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1

1 Africana Studies AFRICANA STUDIES  

E-print Network

1 Africana Studies AFRICANA STUDIES GW's Africana Studies Program promotes an interdepartmental, interdisciplinary course of study examining the diverse histories, cultures, politics and people of the African's course of study might range from a study of Caribbean cultures, the literature of Black America

Vertes, Akos

2

HUMANITIES SCHOLARS APPLICATION Africana Studies  

E-print Network

HUMANITIES SCHOLARS APPLICATION MAJORS Africana Studies American Studies Ancient Studies Anthropology, Cultural Asian Studies English Gender and Women's Studies History Media and Communication Studies Modern Languages, Linguistics and Intercultural Communication Philosophy Interdisciplinary Studies #12

Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

3

College of Arts and Letters Africana Studies  

E-print Network

College of Arts and Letters Africana Studies American Indian Studies Anthropology Asia Pacific Studies Chicana and Chicano Studies Classics and Humanities Comparative International Studies Economics English and Comparative Literature European Studies Geography History International Business International

Gallo, Linda C.

4

Africana Librarianship in the United States to 1960.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguing that Africana librarianship developed in response to changes in the traditional image of Africa and that it influenced that image in turn, this paper focuses on the individuals who shaped Africana librarianship in the United States. The topics discussed include the earliest American examples of Africana librarianship as witnessed in the…

Wagner, Ralph D.

5

Africana.com: The Digital Bridge  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Africana.com was founded in 1999 to present "information and commentary reflecting the diverse concerns of people of African descent." Designed by Harvard Square Netcasting, with Harvard University professors Henry Louis Gates and Anthony Appiah on the its Board of Directors, Africana.com provides a broad spectrum of information from scholarship to lifestyle articles and headline news. Several features boost the interactivity of the site: a free email service for registrants, a quiz (AfriQuest), and Radio Africana, listings of radio stations worldwide webcasting Black music. There are also links to related Web resources, a media center (primarily books and CDs for purchase), and the Adopt-A-School philanthropy program.

6

The College of William & Mary AFRICANA STUDIES PROGRAM  

E-print Network

The College of William & Mary AFRICANA STUDIES PROGRAM Symposium: The Origins of the African: A Journey of Reconciliation at the College of William and Mary." For the full text, see: (http to the fore. First, the College established an Africana Studies Program that promotes the study of the people

Lewis, Robert Michael

7

126 SDSU General Catalog 2013-2014 Africana Studies  

E-print Network

and sciences. Minor in Africana studies. Minor in African studies. See Interdisciplinary Programs. The Major Africana studies offers a broad, interdisciplinary program. The cur- riculum is designed to focus) Language Requirement. Competency (successfully completing the third college semester or fifth college

Gallo, Linda C.

8

126 SDSU General Catalog 2012-2013 Africana Studies  

E-print Network

and sciences. Minor in Africana studies. Minor in African studies. See Interdisciplinary Programs. The Major Africana studies offers a broad, interdisciplinary program. The cur- riculum is designed to focus) Language Requirement. Competency (successfully completing the third college semester or fifth college

Gallo, Linda C.

9

122 SDSU General Catalog 2010-2011 Africana Studies  

E-print Network

and sciences. Minor in Africana studies. Minor in African studies. See Interdisciplinary Programs. The Major Africana studies offers a broad, interdisciplinary program. The cur- riculum is designed to focus) Language Requirement. Competency (successfully completing the third college semester or fifth college

Gallo, Linda C.

10

126 SDSU General Catalog 2011-2012 Africana Studies  

E-print Network

. Minor in Africana studies. Minor in African studies. See Interdisciplinary Programs. The Major Africana studies offers a broad, interdisciplinary program. The cur- riculum is designed to focus on a variety. Competency (successfully completing the third college semester or fifth college quarter) is required in one

Gallo, Linda C.

11

The Portrayal of Africana Males in Achebe, Marshall, Morrison, and Wideman.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Hudson-Weems' book, "Africana Womanism: Reclaiming Ourselves," which highlights 18 qualities of Africana women and briefly addresses 18 characteristics of Africana males. This article takes these 18 characteristics for men and applies them to male characters from four novels, which together chronicle the decline of the Africana people and…

Beckmann, Felicia

2002-01-01

12

Epidemiological aspects of Claviceps africana, causal agent of Sorghum ergot  

E-print Network

Sorghum ergot, caused by Claviceps africana Frederickson, Mantle & de Milliano, is a disease that affects non-fertilized ovaries in sorghum male-sterile plants and infects hybrids if there is pollen sterility at flowering time. Sphacelia containing...

Noe, Montes Garcia; Noe, Montes Garcia

2005-02-17

13

Rules of habitat use by elephants Loxodonta africana in southern Africa: insights for regional management  

E-print Network

Rules of habitat use by elephants Loxodonta africana in southern Africa: insights for regional in southern Africa are concerned that continually increasing elephant populations will degrade ecosystems africana, Maputo Elephant Reserve, optimal foraging, southern Africa, Tembe Elephant Park. This paper

Pretoria, University of

14

Dominance rank relationships among wild female African elephants, Loxodonta africana  

E-print Network

Dominance rank relationships among wild female African elephants, Loxodonta africana ELIZABETH A of Biology, Duke University yTarangire Elephant Project, Arusha, Tanzania zAmboseli Elephant Research Project, like African savanna elephants, are predicted to have unresolved dominance hierarchies and poorly

Alberts, Susan C

15

The ethnobotany and pharmacognosy of Olea europaea subsp. africana (Oleaceae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ethnobotanical uses of wild olive, O. europaea subsp. africana (sometimes referred to as subsp. cuspidata) in southern Africa and in other parts of Africa are reviewed. Chromatographic analyses of secoiridoids (oleuropein and other oleuropeosides) in 25 wild olive leaf samples from 10 localities in South Africa showed substantial amounts of oleuropein (up to 110mg\\/g dry weight) and not trace

H. S. Long; P. M. Tilney; B.-E. Van Wyk

2010-01-01

16

Fermentation of Agave tequilana juice by Kloeckera africana: influence of amino-acid supplementations.  

PubMed

This study aimed to improve the fermentation efficiency of Kloeckera africana K1, in tequila fermentations. We investigated organic and inorganic nitrogen source requirements in continuous K. africana fermentations fed with Agave tequilana juice. The addition of a mixture of 20 amino-acids greatly improved the fermentation efficiency of this yeast, increasing the consumption of reducing sugars and production of ethanol, compared with fermentations supplemented with ammonium sulfate. The preference of K. africana for each of the 20 amino-acids was further determined in batch fermentations and we found that asparagine supplementation increased K. africana biomass production, reducing sugar consumption and ethanol production (by 30, 36.7 and 45%, respectively) over fermentations supplemented with ammonium sulfate. Therefore, asparagine appears to overcome K. africana nutritional limitation in Agave juice. Surprisingly, K. africana produced a high concentration of ethanol. This contrasts to poor ethanol productivities reported for other non-Saccharomyces yeasts indicating a relatively high ethanol tolerance for the K. africana K1 strain. Kloeckera spp. strains are known to synthesize a wide variety of volatile compounds and we have shown that amino-acid supplements influenced the synthesis by K. africana of important metabolites involved in the bouquet of tequila. The findings of this study have revealed important nutritional limitations of non-Saccharomyces yeasts fermenting Agave tequilana juice, and have highlighted the potential of K. africana in tequila production processes. PMID:21761236

Valle-Rodríguez, Juan Octavio; Hernández-Cortés, Guillermo; Córdova, Jesús; Estarrón-Espinosa, Mirna; Díaz-Montaño, Dulce María

2012-02-01

17

CV Surgery Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Stanford University's HighWire Press has announced the online publication of several journals. CV Surgery Online offers "a fully searchable online compilation of articles pertinent to the cardiothoracic and vascular surgeon from the 5 American Heart Association Journals: Circulation, Circulation Research, Hypertension, Stroke, and Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Surgery." Published by the American Heart Association in conjunction with HighWire Press, the free trial period for CV Surgery Online ended December 31, 2000.

1999-01-01

18

Prevalence of Candida albicans-closely related yeasts, Candida africana and Candida dubliniensis, in vulvovaginal candidiasis.  

PubMed

Isolates of Candida africana and C. dubliniensis were recovered from patients with vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC). The isolates were initially identified as C. albicans through use of the API Candida System. We retrospectively reexamined 1014 vaginal isolates presumptively determined to be C. albicans at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Peking University Shenzhen Hospital from 1 January 2003 through 31 December 2012. Our objective was to determine, via detection of the HWP1 gene, if any of the isolates were C. africana or C. dubliniensis. One and a half percent of these isolates (15/1014) were found to be C. africana, whereas C. dubliniensis was not detected. The 15 C. africana isolates were susceptible to nystatin, fluconazole, itraconazole, miconazole, and clotrimazole. Candida africana could not be recovered from clinical vaginal specimens from the 15 patients at follow-up on days 7-14 and days 30-35 when treated with different antifungal agents. We conclude that C. africana, but not C. dubliniensis, was present in the vaginal samples of patients with VVC. The C. africana isolates were susceptible to the tested antifungal agents. VVC caused by C. africana appears to respond well to current therapies. PMID:25023482

Shan, Yingying; Fan, Shangrong; Liu, Xiaoping; Li, Jianling

2014-08-01

19

Potentials of leaves of Aspilia africana (Compositae) in wound care: an experimental evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The potentials of the leaves of the haemorrhage plant, Aspilia africana C. D Adams (Compositae) in wound care was evaluated using experimental models. A. africana, which is widespread in Africa, is used in traditional medicine to stop bleeding from wounds, clean the surfaces of sores, in the treatment of rheumatic pains, bee and scorpion stings and for removal of

CO Okoli; PA Akah; AS Okoli

2007-01-01

20

Prerequisites for A&S Majors [as of July 2013] Africana Studies  

E-print Network

Prerequisites for A&S Majors [as of July 2013] Africana Studies Students should submit: 1. a statement of why they want to be an Africana Studies major; 2. a tentative outline of the area of study of undergraduate studies will review the applications and notify students within two weeks of the status

Davis, H. Floyd

21

Extraction studies of Tabernanthe iboga and Voacanga africana.  

PubMed

The root bark of Tabernanthe iboga contains ibogaine as its predominant alkaloid and has been an important source of it. Ibogaine is used experimentally to interrupt drug addiction and allow therapeutic intervention, but is currently unaffordable to doctors in less economically developed countries. To meet this need, an extraction of alkaloids from T. iboga root bark was optimized and simplified to use only diluted vinegar and ammonia, and was successfully applied to related alkaloids from Voacanga africana bark also. The alkaloids were converted to their hydrochlorides and purified, and the minor alkaloids were recovered. PMID:11942686

Jenks, Christopher W

2002-02-01

22

Why Do African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) Simulate Oestrus? An Analysis of Longitudinal Data  

E-print Network

Why Do African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) Simulate Oestrus? An Analysis of Longitudinal Data, United Kingdom, 3 Amboseli Trust for Elephants, Nairobi, Kenya Abstract Female African elephants signal that parous females in the Amboseli elephant population do simulate receptive oestrus behaviours

23

Morphological, biochemical and molecular characterisation of the first Italian Candida africana isolate.  

PubMed

One atypical isolate of the pathogenic yeast Candida albicans was isolated from an Italian patient with vulvovaginitis. The strain, germ tube positive and chlamydospore-negative showed white-thin turquoise colonies on Candida ID 2 medium. The yeast was identified as Candida africana by using morphological and biochemical tests. On the basis of the molecular results obtained in this study as well as in other studies, C. africana cannot be yet considered as a new species of Candida. It is possible that C. africana represents a new variant of C. albicans like the well-known Candida stellatoidea. To our knowledge, this is the first isolation of C. africana in Italy. PMID:18983430

Romeo, Orazio; Criseo, Giuseppe

2009-09-01

24

Sorghum Ergot: Distinguishing Sphacelia and Sclerotia of Claviceps africana in Seed  

E-print Network

of sphacelia and sclerotia and because immature, cracked and moldy seed and other foreign objects are frequently misidentified as ergot fungal bodies. Infections caused by ergot fungi, including Claviceps africana, can produce two different struc- tures called.... Sclerotia are ?resting? or dormancy structures equipped to withstand degradation by the L-5315 6-99 Sorghum Ergot Distinguishing Sphacelia and Sclerotia of Claviceps africana in Seed Debra E. Frederickson and Gary N. Odvody Assisted by Thomas Isakeit...

Frederickson, Debra; Odvody, Gary; Isakeit, Thomas

1999-07-05

25

Fermentation of Agave tequilana juice by Kloeckera africana : influence of amino-acid supplementations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to improve the fermentation efficiency of Kloeckera africana K1, in tequila fermentations. We investigated organic and inorganic nitrogen source requirements in continuous K. africana fermentations fed with Agave tequilana juice. The addition of a mixture of 20 amino-acids greatly improved the fermentation efficiency of this yeast, increasing\\u000a the consumption of reducing sugars and production of ethanol, compared

Juan Octavio Valle-Rodríguez; Guillermo Hernández-Cortés; Jesús Córdova; Mirna Estarrón-Espinosa; Dulce María Díaz-Montaño

26

Epidemiology, Antifungal Susceptibility, and Pathogenicity of Candida africana Isolates from the United Kingdom  

PubMed Central

Candida africana was previously proposed as a new species within the Candida albicans species complex, together with C. albicans and C. dubliniensis, although further phylogenetic analyses better support its status as an unusual variant within C. albicans. Here we show that C. africana can be distinguished from C. albicans and C. dubliniensis by pyrosequencing of a short region of ITS2, and we have evaluated its occurrence in clinical samples by pyrosequencing all presumptive isolates of C. albicans submitted to the Mycology Reference Laboratory over a 9-month period. The C. albicans complex constituted 826/1,839 (44.9%) of yeast isolates received over the study period and included 783 isolates of C. albicans, 28 isolates of C. dubliniensis, and 15 isolates of C. africana. In agreement with previous reports, C. africana was isolated exclusively from genital specimens, in women in the 18-to-35-year age group. Indeed, C. africana constituted 15/251 (6%) of “C. albicans” isolates from female genital specimens during the study period. C. africana isolates were germ tube positive, grew significantly more slowly than C. albicans and C. dubliniensis on conventional mycological media, could be distinguished from the other members of the C. albicans complex by appearance on chromogenic agar, and were incapable of forming chlamydospores. Here we present the detailed evaluation of epidemiological, phenotypic, and clinical features and antifungal susceptibility profiles of United Kingdom isolates of C. africana. Furthermore, we demonstrate that C. africana is significantly less pathogenic than C. albicans and C. dubliniensis in the Galleria mellonella insect systemic infection model. PMID:23303503

Szekely, Adrien; Linton, Chistopher J.; Palmer, Michael D.; Brown, Phillipa; Johnson, Elizabeth M.

2013-01-01

27

Gut microflora of two saltmarsh detritivore thalassinid prawns, Upogebia africana and Callianassa kraussi  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presence and digestive capabilities of bacteria associated with the digestive systems and habitats of two saltmarsh-burrowing\\u000a detritivore thalassinid prawns (Upogebia africana andCallianassa kraussi) was examined.U. africana is a filter-feeding prawn inhabiting muddy deposits, whereasC. kraussi, a deposit feeder, inhabits coarser more sandy deposits. Scanning electron microscopy was used to examine the gut lining\\u000a and associated microflora and the nature

Jean M. Harris; Lindsay J. Seiderer; Michael I. Lucas

1991-01-01

28

Bilateral ovarian cystadenoma in a geriatric African elephant (Loxodonta africana).  

PubMed

A 59-yr-old, captive female African elephant (Loxodonta africana) died of a cardiovascular collapse. Necropsy revealed bilateral replacement of the ovarian tissue by multiple cystic formations of up to 10 cm in diameter. The cysts were thin walled and filled with clear watery fluid. Smaller solid masses with an irregular surface projected from the wall of a few of the cysts. Histologically, the cystic structures were characterized by a single layer of well-differentiated cuboidal epithelial cells resting on a basement membrane. Occasionally the cysts contained nodular proliferations of single-layered, well-differentiated cuboidal epithelial cells forming anastomosing tubules and occasional papillary projections. The ovarian neoplasia was diagnosed as a bilateral multilocular serous ovarian cystadenoma. The nulliparous status and the advanced age may have contributed to the ovarian pathology. PMID:25000708

Hoby, Stefan; Aloisio, Fabio; Schumacher, Vanessa L

2014-06-01

29

Exploratory rigid laparoscopy in an African elephant (Loxodonta africana).  

PubMed

In March 2009, a 25-yr-old captive female African elephant (Loxodonta africana) underwent an exploratory laparoscopy after several weeks of diarrhea, submandibular and ventral edema, and swelling on medial and lateral aspects of all feet. Although there have been recent advances in laparoscopic vasectomies in free-ranging African elephants in South Africa utilizing specially designed rigid laparoscopes and insufflation devices, this was the first attempt at using these same techniques for an exploratory purpose. The elephant was sedated in a static restraint chute and remained standing for the duration of the procedure. Laparoscopy provided visibility of the dorsal abdomen, enabled collection of reproductive tract biopsies and peritoneal fluid samples, and allowed for instillation of antibiotics and crystalloid fluids directly into the abdominal cavity. Abdominal exploration, collection of tissue samples, and local therapy is possible via standing laparoscopy in megavertebrates. PMID:25632688

Sweet, Julia; Hendrickson, Dean A; Stetter, Mark; Neiffer, Donald L

2014-12-01

30

CLASSIFICATION OF AFRICAN ELEPHANT LOXODONTA AFRICANA RUMBLES USING ACOUSTIC PARAMETERS AND CLUSTER ANALYSIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been suggested that African savanna elephants Loxodonta africana produce 31 different call types (Langbauer 2000). Various researchers have described these calls by associating them with specific behavioural contexts. More recently Leong et al. (2003) have attempted to classify elephant call types based on their physical properties. They classified 8 acoustically distinct call types from a population of captive

JASON D. WOOD; BRENDA MCCOWAN; WILLIAM R. LANGBAUER JR; JOZUA J. VILJOEN; LYNETTE A. HART

2005-01-01

31

Hierarchical dominance structure and social organization in African elephants, Loxodonta africana  

E-print Network

Hierarchical dominance structure and social organization in African elephants, Loxodonta africana GSave the Elephants, Nairobi, Kenya (Received 6 June 2006; initial acceptance 26 August 2006; final acceptance 12 and relative intensity of competition at these two levels. African elephants have well-structured social

Getz, Wayne M.

32

Use of space and habitat by elephants (Loxodonta africana) in the Maputo  

E-print Network

Use of space and habitat by elephants (Loxodonta africana) in the Maputo Elephant Reserve 9 September 2004. Accepted 2 July 2005 Satellite tracking units fitted to five elephants in the Maputo Elephant Reserve provided information on habitat use. We used the CALHOME program with Adaptive

Pretoria, University of

33

Solutions for elephant Loxodonta africana crop raiding in northern Botswana: moving away from symptomatic approaches  

E-print Network

Solutions for elephant Loxodonta africana crop raiding in northern Botswana: moving away from Conflict between people and elephants in Africa is widespread yet many solutions target the symptoms of the problem need to be examined. Here we examine factors underlying spatial use by elephants and people along

Pretoria, University of

34

The Only African Wild Tobacco, Nicotiana africana: Alkaloid Content and the Effect of Herbivory  

PubMed Central

Herbivory in some Nicotiana species is known to induce alkaloid production. This study examined herbivore-induced defenses in the nornicotine-rich African tobacco N. africana, the only Nicotiana species indigenous to Africa. We tested the predictions that: 1) N. africana will have high constitutive levels of leaf, flower and nectar alkaloids; 2) leaf herbivory by the African bollworm Helicoverpa armigera will induce increased alkaloid levels in leaves, flowers and nectar; and 3) increased alkaloid concentrations in herbivore-damaged plants will negatively affect larval growth. We grew N. africana in large pots in a greenhouse and exposed flowering plants to densities of one, three and six fourth-instar larvae of H. armigera, for four days. Leaves, flowers and nectar were analyzed for nicotine, nornicotine and anabasine. The principal leaf alkaloid was nornicotine (mean: 28 µg/g dry mass) followed by anabasine (4.9 µg/g) and nicotine (0.6 µg/g). Nornicotine was found in low quantities in the flowers, but no nicotine or anabasine were recorded. The nectar contained none of the alkaloids measured. Larval growth was reduced when leaves of flowering plants were exposed to six larvae. As predicted by the optimal defense theory, herbivory had a localized effect and caused an increase in nornicotine concentrations in both undamaged top leaves of herbivore damaged plants and herbivore damaged leaves exposed to one and three larvae. The nicotine concentration increased in damaged compared to undamaged middle leaves. The nornicotine concentration was lower in damaged leaves of plants exposed to six compared to three larvae, suggesting that N. africana rather invests in new growth as opposed to protecting older leaves under severe attack. The results indicate that the nornicotine-rich N. africana will be unattractive to herbivores and more so when damaged, but that potential pollinators will be unaffected because the nectar remains alkaloid-free even after herbivory. PMID:25025217

Marlin, Danica; Nicolson, Susan W.; Yusuf, Abdullahi A.; Stevenson, Philip C.; Heyman, Heino M.; Krüger, Kerstin

2014-01-01

35

Gilbert CV 1 BENJAMIN GILBERT  

E-print Network

. Plant invasions and the niche. Journal of Ecology 97:609-615. Srivastava, D.S., M.K. Trzcinski, BGilbert ­ CV 1 BENJAMIN GILBERT Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Sciences Marine. Ecology 87:1281-1288. Gilbert, B., and M.J. Lechowicz. 2005. Invasibility and abiotic gradients

Gilbert, Benjamin

36

Biradavolu_CV October 2011  

E-print Network

." Health Communication. 13(2): 205-226. #12;Biradavolu_CV 3 1999 Lipkus, Isaac, Yancey Crawford, Kathryn for communicating colorectal cancer risk." Journal of Health Communication. 4:311- 324. SELECTED TALKS on Health, Risk and Society, American University 2010 Research Scholar, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke

Lansky, Joshua

37

CV Johannes Bhm Curriculum Vitae  

E-print Network

CV Johannes Böhm 1/3 Curriculum Vitae Name: Univ. Prof. Dr. Johannes Böhm Chair of Advanced Geodesy Nationality: Austria Address: Department of Geodesy and Geoinformation E120/4 Vienna University of Technology Baseline Interferometry Atmospheric Effects in Space Geodesy Reference Frames Employment Record 07

Schuh, Harald

38

The production of 'Kpaye'--a fermented condiment from Prosopis africana (Guill and Perr) Taub. Seeds.  

PubMed

'Kpaye', a fermented condiment from Prosopis africana seeds was produced using the traditional method. Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus licheniformis and Bacillus pumilus were consistently isolated in the fermentations lasting 120 h. 'Kpaye'production involved a rise in pH, moisture content and total free amino acids while titratable acidity and reducing sugar decreased gradually after 24 h and 72 h of fermentation respectively. PMID:10574093

Omafuvbe, B O; Abiose, S H; Adaraloye, O O

1999-10-15

39

[Chemical and DNA analyses for the products of a psychoactive plant, Voacanga africana].  

PubMed

Voacanga africana (Apocynaceae) is a small tropical African tree. The root bark and seeds of this tree contain a number of alkaloids, including ibogaine (a hallucinogenic/aphrodisiac compound in bark), tabersonine (a major constituteent of seeds) and other voacanga alkaloids, traditionally used in Africa for religious purposes. Recently, some kinds of products containing this plant (root bark and seeds) have been distributed in the drug market in expectation of its hallucinogenic/aphrodisiac effects. There has been no report that has discussed quantitative analyses of these alkaloids in the products and their botanical origins. In this study, to investigate the trend of such a non-controlled psychotropic plant of abuse, a simultaneous analytical method was developed using LC/MS for the voacanga alkaloids including ibogaine and tabersonine in the commercial products of V. africana. Moreover, the botanical origins of these products were investigated by DNA analyses. As a result of the LC/MS analyses, the products were classified into two chemical types; an ibogaine-type and a tabersonine-type. The samples of the ibogaine-type contain ibogaine (0.05-0.6%) and other voacanga alkaloids; voacamine, voacamidine and voacangine, while those of the tabersonine-type mainly contain tabersonine (0.6-1.6%). The sequence analyses of chloroplast DNA, trnL-F region suggested that most of the products were derived from V. africana or closely related plants. They were classified into four genotypes based on nucleotide sequence of the trnL-F IGS region. The proposed methods of chemical and DNA analyses would be useful for investigating the trend in the distribution of the products of V. africana. PMID:19652504

Kikura-Hanajiri, Ruri; Maruyama, Takuro; Miyashita, Akinori; Goda, Yukihiro

2009-08-01

40

Human disturbance reduces genetic diversity of an endangered tropical tree, Prunus africana (Rosaceae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human activities such as fragmentation and selective logging of forests can threaten population viability by modification\\u000a of ecological and genetic processes. Using six microsatellite markers, we examined the effects of forest fragmentation and\\u000a local disturbance on the genetic diversity and structure of adult trees (N = 110) and seedlings (N = 110) of Prunus africana in Kakamega Forest, western Kenya. Taking samples of adults

Nina Farwig; Carsten Braun; Katrin Böhning-Gaese

2008-01-01

41

Use of optical density as a measure of Claviceps africana conidial suspension concentration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sorghum ergot, caused by Claviceps africana, has remained a major disease problem in Australia since it was first recorded in 1996, and is the focus of a range of biological\\u000a and integrated management research. Artificial inoculation using conidial suspensions is an important tool in this research.\\u000a Ergot infection is greatly influenced by environmental factors, so it is important to reduce

D. J. Herde; M. J. Ryley; S. D. Foster; V. J. Galea; R. G. Henzell; D. R. Jordan

2006-01-01

42

Anti-Quorum Sensing Potential of Crude Kigelia africana Fruit Extracts  

PubMed Central

The increasing incidence of multidrug-resistant pathogens has stimulated the search for novel anti-virulence compounds. Although many phytochemicals show promising antimicrobial activity, their power lies in their anti-virulence properties. Thus the quorum sensing (QS) inhibitory activity of four crude Kigelia africana fruit extracts was assessed qualitatively and quantitatively using the Chromobacterium violaceum and Agrobacterium tumefaciens biosensor systems. Inhibition of QS-controlled violacein production in C. violaceum was assayed using the qualitative agar diffusion assay as well as by quantifying violacein inhibition using K. africana extracts ranging from 0.31–8.2 mg/mL. Qualitative modulation of QS activity was investigated using the agar diffusion double ring assay. All four extracts showed varying levels of anti-QS activity with zones of violacein inhibition ranging from 9–10 mm. The effect on violacein inhibition was significant in the following order: hexane > dichloromethane > ethyl acetate > methanol. Inhibition was concentration-dependent, with the ?90% inhibition being obtained with ?1.3 mg/mL of the hexane extract. Both LuxI and LuxR activity were affected by crude extracts suggesting that the phytochemicals target both QS signal and receptor. K. africana extracts with their anti-QS activity, have the potential to be novel therapeutic agents, which might be important in reducing virulence and pathogenicity of drug-resistant bacteria in vivo. PMID:23447012

Chenia, Hafizah Y.

2013-01-01

43

Paratrichodina africana (Ciliophora: Trichodinidae) of wild and cultured Nile tilapia in the Northern Brazil.  

PubMed

The present work morphologically characterizes Paratrichodina africana from the gills of wild and farmed Nile tilapia from Northern Brazil (eastern Amazonia). Ninety fish were captured for parasitological analysis in Macapá, State of Amapá, from a wetland area bathed by the Amazon River commonly called 'Ressaca do Zerão' (n = 52), as well as from a local fish farm (n = 38). Wet smears of the skin and gills of the captured fish were air dried at room temperature and impregnated with silver nitrate by Klein's method for posterior examination of the adhesive disc structures. Total prevalence of parasitism was 16.6% (23% in fish from wetland and 7.8% in farmed fish). Characterized as a small-sized trichodinid, it presented the following measures: 33.2 ± 4.7 µm body diameter, 17.5 ± 2.1 µm adhesive disc, 10.0 ± 0.9 µm denticulate ring, and 22.6 ± 2.0 denticles. Paratrichodina africana reported in this study strongly resembles those described for other localities, but it differs by presenting greater body length. This is the fourth report of P. africana parasitizing a host fish. PMID:23802238

Tavares-Dias, Marcos; Marchiori, Natália da Costa; Martins, Maurício Laterça

2013-01-01

44

The Souls of Black Radical FolkW. E. B. Du Bois, Critical Social Theory, and the State of Africana Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

W. E. B. Du Bois provides an important, though often overlooked, Africana history, culture, and philosophy – informed framework for (a) redeveloping Africana studies and relating it to the crises and conundrums of the 21st century; (b) reconstructing critical social theory, making it more multicultural, transethnic, transgender, and non-Western European–philosophy focused; and (c) reinventing what it means to be an

Reiland Rabaka

2006-01-01

45

CV  

E-print Network

Classes in classical mechanics, electrodynamics, quantum ... Finite-size Scaling for Atomic and Non-equilibrium Systems”. (joint project with ... Title: “Topological charges and the geometry of momentum space”. Oct 13 .... tails and Dirac points.

2014-10-29

46

CV  

E-print Network

Aug 14, 2014 ... Analysis of Biological Networks, A. Jayaraman and J. Hahn, Eds. Boston/London: Artech House, ... Bazil, J.N., Buzzard, G.T., Rundell, A.E., Modeling mitochondrial bioenergetics with integrated ... Classification using Digital Compressive Detection, Analytica Chimica Acta, .... Advanced Services Committee.

2014-08-14

47

Microbiology of the external ear canal in six African elephants (Loxodonta africana).  

PubMed

Samples collected from both external ear canals of six adult female African elephants (Loxodonta africana) were cultured for fungi, yeasts and aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. All the samples produced heavy growths of several aerobic bacteria, but anaerobic bacteria were rare and no fungi or yeasts were isolated. The most common bacterium isolated was Staphylococcus epidermidis, which was cultured from 11 of the 12 ears. Acinetobacter calcoaceticus lwoffi, alpha-haemolytic Streptococcus and Corynebacterium species, and Aeromonas caviae were all isolated from at least six of the 12 ears. PMID:19234325

Chinnadurai, S K; Suedmeyer, W K; Fales, W H

2009-02-21

48

Koray Aydin -CV 1 KORAY AYDIN  

E-print Network

Koray Aydin - CV 1 KORAY AYDIN EDUCATION Ph.D. Physics, Bilkent University 2008 B.S. Physics. Pryce, K. Aydin, R. Briggs, H. A Atwater, Tunable compliant optical metamaterials structures, US Patent Aydin - CV 3 1) K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, "Broadband, polarization

Aydin, Koray

49

Two jacalin-related lectins from seeds of the African breadfruit (Treculia africana L.).  

PubMed

Two jacalin-related lectins (JRLs) were purified by mannose-agarose and melibiose-agarose from seeds of Treculia africana. One is galactose-recognizing JRL (gJRL), named T. africana agglutinin-G (TAA-G), and another one is mannose-recognizing JRL (mJRL), TAA-M. The yields of the two lectins from the seed flour were approximately 7.0 mg/g for gJRL and 7.2 mg/g for mJRL. The primary structure of TAA-G was determined by protein sequencing of lysyl endopeptic peptides and chymotryptic peptides. The sequence identity of TAA-G to other gJRLs was around 70%. Two-residue insertion was found around the sugar-binding sites, compared with the sequences of other gJRLs. Crystallographic studies on other gJRLs have shown that the primary sugar-binding site of gJRLs can accommodate Gal, GalNAc, and GalNAc residue of T-antigen (Gal?1-3GalNAc?-). However, hemagglutination inhibition and glycan array showed that TAA-G did not recognize GalNAc itself and T-antigen. TAA-G preferred melibiose and core 3 O-glycan. PMID:25155899

Shimokawa, Michiko; Nsimba-Lubaki, Shadrack Makuta; Hayashi, Namiko; Minami, Yuji; Yagi, Fumio; Hiemori, Keiko; Tateno, Hiroaki; Hirabayashi, Jun

2014-12-01

50

The habitat use and selection of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in a land use landscape in Kenya, Africa  

E-print Network

The habitat use and selection of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in a land use landscape) to examine how land use and cover types affect the distribution of African elephants in Kenya (2) to determine what land use cover types support larger densities of elephants as a very general indicate

Hansen, Andrew J.

51

Environmental and maternal correlates of foetal sex ratios in the African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) and savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many species exhibit skewed sex ratios at birth. Here we investigate the relationships between environmental and maternal variables (as surrogates for maternal condition) and foetal sex in African buffalo Syncerus caffer and elephant Loxodonta africana of the Kruger National Park, South Africa. Using logistic regression no significant effect was found of year, maternal lactational status, maternal age, rainfall or density

D. R. Visscher; R. J. van Aarde; I. Whyte

2004-01-01

52

Abstract The lactating mammary gland of the African el-ephant (Loxodonta africana) has been studied with a panel  

E-print Network

Abstract The lactating mammary gland of the African el- ephant (Loxodonta africana) has been Mammary gland · Lactation · Secretion · Proliferation · Apoptosis · Milk · African elephant, Loxodonta · Stuart Patton Histo- and cytophysiology of the lactating mammary gland of the African elephant (Loxodonta

Pretoria, University of

53

Conservation Priorities for Prunus africana Defined with the Aid of Spatial Analysis of Genetic Data and Climatic Variables  

PubMed Central

Conservation priorities for Prunus africana, a tree species found across Afromontane regions, which is of great commercial interest internationally and of local value for rural communities, were defined with the aid of spatial analyses applied to a set of georeferenced molecular marker data (chloroplast and nuclear microsatellites) from 32 populations in 9 African countries. Two approaches for the selection of priority populations for conservation were used, differing in the way they optimize representation of intra-specific diversity of P. africana across a minimum number of populations. The first method (S1) was aimed at maximizing genetic diversity of the conservation units and their distinctiveness with regard to climatic conditions, the second method (S2) at optimizing representativeness of the genetic diversity found throughout the species’ range. Populations in East African countries (especially Kenya and Tanzania) were found to be of great conservation value, as suggested by previous findings. These populations are complemented by those in Madagascar and Cameroon. The combination of the two methods for prioritization led to the identification of a set of 6 priority populations. The potential distribution of P. africana was then modeled based on a dataset of 1,500 georeferenced observations. This enabled an assessment of whether the priority populations identified are exposed to threats from agricultural expansion and climate change, and whether they are located within the boundaries of protected areas. The range of the species has been affected by past climate change and the modeled distribution of P. africana indicates that the species is likely to be negatively affected in future, with an expected decrease in distribution by 2050. Based on these insights, further research at the regional and national scale is recommended, in order to strengthen P. africana conservation efforts. PMID:23544118

Vinceti, Barbara; Loo, Judy; Gaisberger, Hannes; van Zonneveld, Maarten J.; Schueler, Silvio; Konrad, Heino; Kadu, Caroline A. C.; Geburek, Thomas

2013-01-01

54

mRNA vaccine CV9103 and CV9104 for the treatment of prostate cancer.  

PubMed

Among currently available vaccine strategies for cancer, nucleotide-based vaccination is an appealing treatment modality. Curevacs' mRNA containing vaccines (RNActive®) combine the beneficial properties of sufficient antigen-expression, autologous immune-stimulation and a high flexibility with respect to production and application. CV9103 and CV9104 are novel RNActive®-derived anticancer vaccines for the treatment of patients with prostate cancer. After successful phase I/II studies with documentation of good tolerability and favorable immune-activation of CV9103, the vaccine CV9104 is currently undergoing clinical testing in specific clinical settings such as castration resistant prostate cancer and as a neoadjuvant agent in men with high risk prostate cancer prior to surgery. This review discusses the available preclinical and clinical data on the anticancer vaccination treatment with RNActive®-derived anticancer-vaccines CV9103 and CV9104. PMID:24999635

Rausch, Steffen; Schwentner, Christian; Stenzl, Arnulf; Bedke, Jens

2014-07-01

55

mRNA vaccine CV9103 and CV9104 for the treatment of prostate cancer.  

PubMed

Among currently available vaccine strategies for cancer, nucleotide-based vaccination is an appealing treatment modality. Curevacs' mRNA containing vaccines (RNActive®) combine the beneficial properties of sufficient antigen-expression, autologous immune-stimulation and a high flexibility with respect to production and application. CV9103 and CV9104 are novel RNActive®-derived anticancer vaccines for the treatment of patients with prostate cancer. After successful phase I/II studies with documentation of good tolerability and favorable immune-activation of CV9103, the vaccine CV9104 is currently undergoing clinical testing in specific clinical settings such as castration resistant prostate cancer and as a neoadjuvant agent in men with high risk prostate cancer prior to surgery. This review discusses the available preclinical and clinical data on the anticancer vaccination treatment with RNActive®-derived anticancer-vaccines CV9103 and CV9104. PMID:25483661

Rausch, Steffen; Schwentner, Christian; Stenzl, Arnulf; Bedke, Jens

2014-07-01

56

[Application of Tiantu (CV 22) in emergency].  

PubMed

The operation and application of Tiantu (CV 22) in emergency are discussed in the paper. The stimulating methods at Tiantu (CV 22) are acupuncture and pressing technique. The correct insertion of needle and proper depth and direction of insertion are required during acupuncture. The pressing technique stress the pressing strength and pressing time. Acupuncture or pressing technique is suitable for the emergent measurement of asthma, asthmatic breathing, coma, blockage of phlegm, hiccup, sore throat, etc. It is indicated that Tiantu (CV 22) is the key point in the emergency and phlegm resolving. Based on the characteristics of the point as promoting qi circulation, reducing the reversed qi and resolving phlegm, in light of the proper points combination by different syndromes and in terms of the correct and safe stimulating methods, Tiantu (CV 22) can achieve the immediate therapeutic effects in the emergent situations. PMID:23967641

Zhu, Xian-Min; Huo, Shang-Fei; Lu, Lu; Wang, Xin-Zhi

2013-06-01

57

African elephants (Loxodonta africana) recognize visual attention from face and body orientation.  

PubMed

How do animals determine when others are able and disposed to receive their communicative signals? In particular, it is futile to make a silent gesture when the intended audience cannot see it. Some non-human primates use the head and body orientation of their audience to infer visual attentiveness when signalling, but whether species relying less on visual information use such cues when producing visual signals is unknown. Here, we test whether African elephants (Loxodonta africana) are sensitive to the visual perspective of a human experimenter. We examined whether the frequency of gestures of head and trunk, produced to request food, was influenced by indications of an experimenter's visual attention. Elephants signalled significantly more towards the experimenter when her face was oriented towards them, except when her body faced away from them. These results suggest that elephants understand the importance of visual attention for effective communication. PMID:25013015

Smet, Anna F; Byrne, Richard W

2014-07-01

58

Year Action IB # Jig HAL CP HAL CV Trawl CP Trawl CV  

E-print Network

CV Rockfish Program Cooperati ves TOTAL TAC ABC OFL for entire GOA 2012 42,705 56,940 104 = Overfishing Level CV = Catcher Vessel CP = Catcher Processor Rockfish Program Cooperatives this allocation for entire GOA 2012 21,024 28,032 104,000 Initial Allocation 315 7,869 4,100 290 497 7,952 Reallocation

59

Characterization of the biosynthetic gene cluster for the oligosaccharide antibiotic, Evernimicin, in Micromonospora carbonacea var. africana ATCC39149  

Microsoft Academic Search

  Evernimicin (EV) belongs to the orthosomycin class of antibiotics and consists of several modified L- and D-deoxysugars containing unusual orthoester and glycosyl linkages and two orsellinic acid groups, one that is halogenated.\\u000a The EV biosynthetic gene cluster from Micromonospora carbonacea var. africana ATCC39149 was localized by hybridization to a dTDP-D-glucose 4,6-dehydratase probe and a 120-kb region containing the EV biosynthetic

T J Hosted; T X Wang; D C Alexander; A C Horan

2001-01-01

60

An efficient system for the production of clonal plantlets of the medicinally important aromatic plant: Salvia africana-lutea L  

Microsoft Academic Search

An in vitro cultivation protocol was developed for S. africana-lutea a species threatened by over collection due to its importance as an aromatic medicinal plant in the Western Cape of South\\u000a Africa. Adventitious shoot induction was most successful using hypocotyls as explants for propagation on Murashige and Skoog\\u000a (Physiol Plant 15:473–497, 1962) medium supplemented with 4.4 ?M BA only; 2.7 ?M NAA

N. P. Makunga; J. van Staden

2008-01-01

61

Sharing fruit of Treculia africana among western gorillas in the Moukalaba-Doudou National Park, Gabon: Preliminary report.  

PubMed

We report the first 18 observed cases of fruit (Treculia africana) transfer among western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in Moukalaba-Doudou National Park, Gabon. The fruit transfer occurred during our observations of a habituated group of gorillas in 2010 and 2013. Pieces of the fruits were transferred among adults and immatures, and three cases involved a silverback male. Once an individual picked up a fallen fruit of Treculia africana, other members of the group approached the possessor, who laid pieces of the fruits nearby and tolerated the others getting them. Agonistic interaction was rarely observed between the possessor and the non-possessor. Only the silverback male seemed to force another gorilla, a subadult male, to relinquish the fruit on the ground. He tolerated an adult female taking a piece of fruit on his leg and copulated with her on the following days. From these preliminary observations, most interactions over the fruit of Treculia africana among western gorillas in Moukalaba were not active transfer by the possessor but probably passive sharing. They were not only interpreted as a means of acquiring foraging skills by immatures (Nowell and Fletcher 2006) but also similar to behaviors observed in chimpanzees and bonobos in various social contexts. PMID:24962665

Yamagiwa, Juichi; Tsubokawa, Keiko; Inoue, Eiji; Ando, Chieko

2015-01-01

62

Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkman: The Overexploitation of a Medicinal Plant Species and Its Legal Context.  

PubMed

Abstract The linkage between herbal medicines and the sustainability of medical plants from which they are manufactured is increasingly being understood and receiving attention through international accords and trade labeling systems. However, little attention is paid to the fair trade aspects of this sector, including the issue of benefit-sharing agreements with traditional societies whose knowledge and resources are being exploited for commercial herbal medicine development and production. This article examines the case of Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkman, from equatorial Africa. While the conservation and cultivation dimension of the trade in P. africana has been much discussed in literature, no research appears to have focused on the traditional resource rights and related ethical dimensions of this trade in traditional medicine of Africa. Serving as a cautionary tale for the unbridled exploitation of medicinal plants, the history of P. africana extraction is considered here in the context of relevant treaties and agreements existing today. These include the Nagoya Protocol, a supplementary agreement to the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights agreement from the World Trade Organization, and two African regional frameworks: the Swakopmund Protocol and the Organisation Africaine de la Propriété Intellectuelle Initiative. In the context of strengthening medicinal plant research in Africa, a novel international capacity-building project on traditional medicines for better public health in Africa will be discussed, illustrating how access and benefit sharing principles might be incorporated in future projects on traditional medicines. PMID:25225776

Bodeker, Gerard; van 't Klooster, Charlotte; Weisbord, Emma

2014-11-01

63

CV (Mercado). February 2005 NORMAN MERCADO SILVA  

E-print Network

CV (Mercado). February 2005 NORMAN MERCADO SILVA Center for Limnology University of Wisconsin - Madison; 2001. PhD: Zoology and Limnology, Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin ­ Madison, 2005 - Postdoctoral Associate. Center for Limnology (University of Wisconsin - Madison) 2004 - 05 Research Assistant

Mercado-Silva, Norman

64

Koray Aydin -CV 1 KORAY AYDIN  

E-print Network

Koray Aydin - CV 1 KORAY AYDIN EDUCATION Ph.D. Physics, Bilkent University 2008 B.S. Physics Handbook, Edited by Filippo Capalino, CRC Press (2009). PATENTS 1) I. Pryce, K. Aydin, R. Briggs, H. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, "Broadband, polarization- independent resonant light absorption using

Aydin, Koray

65

A Preliminary Analysis of the Immunoglobulin Genes in the African Elephant (Loxodonta africana)  

PubMed Central

The genomic organization of the IgH (Immunoglobulin heavy chain), Ig? (Immunoglobulin kappa chain), and Ig? (Immunoglobulin lambda chain) loci in the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) was annotated using available genome data. The elephant IgH locus on scaffold 57 spans over 2,974 kb, and consists of at least 112 VH gene segments, 87 DH gene segments (the largest number in mammals examined so far), six JH gene segments, a single ?, a ? remnant, and eight ? genes (? and ? genes are missing, most likely due to sequence gaps). The Ig? locus, found on three scaffolds (202, 50 and 86), contains a total of 153 V? gene segments, three J? segments, and a single C? gene. Two different transcriptional orientations were determined for these V? gene segments. In contrast, the Ig? locus on scaffold 68 includes 15 V? gene segments, all with the same transcriptional polarity as the downstream J?-C? cluster. These data suggest that the elephant immunoglobulin gene repertoire is highly diverse and complex. Our results provide insights into the immunoglobulin genes in a placental mammal that is evolutionarily distant from humans, mice, and domestic animals. PMID:21364892

Guo, Yongchen; Bao, Yonghua; Wang, Hui; Hu, Xiaoxiang; Zhao, Zhihui; Li, Ning; Zhao, Yaofeng

2011-01-01

66

GPS assessment of the use of exhibit space and resources by African elephants (Loxodonta africana).  

PubMed

In public discussions of animal rights and welfare, we as members and proponents of zoological institutions often face significant challenges addressing the concerns of our detractors due to an unfortunate deficiency in systematically collected and published data on the animals in our collections. In the case of elephants, there has been a paucity of information describing their use of space within captive environments. Here, using collar-mounted GPS recording devices, we documented the use of exhibit space and resources by a herd of five adult female African elephants (Loxodonta africana) housed at Disney's Animal Kingdom((R)). We found that dominant animals within the herd used a greater percentage of the available space and subordinate females avoided narrow or enclosed regions of the enclosure that we termed "restricted flow areas." In their use of other resources, dominant females demonstrated increased occupation of the watering hole over subordinate females, but all females demonstrated relatively equivalent use of the mud wallow. Overall, our results provide preliminary evidence that position within the dominancy hierarchy impacts the percentage of space occupied in a captive setting and may contribute to resource accessibility. These findings can be applied to future decisions on exhibit design and resource distribution for this species. PMID:19418496

Leighty, Katherine A; Soltis, Joseph; Savage, Anne

2010-01-01

67

Nocardia africana sp. nov., a New Pathogen Isolated from Patients with Pulmonary Infections  

PubMed Central

Eight actinomycete strains, isolated from 8 out of 400 sputum samples examined, taken from patients with pulmonary diseases at the Chest Unit of Khartoum Teaching Hospital in the Sudan, were provisionally assigned to the genus Nocardia according to morphological criteria. These isolates were studied further in order to establish their taxonomic status. They were found to have morphological and chemical properties typical of nocardiae and formed a monophyletic clade in the 16S ribosomal DNA tree together with Nocardia vaccinii. The strains showed a unique pattern of phenotypic properties that distinguished them from representatives of recognized Nocardia species, including Nocardia vaccinii. The strains were considered to merit species status and were designated Nocardia africana sp. nov. The findings of the present study are consistent with the view that pulmonary nocardiosis may occur in a substantial proportion of patients who exhibit chronic lung diseases in African countries. It is important, therefore, that clinicians in such countries consider this condition, especially when patients with respiratory infections fail to respond to antitubercular therapy. PMID:11158119

Hamid, Mohamed E.; Maldonado, Luis; Sharaf Eldin, Ghada S.; Mohamed, Maha F.; Saeed, Nageeb S.; Goodfellow, Michael

2001-01-01

68

Microorganisms associated with natural fermentation of Prosopis africana seeds for the production of okpiye.  

PubMed

Okpiye is a food condiment prepared by the fermentation of Prosopis africana seeds. The traditional process for the production and microbiological characteristics of the condiment were investigated. During laboratory fermentation that lasted 96 h, the mesquite seeds underwent a natural fermentation that was characterised by the growth of microorganisms to 10(6)-10(8) cfu/g. Several species of bacteria especially B. subtilis, B. licheniformis, B. megaterium, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Micrococcus spp were found to be the most actively involved organisms. However, significant contributions to the microbial ecology were made by Enterobacter cloacae and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Lactobacillus spp were present in low numbers towards the end of the fermentation. The presence of Proteus and Pseudomonas spp in traditional fermented samples demonstrate the variability which may exist in the microflora of individual fermented samples. Variations in the important microbial groups show that Bacillus spp were the most prevalent species and occurred until the end of fermentation. Temperature, pH and titratable acidity varied with time and were influenced by the metabolic activities of the microorganisms. PMID:1438073

Achi, O K

1992-10-01

69

Assessment of ovarian cycles in the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) by measurement of salivary progesterone metabolites.  

PubMed

Monitoring ovarian cycles through hormonal analysis is important in order to improve breeding management of captive elephants, and non-invasive collection techniques are particularly interesting for this purpose. However, there are some practical difficulties in collecting proper samples, and easier and more practical methods may be an advantage for some institutions and/or some animals. This study describes the development and validation of an enzymeimmunoassay (EIA) for progestins in salivary samples of African elephants, Loxodonta africana. Weekly urinary and salivary samples from five non-pregnant elephant cows aged 7-12 years were obtained for 28 weeks and analyzed using EIA. Both techniques correlated positively (r = 0.799; P < 0.001), and the cycle characteristics obtained were identical. The results clearly show that ovarian cycles can be monitored by measuring progestins from salivary samples in the African elephant. This is a simple and non-invasive method that may be a practical alternative to other sampling methods used in the species. PMID:24610639

Illera, Juan-Carlos; Silván, Gema; Cáceres, Sara; Carbonell, Maria-Dolores; Gerique, Cati; Martínez-Fernández, Leticia; Munro, Coralie; Casares, Miguel

2014-01-01

70

Fine-scale spatial genetic dynamics over the life cycle of the tropical tree Prunus africana.  

PubMed

Studying fine-scale spatial genetic patterns across life stages is a powerful approach to identify ecological processes acting within tree populations. We investigated spatial genetic dynamics across five life stages in the insect-pollinated and vertebrate-dispersed tropical tree Prunus africana in Kakamega Forest, Kenya. Using six highly polymorphic microsatellite loci, we assessed genetic diversity and spatial genetic structure (SGS) from seed rain and seedlings, and different sapling stages to adult trees. We found significant SGS in all stages, potentially caused by limited seed dispersal and high recruitment rates in areas with high light availability. SGS decreased from seed and early seedling stages to older juvenile stages. Interestingly, SGS was stronger in adults than in late juveniles. The initial decrease in SGS was probably driven by both random and non-random thinning of offspring clusters during recruitment. Intergenerational variation in SGS could have been driven by variation in gene flow processes, overlapping generations in the adult stage or local selection. Our study shows that complex sequential processes during recruitment contribute to SGS of tree populations. PMID:24849171

Berens, D G; Braun, C; González-Martínez, S C; Griebeler, E M; Nathan, R; Böhning-Gaese, K

2014-11-01

71

Wild female African elephants (Loxodonta africana) exhibit personality traits of leadership and social integration.  

PubMed

Animal personalities have been demonstrated for almost 200 species, with stable dimensions of responses (aggressive to fearful; shy to bold) across contexts and with a heritable basis to these traits. As a long-lived and highly social species, elephants (Loxodonta africana) were expected to demonstrate complex dimensions to individual characteristics or personalities, which would be obvious to human observers and validated by behavioral observations. We used principal-components analysis of ratings on 26 behavioral adjectives applied to one social unit, coded as the EB family, which has been observed for 38 years. Eleven adult females were rated by four observers and found to have individually variable traits on four dimensions described by principal-components analysis. The first component was associated with effective and confident family leadership. Component 2 was age-related, and defined by playfulness, exploration and high levels of activity, suggesting both an experience and an age-related element to its structure. Component 3 represented gentleness and at its other extreme, aggression, and Component 4 was related to constancy (predictability and popularity), with both of these latter components reflecting social integration. Leadership among elephant females represents the successful negotiation among individual interests, and our components were related to a capacity to affect the behavior of others in the absence of aggressive dominance. The family matriarch, Echo, was high on elements associated with leadership. The importance of the matriarch in this family's success suggests that elements of personality may underlie interfamilial variation in long-term survival and reproduction. PMID:22905995

Lee, Phyllis C; Moss, Cynthia J

2012-08-01

72

A practical anesthesia monitoring protocol for free-ranging adult African elephants (Loxodonta africana).  

PubMed

Twenty free-ranging adult African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in northern Botswana were immobilized with a mean (+/- SD) of 9.5 +/- 0.5 mg etorphine hydrochloride and 2,000 IU hyaluronidase by intramuscular (IM) dart. The mean time to recumbency was 8.7 +/- 2.4 min. All animals were maintained in lateral recumbency. The anesthesia monitoring protocol included cardiothoracic auscultation; palpation of auricular pulse for quality and regularity; checking of rectal temperature, and monitoring of respiratory and heart rates. Results of basic physiologic measurements were similar to those of previous field studies of African elephants immobilized with etorphine or etorphine-hyaluronidase. In addition, continuous real-time pulse rate and percent oxygen saturation of hemoglobin (SpO2) readings were obtained on 16 elephants with a portable pulse oximeter. Duration of pulse oximetry monitoring ranged from 3 to 24 min (mean +/- SD = 8.2 +/- 4.8 min). Differences between minimum and maximum SpO2 values for any given elephant ranged from 1 to 6 percentage points, evidence for relatively stable trends. The SpO2 readings ranged from 70% to 96% among the 16 elephants, with a mean of 87.3 +/- 2.8%. Fifteen of 16 elephants monitored with a pulse oximeter had mean SpO2 values > or = 81 +/- 2.4%, with 11 having mean SpO2 values > or = 85 +/- 1.5%. All 20 animals recovered uneventfully following reversal: diprenorphine at 23.3 +/- 1.5 mg intravenous (IV) with 11.7 +/- 0.5 mg IM, or 24 mg diprenorphine given all IV. PMID:9027693

Osofsky, S A

1997-01-01

73

Eradication of elephant ear mites (Loxoanoetus bassoni) in two African elephants (Loxodonta africana).  

PubMed

Elephant ear mites, not previously described in North America, were eradicated in two African elephants (Loxodonta africana) after six otic instillations of ivermectin at 2-wk intervals. The microscopic examination of a clear, mucoid discharge collected from the external ear canals of two wild-born African elephants housed in a New York State zoo for 25 yr revealed live mites (Loxoaneotus bassoni). The cytologic examination demonstrated no evidence of inflammation or infection. Both elephants were asymptomatic with normal hemograms and serum chemistry panels. A diagnosis of otoacariasis was made. Each elephant was treated six times with 5 ml of 1% ivermectin syrup instilled in each ear canal once every 2 wk. Microscopic examinations of clear mucus collected from each elephant's ear canals 9 days after the first instillation of ivermectin were negative for any life stages of ear mites. Microscopic examinations of mucus collected from both elephants' ear canals at 6, 11, and 16 wk, as well as annually post-treatment for 7 yr, confirmed eradication of the ear mites. The L. bassoni ear mite was first identified in the external ear canals of wild, asymptomatic, lesion-free, African elephants culled in Kruger National Park in South Africa. However, a new species in the same genus of mites (Loxoanoetus lenae) was identified at the necropsy of an 86-yr-old Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) living in a circus in Australia. The autopsy revealed a marked, ballooning distension of bone around the left external acoustic meatus, suggestive of mite-induced otitis externa, as seen in cattle infested with ear mites (Raillieta auris). Elephant health care providers should identify the prevalence of, and consider treatment of, elephants in their care infested with ear mites, given the possible risk for adverse health effects. PMID:22448521

Wyatt, Jeff; DiVincenti, Louis

2012-03-01

74

The structure of the cushions in the feet of African elephants (Loxodonta africana)  

PubMed Central

The uniquely designed limbs of the African elephant, Loxodonta africana, support the weight of the largest terrestrial animal. Besides other morphological peculiarities, the feet are equipped with large subcutaneous cushions which play an important role in distributing forces during weight bearing and in storing or absorbing mechanical forces. Although the cushions have been discussed in the literature and captive elephants, in particular, are frequently affected by foot disorders, precise morphological data are sparse. The cushions in the feet of African elephants were examined by means of standard anatomical and histological techniques, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In both the forelimb and the hindlimb a 6th ray, the prepollex or prehallux, is present. These cartilaginous rods support the metacarpal or metatarsal compartment of the cushions. None of the rays touches the ground directly. The cushions consist of sheets or strands of fibrous connective tissue forming larger metacarpal/metatarsal and digital compartments and smaller chambers which were filled with adipose tissue. The compartments are situated between tarsal, metatarsal, metacarpal bones, proximal phalanges or other structures of the locomotor apparatus covering the bones palmarly/plantarly and the thick sole skin. Within the cushions, collagen, reticulin and elastic fibres are found. In the main parts, vascular supply is good and numerous nerves course within the entire cushion. Vater–Pacinian corpuscles are embedded within the collagenous tissue of the cushions and within the dermis. Meissner corpuscles are found in the dermal papillae of the foot skin. The micromorphology of elephant feet cushions resembles that of digital cushions in cattle or of the foot pads in humans but not that of digital cushions in horses. Besides their important mechanical properties, foot cushions in elephants seem to be very sensitive structures. PMID:17118065

Weissengruber, G E; Egger, G F; Hutchinson, J R; Groenewald, H B; Elsässer, L; Famini, D; Forstenpointner, G

2006-01-01

75

Molecular Characterization of Adipose Tissue in the African Elephant (Loxodonta africana)  

PubMed Central

Adipose tissue (AT) is a dynamic and flexible organ with regulatory roles in physiological functions including metabolism, reproduction and inflammation; secreted adipokines, including leptin, and fatty acids facilitate many of these roles. The African elephant (Loxodonta africana) is experiencing serious challenges to optimal reproduction in captivity. The physiological and molecular basis of this impaired fertility remains unknown. AT production of leptin is a crucial molecular link between nutritional status, adiposity and fertility in many species. We propose that leptin has a similar function in the African elephant. African elephant visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue (AT) was obtained from both sexes and a range of ages including females with known pregnancy status. RNA was extracted and histological sections created and analyzed by microarray, PCR and immunohistochemistry respectively. Gas-chromatography was used to determine the fatty acid composition of AT. Microarray expression profiling was used to compare gene expression profiles of AT from pre-pubertal versus reproductively competent adult African elephants. This study demonstrates, for the first time, leptin mRNA and protein expression in African elephant AT. The derived protein sequence of the elephant leptin protein was exploited to determine its relationship within the class I helical cytokine superfamily, which indicates that elephant leptin is most closely related to the leptin orthologs of Oryctolagus cuniculus (European rabbit), Lepus oiostolus (woolly hare), and members of the Ochotonidae (Pika). Immunohistological analysis identified considerable leptin staining within the cytoplasm of adipocytes. Significant differences in fatty acid profiles between pregnant and non-pregnant animals were revealed, most notably a reduction in both linoleic and ? linoleic acid in pregnant animals. This report forms the basis for future studies to address the effect of nutrient composition and body condition on reproduction in captive and wild elephants. PMID:24633017

Choong, Siew S.; Giles, Thomas C.; Sells, James; May, Sean; Stansfield, Fiona J.; Allen, William R.; Emes, Richard D.; Mostyn, Alison; Mongan, Nigel P.; Yon, Lisa

2014-01-01

76

Disease severity and susceptibility of sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.)] to infection by Claviceps africana Frederickson, Mantle and de Milliano in Mexico and the United States of America  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Experiments were at College Station, USA, and Rio Bravo and Celaya, Mexico, under irrigated conditions during 2002 and 2003. Six sorghum hybrids and three male-sterile lines were planted at each location. Claviceps africana isolates were applied every other morning. Panicles were inoculated using...

77

Potential infection of Claviceps africana Frederickson, Mantle and de Milliano in sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench.] in Mexico and the United States of America  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Experiments were at College Station, USA, and Rio Bravo and Celaya, Mexico, under irrigated conditions during 2002 and 2003. Six sorghum hybrids and three male-sterile lines were planted at each location. Claviceps africana isolates were applied every other morning. Panicles were inoculated using...

78

Diversidad genetica de aislamientos de cornezuelo (Claviceps africana fredrickson, mantle, y de milliano) de sorgo [Sorghum bicolor (l.) moench.] en Mexico  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This study was conducted in Rio Bravo, Tamaulipas, and Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, in which pathogenicity of two isolates of ergot (Claviceps africana) obtained from the same two locations, were evaluated on six hybrids and three male sterile sorghum lines. Also, a genetic variance indicated signif...

79

Seed banks, bark thickness and change in age and size structure (1978–1999) of the African savanna tree, Burkea africana  

Microsoft Academic Search

The population dynamics of the tree, Burkea africana Hook. was assessed within six sites in a nutrient-poor broad-leaf savanna, and seed banks were assessed within three of these sites. Population size and age structure in 1978 (representing the effects of 60 years cattle farming) differed little to those in 1999 (representing 20 years of conservation management). Greatest differences were in

B. G. Wilson; E. T. F. Witkowski

2003-01-01

80

Investigation of minor species Candida africana, Candida stellatoidea and Candida dubliniensis in the Candida albicans complex among Yaoundé (Cameroon) HIV-infected patients.  

PubMed

Minor species of the Candida albicans complex may cause overestimation of the epidemiology of C. albicans, and misidentifications could mask their implication in human pathology. Authors determined the occurrence of minor species of the C. albicans complex (C. africana, C. dubliniensis and C. stellatoidea) among Yaoundé HIV-infected patients, Cameroon. Stool, vaginal discharge, urine and oropharyngeal samples were analysed by mycological diagnosis. Isolates were identified by conventional methods and mass spectrometry (MS; carried out by the matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionisation time-of-flight MS protocol). Candida albicans isolates were thereafter submitted to the PCR amplification of the Hwp1 gene. The susceptibility of isolates to antifungal drugs was tested using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute M27-A3 protocol. From 115 C. albicans obtained isolates, neither C. dubliniensis nor C. stellatoidea was observed; two strains of C. africana (422PV and 448PV) were identified by PCR electrophoretic profiles at 700 bp. These two C. africana strains were vaginal isolates. The isolate 448PV was resistant to ketoconazole at the minimal inhibitory concentration of 2 ?g ml(-1) , and showed reduced susceptibility to amphotericin B at 1 ?g ml(-1) . This first report on C. africana occurrence in Cameroon brings clues for the understanding of the global epidemiology of this yeast as well as that of minor species of the C. albicans complex. PMID:25289589

Ngouana, Thierry K; Krasteva, Donika; Drakulovski, Pascal; Toghueo, Rufin K; Kouanfack, Charles; Ambe, Akaba; Reynes, Jacques; Delaporte, Eric; Boyom, Fabrice F; Mallié, Michèle; Bertout, Sébastien

2015-01-01

81

In vitro studies to assess the antioxidative, radical scavenging and arginase inhibitory potentials of extracts from Artocarpus altilis, Ficus exasperate and Kigelia africana  

PubMed Central

Objective To justify the use of Artocarpus altilis (A. altilis), Ficus exasperata (F. exasperata) and Kigelia africana (K. africana) in ethnomedicine for the treatment of several ailments and to evaluate the in vitro antioxidant, radical scavenging and arginase inhibitory potentials of these herbs and compared with catechin (Standard). Methods Antioxidant activities were determined by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), nitric oxide, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and hydroxyl (OH) radicals scavenging methods. The flavonoids and phenolics content, inhibition of arginase activity, Fe2+/ascorbate-induced lipid peroxidation (LPO) and reducing power were also determined. Results The A. altilis, F. exasperata and K. africana showed dose-dependent and significant scavenging of DPPH, H2O2 and OH radicals in vitro relative to catechin. The A. altilis and F. exasperata effectively scavenged DPPH radical with IC50 of 593 and 635 µg/mL and, OH radical with IC50 of 487 and 514 µg/mL, respectively. The DPPH and OH radicals scavenging activities followed the order A. altilis>F. exasperata>K. africana. In addition, A. altilis and F. exasperata significantly (P<0.05) inhibited LPO in a dose-dependent manner. The A. altilis extract had the most potent inhibitory activity against LPO with 79% relative to catechin (28%) at 750 µg/mL. The reducing power followed the order: A. altilis>Catechin>F. exasperata>K. africana at 1?000 µg/mL. The A. altilis at 500 and 750 µg/mL significantly (P<0.05) inhibited arginase activity by 63% and 67%, respectively. The flavonoids contents were found to be highest in A. altilis. Conclusions Extracts of A. altilis and F. exasperata are potent antioxidative agents with strong radical scavenging activity and inhibition of lipid peroxidation. PMID:25183137

Akanni, Olubukola Oyebimpe; Owumi, Solomon Eduviere; Adaramoye, Oluwatosin Adekunle

2014-01-01

82

Fusarium inhibition by wild populations of the medicinal plant Salvia africana-lutea L. linked to metabolomic profiling  

PubMed Central

Background Salvia africana-lutea L., an important medicinal sage used in the Western Cape (South Africa), can be termed a ‘broad-spectrum remedy’ suggesting the presence of a multiplicity of bioactive metabolites. This study aimed at assessing wild S. africana-lutea populations for chemotypic variation and anti-Fusarium properties. Methods Samples were collected from four wild growing population sites (Yzerfontein, Silwerstroomstrand, Koeberg and Brackenfell) and one garden growing location in Stellenbosch. Their antifungal activities against Fusarium verticillioides (strains: MRC 826 and MRC 8267) and F. proliferatum (strains: MRC 6908 and MRC 7140) that are aggressive mycotoxigenic phytopathogens were compared using an in vitro microdilution assay. To correlate antifungal activity to chemical profiles, three techniques viz. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS); Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) were employed. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was applied to the NMR data. The partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) was used to integrate LC-MS and NMR data sets. All statistics were performed with the SIMCA-P?+?12.0 software. Results The dichloromethane:methanol (1:1; v/v) extracts of the plant species collected from Stellenbosch demonstrated the strongest inhibition of F. verticillioides and F. proliferatum with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of 0.031 mg ml-1 and 0.063 mg ml-1 respectively. GC-MS showed four compounds which were unique to the Stellenbosch extracts. By integrating LC-MS and 1H NMR analyses, large chemotype differences leading to samples grouping by site when a multivariate analysis was performed, suggested strong plant-environment interactions as factors influencing metabolite composition. Signals distinguishing the Stellenbosch profile were in the aromatic part of the 1H NMR spectra. Conclusions This study shows the potential of chemotypes of Salvia africana-lutea in controlling fungal growth and consequently mycotoxin production. Products for use in the agricultural sector may be developed from such chemotypes. PMID:24621275

2014-01-01

83

Attenuation of oxidative stress in U937 cells by polyphenolic-rich bark fractions of Burkea africana and Syzygium cordatum  

PubMed Central

Background Oxidative stress has been implicated in the progression of various diseases, which may result in the depletion of endogenous antioxidants. Exogenous supplementation with antioxidants could result in increased protection against oxidative stress. As concerns have been raised regarding synthetic antioxidant usage, the identification of alternative treatments is justified. The aim of the present study was to determine the antioxidant efficacy of Burkea africana and Syzygium cordatum bark extracts in an in vitro oxidative stress model. Methods Cytotoxicity of crude aqueous and methanolic extracts, as well as polyphenolic-rich fractions, was determined in C2C12 myoblasts, 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes, normal human dermal fibroblasts and U937 macrophage-like cells using the neutral red uptake assay. Polyphenolic content was determined using the Folin-Ciocalteau and aluminium trichloride assays, and antioxidant activity using the Trolox Equivalence Antioxidant Capacity and DPPH assays. The extracts efficacy against oxidative stress in AAPH-exposed U937 cells was assessed with regards to reactive oxygen species generation, cytotoxicity, apoptosis, lipid peroxidation and reduced glutathione depletion. Results B. africana and S. cordatum showed enrichment of polyphenols from the aqueous extract, to methanolic extract, to polyphenolic-rich fractions. Antioxidant activity followed the same trend, which correlated well with the increased concentration of polyphenols, and was between two- to three-fold stronger than the Trolox antioxidant control. Both plants had superior activity compared to ascorbic acid in the DPPH assay. Polyphenolic-rich fractions were most toxic to the 3T3-L1 (IC50’s between 13 and 21 ?g/ml) and C2C12 (IC50’s approximately 25 ?g/ml) cell lines, but were not cytotoxic in the U937 and normal human dermal fibroblasts cultures. Free radical-induced generation of reactive oxygen species (up to 80%), cytotoxicity (up to 20%), lipid peroxidation (up to 200%) and apoptosis (up to 60%) was successfully reduced by crude extracts of B. africana and the polyphenolic-rich fractions of both plants. The crude extracts of S. cordatum were not as effective in reducing cytotoxic parameters. Conclusion Although oxidative stress was attenuated in U937 cells, cytotoxicity was observed in the 3T3-L1 and C2C12 cell lines. Further isolation and purification of polyphenolic-fractions could increase the potential use of these extracts as supplements by decreasing cytotoxicity and maintaining antioxidant quality. PMID:23714009

2013-01-01

84

Divergent pattern of nuclear genetic diversity across the range of the Afromontane Prunus africana mirrors variable climate of African highlands  

PubMed Central

Background and Aims Afromontane forest ecosystems share a high similarity of plant and animal biodiversity, although they occur mainly on isolated mountain massifs throughout the continent. This resemblance has long provoked questions on former wider distribution of Afromontane forests. In this study Prunus africana (one of the character trees of Afromontane forests) is used as a model for understanding the biogeography of this vegetation zone. Methods Thirty natural populations from nine African countries covering a large part of Afromontane regions were analysed using six nuclear microsatellites. Standard population genetic analysis as well as Bayesian and maximum likelihood models were used to infer genetic diversity, population differentiation, barriers to gene flow, and recent and all migration among populations. Key Results Prunus africana exhibits strong divergence among five main Afromontane regions: West Africa, East Africa west of the Eastern Rift Valley (ERV), East Africa east of the ERV, southern Africa and Madagascar. The strongest divergence was evident between Madagascar and continental Africa. Populations from West Africa showed high similarity with East African populations west of the ERV, whereas populations east of the ERV are closely related to populations of southern Africa, respectively. Conclusions The observed patterns indicate divergent population history across the continent most likely associated to Pleistocene changes in climatic conditions. The high genetic similarity between populations of West Africa with population of East Africa west of the ERV is in agreement with faunistic and floristic patterns and provides further evidence for a historical migration route. Contrasting estimates of recent and historical gene flow indicate a shift of the main barrier to gene flow from the Lake Victoria basin to the ERV, highlighting the dynamic environmental and evolutionary history of the region. PMID:23250908

Kadu, Caroline A. C.; Konrad, Heino; Schueler, Silvio; Muluvi, Geoffrey M.; Eyog-Matig, Oscar; Muchugi, Alice; Williams, Vivienne L.; Ramamonjisoa, Lolona; Kapinga, Consolatha; Foahom, Bernard; Katsvanga, Cuthbert; Hafashimana, David; Obama, Crisantos; Geburek, Thomas

2013-01-01

85

Rachel E. Pepper CV 1 of 4 Rachel E. Pepper  

E-print Network

Rachel E. Pepper ­ CV ­ 1 of 4 Rachel E. Pepper University of California at Berkeley, 1005 Valley://spot.colorado.edu/~pepperr · e-mail: rachel.pepper@berkeley.edu EDUCATION Harvard University (Cambridge, MA) Ph.D., Physics University, 2005-2009 Graduate Researcher Advisor: Howard A. Stone #12;Rachel E. Pepper ­ CV ­ 2 of 4 Thesis

Koehl, Mimi

86

A New CV3 Chondrite Find  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new meteorite find from West Texas, U.S.A., is a CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. The provisional name of Red Bluff has been proposed to the Nomenclature Committee by R. Farrell. Red Bluff consists of chondrules (56.4%), CAIs (8.3%), amoboid olivine aggregates (0.6%), mineral fragments (0.8%), and Ca-Al chondrules (0.4%) in a fine-grained, clay-rich matrix (33.1%). Chondrules in Red Bluff are spherical to irregular in shape, and from 0.25-3.5 mm diameter in thin section; the average diameter is 0.95 mm, with standard deviation of 0.6 mm (69 chondrules). Three of the chondrules are distinctly larger than the rest; without these three, the average diameter is 0.86 mm (s.d. 0.4 mm). The chondrules are almost all of type I (Fe-poor), as shown by cathodoluminescence and chemical analyses; most are also rich in opaques. Compositions of chondrule olivines average Fa1.9+-1.2 (s.d.); compositions of chondrule pyroxenes average Fs3.4+-3.3 (s.d.). Chondrule varieties include porphyritic olivine, microporphyritic olivine, granular olivine, macroporphyritic olivine, barred olivine, and rare extracentroradial pyroxene (0.25 mm diam.) [1,2]. Two calcium-aluminum chondrules were observed. The largest, 1.5 mm diam., contains spinel, plagioclase, and fassaite, and includes a circular spinel palisade [3]. The other Ca-Al chondrule is within a coarse-grained CAI, and could also be a well-developed spinel palisade [3]. Fine- and coarse-grained CAIs are present but have been studied little; most appear to be type B (melilite+pyroxene+plagioclase). Red Bluff's matrix is composed of fine-grained clay, with minor olivine, "limonite," troilite, and Fe metal. Alignment of grains and oxide-rich streaks in the matrix mark a planar fabric that wraps around chondrules and inclusions. Chondrules are commonly surrounded by shells of dark red alteration, darker than the bulk of matrix material. Red Bluff is weathered. It is stained red by oxidized iron minerals, which are most common as veinlets (after Fe metal or troilite?) and as rinds around Fe metal and troilite. The matrix clays may have formed during weathering of an olivine matrix similar to that of Allende. However, Fe metal and troilite remain common, both occluded within silicates and as discrete grains in the matrix. Cracks in Red Bluff are partially filled by minute, euhedral carbonate crystals. Red Bluff's exterior is coated with desert varnish (light-brown anisotropic film composed of many fine laminae); the varnish fills void space in one carbonate-rich veinlet. Classification Red Bluff's petrography, mineralogy, and mineral chemistry fall within the range of known CV3s [4]. Most characteristic are the proportion of matrix (33%) and the size of chondrules (avg ~1 mm), which are consistent with CV and inconsistent with known CI, CO, CM, CR, and CK chondrites. The proportions of CAIs, Ca-Al chondrules, and mineral fragments are also consistent with known CVs. The presence of type 1 and type 2 chondrules, and the variations in olivine compositions among type 1 chondrules implies that Red Bluff is of metamorphic grade 3. Compared to other CV3s, Red Bluff has rather little matrix and rather magnesian silicate minerals [4]. Red Bluff does not appear to be paired with known CV3s, and in fact none are known from West Texas [5]; the closest CV3 fall or find is Leoville (KS) [5]. This work was conducted under an NRC Fellowships to Treiman (senior) and DeHart (regular). We are grateful to R. Farrell for the meteorite sample, data on its source, and its proposed name. [1] Scott E. R. D. and Taylor G. J. (1983) Proc. 14 LPSC, B275. [2] Jones R. (1992) GCA 56, 467. [3] Wark D. A. and Lovering J. F. (1982) GCA 46, 2595. [4] McSween H. Y. Jr. (1977) GCA 71, 1777. [5] Graham et al. (1985) Catalog of Meteorites.

Treiman, A. H.; Dehart, J. M.

1992-07-01

87

Complete genome sequence of the halophilic bacterium Spirochaeta africana type strain (Z-7692T) from the alkaline Lake Magadi in the East African Rift  

PubMed Central

Spirochaeta africana Zhilina et al. 1996 is an anaerobic, aerotolerant, spiral-shaped bacterium that is motile via periplasmic flagella. The type strain of the species, Z-7692T, was isolated in 1993 or earlier from a bacterial bloom in the brine under the trona layer in a shallow lagoon of the alkaline equatorial Lake Magadi in Kenya. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the complete genome sequence, and annotation. Considering the pending reclassification of S. caldaria to the genus Treponema, S. africana is only the second 'true' member of the genus Spirochaeta with a genome-sequenced type strain to be published. The 3,285,855 bp long genome of strain Z-7692T with its 2,817 protein-coding and 57 RNA genes is a part of the G enomic E ncyclopedia of B acteria and A rchaea project. PMID:23991249

Liolos, Konstantinos; Abt, Birte; Scheuner, Carmen; Teshima, Hazuki; Held, Brittany; Lapidus, Alla; Nolan, Matt; Lucas, Susan; Deshpande, Shweta; Cheng, Jan-Fang; Tapia, Roxanne; Goodwin, Lynne A.; Pitluck, Sam; Pagani, Ioanna; Ivanova, Natalia; Mavromatis, Konstantinos; Mikhailova, Natalia; Huntemann, Marcel; Pati, Amrita; Chen, Amy; Palaniappan, Krishna; Land, Miriam; Rohde, Manfred; Tindall, Brian J.; Detter, John C.; Göker, Markus; Bristow, James; Eisen, Jonathan A.; Markowitz, Victor; Hugenholtz, Philip; Woyke, Tanja; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Kyrpides, Nikos C.

2013-01-01

88

Diel vertical migrations and feeding behavior of the mysid Rhopalophthalmus africana (Crustacea: Mysidacea) in a tropical lagoon (Ebrié, Côte d'Ivoire)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Time-series sampling, gut content analysis, gut fluorescence measurements, and experiments on feeding, respiration and ammonia excretion were performed at a fixed station (4.5 m depth) on four occasions (from 1990 to 1997) to evaluate the impact of mysids on phytoplankton and zooplankton in a tropical brackish lagoon. Rhopalophthalmus africana, the dominant species, exhibited marked upward migrations at night. Grazing experiments showed that R. africana did not consume sestonic particles in most cases. Predation experiments showed that R. africana actively consumed zooplankton and selected prey according to their size and/or their abundance. The predation rate increased linearly with increasing prey concentration and did not taper at highest prey concentration. A low metabolic oxygen to nitrogen ratio (O/N, 5-13 at:at) reinforced the assumption of a relatively permanent carnivory. Nocturnal increase in gut fullness suggests night-time feeding, but relatively high gut fluorescence during the day, resulting mainly from a fluorimetric tracing of animal prey, suggested also a diurnal ingestion of zooplankton items concentrated near the bottom. The daily grazing impact of R. africana on phytoplankton was very low (0.14% of the in situ chlorophyll concentration), whereas its daily nutrient recycling through excretion (8-15% of the in situ NH 4 concentration) was rather high. The predation impact (33-154% of the zooplankton production) was high and suggests an important role of mysids to explain the low zooplankton/phytoplankton biomass ratio and the low transfer efficiency observed within the food chain of the western part of Ebrié Lagoon.

Kouassi, Ernest; Pagano, Marc; Saint-Jean, Lucien; Sorbe, Jean Claude

2006-04-01

89

CV-Muzar Using a Multiagent System for Group Formation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this paper is to present two agents’ societies responsible for group formation (sub-communities) in CV-Muzar (Augusto Ruschi Zoobotanical Museum Virtual Community of the University of Passo Fundo). The first is a static society that intends to investigate the groups in the CV-Muzar. The second is a dynamical society that will analyze the existing groups and look for participants that have common subjects in order to constitute a sub-community. The formation of sub-communities is a new module within the CV-Muzar that intends to bring the participants together according to two scopes: similarity of interests and knowledge complementarities.

de Marchi, Ana Carolina Bertoletti; Moraes, Márcia Cristina; Testa, Cristiane Durigon

90

ASAS-SN Discovery of a Likely CV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the ongoing All Sky Automated Survey for SuperNovae (ASAS-SN or "Assassin"), using data from the quadruple 14-cm "Brutus" telescope in Haleakala, Hawaii, we discovered a new transient source, likely a CV.

Davis, A. B.; Shappee, Bart; Shappee, B. J.; Will, D.; Simonian, G.; Stanek, K. Z.; Holoien, T. W.-S.; Kochanek, C. S.; Basu, U.; Gross, N.; Beacom, J. F.; Prieto, J. L.; Bersier, D.; Brimacombe, J.; Dong, Subo; Wozniak, P. R.; Szczygiel, D.; Pojmanski, G.

2014-12-01

91

Micropropagation of sour cherry ( Prunus cerasus L.) cv. Šumadinka  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sour cherry cv. Šumadinka (Prunus cerasus L.) is the leading Yugoslav cultivar for production orchards. A method of micropropagation has been developed for the purpose of growing ‘Šumadinka’ on its own roots and for rapid multiplication.

Radosav Cerovi?; Djurdina Ruži?

1987-01-01

92

R. MICHAEL YOUNG CV MAY 2014 R. Michael Young  

E-print Network

!1 R. MICHAEL YOUNG CV MAY 2014 R. Michael Young Professor Department of Computer Science Campus://liquidnarrative.csc.ncsu.edu/rmy/ ! BIOGRAPHIC SUMMARY ! Michael Young is a Professor of Computer Science at North Carolina State University

Young, R. Michael

93

Garca CV/p1 Dana M. Garca  

E-print Network

Foundation Graduate Fellow GRANTS #12;García CV/p2 Current 2003-2005 NSF (IBN 0235523) RUI: Pigment Granule (IBN 0077666) RUI: Pigment Granule Dispersion in Teleost Retinal Pigment Epithelium: Cholinergic

Aspbury, Andrea S. - Department of Biology, Texas State University

94

Comments on duck circovirus (DuCV) genotype definition.  

PubMed

A standardised methodology has been used to define genotypes based on pairwise sequence comparisons (PASC). PASC is a widely accepted method in virus taxonomy, which is based on the histogram of pairwised differences among sequences. Recently, Zhang et al. (2013) concluded that the average p-distance of duck circovirus (DuCV) between genotypes 1 and 2 was 0.170, and subtype distance thresholds were 0.032 in DuCV-1 and 0.018 in DuCV-2, respectively. However, there might be some concerns on the methodology application to define the genotype of DuCV. Taking into account the concerns mentioned above, our authors conducted the PASC analyses of 54 capsid gene (ORF2) and genomic sequences including all the sequences from Zhang et al. (2013). Our results confirmed the existence of two DuCV genotypes (1 and 2) and, we suggest that DuCV ORF2 and genomic distance genotype thresholds were 0.061 and 0.038, respectively. PMID:24418697

Wen, Huiqiang; Wu, Yongshu; Yang, Chao; Zhang, Xiaona; Lian, Chuanjiang; Chen, Hongyan; Han, Lingxia

2014-03-15

95

Two cases of atypical mycobacteriosis caused by Mycobacterium szulgai associated with mortality in captive African elephants (Loxodonta africana).  

PubMed

Mycobacterium szulgai was associated with mortality in two captive African elephants (Loxodonta africana) housed at Lincoln Park Zoo. The first elephant presented with severe, acute lameness of the left rear limb. Despite extensive treatments, the animal collapsed and died 13 mo after initial presentation. Necropsy revealed osteomyelitis with loss of the femoral head and acetabulum and pulmonary granulomas with intralesional M. szulgai. The second elephant collapsed during transport to another institution with no premonitory clinical signs. This animal was euthanized because of prolonged recumbency. Granulomatous pneumonia with intralesional M. szulgai was found at necropsy. Two novel immunoassays performed on banked serum samples detected antibody responses to mycobacterial antigens in both infected elephants. It was not possible to determine when the infection was established or how the elephants were infected. When reviewing the epidemiology of this organism in humans, however, transmission between elephants seemed unlikely because human-to-human transmission of this organism has never been reported and a third elephant in the herd was not affected. In addition to Mycobacterium bovis and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, atypical mycobacterial organisms need to be considered potentially pathogenic in elephants. PMID:17469283

Lacasse, Claude; Terio, Karen; Kinsel, Michael J; Farina, Lisa L; Travis, Dominic A; Greenwald, Rena; Lyashchenko, Konstantin P; Miller, Michele; Gamble, Kathryn C

2007-03-01

96

Elephant (Loxodonta africana) Home Ranges in Sabi Sand Reserve and Kruger National Park: A Five-Year Satellite Tracking Study  

PubMed Central

During a five-year GPS satellite tracking study in Sabi Sand Reserve (SSR) and Kruger National Park (KNP) we monitored the daily movements of an elephant cow (Loxodonta africana) from September 2003 to August 2008. The study animal was confirmed to be part of a group of seven elephants therefore her position is representative of the matriarchal group. We found that the study animal did not use habitat randomly and confirmed strong seasonal fidelity to its summer and winter five-year home ranges. The cow's summer home range was in KNP in an area more than four times that of her SSR winter home range. She exhibited clear park habitation with up to three visits per year travelling via a well-defined northern or southern corridor. There was a positive correlation between the daily distance the elephant walked and minimum daily temperature and the elephant was significantly closer to rivers and artificial waterholes than would be expected if it were moving randomly in KNP and SSR. Transect lines established through the home ranges were surveyed to further understand the fine scale of the landscape and vegetation representative of the home ranges. PMID:19065264

Thomas, Bindi; Holland, John D.; Minot, Edward O.

2008-01-01

97

Activation and inhibition of thermosensitive TRP channels by voacangine, an alkaloid present in Voacanga africana, an African tree.  

PubMed

Voacangine (1) is an alkaloid found in the root bark of Voacanga africana. Our previous work has suggested that 1 is a novel transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) antagonist. In this study, the agonist and antagonist activities of 1 were examined against thermosensitive TRP channels. Channel activity was evaluated mainly using TRP channel-expressing HEK cells and calcium imaging. Herein, it was shown that 1 acts as an antagonist for TRPV1 and TRPM8 but as an agonist for TRPA1 (EC50, 8 ?M). The compound competitively blocked capsaicin binding to TRPV1 (IC50, 50 ?M). Voacangine (1) competitively inhibited the binding of menthol to TRPM8 (IC50, 9 ?M), but it showed noncompetitive inhibition against icilin (IC50, 7 ?M). Moreover, the compound selectively abrogated chemical agonist-induced TRPM8 activation and did not affect cold-induced activation. Among these effects, the TRPM8 inhibition profile is unique and noteworthy, because to date no studies have reported a menthol competitive inhibitor of TRPM8 derived from a natural source. Furthermore, this is the first report of a stimulus-selective TRPM8 antagonist. Accordingly, 1 may contribute to the development of a novel class of stimulus-selective TRPM8 blockers. PMID:24484240

Terada, Yuko; Horie, Syunji; Takayama, Hiromitsu; Uchida, Kunitoshi; Tominaga, Makoto; Watanabe, Tatsuo

2014-02-28

98

Phoretic interaction between the kangaroo leech Marsupiobdella africana (Hirudinea: Glossiphoniidae) and the cape river crab Potamonautes perlatus (Decapoda: Potamonautidae)?  

PubMed Central

The South African leech Marsupiobdella africana is a temporary ectoparasite of the amphibian Xenopus laevis, has a phoretic association with a freshwater crab Potamonautes perlatus, and exhibits advanced parental care by incubating its offspring in a brood pouch. Because phoretic associations are usually regarded to favor the phoront’s dispersion, its occurrence within the biology of a parasitic species reflects an intimate context of interactions. In addition to phoresy, attachment to the crab may confer other advantages pertaining to offspring development and predator avoidance, dispersion and the parasitic life cycle. Two ponds where amphibian and crab hosts co-occur were sampled twice a month for a period of 1 year. The population dynamics of the leeches and their use of specific microhabitats as attachment sites on the crabs were also investigated. Results indicate a direct relationship between intra-specific variation in the sex ratio among captured crab hosts and the number of leeches recruited over time. The attachments to specific microhabitats on the hard surfaces of the host suggest a proximal proximate anti-predatory strategy. Finally, the importance of oxygen accessibility for the offspring development has been investigated experimentally. Results revealed a remarkable network of interactions linking all partners of this system raising the question as to whether the crabs merely act as a vehicle or play a role within the parasitic life cycle. PMID:24918071

Badets, Mathieu; Preez, Louis Du

2013-01-01

99

Prolactin in the Afrotheria: characterization of genes encoding prolactin in elephant (Loxodonta africana), hyrax (Procavia capensis) and tenrec (Echinops telfairi).  

PubMed

Pituitary prolactin shows an episodic pattern of molecular evolution, with occasional short bursts of rapid change imposed on a generally rather slow evolutionary rate. In mammals, episodes of rapid change occurred in the evolution of primates, cetartiodactyls, rodents and the elephant. The bursts of rapid evolution in cetartiodactyls and rodents were followed by duplications of the prolactin gene that gave rise to large families of prolactin-related proteins including placental lactogens, while in primates the burst was followed by corresponding duplications of the related GH gene. The position in elephant is less clear. Extensive data relating to the genomic sequences of elephant and two additional members of the group Afrotheria are now available, and have been used here to characterize the prolactin genes in these species and explore whether additional prolactin-related genes are present. The results confirm the rapid evolution of elephant (Loxodonta africana) prolactin - the sequence of elephant prolactin is substantially different from that predicted for the ancestral placental mammal. Hyrax (Procavia capensis) prolactin is even more divergent but tenrec (Echinops telfairi) prolactin is strongly conserved. No evidence was obtained from searches of public databases for additional genes encoding prolactin-like proteins in any of these species. Detailed analysis of evolutionary rates, and other factors, indicates that the episode of rapid change in hyrax, and probably elephant, was adaptive, though the nature of the associated biological change(s) is not clear. PMID:19017712

Wallis, Michael

2009-02-01

100

Characterization of a Novel Polyomavirus Isolated from a Fibroma on the Trunk of an African Elephant (Loxodonta africana)  

PubMed Central

Viruses of the family Polyomaviridae infect a wide variety of avian and mammalian hosts with a broad spectrum of outcomes including asymptomatic infection, acute systemic disease, and tumor induction. In this study a novel polyomavirus, the African elephant polyomavirus 1 (AelPyV-1) found in a protruding hyperplastic fibrous lesion on the trunk of an African elephant (Loxodonta africana) was characterized. The AelPyV-1 genome is 5722 bp in size and is one of the largest polyomaviruses characterized to date. Analysis of the AelPyV-1 genome reveals five putative open-reading frames coding for the classic small and large T antigens in the early region, and the VP1, VP2 and VP3 capsid proteins in the late region. In the area preceding the VP2 start codon three putative open-reading frames, possibly coding for an agnoprotein, could be localized. A regulatory, non-coding region separates the 2 coding regions. Unique for polyomaviruses is the presence of a second 854 bp long non-coding region between the end of the early region and the end of the late region. Based on maximum likelihood phylogenetic analyses of the large T antigen of the AelPyV-1 and 61 other polyomavirus sequences, AelPyV-1 clusters within a heterogeneous group of polyomaviruses that have been isolated from bats, new world primates and rodents. PMID:24205012

Stevens, Hans; Bertelsen, Mads Frost; Sijmons, Steven; Van Ranst, Marc; Maes, Piet

2013-01-01

101

The Social and Ecological Integration of Captive-Raised Adolescent Male African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) into a Wild Population  

PubMed Central

Background A rapid rise in the number of captive African elephants (Loxodonta africana) used in the tourism industry in southern Africa and orphaned elephants in human care has led to concerns about their long-term management, particularly males. One solution is to release them into the wild at adolescence, when young males naturally leave their herd. However, this raises significant welfare concerns: little is known about how well released elephants integrate into wild populations and whether they pose a greater threat to humans than wild elephants. We document the release of three captive-raised adolescent male African elephants in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Methodology/Principal Findings Despite having been part of a herd of working elephants for at least eight years, the three males progressively integrated into the complex fission-fusion society of wild bull elephants. In the three years following release, they showed no tendency to be closer to human habitation, and there were no significant differences between wild and captive-raised adolescent males in the total number of social interactions, size of ranges and habitat use. However, the captive-raised elephants sparred less and vocalised more, and spent more time alone and in smaller social groups. Thereafter the released elephants continued to expand their ranges and interact with both mixed-sex herds and males. One male was shot by farmers 94 months after release, along with ten wild elephants, on a ranch outside the protected area. Conclusions/Significance We show that captive-raised adolescent male elephants can integrate into a wild population. Long-term studies are required to determine the longevity, breeding success, and eventual fate of released male elephants, but we identified no significant short-term welfare problems for the released elephants or recipient population. Release of captive-raised mammals with complex social systems is a husbandry option that should be explored further. PMID:23437076

Evans, Kate; Moore, Randall; Harris, Stephen

2013-01-01

102

Micrografting of pistachio (Pistacia vera L. cv. Mateur)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A successful micrografting technique was developed for Pistacia vera. High levels of graft union were achieved when shoots from Stage II cultures of four-year-old P. vera. cv. Mateur were grafted onto in vitro-raised seedling rootstocks. Light and fluorescence microscopy investigations revealed that vascular continuity was established across grafts by three weeks.

A. Abousalim; S. H. Mantell

1992-01-01

103

Shane J. Macfarlan CV Shane J. Macfarlan, Ph.D.  

E-print Network

Shane J. Macfarlan CV 1 Shane J. Macfarlan, Ph.D. 14204 NE Salmon Creek Ave. Department and Research Interests Geographic Regions: Latin America, Caribbean, Dominica, and Baja California Sur, Mexico and Statistical Methods; History of Anthropological Theory; Philosophy of Science; Globalization & Contemporary

104

Rachel E. Pepper CV 1 of 5 Rachel E. Pepper  

E-print Network

Rachel E. Pepper ­ CV ­ 1 of 5 Rachel E. Pepper University of California Berkeley, 1005 Valley Life Sciences Bldg #3140, Berkeley CA 94720-3140 cell: 617-272-5914 · web: ib.berkeley.edu/labs/koehl/pepper/pepper.html · e-mail: rachel.pepper@berkeley.edu EDUCATION Harvard University (Cambridge, MA) Ph.D., Physics

Koehl, Mimi

105

Rachel E. Pepper CV 1 of 5 Rachel E. Pepper  

E-print Network

Rachel E. Pepper ­ CV ­ 1 of 5 Rachel E. Pepper University of California at Berkeley, 1005 Valley Life Sciences Bldg #3140, Berkeley CA 94720-3140 cell: 617-272-5914 · web: ib.berkeley.edu/labs/koehl/pepper/pepper.html · e-mail: rachel.pepper@berkeley.edu EDUCATION Harvard University (Cambridge, MA) Ph.D., Physics

Koehl, Mimi

106

Nematodes associated with pawpaw (cv. homestead) in Nsukka, Nigeria.  

PubMed

In field and greenhouse experiments, Meloidogyne javanica caused symptomatic damage to pawpaw (cv. Homestead). Other important nematodes to which pawpaw seemed a good host included Pratylenchus spp., Rotylenchus reniformis, Helioctylenchus spp., and Tylenchulus martini. Pawpaw appeared as a poor host to Scutellonema clatbricaudatum and Hoplolaimus pararobustus. Fusarium sp. was isolated from the plant roots. PMID:7342958

Ogbuji, R O

1981-01-01

107

CV Marianne Espeland Marianne Espeland, PhD  

E-print Network

CV Marianne Espeland Marianne Espeland, PhD Museum of Comparative Zoology, Room 401c, Harvard@fas.harvard.edu Current position Harvard University. Museum of Comparative Zoology and Department of Organismic and Evolutionary biology. Postdoctoral fellow Education Oct. 2010 Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in systematic zoology

Espeland, Marianne

108

Individual Responsiveness to Information in CV Surveys : Commitment Matters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper enquires into the responsiveness of individuals to information in Contingent Valuation (CV). The impact of information is assessed using a sequential procedure in which individuals are successively presented with different levels of information. Two different types of information have been provided: scientific information about the good and information about the willingness to pay (WTP) values of the other

Olivier Chanel; Susan Cleary; Stéphane Luchini

2007-01-01

109

Ana M. Leon CV-2014 1 Revised: August 2014  

E-print Network

, 2010 Award, Women Making History: The Faculty Women Prominence Project, University of Central #12;AnaAna M. Leon CV-2014 1 Revised: August 2014 CURRICULUM VITAE Ana M. Leon, Ph.D, L.C.S.W. Professor Office Phone (407) 823-6195 Fax: (407) 823-5697 E-mail: Ana.Leon@ucf.edu EDUCATION: 1992 New York

Foroosh, Hassan

110

David Keith, Academic CV (Feb-13) Page 1 David Keith  

E-print Network

sensitivity to solar PV. Environmental impacts of energy technologies including the development of Canada #12;David Keith, Academic CV (Feb-13) Page 2 impact of large-scale wind power; and most recently of Calgary, Canada Research Chair in Energy and the Environment; Director and Professor, ISEEE Energy

111

Axtell, a new CV3 chondrite find from Texas  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a previously unreported meteorite found in Axtell, Texas, in 1943. Based on the mineralogical composition and texture of its matrix and the sizes and abundance of chondrules, we classify it as a CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. The dominant opaque phase in the chondrules is magnetite, and that in refractory inclusions is Ni-rich metal (awaruite). Axtell, therefore, belongs to the

S. B. Simon; L. Grossman; I. Casanova; S. Symes; P. Benoit; D. W. G. Sears; J. F. Wacker

1995-01-01

112

Computational simulation of CV combination preferences in babbling  

PubMed Central

There is a tendency for spoken consonant-vowel (CV) syllables, in babbling in particular, to show preferred combinations: labial consonants with central vowels, alveolars with front, and velars with back. This pattern was first described by MacNeilage and Davis, who found the evidence compatible with their “frame-then-content” (F/C) model. F/C postulates that CV syllables in babbling are produced with no control of the tongue (and therefore effectively random tongue positions) but systematic oscillation of the jaw. Articulatory Phonology (AP; Browman & Goldstein) predicts that CV preferences will depend on the degree of synergy of tongue movements for the C and V. We present computational modeling of both accounts using articulatory synthesis. Simulations found better correlations between patterns in babbling and the AP account than with the F/C model. These results indicate that the underlying assumptions of the F/C model are not supported and that the AP account provides a better and account with broader coverage by showing that articulatory synergies influence all CV syllables, not just the most common ones. PMID:24496111

Nam, Hosung; Goldstein, Louis M.; Giulivi, Sara; Levitt, Andrea G.; Whalen, D. H.

2013-01-01

113

Cuervo, Andrs M. -CV ANDRS M. CUERVO, Ph.D.  

E-print Network

Cuervo, Andrés M. - CV 1 ANDR�S M. CUERVO, Ph.D. Curriculum Vitae (version 15-advisor), Bryan C. Carstens, Michael Hellberg, Frederick H. Sheldon, and Alan Afton. M undergraduate biology student. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales [College

Cuervo, Andrés

114

Effects of paclobutrazol on avocado (Persea americana Mill.) cv. ‘Fuerte’  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adato, I., 1990. Effects of paclobutrazol on avocado (Persea americana Mill. ) cv. 'Fuerte'. Scientia Hortic., 45:105-115. Mature avocado trees (Persea americana Mill. ) of cultivar 'Fuerte' were sprayed with Cultar ~, a commercial formulation containing 25% paclobutrazol (ICI, U.K.). Hand spraying of individual trees before or at the flowering stage resulted in an increase in the number of harvested

I. Adato

1990-01-01

115

Boost Your CV! Training, Volunteering, Careers and Further Study  

E-print Network

Boost Your CV! Training, Volunteering, Careers and Further Study Training There are many opportunities to receive valuable free training from the University and the Students' Union. LLR training such as NOW and MS Office training, Referencing and dissertation research tips, plus training in some web

Evans, Paul

116

Indirect Moxibustion (CV4 and CV8) Ameliorates Chronic Fatigue: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Study  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objectives The antifatigue effect of indirect moxibustion and its antioxidant properties were investigated. Subjects and design A randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial was performed with 44 patients who had idiopathic chronic fatigue. The subjects were treated with a placebo or moxibustion (indirect moxibustion on CV4 and CV8 3 times per week for 4 weeks), and their fatigue severity was monitored using a self-rating numeric scale (NRS) and a visual analog scale (VAS). Serum level of reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde (MDA), total antioxidant capacity, the activity of catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione reductase and total glutathione content, were determined before initial moxibustion therapy and after the 12th moxibustion treatment. Results The moxibustion group had a significantly lower fatigue severity score compared to the control for both the NRS (p<0.05) and VAS scores (p<0.01). The level of serum MDA was significantly lower in the moxibustion group than in the placebo group (p<0.05), whereas glutathione reductase activity and total glutathione content increased significantly following moxibustion (p<0.05). Conclusions The results provide clinical evidence for an antifatigue effect of indirect moxibustion at CV4 and CV8 and suggest that the effect is due to the antioxidant properties of moxibustion. PMID:22757691

Kim, Hyeong Geug; Yoo, Sa Ra; Park, Hye Jung

2013-01-01

117

Study of MnO2 Coverage on Ta Capacitors with High CV Powders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of high CV tantalum powders (>100k CV\\/g) in solid tantalum capacitors (STCs) has become one of the main goals of Ta capacitors manufacturers. The systems developed on the last years allowed a coverage increase for products with high CV powders and reliability enhancement. However, an important gap still remains unexplored being nowadays the current opportunity. This will allow

D. Dias; R. Monteiro; C. Mota-Caetano; E. Fortunatoe Pimentel

118

Recurrence of hyperprolactinemia and continuation of ovarian acyclicity in captive African elephants (Loxodonta africana) treated with cabergoline.  

PubMed

Hyperprolactinemia is associated with reproductive acyclicity in zoo African elephants (Loxodonta africana) and may contribute to the non-self-sustainability of the captive population in North America. It is a common cause of infertility in women and other mammals and can be treated with the dopamine agonist cabergoline. The objectives of this study were to assess prolactin responses to cabergoline treatment in hyperprolactinemic, acyclic African elephants and to determine the subsequent impact on ovarian cyclic activity. Five elephants, diagnosed as hyperprolactinemic (>11 ng/ml prolactin) and acyclic (maintenance of baseline progestagens for at least 1 yr), were treated with 1-2 mg cabergoline orally twice weekly for 16-82 wk. Cabergoline reduced (P < 0.05) serum prolactin concentrations during the treatment period compared to pretreatment levels in four of five elephants (11.5 +/- 3.2 vs. 9.1 +/- 3.4 ng/ml; 20.3 +/- 16.7 vs. 7.9 +/- 9.8 ng/ml; 26.4 +/- 15.0 vs. 6.8 +/- 1.5 ng/ml; 42.2 +/- 22.6 vs. 18.6 +/- 8.9 ng/ml). However, none of the females resumed ovarian cyclicity based on serum progestagen analyses up to 1 yr posttreatment. In addition, within 1 to 6 wk after cessation of oral cabergoline, serum prolactin concentrations returned to concentrations that were as high as or higher than before treatment (P < 0.05). One elephant that exhibited the highest pretreatment prolactin concentration (75.2 +/- 10.5 ng/ml) did not respond to cabergoline and maintained elevated levels throughout the study. Thus, oral cabergoline administration reduced prolactin concentrations in elephants with hyperprolactinemia, but there was no resumption of ovarian cyclicity, and a significant prolactin rebound effect was observed. It is possible that higher doses or longer treatment intervals may be required for cabergoline treatment to result in permanent suppression of prolactin secretion and to mitigate associated ovarian cycle problems. PMID:25314824

Morfeld, Kari A; Ball, Ray L; Brown, Janine L

2014-09-01

119

Axtrell, a new CV3 chondrite find from Texas  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We describe a previously unreported meteorite found in Axtell, Texas, in 1943. Based on the mineralogical composition and texture of its matrix and the sizes and abundance of chondrules, we classify it as a CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. The dominant opaque phase in the chondrules is magnetite, and that in refractory inclusions is Ni-rich metal (awaruite). Axtell, therefore, belongs to the oxidized subgroup of CV3 chondrites, although unlike Allende it escaped strong sulfidation. The meteorite bears a strong textural resemblance to Allende, and its chondrule population and matrix appear to be quite similar to those of Allende, but its refractory inclusions, thermoluminescence properties, and cosmogenic Co-60 abundances are not. Our data are consistent with a terrestrial age for Axtell of approximately 100 years and a metamorphic grade slightly lower than that of Allende.

Simon, S. B.; Grossman, L.; Casanova, I.; Symes, S.; Benoit, P.; Sears, D. W. G.; Wacker, J. F.

1995-01-01

120

CV Carlos Chesevar Diciembre 2009 Pg. 1 Carlos Ivn Chesevar  

E-print Network

CV Carlos Chesñevar ­Diciembre 2009 Pág. 1 Carlos Iván Chesñevar Curriculum Vitae 1. Datos personales Apellido y nombres : Chesñevar, Carlos Iván Fecha de nacimiento : 20 de julio de 1969. Lugar de/Fax (Universidad) : +54 ­ 291 ­ 459 5135 extensión 2603 / 459 5136 Dirección laboral : Departamento de Cs. e Ing

Maguitman, Ana Gabriela

121

[Total parenteral nutrition and the usefulness of CV ports].  

PubMed

Management of nutrition in cancer patients plays an important role in supporting anti-cancer treatment. Parenteral nutrition is considered to assist with nutrition in cancer patients. Central venous catheters(CVC)are useful for intravenous infusion of not only nutrients with high osmotic pressure but also chemotherapeutic drugs and other substances. Central venous access through CV ports reduces patient's burden and complications, and it contributes to maintaining a patient's quality of life(QOL). PMID:25335701

Washizawa, Naohiro; Yajima, Satoshi; Otsuka, Yuichiro; Koike, Junichi; Watanabe, Masashi; Kaneko, Hironori

2014-10-01

122

Ultrastructure and germination of Vitis vinifera cv. Loureiro pollen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary.  The cultivar Loureiro of Vitis vinifera is one of the most economically important, recommended in almost the totality of the Região Demarcada dos Vinhos Verdes.\\u000a In vineyards, the grape productivity of this cultivar is normal while in others it is extremely low. The aim of this work\\u000a was to study the morphology and germination of Vitis vinifera cv. Loureiro pollen

I. Abreu; I. Costa; M. Oliveira; M. Cunha; R. de Castro

2006-01-01

123

Do chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) use cleavers and anvils to fracture Treculia africana fruits? Preliminary data on a new form of percussive technology.  

PubMed

Wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) are renowned for their use of tools in activities ranging from foraging to social interactions. Different populations across Africa vary in their tool use repertoires, giving rise to cultural variation. We report a new type of percussive technology in food processing by chimpanzees in the Nimba Mountains, Guinea: Treculia fracturing. Chimpanzees appear to use stone and wooden "cleavers" as tools, as well as stone outcrop "anvils" as substrate to fracture the large and fibrous fruits of Treculia africana, a rare but prized food source. This newly described form of percussive technology is distinctive, as the apparent aim is not to extract an embedded food item, as is the case in nut cracking, baobab smashing, or pestle pounding, but rather to reduce a large food item to manageably sized pieces. Furthermore, these preliminary data provide the first evidence of chimpanzees using two types of percussive technology for the same purpose. PMID:19967575

Koops, Kathelijne; McGrew, William C; Matsuzawa, Tetsuro

2010-04-01

124

Epidemiology and genetic characteristics of pigeon circovirus (PiCV) in eastern China.  

PubMed

Pigeon circovirus (PiCV) is one of four viruses in the family Circoviridae that affect young pigeons around the world. We collected 158 serum or tissue samples from six poultry farms in eastern China to investigate the prevalence and genetic characteristics of PiCV in Chinese pigeons. We tested for PiCV using a PCR assay and found that PiCV was present in 80.7 % (88/109) of diseased pigeons and 63.3 % (31/49) of healthy pigeons; overall, 75.3 % (119/158) of samples were PiCV positive. One PiCV-positive sample from each poultry farm was randomly chosen for amplification of the complete PiCV genome by inverse primer PCR (IP-PCR). The six genomic PiCV strains were designated as AHBZ (KJ704801), HBLF-E2 (KJ704802), JSJN (KJ704803), NJPK-21 (KJ704804), SDDZ (KJ704805) and SHWH-AB4 (KJ704806). We compared these new PiCV genomes to six publicly available PiCV genomes and found that the Rep and Cap genes had sequence identity ranging from 93.8 % to 100 % and 79.1 % to 100 %, respectively. In a phylogenetic analysis, PiCV and eight other members of the genus Circovirus were sister to chicken anemia virus (CAV), the only member of genus Gyrovirus. The results of this study provide evidence that PiCV is present in Chinese pigeons at a high rate and that PiCV is a viral lineage that is distinct from CAV. PMID:25348272

Zhang, Zhicheng; Dai, Wei; Wang, Shaohui; Dai, Dingzhen

2015-01-01

125

Africana Studies Film Studies  

E-print Network

CENTER EVENT OVAL Anthropology Dance Economics Human Rights Studies Physical Education Political Science COURTYARD LEHMAN LAWN Architecture Art History Classics & Ancient Studies Music Philosophy Religion DIANA Computer Science Environmental Science Mathematics Physics & Astronomy Statistics In the event of rain

126

Callus formation from Malus x domestica cv. 'Jonathan' protoplasts.  

PubMed

Protoplasts could be successfully isolated and cultured from callus and suspension cultures of Malus xdomestica cv. 'Jonathan'. Protoplast-derived colonies were recovered when the osmoticum (glucose) was gradually reduced in semi-solid 8p medium or by the use of feeder plates. Formation of embryo-like structures was induced from the protoplast-derived callus on media supplemented with IAA and BA. These structures formed roots but plants failed to develop. Protoplasts could be isolated from leaves, but not from stems or petioles. The leaf protoplasts failed to divide. PMID:24253471

Kouider, M; Hauptmann, R; Widholm, J M; Skirvin, R M; Korban, S S

1984-08-01

127

Magnetic CVs in the UCT CCD CV Survey  

E-print Network

An overview is given of all the magnetic CVs found in the UCT CCD CV Survey (Woudt & Warner 2001, 2002, 2003a). We have identified eight new candidate Intermediate Polars (IP), of which six are classical novae (RR Cha, DD Cir, AP Cru, V697 Sco, V373 Sct, and RX J1039.7-0507). The two other candidate IPs are Aqr1 (2236+0052) and RX J0944.5+0357. In addition, there are two probable Polars, namely V351 Pup (= Nova Puppis 1991) and FIRST J102347.6+003841.

Woudt, P A; Woudt, Patrick A.; Warner, Brian

2003-01-01

128

Properties of NAC and CV[NAC] for Energy Models  

E-print Network

for many linear energy models of the form E = a + bT and a large range of temperature data sets. Define TL, as in Fels [1], to be the long-term average temperature (30 years is recommended). Then recall that the parameters a, b, and NAC for the model E = a...ESL-TR-93/05-03 Properties of CV [NAC] for Linear Energy Models David K. Ruch Sam Houston State University k Energy Systems Laboratory May 1993 1. Introduction and Notation The stability of the NAC estimate for the PRISM model has been shown em...

Ruch, D. K.

1993-01-01

129

Odour-active compounds in banana fruit cv. Giant Cavendish.  

PubMed

Application of solid-phase microextraction, simultaneous distillation-extraction and liquid-liquid extraction, combined with GC-FID, GC-MS, aroma extract dilution analysis, and odour activity value were used to analyse volatile compounds from banana fruit cv. Giant Cavendish and to estimate the most odour-active compounds. The analyses led to the identification of 146 compounds, 124 of them were positively identified. Thirty-one odourants were considered as odour-active compounds and contribute to the typical banana aroma, eleven of them are reported for the first time as odour-active compounds. PMID:23790849

Pino, Jorge A; Febles, Yanet

2013-11-15

130

Odour-active compounds in papaya fruit cv. Red Maradol.  

PubMed

Application of solid-phase microextraction and simultaneous distillation-extraction combined with GC-FID, GC-MS, aroma extract dilution analysis, and odour activity value were used to analyse volatile compounds from papaya fruit cv. Red Maradol and to estimate the most odour-active compounds. The analyses led to the identification of 137 compounds; 118 of them were positively identified. Twenty-five odorants were considered as odour-active compounds and contribute to the typical papaya aroma, from which ethyl butanoate, benzyl isothiocyanate, 1-hexen-3-one, (E)-?-ionone, and methyl benzoate were the most odour-active compounds. PMID:24176322

Pino, Jorge A

2014-03-01

131

Some physical, pomological and nutritional properties of kiwifruit cv. Hayward.  

PubMed

In this research, several physical, pomological and nutritional properties that are important for the design of equipments for harvesting, processing, transportation, sorting, separation and packaging of kiwifruit cv. Hayward grown in the Black Sea region of Turkey were determined. The fruit characteristics ranged from 72.28 g for average fruit weight, 59.41, 46.28 and 42.87 mm for fruit length, width and thickness, 49.03 mm for the geometric mean diameter, 0.825% for sphericity and 66.52 cm(3) for the volume of fruit, respectively. The bulk density, fruit density and porosity were determined as 575.27 kg/m(3), 1,093 kg/m(3) and 47.13%. The highest coefficient of static friction was obtained on plywood as 0.190, followed by polyethylene, rubber and galvanized steel sheet as 0.173, 0.163 and 0.158, respectively. The total soluble solid content, acidity, vitamin C, ash and total nitrogen content of kiwifruit cv. Hayward were 7.32%, 1.64%, 108 mg/100g, 0.71 g/100 g and 0.84%, respectively. The fresh fruits have 1.09 mg/100g total chlorophylls and flesh color data represented as L, a and b were 57.18, 17.25 and 37.46, respectively. PMID:17710584

Celik, Ahmet; Ercisli, Sezai; Turgut, Nihat

2007-09-01

132

The All-Sky Automated Survey for Supernovae CV Patrol  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Even in the modern era, only human eyes scan the entire optical sky for the violent, variable, and transient events that shape our universe. The "All Sky Automated Survey for Supernovae" (ASAS-SN or "Assassin") is changing this by monitoring the extra-galactic sky down to V~17 mag every 2-3 days using multiple telescopes, hosted by Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, in the northern and southern hemispheres. By far the most common events observed by ASAS-SN are the Galactic transients. Since April 2013 ASAS-SN has identified over 180 new cataclysmic variable stars and announced over 260 new outbursts of known CVs. To make our data available to the CV community in 'real time', we have launched an automated 'CV Patrol' to monitor known CVs for outbursts as a useful tool for both professional and amateurs astronomers. It is a long term goal of ASAS-SN to make all our data public in real-time, and this patrol will serve as a framework for future ASAS-SN data releases.

Davis, Alexandra Bianca; Shappee, Benjamin John; Archer Shappee, Bartlett; ASAS-SN

2015-01-01

133

Antimicrobial Activity and Probable Mechanisms of Action of Medicinal Plants of Kenya: Withania somnifera, Warbugia ugandensis, Prunus africana and Plectrunthus barbatus  

PubMed Central

Withania somnifera, Warbugia ugandensis, Prunus africana and Plectrunthus barbatus are used traditionally in Kenya for treatment of microbial infections and cancer. Information on their use is available, but scientific data on their bioactivity, safety and mechanisms of action is still scanty. A study was conducted on the effect of organic extracts of these plants on both bacterial and fungal strains, and their mechanisms of action. Extracts were evaluated through the disc diffusion assay. Bacteria and yeast test strains were cultured on Mueller-Hinton agar and on Sabouraud dextrose agar for the filamentous fungi. A 0.5 McFarland standard suspension was prepared. Sterile paper discs 6 mm in diameter impregnated with 10 µl of the test extract (100 mg/ml) were aseptically placed onto the surface of the inoculated media. Chloramphenicol (30 µg) and fluconazole (25 µg) were used as standards. Discs impregnated with dissolution medium were used as controls. Activity of the extracts was expressed according to zone of inhibition diameter. MIC was determined at 0.78–100 mg/ml. Safety studies were carried using Cell Counting Kit 8 cell proliferation assay protocol. To evaluate extracts mechanisms of action, IEC-6 cells and RT-PCR technique was employed in vitro to evaluate Interleukin 7 cytokine. Investigated plants extracts have both bactericidal and fungicidal activity. W. ugandensis is cytotoxic at IC50<50 µg/ml with MIC values of less than 0.78 mg/ml. Prunus africana shuts down expression of IL 7 mRNA at 50 µg/ml. W. somnifera has the best antimicrobial (1.5625 mg/ml), immunopotentiation (2 times IL 7 mRNA expression) and safety level (IC50>200 µg/ml). Fractions from W. ugandensis and W. somnifera too demonstrated antimicrobial activity. Mechanisms of action can largely be attributed to cytotoxicity, Gene silencing and immunopotentiation. Use of medicinal plants in traditional medicine has been justified and possible mechanisms of action demonstrated. Studies to isolate and characterize the bioactive constituents continue. PMID:23785437

Mwitari, Peter G.; Ayeka, Peter A.; Ondicho, Joyce; Matu, Esther N.; Bii, Christine C.

2013-01-01

134

1 G. E. Bebout C.V. 05/13 Curriculum Vitae  

E-print Network

-86. Grove, M., Bebout, G. E., Jacobson, C. E., Barth, A. P., Kimbrough, D. L., King, R. L., Zou, H., Lovera1 G. E. Bebout C.V. ­ 05/13 Curriculum Vitae Gray E. Bebout, Professor Work Address: Department;2 G. E. Bebout C.V. ­ 05/13 Editing Projects Underway 2011 - Special issue of ELEMENTS (Geochemical

Bebout, Gray E.

135

Chondrule Magnetizations in the Allende CV Chondrite and Implications for the Dynamo of the CV Parent Body  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many early-accreting planetesimals larger than several tens of km in diameter underwent extensive interior melting and differentiation. Advection in the molten metallic cores of these planetesimals may have generated magnetic dynamos. Remanent magnetization preserved in meteorites can reveal the past presence of core dynamo fields and therefore a metallic core on their parent bodies. Furthermore, the meteoritic magnetic record can constrain the duration of the dynamo, providing insight into the thermal evolution of the parent planetesimal. Carporzen et al. (2011) argued that bulk samples of the Allende CV carbonaceous chondrite carry a unidirectional partial thermoremanent magnetization (pTRM) blocked up to ~290C. They interpreted this magnetization as recording a magnetic core dynamo on the CV parent body. However, the previous study provided no constraints on the duration of the dynamo and did not characterize the magnetic recording in each component of the Allende meteorite. We conducted paleomagnetic experiments on 23 mutually oriented individual Allende chondrules and matrix samples. We also studied mutually oriented subsamples of 9 of these chondrules. We found that Allende chondrules can be divided into two distinct classes based on their natural remanent magnetization (NRM). Class A chondrules carry a strong low temperature overprint parallel to that of bulk Allende and matrix material that also unblocks at ~290C. Class B chondrules do not carry this low temperature overprint and exhibit randomly oriented NRMs. Electron microprobe analysis and thermal demagnetization of saturation remanence showed that magnetic phases in both Class A and Class B chondrules are likely products of parent body metasomatism. We infer that the random magnetization of Class B chondrules as well as the magnetization blocked above 290C in Class A chondrules and matrix material is a chemical remanent magnetization that resulted in randomly oriented remanence at the sub-millimeter scale. Allende chondrules therefore do not carry pre-accretional magnetization. The presence of a unidirectional pTRM overprint in Class A chondrules and matrix material but not in Class B chondrules requires a process that removed the pTRM overprint in Class B chondrules after its acquisition. We infer that, while all Allende components experienced metasomatic recrystallization of their magnetic phases, Class A chondrules completed this process before the pTRM event while Class B chondrules underwent metasomatism after the pTRM event. Furthermore, the random magnetization directions of Class B chondrules may suggest that a stable dynamo field no longer existed during the period of aqueous alteration, thereby constraining the lifetime of the CV parent body dynamo to less than several tens of My.

Weiss, B. P.; Fu, R. R.

2012-12-01

136

Solution NMR Structure of Hypothetical Protein CV_2116 Encoded by a Viral Prophage Element in Chromobacterium violaceum  

SciTech Connect

CV{_}2116 from Chromobacterium violaceum is a small hypothetical protein of 82 amino acids. A PSI-BLAST search using the CV{_}2116 protein sequence as a query identified only two hits, both with amino acid sequence identities of less than 40%. After the CV{_}2116 gene was cloned into the p15TvLic expression plasmid and transformed into E. coli, the desired CV{_}2116 protein was expressed and purified. A high quality solution structure of CV{_}2116 was determined by NMR spectroscopy. The tertiary structure of CV{_}2116 adopts a novel alpha + beta fold containing two anti-parallel beta sheets and one alpha helix in the C-terminal end. CV{_}2116 does not belong to any known protein sequence families and no similar structures exist in the protein data bank. To date, no function of CV{_}2116 can be derived from either sequence or structural similarity searches.

Yang, Yunhuang; Ramelot, Theresa A.; Cort, John R.; Garcia, Maite; Yee, Adelinda; Arrowsmith, Cheryl H.; Kennedy, Michael A.

2012-06-14

137

Seed Development in Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv Seminole  

PubMed Central

Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv Seminole pods removed from the plant continued their development when incubated in suitable conditions. Seeds continued to grow and develop and pods and seeds passed through an apparently normal developmental sequence to dryness. Seed growth was at the expense of pod dry weight (DW) reserves. Losses of pod DW paralleled DW gains by seeds in detached pods and in pod cylinders containing a seed. The transfer activity was apparent only within the period 10 to 30 days after anthesis (DAA) with maximal activity between 15 to 20 DAA. This period corresponds to maximum pod growth and the attainment of maximal DW. Seeds are in only the early phase of seed growth at this time. No DW transfer was observed at developmental stages beyond 30 to 35 DAA when normal senescence DW losses in pods became evident and seeds were in the later phase of seed fill. Pods or pod cylinders remained green and succulent over the transfer period, later passing through yellowing and drying phases characteristic of normal development. DW transfer was dependent on funicle integrity and was readily detectable in pod cylinders after 7 days incubation. The DW transfer activity may contribute to continuing nutrition of seeds under conditions where the normal assimilate supply to seeds becomes limiting. Defoliation and water stress treatments applied to Phaseolus plants reduced seed yields but allowed persistence of seed maturation processes such that all seeds developing to dryness were capable of germination. PMID:16666535

Fountain, David W.; Outred, Heather A.; Holdsworth, Jacqueline M.; Thomas, Roderick G.

1989-01-01

138

Morphological Analyses of Spring Wheat (CIMMYT cv. PCYT-10) Somaclones  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives of this study were to induce callus from single immature wheat embryos, produce multiple seedlings from the induced callus, and analyse the somaclonal regenerants for potential grain production in a space garden. Immature wheat, Triticum aestivum L. (cv. PCYT-10), embryos were excised 10 to 12 days post-anthesis and cultured on modified Murashige and Skoog's inorganic salts. Embryos cultured on medium containing kinetin (6-furfurylaminopurine) at 0.5mg/l plus 2 or 3mg/l dicamba (1-methoxy-3,6- dichlorobenzoic acid) or 0.2mg/l 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid produced calli from which 24, 35 and 39% of the explant tissue exhibited regenerants, respectively. The size of flag leaves, plant heights, tillers per plant, spike lengths, awn lengths, and seeds per spike were significantly different in regenerants of two-selfed recurrent generations (SC(sub 1), SC(sub 2)) than in parental controls. However, there were no significant differences in spikelets per spike between the SC(sub 2) and parental controls. Desirable characteristics that were obtained included longer spikes, more seeds per spike, supernumerary spikelets, and larger flag leaves, variants that should be useful in wheat improvement programs.

Campbell, W. F.; Carman, J. G.; Hashim, Z. N.

1990-01-01

139

Remote sensing of the link between arable field and elephant ( Loxodonta africana) distribution change along a tsetse eradication gradient in the Zambezi valley, Zimbabwe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigated whether the proportion of remotely sensed arable fields increased along a tsetse eradication gradient in the Sebungwe region. We also investigated whether and to what extent this increase in arable fields affected the distribution of the African elephant ( Loxodonta africana) between the 1980s and 1990s. Results showed a relatively higher increase in the proportion of arable fields in the zone cleared of tsetse by 1986 compared to the zone that was still tsetse infested by the same date. Results also showed contrasting patterns in the relationship between the proportion of the habitat under arable fields and elephant distribution between the two periods. Specifically, in the 1980s, when arable field cover was between 0% and 11%, there was a weak ( p > 0.05) positive relationship between elephant presence and the proportion of the habitat under arable fields. In contrast, a significant ( p < 0.05) negative relationship emerged in the 1990s, when arable field cover ranged between 0% and 88%. Furthermore, the results demonstrated that the change in the probability of elephant presence between the early 1980s and the early 1990s was significantly ( p < 0.05) related to the change in the proportion arable fields. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that the expansion of arable fields in the Sebungwe was greater in areas where tsetse had been eradicated compared with areas that were still tsetse infested. Overall, the results suggest that using remotely sensed data, we can conclude that tsetse eradication led to the redistribution of elephants in response to arable field expansion.

Murwira, Amon; Skidmore, Andrew K.; Huizing, H. J. G.; Prins, H. H. T.

140

THE BANANA PROJECT. V. MISALIGNED AND PRECESSING STELLAR ROTATION AXES IN CV VELORUM  

E-print Network

As part of the Binaries Are Not Always Neatly Aligned project (BANANA), we have found that the eclipsing binary CV Velorum has misaligned rotation axes. Based on our analysis of the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect, we find ...

Albrecht, Simon

141

Full split C-V method for parameter extraction in ultra thin BOX FDSOI MOS devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The feasibility of full split C-V method in ultra-thin body and BOX (UTBB) FDSOI devices is demonstrated, emphasizing the usefulness of gate-to-bulk capacitance. The split C-V measurements carried out on both gate-to-channel and gate-to-bulk mode are shown to be consistent with TCAD simulation. This enabled us to propose an improved parameter extraction methodology for the whole vertical FDSOI stack from gate to substrate using back biasing effect.

Shin, Minju; Shi, Ming; Mouis, Mireille; Cros, Antoine; Josse, Emmanuel; Kim, Gyu-Tae; Ghibaudo, Gérard

2014-09-01

142

Chamobtusin A, a novel skeleton diterpenoid alkaloid from Chamaecyparis obtusa cv. tetragon.  

PubMed

The novel diterpenoid alkaloid chamobtusin A (1) was isolated from the branches and leaves of Chamaecyparis obtusa cv. tetragon. Its structure and relative stereochemistry were mainly determined by MS, 2D NMR, and X-ray methods. The methanol extracts, total alkaloids of C. obtusa cv. tetragon, and chamobtusin A were tested for their cytotoxicities against A549 and K562 human tumor cell lines. PMID:17894506

Zhang, Yu-Mei; Tan, Ning-Hua; Lu, Yang; Chang, Ying; Jia, Rui-Rui

2007-10-25

143

1 G. E. Bebout C.V. 9/14 Curriculum Vitae  

E-print Network

on ScienceDirect), p. 39-86. Grove, M., Bebout, G. E., Jacobson, C. E., Barth, A. P., Kimbrough, D. L., King1 G. E. Bebout C.V. ­ 9/14 Curriculum Vitae Gray E. Bebout, Professor Work Address: Department Cartigny, IPGP, Paris). This issue was published in Octo- ber, 2013. #12;2 G. E. Bebout C.V. ­ 9

Bebout, Gray E.

144

Detoxification of microcystin-LR in water by Portulaca oleracea cv.  

PubMed

Microcystin-LR (0.02 ?g/ml) in the hydroculture medium of Portulaca oleracea cv., became below the detection level (<0.0001 ?g/ml) by HPLC analysis after 7 days. The toxicity of microcystin estimated with protein phosphatase inhibition assay, however, remained at 37% of the initial level, indicating that microcystin-LR was transformed by P. oleracea cv. into unknown compound(s) of lower toxicity. PMID:23999063

Isobe, Takatoshi; Okuhata, Hiroshi; Miyasaka, Hitoshi; Jeon, Bong-Seok; Park, Ho-Dong

2014-03-01

145

Cyclovirus CyCV-VN species distribution is not limited to Vietnam and extends to Africa.  

PubMed

Cycloviruses, small ssDNA viruses of the Circoviridae family, have been identified in the cerebrospinal fluid from symptomatic human patients. One of these species, cyclovirus-Vietnam (CyCV-VN), was shown to be restricted to central and southern Vietnam. Here we report the detection of CyCV-VN species in stool samples from pigs and humans from Africa, far beyond their supposed limited geographic distribution. PMID:25518947

Garigliany, Mutien-Marie; Hagen, Ralf Matthias; Frickmann, Hagen; May, Jürgen; Schwarz, Norbert Georg; Perse, Amanda; Jöst, Hanna; Börstler, Jessica; Shahhosseini, Nariman; Desmecht, Daniel; Mbunkah, Herbert Afegenwi; Daniel, Achukwi Mbunkah; Kingsley, Manchang Tanyi; de Mendonca Campos, Renata; de Paula, Vanessa Salete; Randriamampionona, Njary; Poppert, Sven; Tannich, Egbert; Rakotozandrindrainy, Raphael; Cadar, Daniel; Schmidt-Chanasit, Jonas

2014-01-01

146

Properties of a cationic peroxidase from Citrus jambhiri cv. Adalia.  

PubMed

The major pool of peroxidase activity is present in the peel of some Egyptian citrus species and cultivars compared to the juice and pulp. Citrus jambhiri cv. Adalia had the highest peroxidase activity among the examined species. Four anionic and one cationic peroxidase isoenzymes from C. jambhiri were detected using the purification procedure including ammonium sulfate precipitation, chromatography on diethylaminoethanol-cellulose, carboxymethyl-cellulose, and Sephacryl S-200 columns. Cationic peroxidase POII is proved to be pure, and its molecular weight was 56 kDa. A study of substrate specificity identified the physiological role of POII, which catalyzed the oxidation of some phenolic substrates in the order of o-phenylenediamine > guaiacol > o-dianisidine > pyrogallol > catechol. The kinetic parameters (K (m), V (max), and V (max)/K (m)) of POII for hydrolysis toward H2O2 and electron donor substrates were studied. The enzyme had pH and temperature optima at 5.5 and 40 degrees C, respectively. POII was stable at 10-40 degrees C and unstable above 50 degrees C. The thermal inactivation profile of POII is biphasic and characterized by a rapid decline in activity on exposure to heat. The most of POII activity (70-80%) was lost at 50, 60, and 70 degrees C after 15, 10, and 5 min of incubation, respectively. Most of the examined metal ions had a very slight effect on POII except of Li+, Zn2+, and Hg2+, which had partial inhibitory effects. In the present study, the instability of peroxidase above 50 degrees C makes the high temperature short time treatment very efficient for the inactivation of peel peroxidase contaminated in orange juice to avoid the formation of off-flavors. PMID:18633734

Mohamed, Saleh A; El-Badry, Mohamed O; Drees, Ehab A; Fahmy, Afaf S

2008-08-01

147

Evaluation of antitranspirants on creeping bentgrass (Agrostis palustris Huds., cv. 'Penncros') and bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. X Cynodon transvaalensis Burtt-Davy, cv. 'Tifway')  

E-print Network

on red fescue (Festuca rubra L. cv. S-59) (3). PMA decreased transpiration rates 20/ by reducing stomatal aperture, with- out reducing the shoot growth rate, but with an increase of 1. 6 C in leaf temperature. Applications of PMA at this concentration...

Stahnke, Gwen Kristine

1981-01-01

148

CV-Muzar - The Virtual Community Environment that Uses Multiagent Systems for Formation of Groups  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this chapter is to present two agents' societies responsible for group formation (sub-communities) in CV-Muzar (Augusto Ruschi Zoobotanical Museum Virtual Community of the University of Passo Fundo). These societies are integrated to execute a data mining classification process. The first society is a static society that intends preprocessing data, investigating the information about groups in the CV-Muzar. The second society is a dynamical society that will make a classification process by analyzing the existing groups and look for participants that have common subjects in order to constitute a sub-community. The formation of sub-communities is a new functionality within the CV-Muzar that intends to bring the participants together according to two scopes: interest similarity and knowledge complementarities.

de Marchi, Ana Carolina Bertoletti; Moraes, Márcia Cristina

149

An amoeboid olivine inclusion (AOI) in CK3 NWA 1559, comparison to AOIs in CV3 Allende, and the origin of AOIs in CK and CV chondrites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An amoeboid olivine inclusion in CK3 NWA 1559 (0.54 × 1.3 mm) consists of a diopside-rich interior (approximately 35 vol%) and an olivine-rich rim (approximately 65 vol%). It is the first AOI to be described in CK chondrites; the apparent paucity of these inclusions is due to extensive parent-body recrystallization. The AOI interior contains irregular 3-15 ?m-sized Al-bearing diopside grains (approximately 70 vol%), 2-20 ?m-sized pores (approximately 30 vol%), and traces of approximately 2 ?m plagioclase grains. The 75-160 ?m-thick rim contains 20-130 ?m-sized ferroan olivine grains, some with 120º triple junctions. A few coarse (25-50 ?m-sized) patches of plagioclase with 2-18 ?m-thick diopside rinds occur in several places just beneath the rim. The occurrence of olivine rims around AOI-1 and around many AOIs in CV3 Allende suggests that CK and CV AOIs formed by the acquisition of porous forsteritic rims around fine-grained, rimless CAIs that consisted of diopside, anorthite, melilite, and spinel. Individual AOIs in carbonaceous chondrites may have formed after transient heating events melted their olivine rims as well as portions of the underlying interiors. In AOI-1, coarse plagioclase grains with diopside rinds crystallized immediately below the olivine rim. Secondary parent-body alteration transformed forsterite in the rims of CV and CK AOIs into more-ferroan olivine. Some of the abundant pores in the interior of AOI-1 may have formed during aqueous alteration after fine-grained melilite and anorthite were leached out. Chondrite groups with large chondrules tend to have large AOIs. AOIs that formed in dust-rich nebular regions (where CV and CK chondrites later accreted) tend to be larger than AOIs from less-dusty regions.

Rubin, Alan E.

2013-03-01

150

New parameter extraction method based on split C-V measurements in FDSOI MOSFETs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new parameter extraction methodology based on split C-V is proposed for FDSOI MOS devices. To this end, a detailed capacitance theoretical analysis is first conducted emphasizing the usefulness of the Maserjian function. Split C-V measurements carried out on various FDSOI CMOS technologies show that the Maserjian function exhibits a power law dependence with inversion charge as ?Qi-2 whatever the carrier type and gate oxide thickness. This feature enables to confirm the validity of a two-parameter simple capacitance model and allows for a reliable MOSFET parameter extraction in FDSOI devices.

Ben Akkez, Imed; Cros, Antoine; Fenouillet-Beranger, Claire; Boeuf, Frederic; Rafhay, Q.; Balestra, Francis; Ghibaudo, Gérard

2013-06-01

151

Refined purification of large amounts of rat cvHsp/HspB7 and partial biological characterization in vitro.  

PubMed

The cardiovascular heat shock protein (cvHsp/HspB7) exhibited cardiac-specific expression and is a possible candidate of dilated cardiomyopathy in heart failure. The molecular characteristics and biochemical properties of cvHsp are only partially understood. This study was aimed to identify the biological properties and molecular high-order structure of cvHsp. The cvHsp protein was prepared by the refined purification at large amount. The pooled fractions were existed as two types of oligomers in solution and exhibited chaperone-like activity. The circular dichroism analyzed ureainduced unfolding processes. Multiple sequence alignment and an automated protein modeling were used to describe the three-dimensional structural model of the cvHsp monomer and dimer. By the refined purification, the cvHsp appeared in oligomeric and dimeric forms (approximately 17 kDa and 40 kDa, respectively) composed of 18.6-kDa monomers. The cvHsp prevented dithiothreitol (DTT)-induced aggregation of the insulin B chain and conferred oligomeric unfolding process in urea-containing solution. It exhibited structural stability and conformed to the two-state folding/unfolding oligomerization model. According to sequence alignment of the rat cvHsp gene, three-dimensional model based on the crystallographic structure of wheat Hsp16.9 was reconstructed. The cvHsp presented two antiparallel ?-sheet sandwich structure of sHsp' core ?-crystallin domain, and formed dimeric or oligomeric organization in solution. This work described the structural components of cvHsp and existed as the polydispersed molecular oligomers in vitro, which are some common properties of the sHsp family. These characteristics of the cvHsp gene is helpful to clarify molecular functionality in cardiac diseases. PMID:24555434

Lin, Wei; Yang, Zehong; Lu, Yongzhi; Zhao, Xiaojun

2014-05-01

152

The chemical composition of suberin in apoplastic barriers affects radial hydraulic conductivity differently in the roots of rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. IR64) and corn (Zea mays L. cv. Helix)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Apoplastic transport barriers in the roots of rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. IR64) and corn (Zea mays L. cv. Helix) were isolated enzymatically. Following chemical degrada- tion (monomerization, derivatization), the amounts of aliphatic and aromatic suberin monomers were ana- lysed quantitatively by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. In corn, suberin was determined for isolated endodermal (ECW) and rhizo-hypodermal (RHCW) cell

Lukas Schreiber; Rochus Franke; Klaus-Dieter Hartmann; Kosala Ranathunge; Ernst Steudle

2005-01-01

153

CV-SLAM: a new ceiling vision-based SLAM technique  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a fast and robust CV-SLAM (ceiling vision-based simultaneous localization and mapping) technique using a single ceiling vision sensor. The proposed algorithm is suitable for system that demands very high localization accuracy such as an intelligent robot vacuum cleaner. A single camera looking upward direction (called ceiling vision system) is mounted on the robot, and salient image features are

WooYeon Jeong; Kyoung Mu Lee

2005-01-01

154

Dr. Matas Alvarado (CV breve) Investigador Titular del Departamento de Computacin del CINVESTAV; Miembro Regular de  

E-print Network

Dr. Matías Alvarado (CV breve) Investigador Titular del Departamento de Computación del CINVESTAV. JOS� MATÍAS ALVARADO MENTADO Curriculum Vitae DATOS PROFESIONALES Investigador CINVESTAV 3B (Febrero JCR ISI 1. Alvarado Matias, Sheremetov, L., Bañares, R. & Cantú, F. (Guest Eds.) Special Issue

Alvarado, Matías

155

Characterization of a partial amphiploid between Triticum aestivum cv. Chinese Spring and Thinopyrum intermedium ssp. trichophorum  

Microsoft Academic Search

A partial amphiploid, TE-3, between Triticum aestivum cv. Chinese Spring (CS) and Thinopyrum intermedium ssp. trichophorum was characterized by cytological observation, genomic in situ hybridization (GISH), seed storage protein electrophoresis and disease resistance screening. The TE-3 plants were deeply covered with pubescence, which is characteristic of the Th. intermedium ssp. trichophorum parent. Feulgen staining of the somatic metaphases revealed that

Yang Zu-Jun; Li Guang-Rong; Chang Zhi-Jian; Zhou Jian-Ping; Ren Zheng-Long

2006-01-01

156

Simple Cp/Cv Resonance Apparatus Suitable for the Physics Teaching Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a resonance apparatus for the measurement of Cp/Cv for different gases. In the apparatus a magnetically supported piston in a vertical cylindrical glass tube containing the gas is forced into oscillation by means of a standard audio signal generator. (Author/GA)

Smith, D. G.

1979-01-01

157

Kenmerk: CvB 2008/879 Afspraken rond invoering UFO  

E-print Network

Kenmerk: CvB 2008/879 Afspraken rond invoering UFO hulpinstrument voor secretaressefuncties Rond de invoering van een UFO hulpinstrument voor de indeling van secretaressefuncties hebben het College van vergemakkelijken. Op de beleids- en uitvoeringsafspraken van UFO heeft dit geen effect; het is een additioneel

Franssen, Michael

158

J.A. Lewis CV updated 9.6.11 JENNIFER A. LEWIS  

E-print Network

of Leeds, Leeds, England; Department of Ceramic Engineering, Summer Intern 1985-1986 University of IllinoisJ.A. Lewis CV ­ updated 9.6.11 1 JENNIFER A. LEWIS Curriculum Vitae Rm. 2015 MRL Phone: (217) 244 Professor, University of California at Santa Barbara (sabbatical leave) Summer 1996 Visiting Scientist

Shim, Moonsub

159

J.A. Lewis CV updated 3.3.12 JENNIFER A. LEWIS  

E-print Network

of Leeds, Leeds, England; Department of Ceramic Engineering, Summer Intern 1985-1986 University of IllinoisJ.A. Lewis CV ­ updated 3.3.12 1 JENNIFER A. LEWIS Curriculum Vitae Rm. 2015 MRL Phone: (217) 244 Professor, University of California at Santa Barbara (sabbatical leave) Summer 1996 Visiting Scientist

Weaver, John H.

160

Indirect measurements of Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu fermentable cell wall sugars for second generation biofuels production.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Results of a study conducted to evaluate the possibility of using IVDMD values of B. brizantha cv. Marandu to predict cell wall sugars that would be available in a biorefinery for ethanol production are reported. The study was conducted based on the similarity between rumen enzymes and those used i...

161

Thermal degradation of anthocyanins from purple potato (Cv. Purple Majesty) and their impact on antioxidant capacity  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Degradation parameters of purified anthocyanins from purple-fleshed potato (Purple Majesty cv.) heated at high temperatures (100 - 150 °C) was determined. Purified anthocyanins, prepared by removing salts, sugars and colorless non-anthocyanin phenolics from the crude extract, were quantified using H...

162

Substance of green waste compost adding bamboo vinegar as growth stimulator for Calathca rotundifola cv. Fasciata  

Microsoft Academic Search

The composting process allows the conversion of green waste into plant substance that can be used in replacing Pindstrup Sphagnum (PS) for Calathca rotundifola cv. Fasciata cultivation. To help address this need, this study used bacterial reagent and bamboo vinegar as additives in composting process, and chosen the best green waste compost (BGWC) with the best Physico-chemical properties forpartly or

Yun Tian; Xiangyang Sun; Jixin Cao; Lu Zhang; Baozhu Zhang

2011-01-01

163

Modeling the structure of CV formation and expectations : The commercial retail real estate sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper aims to form system dynamics modeling in introduced in conjunction with econometric analysis and planned scenario analysis which will uniquely structure the process whereby the ex ante capital values of the prime retail real estate sector. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The integrated system dynamics model investigates the structural factors affecting a unique expectation-centered capital value (CV) formation of

2007-01-01

164

Alteration processes in the CV chondrite parent body based on analysis of NWA 2086 meteorite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Analysis of the NWA 2086 CV3 chondrite showed a matrix/chondrule ratio of 52%, similar to Bali, Mokoia, and Grosanaja. Nearly twice as many chondrule fragments as intact ones demonstrate that an early fragmentation phase occurred prior to final accretion. After this event, no substantial mechanical change or redeposition is evident. Rims with double-layered structures were identified around some chondrules, which, in at least one case, is attributed to an accretionary origin. The rim's outer parts with a diffuse appearance were formed by in situ chemical alteration. During this later process, Mg content decreased, Fe content increased, and olivine composition was homogenized, producing a rim composition close to that of the matrix. This alteration occasionally happened along fractures and at confined locations, and was probably produced by fluid interactions. Iron oxides are the best candidate for a small grain-sized alteration product; however, technical limitations in the available equipment did not allow exact phase identification. These results suggest that NWA 2086 came from a location (possible more deeply buried) in the CV parent body than Mokoia or Bali, and suffered less impact effects—although there is no evidence of sustained thermal alteration. This meteorite may represent a sample of the CV parent asteroid interior and provide a useful basis for comparison with other CV meteorites in the future.

Kereszturi, A.; Blumberger, Z.; Józsa, S.; May, Z.; Müller, A.; Szabó, M.; Tóth, M.

2014-08-01

165

Desiati CV 1011 1 Publications in Refereed Journals as a contributing author  

E-print Network

Desiati CV 1011 1 Publications in Refereed Journals as a contributing author 1. P. Desiati and L to ApJ (arXiv:1109.1017). Contributing author with Rasha Abbasi. 4. IceCube collaboration, Observation with IceCube, ApJ 718 L194 (2010). Contributing author with Rasha Abbasi. 9. (with J. Lundberg, et al

Sheridan, Jennifer

166

EST-SSR MARKERS FROM FRAGARIA VESCA L. CV. YELLOW WONDER  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Fourteen microsatellite primer pairs were developed from a cDNA library of Fragaria vesca cv. Yellow Wonder. Transferability to 13 species of Fragaria ranged from 71% in diploid species F. gracilis Losinsk., F. iinumae Makino, F. nilgerrensis Schltdl. ex J. Gay and F. nipponica Makino to 100% in the...

167

Phytoremediation of 4,4'-thiodiphenol (TDP) and other bisphenol derivatives by Portulaca oleracea cv.  

PubMed

4,4'-Thiodiphenol (TDP) is a bisphenol derivative, and there has been no report on TDP removal by any plants or pure bacterial cultures. The removal of TDP by Portulaca oleracea cv., a floricultural herbal plant, was examined with a hydroculture system, and 97% of TDP was removed after 4 days culture. PMID:23040992

Okuhata, Hiroshi; Ninagawa, Masahiko; Takemoto, Naomichi; Ji, Hezhe; Miyasaka, Hitoshi; Iwamoto, Ai; Nagae, Masaki; Ishibashi, Yasuhiro; Arizono, Koji

2013-01-01

168

RESEARCH INTERESTS PATRICK A. ZOLLNER Note numbers refer to papers in my CV  

E-print Network

abilities of eastern chipmunks, gray squirrels, and fox squirrels, and found that such abilities to papers in my CV Behavioral Ecology of Ecological Landscapes ­ Recent advances in landscape-level ecological modeling rely upon a rarely acknowledged and often unappreciated behavioral "standard

Fernández-Juricic, Esteban

169

Defects left after regrowth of amorphous silicon on crystalline Si : C(V) and DLTS studies  

E-print Network

29 Defects left after regrowth of amorphous silicon on crystalline Si : C(V) and DLTS studies J.10J 1. Introduction. Solid phase epitaxial (SPE) regrowth of silicon amorphized by ion implantation-Si et p-Si. Abstract. 2014 n and p-type silicon have been self-ion implanted at 77 K with multi

Boyer, Edmond

170

DNA dodecaploid plants detected among somaclones of Actinidia deliciosa var. deliciosa cv. Hayward  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Ninety two adventitious shoots (somaclones) were regenerated from leaf-derived callus of Actinidia deliciosa var. deliciosa cv. Hayward. Each somaclone was multiplied in vitro through axillary bud culture to produce several individual clonal shoots. A total of 671 shoots were exflasked but only 223 (33%) resulted in rooted plants. These represented 46 of the original 92 somaclones. Shoot apices from representative

M. R. Boase; M. E. Hopping

1995-01-01

171

Measurement of band offsets and interface charges by the C-V matching method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present article describes a novel application of capacitance-voltage measurements to determine simultaneously the band discontinuities (?EV, ?EC) and interface charge density (?) of heterojunctions. The method, which we refer to as C-V matching, complements the most versatile C-V profiling technique proposed by Kroemer and successfully applied by others. In contrast to the C-V profiling which is limited to isotype heterojunctions, the new method is applicable to p-n heterojunctions as well. The methodology is based on three cardinal equations which are not controversial—the lineup of the bands relative to the common Fermi level (at equilibrium) or the quasi-Fermi levels (when voltage is applied), the charge neutrality and the expression for the total capacitance of the heterostructure. The three equations are formulated for equilibrium as well as nonequilibrium conditions, using quasi-Fermi levels and the quasi-equilibrium approximation. The three cardinal equations are defined by the two constant (albeit unknown) interface parameters (?EV,?) which are assumed to be independent of the voltage and two variables (?s1, ?s2), which describe the total band bending on each side of the heterointerface and vary with the applied voltage. The actual interface parameters ?EV, ? are determined by C-V matching between the calculated and the measured curve. The metric for the optimal match between calculated and measured capacitance vectors is discussed. The methodology presented in this study is general and can be applied to semiconductor-semiconductor and semimetal-semiconductor heterojunctions. It is illustrated here for the HgTe-CdTe semimetal-semiconductor heterojunction, which cannot be evaluated by the C-V profiling. The significance of the simultaneous determination of the band discontinuities and interface charges of heterojunctions is also discussed. In addition, the methodology presented in this article models the behavior of biased heterojunctions under nonequilibrium conditions, taking into consideration the values of band offset and interface charge density of an actual heterointerface.

Nemirovsky, Y.; Gordon, G.; Goren, D.

1998-07-01

172

Effects of CV-3611, a new free radical scavenger, on ischemic heart failure in conscious beagle dogs.  

PubMed

The effects of CV-3611, a new free radical scavenger, on coronary circulation failure and infarct size after ischemia/reperfusion were studied in conscious beagle dogs. The dogs underwent occlusion of the left circumflex coronary artery for 60 min and then were reperfused for 14 days. The dogs were divided into three groups: a control group, a pre-treated group that received CV-3611 or alpha-tocopherol, and a post-treated group that received CV-3611. During occlusion, varying degrees of ventricular arrhythmia were noted; after reperfusion, the arrhythmia tended to become severe. CV-3611 at a daily dose of 10 mg/kg or 30 mg/kg and alpha-tocopherol at a daily dose of 60 mg/kg reduced the incidence of overall post-occlusion arrhythmia. Coronary blood flow in the control group was reduced to 20% of the preocclusion level at 7 days after reperfusion, whereas in the CV-3611 and alpha-tocopherol treated groups, the decreased coronary flow was remarkably suppressed. The infarct size for the CV-3611- and alpha-tocopherol-treated groups, measured at 14 days after reperfusion, was reduced by 70% when compared with the control group. Based on these observations, it is proposed that CV-3611 exerts its beneficial effects on ischemic tissue by protecting against oxygen free radical-mediated damage induced by ischemia/reperfusion. PMID:2779011

Tanabe, M; Kito, G

1989-08-01

173

Graphical method for determining the coefficient of consolidation cv from a flow-pump permeability test  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A graphical method has been developed for determining the coefficient of consolidation from the transient phases of a flow-pump permeability test. The flow pump can be used to infuse fluid into or withdraw fluid from a laboratory sediment specimen at a constant volumetric rate in order to obtain data that can be used to calculate permeability using Darcy's law. Representative type-curve solutions to the associated forced-flow and pressure-decay models are derived. These curves provide the basis for graphically evaluating the permeability k, the coefficient of consolidation cv, and the coefficient of volume change mv. The curve-matching technique is easy and rapid. Values of k, cv and mv for a laterally confined kaolinite specimen were determined by this graphical method and appear to be in reasonably good agreement with numerically derived estimates (within 20%). Discrepancies between the two sets of results seem to be largely a function of data quality.

Morin, Roger H.; Olsen, Harold W.; Nelson, Karl R.; Gill, James D.

1989-01-01

174

Phylogenetic position of Mesorhizobium huakuii subsp. rengei, a Symbiont of Astragalus sinicus cv. Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The phylogenetic position of Rhizobium huakuii bv. renge, a symbiont of Astragalus sinicus cv. Japan (renge-sou), was studied. The following phylogenetic approaches were used: restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of a full-length 16S rDNA fragment, 16S rDNA analysis of the first 300-bp sequence, bacteriophage typing, and amplification of the genomic region by random primer. All the

Sukma Nuswantara; Makoto Fujie; Takashi Yamada; Wanda Malek; Masaki Inaba; Yoshinobu Kaneko; Yoshikatsu Murooka

1999-01-01

175

Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration in Psidium guajava L. cv. Banarasi local  

Microsoft Academic Search

A protocol for plant regeneration by somatic embryogenesis was developed in guava cv. Banarasi local by using immature zygotic embryo explants. Best induction of somatic embryogenesis was achieved from 10-week-old zygotic embryos on MS medium supplemented with 2,4-d (4.52?M) and 5% sucrose. Maximum number of somatic embryos was produced when zygotic embryo explants were transferred to growth regulator free full

Manoj K. Rai; N. Akhtar; V. S. Jaiswal

2007-01-01

176

Development of the Portable Synchrotron MIRRORCLE-CV for High Precision Non-Destructive Testing  

SciTech Connect

We started the development of the portable synchrotron MIRRORCLE-CV series, which provides a high quality x-ray beam for high precision non-destructive testing (NDT). Computer simulations for the magnetic field design and electron dynamics reveal that the outer diameter of the synchrotron magnet can be as small as 30 cm. This synchrotron size approaches that of a conventional x-ray tube.

Hasegawa, Daisuke; Toyosugi, Norio; Noh, Young Deok; Yamada, Takanori; Morita, Masaki; Mantey, Edward; Masaoka, Sei [Photon Production Laboratory, Ltd., 4-2-1 (808) Takagai-cho Minami, Ohmihachiman-city 523-0898, Shiga (Japan); Yamada, Hironari [Synchrotron Light Life Science Center, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1 Nojihigashi, Kusatsu-city 525-8577, Shiga (Japan)

2007-01-19

177

MIRRORCLE-CV The Portable Synchrotron For Precise Non-Destructive Testing And Medical Diagnosis  

SciTech Connect

We are developing the portable synchrotron MIRRORCLE-CV series, which provides a high quality x-ray beam for high precision non-destructive testing (NDT). Computer simulations for the magnetic field design and electron dynamics reveal that the outer diameter of the synchrotron magnet can be as small as 30 cm. This synchrotron size approaches that of a conventional x-ray tube.

Hasegawa, Daisuke [Photon Production Laboratory Ltd., 4-2-1 (808) Takagai-cho Minami, Ohmihachiman-city 523-0898, Shiga (Japan); Yamada, Hironari [Synchrotron Light Life Science Center, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1 Nojihigashi, Kusatsu-city 525-8577, Shiga (Japan)

2007-03-30

178

Effects of Rooting Substrates on In Vitro Rooting of Anthurium andraeanum L. cv. Avanti  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was made of the effects of rooting substrates on in vitro rooting of Anthurium andraeanum L. cv. Avanti, orange flower. Initiation of root was attempted in several rooting substrates with modified ½ MS medium supplemented with 30 g\\/l sucrose. The cut end of the shoot was dipped in 2.5 g\\/l indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) before insertion in substrates. After

Wararat KEATMETHA; Padungsak SUKSA-ARD

179

Direct Observation of Channel-Doping-Dependent Reverse Short Channel Effect Using Decoupled CV Technique  

Microsoft Academic Search

A non-destructive high resolution ``Decoupled C-V Technique'' for small geometry devices has been developed and demonstrated to successfully extract the intrinsic channel capacitance of submicron metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFET's). The effective channel doping concentration calculated from the extracted intrinsic gate capacitance presents an obvious dopant concentration enhancement in the intrinsic channel region of submicron devices compared to that of

Jyh-Chyurn Guo; Charles Ching-Hsiang Hsu; Steve Shao-Shiun Chung

1994-01-01

180

Efficient and Stable Transformation of Lactuca sativa L. cv. Cisco (lettuce) Plastids  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transgenic plastids offer unique advantages in plant biotechnology, including high-level foreign protein expression. However,\\u000a broad application of plastid genome engineering in biotechnology has been largely hampered by the lack of plastid transformation\\u000a systems for major crops. Here we describe the development of a plastid transformation system for lettuce, Lactuca sativa L. cv. Cisco. The transforming DNA carries a spectinomycin-resistance gene

Hirosuke Kanamoto; Atsushi Yamashita; Hiroshi Asao; Satoru Okumura; Hisabumi Takase; Masahira Hattori; Akiho Yokota; Ken-Ichi Tomizawa

2006-01-01

181

Molecular and biochemical characterization of cytosolic phosphoglucomutase in wheat endosperm (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Axona)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence from a number of plant tissues suggests that phosphoglucomutase (PGM) is present in both the cytosol and the plastid. The cytosolic and plasti- dic isoforms of PGM have been partially purified from wheat endosperm (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Axona). Both isoforms required glucose 1,6-bisphosphate for their activity with Ka values of 4.5 mM and 3.8 mM for cytosolic and

Emma J. Davies; Ian J. Tetlow; Caroline G. Bowsher; Michael J. Emes

2003-01-01

182

SALT spectral observations of a new, bright, southern CV: MASTER OT J142023.5-485540  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On 2013-06-24.063 UT, the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT; Buckley et al. 2006; O’Donoghue et al. 2006) observed MASTER OT J142023.5-485540 (RA=14h 20m 23.5s; Dec=-48d 55m 40s). This outbursting CV was discovered by MASTER-ICATE on 2013-06-08.048 UT and followup observations were requested in ATEL #5144.

Gulbis, A. A. S.; Kotze, M. M.; Kotze, E. J.; Worters, H. L.; Buckley, D. A. H.; O'Donoghue, H.; Shara, M.

2013-07-01

183

Extremely Na and Cl-rich chondrule from the CV3 carbonaceous chondrite Allende  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on a study of Al3509, a large Na- and Cl-rich, radially-zoned object from the oxidized CV carbonaceous chondrite Allende. Al3509 consists of fine-grained ferroan olivine, ferroan Al-diopside, nepheline, sodalite, and andradite, and is crosscut by numerous veins of nepheline, sodalite, and ferroan Al-diopside. Some poorly-characterized phases of fine-grained material are also present; these phases contain no significant H2O.

G. J. Wasserburg; I. D. Hutcheon; J. Aléon; E. C. Ramon; A. N. Krot; K. Nagashima; A. J. Brearley

2011-01-01

184

Changes in leaf, stem, and root anatomy of Chrysanthemum cv. Lillian Hoek following paclobutrazol application  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plants ofChrysanthemum cv. Lillian Hoek were treated with a paclobutrazol (PBZ) soil drench and histologically examined after 3 months. PBZ application\\u000a resulted in thicker leaves, reduced stem diameter, and roots with an increased diameter and an unusual segmented appearance.\\u000a Increased leaf thickness was partly due to an additional layer of palisade mesophyll, although individual palisade cells were\\u000a shorter, of smaller

G. E. Burrows; T. S. Boag; W. P. Stewart

1992-01-01

185

Fayalite in the Vigarano CV3 carbonaceous chondrite: Occurrences, formation age and conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have performed petrographic characterization, 53Mn–53Cr age determination and thermodynamic stability evaluations of fayalite in Vigarano meteorite that belongs to the reduced subgroup of CV3 chondrites. Vigarano is a breccia consisting of clasts which are separate chondrules surrounded by olivine-rich fine-grained materials. Four out of twenty three explored clasts contain fayalites that represent materials of the Bali-like oxidized subgroup of

Kaori Jogo; Tomoki Nakamura; Takaaki Noguchi; Mikhail Yu. Zolotov

2009-01-01

186

Genetic transformation of Cavendish banana ( Musa spp. AAA group) cv 'Grand Nain' via microprojectile bombardment  

Microsoft Academic Search

An effective method has been developed for the stable transformation and regeneration of Cavendish banana (Musa spp. AAA group) cv 'Grand Nain' by microprojectile bombardment. Embryogenic cell suspensions were initiated using immature\\u000a male flowers as the explant. Cells were co-bombarded with the neomycin phosphotransferase (nptII) selectable marker gene under the control of a banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) promoter or

D. K. Becker; B. Dugdale; M. K. Smith; R. M. Harding; J. L. Dale

2000-01-01

187

Anthelmintic activities of aporphine from Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena against Hymenolepis nana.  

PubMed

Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (Nelumbonaceae), commonly known as lotus, is a perennial aquatic plant grown and consumed throughout Asia. All parts of N. nucifera have been used for various medicinal purposes in oriental medicine. From the leaves of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (an aquatic plant), liriodenine (1), lysicamine (2), (-)-anonaine (3), (-)-asimilobine (4), (-)-caaverine (5), (-)-N-methylasimilobine (6), (-)-nuciferine (7), (-)-nornuciferine (8), (-)-roemerine (9), 7-hydroxydehydronuciferine (10) and cepharadione B (11) were isolated and identification and anthelmintic activities of aporphine was evaluated against Anisakis simplex and Hymenolepis nana. This study found that the above constituents killed H. nana or reduced their spontaneous movements (oscillation/peristalsis). However, the above constituents at various concentrations demonstrated no larvicidal effect or ability to halt spontaneous parasite movement for 72 h against A. simplex, respectively. In addition, according to an assay of cestocidal activity against H. nana and nematocidal activity against A. simplex, we found that the above compounds showed greater lethal efficacy on H. nana than against A. simplex. Further investigation showed that these above constituents have effects against peroxyl radicals under cestocidal effect. Together, these findings suggest that these constituents of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena might be used as anthelmintic agents against H. nana. PMID:24583851

Lin, Rong-Jyh; Wu, Mei-Hsuan; Ma, Yi-Hsuan; Chung, Li-Yu; Chen, Chung-Yi; Yen, Chuan-Min

2014-01-01

188

MICHAEL KHL CV & publications April 2014 Personal data: Born 16-06-1964, Danish citizen, married, 2 daughters, 1 son  

E-print Network

MICHAEL KÃ?HL CV & publications April 2014 1 Personal data: Born 16-06-1964, Danish citizen, married. Copenhagen (A prestigious Danish Research Council research fellowship at the level of full professor). 1995

Kühl, Michael

189

Compositional and petrographic similarities of CV and CK chondrites: A single group with variations in textures and volatile concentrations attributable to impact heating, crushing and oxidation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Greenwood et al. (2010) gathered data on O-isotopic and elemental compositions and reevaluated literature data for CV and CK chondrites. They concluded that these two chondrite groups originated on the same parent asteroid, with CK chondrites being metamorphosed CV chondrites (which are otherwise missing types 4 through 6). To test this interpretation we have gathered new instrumental neutron-activation-analysis (INAA) data for CV and CK chondrites and reexamined their petrographic features. The new INAA data like the older data show scatter attributable to weathering effects, but we conclude that the refractory lithophile abundances are the same in CV and CK, in agreement with the Greenwood et al. interpretation. Several volatile elements are significantly lower in CK than in CV chondrites. Among the elements we determine, the greatest difference between CV and CK is found for Br, for which the CV/CK ratio is ?4; As and Sb are about 20% lower in CK than CV and smaller differences are observed for Zn, Ga and Se. It seems likely that volatiles were lost during impact-heating events that also provided the heat responsible for metamorphic recrystallization. Within statistical uncertainty, chondrules in CV and CK chondrites are the same size and have similar textural distributions. A significant petrographic difference between CK and CV chondrites cited by Kallemeyn et al. (1991) was the much higher percentage of igneous rims around CV chondrules. However, we now recognize that many chondrules in CK3.8 NWA 1559 have igneous rims and in CK4 chondrites, igneous rims are recognizable by their associated sulfide-rich rings; there are no quantifiable CV-CK differences in igneous-rim abundances. We used Ca and Al maps to show that CK chondrites have CAI abundances similar to those of CV chondrites. It thus appears that there are no resolvable pre-metamorphic petrographic differences between CV and CK chondrites. We recommend that the “CK” designation be abandoned and that the CV group be acknowledged as spanning the range of petrologic types 3-6. We suggest that CK3 chondrites be designated CV3OxK. Most CK4 chondrites are highly fragmental; collisional crushing appears to be much more common than in CV chondrites. It seems likely that CK chondrites formed from reduced CV3 materials after the latter was impacted, buried, aqueously altered and annealed.

Wasson, John T.; Isa, Junko; Rubin, Alan E.

2013-05-01

190

Estimating variation in stomatal frequency at intra-individual, intra-site, and inter-taxonomic levels in populations of the Leonardoxa africana (Fabaceae) complex over environmental gradients in Cameroon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Variation of stomatal frequency (stomatal density and stomatal index) includes genetically-based, potentially-adaptive variation, and variation due to phenotypic plasticity, the degree of which may be fundamental to the ability to maintain high water-use efficiency and thus to deal with environmental change. We analysed stomatal frequency and morphology (pore length, pore width) in leaves from several individuals from nine populations of four sub-species of the Leonardoxa africana complex. The dataset represents a hierarchical sampling wherein factors are nested within each level (leaves in individuals, individuals in sites, etc.), allowing estimation of the contribution of different levels to overall variation, using variance-component analysis. SI showed significant variation among sites ("site" is largely confounded with "sub-species"), being highest in the sub-species localized in the highest-elevation site. However, most of the observed variance was accounted for at intra-site and intra-individual levels. This variance could reflect great phenotypic plasticity, presumably in response to highly local variation in micro-environmental conditions.

Finsinger, Walter; Dos Santos, Thibaut; McKey, Doyle

2013-07-01

191

The Parent Interview for Autism-Clinical Version (PIA-CV)A Measure of Behavioral Change for Young Children with Autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Parent Interview for Autism-Clinical Version (PIA-CV) was developed to measure autism symptom severity across a wide range of behavioral domains. Two studies were conducted to examine the psychometric properties of the PIA-CV for a sample of children under 3 years old. Results of study 1 revealed adequate internal consistency for nine of the 11 PIA-CV dimensions, as well as

Wendy L. Stone; Elaine E. Coonrod; Stacie L. Pozdol; Lauren M. Turner

2003-01-01

192

CDMRP (eReceipt) PI Guide to Funding G31cv1/ML/CDMRP PI Guide November 2009 Page 1 of 14  

E-print Network

CDMRP (eReceipt) PI Guide to Funding G31cv1/ML/CDMRP PI Guide November 2009 Page 1 of 14 INTERNAL://cdmrp.army.mil/ #12;CDMRP (eReceipt) PI Guide to Funding G31cv1/ML/CDMRP PI Guide November 2009 Page 2 of 14 Contents deadline. #12;CDMRP (eReceipt) PI Guide to Funding G31cv1/ML/CDMRP PI Guide November 2009 Page 3 of 14

193

Biochemical markers assisted screening of Fusarium wilt resistant Musa paradisiaca (L.) cv. puttabale micropropagated clones.  

PubMed

An efficient protocol was standardized for screening of panama wilt resistant Musa paradisiaca cv. Puttabale clones, an endemic cultivar of Karnataka, India. The synergistic effect of 6-benzyleaminopurine (2 to 6 mg/L) and thidiazuron (0.1 to 0.5 mg/L) on MS medium provoked multiple shoot induction from the excised meristem. An average of 30.10 +/- 5.95 shoots was produced per propagule at 4 mg/L 6-benzyleaminopurine and 0.3 mg/L thidiazuron concentrations. Elongation of shoots observed on 5 mg/L BAP augmented medium with a mean length of 8.38 +/- 0.30 shoots per propagule. For screening of disease resistant clones, multiple shoot buds were mutated with 0.4% ethyl-methane-sulfonate and cultured on MS medium supplemented with Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (FOC) culture filtrate (5-15%). Two month old co-cultivated secondary hardened plants were used for screening of disease resistance against FOC by the determination of biochemical markers such as total phenol, phenylalanine ammonia lyase, oxidative enzymes like peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase, catalase and PR-proteins like chitinase, beta-1-3 glucanase activities. The mutated clones of M. paradisiaca cv. Puttabale cultured on FOC culture filtrate showed significant increase in the levels of biochemical markers as an indicative of acquiring disease resistant characteristics to FOC wilt. PMID:23898552

Venkatesh; Krishna, V; Kumar, K Girish; Pradeepa, K; Kumar, S R Santosh; Kumar, R Shashi

2013-07-01

194

Electroacupuncture Stimulation at CV12 Inhibits Gastric Motility via TRPV1 Receptor  

PubMed Central

Gastric dysmotility is one of the major pathophysiological factors in functional gastrointestinal disorders. Acupuncture, as one of the alternative approaches, is efficacious in the treatment of gastrointestinal motility disorders; however, the mechanism underlying its action is unclear. In the present study, we used both capsazepine, a TRPV1 antagonist, and TRPV1 knockout mice. Animals were divided into wild-type group (WT), capsazepine injection group (CZP, 0.5?mg/kg, i.p.), and TRPV1 knockout mice group (TRPV1?/?). Each of these three groups was divided into three subgroups, which were subjected to EA stimulation at acupoint Zhongwan (CV12) at a different intensity (1, 2, or 4?mA). We demonstrated that electroacupuncture at Zhongwan (CV12) markedly inhibited gastric motility at 2 and 4?mA in an intensity-dependent manner in wild-type mice. The inhibitory effect was also observed in capsazepine-injected and TRPV1?/? mice but was no longer intensity dependent, indicating that TRPV1 is partially involved in the electroacupuncture-mediated modulation of gastric motility. PMID:24106521

Yu, Zhi; Cao, Xin; Xia, Youbing; Ren, Binbin; Feng, Hong; Wang, Yali; Jiang, Jingfeng; Xu, Bin

2013-01-01

195

Heterogeneous compute in computer vision: OpenCL in OpenCV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We explore the relevance of Heterogeneous System Architecture (HSA) in Computer Vision, both as a long term vision, and as a near term emerging reality via the recently ratified OpenCL 2.0 Khronos standard. After a brief review of OpenCL 1.2 and 2.0, including HSA features such as Shared Virtual Memory (SVM) and platform atomics, we identify what genres of Computer Vision workloads stand to benefit by leveraging those features, and we suggest a new mental framework that replaces GPU compute with hybrid HSA APU compute. As a case in point, we discuss, in some detail, popular object recognition algorithms (part-based models), emphasizing the interplay and concurrent collaboration between the GPU and CPU. We conclude by describing how OpenCL has been incorporated in OpenCV, a popular open source computer vision library, emphasizing recent work on the Transparent API, to appear in OpenCV 3.0, which unifies the native CPU and OpenCL execution paths under a single API, allowing the same code to execute either on CPU or on a OpenCL enabled device, without even recompiling.

Gasparakis, Harris

2014-02-01

196

Chemical and physical studies of type 3 chondrites 12: The metamorphic history of CV chondrites and their components  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The induced thermoluminescence (TL) properties of 16 CV and CV-related chondrites, four CK chondrites and Renazzo (CR2) have been measured in order to investigate their metamorphic history. The petrographic, mineralogical and bulk compositional differences among the CV chondrites indicate that the TL sensitivity of the approximately 130 C TL peak is reflecting the abundance of ordered feldspar, especially in chondrule mesostasis, which in turn reflects parent-body metamorphism. The TL properties of 18 samples of homogenized Allende powder heated at a variety of times and temperatures, and cathodoluminescence mosaics of Axtell and Coolidge, showed results consistent with this conclusion. Five refractory inclusions from Allende, and separates from those inclusions, were also examined and yielded trends reflecting variations in mineralogy indicative of high peak temperatures (either metamorphic or igneous) and fairly rapid cooling. The CK chondrites are unique among metamorphosed chondrites in showing no detectable induced TL, which is consistent with literature data that suggests very unusual feldspar in these meteorites. Using TL sensitivity and several mineral systems and allowing for the differences in the oxidized and reduced subgroups, the CV and CV-related meteorites can be divided into petrologic types analogous to those of the ordinary and CO type 3 chondrites. Axtell, Kaba, Leoville, Bali, Arch and ALHA81003 are type 3.0-3.1, while ALH84018, Efremovka, Grosnaja, Allende and Vigarano are type 3.2-3.3 and Coolidge and Loongana 001 are type 3.8. Mokoia is probably a breccia with regions ranging in petrologic type from 3.0 to 3.2. Renazzo often plots at the end of the reduced and oxidized CV chondrite trends, even when those trends diverge, suggesting that in many respects it resembles the unmetamorphosed precursors of the CV chondrites. The low-petrographic types and low-TL peak temperatures of all samples, including the CV3.8 chondrites, indicates metamorphism in the stability field of low feldspar (i.e., less than 800 C) and a metamorphic history similar to that of the CO chondrites but unlike that of the ordinary chondrites.

Guimon, R. Kyle; Symes, Steven J. K.; Sears, Derek W. G.

1995-01-01

197

VALIDACIÓN CLINICA DE UN GUANTE CON INDICADOR DE PH (VAGITEST®) PARA LA APROXIMACIÓN DIAGNÓSTICA DE LAS INFECCIONES VAGINALES CLINICAL VALIDATION OF A GLOVE WITH PH INDICATOR (VAGITEST®) IN DIAGNOSIS APPROACH OF VAGINAL INFECTION  

Microsoft Academic Search

o de agosto de 2006 e 30 de abril de 2007. Todas as pacientes incluídas utilizaram o Vagitest® antes de realizar a rotina microbiológica para infecções CV, que incluiu: exame clínico com especuloscopia, determinação do pH vaginal mediante o uso de fitas reativas tra- dicionais, teste de aminas (OHK 10%) e exame microscópico a fresco e após a coloração de

Miguel Tilli; Adrián Orsini; María Marta Alvarez; Marisa Almuzara; Elena Gallardo; Juan O Mormandi

198

Factors affecting taste scores of early season seedless table grape cv. Mystery and Prime.  

PubMed

Table grapes of cv. Mystery and Prime were harvested from 10 farms in two growing areas of Israel over two seasons. The grapes were separated on the basis of sucrose solutions from 12 to 18%; soluble solids content (SSC), titratable acidity (TA), and pH were determined; and taste tests were conducted. SSC gave the best correlation with taste tests, and multiple regression of SSC, TA, and pH improved the correlation. There were both seasonal and regional differences in the measured maturity parameters. Lower TA and higher pH were found in grapes from the Jordan Valley. Volatiles were predominantly C(6) compounds hexanal and 2-hexanal, contributing a fresh aroma to the grapes. It is concluded that Mystery and Prime grapes have good organoleptic quality if harvested at SSC levels of >14%. PMID:11804527

Sonego, Lilian; Lurie, Susan; Zuthi, Yohanan; Kaplonov, Tatiana; Ben-Arie, Ruth; Kosto, Itzhak

2002-01-30

199

Effects of agricultural practices on color, carotenoids composition, and minerals contents of sweet peppers, cv. Almuden.  

PubMed

Consumers demand organic products because they believe they are more flavorful and respectful to the environment and human health. The effects of conventional, integrated, and organic farming, grown in a controlled greenhouse, on color, minerals, and carotenoids of sweet pepper fruits ( Capsicum annuum), cv. Almuden, were studied. Experimental results proved that organic farming provided peppers with the highest (a) intensities of red and yellow colors, (b) contents of minerals, and (c) total carotenoids. Integrated fruits presented intermediate values of the quality parameters under study, and conventional fruits were those with the lowest values of minerals, carotenoids, and color intensity. As an example, the concentrations of total carotenoids were 3231, 2493, and 1829 mg kg (-1) for organic, integrated, and conventional sweet peppers, respectively. Finally, organic red peppers could be considered as those having the highest antioxidant activity of all studied peppers (agricultural farming and development stage). PMID:17822289

Pérez-López, Antonio José; López-Nicolas, José Manuel; Núñez-Delicado, Estrella; Del Amor, Francisco M; Carbonell-Barrachina, Angel A

2007-10-01

200

Plant regeneration from protoplasts of embryogenic cell suspensions of Coffea arabica L. cv. caturra.  

PubMed

Coffee plants were regenerated from protoplasts isolated from embryogenic cell suspension cultures derived from somatic embryos of Coffea arabica L. cv. caturra. Yields of viable protoplasts ranged from 1×10(5) to 6×10(5) protoplast/g fresh weight. Protoplast preparations usually contained no contaminating cells, and when present, the number of cells never exceeded 0.1% of the total. Plating efficiencies of protoplast ranged from 1 to 10%. Embryogenic protocolonies obtained after several subcultures in a medium supplemented with 0.5 mg/l each of benzylaminopurine, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and naphtaleneacetic acid, were transferred to a medium lacking plant growth regulators. Well differentiated embryos were formed in selected protocolonies that contained many embryos-like structures. Approximately 70% of the somatic embryos developed into green rooted plantlets which were succesfully transferred to vessels containing sterilized scoria. Plants grown for two months in scoria were finally transferred to greenhouse. PMID:24221671

Acuna, J R; de Pena, M

1991-09-01

201

Trypsin Isoinhibitors with Antiproliferative Activity toward Leukemia Cells from Phaseolus vulgaris cv “White Cloud Bean”  

PubMed Central

A purification protocol that comprised ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose, affinity chromatography on Affi-gel blue gel, ion exchange chromatography on SP-Sepharose, and gel filtration by FPLC on Superdex 75 was complied to isolate two trypsin inhibitors from Phaseolus vulgaris cv “White Cloud Bean”. Both trypsin inhibitors exhibited a molecular mass of 16?kDa and reduced the activity of trypsin with an IC50 value of about 0.6??M. Dithiothreitol attenuated the trypsin inhibitory activity, signifying that an intact disulfide bond is indispensable to the activity. [Methyl-3H] thymidine incorporation by leukemia L1210 cells was inhibited with an IC50 value of 28.8??M and 21.5??M, respectively. They were lacking in activity toward lymphoma MBL2 cells and inhibitory effect on HIV-1 reverse transcriptase and fungal growth when tested up to 100??M. PMID:20617140

Sun, Jian; Wang, Hexiang; Ng, Tzi Bun

2010-01-01

202

Screening of a functional polysaccharide from Zizyphus Jujuba cv. Jinsixiaozao and its property.  

PubMed

Chinese jujube has been used as a kind of Chinese medicinal herb for a long time. In this paper, the polysaccharides from Zizyphus Jujuba cv. Jinsixiaozao (ZSP), one of the major Chinese jujube varieties, were extracted and purified sequentially so that its water-soluble immunobiological fractions were screened. The crude ZSP was found to dramatically increase thymus and spleen indices in mice, enhance the proliferation of splenocytes and peritoneal macrophages, and have potential anti-complementary activity. Immunobiological tests indicated that two fractions of ZSP, coded ZSP3c and ZSP4b, were the main active components. ZSP3c was rich in pectin with a degree of esterification (DE) of 49%, which may be related to its stronger immunological activity. PMID:21539856

Li, Jinwei; Shan, Liang; Liu, Yuanfa; Fan, Liuping; Ai, Lianzhong

2011-10-01

203

YEAST dynamics during the natural fermentation process of table olives (Negrinha de Freixo cv.).  

PubMed

Yeast population and dynamics associated to spontaneous fermentation of green table olives Negrinha de Freixo cv. were evaluated. Olives and brine samples were taken at different fermentation times, and yeast were enumerated by standard plate count and identified by sequencing of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA). Saccharomyces cerevisiae was the most frequent, followed by Candida tropicalis, Pichia membranifaciens and Candida boidini, representing together 94.8% of the total isolates. Galactomyces reessii was also identified for the first time in table olives. The highest species diversity was found between 44 and 54 days of fermentation, both in brine and olive pulp. Furthermore, high similarity was observed between brine and olive pulp microbiotas. In conclusion, these results give valuable information to table olive industrials in order to achieve more knowledge on the fermentation process of this important Protected Designation of Origin product. PMID:25475331

Pereira, Ermelinda L; Ramalhosa, Elsa; Borges, Ana; Pereira, José A; Baptista, Paula

2015-04-01

204

Ectopic expression of Atleafy in Brassica juncea cv. Geeta for early flowering.  

PubMed

High temperature stress during pod filling severely affects the yield of Brassica juncea. Early flowering can evade the terminal heat stress and result in early maturity of the crop. In this study, a regeneration and transformation protocol has been standardized for B. juncea cv. Geeta. Hypocotyl from 5-day-old seedlings were used as explants. Of the various combinations of auxins and cytokinins tried along with Murashige and Skoog's (Physiol Plant 15:473-497, 1962) medium, MS + IAA (0.2 mg/l) + BA (3 mg/l) proved best for shoot regeneration with 89.9 % regeneration efficiency. To induce early flowering Leafy gene from Arabidopsis thaliana was transformed using Agrobacterium mediated transformation method. After 12 weeks transgenic plants showed flowering in vitro whereas their untransformed counterpart did not flower even after 16 weeks. The maximum transformation frequency was 4 %. PMID:24431514

Sahni, Sumit; Ganie, Showkat Hussain; Narula, Alka; Srivastava, Prem Shankar; Singh, Hari Bansh

2013-07-01

205

Overseas trip report, CV 990 underflight mission. [Norwegian Sea, Greenland ice sheet, and Alaska  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The scanning microwave radiometer-7 simulator, the ocean temperature scanner, and an imaging scatterometer/altimeter operating at 14 GHz were carried onboard the NASA CV-990 over open oceans, sea ice, and continental ice sheets to gather surface truth information. Data flights were conducted over the Norwegian Sea to map the ocean polar front south and west of Bear Island and to transect several Nimbus-7 footprints in a rectangular pattern parallel to the northern shoreline of Norway. Additional flights were conducted to obtain correlative data on the cryosphere parameters and characteristics of the Greenland ice sheet, and study the frozen lakes near Barrow. The weather conditions and flight path way points for each of the nineteen flights are presented in tables and maps.

Gloersen, P.; Crawford, J.; Hardis, L.

1980-01-01

206

Partial melting of the Allende (CV3) meteorite - Implications for origins of basaltic meteorites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Eucrites and angrites are distinct types of basaltic meteorites whose origins are poorly known. Experiments in which samples of the Allende (CV3) carbonaceous chondrite were partially melted indicate that partial melts can resemble either eucrites or angrites, depending only on the oxygen fugacity. Melts are eucritic if this variable is below that of the iron-wuestite buffer or angritic if above it. With changing pressure, the graphite-oxygen redox reaction can produce oxygen fugacities that are above or below those of the iron-wuestite buffer. Therefore, a single, homogeneous, carbonaceous planetoid greater than 110 kilometers in radius could produce melts of drastically different composition, depending on the depth of melting.

Jurewicz, A. J. G.; Mittlefehldt, D. W.; Jones, J. H.

1991-05-01

207

Direct organogenesis from internodal segments of in vitro grown shoots of apple cv. Golden delicious.  

PubMed

A protocol for direct organogenesis from internodal segments of in vitro grown shoots obtained from mature apple cv. Golden delicious trees is presented. Adventitious buds were initiated on Murashige and Skoog medium (1962) containing various combinations of benzylaminopurine (BAP) and 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA). Low concentration of BAP (4.4 ?M) in combination with TIBA (1 ?M) gave the best percentage of regeneration. Three repeated cycles of culture and regeneration produced an increase of adventitious budding up to 23%. Although no auxin was used in the organogenic medium, callus was always obtained. The regenerated shoots were micropropagated and rooted. Cytological studies revealed that proliferating buds originated directly from the superficial layers of the internodal explants without an intermediate callus phase. PMID:24213782

Belaizi, M; Paul, H; Sangwan, R S; Sangwan-Norreel, B S

1991-01-01

208

Contrasting Size Distributions of Chondrules and Inclusions in Allende CV3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

There are several leading theories on the processes that led to the formation of chondrites, e.g., sorting by mass, by X-winds, turbulent concentration, and by photophoresis. The juxtaposition of refractory inclusions (CAIs) and less refractory chondrules is central to these theories and there is much to be learned from their relative size distributions. There have been a number of studies into size distributions of particles in chondrites but only on relatively small scales primarily for chondrules, and rarely for both Calcium Aluminum-rich Inclusions (CAIs) and chondrules in the same sample. We have implemented macro-scale (25 cm diameter sample) and high-resolution microscale sampling of the Allende CV3 chondrite to create a complete data set of size frequencies for CAIs and chondrules.

Fisher, Kent R.; Tait, Alastair W.; Simon, Jusin I.; Cuzzi, Jeff N.

2014-01-01

209

Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Solanum tuberosum L. cv. 'Russet Burbank'.  

PubMed

Stem sections from shoot cultures maintained in vitro were used to produce transgenic plants of the potato, Solanum tuberosum L. cv. 'Russet Burbank'. Stem internode pieces inoculated with Agrobacterium tumefaciens containing coat protein genes from potato virus X and potato virus Y, produced shoots with a frequency of 60% in the absence of selection and 10% on medium containing 100 mg/l kanamycin monosulfate. Regenerated shoots were assayed for kanamycin resistance by placing stem segments on callus induction medium containing an increased level of kanamycin. Of a total 255 regenerated shoots, 47 (18%) were kanamycin resistant. Of the kanamycin resistant shoots, 25 (53%) expressed the PVX or PVY coat protein genes as assayed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or Western immunoblot analysis. PMID:24226160

Newell, C A; Rozman, R; Hinchee, M A; Lawson, E C; Haley, L; Sanders, P; Kaniewski, W; Tumer, N E; Horsch, R B; Fraley, R T

1991-05-01

210

Relationships between growth stress and wood properties in Poplar1 I-69 (Populus deltoides Bartr. cv."Lux" ex I-69/55)2  

E-print Network

1 Relationships between growth stress and wood properties in Poplar1 I-69 (Populus deltoides Bartr, Annals of Forest Sciences, 65, 30712 13 Abstract - Six inclined poplar I-69 (Populus deltoids cv. I-69 to the growth stress level to be discussed.20 Key-words: populus deltoids cv. I-69/55, poplar, tension wood

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

211

Isolation and characterization of a virus (CvV-BW1) that infects symbiotic algae of Paramecium bursaria in Lake Biwa, Japan  

PubMed Central

Background We performed an environmental study of viruses infecting the symbiotic single-celled algae of Paramecium bursaria (Paramecium bursaria Chlorella virus, PBCV) in Lake Biwa, the largest lake in Japan. The viruses detected were all Chlorella variabilis virus (CvV = NC64A virus). One of them, designated CvV-BW1, was subjected to further characterization. Results CvV-BW1 formed small plaques and had a linear DNA genome of 370 kb, as judged by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Restriction analysis indicated that CvV-BW1 DNA belongs to group H, one of the most resistant groups among CvV DNAs. Based on a phylogenetic tree constructed using the dnapol gene, CvV was classified into two clades, A and B. CvV-BW1 belonged to clade B, in contrast to all previously identified virus strains of group H that belonged to clade A. Conclusions We conclude that CvV-BW1 composes a distinct species within C. variabilis virus. PMID:20831832

2010-01-01

212

Wintercuring of Prunus dulcis cv ‘Butte,’ P. webbii and their interspecific hybrid in response to Xylella fastidiosa infections  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Clonal replicates of Prunus dulcis cv ‘Butte,’ P. webbii and their interspecific hybrid P 63-61 were inoculated with Xylella fastidiosa strain M23 and evaluated for Almond Leaf Scorch Disease and subsequent wintercuring of infections during three growing seasons. Initial inoculations established gr...

213

A comparison of stilbene and chalcone synthases including a new stilbene synthase gene from Vitis riparia cv. Gloire de Montpellier  

Microsoft Academic Search

A stilbene synthase gene was cloned from Vitis riparia cv. Gloire de Montpellier after PCR amplification with primers designed to include the start and stop codons of stilbene synthase genes of V. vinifera. The exon was very similar to that of other stilbene synthases, particularly those from V. vinifera (99% nucleotide identity). An intron was found which interrupted the predicted

P. H. Goodwin; T. Hsiang; L. Erickson

2000-01-01

214

Phytoremediation of lead with green onions ( Allium fistulosum) and uptake of arsenic compounds by moonlight ferns ( Pteris cretica cv Mayii)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Phytoremediation has been investigated as an alternative to excavation to remediate contamination in soil. In this work, Allium fistulosum (green onions) and Pteris cretica cv Mayii (moonlight ferns) were investigated for phytoremediation. Green onions were planted in lead-spiked soil, and chelating agents were introduced to enhance the uptake of lead by the plants. Lead uptake was low in the absence

Youngsoo Cho; James A. Bolick; David J. Butcher

2009-01-01

215

www.alasdaircohen.com (& www.ifad.org/mpat) Alasdair Cohen, CV (last updated Sept, 2014) 1 Alasdair G. Cohen  

E-print Network

www.alasdaircohen.com (& www.ifad.org/mpat) Alasdair Cohen, CV (last updated Sept, 2014) 1 Alasdair G. Cohen COMPETENCIES M&E/Poverty Metrics | Water & Sanitation | Environmental Health EDUCATION national office & Guangxi Province offices · Managed summer data collection (surveys & drinking water

Silver, Whendee

216

High Efficiency Somatic Embrogenesis and Plant Regeneration in Suspension Cultures of an Ornamental Ginger Hybrid (Hedychium muluense x cv ‘Starburst’)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Plants were successfully regenerated via somatic embryogenesis from shoot apex-derived callus of an ornamental ginger hybrid, Hedychium muluense x cv ‘Starburst’. H. muluense is a dwarf species and ‘Starburst’ is a hybrid cultivar with white and very fragrant flowers in a circular, wheel-like arrang...

217

Inherited transgene expression of the uidA and bar genes in Lilium longiflorum cv. Nellie White  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The expression of two transgenes, bar and uidA, was studied in Lilium longiflorum cv. Nellie White plants. ‘Nellie White’ had been transformed using the gene gun to bombard with pDM327 that contains the bar-uidA fusion gene under control of the CaMV 35S promoter. PCR analysis confirmed that eight ...

218

The goal of this project was to examine open CV's face detection software and identify the time insensitive section  

E-print Network

#12;#12;#12;#12;The goal of this project was to examine open CV's face detection software the face detection algorithm by running it hardware instead of software. In order to accomplish this task Altera gave us a Cyclone IV PCI express board. Our final goal being able to start the face detection

Stuart, Josh

219

EFECTO DE LA DENSIDAD DE PLANTACIÓN SOBRE EL CRECIMIENTO VEGETATIVO Y REPRODUCTIVO DE LA FRESA CV. ELSANTA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effects of the plant density on the vegetative and reproductive growth in strawberry cv. Elsanta The manipulation of plant density is a tool used to optimize the yield in strawberry. However, both the vegetative and reproductive growth are affected by this practice. Furthermore, the effect of plant density depends on the cultivar, agronomic management, and environmental conditions. In this research,

María Pérez de Camacaro; James Carew; Nick Battey

220

Dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloids, including monoesters with an unusual esterifying acid, from cultivated Crotalaria juncea (Sunn Hemp cv. 'Tropic Sun')  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Cultivation of Crotalaria juncea L. (Sunn Hemp cv. ‘Tropic Sun’) is recommended as a green manure crop in a rotation cycle to improve soil condition, help control erosion, suppress weeds, and reduce soil nematodes. Because C. juncea belongs to a genus that is known for the production of toxic dehydr...

221

Internship Checklist for DEB students 1. Before you submit a CV and cover letter to any company, please have Dr.  

E-print Network

Internship Checklist for DEB students Feb 2008 1. Before you submit a CV and cover letter to any an internship (in Objective section) and also list the DEB as part of your PhD education. Example: PhD in Chemistry with a Designated Emphasis in Biotechnology. 3. If you are offered an internship, please notify Dr

Ferrara, Katherine W.

222

The Galectin CvGal1 from the Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) Binds to Blood Group A Oligosaccharides on the Hemocyte Surface*  

PubMed Central

The galectin CvGal1 from the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica), which possesses four tandemly arrayed carbohydrate recognition domains, was previously shown to display stronger binding to galactosamine and N-acetylgalactosamine relative to d-galactose. CvGal1 expressed by phagocytic cells is “hijacked” by the parasite Perkinsus marinus to enter the host, where it proliferates and causes systemic infection and death. In this study, a detailed glycan array analysis revealed that CvGal1 preferentially recognizes type 2 blood group A oligosaccharides. Homology modeling of the protein and its oligosaccharide ligands supported this preference over type 1 blood group A and B oligosaccharides. The CvGal ligand models were further validated by binding, inhibition, and competitive binding studies of CvGal1 and ABH-specific monoclonal antibodies with intact and deglycosylated glycoproteins, hemocyte extracts, and intact hemocytes and by surface plasmon resonance analysis. A parallel glycomic study carried out on oyster hemocytes (Kurz, S., Jin, C., Hykollari, A., Gregorich, D., Giomarelli, B., Vasta, G. R., Wilson, I. B. H., and Paschinger, K. (2013) J. Biol. Chem. 288,) determined the structures of oligosaccharides recognized by CvGal1. Proteomic analysis of the hemocyte glycoproteins identified ?-integrin and dominin as CvGal1 “self”-ligands. Despite strong CvGal1 binding to P. marinus trophozoites, no binding of ABH blood group antibodies was observed. Thus, parasite glycans structurally distinct from the blood group A oligosaccharides on the hemocyte surface may function as potentially effective ligands for CvGal1. We hypothesize that carbohydrate-based mimicry resulting from the host/parasite co-evolution facilitates CvGal1-mediated cross-linking to ?-integrin, located on the hemocyte surface, leading to cell activation, phagocytosis, and host infection. PMID:23824193

Feng, Chiguang; Ghosh, Anita; Amin, Mohammed N.; Giomarelli, Barbara; Shridhar, Surekha; Banerjee, Aditi; Fernández-Robledo, José A.; Bianchet, Mario A.; Wang, Lai-Xi; Wilson, Iain B. H.; Vasta, Gerardo R.

2013-01-01

223

PARA EL BOSQUE CHIQUITANO  

Microsoft Academic Search

Durante los últimos años se han desarrollado acciones tanto regulatorias como correctoras, para frenar la progresiva pérdida de cobertura boscosa. Sin embargo, estas acciones no alcanzaron los niveles de efectividad esperados debido principalmente a los incentivos económicos que conducen a la población a desmontar los bosques para desarrollar actividades relacionadas principalmente con la producción agropecuaria. A través del presente documento,

Alfonso F. Malky Harb; Medio Ambiente

224

Unusual Dark Clasts in the Vigarano CV3 Chondrite: Record of Parent Body Process  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A variety of dark lithic clasts have been reported from CV3 chondrites and are commonly called "dark inclusions" (DIs). The DIs widely range in texture from chondritic with chondrules and Ca-Al-rich inclusions (CAIs) embedded in a matrix (similar to host meteorites), to fine-grained aggregates of Fe-rich olivine free of coarse-grained components [1,2]. The DIs have been interpreted to represent (1) primary aggregates of materials in the solar nebula [3-5] and (2) materials that were affected by thermal metamorphism on their parent bodies [6]. We present the results of petrographic and scanning electron microscope (SEM) studies of two unusual clasts found in the Vigarano CV3 chondrite. The two unusual clasts, which we will call CL1 and CL2, are approximately 1.2 x 1.0 mm^2 (CLl) and 0.8 x 0.6 mm^2 (CL2) and occur within one of the large clasts (2.8 x 1.0 mm^2). CL1 and CL2 have very similar mineralogies and textures; they contain irregular to oval-shaped inclusions consisting mostly of fine grains of Fe-rich olivine embedded in the matrix of the clasts, and are free of distinct chondrules, CAIs, and coarse mineral fragments. Thus, they resemble the fine-grained variety of DIs. Under the optical microscope, most inclusions resemble chondrules or chondrule fragments in shape and size. However, they are brownish-translucent in transmitted light and are clearly distinct from chondrules in the Vigarano host. The inclusions are characteristically flattened in direction, exhibiting apparent foliation. Our SEM observations reveal the following unusual characteristics: (1) the inclusions are not mere random aggregates of olivine grains but have peculiar internal textures, i.e., assemblies of round or oval-shaped outlines, which are suggestive of pseudomorphs after porphyritic or granular olivine chondrules; (2) one of the thick inclusion rims contains a network of vein-like strings of elongated olivine grains, (3) an Fe-Ni metal aggregate in CL1 has an Fe-, Ni-, S-rich halo, suggesting a reaction between its precursor and the surrounding matrix; and (4) olivine in the clasts commonly shows a swirly, fibrous texture similar to that of phyllosilicate. These characteristics are not reconciled with a primary (unprocessed) origin for the clasts but suggest that they were involved in a secondary process such as aqueous alteration. The fine grains of olivine in these clasts were presumably produced by thermal transformation of phyllosilicate. Serpentine is known to start transforming to olivine at >300 degrees C [7]. The inclusions in CL1 and CL2 resemble chondrules: Some of them are surrounded by distinctive rims similar to chondrule rims commonly seen in the carbonaceous chondrites. Therefore, we believe that the precursor material of the clasts would have been related to some types of chondrites, possibly the Vigarano host itself, and that aqueous alteration and thermal metamorphism occurred in the meteorite parent body. We suggest that some of the dark inclusions and clasts previously reported from CV3 chondrites and other types of meteorites may have origins common to these clasts in Vigarano. References: [1] Fruland R. M. et al. (1978) Proc. LPSC 9th, 1305-1329. [2] Johnson C. A. et al. (1990) GCA, 54, 819-830. [3] Bischoff A. et al. (1988) LPSC XIX, 88-89. [4] Kurat G. (1989) Z. Naturforsch., 44a, 988-1004. [5] Palme H. (1989) Z. Naturforsch., 44a, 1005-1014. [6] Bunch T. E. and Chang S. (1983) LPSC XIV, 75-76. [7] Akai J. (1992) Proc. NIPR Symp. Antarct. Meteorites, 5, 120-135.

Kojima, T.; Tomeoka, K.; Takeda, H.

1993-07-01

225

Characterization of Fusarium wilt resistant somaclonal variants of banana cv. Rasthali by cDNA-RAPD.  

PubMed

Fusarium wilt of banana, caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc), is counted among the most destructive diseases of crop plants in India. In the absence of any credible control measure to manage this disease, development of resistant cultivars is the best option. Somaclonal variations arising out of long term in vitro culture of plant tissues is an important source of genetic variability and the selection of somaclones having desired characteristics is a promising strategy to develop plants with improved characters. In the present study, we isolated a group of somaclonal variants of banana cv. Rasthali which showed efficient resistance towards Foc race 1 infection in repeated bioassays. cDNA-RAPD methodology using 96 decamer primers was used to characterize these somaclonal variants. Among the four differentially amplified bands obtained, one mapping to the coding region of a lipoxygenase gene was confirmed to be down regulated in the somaclones as compared to controls by real-time quantitative RT-PCR. Our results correlated well with earlier studies with lipoxygenase mutants in maize wherein reduced expression of lipoxygenase led to enhanced resistance towards Fusarium infection. PMID:25160909

Ghag, Siddhesh B; Shekhawat, Upendra K S; Ganapathi, Thumballi R

2014-12-01

226

About the determination of the Schottky barrier height with the C-V method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On the basis of general notions about Schottky barrier contacts (SBC) with the insulating layer and interface states (ISs) communicating with semiconductor and metal (when their influence results in the linear bias-dependence of the barrier height and the ideality factor n =const), it is shown that the barrier height determined with C-V method is defined with a simple expression: ?bc=n?b0-(n -1)(?s+V2), practically corresponding to the flatband barrier height expression determined from I-V-characteristic: ?bf=n?b0-(n -1)?s. The apparent difference is related to the difference in implementation of the flatband condition in both cases. Earlier, the close correspondence of values ?bc and ?bf was only known for the ideal Bardeen model, practically excluding values n >1. The received result is also proved by the detailed analysis of possible conditions of determining the SBC capacity (different frequencies of the test signal, presence or absence of ISs, and their communication with semiconductor and/or metal). It is essential that the measured barrier height ?bc remains almost independent of the frequency of the test signal and is determined with the relation between the applied voltage and its part dropping in the barrier only.

Bozhkov, V. G.; Torkhov, N. A.; Shmargunov, A. V.

2011-04-01

227

Purification and Characterization of a Lectin from Phaseolus vulgaris cv. (Anasazi Beans)  

PubMed Central

A lectin has been isolated from seeds of the Phaseolus vulgaris cv. “Anasazi beans” using a procedure that involved affinity chromatography on Affi-gel blue gel, fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC)-ion exchange chromatography on Mono S, and FPLC-gel filtration on Superdex 200. The lectin was comprised of two 30-kDa subunits with substantial N-terminal sequence similarity to other Phaseolus lectins. The hemagglutinating activity of the lectin was stable within the pH range of 1–14 and the temperature range of 0–80°C. The lectin potently suppressed proliferation of MCF-7 (breast cancer) cells with an IC50 of 1.3 ?M, and inhibited the activity of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase with an IC50 of 7.6 ?M. The lectin evoked a mitogenic response from murine splenocytes as evidenced by an increase in [3H-methyl]-thymidine incorporation. The lectin had no antifungal activity. It did not stimulate nitric oxide production by murine peritoneal macrophages. Chemical modification results indicated that tryptophan was crucial for the hemagglutinating activity of the lectin. PMID:19343172

Sharma, Arishya; Ng, Tzi Bun; Wong, Jack Ho; Lin, Peng

2009-01-01

228

Germination and Plantlet Regeneration of Encapsulated Microshoots of Aromatic Rice (Oryza sativa L. Cv. MRQ 74)  

PubMed Central

Plant tissues such as somatic embryos, apical shoot tips, axillary shoot buds, embryogenic calli, and protocom-like bodies are potential micropropagules that have been considered for creating synthetic seeds. In the present study, 3–5?mm microshoots of Oryza sativa L. Cv. MRQ 74 were used as explant sources for obtaining synthetic seeds. Microshoots were induced from stem explants on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 1.5?mg/L benzylaminopurine (BAP). They were encapsulated in 3% (w/v) sodium alginate, 3% sucrose, 0.1?mg/L BAP, and 0.1?mg/L ?-Naphthalene acetic acid (NAA). Germination and plantlet regeneration of the encapsulated seeds were tested by culturing them on various germination media. The effect of storage period (15–30 days) was also investigated. The maximum germination and plantlet regeneration (100.0%) were recorded on MS media containing 3% sucrose and 0.8% agar with and without 0.1?mg/L BAP. However, a low germination rate (6.67%) was obtained using top soil as a sowing substrate. The germination rate of the encapsulated microshoots decreased from 93.33% to 3.33% after 30 days of storage at 4°C in the dark. Therefore, further research is being done to improve the germination rate of the synthetic seeds. PMID:22919338

Taha, Rosna Mat; Saleh, Azani; Mahmad, Noraini; Hasbullah, Nor Azlina; Mohajer, Sadegh

2012-01-01

229

Effect of sowing dates and vernalization on Betavulgaris L. cv. Univers C-leaf structure  

PubMed Central

This research was conducted to study the effect of three different sowing dates (15th October, 15th November and 15th December) and two vernalization treatments (5 °C and ?20 °C) on leaf structure of Betavulgaris L. cv. Univers. The obtained data are summarized as follows: The maximum values of the most studied parameters; lower epidermis + spongy tissue thickness, midrib, mesophyll tissue, vascular bundle, collenchymatous tissue and number of xylem vessels per arm were found as a result of 15th October sowing date treatment compared with the two other sowing dates. Furthermore, effect of the cooling treatments varied according to the recorded character, sowing date and cooling degree. Most of the vernalization treatments at early sowing dates increased the mesophyll tissue, midrib, number of vascular bundles per transverse section, vascular bundle thickness and number of xylem arms per transverse section. The two studied cooling treatments at 15th October sowing date increased both stomatal index and average number of stomata: average number of epidermis cells compared with the control. Furthermore, 15th October under ?20 °C treatment led to small epidermal cells and stomata formation, straight epidermal cell walls and closed stomata in comparison to the control. PMID:23961134

Sakr, Mohammed M.; Almaghrabi, Omar A.

2011-01-01

230

The impact of high temperatures on Vitis vinifera cv. Semillon grapevine performance and berry ripening.  

PubMed

The heat event that occurred in many parts of Australia in 2009 was the worst on record for the past decade, with air temperatures exceeding 40(°)C for 14 days. Our aim was to assess the impacts of this heat event on vine performance, including ripening, yield, and gas exchange of Vitis vinifera cv. Semillon grown in a Riverina vineyard. To assess the affect of high temperatures on Semillon grapevines, the vines were covered with a protective layer to reduce radiant heating and were compared with vines exposed to ambient conditions. The heat event had major effects on ripening; reducing the rate of ripening by 50% and delaying harvest ripeness and causing a high incidence of berry shrivel and sunburn. Yield was not affected. Photosynthesis was reduced 35% by the heat event while transpiration increased nearly threefold and was accounted for by increased stomatal conductance. The conclusion of this study was that heat events delayed ripening in Semillon berries and caused a significant reduction in berry quality. Strategies to minimize the radiant load during heat events are required and this study has confirmed a protective layer can reduce canopy temperatures and enhance berry quality. PMID:24348494

Greer, Dennis H; Weedon, Mark M

2013-01-01

231

The impact of high temperatures on Vitis vinifera cv. Semillon grapevine performance and berry ripening  

PubMed Central

The heat event that occurred in many parts of Australia in 2009 was the worst on record for the past decade, with air temperatures exceeding 40°C for 14 days. Our aim was to assess the impacts of this heat event on vine performance, including ripening, yield, and gas exchange of Vitis vinifera cv. Semillon grown in a Riverina vineyard. To assess the affect of high temperatures on Semillon grapevines, the vines were covered with a protective layer to reduce radiant heating and were compared with vines exposed to ambient conditions. The heat event had major effects on ripening; reducing the rate of ripening by 50% and delaying harvest ripeness and causing a high incidence of berry shrivel and sunburn. Yield was not affected. Photosynthesis was reduced 35% by the heat event while transpiration increased nearly threefold and was accounted for by increased stomatal conductance. The conclusion of this study was that heat events delayed ripening in Semillon berries and caused a significant reduction in berry quality. Strategies to minimize the radiant load during heat events are required and this study has confirmed a protective layer can reduce canopy temperatures and enhance berry quality. PMID:24348494

Greer, Dennis H.; Weedon, Mark M.

2013-01-01

232

Effect of chemical pretreatment on dehulling parameters of flaxseed (cv. Garima).  

PubMed

In the present study, effects of chemical (ethanol, HCl and sulphuric acid) pretreatment on various dehulling parameters of flaxseed (cv. Garima) including yield, hull, hullability, extraction rate and embryo (dehulled flaxseed) recovery were studied. Pretreated flaxseed, at 3.1 to 3.6 % moisture range (p?>?0.05) were dehulled for 60 s in a laboratory model rice polisher/dehulling machine at 2,000 rpm followed by aspiration (hull separation) using a laboratory model aspirator. The study revealed that chemical pre-dehulling treatment of flaxseed plays a significant role in the embryo recovery of flaxseed. Both ethanol and HCl pre-dehulling treatment enhanced but sulphuric acid pretreatment reduced the embryo recovery of flaxseed. Moreover, HCL and Sulphuric acid deteriorated the quality of hull obtained during dehulling, hence may not be considered for flaxseed dehulling. The study showed the maximum embryo recovery from ethanol pretreated flaxseed, hence ethanol pre-dehulling treatment with 2 h tempering time may be considered for effective flaxseed dehulling. PMID:25190888

Mridula, D; Barnwal, P; Gurumayum, Sushma; Singh, K K

2014-09-01

233

CV-990 Landing Systems Research Aircraft (LSRA) flight #145 drilling of shuttle tire using Tire Assa  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Created from a 1/16th model of a German World War II tank, the TAV (Tire Assault Vehicle) was an important safety feature for the Convair 990 Landing System Research Aircraft, which tested space shuttle tires. It was imperative to know the extreme conditions the shuttle tires could tolerate at landing without putting the shuttle and its crew at risk. In addition, the CV990 was able to land repeatedly to test the tires. The TAV was built from a kit and modified into a radio controlled, video-equipped machine to drill holes in aircraft test tires that were in imminent danger of exploding because of one or more conditions: high air pressure, high temperatures, and cord wear. An exploding test tire releases energy equivalent to two and one-half sticks of dynamite and can cause severe injuries to anyone within 50 ft. of the explosion, as well as ear injury - possibly permanent hearing loss - to anyone within 100 ft. The degree of danger is also determined by the temperature pressure and cord wear of a test tire. The TAV was developed by David Carrott, a PRC employee under contract to NASA.

1995-01-01

234

Growth and Respiratory Response of Fig (Ficus carica L. cv. Mission) Fruits to Ethylene.  

PubMed

Growth in diameter of the fig (Ficus carica L. cv. Mission) fruit takes place in three distinct periods; two periods (I and III) of rapid growth are separated by a period (II) of slow growth. With respect to exposure to ethylene, the fruit exhibits a two phase response. Ethylene inhibits fruit growth in phase A (period I), the period of cell division, stimulates growth in early phase B (early period II), and stimulates both growth and ripening during the remainder of phase B (late period II and period III). The adverse effect of exogenous ethylene on fruits during phase A is thought to be due to inhibition of cell division. The gradual transition occurring in the response of fruits during phase B was interpreted in terms of carbohydrate level in the fruits.The onset of period III and a respiratory climacteric rise was preceded by or concomitant with a sudden burst of endogenous ethylene synthesis. This, together with the fact that exogenous ethylene applied at the proper stage of fruit growth triggers both ripening and the climacteric rise, leads to the conclusion that ethylene is the causal agent. In other words, the data support the concept that ethylene is a growth hormone that initiates a chain of metabolic and physiological events leading to fig fruit ripening. PMID:16657774

Marei, N; Crane, J C

1971-09-01

235

Purification and characterization of a lectin from Phaseolus vulgaris cv. (Anasazi beans).  

PubMed

A lectin has been isolated from seeds of the Phaseolus vulgaris cv. "Anasazi beans" using a procedure that involved affinity chromatography on Affi-gel blue gel, fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC)-ion exchange chromatography on Mono S, and FPLC-gel filtration on Superdex 200. The lectin was comprised of two 30-kDa subunits with substantial N-terminal sequence similarity to other Phaseolus lectins. The hemagglutinating activity of the lectin was stable within the pH range of 1-14 and the temperature range of 0-80 degrees C. The lectin potently suppressed proliferation of MCF-7 (breast cancer) cells with an IC(50) of 1.3 microM, and inhibited the activity of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase with an IC(50) of 7.6 microM. The lectin evoked a mitogenic response from murine splenocytes as evidenced by an increase in [3H-methyl]-thymidine incorporation. The lectin had no antifungal activity. It did not stimulate nitric oxide production by murine peritoneal macrophages. Chemical modification results indicated that tryptophan was crucial for the hemagglutinating activity of the lectin. PMID:19343172

Sharma, Arishya; Ng, Tzi Bun; Wong, Jack Ho; Lin, Peng

2009-01-01

236

Acid and Neutral Invertases in the Mesocarp of Developing Muskmelon (Cucumis melo L. cv Prince) Fruit  

PubMed Central

Acid and neutral invertases were found in the mesocarp of developing muskmelon (Cucumis melo L. cv Prince) fruit and the activities of these enzymes declined with maturation of the fruit, concomitantly with the accumulation of sucrose. Neutral invertase was only present in the soluble fraction and acid invertase was present in both the soluble and cell-wall fractions. The cell-wall fraction contained three types of acid invertase: a NaCl-released invertase; an EDTA-released invertase, and a tightly bound invertase that still remained on the cell wall after treatment with NaCl and EDTA. The soluble acid and neutral invertases could be separated from one another by chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and they exhibited clear differences in their properties, namely, in their pH optima, substrate specificity, Km values for sucrose, and inhibition by metal ions. The EDTA-released invertase and the soluble acid invertase were similar with regard to their chromatographic behavior on DEAE-cellulose, but the NaCl-released invertase was different because it was adsorbed to a column of CM-cellulose. The soluble acid invertase and two cell-wall bound invertases had very similar characteristics with regard to optimal pH and temperature, Km value for sucrose, and substrate specificity. PMID:16668269

Ranwala, Anil P.; Iwanami, Shun-Suke; Masuda, Hiroshi

1991-01-01

237

In vitro regeneration in olive (Olea europaea L.) cv, 'Frontio' from nodal segments.  

PubMed

An efficient and reproducible protocol for plantlet regeneration from nodal segments of Olive cv 'Frontio' has been developed. Media and explants browning due to exudation of phenolics from the explants were controlled by fortification of the medium with 100 mg/L ascorbic acid. Best establishment of olive explants was observed on half-strength MS salts fortified with 2.0 mg/L 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP), which resulted in 56.2% of bud break and 93.7% survival whereas, a combination of full strength MS medium with 1.0 mg/L each of 3-indole-butyric-acid (IBA) and kinetin was found to be the best for shoot multiplication, in terms of number of shoots (3.6 shoots/explant) and shoot length (2.2 cm). The in vitro shoots were rooted on half-strength MS medium fortified with 0.2 mg/L IBA and 0.2 mg/L alpha-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) with 1.5 g/L activated charcoal, which supported optimum rooting (60%), with an average of 2-3 roots/shoot, about 2.4 cm length were produced on four weeks of culture. PMID:25241592

Mangal, Manisha; Sharma, Dheeraj; Sharma, Mamta; Kumar, Sunil

2014-09-01

238

Folate levels and polyglutamylation profiles of papaya (Carica papaya cv. Maradol) during fruit development and ripening.  

PubMed

Folates are essential micronutrients for humans, and their deficiency causes several detrimental effects on human health. Papaya fruit is an important natural source of some micronutrients. This paper presents a first complete characterization of folate derivatives accumulated in cv. Maradol papaya during fruit development and ripening processes. During postharvest ripening, the fruit accumulated up to 24.5% of the daily folate recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for an adult in a 1 cup (145 g) portion. Tetrahydrofolate (THF) and 5-methyl-THF were the predominant folate classes observed. Surprisingly, an unusually long polyglutamylation profile of tentatively up to 17 glutamates linked to 5-methyl-THF was detected; to the authors' knowledge, this very long polyglutamyl tail has not been reported for any organism, and it is probably characteristic of this plant species. This polyglutamylation degree changed throughout fruit development and ripening, showing the largest differences at the onset of ripening. This work raises questions about the functional role of folate derivatives in fruit development. PMID:23574547

Ramos-Parra, Perla A; García-Salinas, Carolina; Hernández-Brenes, Carmen; de la Garza, Rocío I Díaz

2013-04-24

239

Efficient and stable transformation of Lactuca sativa L. cv. Cisco (lettuce) plastids.  

PubMed

Transgenic plastids offer unique advantages in plant biotechnology, including high-level foreign protein expression. However, broad application of plastid genome engineering in biotechnology has been largely hampered by the lack of plastid transformation systems for major crops. Here we describe the development of a plastid transformation system for lettuce, Lactuca sativa L. cv. Cisco. The transforming DNA carries a spectinomycin-resistance gene (aadA) under the control of lettuce chloroplast regulatory expression elements, flanked by two adjacent lettuce plastid genome sequences allowing its targeted insertion between the rbcL and accD genes. On average, we obtained 1 transplastomic lettuce plant per bombardment. We show that lettuce leaf chloroplasts can express transgene-encoded GFP to approximately 36% of the total soluble protein. All transplastomic T0 plants were fertile and the T1 progeny uniformly showed stability of the transgene in the chloroplast genome. This system will open up new possibilities for the efficient production of edible vaccines, pharmaceuticals, and antibodies in plants. PMID:16604461

Kanamoto, Hirosuke; Yamashita, Atsushi; Asao, Hiroshi; Okumura, Satoru; Takase, Hisabumi; Hattori, Masahira; Yokota, Akiho; Tomizawa, Ken-Ichi

2006-04-01

240

Specific poly-phenolic compounds in cell culture of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Gamay Fréaux.  

PubMed

Cell cultures established from plants represent an attractive alternative to whole plants for effective production of bioactive secondary metabolites. Cell culture from Vitis vinifera L. cv. Gamay Fréaux accumulated high amounts of hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives and anthocyanins. Two new compounds were identified: 3-O-glucosylresveratrol, a stilbene derivative, abundant in cell suspension culture, and a hydroxyphenol, 4-(3,5-dihydroxyphenyl)-phenol, abundant in callus culture. The major anthocyanin monoglucosides present in cell suspension culture were cyanidin 3-O-glucoside and peonidin 3-O-glucoside, and the major cinnamoyl derivatives were cyanidin 3-O-p-coumaryl glucoside and peonidin 3-O-p-coumaryl glucoside. Three minor anthocyanin compounds were found in V. vinifera cell culture: delphinidin 3-O-glucoside, petunidin 3-O-glucoside, and delphinidin 3-O-pcoumaryl glucoside. Anthocyanin levels of cell suspension cultures increased significantly--about eight fold--after 4-day cultivation in new medium. Salicylic acid at a concentration of 50 ?M did not enhance anthocyanin accumulation in cell suspension culture, and similar levels of jasmonic acid significantly reduced the anthocyanin content. PMID:21061087

Mewis, Inga; Smetanska, Iryna M; Müller, Carsten T; Ulrichs, Christian

2011-05-01

241

Molecular properties and activities of tuber proteins from starch potato cv. Kuras.  

PubMed

Potato starch production leaves behind a huge amount of juice. This juice is rich in protein, which might be exploited for food, biotechnological, and pharmaceutical applications. In northern Europe cv. Kuras is dominant for industrial starch production, and juice protein of freshly harvested mature tubers was fractionated by Superdex 200 gel filtration. The fractions were subjected to selected activity assays (patatin, peroxidase, glyoxalases I and II, alpha-mannosidase, inhibition of trypsin, Fusarium protease, and alcalase) and protein subunit size determination by SDS-PAGE and mass spectrometry. Proteins present in SDS-PAGE bands were identified by tryptic peptide mass fingerprinting. Protein complexes such as ribosomes and proteasomes eluted with the void volume of the gel filtration. Large proteins were enzymes of starch synthesis dominated by starch phosphorylase L-1 (ca. 4% of total protein). Five identified dimeric patatin variants (25%) coeluted with four monomeric lipoxygenase variants (10%) at 97 kDa. Protease inhibitor I variants (4%) at 46 kDa (hexamer) inhibited alcalase. Fourteen Kunitz protease inhibitor variants (30%) at 19 kDa inhibited trypsin and Fusarium protease. Carboxypeptidase inhibitor variants (5%) and defensins (5%) coeluted with phenolics. The native sizes and molecular properties were determined for 43 different potato tuber proteins, several for the first time. PMID:17147423

Jørgensen, Malene; Bauw, Guy; Welinder, Karen G

2006-12-13

242

Transpiration, crop coefficient and water use of Olive tree (cv. Cordovil) in Southern Portugal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Orchard olive transpiration, soil water status and stomatal response in relation to water deficit were investigated to clarify mechanisms of tree water uptake and stomatal control to improve the irrigation scheduling of low-density olive trees of cv. Cordovil grown in typical Mediterranean environment of Southern Portugal. Trees were subject to three irrigation treatments. Treatment A received 100% of crop evapotranspiration by a drip irrigation system, a sustained deficit (SDI)treatment B received 60% of crop evapotranspiration, a regulated deficit(RDI) irrigation treatment C received irrigation water before-flowering and just before pit-hardening, and a Dry-farming treatment. Tree and orchard transpiration and the dynamics of water uptake by roots were estimated from sap flow measurements and water balance technique. Stomatal conductance was modeled from local meteorological variables, measured sap flow and tree canopy variables. Higher than treatment A and B stomatal conductance and the high tree fruit production recommend treatment C as most suitable for scheduling irrigation of olive orchards in wet years of well distributed late summer rainfall. For drier years of no summer and early autumn rains that minimizes available water to extract by roots outside the wet bulb of drip irrigation and for the scarce readily available irrigation water years, as so often occurs in the region, the sustained deficit irrigation (SDI) regime seems a better option. Nonetheless, for years of limited available water resources that preclude sustained deficit irrigation, careful management of the proposed RDI could also allow for efficient use of irrigation water.

Santos, F. L.

2008-12-01

243

Occurrence of metaxenia and false hybrids in Brassica juncea L. cv. Kikarashina × B. napus  

PubMed Central

Imported genetically modified (GM) canola (Brassica napus) is approved by Japanese law. Some GM canola varieties have been found around importation sites, and there is public concern that these may have any harmful effects on related species such as reduction of wild relatives. Because B. juncea is distributed throughout Japan and is known to be high crossability with B. napus, it is assumed to be a recipient of B. napus. However, there are few reports for introgression of cross-combination in B. juncea × B. napus. To assess crossability, we artificially pollinated B. juncea with B. napus. After harvesting a large number of progeny seeds, we observed false hybrids and metaxenia of seed coats. Seed coat color was classified into four categories and false hybrids were confirmed by morphological characteristics and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. Furthermore, the occurrence of false hybrids was affected by varietal differences in B. napus, whereas that of metaxenia was related to hybridity. Therefore, we suggest that metaxenia can be used as a marker for hybrid identification in B. juncea L. cv. Kikarashina × B. napus. Our results suggest that hybrid productivity in B. juncea × B. napus should not be evaluated by only seed productivity, crossability ought to be assessed the detection of true hybrids. PMID:23136472

Tsuda, Mai; Konagaya, Ken-ichi; Okuzaki, Ayako; Kaneko, Yukio; Tabei, Yutaka

2011-01-01

244

Chlorophyll Biosynthetic Reactions during Senescence of Excised Barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv IB 65) Leaves.  

PubMed Central

The chlorophyll (Chl) biosynthetic reactions were monitored during senescence of dark-incubated excised barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv IB 65) leaves floated in double-distilled water or kinetin solution. Kinetin abolished the degradation of Chl but failed to check the net degradation of protochlorophyllide (Pchlide), suggesting that different sets of enzymes, i.e. kinetin sensitive and insensitive, are responsible for the degradation of Chl and Pchlide, respectively. Upon exposure of the leaves to light, the dark-accumulated Pchlide was efficiently phototransformed to chorophyllide (Chlide), even on the 7th d of dark incubation, demonstrating that the activity of Pchlide reductase, one of the late enzymes of the Chl biosynthetic pathway, is not substantially affected during senescence. The senescing leaves continued to synthesize Pchlide and Chlide until the 7th d, although at a reduced rate (20% of the 1st d). The decline of the rate of synthesis of Pchlide and Chlide is due to the loss of activity of two early enzymes of the Chl biosynthetic pathway, i.e. 5-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase and porphobilinogen deaminase. Kinetin substantially checked the loss of activity of these two enzymes. PMID:12232286

Hukmani, P.; Tripathy, B. C.

1994-01-01

245

The effects of Pierce's disease on leaf and petiole hydraulic conductance in Vitis vinifera cv. Chardonnay.  

PubMed

In this study, we test the hypothesis that the symptoms of Pierce's Disease (PD) result from the occlusion of xylem conduits by the bacteria Xylella fastidiosa (Xf ). Four treatments were imposed on greenhouse-grown Vitis vinifera cv. Chardonnay: well-watered and deficit-irrigated plants with and without petiole inoculation with Xf. The hydraulic conductance of the stem-petiole junction (k(jun)) and leaves (k(leaf)) were measured, and Xf concentrations were established by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Leaf hydraulic conductance decreased with increasing leaf scorch symptoms in both irrigation treatments. The positive relationship between Xf concentration and symptom formation in deficit-irrigated plants suggests that water-stress increases susceptibility to PD. In field-grown vines, water relations of symptomatic leaves were similar to naturally senescing leaves but differed from green control leaves. Overall, these results suggest that the development of PD symptoms represents a form of accelerated senescence as part of a systemic response of the plant to Xf infection. PMID:19470095

Choat, Brendan; Gambetta, Greg A; Wada, Hiroshi; Shackel, Kenneth A; Matthews, Mark A

2009-08-01

246

The BANANA project. V. Misaligned and precessing stellar rotation axes in CV Velorum  

E-print Network

As part of the BANANA project (Binaries Are Not Always Neatly Aligned), we have found that the eclipsing binary CV Velorum has misaligned rotation axes. Based on our analysis of the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect, we find sky-projected spin-orbit angles of $\\beta_{\\rm p} = -52\\pm6^{\\circ}$ and $\\beta_{\\rm s}= 3\\pm7^{\\circ}$ for the primary and secondary stars (B2.5V $+$ B2.5V, $P=6.9$ d). We combine this information with several measurements of changing projected stellar rotation speeds ($v \\sin i_{\\star}$) over the last $30$ years, leading to a model in which the primary star's obliquity is $\\approx65^{\\circ}$, and its spin axis precesses around the total angular momentum vector with a period of about $140$ years. The geometry of the secondary star is less clear, although a significant obliquity is also implicated by the observed time variations in the $v \\sin i_{\\star}$. By integrating the secular tidal evolution equations backward in time, we find that the system could have evolved from a state of even stronge...

Albrecht, Simon; Torres, Guillermo; Fabrycky, Daniel C; Setiawan, Johny; Gillon, Michael; Jehin, Emmanuel; Triaud, Amaury; Queloz, Didier; Snellen, Ignas; Eggleton, Peter

2014-01-01

247

The BANANA Project. V. Misaligned and Precessing Stellar Rotation Axes in CV Velorum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of the Binaries Are Not Always Neatly Aligned project (BANANA), we have found that the eclipsing binary CV Velorum has misaligned rotation axes. Based on our analysis of the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect, we find sky-projected spin-orbit angles of ?p = -52° ± 6° and ?s = 3° ± 7° for the primary and secondary stars (B2.5V + B2.5V, P = 6.9 days). We combine this information with several measurements of changing projected stellar rotation speeds (vsin i sstarf) over the last 30 yr, leading to a model in which the primary star's obliquity is ?65°, and its spin axis precesses around the total angular momentum vector with a period of about 140 yr. The geometry of the secondary star is less clear, although a significant obliquity is also implicated by the observed time variations in the vsin i sstarf. By integrating the secular tidal evolution equations backward in time, we find that the system could have evolved from a state of even stronger misalignment similar to DI Herculis, a younger but otherwise comparable binary. Based on observations made with ESOs 2.2 m Telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under programme ID 084.C-1008 and under MPIA guaranteed time.

Albrecht, Simon; Winn, Joshua N.; Torres, Guillermo; Fabrycky, Daniel C.; Setiawan, Johny; Gillon, Michaël; Jehin, Emmanuel; Triaud, Amaury; Queloz, Didier; Snellen, Ignas; Eggleton, Peter

2014-04-01

248

Noble gases in individual chondrules of the Allende CV3 chondrite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyzed noble gases in nine individual chondrules, an assemblage of small chondrules, and four whole-rock samples of the Allende CV3 chondrite. Major elements were also determined for five chondrules. The cosmic ray exposure ages are calculated from cosmogenic 3He to be 5.17 ± 0.38 and 5.15 ± 0.25 Myr for the averages of the chondrules and whole rocks, respectively, showing no significant pre-exposure evidence for the studied chondrules. Large amounts of 36Ar, 80,82Kr, and 128Xe produced by neutron capture are observed in most samples; the abundances of these nuclides are correlated among the samples. The epithermal neutron flux and neutron slowing down density are calculated based on [80Kr]n, from which a sample depth of about 30 cm can be calculated. The measured chondrules contain variable amounts of radiogenic 129Xe. The abundance ratios of radiogenic 129Xe to neutron capture-produced 128Xe are rather constant among the studied chondrules; four chondrules give more precise ratios at the high-temperature fractions, ranging from 1920 ± 80 to 2280 ± 140, which corresponds to a time difference of 3.9 ± 2.4 Myr. It is noticeable that most chondrules also contain 244Pu-derived fission Xe. The average 244Pu/238U ratio for nine chondrules is 0.0069 ± 0.0018, which agrees well with the preferred ratio reported for chondrites.

Miura, Yayoi N.; Nagao, Keisuke; Kimura, Makoto

2014-06-01

249

Diurnal cycles of embolism formation and repair in petioles of grapevine (Vitis vinifera cv. Chasselas)  

PubMed Central

The impact of water deficit on stomatal conductance (gs), petiole hydraulic conductance (Kpetiole), and vulnerability to cavitation (PLC, percentage loss of hydraulic conductivity) in leaf petioles has been observed on field-grown vines (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Chasselas). Petioles were highly vulnerable to cavitation, with a 50% loss of hydraulic conductivity at a stem xylem water potential (?x) of –0.95?MPa, and up to 90% loss of conductivity at a ?x of –1.5?MPa. Kpetiole described a daily cycle, decreasing during the day as water stress and evapotranspiration increased, then rising again in the early evening up to the previous morning's Kpetiole levels. In water-stressed vines, PLC increased sharply during the daytime and reached maximum values (70–90%) in the middle of the afternoon. Embolism repair occurred in petioles from the end of the day through the night. Indeed, PLC decreased in darkness in water-stressed vines. PLC variation in irrigated plants showed the same tendency, but with a smaller amplitude. The Chasselas cultivar appears to develop hydraulic segmentation, in which petiole cavitation plays an important role as a ‘hydraulic fuse’, thereby limiting leaf transpiration and the propagation of embolism and preserving the integrity of other organs (shoots and roots) during water stress. In the present study, progressive stomatal closure responded to a decrease in Kpetiole and an increase in cavitation events. Almost total closure of stomata (90%) was measured when PLC in petioles reached >90%. PMID:21447755

Zufferey, V.; Cochard, H.; Ameglio, T.; Spring, J.-L.; Viret, O.

2011-01-01

250

Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitor Activity of Terpenoid and Pyrrole Compounds Isolated from Snake Fruit (Salacca edulis Reinw.) cv. Bongkok  

Microsoft Academic Search

The compound of 3β-hydroxy-sitosterol (1) and 2-metylester-1-H-pyrrole-4-carboxilyc acid were isolated from ethyl acetate extract of snake fruit (Salacca edulis Reinw) cv. Bongkok, (2). Inhibition of xanthine oxidase by the two compounds were evaluated against enzyme of xanthine oxidase. Compound 1 could be regarded as inactive, while compound 2 was found to be active with IC50 value of 48.86 μg mL-1.

Leni Herliani Afrianti Priyatno; Elin Yulinah Sukandar; Slamet Ibrahim; I. Ketut Adnyana

2007-01-01

251

Direct shoot organogenesis on hypocotyl explants from in vitro germinated seedlings of Psidium guajava L. cv. Allahabad Safeda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiple shoots were generated via direct organogenesis on hypocotyl segments excised from in vitro germinated seedlings (45-day-old) of Psidium guajava L. cv. Allahabad Safeda. Modified basal Murashige and Skoog (MMS) medium supplemented with 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP), zeatin or thidiazuron with or without ?-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) were tried. Thidiazuron (0.1?M) along with 0.54?M NAA gave the highest response (44.6%) with the

S. K Singh; P. R Meghwal; H. C Sharma; S. P Singh

2002-01-01

252

An interspecific somatic hybrid between upland cotton ( G. hirsutum L. cv. ZDM-3) and wild diploid cotton ( G. klotzschianum A.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Somatic hybrids were produced through protoplast electrofusion between the tetraploid cotton Gossypium hirsutum L. cv. ZDM-3 and the wild diploid cotton G. klotzschianum. Hybrid plants were generated from 3 out of 24 callus lines that were derived from fused protoplasts. Hybrid plants were\\u000a initially identified as somatic hybrids by ploidy analysis: the plants from the 3 callus lines had chromosome

Yuqiang SunShoumei; Shoumei Liu; Yu Wang; Brian Joseph Jones; Huizhong Wang; Shuijin Zhu

2011-01-01

253

OpenCV C# wrapper based video enhancement using different optical flow methods in the super-resolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a simple method on how to implement a super-resolution based video enhancement technique in .NET using the functions of the OpenCV library. First, we outline the goal of this project and after that, a short review of the steps of super-resolution technique is given. As a part of the discussion about the concrete implementation, firstly the general

A. Nagy; Z. Vamossy

2008-01-01

254

Effect of the rootstock on the occurrence of lime-induced chlorosis of potted Vitis vinifera L. cv. ‘Pinot blanc’  

Microsoft Academic Search

The chlorosis susceptible Vitis vinifera L. cv. ‘Pinot blanc’ was grafted on two hybrid rootstocks with different iron efficiency, as follows: V. Berlandieri × V. rupestris ‘140 Ru’ (iron-efficient) and V. riparia × V. rupestris ‘101-14’ (iron-inefficient). The grafted vines were grown in pots of a calcareous and a non-calcareous soil. The shoot growth was periodically checked and leaves, selected

L. Bavaresco; P. Fraschini; A. Perino

1993-01-01

255

The influence of storage on aroma, soluble solids, acid and colour of sour cherries (Prunus cerasus L.) cv. Stevnsbær  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study involved a laboratory scale experiment where the impact of post-harvest storage on the quality of sour\\u000a cherries (Prunus cerasus L.) cv Stevnsb?r was investigated. Cherries were stored for 7 days at temperatures of 2???C, 10???C, 20???C, and 30???C,\\u000a and at 20???C in combination with a 20% CO2 atmosphere. Cherry quality was assessed by analysis of soluble solids,

M. B. Petersen; L. Poll

1999-01-01

256

Improved Antioxidant and Anti-inflammatory Potential in Mice Consuming Sour Cherry Juice ( Prunus Cerasus cv. Maraska)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present investigation tested the in vivo antioxidant efficacy (superoxide dismutase, SOD; catalase, CAT; glutathione peroxidase; Gpx), lipid peroxidation (LPO) and\\u000a anti-inflammatory properties (cyclooxygenase-2; COX-2) of sour cherry juices obtained from an autochthonous cultivar (Prunus cerasus cv. Maraska) that is grown in coastal parts of Croatia. Antioxidant potential was tested in mouse tissue (blood, liver, and\\u000a brain), LPO (liver, brain)

Ana Šari?; Sandra Sobo?anec; Tihomir Balog; Borka Kuši?; Višnja Šverko; Verica Dragovi?-Uzelac; Branka Levaj; Zrinka ?osi?; Željka Ma?ak Šafranko; Tatjana Marotti

2009-01-01

257

CERES BiDirectional Scans (BDS) data in HDF (CER_BDS_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Each BiDirectional Scans (BDS) data product contains twenty-four hours of Level-1b data for each CERES scanner instrument mounted on each spacecraft. The BDS includes samples taken in normal and short Earth scan elevation profiles in both fixed and rotating azimuth scan modes (including space, internal calibration, and solar calibration views). The BDS contains Level-0 raw (unconverted) science and instrument data as well as the geolocated converted science and instrument data. The BDS contains additional data not found in the Level-0 input file, including converted satellite position and velocity data, celestial data, converted digital status data, and parameters used in the radiance count conversion equations. The following CERES BDS data sets are currently available: CER_BDS_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_BDS_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_BDS_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_BDS_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_BDS_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_BDS_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_BDS_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_BDS_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1997-12-27; Stop_Date=2006-11-02] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Temporal_Resolution=1 day; Temporal_Resolution_Range=Daily - < Weekly].

Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

258

Plant Regeneration from Immature Inflorescence Culture and Genetic Transformation of Wheatgrass ( Agropyron cristatum × A. desertorum cv. Hycrest-Mengnong)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The plants of hybrid wheatgrass (A. cristatum × A. desertorum cv. Hycrest-Mengnong) were directly induced from embryogenic callus regenerated from immature inflorescence. Immature inflorescence was cultured on improved MS medium containing 2.0-3.0 mg L?1 2,4-D to regenerate callus. The calli were then transferred to hormone-free MS medium for differentiation and 1\\/2 MS medium for rooting. Results showed that callus initiation

Xiu-wen HUO; Jian-hua WEI; Chun-bo XU; Fu-gui MI; Jin-feng YUN

2006-01-01

259

Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-Bisphosphate Induces Actin Stress-Fiber Formation and Inhibits Membrane Ruffling in Cv1 Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Phosphatidylinositol 4,5 bisphosphate (PIP 2 ) is widely implicated in cytoskeleton regulation, but the mechanisms by which PIP 2 effect cytoskeletal changes are not defined. We used recombinant adenovirus to in- fect CV1 cells with the mouse type I phosphatidylinosi- tol phosphate 5-kinase a (PIP5KI), and identified the players that modulate the cytoskeleton in response to PIP 2 signaling. PIP5KI

Masaya Yamamoto; Donald H. Hilgemann; Siyi Feng; Haruhiko Bito; Hisamitsu Ishihara; Yoshikazu Shibasaki; Helen L. Yin

2001-01-01

260

Anthocyanin compositions and biological activities from the red petals of Korean edible rose ( Rosa hybrida cv. Noblered)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of the present study were to investigate anthocyanin profiles and their biological properties, including antioxidant, anticancer, and antiallergic, from the red petals of Korean edible rose (Rosa hybrida cv. Noblered). The acidic methanol extract of this species showed potent biological activities at a concentration of 50?g\\/mL. Its anthocyanins were characterised as cyanidin 3,5-di-O-glucoside and pelargonidin 3,5-di-O-glucoside using reversed-phase

Jin Hwan Lee; Hyeon-Jin Lee; Myoung-Gun Choung

2011-01-01

261

CERES BiDirectional Scans (BDS) data in HDF (CER_BDS_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Each BiDirectional Scans (BDS) data product contains twenty-four hours of Level-1b data for each CERES scanner instrument mounted on each spacecraft. The BDS includes samples taken in normal and short Earth scan elevation profiles in both fixed and rotating azimuth scan modes (including space, internal calibration, and solar calibration views). The BDS contains Level-0 raw (unconverted) science and instrument data as well as the geolocated converted science and instrument data. The BDS contains additional data not found in the Level-0 input file, including converted satellite position and velocity data, celestial data, converted digital status data, and parameters used in the radiance count conversion equations. The following CERES BDS data sets are currently available: CER_BDS_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_BDS_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_BDS_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_BDS_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_BDS_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_BDS_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_BDS_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_BDS_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1997-12-27; Stop_Date=2006-11-02] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Temporal_Resolution=1 day; Temporal_Resolution_Range=Daily - < Weekly].

Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

262

CERES BiDirectional Scans (BDS) data in HDF (CER_BDS_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Each BiDirectional Scans (BDS) data product contains twenty-four hours of Level-1b data for each CERES scanner instrument mounted on each spacecraft. The BDS includes samples taken in normal and short Earth scan elevation profiles in both fixed and rotating azimuth scan modes (including space, internal calibration, and solar calibration views). The BDS contains Level-0 raw (unconverted) science and instrument data as well as the geolocated converted science and instrument data. The BDS contains additional data not found in the Level-0 input file, including converted satellite position and velocity data, celestial data, converted digital status data, and parameters used in the radiance count conversion equations. The following CERES BDS data sets are currently available: CER_BDS_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_BDS_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_BDS_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_BDS_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_BDS_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_BDS_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_BDS_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_BDS_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1997-12-27; Stop_Date=2006-11-02] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Temporal_Resolution=1 day; Temporal_Resolution_Range=Daily - < Weekly].

Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

263

CERES BiDirectional Scans (BDS) data in HDF (CER_BDS_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Each BiDirectional Scans (BDS) data product contains twenty-four hours of Level-1b data for each CERES scanner instrument mounted on each spacecraft. The BDS includes samples taken in normal and short Earth scan elevation profiles in both fixed and rotating azimuth scan modes (including space, internal calibration, and solar calibration views). The BDS contains Level-0 raw (unconverted) science and instrument data as well as the geolocated converted science and instrument data. The BDS contains additional data not found in the Level-0 input file, including converted satellite position and velocity data, celestial data, converted digital status data, and parameters used in the radiance count conversion equations. The following CERES BDS data sets are currently available: CER_BDS_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_BDS_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_BDS_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_BDS_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_BDS_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_BDS_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_BDS_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_BDS_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_BDS_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1997-12-27; Stop_Date=2005-03-30] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Temporal_Resolution=1 day; Temporal_Resolution_Range=Daily - < Weekly].

Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

264

Adenoviruses 16 and CV23 Efficiently Transduce Human Low-passage Brain Tumor and Cancer Stem Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most clinical protocols involving adenovirus (Ad) vectors for gene therapy use a vector based on serotype 5 (Ad5). We believe that this serotype is not suitable for all gene therapy applications and that alternative vectors based on other serotypes should be developed. We have compared the ability of Ad5, Ad11p, Ad16p, and a chimpanzee Ad (CV23) to infect human low-passage

Johan Skog; Karin Edlund; A Tommy Bergenheim; Göran Wadell

2007-01-01

265

Characterization of bisphenol A metabolites produced by Portulaca oleracea cv. by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry.  

PubMed

The garden plant portulaca (Portulaca oleracea cv.) efficiently removes bisphenol A (BPA), an endocrine-disrupting chemical, from a hydroponic solution, but the molecular mechanisms underlying BPA metabolism by portulaca remain unclear. In this study, BPA metabolites converted by portulaca were analyzed by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. We observed the hydroxylation of BPA and the oxidization of it to quinone. Polyphenol oxidases are likely to contribute to BPA degradation by portulaca. PMID:22738977

Watanabe, Ippei; Harada, Kazuo; Matsui, Takeshi; Miyasaka, Hitoshi; Okuhata, Hiroshi; Tanaka, Satoshi; Nakayama, Hideki; Kato, Ko; Bamba, Takeshi; Hirata, Kazumasa

2012-01-01

266

Induction of high-frequency somatic embryogenesis in geranium ( Pelargonium x hortorum Bailey cv Ringo Rose) cotyledonary cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cv Ringo Rose of hybrid seed geranium (Pelargonium x hortorum Bailey), previously shown to be recalcitrant in culture, produced somatic embryos when cotyledonary explants were cultured on regeneration medium containing thidiazuron (TDZ), forchlorfenuron (CPPU), or a combination of indole-3-acetic acid and N6 benzylaminopurine (IAA+BAP). Amendment of the basal medium with TDZ (0.5 µM) was the most effective treatment. Addition

B. N. S. Murthy; R. P. Singh; Praveen K. Saxena

1996-01-01

267

Improved antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential in mice consuming sour cherry juice (Prunus Cerasus cv. Maraska).  

PubMed

The present investigation tested the in vivo antioxidant efficacy (superoxide dismutase, SOD; catalase, CAT; glutathione peroxidase; Gpx), lipid peroxidation (LPO) and anti-inflammatory properties (cyclooxygenase-2; COX-2) of sour cherry juices obtained from an autochthonous cultivar (Prunus cerasus cv. Maraska) that is grown in coastal parts of Croatia. Antioxidant potential was tested in mouse tissue (blood, liver, and brain), LPO (liver, brain) and anti-inflammatory properties in glycogen elicited macrophages. Additionally, the concentration of cyanidin-3-glucoside, cyanidin-3-rutinoside, pelargonidin-3-glucoside, pelargonidin-3-rutinoside and total anthocyanins present in Prunus cerasus cv. Maraska cherry juice was determined. Mice were randomly divided into a control group (fed with commercial food pellets) and 2 experimental groups (fed with commercial food pellets with 10% or 50% of cherry juice added). Among the anthocyanins, the cyanidin-3-glucoside was present in the highest concentration. These results show antioxidant action of cherry juice through increased SOD (liver, blood) and Gpx (liver) activity and decreased LPO concentration. The study highlights cherry juice as a potent COX-2 inhibitor and antioxidant in the liver and blood of mice, but not in the brain. Thus, according to our study, Prunus cerasus cv. Maraska cherry juice might potentially be used as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory product with beneficial health-promoting properties. PMID:19763832

Sari?, Ana; Sobocanec, Sandra; Balog, Tihomir; Kusi?, Borka; Sverko, Visnja; Dragovi?-Uzelac, Verica; Levaj, Branka; Cosi?, Zrinka; Macak Safranko, Zeljka; Marotti, Tatjana

2009-12-01

268

Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at Riverland Dingo Observatory (RDO): 501 Urhixidur, 1897 Hind, 1928 Summa, 6261 Chione, and (68216) 2001 CV 26.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lightcurves for five asteroids selected from the Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link (CALL) were obtained at Riverland Dingo Observatory (RDO) from 2012 July-September: 501 Urhixidur, 1897 Hind, 1928 Summa, 6261 Chione, and (68216) 2001 CV26.

Hills, Kevin

2013-01-01

269

Endogenous gibberellin- and cytokinin-like substances in cultured shoot tissues of apple, Malus pumila cv. Jonathan, in relation to adventitious root formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The frequencies of adventitious root formation in vitro of isolated shoots from bud cultures of apple (Malus pumila cv. Jonathan) after 1, 7 and 31 subcultures (weeks 5, 29 and 109 after the initial culture) were 5, 78 and 95% respectively. Endogenous gibberellin-like substances (GA) were extracted, chromatographed on SiO2 partition columns, and assayed on dwarf rice (Oryza sativa cv.

KIYOTOSHI TAKENOI; John S. Taylor; S. SRISKANDARAJAHZ; P. Pharis Richard; G. Mullins Michael

1982-01-01

270

Triacylglycerol Bioassembly in Microspore-Derived Embryos of Brassica napus L. cv Reston 1  

PubMed Central

Erucic acid (22:1) was chosen as a marker to study triacylglycerol (TAG) biosynthesis in a Brassica napus L. cv Reston microspore-derived (MD) embryo culture system. TAGs accumulating during embryo development exhibited changes in acyl composition similar to those observed in developing zygotic embryos of the same cv, particularly with respect to erucic and eicosenoic acids. However, MD embryos showed a much higher rate of incorporation of 14C-erucoyl moieties into TAGs in vitro than zygotic embryos. Homogenates of early-late cotyledonary stage MD embryos (14-29 days in culture) were assessed for the ability to incorporate 22:1 and 18:1 (oleoyl) moieties into glycerolipids. In the presence of [1-14C]22:1-coenzyme A (CoA) and various acyl acceptors, including glycerol-3-phosphate (G-3-P), radiolabeled erucoyl moieties were rapidly incorporated into the TAG fraction, but virtually excluded from other Kennedy Pathway intermediates as well as complex polar lipids. This pattern of erucoyl incorporation was unchanged during time course experiments or upon incubation of homogenates with chemicals known to inhibit Kennedy Pathway enzymes. In marked contrast, parallel experiments conducted using [1-14C]18:1-CoA and G-3-P indicated that 14C oleoyl moieties were incorporated into lyso-phosphatidic acids, phosphatidic acids, diacylglycerols, and TAGs of the Kennedy Pathway, as well as other complex polar lipids, such as phosphatidylcholines and phosphatidylethanolamines. When supplied with l-[2-3H(N)]G-3-P and [1-14C]22:1-CoA, the radiolabeled TAG pool contained both isotopes, indicating G-3-P to be a true acceptor of erucoyl moieties. Radio-high-performance liquid chromatography, argentation thin-layer chromatography/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and stereospecific analyses of radiolabeled TAGs indicated that 22:1 was selectively incorporated into the sn-3 position by a highly active diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT; EC 2.3.1.20), while oleoyl moieties were inserted into the sn-1 and sn-2 positions. In the presence of sn-1,2-dierucin and [1-14C]22:1-CoA, homogenates and microsomal preparations were able to produce radiolabeled trierucin, a TAG not found endogenously in this species. A 105,000g pellet fraction contained 22:1-CoA:DGAT exhibiting the highest specific activity. The rate of 22:1-CoA:DGAT activity in vitro could more than account for the maximal rate of TAG biosynthesis observed in vivo during embryo development. In double label experiments, G-3-P was shown to stimulate the conversion of [3H]phosphatidylcholines to [3H]diacylglycerols, which subsequently acted as acceptors for 14C erucoyl moieties. In vitro, 22:1 moieties did not enter the sn-1 position of TAGs by a postsynthetic modification or transacylation of preformed TAGs. PMID:16668417

Taylor, David C.; Weber, Nikolaus; Barton, Dennis L.; Underhill, Edward W.; Hogge, Lawrence R.; Weselake, Randall J.; Pomeroy, M. Keith

1991-01-01

271

Transcriptome changes in grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) cv. Malbec leaves induced by ultraviolet-B radiation  

PubMed Central

Background Ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B, 280-315 nm) is a natural component of sunlight, which has numerous regulatory effects on plant physiology. The nature of the response to UV-B is dependent on fluence rate, dose, duration and wavelength of the UV-B treatment. Some reports have analyzed the changes in gene expression caused by UV-B light on several plant species using microarray technology. However, there is no information on the transcriptome response triggered by UV-B in grapevine. In this paper we investigate the gene expression responses of leaves from in vitro cultured Vitis vinifera cv. Malbec plants subjected to the same dose of biologically effective UV-B radiation (4.75 kJ m-2 d-1) administered at two different fluence rates (16 h at ? 8.25 ?W cm-2, 4 h at ? 33 ?W cm-2) using a new custom made GrapeGen Affymetrix GeneChip®. Results The number of genes modulated by high fluence rate UV-B doubled the number of genes modulated by low fluence UV-B. Their functional analyses revealed several functional categories commonly regulated by both UV-B treatments as well as categories more specifically modulated depending on UV-B fluence rate. General protective responses, namely the induction of pathways regulating synthesis of UV-B absorbing compounds such as the Phenylpropanoid pathway, the induction of different antioxidant defense systems and the activation of pathways commonly associated with pathogen defense and abiotic stress responses seem to play critical roles in grapevine responses against UV-B radiation. Furthermore, high fluence rate UV-B seemed to specifically modulate additional pathways and processes in order to protect grapevine plantlets against UV-B-induced oxidative stress, stop the cell cycle progression, and control protein degradation. On the other hand, low fluence rate UV-B regulated the expression of specific responses in the metabolism of auxin and abscisic acid as well as in the modification of cell walls that could be involved in UV-B acclimation-like processes. Conclusion Our results show the UV-B radiation effects on the leaf transcriptome of grapevine (Vitis vinifera cv. Malbec) plantlets. Functional categories commonly modulated under both UV-B treatments as well as transcripts specifically regulated in an UV-B-intensity dependent way were identified. While high fluence rate UV-B had regulatory effects mainly on defense or general multiple-stress responses pathways, low fluence rate UV-B promoted the expression of genes that could be involved in UV-B protection or the amelioration of the UV-B-induced damage. This study also provides an extensive list of genes regulating multiple metabolic pathways involved in the response of grapevine to UV-B that can be used for future researches. PMID:20959019

2010-01-01

272

Establishment of regeneration and transformation system in Egyptian sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) cv Sohag 1.  

PubMed

Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an important oil crop in many tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world, yet has received little attention in applying modern biotechnology in its improvement due to regeneration and transformation difficulties. Here within, we report the successful production of transgenic fertile plants of sesame (cv Sohag 1), after screening several cultivars. Agrobacterium tumefaciens- carrying the pBI121 plasmid {neomycin phosphotransferase gene (NPTII) and a ?-glucuronidase gene (GUS)} was used in all experiments. Recovery of transgenic sesame shoots was achieved using shoot induction medium (Murashige and Skoog MS basal salt mixture + Gamborg's B5 vitamins + 2.0 mg/l BA + 1.0 mg/l IAA + 5.0 mg/l AgNO3 + 30.0 g/l sucrose + 7.0 g/l agar + 200 mg/l cefotaxime and 25 mg/l kanamycin) and shoots were rooted on MS medium + B5 vitamins + 1.0 mg/l IAA + 10.0 g/l sucrose and 7.0 g/l agar. Rooted shoots were transplanted into soil and grown to maturity in greenhouse. Incorporation and expression of the GUS gene into T0 sesame plants was confirmed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR) and GUS histochemical assay. Several factors were found to be important for regeneration and transformation in sesame. The most effective were plant genotype and the addition of AgNO3 for successful recovery of sesame shoots. Co-cultivation time and optical density of the Agrobacterium were also critical for sesame transformation. This work is an attempt to open the door for further genetic improvement of sesame using important agronomic traits. PMID:22179191

Al-Shafeay, Amal F; Ibrahim, Ahmed S; Nesiem, Mohamed R; Tawfik, Mohamed S

2011-01-01

273

Nitrogen supply affects anthocyanin biosynthetic and regulatory genes in grapevine cv. Cabernet-Sauvignon berries.  

PubMed

Accumulation of anthocyanins in grape berries is influenced by environmental factors (such as temperature and light) and supply of nutrients, i.e., fluxes of carbon and nitrogen feeding the berry cells. It is established that low nitrogen supply stimulates anthocyanin production in berry skin cells of red varieties. The present works aims to gain a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in the response of anthocyanin accumulation to nitrogen supply in berries from field grown-plants. To this end, we developed an integrated approach combining monitoring of plant nitrogen status, metabolite measurements and transcript analysis. Grapevines (cv. Cabernet-Sauvignon) were cultivated in a vineyard with three nitrogen fertilization levels (0, 60 and 120 kg ha(-1) of nitrogen applied on the soil). Anthocyanin profiles were analyzed and compared with gene expression levels. Low nitrogen supply caused a significant increase in anthocyanin levels at two ripening stages (26 days post-véraison and maturity). Delphinidin and petunidin derivatives were the most affected compounds. Transcript levels of both structural and regulatory genes involved in anthocyanin synthesis confirmed the stimulation of the phenylpropanoid pathway. Genes encoding phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), chalcone synthase (CHS), flavonoid-3',5'-hydroxylase (F3'5'H), dihydroflavonol-4-reductase (DFR), leucoanthocyanidin dioxygenase (LDOX) exhibited higher transcript levels in berries from plant cultivated without nitrogen compared to the ones cultivated with 120 kg ha(-1) nitrogen fertilization. The results indicate that nitrogen controls a coordinated regulation of both positive (MYB transcription factors) and negative (LBD proteins) regulators of the flavonoid pathway in grapevine. PMID:24735825

Soubeyrand, Eric; Basteau, Cyril; Hilbert, Ghislaine; van Leeuwen, Cornelis; Delrot, Serge; Gomès, Eric

2014-07-01

274

Nature and origin of interstellar diamond from the Allende CV3 meteorite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Data and experimental evidence which support the contention that the C delta diamonds may result from grain-grain collisions in supernova shocks in the interstellar medium are presented. Fragments of the Allende CV3 chondrite were acid-treated. A whitish powder was obtained. For the Analytical Electron Microscopy (AEM) a small drop of ethanol suspension was transferred onto holey carbon support films on 3 mm EM grids. The AEM was performed on transmission-thin fragments of the material which overlay holes in the film, to eliminate interference from the substrate. Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (ESCA) was performed on a large aliquot of C. Diamond was identified by selected area electron diffraction. Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope / Energy Dispersive X-ray (STEM-EDS) microanalyses of the C delta diamond, using a light-element detector, show that oxygen and possibly nitrogen are the only impurities consistently present. ESCA spectra from bulk C delta material confirm the presence of N at a level of 0.35 percent or less. Under UV irradiation a yellow-red fluorescence is observed, consistent with that of natural diamonds containing substitutional N. Electron Energy Loss Spectra (EELS) were recorded at 2 eV resolution from the C delta diamond, high pressure synthetic diamond, a diamond film produced in a low pressure plasma by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on a heated silicon substrate (Roy, 1987), graphite, and amorphous arc sputtered carbon. Comparison of the carbon K edge shape and fine structure shows the Allende C delta phase to be largely diamond, but with a significant pre-edge absorption feature indicative of transitions of C 1s electrons into pi asterisk orbitals which are absent in the purely sp(3)-bonded diamond but present in graphite and amorphous carbon.

Blake, David; Freund, Friedemann; Bunch, Ted; Krishnan, Kannan; Stampfer, Mitch; Chang, Sherwood; Tielens, Alexander G. G. M.

1990-01-01

275

Nature and origin of interstellar diamond from the Allende CV3 meteorite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data and experimental evidence which support the contention that the C delta diamonds may result from grain-grain collisions in supernova shocks in the interstellar medium are presented. Fragments of the Allende CV3 chondrite were acid-treated. A whitish powder was obtained. For the Analytical Electron Microscopy (AEM) a small drop of ethanol suspension was transferred onto holey carbon support films on 3 mm EM grids. The AEM was performed on transmission-thin fragments of the material which overlay holes in the film, to eliminate interference from the substrate. Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (ESCA) was performed on a large aliquot of C. Diamond was identified by selected area electron diffraction. Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope / Energy Dispersive X-ray (STEM-EDS) microanalyses of the C delta diamond, using a light-element detector, show that oxygen and possibly nitrogen are the only impurities consistently present. ESCA spectra from bulk C delta material confirm the presence of N at a level of 0.35 percent or less. Under UV irradiation a yellow-red fluorescence is observed, consistent with that of natural diamonds containing substitutional N. Electron Energy Loss Spectra (EELS) were recorded at 2 eV resolution from the C delta diamond, high pressure synthetic diamond, a diamond film produced in a low pressure plasma by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on a heated silicon substrate (Roy, 1987), graphite, and amorphous arc sputtered carbon. Comparison of the carbon K edge shape and fine structure shows the Allende C delta phase to be largely diamond, but with a significant pre-edge absorption feature indicative of transitions of C 1s electrons into pi asterisk orbitals which are absent in the purely sp(3)-bonded diamond but present in graphite and amorphous carbon.

Blake, David; Freund, Friedemann; Bunch, Ted; Krishnan, Kannan; Stampfer, Mitch; Chang, Sherwood; Tielens, Alexander G. G. M.

1990-04-01

276

Solanum lycopersicum cv. Heinz 1706 chromosome 6: distribution and abundance of genes and retrotransposable elements.  

PubMed

We studied the physical and genetic organization of chromosome 6 of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Heinz 1706 by combining bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) sequence analysis, high-information-content fingerprinting, genetic analysis, and BAC-fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) mapping data. The chromosome positions of 81 anchored seed and extension BACs corresponded in most cases with the linear marker order on the high-density EXPEN 2000 linkage map. We assembled 25 BAC contigs and eight singleton BACs spanning 2.0 Mb of the short-arm euchromatin, 1.8 Mb of the pericentromeric heterochromatin and 6.9 Mb of the long-arm euchromatin. Sequence data were combined with their corresponding genetic and pachytene chromosome positions into an integrated map that covers approximately a third of the chromosome 6 euchromatin and a small part of the pericentromeric heterochromatin. We then compared physical length (Mb), genetic (cM) and chromosome distances (microm) for determining gap sizes between contigs, revealing relative hot and cold spots of recombination. Through sequence annotation we identified several clusters of functionally related genes and an uneven distribution of both gene and repeat sequences between heterochromatin and euchromatin domains. Although a greater number of the non-transposon genes were located in the euchromatin, the highly repetitive (22.4%) pericentromeric heterochromatin displayed an unexpectedly high gene content of one gene per 36.7 kb. Surprisingly, the short-arm euchromatin was relatively rich in repeats as well, with a repeat content of 13.4%, yet the ratio of Ty3/Gypsy and Ty1/Copia retrotransposable elements across the chromosome clearly distinguished euchromatin (2:3) from heterochromatin (3:2). PMID:19207213

Peters, Sander A; Datema, Erwin; Szinay, Dóra; van Staveren, Marjo J; Schijlen, Elio G W M; van Haarst, Jan C; Hesselink, Thamara; Abma-Henkens, Marleen H C; Bai, Yuling; de Jong, Hans; Stiekema, Willem J; Klein Lankhorst, René M; van Ham, Roeland C H J

2009-06-01

277

Africana Studies 45. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . American Studies 51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  

E-print Network

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . German 182. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . History 185. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . History of Science 207. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interdisciplinary Studies Program 208. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Romance Languages 293. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Russian 303

Aalberts, Daniel P.

278

Vocal communication in African elephants (Loxodonta africana).  

PubMed

Research on vocal communication in African elephants has increased in recent years, both in the wild and in captivity, providing an opportunity to present a comprehensive review of research related to their vocal behavior. Current data indicate that the vocal repertoire consists of perhaps nine acoustically distinct call types, "rumbles" being the most common and acoustically variable. Large vocal production anatomy is responsible for the low-frequency nature of rumbles, with fundamental frequencies in the infrasonic range. Additionally, resonant frequencies of rumbles implicate the trunk in addition to the oral cavity in shaping the acoustic structure of rumbles. Long-distance communication is thought possible because low-frequency sounds propagate more faithfully than high-frequency sounds, and elephants respond to rumbles at distances of up to 2.5 km. Elephant ear anatomy appears designed for detecting low frequencies, and experiments demonstrate that elephants can detect infrasonic tones and discriminate small frequency differences. Two vocal communication functions in the African elephant now have reasonable empirical support. First, closely bonded but spatially separated females engage in rumble exchanges, or "contact calls," that function to coordinate movement or reunite animals. Second, both males and females produce "mate attraction" rumbles that may advertise reproductive states to the opposite sex. Additionally, there is evidence that the structural variation in rumbles reflects the individual identity, reproductive state, and emotional state of callers. Growth in knowledge about the communication system of the African elephant has occurred from a rich combination of research on wild elephants in national parks and captive elephants in zoological parks. PMID:19434672

Soltis, Joseph

2010-01-01

279

Revised August `13 AMU AFRICANA STUDIES  

E-print Network

Puri Gayle Rogers GEOLOGY & PLANETARY SCIENCE Mark Bunker Abbott HISPANIC LANGUAGES & LITERATURES Maria William E. Hefley Audrey J. Murrell Frits K. Pil Luis G. Vargas SCHOOL OF EDUCATION Richard Donato Carl I

Machery, Edouard

280

Mercury abundances and isotopic compositions in the Murchison (CM) and Allende (CV) carbonaceous chondrites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The abundance and isotopic composition of Hg was determined in bulk samples of both the Murchison (CM) and Allende (CV) carbonaceous chondrites using single- and multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The bulk abundances of Hg are 294 ± 15 ng/g in Murchison and 30.0 ± 1.5 ng/g in Allende. These values are within the range of previous measurements of bulk Hg abundances by neutron activation analysis (NAA). Prior studies suggested that both meteorites contain isotopically anomalous Hg, with ? 196/202Hg values for the anomalous, thermal-release components from bulk samples ranging from -260 ‰ to +440 ‰ in Murchison and from -620 ‰ to +540 ‰ in Allende (Jovanovic and Reed, 1976a; 1976b; Kumar and Goel, 1992). Our multi-collector ICP-MS measurements suggest that the relative abundances of all seven stable Hg isotopes in both meteorites are identical to terrestrial values within 0.2 to 0.5 ‰. On-line thermal-release experiments were performed by coupling a programmable oven with the single-collector ICP-MS. Powdered aliquots of each meteorite were linearly heated from room temperature to 900°C over twenty-five minutes under an Ar atmosphere to measure the isotopic composition of Hg released from the meteorites as a function of temperature. In separate experiments, the release profiles of S and Se were determined simultaneously with Hg to constrain the Hg distribution within the meteorites and to evaluate the possibility of Se interferences in previous NAA studies. The Hg-release patterns differ between Allende and Murchison. The Hg-release profile for Allende contains two distinct peaks, at 225° and 343°C, whereas the profile for Murchison has only one peak, at 344°C. No isotopically anomalous Hg was detected in the thermal-release experiments at a precision level of 5 to 30 ‰, depending on the isotope ratio. In both meteorites the Hg peak at ˜340°C correlates with a peak in the S-release profile. This correlation suggests that Hg is associated with S-bearing phases and, thus, that HgS is a major Hg-bearing phase in both meteorites. The Hg peak at 225°C for Allende is similar to release patterns of physically adsorbed Hg on silicate and metal grains. Prior studies suggested that the isotopic anomalies reported from NAA resulted from interference between 203Hg and 75Se. However, the amount of Se released from both meteorites, relative to Hg, is insufficient to produce all of the observed anomalies.

Lauretta, Dante S.; Klaue, Bjoern; Blum, Joel D.; Buseck, Peter R.

2001-09-01

281

In vitro selection and field responses of somaclonal variant plants of rice cv PR113 for drought tolerance  

PubMed Central

Drought is the major environmental stress that limits rice productivity worldwide. In vitro somaclonal variation using different selection agents has been used for crop improvement. Here, rice plants of cv PR113 were selected in vitro on 30, 50 and 70 g L-1 polyethylene glycol 6,000 (PEG). Callus growth, proliferation, calli volume (first and second culture) and plantlet regeneration (third culture) were found to be decreased upto a certain level to acquire tolerance to PEG-induced drought. From the field data, 30 g L-1 PEG lines showed higher vegetative growth (plant height, tiller number, leaf number, shoot weight and root growth) as compared with 50 g L-1 PEG selected somaclone lines under limited irrigation. The yield parameters-panicle length, panicle weight, grains per panicle, 1,000-grain weight, grain yield per plant, harvest index and grain straw ratio were also higher in 30 g L-1 PEG lines as compared with 50 g L-1 PEG lines. The results, therefore indicate that 30 g L-1 PEG selected somaclone lines were more suited than 50 g L-1 PEG selected somaclone lines under stress as compared with WT. The finding suggests that rice cv PR113 somaclones generated on PEG are found to be drought tolerant under field condition with better yield. PMID:23333982

Verma, Dipti; Ansari, Mohammad Wahid; Agrawal, Ganesh Kumar; Rakwal, Randeep; Shukla, Alok; Tuteja, Narendra

2013-01-01

282

Processor core for real time background identification of HD video based on OpenCV Gaussian mixture model algorithm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The identification of moving objects is a fundamental step in computer vision processing chains. The development of low cost and lightweight smart cameras steadily increases the request of efficient and high performance circuits able to process high definition video in real time. The paper proposes two processor cores aimed to perform the real time background identification on High Definition (HD, 1920 1080 pixel) video streams. The implemented algorithm is the OpenCV version of the Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM), an high performance probabilistic algorithm for the segmentation of the background that is however computationally intensive and impossible to implement on general purpose CPU with the constraint of real time processing. In the proposed paper, the equations of the OpenCV GMM algorithm are optimized in such a way that a lightweight and low power implementation of the algorithm is obtained. The reported performances are also the result of the use of state of the art truncated binary multipliers and ROM compression techniques for the implementation of the non-linear functions. The first circuit has commercial FPGA devices as a target and provides speed and logic resource occupation that overcome previously proposed implementations. The second circuit is oriented to an ASIC (UMC-90nm) standard cell implementation. Both implementations are able to process more than 60 frames per second in 1080p format, a frame rate compatible with HD television.

Genovese, Mariangela; Napoli, Ettore

2013-05-01

283

Potential for phytoextraction of copper by Sinapis alba and Festuca rubra cv. Merlin grown hydroponically and in vineyard soils.  

PubMed

The extensive use of copper-bearing fungicides in vineyards is responsible for the accumulation of copper (Cu) in soils. Grass species able to accumulate Cu could be cultivated in the vineyard inter-rows for copper phytoextraction. In this study, the capacity of Festuca rubra cv Merlin and Sinapis alba to tolerate and accumulate copper (Cu) was first investigated in a hydroponic system without the interference of soil chemical-physical properties. After the amendment of Cu (5 or 10 mg Cu l-(1)) to nutrient solution, shoot Cu concentration in F. rubra increased up to 108.63 mg Cu kg(-1) DW, more than three times higher than in S. alba (31.56 mg Cu kg(-1) DW). The relationship between Cu concentration in plants and external Cu was dose-dependent and species specific. Results obtained from the hydroponic experiment were confirmed by growing plants in pots containing soil collected from six Italian vineyards. The content of soil organic matter was crucial to enhance Cu tolerance and accumulation in the shoot tissues of both plant species. Although S. alba produced more biomass than F. rubra in most soils, F. rubra accumulated significantly more Cu (up to threefold to fourfold) in the shoots. Given these results, we recommended that F. rubra cv Merlin could be cultivated in the vineyard rows to reduce excess Cu in vineyard soils. PMID:24234763

Malagoli, Mario; Rossignolo, Virginia; Salvalaggio, Nico; Schiavon, Michela

2014-03-01

284

Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-Bisphosphate Induces Actin Stress-Fiber Formation and Inhibits Membrane Ruffling in Cv1 Cells  

PubMed Central

Phosphatidylinositol 4,5 bisphosphate (PIP2) is widely implicated in cytoskeleton regulation, but the mechanisms by which PIP2 effect cytoskeletal changes are not defined. We used recombinant adenovirus to infect CV1 cells with the mouse type I phosphatidylinositol phosphate 5-kinase ? (PIP5KI), and identified the players that modulate the cytoskeleton in response to PIP2 signaling. PIP5KI overexpression increased PIP2 and reduced phosphatidylinositol 4 phosphate (PI4P) levels. It promoted robust stress-fiber formation in CV1 cells and blocked PDGF-induced membrane ruffling and nucleated actin assembly. Y-27632, a Rho-dependent serine/threonine protein kinase (ROCK) inhibitor, blocked stress-fiber formation and inhibited PIP2 and PI4P synthesis in cells. However, Y-27632 had no effect on PIP2 synthesis in lysates, although it inhibited PI4P synthesis. Thus, ROCK may regulate PIP2 synthesis by controlling PI4P availability. PIP5KI overexpression decreased gelsolin, profilin, and capping protein binding to actin and increased that of ezrin. These changes can potentially account for the increased stress fiber and nonruffling phenotype. Our results establish the physiological role of PIP2 in cytoskeletal regulation, clarify the relation between Rho, ROCK, and PIP2 in the activation of stress-fiber formation, and identify the key players that modulate the actin cytoskeleton in response to PIP2. PMID:11238445

Yamamoto, Masaya; Hilgemann, Donald H.; Feng, Siyi; Bito, Haruhiko; Ishihara, Hisamitsu; Shibasaki, Yoshikazu; Yin, Helen L.

2001-01-01

285

[Transformation of embryogenic Calli of Siberian wildrye grass (Elymus sibiricus L. cv. Chuancao No.2) mediated by agrobacterium].  

PubMed

Formation of embryogenic calli of Siberian wildrye grass (Elymus sibiricus L. cv. Chuancao No.2) was induced from mature seeds as explants, and proliferated on MS medium containing 2,4-D 5.0 mg/L and KT 0.05 mg/L. An effective and stable callus regeneration system was established by optimizing the culture conditions (Tables 1, 2 and Fig.2). After the calli were subcultured 8 weeks, selected the whitish-yellow-coloured compact nodular calli that transformed with plasmid pCAMBIA1304 carrying hygromycin resistance gene (hptII) and Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes insecticidal protein gene (ppIP), which was mediated by an Agrobacterium strain EHA105. Resistant plants were obtained after hygromycin selection (Figs.3, 4). Some important factors that affect the transformation efficiency were studied, which included selection pressure, time of embryogenic calli proliferation, OD value of Agrobacterium suspension, temperature, medium and time of co-cultivation, and concentration of antibiotics used for suppressing the overgrowth of Agrobacterium in the course of transformation plant regeneration. This research is the first successful genetic transformation of Elymus sibiricus L. cv. Chuancao No.2 mediated by Agrobacterium. PMID:16477130

Li, Da-Xu; Zhang, Jie; Zhao, Jian; Zhang, Yi; Li, Li; Liu, Su-Jun; Chen, Fei; Yang, Zhi-Rong

2006-02-01

286

Interpretation of F106B and CV580 in-flight lightning data and form factor determination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two topics of in-flight aircraft/lightning interaction are addressed. The first is the analysis of measured data from the NASA F106B Thunderstorm Research Aircraft and the CV580 research program run by the FAA and Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. The CV580 data was investigated in a mostly qualitative sense, while the F106B data was subjected to both statistical and quantitative analysis using linear triggered lightning finite difference models. The second main topic is the analysis of field mill data and the calibration of the field mill systems. The calibration of the F106B field mill system was investigated using an improved finite difference model of the aircraft having a spatial resolution of one-quarter meter. The calibration was applied to measured field mill data acquired during the 1985 thunderstorm season. The experimental determination of form factors useful for field mill calibration was also investigated both experimentally and analytically. The experimental effort involved the use of conducting scale models and an electrolytic tank. An analytic technique was developed to aid in the understanding of the experimental results.

Rudolph, T.; Horembala, J.; Eriksen, F. J.; Weigel, H. S.; Elliott, J. R.; Parker, S. L.; Perala, R. A.

1989-01-01

287

CV Shift Characteristics of Metal-Al2O3Si and Metal-Al2O3SiO2Si Structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

C-V shift characteristics of MAS(Metal\\/Al2O3\\/Si) structure with Al2O3 prepared by the hydrolysis of AlCl3 are investigated as a function of the Al2O3 thickness, the temperature and the applied pulse width. Using also MAOS(Metal\\/Al2O3\\/SiO2\\/Si) structure the critical voltage required to shift the C-V curve is given as a function of the SiO2 thickness. The results show that the critical voltage of

Tohru Tsujide

1972-01-01

288

Transactivation of progestin- and estrogen-responsive promoters by 19-nor progestins in African Green Monkey Kidney CV1 cells.  

PubMed

New and more potent progestins and antiprogestins suitable for reproductive therapy and contraception are currently the target of intensive research. The design of such drugs has been hampered by the complex technology required for screening these compounds at the molecular level. To solve this problem, we developed an in vitro cell system that allows detection of the progestagenic effects of a given compound using a PRE2-TATA-CAT reporter vector transiently introduced in a cell line stably transfected with the rabbit progesterone receptor (PR). The African Green Monkey Kidney CV1 (AGMK-CV1) cell line was chosen because these cells do not express endogenous steroid receptors; the selected clone stably expressing the rabbit PR has been maintained in our laboratory for more than 2 yr without detectable losses in PR content and progestagenic response. The presence and function of the PR were assessed by immunohistochemical and saturation analyses as well as by monitoring transactivation of the PRE2-TATA-CAT reporter gene. In this cell line, the PR is expressed at a concentration of 0.170 fmol/mg of protein, and the receptor is localized within the cell nucleus in either the presence or absence of the potent synthetic progestin R5020. This PR-expressing cell system allowed study of the in vitro progestational activity of several 19-nor progestins. The antiprogestin RU486 inhibited CAT activity induced by R5020; norethisterone (NET), levonorgestrel (LNG), and gestodene (GSD) induced PRE2-TATA-CAT activity at concentrations similar to those of R5020, whereas NET A-ring-reduced metabolites induced CAT activity at an extent lower than (5alpha-NET) or similar (3beta,5alpha-NET) to that of the precursor compound. The PRE2-TATA-CAT induction by 17beta-estradiol was also analyzed and no crossreactivity was detected. However, when the ERE-VitA2-TK-CAT (estrogen-responsive element-vitellogenin A2-thymidine kinase promoter-CAT) reporter vector and the estradiol receptor alpha or beta were cotransfected, CAT activity was induced in the presence of 17beta-estradiol, and NET tetrahydro-reduced derivatives. The results indicate that this AGMK-CV1-PR cell assay system appears to be suitable for measuring the effects of different synthetic progestins at the transcriptional level. In this assay system, NET, LNG, and GSD exhibit potent progestational effects at the transcriptional level. In the particular case of NET, the assay system allowed us to determine that the single or multiple hormonal transcriptional effects of this compound are partially mediated by its A-ring-reduced derivatives. PMID:11954666

Pasapera, A M; Gutiérrez-Sagal, R; García-Becerra, R; Ulloa-Aguirre, A; Savouret, J F

2001-12-01

289

The Anatomy and Bulk Composition of CAI Rims in the Vigarano (CV3) Chondrite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A striking feature of Ca,Al-rich inclusions (CAIs) in chondrites is the presence of mineralogical layers that typically form rim sequences up to 50 micrometers thick [1]. Many ideas regarding the origin of CAI rims have been proposed, but none are entirely satisfactory. The detailed mineralogy and bulk compositions of relatively unaltered CAI rims in the Vigarano (CV3) chondrite described here provide constraints on hypotheses of rim formation. Rim Mineralogy: CAIs in Vigarano consist of melilite (mel)- and spinel (sp)- rich varieties, both of which are rimmed [2]. Around mel-rich objects, the layer sequence is CAI interior --> sp-rich layer (sometimes absent) --> mel/anorthite (anor) layer --> Ti-Al-rich clinopyroxene (Tpx) layer --> Al- diopside (Al-diop) layer --> olivine (ol) +/- Al-diop layer --> host matrix. The sequence around sp-rich objects differs from this in that the mel/anor layer is absent. Both the sp-rich layer around mel-cored CAIs and the cores of sp-rich CAIs in Vigarano are largely comprised of a fine-grained (<=1 micrometer) intergrowth of sp, Tpx, and minor mel and perovskite. These intergrowths are typically so fine grained that little internal texture is discernible. Mixing calculations suggest the presence of ~10 vol% Tpx in the sp-rich layer of two mel-cored CAIs, and the presence of ~35 vol% Tpx within one sp-cored CAI. The mel/anor layer is sometimes monomineralic, consisting of mel alone, or bimineralic, consisting of both mel and anor. Where bimineralic, anor typically occurs in the outer part of the layer. In places, anor (An(sub)99-100) has partially altered to nepheline and voids. Rim mel is systematically less gehlenitic than mel in the CAI interiors, especially compared to mel in the interior adjacent to the rims. The Tpx layer (>2 and up to 15 wt% TiO2) and Al-diop layer (<2 wt% TiO2) are monomineralic and show chemical zoning trends radial to the CAIs. Moving outward, TiO2 and Al2O3 generally decrease, while SiO2 and MgO increase, although Al2O3 shows a small concentration maximum in the Al-diop layer. High-quality EMPA data suggest that Ti^3+/Ti^4+ decreases outward in the Tpx layer, and that Fe^3+ is present in the Al-diop layer, implying that a steep gradient in oxidation state occurs across these two layers. The ol layer is comprised of individually zoned grains (<=5 micrometers across) that have forsteritic cores and thin (<=1 micrometer) rims of more ferrous ol. The ol grains often form triple-grain junctions and occasionally form clusters that are enclosed by Al-diop. The texture of this polycrystalline layer suggests that it formed by the attachment of preexisting ol grains onto the surfaces of CAIs, and the triple-junctions and steep zoning profiles of the ol grains suggest that they were annealed in a short-lived heating event. Bulk Rim Composition: Bulk rim compositions for several mel-rich CAIs were determined by using EMPA traverses across representative portions of the rims. These compositions plot within the sp + forsterite (fo) field of the gehlenite-anorthite-forsterite ternary diagram of Stolper [3], and are unattainable by the igneous crystallization of a mel-rich CAI composition. Moreover, a hypothetical melt with the composition of the rims has a predicted crystallization sequence (sp --> sp + fo --> sp + fo + anor or mel or Tpx) that does not correspond to observed rim sequences. It thus appears that (1) the rim region did not form through crystallization of molten CAIs; and (2) rim layers did not originate solely by the crystallization of a melt layer present on a solid CAI core [4,5]. References: [1] Wark D. A. and Lovering J. F. (1977) Proc. LSC 8th, 95-112. [2] Ruzicka A. and Boynton W. V. (1991) Meteoritics, 26, 390-391. [3] Stolper E. (1982) GCA, 46, 2159-2180. [4] Korina M. I. et al. (1982) LPS XIII, 399- 400. [5] Bunch T. E. and Chang S. (1980) Meteoritics, 15, 270- 271.

Ruzicka, A.; Boynton, W. V.

1993-07-01

290

Complete genome sequence of a banana bract mosaic virus isolate infecting the French plantain cv. Nendran in India.  

PubMed

The first complete genome sequence of an Indian isolate (TRY) of Banana bract mosaic virus (BBrMV) was determined following virus RNA extraction from the French plantain cv. Nendran (AAB). The complete genome was 9711 nucleotides excluding the poly(A) tail and had a genome organization similar to that of a Philippine (PHI) isolate characterized earlier. When compared to BBrMV-PHI, the complete genome sequence of BBrMV-TRY was 94% identical at the nucleotide level and its ten mature proteins had amino acid sequence identities ranging from 88 to 98%. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that the BBrMV-TRY isolate is closely related to the BBrMV-PHI isolate. PMID:22134527

Balasubramanian, V; Selvarajan, R

2012-02-01

291

Direct identification and characterization of phenolic compounds from crude extracts of buds and internodes of grapevine (Vitis vinifera cv Merlot).  

PubMed

The crude methanol extracts of latent buds and internodes Vitis vinifera L. cv. Merlot were used for the determination of phenolic compounds by a combination of reverse phase HPLC with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) and mass spectrometry (LC-MS). This method allowed the identification of 9 phenolic compounds without purification or fractionation. These 9 compounds were divided into three groups: procyanidins, flavonols and stilbenes. Detection by HPLC-DAD at different wave lengths of 280 nm to 320 nm, allowed the estimation of concentrations of those compounds. This method permitted, for the first time, both characterization and quantification of polyphenolic compounds in buds of grapevine. Comparison with the results obtained in internodes showed that quercetin, resveratrol tetramer and ?-viniferin had similar levels in buds and internodes while six other compounds identified had higher levels in buds. PMID:25532283

Qsaib, Said; Mateus, Nuno; Ikbal, Fatima Ez-zohra; Rifai, Lala Aicha; De Freitas, Victor; Koussa, Tayeb

2014-11-01

292

Induction of high-frequency somatic embryogenesis in geranium (Pelargonium x hortorum Bailey cv Ringo Rose) cotyledonary cultures.  

PubMed

The cv Ringo Rose of hybrid seed geranium (Pelargonium x hortorum Bailey), previously shown to be recalcitrant in culture, produced somatic embryos when cotyledonary explants were cultured on regeneration medium containing thidiazuron (TDZ), forchlorfenuron (CPPU), or a combination of indole-3-acetic acid and N(6) benzylaminopurine (IAA+BAP). Amendment of the basal medium with TDZ (0.5 ?M) was the most effective treatment. Addition of amino acids to the medium promoted the growth of somatic embryos. Retention of the proximal region of the cotyledon was crucial for regeneration, but the removal of the distal 1/3 to 1/2 cotyledon had no significant effect on somatic embryogenesis. Cotyledonary explants formed somatic embryos in higher frequency and much earlier than hypocotyl explants cultured on the same medium. The somatic embryos induced on cotyledonary explants were germinated on basal medium. More than 70% of the somatic embryos were converted into plants and transferred to soil. PMID:24178422

Murthy, B N; Singh, R P; Saxena, P K

1996-02-01

293

Whole-rock 26Al-26Mg systematics of amoeboid olivine aggregates from the oxidized CV3 carbonaceous chondrite Allende  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on mineralogy, petrography, and whole-rock 26Al-26Mg systematics of eight amoeboid olivine aggregates (AOAs) from the oxidized CV chondrite Allende. The AOAs consist of forsteritic olivine, opaque nodules, and variable amounts of Ca,Al-rich inclusions (CAIs) of different types, and show evidence for alteration to varying degrees. Melilite and anorthite are replaced by nepheline, sodalite, and grossular; spinel is enriched in FeO; opaque nodules are replaced by Fe,Ni-sulfides, ferroan olivine and Ca,Fe-rich pyroxenes; forsteritic olivine is enriched in FeO and often overgrown by ferroan olivine. The AOAs are surrounded by fine-grained, matrix-like rims composed mainly of ferroan olivine and by a discontinuous layer of Ca,Fe-rich silicates. These observations indicate that AOAs experienced in situ elemental open-system iron-alkali-halogen metasomatic alteration during which Fe, Na, Cl, and Si were introduced, whereas Ca was removed from AOAs and used to form the Ca,Fe-rich silicate rims around AOAs. The whole-rock 26Al-26Mg systematics of the Allende AOAs plot above the isochron of the whole-rock Allende CAIs with a slope of (5.23 ± 0.13) × 10-5 reported by Jacobsen et al. (2008). In contrast, whole-rock 26Al-26Mg isotope systematics of CAIs and AOAs from the reduced CV chondrite Efremovka define a single isochron with a slope of (5.25± 0.01) × 10-5 (Larsen et al. 2011). We infer that the excesses in 26Mg* present in Allende AOAs are due to their late-stage open-system metasomatic alteration. Thus, the 26Al-26Mg isotope systematics of Allende CAIs and AOAs are disturbed by parent body alteration processes, and may not be suitable for high-precision chronology of the early solar system events and processes.

Olsen, M. B.; Krot, A. N.; Larsen, K.; Paton, C.; Wielandt, D.; Schiller, M.; Bizzarro, M.

2011-11-01

294

Identification and characterization of an adeno-associated virus integration site in CV-1 cells from the African green monkey.  

PubMed

Adeno-associated virus (AAV) is a classification given to a group of nonpathogenic, single-stranded DNA viruses known to reside latently in primates. During latency in humans, AAV type 2 (AAV2) preferentially integrates at a site on chromosome 19q13.3ter by targeting a sequence composed of an AAV Rep binding element (RBE), a spacer, and a nicking site. Here, we report the DNA sequence of an African green monkey AAV integration site isolated from CV-1 cells. Overall, it has 98% homology to the analogous human site, including identical spacer and nicking sequences. However, the simian RBE is expanded, having five perfect directly repeated GAGC tetramers. We carried out a number of in vitro and in vivo assays to determine the effect of this expanded RBE sequence on the Rep-RBE interaction and AAV targeted integration. Using electromobility shift assays it was demonstrated that AAV4 Rep68 bound the expanded RBE with a sixfold-greater affinity than the human RBE. To determine the basis for the affinity increase, DNase I protection and methylation interference (MI) assays were performed. Comparison of footprints on both the human and simian RBEs revealed nearly identical protection; however, MI analysis suggested greater interaction with the guanine nucleotides of the expanded RBE, thus providing a biochemical basis for the increased binding activity. In vivo, integration targeted to the simian RBE was demonstrated by PCR analysis of latently infected Cos-7 cells. Interestingly, the frequency of site-specific integration was twofold greater in Cos-7 cells than in HeLa cells. Overall, these experiments establish that the simian RBE, identified in CV-1 cells, functions analogously to the human RBE and provide further evidence for a developing model that proposes individual roles for the RBE and the spacer and nicking site elements. PMID:12525625

Amiss, Terry J; McCarty, Doug M; Skulimowski, Anna; Samulski, R Jude

2003-02-01

295

Identification and Characterization of an Adeno-Associated Virus Integration Site in CV-1 Cells from the African Green Monkey  

PubMed Central

Adeno-associated virus (AAV) is a classification given to a group of nonpathogenic, single-stranded DNA viruses known to reside latently in primates. During latency in humans, AAV type 2 (AAV2) preferentially integrates at a site on chromosome 19q13.3ter by targeting a sequence composed of an AAV Rep binding element (RBE), a spacer, and a nicking site. Here, we report the DNA sequence of an African green monkey AAV integration site isolated from CV-1 cells. Overall, it has 98% homology to the analogous human site, including identical spacer and nicking sequences. However, the simian RBE is expanded, having five perfect directly repeated GAGC tetramers. We carried out a number of in vitro and in vivo assays to determine the effect of this expanded RBE sequence on the Rep-RBE interaction and AAV targeted integration. Using electromobility shift assays it was demonstrated that AAV4 Rep68 bound the expanded RBE with a sixfold-greater affinity than the human RBE. To determine the basis for the affinity increase, DNase I protection and methylation interference (MI) assays were performed. Comparison of footprints on both the human and simian RBEs revealed nearly identical protection; however, MI analysis suggested greater interaction with the guanine nucleotides of the expanded RBE, thus providing a biochemical basis for the increased binding activity. In vivo, integration targeted to the simian RBE was demonstrated by PCR analysis of latently infected Cos-7 cells. Interestingly, the frequency of site-specific integration was twofold greater in Cos-7 cells than in HeLa cells. Overall, these experiments establish that the simian RBE, identified in CV-1 cells, functions analogously to the human RBE and provide further evidence for a developing model that proposes individual roles for the RBE and the spacer and nicking site elements. PMID:12525625

Amiss, Terry J.; McCarty, Doug M.; Skulimowski, Anna; Samulski, R. Jude

2003-01-01

296

In vitro propagation and assessment of the genetic fidelity of Musa acuminata (AAA) cv. Vaibalhla derived from immature male flowers.  

PubMed

An efficient in vitro propagation method has been developed for the first time for Musa acuminata (AAA) cv. Vaibalhla, an economically important banana cultivar of Mizoram, India. Immature male flowers were used as explants. Murashige and Skoog's (MS) medium supplemented with plant growth regulators (PGRs) were used for the regeneration process. Out of different PGR combinations, MS medium supplemented with 2 mg L(-1) 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) + 0.5 mg L(-1) ?-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) was optimal for production of white bud-like structures (WBLS). On this medium, explants produced the highest number of buds per explant (4.30). The highest percentage (77.77) and number (3.51) of shoot formation from each explants was observed in MS medium supplemented with 2 mg L(-1) kinetin + 0.5 mg L(-1) NAA. While MS medium supplemented with a combination of 2 mg L(-1) BAP + 0.5 mg L(-1) NAA showed the maximum shoot length (14.44 cm). Rooting efficiency of the shoots was highest in the MS basal medium without any PGRs. The plantlets were hardened successfully in the greenhouse with 96% survival rate. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers were employed to assess the genetic stability of in vitro regenerated plantlets of M. acuminata (AAA) cv. Vaibalhla. Eight RAPD and 8 ISSR primers were successfully used for the analysis from the 40 RAPD and 30 ISSR primers screened initially. The amplified products were monomorphic across all the regenerated plants and were similar to the mother plant. The present standardised protocol will find application in mass production, conservation and genetic transformation studies of this commercially important banana. PMID:24222501

Hrahsel, Lalremsiami; Basu, Adreeja; Sahoo, Lingaraj; Thangjam, Robert

2014-02-01

297

The genetics of domestication of yardlong bean, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. ssp. unguiculata cv.-gr. sesquipedalis  

PubMed Central

Background and Aims The genetics of domestication of yardlong bean [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. ssp. unguiculata cv.-gr. sesquipedalis] is of particular interest because the genome of this legume has experienced divergent domestication. Initially, cowpea was domesticated from wild cowpea in Africa; in Asia a vegetable form of cowpea, yardlong bean, subsequently evolved from cowpea. Information on the genetics of domestication-related traits would be useful for yardlong bean and cowpea breeding programmes, as well as comparative genome study among members of the genus Vigna. The objectives of this study were to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for domestication-related traits in yardlong bean and compare them with previously reported QTLs in closely related Vigna. Methods Two linkage maps were developed from BC1F1 and F2 populations from the cross between yardlong bean (V. unguiculata ssp. unguiculata cv.-gr. sesquipedalis) accession JP81610 and wild cowpea (V. unguiculata ssp. unguiculata var. spontanea) accession TVnu457. Using these linkage maps, QTLs for 24 domestication-related traits were analysed and mapped. QTLs were detected for traits related to seed, pod, stem and leaf. Key Results Most traits were controlled by between one and 11 QTLs. QTLs for domestication-related traits show co-location on several narrow genomic regions on almost all linkage groups (LGs), but especially on LGs 3, 7, 8 and 11. Major QTLs for sizes of seed, pod, stem and leaf were principally located on LG7. Pleiotropy or close linkage of genes for the traits is suggested in these chromosome regions. Conclusions This is the first report of QTLs for domestication-related traits in yardlong bean. The results provide a foundation for marker-assisted selection of domestication-related QTLs in yardlong bean and enhance understanding of domestication in the genus Vigna. PMID:22419763

Kongjaimun, Alisa; Kaga, Akito; Tomooka, Norihiko; Somta, Prakit; Vaughan, Duncan A.; Srinives, Peerasak

2012-01-01

298

A large plasmid isolated from Rhizobium huakuii bv. renge that includes genes for both nodulation of Astragalus sinicus cv. Japan and nitrogen fixation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rhizobium huakuii bv. renge, which is able to produce nodules on Astragalus sinicus cv. Japan, has been assigned to a new biovariety based on its host range and taxonomic characteristics. We reproducibly demonstrated the presence of an indigenous large plasmid, with a molecular mass of about 260 Mda, in R. huakuii bv. renge and named the plasmid pRhYM. Using a

Yong Xu; Yoshikatsu Murooka

1995-01-01

299

A New Measure of Patient Responsiveness for Improving Anemia Management Protocols MJ Germain1, CV Hollot2, J Horowitz3, and RP Shrestha4, Y Chait5  

E-print Network

A New Measure of Patient Responsiveness for Improving Anemia Management Protocols MJ Germain1, CV on performance of anemia management protocols. · Anemia of end-stage kidney disease (ESRD) is characterized-specific gains should play a role in their design. · The interaction of anemia management protocols (AMPs

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

300

Seasonal ultrastructural alterations in the plasma membrane produced by slow freezing in cortical tissues of mulberry ( Morus bombyciz Koidz. cv. Goroji)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seasonal alterations in the ultrastructure of the plasma membrane produced by slow freezing were examined in cortical parenchyma cells of mulberry twigs (Morus bombyciz Koidz. cv. Goroji) grown in northern Japan. In freezing-sensitive summer, freezing produced distinct aparticulate domains with accompanying inverted hexagonalII (HII) phase transitions in the plasma membrane. In autumn and spring, during cold acclimation and deacclimation, freezing

Scizo Fujikawa

1994-01-01

301

Effect of various Rhizobium trifolii strains on nitrogenase (C 2 H 2 ) activity profiles of red clover ( Trifolium pratense cv. Venla)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of variousRhizobium trifolii strains on the nitrogenase activity profiles of red clover (Trifolium pratense cv. Venla) was studied in greenhouse and field experiments. The nitrogenase activity of nodulated roots or whole plants was measured with the acetylene reduction assay at different stages of plant growth. The mean nitrogenase activity followed plant shoot growth rate from the time when

Kristina Lindström

1984-01-01

302

Effect of root infection with Pseudomonas fluorescens and Glomus mosseae on severity of lime?induced chlorosis in Vitis vinifera L. cv. ‘pinot blanc’  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to achieve different degrees of tolerance to lime?induced chlorosis, Vitis vinifera L. cv. ‘Pinot blanc’ was grafted on two hybrid rootstocks: Vitis Berlandieri Planch, x Vitis rupestris Scheele ‘140 Ru’ (tolerant) and Vitis riparia Michx. x Vitis rupestris Scheele ‘101–14’ (susceptible). The vines were grown in pots with an unsterile calcareous soil, and roots infected with a suspension

L. Bavaresco; C. Fogher

1996-01-01

303

The Hewlett-Packard HP-41CV Hand-Held Computer as a Medium for Teaching Mathematics to Fire Control Systems Repairers. Research Report 1408.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study compared the benefits of using the Hewlett-Packard HP-41CV hand-held computer, as opposed to conventional training without computers, in teaching mathematics to fire control systems repairers. Thirty soldiers in a course to train fire control systems repairers received training in technical mathematics using the hand-held computer, whereas…

Boldovici, John A.; Scott, Thomas D.

304

Draft genome sequence of Flavobacterium sp. strain F52, isolated from the rhizosphere of bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L. cv. Maccabi).  

PubMed

Here we report the draft genome sequence of Flavobacterium sp. strain F52, isolated from the rhizosphere of bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L. cv. Maccabi). Flavobacterium spp. are ubiquitous in the rhizospheres of agricultural crops; however, little is known about their physiology. To our knowledge, this is the first published genome of a root-associated Flavobacterium strain. PMID:22965088

Kolton, Max; Green, Stefan J; Harel, Yael Meller; Sela, Noa; Elad, Yigal; Cytryn, Eddie

2012-10-01

305

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi enhance fruit growth and quality of chile ancho ( Capsicum annuum L. cv San Luis) plants exposed to drought  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and drought on fruit quality was evaluated in chile ancho (Capsicum annuum L. cv San Luis). AMF treatments were (1) Glomus fasciculatum (AMFG), (2) a fungal species consortium from the forest “Los Tuxtla” in Mexico (AMFT), (3) a fungal species consortium from the Sonorian desert in Mexico (AMFD), and (4) a noninoculated control

Hortencia G. Mena-Violante; Omar Ocampo-Jiménez; Luc Dendooven; Gerardo Martínez-Soto; Jaquelina González-Castañeda; Fred T. Davies Jr; Víctor Olalde-Portugal

2006-01-01

306

USE OF REPEATED BRONCHOALVEOLAR LAVAGE IN RABBITS TO ASSESS POLLUTANT-INDUCED LUNG CHANGES IN AN ANIMAL MODEL OF CARDIOVASCULAR (CV) DISEASE.  

EPA Science Inventory

Animal models of coronary heart disease (e.g., hyperlipidemic rabbits) are being used to investigate epidemiologic associations between higher levels of air pollution and adverse CV consequences. Mechanisms by which pollutant-induced lung or systemic inflammation leads to acute C...

307

Effect of potassium on drought resistance of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis cv. Leprechaun: Plant growth, leaf macro- and micronutrient content and root longevity  

Microsoft Academic Search

As competition for the limited water supply available for irrigation of horticultural crops increases, research into crop management practices that enhance drought resistance, plant water-use efficiency and plant growth when water supply is limited has become increasingly essential. This experiment was conducted to determine the effect of potassium (K) nutritional status on the drought resistance of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. cv.

Jonathan N. Egilla; Fred T. Davies; Malcolm C. Drew

2001-01-01

308

Nickolas Themelis: Director, Earth Engineering Center http://www.seas.columbia.edu/earth/szekielda-cv.html[8/19/2009 4:40:26 PM  

E-print Network

Nickolas Themelis: Director, Earth Engineering Center http://www.seas.columbia.edu/earth/szekielda-cv.html[8/19/2009 4:40:26 PM] The Earth Engineering Center of Columbia University KARL SZEKIELDA (212) 923 University of New York. RESEARCH INTERESTS Remote sensing and satellite imaging. Use of remote sensing

309

Effects of pH, sample size, and solvent partitioning on recovery of soluble phenolic acids and isoflavonoids in red clover (Trifolium pratense cv. Kenland)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Several extraction parameters were tested to determine optimal conditions for extracting phenolics from red clover (Trifolium pratense L. cv. Kenland). HPLC-UV profiles were compared before and after partitioning a methanolic extract of soluble phenolics with ethyl acetate-ether (1:1, v/v). The e...

310

Draft Genome Sequence of Flavobacterium sp. Strain F52, Isolated from the Rhizosphere of Bell Pepper (Capsicum annuum L. cv. Maccabi)  

PubMed Central

Here we report the draft genome sequence of Flavobacterium sp. strain F52, isolated from the rhizosphere of bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L. cv. Maccabi). Flavobacterium spp. are ubiquitous in the rhizospheres of agricultural crops; however, little is known about their physiology. To our knowledge, this is the first published genome of a root-associated Flavobacterium strain. PMID:22965088

Kolton, Max; Green, Stefan J.; Harel, Yael Meller; Sela, Noa; Elad, Yigal

2012-01-01

311

Efectos de extractos acuosos de la maleza Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae) sobre la germinación de semillas y crecimiento de plántulas de maíz (Zea mays L.) cv. Pioneer 3031  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this experiment was to determine the effects of foliage water extracts of purple nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus L.) on seed germination and seedling growth of corn ( Cyperus rotundus L.) on seed germination and seedling growth of corn ( Cyperus rotundus Zea mays L.) cv. Pioneer 3031. An extract was prepared with nutsedge foliage of 15 days at

José A. Laynez-Garsaball; Jesús Rafael Méndez-Natera

312

CV -Teodoro Stadler, 2013 Teodoro Stadler -CV  

E-print Network

of a total project budget of US$ 8,213,170.- Design and conduct research on different aspects of boll weevil monitoring field-test for boll weevil populations (Patent) Organize updating international workshops) Neuquen province, Argentina. 1995-2000 Project Manager "Integrated Pest Management of the Cotton Boll

Lawrence, Rick L.

313

Deep transcriptome-sequencing and proteome analysis of the hydrothermal vent annelid Alvinella pompejana identifies the CvP-bias as a robust measure of eukaryotic thermostability  

PubMed Central

Background Alvinella pompejana is an annelid worm that inhabits deep-sea hydrothermal vent sites in the Pacific Ocean. Living at a depth of approximately 2500 meters, these worms experience extreme environmental conditions, including high temperature and pressure as well as high levels of sulfide and heavy metals. A. pompejana is one of the most thermotolerant metazoans, making this animal a subject of great interest for studies of eukaryotic thermoadaptation. Results In order to complement existing EST resources we performed deep sequencing of the A. pompejana transcriptome. We identified several thousand novel protein-coding transcripts, nearly doubling the sequence data for this annelid. We then performed an extensive survey of previously established prokaryotic thermoadaptation measures to search for global signals of thermoadaptation in A. pompejana in comparison with mesophilic eukaryotes. In an orthologous set of 457 proteins, we found that the best indicator of thermoadaptation was the difference in frequency of charged versus polar residues (CvP-bias), which was highest in A. pompejana. CvP-bias robustly distinguished prokaryotic thermophiles from prokaryotic mesophiles, as well as the thermophilic fungus Chaetomium thermophilum from mesophilic eukaryotes. Experimental values for thermophilic proteins supported higher CvP-bias as a measure of thermal stability when compared to their mesophilic orthologs. Proteome-wide mean CvP-bias also correlated with the body temperatures of homeothermic birds and mammals. Conclusions Our work extends the transcriptome resources for A. pompejana and identifies the CvP-bias as a robust and widely applicable measure of eukaryotic thermoadaptation. Reviewer This article was reviewed by Sándor Pongor, L. Aravind and Anthony M. Poole. PMID:23324115

2013-01-01

314

Long-Term Fungal Inhibitory Activity of Water-Soluble Extracts of Phaseolus vulgaris cv. Pinto and Sourdough Lactic Acid Bacteria during Bread Storage?  

PubMed Central

The antifungal activity of proteinaceous compounds from different food matrices was investigated. In initial experiments, water-soluble extracts of wheat sourdoughs, cheeses, and vegetables were screened by agar diffusion assays with Penicillium roqueforti DPPMAF1 as the indicator fungus. Water-soluble extracts of sourdough fermented with Lactobacillus brevis AM7 and Phaseolus vulgaris cv. Pinto were selected for further study. The crude water-soluble extracts of L. brevis AM7 sourdough and P. vulgaris cv. Pinto had a MIC of 40 mg of peptide/ml and 30.9 mg of protein/ml, respectively. MICs were markedly lower when chemically synthesized peptides or partially purified protein fractions were used. The water-soluble extract of P. vulgaris cv. Pinto showed inhibition toward a large number of fungal species isolated from bakeries. Phaseolin alpha-type precursor, phaseolin, and erythroagglutinating phytohemagglutinin precursor were identified in the water-soluble extract of P. vulgaris cv. Pinto by nano liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry. When the antifungal activity was assayed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, all three proteins were inhibitory. A mixture of eight peptides was identified from the water-soluble extract of sourdough L. brevis AM7, and five of these exhibited inhibitory activity. Bread was made at the pilot plant scale by sourdough fermentation with L. brevis AM7 and addition of the water-soluble extract (27%, vol/wt; 5 mg of protein/ml) of P. vulgaris cv. Pinto. Slices of bread packed in polyethylene bags did not show contamination by fungi until at least 21 days of storage at room temperature, a level of protection comparable to that afforded by 0.3% (wt/wt) calcium propionate. PMID:18849463

Coda, Rossana; Rizzello, Carlo G.; Nigro, Franco; De Angelis, Maria; Arnault, Philip; Gobbetti, Marco

2008-01-01

315

Profiles of phenolic compounds and purine alkaloids during the development of seeds of Theobroma cacao cv. Trinitario.  

PubMed

Changes occurring in phenolic compounds and purine alkaloids, during the growth of seeds of cacao (Theobroma cacao) cv. Trinitario, were investigated using HPLC-MS/MS. Extracts of seeds with a fresh weight of 125, 700, 1550, and 2050 mg (stages 1-4, respectively) were analyzed. The phenolic compounds present in highest concentrations in developing and mature seeds (stages 3 and 4) were flavonols and flavan-3-ols. Flavan-3-ols existed as monomers of epicatechin and catechin and as procyanidins. Type B procyanidins were major components and varied from dimers to pentadecamer. Two anthocyanins, cyanidin-3-O-arabinoside and cyanidin-3-O-galactoside, along with the N-phenylpropernoyl-l-amino acids, N-caffeoyl-l-aspartate, N-coumaroyl-l-aspartate, N-coumaroyl-3-hydroxytyrosine (clovamide), and N-coumaroyltyrosine (deoxyclovamide), and the purine alkaloids theobromine and caffeine, were present in stage 3 and 4 seeds. Other purine alkaloids, such as theophylline and additional methylxanthines, did not occur in detectable quantities. Flavan-3-ols were the only components to accumulate in detectable quantities in young seeds at developmental stages 1 and 2. PMID:23215441

Pereira-Caro, Gema; Borges, Gina; Nagai, Chifumi; Jackson, Mel C; Yokota, Takao; Crozier, Alan; Ashihara, Hiroshi

2013-01-16

316

Effect of silver nanoparticles on rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. KDML 105) seed germination and seedling growth.  

PubMed

With the advances in nanotechnology, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been applied in many industries, increasing their potential exposure level in the environment, yet their environmental safety remains poorly evaluated. The possible effects of different sized AgNPs (20, 30-60, 70-120 and 150nm diameter) on jasmine rice, Oryza sativa L. cv. KDML 105, were investigated at different concentrations (0.1, 1, 10, 100 and 1000mg/L) upon seed germination and seedling growth. The results revealed that the level of seed germination and subsequent growth of those seedlings that germinated were both decreased with increasing sizes and concentrations of AgNPs. Based on the analysis of AgNPs accumulation in plant tissues, it implied that the higher uptake was found when the seeds were treated with the smaller AgNPs, 20nm diameter AgNPs, but it was trapped in the roots rather than transported to the leaves. These resulted in the less negative effects on seedling growth, when compared to the seed soaking with the larger AgNPs with 150nm diameter. The negative effects of AgNPs were supported by leaf cell deformation when rice seeds were treated with 150-nm-diameter AgNP at the concentration of 10 or 100mg/L during seed germination. These results further strengthen our understanding of environmental safety information with respect to nanomaterials. PMID:24726943

Thuesombat, Pakvirun; Hannongbua, Supot; Akasit, Sanong; Chadchawan, Supachitra

2014-06-01

317

Influence of harvest date and crop yield on the fatty acid composition of virgin olive oils from cv. Picual.  

PubMed

In this study was analyzed the effect of crop year and harvesting time on the fatty acid composition of cv. Picual virgin olive oil. The study was carried out during the fruit ripening period for three crop seasons. The mean fatty acid composition of Picual oils was determined. The oils contained palmitic acid (11.9%), oleic acid (79.3%), and linoleic acid (2.95%). The content of palmitic acid and saturated fatty acids decreased during fruit ripening while oleic and linoleic acids increased. The amount of stearic and linolenic acids decreased. The amount of saturated acids, palmitic and stearic, and the polyunsaturated acids linoleic and linolenic was dependent on the time of harvest, whereas the amount of oleic acid varied with the crop year. The differences observed between crop years for both palmitic and linoleic acid may be explained by the differences in the temperature during oil biosynthesis and by the amount of summer rainfall for oleic acid content. A significant relationship was observed between the MUFA/PUFA ratio and the oxidative stability measured by the Rancimat method. PMID:15161211

Beltrán, Gabriel; Del Rio, Carmen; Sánchez, Sebastián; Martínez, Leopoldo

2004-06-01

318

Increasing the source/sink ratio in Vitis vinifera (cv Sangiovese) induces extensive transcriptome reprogramming and modifies berry ripening  

PubMed Central

Background Cluster thinning is an agronomic practice in which a proportion of berry clusters are removed from the vine to increase the source/sink ratio and improve the quality of the remaining berries. Until now no transcriptomic data have been reported describing the mechanisms that underlie the agronomic and biochemical effects of thinning. Results We profiled the transcriptome of Vitis vinifera cv. Sangiovese berries before and after thinning at veraison using a genome-wide microarray representing all grapevine genes listed in the latest V1 gene prediction. Thinning increased the source/sink ratio from 0.6 to 1.2 m2 leaf area per kg of berries and boosted the sugar and anthocyanin content at harvest. Extensive transcriptome remodeling was observed in thinned vines 2 weeks after thinning and at ripening. This included the enhanced modulation of genes that are normally regulated during berry development and the induction of a large set of genes that are not usually expressed. Conclusion Cluster thinning has a profound effect on several important cellular processes and metabolic pathways including carbohydrate metabolism and the synthesis and transport of secondary products. The integrated agronomic, biochemical and transcriptomic data revealed that the positive impact of cluster thinning on final berry composition reflects a much more complex outcome than simply enhancing the normal ripening process. PMID:22192855

2011-01-01

319

Early inhibition of photosynthesis during development of Mn toxicity in tobacco. [Nicotiana tabacum L. cv KY14  

SciTech Connect

Early physiological effects of developing Mn toxicity in young leaves of burley tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv KY 14) were examined in glass-house/water cultured plants grown at high (summer) and low (winter) photon flux. Following transfer of plants to solutions containing 1 millimolar Mn{sup 2+}, sequential samplings were made at various times for the following 9 days, during which Mn accumulation by leaves increased rapidly from {approx} 70 on day 0 to {approx} 1700 and {approx} 5000 microgram per gram dry matter after 1 and 9 days, respectively. In plants grown at high photon flux, net photosynthesis declined by {approx} 20 and {approx} 60% after 1 and 9 days, respectively, and the onset of this decline preceded appearance (after 3 to 4 days) of visible foliar symptoms of Mn toxicity. Intercellular CO{sub 2} concentrations and rates of transpiration were not significantly affected. Though the activity of latent or activated polyphenol oxidase increased in parallel with Mn accumulation, neither leaf respiration nor the activity of catalase (EC 1.11.1.6) and peroxidase (EC 1.10.1.7) were greatly affected. These effects from Mn toxicity could not be explained by any changes in protein or chlorophyll abundance. Additionally, they were not a consequence of Mn induced Fe deficiency. Therefore, inhibition of net photosynthesis and enhancement of polyphenol oxidase activity are early indicators of excess Mn accumulation in tobacco leaves.

Nable, R.O.; Houtz, R.L.; Cheniae, G.M. (Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington (USA))

1988-04-01

320

Characterisation of extra virgin olive oils from Galician autochthonous varieties and their co-crushings with Arbequina and Picual cv.  

PubMed

The current trend of the olive oil market is the production of high quality extra from traditional minor olive varieties with peculiar and differentiated characteristics (especially with respect to the aromatic and phenolic composition). In this way, the interest of Galician oil producers (NW Spain) in recovering old autochthonous Local olive fruits has increased substantially in recent years. In order to investigate the potential of the Local olives by either producing high quality monovarietal oils or mixing with the most widespread olives in Galicia (Arbequina and Picual cv.), quality indices, and fatty acid composition as well as volatile and phenolic profiles were determined and compared. All EVOOs studied in this work can be considered as "extra virgin olive oil" due to quality indices fell within the ranges established in legislation. Picual and Local olive oils as well as those resulting from their co-crushing reach values which are required by EU legislation to add the specific health claim on the oil label. Co-crushing Picual:Local (80:20) provided a significant enhancement of grass and apple nuances and a decrease of banana notes with respect to Picual oils. The co-crushing process improved sensory and health properties of Picual extra virgin olive oils. The effect of co-crushing on phenolics, ester volatiles and banana nuances cannot be easily modulated, contrary to quality indices and fatty acid composition, both changing linearly in strict correlation with the fruit mass ratio. PMID:25624261

Reboredo-Rodríguez, P; González-Barreiro, C; Cancho-Grande, B; Fregapane, G; Salvador, M D; Simal-Gándara, J

2015-06-01

321

Effect of gamma rays on different explants of callus treatment of multiple shoots in Cucumis melo cv. Bathasa.  

PubMed

A mutagenesis programme was carried out using physical mutagens (gamma rays) on Cucumis melo cv. Bathasa. In irradiated seeds the number of shoots formed in the lower doses was significantly higher than the controls. Decrease in the number of shoots and shoot bud formation was observed with higher doses in all the explants studies. There was complete lethality in the 10, 15 and 20 kR doses. In irradiated stem cultures the maximum number of shoots were observed in 2 kR. The number of shoots decreased with increasing doses of irradiation. At higher doses of 4 and 5kR, light green compact callus was formed in almost all the explants. The effect of lower doses of gamma irradiation on shoot bud formation and rooting efficiency from nodal explants cultured on MS +2.0 mgl(-1) L-glutamic acid + 0.5 mgl(-1) BAP, stimulation of shoot and root induction were studied. The number of shoots and root lengths decreased with the increasing dosage of irradiation. The irradiated callus was grown on solidified MS medium with containing 2.0 mgl(-1) BAP + 1.0 mgl(-1) IAA. There was a significant stimulation of growth in the callus at lower doses. At higher doses like 15 and 20 kRs growth was drastically reduced. PMID:19295084

Venkateshwarlu, M

2008-09-01

322

Quantification of Apoplastic Potassium Content by Elution Analysis of Leaf Lamina Tissue from Pea (Pisum sativum L. cv Argenteum) 1  

PubMed Central

K+ content and concentration within the apoplast of mesophyll tissue of pea (Pisum sativum L., cv Argenteum) leaflets were determined using an elution procedure. Following removal of the epidermis, a 1 centimeter (inside diameter) glass cylinder was attached to the exposed mesophyll tissue and filled with 5 millimolar CaCl2 solution (1°C). From time-course curves of cumulative K+ diffusion from the tissue, the amount of K+ of extracellular origin was estimated. Apoplastic K+ contents for leaves from plants cultured in nutrient solution containing 2 or 10 millimolar K+ were found to range from 1 to 4.5 micromoles per gram fresh weight, comprising less than 3% of the total K+ content within the lamina tissue. Assuming an apoplastic solution volume of 0.04 to 0.1 milliliters per gram fresh weight and a Donnan cation exchange capacity of 2.63 micromoles per gram fresh weight (experimentally determined), the K+ concentration within apoplastic solution was estimated at 2.4 to 11.8 millimolar. Net movement of Rb+ label from the extracellular compartment within mesophyll tissue into the symplast was demonstrated by pulse-chase experiments. It was concluded that the mesophyll apoplast in pea has a relatively low capacitance as an ion reservoir. Apoplastic K+ content was found to be highly sensitive to changes in xylem solution concentration. Images Figure 1 PMID:16667794

Long, Jean M.; Widders, Irvin E.

1990-01-01

323

Spectral variability of /s/ in sV and sCV sequences produced by adults and children  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous research has demonstrated that both children and adults produce /s/ with greater spectral variability in /sp/ sequences than /st/ sequences, when these sequences are embedded in the medial position of CVCCVC nonwords [B. Munson, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 110, 1203-1206 (2001)]. The current study examined whether this result could be replicated when /s/ is embedded in syllable-onset clusters, with a variety of following consonants and vowels. Adults and children aged 3-7 were recorded producing multiple tokens of sV and sCV nonwords, where the vowel was either /i/, /opena/, or /u/, and the consonant was either /p/, /t/, /w/, or /l/. For each token, the spectral mean of non-overlapping 10-ms windows of frication noise was calculated. Nonlinear regressions of the form y=aebx were used to predict the spectral mean of each portion of frication noise from its position in the fricative. The resulting measure of model fit, R2, was used as an index of within-speaker variability. For each participant, separate R2 values were calculated for /s/ in each of the 15 phonetic contexts. Analyses will address the influence of age, consonant context, and vowel context on spectral variability.

Munson, Benjamin

2002-05-01

324

Characterization of the adaptive response of grapevine (cv. Tempranillo) to UV-B radiation under water deficit conditions.  

PubMed

This work aims to characterize the physiological response of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) cv. Tempranillo to UV-B radiation under water deficit conditions. Grapevine fruit-bearing cuttings were exposed to three levels of supplemental biologically effective UV-B radiation (0, 5.98 and 9.66kJm(-2)day(-1)) and two water regimes (well watered and water deficit), in a factorial design, from fruit-set to maturity under glasshouse-controlled conditions. UV-B induced a transient decrease in net photosynthesis (Anet), actual and maximum potential efficiency of photosystem II, particularly on well watered plants. Methanol extractable UV-B absorbing compounds (MEUVAC) concentration and superoxide dismutase activity increased with UV-B. Water deficit effected decrease in Anet and stomatal conductance, and did not change non-photochemical quenching and the de-epoxidation state of xanthophylls, dark respiration and photorespiration being alternative ways to dissipate the excess of energy. Little interactive effects between UV-B and drought were detected on photosynthesis performance, where the impact of UV-B was overshadowed by the effects of water deficit. Grape berry ripening was strongly delayed when UV-B and water deficit were applied in combination. In summary, deficit irrigation did not modify the adaptive response of grapevine to UV-B, through the accumulation of MEUVAC. However, combined treatments caused additive effects on berry ripening. PMID:25617319

Martínez-Lüscher, J; Morales, F; Delrot, S; Sánchez-Díaz, M; Gomès, E; Aguirreolea, J; Pascual, I

2015-03-01

325

In vitro clonal propagation of bael (Aegle marmelos Corr.) CV. CISH-B1 through enhanced axillary branching.  

PubMed

Rapid clonal micropropagation protocol of Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. cv. CISH-B1 was achieved by nodal stem segment of mature bearing tree. Three centimeter long shoots having one axillary bud excised from 10-15th nodal region of shoots during September gave quick in vitro bud burst (5.33 days) when cultured on MS medium supplemented with BAP, 8.84 ?M + IAA 5.7 ?M. The maximum number of proliferated shoots (9.0/explant) were obtained on same medium supplemented with BAP 8.84 ?M + IAA 5.7 ?M. The micro shoots were rooted (100 %) on + IAA 5.7 ?M. In vitro rooted plants were acclimatized on autoclaved coconut husk containing plant salt mixture and under shade net house (50 % shade 70-80 % RH). The plants were established in the field after acclimatization. The micropropagated plants were tested for its genetic fidelity using 13 RAPD, 3 ISSR and 2 DAMD primers. Profile obtained by all the three Single Primer Amplification Reaction (SPAR) technique from mother tree and micropropagated plants revealed genetic integrity of micropropagated plants with that of mother tree. PMID:23572900

Pati, Rajesh; Chandra, Ramesh; Chauhan, Ugam Kumari; Mishra, Maneesh; Srivastava, Navin

2008-10-01

326

Forsterite-bearing type B refractory inclusions from CV3 chondrites: From aggregates to volatilized melt droplets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Detailed petrologic and oxygen isotopic analysis of six forsterite-bearing Type B calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions (FoBs) from CV3 chondrites indicates that they formed by varying degrees of melting of primitive precursor material that resembled amoeboid olivine aggregates. A continuous evolutionary sequence exists between those objects that experienced only slight partial melting or sintering through objects that underwent prolonged melting episodes. In most cases, melting was accompanied by surface evaporative loss of magnesium and silicon. This loss resulted in outer margins that are very different in composition from the cores, so much so that in some cases, the mantles contain mineral assemblages that are petrologically incompatible with those in the cores. The precursor objects for these FoBs had a range of bulk compositions and must therefore have formed under varying conditions if they condensed from a solar composition gas. Five of the six objects show small degrees of mass-dependent oxygen isotopic fractionation in pyroxene, spinel, and olivine, consistent with the inferred melt evaporation, but there are no consistent differences among the three phases. Forsterite, spinel, and pyroxene are 16O-rich with ?17O ˜ -24‰ in all FoBs. Melilite and anorthite show a range of ?17O from -17‰ to -1‰.

Bullock, Emma S.; MacPherson, Glenn J.; Nagashima, Kazuhide; Krot, Alexander N.; Petaev, Michail I.; Jacobsen, Stein B.; Ulyanov, Alexander A.

2012-12-01

327

Tomografía computarizada (TC) y exploraciones para cáncer  

Cancer.gov

Hoja informativa que describe el procedimiento y la tecnología de exploraciones con tomografía computarizada así como sus usos para el diagnóstico, para exámenes de detección y para tratamiento del cáncer.

328

Pruebas genéticas para síndromes hereditarios de cáncer  

Cancer.gov

Hoja informativa sobre pruebas genéticas para riesgos heredados de cáncer; incluye tipos de pruebas, para quién están indicadas y explicación y confidencialidad de los resultados. Ofrece información de pruebas genéticas a domicilio o pruebas para el consumidor.

329

Noble Gas Analysis of the Julesburg L3.6, Tulia H4, Y-86789 Thermally Metamorphosed CM, and Allende CV3 Chondrites by Crushing Method  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyzed noble gases of the Julesburg L3.6, Tulia H4, Y-86789 thermally metamorphosed CM, and Allende CV3 chondrites by the stepped crushing method. All samples have released light noble gases with meteoritic isotopic compositions and heavy noble gases which are contaminated with air to various extents. Total amounts of crash-released noble gases of the four meteorites are estimated to be

D. Fukuda; T. Nakamura; N. Takaoka; K. Nagao

1996-01-01

330

Photosynthetic characteristics and growth responses of dwarf apple ( Malus domesti ca Borkh. cv. Fuji) saplings after 3 years of exposure to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration and temperature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growth and photosynthetic responses of dwarf apple saplings (Malus domestica Borkh. cv. Fuji) acclimated to 3 years of exposure to contrasting atmospheric CO2 concentrations (360 and 650 µmol mol-1) in combination with current ambient or elevated (ambient +5°C) temperature patterns were determined. Four 1-year-old apple saplings grafted onto M.9 rootstocks were each enclosed in late fall 1997 in a controlled

Hee-Myong Ro; Pan-Gi Kim; In-Bog Lee; Myoung-Soon Yiem; Su-Young Woo

2001-01-01

331

Petrography, stable isotope compositions, microRaman spectroscopy, and presolar components of Roberts Massif 04133: A reduced CV3 carbonaceous chondrite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Here, we report the mineralogy, petrography, C-N-O-stable isotope compositions, degree of disorder of organic matter, and abundances of presolar components of the chondrite Roberts Massif (RBT) 04133 using a coordinated, multitechnique approach. The results of this study are inconsistent with its initial classification as a Renazzo-like carbonaceous chondrite, and strongly support RBT 04133 being a brecciated, reduced petrologic type >3.3 Vigarano-like carbonaceous (CV) chondrite. RBT 04133 shows no evidence for aqueous alteration. However, it is mildly thermally altered (up to approximately 440 °C); which is apparent in its whole-rock C and N isotopic compositions, the degree of disorder of C in insoluble organic matter, low presolar grain abundances, minor element compositions of Fe,Ni metal, chromite compositions and morphologies, and the presence of unequilibrated silicates. Sulfides within type I chondrules from RBT 04133 appear to be pre-accretionary (i.e., did not form via aqueous alteration), providing further evidence that some sulfide minerals formed prior to accretion of the CV chondrite parent body. The thin section studied contains two reduced CV3 lithologies, one of which appears to be more thermally metamorphosed, indicating that RBT 04133, like several other CV chondrites, is a breccia and thus experienced impact processing. Linear foliation of chondrules was not observed implying that RBT 04133 did not experience high velocity impacts that could lead to extensive thermal metamorphism. Presolar silicates are still present in RBT 04133, although presolar SiC grain abundances are very low, indicating that the progressive destruction or modification of presolar SiC grains begins before presolar silicate grains are completely unidentifiable.

Davidson, Jemma; Schrader, Devin L.; Alexander, Conel M. O'd.; Lauretta, Dante S.; Busemann, Henner; Franchi, Ian A.; Greenwood, Richard C.; Connolly, Harold C.; Domanik, Kenneth J.; Verchovsky, Alexander

2014-12-01

332

Effect of Intranasal Administration of CV11974, a Type 1 Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonist, on Airway Hyperresponsiveness and Airway Inflammation Induced by Antigen Inhalation in Guinea Pigs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Angiotensin II is a putative mediator in asthma, but the effect of topical administration of type 1 angiotensin II (AT1) receptor antagonists on allergic airway reactions is not known. Objective: To investigate the effect of intranasal administration of CV-11974, an AT1 receptor antagonist, and of PD123319, a type 2 angiotensin II (AT2) receptor antagonist, on antigen-induced airway reactions in

Shigeharu Myou; Masaki Fujimura; Toshiyuki Kita; Kazuyoshi Watanabe; Tatsuki Hirose; Hideki Tachibana; Yoshihisa Ishiura; Shinji Nakao

2002-01-01

333

Analysis of the Expression of Anthocyanin Pathway Genes in Developing Vitis vinifera 1. cv Shiraz Grape Berries and the - Implications for Pathway Regdation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anthocyanin synthesis in Vitis vinifera L. cv Shiraz grape berries began 1 O weeks postflowering and continued throughout berry ripening. Expression of seven genes of the anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway (phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL), chalcone synthase (CHS), chalcone isomerase (CHI), flavanone-3-hydroxylase (F3Hl, dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR), leucoanthocyanidin dioxygen- ase (LDOX), and UDP glucose-flavonoid 3-o-glucosyl transferase (UFCT)) was determined. In flowers and grape

Paul K. BOSS; Christopher Davies; Simon P. Robinson

334

The lipid composition, fluidity, and Mg 2+ ATPase activity of rice ( Oryza sativa L. cv. Bahia) shoot plasma membranes: effects of ABA and GA 3  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six-day-old rice plants (Oryza sativa L., cv Bahia) were grown for 5 days more in nutrient solution culture containing 10?5 M abscisic acid (ABA) or gibberellic acid (GA3) (treated plants). Plasma membrane (PM) vesicles were isolated from the shoots of treated or control plants, and ATPase hydrolytic\\u000a and proton-pumping activity, fluidity, and free sterol and phospholipid composition were determined. Both

C. Martínez-Cortina; R. Ros; D. T. Cooke; C. S. James; A. Sanz

1992-01-01

335

Long-term treatment with angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist, CV-11974, restores beta-catenin mRNA expression in volume-overloaded rabbit hearts.  

PubMed

This study aimed to search genes altered in expression after long-term treatment with the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1) antagonist, CV-11974, in volume-overloaded hearts. Arteriovenous shunt was made between the common carotid artery and jugular vein in Japanese White rabbits. Shunt-operated rabbits were randomly treated with CV-11974 or vehicle for 6 weeks, starting 6 weeks after surgery. As controls, sham-operated rabbits were given vehicle. Total RNA was prepared from each left ventricular myocardium. Using differential display, we screened one cDNA encoding human beta-catenin, in which the expression was upregulated after CV-11974 administration in shunt rabbit hearts. Beta-catenin is a molecule that exists in the intercalated disks and also works in cytoplasm as a major component of Wnt signaling. We then examined mRNA expressions of beta-catenin and connexin43 by semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The mRNA expressions of beta-catenin and connexin43 were markedly depressed in shunt-operated animals given vehicle compared with sham-operated animals (P < 0.01). These results suggest that downregulation of beta-catenin and connexin43 expression might be involved in the process of ventricular remodeling by volume overload. The RT-PCR also demonstrated that beta-catenin mRNA expression was significantly higher in shunt rabbits treated with CV-11974 than in those given vehicle (P < 0.05). These data suggest that volume overload may downregulate beta-catenin expression by an AT1 receptor-mediated pathway. PMID:12434200

Itoh, Makoto; Takeishi, Yasuchika; Nakada, Shigekazu; Miyamoto, Takuya; Tsunoda, Yuichi; Takahashi, Hiroki; Kubota, Isao; Tomoike, Hitonobu

2002-11-01

336

Application of silver nanoparticles contained in ethanol as a working fluid in an oscillating heat pipe with a check valve (CLOHP/CV): a thermodynamic behaviour study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research focused on the thermal behaviour of oscillating heat pipe with a check valve (CLOHP/CV). The CLOHP/CV was made from a copper capillary tube with an internal diameter of 2.03 mm, 40 turns, and 2 check valves. The CLOHP/CV had three sections: the evaporator and adiabatic condenser of a length of 50, 100, and 150 mm. The angles of inclinations were 90°, 80°, 60°, 40°, 20° and 0° at normal operating conditions. The two working fluids were an ethanol and silver nanoparticles concentration of 0.5 wt% contained in the ethanol (NE). The filling ratio was 50 % with respect to the total volume of the tube. The operating temperature (T w ) was 45, 65, 85, 105, 125 and 150 °C. The results of the study showed that the heat flux increased significantly when the operating temperature increased, and the heat flux increased when the L e decreased from 150 to 50 mm. Furthermore, the thermal behaviour of CLOHP/CV showed the highest heat flux of 2,012.63 W/m2 at L e of 50, with an angle of inclination of 90° and operating temperature of 150 °C with NE. The behaviour of 0.5 wt% of silver nanoparticles contained in the ethanol produced a good contact angle. The 0.5 wt% of silver nanoparticles decreased the wet ability, thus increasing the thermal behaviour. The optimum concentration for the addition of silver nanoparticles in the working fluid was 0.5 wt%.

Bhuwakietkumjohn, N.; Parametthanuwat, T.

2015-01-01

337

Long-Term Fungal Inhibitory Activity of Water-Soluble Extracts of Phaseolus vulgaris cv. Pinto and Sourdough Lactic Acid Bacteria during Bread Storage  

Microsoft Academic Search

The antifungal activity of proteinaceous compounds from different food matrices was investigated. In initial experiments, water-soluble extracts of wheat sourdoughs, cheeses, and vegetables were screened by agar diffusion assays with Penicillium roqueforti DPPMAF1 as the indicator fungus. Water-soluble extracts of sourdough fermented with Lactobacillus brevis AM7 and Phaseolus vulgaris cv. Pinto were selected for further study. The crude water-soluble extracts

Rossana Coda; Carlo G. Rizzello; Franco Nigro; Maria De Angelis; Philip Arnault; Marco Gobbetti

2008-01-01

338

Does nitrogen supply affect the response of wheat (Triticum aestivum cv. Hanno) to the combination of elevated CO2 and O3?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spring wheat (Triticum aestivum cv. Hanno) was grown at ambient (350 mmol mol? 1) or elevated CO2 (700 mmol mol? 1) in charcoaluPurafil1-filtered air (CFA - 5n mol mol ? 1) or ozone (CFA q75 nmol mol? 1 7h d? 1) at three levels of N supply (1.5, 4 and 14 mM NO?3 ), to test the hypothesis that the

Joao Cardoso-Vilhena; Jeremy Barnes

2001-01-01

339

Detection and discrimination of two fungal diseases of mango (cv. Keitt) fruits based on volatile metabolite profiles using GC\\/MS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Volatile organic compounds collected from the headspace of mango cv. Keitt inoculated with Lasiodiplodia theobromae (stem-end rot), Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (anthracnose), mock (as the first control) and non-wounded-non-inoculated mango (as the second control) were analyzed using GC\\/MS to investigate the feasibility of automatic detection and diagnosis of diseases of mango in stores. A total of 37 metabolites, relatively consistent in 8

M. Moalemiyan; A. Vikram; A. C. Kushalappa

2007-01-01

340

Light-induced root hair formation in lettuce ( Lactuca sativa L. cv. Grand Rapids) roots at low pH is brought by chlorogenic acid synthesis and sugar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previously, we reported that chlorogenic acid (CGA) facilitated root hair formation at pH 4.0 in lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. cv. Grand Rapids). Light was essential for this process. In the present study, we determined relationships between CGA,\\u000a light, and sugar during root hair formation in lettuce seedlings. The amount of CGA increased with white light in intact seedlings.\\u000a Exogenously applied

Megumi Narukawa; Keiji Watanabe; Yasunori Inoue

2010-01-01

341

The effect of supplementation of root zone dissolved inorganic carbon on fruit yield and quality of tomatoes (cv ‘Daniella’) grown with salinity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The possibility that elevated root zone dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) concentrations could increase yield and quality of Lycopersicon esculentum (L.) Mill. cv Daniella when combined with salinity in an agricultural production system was investigated. Root zone DIC was modified by supplying CO2-enriched irrigation solutions (1gl?1), NaHCO3-enriched irrigation solutions (10mM) or aerating the roots with ambient air or with air enriched

Michael D Cramer; Johannes A Oberholzer; Nicolaas J. J Combrink

2001-01-01

342

Aflatoxin — induced alteration in the levels of membrane chemicals of subcellular organelles isolated from excised, incubated Glycine max, cv. ‘Essex’ roots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Isolates of aflatoxin-producing strains of Aspergillus grow on autoclaved and field-grown (lesser extent) Glycine max beans. Both mixed and aflatoxin B1 inhibit G. max, cv. ‘Essex’ bean germination and elongation of either attached or excised cultured roots. Because B1 impairs the latter roots' ability to intracellularize [14C]-leucine, it may alter plasmalemma structure and\\/or function. To determine whether incubation of excised

J. M. Danley; S. Staggers; S. Walker; A. Varnert; G. C. Llewellyn; W. V. Dashek

1981-01-01

343

Physical Characterization of the Potentially Hazardous Asteroid and Planetary Radar Target 68216 (2001 CV26): An Excellent Shape/Pole Modeling Candidate.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Near-Earth Asteroid (NEA) 68216 (2001 CV26) was discovered February 1 2001 by the LINEAR NEA Discovery Survey (MPEC 2001-F15). With an Absolute Magnitude H=16.2 and a Minimum Orbit Intersection Distance MOID=0.023 AU, it has been flagged as a Potentially Hazardous Asteroid (PHA) by the Minor Planet Center. The asteroid's 2009-2010 apparition allowed for radar observation at both the Arecibo and Goldstone facilities in October 2009.

Hicks, M.; Lawrence, K.; Somers, J.; Foster, J.

2010-03-01

344

Physical Characterization of the Potentially Hazardous Asteroid and Planetary Radar Target 68216 (2001 CV26): An Excellent Shape\\/Pole Modeling Candidate  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Near-Earth Asteroid (NEA) 68216 (2001 CV26) was discovered February 1 2001 by the LINEAR NEA Discovery Survey (MPEC 2001-F15). With an Absolute Magnitude H=16.2 and a Minimum Orbit Intersection Distance MOID=0.023 AU, it has been flagged as a Potentially Hazardous Asteroid (PHA) by the Minor Planet Center. The asteroid's 2009-2010 apparition allowed for radar observation at both the Arecibo

M. Hicks; K. Lawrence; J. Somers; J. Foster

2010-01-01

345

Influence of technology, storage and exposure on components of extra virgin olive oil (Bosana cv) from whole and de-stoned fruits  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the influence of technology, storage and exposure on quality parameters, minor components, oxidative stability and antioxidant activity in two extra virgin olive oils of Bosana cv, obtained from whole (WO) and de-stoned fruits (DO), processed with a two-phase decanter. DO oils showed great stability and, consequently, had a longer shelf-life than WO oils. During storage, the former maintained

A. Del Caro; V. Vacca; M. Poiana; P. Fenu; A. Piga

2006-01-01

346

Comparative analysis of the energy levels of planar and core-twisted perylene bisimides in solution and solid state by UV/VIS, CV, and UPS/IPES  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The frontier orbital energies of four different functionalized perylene bisimide derivatives, PBI-Ph(iPr)2, PBI-H4, PBI-F2 and PBI-Cl4, were directly determined by UV-photo electron spectroscopy (UPS) and inverse photo electron spectroscopy (IPES) and are compared to the results from cyclic voltammetry (CV) and optical absorption spectroscopy (UV/VIS). The optical spectra reveal significant differences between monomeric species in solution and assembled molecules in the condensed state for the nearly planar PBI-H4 and PBI-F2, which are attributed to significant ?- ? stacking interactions in the condensed phase. In contrast, for PBIs with bulky substituents or twisted core, i.e. 2,6-isopropylphenyl substituents at the imide positions (PBI-Ph(iPr)2) or four chlorine substituents at perylene bay positions (PBI-Cl4), similar spectra are observed in solution and in the condensed state, which suggests the absence of strong intermolecular ?- ? stacking interactions. An entirely different result is obtained for the HOMO/LUMO energy values obtained from UPS/IPES and CV measurements which do not reveal a significant impact of intermolecular ?- ? stacking interactions. When comparing CV and UPS/IPES results, an accentuated deviation was observed for the perylene bisimide derivatives as compared to correlations found in the literature.

Arantes, C.; Scholz, M.; Schmidt, R.; Dehm, V.; Rocco, M. L. M.; Schöll, A.; Reinert, F.; Würthner, F.

2012-09-01

347

Hydrothermal origin of hexagonal CaAl2Si2O8 (dmisteinbergite) in a compact type A CAI from the Northwest Africa 2086 CV3 chondrite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report an occurrence of hexagonal CaAl2Si2O8 (dmisteinbergite) in a compact type A calcium-aluminum-rich inclusion (CAI) from the CV3 (Vigarano-like) carbonaceous chondrite Northwest Africa 2086. Dmisteinbergite occurs as approximately 10 ?m long and few micrometer-thick lath-shaped crystal aggregates in altered parts of the CAI, and is associated with secondary nepheline, sodalite, Ti-poor Al-diopside, grossular, and Fe-rich spinel. Spinel is the only primary CAI mineral that retained its original O-isotope composition (?17O ~ -24‰); ?17O values of melilite, perovskite, and Al,Ti-diopside range from -3 to -11‰, suggesting postcrystallization isotope exchange. Dmisteinbergite, anorthite, Ti-poor Al-diopside, and ferroan olivine have 16O-poor compositions (?17O ~ -3‰). We infer that dmisteinbergite, together with the other secondary minerals, formed by replacement of melilite as a result of fluid-assisted thermal metamorphism experienced by the CV chondrite parent asteroid. Based on the textural appearance of dmisteinbergite in NWA 2086 and petrographic observations of altered CAIs from the Allende meteorite, we suggest that dmisteinbergite is a common secondary mineral in CAIs from the oxidized Allende-like CV3 chondrites that has been previously misidentified as a secondary anorthite.

Fintor, Krisztian; Park, Changkun; Nagy, Szabolcs; Pál-Molnár, Elemér; Krot, Alexander N.

2014-05-01

348

Colonization and nitrogenase activity of Triticum aestivum (cv. Baccross and Mahdavi) to the dual inoculation with Azospirillum brasilense and Rhizobium meliloti plus 2,4-D.  

PubMed

The potential enhancement of root colonization and nitrogenase activity of wheat cultivars (Baccross and Mahdavi) was studied with application of two Azospirillum brasilense strains (native and Sp7) co-inoculated with two Rhizobium meliloti strains (native and DSMZ 30135). The results indicated that the colonization was different due to the strains and cultivars of wheat were used. Native A. brasilense colonized wheat root better than Sp7 strain. However, Baccross cv. reacted better with native Azospirillum compared to Mahdavi cv. which reacted better with Sp7. When plants inoculated with dual inoculants (SP7 with standard Rhizobium), the colonization of Azospirillum were increased significantly (from 1.67 x 10(5) to 22 x 10(5) cfu g(-1) FW for Baccras cv. and 3.67 x 10(5) to 26 x 10(5) cfu g(-1) FW for Mahdavi cultivar). When the standard Rhizobium as co-inoculants changed to the native Rhizobium, the colonization of Azospirillum was higher when compared to the single inoculants but was almost the same when compared to the standard Rhizobium. When the standard or native strains of Rhizobium used as single inoculation of wheat roots, the number of Rhizobium in the wheat roots were not changed significantly. However, when plants co-inoculated with Rhizobium and Azospirillum, the colonization of Rhizobium was increased. Co-inoculation of standard strain of R. melilot with A. brasilense Sp7 showed that the colonization of Rhizobium were increased from 0.67 x 10(5) to 21 x 10(5) cfu g(-1) FW for Baccross cv. and 0.33 x 10(5) to 18 x 10(5) cfu g(-1) FW for Mahdavi cv. This behavior was the same when inoculation of Rhizobium was happened with the native one. In dual inoculation, the highest nitrogenase activity was measured in combination of the local strains (native A. brasilense with the native R. meliloti) and the lower one belongs to the combination of standard strains (Sp7 with standard R. meliloti). The difference in nirtogenase activity for different cultivars of wheat with Sp7 and standard Rhizobium is not significant but the difference for Sp7 strain plus native Rhizobium is significant (p > 0.05). However, the differences were not significant (p < 0.05) for nitrogenase activity in bacterial tubes, the difference for nitrogenase activity of co-inoculated plants with combination of Sp7 and Rhizobium either standard or native were significantly different. PMID:18819640

Mehry, Askary; Akbar, Mostajeran; Giti, Emtiazi

2008-06-15

349

An alcohol acyl transferase from apple (cv. Royal Gala), MpAAT1, produces esters involved in apple fruit flavor.  

PubMed

Apple flavor is characterized by combinations of ester compounds, which increase markedly during fruit ripening. The final step in ester biosynthesis is catalyzed by alcohol acyl transferases (AATs) that use coenzyme A (CoA) donors together with alcohol acceptors as substrates. The gene MpAAT1, which produces a predicted protein containing features of other plant acyl transferases, was isolated from Malus pumila (cv. Royal Gala). The MpAAT1 gene is expressed in leaves, flowers and fruit of apple. The recombinant enzyme can utilize a range of alcohol substrates from short to medium straight chain (C3-C10), branched chain, aromatic and terpene alcohols. The enzyme can also utilize a range of short to medium chain CoAs. The binding of the alcohol substrate is rate limiting compared with the binding of the CoA substrate. Among different alcohol substrates there is more variation in turnover compared with K(m) values. MpAAT1 is capable of producing many esters found in Royal Gala fruit, including hexyl esters, butyl acetate and 2-methylbutyl acetate. Of these, MpAAT1 prefers to produce the hexyl esters of C3, C6 and C8 CoAs. For the acetate esters, however, MpAAT1 preference depends upon substrate concentration. At low concentrations of alcohol substrate the enzyme prefers utilizing the 2-methylbutanol over hexanol and butanol, while at high concentrations of substrate hexanol can be used at a greater rate than 2-methylbutanol and butanol. Such kinetic characteristics of AATs may therefore be another important factor in understanding how the distinct flavor profiles of different fruit are produced during ripening. PMID:15955071

Souleyre, Edwige J F; Greenwood, David R; Friel, Ellen N; Karunairetnam, Sakuntala; Newcomb, Richard D

2005-06-01

350

Plasma membrane lipid alterations associated with cold acclimation of winter rye seedlings (Secale cereale L. cv Puma)  

SciTech Connect

Highly enriched plasma membrane fractions were isolated from leaves of nonacclimated (NA) and acclimated (ACC) rye (Secale cereale L. cv Puma) seedlings. Collectively, free sterols, steryl glucosides, and acylated steryl glucosides constituted > 50 mole % of the total lipid in both NA and ACC plasma membrane fractions. Glucocerebrosides containing hydroxy fatty acids constituted the major glycolipid class of the plasma membrane, accounting for 16 mole % of the total lipid. Phospholipids, primarily phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine with lesser amounts of phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylserine, and phosphatidylinositol, comprised only 32 mole% of the total lipid in NA samples. Following cold acclimation, free sterols increased from 33 to 44 mole %, while steryl glucosides and acylated steryl glucosides decreased from 15 to 6 mole % and 4 to 1 mole %, respectively. Sterol analyses of these lipid classes demonstrated that free {beta}-sitosterol increased from 21 to 32 mole % (accounting for the increase in free sterols as a class) at the expense of sterol derivatives containing {beta}-sitosterol. Glucocerebrosides decreased from 16 to 7 mole % of the total lipid following cold acclimation. In addition, the relative proportions of associated hydroxy fatty acids, including 22:0 (h), 24:0 (h), 22:1 (h), and 24:1 (h) were altered. The phospholipid content of the plasma membrane fraction increased to 42 mole % of the total lipid following cold acclimation. Although the relative proportions of the individual phospholipids did not change appreciably after cold acclimation, there were substantial differences in the molecular species. Di-unsaturated molecular species of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine increased following acclimation. These results demonstrate that cold acclimation results in substantial changes in the lipid composition of the plasma membrane.

Lynch, D.V.; Steponkus, P.L. (Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (USA))

1987-01-01

351

Root exudation and root development of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. cv. Tizian) as affected by different soils.  

PubMed

Development and activity of plant roots exhibit high adaptive variability. Although it is well-documented, that physicochemical soil properties can strongly influence root morphology and root exudation, particularly under field conditions, a comparative assessment is complicated by the impact of additional factors, such as climate and cropping history. To overcome these limitations, in this study, field soils originating from an unique experimental plot system with three different soil types, which were stored at the same field site for 10 years and exposed to the same agricultural management practice, were used for an investigation on effects of soil type on root development and root exudation. Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. cv. Tizian) was grown as a model plant under controlled environmental conditions in a minirhizotrone system equipped with root observation windows (rhizoboxes). Root exudates were collected by placing sorption filters onto the root surface followed by subsequent extraction and GC-MS profiling of the trapped compounds. Surprisingly, even in absence of external stress factors with known impact on root exudation, such as pH extremes, water and nutrient limitations/toxicities or soil structure effects (use of sieved soils), root growth characteristics (root length, fine root development) as well as profiles of root exudates were strongly influenced by the soil type used for plant cultivation. The results coincided well with differences in rhizosphere bacterial communities, detected in field-grown lettuce plants cultivated on the same soils (Schreiter et al., this issue). The findings suggest that the observed differences may be the result of plant interactions with the soil-specific microbiomes. PMID:24478764

Neumann, G; Bott, S; Ohler, M A; Mock, H-P; Lippmann, R; Grosch, R; Smalla, K

2014-01-01

352

Quantified, whole section trace element mapping of carbonaceous chondrites by Synchrotron X-ray Fluorescence Microscopy: 1. CV meteorites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the application of a new synchrotron-based technique for rapid mapping of trace element distributions across large areas of the CV3 meteorites Allende and Vigarano. This technique utilizes the Australian Synchrotron X-ray Fluorescence Microscopy (XFM) beam line with its custom designed and built X-ray detector array called Maia. XFM with Maia allows data to be collected using a 2 ?m spot size at very low dwell times (?0.1-0.5 ms), resulting in maps of entire thin sections in ?5 h. Maia is an energy dispersive detector system with a large collection solid-angle, which allows full spectral acquisition and high sensitivity. Hence, there is no need to constrain the elements of interest a priori. We collected whole section maps (?2 cm × 1 cm) from 3 thick sections of Allende and a single map (2 cm × 1.5 cm) from a thick section of Vigarano. Our experimental conditions provide data for elements with 20 ? Z ? 40 (K-shell, Ca through Zr) and the L-emissions of Os, Ir, Pt, Au, and Pb. We illustrate the unique capabilities of this technique by presenting observations across myriad length scales, from the centimeter-scale down to the detection of sub-micrometer particles within these objects. Our initial results show the potential of this technique to help decipher spatial and textural variations in trace element chemistry between CAIs, chondrules, matrix, and other chondritic components. We also illustrate how these datasets can be applied to understanding both nebular and parent-body processes within meteorites.

Dyl, Kathryn A.; Cleverley, James S.; Bland, Phil A.; Ryan, Chris G.; Fisher, Louise A.; Hough, Robert M.

2014-06-01

353

Proteins Involved in Distinct Phases of Cold Hardening Process in Frost Resistant Winter Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cv Luxor  

PubMed Central

Winter barley is an economically important cereal crop grown in higher latitudes and altitudes where low temperatures represent an important environmental constraint limiting crop productivity. In this study changes in proteome of leaves and crowns in a frost tolerant winter barley cv. Luxor in relation to short and long term periods of cold followed by a brief frost treatment were studied in order to disclose proteins responsible for the cold hardening process in distinct plant tissues. The mentioned changes have been monitored using two dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) with subsequent peptide-mapping protein identification. Regarding approximately 600–700 distinct protein spots detected on 2D gels, there has been found at least a two-fold change after exposure to low temperatures in about 10% of proteins in leaves and 13% of proteins in crowns. Protein and nitrogen metabolic processes have been influenced by low temperature to a similar extent in both tissues while catabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and proteins involved in stress response have been more affected in crowns than in leaves. The range of changes in protein abundance was generally higher in leaves and chloroplast proteins were frequently affected which suggests a priority to protect photosynthetic apparatus. Overall, our data proved existence of slightly different response strategies to low temperature stress in crowns and leaves, i.e., tissues with different biological role. Moreover, there have been found several proteins with large increase in accumulation, e.g., 33 kDa oxygen evolving protein of photosystem II in leaves and “enhanced disease susceptibility 1” in crowns; these proteins might have potential to indicate an enhanced level of frost tolerance in barley. PMID:23584021

Hlavá?ková, Iva; Vítámvás, Pavel; Šantr??ek, Ji?í; Kosová, Klára; Zelenková, Sylva; Prášil, Ilja Tom; Ovesná, Jaroslava; Hynek, Radovan; Kodí?ek, Milan

2013-01-01

354

Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum cv Stewart) with improved efficiency.  

PubMed

An efficient Agrobacterium-mediated durum wheat transformation system has been developed for the production of 121 independent transgenic lines. This improved system used Agrobacterium strain AGL1 containing the superbinary pGreen/pSoup vector system and durum wheat cv Stewart as the recipient plant. Acetosyringone at 400 microM was added to both the inoculation and cultivation medium, and picloram at 10 mg l(-1) and 2 mg l(-1) was used in the cultivation and induction medium, respectively. Compared with 200 microM in the inoculation and cultivation media, the increased acetosyringone concentration led to significantly higher GUS (beta-glucuronidase) transient expression and T-DNA delivery efficiency. However, no evident effects of acetosyringone concentration on regeneration frequency were observed. The higher acetosyringone concentration led to an improvement in average final transformation efficiency from 4.7% to 6.3%. Furthermore, the concentration of picloram in the co-cultivation medium had significant effects on callus induction and regeneration. Compared with 2 mg l(-1) picloram in the co-cultivation medium, increasing the concentration to 10 mg l(-1) picloram resulted in improved final transformation frequency from 2.8% to 6.3%, with the highest frequency of 12.3% reached in one particular experiment, although statistical analysis showed that this difference in final transformation efficiency had a low level of significance. Stable integration of foreign genes, their expression, and inheritance were confirmed by Southern blot analyses, GUS assay, and genetic analysis. Analysis of T(1) progeny showed that, of the 31 transgenic lines randomly selected, nearly one-third had a segregation ratio of 3:1, while the remainder had ratios typical of two or three independently segregating loci. PMID:20202997

He, Y; Jones, H D; Chen, S; Chen, X M; Wang, D W; Li, K X; Wang, D S; Xia, L Q

2010-06-01

355

A transcriptomic study of grapevine (Vitis vinifera cv. Cabernet-Sauvignon) interaction with the vascular ascomycete fungus Eutypa lata  

PubMed Central

Eutypa dieback is a vascular disease that may severely affect vineyards throughout the world. In the present work, microarrays were made in order (i) to improve our knowledge of grapevine (Vitis vinifera cv. Cabernet-Sauvignon) responses to Eutypa lata, the causal agent of Eutypa dieback; and (ii) to identify genes that may prevent symptom development. Qiagen/Operon grapevine microarrays comprising 14?500 probes were used to compare, under three experimental conditions (in vitro, in the greenhouse, and in the vineyard), foliar material of infected symptomatic plants (S+R+), infected asymptomatic plants (S–R+), and healthy plants (S–R–). These plants were characterized by symptom notation after natural (vineyard) or experimental (in vitro and greenhouse) infection, re-isolation of the fungus located in the lignified parts, and the formal identification of E. lata mycelium by PCR. Semi-quantitative real-time PCR experiments were run to confirm the expression of some genes of interest in response to E. lata. Their expression profiles were also studied in response to other grapevine pathogens (Erysiphe necator, Plasmopara viticola, and Botrytis cinerea). (i) Five functional categories of genes, that is those involved in metabolism, defence reactions, interaction with the environment, transport, and transcription, were up-regulated in S+R+ plants compared with S–R– plants. These genes, which cannot prevent infection and symptom development, are not specific since they were also up-regulated after infection by powdery mildew, downy mildew, and black rot. (ii) Most of the genes that may prevent symptom development are associated with the light phase of photosynthesis. This finding is discussed in the context of previous data on the mode of action of eutypin and the polypeptide fraction secreted by Eutypa. PMID:20190040

Camps, Céline; Kappel, Christian; Lecomte, Pascal; Léon, Céline; Gomès, Eric; Coutos-Thévenot, Pierre; Delrot, Serge

2010-01-01

356

Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum cv Stewart) with improved efficiency  

PubMed Central

An efficient Agrobacterium-mediated durum wheat transformation system has been developed for the production of 121 independent transgenic lines. This improved system used Agrobacterium strain AGL1 containing the superbinary pGreen/pSoup vector system and durum wheat cv Stewart as the recipient plant. Acetosyringone at 400??M was added to both the inoculation and cultivation medium, and picloram at 10?mg l?1 and 2?mg l?1 was used in the cultivation and induction medium, respectively. Compared with 200??M in the inoculation and cultivation media, the increased acetosyringone concentration led to significantly higher GUS (?-glucuronidase) transient expression and T-DNA delivery efficiency. However, no evident effects of acetosyringone concentration on regeneration frequency were observed. The higher acetosyringone concentration led to an improvement in average final transformation efficiency from 4.7% to 6.3%. Furthermore, the concentration of picloram in the co-cultivation medium had significant effects on callus induction and regeneration. Compared with 2?mg l?1 picloram in the co-cultivation medium, increasing the concentration to 10?mg l?1 picloram resulted in improved final transformation frequency from 2.8% to 6.3%, with the highest frequency of 12.3% reached in one particular experiment, although statistical analysis showed that this difference in final transformation efficiency had a low level of significance. Stable integration of foreign genes, their expression, and inheritance were confirmed by Southern blot analyses, GUS assay, and genetic analysis. Analysis of T1 progeny showed that, of the 31 transgenic lines randomly selected, nearly one-third had a segregation ratio of 3:1, while the remainder had ratios typical of two or three independently segregating loci. PMID:20202997

He, Y.; Jones, H. D.; Chen, S.; Chen, X. M.; Wang, D. W.; Li, K. X.; Wang, D. S.; Xia, L. Q.

2010-01-01

357

Antioxidant Activity and Chemical Components as Potential Anticancer Agents in the Olive Leaf (Olea europaea L. cv Leccino.) Decoction.  

PubMed

Epidemiological studies have shown that a reduced risk of chronic diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases is correlated with a regular consumption of fruits and vegetable, many of which are rich in polyphenols. The additive and synergistic effect of phytochemicals in fruits and vegetables may reduce chronic diseases related to oxidative stress in human body. Olea europaea L. leaf are rich in phenolic components, which have been proposed to play a role in cancer prevention. The purpose of this study was to identify the main components in the Olea europaea L. leaf (cv. Leccino) preserved during the decoction preparation, in order to delineate the antioxidant activities of the crude extracts and its isolated compounds by using different in vitro assays including DPPH radicalscavenging capacity, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitory effect and the ability to delay the linoleic acid peroxidation process (ALP). The aqueous decoction was partitioned obtaining four extracts and the n-butanol extract showed the highest antioxidant activity and the highest total phenolic content. Phytochemical investigation leads to the isolation of thirteen secondary metabolites including simple phenolics, flavonoids, secoiridoids whose structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data (1D and 2D NMR) and spectrometric techniques. A significant free radical scavenging effect against DPPH has been evidenced in fraxamoside (1) (EC50 62.6 µM) and taxifolin (5) (EC50 50.0 µM), isolated for the first time from the water decoction. The most active compound in the TAC evaluation, was the 3,4 dihydro-phenyl glycol (8) (0.90 caffeic acid equiv.) while taxifolin and fraxamoside resulted as the most efficient inhibitors of XO activity (IC50 2.7 and 5.2 µM, respectively). Secoxyloganin (4), oleuropein (2) and tyrosol (6) showed the highest ALP activity. This study adds to the growing body of data supporting the bioactivities of phytochemicals and their potential impact on human health. PMID:25102361

Marino, Simona De; Festa, Carmen; Zollo, Franco; Nini, Antonella; Antenucci, Lina; Raimo, Gennaro; Iorizzi, Maria

2014-01-01

358

A lectin with highly potent inhibitory activity toward breast cancer cells from edible tubers of Dioscorea opposita cv. nagaimo.  

PubMed

A 70-kDa galactose-specific lectin was purified from the tubers of Dioscorea opposita cv. nagaimo. The purification involved three chromatographic steps: anion exchange chromatography on a Q-Sepharose column, FPLC-anion exchange chromatography on a Mono Q column, and FPLC-gel filtration on a Superdex 75 column. The purified nagaimo lectin presented as a single 35-kDa band in reducing SDS-PAGE while it exhibited a 70-kDa single band in non-reducing SDS-PAGE suggesting its dimeric nature. Nagaimo lectin displayed moderate thermostability, retaining full hemagglutinating activity after heating up to 62°C for 30 minutes. It also manifested stability over a wide pH range from pH 2 to 13. Nagaimo lectin was a galactose-specific lectin, as evidenced by binding with galactose and galactose-containing sugars such as lactose and raffinose. The minimum concentration of galactose, lactose and raffinose required to exert an inhibitory effect on hemagglutinating activity of nagaimo lectin was 20 mM, 5 mM and 40 mM, respectively. Nagaimo lectin inhibited the growth of some cancer cell lines including breast cancer MCF7 cells, hepatoma HepG2 cells and nasopharyngeal carcinoma CNE2 cells, with IC(50) values of 3.71 µM, 7.12 µM and 19.79 µM, respectively, after 24 hour treatment with nagaimo lectin. The induction of phosphatidylserine externalization and mitochondrial depolarization indicated that nagaimo lectin evoked apoptosis in MCF7 cells. However, the anti-proliferative activity of nagaimo lectin was not blocked by application of galactose, signifying that the activity was not related to the carbohydrate binding specificity of the lectin. PMID:23349827

Chan, Yau Sang; Ng, Tzi Bun

2013-01-01

359

Photosynthesis and growth responses of mustard (Brassica juncea L. cv Pusa Bold) plants to free air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE).  

PubMed

Increased atmospheric [CO2] is likely to affect photosynthesis, plant growth, and yield potential of plants. Mustard (Brassica juncea L.) is an important oil seed crop that is widely grown in India. Therefore, the impact of elevated [CO2] (585 ?mol mol(-1)) on pigment and protein content, chlorophyll a fluorescence, photosynthetic electron transport reactions, CO2 assimilation, biomass production, and seed yield potential was measured in B. juncea cv Pusa Bold, grown inside free air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE) rings installed on the campus of Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. Plants were grown for three consecutive winter seasons (2010-2013), in ambient (385 ?mol mol(-1)) or elevated [CO2], in field conditions. Elevated [CO2] had no significant effect on the minimal chlorophyll fluorescence (F 0), while the quantum efficiency of Photosystem II, measured as variable fluorescence (F v?=?F m-F 0) to maximum fluoresence (F m), increased by 3 %. Electron transport rate, photosystem I, photosystem II, and whole chain electron transport rates increased by 8 % in elevated [CO2]. However, the net photosynthesis rate increased by ?50 % in three growing seasons under elevated [CO2] condition. The stomatal conductance and transpiration rate decreased resulting in higher photosynthetic water use efficiency. The photosynthesizing surface, i.e., leaf area index substantially increased leading to higher biomass and seed yield under elevated [CO2] condition. Acclimatory downregulation of photosynthesis and plant productivity was not observed in three consecutive growing years suggesting that in the absence of nutrient limitation, B. juncea is highly responsive to elevated CO2 whose yield potential shall increase in changing climatic conditions. PMID:25471475

Ruhil, Kamal; Sheeba; Ahmad, Altaf; Iqbal, Muhammad; Tripathy, Baishnab C

2014-12-01

360

Xu Zhang's Homepage - CV  

E-print Network

Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations ... for Combined Hybrid Finite Element Methods and Application to Plate Bending Problems, Appl. Math. Comput. ... Fall 2014, MA 26600 (Ordinary Differential Equations), Purdue University.

361

Prmio para trs novas aplicaes  

E-print Network

Prémio para três novas aplicações Tecnologia. A "wiride" venceu o "Lisbon Big Apps", concurso de Instituto Superior Técnico que desenvolveu o projeto, citada pelo/dAT, a "wiride" é uma nova forma de andar

Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

362

Impact of innovative controlled atmosphere storage technologies and postharvest treatments on volatile compound production in cv. Pinova apples.  

PubMed

Organically grown apples cv. Pinova harvested at two different dates were stored at 1.3 degrees C for up to 4 months in air, up to 7 months in ULO (1.5 kPa of O(2) and 1.3 kPa of CO(2)) and in dynamic controlled atmosphere (DCA) conditions (0.4-0.6 kPa of O(2) and 0.6-0.8 kPa of CO(2)); the DCA storage method involved the use of a chlorophyll fluorescence monitoring system in order to detect low-O(2) stress in apples and to allow for the dynamic adaptation of storage atmosphere to O(2) levels that were lower than in ULO but still tolerated by fruits. A postharvest 1-MCP treatment (for 24 h at 1.3 degrees C) and a hot water treatment (for 180 s at 50 degrees C) were also tested on apples stored afterward in ULO and air, respectively. Volatile compounds isolated from the pulp of fruits were measured after 4 and 7 months, just upon removal from storage and after 11 days at 22 degrees C. Total amount of aroma compounds detected in apples stored in DCA was markedly higher (from 2- to 4-fold) than in fruits exposed to 1-MCP + ULO but, at most sampling times, significantly lower than in ULO fruits. Moderate differences in storage atmosphere composition between ULO and DCA significantly affected both total amount and profile of volatile esters. Analogous effects were observed on the alcohol precursors of the main esters. Exposure to 1-MCP inhibited biosynthesis of straight-chain esters more than that of branched-chain esters. The hot water treatment did not seem to produce marked changes in volatile composition after four months of air storage, except for a sharp accumulation of aldehydes during the shelf-life time. DCA storage technology, besides avoiding any chemical treatment, can preserve apple aroma compounds better than 1-MCP + ULO during long-term storage. PMID:19154103

Raffo, Antonio; Kelderer, Markus; Paoletti, Flavio; Zanella, Angelo

2009-02-11

363

Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of Indian mulberry, Morus indica cv. K2: a time-phased screening strategy.  

PubMed

An efficient and reproducible protocol for the production of transgenic plants was developed for Morus indica cv. K2 by Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation. The hypocotyls, cotyledon, leaf and leaf callus explants precultured for 5 days on regeneration medium were co-cultivated with a bacterial suspension at 10(9) cells/ml for 3 days in the dark. Infectivity of A. tumefaciens strain LBA4404 was more than that of strains GV2260 and A281, and among the various plasmids tried, pBI121 and pBI101:Act1 transformed nearly 100% of the explants followed closely by p35SGUSINT. About 90-100% of the explants tested positive in the beta-glucuronidase (GUS) histochemical assay performed after 3 days of co-cultivation. This high level of transient expression, however, decreased to 20-25% after 15 days. Gus activity was most stable in the callus explants, which emerged as the explant of choice for transformation. The transformed explants were selected on 50-75 mg/l kanamycin for 1 month, and 25-50% of the explants developed adventitious buds. On the basis of kanamycin-resistant shoots produced from the total number of explants inoculated, the transformation efficiency was 44%. After 1 month, 40% of these shoots displayed high gus activity as assessed by the GUS fluorometric assay. On a selection-free root induction medium, 80% of the shoots developed roots and 90% of the potted plantlets acclimatized to the growth room conditions. The 3-month-old regenerates showed gus and nptII(neomycin phosphotransferase II) gene activity as assayed by the GUS fluorometric assay and nptII enzyme assay, followed by PCR polymerase chain reaction (54.5%) analysis after 6-months. Transgene integration into the nuclear genome of 1-year-old regenerates was confirmed in 10 of the 18 transformants tested by Southern analysis. The transformation efficiency as defined by the number of transgenic plants produced from the total number of explants co-cultivated was 6%. PMID:12789417

Bhatnagar, S; Khurana, P

2003-03-01

364

Efficacy of Pneumococcal Nontypable Haemophilus influenzae Protein D Conjugate Vaccine (PHiD-CV) in Young Latin American Children: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Background The relationship between pneumococcal conjugate vaccine–induced antibody responses and protection against community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and acute otitis media (AOM) is unclear. This study assessed the impact of the ten-valent pneumococcal nontypable Haemophilus influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV) on these end points. The primary objective was to demonstrate vaccine efficacy (VE) in a per-protocol analysis against likely bacterial CAP (B-CAP: radiologically confirmed CAP with alveolar consolidation/pleural effusion on chest X-ray, or non-alveolar infiltrates and C-reactive protein ? 40 µg/ml); other protocol-specified outcomes were also assessed. Methods and Findings This phase III double-blind randomized controlled study was conducted between 28 June 2007 and 28 July 2011 in Argentine, Panamanian, and Colombian populations with good access to health care. Approximately 24,000 infants received PHiD-CV or hepatitis control vaccine (hepatitis B for primary vaccination, hepatitis A at booster) at 2, 4, 6, and 15–18 mo of age. Interim analysis of the primary end point was planned when 535 first B-CAP episodes, occurring ?2 wk after dose 3, were identified in the per-protocol cohort. After a mean follow-up of 23 mo (PHiD-CV, n?=?10,295; control, n?=?10,201), per-protocol VE was 22.0% (95% CI: 7.7, 34.2; one-sided p?=?0.002) against B-CAP (conclusive for primary objective) and 25.7% (95% CI: 8.4%, 39.6%) against World Health Organization–defined consolidated CAP. Intent-to-treat VE was 18.2% (95% CI: 5.5%, 29.1%) against B-CAP and 23.4% (95% CI: 8.8%, 35.7%) against consolidated CAP. End-of-study per-protocol analyses were performed after a mean follow-up of 28–30 mo for CAP and invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) (PHiD-CV, n?=?10,211; control, n?=?10,140) and AOM (n?=?3,010 and 2,979, respectively). Per-protocol VE was 16.1% (95% CI: ?1.1%, 30.4%; one-sided p?=?0.032) against clinically confirmed AOM, 67.1% (95% CI: 17.0%, 86.9%) against vaccine serotype clinically confirmed AOM, 100% (95% CI: 74.3%, 100%) against vaccine serotype IPD, and 65.0% (95% CI: 11.1%, 86.2%) against any IPD. Results were consistent between intent-to-treat and per-protocol analyses. Serious adverse events were reported for 21.5% (95% CI: 20.7%, 22.2%) and 22.6% (95% CI: 21.9%, 23.4%) of PHiD-CV and control recipients, respectively. There were 19 deaths (n?=?11,798; 0.16%) in the PHiD-CV group and 26 deaths (n?=?11,799; 0.22%) in the control group. A significant study limitation was the lower than expected number of captured AOM cases. Conclusions Efficacy was demonstrated against a broad range of pneumococcal diseases commonly encountered in young children in clinical practice. Trial registration www.ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00466947 Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary PMID:24892763

Tregnaghi, Miguel W.; Sáez-Llorens, Xavier; López, Pio; Abate, Hector; Smith, Enrique; Pósleman, Adriana; Calvo, Arlene; Wong, Digna; Cortes-Barbosa, Carlos; Ceballos, Ana; Tregnaghi, Marcelo; Sierra, Alexandra; Rodriguez, Mirna; Troitiño, Marisol; Carabajal, Carlos; Falaschi, Andrea; Leandro, Ana; Castrejón, Maria Mercedes; Lepetic, Alejandro; Lommel, Patricia; Hausdorff, William P.; Borys, Dorota; Guiñazú, Javier Ruiz; Ortega-Barría, Eduardo; Yarzábal, Juan P.; Schuerman, Lode

2014-01-01

365

Activation of salicylic acid metabolism and signal transduction can enhance resistance to Fusarium wilt in banana (Musa acuminata L. AAA group, cv. Cavendish).  

PubMed

Fusarium wilt caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubens (Foc) is the most serious disease that attacks banana plants. Salicylic acid (SA) can play a key role in plant-microbe interactions. Our study is the first to examine the role of SA in conferring resistance to Foc TR4 in banana (Musa acuminata L. AAA group, cv. Cavendish), which is the greatest commercial importance cultivar in Musa. We used quantitative real-time reverse polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) to analyze the expression profiles of 45 genes related to SA biosynthesis and downstream signaling pathways in a susceptible banana cultivar (cv. Cavendish) and a resistant banana cultivar (cv. Nongke No. 1) inoculated with Foc TR4. The expression of genes involved in SA biosynthesis and downstream signaling pathways was suppressed in a susceptible cultivar and activated in a resistant cultivar. The SA levels in each treatment arm were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography. SA levels were decreased in the susceptible cultivar and increased in the resistant cultivar. Finally, we examined the contribution of exogenous SA to Foc TR4 resistance in susceptible banana plants. The expression of genes involved in SA biosynthesis and signal transduction pathways as well as SA levels were significantly increased. The results suggest that one reason for banana susceptibility to Foc TR4 is that expression of genes involved in SA biosynthesis and SA levels are suppressed and that the induced resistance observed in banana against Foc TR4 might be a case of salicylic acid-dependent systemic acquired resistance. PMID:25277445

Wang, Zhuo; Jia, Caihong; Li, Jingyang; Huang, Suzhen; Xu, Biyu; Jin, Zhiqiang

2015-01-01

366

Understanding the atmospheric structure of T Tauri stars - II. UV spectroscopy of RY Tau, BP Tau, RU Lupi, GW Ori and CV Cha  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report results from our study of International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) data of a group of T Tauri stars (TTS). Comparisons between UV-line fluxes in these stars and in the Sun indicate very high levels of activity in their atmospheres and comparatively higher electron densities. Spectroscopic diagnostic line ratios indicate densities over an order of magnitude higher than in the `quiet' Sun at `transition region' temperatures. At these densities, metastable levels can attain comparable populations to the ground level and ionization fractions can be altered as a result of the sensitivity of dielectronic recombination. In Brooks et al. we improved the treatment of these effects using the adas software package, the atomic models and data of which are based on collisional-radiative theory. Here we extend the analysis to a sample of five TTS: RY Tau, BP Tau, RU Lupi, GW Ori and CV Cha. Using these models and data we derive the emission measure (EM) distribution for each star in the sample. We find that the decrease in EM with increasing temperature appears to be sharper than that found in previous work. In comparison with the Sun, the results suggest that the UV emission is formed in a region with a steeper density or volume gradient. We find mismatches between the theoretical and observed fluxes which cannot be explained by density effects and thus must be a result of uncertainties in the atomic data, unreliabilities in the fluxes or the failure of physical assumptions in the method. We have made a series of tests and comparisons, including examination of opacity effects, and these clearly favour the latter explanation. They also lead us to suggest the presence of two separate components in the UV emission for each of the TTS, although the case of CV Cha is more ambiguous. This supports and extends the earlier work of Jordan & Kuin on RU Lupi. Interestingly, we find that the EM distribution for GW Ori has values at least 10 times larger than those of RY Tau, which appears to have approximately the same electron density. A similar difference is found between CV Cha and RU Lupi. Following geometrical arguments, we suggest that the UV emission in GW Ori and CV Cha is formed in a more extended region than in the other three stars.

Brooks, D. H.; Costa, V. M.; Lago, M. T. V. T.; Lanzafame, A. C.

2001-10-01

367

CERES ERBE-like Instantaneous TOA Estimates (ES-8) in HDF (CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ES-8 archival data product contains a 24-hour, single-satellite, instantaneous view of scanner fluxes at the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) reduced from spacecraft altitude unfiltered radiances using Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) scanner Inversion algorithms and the ERBE shortwave (SW) and longwave (LW) Angular Distribution Models (ADMs). The ES-8 also includes the total (TOT), SW, LW, and window (WN) channel radiometric data; SW, LW, and WN unfiltered radiance values; and the ERBE scene identification for each measurement. These data are organized according to the CERES 3.3-second scan into 6.6-second records. As long as there is one valid scanner measurement within a record, the ES-8 record will be generated. The following CERES ES8 data sets are currently available: CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Transient-Ops2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1997-12-27; Stop_Date=2006-09-30] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Temporal_Resolution=1 day; Temporal_Resolution_Range=Daily - < Weekly].

Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

368

CERES ERBE-like Instantaneous TOA Estimates (ES-8) in HDF (CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ES-8 archival data product contains a 24-hour, single-satellite, instantaneous view of scanner fluxes at the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) reduced from spacecraft altitude unfiltered radiances using Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) scanner Inversion algorithms and the ERBE shortwave (SW) and longwave (LW) Angular Distribution Models (ADMs). The ES-8 also includes the total (TOT), SW, LW, and window (WN) channel radiometric data; SW, LW, and WN unfiltered radiance values; and the ERBE scene identification for each measurement. These data are organized according to the CERES 3.3-second scan into 6.6-second records. As long as there is one valid scanner measurement within a record, the ES-8 record will be generated. The following CERES ES8 data sets are currently available: CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Transient-Ops2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1997-12-27; Stop_Date=2006-10-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Temporal_Resolution=1 day; Temporal_Resolution_Range=Daily - < Weekly].

Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

369

CERES ERBE-like Instantaneous TOA Estimates (ES-8) in HDF (CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ES-8 archival data product contains a 24-hour, single-satellite, instantaneous view of scanner fluxes at the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) reduced from spacecraft altitude unfiltered radiances using Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) scanner Inversion algorithms and the ERBE shortwave (SW) and longwave (LW) Angular Distribution Models (ADMs). The ES-8 also includes the total (TOT), SW, LW, and window (WN) channel radiometric data; SW, LW, and WN unfiltered radiance values; and the ERBE scene identification for each measurement. These data are organized according to the CERES 3.3-second scan into 6.6-second records. As long as there is one valid scanner measurement within a record, the ES-8 record will be generated. The following CERES ES8 data sets are currently available: CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Transient-Ops2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1997-12-27; Stop_Date=2006-10-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Temporal_Resolution=1 day; Temporal_Resolution_Range=Daily - < Weekly].

Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

370

CERES ERBE-like Instantaneous TOA Estimates (ES-8) in HDF (CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ES-8 archival data product contains a 24-hour, single-satellite, instantaneous view of scanner fluxes at the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) reduced from spacecraft altitude unfiltered radiances using Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) scanner Inversion algorithms and the ERBE shortwave (SW) and longwave (LW) Angular Distribution Models (ADMs). The ES-8 also includes the total (TOT), SW, LW, and window (WN) channel radiometric data; SW, LW, and WN unfiltered radiance values; and the ERBE scene identification for each measurement. These data are organized according to the CERES 3.3-second scan into 6.6-second records. As long as there is one valid scanner measurement within a record, the ES-8 record will be generated. The following CERES ES8 data sets are currently available: CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Transient-Ops2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1997-12-27; Stop_Date=2005-03-29] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Temporal_Resolution=1 day; Temporal_Resolution_Range=Daily - < Weekly].

Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

371

Gibberellins and N -(2-chloro-4-pyridyl)- N? -phenylurea improve retention force and reduce water core in pre-mature fruit of Japanese pear cv. Housui  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of the effect of a gibberellin A3 + A4 mixture (GAs) on pre-harvest fruit drop of Japanese pear cv. Housui is reported. The GAs was applied alone or in combination\\u000a with N-(2-Chloro-4-pyridyl)-N?-phenylurea (CPPU) in a lanolin paste to the abscission zone at the spur-end of the pedicel. The results showed that the\\u000a GAs and CPPU combination treatment increased the pedicel–spur

Caixi Zhang; Kenji Tanabe; Ugyong Lee; Samsok Kang; Takashi Tokunaga

2009-01-01

372

In vitro hypoglycemic effects of different insoluble fiber-rich fractions prepared from the peel of Citrus sinensis L. cv. Liucheng.  

PubMed

Insoluble fiber-rich fractions (FRFs), including insoluble dietary fiber, alcohol-insoluble solid, and water-insoluble solid, were isolated from the peel of Citrus sinensis L. cv. Liucheng. We found that these three FRFs could effectively adsorb glucose, retard glucose diffusion, and inhibit the activity of alpha-amylase to different extents. These mechanisms might create a concerted benefit in decreasing the rate of glucose absorption and eventually lower the concentration of postprandial serum glucose. The potential hypoglycemic effects of these FRFs suggested that they could be incorporated as low-calorie bulk ingredients in high-fiber foods to reduce calorie level and control blood glucose level. PMID:14558787

Chau, Chi-Fai; Huang, Ya-Ling; Lee, Mao-Hsiang

2003-10-22

373

AYUDA PARA INVIDENTES UTILIZANDO TELEFONOS  

E-print Network

´on, aplicaci´on para m´oviles, c´odigo, base de da- tos,dpi (puntos por pulgada, dots per inch),layout,GPS. III #12;IV #12;Abstract Abstract The purpose of this project is to develop three smartphone apps in two of the most used moblie O.S: Android and iOS. This project has three apps: two developed in Android and one

Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

374

Induction of trans-resveratrol and extracellular pathogenesis-related proteins in elicited suspension cultured cells of Vitis vinifera cv Monastrell.  

PubMed

Suspension-cultured cells of Vitis vinifera cv Monastrell were used to investigate the effects of methyljasmonate, ethylene and salicylic acid separately or in combination with cyclodextrins on both trans-resveratrol production and the induction of defense responses. The results showed that the addition of methyljasmonate or ethylene to suspension-cultured cells jointly treated with cyclodextrins and salicylic acid provoked a decrease of trans-resveratrol levels suggesting that salicylic acid has a negative and antagonistic effect with methyljasmonate or ethylene on trans-resveratrol production. Likewise, the exogenous application of these compounds induced the accumulation of pathogenesis-related proteins. Analysis of the extracellular proteome showed the presence of amino acid sequences homologous to an specific ?-1,3-glucanase, class III peroxidases and a ?-1,4-mannanase, which suggests that these signal molecules could play a role in mediating defense-related gene product expression in V. vinifera cv Monastrell. Apart from these inducible proteins, other proteins were found in both the control and elicited cell cultures of V. vinifera. These included class IV chitinase, polygalacturonase inhibitor protein and reticuline oxidase-like protein, suggesting that their expression is constitutive being involved in the modification of the cell wall architecture during cell culture growth and in the prevention of pathogen attack. PMID:23127362

Belchí-Navarro, Sarai; Almagro, Lorena; Sabater-Jara, Ana Belén; Fernández-Pérez, Francisco; Bru, Roque; Pedreño, Maria Angeles

2013-02-15

375

Multilocus half-tetrad analysis and centromere mapping in citrus: evidence of SDR mechanism for 2n megagametophyte production and partial chiasma interference in mandarin cv ‘Fortune'  

PubMed Central

The genetic structure of 2n gametes and, particularly, the parental heterozygosity restitution at each locus depends on the meiotic process by which they originated, with first-division restitution and second-division restitution (SDR) being the two major mechanisms. The origin of 2n gametes in citrus is still controversial, although sexual polyploidisation is widely used for triploid seedless cultivar development. In this study, we report the analysis of 2n gametes of mandarin cv ‘Fortune' by genotyping 171 triploid hybrids with 35 simple sequence repeat markers. The microsatellite DNA allele counting-peak ratios method for allele-dosage evaluation proved highly efficient in segregating triploid progenies and allowed half-tetrad analysis (HTA) by inferring the 2n gamete allelic configuration. All 2n gametes arose from the female genitor. The observed maternal heterozygosity restitution varied between 10 and 82%, depending on the locus, thus SDR appears to be the mechanism underlying 2n gamete production in mandarin cv ‘Fortune'. A new method to locate the centromere, based on the best fit between observed heterozygosity restitution within a linkage group and theoretical functions under either partial or no chiasmata interference hypotheses was successfully applied to linkage group II. The maximum value of heterozygosity restitution and the pattern of restitution along this linkage group would suggest there is partial chiasma interference. The implications of such a restitution mechanism for citrus breeding are discussed. PMID:21587302

Cuenca, J; Froelicher, Y; Aleza, P; Juárez, J; Navarro, L; Ollitrault, P

2011-01-01

376

Direct online HPLC-CV-AFS method for traces of methylmercury without derivatisation: a matrix-independent method for urine, sediment and biological tissue samples.  

PubMed

Mercury (Hg) is a global pollutant which occurs in different species, with methylmercury (MeHg) being the critical compound due to its neurotoxicity and bioaccumulation through the food chain. Methods for trace speciation of MeHg are therefore needed for a vast range of sample matrices, such as biological tissues, fluids, soils or sediments. We have previously developed an ultra-trace speciation method for methylmercury in water, based on a preconcentration HPLC cold vapour atomic fluorescence spectrometry (HPLC-CV-AFS) method. The focus of this work is mercury speciation in a variety of sample matrices to assess the versatility of the method. Certified reference materials were used where possible, and samples were spiked where reference materials were not available, e.g. human urine. Solid samples were submitted for commonly used digestion or extraction processes to obtain a liquid sample for injection into the analytical system. For MeHg in sediment samples, an extraction procedure was adapted to accommodate MeHg separation from high amounts of Hg(2+) to avoid an overload of the column. The recovery for MeHg determination was found to be in the range of 88-104 % in fish reference materials (DOLT-2, DOLT-4, DORM-3), lobster (TORT-2), seaweed (IAEA-140/TM), sediments (ERM(®)-CC580) and spiked urine and has been proven to be robust, reliable, virtually matrix-independent and relatively cost-effective. Applications in the ultra-trace concentration range are possible using the preconcentration up to 200 mL, while for higher MeHg-containing samples, lower volumes can be applied. A comparison was carried out between species-specific isotope dilution gas chromatography inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (SSID-GC-ICP-MS) as the gold standard and HPLC-CV-AFS for biological tissues (liver, kidney and muscle of pilot whales), showing a slope of 1.008 and R (2)?=?0.97, which indicates that the HPLC-CV-AFS method achieves well-correlated results for MeHg in biological tissues. PMID:25318461

Brombach, Christoph-Cornelius; Gajdosechova, Zuzana; Chen, Bin; Brownlow, Andrew; Corns, Warren T; Feldmann, Jörg; Krupp, Eva M

2015-01-01

377

Noble Gas Analysis of the Julesburg L3.6, Tulia H4, Y-86789 Thermally Metamorphosed CM, and Allende CV3 Chondrites by Crushing Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyzed noble gases of the Julesburg L3.6, Tulia H4, Y-86789 thermally metamorphosed CM, and Allende CV3 chondrites by the stepped crushing method. All samples have released light noble gases with meteoritic isotopic compositions and heavy noble gases which are contaminated with air to various extents. Total amounts of crash-released noble gases of the four meteorites are estimated to be less than 1% of bulk. Comparing with the results of crushing experiments on the Happy Canyon E6/7 chondrite, the above four meteorites released much smaller fractions of noble gases, suggesting that the four meteorites contain minor amounts of noble gases in places such as microbubbles.

Fukuda, D.; Nakamura, T.; Takaoka, N.; Nagao, K.

1996-03-01

378

Determination of replacement of some inorganic elements in pulvinus of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris cv. Gina 2004) at chilling temperature by the WDXRF spectroscopic technique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, bean seedlings (Phaseolus vulgaris cv. Gina 2004) were exposed to chilling temperatures until leaves are wrinkled (9 day), that is, showed nyctinastic movement. Pulvinus were subsequently were cut from the leaves. Concentrations of inorganic elements (P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Cu) in the pulvinus were measured by wavelength-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WDXRF) spectrometry. Results indicated that concentration change (%) was not significant for Ca (0.82) but it was significant for K, P, Cl, S, and especially Cu concentrations (5.4%, 12.8%, 40.2%, 43.7%, 365%, respectively) in pulvinus of plants exposed to chilling temperature compared with control group. We hypothesize here the presence of association between nyctinasti movement brought about by pulvinus at chilling temperature in bean and changes of K, P, Cl, S and especially Cu concentrations measured by WDXRF analysis method.

Dumlupinar, Rahmi; Demir, Faruk; Budak, Gokhan; Karabulut, Abdulhalik; Kadi, Nuray; Karakurt, Halil; Erdal, Serkan

2007-01-01

379

CERES ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) in HDF (CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2006-09-30] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal_Resolution_Range=250 km - < 500 km or approximately 2.5 degrees - < 5.0 degrees; Temporal_Resolution=1 month; Temporal_Resolution_Range=Monthly - < Annual].

Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

380

CERES ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) in HDF (CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2006-10-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal_Resolution_Range=250 km - < 500 km or approximately 2.5 degrees - < 5.0 degrees; Temporal_Resolution=1 month; Temporal_Resolution_Range=Monthly - < Annual].

Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

381

Introducing constricted variational density functional theory in its relaxed self-consistent formulation (RSCF-CV-DFT) as an alternative to adiabatic time dependent density functional theory for studies of charge transfer transitions  

SciTech Connect

We have applied the relaxed and self-consistent extension of constricted variational density functional theory (RSCF-CV-DFT) for the calculation of the lowest charge transfer transitions in the molecular complex X-TCNE between X = benzene and TCNE = tetracyanoethylene. Use was made of functionals with a fixed fraction (?) of Hartree-Fock exchange ranging from ? = 0 to ? = 0.5 as well as functionals with a long range correction (LC) that introduces Hartree-Fock exchange for longer inter-electronic distances. A detailed comparison and analysis is given for each functional between the performance of RSCF-CV-DFT and adiabatic time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) within the Tamm-Dancoff approximation. It is shown that in this particular case, all functionals afford the same reasonable agreement with experiment for RSCF-CV-DFT whereas only the LC-functionals afford a fair agreement with experiment using TDDFT. We have in addition calculated the CT transition energy for X-TCNE with X = toluene, o-xylene, and naphthalene employing the same functionals as for X = benzene. It is shown that the calculated charge transfer excitation energies are in as good agreement with experiment as those obtained from highly optimized LC-functionals using adiabatic TDDFT. We finally discuss the relation between the optimization of length separation parameters and orbital relaxation in the RSCF-CV-DFT scheme.

Krykunov, Mykhaylo; Seth, Mike; Ziegler, Tom [Department of Chemistry, University of Calgary, University Drive 2500, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada)] [Department of Chemistry, University of Calgary, University Drive 2500, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada)

2014-05-14

382

Radiographic diagnosis of lameness in African elephants (Loxodonta africana).  

PubMed

Lameness in captive elephants is most commonly caused by pododermatitis or degenerative joint disease. Hard surfaces such as concrete, which produce a damp and cold environment, wet and muddy conditions, as well as restricted movement are the major causes of these problems. Radiography was performed in two African elephants at the Schoenbrunn Zoo in Vienna to determine the cause and extent of lameness. Various radiographic techniques are described for use in trained elephants. Low time settings were used to avoid loss of detail through movement and to minimize exposure while observing radiation safety. A 37-year-old elephant had front limb lameness due to an interdigital abscess. In radiographs of the foot an inhomogenous soft-tissue swelling without involvement of the phalanges was seen. Ultrasonography was helpful in visualizing the fluid-filled abscess. In additional joint radiographs severe degenerative joint disease was identified. A 13-year-old elephant had lameness of the hind limb. Radiographs of the hind limb from the foot to the stifle were made. Open physes and early signs of degenerative joint disease were identified on the radiographs. PMID:11130790

Hittmair, K M; Vielgrader, H D

2000-01-01

383

From Africa of States to United Africa: Towards Africana Democracy  

E-print Network

Since Western Liberal Democracy's philosophical, cultural, and value foundations are radically different from that of Africa and; based on post-disciplinary approach and review of the vast literature on theories and ...

Danabo, Pelle Darota

2008-08-21

384

Dominance rank relationships among wild female African elephants, Loxodonta africana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Socioecological models of the evolution of female-bonded societies predict a relation between resource dis- tribution and the nature of female affiliative and dominance relationships. Species that mainly rely on abundant, widely distributed resources, like African savanna elephants, are predicted to have unresolved dominance hierarchies and poorly differentiated female social relationships. Contrary to this prediction, female elephants have well-differentiated social relationships;

Elizabeth A. Archie; Thomas A. Morrison; Charles A. H. Foley; Cynthia J. Moss; Susan C. Alberts

2006-01-01

385

Smoking cessation and the risk of cardiovascular disease outcomes predicted from established risk scores: Results of the Cardiovascular Risk Assessment among Smokers in Primary Care in Europe (CV-ASPIRE) Study  

PubMed Central

Background Smoking is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). This multicenter, cross-sectional survey was designed to estimate the cardiovascular (CV) risk attributable to smoking using risk assessment tools, to better understand patient behaviors and characteristics related to smoking, and characterize physician practice patterns. Methods 1,439 smokers were recruited from Europe during 2011. Smokers were ?40 years old, smoked > 10 cigarettes/day and had recent measurements on blood pressure and lipids. CV risk was calculated using the SCORE system, Framingham risk equations, and Progetto CUORE model. The CV risk attributable to smoking was evaluated using a simulated control (hypothetical non-smoker) with identical characteristics as the enrolled smoker. Risks assessed included CV mortality, coronary heart disease (CHD), CVD and hard CHD. Demographics, comorbidities, primary reasons for consultation, behavior towards previous attempts to quit, and interest in smoking cessation was assessed. Dependence on nicotine was evaluated using the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence. GP practice patterns were assessed through a questionnaire. Results The prediction models consistently demonstrated a high CV risk attributable to smoking. For instance, the SCORE model demonstrated that this study population of smokers have a 100% increased probability of death due to cardiovascular disease in the next 10-years compared to non-smokers. A considerable amount of patients would like to hear from their GP about the different alternatives available to support their quitting attempt. Conclusions The findings of this study reinforce the importance of smoking as a significant predictor of long-term cardiovascular events. One of the best gains in health could be obtained by tackling the most important modifiable risk factors; these results suggest smoking is among the most important. PMID:23597191

2013-01-01

386

PREPARE UN EQUIPO PORTTIL PARA EMERGENCIAS Prepare un equipo portatil para emergencias de modo que pueda  

E-print Network

PREPARE UN EQUIPO PORTÁTIL PARA EMERGENCIAS Prepare un equipo portatil para emergencias de modo que libre) 2. Equipos medicos caseros (ejemplos: medidor de glucosa, monitor de presion arterial, baston

387

Taller de Ciencia para Jvenes para alumnos de bachillerato San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas  

E-print Network

Taller de Ciencia para Jóvenes para alumnos de bachillerato San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas 3-7 agosto, 2009 CONVOCATORIA El "Taller de Ciencia para Jóvenes" en San Cristobal de las Casas (Chiapas), está dirigido a los alumnos de escuelas de nivel bachillerato que se sienten atraidos a las ciencias

Bor, Gil

388

CURSO DE MUSICALIZAÇÃO PARA BEBÊS DA UFBA  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO: Considerando a importância da Educação Musical na primeira infância e os benefícios que esta pode trazer, este artigo tem o intuito de descrever e analisar os resultados do primeiro semestre do curso de musicalização para bebês na UFBA, que teve início em setembro de 2006, contemplando crianças com idades entre 0 e 4 anos, acompanhadas de seus responsáveis. Para

Angelita Maria Vander Broock

389

Semntica Operacional para la Programacin en Lgica  

E-print Network

(S)], [Y, a] } = { [S, g(X)] } Sustituciones Unificadoras y m.g.u./s Def: Sea S un conjunto de términos verifica que para todo otro unificador para S, existe una sustitución tal que = . Sust. Unif. y m.g.u./s

Simari, Guillermo R.

390

Developmental patterns of emission of scent compounds and related gene expression in roses of the cultivar Rosa x hybrida cv. 'Yves Piaget'.  

PubMed

2-Phenylethanol (2PE) and 3,5-dimethoxytoluene (DMT) are characteristic scent compounds in specific roses such as Rosa x hybrida cv. 'Yves Piaget'. We analyzed the endogenous concentrations and emission of 2PE and DMT during the unfurling process in different floral organs, as well as changes in transcript levels of the two key genes, PAR and OOMT2. The emission of both 2PE and DMT increased during floral development to reach peaks at the fully unfurled stage. The relative transcripts of PAR and OOMT2 also increased during floral development. Whereas the maximum for OOMT2 was found at the fully unfurled stage (stage 4), similar expression levels of PAR were detected at stage 4 and the senescence stage (stage 6). The results demonstrate a positive correlation between the expression levels of PAR and OOMT2 and the emission of 2PE and DMT. In addition, endogenous volatiles and relative transcripts showed tissue- and development-specific patterns. PMID:25576838

Chen, Xiaomin; Baldermann, Susanne; Cao, Shuyan; Lu, Yao; Liu, Caixia; Hirata, Hiroshi; Watanabe, Naoharu

2015-02-01

391

Characterization and sugar-binding properties of arcelin-1, an insecticidal lectin-like protein isolated from kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. RAZ-2) seeds.  

PubMed Central

Arcelin-1 is a lectin-like protein found in the seeds of wild varieties of the kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). This protein displays insecticidal properties, but the mechanism of action is as yet unknown. In the present study we investigated the biochemical and biophysical properties of arcelin-1 from Phaseolus vulgaris cv. RAZ-2. Native arcelin-1 is a dimeric glycoprotein of 60 kDa, built from the non-covalent association of two identical monomers. This dimer resists dissociation by chaotropic agents and is highly resistant to proteolytic enzymes. Each subunit contains 10% (w/w) neutral sugars which belong to the high-mannose and complex-type glycans attached to three glycosylation sites. No interaction of the protein with simple sugars could be detected, but arcelin-1 displays an intrinsic specificity in binding complex glycans. Arcelin-1 therefore differs from the closely related phytohaemagglutinin lectins and alpha-amylase inhibitor in several respects: oligomerization states, sugar-binding affinities and the type and number of glycan chains. These features may be related to the toxicity of arcelin-1. PMID:9445382

Fabre, C; Causse, H; Mourey, L; Koninkx, J; Rivière, M; Hendriks, H; Puzo, G; Samama, J P; Rougé, P

1998-01-01

392

Effects of modified atmosphere packing and honey dip treatments on quality maintenance of minimally processed grape cv. Razaki (V. vinifera L.) during cold storage.  

PubMed

Increasing pressure in food conservation sector to replace chemical applications has urged researchers to focus on studying new strategies of extending the postharvest life of produces. In such efforts, numerous materials have been tested for their effectiveness as well as suitability in organic consumption. In this study, effects of modified atmosphere packing (MAP) and honey solution dip on maintenance of quality of minimally processed table grape cv. Razaki were investigated. During the storage at 0 °C with relative humidity of 90%, MAP, honey dip, and their combined applications significantly retarded the weight loss of berries that retained about 2 mm of cap stem. Soluble solid contents of all berries slightly increased, while their acid amounts decreased, resulting in consecutive rises of maturity index. With respect to the sensory score, calculated as mean of ten panelists, honey treatment alone was ranked the highest while control berries had significantly lower value. Overall, MAP, honey solution dip or their combination significantly maintained the general quality of minimally processed grape by delaying quality loss and berry decay. Therefore, honey solution dip yielded promising results to use as an edible organic coating barrier to moisture and resist to water vapor diffusion during the cold storage, offering a good adherence to berry surface. PMID:23572752

Sab?r, Ali; Sab?r, Ferhan K; Kara, Zeki

2011-06-01

393

Relationships between harvest time and wine composition in Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet Sauvignon 2. Wine sensory properties and consumer preference.  

PubMed

A series of five Vitis vinifera L. cv Cabernet Sauvignon wines were produced from sequentially-harvested grape parcels, with alcohol concentrations between 12% v/v and 15.5% v/v. A multidisciplinary approach, combining sensory analysis, consumer testing and detailed chemical analysis was used to better define the relationship between grape maturity, wine composition and sensory quality. The sensory attribute ratings for dark fruit, hotness and viscosity increased in wines produced from riper grapes, while the ratings for the attributes red fruit and fresh green decreased. Consumer testing of the wines revealed that the lowest-alcohol wines (12% v/v) were the least preferred and wines with ethanol concentration between 13% v/v and 15.5% v/v were equally liked by consumers. Partial least squares regression identified that many sensory attributes were strongly associated with the compositional data, providing evidence of wine chemical components which are important to wine sensory properties and consumer preferences, and which change as the grapes used for winemaking ripen. PMID:24518320

Bindon, Keren; Holt, Helen; Williamson, Patricia O; Varela, Cristian; Herderich, Markus; Francis, I Leigh

2014-07-01

394

Changes in the phenolic composition of virgin olive oil from young trees (Olea europaea L. cv. Arbequina) grown under linear irrigation strategies.  

PubMed

This study reports the HPLC profiles of phenolic compounds of virgin olive oils obtained from young olive trees (Olea europaea L. cv. Arbequina) and how the application of a linear irrigation strategy affected these. Hydroxytyrosol, tyrosol, vanillic acid, vanillin, 4-(acetoxyethyl)-1,2-dihydroxybenzene, p-coumaric acid, the dialdehydic form of elenolic acid linked to hydroxytyrosol and to tyrosol, lignans, and the oleuropein aglycon were found in all the oils. Hydroxytyrosol, tyrosol, vanillic acid, and p-coumaric acid contents in the oils were unaffected by linear irrigation. The concentration of lignans was lower in the oils from the least irrigated treatment and the concentration of vanillin increased as the amount of irrigation water applied to olive trees increased. However, 4-(acetoxyethyl)-1,2-dihydroxybenzene, the dialdehydic form of elenolic acid linked to hydroxytyrosol and to tyrosol, and the oleuropein aglycon, all of them hydroxyphenyl derivatives, decreased as the level of irrigation water increased. The latter three compounds represented the most considerable part of the phenolic fraction of the oils and they were shown to be correlated to the oxidative stability, the bitter index (K(225)), and the bitter, pungent, and sweet sensory attributes. Linear irrigation strategy changed the profile of the oil phenolic compounds and, therefore, changed both the organoleptic properties and the antioxidant capacity of the product. PMID:11714351

Tovar, M J; Motilva, M J; Romero, M P

2001-11-01

395

Neurite Outgrowth in PC12 Cells Stimulated by Components from Dendranthema × grandiflorum cv. “Mottenohoka” Is Enhanced by Suppressing Phosphorylation of p38MAPK  

PubMed Central

Components from Dendranthema × grandiflorum cv. “Mottenohoka” that promote neurite outgrowth of PC12 cells were identified and the mechanism of neurite outgrowth stimulated by isolated components was studied. Components that promoted the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK 1/2) of PC12 cells were isolated. From various structural analyses, the active components were identified as acacetin and luteolin. The effects of acacetin or luteolin on PC12 cells were evaluated by electro-blotting and immunostaining. Slight neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells was observed within 2 days of culture after stimulation by luteolin or acacetin. However, NGF-stimulation induced remarkable neurite outgrowth in comparison. Neurite outgrowth by luteolin or acacetin was significantly enhanced by pretreatment with SB203580 (a p38MAPK inhibitor). The results of this study into the phosphorylation of ERK 1/2 and p38MAPK by flavonoids suggest that the inhibition of p38MAPK phosphorylation may effectively enhance neurite outgrowth. PMID:23554829

Kimura, Hirokazu; Tsukagoshi, Hiroyuki; Kozawa, Kunihisa; Koketsu, Mamoru; Ninomiya, Masayuki; Furukawa, Shoei

2013-01-01

396

Melatonin levels, determined by LC-ESI-MS/MS, fluctuate during the day/night cycle in Vitis vinifera cv Malbec: evidence of its antioxidant role in fruits.  

PubMed

The identification of melatonin in plants has inspired new investigations to understand its biological function and which endogenous and external factors control its levels in these organisms. Owing to the therapeutical and nutraceutical properties of melatonin, it should be important to develop reliable analytical methods for its quantification in vegetal matrices containing this indoleamine, such as grape and wine. The main objectives of the present study were to test whether melatonin levels fluctuate during the day in berry skins of Vitis vinifera L. cv Malbec, thereby possibly relating its abundance to its putative antioxidant function, to determine whether daylight reaching clusters negatively controls melatonin levels, and to evaluate whether total polyphenols and anthocyanins also change through a 24-hr period. Grapes were harvested throughout the day/night to determine the moment when high levels of these components are present in grapes. The presence of melatonin in grapes was evaluated by high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. It is shown for the first time that melatonin levels fluctuate during the day/night cycle in plants grown under field conditions in a fruit organ of the species Vitis vinifera. We also determined that the diurnal decay of melatonin in berry skins is induced by sunlight, because covered bunches retained higher melatonin levels than exposed ones, thus explaining at least part of the basis of its daily fluctuation. Evidence of melatonin's antioxidant role in grapes is also suggested by monitoring malondialdehyde levels during the day. PMID:21605162

Boccalandro, Hernán E; González, Carina V; Wunderlin, Daniel A; Silva, María F

2011-09-01

397

Field testing, gene flow assessment and pre-commercial studies on transgenic Solanum tuberosum spp. tuberosum (cv. Spunta) selected for PVY resistance in Argentina.  

PubMed

Solanum tuberosum ssp. tuberosum (cv. Spunta) was transformed with a chimeric transgene containing the Potato virus Y (PVY) coat protein (CP) sequence. Screening for PVY resistance under greenhouse conditions yielded over 100 independent candidate lines. Successive field testing of selected lines allowed the identification of two genetically stable PVY-resistant lines, SY230 and SY233, which were further evaluated in field trials at different potato-producing regions in Argentina. In total, more than 2,000 individuals from each line were tested along a 6-year period. While no or negligible PVY infection was observed in the transgenic lines, infection rates of control plants were consistently high and reached levels of up to 70-80%. Parallel field studies were performed in virus-free environments to assess the agronomical performance of the selected lines. Tubers collected from these assays exhibited agronomical traits and biochemical compositions indistinguishable from those of the non-transformed Spunta cultivar. In addition, an interspecific out-crossing trial to determine the magnitude of possible natural gene flow between transgenic line SY233 and its wild relative Solanum chacoense was performed. This trial yielded negative results, suggesting an extremely low probability for such an event to occur. PMID:22200984

Bravo-Almonacid, Fernando; Rudoy, Valeria; Welin, Bjorn; Segretin, María Eugenia; Bedogni, María Cecilia; Stolowicz, Fabiana; Criscuolo, Marcelo; Foti, Marcelo; Gomez, Maximiliano; López, Mariana; Serino, Germán; Cabral, Silvia; Dos Santos, Cristina; Huarte, Marcelo; Mentaberry, Alejandro

2012-10-01

398

Interface and plasma damage analysis of PEALD TaCN deposited on HfO2 for advanced CMOS studied by angle resolved XPS and C-V  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Plasma enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD) TaCN deposited on HfO2 was studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) to understand the reactions taking place at the interface and connect them with C-V electrical characteristics of MOS devices. Moreover, angular resolved XPS (AR-XPS) was used for composition depth profiling of TaCN/HfO2/SiO2/Si stacks. Clear oxidation of the metal electrode through Tasbnd O bonding formation and migration of N in the dielectric with Hfsbnd N are shown. These modifications of chemical bonding give an insight on the electrical results. Low equivalent oxide thicknesses (EOT), as low as 0.89 nm and current leakage improvement by more than 5 decades, are observed for deposition with low plasma power and can be related to HfN content in HfO2 layer. The increase of plasma power used for TaCN deposition results in densification of the layer and promotes the creation of TaC in TaCN material. However H2 plasma has an impact on HfO2 with a reduction and scattering of the measured current leak gain. TaCN/HfO2 interface is also impacted with further creation of TaOx, leading to an increase of EOT when plasma power is increased. Based on these findings, reaction mechanisms with the corresponding Gibbs free energy are proposed.

Piallat, Fabien; Beugin, Virginie; Gassilloud, Remy; Dussault, Laurent; Pelissier, Bernard; Leroux, Charles; Caubet, Pierre; Vallée, Christophe

2014-06-01

399

The photosynthetic and stomatal response of Medicago sativa cv. saranac to free-air CO{sub 2} enrichment (F.A.C.E.) and nitrogen  

SciTech Connect

Plots of Medicago sativa cv. saranac were grown in the field at ambient (355 {mu}mol CO{sub 2} mol{sup -1} air) or elevated (600{mu}mol CO{sub 2} mol{sup -1} air) CO{sub 2} concentrations. High (200kg yr{sup -1}) or low (20kg yr{sup -1}) nitrogen levels were applied to two isogeneic lines, one able and one unable to use nitrogen fixing bacteria. Plants were in the second year of field growth. Exposure to elevated CO{sub 2} was via a Free-Air CO{sub 2} Enrichment System (FACE). Elevated CO{sub 2} increased diurnal assimilation by between 12% and 92%. Analysis of A/C{sub i} responses showed that effective nitrogen fertilisation was more important to rubisCO and RuBP activity than elevated CO{sub 2}. No acclimation was consistently observed. Leaves lower down the canopy were found to have lower Vc{sub max} and J{sub max} values, though age may be the cause of the latter effect. FACE conditions have only a small effect on these responses. There was some evidence found for the down-regulation of photosynthesis in the late afternoon. The FACE conditions had no affect on stomatal density but did increase epidermal cell density.

Bridson, N.P.

1996-08-01

400

Evaluation of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Petit Havana SR1) hairy roots for the production of geraniol, the first committed step in terpenoid indole alkaloid pathway.  

PubMed

The terpenoid indole alkaloids are one of the major classes of plant-derived natural products and are well known for their many applications in the pharmaceutical, fragrance and cosmetics industries. Hairy root cultures are useful for the production of plant secondary metabolites because of their genetic and biochemical stability and their rapid growth in hormone-free media. Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Petit Havana SR1) hairy roots, which do not produce geraniol naturally, were engineered to express a plastid-targeted geraniol synthase gene originally isolated from Valeriana officinalis L. (VoGES). A SPME-GC-MS screening tool was developed for the rapid evaluation of production clones. The GC-MS analysis revealed that the free geraniol content in 20 hairy root clones expressing VoGES was an average of 13.7 ?g/g dry weight (DW) and a maximum of 31.3 ?g/g DW. More detailed metabolic analysis revealed that geraniol derivatives were present in six major glycoside forms, namely the hexose and/or pentose conjugates of geraniol and hydroxygeraniol, resulting in total geraniol levels of up to 204.3 ?g/g DW following deglycosylation. A benchtop-scale process was developed in a 20-L wave-mixed bioreactor eventually yielding hundreds of grams of biomass and milligram quantities of geraniol per cultivation bag. PMID:24530945

Ritala, Anneli; Dong, Lemeng; Imseng, Nicole; Seppänen-Laakso, Tuulikki; Vasilev, Nikolay; van der Krol, Sander; Rischer, Heiko; Maaheimo, Hannu; Virkki, Arho; Brändli, Johanna; Schillberg, Stefan; Eibl, Regine; Bouwmeester, Harro; Oksman-Caldentey, Kirsi-Marja

2014-04-20

401

Promoting Effect of Foliage Sprayed Zinc Sulfate on Accumulation of Sugar and Phenolics in Berries of Vitis vinifera cv. Merlot Growing on Zinc Deficient Soil.  

PubMed

The effect of foliage sprayed zinc sulfate on berry development of Vitis vinifera cv. Merlot growing on arid zone Zn-deficient soils was investigated over two consecutive seasons, 2013 and 2014. Initial zinc concentration in soil and vines, photosynthesis at three berry developmental stages, berry weight, content of total soluble solids, titratable acidity, phenolics and expression of phenolics biosynthetic pathway genes throughout the stages were measured. Foliage sprayed zinc sulfate showed promoting effects on photosynthesis and berry development of vines and the promotion mainly occurred from veraison to maturation. Zn treatments enhanced the accumulation of total soluble solids, total phenols, flavonoids, flavanols, tannins and anthocyanins in berry skin, decreasing the concentration of titratable acidity. Furthermore, foliage sprayed zinc sulfate could significantly influence the expression of phenolics biosynthetic pathway genes throughout berry development, and the results of expression analysis supported the promotion of Zn treatments on phenolics accumulation. This research is the first comprehensive and detailed study about the effect of foliage sprayed Zn fertilizer on grape berry development, phenolics accumulation and gene expression in berry skin, providing a basis for improving the quality of grape and wine in Zn-deficient areas. PMID:25648596

Song, Chang-Zheng; Liu, Mei-Ying; Meng, Jiang-Fei; Chi, Ming; Xi, Zhu-Mei; Zhang, Zhen-Wen

2015-01-01

402

Heat shock transcription factors expression during fruit development and under hot air stress in Ponkan (Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Ponkan) fruit.  

PubMed

Heat shock transcription factors (Hsfs) play a role in plant responses to stress. Citrus is an economically important fruit whose genome has been fully sequenced. So far, no detailed characterization of the Hsf gene family is available for citrus. A genome-wide analysis was carried out in Citrus clementina to identify Hsf genes, named CcHsfs. Eighteen CcHsfs were identified and classified into three main clades (clades A, B and C) according to the structural characteristics and the phylogenetic comparison with Arabidopsis and tomato. MEME motif analysis highlighted the conserved DBD and HR-A/B domains, which were similar to Hsf protein structures in other species. Gene expression analysis in Ponkan (Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Ponkan) fruit identified 14 Hsf genes, named CrHsf, as important candidates for a role in fruit development and ripening, and showed seven genes to be expressed in response to hot air stress. CrHsfB2a and CrHsfB5 were considered to be important regulators of citrate content and showed variation in both developmentally-related and hot air-triggered citrate degradation processes. In summary, the data obtained from this investigation provides the basis for further study to dissect Hsf function during fruit development as well as in response to heat stress and also emphasizes the potential importance of CrHsfs in regulation of citrate metabolism in citrus fruit. PMID:25596345

Lin, Qiong; Jiang, Qing; Lin, Juanying; Wang, Dengliang; Li, Shaojia; Liu, Chunrong; Sun, Chongde; Chen, Kunsong

2015-04-01

403

Complete nucleotide sequences of three dsRNA segments from Raphanus sativus-root cv. Yidianhong [corrected] with leaf yellow edge symptoms.  

PubMed

The two minor dsRNA bands, previously detected in symptomatic leaves of Raphanus sativus-root cv. Yidianhong [corrected] were subjected to further analysis. cDNA cloning and sequencing revealed that the smaller of the two dsRNA bands is actually a doublet consisting of two co-migrating dsRNA segments and the resulting three segments were designated as RasR 3, RasR 4, and RasR 5. RasR 3 was 1717 bp in length and potentially encoded a protein of about 55.3 kDa, containing all of the six conserved motifs shared by the RNA dependent RNA polymerases of members of the family Partitiviridae. RasR 4 and RasR 5, which co-migrated in the 5% polyacrylamide gel, were 1521 and 1485 bp in length and each encoded a putative protein of unknown function. Their molecular masses, as calculated from the deduced amino acid, were 38.2 and 38.8 kDa, respectively. The 5' UTRs of all three segments shared regions of high sequence similarities, but were distinct from those of the RasR 1 and RasR 2. Taken together, these results along with those described in the previous report, suggest that more than one partitivirus was co-infecting radish leaves. PMID:16639633

Chen, L; Chen, J S; Zhang, H; Chen, S N

2006-10-01

404

Complete nucleotide sequences and genome characterization of double-stranded RNA 1 and RNA 2 in the Raphanus sativus-root cv. Yidianhong [corrected].  

PubMed

Four distinct double-stranded (ds) RNA bands were extracted from leaves of Raphanus sativus-root cv. Yidianhong [corrected] with yellowing at the leaf edge in China. Purified viral particles of 28-30 nm in diameter contained dsRNA segments with the same number and mobility as these extracted directly from radish leaves. The two major dsRNA segments, namely RasR 1 and RasR 2, were 1866 and 1791 bp in length, respectively. Computer analysis predicted that they both contained a single open reading frame (ORF) on their plus-stranded RNA, putatively encoding a RNA dependent RNA polymerase and a capsid protein similar to that encoded by members of the family Partitiviridae. In addition, both RasR 1 and RasR 2 were highly conserved at the 5' untranslated regions (UTR) and had an adenosine-uracil rich stretch at the 3' UTR, with an identical terminal motif (5'-AAAAUAAAACC-3'). Taken together, these results suggest that the two major dsRNA segments constitute the genome of a partitivirus infecting radish. PMID:16369860

Chen, L; Chen, J S; Liu, L; Yu, X; Yu, S; Fu, T Z; Liu, W H

2006-05-01

405

Germacrene C synthase from Lycopersicon esculentum cv. VFNT Cherry tomato: cDNA isolation, characterization, and bacterial expression of the multiple product sesquiterpene?cyclase  

PubMed Central

Germacrene C was found by GC-MS and NMR analysis to be the most abundant sesquiterpene in the leaf oil of Lycopersicon esculentum cv. VFNT Cherry, with lesser amounts of germacrene A, guaia-6,9-diene, germacrene B, ?-caryophyllene, ?-humulene, and germacrene D. Soluble enzyme preparations from leaves catalyzed the divalent metal ion-dependent cyclization of [1-3H]farnesyl diphosphate to these same sesquiterpene olefins, as determined by radio-GC. To obtain a germacrene synthase cDNA, a set of degenerate primers was constructed based on conserved amino acid sequences of related terpenoid cyclases. With cDNA prepared from leaf epidermis-enriched mRNA, these primers amplified a 767-bp fragment that was used as a hybridization probe to screen the cDNA library. Thirty-one clones were evaluated for functional expression of terpenoid cyclase activity in Escherichia coli by using labeled geranyl, farnesyl, and geranylgeranyl diphosphates as substrates. Nine cDNA isolates expressed sesquiterpene synthase activity, and GC-MS analysis of the products identified germacrene C with smaller amounts of germacrene A, B, and D. None of the expressed proteins was active with geranylgeranyl diphosphate; however, one truncated protein converted geranyl diphosphate to the monoterpene limonene. The cDNA inserts specify a deduced polypeptide of 548 amino acids (Mr = 64,114), and sequence comparison with other plant sesquiterpene cyclases indicates that germacrene C synthase most closely resembles cotton ?-cadinene synthase (50% identity). PMID:9482865

Colby, Sheila M.; Crock, John; Dowdle-Rizzo, Barbara; Lemaux, Peggy G.; Croteau, Rodney

1998-01-01

406

Characterization, Purification of Poncirin from Edible Citrus Ougan (Citrus reticulate cv. Suavissima) and Its Growth Inhibitory Effect on Human Gastric Cancer Cells SGC-7901  

PubMed Central

Poncirin is a bitter flavanone glycoside with various biological activities. Poncirin was isolated from four different tissues (flavedo, albedo, segment membrane, and juice sac) of Ougan fruit (Citrus reticulate cv. Suavissima). The highest content of poncirin was found in the albedo of Ougan fruit (1.37 mg/g DW). High speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) combined with D101 resin chromatography was utilized for the separation and purification of poncirin from the albedo of Ougan fruit. After this two-step purification, poncirin purity increased from 0.14% to 96.56%. The chemical structure of the purified poncirin was identified by both HPLC-PDA and LC-MS. Poncirin showed a significant in vitro inhibitory effect on the growth of the human gastric cancer cells, SGC-7901, in a dose-dependent manner. Thus, poncirin from Ougan fruit, may be beneficial for gastric cancer prevention. The purification method demonstrated here will be useful for further studies on the pharmacological mechanism of poncirin activity, as well as for guiding the consumption of Ougan fruit. PMID:23615464

Zhu, Xiaoyan; Luo, Fenglei; Zheng, Yixiong; Zhang, Jiukai; Huang, Jianzhen; Sun, Chongde; Li, Xian; Chen, Kunsong

2013-01-01

407

Effect of a low dose of aluminum on mitotic and meiotic activity, 4C DNA content, and pollen sterility in rice, Oryza sativa L. cv. Lalat.  

PubMed

Aluminum toxicity in acidic soils poses a major threat to plant growth and development. The effects of a low dose of aluminum (50 microM, AlCl3) on various cytological parameters, including mitotic and meiotic chromosomal divisions, in situ nuclear DNA content, interphase nuclear volume (INV), and pollen fertility were compared in untreated (controls) and treated rice plants (Oryza sativa cv. Lalat). The results showed varied chromosomal abnormalities, including chromosome stickiness, laggards, sticky bridge, occurrence of micronuclei, as well as binucleate and multinucleated cells, as a result of aluminum treatment. Aluminum toxicity also inhibited to a small extent the growth of the rice cultivar Lalat. The mitotic and meiotic indexes, even after a prolonged period of recovery, were significantly low. The chromosomal anomalies in the meiotic cells persisted, and plants exhibited a high percentage of pollen sterility (approximately 64%). The nuclear DNA content declined markedly from 11.85 pg in the control to 6.30 pg in the treated plants. The INV also varied significantly between the untreated (controls) and the treated plants. The occurrences of different types of chromosomal aberrations, reduction in the amount of nuclear DNA, and persistence of the phytotoxic effects at the post-treatment stage suggest carcinogenic effects of aluminum on rice plants. The presence of aluminum in acidic soils might thus be extremely hazardous and might cause permanent cytotoxic disorder in rice plants. PMID:15261725

Mohanty, Suprava; Das, Anath Bandhu; Das, Premananda; Mohanty, Prasanna

2004-09-01

408

Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of leaf base derived callus tissues of popular indica rice (Oryza sativa L. sub sp. indica cv. ADT 43).  

PubMed

A simple and efficient protocol for the Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of an agronomically useful abiotic sensitive popular indica rice cv. ADT 43 has been developed. Initiation of calli were best achieved from the leaf bases of 4 days old rice seedlings on LS medium supplemented with 2.5mg/L 2,4-D and 1.0mg/L thiamine-HCl. Rice calli immersed in Agrobacterium suspension (strain EHA 105, OD(600)=0.8) were co-cultured on LS30-AsPC medium for 2 days at 25±2°C in the dark. Based on GUS expression analysis, 10min co-cultivation time with 100?M acetosyringone was found optimum for the delivery of gus gene. Calli were proved to be very sensitive to Agrobacterium infection and we found that the level of necrotic response can be minimized after co-cultivation with 30% LS, 10g/L PVP, 10% coconut water and 250mg/L timentin which improved the final transformation efficiency to 9.33%. Molecular and genetic analysis of transgenic plants reveals the integration, expression and inheritance of transgene in the progeny (T(1)) of these plants. The copy number of transgenes has been found to vary from 1 to 2 in transgenic plants (T(0) and T(1)). PMID:21763536

Karthikeyan, Alagarsamy; Pandian, Shunmugiah Karutha; Ramesh, Manikandan

2011-09-01

409

Molecular cloning and partial characterization of a peroxidase gene expressed in the roots of Portulaca oleracea cv., one potentially useful in the remediation of phenolic pollutants.  

PubMed

Portulaca (Portulaca oleracea cv.) efficiently removes phenolic pollutants from hydroponic solution. In plant roots, peroxidase (PRX) is thought to be involved in the removal of phenolic pollutants by the cross-linking them to cell wall polysaccharides or proteins at the expense of reduction of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)). In this study, we found that portulaca roots secreted an acidic PRX isozyme that had relatively high H(2)O(2) affinity. We isolated five PRX genes, and the recombinant PRX proteins produced in cultured tobacco cells were partially characterized. Among these genes, PoPRX2 probably encoded the acidic PRX isozyme. PoPRX2 had an extra N-terminal region which has not been reported for other PRX proteins. We found that PoPRX2 oxidized phenolic pollutants, including bisphenol A, octylphenol, nonylphenol, and 17?-estradiol. In addition, we found that the Cys261 residue of PoPRX2 played an important role in the determination of affinity for H(2)O(2) and stability toward H(2)O(2). PMID:21597193

Matsui, Takeshi; Nomura, Yuki; Takano, Mai; Imai, Sofue; Nakayama, Hideki; Miyasaka, Hitoshi; Okuhata, Hiroshi; Tanaka, Satoshi; Matsuura, Hideyuki; Harada, Kazuo; Bamba, Takeshi; Hirata, Kazumasa; Kato, Ko

2011-01-01

410

PG-2, a Potent AMP against Pathogenic Microbial Strains, from Potato (Solanum tuberosum L cv. Gogu Valley) Tubers Not Cytotoxic against Human Cells  

PubMed Central

In an earlier study, we isolated potamin-1 (PT-1), a 5.6-kDa trypsin-chymotrypsin protease inhibitor, from the tubers of a potato strain (Solanum tuberosum L cv. Gogu Valley). We established that PT-1 strongly inhibits pathogenic microbial strains, but not human bacterial strains, and that its sequence shows 62% homology with a serine protease inhibitor. In the present study, we isolated an antifungal and antibacterial peptide with no cytotoxicity from tubers of the same potato strain. The peptide (peptide-G2, PG-2) was isolated using salt-extraction, ultrafiltration and reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/MS) showed the protein to have a molecular mass of 3228.5 Da, while automated Edman degradation showed the N-terminal sequence of PG-2 to be LVKDNPLDISPKQVQALCTDLVIRCMCCC-. PG-2 exhibited antimicrobial activity against Candida albicans, a human pathogenic yeast strain, and Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, a plant late blight strain. PG-2 also showed antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, but did not lyse human red blood cells and was thermostable. Overall, these results suggest PG-2 may be a good candidate to serve as a natural antimicrobial agent, agricultural pesticide and/or food additive. PMID:23429275

Kim, Jin-Young; Gopal, Ramamourthy; Kim, Sang Young; Seo, Chang Ho; Lee, Hyang Burm; Cheong, Hyeonsook; Park, Yoonkyung

2013-01-01

411

Characterization of Growth, Water Relations, and Proline Accumulation in Sodium Sulfate Tolerant Callus of Brassica napus L. cv Westar (Canola) 1  

PubMed Central

Unselected and sodium sulfate tolerant callus cultures of Brassica napus L. cv Westar were grown on media supplemented with mannitol, NaCl, or Na2SO4. In all cases, growth of tolerant callus, measured on a fresh weight or dry weight basis, was greater than that of unselected callus, which was also subject to necrosis on high levels of salt. Tissue water potential became more negative in both unselected and tolerant callus grown in the presence of mannitol or Na2SO4. Water potentials in unselected callus were more negative than those of the tolerant tissues; but over a range of Na2SO4 concentrations both cultures displayed osmotic adjustment, maintaining relatively constant turgor. Proline accumulation in both unselected and tolerant callus was low (15 to 20 micromoles per gram dry weight) in the absence of stress, but increased on media supplemented with mannitol, NaCl, or Na2SO4. Increases in proline concentration were approximately linear in tolerant callus, reaching a maximum of 130 to 175 micromoles per gram dry weight. In unselected callus, concentrations were higher, reaching 390 to 520 micromoles per gram dry weight. Proline accumulation was correlated with inhibition of growth, and there was a negative correlation between proline concentration and culture age for tolerant callus. PMID:16665381

Chandler, Stephen F.; Thorpe, Trevor A.

1987-01-01

412

The sequence of change within the photosynthetic apparatus of wheat following short-term exposure to ozone. [Triticum aestivum L. cv Avalon  

SciTech Connect

The basis of inhibition of photosynthesis by single acute O{sub 3} exposures was investigated in vivo using analyses based on leaf gas exchange measurements. The fully expanded second leaves of wheat plants (Triticum aestivum L. cv Avalon) were fumigated with either 200 or 400 nanomoles per mole O{sub 3} for between 4 and 16 hours. This reduced significantly the light-saturated rate of Co{sub 2} uptake and was accompanied by a parallel decrease in stomatal conductance. However, the stomatal limitation only increased significantly during the first 8 hours of exposure to 400 nanomoles per mole O{sub 3}; no significant increase occurred for any of the other treatments. Analysis of the response of CO{sub 2} uptake to the internal Co{sub 2} concentration implied that the predominant factor responsible for the reduction in light-saturated CO{sub 2} uptake was a decrease in the efficiency of carboxylation. At saturating concentrations of Co{sub 2}, photosynthesis was inhibited by no more than 22% after 16 hours, indicating that the capacity for regeneration of ribulose bisphosphate was less susceptible to O{sub 3}. Ozone fumigations also had a less pronounced effect on light-limited photosynthesis. The photochemical efficiency of photosystem II estimated from the ratio of variable to maximum chlorophyll fluorescence and the atrazine-binding capacity of isolated thylakoids demonstrated that photochemical reactions were not responsible for the initial inhibition of CO{sub 2} uptake.

Farage, P.K.; Long, S.P.; Baker, N.R. (Univ. of Essex (England)); Lechner, E.G. (Univ. of Vienna (Austria))

1991-02-01

413

Effect of boiling time on chemical composition and physico-functional properties of flours from taro (Colocasia esculenta cv fouê) corm grown in Côte d'Ivoire.  

PubMed

Taro (Colocasia esculenta cv fouê) corm was subjected to different boiling times and the changes in chemical composition and physico-functional properties were investigated using standard method. The change in boiling time led to a significant (P?

Amon, Anon Simplice; Soro, René Yadé; Assemand, Emma Fernande; Dué, Edmond Ahipo; Kouamé, Lucien Patrice

2014-05-01

414

Influence of Seismic Stress on Photosynthetic Productivity, Gas Exchange, and Leaf Diffusive Resistance of Glycine max (L.) Merrill cv Wells II 1  

PubMed Central

Relative growth rate (RGR), leaf water potential (?w), transpiration rate (Tr), photosynthetic rate (Pn), and stomatal and mesophyll resistances to CO2 exchange were measured or calculated to determine how periodic seismic (shaking) stress decreased dry weight accumulation by soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merrill cv Wells II). Seismic stress was applied with a gyratory shaker at 240 to 280 revolutions per minute for 5 minutes three times daily at 0930, 1430, and 1930 hours. Fifteen days of treatment decreased stem length 21%, leaf area 17%, and plant dry weight 18% relative to undisturbed plants. Seismic stress also decreased RGR 4%, which was due entirely to decreased net assimilation rate. Transpiration decreased 17% and leaf ?w increased 39% 30 minutes after treatment. A reduction in Pn began within seconds after the onset of treatment and had declined 16% after 20 minutes, at which time gradual recovery began. Assimilation rate recovered fully before the next seismic treatment 5 hours later. Resistance analysis and calculation of leaf internal CO2 levels indicated that the transitory decrease in Pn caused by periodic seismic stress was due to increased stomatal resistance on the abaxial leaf surface. Images Fig. 1 PMID:11540834

Pappas, Thalia; Mitchell, Cary A.

1985-01-01

415

Doutorados, para qu ? Paulo J. Ferreira  

E-print Network

1 Doutorados, para quê ? Paulo J. Ferreira Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Department of Materials Science and Engineering Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA, ferreira@mit.edu Um engenheiro recém

Ferreira, Paulo J.

416

Esta Preparado? Gua para los Tejanos en  

E-print Network

pilas con pilas adicionales para durar varios días ___ Linternas de pilas con pilas adicionales ___ Agua huracanes, aún así pueden causar la muerte debido a lluvias torrenciales, inundaciones, y tornados que los

417

Consejos para pacientes que reciben radioterapia  

Cancer.gov

Serie de nueve (9) hojas sobre los efectos secundarios de la radioterapia. Cada hoja contiene recomendaciones y sugerencias prácticas para ayudarle a controlar los efectos secundarios durante la radioterapia, y a que se sienta mejor durante el tratamiento.

418

Proyecto para desarrollar un 'Teatro Popular Identificador'.  

E-print Network

se encargue de ellos en los infiernos. . . . RAÍCES PARA UN TEATRO NACIONAL POPULAR. La diversidad de elementos teatrales existentes en las farsas carnavalescas de la Costa Atlántica y otras regiones del país —Blancos y Negros en Pasto y Tumaco...

Zapata Olivella, Manuel

1975-10-01

419

Consejos para pacientes que reciben quimioterapia  

Cancer.gov

Serie de dieciocho (18) hojas sobre los efectos secundarios de la quimioterapia. Cada hoja contiene recomendaciones y sugerencias prácticas para ayudarle a controlar los efectos secundarios durante la quimioterapia, y a que se sienta mejor durante el tratamiento.

420

DOCUMENTAO PARA INGRESSO POR TRANSFERNCIA EXTERNA  

E-print Network

1 DOCUMENTA��O PARA INGRESSO POR TRANSFER�NCIA EXTERNA (BRASIL) PERÍODO 2013.2 PRAZO PARA REQUERER a convalidação dos estudos concedida pela Secretaria Estadual de Educação, no Brasil. Se o Ensino Médio foi; - Certificado de Dispensa de Incorporação; - CPF; 4 - Originais (assinados e carimbados) dos seguintes

421

DOCUMENTAO PARA INGRESSO POR TRANSFERNCIA EXTERNA  

E-print Network

1 DOCUMENTA��O PARA INGRESSO POR TRANSFER�NCIA EXTERNA (BRASIL) PERÍODO 2014.1 PRAZO PARA REQUERER deverá entregar a convalidação dos estudos concedida pela Secretaria Estadual de Educação, no Brasil. Se aceita) - Título de Eleitor; - Certificado de Dispensa de Incorporação; - CPF; 4 - Originais (assinados e

422

EDITAL COMPLETO PARA INGRESSO POR TRANSFERNCIA EXTERNA  

E-print Network

1 EDITAL COMPLETO PARA INGRESSO POR TRANSFER�NCIA EXTERNA (BRASIL) PERÍODO 2014.1 PRAZO PARA deverá entregar a convalidação dos estudos concedida pela Secretaria Estadual de Educação, no Brasil. Se aceita) - Título de Eleitor; #12;2 - Certificado de Dispensa de Incorporação; - CPF; 4 - Originais

423

NORMAS GERAIS PARA INGRESSO POR TRANSFERNCIA EXTERNA  

E-print Network

1 NORMAS GERAIS PARA INGRESSO POR TRANSFER�NCIA EXTERNA (BRASIL) PERÍODO 2013.1 PRAZO PARA REQUERER deverá entregar a convalidação dos estudos concedida pela Secretaria Estadual de Educação, no Brasil. Se aceita) - Título de Eleitor; - Certificado de Dispensa de Incorporação; - CPF; #12;2 4 - Originais

424

NORMAS GERAIS PARA INGRESSO POR TRANSFERNCIA EXTERNA  

E-print Network

1 NORMAS GERAIS PARA INGRESSO POR TRANSFER�NCIA EXTERNA (BRASIL) PERÍODO 2013.2 PRAZO PARA REQUERER deverá entregar a convalidação dos estudos concedida pela Secretaria Estadual de Educação, no Brasil. Se aceita) - Título de Eleitor; - Certificado de Dispensa de Incorporação; - CPF; #12;2 4 - Originais

425

Software Libre para ensear o aprender Matemtica  

E-print Network

Software Libre para enseñar o aprender Matemática Porqué y Cómo Pablo De Nápoli pdenapo@dm.uba.ar #12;Introducción · En esta charla, presentaremos algunos de los pogramas que son software libre, que ventajas de utilizar software libre para la docencia y la investigación en matemática. #12;¿Por qué

De Nápoli, Pablo Luis

426

Teorema de Linearizacao para Fluxo Fuzzy  

Microsoft Academic Search

O objetivo deste trabalhoe estudar os sis- temas dinamicos fuzzy associados a sistemas de- termin´õsticos autonomos. O Princ´õpio de Ex- tensao de Zadehe utilizado para se obter o fluxo fuzzy de tais sistemas. ´ E apresentado um teorema de linearizacao fuzzy, como uma gen- eralizacao do Teorema de Grobman-Hartman, para a caracterizacao da estabilidade local dos equil´õbrios dos sistemas fuzzy

Marina T. Mizukoshi; Laecio C. Barros; Rodney C. Bassanezi

427

Tecnologa para todos Sistema Inalmbrico de Rice  

E-print Network

Tecnología para todos Sistema Inalámbrico de Rice Andrea Trevino Rice University http://www.techforall.org/tfa_wireless.html http://tfa.rice.edu #12;Por qué en Pecan Park? La Misión de TFA: Proporcionar conocimientos a la comunidad. El propósito de Rice: Usar este programa para explorar la siguiente generación del sistema

428

Electrocatalytic activities of gold-5-amino-2-mercaptobenzimidazole-M n+ self-assembled monolayer complexes (M n+ : Ag +, Cu 2+) for hydroquinone oxidation investigated by CV and EIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electrocatalytic activity of a new catalyst toward the oxidation reaction of hydroquinone as a model compound is described. The catalyst was formed by immobilizing metal cations on the topside of a gold-5-amino-2-mercaptobenzimidazole, self-assembled monolayer (Au-5A2MBI-Mn+ SAM, Mn+: Cu2+, Ag+) electrode. Preparation steps and the electrocatalytic activity of the catalyst were studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS).

Reza Karimi Shervedani; Fatemeh Yaghoobi; Abdolhamid Hatefi-Mehrjardi; Saied Mohsen Siadat-Barzoki

2008-01-01

429

EFFECTS OF SINGLE, DUAL AND TRIPLE INOCULATIONS WITH BACILLUS SUBTILIS, BACILLUS MEGATERIUM AND RHIZOBIUM LEGUMINOSARUM BV. PHASEOLI ON NODULATION, NUTRIENT UPTAKE, YIELD AND YIELD PARAMETERS OF COMMON BEAN (PHASEOLUS VULGARIS L. CV. ‘ELKOCA-05’)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted in order to investigate the effects of single, dual, and triple inoculations with Rhizobium, N2-fixing Bacillus subtilis (OSU-142), and P-solubilizing Bacillus megaterium (M-3) on nodulation, plant growth, nutrient uptake and seed yield of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. ‘Elkoca-05’) in comparison to control and mineral fertilizer application under field conditions in 2006 and 2007 in

Erdal Elkoca; Metin Turan; M. Figen Donmez

2010-01-01

430

Salicylic Acid Alleviates the Adverse Effects of Salt Stress in Torreya grandis cv. Merrillii Seedlings by Activating Photosynthesis and Enhancing Antioxidant Systems  

PubMed Central

Background Salt stress is a major factor limiting plant growth and productivity. Salicylic acid (SA) has been shown to ameliorate the adverse effects of environmental stress on plants. To investigate the protective role of SA in ameliorating salt stress on Torreya grandis (T. grandis) trees, a pot experiment was conducted to analyze the biomass, relative water content (RWC), chlorophyll content, net photosynthesis (Pn), gas exchange parameters, relative leakage conductivity (REC), malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POD) of T. grandis under 0.2% and 0.4% NaCl conditions with and without SA. Methodology/Principal Findings The exposure of T. grandis seedlings to salt conditions resulted in reduced growth rates, which were associated with decreases in RWC and Pn and increases in REC and MDA content. The foliar application of SA effectively increased the chlorophyll (chl (a+b)) content, RWC, net CO2 assimilation rates (Pn), and proline content, enhanced the activities of SOD, CAT and POD, and minimized the increases in the REC and MDA content. These changes increased the capacity of T. grandis in acclimating to salt stress and thus increased the shoot and root dry matter. However, when the plants were under 0% and 0.2% NaCl stress, the dry mass of the shoots and roots did not differ significantly between SA-treated plants and control plants. Conclusions SA induced the salt tolerance and increased the biomass of T. grandis cv. by enhancing the chlorophyll content and activity of antioxidative enzymes, activating the photosynthetic process, and alleviating membrane injury. A better understanding about the effect of salt stress in T. grandis is vital, in order gain knowledge over expanding the plantations to various regions and also for the recovery of T. grandis species in the future. PMID:25302987

Du, Xuhua; Tang, Hui; Shen, Chaohua; Wu, Jiasheng

2014-01-01

431

Changes in pectin methyl esterase activity with different packaging materials and stages of fruit harvesting during cold storage of pear cv. Punjab beauty.  

PubMed

Pear cv. Punjab Beauty has become quite popular in Punjab. Excessive softening during cold storage leading to low shelf life is the major factor limiting its wider adoption. Studies were, therefore, conducted to determine the firmness and pectin methyl esterase (PME) activity at 4 harvest dates (2nd, 3rd and 4th week of July, and 1st week of August). Various packaging materials i.e. corrugated fiber board boxes and crates with high and low density polyethylene liners, corrugated fiber board boxes, crates and wooden boxes were also evaluated for their role in extending the shelf life of fruits. The enzyme activity and fruit firmness was evaluated periodically after 30, 45, 60 and 75 days of storage at 0-1 °C and 90-95 % RH. The firmness of the fruits decreased with the increase in storage intervals but the enzyme activity increased with the storage period up to 60 days and declined thereafter. Ripening-related changes in all the harvests were characterized mainly by an increase in the solubilization of pectin with a concomitant decrease in the degree of firmness. There was a continuous increase in enzyme activity with the advancement in harvesting dates and then fell sharply in the advanced ripening stages. Highest pectin methyl esterase activity was in fruits packed in crates followed by wooden boxes and corrugated fiber board boxes while the lowest was recorded in fruits packed in corrugated fiber board boxes with high density polyethylene liners. Therefore, high density polyethylene lined CFB boxes proved to be most effective in preventing the loss in firmness. PMID:25328240

Kaur, Kirandeep; Dhillon, W S; Mahajan, B V C

2014-10-01

432

Curdlan ?-1,3-Glucooligosaccharides Induce the Defense Responses against Phytophthora infestans Infection of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. McCain G1) Leaf Cells  

PubMed Central

Activation of the innate immune system before the invasion of pathogens is a promising way to improve the resistance of plant against infection while reducing the use of agricultural chemicals. Although several elicitors were used to induce the resistance of potato plant to microbial pathogen infection, the role of curdlan oligosaccharide (CurdO) has not been established. In the current study, the defense responses were investigated at biochemical and proteomic levels to elucidate the elicitation effect of CurdOs in foliar tissues of potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. McCain G1). The results indicate that the CurdOs exhibit activation effect on the early- and late-defense responses in potato leaves. In addition, glucopentaose was proved to be the shortest active curdlan molecule based on the accumulation of H2O2 and salicylic acid and the activities of phenylalanine amino-lyase, ?-1,3-glucanase and chitinase. The 2D-PAGE analysis reveals that CurdOs activate the integrated response reactions in potato cells, as a number of proteins with various functions are up-regulated including disease/defense, metabolism, transcription, and cell structure. The pathogenesis assay shows that the ratio of lesion area of potato leaf decreased from 15.82%±5.44% to 7.79%±3.03% when the plants were treated with CurdOs 1 day before the infection of Phytophthora infestans. Furthermore, the results on potato yield and induction reactions indicate that the defense responses induced by CurdOs lasted for short period of time but disappeared gradually. PMID:24816730

Li, Jing; Zhu, Li; Lu, Guangxing; Zhan, Xiao-Bei; Lin, Chi-Chung; Zheng, Zhi-Yong

2014-01-01

433

QTL analysis for grain quality traits in 2 BC2F2 populations derived from crosses between Oryza sativa cv Swarna and 2 accessions of O. nivara.  

PubMed

The appearance and cooking quality of rice determine its acceptability and price to a large extent. Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for 12 grain quality traits were mapped in 2 mapping populations derived from Oryza sativa cv Swarna × O. nivara. The BC(2)F(2) population of the cross Swarna × O. nivara IRGC81848 (population 1) was evaluated during 2005 and that from Swarna × O. nivara IRGC81832 (population 2) was evaluated during 2006. Linkage maps were constructed using 100 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers in population 1 and 75 SSR markers in population 2. In all, 21 QTLs were identified in population 1 (43% from O. nivara) and 37 in population 2 (38% QTLs from O. nivara). The location of O. nivara-derived QTLs mp1.2 for milling percent, kw6.1 for kernel width, and klac12.1 for kernel length after cooking coincided in the 2 populations and appear to be useful for Marker Assisted Selection (MAS). Four QTLs for milling percent, 1 QTL each for amylose content, water uptake, elongation ratio, 2 QTLs for kernel width, and 3 QTLs for gel consistency, each explained more than 20% phenotypic variance. Three QTL clusters for grain quality traits were close to the genes/QTLs for shattering and seed dormancy. QTLs for 4 quality traits were associated with 5 of the 7 major yield QTLs reported in the same 2 mapping populations. Useful introgression lines have been developed for several agronomic traits. It emerges that 40% O. nivara alleles were trait enhancing in both populations, and QTLs for grain quality overlapped with yield meta-QTLs and QTLs for dormancy and seed shattering. PMID:22312119

Swamy, B P Mallikarjuna; Kaladhar, K; Shobha Rani, N; Prasad, G S V; Viraktamath, B C; Reddy, G Ashok; Sarla, N

2012-01-01

434

Increase in growth, productivity and nutritional status of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. WH-711) and enrichment in soil fertility applied with organic matrix entrapped urea.  

PubMed

Field experiments were conducted during two consequent years in semi-arid, subtropical climate of Rohtak district situated in North-West Indian state Haryana to evaluate the effects of eco-friendly organic matrix entrapped urea (OMEU) on wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. WH-711). The OMEU prepared in granular form contained cow dung, rice bran (grain cover of Oryza sativa), neem (Azadirachta indica) leaves and clay soil (diameter of particles < 0.002 mm) in 1:1:1:1 ratios and saresh (plant gum of Acacia sp.) as binder entrapping half of the recommended dose of urea. A basal application of organic matrix entrapped urea showed increase in plant growth in terms of fresh and dry weights, root length, root number, leaf number, tillers, plant height earlet number, earlet length and productivity in terms of grain yield and straw yield over free form of urea (FU) and no fertilizer (NF) application. The OMEU increased total soluble proteins, organic N and free ammonium content in the leaves at 45 and 60 days. The nutritional status of wheat grains in OMEU applied plants was almost similar to that observed for FU applied plants. An increase in organic carbon and available phosphorus (P) was observed in OMEU applied plots on harvest whereas pH was slightly decreased over FU applied plots. The microbial population and activity in terms of fungal and bacterial colony count and activities soil dehydrogenase and alkaline phosphatase were significantly higher in OMEU applied plots as compared to the FU applied plots. Our data indicate that OMEU which are low cost, biodegradable and non-toxic can be used to replace the expensive chemical fertilizers for wheat cultivation in semi-arid, subtropical climate. PMID:24006800

Kumar, Manoj; Bauddh, Kuldeep; Kumar, Sanjeev; Sainger, Manish; Sainger, Poonam A; Singh, Rana P

2013-01-01

435

A Novel Late Embryogenesis Abundant Like Protein Associated with Chilling Stress in Nicotiana tabacum cv. Bright Yellow-2 Cell Suspension Culture*  

PubMed Central

Low temperature is one of the major abiotic stresses limiting the productivity and geographical distribution of many important crops. To identify proteins associated with chilling stress in Nicotiana tabacum cv. bright yellow-2 (BY-2) cell suspension culture, we utilized a proteomic approach with two-dimensional electrophoresis to compare proteins from samples of treated with or without chilling treatment at 4 °C. One protein specifically more abundant in chilling treated sample was identified and designated as NtLEA7-3. Rapid amplification of cDNA ends gave rise to a full-length NtLEA7-3 cDNA with a complete open reading frame of 1267 bp, encoding a 322 amino acid polypeptide. Homology search and sequence multi-alignment demonstrated that the deduced NtLEA7-3 protein sequence shared a high identity with LEA-like proteins from other plants. Subcellular localization analysis indicated that the NtLEA7-3 was localized exclusively in the nucleus. When the gene was overexpressed in bright yellow-2 cells, the transgenic bright yellow-2 cells show more resistant to chilling stress than the wild-type cells. In addition, transgenic Arabidopsis plants overexpressing the NtLEA7-3 are much more resistant to cold, drought, and salt stresses. Interestingly, the expression of NtLEA7-3 in tobacco was not tissue-specific and induced by chilling, drought and salt stresses. All of these, taken together, suggest that NtLEA7-3 is worthwhile to elucidate the contribution of the proteins to the tolerance mechanism to chilling stress, and can be considered as a potential target for crop genetic improvement in the future. PMID:21653253

Gai, Ying-Ping; Ji, Xian-Ling; Lu, Wei; Han, Xue-Juan; Yang, Guo-Dong; Zheng, Cheng-Chao

2011-01-01

436

Effect of chitosan on tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) accumulation, hydrolase activity, and morphological abnormalities of the viral particles in leaves of N. tabacum L. cv. Samsun.  

PubMed

The effect of chitosan on the development of infection caused by Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) in leaves of Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Samsun has been studied. It was shown that the infectivity and viral coat protein content in leaves inoculated with a mixture of TMV (2 ?g/mL) and chitosan (1 mg/mL) were lower in the early period of infection (3 days after inoculation), by 63% and 66% respectively, than in leaves inoculated with TMV only. Treatment of leaves with chitosan 24 h before inoculation with TMV also caused the antiviral effects, but these were less apparent than when the virus and polysaccharide were applied simultaneously. The inhibitory effects of the agent decreased as the infection progressed. Inoculation of leaves with TMV together with chitosan considerably enhanced the activity of hydrolases (proteases, RNases) in the leaves, in comparison with leaves inoculated with TMV alone. Electron microscope assays of phosphotungstic acid (PTA)-stained suspensions from infected tobacco leaves showed that, in addition to the normal TMV particles (18 nm in diameter, 300 nm long), these suspensions contained abnormal (swollen, "thin" and "short") virions. The highest number of abnormal virions was found in suspensions from leaves inoculated with a mixture of TMV and chitosan. Immuno-electron microscopy showed that "thin" virus particles, in contrast to the particles of normal diameter, lost the ability to bind to specific antiserum. It seems that the chitosan-induced activation of hydrolases stimulates the intracellular degradation of TMV particles and hence hydrolase activation may be considered to be one of the polysaccharide-mediated cellular defense mechanisms that limit virus accumulation in cells. PMID:25116808

Nagorskaya, Vera; Reunov, Anatoliy; Lapshina, Larisa; Davydova, Viktoriya; Yermak, Irina

2014-08-01

437

Extracellular compounds produced by fungi associated with botryosphaeria dieback induce differential defence gene expression patterns and necrosis in Vitis vinifera cv. Chardonnay cells.  

PubMed

Three major grapevine trunk diseases, esca, botryosphaeria dieback and eutypa dieback, pose important economic problems for vineyards worldwide, and currently, no efficient treatment is available to control these diseases. The different fungi associated with grapevine trunk diseases can be isolated in the necrotic wood, but not in the symptomatic leaves. Other factors seem to be responsible for the foliar symptoms and may represent the link between wood and foliar symptoms. One hypothesis is that the extracellular compounds produced by the fungi associated with grapevine trunk diseases are responsible for pathogenicity.In the present work, we used Vitis vinifera cv. Chardonnay cells to test the aggressiveness of total extracellular compounds produced by Diplodia seriata and Neofusicoccum parvum, two causal agents associated with botryosphaeria dieback. Additionally, the toxicity of purified mellein, a characteristic toxin present in the extracellular compounds of Botryosphaeriaceae, was assessed.Our results show that the total extracellular compounds produced by N. parvum induce more necrosis on Chardonnay calli and induce a different defence gene expression pattern than those of D. seriata. Mellein was produced by both fungi in amounts proportional to its aggressiveness. However, when purified mellein was added to the culture medium of calli, only a delayed necrosis and a lower-level expression of defence genes were observed. Extracellular compounds seem to be involved in the pathogenicity of the fungi associated with botryosphaeria dieback. However, the doses of mellein used in this study are 100 times higher than those found in the liquid fungal cultures: therefore, the possible function of this toxin is discussed. PMID:24752796

Ramírez-Suero, M; Bénard-Gellon, M; Chong, J; Laloue, H; Stempien, E; Abou-Mansour, E; Fontaine, F; Larignon, P; Mazet-Kieffer, F; Farine, S; Bertsch, C

2014-11-01

438

The ParaScope parallel programming environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ParaScope parallel programming environment, developed to support scientific programming of shared-memory multiprocessors, includes a collection of tools that use global program analysis to help users develop and debug parallel programs. This paper focuses on ParaScope's compilation system, its parallel program editor, and its parallel debugging system. The compilation system extends the traditional single-procedure compiler by providing a mechanism for managing the compilation of complete programs. Thus, ParaScope can support both traditional single-procedure optimization and optimization across procedure boundaries. The ParaScope editor brings both compiler analysis and user expertise to bear on program parallelization. It assists the knowledgeable user by displaying and managing analysis and by providing a variety of interactive program transformations that are effective in exposing parallelism. The debugging system detects and reports timing-dependent errors, called data races, in execution of parallel programs. The system combines static analysis, program instrumentation, and run-time reporting to provide a mechanical system for isolating errors in parallel program executions. Finally, we describe a new project to extend ParaScope to support programming in FORTRAN D, a machine-independent parallel programming language intended for use with both distributed-memory and shared-memory parallel computers.

Cooper, Keith D.; Hall, Mary W.; Hood, Robert T.; Kennedy, Ken; Mckinley, Kathryn S.; Mellor-Crummey, John M.; Torczon, Linda; Warren, Scott K.

1993-01-01

439

CV MATTEO VIALE INFORMAZIONI ANAGRAFICHE  

E-print Network

-Denis Diderot, Novembre 2005 - Gennaio 2007 Dottorando presso l'Universit`a Paris 7-Denis Diderot. TITOLI E DIPLOMI Dottorato in Logica Matematica Universit`a Paris 7-Denis Diderot e Universit`a di Torino`a Paris 7-Denis Diderot) Titolo della tesi: Applications of the proper forcing axiom to cardinal

Viale, Matteo

440

Nadia L. Zakamska CV Information  

E-print Network

development (sophomores, physics majors), JHU, Fall 2012 Galactic Structure and Stellar Dynamics (graduate, funded) Herschel (Sept 2011, funded) Gemini (GMOS, March 2010) Gemini (NIFS, March 2010) APO 3.5m (Triplespec, spring 2009, summer 2009) Gemini (GMOS, March 2006) Chandra (March 2005, funded) Spitzer (Nov

Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

441

Bracken CV -1 Curriculum Vitae  

E-print Network

1998-2001 Graduate Research Fellow, National Science Foundation 1997-2000 Graduate Teaching Assistant, M.E.S. Bracken, M.H. Graham, and J.J. Stachowicz. in press. Plant- animal diversity relationships Series 459: 53-62. 20. Bracken, M.E.S. and N.H.N. Low* . 2012. Realistic losses of rare species

Brody, James P.

442

CV Sergienko 1 Curriculum Vitae  

E-print Network

on the ice-stream behavior. NASA mentor: Robert A. Bindschadler Summer school lecturer/instructor Advanced). Research assistant to the following projects: Information Technology Research Project in Climate Model sponsored, David E. Archer, P.I.), Collaborative Research on Earth's Largest Icebergs (NSF sponsored

Rodgers, Keith

443

CV Sergienko 1 Curriculum Vitae  

E-print Network

; the effect of subglacial hydrodynamics on the ice-stream behavior. NASA mentor: Robert A. Bindschadler Summer; Mathematical Modeling (in Paris). Research assistant to the following projects: Information Technology Research in the Equatorial Region (NSF sponsored, David E. Archer, P.I.), Collaborative Research on Earth's Largest Icebergs

Rodgers, Keith

444

CV Wenli Li Biotechnology and  

E-print Network

in Daphnia populations. $15,000. From the National Science Foundation, US. [DEB-1011419]. Li, W. 2005. 2011. Comparative and population genomic approaches reveal recent introns in Daphnia populations. PNAS. Lynch. 2009. Extensive, recent intron gains in Daphnia populations. Science. 326: 1260-1262. Li, W

445

CV Nils Christophersen October 2007  

E-print Network

and communication technology (ICT) to foster good governance and sustainable economic growth in developing countries partners focussed on the development and deployment of the open source health information system HISP (Health Information System Programme). Christophersen is now heading an initiative at the Department

Sahay, Sundeep

446

Curriculum vitae (CV) Susan Murcott  

E-print Network

the first compendium of arsenic contamination in water/food in the world, identifying site-specific arsenic contamination in 105 countries. o Safe drinking water via household and community-based water treatment & safe

Reuter, Martin

447

ROGER WIEGAND'S CV October 2011  

E-print Network

in Commutative Algebra and Algebraic Geometry (group infrastructure support­no salary). · NSA Grant 01G-144, $41 Conference (May 2005), $12,000. (A. Li and L. Avramov were the PIs, but I wrote much of the proposal.) · NSA

Logan, David

448

CV -Olivier Gagliardini Olivier GAGLIARDINI  

E-print Network

of the Institut Universitaire de France since 2010 Visiting scientist at UBC in Vancouver, Canada Background, Canada (2012-2013). Nominated at the Institut Universitaire de France (2010-2015) 2 years of full of a new teacher in 2007. Appointed member of the recruitment committe

Gagliardini, Olivier

449

CV Michael Schindelegger Curriculum Vitae  

E-print Network

. Vienna University of Technology (TU Vienna) Department of Geodesy and Geoinformation E120 University Assistant at TU Vienna, Department of Geodesy and Geoinformation (will end in December 2016) 10/2009 ­ 12/2012 Project Assistant at TU Vienna, Department of Geodesy and Geoinformation Project: `GGOS

Schuh, Harald

450

The Rhetoric of the CV  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When a person sends in his or her job-application materials, he or she is not just assembling separate documents to fulfill the requirements of an ad. Those documents are part of a larger rhetorical whole, and together they form an argument for the viability of his or her candidacy for a particular job. Documents should be crafted meticulously,…

Eyler, Joshua R.

2012-01-01

451

Bolseiros em protesto. "Para a banca milhes,  

E-print Network

segunda vez a candida- tura a bolsa de doutoramento. Em 179 candidatos entraram 12. Ele era o 14.° e acha para os animais já houve dificuldades", diz. David Gomes e Ana Silva, de 23 e 24 anos, estão a começar

Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

452

DOCUMENTAO PARA INGRESSO POR TRANSFERNCIA EXTERNA  

E-print Network

aceita); - Título de Eleitor; - Certificado de Dispensa de Incorporação; - CPF. Se candidato estrangeiro: - Certidão de Nascimento ou Casamento com tradução juramentada; - Carteira de Identidade; - CPF; - Passaporte de Dispensa de Incorporação (Apenas para alunos brasileiros) - Cópia do CPF - Cópia do Passaporte com

453

Siete principios psicosociales para explicar el terrorismo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este artículo describe las bases para una aproximación psicosocial al análisis de los fenómenos terro- ristas. Más concretamente, se exponen siete principios explicativos del terrorismo que sean congruen- tes con los supuestos metateóricos y el cuerpo de conocimientos propios de la Psicología social. Des- de esta óptica el terrorismo se concibe como una estrategia de influencia sociopolítica. Los atributos psicológicos

Luis de la Corte; Arie Kruglanski; Jesús de Miguel; José Manuel Sabucedo; Darío Díaz

2007-01-01

454

CUATRO PREGUNTAS PARA INICIARSE EN CAMBIO ORGANIZACIONAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN El presente artículo llega a un concepto sobre el cambio organizacional a partir de las respuestas que ofrece a cuatro preguntas: ¿Qué es lo que cambia en las organizaciones?, ¿Por qué cambian las organizaciones?, ¿Cómo cambian las organizaciones? y -entonces- ¿Qué es el cambio organizacional? Para lograr el propósito se toma como objeto a las organizaciones empresariales y se

Carlos A. Acosta

2002-01-01

455

Gua para Estudiantes Internacionales International Student Guide  

E-print Network

derecho y hasta un cuarto de computadores exclusivo para estudiantes de postgrado en derecho. Los Informática de la Salud l Salud Pública y Promoción de la Salud l Psicología Derecho Criminalística l Derecho Marítimo Internacional l Derecho Comercial Internacional l Derecho Comercial Internacional y Derecho

Martin, Ralph R.

456

Functional genomics of fuzzless-lintless mutant of Gossypium hirsutum L. cv. MCU5 reveal key genes and pathways involved in cotton fibre initiation and elongation  

PubMed Central

Background Fuzzless-lintless cotton mutants are considered to be the ideal material to understand the molecular mechanisms involved in fibre cell development. Although there are few reports on transcriptome and proteome analyses in cotton at fibre initiation and elongation stages, there is no comprehensive comparative transcriptome analysis of fibre-bearing and fuzzless-lintless cotton ovules covering fibre initiation to secondary cell wall (SCW) synthesis stages. In the present study, a comparative transcriptome analysis was carried out using G. hirsutum L. cv. MCU5 wild-type (WT) and it’s near isogenic fuzzless-lintless (fl) mutant at fibre initiation (0 dpa/days post anthesis), elongation (5, 10 and 15 dpa) and SCW synthesis (20 dpa) stages. Results Scanning electron microscopy study revealed the delay in the initiation of fibre cells and lack of any further development after 2 dpa in the fl mutant. Transcriptome analysis showed major down regulation of transcripts (90%) at fibre initiation and early elongation (5 dpa) stages in the fl mutant. Majority of the down regulated transcripts at fibre initiation stage in the fl mutant represent calcium and phytohormone mediated signal transduction pathways, biosynthesis of auxin and ethylene and stress responsive transcription factors (TFs). Further, transcripts involved in carbohydrate and lipid metabolisms, mitochondrial electron transport system (mETS) and cell wall loosening and elongation were highly down-regulated at fibre elongation stage (5–15 dpa) in the fl mutant. In addition, cellulose synthases and sucrose synthase C were down-regulated at SCW biosynthesis stage (15–20 dpa). Interestingly, some of the transcripts (~50%) involved in phytohormone signalling and stress responsive transcription factors that were up-regulated at fibre initiation stage in the WT were found to be up-regulated at much later stage (15 dpa) in fl mutant. Conclusions Comparative transcriptome analysis of WT and its near isogenic fl mutant revealed key genes and pathways involved at various stages of fibre development. Our data implicated the significant role of mitochondria mediated energy metabolism during fibre elongation process. The delayed expression of genes involved in phytohormone signalling and stress responsive TFs in the fl mutant suggests the need for a coordinated expression of regulatory mechanisms in fibre cell initiation and differentiation. PMID:23151214

2012-01-01

457

Phylogenetic Analysis of Microbial Diversity in the Rhizoplane of Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus cv. Westar) Employing Cultivation-Dependent and Cultivation-Independent Approaches.  

PubMed

The structure of the microbial rhizoplane community of the important crop plant oilseed rape was studied by using a culture-dependent as well as a culture-independent approach based on 16S rDNA amplification. After isolation of the microbial community from the rhizoplane of oilseed rape (Brassica napus cv. Westar), the collected suspension was divided into two parts. One part was used for cultivation of bacteria onto three different growth media to establish a culture collection. From the other part of the rhizoplane suspension, genomic DNA was isolated and purified. Thereafter, 16S rDNA was amplified by PCR and cloned to obtain a library of 16S rDNA genes representative for the bacterial communities of this habitat. Phylogenetic 16S rDNA sequence analysis of 103 clones of this library revealed considerable differences from the corresponding nucleotide sequences of 111 cultured bacteria. Whereas the 16S rDNA clone library was dominated by a-Proteobacteria and bacteria of the Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides (CFB) phylum (51% and 30%, respectively), less than 17% of the cultured bacteria belonged to these two groups. More than 64% of the cultivated isolates were allocated to the b- and g-subclasses of the Proteobacteria, which were present in the clone library at about 14%. Most of the clones of the a-Proteobacteria of the library showed highest similarity to Bradyrhizobium sp. No such bacteria were found in the culture collection. Similarly, the second dominant group of the clone library comprising members of the CFB phylum was represented in the culture collection by a single isolate. The phylogenetic analysis of isolates of the culture collection clearly emphasized the need to use different growth media for recovery of rhizoplane bacteria. Whereas most of the a-Proteobacteria were recovered on complex medium, most of the b-Proteobacteria were isolated onto minimal media. Our results demonstrate that the combined approach pursued in this paper is necessary to explore the biodiversity of bacterial rhizoplane communities. PMID:12024277

Kaiser, O.; Pühler, A.; Selbitschka, W.

2001-08-01

458

Growth, yield and quality attributes of a tropical potato variety (Solanum tuberosum L. cv Kufri chandramukhi) under ambient and elevated carbon dioxide and ozone and their interactions.  

PubMed

The present study was designed to study the growth and yield responses of a tropical potato variety (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Kufri chandramukhi) to different levels of carbon dioxide (382 and 570ppm) and ozone (50 and 70ppb) in combinations using open top chambers (OTCs). Plants were exposed to three ozone levels in combination wit