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Sample records for danielsson patrik jansson

  1. Using the "Write Talk-nology" with Patrik.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erickson, Karen A.; Koppenhaver, David A.

    1998-01-01

    A case study is presented of an 11-year-old boy with multiple disabilities who uses DynaVox, a voice-output communication device with a touch screen display, in an inclusive classroom. The article discusses how to find the right technology for children with disabilities by evaluating the level of the text, instruction, and classroom. (CR)

  2. The 1988 Jansson memorial lecture. The performance of the 'idiot-savant': implicit and explicit.

    PubMed

    O'Connor, N

    1989-04-01

    'Idiots-savants' are people of low intelligence who have one or two outstanding talents such as calendrical calculation, drawing or musical performance. Such people are mostly male and occur with high frequency among the autistic population. Do they perform their amazing feats because of an outstanding memory or do they draw on some faculty of reasoning to help them? Although they cannot easily make clear how they carry out their tasks by using speech, experiments reveal that they follow simple rules which they use to aid them in recalling correct dates and sequences in classical music. It has been said that they cannot abstract but this turns out not to be true: all can abstract to some degree and some are more at home with abstract than with concrete material. Whatever else is true of these handicapped but gifted people their gift becomes apparent at an early age and is apparently not improved by practice. Perhaps the most important conclusion from work with these groups is that their gifts force us to think again about the concept of general intelligence. How far is it possible to have low intelligence and yet be an outstanding musician or artist? Speculation on this idea may force us to revise our concepts of intelligence, neuropsychology and handicap. PMID:2638187

  3. Climate change (Communication arising): Terrestrial export of organic carbon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Evans, C. D.; Freeman, C.; Monteith, D. T.; Reynolds, B.; Fenner, N.

    2002-02-01

    Tranvik and Jansson question our proposed link between temperature and DOC export, on the basis of spatial patterns of DOC concentration, confounding effects of hydrology, and apparently conflicting observations from other regions.

  4. Eriosomatine aphids (Hemiptera, Aphididae, Eriosomatinae) associated with moss and roots of conifer and willow in forests of the Pacific Northwest

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Apterous adult morphs of eriosomatine aphids (Hemiptera, Aphididae, Eriosomatinae) associated with moss and/or roots of conifer or willow in forests of the Pacific Northwest including Alaska are described, illustrated, and keyed. In total, seven species (Clydesmithia canadensis Danielsson, Melaphis ...

  5. The Historicity of the Physics Class: Enactments, Mimes and Imitation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergwik, Staffan

    2014-01-01

    This essay discusses Anna Danielsson's article "In the physics class: university physics students' enactments of class and gender in the context of laboratory work". The situated co-construction of knowledge and identity forms the crucial vantage point and I argue that it is a point of intersection between the history of…

  6. A quantitative evaluation of various deconvolution methods and their applications in the deconvolution of plasma spectra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiong, Yanwei; Shi, Yuejiang; Li, Yingying; Fu, Jia; Lu, Bo; Zhang, Hongming; Wang, Xiaoguang; Wang, Fudi; Shen, Yongcai

    2013-06-01

    A quantitative evaluation of various deconvolution methods and their applications in processing plasma emitted spectra was performed. The iterative deconvolution algorithms evaluated here include Jansson's method, Richardson-Lucy's method, the maximum a posteriori method and Gold's method. The evaluation criteria include minimization of the sum of squared errors and the sum of squared relative error of parameters, and their rate of convergence. After comparing deconvolved results using these methods, it was concluded that Jansson's and Gold's methods were able to provide good profiles that are visually close to the original spectra. Additionally, Gold's method generally gives the best results when considering all the criteria above. The applications to the actual plasma spectra obtained from the EAST tokamak with these methods are also presented in this paper. The deconvolution results with Gold's and Jansson's methods show that the effects of instruments can be satisfactorily eliminated and clear spectra are recovered.

  7. FOREWORD: The 70th birthday of Professor Stig Stenholm The 70th birthday of Professor Stig Stenholm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suominen, Kalle-Antti

    2010-09-01

    information [7] and in Stockholm he had, again, very successful postdocs such as Ulf Leonhardt. Finally, in 2005, Stig Stenholm retired, although he is still active, writing papers, taking part in conferences and making research visits. We honoured his 70th birthday at the CEWQO2009 conference, and hope that the future provides us with further opportunities for such events. Looking at the obituary of Dirk ter Haar, I see that his style with students reminds me of Stig's approach. In my opinion, Stig expects independence and initiative from a student, giving perhaps a broad topic in which the student is expected to find his or her own way, whilst working perhaps with a postdoc. Juha Javanainen has talked about the 'sink or swim' style (not referring to Stig, though). There is a famous series of children's books about Moomin trolls by Tove Jansson (another Swedish-speaking Finn like Stig). In one of them, the Moomin find in early spring a small flower in a patch of land uncovered by snow, pushing its way up. One of them wants to cover it against frost during the night, but another says 'Don't, it'll fare better later if it has some difficulties at first'. At CEWQO2009 Stig gave the full list of his finished PhD students: Rainer Salomaa (1973), Temba Dlodlo (1980), Juha Javanainen (1980), Markus Lindberg (1985), Matti Kaivola (1985), Birger Ståhlberg (1985), Kalle-Antti Suominen (1992), Mackillo Kira (1995), Päivi Törmä (1996), Asta Paloviita (1997), Patrik Öhberg (1998), Martti Havukainen (1999), Erika Andersson (2000), Pawel Piwnicki (2001), Åsa Larson (2001), Markku Jääskeläinen (2003), and Jonas Larson (2005). One should also mention Erkki Kyrölä, who eventually graduated at Rochester and Olli Serimaa, who never graduated but published some important early-stage laser cooling work. As a final note I must mention a passion that Stig and I share, namely books. I have nearly 400 professional physics and mathematics books, but I am certain that the size of Stig

  8. Secrets of the Soil (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    SciTech Connect

    Brodie, Eoin; Northen, Trent; Jansson, Janet; Torn, Margaret

    2011-11-07

    Four Berkeley Lab scientists unveil the "Secrets of the Soil"at this Nov. 7, 2011 Science at the Theater event. Eoin Brodie, Janet Jansson, Margaret Torn and Trent Northen talk about their research and how soil could hold the key to our climate and energy future.The discussion was moderated by John Harte, who holds a joint professorship in the Energy and Resources Group and the Ecosystem Sciences Division of UC Berkeley's College of Natural Resources

  9. LIGA-based microsystem manufacturing:the electrochemistry of through-mold depostion and material properties.

    SciTech Connect

    Kelly, James J. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Goods, Steven Howard (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA)

    2005-06-01

    The report presented below is to appear in ''Electrochemistry at the Nanoscale'', Patrik Schmuki, Ed. Springer-Verlag, (ca. 2005). The history of the LIGA process, used for fabricating dimensional precise structures for microsystem applications, is briefly reviewed, as are the basic elements of the technology. The principal focus however, is on the unique aspects of the electrochemistry of LIGA through-mask metal deposition and the generation of the fine and uniform microstructures necessary to ensure proper functionality of LIGA components. We draw from both previously published work by external researchers in the field as well as from published and unpublished studies from within Sandia.

  10. Modified SNOW 3G: Stream cipher algorithm using piecewise linear chaotic map

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wasi, Muhammad Arif Ali; Windarta, Susila

    2016-02-01

    SNOW 3G is a synchronous stream cipher developed by Thomas Johansson and Patrik Ekhdal at Lund University. In 2006, it was chosen as the main part of the second set of Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) confidentiality and integrity algorithms [2]. In 2008, Patrik Böhm published a report entitled "Statistical Evaluation of Stream Cipher SNOW 3G". He tested the randomness properties of SNOW 3G key stream generator. Böhm using NIST statistical test suite as randomness test tool with three kinds of test, i.e. long key stream data set, short key stream data set, and initialization vector data set. The result of the report shows that from three kind of tests, only short key stream data set has not passed eight randomness tests. He state that the suggests SNOW 3G fail because there is a weakness in the initialization of the cipher. In this paper we modify SNOW 3G algorithm using piecewise linear chaotic map (PLCM) on the key initialization mode and keystream generation mode. We use the same statistical test that have been used by Böhm [5]. The experiment shows that modified SNOW 3G stream cipher algorithm has passed all the statistical test. The results prove that PLCM impact on algorithm's randomness.

  11. Terragenome: International Soil Metagenome Sequencing Consortium (GSC8 Meeting)

    ScienceCinema

    Jansson, Janet [LBNL

    2011-04-29

    The Genomic Standards Consortium was formed in September 2005. It is an international, open-membership working body which promotes standardization in the description of genomes and the exchange and integration of genomic data. The 2009 meeting was an activity of a five-year funding "Research Coordination Network" from the National Science Foundation and was organized held at the DOE Joint Genome Institute with organizational support provided by the JGI and by the University of California - San Diego. Janet Jansson of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory discusses the Terragenome Initiative at the Genomic Standards Consortium's 8th meeting at the DOE JGI in Walnut Creek, Calif. on Sept. 9, 2009

  12. Fast and accurate resonance assignment of small-to-large proteins by combining automated and manual approaches.

    PubMed

    Niklasson, Markus; Ahlner, Alexandra; Andresen, Cecilia; Marsh, Joseph A; Lundström, Patrik

    2015-01-01

    The process of resonance assignment is fundamental to most NMR studies of protein structure and dynamics. Unfortunately, the manual assignment of residues is tedious and time-consuming, and can represent a significant bottleneck for further characterization. Furthermore, while automated approaches have been developed, they are often limited in their accuracy, particularly for larger proteins. Here, we address this by introducing the software COMPASS, which, by combining automated resonance assignment with manual intervention, is able to achieve accuracy approaching that from manual assignments at greatly accelerated speeds. Moreover, by including the option to compensate for isotope shift effects in deuterated proteins, COMPASS is far more accurate for larger proteins than existing automated methods. COMPASS is an open-source project licensed under GNU General Public License and is available for download from http://www.liu.se/forskning/foass/tidigare-foass/patrik-lundstrom/software?l=en. Source code and binaries for Linux, Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows are available. PMID:25569628

  13. Modeling dissolved silica retention in the limnic system of North America

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lauerwald, R.; Jansen, N.; Hartmann, J.; Dürr, H. H.; Loos, S.; Kempe, S.; Middelkoop, H.

    2009-04-01

    Dissolved silica (DSi) is an important nutrient in freshwater and coastal ecosystems. The availability of DSi is governed by DSi mobilization from the terrestrial system into the limnic system and fluvial transport of DSi to the coasts, respectively. Part of the DSi is retained in the limnic system due to biotic uptake and sedimentation. Anthropogenic influences including eutrophication and construction of dams and locks can lead to an increase in DSi retention (Humborg et al., 2006), with potentially severe consequences for coastal ecosystems (Danielsson et al., 2008). It is here hypothesized that DSi retention can be calculated by subtracting DSi fluxes observed at downstream sampling locations from the amount of DSi mobilized from the terrestrial system into rivers. This strategy to estimate the DSi retention is applied to river systems located in the USA and evaluated. Hydrochemical data from the USGS programs WQN and NAWQA are used to calculate annual DSi fluxes for more than 500 sampling locations. For each water sampling location the river catchment and catchment properties (lithology, land cover, lake area etc.) are calculated. Emphasize is put on abundance and size of lakes, wetlands, and reservoirs as places of increased DSi retention. DSi mobilization into rivers is estimated applying an empirical mobilization function developed for the North American region (Jansen et al., submitted). On average, DSi fluxes from the terrestrial system into rivers are higher than observed fluvial DSi fluxes. The difference between mobilized and observed DSi fluxes increases with catchment area. Applying the introduced difference method to a subset of water sampling locations situated near the rivers' mouths (n=89), a discharge weighted average DSi retention of about 26% is calculated. Uncertainties due to the statistical methods are discussed. References Danielsson, A., Papush, L., and Rahm, L., 2008, Alterations in nutrient limitations - Scenarios of a changing Baltic

  14. Nitrogen Atom Energy Distributions in a Hollow-cathode Planar Sputtering Magnetron

    SciTech Connect

    D.N. Ruzic; M.J. Goeckner; Samuel A. Cohen; Zhehui Wang

    1999-06-01

    Energy distributions of N atoms in a hollow-cathode planar sputtering magnetron were obtained by use of optical emission spectroscopy. A characteristic line, N I 8216.3 Å, well-separated from molecular nitrogen emission bands, was identified. Jansson's nonlinear spectral deconvolution method, refined by minimization of {chi}w ² , was used to obtain the optimal deconvolved spectra. These showed nitrogen atom energies from 1 eV to beyond 500 eV. Based on comparisons with VFTRIM results, we propose that the energetic N atoms are generated from N2+ ions after these ions are accelerated through the sheath and dissociatively reflect from the cathode.

  15. Field-induced detrapping in doped organic semiconductors with Gaussian disorder and different carrier localizations on host and guest sites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scheb, M.; Zimmermann, C.; Jungemann, C.

    2015-09-01

    For organic host-guest systems with a low fraction of guest sites, i.e., the trap-limited case, field-induced detrapping of charge carriers is studied via master equation calculations under the assumption of Miller-Abrahams rates and two Gaussian distributions of uncorrelated energy levels. Among existing descriptions of carrier redistributions in the presence of an electric field, the effective temperature derived by F. Jansson, S. D. Baranovskii, F. Gebhard, and R. Österbacka [Phys. Rev. B 77, 195211 (2008), 10.1103/PhysRevB.77.195211] for pure host materials shows the best agreement with the simulation results. The detrapping description based on carrier heating is extended to the case that the two material-specific hopping rate parameters ν0 (attempt frequency) and α (decay constant or inverse localization length of charge carriers) are different for host and guest sites.

  16. Modal analysis of violin bodies viewed as three-dimensional structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rossing, Thomas D.; Molin, Nils-Erik; Runnemalm, Anna

    2003-10-01

    Modal analyses of violins show several strong modes in the low frequency range. Holographic interferograms suggest that four strong modes can be interpreted as doublets having two and three nodal planes that intersect a cylinder with a roughly elliptical cross section at the bridge [A. Runnemalm, N.-E. Molin, and E. Jansson, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 107, 3452-3459 (2000); M. Roberts and T. D. Rossing, Catgut Acoust. Soc. J. 3, 9-15 (1998)]. This is especially clear when the instrument is viewed simultaneously from three sides using mirrors, and the holographic system is made sensitive to in-plane motion as well. These doublets are not unlike those observed in cylindrical vibrators such as bells, and they remind us that a violin is a 3-dimensional object.

  17. The effect of temporal variability of soil moisture on mountain permafrost: a combined model and monitoring approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pellet, Cécile; Hauck, Christian; Stähli, Manfred

    2016-04-01

    Soil moisture is a key factor controlling the energy and mass exchange processes at the soil-atmosphere interface. In permanently frozen ground it strongly affects the thermal behaviour of the ground by influencing its physical properties such as ice content, thermal conductivity and heat capacity. It also influences other processes like evaporation, infiltration, refreezing rate and runoff and modifies the electrical and electromagnetic properties such as electrical conductivity and permittivity that are used in indirect geophysical and remote sensing methods. In a first attempt to quantify the role of water content, a soil moisture network along an altitudinal gradient in middle and high mountain areas in Switzerland has been initiated, and first results confirm the importance of different water related processes that are dominant at different elevation bands. At very high elevations, in permafrost regions, these processes have not yet been analysed in detail, and current state-of-the-art climate and climate impact simulations are neither calibrated nor validated regarding water content in the subsurface, mostly due to missing data. Using the data from the new soil moisture network in combination with measured in-situ ground temperatures and meteorological parameters (air temperature, global radiation, and wind speed), we calibrated the one dimensional heat and mass transfer model COUP (Jansson, 2012) at all locations. This model was then used to analyse the water balance and more precisely the specific repartition of precipitations into runoff, evaporation and change in moisture content. Finally, we analysed the relations between infiltrating water from the snow cover, phase changes and latent heat release and its influence on subsurface temperature in frozen terrains. REFERENCES Jansson, P.-E. 2012: Coupmodel: Model Use, Calibration and Validation, Transaction of the Asabe, 55(4), 1335-1344.

  18. Brane-antibrane systems and the thermal life of neutral black holes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saremi, Omid; Peet, Amanda W.

    2004-07-01

    A brane-antibrane model for the entropy of neutral black branes is developed, following on from the work of Danielsson, Guijosa, and Kruczenski [J. High Energy Phys. 09, 011 (2001); Rev. Mex. Fis. 49S2, 61 (2003)]. The model involves equal numbers of Dp-branes and anti-Dp-branes, and arbitrary angular momenta, and covers the cases p=0,1,2,3,4. The thermodynamic entropy is reproduced by the strongly coupled field theory, up to a power of 2. The strong-coupling physics of the p=0 case is further developed numerically, using techniques of Kabat and co-workers [Nucl. Phys. B571, 419 (2000); Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1426 (2001)], in the context of a toy model containing the tachyon and the bosonic degrees of freedom of the D0-brane and anti-D0-brane quantum mechanics. Preliminary numerical results show that strong-coupling finite-temperature stabilization of the tachyon is possible, in this context.

  19. `You Have to Give Them Some Science Facts': Primary Student Teachers' Early Negotiations of Teacher Identities in the Intersections of Discourses About Science Teaching and About Primary Teaching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Danielsson, Anna T.; Warwick, Paul

    2014-04-01

    In the broadest sense, the goal for primary science teacher education could be described as preparing these teachers to teach for scientific literacy. Our starting point is that making such science teaching accessible and desirable for future primary science teachers is dependent not only on their science knowledge and self-confidence, but also on a whole range of interrelated sociocultural factors. This paper aims to explore how intersections between different Discourses about primary teaching and about science teaching are evidenced in primary school student teachers' talk about becoming teachers. The study is founded in a conceptualisation of learning as a process of social participation. The conceptual framework is crafted around two key concepts: Discourse (Gee 2005) and identity (Paechter, Women's Studies International Forum, 26(1):69-77, 2007). Empirically, the paper utilises semi-structured interviews with 11 primary student teachers enrolled in a 1-year Postgraduate Certificate of Education course. The analysis draws on five previously identified teacher Discourses: `Teaching science through inquiry', `Traditional science teacher', `Traditional primary teacher', `Teacher as classroom authority', and `Primary teacher as a role model' (Danielsson and Warwick, International Journal of Science Education, 2013). It explores how the student teachers, at an early stage in their course, are starting to intersect these Discourses to negotiate their emerging identities as primary science teachers.

  20. Full data consistency conditions for cone-beam projections with sources on a plane.

    PubMed

    Clackdoyle, Rolf; Desbat, Laurent

    2013-12-01

    Cone-beam consistency conditions (also known as range conditions) are mathematical relationships between different cone-beam projections, and they therefore describe the redundancy or overlap of information between projections. These redundancies have often been exploited for applications in image reconstruction. In this work we describe new consistency conditions for cone-beam projections whose source positions lie on a plane. A further restriction is that the target object must not intersect this plane. The conditions require that moments of the cone-beam projections be polynomial functions of the source positions, with some additional constraints on the coefficients of the polynomials. A precise description of the consistency conditions is that the four parameters of the cone-beam projections (two for the detector, two for the source position) can be expressed with just three variables, using a certain formulation involving homogeneous polynomials. The main contribution of this work is our demonstration that these conditions are not only necessary, but also sufficient. Thus the consistency conditions completely characterize all redundancies, so no other independent conditions are possible and in this sense the conditions are full. The idea of the proof is to use the known consistency conditions for 3D parallel projections, and to then apply a 1996 theorem of Edholm and Danielsson that links parallel to cone-beam projections. The consistency conditions are illustrated with a simulation example. PMID:24240245

  1. The uptake and storage of radio-cesium and radio-strontium by spring wheat - a modeling study based on a field experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gärdenäs, A.; Berglund, L.; Bengtsson, S. B.; Rosén, K.

    2013-12-01

    The overall aim of this study is to model, quantify and analyze the dynamics of uptake (foliar and root) and storage of wet-deposited radionuclides by a growing crop. The dynamic trace element cycling model Tracey (Gärdenäs et al. 2009) for terrestrial ecosystems was used after extension with descriptions for contamination by wet-deposition, interception, and fixation as well as adaptation for agricultural systems. Radionuclides fluxes were assumed to be proportional to corresponding water or carbon fluxes in the soil-plant-atmosphere system, simulated dynamically with the CoupModel (Jansson 2012). Experimental data of the Ultuna deposition experiment of radio-cesium (Cs-134) and radio-strontium (Sr-85) on spring wheat (Bengtsson et al. 2012, 2013) were used to calibrate and validate the extended Tracey model; Cs-134 and Sr-85 were deposited with a rain simulator at six different growth stages, ranging from tillering to fully ripeness. The simulated intercepted amount shortly after each of the six deposition occasions and the simulated stored amount of radionuclides in grains and total above-ground plant at harvest were compared with the measured data of growing season 2010 and 2011 using as criteria for acceptance 95% confidence interval. The sensitivity for different environmental, crop and radionuclide properties such as the soil absorption capacity, the degree of translocation from leaves to grain and the valence of radionuclides were assessed by means of a sensitivity analyses and expressed as Spearman rank correlation coefficients. The importance of root versus foliar uptake for storage in grains for the different deposition occasions was analyzed. The preliminary results showed that the measured amounts of Cs-134 and Sr-85 could be simulated with the extended Tracey model, though the posterior distribution differed from prior distribution. The absorption rate of stem governed the radionuclides storage in grains when deposition took place early in the

  2. Cone-beam reconstruction using the backprojection of locally filtered projections.

    PubMed

    Pack, Jed D; Noo, Frédéric; Clackdoyle, Rolf

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes a flexible new methodology for accurate cone beam reconstruction with source positions on a curve (or set of curves). The inversion formulas employed by this methodology are based on first backprojecting a simple derivative in the projection space and then applying a Hilbert transform inversion in the image space. The local nature of the projection space filtering distinguishes this approach from conventional filtered-backprojection methods. This characteristic together with a degree of flexibility in choosing the direction of the Hilbert transform used for inversion offers two important features for the design of data acquisition geometries and reconstruction algorithms. First, the size of the detector necessary to acquire sufficient data for accurate reconstruction of a given region is often smaller than that required by previously documented approaches. In other words, more data truncation is allowed. Second, redundant data can be incorporated for the purpose of noise reduction. The validity of the inversion formulas along with the application of these two properties are illustrated with reconstructions from computer simulated data. In particular, in the helical cone beam geometry, it is shown that 1) intermittent transaxial truncation has no effect on the reconstruction in a central region which means that wider patients can be accommodated on existing scanners, and more importantly that radiation exposure can be reduced for region of interest imaging and 2) at maximum pitch the data outside the Tam-Danielsson window can be used to reduce image noise and thereby improve dose utilization. Furthermore, the degree of axial truncation tolerated by our approach for saddle trajectories is shown to be larger than that of previous methods. PMID:15638187

  3. Magnetic deflections of ultra-high energy cosmic rays from Centaurus A

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keivani, Azadeh; Farrar, Glennys R.; Sutherland, Michael

    2015-02-01

    We present the results of a study that simulates trajectories of ultra-high energy cosmic rays from Centaurus A to Earth, for particle rigidities from E / Z = 2 EV to 100 EV, i.e., covering the possibility of primary particles as heavy as Fe nuclei with energies exceeding 50 EeV. The Galactic magnetic field is modeled using the recent work of Jansson and Farrar (JF12) which fitted its parameters to match extragalactic Faraday rotation measures and WMAP7 synchrotron emission maps. We include the random component of the GMF using the JF12 3D model for Brand (r →) and explore the impact of different random realizations, coherence length and other features on cosmic ray deflections. Gross aspects of the arrival direction distribution such as mean deflection and the RMS dispersion depend mainly on rigidity and differ relatively little from one realization to another. However different realizations exhibit non-trivial substructure whose specific features vary considerably from one realization to another, especially for lower rigidities. At the lowest rigidity of 2 EV, the distribution is broad enough that it might be compatible with a scenario in which Cen A is the principle source of all UHECRs. No attempt is made here to formulate a robust test of this possibility, although some challenges to such a scenario are noted.

  4. Dynamics of glass-forming liquids. XIV. A search for ultraslow dielectric relaxation in glycerol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Richert, Ranko

    2010-08-01

    A recent dielectric study of various polyalcohols reported on the general occurrence of an ultraslow process with Debye type character in hydrogen bonded liquids [R. Bergman, H. Jansson, and J. Swenson, J. Chem. Phys. 132, 044504 (2010)], whereas previous work suggested that such behavior is specific to monoalcohols only. Clarifying this issue is highly relevant for assessing models aimed at rationalizing these modes that are slower than the primary structural relaxation and associated with a single time constant. To this end, the dielectric relaxation of glycerol is measured at different electrode distances with high accuracy. In this manner, electrode polarization can be separated from the dielectric signals intrinsic in the supercooled liquid. In the frequency range below the loss peak frequency ωmax of the α-process, only dc-conductivity is required to understand the dielectric properties of supercooled glycerol within a margin of ɛ″≈±0.1 and thus no indication of an ultraslow peak is found. More quantitatively, any dielectric Debye like mode located around 10-5ωmax would need to have an amplitude smaller than 0.4% of that of the primary dielectric process to be consistent with the present findings, in contrast to previous claims of >50%.

  5. Rotating polygon instability of a swirling free surface flow.

    PubMed

    Tophøj, L; Mougel, J; Bohr, T; Fabre, D

    2013-05-10

    We explain the rotating polygon instability on a swirling fluid surface [G. H. Vatistas, J. Fluid Mech. 217, 241 (1990) and Jansson et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 174502 (2006)] in terms of resonant interactions between gravity waves on the outer part of the surface and centrifugal waves on the inner part. Our model is based on potential flow theory, linearized around a potential vortex flow with a free surface for which we show that unstable resonant states appear. Limiting our attention to the lowest order mode of each type of wave and their interaction, we obtain an analytically soluble model, which, together with estimates of the circulation based on angular momentum balance, reproduces the main features of the experimental phase diagram. The generality of our arguments implies that the instability should not be limited to flows with a rotating bottom (implying singular behavior near the corners), and indeed we show that we can obtain the polygons transiently by violently stirring liquid nitrogen in a hot container. PMID:23705710

  6. Philosophy and concepts of modern spine surgery.

    PubMed

    José-Antonio, Soriano-Sánchez; Baabor-Aqueveque, Marcos; Silva-Morales, Francisco

    2011-01-01

    The main goal of improving pain and neurological deficit in the practice of spine surgery is changing for a more ambitious goal, namely to improve the overall quality of life and the future of patients through three major actions (1) preserving the vertebral anatomical structures; (2) preserving the paravertebral anatomical structures; and (3) preserving the functionality of the segment. Thus, three new concepts have emerged (a) minimal surgery; (b) minimal access surgery; and (c) motion preservation surgery. These concepts are covered in a new term, minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) The term "MISS" is not about one or several particular surgical techniques, but a new way of thinking, a new philosophy. Although the development of minimally invasive spine surgery is recent, its application includes all spine segments and almost all the existing conditions, including deformities.Evidence-based medicine (EBM), a term coined by Alvan Feinstein in the 1960s (Feinstein A (1964) Annals of Internal Medicine 61: 564-579; Feinstein A (1964) Annals of Internal Medicine 61: 757-781; Feinstein A (1964) Annals of Internal Medicine 61: 944-965; Feinstein A (1964) Annals of Internal Medicine 61: 1162-1193.), emphasizes the possibility of combining art and science following the strict application of scientific methods in the treatment of patients (Feinstein A (1964) Annals of Internal Medicine 61: 944-965; Feinstein A (1964) Annals of Internal Medicine 61: 1162-1193.), which may represent the advantages of objectivity and rationality in the use of different treatments (Fig. 11). However, EBM has many obvious defects, especially in spine surgery it is almost impossible to develop double-blind protocols (Andersson G, Bridwell K, Danielsson A, et al (2007) Spine 32: S64-S65.). In most cases, the only evidence one can find in the literature is the lack of evidence (Resnick D (2007) Spine 32:S15-S19.), however, the lack of evidence does not mean its absence. Only then, with a

  7. The stoichiometry of the two photosystems in higher plants revisited.

    PubMed

    Fan, Da-Yong; Hope, Alexander B; Smith, Paul J; Jia, Husen; Pace, Ronald J; Anderson, Jan M; Chow, Wah Soon

    2007-08-01

    The stoichiometry of Photosystem II (PSII) to Photosystem I (PSI) reaction centres in spinach leaf segments was determined by two methods, each capable of being applied to monitor the presence of both photosystems in a given sample. One method was based on a fast electrochromic (EC) signal, which in the millisecond time scale represents a change in the delocalized electric potential difference across the thylakoid membrane resulting from charge separation in both photosystems. This method was applied to leaf segments, thus avoiding any potential artefacts associated with the isolation of thylakoid membranes. Two variations of this method, suppressing PSII activity by prior photoinactivation (in spinach and poplar leaf segments) or suppressing PSI by photo-oxidation of P700 (the chlorophyll dimer in PSI) with background far-red light (in spinach, poplar and cucumber leaf segments), each gave the separate contribution of each photosystem to the fast EC signal; the PSII/PSI stoichiometry obtained by this method was in the range 1.5-1.9 for the three plant species, and 1.5-1.8 for spinach in particular. A second method, based on electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), gave values in a comparable range of 1.7-2.1 for spinach. A third method, which consisted of separately determining the content of functional PSII in leaf segments by the oxygen yield per single turnover-flash and that of PSI by photo-oxidation of P700 in thylakoids isolated from the corresponding leaves, gave a PSII/PSI stoichiometry (1.5-1.7) that was consistent with the above values. It is concluded that the ratio of PSII to PSI reaction centres is considerably higher than unity in typical higher plants, in contrast to a surprisingly low PSII/PSI ratio of 0.88, determined by EPR, that was reported for spinach grown in a cabinet under far-red-deficient light in Sweden [Danielsson et al. (2004) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1608: 53-61]. We suggest that the low PSII/PSI ratio in the Swedish spinach, grown in far

  8. The androgen receptor confers protection against diet-induced atherosclerosis, obesity, and dyslipidemia in female mice

    PubMed Central

    Fagman, Johan B.; Wilhelmson, Anna S.; Motta, Benedetta M.; Pirazzi, Carlo; Alexanderson, Camilla; De Gendt, Karel; Verhoeven, Guido; Holmäng, Agneta; Anesten, Fredrik; Jansson, John-Olov; Levin, Malin; Borén, Jan; Ohlsson, Claes; Krettek, Alexandra; Romeo, Stefano; Tivesten, Åsa

    2015-01-01

    Androgens have important cardiometabolic actions in males, but their metabolic role in females is unclear. To determine the physiologic androgen receptor (AR)–dependent actions of androgens on atherogenesis in female mice, we generated female AR-knockout (ARKO) mice on an atherosclerosis-prone apolipoprotein E (apoE)–deficient background. After 8 weeks on a high-fat diet, but not on a normal chow diet, atherosclerosis in aorta was increased in ARKO females (+59% vs. control apoE-deficient mice with intact AR gene). They also displayed increased body weight (+18%), body fat percentage (+62%), and hepatic triglyceride levels, reduced insulin sensitivity, and a marked atherogenic dyslipidemia (serum cholesterol, +52%). Differences in atherosclerosis, body weight, and lipid levels between ARKO and control mice were abolished in mice that were ovariectomized before puberty, consistent with a protective action of ovarian androgens mediated via the AR. Furthermore, the AR agonist dihydrotestosterone reduced atherosclerosis (−41%; thoracic aorta), subcutaneous fat mass (−44%), and cholesterol levels (−35%) in ovariectomized mice, reduced hepatocyte lipid accumulation in hepatoma cells in vitro, and regulated mRNA expression of hepatic genes pivotal for lipid homeostasis. In conclusion, we demonstrate that the AR protects against diet-induced atherosclerosis in female mice and propose that this is mediated by modulation of body composition and lipid metabolism.—Fagman, J. B., Wilhelmson, A. S., Motta, B. M., Pirazzi, C., Alexanderson, C., De Gendt, K., Verhoeven, G., Holmäng, A., Anesten, F., Jansson, J.-O., Levin, M., Borén, J., Ohlsson, C., Krettek, A., Romeo, S., Tivesten, A. The androgen receptor confers protection against diet-induced atherosclerosis, obesity, and dyslipidemia in female mice. PMID:25550469

  9. Colistin Population Pharmacokinetics after Application of a Loading Dose of 9 MU Colistin Methanesulfonate in Critically Ill Patients

    PubMed Central

    Friberg, Lena E.; Pontikis, Konstantinos; Ioannidis, Konstantinos; Tsagkari, Vasiliki; Galani, Lamprini; Kostakou, Eirini; Baziaka, Fotini; Paskalis, Charalambos; Koutsoukou, Antonia; Giamarellou, Helen

    2015-01-01

    Colistin has been revived, in the era of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Gram-negative infections, as the last-resort treatment in critically ill patients. Recent studies focusing on the optimal dosing strategy of colistin have demonstrated the necessity of a loading dose at treatment initiation (D. Plachouras, M. Karvanen, L. E. Friberg, E. Papadomichelakis, A. Antoniadou, I. Tsangaris, I. Karaiskos, G. Poulakou, F. Kontopidou, A. Armaganidis, O. Cars, and H. Giamarellou, Antimicrob Agents Chemother 53:3430–3436, 2009, http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.01361-08; A. F. Mohamed, I. Karaiskos, D. Plachouras, M. Karvanen, K. Pontikis, B. Jansson, E. Papadomichelakis, A. Antoniadou, H. Giamarellou, A. Armaganidis, O. Cars, and L. E. Friberg, Antimicrob Agents Chemother 56:4241– 4249, 2012, http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.06426-11; S. M. Garonzik, J. Li, V. Thamlikitkul, D. L. Paterson, S. Shoham, J. Jacob, F. P. Silveira, A. Forrest, and R. L. Nation, Antimicrob Agents Chemother 55:3284–3294, 2011, http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.01733-10). In 19 critically ill patients with suspected or microbiologically documented infections caused by XDR Gram-negative strains, a loading dose of 9 MU colistin methanesulfonate (CMS) (∼270 mg colistin base activity) was administered with a maintenance dose of 4.5 MU every 12 h, commenced after 24 h. Patients on renal replacement were excluded. CMS infusion was given over 30 min or 1 h. Repeated blood sampling was performed after the loading dose and after the 5th or 6th dose. Colistin concentrations and measured CMS, determined after hydrolization to colistin and including the partially sulfomethylated derivatives, were determined with a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry assay. Population pharmacokinetic analysis was conducted in NONMEM with the new data combined with data from previous studies. Measured colistimethate concentrations were described by 4 compartments for distribution and removal of sulfomethyl groups

  10. Colistin Population Pharmacokinetics after Application of a Loading Dose of 9 MU Colistin Methanesulfonate in Critically Ill Patients.

    PubMed

    Karaiskos, Ilias; Friberg, Lena E; Pontikis, Konstantinos; Ioannidis, Konstantinos; Tsagkari, Vasiliki; Galani, Lamprini; Kostakou, Eirini; Baziaka, Fotini; Paskalis, Charalambos; Koutsoukou, Antonia; Giamarellou, Helen

    2015-12-01

    Colistin has been revived, in the era of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Gram-negative infections, as the last-resort treatment in critically ill patients. Recent studies focusing on the optimal dosing strategy of colistin have demonstrated the necessity of a loading dose at treatment initiation (D. Plachouras, M. Karvanen, L. E. Friberg, E. Papadomichelakis, A. Antoniadou, I. Tsangaris, I. Karaiskos, G. Poulakou, F. Kontopidou, A. Armaganidis, O. Cars, and H. Giamarellou, Antimicrob Agents Chemother 53:3430-3436, 2009, http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.01361-08; A. F. Mohamed, I. Karaiskos, D. Plachouras, M. Karvanen, K. Pontikis, B. Jansson, E. Papadomichelakis, A. Antoniadou, H. Giamarellou, A. Armaganidis, O. Cars, and L. E. Friberg, Antimicrob Agents Chemother 56:4241- 4249, 2012, http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.06426-11; S. M. Garonzik, J. Li, V. Thamlikitkul, D. L. Paterson, S. Shoham, J. Jacob, F. P. Silveira, A. Forrest, and R. L. Nation, Antimicrob Agents Chemother 55:3284-3294, 2011, http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.01733-10). In 19 critically ill patients with suspected or microbiologically documented infections caused by XDR Gram-negative strains, a loading dose of 9 MU colistin methanesulfonate (CMS) (∼ 270 mg colistin base activity) was administered with a maintenance dose of 4.5 MU every 12 h, commenced after 24 h. Patients on renal replacement were excluded. CMS infusion was given over 30 min or 1 h. Repeated blood sampling was performed after the loading dose and after the 5th or 6th dose. Colistin concentrations and measured CMS, determined after hydrolization to colistin and including the partially sulfomethylated derivatives, were determined with a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry assay. Population pharmacokinetic analysis was conducted in NONMEM with the new data combined with data from previous studies. Measured colistimethate concentrations were described by 4 compartments for distribution and removal of sulfomethyl groups, while

  11. New constraints on modelling the random magnetic field of the MW

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beck, Marcus C.; Beck, Alexander M.; Beck, Rainer; Dolag, Klaus; Strong, Andrew W.; Nielaba, Peter

    2016-05-01

    We extend the description of the isotropic and anisotropic random component of the small-scale magnetic field within the existing magnetic field model of the Milky Way from Jansson & Farrar, by including random realizations of the small-scale component. Using a magnetic-field power spectrum with Gaussian random fields, the NE2001 model for the thermal electrons and the Galactic cosmic-ray electron distribution from the current GALPROP model we derive full-sky maps for the total and polarized synchrotron intensity as well as the Faraday rotation-measure distribution. While previous work assumed that small-scale fluctuations average out along the line-of-sight or which only computed ensemble averages of random fields, we show that these fluctuations need to be carefully taken into account. Comparing with observational data we obtain not only good agreement with 408 MHz total and WMAP7 22 GHz polarized intensity emission maps, but also an improved agreement with Galactic foreground rotation-measure maps and power spectra, whose amplitude and shape strongly depend on the parameters of the random field. We demonstrate that a correlation length of 0≈22 pc (05 pc being a 5σ lower limit) is needed to match the slope of the observed power spectrum of Galactic foreground rotation-measure maps. Using multiple realizations allows us also to infer errors on individual observables. We find that previously-used amplitudes for random and anisotropic random magnetic field components need to be rescaled by factors of ≈0.3 and 0.6 to account for the new small-scale contributions. Our model predicts a rotation measure of ‑2.8±7.1 rad/m2 and 04.4±11. rad/m2 for the north and south Galactic poles respectively, in good agreement with observations. Applying our model to deflections of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays we infer a mean deflection of ≈3.5±1.1 degree for 60 EeV protons arriving from CenA.

  12. The Galactic Magnetic Field and its lensing of Ultrahigh Energy and Galactic Cosmic Rays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Farrar, Glennys

    2015-08-01

    It has long been recognized that magnetic fields play an important role in many astrophysical environments, but the magnetic field strength and structure has only been quantitatively determined for relatively few systems beyond our solar system.Our understanding of the Galactic magnetic field (GMF) has improved tremendously in recent years. The Jansson-Farrar (2012) (JF12) GMF model is the most realistic and comprehensive model available. It was constrained by fitting all-sky Faraday Rotation Measures of ~40k extragalactic sources, simultaneously with WMAP polarized (Q,U) and total synchrotron emission maps - together providing a total of more than 10,000 independent datapoints, each with measured astrophysical variance. In addition to disk and toroidal halo components, a previously overlooked coherent poloidal halo field proves to be necessary to account for the RM, Q and U data. Moreover a “striated” random component is needed in addition to a fully random component, in both disk and halo.The talk will give a concise review of the JF12 model and its derivation, with emphasis on which features of the GMF are well or poorly established. I will show that the data unambiguously demand a large scale coherent component to the halo field which is a diverging-spiral centered on the Galactic center, with field lines running from Southern to Northern hemispheres. The puzzles posed by the large scale coherent halo and disk magnetic fields, and their possible origins, will be discussed.Having a good model of the Galactic magnetic field is crucial for determining the sources of UHECRs, for modeling the transport of Galactic CRs (the halo field provides a heretofore-overlooked escape route for by diffusion along its field lines), and for calculating the background to dark matter and CMB-cosmology studies. I will present new results on the lensing effect of the GMF on UHECRs, which produces multiple images and dramatic magnification and demagnification that varies with

  13. Lipids and Molecular Tools as Biomarkers in Monitoring Air Sparging Bioremediation Processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heipieper, Hermann J.; Fischer, Janett

    2010-05-01

    .J., Junca H. (2009) Enhancement of the microbial community biomass and diversity during air sparging bioremediation of a Northern Bohemia soil highly contaminated with kerosene and BTEX. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 82:565-577. Heipieper H.J. (2009) Isolation and analysis of lipids, biomarkers. In: Timmis K.N. (Ed.) Handbook of Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology. Springer, Berlin. Vol. 5, Part 2, pp. 3743-3750. Unell M., Kabelitz N., Jansson J.K., Heipieper H.J. (2007) Adaptation of the psychrotroph Arthrobacter chlorophenolicus A6 to growth temperature and the presence of phenols by changes in the anteiso/iso ratio of branched fatty acids. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 266 : 138-143.

  14. Inhibition of microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 by aminothiazoles decreases prostaglandin E2 synthesis in vitro and ameliorates experimental periodontitis in vivo

    PubMed Central

    Kats, Anna; Båge, Tove; Georgsson, Pierre; Jönsson, Jörgen; Quezada, Hernán Concha; Gustafsson, Anders; Jansson, Leif; Lindberg, Claes; Näsström, Karin; Yucel-Lindberg, Tülay

    2013-01-01

    The potent inflammatory mediator prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is implicated in the pathogenesis of several chronic inflammatory conditions, including periodontitis. The inducible enzyme microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 (mPGES-1), catalyzing the terminal step of PGE2 biosynthesis, is an attractive target for selective PGE2 inhibition. To identify mPGES-1 inhibitors, we investigated the effect of aminothiazoles on inflammation-induced PGE2 synthesis in vitro, using human gingival fibroblasts stimulated with the cytokine IL-1β and a cell-free mPGES-1 activity assay, as well as on inflammation-induced bone resorption in vivo, using ligature-induced experimental periodontitis in Sprague-Dawley rats. Aminothiazoles 4-([4-(2-naphthyl)-1,3-thiazol-2-yl]amino)phenol (TH-848) and 4-(3-fluoro-4-methoxyphenyl)-N-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1,3-thiazol-2-amine (TH-644) reduced IL-1β-induced PGE2 production in fibroblasts (IC50 1.1 and 1.5 μM, respectively) as well as recombinant mPGES-1 activity, without affecting activity or expression of the upstream enzyme cyclooxygenase-2. In ligature-induced experimental periodontitis, alveolar bone loss, assessed by X-ray imaging, was reduced by 46% by local treatment with TH-848, compared to vehicle, without any systemic effects on PGE2, 6-keto PGF1α, LTB4 or cytokine levels. In summary, these results demonstrate that the aminothiazoles represent novel mPGES-1 inhibitors for inhibition of PGE2 production and reduction of bone resorption in experimental periodontitis, and may be used as potential anti-inflammatory drugs for treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases, including periodontitis.—Kats, A., Båge, T., Georgsson, P., Jönsson, J., Quezada, H. C., Gustafsson, A., Jansson, L., Lindberg, C., Näsström, K., Yucel-Lindberg, T. Inhibition of microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 by aminothiazoles decreases prostaglandin E2 synthesis in vitro and ameliorates experimental periodontitis in vivo. PMID:23447581

  15. Sensitivity analysis of a soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer (SVAT) model parameterised for a British floodplain meadow

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morris, P. J.; Verhoef, A.; Van der Tol, C.; Macdonald, D.

    2011-12-01

    Rationale: Floodplain meadows are highly species-rich grassland ecosystems, unique in that their vegetation and soil structures have been shaped and maintained by ~1,000 yrs of traditional, low-intensity agricultural management. Widespread development on floodplains over the last two centuries has left few remaining examples of these once commonplace ecosystems and they are afforded high conservation value by British and European agencies. Increased incidences and severity of summer drought and winter flooding in Britain in recent years have placed floodplain plant communities under stress through altered soil moisture regimes. There is a clear need for improved management strategies if the last remaining British floodplain meadows are to be conserved under changing climates. Aim: As part of the Floodplain Underground Sensors Experiment (FUSE, a 3-year project funded by the Natural Environment Research Council) we aim to understand the environmental controls over soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfers (SVAT) of water, CO2 and energy at Yarnton Mead, a floodplain meadow in southern England. An existing model, SCOPE (Soil Canopy Observation, Photochemistry and Energy fluxes; van der Tol et al., 2009), uses remotely-sensed infrared radiance spectra to predict heat and water transfers between a vegetation canopy and the atmosphere. We intend to expand SCOPE by developing a more realistic, physically-based representation of water, gas and energy transfers between soil and vegetation. This improved understanding will eventually take the form of a new submodel within SCOPE, allowing more rigorous estimation of soil-canopy-atmosphere exchanges for the site using predominantly remotely-sensed data. In this context a number of existing SVAT models will be tested and compared to ensure that only reliable and robust underground model components will be coupled to SCOPE. Approach: For this study, we parameterised an existing and widely-used SVAT model (CoupModel; Jansson, 2011

  16. Thermodynamical and Hydrological Discontinuities in Polythermal Glaciers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aschwanden, A.; Kirner, P.; Rappaz, J.; Blatter, H.

    2006-12-01

    CTS a correct formulation of the boundary condition at the BTT is crucial. Due to thermodynamics and hydrology, this transition is expected to occur gradually over a transition zone. Upstream of the transition zone, where the ice is temperate, all geothermal and frictional heat is consumed for melting of basal ice. Within the transition zone, the basal ice becomes cold but the very base is still at the pressure melting point and melting can still occur at the ice sole. Within the transition zone, the fraction of geothermal and frictional heat used for basal melt decreases gradually and the remaining heat enters the ice. Downstream of the transition zone, where the ice base is cold, all of the geothermal heat flow into the ice and sliding drops to zero or almost zero. To test this hypothesis, a process-oriented model is under development. Aschwanden, A. and H. Blatter (2005). Meltwater production due to strain heating in Storglaciaären, Sweden. J. Geophys. Res. 110 (F04024, doi:10.1029/2005JF000328). Pettersson, R., P. Jansson, and H. Blatter (2004). Spatial variability in water content at the cold-temperate transition surface of the polythermal Storglacïren, Sweden. J. Geophys. Res. 109.

  17. EDITORIAL: King of the elements? King of the elements?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Demming, Anna

    2010-07-01

    sensitivity can be enhanced by two orders of magnitude when the graphene is doped with an impurity such as boron [11]. Work on graphene has also prompted the possibility of a new field of application in electron-spin-based quantum computing. In this issue, Patrik Recher and Björn Trauzettel in Germany present an overview on the latest research on quantum dots of graphene, graphene nanoribbons and discs in single- and bilayer graphene with a view to their possible application as qubits in computing [12]. Nanodiamonds with nitrogen vacancies have been shown to behave as quantum-dot-like fluorescent nanostructures that are not susceptible to bleaching. Once certain nanotoxicological concerns have been settled, such nanodiamonds may one day be useful for imaging, and means of industrial scale fabrication have already been reported [13]. Other possible medical applications of carbon nanostructures include the use of carbon nanofibres for improved neural and orthopaedic implants [14]. Electronics, sensing, medicine, quantum computing; the utility of carbon in nanotechnology is apparently unlimited. Of course there is as much work in inorganic research advancing as rapidly and in fields just as diverse. Actual commercialisation of devices based on these carbon wonder materials is still pending, but the extraordinary properties of carbon-based materials holds an unavoidable fascination that is likely to endure and inspire further research and discoveries for some time to come. References [1] Kroto H W, Heath J R, O'Brien S C, Curl R F and Smalley R E 1985 Nature 318 162-3 [2] The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1996 Nobelprize.org http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1996 [3] Ijima S 1991 Nature 354 56-38 [4] Treacy M M J, Ebbesen T W and Gibson J M 1996 Nature 381 370-80 [5] Cranford S W and Buehler M J 2010 Nanotechnology 21 265706 [6] Wilder J W G, Venema L C, Rinzler A G, Smalley R E and Dekker C 1997 Nature 391 59-62 [7] Che J, Çagin T and Goddard III W A 2000

  18. What has happened in about the last 20 years in the Canyoles watershed?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ángel González Peñaloza, Félix; Cerdà, Artemi; Díaz del Olmo, Fernando

    2013-04-01

    Union FP7. ENV.2009 243857. Keywords: GIS, land use, degradation, Cànyoles valley, agricultural practices. References Bodí, M.B., Cerdà, A., Mataix-Solera, J., Doerr, S.H. 2012. Efectos de los incendios forestales en la vegetación y el suelo en la cuenca mediterránea: revisión bibliográfica. Boletín de la Asociación de Geógrafos Españoles 58, 33-35 Cerdà, A, Giménez - Morera, A. Terol, E., Domínguez, A. Jurgensen, M.F., Doerr, S.H. 1999. Cultivos de cítricos y erosión de suelos en el este de la Península Ibérica. En Control de la Degradación de los suelos y cambio global (Eds: Sánchez Díaz, J., Asins Velis, S.). IV Simposio sobre control de la degradación de los suelos y cambio global. Universitat de València. Valencia. 71 - 72. Cerdà, A. 1994. Arroyada superficial en terrazas de cultivo abandonadas. El caso del País Valenciano. Cuadernos de Geografía 56, 135-154 Cerdá, A. 2007. Soil water erosion on road embankments in Eastern Spain. Science of the Total Environments 378, 151-155. González-Peñaloza, F.A., Cerdà, Zavala, L.M., Jordán, A. 2012. Do conservative agriculture practices increase soil water repellency? A case study in citrus-cropped soils. Soil & Tillage Research 124, 233 - 239. Keenleyside, C., Tucker, G.M. 2010. Farmland Abandonment in the EU: An assessment of Trend and Prospects. Report Prepared for WWF. Institute for European Environmental Policy, London. 93 pp. MacDonald, D., Crabtree, J.R., Wiesinger, G., Dax, T., Stamou, N., Fleury, P., Gutiérrez-Lazpita, J., Gibon, A. 2000. Agricultural abandonment in mountain areas of Europe: Environmental consequenses and policy reponse. Journal of Environmental Management 59, 47-69. Piqueras, J. 2012. Geografía del Territorio Valenciano. Departament de Geografia, Universitat de València (Valencia, España). 256 pp. Renwick, A., Jansson, T., Verburg, P.H., Revoredo-Giha, C., Britz, W., Gocht, A., McCracken, D. 2013. Policy reforms and agricultural land abandonment in the EU. Land Use

  19. The enigma of the Australian Alps, young landscapes and missing cryogenic features.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Slee, Adrian; Shulmeister, James; Clark, Doug

    2014-05-01

    glaciation. It is also noteworthy that the periglacial features on mainland SE Australia that have absolute ages relate primarily to the last glacial maximum (Barrows et al. 2004). This again contrasts with Tasmania were the periglacial features are both associated with multiple ice ages and are often polygenetic. This presentation reviews geomorphic evidence from two of the highest regions of SE Australia (Bogong High Plains and the Kosciuszko Massif) to determine the extent and nature of cryogenic landscape features in these areas. It will attempt to resolve questions both about the nature of processes operating in these landscapes and add to the debate about the curious paucity of pre-last glacial landscapes at high elevations in SE Australia. References: Barrows, T.T., Stone, J.O., Fifield, L.K. and Cresswell, R.G., 2001. Late Pleistocene glaciation of the Kosciuszko Massif, Snowy Mountains, Australia. Quaternary Research, 55: 179-189 Barrows, T.T., Stone, J. O. and Fifield. L.K, 2004. Exposure ages for Plestocene periglacial deposits in Australia. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 23 (5-6): 697-708 Colhoun, E.A., Kiernan, K., Barrows, T.T. and Geode, A., 2010, Advances in Quaternary studies in Tasmania. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 346:121-139 Glasser, N.F., Jansson, K.N., Harrison, S. and Klenman, J., 2008. The glacial geomorphology and Pleistocene history of South America between 38°S and 56°S. Quaternary Science Reviews 27 (3-4): 365-390 Reeves, J.M., Barrows, T.T., Cohen, T.J., Kiem, A.S., Bostock, H.C., Fitzsimmons, K.E., Jansen, J.D., Kemp, J., Krause, C., Petherick, L. and Phipps, S.J., Climate variability over the last 35,000 years recorded in marine and terrestrial archives in the Australian region: an OZ-INTIMATE compilation. Quaternary Science Reviews 74: 21-34 Shulmeister, J, Thackray, G.D., Rieser, U, Hyatt, O.M, Rother, H., C.C. Smart, and D.J.A. Evans 2010. The stratigraphy, timing and climatic implications of glacilacustrine deposits

  20. A genomics investigation of partitioning into and among flavonoid-derived condensed tannins for carbon sequestration in Populus

    SciTech Connect

    Harding, Scott, A; Tsai, Chung-jui; Lindroth, Richard, L

    2013-03-24

    , Canada Work on the design of some of the constructs for the CT transgenics work has been published: Luo K, Harding SA, Tsai C-J (2008) A modified T-vector for simplified assembly of hairpin RNAi constructs. Biotechnology Letters 30: 1271-1274. DOE support from this project was also acknowledged in a book chapter: Douglas CJ, Ehlting J, Harding SA (2009) Phenylpropanoid and Phenolic Metabolism in Populus: Gene Family Structure and Comparative and Functional Genomics In Joshi, C.P., and S.P. DiFazio (eds). Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Crop Plants: Poplar. Science Publishers, Enfield, New Hampshire. Pp. 304-326 Other work directly related to and supported in part by this project include: Qin H, Feng T, Harding SA, Tsai C-J, Zhang S (2008) An efficient method to identify differentially expressed genes in microarray experiments. Bioinformatics 24: 1583-1589. Tsai C-J, Ranjan P, DiFazio SP, Tuskan GA, Johnson V (2011) Poplar genome microarrays. In: Joshi CP, DiFazio SP and Kole C (eds), Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Poplars. Science Publishers, Enfield, NH. pp. 112-127. Street N, Tsai C-J (2010) Populus resources and bioinformatics. In: Jansson S, Bhalerao R, and Groover AT (eds), Genetics and Genomics of Populus. Plant Genetics and Genomics: Crops and Models book series. Springer, New York, pp. 135-152.