Science.gov

Sample records for da vinci code

  1. Lionardo da Vinci Cantor, Moritz

    E-print Network

    Gertz, Michael

    Lionardo da Vinci Cantor, Moritz Originalveröffentlichung in: Westermanns illustrierte deutsche Vinci Quelle: Westermanns illustrierte deutsche Monatshefte. Band 44 (1878), S. 369-381 Seite 369 ­ 381 Naturwissenschaftler Leo- nardo da Vinci. Er berichtet ¨uber den in Spiegelschrift verfassten Codex atlantico da Vincis

  2. [da Vinci surgical system].

    PubMed

    Watanabe, Gou; Ishikawa, Norihiro

    2014-07-01

    The da Vinci surgical system was developed by Intuitive Surgical Inc. in the United States as an endoscopic surgical device to assist remote control surgeries. In 1998, the Da Vinci system was first used for cardiothoracic procedures. Currently a combination of robot-assisted internal thoracic artery harvest together with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) through a mini-incision (ThoraCAB) or totally endoscopic procedures including anastomoses under robotic assistance (TECAB) are being conducted for the treatment of coronary artery diseases. With the recent advances in catheter interventions, hybrid procedures combining catheter intervention with ThoraCAB or TECAB are anticipated in the future.On the other hand, with the decrease in number of coronary artery bypass surgeries, the share of valvular surgeries is expected to increase in the future. Among them, mitral valvuloplasty for mitral regurgitation is anticipated to be conducted mainly by low-invasive procedures, represented by minimally invasive cardiac surgery( MICS) and robot-assisted surgery. Apart from the intrinsic good surgical view, robotic-assisted systems offer additional advantages of the availability of an amplified view and the easy to observe the mitral valve in the physiological position. Thus, robotic surgical surgeries that make complicated procedures easier are expected to accomplish further developments in the future. Furthermore, while the number of surgeries for atrial septal defects has decreased dramatically following the widespread use of Amplatzer septal occluder, robotic surgery may become a good indication for cases in which the Amplatzer device is not indicated. In Japan, clinical trial of the da Vinci robotic system for heart surgeries has been completed. Statutory approval of the da Vinci system for mitral regurgitation and atrial septal defects is anticipated in the next few years. PMID:25138939

  3. Leonardo da Vinci and the Downburst.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gedzelman, Stanley David

    1990-05-01

    Evidence from the drawings, experiments, and writings of Leonardo da Vinci are presented to demonstrate that da Vinci recognized and, possibly, discovered the downburst and understood its associated airflow. Other early references to vortex flows resembling downbursts are mentioned.

  4. Media Images Abbott and Costello Meet the End of the World: Who Is the Enemy in "The Da Vinci Code" and "An Inconvenient Truth?"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, Bernard

    2007-01-01

    Popular culture requires readily identifiable villains. Subcultural groups often serve this role, creating controversies. Controversies based on religion are especially bitter. As a rule, religion in the movies is inoffensively sentimental, but "The Da Vinci Code" is both popular and provocative, treading on the dangerous ground of Jesus's…

  5. How to Think Like Leonardo da Vinci

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caouette, Ralph

    2008-01-01

    To be effective and relevant in twenty-first-century learning, art needs to be more inclusive. In this article, the author discusses how teachers can find a good example in Leonardo da Vinci for building an art program. His art, design, and curiosity are the perfect foundation for any art program, at any level. (Contains 3 resources and 3 online…

  6. The Digital Restoration of Da Vinci's Sketches

    E-print Network

    Sparavigna, Amelia

    2009-01-01

    A sketch, found in one of Leonardo da Vinci's notebooks and covered by the written notes of this genius, has been recently restored. The restoration reveals a possible self-portrait of the artist, drawn when he was young. Here, we discuss the discovery of this self-portrait and the procedure used for restoration. Actually, this is a restoration performed on the digital image of the sketch, a procedure that can easily extended and applied to ancient documents for studies of art and palaeography.

  7. The Case: Bunche-Da Vinci Learning Partnership Academy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisenberg, Nicole; Winters, Lynn; Alkin, Marvin C.

    2005-01-01

    The Bunche-Da Vinci case described in this article presents a situation at Bunche Elementary School that four theorists were asked to address in their evaluation designs (see EJ791771, EJ719772, EJ791773, and EJ792694). The Bunche-Da Vinci Learning Partnership Academy, an elementary school located between an urban port city and a historically…

  8. Tree branching: Leonardo da Vinci's rule versus biomechanical models.

    PubMed

    Minamino, Ryoko; Tateno, Masaki

    2014-01-01

    This study examined Leonardo da Vinci's rule (i.e., the sum of the cross-sectional area of all tree branches above a branching point at any height is equal to the cross-sectional area of the trunk or the branch immediately below the branching point) using simulations based on two biomechanical models: the uniform stress and elastic similarity models. Model calculations of the daughter/mother ratio (i.e., the ratio of the total cross-sectional area of the daughter branches to the cross-sectional area of the mother branch at the branching point) showed that both biomechanical models agreed with da Vinci's rule when the branching angles of daughter branches and the weights of lateral daughter branches were small; however, the models deviated from da Vinci's rule as the weights and/or the branching angles of lateral daughter branches increased. The calculated values of the two models were largely similar but differed in some ways. Field measurements of Fagus crenata and Abies homolepis also fit this trend, wherein models deviated from da Vinci's rule with increasing relative weights of lateral daughter branches. However, this deviation was small for a branching pattern in nature, where empirical measurements were taken under realistic measurement conditions; thus, da Vinci's rule did not critically contradict the biomechanical models in the case of real branching patterns, though the model calculations described the contradiction between da Vinci's rule and the biomechanical models. The field data for Fagus crenata fit the uniform stress model best, indicating that stress uniformity is the key constraint of branch morphology in Fagus crenata rather than elastic similarity or da Vinci's rule. On the other hand, mechanical constraints are not necessarily significant in the morphology of Abies homolepis branches, depending on the number of daughter branches. Rather, these branches were often in agreement with da Vinci's rule. PMID:24714065

  9. Aerodynamic design of the Cal Poly Da Vinci Human-Powered Helicopter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Larwood, Scott; Saiki, Neal

    1990-01-01

    This paper will discuss the methodology used in designing the rotor and drive propellers for the third generation Cal Poly Da Vinci Human-Powered Helicopter. The rotor was designed using a lifting surface, uniform inflow hover analysis code and the propeller was designed using a minimum induced-loss method. Construction, geometry, and operating considerations are discussed as they impact the designs. Optimization of the design performance is also explained. The propellers were tested in a wind tunnel and results are compared with theoretical data. Successful flight tests of the Da Vinci III are discussed.

  10. Solving da Vinci stereopsis with depth-edge-selective V2 cells Andrew Assee *, Ning Qian *

    E-print Network

    Qian, Ning

    Solving da Vinci stereopsis with depth-edge-selective V2 cells Andrew Assee *, Ning Qian * Center; received in revised form 22 June 2007 Abstract We propose a new model for da Vinci stereopsis based of a monocular bar next to a binocular rect- angle may not be da Vinci stereopsis per se [Gillam, B., Cook, M

  11. Cutaneous Feedback of Planar Fingertip Deformation and Vibration on a da Vinci Surgical Robot

    E-print Network

    Siena, Università di

    Cutaneous Feedback of Planar Fingertip Deformation and Vibration on a da Vinci Surgical Robot da Vinci Si), but current surgical robots have very limited haptic feedback, despite its expected to leave only the cutaneous cues. This paper presents a novel cutaneous feedback system for the da Vinci

  12. Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Painter, inventor and polymath, born in Vinci (near Empolia), Italy. Although astronomy does not figure large in Leonardo's works, he realized the possibility of constructing a telescope (`making glasses to see the Moon enlarged'). He suggested that `… in order to observe the nature of the planets, open the roof and bring the image of a single planet onto the base of a concave mirror. The image o...

  13. Studying and Working Abroad. Leonardo da Vinci Series: Good Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium). Directorate-General for Education and Culture.

    This document profiles recent successful examples of students studying and working abroad as part of the European Commission's Leonardo da Vinci program, which is designed to give students across the European Union the opportunity to experience vocational training in a foreign country. The following examples are presented: (1) 3 Finnish students…

  14. The DaVinci Project: Multimedia in Art and Chemistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonson, Michael; Schlosser, Charles

    1998-01-01

    Provides an overview of the DaVinci Project, a collaboration of students, teachers, and researchers in chemistry and art to develop multimedia materials for grades 3-12 visualizing basic concepts in chemistry and visual art. Topics addressed include standards in art and science; the conceptual framework for the project; and project goals,…

  15. The Potential da Vinci in All of Us

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petto, Sarah; Petto, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    The study of the human form is fundamental to both science and art curricula. For vertebrates, perhaps no feature is more important than the skeleton to determine observable form and function. As Leonard da Vinci's famous Proportions of the Human Figure (Virtruvian Man) illustrates, the size, shape, and proportions of the human body are defined by…

  16. Training and Health. Leonardo da Vinci Series: Good Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium). Directorate-General for Education and Culture.

    This document profiles programs in the fields of health and medicine that are offered through the European Commission's Leonardo da Vinci program. The following programs are profiled: (1) CYTOTRAIN (a transnational vocational training program in cervical cancer screening); (2) Apollo (a program of open and distance learning for paramedical…

  17. Women and Technical Professions. Leonardo da Vinci Series: Good Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium). Directorate-General for Education and Culture.

    This document profiles programs for women in technical professions that are offered through the European Commission's Leonardo da Vinci program. The following programs are profiled: (1) Artemis and Diana (vocational guidance programs to help direct girls toward technology-related careers); (2) CEEWIT (an Internet-based information and…

  18. [Lobectomy for lung cancer using the Da Vinci surgical system].

    PubMed

    Nakamura, Hiroshige

    2014-05-01

    Robot-assisted surgery using the da Vinci surgical system has attracted attention because of excellent operability without shaking by joint forceps under the clear vision of a three-dimensional high-definition camera in lung cancer surgery. Although this form of advanced medical care is not yet approved for insurance coverage, it is at the stage of clinical research and expected to be useful in hilar exposure, lymph node dissection, and suturing of the lung parenchyma or bronchus. Lung cancer surgery with the da Vinci system has the advantage of combining thoracotomy and minimally invasive surgery in video-assisted thoracic surgery. However, safety management, education, and significant cost are problems to be resolved. Several important issues such as sharing knowledge and technology of robotic surgery, education, training, development of new instruments, and acquisition of advanced medical insurance are discussed for the future development of robotic surgical systems. PMID:24946522

  19. Plug flow formation and growth in da Vinci Fluids

    E-print Network

    Moshe Schwartz; Raphael Blumenfeld

    2010-04-22

    A new, da Vinci, fluid is described as a model for flow of dense granular matter. We postulate local properties of the fluid, which are generically different from ordinary fluids in that energy is dissipated by solid friction. We present the equation of flow of such a fluid and show that it gives rise to formation and growth of plug flow regions, which is characteristic of flow of granular matter. Simple explicit examples are presented to illustrate the evolution of plug flow regions.

  20. The DaVinci Group: a second modern Ophthalmotrope.

    PubMed

    Pruehsner, William R; Enderle, John D

    2006-01-01

    A group of undergraduate students at the University of Connecticut Biomedical Engineering Program has formed a "club" in order to more fully understand and educate themselves in modeling anatomical processes. This group is called the DaVinci Robot or DaVinci Group. Experiments to mechanically model the six extraocular muscles of the eye have been performed, each meeting little success. While researching methods that would lead to better success, the concept of the Ophthalmotrope was discovered. The Ophthalmotrope is a mechanical visual aide used in teaching the function of the extraocular muscles, prevalent in the mid 1800's. The Group decided to study this device and ultimately decided to build one. The paper presented here discusses our third experiment, currently under investigation, that is, to build an Opthalmotrope. Difficulties with this task are lack of any information with regard to how to construct this device. Presented are descriptions of the Group's initial experiments and research conducted into the construction of the Ophthalmotrpe. In the main body of the presented paper is a description of how the DaVinci Group Ophthalmotrope is constructed. Concluding is a discussion of the progress of the construction of the Ophthalmotrope along with a brief listing of research conducted in order to build the device. PMID:16817648

  1. Mammary artery harvesting using the Da Vinci Si robotic system

    PubMed Central

    Canale, Leonardo Secchin; Bonatti, Johannes

    2014-01-01

    Internal mammary artery harvesting is an essential part of any coronary artery bypass operation. Totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass graft surgery has become reality in many centers as a safe and effective alternative to conventional surgery in selected patients. Internal mammary artery harvesting is the initial part of the procedure and should be performed equally safely if one wants to achieve excellence in patency rates for the bypass. We here describe the technique for mammary harvesting with the Da Vinci Si robotic system. PMID:24896171

  2. Da Vinci's codex and the anatomy of healthcare.

    PubMed

    Stephens-Borg, Keith

    2012-08-01

    We usually display a laid-back approach to medical jargon throughout our theatre work. The word 'perioperative' is built from the Greek word 'peri' (around) and the Latin 'operari' (to work). Latin and Greek became the prefixed language of choice for Leonardo da Vinci, and his research was pivotal in determining the way in which surgical procedures are documented. Ancient manuscripts aided the unfolding of the secrets of anatomy, and Leonardo revealed that art was the key in expressive detailed explanation. PMID:23248927

  3. Visual tracking of da Vinci instruments for laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Speidel, S.; Kuhn, E.; Bodenstedt, S.; Röhl, S.; Kenngott, H.; Müller-Stich, B.; Dillmann, R.

    2014-03-01

    Intraoperative tracking of laparoscopic instruments is a prerequisite to realize further assistance functions. Since endoscopic images are always available, this sensor input can be used to localize the instruments without special devices or robot kinematics. In this paper, we present an image-based markerless 3D tracking of different da Vinci instruments in near real-time without an explicit model. The method is based on different visual cues to segment the instrument tip, calculates a tip point and uses a multiple object particle filter for tracking. The accuracy and robustness is evaluated with in vivo data.

  4. Leonardo da Vinci and the origin of semen

    PubMed Central

    Noble, Denis; DiFrancesco, Dario; Zancani, Diego

    2014-01-01

    It is well known that Leonardo da Vinci made several drawings of the human male anatomy. The early drawings (before 1500) were incorrect in identifying the origin of semen, where he followed accepted teaching of his time. It is widely thought that he did not correct this mistake, a view that is reflected in several biographies. In fact, he made a later drawing (after 1500) in which the description of the anatomy is remarkably accurate and must have been based on careful dissection. In addition to highlighting this fact, acknowledged previously in only one other source, this article reviews the background to Leonardo's knowledge of the relevant anatomy.

  5. Processing and Visualizing Planetary Data Using DaVinci: Updates for Portability and Scriptable Execution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Edwards, C. S.; Anwar, S.; Hagee, W.; Doerres, D.; Dickensheid, S.; Christensen, P. R.

    2015-06-01

    We present updates to the DaVinci software toolkit that enable stand-alone reading of ISIS3 files, a link between DaVinci and JMARS, the ingestion and use of geospatial information, and a series of executable THEMIS processing scripts.

  6. A Creative Approach to the Common Core Standards: The Da Vinci Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaucer, Harry

    2012-01-01

    "A Creative Approach to the Common Core Standards: The Da Vinci Curriculum" challenges educators to design programs that boldly embrace the Common Core State Standards by imaginatively drawing from the genius of great men and women such as Leonardo da Vinci. A central figure in the High Renaissance, Leonardo made extraordinary contributions as a…

  7. A Value-Engaged Approach for Evaluating the Bunche-Da Vinci Learning Academy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Jennifer C.

    2005-01-01

    In 2001, the Bunche Academy was chosen by its district to join in partnership with the Da Vinci Learning Corporation to embark on an ambitious whole-school reform initiative, especially designed by the corporation for low-performing schools. In this chapter, the author describes how, as illustrated in the Bunche-Da Vinci Learning Academy context,…

  8. A Proposal to Build Evaluation Capacity at the Bunche-Da Vinci Learning Partnership Academy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Jean A.

    2005-01-01

    The author describes potential evaluation capacity-building activities in contrast to the specifics of an evaluation design. Her response to the case of the Bunche-Da Vinci Learning Partnership Academy is developed in three parts: (1) an initial framing of the Bunche-Da Vinci situation; (2) what should be done before signing a contract; and (3)…

  9. Da Vinci facility is state-of-the art.

    PubMed

    Baillie, Jonathan

    2011-10-01

    Growing demand for a wide range of surgical procedures, coupled with a strong belief in the advantages--both to surgeons and patients--of minimally invasive robot-assisted surgery, have seen the Royal Wolverhampton Hospitals NHS Trust open a new twin operating theatre suite, equipped with the Midlands' first da Vinci surgical robot, at Wolverhampton's New Cross Hospital. The two theatres, together with accompanying "preparation" and scrub facilities, and a separate five-bed recovery bay to serve several of the hospital's eight other existing main theatres, were completed to time and on budget recently by modular construction specialist, MTX Contracts, under a pound 2 million design and build contract, as HEJ editor Jonathan Baillie reports. PMID:22053358

  10. Thinking like Leonardo da Vinci and its implications for the modern doctor.

    PubMed

    Baum, Neil

    2013-01-01

    Most people when asked to name the most creative, innovative, and multidimensional people in history would agree that Leonardo da Vinci is either at the top or very close to the number one position on that list. Wouldn't it be nice to think like da Vinci? This article shares the seven unique principles of thinking that da Vinci used that enabled him to be the greatest painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer of his (if not of all) time. This article will take you deep into the notebooks and codices of da Vinci, and suggest ways his ideas can be used by anyone in the healthcare profession to make them a better healthcare provider. PMID:24228380

  11. Load evaluation of the da Vinci surgical system for transoral robotic surgery.

    PubMed

    Fujiwara, Kazunori; Fukuhara, Takahiro; Niimi, Koji; Sato, Takahiro; Kitano, Hiroya

    2015-12-01

    Transoral robotic surgery, performed with the da Vinci surgical system (da Vinci), is a surgical approach for benign and malignant lesions of the oral cavity and laryngopharynx. It provides several unique advantages, which include a 3-dimensional magnified view and ability to see and work around curves or angles. However, the current da Vinci surgical system does not provide haptic feedback. This is problematic because the potential risks specific to the transoral use of the da Vinci include tooth injury, mucosal laceration, ocular injury and mandibular fracture. To assess the potential for intraoperative injuries, we measured the load of the endoscope and the instrument of the da Vinci Si surgical system. We pressed the endoscope and instrument of the da Vinci Si against Load cell six times each and measured the dynamic load and the time-to-maximum load. We also struck the da Vinci Si endoscope and instrument against the Load cell six times each and measured the impact load. The maximum dynamic load was 7.27 ± 1.31 kg for the endoscope and 1.90 ± 0.72 for the instrument. The corresponding time-to-maximum loads were 1.72 ± 0.22 and 1.29 ± 0.34 s, but the impact loads were significantly lower than the dynamic load. It remains possible that a major load is exerted on adjacent structures by continuous contact with the endoscope and instrument of da Vinci Si. However, there is a minor delay in reaching the maximum load. Careful monitoring by an on-site assistant may, therefore, help prevent contiguous injury. PMID:26530845

  12. DaVinci-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: the learning curve

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Le, Carter Q.; Ho, Khai-Linh V.; Gettman, Matthew T.

    2007-02-01

    Objective: To define the learning curve for daVinci-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (DLP) at our institution. Methods: The data from 170 patients who underwent DLP between August 2002 and December 2004 by a single surgeon (MTG) were reviewed. Operative time, hemoglobin decrease, conversion to open procedure, positive margin rates, complications, length of stay (LOS), length of catheterization, continence, and erectile function were analyzed. Results: Hemoglobin decrease (p=0.11), positive margin rates (p=0.80), and early urinary continence (p=0.17) did not significantly correlate with surgical experience. A trend towards lower complications (p=0.07) and an earlier return of erectile function (p=0.09) was noted with increased experience with DLP. Operative time, hospital stay, catheterization time, and open conversion showed significant association with patient sequence. Median operative time for the first 60 and the last 110 patients was 323.5 and 239.5 minutes (p=<0.0001), respectively. Median LOS for the aforementioned groups was 53 and 51 hours (p=0.009). Length of catheterization declined significantly between the first 60 and the remaining 110 patients, 14 as compared to 11.5 days (p=<0.0001). Eight open conversions occurred, six were in the first 30 patients (p=0.03). Conclusion: As an indicator of the learning curve, the operative time in our series showed no correlation with sequence after the 60 th patient. Thus, despite the advantages of robotics, the learning curve to efficient performance of daVinciassisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is long. Oncological and functional outcomes should not be affected during the learning curve.

  13. Evolution of robots throughout history from Hephaestus to Da Vinci Robot.

    PubMed

    Iavazzo, Christos; Gkegke, Xanthi-Ekaterini D; Iavazzo, Paraskevi-Evangelia; Gkegkes, Ioannis D

    2014-01-01

    Da Vinci robot is increasingly used for operations adding the advantages of robots to the favor of medicine. This is a historical article with the aim to present the evolution of robots in the medical area from the time of ancient myths to Renaissance and finally to the current revolutionary applications. We endeavored to collect several elegant narratives on the topic. The use of imagination could help the reader to find similarities. A trip from the Greek myths of Hephaestus through Aristotle and Leonardo Da Vinci to the robots of Karel Capek and Isaac Asimov and finally the invention of the medical robots is presented. PMID:25811686

  14. Transparency of Vocational Qualifications: The Leonardo da Vinci Approach. CEDEFOP Panorama Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bjornavold, Jens; Pettersson, Sten

    This report gives an overview of the situation of transparency of vocational qualifications by presenting measures introduced at the European Community level and by drawing attention to projects within the Leonardo da Vinci Program dealing with the issue. A 16-page executive summary appears first. Chapter 1 provides general background and aims.…

  15. Leonardo da Vinci, One Year on...a Different Look at Vocational Training in Europe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Le Magazine, 1996

    1996-01-01

    Discusses the success of the Leonardo da Vinci program, a European laboratory of innovation in vocational training, a priority focus of investment in human resources and intelligence, and a way to mobilize innovative forces beyond national boundaries. Trends identified by the program focus on new information and communication technologies. (JOW)

  16. The Harvard University daVinci Center Initiative for Physical Biology

    E-print Network

    #12;The Harvard University daVinci Center Initiative for Physical Biology: Viewing Living Systems rationale. For the past 50-100 years, biology at the molecular and cellular levels has been viewed primarily) on the basis of their shared belief that the next round of fundamental advances in the life sciences

  17. Automatic localization of the da Vinci surgical instrument tips in 3-D transrectal ultrasound.

    PubMed

    Mohareri, Omid; Ramezani, Mahdi; Adebar, Troy K; Abolmaesumi, Purang; Salcudean, Septimiu E

    2013-09-01

    Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALRP) using the da Vinci surgical system is the current state-of-the-art treatment option for clinically confined prostate cancer. Given the limited field of view of the surgical site in RALRP, several groups have proposed the integration of transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) imaging in the surgical workflow to assist with accurate resection of the prostate and the sparing of the neurovascular bundles (NVBs). We previously introduced a robotic TRUS manipulator and a method for automatically tracking da Vinci surgical instruments with the TRUS imaging plane, in order to facilitate the integration of intraoperative TRUS in RALRP. Rapid and automatic registration of the kinematic frames of the da Vinci surgical system and the robotic TRUS probe manipulator is a critical component of the instrument tracking system. In this paper, we propose a fully automatic registration technique based on automatic 3-D TRUS localization of robot instrument tips pressed against the air-tissue boundary anterior to the prostate. The detection approach uses a multiscale filtering technique to identify and localize surgical instrument tips in the TRUS volume, and could also be used to detect other surface fiducials in 3-D ultrasound. Experiments have been performed using a tissue phantom and two ex vivo tissue samples to show the feasibility of the proposed methods. Also, an initial in vivo evaluation of the system has been carried out on a live anaesthetized dog with a da Vinci Si surgical system and a target registration error (defined as the root mean square distance of corresponding points after registration) of 2.68 mm has been achieved. Results show this method's accuracy and consistency for automatic registration of TRUS images to the da Vinci surgical system. PMID:23674418

  18. Visual degradation in Leonardo da Vinci's iconic self-portrait: A nanoscale study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Conte, A. Mosca; Pulci, O.; Misiti, M. C.; Lojewska, J.; Teodonio, L.; Violante, C.; Missori, M.

    2014-06-01

    The discoloration of ancient paper, due to the development of oxidized groups acting as chromophores in its chief component, cellulose, is responsible for severe visual degradation in ancient artifacts. By adopting a non-destructive approach based on the combination of optical reflectance measurements and time-dependent density functional theory ab-initio calculations, we describe and quantify the chromophores affecting Leonardo da Vinci's iconic self-portrait. Their relative concentrations are very similar to those measured in modern and ancient samples aged in humid environments. This analysis quantifies the present level of optical degradation of the Leonardo da Vinci's self-portrait which, compared with future measurements, will assess its degradation rate. This is a fundamental information in order to plan appropriate conservation strategies.

  19. Maximizing use of robot-arm no. 3 in da vinci-assisted thoracic surgery.

    PubMed

    Kajiwara, Naohiro; Maeda, Junichi; Yoshida, Koichi; Kato, Yasufumi; Hagiwara, Masaru; Kakihana, Masatoshi; Ohira, Tatsuo; Kawate, Norihiko; Ikeda, Norihiko

    2015-05-01

    We have previously reported on the importance of appropriate robot-arm settings and replacement of instrument ports in robot-assisted thoracic surgery, because the thoracic cavity requires a large space to access all lesions in various areas of the thoracic cavity from the apex to the diaphragm and mediastinum and the chest wall. (1 - 3) Moreover, it can be difficult to manipulate the da Vinci Surgical System using only arms No. 1 and No. 2 depending on the tumor location. However, arm No. 3 is usually positioned on the same side as arm No. 2, and sometimes it is only used as an assisting-arm to avoid conflict with other arms ( Fig. 1 ). In this report, we show how robot-arm No. 3 can be used with maximum effectiveness in da Vinci-assisted thoracic surgery. [Figure: see text]. PMID:26011219

  20. The Handedness of Leonardo da Vinci: A Tale of the Complexities of Lateralisation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McManus, I. C.; Drury, Helena

    2004-01-01

    The handedness of Leonardo da Vinci is controversial. Although there is little doubt that many of his well-attributed drawings were drawn with the left hand, the hatch marks of the shading going downwards from left to right, it is not clear that he was a natural left-hander, there being some suggestion that he may have become left-handed as the…

  1. The experience of totally endoscopic coronary bypass grafting with the robotic system «Da Vinci» in Russia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Efendiev, V. U.; Alsov, S. A.; Ruzmatov, T. M.; Mikheenko, I. L.; Chernyavsky, A. M.; Malakhov, E. S.

    2015-11-01

    A new technology - a thoracoscopic coronary bypass grafting with the use of Da Vinci robotic system in Russia is represented by the experience of NRICP. The technology was introduced in Russia in 2011. Overall, one hundred endoscopic coronary artery bypass procedures were performed. We have compared and analyzed results of coronary artery stenting vs minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting. According to the results, totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting has several advantages over alternative treatment strategies.

  2. da Vinci robot-assisted keyhole neurosurgery: a cadaver study on feasibility and safety.

    PubMed

    Marcus, Hani J; Hughes-Hallett, Archie; Cundy, Thomas P; Yang, Guang-Zhong; Darzi, Ara; Nandi, Dipankar

    2015-04-01

    The goal of this cadaver study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of da Vinci robot-assisted keyhole neurosurgery. Several keyhole craniotomies were fashioned including supraorbital subfrontal, retrosigmoid and supracerebellar infratentorial. In each case, a simple durotomy was performed, and the flap was retracted. The da Vinci surgical system was then used to perform arachnoid dissection towards the deep-seated intracranial cisterns. It was not possible to simultaneously pass the 12-mm endoscope and instruments through the keyhole craniotomy in any of the approaches performed, limiting visualization. The articulated instruments provided greater dexterity than existing tools, but the instrument arms could not be placed in parallel through the keyhole craniotomy and, therefore, could not be advanced to the deep cisterns without significant clashing. The da Vinci console offered considerable ergonomic advantages over the existing operating room arrangement, allowing the operating surgeon to remain non-sterile and seated comfortably throughout the procedure. However, the lack of haptic feedback was a notable limitation. In conclusion, while robotic platforms have the potential to greatly enhance the performance of transcranial approaches, there is strong justification for research into next-generation robots, better suited to keyhole neurosurgery. PMID:25516094

  3. [History of robotics: from archytas of tarentum until Da Vinci robot. (Part II)].

    PubMed

    Sánchez-Martín, F M; Jiménez Schlegl, P; Millán Rodríguez, F; Salvador-Bayarri, J; Monllau Font, V; Palou Redorta, J; Villavicencio Mavrich, H

    2007-03-01

    Robotic surgery is a reality. In order to to understand how new robots work is interesting to know the history of ancient (see part i) and modern robotics. The desire to design automatic machines imitating humans continued for more than 4000 years. Archytas of Tarentum (at around 400 a.C.), Heron of Alexandria, Hsieh-Fec, Al-Jazari, Bacon, Turriano, Leonardo da Vinci, Vaucanson o von Kempelen were robot inventors. At 1942 Asimov published the three robotics laws. Mechanics, electronics and informatics advances at XXth century developed robots to be able to do very complex self governing works. At 1985 the robot PUMA 560 was employed to introduce a needle inside the brain. Later on, they were designed surgical robots like World First, Robodoc, Gaspar o Acrobot, Zeus, AESOP, Probot o PAKI-RCP. At 2000 the FDA approved the da Vinci Surgical System (Intuitive Surgical Inc, Sunnyvale, CA, USA), a very sophisticated robot to assist surgeons. Currently urological procedures like prostatectomy, cystectomy and nephrectomy are performed with the da Vinci, so urology has become a very suitable speciality to robotic surgery. PMID:17658147

  4. [The Vitruvian Man: an anatomical drawing for proportions by Leonardo Da Vinci].

    PubMed

    Le Floch-Prigent, P

    2008-12-01

    The aim of the study was to find out and to analyse the text by Vitruvius which inspired the famous drawing by Leonardo da Vinci (circa 1490) kept in the Galleria dell'Accademia, in Venezia, Italy: the man inscribed in one circle and in one square. The book "de Architectura" by Vitruvius Marcus Pollio was printed several times since the Renaissance when both the roman architecture of antiquity and this text became very popular. From a French translation by Claude Perrault in 1864, it became easy to find a French translation with the original text in Latin (Paris, 2003, Les Belles Lettres, French text by Pierre Gros). The drawing by Leonardo da Vinci illustrates with great accuracy and fidelity the quotation of Vitruvius (with the exception of two of the 12 main relationships). The genius of Leonardo da Vinci was to keep only one trunk, head and neck for two pairs of limbs: scapular and pelvic; to make the circle tangent to the lower edge of the square; to adjust a few features of the quotation for the equilibrium of the whole figure; and of course to bring his incredible skill as a drawer (one of the best of his century). The drawing was made on a sheet of paper 344x245mm, in black ink which became dark brown with time; several lines complete the figure above and below; a short caption and a horizontal scale appear just under the drawing. The celebrity of the drawing, a symbol of the Renaissance, of the equilibrium of man and mankind, of the universality of the artists and intellectuals of the time (Humanism) made it iconic and it has been constantly reproduced and adapted especially for advertisement and logos, not only in the medical field. PMID:18951824

  5. OCT structural examination of Madonna dei Fusi by Leonardo da Vinci

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Targowski, Piotr; Iwanicka, Magdalena; Sylwestrzak, Marcin; Kaszewska, Ewa A.; Frosinini, Cecilia

    2013-05-01

    Madonna dei Fusi (`Madonna of the Yarnwider') is a spectacular example of Italian Renaissance painting, attributed to Leonardo da Vinci. The aim of this study is to give an account of past restoration procedures. The evidence of a former retouching campaign will be presented with cross-sectional images obtained non-invasively with Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). Specifically, the locations of overpaintings/retouchings with respect to the original paint layer and secondary varnishes will be given. Additionally, the evidence of a former transfer of the pictorial layer to the new canvas support by detecting the presence of its structure incised into paint layer will be shown.

  6. [The anatomy of a reduced skull model--visualisation of Leonardo da Vinci's anthropology].

    PubMed

    Ahner, E

    2008-04-01

    The article focuses on a rare example of a miniature skull of unknown origin. The profoundness of the anatomical details, conjoint with outstanding virtuosity, reminds of Leonardo da Vinci's anatomical skull studies and asks for additional interpretation beside the emblematic "memento mori"-character. Following the miscellaneous topics of his skull studies an anatomical-anthropological interpretation is proposed. For such a project the mergence of anthropology, history of medicine and history of art was mandatory. Concerning some discrepancies within the anatomical realism, the depiction of a pathology is discussed and beyond the visualisation of a historic concept of brain function. PMID:18548818

  7. Project Da Vinci: a study of long-range air pollution using a balloon-borne Lagrangian measurement platform. Volume 2. Reports of participants in Da Vinci 1. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Zak, B.D.

    1981-05-01

    Understanding long-range air pollution is becoming increasingly important for the development of cost-effective air-quality control strategies. Project Da Vinci was the beginning of a continuing effort at Sandia to address the need to study long-range air pollution. It consisted of a series of three instrumented, manned balloon flights to study the lower atmosphere in a Lagrangian frame of reference. These experiments gathered information on gases and aerosols, radiation, electrical fields, atmospheric structure, turbulence, diffusion, mesoscale motions, and their interrelationship. Volume II is a collection of the reports from researchers involved in Da Vinci I.

  8. The Da Vinci European BioBank: A Metabolomics-Driven Infrastructure

    PubMed Central

    Carotenuto, Dario; Luchinat, Claudio; Marcon, Giordana; Rosato, Antonio; Turano, Paola

    2015-01-01

    We present here the organization of the recently-constituted da Vinci European BioBank (daVEB, https://www.davincieuropeanbiobank.org/it). The biobank was created as an infrastructure to support the activities of the Fiorgen Foundation (http://www.fiorgen.net/), a nonprofit organization that promotes research in the field of pharmacogenomics and personalized medicine. The way operating procedures concerning samples and data have been developed at daVEB largely stems from the strong metabolomics connotation of Fiorgen and from the involvement of the scientific collaborators of the foundation in international/European projects aimed to tackle the standardization of pre-analytical procedures and the promotion of data standards in metabolomics. PMID:25913579

  9. The uncatchable smile in Leonardo da Vinci's La Bella Principessa portrait.

    PubMed

    Soranzo, Alessandro; Newberry, Michelle

    2015-08-01

    A portrait of uncertain origin recently came to light which, after extensive research and examination, was shown to be that rarest of things: a newly discovered Leonardo da Vinci painting entitled La Bella Principessa. This research presents a new illusion which is similar to that identified in the Mona Lisa; La Bella Principessa's mouth appears to change slant depending on both the Viewing Distance and the Level of Blur applied to a digital version of the portrait. Through a series of psychophysics experiments, it was found that a perceived change in the slant of the La Bella Principessa's mouth influences her expression of contentment thus generating an illusion that we have coined the "uncatchable smile". The elusive quality of the Mona Lisa's smile has been previously reported (Science, 290 (2000) 1299) and so the existence of a similar illusion in a portrait painted prior to the Mona Lisa becomes more interesting. The question remains whether Leonardo da Vinci intended this illusion. In any case, it can be argued that the ambiguity created adds to the portrait's allure. PMID:26049039

  10. Leonardo da Vinci and Andreas Vesalius; the shoulder girdle and the spine, a comparison.

    PubMed

    Ganseman, Y; Broos, P

    2008-01-01

    Leonardo Da Vinci and Andreas Vesalius were two important renaissance persons; Vesalius was a surgeon-anatomist who delivered innovative work on the study of the human body, Leonardo da Vinci was an artist who delivered strikingly accurate and beautiful drawings on the human body. Below we compare both masters with regard to their knowledge of the working of the muscles, their method and system of dissection and their system and presentation of the drawings. The investigation consisted of a comparison between both anatomists, in particular concerning their study on the shoulder girdle and spine, by reviewing their original work as well as already existing literature on this subject. The investigation led to the conclusion that the drawings mentioned meant a change in history, and were of high quality, centuries ahead of their time. Both were anatomists, both were revolutionary, only one changed history at the moment itself, while the other changed history centuries later. Leonardo has made beautiful drawings that are at a match with the drawings of today or are even better. Vesalius set the start for medicine as a science as it is until this day. Their lives differed as strongly as their impact. In the light of their time, the achievement they made was extraordinary. PMID:18807610

  11. Educating in the Design and Construction of Built Environments Accessible to Disabled People: The Leonardo da Vinci AWARD Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frattari, Antonio; Dalpra, Michela; Bernardi, Fabio

    2013-01-01

    An interdisciplinary partnership within an European Leonardo da Vinci project has developed a new approach aimed at educating secondary school students in the creation of built environments accessible to disabled people and at sensitizing them towards the inclusion of people with disabilities in all realms of social life. The AWARD (Accessible…

  12. Virtual Mobility in Reality: A Study of the Use of ICT in Finnish Leonardo da Vinci Mobility Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valjus, Sonja

    An e-mail survey and interviews collected data on use of information and communications technology (ICT) in Finnish Leonardo da Vinci mobility projects from 2000-02. Findings showed that the most common ICT tools used were e-mail, digital tools, and the World Wide Web; ICT was used during all project phases; the most common problems concerned…

  13. Can We Do da Vinci-Like Surgery With Steerable Needles? Robert J. Webster III, Member, IEEE

    E-print Network

    's Director of Robotic Surgery who will provide a perspective on the integration of these technologies that these robots enable including endonasal surgery, lung surgery, neurosurgery and transurethral prostate surgeryCan We Do da Vinci-Like Surgery With Steerable Needles? Robert J. Webster III, Member, IEEE

  14. da Vinci fluids, catch-up dynamics and dense granular flow.

    PubMed

    Blumenfeld, R; Edwards, S F; Schwartz, M

    2010-08-01

    We introduce and study a da Vinci fluid, a fluid whose dissipation is dominated by solid friction. We analyse the flow rheology of a discrete model and then coarse-grain it to the continuum. We find that the model gives rise to behaviour that is characteristic of dense granular fluids. In particular, it leads to plug flow. We analyse the nucleation mechanism of plugs and their development. We find that plug boundaries generically expand and we calculate the growth rate of plug regions. In systems whose internal effective dynamic and static friction coefficients are relatively uniform we find that the linear size of plug regions grows as (time)¹(/)³ . The suitability of the model to granular materials is discussed. PMID:20668906

  15. Microbiological Analysis of Surfaces of Leonardo Da Vinci's Atlantic Codex: Biodeterioration Risk

    PubMed Central

    Moroni, Catia; Pasquariello, Giovanna; Maggi, Oriana

    2014-01-01

    Following the discovery of discoloration on some pages of the Atlantic Codex (AC) of Leonardo da Vinci kept in the Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan, some investigations have been carried out to verify the presence of microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi. To verify the presence of microorganisms a noninvasive method of sampling has been used that was efficient and allowed us to highlight the microbial facies of the material that was examined using conventional microbiological techniques. The microclimatic conditions in the storage room as well as the water content of the volume were also assessed. The combined observations allowed the conclusion that the discoloration of suspected biological origin on some pages of AC is not related to the presence or current attack of microbial agents. PMID:25574171

  16. Da Vinci Fluids, catch-up dynamics and dense granular flow

    E-print Network

    Raphael Blumenfeld; Sam F. Edwards; Moshe Schwartz

    2010-04-22

    We introduce and study a da Vinci Fluid, a fluid whose dissipation is dominated by solid friction. We analyse the flow rheology of a discrete model and then coarse-grain it to the continuum. We find that the model gives rise to behaviour that is characteristic of dense granular fluids. In particular, it leads to plug flow. We analyse the nucleation mechanism of plugs and their development. We find that plug boundaries generically expand and we calculate the growth rate of plug regions. In systems whose internal effective friction coefficient is relatively uniform we find that the linear size of plug regions grows as (time)$^{1/3}$. The suitability of the model to granular materials is discussed.

  17. Understanding the adoption dynamics of medical innovations: affordances of the da Vinci robot in the Netherlands.

    PubMed

    Abrishami, Payam; Boer, Albert; Horstman, Klasien

    2014-09-01

    This study explored the rather rapid adoption of a new surgical device - the da Vinci robot - in the Netherlands despite the high costs and its controversial clinical benefits. We used the concept 'affordances' as a conceptual-analytic tool to refer to the perceived promises, symbolic meanings, and utility values of an innovation constructed in the wider social context of use. This concept helps us empirically understand robot adoption. Data from 28 in-depth interviews with diverse purposively-sampled stakeholders, and from medical literature, policy documents, Health Technology Assessment reports, congress websites and patients' weblogs/forums between April 2009 and February 2014 were systematically analysed from the perspective of affordances. We distinguished five interrelated affordances of the robot that accounted for shaping and fulfilling its rapid adoption: 'characteristics-related' affordances such as smart nomenclature and novelty, symbolising high-tech clinical excellence; 'research-related' affordances offering medical-technical scientific excellence; 'entrepreneurship-related' affordances for performing better-than-the-competition; 'policy-related' affordances indicating the robot's liberalised provision and its reduced financial risks; and 'communication-related' affordances of the robot in shaping patients' choices and the public's expectations by resonating promising discourses while pushing uncertainties into the background. These affordances make the take-up and use of the da Vinci robot sound perfectly rational and inevitable. This Dutch case study demonstrates the fruitfulness of the affordances approach to empirically capturing the contextual dynamics of technology adoption in health care: exploring in-depth actors' interaction with the technology while considering the interpretative spaces created in situations of use. This approach can best elicit real-life value of innovations, values as defined through the eyes of (potential) users. PMID:25063968

  18. Realization of a single image haze removal system based on DaVinci DM6467T processor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Zhuang

    2014-10-01

    Video monitoring system (VMS) has been extensively applied in domains of target recognition, traffic management, remote sensing, auto navigation and national defence. However the VMS has a strong dependence on the weather, for instance, in foggy weather, the quality of images received by the VMS are distinct degraded and the effective range of VMS is also decreased. All in all, the VMS performs terribly in bad weather. Thus the research of fog degraded images enhancement has very high theoretical and practical application value. A design scheme of a fog degraded images enhancement system based on the TI DaVinci processor is presented in this paper. The main function of the referred system is to extract and digital cameras capture images and execute image enhancement processing to obtain a clear image. The processor used in this system is the dual core TI DaVinci DM6467T - ARM@500MHz+DSP@1GH. A MontaVista Linux operating system is running on the ARM subsystem which handles I/O and application processing. The DSP handles signal processing and the results are available to the ARM subsystem in shared memory.The system benefits from the DaVinci processor so that, with lower power cost and smaller volume, it provides the equivalent image processing capability of a X86 computer. The outcome shows that the system in this paper can process images at 25 frames per second on D1 resolution.

  19. Single-Port Surgery: Laboratory Experience with the daVinci Single-Site Platform

    PubMed Central

    Haber, Georges-Pascal; Kaouk, Jihad; Kroh, Matthew; Chalikonda, Sricharan; Falcone, Tommaso

    2011-01-01

    Background and Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and validity of a dedicated da Vinci single-port platform in the porcine model in the performance of gynecologic surgery. Methods: This pilot study was conducted in 4 female pigs. All pigs had a general anesthetic and were placed in the supine and flank position. A 2-cm umbilical incision was made, through which a robotic single-port device was placed and pneumoperitoneum obtained. A data set was collected for each procedure and included port placement time, docking time, operative time, blood loss, and complications. Operative times were compared between cases and procedures by use of the Student t test. Results: A total of 28 surgical procedures (8 oophorectomies, 4 hysterectomies, 8 pelvic lymph node dissections, 4 aorto-caval nodal dissections, 2 bladder repairs, 1 uterine horn anastomosis, and 1 radical cystectomy) were performed. There was no statistically significant difference in operating times for symmetrical procedures among animals (P=0.3215). Conclusions: This animal study demonstrates that single-port robotic surgery using a dedicated single-site platform allows performing technically challenging procedures within acceptable operative times and without complications or insertion of additional trocars. PMID:21902962

  20. Allegato I -Bando di concorso per l'assegnazione di contributi finanziari per Tirocini Erasmus+ a.a. 2015/2016 CareerService -Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano | (+39) 02.2399.2599 | (+39) 02.2399.2133 | careerservice.intern

    E-print Network

    .a. 2015/2016 Update: 0 10/06/2015 CareerService - Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci 32 di Milano, Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano | (+39) 02.2399.2599 | (+39) 02Service - Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano | (+39) 02.2399.2599 | (+39) 02

  1. Leonardo da Vinci's drapery studies: characterization of lead white pigments by µ-XRD and 2D scanning XRF

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonzalez, Victor; Calligaro, Thomas; Pichon, Laurent; Wallez, Gilles; Mottin, Bruno

    2015-11-01

    This work focuses on the composition and microstructure of the lead white pigment employed in a set of paintworks, using a combination of µ-XRD and 2D scanning XRF, directly applied on five drapery studies attributed to Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) and conserved in the Département des Arts Graphiques, Musée du Louvre and in the Musée des Beaux- Arts de Rennes. Trace elements present in the composition as well as in the lead white highlights were imaged by 2D scanning XRF. Mineral phases were determined in a fully noninvasive way using a special µ-XRD diffractometer. Phase proportions were estimated by Rietveld refinement. The analytical results obtained will contribute to differentiate lead white qualities and to highlight the artist's technique.

  2. The oldest anatomical handmade skull of the world c. 1508: 'the ugliness of growing old' attributed to Leonardo da Vinci.

    PubMed

    Missinne, Stefaan J

    2014-06-01

    The author discusses a previously unknown early sixteenth-century renaissance handmade anatomical miniature skull. The small, naturalistic skull made from an agate (calcedonia) stone mixture (mistioni) shows remarkable osteologic details. Dr. Saban was the first to link the skull to Leonardo. The three-dimensional perspective of and the search for the senso comune are discussed. Anatomical errors both in the drawings of Leonardo and this skull are presented. The article ends with the issue of physiognomy, his grotesque faces, the Perspective Communis and his experimenting c. 1508 with the stone mixture and the human skull. Evidence, including the Italian scale based on Crazie and Braccia, chemical analysis leading to a mine in Volterra and Leonardo's search for the soul in the skull are presented. Written references in the inventory of Salai (1524), the inventory of the Villa Riposo (Raffaello Borghini 1584) and Don Ambrogio Mazenta (1635) are reviewed. The author attributes the skull c. 1508 to Leonardo da Vinci. PMID:24853982

  3. Leonardo da Vinci's drapery studies: characterization of lead white pigments by µ-XRD and 2D scanning XRF

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonzalez, Victor; Calligaro, Thomas; Pichon, Laurent; Wallez, Gilles; Mottin, Bruno

    2015-08-01

    This work focuses on the composition and microstructure of the lead white pigment employed in a set of paintworks, using a combination of µ-XRD and 2D scanning XRF, directly applied on five drapery studies attributed to Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) and conserved in the Département des Arts Graphiques, Musée du Louvre and in the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Rennes. Trace elements present in the composition as well as in the lead white highlights were imaged by 2D scanning XRF. Mineral phases were determined in a fully noninvasive way using a special µ-XRD diffractometer. Phase proportions were estimated by Rietveld refinement. The analytical results obtained will contribute to differentiate lead white qualities and to highlight the artist's technique.

  4. How did Leonardo perceive himself? Metric iconography of da Vinci's self-portraits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tyler, Christopher W.

    2010-02-01

    Some eighteen portraits are now recognized of Leonardo in old age, consolidating the impression from his bestestablished self-portrait of an old man with long white hair and beard. However, his appearance when younger is generally regarded as unknown, although he was described as very beautiful as a youth. Application of the principles of metric iconography, the study of the quantitative analysis of the painted images, provides an avenue for the identification of other portraits that may be proposed as valid portraits of Leonardo during various stages of his life, by himself and by his contemporaries. Overall, this approach identifies portraits of Leonardo by Verrocchio, Raphael, Botticelli, and others. Beyond this physiognomic analysis, Leonardo's first known drawing provides further insight into his core motivations. Topographic considerations make clear that the drawing is of the hills behind Vinci with a view overlooking the rocky promontory of the town and the plain stretching out before it. The outcroppings in the foreground bear a striking resemblance to those of his unique composition, 'The Virgin of the Rocks', suggesting a deep childhood appreciation of this wild terrain. and an identification with that religious man of the mountains, John the Baptist, who was also the topic of Leonardo's last known painting. Following this trail leads to a line of possible selfportraits continuing the age-regression concept back to a self view at about two years of age.

  5. 2D and 3D optical diagnostic techniques applied to Madonna dei Fusi by Leonardo da Vinci

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fontana, R.; Gambino, M. C.; Greco, M.; Marras, L.; Materazzi, M.; Pampaloni, E.; Pelagotti, A.; Pezzati, L.; Poggi, P.; Sanapo, C.

    2005-06-01

    3D measurement and modelling have been traditionally applied to statues, buildings, archeological sites or similar large structures, but rarely to paintings. Recently, however, 3D measurements have been performed successfully also on easel paintings, allowing to detect and document the painting's surface. We used 3D models to integrate the results of various 2D imaging techniques on a common reference frame. These applications show how the 3D shape information, complemented with 2D colour maps as well as with other types of sensory data, provide the most interesting information. The 3D data acquisition was carried out by means of two devices: a high-resolution laser micro-profilometer, composed of a commercial distance meter mounted on a scanning device, and a laser-line scanner. The 2D data acquisitions were carried out using a scanning device for simultaneous RGB colour imaging and IR reflectography, and a UV fluorescence multispectral image acquisition system. We present here the results of the techniques described, applied to the analysis of an important painting of the Italian Reinassance: `Madonna dei Fusi', attributed to Leonardo da Vinci.

  6. Michelangelo in Florence, Leonardo in Vinci.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herberholz, Barbara

    2003-01-01

    Provides background information on the lives and works of Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci. Focuses on the artwork of the artists and the museums where their work is displayed. Includes museum photographs of their work. (CMK)

  7. Universit di Pisa Scuola di dottorato in Ingegneria "Leonardo da Vinci"

    E-print Network

    Meini, Beatrice

    ) dal titolo: Displacement-Based Seismic Design of Structures Sommario. Il corso si propone di-BASED SEISMIC DESIGN OF STRUCTURES, di M.J.N. Priesltey, G.M. Calvi e M.J. Kowalsky, pubblicato nel 2007 da IUSS

  8. Peri-operative comparison between daVinci-assisted radical prostatectomy and open radical prostatectomy in obese patients

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Le, Carter Q.; Ho, Khai-Linh V.; Slezak, Jeffrey M.; Blute, Michael L.; Gettman, Matthew T.

    2007-02-01

    Introduction: While the effects of increasing body mass index on prostate cancer epidemiology and surgical approach have recently been studied, its effects on surgical outcomes are less clear. We studied the perioperative outcomes of obese (BMI >= 30) men treated with daVinci-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (DLP) and compared them to those treated with open radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) in a contemporary time frame. Method: After Institutional Review Board approval, we used the Mayo Clinic Radical Prostatectomy database to identify patients who had undergone DLP by a single surgeon and those who had undergone open RRP by a single surgeon between December 2002 and March 2005. Baseline demographics, peri- and post-operative courses, and complications were collected by retrospective chart review, and variables from the two cohorts compared using chi-square method and least-squares method of linear regression where appropriate. Results: 59 patients who had DLP and 76 undergoing RRP were available for study. Baseline demographics were not statistically different between the two cohorts. Although DLP had a significantly lower clinical stage than RRP (p=0.02), pathological stage was not statistically different (p=0.10). Transfusion rates, hospital stay, overall complications, and pathological Gleason were also not significantly different, nor were PSA progression, positive margin rate, or continence at 1 year. After bilateral nerve-sparing, erections suitable for intercourse with or without therapy at 1 year was 88.5% (23/26) for DLP and 61.2% (30/49) for RRP (p=0.01). Follow-up time was similar. Conclusion: For obese patients, DLP appears to have similar perioperative, as well as short-term oncologic and functional outcomes when compared to open RRP.

  9. Integrating Leonardo da Vinci's principles of demonstration, uncertainty, and cultivation in contemporary nursing education.

    PubMed

    Story, Lachel; Butts, Janie

    2014-03-01

    Nurses today are facing an ever changing health care system. Stimulated by health care reform and limited resources, nursing education is being challenged to prepare nurses for this uncertain environment. Looking to the past can offer possible solutions to the issues nursing education is confronting. Seven principles of da Vincian thinking have been identified (Gelb, 2004). As a follow-up to an exploration of the curiosità principle (Butts & Story, 2013), this article will explore the three principles of dimostrazione, sfumato, and corporalita. Nursing faculty can set the stage for a meaningful educational experience through these principles of demonstration (dimostrazione), uncertainty (sfumato), and cultivation (corporalita). Preparing nurses not only to manage but also to flourish in the current health care environment that will enhance the nurse's and patient's experience. PMID:23830068

  10. Placement of {sup 125}I implants with the da Vinci robotic system after video-assisted thoracoscopic wedge resection: A feasibility study

    SciTech Connect

    Pisch, Julianna . E-mail: jpisch@bethisraelny.org; Belsley, Scott J.; Ashton, Robert; Wang Lin; Woode, Rudolph; Connery, Cliff

    2004-11-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of using the da Vinci robotic system for radioactive seed placement in the wedge resection margin of pigs' lungs. Methods and materials: Video-assisted thoracoscopic wedge resection was performed in the upper and lower lobes in pigs. Dummy {sup 125}I seeds embedded in absorbable sutures were sewn into the resection margin with the aid of the da Vinci robotic system without complications. In the 'loop technique,' the seeds were placed in a cylindrical pattern; in the 'longitudinal,' they were above and lateral to the resection margin. Orthogonal radiographs were taken in the operating room. For dose calculation, Variseed 66.7 (Build 11312) software was used. Results: With looping seed placement, in the coronal view, the dose at 1 cm from the source was 97.0 Gy; in the lateral view it was 107.3 Gy. For longitudinal seed placement, the numbers were 89.5 Gy and 70.0 Gy, respectively. Conclusion: Robotic technology allows direct placement of radioactive seeds into the resection margin by endoscopic surgery. It overcomes the technical difficulties of manipulating in the narrow chest cavity. With the advent of robotic technology, new options in the treatment of lung cancer, as well as other malignant tumors, will become available.

  11. Elastography Using Multi-Stream GPU: An Application to Online Tracked Ultrasound Elastography, In-Vivo and the da Vinci Surgical System

    PubMed Central

    Deshmukh, Nishikant P.; Kang, Hyun Jae; Billings, Seth D.; Taylor, Russell H.; Hager, Gregory D.; Boctor, Emad M.

    2014-01-01

    A system for real-time ultrasound (US) elastography will advance interventions for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer by advancing methods such as thermal monitoring of tissue ablation. A multi-stream graphics processing unit (GPU) based accelerated normalized cross-correlation (NCC) elastography, with a maximum frame rate of 78 frames per second, is presented in this paper. A study of NCC window size is undertaken to determine the effect on frame rate and the quality of output elastography images. This paper also presents a novel system for Online Tracked Ultrasound Elastography (O-TRuE), which extends prior work on an offline method. By tracking the US probe with an electromagnetic (EM) tracker, the system selects in-plane radio frequency (RF) data frames for generating high quality elastograms. A novel method for evaluating the quality of an elastography output stream is presented, suggesting that O-TRuE generates more stable elastograms than generated by untracked, free-hand palpation. Since EM tracking cannot be used in all systems, an integration of real-time elastography and the da Vinci Surgical System is presented and evaluated for elastography stream quality based on our metric. The da Vinci surgical robot is outfitted with a laparoscopic US probe, and palpation motions are autonomously generated by customized software. It is found that a stable output stream can be achieved, which is affected by both the frequency and amplitude of palpation. The GPU framework is validated using data from in-vivo pig liver ablation; the generated elastography images identify the ablated region, outlined more clearly than in the corresponding B-mode US images. PMID:25541954

  12. Using Program Theory-Driven Evaluation Science to Crack the Da Vinci Code

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donaldson, Stewart I.

    2005-01-01

    Program theory-driven evaluation science uses substantive knowledge, as opposed to method proclivities, to guide program evaluations. It aspires to update, clarify, simplify, and make more accessible the evolving theory of evaluation practice commonly referred to as theory-driven or theory-based evaluation. The evaluator in this chapter provides a…

  13. The left ventricle as a mechanical engine: from Leonardo da Vinci to the echocardiographic assessment of peak power output-to-left ventricular mass.

    PubMed

    Dini, Frank L; Guarini, Giacinta; Ballo, Piercarlo; Carluccio, Erberto; Maiello, Maria; Capozza, Paola; Innelli, Pasquale; Rosa, Gian M; Palmiero, Pasquale; Galderisi, Maurizio; Razzolini, Renato; Nodari, Savina

    2013-03-01

    The interpretation of the heart as a mechanical engine dates back to the teachings of Leonardo da Vinci, who was the first to apply the laws of mechanics to the function of the heart. Similar to any mechanical engine, whose performance is proportional to the power generated with respect to weight, the left ventricle can be viewed as a power generator whose performance can be related to left ventricular mass. Stress echocardiography may provide valuable information on the relationship between cardiac performance and recruited left ventricular mass that may be used in distinguishing between adaptive and maladaptive left ventricular remodeling. Peak power output-to-mass, obtained during exercise or pharmacological stress echocardiography, is a measure that reflects the number of watts that are developed by 100 g of left ventricular mass under maximal stimulation. Power output-to-mass may be calculated as left ventricular power output per 100 g of left ventricular mass: 100× left ventricular power output divided by left ventricular mass (W/100 g). A simplified formula to calculate power output-to-mass is as follows: 0.222 × cardiac output (l/min) × mean blood pressure (mmHg)/left ventricular mass (g). When the integrity of myocardial structure is compromised, a mismatch becomes apparent between maximal cardiac power output and left ventricular mass; when this occurs, a reduction of the peak power output-to-mass index is observed. PMID:21934524

  14. Diameter determinations from VINCI using global

    E-print Network

    Meisner, Jeff

    Diameter determinations from VINCI using global calibration solutions Jeff Meisner, Sterrewacht of the numbers obtained) at: http://www.strw.leidenuniv.nl/~nevec/VINCI/meisner/ #12;Abstract VINCI is the test. Although intended as a test and commissioning instrument, VINCI has produced many scientifically useful

  15. '-> print _ profile VIRTUAL DA VINCI

    E-print Network

    Laidlaw, David

    ? Are the caves just about fancier videogames, or better cyber-porn? Well sure. As with most technological, the situation is extreme -- there is a sense in which our technology is leaving us behind. As Keefe explains

  16. Reforming Upper Secondary Education in Europe. The Leonardo da Vinci Project Post-16 Strategies. Surveys of Strategies for Post-16 Education To Improve the Parity of Esteem for Initial Vocational Education in Eight European Educational Systems. Theory into Practice 92. Institute for Educational Research Publication Series B.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lasonen, Johanna, Ed.

    This book contains the following papers on the Leonardo da Vinci project: "Looking for Post-16 Education Strategies for Parity of Esteem in Europe" (Lasonen); "Improving Parity of Esteem as a Policy Goal" (Makinen, Volanen); "Alternative Strategies for Parity of Esteem between General/Academic and Vocational Education in Europe" (Kamarainen);…

  17. What Is the Moral Imperative of Workplace Learning: Unlocking the DaVinci Code of Human Resource Development?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Short, Tom

    2006-01-01

    In the course of the author's doctoral study, he is exploring the strategic linkages between learning activities in the modern workplace and the long-term success they bring to organisations. For many years, this challenge has been the Holy Grail of human resource (HR) development practitioners, who invest heavily on training and professional…

  18. VINCI: the VLT Interferometer commissioning instrument

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kervella, Pierre; Coudé du Foresto, Vincent; Glindemann, Andreas; Hofmann, Reiner

    2000-07-01

    The Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) is a complex system, made of a large number of separated elements. To prepare an early successful operation, it will require a period of extensive testing and verification to ensure that the many devices involved work properly together, and can produce meaningful data. This paper describes the concept chosen for the VLTI commissioning instrument, LEONARDO da VINCI, and details its functionalities. It is a fiber based two-way beam combiner, associated with an artificial star and an alignment verification unit. The technical commissioning of the VLTI is foreseen as a stepwise process: fringes will first be obtained with the commissioning instrument in an autonomous mode (no other parts of the VLTI involved); then the VLTI telescopes and optical trains will be tested in autocollimation; finally fringes will be observed on the sky.

  19. ciclo di conferenze organizzato da Politecnico di Milano,

    E-print Network

    'Informazione, Corso di laurea in Ingegneria delle Telecomunicazioni, Liceo Scientifico Statale Leonardo da Vinci al di'Informazione Politecnico di Milano 02.2399.9714 quintafacolta@polimi.it Liceo Scientifico Statale Leonardo da Vinci Centro dello spazio, al di là del tempo Liceo Scientifico Statale Leonardo da Vinci Centro Congressi

  20. Tourism. Leonardo da Vinci Series: Good Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium). Directorate-General for Education and Culture.

    This brochure, part of a series about good practices in vocational training in the European Union, describes 10 projects that have promoted investment in human resources through training in the tourism sector to promote sustainable, or responsible, tourism. The projects and their countries of origin are as follows: (1) BEEFT, training of mobility…

  1. Diameter determinations from VINCI using global calibration solutions

    E-print Network

    Meisner, Jeff

    Diameter determinations from VINCI using global calibration solutions Je#11;rey Meisner Leiden Observatory Summary. Although primarily built for testing and alignment purposes, the K band instrument VINCI of a global analysis of the entire VINCI data archive. A visibility estimator using coherent integration has

  2. Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms

    E-print Network

    Picco, Gian Pietro

    Milano Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32 20133 Milano, Italy +39­2­2399­3638 carzaniga@elet.polimi.it Gian@athena.polito.it Giovanni Vigna Politecnico di Milano Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32 20133 Milano, Italy +39­2­2399­3666 vigna

  3. Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms

    E-print Network

    Carzaniga, Antonio

    Milano Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32 20133 Milano, Italy +39-2-2399-3638 carzaniga@elet.polimi.it Gian@athena.polito.it Giovanni Vigna Politecnico di Milano Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32 20133 Milano, Italy +39-2-2399-3666 vigna

  4. Scienti c and technical results from VINCI using coherent estimation of fringe visibility

    E-print Network

    Meisner, Jeff

    Scienti#12;c and technical results from VINCI using coherent estimation of fringe visibility #3; J instrument in order to commission the VLTI, VINCI has taken useful scienti#12;c data in its #12;rst year cycle. Keywords: Stellar interferometry, coherent integration, phase, VINCI, VLTI 1. Introduction VINCI

  5. VINCI / VLTI observations of Main Sequence stars

    E-print Network

    P. Kervella; F. Thevenin; P. Morel; J. Provost; G. Berthomieu; D. Segransan; D. Queloz; P. Borde; E. Di Folco; T. Forveille

    2003-09-29

    Main Sequence (MS) stars are by far the most numerous class in the Universe. They are often somewhat neglected as they are relatively quiet objects (but exceptions exist), though they bear testimony of the past and future of our Sun. An important characteristic of the MS stars, particularly the solar-type ones, is that they host the large majority of the known extrasolar planets. Moreover, at the bottom of the MS, the red M dwarfs pave the way to understanding the physics of brown dwarfs and giant planets. We have measured very precise angular diameters from recent VINCI/VLTI interferometric observations of a number of MS stars in the K band, with spectral types between A1V and M5.5V. They already cover a wide range of effective temperatures and radii. Combined with precise Hipparcos parallaxes, photometry, spectroscopy as well as the asteroseismic information available for some of these stars, the angular diameters put strong constraints on the detailed models of these stars, and therefore on the physical processes at play.

  6. Web Text Corpus for Natural Language Processing Vinci Liu and James R. Curran

    E-print Network

    Curran, James R.

    Web Text Corpus for Natural Language Processing Vinci Liu and James R. Curran School of Information Technologies University of Sydney NSW 2006, Australia {vinci,james}@it.usyd.edu.au Abstract Web text has been

  7. Diameter Determinations from VINCI Using Global Calibration Solutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meisner, Jeffrey

    Although primarily built for testing and alignment purposes, the K band instrument VINCI at the VLTI has produced numerous scientific results on individual targets. The present work consists of a global analysis of the entire VINCI data archive. A visibility estimator using coherent integration has successfully obtained some 15500 raw visibilities on 293 objects. Those results are interpreted using a global solution algorithm which simultaneously solves for calibration (transfer function) fluctuations and for stellar diameters. Stars which do not follow the standard uniform disk visibility curve are automatically or manually flagged and are avoided in the solutions for nightly calibrations

  8. VINCI: The first interferometric instrument at the VLTI, its success story, and technical lessons learned

    E-print Network

    Meisner, Jeff

    VINCI: The first interferometric instrument at the VLTI, its success story, and technical lessons VINCI was the first interferometric instrument implemented at the VLTI, intended primarily as a test approaches in the design of VINCI helped guard against failure of the hardware or data analysis, however

  9. Scientific Aspects of Leonardo da Vinci's Drawings: An Interdisciplinary Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Struthers, Sally A.

    While interdisciplinary courses can help demonstrate the relevance of learning to students and reinforce education from different fields, they can be difficult to implement and are often not cost effective. An interdisciplinary art history course at Ohio's Sinclair Community College incorporates science into the art history curriculum, making use…

  10. Possible role of DaVinci Robot in uterine transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Iavazzo, Christos; Gkegkes, Ioannis D.

    2015-01-01

    Minimally invasive surgery, specifically robotic surgery, became a common technique used by gynecological surgeons over the last decade. The realization of the first human uterine transplantation commenced new perspectives in the treatment of uterine agenesia or infertility in women with history of hysterectomy at a young age. Robot-assisted technique may enhance the safety of the procedure by facilitating the microvascular anastomosis, vaginal anastomosis, and ligaments’ fixation. This study proposes the formation of a multicenter collaboration group to organize a protocol with the aim to clarify the possible role of robotic surgery in uterine transplantation. PMID:26401113

  11. Leonardo Da Vinci, the genius and the monsters. Casual encounters?

    PubMed

    Ciseri, Lorenzo Montemagno

    2014-01-01

    This article analyses Leonardo's interest in monsters and deformed reality, one of the lesser known aspects of his vast and multifaceted output. With the possible exception of his studies of physiognomy, relevant drawings, sketches and short stories represent a marginal aspect of his work, but they are nevertheless significant for historians of teratology. The purpose of this study is to provide a broad overview of the relationship between Leonardo and both the literature on mythological monsters and the reports on monstrous births that he either read about or witnessed personally. While aspects of his appreciation and attention to beauty and the pursuit of perfection and good proportions are the elements most emphasised in Leonardo's work, other no less interesting aspects related to deformity have been considered of marginal importance. My analysis will demonstrate that Leonardo approached the realm of monstrosity as if he considered abnormality a mirror of normality, deformity a mirror of harmony, and disease a mirror of health, as if to emphasise that, ultimately, it is the monster that gives the world the gift of normality. Two special cases of monstrosity are analysed: the famous monster of Ravenna, whose image was found among his papers, and a very rare case of parasitic conjoined twins (thoracopagus parasiticus) portrayed for the first time alive, probably in Florence, by Leonardo himself. PMID:25702382

  12. The PAKY, HERMES, AESOP, ZEUS, and da Vinci robotic systems.

    PubMed

    Kim, Hyung L; Schulam, Peter

    2004-11-01

    In 1965 Gordon Moore, cofounder of Intel Corporation, made his famous observation now known as Moore's law. He predicted that computing capacity will double every 18 to 24 months. Since then, Moore's law has held true; the number of transistors per integrated computer circuit has doubled every couple of years. This relentless advance in computer technology ensures future advances in robotic technology. The ultimate goal of robotics is to allow surgeons to perform difficult procedures with a level of precision and improved clinical outcomes not possible by conventional methods. Robotics has the potential to enable surgeons with various levels of surgical skill to achieve a uniform outcome. As long as urologists continue to embrace technological advances and incorporate beneficial technology into their practice, the outlook for patients remains bright. PMID:15474593

  13. Distance Learning. Leonardo da Vinci Series: Good Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium). Directorate-General for Education and Culture.

    This brochure, part of a series about good practices in vocational training in the European Union, describes 12 projects that use distance learning to promote lifelong learning in adults. The projects and their countries of origin are as follows: (1) 3D Project, training in the use of IT tools for 3D simulation and animation and practical…

  14. MONA, LISA and VINCI Soon Ready to Travel to Paranal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2000-11-01

    First Instruments for the VLT Interferometer Summary A few months from now, light from celestial objects will be directed for the first time towards ESO's Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) at the Paranal Observatory (Chile). During this "First Light" event and the subsequent test phase, the light will be recorded with a special test instrument, VINCI (VLT INterferometer Commissioning Instrument). The main components of this high-tech instrument are aptly named MONA (a system that combines the light beams from several telescopes by means of optical fibers) and LISA (the infrared camera). VINCI was designed and constructed within a fruitful collaboration between ESO and several research institutes and industrial companies in France and Germany . It is now being assembled at the ESO Headquarters in Garching (Germany) and will soon be ready for installation at the telescope on Paranal. With the VLTI and VINCI, Europe's astronomers are now entering the first, crucial phase of an exciting scientific and technology venture that will ultimately put the world's most powerful optical/IR interferometric facility in their hands . PR Photo 31/00 : VINCI during tests at the ESO Headquarters in Garching. The VLT Interferometer (VLTI) ESO Press Photo 31/00 ESO Press Photo 31/00 [Preview; JPEG: 400 x 301; 43k] [Normal; JPEG: 800 x 602;208xk] [Full-Res; JPEG: 1923 x 1448; 2.2Mb] PR Photo 31/00 shows the various components of the complex VINCI instrument for the VLT Interferometer , during the current tests at the Optical Laboratory at the ESO Headquarters in Garching (Germany). It will later be installed in "clean-room" conditions within the Interferometric Laboratory at the Paranal Observatory. This electronic photo was obtained for documentary purposes. VINCI (VLT INterferometer Commissioning Instrument) is the "First Light" instrument for the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) at the Paranal Observatory (Chile). Early in 2001, it will be used for the first tests of this very complex system. Subsequently, it will serve to tune this key research facility to the highest possible performance. The VLTI is based on the combination of light (beams) from the telescopes at Paranal. Of these, the four 8.2-m Unit Telescopes are already in operation - they will soon be joined by three 1.8-m telescopes that can be relocated on rails, cf. PR Photo 43b/99. By means of a system of mirrors, the light from two or more of these telescopes will be guided to the central Interferometric Laboratory , at the center of the observing platform on Paranal. Information about the heart of this complex system, the Delay Lines that are located in the underground Interferometric Tunnel, is available with the recent ESO PR Photos 26a-e/00. The VLTI will later receive other front-line instruments, e.g. AMBER , MIDI and PRIMA. When fully ready some years from now, the VLTI will produce extremely sharp images. This will have a major impact on different types of exciting astronomical observations, e.g.: * the direct discovery and imaging of extra-solar planets comparable to Jupiter, * the discovery and imaging of low-mass stars such as brown dwarfs, * observations of star-forming regions and to better understand the physical processes that give birth to stars, * spectral analysis of the atmospheres of nearby stars, and * imaging the objects of the very core of our Galaxy and the detection of black holes in active nuclei of galaxies. The VINCI test instrument The new instrument, VINCI , will soon be delivered to Paranal by the Département de Recherche Spatiale (Department for Space Research), a joint unit of the Centre Nationale de la Recherche Scientifique (French National Centre for Scientific Research) and the Paris Observatory. VINCI is a functional copy of the FLUOR instrument - now at the IOTA (Infrared Optical Telescope Array) interferometer - that has been upgraded and adapted to the needs of the VLTI. FLUOR was developed by the Département de Recherche Spatiale (DESPA) of the Paris Observatory. It was used in 1991 at

  15. The diameters of Alpha Centauri A and B - A comparison of the asteroseismic and VINCI/VLTI views

    E-print Network

    P. Kervella; F. Thevenin; D. Segransan; G. Berthomieu; B. Lopez; P. Morel; J. Provost

    2003-03-29

    We compare the first direct angular diameter measurements obtained on our closest stellar neighbour, Alpha Centauri, to recent model diameters constrained by asteroseismic observations. Using the VINCI instrument installed at ESO's VLT Interferometer (VLTI), the angular diameters of the two main components of the system, Alpha Cen A and B, were measured with a relative precision of 0.2% and 0.6%, respectively. Particular care has been taken in the calibration of these measurements, considering that VINCI is estimating the fringe visibility using a broadband K filter. We obtain uniform disk angular diameters for Alpha Cen A and B of UD[A] = 8.314 +/- 0.016 mas and UD[B] = 5.856 +/- 0.027 mas, and limb darkened angular diameters of LD[A] = 8.511 +/- 0.020 mas and LD[B] = 6.001 +/- 0.034 mas. Combining these values with the parallax from Soderhjelm (1999), we derive linear diameters of D[A] = 1.224 +/- 0.003 Dsun and D[B] = 0.863 +/- 0.005 Dsun. These values are compatible with the masses published by Thevenin et al.(2002) for both stars.

  16. Algorithms for Storytelling Deept Kumar

    E-print Network

    Ramakrishnan, Naren

    Christianity's Hidden Goddess Rick Steves' London Holy Blood Holy Grail Da Vinci Code Codebreakers Y G R M B ways of defining the singleton set {`The Da Vinci Code'}. The basic premise of redescription mining

  17. Interferometric observations of eta Carinae with VINCI/VLTI

    E-print Network

    Pierre Kervella

    2006-12-11

    Context: The bright star eta Carinae is the most massive and luminous star in our region of the Milky Way. Though it has been extensively studied using many different techniques, its physical nature and the mechanism that led to the creation of the Homunculus nebula are still debated. Aims: We aimed at resolving the central engine of the eta Carinae complex in the near-infrared on angular scales of a few milliarcseconds. Methods: We used the VINCI instrument of the VLTI to recombine coherently the light from two telescopes in the K band. Results: We report a total of 142 visibility measurements of eta Car, part of which were analyzed by Van Boekel et al. (2003). These observations were carried out on projected baselines ranging from 8 to 112 meters in length, using either two 0.35 m siderostats or two 8-meter Unit Telescopes. These observations cover the November 2001 - January 2004 period. Conclusions: The reported visibility data are in satisfactory agreement with the recent results obtained with AMBER/VLTI by Weigelt et al. (2006), asuming that the flux of eta Car encircled within 70 mas reaches 56% of the total flux within 1400 mas, in the K band. We also confirm that the squared visibility curve of eta Car as a function of spatial frequency follows closely an exponential model.

  18. Visual Analysis of Conflicting Opinions Chaomei Chen

    E-print Network

    Chen, Chaomei

    University, USA Figure 1: Conflicting reviews of The Da Vinci Code: 1,738 positive (green) and 918 negative,000 Amazon customer reviews of the controversial bestseller The Da Vinci Code, including 1,738 positive domains [1]. Reviews of a controversial bestseller book such as The Da Vinci Code carry the hallmark

  19. Leonardo da EmileTruijen

    E-print Network

    Stevin Lect. room B Isaac Newton Lect. room C Daniel Bernoulli Lect. room D James Wa L.r.JCoenraad Stork L laboratories Departments Levels A Leonardo da Vinci - 6 gf B Isaac Newton - 6 gf C Daniel Bernoulli - 6 gf D

  20. Words and Word Usage: Newspaper Text versus the Web Vinci Liu and James R. Curran

    E-print Network

    Curran, James R.

    Words and Word Usage: Newspaper Text versus the Web Vinci Liu and James R. Curran School is the primary representation of a language from which algorithms extract in- formation and build linguistic of English or any other language, it must incorporate samples across all usage of the target language

  1. Words and Word Usage: Newspaper Text versus the Web Vinci Liu and James R. Curran

    E-print Network

    Curran, James R.

    Words and Word Usage: Newspaper Text versus the Web Vinci Liu and James R. Curran School#erent nlp tasks. 1 Introduction In corpus­based Natural Language Processing (nlp), the corpus is the primary specified criteria. If a corpus is intended to be used for study of English or any other language, it must

  2. Overview of the Development Progress of the Ariane 5 Upper Stage VINCI Engine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alliot, P.; Dalbies, E.

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present the major results of the VINCI engine development program at mid-2002. The VINCI engine will power the Ariane 5 ESC-B upper stage and will contribute to provide a 12 t payload capability in geo-stationary transfer orbit to the Ariane 5 launch system. It will also provide a multiple firing capability and therefore the potential to perform a broad array of missions. The VINCI engine is a cryogenic expander cycle engine combining the required features of this cycle, i.e. high performance chamber cooling and high performance hydrogen turbopump, with proven design concepts based on the accumulated experience from previous European cryogenic engines such as the HM7 and the Vulcain. High performance along with a constant focus on reliability, low cost and simplicity of architecture are the design goals of the VINCI program. The proposed paper will recall how the engine design choices were made taking into account these sometimes potentially conflicting criteria and using design to cost methods. The paper will also present the major achievements of the program over the 2001 - 2002 period, i.e. the completion of the engine detailed design, the manufacturing of the first subsystems, the first component and subsystem tests.

  3. VLTI/VINCI diameter constraints on the evolutionary status of delta Eri, xi Hya, eta Boo

    E-print Network

    Frederic Thévenin; Pierre Kervella; Bernard Pichon; Pierre Morel; Emmanuel Difolco; Yveline Lebreton

    2005-01-19

    Using VLTI/VINCI angular diameter measurements, we constrain the evolutionary status of three asteroseismic targets: the stars $\\delta$ Eri, $\\xi$ Hya, $\\eta$ Boo. Our predictions of the mean large frequency spacing of these stars are in agreement with published observational estimations. Looking without success for a companion of $\\delta$ Eri we doubt on its classification as an RS CVn star.

  4. 78 FR 58376 - American Asset Development, Inc., aVinci Media Corp., Ceragenix Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Marshall...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION American Asset Development, Inc., aVinci Media Corp., Ceragenix Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Marshall... Pharmaceuticals, Inc. because it has not filed any periodic reports since the period ended December 31, 2009....

  5. Leonardo da Vinci, 1452-1519 Perhaps the smartest person ever

    E-print Network

    Ballarini, Roberto

    Ambrosiana di Milano) #12;Wheel for studies on the impossibility of perpetual motion (Codex Forster II, folio Codex Ashburnham (Institute de France, Paris) #12;Firearm with screw elevating gear (Codex Atlanticus

  6. [Quality control in the implementation of new surgical procedures: Da Vinci robot-assisted systems].

    PubMed

    Niegisch, G; Rabenalt, R; Albers, P

    2011-10-01

    Robot assistance in the surgical treatment of urological malignancies is gaining increasing importance. As is the case in already established surgical procedures, the quality of robot-assisted surgery needs to be controlled and evaluated by appropriate measures. Baseline-parameters of treated patients should be documented precisely. General and operation type-specific parameters should be evaluated in short- as well as in mid-term follow-up. Appropriate and validated instruments should be used. Only by using these measures will it be possible to compare robot-assisted procedures of different institutions and historical data of conventional surgery with regard to oncological and functional efficacy. PMID:21800194

  7. Moving towards Optimising Demand-Led Learning: The 2005-2007 ECUANET Leonardo Da Vinci Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dealtry, Richard; Howard, Keith

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present the key project learning points and outcomes as a guideline for the future quality management of demand-led learning and development. Design/methodology/approach: The research methodology was based upon a corporate university blueprint architecture and browser toolkit developed by a member of the…

  8. Back to the Drawing Board Reconstructing DaVinci's Vitruvian Man to Teach Anatomy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Babaian, C.

    2009-01-01

    In today's high tech world, one hardly expects to see the original chalkboard or blackboard utilized in research, teaching, or scientific communication, but having spent an equal number of years doing both art and biology and dabbling in computer graphics, the author has found the simple technology of the chalkboard and chalk to have incredible…

  9. In Pursuit of Social Betterment: A Proposal to Evaluate the Da Vinci Learning Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Gary T.

    2005-01-01

    The author presents a proposal that is roughly based on a contingency-based theory of evaluation developed in his book, "Evaluation: An Integrated Framework for Understanding, Guiding, and Improving Policies and Programs" (Mark, Henry, and Julnes, 2000). He and his coauthors stated in this book that social betterment was the ultimate goal of…

  10. Depth of Monocular Elements in a Binocular Scene: The Conditions for da Vinci Stereopsis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Michael; Gillam, Barbara

    2004-01-01

    Quantitative depth based on binocular resolution of visibility constraints is demonstrated in a novel stereogram representing an object, visible to 1 eye only, and seen through an aperture or camouflaged against a background. The monocular region in the display is attached to the binocular region, so that the stereogram represents an object which…

  11. Building Skills and Qualifications among SME Employees. Leonardo da Vinci Good Practices Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium). Directorate-General for Education and Culture.

    This document profiles 10 European programs that exemplify good practice in building skills and qualifications among employees of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). The programs profiled are as follows: (1) TRICTSME (a program providing World Wide Web-based information and communication technologies training for SMEs in manufacturing); (2)…

  12. Social and Occupational Integration of Disadvantaged People. Leonardo da Vinci Good Practices Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium). Directorate-General for Education and Culture.

    This document profiles nine European programs that exemplify good practice in social and occupational integration of disadvantaged people. The programs profiled are as follows: (1) Restaurant Venezia (a CD-ROM program to improve the reading and writing skills of young people in Luxembourg who have learning difficulties); (2) an integrated…

  13. Tests of stellar model atmospheres by optical interferometry IV: VINCI interferometry and UVES spectroscopy of Menkar

    E-print Network

    M. Wittkowski; J. P. Aufdenberg; T. Driebe; V. Roccatagliata; T. Szeifert; B. Wolff

    2006-10-05

    We present K-band interferometric and optical spectroscopic observations of Menkar obtained with the instruments VINCI and UVES at Paranal Observatory. Spherically symmetric PHOENIX stellar model atmospheres are constrained by comparison to our interferometric and spectroscopic data, and high-precision fundamental parameters of Menkar are obtained. Our high-precision VLTI/VINCI observations in the first and second lobes of the visibility function directly probe the model-predicted strength of the limb darkening effect in the K-band and the stellar angular diameter. The high spectral resolution of UVES allows us to confront observed and model-predicted profiles of atomic lines and molecular bands. We show that our derived PHOENIX model atmosphere for Menkar is consistent with both the measured strength of the limb-darkening in the near-infrared K-band and the profiles of spectral bands around selected atomic lines and TiO bandheads. At the detailed level of our high spectral resolution, however, noticeable discrepancies between observed and synthetic spectra exist. We obtain a Rosseland angular diameter of Theta_Ross=12.20 mas pm 0.04 mas. Together with the Hipparcos parallax, it corresponds to R_Ross=89 pm 5 R_sun, and together with the bolometric flux to T_eff=3795 K pm 70 K.Our approach illustrates the power of combining interferometry and high-resolution spectroscopy to constrain and calibrate stellar model atmospheres. The simultaneous agreement of the model atmosphere with our interferometric and spectroscopic data increases confidence in the reliability of the modelling of this star, while discrepancies at the detailed level of the high resolution spectra can be used to further improve the underlying model.

  14. Spectroscopic and Interferometric Tests of Stellar Atmosphere Models: UVES and VINCI Measurements of the M-giant ? Cet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roccatagliata, V.; Wittkowski, M.; Aufdenberg, J. P.; Driebe, T.; Wolff, B.; Paresce, F.

    We present VLT/UVES spectroscopic and VLTI/VINCI interferometric observations of the cool giant ? Cet (M2 III). Spherically symmetric PHOENIXstellar atmosphere models are tested by comparison with our spectroscopic and interferometric observations. The high spectral resolution of UVES allows us to constrain the effective temperature and the surface gravity of the star by comparing observed and model predicted bands that are temperature and gravity indicators. High angular resolution and high precision VLTI/VINCI observations directly measure the strength of the limb darkening effect of ? Cet in the K-band. We derive fundamental stellar parameters, namely a Rosseland diameter of 12.08±0.18 mas corresponding to a Rosseland linear radius of 88±6 R?, and an effective temperature of 3805+95 -109 K, using the Hipparcos parallax and the bolometric flux.

  15. Data reduction methods for single-mode optical interferometry - Application to the VLTI two-telescopes beam combiner VINCI

    E-print Network

    P. Kervella; D. Segransan; V. Coude du Foresto

    2004-06-28

    The interferometric data processing methods that we describe in this paper use a number of innovative techniques. In particular, the implementation of the wavelet transform allows us to obtain a good immunity of the fringe processing to false detections and large amplitude perturbations by the atmospheric piston effect, through a careful, automated selection of the interferograms. To demonstrate the data reduction procedure, we describe the processing and calibration of a sample of stellar data from the VINCI beam combiner. Starting from the raw data, we derive the angular diameter of the dwarf star Alpha Cen A. Although these methods have been developed specifically for VINCI, they are easily applicable to other single-mode beam combiners, and to spectrally dispersed fringes.

  16. The K-band intensity profile of R Leonis probed by VLTI/VINCI

    E-print Network

    D. Fedele; M. Wittkowski; F. Paresce; M. Scholz; P. R. Wood; S. Ciroi

    2004-11-05

    We present near-infrared K-band interferometric measurements of the Mira star R Leonis obtained in April 2001 and January 2002 with the VLTI, the commissioning instrument VINCI, and the two test siderostats. These epochs correspond to near-maximum stellar variability phases $\\sim$ 0.08 and $\\sim$ 1.02 (one cycle later), respectively. The April 2001 data cover a range of spatial frequencies (31--35 cycles/arcsecond) within the first lobe of the visibility function. These measurements indicate a center-to-limb intensity variation (CLV) that is clearly different from a uniform disk (UD) intensity profile. We show that these measured visibility values are consistent with predictions from recent self-excited dynamic Mira model atmospheres that include molecular shells close to continuum-forming layers. We derive high-precision Rosseland diameters of 28.5 +/- 0.4 mas and 26.2 +/- 0.8 mas for the April 2001 and January 2002 data, respectively. Together with literature estimates of the distance and the bolometric flux, these values correspond to linear radii of 350^{+50}_{-40}R$_\\odot$ and 320^{+50}_{-40}R$_\\odot$, and to effective temperatures of 2930 +/- 270K and 3080 +/- 310K, respectively.

  17. VINCI-VLTI measurements of HR 4049: the physical size of the circumbinary envelope

    E-print Network

    Simone Antoniucci; Francesco Paresce; Markus Wittkowski

    2004-11-05

    We present the first detection of the envelope which surrounds the post-AGB binary source HR 4049. VINCI-VLTI K-band interferometric observations of this source imply the existence of a large structure with a Gaussian angular FWHM 22.4 +/- 1.4 mas or uniform disk diameter of 34.9 +/- 1.9 mas. With the Hipparcos parallax of 1.50 +/- 0.64 mas these values correspond to a physical size of 14.9 (+11.1,-4.4) AU and 23.3 (+17.3,-7.0) AU, respectively. Our measurements, covering an azimuth range of about 60 degrees, for the sky-projected baseline, provide information on the geometry of the emitting region and show that there is only a slight variation of the measured angular values along the different directions sampled. Thus, our results are consistent with a spherical geometry of the envelope. However, we cannot completely rule out the existence of an asymmetric envelope (like the circumbinary disk envisaged by some recent models) because of the limited spatial frequency and azimuth range covered by the observations.

  18. VLTI/VINCI observations of the nucleus of NGC 1068 using the adaptive optics system MACAO

    E-print Network

    M. Wittkowski; P. Kervella; R. Arsenault; F. Paresce; T. Beckert; G. Weigelt

    2004-03-20

    We present the first near-infrared K-band long-baseline interferometric measurement of the prototype Seyfert 2 galaxy NGC 1068 with resolution lambda/B \\~ 10 mas obtained with the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) and the two 8.2m Unit Telescopes UT2 and UT3. The adaptive optics system MACAO was employed to deliver wavefront-corrected beams to the K-band commissioning instrument VINCI. A squared visibility amplitude of 16.3 +/- 4.3 % was measured for NGC 1068 at a sky-projected baseline length of 45.8 m and azimuth angle 44.9 deg. This value corresponds to a FWHM of the K-band intensity distribution of 5.0 +/- 0.5 mas (0.4 +/- 0.04 pc) at the distance of NGC 1068) if it consists of a single Gaussian component. Taking into account K-band speckle interferometry observations (Wittkowski et al. 1998; Weinberger et al. 1999; Weigelt et al. 2004), we favor a multi-component model for the intensity distribution where a part of the flux originates from scales clearly smaller than about 5 mas (<0.4 pc), and another part of the flux from larger scales. The K-band emission from the small (< 5 mas) scales might arise from substructure of the dusty nuclear torus, or directly from the central accretion flow viewed through only moderate extinction.

  19. Interferometric Observations of the Mira Star o Ceti with the VLTI/VINCI Instrument in the Near-Infrared

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Driebe, T.; Woodruff, H. C.; Eberhardt, M.; Hofmann, K.-H.; Ohnaka, K.; Richichi, A.; Schertl, D.; Schöller, M.; Scholz, M.; Weigelt, G.; Wittkowski, M.; Wood, P. R.

    We present K-band commissioning observations of the Mira star prototype o Cet obtained at the ESO Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) with the VINCI instrument and two siderostats mounted to the VLTI stations EO and GO, forming an unprojected baseline length of 16 m. Rosseland angular radii were derived from the measured visibilities by fitting theoretical visibility functions obtained from center-to-limb intensity variations (CLVs) of different Mira star models, and the phase dependence of the visibility function and the apparent diameter have been investigated. Comparison of the derived Rosseland radii, effective temperatures, and the shape of the observed visibility functions with model predictions suggests that o Cet is a fundamental mode pulsator.

  20. Compacting XML Data: Zhang, Dyreson, Dang Compacting XML Data

    E-print Network

    Dyreson, Curtis

    Compacting XML Data: Zhang, Dyreson, Dang Compacting XML Data Shuohao Zhang, Curtis Dyreson and Zhe XML Data: Zhang, Dyreson, Dang Book Data Doubleday The Da Vinci Code: Zhang, Dyreson, Dang Same Data, Different Structure Doubleday The Da

  1. Tests of stellar model atmospheres by optical interferometry III: NPOI and VINCI interferometry of the M0 giant gamma Sge covering 0.5 - 2.2 microns

    E-print Network

    M. Wittkowski; C. A. Hummel; J. P. Aufdenberg; V. Roccatagliata

    2006-10-05

    Aims: We present a comparison of the visual and NIR intensity profile of the M0 giant gamma Sagittae to plane-parallel ATLAS 9 as well as to plane-parallel & spherical PHOENIX model atmospheres. Methods: We use previously described visual interferometric data obtained with the NPOI in July 2000. We apply the recently developed technique of coherent integration, and thereby obtain visibility data of more spectral channels and with higher precision than before. In addition, we employ new measurements of the K-band diameter of gamma Sagittae obtained with the instrument VINCI at the VLTI in 2002. Results: The spherical PHOENIX model leads to a precise definition of the Rosseland angular diameter and a consistent high-precision diameter value for our NPOI and VLTI/VINCI data sets of Theta_Ross=6.06 pm 0.02 mas, with the Hipparcos parallax corresponding to R_Ross=55 pm 4 R_sun, and with the bolometric flux corresponding to an effective temperature T_eff=3805 pm 55 K. Our visual visibility data close to the first minimum and in the second lobe constrain the limb-darkening effect and are generally consistent with the model atmosphere predictions. The visual closure phases exhibit a smooth transition between 0 and pi. Conclusions: The agreement between the NPOI and VINCI diameter values increases the confidence in the model atmosphere predictions from optical to NIR wavelengths as well as in the calibration and accuracy of both interferometric facilities. The consistent night-by-night diameter values of VINCI give additional confidence in the given uncertainties. The closure phases suggest a slight deviation from circular symmetry, which may be due to surface features, an asymmetric extended layer, or a faint unknown companion.

  2. Interferometric observations of the Mira star o Ceti with the VLTI/VINCI instrument in the near-infrared

    E-print Network

    H. C. Woodruff; M. Eberhardt; T. Driebe; K. -H. Hofmann; K. Ohnaka; A. Richichi; D. Schertl; M. Schoeller; M. Scholz; G. Weigelt; M. Wittkowski; P. R. Wood

    2004-04-13

    We present K-band commissioning observations of the Mira star prototype o Cet obtained at the ESO Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) with the VINCI instrument and two siderostats. The observations were carried out between 2001 October and December, in 2002 January and December, and in 2003 January. Rosseland angular radii are derived from the measured visibilities by fitting theoretical visibility functions obtained from center-to-limb intensity variations (CLVs) of Mira star models (Bessel et al. 1996, Hofmann et al. 1998, Tej et al. 2003). Using the derived Rosseland angular radii and the SEDs reconstructed from available photometric and spectrophotometric data, we find effective temperatures ranging from T_eff=3192 +/- 200 K at phase phi=0.13 to 2918 +/- 183 K at phi=0.26. Comparison of these Rosseland radii, effective temperatures, and the shape of the observed visibility functions with model predictions suggests that o Cet is a fundamental mode pulsator. Furthermore, we investigated the variation of visibility function and diameter with phase. The Rosseland angular diameter of o Cet increased from 28.9 +/- 0.3 mas (corresponding to a Rosseland radius of 332 +/- 38 R_sun for a distance of D=107 +/- 12 pc) at phi=0.13 to 34.9 +/- 0.4 mas (402 +/- 46 R_sun) at phi=0.4. The error of the Rosseland linear radius almost entirely results from the error of the parallax, since the error of the angular diameter is only approximately 1 %.

  3. Cepheid distances from infrared long-baseline interferometry - I. VINCI/VLTI observations of seven Galactic Cepheids

    E-print Network

    P. Kervella; N. Nardetto; D. Bersier; D. Mourard; V. Coude du Foresto

    2003-12-09

    We report the angular diameter measurements of seven classical Cepheids (X Sgr, eta Aql, W Sgr, zeta Gem, beta Dor, Y Oph and L Car) that we have obtained with the VINCI instrument, installed at ESO's VLT Interferometer (VLTI). We also present reprocessed archive data obtained with the FLUOR/IOTA instrument on zeta Gem, in order to improve the phase coverage of our observations. We obtain average limb darkened angular diameter values of LD(X Sgr) = 1.471 +/- 0.033 mas, LD(eta Aql) = 1.839 +/- 0.028 mas, LD(W Sgr) = 1.312 +/- 0.029 mas, LD(beta Dor) = 1.891 +/- 0.024 mas, LD(zeta Gem) =1.747 +/- 0.061 mas, LD(Y Oph) = 1.437 +/- 0.040 mas and LD(L Car) = 2.988 +/- 0.012 mas. For four of these stars (eta Aql, W Sgr, beta Dor, and L Car) we detect the pulsational variation of their angular diameter. This enables us to compute directly their distances, using a modified version of the Baade-Wesselink method: d(eta Aql) = 276 [+55 -38] pc, d(W Sgr) = 379 [+216 -130] pc, d(beta Dor) = 345 [+175 -80] pc, d(L Car) = 603 [+24 -19] pc. The stated error bars are statistical in nature. Applying a hybrid method, that makes use of the Gieren et al. (1998) Period-Radius relation to estimate the linear diameters, we obtain the following distances (statistical and systematic error bars are mentioned): d(X Sgr) = 324 +/- 7 +/- 17 pc, d(eta Aql) = 264 +/- 4 +/- 14 pc, d(W Sgr) = 386 +/- 9 +/- 21 pc, d(beta Dor) = 326 +/- 4 +/- 19 pc, d(zeta Gem) = 360 +/- 13 +/- 22 pc, d(Y Oph) = 648 +/- 17 +/- 47 pc and d(L Car) = 542 +/- 2 +/- 49 pc.

  4. Coding theory basics Toric codes

    E-print Network

    Little, John B.

    Coding theory basics Toric codes Tools from the toric world Higher-dimensional polytopes and Vandermonde matrices Toric Varieties in Error-Control Coding Theory Math in the Mountains Tutorial John B. Little Toric Varieties in Coding Theory #12;Coding theory basics Toric codes Tools from the toric world

  5. Direct diameter measurement of a star filling its Roche Lobe: The semi-detached binary SS Leporis spatially resolved with VINCI/VLTI

    E-print Network

    T. Verhoelst; E. van Aarle; B. Acke

    2007-05-30

    Stellar evolution in close binary systems is strongly influenced by mass transfer from one star to the other when one component fills its zero-velocity surface or Roche Lobe. SS Lep is a fairly nearby close binary showing the Algol paradox and a shell spectrum, both indicative of (past) mass transfer. To study the process of mass transfer and its evolutionary consequences, we aim at a direct characterisation of the spatial dimensions of the different components of SS Lep with IR interferometry. We use VINCI/VLTI interferometric observations in the K band and photometric observations from the UV to the far-IR. The visibilities are interpreted with simple geometrical models and the Spectral Energy Distribution (SED) is decomposed into the three main components: A star, M star and dust shell/disk. From the SED, we find that the main emitters in the K band are the M star and the circumstellar environment. Both are spatially resolved with the VINCI observations, showing the excess to be circumbinary and showing the M star to have a size equal to its Roche Lobe. We conclude that we have, for the first time, directly resolved a star filling its Roche Lobe. The resulting mass transfer is probably the cause of (1) the circumbinary dust disk of which we see the hot inner region spatially resolved in our observations, (2) the unusually high luminosity of the A star and (3) the shell spectrum seen in the UV and optical spectra.

  6. On the physical characterization of SAR Permanent Scatterers in urban areas

    E-print Network

    Perissin, Daniele

    , Politecnico di Milano- Piazza L. da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italy Alessandro Ferretti, Tele-Rilevamento Europa- Piazza L. da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italy Fabio Rocca, Politecnico di Milano- Piazza L. da Vinci 32

  7. Spinal codes

    E-print Network

    Perry, Jonathan

    Spinal codes are a new class of rateless codes that enable wireless networks to cope with time-varying channel conditions in a natural way, without requiring any explicit bit rate selection. The key idea in the code is the ...

  8. Spinal codes

    E-print Network

    Perry, Jonathan, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    Spinal codes are a new class of rateless codes that enable wireless networks to cope with time-varying channel conditions in a natural way, without requiring any explicit bit rate selection. The key idea in the code is the ...

  9. Cloning and sequencing of the genes coding for the 10- and 60-kDa heat shock proteins from Pseudomonas aeruginosa and mapping of a species-specific epitope.

    PubMed Central

    Sipos, A; Klocke, M; Frosch, M

    1991-01-01

    A genomic library of Pseudomonas aeruginosa DNA was screened with a monoclonal antibody (MAb 2528) specific for the P. aeruginosa 60-kDa heat shock protein. A positive clone, pAS-1, was isolated. The gene coding for P. aeruginosa chaperonin (hsp60) was localized to a 2-kb EcoRI fragment subcloned in pAS-2. A sequence analysis of pAS-2 and parts of pAS-1 identified two open reading frames that encoded proteins with calculated molecular masses of 10 and 57 kDa. In amino acid sequence comparison studies the sequences of these proteins, which were designated GroES and GroEL, exhibited up to 78% homology with known prokaryotic sequences of 10- and 60-kDa heat shock proteins (hsp10 and hsp60). In order to map the epitope recognized by MAb 2528, a series of GroEL nested carboxy-terminal deletion clones were tested with MAb 2528. We identified the clone with the shortest insertion that was still recognized by MAb 2528 and the clone with the largest insertion that was not recognized by MAb 2528. The 3' ends of the insertions were determined by sequencing and were found to delimit a region that encoded 25 amino acid residues. Synthetic oligonucleotides that coded for peptides possibly resembling the epitope within this region were ligated into expression vector pGEX-3X, and fusion proteins expressed by these clones were tested for reactivity with MAb 2528. By using this method we determined that the decapeptide QADIEARVLQ (positions 339 to 348 on GroEL) was responsible for the binding of P. aeruginosa-specific MAb 2528. Images PMID:1715325

  10. An Interferometric Study of the Fomalhaut Inner Debris Disk. I. Near-Infrared Detection of Hot Dust with VLTI/VINCI

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Absil, Olivier; Mennesson, Bertrand; Le Bouquin, Jean-Baptiste; Di Folco, Emmanuel; Kervella, Pierre; Augereau, Jean-Charles

    2009-10-01

    The innermost parts of dusty debris disks around main-sequence stars are currently poorly known due to the high contrast and small angular separation with their parent stars. Using near-infrared interferometry, we aim to detect the signature of hot dust around the nearby A4 V star Fomalhaut, which has already been suggested to harbor a warm dust population in addition to a cold dust ring located at about 140 AU. Archival data obtained with the VINCI instrument at the VLTI are used to study the fringe visibility of the Fomalhaut system at projected baseline lengths ranging from 4 m to 140 m in the K band. A significant visibility deficit is observed at short baselines with respect to the expected visibility of the sole stellar photosphere. This is interpreted as the signature of resolved circumstellar emission, producing a relative flux of 0.88% ± 0.12% with respect to the stellar photosphere. While our interferometric data cannot directly constrain the morphology of the excess emission source, complementary data from the literature allow us to discard an off-axis point-like object as the source of circumstellar emission. We argue that the thermal emission from hot dusty grains located within 6 AU from Fomalhaut is the most plausible explanation for the detected excess. Our study also provides a revised limb-darkened diameter for Fomalhaut (?LD = 2.223 ± 0.022 mas), taking into account the effect of the resolved circumstellar emission. Based on observations made with ESO Telescopes at the Paranal Observatory (public VINCI commissioning data).

  11. Research Signpost 37/661 (2), Fort P.O., Trivandrum-695 023, Kerala, India

    E-print Network

    Simoncini, Valeria

    Dipartimento di Ingegneria Strutturale, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32 20133 Milano, Italy Perotti, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Strutturale, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32

  12. Separation Codes Code Description Status

    E-print Network

    Stephens, Jacqueline

    Separation Codes Code Description Status Page 1 01 Voluntary Resignation ­ Insufficient Pay A 02 Voluntary Resignation ­ Business Responsibility A 25 Separation ­ Death A 26 Voluntary Retirement A 27/UnClass Appointment A #12;Separation Codes Code Description Status Page 2 32 Termination of Grant or Funds A 33

  13. Uplink Coding

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pollara, Fabrizio; Hamkins, Jon; Dolinar, Sam; Andrews, Ken; Divsalar, Dariush

    2006-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews uplink coding. The purpose and goals of the briefing are (1) Show a plan for using uplink coding and describe benefits (2) Define possible solutions and their applicability to different types of uplink, including emergency uplink (3) Concur with our conclusions so we can embark on a plan to use proposed uplink system (4) Identify the need for the development of appropriate technology and infusion in the DSN (5) Gain advocacy to implement uplink coding in flight projects Action Item EMB04-1-14 -- Show a plan for using uplink coding, including showing where it is useful or not (include discussion of emergency uplink coding).

  14. Verification of relationships between anthropometric variables among ureteral stents recipients and ureteric lengths: a challenge for Vitruvian-da Vinci theory

    PubMed Central

    Acelam, Philip A

    2015-01-01

    Objective To determine and verify how anthropometric variables correlate to ureteric lengths and how well statistical models approximate the actual ureteric lengths. Materials and methods In this work, 129 charts of endourological patients (71 females and 58 males) were studied retrospectively. Data were gathered from various research centers from North and South America. Continuous data were studied using descriptive statistics. Anthropometric variables (age, body surface area, body weight, obesity, and stature) were utilized as predictors of ureteric lengths. Linear regressions and correlations were used for studying relationships between the predictors and the outcome variables (ureteric lengths); P-value was set at 0.05. To assess how well statistical models were capable of predicting the actual ureteric lengths, percentages (or ratios of matched to mismatched results) were employed. Results The results of the study show that anthropometric variables do not correlate well to ureteric lengths. Statistical models can partially estimate ureteric lengths. Out of the five anthropometric variables studied, three of them: body frame, stature, and weight, each with a P<0.0001, were significant. Two of the variables: age (R2=0.01; P=0.20) and obesity (R2=0.03; P=0.06), were found to be poor estimators of ureteric lengths. None of the predictors reached the expected (match:above:below) ratio of 1:0:0 to qualify as reliable predictors of ureteric lengths. Conclusion There is not sufficient evidence to conclude that anthropometric variables can reliably predict ureteric lengths. These variables appear to lack adequate specificity as they failed to reach the expected (match:above:below) ratio of 1:0:0. Consequently, selections of ureteral stents continue to remain a challenge. However, height (R2=0.68) with the (match:above:below) ratio of 3:3:4 appears suited for use as estimator, but on the basis of decision rule. Additional research is recommended for stent improvements and ureteric length determinations. PMID:26317082

  15. Holographic codes

    E-print Network

    Latorre, Jose I

    2015-01-01

    There exists a remarkable four-qutrit state that carries absolute maximal entanglement in all its partitions. Employing this state, we construct a tensor network that delivers a holographic many body state, the H-code, where the physical properties of the boundary determine those of the bulk. This H-code is made of an even superposition of states whose relative Hamming distances are exponentially large with the size of the boundary. This property makes H-codes natural states for a quantum memory. H-codes exist on tori of definite sizes and get classified in three different sectors characterized by the sum of their qutrits on cycles wrapped through the boundaries of the system. We construct a parent Hamiltonian for the H-code which is highly non local and finally we compute the topological entanglement entropy of the H-code.

  16. Coding Basics Reed-Solomon Codes

    E-print Network

    Little, John B.

    Coding Basics Reed-Solomon Codes List Decoding Algorithms Algebraic Codes for Error Control John B B. Little Algebraic Codes for Error Control #12;Coding Basics Reed-Solomon Codes List Decoding Algorithms Outline 1 Coding Basics 2 Reed-Solomon Codes 3 List Decoding Algorithms John B. Little Algebraic

  17. AN INTERFEROMETRIC STUDY OF THE FOMALHAUT INNER DEBRIS DISK. I. NEAR-INFRARED DETECTION OF HOT DUST WITH VLTI/VINCI

    SciTech Connect

    Absil, Olivier; Mennesson, Bertrand; Le Bouquin, Jean-Baptiste; Di Folco, Emmanuel; Kervella, Pierre; Augereau, Jean-Charles

    2009-10-10

    The innermost parts of dusty debris disks around main-sequence stars are currently poorly known due to the high contrast and small angular separation with their parent stars. Using near-infrared interferometry, we aim to detect the signature of hot dust around the nearby A4 V star Fomalhaut, which has already been suggested to harbor a warm dust population in addition to a cold dust ring located at about 140 AU. Archival data obtained with the VINCI instrument at the VLTI are used to study the fringe visibility of the Fomalhaut system at projected baseline lengths ranging from 4 m to 140 m in the K band. A significant visibility deficit is observed at short baselines with respect to the expected visibility of the sole stellar photosphere. This is interpreted as the signature of resolved circumstellar emission, producing a relative flux of 0.88% +- 0.12% with respect to the stellar photosphere. While our interferometric data cannot directly constrain the morphology of the excess emission source, complementary data from the literature allow us to discard an off-axis point-like object as the source of circumstellar emission. We argue that the thermal emission from hot dusty grains located within 6 AU from Fomalhaut is the most plausible explanation for the detected excess. Our study also provides a revised limb-darkened diameter for Fomalhaut (theta{sub LD} = 2.223 +- 0.022 mas), taking into account the effect of the resolved circumstellar emission.

  18. An interferometric study of the Fomalhaut inner debris disk. I. Near-infrared detection of hot dust with VLTI/VINCI

    E-print Network

    Absil, Olivier; Bouquin, Jean-Baptiste Le; Di Folco, Emmanuel; Kervella, Pierre; Augereau, Jean-Charles

    2009-01-01

    The innermost parts of dusty debris disks around main sequence stars are currently poorly known due to the high contrast and small angular separation with their parent stars. Using near-infrared interferometry, we aim to detect the signature of hot dust around the nearby A4 V star Fomalhaut, which has already been suggested to harbor a warm dust population in addition to a cold dust ring located at about 140 AU. Archival data obtained with the VINCI instrument at the VLTI are used to study the fringe visibility of the Fomalhaut system at projected baseline lengths ranging from 4 m to 140 m in the K band. A significant visibility deficit is observed at short baselines with respect to the expected visibility of the sole stellar photosphere. This is interpreted as the signature of resolved circumstellar emission, producing a relative flux of 0.88% +/- 0.12% with respect to the stellar photosphere. While our interferometric data cannot directly constrain the morphology of the excess emission source, complementary...

  19. Abelian Group Codes for Channel Coding and Source Coding

    E-print Network

    Pradhan, Sandeep

    1 Abelian Group Codes for Channel Coding and Source Coding Aria G. Sahebi and S. Sandeep Pradhan of Abelian group codes for the the channel coding problem for arbitrary discrete (finite alphabet) memoryless channels as well as the lossy source coding problem for arbitrary discrete (finite alphabet) memoryless

  20. Tests of stellar model atmospheres by optical interferometry: VLTI/VINCI limb-darkening measurements of the M4 giant psi phe

    E-print Network

    M. Wittkowski; J. P. Aufdenberg; P. Kervella

    2003-10-06

    We present K-band interferometric measurements of the limb-darkened intensity profile of the M4 giant star psi Phoenicis obtained with VLTI/VINCI. High-precision squared visibility amplitudes in the second lobe of the visibility function were obtained employing two 8.2 m UTs. This succeeded one month after light from UTs was first combined for interferometric fringes. In addition, we sampled the visibility function at small spatial frequencies using the 40cm test siderostats. Our measurement constrains the diameter of the star as well as its CLV. We construct a spherical hydrostatic PHOENIX model atmosphere based on spectrophotometric data from the literature and confront its CLV prediction with our interferometric measurement. We compare as well CLV predictions by plane-parallel hydrostatic PHOENIX, ATLAS9, and ATLAS12 models. We find that the Rosseland angular diameter as predicted by comparison of the spherical PHOENIX model with spectrophotometry is in good agreement with our interferometric diameter measurement. The shape of our measured visibility function in the second lobe is consistent with all considered PHOENIX and ATLAS model predictions, and significantly different from UD and FDD models. We derive high-precision fundamental parameters for psi Phe, namely a Rosseland angular diameter of 8.13 +/- 0.2 mas, with the Hipparcos parallax corresponding to a Rosseland linear radius R of 86 +/- 3 Rsun and an effective temperature of 3550 +/- 50 K, with R corresponding to a luminosity of log (L/Lsun)=3.02 +/- 0.06. Together with evolutionary models, these values are consistent with a mass of 1.3 +/- 0.2 Msun, and a surface gravity of log g = 0.68 +/- 0.11.

  1. TRACKING CODE DEVELOPMENT FOR BEAM DYNAMICS OPTIMIZATION

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, L.

    2011-03-28

    Dynamic aperture (DA) optimization with direct particle tracking is a straight forward approach when the computing power is permitted. It can have various realistic errors included and is more close than theoretical estimations. In this approach, a fast and parallel tracking code could be very helpful. In this presentation, we describe an implementation of storage ring particle tracking code TESLA for beam dynamics optimization. It supports MPI based parallel computing and is robust as DA calculation engine. This code has been used in the NSLS-II dynamics optimizations and obtained promising performance.

  2. Speech coding

    SciTech Connect

    Ravishankar, C., Hughes Network Systems, Germantown, MD

    1998-05-08

    Speech is the predominant means of communication between human beings and since the invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876, speech services have remained to be the core service in almost all telecommunication systems. Original analog methods of telephony had the disadvantage of speech signal getting corrupted by noise, cross-talk and distortion Long haul transmissions which use repeaters to compensate for the loss in signal strength on transmission links also increase the associated noise and distortion. On the other hand digital transmission is relatively immune to noise, cross-talk and distortion primarily because of the capability to faithfully regenerate digital signal at each repeater purely based on a binary decision. Hence end-to-end performance of the digital link essentially becomes independent of the length and operating frequency bands of the link Hence from a transmission point of view digital transmission has been the preferred approach due to its higher immunity to noise. The need to carry digital speech became extremely important from a service provision point of view as well. Modem requirements have introduced the need for robust, flexible and secure services that can carry a multitude of signal types (such as voice, data and video) without a fundamental change in infrastructure. Such a requirement could not have been easily met without the advent of digital transmission systems, thereby requiring speech to be coded digitally. The term Speech Coding is often referred to techniques that represent or code speech signals either directly as a waveform or as a set of parameters by analyzing the speech signal. In either case, the codes are transmitted to the distant end where speech is reconstructed or synthesized using the received set of codes. A more generic term that is applicable to these techniques that is often interchangeably used with speech coding is the term voice coding. This term is more generic in the sense that the coding techniques are equally applicable to any voice signal whether or not it carries any intelligible information, as the term speech implies. Other terms that are commonly used are speech compression and voice compression since the fundamental idea behind speech coding is to reduce (compress) the transmission rate (or equivalently the bandwidth) And/or reduce storage requirements In this document the terms speech and voice shall be used interchangeably.

  3. Nature's Code

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hill, Vanessa J.; Rowlands, Peter

    2008-10-01

    We propose that the mathematical structures related to the `universal rewrite system' define a universal process applicable to Nature, which we may describe as `Nature's code'. We draw attention here to such concepts as 4 basic units, 64- and 20-unit structures, symmetry-breaking and 5-fold symmetry, chirality, double 3-dimensionality, the double helix, the Van der Waals force and the harmonic oscillator mechanism, and our explanation of how they necessarily lead to self-aggregation, complexity and emergence in higher-order systems. Biological concepts, such as translation, transcription, replication, the genetic code and the grouping of amino acids appear to be driven by fundamental processes of this kind, and it would seem that the Platonic solids, pentagonal symmetry and Fibonacci numbers have significant roles in organizing `Nature's code'.

  4. QR Codes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lai, Hsin-Chih; Chang, Chun-Yen; Li, Wen-Shiane; Fan, Yu-Lin; Wu, Ying-Tien

    2013-01-01

    This study presents an m-learning method that incorporates Integrated Quick Response (QR) codes. This learning method not only achieves the objectives of outdoor education, but it also increases applications of Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning (CTML) (Mayer, 2001) in m-learning for practical use in a diverse range of outdoor locations. When…

  5. Uplink Coding

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Andrews, Ken; Divsalar, Dariush; Dolinar, Sam; Moision, Bruce; Hamkins, Jon; Pollara, Fabrizio

    2007-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the objectives, meeting goals and overall NASA goals for the NASA Data Standards Working Group. The presentation includes information on the technical progress surrounding the objective, short LDPC codes, and the general results on the Pu-Pw tradeoff.

  6. Cryptographer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Megan

    2005-01-01

    For the general public, the field of cryptography has recently become famous as the method used to uncover secrets in Dan Brown's fictional bestseller, The Da Vinci Code. But the science of cryptography has been popular for centuries--secret hieroglyphics discovered in Egypt suggest that code-making dates back almost 4,000 years. In today's…

  7. High Performance “Reach” Codes 

    E-print Network

    Edelson, J.

    2011-01-01

    Buildings Institute A Growing Role for Codes and Stretch Codes in Utility Programs Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency November 9, 2011 ESL-KT-11-11-39 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 New Buildings Institute ESL-KT-11-11-39 CATEE 2011... of Codes ? Building Codes Construction Codes Energy Codes Stretch or Reach Energy Codes Above-code programs Green or Sustainability Codes Model Codes ?Existing Building? Codes Outcome-Based Codes ESL-KT-11-11-39 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7...

  8. Code constructions and code families for nonbinary quantum stabilizer code 

    E-print Network

    Ketkar, Avanti Ulhas

    2005-11-01

    OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: Andreas Klappenecker (Chair of Committee) Rabi Mahapatra (Member) Sue Geller (Member) Valerie Taylor (Head of Department) August 2004 Major Subject: Computer Science iii ABSTRACT Code Constructions and Code... Families for Nonbinary Quantum Stabilizer Codes. (August 2004) Avanti Ulhas Ketkar, B.E., Pune University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Andreas Klappenecker Stabilizer codes form a special class of quantum error correcting codes. Nonbi- nary quantum...

  9. Generalized concatenated quantum codes

    E-print Network

    Grassl, Markus

    We discuss the concept of generalized concatenated quantum codes. This generalized concatenation method provides a systematical way for constructing good quantum codes, both stabilizer codes and nonadditive codes. Using ...

  10. Error-correction coding

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hinds, Erold W. (Principal Investigator)

    1996-01-01

    This report describes the progress made towards the completion of a specific task on error-correcting coding. The proposed research consisted of investigating the use of modulation block codes as the inner code of a concatenated coding system in order to improve the overall space link communications performance. The study proposed to identify and analyze candidate codes that will complement the performance of the overall coding system which uses the interleaved RS (255,223) code as the outer code.

  11. Appendix A - County Codes

    Cancer.gov

    January 1998 SEER Program Code Manual, 3 rd Edition A-1 APPENDIX A COUNTY CODES APPENDIX A COUNTY CODES A-2 SEER Program Code Manual, 3rd Edition January 1998 The following are the valid county codes for coding county of residence at diagnosis: Reference:

  12. Optimizing ATLAS code with different profilers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kama, S.; Seuster, R.; Stewart, G. A.; Vitillo, R. A.

    2014-06-01

    After the current maintenance period, the LHC will provide higher energy collisions with increased luminosity. In order to keep up with these higher rates, ATLAS software needs to speed up substantially. However, ATLAS code is composed of approximately 6M lines, written by many different programmers with different backgrounds, which makes code optimisation a challenge. To help with this effort different profiling tools and techniques are being used. These include well known tools, such as the Valgrind suite and Intel Amplifier; less common tools like Pin, PAPI, and GOoDA; as well as techniques such as library interposing. In this paper we will mainly focus on Pin tools and GOoDA. Pin is a dynamic binary instrumentation tool which can obtain statistics such as call counts, instruction counts and interrogate functions' arguments. It has been used to obtain CLHEP Matrix profiles, operations and vector sizes for linear algebra calculations which has provided the insight necessary to achieve significant performance improvements. Complimenting this, GOoDA, an in-house performance tool built in collaboration with Google, which is based on hardware performance monitoring unit events, is used to identify hot-spots in the code for different types of hardware limitations, such as CPU resources, caches, or memory bandwidth. GOoDA has been used in improvement of the performance of new magnetic field code and identification of potential vectorization targets in several places, such as Runge-Kutta propagation code.

  13. Coding Theory Unit code: MATH32031

    E-print Network

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH32031 Coding Theory Unit code: MATH32031 Credit Rating: 10 Unit level: Level 3 Teaching period and techniques from Pure Mathematics. Overview Coding theory plays a crucial role in the transmission the original message which is transmitted. The main goal of Coding Theory is the study of techniques which

  14. [The "myologie dynamique" by Girolamo Fabrizi da Aquapendente in the scientific language in the Renaissance age (XVI-XVII)].

    PubMed

    Stroppiana, L

    1989-01-01

    Beginning from the XV century, mechanical materialism underwent an evolution in "biological mechanics" within the scientific doctrine. Among the greatest exponents of this new current there were two Italian men, Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) and Girolamo da Acquapendente (1533-1619). By the trend given by Leonardo, the myology, instead of being a static science, took a dynamic meaning and valence. Later, Fabrizi resumed and investigated the subject above all in its less known expression, elaborating an original theory. With Acquapendente, the anatomy lost its merely descriptive pecularity and evolved in analysis of the structure in connection with the function. Moreover, he opposed the syllogism against the mechanic language and the mathematical formulation. A new scientific way will be afterwards characterized by Galileo Galilei in the field of the physics and by Giovanni Alfonso Borrelli in the biology. PMID:11640090

  15. Area Servizi Bibliotecari di Ateneo Modulo di versamento per il Servizio ILL

    E-print Network

    : Politecnico di Milano Intestato a: Politecnico di Milano Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32 ­20133 Milano Eseguito : Prestito ILL nr. Timbro avvenuto pagamento Banca Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32 ­20133 Milano Eseguito da

  16. Homological stabilizer codes

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, Jonas T.

    2013-03-15

    In this paper we define homological stabilizer codes on qubits which encompass codes such as Kitaev's toric code and the topological color codes. These codes are defined solely by the graphs they reside on. This feature allows us to use properties of topological graph theory to determine the graphs which are suitable as homological stabilizer codes. We then show that all toric codes are equivalent to homological stabilizer codes on 4-valent graphs. We show that the topological color codes and toric codes correspond to two distinct classes of graphs. We define the notion of label set equivalencies and show that under a small set of constraints the only homological stabilizer codes without local logical operators are equivalent to Kitaev's toric code or to the topological color codes. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We show that Kitaev's toric codes are equivalent to homological stabilizer codes on 4-valent graphs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We show that toric codes and color codes correspond to homological stabilizer codes on distinct graphs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We find and classify all 2D homological stabilizer codes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We find optimal codes among the homological stabilizer codes.

  17. Half-Product Codes 

    E-print Network

    Emmadi, Santosh Kumar

    2014-12-11

    A class of codes, half-product codes, derived from product codes, is characterized. These codes have the implementation advantages of product codes and possess a special structural property which leads them to have larger (at least 3/2 times more...

  18. Model Children's Code.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque. American Indian Law Center.

    The Model Children's Code was developed to provide a legally correct model code that American Indian tribes can use to enact children's codes that fulfill their legal, cultural and economic needs. Code sections cover the court system, jurisdiction, juvenile offender procedures, minor-in-need-of-care, and termination. Almost every Code section is…

  19. Locally decodable source coding

    E-print Network

    Makhdoumi, Ali (Makhdoumi Kakhaki)

    2013-01-01

    Source coding is accomplished via the mapping of consecutive source symbols (blocks) into code blocks of fixed or variable length. The fundamental limits in source coding introduces a tradeoff between the rate of compression ...

  20. Phylogeny of genetic codes and punctuation codes within genetic codes.

    PubMed

    Seligmann, Hervé

    2015-03-01

    Punctuation codons (starts, stops) delimit genes, reflect translation apparatus properties. Most codon reassignments involve punctuation. Here two complementary approaches classify natural genetic codes: (A) properties of amino acids assigned to codons (classical phylogeny), coding stops as X (A1, antitermination/suppressor tRNAs insert unknown residues), or as gaps (A2, no translation, classical stop); and (B) considering only punctuation status (start, stop and other codons coded as -1, 0 and 1 (B1); 0, -1 and 1 (B2, reflects ribosomal translational dynamics); and 1, -1, and 0 (B3, starts/stops as opposites)). All methods separate most mitochondrial codes from most nuclear codes; Gracilibacteria consistently cluster with metazoan mitochondria; mitochondria co-hosted with chloroplasts cluster with nuclear codes. Method A1 clusters the euplotid nuclear code with metazoan mitochondria; A2 separates euplotids from mitochondria. Firmicute bacteria Mycoplasma/Spiroplasma and Protozoan (and lower metazoan) mitochondria share codon-amino acid assignments. A1 clusters them with mitochondria, they cluster with the standard genetic code under A2: constraints on amino acid ambiguity versus punctuation-signaling produced the mitochondrial versus bacterial versions of this genetic code. Punctuation analysis B2 converges best with classical phylogenetic analyses, stressing the need for a unified theory of genetic code punctuation accounting for ribosomal constraints. PMID:25600501

  1. Mathematical Fiction for Senior Students and Undergraduates: Novels, Plays, and Film

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padula, Janice

    2006-01-01

    Mathematical fiction has probably existed since ideas have been written down and certainly as early as 414 BC (Kasman, 2000). Mathematical fiction is a recently rediscovered and growing literature, as sales of the novels: "The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time" (Haddon, 2003) and "The Da Vinci Code" (Brown, 2004) attest. Science…

  2. Coset Codes Viewed as Terminated Convolutional Codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fossorier, Marc P. C.; Lin, Shu

    1996-01-01

    In this paper, coset codes are considered as terminated convolutional codes. Based on this approach, three new general results are presented. First, it is shown that the iterative squaring construction can equivalently be defined from a convolutional code whose trellis terminates. This convolutional code determines a simple encoder for the coset code considered, and the state and branch labelings of the associated trellis diagram become straightforward. Also, from the generator matrix of the code in its convolutional code form, much information about the trade-off between the state connectivity and complexity at each section, and the parallel structure of the trellis, is directly available. Based on this generator matrix, it is shown that the parallel branches in the trellis diagram of the convolutional code represent the same coset code C(sub 1), of smaller dimension and shorter length. Utilizing this fact, a two-stage optimum trellis decoding method is devised. The first stage decodes C(sub 1), while the second stage decodes the associated convolutional code, using the branch metrics delivered by stage 1. Finally, a bidirectional decoding of each received block starting at both ends is presented. If about the same number of computations is required, this approach remains very attractive from a practical point of view as it roughly doubles the decoding speed. This fact is particularly interesting whenever the second half of the trellis is the mirror image of the first half, since the same decoder can be implemented for both parts.

  3. Concatenated Coding Using Trellis-Coded Modulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thompson, Michael W.

    1997-01-01

    In the late seventies and early eighties a technique known as Trellis Coded Modulation (TCM) was developed for providing spectrally efficient error correction coding. Instead of adding redundant information in the form of parity bits, redundancy is added at the modulation stage thereby increasing bandwidth efficiency. A digital communications system can be designed to use bandwidth-efficient multilevel/phase modulation such as Amplitude Shift Keying (ASK), Phase Shift Keying (PSK), Differential Phase Shift Keying (DPSK) or Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM). Performance gain can be achieved by increasing the number of signals over the corresponding uncoded system to compensate for the redundancy introduced by the code. A considerable amount of research and development has been devoted toward developing good TCM codes for severely bandlimited applications. More recently, the use of TCM for satellite and deep space communications applications has received increased attention. This report describes the general approach of using a concatenated coding scheme that features TCM and RS coding. Results have indicated that substantial (6-10 dB) performance gains can be achieved with this approach with comparatively little bandwidth expansion. Since all of the bandwidth expansion is due to the RS code we see that TCM based concatenated coding results in roughly 10-50% bandwidth expansion compared to 70-150% expansion for similar concatenated scheme which use convolution code. We stress that combined coding and modulation optimization is important for achieving performance gains while maintaining spectral efficiency.

  4. Honor Code Agreement Introduction

    E-print Network

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    Honor Code Agreement Introduction An Honor Code establishes a fundamental social contract within community. The Honor Code is vital to the Building Community Campaign, which is striving to develop The purpose of an Honor Code at the University of Colorado at Boulder is to secure an environment where

  5. Cascaded convolutional codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pollara, F.; Divsalar, D.

    1992-01-01

    Due to the hardware design of Galileo's Command and Data Subsystem (CDS), the channel code usable in an S-band (2290-2300 MHz) mission must include the NASA standard (7,1/2) convolutional code. Galileo's hardware encoder for the (15,1/4) code is not usable in S-band mode. However, the need for higher coding gain dictates the use of long constraint length convolutional codes. Theoretical results show how a large subclass of such codes is realizable by using a software encoder in the CDS cascaded with the hardware encoder for the NASA standard code.

  6. ARA type protograph codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Divsalar, Dariush (Inventor); Abbasfar, Aliazam (Inventor); Jones, Christopher R. (Inventor); Dolinar, Samuel J. (Inventor); Thorpe, Jeremy C. (Inventor); Andrews, Kenneth S. (Inventor); Yao, Kung (Inventor)

    2008-01-01

    An apparatus and method for encoding low-density parity check codes. Together with a repeater, an interleaver and an accumulator, the apparatus comprises a precoder, thus forming accumulate-repeat-accumulate (ARA codes). Protographs representing various types of ARA codes, including AR3A, AR4A and ARJA codes, are described. High performance is obtained when compared to the performance of current repeat-accumulate (RA) or irregular-repeat-accumulate (IRA) codes.

  7. QR Codes 101

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crompton, Helen; LaFrance, Jason; van 't Hooft, Mark

    2012-01-01

    A QR (quick-response) code is a two-dimensional scannable code, similar in function to a traditional bar code that one might find on a product at the supermarket. The main difference between the two is that, while a traditional bar code can hold a maximum of only 20 digits, a QR code can hold up to 7,089 characters, so it can contain much more…

  8. Discussion on LDPC Codes and Uplink Coding

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Andrews, Ken; Divsalar, Dariush; Dolinar, Sam; Moision, Bruce; Hamkins, Jon; Pollara, Fabrizio

    2007-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the progress that the workgroup on Low-Density Parity-Check (LDPC) for space link coding. The workgroup is tasked with developing and recommending new error correcting codes for near-Earth, Lunar, and deep space applications. Included in the presentation is a summary of the technical progress of the workgroup. Charts that show the LDPC decoder sensitivity to symbol scaling errors are reviewed, as well as a chart showing the performance of several frame synchronizer algorithms compared to that of some good codes and LDPC decoder tests at ESTL. Also reviewed is a study on Coding, Modulation, and Link Protocol (CMLP), and the recommended codes. A design for the Pseudo-Randomizer with LDPC Decoder and CRC is also reviewed. A chart that summarizes the three proposed coding systems is also presented.

  9. A New Version of Minerva for Organizing Archeological Museums

    E-print Network

    Amigoni, Francesco

    Schiaffonati 1 Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italy amigoni@elet.polimi.it 2 Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italy schiaffo@elet.polimi.it Abstract

  10. Learning Objects and Tests Mirko Cesarini

    E-print Network

    Monga, Mattia

    Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32 I 20133 Milano, Italy cesarini@elet.polimi.it Paolo Mazzoni Politecnico di Milano Dip. Elettronica e Informazione Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32 I 20133 Milano, Italy mazzoni

  11. It is the light of enlightenment that Caravaggio shows appearing from the right with Jesus,

    E-print Network

    Falge, Eva

    for painters. Here, they were able to study masterpieces from antiqui- ty through to those by Leonardo da Vinci of a develop- ment in art history, as with the advent of the work of Leonardo da Vinci ­ 100 and ­ especially

  12. A Glove Interface with Tactile feeling display for Humanoid Robotics and Virtual Reality systems

    E-print Network

    Gini, Giuseppina

    Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci 32, Milan Emails: folghera@elet.polimi.it, gini@elet.polimi.it Dario L. Vercesi Politecnico di Milano, DEI Electronic and Information Department Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci 32, Milan Email

  13. On the Verification and Computation of Strong Nash Equilibrium

    E-print Network

    Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32 Milano, Italy ngatti@elet.polimi.it Marco Rocco Politecnico di Milano Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32 Milano, Italy mrocco@elet.polimi.it Tuomas Sandholm Carnegie Mellon Computer Science

  14. BANDO 2/2011 Procedura comparativa per l'affidamento di un incarico di lavoro autonomo con contratto di

    E-print Network

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    /IT/489 ­ finanziato nell'ambito del Programma settoriale Leonardo da Vinci; vista la delibera del programma settoriale Leonardo da Vinci e a progetti incentrati su tematiche strettamente connesse al tema di

  15. Noname manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor)

    E-print Network

    Cugola, Gianpaolo

    Dipartimento di Elettronica e Informazione (DEI), Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci, 32 - 20133 (DEI), Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci, 32 - 20133 Milan, Italy E-mail: margara

  16. AN UNSUPERVISED CLUSTERING APPROACH FOR LEUKAEMIA CLASSIFICATION BASED ON DNA MICRO-ARRAYS DATA

    E-print Network

    Garatti, Simone

    Informazione - Politecnico di Milano Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italia. {bittanti - Politecnico di Milano Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italia. Abstract: DNA micro-arrays provide

  17. Two-Particle Bosonic-Fermionic Quantum Walk via Integrated Photonics Linda Sansoni,1

    E-print Network

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    -CNR), Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32, I-20133 Milano, Italy 5 Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32, I-20133 Milano, Italy (Received 26 October 2011; published 5 January 2012

  18. December 23, 2005 13:30 WSPC/INSTRUCTION FILE "Paper IJAIT" THE MULTIAGENT TECHNOLOGY AND PARADIGM

    E-print Network

    Amigoni, Francesco

    Milano Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italy amigoni@elet.polimi.it VIOLA SCHIAFFONATI Dipartimento di Elettronica e Informazione, Politecnico di Milano Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano

  19. Politecnico di Milano Area Risorse Umane e Organizzazione

    E-print Network

    Politecnico di Milano Area Risorse Umane e Organizzazione Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32 20133 Milano GASTI CARLA carla.gasti@polimi.it Tel.2212 Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, Building 2, First floor. Procedure

  20. Cinzia Cappiello, Fabio A. Schreiber Experiments and analysis of quality and

    E-print Network

    Schreiber, Fabio A.

    Informazione Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32 20133 Milano cappiell@elet.polimi.it Fabio A. Schreiber Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Elettronica e Informazione Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32 20133 Milano schreibe

  1. Model Checking UML Specifications of Real Time Software Vieri Del Bianco

    E-print Network

    Lavazza, Luigi

    .zza Leonardo Da Vinci, 32 20133 Milano, Italy delbianc@elet.polimi.it Luigi Lavazza CEFRIEL Politecnico di Milano P.zza Leonardo Da Vinci, 32 20133 Milano, Italy lavazza@elet.polimi.it Marco Mauri CEFRIEL Via

  2. TO BE PUBLISHED: IJCV, , 1--26 () fl Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston. Manufactured in The Netherlands.

    E-print Network

    since at least the time of Leonardo da Vinci that encoded within a pair of stereo images is information detailing the scene geometry (Leonardo da Vinci 1989). The animal brain has known this for millions of years

  3. Clip and Save.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hubbard, Guy

    2003-01-01

    Focuses on the facial expression in the "Mona Lisa" by Leonardo da Vinci. Offers background information on da Vinci as well as learning activities for students. Includes a reproduction of the "Mona Lisa" and information about the painting. (CMK)

  4. M f h L l f S i l E i U i Fli h P hMeasurements of the Level of Surgical Expertise Using Flight PathMeasurements of the Level of Surgical Expertise Using Flight PathMeasurements of the Level of Surgical Expertise Using Flight Pathg p g g A l i f d Vi i R

    E-print Network

    Zhukov, Leonid

    of Surgical Expertise Using Flight Pathg p g g A l i f d Vi i R b ti S i l S tAnalysis from da Vinci Robotic Surgical SystemAnalysis from da Vinci Robotic Surgical SystemAnalysis from da Vinci Robotic Surgical skill during minimally invasive Omaha, NEg g g y i h d Vi i i l , surgery with da Vinci surgical

  5. Unfolding the color code

    E-print Network

    Aleksander Kubica; Beni Yoshida; Fernando Pastawski

    2015-03-06

    The topological color code and the toric code are two leading candidates for realizing fault-tolerant quantum computation. Here we show that the color code on a $d$-dimensional closed manifold is equivalent to multiple decoupled copies of the $d$-dimensional toric code up to local unitary transformations and adding or removing ancilla qubits. Our result not only generalizes the proven equivalence for $d=2$, but also provides an explicit recipe of how to decouple independent components of the color code, highlighting the importance of colorability in the construction of the code. Moreover, for the $d$-dimensional color code with $d+1$ boundaries of $d+1$ distinct colors, we find that the code is equivalent to multiple copies of the $d$-dimensional toric code which are attached along a $(d-1)$-dimensional boundary. In particular, for $d=2$, we show that the (triangular) color code with boundaries is equivalent to the (folded) toric code with boundaries. We also find that the $d$-dimensional toric code admits logical non-Pauli gates from the $d$-th level of the Clifford hierarchy, and thus saturates the bound by Bravyi and K\\"{o}nig. In particular, we show that the $d$-qubit control-$Z$ logical gate can be fault-tolerantly implemented on the stack of $d$ copies of the toric code by a local unitary transformation.

  6. Finite-state codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pollara, Fabrizio; Mceliece, Robert J.; Abdel-Ghaffar, Khaled

    1988-01-01

    A class of codes called finite-state (FS) codes is defined and investigated. The codes, which generalize both block and convolutional codes, are defined by their encoders, which are finite-state machines with parallel inputs and outputs. A family of upper bounds on the free distance of a given FS code is derived. A general construction for FS codes is given, and it is shown that in many cases the FS codes constructed in this way have a free distance that is the largest possible. Catastrophic error propagation (CEP) for FS codes is also discussed. It is found that to avoid CEP one must solve the graph-theoretic problem of finding a uniquely decodable edge labeling of the state diagram.

  7. Cellulases and coding sequences

    DOEpatents

    Li, Xin-Liang (Athens, GA); Ljungdahl, Lars G. (Athens, GA); Chen, Huizhong (Lawrenceville, GA)

    2001-02-20

    The present invention provides three fungal cellulases, their coding sequences, recombinant DNA molecules comprising the cellulase coding sequences, recombinant host cells and methods for producing same. The present cellulases are from Orpinomyces PC-2.

  8. Cellulases and coding sequences

    DOEpatents

    Li, Xin-Liang (Athens, GA); Ljungdahl, Lars G. (Athens, GA); Chen, Huizhong (Lawrenceville, GA)

    2001-01-01

    The present invention provides three fungal cellulases, their coding sequences, recombinant DNA molecules comprising the cellulase coding sequences, recombinant host cells and methods for producing same. The present cellulases are from Orpinomyces PC-2.

  9. Multiple Turbo Codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Divsalar, D.; Pollara, F.

    1995-01-01

    A description is given of multiple turbo codes and a suitable decoder structure derived from an approximation to the maximum a posteriori probability (MAP) decision rule, which is substantially different from the decoder for two-code-based encoders.

  10. Coding AuthentiCity

    E-print Network

    Mercier, Rachel Havens

    2008-01-01

    This thesis analyzes the impact of form-based codes, focusing on two research questions: (1) What is the underlying motivation for adopting a form-based code? (2) What motivations have the most significant impact on ...

  11. User Linguistic Model Adaptivity for Prediction in AAC Message Composition

    E-print Network

    Gatti, Nicola

    Elettronica e Informazione, Politecnico di Milano. Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, Milano, I-20133 ngatti@elet.polimi.it Matteo Matteucci Dip. di Elettronica e Informazione, Politecnico di Milano. Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32 di Milano. Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, Milano, I-20133 sbattella@elet.polimi.it Abstract Efficient

  12. Game Theoretic Analysis of Wireless Access Network Selection: Models, Inefficiency Bounds, and Algorithms

    E-print Network

    Gatti, Nicola

    , and Algorithms Matteo Cesana DEI, Politecnico di Milano piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32 Milano, Italy cesana@elet.polimi.it Nicola Gatti DEI, Politecnico di Milano piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32 Milano, Italy ngatti@elet.polimi.it Ilaria Malanchini DEI, Politecnico di Milano piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32 Milano, Italy malanchini

  13. POLITECNICO DI MILANO AREATECNICOEDILIZIADirigentearch.RiccardoLicari

    E-print Network

    'EDILIZIE GENNAIO 2015 #12;RESIDENZA UNIVERSITARIA "A. LOOS" - LECCO SEDE CITTÀ STUDI, PIAZZA LEONARDO DA VINCI 32.I.I.A.R. ­ LOTTO 1 SEDE MILANO CITTÀ STUDI, PIAZZA LEONARDO DA VINCI 32, EDIFICIO CREMLINO, REALIZZAZIONE AULE CAMPUS LEONARDO SEDE MILANO CITTÀ STUDI, PIAZZA LEONARDO DA VINCI, EDIFICIO 7 EX ELETTROTECNICA

  14. Civil. Eng. and Env. Syst., Vol. 00, pp. 1 8 # 2000 OPA (Overseas Publishers Association) N.V. Reprints available directly from the publisher Published by license under

    E-print Network

    Sniadecki, Nathan J.

    only the Gordon and Breach Science Publishers imprint. Printed in Malaysia. LEONARDO DA VINCI'S TENSILE) In one of Leonardo Da Vinci's notebooks, an experiment is described where strengths in tension to be uncovered and understood and Leonardo Da Vinci's work showed great insight in this ®eld for its time (Duhem

  15. Reinforcement Learning in Extensive Form Games with Incomplete Information: the Bargaining Case Study

    E-print Network

    Gatti, Nicola

    Study Alessandro Lazaric Politecnico di Milano, DEI piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, I-20133 Milan, Italy lazaric@elet.polimi.it Enrique Munoz de Cote Politecnico di Milano, DEI piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, I-20133 Milan, Italy munoz@elet.polimi.it Nicola Gatti Politecnico di Milano, DEI piazza Leonardo da Vinci

  16. Memorias del Segundo Simposio Internacional Sobre Polticas, Planificacin y Economa de los Programas de Proteccin Contra Incendios Forestales: Una Visin Global Plan de Gestin de Incendios a Escala

    E-print Network

    Profesor plenario, Dep. Agroselviter, Universidad de Turin, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (TO de Turin, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (TO) Italia. Correo electrónico: elisa.guglielmet@unito.it. 4 Doctor en Ciencias forestales, Dep. Agroselviter, Universidad de Turin, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44

  17. A Multiagent Interaction Paradigm for Physiological Process Control

    E-print Network

    Amigoni, Francesco

    di Elettronica e Informazione; Politecnico di Milano; Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32; I-20133 Milano; Politecnico di Milano; Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32; I-20133 Milano (MI); Italy ngatti@elet.polimi.it Marco Somalvico Dipartimento di Elettronica e Informazione; Politecnico di Milano; Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32; I

  18. Configurations Horizontal or vertical goniometer, Theta/2Theta or Theta/Theta geometry Measuring circle diameter Any intermediate setting between 500 mm and 1,080 mm

    E-print Network

    Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

    every instrument." (Leonardo da Vinci) Driven by the Bruker AXS philosophy ­ always try to outperform of our diffractometers. "Poor is the pupil, not surpassing his master." (Leonardo da Vinci) The time has is the ultimate sophistication." (Leonardo da Vinci) Microelectronics, photonics, Micro Electro Mechanical Systems

  19. Computing a SelfConfirming Equilibrium in TwoPlayer ExtensiveForm Games

    E-print Network

    Gatti, Nicola

    di Milano Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32 Milano, Italy ngatti@elet.polimi.it Fabio Panozzo Politecnico di Milano Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32 Milano, Italy panozzo@elet.polimi.it Sofia Ceppi Politecnico di Milano Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32 Milano, Italy ceppi@elet.polimi.it ABSTRACT The Nash equilibrium

  20. Languages based on structural local testability

    E-print Network

    San Pietro, Pierluigi

    , and Pierluigi San Pietro 3 1 Dipartimento di Matematica, Politecnico di Milano P.za Leonardo da Vinci 32, I.za Leonardo da Vinci 32, I--20133 Milano crespi@elet.polimi.it 3 Dipartimento di Elettronica e Informazione, Politecnico di Milano P.za Leonardo da Vinci 32, I--20133 Milano sanpietr@elet.polimi.it Abstract

  1. Applied Soil Ecology 62 (2012) 131141 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-print Network

    Williams, Mark W.

    2012-01-01

    Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy b Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research and Department Centre on Natural Risks in Mountain and Hilly Environments, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco.Va.P.R.A. ­ Chimica Agraria e Pedologia ­ Laboratorio Neve e Suoli Alpini, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugli

  2. ORORGENES DE LA GEOMETRGENES DE LA GEOMETRA PROYECTIVAA PROYECTIVA Mara Emilia Alonso Departamento de lgebra, UCM

    E-print Network

    Ruiz, Jesús M.

    Edad Media. Por eso no es extraño que tengan especial relevancia nombres como Leonardo da Vinci, Rafael GENIOS, Vol. I (Leonardo da Vinci, Dalí), Vol. II (Rafael), Madrid: Orbis-Fabri 1989. TRATADO DE PINTURA, Leonardo da Vinci, Madrid: Akal 1986. PIERO DE LA FRANCESCA, M. Mangione, en Grandes Estilos de la Pintura

  3. Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Wildland-Urban Interface Analyses for Fire

    E-print Network

    . Agroselviter, University of Turin, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy. email: raffaella.marzano@unito.it. 3 Doctor in Forestry, Dep. Agroselviter, University of Turin, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095. Agroselviter, University of Turin, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy. email: giovanni

  4. Solving Strategic Bargaining with Arbitrary OneSided Uncertainty

    E-print Network

    Gatti, Nicola

    Politecnico di Milano Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32 Milano, Italy ceppi@elet.polimi.it Nicola Gatti Politecnico di Milano Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32 Milano, Italy ngatti@elet.polimi.it Claudio Iuliano Politecnico di Milano Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32 Milano, Italy iuliano@elet.polimi.it ABSTRACT Bilateral

  5. Erasmus + Programme Erasmus Policy Statement (Overall Strategy)

    E-print Network

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    the Erasmus placement and Leonardo da Vinci programme. For Erasmus placements, the choice of the organization is often made by the Faculties whether for the Leonardo da Vinci we use a centralized approach. The Leonardo da Vinci programme UNIPHARMA-GRADUTES coordinated by Sapienza was shortlisted in 2006

  6. November 3, 2014 Journal of Mathematics and the Arts Leonardov4 To appear in the Journal of Mathematics and the Arts

    E-print Network

    Bigelow, Stephen

    in Leonardo da Vinci's Cartelle of the Accademia Vinciana Jessica Hoya and Kenneth C. Millettb Department of knotting and linking are found in many of the drawings and paintings of Leonardo da Vinci, but nowhere of Leonardo's paintings. Keywords: Leonardo da Vinci; engravings; knotting; linking; geometry; symmetry

  7. 124 Los Alamos Science Number 29 2005 The Turbulence Problem

    E-print Network

    " of the turbulence problem. Robert Ecke Leonardo da Vinci's illustration of the swirling flow of turbulence. (The fluid motion (McComb 1990, Frisch 1995, Lesieur 1997). Leonardo da Vinci (refer to Richter 1970), who to the principal current, the other to the random and reverse motion." Two aspects of da Vinci's observa- tions

  8. Large-Eddy Simulations of Turbulent Flows, from Desktop to Supercomputer

    E-print Network

    Scotti, Alberto

    for many centuries. In 1510, Leonardo da Vinci accompanied a drawing of the vortices shed behind a blunt Leonardo da Vinci's notebooks. (eddies) that govern to a very large extent the transfer of momentum and en and a fluctuating part, as fore-shadowed in da Vinci's observations, and the effect of the turbulent eddies

  9. Humanities Core 1C 15 June 2012

    E-print Network

    Burke, Kieron

    ) where an image of a brief stenciling of Da Vinci's Last Supper scene serves as the backdrop to bright merely as a duplicated black and white photograph Da Vinci's Last Supper with a wash of fluorescent at that moment. By only placing color on the logo and making turning Da Vinci's work into a stencil illustration

  10. Automatic Detection and Segmentation of Robot-Assisted Surgical Motions

    E-print Network

    Shafran, Izhak

    's da Vinci system provide a rich source of motion and video data from surgical procedures. In principle Surgi- cal's da Vinci, introduce new challenges to this paradigm due to its steep learning curve]. Verner et al. [19] collected da Vinci motion data during performance of a training task by several

  11. 924 NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 7 | DECEMBER 2011 | www.nature.com/naturephysics news & views

    E-print Network

    Loss, Daniel

    to obey a kind of conservation principle from root to leaf. History marks Leonardo da Vinci as having been the subject of some discussion, da Vinci's rule is widely regarded in the world of computer graphics. Eloy has applied a similar idea to the task of understanding da Vinci's observation. Drawing

  12. Recipes from the Secret Book of Artephius San Francisco Bay Area, California

    E-print Network

    Owens, John

    in The Secret Book of Artephius. The famous artist and scholar Leonardo Da Vinci was also in Rome at the time Vinci who, as a true scholar, desired to record them in writing. Such information was not only property of persecution should Da Vinci publish them. In an effort to record the recipes, yet keep them well hidden, Da

  13. EPJ ESoft Matter and Biological Physics

    E-print Network

    Blumenfeld, Rafi

    ­338 (2010) DOI: 10.1140/epje/i2010-10628-9 da Vinci fluids, catch-up dynamics and dense granular flow R 32, 333­338 (2010) THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL E da Vinci fluids, catch-up dynamics and dense and study a da Vinci fluid, a fluid whose dissipation is dominated by solid friction. We analyse the flow

  14. Laparoskopie der Zukunft Roboter versus

    E-print Network

    Manstein, Dietmar J.

    onkologisch-operativen Behandlung - robotergestützte laparoskopische Chirurgie (Da Vinci) - Matthews CA et al onkologisch-operativen Behandlung - robotergestützte laparoskopische Chirurgie (Da Vinci) - #12;+ 3D-Chirurgie KONTRA ? Frage: Wie kann man ohne da-Vinci® seine Möglichkeiten mit der Laparoskopie verbessern? #12

  15. Granular Matter (2011) 13:241245 DOI 10.1007/s10035-011-0248-5

    E-print Network

    Blumenfeld, Rafi

    2011-01-01

    and growth in Da Vinci fluids Moshe Schwartz · Raphael Blumenfeld Received: 27 September 2010 / Published matter -- a da Vinci fluid. The local properties of the fluid are generically different from ordinary flow regions. Keywords Da Vinci fluid · Dense granular flow · Plug formation · Plug flow · Flow

  16. A Laminar Cortical Model of Stereopsis and 3D Surface Perception

    E-print Network

    Grossberg, Stephen

    A Laminar Cortical Model of Stereopsis and 3D Surface Perception: Closure and da Vinci Stereopsis illusion, stereopsis with polarity-reversed stereograms, and da Vinci stereopsis. It also explains psychophysical data about perceptual closure and variations of da Vinci stereopsis that previous models cannot

  17. Structural welding code - steel

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-01-01

    This code covers welding requirement applicable to any type of welded structure and is designed to be used in conjunction with any complementary code or specification for the design and construction of steel structures. The 1982 edition contains new provisions, revisions of current material, and a new stud welding section, and some rearrangement of the 1981 code.

  18. Morse Code Activity Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clinton, Janeen S.

    This activity packet offers simple directions for setting up a Morse Code system appropriate to interfacing with any of several personal computer systems. Worksheets are also included to facilitate teaching Morse Code to persons with visual or other disabilities including blindness, as it is argued that the code is best learned auditorily. (PB)

  19. Reflections on Post-16 Strategies in European Countries. Interim Report of the Leonardo da Vinci/Multiplier Effect Project III.3.a. Priority 2: Forging Links between Educational Establishments and Enterprises (1997-2000) ID 27009. Working Papers, No. 9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stenstrom, Marja-Leena, Ed.

    This four-part publication contains 19 papers on educational practices and promises for post-16 education in European countries. Part I, the introduction, contains these three papers: "Sharpening Post-16 Education Strategies: Building on the Results of the Previous Projects" (Johanna Lasonen); "'Parity of Esteem' and 'Integrated…

  20. DLLExternalCode

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    2014-05-14

    DLLExternalCode is the a general dynamic-link library (DLL) interface for linking GoldSim (www.goldsim.com) with external codes. The overall concept is to use GoldSim as top level modeling software with interfaces to external codes for specific calculations. The DLLExternalCode DLL that performs the linking function is designed to take a list of code inputs from GoldSim, create an input file for the external application, run the external code, and return a list of outputs, read frommore »files created by the external application, back to GoldSim. Instructions for creating the input file, running the external code, and reading the output are contained in an instructions file that is read and interpreted by the DLL.« less

  1. DLLExternalCode

    SciTech Connect

    2014-05-14

    DLLExternalCode is the a general dynamic-link library (DLL) interface for linking GoldSim (www.goldsim.com) with external codes. The overall concept is to use GoldSim as top level modeling software with interfaces to external codes for specific calculations. The DLLExternalCode DLL that performs the linking function is designed to take a list of code inputs from GoldSim, create an input file for the external application, run the external code, and return a list of outputs, read from files created by the external application, back to GoldSim. Instructions for creating the input file, running the external code, and reading the output are contained in an instructions file that is read and interpreted by the DLL.

  2. Software Certification - Coding, Code, and Coders

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Havelund, Klaus; Holzmann, Gerard J.

    2011-01-01

    We describe a certification approach for software development that has been adopted at our organization. JPL develops robotic spacecraft for the exploration of the solar system. The flight software that controls these spacecraft is considered to be mission critical. We argue that the goal of a software certification process cannot be the development of "perfect" software, i.e., software that can be formally proven to be correct under all imaginable and unimaginable circumstances. More realistically, the goal is to guarantee a software development process that is conducted by knowledgeable engineers, who follow generally accepted procedures to control known risks, while meeting agreed upon standards of workmanship. We target three specific issues that must be addressed in such a certification procedure: the coding process, the code that is developed, and the skills of the coders. The coding process is driven by standards (e.g., a coding standard) and tools. The code is mechanically checked against the standard with the help of state-of-the-art static source code analyzers. The coders, finally, are certified in on-site training courses that include formal exams.

  3. To code, or not to code?

    PubMed

    Parman, Cindy C

    2003-01-01

    In summary, it is also important to remember the hidden rules: 1) Just because there is a code in the manual, it doesn't mean it can be billed to insurance, or that once billed, it will be reimbursed. 2) Just because a code was paid once, doesn't mean it will ever be paid again--or that you get to keep the money! 3) The healthcare provider is responsible for knowing all the rules, but then it is impossible to know all the rules! And not knowing all the rules can lead to fines, penalties or worse! New codes are added annually (quarterly for OPPS), definitions of existing codes are changed, and it is the responsibility of healthcare providers to keep abreast of all coding updates and changes. In addition, the federal regulations are constantly updated and changed, making compliant billing a moving target. All healthcare entities should focus on complete documentation, the adherence to authoritative coding guidance and the provision of detailed explanations and specialty education to the payor, as necessary. PMID:14619987

  4. Generating code adapted for interlinking legacy scalar code and extended vector code

    DOEpatents

    Gschwind, Michael K

    2013-06-04

    Mechanisms for intermixing code are provided. Source code is received for compilation using an extended Application Binary Interface (ABI) that extends a legacy ABI and uses a different register configuration than the legacy ABI. First compiled code is generated based on the source code, the first compiled code comprising code for accommodating the difference in register configurations used by the extended ABI and the legacy ABI. The first compiled code and second compiled code are intermixed to generate intermixed code, the second compiled code being compiled code that uses the legacy ABI. The intermixed code comprises at least one call instruction that is one of a call from the first compiled code to the second compiled code or a call from the second compiled code to the first compiled code. The code for accommodating the difference in register configurations is associated with the at least one call instruction.

  5. Aalborg Universitet A Perpetual Code for Network Coding

    E-print Network

    Médard, Muriel

    Aalborg Universitet A Perpetual Code for Network Coding Heide, Janus; Pedersen, Morten Videbæk). A Perpetual Code for Network Coding. In IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC) - Wireless Networks from vbn.aau.dk on: november 20, 2014 #12;A Perpetual Code for Network Coding Janus Heide, Morten V

  6. Coding theory basics Evaluation codes from algebraic varieties

    E-print Network

    Little, John B.

    Coding theory basics Evaluation codes from algebraic varieties Interlude ­ counting rational points on varieties Cubic surfaces and codes Cubic Surfaces and Codes John B. Little Department of Mathematics and Computer Science Faculty Seminar November 12, 2014 John B. Little Cubic Surfaces and Codes #12;Coding

  7. Multi-receiver Homomorphic Authentication Codes for Network Coding

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Multi-receiver Homomorphic Authentication Codes for Network Coding Zhaohui Tang and Hoon Wei Lim of authenticate codes (A-codes) that support verification by a group of message recipients in the network coding setting. That is, a sender generates an A-code over a message such that any intermediate node or recipient

  8. More box codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Solomon, G.

    1992-01-01

    A new investigation shows that, starting from the BCH (21,15;3) code represented as a 7 x 3 matrix and adding a row and column to add even parity, one obtains an 8 x 4 matrix (32,15;8) code. An additional dimension is obtained by specifying odd parity on the rows and even parity on the columns, i.e., adjoining to the 8 x 4 matrix, the matrix, which is zero except for the fourth column (of all ones). Furthermore, any seven rows and three columns will form the BCH (21,15;3) code. This box code has the same weight structure as the quadratic residue and BCH codes of the same dimensions. Whether there exists an algebraic isomorphism to either code is as yet unknown.

  9. Mechanical code comparator

    DOEpatents

    Peter, Frank J. (Albuquerque, NM); Dalton, Larry J. (Bernalillo, NM); Plummer, David W. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2002-01-01

    A new class of mechanical code comparators is described which have broad potential for application in safety, surety, and security applications. These devices can be implemented as micro-scale electromechanical systems that isolate a secure or otherwise controlled device until an access code is entered. This access code is converted into a series of mechanical inputs to the mechanical code comparator, which compares the access code to a pre-input combination, entered previously into the mechanical code comparator by an operator at the system security control point. These devices provide extremely high levels of robust security. Being totally mechanical in operation, an access control system properly based on such devices cannot be circumvented by software attack alone.

  10. Industrial Code Development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shapiro, Wilbur

    1991-01-01

    The industrial codes will consist of modules of 2-D and simplified 2-D or 1-D codes, intended for expeditious parametric studies, analysis, and design of a wide variety of seals. Integration into a unified system is accomplished by the industrial Knowledge Based System (KBS), which will also provide user friendly interaction, contact sensitive and hypertext help, design guidance, and an expandable database. The types of analysis to be included with the industrial codes are interfacial performance (leakage, load, stiffness, friction losses, etc.), thermoelastic distortions, and dynamic response to rotor excursions. The first three codes to be completed and which are presently being incorporated into the KBS are the incompressible cylindrical code, ICYL, and the compressible cylindrical code, GCYL.

  11. Banner Index Codes The Index code is a data-entry shortcut for the Fund code, Org code, and Program code in Banner

    E-print Network

    Banner Index Codes The Index code is a data-entry shortcut for the Fund code, Org code, and Program code in Banner Finance (FO-P's). Implementation of the Index has greatly decreased data entry coding ­ Account (object) - Program (FOAP) code numbers on any of your accounting forms (Contracts, Purchase Orders

  12. Industrial Computer Codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shapiro, Wilbur

    1996-01-01

    This is an overview of new and updated industrial codes for seal design and testing. GCYLT (gas cylindrical seals -- turbulent), SPIRALI (spiral-groove seals -- incompressible), KTK (knife to knife) Labyrinth Seal Code, and DYSEAL (dynamic seal analysis) are covered. CGYLT uses G-factors for Poiseuille and Couette turbulence coefficients. SPIRALI is updated to include turbulence and inertia, but maintains the narrow groove theory. KTK labyrinth seal code handles straight or stepped seals. And DYSEAL provides dynamics for the seal geometry.

  13. Phonological coding during reading

    PubMed Central

    Leinenger, Mallorie

    2014-01-01

    The exact role that phonological coding (the recoding of written, orthographic information into a sound based code) plays during silent reading has been extensively studied for more than a century. Despite the large body of research surrounding the topic, varying theories as to the time course and function of this recoding still exist. The present review synthesizes this body of research, addressing the topics of time course and function in tandem. The varying theories surrounding the function of phonological coding (e.g., that phonological codes aid lexical access, that phonological codes aid comprehension and bolster short-term memory, or that phonological codes are largely epiphenomenal in skilled readers) are first outlined, and the time courses that each maps onto (e.g., that phonological codes come online early (pre-lexical) or that phonological codes come online late (post-lexical)) are discussed. Next the research relevant to each of these proposed functions is reviewed, discussing the varying methodologies that have been used to investigate phonological coding (e.g., response time methods, reading while eyetracking or recording EEG and MEG, concurrent articulation) and highlighting the advantages and limitations of each with respect to the study of phonological coding. In response to the view that phonological coding is largely epiphenomenal in skilled readers, research on the use of phonological codes in prelingually, profoundly deaf readers is reviewed. Finally, implications for current models of word identification (activation-verification model (Van Order, 1987), dual-route model (e.g., Coltheart, Rastle, Perry, Langdon, & Ziegler, 2001), parallel distributed processing model (Seidenberg & McClelland, 1989)) are discussed. PMID:25150679

  14. Bar Code Labels

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1988-01-01

    American Bar Codes, Inc. developed special bar code labels for inventory control of space shuttle parts and other space system components. ABC labels are made in a company-developed anodizing aluminum process and consecutively marketed with bar code symbology and human readable numbers. They offer extreme abrasion resistance and indefinite resistance to ultraviolet radiation, capable of withstanding 700 degree temperatures without deterioration and up to 1400 degrees with special designs. They offer high resistance to salt spray, cleaning fluids and mild acids. ABC is now producing these bar code labels commercially or industrial customers who also need labels to resist harsh environments.

  15. A Parallel Tree Code

    E-print Network

    John Dubinski

    1996-03-18

    We describe a new implementation of a parallel N-body tree code. The code is load-balanced using the method of orthogonal recursive bisection to subdivide the N-body system into independent rectangular volumes each of which is mapped to a processor on a parallel computer. On the Cray T3D, the load balance in the range of 70-90\\% depending on the problem size and number of processors. The code can handle simulations with $>$ 10 million particles roughly a factor of 10 greater than allowed in vectorized tree codes.

  16. MORSE Monte Carlo code

    SciTech Connect

    Cramer, S.N.

    1984-01-01

    The MORSE code is a large general-use multigroup Monte Carlo code system. Although no claims can be made regarding its superiority in either theoretical details or Monte Carlo techniques, MORSE has been, since its inception at ORNL in the late 1960s, the most widely used Monte Carlo radiation transport code. The principal reason for this popularity is that MORSE is relatively easy to use, independent of any installation or distribution center, and it can be easily customized to fit almost any specific need. Features of the MORSE code are described.

  17. Tokamak Systems Code

    SciTech Connect

    Reid, R.L.; Barrett, R.J.; Brown, T.G.; Gorker, G.E.; Hooper, R.J.; Kalsi, S.S.; Metzler, D.H.; Peng, Y.K.M.; Roth, K.E.; Spampinato, P.T.

    1985-03-01

    The FEDC Tokamak Systems Code calculates tokamak performance, cost, and configuration as a function of plasma engineering parameters. This version of the code models experimental tokamaks. It does not currently consider tokamak configurations that generate electrical power or incorporate breeding blankets. The code has a modular (or subroutine) structure to allow independent modeling for each major tokamak component or system. A primary benefit of modularization is that a component module may be updated without disturbing the remainder of the systems code as long as the imput to or output from the module remains unchanged.

  18. Robotic Surgery Brings Reversal of Fortune Undoing Vasectomy

    E-print Network

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    Vinci Console S ean Poppoff underwent a vasectomy during his marriage, then divorced and now wants microsurgical vasectomy reversal, Walsh also uses the da Vinci robotic system, in which he manipulates instruments via remote console. Few other U.S. surgeons use da Vinci for vasectomy reversals, and perhaps

  19. Noname manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor)

    E-print Network

    Allen, Peter K.

    are verified using in-vivo data recorded from the da Vinci R robotic surgical system. The method detects.zhao@intusurg.com Keywords Medical Robotics · Tool Tracking · Computer Vision · da Vinci 1 INTRODUCTION Despite Vinci R surgical system from Intuitive Surgical, Inc. [1] has alleviated many of these issues

  20. New code parameters from ReedSolomon subfield codes

    E-print Network

    Bierbrauer, Juergen

    New code parameters from Reed­Solomon subfield codes J¨urgen Bierbrauer Department of Mathematical determine the dimensions of subfield codes of Reed­Solomon codes and construct certain extensions and lengthenings of these codes. We start from the duals, using the language of orthogonal arrays. As a first

  1. INTRODUCTION TO CODING THEORY: BASIC CODES AND SHANNON'S THEOREM

    E-print Network

    May, J. Peter

    INTRODUCTION TO CODING THEORY: BASIC CODES AND SHANNON'S THEOREM SIDDHARTHA BISWAS Abstract. Coding and become a part of mathematics, and especially computer science. Codes were initially developed to correct errors on noisy and inaccurate communication channels. In this endeavor, linear codes are very helpful

  2. Synthesizing Certified Code

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Whalen, Michael; Schumann, Johann; Fischer, Bernd

    2002-01-01

    Code certification is a lightweight approach to demonstrate software quality on a formal level. Its basic idea is to require producers to provide formal proofs that their code satisfies certain quality properties. These proofs serve as certificates which can be checked independently. Since code certification uses the same underlying technology as program verification, it also requires many detailed annotations (e.g., loop invariants) to make the proofs possible. However, manually adding theses annotations to the code is time-consuming and error-prone. We address this problem by combining code certification with automatic program synthesis. We propose an approach to generate simultaneously, from a high-level specification, code and all annotations required to certify generated code. Here, we describe a certification extension of AUTOBAYES, a synthesis tool which automatically generates complex data analysis programs from compact specifications. AUTOBAYES contains sufficient high-level domain knowledge to generate detailed annotations. This allows us to use a general-purpose verification condition generator to produce a set of proof obligations in first-order logic. The obligations are then discharged using the automated theorem E-SETHEO. We demonstrate our approach by certifying operator safety for a generated iterative data classification program without manual annotation of the code.

  3. Numerical Transport Codes

    SciTech Connect

    Ongena, J.P.H.E.; Evrard, M.; McCune, D

    2004-03-15

    This paper gives a brief introduction on numerical transport codes. The relevant equations which are used in these codes are established, and on the basis of these equations, the necessary calculations needed to resolve them are pointed out. Finally, some examples are given, illustrating their application.

  4. Prostate Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    Prostate C619 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) Do not code an orchiectomy in this field. For prostate primaries, orchiectomies are coded in the data item “Hematologic Transplant and

  5. Anus Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    Anus C210–C218 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) [SEER Note: Do not code infrared coagulation as treatment.] Codes 00 None; no surgery of primary site; autopsy ONLY 10 Local tumor

  6. Corpus Uteri Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    Corpus Uteri C540–C559 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) [SEER Note: Do not code dilation and curettage (D&C) as Surgery of Primary Site for invasive cancers] Codes 00 None; no surgery

  7. Lichenase and coding sequences

    DOEpatents

    Li, Xin-Liang (Athens, GA); Ljungdahl, Lars G. (Athens, GA); Chen, Huizhong (Lawrenceville, GA)

    2000-08-15

    The present invention provides a fungal lichenase, i.e., an endo-1,3-1,4-.beta.-D-glucanohydrolase, its coding sequence, recombinant DNA molecules comprising the lichenase coding sequences, recombinant host cells and methods for producing same. The present lichenase is from Orpinomyces PC-2.

  8. Innovative Incontinence Surgery: The Male Sling

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    ... it’s done open, laparoscopically, or with the daVinci robot prostatectomy, the instance of stress incontinence ranges from ... Vinci operation. Even though we’re using the robot for the prostatectomy, inside we’re doing the ...

  9. Combustion chamber analysis code

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Przekwas, A. J.; Lai, Y. G.; Krishnan, A.; Avva, R. K.; Giridharan, M. G.

    1993-01-01

    A three-dimensional, time dependent, Favre averaged, finite volume Navier-Stokes code has been developed to model compressible and incompressible flows (with and without chemical reactions) in liquid rocket engines. The code has a non-staggered formulation with generalized body-fitted-coordinates (BFC) capability. Higher order differencing methodologies such as MUSCL and Osher-Chakravarthy schemes are available. Turbulent flows can be modeled using any of the five turbulent models present in the code. A two-phase, two-liquid, Lagrangian spray model has been incorporated into the code. Chemical equilibrium and finite rate reaction models are available to model chemically reacting flows. The discrete ordinate method is used to model effects of thermal radiation. The code has been validated extensively against benchmark experimental data and has been applied to model flows in several propulsion system components of the SSME and the STME.

  10. Coding Theory W13 Introduction

    E-print Network

    Wehlau, David

    Math 406 Coding Theory W13 Contents Introduction 1 Introductory Concepts 1.1 Error Correcting Codes (a) Introduction (b) Codes (c) Hamming distance (d) Elementary bounds on the parameters 1.2 Linear Codes (a) Motivation and definition (b) The description of linear codes (c) Simple examples (d) Further

  11. Pyramid image codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Watson, Andrew B.

    1990-01-01

    All vision systems, both human and machine, transform the spatial image into a coded representation. Particular codes may be optimized for efficiency or to extract useful image features. Researchers explored image codes based on primary visual cortex in man and other primates. Understanding these codes will advance the art in image coding, autonomous vision, and computational human factors. In cortex, imagery is coded by features that vary in size, orientation, and position. Researchers have devised a mathematical model of this transformation, called the Hexagonal oriented Orthogonal quadrature Pyramid (HOP). In a pyramid code, features are segregated by size into layers, with fewer features in the layers devoted to large features. Pyramid schemes provide scale invariance, and are useful for coarse-to-fine searching and for progressive transmission of images. The HOP Pyramid is novel in three respects: (1) it uses a hexagonal pixel lattice, (2) it uses oriented features, and (3) it accurately models most of the prominent aspects of primary visual cortex. The transform uses seven basic features (kernels), which may be regarded as three oriented edges, three oriented bars, and one non-oriented blob. Application of these kernels to non-overlapping seven-pixel neighborhoods yields six oriented, high-pass pyramid layers, and one low-pass (blob) layer.

  12. Report number codes

    SciTech Connect

    Nelson, R.N.

    1985-05-01

    This publication lists all report number codes processed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information. The report codes are substantially based on the American National Standards Institute, Standard Technical Report Number (STRN)-Format and Creation Z39.23-1983. The Standard Technical Report Number (STRN) provides one of the primary methods of identifying a specific technical report. The STRN consists of two parts: The report code and the sequential number. The report code identifies the issuing organization, a specific program, or a type of document. The sequential number, which is assigned in sequence by each report issuing entity, is not included in this publication. Part I of this compilation is alphabetized by report codes followed by issuing installations. Part II lists the issuing organization followed by the assigned report code(s). In both Parts I and II, the names of issuing organizations appear for the most part in the form used at the time the reports were issued. However, for some of the more prolific installations which have had name changes, all entries have been merged under the current name.

  13. FAA Smoke Transport Code

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    2006-10-27

    FAA Smoke Transport Code, a physics-based Computational Fluid Dynamics tool, which couples heat, mass, and momentum transfer, has been developed to provide information on smoke transport in cargo compartments with various geometries and flight conditions. The software package contains a graphical user interface for specification of geometry and boundary conditions, analysis module for solving the governing equations, and a post-processing tool. The current code was produced by making substantial improvements and additions to a codemore »obtained from a university. The original code was able to compute steady, uniform, isothermal turbulent pressurization. In addition, a preprocessor and postprocessor were added to arrive at the current software package.« less

  14. Huffman coding in advanced audio coding standard

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brzuchalski, Grzegorz

    2012-05-01

    This article presents several hardware architectures of Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) Huffman noiseless encoder, its optimisations and working implementation. Much attention has been paid to optimise the demand of hardware resources especially memory size. The aim of design was to get as short binary stream as possible in this standard. The Huffman encoder with whole audio-video system has been implemented in FPGA devices.

  15. TRANSPORTATION TOMORROW SURVEY CODING MANUAL

    E-print Network

    Toronto, University of

    TRANSPORTATION TOMORROW SURVEY 2006 CODING MANUAL #12;TRANSPORTATION TOMORROW SURVEY 2006 Conducted in the fall of 2005 and 2006 CODING MANUAL Working Paper Prepared for the Transportation Comments ...............................................13 4.5.3 Completion Code

  16. Joint design of multi-resolution codes and intra / inter- layer network coding

    E-print Network

    Wang, Tong, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    In this thesis, we study the joint design of multi-resolution (MR) coding and network coding. The three step coding process consists of MR source coding, layer coding and multi-stream coding. The source coding considers ...

  17. SASSYS LMFBR systems code

    SciTech Connect

    Dunn, F.E.; Prohammer, F.G.; Weber, D.P.

    1983-01-01

    The SASSYS LMFBR systems analysis code is being developed mainly to analyze the behavior of the shut-down heat-removal system and the consequences of failures in the system, although it is also capable of analyzing a wide range of transients, from mild operational transients through more severe transients leading to sodium boiling in the core and possible melting of clad and fuel. The code includes a detailed SAS4A multi-channel core treatment plus a general thermal-hydraulic treatment of the primary and intermediate heat-transport loops and the steam generators. The code can handle any LMFBR design, loop or pool, with an arbitrary arrangement of components. The code is fast running: usually faster than real time.

  18. No Code: Null Programs

    E-print Network

    Montfort, Nick

    2014-06-05

    To continue the productive discussion of uninscribed artworks in Craig Dworkin’s No Medium, this report discusses, in detail, those computer programs that have no code, and are thus empty or null. Several specific examples ...

  19. Rectosigmoid Junction Coding Guidelines

    Cancer.gov

    Coding Guidelines Rectosigmoid Junction C199 Primary Site A tumor is classified as rectosigmoid when differentiation between rectum and sigmoid is not possible. A tumor is classified as rectal if • lower margin lies less than 16 cm from the anal

  20. Systematic wireless network coding

    E-print Network

    Shrader, Brooke E.

    We present a systematic network coding strategy for cooperative communication, in which some nodes may replicate-and-forward packets in addition to sending random linear combinations of the packets. We argue that if this ...

  1. Network Coding Made Practical

    E-print Network

    Katti, Sachin

    2006-02-16

    We propose a new architecture for wireless mesh networks. In addition to forwarding packets, routers mix (i.e., code) packets from different sources to increase the information content of each transmission. We show that ...

  2. Breast Coding Guidelines

    Cancer.gov

    Coding Guidelines Breast C500 -C509 Primary Site C500 Nipple (areolar) Paget disease without underlying tumor C501 Central portion of breast (subareolar) area extending 1 cm around areolar complex Retroareolar Infraareolar Next to

  3. Quantum convolutional stabilizer codes 

    E-print Network

    Chinthamani, Neelima

    2004-09-30

    QUANTUM CONVOLUTIONAL STABILIZER CODES A Thesis by NEELIMA CHINTHAMANI Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial ful¯llment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: Andreas Klappenecker (Chair... Technological University, India Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Andreas Klappenecker Quantum error correction codes were introduced as a means to protect quantum informa- tion from decoherance and operational errors. Based on their approach to error control...

  4. Seals Flow Code Development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    In recognition of a deficiency in the current modeling capability for seals, an effort was established by NASA to develop verified computational fluid dynamic concepts, codes, and analyses for seals. The objectives were to develop advanced concepts for the design and analysis of seals, to effectively disseminate the information to potential users by way of annual workshops, and to provide experimental verification for the models and codes under a wide range of operating conditions.

  5. Scalable motion vector coding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barbarien, Joeri; Munteanu, Adrian; Verdicchio, Fabio; Andreopoulos, Yiannis; Cornelis, Jan P.; Schelkens, Peter

    2004-11-01

    Modern video coding applications require transmission of video data over variable-bandwidth channels to a variety of terminals with different screen resolutions and available computational power. Scalable video coding is needed to optimally support these applications. Recently proposed wavelet-based video codecs employing spatial domain motion compensated temporal filtering (SDMCTF) provide quality, resolution and frame-rate scalability while delivering compression performance comparable to that of the state-of-the-art non-scalable H.264-codec. These codecs require scalable coding of the motion vectors in order to support a large range of bit-rates with optimal compression efficiency. Scalable motion vector coding algorithms based on the integer wavelet transform followed by embedded coding of the wavelet coefficients were recently proposed. In this paper, a new and fundamentally different scalable motion vector codec (MVC) using median-based motion vector prediction is proposed. Extensive experimental results demonstrate that the proposed MVC systematically outperforms the wavelet-based state-of-the-art solutions. To be able to take advantage of the proposed scalable MVC, a rate allocation mechanism capable of optimally dividing the available rate among texture and motion information is required. Two rate allocation strategies are proposed and compared. The proposed MVC and rate allocation schemes are incorporated into an SDMCTF-based video codec and the benefits of scalable motion vector coding are experimentally demonstrated.

  6. Robust Nonlinear Neural Codes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Qianli; Pitkow, Xaq

    2015-03-01

    Most interesting natural sensory stimuli are encoded in the brain in a form that can only be decoded nonlinearly. But despite being a core function of the brain, nonlinear population codes are rarely studied and poorly understood. Interestingly, the few existing models of nonlinear codes are inconsistent with known architectural features of the brain. In particular, these codes have information content that scales with the size of the cortical population, even if that violates the data processing inequality by exceeding the amount of information entering the sensory system. Here we provide a valid theory of nonlinear population codes by generalizing recent work on information-limiting correlations in linear population codes. Although these generalized, nonlinear information-limiting correlations bound the performance of any decoder, they also make decoding more robust to suboptimal computation, allowing many suboptimal decoders to achieve nearly the same efficiency as an optimal decoder. Although these correlations are extremely difficult to measure directly, particularly for nonlinear codes, we provide a simple, practical test by which one can use choice-related activity in small populations of neurons to determine whether decoding is suboptimal or optimal and limited by correlated noise. We conclude by describing an example computation in the vestibular system where this theory applies. QY and XP was supported by a grant from the McNair foundation.

  7. Nested Quantum Error Correction Codes

    E-print Network

    Zhuo Wang; Kai Sun; Hen Fan; Vlatko Vedral

    2009-09-28

    The theory of quantum error correction was established more than a decade ago as the primary tool for fighting decoherence in quantum information processing. Although great progress has already been made in this field, limited methods are available in constructing new quantum error correction codes from old codes. Here we exhibit a simple and general method to construct new quantum error correction codes by nesting certain quantum codes together. The problem of finding long quantum error correction codes is reduced to that of searching several short length quantum codes with certain properties. Our method works for all length and all distance codes, and is quite efficient to construct optimal or near optimal codes. Two main known methods in constructing new codes from old codes in quantum error-correction theory, the concatenating and pasting, can be understood in the framework of nested quantum error correction codes.

  8. Falcon Codes: Fast, Authenticated LT Codes Cornell Tech

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Falcon Codes: Fast, Authenticated LT Codes Ari Juels Cornell Tech New York City NY, USA juels.triandopoulos@rsa.com Abstract--In this paper, we introduce Falcon codes, a class of authenticated error correcting codes) they allow for very efficient encoding and decoding times, even linear in the message length. We study Falcon

  9. On Code Design for Unequal Error Protection Multilevel Coding

    E-print Network

    Henkel, Werner

    On Code Design for Unequal Error Protection Multilevel Coding Neele von Deetzen and Werner Henkel properties with multilevel codes, following the capacity design rule but ad- justing the scheme to provide more unequal error protection than a multilevel coding scheme inherently provides. The flexibility

  10. Code of Ethical Conduct Code of Ethical Conduct

    E-print Network

    Sridhar, Srinivas

    Code of Ethical Conduct 3/21/2014 Code of Ethical Conduct I. Purpose and Scope Northeastern. The core principles articulated in this code encompass the values that underlie all university activities and inform our decision making. This Code of Ethical Conduct applies to Northeastern University trustees

  11. Code: A Lightweight and Flexible Mobile Code Toolkit

    E-print Network

    Picco, Gian Pietro

    to fully exploit the benefits of migrating code. ¯Code is a new mobile code toolkit designed to be flexible a different perspective on the design of language support for mobile code. This is achieved by leveraging off designed after research done by the author aimed at identifying precisely the benefits brought by mobile

  12. Distinguishing Protein-Coding from Non-Coding RNAs

    E-print Network

    Gough, Julian

    Distinguishing Protein-Coding from Non-Coding RNAs through Support Vector Machines Jinfeng Liu1, Japan RIKEN's FANTOM project has revealed many previously unknown coding sequences, as well more transcripts that do not code for proteins have been identified by transcriptome studies

  13. Cartography from Code...? Barend Kbben

    E-print Network

    Köbben, Barend

    Cartography from Code...? Barend Köbben ITC ­ Universiteit Twente b.j.kobben@utwente.nl ­ @barendkobben #12;Cartography from Code...? or "how I learned to stop worrying and love coding in cartography were constructed using software this one was digitally drawn » » this one was coded (programmed) #12

  14. Manipulating the characteristics of code

    E-print Network

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Manipulating the governance characteristics of code Rajiv C. Shah and Jay P. Kesan Rajiv C. Shah processes, Technology led strategy, Regulation, Standards, Modulators Abstract Regulation through ``code with code-based solutions. While scholars have noted the role of code, there is little analysis

  15. Edms 335727 CODE DE SCURIT

    E-print Network

    McDonald, Kirk

    Edms 335727 CERN CODE DE SÉCURITÉ SAFETY CODE D 2 Rev.2 Edited by : Director General Date of revision : May 1998 Original : English PRESSURE EQUIPMENT 1 LEGAL BASIS This Code is issued in application of the activities listed in chapter 2 below. 2 SCOPE This Code is applicable to the design, manufacture, tests

  16. Prioritized LT Codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woo, Simon S.; Cheng, Michael K.

    2011-01-01

    The original Luby Transform (LT) coding scheme is extended to account for data transmissions where some information symbols in a message block are more important than others. Prioritized LT codes provide unequal error protection (UEP) of data on an erasure channel by modifying the original LT encoder. The prioritized algorithm improves high-priority data protection without penalizing low-priority data recovery. Moreover, low-latency decoding is also obtained for high-priority data due to fast encoding. Prioritized LT codes only require a slight change in the original encoding algorithm, and no changes at all at the decoder. Hence, with a small complexity increase in the LT encoder, an improved UEP and low-decoding latency performance for high-priority data can be achieved. LT encoding partitions a data stream into fixed-sized message blocks each with a constant number of information symbols. To generate a code symbol from the information symbols in a message, the Robust-Soliton probability distribution is first applied in order to determine the number of information symbols to be used to compute the code symbol. Then, the specific information symbols are chosen uniform randomly from the message block. Finally, the selected information symbols are XORed to form the code symbol. The Prioritized LT code construction includes an additional restriction that code symbols formed by a relatively small number of XORed information symbols select some of these information symbols from the pool of high-priority data. Once high-priority data are fully covered, encoding continues with the conventional LT approach where code symbols are generated by selecting information symbols from the entire message block including all different priorities. Therefore, if code symbols derived from high-priority data experience an unusual high number of erasures, Prioritized LT codes can still reliably recover both high- and low-priority data. This hybrid approach decides not only "how to encode" but also "what to encode" to achieve UEP. Another advantage of the priority encoding process is that the majority of high-priority data can be decoded sooner since only a small number of code symbols are required to reconstruct high-priority data. This approach increases the likelihood that high-priority data is decoded first over low-priority data. The Prioritized LT code scheme achieves an improvement in high-priority data decoding performance as well as overall information recovery without penalizing the decoding of low-priority data, assuming high-priority data is no more than half of a message block. The cost is in the additional complexity required in the encoder. If extra computation resource is available at the transmitter, image, voice, and video transmission quality in terrestrial and space communications can benefit from accurate use of redundancy in protecting data with varying priorities.

  17. Coded source neutron imaging

    SciTech Connect

    Bingham, Philip R; Santos-Villalobos, Hector J

    2011-01-01

    Coded aperture techniques have been applied to neutron radiography to address limitations in neutron flux and resolution of neutron detectors in a system labeled coded source imaging (CSI). By coding the neutron source, a magnified imaging system is designed with small spot size aperture holes (10 and 100 m) for improved resolution beyond the detector limits and with many holes in the aperture (50% open) to account for flux losses due to the small pinhole size. An introduction to neutron radiography and coded aperture imaging is presented. A system design is developed for a CSI system with a development of equations for limitations on the system based on the coded image requirements and the neutron source characteristics of size and divergence. Simulation has been applied to the design using McStas to provide qualitative measures of performance with simulations of pinhole array objects followed by a quantitative measure through simulation of a tilted edge and calculation of the modulation transfer function (MTF) from the line spread function. MTF results for both 100um and 10um aperture hole diameters show resolutions matching the hole diameters.

  18. Error coding simulations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Noble, Viveca K.

    1993-01-01

    There are various elements such as radio frequency interference (RFI) which may induce errors in data being transmitted via a satellite communication link. When a transmission is affected by interference or other error-causing elements, the transmitted data becomes indecipherable. It becomes necessary to implement techniques to recover from these disturbances. The objective of this research is to develop software which simulates error control circuits and evaluate the performance of these modules in various bit error rate environments. The results of the evaluation provide the engineer with information which helps determine the optimal error control scheme. The Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) recommends the use of Reed-Solomon (RS) and convolutional encoders and Viterbi and RS decoders for error correction. The use of forward error correction techniques greatly reduces the received signal to noise needed for a certain desired bit error rate. The use of concatenated coding, e.g. inner convolutional code and outer RS code, provides even greater coding gain. The 16-bit cyclic redundancy check (CRC) code is recommended by CCSDS for error detection.

  19. Modulation and coding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Farrell, P. G.; Clark, A. P.

    1984-12-01

    Analog FDM/FM and digital TDM/PCM/PSK modulation schemes are compared. In both single access and multiple access cases, FDM/FM is superior, thereby lessening interest in the use of a transmultiplexer to convert existing FDM voice traffic. In SCPC systems, though FM has been employed, digital modulation schemes appear to offer considerable advantages due to their ability to use both bandwidth compression techniques and error detection and correction (EDC) coding. QPSK has been widely used, and its performance compares well with other digital carrier schemes when suitably band-limited. The use of EDC coding in satellites effectively compensates for low transmitter powers, so that coding gains in the 2-7 range are envisioned. TDMA can efficiently combine a wide range of different traffics and services. The ultimate degree of voice, data and video integration is noted to be obtainable from a packet-switched satellite system.

  20. Seals Code Development Workshop

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hendricks, Robert C. (Compiler); Liang, Anita D. (Compiler)

    1996-01-01

    Seals Workshop of 1995 industrial code (INDSEAL) release include ICYL, GCYLT, IFACE, GFACE, SPIRALG, SPIRALI, DYSEAL, and KTK. The scientific code (SCISEAL) release includes conjugate heat transfer and multidomain with rotordynamic capability. Several seals and bearings codes (e.g., HYDROFLEX, HYDROTRAN, HYDROB3D, FLOWCON1, FLOWCON2) are presented and results compared. Current computational and experimental emphasis includes multiple connected cavity flows with goals of reducing parasitic losses and gas ingestion. Labyrinth seals continue to play a significant role in sealing with face, honeycomb, and new sealing concepts under investigation for advanced engine concepts in view of strict environmental constraints. The clean sheet approach to engine design is advocated with program directions and anticipated percentage SFC reductions cited. Future activities center on engine applications with coupled seal/power/secondary flow streams.

  1. Quantum Secret Authentication Code

    E-print Network

    Wei, Tong-Xuan; Tsai, Chia-Wei

    2011-01-01

    This study proposes a quantum secret authentication code for protecting the integrity of secret quantum states. Since BB84[1] was first proposed, the eavesdropper detection strategy in almost all quantum cryptographic protocols is based on the random sample discussion, in which the probability of eavesdropper detection is depending on the number of check qubits eavesdropped by the eavesdropper. Hence, if the eavesdropper interferes only a few qubits of the transmitted quantum sequence, then the detection probability will be very low. This study attempts to propose a quantum secret authentication code to solve this problem. With the use of quantum secret authentication code, not only is the probability of eavesdropper detection guaranteed to be evenly distributed no matter how many qubits had been eavesdropped, but also can the quantum transmission efficiency be highly enhanced.

  2. Adaptation and visual coding

    PubMed Central

    Webster, Michael A.

    2011-01-01

    Visual coding is a highly dynamic process and continuously adapting to the current viewing context. The perceptual changes that result from adaptation to recently viewed stimuli remain a powerful and popular tool for analyzing sensory mechanisms and plasticity. Over the last decade, the footprints of this adaptation have been tracked to both higher and lower levels of the visual pathway and over a wider range of timescales, revealing that visual processing is much more adaptable than previously thought. This work has also revealed that the pattern of aftereffects is similar across many stimulus dimensions, pointing to common coding principles in which adaptation plays a central role. However, why visual coding adapts has yet to be fully answered. PMID:21602298

  3. Quantum Secret Authentication Code

    E-print Network

    Tong-Xuan Wei; Tzonelih Hwang; Chia-Wei Tsai

    2011-08-17

    This study proposes a quantum secret authentication code for protecting the integrity of secret quantum states. Since BB84[1] was first proposed, the eavesdropper detection strategy in almost all quantum cryptographic protocols is based on the random sample discussion, in which the probability of eavesdropper detection is depending on the number of check qubits eavesdropped by the eavesdropper. Hence, if the eavesdropper interferes only a few qubits of the transmitted quantum sequence, then the detection probability will be very low. This study attempts to propose a quantum secret authentication code to solve this problem. With the use of quantum secret authentication code, not only is the probability of eavesdropper detection guaranteed to be evenly distributed no matter how many qubits had been eavesdropped, but also can the quantum transmission efficiency be highly enhanced.

  4. Code inspection instructional validation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Orr, Kay; Stancil, Shirley

    1992-01-01

    The Shuttle Data Systems Branch (SDSB) of the Flight Data Systems Division (FDSD) at Johnson Space Center contracted with Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) to validate the effectiveness of an interactive video course on the code inspection process. The purpose of this project was to determine if this course could be effective for teaching NASA analysts the process of code inspection. In addition, NASA was interested in the effectiveness of this unique type of instruction (Digital Video Interactive), for providing training on software processes. This study found the Carnegie Mellon course, 'A Cure for the Common Code', effective for teaching the process of code inspection. In addition, analysts prefer learning with this method of instruction, or this method in combination with other methods. As is, the course is definitely better than no course at all; however, findings indicate changes are needed. Following are conclusions of this study. (1) The course is instructionally effective. (2) The simulation has a positive effect on student's confidence in his ability to apply new knowledge. (3) Analysts like the course and prefer this method of training, or this method in combination with current methods of training in code inspection, over the way training is currently being conducted. (4) Analysts responded favorably to information presented through scenarios incorporating full motion video. (5) Some course content needs to be changed. (6) Some content needs to be added to the course. SwRI believes this study indicates interactive video instruction combined with simulation is effective for teaching software processes. Based on the conclusions of this study, SwRI has outlined seven options for NASA to consider. SwRI recommends the option which involves creation of new source code and data files, but uses much of the existing content and design from the current course. Although this option involves a significant software development effort, SwRI believes this option will produce the most effective results.

  5. Aeroacoustic Prediction Codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gliebe, P; Mani, R.; Shin, H.; Mitchell, B.; Ashford, G.; Salamah, S.; Connell, S.; Huff, Dennis (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    This report describes work performed on Contract NAS3-27720AoI 13 as part of the NASA Advanced Subsonic Transport (AST) Noise Reduction Technology effort. Computer codes were developed to provide quantitative prediction, design, and analysis capability for several aircraft engine noise sources. The objective was to provide improved, physics-based tools for exploration of noise-reduction concepts and understanding of experimental results. Methods and codes focused on fan broadband and 'buzz saw' noise and on low-emissions combustor noise and compliment work done by other contractors under the NASA AST program to develop methods and codes for fan harmonic tone noise and jet noise. The methods and codes developed and reported herein employ a wide range of approaches, from the strictly empirical to the completely computational, with some being semiempirical analytical, and/or analytical/computational. Emphasis was on capturing the essential physics while still considering method or code utility as a practical design and analysis tool for everyday engineering use. Codes and prediction models were developed for: (1) an improved empirical correlation model for fan rotor exit flow mean and turbulence properties, for use in predicting broadband noise generated by rotor exit flow turbulence interaction with downstream stator vanes: (2) fan broadband noise models for rotor and stator/turbulence interaction sources including 3D effects, noncompact-source effects. directivity modeling, and extensions to the rotor supersonic tip-speed regime; (3) fan multiple-pure-tone in-duct sound pressure prediction methodology based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis; and (4) low-emissions combustor prediction methodology and computer code based on CFD and actuator disk theory. In addition. the relative importance of dipole and quadrupole source mechanisms was studied using direct CFD source computation for a simple cascadeigust interaction problem, and an empirical combustor-noise correlation model was developed from engine acoustic test results. This work provided several insights on potential approaches to reducing aircraft engine noise. Code development is described in this report, and those insights are discussed.

  6. Green Construction Codes 

    E-print Network

    Blake, S.

    2011-01-01

    stream_source_info ESL-KT-11-11-41.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 7811 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name ESL-KT-11-11-41.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 CATEE Conference... Dallas, TX November 9, 2011 Sheila Blake MBA, CBO, LEED? AP Assistant Director, PWE Planning and Development Services City of Houston Code Enforcement Green Codes & IGCC Update ESL-KT-11-11-41 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011...

  7. Quantum error control codes 

    E-print Network

    Abdelhamid Awad Aly Ahmed, Sala

    2008-10-10

    stream_source_info 3-aly319.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 344719 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name 3-aly319.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 QUANTUM ERROR CONTROL CODES A Dissertation... by SALAH ABDELHAMID AWAD ALY AHMED Submitted to the O–ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulflllment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2008 Major Subject: Computer Science QUANTUM ERROR CONTROL CODES A...

  8. BACKGROUND RESEARCH SAMPLE CODE

    E-print Network

    Gray, Jeffrey G.

    . This type of diabetes is normally seen in children at a very young age. Type II diabetes, on the other handBACKGROUND RESEARCH SAMPLE CODE INTRODUCTION APPLICATION MATERIALS ABSTRACT PURPOSE Diabetes is when the body does not properly use or store the glucose (Mayoclinic). There are two types of diabetes

  9. Liver Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    Liver and Intrahepatic Bile Ducts C220–C221 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) Codes 00 None; no surgery of primary site; autopsy ONLY 10 Local tumor destruction, NOS 11 Photodynamic

  10. Humoral coding and decoding.

    PubMed

    Prank, K; Kropp, M; Brabant, G

    2001-01-01

    Humoral communication systems are dynamically regulated. Most hormones are released in a pulsatile or burst-like manner into the bloodstream. It is well known that information coded in the frequency and amplitude of secretory pulses allows for the differential regulation of specific target cell function and structure. However, despite intensive study of transmembrane signalling relatively little is known about how the temporal dynamics of extracellular humoral stimuli specifically regulates the temporal pattern of intracellular signalling pathways, such as Ca2+-dependent signalling. Repetitive spikes of Ca2+ encode this information in their amplitude, duration and frequency, and are in turn decoded into the pattern of gene expression and phosphorylation of target proteins. Using a mathematical model for G protein-coupled Ca2+ signalling and information-theoretic approaches to stimulus reconstruction we have systematically quantified the amount of information coded in the Ca2+-signal about the dynamics of the stimulus, which allows us to explore the temporal bandwidth of transmembrane signalling. These in silico approaches permit us to differentiate the amount of information coded in the frequency, temporal precision, amplitude and the complete Ca2+-signal. This may open an avenue to the quantification of information flow and processing in the intra- and intercellular coding and decoding machinery. PMID:11529319

  11. Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code (EFDC)is a state-of-the-art hydrodynamic model that can be used to simulate aquatic systems in one, two, and three dimensions. It has evolved over the past two decades to become one of the most widely used and technically defensible hydrodyn...

  12. Electrical Circuit Simulation Code

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    2001-08-09

    Massively-Parallel Electrical Circuit Simulation Code. CHILESPICE is a massively-arallel distributed-memory electrical circuit simulation tool that contains many enhanced radiation, time-based, and thermal features and models. Large scale electronic circuit simulation. Shared memory, parallel processing, enhance convergence. Sandia specific device models.

  13. Pharynx Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    Pharynx Tonsil C090–C099, Oropharynx C100–C109, Nasopharynx C110–C119 Pyriform Sinus C129, Hypopharynx C130–C139, Pharynx C140 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) Codes 00 None; no surgery

  14. Colon Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    Colon C180–C 189 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) Code removal/surgical ablation of single or multiple liver metastases under the data item Surgical Procedure/Other Site (NAACCR Item

  15. Lung Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    Lung C340–C349 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) Codes 00 None; no surgery of primary site; autopsy ONLY 19 Local tumor destruction or excision, NOS Unknown whether a specimen was

  16. Kidney Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    Kidney, Renal Pelvis, and Ureter Kidney C649, Renal Pelvis C659, Ureter C669 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) Codes 00 None; no surgery of primary site; autopsy ONLY 10 Local tumor

  17. Colon Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    C olon C180–C189 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) Code removal/surgical ablation of single or multiple liver metastases under the data item Surgical Procedure/Other Site (NAACCR Item

  18. Bladder Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    Bladder C670–C679 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) Codes 00 None; no surgery of primary site; autopsy ONLY 10 Local tumor destruction, NOS 11 Photodynamic therapy (PDT) 12

  19. Rectum Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    Rectum C209 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) Code removal/surgical ablation of single or multiple liver metastases under the data item Surgical Procedure/Other Site (NAACCR Item #1294)

  20. Rectosigmoid Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    Rect osigmoid C199 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) Code removal/surgical ablation of single or multiple liver metastases under the data item Surgical Procedure/Other Site (NAACCR Item

  1. Stomach Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    Stomach C160–C169 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) Codes 00 None; no surgery of primary site; autopsy ONLY 10 Local tumor destruction, NOS 11 Photodynamic therapy (PDT) 12 Electrocautery;

  2. Brain Coding Instructions

    Cancer.gov

    Coding Guidelines BRAIN [AND OTHER PARTS OF CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM] MENINGES C700-C709, BRAIN C710–C719, SPINAL CORD, CRANIAL NERVES AND OTHER PARTS OF CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM C720–C729 (Except for M9750, 9760-9764, 9800-9820, 9826, 9831-9920, 9931-9992)

  3. Parotid Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    Parotid and Other Unspecified Glands Parotid Gland C079, Major Salivary Glands C080–C089 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) Codes 00 None; no surgery of primary site; autopsy ONLY

  4. Esophagus Coding Guidelines

    Cancer.gov

    Coding Guidelines ESOPHAGUS C150-C155, C158-C159 Primary Site There are two systems that divide the esophagus into three subsites. The first system divides the esophagus into the upper third, middle third, and lower third. The second system describes

  5. Esophagus Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    Esophagus C150–C159 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) Codes 00 None; no surgery of primary site; autopsy ONLY 10 Local tumor destruction, NOS 11 Photodynamic therapy (PDT) 12

  6. Multiple trellis coded modulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Simon, Marvin K. (Inventor); Divsalar, Dariush (Inventor)

    1990-01-01

    A technique for designing trellis codes to minimize bit error performance for a fading channel. The invention provides a criteria which may be used in the design of such codes which is significantly different from that used for average white Gaussian noise channels. The method of multiple trellis coded modulation of the present invention comprises the steps of: (a) coding b bits of input data into s intermediate outputs; (b) grouping said s intermediate outputs into k groups of s.sub.i intermediate outputs each where the summation of all s.sub.i,s is equal to s and k is equal to at least 2; (c) mapping each of said k groups of intermediate outputs into one of a plurality of symbols in accordance with a plurality of modulation schemes, one for each group such that the first group is mapped in accordance with a first modulation scheme and the second group is mapped in accordance with a second modulation scheme; and (d) outputting each of said symbols to provide k output symbols for each b bits of input data.

  7. Code Optimization Techniques

    SciTech Connect

    MAGEE,GLEN I.

    2000-08-03

    Computers transfer data in a number of different ways. Whether through a serial port, a parallel port, over a modem, over an ethernet cable, or internally from a hard disk to memory, some data will be lost. To compensate for that loss, numerous error detection and correction algorithms have been developed. One of the most common error correction codes is the Reed-Solomon code, which is a special subset of BCH (Bose-Chaudhuri-Hocquenghem) linear cyclic block codes. In the AURA project, an unmanned aircraft sends the data it collects back to earth so it can be analyzed during flight and possible flight modifications made. To counter possible data corruption during transmission, the data is encoded using a multi-block Reed-Solomon implementation with a possibly shortened final block. In order to maximize the amount of data transmitted, it was necessary to reduce the computation time of a Reed-Solomon encoding to three percent of the processor's time. To achieve such a reduction, many code optimization techniques were employed. This paper outlines the steps taken to reduce the processing time of a Reed-Solomon encoding and the insight into modern optimization techniques gained from the experience.

  8. The Redox Code

    PubMed Central

    Jones, Dean P.

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Significance: The redox code is a set of principles that defines the positioning of the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD, NADP) and thiol/disulfide and other redox systems as well as the thiol redox proteome in space and time in biological systems. The code is richly elaborated in an oxygen-dependent life, where activation/deactivation cycles involving O2 and H2O2 contribute to spatiotemporal organization for differentiation, development, and adaptation to the environment. Disruption of this organizational structure during oxidative stress represents a fundamental mechanism in system failure and disease. Recent Advances: Methodology in assessing components of the redox code under physiological conditions has progressed, permitting insight into spatiotemporal organization and allowing for identification of redox partners in redox proteomics and redox metabolomics. Critical Issues: Complexity of redox networks and redox regulation is being revealed step by step, yet much still needs to be learned. Future Directions: Detailed knowledge of the molecular patterns generated from the principles of the redox code under defined physiological or pathological conditions in cells and organs will contribute to understanding the redox component in health and disease. Ultimately, there will be a scientific basis to a modern redox medicine. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 23, 734–746. PMID:25891126

  9. Breast Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    Breast C500–C509 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) Codes 00 None; no surgery of primary site; autopsy ONLY 19 Local tumor destruction, NOS No specimen was sent to pathology for

  10. Dress Codes. Legal Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2000-01-01

    As illustrated by two recent decisions, the courts in the past decade have demarcated wide boundaries for school officials considering dress codes, whether in the form of selective prohibitions or required uniforms. Administrators must warn the community, provide legitimate justification and reasonable clarity, and comply with state law. (MLH)

  11. Bladder Coding Guidelines

    Cancer.gov

    Coding Guidelines BLADDER C670–C679 Primary Site C670 Trigone of bladder Base of bladder Floor Below interureteric ridge (interureteric crest, or interureteric fold) C671 D ome of bladder Vertex Roof Vault C672 L ateral wall of bladder Right

  12. Student Code Number: Thermodynamics

    E-print Network

    Feeny, Brian

    Student Code Number: Thermodynamics Ph.D. Qualifying Exam Department of Mechanical Engineering;Thermodynamics Qualifier January 2013 Problem 1 Air is compressed in an axial-flow compressor operating at steady of exergy destruction within the compressor, in kJ per kg of air flowing. #12;Thermodynamics Qualifier

  13. Larynx Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    Larynx C320–C329 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) Codes 00 None; no surgery of primary site; autopsy ONLY 10 Local tumor destruction, NOS 11 Photodynamic therapy (PDT) 12 Electrocautery;

  14. Dress Codes and Uniforms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lumsden, Linda; Miller, Gabriel

    2002-01-01

    Students do not always make choices that adults agree with in their choice of school dress. Dress-code issues are explored in this Research Roundup, and guidance is offered to principals seeking to maintain a positive school climate. In "Do School Uniforms Fit?" Kerry White discusses arguments for and against school uniforms and summarizes the…

  15. Building Codes and Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, John L.

    The hazard of fire is of great concern to libraries due to combustible books and new plastics used in construction and interiors. Building codes and standards can offer architects and planners guidelines to follow but these standards should be closely monitored, updated, and researched for fire prevention. (DS)

  16. Ovary Surgery Codes

    Cancer.gov

    Ovary C569 (Except for M9727, 9733, 9741-9742, 9764-9809, 9832, 9840-9931, 9945-9946, 9950-9967, 9975-9992) Codes 00 None; no surgery of primary site; autopsy ONLY 17 Local tumor destruction, NOS No specimen sent to pathology from surgical event

  17. Introduction to Algebraic Codes

    E-print Network

    force search for the correct tuple will reveal which four values are consistent (for a quadratic. curve). .... tance between a, b as the product distance of the above mentioned natural metric in Fq, i.e.,. d(a, b) ...... (1): Throw away the G.C.D. of.

  18. Suboptimum decoding of block codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lin, Shu; Kasami, Tadao

    1991-01-01

    This paper investigates a class of decomposable codes, their distance and structural properties. it is shown that this class includes several classes of well known and efficient codes as subclasses. Several methods for constructing decomposable codes or decomposing codes are presented. A two-stage soft decision decoding scheme for decomposable codes, their translates or unions of translates is devised. This two-stage soft-decision decoding is suboptimum, and provides an excellent trade-off between the error performance and decoding complexity for codes of moderate and long block length.

  19. Preliminary Assessment of Turbomachinery Codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mazumder, Quamrul H.

    2007-01-01

    This report assesses different CFD codes developed and currently being used at Glenn Research Center to predict turbomachinery fluid flow and heat transfer behavior. This report will consider the following codes: APNASA, TURBO, GlennHT, H3D, and SWIFT. Each code will be described separately in the following section with their current modeling capabilities, level of validation, pre/post processing, and future development and validation requirements. This report addresses only previously published and validations of the codes. However, the codes have been further developed to extend the capabilities of the codes.

  20. On code parameters and coding vector representation for practical RLNC

    E-print Network

    Heide, Janus

    Random Linear Network Coding (RLNC) provides a theoretically efficient method for coding. The drawbacks associated with it are the complexity of the decoding and the overhead resulting from the encoding vector. Increasing ...

  1. MONITORAMENTO DA COBERTURA FLORESTAL DA AMAZNIA

    E-print Network

    INPE SOBRE O RELATÓRIO: "INSPEÇÃO DE PONTOS E ÁREAS DO DETER" DA SECRETARIA DE ESTADO DO MEIO AMBIENTE 2008, técnicos do Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE) e da Secretaria de Estado do Meio

  2. Adaptive code generators for tree coding of speech 

    E-print Network

    Dong, Hui

    1998-01-01

    Tree coding is a promising way of obtaining good performance for medium-to-low rate speech coding. The key part of a tree coder is the code generator which consists of a short-term predictor and a long-term predictor. The best predictor designed...

  3. Coded modulation with Low Density Parity Check codes 

    E-print Network

    Narayanaswami, Ravi

    2001-01-01

    This thesis proposes the design of Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes for cases where coded modulation is used. We design these codes by extending the idea of Density Evolution (DE) that has been introduced as a powerful tool to analyze LDPC...

  4. Medical Coding Classification by Leveraging Inter-Code Relationships

    E-print Network

    Dy, Jennifer G.

    medical records into standard prede- fined medical codes. There are several worldwide accepted medical the Ninth Revision of ICD (ICD-9) provides the standard for coding clinical records. Accu- rate medical coding to record medical services (procedures) and associated causes or conditions (diagnoses

  5. Robust Streaming Erasure Codes using MDS Constituent Codes

    E-print Network

    Khisti, Ashish

    conferencing, interactive gaming, voice over IP and cloud computing have become widespread. Unlike traditional a significant packet loss rate, in the presence of other packet loss patterns. In [2], [3], streaming codes of codes - Partial Recovery (PRC) codes - that can correct patterns consisting of both burst and isolated

  6. Quantum codes on Hurwitz surfaces

    E-print Network

    Kim, Isaac H. (Isaac Hyun)

    2007-01-01

    Ever since the birth of the first quantum error correcting code, many error correcting techniques and formalism has been constructed so far. Among those, generating a quantum code on a locally planar geometry have lead to ...

  7. Nonbinary Codeword Stabilized Quantum Codes

    E-print Network

    Chen, Xie; Chuang, Isaac L

    2008-01-01

    The codeword stabilized (CWS) quantum codes formalism presents a unifying approach to both additive and nonadditive quantum error-correcting codes (arXiv:0708.1021 [quant-ph]), but only for binary states. Here we generalize the CWS framework to the nonbinary case (of both prime and nonprime dimension) and map the search for nonbinary quantum codes to a corresponding search problem for classical nonbinary codes with specific error patterns. We show that while the additivity properties of nonbinary CWS codes are similar to the binary case, the structural properties of the nonbinary codes differ substantially from the binary case, even for prime dimensions. In particular, we identify specific structure patterns of stabilizer groups, based on which efficient constructions might be possible for codes that encode more dimensions than any stabilizer codes of the same length and distance; similar methods cannot be applied in the binary case. Understanding of these structural properties can help prune the search space...

  8. Matlab-Kinect Interface Code

    E-print Network

    Kowalski, Kevin

    2012-06-01

    This .zip file contains code and installation instructions for acquiring 3d arm movements in Matlab using the Microsoft Kinect 3d camera. The provided code has been validated in 32-bit and 64-bit Matlab with 32-bit and ...

  9. Code Completion From Abbreviated Input

    E-print Network

    Miller, Robert C.

    Abbreviation Completion is a novel technique to improve the efficiency of code-writing by supporting code completion of multiple keywords based on non-predefined abbreviated input - a different approach from conventional ...

  10. Network coding for anonymous broadcast

    E-print Network

    Sergeev, Ivan A

    2013-01-01

    This thesis explores the use of network coding for anonymous broadcast. Network coding, the technique of transmitting or storing mixtures of messages rather than individual messages, can provide anonymity with its mixing ...

  11. Wire Transport Code

    SciTech Connect

    Caporaso, G.J.; Cole, A.G.

    1983-03-01

    The Wire Transport Code was developed to study the dynamics of relativistic-electron-beam propagation in the transport tube in which a wire-conditioning zone is present. In order for the beam to propagate successfully in the transport section it must be matched onto the wire by focusing elements. The beam must then be controlled by strong lenses as it exits the wire zone. The wire transport code was developed to model this process in substantial detail. It is able to treat axially symmetric problems as well as those in which the beam is transversely displaced from the axis of the transport tube. The focusing effects of foils and various beamline lenses are included in the calculations.

  12. Confocal coded aperture imaging

    DOEpatents

    Tobin, Jr., Kenneth William (Harriman, TN); Thomas, Jr., Clarence E. (Knoxville, TN)

    2001-01-01

    A method for imaging a target volume comprises the steps of: radiating a small bandwidth of energy toward the target volume; focusing the small bandwidth of energy into a beam; moving the target volume through a plurality of positions within the focused beam; collecting a beam of energy scattered from the target volume with a non-diffractive confocal coded aperture; generating a shadow image of said aperture from every point source of radiation in the target volume; and, reconstructing the shadow image into a 3-dimensional image of the every point source by mathematically correlating the shadow image with a digital or analog version of the coded aperture. The method can comprise the step of collecting the beam of energy scattered from the target volume with a Fresnel zone plate.

  13. Time Dependence in Plasma Codes

    E-print Network

    S. Seager

    2001-06-12

    Time-dependent plasma codes are a natural extension of static nonequilibrium plasma codes. Comparing relevant timescales will determine whether or not time-dependent treatment is necessary. In this article I outline the ingredients for a time-dependent plasma code in a homogeneous medium and discuss the computational method. In the second half of the article I describe recombination in the early Universe as a detailed example of a problem whose solution requires a time-dependent plasma code.

  14. Reeds computer code

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bjork, C.

    1981-01-01

    The REEDS (rocket exhaust effluent diffusion single layer) computer code is used for the estimation of certain rocket exhaust effluent concentrations and dosages and their distributions near the Earth's surface following a rocket launch event. Output from REEDS is used in producing near real time air quality and environmental assessments of the effects of certain potentially harmful effluents, namely HCl, Al2O3, CO, and NO.

  15. Status of MARS Code

    SciTech Connect

    N.V. Mokhov

    2003-04-09

    Status and recent developments of the MARS 14 Monte Carlo code system for simulation of hadronic and electromagnetic cascades in shielding, accelerator and detector components in the energy range from a fraction of an electronvolt up to 100 TeV are described. these include physics models both in strong and electromagnetic interaction sectors, variance reduction techniques, residual dose, geometry, tracking, histograming. MAD-MARS Beam Line Build and Graphical-User Interface.

  16. MELCOR computer code manuals

    SciTech Connect

    Summers, R.M.; Cole, R.K. Jr.; Smith, R.C.; Stuart, D.S.; Thompson, S.L.; Hodge, S.A.; Hyman, C.R.; Sanders, R.L.

    1995-03-01

    MELCOR is a fully integrated, engineering-level computer code that models the progression of severe accidents in light water reactor nuclear power plants. MELCOR is being developed at Sandia National Laboratories for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission as a second-generation plant risk assessment tool and the successor to the Source Term Code Package. A broad spectrum of severe accident phenomena in both boiling and pressurized water reactors is treated in MELCOR in a unified framework. These include: thermal-hydraulic response in the reactor coolant system, reactor cavity, containment, and confinement buildings; core heatup, degradation, and relocation; core-concrete attack; hydrogen production, transport, and combustion; fission product release and transport; and the impact of engineered safety features on thermal-hydraulic and radionuclide behavior. Current uses of MELCOR include estimation of severe accident source terms and their sensitivities and uncertainties in a variety of applications. This publication of the MELCOR computer code manuals corresponds to MELCOR 1.8.3, released to users in August, 1994. Volume 1 contains a primer that describes MELCOR`s phenomenological scope, organization (by package), and documentation. The remainder of Volume 1 contains the MELCOR Users Guides, which provide the input instructions and guidelines for each package. Volume 2 contains the MELCOR Reference Manuals, which describe the phenomenological models that have been implemented in each package.

  17. Bar coded retroreflective target

    DOEpatents

    Vann, Charles S. (Fremont, CA)

    2000-01-01

    This small, inexpensive, non-contact laser sensor can detect the location of a retroreflective target in a relatively large volume and up to six degrees of position. The tracker's laser beam is formed into a plane of light which is swept across the space of interest. When the beam illuminates the retroreflector, some of the light returns to the tracker. The intensity, angle, and time of the return beam is measured to calculate the three dimensional location of the target. With three retroreflectors on the target, the locations of three points on the target are measured, enabling the calculation of all six degrees of target position. Until now, devices for three-dimensional tracking of objects in a large volume have been heavy, large, and very expensive. Because of the simplicity and unique characteristics of this tracker, it is capable of three-dimensional tracking of one to several objects in a large volume, yet it is compact, light-weight, and relatively inexpensive. Alternatively, a tracker produces a diverging laser beam which is directed towards a fixed position, and senses when a retroreflective target enters the fixed field of view. An optically bar coded target can be read by the tracker to provide information about the target. The target can be formed of a ball lens with a bar code on one end. As the target moves through the field, the ball lens causes the laser beam to scan across the bar code.

  18. Doubled Color Codes

    E-print Network

    Sergey Bravyi; Andrew Cross

    2015-09-10

    We show how to perform a fault-tolerant universal quantum computation in 2D architectures using only transversal unitary operators and local syndrome measurements. Our approach is based on a doubled version of the 2D color code. It enables a transversal implementation of all logical gates in the Clifford+T basis using the gauge fixing method proposed recently by Paetznick and Reichardt. The gauge fixing requires six-qubit parity measurements for Pauli operators supported on faces of the honeycomb lattice with two qubits per site. Doubled color codes are promising candidates for the experimental demonstration of logical gates since they do not require state distillation. Secondly, we propose a Maximum Likelihood algorithm for the error correction and gauge fixing tasks that enables a numerical simulation of logical circuits in the Clifford+T basis. The algorithm can be used in the online regime such that a new error syndrome is revealed at each time step. We estimate the average number of logical gates that can be implemented reliably for the smallest doubled color code and a toy noise model that includes depolarizing memory errors and syndrome measurement errors.

  19. Hu man minimum redundancy coding

    E-print Network

    Jones, Geraint

    14 Hu#11;man minimum redundancy coding It has become usual to store data and transmit messages a particular coded text. In a classic paper, published in 1952, David Hu#11;man described an algorithm to #12;nd the set of codes that would minimize the expected length 175 #12; 176 Hu#11;man minimum redundancy

  20. Energy Codes and Standards: Facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Bartlett, Rosemarie; Halverson, Mark A.; Shankle, Diana L.

    2007-01-01

    Energy codes and standards play a vital role in the marketplace by setting minimum requirements for energy-efficient design and construction. They outline uniform requirements for new buildings as well as additions and renovations. This article covers basic knowledge of codes and standards; development processes of each; adoption, implementation, and enforcement of energy codes and standards; and voluntary energy efficiency programs.

  1. Ptolemy Coding Style Christopher Brooks

    E-print Network

    Ptolemy Coding Style Christopher Brooks Edward A. Lee Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences;Ptolemy Coding Style Christopher Brooks1 , Edward A. Lee1 , 1 {cxh,eal}@eecs.berkeley.edu, 1 University to the academic community. This document describes the coding style used in Ptolemy II, a package with 550K lines

  2. From Pseudocode to "Real" Code

    E-print Network

    Dahlquist, Kam D.

    From Pseudocode to "Real" Code · Once we have expressed an algorithm in pseudocode, we need one language, or "real" code · For this course, that programming language is JavaScript -- chosen because Languages Unlike pseudocode, programming language code is meant to be "understood" and run by the computer

  3. Publications NODC Taxonomic Code and

    E-print Network

    Publications NODC Taxonomic Code and Marine Science Acronyms NOAA's National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC) has announced the availability of the third edition of its Taxonomic Code. This expanded edition has nearly 28,000 entries giving the sci- entific names and corresponding numer- ical codes

  4. Coding Issues in Grounded Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moghaddam, Alireza

    2006-01-01

    This paper discusses grounded theory as one of the qualitative research designs. It describes how grounded theory generates from data. Three phases of grounded theory--open coding, axial coding, and selective coding--are discussed, along with some of the issues which are the source of debate among grounded theorists, especially between its…

  5. Low Density Parity Check Codes: Bandwidth Efficient Channel Coding

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fong, Wai; Lin, Shu; Maki, Gary; Yeh, Pen-Shu

    2003-01-01

    Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) Codes provide near-Shannon Capacity performance for NASA Missions. These codes have high coding rates R=0.82 and 0.875 with moderate code lengths, n=4096 and 8176. Their decoders have inherently parallel structures which allows for high-speed implementation. Two codes based on Euclidean Geometry (EG) were selected for flight ASIC implementation. These codes are cyclic and quasi-cyclic in nature and therefore have a simple encoder structure. This results in power and size benefits. These codes also have a large minimum distance as much as d,,, = 65 giving them powerful error correcting capabilities and error floors less than lo- BER. This paper will present development of the LDPC flight encoder and decoder, its applications and status.

  6. Structured error recovery for code-word-stabilized quantum codes

    SciTech Connect

    Li Yunfan; Dumer, Ilya; Grassl, Markus; Pryadko, Leonid P.

    2010-05-15

    Code-word-stabilized (CWS) codes are, in general, nonadditive quantum codes that can correct errors by an exhaustive search of different error patterns, similar to the way that we decode classical nonlinear codes. For an n-qubit quantum code correcting errors on up to t qubits, this brute-force approach consecutively tests different errors of weight t or less and employs a separate n-qubit measurement in each test. In this article, we suggest an error grouping technique that allows one to simultaneously test large groups of errors in a single measurement. This structured error recovery technique exponentially reduces the number of measurements by about 3{sup t} times. While it still leaves exponentially many measurements for a generic CWS code, the technique is equivalent to syndrome-based recovery for the special case of additive CWS codes.

  7. Measuring Diagnoses: ICD Code Accuracy

    PubMed Central

    O'Malley, Kimberly J; Cook, Karon F; Price, Matt D; Wildes, Kimberly Raiford; Hurdle, John F; Ashton, Carol M

    2005-01-01

    Objective To examine potential sources of errors at each step of the described inpatient International Classification of Diseases (ICD) coding process. Data Sources/Study Setting The use of disease codes from the ICD has expanded from classifying morbidity and mortality information for statistical purposes to diverse sets of applications in research, health care policy, and health care finance. By describing a brief history of ICD coding, detailing the process for assigning codes, identifying where errors can be introduced into the process, and reviewing methods for examining code accuracy, we help code users more systematically evaluate code accuracy for their particular applications. Study Design/Methods We summarize the inpatient ICD diagnostic coding process from patient admission to diagnostic code assignment. We examine potential sources of errors at each step and offer code users a tool for systematically evaluating code accuracy. Principle Findings Main error sources along the “patient trajectory” include amount and quality of information at admission, communication among patients and providers, the clinician's knowledge and experience with the illness, and the clinician's attention to detail. Main error sources along the “paper trail” include variance in the electronic and written records, coder training and experience, facility quality-control efforts, and unintentional and intentional coder errors, such as misspecification, unbundling, and upcoding. Conclusions By clearly specifying the code assignment process and heightening their awareness of potential error sources, code users can better evaluate the applicability and limitations of codes for their particular situations. ICD codes can then be used in the most appropriate ways. PMID:16178999

  8. Coding for reliable satellite communications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaarder, N. T.; Lin, S.

    1986-07-01

    This research project was set up to study various kinds of coding techniques for error control in satellite and space communications for NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. During the project period, researchers investigated the following areas: (1) decoding of Reed-Solomon codes in terms of dual basis; (2) concatenated and cascaded error control coding schemes for satellite and space communications; (3) use of hybrid coding schemes (error correction and detection incorporated with retransmission) to improve system reliability and throughput in satellite communications; (4) good codes for simultaneous error correction and error detection, and (5) error control techniques for ring and star networks.

  9. Making your code citable with the Astrophysics Source Code Library

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Allen, Alice; DuPrie, Kimberly; Schmidt, Judy; Berriman, G. Bruce; Hanisch, Robert J.; Mink, Jessica D.; Nemiroff, Robert J.; Shamir, Lior; Shortridge, Keith; Taylor, Mark B.; Teuben, Peter J.; Wallin, John F.

    2016-01-01

    The Astrophysics Source Code Library (ASCL, ascl.net) is a free online registry of codes used in astronomy research. With nearly 1,200 codes, it is the largest indexed resource for astronomy codes in existence. Established in 1999, it offers software authors a path to citation of their research codes even without publication of a paper describing the software, and offers scientists a way to find codes used in refereed publications, thus improving the transparency of the research. It also provides a method to quantify the impact of source codes in a fashion similar to the science metrics of journal articles. Citations using ASCL IDs are accepted by major astronomy journals and if formatted properly are tracked by ADS and other indexing services. The number of citations to ASCL entries increased sharply from 110 citations in January 2014 to 456 citations in September 2015. The percentage of code entries in ASCL that were cited at least once rose from 7.5% in January 2014 to 17.4% in September 2015. The ASCL's mid-2014 infrastructure upgrade added an easy entry submission form, more flexible browsing, search capabilities, and an RSS feeder for updates. A Changes/Additions form added this past fall lets authors submit links for papers that use their codes for addition to the ASCL entry even if those papers don't formally cite the codes, thus increasing the transparency of that research and capturing the value of their software to the community.

  10. Shift Gray Codes Aaron Michael Williams

    E-print Network

    Williams, Aaron

    Shift Gray Codes Aaron Michael Williams #12;Background Combinatorial Generation #12;Background Combinatorial Generation Gray codes #12;Background Combinatorial Generation Gray codes Universal cycles #12;Background Combinatorial Generation Gray codes Universal cycles Efficient algorithms #12;Background

  11. Sparse Quantum Codes from Quantum Circuits

    E-print Network

    Bacon, Dave

    Sparse quantum codes are analogous to LDPC codes in that their check operators require examining only a constant number of qubits. In contrast to LDPC codes, good sparse quantum codes are not known, and even to encode a ...

  12. Iterative algorithms for lossy source coding

    E-print Network

    Chandar, Venkat (Venkat Bala)

    2006-01-01

    This thesis explores the problems of lossy source coding and information embedding. For lossy source coding, we analyze low density parity check (LDPC) codes and low density generator matrix (LDGM) codes for quantization ...

  13. JOY computer code

    SciTech Connect

    Couch, R.G.; Albright, E.L.; Alexander, N.B.

    1983-01-01

    JOY is a 3-dimensional multifluid Eulerian hydrocode in Cartesian coordinates. It contains an elastic-plastic treatment and a shock-initiation model for high explosives (HE). Development of JOY was funded by the Ballistic Missile Defense Advanced Technology Center (BMDATC). The intended use of the code was for the study of hypervelocity impacts. The ultimate goal was to perform a structural analysis of objects subject to such impacts. JOY was designed to treat the early-impact phases where material motion is complicated, and then transfer information to DYNA3D for the longer-timescale analysis.

  14. Surface acoustic wave coding for orthogonal frequency coded devices

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Malocha, Donald (Inventor); Kozlovski, Nikolai (Inventor)

    2011-01-01

    Methods and systems for coding SAW OFC devices to mitigate code collisions in a wireless multi-tag system. Each device producing plural stepped frequencies as an OFC signal with a chip offset delay to increase code diversity. A method for assigning a different OCF to each device includes using a matrix based on the number of OFCs needed and the number chips per code, populating each matrix cell with OFC chip, and assigning the codes from the matrix to the devices. The asynchronous passive multi-tag system includes plural surface acoustic wave devices each producing a different OFC signal having the same number of chips and including a chip offset time delay, an algorithm for assigning OFCs to each device, and a transceiver to transmit an interrogation signal and receive OFC signals in response with minimal code collisions during transmission.

  15. Interframe vector wavelet coding technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wus, John P.; Li, Weiping

    1997-01-01

    Wavelet coding is often used to divide an image into multi- resolution wavelet coefficients which are quantized and coded. By 'vectorizing' scalar wavelet coding and combining this with vector quantization (VQ), vector wavelet coding (VWC) can be implemented. Using a finite number of states, finite-state vector quantization (FSVQ) takes advantage of the similarity between frames by incorporating memory into the video coding system. Lattice VQ eliminates the potential mismatch that could occur using pre-trained VQ codebooks. It also eliminates the need for codebook storage in the VQ process, thereby creating a more robust coding system. Therefore, by using the VWC coding method in conjunction with the FSVQ system and lattice VQ, the formulation of a high quality very low bit rate coding systems is proposed. A coding system using a simple FSVQ system where the current state is determined by the previous channel symbol only is developed. To achieve a higher degree of compression, a tree-like FSVQ system is implemented. The groupings are done in this tree-like structure from the lower subbands to the higher subbands in order to exploit the nature of subband analysis in terms of the parent-child relationship. Class A and Class B video sequences from the MPEG-IV testing evaluations are used in the evaluation of this coding method.

  16. DETAIL CODE REQUEST Student Business Services

    E-print Network

    Behmer, Spencer T.

    DETAIL CODE REQUEST Student Business Services Date of Request: Effective Date: New Detail Code (Select type Below) Change Existing Detail Code (Enter detail code ) DETAIL CODE TYPE Field Trip Field Course Fall Spring Summer (Check All Terms Fee is to be Charged) Suggested Detail Code Description (30

  17. Conjugate Codes and Applications to Cryptography

    E-print Network

    Mitsuru Hamada

    2006-10-23

    A conjugate code pair is defined as a pair of linear codes such that one contains the dual of the other. The conjugate code pair represents the essential structure of the corresponding Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) quantum code. It is argued that conjugate code pairs are applicable to quantum cryptography in order to motivate studies on conjugate code pairs.

  18. Genetic code for sine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdullah, Alyasa Gan; Wah, Yap Bee

    2015-02-01

    The computation of the approximate values of the trigonometric sines was discovered by Bhaskara I (c. 600-c.680), a seventh century Indian mathematician and is known as the Bjaskara's I's sine approximation formula. The formula is given in his treatise titled Mahabhaskariya. In the 14th century, Madhava of Sangamagrama, a Kerala mathematician astronomer constructed the table of trigonometric sines of various angles. Madhava's table gives the measure of angles in arcminutes, arcseconds and sixtieths of an arcsecond. The search for more accurate formulas led to the discovery of the power series expansion by Madhava of Sangamagrama (c.1350-c. 1425), the founder of the Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics. In 1715, the Taylor series was introduced by Brook Taylor an English mathematician. If the Taylor series is centered at zero, it is called a Maclaurin series, named after the Scottish mathematician Colin Maclaurin. Some of the important Maclaurin series expansions include trigonometric functions. This paper introduces the genetic code of the sine of an angle without using power series expansion. The genetic code using square root approach reveals the pattern in the signs (plus, minus) and sequence of numbers in the sine of an angle. The square root approach complements the Pythagoras method, provides a better understanding of calculating an angle and will be useful for teaching the concepts of angles in trigonometry.

  19. Development of safety incident coding systems through improving coding reliability.

    PubMed

    Olsen, Nikki S; Williamson, Ann M

    2015-11-01

    This paper reviews classification theory sources to develop five research questions concerning factors associated with incident coding system development and use and how these factors affect coding reliability. Firstly, a method was developed to enable the comparison of reliability results obtained using different methods. Second, a statistical and qualitative review of reliability studies was conducted to investigate the influence of the identified factors on the reliability of incident coding systems. As a result several factors were found to have a statistically significant effect on reliability. Four recommendations for system development and use are provided to assist researchers in improving the reliability of incident coding systems in high hazard industries. PMID:26154213

  20. On multilevel block modulation codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kasami, Tadao; Takata, Toyoo; Fujiwara, Toru; Lin, Shu

    1991-01-01

    The multilevel (ML) technique for combining block coding and modulation is investigated. A general formulation is presented for ML modulation codes in terms of component codes with appropriate distance measures. A specific method for constructing ML block modulation codes (MLBMCs) with interdependency among component codes is proposed. Given an MLBMC C with no interdependency among the binary component codes, the proposed method gives an MLBC C-prime that has the same rate as C, a minimum squared Euclidean distance not less than that of C, a trellis diagram with the same number of states as that of C, and a smaller number of nearest-neighbor codewords than that of C. Finally, a technique is presented for analyzing the error performance of MLBMCs for an additive white Gaussian noise channel based on soft-decision maximum-likelihood decoding.

  1. Multi-Band UWB Sensor Networks for high density sub-surface diagnostic

    E-print Network

    Savazzi, Stefano

    and Network Set-Up Delay I. L'Abbate D.E.I., Politecnico di Milano P.zza L. da Vinci, 32 I-20133 Milano. Savazzi D.E.I., Politecnico di Milano P.zza L. da Vinci, 32 I-20133 Milano, IT savazzi@elet.polimi.it L.E.I., Politecnico di Milano P.zza L. da Vinci, 32 I-20133 Milano, IT spagnoli@elet.polimi.it Matti Latva-aho CWC P

  2. Bar-Code-Scribing Tool

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Badinger, Michael A.; Drouant, George J.

    1991-01-01

    Proposed hand-held tool applies indelible bar code to small parts. Possible to identify parts for management of inventory without tags or labels. Microprocessor supplies bar-code data to impact-printer-like device. Device drives replaceable scribe, which cuts bar code on surface of part. Used to mark serially controlled parts for military and aerospace equipment. Also adapts for discrete marking of bulk items used in food and pharmaceutical processing.

  3. CTEP Highlights — Site Code Policy

    Cancer.gov

    The Site Code Working Group had released a final draft version of the Site Code Policy. The Site Code Working Group participants included staff from the Cooperative Groups, CTEP’s Pharmaceutical Management Branch (PMB), Clinical Trials Monitoring Branch (CTMB), and Clinical Investigations Branch (CIB), from the Division of Cancer Prevention (DCP), from contractors supporting the Cancer Trials Support Unit (CTSU), Enterprise Core Unit (ECU), AdEERs, and CDUS.

  4. Turbo Codes for PCS Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Divsalar, D.; Pollara, F.

    1995-01-01

    A number of the claims for turbo codes as a great advance in coding theory are confirmed, and a complete description is presented of an encoder/decoder pair that could be suitable for PCS applications. A new simple method for trellis termination is described, the effect of interleaver choice on the weight distribution of the code is analyzed, and unequal rate components (which yield better performance) are introduced.

  5. Astrophysics Source Code Library Enhancements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hanisch, R. J.; Allen, A.; Berriman, G. B.; DuPrie, K.; Mink, J.; Nemiroff, R. J.; Schmidt, J.; Shamir, L.; Shortridge, K.; Taylor, M.; Teuben, P. J.; Wallin, J.

    2015-09-01

    The Astrophysics Source Code Library (ASCL)1 is a free online registry of codes used in astronomy research; it currently contains over 900 codes and is indexed by ADS. The ASCL has recently moved a new infrastructure into production. The new site provides a true database for the code entries and integrates the WordPress news and information pages and the discussion forum into one site. Previous capabilities are retained and permalinks to ascl.net continue to work. This improvement offers more functionality and flexibility than the previous site, is easier to maintain, and offers new possibilities for collaboration. This paper covers these recent changes to the ASCL.

  6. Nonbinary Codeword Stabilized Quantum Codes

    E-print Network

    Xie Chen; Bei Zeng; Isaac L. Chuang

    2008-08-22

    The codeword stabilized (CWS) quantum codes formalism presents a unifying approach to both additive and nonadditive quantum error-correcting codes (arXiv:0708.1021 [quant-ph]), but only for binary states. Here we generalize the CWS framework to the nonbinary case (of both prime and nonprime dimension) and map the search for nonbinary quantum codes to a corresponding search problem for classical nonbinary codes with specific error patterns. We show that while the additivity properties of nonbinary CWS codes are similar to the binary case, the structural properties of the nonbinary codes differ substantially from the binary case, even for prime dimensions. In particular, we identify specific structure patterns of stabilizer groups, based on which efficient constructions might be possible for codes that encode more dimensions than any stabilizer codes of the same length and distance; similar methods cannot be applied in the binary case. Understanding of these structural properties can help prune the search space and facilitate the identification of good nonbinary CWS codes.

  7. Parallelization of the SIR code

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thonhofer, S.; Bellot Rubio, L. R.; Utz, D.; Jur?ak, J.; Hanslmeier, A.; Piantschitsch, I.; Pauritsch, J.; Lemmerer, B.; Guttenbrunner, S.

    A high-resolution 3-dimensional model of the photospheric magnetic field is essential for the investigation of small-scale solar magnetic phenomena. The SIR code is an advanced Stokes-inversion code that deduces physical quantities, e.g. magnetic field vector, temperature, and LOS velocity, from spectropolarimetric data. We extended this code by the capability of directly using large data sets and inverting the pixels in parallel. Due to this parallelization it is now feasible to apply the code directly on extensive data sets. Besides, we included the possibility to use different initial model atmospheres for the inversion, which enhances the quality of the results.

  8. The FLUKA Code: An Overview

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ballarini, F.; Battistoni, G.; Campanella, M.; Carboni, M.; Cerutti, F.; Empl, A.; Fasso, A.; Ferrari, A.; Gadioli, E.; Garzelli, M. V.; Lantz, M.; Liotta, M.; Mairani, A.; Mostacci, A.; Muraro, S.; Ottolenghi, A.; Pelliccioni, M.; Pinsky, L.; Ranft, J.; Roesler, S.; Sala, P. R.; Scannicchio, D.; Trovati, S.; Villari, R.; Wilson, T.

    2006-01-01

    FLUKA is a multipurpose Monte Carlo code which can transport a variety of particles over a wide energy range in complex geometries. The code is a joint project of INFN and CERN: part of its development is also supported by the University of Houston and NASA. FLUKA is successfully applied in several fields, including but not only, particle physics, cosmic ray physics, dosimetry, radioprotection, hadron therapy, space radiation, accelerator design and neutronics. The code is the standard tool used at CERN for dosimetry, radioprotection and beam-machine interaction studies. Here we give a glimpse into the code physics models with a particular emphasis to the hadronic and nuclear sector.

  9. High Order Modulation Protograph Codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nguyen, Thuy V. (Inventor); Nosratinia, Aria (Inventor); Divsalar, Dariush (Inventor)

    2014-01-01

    Digital communication coding methods for designing protograph-based bit-interleaved code modulation that is general and applies to any modulation. The general coding framework can support not only multiple rates but also adaptive modulation. The method is a two stage lifting approach. In the first stage, an original protograph is lifted to a slightly larger intermediate protograph. The intermediate protograph is then lifted via a circulant matrix to the expected codeword length to form a protograph-based low-density parity-check code.

  10. Peripheral coding of taste

    PubMed Central

    Liman, Emily R.; Zhang, Yali V.; Montell, Craig

    2014-01-01

    Five canonical tastes, bitter, sweet, umami (amino acid), salty and sour (acid) are detected by animals as diverse as fruit flies and humans, consistent with a near universal drive to consume fundamental nutrients and to avoid toxins or other harmful compounds. Surprisingly, despite this strong conservation of basic taste qualities between vertebrates and invertebrates, the receptors and signaling mechanisms that mediate taste in each are highly divergent. The identification over the last two decades of receptors and other molecules that mediate taste has led to stunning advances in our understanding of the basic mechanisms of transduction and coding of information by the gustatory systems of vertebrates and invertebrates. In this review, we discuss recent advances in taste research, mainly from the fly and mammalian systems, and we highlight principles that are common across species, despite stark differences in receptor types. PMID:24607224

  11. Telescope Adaptive Optics Code

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    2005-07-28

    The Telescope AO Code has general adaptive optics capabilities plus specialized models for three telescopes with either adaptive optics or active optics systems. It has the capability to generate either single-layer or distributed Kolmogorov turbulence phase screens using the FFT. Missing low order spatial frequencies are added using the Karhunen-Loeve expansion. The phase structure curve is extremely dose to the theoreUcal. Secondly, it has the capability to simulate an adaptive optics control systems. The defaultmore »parameters are those of the Keck II adaptive optics system. Thirdly, it has a general wave optics capability to model the science camera halo due to scintillation from atmospheric turbulence and the telescope optics. Although this capability was implemented for the Gemini telescopes, the only default parameter specific to the Gemini telescopes is the primary mirror diameter. Finally, it has a model for the LSST active optics alignment strategy. This last model is highly specific to the LSST« less

  12. Electromagnetic particle simulation codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pritchett, P. L.

    1985-01-01

    Electromagnetic particle simulations solve the full set of Maxwell's equations. They thus include the effects of self-consistent electric and magnetic fields, magnetic induction, and electromagnetic radiation. The algorithms for an electromagnetic code which works directly with the electric and magnetic fields are described. The fields and current are separated into transverse and longitudinal components. The transverse E and B fields are integrated in time using a leapfrog scheme applied to the Fourier components. The particle pushing is performed via the relativistic Lorentz force equation for the particle momentum. As an example, simulation results are presented for the electron cyclotron maser instability which illustrate the importance of relativistic effects on the wave-particle resonance condition and on wave dispersion.

  13. The CONTAIN code project

    SciTech Connect

    Griffith, R.O.; Murata, K.K.; Williams, D.C.

    1996-12-31

    CONTAIN is a detailed computer code developed by Sandia National Laboratories under U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) sponsorship to provide integrated analysis of containment phenomena. CONTAIN provides the knowledgeable analyst with the capability to predict nuclear reactor containment loads, radiological source terms, and associated physical phenomena under accident conditions. The purpose of CONTAIN is to provide the NRC with predictive containment analysis capabilities and to serve as a tool that can be used to provide technical information in support of regulatory decisions. CONTAIN represents a balance between the current state of the art in containment phenomenological understanding, simpler parametric models, insight from experimental data, and capabilities to explore phenomenological uncertainties. Mechanistic models are employed when the phenomena are well understood, while more parametric approaches are used when the phenomena are less certain.

  14. Cracking the bioelectric code

    PubMed Central

    Tseng, AiSun; Levin, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Patterns of resting potential in non-excitable cells of living tissue are now known to be instructive signals for pattern formation during embryogenesis, regeneration and cancer suppression. The development of molecular-level techniques for tracking ion flows and functionally manipulating the activity of ion channels and pumps has begun to reveal the mechanisms by which voltage gradients regulate cell behaviors and the assembly of complex large-scale structures. A recent paper demonstrated that a specific voltage range is necessary for demarcation of eye fields in the frog embryo. Remarkably, artificially setting other somatic cells to the eye-specific voltage range resulted in formation of eyes in aberrant locations, including tissues that are not in the normal anterior ectoderm lineage: eyes could be formed in the gut, on the tail, or in the lateral plate mesoderm. These data challenge the existing models of eye fate restriction and tissue competence maps, and suggest the presence of a bioelectric code—a mapping of physiological properties to anatomical outcomes. This Addendum summarizes the current state of knowledge in developmental bioelectricity, proposes three possible interpretations of the bioelectric code that functionally maps physiological states to anatomical outcomes, and highlights the biggest open questions in this field. We also suggest a speculative hypothesis at the intersection of cognitive science and developmental biology: that bioelectrical signaling among non-excitable cells coupled by gap junctions simulates neural network-like dynamics, and underlies the information processing functions required by complex pattern formation in vivo. Understanding and learning to control the information stored in physiological networks will have transformative implications for developmental biology, regenerative medicine and synthetic bioengineering. PMID:23802040

  15. Transionospheric Propagation Code (TIPC)

    SciTech Connect

    Roussel-Dupre, R.; Kelley, T.A.

    1990-10-01

    The Transionospheric Propagation Code is a computer program developed at Los Alamos National Lab to perform certain tasks related to the detection of vhf signals following propagation through the ionosphere. The code is written in Fortran 77, runs interactively and was designed to be as machine independent as possible. A menu format in which the user is prompted to supply appropriate parameters for a given task has been adopted for the input while the output is primarily in the form of graphics. The user has the option of selecting from five basic tasks, namely transionospheric propagation, signal filtering, signal processing, DTOA study, and DTOA uncertainty study. For the first task a specified signal is convolved against the impulse response function of the ionosphere to obtain the transionospheric signal. The user is given a choice of four analytic forms for the input pulse or of supplying a tabular form. The option of adding Gaussian-distributed white noise of spectral noise to the input signal is also provided. The deterministic ionosphere is characterized to first order in terms of a total electron content (TEC) along the propagation path. In addition, a scattering model parameterized in terms of a frequency coherence bandwidth is also available. In the second task, detection is simulated by convolving a given filter response against the transionospheric signal. The user is given a choice of a wideband filter or a narrowband Gaussian filter. It is also possible to input a filter response. The third task provides for quadrature detection, envelope detection, and three different techniques for time-tagging the arrival of the transionospheric signal at specified receivers. The latter algorithms can be used to determine a TEC and thus take out the effects of the ionosphere to first order. Task four allows the user to construct a table of delta-times-of-arrival (DTOAs) vs TECs for a specified pair of receivers.

  16. Space time coded code division multiplexing on SC140 DSP 

    E-print Network

    Menon, Murali P

    2001-01-01

    The aim of this research is to design a high data rate wireless communication system for multi-path fading channels. Code-division multiplexing is proposed as a modulation scheme for a space-time coded multiple antenna system that would guarantee...

  17. Rate-Adaptive Codes for Distributed Source Coding David Varodayan

    E-print Network

    Girod, Bernd

    S with respect to a channel code C. Upon receipt of the syndrome, the distributed source decoder can narrow down- proach with their DISCUS framework [7]. The distributed source encoder compresses X into its syndrome is an at- tractive solution. The encoder transmits a short syndrome based on an aggressive code

  18. CodeMetropolis: Eclipse over the City of Source Code

    E-print Network

    Beszedes, Árpád

    CodeMetropolis: Eclipse over the City of Source Code Gergo Balogh, Attila Szabolics, and ´Arp to integrate our visualization tool into the Eclipse IDE environment. Previously, only standalone usage the analysis is performed in the background. The new version of the tool now includes an Eclipse plug

  19. Efficient video coding based on backward coding of wavelet trees

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ye, Linning; Guo, Jiangling; Nutter, Brian; Mitra, Sunanda

    2012-04-01

    The authors present a wavelet tree-based video coding system, which is referred to as three-dimensional (3-D) backward coding of wavelet trees (BCWT). The 3-D BCWT algorithm encodes the wavelet trees from the lowest wavelet level to the highest wavelet level. All the coding steps for each wavelet coefficient are finished during one coding pass, which makes this algorithm very efficient. The coding process of the 3-D BCWT algorithm is subband by subband, so that a coefficient will be encoded only after all the coefficients in the next lower-level wavelet subbands have been encoded. The output bitstream of the encoder is therefore layered according to the wavelet level. The implementation results show that the 3-D BCWT algorithm has almost identical rate distortion performance to the well-known 3-D set partitioning in hierarchical trees (SPIHT) algorithm. However, it is computationally more efficient and uses significantly less memory than the 3-D SPIHT algorithm.

  20. Error coding simulations in C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Noble, Viveca K.

    1994-01-01

    When data is transmitted through a noisy channel, errors are produced within the data rendering it indecipherable. Through the use of error control coding techniques, the bit error rate can be reduced to any desired level without sacrificing the transmission data rate. The Astrionics Laboratory at Marshall Space Flight Center has decided to use a modular, end-to-end telemetry data simulator to simulate the transmission of data from flight to ground and various methods of error control. The simulator includes modules for random data generation, data compression, Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) transfer frame formation, error correction/detection, error generation and error statistics. The simulator utilizes a concatenated coding scheme which includes CCSDS standard (255,223) Reed-Solomon (RS) code over GF(2(exp 8)) with interleave depth of 5 as the outermost code, (7, 1/2) convolutional code as an inner code and CCSDS recommended (n, n-16) cyclic redundancy check (CRC) code as the innermost code, where n is the number of information bits plus 16 parity bits. The received signal-to-noise for a desired bit error rate is greatly reduced through the use of forward error correction techniques. Even greater coding gain is provided through the use of a concatenated coding scheme. Interleaving/deinterleaving is necessary to randomize burst errors which may appear at the input of the RS decoder. The burst correction capability length is increased in proportion to the interleave depth. The modular nature of the simulator allows for inclusion or exclusion of modules as needed. This paper describes the development and operation of the simulator, the verification of a C-language Reed-Solomon code, and the possibility of using Comdisco SPW(tm) as a tool for determining optimal error control schemes.

  1. Praktika welt-offen 2005 Mo. 14.11.2005, 10.00-18.00 Uhr

    E-print Network

    Kaus, Boris

    DA VINCI (Leonardo Kontaktstelle Hochschule-Wirtschaft Rheinland-Pfalz) MLP (Finanzdienstleistungen Experience) Interswop (Vermittlung von Auslandsaufenthalten und Praktika, Sprach- u. Bildungsreisen) LEONARDO

  2. ACCELERATION PHYSICS CODE WEB REPOSITORY.

    SciTech Connect

    WEI, J.

    2006-06-26

    In the framework of the CARE HHH European Network, we have developed a web-based dynamic accelerator-physics code repository. We describe the design, structure and contents of this repository, illustrate its usage, and discuss our future plans, with emphasis on code benchmarking.

  3. Computer algorithm for coding gain

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dodd, E. E.

    1974-01-01

    Development of a computer algorithm for coding gain for use in an automated communications link design system. Using an empirical formula which defines coding gain as used in space communications engineering, an algorithm is constructed on the basis of available performance data for nonsystematic convolutional encoding with soft-decision (eight-level) Viterbi decoding.

  4. Code of ethics for epidemiologists.

    PubMed

    Cook, R R

    1991-01-01

    The importance of a written code of ethics for epidemiologists is growing. This paper explores the reasons for developing such a code and the issues that should be addressed during its implementation. It concludes with recommendations on format and content. The latter includes sections on obligations epidemiologists have to subjects, society, funders and employers and colleagues. PMID:2030385

  5. Breaking the Code of Silence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halbig, Wolfgang W.

    2000-01-01

    Schools and communities must break the adolescent code of silence concerning threats of violence. Schools need character education stressing courage, caring, and responsibility; regular discussions of the school discipline code; formal security discussions with parents; 24-hour hotlines; and protocols for handling reports of potential violence.…

  6. Secure Symmetrical Multilevel Diversity Coding 

    E-print Network

    Li, Shuo

    2012-07-16

    Secure symmetrical multilevel diversity coding (S-SMDC) is a source coding problem, where a total of L - N discrete memoryless sources (S1,...,S_L-N) are to be encoded by a total of L encoders. This thesis considers a natural generalization of SMDC...

  7. LFSC - Linac Feedback Simulation Code

    SciTech Connect

    Ivanov, Valentin; /Fermilab

    2008-05-01

    The computer program LFSC (Code>) is a numerical tool for simulation beam based feedback in high performance linacs. The code LFSC is based on the earlier version developed by a collective of authors at SLAC (L.Hendrickson, R. McEwen, T. Himel, H. Shoaee, S. Shah, P. Emma, P. Schultz) during 1990-2005. That code was successively used in simulation of SLC, TESLA, CLIC and NLC projects. It can simulate as pulse-to-pulse feedback on timescale corresponding to 5-100 Hz, as slower feedbacks, operating in the 0.1-1 Hz range in the Main Linac and Beam Delivery System. The code LFSC is running under Matlab for MS Windows operating system. It contains about 30,000 lines of source code in more than 260 subroutines. The code uses the LIAR ('Linear Accelerator Research code') for particle tracking under ground motion and technical noise perturbations. It uses the Guinea Pig code to simulate the luminosity performance. A set of input files includes the lattice description (XSIF format), and plane text files with numerical parameters, wake fields, ground motion data etc. The Matlab environment provides a flexible system for graphical output.

  8. Rotationally invariant multilevel block codes 

    E-print Network

    Kulandaivelu, Anita

    1993-01-01

    Amplitude Modulation-Phase Modulation (AM-PM), and the 16 QAM constellations. Bose Chaudhuri-Hocquengham (BCH), Reed-Muller (RM), non-binary codes are used for simulation of the designed systems. Decoding of these codes using both hard and soft decisions...

  9. Video multicast using network coding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramasubramonian, Adarsh K.; Woods, John W.

    2009-01-01

    We investigate the problem of video multicast in lossy networks using network coding and multiple description codes. The rate allocation for multiple descriptions can be optimized at the source to generate a scalable video bitstream such that the expected PSNR of the video at the receivers is maximized. We show that using network coding with multiple description codes can significantly improve the quality of video obtained at the receiver, in comparison to routing (with or without replication). Simulations show that as the loss rate increases, the improvement in the performance increases and in certain cases for loss rate of 0.20, the improvement can be as high as 3 to 3.5 dB when compared to routing with replication. Moreover, network coding obviates the need to construct multiple multicast trees for transmission, which is necessary in routing with replication.

  10. Best practices for code release

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berriman, G. Bruce

    2016-01-01

    In this talk, I want to describe what I think are the best practices for releasing code and having it adopted by end users. Make sure your code is licensed, so users will know how the software can be used and modified, and place your code in a public repository that (and make sure that you follow institutional policies in doing this). Yet licensing and releasing code are not enough: the code must be organized and documented so users can understand what it does, what its limitations are, and how to build and use it. I will describe what I think are best practices in developing the content to support release, including tutorials, design documents, specifications of interfaces and so on. Much of what I have learned on based on ten years of experience in supporting releases of the Montage Image Mosaic Engine.

  11. The Cosmic Code Comparison Project

    E-print Network

    Heitmann, Katrin; Fasel, Patricia; Habib, Salman; Warren, Michael S; White, Martin; Ahrens, James; Ankeny, Lee; Armstrong, Ryan; O'Shea, Brian; Ricker, Paul M; Springel, Volker; Stadel, Joachim; Trac, Hy

    2007-01-01

    Current and upcoming cosmological observations allow us to probe structures on smaller and smaller scales, entering highly nonlinear regimes. In order to obtain theoretical predictions in these regimes, large cosmological simulations have to be carried out. The promised high accuracy from observations make the simulation task very demanding: the simulations have to be at least as accurate as the observations. This requirement can only be fulfilled by carrying out an extensive code validation program. The first step of such a program is the comparison of different cosmology codes including gravitation interactions only. In this paper we extend a recently carried out code comparison project to include five more simulation codes. We restrict our analysis to a small cosmological volume which allows us to investigate properties of halos. For the matter power spectrum and the mass function, the previous results hold, with the codes agreeing at the 10% level over wide dynamic ranges. We extend our analysis to the co...

  12. Coding polymorphism for phylogeny reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Kornet, D J; Turner, H

    1999-06-01

    The methodology of coding polymorphic taxa has received limited attention to date. A search of the taxonomic literature revealed seven types of coding methods. Apart from ignoring polymorphic characters (sometimes called the fixed-only method), two main categories can be distinguished: methods that identify the start of a new character state with the origin of an evolutionary novelty, and methods that identify the new state with the fixation of a novelty. The methods of the first category introduce soft reversals, yielding signals that support cladograms incompatible with true phylogenies. We conclude that coding the plesiomorphy is the method to be preferred, unless the ancestral state is unknown, in which case coding as ambiguous is recommended. This holds for coding polymorphism in species as well as in supraspecific taxa. In this light we remark on methods proposed by previous authors. PMID:12066713

  13. Patched Conic Trajectory Code

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Park, Brooke Anderson; Wright, Henry

    2012-01-01

    PatCon code was developed to help mission designers run trade studies on launch and arrival times for any given planet. Initially developed in Fortran, the required inputs included launch date, arrival date, and other orbital parameters of the launch planet and arrival planets at the given dates. These parameters include the position of the planets, the eccentricity, semi-major axes, argument of periapsis, ascending node, and inclination of the planets. With these inputs, a patched conic approximation is used to determine the trajectory. The patched conic approximation divides the planetary mission into three parts: (1) the departure phase, in which the two relevant bodies are Earth and the spacecraft, and where the trajectory is a departure hyperbola with Earth at the focus; (2) the cruise phase, in which the two bodies are the Sun and the spacecraft, and where the trajectory is a transfer ellipse with the Sun at the focus; and (3) the arrival phase, in which the two bodies are the target planet and the spacecraft, where the trajectory is an arrival hyperbola with the planet as the focus.

  14. Facilitating Internet-Scale Code Retrieval

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bajracharya, Sushil Krishna

    2010-01-01

    Internet-Scale code retrieval deals with the representation, storage, and access of relevant source code from a large amount of source code available on the Internet. Internet-Scale code retrieval systems support common emerging practices among software developers related to finding and reusing source code. In this dissertation we focus on some…

  15. Code of Practice Discipline in Residences

    E-print Network

    Birmingham, University of

    Code of Practice Discipline in Residences 2015-16 1 UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM CODE OF PRACTICE ON DISCIPLINE IN RESIDENCES #12;Code of Practice Discipline in Residences 2015-16 2 Index of points 1;Code of Practice Discipline in Residences 2015-16 3 1. Introduction 1.1 This Code of Practice applies

  16. Bandwidth efficient coding for satellite communications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lin, Shu; Costello, Daniel J., Jr.; Miller, Warner H.; Morakis, James C.; Poland, William B., Jr.

    1992-01-01

    An error control coding scheme was devised to achieve large coding gain and high reliability by using coded modulation with reduced decoding complexity. To achieve a 3 to 5 dB coding gain and moderate reliability, the decoding complexity is quite modest. In fact, to achieve a 3 dB coding gain, the decoding complexity is quite simple, no matter whether trellis coded modulation or block coded modulation is used. However, to achieve coding gains exceeding 5 dB, the decoding complexity increases drastically, and the implementation of the decoder becomes very expensive and unpractical. The use is proposed of coded modulation in conjunction with concatenated (or cascaded) coding. A good short bandwidth efficient modulation code is used as the inner code and relatively powerful Reed-Solomon code is used as the outer code. With properly chosen inner and outer codes, a concatenated coded modulation scheme not only can achieve large coding gains and high reliability with good bandwidth efficiency but also can be practically implemented. This combination of coded modulation and concatenated coding really offers a way of achieving the best of three worlds, reliability and coding gain, bandwidth efficiency, and decoding complexity.

  17. Number of minimum-weight code words in a product code

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miller, R. L.

    1978-01-01

    Consideration is given to the number of minimum-weight code words in a product code. The code is considered as a tensor product of linear codes over a finite field. Complete theorems and proofs are presented.

  18. ETR/ITER systems code

    SciTech Connect

    Barr, W.L.; Bathke, C.G.; Brooks, J.N.; Bulmer, R.H.; Busigin, A.; DuBois, P.F.; Fenstermacher, M.E.; Fink, J.; Finn, P.A.; Galambos, J.D.; Gohar, Y.; Gorker, G.E.; Haines, J.R.; Hassanein, A.M.; Hicks, D.R.; Ho, S.K.; Kalsi, S.S.; Kalyanam, K.M.; Kerns, J.A.; Lee, J.D.; Miller, J.R.; Miller, R.L.; Myall, J.O.; Peng, Y-K.M.; Perkins, L.J.; Spampinato, P.T.; Strickler, D.J.; Thomson, S.L.; Wagner, C.E.; Willms, R.S.; Reid, R.L.

    1988-04-01

    A tokamak systems code capable of modeling experimental test reactors has been developed and is described in this document. The code, named TETRA (for Tokamak Engineering Test Reactor Analysis), consists of a series of modules, each describing a tokamak system or component, controlled by an optimizer/driver. This code development was a national effort in that the modules were contributed by members of the fusion community and integrated into a code by the Fusion Engineering Design Center. The code has been checked out on the Cray computers at the National Magnetic Fusion Energy Computing Center and has satisfactorily simulated the Tokamak Ignition/Burn Experimental Reactor II (TIBER) design. A feature of this code is the ability to perform optimization studies through the use of a numerical software package, which iterates prescribed variables to satisfy a set of prescribed equations or constraints. This code will be used to perform sensitivity studies for the proposed International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). 22 figs., 29 tabs.

  19. Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Fire Management Plan at Regional Scale in

    E-print Network

    . Agroselviter, University of Turin, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (TO) Italy. email: elisa.guglielmet@unito.it. Doctor in Forestry, Dep. Agroselviter, University of Turin, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco­22 April 2004, Cordoba, Spain. Full Professor, Dept. Agroselviter, University of Turin, Via Leonardo da

  20. Dealing with Changes in Service Orchestrations Leandro Sales Pinto

    E-print Network

    Cugola, Gianpaolo

    Dipartimento di Elettronica e Informazione - DEI Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci, 32 Milano, Italy pinto Elettronica e Informazione - DEI Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci, 32 Milano, Italy ghezzi@elet.polimi.it ABSTRACT@elet.polimi.it Gianpaolo Cugola Politecnico di Milano Dipartimento di Elettronica e Informazione - DEI Piazza Leonardo Da

  1. This article has been accepted for publication in a future issue of this journal, but has not been fully edited. Content may change prior to final publication. > No. TNSRE-2008-00207) < 1

    E-print Network

    Leonardo da Vinci, 32, 20133, Milano, Italy (e-mail: mariagabriella.signorini@biomed.polimi.it). S. M, Politecnico di Milano, piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32, 20133, Milano, Italy (e-mail: sergio, 2008. F. Esposti is with the Dipartimento di Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, piazza Leonardo da

  2. Verbale del Consiglio di Amministrazione del 20/12/2011 Strutt. proponente: TecnicoEdilizia

    E-print Network

    _12, Sede Milano Città Studi, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32, Ristrutturazione spazi aula F.1.1; - Progressivo Studi, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32, Restauro facciate) posticipata ad anni successivi. 4. l 3 (4 nello schema di settembre), ID progetto 2006_12, Sede Milano Città Studi, Piazza Leonardo da

  3. Surface code implementation of block code state distillation

    E-print Network

    Austin G. Fowler; Simon J. Devitt; Cody Jones

    2013-01-29

    State distillation is the process of taking a number of imperfect copies of a particular quantum state and producing fewer better copies. Until recently, the lowest overhead method of distilling states |A>=(|0>+e^{i\\pi/4}|1>)/\\sqrt{2} produced a single improved |A> state given 15 input copies. New block code state distillation methods can produce k improved |A> states given 3k+8 input copies, potentially significantly reducing the overhead associated with state distillation. We construct an explicit surface code implementation of block code state distillation and quantitatively compare the overhead of this approach to the old. We find that, using the best available techniques, for parameters of practical interest, block code state distillation does not always lead to lower overhead, and, when it does, the overhead reduction is typically less than a factor of three.

  4. Performance of pseudo-orthogonal codes in temporal, spatial, and spectral code division multiple access systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mendez, Antonio J.; Gagliardi, Robert M.

    1991-02-01

    Systematic relationships among codes code weights and code length have been developed for pseudo orthogonal codes. Special emphasis has been placed on identifying minimum code lengths applicable to code division multiple access systems for given codes and weights. These derived relationships are applied to temporal spatial and spectral CDMA systems to estimate their link budgets complexity and performance in various communication applications. The construction and benefits of a new class of hybrid pseudo orthogonal codes is discussed.

  5. Understanding the Code: upholding dignity.

    PubMed

    Griffith, Richard

    2015-04-01

    The Nursing and Midwifery Council, the statutory professional regulator for registered district nurses, has introduced a revised code of standards that came into effect on 31 March 2015. The Code makes clear that while district nurses can interpret the values and principles for use in community settings, the standards are not negotiable or discretionary. They must be applied, otherwise the district nurse's fitness to practice will be called into question. In the second of a series of articles analysing the legal implications of the Code on district nurse practice, the author considers the first standard, which requires district nurses to treat people as individuals and to uphold their dignity. PMID:25839879

  6. State building energy codes status

    SciTech Connect

    1996-09-01

    This document contains the State Building Energy Codes Status prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC06-76RL01830 and dated September 1996. The U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Codes and Standards has developed this document to provide an information resource for individuals interested in energy efficiency of buildings and the relevant building energy codes in each state and U.S. territory. This is considered to be an evolving document and will be updated twice a year. In addition, special state updates will be issued as warranted.

  7. Entanglement-assisted codeword stabilized quantum codes

    SciTech Connect

    Shin, Jeonghwan; Heo, Jun; Brun, Todd A.

    2011-12-15

    Entangled qubits can increase the capacity of quantum error-correcting codes based on stabilizer codes. In addition, by using entanglement quantum stabilizer codes can be construct from classical linear codes that do not satisfy the dual-containing constraint. We show that it is possible to construct both additive and nonadditive quantum codes using the codeword stabilized quantum code framework. Nonadditive codes may offer improved performance over the more common stabilizer codes. Like other entanglement-assisted codes, the encoding procedure acts only on the qubits on Alice's side, and only these qubits are assumed to pass through the channel. However, errors in the codeword stabilized quantum code framework give rise to effective Z errors on Bob's side. We use this scheme to construct entanglement-assisted nonadditive quantum codes, in particular, ((5,16,2;1)) and ((7,4,5;4)) codes.

  8. Info Theories Examples Codes Optics Beamline

    E-print Network

    Botti, Silvana

    Info Theories Examples Codes Optics Beamline Francesco Sottile ´Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau - France European Theoretical Spectroscopy Facility (ETSF) 22 October 2010 #12;Info Theories Examples Codes Outline Information about the Beamline Underlying theory and approximations Examples Codes #12;Info

  9. Regularized Robust Coding for Face Recognition

    E-print Network

    Meng, Yang; Jian, Yang; Zhang, David

    2012-01-01

    Recently the sparse representation based classification (SRC) has been proposed for robust face recognition (FR). In SRC, the testing image is coded as a sparse linear combination of the training samples, and the representation fidelity is measured by the l2-norm or l1-norm of the coding residual. Such a sparse coding model assumes that the coding residual follows Gaussian or Laplacian distribution, which may not be effective enough to describe the coding residual in practical FR systems. Meanwhile, the sparsity constraint on the coding coefficients makes SRC's computational cost very high. In this paper, we propose a new face coding model, namely regularized robust coding (RRC), which could robustly regress a given signal with regularized regression coefficients. By assuming that the coding residual and the coding coefficient are respectively independent and identically distributed, the RRC seeks for a maximum a posterior solution of the coding problem. An iteratively reweighted regularized robust coding (IR...

  10. 32 CFR 635.19 - Offense codes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Offense codes. 635.19 Section 635.19 National Defense...REPORTING Offense Reporting § 635.19 Offense codes. (a) The offense code describes, as nearly as possible, the...

  11. 32 CFR 635.19 - Offense codes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Offense codes. 635.19 Section 635.19 National Defense...REPORTING Offense Reporting § 635.19 Offense codes. (a) The offense code describes, as nearly as possible, the...

  12. 32 CFR 635.19 - Offense codes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Offense codes. 635.19 Section 635.19 National Defense...REPORTING Offense Reporting § 635.19 Offense codes. (a) The offense code describes, as nearly as possible, the...

  13. 32 CFR 635.19 - Offense codes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Offense codes. 635.19 Section 635.19 National Defense...REPORTING Offense Reporting § 635.19 Offense codes. (a) The offense code describes, as nearly as possible, the...

  14. 32 CFR 635.19 - Offense codes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Offense codes. 635.19 Section 635.19 National Defense...REPORTING Offense Reporting § 635.19 Offense codes. (a) The offense code describes, as nearly as possible, the...

  15. Joint Design of Multi-resolution Codes and Intra/Inter-layer Network Coding

    E-print Network

    Médard, Muriel

    Joint Design of Multi-resolution Codes and Intra/Inter-layer Network Coding Tong Wang, Muriel M, lizhong}@mit.edu Abstract--In this paper, we study the joint design of multi- resolution (MR) coding and network coding. In the network coding model, we present two coding schemes, intra-layer and inter

  16. Arithmetic algorithms for error-coded operands.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Avizienis, A.

    1973-01-01

    Arithmetic algorithms for separate and nonseparate codes are considered. The nonseparate AN code is formed when an uncoded operand X is multiplied by the check modulus A to give the coded operand AX. The separate codes are the residue code, and the inverse-residue code, which has significant advantages in fault detection of repeated-use faults. A set of algorithms for low-cost AN-coded operands is discussed together with questions of their implementation in a byte-organized arithmetic processor. Algorithms for inverse-residue coded operands of the STAR computer are also examined.

  17. Coordinated design of coding and modulation systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Massey, J. L.; Ancheta, T.; Johannesson, R.; Lauer, G.; Lee, L.

    1976-01-01

    The joint optimization of the coding and modulation systems employed in telemetry systems was investigated. Emphasis was placed on formulating inner and outer coding standards used by the Goddard Spaceflight Center. Convolutional codes were found that are nearly optimum for use with Viterbi decoding in the inner coding of concatenated coding systems. A convolutional code, the unit-memory code, was discovered and is ideal for inner system usage because of its byte-oriented structure. Simulations of sequential decoding on the deep-space channel were carried out to compare directly various convolutional codes that are proposed for use in deep-space systems.

  18. The Supernova Explosion Code (SNEC)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giryanskaya, Viktoriya; Ott, Christian; Piro, Anthony; Renzo, Mathieu; Couch, Sean; Clausen, Drew; Ellis, Justin; Roberts, Luke

    2015-04-01

    We present the SuperNova Explosion Code (SNEC), an open-source Lagrangian code that solves for the hydrodynamics and equilibrium-diffusion radiation transport in the expanding envelopes of core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe), taking into account recombination effects and the presence of radioactive nickel. Given a model of the progenitor star and an explosion energy, the code generates the bolometric light curve, as well as the light curves in different observed wavelength bands in the blackbody approximation. Using SNEC, we present lightcurves resulting from explosions of a grid of pre-explosion stars (computed with the MESA code) whose hydrogen envelopes have been systematically stripped to different extents and at different points of their evolution. This work is partially supported by NSF under Award Nos. AST-1205732 and AST-1212170.

  19. FLYCHK Collisional-Radiative Code

    National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

    SRD 160 FLYCHK Collisional-Radiative Code (Web, free access)   FLYCHK provides a capability to generate atomic level populations and charge state distributions for low-Z to mid-Z elements under NLTE conditions.

  20. NFPA's Hydrogen Technologies Code Project

    SciTech Connect

    Rivkin, C. H.

    2008-12-01

    This article discusses the development of National Fire Protection Association 2 (NFPA), a comprehensive hydrogen safety code. It analyses the contents of this document with particular attention focused on new requirements for setting hydrogen storage systems. These new requirements use computational fluid dynamic modeling and risk assessment procedures to develop requirements that are based on both technical analyses and defined risk criteria. The intent is to develop requirements based on procedures that can be replicated based on the information provided in the code document. This code will require documentation of the modeling inputs and risk criteria and analyses in the supporting information. This article also includes a description of the codes and standards that address hydrogen technologies in general.

  1. Towards secure multiresolution network coding

    E-print Network

    Medard, Muriel

    Emerging practical schemes indicate that algebraic mixing of different packets by means of random linear network coding can increase the throughput and robustness of streaming services over wireless networks. However, ...

  2. Fuel cycle code, "FUELMOVE III"

    E-print Network

    Sovka, Jerry Alois

    1963-01-01

    Further modifications to the fuel cycle code FUELMOVE are described which were made in an attempt to obtain results for reflected reactors operated under batch, outin, and bidirectional fueling schemes. Numerical methods ...

  3. Applying network coding to TCP

    E-print Network

    Urbina Tovar, Leonardo Andrés

    2012-01-01

    In this thesis, I contribute to the design and implemention of a new TCP-like protocol, CTCP, that uses network coding to provide better network use of the network bandwidth in a wireless environment. CTCP provides the ...

  4. Seals Flow Code Development 1993

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liang, Anita D. (compiler); Hendricks, Robert C. (compiler)

    1994-01-01

    Seals Workshop of 1993 code releases include SPIRALI for spiral grooved cylindrical and face seal configurations; IFACE for face seals with pockets, steps, tapers, turbulence, and cavitation; GFACE for gas face seals with 'lift pad' configurations; and SCISEAL, a CFD code for research and design of seals of cylindrical configuration. GUI (graphical user interface) and code usage was discussed with hands on usage of the codes, discussions, comparisons, and industry feedback. Other highlights for the Seals Workshop-93 include environmental and customer driven seal requirements; 'what's coming'; and brush seal developments including flow visualization, numerical analysis, bench testing, T-700 engine testing, tribological pairing and ceramic configurations, and cryogenic and hot gas facility brush seal results. Also discussed are seals for hypersonic engines and dynamic results for spiral groove and smooth annular seals.

  5. Property Control through Bar Coding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kingma, Gerben J.

    1984-01-01

    A public utility company uses laser wands to read bar-coded labels on furniture and equipment. The system allows an 80 percent savings of the time required to create reports for inventory control. (MLF)

  6. The Integrated TIGER Series Codes

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    2006-01-15

    ITS is a powerful and user-friendly software package permitting state-of-the-art Monte Carlo solution of linear time-independent coupled electron/photon radiation transport problems, with or without the presence of macroscopic electric and magnetic fields of arbitrary spatial dependence. Our goal has been to simultaneously maximize operational simplicity and physical accuracy. Through a set of preprocessor directives, the user selects one of the many ITS codes. The ease with which the makefile system is applied combines with anmore »input scheme based on order-independent descriptive keywords that makes maximum use of defaults and intemal error checking to provide experimentalists and theorists alike with a method for the routine but rigorous solution of sophisticated radiation transport problems. Physical rigor is provided by employing accurate cross sections, sampling distributions, and physical models for describing the production and transport of the electron/photon cascade from 1.0 GeV down to 1.0 keV. The availability of source code permits the more sophisticated user to tailor the codes to specific applications and to extend the capabilities of the codes to more complex applications. Version 5.0, the latest version of ITS, contains (1) improvements to the ITS 3.0 continuous-energy codes, (2) multigroup codes with adjoint transport capabilities, (3) parallel implementations of all ITS codes, (4) a general purpose geometry engine for linking with CAD or other geometry formats, and (5) the Cholla facet geometry library. Moreover, the general user friendliness of the software has been enhanced through increased internal error checking and improved code portability.« less

  7. Edge equilibrium code for tokamaks

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Xujing; Drozdov, Vladimir V.

    2014-01-15

    The edge equilibrium code (EEC) described in this paper is developed for simulations of the near edge plasma using the finite element method. It solves the Grad-Shafranov equation in toroidal coordinate and uses adaptive grids aligned with magnetic field lines. Hermite finite elements are chosen for the numerical scheme. A fast Newton scheme which is the same as implemented in the equilibrium and stability code (ESC) is applied here to adjust the grids.

  8. The Integrated TIGER Series Codes

    SciTech Connect

    2006-01-15

    ITS is a powerful and user-friendly software package permitting state-of-the-art Monte Carlo solution of linear time-independent coupled electron/photon radiation transport problems, with or without the presence of macroscopic electric and magnetic fields of arbitrary spatial dependence. Our goal has been to simultaneously maximize operational simplicity and physical accuracy. Through a set of preprocessor directives, the user selects one of the many ITS codes. The ease with which the makefile system is applied combines with an input scheme based on order-independent descriptive keywords that makes maximum use of defaults and intemal error checking to provide experimentalists and theorists alike with a method for the routine but rigorous solution of sophisticated radiation transport problems. Physical rigor is provided by employing accurate cross sections, sampling distributions, and physical models for describing the production and transport of the electron/photon cascade from 1.0 GeV down to 1.0 keV. The availability of source code permits the more sophisticated user to tailor the codes to specific applications and to extend the capabilities of the codes to more complex applications. Version 5.0, the latest version of ITS, contains (1) improvements to the ITS 3.0 continuous-energy codes, (2) multigroup codes with adjoint transport capabilities, (3) parallel implementations of all ITS codes, (4) a general purpose geometry engine for linking with CAD or other geometry formats, and (5) the Cholla facet geometry library. Moreover, the general user friendliness of the software has been enhanced through increased internal error checking and improved code portability.

  9. Computer-Access-Code Matrices

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Collins, Earl R., Jr.

    1990-01-01

    Authorized users respond to changing challenges with changing passwords. Scheme for controlling access to computers defeats eavesdroppers and "hackers". Based on password system of challenge and password or sign, challenge, and countersign correlated with random alphanumeric codes in matrices of two or more dimensions. Codes stored on floppy disk or plug-in card and changed frequently. For even higher security, matrices of four or more dimensions used, just as cubes compounded into hypercubes in concurrent processing.

  10. electromagnetics, eddy current, computer codes

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    2002-03-12

    TORO Version 4 is designed for finite element analysis of steady, transient and time-harmonic, multi-dimensional, quasi-static problems in electromagnetics. The code allows simulation of electrostatic fields, steady current flows, magnetostatics and eddy current problems in plane or axisymmetric, two-dimensional geometries. TORO is easily coupled to heat conduction and solid mechanics codes to allow multi-physics simulations to be performed.

  11. The Cosmic Code Comparison Project

    E-print Network

    Katrin Heitmann; Zarija Lukic; Patricia Fasel; Salman Habib; Michael S. Warren; Martin White; James Ahrens; Lee Ankeny; Ryan Armstrong; Brian O'Shea; Paul M. Ricker; Volker Springel; Joachim Stadel; Hy Trac

    2007-06-08

    Current and upcoming cosmological observations allow us to probe structures on smaller and smaller scales, entering highly nonlinear regimes. In order to obtain theoretical predictions in these regimes, large cosmological simulations have to be carried out. The promised high accuracy from observations make the simulation task very demanding: the simulations have to be at least as accurate as the observations. This requirement can only be fulfilled by carrying out an extensive code validation program. The first step of such a program is the comparison of different cosmology codes including gravitation interactions only. In this paper we extend a recently carried out code comparison project to include five more simulation codes. We restrict our analysis to a small cosmological volume which allows us to investigate properties of halos. For the matter power spectrum and the mass function, the previous results hold, with the codes agreeing at the 10% level over wide dynamic ranges. We extend our analysis to the comparison of halo profiles and investigate the halo count as a function of local density. We introduce and discuss ParaView as a flexible analysis tool for cosmological simulations, the use of which immensely simplifies the code comparison task.

  12. Rotating-Pump Design Code

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Walker, James F.; Chen, Shu-Cheng; Scheer, Dean D.

    2006-01-01

    Pump Design (PUMPDES) is a computer program for designing a rotating pump for liquid hydrogen, liquid oxygen, liquid nitrogen, water, methane, or ethane. Using realistic properties of these fluids provided by another program called GASPAK, this code performs a station-by-station, mean-line analysis along the pump flow path, obtaining thermodynamic properties of the pumped fluid at each station and evaluating hydraulic losses along the flow path. The variables at each station are obtained under constraints that are consistent with the underlying physical principles. The code evaluates the performance of each stage and the overall pump. In addition, by judiciously choosing the givens and the unknowns, the code can perform a geometric inverse design function: that is, it can compute a pump geometry that yields a closest approximation of given design point. The code contains two major parts: one for an axial-rotor/inducer and one for a multistage centrifugal pump. The inducer and the centrifugal pump are functionally integrated. The code can be used in designing and/or evaluating the inducer/centrifugal-pump combination or the centrifugal pump alone. The code is written in standard Fortran 77.

  13. The Fourier Transform Approach to Quantum Coding

    E-print Network

    Hari Dilip Kumar; B. Sundar Rajan

    2012-09-04

    Quantum codes are subspaces of the state space of a quantum system that are used to protect quantum information. Some common classes of quantum codes are stabilizer (or additive) codes, non-stabilizer (or non-additive) codes obtained from stabilizer codes, and Clifford codes. We analyze these in the framework of the Fourier inversion formula on a group algebra, the group in question being a subgroup of the error group considered. We study other possible code spaces that may be obtained via such an approach, obtaining codes that are the direct sums of translates of Clifford codes, and more general codes obtained from idempotents in the transform domain. We derive necessary and sufficient conditions for error detection by direct sums of translates of Clifford codes, and provide an example using an error group with non-Abelian index group.

  14. The Proteomic Code: a molecular recognition code for proteins

    PubMed Central

    Biro, Jan C

    2007-01-01

    Background The Proteomic Code is a set of rules by which information in genetic material is transferred into the physico-chemical properties of amino acids. It determines how individual amino acids interact with each other during folding and in specific protein-protein interactions. The Proteomic Code is part of the redundant Genetic Code. Review The 25-year-old history of this concept is reviewed from the first independent suggestions by Biro and Mekler, through the works of Blalock, Root-Bernstein, Siemion, Miller and others, followed by the discovery of a Common Periodic Table of Codons and Nucleic Acids in 2003 and culminating in the recent conceptualization of partial complementary coding of interacting amino acids as well as the theory of the nucleic acid-assisted protein folding. Methods and conclusions A novel cloning method for the design and production of specific, high-affinity-reacting proteins (SHARP) is presented. This method is based on the concept of proteomic codes and is suitable for large-scale, industrial production of specifically interacting peptides. PMID:17999762

  15. 7 CFR Exhibit E to Subpart A of... - Voluntary National Model Building Codes

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...code Plumbing code Mechanical code Electrical code BOCA Basic/National Building Code 1 BOCA Basic/National...Code 1 BOCA Basic/National Mechanical Code 1 National Electrical Code 5 Standard Building Code 2...

  16. 7 CFR Exhibit E to Subpart A of... - Voluntary National Model Building Codes

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...code Plumbing code Mechanical code Electrical code BOCA Basic/National Building Code 1 BOCA Basic/National...Code 1 BOCA Basic/National Mechanical Code 1 National Electrical Code 5 Standard Building Code 2...

  17. 7 CFR Exhibit E to Subpart A of... - Voluntary National Model Building Codes

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...code Plumbing code Mechanical code Electrical code BOCA Basic/National Building Code 1 BOCA Basic/National...Code 1 BOCA Basic/National Mechanical Code 1 National Electrical Code 5 Standard Building Code 2...

  18. 7 CFR Exhibit E to Subpart A of... - Voluntary National Model Building Codes

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...code Plumbing code Mechanical code Electrical code BOCA Basic/National Building Code 1 BOCA Basic/National...Code 1 BOCA Basic/National Mechanical Code 1 National Electrical Code 5 Standard Building Code 2...

  19. 7 CFR Exhibit E to Subpart A of... - Voluntary National Model Building Codes

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...code Plumbing code Mechanical code Electrical code BOCA Basic/National Building Code 1 BOCA Basic/National...Code 1 BOCA Basic/National Mechanical Code 1 National Electrical Code 5 Standard Building Code 2...

  20. Cooler Gray Codes and de Bruijn Sequences

    E-print Network

    Williams, Aaron

    Cooler Gray Codes and de Bruijn Sequences Frank Ruskey University of Victoria Joe Sawada University;Combinatorial Generation Gray Codes Tuesday, June 21, 2011 #12;Combinatorial Generation Gray Codes de Bruijn Sequences Tuesday, June 21, 2011 #12;Combinatorial Generation Gray Codes de Bruijn Sequences Efficient

  1. The State of Energy Codes in Texas 

    E-print Network

    Herbert, C.

    2014-01-01

    ,000 in population: 57 Texas Cities have adopted 2012 Energy Codes (+7) 108 Texas Cities are enforcing 2009 Energy Codes 52 are still using older codes… Since last year 60 cities have adopted higher codes and several others plan to adopt later this year. https://eepartnership.files.wordpress...

  2. An Interactive Concatenated Turbo Coding System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liu, Ye; Tang, Heng; Lin, Shu; Fossorier, Marc

    1999-01-01

    This paper presents a concatenated turbo coding system in which a Reed-Solomon outer code is concatenated with a binary turbo inner code. In the proposed system, the outer code decoder and the inner turbo code decoder interact to achieve both good bit error and frame error performances. The outer code decoder helps the inner turbo code decoder to terminate its decoding iteration while the inner turbo code decoder provides soft-output information to the outer code decoder to carry out a reliability-based soft- decision decoding. In the case that the outer code decoding fails, the outer code decoder instructs the inner code decoder to continue its decoding iterations until the outer code decoding is successful or a preset maximum number of decoding iterations is reached. This interaction between outer and inner code decoders reduces decoding delay. Also presented in the paper are an effective criterion for stopping the iteration process of the inner code decoder and a new reliability-based decoding algorithm for nonbinary codes.

  3. Soft decision decoding of block codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baumert, L. D.; Mceliece, R. J.

    1978-01-01

    The performance of certain block codes on a Gaussian channel is evaluated. The BCH codes are markedly superior to convolutional codes currently used for deep space missions. The algorithm is used to derive results, which provides a basis for a simple, almost optimum procedure for decoding these codes.

  4. NATURAL RESOURCES CODE TITLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

    E-print Network

    NATURAL RESOURCES CODE TITLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS CHAPTER 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS Sec. 1.001. PURPOSE OF CODE. (a) This code is enacted as a part of the state's continuing statutory revision program change. (b) Consistent with the objectives of the statutory revision program, the purpose of this code

  5. Elevating The Status of Code in Ecology.

    PubMed

    Mislan, K A S; Heer, Jeffrey M; White, Ethan P

    2016-01-01

    Code is increasingly central to ecological research but often remains unpublished and insufficiently recognized. Making code available allows analyses to be more easily reproduced and can facilitate research by other scientists. We evaluate journal handling of code, discuss barriers to its publication, and suggest approaches for promoting and archiving code. PMID:26704455

  6. 32 CFR 635.19 - Offense codes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Offense codes. 635.19 Section 635.19 National... INVESTIGATIONS LAW ENFORCEMENT REPORTING Offense Reporting § 635.19 Offense codes. (a) The offense code describes, as nearly as possible, the complaint or offense by using an alphanumeric code. Appendix C of AR...

  7. 7 CFR 201.28 - Code designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Code designation. 201.28 Section 201.28 Agriculture... REGULATIONS Labeling Vegetable Seeds § 201.28 Code designation. The code designation used in lieu of the full... as may be designated by him for the purpose. When used, the code designation shall appear on...

  8. 49 CFR 178.702 - IBC codes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false IBC codes. 178.702 Section 178.702 Transportation...-Oriented Standards § 178.702 IBC codes. (a) Intermediate bulk container code designations consist of: two... the category of intermediate bulk container. (1) IBC code number designations are as follows: Type...

  9. 49 CFR 178.702 - IBC codes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false IBC codes. 178.702 Section 178.702 Transportation... Standards § 178.702 IBC codes. (a) Intermediate bulk container code designations consist of: two numerals... category of intermediate bulk container. (1) IBC code number designations are as follows: Type For...

  10. 49 CFR 178.702 - IBC codes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false IBC codes. 178.702 Section 178.702 Transportation... Standards § 178.702 IBC codes. (a) Intermediate bulk container code designations consist of: two numerals... category of intermediate bulk container. (1) IBC code number designations are as follows: Type For...

  11. 7 CFR 201.28 - Code designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Code designation. 201.28 Section 201.28 Agriculture... REGULATIONS Labeling Vegetable Seeds § 201.28 Code designation. The code designation used in lieu of the full... as may be designated by him for the purpose. When used, the code designation shall appear on...

  12. 49 CFR 178.702 - IBC codes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false IBC codes. 178.702 Section 178.702 Transportation... Standards § 178.702 IBC codes. (a) Intermediate bulk container code designations consist of: two numerals... category of intermediate bulk container. (1) IBC code number designations are as follows: Type For...

  13. 7 CFR 201.28 - Code designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Code designation. 201.28 Section 201.28 Agriculture... REGULATIONS Labeling Vegetable Seeds § 201.28 Code designation. The code designation used in lieu of the full... as may be designated by him for the purpose. When used, the code designation shall appear on...

  14. 7 CFR 201.28 - Code designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Code designation. 201.28 Section 201.28 Agriculture... REGULATIONS Labeling Vegetable Seeds § 201.28 Code designation. The code designation used in lieu of the full... as may be designated by him for the purpose. When used, the code designation shall appear on...

  15. 49 CFR 178.702 - IBC codes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false IBC codes. 178.702 Section 178.702 Transportation... Standards § 178.702 IBC codes. (a) Intermediate bulk container code designations consist of: two numerals... category of intermediate bulk container. (1) IBC code number designations are as follows: Type For...

  16. 7 CFR 201.28 - Code designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Code designation. 201.28 Section 201.28 Agriculture... REGULATIONS Labeling Vegetable Seeds § 201.28 Code designation. The code designation used in lieu of the full... as may be designated by him for the purpose. When used, the code designation shall appear on...

  17. Threaded Code Variations and Optimizations (Extended Version)

    E-print Network

    Threaded Code Variations and Optimizations (Extended Version) M. Anton Ertl \\Lambda TU Wien Abstract Forth has been traditionally implemented as indirect threaded code, where the code for non­primitives is the code­field address of the word. To get the maximum benefit from combining sequences of primitives

  18. 7 CFR 201.24 - Code designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Code designation. 201.24 Section 201.24 Agriculture... REGULATIONS Labeling Agricultural Seeds § 201.24 Code designation. The code designation used in lieu of the... as may be designated by him for the purpose. When used, the code designation shall appear on...

  19. Code of Practice on Student Concerns & Complaints

    E-print Network

    Birmingham, University of

    Code of Practice on Student Concerns & Complaints 2015-16 1 UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM CODE OF PRACTICE ON STUDENT CONCERNS AND COMPLAINTS #12;Code of Practice on Student Concerns & Complaints 2015-16 2 #12;Code of Practice on Student Concerns & Complaints 2015-16 3 Index of points 1. Introduction 2

  20. 32 CFR 635.19 - Offense codes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Offense codes. 635.19 Section 635.19 National... INVESTIGATIONS LAW ENFORCEMENT REPORTING Offense Reporting § 635.19 Offense codes. (a) The offense code describes, as nearly as possible, the complaint or offense by using an alphanumeric code. Appendix C of AR...

  1. 32 CFR 635.19 - Offense codes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Offense codes. 635.19 Section 635.19 National... INVESTIGATIONS LAW ENFORCEMENT REPORTING Offense Reporting § 635.19 Offense codes. (a) The offense code describes, as nearly as possible, the complaint or offense by using an alphanumeric code. Appendix C of AR...

  2. Code of Practice on Academic Appeals Procedures

    E-print Network

    Birmingham, University of

    Code of Practice on Academic Appeals Procedures 2015/16 1 UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM CODE OF PRACTICE ON ACADEMIC APPEALS PROCEDURES #12;Code of Practice on Academic Appeals Procedures 2015/16 2 Index of points 1. Principles 2. Stages of the Code of Practice 3. Membership of appeal committees 4. Initial Appeal Stage 5

  3. 32 CFR 635.19 - Offense codes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Offense codes. 635.19 Section 635.19 National... INVESTIGATIONS LAW ENFORCEMENT REPORTING Offense Reporting § 635.19 Offense codes. (a) The offense code describes, as nearly as possible, the complaint or offense by using an alphanumeric code. Appendix C of AR...

  4. 32 CFR 635.19 - Offense codes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Offense codes. 635.19 Section 635.19 National... INVESTIGATIONS LAW ENFORCEMENT REPORTING Offense Reporting § 635.19 Offense codes. (a) The offense code describes, as nearly as possible, the complaint or offense by using an alphanumeric code. Appendix C of AR...

  5. 7 CFR 201.24 - Code designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Code designation. 201.24 Section 201.24 Agriculture... REGULATIONS Labeling Agricultural Seeds § 201.24 Code designation. The code designation used in lieu of the... as may be designated by him for the purpose. When used, the code designation shall appear on...

  6. 7 CFR 201.24 - Code designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Code designation. 201.24 Section 201.24 Agriculture... REGULATIONS Labeling Agricultural Seeds § 201.24 Code designation. The code designation used in lieu of the... as may be designated by him for the purpose. When used, the code designation shall appear on...

  7. Coding Theory and Linguistics Matilde Marcolli

    E-print Network

    Marcolli, Matilde

    Coding Theory and Linguistics Matilde Marcolli CS101: Mathematical and Computational Linguistics Winter 2015 CS101 Win2015: Linguistics Coding Theory #12;Error-correcting codes · Alphabet: finite set2015: Linguistics Coding Theory #12;· Hamming distance: x = (ai ) and y = (bi ) in C d((ai ), (bi

  8. Optimal Probabilistic Fingerprint Codes # Gabor Tardos

    E-print Network

    Tardos, Gábor

    Optimal Probabilistic Fingerprint Codes # Gâ??abor Tardos Râ??enyi Institute Pf. 127, H­1354 Budapest, Hungary tardos@renyi.hu Abstract We construct binary codes for fingerprinting digital documents. Our codes imply that randomized fingerprint codes over a binary alphabet are as powerful as over an arbitrary

  9. PREDICTIVE SHAPE CODING USING GENERIC POLYGON APPROXIMATION

    E-print Network

    Evans, Brian L.

    PREDICTIVE SHAPE CODING USING GENERIC POLYGON APPROXIMATION Jong-il Kim and Brian L. Evans.ece.utexas.edu ABSTRACT We introduce an e cient predictive binary shape coding method that consists of 1 global motion estimation, 2 local motion estimation, 3 matched segment coding, and 4 residual segment coding. Global

  10. CSE 522 / Math 581EB Coding Theory

    E-print Network

    Umans, Chris

    CSE 522 / Math 581EB Coding Theory Instructors: Elchanan Mossel and Chris Umans (Microsoft Research of the theory of error­correcting codes and their ap­ plications to theoretical computer science. The goals of modern coding theory are to construct explicit codes and establish bounds on their information rate

  11. PREDICTIVE SHAPE CODING USING GENERIC POLYGON APPROXIMATION

    E-print Network

    Evans, Brian L.

    PREDICTIVE SHAPE CODING USING GENERIC POLYGON APPROXIMATION Jong­il Kim and Brian L. Evans://anchovy.ece.utexas.edu/ ABSTRACT We introduce an efficient predictive binary shape coding method that consists of (1) global motion estimation, (2) local motion estimation, (3) matched segment coding, and (4) residual segment coding. Global

  12. 21 CFR 106.90 - Coding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Coding. 106.90 Section 106.90 Food and Drugs FOOD... Assuring Nutrient Content of Infant Formulas § 106.90 Coding. The manufacturer shall code all infant formulas in conformity with the coding requirements that are applicable to thermally processed...

  13. The environment and ASME performance test codes

    SciTech Connect

    Bannister, R.L.; Macak, J.J. III; Newby, R.A.

    1995-12-31

    Today, federal, state and local governmental agencies have enacted comprehensive legislation on power generation emission limits which affects all aspects of the energy sector. This paper reviews the indirect impact of Performance Test Codes on environmental testing, reviewing past, current, and future practices. Existing codes and three new codes currently under development will be cited along with possible future code development.

  14. FLORIDA ASSOCIATION OF CODE ENFORCEMENT CERTIFICATION: FUNDAMENTALS OF CODE ENFORCEMENT

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    of Code Enforcement Certification: Nov 2 Legal Aspects of Code Enforcement 8:00 a.m. ­ 5:00 p.m. (8 hours) Nov 3 Communication Skills 8:00 a.m. - noon (4 hours) Report Writing 1:00 p.m. ­ 5:00 p.m. (4 hours) Nov 4 Ethics 8:00 a.m. ­ noon (4 hours) Property Ownership 1:00 p.m. ­ 5:00 p.m. (4 hours) Nov 5

  15. Driver Code for Adaptive Optics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rao, Shanti

    2007-01-01

    A special-purpose computer code for a deformable-mirror adaptive-optics control system transmits pixel-registered control from (1) a personal computer running software that generates the control data to (2) a circuit board with 128 digital-to-analog converters (DACs) that generate voltages to drive the deformable-mirror actuators. This program reads control-voltage codes from a text file, then sends them, via the computer s parallel port, to a circuit board with four AD5535 (or equivalent) chips. Whereas a similar prior computer program was capable of transmitting data to only one chip at a time, this program can send data to four chips simultaneously. This program is in the form of C-language code that can be compiled and linked into an adaptive-optics software system. The program as supplied includes source code for integration into the adaptive-optics software, documentation, and a component that provides a demonstration of loading DAC codes from a text file. On a standard Windows desktop computer, the software can update 128 channels in 10 ms. On Real-Time Linux with a digital I/O card, the software can update 1024 channels (8 boards in parallel) every 8 ms.

  16. Entanglement-assisted quantum convolutional coding

    SciTech Connect

    Wilde, Mark M.; Brun, Todd A.

    2010-04-15

    We show how to protect a stream of quantum information from decoherence induced by a noisy quantum communication channel. We exploit preshared entanglement and a convolutional coding structure to develop a theory of entanglement-assisted quantum convolutional coding. Our construction produces a Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) entanglement-assisted quantum convolutional code from two arbitrary classical binary convolutional codes. The rate and error-correcting properties of the classical convolutional codes directly determine the corresponding properties of the resulting entanglement-assisted quantum convolutional code. We explain how to encode our CSS entanglement-assisted quantum convolutional codes starting from a stream of information qubits, ancilla qubits, and shared entangled bits.

  17. Accumulate-Repeat-Accumulate-Accumulate Codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Divsalar, Dariush; Dolinar, Samuel; Thorpe, Jeremy

    2007-01-01

    Accumulate-repeat-accumulate-accumulate (ARAA) codes have been proposed, inspired by the recently proposed accumulate-repeat-accumulate (ARA) codes. These are error-correcting codes suitable for use in a variety of wireless data-communication systems that include noisy channels. ARAA codes can be regarded as serial turbolike codes or as a subclass of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes, and, like ARA codes they have projected graph or protograph representations; these characteristics make it possible to design high-speed iterative decoders that utilize belief-propagation algorithms. The objective in proposing ARAA codes as a subclass of ARA codes was to enhance the error-floor performance of ARA codes while maintaining simple encoding structures and low maximum variable node degree.

  18. Programming Language Evolution and Source Code Rejuvenation 

    E-print Network

    Pirkelbauer, Peter Mathias

    2011-02-22

    , the Java distribution provides an abstract syntax de nition that generates tree structures. TOM has been applied for de ning XML queries, source code transformations, and the implementation of rule based systems. II.B. Software Analysis Corpus analysis...-to-source transformation that replaces depre- cated language features and idioms with modern code. Old code typically contains outdated idioms, elaborate and often complex coding patterns, deprecated language features (or data structures). The rejuvenated code is more...

  19. Soft decision decoding of block codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baumert, L. D.; Mceliece, R. J.

    1978-01-01

    Using a general decoding technique of Solomon we evaluate the performance of certain block codes on a Gaussian channel. Quadratic residue codes of lengths 48 and 80 as well as BCH codes of length 128 and rates 1/2 and 1/3 are considered. All four of these codes perform quite favorably with respect to the constraint-length 7 rate 1/2 convolutional code presently used on NASA's Mariner-class spacecraft.

  20. Survey of adaptive image coding techniques

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Habibi, A.

    1977-01-01

    The general problem of image data compression is discussed briefly with attention given to the use of Karhunen-Loeve transforms, suboptimal systems, and block quantization. A survey is then conducted encompassing the four categories of adaptive systems: (1) adaptive transform coding (adaptive sampling, adaptive quantization, etc.), (2) adaptive predictive coding (adaptive delta modulation, adaptive DPCM encoding, etc.), (3) adaptive cluster coding (blob algorithms and the multispectral cluster coding technique), and (4) adaptive entropy coding.

  1. ASME Code Efforts Supporting HTGRs

    SciTech Connect

    D.K. Morton

    2012-09-01

    In 1999, an international collaborative initiative for the development of advanced (Generation IV) reactors was started. The idea behind this effort was to bring nuclear energy closer to the needs of sustainability, to increase proliferation resistance, and to support concepts able to produce energy (both electricity and process heat) at competitive costs. The U.S. Department of Energy has supported this effort by pursuing the development of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant, a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. This support has included research and development of pertinent data, initial regulatory discussions, and engineering support of various codes and standards development. This report discusses the various applicable American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) codes and standards that are being developed to support these high temperature gascooled reactors during construction and operation. ASME is aggressively pursuing these codes and standards to support an international effort to build the next generation of advanced reactors so that all can benefit.

  2. ASME Code Efforts Supporting HTGRs

    SciTech Connect

    D.K. Morton

    2010-09-01

    In 1999, an international collaborative initiative for the development of advanced (Generation IV) reactors was started. The idea behind this effort was to bring nuclear energy closer to the needs of sustainability, to increase proliferation resistance, and to support concepts able to produce energy (both electricity and process heat) at competitive costs. The U.S. Department of Energy has supported this effort by pursuing the development of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant, a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. This support has included research and development of pertinent data, initial regulatory discussions, and engineering support of various codes and standards development. This report discusses the various applicable American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) codes and standards that are being developed to support these high temperature gascooled reactors during construction and operation. ASME is aggressively pursuing these codes and standards to support an international effort to build the next generation of advanced reactors so that all can benefit.

  3. Pulse code modulated signal synchronizer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kobayashi, H. S. (inventor)

    1974-01-01

    A bit synchronizer for a split phase PCM transmission is reported that includes three loop circuits which receive incoming phase coded PCM signals. In the first loop, called a Q-loop, a generated, phase coded, PCM signal is multiplied with the incoming signals, and the frequency and phase of the generated signal are nulled to that of the incoming subcarrier signal. In the second loop, called a B-loop, a circuit multiplies a generated signal with incoming signals to null the phase of the generated signal in a bit phase locked relationship to the incoming signal. In a third loop, called the I-loop, a phase coded PCM signal is multiplied with the incoming signals for decoding the bit information from the PCM signal. A counter means is used for timing of the generated signals and timing of sample intervals for each bit period.

  4. A coded tracking telemetry system

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Howey, P.W.; Seegar, W.S.; Fuller, M.R.; Titus, K.

    1989-01-01

    We describe the general characteristics of an automated radio telemetry system designed to operate for prolonged periods on a single frequency. Each transmitter sends a unique coded signal to a receiving system that encodes and records only the appropriater, pre-programmed codes. A record of the time of each reception is stored on diskettes in a micro-computer. This system enables continuous monitoring of infrequent signals (e.g. one per minute or one per hour), thus extending operation life or allowing size reduction of the transmitter, compared to conventional wildlife telemetry. Furthermore, when using unique codes transmitted on a single frequency, biologists can monitor many individuals without exceeding the radio frequency allocations for wildlife.

  5. ASME Code Efforts Supporting HTGRs

    SciTech Connect

    D.K. Morton

    2011-09-01

    In 1999, an international collaborative initiative for the development of advanced (Generation IV) reactors was started. The idea behind this effort was to bring nuclear energy closer to the needs of sustainability, to increase proliferation resistance, and to support concepts able to produce energy (both electricity and process heat) at competitive costs. The U.S. Department of Energy has supported this effort by pursuing the development of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant, a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. This support has included research and development of pertinent data, initial regulatory discussions, and engineering support of various codes and standards development. This report discusses the various applicable American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) codes and standards that are being developed to support these high temperature gascooled reactors during construction and operation. ASME is aggressively pursuing these codes and standards to support an international effort to build the next generation of advanced reactors so that all can benefit.

  6. Verification of FANTASTIC integrated code

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chauhan, Rajinder Singh

    1987-01-01

    FANTASTIC is an acronym for Failure Analysis Nonlinear Thermal and Structural Integrated Code. This program was developed by Failure Analysis Associates, Palo Alto, Calif., for MSFC to improve the accuracy of solid rocket motor nozzle analysis. FANTASTIC has three modules: FACT - thermochemical analysis; FAHT - heat transfer analysis; and FAST - structural analysis. All modules have keywords for data input. Work is in progress for the verification of the FAHT module, which is done by using data for various problems with known solutions as inputs to the FAHT module. The information obtained is used to identify problem areas of the code and passed on to the developer for debugging purposes. Failure Analysis Associates have revised the first version of the FANTASTIC code and a new improved version has been released to the Thermal Systems Branch.

  7. Amino acid codes in mitochondria as possible clues to primitive codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jukes, T. H.

    1981-01-01

    Differences between mitochondrial codes and the universal code indicate that an evolutionary simplification has taken place, rather than a return to a more primitive code. However, these differences make it evident that the universal code is not the only code possible, and therefore earlier codes may have differed markedly from the previous code. The present universal code is probably a 'frozen accident.' The change in CUN codons from leucine to threonine (Neurospora vs. yeast mitochondria) indicates that neutral or near-neutral changes occurred in the corresponding proteins when this code change took place, caused presumably by a mutation in a tRNA gene.

  8. Is Cloned Code older than Non-Cloned Code? Jens Krinke

    E-print Network

    Krinke, Jens

    Is Cloned Code older than Non-Cloned Code? Jens Krinke University College London Centre question whether cloned code causes increased maintenance efforts. If cloned code is more stable than non-cloned code, i.e. it is changed less often, it will require less maintenance efforts. The more stable cloned

  9. The Mystery Behind the Code: Differentiated Instruction with Quick Response Codes in Secondary Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adkins, Megan; Wajciechowski, Misti R.; Scantling, Ed

    2013-01-01

    Quick response codes, better known as QR codes, are small barcodes scanned to receive information about a specific topic. This article explains QR code technology and the utility of QR codes in the delivery of physical education instruction. Consideration is given to how QR codes can be used to accommodate learners of varying ability levels as…

  10. WYNER-ZIV CODING OF MULTIVIEW IMAGES WITH UNSUPERVISED LEARNING OF DISPARITY AND GRAY CODE

    E-print Network

    Flierl, Markus

    WYNER-ZIV CODING OF MULTIVIEW IMAGES WITH UNSUPERVISED LEARNING OF DISPARITY AND GRAY CODE David, Stanford, CA 94305 {dmchen, varodayan, mflierl, bgirod}@stanford.edu ABSTRACT Wyner-Ziv coding of multiview with the binary code but can be achieved with the Gray code. Comparing the two mappings, it is observed

  11. Strategic network coding -how much and where to code to obtain most of the benefits

    E-print Network

    Médard, Muriel

    Strategic network coding - how much and where to code to obtain most of the benefits Eric Gourdin, USA. Email: medard@mit.edu Abstract--We consider the problem of introducing network coding in a network in a manner that balances the benefits obtained from coding with the costs of providing coding

  12. 76 FR 77549 - Lummi Nation-Title 20-Code of Laws-Liquor Code

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-13

    ...Bureau of Indian Affairs Lummi Nation--Title 20--Code of Laws--Liquor Code AGENCY: Bureau of Indian Affairs, Interior. ACTION...publishes the amendment to Lummi Nation's Title 20--Code of Laws--Liquor Code. The Code regulates and...

  13. The stellar atmosphere simulation code Bifrost. Code description and validation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gudiksen, B. V.; Carlsson, M.; Hansteen, V. H.; Hayek, W.; Leenaarts, J.; Martínez-Sykora, J.

    2011-07-01

    Context. Numerical simulations of stellar convection and photospheres have been developed to the point where detailed shapes of observed spectral lines can be explained. Stellar atmospheres are very complex, and very different physical regimes are present in the convection zone, photosphere, chromosphere, transition region and corona. To understand the details of the atmosphere it is necessary to simulate the whole atmosphere since the different layers interact strongly. These physical regimes are very diverse and it takes a highly efficient massively parallel numerical code to solve the associated equations. Aims: The design, implementation and validation of the massively parallel numerical code Bifrost for simulating stellar atmospheres from the convection zone to the corona. Methods: The code is subjected to a number of validation tests, among them the Sod shock tube test, the Orzag-Tang colliding shock test, boundary condition tests and tests of how the code treats magnetic field advection, chromospheric radiation, radiative transfer in an isothermal scattering atmosphere, hydrogen ionization and thermal conduction. Results.Bifrost completes the tests with good results and shows near linear efficiency scaling to thousands of computing cores.

  14. (4096,3249) Gallager Codes compared with Tanner Product Codes

    E-print Network

    MacKay, David J.C.

    by the Gatsby Foundation and by a partnership award from IBM Z¨urich. References Chung, S.-Y., Richardson, T. J., and Urbanke, R. L., (2001) Analysis of sum-product decoding of low-density parity-check codes using a Gaussian

  15. (4096,3249) Gallager Codes compared with Tanner Product Codes

    E-print Network

    MacKay, David J.C.

    by the Gatsby Foundation and by a partnership award from IBM ZË?urich. References Chung, S.­Y., Richardson, T. J., and Urbanke, R. L., (2001) Analysis of sum­product decoding of low­density parity­check codes using a Gaussian

  16. Integrating S6 Code Search and Code Bubbles

    E-print Network

    Reiss, Steven P.

    to programming, making the programming environ- ment conform to the programmer's working model. It does this by displaying and manipulating complete working sets, collections of task-relevant fragments including code in a working set may be contained in multiple files, classes, or other modules, so quick and easy viewing

  17. Quantum stabilizer codes and beyond 

    E-print Network

    Sarvepalli, Pradeep Kiran

    2008-10-10

    stream_source_info Pradeep.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 375668 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name Pradeep.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 QUANTUM STABILIZER CODES AND BEYOND A... Dissertation by PRADEEP KIRAN SARVEPALLI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2008 Major Subject: Computer Science QUANTUM STABILIZER CODES...

  18. Hybrid codes: Methods and applications

    SciTech Connect

    Winske, D. ); Omidi, N. )

    1991-01-01

    In this chapter we discuss hybrid'' algorithms used in the study of low frequency electromagnetic phenomena, where one or more ion species are treated kinetically via standard PIC methods used in particle codes and the electrons are treated as a single charge neutralizing massless fluid. Other types of hybrid models are possible, as discussed in Winske and Quest, but hybrid codes with particle ions and massless fluid electrons have become the most common for simulating space plasma physics phenomena in the last decade, as we discuss in this paper.

  19. Sensor Authentication: Embedded Processor Code

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    2012-09-25

    Described is the c code running on the embedded Microchip 32bit PIC32MX575F256H located on the INL developed noise analysis circuit board. The code performs the following functions: Controls the noise analysis circuit board preamplifier voltage gains of 1, 10, 100, 000 Initializes the analog to digital conversion hardware, input channel selection, Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) function, USB communications interface, and internal memory allocations Initiates high resolution 4096 point 200 kHz data acquisition Computes complex 2048more »point FFT and FFT magnitude. Services Host command set Transfers raw data to Host Transfers FFT result to host Communication error checking« less

  20. Fq-Linear Cyclic Codes over Fqm: DFT Characterization

    E-print Network

    Rajan, B. Sundar

    codes that are not linear over Fpm . 2. SSRS codes: With n = qm - 1, the class of FqLC codes includes the subspace subcodes of Reed-Solomon (SSRS) codes [7], which contain codes with larger number of codewords