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1

Molar Uprighting  

MedlinePLUS

Molar Uprighting What Is It? What It's Used For Preparation How It's Done Follow-Up Risks When ... Call a Professional Additional Info What Is It? Molar uprighting corrects a tilted molar. Molars are the ...

2

The formation and evolution of Hule and Río Cuarto maars, Costa Rica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Hule and Río Cuarto maars are respectively located 11 and 18 km northward of the active crater of Poás volcano, on the Caribbean side of the Central Volcanic Range of Costa Rica. They lie on the northern part of Poás volcano massif, along a N-S trending, ~ 27 km-long volcanic fracture crossing the Poás volcano. The volcanic products from Hule maar (2.3 km × 1.8 km, area ~ 3.5 km 2) are mainly pyroclastic surges (poorly vesiculated andesites with very small plagioclases), silica-rich andesitic pumice flows, air-fall deposits, ballistic blocks, and reworked deposits that overlie the regional Pleistocene volcanic basement. They were produced during three main explosive phases. Two overlapping pyroclastic cones have developed within the Hule maar, and at least three lava fields are related to them (high-Al basalt to basaltic andesite). Another maar, Pata de Gallo (400 m across), is located less than 1 km off the SE rim of Hule. Río Cuarto is a nearly circular maar (700-850 m across) with a surface area of 0.33 km 2. Río Cuarto products include surges, ballistics and air-fall tephra, produced during three main explosive phases. These deposits show a narrow fan oriented westward, according to westerly wind direction. They indicate a westerly-directed surge (first 2 km), followed by air-fall deposits (up to 5 km away). Radiocarbon dating has shown that Hule was formed ~ 6.2 ka ago and Pata de Gallo probably formed ~ 2.8 ka ago, while the intra-maar products could have ages of ~ 1.7 ka or ~ 0.7 ka, indicating that Hule is a polygenetic maar. There are no radiocarbon ages yet for dating the formation of Río Cuarto maar, but archaeological data suggest that it erupted between 3-4 ka ago. The volume of pyroclastic deposits associated to Hule maar is estimated to be 0.51-0.53 km 3, from which ~ 20% is juvenile material, therefore 0.07-0.08 km 3 of new dense rock equivalent (DRE) magma, after subtracting 20-30% of porosity. The tephra from Río Cuarto is estimated to be 4.4 × 10 7 m 3, of which 0.008 m 3 correspond to DRE magma. The Hule and Río Cuarto maars are occupied by lakes and, in the last decades, several lake-overturn events have taken place, with a repeat cycle of six to seven years. The main outcome of these events has been the mass death of fish accompanied by changes in the lake color. In these systems, the hazard related to the possible occurrence of Nyos-type gas eruptions can be considered negligible or very local, but significant for tourists who camp by the lakes.

Alvarado, Guillermo E.; Soto, Gerardo J.; Salani, Flavia M.; Ruiz, Pablo; de Mendoza, Luis Hurtado

2011-04-01

3

Molarization of Mandibular Second Premolar  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Macrodontia (megadontia, megalodontia, mac rodontism) is a rare shape anomaly that has been used to describe dental gigantism. Mandibular second premolars show an elevated variability of crown morphology, as are its eruptive potential and final position in the dental arch. To date, only eight cases of isolated macrodontia of second premolars have been reported in the literature. This case report presents clinical and radiographic findings of unusual and rare case of isolated unilateral molarization of left mandibular second premolar. How to cite this article: Mangla N, Khinda VIS, Kallar S, Brar GS. Molarization of Mandibular Second Premolar. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(2):137-139. PMID:25356014

Singh Khinda, Vineet Inder; Kallar, Shiminder; Singh Brar, Gurlal

2014-01-01

4

Molarization of mandibular second premolar.  

PubMed

Macrodontia (megadontia, megalodontia, mac rodontism) is a rare shape anomaly that has been used to describe dental gigantism. Mandibular second premolars show an elevated variability of crown morphology, as are its eruptive potential and final position in the dental arch. To date, only eight cases of isolated macrodontia of second premolars have been reported in the literature. This case report presents clinical and radiographic findings of unusual and rare case of isolated unilateral molarization of left mandibular second premolar. How to cite this article: Mangla N, Khinda VIS, Kallar S, Brar GS. Molarization of Mandibular Second Premolar. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(2):137-139. PMID:25356014

Mangla, Neha; Singh Khinda, Vineet Inder; Kallar, Shiminder; Singh Brar, Gurlal

2014-05-01

5

How Neanderthal molar teeth grew  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growth and development are both fundamental components of demographic structure and life history strategy. Together with information about developmental timing they ultimately contribute to a better understanding of Neanderthal extinction. Primate molar tooth development tracks the pace of life history evolution most closely, and tooth histology reveals a record of birth as well as the timing of crown and root

Roberto Macchiarelli; Luca Bondioli; André Debénath; Arnaud Mazurier; Jean-François Tournepiche; Wendy Birch; M. Christopher Dean

2006-01-01

6

Grazing Impacts Upon Earth's Surface: Towards an Understanding of the Rio Cuarto Crater Field  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The origin of the Rio Cuarto crater field, Argentina has been widely debated since the early 1990s when it was first brought to public attention. In a binary on-off sense, however, the craters are either of a terrestrial origin or they formed via a large asteroid impact. While there are distinct arguments in favour of the former option being the correct interpretation, it is the latter possibility that is principally investigated here, and five distinct impact formation models are described. Of the impact scenarios it is found that the most workable model, although based upon a set of fine-tuned initial conditions, is that in which a large, 100-150-m initial diameter asteroid, entered Earth's atmosphere on a shallow angle path that resulted in temporary capture. In this specific situation a multiple-thousand kilometer long flight path enables the asteroid to survive atmospheric passage, without suffering significant fragmentation, and to impact the ground as a largely coherent mass. Although the odds against such an impact occurring are extremely small, the crater field may nonetheless be interpreted as having potentially formed via a very low-angle, smaller than 5° to the horizon, impact with a ground contact speed of order 5 km/s. Under this scenario, as originally suggested by Schultz and Lianza (Nature 355:234, 1992), the largest of the craters (crater A) in the Rio Cuarto structure was produced in the initial ground impact, and the additional, smaller craters are interpreted as being formed through the down-range transport of decapitated impactor material and crater A ejecta.

Beech, Martin

2014-08-01

7

Treatment planning considerations for molar uprighting.  

PubMed

Molar uprighting cases require individualized treatment planning depending upon condition of ridge, growth pattern of patient, periodontal condition, lower facial height, position of third molar and anchorage. Uprighting of molar was done in two cases--effectively using simple tip back spring in one case and implant in another. PMID:25745724

Kaur, Harsimrat; Pavithra, U S; Shabeer, N N; Reji, Abraham

2014-01-01

8

Molar versus as a paradigm clash.  

PubMed

The molar view of behavior arose in response to the demonstrated inadequacy of explanations based on contiguity. Although Dinsmoor's (2001) modifications to two-factor theory render it irrefutable, a more basic criticism arises when we see that the molar and molecular views differ paradigmatically. The molar view has proven more productive. PMID:11453623

Baum, W M

2001-05-01

9

Molar Malocclusions in Pine Voles (Microtus pinetorum)  

PubMed Central

Here we describe 5 cases of molar malocclusions in adult pine voles (Microtus pinetorum) used for behavioral endocrinology studies. This species belongs to the subfamily Microtinae, which possess aradicular hypsodont molars. The abnormal molars identified caused apparent difficulty in mastication, resulting in poor body condition necessitating euthanasia. Postmortem examination of the oral cavity revealed grossly elongated mandibular and maxillary molars with abnormal wear at occlusal surfaces. This colony health problem was addressed successfully by adding autoclaved hardwood sticks to each cage as an enrichment tool. PMID:19653952

Harvey, Stephen B; Alworth, Leanne C; Blas-Machado, Uriel

2009-01-01

10

Enamel thickness of human maxillary molars reconsidered.  

PubMed

Forty-four modern human maxillary molars (M1 = 21, M2 = 12, and M3 = 11) were sectioned through the mesial cusps in a plane perpendicular to the cervical margin of the crown. Eight measurements of enamel thickness as well as bucco-lingual (BL) and mesio-distal (MD) diameters were recorded for each tooth in order to investigate differences in these dimensions between tooth categories. Uni- and multi-variate analyses revealed first maxillary molars to have generally thinner enamel than second or third upper molars, especially with regard to the occlusal basin. Furthermore, the decrease of MD diameters from anterior to posterior is greater than that of BL diameters. Principal Component Analysis using enamel thickness measurements resulted in complete separation of first molars, while second and third maxillary molars showed a certain amount of overlap. This finding casts doubt on using an overall measure of "molar enamel thickness" derived from mixed samples of molars for taxonomic purposes. There appears to be a relationship between bite force and enamel thickness such that posterior molars, where masticatory forces are stronger, have thicker enamel than anterior teeth. It is suggested that the gradient of enamel thickness between (and within) teeth in extant and extinct species may thus provide further information about relative wear resistance as well as the biomechanical constraints of the orofacial skeleton. PMID:8273831

Macho, G A; Berner, M E

1993-10-01

11

Intravenous sedation for third molar surgery.  

PubMed

The surgical removal of third molars is a frequently carried out procedure under day-stay general anesthesia. Economic considerations and the demand on hospital facilities together with the reduced incidence of morbidity suggest that intravenous sedation is an excellent alternative modality. Thirty cases of third molar surgery with intravenous sedation are described wherein excellent operating conditions and reduced morbidity are reported. PMID:8219933

Grainger, J K

1993-01-01

12

Antibiotics in third molar surgery.  

PubMed

The aim of this survey was to assess the knowledge and practice of Swiss dentists focusing on the use of antibiotics in prophylactic surgical removal of lower wisdom teeth. A postal survey was conducted among all 3288 dentists who are members of the Swiss Dental Society (SSO) representing nearly all dentists in Switzerland. The questionnaire consisted of 13 questions with mostly multiple-choice answers. Demographic profile, surgical experience, the use of antibiotics, and wound management, i.e. wound closure and the use of mouth rinse were assessed. A response rate of 55% was obtained. Most Swiss dentists perform surgical extractions in their practices. Of all dentists, 18.6% used antibiotics routinely, but a large variation was found comparing the three linguistic regions of Switzerland with the highest prescription rate of 48% in the French-speaking south-west of Switzerland. Fifty-two percent of dentists prescribed amoxicillin in a dose of 750 mg. Most often three daily doses were prescribed (47%). A postoperative regime was prescribed by 54.4% of dentists. French language (p=0.003), graduation from the university of Geneva (p=0.007), foreign diplomas (p<0.001), and dentists with diplomas awarded from 2001-2006 (p=0.004) showed a highly significant correlation with the use of antibiotics. In Switzerland, prophylactic antibiotics are used in third molar surgery. Antibiotic prescription however largely depends on geographical situation and dentist profiles. The assessment of antibiotic use in private practices is important in the light of growing evidence that antibiotic overuse may lead to development of multiresistant bacterial strains. In a second part results regarding wound management and mouth rinse will be presented. PMID:24671748

Vlcek, Daniel; Razavi, Amir; Kuttenberger, Johannes J

2014-01-01

13

Role of third molars in orthodontics.  

PubMed

The role of third molars in the oral cavity has been extensively studied over the years. Literature includes numerous diagnostic and treatment alternatives regarding the third molars. However, an issue that has not been discussed at the same level is their involvement in orthodontic therapy. The aim of this study is to present a review of the contemporary literature regarding the most broadly discussed aspects of the multifactorial role of third molars in orthodontics and which are of general dental interest too. PMID:25685759

Almpani, Konstantinia; Kolokitha, Olga-Elpis

2015-02-16

14

Role of third molars in orthodontics  

PubMed Central

The role of third molars in the oral cavity has been extensively studied over the years. Literature includes numerous diagnostic and treatment alternatives regarding the third molars. However, an issue that has not been discussed at the same level is their involvement in orthodontic therapy. The aim of this study is to present a review of the contemporary literature regarding the most broadly discussed aspects of the multifactorial role of third molars in orthodontics and which are of general dental interest too. PMID:25685759

Almpani, Konstantinia; Kolokitha, Olga-Elpis

2015-01-01

15

Unilateral Molar Distalization: A Nonextraction Therapy  

PubMed Central

In the recent years, nonextraction treatment approaches and noncompliance therapies have become more popular in the correction of space discrepancies. One of the conventional approaches for space gaining in the arches without patient compliance is done by using certain extra oral appliances or intraoral appliance. The greatest advantage of certain appliances like fixed functional and molar distalization appliances is that they minimize the dependence on patient cooperation. Molar distalization appliances like pendulum appliance which distalizes the molar rapidly without the need of head gear can be used in patients as a unilateral space gaining procedure due to buccal segment crowding. PMID:23320203

Prasad, M. Bhanu; Sreevalli, S.

2012-01-01

16

Molars and incisors: show your microarray IDs  

PubMed Central

Background One of the key questions in developmental biology is how, from a relatively small number of conserved signaling pathways, is it possible to generate organs displaying a wide range of shapes, tissue organization, and function. The dentition and its distinct specific tooth types represent a valuable system to address the issues of differential molecular signatures. To identify such signatures, we performed a comparative transcriptomic analysis of developing murine lower incisors, mandibular molars and maxillary molars at the developmental cap stage (E14.5). Results 231 genes were identified as being differentially expressed between mandibular incisors and molars, with a fold change higher than 2 and a false discovery rate lower than 0.1, whereas only 96 genes were discovered as being differentially expressed between mandibular and maxillary molars. Numerous genes belonging to specific signaling pathways (the Hedgehog, Notch, Wnt, FGF, TGF?/BMP, and retinoic acid pathways), and/or to the homeobox gene superfamily, were also uncovered when a less stringent fold change threshold was used. Differential expressions for 10 out of 12 (mandibular incisors versus molars) and 9 out of 10 selected genes were confirmed by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR). A bioinformatics tool (Ingenuity Pathway Analysis) used to analyze biological functions and pathways on the group of incisor versus molar differentially expressed genes revealed that 143 genes belonged to 9 networks with intermolecular connections. Networks with the highest significance scores were centered on the TNF/NF?B complex and the ERK1/2 kinases. Two networks ERK1/2 kinases and tretinoin were involved in differential molar morphogenesis. Conclusion These data allowed us to build several regulatory networks that may distinguish incisor versus molar identity, and may be useful for further investigations of these tooth-specific ontogenetic programs. These programs may be dysregulated in transgenic animal models and related human diseases leading to dental anomalies. PMID:23531410

2013-01-01

17

Efficiency of a pendulum appliance for molar distalization related to second and third molar eruption stage  

Microsoft Academic Search

A modified pendulum appliance, including a distal screw and special preactivated pendulum springs (built-in straightening activation and toe-in bending), was used for bilateral maxillary molar distalization in 36 adolescent patients in various stages of the molar dentition. The patients were divided into 3 groups (PG 1-3) according to the stage of eruption of their second and third molars. In PG

Gero S. M Kinzinger; Ulrike B Fritz; Franz-Günter Sander; Peter R Diedrich

2004-01-01

18

Orthodontic extrusion of horizontally impacted mandibular molars  

PubMed Central

Objective: To introduce and evaluate a novel approach in treating horizontally impacted mandibular second and third molars. Materials and methods: An orthodontic technique was applied for treatment of horizontally impacted mandibular second and third molars, which included a push-type spring for rotation first, and then a cantilever for extrusion. There were 8 mandibular third molars (M3s) and 2 second molars (M2s) in this study. Tooth mobility, extraction time, the inclination and parallelism of the impacted tooth, alveolar bone height of the adjacent tooth, and the relationship of impacted M3 and the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) were evaluated. Results: Two horizontally impacted M2s could be upright in the arch and good occlusal relationships were obtained after treatment. All impacted M3s were successfully separated from the IAN, without any neurologic consequences. The average extraction time was 5 minutes. There was a significant change in the inclination and parallelism of the impacted tooth after treatment. A new bone apposition with the average height of 3.2 mm was noted distal to the adjacent tooth. Conclusions: This two-step orthodontic technique as presented here may be a safe and feasible alternative in management of severely horizontally impacted mandibular molars, which achieves a successful separation of M3s from the IAN and an excellent position for M2s. PMID:25419364

Ma, Zhigui; Yang, Chi; Zhang, Shanyong; Xie, Qianyang; Shen, Yuqing; Shen, Pei

2014-01-01

19

Microbial complexes detected in the second\\/third molar region in patients with asymptomatic third molars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Our goal was to report the detection and levels of pathogenic bacteria in subgingival plaque samples taken from the distal of all second molars in 295 patients with asymptomatic third molars. Patients and Methods: Data assessing oral health were collected from each of these healthy patients (ASA Classes I and II). Probing depth (PD), at 6 sites per tooth,

Raymond P. White; Phoebus N. Madianos; Steven Offenbacher; Ceib Phillips; George H. Blakey; Richard H. Haug; Robert D. Marciani

2002-01-01

20

Oxygen from Hydrogen Peroxide. A Safe Molar Volume-Molar Mass Experiment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a molar volume-molar mass experiment for use in general chemistry laboratories. Gives background technical information, procedures for the titration of aqueous hydrogen peroxide with standard potassium permanganate and catalytic decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to produce oxygen, and a discussion of the results obtained in three…

Bedenbaugh, John H.; And Others

1988-01-01

21

The root apices of the premolars and molars  

E-print Network

of the mandibular molar region does not show all of the specific region on the film. The third molar has been "cutFig. 8-1 The root apices of the premolars and molars are "cut off" because the film was placed too. Fig. A Illusion of a closed contact point between the second premolar and first molar due to incorrect

22

Geosphere-Biosphere Interactions in Bio-Activity Volcanic Lakes: Evidences from Hule and Rìo Cuarto (Costa Rica)  

PubMed Central

Hule and Río Cuarto are maar lakes located 11 and 18 km N of Poás volcano along a 27 km long fracture zone, in the Central Volcanic Range of Costa Rica. Both lakes are characterized by a stable thermic and chemical stratification and recently they were affected by fish killing events likely related to the uprising of deep anoxic waters to the surface caused by rollover phenomena. The vertical profiles of temperature, pH, redox potential, chemical and isotopic compositions of water and dissolved gases, as well as prokaryotic diversity estimated by DNA fingerprinting and massive 16S rRNA pyrosequencing along the water column of the two lakes, have highlighted that different bio-geochemical processes occur in these meromictic lakes. Although the two lakes host different bacterial and archaeal phylogenetic groups, water and gas chemistry in both lakes is controlled by the same prokaryotic functions, especially regarding the CO2-CH4 cycle. Addition of hydrothermal CO2 through the bottom of the lakes plays a fundamental priming role in developing a stable water stratification and fuelling anoxic bacterial and archaeal populations. Methanogens and methane oxidizers as well as autotrophic and heterotrophic aerobic bacteria responsible of organic carbon recycling resulted to be stratified with depth and strictly related to the chemical-physical conditions and availability of free oxygen, affecting both the CO2 and CH4 chemical concentrations and their isotopic compositions along the water column. Hule and Río Cuarto lakes were demonstrated to contain a CO2 (CH4, N2)-rich gas reservoir mainly controlled by the interactions occurring between geosphere and biosphere. Thus, we introduced the term of bio-activity volcanic lakes to distinguish these lakes, which have analogues worldwide (e.g. Kivu: D.R.C.-Rwanda; Albano, Monticchio and Averno: Italy; Pavin: France) from volcanic lakes only characterized by geogenic CO2 reservoir such as Nyos and Monoun (Cameroon). PMID:25058537

Cabassi, Jacopo; Tassi, Franco; Mapelli, Francesca; Borin, Sara; Calabrese, Sergio; Rouwet, Dmitri; Chiodini, Giovanni; Marasco, Ramona; Chouaia, Bessem; Avino, Rosario; Vaselli, Orlando; Pecoraino, Giovannella; Capecchiacci, Francesco; Bicocchi, Gabriele; Caliro, Stefano; Ramirez, Carlos; Mora-Amador, Raul

2014-01-01

23

Geosphere-biosphere interactions in bio-activity volcanic lakes: evidences from Hule and Rìo Cuarto (Costa Rica).  

PubMed

Hule and Río Cuarto are maar lakes located 11 and 18 km N of Poás volcano along a 27 km long fracture zone, in the Central Volcanic Range of Costa Rica. Both lakes are characterized by a stable thermic and chemical stratification and recently they were affected by fish killing events likely related to the uprising of deep anoxic waters to the surface caused by rollover phenomena. The vertical profiles of temperature, pH, redox potential, chemical and isotopic compositions of water and dissolved gases, as well as prokaryotic diversity estimated by DNA fingerprinting and massive 16S rRNA pyrosequencing along the water column of the two lakes, have highlighted that different bio-geochemical processes occur in these meromictic lakes. Although the two lakes host different bacterial and archaeal phylogenetic groups, water and gas chemistry in both lakes is controlled by the same prokaryotic functions, especially regarding the CO2-CH4 cycle. Addition of hydrothermal CO2 through the bottom of the lakes plays a fundamental priming role in developing a stable water stratification and fuelling anoxic bacterial and archaeal populations. Methanogens and methane oxidizers as well as autotrophic and heterotrophic aerobic bacteria responsible of organic carbon recycling resulted to be stratified with depth and strictly related to the chemical-physical conditions and availability of free oxygen, affecting both the CO2 and CH4 chemical concentrations and their isotopic compositions along the water column. Hule and Río Cuarto lakes were demonstrated to contain a CO2 (CH4, N2)-rich gas reservoir mainly controlled by the interactions occurring between geosphere and biosphere. Thus, we introduced the term of bio-activity volcanic lakes to distinguish these lakes, which have analogues worldwide (e.g. Kivu: D.R.C.-Rwanda; Albano, Monticchio and Averno: Italy; Pavin: France) from volcanic lakes only characterized by geogenic CO2 reservoir such as Nyos and Monoun (Cameroon). PMID:25058537

Cabassi, Jacopo; Tassi, Franco; Mapelli, Francesca; Borin, Sara; Calabrese, Sergio; Rouwet, Dmitri; Chiodini, Giovanni; Marasco, Ramona; Chouaia, Bessem; Avino, Rosario; Vaselli, Orlando; Pecoraino, Giovannella; Capecchiacci, Francesco; Bicocchi, Gabriele; Caliro, Stefano; Ramirez, Carlos; Mora-Amador, Raul

2014-01-01

24

40 CFR Table 1 to Subpart Ja of... - Molar Exhaust Volumes and Molar Heat Content of Fuel Gas Constituents  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Molar Exhaust Volumes and Molar Heat Content of Fuel Gas Constituents 1 Table...Ja, Table 1 Table 1 to Subpart Ja of Part 60—Molar Exhaust Volumes and Molar Heat Content of Fuel...

2014-07-01

25

40 CFR Table 1 to Subpart Ja of... - Molar Exhaust Volumes and Molar Heat Content of Fuel Gas Constituents  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Molar Exhaust Volumes and Molar Heat Content of Fuel Gas Constituents 1 Table...Ja, Table 1 Table 1 to Subpart Ja of Part 60—Molar Exhaust Volumes and Molar Heat Content of Fuel...

2013-07-01

26

Ectopic molar pregnancy: a case report.  

PubMed

The incidence of hydatidiform moles is 1 per 1,000 pregnancies. Ectopic pregnancy occurs in 20 per 1,000 pregnancies. Thus, the incidence of the ectopic molar gestation is very rare. We report a case of tubal molar pregnancy diagnosed at the systematic histology exam of an ectopic pregnancy. We report the case of 32 years old nulliparus women who presented a vaginal bleeding, lower abdominal pain and 6 weeks amenorrhea corresponding to the last menstrual period. At the clinical examination, the arterial pressure was 100/60 mmHG. The gynecological examination was difficult because of lower abdominal pain. Serum gonadotropin activity was 3454 ui/l. Pelvic ultrasound revealed an irregular echogenic mass in the left adnexa. Diagnostic laparoscopy revealed a left-sided unruptured ampullary ectopic pregnancy. A left laparoscopic salpingectomy was performed. The systematic histologic test identified an ectopic partial molar pregnancy, which was confirmed by DNA ploidy image analysis. The patient was followed with weekly quantitative B-hCG titers until three successive B-hCG levels were negative. It is pertinent that clinicians take routine histological examination of tubal specimens in ectopic pregnancy very seriously in order to diagnose cases of ectopic molar gestations early and mount appropriate post treatment surveillance. PMID:22655097

Bousfiha, Najoua; Erarhay, Sanaa; Louba, Adnane; Saadi, Hanan; Bouchikhi, Chahrazad; Banani, Abdelaziz; El Fatemi, Hind; Sekkal, Med; Laamarti, Afaf

2012-01-01

27

Ectopic molar pregnancy: a case report  

PubMed Central

The incidence of hydatidiform moles is 1 per 1,000 pregnancies. Ectopic pregnancy occurs in 20 per 1,000 pregnancies. Thus, the incidence of the ectopic molar gestation is very rare. We report a case of tubal molar pregnancy diagnosed at the systematic histology exam of an ectopic pregnancy. We report the case of 32 years old nulliparus women who presented a vaginal bleeding, lower abdominal pain and 6 weeks amenorrhea corresponding to the last menstrual period. At the clinical examination, the arterial pressure was 100/60 mmHG. The gynecological examination was difficult because of lower abdominal pain. Serum gonadotropin activity was 3454 ui/l. Pelvic ultrasound revealed an irregular echogenic mass in the left adnexa. Diagnostic laparoscopy revealed a left-sided unruptured ampullary ectopic pregnancy. A left laparoscopic salpingectomy was performed. The systematic histologic test identified an ectopic partial molar pregnancy, which was confirmed by DNA ploidy image analysis. The patient was followed with weekly quantitative B-hCG titers until three successive B-hCG levels were negative. It is pertinent that clinicians take routine histological examination of tubal specimens in ectopic pregnancy very seriously in order to diagnose cases of ectopic molar gestations early and mount appropriate post treatment surveillance. PMID:22655097

Bousfiha, Najoua; Erarhay, Sanaa; Louba, Adnane; Saadi, Hanan; Bouchikhi, Chahrazad; Banani, Abdelaziz; Fatemi, Hind El; Sekkal, Med; Laamarti, Afaf

2012-01-01

28

Periodontal pathology associated with asymptomatic third molars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: We report the prevalence of periodontal probing depth (PD) as a clinical measure of the extent of periodontitis associated with asymptomatic third molars at the initial examination in a cohort of patients enrolled in an institutional review board[ndash ]approved longitudinal clinical trial. Patients and Methods: Three hundred twenty-nine healthy patients were enrolled during a 30-month period. Full mouth periodontal

George H. Blakey; Robert D. Marciani; Richard H. Haug; Ceib Phillips; Steven Offenbacher; Tarunjeet Pabla; Raymond P. White

2002-01-01

29

Compromised first permanent molars: an orthodontic perspective.  

PubMed

The first permanent molar (FPM) is commonly subject to significant compromise which may arise due to caries or endodontic complication, or from developmental anomalies such as hypoplasia. Compromised teeth with questionable prognosis may result in short and long-term clinical dilemmas. This review article highlights the factors that require careful consideration when a compromised FPM is detected and the importance of timely FPM extraction. Several clinical cases are described in detail to discuss possible treatment options from the orthodontic perspective. PMID:20415906

Ong, D C-V; Bleakley, J E

2010-03-01

30

Molar Tooth Diversity, Disparity, and Ecology in Cenozoic Ungulate Radiations  

Microsoft Academic Search

A classic example of adaptive radiation is the diversification of Cenozoic ungulates into herbivore adaptive zones. Their taxonomic diversification has been associated with changes in molar tooth morphology. Analysis of molar crown types of the Artiodactyla, Perissodactyla, and archaic ungulates (\\

Jukka Jernvall; John P. Hunter; Mikael Fortelius

1996-01-01

31

Continuous multi-criteria methods for crop and soil conservation planning on La Colacha (Río Cuarto, Province of Córdoba, Argentina)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Agro-areas of Arroyos Menores (La Colacha) west and south of Río Cuarto (Prov. of Córdoba, Argentina) basins are very fertile but have high soil loses. Extreme rain events, inundations and other severe erosions forming gullies demand urgently actions in this area to avoid soil degradation and erosion supporting good levels of agro production. The authors first improved hydrologic data on La Colacha, evaluated the systems of soil uses and actions that could be recommended considering the relevant aspects of the study area and applied decision support systems (DSS) with mathematic tools for planning of defences and uses of soils in these areas. These were conducted here using multi-criteria models, in multi-criteria decision making (MCDM); first of discrete MCDM to chose among global types of use of soils, and then of continuous MCDM to evaluate and optimize combined actions, including repartition of soil use and the necessary levels of works for soil conservation and for hydraulic management to conserve against erosion these basins. Relatively global solutions for La Colacha area have been defined and were optimised by Linear Programming in Goal Programming forms that are presented as Weighted or Lexicographic Goal Programming and as Compromise Programming. The decision methods used are described, indicating algorithms used, and examples for some representative scenarios on La Colacha area are given.

Antón, J. M.; Grau, J. B.; Cisneros, J. M.; Laguna, F. V.; Aguado, P. L.; Cantero, J. J.; Andina, D.; Sánchez, E.

2012-08-01

32

Water quality assessment, by statistical analysis, on rural and urban areas of Chocancharava River (Río Cuarto), Córdoba, Argentina.  

PubMed

Water quality has degraded dramatically in the Chocancharava River (Río Cuarto, Córdoba, Argentina) due to point and non-point sources. This paper aims to assess spatial and temporal variations of physical and chemical parameters of the river. Six sampling sites and six sampling campaigns were developed. During the period 2007-2008, wet and dry seasons were included. A statistical analysis was carried out with 23 physical and chemical variables. Then, a new statistical analysis was carried out including the Riparian Corridors Quality Index and the physical and chemical variables (24 variables). Considering a multivariate system, analysis of variance, principal component analysis and cluster analysis were used. From the statistical analysis, the river was divided into two zones with different degrees of contamination. The most polluted zone is due to pollution inputs of urban, industrial and agricultural sources. This area showed a remarkable deterioration in water quality, mainly due to wastewater discharges. According to Riparian Quality, better results were found in sections of poor water quality, due to the fact that the river bank forest was less degraded downstream of the sewage discharge. PMID:22270585

Gatica, Eduardo A; Almeida, César A; Mallea, Miguel A; Del Corigliano, Maria C; González, Patricia

2012-12-01

33

Distal molar movement with Kloehn headgear: Is it stable?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to evaluate intramaxillary molar movement after 8 months of cervical traction and posttreatment displacement 7 years later. The total molar displacements in relation to stable intraosseous reference points were compared with those observed in an untreated control group that also had intraosseous reference indicators inserted. During the headgear period, the type of molar displacement

Birte Melsen; Michel Dalstra

2003-01-01

34

MOLAR Meeting BarcelonaAprit 22-251997  

E-print Network

MOLAR Meeting BarcelonaAprit 22-251997 Liverpool University (Environmental Radioactivity Research winds transportair massesover the land surface. Fallout at MOLAR sitesin the UK, Maritime Europe-100Bq *t y-t. The objectiveof the measurementsbeingcarriedwithin the MOLAR prograrnmeis to strengthenthe

Short, Daniel

35

Enzyme Molar Fractions: A Powerful Tool for Understanding Enzyme Kinetics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Deduces the relationship between reduced velocity and molar fractions for productive enzyme complexes; obtains the mathematical expression of molar fractions for an enzyme with two specific binding sites per molecule; and proposes a useful plot to follow the dependence of enzyme molar fractions with the concentration of one of its ligands. (JN)

Serra, Juan L.; And Others

1986-01-01

36

UK National Third Molar project: the initial report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Third Molar (NTM) project was set up to assess current clinical practice in the UK concerning the management of third molar teeth. Patients were recruited from both hospital and general dental practice. During the one month study period 9248 patients with 26 577 third molars were recruited. In this report we present the findings in the 8298 patients

S. F. Worrall; K. Riden; R. Haskell; A. M. Corrigan

1998-01-01

37

Inflammatory mediators and periodontitis in patients with asymptomatic third molars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Our goal was to report the detection and levels of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) inflammatory mediators, sampled at the mesial of 4 first molars and distal of 4 second molars, in 316 patients with asymptomatic third molars. Patients and Methods: Levels of GCF inflammatory mediators, interleukin (IL)-1[beta ] and prostaglandin (PG)E2, were determined and log transformed for each patient.

Raymond P. White; Steven Offenbacher; Ceib Phillips; Richard H. Haug; George H. Blakey; Robert D. Marciani

2002-01-01

38

4. New perspectives on chimpanzee and human molar crown development  

E-print Network

4. New perspectives on chimpanzee and human molar crown development T.M. SMITH Human Evolution 11794-4364 U.S.A. lawrence.martin@stonybrook.edu Keywords: molar development, incremental feature, crown samples of chimpanzee and human molars suggested similarities in crown formation time, which is surprising

Smith, Tanya M.

39

Molar Incisor Hypomineralization, Prevalence, and Etiology  

PubMed Central

Aim. To evaluate the prevalence and possible etiological factors associated with molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) among a group of children in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methods. A group of 8-12-year-old children were recruited (n = 267) from the Pediatric Dental Clinics at the Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University. Children had at least one first permanent molar (FPM), erupted or partially erupted. Demographic information, children's medical history, and pregnancy-related data were obtained. The crowns of the FPM and permanent incisors were examined for demarcated opacities, posteruptive breakdown (PEB), atypical restorations, and extracted FPMs. Children were considered to have MIH if one or more FPM with or without involvement of incisors met the diagnostic criteria. Results. MIH showed a prevalence of 8.6%. Demarcated opacities were the most common form. Maxillary central incisors were more affected than mandibular (P = 0.01). The condition was more prevalent in children with history of illnesses during the first four years of life including tonsillitis (P = 0.001), adenoiditis (P = 0.001), asthma (P = 0.001), fever (P = 0.014), and antibiotics intake (P = 0.001). Conclusions. The prevalence of MIH is significantly associated with childhood illnesses during the first four years of life including asthma, adenoid infections, tonsillitis, fever, and antibiotics intake. PMID:24949012

Allazzam, Sulaiman Mohammed; Alaki, Sumer Madani; El Meligy, Omar Abdel Sadek

2014-01-01

40

Molar incisor hypomineralization, prevalence, and etiology.  

PubMed

Aim. To evaluate the prevalence and possible etiological factors associated with molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) among a group of children in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methods. A group of 8-12-year-old children were recruited (n = 267) from the Pediatric Dental Clinics at the Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University. Children had at least one first permanent molar (FPM), erupted or partially erupted. Demographic information, children's medical history, and pregnancy-related data were obtained. The crowns of the FPM and permanent incisors were examined for demarcated opacities, posteruptive breakdown (PEB), atypical restorations, and extracted FPMs. Children were considered to have MIH if one or more FPM with or without involvement of incisors met the diagnostic criteria. Results. MIH showed a prevalence of 8.6%. Demarcated opacities were the most common form. Maxillary central incisors were more affected than mandibular (P = 0.01). The condition was more prevalent in children with history of illnesses during the first four years of life including tonsillitis (P = 0.001), adenoiditis (P = 0.001), asthma (P = 0.001), fever (P = 0.014), and antibiotics intake (P = 0.001). Conclusions. The prevalence of MIH is significantly associated with childhood illnesses during the first four years of life including asthma, adenoid infections, tonsillitis, fever, and antibiotics intake. PMID:24949012

Allazzam, Sulaiman Mohammed; Alaki, Sumer Madani; El Meligy, Omar Abdel Sadek

2014-01-01

41

Preemptive analgesia in third molar impaction surgery  

PubMed Central

Introduction: We have evaluated efficacy of diclofenac sodium as pre-emptive analgesia agent in a prospective triple blind placebo controlled randomized clinical trial in a patients undergoing third molar impaction surgery. Materials and Methods: Randomization of groups was done by randomization software and two groups were constituted one group receiving placebo pre operatively and then the drug for next five days while the other group was given diclofenac sodium pre operatively and then for five days. Results: Results were achieved with help of measurement of outcome variables like postoperative tenderness, swelling and trismus on a visual analogous scale (VAS) and other personalized scale. Collected data shows that there is a significant reduction in the score of postop tenderness in experimental group (P = 0.00), while there is a minimal difference between score of postoperative swelling and tenderness (P > 0.04). Conclusion: So, we can conclude that use of diclofenac sodium as a preemptive analgesic agent is beneficial for better pain control in third molar impaction surgery. PMID:23833488

Shah, Rakesh; Mahajan, Amit; Shah, Navin; Dadhania, Ashish P.

2012-01-01

42

Clinical significance of computed tomography assessment for third molar surgery  

PubMed Central

Surgical extraction of the third molar is the most commonly performed surgical procedure in the clinical practice of oral surgery. Third molar surgery is warranted when there is inadequate space for eruption, malpositioning, or risk for cyst or odontogenic tumor formation. Preoperative assessment should include a detailed morphologic analysis of the third molar and its relationship to adjacent structures and surrounding tissues. Due to developments in medical engineering technology, computed tomography (CT) now plays a critical role in providing the clear images required for adequate assessment prior to third molar surgery. Removal of the maxillary third molar is associated with a risk for maxillary sinus perforation, whereas removal of the mandibular third molar can put patients at risk for a neurosensory deficit from damage to the lingual nerve or inferior alveolar nerve. Multiple factors, including demographic, anatomic, and treatment-related factors, influence the incidence of nerve injury during or following removal of the third molar. CT assessment of the third molar prior to surgery can identify some of these risk factors, such as the absence of cortication between the mandibular third molar and the inferior alveolar canal, prior to surgery to reduce the risk for nerve damage. This topic highlight presents an overview of the clinical significance of CT assessment in third molar surgery. PMID:25071882

Nakamori, Kenji; Tomihara, Kei; Noguchi, Makoto

2014-01-01

43

Molar extinction coefficients of some fatty acids  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The attenuation of gamma rays in some fatty acids, viz. formic acid (CH 2O 2), acetic acid (C 2H 4O 2), propionic acid (C 3H 6O 2), butyric acid (C 4H 8O 2), n-hexanoic acid (C 6H 12O 2), n-caprylic acid (C 8H 16O 2), lauric acid (C 12H 24O 2), myristic acid (C 14H 28O 2), palmitic acid (C 16H 32O 2), oleic acid (C 18H 34O 2) and stearic acid (C 18H 36O 2), has been measured at the photon energies 81, 356, 511, 662, 1173 and 1332 keV. Experimental values for the molar extinction coefficient, the effective atomic number and the electron density have been derived and compared with theoretical calculations. There is good agreement between experiment and theory.

Sandhu, G. K.; Singh, Kulwant; Lark, B. S.; Gerward, L.

2002-10-01

44

Statistical Interpretation of Femto-Molar Detection  

E-print Network

Over the last decade, many experiments have demonstrated that nanobiosensors based on Nanotubes and Nanowires are significantly more sensitive compared to their planar counterparts. Yet, there has been persistent gap between reports of analyte detection at ~femto-Molar concentration and theory suggesting the impossibility of sub-pM detection at the corresponding incubation time. This divide has persisted despite the sophistication of the theoretical models. In this paper, we calculate the statistics of diffusion-limited arrival-time distribution by a Monte Carlo method to suggest a statistical resolution of the enduring puzzle: The incubation time in the theory is the mean incubation time, while experiments suggest device stability limited the minimum incubation time. The difference in incubation times - both described by characteristic power-laws - provides an intuitive explanation of different detection limits anticipated by theory and experiments. These power laws broaden the scope of problems amenable to ...

Go, Jonghyun

2009-01-01

45

The unerupted maxillary second molar, due to an overlying and malformed upper third molar: treatment and follow-up.  

PubMed

This retrospective study presents the treatment and follow-up of 20 young patients with 23 impacted upper second molars, due to overlying, impacted upper third molars. The third molars were removed surgically under local anaesthesia. After removal of these palatally obstructing teeth, radiographic and clinical follow-up was performed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the eruption progress of the upper second molars after surgery. Radiological and/or clinical follow-up showed complete eruption of 19 (83%) of the upper second molars. For those cases treated before the age of 12 years and 4 months (the mean eruption age), all the upper second molars erupted completely. For those cases where surgical removal was undertaken after the mean eruption age, four (17%) of the upper second molars did not completely erupt. It was concluded that early treatment of impacted upper second molars, due to overlying third molars, may lead to more rapid eruption. Further prospective research is necessary to develop guidelines for the removal of palatally obstructing third molars to avoid eruption problems. PMID:18287391

Salentijn, E G; Ras, F; Mensink, G; van Merkesteyn, J P R

2008-03-01

46

Third molar evaluation with cone-beam computerized tomography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Precise 3-dimensional localization of impacted mandibular third molars relative to the inferior dental canal (IDC) is critical to clinical management and surgical outcomes. Recently introduced dental 3-D volumetric imaging systems coupled with semi-automatic modeling techniques allows 3-D visualization of the IDC and the third-molar. Six impacted third molar sites were imaged with various 3-D volumetric imaging systems (NewTom 9000, Morita

Reyes Enciso; Robert A. Danforth; Emanuel S. Alexandroni; Ahmed Memon; James Mah

2006-01-01

47

Second molar impaction associated with lip bumper therapy  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION: Although lip bumpers (LBs) provide significant clinical gain of mandibular arch perimeter in mixed-dentition patients, orthodontists are reluctant to use them due to the possibility of permanent second molar eruptive disturbances. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to assess second molar impaction associated with the use of LBs, and to investigate how they can be solved. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Lateral and panoramic radiographs of 67 patients (34 females and 33 males) were assessed prior (T1) and post-LB treatment (T2). LB therapy lasted for approximately 1.8 ± 0.9 years. Concomitant rapid palatal expansion (RPE) was performed in the maxilla at LB treatment onset. Impaction of mandibular second molars was assessed by means of panoramic radiographs in relation to the position of first mandibular molars. Horizontal and vertical movements of first and second molars were assessed cephalometrically on lateral cephalometric radiographs based on mandibular superimpositions. RESULTS: Eight (11.9%) patients had impacted second molars at the end of LB therapy. Two patients required surgical correction, whereas five required spacers and one patient was self-corrected. Mandibular first molar tip and apex migrated forward 1.3 mm and 2.3 mm, respectively. Second molar tip showed no statistically significant horizontal movement. CONCLUSION: Although LB therapy increased the risk of second molar impaction, impactions were, in most instances, easily solved. PMID:25628086

Jacob, Helder Baldi; LeMert, Shawn; Alexander, Richard G.; Buschang, Peter H.

2014-01-01

48

Sensory nerve impairment following mandibular third molar surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: This prospective study reports the rate and factors influencing sensory impairment of the inferior alveolar and lingual nerves after the removal of impacted mandibular third molars under local anesthesia. Patients and Methods: There were 741 patients with 741 mandibular third molars removed under local anesthesia during a 3-year period from 1994 to 1997. Standardized data collection included the patient's

Anwar B Bataineh

2001-01-01

49

Immediate and late mandibular fractures after third molar removal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: In this retrospective study, we analyzed immediate and late mandibular fractures after impacted lower third molar surgery. Patients and Methods: One hundred fifty oral and maxillofacial surgeons in the north of- France were questioned about their experience with intraoperative and late mandibular fracture after third molar surgery. Cases were examined clinically and radiographically. Results: Thirty-seven fractures were reported in

Philippe Libersa; David Roze; Thierry Cachart; Jean-Claude Libersa

2002-01-01

50

Fusion of complex odontome with permanent mandibular molar.  

PubMed

Odontomas are malformation of the dental tissue, arising during normal tooth development. They are usually asymptomatic, but often associated with tooth eruption disturbance. This article reports a case of complex odontome in a 23-year-male, which hampered the eruption of mandibular right second molar as well devitalization of first molar. PMID:23066237

Talari, Bharathi H; Ananda, Divya; Prince, Christo N; Annaporna, Chandrakala S; Pranavadhyani

2012-08-01

51

An Epidemiologic Study of Deciduous Molar Relations in Preschool Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study indicated that distoclusion decreased significantly with age and was more prevalent in siblings of children with Class II molar relation as compared with the prevalence for the total population. Children of middle socioeconomic status (SES) and girls with Class I molar relation had prevalences of posterior crossbite significantly greater than lower SES children and boys, respectively. Finger habits

Peter F. Infante

1975-01-01

52

PULPOTOMIES WITH PORTLAND CEMENT IN HUMAN PRIMARY MOLARS  

PubMed Central

Two clinical cases in which Portland cement (PC) was applied as a medicament after pulpotomy of mandibular primary molars in children are presented. Pulpotomy using PC was carried out in two mandibular first molars and one mandibular second molar, which were further followed-up. At the 3, 6 and 12-month follow-up appointments, clinical and radiographic examinations of the pulpotomized teeth and their periradicular area revealed that the treatments were successful in maintaining the teeth asymptomatic and preserving pulpal vitality. Additionally, the formation of a dentin bridge immediately below the PC could be observed in the three molars treated. PC may be considered as an effective alternative for primary molar pulpotomies, at least in a short-term period. Randomized clinical trials with human teeth are required in order to determine the suitability of PC before unlimited clinical use can be recommended. PMID:19148409

Conti, Taísa Regina; Sakai, Vivien Thiemy; Fornetti, Ana Paula Camolese; Moretti, Ana Beatriz Silveira; Oliveira, Thais Marchini; Lourenço, Natalino; Machado, Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira; Abdo, Ruy Cesar Camargo

2009-01-01

53

Anesthetic implications of a partial molar pregnancy and associated complications.  

PubMed

In the United States, molar pregnancy occurs between 1 in 1,200 and 1 in 2,500 pregnancies. The critical nature of complications associated with a molar pregnancy requires advanced perioperative anesthetic management. This case report details the perioperative events of a 34-year-old gravida 5, para 3, with a partial molar pregnancy who underwent general anesthesia for a dilatation and curettage procedure, following therapeutic termination of a coexisting fetus at 18 weeks' gestation. Her initial presentation, anesthetic and operative management, and postoperative course are described clearly. The medical and anesthetic interventions required for treatment of molar pregnancy are reviewed. Of molar pregnancies, 80% are uncomplicated and follow an unremarkable course. However, for the remaining 20%, complications can be severe and may lead to substantial morbidity and mortality in otherwise healthy women. PMID:11759139

Celeski, D; Micho, J; Walters, L

2001-02-01

54

Excess molar volumes and excess molar enthalpies of quinoline + aromatic hydrocarbons at 303. 15 K  

SciTech Connect

Excess molar volumes V[sub m][sup E] and excess molar enthalpies H[sub m][sup E][sub m] for quinoline + benzene, toluene, o-xylene, or p-xylene for the whole range of compositions have been measured at 303.15 K. The values of H[sub m][sup E] and V[sub m][sup E] for these mixtures suggest that quinoline is partly self-associated and there is strong interaction (weak hydrogen bonding) between quinoline and aromatic hydrocarbons. The values of V[sub m][sup E] and H[sub m][sup E] have also been computed from the Flory and Abe theory and Sanchez and Lacombe theory as well as from the Graph theory. All the theories correctly predict the sign or magnitude of H[sub m][sup E]. Only the Graph theory is able to predict correctly the sign or magnitude of V[sub m][sup E]; the other theories give a poor estimate of V[sub m][sup E].

Kalra, K.C.; Singh, K.C.; Spah, D.C.; Batra, R.; Maken, S. (Maharshi Dayanand Univ., Rohtak (India). Dept. of Chemistry)

1993-01-01

55

Molar heat capacity and entropy of calcium metal  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The heat capacity of calcium has been measured at 85 mean temperatures between T ??? 8 K and T ??? 369 K using an adiabatically-shielded calorimeter in an intermittent heating mode. At T = 298.15 K, the recommended values for the molar heat capacity, molar entropy, and molar enthalpy increment referred to T = 0 are (25.77 ?? 0.08) J??K-1??mol-1, (42.90 ?? 0.11) J??K-1??mol-1, and (5811 ?? 12) J??mol-1, respectively. The uncertainties are twice the standard deviation of the mean. ?? 1997 Academic Press Limited.

Hemingway, B.S.; Robie, R.A.; Chase, M.W.

1997-01-01

56

Revascularization/Regeneration performed in immature molars: case reports.  

PubMed

These 3 case reports the outcome of revascularization treatment in necrotic immature molars. During treatment, a tri antibiotic mix was used to disinfect the pulp for 2 weeks. Then a blood clot was created in the canal, over which mineral trioxide aggregate was placed. After 24 months, the immature molars showed continuation of root development. The patients were asymptomatic, no sinus tracts were evident and apical periodontitis was resolved Results from these cases show that revascularization/regeneration using 3Mix-MP method could be effective for managing immature permanent molar teeth with pulpal necrosis. PMID:23855165

Sönmez, I S; Akbay Oba, A; Erkmen Almaz, M

2013-01-01

57

Lingual Guttering Technique for Removal of Impacted Mandibular Third Molars  

PubMed Central

Background: To assess the clinical feasibility of lingual bone guttering technique for surgical extraction of mandibular third molars. Materials and Methods: 20 patients with thick lingual cortical plate were included in the study. Surgical extraction of mandibular third molars by lingual bone guttering technique was performed in all the subjects. These subjects were evaluated for integrity of lingual cortical plate and sensation of lingual nerve postoperatively. Results: All extractions done by lingual bone guttering technique were clinically feasible to perform and no complications were seen. Conclusion: Lingual bone guttering technique can be used safely in extraction of mandibular third molars with thick lingual cortical plate. PMID:25214725

Kale, Tejraj P; Pandit, Vikram S; Patil, Shankargouda; Pawar, Vivek; Shetty, Nisha

2014-01-01

58

Functional Patterns of Molar Occlusion in Platyrrhine Primates  

E-print Network

mechanics . Dentition Molars . Occlusion Tooth wear Platyrrhine. ABSTRACT Mechanico-functional features the particular kinds of insects fed upon by the different genera and the de- tailed characters of the dentition

Rosenberger, Alfred H.

59

Partial Molar Volume of Helium Dissolved in Hydrogen  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have determined the partial molar volume v ^' of helium dissolved in hydrogen, by analyzing existing data on the concentrations of the liquid and the coexisting vapor phase at high pressures. The partial molar volume can be found from the chemical potential of the helium in solution (v ^' =?2/ p |T,X2, where ?2 is the chemical potential of the helium in solution, and X2 its concentration), and the chemical potential can be determined from pressure and the concentration of the vapor phase, after applying virial corrections. Both v ^' and the virial terms lead to corrections to Henry's law. Over the range studied (0-50 bar and 15.5-29 K), we find that the partial molar volume of helium is equal to the molar volume of pure hydrogen, within a few percent. The results are relevant to recent experiment on the wetting of cesium by helium/hydrogen solutions, and may also have astrophysical applications.

Smith, Madeline; Pettersen, M. S.

2009-03-01

60

Determining Molar Combining Ratios Using Radioisotopes--A Student Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines an experimental procedure in which an iodine radioisotope is used to determine molar combining ratios of lead and silver with the iodine. Tables and graphs show the definitive results that should be attainable. (CP)

Sears, Jerry A.

1976-01-01

61

Influence of molar ratios on properties of magnesium oxychloride cement  

SciTech Connect

A parametric study has been conducted to investigate the influences of the molar ratios of MgO/MgCl{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O/MgCl{sub 2} on the properties of magnesium oxychloride (MOC) cement. By an integrated assessment of the experimental studies of strength development and X-ray diffractograms, together with application of the relevant phase diagram, it is recognized that the molar ratios of MgO/MgCl{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O/MgCl{sub 2} can significantly affect the properties of MOC cement. For a MOC cement paste possessing a dominance of 5MgO.MgCl{sub 2}.8H{sub 2}O (phase 5) crystals, the molar ratios of MgO/MgCl{sub 2} of 11-17 and H{sub 2}O/MgCl{sub 2} of 12-18 are found to be the most favorite ranges for design purpose. The choose of the molar ratio of H{sub 2}O/MgCl{sub 2} is, however, largely depends on the molar ratio of MgO/MgCl{sub 2} mainly for controlling workability of paste. Therefore, the most critical parameter to be selected in the design process is the molar ratio of MgO/MgCl{sub 2}, although the reactivity of the MgO powder is also important. Besides, the molar ratio can also be affected by the reactivity of the MgO powder to be employed. It is believed that a molar ratio of MgO/MgCl{sub 2} of 13, the most suitable one shown in this study, can be used as a starting point in the normal practice.

Li Zongjin [Department of Civil Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong (China)]. E-mail: zongjin@ust.hk; Chau, C.K. [Department of Civil Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong (China)

2007-06-15

62

Patients' perception of recovery after third molar surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: This study evaluated patients' perceptions of recovery after third molar surgery.Methods: Two hundred forty-nine patients (age 13 to 37 years) at 2 clinical centers were enrolled in a prospective study before the surgical removal of third molars. Each patient was given a 21-item Health-Related Quality of Life instrument (HRQOL) to be completed each postoperative day (POD) for 14 days.

Shawn M Conrad; George H Blakey; Daniel A Shugars; Robert D Marciani; Ceib Phillips; Raymond P White

1999-01-01

63

Management of a partial molar pregnancy: a case study report.  

PubMed

Partial molar pregnancy with coexisting fetus is a rare complication of pregnancy and carries significant risks to both the mother and the fetus. Maternal risks include abnormal bleeding and the development of preeclampsia. The fetus frequently develops abnormally, often due to abnormal karyotype. This case presents a woman with a partial molar pregnancy with coexisting fetus, including diagnosis, plan of care, and delivery information. PMID:19474581

Drummond, Susan; Fritz, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

64

Preliminary Evaluation of Sodium Hypochlorite for Pulpotomies in Primary Molars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of 5% sodium hypo- chlorite (NaOCl) to that of ferric sulfate (FeSO4) as a pulpotomy medicament in decayed primary molars. Methods: Healthy subjects between 4 and 9 years with at least 2 primary molars need- ing pulpotomy consented to receive either NaOCl or FeSO4 and restoration with IRM base\\/stainless

Kaaren G. Vargas; Brett Packham; David Lowman

2006-01-01

65

Root canal morphology of South Asian Indian maxillary molar teeth  

PubMed Central

Objective: The objective was to study the root canal morphology of South Asian Indian Maxillary molars using a tooth clearing technique. Materials and Methods: Hundred teeth each comprising of first, second, and third molars collected from different dental schools and clinics in India were subjected to standard dye penetration, decalcification and clearing procedure before being studied. Results: The first molar mesiobuccal roots exhibited 69% Type I, 24% Type II, 4% Type IV, 2% Type V, and 1% exhibited a Vertuccis Type VIII canal anatomy. In the group with three separate roots the second molar mesiobuccal roots in exhibited 80.6% Type I, 15.3% Type II, 2.7% Type IV, and 1.4% Type V canal anatomy while the third molars mesiobuccal roots exhibited 57.4% Type I, 32% Type II, 2.1% Type III, 8.5% Type IV, 1% had a Type V canal anatomy in the similar group. Conclusion: A varied root canal anatomy was seen in the mesiobuccal root canal of the maxillary molars. PMID:25713497

Singh, Shishir; Pawar, Mansing

2015-01-01

66

Prevalence of Taurodont molars in a North Indian population  

PubMed Central

Background: It is very important for dentists to be familiar with anomalies of teeth not only for the clinical complications but also their management. Taurodontism also provides a valuable clue in detecting its association with various syndromes and other systemic conditions. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of Taurodont molars among a North Indian population. Materials and Methods: A total of 1000 patients’ full-mouth periapical radiographs were screened. The radiographs were evaluated under optimal conditions using double magnifying glasses. A total of 7615 molars (including third molars) were evaluated. The relative incidence and the correlations regarding the location of Taurodont teeth (right versus left side and maxillary versus mandibular) were analyzed using the Chi-square test. Results: Twenty-eight patients were found to have a Taurodont molar (11 women and 17 men [P = 0.250]). The prevalence of Taurodont molar was 2.8%. Males had a higher prevalence rate than females (3.4% vs. 2.2%, respectively). A cluster analysis of total Taurodonts in the mandible (45%) versus maxilla (55%) of both males and females combined showed a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The occurrence of Taurodontism is basically based on racial expression in different populations. These variations in prevalence between different populations may be due to ethnic variations. The occurrence of Taurodont molars among this Indian population was rare.

Bharti, Ramesh; Chandra, Anil; Tikku, Aseem Prakash; Arya, Deeksha

2015-01-01

67

Finite Element Reconstruction of a Mandibular First Molar  

PubMed Central

Introduction Mandibular first molar is the most important tooth with complicated morphology. In finite element (FE) studies, investigators usually prefer to model anterior teeth with a simple and single straight root; it makes the results deviate from the actual case. The most complicated and time-consuming step in FE studies is modeling of the desired tooth, thus this study was performed to establish a finite element method (FEM) of reconstructing a mandibular first molar with the greatest precision. Materials and Methods An extracted mandibular first molar was digitized, and then radiographed from different aspects to achieve its outer and inner morphology. The solid model of tooth and root canals were constructed according to this data as well as the anatomy of mandibular first molar described in the literature. Result A three-dimensional model of mandibular first molar was created, giving special consideration to shape and root canal system dimensions. Conclusion This model may constitute a basis for investigating the effect of different clinical situations on mandibular first molars in vitro, especially on its root canal system. The method described here seems feasible and reasonably precise foundation for investigations. PMID:23717327

Ehsani, Sara; Mirhashemi, Fatemeh Sadat; Asgary, Saeed

2013-01-01

68

Genetic integration of molar cusp size variation in baboons  

PubMed Central

Many studies of primate diversity and evolution rely on dental morphology for insight into diet, behavior, and phylogenetic relationships. Consequently, variation in molar cusp size has increasingly become a phenotype of interest. In 2007 we published a quantitative genetic analysis of mandibular molar cusp size variation in baboons. Those results provided more questions than answers, as the pattern of genetic integration did not fit predictions from odontogenesis. To follow up, we expanded our study to include data from the maxillary molar cusps. Here we report on these later analyses, as well as inter-arch comparisons with the mandibular data. We analyzed variation in two-dimensional maxillary molar cusp size using data collected from a captive pedigreed breeding colony of baboons, Papio hamadryas, housed at the Southwest National Primate Research Center. These analyses show that variation in maxillary molar cusp size is heritable and sexually dimorphic. We also estimated additive genetic correlations between cusps on the same crown, homologous cusps along the tooth row, and maxillary and mandibular cusps. The pattern for maxillary molars yields genetic correlations of one between the paracone-metacone and protocone-hypocone. Bivariate analyses of cuspal homologues on adjacent teeth yield correlations that are high or not significantly different from one. Between dental arcades, the non-occluding cusps consistently yield high genetic correlations, especially the metaconid-paracone and metaconid-metacone. This pattern of genetic correlation does not immediately accord with the pattern of development and/or calcification, however these results do follow predictions that can be made from the evolutionary history of the tribosphenic molar. PMID:20034010

Koh, Christina; Bates, Elizabeth; Broughton, Elizabeth; Do, Nicholas T.; Fletcher, Zachary; Mahaney, Michael C.; Hlusko, Leslea J.

2010-01-01

69

Emergence of the deciduous canines and molars in CLP children.  

PubMed

The emergence of the deciduous canines and molars was investigated as part of a longitudinal study into the emergence of the deciduous dentition in Dutch cleft lip and/or palate children (CLP) (Kramer et al., 1989). The study comprised a group of 71 CLP children and 74 normal children that served as a control. Mean emergence ages of the deciduous upper and lower canines and molars were studied. Emergence of the deciduous primary molar on the cleft side was delayed 2 months in the upper jaw and 1 month in the lower jaw in children with an unilateral cleft lip and palate. The deciduous primary molar on the non-cleft side was not delayed as compared with normal children. Local anatomical relationships could be a possible explanation for these findings. The deciduous canines and secondary molars in both jaws showed no significant differences in mean emergence ages as compared with the control group, nor between the different cleft types. No sex differences were found in any of the groups. A table is presented containing the mean emergence ages of all the teeth of the deciduous dentition for the various CLP-groups, divided in cleft and non-cleft side, and the control group. PMID:8436198

Kramer, G J; Hoeksma, J B; Prahl-Andersen, B

1993-02-01

70

Masticatory function following implants replacing a second molar  

PubMed Central

Purpose The aim of this study was to obtain objective and standardized information on masticatory function and patient satisfaction following second molar single implant therapy. Methods Twenty adult patients, who had restored second molar single implants more than 1 month before the study, were enrolled in this study. All patients received a chewing test using peanuts before and after insertion of the implant prosthesis, with a questionnaire and visual analogue scale (VAS) to evaluate the effect of second molar single implant therapy. Results This study obtained standardized information on the masticatory function objectively (e.g., P, R, X50) before (Pre-insertion) and after insertion (Post-insertion) of the implant prosthesis. Masticatory performance (P) after insertion of the implant prosthesis significantly increased from 67.8±9.9 to 84.3±8.5% (P<0.0001). With the implant prosthesis, the P value increased by 24%. The masticatory efficiency index (R) of Post-insertion is higher than that of Pre-insertion (P<0.0001). With the implant prosthesis, the R value increased by 29%. The median particle size (X50) of Post-insertion is lower than that of Pre-insertion (P<0.0001). More than 90% of the patients were satisfied with the second molar single implant therapy from a functional point of view. Conclusions These findings indicate that a second molar single implant can increase masticatory function. PMID:21556258

Kim, Moon-Sun; Lee, Jae-Kwan; Chang, Beom-Seok

2011-01-01

71

Correlations between elastic moduli and molar volume in metallic glasses  

SciTech Connect

We report clear correlations between bulk modulus (K) and average molar volume V{sub m}, and between Poisson's ratio {nu} and V{sub m} for various bulk metallic glasses. The origin for the correlations between elastic moduli and V{sub m} are discussed. The established correlation, associated with Poisson's ratio {nu}, and since the {nu} correlates with plasticity of metallic glasses, indicates that the average molar volume is important factor to be considered for plastic metallic glasses searching. The found correlations also suggest a close relation between the mechanical properties and the short-range atomic bonding, and assist in understanding deformation behavior in metallic glasses.

Wang, J. Q.; Wang, W. H.; Yu, H. B.; Bai, H. Y. [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2009-03-23

72

Treatment of Ectopic Mandibular Second Permanent Molar with Elastic Separators  

PubMed Central

Ectopic eruption is a developmental disturbance in which the tooth fails to follow its normal eruption pathway. Ectopic eruption of the second molar is relatively rare. This paper presents the case of thirteen-year-old male with an ectopic mandibular second permanent molar. The condition was corrected with surgical exposure and placement of elastic separators. This case report lays emphasis on the practice of basic methods to obtain acceptable results rather than extensive surgical or orthodontic corrections. It is advised that ectopic teeth should not be neglected especially when it concerns developing caries and malocclusion. PMID:25050182

Rajesh, R.; Naveen, V.; Amit, S.; Baroudi, Kusai; Sampath Reddy, C.; Namineni, Srinivas

2014-01-01

73

Clinical analysis of molar fissures by Cone-beam tomography.  

PubMed

This study aimed to validate clinical analysis of 20 pediatric dentists on occlusal groove-fossa-system of molar depth comparing to Cone-beam tomography. The 48 sound third molars were visually classified from the shallowest to the deepest. Images were taken from the Accuitomo 3DX. There was a fair correlation between clinical analysis and the tomographic scorings (rs = 0.238; P = 0.103). It was concluded that pediatric dentists were not able to classify the fissures depth by visual analysis correctly. PMID:19161057

Cruvinel, V R N; Azevedo, B C; Gravina, D B L; Toledo, O A; Bezerra, A C B

2007-01-01

74

Endodontic Management of a Maxillary Molar with Three Mesiobuccal Canals  

PubMed Central

It is imperative that the clinician should have comprehensive knowledge about the normal anatomy and its variations of the teeth as the deviations from the usual are very common. An increased awareness of unusual anatomy and a better understanding of the root canal system guide the clinician in accurate diagnosis and treatment of such variations in order to achieve a successful endodontic outcome. The maxillary first molar has been shown to have a wide variation in respect to the number of canals specifically noted in the mesiobuccal root. The current case report shows the successful management of a maxillary molar in which the mesiobuccal root had three canals. PMID:25505997

Gundam, Sirisha; Maddu, Radhika; Gurram, Sindhura Reddy

2014-01-01

75

[Recurrent hydatidiform mole. Case report of 9 successive molar pregnancies].  

PubMed

The recurrent hydatiform mole is rare, its frequency is lower to 1%. We report the observation of a 28 years old women. without antecedents of molar pregnancy in the family and without considerable pathological antecedents. She had 9 successive molar pregnancies, without inset normal pregnancies and without living children. The delay of at least 1 year between the gestations has been respected in 6 pregnancies. The etiologic balance in particular the caryotypes of parents is normal. The authors debate the étiopathogénic and prognostic factors of this pathology. PMID:17175694

Sahraoui, Wassila; Hajji, Saloua; Haouas, Noureddine; Ladib, Noura; Essafi, Adel; Hmissa, Sihem; Bibi, Mohamed; Khairi, Hedi

2006-08-01

76

RESEARCH Open Access Half-molar sodium lactate infusion improves  

E-print Network

ejection fraction respiratory failure of predominantly cardiac origin. There were no significant differences in the need for vasoactive therapy, respiratory support, renal or liver of half-molar sodium lactate improved cardiac performance and led to metabolic alkalosis in AHF patients

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

77

ABSENCE OF SEXUAL DIMORPHISM IN MOLAR MORPHOLOGY OF MUSKRATS  

E-print Network

ABSENCE OF SEXUAL DIMORPHISM IN MOLAR MORPHOLOGY OF MUSKRATS PATRICK J. LEWIS,1 Department Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA Abstract: The muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus) lives in both modern. If sexual dimorphism is present in muskrats, what is known about their interaction with the environment may

Strauss, Richard E.

78

Mathematical analysis of furcation angle in extracted mandibular molars  

PubMed Central

Background: Multi-rooted teeth with furcation involvement exhibit a poorer prognosis when compared to single rooted teeth. The furcation angle (formed by the divergent roots and the roof) may exert a considerable influence on the accessibility for both home care maintenance and instrumentation during periodontal therapy. As there are few anatomy based reports, the furcation angle has not yet been delineated. Materials and Methods: Furcation angle (FA) was mathematically evaluated in extracted mandibular first and second molar teeth, using the Computer-aided design - computer-aided manufacturing technology. Results: The furcations were divided into three groups (Group I: <30°, Group II: 30°-60°, Group III: >60°) based on the furcation angle and their prevalence. The first molar showed greater prevalence of group II FA, while second molar showed a greater prevalence of group III FA. Conclusion: Linear, two dimensional measurements may not accurately reflect the complexities of the furcation area which exhibits considerable intermolar and intramolar (buccal and lingual furcations of second molar) variation. PMID:23633776

James, Johnson R.; Arun, K. V.; Talwar, Avaneendra; Kumar, T. S. S.

2013-01-01

79

Variations in the mechanical properties of Alouatta palliata molar enamel.  

PubMed

Teeth have provided insights into many topics including primate diet, paleobiology, and evolution, due to the fact that they are largely composed of inorganic materials and may remain intact long after an animal is deceased. Previous studies have reported that the mechanical properties, chemistry, and microstructure of human enamel vary with location. This study uses nanoindentation to map out the mechanical properties of Alouatta palliata molar enamel on an axial cross-section of an unworn permanent third molar, a worn permanent first molar, and a worn deciduous first molar. Variations were then correlated with changes in microstructure and chemistry using scanning electron microscopy and electron microprobe techniques. The hardness and Young's modulus varied with location throughout the cross-sections from the occlusal surface to the dentin-enamel junction (DEJ), from the buccal to lingual sides, and also from one tooth to another. These changes in mechanical properties correlated with changes in the organic content of the tooth, which was shown to increase from approximately 6% near the occlusal surface to approximately 20% just before the DEJ. Compared to human enamel, the Alouatta enamel showed similar microstructures, chemical constituents, and magnitudes of mechanical properties, but showed less variation in hardness and Young's modulus, despite the very different diet of this species. PMID:19672851

Darnell, Laura A; Teaford, Mark F; Livi, Kenneth J T; Weihs, Timothy P

2010-01-01

80

Solutions : WtPercentToMolarity (4 Variations)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A common concentration unit used commercially is percent weight per volume (%W/V) which is the number of grams of solute in 100 mL of solution. A bottle of vinegar contains 5 %W/V acetic acid (CH 3 COOH). What is the molar concentration of acetic acid in the vinegar?

81

Mandibular third molar surgery with primary closure and tube drain  

Microsoft Academic Search

The insertion of a small surgical tube drain with primary wound closure (drain group) was compared to a simple primary wound closure (no drain group) after removal of impacted third molars. Surgery was performed on 23 patients in a randomized cross-over fashion. The operation time was found to be significantly longer and mouth opening significantly wider in the immediate postoperative

Sutas Rakprasitkul; Verasak Pairuchvej

1997-01-01

82

Management of Six Root Canals in Mandibular First Molar  

PubMed Central

Success in root canal treatment is achieved after thorough cleaning, shaping, and obturation of the root canal system. This clinical case describes conventional root canal treatment of an unusual mandibular first molar with six root canals. The prognosis for endodontic treatment in teeth with abnormal morphology is unfavorable if the clinician fails to recognize extra root canals. PMID:25685156

Gomes, Fabio de Almeida; Sousa, Bruno Carvalho

2015-01-01

83

DNA Templated Synthesis (DTS) -Nature's effective molarity based approach-  

E-print Network

Translation DNA RNA Protein Replication mRNA tRNA Nucleic acid templated synthesis plays a important roleDNA Templated Synthesis (DTS) -Nature's effective molarity based approach- Organic Seminar 27th May of many reactants in one solution macromolecule- templated synthesis selective product formation one

Katsumoto, Shingo

84

In vivo subcellular localization of Mal de Rio Cuarto virus (MRCV) non-structural proteins in insect cells reveals their putative functions  

SciTech Connect

The in vivo subcellular localization of Mal de Rio Cuarto virus (MRCV, Fijivirus, Reoviridae) non-structural proteins fused to GFP was analyzed by confocal microscopy. P5-1 showed a cytoplasmic vesicular-like distribution that was lost upon deleting its PDZ binding TKF motif, suggesting that P5-1 interacts with cellular PDZ proteins. P5-2 located at the nucleus and its nuclear import was affected by the deletion of its basic C-termini. P7-1 and P7-2 also entered the nucleus and therefore, along with P5-2, could function as regulators of host gene expression. P6 located in the cytoplasm and in perinuclear cloud-like inclusions, was driven to P9-1 viroplasm-like structures and co-localized with P7-2, P10 and {alpha}-tubulin, suggesting its involvement in viroplasm formation and viral intracellular movement. Finally, P9-2 was N-glycosylated and located at the plasma membrane in association with filopodia-like protrusions containing actin, suggesting a possible role in virus cell-to-cell movement and spread.

Maroniche, Guillermo A.; Mongelli, Vanesa C.; Llauger, Gabriela; Alfonso, Victoria; Taboga, Oscar [Instituto de Biotecnologia, CICVyA, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria (IB-INTA), Las cabanas y Los Reseros s/n. Hurlingham Cp 1686, Buenos Aires (Argentina)] [Instituto de Biotecnologia, CICVyA, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria (IB-INTA), Las cabanas y Los Reseros s/n. Hurlingham Cp 1686, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Vas, Mariana del, E-mail: mdelvas@cnia.inta.gov.ar [Instituto de Biotecnologia, CICVyA, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria (IB-INTA), Las cabanas y Los Reseros s/n. Hurlingham Cp 1686, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2012-09-01

85

Partial Molar Volumes for Lanthanide Sesquioxides in Sodium Silicate Melts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lanthanides are of great interest in igneous petrology as trace indicators of magmatic processes that control the origin and evolution of igneous rocks. A key to the petrogenetic modelling of magmatic processes and to determine the phase diagrams of lanthanide host phases is the accurate determination of the physico-chemical and thermodynamic properties of lanthanide-containing materials, such as the volumetric properties of lanthanide-bearing silicate melts. Therefore, we have undertaken to provide a new reliable volumetric data set for lanthanide-bearing silicate melts which allows the available models in the literature to be extended to lanthanide-bearing melts. For this purpose, the densities of various lanthanide-bearing silicate melts distributed along various pseudo-binary joins, where the end-members are Na-disilicate and one of the lanthanide sesquioxides (i.e., Ce2O3, Pr2O3, Nd2O3, Sm2O3, Eu2O3, Gd2O3, Tb2O3, Dy2O3, Ho2O3, Er2O3, Tm2O3 and Yb2O3), have been measured using the double-bob Archimedean method. The present results show that the addition of any lanthanide to Na-disilicate leads to an increase in the melt density and that the melt density increases with increasing atomic number of the lanthanide. From the present density data set, the molar volumes of these melts have been calculated and the partial molar volumes of each lanthanide sesquioxide in these melts have been determined using a linear regression through each pseudo-binary join (i.e., Na-disilicate - lanthanide sesquioxide). This study indicates ideal behaviour with respect to the molar volume (i.e., a linear variation of the molar volume along each pseudo-binary join) for Na-silicate melts containing up to 10 mol% of lanthanide oxide. Comparison between the partial molar volumes of lanthanide sesquioxides obtained in this study and the molar volumes of molten lanthanide sesquioxides given in the literature raise the possibility however that this ideality is not maintained along the entire Na-disilicate - lanthanide sesquioxide pseudo-binary joins. Excess volumes of mixing appear to be required to describe the combined volumetric data set.

Courtial, P.; Dingwell, D. B.

2004-12-01

86

Complication of Invasive Molar Pregnancy with Clostridium perfringens Sepsis.  

PubMed

Clostridium perfringens (CP) is an anaerobic, Gram-positive bacillus associated with malignant diseases and near-term pregnancies. The necrotic tissue that results from these disease processes fuels the proliferation of CP, leading to gas gangrene and subsequently sepsis. Herein, we report a case of a 41-year-old female patient with a history of invasive molar pregnancy that was further complicated with a CP infection. Although past research has shown a link between Clostridium infection and choriocarcinoma (Chern-Horng and Hsieh, 1999), no previous cases of CP infection have been associated with invasive molar pregnancy. We also report complete resolution of the CP sepsis and its associated symptoms following the hysterectomy. PMID:24716030

Singh, Sanmeet; Angra, Kunal; Davis, Bonnie; Shokrani, Babak

2014-01-01

87

Thermal Correction to the Molar Polarizability of a Boltzmann Gas  

E-print Network

Metrology in atomic physics has been crucial for a number of advanced determinations of fundamental constants. In addition to very precise frequency measurements, the molar polarizability of an atomic gas has recently also been measured very accurately. Part of the motivation for the measurements is due to ongoing efforts to redefine the International System of Units (SI) for which an accurate value of the Boltzmann constant is needed. Here, we calculate the dominant shift of the molar polarizability in an atomic gas due to thermal effects. It is given by the relativistic correction to the dipole interaction, which emerges when the probing electric field is Lorenz transformed into the rest frame of the atoms that undergo thermal motion. While this effect is small when compared to currently available experimental accuracy, the relativistic correction to the dipole interaction is much larger than the thermal shift of the polarizability induced by blackbody radiation.

Jentschura, U D; Mohr, P J

2013-01-01

88

Thermal correction to the molar polarizability of a Boltzmann gas  

SciTech Connect

Metrology in atomic physics has been crucial for a number of advanced determinations of fundamental constants. In addition to very precise frequency measurements, the molar polarizability of an atomic gas has recently also been measured very accurately. Part of the motivation for the measurements is due to ongoing efforts to redefine the International System of Units (SI), for which an accurate value of the Boltzmann constant is needed. Here we calculate the dominant shift of the molar polarizability in an atomic gas due to thermal effects. It is given by the relativistic correction to the dipole interaction, which emerges when the probing electric field is Lorentz transformed into the rest frame of the atoms that undergo thermal motion. While this effect is small when compared to currently available experimental accuracy, the relativistic correction to the dipole interaction is much larger than the thermal shift of the polarizability induced by blackbody radiation.

Jentschura, U. D. [Department of Physics, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, Missouri 65409-0640 (United States); Puchalski, M. [Department of Physics, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, Missouri 65409-0640 (United States); Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University, Grunwaldzka 6, PL-60-780 Poznan (Poland); Mohr, P. J. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8420 (United States)

2011-12-15

89

Thermal Correction to the Molar Polarizability of a Boltzmann Gas  

E-print Network

Metrology in atomic physics has been crucial for a number of advanced determinations of fundamental constants. In addition to very precise frequency measurements, the molar polarizability of an atomic gas has recently also been measured very accurately. Part of the motivation for the measurements is due to ongoing efforts to redefine the International System of Units (SI) for which an accurate value of the Boltzmann constant is needed. Here, we calculate the dominant shift of the molar polarizability in an atomic gas due to thermal effects. It is given by the relativistic correction to the dipole interaction, which emerges when the probing electric field is Lorenz transformed into the rest frame of the atoms that undergo thermal motion. While this effect is small when compared to currently available experimental accuracy, the relativistic correction to the dipole interaction is much larger than the thermal shift of the polarizability induced by blackbody radiation.

U. D. Jentschura; M. Puchalski; P. J. Mohr

2013-09-09

90

Complication of Invasive Molar Pregnancy with Clostridium perfringens Sepsis  

PubMed Central

Clostridium perfringens (CP) is an anaerobic, Gram-positive bacillus associated with malignant diseases and near-term pregnancies. The necrotic tissue that results from these disease processes fuels the proliferation of CP, leading to gas gangrene and subsequently sepsis. Herein, we report a case of a 41-year-old female patient with a history of invasive molar pregnancy that was further complicated with a CP infection. Although past research has shown a link between Clostridium infection and choriocarcinoma (Chern-Horng and Hsieh, 1999), no previous cases of CP infection have been associated with invasive molar pregnancy. We also report complete resolution of the CP sepsis and its associated symptoms following the hysterectomy. PMID:24716030

Singh, Sanmeet; Angra, Kunal; Davis, Bonnie; Shokrani, Babak

2014-01-01

91

Molar distalization with the assistance of Temporary Anchorage Devices.  

PubMed

This article describes efficient techniques for distalization of maxillary and mandibular molars with the assistance of Temporary Anchorage Devices (TADs). There are numerous occasions where the distalization of molars is required in lieu of the odontectomy of bicuspids. In the past, extra-oral force has been used, (i.e. Cervical or Combination Head Gear, or intra-oral force, i.e. Posterior Sagittal Appliance, Modified Greenfield Appliance, Williams DMJ 20001, CD Distalizer, Magill Sagittal, Pendulum Appliance, etc.). All the intra-oral appliances have a common denominator the orthodontic clinician has to deal with, the undesirable expression of the Third Law of Newton. The utilization of TADs allows us to circumvent this shortcoming, establishing an absolute anchorage, and thus completely negate the expression of the Third Law of Newton. PMID:25881377

Palencar, Adrian J

2015-01-01

92

Five Canalled and Three-Rooted Primary Second Mandibular Molar  

PubMed Central

A thorough knowledge of root canal anatomy and its variation is necessary for successful completion of root canal procedures. Morphological variations such as additional root canals in human deciduous dentition are rare. A mandibular second primary molar with more than four canals is an interesting example of anatomic variations, especially when three of these canals are located in the distal root. This case shows a rare anatomic configuration and points out the importance of looking for additional canals. PMID:25147744

Selvakumar, Haridoss; Kavitha, Swaminathan; Bharathan, Rajendran; Varghese, Jacob Sam

2014-01-01

93

Articaine Infiltration for Anesthesia of Mandibular First Molars  

Microsoft Academic Search

A randomized, controlled trial of 31 healthy volunteers compared 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine buccal infiltration to buccal plus lingual infiltration of the same dose of drug in achieving pulpal anesthesia of mandibular first molar teeth. Data were compared with efficacy of an inferior alveolar nerve block using 2% lidocaine 1:80,000 epinephrine in a cohort of 27 of the volunteers.

Ian P. Corbett; Mohammad D. Kanaa; John M. Whitworth; John G. Meechan

94

No benefit from prophylactic antibiotics in third molar surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

DesignThis was a randomised controlled trial in a hospital environment.InterventionAfter surgical removal of third molars postoperative treatment was with oral amoxicillin–clavulanic acid (AC) or clindamycin (CL) or no antibiotics (C). The surgical technique was the same in all cases, and the follow-up period was 4 weeks.Outcome measureParameters evaluated were pain, differences in mouth opening, infection, the occurrence of dry socket,

Mike Hill

2005-01-01

95

Partial molar volumes of amino acid derivatives in water  

Microsoft Academic Search

The partial molar volumes at infinite dilution for a number of hydrochlorides and sodium salts of N-methyl derivatives of a, ?-aminocarboxylic acids in water at 25°C are measured and related to their van der Waals volumes. Results indicate that 4.96±0.48 water molecules hydrate a betaine hydrochloride. Volumes of proton ionization and interaction terms are evaluated. Group contributions to the partial

Fereidoon Shahidi

1983-01-01

96

Partial molar volume of water in phonolitic glasses and liquids  

Microsoft Academic Search

The volumes and expansivities of four hydrous phonolite glasses and liquids have been measured by dilatometry from 300 K up to the glass transition and over a 50 K interval just above the glass transition. The partial molar volume of water is independent of the water content for the glass and liquid phases, with values of about 11.0ǂ.5 and 17.1ǂ.9

Ali M. Bouhifd; Alan Whittington; Pascal Richet

2001-01-01

97

Beyond the molar-molecular distinction: we need multiscaled analyses.  

PubMed

Dinsmoor's (2001) adherence to molecular analyses may require him to assert that molar and molecular principles are mutually exclusive, but to instead analyze the phenomena of avoidance as inherently multiscaled is to follow a well-established practice in the natural sciences. Besides the issue of scale, two-factor theory, which Dinsmoor advocates, has little to say about some important and longstanding results in experiments that qualify as avoidance. PMID:11453624

Hineline, P N

2001-05-01

98

Bone Carbonate and the Ca to P Molar Ratio  

Microsoft Academic Search

IT is customary to consider the bone salt either as hydroxy-apatite or as tribasic calcium phosphate, principally on the basis of stoichiometric and X-ray diffraction studies1. Nonetheless, the observed molar ratio of Ca\\/P in the bone salt in most vertebrates is quite variable, and is usually in excess of 1.67, which is the ratio one would expect for hydroxyapatite2-4. Few

Edmund D. Pellegrino; Robert M. Biltz

1968-01-01

99

Extrusion of impacted mandibular second molar using removable appliance  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this article is to review the principles of case management of impacted mandibular molars and to illustrate their potential to respond well to treatment. Although the scope of treatment may be influenced by the patient's age, past dental history, severity of impaction, dentoalveolar development, and root form, the case reports demonstrate the inherent potential for good treatment outcome even in the most unfavorable circumstances. PMID:25210378

Karthikeyan, M. K.; Prabhakar, Ramachandran; Saravanan, R.; Vikram, N. Raj; Kumar, R. Vinoth; Prasath, R. Eshwara

2014-01-01

100

Molar Macrowear Reveals Neanderthal Eco-Geographic Dietary Variation  

PubMed Central

Neanderthal diets are reported to be based mainly on the consumption of large and medium sized herbivores, while the exploitation of other food types including plants has also been demonstrated. Though some studies conclude that early Homo sapiens were active hunters, the analyses of faunal assemblages, stone tool technologies and stable isotopic studies indicate that they exploited broader dietary resources than Neanderthals. Whereas previous studies assume taxon-specific dietary specializations, we suggest here that the diet of both Neanderthals and early Homo sapiens is determined by ecological conditions. We analyzed molar wear patterns using occlusal fingerprint analysis derived from optical 3D topometry. Molar macrowear accumulates during the lifespan of an individual and thus reflects diet over long periods. Neanderthal and early Homo sapiens maxillary molar macrowear indicates strong eco-geographic dietary variation independent of taxonomic affinities. Based on comparisons with modern hunter-gatherer populations with known diets, Neanderthals as well as early Homo sapiens show high dietary variability in Mediterranean evergreen habitats but a more restricted diet in upper latitude steppe/coniferous forest environments, suggesting a significant consumption of high protein meat resources. PMID:21445243

Fiorenza, Luca; Benazzi, Stefano; Tausch, Jeremy; Kullmer, Ottmar; Bromage, Timothy G.; Schrenk, Friedemann

2011-01-01

101

Molar macrowear reveals Neanderthal eco-geographic dietary variation.  

PubMed

Neanderthal diets are reported to be based mainly on the consumption of large and medium sized herbivores, while the exploitation of other food types including plants has also been demonstrated. Though some studies conclude that early Homo sapiens were active hunters, the analyses of faunal assemblages, stone tool technologies and stable isotopic studies indicate that they exploited broader dietary resources than Neanderthals. Whereas previous studies assume taxon-specific dietary specializations, we suggest here that the diet of both Neanderthals and early Homo sapiens is determined by ecological conditions. We analyzed molar wear patterns using occlusal fingerprint analysis derived from optical 3D topometry. Molar macrowear accumulates during the lifespan of an individual and thus reflects diet over long periods. Neanderthal and early Homo sapiens maxillary molar macrowear indicates strong eco-geographic dietary variation independent of taxonomic affinities. Based on comparisons with modern hunter-gatherer populations with known diets, Neanderthals as well as early Homo sapiens show high dietary variability in Mediterranean evergreen habitats but a more restricted diet in upper latitude steppe/coniferous forest environments, suggesting a significant consumption of high protein meat resources. PMID:21445243

Fiorenza, Luca; Benazzi, Stefano; Tausch, Jeremy; Kullmer, Ottmar; Bromage, Timothy G; Schrenk, Friedemann

2011-01-01

102

Efficacy of Postoperative Prophylactic Antibiotic Therapy in Third Molar Surgery  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Surgical extraction of mandibular third molar is the most frequently performed procedure in oral surgery. This procedure is associated with significant postoperative sequelae such as trismus, swelling, pain and infection. The need of antibiotic therapy during the removal of mandibular third molar has been a contentious issue. Method: This study investigated a regimen by using amoxycillin and metronidazole in one group and without using antibiotics in the other. Both the groups were assessed postoperatively on the 1st, 2nd, 5th, 7th and 10th days by the same observer for post operative mouth opening (interincisal distance), presence of a purulent discharge at the site of surgery, pain and swelling. Result: Overall, no statistically significant difference was seen between both the treatment groups when interincisal distance, pain, swelling and purulent discharge were considered. Conclusion: The results of this study failed to show any advantage which was associated with the routine postoperative use of antibiotics in asymptomatic third molar surgeries. PMID:24995236

Reddy B, Praveen

2014-01-01

103

Determination of partial molar volumes from free energy perturbation theory.  

PubMed

Partial molar volume is an important thermodynamic property that gives insights into molecular size and intermolecular interactions in solution. Theoretical frameworks for determining the partial molar volume (V°) of a solvated molecule generally apply Scaled Particle Theory or Kirkwood-Buff theory. With the current abilities to perform long molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo simulations, more direct methods are gaining popularity, such as computing V° directly as the difference in computed volume from two simulations, one with a solute present and another without. Thermodynamically, V° can also be determined as the pressure derivative of the free energy of solvation in the limit of infinite dilution. Both approaches are considered herein with the use of free energy perturbation (FEP) calculations to compute the necessary free energies of solvation at elevated pressures. Absolute and relative partial molar volumes are computed for benzene and benzene derivatives using the OPLS-AA force field. The mean unsigned error for all molecules is 2.8 cm(3) mol(-1). The present methodology should find use in many contexts such as the development and testing of force fields for use in computer simulations of organic and biomolecular systems, as a complement to related experimental studies, and to develop a deeper understanding of solute-solvent interactions. PMID:25589343

Vilseck, Jonah Z; Tirado-Rives, Julian; Jorgensen, William L

2015-04-01

104

40 CFR 1066.610 - Mass-based and molar-based exhaust emission calculations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Mass-based and molar-based exhaust emission calculations. 1066.610 Section...PROCEDURES Calculations § 1066.610 Mass-based and molar-based exhaust emission calculations. (a)...

2012-07-01

105

40 CFR 1066.610 - Mass-based and molar-based exhaust emission calculations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Mass-based and molar-based exhaust emission calculations. 1066.610 Section...PROCEDURES Calculations § 1066.610 Mass-based and molar-based exhaust emission calculations. (a)...

2013-07-01

106

Extra-Oral Approach for Removal of Ectopic Impacted Lower Third Molar: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Extra oral approach for removal of the lower third molar is uncommon. This case report illustrates an example of removal of lower third molar by extra-oral approach preserving the inferior dental nerve. PMID:25584338

Vishnu, Priya; Kannadasan, Kamal; Kengagsubbiah, Srivatsa; Kumar, Senthil

2014-01-01

107

Anxiety before extraction of impacted lower third molars  

PubMed Central

Objetives: Assess levels of trait anxiety, state anxiety and dental anxiety before extraction of lower third molars and check the correlation and reliability of the scales used for the measurement of preoperative anxiety. Study Design: A prospective study of patients treated with extraction of a lower third molar between September 2010 to December 2010 was carried out. A total of 125 patients were included in the study. All of them were patients of the Oral Surgery and Implantology Department (Valencia University Medical and Dental School, Valencia, Spain). Before surgery, patients had to complete a preoperative protocol with 4 scales: the STAI-T (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Trait) for measuring trait anxiety, the STAI-S (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-State) for measuring state anxiety, and DAS (Dental anxiety Scale of N. Corah) and APAIS (Amsterdam Preoperative anxiety and Information Scale) for measuring dental anxiety. Results: Patients undergoing extractions of an impacted lower third molar showed low levels of trait anxiety and moderate levels of state anxiety and dental anxiety. Higher levels of trait anxiety were obtained for older patients. Women had higher mean levels of dental anxiety and state anxiety that men with a statistically significant difference in STAI-S scales, DAS, and APAIS. Patients with higher trait anxiety and state anxiety showed higher levels of dental anxiety. A significant correlation (p ? 0.01) (p = 0.00) was found between the four scales used to measure anxiety. The scale showed higher correlation was STAI-S scale. The 4 scales showed high reliability (? of C.> 0.80). Conclusions: Patients with highest levels of trait anxiety and state anxiety, had more dental anxiety. The STAI-T, STAI-S, DAS and APAIS scales provided useful information about anxiety before the extraction of lower impacted third molars. The STAI-S is the scale with highest correlation and reliability. Key words:Extraction of impacted lower third molars, preoperative anxiety, dental anxiety, trait anxiety, state anxiety. PMID:25662541

Tarazona, Beatriz; Tarazona-Álvarez, Pablo; Peñarrocha-Oltra, David; Rojo-Moreno, Juan

2015-01-01

108

Hypercementosis and concrescence of maxillary second molar with third molar: a case report and review of literature.  

PubMed

Concrescence signifies a rare developmental alteration, most commonly in maxillary molars,where two fully formed teeth with separate root canal structures are fused with cementum. Clinical detection is difficult due to lack of enamel involvement and radiographic detection may be challenging, as two dimensional images may be misdiagnosed as overlap, superimposition or close proximity of roots. Such a developmental anomaly can influence treatment outcomes for extraction, endodontic, periodontic, prosthodontic and orthodontic treatment. Legal complications could arise due to unexpected difficulties following treatment. Awareness of occurrence, incidence and post treatment implications of such anomalies is paramount for both the patient and clinician's benefit. This article discusses a case report of concrescence between two maxillary molar teeth and its management. PMID:24984682

Mohan, Bhavya

2014-06-01

109

Apparent molar and partial molar volumes of aqueous ceric ammonium nitrate solutions at 20, 25, 30, and 35°C  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Present paper reports the measured densities (?) and refractive indices ( n D) of aqueous solutions of ceric ammonium nitrate (CAN) at 20, 25, 30, and 35°C in different concentrations of solution. Apparent molar volumes (?v) have been calculated from the density data at different temperatures and fitted to Massons relation to get limiting partial molar volumes (?{v/0}) of CAN. Refractive index data were fitted to linear dependence over concentration of solutions and values of constant K and n {D/0} for different temperatures were evaluated. Specific refractions ( R D) of solutions were calculated from the refractive index and density data. Concentration and temperature effects on experimental and derived properties have been discussed in terms of structural interactions.

Deosarkar, S. D.; Wanale, S. G.; Shelke, M. P.

2014-07-01

110

Surgical extraction of mandibular third molar in pterygomandibular space: a case report  

PubMed Central

Impacted mandibular third molars are located between the second mandibular molar and mandibular ramus. However, ectopic mandibular third molars with heterotopic positions are reported in the subcondylar or pterygomandibular space. The usual cause of malposition is a cyst or tumor, and malposition without a pathology is rare. This case report described an impacted mandibular third molar in the pterygomandibular space without any associated pathology. PMID:24471052

Lee, Young-Kyu; Park, Sung-Soo

2013-01-01

111

Flow-induced chain scission as a physical route to narrowly distributed, high molar mass polymers  

E-print Network

Flow-induced chain scission as a physical route to narrowly distributed, high molar mass polymers experiments, semi-dilute aqueous solutions of high-molar mass, polydisperse polymers (PDI . 1.4) were injected decrease in PDI, to values as low as 1.12, along with the expected decrease of the average molar mass

Barron, Annelise E.

112

40 CFR 1065.642 - SSV, CFV, and PDP molar flow rate calculations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false SSV, CFV, and PDP molar flow rate calculations. 1065.642...Requirements § 1065.642 SSV, CFV, and PDP molar flow rate calculations. This section describes the equations for calculating molar flow rates from various flow...

2012-07-01

113

40 CFR 1065.642 - SSV, CFV, and PDP molar flow rate calculations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false SSV, CFV, and PDP molar flow rate calculations. 1065.642...Requirements § 1065.642 SSV, CFV, and PDP molar flow rate calculations. This section describes the equations for calculating molar flow rates from various flow...

2010-07-01

114

40 CFR 1065.642 - SSV, CFV, and PDP molar flow rate calculations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false SSV, CFV, and PDP molar flow rate calculations. 1065.642...Requirements § 1065.642 SSV, CFV, and PDP molar flow rate calculations. This section describes the equations for calculating molar flow rates from various flow...

2013-07-01

115

40 CFR 1065.642 - SSV, CFV, and PDP molar flow rate calculations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false SSV, CFV, and PDP molar flow rate calculations. 1065.642...Requirements § 1065.642 SSV, CFV, and PDP molar flow rate calculations. This section describes the equations for calculating molar flow rates from various flow...

2011-07-01

116

Variation in hominoid molar enamel thickness Tanya M. Smith a,*, Anthony J. Olejniczak a  

E-print Network

. It has been suggested that enamel thickness increases from first to third molars, perhaps due to varyingVariation in hominoid molar enamel thickness Tanya M. Smith a,*, Anthony J. Olejniczak a , Lawrence) in coronal planes of sections through the mesial and distal cusps in 57 permanent molars of Pan and 59

Smith, Tanya M.

117

Molar volumes of molten indium at high pressures measured in a diamond Guoyin Shen,a)  

E-print Network

Molar volumes of molten indium at high pressures measured in a diamond anvil cell Guoyin Shen for publication 18 June 2002 Molar volumes of molten indium have been measured in an isothermal compression up the molar volume of amorphous materials in a DAC and report the results on molten indium in an isothermal

Shen, Guoyin

118

Vertical bone growth following autotransplantation of the developing maxillary third molar to replace a retained mandibular permanent molar: a case report.  

PubMed

A retained permanent mandibular first molar caused arrested development and a defect of the alveolar bone in a 16-year-old girl. Extraction of the ankylosed tooth was immediately followed by autotransplantation of the developing maxillary third molar. At the 3-year follow-up examination the interproximal bone level at the autotransplanted molar was equal to that of the neighboring teeth. Cone beam computed tomography showed bone at the labial aspect of the transplant. The eruption of the autotransplanted tooth stimulated vertical alveolar bone development and repaired the bone defect. Additionally, there was closure of the posterior open bite that was initially present at the ankylosed molar site. PMID:25171037

Plakwicz, Pawe?; Czochrowska, Ewa Monika; Milczarek, Anna; Zadurska, Malgorzata

2014-01-01

119

Mandibular third molar development after mantle radiation in long-term survivors of childhood Hodgkin's disease  

SciTech Connect

Sequential panoramic radiographs were assessed for mandibular third molar development in 47 long-term survivors of childhood Hodgkin's disease after treatment with 37 Gy mantle field radiation. To make a comparison, panoramic radiographs of 149 healthy, nonirradiated children were reviewed for the presence of mandibular third molars. In children between the ages of 7 and 12 years, bilateral agenesis of mandibular third molars was more frequent in patients who had been treated with mantle radiation than in nonirradiated patients. Unilateral agenesis, crown hypoplasia, and root growth impairment of mandibular third molars were also found. Similar, apparent, radiation-induced developmental anomalies were noted in maxillary third molars of the irradiated patients.

McGinnis, J.P. Jr.; Hopkins, K.P.; Thompson, E.I.; Hustu, H.O.

1987-05-01

120

Restoration of Endodontically Treated Molars Using All Ceramic Endocrowns  

PubMed Central

Clinical success of endodontically treated posterior teeth is determined by the postendodontic restoration. Several options have been proposed to restore endodontically treated teeth. Endocrowns represent a conservative and esthetic restorative alternative to full coverage crowns. The preparation consists of a circular equigingival butt-joint margin and central retention cavity into the entire pulp chamber constructing both the crown and the core as a single unit. The case reports discussed here are moderately damaged endodontically treated molars restored using all ceramic endocrowns fabricated using two different systems, namely, CAD/CAM and pressed ceramic. PMID:24455318

Carlos, Roopak Bose; Thomas Nainan, Mohan; Pradhan, Shamina; Roshni Sharma; Benjamin, Shiny; Rose, Rajani

2013-01-01

121

Irregular Periapical Radiopacity in Mandibular Premolars and Molars  

PubMed Central

Increased deposition of cementum is observed in a wide number of both benign and malignant conditions. Many cases are often diagnosed during routine examination as an incidental finding. Diagnosing correctly without confusing it with other similarly appearing lesions, thus avoiding subjecting the patient to unnecessary investigations and stress, is of prime importance. We report one such case, where the patient presented with the routine complaint of a painful tooth, during the investigation of which he was also diagnosed with hypercementosis affecting the mandibular second premolars and molars bilaterally. The literature review reveals that not many cases of hypercementosis are frequently reported. PMID:24716003

Warrier, S. Aravind; Vinayachandran, Divya

2014-01-01

122

Effect of bite force on orthodontic mini-implants in the molar region: Finite element analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the effect of bite force on the displacement and stress distribution of orthodontic mini-implants (OMIs) in the molar region according to placement site, insertion angle, and loading direction. Methods Five finite element models were created using micro-computed tomography (microCT) images of the maxilla and mandible. OMIs were placed at one maxillary and two mandibular positions: between the maxillary second premolar and first molar, between the mandibular second premolar and first molar, and between the mandibular first and second molars. The OMIs were inserted at angles of 45° and 90° to the buccal surface of the cortical bone. A bite force of 25 kg was applied to the 10 occlusal contact points of the second premolar, first molar, and second molar. The loading directions were 0°, 5°, and 10° to the long axis of the tooth. Results With regard to placement site, the displacement and stress were greatest for the OMI placed between the mandibular first molar and second molar, and smallest for the OMI placed between the maxillary second premolar and first molar. In the mandibular molar region, the angled OMI showed slightly less displacement than the OMI placed at 90°. The maximum Von Mises stress increased with the inclination of the loading direction. Conclusions These results suggest that placement of OMIs between the second premolar and first molar at 45° to the cortical bone reduces the effect of bite force on OMIs. PMID:24228236

Lee, Hyeon-Jung; Lee, Kyung-Sook; Kim, Min-Ji

2013-01-01

123

Compensation trends of the angulation of first molars: retrospective study of 1403 malocclusion cases.  

PubMed

We investigated the compensatory trends of mesiodistal angulation of first molars in malocclusion cases. We compared differences in the angulation of first molars in different developmental stages, malocclusion classifications and skeletal patterns. The medical records and lateral cephalogrammes of 1403 malocclusion cases taken before treatment were measured to evaluate compensation of molar angulation in relation to the skeletal jaw. The cases were stratified by age, Angle classification and skeletal patterns. Differences in the mesiodistal angulation of the first molars were compared among the stratifications. We observed three main phenomena. First, angulation of the upper first molar varied significantly with age and tipped most distally in cases aged <12 years and least distally in cases aged >16 years. The lower first molar did not show such differences. Second, in Angle Class II or skeletal Class II cases, the upper first molar was the most distally tipped, the lower first molar was the most mesially tipped, and opposite angulation compensation was observed in Class III cases. Third, in high-angle cases, the upper and lower first molars were the most distally tipped, and opposite angulation compensation was observed in low-angle cases. These data suggest that the angulation of the molars compensated for various growth patterns and malocclusion types. Hence, awareness of molar angulation compensation would help to adjust occlusal relationships, control anchorage and increase the chances of long-term stability. PMID:24699185

Su, Hong; Han, Bing; Li, Sa; Na, Bin; Ma, Wen; Xu, Tian-Min

2014-09-01

124

Modified distal shoe appliance for the loss of a primary second molar: a case report.  

PubMed

Preservation of primary teeth until their normal exfoliation plays a crucial role in preventive and interceptive dentistry. Premature loss of the primary second molar prior to the eruption of the permanent first molar in the absence of the primary second molar can lead to mesial movement and migration of the permanent molar before and during its eruption. In such cases, an intra-alveolar type of space maintainer to guide the eruption of the permanent first molar is indicated. In certain cases, however, the conventional design is not practical. This paper describes a new design for distal shoe appliances in cases of primary second molar loss prior to the eruption of the permanent mandibular first molar. PMID:22025996

Dhull, Kanika Singh; Bhojraj, Nandlal; Yadav, Shweta; Prabhakaran, Sheeja Devi

2011-01-01

125

Replantation of a maxillary second molar after removal of a third molar with a dentigerous cyst: Case report and 12-month follow-up  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to describe the replantation of a maxillary second right molar, which had been removed for surgical reasons in order to remove a dentigerous cyst associated with the adjacent third molar, and the case’s 12-month follow-up. A 51-year-old man presented swelling in the right maxillary area. Radiographic examination showed a large radiolucency in close proximity to the third molar, suggesting a follicular cyst. The third molar was extracted and the cyst underwent curettage. The second molar had to be extracted to enable complete removal of the cyst and to achieve primary closure of the wound, which would have been impossible without repositioning the molar. With this objective, extraoral endodontic treatment was performed, the root-end was resected and prepared with ultrasonic retrotips, and root-end filling was accomplished with MTA before the molar was replanted. At the 12-month follow-up, the tooth showed no clinical signs or symptoms, probing depth was no greater than 3 mm and radiographic examination showed no evidence of root resorption or periapical lesion. Key words:Replantation, maxillary molar, follicular cyst, dentigerous cyst. PMID:24790721

Peñarrocha-Diago, María A.; Peñarrocha-Oltra, David; Peñarrocha-Diago, Miguel

2014-01-01

126

Replantation of a maxillary second molar after removal of a third molar with a dentigerous cyst: Case report and 12-month follow-up.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to describe the replantation of a maxillary second right molar, which had been removed for surgical reasons in order to remove a dentigerous cyst associated with the adjacent third molar, and the case's 12-month follow-up. A 51-year-old man presented swelling in the right maxillary area. Radiographic examination showed a large radiolucency in close proximity to the third molar, suggesting a follicular cyst. The third molar was extracted and the cyst underwent curettage. The second molar had to be extracted to enable complete removal of the cyst and to achieve primary closure of the wound, which would have been impossible without repositioning the molar. With this objective, extraoral endodontic treatment was performed, the root-end was resected and prepared with ultrasonic retrotips, and root-end filling was accomplished with MTA before the molar was replanted. At the 12-month follow-up, the tooth showed no clinical signs or symptoms, probing depth was no greater than 3 mm and radiographic examination showed no evidence of root resorption or periapical lesion. Key words:Replantation, maxillary molar, follicular cyst, dentigerous cyst. PMID:24790721

Peñarrocha-Diago, María A; Aloy-Prósper, Amparo; Peñarrocha-Oltra, David; Peñarrocha-Diago, Miguel

2014-04-01

127

A geometric morphometric analysis of hominin upper first molar shape.  

PubMed

Recent studies have revealed interesting differences in upper first molar morphology across the hominin fossil record, particularly significant between H. sapiens and H. neanderthalensis. Usually these analyses have been performed by means of classic morphometric methods, including the measurement of relative cusp areas or the angles defined between cusps. Although these studies have provided valuable information for the morphological characterization of some hominin species, we believe that the analysis of this particular tooth could be more conclusive for taxonomic assignment. In this study, we have applied geometric morphometric methods to explore the morphological variability of the upper first molar (M(1)) across the human fossil record. Our emphasis focuses on the study of the phenetic relationships among the European middle Pleistocene populations (designated as H. heidelbergensis) with H. neanderthalensis and H. sapiens, but the inclusion of Australopithecus and early Homo specimens has helped us to assess the polarity of the observed traits. H. neanderthalensis presents a unique morphology characterized by a relatively distal displacement of the lingual cusps and protrusion in the external outline of a large and bulging hypocone. This morphology can be found in a less pronounced degree in the European early and middle Pleistocene populations, and reaches its maximum expression with the H. neanderthalensis lineage. In contrast, modern humans retain the primitive morphology with a square occlusal polygon associated with a round external outline. PMID:17599390

Gómez-Robles, A; Martinón-Torres, M; Bermúdez de Castro, J M; Margvelashvili, A; Bastir, M; Arsuaga, J L; Pérez-Pérez, A; Estebaranz, F; Martínez, L M

2007-09-01

128

Evolutionary novelty in a rat with no molars  

PubMed Central

Rodents are important ecological components of virtually every terrestrial ecosystem. Their success is a result of their gnawing incisors, battery of grinding molars and diastema that spatially and functionally separates the incisors from the molars. Until now these traits defined all rodents. Here, we describe a new species and genus of shrew-rat from Sulawesi Island, Indonesia that is distinguished from all other rodents by the absence of cheek teeth. Moreover, rather than gnawing incisors, this animal has bicuspid upper incisors, also unique among the more than 2200 species of rodents. Stomach contents from a single specimen suggest that the species consumes only earthworms. We posit that by specializing on soft-bodied prey, this species has had no need to process food by chewing, allowing its dentition to evolve for the sole purpose of procuring food. Thus, the removal of functional constraints, often considered a source of evolutionary innovations, may also lead to the loss of the very same traits that fuelled evolutionary diversification in the past. PMID:22915626

Esselstyn, Jacob A.; Achmadi, Anang Setiawan; Rowe, Kevin C.

2012-01-01

129

Nanoparticle counting: towards accurate determination of the molar concentration.  

PubMed

Innovations in nanotechnology have brought tremendous opportunities for the advancement of many research frontiers, ranging from electronics, photonics, energy, to medicine. To maximize the benefits of nano-scaled materials in different devices and systems, precise control of their concentration is a prerequisite. While concentrations of nanoparticles have been provided in other forms (e.g., mass), accurate determination of molar concentration, arguably the most useful one for chemical reactions and applications, has been a major challenge (especially for nanoparticles smaller than 30 nm). Towards this significant yet chronic problem, a variety of strategies are currently under development. Most of these strategies are applicable to a specialized group of nanoparticles due to their restrictions on the composition and size range of nanoparticles. As research and uses of nanomaterials are being explored in an unprecedented speed, it is necessary to develop universal strategies that are easy to use and are compatible with nanoparticles of different sizes, compositions, and shapes. This review outlines the theories and applications of current strategies to measure nanoparticle molar concentration, discusses the advantages and limitations of these methods, and provides insights into future directions. PMID:25099190

Shang, Jing; Gao, Xiaohu

2014-11-01

130

Sex determination potential of permanent maxillary molar widths and cusp diameters in a North Indian population  

PubMed Central

Aims: To assess the sex discrimination potential of permanent maxillary molar crown widths and cusp diameters. Materials and Methods: Measurements were made on plaster casts of 200 individuals of known sex (100 males, 100 females, aged 12-21 years). Eight parameters were measured on the first and second maxillary molars with a digital caliper [buccolingual, mesiodistal, mesiobuccal-distolingual and distobuccal-mesiolingual crown widths and cusp diameters (hypocone, protocone, paracone, and metacone)]. The percentage of sexual dimorphism for each parameter was calculated. Discriminant function analysis was used to determine the accuracy of sex determination for each molar separately and both the molars taken together. Results: The highest sexual dimorphism was shown by protocone in the first molar and hypocone in the second molar. Furthermore, the sex determination accuracy was highest when the first molar was taken alone than when the second molar or the first and second molars were taken together. Conclusion: Based on this study, odontometric measurements of maxillary molars provide low to moderate sex determination accuracy. PMID:24987643

Sharma, Payal; Singh, Tushita; Kumar, Piush; Chandra, Pavan Kumar; Sharma, Rakesh

2013-01-01

131

An in vitro morphological investigation of the endodontic spaces of third molars.  

PubMed

Aim of this paper was to investigate the particular anatomic features of the endodontic space of third molars in the general population of Croatia. A total of 106 fully developed third molars (56 maxillar and 50 mandibular) has been analyzed. The respective number of roots and of root canals, the structure of the roots, and the curvature and absolute length of the root-canals were analyzed. In most cases, upper third molars had three roots (83.9%), while most of the lower molars were single rooted (56.0%). Upper third molars had mostly three root canals (75.1%), lower third molars two (90.0%). In both jaws, most third molars had curved canals (60.7% in the upper and 84.0% in the lower jaw). 12.5% of upper third molars had lateral and accessory canals, whereas only 4.0% of the lower third molars were found to have them. The Student t-test showed statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) in the length of the root-canals, mesiobuccal and distobuccal canals being significantly shorter than palatinal canals. The same test showed that in the lower third molars the mesial root canals were significantly longer that the distal ones, although slightly. The results obtained are in compliance with similar results by other authors; however, they tend to show some specific population-related features. PMID:23940986

Cosi?, Jozo; Gali?, Nada; Vodanovi?, Marin; Njemirovskij, Vera; Segovi?, Sanja; Paveli?, Bozidar; Ani?, Ivica

2013-06-01

132

[The pendulis appliance: a palatal miniscrew supported molar distalization device].  

PubMed

The maxillary molar distalization is a valuable therapeutic option in some clinical cases. Its biomechanics is challenging and difficult to obtain. Historically, various devices have been described offering successful solutions to this problem such as the Hilgers Pendulum Appliance (1992) and variants linked to mini screws which recently have shown interesting clinical potential. This article presents a new Pendulum variant using a miniscrew, the "pendulis". It follows the original concept (titanium-molybdenum alloy distalization springs and polymethyl-methacrylate pellet) but dental support is replaced by a single palatal miniscrew (median adults, para-median in children) to which the device is fixed by means of a metal welded cap easily positioned and removable by the practitioner. This allows for better control of the oral hygiene and completely controlled extraoral activation. Fabrication steps are described and instruction of use is illustrated with clinical documentation. PMID:25158749

Nappée-Miévilly, Magali; Nappée, François-Joseph; Kerbrat, Jean-Baptiste; Goudot, Patrick

2014-09-01

133

Alveolitis after operative removal of third molars in the mandible.  

PubMed

The aim of the investigation was to assess the importance of various factors in the aetiology of alveolitis sicca dolorosa. Two hundren partially erupted or totally impacted mandibular third molars were surgically removed. The patients were divided into four groups. The patients in group 1 were premedicated with a single dose of penicillin-V (phenoxymethylpenicillin), those in group 2 with an antisialogogue (methylscopolamine nitrate), and those in group 3 with an antifibrinolytic agent (tranexamic acid). Group 4 were non-premedicated controls. The frequency of alveolitis in the groups 1 and 2 was significantly less than in the groups 3 and 4. This indicates the importance of salivary contamination of the surgical field and of infection as aetiologic factors in alveolitis. PMID:6797972

Krekmanov, L

1981-06-01

134

Ectopic third molar in the mandibular sigmoid notch: Report of a case and literature review  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To evaluate the etiopathogenesis, clinical features and surgical approaches for removal of ectopic third molars in the mandible. Methods: We report a case of an impacted mandibular third molar dislocated on mandibular sigmoid notch. 20 cases of ectopic mandibular third molars reported in the English-language literature, identified from Pubmed and Medline databases are also reviewed. Results: Among the 20 article reported in the presented study, ectopic third molars were generally located in the condylar region. The common symptoms of the clinical examination were pain, trismus, swelling, temporomandibular joint syndroms or no symptoms. Conclusions: Ectopic third molar may be asymptomatic initially with clinical manifestations, later on as adjacent structures are affected. The surgical approach must be carefully planned for the aim of choosing the more conservative technique that produces the minimum trauma to patients. Key words:Ectopic third molar, sigmoid notch, cyst.

Baykul, Timuçin

2015-01-01

135

Recovery after third molar surgery: Clinical and health-related quality of life outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The study goal was to assess both clinical and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes after third molar surgery. Methods: Patients who were having 4 third molars removed were enrolled in a prospective clinical trial. Baseline data were recorded that included demographics, the patient[apos ]s and surgeon[apos ]s assessment of third molar conditions, and details of the surgical procedure.

Raymond P. White; Daniel A. Shugars; David M. Shafer; Daniel M. Laskin; Michael J. Buckley; Ceib Phillips

2003-01-01

136

Third-molar impaction diagnostic with cone-beam computerized tomography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Precise three-dimensional localization of impacted third molars as it relates to the inferior dental canal (IDC) is critical to their clinical management and highly influences surgical outcomes. Recently introduced dental 3D volumetric imaging systems coupled with semi-automatic modelling techniques allows 3D visualization of the IDC and the third molar. In this study, the spatial relationship of impacted third molars is

Reyes Enciso; Robert A. Danforth; Emanuel S. Alexandroni; Ahmed Memon; James Mah

2005-01-01

137

UPPER VS. LOWER MOLARS FOR CEMENTUM ANNULI AGE DETERMINATION OF DEER  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ages were determined for 23 black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus columbianus) and 14 white-tailed deer (0. virginianus) by examination of cementum annuli of both upper and lower 1st molars. Although estimated ages were virtually the same for both upper and lower molars, the clarity of annuli was significantly greater in upper molars for both species. Abstract: Ages were determined for 23

DALE R. McCULLOUGH; PAUL BEIER

138

Reduced radiation-absorbed dose to tissues with partial panoramic radiography for evaluation of third molars  

SciTech Connect

The radiation-absorbed doses from panoramic radiography, distal molar radiography, and a partial panoramic radiographic technique that exposes only the third molar region to radiation are compared. Doses of radiation to the submandibular salivary gland were comparable by all three techniques, but doses of radiation to the head and neck were reduced greatly by the partial panoramic radiographic technique. Partial panoramic radiography is a diagnostically satisfactory and a radiologically safer technique for evaluation of third molar pathosis than is panoramic or distal molar radiography.

Kircos, L.T.; Eakle, W.S.; Smith, R.A.

1986-05-01

139

A Prospective Study of Clinical Outcomes Related to Third Molar Removal or Retention  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We investigated outcomes of third molar removal or retention in adolescents and young adults. Methods. We recruited patients aged 16 to 22 years from a dental practice–based research network in the Pacific Northwest from May 2009 through September 2010 who had at least 1 third molar present and had never undergone third molar removal. Data were acquired via questionnaire and clinical examination at baseline, periodic online questionnaires, and clinical examination at 24 months. Results. A total of 801 patients participated. Among patients undergoing third molar removal, rates of paresthesia and jaw joint symptoms lasting more than 1 month were 6.3 and 34.3 per 100 person-years, respectively. Among patients not undergoing removal, corresponding rates were 0.7 and 8.8. Periodontal attachment loss at distal sites of second molars did not significantly differ by third molar removal status. Incident caries at the distal surfaces of second molars occurred in fewer than 1% of all sites. Conclusions. Rates of paresthesia and temporomandibular joint disorder were higher after third molar removal. Periodontal attachment loss and incident caries at the distal sites of second molars were not affected by extraction status. PMID:24524521

Cunha-Cruz, Joana; Rothen, Marilynn; Spiekerman, Charles; Drangsholt, Mark; Anderson, Loren; Roset, Gayle A.

2014-01-01

140

First molar cross-bite is more closely associated with a reverse chewing cycle than anterior or pre-molar cross-bite during mastication.  

PubMed

A posterior cross-bite is defined as an abnormal bucco-lingual relationship between opposing molars, pre-molars or both in centric occlusion. Although it has been reported that patients with unilateral posterior cross-bite often show unique chewing patterns, the relationship between the form of cross-bite and masticatory jaw movement remains unclear in adult patients. The objective of this study was to investigate masticatory jaw movement among different forms of cross-bite. One hundred and one adults were recruited in this study: 27 had unilateral first molar cross-bite (MC group); 28, unilateral pre-molar cross-bite (PC group); 23, anterior cross-bite (AC group); and 23, normal occlusion (control group). Masticatory jaw movement of the lower incisor point was recorded with six degrees of freedom jaw-tracking system during unilateral mastication. Our results showed that the reverse chewing ratio during deliberate unilateral mastication was significantly larger in the MC group than in the PA (P < 0.001), AC (P < 0.001) and control (P < 0.001) groups. These findings suggest that compared to the anterior or pre-molar cross-bite, the first molar cross-bite is more closely associated with a higher prevalence of a reverse chewing cycle. PMID:25158937

Tomonari, H; Ikemori, T; Kubota, T; Uehara, S; Miyawaki, S

2014-12-01

141

Influence of cervical preflaring on determinationof apical file size in mandibular molars: SEM analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the influence of cervical preflaring with different rotary instruments on determination of the initial apical file (IAF) in mesiobuccal roots of mandibular molars. Fifty human mandibular molars whose mesial roots presented two clearly separated apical foramens (mesiobuccal and mesiolingual) were used. After standard access opening and removal of pulp tissue, the working length (WL) was determined at

Marcia da Silva Schmitz; Roberto Santos; Alexandre Capelli; Marcos Jacobovitz; Júlio César Emboava Spanó; Jesus Djalma Pécora

2008-01-01

142

Grafting mandibular third molar extraction sites: A comparison of bioactive glass to a nongrafted site  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of bioactive glass used as a graft material for regeneration of bone after the removal of impacted third molars. The healing distal to the second molars was followed, with documentation of the level of radiographic osseous fill and measurement of the changes in clinical attachment levels. Methods. Fourteen (5

Roger R. Throndson; S. Barrett Sexton

2002-01-01

143

Degradation of Ultra-High Molar Mass Polymers in Size-Exclusion Chromatography  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The degradation of high molar mass polymers during size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) analysis has been a topic of interest for several decades. Should a polymer degrade during analysis, the accuracy of the molar mass (M) and architectural information obtained will be compromised. To this effect,...

144

Evaluation of factors predictive of lingual nerve injury in third molar surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for temporary and permanent lingual nerve injury after extraction of mandibular third molars. It was based on a 4-year prospective study of 2134 consecutive mandibular third molar operations in 1384 consecutive day case patients. During the study period (1994–1998) data were collected prospectively on patient, dental and surgical factors and

T. Renton; M. McGurk

2001-01-01

145

Postoperative prophylactic antibiotic treatment in third molar surgery—a necessity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: We evaluated the need for prophylactic postoperative oral antibiotic treatment in the removal of asymptomatic third molars.Materials and Methods: In a prospective study of more than 30 months, a total of 528 impacted lower third molars were surgically removed in 288 patients. All patients were referred to our department by a dentist or a general practitioner. No patient showed

Paul W Poeschl; Doris Eckel; Ellen Poeschl

2004-01-01

146

The relationship of the lingual nerve to the mandibular third molar region: An anatomic study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: This study evaluated the relationship of the mandibular third molar to the lingual nerve.Materials and Methods: An anatomic dissection of the lingual nerve in the third molar region was done on 20 cadavers (40 sides).Results: The position of the nerve on one side bore no statistical relationship to the position of the nerve on the opposite side. The position

M. Anthony Pogrel; Andrew Renaut; Brian Schmidt; Awnie Ammar

1995-01-01

147

Developing a measure of patient perceptions of short-term outcomes of third molar surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to develop an instrument to measure patients' perceptions of their experiences after the removal of third molar teeth.Methods: Nineteen patients (ages 18 to 25 years) who underwent surgical removal of four third molars after local treatment for mild symptoms of pericoronitis completed a newly developed 14-item instrument each evening for the 14-day period

Daniel A Shugars; Ken Benson; Raymond P White; Kit N Simpson; James D Bader

1996-01-01

148

Panoramic radiographic risk factors for inferior alveolar nerve injury after third molar extraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to estimate the association between specific panoramic radiographic signs and inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injury during mandibular third molar removal. Patients and Methods: A case-control study design was used; the sample consisted of patients who underwent removal of impacted mandibular third molars. Cases were defined as patients with confirmed IAN injury after third

Bart F. Blaeser; Meredith A. August; R. Bruce Donoff; Leonard B. Kaban; Thomas B. Dodson

2003-01-01

149

Association between third molar agenesis patterns and agenesis of other teeth in a Japanese orthodontic population.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the patterns of third molar agenesis and incidence of agenesis of other permanent teeth in a Japanese orthodontic patient group. A total of 417 Japanese subjects (134 males and 283 females) with agenesis of one or more third molars were divided into four groups according to the agenesis pattern, and 874 other Japanese subjects (302 males and 572 females) without third molar agenesis were assigned to a control group. Panoramic radiographs and medical and dental records were used to examine for tooth agenesis. The Chi-square test and odds ratio were used to make statistical comparisons. The prevalence of third molar agenesis worked out at 32.3% with no statistically significant gender difference. A high prevalence rate of agenesis of third molars, unilateral or bilateral, could be considered characteristic of the Japanese orthodontic population. Significant increases in occurrence of oligodontia, and unilateral or bilateral agenesis of other teeth, including maxillary lateral incisors and maxillary and mandibular second premolars, were observed in all or almost all of the third molar agenesis groups, compared with the controls. A significantly increased prevalence rate of mandibular lateral incisor agenesis was observed in almost all of the third molar agenesis groups. The Japanese patients with third molar agenesis had a significantly increased occurrence of oligodontia, and unilateral or bilateral agenesis of maxillary and mandibular lateral incisors and second premolars, except for bilateral agenesis of mandibular lateral incisors. PMID:23990107

Endo, Saori; Sanpei, Sugako; Ishida, Rieko; Sanpei, Shinya; Abe, Ryota; Endo, Toshiya

2015-01-01

150

Prevalence of Three-rooted Mandibular First Molars among Taiwanese Individuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of mandibular first molars featuring a distolingual root among a Taiwanese population. A total of 731 patients’ periapical radiographs were screened and examined to obtain 166 samples for this study. The gender, symmetry, and frequencies of occurrence of three-rooted mandibular first molars were recorded. The prevalence of three-rooted mandibular first

Ming-Gene Tu; Chi-Cheng Tsai; Ming-Jia Jou; Wil-Lie Chen; Yu-Fang Chang; San-Yue Chen; Hui-Wen Cheng

2007-01-01

151

A new method to correct lingual rolling of lower molars (Amini twister).  

PubMed

In this report, we present an uncomplicated approach to overcome lingual rolling of mandibular molars during orthodontic treatment, by using rectangular NiTi arch wire in twist fashion through the molar tube. The sequential steps of the twist manoeuvre on a typodont and a case report are exhibited in this article. PMID:23729138

Amini, Fariborz; Poosti, Maryam

2013-01-01

152

Phase-separation-induced fractionation in molar mass in aqueous mixtures of gelatin and dextran.  

PubMed

An overview of the effects of phase separation of aqueous mixtures of gelatin and dextran on the fractionation in molar mass of these two components is given. Molar mass distributions in coexisting phases were investigated using size exclusion chromatography with multiangle laser light scattering. The initial molar mass of the native material, concentration, and temperature were varied. The results show a strong fractionation in molar mass for both components. The molar mass of the native material and concentration appeared to be the only factors that affected the final molar mass distributions, temperature having no effect. The results show that in the molar mass range where fractionation is the strongest, i.e., roughly below the maximum in the distribution, fractionation is governed by a Boltzmann factor e(-deltaG/kT), where deltaG denotes the free energy involved in transferring a polymer with a certain length from the enriched to the depleted phase, and in this case turns out to be proportional to the molar mass. Comparison of the results of phase separation with results on dialysis shows that water affinity is not the driving force for the phase separation of gelatin and dextran in aqueous solution. The gelation properties of gelatin in both phases were also determined. The gelation properties of gelatin in the coexisting phases differ from those of native gelatin. In particular, the gelatin in the gelatin-poor phase shows strong differences compared to the native material. PMID:12636676

Edelman, M W; Tromp, R H; van der Linden, E

2003-02-01

153

Excess molar enthalpies of chloroalkanes or chloroalkene + 2-propyn-1-ol at 298.15 K  

SciTech Connect

Excess molar enthalpies for 2-propyn-1-ol + 1,2-dichloroethane, + 1,1,1,-trichloroethane, + 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane, and + trichloroethylene have been measured at 298.15 K with a Parr 1451 solution calorimeter. The excess molar enthalpies are positive over the entire range of composition.

Kumar, R.V.; Rao, M.A.; Rao, M.V. [Osmania Univ., Hyderabad (India). Dept. of Chemistry; Prasad, D.H.L. [Indian Inst. of Tech., Hyderabad (India)

1995-09-01

154

Molar crown formation in the Late Miocene Asian hominoids, Sivapithecus parvada and Sivapithecus indicus  

E-print Network

Molar crown formation in the Late Miocene Asian hominoids, Sivapithecus parvada and Sivapithecus of the first data for molar crown development in one hominoid genus, Sivapi- thecus. The data are compared to a range of extant and extinct hominoids. Crown formation times (CFTs), daily rates of enamel secretion

Smith, Tanya M.

155

Uniquely derived upper molar morphology of Eocene Amphipithecidae (Primates: Anthropoidea): homology and phylogeny.  

PubMed

The extinct Southeast Asian primate family Amphipithecidae is regularly cited in discussions of anthropoid origins, but its phylogenetic position remains controversial. In part, the lack of consensus regarding amphipithecid relationships can be attributed to uncertainty regarding the homology of upper molar structures in this group. Here, we describe a virtually pristine upper molar of Pondaungia cotteri from the late middle Eocene Pondaung Formation of Myanmar, which is the first example of a relatively unworn and well-preserved amphipithecid upper molar ever recovered. The distolingual upper molar cusp in this new specimen of Pondaungia appears to be a lingually displaced and enlarged metaconule, rather than a hypocone or pseudohypocone as previous workers have thought. Reassessment of the upper molar morphology of other amphipithecids and putative amphipithecids reveals a very similar pattern in Siamopithecus, Myanmarpithecus and Ganlea, all of which are interpreted as having upper molars showing many of the same derived features apparent in Pondaungia. In contrast, the upper molar morphology of Bugtipithecus diverges radically from that of undoubted amphipithecids, and the latter taxon is excluded from Amphipithecidae on this basis. Phylogenetic analyses of several character-taxon matrices culled from the recent literature and updated to reflect the new information on amphipithecid upper molar morphology yield similar results. Consensus tree topologies derived from these analyses support amphipithecid monophyly and stable relationships within Amphipithecidae. Amphipithecids appear to be stem members of the anthropoid clade. PMID:23823753

Coster, Pauline; Beard, K Christopher; Soe, Aung Naing; Sein, Chit; Chaimanee, Yaowalak; Lazzari, Vincent; Valentin, Xavier; Jaeger, Jean-Jacques

2013-08-01

156

Removal of an upper third molar from the maxillary sinus.  

PubMed

The maxillary sinus or antrum is the largest of the paranasal sinuses. It is located in the maxillary bone and has a proximity to the apexes of upper molars and premolars, which allows it to form a direct link between the sinus and the oral cavity. Dislocation of a foreign body or tooth to the interior of a paranasal sinus is a situation that can occur as a result of car accidents, firearm attacks, or iatrogenic in surgical procedures. Therefore, it is necessary to know how to treat this kind of situation. This study's objective is to report the case of a 23-year-old female patient, leucoderma, who sought treatment from the Surgical Unit at the Dental Faculty of the Federal University of Sergipe. She had a history of pain and edema in the right side of the genian region and two failed attempts at removing dental unit (DU) 18. The extraoral clinical exam revealed intense edema of the left hemiface with signs of infection, excoriation of the labial commissure, hematoma, a body temperature of 39°C, and a limited ability to open her mouth. The patient was medicated and treated surgically. The tooth was removed from the maxillary sinus with caution, as should have been done initially. PMID:25705524

Amorim, Klinger de Souza; da Silva, Vanessa Tavares; da Cunha, Rafael Soares; Souto, Maria Luisa Silveira; São Mateus, Carla Rocha; Souza, Liane Maciel de Almeida

2015-01-01

157

Removal of an Upper Third Molar from the Maxillary Sinus  

PubMed Central

The maxillary sinus or antrum is the largest of the paranasal sinuses. It is located in the maxillary bone and has a proximity to the apexes of upper molars and premolars, which allows it to form a direct link between the sinus and the oral cavity. Dislocation of a foreign body or tooth to the interior of a paranasal sinus is a situation that can occur as a result of car accidents, firearm attacks, or iatrogenic in surgical procedures. Therefore, it is necessary to know how to treat this kind of situation. This study's objective is to report the case of a 23-year-old female patient, leucoderma, who sought treatment from the Surgical Unit at the Dental Faculty of the Federal University of Sergipe. She had a history of pain and edema in the right side of the genian region and two failed attempts at removing dental unit (DU) 18. The extraoral clinical exam revealed intense edema of the left hemiface with signs of infection, excoriation of the labial commissure, hematoma, a body temperature of 39°C, and a limited ability to open her mouth. The patient was medicated and treated surgically. The tooth was removed from the maxillary sinus with caution, as should have been done initially. PMID:25705524

Amorim, Klinger de Souza; da Silva, Vanessa Tavares; da Cunha, Rafael Soares; Souto, Maria Luisa Silveira; São Mateus, Carla Rocha; Souza, Liane Maciel de Almeida

2015-01-01

158

Joubert syndrome: congenital cerebellar ataxia with the “molar tooth”  

PubMed Central

Joubert syndrome (JS) is a congenital cerebellar ataxia with autosomal recessive or X-linked inheritance, which diagnostic hallmark is a unique cerebellar and brainstem malformation recognizable on brain imaging, the “molar tooth sign”. Neurological signs are present from neonatal age and include hypotonia evolving into ataxia, global developmental delay, ocular motor apraxia and breathing dysregulation. These are variably associated with multiorgan involvement, mainly of the retina, kidneys, skeleton and liver. To date, 21 causative genes have been identified, all encoding for proteins of the primary cilium or its apparatus. This is a subcellular organelle that plays key roles in development and in many cellular functions, making JS part of the expanding family of ciliopathies. There is marked clinical and genetic overlap among distinct ciliopathies, which may co-occur even within families. Such variability is likely explained by an oligogenic model of inheritance, in which mutations, rare variants and polymorphisms at distinct loci interplay to modulate the expressivity of the ciliary phenotype. PMID:23870701

Romani, Marta; Micalizzi, Alessia; Valente, Enza Maria

2013-01-01

159

Molar crown inner structural organization in Javanese Homo erectus.  

PubMed

This contribution investigates the inner organizational pattern (tooth tissue proportions and enamel-dentine junction morphology) of seven Homo erectus permanent molar crowns from the late Lower-early Middle Pleistocene Kabuh Formation of the Sangiran Dome (Central Java, Indonesia). The previous study of their external characteristics confirmed the degree of time-related structural reduction occurred in Javanese H. erectus, and also revealed a combination of nonmetric features which are rare in the Lower and early Middle Pleistocene dental record, but more frequently found in recent humans. In accordance with their outer occlusal morphology, the specimens exhibit a set of derived internal features, such as thick to hyperthick enamel, an incomplete expression of the crest patterns at the enamel-dentine junction (EDJ) level, a sharp EDJ topography. As a whole, these features differ from those expressed in some penecontemporaneous specimens/samples representing African H. erectus/ergaster and H. heidelbergensis, as well as in Neanderthals, but occur in recent human populations. Further research in virtual dental paleoanthropology to be developed at macroregional scale would clarify the polarity and intensity of the intermittent exchanges between continental and insular Southeast Asia around the Lower to Middle Pleistocene boundary, as well as should shed light on the still poorly understood longitudinal evolutionary dynamics across continental Asia. PMID:25209431

Zanolli, Clément

2015-01-01

160

Relationship between bacterial contamination and alveolitis after third molar surgery.  

PubMed

The frequency of alveolitis after third molar surgery was studied in three groups of 40 patients each. One group was premedicated with penicillin V, another with scopolamine, and the third group received no premedication. The respective frequencies of alveolitis were 5, 2.5 and 32.5 % (P less than 0.01 and P less than 0.001). The aerobic flora in blood sampled from the socket before suturing was significantly reduced (P less than 0.05) in the penicillin group as compared with the controls. In alveolar blood clot sampled 48 h postoperatively, both aerobes and anaerobes were significantly diminished (P less than 0.01). The concentration of penicillin V in alveolar blood ranged from 0.8 to 9.5 mg/l. The total bacterial content in alveolar blood before suturing showed poor correlation with the development of alveolitis. Abundant growth of aerobes was found, however, in 75 % of the patients with alveolitis, but in only 47 % of those without this complication. PMID:6780476

Krekmanov, L; Hallander, H O

1980-08-01

161

Appropriate electrode placement site for electric pulp testing first molar teeth.  

PubMed

Twenty volunteers with first molars free of restorations and caries were recruited. One molar from each arch was selected, and rubber dam was applied. Seven sites on each crown were electric pulp tested 4 times with an Elements Diagnostic Unit, and lowest threshold responses were recorded. Data were analyzed with one-way analysis of variance and the Tukey test at the .01 level. The lowest response for both the maxillary and mandibular teeth was with the probe on the mesiobuccal cusp tip. Other sites showed an increase in level from the mesiobuccal cuspal surface, mesiobuccal gingival surface, and the center of the supporting cusps (palatal of maxillary molar, buccal of mandibular molar). No significant difference in responses was found between male and female subjects; however, male subjects responded at higher thresholds than female subjects on all test sites except the mesiobuccal cusp tip. The optimum site for pulp testing first molars is the mesiobuccal cusp tip. PMID:17963950

Lin, Jack; Chandler, Nicholas; Purton, David; Monteith, Brian

2007-11-01

162

Characterization of stem and progenitor cells in the dental pulp of erupted and unerupted murine molars  

PubMed Central

In the past few years there have been significant advances in the identification of putative stem cells also referred to as “mesenchymal stem cells” (MSC) in dental tissues including the dental pulp. It is thought that MSC in dental pulp share certain similarities with MSC isolated from other tissues. However, cells in dental pulp are still poorly characterized. This study focused on the characterization of progenitor and stem cells in dental pulps of erupted and unerupted mice molars. Our study showed that dental pulps from unerupted molars contain a significant number of cells expressing CD90+/CD45-, CD117+/CD45-, Sca-1+/CD45- and little if any CD45+ cells. Our in vitro functional studies showed that dental pulp cells from unerupted molars displayed extensive osteo-dentinogenic potential but were unable to differentiate into chondrocytes and adipocytes. Dental pulp from erupted molars displayed a reduced number of cells, contained higher percentage of CD45+ and lower percentage of cells expressing CD90+/CD45-, CD117+/CD45- as compared to unerupted molars. In vitro functional assays demonstrated the ability of a small fraction of cells to differentiate into odontoblasts, osteoblasts, adipocytes and chondrocytes. There was a significant reduction in the osteo-dentinogenic potential of the pulp cells derived from erupted molars compared to unerupted molars. Furthermore, the adipogenic and chondrogenic differentiation of pulp cells from erupted molars was dependent on a long induction period and infrequent. Based on these findings we propose that the dental pulp of the erupted molars contain a small population of multipotent cells, whereas the dental pulp of the unerupted molars does not contain multipotent cells but is enriched in osteo-dentinogenic progenitors engaged in the formation of coronal and radicular odontoblasts. PMID:20193787

Balic, Anamaria; Aguila, H. Leonardo; Caimano, Melissa J.; Francone, Victor P.; Mina, Mina

2010-01-01

163

Dietary Inference from Upper and Lower Molar Morphology in Platyrrhine Primates  

PubMed Central

The correlation between diet and dental topography is of importance to paleontologists seeking to diagnose ecological adaptations in extinct taxa. Although the subject is well represented in the literature, few studies directly compare methods or evaluate dietary signals conveyed by both upper and lower molars. Here, we address this gap in our knowledge by comparing the efficacy of three measures of functional morphology for classifying an ecologically diverse sample of thirteen medium- to large-bodied platyrrhines by diet category (e.g., folivore, frugivore, hard object feeder). We used Shearing Quotient (SQ), an index derived from linear measurements of molar cutting edges and two indices of crown surface topography, Occlusal Relief (OR) and Relief Index (RFI). Using SQ, OR, and RFI, individuals were then classified by dietary category using Discriminate Function Analysis. Both upper and lower molar variables produce high classification rates in assigning individuals to diet categories, but lower molars are consistently more successful. SQs yield the highest classification rates. RFI and OR generally perform above chance. Upper molar RFI has a success rate below the level of chance. Adding molar length enhances the discriminatory power for all variables. We conclude that upper molar SQs are useful for dietary reconstruction, especially when combined with body size information. Additionally, we find that among our sample of platyrrhines, SQ remains the strongest predictor of diet, while RFI is less useful at signaling dietary differences in absence of body size information. The study demonstrates new ways for inferring the diets of extinct platyrrhine primates when both upper and lower molars are available, or, for taxa known only from upper molars. The techniques are useful in reconstructing diet in stem representatives of anthropoid clade, who share key aspects of molar morphology with extant platyrrhines. PMID:25738266

Allen, Kari L.; Cooke, Siobhán B.; Gonzales, Lauren A.; Kay, Richard F.

2015-01-01

164

Third molar surgery: the patient's and the clinician's perspective  

PubMed Central

Background In this report, the problems of third molar surgery have been reviewed from the perspective of both patient and clinician; additionally an overall analysis of preoperative imaging investigations was carried out. Specifically, three main areas of interest were investigated: the prediction of surgical difficulty and potential complications; the assessment of stress and anxiety and finally the assessment of postoperative complications and the surgeon's experience. Findings In the first study, the prediction of surgical difficulty and potential injury to the inferior alveolar nerve was assessed. This was achieved by examining the patient's orthopantomograms and by using the Pederson Difficulty Index (PDI). Several radiological signs were identified and a classification tree was created to help predict the incidence of such event. In the second study, a prospective assessment addressing the patient's stress and anxiety pre-, intra- and postoperatively was employed. Midazolam was the active drug used against placebo. Objective and subjective parameters were assessed, including measuring the cortisol level in saliva. Midazolam was found to significantly reduce anxiety levels and salivary cortisol was identified as an accurate anxiety marker. In the third study, postoperative complications and the surgeon's experience were examined. Few patients in this study suffered permanent nerve dysfunction. Junior surgeons reported a higher complication rate particularly in trismus, alveolar osteitis, infection and paraesthesia over the distributions of the inferior alveolar and lingual nerves. In apparent contrast, senior surgeons reported higher incidence of postoperative bleeding. Discussion These studies if well employed can lead to favourable alteration in patient management and might have a positive impact on future healthcare service. PMID:19852848

Jerjes, Waseem; Upile, Tahwinder; Kafas, Panagiotis; Abbas, Syedda; Rob, Jubli; McCarthy, Eileen; McCarthy, Peter; Hopper, Colin

2009-01-01

165

Analysis of quantitative trait locus effects on the size and shape of mandibular molars in mice.  

PubMed Central

While >50 genes have been found to influence the development of teeth in mice, we still know very little about the genetic basis for the adaptive characteristics of teeth, such as size and shape. We applied interval mapping procedures to Procrustes size and shape data obtained from 10 morphological landmarks on the mandibular molar row of the F(2) progeny from a cross between the LG/J and SM/J strains of mice. This revealed many more QTL for molar shape (18) than for molar centroid size (3), although levels of dominance effects were comparable among QTL for size and shape. Comparisons of patterns of Procrustes additive and dominance shape effects and ordination of QTL effects by principal components analysis suggested that the effects of the shape QTL were dispersed among the three molars and thus that none of these molars represents a genetically distinct developmental structure. The results of an analysis of co-occurrence of QTL for molar shape, mandible shape, and cranial dimensions in these mice suggested that many of the QTL for molar shape may be the same as those affecting these other sets of characters, although in some cases this could be due to effects of closely linked genes. PMID:11973311

Workman, Michael Scott; Leamy, Larry J; Routman, Eric J; Cheverud, James M

2002-01-01

166

National clinical guidelines for the extraction of first permanent molars in children.  

PubMed

This article summarises recently updated guidelines produced by the Clinical Governance Directorate of the British Orthodontic Society through the Clinical Standards Committee of the Faculty of Dental Surgery, Royal College of Surgeons of England (FDSRCS) on the extraction of first permanent molars in children. The first permanent molar is susceptible to chronological enamel defects, molar-incisor hypomineralisation and caries, which may necessitate enforced extraction in the developing dentition. In the right circumstances, the extraction of these teeth can be followed by successful eruption of the second permanent molar and ultimately, third molar eruption to complete the molar dentition. For this reason, elective extraction of first permanent molars with a questionable long-term prognosis should be considered when planning enforced extractions. However, a number of factors can influence the decision-making process, including the necessity for a general anaesthetic to allow extraction, potential cooperation with restorative or orthodontic treatment and likely future preventative practice within the family. Moreover, the presence of any underlying malocclusion also needs to be evaluated within the context of extraction planning. The current available evidence has been evaluated and awarded a grade based upon those recommended by the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network. PMID:25476643

Cobourne, M T; Williams, A; Harrison, M

2014-12-01

167

on the basis of regressions of molar area versus body mass in living primates29 . The smaller  

E-print Network

on the basis of regressions of molar area versus body mass in living primates29 . The smaller sinensis from Shanghuang on the basis of molar regressions (67­ 137 g). However, several size classes seem

Packer, Alissa A.

168

Name: Seetin Question: In patients with mixed dentition, who have lost a single primary 2nd molar and require space  

E-print Network

Name: Seetin Question: In patients with mixed dentition, who have lost a single primary 2nd molar, comparison, outcome) P: Mixed dentition, lost single primary 2nd molar I: Unilateral space maintainer

Goldman, Steven A.

169

Partial molar volumes of isoniazid solutions in aqueous-ethanol mixtures at 298.15 K  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Densities (?) of antitubercular drug isoniazid solutions in water, aqueous-ethanol (20-80 vol % EtOH) and in pure ethanol at 298.15 K with different molar concentrations (0.01-0.16 mol dm-3) were measured. Experimental density data were used to calculate apparent molar volumes (? v ) of isoniazid in different media. The ? v data were fitted to Massons relation and partial molar volumes (?{/v 0}) of drug for infinitely dilute solution were determined for each solution. Experimental and derived properties were interpreted in terms of drug-solvent molecular interactions and structural fittings in studied systems.

Deosarkar, S. D.; Sawale, R. T.; Tawde, P. D.; Kalyankar, T. M.

2015-02-01

170

Radiographic evaluation of third molar genesis in Greek orthodontic patients  

PubMed Central

Objectives The study reported here investigated the first radiographic evidence of third molar (M3) formation, their incidence and distribution as well as their congenital absence on the right or the left side in either the maxilla or the mandible, in both male and female Greek orthodontic patients. Materials and methods A total of 618 panoramic radiographs were initially examined. After the application of inclusion/exclusion criteria, the group finally selected consisted of 428 patients (mean age 11.64 years, range 5–18): 179 males (mean age 11.73 ± 2.46) and 249 females (mean age 11.57 ± 2.45). The collected data were analyzed using SPSS software (IBM, Armonk, New York, NY, USA). The level of significance for all analyses was set to p = 0.05. The chi-square (?2) test was used to assess the relationships between variables. The Wilcoxon’s signed-rank test and the Mann-Whitney U test were also used for comparisons as well as the Spearman’s rho test for correlations. Results M3s were first detected in females at the age of 7 years whereas males followed one year later at the age of 8 years. A strong correlation between age and M3 development was revealed for both sexes (Spearman’s rho = 0.177, p = 0.05). Presence of all four M3s was the most common incidence (present in 70.8% of study subjects), followed by the agenesis of two (12.1%), agenesis of all four (8.4%), one (6.8%), and three (1.9%) M3s. Congenitally missing M3s in all subjects showed a significantly greater predilection for the maxilla over the mandible (19.6% and 15.5%, respectively) (Wilcoxon signed-rank test Z = ?2.404, p = 0.016). However, the distribution was found equal between the two sides of the jaws. The difference between the absent frequencies of M3s in the mandible and the maxilla was found statistically significant for the total sample (McNemar’s test, p < 0.001) and for males (p = 0.041) as well. Conclusion The study data may provide a reference for the M3 genesis in Greeks. PMID:24072974

Barka, Georgia; Marathiotis, Konstantinos; Protogerakis, Michael; Zafeiriadis, Andreas

2013-01-01

171

4-70C Propane (molar mass = 44.1 kg/kmol) poses a greater fire danger than methane (molar mass = 16 kg/kmol) since propane is heavier than air (molar mass = 29 kg/kmol), and it will settle near the floor.  

E-print Network

4-36 Ideal Gas 4-70C Propane (molar mass = 44.1 kg/kmol) poses a greater fire danger than methane (molar mass = 16 kg/kmol) since propane is heavier than air (molar mass = 29 kg/kmol), and it will settle are related to each other by R = Ru / M, where M is the molar mass of the gas. 4-73C Mass m is simply

Bahrami, Majid

172

Simplifying Chemical Reactor Design by using Molar Quantities Instead of Fractional Conversion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the advantages of using molar quantities in chemical reactor design. Advocates the use of differential versions of reactor mass balances rather than the integrated forms. Provides specific examples and cases to illustrate the principles. (ML)

Brown, Lee F.; Falconer, John L.

1987-01-01

173

How Many Digits Should We Use in Formula or Molar Mass Calculations?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The calculations of uncertainties in the formula or molar masses of compounds are streamlined. Three rules of increasing complexity are proposed, which overestimate the uncertainty so there is little if any risk that the true values are missed.

Svensson, Christer

2004-01-01

174

Risk factors associated with prolonged recovery and delayed healing after third molar surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose:We sought to identify the demographic, oral health, and surgical risk factors associated with prolonged recovery after third molar surgery using health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and clinical outcomes.

Ceib Phillips; Raymond P White; Daniel A Shugars; Xiaolei Zhou

2003-01-01

175

Identification of a nonsense mutation in the PAX9 gene in molar oligodontia.  

PubMed

Development of dentition is controlled by numerous genes, as has been shown by experimental animal studies and mutations that have been identified by genetic studies in man. Here we report a nonsense mutation in the PAX9 gene that is associated with molar tooth agenesis in a Finnish family. The A340T transversion creates a stop codon at lysine 114, and truncates the coded PAX9 protein at the end of the DNA-binding paired-box. All the affected members of the family were heterozygous for the mutation. The tooth agenesis phenotype involves all permanent second and third molars and most of the first molars and resembles the earlier reported phenotype that was also associated with a PAX9 mutation. The phenotype is presumably a consequence of haploinsufficiency of PAX9. In another Finnish family with molar tooth agenesis, we could not find similar sequence changes in PAX9. PMID:11781684

Nieminen, P; Arte, S; Tanner, D; Paulin, L; Alaluusua, S; Thesleff, I; Pirinen, S

2001-10-01

176

Use of the intraosseous screw for unilateral upper molar distalization and found well balanced occlusion  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to present a temporary anchorage device with intraosseous screw for unilateral molar distalization to make a space for the impacted premolar and to found well balanced occlusion in a case. Case presentation A 13-year-old male who have an impacted premolar is presented with skeletal Class I and dental Class 2 relationship. The screw was placed and immediately loaded to distalize the left upper first and second molar. The average distalization time to achieve an overcorrected Class I molar relationship was 3.6 months. There was no change in overjet, overbite, or mandibular plane angle measurements. Mild protrusion (0.5 mm) of the upper left central incisor was also recorded. Conclusion Immediately loaded intraosseous screw-supported anchorage unit was successful in achieving sufficient unilateral molar distalization without anchorage loss. This treatment procedure was an alternative treatment to the extraction therapy. PMID:17094798

Gelgor, Ibrahim Erhan; Karaman, Ali Ihya; Buyukyilmaz, Tamer

2006-01-01

177

Accidental Displacement of Third Molar into the Sublingual Space: a Case Report  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Background Successful extraction of third molars depends on preoperative diagnosis and planning. Gold standard preoperative examinations are performed through computed tomography, decreasing risks and avoiding potential accidents. The present report highlights the value of preoperative examinations in face of accidentally displaced third molars. Methods An 18-years-old female patient underwent a third mandibular molar extraction with a general dentist. Accidentally, the mandibular left third molar was displaced into the sublingual space, making necessary a second surgical step. The surgery was interrupted and the patient was referred to an expert in maxillofacial surgery. Results After 21 days awaiting an asymptomatic health status, the second surgical step was successfully performed using multislice computed tomography as preoperative imaging guide. Conclusions The present case report highlights the clinical usefulness of imaging planning and informed consents in face of legal and ethic potential complaints. PMID:25386232

Garcia, Robson Rodrigues; Botelho, Tessa Lucena; Franco, Ademir; Silva, Rhonan Ferreira

2014-01-01

178

Mandibular second molar with 3 mesial canals and a radix paramolaris  

PubMed Central

Mandibular first molar commonly has two roots, the mesial and the distal root. Surprisingly in some mandibular first molar has an unusual extra third root in between mesial and distal root. This extra root is the most commonly seen in lingual side and is called as radix entomolaris. If this extra root is seen on the buccal side, it is termed as radix paramolaris (RP), which is a very rare phenomenon. Recently, various case report studies has shown the presence of third canal in the mesial and distal roots of mandibular molars. They are named as middle mesial and middle distal canal, respectively. Here, we present a case report of mandibular second molar showing three canals in the mesial root and a RP. PMID:25210368

Ragavendran, N.; Bhat, Ganesh T.; Hegde, Mithra N.

2014-01-01

179

Osteomyelitis of the condyle secondary to pericoronitis of a third molar: a case and literature review.  

PubMed

In this study, we report a very unusual case of a patient with osteomyelitis of the condyle secondary to pericoronitis of an impacted third molar. The patient was treated by removal of the impacted third molar, opening of the drainage, combined with systemic application of antibiotics for two weeks. This treatment option did not lead to any functional defects or facial asymmetry. The patient fully recovered and the disease did not recur. PMID:24819410

Wang, R; Cai, Y; Zhao, Y F; Zhao, J H

2014-09-01

180

The addition of hydrogen bromide to propyne in equal molar quantities  

E-print Network

CONSTANTS, EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS. DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION. APPENDIX, REFERENCES. Page 10 16 17 22 2B 34 TABLE OF FIGURES Figure Apparatus Diagram. Infrared Spectra of Fraction Distilling Between 56 and 59 Degrees Centigrade (Reaction 58...). Page 12 Infrared Spectra (Reaction 58). Infrared Spectra (Reaction 54), of l-Bromopropene of 2-Bromopropene THE ADDITION OF HYDROGEN BROMIDE TO PROPYNE IN EQUAL MOLAR QUANTITIES INTRODUCTION In a reaction involving equal molar quantities...

Mejia, Joe Marcus

1958-01-01

181

Assessment of the lingual nerve in the third molar region using magnetic resonance imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the precise in situ location of the lingual nerve in the third molar region using high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging.Patients and Methods: Ten healthy volunteers (20 sides) with mandibular third molars underwent bilateral axial and coronal high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations of the posterior mandible and floor of the mouth from

Michael Miloro; Louis E Halkias; H. Wayne Slone; Donald W Chakeres

1997-01-01

182

Validity of Diagnosis of Questionable Caries Lesions in Occlusal Surfaces of Extracted Third Molars  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was to evaluate the accuracy of visual inspection, conventional radiography, and digital radiographic methods for the detection of occlusal carious lesions in third molars from a present-day adolescent population. Seventy-eight third molars, considered clinically to be without occlusal cavities, were extracted from young soldiers. Before extraction, an intra-oral radiograph was obtained. After extraction, the teeth were examined visually

A. Wenzel; O. Fejerskov

1992-01-01

183

Changes in life quality following third molar surgery – the immediate postoperative period  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives This study describes patients' perceptions of changes in oral health related quality of life (OHQOL) in the early postoperative period following third molar surgery.Methods One hundred patients were enrolled in a prospective cohort study of the surgical removal of lower third molars under local anaesthetic. Two specific oral health related quality of life measures, OHIP-14 and OHQoLUKResults Both oral

M B Comfort; E C M Lo; Y Luo; C McGrath

2003-01-01

184

Biodiesel from canola oil using a 1?:?1 molar mixture of methanol and ethanol  

Microsoft Academic Search

Canola oil was transesterified using a 1 : 1 molar mixture of methanol and ethanol (M\\/E) with potassium hydroxide (KOH) catalyst. The effects of catalyst concentration (0.5-1.5 wt-%), molar ratio of M\\/E to canola oil (3 : 1 to 20 : 1) and reaction temperature (25-75 7C) on the percentage yield measured after 2.5 and 5.0 min were optimized using

Hem Joshi; Joe Toler; Bryan R. Moser; Terry Walker

2009-01-01

185

No evidence to support use of glass ionomer as a fissure sealant in primary molars  

Microsoft Academic Search

DesignRandomised controlled trial in primary care setting.Intervention508 children aged 18–30 months from high caries areas of South Wales with caries-free first primary molars were recruited to the trial after informed consent. All children (n=508) received a standard package of dental health education. Children in the test group (n=241) had their first primary molars sealed with glass ionomer. All the children

Sergio Uribe

2005-01-01

186

A reliable method for evaluating upper molar distalization: Superimposition of three-dimensional digital models  

PubMed Central

Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of measurements obtained after the superimposition of three-dimensional (3D) digital models by comparing them with those obtained from lateral cephalometric radiographs and photocopies of plaster models for the evaluation of upper molar distalization. Methods Data were collected from plaster models and lateral cephalometric radiographs of 20 Class II patients whose maxillary first molars were distalized with an intraoral distalizer. The posterior movements of the maxillary first molars were evaluated using lateral cephalometric radiographs (group CP), photocopies of plaster models (group PH), and digitized 3D models (group TD). Additionally, distalization and expansion of the other teeth and the degrees of molar rotation were measured in group PH and group TD and compared between the two groups. Results No significant difference was observed regarding the amount of molar distalization among the three groups. A comparison of the aforementioned parameters between group PH and group TD did not reveal any significant difference. Conclusions 3D digital models are reliable to assess the results of upper molar distalization and can be considered a valid alternative to conventional measurement methods.

Nalcaci, Ruhi; Bicakci, Ali Altug; Ozturk, Firat; Babacan, Hasan

2015-01-01

187

Recommendations for Third Molar Removal: A Practice-Based Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Objectives We investigated general dentists’ reasons for recommending removal or retention of third molars and whether patients adhered to dentists’ recommendations. Methods In a 2-year prospective cohort study (2009–2011) in the Pacific Northwest, we followed 801 patients aged 16 to 22 years from 50 general dental practices. Generalized estimating equations logistic regressions related patient and dentist characteristics to dentists’ recommendations to remove third molars and to patient adherence. Results General dentists recommended removal of 1683 third molars from 469 (59%) participants, mainly to prevent future problems (79%) or because a third molar had an unfavorable orientation or was unlikely to erupt (57%). Dentists recommended retention and monitoring of 1244 third molars from 366 (46%) participants, because it was too early to decide (73%), eruption path was favorable (39%), or space for eruption was sufficient (26%). When dentists recommended removal, 55% of participants adhered to this recommendation during follow-up, and the main reason was availability of insurance (88%). Conclusions General dentists frequently recommended removal of third molars for reasons not related to symptoms or pathology, but rather to prevent future problems. PMID:24524519

Cunha-Cruz, Joana; Rothen, Marilynn; Spiekerman, Charles; Drangsholt, Mark; McClellan, Lyle; Huang, Greg J.

2014-01-01

188

Analysis and evaluation of relative positions of mandibular third molar and mandibular canal impacts  

PubMed Central

Objectives This study used cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images to categorize the relationships between the mandibular canal and the roots and investigated the prevalence of nerve damage. Materials and Methods Through CBCT images, contact and three-dimensional positional relationships between the roots of the mandibular third molar and the mandibular canal were investigated. With this data, prevalence of nerve damage according to the presence of contact and three-dimensional positional relationships was studied. Other factors that affected the prevalence of nerve damage were also investigated. Results When the mandibular third molar and the mandibular canal were shown to have direct contact in CBCT images, the prevalence of nerve damage was higher than in other cases. Also, in cases where the mandibular canal was horizontally lingual to the mandibular third molar and the mandibular canal was vertically at the cervical level of the mandibular third molar, the prevalence of nerve damage was higher than in opposite cases. The percentage of mandibular canal contact with the roots of the mandibular third molar was higher when the mandibular canal was horizontally lingual to the mandibular third molar. Finally, the prevalence of nerve damage was higher when the diameter of the mandibular canal lumen suddenly decreased at the contact area between the mandibular canal and the roots, as shown in CBCT images. Conclusion The three-dimensional relationship of the mandibular third molar and the mandibular canal can help predict nerve damage and can guide patient expectations of the possibility and extent of nerve damage. PMID:25551092

Kim, Hang-Gul

2014-01-01

189

Controlled, rapid uprighting of molars: a surprisingly simple solution the pivot arm appliance.  

PubMed

In orthodontic cases where the regional anatomy provides limited room for eruption, there is etiologically a higher occurrence of tipped/impacted second molars. Although second molar extraction with third molar replacement is a useful option, the "Pivot Arm Appliance" encourages the uprighting of the second molar as a preferred treatment. The most unique and important attribute of the "Pivot Arm Appliance" is the rotating tube. In cases of access limitation, the disto-occlusal surface of the molar presents as one area that is accessible. Other features of the "Pivot Arm Appliance" include: The position of the rotator tube delivers optimal rotational force through the pivoting action of the tube/arm complex. The "Pivot Arm Appliance" takes advantage of the efficiency and simplicity of a Class I lever system. The anatomical fulcrum being the dense cortical bone located anterior to the ascending ramus. The vertical spring system is compact, reliable and delivers gentle controlled force in rotational direction. The lingual location of the "Pivot Arm Appliance" does not hinder the function of the tongue, impinge on the soft tissue or interfere with normal masticatory function. The ease of placement of the rotator tube and subsequent insertion of the spring. It is well to note the uprighting appliance provides a very useful and practical approach to the unique problem of severely tipped second molars with limited buccal access. The "Pivot Arm Appliance" does not function only in these situations but can be used in all cases of second molar uprighting of a moderate to severe nature. PMID:12455424

Warise, T R; Galella, S A

2000-01-01

190

The Component Slope Linear Model for Calculating Intensive Partial Molar Properties: Application to Waste Glasses  

SciTech Connect

Partial molar properties are the changes occurring when the fraction of one component is varied while the fractions of all other component mole fractions change proportionally. They have many practical and theoretical applications in chemical thermodynamics. Partial molar properties of chemical mixtures are difficult to measure because the component mole fractions must sum to one, so a change in fraction of one component must be offset with a change in one or more other components. Given that more than one component fraction is changing at a time, it is difficult to assign a change in measured response to a change in a single component. In this study, the Component Slope Linear Model (CSLM), a model previously published in the statistics literature, is shown to have coefficients that correspond to the intensive partial molar properties. If a measured property is plotted against the mole fraction of a component while keeping the proportions of all other components constant, the slope at any given point on a graph of this curve is the partial molar property for that constituent. Actually plotting this graph has been used to determine partial molar properties for many years. The CSLM directly includes this slope in a model that predicts properties as a function of the component mole fractions. This model is demonstrated by applying it to the constant pressure heat capacity data from the NaOH-NaAl(OH{sub 4}H{sub 2}O system, a system that simplifies Hanford nuclear waste. The partial molar properties of H{sub 2}O, NaOH, and NaAl(OH){sub 4} are determined. The equivalence of the CSLM and the graphical method is verified by comparing results detennined by the two methods. The CSLM model has been previously used to predict the liquidus temperature of spinel crystals precipitated from Hanford waste glass. Those model coefficients are re-interpreted here as the partial molar spinel liquidus temperature of the glass components.

Reynolds, Jacob G. [Washington River Protection Solutions, Richland, WA (United States)

2013-01-11

191

Compositional dependent partial molar volume and compressibility of CO2 in rhyolite, phonolite and basalt glasses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Carbon dioxide is the second most abundant volatile in magmatic systems and plays an important role in many magmatic processes, e.g. partial melting, volatile saturation, outgassing. Despite this relevance, the volumetric properties of carbon-bearing silicates at relevant pressure and temperature conditions remain largely unknown because of considerable experimental difficulties associated with in situ measurements. Density and elasticity measurements on quenched glasses can provide an alternative source of information. For dissolved water, such measurements indicate that the partial molar volume is independent of compositions at ambient pressure [1], but the partial molar compressibility is not [2, 3]. Thus the partial molar volume of water may depend on melt composition at elevated pressure. For dissolved CO2, no such data is available. In order to constrain the effect of magma composition on the partial molar volume and compressibility of dissolved carbon, we determined the density and elasticity for three series of carbon-bearing basalt, phonolite and rhyolite glasses, quenched from 3.5 GPa and relaxed at ambient pressure. The CO2 content varies between 0 to 3.90 wt% depending on the glass composition. Glass densities were determined using the sink/float method in a diiodomethane (CH2I2) - acetone mixture. Brillouin measurements were conducted on relaxed and unrelaxed silicate glasses in platelet geometry to determine the compressional (VP) and shear (VS) wave velocities and elastic moduli. The partial molar volume of CO2 in rhyolite, phonolite and basalt glasses is 25.4 ± 0.9, 22.1 ± 0.6 and 26.6 ±1.8 cm3/mol, respectively. Thus, unlike for dissolved water, the partial molar volume of CO2 displays a resolvable compositional effect. Although the composition and CO2/carbonate speciation of the phonolite glasses is intermediate between that of the rhyolite and basalt glasses, the molar volume is not. Similar to dissolved water, the partial molar bulk modulus of CO2 displays a strong compositional effect. If these compositional dependencies persist in the analogue melts, the partial molar volume of dissolved CO2 will depend on melt composition, both at low and elevated pressure. Thus, for CO2-bearing melts, a full quantitative understanding of density dependent magmatic processes, such as crystal fractionation, magma mixing and melt extraction will require in situ measurements for a range of melt compositions. [1] Richet, P. et al., 2000, Contrib Mineral Petrol, 138, 337-347. [2] Malfait et al. 2011, Am. Mineral. 96, 1402-1409. [3] Whittington et al., 2012, Am. Mineral. 97, 455-467.

Lerch, P.; Seifert, R.; Malfait, W. J.; Sanchez-Valle, C.

2012-12-01

192

Cysts in Periradicular Region of Deciduous Molars in Mixed Dentition: Retrospective Study of Five Cases  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT% The cyst in mixed dentition stage cause expansion of buccal cortex, displacement of teeth and may present as case of infection. The cyst in periradicular region of deciduous molar are of frequent occurrence. The differential diagnosis of this lesion is radicular cysts of deciduous molar: developmental or infammatory dentigerous cyst of corresponding unerupted premolar. After going through the available literature of radicular cyst of deciduous molars and dentigerous cysts of developing premolars in mixed dentition we studied the five cases of cyst in periradicular region of deciduous molars in mixed dentition retrospectively for the diagnostic dilemma of radicular cyst verses dentigerous cyst. In conclusion, we can set some criteria for the diagnosis which is particularly important for treatment and for conservation of developing premolar. How to cite this article: Manekar VS, Chavan A, Wadde K, Dewalwar V. Cysts in Periradicular Region of Deciduous Molars in Mixed Dentition: Retrospective Study of Five Cases. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):229-235. PMID:25709310

Chavan, Ankush; Wadde, Kavita; Dewalwar, Vishal

2014-01-01

193

Gender Determination Using Diagonal Measurements of Maxillary Molar and Canine Teeth in Davangere Population  

PubMed Central

Background: Mesiodistal and buccolingual measurements of the teeth have been the traditional means of determining gender which sometimes are difficult to measure. Aims and Objectives: To assess the degree of sexual dimorphism in upper permanent canines and first molars using diagonal diameters and to evaluate the applicability of diagonal measurements in sex determination. Materials and Methods: Mesiobuccal-distolingual (MBDL) and distobuccal-mesiolingual (DBML) measurements of the crown and cervix of maxillary canine and maxillary molar were taken using digital vernier callipers in 100 upper dental casts obtained from 50 males and 50 females of the age group of 17-25 y. Results: With step wise discriminant function analysis, results were statistically significant with males showing higher diagonal measurement values. The classification accuracy for males was 69% and in females was 73% with overall accuracy of 71%. Results showed that canines exhibited highest accuracy with cervical measurements being more dimorphic. MBDL measurements were found to be more reliable. Most dimorphicmeasurements included right molar cervical MBDL, left molar cervical MBDL followed by right and left molar crown MBDL. Conclusion: In cases of tooth rotations, crowding, certain fillings and attritions where traditional mesio-distal and bucco-lingual measurements are not applicable, diagonal measurements could be of help in predicting gender. PMID:25584308

Tarigoppula, Ratna Kumari V. N.; Kulkarni, Pavan G; BS, Anil

2014-01-01

194

Prevalence of cysts and tumors around the retained and unerupted third molars in the Indian population  

PubMed Central

Aim Tooth impaction is a frequent phenomena and surgical removal of these teeth are the commonest of the dental surgical procedures. The debate over the removal of asymptomatic impacted third molars still continues. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the incidence of development of cysts and tumors around the retained and unerupted third molars in the Indian population. Material and methods 5486 impacted third molars of 4133 patients were studied through the panoramic radiographs for the presence of associated cysts and tumors. The ages of the patients ranged from 17 to 67 years, with a mean of 33.7 years. The results were evaluated using the Pearson chi-square test. P-values less than 0.05 were considered to be statistically significant. Results There were 134 cysts (2.24%) and 63 tumors (1.16%) found that were associated with impacted third molars, of which 3 were malignant (0.05%). 143 patients had symptoms such as swelling or pain due to cystic or neoplastic lesions. The remainder 54 patients had no symptoms suggestive of pathology. The most common cyst was dentigerous cyst and the most common tumor was ameloblastoma. Conclusion The results indicate that cysts and tumors do develop in a relatively small but still considerable minority of patients. The fact that a considerable number of patients had no signs or symptoms indicating pathology is certainly worth considering. Consultation should be sought from dental specialists if there are symptoms in the third molar region. PMID:25737923

Patil, Santosh; Halgatti, Vishal; Khandelwal, Suneet; Santosh, B.S.; Maheshwari, Sneha

2014-01-01

195

Radix Entomolaris in Mandibular First Molars in Indian Population: A Review and Case Reports  

PubMed Central

Purpose. The aim of this paper is to present cases of mandibular first molars with an additional distolingual root and their management using appropriate instruments and techniques. Basic Procedures and Main Findings. Mandibular molars can sometimes present a variation called radix entomolaris, wherein the tooth has an extra root attached to its lingual aspect. This additional root may complicate the endodontic management of the tooth if it is misdiagnosed or maltreated. This paper reviews the prevalence of such cases in Indian population and reports the management of 6 such teeth. Principal Conclusions. (1) It is crucial to be familiar with variations in tooth/canal anatomy and characteristic features since such knowledge can aid location and negotiation of canals, as well as their subsequent management. (2) Accurate diagnosis and careful application of clinical endodontic skill can favorably alter the prognosis of mandibular molars with this root morphology. PMID:23125938

Attam, Kanika; Nawal, Ruchika Roongta; Utneja, Shivani; Talwar, Sangeeta

2012-01-01

196

Formation of polyelectrolyte complexes with diethylaminoethyl dextran: charge ratio and molar mass effect.  

PubMed

The formation of polyelectrolyte complexes (PECs) between carboxymethyl pullulan and DEAE Dextran, was investigated, in dilute solution, with emphasis on the effect of charge density (molar ratio or pH) and molar masses. Electrophoretic mobility measurements have evidenced that insoluble PECs (neutral electrophoretic mobility) occurs for charge ratio between 0.6 (excess of polycation) and 1 (stoichiometry usual value) according to the pH. This atypical result is explained by the inaccessibility of some permanent cationic charge when screened by pH dependant cationic ones (due to the Hoffman alkylation). Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) indicates an endothermic formation of PEC with a binding constant around 10(5) L mol(-1). Finally asymmetrical flow field flow fractionation coupled on line with static multi angle light scattering (AF4/MALS) evidences soluble PECs with very large average molar masses and size around 100 nm, in agreement with scrambled eggs multi-association between various polyelectrolyte chains. PMID:25256478

Le Cerf, Didier; Pepin, Anne Sophie; Niang, Pape Momar; Cristea, Mariana; Karakasyan-Dia, Carole; Picton, Luc

2014-11-26

197

Accessory Central Cusp in the Maxillary Second Primary Molars: A Rare Entity among the Rare  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT% Central accessory cusp in primary molars is an extremely rare condition which is due to abnormal proliferation and folding of inner enamel epithelium during morphodifferentiation stage of tooth development. The extension of the pulp in the cuspal area is often the reason for early involvement of pulp by the caries process. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment planning is necessary to maintain the integrity of primary dental arch. This article reports such a case of central accessory cusps involving maxillary second primary molars. How to cite this article: Chandra B, Das M. Accessory Central Cusp in the Maxillary Second Primary Molars: A Rare Entity among the Rare. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):202-205. PMID:25709302

Das, Monalisa

2014-01-01

198

Asymmetry in mesial root number and morphology in mandibular second molars: a case report  

PubMed Central

Ambiguity in the root morphology of the mandibular second molars is quite common. The most common root canal configuration is 2 roots and 3 canals, nonetheless other possibilities may still exist. The presence of accessory roots is an interesting example of anatomic root variation. While the presence of radix entomolaris or radix paramolaris is regarded as a typical clinical finding of a three-rooted mandibular second permanent molar, the occurrence of an additional mesial root is rather uncommon and represents a possibility of deviation from the regular norms. This case report describes successful endodontic management of a three-rooted mandibular second molar presenting with an unusual accessory mesial root, which was identified with the aid of multiangled radiographs and cone-beam computed tomography imaging. This article also discusses the prevalence, etiology, morphological variations, clinical approach to diagnosis, and significance of supernumerary roots in contemporary clinical dentistry. PMID:24516829

Shetty, Shashit; Shekhar, Rhitu

2014-01-01

199

Tuning of magnetic properties in cobalt ferrite by varying Fe+2 and Co+2 molar ratios  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Different grades of magnetic cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) nanoparticles were synthesized with various molar ratios of Fe+2 to Co+2 ions in the initial salt solutions by the co-precipitation method. The crystal structure and morphology of the nanoparticles are obtained from X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy studies. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis exhibited the Fe-O stretching vibration ~540 cm-1, confirming the formation of metal oxide. The magnetic studies demonstrate that all of the nanoparticles are superparamagnetic at 300 K. The saturation magnetization and coercivity of the CoFe2O4 nanoparticles are affected by the molar ratios of Fe+2 to Co+2 ions. Among all the synthesized nanoparticles, the system with 75:25 molar ratio of Fe+2 to Co+2 ions with a particle size of 13 nm showed a high magnetization of 90 emu/g.

Biswal, Dipti; Peeples, Brianna N.; Peeples, Caryn; Pradhan, Aswini K.

2013-11-01

200

Early treatment of an ectopic premolar to prevent molar-premolar transposition.  

PubMed

Orthodontic treatment is planned on an individual, case-by-case basis after thoroughly considering the patient's overall facial and dental characteristics, the expected duration of treatment, costs, patient preferences, and the orthodontist's experience. This article reports the treatment of a patient with a maxillary premolar-molar transposition in the permanent dentition that was successfully managed with orthodontic treatment. A girl, aged 10 years 2 months, came for treatment with an ectopic maxillary left premolar. Radiographic analysis indicated a developing complete transposition of the maxillary left premolar. The patient was treated with extraction of the deciduous molar and surgical exposure and ligation of the premolar. Eruption was properly guided, and the correct order of the 2 teeth was restored in the arch. This challenging treatment approach is described in detail, including the mechanics used to align the ectopic premolar. Early treatment can, in many cases, prevent a molar-premolar transposition. PMID:23561418

Cannavale, Rosangela; Matarese, Giovanni; Isola, Gaetano; Grassia, Vincenzo; Perillo, Letizia

2013-04-01

201

Survival and success rate of one-piece implant inserted in molar sites  

PubMed Central

Background: Recently, the use of one-piece implants (OPI) has become more popular. Since no reports specifically focus on OPIs inserted in molar areas, a retrospective study has been performed. Materials and Methods: A series of 36 OPIs (Diamond; BIOIMPLANT, Milan, Italy) were inserted into the molar area of patients admitted at the Dental Clinic, University of Chieti, Italy, for oral rehabilitation between January and December 2010. Results: In our series survival rate (SVR) and success rate (SCR) were 91.7% and 97%, respectively. Statistical analysis demonstrated that no studied variable has an impact on survival (i.e., lost implants) as well as on clinical success (i.e., crestal bone resorption). Conclusion: OPIs are reliable devices for oral rehabilitation in the molar areas. PMID:23814575

Carinci, Francesco

2012-01-01

202

Changes in Apparent Molar Water Volume and DKP Solubility Yield Insights on the Hofmeister Effect  

PubMed Central

This study examines the properties of a 4 × 2 matrix of aqueous cations and anions at concentrations up to 8.0 M. The apparent molar water volume, as calculated by subtracting the mass and volume of the ions from the corresponding solution density, was found to exceed the molar volume of ice in many concentrated electrolyte solutions, underscoring the non-ideal behavior of these systems. The solvent properties of water were also analyzed by measuring the solubility of diketopiperazine (DKP) in 2.000 M salt solutions prepared from the same ion combinations. Solution rankings for DKP solubility were found to parallel the Hofmeister series for both cations and anions, whereas molar water volume concurred with the cation series only. The results are discussed within the framework of a desolvation energy model that attributes solute-specific changes in equilibria to solute-dependent changes in the free energy of bulk water. PMID:22029390

Payumo, Alexander Y.; Huijon, R. Michael; Mansfield, Deauna D.; Belk, Laurel M.; Bui, Annie K.; Knight, Anne E.; Eggers, Daryl K.

2011-01-01

203

Description, Nomenclature, and Mapping of a Novel Cerebello-Renal Syndrome with the Molar Tooth Malformation  

PubMed Central

Cerebello-oculo-renal syndromes (CORSs) and Joubert syndrome (JS) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous autosomal recessive syndromes that share a complex neuroradiological malformation resembling a molar tooth on brain axial images, a condition referred to as “molar tooth on imaging” (MTI) or the “molar tooth sign.” The current literature on these syndromes is complex, with overlapping and incomplete phenotypes that complicate the selection of clinically homogeneous cases for genetic purposes. So far, only one locus (JBTS1 on 9q34) has been mapped, in two families with JS. Here, we describe a large consanguineous family with JS and nephronophthisis, representing a novel cerebello-renal phenotype. We have mapped this condition to the pericentromeric region of chromosome 11 and have named the locus “CORS2.” The acronym “CORS” is proposed for all loci associated with JS, CORSs, and related phenotypes sharing the MTI, because this neuroradiological sign seems to be the unifying feature of these clinically heterogeneous syndromes. PMID:12908130

Valente, Enza Maria; Salpietro, Damiano Carmelo; Brancati, Francesco; Bertini, Enrico; Galluccio, Tiziana; Tortorella, Gaetano; Briuglia, Silvana; Dallapiccola, Bruno

2003-01-01

204

[Realization of algorithm on finishing optimization-tool-path generation for high-speed machining molar crown].  

PubMed

Molar crown is very small and has not only thin-wall, but also complex profile, especially, the occlusal surface of each molar crown has many cusps, ridges and fossae being differently distributed. When conventional processing method is used, it is impossible to machine molar prosthesis rapidly and exactly. To enhance machining velocity and improve the surface precision of molar crown, an algorithm of entity rapid offset-based STL format is put forward. By the application of Zigzag toolpath planning and micro-machining cutter, the finishing toolpaths for high speed milling molar prosthesis are generated. In terms of Mikron UCP800 high-speed machine center, the molar all-crown made of alloy aluminum material is successfully machined. The test results show that the algorithm of tool-path generation works fast, the number of toolpaths is small, and the cutter feeds smoothly. PMID:19947500

Sun, Quanping; Chen, Xiaogang; Chen, Qianliang; Dai, Ning; Liao, Wenhe; He, Ning

2009-10-01

205

A Case of Oro-antral Communication Closed by Autotransplantation of Third Molar.  

PubMed

A number of surgical treatment modalities have been described in literature for closure of oro-antral communications. None of the methods however provide for immediate prosthetic rehabilitation of the communication site. We describe a case of oro-antral communication treated using autogenous third molar transplantation. At 18 months of follow-up, the transplanted tooth was functioning well with radiographic evidence of lamina dura and periodontal ligament. Its root-tip was still seen projecting into the maxillary sinus. This report suggests that when possible, autotransplantation of third molar can be a simple and excellent choice for closure of oro-antral communications. PMID:25848156

Nagori, Shakil Ahmed; Jose, Anson; Bhutia, Ongkila; Roychoudhury, Ajoy

2015-03-01

206

The magnitude of a human bite measured exactly at the molar Intercuspidation using FBG  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of the study is to develop a new punctual method to determine the human bite force, between uppers and lowers first molars, at the moment of occlusion in maximum intercuspation. Fibre optic Bragg gratings are encapsulated in an acetate splint made by casting of a volunteer lower dentition. Splint sensor was positioned into the mouth to be pressured with minimal occlusal interference. The transversal pressure on the FBG was acquired at the moment of before occlusion (free), occlusion and biting. The measured forces were 12N during occlusion and 28N bite force, between right uppers and lowers first molars.

Marin, Gabriela Costa; Milczewski, Maura S.; Abe, Ilda; Lopes, Stephani C. P. S.; Camargo, Elisa S.; Kalinowski, Hypolito J.

2014-05-01

207

Maxillary first molar with 8 root canals detected by CBCT scanning: a case report.  

PubMed

Maxillary molars are prone to exhibit some of the most complex root canal configurations in endodontics. These complexities can result in diagnostic dilemmas, as well as management challenges. This case report illustrates how a cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scan confirmed an unusual maxillary first molar with 3 root canals each in the mesiobuccal and distobuccal roots and 2 canals in the palatal root. This article illustrates how CBCT scanning and a dental operating microscope can facilitate a better understanding of complex root canal anatomies, ultimately allowing the dentist to clean, shape, and obturate root canal systems more efficiently. PMID:25734290

Almeida, Gustavo; Machado, Ricardo; Sanches Cunha, Rodrigo; Vansan, Luiz Pascoal; Neelakantan, Prasanna

2015-01-01

208

Negative urine pregnancy test in a molar pregnancy: is it possible?  

PubMed

A urine pregnancy test is commonly used to detect pregnancy and is based on finding intact ?-human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) molecules in the urine by an immunoassay system. However, the significantly large amount of ?-hCG in molar pregnancy may paradoxically lead to a false-negative result due to a phenomenon known as the 'high dose hook effect'. A case of molar pregnancy with negative urine pregnancy test but very high serum ?-hCG is reported. Every obstetrician should be aware of this limitation in the presence of a high index of suspicion of gestational trophoblastic disease but negative urine pregnancy test. PMID:25378114

Nigam, Aruna; Kumari, Archana; Gupta, Nidhi

2014-01-01

209

Upper molar distalization on palatal miniscrews: an easy to manage palatal appliance.  

PubMed

Upper molar distalization supported by miniscrews has become increasingly popular in the last years. A detailed clinical and lab procedure for the realization of a distalization appliance (fast back or distal jet) connected to miniscrews inserted in the anterior region of the palate is presented. A case report illustrates the use of a fast back appliance supported by miniscrews to correct the mesial shift of the molars and of the premolars as a consequence of an early loss of the maxillary deciduous canines. PMID:22583590

Huanca Ghislanzoni, Luis Tomas; Piepoli, Claudio

2012-05-01

210

Characterization of Alternan, a high molar mass polysaccharide from Leuconostoc mesenteroides, by FFF-MALS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Native alternan is a high molar mass homopolymer of D-glucose produced by some strains of the bacterium Lueconostoc mesenteroides. It consists of glucose units that alternate their linkages between alpha-(1-6) and alpha-(1-3) between glucosyl units. The glucose units contained in the polysaccharid...

211

How to measure and predict the molar absorption coefficient of a protein  

Microsoft Academic Search

The molar absorption coefficient, E, of a protein is usually based on concentrations measured by dry weight, ni- trogen, or amino acid analysis. The studies reported here suggest that the Edelhoch method is the best method for measuring E for a protein. (This method is described by Gill and von Hippel (1989, Anal Biochem 182:319- 3261 and is based on

C. Nick Pace; Felix Vajdos; Lanette Fee; Gerald Grimsley; Theronica Gray

1995-01-01

212

Endodontic management of a mandibular second molar with radix entomolaris: a case report  

PubMed Central

The presence of radix entomolaris (RE) in a mandibular first molar is a common occurrence in certain ethnic groups, but the presence of RE in a mandibular second molar is a rare occurrence. In the present case, RE was identified from preoperative radiographs and confirmed using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The access cavity was modified to locate the RE. Cleaning and shaping were performed with nickel-titanium rotary instruments. Obturation was completed with gutta-percha cones using AH Plus (Dentsply Detrey GmbH) as sealer. From the CBCT axial images, the RE was determined to have a Type III curvature by the De Moor classification, Type B separate RE by the Carlsen and Alexandersen classification, and radiographically, a Type i image by the Wang classification. The presence of RE in the mandibular second molar makes it essential to anticipate and treat the distolingual root canal. This case report highlights the usefulness of CBCT for assessing RE in the mandibular second molar, which can help the clinician in making a confirmatory diagnosis and assessing the morphology of the root canal. PMID:24790927

Kandaswamy, Deivanayagam; Jayaprakash, Nachimuthu

2014-01-01

213

Endodontic management of a mandibular second molar with radix entomolaris: a case report.  

PubMed

The presence of radix entomolaris (RE) in a mandibular first molar is a common occurrence in certain ethnic groups, but the presence of RE in a mandibular second molar is a rare occurrence. In the present case, RE was identified from preoperative radiographs and confirmed using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The access cavity was modified to locate the RE. Cleaning and shaping were performed with nickel-titanium rotary instruments. Obturation was completed with gutta-percha cones using AH Plus (Dentsply Detrey GmbH) as sealer. From the CBCT axial images, the RE was determined to have a Type III curvature by the De Moor classification, Type B separate RE by the Carlsen and Alexandersen classification, and radiographically, a Type i image by the Wang classification. The presence of RE in the mandibular second molar makes it essential to anticipate and treat the distolingual root canal. This case report highlights the usefulness of CBCT for assessing RE in the mandibular second molar, which can help the clinician in making a confirmatory diagnosis and assessing the morphology of the root canal. PMID:24790927

Hannah, Rosaline; Kandaswamy, Deivanayagam; Jayaprakash, Nachimuthu

2014-05-01

214

Is Overweight a Risk Factor for Adverse Events during Removal of Impacted Lower Third Molars?  

PubMed Central

Being overweight is recognised as a significant risk factor for several morbidities; however, the experience of the dentistry faculties focusing on this population is still low. The aim of the present study was to determine the occurrence of adverse events during removal of impacted lower third molars in overweight patients. A prospective cohort study was carried out involving overweight patients subjected to surgical removal of impacted lower third molar as part of a line of research on third molar surgery. Predictor variables indicative of the occurrence of adverse events during surgery were classified by their demographic, clinical, radiographic, and surgical aspects. Descriptive and bivariate statistics were computed. In total, 140 patients fulfilled the eligibility criteria, and 280 surgeries were performed. Patients' mean age was 25.1 ± 2.2 years, and the proportion of women to men was 3?:?1. Eight different adverse events during surgery were recorded. These events occurred in approximately 29.3% of cases and were significantly associated with predictor variables (P < 0.05). Excess weight is recognised as a risk factor for the high rate of adverse events in impacted third molar surgery. The study suggests that overweight patients are highly likely to experience morbidities. PMID:25548786

de Carvalho, Ricardo Wathson Feitosa; do Egito Vasconcelos, Belmiro Cavalcanti

2014-01-01

215

Molar Mass Profiling of Synthetic Polymers by Free-Solution Capillary Electrophoresis of  

E-print Network

Molar Mass Profiling of Synthetic Polymers by Free-Solution Capillary Electrophoresis of DNA of the DNA-polymer conju- gates as a function of the size of the uncharged PEG tail. This provides a profile) (PEG)), based upon single-monomer resolution of DNA-polymer conjugates by free-solution capillary

Barron, Annelise E.

216

Post-natal Effect of Overexpressed DKK1 on Mandibular Molar Formation  

PubMed Central

Dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1) is a potent inhibitor of Wnt/?-catenin signaling. Dkk1-null mutant embryos display severe defects in head induction. Conversely, targeted expression of Dkk1 in dental epithelial cells leads to the formation of dysfunctional enamel knots and subsequent tooth defects during embryonic development. However, its role in post-natal dentinogenesis is largely unknown. To address this issue, we studied the role of DKK1 in post-natal dentin development using 2.3-kb Col1a1-Dkk1 transgenic mice, with the following key findings: (1) The Dkk1 transgene was highly expressed in pulp and odontoblast cells during post-natal developmental stages; (2) the 1st molar displayed short roots, an enlarged pulp/root canal region, and a decrease in the dentin formation rate; (3) a small malformed second molar and an absent third molar; (4) an increase of immature odontoblasts, few mature odontoblasts, and sharply reduced dentinal tubules; and (5) a dramatic change in Osx and nestin expression. We propose that DKK1 controls post-natal mandibular molar dentin formation either directly or indirectly via the inhibition of Wnt signaling at the following aspects: (i) post-natal dentin formation, (ii) formation and/or maintenance of the dentin tubular system, (iii) mineralization of the dentin, and (iv) regulation of molecules such as Osx and nestin. PMID:21917600

Han, X.L.; Liu, M.; Voisey, A.; Ren, Y.S.; Kurimoto, P.; Gao, T.; Tefera, L.; Dechow, P.; Ke, H.Z.; Feng, J.Q.

2011-01-01

217

Femto-Molar Sensitive Field Effect Transistor Biosensors Based on Silicon Nanowires and  

E-print Network

Femto-Molar Sensitive Field Effect Transistor Biosensors Based on Silicon Nanowires and Antibodies-- This article presents electrically-based sensors made of high quality silicon nanowire field effect transistors characterizing the early stage of the diseases. Devices like field-effect transistors (FETs) can be suitable can

Dalang, Robert C.

218

Ovulation stimulation after treatment for a molar pregnancy for or against?  

PubMed

The case of a 29-year-old patient who underwent invitro fertilization due to secondary sterility, after a spontaneous but molar pregnancy, is described. Afterwards there was no spontaneous conception for five years. With the couple's consent, we decided to perform in vitro fertilization, i.e., ovulation induction and the ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) method. PMID:19317269

Gojnic, M; Dugalic, V; Brankovic, M; Pervulov, M; Vasiljevic, B; Fazlagic, A

2009-01-01

219

Temperature Dependence of Excess Molar Volumes of Ethanol + Water + Ethyl Acetate  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to design and optimize equipment needed for production of distilled alcoholic beverages, an adequate knowledge of their physical properties and phase equilibria is necessary. The key thermodynamic information needed is for those chemicals that are the main components in terms of nonideal behavior. In this paper we present the temperature dependence of the excess molar volumes of the

J. M. Resa; C. González; J. M. Goenaga; M. Iglesias

2004-01-01

220

Distal movement of mandibular molars in adult patients with the skeletal anchorage system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The skeletal anchorage system (SAS) consists of titanium anchor plates and monocortical screws that are temporarily placed in either the maxilla or the mandible, or in both, as absolute orthodontic anchorage units. Distalization of the molars has been one of the most difficult biomechanical problems in traditional orthodontics, particularly in adults and in the mandible. However, it has now become

Junji Sugawara; Takayoshi Daimaruya; Mikako Umemori; Hiroshi Nagasaka; Ichiro Takahashi; Hiroshi Kawamura; Hideo Mitani

2004-01-01

221

Critical flux in NF of high molar mass polysaccharides and effluents from the paper industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

High molar mass polysaccharides (locust bean gum and karaya gum) and effluents from a mechanical pulp mill and a paper mill were nanofiltered with commercially available nanofiltration (NF) membranes. The effect of the filtration conditions on the flux (critical flux), retention, and the fouling of the membranes was studied. The experiments were conducted by increasing and decreasing the pressure and

M Mänttäri; M Nyström

2000-01-01

222

Molar Functional Relations and Clinical Behavior Analysis: Implications for Assessment and Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experimental analysis of behavior has identified several molar functional relations that are highly relevant to clinical behavior analysis. These include matching, discounting, momentum, and variability. Matching provides a broader analysis of how multiple sources of reinforcement influence how individuals choose to allocate their time and…

Waltz, Thomas J.; Follette, William C.

2009-01-01

223

Determination of the Molar Volume of Hydrogen from the Metal-Acid Reaction: An Experimental Alternative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an alternative technique for determining the molar volume of hydrogen from the metal-acid reaction in which the metal sample is encased in a specially prepared cage and a pipette filler is used to fill an inverted burette with water. Eliminates some difficulties encountered with the conventional technique. (JRH)

de Berg, Kevin; Chapman, Ken

1996-01-01

224

Molar Tooth Sign in Joubert Syndrome: Clinical, Radiologic, and Pathologic Significance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Joubert syndrome is a rare autosomal-recessive condition characterized by early hyperpnea and apnea, developmental delay, and truncal ataxia. We previously described key ocular motor signs in Joubert syndrome and the molar tooth sign resulting from dysplasia of the isthmic segment of the brain stem, superior cerebellar peduncles, and vermis. In this study, we obtained clinical and developmental data in 61

Bernard L. Maria; Ronald G. Quisling; Louis C. Rosainz; Anthony T. Yachnis; Jill Gitten; Duane Dede; Eileen Fennell

1999-01-01

225

Closing anterior open bites by intruding molars with titanium miniplate anchorage  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intent of this study was threefold: (1) to validate true intrusion of molars in adults, (2) to test the stability of miniplates as anchorage for intruding posterior teeth in the maxilla, and (3) to record the skeletal and dental changes of open-bite closure. Four adult patients who had anterior open-bite malocclusions were selected to undergo posterior intrusion with miniplate

Keith H. Sherwood; James G. Burch; William J. Thompson

2002-01-01

226

Validation of common classification systems for assessing the mineralization of third molars  

Microsoft Academic Search

One major criterion for dental age estimation is the evaluation of third molar mineralization. There are various methods for evaluating tooth mineralization based on classification by stages. The aim of the present work is to assess the validity of the common classification systems. To this end, we analyzed 420 conventional orthopantomograms of German females aged 12–25 years old. The mineralization

Andreas Olze; Dominique Bilang; Sven Schmidt; Klaus-Dieter Wernecke; Gunther Geserick; Andreas Schmeling

2005-01-01

227

Sensory impairment of the lingual and inferior alveolar nerves following removal of impacted mandibular third molars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract.In a prospective study 1106 impacted mandibular third molars were removed from 687 patients. Clinical, radiographic, and surgical factors were recorded. Postoperatively, we examined the modalities of common sensation in order to assess sensory deficit. The patients were followed up, until complete restitution occurred, or, if the sensibility failed to recover, for at least 6 months. A total of 3.6%

D. Gülicher; K. L. Gerlach

2001-01-01

228

Concentration dependence of specific and molar refractions of KOH + {ethanol-water} mixtures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Densities and refractive indices of KOH solutions of three different concentrations in solutions of ethanol in water with different concentrations were measured at 303.15 K. From densities and refractive indices the specific refractions and molar refractions were estimated and interpreted in terms of molecular interactions. Concentration dependence of ( n {/D 2} - 1)/( n {/D 2} + 2) has been studied.

Deosarkar, S. D.

2013-08-01

229

40 CFR 1065.642 - SSV, CFV, and PDP molar flow rate calculations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...flow rates from various flow meters. After you calibrate a flow meter according to § 1065.640, use the calculations described in this section to calculate flow during an emission test...mix-cal = molar mass of gas mixture used during...

2014-07-01

230

Temporomandibular joint loading generated during bilateral static bites at molars and premolars  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to investigate the features of the loading vectors of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) generated during bilateral static bites at the molars and at the premolars, and to determine the major factors affecting the difference between the two loading vectors. We computed the subjects’ estimated and theoretical minimum TMJ loadings under the two different bite

Makoto Abe; Raul U. Medina-Martinez; Ken-ichi Itoh; Shoji Kohno

2006-01-01

231

[Dental health of first molars among Westphalian immigrants and German students].  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to assess the health status of the occlusal surface on the first molars of Westphalian students, of whom 41.0% were immigrants. The prevalence and retention of fissure sealants (FS) and caries experience was scored for 161 students aged 8 and 10 years. Logistic regression analysis was used to predict the influence of sex, ethnicity, and retention of FS on the occlusal caries risk of the first molars. There was no difference in caries prevalence and experience in 8-year-old German students and immigrants (5.6%/10.5%; 0.07 DMFT/0.21 DMFT), both parameters were significantly higher in 10-year-old immigrants than in German students (25.5%/9.5%; 0.55 DMFT/0.11 DMFT). The prevalence and number of molars with FS was not different between German students and immigrants at 8 years (39.1%, 1.28 FS; 33.8%, 0.94 FS) and at 10 years of age (47.4%, 1.68 FS; 39.4%, 1.17 FS). The occlusal caries risk of first molars without FS was significantly higher in 8-year-old immigrants than in German students (OR 4.62). FS should be used more frequently in daily dental practice. To improve the quality of FS, stricter implementation of guideline-based standards is required. PMID:24297452

Heinrich-Weltzien, R; Walther, M; Goddon, I; Kühnisch, J

2014-01-01

232

Sensibility and taste alterations after impacted lower third molar extractions. A prospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To determine the incidence, severity and duration of lingual tactile and gustatory function impairments after lower third molar removal. Study Design: Prospective cohort study with intra-subject measures of 16 patients undergoing lower third molar extractions. Sensibility and gustatory functions were evaluated in each subject preoperatively, one week and one month after the extraction, using Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments and 5 different concentrations of NaCl, respectively. Additionally, all patients filled a questionnaire to assess subjective perceptions. Results: Although patients did not perceive any sensibility impairments, a statistically significant decrease was detected when Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments. This alteration was present at one week after the surgical procedure and fully recovered one month after the extraction. There were no variations regarding the gustatory function. Conclusions: Lower third molar removal under local anesthesia may cause light lingual sensibility impairment. Most of these alterations remain undetected to patients. These lingual nerve injuries are present one week after the extraction and recover one month after surgery. The taste seems to remain unaffected after these procedures. Key words:Lingual nerve, third molar, nerve injury, paresthesia, surgical extraction PMID:22322520

Ridaura-Ruiz, Lourdes; Valmaseda-Castellón, Eduard; Berini-Aytés, Leonardo; Gay-Escoda, Cosme

2012-01-01

233

Radix mesiolingualis and radix distolingualis in a collection of permanent maxillary molars.  

PubMed

Two lingual root structures are occasionally found on human permanent maxillary molars. One of these is the normal lingual root, which is always present, the other is a supernumerary structure which can be located either mesiolingually (radix mesiolingualis (RML)) or distolingually (radix distolingualis (RDL)). The available literature refers only to the existence and location of RML and RDL Very small materials have, quite simply, hitherto precluded a more detailed description of these roots. The large collection of extracted teeth at the School of Dentistry in Copenhagen now includes a non-random subcollection of 145 permanent maxillary molars, the root complex of which contains 2 lingual root structures. Based on this material it was possible to undertake a modern, systematic analysis of the macromorphological variation of RMLs and RDLs. In this study, which was mainly non-metric, criteria for the identification of RML and RDL were established. The analysis also showed that the lingual supernumerary roots were only rarely found on the first molar, but with increasing frequency on the second and third molars. Both separate and non-separate RML and RDL were observed. In the material, degrees of separation greater than 0.9 were registered, degrees of divergence up to approximately 45 degrees, an apical bend of approximately 90 degrees, and extreme apical slenderness. Even though the supernumerary roots described here do not occur very often, knowing about them is nevertheless clinically relevant in for example endodontic and surgical contexts. PMID:11144874

Carlsen, O; Alexandersen, V

2000-10-01

234

Effect of Sensory Denervation on the Response of Rat Molar Pulp to Exposure Injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sensory nerve fibers that contain calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) have been shown previously to sprout into inflamed tissue surrounding sites of pulpal injury. The sprouting fibers contain increased CGRP immunoreactivity (IR), and neuropeptide levels increase in the surrounding pulp. We compared denervated and innervated first mandibular molars of rats to determine whether the absence of sensory nerve fibers affected tissue

M. R. Byers; P. E. Taylor

1993-01-01

235

Original article Effects of pH and Ca/P molar ratio  

E-print Network

phosphates from dairy co-products. pH is also important in the fouling phenomena of membranes and heatOriginal article Effects of pH and Ca/P molar ratio on the quantity and crystalline structure in dairy industry depend on the physico-chemical conditions, particularly, pH and mineral composition

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

236

Post-natal effect of overexpressed DKK1 on mandibular molar formation.  

PubMed

Dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1) is a potent inhibitor of Wnt/?-catenin signaling. Dkk1-null mutant embryos display severe defects in head induction. Conversely, targeted expression of Dkk1 in dental epithelial cells leads to the formation of dysfunctional enamel knots and subsequent tooth defects during embryonic development. However, its role in post-natal dentinogenesis is largely unknown. To address this issue, we studied the role of DKK1 in post-natal dentin development using 2.3-kb Col1a1-Dkk1 transgenic mice, with the following key findings: (1) The Dkk1 transgene was highly expressed in pulp and odontoblast cells during post-natal developmental stages; (2) the 1(st) molar displayed short roots, an enlarged pulp/root canal region, and a decrease in the dentin formation rate; (3) a small malformed second molar and an absent third molar; (4) an increase of immature odontoblasts, few mature odontoblasts, and sharply reduced dentinal tubules; and (5) a dramatic change in Osx and nestin expression. We propose that DKK1 controls post-natal mandibular molar dentin formation either directly or indirectly via the inhibition of Wnt signaling at the following aspects: (i) post-natal dentin formation, (ii) formation and/or maintenance of the dentin tubular system, (iii) mineralization of the dentin, and (iv) regulation of molecules such as Osx and nestin. PMID:21917600

Han, X L; Liu, M; Voisey, A; Ren, Y S; Kurimoto, P; Gao, T; Tefera, L; Dechow, P; Ke, H Z; Feng, J Q

2011-11-01

237

Regaining leeway space and anterior crossbite correction with a modified maxillary molar distalizing appliance.  

PubMed

During the mixed dentition stage, adolescents experience rapid dental and skeletal development. Unfortunately, many of them do not visit the orthodontist early enough and miss out on the opportunity to take advantage of preventive and interceptive orthodontic treatment. This article describes the management of regaining leeway space and correcting anterior crossbite using a modified maxillary molar distalizing appliance. PMID:23855181

Park, J H; Tai, K; Ikeda, M; Kanao, A

2013-01-01

238

A method for studying optical anisotropy of polymers as a function of molar mass.  

PubMed

Optical properties of polymers are extremely important in many end-use applications, as is the ability of anisotropic polymers to depolarize incident radiation. To date, most light-scattering studies of the optical anisotropy of macromolecules have dealt with the bulk state or measured ensemble properties of dilute solutions. Here, we introduce a method to determine the optical anisotropy as a continuous function of molar mass. By direct, on-line coupling of size-exclusion chromatography and depolarization multiangle light scattering (SEC/D-MALS), molar mass averages, polydispersities, molar mass distributions, and the distribution of the optical anisotropy as a function of molar mass may all be determined. To quantify the anisotropy, it has been expressed in terms of the Cabannes factor, thus permitting the Rayleigh ratio necessary for light-scattering calculations to be corrected for anisotropy. The effects of tacticity, heavy atom substitution on the main chain, and chain helicity on the depolarization behavior of polymers have been studied using atactic and isotactic PMMA; atactic and brominated PS; and the semiflexible polypeptide PBLG, which maintains an extended structure in solution. An introduction to the theory of SEC/D-MALS is given. PMID:12141659

Striegel, André M

2002-07-01

239

Use of the intraosseous screw for unilateral upper molar distalization and found well balanced occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to present a temporary anchorage device with intraosseous screw for unilateral molar distalization to make a space for the impacted premolar and to found well balanced occlusion in a case. CASE PRESENTATION: A 13-year-old male who have an impacted premolar is presented with skeletal Class I and dental Class 2 relationship. The screw

Ibrahim Erhan Gelgor; Ali Ihya Karaman; Tamer Buyukyilmaz

2006-01-01

240

Hemisection: A conservative management of periodontally involved molar tooth in a young patient  

PubMed Central

Hemisection is sectioning of multi-rooted teeth with its crown portion, with the loss of periodontal attachment and is performed to retain the original tooth structure and attain the fixed prosthodontic prosthesis. We describe hemisection of a mandibular molar tooth followed by adequate restoration in a young patient.

Babaji, Prashant; Sihag, Tarun; Chaurasia, Vishwajit Rampratap; Senthilnathan, Sivaramalingam

2015-01-01

241

Secular trend of earlier onset and decelerated development of third molars: Evidence from Croatia.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the secular trend on development of third molars in 30 years period in Littoral region of Croatia. A total of 1103 panoramic radiographs of subjects aged from 6 to 18 years were analysed. First group comprised 531 panoramic radiographs (258 girls) taken from year period 1977 till 1979 and second group 572 radiographs (325 girls) taken from year period 2007 till 2009. Demirjian's method was used to determine the developmental stage of third molars. A secular trend in 30 years period was observed as earlier onset of third molars development in boys (6 months on average maxillary and 11 months mandibular) and girls (6 months for maxillary and 4 months for mandibular). Now-a-days, an increase in mineralisation for one Demirjian stage occurs at a slower pace of 5.2 months in boys and 3.4 in girls in maxilla and 2.3 or 2 months in mandible for boys and girls, respectively. The study showed a secular trend present as earlier onset but decelerated development of third molars in both genders and both jaws. PMID:25710780

Sasso, Anja; Legovic, Mario; Mady Maricic, Barbara; Pavlic, Andrej; Spalj, Stjepan

2015-04-01

242

Complication rates in patients using absorbable collagen sponges in third molar extraction sockets: a retrospective study  

PubMed Central

Objectives The purpose of this study is to retrospectively evaluate the postoperative complication rates for absorbable type-I collagen sponge (Ateloplug; Bioland) use in third molar extraction. Materials and Methods From January to August 2013, 2,697 total patients undergoing third molar extraction and type-I collagen sponge application in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Yonsei University Dental Hospital (1,163 patients) and Dong-A University Hospital (1,534 patients) were evaluated in a retrospective study using their operation and medical records. Results A total of 3,869 third molars in 2,697 patients were extracted and the extraction sockets packed with type-I collagen sponges to prevent postoperative complications. As a result, the overall complication rate was 4.52%, with 3.00% experiencing surgical site infection (SSI), 1.14% showing alveolar osteitis, and 0.39% experiencing hematoma. Of the total number of complications, SSI accounted for more than a half at 66.29%. Conclusion Compared to previous studies, this study showed a relatively low incidence of complications. The use of type-I collagen sponges is recommended for the prevention of complications after third molar extraction. PMID:25741465

Cho, Hoon; Jung, Hwi-Dong; Kim, Bok-Joo; Kim, Chul-Hoon

2015-01-01

243

Selenium:mercury molar ratios in bullfrog and leopard frog tadpoles from the northeastern United States.  

PubMed

Vertebrates experience adverse effects from methylmercury, largely obtained through their food. Selenium has the potential to reduce the toxic effects of methylmercury (and vice versa). In this paper, we examine the selenium:mercury molar ratios in tadpoles (Lithobates sphenocephalus, Lithobates catesbeianus (formerly Rana), and a newly documented leopard frog species currently referred to as R. sp. nov.) and fully formed leopard frog metamorphs. There were no significant differences in metal levels between the two leopard frog species, and data were therefore combined. Selenium:mercury molar ratios varied from 19 to 38 for bullfrog tadpoles, from 16 to 330 for leopard frog tadpoles, and from 7 to 17 for leopard frog metamorphs. Leopard frog tadpoles with less than 45 days exposure to field conditions had significantly higher molar ratios than other tadpoles and leopard frog metamorphs. There were significant locational differences for the molar ratios of bullfrogs, and leopard frog tadpoles with more than 45 days of field exposure. At the sites where we were able to sample both leopard frog tadpoles and leopard frog metamorphs, there were significant differences between the two distinct life stages. Most of the variation in the ratio was accounted for by selenium levels, field sites, and exposure period. PMID:24585386

Burger, Joanna; Feinberg, Jeremy; Jeitner, Christian; Gochfeld, Michael; Donio, Mark; Pittfield, Taryn

2014-06-01

244

STABILITY OF INGESTED METHYCELLULOSE IN THE RAT DETERMINED BY POLYMER MOLAR MASS MEASUREMENTS BY LIGHT SCATTERING  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Methylcellulose (MC) is ingested by humans in food and pharmaceutical formulations. The functional properties of MC like those of other linear polymers depends primarily on polymer length or molar mass for largely linear polymers. Although many studies in animals and humans have shown complete exc...

245

A COMPARISON OF LIME AND ORANGE PECTIN BY HPSGC WITH MOLAR MASS AND VISCOSITY DETECTION  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Pectin was acid extracted from lime albedo by microwave heating under pressure. Extraction times ranged from 1 to 10 minutes. Solubilized pectin was characterized for molar mass (M), rms radius of gyration (Rg) and intrinsic viscosity (IV) by HPSEC with online light scattering and viscosity detect...

246

Biodiesel from Canola Oil using a 1:1 Molar Mixture of Methanol and Ethanol  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Canola oil was transesterified using an equimolar mixture of ethanol and methanol with potassium hydroxide (KOH) catalyst. Effect of catalyst concentration (0.5 to 1.5% wt/wt), molar ratio of equimolar mixture of ethanol and methanol (EMEM) to canola oil (3:1 to 12:1) and reaction temperature (25 t...

247

Brief Communication: Dental Development and Enamel Thickness in the Lakonis Neanderthal Molar  

E-print Network

Brief Communication: Dental Development and Enamel Thickness in the Lakonis Neanderthal Molar T affinities between modern human and Neanderthal dental remains continue to be a subject of debate as well as a Neanderthal based on the presence of an anterior fovea and mid-trigo- nid crest. Crown formation

Smith, Tanya M.

248

Pain Control Following Impacted Third Molar Surgery with Bupivacaine Irrigation of Tooth Socket: A Prospective Study  

PubMed Central

Background and aims The surgical removal of the lower third molars is a procedure generally followed by side effects such as postoperative pain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of socket irrigation with an anesthetic solution in relieving pain following impacted third molar surgery. Materials and methods Thirty-four patients (17 males and 17 females), aged 18-24 years, with bilateral impacted lower third molars were selected. Both third molars were extracted in one surgical session. Tooth sockets in each patient were rinsed randomly either with 4 mL of 0.5% bupivacaine hydrochloride plain (without vasoconstrictor) anesthetic solu-tion or 4 mL of normal saline, used as control. The patients were instructed not to use analgesics as long as possible, and if not, they were instructed to use an analgesic, and record the time. Pain severity was assessed using a visual analogue pain scale (VAPS) at 1-, 6-, 12-, and 24-hour intervals post-operatively. Data were analyzed using Pearson’s chi-square test and P <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results Post-operative pain difference between the two groups was statistically significant at 1-, 6-, 12- and 24-hour post-operative intervals (P <0.05). Post-operative pain increased in both groups to a maximum 12 hours after surgery with signif-icant improvements after that. Conclusion Based on the results, the irrigation of surgery site with bupivacaine after third molar surgery significantly reduces post-operative pain. PMID:23346335

Khorshidi Khiavi, Reza; Pourallahverdi, Maghsood; Pourallahverdi, Ayda; Ghorani Khiavi, Saadat; Ghertasi Oskouei, Sina; Mokhtari, Hadi

2010-01-01

249

Root Canal Morphology of Permanent Three-rooted Mandibular First Molars: Part II—Measurement of Root Canal Curvatures  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionThe distolingual (DL) roots of three-rooted mandibular molars often challenge clinicians during root canal therapy. This study investigated canal curvatures in permanent three-rooted mandibular first molars by using micro–computed tomography (micro-CT) scans.

Yongchun Gu; Qun Lu; Ping Wang; Longxing Ni

2010-01-01

250

Changes in the pattern of horseradish peroxidase diffusion into predentin and dentin after cavity preparation in rat molars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the process of reducing dentin permeability in adult rat molars after cavity preparation with horseradish peroxidase as a tracer. Study Design: Class V cavities were prepared on the upper first molars of 18 rats. Horseradish peroxidase was injected into the vascular system at intervals of 3 hours and 3, 5, 7,

Toshio Izumi; Hiroshi Inoue; Hiroshi Matsuura; Fumihiko Mukae; Hiromichi Osoegawa; Hirofumi Hirano; Naoharu Tamura

2001-01-01

251

Diagnostic predictability of digital versus conventional panoramic radiographs in the presurgical evaluation of impacted mandibular third molars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Panoramic radiographs are the most widely used radiological diagnostic technique in dental practice, offering full vision of the maxillas and adjacent regions, but there are shortcomings regarding detailed dentoalveolar exploration. This study compared the precision of digital versus conventional panoramic radiographs in the presurgical evaluation of impacted lower third molars. 390 mandibular third molars were studied in 287 patients; their

E. Ferrús-Torres; J. Gargallo-Albiol; L. Berini-Aytés; C. Gay-Escoda

2009-01-01

252

A comparison of conventional panoramic radiographs with volumetric computed tomography images in the preoperative assessment of impacted mandibular third molars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: In the present study, we evaluated the geometric, topographic, and anatomic reliability of volumetric computed tomography (VCT) images by comparing conventional panoramic radiographs with reconstructed VCT panoramic and paraxial images before performing third molar surgery. Patients and Methods: A total of 6 anatomic sites on 10 patients who showed a topographic relationship between the apices of the third molar

J. Pawelzik; M. Cohnen; R. Willers; J. Becker

2002-01-01

253

A case report of maxillary second molar with two palatal root canals and a furcal enamel pearl.  

PubMed

This case report presents an uncommon case of maxillary molar with two palatal root canals and an enamel pearl in the furcation area. The article discusses root canal complexities of maxillary second molars as well as possibility of coexisting anomalies in the region that makes radiographic interpretation difficult and compromises the success of endodontic treatment. PMID:23411467

Shojaeian, Shiva; Ghoddusi, Jamileh; Hajian, Sara

2013-01-01

254

Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Evaluation of Maxillary First and Second Molars in Iranian Population: A Morphological Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction: The aim of this in vitro study was to identify the root and canal morphology of maxillary first and second molars in Iranian population by taking and analyzing cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. Methods and Materials: Extracted maxillary first (n=125) and second (n=125) molars were collected from native Iranians and scanned by using a CBCT scanner. The number of roots and configuration of root canal system were classified according to Vertucci’s classification. Results: Two (1.6%) maxillary first and two (1.6%) maxillary second molars had four roots. Prevalence of root fusion was 2.4% and 8.8% in maxillary first and second molars, respectively. The most common canal morphology in the mesiobuccal roots of three-rooted first and second molars was type I (46.4% and 80.8%, respectively), followed by type VI (17.6%) in first molars. The predominant morphology of distobuccal and palatal roots in first and second molars was type I. Additional canal types were also identified. Conclusion: Profound knowledge of anatomic variations is necessary prior to cleaning and obturation of the root canal system. The most common discovered root morphology was three separate roots in both tooth types. The greatest variation in canal anatomy was discovered in the MB canals of both the first and second molars. PMID:25031592

Rouhani, Armita; Bagherpour, Ali; Akbari, Majid; Azizi, Majid; Nejat, Amirhosein; Naghavi, Neda

2014-01-01

255

Effect of various glucagon\\/insulin molar ratios on blood ketone body levels in rats by use of osmotic minipumps  

Microsoft Academic Search

The bihormonal control by insulin and glucagon of blood ketone body level was studied. Mixed solutions with various molar ratios of glucagon and insulin (GI) were subcutaneously infused continuously for five days by use of the osmotic minipump in the normal rats. The concentrations of insulin and glucagon solution were set at the high GI molar ratio, the moderate GI

Eiichi Ubukata; Osamu Mokuda; Yoshikazu Sakamoto; Naokata Shimizu

1996-01-01

256

Determination Of Partial Molar Volumes Of Iron Species In Silicate Melts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the major questions of planetary geology is the composition and conditions of the Earth interior. Magmas are among our most important windows into the interior. Iron, being a major element with multiple valence states, is an important influence on redox state. One way to investigate redox state is via a volume equation of state. Density data are used in computing partial molar volumes, which may then be used to construct a volume equation of state. We have devised an apparatus which permits high-quality density measurements in silicate melts at high temperatures (up to ?1500 °C) and reduced oxygen fugacity at atmospheric pressure using the Archimedean single-bob method. With this apparatus, we have collected the first high-quality density data of iron-bearing silicate melts which had their iron predominately as ferrous. We measured the density of Columbia River Basalt (approximate temperature range: 1250 °C -- 1450 °C) and an artificial composition in the FeO-FeO1.5-CaO-SiO2 system (?1460 °C) at the oxygen fugacity corresponding to the Iron-Wüstite buffer. We used these data in conjunction with literature density data gathered at thermodynamic equilibrium to calculate the partial molar volume of the iron species as a function of temperature at standard pressure. We speciated iron according to: 0.4 FeO + 0.6 FeO1.5 ? FeO1.3 The partial molar volumes of FeO, FeO1.5, and FeO1.3 were fit well with no compositional dependence, despite the wide range of compositions included in this study. To the extent that melt structure can be inferred from partial molar volumes, this result suggests that there is no compositional dependency to the structure of any of these iron species. Our partial molar volumes of FeO and FeO1.5 are consistent within one standard error of those found by Lange & Carmichael (1987) and Ghiorso & Kress (2004). However, our partial molar volume for FeO1.3 at reference temperature was one-third that of Ghiorso & Kress (2004) (Lange & Carmichael (1987) did not include this species in their fit), which would result in greater conversion of FeO and FeO1.5 into FeO1.3 at pressure.

Dwyer, C. A.; Kress, V. C.

2009-12-01

257

Selenium/mercury molar ratios in freshwater, marine, and commercial fish from the USA: variation, risk, and health management.  

PubMed

Fish provide healthy protein as well as recreational and cultural benefits, but can also contain mercury (Hg), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and other contaminants that have adverse effects on humans and other organisms, particularly developing fetuses. Recently, some authors have suggested that a molar excess of selenium (Se) [e.g., selenium/mercury (Se/Hg) molar ratio >1] confers protection from Hg toxicity derived from fish consumption. Herein, we review our studies of Hg and Se in freshwater, marine, and commercial fish (mainly marine), examining the following: (1) whether and how Se/Hg molar ratios vary among species; (2) whether and how the molar ratios vary within species; (3) whether the molar ratios differ between freshwater and saltwater fish; (4) whether mean molar ratio values provide a reliable indication of potential risk to fish consumers; and (5) whether mean Se/Hg molar ratios are sufficiently constant (e.g., low variation) to allow for use in risk assessment, risk management, or risk communication. In saltwater fish, mean Se/Hg molar ratios varied from 0.3 in mako shark to 68.1 in whiting. For freshwater fish, the mean ratios varied from 0.68 in bowfin to 20.8 in black crappie. Commercial seafood (mainly saltwater) showed great variation in ratios; shrimp and scallops had very high ratios. There was somewhat less variability in the ratios for freshwater fish compared with the fish from saltwater, but there was no overall predictable difference in variation in Se/Hg molar ratios. For both saltwater and freshwater fish, some species with mean molar ratios above 1 had a significant proportion of individual fish with molar ratios below 1. Overall, this indicates great variation in measures of central tendencies and in measures of dispersion. We suggest that relying on the Se/Hg molar ratio as a method of predicting reduced risk from Hg toxicity is problematic because of the great variation among and within fish species, and the variation is not predictable because Hg varies by season, size of the fish, and location of the fish (which is not available for commercial fish). With the high variation in ratios, and low predictability, the ratios are currently not useful for risk assessment and risk management, and vulnerable individuals cannot rely on mean Se/Hg molar ratios for protection from Hg toxicity. PMID:24192499

Burger, Joanna; Gochfeld, Michael

2013-01-01

258

Suspected ovarian molar pregnancy after assisted reproductive technology conception: a diagnostic challenge.  

PubMed

A 32-year-old patient with primary infertility received in vitro fertilisation (IVF) therapy. Four weeks later she developed intermittent left iliac fossa pain. Transvaginal ultrasound showed an empty uterus and an adnexal mass adjacent to the right ovary. Serum ?-human chronic gonadotropin was 33?492?IU/L. At laparoscopy a mass attached to right ovary, suggestive of a right ovarian ectopic pregnancy, was excised. Histological examination confirmed an ovarian ectopic gestation, but noted enlarged chorionic villi and trophoblastic atypia, which raised the suspicion of molar pregnancy. Subsequent p57 immunohistochemistry and DNA ploidy studies excluded a mole, however. Cases of suspected molar disease in ectopic pregnancy present a diagnostic challenge for both clinicians and histopathologists, and establishing a definitive diagnosis may be difficult. PMID:25837656

Obeidi, Nedaa; Tchrakian, Nairi; Abu Saadeh, Feras; Mocanu, Edgar

2015-01-01

259

Antibiotic prophylaxis for third molar extraction in healthy patients: Current scientific evidence.  

PubMed

Third molar extraction is one of the most frequently performed procedures in the dental clinic, and it is associated with innumerable trans- and postoperative complications, such as pain, trismus, edema, localized alveolar osteitis, and surgical site infection. Some authors advocate the use of local or systemic antibiotics to reduce the incidence of these postoperative complications. However, several studies have revealed an insignificant gain after using antibiotics. Despite the risks of allergic reactions, toxicity, and the development of resistant microorganisms, about 50% of dentists routinely prescribe the use of prophylactic antibiotics for this purpose. The goal of this paper is to evaluate the scientific evidence that justifies antibiotic prescription to healthy patients undergoing third molar extraction. PMID:25279397

Rodrigues, Willian Caetano; Okamoto, Roberta; Pellizzer, Eduardo Piza; dos Carrijo, Ana Cláudia Nazareno; de Almeida, Rafael Santiago; de Melo, Willian Morais

2015-02-01

260

Endodontic treatment of a mandibular first molar with 8 canals: a case report.  

PubMed

Presented here is a case where 8 canals were located in a mandibular first molar. A patient with continuing pain in mandibular left first molar even after completion of biomechanical preparation was referred by a dentist. Following basic laws of the pulp chamber floor anatomy, 8 canals were located in three steps with 4 canals in each root. In both of the roots, 4 separate canals commenced which joined into two canals and exited as two separate foramina. At 6 mon follow-up visit, the tooth was found to be asymptomatic and revealed normal radiographic periapical area. The case stresses on the fact that understanding the laws of pulp chamber anatomy and complying with them while attempting to locate additional canals can prevent missing canals. PMID:25671216

Arora, Ankit; Acharya, Shashi Rashmi; Sharma, Padmaja

2015-02-01

261

The development and benefits of vertical dimension primary molar buildup crowns.  

PubMed

This article describes the technique and advantages of vertical dimension-primary molar buildups (VD-PMB's). These primary molar buildups help correct the vertical dimension on overclosed children from 3 to 12 years old. The advantages of these VD-PMB's are enormous, with very little or no disadvantages when placed correctly. This is a very important procedure for the orthodontist because opening the bite on these children has many beneficial results. It changes the resting tongue position, changes the slope of the anterior border of the glenoid fossa from steep to normal on Class 2 div 2 patients, corrects overclosure and otitus media with effusion (ear infections). It is important for the orthodontist since it is very simple and an easy way to correct overclosure on class 2 patients, which is often not done in the correction of overclosed patients. PMID:25745708

Loudon, Merle E; Nguyen, Thai Vinh

2014-01-01

262

Resin infiltration-taking the first steps to filling the holes in cheese molars.  

PubMed

Molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) involves enamel hypomineralization of systemic origin affecting one or more first permanent molars (FPM) and is often associated with other teeth, particularly the incisors. A challenging condition for both the clinician and the patient, MIH affected teeth are often subjected to repeated treatments and frequently the decision to extract one or more FPM is made. At present, there are no clinical reports of available restorative materials that are able to provide consistently adequate restorations on hypomineralized teeth. The concept of resin infiltration, which involves occluding incipient enamel carious lesions with low viscosity resins to arrest or slow the development of caries has the potential to be applied to hypomineralized enamel. Successful penetration of resin infiltrant into MIH affected enamel may aid in improving its micromechanical properties. PMID:24783847

Kumar, Harleen; Palamara, Joseph; Burrow, Michael F; Manton, David J

2012-04-01

263

Rapid determination of molar mass in modified Archibald experiments using direct fitting of the Lamm equation.  

PubMed

A new method is described that allows measurement of the molar mass of the solute within 15 to 30 min after start of a conventional long-column sedimentation equilibrium experiment. A series of scans of the concentration distribution in close vicinity of the meniscus, taken in rapid succession after the start of the centrifuge run, is analyzed by direct fitting using the Lamm equation and the Svedberg equation. In case of a single solute, this analysis of the initial depletion at the meniscus reveals its buoyant molar mass and sedimentation coefficient with an accuracy of approximately 10% and provides gross information about sample heterogeneity. This method can be used to study macromolecules that do not possess the prolonged stability needed in conventional sedimentation equilibrium experiments and it can increase the efficiency of sedimentation equilibrium experiments of previously uncharacterized samples. PMID:9606142

Schuck, P; Millar, D B

1998-05-15

264

Severe Impaction of the Primary Mandibular Second Molar Accompanied by Displacement of the Permanent Second Premolar  

PubMed Central

Tooth impaction is defined as any tooth that fails to erupt into a normal functional position and remains unerupted beyond the time at which it should normally erupt. Reports of impaction and eruption failure in primary teeth are relatively rare compared to permanent teeth. We report 2 rare cases where the second premolar was located on the occlusal side of the impacted mandibular second primary molar. In the first case, the succedaneous permanent tooth erupted after extraction of the primary tooth, fenestration, and traction. In the second case, the succedaneous permanent tooth erupted without fenestration or traction. Although the etiology of the tooth displacement was unknown in both cases, inhibition of the eruptive movement of the primary molar may have been associated with displacement of the succedaneous permanent premolar.

Matsuyama, Junko; Kinoshita-Kawano, Shoko; Hayashi-Sakai, Sachiko; Mitomi, Tomoe; Sano-Asahito, Tomiko

2015-01-01

265

Endodontic Retreatment of a Mandibular Second Molar with four Separate Roots: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Aberrations in the root canal anatomy are a commonly occurring phenomenon. Although the mandibular second molar is commonly a bi-rooted tooth with an uncomplicated endodontic anatomy, variations have to be considered every time endodontic therapy is performed. This case report describes the non-surgical endodontic retreatment performed on a mandibular second molar with four seperate roots and canals. ProTaper Universal rotary nickel-titanium instruments (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) for treatment and retreatment were used to remove the old gutta percha and to clean and shape all root canals, followed by the complete obturation of root canal system. Post-operative CBCT scan was taken to confirm the quality of the performed treatment. PMID:24783160

Idris, Mohamed; Sakkir, Nasil; KJ, Nandakishore; Kini, Annapurna

2014-01-01

266

Endodontic treatment of a mandibular first molar with 8 canals: a case report  

PubMed Central

Presented here is a case where 8 canals were located in a mandibular first molar. A patient with continuing pain in mandibular left first molar even after completion of biomechanical preparation was referred by a dentist. Following basic laws of the pulp chamber floor anatomy, 8 canals were located in three steps with 4 canals in each root. In both of the roots, 4 separate canals commenced which joined into two canals and exited as two separate foramina. At 6 mon follow-up visit, the tooth was found to be asymptomatic and revealed normal radiographic periapical area. The case stresses on the fact that understanding the laws of pulp chamber anatomy and complying with them while attempting to locate additional canals can prevent missing canals. PMID:25671216

Acharya, Shashi Rashmi; Sharma, Padmaja

2015-01-01

267

Mini-implant-borne Pendulum B appliance for maxillary molar distalisation: design and clinical procedure.  

PubMed

A treatment objective of upper molar distalisation may often be required during the correction of a malocclusion. Distalisation is not only indicated for the management of Class II patients, but also for Class III surgery patients who require decompensation in the upper arch if upper incisor retrusion is needed. Unfortunately, most conventional intra-oral devices for non-compliance maxillary molar distalisation experience anchorage loss. A Pendulum type of appliance and a mini-implant-borne distalisation mechanism have been designed which can be inserted at chair-side, without a prior laboratory procedure and immediately after mini-implant placement. For re-activation purposes, a distal screw may be added to the Pendulum B appliance. PMID:25549527

Wilmes, Benedict; Katyal, Vandana; Drescher, Dieter

2014-11-01

268

Evidence suggests more favourable outcomes with preformed metal crowns than amalgam restorations in primary molars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of preformed metal crowns (PMC) compared with amalgam restorations in primary molars.Data sources: Medline (1972–2000) and reference lists.Study selection: Studies were included if they had clinical comparisons of longevity or success rate of PMC versus amalgam with data available to compare treatment outcomes.Data extraction and synthesis: Study treatment outcomes comparing successful and failed restorations were

Amid I Ismail; Woosung Sohn

2002-01-01

269

Strategies used to inhibit postoperative swelling following removal of impacted lower third molar.  

PubMed

Postoperative swelling following different surgical strategies is an area of great interest. The main part of literature on the topic deals with swelling after extraction of low impacted third molar. In this review, we have analyzed publications of the last 20 years with a pubmed search using the following key words: impacted third molar, swelling third molar, wisdom tooth, edema jaw, corticosteroids and extraction third molar, antibiotic prophylaxis and tooth extraction. Attention has often been focused on corticosteroid therapy administered by diverse routes (orally, IV, IM, topically) and at different time schedules (before or after surgery or both). This investigation revealed how the use of different molecules and dosages makes the obtained results hardly comparable. Similar conclusions can be drawn from studies aimed at evaluating the efficacy of antibiotic therapy administered either before or after surgery. A complete review has also to take into account different surgical strategies used including various flaps, no traumatic osteothomy, and primary or secondary closure. The use of pharmacological therapy and application of an ice pack is critical in the postoperative period and has always provided positive results. However, even if it is difficult to come to definite conclusions, due to the variability of the design of studies analyzed, the postoperative discomfort identified with edema, pain and trismus following wisdom tooth removal is influenced by various factors such as the difficulty of the surgical procedure involved, age and gender of the patient, and experience of the surgeon. The pharmacological therapy when performed with corticosteroids seems to improve control of the postoperative swelling related with this kind of surgeries. PMID:22135686

Sortino, Francesco; Cicciù, Marco

2011-10-01

270

Third molar development according to chronological age in populations from Spanish and Magrebian origin.  

PubMed

Spain is frequently the entrance country into the European Union for undocumented immigrants, especially those from the Magreb (Northern Africa). Forensic age estimates for these persons are difficult because systematic studies of dental maturity are lacking. Three different populations were analyzed to determine the pattern of development of third molars as a tool for age estimation in people of different ethnic and geographic origin. Orthopantomograms from two different populations of Spanish origin (Galicia in northwestern continental Spain, and Ceuta, a Spanish province in Northern Africa) were compared to radiographs of molars from a Magrebian population (Northern Africa) resident in Ceuta. Orthopantomograms were obtained from a private dental clinic (n=344) in Galicia and from the Public Oral Health Services (n=228) in Ceuta. We looked for differences in third molar mineralization (determined with the Demirjian scale) that might serve as age indicators (older versus younger than 18 years). Differences in maturation patterns were found between sexes and populations of origin. Mineralization of tooth 38 was more advanced in males than females among subjects 18 years of age and older in all three populations. Moreover, mineralization of tooth 38 in subjects aged 18 years and older was significantly slower in the Spanish-Galicia population than in the Magrebian-Ceuta population. We found no significant differences between Magrebian and Spanish individuals from Ceuta. We conclude that differences in tooth 38 mineralization may be related more with socio-geographical than ethnic origin (ancestry), and thus constitute evidence of the relevance of socio-geographic rather than genetic factors in third molar development. We used ROC analysis to determine the accuracy of the examiner's ability to correctly estimate age as younger or older than 18 years. The results suggest that Demirjian stage for tooth 38 can be considered a good indicator of age in all three populations. PMID:17459627

Martin-de las Heras, Stella; García-Fortea, Pedro; Ortega, Angie; Zodocovich, Sara; Valenzuela, Aurora

2008-01-15

271

North Pacific Marine background aerosol: average ammonium to sulfate molar ratio equals 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measurements of the chemical composition of marine aerosol were made at a location on the north-west coast of the continental United States. The average concentration of sulfate ion in submicrometric aerosol particles was 0.4 ..mu..g m⁻³. The average ammonium ion to sulfate ion molar ratio was 1.0 and was nearly the same as the ratio of 1.1 for concurrently collected

1988-01-01

272

How to measure and predict the molar absorption coefficient of a protein  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The molar absorption coefficient, E, of a protein is usually based on concentrations measured by dry weight, ni- trogen, or amino acid analysis. The studies reported here suggest that the Edelhoch method is the best method for measuri= (#Trp)(5,500) + (#Tyr)(1,490) + (#cystine)(l25). These ~(280) values are quite reliable for proteins containing Trp residues, and less reliable for proteins

C. N. Pace; F. Vajdos; L. Fee; G. Grimsley; T. Gray

1998-01-01

273

Third molar root development in relation to chronological age: a large sample sized retrospective study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present investigation, which is a continuation and extension of a previous published pilot study [Forensic Sci. Int. 129 (2002) 110], was to calculate the chronological age of an individual based on the dental developmental stages of third molars (so-called wisdom teeth).The evaluated material consisted of 2513 orthopantomograms (OPG’s) of patients all of Belgian Caucasian origin between

K. Gunst; K. Mesotten; A. Carbonez; G. Willems

2003-01-01

274

Electrical Conductance of Fissure Enamel in Recently Erupted Molar Teeth as Related to Caries Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pit-and-fissure caries lesions contribute greatly to the caries incidence in permanent molar teeth in children. To date, the diagnosis of occlusal caries is still performed mainly by visual inspection, periodically aided by bite-wing radiography. However, in detecting small occlusal carious lesions, these methods perform inadequately, especially in low caries prevalence populations or individuals. The use of electrical conductance measurements (ECMs)

Y. L. Ie; E. H. A. M. Verdonschot; M. J. M. Schaeken; M. A. van’t Hof

1995-01-01

275

Effects of localmelatonin application on post-extraction sockets after third molar surgery. A pilot study  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the anti-inflammatory, analgesic and osteogenic early effects of melatonin on post-extraction sockets ofpatients requiring third molars extraction. Study Design: A randomized, triple-blind clinical trial was made using a split-mouth design. Both lower third molars of 10 patients were extracted and 3 mg of local melatonin or placebo were applied. Concentrations of interleukin-6 and nitrotyrosine were determined on samples of the clot from the socket by independent ELISA tests. Radiographic bone density was evaluated by measuring Hounsfield Units in panoramic and cross sections obtained by digital scanner. Statistycal analysis by Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was performed for ELISA data. Bone density was analyzed by Shapiro-Wilk test. Subsequently t test was applied. P<0.05 was considered to be significant. Results: The concentration of interleukin-6 increased with the application of melatonin without statistically significance (361.32 ± 235.22 pg/ml vs 262.58 ± 233.92 pg/ml). Nitrotyrosine concentrations showed values below to the detectability pattern (<0.001 nM) in Optic Density curve. Bone density in panoramic sections at socket after melatonin application showed no significant difference (561.98 ± 105.92 HU vs 598.82 ± 209.03 HU). In cross sections, bone density in the alveolar region showed no significant difference(377.42 ± 125.67 HU vs 347.56 ± 97.02 HU). Conclusions: Within the limitations of this pilot study, no differences with the application of melatonin were found in terms of the concentration of interleukin-6 and bone density in post-extraction socket of retained mandibular third molars. Key words:Melatonin, inflammation, pain, bone density, third molar surgery. PMID:25350595

Fernández-Tresguerres, Isabel; Ortega-Aranegui, Ricardo; López-Quiles, Juan

2014-01-01

276

Polymorphous crystals from chlorozincate-choline chloride ionic liquids in different molar ratios  

Microsoft Academic Search

Polymorphous crystals of chlorozincate-choline chloride ionic liquid (IL) in different molar ratios were incubated at 5°C and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and optical microscope (OM). It is clearly shown that the properties of IL crystal change significantly with X(ZnCl2) (mole fraction of ZnCl2) over the range from 0.67 to 0.40. Crystal (a) (m.p. 45°C) is

Yaodong Liu; Guozhong Wu; Mingying Qi

2005-01-01

277

Root surface defects in rat molar induced by 1-hydroxyethylidene-1,1-bisphosphonate.  

PubMed

Cementum surface alterations induced by 1-hydroxyethylidene-1,1-bisphosphonate (HEBP) in the maxillary first molars in rats were studied by means of scanning electron microscopy. Single or triple injections of HEBP inhibit the formation of acellular extrinsic fiber cementum and delay the formation of cellular mixed-fiber cementum. The results indicate the importance of acellular extrinsic fiber cementum as a protection barrier against root resorption and the different mechanisms underlying the formation of the two cementum varieties. PMID:8669243

Alatli, I; Hammarström, L

1996-02-01

278

[Volumetric verification of edema protection with Serrapeptase after third molar osteotomy].  

PubMed

Preventive edema protection using Serrapeptase after standardized one-stage osteotomy procedures of 4 third molars was verified by means of an opto-electronic measuring instrument. This measuring technique proved to be a sensitive tool for demonstrating the efficacy of Serrapeptase in reducing postoperative edema. Although statistically significant, the reduction of soft tissue swelling was only approximately 15% when compared with a patient group without Serrapeptase medication. PMID:1816962

Merten, H A; Müller, K; Drubel, F; Halling, F

1991-01-01

279

Primary and Secondary Induction of Apoptosis in Odontoblasts after Cavity Preparation of Rat Molars  

Microsoft Academic Search

The death regulation of damaged pulp cells after cavity preparation is not well-known. In this study, we examined whether apoptosis is associated with the death regulation of damaged pulp cells. In normal rat molars, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated labeling (TUNEL)-positive cells were not observed. Just after surgery, odontoblasts under cavities were TUNEL-positive, and these signals disappeared in six hours. One day

C. Kitamura; K. Kimura; T. Nakayama; K. Toyoshima; M. Terashita

2001-01-01

280

An Innovative Approach for Management of Vertical Coronal Fracture in Molar: Case Report  

PubMed Central

Unlike anterior teeth, acute exogenous trauma is an infrequent cause of posterior coronal vertical tooth fractures. Endodontic and restorative management of such fractures is a great challenge for the clinician. Newer advancements in adhesive techniques can provide successful intracoronal splinting of such teeth to reinforce the remaining tooth structure. This paper describes the diagnosis and management of a case of complicated vertical coronal fracture in mandibular first molar induced by a traffic accident. PMID:22567453

Kathuria, Ambica; Kavitha, M.; Ravishankar, P.

2012-01-01

281

Administration of bisphosphonate (ibandronate) impedes molar tooth movement in rabbits: A radiographic assessment  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Bisphosphonate (Bp)-ibandronate is a pharmacological agent, exhibits antiosteoclastic or antiresorptive activity and used to treat osteolytic or osteopenic disorders. BP-ibandronate may also interfere during orthodontic tooth movement. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of locally administered Bp-ibandronate on experimental tooth movement in rabbits. Materials and Methods: Twenty rabbits were divided into two groups- “10” served as Group-1 (control) and other “10” as Group-2 (experimental). Both groups received nickel-titanium closed coil springs with 100 g force between mandibular molar and incisors. Group-1 animals received 1 ml normal saline and Group-2 animals received ibandronate solution (0.3 mg/kg body weight) locally, mesial to the mandibular molar on the 1st, 7th, and 14th day of the experiment. A total of “40” lateral cephalograms were taken from both groups on the 1st and 21st day using a digital X-ray unit (Siemens X-ray systems, 300 mA Pleomophos analog, 2008, Germany). Individually, each animal's radiograph was traced manually and superimposed. The molar tooth movement was measured with the help of a standard metric scale. Results: The Student's t-test has been done to compare the mean values of Group-1 (4.650 ± 0.363) and Group-2 (2.030 ± 0.291) and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The retarded molar tooth movement was noticed in local drug administered rabbits, which could be beneficial in orthodontics to control the undesired tooth movement. PMID:25210364

Venkataramana, V.; Kumar, S. Sathesh; Reddy, B. Vishnuvardhan; Cherukuri, A. Sreekanth; Sigamani, K. Raja; Chandrasekhar, G.

2014-01-01

282

A geometric morphometric analysis of hominin upper second and third molars, with particular emphasis on European Pleistocene populations.  

PubMed

The study of dental morphology by means of geometric morphometric methods allows for a detailed and quantitative comparison of hominin species that is useful for taxonomic assignment and phylogenetic reconstruction. Upper second and third molars have been studied in a comprehensive sample of Plio- and Pleistocene hominins from African, Asian and European sites in order to complete our analysis of the upper postcanine dentition. Intraspecific variation in these two molars is high, but some interspecific trends can be identified. Both molars exhibit a strong reduction of the distal cusps in recent hominin species, namely European Homo heidelbergensis, Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens, but this reduction shows specific patterns and proportions in the three groups. Second molars tend to show four well developed cusps in earlier hominin species and their morphology is only marginally affected by allometric effects. Third molars can be incipiently reduced in earlier species and they evince a significant allometric component, identified both inter- and intraspecifically. European Middle Pleistocene fossils from Sima de los Huesos (SH) show a very strong reduction of these two molars, even more marked than the reduction observed in Neanderthals and in modern human populations. The highly derived shape of SH molars points to an early acquisition of typical Neanderthal dental traits by pre-Neanderthal populations and to a deviation of this population from mean morphologies of other European Middle Pleistocene groups. PMID:22840714

Gómez-Robles, Aida; Bermúdez de Castro, José María; Martinón-Torres, María; Prado-Simón, Leyre; Arsuaga, Juan Luis

2012-09-01

283

[First permanent molar caries: a case study of Moroccan children between 6 and 15 year-old].  

PubMed

It is a transverse descriptive study realized from clinical files of 100 Moroccan children aged between 6 and 15 year-old having consulted the Rabat Dental Hospital (U.T.H. Ibn Sina) in Morocco between January and December 2009. The criteria of inclusion are age, Moroccan origin, first four permanent molars having made their eruption and a complete clinical file. The criteria of exclusion are the non-eruption of a first permanent molar and an incomplete clinical file. The clinical parameters are: age, sex, tooth brushing, quality of alimentation and the condition of the first permanent molars (caries, extraction, filling). The results showed that 65% of the children between 6 and 15 years have at least a first decayed permanent molar. Eight per cent of the children have at least a filling material on the first permanent molar and 4% of the children have already extracted a first permanent molar. The caries touch both sexes, both right and left sectors and both superior and lower arches without statistically significant difference (p > 0.05). The presence of the caries increased, on the other hand, with the age (p < 0.05). The relation between presence of caries, tooth brushing and quality of alimentation is not significant (p < 0.05). These results are in accordance with numerous studies and show a particular cario-sensibility of the first permanent molar. PMID:23513507

Zouaidi, K; Chala, S; Ameziane, R; Chhoul, H

2012-12-01

284

Characteristic Findings on Panoramic Radiography and Cone-beam CT to Predict Paresthesia after Extraction of Impacted Third Molar.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to compare findings on the relationship between impacted molar roots and the mandibular canal in panoramic and three-dimensional cone-beam CT (CBCT) images to identify those that indicated risk of postoperative paresthesia. The relationship between impacted molars and the mandibular canal was first classified using panoramic images. Only patients in whom the molar roots were either in contact with or superimposed on the canal were evaluated using CBCT. Of 466 patients examined using both panoramic and CBCT images, 280 underwent surgical extraction of an impacted molar, and 15 of these (5%) reported postoperative paresthesia. The spatial relationship between the impacted third molar root and the mandibular canal was determined by examining para-sagittal sections (lingual, buccal, inter-radicular, inferior, and combinations) obtained from the canal to the molar root and establishing the proximity of the canal to the molar root (in contact with or without loss of the cortical border and separate). The results revealed that darkening of the roots with interruption of the mandibular canal on panoramic radiographs and the inter-radicular position of the canal in CBCT images were characteristic findings indicative of risk of postoperative paresthesia. These results suggest that careful surgical intervention is required in patients with the above characteristics. PMID:25765570

Harada, Nana; Beloor Vasudeva, Subash; Matsuda, Yukiko; Seki, Kenji; Kapila, Rishabh; Ishikawa, Noboru; Okano, Tomohiro; Sano, Tsukasa

2015-01-01

285

Root canal configuration and the prevalence of C-shaped canals in mandibular second molars in an Iranian population.  

PubMed

A total of 139 extracted mandibular second molars were injected with India ink and demineralized. They were made clear and transparent with methyl salicylate, and the anatomy of their canals was studied. It was found that 86.3% of mandibular second molars had two roots, 9.3% had one root, and 4.3% had three roots. Ninety percent of the mesial roots of the mandibular second molars with two roots had two canals (predominantly with a type II or III configuration), and 77.5% of the distal roots of these teeth had one canal (predominantly with a type I configuration). Among the mandibular second molars, 7.2% had C-shaped canals and these configurations were seen mostly in single-rooted mandibular second molars. The results of this study indicate that mandibular second molar teeth have many variations in the number of roots and the morphology of their canals. Therefore it should not be assumed that all mandibular second molar teeth have two roots and three canals. PMID:18403877

Rahimi, Saeed; Shahi, Shahriar; Lotfi, Mehrdad; Zand, Vahid; Abdolrahimi, Majid; Es'haghi, Reza

2008-03-01

286

Classifying stages of third molar development: crown length as a predictor for the mature root length.  

PubMed

Multiple tooth development staging techniques were reported based on arbitrarily set borderlines between succeeding stages. Anatomic tooth features or predictions of future tooth part dimensions were described to identify the thresholds between the established stages. The need to predict mature tooth dimensions, while the tooth considered is still in development, is a drawback to use this staging technique for dental age estimations. Using the fully mature crown length as a predictor for the future root length could provide a tool for undisputable staging. The aim of this study was first to measure the crown and root length of fully mature third molars and second to investigate whether the crown length could be used as a predictor of the root length, in order to classify the observed root length as a proportion of the future mature root. The crown and root lengths of all present third molars were digitally measured on dental panoramic radiographs of 1,000 subjects. The included subjects were equally distributed in gender, and their age ranged between 22 and 40 years. Two occlusal borders, the cement enamel junction and the root apices, were defined as landmarks for standardized measurements. Regression models with root length as response and crown length as predictor were established and revealed low R (2) and high RMSE values. Due to the small explained variance by the prediction models and the high variation in prediction errors, the observed crown length cannot be used to predict the final root length of a developing third molar. PMID:24801360

Altalie, Salem; Thevissen, Patrick; Willems, Guy

2015-01-01

287

Nonsyndromic Bilateral Multiple Impacted Supernumerary Mandibular Third Molars: A Rare and Unusual Case Report  

PubMed Central

A supernumerary tooth is that which is present additionally to the normal series and can be found in any region of the dental arch. An impacted tooth is defined as the one which is embedded in the alveolus, so that its eruption is prevented, or the tooth is locked in position by bone or the adjacent teeth. The occurrence of multiple supernumerary teeth in only one patient in the absence of an associated systemic condition or syndrome is considered as a rare phenomenon. The occurrence of supernumerary teeth in the lower molar region is rare. A prevalence of less than 2% of cases occurring in this region has been estimated. Their occurrence presents a clinical problem for orthodontists and oral surgeons. The cause, frequency, complications, and surgical operation of impacted teeth are always interesting subjects for study and research. An impacted tooth can result in caries, pulp disease, periapical and periodontal disease, temporomandibular joint disorder, infection of the fascial space, root resorption of the adjacent tooth, and even oral and maxillofacial tumours. The management of impacted wisdom teeth has changed over the past 20 years from removal of nonsymptomatic third molars to simple observation. The aim of this paper is to present a rare case of bilateral multiple impacted supernumerary mandibular third molars. PMID:23476818

Reddy, G. Siva Prasad; Reddy, G. V.; Krishna, I. Venkata; Regonda, Shravan Kumar

2013-01-01

288

Histopathological and radiographic evaluation of rat molar teeth after traumatic injury-a pilot study  

PubMed Central

Objective: Radiographic and histopathological evaluation of mechanical trauma on the development of maxillary molars in rat. Materials and Methods: Experimental study with 7-day-old five new born Wistar rats. Trauma induced on 7th postnatal day with #55 K file. Right first molar region of the maxilla was the experimental side, and the left side as control. Each animal was sacrificed for histopathological observation on 8th day (immediately next day of injury), 10th day (after 3 days of injury), 13th day (Enamel completion), 19th day (Emergence into oral cavity) and 42nd day when all the teeth came into functional occlusion. Results: On the 42nd day experimental side of the study, the 1st molar tooth had not erupted and the radiographs taken revealed conglomerate mass suggestive of complex odontome. Reduced tooth size, altered enamel and dentin formation, abscess formation and complex odontome like structure were observed histopathologically. Conclusion: The diversity of morphlogical and histopathological changes to intrusive force implies intricate mechanism involved in tooth development. PMID:23248457

Prasanth, T; Saraswathi, TR

2012-01-01

289

Inferior Alveolar Nerve Injury after Mandibular Third Molar Extraction: a Literature Review  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Objectives The purpose of this study was to systematically review the comprehensive overview of literature data about injury to the inferior alveolar nerve after lower third molar extraction to discover the prevalence of injury, the risk factors, recovery rates, and alternative methods of treatment. Material and Methods Literature was selected through a search of PubMed electronic databases. Articles from January 2009 to June 2014 were searched. English language articles with a minimum of 6 months patient follow-up and injury analysis by patient’s reporting, radiographic, and neurosensory testing were selected. Results In total, 84 literature sources were reviewed, and 14 of the most relevant articles that are suitable to the criteria were selected. Articles were analyzed on men and women. The influence of lower third molar extraction (especially impacted) on the inferior alveolar nerve was clearly seen. Conclusions The incidence of injury to the inferior alveolar nerve after lower third molar extraction was about 0.35 - 8.4%. The injury of the inferior alveolar nerve can be predicted by various radiological signs. There are few risk factors that may increase the risk of injury to the nerve such as patients over the age of 24 years old, with horizontal impactions, and extraction by trainee surgeons. Recovery is preferable and permanent injury is very rare. PMID:25635208

Juodzbalys, Gintaras

2014-01-01

290

Ice nucleation in aqueous solutions of poly[ethylene glycol] with different molar mass  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Homogeneous ice nucleation was investigated in aqueous solutions of poly[ethylene glycol] (PEG) with a molar mass between 300 and 6000 g mol-1. Experiments were performed with a differential scanning calorimeter using emulsified aqueous PEG solutions with concentrations of 0-44 wt %. Equilibrium phase transition temperatures are determined and discussed, in particular the simultaneous occurrence of metastable and stable eutectic temperatures. The observed homogeneous freezing temperatures of ice reveal a continuous increase in the supercooling of PEG solutions with increasing molar mass of the PEG. The freezing behavior was investigated within the framework of water-activity-based ice nucleation theory. The latter predicts that homogeneous ice nucleation in aqueous solutions is independent of the nature of the solute, but depends only on the water activity of the solution. Water activity data of various PEG solutions in the stable and supercooled range were compared. It was found that the water activity of PEG solutions decreases with decreasing temperature. This trend is stronger for the PEGs of larger molar mass, and can explain why solutions of larger PEGs supercool more readily. Our study shows that the predictions of water-activity-based ice nucleation theory are consistent with the observed freezing behavior and with the thermodynamic properties of PEG solutions. It is also in agreement with the suggestion of a thermodynamic control of ice nucleation in aqueous systems due to the existence of a liquid phase spinodal.

Zobrist, Bernhard; Weers, Uwe; Koop, Thomas

2003-06-01

291

Articaine versus lidocaine for third molar surgery: A randomized clinical study  

PubMed Central

Objective: Pain reduction has been the subject of continuous research in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery since postoperative pain with ranging of intensity and duration may affects the patient submitted in an oral surgical procedure. The aim of present study was to compare the analgesic effectiveness between two different anesthetic solutions (articaine and lidocaine) in third molar surgery. Study Design: A prospective, randomized and clinical study with patients submitted to third molar surgery at two distinct times. The visual analogue scale, the McGill Pain Questionnaire and the analgesic consumption record were used to measure the pain after each surgical time. Results: Duration of surgery, latency, the amount of anesthetic used and analgesic consumption showed clinical differences with highlights of articaine, though statistical significance was not observed (P<0.05). The pain scores indicated similar anesthetic efficacy with both solutions. Conclusion: In the present study no significant differences were observed between lidocaine and articaine in the control of postoperative pain. Key words: Articaine, lidocaine, pain control, lower third molar. PMID:22157664

Santos, Thiago-de-S; Santos, Jadson-A.; Maia, Marcelo-C; Mendonça, Carla-G

2012-01-01

292

Shape covariation between the craniofacial complex and first molars in humans.  

PubMed

The occurrence of mutual genetic loci in morphogenesis of the face and teeth implies shape covariation between these structures. However, teeth finalize their shape at an early age, whereas the face grows and is subjected to environmental influences for a prolonged period; it is therefore conceivable that covariation might modulate with age. Here we investigate the extent of this covariation in humans by measuring the 3D shape of the occlusal surface of the permanent first molars and the shape of the craniofacial complex from lateral radiographs, at two maturations stages. A sample of Greek subjects was divided into two groups (110 adult, 110 prepubertal) with equally distributed gender. The occlusal surfaces of the right first molars were 3D scanned from dental casts; 265 and 274 landmarks (including surface and curve semilandmarks) were digitized on the maxillary and mandibular molars, respectively. The corresponding lateral cephalometric radiographs were digitized with 71 landmarks. Geometric morphometric methods were used to assess shape variation and covariation. The vertical dimension of the craniofacial complex was the main parameter of shape variation, followed by anteroposterior deviations. The male craniofacial complex was larger (4.0-5.7%) and was characterized by a prominent chin and clockwise rotation of the cranial base (adult group only). Allometry was weak and statistically significant only when examined for the sample as a whole (percent variance explained: 2.1%, P = 0.0002). Covariation was statistically significant only between the lower first molar and the craniofacial complex (RV = 14.05%, P = 0.0099, and RV = 12.31%, P = 0.0162, for the prepubertal and adult groups, respectively). Subtle age-related covariation differences were noted, indicating that environmental factors may influence the pattern and strength of covariation. However, the main pattern was similar in both groups: a class III skeletal pattern (relative maxillary retrusion and mandibular protrusion), hyperdivergency, forward rotation of the posterior cranial base and upward rotation of the anterior cranial base were associated with mesiodistal elongation of the lower molars and height reduction of their distal cusps. This pattern mimics phylogeny in humans, where flexion and counterclockwise rotation of the cranial base, considered advantageous to survival, co-occur with tooth reductions that cannot be easily explained in evolutionary terms. The similarity of the phylogenetic and covariation patterns seems to support the pleiotropic gene hypothesis. PMID:24916927

Polychronis, Georgios; Halazonetis, Demetrios J

2014-08-01

293

Endodontic management of maxillary first molar with seven root canals diagnosed using Cone Beam Computed Tomography scanning.  

PubMed

The main objective of root canal treatment is thorough cleaning and shaping of the entire pulp space and its complete filling with an inert filling material. A major cause of post-treatment disease is the inability to locate, debride or adequately fill all canals of the root canal system. The form, configuration, and number of root canals in the maxillary first molars have been discussed for more than half a century. Maxillary first molars commonly present with three roots and three canals, with a second mesiobuccal canal (MB2) also present. With the advent of improved magnification there are reports of multiple root canals in the maxillary first molars. Nonsurgical endodontic therapy of a left maxillary first molar with three roots and seven root canals was successfully performed under a dental operating microscope. The diagnosis of multiple root canals was confirmed with the help of Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) images. PMID:25565745

Raghavendra, Srinidhi Surya; Hindlekar, Ajit Narayan; Desai, Niranjan Nanasaheb; Vyavahare, Nishant Kishor; Napte, Bandu Devrao

2014-07-01

294

Endodontic management of maxillary first molar with seven root canals diagnosed using Cone Beam Computed Tomography scanning  

PubMed Central

The main objective of root canal treatment is thorough cleaning and shaping of the entire pulp space and its complete filling with an inert filling material. A major cause of post-treatment disease is the inability to locate, debride or adequately fill all canals of the root canal system. The form, configuration, and number of root canals in the maxillary first molars have been discussed for more than half a century. Maxillary first molars commonly present with three roots and three canals, with a second mesiobuccal canal (MB2) also present. With the advent of improved magnification there are reports of multiple root canals in the maxillary first molars. Nonsurgical endodontic therapy of a left maxillary first molar with three roots and seven root canals was successfully performed under a dental operating microscope. The diagnosis of multiple root canals was confirmed with the help of Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) images. PMID:25565745

Raghavendra, Srinidhi Surya; Hindlekar, Ajit Narayan; Desai, Niranjan Nanasaheb; Vyavahare, Nishant Kishor; Napte, Bandu Devrao

2014-01-01

295

Essentiality of Early Diagnosis of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization in Children and Review of its Clinical Presentation, Etiology and Management  

PubMed Central

Abstract Molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is a common developmental condition resulting in enamel defects in first permanent molars and permanent incisors. It presents at eruption of these teeth. One to four molars, and often also the incisors, could be affected. Since first recognized, the condition has been puzzling and interpreted as a distinct phenomenon unlike other enamel disturbances. Early diagnosis is essential since, rapid breakdown of tooth structure may occur, giving rise to acute symptoms and complicated treatment. The purpose of this article is to review MIH and illustrate its diagnosis and clinical management in young children. How to cite this article: Garg N, Jain AK, Saha S, Singh J. Essentiality of Early Diagnosis of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization in Children and Review of its Clinical Presentation, Etiology and Management. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2012;5(3):190-196. PMID:25206166

Jain, Abhay Kumar; Saha, Sonali; Singh, Jaspal

2012-01-01

296

Structural transition in II-VI nanofilms: Effect of molar ratio on structural, morphological, and optical properties  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cadmium sulphide nanofilms have been deposited by chemical bath deposition technique on glass substrates. The effect of S/Cd molar ratio on the structural, morphological, and optical properties of CdS nanofilms has been investigated. Structural parameters have been analyzed using x-ray diffractometer. Scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive x-ray analyzer have been used to study surface morphology and elemental composition of nanofilms, respectively. The optical properties of the nanofilms have been studied for varying S/Cd molar ratio. The variation in S/Cd molar ratio induces reorientation in lattice structure of the nanofilms and a phase transition has been observed with changing molar ratios. The modification in properties with varying S/Cd ratio has been discussed in terms of quantum confinement and compared with theoretical results based on effective mass approximation and tight binding model.

Kumar, Suresh; Sharma, Pankaj; Sharma, Vineet

2012-06-01

297

Quantitative Three-Dimensional Analysis of Root Canal Curvature in Maxillary First Molars Using Micro-Computed Tomography  

Microsoft Academic Search

In endodontic therapy, access and instrumentation are strongly affected by root canal curvature. However, the few studies that have actually measured curvature are mostly from two-dimensional radiographs. The purpose of this study was to measure the three-dimensional (3D) canal curvature in maxillary first molars using micro-computed tomography (microCT) and mathemat- ical modeling. Extracted maxillary first molars (46) were scanned by

Jong-Ki Lee; Byung-Hyun Ha; Jeong-Ho Choi; Seok-Mo Heo; Hiran Perinpanayagam

298

Quantitative Three-Dimensional Analysis of Root Canal Curvature in Maxillary First Molars Using Micro-Computed Tomography  

Microsoft Academic Search

In endodontic therapy, access and instrumentation are strongly affected by root canal curvature. However, the few studies that have actually measured curvature are mostly from two-dimensional radiographs. The purpose of this study was to measure the three-dimensional (3D) canal curvature in maxillary first molars using micro-computed tomography (microCT) and mathematical modeling. Extracted maxillary first molars (46) were scanned by microCT

Jong-Ki Lee; Byung-Hyun Ha; Jeong-Ho Choi; Seok-Mo Heo; Hiran Perinpanayagam

2006-01-01

299

Treatment of molar furcation involvement using root separation and a crown and sleeve-coping telescopic denture. A longitudinal study.  

PubMed

Because of the inconsistent results of periodontal and prosthetic therapy, periodontists may choose to treat maxillary molar furcation involvements (FI) with poor root morphology utilizing a root resection technique (RRT). In addition, poor root morphology of the remaining root following RRT is usually considered a high risk factor for long-term periodontal and prosthetic success. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the differences in the clinical periodontal parameters between molar abutments with and without molar root separation and/or resection (RSR) before and after periodontal and prosthetic therapy, using a crown and sleeve-coping telescopic denture (CSCTD). A total of 85 molars (47 maxillary and 38 mandibular) were treated in 25 subjects. There were 33 abutments without root separation/resection and 52 abutments with RSR. Forty-three CSCTD were placed, 23 in the maxillary arch and 20 in the mandibular arch. The mean observation period was 6.7+/-1.9 years (range, 5 to 13 years). The plaque index, gingival index, probing depth, clinical attachment level, and alveolar bone change were recorded. The differences in these parameters before and after periodontal and prosthetic therapy between the advanced furcation-involved molars with and without RSR were evaluated. The results revealed a remarkable improvement in the periodontal parameters in advanced Class II and Class III FI in molars with RSR as compared to those without RSR. It was, therefore, concluded that molar abutments with RSR in conjunction with a specifically designed telescopic device provide a modified approach for treating molars with advanced Class II and III FI. PMID:10505813

Hou, G L; Tsai, C C; Weisgold, A S

1999-09-01

300

Compositional dependence of molar absorptivities of near-infrared OH and H 2O bands in rhyolitic to basaltic glasses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Molar absorption coefficients (molar absorptivities) of the near infrared combination bands at 4500 and 5200 cm?1 assigned to OH groups and H2O molecules, respectively, were determined for glasses of dacitic, andesitic and basaltic compositions. Total water contents (range 1.5–6.3 wt.%) of the samples used in the calibration were determined by pyrolysis and subsequent Karl–Fischer Titration. Different combinations of baseline types

Susanne Ohlhorst; Harald Behrens; François Holtz

2001-01-01

301

Considerations of mandibular angle fractures during and after surgery for removal of third molars: a review of the literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Angle fractures are quite common considering that the angle of the mandible forms an area of lower resistance which contains\\u000a a thicker upper border, a thin basilar bone, and the presence of an impacted mandibular third molar. Common complications\\u000a of mandibular third molar surgery include alveolar osteitis (dry socket), secondary infection, nerve dysfunction, and hemorrhage.\\u000a Reports of mandibular fracture during

Bruno Ramos Chrcanovic; Antônio Luís Neto Custódio

2010-01-01

302

Molar volume, thermal expansivity and isothermal compressibility of trans-decahydronaphthalene up to 200MPa and 446K  

Microsoft Academic Search

The molar volume isotherms of trans-decahydronaphthalene (C10H18) between 293 and 446 K and at pressures from 10 to 200 MPa have been determined. A modified Tait equation of state is used to fit each experimental molar volume isotherm with a maximum average deviation of 0.029%. The thermal expansivity (cubic expansion coefficient) alpha and isothermal compressibility kappa were determined by fitting

Hu-Gang Zhu; Zhi-Hua Liu; Yi-Ling Tian; Yuan Xue; Liang Yin

2005-01-01

303

Effect of Dietary Phytate\\/Zinc Molar Ratio on Growth and Bone Zinc Response of Rats Fed Semipurified Diets1  

Microsoft Academic Search

In rats fed semipurified diets, bioavailability of dietary zinc was tested at different phytate\\/zinc molar ratios; growth and zinc in femurs were the criteria of adequacy. On diets with 10-12 ppm zinc, the growth of rats was not affected by phytate\\/zinc molar ratios of 12 or less if the level of dietary calcium was 0.75% but was depressed at ratios

EUGENE R. MORRIS; ANDREX ELLIS

304

Partial molar volumes and activity coefficients of the water in aqueous polyol solutions and the osmotic pressures of these solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The freezing-point depression and density of aqueous polyol (alditol) solutions were measured, and the osmotic pressure and\\u000a the partial molar volume of the water of these solutions were calculated. The osmotic pressures calculated from the freezing-point\\u000a depression data were compared with those calculated with van't Hoff's equation and fairly good agreement was found. The partial\\u000a molar volumes of the water

Keitaro Kiyosawa

1992-01-01

305

Fluctuation-based computer calculation of partial molar properties. I. Molecular dynamics simulation of constant volume fluctuations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Partial molar volumes, energies, and enthalpies are calculated via the (N,U,V) molecular dynamics implementation of their corresponding operational definitions in terms of constant volume fluctuations. The method is exact for the former property but only approximate for the latter two. The partial molar volume operational definition satisfies Euler’s homogeneous function theorem identically. The corresponding energy definition is based upon a

Pablo G. Debenedetti

1987-01-01

306

Unique inhibitory cascade pattern of molars in canids contributing to their potential to evolutionary plasticity of diet  

PubMed Central

Developmental origins that guide the evolution of dental morphology and dental formulae are fundamental subjects in mammalian evolution. In a previous study, a developmental model termed the inhibitory cascade model was established. This model could explain variations in relative molar sizes and loss of the lower third molars, which sometimes reflect diet, in murine rodents and other mammals. Here, I investigated the pattern of relative molar sizes (inhibitory cascade pattern) in canids, a taxon exhibiting a wide range of dietary habits. I found that interspecific variation in canid molars suggests a unique inhibitory cascade pattern that differs from that in murine rodents and other previously reported mammals, and that this variation reflects dietary habits. This unique variability in molars was also observed in individual variation in canid species. According to these observations, canid species have greater variability in the relative sizes of first molars (carnassials), which are functionally important for dietary adaptation in the Carnivora. In conclusion, an inhibitory cascade that differs from that in murine rodents and other mammals may have contributed to diverse dietary patterns and to their parallel evolution in canids. PMID:23467478

Asahara, Masakazu

2013-01-01

307

Characteristics of bony changes and tooth displacement in the mandibular cystic lesion involving the impacted third molar  

PubMed Central

Objectives The purpose of this retrospective study is to find the differentiating characteristics of cystic and cystic-appearing lesions that involve the impacted mandibular third molar by analyzing panoramic radiographs and computed tomography images, and to aid the preoperative diagnosis. Materials and Methods Eighty-one patients who had a mandibular cystic or cystic-appearing lesion that involved impacted mandibular third molar and underwent cyst enucleation were included in the study. The preoperative panoramic radiograph and computed tomography findings were analyzed in accordance to the histopathologic type. Results Most of the cystic lesions containing the mandibular third molar were diagnosed as a dentigerous cyst (77.8%). The occurrence of mesio-distal displacement of the third molar was more frequent in the odontogenic keratocyst (71.4%) and in the ameloblastoma (85.7%) than in the dentigerous cyst (19.1%). Downward displacement was primarily observed in each group. Odontogenic keratocyst and ameloblastoma showed more aggressive growth pattern with higher rate of bony discontinuity and cortical bone expansion than in dentigerous cyst. Conclusion When evaluating mandibular cystic lesions involving the impacted mandibular third molar, dentigerous cyst should first be suspected. However, when the third molar displacement and cortical bone absorption are observed, then odontogenic keratocyst or ameloblastoma should be considered. PMID:25368835

Lee, Jin-Hyeok; Kim, Sung-Min; Kim, Hak-Jin; Jeon, Kug-Jin; Park, Kwang-Ho

2014-01-01

308

Comparative studies between mice molars and incisors are required to draw an overview of enamel structural complexity  

PubMed Central

In the field of dentistry, the murine incisor has long been considered as an outstanding model to study amelogenesis. However, it clearly appears that enamel from wild type mouse incisors and molars presents several structural differences. In incisor, exclusively radial enamel is observed. In molars, enamel displays a high level of complexity since the inner part is lamellar whereas the outer enamel shows radial and tangential structures. Recently, the serotonin 2B receptor (5-HT2BR) was shown to be involved in ameloblast function and enamel mineralization. The incisors from 5HT2BR knockout (KO) mice exhibit mineralization defects mostly in the outer maturation zone and porous matrix network in the inner zone. In the molars, the mutation affects both secretory and maturation stages of amelogenesis since pronounced alterations concern overall enamel structures. Molars from 5HT2BR KO mice display reduction in enamel thickness, alterations of inner enamel architecture including defects in Hunter-Schreger Bands arrangements, and altered maturation of the outer radial enamel. Differences of enamel structure were also observed between incisor and molar from other KO mice depleted for genes encoding enamel extracellular matrix proteins. Thus, upon mutation, enamel analysis based exclusively on incisor defects would be biased. In view of the functional relationship between enamel structure and tooth morphogenesis, identification of molecular actors involved in amelogenesis requires comparative studies between mice molars and incisors. PMID:25285079

Goldberg, Michel; Kellermann, O.; Dimitrova-Nakov, S.; Harichane, Y.; Baudry, A.

2014-01-01

309

Efficacy of CBCT for assessment of impacted mandibular third molars: a review - based on a hierarchical model of evidence.  

PubMed

A radiographic examination of mandibular third molars is meant to support the surgeon in establishing a treatment plan. For years panoramic (PAN) imaging has been the first choice method; however, where an overprojection is observed between the third molar and the mandibular canal and when specific signs suggest a close contact between the molar and the canal, CBCT may be indicated. The present review provides an evaluation of the efficacy of CBCT for assessment of mandibular third molars using a six-tiered hierarchical model by Fryback and Thornbury in 1991. Levels 1-3 include studies on low evidence levels mainly regarding the technical capabilities of a radiographic method and the diagnostic accuracy of the related images. Levels 4-6 include studies on a higher level of evidence and assess the diagnostic impact of a radiographic method on the treatment of the patient in addition to the outcome for the patient and society including cost calculations. Only very few high-evidence studies on the efficacy of CBCT for radiographic examination of mandibular third molars exist and, in conclusion, periapical or PAN examination is sufficient in most cases before removal of mandibular third molars. However, CBCT may be suggested when one or more signs for a close contact between the tooth and the canal are present in the two-dimensional image-if it is believed that CBCT will change the treatment or the treatment outcome for the patient. Further research on high-evidence levels is needed. PMID:25135317

Matzen, L H; Wenzel, A

2015-01-01

310

Function of pretribosphenic and tribosphenic mammalian molars inferred from 3D animation.  

PubMed

Appearance of the tribosphenic molar in the Late Jurassic (160 Ma) is a crucial innovation for food processing in mammalian evolution. This molar type is characterized by a protocone, a talonid basin and a two-phased chewing cycle, all of which are apomorphic. In this functional study on the teeth of Late Jurassic Dryolestes leiriensis and the living marsupial Monodelphis domestica, we demonstrate that pretribosphenic and tribosphenic molars show fundamental differences of food reduction strategies, representing a shift in dental function during the transition of tribosphenic mammals. By using the Occlusal Fingerprint Analyser (OFA), we simulated the chewing motions of the pretribosphenic Dryolestes that represents an evolutionary precursor condition to such tribosphenic mammals as Monodelphis. Animation of chewing path and detection of collisional contacts between virtual models of teeth suggests that Dryolestes differs from the classical two-phased chewing movement of tribosphenidans, due to the narrowing of the interdental space in cervical (crown-root transition) direction, the inclination angle of the hypoflexid groove, and the unicuspid talonid. The pretribosphenic chewing cycle is equivalent to phase I of the tribosphenic chewing cycle, but the former lacks phase II of the tribosphenic chewing. The new approach can analyze the chewing cycle of the jaw by using polygonal 3D models of tooth surfaces, in a way that is complementary to the electromyography and strain gauge studies of muscle function of living animals. The technique allows alignment and scaling of isolated fossil teeth and utilizes the wear facet orientation and striation of the teeth to reconstruct the chewing path of extinct mammals. PMID:25091547

Schultz, Julia A; Martin, Thomas

2014-10-01

311

Influence of Different Apical Preparations on Root Canal Cleanliness in Human Molars: a SEM Study  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Objectives To compare the influence of type and dimensions of the apical preparation on the cleanliness of the apical area in molars. Material and Methods A total of 120 root canals (MB and DB root canals from 30 maxillary molars and mesial root canals from 30 mandibular molars) were instrumented with Mtwo NiTi rotary instruments to a size 25/0.06 taper and were equally divided into three different experimental groups depending on the subsequently apical root canal preparation: Group 1: no further apical preparation, Group 2: apical preparation with Mtwo files to a size 40/0.04 taper, Group 3: apical preparation with Mtwo Apical Files. All root canals were observed through scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Presence of superficial debris and smear layer was evaluated using a score system. Data were statistically analysed using the Kruskal-Wallis and Bonferroni tests with a level of significance set at P < 0.05. Results Kruskal-Wallis test revealed no differences among groups in the middle and coronal third (P > 0.05), while at the apical level, there was a significant difference for both residual debris and presence of smear layer between Group 1 and both Group 2 (P = 0.003 and P = 0.014) and 3 (P = 0.012 and P = 0.021), while no difference was present between Group 2 and Group 3 (P = 0.871 and P = 0.923). Conclusions Cleanliness of the apical third in terms of debris and smear layer was statistically better when an apical preparation was performed to a size 40/0.04 taper or with the use of the Mtwo Apical Files. PMID:25089176

Grande, Nicola M.; Tocci, Luigi; Testarelli, Luca; Gambarini, Gianluca

2014-01-01

312

Orthodontic Molar Brackets: The Effect of Three Different Base Designs on Shear Bond Strength  

PubMed Central

The purpose of the study was to assess the relative base designs of three different maxillary molar stainless steel brackets with reference to the shear bond strength of three different adhesive resins. The molar brackets used were Victory series (3M Unitek), Upper Molar (GAC) and Optimesh XRT (Ormco). The adhesives used were Transbond XT (3M Unitek), Enlight (Ormco) and Sure Ortho Light Bond (Sure Orthodontics). The human enamel specimens (144) were randomly divided into nine groups and each group (n=16) was allocated to a bracket/adhesive combination. The contact surface of each of the bracket bases was measured three dimensionally using a reflex microscope. The base designs were also subjected to further microscopic investigations. The brackets were bonded to the enamel, temperature cycled and the shear bond strength was measured. The size and design of each of the brackets was different. The base size, surface treatment, mesh strand diameter and aperture size of the bracket base mesh have a significant effect on the shear bond strength at the bracket/adhesive interface. The shear bond strengths of all three Ormco bracket/adhesive resin combinations (5.8-6.8 MPa) were significantly lower (p<0.05; Kruskal-Wallis) than the other six bracket/adhesive combinations (9.4-12.1 MPa). The different adhesive types (3 types) could not be mainly responsible for the low shear bond values found for the Ormco bracket. The 3M Unitek combination of the Victory series bracket and Transbond XT adhesive proved to have a high shear bond strength without enamel damage. PMID:23675217

Hudson, Athol P.; Grobler, Sias R.; Harris, Angela M. P.

2011-01-01

313

Morphometric evaluation and planning of anticurvature filing in roots of maxillary and mandibular molars.  

PubMed

This study aimed to guide the planning of anticurvature filing using pre-determined anatomical points on teeth to establish directions for proper implementation of the technique. Two hundred digital periapical radiographs of human molar teeth were selected and divided into two groups (n = 100): MX (maxillary) and MD (mandibular) molars. Mesiobuccal roots were considered for the MX group and mesial roots for the MD group. Pre-determined anatomical points required for planning the anticurvature filing on the root canal path were located, and the distances between these points obtained. The anticurvature filing was simulated in two different protocols for each group, and the region of dentin removal and the remaining dentin thickness were measured in the safety and danger zones of the root canals. Statistical analysis was carried out at a significance level of 5%. The distances between the anatomical points and the thickness of remaining dentin showed significant differences when the two groups were compared (p < 0.001). No significant differences were found between the two experimental groups regarding the area of dentin removal at the root region, but differences were detected in comparison with dentin removal at the crown (p < 0.001). In terms of wear produced after simulation of both anticurvature filing protocols, significant differences were verified for all regions, except for the dentin remaining at the danger zone. The radiographic location of anatomical points allows for planning and implementation of controlled and efficient anticurvature filing and can be performed in the same manner for maxillary and mandibular molars. PMID:25466326

Oliveira, Maria Antonieta Veloso Carvalho; Venâncio, Jessyca Figueira; Raposo, Luís Henrique Araújo; Barbosa Júnior, Nelson; Biffi, João Carlos Gabrielli

2015-01-01

314

Construction of a cDNA library for miniature pig mandibular deciduous molars  

PubMed Central

Background The miniature pig provides an excellent experimental model for tooth morphogenesis because its diphyodont and heterodont dentition resembles that of humans. However, little information is available on the process of tooth development or the exact molecular mechanisms controlling tooth development in miniature pigs or humans. Thus, the analysis of gene expression related to each stage of tooth development is very important. Results In our study, after serial sections were made, the development of the crown of the miniature pigs’ mandibular deciduous molar could be divided into five main phases: dental lamina stage (E33-E35), bud stage (E35-E40), cap stage (E40-E50), early bell stage (E50-E60), and late bell stage (E60-E65). Total RNA was isolated from the tooth germ of miniature pig embryos at E35, E45, E50, and E60, and a cDNA library was constructed. Then, we identified cDNA sequences on a large scale screen for cDNA profiles in the developing mandibular deciduous molars (E35, E45, E50, and E60) of miniature pigs using Illumina Solexa deep sequencing. Microarray assay was used to detect the expression of genes. Lastly, through Unigene sequence analysis and cDNA expression pattern analysis at E45 and E60, we found that 12 up-regulated and 15 down-regulated genes during the four periods are highly conserved genes homologous with known Homo sapiens genes. Furthermore, there were 6 down-regulated and 2 up-regulated genes in the miniature pig that were highly homologous to Homo sapiens genes compared with those in the mouse. Conclusion Our results not only identify the specific transcriptome and cDNA profile in developing mandibular deciduous molars of the miniature pig, but also provide useful information for investigating the molecular mechanism of tooth development in the miniature pig. PMID:24750690

2014-01-01

315

Molar mass characterization of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose by SEC-MALLS.  

PubMed

Two series of sodium carboxymethyl celluloses (NaCMCs) derived from microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel samples) and cotton linters (BWL samples) with average degrees of substitution (DS) ranging from DS=0.45 to DS=1.55 were characterized by size exclusion chromatography with multi-angle laser light scattering detection (SEC-MALLS) in 100 mmol/L aqueous ammonium acetate (NH4OAc) as vaporizable eluent system. The application of vaporizable NH4OAc allows future use of the eluent system in two-dimensional separations employing evaporative light scattering detection (ELSD). The losses of samples during filtration and during the chromatographic experiment were determined. The scaling exponent as of the relation [Formula: see text] was approx. 0.61, showing that NaCMCs exhibit an expanded coil conformation in solution. No systematic dependencies of as on DS were observed. The dependences of molar mass on SEC-elution volume for samples of different DS can be well described by a common calibration curve, which is of advantage, as it allows the determination of molar masses of unknown samples by using the same calibration curve, irrespective of the DS of the NaCMC sample. Since no commercial NaCMC standards are available, correction factors were determined allowing converting a pullulan based calibration curve into a NaCMC calibration using the broad calibration approach. The weight average molar masses derived using the so established calibration curve closely agree with the ones determined by light scattering, proving the accuracy of the correction factors determined. PMID:23618306

Shakun, Maryia; Maier, Helena; Heinze, Thomas; Kilz, Peter; Radke, Wolfgang

2013-06-01

316

Microcomputed Tomography Analysis of Mesiobuccal Orifices and Major Apical Foramen in First Maxillary Molars  

PubMed Central

Objective: Aim of the study was to determined by microcomputed tomography (µCT) the horizontal distance between the main (MB1) and the second mesiobuccal canal (MB2) orifices, the vertical distance between the MB1 and MB2 orifices planes, and the distance between the anatomic apex and major apical foramen (AF). Furthermore, we characterized the entire internal and external anatomy of the MB, distalbuccal (DB) and palatal (P) maxillary first molars roots. Materials and Methods: Twenty-two intact extracted first maxillary molars were scanned by X-ray computed transaxial µCT and then 2D and 3D images were processed and analyzed. Results: The results showed that 77.27% of the mesiobuccal (MB) roots presented a second MB canal, and 29.41% of the MB2 were independent from the MB1 canals. In 15 teeth, there were three root canal orifices on the chamber floor, and 10 of these teeth presented MB2 canals. The mean vertical distance between the MB1 and MB2 planes was 1.68 ± 0.83 mm. Seven teeth had four orifices. The mean horizontal interorificial distance between the MB1 and MB2 orifices was 1.21 ± 0.5 mm. Accessory canals were observed in 33.33% of the roots, loops in 6.06%, while isthmuses were found in 15 of the 22 MB roots. Of the total roots, 74.24% presented one foramen, while all of the roots showed a major apical foramen that was not coincident with the anatomic apex. Conclusions: Our µCT analysis provided interesting features on the horizontal and vertical distance between the MB1 and MB2 orifices and on the distance of AF and anatomic apex. Clinical Relevance: These results have an important clinical value because might support the endodontist in the recruitment, negotiation and obturation of maxillary first molar canal system. PMID:22905069

Spagnuolo, Gianrico; Ametrano, Gianluca; D’Antò, Vincenzo; Formisano, Anna; Simeone, Michele; Riccitiello, Francesco; Amato, Massimo; Rengo, Sandro

2012-01-01

317

Modified cuspal relationships of mandibular molar teeth in children with Down's syndrome  

PubMed Central

A total of 50 permanent mandibular 1st molars of 26 children with Down's syndrome (DS) were examined from dental casts and 59 permanent mandibular 1st molars of normal children were examined from 33 individuals. The following measurements were performed on both right and left molars (teeth 46 and 36 respectively): (a) the intercusp distances (mb-db, mb-d, mb-dl, db-ml, db-d, db-dl, db-ml, d-dl, d-ml, dl-ml); (b) the db-mb-ml, mb-db-ml, mb-ml-db, d-mb-dl, mb-d-dl, mb-dl-d angles; (c) the area of the pentagon formed by connecting the cusp tips. All intercusp distances were significantly smaller in the DS group. Stepwise logistic regression, applied to all the intercusp distances, was used to design a multivariate probability model for DS and normals. A model based on 2 distances only, mb-dl and mb-db, proved sufficient to discriminate between the teeth of DS and the normal population. The model for tooth 36 for example was as follows: formula here A similar model for tooth 46 was also created, as well as a model which incorporated both teeth. With respect to the angles, significant differences between DS and normals were found in 3 out of the 6 angles which were measured: the d-mb-dl angle was smaller than in normals, the mb-d-dl angle was higher, and the mb-dl-d angle was smaller. The dl cusp was located closer to the centre of the tooth. The change in size occurs at an early stage, while the change in shape occurs in a later stage of tooth formation in the DS population. PMID:10029186

PERETZ, BENJAMIN; SHAPIRA, JOSEPH; FARBSTEIN, HANNA; ARIELI, ELIAHU; SMITH, PATRICIA

1998-01-01

318

Determination of Partial Molar Volume of Ferrous Iron in Silicate Melts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The density of silicate liquids and partial molar volumes of oxide components have been a topic of intense study over several decades. Nevertheless, only a handful of density measurements have been performed in ferrous- iron dominated melts. Ferrous iron is among the most important elements in the crust and mantle. Knowledge of the partial molar volume of ferrous iron is critical to calculating phase saturation, exchange equilibrium, density etc. in major rock-forming phases as a function of pressure. We have developed a protocol for measuring density of silicate melts under reducing conditions using a single-bob Archimedean device. We are currently performing density measurements in the CaO-FeO-Al2O3-SiO2 system with the goal of accurately constraining the partial molar volume of ferrous iron as a function of temperature and composition. The device as currently configured uses a Mo crucible and Mo bob assembly. Preliminary work in mildly reducing melts suggest that up to 3 mol% Mo oxide in the silicate melt can coexist with Mo metal. On quench, Mo comes out of solution forming globular "micro-nuggets" and/or dendritic crystals. Under more reducing conditions in Fe-rich compositions, Fe in the silicate reacts with Mo metal to form "micro-nuggets" of equilibrium immiscible Fe-Mo liquid alloy. We believe that under these conditions the Fe content of the melt and the formation of "micro-nuggets" are governed by the reactions: \\begin{eqnarray} {Mo(s) + \\frac{y}{2} O2 \\ (g)} &?& {MoO y \\ ( silicate \\ melt) ? Mo( alloy) + \\frac{y}{2} O2 \\ (g)}\

Dwyer, C. A.; Kress, V. C.

2007-12-01

319

Enamel thickness variation of deciduous first and second upper molars in modern humans and Neanderthals.  

PubMed

Enamel thickness and dental tissue proportions have been recognized as effective taxonomic discriminators between Neanderthal and modern humans teeth. However, most of the research on this topic focused on permanent teeth, and little information is available for the deciduous dentition. Moreover, although worn teeth are more frequently found than unworn teeth, published data for worn teeth are scarce and methods for the assessment of their enamel thickness need to be developed. Here, we addressed this issue by studying the 2D average enamel thickness (AET) and 2D relative enamel thickness (RET) of Neanderthal and modern humans unworn to moderately worn upper first deciduous molars (dm(1)s) and upper second deciduous molars (dm(2)s). In particular, we used 3D ?CT data to investigate the mesial section for dm(1)s and both mesial and buccal sections for dm(2)s. Our results confirmed previous findings of an Neanderthal derived condition of thin enamel, and thinner enamel in dm(1)s than dm(2)s in both Neanderthal and modern humans. We demonstrated that the Neanderthal 2D RET indices are significantly lower than those of modern humans at similar wear stages in both dm(1)s and dm(2)s (p < 0.05). The discriminant analysis showed that using 2D RET from dm(1) and dm(2) sections at different wear stages up to 93% of the individuals are correctly classified. Moreover, we showed that the dm(2) buccal sections, although non-conventionally used, might have an advantage on mesial sections since they distinguish as well as mesial sections but tend to be less worn. Therefore, the 2D analysis of enamel thickness is suggested as a means for taxonomic discrimination between modern humans and Neanderthal unworn to moderately worn upper deciduous molars. PMID:25282273

Fornai, Cinzia; Benazzi, Stefano; Svoboda, Ji?í; Pap, Ildikó; Harvati, Katerina; Weber, Gerhard W

2014-11-01

320

Function of pretribosphenic and tribosphenic mammalian molars inferred from 3D animation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Appearance of the tribosphenic molar in the Late Jurassic (160 Ma) is a crucial innovation for food processing in mammalian evolution. This molar type is characterized by a protocone, a talonid basin and a two-phased chewing cycle, all of which are apomorphic. In this functional study on the teeth of Late Jurassic Dryolestes leiriensis and the living marsupial Monodelphis domestica, we demonstrate that pretribosphenic and tribosphenic molars show fundamental differences of food reduction strategies, representing a shift in dental function during the transition of tribosphenic mammals. By using the Occlusal Fingerprint Analyser (OFA), we simulated the chewing motions of the pretribosphenic Dryolestes that represents an evolutionary precursor condition to such tribosphenic mammals as Monodelphis. Animation of chewing path and detection of collisional contacts between virtual models of teeth suggests that Dryolestes differs from the classical two-phased chewing movement of tribosphenidans, due to the narrowing of the interdental space in cervical (crown-root transition) direction, the inclination angle of the hypoflexid groove, and the unicuspid talonid. The pretribosphenic chewing cycle is equivalent to phase I of the tribosphenic chewing cycle, but the former lacks phase II of the tribosphenic chewing. The new approach can analyze the chewing cycle of the jaw by using polygonal 3D models of tooth surfaces, in a way that is complementary to the electromyography and strain gauge studies of muscle function of living animals. The technique allows alignment and scaling of isolated fossil teeth and utilizes the wear facet orientation and striation of the teeth to reconstruct the chewing path of extinct mammals.

Schultz, Julia A.; Martin, Thomas

2014-10-01

321

Absolute silicon molar mass measurements, the Avogadro constant and the redefinition of the kilogram  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The results of an absolute silicon molar mass determination of two independent sets of samples from the highly 28Si-enriched crystal (AVO28) produced by the International Avogadro Coordination are presented and compared with results published by the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB, Germany), the National Research Council (NRC, Canada) and the National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ, Japan). This study developed and describes significant changes to the published protocols for producing absolute silicon isotope ratios. The measurements were made at very high resolution on a multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer using tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) to dissolve and dilute all samples. The various changes in the measurement protocol and the use of TMAH resulted in significant improvements to the silicon isotope ratio precision over previously reported measurements and in particular, the robustness of the 29Si/30Si ratio of the AVO28 material. These new results suggest that a limited isotopic variability is present in the AVO28 material. The presence of this variability is at present singular and therefore its significance is not well understood. Fortunately, its magnitude is small enough so as to have an insignificant effect on the overall uncertainty of an Avogadro constant derived from the average molar mass of all four AVO28 silicon samples measured in this study. The NIST results confirm the AVO28 molar mass values reported by PTB and NMIJ and confirm that the virtual element-isotope dilution mass spectrometry approach to calibrated absolute isotope ratio measurements developed by PTB is capable of very high precision as well as accuracy. The Avogadro constant NA and derived Planck constant h based on these measurements, together with their associated standard uncertainties, are 6.02214076(19) × 1023 mol-1 and 6.62607017(21) × 10-34 Js, respectively.

Vocke, R. D., Jr.; Rabb, S. A.; Turk, G. C.

2014-10-01

322

Inferior alveolar nerve damage caused by bone wax in third molar surgery.  

PubMed

The authors present a case of inferior alveolar nerve morbidity attributable to use of bone wax to control haemorrhage during third molar surgery. The patient presented after 11 symptom-free years with parasthesia and, eventually pain in the cutaneous distribution of the right inferior alveolar nerve. Radiographs revealed a 1cm radiolucency consistent with a neuroma. Pathological examination of the surgically resected lesion revealed a foreign body reaction to bone wax. The case illustrates the poor resorption qualities of bone wax and the need for other haemostatic agents to achieve haemostasis in dentoalveolar surgery. PMID:20382504

Katre, C; Triantafyllou, A; Shaw, R J; Brown, J S

2010-05-01

323

Pre- and postoperative management techniques. Before and after. Part 2: the removal of third molars.  

PubMed

This article aims to highlight the strengths and weaknesses within the selected evidence to aid readers in clinical decision-making when managing patients before and after third molar surgery. Preoperative methods to prevent nerve damage, including the use of computed tomography (CT), are discussed. Preoperative considerations are also summarised, including risk factors such as increasing the occurrence of nerve deficit, weakness and damage, and the role of cone beam CT and when this should be used. The postoperative complications pain, swelling and infection are considered and the available evidence for the use of different protocols, regimes and combinations of therapies summarised. PMID:25766164

Mansoor, J

2015-03-13

324

The usefulness of Belgian formulae in third molar-based age assessment of Indians.  

PubMed

The third molars are one of few useful predictors for assessing the degree of maturity in adolescence and young adulthood. It has application in age estimation in the age group of 14-23 years, in general, and in juvenile/adult status prediction, in particular. Using a 10-stage grading of third molars, Gunst et al. developed regression formulae on a large sample of Belgians (n=2513) for estimating age. Their research has been recommended as a 'reference study' in age estimation guidelines. The present study has ventured to determine if estimating age in Indians using the Belgian formulae produced results comparable to those reported in the Belgian study; in addition, this study attempts to determine if the same formulae predicted juvenile/adult status (age molars. In total, 916 teeth were assessed using the same 10-stage grading. Age in each OPG was estimated by applying the relevant Belgian regression formulae (regression formulae are available for one, two, three and four third molars). To determine if the formulae produced age estimates comparable to those in the Belgian study, the percentage of Indian subjects whose actual age fell within the 68% confidence interval (CI) (calculated from the ± 1 S.D. value available for each Belgian formula) was ascertained. If ? 68% of Indian subjects' age fell inside this interval, it indicates that the Belgian formulae are applicable in Indians. To assess the suitability of the Belgian formulae in predicting juvenile/adult status in Indians, the accuracy of the age estimation per se was not considered, rather, the number of correct

Bhowmik, Biyas; Acharya, Ashith B; Naikmasur, Venkatesh G

2013-03-10

325

Note: Nonpolar solute partial molar volume response to attractive interactions with water  

SciTech Connect

The impact of attractive interactions on the partial molar volumes of methane-like solutes in water is characterized using molecular simulations. Attractions account for a significant 20% volume drop between a repulsive Weeks-Chandler-Andersen and full Lennard-Jones description of methane interactions. The response of the volume to interaction perturbations is characterized by linear fits to our simulations and a rigorous statistical thermodynamic expression for the derivative of the volume to increasing attractions. While a weak non-linear response is observed, an average effective slope accurately captures the volume decrease. This response, however, is anticipated to become more non-linear with increasing solute size.

Williams, Steven M.; Ashbaugh, Henry S., E-mail: hanka@tulane.edu [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70118 (United States)

2014-01-07

326

Bupivacaine as pre-emptive analgesia in third molar surgery: Randomised controlled trial.  

PubMed

We conducted a prospective, randomised study on the use of pre-emptive analgesia in 45 patients who had bilateral impacted third molars removed. Bupivacaine 0.5% with adrenaline 1:200,000 was injected on one side, the other side acting as control. A visual analogue scale was used to measure the extent of postoperative pain. There was a significant reduction (p = 0.05) in postoperative pain on the injected side at 6, 12, and 72 h and an overall reduction in pain up to 7 days. PMID:16457912

Nayyar, M Sharif; Yates, C

2006-12-01

327

Does space in the jaw influence the timing of molar crown initiation? A model using baboons (Papio anubis) and great apes (Pan troglodytes, Pan paniscus).  

PubMed

Radiographic and histological studies of baboon (Papio hamadryas, P. anubis) and chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) permanent tooth development have found that periods of molar crown mineralization overlap markedly in chimpanzees but are staggered in baboons. Here we test the hypothesis that these intertaxon differences in molar initiation are primarily due to the space available in the mandibles of each species for these teeth. This study includes radiographic, linear measurement, and three-dimensional (3D) coordinate landmark data taken from baboon (Papio anubis n=51) and great ape (Pan paniscus n=43, P. troglodytes n=60) mandibles and permanent molars across a broad developmental range for each taxon. Unexpectedly, 3D multivariate statistical shape analysis of the molar crypt, crown, and root data shows that all three species trajectories of molar row shape change are indistinguishable from each other. Qualitative analysis of these 3D data reveals subtle and inconclusive intergeneric differences in the space maintained between adjacent molars during growth. The space distal to each newly initiated molar is slightly greater in the baboon. Bivariate analyses comparing molar row and mandibular corpus proportions in Papio and Pan fail to show clear or consistent taxonomic differences in the ratio of space afforded developing molars in the alveolar bone. Thus, there is a poor correlation between mandibular proportion and both intermolar spacing and 3D molar development pattern. Contrary to earlier studies, these results suggest that pattern of molar crown initiation and temporal overlap of adjacent mineralizing crowns is not significantly different between Papio and Pan. This may be due in part to the inclusion here of not only 3D molar crown data but also 3D molar crypt data. This study strongly refutes the hypothesis that space available in the mandible directly underlies different times of permanent molar crown initiation between Papio and Pan. PMID:14984783

Boughner, Julia C; Dean, M Christopher

2004-03-01

328

Molecular dynamics simulation of the molar volumes and solubility parameters of straight alkanes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The straight chain n-alkanes used as core materials to fabricate nanoencapsulated and microencapsulated phase change of materials (PCM) have received much attention in recent years. The dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) simulation method has been emerged to investigate the encapsulated PCM from the perspective of mesoscopic. To obtain the Flory-Huggins and repulsion parameters, which is essential for the DPD study, the molar volume and solubility parameter of straight alkanes are investigated by using molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The results showed that a linear relationship of molar volume (V) with carbon atom number (n) and simulation temperature (T) can be obtained as: V = -31.73 + 0.26T + 14.82n. A nonlinear relationship of solubility parameter (?) with carbon atom number and simulation temperature can be described as: ? = 18.45-3.66 ×10-2n + 1.07T - 1.20 ×10-5n2 - 9.60 ×10-2T2 - 2.49 ×10-3nT. The equations can be used as a reference for the further DPD simulation in n-alkanes based PCM system.

Liu, Xinjian; Rao, Zhonghao; Huo, Yutao

2014-12-01

329

Sealing versus partial caries removal in primary molars: a randomized clinical trial  

PubMed Central

Background The resin-based pit and fissure sealant is considered a successful tool in caries prevention, however there is a growing evidence of its use in controlling already established caries in posterior teeth. The aim of this clinical trial is to verify the efficacy of pit and fissure sealants in arresting dentinal caries lesions compared to partial excavation and restorative treatment in primary molar teeth. Methods Thirty six patients with occlusal cavitated primary molar reaching outer half of dentin were selected. The patients were randomly allocated into two groups: sealant application (experimental group – n?=?17) and restoration with composite resin (control group – n?=?19). Clinical and radiograph evaluation were performed after 6, 12 and 18 months. The chi-square test was used to verify the distribution of characteristics variables of the sample among the groups. The survival rate of treatments was evaluated using Kaplan–Meier survival and log-rank test. Fisher’s Exact and logistic regression tests were calculated in each evaluation period (??=?5%). Results The control group showed significantly better clinical survival after 18 months (p?=?0.0025). In both groups, no caries progression was registered on the radiographic evaluations. Conclusions Sealing had similar efficacy in the arrestment of caries progression of cavitated occlusal lesions compared to partial excavation of the lesions, even though the frequency of re-treatments was significantly higher in sealed lesions. Trial registration Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos (ReBEC): RBR-9kkv53 PMID:24884684

2014-01-01

330

Effect of Erythrina mulungu on anxiety during extraction of third molars  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Erythrina mulungu on the control of dental anxiety in patients who had under gone bilateral extraction of asymptomatic, impacted mandibular third molars. Material and Methods: In a randomized, double-blind, crossover study, 30 healthy volunteers (5 men and 25 women, over 18 years of age), received either 500mg of E.mulungu (Mulungu Matusa®) or 500 mg of placebo, p.o., one hour before surgical procedure. The level ofanxiety was assessed through questionnaire sand physical parameters, such as blood pressure, heart rate andoxygen saturation. Data were analyzed by Chi-square test, ANOVA (Tukey test) and Friedman with significance level of 5%. Results: A higher preference (Chi-square, p = 0.0062) for E. mulungu was observed for both genders. Volunteers with higher anxiety levels tended to to prefer E. mulungu. No statistically significant differences were verified in blood pressure (one-way ANOVA, p = 0.1259), heart rate (Friedman, p> 0.05) and oxygen saturation (Friedman, p = 0.7664) among periods and types of treatments. Conclusions: E. mulungu showed an anxiolytic effect without significant changes in physiological parameters. It could be considered as an alternative to control the anxiety in adult patients undergoing mandibular thirdmolars surgery. Key words:Anxiety, Erythrina mulungu, third molar, oral surgery. PMID:24880443

Silveira-Souto, Maria L.; São-Mateus, Carla R.; Groppo, Francisco C.

2014-01-01

331

MOLAR: Modular Linux and Adaptive Runtime Support for HEC OS/R Research  

SciTech Connect

MOLAR is a multi-institution research effort that concentrates on adaptive, reliable,and efficient operating and runtime system solutions for ultra-scale high-end scientific computing on the next generation of supercomputers. This research addresses the challenges outlined by the FAST-OS - forum to address scalable technology for runtime and operating systems --- and HECRTF --- high-end computing revitalization task force --- activities by providing a modular Linux and adaptable runtime support for high-end computing operating and runtime systems. The MOLAR research has the following goals to address these issues. (1) Create a modular and configurable Linux system that allows customized changes based on the requirements of the applications, runtime systems, and cluster management software. (2) Build runtime systems that leverage the OS modularity and configurability to improve efficiency, reliability, scalability, ease-of-use, and provide support to legacy and promising programming models. (3) Advance computer reliability, availability and serviceability (RAS) management systems to work cooperatively with the OS/R to identify and preemptively resolve system issues. (4) Explore the use of advanced monitoring and adaptation to improve application performance and predictability of system interruptions. The overall goal of the research conducted at NCSU is to develop scalable algorithms for high-availability without single points of failure and without single points of control.

Frank Mueller

2009-02-05

332

Pattern of self-administered paracetamol and codeine analgesic consumption after mandibular third-molar surgery.  

PubMed

Pattern of analgesic consumption after unilateral mandibular third-molar surgery was investigated in an open study in 201 patients. All patients were supplied with six analgesic tablets containing 500 mg paracetamol and 30 mg codeine. Instructions for use were given. A mean consumption of 4.9 tablets over the 1st week and 3.6 tablets the day of operation was found. Eight (4%) patients indicated inadequate or no effect of the medication. The remaining patients were able to control pain, to a level of one-third of maximum pain, by using from one to five tablets. One hundred and thirty-two (68%) patients followed instructions with regard to start of medication. No difference in mean tablet consumption was found between compliant patients and those who delayed the intake of the first analgesic dose by more than 1 h. Predictor analysis showed the most powerful predictors to be preoperative depth of the third molar and moderate or heavy smoking. Thirteen per cent explanatory power of all predictors together was found. PMID:9370023

Berge, T I

1997-10-01

333

Accuracy of Cameriere's cut-off value for third molar in assessing 18 years of age.  

PubMed

Due to increasingly numerous international migrations, estimating the age of unaccompanied minors is becoming of enormous significance for forensic professionals who are required to deliver expert opinions. The third molar tooth is one of the few anatomical sites available for estimating the age of individuals in late adolescence. This study verifies the accuracy of Cameriere's cut-off value of the third molar index (I3M) in assessing 18 years of age. For this purpose, a sample of orthopantomographs (OPTs) of 397 living subjects aged between 13 and 22 years (192 female and 205 male) was analyzed. Age distribution gradually decreases as I3M increases in both males and females. The results show that the sensitivity of the test was 86.6%, with a 95% confidence interval of (80.8%, 91.1%), and its specificity was 95.7%, with a 95% confidence interval of (92.1%, 98%). The proportion of correctly classified individuals was 91.4%. Estimated post-test probability, p was 95.6%, with a 95% confidence interval of (92%, 98%). Hence, the probability that a subject positive on the test (i.e., I3M<0.08) was 18 years of age or older was 95.6%. PMID:24365729

De Luca, S; Biagi, R; Begnoni, G; Farronato, G; Cingolani, M; Merelli, V; Ferrante, L; Cameriere, R

2014-02-01

334

Reliability of Third Molar Development for Age Estimation by Radiographic Examination (Demirjian’s Method)  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Dental age estimation methods are of particular value because teeth are highly resistant to mechanical, chemical, or physical impacts and time. Teeth are the strongest parts in the human body and are therefore very resistant to external influences, such as extreme temperatures, explosions, and other extreme conditions, which make them available for extensive postmortem periods. Aim: To correlate chronological age with dental age using Demirijian’s method. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out on 100 digital orthopantamograms (OPG) of patients in the age group of 7 to 24 years. During the analysis, Magnify’ and Ruler’ tools were used. Mandibular right third molar was used for entire study. Data collected was analysed by using SPSS software. Results: Development of third molar in all stages was found slightly earlier in males than in females, when chronological age was compared with dental age using Demirjian method. 88% subject showed statistically significant linear correlation between chronological age and developmental age using Demirjian’s method. Conclusion: The linear correlation between chronological age and dental age using to Demirjian’s method was more in age group above 16 years and less in age group below 16 years. Demirijian’s method is a reliable guide for age estimation in age group of 7 to 24 years of age. PMID:24995239

Patil, Swapnil N; Kamble, Seema D; Mowade, Tushar; Motghare, Pavan

2014-01-01

335

Evaluation of formocresol, calcium hydroxide, ferric sulfate, and MTA primary molar pulpotomies  

PubMed Central

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate four different pulpotomy medicaments in primary molars. Materials and Methods: A total of 147 primary molars with deep caries were treated with four different pulpotomy medicaments (FC: formocresol, FS: ferric sulfate, CH: calcium hydroxide, and MTA: mineral trioxide aggregate) in this study. The criteria for tooth selection for inclusion were no clinical and radiographic evidence of pulp pathology. During 30 months of follow-up at 6-month intervals, clinical and radiographic success and failures were recorded. The differences between the groups were statistically analyzed using the Chi-square test and Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results: At 30 months, clinical success rates were 100%, 95.2%, 96.4%, and 85% in the FC, FS, MTA, and CH groups, respectively. In radiographic analysis, the MTA group had the highest (96.4%), and the CH group had the lowest success rate (85%). There were no clinical and radiographic differences between materials (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Although there were no differences between materials, only in the CH group did three teeth require extraction due to further clinical symptoms of radiographic failures during the 30-month follow-up period. None of the failed teeth in the other groups required extraction during the 30-month follow-up period. PMID:24966776

Yildiz, Esma; Tosun, Gul

2014-01-01

336

Quadrupole terms in the Maxwell equations: Born energy, partial molar volume, and entropy of ions.  

PubMed

A new equation of state relating the macroscopic quadrupole moment density Q to the gradient of the field ?E in an isotropic fluid is derived: Q = ?Q(?E - U?·E/3), where the quadrupolarizability ?Q is proportional to the squared molecular quadrupole moment. Using this equation of state, a generalized expression for the Born energy of an ion dissolved in quadrupolar solvent is obtained. It turns out that the potential and the energy of a point charge in a quadrupolar medium are finite. From the obtained Born energy, the partial molar volume and the partial molar entropy of a dissolved ion follow. Both are compared to experimental data for a large number of simple ions in aqueous solutions. From the comparison the value of the quadrupolar length LQ is determined, LQ = (?Q/3?)(1/2) = 1-4 Å. Data for ion transfer from aqueous to polar oil solution are analyzed, which allowed for the determination of the quadrupolarizability of nitrobenzene. PMID:24559353

Slavchov, Radomir I; Ivanov, Tzanko I

2014-02-21

337

Immunohistochemical analysis of Ki-67 in dental follicle of asymptomatic impacted third molars  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Dental follicle (DF) is an ectomesenchymal tissue that surrounds the developing tooth germ and contains precursor cells for cementoblasts, periodontal ligaments and osteoblasts. Radiographically, the DFs are seen as semicircular radiolucencies around unerupted teeth. However, if the DFs are larger than 2.5 mm, they are considered to be a pathological change. Aims and Objectives: The purpose of this study is to assess the cell proliferation activity of DF surrounding an asymptomatic impacted third molar teeth using the Ki 67 proliferation marker and to evaluate the variation of cell proliferation depending on the age factor. Materials and Methods: Forty-four specimens of DFs associated with impacted mandibular third molars fully covered by mucosa or bone were surgically removed from 44 patients. The patients were divided into 2 age groups. Twenty of forty-four DFs were between 18 and 29 years (Group 1) and 24 were 30 years and above (Group 2). Ki-67 immunostaining was evaluated in epithelial component of the DFs. Results: Ki 67 expression was found to be 60% in Group 1 and 75% in Group 2. Statistically significant differences were found among the two groups in both the basal layer and the supra-basal layer. Conclusion: This study shows that DFs have more proliferative potential in older people as compared to the young and squamous metaplasia may be an early sign of developing lesions of odontogenic origin. Therefore, clinicians should be aware that histopathological changes could be found in DFs without clinical and radiographic alterations. PMID:25328297

Kucukkolbasi, Hasan; Esen, Alparslan; Erinanc, Ozgur Hilal

2014-01-01

338

Polymorphous crystals from chlorozincate-choline chloride ionic liquids in different molar ratios  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Polymorphous crystals of chlorozincate-choline chloride ionic liquid (IL) in different molar ratios were incubated at 5 °C and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and optical microscope (OM). It is clearly shown that the properties of IL crystal change significantly with X(ZnCl 2) (mole fraction of ZnCl 2) over the range from 0.67 to 0.40. Crystal ( a) (m.p. 45 °C) is formed at X(ZnCl 2)=0.67, both crystal ( a) and crystal ( b) (m.p. 85 °C) are observed at X(ZnCl)=0.50. However, crystal ( c) (m.p. 27 °C) and non-coordinated choline chloride are observed at X(ZnCl 2)=0.40. Morphology of the IL crystal also changes greatly with the X(ZnCl 2). This investigation reveals that structures and properties of the IL anions vary with the X(ZnCl 2) and the molar ratio is a pivotal factor dominating the IL property.

Liu, Yaodong; Wu, Guozhong; Qi, Mingying

2005-08-01

339

Ankylosis of the mouse molar after systemic administration of 1-hydroxyethylidene-1,1-bisphosphonate (HEBP).  

PubMed

The proposed homeostasis between fibroblasts in the periodontal ligament and bone cells lining the inner aspect of the alveolar wall is thought to be responsible for maintaining the width of the periodontal ligament space. In the present study, we attempted to interfere with this cellular balance by systemic administration of 1-hydroxyethylidene-1,1-bisphosphonate (HEBP). The maxillary left molars of mice were extracted. They then received a daily subcutaneous injection of HEBP (10 mg P/kg b.w.) for periods of 10, 30 or 50 days. A 2nd group of animals received HEBP without molar extraction. Control groups were injected with Ringer's solution. The animals were sacrificed after the last injection and the mandibles processed for light and electron microscopy. HEBP treatment caused a significant decrease of the width of the periodontal ligament space which was influenced by time. Ankylosis started to occur after 30 days, predominantly in the interradicular areas and was more common around unopposed teeth. At 50 days, signs of resorption were seen along the acellular cementum layer. During HEBP-administration, extensive deposition of newly formed cementum matrix was observed along the cellular cementum but this activity was not seen along the acellular cementum. It is concluded that HEBP interferes with the mechanisms that mediate preservation of the periodontal ligament width. PMID:7929858

Wesselink, P R; Beertsen, W

1994-08-01

340

Ultrasound diagnosis of coexisting molar pregnancy following referral for abnormal serum screen.  

PubMed

Complete hydatidiform mole and coexistent fetus is a rare occurrence. We report a case of a patient referred for abnormal serum screen and vaginal bleeding in the second trimester of pregnancy. Ultrasound revealed a cystic and solid mass along the posterior uterine wall with multiple hypoechoic (honeycomb) areas noted, consistent with molar degeneration of the placenta. Separate from this mass was a coexisting viable fetus with normal fetal anatomy and distinct anterior placenta. At delivery, a large cystic mass of placental tissue appeared to be implanted separately from a normal-appearing fetus and placenta. The mass weighed 184 g and contained multiple 1- to 1.5-cm cysts throughout. Microscopic sections revealed hydropic chorionic villi with central cistern formation and nonpolar trophoblastic hyperplasia with atypia, compatible with complete hydatidiform mole. This case illustrates that the diagnosis of coexisting molar pregnancy after referral for abnormal serum screen should be considered, especially if maternal serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin is high and the patient has vaginal bleeding. PMID:15668845

Monga, Manju; Schumacher, Vicki; Wicklund, Catherine A; Brown, Richard; Le, Duc; Mastrobattista, Joan M

2005-01-01

341

The Anxiolytic Effect of Midazolam in Third Molar Extraction: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Purpose To assess the efficacy of midazolam for anxiety control in third molar extraction surgery. Methods Electronic retrievals were conducted in Medline (via PubMed, 1950-2013.12), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2013, Issue 3), Embase (via OVID 1974-2013.12), and the System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe (SIGLE). The bibliographies of relevant clinical trials were also checked. Randomized controlled trials satisfying the inclusion criteria were evaluated, with data extraction done independently by two well-trained investigators. Disagreements were resolved by discussion or by consultation with a third member of the review team. Results Ten studies were included, but meta-analysis could not be conducted because of the significant differences among articles. All but one article demonstrated that midazolam could relieve anxiety. One article demonstrated that propofol offered superior anxiolysis, with more rapid recovery than with midazolam. Compared with lorazepam and diazepam, midazolam did not distinctly dominate in its sedative effect, but was safer. Two articles used midazolam in multidrug intravenous sedation and proved it to be more effective than midazolam alone. Conclusion It was found, by comparison and analysis, that midazolam might be effective for use for anxiety control during third molar extraction and can be safely administered by a dedicated staff member. It can also be used with other drugs to obtain better sedative effects, but the patient’s respiratory function must be monitored closely, because multidrug sedation is also more risky. PMID:25849859

Chen, Qi; Wang, Lufei; Ge, Lina; Gao, Yuan; Wang, Hang

2015-01-01

342

Expression of Nfic during root formation in first mandibular molar of rat.  

PubMed

The transcription factor Nfic is a key regulator during tooth development. Nfic deficient mice exhibit short and abnormal molar roots and severely deformed incisors. Dental epithelial cells, known as Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS), participate in root formation. However, whether Nfic is involved in HERS-mesenchyme interaction remains unclear. In this study, the detail temporal and spatial expression pattern of Nfic during rat molar development was examined using immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Nfic was detected in ameloblasts, dental follicle cells (DFCs) and dental papilla cells (DPCs), especially the DPCs close to dentin, from postnatal day 5 to day 16. Nfic expression in DPCs, DFCs and HERS cells was also examined by western blot and RT-PCR. Nfic was detected in DPCs and DFCs, but not in HERS cells. Co-culture experiment further indicated that Nfic mRNA expression in DPCs was elevated by the presence of HERS cells. Our results revealed that Nfic could be a marker gene for root odontoblasts differentiation initiation and its expression might be regulated through epithelial-mesenchymal interaction. PMID:25074584

Chen, Xiang; Chen, Guoqing; Feng, Lian; Jiang, Zongting; Guo, Weihua; Yu, Mei; Tian, Weidong

2014-12-01

343

Wntless regulates dentin apposition and root elongation in the mandibular molar.  

PubMed

Wnt signaling plays an essential role in the dental epithelium and mesenchyme during tooth morphogenesis. However, it remains unclear if Wnt ligands, produced from dental mesenchyme, are necessary for odontoblast differentiation and dentin formation. Here, we show that odontoblast-specific disruption of Wntless (Wls), a chaperon protein that regulates Wnt sorting and secretion, leads to severe defects in dentin formation and root elongation. Dentin thickness decreased remarkably and pulp chambers enlarged in the mandibular molars of OC-Cre;Wls(CO/CO) mice. Although the initial odontoblast differentiation was normal in the mutant crown, odontoblasts became cuboidal and dentin thickness was reduced. In immunohistochemistry, Wnt10a, ?-catenin, type I collagen, and dentin sialoprotein were significantly down-regulated in the odontoblasts of mutant crown. In addition, roots were short and root canals were widened. Cell proliferation was reduced in the developing root apex of mutant molars. Furthermore, Wnt10a and Axin2 expression was remarkably decreased in the odontoblasts of mutant roots. Deletion of the Wls gene in odontoblasts appears to reduce canonical Wnt activity, leading to inhibition of odontoblast maturation and root elongation. PMID:25595365

Bae, C H; Kim, T H; Ko, S O; Lee, J C; Yang, X; Cho, E S

2015-03-01

344

Molar tooth sign of the midbrain-hindbrain junction: occurrence in multiple distinct syndromes.  

PubMed

The Molar Tooth Sign (MTS) is defined by an abnormally deep interpeduncular fossa; elongated, thick, and mal-oriented superior cerebellar peduncles; and absent or hypoplastic cerebellar vermis that together give the appearance of a "molar tooth" on axial brain MRI through the junction of the midbrain and hindbrain (isthmus region). It was first described in Joubert syndrome (JS) where it is present in the vast majority of patients with this diagnosis. We previously showed that the MTS is a component of several other syndromes, including Dekaban-Arima (DAS), Senior-Löken, and COACH (cerebellar vermis hypoplasia (CVH), oligophrenia, ataxia, coloboma, and hepatic fibrosis). Here we present evidence that the MTS is seen together with polymicrogyria, Váradi-Papp syndrome (Orofaciodigital VI (OFD VI)), and a new syndrome with encephalocele and cortical renal cysts. We also present a new patient with COACH syndrome plus the MTS. We propose that the MTS is found in multiple distinct clinical syndromes that may share common developmental mechanisms. Proper classification of patients with these variants of the MTS will be essential for localization and identification of mutant genes. PMID:14981712

Gleeson, Joseph G; Keeler, Lesley C; Parisi, Melissa A; Marsh, Sarah E; Chance, Phillip F; Glass, Ian A; Graham Jr, John M; Maria, Bernard L; Barkovich, A James; Dobyns, William B

2004-03-01

345

Hydrophobic hydration and the anomalous partial molar volumes in ethanol-water mixtures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The anomalous behavior in the partial molar volumes of ethanol-water mixtures at low concentrations of ethanol is studied using molecular dynamics simulations. Previous work indicates that the striking minimum in the partial molar volume of ethanol VE as a function of ethanol mole fraction XE is determined mainly by water-water interactions. These results were based on simulations that used one water model for the solute-water interactions but two different water models for the water-water interactions. This is confirmed here by using two more water models for the water-water interactions. Furthermore, the previous work indicates that the initial decrease is caused by association of the hydration shells of the hydrocarbon tails, and the minimum occurs at the concentration where all of the hydration shells are touching each other. Thus, the characteristics of the hydration of the tail that cause the decrease and the features of the water models that reproduce this type of hydration are also examined here. The results show that a single-site multipole water model with a charge distribution that mimics the large quadrupole and the p-orbital type electron density out of the molecular plane has "brittle" hydration with hydrogen bonds that break as the tails touch, which reproduces the deep minimum. However, water models with more typical site representations with partial charges lead to flexible hydration that tends to stay intact, which produces a shallow minimum. Thus, brittle hydration may play an essential role in hydrophobic association in water.

Tan, Ming-Liang; Miller, Benjamin T.; Te, Jerez; Cendagorta, Joseph R.; Brooks, Bernard R.; Ichiye, Toshiko

2015-02-01

346

In Search of a Better Option: Dexamethasone Versus Methylprednisolone in Third Molar Impaction Surgery  

PubMed Central

Background: Post-surgical complications like pain, swelling, impaired function cause transient morbidity for the patients leading to refrainment of the treatment. Various preemptive drugs are prescribed to prevent patients from such unpleasant situations. Both dexamethasone and methyl prednisolone can be used for this purpose in surgery of third molar impactions. Materials and Methods: This was a split-mouth study consisting 25 patients having Pell and Gregory’s Class II position B bilateral impactions. About 8 mg dexamethasone and 40 mg methyl prednisolone were prescribed randomly 1 hour prior to the surgery. Pain, swelling and trismus were noted on 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 7th day following surgery. Wilcoxon test was used to assess the significance between the parameters. Results: Reduction in swelling and trismus was found to be significantly more with dexamethasone than methyl prednisolone. However, no statistical significant difference was found in post-operative pain. Conclusion: Dexamethasone can be used as a potent preemptive drug for controlling post-operative complications in the removal of third molar impactions. PMID:25628476

Darawade, Dattatraya A; Kumar, Santosh; Mehta, Rupal; Sharma, Anant Raghav; Reddy, G Sharaschandra

2014-01-01

347

The Component Slope Linear Model for Calculating Intensive Partial Molar Properties: Application to Waste Glasses and Aluminate Solutions - 13099  

SciTech Connect

Partial molar properties are the changes occurring when the fraction of one component is varied while the fractions of all other component mole fractions change proportionally. They have many practical and theoretical applications in chemical thermodynamics. Partial molar properties of chemical mixtures are difficult to measure because the component mole fractions must sum to one, so a change in fraction of one component must be offset with a change in one or more other components. Given that more than one component fraction is changing at a time, it is difficult to assign a change in measured response to a change in a single component. In this study, the Component Slope Linear Model (CSLM), a model previously published in the statistics literature, is shown to have coefficients that correspond to the intensive partial molar properties. If a measured property is plotted against the mole fraction of a component while keeping the proportions of all other components constant, the slope at any given point on a graph of this curve is the partial molar property for that constituent. Actually plotting this graph has been used to determine partial molar properties for many years. The CSLM directly includes this slope in a model that predicts properties as a function of the component mole fractions. This model is demonstrated by applying it to the constant pressure heat capacity data from the NaOHNaAl(OH){sub 4}-H{sub 2}O system, a system that simplifies Hanford nuclear waste. The partial molar properties of H{sub 2}O, NaOH, and NaAl(OH){sub 4} are determined. The equivalence of the CSLM and the graphical method is verified by comparing results determined by the two methods. The CSLM model has been previously used to predict the liquidus temperature of spinel crystals precipitated from Hanford waste glass. Those model coefficients are re-interpreted here as the partial molar spinel liquidus temperature of the glass components. (authors)

Reynolds, Jacob G. [Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC, P.O. Box 850, Richland, WA 99352 (United States)] [Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC, P.O. Box 850, Richland, WA 99352 (United States)

2013-07-01

348

Abrasive, Silica Phytoliths and the Evolution of Thick Molar Enamel in Primates, with Implications for the Diet of Paranthropus boisei  

PubMed Central

Background Primates—including fossil species of apes and hominins—show variation in their degree of molar enamel thickness, a trait long thought to reflect a diet of hard or tough foods. The early hominins demonstrated molar enamel thickness of moderate to extreme degrees, which suggested to most researchers that they ate hard foods obtained on or near the ground, such as nuts, seeds, tubers, and roots. We propose an alternative hypothesis—that the amount of phytoliths in foods correlates with the evolution of thick molar enamel in primates, although this effect is constrained by a species' degree of folivory. Methodology/Principal Findings From a combination of dietary data and evidence for the levels of phytoliths in plant families in the literature, we calculated the percentage of plant foods rich in phytoliths in the diets of twelve extant primates with wide variation in their molar enamel thickness. Additional dietary data from the literature provided the percentage of each primate's diet made up of plants and of leaves. A statistical analysis of these variables showed that the amount of abrasive silica phytoliths in the diets of our sample primates correlated positively with the thickness of their molar enamel, constrained by the amount of leaves in their diet (R2?=?0.875; p<.0006). Conclusions/Significance The need to resist abrasion from phytoliths appears to be a key selective force behind the evolution of thick molar enamel in primates. The extreme molar enamel thickness of the teeth of the East African hominin Paranthropus boisei, long thought to suggest a diet comprising predominantly hard objects, instead appears to indicate a diet with plants high in abrasive silica phytoliths. PMID:22163299

Rabenold, Diana; Pearson, Osbjorn M.

2011-01-01

349

The component slope linear model for calculating intensive partial molar properties /application to waste glasses and aluminate solutions  

SciTech Connect

Partial molar properties are the changes occurring when the fraction of one component is varied while the fractions of all other component mole fractions change proportionally. They have many practical and theoretical applications in chemical thermodynamics. Partial molar properties of chemical mixtures are difficult to measure because the component mole fractions must sum to one, so a change in fraction of one component must be offset with a change in one or more other components. Given that more than one component fraction is changing at a time, it is difficult to assign a change in measured response to a change in a single component. In this study, the Component Slope Linear Model (CSLM), a model previously published in the statistics literature, is shown to have coefficients that correspond to the intensive partial molar properties. If a measured property is plotted against the mole fraction of a component while keeping the proportions of all other components constant, the slope at any given point on a graph of this curve is the partial molar property for that constituent. Actually plotting this graph has been used to determine partial molar properties for many years. The CSLM directly includes this slope in a model that predicts properties as a function of the component mole fractions. This model is demonstrated by applying it to the constant pressure heat capacity data from the NaOH-NaAl(OH){sub 4}-H{sub 2}O system, a system that simplifies Hanford nuclear waste. The partial molar properties of H{sub 2}O, NaOH, and NaAl(OH){sub 4} are determined. The equivalence of the CSLM and the graphical method is verified by comparing results determined by the two methods. The CSLM model has been previously used to predict the liquidus temperature of spinel crystals precipitated from Hanford waste glass. Those model coefficients are re-interpreted here as the partial molar spinel liquidus temperature of the glass components.

Reynolds, Jacob G. [Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC, Richland, WA (United States)

2013-01-11

350

Selenium:Mercury Molar Ratios in Freshwater Fish from Tennessee: Individual, Species, and Geographical Variations have Implications for Management  

PubMed Central

Vertebrates, including humans, can experience adverse effects from mercury consumed in fish. Humans often prefer large predatory fish that bioaccumulate high mercury levels. Recent attention has focused on the role of selenium countering mercury toxicity, but there is little research on the selenium:mercury molar ratios in freshwater fish. We examine selenium:mercury molar ratios in freshwater fish from Tennessee at Poplar Creek which receives ongoing inputs of mercury from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge Y-12 facility. Our objective was to determine variation of the ratios within species that might affect the protectiveness of selenium against mercury toxicity. Within species, the ratio was correlated significantly and positively with fish length only for two species. There was great individual variation in the selenium:mercury molar ratio within each species, except striped bass. The lack of a clear relationship between the selenium:mercury molar ratio and fish length, and the intraspecific variation, suggests that it would be difficult to use the molar ratio in predicting either the risk from mercury toxicity or in devising consumption advisories. PMID:22456727

Burger, Joanna; Gochfeld, Michael; Jeitner, C.; Donio, M.; Pittfield, T.

2014-01-01

351

A new culture method assuring the three-dimensional development of the mouse embryonic molar tooth in vitro.  

PubMed

Mandibular first molars from 17-day-old mouse embryos were cultivated in vitro for 10 days using a new organ culture method. This method consisted of using a small glass dish and an agar chamber to slowly float the molars to the gas-medium interface where they were maintained by the surface tension of the medium. The molars developed three-dimensionally through the use of this method. Five cusps with refractile dental matrix were recognized from the occlusal side. It was easy to determine antero-posterior and bucco-lingual orientation of the molars. Thick sections of the bucco-lingual plane showed the normal cytodifferentiation of ameloblasts and odontoblasts. The thick enamel layer was formed to the extent of the fissure region between cusps. Furthermore, a great quantity of stippled material accumulated between the enamel and the ameloblasts. The stippled material displayed a meshlike fibrilar structure, and at the mineralization front, it seemed that the fibrils of stippled material adjacent to the enamel had been transformed into needlelike enamel crystals. In addition, bundles of the fibrils similar to enamel crystals were found in the stippled material. As the floatation method resulted in the three-dimensional development of the molars and the development of the enamel without the presence of histological disturbances, it was considered superior to other culture methods for the facilitation of orientation and the development of cusps. PMID:3098390

Sakakura, Y

1986-10-01

352

Diagnostic predictability of digital versus conventional panoramic radiographs in the presurgical evaluation of impacted mandibular third molars.  

PubMed

Panoramic radiographs are the most widely used radiological diagnostic technique in dental practice, offering full vision of the maxillas and adjacent regions, but there are shortcomings regarding detailed dentoalveolar exploration. This study compared the precision of digital versus conventional panoramic radiographs in the presurgical evaluation of impacted lower third molars. 390 mandibular third molars were studied in 287 patients; their position, morphology and surgical technique used were recorded. 84 molars were evaluated with digital panoramic radiographs, and 306 with conventional panoramic radiographs. Four observers compared the presurgical data with the surgical findings and the diagnostic precision was established. There were statistically significant differences between the techniques; digital panoramic radiographs were more precise than conventional radiographs in providing the correct presurgical evaluation of the impacted third molars. Surgeon experience had a statistically significant influence on planning the presurgical study. Panoramic radiographs distort the position and morphology of the lower third molar, which may affect the presurgical strategy used. In this context, and because of their lesser experience, first year residents consider the operation to be more complicated, and tend to act less conservatively and cause increased trauma. In conclusion, digital panoramic radiographs offer significantly greater diagnostic precision than conventional panoramic radiographs. PMID:19660912

Ferrús-Torres, E; Gargallo-Albiol, J; Berini-Aytés, L; Gay-Escoda, C

2009-11-01

353

Economic modeling of sealing primary molars using a "value of information" approach.  

PubMed

The objective was to evaluate 2 primary molar sealant strategies for publicly insured children using an "expected value of perfect information" (EVPI) approach. We converted a 10,000-observation tooth-level cost-effectiveness simulation model comparing 2 primary molar sealant strategies - always seal (AS) and standard care (SC) - with a 1,250-observation child-level model. Costs per child per restoration or extraction averted were estimated. Opportunity losses under the AS strategy were determined for children for whom SC was the optimal choice. We determined the EVPI by multiplying mean opportunity losses by the projected incident population of publicly insured 3-year-olds in the US over 10 years with costs discounted at 2%. All analyses were conducted under assumptions of high and low intrachild correlations between at-risk teeth. The AS strategy cost $43.68 over SC (95% CI: -$5.50, $92.86) per child per restoration or extraction averted under the high intrachild correlation assumption and $15.54 (95% CI $7.86, $23.20) under the low intrachild correlation. Under high intrachild correlation, mean opportunity losses were $80.28 (95% CI: $76.39, $84.17) per child, and AS was the optimal strategy in 31% of children. Under low correlation, mean opportunity losses were $14.61 (95% CI: $12.20, $17.68) and AS was the optimal strategy in 87% of children. The EVPI was calculated at $530,813,740 and $96,578,389 (for high and low intrachild correlation, respectively), for a projected total incident population of 8,059,712 children. On average, always sealing primary molars is more effective than standard care, but widespread implementation of this preventive approach among publicly insured children would result in large opportunity losses. Additional research is needed to identify the subgroups of publicly insured children who would benefit the most from this effective and potentially cost-saving public health intervention. PMID:25056993

Ney, J P; van der Goes, D N; Chi, D L

2014-09-01

354

A Novel Approach for Restoration of Hemisectioned Mandibular Second Molar with Modified Tunnel Restoration: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Hemisection refers to sectioning of a mandibular molar into two halves followed by removal of the diseased root and its coronal portion. Hemisection of a mandibular molar may be a suitable treatment option when the decay is restricted to one root and the other root is healthy. The retained root is endodontically treated and the furcation area is made self-cleansable. Retained tooth structure is restored as premolar which helps to reduce the masticatory load. Hemisection of mandibular molar was often referred to as premolarization. Studies showed that the remaining coronal structure influenced the fracture resistance of endodontically treated maxillary first premolars. Clinical experience showed the viability of tunnel restoration as an alternative to class II conventional cavity preparation in initial proximal lesion. This article discusses a case that presents the novel technique involved in restoration of the remaining hemisected tooth using modified tunnel restoration. PMID:25478460

Varma K, Madhu; Satish R, Kalyan; Kumar M, Sita Rama; Sajjan, Girija S

2014-01-01

355

A comparison of the effects of methylprednisolone and tenoxicam on pain, edema, and trismus after impacted lower third molar extraction  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of preemptive intravenous tenoxicam and methylprednisolone administrations on extraction of impacted third molars. Material/Methods This was a placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind, clinical trial. A total of 60 adult patients ages 18–40 years with the complaints of impacted third molar teeth were included in the study. Results The postoperative swelling ratios (p<0.05) and pain scores (p<0.05) were significantly better in both study groups than in the control group and there was no statistically significant difference between methylprednisolone and tenoxicam groups with regards to the edema and pain relief. Conclusions Preoperative administration of 80 mg methylprednisolone achieves better control of trismus than tenoxicam without any significant differences in edema and pain control in impacted third molar teeth extraction. PMID:24473372

Ilhan, Ozgur; Agacayak, Kamil Serkan; Gulsun, Belgin; Koparal, Mahmut; Gunes, Nedim

2014-01-01

356

Effect of tube drainage compared with conventional suturing on postoperative discomfort after extraction of impacted mandibular third molars.  

PubMed

The aim of this prospective randomised study was to assess the effects of tube drainage on postoperative discomfort after the extraction of impacted mandibular third molars. We studied 40 patients (11 men and 29 women) 18 years or older (mean (SD) 21 (3), range 18-29) who required extraction of mandibular third molars. We used a randomised crossover design by which if a drain was inserted on one side, then the other side was managed without a drain on a later occasion. Pain, swelling, and mouth opening were evaluated after 48 h and 7 days postoperatively in both groups. Facial swelling (p=0.001), pain p=0.001), and trismus (p=0.001) were significantly less common in the drained group compared with those not drained. We conclude that the use a tube drain is of benefit in minimising postoperative swelling, pain, and trismus after extraction of mandibular third molars. PMID:25451073

Koyuncu, B Ö; Zeytino?lu, M; Tetik, A; Gomel, M M

2015-01-01

357

Molar-mass measurement of a 28Si-enriched silicon crystal for determination of the Avogadro constant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The molar mass of a 28Si-enriched crystal was measured at the National Metrology Institute of Japan to determine the Avogadro constant by the x-ray crystal density method as part of the International Avogadro Coordination project. The molar mass was determined by isotope ratio measurements using a multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer combined with an isotope dilution technique. The 28Si-enriched crystal was dissolved in tetramethylammonium hydroxide and three different blended solutions were used to correct for mass bias in the measurement. The molar mass of the 28Si-enriched crystal was determined to be 27.976?970 09 g mol-1 with a standard uncertainty of 0.000?000 14 g mol-1. This corresponds to a relative standard uncertainty of 5.2 × 10-9. This result is consistent with measurements reported by the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Germany.

Narukawa, Tomohiro; Hioki, Akiharu; Kuramoto, Naoki; Fujii, Kenichi

2014-06-01

358

Facial Pain Associated with CPAP Use: Intra-Sinusal Third Molar  

PubMed Central

Objective. This paper describes a patient with left hemifacial pain elicited by the use of a CPAP mask. Case Report. A 74-year-old man was referred with a history of pain in the left maxillary sinus related to the use of his CPAP interface, thereby prohibiting the use of the latter. Computed tomography revealed an intra-sinusal ectopic third molar in the left maxillary sinus floor corresponding to the painful area. After removal of the ectopic tooth under local anesthesia by a Caldwell-Luc approach, the patient was relieved of his symptoms. Conclusion. Although an ectopic tooth in the maxillary sinus is rare, this case points out the importance of actively looking for a regional problem if patients cannot tolerate the CPAP interface since this can lead to issues of incompliance and medical complications due to the untreated obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. PMID:25002982

Mermod, Maxime; Broome, Martin; Hoarau, Remy; Zweifel, Daniel

2014-01-01

359

Raman studies of hydration of hydroxy complexes and the effect on standard partial molar heat capacities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Raman spectroscopic studies of aqueous hydroxy complexes B(OH) 3, B(OH) 42-, Al(OH) 4-, Zn(OH) 42-, and their deuterated analogues provide compelling evidence for the presence of strong hydrogen bonding of water in the outer solvation sphere to the oxygen of the hydroxy ligand in the first coordination sphere. The deuterated complexes are more strongly hydrogen bonded than the hydrogen complexes. The fact that these hydrogen-bonding effects for the hydroxy borates are much more pronounced than for the aluminate and zincate anions can account for the unexpectedly large differences in the standard partial molar heat capacities of B(OH) 4- and A1(OH) 4-. The extension of semi-empirical solvation models based on the Born approximation for aqueous hydrolyzed species will need to consider the rather large and specific effect of hydrogen bonding of water to the hydroxide ion.

Brooker, Murray H.; Tremaine, Peter R.

1992-06-01

360

Enhanced multiparametric hyaluronan degradation for production of molar-mass-defined fragments.  

PubMed

Hyaluronic acid (HA) is known to serve as a dynamic mediator intervening in many physiological functions. Its specific effect has been repeatedly confirmed to be strongly influenced by the molecular size of hyaluronan fragments. However common technological approaches of HA fragments production have their limitations. In many cases, the final products do not meet the strict pharmaceutical requirements, specifically due to size polydispersity and reaction contaminants. We present novel methodology based on combination of unique incidental ability of the plant-derived protease papain to split the glycosidic bonds and an indispensable advantages of biocompatible macroporous material with incorporated ferrous ions serving as carrier for covalent papain fixation. This atypical and yet unpublished highly efficient multiparametric approach allows enhanced HA fragmentation for easily and safely producing molar-mass-defined HA fragments with narrow size distribution. Native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and size exclusion chromatography/multi-angle light scattering (SEC-MALS) confirmed the effectiveness of our multiparametric approach. PMID:25129744

Holubova, Lucie; Korecka, Lucie; Podzimek, Stepan; Moravcova, Veronika; Rotkova, Jana; Ehlova, Tereza; Velebny, Vladimir; Bilkova, Zuzana

2014-11-01

361

Extensive Idiopathic External Root Resorption in First Maxillary Molar: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

External root resorption of permanent teeth is a multifactorial process. Several etiologic and predisposing factors have been related to external root resorption. Idiopathic external root resorption is defined as cases of external root resorption without a distinct etiologic factor. This article presents an extensive idiopathic external root resorption of maxillary first molar with irreversible pulpitis in an 18-year-old patient. The resorption was diagnosed in conventional radiographs and confirmed with Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) images. Unlike other reports in this field, and despite the severe resorption of all roots, there was no abnormal tooth mobility. Cold and electric pulp tests confirmed tooth vitality and revealed irreversible pulpitis. Therefore the exact etiology of the resorption remained unclear. Considering the poor prognosis due to severe root resorption, extraction and implant replacement was indicated. PMID:23717334

Bolhari, Behnam; Meraji, Naghmeh; Nosrat, Ali

2013-01-01

362

Demineralization of Enamel in Primary Second Molars Related to Properties of the Enamel  

PubMed Central

Enamel structure is of importance in demineralization. Differences in porosity in enamel effect the rate of demineralization, seen between permanent and deciduous teeth. Individual differences have been shown in the mean mineral concentration values in enamel, the role of this in demineralization is not thoroughly investigated. The aim of this study was to study variations of depths of artificial lesions of demineralization and to analyze the depth in relation to variations in the chemical and mineral composition of the enamel. A demineralized lesion was created in second primary molars from 18 individuals. Depths of lesions were then related to individual chemical content of the enamel. Enamel responded to demineralization with different lesion depths and this was correlated to the chemical composition. The carbon content in sound enamel was shown to be higher where lesions developed deeper. The lesion was deeper when the degree of porosity of the enamel was higher. PMID:22629152

Sabel, N.; Robertson, A.; Nietzsche, S.; Norén, J. G.

2012-01-01

363

Demineralization of enamel in primary second molars related to properties of the enamel.  

PubMed

Enamel structure is of importance in demineralization. Differences in porosity in enamel effect the rate of demineralization, seen between permanent and deciduous teeth. Individual differences have been shown in the mean mineral concentration values in enamel, the role of this in demineralization is not thoroughly investigated. The aim of this study was to study variations of depths of artificial lesions of demineralization and to analyze the depth in relation to variations in the chemical and mineral composition of the enamel. A demineralized lesion was created in second primary molars from 18 individuals. Depths of lesions were then related to individual chemical content of the enamel. Enamel responded to demineralization with different lesion depths and this was correlated to the chemical composition. The carbon content in sound enamel was shown to be higher where lesions developed deeper. The lesion was deeper when the degree of porosity of the enamel was higher. PMID:22629152

Sabel, N; Robertson, A; Nietzsche, S; Norén, J G

2012-01-01

364

Sagittal osteotomy for the removal of deeply impacted mandibular molars: a presentation of series of cases.  

PubMed

Sagittal osteotomy was primarily described as a treatment for prognathism and retrognathia. It has been rarely reported as an option for the removal of deeply impacted tooth. The principal indication of this approach is when the tooth is deeply impacted on the mandibular ramus or body and it presents intimate relationship between its root and inferior alveolar neurovascular bundles. In this article the author related three rare cases of lower third molar included. Because of the unusual deeply position of these, the SRRO surgery technique was realized to remove them. Sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) is technically safe and allows the removal of teeth in situations of deeply impacted mandibular ramus, angle or body with minimal trauma in a short time. PMID:25838706

Santos, Saulo Ellery; Tavares, Rodrygo Nunes; de Moraes, Márcio; Freire-Filho, Francisco Wagner Vasconcelos

2015-03-01

365

The role of molar conductivity in electrospray cone-jet mode current scaling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A high accuracy online flow rate measurement system has been used to determine the current flow rate scaling relationships for solutions of organic solvents doped with sodium iodide and for the ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium tetrafluoroborate over a range of conductivities from 0.0025-1.3S/m. The current flow rate trends for these solutions were found to exhibit a power law relationship similar to that described by previous researchers, where I (the electrospray current) is proportional to Q (the volumetric flow rate) to some power n. However, the exponent n of the current flow rate trends was found to differ from the theoretical predictions reported in the literature. A study including data from literature revealed the exponent of the current flow rate trends to be sensitive to the molar conductivity of the sprayed solution.

Smith, Katharine L.; Alexander, Matthew S.; Stark, John P. W.

2006-07-01

366

Excess molar enthalpies of an alkanol + a cyclic ether at 298.15 K  

SciTech Connect

Excess molar enthalpies H{sub m}{sup E} measured at 298.15 K using a flow calorimeter are reported for 12 mixtures of methanol, ethanol, propan-1-ol, or propan-2-ol + tetrahydrofuran (THF), + tetrahydropyran (THP), or + 1,4-dioxane. For all of the systems investigated, H{sub m}{sup E} is strongly positive over the whole mole fraction range and increase in the order methanol

Letcher, T.M.; Govender, U.P. [Univ. of Natal, Durban (South Africa). Dept. of Chemistry and Applied Chemistry

1995-09-01

367

Partial molar enthalpies and reaction enthalpies from equilibrium molecular dynamics simulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a new molecular simulation technique for determining partial molar enthalpies in mixtures of gases and liquids from single simulations, without relying on particle insertions, deletions, or identity changes. The method can also be applied to systems with chemical reactions. We demonstrate our method for binary mixtures of Weeks-Chandler-Anderson particles by comparing with conventional simulation techniques, as well as for a simple model that mimics a chemical reaction. The method considers small subsystems inside a large reservoir (i.e., the simulation box), and uses the construction of Hill to compute properties in the thermodynamic limit from small-scale fluctuations. Results obtained with the new method are in excellent agreement with those from previous methods. Especially for modeling chemical reactions, our method can be a valuable tool for determining reaction enthalpies directly from a single MD simulation.

Schnell, Sondre K.; Skorpa, Ragnhild; Bedeaux, Dick; Kjelstrup, Signe; Vlugt, Thijs J. H.; Simon, Jean-Marc

2014-10-01

368

Partial molar enthalpies and reaction enthalpies from equilibrium molecular dynamics simulation.  

PubMed

We present a new molecular simulation technique for determining partial molar enthalpies in mixtures of gases and liquids from single simulations, without relying on particle insertions, deletions, or identity changes. The method can also be applied to systems with chemical reactions. We demonstrate our method for binary mixtures of Weeks-Chandler-Anderson particles by comparing with conventional simulation techniques, as well as for a simple model that mimics a chemical reaction. The method considers small subsystems inside a large reservoir (i.e., the simulation box), and uses the construction of Hill to compute properties in the thermodynamic limit from small-scale fluctuations. Results obtained with the new method are in excellent agreement with those from previous methods. Especially for modeling chemical reactions, our method can be a valuable tool for determining reaction enthalpies directly from a single MD simulation. PMID:25318729

Schnell, Sondre K; Skorpa, Ragnhild; Bedeaux, Dick; Kjelstrup, Signe; Vlugt, Thijs J H; Simon, Jean-Marc

2014-10-14

369

Reply to ``Comment on `Hydrophobic effects on partial molar volume' '' [J. Chem. Phys. 123, 167103 (2005)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the Comment on our paper [J. Chem. Phys. 123, 167103 (2005), preceding paper], Graziano argues based on the scaled particle theory that the partial molar volume change in the transfer of a hydrophobic solute from "hypothetical nonpolar water" to water can be explained simply by the difference in the effective size of solvent molecules. Opposing to the argument, we clarify using the reference interaction site model theory that the attractive interactions represented by the hydrogen bonding play an essential role for the volume change, and that the explanation given by Graziano replaces the real physics by a fake model based on an "effective" molecular diameter. We also make a general argument against the use of hard-sphere models when one considers the properties of hydration.

Imai, Takashi; Hirata, Fumio

2005-10-01

370

Coumarin-bearing triarylamine sensitizers with high molar extinction coefficient for dye-sensitized solar cells  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coumarin unit is introduced into triarylamine and three organic sensitizers are designed and synthesized with triarylamine bearing coumarin moiety as the electron donor, conjugated system containing thiophene unit as the ?-bridge, and cyanoacetic acid moiety as the electron acceptor. The light-harvesting capabilities and photovoltaic performance of these dyes are investigated systematically with the comparison of different ?-bridges. High molar extinction coefficients are observed in these triarylamine dyes and the photocurrent and photovoltage are increased with the introduction of another thiophene or benzene. Optimal photovoltaic performance (? = 6.24%, Voc = 690 mV, Jsc = 14.33 mA cm-2, and ff = 0.63) is observed in the DSSC based on dye with thiophene-phenyl unit as the ?-conjugated bridge under 100 mW cm-2 simulated AM 1.5 G solar irradiation.

Zhong, Changjian; Gao, Jianrong; Cui, Yanhong; Li, Ting; Han, Liang

2015-01-01

371

Selective and sensitive spectrophotometric method for determination of sub-micro-molar amounts of aluminium ion.  

PubMed

A simple and accurate spectrophotometric method for determination of trace and ultra-trace amounts of Al3+ ion in tap and wastewater sample has been described. Using the eriochrome cyanine R (ECR) in the presence of N,N-dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB) as cationic surfactant spectrophotometric determination of Al3+ ion has been carried out. The Beer's law is obeyed over the concentration range of 4-400 ng mL(-1) of Al3+ ion with the detection limits of 0.14 ng mL(-1), while the molar absorptivity of complexes is 1.19x10(5) L mol(-1) cm(-1). The influence of type and amount of surfactant, pH, and amount of ligand on sensitivity of spectrophotometric method were optimized. The method has been successfully applied for Al3+ ion determination in real sample. PMID:17683861

Shokrollahi, A; Ghaedi, M; Niband, M S; Rajabi, H R

2008-03-01

372

Mandibular first molars with disto-lingual roots: review and clinical management.  

PubMed

The purpose of this review was (i) to conduct a literature review on the prevalence and morphologic classification of mandibular first molars with disto-lingual (DL) roots, and (ii) to discuss the clinical approach to diagnosis and root canal treatment of these teeth. A search was carried out on electronic (MEDLINE, PubMed and Cochrane) and hand databases, which covered all publications from 1970 to December 2011. Two reviewers independently assessed the studies and recorded type of study, origin and sample sizes, number of teeth with three roots and type of root canal configuration. Forty-five studies were identified with a total of 19,056 mandibular first molar teeth. The frequency of DL roots was 14.4% and was associated with certain ethnic populations. The most common canal configuration of mesial and distal roots was Vertucci types IV and I, respectively. No significant differences were observed in the prevalence of DL roots according to gender. Variable results related to side were observed as well as a trend in bilateral occurrence. The root length of the DL roots was in general shorter than that of the disto-buccal roots (DB). Most DL roots had a greater angle of curvature and a smaller radius of curvature in a bucco-lingual orientation. The best methods to identify DL roots are a 25° mesial parallax periapical radiograph or cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). A trapezoidal shape access cavity is desirable to locate the orifice of the DL canal. Clinicians should be aware of the variable furcation levels during coronal pre-flaring or post-space preparation to avoid furcal/strip perforations and a weakening of DL roots. PMID:22681628

Abella, F; Patel, S; Durán-Sindreu, F; Mercadé, M; Roig, M

2012-11-01

373

Temperature dependent near-UV molar absorptivities of aliphatic aldehydes and ketones in aqueous solution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Temperature dependent molar absorptivities are reported for acetone, 2-butanone, 2-pentanone, 3-pentanone, acetaldehyde, propionaldehyde, and n-butyraldehyde in aqueous solution. Molar absorptivities are given at eight temperatures in the range 6.5-69.5°C for wavelengths greater than 200 nm, a spectral resolution of 2.0 nm, and a spacing of 2.5 nm. For both ketones and aldehydes a shift to shorter wavelengths of approximately 10 nm is observed in the aqueous phase absorption spectrum relative to that found in the gas phase. For the ketones, there is an increase in the total intensity of the spectrum of approximately 5% over the range of temperatures studied. For the aldehydes a much larger change in the intensity of the absorption spectrum is observed, due to the temperature dependence of the hydration reaction RCHO + H 2O ? RCH(OH) 2; Khyd = [RCH(OH) 2/[RCHO]. The change in the spectral intensity with temperature is used to determine thermodynamic parameters for the hydration reaction, giving the following results (at 25°C): acetaldehyde, Khyd = 1.13 ± 0.06, ? H = -19.7±0.6kJ/mol, ? S= -65.0±2.5J/mol-K; propionaldehyde, Khyd=1.02±0.06, ?H=-20.8±0.8kJ/mol, ? S=-69.6±3.1J/mol-K; n-butyraldehyde, Khyd=0.50±0.05, ?H=-27.0±2.2kJ/mol, ? S= -96.5± 8.2 J/mol-K. The implications of these results for aqueous phase atmospheric chemistry are discussed.

Xu, Huan; Wentworth, Pamela J.; Howell, Noel W.; Joens, Jeffrey A.

1993-07-01

374

Hydrophobic hydration and the anomalous partial molar volumes in ethanol-water mixtures.  

PubMed

The anomalous behavior in the partial molar volumes of ethanol-water mixtures at low concentrations of ethanol is studied using molecular dynamics simulations. Previous work indicates that the striking minimum in the partial molar volume of ethanol VE as a function of ethanol mole fraction XE is determined mainly by water-water interactions. These results were based on simulations that used one water model for the solute-water interactions but two different water models for the water-water interactions. This is confirmed here by using two more water models for the water-water interactions. Furthermore, the previous work indicates that the initial decrease is caused by association of the hydration shells of the hydrocarbon tails, and the minimum occurs at the concentration where all of the hydration shells are touching each other. Thus, the characteristics of the hydration of the tail that cause the decrease and the features of the water models that reproduce this type of hydration are also examined here. The results show that a single-site multipole water model with a charge distribution that mimics the large quadrupole and the p-orbital type electron density out of the molecular plane has "brittle" hydration with hydrogen bonds that break as the tails touch, which reproduces the deep minimum. However, water models with more typical site representations with partial charges lead to flexible hydration that tends to stay intact, which produces a shallow minimum. Thus, brittle hydration may play an essential role in hydrophobic association in water. PMID:25681917

Tan, Ming-Liang; Miller, Benjamin T; Te, Jerez; Cendagorta, Joseph R; Brooks, Bernard R; Ichiye, Toshiko

2015-02-14

375

Patients’ satisfaction and prevalence of complications on surgical extraction of third molar  

PubMed Central

Objectives To study patients’ satisfaction and prevalence of complications in surgical extraction of impacted third molar by senior dentists and recently graduated dentists in a university dental clinic. Method Patients who had impacted third molar extraction in a university dental clinic by two associate dentists who had <2 years of experience and two senior dentists who had >15 years of experience were evaluated in this study. Patients’ age, sex, history of pericoronitis, tooth extracted, and radiographic assessment of the impacted tooth were recorded. Immediately after suture removal, the patients were invited to indicate their satisfaction on a Likert scale of 1–5. Results A total of 546 patients received extraction, and 251 patients were operated by associate dentists. Patient satisfaction was higher among those who had noncomplicated surgery (P=0.007), short treatment time (P<0.001), and had no postsurgical emergency appointments (P<0.001). The prevalence of seeking postsurgical emergency appointments was 9.2%. The reasons were severe pain (4.8%), swelling (2.6%), bleeding (2.4%), alveolar osteitis (0.9%), paresthesia (0.9), and trismus (0.5%). The prevalence of postsurgical complication(s) in associate dentists and senior dentists was 11.6% and 7.1%, respectively (P=0.050). The mean satisfaction scores for associate dentists and senior dentists were 4.17 and 3.95, respectively (P=0.002). Conclusion Although a higher rate of postsurgical complications was observed among the patients treated by the recently graduated dentists, their patients’ satisfaction scores were higher than that of the senior dentists. Around 9% of patients attended postsurgical emergency appointments, and their common reason was severe pain. PMID:25709411

Lee, Crystal TY; Zhang, Shinan; Leung, Yiu Yan; Li, Samantha KY; Tsang, Cissy C; Chu, Chun-Hung

2015-01-01

376

Patterns of morphological variation in enamel-dentin junction and outer enamel surface of human molars.  

PubMed

Tooth crown patterning is governed by the growth and folding of the inner enamel epithelium (IEE) and the following enamel deposition forms outer enamel surface (OES). We hypothesized that overall dental crown shape and covariation structure are determined by processes that configurate shape at the enamel-dentine junction (EDJ), the developmental vestige of IEE. This this hypothesis was tested by comparing patterns of morphological variation between EDJ and OES in human permanent maxillary first molar (UM1) and deciduous second molar (um2). Using geometric morphometric methods, we described morphological variation and covariation between EDJ and OES, and evaluated the strength of two components of phenotypic variability, canalization and morphological integration, in addition to the relevant evolutionary flexibility, i.e. the ability to respond to selective pressure. The strength of covariation between EDJ and OES was greater in um2 than in UM1, and the way that multiple traits covary between EDJ and OES was different between these teeth. The variability analyses showed that EDJ had less shape variation and a higher level of morphological integration than OES, which indicated that canalization and morphological integration acted as developmental constraints. These tendencies were greater in UM1 than in um2. On the other hand, EDJ and OES had a comparable level of evolvability in these teeth. Amelogenesis could play a significant role in tooth shape and covariation structure, and its influence was not constant among teeth, which may be responsible for the differences in the rate and/or period of enamel formation. PMID:24689536

Morita, Wataru; Yano, Wataru; Nagaoka, Tomohito; Abe, Mikiko; Ohshima, Hayato; Nakatsukasa, Masato

2014-06-01

377

On crack growth in molar teeth from contact on the inclined occlusal surface.  

PubMed

Extracted human molar teeth are indented by hard balls laid at the central fossa, sectioned, and their interior examined for damage. Contact on the fissured enamel coat generally occurs on three distinct spots. The main forms of damage are radial cracks growing from the DEJ to the occlusal surface and median radial and cylindrical cracks growing from a contact spot to the DEJ. For large balls failure by edge chipping near a cusp apex may occur. The median cracks tend to run unstably to the DEJ upon reaching the middle part of the enamel coat. The corresponding load, PFM, and the load needed to initiate radial cracks at the DEJ, PFR, are taken to signal crown failure. The mean values of PFM and PFR are on the order of 1000N. A conical bilayer model defined by thickness d, inclination angle ?, failure stress ?F and toughness KC of the enamel coat is developed to assess crown failure. The analytical predictions for PFR and PFM agree well with the tests. The results indicate that enamel thickness is so designed as to ensure that PFR and PFM just exceed the maximum bite force under normal conditions while the choice of ? seems to reflect a compromise between needs to resist crown failure and break hard food particles. Both PFR and PFM are greatly reduced with reducing d, which points to the danger posed by tooth wear. The analytical expressions for PFR and PFM may also apply to other multi-cusp mammalian or prosthetic molar crowns. Cone cracking, suppressed in the anisotropic tooth enamel, may be an important failure mode in prosthetic crowns. PMID:25621848

Chai, Herzl

2015-04-01

378

Dental pulp of the third molar: a new source of pluripotent-like stem cells.  

PubMed

Dental pulp is particularly interesting in regenerative medicine because of the accessibility and differentiation potential of the tissue. Dental pulp has an early developmental origin with multi-lineage differentiation potential as a result of its development during childhood and adolescence. However, no study has previously identified the presence of stem cell populations with embryonic-like phenotypes in human dental pulp from the third molar. In the present work, we describe a new population of dental pulp pluripotent-like stem cells (DPPSCs) that were isolated by culture in medium containing LIF, EGF and PDGF. These cells are SSEA4(+), OCT3/4(+), NANOG(+), SOX2(+), LIN28(+), CD13(+), CD105(+), CD34(-), CD45(-), CD90(+), CD29(+), CD73(+), STRO1(+) and CD146(-), and they show genetic stability in vitro based on genomic analysis with a newly described CGH technique. Interestingly, DPPSCs were able to form both embryoid-body-like structures (EBs) in vitro and teratoma-like structures that contained tissues derived from all three embryonic germ layers when injected in nude mice. We examined the capacity of DPPSCs to differentiate in vitro into tissues that have similar characteristics to mesoderm, endoderm and ectoderm layers in both 2D and 3D cultures. We performed a comparative RT-PCR analysis of GATA4, GATA6, MIXL1, NANOG, OCT3/4, SOX1 and SOX2 to determine the degree of similarity between DPPSCs, EBs and human induced pluripotent stem cells (hIPSCs). Our analysis revealed that DPPSCs, hIPSC and EBs have the same gene expression profile. Because DPPSCs can be derived from healthy human molars from patients of different sexes and ages, they represent an easily accessible source of stem cells, which opens a range of new possibilities for regenerative medicine. PMID:22467856

Atari, Maher; Gil-Recio, Carlos; Fabregat, Marc; García-Fernández, Dani; Barajas, Miguel; Carrasco, Miguel A; Jung, Han-Sung; Alfaro, F Hernández; Casals, Nuria; Prosper, Felipe; Ferrés-Padró, Eduard; Giner, Luis

2012-07-15

379

Strongly Composition-Dependent Partial Molar Compressibility of Water in Silicate Glasses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water and other volatiles have long been known to play a fundamental role in igneous processes, yet their influence on the physical properties of melts are still not well enough understood. Of particular interest is the density contrast between liquid and solid phases, which facilitates melt extraction and migration. Owing to its low molecular weight, dissolved water must decrease magma density, but the way it does so as a function of pressure remains largely to be determined. Studies on quenched melts (glasses) provide useful information because the glass has the same structure as the melt. We measured compressional and shear wave velocities of seven series of hydrous aluminosilicate glasses by Brillouin scattering at room temperature and pressure. The glasses were quenched from high temperature and 2 or 3 kbar pressure. The dry end-members range from highly polymerized albitic and granitic compositions, to depolymerized synthetic analogues of mantle-derived melts. For each set of glasses, the adiabatic shear and bulk moduli have been calculated from the measured sound velocities and densities. These moduli are linear functions of water content up to 5 wt % H2O, the highest concentration investigated, indicating that both are independent of water speciation in all series. For water-free glasses, the bulk modulus decreases from about 65 to 35 GPa with increasing degree of polymerization. Sympathetically, the partial molar bulk modulus of the water component decreases from 114 to 8 GPa, such that dissolved water amplifies the differences in rigidity between the anhydrous glasses. This strong variation indicates that the solubility mechanisms of water depend strongly on silicate composition. Depolymerized liquids are also much less compressible than their polymerized counterparts, suggesting that the partial molar compressibility of dissolved water approaches zero in depolymerized liquids. If this is correct, hydrous mantle melts formed beneath volcanic arcs would be more buoyant at depth than previously thought, facilitating their extraction and rapid ascent.

Whittington, A. G.; Richet, P.; Polian, A.

2010-12-01

380

Multivariate Analysis of Factors Affecting Presence and/or Agenesis of Third Molar Tooth  

PubMed Central

To investigate the presence and/or agenesis of third molar (M3) tooth germs in orthodontics patients in Malaysian Malay and Chinese population and evaluate the relationship between presence and/or agenesis of M3 with different skeletal malocclusion patterns and sagittal maxillomandibular jaw dimensions. Pretreatment records of 300 orthodontic patients (140 males and 160 females, 219 Malaysian Malay and 81 Chinese, average age was 16.27±4.59) were used. Third-molar agenesis was calculated with respect to race, genders, number of missing teeth, jaws, skeletal malocclusion patterns and sagittal maxillomandibular jaw dimensions. The Pearson chi-square test and ANOVA was performed to determine potential differences. Associations between various factors and M3 presence/agenesis groups were assessed using logistic regression analysis. The percentages of subjects with 1 or more M3 agenesis were 30%, 33% and 31% in the Malaysian Malay, Chinese and total population, respectively. Overall prevalence of M3 agenesis in male and female was equal (P>0.05). The frequency of the agenesis of M3s is greater in maxilla as well in the right side (P>0.05). The prevalence of M3 agenesis in those with a Class III and Class II malocclusion was relatively higher in Malaysian Malay and Malaysian Chinese population respectively. Using stepwise regression analyses, significant associations were found between Mx (P<0.05) and ANB (P<0.05) and M3 agenesis. This multivariate analysis suggested that Mx and ANB were significantly correlated with the M3 presence/agenesis. PMID:24967595

Alam, Mohammad Khursheed; Hamza, Muhammad Asyraf; Khafiz, Muhammad Aizuddin; Rahman, Shaifulizan Abdul; Shaari, Ramizu; Hassan, Akram

2014-01-01

381

Clinical performance of Class II adhesive restorations in pulpectomized primary molars: 12-month results.  

PubMed

The purpose of this report was to present the 12-month results of a prospective, randomized study evaluating the clinical and radiographic success rates of Class II adhesive restorations in pulpectomized primary molars. A total of 75 restorations were placed over root canal-treated primary molars, filled with a calcium hydroxide paste. The restorative systems tested were: (1) group 1: amalgam (negative control); (2) group 2: a hybrid resin composite (TPH, Dentsply) with prior acid conditioning and bonding with an etch-and-rinse adhesive (Prime&Bond NT, Dentsply); (3) group 3: a polyacid-modified resin composite (Dyract, Dentsply) bonded with Prime&Bond NT; (4) group 4: Dyract with prior nonrinse conditioner (NRC) treatment and bonding with Prime&Bond NT; and (5) group 5: a polyacid-modified resin composite (F2000) in conjunction with a self-etch adhesive (Prompt-L-Pop, 3M/ESPE). The restorations were evaluated clinically using the modified USPHS/Ryge criteria at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, and 12 months. Radiographic evaluations were made in accordance with predetermined criteria. During the evaluation period, 12 teeth (group1=4, group2=1, group3=4, group4=3, and group5=2) were extracted due to radiographic evidence of failure. There was no difference between groups regarding the clinical evaluation criteria (P>.05) except marginal discoloration at 9 and 12 months (P<.05). The overall success rate at 12 months was 81% (group 1=73%, group 2=93%, group 3=73%, group 4=80%, and group 5=87%). Teeth restored with the resin composite+total-etch/bonding (group 2), followed by those with F2000+self-etch adhesive (group 5) exhibited the highest clinical and radiographic success rates. Radiographic failures observed beneath failed restorations were strongly suggestive of coronal microleakage. PMID:18505646

Zulfikaroglu, Burcu Togay; Atac, Atila Stephan; Cehreli, Zafer C

2008-01-01

382

Lipid Concentration and Molar Ratio Boundaries for the Use of Isotropic Bicelles  

PubMed Central

Bicelles are model membranes generally made of long-chain dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and short-chain dihexanoyl-PC (DHPC). They are extensively used in the study of membrane interactions and structure determination of membrane-associated peptides, since their composition and morphology mimic the widespread PC-rich natural eukaryotic membranes. At low DMPC/DHPC (q) molar ratios, fast-tumbling bicelles are formed in which the DMPC bilayer is stabilized by DHPC molecules in the high-curvature rim region. Experimental constraints imposed by techniques such as circular dichroism, dynamic light scattering, or microscopy may require the use of bicelles at high dilutions. Studies have shown that such conditions induce the formation of small aggregates and alter the lipid-to-detergent ratio of the bicelle assemblies. The objectives of this work were to determine the exact composition of those DMPC/DHPC isotropic bicelles and study the lipid miscibility. This was done using 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and exploring a wide range of lipid concentrations (2–400 mM) and q ratios (0.15–2). Our data demonstrate how dilution modifies the actual DMPC/DHPC molar ratio in the bicelles. Care must be taken for samples with a total lipid concentration ?250 mM and especially at q ? 1.5–2, since moderate dilutions could lead to the formation of large and slow-tumbling lipid structures that could hinder the use of solution NMR methods, circular dichroism or dynamic light scattering studies. Our results, supported by infrared spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations, also show that phospholipids in bicelles are largely segregated only when q > 1. Boundaries are presented within which control of the bicelles’ q ratio is possible. This work, thus, intends to guide the choice of q ratio and total phospholipid concentration when using isotropic bicelles. PMID:24797658

2014-01-01

383

Comparison of Propofol-Remifentanil Versus Propofol-Ketamine Deep Sedation for Third Molar Surgery  

PubMed Central

This study aimed to compare continuous intravenous infusion combinations of propofol-remifentanil and propofol-ketamine for deep sedation for surgical extraction of all 4 third molars. In a prospective, randomized, double-blinded controlled study, participants received 1 of 2 sedative combinations for deep sedation for the surgery. Both groups initially received midazolam 0.03 mg/kg for baseline sedation. The control group then received a combination of propofol-remifentanil in a ratio of 10 mg propofol to 5 ?g of remifentanil per milliliter, and the experimental group received a combination of propofol-ketamine in a ratio of 10 mg of propofol to 2.5 mg of ketamine per milliliter; both were given at an initial propofol infusion rate of 100 ?g/kg/min. Each group received an induction loading bolus of 500 ?g/kg of the assigned propofol combination along with the appropriate continuous infusion combination . Measured outcomes included emergence and recovery times, various sedation parameters, hemodynamic and respiratory stability, patient and surgeon satisfaction, postoperative course, and associated drug costs. Thirty-seven participants were enrolled in the study. Both groups demonstrated similar sedation parameters and hemodynamic and respiratory stability; however, the ketamine group had prolonged emergence (13.6 ± 6.6 versus 7.1 ± 3.7 minutes, P = .0009) and recovery (42.9 ± 18.7 versus 24.7 ± 7.6 minutes, P = .0004) times. The prolonged recovery profile of continuously infused propofol-ketamine may limit its effectiveness as an alternative to propofol-remifentanil for deep sedation for third molar extraction and perhaps other short oral surgical procedures, especially in the ambulatory dental setting. PMID:23050750

Kramer, Kyle J.; Ganzberg, Steven; Prior, Simon; Rashid, Robert G.

2012-01-01

384

Comparative evaluation of Ferric Sulfate, Electrosurgical and Diode Laser on human primary molars pulpotomy: an “in-vivo” study  

PubMed Central

Background and aims: Despite modern advances in the prevention of dental caries and increased understanding of the importance of maintaining the natural primary dentition, many teeth are still lost prematurely. This can lead to malocclusion with aesthetic, phonetic and functional problems that may be transient or permanent. Therefore, maintaining the integrity and health of the oral tissues is the primary objective of pulp treatment. Pulpotomy has remained an acceptable and mainstay treatment in preserving the vitality of primary tooth and prolonging its life till the permanent successor erupts. Various materials and techniques are available for pulpotomy on primary molars; all with some advantages and disadvantages. The present study was carried out on 45 primary molars to evaluate and compare the clinical and radiographic success of diode laser, electrosurgical and ferric sulfate pulpotomy over a period of 9 months. Materials (Subjects) and Methods: The forty five primary molars were randomly and equally divided into three treatment groups which were as follows: Group A: 15 primary molars treated with 15.5% Ferric sulfate Group B: 15 primary molars treated with electrosurgical unit and Group C: 15 primary molars treated with diode laser. All teeth in three categories were followed up clinically and radiographically at 1, 3, 6 and 9 months post treatment and the findings were recorded on the prepared proforma Results: Clinically, 86.6% success rate was found in ferric sulfate group whereas 100% success rate was found in electrosurgical and diode laser groups. Radiographically, 80% success rate was found in all the three groups at the end of 9 months with internal resorption being the most common cause of failure after pulpotomy. Conclusions: Thus, electrosurgery and diode lasers appear to be acceptable alternative to pharmacotherapeutic pulpotomy agents. PMID:24771970

Yadav, P; Indushekar, KR; Saraf, BG; Sheoran, N; Sardana, D

2014-01-01

385

Aripiprazole-Cyclodextrin Binary Systems for Dissolution Enhancement: Effect of Preparation Technique, Cyclodextrin Type and Molar Ratio  

PubMed Central

Objective(s): The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of the natural and the chemically modified form of cyclodextrins namely; ?-cyclodextrin (?-CD) and hydroxypropyl-?-cyclodextrin (HP-?-CD) respectively on the solubility and dissolution rate of aripiprazole; an antipsychotic medication showing poor aqueous solubility. Materials and Methods: Phase solubility of aripiprazole with the studied CDs and the complexation efficiency values (CE) which reflect the solubilizing power of the CDs towards the drug was performed. Solid binary systems of aripiprazole with CDs were prepared by kneading, microwave irradiation and freeze-drying techniques at 1:1 and 1:2 (drug to CD) molar ratios. Drug-CD physical mixtures were also prepared in the same molar ratios for comparison. The dissolution of aripiprazole-binary systems was carried out to select the most appropriate CD type, molar ratio and preparation technique. Results: Phase solubility study indicated formation of higher order complexes and the complexation efficiency values was higher for HP-?-CD compared to ?-CD. Drug dissolution study revealed that aripiprazole dissolution was increased upon increasing the CD molar ratio and, the freeze-drying technique was superior to the other studied methods especially when combined with the HP-?-CD. The cyclodextrin type, preparation technique and molar ratio exhibited statistically significant effect on the drug dissolution at P? 0.05. Conclusion: The freeze-dried system prepared at molar ratio 1:2 (drug: CD) can be considered as efficient tool for enhancing aripiprazole dissolution with the possibility of improving its bioavailability. PMID:24570827

M. Badr-Eldin, Shaimaa; A. Ahmed, Tarek; R Ismail, Hatem

2013-01-01

386

Excess molar volumes of mixtures of hexane + natural oils from 298.15 to 313.15 K  

SciTech Connect

Excess molar volume data for mixtures containing hexane with three edible oils: olive, corn, and pip of grape have been determined from density measurements at various temperatures between 298.15 and 313.15 K using a vibrating tube densimeter. Results have been correlated by the Redlich-Kister equation. Systems showed negative deviations from ideality in the whole composition range.

Gonzalez, C.; Resa, J.M.; Ruiz, A.; Gutierrez, J.I. [Univ. del Pais Vasco, Vitoria (Spain). Dept. of Chemical Engineering] [Univ. del Pais Vasco, Vitoria (Spain). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1997-03-01

387

Early Neolithic pig domestication at Jiahu, Henan Province, China: clues from molar shape analyses using geometric morphometric approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

The zooarchaeology of pig domestication in China is a challenging task due to its wild boar ancestors being widespread throughout Eurasia. However using geometric morphometric approaches on molar tooth (M2), shape and size variations, from modern and Neolithic suids, using Yangshao pigs as a surrogate for the Neolithic domestic form, we have addressed the identification of morphological change during the

T. Cucchi; A. Hulme-Beaman; J. Yuan; K. Dobney

2011-01-01

388

Panoramic radiographs do not accurately detect curvature of or close association with the mandibular canal of mandibular third molar roots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Original ArticleBell GW, Rodgers JM, Grime RJ, Edwards KL, Hahn MR, Dorman ML, et al. The accuracy of dental panoramic tomographs in determining the root morphology of mandibular third molar teeth before surgery. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2003;95(1):119–25.

S. Thomas Deahl

2003-01-01

389

Age estimation using the radiographic visibility of the periodontal ligament in lower third molars in a Portuguese population  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The mineralization of third molars has been used repeatedly as a method of forensic age estimation. However, this procedure is of little use beyond age 18, especially to determinate if an individual is older than 21 years of age; thus, the development of new approaches is essential. The visibility of the periodontal ligament has been suggested for this purpose. The aim of this work was to determine the usefulness of this methodology in a Portuguese population. Study Design: Periodontal ligament visibility was assessed in the lower third molars, using a sample of 487 orthopantomograms, 228 of which belonging to females and 259 to males, from a Portuguese population aged 17 to 31 years. A classification of four stages based on the visual phenomenon of disappearance of the periodontal ligament of fully mineralized third molars was used. For each stage, median, variance, minimal and maximal age were assessed. Results: The relationship between age and stage of periodontal ligament had a statistical significance for both sexes. In this population, stage 3 can be used to state that a male person is over 21 years-old; for females, another marker should be used. Conclusions: This technique can be useful for determining age over 21, particularly in males. Differences between studies are evident, suggesting that specific population standards should be used when applying this technique. Key words:Forensic sciences, forensic odontology, age estimation, third molar, periodontal ligament. PMID:25674324

Sequeira, Catarina-Dourado; Teixeira, Alexandra; Afonso, Américo; Pérez-Mongiovi, Daniel

2014-01-01

390

Cost-Effectiveness of Pit-and-Fissure Sealants on Primary Molars in Medicaid-Enrolled Children  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We compared the incremental cost-effectiveness of 2 primary molar sealant strategies—always seal and never seal—with standard care for Medicaid-enrolled children. Methods. We used Iowa Medicaid claims data (2008–2011), developed a tooth-level Markov model for 10?000 teeth, and compared costs, treatment avoided, and incremental cost per treatment avoided for the 2 sealant strategies with standard care. Results. In 10?000 simulated teeth, standard care cost $214?510, always seal cost $232?141, and never seal cost $186?010. Relative to standard care, always seal reduced the number of restorations to 340 from 2389, whereas never seal increased restorations to 2853. Compared with standard care, always seal cost $8.12 per restoration avoided (95% confidence interval [CI]?=?$4.10, $12.26; P???.001). Compared with never seal, standard care cost $65.62 per restoration avoided (95% CI?=?$52.99, $78.26; P???.001). Conclusions. Relative to standard care, always sealing primary molars is more costly but reduces subsequent dental treatment. Never sealing costs less but leads to more treatment. State Medicaid programs that do not currently reimburse dentists for primary molar sealants should consider reimbursement for primary molar sealant procedures as a population-based strategy to prevent tooth decay and reduce later treatment needs in vulnerable young children. PMID:24432941

van der Goes, David N.; Ney, John P.

2014-01-01

391

Can Learning from Molar and Modular Worked Examples Be Enhanced by Providing Instructional Explanations and Prompting Self-Explanations?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In two experiments we explored how learning from traditional molar worked-out examples--focusing on problem categories and their associated overall solution procedures--as well as from more efficient modular worked-out examples--where intrinsic cognitive load is reduced by breaking down complex solutions into smaller meaningful solution…

Gerjets, Peter; Scheiter, Katharina; Catrambone, Richard

2006-01-01

392

Molar concentration on k2so4 and soil ph estimation of extractable c with chloroform fumigation-extraction  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Methods of determining soil microbial biomass need to be reliable and produce consistent results across soils with a wide range of properties. We investigated the effect of extractant molarity (distilled water and 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, and 0.5 M K2SO4) on the flush of C (i.e., the difference between fum...

393

Determination of Si/Al molar ratios in microporous zeolites using calibration-free laser induced breakdown spectroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, the potential application of a calibration-free laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (CF-LIBS) method for the determination of the silicon-to-aluminum molar ratio in microporous zeolites (with both intermediate and high silica contents) is discussed. Three different zeolite types, i.e., mordenite and zeolites type Y and ZSM-5, were analyzed in this study and were shown to have Si/Al molar ratios in the range between 2.3 and 51.8. Many ionic and neutral atomic spectral lines of silicon and aluminum were detected in the measured LIBS spectra in the spectral range 200-1000 nm, but not all of the observed spectral lines are convenient for a CF-LIBS analysis. To increase the accuracy of the results, only lines with no or low self-absorption probability were selected. A systematic method is proposed to select spectral lines based on three main parameters: the transition probability (Einstein coefficient), the lower level energy of the observed transition and the number density ratio between singly ionized and neutral species (as calculated for Si and Al for the measured electron density and electron temperature). The calculated Si/Al molar ratios were close to that determined by wet chemical analysis with an average relative standard deviation of approximately 5% (maximum less than 15%). Our results point to the possibility of using CF-LIBS for analysis of these types of materials and for determination of Si/Al molar ratios.

Hor?á?ková, M.; Hor?á?ek, M.; Rakovský, J.; Hudec, P.; Veis, P.

2013-10-01

394

Inferior alveolar nerve damage after lower third molar surgical extraction: A prospective study of 1117 surgical extractions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) damage after surgical removal of lower third molars, to identify the causes, and to construct a predictive model to assess the risk of IAN injury. Study Design: We performed a nonrandomized forward prospective study of 946 consecutive outpatients subjected to surgical extraction of 1117

Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón; Leonardo Berini-Aytés; Cosme Gay-Escoda

2001-01-01

395

Third molar surgery—a preliminary report on aspects affecting quality of life in the early postoperative period  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issue of quality of life has largely been neglected within oral surgical practice. A questionnaire was designed to assess the effect of third molar surgery on a number of measures of health care outcome within the first postoperative week, that appeared not to have been previously addressed. These included level of physical discomfort, oral and vocal function, patients' perception

J. Savin; G. R. Ogden

1997-01-01

396

Use of a Laboratory Exercise on Molar Absorptivity to Help Students Understand the Authority of the Primary Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To promote understanding of the authority of the primary literature in students taking our biochemistry laboratory courses, a biochemistry laboratory exercise on the determination of an acceptable molar absorptivity value of 2-nitrophenol (2-NP) was developed. This made the laboratory course much more relevant by linking to a thematic thread,…

Soundararajan, Madhavan; Bailey, Cheryl P.; Markwell, John

2008-01-01

397

Name: Ghanem Question: In patients undergoing third molar surgery, will use of diclofenac sodium, as compared to  

E-print Network

, as compared to ibuprofen, result in better control of postoperative pain? PICO: (patient, intervention, comparison, outcome) P: 18 y/o, third molar surgery I: Use of diclofenac sodium C: ibuprofen O: Control the pain after the surgery Question Type: treatment Search Strategy: Diclofenac sodium AND ibuprofen

Goldman, Steven A.

398

Spectrum of excess partial molar absorptivity. I. Near infrared spectroscopic study of aqueous acetonitrile and acetone.  

PubMed

We study the mixing schemes or the molecular processes occurring in aqueous acetonitrile (ACN) and acetone (ACT) by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR). Both solutions (any other aqueous solutions) are not free from strong and complex intermolecular interactions. To tackle such a many-body problem, we first use the concept of the excess molar absorptivity, epsilonE, which is a function of solute mole fraction in addition to that of wavenumber, nu. The plots of epsilonE calculated from NIR spectra for both aqueous solutions against nu showed two clearly separated bands at 5020 and 5230 cm(-1); the former showed negative and the latter positive peaks. At zero and unity mole fractions of solute, epsilonE is identically zero independent of nu. Similar to the thermodynamic excess functions, both negative and positive bands grow in size from zero to the minimum (or the maximum) and back to zero, as the mole fraction varies from 0 to 1. Since the negative band's nu-locus coincides with the NIR spectrum of ice, and the positive with that of liquid H(2)O, we suggest that on addition of solute the "ice-likeness" decreases and the "liquid-likeness" increases, reminiscent of the two-mixture model for liquid H(2)O. The modes of these variations, however, are qualitatively different between ACN-H(2)O and ACT-H(2)O. The former ACN is known to act as a hydrophobe and ACT as a hydrophile from our previous thermodynamic studies. To see the difference more clearly, we introduced and calculated the excess partial molar absorptivity of ACN and ACT, epsilon(E)(N) and epsilon(E)(T), respectively. The mole fraction dependences of epsilon(E)(N) and epsilon(E)(T) show qualitatively different behavior and are consistent with the detailed mixing schemes elucidated by our earlier differential thermodynamic studies. Furthermore, we found in the H(2)O-rich region that the effect of hydrophobic ACN is acted on the negative band at 5020 cm(-1), while that of hydrophilic ACT is on the positive high-energy band. Thus, the present method of analysis adds more detailed insight into the difference between a hydrophobe and a hydrophile in their effects on H(2)O. PMID:19678652

Koga, Yoshikata; Sebe, Fumie; Minami, Takamasa; Otake, Keiko; Saitow, Ken-ichi; Nishikawa, Keiko

2009-09-01

399

The relation of pericoronal third molar follicle dimension and bcl-2/ki-67 expression: An immunohistochemical study  

PubMed Central

Background: Most common impacted teeth are the mandibular third molars and decision about extraction of them is usually controversial. The presence of pericoronal pathologic changes is an acceptable reason for removal of impacted teeth. Differences in the proliferation rate and apoptosis of odontogenic epithelial cells may influence on the formation of odontogenic epithelial lesions. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to evaluate the immunohistochemical expression of the bcl-2 apoptosis-inhibiting protein and the cell-cycle-related ki-67 antigen in pericoronal follicle of impacted third molars with ?2.5 mm and <2.5 mm radiolucency. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that 20 follicles with <2.5 mm radiolucency and 20 follicles with ?2.5 mm radiolucency were selected by a professional radiologist in digital panoramic radiographs and then referred to a surgeon. Formalin fixed paraffin-embedded tissues were immunohistochemical analyzed for immunoreactivity of bcl-2 protein and ki-67 antigen. The data was analyzed using logistic regression, Spearman correlation coefficient and t-test and Mann-Whitney. P<0.05 was considered significant. Results: The findings showed correlation between size of the third molar's follicles and expression of bcl-2 protein (P < 0.001, r = 0.556) but there was no correlation between size of third molar's follicles and staining with ki-67 antigen (P = 0.546, r = 0.098). The follicles with radiolucency ?2.5 mm showed increased immunoreactivity for bcl-2 protein. Conclusion: The results of study suggest that impacted third molars with radiolucency ?2.5 mm may be associated with deregulation of cell death, indicated with increased expression of the anti- apoptotic protein bcl-2, while cell proliferation (ki-67) does not seem to play a significant role. PMID:23814558

Razavi, Seyed Mohammad; Hasheminia, Daryush; Mehdizade, Mojde; Movahedian, Bijan; Keshani, Forouz

2012-01-01

400

The determination of GC-MS relative molar responses of some n-alkanes and their halogenated analogs.  

PubMed

The dependence of relative response factors on the carbon atom number related to naphthalene has been investigated in homologous series by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Relative responses of some straight chain aliphatic n-alkanes and their halogenated derivatives (chlorine, bromine and iodine) were compared in the experiments. Linear correlations were found between the molecular structures; i.e., the carbon atom number and relative molar response in current homologous series. In conclusion, mass spectrometric detection combined with gas chromatography was less sensitive to n-alkanes than to their derivatives containing a chlorine, bromine or iodine atom. After n-alkanes, mass spectrometric responses increase in the order of 1-chloroalkanes, 1-bromoalkanes and 1-iodoalkanes. These results are in accordance with electron ionization cross section data for n-alkyl-derivatives. The relative molar responses of the individual CH(2) groups are between 0.171 and 0.178 in the homologous series. The increments of chlorine, bromine and iodine atoms to the relative molar responses are 0.081, 0.141 and 0.492, respectively. Based on these results, the addivity rule is valid for both halogen atoms and CH(2) groups in the case of mono-substituted n-haloalkanes. The results of this study show a significant departure from the additivity rule in the case of polyhalogenated alkanes and alkenes. However, the relative molar response can be calculated by means of simultaneously measuring other compounds. Further study is needed about how to influence the relative molar responses as a function of various experimental parameters. PMID:22781184

Göröcs, Noémi; Mudri, Dénes; Mátyási, Judit; Balla, József

2013-02-01

401

Corneal Stromal Cell Growth on Gelatin/Chondroitin Sulfate Scaffolds Modified at Different NHS/EDC Molar Ratios.  

PubMed

A nanoscale modification strategy that can incorporate chondroitin sulfate (CS) into the cross-linked porous gelatin materials has previously been proposed to give superior performance for designed corneal keratocyte scaffolds. The purpose of this work was to further investigate the influence of carbodiimide chemistry on the characteristics and biofunctionalities of gelatin/CS scaffolds treated with varying N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS)/1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyl aminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) molar ratios (0-1) at a constant EDC concentration of 10 mM. Results of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and dimethylmethylene blue assays consistently indicated that when the NHS to EDC molar ratio exceeds a critical level (i.e., 0.5), the efficiency of carbodiimide-mediated biomaterial modification is significantly reduced. With the optimum NHS/EDC molar ratio of 0.5, chemical treatment could achieve relatively high CS content in the gelatin scaffolds, thereby enhancing the water content, glucose permeation, and fibronectin adsorption. Live/Dead assays and interleukin-6 mRNA expression analyses demonstrated that all the test samples have good cytocompatibility without causing toxicity and inflammation. In the molar ratio range of NHS to EDC from 0 to 0.5, the cell adhesion ratio and proliferation activity on the chemically modified samples significantly increased, which is attributed to the increasing CS content. Additionally, the materials with highest CS content (0.143 ± 0.007 nmol/10 mg scaffold) showed the greatest stimulatory effect on the biosynthetic activity of cultivated keratocytes. These findings suggest that a positive correlation is noticed between the NHS to EDC molar ratio and the CS content in the biopolymer matrices, thereby greatly affecting the corneal stromal cell growth. PMID:23337203

Lai, Jui-Yang

2013-01-01

402

Molar gas ratios of air entrapped in ice: A new tool to determine the origin of relict massive ground ice bodies in permafrost  

Microsoft Academic Search

The molar ratios of atmospheric gases change during dissolution in water due to differences in their relative solubilities. We exploited this characteristic to develop a tool to clarify the origin of ice formations in permafrost regions. Extracted from ice, molar gas ratios can distinguish buried glacier ice from intrasedimental ground ice formed by freezing groundwaters. An extraction line was built

Raphaelle Cardyn; Ian D. Clark; Denis Lacelle; Bernard Lauriol; Christian Zdanowicz; Fabrice Calmels

2007-01-01

403

Why Is the Partial Molar Volume of CO2 So Small When Dissolved in a Room Temperature Ionic Liquid? Structure and  

E-print Network

Why Is the Partial Molar Volume of CO2 So Small When Dissolved in a Room Temperature Ionic Liquid is dissolved in an ionic liquid, its partial molar volume is much smaller than that observed in most other and dynamics occurring across the boundary of the CO2 ionic liquid interface. We find that the liquid structure

Berne, Bruce J.

404

Single C-shaped canal in mandibular first molar: A case report  

PubMed Central

The variability of root canal system morphology presents a continuous challenge to endodontic diagnosis and therapeutics. There have been reports of teeth with multiple roots and canals as also those with lesser number of root and root canals. Variations of root canal systems need not always be in the form of extra canals. Clinicians should be aware that there is a possibility of existence of fewer numbers of roots and root canals than normal, which presents varied canal anatomy and poses a challenge to the clinician's expertise. This case report deals with the management of an unusual case of C-shaped canal in mandibular molar with two buccally fused roots. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) was employed to confirm the extension of the unusual anatomy. The Self Adjusting File (SAF) system was used to ensure complete cleaning of the canal system. One-year follow-up of the case showed good healing. The clinician should expect to encounter unusual features when performing endodontic treatment. Use of diagnostic aids like CBCT, improved magnification with dental operating microscope, and the use of novel file systems like SAF ensure success.

Raghavendra, Srinidhi Surya; Napte, Bandu D.; Desai, Niranjan N.; Hindlekar, Ajit N.

2015-01-01

405

Endodontic treatment of mandibular molar with root dilaceration using Reciproc single-file system.  

PubMed

Biomechanical preparation of root canals with accentuated curvature is challenging. New rotatory systems, such as Reciproc, require a shorter period of time to prepare curved canals, and became a viable alternative for endodontic treatment of teeth with root dilaceration. Thus, this study aimed to report a clinical case of endodontic therapy of root with accentuated dilaceration using Reciproc single-file system. Mandibular right second molar was diagnosed as asymptomatic irreversible pulpitis. Pulp chamber access was performed, and glide path was created with #10 K-file (Dentsply Maillefer) and PathFile #13, #16 and #19 (Dentsply Maillefer) up to the temporary working length. The working length measured corresponded to 20 mm in the mesio-buccal and mesio-lingual canals, and 22 mm in the distal canal. The R25 file (VDW GmbH) was used in all the canals for instrumentation and final preparation, followed by filling with Reciproc gutta-percha cones (VDW GmbH) and AH Plus sealer (Dentsply Maillefer), using thermal compaction technique. The case has been receiving follow-up for 6 mon and no painful symptomatology or periapical lesions have been found. Despite the difficulties, the treatment could be performed in a shorter period of time than the conventional methods. PMID:24010084

Meireles, Daniely Amorin; Bastos, Mariana Mena Barreto; Marques, André Augusto Franco; Garcia, Lucas da Fonseca Roberti; Sponchiado, Emílio Carlos

2013-08-01

406

Genes Expressed in Dental Enamel Development Are Associated with Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization  

PubMed Central

Genetic disturbances during dental development influence variation of number and shape of the dentition. In this study, we tested if genetic variation in enamel formation genes is associated with molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH), also taking into consideration caries experience. DNA samples from 163 cases with MIH and 82 unaffected controls from Turkey, and 71 cases with MIH and 89 unaffected controls from Brazil were studied. Eleven markers in five genes [ameloblastin (AMBN), amelogenin (AMELX), enamelin (ENAM), tuftelin (TUFT1), and tuftelin-interacting protein 11 (TFIP11)] were genotyped by the TaqMan method. Chi-square was used to compare allele and genotype frequencies between cases with MIH and controls. In the Brazilian data, distinct caries experience within the MIH group was also tested for association with genetic variation in enamel formation genes. The ENAM rs3796704 marker was associated with MIH in both populations (Brazil: p=0.03; OR=0.28; 95% C.I.=0.06–1.0; Turkey: p=1.22e–012; OR=17.36; 95% C.I.=5.98–56.78). Associations between TFIP11 (p=0.02), ENAM (p=0.00001), and AMELX (p=0.01) could be seen with caries independent of having MIH or genomic DNA copies of Streptococcus mutans detected by real time PCR in the Brazilian sample. Several genes involved in enamel formation appear to contribute to MIH. PMID:23790503

Jeremias, Fabiano; Koruyucu, Mine; Küchler, Erika C.; Bayram, Merve; Tuna, Elif B.; Deeley, Kathleen; Pierri, Ricardo A.; Souza, Juliana F.; Fragelli, Camila M.B.; Paschoal, Marco A.B.; Gencay, Koray; Seymen, Figen; Caminaga, Raquel M.S.; dos Santos-Pinto, Lourdes; Vieira, Alexandre R.

2013-01-01

407

Evolutionary novelties and losses in geometric morphometrics: a practical approach through hominin molar morphology.  

PubMed

Geometric morphometric techniques may offer a promising methodological approach to analyze evolutionary novelties in a quantitative framework. Nevertheless, and despite continuous improvements to this methodology, the inclusion of novel features in these studies presents some difficulties. In the present study, different methods to explicitly include novel traits in geometric morphometric analyses are compared, including homology-free approaches, landmark-based approaches, and combinations of both techniques. The two-dimensional occlusal morphology of the lower second molar in multiple hominin species was chosen to evaluate these methods, as an example of an anatomical structure including one novelty: a distal fifth cusp is present in earlier hominins, and notably absent in many later Homo species. Results reveal that different approaches provide different results, highlighting that the design of the conformations of landmarks has a high impact on the inferred conclusions. Among diverse methods, a combined approach including landmarks, sliding semilandmarks, and only one landmark related to the studied novelty (an indicator of its absence or presence and of its size, when present), was able to directly discern structures with and without the novel feature, circumventing some of the methodological difficulties associated with these traits. This study demonstrates the ability of geometric morphometric techniques to investigate evolutionary novelties and explores the implications of different methods, providing a reference context for future studies. PMID:21644962

Gómez-Robles, Aida; Olejniczak, Anthony J; Martinón-Torres, María; Prado-Simón, Leyre; Bermúdez de Castro, José María

2011-06-01

408

Relationship between cusp size and occlusal wear pattern in Neanderthal and Homo sapiens first maxillary molars.  

PubMed

Tooth wear studies in mammals have highlighted the relationship between wear facets (attritional areas produced during occlusion by the contact between opposing teeth) and physical properties of the ingested food. However, little is known about the influence of tooth morphology on the formation of occlusal wear facets. We analyzed the occlusal wear patterns of first maxillary molars (M(1) s) in Neanderthals, early Homo sapiens, and contemporary modern humans. We applied a virtual method to analyze wear facets on the crown surface of three-dimensional digital models. Absolute and relative wear facet areas are compared with cusp area and cusp height. Although the development of wear facets partially follows the cusp pattern, the results obtained from the between-group comparisons do not reflect the cusp size differences characterizing these groups. In particular, the wear facets developed along the slopes of the most discriminate cusp between Neanderthals and Homo sapiens (hypocone) do not display any significant difference. Moreover, no correlations have been found between cusp size and wear facet areas (with the exception of the modern sample) and between cusp height and wear facet areas. Our results suggest that cusp size is only weakly related to the formation of the occlusal wear facets. Other factors, such as, diet, food processing, environmental abrasiveness, and nondietary habits are probably more important for the development and enlargement of wear facets, corroborating the hypotheses suggested from previous dental wear studies. PMID:21337711

Fiorenza, Luca; Benazzi, Stefano; Viola, Bence; Kullmer, Ottmar; Schrenk, Friedemann

2011-03-01

409

Sequential expressions of Notch1, Jagged2 and Math1 in molar tooth germ of mouse.  

PubMed

The Notch signaling pathway is an evolutionary conserved mechanism that plays an important role in cell-cell communication and cell fate in a wide range of tissues. The mammalian family of Notch receptors consists of 4 members: Notch1/2/3/4. The Notch ligand family consists of 5 members: Delta1/3/4 and Jagged1/2. Math1 encodes a murine basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor that acts as positive regulator of cell differentiation. Recently, links between Notch and Math1 pathways were demonstrated in various tissues. Expression of Notch1, Jagged2 and Math1 were analyzed in the mouse molar tooth germ during embryonic stage (E) 13 and E15 and during postnatal stage (PN) 1, PN3, PN5, PN10 and PN14 by using in situ hybridization. Positive Notch1 expression was found at the tooth bud during embryonic stages, but its expression was absent from the basal cells in contact with the dental mesenchyme. Jagged2 and Math1 were strongly expressed in differentiated ameloblasts and odontoblasts and Math1 strong expression was even maintained until PN14 stage. Math1 showed the strongest expression. Our results suggest that the Notch1 signaling pathway through Jagged2 could be importantly related to Math1, directing the process of odontogenesis toward cell differentiation. PMID:19181188

Borkosky, Silvia S; Nagatsuka, Hitoshi; Orita, Yorihisa; Tsujigiwa, Hidetsugu; Yoshinobu, Junko; Gunduz, Mehmet; Rodriguez, Andrea P; Missana, Liliana R; Nishizaki, Kazunori; Nagai, Noriyuki

2008-12-01

410

BrO/SO2 molar ratios from scanning DOAS measurements in the NOVAC network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The molar ratio of BrO to SO2 is, like other halogen/sulfur ratios, a possible precursor for dynamic changes in the shallow part of a volcanic system. While the predictive significance of the BrO/SO2 ratio has not been well constrained yet, it has the major advantage that this ratio can be readily measured using the remote-sensing technique differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS) in the UV. While BrO/SO2 ratios have been measured during several short-term field campaigns, this article presents an algorithm that can be used to obtain long-term time series of BrO/SO2 ratios from the scanning DOAS instruments of the Network for Observation of Volcanic and Atmospheric Change (NOVAC) or comparable networks. Parameters of the DOAS retrieval of both trace gases are given. The influence of co-adding spectra on the retrieval error and influences of radiative transfer will be investigated. Difficulties in the evaluation of spectroscopic data from monitoring instruments in volcanic environments and possible solutions are discussed. The new algorithm is demonstrated by evaluating data from the NOVAC scanning DOAS systems at Nevado del Ruiz, Colombia, encompassing almost 4 years of measurements between November 2009 and end of June 2013. This data set shows variations of the BrO/SO2 ratio several weeks prior to the eruption on 30 June 2012.

Lübcke, P.; Bobrowski, N.; Arellano, S.; Galle, B.; Garzón, G.; Vogel, L.; Platt, U.

2014-06-01

411

The localization of epithelial root sheath cells during cementum formation in rat molars.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the distribution of epithelial cells and the fate of the basement membrane along the root surface of rat molars during cementogenesis, and to test the hypothesis that the Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS) cells remain on the root surface if mineralization is inhibited. To demonstrate the HERS cells and basement membrane, immunohistochemistry with antibodies against keratin and laminin were used. The dentin matrix mineralization was inhibited by a single injection of 1-hydroxyethylidene-1, 1-bisphosphonate (HEBP). A modified Gomori staining method was used to monitor the inhibition of mineral formation in dentin and cementum. Paraffin sections were stained with haematoxylin-eosin, and freeze-dried sections were used for Gomori and immunohistochemical stainings. We found that the formation of acellular cementum was suppressed above the dentin with inhibited mineralization. Instead, a hyperplastic matrix, different from acellular cementum, covered the dentin. This hyperplastic cementum had keratin- and laminin-positive cells incorporated; such cells were never incorporated in normal acellular cementum. The later formation of cellular cementum correlated, in controls, with the disappearance of HERS cells from the root surface. Treatment with HEBP resulted in a persistent presence of epithelial cells, interpreted as an inhibition of their disappearance. In conclusion, there is evidence that the cells of HERS are involved in the development of both acellular and cellular cementum. The developmental processes of these tissues appear in some way to be influenced by or associated with the initial mineralization of the dentin. PMID:8884637

Alatli, I; Lundmark, C; Hammarström, L

1996-08-01

412

Efficacy of anti-inflammatory drugs in third molar surgery: a randomized clinical trial.  

PubMed

This was a double-blind randomized clinical trial to assess the effect of different pharmacological regimens on the level of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in urine and saliva, and to correlate the findings to the clinical course after removal of impacted lower third molars. Eighty patients were randomly divided into four groups: group 1 received placebo; group 2 received preoperative ibuprofen, which was continued for a week; group 3 received intraoperative dexamethasone; and group 4 received preoperative ibuprofen, which was continued for a week, in addition to intraoperative dexamethasone. Saliva and urine samples were taken at scheduled intervals. Patients receiving ibuprofen fared significantly better in most parameters. A single dose of dexamethasone alone had a potent but transient beneficial effect when compared to the results with ibuprofen, which showed significant improvement in both subjective and objective parameters. Use of a single dose of intravenous steroids perioperatively helped reduce untoward sequelae, although to a lesser degree and for a shorter duration than continuous ibuprofen. Combining ibuprofen with perioperative dexamethasone added some benefit in some of the measured parameters, but without a statistically significant advantage over using ibuprofen only. PMID:23535007

Mehra, P; Reebye, U; Nadershah, M; Cottrell, D

2013-07-01

413

Coupled Nanomechanical and Raman Microspectroscopic Investigation of Human Third Molar DEJ.  

PubMed

The dentino-enamel junction (DEJ) connects enamel, that covers the outer surface of a tooth, to a thicker underlying dentin. The DEJ is a critical interface that permits joining these materials that have widely dissimilar mechanical properties. AFM-based nanoindentation and Raman microspectroscopy were used to define the width and composition of human molar DEJ. Indentation elastic modulus and hardness of enamel, dentin, and DEJ were determined along lines of indents made at 2??m intervals across the DEJ. Indents made at maximum loads at each end of the indent lines were used to make visible markers allowing Raman microspectroscopy at 1??m intervals across the DEJ, while using the nanoindent markers for orientation and location. Functional DEJ width estimates were made based on results from nanoindentation and Raman microspectroscopy. DEJ width estimates ranged from 4.7 (±1.2) ?m to 6.1 (±1.9) ?m based on hardness and 4.9 (±1.1) ?m to 6.9 (±1.9) ?m based on modulus. DEJ width based on Raman peak intensity variations were 8.0 (±3.2) ?m to 8.5 (±3.1) ?m based on the phosphate peak, and 7.6 (±3.2) ?m to 8.0 (±2.6) ?m for C-H stretching mode. These estimates are in the range of DEJ width estimates reported using nanoindentation. PMID:20948572

Gallagher, R R; Balooch, M; Balooch, G; Wilson, R S; Marshall, S J; Marshall, G W

2010-01-01

414

Coupled Nanomechanical and Raman Microspectroscopic Investigation of Human Third Molar DEJ  

PubMed Central

The dentino-enamel junction (DEJ) connects enamel, that covers the outer surface of a tooth, to a thicker underlying dentin. The DEJ is a critical interface that permits joining these materials that have widely dissimilar mechanical properties. AFM-based nanoindentation and Raman microspectroscopy were used to define the width and composition of human molar DEJ. Indentation elastic modulus and hardness of enamel, dentin, and DEJ were determined along lines of indents made at 2??m intervals across the DEJ. Indents made at maximum loads at each end of the indent lines were used to make visible markers allowing Raman microspectroscopy at 1??m intervals across the DEJ, while using the nanoindent markers for orientation and location. Functional DEJ width estimates were made based on results from nanoindentation and Raman microspectroscopy. DEJ width estimates ranged from 4.7 (±1.2) ?m to 6.1 (±1.9) ?m based on hardness and 4.9 (±1.1) ?m to 6.9 (±1.9) ?m based on modulus. DEJ width based on Raman peak intensity variations were 8.0 (±3.2) ?m to 8.5 (±3.1) ?m based on the phosphate peak, and 7.6 (±3.2) ?m to 8.0 (±2.6) ?m for C–H stretching mode. These estimates are in the range of DEJ width estimates reported using nanoindentation. PMID:20948572

Gallagher, R. R.; Balooch, M.; Balooch, G.; Wilson, R. S.; Marshall, S. J.; Marshall, G. W.

2010-01-01

415

Hertwig's epithelial root sheath cells do not transform into cementoblasts in rat molar cementogenesis.  

PubMed

It is generally accepted that cementoblasts originate in the process of differentiation of the mesenchymal cells of the dental follicle. Recently, a different hypothesis for the origin of cementoblasts has been proposed. Hertwig's epithelial root sheath cells undergo the epithelial-mesenchymal transformation to differentiate into cementoblasts. To elucidate whether the epithelial-mesenchymal transformation occurs in the epithelial sheath, developing rat molars were examined by keratin-vimentin and Runx2 (runt-related transcription factor 2)-keratin double immunostaining. In both acellular and cellular cementogenesis, epithelial sheath and epithelial cells derived from the epithelial sheath expressed keratin, but did not express vimentin or Runx2. Dental follicle cells and cementoblasts, however, expressed vimentin and Runx2, but did not express keratin. No cells showed coexisting keratin-vimentin or Runx2-keratin staining. These findings suggest that there is no intermediate phenotype transforming epithelial to mesenchymal cells, and that epithelial sheath cells do not generate mineralized tissue. This study concludes that the epithelial-mesenchymal transformation does not occur in Hertwig's epithelial root sheath in rat acellular or cellular cementogenesis and that the dental follicle is the origin of cementoblasts, as has been proposed in the original hypothesis. PMID:19716687

Yamamoto, Tsuneyuki; Takahashi, Shigeru

2009-12-01

416

Surface ultrastructure of rat molar teeth after experimentally induced erosion and attrition.  

PubMed

Young Osborne-Mendel rats were given different diets for 6 weeks. Effects of soft and rough food as well as acidic sport drink on the lingual surfaces of first mandibular molars were studied. In addition, the effect of fluoride on erosion was examined. A Jeol JSM-35 scanning electron microscope was used to visualize tooth surface ultrastructure. Intact surfaces were found in the rats given soft food and distilled water. Sport drink (pH 3.2) caused severe erosion with total loss of supragingival enamel and exposure of dentin. Attrition effects were seen on the cuspal parts of the surface when rough food was given. Tooth tissue loss was greatest in the rats given rough food and sport drink; signs of both erosion and attrition could be seen. When fluoride was added to the sport drink erosion lesions were less severe and if dentin was exposed, the dentinal tubules were partly occluded. These SEM observations support earlier studies which have suggested that erosion may alter tooth surface so that it is more susceptible to attrition; in those lesions, however, clinical diagnosis of the initial causes may be difficult. PMID:8833142

Sorvari, R; Pelttari, A; Meurman, J H

1996-01-01

417

Effective molarity redux: Proximity as a guiding force in chemistry and biology  

PubMed Central

The cell interior is a complex and demanding environment. An incredible variety of molecules jockey to identify the correct position–the specific interactions that promote biology that are hidden among countless unproductive options. Ensuring that the business of the cell is successful requires sophisticated mechanisms to impose temporal and spatial specificity–both on transient interactions and their eventual outcomes. Two strategies employed to regulate macromolecular interactions in a cellular context are co-localization and compartmentalization. Macromolecular interactions can be promoted and specified by localizing the partners within the same subcellular compartment, or by holding them in proximity through covalent or non-covalent interactions with proteins, lipids, or DNA– themes that are familiar to any biologist. The net result of these strategies is an increase in effective molarity: the local concentration of a reactive molecule near its reaction partners. We will focus on this general mechanism, employed by Nature and adapted in the lab, which allows delicate control in complex environments: the power of proximity to accelerate, guide, or otherwise influence the reactivity of signaling proteins and the information that they encode. PMID:25418998

Hobert, Elissa M.; Doerner, Amy E.; Walker, Allison S.; Schepartz, Alanna

2014-01-01

418

Oxygen reduction of several gold alloys in 1-molar potassium hydroxide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With rotated disk-and-ring equipment, polarograms and other electrochemical measurements were made of oxygen reduction in 1-molar potassium hydroxide on an equiatomic gold-copper (Au-Cu) alloy and a Au-Cu alloy doped with either indium (In) or cobalt (Co) and on Au doped with either nickel (Ni) or platinum (Pt). The results were compared with those for pure Au and pure Pt. The two-electron reaction dominated on all Au alloys as it did on Au. The polarographic results at lower polarization potentials were compared, assuming exclusively a two-step reduction. A qualified ranking of cathodic electrocatalytic activity on the freshly polished reduced disks was indicated: anodized Au Au-Cu-In Au-Cu Au-Cu-Co is equivalent or equal to Au-Pt Au-Ni. Aging in distilled water improved the electrocatalytic efficiency of Au-Cu-Co, Au-Cu, and (to a lesser extent) Au-Cu-In.

Miller, R. O.

1975-01-01

419

Indirect pulp therapy in a symptomatic mature molar using calcium enriched mixture cement  

PubMed Central

Dental pulp has the ability of repair/regeneration. Indirect pulp therapy (IPT) is recommended for pulp preservation in asymptomatic teeth with extremely deep caries as well as teeth with clinical symptoms of reversible pulpitis. In this case study, we performed IPT with calcium enriched mixture (CEM) cement on a symptomatic permanent molar. After clinical/radiographic examinations the tooth was diagnosed with irreversible pulpitis and associated apical periodontitis. IPT involved partial caries removal, the placement of CEM cement pulp cap and overlying adhesive permanent restoration. At the 1 week follow-up, patient's spontaneous symptoms had resolved. One-year follow-up demonstrated pulp vitality, clinical function, as well as the absence of pain/tenderness to percussion/palpation/cold sensitivity tests; periapical radiograph showed a healing periradicular lesion with newly formed bone, that is normal pulp with normal periodontium. These favorable results indicate that IPT/CEM may be a good treatment option in comparison to endodontic treatment in young patients. IPT of deep-caries lesion is an easier, more practical and valuable treatment plan than complete caries removal. PMID:23349584

Torabzadeh, Hassan; Asgary, Saeed

2013-01-01

420

The nail as a noninvasive indicator of methylmercury exposures and mercury/selenium molar ratios in brain, kidney, and livers of Long-Evans rats.  

PubMed

Animal studies indicate that the toxic effects of methylmercury (MeHg) exposures increase when selenium (Se) status is low. Toxicity is directly proportional to Hg/Se molar ratios in critical tissues such as brain and increase dramatically as molar ratios exceed 1:1. In this study, we examined the nail as a biomonitor of Hg/Se molar ratios in kidney, liver, and brain tissues of weanling male Long-Evans rats fed controlled diets containing varying amounts of Se and MeHg. Linear regression analyses indicate that the natural log transform of the Hg/Se ratio in the nails is strongly related to the Hg/Se molar ratio in kidney, liver, and brain (p?molar ratio in tissues and should, therefore, be considered for use in human studies. PMID:21476009

Brockman, John Douglas; Raymond, Laura Jean; Ralston, Carla Rae; Robertson, J David; Bodkin, Nicole; Sharp, Nicholas; Ralston, Nicholas V C

2011-12-01

421

Zn-Al layered double hydroxide prepared at different molar ratios: Preparation, characterization, optical and dielectric properties  

SciTech Connect

The co-precipitation method was used to prepare Zn-Al-NO{sub 3}-LDH at different Zn{sup 2+}/Al{sup 3+} molar ratios (2, 3, 4, 5 and 6) and pH value of 7.5. The structure, textural, composition and morphological properties were investigated using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscope (SEM), respectively. The crystallinity of LDH samples were found to improve as molar ratio decreased which is attributed to the distortion of the hydroxide layers networks of the LDH crystal by the larger difference in ionic radii of Zn{sup 2+} and Al{sup 3+}. The optical band gap energy of LDH samples were evaluated using absorbance data from UV-Vis-NIR Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Band gaps were affected by the variation of the Zn{sup 2+}/Al{sup 3+} molar ratio is due to the formation of the low crystalline phases (ZnO and ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}). The water molecules and anionic NO{sub 3}{sup -} in the LDH interlayer were responsible for the generation of the dielectric response. This response can be described by an anomalous low frequency dispersion using the second type of Universal Power Law. The dominance of ZnO dipoles and charge carriers (NO{sub 3}{sup -} ions) in the dielectric relaxation increases with the increasing molar ratio. - Graphical abstract: (a) Schematic diagram of Zn-Al- NO{sub 3}-LDH shows the LDH structure, (b) Kubelka-Munk transformed reflectance spectra and c. The dielectric constant versus frequency of Zn-Al- NO{sub 3}-LDH samples. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Zn-Al-NO{sub 3}-LDH was prepared at different Zn{sup 2+}/Al{sup 3+} molar ratios (2, 3, 4, 5 and 6). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The crystallinity of LDH phase decreased with increase of Zn{sup 2+}/Al{sup 3+} molar ratio. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The optical band gaps of LDH samples have been measured. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Dielectric response of LDH can be described by anomalous low frequency dispersion.

Ahmed, Abdullah Ahmed Ali [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor (Malaysia); Talib, Zainal Abidin, E-mail: zainalat@science.upm.edu.my [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor (Malaysia); Zobir bin Hussein, Mohd [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor (Malaysia); Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology (ITMA), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor (Malaysia); Zakaria, Azmi [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor (Malaysia); Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology (ITMA), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor (Malaysia)

2012-07-15

422

The partial molar sound speed of TiO2 in sodium silicate melts: Evidence for an exceptionally compressible component  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Longitudinal acoustic velocities were measured at one bar by an ultrasonic frequency sweep acoustic interferometer for ten Na2O-TiO2-SiO2 (NTS) liquids for which previous density and thermal expansion measurements were made (Liu and Lange, 2001). This previous study showed that the partial molar volume of the TiO2 component varied systematically with composition and reflected changes in the average coordination of Ti4+ from values of ~4.6 to ~5.4. Sound speed data were collected at frequencies of 4.5, 5, and 6 MHz between 1233 and 1896 K; in all cases, the sound speeds decrease with increasing temperature. Six of the liquids share a similar (~25 mol%) TiO2 concentration, so that the effect of varying Na:Si ratio on the partial molar sound speed of the TiO2 component can be evaluated. The results for these ten NTS liquids were combined with sound speed data on Na2O-SiO2 liquids from the literature to derive the partial molar sound speed of the TiO2 component in these liquids. The results show that, at 1573 K, it is inversely correlated with SiO2 concentration, from values as low as 571±56 m/s to those as high as 1235±54 m/s, a variation of more than 100%. Fitted values for the partial molar sound speeds of the SiO2 and Na2O components at 1573 K are constants at 2538±52 and 2713±52 m/s, respectively. When the sound speed data are combined with density data to calculate melt compressibility, the results show that the TiO2 component is 3-15 more compressible than either the Na2O or SiO2 component. The partial molar compressibility of the TiO2 component is also strongly correlated to its partial molar thermal expansivity. It is shown that the TiO2 component is most compressible and most expansive when the average Ti4+ coordination in these sodium silicate liquids is near five, which strongly suggests that the abundance of five-coordinated Ti4+ enhances topological mechanisms of both compression and thermal expansion.

Liu, Q.; Ai, Y.; Lange, R. A.

2005-12-01

423

Relationship between hydroperoxide concentration and average molar mass in thermo-oxidized polyethylene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this research project is to investigate the oxidation mechanism of high density polyethylene (HDPE) used in outdoor applications, in order to establish in a near future, a non-empirical kinetic model for lifetime prediction. The present paper focuses on the changes in the hydroperoxide (POOH) concentration induced by thermo-oxidative ageing, and on their relationship with the evolution of the weight average molar mass (Mw) due both to chain scission and crosslinking processes. Thin HDPE films were aged at 110 and 140°C in air under atmospheric pressure. In a first part, changes in the POOH concentration versus ageing time were assessed by three different analytical methods previously reported in the literature: modulated differential scattering calorimetry (MDSC), Fourier transform Infra-Red spectrometry after chemical derivatization treatment with gaseous sulfur dioxide (SO2-FTIR), and iodometry. A comparison of experimental results revealed that these three methods provide very similar quantitative data on POOH accumulation, whereas iodometry tends to strongly underestimate the subsequent stage of POOH decomposition. It was thus suspected that iodometry does not only titrate POOH, but also other chemical species (presumably double bonds) formed when POOH decompose. Therefore, only MDSC and SO2-FTIR were considered as relevant methods for POOH titration. In a second part, changes in Mw versus ageing time were monitored by size exclusion chromatography (SEC). A sharp drop of Mw was first observed at the beginning of exposure, which was assigned to an intensive chain scission process. Then, in a second stage, a stabilization or even a substantial re-increase in Mw was observed, suggesting a competition between chain scission and crosslinking processes. As this second stage starts at the same time as POOH decomposition, it was concluded that there is a strong correlation between both phenomena, occurring respectively at the macromolecular and molecular scales.

Da Cruz, Manuela; Van Schoors, Laetitia; Colin, Xavier; Benzarti, Karim

2014-05-01

424

Using occlusal wear information and finite element analysis to investigate stress distributions in human molars  

PubMed Central

Simulations based on finite element analysis (FEA) have attracted increasing interest in dentistry and dental anthropology for evaluating the stress and strain distribution in teeth under occlusal loading conditions. Nonetheless, FEA is usually applied without considering changes in contacts between antagonistic teeth during the occlusal power stroke. In this contribution we show how occlusal information can be used to investigate the stress distribution with 3D FEA in lower first molars (M1). The antagonistic crowns M1 and P2–M1 of two dried modern human skulls were scanned by ?CT in maximum intercuspation (centric occlusion) contact. A virtual analysis of the occlusal power stroke between M1 and P2–M1 was carried out in the Occlusal Fingerprint Analyser (OFA) software, and the occlusal trajectory path was recorded, while contact areas per time-step were visualized and quantified. Stress distribution of the M1 in selected occlusal stages were analyzed in strand7, considering occlusal information taken from OFA results for individual loading direction and loading area. Our FEA results show that the stress pattern changes considerably during the power stroke, suggesting that wear facets have a crucial influence on the distribution of stress on the whole tooth. Grooves and fissures on the occlusal surface are seen as critical locations, as tensile stresses are concentrated at these features. Properly accounting for the power stroke kinematics of occluding teeth results in quite different results (less tensile stresses in the crown) than usual loading scenarios based on parallel forces to the long axis of the tooth. This leads to the conclusion that functional studies considering kinematics of teeth are important to understand biomechanics and interpret morphological adaptation of teeth. PMID:21615398

Benazzi, Stefano; Kullmer, Ottmar; Grosse, Ian R; Weber, Gerhard W

2011-01-01

425

Variability in premolar and molar root number in a modern population of Pan troglodytes verus.  

PubMed

While teeth are the most common fossil remains for hominoids, little is known of the tooth root morphology in Primates. With the exception of modern humans, the variability of the number of roots within a species is scarcely documented and not conclusively quantified. This lack of knowledge hinders the interpretation of observed evolutionary trends, such as the reduction of the number of roots of premolars within the hominins. Here, we present the first quantification of the variability of the number of roots in a nonhuman ape population including 405 specimens. Our sample is made of a single biological population of Pan troglodytes verus from Liberia, which is compared to other extant hominoids. Both permanent and deciduous teeth were analyzed and comprise premolars and molars from maxillaries and mandibles. The estimated variability is very low for each tooth position; more than 97% of the specimens displaying the same number of roots except for P4 (94%), M1 (89%), and P(4) (57%). No variability at all was observed for lacteal teeth. Males and females are statistically identical, and no difference linked to the tooth size (estimated by the occlusal surface) was observed. When compared to the observation in other hominoid species, these results emphasize that the difference of the number of roots observed between modern humans and apes is significant, and suggests that the evolution of premolar root number is mosaic, with the common ancestor of Pan and Homo probably displaying a reduced number of roots for P(4) and maybe P(3) , but a plesiomorphic morphology of the roots of lower premolars. PMID:24948571

Emonet, Edouard-Georges; Kullmer, Ottmar

2014-10-01

426

Steric desolation enhances the effective molarities of intramolecular H-bonding interactions.  

PubMed

Free energy contributions due to intramolecular phosphonate diester-phenol H-bonds have been measured for 20 different supramolecular architectures in cyclohexanone solution. High throughput UV/Vis titrations were used in combination with chemical double mutant cycles to dissect out the contributions of different functional group interactions to the stabilities of over 100 different zinc porphyrin-pyridine ligand complexes. These complexes have previously been characterised in toluene and in 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TCE) solution. Intramolecular ester-phenol H-bonds that were measured in these less polar solvents are too weak to be detected in cyclohexanone, which is a more competitive solvent. The stability of the intermolecular phosphonate diester-phenol H-bond in cyclohexanone is an order of magnitude lower than in TCE and two orders of magnitude lower than in toluene. As a consequence, only seven of the twenty intramolecular phosphonate diester-phenol interactions that were previously measured in toluene and TCE could be detected in cyclohexanone. The effective molarities (EM) for these intramolecular interactions are different in all three solvents. Determination of the EM accounts for solvent effects on the strengths of the individual H-bonding interactions and the zinc porphyrin-pyridine coordination bond, so the variation in EM with solvent implies that differences in the solvation shells make significant contributions to the overall stabilities of the complexes. The results suggest that steric effects lead to desolvation of bulky polar ligands. This increases the EM values measured in TCE, because ligands that fail to replace the strong interactions made with this solvent are unusually weakly bound compared with ligands that make intramolecular H-bonds. PMID:22580501

Chekmeneva, Elena; Hunter, Christopher A; Misuraca, Maria Cristina; Turega, Simon M

2012-08-14

427

Mineralization disturbances of the developing rat molar induced by mono- and bisphosphonates.  

PubMed

Morphological changes have been reported previously in the developing dental tissues of the rat molar following administration of mono- or bisphosphonates. However, few studies have been published on the relationship between these and the possible mineralization disturbances. Two monophosphonates, phosphonoformic and phosphonoacetic acids, and two bisphosphonates, dichloromethylene bisphosphonate (Cl2MBP) and 1-hydroxyethylidene-1, 1-bisphosphonate (HEBP) in a dosage of 10-30 mg P/kg b.w. were injected in 5 day old rats and the induced changes analyzed by microradiographic and histologic examination. A single injection of mono- or bisphosphonates resulted in apparently identical disturbances of the developing enamel associated with subameloblastic cysts. Three different types of cysts were distinguished. In type 1 cysts, enamel hypoplasia near the cusp tip with an outer highly mineralized zone associated with calcified deposits in the cystic lining and inner hypomineralized enamel were discerned. The type 2 cysts were characterized by the formation of a thick enamel layer in the cervical area and deep in the fissures due to the development of internal enamel defects. The type 3 cysts were seen in the cervical area of the mesial or distal sides of the tooth without any remarkable changes in the underlying enamel matrix. Both Cl2MBP and HEBP induced two demarcation lines in the dentin layer. Additionally, HEBP resulted in the formation of niche-like defects of unmineralized dentin which healed by mineral deposition from the periphery. From these results, it can be concluded that mono- and bisphosphonates have similar effects on enamel mineralization and the type of response depends on the stage of enamel matrix secretion while bisphosphonates, in addition, interfere with the dentin mineralization. PMID:1830881

Fouda, N; Caracatsanis, M; Kut, I A; Hammarström, L

1991-03-01

428

How to measure and predict the molar absorption coefficient of a protein.  

PubMed Central

The molar absorption coefficient, epsilon, of a protein is usually based on concentrations measured by dry weight, nitrogen, or amino acid analysis. The studies reported here suggest that the Edelhoch method is the best method for measuring epsilon for a protein. (This method is described by Gill and von Hippel [1989, Anal Biochem 182:319-326] and is based on data from Edelhoch [1967, Biochemistry 6:1948-1954]). The absorbance of a protein at 280 nm depends on the content of Trp, Tyr, and cystine (disulfide bonds). The average epsilon values for these chromophores in a sample of 18 well-characterized proteins have been estimated, and the epsilon values in water, propanol, 6 M guanidine hydrochloride (GdnHCl), and 8 M urea have been measured. For Trp, the average epsilon values for the proteins are less than the epsilon values measured in any of the solvents. For Tyr, the average epsilon values for the proteins are intermediate between those measured in 6 M GdnHCl and those measured in propanol. Based on a sample of 116 measured epsilon values for 80 proteins, the epsilon at 280 nm of a folded protein in water, epsilon (280), can best be predicted with this equation: epsilon (280) (M-1 cm-1) = (#Trp)(5,500) + (#Tyr)(1,490) + (#cystine)(125) These epsilon (280) values are quite reliable for proteins containing Trp residues, and less reliable for proteins that do not. However, the Edelhoch method is convenient and accurate, and the best approach is to measure rather than predict epsilon. PMID:8563639

Pace, C. N.; Vajdos, F.; Fee, L.; Grimsley, G.; Gray, T.

1995-01-01

429

The Neandertal lower right deciduous second molar from Trou de l'Abîme at Couvin, Belgium.  

PubMed

A human lower right deciduous second molar was discovered in 1984 at the entrance of Trou de l'Abîme at Couvin (Belgium). In subsequent years the interpretation of this fossil remained difficult for various reasons: (1) the lack of taxonomically diagnostic elements which would support its attribution to either Homo (sapiens) neanderthalensis or H. s. sapiens; (2) the absence of any reliable chronostratigraphic interpretation of the sedimentary sequence of the site; (3) the contradiction between archaeological interpretations, which attributed the lithic industry to a transitional facies between the Middle and Early Upper Palaeolithic, and the radiocarbon date of 46,820+/-3,290BP obtained from animal bone remains associated with the tooth and the flint tools. Thanks to recent progress regarding these three aspects, the tooth from Trou de l'Abîme may now be studied in detail. Analyses of the morphology and enamel thickness of the fossil yielded diagnostic characters consistent with an attribution to Neandertals. Re-examination of the lithic industry of Couvin shows that it corresponds to the late Middle Palaeolithic rather than a transitional facies. Furthermore, a new analysis of the site stratigraphy indicates that the unit situated above the archaeological layer in which the tooth was found is probably a palaeosol of brown soil type. Comparison with the regional cave sequences as well as with the reference sequence from the Belgian loess belt tends to show that the most recent palaeosol of this type is dated between 42,000 and 40,000BP. This is consistent with both a recently obtained AMS result at 44,500BP and the published conventional date. PMID:19910020

Toussaint, Michel; Olejniczak, Anthony J; El Zaatari, Sireen; Cattelain, Pierre; Flas, Damien; Letourneux, Claire; Pirson, Stéphane

2010-01-01

430

Elevated serum 25(OH)-vitamin D levels are negatively correlated with molar-incisor hypomineralization.  

PubMed

To date, the precise etiology of molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is uncertain. Vitamin D plays a key role in hard tissue formation. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the relationship between serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25(OH)D) status and dental health data obtained from 1,048 children in a 10-year follow-up of the Munich GINIplus and LISAplus birth cohorts. The dental examination included the diagnosis of MIH and recording of (non-)cavitated caries lesions in primary and permanent teeth. Serum 25(OH)D concentrations were taken from blood samples of the 10-year investigation and measured with a fully automated, modular system. Different logistic regression and Poisson hurdle models were calculated. MIH was diagnosed in 13.6% of the study population. Approximately 16.4% of the children demonstrated caries-related defects (D3-4MFS > 0). The mean season-adjusted concentration of 25(OH)D was 75.8 nmol/l (standard deviation 22.0 nmol/l). After adjusting for sex, age, body mass index, parental education, equivalent income, and television/personal computer (TV/PC) viewing hours, a 10 nmol/l increase in serum 25(OH)D concentrations was significantly associated with a lower odds ratio of having MIH (OR = 0.89; P = 0.006). Furthermore, higher 25(OH)D values were associated with a lower number of caries-affected permanent teeth. It is concluded that elevated serum 25(OH)D concentrations were associated with better dental health parameters. PMID:25503610

Kühnisch, J; Thiering, E; Kratzsch, J; Heinrich-Weltzien, R; Hickel, R; Heinrich, J

2015-02-01

431

Central sensitization in thalamic nociceptive neurons induced by mustard oil application to rat molar tooth pulp.  

PubMed

We have recently demonstrated that application of mustard oil (MO), a small-fiber excitant and inflammatory irritant, to the rat maxillary molar tooth pulp induces central sensitization that is reflected in changes in spontaneous activity, mechanoreceptive field (RF) size, mechanical activation threshold, and responses to graded mechanical stimuli applied to the neuronal RF in trigeminal brainstem subnucleus caudalis and subnucleus oralis. The aim of this study was to test whether central sensitization can be induced in nociceptive neurons of the posterior thalamus by MO application to the pulp. Single unit neuronal activity was recorded in the ventroposterior medial nucleus (VPM) or posterior nuclear group (PO) of the thalamus in anesthetized rats, and nociceptive neurons were classified as wide dynamic range (WDR) or nociceptive-specific (NS). MO application to the pulp was studied in 47 thalamic nociceptive neurons and found to excite over 50% of the 35 VPM neurons tested and to produce significant long-lasting (over 40 min) increases in spontaneous activity, cutaneous pinch RF size and responses to graded mechanical stimuli, and a decrease in threshold in the 29 NS neurons tested; a smaller but statistically significant increase in mean spontaneous firing rate and decrease in activation threshold occurred following MO in the six WDR neurons tested. Vehicle application to the pulp did not produce any significant changes in six VPM NS neurons tested. MO application to the pulp produced pronounced increases in spontaneous activity, pinch RF size, and responses to mechanical stimuli, and a decrease in threshold in three of the six PO neurons. In conclusion, application of the inflammatory irritant MO to the tooth pulp results in central sensitization of thalamic nociceptive neurons and this neuronal hyperexcitability likely contributes to the behavioral consequences of peripheral inflammation manifesting as pain referral, hyperalgesia and allodynia. PMID:16934945

Zhang, S; Chiang, C Y; Xie, Y F; Park, S J; Lu, Y; Hu, J W; Dostrovsky, J O; Sessle, B J

2006-10-27

432

Using occlusal wear information and finite element analysis to investigate stress distributions in human molars.  

PubMed

Simulations based on finite element analysis (FEA) have attracted increasing interest in dentistry and dental anthropology for evaluating the stress and strain distribution in teeth under occlusal loading conditions. Nonetheless, FEA is usually applied without considering changes in contacts between antagonistic teeth during the occlusal power stroke. In this contribution we show how occlusal information can be used to investigate the stress distribution with 3D FEA in lower first molars (M(1)). The antagonistic crowns M(1) and P(2)-M(1) of two dried modern human skulls were scanned by ?CT in maximum intercuspation (centric occlusion) contact. A virtual analysis of the occlusal power stroke between M(1) and P(2)-M(1) was carried out in the Occlusal Fingerprint Analyser (OFA) software, and the occlusal trajectory path was recorded, while contact areas per time-step were visualized and quantified. Stress distribution of the M(1) in selected occlusal stages were analyzed in strand7, considering occlusal information taken from OFA results for individual loading direction and loading area. Our FEA results show that the stress pattern changes considerably during the power stroke, suggesting that wear facets have a crucial influence on the distribution of stress on the whole tooth. Grooves and fissures on the occlusal surface are seen as critical locations, as tensile stresses are concentrated at these features. Properly accounting for the power stroke kinematics of occluding teeth results in quite different results (less tensile stresses in the crown) than usual loading scenarios based on parallel forces to the long axis of the tooth. This leads to the conclusion that functional studies considering kinematics of teeth are important to understand biomechanics and interpret morphological adaptation of teeth. PMID:21615398

Benazzi, Stefano; Kullmer, Ottmar; Grosse, Ian R; Weber, Gerhard W

2011-09-01

433

Report of a Rare Case: A Maxillary First Molar with Seven Canals Confirmed with Cone-Beam Computed Tomography  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Coronal anatomic variations in permanent maxillary molars are unusual; conversely variations involving the number of root canals or number of roots are more common. Methods and Materials: This case report presents a successful nonsurgical endodontic therapy of left maxillary first molar with three roots and seven root canals. This unusual morphology was diagnosed using a dental operating microscope (DOM) and confirmed with the help of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. Results: CBCT axial images showed that both of the palatal and distobuccal roots had Vertucci type II canal pattern, whereas the mesiobuccal root canal showed a Sert and Bayirli’s type XV configuration. Conclusion: The use of a DOM and CBCT imaging in endodontically challenging cases can facilitate a better understanding of the complex root canal anatomy, which ultimately enables the clinician to explore the root canal system, and therefore treat it far more efficiently. PMID:24688587

Kumar, Rahul

2014-01-01

434

Temperature determination in a transient free fuel jet with equilibrium temperature of the local molar mixture fraction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the space-resolved temperature determination in the mixing zone of a transient free dimethyl ether jet flowing into a non-moving atmosphere via the time-resolved local molar mixture fraction, obtained with tracer added Laser-induced Fluorescence. The temperature of the mixture is calculated with an approach of an adiabatic mixing temperature. To validate the obtained temperatures a high-speed thermocouple measures the local temperature with high temporal resolution. The thermocouple data is corrected using a detailed model that includes all relevant effects of radiation, convection and conduction. The corrected thermocouple temperature is compared with the temperature data obtained via the local molar mixture fraction. Comparison of the corrected thermocouple data with the mixture-derived data shows excellent agreement for pressure and temperature conditions sufficiently far from the critical point of dimethyl ether.

Pfeifer, Christian; Kress, Stephan; Kuhn, Dietmar

2010-08-01

435

Choriocarcinoma of the bladder. Report of a case of primary tumor or late metastasis of a molar pregnancy.  

PubMed

Choriocarcinoma of the bladder was diagnosed in a 54-year-old woman presenting with macroscopic hematuria 17 years following evacuation of a molar pregnancy. The patient was treated by cystoscopic transurethral tumor resection followed by three courses of triple-agent chemotherapy and total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Six months later a gradual rise in beta-human chorionic gonadotropin levels led to the diagnosis of recurrent bladder tumor at the site of the previous tumor. The patient underwent a conservative partial cystectomy, and 12 months postoperatively there was no evidence of disease. It is unclear whether the patient developed a primary urinary bladder choriocarcinoma or late metastatic disease from the previous molar pregnancy. PMID:7650666

Yishai, D; Atad, J; Bornstein, J; Sova, Y; Mecz, Y; Lurie, A; Lurie, M; Abramovici, H

1995-06-01

436

Correlation of antibiotic prophylaxis and difficulty of extraction with postoperative inflammatory complications in the lower third molar surgery.  

PubMed

Our aim was to investigate the correlation among antibiotic prophylaxis, difficulty of extraction, and postoperative complications in the removal of lower 3rd molars. A total of 1222 such extractions in 890 patients between January 2010 and January 2012 were analysed retrospectively. The difficulty of extraction measured by Pederson's index, antibiotic prophylaxis with cefditoren, and postoperative complications were recorded. The difficulty of extraction was significantly associated with postoperative complications (p=0.03). There were no significant associations between antibiotic prophylaxis and postoperative complications in groups of equal difficulty ("easy" group (class I) p=1.00; "moderate" group (class II) p=1.00; and "difficult" group (class III) p=0.65). There was a small but insignificant increase in the number of dry sockets and infections in class III cases. In conclusion, this study provides further evidence that antibiotic prophylaxis for the prevention of postoperative inflammatory complications is unnecessary for extraction of 3rd molars. PMID:24029441

Lee, J Y; Do, H S; Lim, J H; Jang, H S; Rim, J S; Kwon, J J; Lee, E S

2014-01-01

437

Incidental Radiographic Discovery of a Screw in a Primary Molar: An Unusual Case Report in a 6 Year Old Child  

PubMed Central

Dentists often find foreign bodies in the primary dentition of children who habitually place objects in their mouths. The objects are frequently embedded in exposures that result from carious or traumatic lesions or from endodontic procedures that have been left open for drainage. Such bodies are often detected on routine radiographs and, less frequently, during clinical examination. We report a case of a 6-year-old boy who had inadvertently embedded a screw in his mandibular right first primary molar and had forgotten about it until it became symptomatic. The screw was impacted in the exposed pulp chamber due to a large carious lesion in the affected molar. This case report considers the possible medical and dental consequences of placing foreign bodies in the mouth. PMID:23878747

Katge, Farhin; Mithiborwala, Sajjad; Pammi, Thejokrishna

2013-01-01

438

The standard molar enthalpies of formation of SrTeO 3and SrTe 2O 5  

Microsoft Academic Search

The molar enthalpies of solution of SrTeO3, SrTe2O5, TeO2, and SrCO3in HCl (aq,c=11 mol·dm?3) have been measured by using an isoperibol calorimeter. From these results and other auxiliary data, the standard molar enthalpies of formation ?fHm°(298.15 K) of SrTeO3(cr) and SrTe2O5(cr) have been calculated to be ?(1026.0±10.7) kJ·mol?1and ?(1381.2±12.9) kJ·mol?1, respectively. These values of enthalpies of formation are consistent with

R. Mishra; S. R. Bharadwaj; A. S. Kerkar; S. R. Dharwadkar

1998-01-01

439

A randomized double-blind comparative study of Biolight light therapy following surgical extraction of impacted lower third molars.  

PubMed

Monochromatic light has been used in many studies and indicated that phototherapy might be effective in the treatment of pain relief. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the efficacy of monochromatic light phototherapy on patients who had undergone impacted third molar surgery. Sixty adult patients were included in the study. The patients were divided into 2 groups; the Biolight therapy group and the placebo therapy group. All the subjects received phototherapy 6 minutes preoperative and 10 minutes postoperative. They were examined 3 and 7 days after surgery to evaluate postoperative pain and wound healing. One patient was excluded from the study due to extraction of the third molar in maxilla. All the patients received a questionnaire to answer regarding pain and the number of pain killers consumed. The results from this study showed that Phototherapy using monochromatic light Biolight therapy had no significant differences compared to the placebo group. PMID:18220219

Kashani, Hossein; Kanagaraja, Sanjiv; Kahnberg, Karl-Erik

2007-01-01

440

Molar pregnancy after tubal ligation in a patient with neuroendocrine tumour: when a rare condition coincides with an unexpected diagnosis.  

PubMed

A 40-year-old woman with a history of bilateral tubal ligation and a recent diagnosis of metastatic neuroendocrine tumour in the liver presented with severe nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and dehydration. She had an inconclusive urine pregnancy test in the emergency department that was followed by an extremely high serum ?-human chorionic gonadotropin. Transvaginal ultrasound, MRI and subsequent pathology from a dilation and curettage (D&C) revealed that the patient had a complete molar pregnancy. This is a case of an unusual patient who reminds us that one person can have a rare diagnosis and an unexpected obstetrical outcome. We could find no evidence in the medical literature of a causal link between these two diagnoses but present this case report of a reproductive age woman with neuroendocrine tumour and complete molar pregnancy. This case also serves as an example of the phenomenon of the 'hook effect.' PMID:24789159

Semenya, Afi Mansa; Roberts, Caroline; Mounsey, Anne

2014-01-01

441

Absence of multiple premolars and ankylosis of deciduous molar with cant of the occlusal plane treated using skeletal anchorage.  

PubMed

Ankylosis and the absence of premolars are two relatively common conditions encountered in the field of orthodontics. However, the absence of multiple premolars, particularly two adjacent premolars, along with ankylosis of deciduous teeth, is unusual. Herein, we present a case report and discuss some aspects related to these abnormalities. A 15-year-old boy was missing the upper right first and second premolars and the lower right and left second premolars. In addition, the deciduous lower left second molar was ankylosed and in infraocclusion, causing canting of the occlusal plane. The patient was treated with a mini-implant to correct the Class II malocclusion on the left side and a miniplate to correct the cant of the occlusal plan. After treatment, the upper right space was kept closed, with the canine in contact with the first molar, and the lower left space was opened to an implant-prosthetic rehabilitation. PMID:24901068

Farret, Marcel M; Farret, Milton M B

2015-01-01

442

Comparison of Conventional, Rotary, and Ultrasonic Preparation, Different Final Irrigation Regimens, and 2 Sealers in Primary Molar Root Canal Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the shaping effectiveness rotary nickel- titanium (Profi le .04 ISO), ultrasonic (K-Type\\/Satelec), and stainless-steel hand fi le (K-fi le\\/Maillefer) instrumentation and to assess tubular penetration of 2 gutta percha seal- ers (AH Plus and Sealite-Ultra) following 4 different fi nal irrigation regimens in primary molar roots. Methods: Distal roots of extracted

Harun Canoglu; Meryem U. Tekcicek; Zafer C. Cehreli

2006-01-01

443

Responses of immunocompetent cells in the dental pulp to replantation during the regeneration process in rat molars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Responses of immunocompetent cells to tooth replantation during the regeneration process of the dental pulp in rat molars were investigated by immunocytochemistry using antibodies to class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules (OX6 antibody), monocyte\\/macrophage lineage cells (ED1 antibody) and protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5), as well as by histochemical reaction for periodic acid-Schiff (PAS). Tooth replantation caused an

Aya Shimizu; Kuniko Nakakura-Ohshima; Tadashi Noda; Takeyasu Maeda; Hayato Ohshima