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1

Social Gerontology--Integrative and Territorial Aspects: A Citation Analysis of Subject Scatter and Database Coverage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine the mix of resources used in social gerontology research, a citation analysis was conducted. A representative sample of citations was selected from three prominent gerontology journals and information was added to determine subject scatter and database coverage for the cited materials. Results indicate that a significant portion of…

Lasda Bergman, Elaine M.

2011-01-01

2

Evaluation of Database Coverage: A Comparison of Two Methodologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes experiment which compared two techniques used for evaluating and comparing database coverage of a subject area, e.g., "bibliography" and "subject profile." Differences in time, cost, and results achieved are compared by applying techniques to field of volcanology using two databases, Geological Reference File and GeoArchive. Twenty…

Tenopir, Carol

1982-01-01

3

Estimating Haplotype Frequency and Coverage of Databases  

PubMed Central

A variety of forensic, population, and disease studies are based on haploid DNA (e.g. mitochondrial DNA or Y-chromosome data). For any set of genetic markers databases of conventional size will normally contain only a fraction of all haplotypes. For several applications, reliable estimates of haplotype frequencies, the total number of haplotypes and coverage of the database (the probability that the next random haplotype is contained in the database) will be useful. We propose different approaches to the problem based on classical methods as well as new applications of Principal Component Analysis (PCA). We also discuss previous proposals based on saturation curves. Several conclusions can be inferred from simulated and real data. First, classical estimates of the fraction of unseen haplotypes can be seriously biased. Second, there is no obvious way to decide on required sample size based on traditional approaches. Methods based on testing of hypotheses or length of confidence intervals may appear artificial since no single test or parameter stands out as particularly relevant. Rather the coverage may be more relevant since it indicates the percentage of different haplotypes that are contained in a database; if the coverage is low, there is a considerable chance that the next haplotype to be observed does not appear in the database and this indicates that the database needs to be expanded. Finally, freeware and example data sets accompany the methods discussed in this paper: http://folk.uio.no/thoree/nhap/.

Egeland, Thore; Salas, Antonio

2008-01-01

4

Database Overlap vs. Complementary Coverage in Forestry and Forest Products: Factors in Database Acquisition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines (1) subject content, (2) file size, (3) types of documents indexed, (4) range of years spanned, and (5) level of indexing and abstracting in five databases which collectively provide extensive coverage of the forestry and forest products industries: AGRICOLA, CAB ABSTRACTS, FOREST PRODUCTS (AIDS), PAPERCHEM, and PIRA. The…

Hoover, Ryan E.

5

Evaluating Title Coverage of Full-text Periodical Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a methodology for evaluating title coverage of full-text periodical databases in relation to a library's print journal collection. Presents a pretest of that methodology along with a discussion of collection development principles for an effective evaluation of full-text databases. (Author)

Brier, David J.; Lebbin, Vickery Kaye

1999-01-01

6

NASA STI Database, Aerospace Database and ARIN coverage of 'space law'  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The space-law coverage provided by the NASA STI Database, the Aerospace Database, and ARIN is briefly described. Particular attention is given to the space law content of the two Databases and of ARIN, the NASA Thesauras space law terminology, space law publication forms, and the availability of the space law literature.

Buchan, Ronald L.

1992-01-01

7

Expansion of coverage of Carbohydrate Structure Database (CSDB).  

PubMed

The Bacterial Carbohydrate Structure Database (BCSDB), which has been maintained since 2005, was expanded to cover glycans from plants and fungi. The current coverage on plant and fungal glycans includes several thousands of the CarbBank records, as well as data published before 1996 but not deposited in CarbBank. Prior to deposition, the data were verified against the original publications and supplemented with additional information, such as NMR spectra. Both the Bacterial and Plant and Fungal Carbohydrate Structure Databases are freely available at http://csdb.glycoscience.ru. PMID:24680503

Egorova, K S; Toukach, P V

2014-05-01

8

Subject Specific Databases: A Powerful Research Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Subject specific databases, or vortals (vertical portals), are databases that provide highly detailed research information on a particular topic. They are the smallest, most focused search tools on the Internet and, in recent years, they've been on the rise. Currently, more of the so-called "mainstream" search engines, subject directories, and…

Young, Terrence E., Jr.

2004-01-01

9

NASA aerospace database subject scope: An overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Outlined here is the subject scope of the NASA Aerospace Database, a publicly available subset of the NASA Scientific and Technical (STI) Database. Topics of interest to NASA are outlined and placed within the framework of the following broad aerospace subject categories: aeronautics, astronautics, chemistry and materials, engineering, geosciences, life sciences, mathematical and computer sciences, physics, social sciences, space sciences, and general. A brief discussion of the subject scope is given for each broad area, followed by a similar explanation of each of the narrower subject fields that follow. The subject category code is listed for each entry.

1993-01-01

10

Increased coverage of protein families with the Blocks Database servers  

PubMed Central

The Blocks Database WWW (http://blocks.fhcrc.org ) and Email (blocks@blocks.fhcrc.org ) servers provide tools to search DNA and protein queries against the Blocks+ Database of multiple alignments, which represent conserved protein regions. Blocks+ nearly doubles the number of protein families included in the database by adding families from the Pfam-A, ProDom and Domo databases to those from PROSITE and PRINTS. Other new features include improved Block Searcher statistics, searching with NCBI’s IMPALA program and 3D display of blocks on PDB structures.

Henikoff, Jorja G.; Greene, Elizabeth A.; Pietrokovski, Shmuel; Henikoff, Steven

2000-01-01

11

Four Current Awareness Databases: Coverage and Currency Compared.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the usability and content of the following table of contents (TOC) databases selected by science and engineering librarians at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities: Current Contents on Diskette (CCoD), CARL Uncover2, Inside Information, and Contents1st. (AEF)

Jaguszewski, Janice M.; Kempf, Jody L.

1995-01-01

12

29 CFR 783.22 - Pay standards for employees subject to âoldâ coverage of the Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Provisions § 783.22 Pay standards for employees subject to âoldâ coverage of the Act. The 1961 amendments did not...in the Act prior to the 1961 amendments is subject to the âoldâ provisions of the law and entitled to a minimum wage of...

2013-07-01

13

The Metadata Coverage Index (MCI): A standardized metric for quantifying database metadata richness  

PubMed Central

Variability in the extent of the descriptions of data (‘metadata’) held in public repositories forces users to assess the quality of records individually, which rapidly becomes impractical. The scoring of records on the richness of their description provides a simple, objective proxy measure for quality that enables filtering that supports downstream analysis. Pivotally, such descriptions should spur on improvements. Here, we introduce such a measure - the ‘Metadata Coverage Index’ (MCI): the percentage of available fields actually filled in a record or description. MCI scores can be calculated across a database, for individual records or for their component parts (e.g., fields of interest). There are many potential uses for this simple metric: for example; to filter, rank or search for records; to assess the metadata availability of an ad hoc collection; to determine the frequency with which fields in a particular record type are filled, especially with respect to standards compliance; to assess the utility of specific tools and resources, and of data capture practice more generally; to prioritize records for further curation; to serve as performance metrics of funded projects; or to quantify the value added by curation. Here we demonstrate the utility of MCI scores using metadata from the Genomes Online Database (GOLD), including records compliant with the ‘Minimum Information about a Genome Sequence’ (MIGS) standard developed by the Genomic Standards Consortium. We discuss challenges and address the further application of MCI scores; to show improvements in annotation quality over time, to inform the work of standards bodies and repository providers on the usability and popularity of their products, and to assess and credit the work of curators. Such an index provides a step towards putting metadata capture practices and in the future, standards compliance, into a quantitative and objective framework.

Liolios, Konstantinos; Schriml, Lynn; Hirschman, Lynette; Pagani, Ioanna; Nosrat, Bahador; Sterk, Peter; White, Owen; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Sansone, Susanna-Assunta; Taylor, Chris; Kyrpides, Nikos C.; Field, Dawn

2012-01-01

14

The Metadata Coverage Index (MCI): A standardized metric for quantifying database metadata richness.  

PubMed

Variability in the extent of the descriptions of data ('metadata') held in public repositories forces users to assess the quality of records individually, which rapidly becomes impractical. The scoring of records on the richness of their description provides a simple, objective proxy measure for quality that enables filtering that supports downstream analysis. Pivotally, such descriptions should spur on improvements. Here, we introduce such a measure - the 'Metadata Coverage Index' (MCI): the percentage of available fields actually filled in a record or description. MCI scores can be calculated across a database, for individual records or for their component parts (e.g., fields of interest). There are many potential uses for this simple metric: for example; to filter, rank or search for records; to assess the metadata availability of an ad hoc collection; to determine the frequency with which fields in a particular record type are filled, especially with respect to standards compliance; to assess the utility of specific tools and resources, and of data capture practice more generally; to prioritize records for further curation; to serve as performance metrics of funded projects; or to quantify the value added by curation. Here we demonstrate the utility of MCI scores using metadata from the Genomes Online Database (GOLD), including records compliant with the 'Minimum Information about a Genome Sequence' (MIGS) standard developed by the Genomic Standards Consortium. We discuss challenges and address the further application of MCI scores; to show improvements in annotation quality over time, to inform the work of standards bodies and repository providers on the usability and popularity of their products, and to assess and credit the work of curators. Such an index provides a step towards putting metadata capture practices and in the future, standards compliance, into a quantitative and objective framework. PMID:23409217

Liolios, Konstantinos; Schriml, Lynn; Hirschman, Lynette; Pagani, Ioanna; Nosrat, Bahador; Sterk, Peter; White, Owen; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Sansone, Susanna-Assunta; Taylor, Chris; Kyrpides, Nikos C; Field, Dawn

2012-07-30

15

A Hypertext-Based Thesaurus as a Subject Browsing Aid for Bibliographic Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A hypertext-based thesaurus is proposed as a navigational aid to the subject domain of a bibliographic database. Implementation of a hypertext version of the "Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors" with database linking strategies is discussed. (44 references) (EA)

Pollard, Richard

1993-01-01

16

TaxMan: a server to trim rRNA reference databases and inspect taxonomic coverage.  

PubMed

Amplicon sequencing of the hypervariable regions of the small subunit ribosomal RNA gene is a widely accepted method for identifying the members of complex bacterial communities. Several rRNA gene sequence reference databases can be used to assign taxonomic names to the sequencing reads using BLAST, USEARCH, GAST or the RDP classifier. Next-generation sequencing methods produce ample reads, but they are short, currently ?100-450?nt (depending on the technology), as compared to the full rRNA gene of ?1550 nt. It is important, therefore, to select the right rRNA gene region for sequencing. The primers should amplify the species of interest and the hypervariable regions should differentiate their taxonomy. Here, we introduce TaxMan: a web-based tool that trims reference sequences based on user-selected primer pairs and returns an assessment of the primer specificity by taxa. It allows interactive plotting of taxa, both amplified and missed in silico by the primers used. Additionally, using the trimmed sequences improves the speed of sequence matching algorithms. The smaller database greatly improves run times (up to 98%) and memory usage, not only of similarity searching (BLAST), but also of chimera checking (UCHIME) and of clustering the reads (UCLUST). TaxMan is available at http://www.ibi.vu.nl/programs/taxmanwww/. PMID:22618877

Brandt, Bernd W; Bonder, Marc J; Huse, Susan M; Zaura, Egija

2012-07-01

17

Coverage of recommended vaccinations in subjects with diabetes mellitus and ischemic heart disease: results for women and men.  

PubMed

Vaccination is an important public health strategy to prevent adverse health outcomes in the general population and in subjects with chronic diseases. It was the aim of this study to compare data on coverage of recommended vaccinations in men and women with diabetes mellitus and after myocardial infarction (MI) and to analyse trends in three different interview surveys: 1991, 1999 and 2006-07. The data show a rise in influenza vaccination coverage rate in men and women in the general population and in high-risk groups. However, coverage rates in all analysed groups were still strikingly low. Although in soft reported earlier surveys women were vaccinated more often than men, there was a reverse trend observed in the most recent survey. In the survey of 2006-07, men with diabetes or after MI had a higher chance of being vaccinated against influenza when compared to men without these diseases (age adjusted OR: 1.61; 95% CI: 1.29-1.99 and 1.61; 95% CI: 1.21-2.15, respectively). This was, however, not the case in women (OR: 1.10; 95% CI: 0.89-1.35 and 0.87; 95% CI: 0.58-1.33, respectively). Neither men nor women with diabetes mellitus or MI had a significantly higher chance of having pneumococcal vaccination when compared to subjects without these diseases. The observed sex-specific differences demand more research regarding the underlying causes. Strategies to reach higher vaccination coverage in men and women are needed. PMID:21253812

Dorner, Thomas Ernst; Ràsky, Eva; Stein, Katharina Viktoria; Stronegger, Willibald Julius; Kautzky-Willer, Alexandra; Rieder, Anita

2011-03-01

18

EuroPineDB: a high-coverage web database for maritime pine transcriptome  

PubMed Central

Background Pinus pinaster is an economically and ecologically important species that is becoming a woody gymnosperm model. Its enormous genome size makes whole-genome sequencing approaches are hard to apply. Therefore, the expressed portion of the genome has to be characterised and the results and annotations have to be stored in dedicated databases. Description EuroPineDB is the largest sequence collection available for a single pine species, Pinus pinaster (maritime pine), since it comprises 951 641 raw sequence reads obtained from non-normalised cDNA libraries and high-throughput sequencing from adult (xylem, phloem, roots, stem, needles, cones, strobili) and embryonic (germinated embryos, buds, callus) maritime pine tissues. Using open-source tools, sequences were optimally pre-processed, assembled, and extensively annotated (GO, EC and KEGG terms, descriptions, SNPs, SSRs, ORFs and InterPro codes). As a result, a 10.5× P. pinaster genome was covered and assembled in 55 322 UniGenes. A total of 32 919 (59.5%) of P. pinaster UniGenes were annotated with at least one description, revealing at least 18 466 different genes. The complete database, which is designed to be scalable, maintainable, and expandable, is freely available at: http://www.scbi.uma.es/pindb/. It can be retrieved by gene libraries, pine species, annotations, UniGenes and microarrays (i.e., the sequences are distributed in two-colour microarrays; this is the only conifer database that provides this information) and will be periodically updated. Small assemblies can be viewed using a dedicated visualisation tool that connects them with SNPs. Any sequence or annotation set shown on-screen can be downloaded. Retrieval mechanisms for sequences and gene annotations are provided. Conclusions The EuroPineDB with its integrated information can be used to reveal new knowledge, offers an easy-to-use collection of information to directly support experimental work (including microarray hybridisation), and provides deeper knowledge on the maritime pine transcriptome.

2011-01-01

19

Comparative effectiveness research designs: an analysis of terms and coverage in Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and Emtree*†  

PubMed Central

Objectives: We analyzed the extent to which comparative effectiveness research (CER) organizations share terms for designs, analyzed coverage of CER designs in Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and Emtree, and explored whether scientists use CER design terms. Methods: We developed local terminologies (LTs) and a CER design terminology by extracting terms in documents from five organizations. We defined coverage as the distribution over match type in MeSH and Emtree. We created a crosswalk by recording terms to which design terms mapped in both controlled vocabularies. We analyzed the hits for queries restricted to titles and abstracts to explore scientists' language. Results: Pairwise LT overlap ranged from 22.64% (12/53) to 75.61% (31/41). The CER design terminology (n?=?78 terms) consisted of terms for primary study designs and a few terms useful for evaluating evidence, such as opinion paper and systematic review. Patterns of coverage were similar in MeSH and Emtree (gamma?=?0.581, P?=?0.002). Conclusions: Stakeholder terminologies vary, and terms are inconsistently covered in MeSH and Emtree. The CER design terminology and crosswalk may be useful for expert searchers. For partially mapped terms, queries could consist of free text for modifiers such as nonrandomized or interrupted added to broad or related controlled terms.

Bekhuis, Tanja; Demner-Fushman, Dina; Crowley, Rebecca S.

2013-01-01

20

Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (NHRIM) System: Databases of Federally Supported Human Nutrition Research Projects (FY88-FY91) (Date of Coverage: FY88-FY91).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (HNRIM) data base provides information on human nutrition research and research training activities supported in whole or in part by the Federal government. Subject coverage includes sponsoring organ...

1991-01-01

21

SIMAP--the database of all-against-all protein sequence similarities and annotations with new interfaces and increased coverage.  

PubMed

The Similarity Matrix of Proteins (SIMAP, http://mips.gsf.de/simap/) database has been designed to massively accelerate computationally expensive protein sequence analysis tasks in bioinformatics. It provides pre-calculated sequence similarities interconnecting the entire known protein sequence universe, complemented by pre-calculated protein features and domains, similarity clusters and functional annotations. SIMAP covers all major public protein databases as well as many consistently re-annotated metagenomes from different repositories. As of September 2013, SIMAP contains >163 million proteins corresponding to ?70 million non-redundant sequences. SIMAP uses the sensitive FASTA search heuristics, the Smith-Waterman alignment algorithm, the InterPro database of protein domain models and the BLAST2GO functional annotation algorithm. SIMAP assists biologists by facilitating the interactive exploration of the protein sequence universe. Web-Service and DAS interfaces allow connecting SIMAP with any other bioinformatic tool and resource. All-against-all protein sequence similarity matrices of project-specific protein collections are generated on request. Recent improvements allow SIMAP to cover the rapidly growing sequenced protein sequence universe. New Web-Service interfaces enhance the connectivity of SIMAP. Novel tools for interactive extraction of protein similarity networks have been added. Open access to SIMAP is provided through the web portal; the portal also contains instructions and links for software access and flat file downloads. PMID:24165881

Arnold, Roland; Goldenberg, Florian; Mewes, Hans-Werner; Rattei, Thomas

2014-01-01

22

U.S. Department of Energy Human Subjects Research Database (HSRD) A model for internal oversight and external transparency  

SciTech Connect

This poster introduces the Department of Energy (DOE) Human Subjects Research Database (HSRD), which contains information on all Department of Energy research projects involving human subjects that: are funded by DOE; are conducted in DOE facilities; are performed by DOE personnel; include current or former DOE or contract personnel.

Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE)

2012-12-12

23

Deep sequencing for de novo construction of a marine fish (Sparus aurata) transcriptome database with a large coverage of protein-coding transcripts  

PubMed Central

Background The gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) is the main fish species cultured in the Mediterranean area and constitutes an interesting model of research. Nevertheless, transcriptomic and genomic data are still scarce for this highly valuable species. A transcriptome database was constructed by de novo assembly of gilthead sea bream sequences derived from public repositories of mRNA and collections of expressed sequence tags together with new high-quality reads from five cDNA 454 normalized libraries of skeletal muscle (1), intestine (1), head kidney (2) and blood (1). Results Sequencing of the new 454 normalized libraries produced 2,945,914 high-quality reads and the de novo global assembly yielded 125,263 unique sequences with an average length of 727 nt. Blast analysis directed to protein and nucleotide databases annotated 63,880 sequences encoding for 21,384 gene descriptions, that were curated for redundancies and frameshifting at the homopolymer regions of open reading frames, and hosted at http://www.nutrigroup-iats.org/seabreamdb. Among the annotated gene descriptions, 16,177 were mapped in the Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) database, and 10,899 were eligible for functional analysis with a representation in 341 out of 372 IPA canonical pathways. The high representation of randomly selected stickleback transcripts by Blast search in the nucleotide gilthead sea bream database evidenced its high coverage of protein-coding transcripts. Conclusions The newly assembled gilthead sea bream transcriptome represents a progress in genomic resources for this species, as it probably contains more than 75% of actively transcribed genes, constituting a valuable tool to assist studies on functional genomics and future genome projects.

2013-01-01

24

The Northern Circumpolar Soil Carbon Database: spatially distributed datasets of soil coverage and soil carbon storage in the northern permafrost regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-latitude terrestrial ecosystems are key components in the global carbon (C) cycle. Estimates of global soil organic carbon (SOC), however, do not include updated estimates of SOC storage in permafrost-affected soils or representation of the unique pedogenic processes that affect these soils. The Northern Circumpolar Soil Carbon Database (NCSCD) was developed to quantify the SOC stocks in the circumpolar permafrost region (18.7 × 106 km2). The NCSCD is a polygon-based digital database compiled from harmonized regional soil classification maps in which data on soil order coverage have been linked to pedon data (n = 1778) from the northern permafrost regions to calculate SOC content and mass. In addition, new gridded datasets at different spatial resolutions have been generated to facilitate research applications using the NCSCD (standard raster formats for use in geographic information systems and Network Common Data Form files common for applications in numerical models). This paper describes the compilation of the NCSCD spatial framework, the soil sampling and soil analytical procedures used to derive SOC content in pedons from North America and Eurasia and the formatting of the digital files that are available online. The potential applications and limitations of the NCSCD in spatial analyses are also discussed. The database has the doi:10.5879/ecds/00000001. An open access data portal with all the described GIS-datasets is available online at: http://www.bbcc.su.se/data/ncscd/.

Hugelius, G.; Tarnocai, C.; Broll, G.; Canadell, J. G.; Kuhry, P.; Swanson, D. K.

2013-01-01

25

Childhood immunization rates in rural Intibuc?, Honduras: an analysis of a local database tool and community health center records for assessing and improving vaccine coverage  

PubMed Central

Background Vaccines are highly effective at preventing infectious diseases in children, and prevention is especially important in resource-limited countries where treatment is difficult to access. In Honduras, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports very high immunization rates in children. To determine whether or not these estimates accurately depict the immunization coverage in non-urban regions of the country, we compared the WHO data to immunization rates obtained from a local database tool and community health center records in rural Intibucá, Honduras. Methods We used data from two sources to comprehensively evaluate immunization rates in the area: 1) census data from a local database and 2) immunization data collected at health centers. We compared these rates using logistic regression, and we compared them to publicly available WHO-reported estimates using confidence interval inclusion. Results We found that mean immunization rates for each vaccine were high (range 84.4 to 98.8 percent), but rates recorded at the health centers were significantly higher than those reported from the census data (p?0.001). Combining the results from both databases, the mean rates of four out of five vaccines were less than WHO-reported rates (p <0.05). Overall immunization rates were significantly different between townships (p=0.03). The rates by individual vaccine were similar across townships (p >0.05), except for diphtheria/tetanus/pertussis vaccine (p=0.02) and oral polio vaccine (p <0.01). Conclusions Immunization rates in Honduras were high across data sources, though most of the rates recorded in rural Honduras were less than WHO-reported rates. Despite geographical difficulties and barriers to access, the local database and Honduran community health workers have developed a thorough system for ensuring that children receive their immunizations on time. The successful integration of community health workers and a database within the Honduran decentralized health system may serve as a model for other immunization programs in resource-limited countries where health care is less accessible.

2012-01-01

26

Non-Agricultural Databases and Thesauri: Retrieval of Subject Headings and Non-Controlled Terms in Relation to Agriculture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper aims to assess the utility of non-agriculture-specific information systems, databases, and respective controlled vocabularies (thesauri) in organising and retrieving agricultural information. The purpose is to identify thesaurus-linked tree structures, controlled subject headings/terms (heading words, descriptors), and principal…

Bartol, Tomaz

2012-01-01

27

The Database Dilemma: Online Search Strategies in Nursing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that compared the coverage of the nursing profession, subject heading specificity, and ease of retrieval of the MEDLINE and Nursing & Allied Health (CINAHL) online databases. The strengths and weaknesses of each database are discussed and hints for searching on both databases are provided. (four references) (CLB)

Fried, Ava K.; And Others

1989-01-01

28

The Status of Statewide Subscription Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative content analysis presents subscription databases available to school libraries through statewide purchases. The results may help school librarians evaluate grade and subject-area coverage, make comparisons to recommended databases, and note potential suggestions for their states to include in future contracts or for local…

Krueger, Karla S.

2012-01-01

29

Overlap in Bibliographic Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the topic of Fuzzy Set Theory to determine the overlap of coverage in bibliographic databases. Highlights include examples of comparisons of database coverage; frequency distribution of the degree of overlap; records with maximum overlap; records unique to one database; intra-database duplicates; and overlap in the top ten databases.…

Hood, William W.; Wilson, Concepcion S.

2003-01-01

30

Normal Brain Aging and its Risk Factors — Analysis of Brain Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI) Database of Healthy Japanese Subjects  

Microsoft Academic Search

We collected brain MRI of 2,000 healthy Japanese subjects and constructed an MRI database together with their characteristics\\u000a such as age, sex, present and past disease history and cognitive functions. Volumetric analysis of the brain revealed that\\u000a gray matter volume linearly decreased with time, while white matter volume remained relatively unchanged during aging. We\\u000a defined a standard brain for each

H. Fukuda; Y. Taki; K. Sato; S. Kinomura; R. Goteau; R. Kawashima

31

The Subject-Object Relationship Interface Model in Database Management Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a model that displays structures necessary to map between the conceptual and external levels in database management systems, using an algorithm that maps the syntactic representations of tuples onto semantic representations. A technique for translating tuples into natural language sentences is introduced, and a system implemented in…

Yannakoudakis, Emmanuel J.; Attar-Bashi, Hussain A.

1989-01-01

32

Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (HNRIM) System: Database Layout of Files Supplied to NTIS.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (HNRIM) database provides information on human nutrition research and research training activities supported in whole or in part by the Federal Government. Subject coverage includes: Sponsoring Organ...

1993-01-01

33

78 FR 54986 - Information Reporting of Minimum Essential Coverage  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Reporting of Minimum Essential Coverage AGENCY: Internal...guidance to providers of minimum essential health coverage that are subject...Chief Counsel (Income Tax and Accounting). However, other personnel...Information reporting for minimum essential coverage. (a)...

2013-09-09

34

Evaluate and Improve GUI Testing Coverage Automatically  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluating coverage criteria is a core subject in software testing. Coverage can be evaluated based on several concerns such as: code, requirements, syntax, paths, decisions, graph, etc. The focus of this research is in evaluating the Graphical User Interface (GUI) testing coverage. In this research, several GUI model based methods are proposed and evaluated for the goal of auto- matically

Izzat Alsmadi; Samer Samarah; Ahmed Soefan

2011-01-01

35

Teradata University Network: A No Cost Web-Portal for Teaching Database, Data Warehousing, and Data-Related Subjects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the value that information systems faculty and students in classes dealing with database management, data warehousing, decision support systems, and related topics, could derive from the use of the Teradata University Network (TUN), a free comprehensive web-portal. A detailed overview of TUN functionalities and content is…

Jukic, Nenad; Gray, Paul

2008-01-01

36

Sampling from Spatial Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Techniques for obtaining random point samples from spatial databases are described. Random points are sought from a continuous domain that satisfy a spatial predicate which is represented in the database as a collection of polygons. Several applications of spatial sampling are described. Sampling problems are characterized in terms of two key parameters: coverage (selectivity), and expected stabbing number (overlap). Two

Frank Olken; Doron Rotem

1993-01-01

37

Generating program inputs for database application testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Testing is essential for quality assurance of database applications. Achieving high code coverage of the database application is important in testing. In practice, there may exist a copy of live databases that can be used for database application testing. Using an existing database state is desirable since it tends to be representative of real-world objects' characteristics, helping detect faults that

Kai Pan; Xintao Wu; Tao Xie

2011-01-01

38

Constellation Coverage Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design of satellite constellations requires an understanding of the dynamic global coverage provided by the constellations. Even for a small constellation with a simple circular orbit propagator, the combinatorial nature of the analysis frequently renders the problem intractable. Particularly for the initial design phase where the orbital parameters are still fluid and undetermined, the coverage information is crucial to evaluate the performance of the constellation design. We have developed a fast and simple algorithm for determining the global constellation coverage dynamically using image processing techniques. This approach provides a fast, powerful and simple method for the analysis of global constellation coverage.

Lo, Martin W. (Compiler)

1997-01-01

39

40 CFR 725.8 - Coverage of this part.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS General Provisions and Applicability...8 Coverage of this part. (a) Microorganisms subject to this part. Only microorganisms which are manufactured,...

2013-07-01

40

29 CFR 2590.701-5 - Evidence of creditable coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...issuers not subject to Part 7 of Subtitle...coverage with respect to creditable coverage...coverage under a State health benefits...section 5(e) of the Peace Corps Act), see...connection with a group health plan...require a certificate to be provided...

2013-07-01

41

Annual Review of Database Development: 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews recent trends in databases and online systems. Topics discussed include new access points for established databases; acquisitions, consolidations, and competition between vendors; European coverage; international services; online reference materials, including telephone directories; political and legal materials and public records;…

Basch, Reva

1992-01-01

42

Use and misuse of statins after ACS: analysis of a prescription database of a community setting of 2,042,968 subjects.  

PubMed

AIMS: To assess in a community setting how patients discharged alive after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are treated with statins. Specifically, the rate of prescription, the dosages, and 1-year adherence have been evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: From the ARNO Observatory, we carried out a record linkage analysis of discharge records for ACS and prescription databases, which included 2,042,968 subjects of seven local health authorities from northern to southern Italy. The accrual period lasted from 1 January to 30 June 2007. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the independent predictors of prescription continuity. Of the 2,042,968 subjects, 1.5‰ were hospitalised for ACS over the 6 months, 58% of patients were aged more than 70 years, and females accounted for 33% of the cases. In-hospital all-cause death was 7.4%. Of the patients discharged alive, 80.7% received a statin treatment. High dosage of statins were used only in a minority of cases. After 1-year follow up, adherence to treatment was observed in 67.2% of patients. Older age and the presence of comorbidities were independently associated with a better prescription continuity, while presence of cancer or depression was associated with a poor prescription continuity. CONCLUSION: In a community setting, the rate of prescription of statins seems to be satisfactory. However, the dosages of statins suggest that the recommendation to use intensive statin treatment seems to be not adequately followed. Further, prescription continuity over time was suboptimal. There is still a relevant gap between evidence-based recommendations and what actually happens in routine clinical practice. PMID:23539716

Maggioni, Aldo P; Rossi, Elisa; Cinconze, Elisa; De Rosa, Marisa

2013-03-28

43

The DARE Database: UNESCO  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The DARE Database, maintained by UNESCO, includes an international directory of over 11,000 references to social science research and training institutes, social science specialists, social science documentation and information services, and social science periodicals. The directory also provides listings of peace, human rights, and international law institutions. Users may search the directory database by type of institution, country name, personal name, geographical coverage, periodical title, language of periodical, ISSN, or keyword.

44

Dynamic Sensor Coverage.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

CONCLUSIONS: * What's new. A framework for the Dynamic Coverage problem. * Insightful: Results are intuitive and provide deeper insight. * Experiments: Infrastructure exists. * Scalability: the approach can be easily extended to multiple sensors and syste...

D. Jeffcoat A. Tiwari M. Jun R. Murray

2005-01-01

45

A seriate coverage filtration approach for homology search  

Microsoft Academic Search

The homology search within genomic databases is a fundamental and crucial work in biological knowledge discovery. With exponentially increasing size and access of databases, the issues of efficient retrieval become more essential in bioinformatics. Due to the varieties of biological data, similar sequences are not only under some error tolerance, but are also above some seriate coverage level. In this

Hsiao Ping Lee; Yin-Te Tsai; Chuan Yi Tang

2004-01-01

46

Coverage and Preventive Screening  

PubMed Central

Context Preventive care has been shown as a high-value health care service. Many employers now offer expanded coverage of preventive care to encourage utilization. Objective To determine whether expanding coverage is an effective means to encourage utilization. Design Comparison of screening rates before and after introduction of deductible-free coverage. Setting People insured through large corporations between 2002 and 2006. Patients or Other Participants Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) enrollees from an employer introducing deductible-free coverage, and a control group enrolled in a PPO from a second employer with no policy change. Main Outcome Measures Adjusted probability of endoscopy, fecal occult blood test (FOBT), lipid screens, mammography, and Papanicolaou (pap) smears. Intervention Introduction of first-dollar coverage (FDC) of preventive services in 2003. Results After adjusting for demographics and secular trends, there were between 23 and 78 additional uses per 1,000 eligible patients of covered preventive screens (lipid screens, pap smears, mammograms, and FOBT), with no significant changes in the control group or in a service without FDC (endoscopy). Conclusions FDC improves utilization modestly among healthy individuals, particularly those in lower deductible plans. Compliance with guidelines can be encouraged by lowering out-of-pocket costs, but patients' predisposing characteristics merit attention.

Meeker, Daniella; Joyce, Geoffrey F; Malkin, Jesse; Teutsch, Steven M; Haddix, Anne C; Goldman, Dana P

2011-01-01

47

Subject and authorship of records related to the Organization for Tropical Studies (OTS) in BINABITROP, a comprehensive database about Costa Rican biology.  

PubMed

BINABITROP is a bibliographical database of more than 38000 records about the ecosystems and organisms of Costa Rica. In contrast with commercial databases, such as Web of Knowledge and Scopus, which exclude most of the scientific journals published in tropical countries, BINABITROP is a comprehensive record of knowledge on the tropical ecosystems and organisms of Costa Rica. We analyzed its contents in three sites (La Selva, Palo Verde and Las Cruces) and recorded scientific field, taxonomic group and authorship. We found that most records dealt with ecology and systematics, and that most authors published only one article in the study period (1963-2011). Most research was published in four journals: Biotropica, Revista de Biología Tropical/ International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation, Zootaxa and Brenesia. This may be the first study of a such a comprehensive database for any case of tropical biology literature. PMID:23885568

Monge-Nájera, Julián; Nielsen-Muñoz, Vanessa; Azofeifa-Mora, Ana Beatriz

2013-06-01

48

Estimating the coverage of mental health programmes: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background The large treatment gap for people suffering from mental disorders has led to initiatives to scale up mental health services. In order to track progress, estimates of programme coverage, and changes in coverage over time, are needed. Methods Systematic review of mental health programme evaluations that assess coverage, measured either as the proportion of the target population in contact with services (contact coverage) or as the proportion of the target population who receive appropriate and effective care (effective coverage). We performed a search of electronic databases and grey literature up to March 2013 and contacted experts in the field. Methods to estimate the numerator (service utilization) and the denominator (target population) were reviewed to explore methods which could be used in programme evaluations. Results We identified 15 735 unique records of which only seven met the inclusion criteria. All studies reported contact coverage. No study explicitly measured effective coverage, but it was possible to estimate this for one study. In six studies the numerator of coverage, service utilization, was estimated using routine clinical information, whereas one study used a national community survey. The methods for estimating the denominator, the population in need of services, were more varied and included national prevalence surveys case registers, and estimates from the literature. Conclusions Very few coverage estimates are available. Coverage could be estimated at low cost by combining routine programme data with population prevalence estimates from national surveys.

De Silva, Mary J; Lee, Lucy; Fuhr, Daniela C; Rathod, Sujit; Chisholm, Dan; Schellenberg, Joanna; Patel, Vikram

2014-01-01

49

A content analysis of news coverage of skin cancer in China newspapers.  

PubMed

China has the largest population in the world today. Recent epidemiology investigation showed a significant increase in the incidence of skin cancer in China. However, little is known about the content of skin cancer articles in Chinese newspaper coverage. To analyze the skin cancer issues in the newspaper media over an eight-year period from 2000 through 2007 in China, we performed a preliminary search of articles titled by "skin cancer" in Chinese important newspapers database. There were 134 articles about skin cancer in the total 7,643 articles related to cancer in China important newspapers database. The number of reports about skin cancers increased in the main, especially in 2006. The main focus of the articles tended to be about melanoma, accounting for 38.1% of all the articles. The treatment was the overriding subject of the 134 articles, with nearly 41.8%. PMID:21153980

Liu, Yu; Liu, Mingna; Xiao, Hai; Cai, Jianping; Xu, Wanhai

2010-12-01

50

24 CFR 203.16a - Mortgagor and mortgagee requirement for maintaining flood insurance coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...mortgagee requirement for maintaining flood insurance coverage. 203.16a Section...mortgagee requirement for maintaining flood insurance coverage. (a) If the...value of the property and subject to flood damage) that: (1) Are...

2013-04-01

51

Cancer News Coverage and Information Seeking  

PubMed Central

The shift toward viewing patients as active consumers of health information raises questions about whether individuals respond to health news by seeking additional information. This study examines the relationship between cancer news coverage and information seeking using a national survey of adults aged 18 years and older. A Lexis-Nexis database search term was used to identify Associated Press (AP) news articles about cancer released between October 21, 2002, and April 13, 2003. We merged these data to the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS), a telephone survey of 6,369 adults, by date of interview. Logistic regression models assessed the relationship between cancer news coverage and information seeking. Overall, we observed a marginally significant positive relationship between cancer news coverage and information seeking (p < 0.07). Interaction terms revealed that the relationship was apparent only among respondents who paid close attention to health news (p < 0.01) and among those with a family history of cancer (p < 0.05). Results suggest that a notable segment of the population actively responds to periods of elevated cancer news coverage by seeking additional information, but they raise concerns about the potential for widened gaps in cancer knowledge and behavior between large segments of the population in the future.

NIEDERDEPPE, JEFF; FROSCH, DOMINICK L.; HORNIK, ROBERT C.

2010-01-01

52

Chemical Kinetics Database  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 17 NIST Chemical Kinetics Database (Web, free access)   The NIST Chemical Kinetics Database includes essentially all reported kinetics results for thermal gas-phase chemical reactions. The database is designed to be searched for kinetics data based on the specific reactants involved, for reactions resulting in specified products, for all the reactions of a particular species, or for various combinations of these. In addition, the bibliography can be searched by author name or combination of names. The database contains in excess of 38,000 separate reaction records for over 11,700 distinct reactant pairs. These data have been abstracted from over 12,000 papers with literature coverage through early 2000.

53

Google Scholar coverage of a multidisciplinary field  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates the content of Google Scholar and seven other databases (Academic Search Elite, AgeLine, Arti- cleFirst, GEOBASE, POPLINE, Social Sciences Abstracts, and Social Sciences Citation Index) within the multidisciplin- ary subject area of later-life migration. Each database is evaluated with reference to a set of 155 core articles selected in advance—the most important studies of later-life migration published

William H. Walters

2007-01-01

54

Antenna beam coverage concepts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The strawman Personal Access Satellite System (PASS) design calls for the use of a CONUS beam for transmission between the supplier and the satellite and for fixed beams for transmission between the basic personal terminal and the satellite. The satellite uses a 3 m main reflector for transmission at 20 GHz and a 2 m main reflector for reception at 30 GHz. There are several types of spot beams under consideration for the PASS system besides fixed beams. The beam pattern of a CONUS coverage switched beam is shown along with that of a scanning beam. A switched beam refers to one in which the signal from the satellite is connected alternatively to various feed horns. Scanning beams are taken to mean beams whose footprints are moved between contiguous regions in the beam's coverage area. The advantages and disadvantages of switched and/or scanning beams relative to fixed beams. The consequences of using switched/scanning in lieu of fixed beams in the PASS design and attempts are made to evaluate the listed advantages and disadvantages. Two uses of switched/scanning beams are examined. To illustrate the implications of switched beams use on PASS system design, operation at two beam scan rates is explored.

Estabrook, Polly; Motamedi, Masoud

1990-01-01

55

Olympic Information in the SPORT Database.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Profiles the SPORT database, produced by Sport Information Resource Centre, Ottawa, Ontario, which provides extensive coverage of individual sports including practice, training and equipment, recreation, sports medicine, physical education, sport facilities, and international sport history. Olympic coverage in SPORT, sports sciences, online…

Belna, Alison M.; And Others

1984-01-01

56

Mapquest: Worldwide Coverage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To its detailed coverage of the United States, Mapquest has added maps for cities and regions around the world. The interactive atlas can now display international locations on six continents; maps are detailed to the highway and boulevard level. For US addresses, users may search for locations by street address and view a map of the neighborhood. Registration, free of charge, allows the user to return to the Mapquest site with settings intact; settings include which points of interest will be highlighted, how the maps should be displayed, and even which maps will be labeled and stored for future reference. The US-only services on the site include Tripquest, a route planner that covers the US, Canada, and Mexico.

1998-01-01

57

Buffmap Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institut National de Recherche Agronomique (France) provides online databases of genomes for several organisms, including Buffalo. The database is updated as more data become available, and provide records on loci, genes, microsatellites, polymorphisms, probes, enzymes, homologue loci, alleles, primers, references, and links to external databases. Instructions for submitting data to the databases are provided on-site.

58

Coverage Improvements for Enhanced Uplink  

Microsoft Academic Search

In UMTS Enhanced Uplink (EUL), 2 and 10 ms TTIs are supported, which substantially decreases latency and increases data rates compared to DCH. However, due to the shorter TTI compared to DCH, coverage may be an issue in situations where the use of multiple re-transmissions is not feasible. This paper evaluates four possible methods to increase the EUL coverage: Configurable

Jinhua Liu; Johan Bergman; Rui Fan; Rong Hu; Mårten Ericson; Stephen Craig; Nils Brännström

2009-01-01

59

Energy-Efficient Sensing Coverage and Communication for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless sensor networks have a wide range of applications. Sensing coverage and communication coverage are two fundamental\\u000a quality of service. In this paper, we present our work on energy efficient sensing coverage and communication. We design several\\u000a schemes for sensing coverage subject to different requirements and constraints respectively. We also propose a broadcasting\\u000a communication protocol with high energy efficiency and

Xi Chen; Qianchuan Zhao; Xiaohong Guan

2007-01-01

60

WAIS Searching of the Current Contents Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Homer E. Newell Memorial Library of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center is developing capabilities to permit Goddard personnel to access electronic resources of the Library via the Internet. The Library's support services contractor, Maxima Corporation, and their subcontractor, SANAD Support Technologies have recently developed a World Wide Web Home Page (http://www-library.gsfc.nasa.gov) to provide the primary means of access. The first searchable database to be made available through the HomePage to Goddard employees is Current Contents, from the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI). The initial implementation includes coverage of articles from the last few months of 1992 to present. These records are augmented with abstracts and references, and often are more robust than equivalent records in bibliographic databases that currently serve the astronomical community. Maxima/SANAD selected Wais Incorporated's WAIS product with which to build the interface to Current Contents. This system allows access from Macintosh, IBM PC, and Unix hosts, which is an important feature for Goddard's multiplatform environment. The forms interface is structured to allow both fielded (author, article title, journal name, id number, keyword, subject term, and citation) and unfielded WAIS searches. The system allows a user to: Retrieve individual journal article records. Retrieve Table of Contents of specific issues of journals. Connect to articles with similar subject terms or keywords. Connect to other issues of the same journal in the same year. Browse journal issues from an alphabetical list of indexed journal names.

Banholzer, P.; Grabenstein, M. E.

61

FACILITY DATABASE  

Cancer.gov

January 2008 LASP FACILTY Database Form 5.000 Issue Reporting Form This form is used to report data and/or program related issues regarding the FACILITY database, Supplemental, or the LASP Online Access System. Before submitting this form,

62

The Histone Database.  

PubMed

Histone proteins are often noted for their high degree of sequence conservation. It is less often recognized that the histones are a heterogeneous protein family. Furthermore, several classes of non-histone proteins containing the histone fold motif exist. Novel histone and histone fold protein sequences continue to be added to public databases every year. The Histone Database (http://genome.nhgri.nih.gov/histones/) is a searchable, periodically updated collection of histone fold-containing sequences derived from sequence-similarity searches of public databases. Sequence sets are presented in redundant and non-redundant FASTA form, hotlinked to GenBank sequence files. Partial sequences are also now included in the database, which has considerably augmented its taxonomic coverage. Annotated alignments of full-length non-redundant sets of sequences are now available in both web-viewable (HTML) and downloadable (PDF) formats. The database also provides summaries of current information on solved histone fold structures, post-translational modifications of histones, and the human histone gene complement. PMID:11752331

Sullivan, Steven; Sink, Daniel W; Trout, Kenneth L; Makalowska, Izabela; Taylor, Patrick M; Baxevanis, Andreas D; Landsman, David

2002-01-01

63

Medicare Coverage of Ambulance Services  

MedlinePLUS

... 7 Medicare Coverage of Ambulance Services Example: Mr? Smith is a hospital inpatient and needs to travel ... in the hospital where he was admitted? Mr? Smith requires ground ambulance transportation because of his medical ...

64

MAJOR ROADS COVERAGE AND DATASET  

EPA Science Inventory

The Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing (TIGER) system contains digital descriptions of water and transportation features - rivers, lakes, roads, railroads, etc. - as well as major power lines and pipelines. This coverage is a subset of the larger TIGER ...

65

ARS Water Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory of the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) comes the ARS Water Database Web site. The database is a collection of precipitation and streamflow data from small agricultural watersheds in the United States, including variable time-series readings sufficient in detail to reconstruct storm hydrographs and hyetographs. Users can choose from any US state to view available data. Each station is listed along with its location, coverage area in acres, dates of operation, latitude and longitude, and links to its related data. Although data is not available for every station listed, the site can still be a valuable resource for those looking for quick access to hydrological data from around the country.

1969-12-31

66

Surveys for database of space experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For obtaining the basic material to design database of space experiments, Japan Space Utilization Promotion Center has investigated the information sources, the current database services and requirements of users in space science. According to the citation analysis the existing information sources are centralized, and their lifetime is consideraly short. The survey on commercial databases show that Aerospace Database covers almost all of the document information, and JICST File as Japanese-text database has relatively wide coverage. The scope and growth of the conventional database services were estimated. It is concluded that the possible future database will not grow to large scale but have multi-files. Also an attention should be paid to complex data structure instead of data volumes. The report is intended to introduce survey methods for database building.

Takeda, Naomichi; Nakamoto, Hideshiro; Yamaguchi, Saburo

67

IOPI Database of Plant Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI), a Commission of the International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS), manages the Database of Plant Databases (DPD). The DPD is a global list of plant databases including Taxonomic databases ("with systematic information on families or genera, or for Flora projects"); Collection catalogs (usually of herbaria); and DELTA datasets (DELTA is "the Description Language for Taxonomy, a data format for character data, used for identification, key construction and the generation of descriptions."). The DPD may be searched using numerous specified fields, or it may be viewed in its entirety -- by Database Name, Host Name, or Host Country. Though bare bones in appearance, this extensive database contains a gold mine of information, with hundreds of hyperlinks to valuable plant databases.

68

The effect of analyst coverage on accounting conservatism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine whether high analyst coverage increases or decreases accounting conservatism. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Sample firms were selected from the Compustat and I\\/B\\/E\\/S databases for years 1989-2006. The authors used both accrual-based and market-value-based measures of accounting conservatism, also the extent to which negative cash flow from operations is more timely recognized via

Jerry Sun; Guoping Liu

2011-01-01

69

CAL Learning Strategies Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Learning Strategies Database, developed by the Center for Advancement of Learning (CAL) at Muskingum College, organizes information about learning strategies into four major sections: Introduction to the CAL Learning Strategies Database, General-Purpose Learning Strategies, Content-Specific Learning Strategies, and Bibliography of Learning Strategies Resources. Each section is further divided into more specific subsections, creating a hierarchical database structure. For example, the general-purpose section contains sixteen subsections related to general learning, such as Memory, Test Preparation, and Notetaking; whereas, the content-specific section has 27 disciplinary subsections, covering subjects in the natural sciences, social sciences, humanities, and arts. The information in the database allows students of all ages and their instructors to assess current learning styles, and to identify and implement methods for effective education adapted to the learning strengths and weaknesses of individual students.

70

Database Manager  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is normal practice today for organizations to store large quantities of records of related information as computer-based files or databases. Purposeful information is retrieved by performing queries on the data sets. The purpose of DATABASE MANAGER is to communicate to students the method by which the computer performs these queries. This…

Martin, Andrew

2010-01-01

71

Mars Digital Dune Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Currently, there is no comprehensive, global, digital database for dune deposits on Mars. The advent of a series of successful Mars missions, coupled with advances in technology enabling a significant increase in instrument resolution, have provided a large compilation of data covering a wide range of wavelengths for the Martian surface. Given the recent availability of high-resolution data and detailed surficial information returned from orbital and rover missions, it is critical that we update the Mars global information base by creating a digital database of dune deposits that includes this new influx of data. As of spring 2004, the Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) infrared (IR) coverage of the surface of Mars was 98% for nighttime and 75% for daytime acquired images, forming a data set of global coverage at a resolution not previously possible. The combination of high-resolution and global coverage makes the THEMIS IR data set the logical choice for a planet wide inventory of dune deposits. Data sets of a global scale like those of Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) and Thermal Emission Spectrometer (TES) will enable rapid and contiguous comparisons with the dune database. Other imagery like that of Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) will provide very high-resolution, localized visual data for accurate interpretations of morphological characterizations. The dune database will provide researchers with an extensive, comprehensive and stable database for use in a wide-array of global studies. The database will also offer researchers a centralized depository for updating physical parameters with newly validated findings. The initial construction of the database is based upon dune forms or deposits identified, classified and digitized using only THEMIS IR images. These digitized polygons are converted from THEMIS image coordinates to ARCMAP aerographical coordinates, allowing delineation of areal extent of the deposits and preserving relevant THEMIS image information such as Ls, local time, and sun azimuth/angle. The ARCMAP polygons will also retain reference to all THEMIS IR images used in their construction. Where available, THEMIS VIS and/or MOC images will be used to confirm, modify or refine original classifications. In addition to providing an improved resolution for features below the IR image threshold, this secondary examination will also provide a list of cross-referenced THEMIS VIS and MOC images for future investigations. Physical parameters such as wind direction based on slip-face geometry, dune wavelength, elevation, and volume of the deposits will be incorporated into the database on a priority-based schedule. In addition to THEMIS VIS and MOC images, supplemental data sets, such as TES and others, will be used where available to further refine and/or validate existing data on global wind patterns, sediment transport, sources and sinks, and stratigraphic units.

Hayward, R. K.; Titus, T. N.; Mullins, K. F.; Fenton, L. K.; Bourke, M.; Christensen, P. R.

2004-12-01

72

NSFC Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Environmental Services Center (NESC) is based at West Virginia University and "serves as a clearinghouse for information about drinking water, wastewater, environmental training, and solid waste management in communities serving fewer than 10,000 individuals." As part of the NSFC larger Web site, the Databases page offers three online databases that can be accessed free after an initial registration. The Regulations Database contains copies of regulations for onsite wastewater treatment systems in 48 states, the Bibliographic Database stores thousands of articles dealing with onsite and small community wastewater issues, and the Manufacturers and Consultants Database houses a list of industry contacts for wastewater products and consulting services. Much more is available within the larger NSFC site and readers are encouraged to take a look through its contents.

2001-01-01

73

Coverage Provided by the Global Protected-Area System: Is It Enough?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This peer-reviewed resource from Bioscience journal looks at the effects of not establishing new protected areas. Protected-area targets of 10% of a biome, of a country, or of the planet have often been used in conservation planning. The new World Database on Protected Areas shows that terrestrial protected-area coverage now approaches 12% worldwide. Does this mean that the establishment of new protected areas can cease? This was the core question of the "Building Comprehensive Protected Area Systems" stream of the Fifth World Parks Congress in Durban, South Africa, in 2003. To answer it requires global gap analysis, the subject of the special section of BioScience for which this article serves as an introduction. We also provide an overview of the extraordinary data sets now available to allow global gap analysis and, based on these, an assessment of the degree to which existing protected-area systems represent biodiversity. Coverage varies geographically, but is less than 2% for some bioregions, and more than 12% of 11,633 bird, mammal, amphibian, and turtle species are wholly unrepresented. The global protected-area systems are far from complete.

THOMAS M. BROOKS, MOHAMED I. BAKARR, TIM BOUCHER, GUSTAVO A. B. DA FONSECA, CRAIG HILTON-TAYLOR, JONATHAN M. HOEKSTRA, TOM MORITZ, SILVIO OLIVIERI, JEFF PARRISH, ROBERT L. PRESSEY, ANA S. L. RODRIGUES, WES SECHREST, ALI STATTERSFIELD, WENDY STRAHM, and SI (;)

2004-12-01

74

Geothermal resource areas database for monitoring the progress of development in the United States  

SciTech Connect

The Geothermal Resource Areas Database (GRAD) and associated data system provide broad coverage of information on the development of geothermal resources in the United States. The system is designed to serve the information requirements of the National Progress Monitoring System. GRAD covers development from the initial exploratory phase through plant construction and operation. Emphasis is on actual facts or events rather than projections and scenarios. The selection and organization of data are based on a model of geothermal development. Subjects in GRAD include: names and addresses, leases, area descriptions, geothermal wells, power plants, direct use facilities, and environmental and regulatory aspects of development. Data collected in the various subject areas are critically evaluated, and then entered into an on-line interactive computer system. The system is publically available for retrieval and use. The background of the project, conceptual development, software development, and data collection are described here. Appendices describe the structure of the database in detail.

Lawrence, J.D.; Lepman, S.R.; Leung, K.; Phillips, S.L.

1981-01-01

75

The Effect of Palatal Coverage on Taste Perception.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The results of this research lead to the following conclusions for these two subjects when using sodium chloride as a taste stimulus. 1. Palatal coverage has no significant physiologic effect on taste perception. 2. The reproduction of palatal rugae on a ...

W. M. Harrison

1965-01-01

76

50 CFR 665.105 - At-sea observer coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE (CONTINUED) FISHERIES IN THE WESTERN PACIFIC American Samoa Fisheries § 665.105 At-sea observer coverage. All fishing vessels subject to §§ 665.100 through 665.105...

2013-10-01

77

Magazine Coverage of Child Sexual Abuse, 1992-2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes trends in the coverage of child sexual abuse in popular magazines since the early 1990s. The article employs systematic analysis to identify and analyze articles in four popular magazines. Articles are analyzed by subject, length, and publication. The results affirm established theories of newsworthiness related to the…

Cheit, Ross E.; Shavit, Yael; Reiss-Davis, Zachary

2010-01-01

78

Red Scare: An Image Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The William & Anita Newman Library at Baruch College (The City University of New York) has recently added this exhibit to its digital collection. Red Scare is an image database created by Leo Robert Klein, Web Coordinator and Digital Resources Developer for Newman Library. The database contains 137 photographs and political cartoons that illustrate US political history from 1918 to 1920. The images are arranged chronologically and by subject. A list of subject headings are provided.

79

Coverage  

MedlinePLUS

... 4 Next page Last page Accessibly explore the data Percentage of Families with High Out-of-Pocket Medical Expenses Percentage of Families ... 2 Next page Last page Accessibly explore the data Percentage of Medicare Beneficiaries with High Out-of-Pocket Prescription Expenses Percentage of Medicare ...

80

Online Databases. Ingenta Grows in the U.S. Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the growth of the United Kingdom company Ingenta in the United States. Highlights include a new partnership with Gale Group related to their InfoTrac databases; indexing and full text coverage; standards; and other Ingenta acquisitions. (LRW)

Tenopir, Carol

2002-01-01

81

GOBASE: the organelle genome database  

PubMed Central

GOBASE (http://megasun.bch.umontreal.ca/gobase/) is a network-accessible biological database, which is unique in bringing together diverse biological data on organelles with taxonomically broad coverage, and in furnishing data that have been exhaustively verified and completed by experts. So far, we have focused on mitochondrial data: GOBASE contains all published nucleotide and protein sequences encoded by mitochondrial genomes, selected RNA secondary structures of mitochondria-encoded molecules, genetic maps of completely sequenced genomes, taxonomic information for all species whose sequences are present in the database and organismal descriptions of key protistan eukaryotes. All of these data have been integrated and organized in a formal database structure to allow sophisticated biological queries using terms that are inherent in biological concepts. Most importantly, data have been validated, completed, corrected and standardized, a prerequisite of meaningful analysis. In addition, where critical data are lacking, such as genetic maps and RNA secondary structures, they are generated by the GOBASE team and collaborators, and added to the database. The database is implemented in a relational database management system, but features an object-oriented view of the biological data through a Web/Genera-generated World Wide Web interface. Finally, we have developed software for database curation (i.e. data updates, validation and correction), which will be described in some detail in this paper.

Shimko, Nelli; Liu, Lin; Lang, B. Franz; Burger, Gertraud

2001-01-01

82

BIOMARKERS DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

This database was developed by assembling and evaluating the literature relevant to human biomarkers. It catalogues and evaluates the usefulness of biomarkers of exposure, susceptibility and effect which may be relevant for a longitudinal cohort study. In addition to describing ...

83

Ant Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Research entomologist Ted Schultz from the Smithsonian Institution maintains this impressive work in progress. This online database represents the Smithsonian's identified ant collection, including 4,580 valid named species or subspecies. The taxonomy is current with Bolton's 1995 catalog and includes reported holdings through June 1998. The database may be queried by Subfamily, Tribe, Genus, Subgenus, Species, Subspecies, Author, or Types, and typical returns give concise taxonomic information, total specimens (workers, females, and males), author, and year.

Schultz, Ted.

2000-01-01

84

Campaign 2008: Issue Coverage Tracker  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It's already a bit difficult to keep tabs on all of the many presidential candidates for the 2008 race, but the Washington Post has created this very nice issue coverage tracker to help out in this area. Visitors to the site can review press coverage and opinion writing on the various candidates and the major issues here, and they can also add this entire feature to their website or MySpace page, if they are so inclined. The issue tracker draws on a wide set of website sources across the political spectrum, including news services, interest groups, bloggers, unions, and activists. It's a fine resource, and one that could be used to generate discussion in political science and civic courses across American classrooms.

85

Hemispherical coverage antenna for spacecraft  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A hemispherical-coverage antenna for spacecraft is described. The antenna has excellent impedance, axial ratio, and gain characteristics over a + or - 10-percent frequency bandwidth. This type of antenna is applicable to telemetry and control for spacecraft, missiles, aircraft, Inmarsat small terminals for ships and boats, and M-sat ground terminals in cars and satellite systems, where high efficiency performance of hemispherical radiation is required.

Kumar, A.

1988-05-01

86

Choosing a Database for Social Work: A Comparison of Social Work Abstracts and Social Service Abstracts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared Social Work Abstracts and Social Services Abstracts databases in terms of indexing, journal coverage, and searches. The authors interviewed editors, analyzed journal coverage, and compared searches. It was determined that the databases complement one another more than compete. The authors conclude with some considerations.

Flatley, Robert K.; Lilla, Rick; Widner, Jack

2007-01-01

87

Complete Lunar Exploration Coverage Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA's Vision for Space Exploration is to establish a permanent human presence on the Moon beginning no later than 2020. It is essential to provide an architecture that is expandable and evolvable to meet the current and future communication requirements for Constellation's International Space Station missions and lunar missions. This architecture includes the existing NASA ground-based and Earth-orbiting networks, as well as a possible network of lunar relay satellites. A key metric for decisions in selecting or expanding the communication infrastructure is its coverage capability. This article provides detailed coverage analysis for various phases of a lunar exploration mission, including the launches of the Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) and the Lunar Surface Access Module/Earth Departure Stage (LSAM/EDS), their low-Earth-orbiting operations and docking; the trans-lunar insertion of the CEV/LSAM stack, its lunar orbiting insertion and low-lunar-orbiting operations; and the LSAM descent/ascent operations, as well as the Earth return phase. The human outpost of lunar exploration is assumed to be at the lunar south pole; the top 10 landing sites suggested by NASA's Exploration Systems Architecture Study for lunar sortie missions are also considered. Surface-to-surface, Earth, and solar coverage at the lunar south pole using Goldstone Solar System Radar terrain data are also analyzed and discussed.

Lee, C. H.; Cheung, K.-M.

2008-11-01

88

Links to Other Patents Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by the Patents Information service of the British Library Science Technology and Business, this site serves as a gateway to British and European patent resources. Many of the links lead to wonderful patent databases, which are organized into database types including key patent databases, single-authority patent databases, subject-based databases, and design databases. Resources also include a directory of patent agents and attorneys through Europe, as well as parts of North America and Malaysia; online journals; and regional and international patent and intellectual property legislation. While this Website offers the tools to perform online patent searching, the library cautions users not familiar with patents that they will find it difficult to construct online searches and interpret the search results; inexperienced users are strongly advised to go to a patent library for help.

2001-01-01

89

42 CFR 457.420 - Benchmark health benefits coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Benchmark health benefits coverage. 457.420 Section...Requirements: Coverage and Benefits § 457.420 Benchmark health benefits coverage. Benchmark coverage is health benefits coverage...

2013-10-01

90

INVADERS Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Montana and directed by Dr. Peter Rice, the INVADERS Database is "a comprehensive database of exotic plant names and weed distribution records for five states in the northwestern United States." Designed for use by land management and weed regulatory agencies, INVADERS uses a query interface (plant name or location) to sort and display information. Data are updated regularly so as to increase the chance of detecting and halting the rapid spread of alien weeds. Highlights of the site include the noxious weed listings for all US states and six Canadian provinces, historic distribution records against which to compare current plant distributions, and summary statistics such as the number of invasive species detected per state or a summary of the 120 year invasion, among others. The INVADERS database will prove both interesting and useful to managers and academics, alike.

1997-01-01

91

Closing the Prescription Drug Coverage Gap  

MedlinePLUS

... does the coverage gap discount work for brand-name drugs? Companies that make brand-name prescription drugs ... the coverage gap, will all Medicare-covered brand-name prescription drugs be discounted? If a drug company ...

92

Your Guide to Medicare Prescription Drug Coverage  

MedlinePLUS

... a plan that has a coverage gap: Ms. Smith joined the ABC Prescription Drug Plan. Her coverage ... card when she buys prescriptions. Monthly premium—Ms. Smith pays a monthly premium throughout the year. 1. ...

93

77 FR 16453 - Student Health Insurance Coverage  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES 45 CFR Parts 144...CMS-9981-F RIN 0938-AQ95 Student Health Insurance Coverage AGENCY: Centers for...rule establishes requirements for student health insurance coverage under the Public...

2012-03-21

94

76 FR 7767 - Student Health Insurance Coverage  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES 45 CFR Parts 144 and...CMS-9981-P] RIN 0950-AA20 Student Health Insurance Coverage AGENCY: Centers for...that would establish rules for student health insurance coverage under the Public...

2011-02-11

95

29 CFR 1975.4 - Coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) COVERAGE OF EMPLOYERS UNDER THE WILLIAMS-STEIGER OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT OF 1970 § 1975.4 Coverage. (a) General. Any employer employing one or more employees would be an âemployer engaged...

2013-07-01

96

Solubility Database  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 106 IUPAC-NIST Solubility Database (Web, free access)   These solubilities are compiled from 18 volumes (Click here for List) of the International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry(IUPAC)-NIST Solubility Data Series. The database includes liquid-liquid, solid-liquid, and gas-liquid systems. Typical solvents and solutes include water, seawater, heavy water, inorganic compounds, and a variety of organic compounds such as hydrocarbons, halogenated hydrocarbons, alcohols, acids, esters and nitrogen compounds. There are over 67,500 solubility measurements and over 1800 references.

97

Lightweight Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current World Wide Web technologies concentrate on presenting documents to human readers. Although HTML identifies structures within a document, it does not allow the semantic content of document sections to be specified explicitly. We investigate a small extension to HTML which allows parts of a document to be mapped onto an underlying database schema. This allows automatic identification and extraction

Simon A. Dobson; Victoria A. Burrill

1995-01-01

98

Foodline®: International Food Market, Technology and Regulatory Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foodline® is a trio of databases from U.K.-based Leatherhead Food Research Association providing international coverage of food marketing, technical and regulatory information. Foodline®: International Food Market Data is a bibliographic database of global market information abstracted from some 250 food and beverage business and trade journals, statistical publications and market studies. Foodline®: Food Science and Technology consists of citations and

Peter Sidney

1996-01-01

99

Small and Medium Enterprises across the Globe: A New Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a new cross-country database on the importance of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). This database is unique in that it presents consistent and comparable information on the contribution of the SME sector to total employment and GDP across different countries. The dataset improves on existing publicly available datasets on several grounds. First, it extends coverage to a

Meghana Ayyagari; Thorsten Beck

2003-01-01

100

Drinking Water Treatability Database (Database)  

EPA Science Inventory

The drinking Water Treatability Database (TDB) will provide data taken from the literature on the control of contaminants in drinking water, and will be housed on an interactive, publicly-available USEPA web site. It can be used for identifying effective treatment processes, rec...

101

Trail Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Something of a veteran by Internet standards, the Trail Database has been around since 1997 and, as such, now bills itself as the "world's largest hiking trail database." "Henk," the Dutch hiker responsible for this compendium, updates the site regularly and has included a wide variety of links to helpful material here. Users can search or browse the resources, which are arranged both under general topics, such as Knots or Equipment, and by country. Those planning European hikes will find the links off the front page to foot and mouth disease-related hiking restrictions useful (though we found some of these links to be broken). In all, an impressive collection of material. The site is available in Dutch or English.

1997-01-01

102

Sideline coverage of youth football.  

PubMed

Youth football is a popular sport in the United States and has been for some time. There are currently more than 3 million participants in youth football leagues according to USA Football. While the number of participants and overall injuries may be higher in other sports, football has a higher rate of injuries. Most youth sporting events do not have medical personnel on the sidelines in event of an injury or emergency. Therefore it is necessary for youth sports coaches to undergo basic medical training in order to effectively act in these situations. In addition, an argument could be made that appropriate medical personnel should be on the sideline for collision sports at all levels, from youth to professional. This article will discuss issues pertinent to sideline coverage of youth football, including coaching education, sideline personnel, emergency action plans, age and size divisions, tackle versus flag football, and injury prevention. PMID:23669083

Rizzone, Katie; Diamond, Alex; Gregory, Andrew

2013-01-01

103

Modeling of Database Constraints in Active Databases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report deals with the problems of specification, modeling, and enforcement of constraints in databases. The active database area is emerging as a viable alternative for implementation of large scale database applications particularly those involving ...

S. B. Navathe A. K. Tanaka

1993-01-01

104

Diabetes Coverage in Mass-Circulating Women's Magazines, 1995-2001  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review evaluates the accuracy of diabetes mellitus coverage in selected mass-circulating women's magazines from 1995 through 2001. The ProQuest database was searched to obtain all citations from five women's magazines ("Better Homes and Gardens," "Good Housekeeping," "Ladies' Home Journal," "Family Circle," and "Woman's Day") and three…

Wallace, Lorraine Silver

2003-01-01

105

42 CFR 457.450 - Secretary-approved coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...State. (d) Coverage that includes benchmark health benefits coverage, as specified...equivalent to or greater than coverage under a benchmark health benefits plan, as specified...the corresponding coverage under the benchmark health benefits plan. [66 FR...

2013-10-01

106

Atomic Databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Atomic and molecular data are required in a variety of fields ranging from the traditional astronomy, atmospherics and fusion research to fast growing technologies such as lasers, lighting, low-temperature plasmas, plasma assisted etching and radiotherapy. In this context, there are some research groups, both theoretical and experimental, scattered round the world that attend to most of this data demand, but the implementation of atomic databases has grown independently out of sheer necessity. In some cases the latter has been associated with the data production process or with data centers involved in data collection and evaluation; but sometimes it has been the result of individual initiatives that have been quite successful. In any case, the development and maintenance of atomic databases call for a number of skills and an entrepreneurial spirit that are not usually associated with most physics researchers. In the present report we present some of the highlights in this area in the past five years and discuss what we think are some of the main issues that have to be addressed.

Mendoza, Claudio

2000-10-01

107

Coverage with Connectivity in Wireless Sensor Networks (Invited Paper)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we study coverage with connectivity properties in large wireless sensor networks. We consider three classes: full coverage with connectivity, partial coverage with connectivity, and constrained coverage with connectivity. We outline two simple network topologies to satisfy the constrained coverage with connectivity criterion. We compare the surveillance performance and deployment cost for networks with different coverage with connectivity

Xin Liu

108

An Integrated Database for Complex Protein Structure Modeling  

PubMed Central

In homology modeling of protein structures, it is typical to find templates through a sequence search against a database of proteins with known structures. In more complicated modeling cases, such as modeling a protein structure in contact with a ligand, sequence information itself may not be enough and more biological information is required for a successful modeling process. SCOP and PFAM are two databases providing protein domain information which can be utilized in complex protein structure modeling. However, due to the manually-curated nature of both databases, they fail to provide timely coverage of protein sequences existing in the Protein Data Bank (PDB). In this paper, we introduce a new relational database, IDOPS, which integrates sequence and biological information extracted from remediated PDB files and protein domain information generated with HMM profiles of PFAM families. With a carefully designed protocol, this database is updated regularly and the coverage rate of PDB entries is guaranteed to be high.

Wang, Qiang; Dunbrack, Roland L.

2010-01-01

109

An Integrated Database for Complex Protein Structure Modeling.  

PubMed

In homology modeling of protein structures, it is typical to find templates through a sequence search against a database of proteins with known structures. In more complicated modeling cases, such as modeling a protein structure in contact with a ligand, sequence information itself may not be enough and more biological information is required for a successful modeling process. SCOP and PFAM are two databases providing protein domain information which can be utilized in complex protein structure modeling. However, due to the manually-curated nature of both databases, they fail to provide timely coverage of protein sequences existing in the Protein Data Bank (PDB). In this paper, we introduce a new relational database, IDOPS, which integrates sequence and biological information extracted from remediated PDB files and protein domain information generated with HMM profiles of PFAM families. With a carefully designed protocol, this database is updated regularly and the coverage rate of PDB entries is guaranteed to be high. PMID:21151784

Wang, Qiang; Dunbrack, Roland L

2008-11-01

110

Phylogenomics with incomplete taxon coverage: the limits to inference  

PubMed Central

Background Phylogenomic studies based on multi-locus sequence data sets are usually characterized by partial taxon coverage, in which sequences for some loci are missing for some taxa. The impact of missing data has been widely studied in phylogenetics, but it has proven difficult to distinguish effects due to error in tree reconstruction from effects due to missing data per se. We approach this problem using a explicitly phylogenomic criterion of success, decisiveness, which refers to whether the pattern of taxon coverage allows for uniquely defining a single tree for all taxa. Results We establish theoretical bounds on the impact of missing data on decisiveness. Results are derived for two contexts: a fixed taxon coverage pattern, such as that observed from an already assembled data set, and a randomly generated pattern derived from a process of sampling new data, such as might be observed in an ongoing comparative genomics sequencing project. Lower bounds on how many loci are needed for decisiveness are derived for the former case, and both lower and upper bounds for the latter. When data are not decisive for all trees, we estimate the probability of decisiveness and the chances that a given edge in the tree will be distinguishable. Theoretical results are illustrated using several empirical examples constructed by mining sequence databases, genomic libraries such as ESTs and BACs, and complete genome sequences. Conclusion Partial taxon coverage among loci can limit phylogenomic inference by making it impossible to distinguish among multiple alternative trees. However, even though lack of decisiveness is typical of many sparse phylogenomic data sets, it is often still possible to distinguish a large fraction of edges in the tree.

2010-01-01

111

Towards Semantic Web Services on Large, Multi-Dimensional Coverages  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Observed and simulated data in the Earth Sciences often come as coverages, the general term for space-time varying phenomena as set forth by standardization bodies like the Open GeoSpatial Consortium (OGC) and ISO. Among such data are 1-d time series, 2-D surface data, 3-D surface data time series as well as x/y/z geophysical and oceanographic data, and 4-D metocean simulation results. With increasing dimensionality the data sizes grow exponentially, up to Petabyte object sizes. Open standards for exploiting coverage archives over the Web are available to a varying extent. The OGC Web Coverage Service (WCS) standard defines basic extraction operations: spatio-temporal and band subsetting, scaling, reprojection, and data format encoding of the result - a simple interoperable interface for coverage access. More processing functionality is available with products like Matlab, Grid-type interfaces, and the OGC Web Processing Service (WPS). However, these often lack properties known as advantageous from databases: declarativeness (describe results rather than the algorithms), safe in evaluation (no request can keep a server busy infinitely), and optimizable (enable the server to rearrange the request so as to produce the same result faster). WPS defines a geo-enabled SOAP interface for remote procedure calls. This allows to webify any program, but does not allow for semantic interoperability: a function is identified only by its function name and parameters while the semantics is encoded in the (only human readable) title and abstract. Hence, another desirable property is missing, namely an explicit semantics which allows for machine-machine communication and reasoning a la Semantic Web. The OGC Web Coverage Processing Service (WCPS) language, which has been adopted as an international standard by OGC in December 2008, defines a flexible interface for the navigation, extraction, and ad-hoc analysis of large, multi-dimensional raster coverages. It is abstract in that it does not anticipate any particular protocol. One such protocol is given by the OGC Web Coverage Service (WCS) Processing Extension standard which ties WCPS into WCS. Another protocol which makes WCPS an OGC Web Processing Service (WPS) Profile is under preparation. Thereby, WCPS bridges WCS and WPS. The conceptual model of WCPS relies on the coverage model of WCS, which in turn is based on ISO 19123. WCS currently addresses raster-type coverages where a coverage is seen as a function mapping points from a spatio-temporal extent (its domain) into values of some cell type (its range). A retrievable coverage has an identifier associated, further the CRSs supported and, for each range field (aka band, channel), the interpolation methods applicable. The WCPS language offers access to one or several such coverages via a functional, side-effect free language. The following example, which derives the NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) from given coverages C1, C2, and C3 within the regions identified by the binary mask R, illustrates the language concept: for c in ( C1, C2, C3 ), r in ( R ) return encode( (char) (c.nir - c.red) / (c.nir + c.red), H˜DF-EOS\\~ ) The result is a list of three HDF-EOS encoded images containing masked NDVI values. Note that the same request can operate on coverages of any dimensionality. The expressive power of WCPS includes statistics, image, and signal processing up to recursion, to maintain safe evaluation. As both syntax and semantics of any WCPS expression is well known the language is Semantic Web ready: clients can construct WCPS requests on the fly, servers can optimize such requests (this has been investigated extensively with the rasdaman raster database system) and automatically distribute them for processing in a WCPS-enabled computing cloud. The WCPS Reference Implementation is being finalized now that the standard is stable; it will be released in open source once ready. Among the future tasks is to extend WCPS to general meshes, in synchronization with the WCS standard. In this talk WCPS is presented in the context

Baumann, P.

2009-04-01

112

Stackfile Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This software provides storage retrieval and analysis functionality for managing satellite altimetry data. It improves the efficiency and analysis capabilities of existing database software with improved flexibility and documentation. It offers flexibility in the type of data that can be stored. There is efficient retrieval either across the spatial domain or the time domain. Built-in analysis tools are provided for frequently performed altimetry tasks. This software package is used for storing and manipulating satellite measurement data. It was developed with a focus on handling the requirements of repeat-track altimetry missions such as Topex and Jason. It was, however, designed to work with a wide variety of satellite measurement data [e.g., Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment -- GRACE). The software consists of several command-line tools for importing, retrieving, and analyzing satellite measurement data.

deVarvalho, Robert; Desai, Shailen D.; Haines, Bruce J.; Kruizinga, Gerhard L.; Gilmer, Christopher

2013-01-01

113

Algaline Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by the Finnish Institute of Marine Research and several other institutions, the Algaline Database offers updated reports on the conditions of phytoplankton and related parameters in the Baltic Sea. The reports, which vary in length and detail (though most are brief), summarize measurements of Oxygen, Salinity, Temperature, Nutrients, Harmful substances, Plankton, Zooplankton, Benthic Animals, Flow, and Other measurements. In addition, the Maps and Figures section offers numerous color images (including satellite) of Baltic Sea conditions and marine organisms. To access reports by geographic subregion of the Baltic, head to the Reports section. Finally, the Latest News section keeps researchers abreast of changing conditions (e.g., algal blooms) and research cruises in the Baltic. For researchers or anyone else wanting in-depth information on a host of ecological parameters for the Baltic Sea, this is an excellent reference site.

114

Nanotechnology Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the National Science Foundation and housed at the Loyola College in Maryland's International Technology Research Institute the Nanotechnology Database is a source of online information on major research centers, funding agencies, major reports, and books dealing with nanotechnology. The resources listed here are carefully selected and reviewed. The site is expected to grow with the continued support and updates from organizations and individuals in the field of nanotechnology. The list of resources is divided into the following categories: Academic, Industry, Government Laboratories, Government Agencies, Professional Societies, Non-Profit Organizations, Books, Periodicals, Reports, and Conferences. Each listing provides a brief summary (taken from that Website) and hyperlink to the resource (note: the book list links mostly take users to online booksellers). A submission form allows users to add a relevant organization or publication.

2001-01-01

115

Some Coverage Error Models for Census Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alternative models are presented for representing coverage error in surveys and censuses of human populations. The models are related to the capture—recapture models used in wildlife applications and to the dual-system models employed in the vital events literature. Estimation methodologies are discussed for one of the coverage error models. The theoretical foundations of the methodology are developed and distinctions are

Kirk M. Wolter

1986-01-01

116

24 CFR 51.302 - Coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Coverage. 51.302 Section 51.302 Housing and Urban Development...and Accident Potential Zones at Military Airfields § 51.302 Coverage. ...flammable or toxic materials to the area. (c) Except as noted...

2010-04-01

117

24 CFR 51.302 - Coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Coverage. 51.302 Section 51.302 Housing and Urban Development...and Accident Potential Zones at Military Airfields § 51.302 Coverage. ...flammable or toxic materials to the area. (c) Except as noted...

2009-04-01

118

New York Times Coverage of Presidential Campaigns  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates New York Times coverage of the Democratic and Republican general presidential campaigns from 1952–2000. Content analysis reveals that the most common topic of campaign coverage was horse race. Discussion of the candidates' character was more common than discussion of their policy positions (even though candidates discuss policy more than character in campaign messages). The statements in these

William L. Benoit; Kevin A. Stein; Glenn J. Hansen

2005-01-01

119

Coverage Path Planning: The Boustrophedon Cellular Decomposition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coverage path planning is the determination ofa path that a robot must take in order to passover each point in an environment. Applicationsinclude vacuuming, floor scrubbing, andinspection. We developed the boustrophedoncellular decomposition, which is an exact cellulardecomposition approach, for the purposesof coverage. Each cell in the boustrophedonis covered with simple back and forth motions.Once each cell is covered, then the

Howie Choset; Philippe Pignon

1997-01-01

120

Legislating health care coverage for the unemployed.  

PubMed

Because the unemployed and their families are often likely to develop stress-related health problems, ensuring them access to health care is a public health issue. Congressional efforts thus far to legislate health coverage for the unemployed have proposed a system that recognizes people's basic need for coverage but has several limitations. PMID:4029798

Palley, H A; Feldman, G; Gallner, I; Tysor, M

1985-01-01

121

Web impact factors and search engine coverage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Search engines index only a proportion of the web and this proportion is not determined randomly but by following algorithms that take into account the properties that impact factors measure. A survey was conducted in order to test the coverage of search engines and to decide whether their partial coverage is indeed an obstacle to using them to calculate web

Mike Thelwall

2000-01-01

122

Medicare Coverage Outside the U.S.  

MedlinePLUS

... before traveling to see what’s covered. Can I buy travel insurance to help pay for the cost of health care services? Yes. Because Medicare has limited coverage of health care services outside the U.S., you can choose to buy a travel insurance policy to get more coverage. ...

123

Media Coverage of the "Political Correctness" Debate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Points out that (1) there is no reason to believe that media coverage of the "political correctness" issue is firmly anchored in social reality; (2) the news media's approach reflects and reinforces a longer-term shift in the ways journalists cover the university; and (3) if coverage of political correctness has been misinformed and unproductive,…

Whitney, D. Charles; Wartella, Ellen

1992-01-01

124

Insurance Coverage for Weight Loss  

PubMed Central

Background Given the prevalence of obesity and associated chronic conditions among U.S. adults, wellness benefits are an increasingly popular approach to promoting weight loss. Purpose The goal of the study was to assess overweight and obese adults’ beliefs about the helpfulness of insurance coverage of weight loss–related benefits, their willingness to pay for such benefits, and whether these opinions differ by individuals’ weight or health insurance type. Methods A national survey was fielded in 2012 am ong non-pregnant, overweight and obese adults who had seen a primary care provider in the past year (n=600). Descriptive statistics summarized beliefs about which weight loss–related benefits would be helpful, willingness to pay for such benefits, and agreement about whether health insurers should be able to charge more to obese individuals. Multivariable logistic regression was employed to determine whether beliefs differed by weight category or health insurance type. Analyses were conducted in July 2012. Results The majority (83%) of respondents cited a specific benefit as helpful. Those with private health insurance had a higher probability (89%, 95% CI=86%, 93%) of endorsing any benefit as helpful relative to those with other types of health insurance. Being obese relative to overweight was associated with greater support (57% vs 39%, p<0.05) for preventing health insurers from charging higher premiums to obese individuals. Conclusions In this sample of overweight adults, a large proportion endorsed the value of weight loss–related benefits offered by health plans. However, only about one third were willing to pay extra for them, and half disagreed with the notion that health plans should charge more to obese individuals. Given evidence of their effectiveness, wellness benefits should be offered to all individuals.

Jarlenski, Marian P.; Gudzune, Kimberly A.; Bennett, Wendy L.; Cooper, Lisa A.; Bleich, Sara N.

2013-01-01

125

The challenge of increasing Pfam coverage of the human proteome  

PubMed Central

It is a worthy goal to completely characterize all human proteins in terms of their domains. Here, using the Pfam database, we asked how far we have progressed in this endeavour. Ninety per cent of proteins in the human proteome matched at least one of 5494 manually curated Pfam-A families. In contrast, human residue coverage by Pfam-A families was <45%, with 9418 automatically generated Pfam-B families adding a further 10%. Even after excluding predicted signal peptide regions and short regions (<50 consecutive residues) unlikely to harbour new families, for ?38% of the human protein residues, there was no information in Pfam about conservation and evolutionary relationship with other protein regions. This uncovered portion of the human proteome was found to be distributed over almost 25 000 distinct protein regions. Comparison with proteins in the UniProtKB database suggested that the human regions that exhibited similarity to thousands of other sequences were often either divergent elements or N- or C-terminal extensions of existing families. Thirty-four per cent of regions, on the other hand, matched fewer than 100 sequences in UniProtKB. Most of these did not appear to share any relationship with existing Pfam-A families, suggesting that thousands of new families would need to be generated to cover them. Also, these latter regions were particularly rich in amino acid compositional bias such as the one associated with intrinsic disorder. This could represent a significant obstacle toward their inclusion into new Pfam families. Based on these observations, a major focus for increasing Pfam coverage of the human proteome will be to improve the definition of existing families. New families will also be built, prioritizing those that have been experimentally functionally characterized. Database URL: http://pfam.sanger.ac.uk/

Mistry, Jaina; Coggill, Penny; Eberhardt, Ruth Y.; Deiana, Antonio; Giansanti, Andrea; Finn, Robert D.; Bateman, Alex; Punta, Marco

2013-01-01

126

Subject Searching of Monographs Online in the Medical Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Searching by subject for monographic information online in the medical literature is a challenging task. The NLM database of choice is CATLINE. Other NLM databases of interest are BIOTHICSLINE, CANCERLIT, HEALTH, POPLINE, and TOXLINE. Ten BRS databases are also discussed. Of these, Books in Print, Bookinfo, and OCLC are explored further. The databases are compared as to number of total

Frances A. Brahmi

1988-01-01

127

The PIR-International Protein Sequence Database.  

PubMed Central

From its origin the Protein Sequence Database has been designed to support research and has focused on comprehensive coverage, quality control and organization of the data in accordance with biological principles. Since 1988 the database has been maintained collaboratively within the framework of PIR-International, an association of macromolecular sequence data collection centers dedicated to fostering international cooperation as an essential element in the development of scientific databases. The database is widely distributed and is available on the World Wide Web, via ftp, email server, on CD-ROM and magnetic media. It is widely redistributed and incorporated into many other protein sequence data compilations, including SWISS-PROT and the Entrez system of the NCBI.

George, D G; Barker, W C; Mewes, H W; Pfeiffer, F; Tsugita, A

1996-01-01

128

The Bibliographic Databases in History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This examination of abstracting-indexing services for the field of history focuses on Historical Abstracts (HA) and America--History and Life (AHL), and their relationship to the American Bibliographical Center's Subject Profile Index (ABC-SPIndex). The history, scope, selection criteria, and classification arrangements of the two databases are…

Falk, Joyce Duncan

129

Database transfers between several systems. [FRAMIS and DATATRIEVE  

SciTech Connect

The ability to transfer databases between systems allows the user to exploit the best features of either system. This paper addresses beginning Datatrieve users and deals with the issues involved in a transfer of a database from a central computing area to a PDP-11 at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. FRAMIS was used to clean the original database; DATATRIEVE was used to establish the new database. The new database residing on the PDP-11 was subject to structural change at any time.

Doll, M.

1983-01-01

130

Modeling the Impact of Public Access Defibrillator Range on Public Location Cardiac Arrest Coverage  

PubMed Central

Background Public access defibrillation with automated external defibrillators (AEDs) can improve survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) occurring in public. Increasing the effective range of AEDs may improve coverage for public location OHCAs. Objective To quantify the relationship between AED effective range and public location cardiac arrest coverage. Methods This was a retrospective cohort study using the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Epistry database. We included all public-location, atraumatic, EMS-attended OHCAs in Toronto, Canada between Dec. 16, 2005 and July 15, 2010. We ran a mathematical model for AED placement that maximizes coverage of historical public OHCAs given pre-specified values of AED effective range and the number of locations to place AEDs. Locations of all non-residential buildings were obtained from the City of Toronto and used as candidate sites for AED placement. Coverage was evaluated for range values from 10 to 300 meters and number of AED locations from 10 to 200, both in increments of 10, for a total of 600 unique scenarios. Coverage from placing AEDs in all public buildings was also measured. Results There were 1,310 public location OHCAs during the study period, with 25,851 non-residential buildings identified as candidate sites for AED placement. Cardiac arrest coverage increased with AED effective range, with improvements in coverage diminishing at higher ranges. For example, for a deployment of 200 AED locations, increasing effective range from 100m to 200m covered an additional 15% of cardiac arrests, whereas increasing range further from 200m to 300m covered an additional 10%. Placing an AED in each of the 25,851 public buildings resulted in coverage of 50% and 95% under assumed effective ranges of 50m and 300m, respectively. Conclusion Increasing AED effective range can improve cardiac arrest coverage. Mathematical models can help evaluate the potential impact of initiatives which increase AED range.

Siddiq, Auyon A; Brooks, Steven C.; Chan, Timothy C. Y.

2012-01-01

131

Optimization of parameters for coverage of low molecular weight proteins  

PubMed Central

Proteins with molecular weights of <25 kDa are involved in major biological processes such as ribosome formation, stress adaption (e.g., temperature reduction) and cell cycle control. Despite their importance, the coverage of smaller proteins in standard proteome studies is rather sparse. Here we investigated biochemical and mass spectrometric parameters that influence coverage and validity of identification. The underrepresentation of low molecular weight (LMW) proteins may be attributed to the low numbers of proteolytic peptides formed by tryptic digestion as well as their tendency to be lost in protein separation and concentration/desalting procedures. In a systematic investigation of the LMW proteome of Escherichia coli, a total of 455 LMW proteins (27% of the 1672 listed in the SwissProt protein database) were identified, corresponding to a coverage of 62% of the known cytosolic LMW proteins. Of these proteins, 93 had not yet been functionally classified, and five had not previously been confirmed at the protein level. In this study, the influences of protein extraction (either urea or TFA), proteolytic digestion (solely, and the combined usage of trypsin and AspN as endoproteases) and protein separation (gel- or non-gel-based) were investigated. Compared to the standard procedure based solely on the use of urea lysis buffer, in-gel separation and tryptic digestion, the complementary use of TFA for extraction or endoprotease AspN for proteolysis permits the identification of an extra 72 (32%) and 51 proteins (23%), respectively. Regarding mass spectrometry analysis with an LTQ Orbitrap mass spectrometer, collision-induced fragmentation (CID and HCD) and electron transfer dissociation using the linear ion trap (IT) or the Orbitrap as the analyzer were compared. IT-CID was found to yield the best identification rate, whereas IT-ETD provided almost comparable results in terms of LMW proteome coverage. The high overlap between the proteins identified with IT-CID and IT-ETD allowed the validation of 75% of the identified proteins using this orthogonal fragmentation technique. Furthermore, a new approach to evaluating and improving the completeness of protein databases that utilizes the program RNAcode was introduced and examined. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s00216-010-4093-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Muller, Stephan A.; Kohajda, Tibor; Findeiss, Sven; Stadler, Peter F.; Washietl, Stefan; Kellis, Manolis; von Bergen, Martin

2010-01-01

132

Analyzing the test process using structural coverage  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A large, commercially developed FORTRAN program was modified to produce structural coverage metrics. The modified program was executed on a set of functionally generated acceptance tests and a large sample of operational usage cases. The resulting structural coverage metrics are combined with fault and error data to evaluate structural coverage. It was shown that in the software environment the functionally generated tests seem to be a good approximation of operational use. The relative proportions of the exercised statement subclasses change as the structural coverage of the program increases. A method was also proposed for evaluating if two sets of input data exercise a program in a similar manner. Evidence was provided that implies that in this environment, faults revealed in a procedure are independent of the number of times the procedure is executed and that it may be reasonable to use procedure coverage in software models that use statement coverage. Finally, the evidence suggests that it may be possible to use structural coverage to aid in the management of the acceptance test processed.

Ramsey, James; Basili, Victor R.

1985-01-01

133

The BANCA Database and Evaluation Protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe the acquistion and content of a new large, realistic and challenging multi-modal database intended for train- ing and testing multi-modal verification systems. The BANCA database was captured in four European languages in two modalities (face and voice). For recording, both high and low quality microphones and cam- eras were used. The subjects were recorded in

Enrique Bailly-bailliére; Samy Bengio; Frédéric Bimbot; Miroslav Hamouz; Josef Kittler; Johnny Mariéthoz; Jiri Matas; Kieron Messer; Vlad Popovici; Fabienne Porée; Belén Ruíz; Jean-philippe Thiran

2003-01-01

134

Conflation of National Bridge Inventory Database with Tigerbased Road Vectors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Bridge Inventory (NBI) database provides detailed bridge information with full coverage in the United States. In the database, each bridge record has an associated geographic location, which makes it possible to match the NBI records with road vectors in a geospatial database. This paper presents our approach to conflating the NBI database with U.S. Census Bureau's Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing (TIGER) road vectors based on a point-to-line matching algorithm, which combines both geometric and semantic similarity measurements. Experiments have shown that most NBI bridges can be successfully matched to TIGER road vectors with an overall success rate over 80%. The matched results are then used to help define linear features for bridges in the road database. The resultant road databases have enhanced bridge information and are further used in creating a 3D road database. The proposed methodology has been fully implemented and has been used in various applications.

Zhang, Q.; Griffiths, S.; Wollersheim, M.; Tighe, M. Lorraine; Xu, C.

2012-09-01

135

An ARC/INFO point coverage of Mineral Resource Data System (MRDS) locations in eleven western states  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This ARC/Info coverage, derived from the USGS Mineral Resource Data System (MRDS), contains 60,490 records that fall within the states of Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming. The dataset has 13 fields containing information on record identification, location, commodity, geology, and deposit type. The data for this report was retrieved from the master database as a tab text file and imported into a Microsoft Access database. The data was then imported into ESRI’s ArcView where shape files were created. These shape files were then converted into an ARC/INFO coverage.

Frank, David G.

1999-01-01

136

5 CFR 792.103 - Coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' HEALTH, COUNSELING, AND WORK/LIFE PROGRAMS Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Programs and Services for Federal Civilian Employees § 792.103 Coverage. This part applies...

2014-01-01

137

Why Should I Have Health Coverage?  

MedlinePLUS

... Insurance Basics Why it's so important to have health insurance No one plans to get sick or ... costs and protects you from very high expenses. Health coverage when you need care Health insurance is ...

138

43 CFR 3933.51 - Bond coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) MANAGEMENT OF OIL SHALE EXPLORATION AND LEASES Assignments and Subleases § 3933.51 Bond coverage. Before the BLM will approve an...

2013-10-01

139

5 CFR 880.303 - FEHBP coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT AND INSURANCE BENEFITS DURING PERIODS OF UNEXPLAINED ABSENCE Continuation of Benefits § 880.303 FEHBP coverage. (a) If the missing annuitant had a family...

2010-01-01

140

5 CFR 880.304 - FEGLI coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT AND INSURANCE BENEFITS DURING PERIODS OF UNEXPLAINED ABSENCE Continuation of Benefits § 880.304 FEGLI coverage. (a) FEGLI premiums will not be collected...

2010-01-01

141

Vaccination Coverage in the U.S.  

MedlinePLUS

... Public Health . 2008; 8: 99. Comparison of two survey methodologies to assess vaccination coverage Source: Int. J. Epidemiol. 2007 ; 36(3) 633-41. Forty years and four surveys: How does our measuring measure up? abstract Source: ...

142

Providing health care coverage for former inmates.  

PubMed

(1) Prisoners have a higher prevalence of behavioral health disorders and chronic and infectious disease than the general population. (2) Suspending, rather than terminating, an inmate's Medicaid eligibility during incarceration helps facilitate coverage upon parole. (3) Policymakers are working to connect former inmates to coverage as a way to increase access to needed health services, decrease admissions to hospitals and emergency rooms, and reduce recidivism. PMID:24745101

Tobler, Laura

2014-04-01

143

Database Designer's Workbench.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Database Design and Evaluation Workbench is a graphics-oriented decision support system for both centralized and distributed database design. A prototype system called the Database Designer's Workbench (DDW) has been implemented on MULTICS and is curr...

R. E. Cobb T. J. Teorey

1987-01-01

144

Subject Access Points in Electronic Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of subject access points in databases concentrates on the broader theoretical perspective. Topics include technology-driven stages in the development of subject access points; a taxonomy of subject access points; document titles; abstracts; references and citations; full text; and descriptors, identifiers, classification codes, and…

Hjorland, Birger; Nielsen, Lykke Kyllesbech

2001-01-01

145

Acquisition of Subjective Adjectives with Limited Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a bootstrapping algorithm for ac- quiring a lexicon of subjective adjectives which mini- mizes the recourse to external resources (such as lexi- cal databases, parsers, manual annotation work). The method only employs a corpus tagged with part-of- speech information and a seed set of subjective adjec- tives. The list of candidate subjective adjectives is gen- erated incrementally

Stefano Vegnaduzzo

2004-01-01

146

Talonavicular joint coverage and bone morphology between different foot types.  

PubMed

This study explored three dimensional (3D) talonavicular joint (TNJ) coverage/orientation and bone morphology to reveal parameters that could classify and identify predispositions to cavus and planus feet. 3D models of 65 feet from 40 subjects were generated from computed tomography images classified as pes cavus, neutrally aligned, or asymptomatic/symptomatic pes planus. We calculated the talar and navicular overlap (TNJ coverage). We also measured orientation of the navicular, morphological parameters of the talus and navicular, and angular position of the talar head to body. Pes cavus showed significantly less talonavicular coverage (58?±?2% talus and 86?±?2% navicular) compared to asymptomatic pes planus (63?±?2% and 95?±?2%) and neutrally aligned feet (98?±?2% navicular), and significantly more navicular dorsiflexion and adduction relative to the talus (p?

Louie, Philip K; Sangeorzan, Bruce J; Fassbind, Michael J; Ledoux, William R

2014-07-01

147

Rotation flaps for coverage after total knee arthroplasty  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results obtained using local myocutaneous rotation flaps in cases of wound dehiscence after total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Patients undergoing these surgical procedures were selected in the 2000-2012 period. The nine selected cases during this period were subjected to flap coverage due to skin dehiscence associated with infection. In eight cases we used rotation flaps of the medial gastrocnemius, and in one case we used advancing skin. RESULTS: Eighty nine percent of the cases were successful in the coverage of the prosthesis and the viability of the flaps. In four cases it was possible to maintain or review the prosthesis. Four other cases progressed to amputation due to failure on treatment of infections, and one case remained without the prosthesis. The functional evaluation showed an unsatisfactory outcome in 89% of cases. CONCLUSION: Coverage flaps are a good option for the treatment of cases of dehiscence with exposure of the prosthesis and the functional failure was associated with the inability to control the infection and the damage it caused. Level of Evidence IV, Case Series.

Pozzobon, Leonardo Rafael; Helito, Camilo Partezani; Guimaraes, Tales Mollica; Gobbi, Riccardo Gomes; Pecora, Jose Ricardo; Camanho, Gilberto Luis

2013-01-01

148

Television news coverage of global warming  

SciTech Connect

Citizens are expressing increased concern over the number and variety of environmental problems. Global warming in particular is a focus of concern for scientists and environmental groups. Such concern should naturally motivate individuals to seek information about these topics. Many people turn to the media, most usually television, for information on the nature of these problems. Consequently, this paper studied media coverage of environmental issues, specifically global warming. Television coverage was examined for: (1) the general nature of coverage; (2) biases in coverage; (3) visual images used to cover global warming; and (4) the congruity between visual and verbal messages in newscasts. Nightly newscasts from the three major American television networks were analyzed from 1993--1995 to determine the overall nature of global warming coverage since the Earth Summit in 1992. Results indicated that television news suffers from some serious inadequacies in its portrayal of global warming issues. The paper concludes by first discussing how its results intertwine with other work in the global warming and mass media field. Finally, the implications of inadequacies in media coverage for policy-makers when it comes to sound management of critical resources in this area are also discussed.

Nitz, M. [Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States). School of Communication; Jarvis, S. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Speech Communication; Kenski, H. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States). Dept. of Communication

1996-06-01

149

Sports Information Online: Searching the SPORT Database and Tips for Finding Sports Medicine Information Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first article describes SPORT, a database providing international coverage of athletics and physical education, and compares it to other online services in terms of coverage, thesauri, possible search strategies, and actual usage. The second article reviews available online information on sports medicine. (CLB)

Janke, Richard V.; And Others

1988-01-01

150

Uneven Progress in Expanding State Medicaid Coverage for Smoking Cessation  

MedlinePLUS

... Uneven progress in expanding state Medicaid coverage for smoking cessation States make gradual progress, but few provide ... Efforts to expand state Medicaid coverage for all smoking cessation treatments and the removal of coverage barriers ...

151

42 CFR 435.139 - Coverage for certain aliens.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Coverage for certain aliens. 435.139 Section 435.139 Public...Categorically Needy Mandatory Coverage of Certain Aliens § 435.139 Coverage for certain aliens. The agency must provide services...

2010-10-01

152

44 CFR 61.3 - Types of coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INSURANCE AND HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program INSURANCE COVERAGE AND RATES § 61.3 Types of coverage. Insurance coverage under the...

2013-10-01

153

45 CFR 800.107 - Levels of coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Levels of coverage. 800.107 Section 800.107...Program Issuer Requirements § 800.107 Levels of coverage. (a) Silver and gold levels of coverage required. An MSPP issuer...

2013-10-01

154

Print media coverage of California's smokefree bar law  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE—To assess the print media coverage of California's smokefree bar law in the state of California.?DESIGN—Content analysis of newspaper, trade journal, and magazine items.?SUBJECTS—Items regarding the smokefree bar law published seven months before and one year following the implementation of the smokefree bar law (June 1997 to December 1998). Items consisted of news articles (n = 446), opinion editorials (n = 31), editorials (n = 104), letters to the editor (n = 240), and cartoons (n = 10).?MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES—Number and timing of publication of items, presence of tobacco industry arguments or public health arguments regarding law, positive, negative, and neutral views of opinion items published.?RESULTS—53% of items published concerning the smokefree bar law were news articles, 47% were opinion items. 45% of items regarding the smokefree bar law were published during the first month of implementation. The tobacco industry dominated coverage in most categories (economics, choice, enforcement, ventilation, legislation, individual quotes), except for categories public health used the most frequently (government role, tactics, organisational quotes). Anti-law editorials and letters to the editor were published more than pro-law editorials and letters. Region of the state, paper size, presence of local clean indoor air legislation, and voting on tobacco related ballot initiatives did not have an impact on the presence of opinion items.?CONCLUSIONS—The tobacco industry succeeded in obtaining more coverage of the smokefree bar law, both in news items and opinion items. The tobacco industry used historical arguments of restricting freedom of choice and economic ramifications in fighting the smokefree bar law, while public health groups focused on the worker protection issue, and exposed tobacco industry tactics. Despite the skewed coverage, public health groups obtained adequate attention to their arguments to keep the law in effect.???Keywords: content analysis; politics; passive smoking; smokefree bar law; California

Magzamen, S.; Charlesworth, A.; Glantz, S.

2001-01-01

155

Comparing Unique Title Coverage of Web of Science and Scopus in Earth and Atmospheric Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current journal titles in earth and atmospheric sciences, that are unique to each of two databases, Web of Science and Scopus, were identified using different methods. Comparing by subject category shows that Scopus has hundreds of unique titles, and Web of Science just 16. The titles unique to each database have low SCImago Journal Rank…

Barnett, Philip; Lascar, Claudia

2012-01-01

156

Understanding Database Design Expertise  

Microsoft Academic Search

Database design is a complex and time-consuming process. In order to automate database design, an understanding of the nature of expertise that goes into the design process is needed. Although a number of expert systems have been developed to assist or replace a database designer, database design expertise has not been examined in any detail. This paper proposes a conceptual

Veda C. Storey; Cheryl Bagley Thompson; Sudha Ram

1995-01-01

157

Relay database design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many electric utilities use computer databases to store their relay data. The database naturally gives access to many users, coordinates modifications, and generates the necessary reports for different purposes. The relay database must accommodate a wide variety of protective devices. Users of a relay database include relay engineers, relay technicians, system operators, and other field personnel. Information wanted by these

J. McClain; S. M. Chan; D. Choe

1995-01-01

158

Interactive bibliographical database on color  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper describes the methodology and results of a project under development, aimed at the elaboration of an interactive bibliographical database on color in all fields of application: philosophy, psychology, semiotics, education, anthropology, physical and natural sciences, biology, medicine, technology, industry, architecture and design, arts, linguistics, geography, history. The project is initially based upon an already developed bibliography, published in different journals, updated in various opportunities, and now available at the Internet, with more than 2,000 entries. The interactive database will amplify that bibliography, incorporating hyperlinks and contents (indexes, abstracts, keywords, introductions, or eventually the complete document), and devising mechanisms for information retrieval. The sources to be included are: books, doctoral dissertations, multimedia publications, reference works. The main arrangement will be chronological, but the design of the database will allow rearrangements or selections by different fields: subject, Decimal Classification System, author, language, country, publisher, etc. A further project is to develop another database, including color-specialized journals or newsletters, and articles on color published in international journals, arranged in this case by journal name and date of publication, but allowing also rearrangements or selections by author, subject and keywords.

Caivano, Jose L.

2002-06-01

159

Conceptualising the lack of health insurance coverage.  

PubMed

This paper examines the lack of health insurance coverage in the US as a public policy issue. It first compares the problem of health insurance coverage to the problem of unemployment to show that in terms of the numbers of individuals affected lack of health insurance is a problem comparable in importance to the problem of unemployment. Secondly, the paper discusses the methodology involved in measuring health insurance coverage, and argues that the current method of estimation of the uninsured underestimates the extent that individuals go without health insurance. Third, the paper briefly introduces Amartya Sen's functioning and capabilities framework to suggest a way of representing the extent to which individuals are uninsured. Fourth, the paper sketches a means of operationalizing the Sen representation of the uninsured in terms of the disability-adjusted life year (DALY) measure. PMID:10977161

Davis, J B

2000-01-01

160

Eukaryotic genome size databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three independent databases of eukaryotic genome size information have been launched or re-released in updated form since 2005: the Plant DNA C-values Database (www.kew.org\\/genomesize\\/homepage. html), the Animal Genome Size Database (www. genomesize.com) and the Fungal Genome Size Database (www.zbi.ee\\/fungal-genomesize\\/). In total, these databases provide freely accessible genome size data for >10 000 species of eukaryotes assem- bled from more than

T. Ryan Gregory; James A. Nicol; Heidi Tamm; Bellis Kullman; Kaur Kullman; Ilia J. Leitch; Brian G. Murray; Donald F. Kapraun; Johann Greilhuber; Michael D. Bennett

2007-01-01

161

Women in Politics: Bibliographic Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This bibliographic database currently holds 650 titles of recent works concerned with women in politics. A new addition to the Inter-Parliamentary Union's "Democracy through Partnership between Men and Women in Politics" site, "it provides bibliographic references to books, reports and journal articles on all aspects of women's participation in political life worldwide." The search mechanism allows users to specify type of document, geographic region, publishing organization, subject matter, author, title of periodical, and year of publication. Alternatively, there is also a subject keyword search. For more information about the Inter-Parliamentary Union Website, see the December 12, 1997 Scout Report.

162

Tank Characterization Database (TCD) Data Dictionary: Version 4.0  

SciTech Connect

This document is the data dictionary for the tank characterization database (TCD) system and contains information on the data model and SYBASE{reg_sign} database structure. The first two parts of this document are subject areas based on the two different areas of the (TCD) database: sample analysis and waste inventory. Within each subject area is an alphabetical list of all the database tables contained in the subject area. Within each table defintiion is a brief description of the table and alist of field names and attributes. The third part, Field Descriptions, lists all field names in the data base alphabetically.

NONE

1996-04-01

163

Blobology: exploring raw genome data for contaminants, symbionts and parasites using taxon-annotated GC-coverage plots  

PubMed Central

Generating the raw data for a de novo genome assembly project for a target eukaryotic species is relatively easy. This democratization of access to large-scale data has allowed many research teams to plan to assemble the genomes of non-model organisms. These new genome targets are very different from the traditional, inbred, laboratory-reared model organisms. They are often small, and cannot be isolated free of their environment – whether ingested food, the surrounding host organism of parasites, or commensal and symbiotic organisms attached to or within the individuals sampled. Preparation of pure DNA originating from a single species can be technically impossible, but assembly of mixed-organism DNA can be difficult, as most genome assemblers perform poorly when faced with multiple genomes in different stoichiometries. This class of problem is common in metagenomic datasets that deliberately try to capture all the genomes present in an environment, but replicon assembly is not often the goal of such programs. Here we present an approach to extracting, from mixed DNA sequence data, subsets that correspond to single species’ genomes and thus improving genome assembly. We use both numerical (proportion of GC bases and read coverage) and biological (best-matching sequence in annotated databases) indicators to aid partitioning of draft assembly contigs, and the reads that contribute to those contigs, into distinct bins that can then be subjected to rigorous, optimized assembly, through the use of taxon-annotated GC-coverage plots (TAGC plots). We also present Blobsplorer, a tool that aids exploration and selection of subsets from TAGC-annotated data. Partitioning the data in this way can rescue poorly assembled genomes, and reveal unexpected symbionts and commensals in eukaryotic genome projects. The TAGC plot pipeline script is available from https://github.com/blaxterlab/blobology, and the Blobsplorer tool from https://github.com/mojones/Blobsplorer.

Kumar, Sujai; Jones, Martin; Koutsovoulos, Georgios; Clarke, Michael; Blaxter, Mark

2013-01-01

164

Tracking coverage on the silk road: time to turn theory into practice.  

PubMed

Scaling up coverage of programs that effectively reduce the spread of HIV among vulnerable populations, including injecting drug users (IDUs), sex workers (SWs), and men who have sex with men (MSM), is a critically important issue for many countries today. However, in addition to the lack of a commonly accepted definition of coverage, there are currently no universally accepted standards, methodologies, or tools to track coverage among these groups. Globally, most programs working to prevent HIV among vulnerable populations are not using monitoring & evaluation (M&E) systems that accurately track numbers of clients and frequency of contact with those clients. Nor do most programs have targets on the frequency of contact needed to effectively promote healthy behaviours. This article presents a narrative of how one program in Central Asia developed a simple M&E system to track the extent and frequency of contacts among clients. The system uses a simple and anonymous "Unique Identifier Code" (UIC) that is assigned to each client and recorded into a simple database to track the client's interaction with the program. The system allows program managers to track numbers of clients served and at what frequency and to better monitor progress towards goals. The data produced by the UIC system, when compared against HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) sentinel surveillance data by site, allows programs to test theorized definitions of the quantity of coverage needed to reduce the risk behaviours that spread HIV among vulnerable populations. Such systems can then provide urgently needed data to help national HIV/AIDS programs understand current coverage levels and gaps in coverage that need to be filled in order to reduce the spread of HIV. Such a system provides valuable data to enable decision makers to make evidence-based decisions on how to allocate resources to reach sufficient coverage to reduce the spread of HIV among populations most at risk of HIV. PMID:18261895

Gray, Robert; Hoffman, Leah

2008-04-01

165

7 CFR 457.172 - Coverage Enhancement Option.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Coverage Enhancement Option 1. Definitions CEO coverage level âThe coverage level...documents where the Coverage Enhancement Option (CEO) is available and selected by you. This...percentage is applicable under the combined MPCI/CEO policy when losses under the MPCI...

2010-01-01

166

7 CFR 457.172 - Coverage Enhancement Option.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Coverage Enhancement Option 1. Definitions CEO coverage level âThe coverage level...documents where the Coverage Enhancement Option (CEO) is available and selected by you. This...percentage is applicable under the combined MPCI/CEO policy when losses under the MPCI...

2009-01-01

167

26 CFR 54.4980B-5 - COBRA continuation coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false COBRA continuation coverage. 54.4980B-5...PENSION EXCISE TAXES § 54.4980B-5 COBRA continuation coverage. The following...requirements for coverage to constitute COBRA continuation coverage: Q-1:...

2010-04-01

168

26 CFR 54.4980B-5 - COBRA continuation coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false COBRA continuation coverage. 54.4980B-5...PENSION EXCISE TAXES § 54.4980B-5 COBRA continuation coverage. The following...requirements for coverage to constitute COBRA continuation coverage: Q-1:...

2009-04-01

169

Advanced Analysis Techniques for Cross-Product Coverage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract— Coverage analysis is used to monitor the quality of the verification process. Reports provided by coverage tools help users identify areas in the design that have not been adequately tested. Because of their sheer size, the analysis of large coverage models can be an intim- idating and time-consuming task. This paper presents two new techniques for coverage analysis. The

Hezi Azatchi; Laurent Fournier; Eitan Marcus; Ur Shmuel; Avi Ziv; Keren Zohar

2006-01-01

170

Advanced analysis techniques for cross-product coverage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coverage analysis is used to monitor the quality of the verification process. Reports provided by coverage tools help users identify areas in the design that have not been adequately tested. Because of their sheer size, the analysis of large coverage models can be an intimidating and time-consuming task. This paper presents two new techniques for coverage analysis. The first technique,

Hezi Azatchi; Laurent Fournier; Avi Ziv; Keren Zohar

2005-01-01

171

Tailoring a Journal Article Database to Local Needs: Planning and Management Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of California Institute of Technology Libraries' local database of articles from science and engineering journals and its integrated document request and delivery feature. It is noted that not all journals received by the libraries are in the database, backfiles are limited, and coverage is not comprehensive. (five…

Brudvig, Glenn L.

1991-01-01

172

Comparison Study of Overlap among 21 Scientific Databases in Searching Pesticide Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates overlapping coverage of 21 scientific databases used in 10 online pesticide searches in an attempt to identify minimum number of databases needed to generate 90 percent of unique, relevant citations for given search. Comparison of searches combined under given pesticide usage (herbicide, fungicide, insecticide) is discussed. Nine…

Meyer, Daniel E.; And Others

1983-01-01

173

32 CFR 199.8 - Double coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...or limitation of coverage for care that would have been covered...the beneficiary had received care covered by the Medicare+Choice...payer, and CHAMPUS shall be the tertiary payer. (2) CHAMPUS and...the TRICARE costs of health care incurred on behalf of the...

2009-07-01

174

NACUBO Report: Institutions Scramble for Insurance Coverage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities are facing difficult choices as insurance companies cancel coverage or demand premium increases of up to 800 percent. The current crisis is blamed on the way the industry has been managed. Financial managers, rather than underwriters, took over the industry. (MLW)

Denton, Laurie R.

1985-01-01

175

The hunt for 100% sky coverage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tomographic AO (or Wide Field AO) systems use LGS to build a 3D model of turbulence, but rely on NGS for low order sensing. .To preserve reasonable sky coverage, each photon coming from the NGS to sense Tip Tilt has to be optimally exploited. That means a smart control law, a low detection noise, a concentration of the photons onto

Serge Meimon; Thierry Fusco; Yann Clenet; Jean-Marc Conan; François Assémat; Vincent Michau

2010-01-01

176

The hunt for 100% sky coverage  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tomographic AO (or Wide Field AO) systems use LGS to build a 3D model of turbulence, but rely on NGS for low order sensing. .To preserve reasonable sky coverage, each photon coming from the NGS to sense Tip Tilt has to be optimally exploited. That means a smart control law, a low detection noise, a concentration of the photons onto a small patch and a wave front sensor concept with favorable noise propagation. In this paper, we describe the system choices that were made during the E-ELT laser tomographic system ATLAS phase A study, in order to get a sky coverage as close as possible to 100%. A correct estimation of the sky coverage is therefore a key issue. We have developped a sky coverage estimation strategy based on a Besa?con model starfield generation, a star(s) selection tool, and a careful estimation of the residual anisoplanatism (after reconstruction process between the NGSs), noise and temporal contributors. We describe the details of the procedure, and derive the ATLAS expected performance.

Meimon, Serge; Fusco, Thierry; Clenet, Yann; Conan, Jean-Marc; Assémat, François; Michau, Vincent

2010-07-01

177

Coverage and Inheritance in The Preposition Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

In The Preposition Project (TPP), 13 prepositions have now been analyzed and considerable data made available. These prepositions, among the most common words in English, contain 211 senses. By analyzing the coverage of these senses, it is shown that TPP provides potentially greater breadth and depth than other inventories of the range of semantic roles. Specific inheritance mechanisms are developed

Ken Litkowski; Orin Hargraves

2006-01-01

178

Content coverage of animal behavior data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the results of analysis and visualization of Animal Behavior research papers pulbished in major journals. Analysis is carried out to obtain associations among the citation records for the domain. The primary goal is to observe the content coverage and the prominent research areas and describe the research activities taking place over the past decade. The methodologies used

Sidharth Thakur; Katy Borner; Ketan Mane; Emilia Martins; Terry Ord

2004-01-01

179

The New York Times' Coverage of Executions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses two general questions: 1) Is the news media consistent regarding the coverage given executions? and 2) Does the content of news reports on executions provide information relevant to fairness\\/ unfairness issues associated with the death penalty? With the New York Times as the single data source, researchers used the total words written for each execution, and the

Philip L. Reichel; Lisa Munden

1989-01-01

180

A combinatorial approach to modeling imperfect coverage  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new algorithm combines a coverage model with a combinatorial model to compute system unreliability. Its advantage is that for a class of computer systems, it is simpler than current algorithms. The method applies to combinatorial models which can generate cutsets for the system. This set of cutsets is augmented with cutsets representing the uncovered failures of the system. The

Stacy A. Doyle; Joanne Bechta Dugan; F. Ann Patterson-Hine

1995-01-01

181

Immunization Coverage: Role of Sociodemographic Variables  

PubMed Central

Children are considered fully immunized if they receive one dose of BCG, three doses of DPT and polio vaccine each, and one measles vaccine. In India, only 44% of children aged 12–23 months are fully vaccinated and about 5% have not received any vaccination at all. Even if national immunization coverage levels are sufficiently high to block disease transmission, pockets of susceptibility may act as potential reservoirs of infection. This study was done to assess the immunization coverage in an urban slum area and determine various sociodemographic variables affecting the same. A total of 210 children were selected from study population using WHO's 30 cluster sampling method. Coverage of BCG was found to be the highest (97.1%) while that of measles was the lowest. The main reason for noncompliance was given as child's illness at the time of scheduled vaccination followed by lack of knowledge regarding importance of immunization. Low education status of mother, high birth order, and place of delivery were found to be positively associated with low vaccination coverage. Regular IEC activities (group talks, role plays, posters, pamphlets, and competitions) should be conducted in the community to ensure that immunization will become a “felt need” of the mothers in the community.

Velhal, G. D.

2013-01-01

182

Unreliable Sensor Grids: Coverage, Connectivity and Diameter  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider an unreliable wireless sensor grid-network with n nodes placed in a square of unit area. We are interested in the coverage of the region and the connectivity of the network. We first show that the necessary and sufficient conditions for the random grid network to cover the unit square region as well as ensure that the active nodes

Sanjay Shakkottai; R. Srikant; Ness B. Shroff

2003-01-01

183

Network Evening News Coverage of Environmental Risk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on ABC, NBC, and CBS's evening news broadcasts from January 1984 through February 1986, a study examined network news coverage of environmental risk--defined as manmade chemical, biological, and physical agents that create risk in the indoor, outdoor, and occupational environments. Using the Vanderbilt University "Television News Index…

Greenberg, Michael R.; And Others

184

Barrier coverage with sensors of limited mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Barrier coverage is a critical issue in wireless sensor networks for various battlefield and homeland security applications. The goal is to effectively detect intruders that attempt to penetrate the region of interest. A sensor barrier is formed by a connected sensor cluster across the entire deployed region, acting as a \\

Anwar Saipulla; Benyuan Liu; Guoliang Xing; Xinwen Fu; Jie Wang

2010-01-01

185

An Indexing Coverage Study of Toxicological Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was an appraisal of indexing coverage for the interdisciplinary field of toxicology. Information of research significance was limited to primary literature, defined as published documents containing original data from experimental work or case studies. (6 references) (Author/NH)

Montgomery, Ruth Reinke

1973-01-01

186

Surface coverage in CT colography studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The early detection of colorectal polyps may reduce morbidity and mortality due to colon cancer. Reliable detection of polyps in CT colography requires presentation of the entire colonic surface to the radiologist. We have developed a simple technique for quantifying surface coverage of the colonic mucosa as shown on CT colography. The air in the colon is segmented. A shell surrounding the air volume is generated by successively growing surfaces contiguous with previously grown voxels using thresholds of -900 HU and -100 HU. To evaluate techniques used for viewing the colon, shell voxels used in the presentation techniques are monitored, and a list of voxels missed by the technique is compiled. The missed voxels can be visually inspected and quantified using clustering methods that parameterize volumes of missed voxels. The usefulness of this method was investigated using a technique that displays reformatted views about a pre- calculated centerline. A modification of the presentation method in which additional images are generated by interpolation to improve surface sampling near regions of high centerline curvature was also evaluated. The surface coverage and neighborhood parameters were calculated for 15 clinical colography studies. The results indicate that an average of 99.68% of the shell voxels were included in the reformatted images prior to interpolation. Surface coverage was improved to 99.9% when additional interpolated planes were included. The average number of missed neighbors improved from 8.13 to 5.29 with interpolation. The dimensions of the missed volumes provided useful information for surface coverage.

Samara, Yaseen; Dachman, Abraham H.; Hoffmann, Kenneth R.

1999-05-01

187

Health Insurance Coverage of the Unemployed.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We use the 1993 April CPS to examine how health insurance coverage rates of the unemployed differ by age, gender, marital status, education, number of children, and length of time unemployed, and other characteristics such as income and disability of the ...

M. C. Berger D. A. Black F. A. Scott

1996-01-01

188

Spatial Coverage Planning for Exploration Robots  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A report discusses an algorithm for an onboard planning and execution technology to support the exploration and characterization of geological features by autonomous rovers. A rover that is capable of deciding which observations are more important relieves the engineering team from much of the burden of attempting to make accurate predictions of what the available rover resources will be in the future. Instead, the science and engineering teams can uplink a set of observation requests that may potentially oversubscribe resources and let the rover use observation priorities and its current assessment of available resources to make decisions about which observations to perform and when to perform them. The algorithm gives the rover the ability to model spatial coverage quality based on data from different scientific instruments, to assess the impact of terrain on coverage quality, to incorporate user-defined priorities among subregions of the terrain to be covered, and to update coverage quality rankings of observations when terrain knowledge changes. When the rover is exploring large geographical features such as craters, channels, or boundaries between two different regions, an important factor in assessing the quality of a mission plan is how the set of chosen observations spatially cover the area of interest. The algorithm allows the rover to evaluate which observation to perform and to what extent the candidate observation will increase the spatial coverage of the plan.

Gaines, Daniel; Estlin, Tara; Chouinard, Caroline

2007-01-01

189

Randomized single-subject experimental designs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Books on single-subject methodology tend to focus on traditional operant research techniques and thus provide little or no discussion of random introduction of treatments and statistical tests based on such randomization, i.e. randomization tests. Those books are the principal references to which researchers must turn for a comprehensive coverage of single-subject methodology, and so many researchers are likely to be

Eugene S. Edgington

1996-01-01

190

The Number, Quality, and Coverage of Randomized Controlled Trials in Nephrology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Randomized controlled trials (RCT) are the optimal study design to answer intervention questions. The authors evaluated the number, quality, and coverage of RCT in ne- phrology. MEDLINE was searched using the relevant medical subject headings for nephrology and 12 major specialties in internal medicine, limited by \\

GIOVANNI F. M. STRIPPOLI; JONATHAN C. CRAIG; FRANCESCO P. SCHENA

191

45 CFR 146.115 - Certification and disclosure of previous coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...provided in writing (or any other medium approved by the Secretary). (B...procedures may be used to demonstrate that a child was covered under any creditable coverage...146.111(b), under which such a child cannot be subject to a...

2013-10-01

192

BioModels Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the European Bioinformatics Institute, the BioModels Database is a collaborative, "new effort to develop a data resource that will allow biologist to store, search and retrieve published mathematical models of biological interests. The models in the BioModels Database are annotated and linked to relevant data resources, such as publications, databases of compounds and pathways, controlled vocabularies, etc." The website allows visitors to browse and search the Database for models. The site also provides information about submitting models for the Database. It should be noted that submitted models must undergo tests conducted by BioModels Database curators before they are incorporated. [NL

193

Mapping a curriculum database to the USMLE Step 1 content outline.  

PubMed

Assessing the completeness of topic coverage in medical curricula is difficult to establish as no universal standard for completeness has been agreed upon. However, the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 Exam Content Outline may provide a beginning framework. This project developed a computer-based tool that matched ArizonaMed curriculum content (Tucson track) against a modified USMLE content outline. The project involved three phases: (1) the USMLE Step 1 content outline was deconstructed and translated using equivalent Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) terms; (2) a report was made of all MeSH terms used to identify the content in the ArizonaMed curriculum database, compared to the MeSH-modified USMLE outline, and the resulting matches are graphically expressed. The frequency with which each MeSH term appeared across the years also was reported; and (3) a retreat was held with faculty and others to ensure the MeSH-translated outline was accurate and complete. Faculty were able to visualize how content was being expressed among instructional blocks across the first two years. Results also assured faculty and students that all subjects contained in the USMLE content outline were covered in the curriculum. The success of this effort is leading to improvements in content-tracking capability for the ArizonaMed database. PMID:23088357

Dexter, Jack; Koshland, Gail; Waer, Amy; Anderson, Darla

2012-01-01

194

Visual surveillance coverage: strategies and metrics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many sensor systems such as security cameras and satellite photography are faced with the problem of where they should point their sensors at any given time. With directional control of the sensor, the amount of space available to cover far exceeds the field-of-view of the sensor. Given a task domain and a set of constraints, we seek coverage strategies that achieve effective area coverage of the environment. We develop metrics that measure the quality of the strategies and give a basis for comparison. In addition, we explore what it means for an area to be "covered" and how that is affected by the domain, the sensor constraints, and the algorithms. We built a testbed in which we implement and run various sensor coverage strategies and take measurements on their performance. We modeled the domain of a camera mounted on pan and tilt servos with appropriate constraints and time delays on movement. Next, we built several coverage strategies for selecting where the camera should look at any given time based on concepts such as force-mass systems, scripted movements, and the time since an area was last viewed. Finally, we describe several metrics with which we can compare the effectiveness of different coverage strategies. These metrics are based on such things as how well the whole space is covered, how relevant the covered areas are to the domain, how much time is spent acquiring data, how much time is wasted while moving the servos, and how well the strategies detect new objects moving through space.

Everist, Jacob; Mundhenk, T. Nathan; Landauer, Chris; Bellman, Kirstie

2005-10-01

195

Staff Acceptance of Tele-ICU Coverage  

PubMed Central

Background: Remote coverage of ICUs is increasing, but staff acceptance of this new technology is incompletely characterized. We conducted a systematic review to summarize existing research on acceptance of tele-ICU coverage among ICU staff. Methods: We searched for published articles pertaining to critical care telemedicine systems (aka, tele-ICU) between January 1950 and March 2010 using PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Global Health, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library and abstracts and presentations delivered at national conferences. Studies were included if they provided original qualitative or quantitative data on staff perceptions of tele-ICU coverage. Studies were imported into content analysis software and coded by tele-ICU configuration, methodology, participants, and findings (eg, positive and negative staff evaluations). Results: Review of 3,086 citations yielded 23 eligible studies. Findings were grouped into four categories of staff evaluation: overall acceptance level of tele-ICU coverage (measured in 70% of studies), impact on patient care (measured in 96%), impact on staff (measured in 100%), and organizational impact (measured in 48%). Overall acceptance was high, despite initial ambivalence. Favorable impact on patient care was perceived by > 82% of participants. Staff impact referenced enhanced collaboration, autonomy, and training, although scrutiny, malfunctions, and contradictory advice were cited as potential barriers. Staff perceived the organizational impact to vary. An important limitation of available studies was a lack of rigorous methodology and validated survey instruments in many studies. Conclusions: Initial reports suggest high levels of staff acceptance of tele-ICU coverage, but more rigorous methodologic study is required.

Chan, Paul S.; Cram, Peter

2011-01-01

196

Search the PAQ Database  

Cancer.gov

Use this interface to search through all the physical activity-related questions in our database. See below for some tips on how to search. If you have any comments concerning this database, please e-mail David Berrigan.

197

Structural Ceramics Database  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 30 NIST Structural Ceramics Database (Web, free access)   The NIST Structural Ceramics Database (WebSCD) provides evaluated materials property data for a wide range of advanced ceramics known variously as structural ceramics, engineering ceramics, and fine ceramics.

198

NIOSH Power Tools Database  

MedlinePLUS

... Search Tool Type: Manufacturer: Technical Specifications: Power Tools Database Choose one of the tools below to view sound specifications. Disclaimer: The NIOSH database does not include a comprehensive list of manufacturers ...

199

Household Products Database: Pesticides  

MedlinePLUS

... Names Types of Products Manufacturers Ingredients About the Database FAQ Product Recalls Help Glossary Contact Us More ... holders. Information is extracted from Consumer Product Information Database ©2001-2013 by DeLima Associates. All rights reserved. ...

200

The Database Index.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the characteristics of System Development Corporation's (SDC) online index to its database, "Database Index," and presents the results of various test searches to demonstrate the limitations and benefits of the new online file. (JD)

Antony, Arthur

1979-01-01

201

Kentucky Geotechnical Database.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Development of a comprehensive dynamic, geotechnical database is described. This report is the fourth of four, recently completed, research studies. It summarizes all studies and describes the integration of major components of the database. Components in...

L. Sun T. C. Hopkins T. L. Beckham

2005-01-01

202

A Prolog Database System  

SciTech Connect

A Prolog Database System has direct relevance to the Japanese Fifth Generation Computer Project in which both Prolog and relational databases are essential. It can be read as an integrated whole, showing the sorts of systems and methods which will become common, or it can be read as a detached study of Prolog programming, query methods for relational databases or the application of associative methods to relational databases.

Heriot, D.L.I.

1984-01-01

203

NIST Special Database 10  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document describes the NIST fingerprint database, NIST Special Database 10. The databaseprovides a large sample of patterns for transitional fingerprint classes and classes with a low naturalfrequency of occurrence in NIST Special Database 9. The 552 fingerprint cards in NIST SpecialDatabase 10 are non-mated cards archived on a set of three CD-ROM's with the first CD-ROMcontaining 2160 fingerprint images

C. I. Watson

1993-01-01

204

JICST Mass Spectral Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Japan Information Center of Science and Technology (JICST) has started the on-line service of mass spectral database in March 1987. This database is composed of NBS-NIH-EPA-MSDC Mass Spectral Database and original data compiled by Mass Spectroscopy Society of Japan in cooperation with JICST. The authors outline the database system, data items and search commands. An example of retrieval session is presented.

Onodera, Natsuo; Abe, Atsushi; Atago, Ryuji

205

NMNH Entomology Database Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Smithsonian's Department of Entomology database library offers 25 databases and bibliographies related to insects and entomology, collectively containing many thousands of records. The main page lists the databases available and describes most of them. The number of records indexed and available search options vary for each database or bibliography. Additional information on the Department of Entomology and its collections is available from the department's homepage.

1969-12-31

206

The ESA microgravity database.  

PubMed

To facilitate and optimise access to the results of previous microgravity experiments, ESA is establishing a Microgravity Database (MGDB). The database will give scientists access to descriptions of all experiments related to microgravity research carried out on ESA and NASA missions since the 1960s. MGDB incorporates both a local database available for PCs and Apple Macintoshes, and a remote database which can be accessed via the ESRIN Data Dissemination Network (DDN) and public X.25 networks. PMID:11541525

Jeanne, P; Scholz, J

1993-11-01

207

Mission and Assets Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mission and Assets Database (MADB) Version 1.0 is an SQL database system with a Web user interface to centralize information. The database stores flight project support resource requirements, view periods, antenna information, schedule, and forecast results for use in mid-range and long-term planning of Deep Space Network (DSN) assets.

Baldwin, John; Zendejas, Silvino; Gutheinz, Sandy; Borden, Chester; Wang, Yeou-Fang

2009-01-01

208

Decision Points for Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the selection of a database is a significant factor in the success and cost effectiveness of an online search, and provides guidelines for determining whether the content of a database is relevant for a particular search and whether the database is accessible, affordable, and suitable for the search. (LAE)

Basch, Reva

1992-01-01

209

Full-Text Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of the literature on full-text databases provides information on search strategy, performance measurement, and the benefits and limitations of full text compared to bibliographic database searching. Various use studies and uses of full-text databases are also listed. (21 references) (LAE)

Siddiqui, Moid A.

1991-01-01

210

Statistical database design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The security problem of a statistical database is to limit the use of the database so that no sequence of statistical queries is sufficient to deduce confidential or private information. In this paper it is suggested that the problem be investigated at the conceptual data model level. The design of a statistical database should utilize a statistical security management facility

Francis Y. L. Chin; Gultekin Ozsoyoglu

1981-01-01

211

Temporal database system implementations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although research on temporal database systems has been active for about 20 years, implementations have not appeared until recently. This is one reason why current commercial database systems provide only limited temporal functionality. This paper summarizes extant state of the art of temporal database implementations. Rather than being very specific about each system we have attempted to provide an indication

Michael H. Böhlen

1995-01-01

212

The Columbia grasp database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collecting grasp data for learning and bench- marking purposes is very expensive. It would be helpful to have a standard database of graspable objects, along with a set of stable grasps for each object, but no such database exists. In this work we show how to automate the construction of a database consisting of several hands, thousands of objects, and

Corey Goldfeder; Matei T. Ciocarlie; Hao Dang; Peter K. Allen

2009-01-01

213

DHQ Database Revision History  

Cancer.gov

The following details all additions and revisions made to the DHQ nutrient and food database. This revision history is provided as a reference for investigators who may have performed analyses with a previous release of the database. The contents of the current database are listed in Nutrient and Dietary Constituents and Pyramid Food Groups.

214

State medicaid coverage for tobacco cessation treatments and barriers to coverage - United States, 2008-2014.  

PubMed

Medicaid enrollees have a higher smoking prevalence than the general population (30.1% of adult Medicaid enrollees aged <65 years smoke, compared with 18.1% of U.S. adults of all ages), and smoking-related disease is a major contributor to increasing Medicaid costs. Evidence-based cessation treatments exist, including individual, group, and telephone counseling and seven Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved medications. A Healthy People 2020 objective (TU-8) calls for all state Medicaid programs to adopt comprehensive coverage of these treatments. However, most states do not provide such coverage. To monitor trends in state Medicaid cessation coverage, the American Lung Association collected data on coverage of all evidence-based cessation treatments except telephone counseling by state Medicaid programs (for a total of nine treatments), as well as data on barriers to accessing these treatments (such as charging copayments or limiting the number of covered quit attempts) from December 31, 2008, to January 31, 2014. As of 2014, all 50 states and the District of Columbia cover some cessation treatments for at least some Medicaid enrollees, but only seven states cover all nine treatments for all enrollees. Common barriers in 2014 include duration limits (40 states for at least some populations or plans), annual limits (37 states), prior authorization requirements (36 states), and copayments (35 states). Comparing 2008 with 2014, 33 states added treatments to coverage, and 22 states removed treatments from coverage; 26 states removed barriers to accessing treatments, and 29 states added new barriers. The evidence from previous analyses suggests that states could reduce smoking-related morbidity and health-care costs among Medicaid enrollees by providing Medicaid coverage for all evidence-based cessation treatments, removing all barriers to accessing these treatments, promoting the coverage, and monitoring its use. PMID:24670928

Singleterry, Jennifer; Jump, Zach; Lancet, Elizabeth; Babb, Stephen; MacNeil, Allison; Zhang, Lei

2014-03-28

215

New Worlds Observer: Orbit and Sky Coverage  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New Worlds Observer is an external occulter concept designed to detect optical wavelength light from Earth-like planets around solar neighborhood stars. NWO uses a multi-petal external occulter situated tens of thousands of kilometers away from a telescope to suppress the central starlight by a factor of greater than 1010 to allow direct exo-planet observation. Due to the large separation, the occulter needs to move large distances off orbit. We discuss possible orbits for NWO which achieves 4? steradian sky coverage during mission lifetime. In particular, we focus on an L2 Lissajous orbit which achieves full coverage every year, with an instantaneous 1.6? steradian viewing zone. We discuss the fuel requirements of slewing, alignment, and stationkeeping.

Lo, Amy; Malmstrom, R.; Guilmette, T.

2006-12-01

216

Energy usage for UGVs executing coverage tasks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Proper management of the available on-board battery power is critical for reliable UGV operations. In this paper, we will focus on the task of area coverage - in which a UGV is required to move through an area and travel within a certain distance of each point - with limited available energy. We compare coverage paths generated by existing methods and generate optimal trajectories by using a novel cost function. Using an iRobot Packbot, we present results showing dierences in energy usage while following these trajectories. We also compare the energy usage of the Packbot while traveling at a dierent velocities. Our results show that it is more ecient, when traveling at a constant velocity, to travel at a faster velocity by computing the ratio of the energy used to distance traveled.

Broderick, John; Tilbury, Dawn; Atkins, Ella

2012-05-01

217

Improving Loran Coverage with Low Power Transmitters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Enhanced Loran (eLoran) is currently being implemented to provide back up to global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) in many critical and essential applications. In order to accomplish this, eLoran needs to provide a high level of availability throughout its desired coverage area. While the current Loran system is generally capable of accomplishing this, worldwide, there remain a number of known areas where improved coverage is desirable or necessary. One example is in the middle of the continental United States where the transmitter density is not adequate for providing the desired availability for applications such as aviation in some parts. This paper examines the use of lower power, existing assets such as differential GPS (DGPS) and Ground Wave Emergency Network (GWEN) stations to enhance coverage and fill these gaps. Two areas covered by the paper are the feasibility and performance benefits of using the antennas at these sites.Using DGPS, GWEN or other existing low frequency (LF) broadcast towers requires the consideration of several factors. The first is the ability of the transmitting equipment to efficiently broadcast on these antennas, which are significantly shorter than those at a Loran station. Recent tests at the US Coast Guard Loran Support Unit (LSU) demonstrated the performance of a more efficient transmitter. This technology allows for the effective use of smaller antennas at lower power levels. Second is the ability to broadcast a navigation signal that is compatible with the Loran system and the potential DPGS broadcast (when using a DGPS antenna). The paper examines some possibilities for navigation signals. The goal is to develop a suitable low power signal that enhances navigation and is feasible for the transmission system.The second part of the paper examines the benefits of using these stations. The benefits depend on the location of the stations and the ability seamlessly to integrate them within the existing Loran infrastructure. Analysis of these factors is presented and the coverage benefits are examined.

Lo, Sherman C.; Peterson, Benjamin B.; Hardy, Tim; Enge, Per K.

218

Medicare coverage analysis: avoiding compliance pitfalls.  

PubMed

Healthcare finance leaders should take the following steps to ensure the eligibility of a clinical study for Medicare coverage: Centralize the process of collecting and archiving all relative components, such as protocol, consent, sponsor budgets, and contracts. Establish a standard operating process from the time a provider sees a patient to how the service is documented and communicated to payers. Provide ongoing education to staff and research personnel to mitigate the risk of mistakes. PMID:22420135

Morillo, Alex

2012-03-01

219

Impacts of palatal coverage on bolus formation during mastication and swallowing and subsequent adaptive changes.  

PubMed

Palatal coverage is often required for elderly edentulous patients with complete dentures. The purpose of this study was to clarify impacts of palatal coverage on bolus formation and subsequent adaptive changes. Subjects were 18 healthy young dentulous adults who wore 1·5-mm-thick palatal plates. Subjects were asked to feed 12 g of bicoloured rice as usual, and the bolus formation by mastication and swallowing in the pharynx was observed using a nasal videoendoscopy. The bolus formation index (BFI), number of mastication strokes until swallowing, visual analogue scale about swallowing easiness and masticatory performance using colour-changeable gum were measured under three conditions: before placement of the palatal plate (day 0), immediately after placement (day 1) and after 7 days of wearing the plate (day 7). BFI and visual analogue scale on day 1 were significantly lower than those on day 0, but those on day 7 significantly recovered to the level of day 0. The number of mastication strokes did not change from day 0 to day 1, however, that on day 7 was significantly higher. Masticatory performance on days 1 and 7 was significantly lower than that on day 0. Although palatal coverage inhibits bolus formation during feeding, subjects increased the number of mastication strokes until swallowing threshold as they adapted to palatal coverage over time. This adaptive change was due to compensate for the lowered masticatory performance to achieve bolus formation for comfortable swallowing. PMID:23927717

Sato, T; Furuya, J; Tamada, Y; Kondo, H

2013-10-01

220

Human Mitochondrial Protein Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Human Mitochondrial Protein Database (HMPDb) conveniently consolidates information from a number of other databases, including GenBank, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, and the Human Mitochondrial Genome Database. HMPDb "is intended as a tool not only to aid in studying the mitochondrion but in studying the associated diseases" as well. Features include a general database search, a graphical tool for visualizing the mitochondrial DNA sequences, and 3D structures for mitochondrial proteins. Users are welcome to contact the National Institute of Standards and Technology with corrections or other information relating to the database.

221

Secure wildcard searchable database  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A system and method for providing access to data stored in encrypted form in a physically non-secure database without compromising security of the data in the physically non-secure database is disclosed. A representation of at least some of the data from the database in unencrypted form is stored in volatile memory associated with the server. The wildcard search is performed on the representation. Search results are displayed to the user to allow the user to select database contents to be retrieved. The user's selection is retrieved from the database and decrypted. Finally, the unencrypted selection results are provided to the user.

2013-10-01

222

Emergency room coverage: an evolving crisis.  

PubMed

Historically, a newly graduated plastic surgeon in the United States could build a practice from his or her emergency room coverage. The historical cliche was for the surgeon to be affable, able, and available, and from that basis one's practice would grow. Emergency room exposure was an avenue for starting a practice, developing recognition, and, after that, building a referral pattern. Recently, the cross-shifting influence of management care, rising malpractice insurance costs, and risk ratio are changing this cliche to a crisis. An evaluation of a 2 1/2-year exposure to emergency room coverage has revealed a completely different profile. A total of 300 patient visits resulting in 69 surgical operations were evaluated for insurance and remuneration history. The findings indicated a significant remuneration dilemma for emergency room coverage. Interestingly, a remuneration problem exists in a market different from what one would expect. In this study, a sample from a suburban hospital, rather than an inner-city university hospital, is the greater problem. PMID:15277813

Davison, Steven P

2004-08-01

223

ETC Spills Technology Databases: Oil Properties Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental Technology Center of Environment Canada provides a database which contains various properties of crude oils and petroleum products. In addition to the listing of oils, the database reports properties "which will likely determine the environmental behavior and effects of spilled oil." The user may select an oil from a pull-down menu that lists 412 oils. The data are organized into tables in the following areas: Origin, API Gravity, Density, Pour Point, Dynamic Viscosity, Hydrocarbon Groups, and Distillation.

Fieldhouse, B.; Fingas, M.; Jokuty, P.; Lambert, P.; Mullin, J.; Wang, Z.

224

An Introduction to Database Structure and Database Machines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enumerates principal management objectives of database management systems (data independence, quality, security, multiuser access, central control) and criteria for comparison (response time, size, flexibility, other features). Conventional database management systems, relational databases, and database machines used for backend processing are…

Detweiler, Karen

1984-01-01

225

Raintree: Tropical Plant Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by Raintree, the Tropical Plant Database is authored and maintained by Board Certified Naturopath, Ms. Leslie Taylor to provide accurate information about rainforest plants and to help promote rainforest conservation. Including over 300 pages of documentation on rainforest plants and very well-organized, the Tropical Plant Database lists plants by Common name, Botanical name, Ethnic uses, and Action/disorder. The Database File for each plant includes an illustration and information about family, genus, species, common names, plant description, and more. Visitors can link to great illustrations and photos as well as web resources for each plant including Medline Abstracts, W3 TROPICOS Database, Ethnobotany Database, and Phtyochem Database among others. Plant Database File pages include references as well.

2007-06-15

226

Testing systems database specification  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has been contracted by the Navy Personnel Research and Development Center (NPRDC) to provide software for enhancing the NPRDC CAMP Facility. The objectives of this Database Specification are to provide the Database Administrator, maintenance programmers, and users with the following: a reference to the database design and data tables in the database, a description of the data flow when loaded into the database, a list of storage requirements for the database and support programs, and a discussion of the security issues involved. This paper describes the database: its name, physical system, availability, storage requirements, organization, data loading logic, data modification, support programs, and security. Also defined are the data tables and elements that compose the TSD.

Caplinger, J.T.; Corrigan, A.L.; Olander, M.

1989-05-01

227

Measles vaccine coverage and factors related to uncompleted vaccination among 18-month-old and 36-month-old children in Kyoto, Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Due to low vaccine coverage, Japan has not only experienced outbreaks of measles but has also been exporting it overseas. This study aims to survey measles vaccine coverage and the factors uncompleted vaccination among community-living children. METHODS: Subjects were the parents whose children had undergone either an 18-month or a 36-month checkup publicly provided by Kyoto City during November

Takayo Matsumura; Takeo Nakayama; Shigeru Okamoto; Hideko Ito

2005-01-01

228

42 CFR 457.430 - Benchmark-equivalent health benefits coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Benchmark-equivalent coverage is health benefits coverage that has an aggregate...410(b), benchmark-equivalent health benefits coverage must include coverage...coverage for prescription drugs, mental health services, vision services...

2013-10-01

229

Assessment of vaccine coverage following the introduction of a publicly funded pneumococcal vaccine program for the elderly in Victoria, Australia.  

PubMed

In 1998, a publicly funded pneumococcal vaccine program was introduced for persons aged > or = 65 years in Victoria, Australia. In 2000, vaccine coverage over the previous 5 years was assessed through a telephone survey of 385 randomly selected subjects aged > or = 65 years. Self-reported pneumococcal vaccine coverage within the previous 5 years was 46.0% (95% CI 40.5-51.6). Self-report was validated against the medical records of the nominated provider for 278 (72%) subjects. Among this subgroup, self-reported coverage was 51.1% but was 57.9% according to medical records (positive predictive value 91.5%, negative predictive value 77.2%, sensitivity 80.7%, specificity 89.7%). After accounting for response bias among those subjects for whom self-report was not validated, the revised estimate of pneumococcal vaccine coverage within the previous 5 years was 50.5% (95% CI 44.8-56.1). Comparison of vaccine coverage over time suggests the introduction of the publicly funded program in Victoria has dramatically increased coverage among the elderly. PMID:15780723

Andrews, Ross M

2005-04-15

230

Database description with SDM: a semantic database model  

Microsoft Academic Search

SDM is a high-level semantics-based database description and structuring formalism (database model) for databases. This database model is designed to capture more of the meaning of an application environment than is possible with contemporary database models. An SDM specification describes a database in terms of the kinds of entities that exist in the application environment, the classifications and groupings of

Michael M. Hammer; Dennis Mc Leod

1981-01-01

231

University of Florida Smathers Libraries: Subject Guides  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Smathers Libraries at the University of Florida offer Internet subject guides for a wide array of topics in the social sciences and humanities. There are 22 subject guides posted in the humanities and 28 in the social sciences. Not all of the subject guides are constructed the same, but the majority feature links to subject guides and indices, databases, bibliographies, e-texts, discipline-specific organizations, and "other resources." Sometimes these links are annotated, sometimes not. Regardless, these regularly updated guides are constructed by subject specialists and provide very solid links to substantial and reputable resources.

232

The rate of growth in scientific publication and the decline in coverage provided by Science Citation Index  

PubMed Central

The growth rate of scientific publication has been studied from 1907 to 2007 using available data from a number of literature databases, including Science Citation Index (SCI) and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI). Traditional scientific publishing, that is publication in peer-reviewed journals, is still increasing although there are big differences between fields. There are no indications that the growth rate has decreased in the last 50 years. At the same time publication using new channels, for example conference proceedings, open archives and home pages, is growing fast. The growth rate for SCI up to 2007 is smaller than for comparable databases. This means that SCI was covering a decreasing part of the traditional scientific literature. There are also clear indications that the coverage by SCI is especially low in some of the scientific areas with the highest growth rate, including computer science and engineering sciences. The role of conference proceedings, open access archives and publications published on the net is increasing, especially in scientific fields with high growth rates, but this has only partially been reflected in the databases. The new publication channels challenge the use of the big databases in measurements of scientific productivity or output and of the growth rate of science. Because of the declining coverage and this challenge it is problematic that SCI has been used and is used as the dominant source for science indicators based on publication and citation numbers. The limited data available for social sciences show that the growth rate in SSCI was remarkably low and indicate that the coverage by SSCI was declining over time. National Science Indicators from Thomson Reuters is based solely on SCI, SSCI and Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI). Therefore the declining coverage of the citation databases problematizes the use of this source.

von Ins, Markus

2010-01-01

233

The rate of growth in scientific publication and the decline in coverage provided by Science Citation Index.  

PubMed

The growth rate of scientific publication has been studied from 1907 to 2007 using available data from a number of literature databases, including Science Citation Index (SCI) and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI). Traditional scientific publishing, that is publication in peer-reviewed journals, is still increasing although there are big differences between fields. There are no indications that the growth rate has decreased in the last 50 years. At the same time publication using new channels, for example conference proceedings, open archives and home pages, is growing fast. The growth rate for SCI up to 2007 is smaller than for comparable databases. This means that SCI was covering a decreasing part of the traditional scientific literature. There are also clear indications that the coverage by SCI is especially low in some of the scientific areas with the highest growth rate, including computer science and engineering sciences. The role of conference proceedings, open access archives and publications published on the net is increasing, especially in scientific fields with high growth rates, but this has only partially been reflected in the databases. The new publication channels challenge the use of the big databases in measurements of scientific productivity or output and of the growth rate of science. Because of the declining coverage and this challenge it is problematic that SCI has been used and is used as the dominant source for science indicators based on publication and citation numbers. The limited data available for social sciences show that the growth rate in SSCI was remarkably low and indicate that the coverage by SSCI was declining over time. National Science Indicators from Thomson Reuters is based solely on SCI, SSCI and Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI). Therefore the declining coverage of the citation databases problematizes the use of this source. PMID:20700371

Larsen, Peder Olesen; von Ins, Markus

2010-09-01

234

42 CFR 438.210 - Coverage and authorization of services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE...Assessment and Performance Improvement Access Standards § 438...Coverage and authorization of services. (a) Coverage....

2013-10-01

235

20 CFR 404.1205 - Absolute coverage groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Absolute coverage groups. 404.1205 Section 404.1205 ...Employees of State and Local Governments What Groups of Employees May Be Covered § 404.1205 Absolute coverage groups. (a) General. An absolute...

2013-04-01

236

20 CFR 404.1207 - Divided retirement system coverage groups.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Divided retirement system coverage groups. 404.1207 Section 404.1207 ...Employees of State and Local Governments What Groups of Employees May Be Covered § 404.1207 Divided retirement system coverage groups. (a) General. Under...

2013-04-01

237

Medicare Coverage of Kidney Dialysis and Kidney Transplant Services  

MedlinePLUS

... sign up for Medicare. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 When Medicare coverage begins. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 If you’re on dialysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 If ... 12 Section 1—Medicare basics When Medicare coverage begins If you’re on dialysis When you enroll ...

238

42 CFR 440.330 - Benchmark health benefits coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 4 2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Benchmark health benefits coverage. 440.330 Section...PROGRAMS SERVICES: GENERAL PROVISIONS Subpart C-Benchmark Benefit and Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.330...

2009-10-01

239

42 CFR 440.330 - Benchmark health benefits coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Benchmark health benefits coverage. 440.330 Section...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS SERVICES: GENERAL PROVISIONS Benchmark Benefit and Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.330...

2010-10-01

240

29 CFR 2590.701-5 - Evidence of creditable coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the expiration of any grace period for nonpayment of premiums). (1 ) The cessation of temporary continuation coverage (TCC) under Title 5 U.S.C. Chapter 89 (the Federal Employees Health Benefit Program) is a cessation of coverage upon...

2010-07-01

241

26 CFR 54.9801-5 - Evidence of creditable coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the expiration of any grace period for nonpayment of premiums). (1 ) The cessation of temporary continuation coverage (TCC) under Title 5 U.S.C. Chapter 89 (the Federal Employees Health Benefit Program) is a cessation of coverage upon...

2009-04-01

242

50 CFR 622.52 - At-sea observer coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FISHERIES OF THE CARIBBEAN, GULF OF MEXICO, AND SOUTH ATLANTIC Shrimp Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico § 622.52 At-sea observer coverage. (a) Required coverage. A vessel...

2013-10-01

243

47 CFR 1.946 - Construction and coverage requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Construction and coverage requirements...COMMISSION GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Grants...Procedures § 1.946 Construction and coverage requirements. (a) Construction and commencement of...

2013-10-01

244

5 CFR 846.703 - Effective date of FERS coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-ELECTIONS OF COVERAGE 1998 Open Enrollment Elections § 846.703 Effective date of FERS coverage...or (b) The first day of the pay period beginning after July 1,...

2010-01-01

245

44 CFR 61.4 - Limitations on coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INSURANCE AND HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program INSURANCE COVERAGE AND RATES § 61.4 Limitations on coverage. All flood insurance made...

2013-10-01

246

29 CFR 553.3 - Coverage-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...coverage to State and local government employees engaged in the operation of hospitals, nursing homes, schools, and mass transit systems. (2) In 1972, the Education Amendments further extended coverage to employees of public preschools....

2013-07-01

247

COUNTY BOUNDARIES AND P.L.94-171 COVERAGE AND DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

"In December 1975, Congress passed Public Law (P.L.) 94-171. It specifies that within 1 year after Census Day, the Census Bureau must send all State legislatures and Governors the data they need to redefine districts for the State legislature. State officials may, of course...

248

29 CFR 776.14 - Elements of âproductionâ coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Elements of âproductionâ coverage. 776.14...of Goods for Commerceâ § 776.14 Elements of âproductionâ coverage. Sections 6...definitions, there are three interrelated elements of coverage to be considered in...

2013-07-01

249

ATACOBOL: A COBOL Test Coverage Analysis Tool and Its Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

A coverage testing tool ATACOBOL (Automatic Test Analysis for COBOL) that applies data flow coverage technique is developed for software development on IBM System\\/390 mainframe. We show that the data flow coverage criteria can identify possible problematic paths that maps to the actual testing semantic required by Y2K compliance software testing. However, the mainframe environment lacks testing tools that equip

Sam K. S. Sze; Michael R. Lyu

2000-01-01

250

Assessment of SeaWiFS and MODIS Ocean Coverage.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Ocean coverages of SeaWiFS and MODIS were assessed for three seasons by considering monthly mean values of surface winds speeds and cloud cover. Mean and maximum coverages combined SeaWiFS and MODIS by considering combined coverages for ten-degree increme...

R. H. Woodward W. W. Gregg

1998-01-01

251

Three-dimensional analysis of Deep Space Network antenna coverage  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a need to understand NASA's Deep Space Network (DSN) coverage gaps and any limitations to provide redundant communication coverage for future deep space missions, especially for manned missions to Moon and Mars. The DSN antennas are required to provide continuous communication coverage for deep space flights, interplanetary missions, and deep space scientific observations. The DSN consists of ground

Obadiah Kegege; Michael Fuentes; Nicholas Meyer; Amy Sil

2012-01-01

252

Please do not disturb! Minimum interference coverage for social robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we address the problem of human-aware coverage planning. We first present an approach to learn and model human activity events in a probabilistic spatio-temporal map using spatial Poisson processes. We then propose a coverage planner for paths that minimize the interference probability with people. To this end, we pose the coverage problem as an asymmetric traveling salesman

Gian Diego Tipaldi; Kai O. Arras

2011-01-01

253

46 CFR 154.1155 - Hand hose line: Coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Hand hose line: Coverage. 154.1155 Section...Firefighting System: Dry Chemical § 154.1155 Hand hose line: Coverage. The coverage for the area for a hand hose line under § 154.1150 must not...

2013-10-01

254

Acute Toxicity Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This searchable database (by species or chemical) from the US Geological Survey was initially developed in 1986 using some 4,900 acute toxicity tests (since 1969) with 410 chemicals and 66 species of aquatic animals. Two databases may be viewed online (or downloaded): the ID Database (CSV format), including Chemical ID, Chemical Name, Units of Measure, Use of Chemical, and CAS number, and Acute Toxicity Test Results Database, a CSV file with acute toxicity data by Chemical ID. Also available onsite is the "Manual of Acute Toxicity: Interpretation and DataBase for 410 Chemicals and 66 Species of Freshwater Animals." The manual describes the database structure and contents, data quality, and metadata reference information.

255

Rainfall Simulation Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Geomorphological Research Group maintains this rainfall simulation database site. The database includes information about rainfall simulators, as well as their set-up and use. Currently, the database is divided into laboratory, field, and dual-purpose (lab and field) rainfall simulators. For each simulator in the database, users will find information on: "Simulator identification; Contact information; Specification of simulator; performance of simulator; Table of intensities and rainfall characteristics; Costs; Summary of research conducted using the simulator; Publications; and Additional comments." A section on simulation calibration is planned, and a form is provided for those wishing to contribute simulators to the database. A lengthy selection of related references adds to the utility of the database.

256

Medicare Coverage Policies for New Medical Technologies  

Cancer.gov

C E N T E R S F O R M E D I C A R E & M E D I C A I D S E R V I C E S ( C M S ) C E N T E R F O R C L I N I C A L S TA N D A R D S & Q U A L I T Y C O V E R A G E & A N A L Y S I S G R O U P Medicare Coverage Policies for New Medical

257

Medicare drug coverage and moral hazard.  

PubMed

This paper explores the effect of more extensive drug coverage in Medicare on the use of and spending for prescription drugs and considers whether any additional use is likely to represent satisfaction of previously unmet needs or whether it represents yet more overuse. Reasonable estimates of the effect on spending strongly suggest that the spending increase will be small and that some of it will go to beneficiaries who do not face high financial barriers at present. Thus, from the viewpoint of improvements in health, national spending on drugs, or pharmaceutical firm revenues, effects are small. The effects of such programs on Medicare's fiscal future are much more important. PMID:15002634

Pauly, Mark V

2004-01-01

258

2010 Worldwide Gasification Database  

DOE Data Explorer

The 2010 Worldwide Gasification Database describes the current world gasification industry and identifies near-term planned capacity additions. The database lists gasification projects and includes information (e.g., plant location, number and type of gasifiers, syngas capacity, feedstock, and products). The database reveals that the worldwide gasification capacity has continued to grow for the past several decades and is now at 70,817 megawatts thermal (MWth) of syngas output at 144 operating plants with a total of 412 gasifiers.

259

Column oriented Database Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Column-oriented database systems (column-stores) have attracted a lot of attention in the past few years. Column-stores, in a nutshell, store each database table column separately, with attribute values belonging to the same column stored contiguously, compressed, and densely packed, as opposed to traditional database systems that store entire records (rows) one after the other. Reading a subset of a table's

Daniel J. Abadi; Peter A. Boncz; Stavros Harizopoulos

2009-01-01

260

Protecting Noncreative Databases: H.R. 3261, 108th Congress, First Session (2003).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Copyright law protects works of authorship that exhibit original, creative expression, including creativity in the selection, arrangement, or coordination of both traditional and automated databases. Noncreative databases are not subject to protection aga...

R. Jeweler

2004-01-01

261

Constructing a Population-Based Research Database from Routine Maternal Screening Records: A Resource for Studying Alloimmunization in Pregnant Women  

PubMed Central

Background Although screening for maternal red blood cell antibodies during pregnancy is a standard procedure, the prevalence and clinical consequences of non-anti-D immunization are poorly understood. The objective was to create a national database of maternal antibody screening results that can be linked with population health registers to create a research resource for investigating these issues. Study Design and Methods Each birth in the Swedish Medical Birth Register was uniquely identified and linked to the text stored in routine maternal antibody screening records in the time window from 9 months prior to 2 weeks after the delivery date. These text records were subjected to a computerized search for specific antibodies using regular expressions. To illustrate the research potential of the resulting database, selected antibody prevalence rates are presented as tables and figures, and the complete data (from more than 60 specific antibodies) presented as online moving graphical displays. Results More than one million (1,191,761) births with valid screening information from 1982–2002 constitute the study population. Computerized coverage of screening increased steadily over time and varied by region as electronic records were adopted. To ensure data quality, we restricted analysis to birth records in areas and years with a sustained coverage of at least 80%, representing 920,903 births from 572,626 mothers in 17 of the 24 counties in Sweden. During the study period, non-anti-D and anti-D antibodies occurred in 76.8/10,000 and 14.1/10,000 pregnancies respectively, with marked differences between specific antibodies over time. Conclusion This work demonstrates the feasibility of creating a nationally representative research database from the routine maternal antibody screening records from an extended calendar period. By linkage with population registers of maternal and child health, such data are a valuable resource for addressing important clinical questions, such as the etiological significance of non-anti-D antibodies.

Zhang, Zhongxing; Gryfelt, Gunilla; Wikman, Agneta; Reilly, Marie

2011-01-01

262

Howard Besser's T-Shirt Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the Berkeley Digital Library SunSITE has been home to a wide variety of searchable image collections, the recent addition of a T-Shirt Database is both a demonstration in cataloging realia as well an interesting glimpse at popular culture as depicted through t-shirt graphics. This database was constructed by Howard Besser's library school students and provides access to over 530 t-shirt images, searchable by title, artist, subject, description, and background color. Users may also search the database by selecting from a list of over 80 subjects, ranging from Academic to Pop Culture and War. Search results include thumbnail images of the t-shirts, catalog record information, as well as a link to larger views of each image. Howard Besser is Associate Professor at UCLA's School of Education and Information Studies.

263

Medicare Coverage for Patients With Diabetes  

PubMed Central

The prevalence of diabetes in the U.S. Medicare population is growing at an alarming rate. From 1980 to 2004, the number of people aged 65 or older with diagnosed diabetes increased from 2.3 million to 5.8 million. According to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS), 32% of Medicare spending is attributed to the diabetes population. Since its inception, Medicare has expanded medical coverage of monitoring devices, screening tests and visits, educational efforts, and preventive medical services for its diabetic enrollees. However, oral antidiabetic agents and insulin were excluded from reimbursement. In 2003, Congress passed the Medicare Modernization Act that includes a drug benefit to be administered either through Medicare Advantage drug plans or privately sponsored prescription drug plans for implementation in January 2006. In this article we highlight key patient and drug plan characteristics and resources that providers may focus upon to assist their patients choose a coverage plan. Using a case example, we illustrate the variable financial impact the adoption of Medicare part D may have on beneficiaries with diabetes due to their economic status. We further discuss the potential consequences the legislation will have on diabetic patients enrolled in Medicare, their providers, prescribing strategies, and the diabetes market.

Ashkenazy, R; Abrahamson, MJ

2006-01-01

264

Universal health coverage and user charges.  

PubMed

There has been an explosion of interest in the concept of ‘universal health coverage’, fuelled by publication of the World Health Report 2010. This paper argues that the system of user charges for health services is a fundamental determinant of levels of coverage. A charge can lead to a loss of utility in two ways. Citizens who are deterred from using services by the charge will suffer an adverse health impact. And citizens who use the service will suffer a loss of wealth. The role of social health insurance is threefold: to reduce households’ financial risk associated with sickness; to promote enhanced access to needed health services; and to contribute to societal equity objectives, through an implicit financial transfer from rich to poor and healthy to sick. In principle, an optimal user charge policy can ensure that the social health insurance funds are used to best effect in pursuit of these objectives. This paper calls for a fundamental rethink of attitudes and policy towards user charges. PMID:23962575

Smith, Peter C

2013-10-01

265

Analysis of a Bibliographic Database Enhanced with a Library Classification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project that examined the effects of incorporating subject terms from the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) into a bibliographic database. It is concluded that the incorporation of DDC and possibly other library classifications into online catalogs can enhance subject access and provide additional subject searching strategies. (11…

Drabenstott, Karen Markey; And Others

1990-01-01

266

Laypersons' Choices and Deliberations for Mental Health Coverage  

PubMed Central

Insurance coverage for mental health services has historically lagged behind other types of health services. We used a simulation exercise in which groups of laypersons deliberate about healthcare tradeoffs. Groups deciding for their ‘‘community’’ were more likely to select mental health coverage than individuals. Individual prioritization of mental health coverage, however, increased after group discussion. Participants discussed: value, cost and perceived need for mental health coverage, moral hazard and community benefit. A deliberative exercise in priority-setting led a significant proportion of persons to reconsider decisions about coverage for mental health services. Deliberations illustrated public-spiritedness, stigma and significant polarity of views.

Baum, Nancy; Danis, Marion; Biddle, Andrea; Goold, Susan

2013-01-01

267

Medicare program; national coverage decisions--HCFA. General notice.  

PubMed

This notice lists those current Medicare national coverage decisions which have been issued in the Medicare Coverage Issues Manual (HCFA Pub. 6). These national coverage decisions are also widely distributed through the U.S. Government Printing Office, the National Technical Information Service, and private publishers such as the Commerce Clearing House. From time to time, some of the individual decisions have been published in the Federal Register. In this Federal Register notice, HCFA is publishing a compilation of these national coverage decisions. We will publish subsequent national coverage decisions in the Federal Register on a quarterly basis. PMID:10303750

1989-08-21

268

Conversion of geologic quadrangle maps to geologic coverages  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Three hundred sixty-eight geologic map$ of 7-1/2 minute quadrangles in Tennessee were coverted to geographic information system (GIS) coverages. The procedure used was documented and a list was made of the quadrangles included in the coverages. Maps were converted to GIS coverages by making film copies of scribecoats of the maps. The film copies were scanned, vectorized, and written into a generate format. Coverage polygons were tagged with symbels to identify geologic units, and coverage lines were tagged with line types to designate stratigraphic contacts.

Connell, Joseph F.; Barron, William R.; Mitchell, Reavis L.

1994-01-01

269

Telemedical database of Hodgkin's disease.  

PubMed

The creation of a complex telemedical system oriented towards childhood Hodgkin's disease has been undertaken at the Department of Bioinformatics and Telemedicine of the Jagiellonian University Medical College in cooperation with the Department of Oncology and Pediatric Hematology of the Polish-American Institute of Pediatrics, JU MC. Data collecting, data processing and data transmission is aimed to aid and/or supervise surgical and drug treatment. The Tele-Database of Childhood Hodgkin's Disease (TDCHD) is not a simple Internet database project. A few hundred data items are presented in each patient's record, covering the complete medical treatment period. Efficient management and proper data protection are necessary for a medical database. Therefore, the interface for entering data has been divided into several parts. Each part is subjected to separate editing and transfer. A double-layer debugging system has been applied in the program: the first pass occurs on the client side (programmed in JavaScript and XML), the second - on the server side (programmed in PHP). Strict authorization is requested for all participants. Clinical data collected according to management standards and information governance (data quality, security and confidentiality) is organized in a way that facilitates practical and scientific use. PMID:15718594

Walecki, Piotr; Sarapata, Krzysztof; Laso?, Wojciech; Pyrczak, Wies?aw; Roterman-Konieczna, Irena; Balwierz, Walentyna

2004-01-01

270

History of Maine Fisheries Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A number of institutions have begun to expand their digital collections in order to include lesser-known subjects, and the University of Maine's Raymond H. Fogler Library continues to expand their online offerings with this intriguing collection. Drawing on the holdings of institutions like the Machias Historical Society, the Maine Maritime Museum, and the Maine State Archives, their digital collections team has created this History of Maine Fisheries database. There aren't any subject headings or sample searches on the site, but it is still quite easy to use. Visitors can use the keyword search to locate materials of interest, and they can also set date parameters to look for materials from a given time period. To get started, visitors might try typing in words like "lobster", "fleet", and "Bangor".

271

First Look--The Biobusiness Database.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents overview prepared by producer of database newly available in 1985 that covers six broad subject areas: genetic engineering and bioprocessing, pharmaceuticals, medical technology and instrumentation, agriculture, energy and environment, and food and beverages. Background, indexing, record format, use of BioBusiness, and 1986 enhancements…

Cunningham, Ann Marie

1986-01-01

272

Fifty Years of Ornithological Coverage at SRS: What Species and Groups Have Fallen Through the Cracks?  

SciTech Connect

The extensive databases on avian species developed at SRS over the last fifty years have been significant. The authors identified that temporal periods and higher taxonomic groups have received little or no coverage. Waterfowl and water birds have been adequately covered as have the three endangered species. Extensive terrestrial monitoring was initiated in the 1990's. Two groups are singled out for study include raptors and cavity nesters. Aerial foragers and nocturnal species have received little attention. Recommendations are made to compare on-site and off-site populations through partnerships.

McCallum, D.A.; Leatherman, S.; Mayer, J.J.

2000-10-01

273

Automating database management for distributed database systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The management of large databases can be a time consuming and tedious task without tools to automate the process. In order to facilitata the process, a database design philosophy which is consistent with application objectives must be adopted. The Planetary Plasma Interactions (PPI) Node of the Planetary Data System (PDS) provides users with a software application which allows for rapid retrieval (for examination or extraction) of datasets which are distributed and which may exist in more than one location simultaneously. In addition, the application software, which interacts with both a local and a centralized database management system (dbms) via a client-server architecture, also is distributed. The basic problem lies in keeping all of the information current in a dynamic data environment so that the application software, regardless of its location, can access any data in the system with the greatest possible throughput. In addressing this problem the PDS/PPI Node has adopted a standardized architecture [2] and has chosen to package data management information with the data themselves as a set of detached relational flatfiles. At the PDS/PPI Node automated dbms tools are being developed which update both local and central management systems by using the information provided along with the datasets. This information can be stored in any relational database system or it can be accessed and manipulated outside of a dbms. Science data are not maintained under direct dbms control.

Joy, Steven P.; King, Todd A.; Walker, Raymond J.

1993-08-01

274

Physical database design for relational databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the concepts used in the implementation of DBDSGN, an experimental physical design tool for relational databases developed at the IBM San Jose Research Laboratory. Given a workload for System R (consisting of a set of SQL statements and their execution frequencies), DBDSGN suggests physical configurations for efficient performance. Each configuration consists of a set of indices and

Sheldon J. Finkelstein; Mario Schkolnick; Paolo Tiberio

1988-01-01

275

Learning, knowledge building, and subject matter knowledge in school science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following a theoretical analysis of constructivist approaches to collaborative learning, a curriculum development model, the Learning to Knowledge Building Model, is proposed. Two empirical studies of student work with Computer Supported Intentional Learning Environment (CSILE) are then presented; these lend support to the model and explicate in detail the nature and extent of the knowledge developed by elementary school students. The first study is a content analysis of a database developed by a combined Grade 5/6 class as part of a unit on heat and matter, conducted after the children completed their work; the analysis assumes the point of view of a subject matter specialist in the field of the students' inquiry. The second study was conducted while the students' investigation was in progress, and takes the point of view of curriculum coverage; it involved a teacher who used a different model of database use, as well as different subject matter. The proposed LKB model is based on a distinction Bereiter and Scardamalia (1996a) have made between learning and knowledge building (i.e., progressive collaborative problem solving); its aim is to support the design and planning of curriculum units and classroom practices in which knowledge building is central. An important feature of the model is the attention given to ensuring that students learn to evaluate their knowledge and to ask the questions that can advance shared knowledge. Among the findings of the first study are: (a) students who wrote more notes that explicated their commonsense knowledge early in the unit, by means of mixed framework notes, tended to write more notes of high scientific merit later; (b) some of the students in this category tried out their ideas in diverse problem contexts; and (c) they tended to dominate the discussions they started. The second study provides additional insight into the role of the teacher, and the potential role of subject matter specialists, in knowledge building; it also provides a complex picture of the class's performance and the extent to which the various probes used revealed different aspects of this complexity.

van Aalst, Jan Cornelis Wouterus

276

Patrocles: a database of polymorphic miRNA-mediated gene regulation in vertebrates  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Patrocles database (http:\\/\\/www.patrocles.org\\/) compiles DNA sequence polymorphisms (DSPs) that are predicted to perturb miRNA-mediated gene regulation. Distinctive features include: (i) the coverage of seven vertebrate species in its present release, aiming for more when information becomes available, (ii) the coverage of the three compart- ments involved in the silencing process (i.e. targets, miRNA precursors and silencing machin- ery), (iii)

Samuel Hiard; Carole Charlier; Wouter Coppieters; Michel Georges; Denis Baurain

2010-01-01

277

The Pfam protein families database  

PubMed Central

Pfam is a widely used database of protein families, currently containing more than 13?000 manually curated protein families as of release 26.0. Pfam is available via servers in the UK (http://pfam.sanger.ac.uk/), the USA (http://pfam.janelia.org/) and Sweden (http://pfam.sbc.su.se/). Here, we report on changes that have occurred since our 2010 NAR paper (release 24.0). Over the last 2?years, we have generated 1840 new families and increased coverage of the UniProt Knowledgebase (UniProtKB) to nearly 80%. Notably, we have taken the step of opening up the annotation of our families to the Wikipedia community, by linking Pfam families to relevant Wikipedia pages and encouraging the Pfam and Wikipedia communities to improve and expand those pages. We continue to improve the Pfam website and add new visualizations, such as the ‘sunburst’ representation of taxonomic distribution of families. In this work we additionally address two topics that will be of particular interest to the Pfam community. First, we explain the definition and use of family-specific, manually curated gathering thresholds. Second, we discuss some of the features of domains of unknown function (also known as DUFs), which constitute a rapidly growing class of families within Pfam.

Punta, Marco; Coggill, Penny C.; Eberhardt, Ruth Y.; Mistry, Jaina; Tate, John; Boursnell, Chris; Pang, Ningze; Forslund, Kristoffer; Ceric, Goran; Clements, Jody; Heger, Andreas; Holm, Liisa; Sonnhammer, Erik L. L.; Eddy, Sean R.; Bateman, Alex; Finn, Robert D.

2012-01-01

278

Wide-Field Plate Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Wide-Field Plate Database (WFPDB) and the possibilities for its application as a research tool in observational astronomy are presented. Currently the WFPDB comprises the descriptive data for 400 000 archival wide field photographic plates obtained with 77 instruments, from a total of 1 850 000 photographs stored in 269 astronomical archives all over the world since the end of last century. The WFPDB is already accessible for the astronomical community, now only in batch mode through user requests sent by e-mail. We are working on on-line interactive access to the data via INTERNET from Sofia and parallel from the Centre de Donnees Astronomiques de Strasbourg. (Initial information can be found on World Wide Web homepage URL http://www.wfpa.acad.bg.) The WFPDB may be useful in studies of a variety of astronomical objects and phenomena, andespecially for long-term investigations of variable objects and for multi-wavelength research. We have analysed the data in the WFPDB in order to derive the overall characteristics of the totality of wide-field observations, such as the sky coverage, the distributions by observation time and date, by spectral band, and by object type. We have also examined the totality of wide-field observations from point of view of their quality, availability and digitisation. The usefulness of the WFPDB is demonstrated by the results of identification and investigation of the photometrical behaviour of optical analogues of gamma-ray bursts.

Tsvetkov, M. K.; Stavrev, K. Y.; Tsvetkova, K. P.; Semkov, E. H.; Mutatov, A. S.

279

The Pfam protein families database.  

PubMed

Pfam is a widely used database of protein families, currently containing more than 13,000 manually curated protein families as of release 26.0. Pfam is available via servers in the UK (http://pfam.sanger.ac.uk/), the USA (http://pfam.janelia.org/) and Sweden (http://pfam.sbc.su.se/). Here, we report on changes that have occurred since our 2010 NAR paper (release 24.0). Over the last 2 years, we have generated 1840 new families and increased coverage of the UniProt Knowledgebase (UniProtKB) to nearly 80%. Notably, we have taken the step of opening up the annotation of our families to the Wikipedia community, by linking Pfam families to relevant Wikipedia pages and encouraging the Pfam and Wikipedia communities to improve and expand those pages. We continue to improve the Pfam website and add new visualizations, such as the 'sunburst' representation of taxonomic distribution of families. In this work we additionally address two topics that will be of particular interest to the Pfam community. First, we explain the definition and use of family-specific, manually curated gathering thresholds. Second, we discuss some of the features of domains of unknown function (also known as DUFs), which constitute a rapidly growing class of families within Pfam. PMID:22127870

Punta, Marco; Coggill, Penny C; Eberhardt, Ruth Y; Mistry, Jaina; Tate, John; Boursnell, Chris; Pang, Ningze; Forslund, Kristoffer; Ceric, Goran; Clements, Jody; Heger, Andreas; Holm, Liisa; Sonnhammer, Erik L L; Eddy, Sean R; Bateman, Alex; Finn, Robert D

2012-01-01

280

Campus Database Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the link between electronic databases and institutes of higher education, particularly the rapid increase of commercial databases. Discusses the issues that digital and electronic resources present to colleges and universities, including the implications of recent Congressional legislation and the Feist case. (EV)

O'Neil, Robert M.

2000-01-01

281

Database Reviews: Legal Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Detailed reviews of two legal information databases--"Laborlaw I" and "Legal Resource Index"--are presented in this paper. Each database review begins with a bibliographic entry listing the title; producer; vendor; cost per hour contact time; offline print cost per citation; time period covered; frequency of updates; and size of file. A detailed…

Seiser, Virginia

282

Probabilistic Spatial Database Operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial databases typically assume that the positional at- tributes of spatial objects are precisely known. In practice, however, they are known only approximately, with the error depending on the nature of the measurement and the source of data. In this paper, we address the problem how to perform spatial database operations in the presence of uncertainty. We first discuss a

Jinfeng Ni; Chinya V. Ravishankar; Bir Bhanu

2003-01-01

283

Ionic Liquids Database- (ILThermo)  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 147 Ionic Liquids Database- (ILThermo) (Web, free access)   IUPAC Ionic Liquids Database, ILThermo, is a free web research tool that allows users worldwide to access an up-to-date data collection from the publications on experimental investigations of thermodynamic, and transport properties of ionic liquids as well as binary and ternary mixtures containing ionic liquids.

284

Steam Properties Database  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 10 NIST/ASME Steam Properties Database (PC database for purchase)   Based upon the International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS) 1995 formulation for the thermodynamic properties of water and the most recent IAPWS formulations for transport and other properties, this updated version provides water properties over a wide range of conditions according to the accepted international standards.

285

PAN Pesticide Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Pesticide Action Network (PAN) Pesticide Database is your one-stop location for toxicity and regulatory information for pesticides. This is a comprehensive search enabled database of pesticide chemicals and also trade names. An easy to navigate sidebar takes you through toxicity, uses, registration, company, and distributor. Other links take you to less toxic alternatives, and pesticide tutorial and references.

0002-11-30

286

Atomic Spectra Database (ASD)  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 78 NIST Atomic Spectra Database (ASD) (Web, free access)   This database provides access and search capability for NIST critically evaluated data on atomic energy levels, wavelengths, and transition probabilities that are reasonably up-to-date. The NIST Atomic Spectroscopy Data Center has carried out these critical compilations.

287

Web Database Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis explores the concept of Web Database Development using Active Server Pages (ASP) and Java Server Pages (JSP). These are among the leading technologies in the web database development. The focus of this thesis was to analyze and compare the ASP...

N. A. Tsardas

2001-01-01

288

World Database of Crystallographers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Database of Crystallographers and of Other Scientists Employing Crystallographic Methods is offered by the International Union of Crystallography. The simple database can be searched by family name, title, interests, address, and various other criteria. Results include basic information such as full name, position, institution address, degrees held, key interests, and contact information. Those seeking such specific information will appreciate this unique resource.

289

Payment Systems Research Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago provides this banking industry database for the "convenience of financial services industry researchers and executives." The Payment Systems Research Database is both browseable and searchable by general reference, payment instrument, public policy, or research topic. Each entry includes a brief bibliographic citation with links to full-text articles where available.

290

Biological Macromolecule Crystallization Database  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 21 Biological Macromolecule Crystallization Database (Web, free access)   The Biological Macromolecule Crystallization Database and NASA Archive for Protein Crystal Growth Data (BMCD) contains the conditions reported for the crystallization of proteins and nucleic acids used in X-ray structure determinations and archives the results of microgravity macromolecule crystallization studies.

291

ETD - Exoplanet Transit Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction of Exoplanet Transit Database (ETD), an internet portal, which offers all necessary informations for exoplanet transit observation. Scheduling, list of previously obtained data and on-line algorithm for photometric data processing, which determines the mid-transit time, duration and depth of a transit The Exoplanet Transit Database can be found at http://var.astro.cz/etd.

Brát, L.; Poddaný, S.; Pejcha, O.; Zejda, M.

2010-12-01

292

Subscription Databases: Final Thoughts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This eighth part in a series of articles on Web-based reference providers focuses on subscription databases. Topics include training needs; keeping teachers informed about new databases; costs; information retrieval techniques; free information from the Internet versus paying for use; information vendors; and the need for printed reference…

Safford, Barbara Ripp

2001-01-01

293

Database Design Recovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design of a software component, such as a database, is the trace of all the processes, products andreasonings that have led to the production of this artifact. Such a document is the very basis of systemmaintenance and evolution processes. Unfortunately, it does not exist in most situations. The paperdescribes how the design of a database or of a collection

Jean-luc Hainaut; Jean Henrard; Jean-marc Hick; Didier Roland; Vincent Englebert

1996-01-01

294

A Quality System Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A quality system database (QSD), and software to administer the database, were developed to support recording of administrative nonconformance activities that involve requirements for documentation of corrective and/or preventive actions, which can include ISO 9000 internal quality audits and customer complaints.

Snell, William H.; Turner, Anne M.; Gifford, Luther; Stites, William

2010-01-01

295

Dictionary as Database.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of dictionaries as databases focuses on the digitizing of The Oxford English dictionary (OED) and the use of Standard Generalized Mark-Up Language (SGML). Topics include the creation of a consortium to digitize the OED, document structure, relational databases, text forms, sequence, and discourse. (LRW)

Painter, Derrick

1996-01-01

296

Indexing of Patents of Pharmaceutical Composition in Online Databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Online searching of patents of pharmaceutical composition is generally considered to be very difficult. It is due to the fact that the patent databases include extensive technical information as well as legal information so that they are not likely to have index proper to the pharmaceutical composition or even if they have such index, the scope and coverage of indexing is ambiguous. This paper discusses how patents of pharmaceutical composition are indexed in online databases such as WPl, CA, CLAIMS, USP and PATOLIS. Online searching of patents of pharmaceutical composition are also discussed in some detail.

297

The Génolevures database.  

PubMed

The Génolevures online database (URL: http://www.genolevures.org) stores and provides the data and results obtained by the Génolevures Consortium through several campaigns of genome annotation of the yeasts in the Saccharomycotina subphylum (hemiascomycetes). This database is dedicated to large-scale comparison of these genomes, storing not only the different chromosomal elements detected in the sequences, but also the logical relations between them. The database is divided into a public part, accessible to anyone through Internet, and a private part where the Consortium members make genome annotations with our Magus annotation system; this system is used to annotate several related genomes in parallel. The public database is widely consulted and offers structured data, organized using a REST web site architecture that allows for automated requests. The implementation of the database, as well as its associated tools and methods, is evolving to cope with the influx of genome sequences produced by Next Generation Sequencing (NGS). PMID:21819938

Martin, Tiphaine; Sherman, David J; Durrens, Pascal

2011-01-01

298

Mycobacteriophage Genome Database  

PubMed Central

Mycobacteriophage genome database (MGDB) is an exclusive repository of the 64 completely sequenced mycobacteriophages with annotated information. It is a comprehensive compilation of the various gene parameters captured from several databases pooled together to empower mycobacteriophage researchers. The MGDB (Version No.1.0) comprises of 6086 genes from 64 mycobacteriophages classified into 72 families based on ACLAME database. Manual curation was aided by information available from public databases which was enriched further by analysis. Its web interface allows browsing as well as querying the classification. The main objective is to collect and organize the complexity inherent to mycobacteriophage protein classification in a rational way. The other objective is to browse the existing and new genomes and describe their functional annotation. Availability The database is available for free at http://mpgdb.ibioinformatics.org/mpgdb.php

Joseph, Jerrine; Rajendran, Vasanthi; Hassan, Sameer; Kumar, Vanaja

2011-01-01

299

29 CFR 779.256 - Conditions for enterprise coverage of gasoline service establishments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Conditions for enterprise coverage of gasoline service establishments. 779.256...May Apply; Enterprise Coverage The Gasoline Service Establishment Enterprise ...Conditions for enterprise coverage of gasoline service establishments....

2013-07-01

300

24 CFR 234.17 - Mortgagor and mortgagee requirements for maintaining flood insurance coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...mortgagee requirements for maintaining flood insurance coverage. 234.17 Section...mortgagee requirements for maintaining flood insurance coverage. The maintenance of flood insurance coverage on the project...

2013-04-01

301

A Comparison of Cloud Coverage over Africa  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson uses NASA satellite data to contrast amounts of cloud coverage over different climate regions in Africa. An an outcome of the lesson, the student will be able to explain how Earth's major air circulations affect global weather patterns and relate local weather patterns to climate as well as identify different climate regions. Students will also describe conditions for cloud formation along the Equator. They will access data and import it into Excel. This lesson emphasizes that clouds are collections of water vapor in the atmosphere and that moisture collects in the atmosphere due to the evaporation of water. Thus evaporation plays an essential role in the water cycle. Students are asked to determine if the Hadley Cell affects weather for two cities (Aswan, Egypt and Kampala, Uganda). They graph the data to see if it indicates which city would have more rainfall and then draw conclusions about climate regions in these areas.

Alston, Erica

302

Cloud coverage aspects of the albedo effect  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss some details of the cloud coverage aspects of the albedo effect-the pressure of the radiation reflected by the Earth-on the motion of an artificial satellite. We focus on modeling of the Earth's surface reflection and propagation of the radiation through the atmosphere. We adopt analytical models of these phenomena from radiative transfer theory, in contrast to earlier approaches, based on the fitting of satellite photometry data. We peform several computations based on the accepted models for the ERS-1 and MACEK satellites to test the hierarchy of importance of the effects investigated. In the case of the MACEK mission (which carried a precision accelerometer on board) this information might be essential when interpreting the data.

Vokrouhlicky, David; Sehnal, Ladislav

1993-11-01

303

Two stage surgical procedure for root coverage  

PubMed Central

Gingival recession may present problems that include root sensitivity, esthetic concern, and predilection to root caries, cervical abrasion and compromising of a restorative effort. When marginal tissue health cannot be maintained and recession is deep, the need for treatment arises. This literature has documented that recession can be successfully treated by means of a two stage surgical approach, the first stage consisting of creation of attached gingiva by means of free gingival graft, and in the second stage, a lateral sliding flap of grafted tissue to cover the recession. This indirect technique ensures development of an adequate width of attached gingiva. The outcome of this technique suggests that two stage surgical procedures are highly predictable for root coverage in case of isolated deep recession and lack of attached gingiva.

George, Anjana Mary; Rajesh, K. S.; Hegde, Shashikanth; Kumar, Arun

2012-01-01

304

How will employers respond to coverage reforms.  

PubMed

Any change in the health insurance market could prompt a reaction by employers in what kind and at what cost they offer coverage. This policy brief examines the research on employer decision-making. Key findings include: Firms are most likely to offer plans that respond to the preferences of their most valuable, hard-to-retain workers. Firms are more likely to offer health insurance if they employ high-wage workers; if they are unionized; or if they are in the manufacturing or public sectors. While theory suggests that employers will shift the cost of premiums to employees in the form of lower wages, this is not the case in practice. There are serious gaps in research, including: an absence of detailed data about individuals; little information about earnings distribution; ages and other characteristics within firms of different sizes; and little study of employer behavior. PMID:22052251

Williams, Claudia H; Glied, Sherry; Zivin, Joshua Graff

2005-12-01

305

Clinical and anatomical factors limiting treatment outcomes of gingival recession: a new method to predetermine the line of root coverage.  

PubMed

Complete root coverage is not always achievable, even in gingival recession with no loss of interproximal attachment and bone. The cemento-enamel junction is the most widely used referring parameter to evaluate root coverage results. The aim of the present study was to describe the most frequent diagnostic mistakes that may lead to incomplete root coverage in Miller Class I and II gingival recessions and to suggest a method to predetermine the level/line of root coverage in non-molar teeth. The line of root coverage (i.e., the level/line to which the soft tissue margin will be positioned after the healing process of a root coverage surgical technique) was predetermined by calculating the ideal vertical dimension of the interdental papilla of the tooth with the recession defect. This method was applied to 120 recession-type defects affecting non-molar teeth of 80 young healthy subjects that were treated with root coverage surgical procedures over the last 5 years. All recessions were Miller Class I or II and were associated with at least one of the following characteristics: 1) traumatic loss of the tip of the interdental papilla(e); 2) tooth rotation; 3) tooth extrusion with or without occlusal abrasion; and 4) a cervical abrasion defect with no evidence of the cemento-enamel junction. The line of root coverage may be considered the clinical cemento-enamel junction because it may substitute the anatomic cemento-enamel junction when this is no longer clinically visible on the tooth with recession or when the ideal conditions to obtain complete root coverage are not fully represented. PMID:16584355

Zucchelli, G; Testori, T; De Sanctis, M

2006-04-01

306

Hazard Analysis Database Report  

SciTech Connect

The Hazard Analysis Database was developed in conjunction with the hazard analysis activities conducted in accordance with DOE-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for U S . Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports, for HNF-SD-WM-SAR-067, Tank Farms Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR). The FSAR is part of the approved Authorization Basis (AB) for the River Protection Project (RPP). This document describes, identifies, and defines the contents and structure of the Tank Farms FSAR Hazard Analysis Database and documents the configuration control changes made to the database. The Hazard Analysis Database contains the collection of information generated during the initial hazard evaluations and the subsequent hazard and accident analysis activities. The Hazard Analysis Database supports the preparation of Chapters 3 ,4 , and 5 of the Tank Farms FSAR and the Unreviewed Safety Question (USQ) process and consists of two major, interrelated data sets: (1) Hazard Analysis Database: Data from the results of the hazard evaluations, and (2) Hazard Topography Database: Data from the system familiarization and hazard identification.

GRAMS, W.H.

2000-12-28

307

Hazard Analysis Database Report  

SciTech Connect

The Hazard Analysis Database was developed in conjunction with the hazard analysis activities conducted in accordance with DOE-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for US Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports, for the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR). The FSAR is part of the approved TWRS Authorization Basis (AB). This document describes, identifies, and defines the contents and structure of the TWRS FSAR Hazard Analysis Database and documents the configuration control changes made to the database. The TWRS Hazard Analysis Database contains the collection of information generated during the initial hazard evaluations and the subsequent hazard and accident analysis activities. The database supports the preparation of Chapters 3,4, and 5 of the TWRS FSAR and the USQ process and consists of two major, interrelated data sets: (1) Hazard Evaluation Database--Data from the results of the hazard evaluations; and (2) Hazard Topography Database--Data from the system familiarization and hazard identification.

GAULT, G.W.

1999-10-13

308

Glycoproteomic and glycomic databases.  

PubMed

Protein glycosylation serves critical roles in the cellular and biological processes of many organisms. Aberrant glycosylation has been associated with many illnesses such as hereditary and chronic diseases like cancer, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, and immunological disorders. Emerging mass spectrometry (MS) technologies that enable the high-throughput identification of glycoproteins and glycans have accelerated the analysis and made possible the creation of dynamic and expanding databases. Although glycosylation-related databases have been established by many laboratories and institutions, they are not yet widely known in the community. Our study reviews 15 different publicly available databases and identifies their key elements so that users can identify the most applicable platform for their analytical needs. These databases include biological information on the experimentally identified glycans and glycopeptides from various cells and organisms such as human, rat, mouse, fly and zebrafish. The features of these databases - 7 for glycoproteomic data, 6 for glycomic data, and 2 for glycan binding proteins are summarized including the enrichment techniques that are used for glycoproteome and glycan identification. Furthermore databases such as Unipep, GlycoFly, GlycoFish recently established by our group are introduced. The unique features of each database, such as the analytical methods used and bioinformatical tools available are summarized. This information will be a valuable resource for the glycobiology community as it presents the analytical methods and glycosylation related databases together in one compendium. It will also represent a step towards the desired long term goal of integrating the different databases of glycosylation in order to characterize and categorize glycoproteins and glycans better for biomedical research. PMID:24725457

Baycin Hizal, Deniz; Wolozny, Daniel; Colao, Joseph; Jacobson, Elena; Tian, Yuan; Krag, Sharon S; Betenbaugh, Michael J; Zhang, Hui

2014-01-01

309

Glycoproteomic and glycomic databases  

PubMed Central

Protein glycosylation serves critical roles in the cellular and biological processes of many organisms. Aberrant glycosylation has been associated with many illnesses such as hereditary and chronic diseases like cancer, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, and immunological disorders. Emerging mass spectrometry (MS) technologies that enable the high-throughput identification of glycoproteins and glycans have accelerated the analysis and made possible the creation of dynamic and expanding databases. Although glycosylation-related databases have been established by many laboratories and institutions, they are not yet widely known in the community. Our study reviews 15 different publicly available databases and identifies their key elements so that users can identify the most applicable platform for their analytical needs. These databases include biological information on the experimentally identified glycans and glycopeptides from various cells and organisms such as human, rat, mouse, fly and zebrafish. The features of these databases - 7 for glycoproteomic data, 6 for glycomic data, and 2 for glycan binding proteins are summarized including the enrichment techniques that are used for glycoproteome and glycan identification. Furthermore databases such as Unipep, GlycoFly, GlycoFish recently established by our group are introduced. The unique features of each database, such as the analytical methods used and bioinformatical tools available are summarized. This information will be a valuable resource for the glycobiology community as it presents the analytical methods and glycosylation related databases together in one compendium. It will also represent a step towards the desired long term goal of integrating the different databases of glycosylation in order to characterize and categorize glycoproteins and glycans better for biomedical research.

2014-01-01

310

The Gaia Parameter Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The parallel development of many aspects of a complex mission like Gaia, which includes numerous participants in ESA, industrial companies, and a large and active scientific collaboration throughout Europe, makes keeping track of the many design changes, instrument and operational complexities, and numerical values for the data analysis a very challenging problem. A comprehensive, easily-accessible, up-to-date, and definitive compilation of a large range of numerical quantities is required, and the Gaia parameter database has been established to satisfy these needs. The database is a centralised repository containing, besides mathematical, physical, and astronomical constants, many satellite and subsystem design parameters. At the end of 2004, more than 1600 parameters had been included. Version control has been implemented, providing, next to a `live' version with the most recent parameters, well-defined reference versions of the full database contents. The database can be queried or browsed using a regular Web browser (http://www.rssd.esa.int/Gaia/paramdb). Query results are formated by default in HTML. Data can also be retrieved as Fortran-77, Fortran-90, Java, ANSIC, C++, or XML structures for direct inclusion into software codes in these languages. The idea is that all collaborating scientists can use the database parameters and values, once retrieved, directly linked to computational routines. An off-line access mode is also available, enabling users to automatically download the contents of the database. The database will be maintained actively, and significant extensions of the contents are planned. Consistent use in the future of the database by the Gaia community at large, including all industrial teams, will ensure correct numerical values throughout the complex software systems being built up as details of the Gaia design develop. The database is already being used for the telemetry simulation chain in ESTEC, and in the data simulations for GDAAS2.

de Bruijne, J. H. J.; Lammers, U.; Perryman, M. A. C.

2005-01-01

311

COVERAGE OF BLOOD VESSELS BY ASTROCYTIC ENDFEET IS REDUCED IN MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER  

PubMed Central

Background According to clinical studies, depression and cerebrovascular disease influence each other. Despite this evidence, no studies have investigated the relationship between major depressive disorder (MDD) and cerebrovascular disease at the cellular level. Astrocytic processes are a crucial interface between blood vessels and neurons, and astrocyte density is reduced in MDD. This study investigated the coverage of vessels by astrocyte endfeet in the prefrontal cortex in MDD. Methods Thirteen pairs of MDD and non-psychiatric control subjects were used for double immunofluorescent staining and confocal image analysis. Frozen sections of gray matter from orbitofrontal area 47 and white matter from the ventro-medial prefrontal cortex were examined. Astrocytic processes (labeled with antibodies for aquaporin-4, AQP4 or glial fibrillary acidic protein, GFAP) were co-localized with blood vessels (labeled with an antibody to collagen IV) to measure the coverage of vessel walls by astrocyte processes. Results The coverage of blood vessels by endfeet of AQP4-immunoreactive (IR) astrocytes was significantly reduced by 50 percent in subjects with MDD as compared to controls (ANCOVA: F(1,23)=5.161, p=0.033). This difference was detected in orbitofrontal gray matter but not in white matter. Conversely, the coverage of vessels by GFAP-IR processes did not significantly differ between the groups. Conclusions A significant reduction in the coverage of gray matter vessels by AQP4-IR astrocyte processes in MDD suggests alterations in AQP4 functions such as regulation of water homeostasis, blood flow, glucose transport and metabolism, the blood brain barrier, glutamate turnover and synaptic plasticity.

Rajkowska, Grazyna; Hughes, Jonathan; Stockmeier, Craig A.; Miguel-Hidalgo, Jose Javier; Maciag, Dorota

2012-01-01

312

Phase Equilibria Diagrams Database  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 31 NIST/ACerS Phase Equilibria Diagrams Database (PC database for purchase)   The Phase Equilibria Diagrams Database contains commentaries and more than 21,000 diagrams for non-organic systems, including those published in all 21 hard-copy volumes produced as part of the ACerS-NIST Phase Equilibria Diagrams Program (formerly titled Phase Diagrams for Ceramists): Volumes I through XIV (blue books); Annuals 91, 92, 93; High Tc Superconductors I & II; Zirconium & Zirconia Systems; and Electronic Ceramics I. Materials covered include oxides as well as non-oxide systems such as chalcogenides and pnictides, phosphates, salt systems, and mixed systems of these classes.

313

Database of Zeolite Structures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Database of Zeolite Structures is provided by the Structure Commission of the International Zeolite Association. Links include an Atlas of Zeolite Framework Types, Collection of Simulated XRD Powder Patterns for Zeolites, Catalog of Disordered Zeolite Structures, Schemes for Building Zeolite Framework Models, and Zeolite Structure References, as well as various publications. The database can be searched or browsed, and contains several useful tools such as the "input your data" link, which allows the user to enter crystallographic data not available in the database and generate the diffraction pattern.

2000-01-01

314

International Comparisions Database  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

International Comparisions Database (Web, free access)   The International Comparisons Database (ICDB) serves the U.S. and the Inter-American System of Metrology (SIM) with information based on Appendices B (International Comparisons), C (Calibration and Measurement Capabilities) and D (List of Participating Countries) of the Comit? International des Poids et Mesures (CIPM) Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA). The official source of the data is The BIPM key comparison database. The ICDB provides access to results of comparisons of measurements and standards organized by the consultative committees of the CIPM and the Regional Metrology Organizations.

315

NORTHWOODS Wildlife Habitat Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created through a joint effort of the USDA Forest Service's North Central Forest Experiment Station (NCFES) and seven national forests in the Upper Great Lakes Region, NORTHWOODS is a wildlife habitat database featuring "information about the habitat needs of 389 species of reptiles, amphibians, birds, and mammals in the Upper Great Lakes Region." The database compiles common and scientific names, species occurrences in 20 aquatic and terrestrial habitat types, species abundances and seasonal use in seven national forests, and species conservation status. The NORTHWOODS database is available in tab-delimited ASCII file format.

316

World Biodiversity Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Biodiversity Database, provided by ETI BioInformatics, seeks to document all presently known species (about 1.7 million) and to make this important biological information worldwide accessible. This continually growing database provides "taxonomic information, species names, synonyms, descriptions, illustrations and literature references, as well as online identification keys and interactive geographical information systems." The searchable database can be explored using an expandable tree of taxonomic kingdoms or by typing in a common or scientific name. Both educators and students should find this site easy to navigate, informative, and useful.

2005-12-08

317

Human variation databases  

PubMed Central

More than 100 000 human genetic variations have been described in various genes that are associated with a wide variety of diseases. Such data provides invaluable information for both clinical medicine and basic science. A number of locus-specific databases have been developed to exploit this huge amount of data. However, the scope, format and content of these databases differ strongly and as no standard for variation databases has yet been adopted, the way data is presented varies enormously. This review aims to give an overview of current resources for human variation data in public and commercial resources.

Kuntzer, Jan; Eggle, Daniela; Klostermann, Stefan; Burtscher, Helmut

2010-01-01

318

The Press Freedom Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), The Press Freedom Database contains case histories of documented press freedom violations against journalists and media organizations worldwide as well as annual CPJ reports on the violations in specific countries and regions. The case histories document the circumstances in which journalists have been attacked, killed, expelled, censored, harassed, threatened, and/or imprisoned. The database is searchable by journalist name, news organization, type of organization, date, country, or region. Currently, the database, which is updated weekly, contains over 2,000 reports of press freedom violations, spanning from 1993 to the present.

319

Hybrid Terrain Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A prototype hybrid terrain database is being developed in conjunction with other databases and with hardware and software that constitute subsystems of aerospace cockpit display systems (known in the art as synthetic vision systems) that generate images to increase pilots' situation awareness and eliminate poor visibility as a cause of aviation accidents. The basic idea is to provide a clear view of the world around an aircraft by displaying computer-generated imagery derived from an onboard database of terrain, obstacle, and airport information.

Arthur, Trey

2006-01-01

320

Mars global digital dune database: MC-30  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Mars Global Digital Dune Database (MGD3) provides data and describes the methodology used in creating the global database of moderate- to large-size dune fields on Mars. The database is being released in a series of U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Reports. The first report (Hayward and others, 2007) included dune fields from lat 65° N. to 65° S. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1158/). The second report (Hayward and others, 2010) included dune fields from lat 60° N. to 90° N. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2010/1170/). This report encompasses ~75,000 km2 of mapped dune fields from lat 60° to 90° S. The dune fields included in this global database were initially located using Mars Odyssey Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) Infrared (IR) images. In the previous two reports, some dune fields may have been unintentionally excluded for two reasons: (1) incomplete THEMIS IR (daytime) coverage may have caused us to exclude some moderate- to large-size dune fields or (2) resolution of THEMIS IR coverage (100 m/pixel) certainly caused us to exclude smaller dune fields. In this report, mapping is more complete. The Arizona State University THEMIS daytime IR mosaic provided complete IR coverage, and it is unlikely that we missed any large dune fields in the South Pole (SP) region. In addition, the increased availability of higher resolution images resulted in the inclusion of more small (~1 km2) sand dune fields and sand patches. To maintain consistency with the previous releases, we have identified the sand features that would not have been included in earlier releases. While the moderate to large dune fields in MGD3 are likely to constitute the largest compilation of sediment on the planet, we acknowledge that our database excludes numerous small dune fields and some moderate to large dune fields as well. Please note that the absence of mapped dune fields does not mean that dune fields do not exist and is not intended to imply a lack of saltating sand in other areas. Where availability and quality of THEMIS visible (VIS), Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) narrow angle, Mars Express High Resolution Stereo Camera, or Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Context Camera and High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment images allowed, we classified dunes and included some dune slipface measurements, which were derived from gross dune morphology and represent the approximate prevailing wind direction at the last time of significant dune modification. It was beyond the scope of this report to look at the detail needed to discern subtle dune modification. It was also beyond the scope of this report to measure all slipfaces. We attempted to include enough slipface measurements to represent the general circulation (as implied by gross dune morphology) and to give a sense of the complex nature of aeolian activity on Mars. The absence of slipface measurements in a given direction should not be taken as evidence that winds in that direction did not occur. When a dune field was located within a crater, the azimuth from crater centroid to dune field centroid was calculated, as another possible indicator of wind direction. Output from a general circulation model is also included. In addition to polygons locating dune fields, the database includes ~700 of the THEMIS VIS and MOC images that were used to build the database.

Hayward, R. K.; Fenton, L. K.; Titus, T. N.; Colaprete, A.; Christensen, P. R.

2012-01-01

321

POLLUX: a database of synthetic stellar spectra  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aims: Synthetic spectra are needed to determine fundamental stellar and wind parameters of all types of stars. They are also used for the construction of theoretical spectral libraries helpful for stellar population synthesis. Therefore, a database of theoretical spectra is required to allow rapid and quantitative comparisons to spectroscopic data. We provide such a database offering an unprecedented coverage of the entire Hertzsprung-Russell diagram. Methods: We present the POLLUX database of synthetic stellar spectra. For objects with Teff ? 6000 K, MARCS atmosphere models are computed and the program TURBOSPECTRUM provides the synthetic spectra. ATLAS12 models are computed for stars with 7000 K ? Teff ? 15 000 K. SYNSPEC gives the corresponding spectra. Finally, the code CMFGEN provides atmosphere models for the hottest stars (Teff > 25 000 K). Their spectra are computed with CMF_FLUX. Both high resolution (R > 150 000) optical spectra in the range 3000 to 12 000 Å and spectral energy distributions extending from the UV to near-IR ranges are presented. These spectra cover the HR diagram at solar metallicity. Results: We propose a wide variety of synthetic spectra for various types of stars in a format that is compliant with the Virtual Observatory standards. A user-friendly web interface allows an easy selection of spectra and data retrieval. Upcoming developments will include an extension to a large range of metallicities and to the near-IR high resolution spectra, as well as a better coverage of the HR diagram, with the inclusion of models for Wolf-Rayet stars and large datasets for cool stars. The POLLUX database is accessible at http://pollux.graal.univ-montp2.fr/ and through the Virtual Observatory. Copy of database is only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/516/A13

Palacios, A.; Gebran, M.; Josselin, E.; Martins, F.; Plez, B.; Belmas, M.; Lèbre, A.

2010-06-01

322

GUCLF: a new light field face database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The advancement in face recognition algorithm has a strong relationship with the availability of face databases that exhibit varying factors reflecting real life scenarios. The GUCLF face database is the first of its kind that can strongly influence the advancement in face recognition technology. In this paper, we introduce and describe our new face samples database collected using Lytro light field camera. The database consists of 200 reference samples and 303 probe samples collected from 25 subjects. The reference samples are collected in the controlled conditions using Canon EOS 550D DSLR camera. While probe samples are captured using both conventional digital camera (Sony DSC-S750) and Lytro light field camera. The probe samples are captured in three different scenarios: indoor, corridor and outdoor to include all possible real life conditions. In addition to the database description, this paper also elaborates on possible uses of the collected database and proposes a testing protocol. Further, we also present the quantitative results from the baseline experiments using the Kernel Discriminant Analysis (KDA).

Raghavendra, R.; Raja, Kiran B.; Yang, Bian; Busch, Christoph

2013-11-01

323

MetaboSearch: Tool for Mass-Based Metabolite Identification Using Multiple Databases  

PubMed Central

Searching metabolites against databases according to their masses is often the first step in metabolite identification for a mass spectrometry-based untargeted metabolomics study. Major metabolite databases include Human Metabolome DataBase (HMDB), Madison Metabolomics Consortium Database (MMCD), Metlin, and LIPID MAPS. Since each one of these databases covers only a fraction of the metabolome, integration of the search results from these databases is expected to yield a more comprehensive coverage. However, the manual combination of multiple search results is generally difficult when identification of hundreds of metabolites is desired. We have implemented a web-based software tool that enables simultaneous mass-based search against the four major databases, and the integration of the results. In addition, more complete chemical identifier information for the metabolites is retrieved by cross-referencing multiple databases. The search results are merged based on IUPAC International Chemical Identifier (InChI) keys. Besides a simple list of m/z values, the software can accept the ion annotation information as input for enhanced metabolite identification. The performance of the software is demonstrated on mass spectrometry data acquired in both positive and negative ionization modes. Compared with search results from individual databases, MetaboSearch provides better coverage of the metabolome and more complete chemical identifier information. Availability: The software tool is available at http://omics.georgetown.edu/MetaboSearch.html.

Ressom, Habtom W.

2012-01-01

324

Fault tolerant coverage and connectivity in presence of channel randomness.  

PubMed

Some applications of wireless sensor network require K-coverage and K-connectivity to ensure the system to be fault tolerance and to make it more reliable. Therefore, it makes coverage and connectivity an important issue in wireless sensor networks. In this paper, we proposed K-coverage and K-connectivity models for wireless sensor networks. In both models, nodes are distributed according to Poisson distribution in the sensor field. To make the proposed model more realistic we used log-normal shadowing path loss model to capture the radio irregularities and studied its impact on K-coverage and K-connectivity. The value of K can be different for different types of applications. Further, we also analyzed the problem of node failure for K-coverage model. In the simulation section, results clearly show that coverage and connectivity of wireless sensor network depend on the node density, shadowing parameters like the path loss exponent, and standard deviation. PMID:24574922

Sagar, Anil Kumar; Lobiyal, D K

2014-01-01

325

Federal Pain Research Database Launched  

MedlinePLUS

... Release: Tuesday, May 27, 2014 Federal pain research database launched Multi-agency effort combines pain research information in easy-to-use database The Interagency Pain Research Portfolio (IPRP), a database ...

326

Lies, Damned Lies, and Databases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A database is usually expected to give correct and complete answers to queries. However, some applications take confidentiality to an extreme and require the database to receive some users by supplying incorrect answers. In most secure databases classifyi...

S. Wiseman

1991-01-01

327

A Logical Database Design Framework.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents a methodology to be used for logical database design. The report covers the entire spectrum of the logical database design process. The logical database design process is broken down into five major tasks: requirements analysis, globa...

P. P. S. Chen I. Chung D. Perry

1982-01-01

328

[A specialistic database on research evaluation].  

PubMed

The evaluation of scientific research is an internationally wide debated subject but it is not well established in Italy so far. The need for evaluation practices sets up both to assess and verify the scientific production as well as the efficiency of the research process and, on the other side, for the assessment of resources and funds in the wider framework of research policies. This study illustrates the contents and structures of a specialistic database, published on the web, addressed to a specific target of users. The database has been designed to contribute to spread information on the evaluation practices, theory, disciplines and the big debate on science evaluation. PMID:15098566

Conti, Susanna; Solimini, Renata; Toccaceli, Virgilia

2003-01-01

329

TranStats: The Intermodal Transportation Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the US Bureau of Transportation Statistics, this site for researchers and analysts, which is aimed at providing "one stop shopping" for transportation data, allows users to search over 100 databases, download data, complete online statistics, and view online maps pertaining to data. Data subjects related to physical science includes energy use statistics, a pollution database, air quality data, emission trends, toxics inventories, greenhouse gases, and more. Although a newer browser is required to view the site and a fast modem is recommended, the very well designed site provides easy browsing and access to a host of very helpful information.

2001-01-01

330

Metadata Database at Lehigh Earth Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lehigh Earth Observatory (LEO) is a multidisciplinary program to focus study on the earth and environmental systems and society. We distribute results and data of Observatory activities via the web. In order to better organize and serve our data, we are currently working on the implementation of a new database to empower a dynamic website. One of the challenges in building this database comes from data diversity. We have continuous data collected from automated instruments, direct observational data, simple string data to document, image, media files and GIS coverage files. Extensive effort has been put into designing a scalable and flexible database with a self-supporting structure. Data generators perform data input on the web. A user-friendly interface guides through the input procedures and provides quality control and assessment checks. Public users also access data by web browser thus eliminating the need for special software to navigate and retrieve data. A simple search module is completed and an advanced search module utilizing extensive metadata is under development.

Kim, B.; Statev, B.; Loder, A.

2004-12-01

331

Bishop Museum: Ichthyology Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website offers access to three on-line fish database sites from the Bishop Museum in Hawaii. The first database, the Bishop Museum Hawaiian Fish Checklist, contains 980 records and offers search fields for Genus, Order, Species, Family, and more. The second site, the Fuji Fish Searchable Database, is under construction but is still operational and includes search criteria for Taxa (with our without specimens), Taxon, and Locality. The third database, the Bishop Museum Zooarchaeology Laboratory Fish Osteology Collection, "is searchable by order, family, genus, species, common and local names, locality and status (whether endemic, indigenous, or non-indigenous). Bishop Museum's comparative reference collection is available for use by students and researchers interested in identifying fish remains from archaeological sites in Hawaii and elsewhere in the Pacific."

332

Hawaii bibliographic database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Hawaii bibliographic database has been created to contain all of the literature, from 1779 to the present, pertinent to the volcanological history of the Hawaiian-Emperor volcanic chain. References are entered in a PC- and Macintosh-compatible EndNote Plus bibliographic database with keywords and s or (if no ) with annotations as to content. Keywords emphasize location, discipline, process, identification of new chemical data or age determinations, and type of publication. The database is updated approximately three times a year and is available to upload from an ftp site. The bibliography contained 8460 references at the time this paper was submitted for publication. Use of the database greatly enhances the power and completeness of library searches for anyone interested in Hawaiian volcanism.

Wright, Thomas L.; Takahashi, Taeko Jane

333

Atomicity for XML Databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With more and more data stored into XML databases, there is a need to provide the same level of failure resilience and robustness that users have come to expect from relational database systems. In this work, we discuss strategies to provide the transactional aspect of atomicity to XML databases. The main contribution of this paper is to propose a novel approach for performing updates-in-place on XML databases, with the undo statements stored in the same high level language as the update statements. Finally, we give experimental results to study the performance/storage trade-off of the updates-in-place strategy (based on our undo proposal) against the deferred updates strategy to providing atomicity.

Biswas, Debmalya; Jiwane, Ashwin; Genest, Blaise

334

Neogene Mammal Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are plenty of mammal databases that deal with existing taxonomies and such, but where can one go to find information about land mammal taxa from the Eurasian Miocene to Pleistocene periods? They need look no further than this fine website, which provides access to such material, courtesy of an international advisory board, headed by Mikael Fortelius of the University of Helsinki. First-time visitors may want to look over the data conventions section first. Here they can learn about the proper use of taxonomic fields, and also view such taxonomic examples from the database. Users may also want to look over the browsing section, as it serves as a good orientation to effectively using the database. For those engaged in scholarly endeavors related to the field, there is also a publications section that offers access to recent works that draw on this rather voluminous database.

335

Database Delivers Contaminant Resources  

EPA Science Inventory

The US Environmental Protection Agency's Drinking Water Treatability Database presents referenced information on the control of contaminants in drinking water. The TDB allows a variety of drinking water professionals to access information gathered from thousands of literature so...

336

NCCDPHP PUBLICATION DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

This database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts of publications produced by the CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP) including journal articles, monographs, book chapters, reports, policy documents, and fact sheets. Full...

337

THE CTEPP DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

The CTEPP (Children's Total Exposure to Persistent Pesticides and Other Persistent Organic Pollutants) database contains a wealth of data on children's aggregate exposures to pollutants in their everyday surroundings. Chemical analysis data for the environmental media and ques...

338

VHA enrollees' health care coverage and use of care.  

PubMed

The authors examined health care coverage for Veterans' Health Administration (VHA) enrollees and how their reliance on VHA care varies by coverage, using the largest and most detailed survey of veterans using VHA services ever conducted. The results showed that a majority of veterans who use VHA services have alternative health care coverage and that most of them use both VHA and non-VHA health care. The findings have important implications for quality of care and coordination of care. PMID:12800686

Shen, Yujing; Hendricks, Ann; Zhang, Shuo; Kazis, Lewis E

2003-06-01

339

Trends in structural coverage of the protein universe and the impact of the Protein Structure Initiative.  

PubMed

The exponential growth of protein sequence data provides an ever-expanding body of unannotated and misannotated proteins. The National Institutes of Health-supported Protein Structure Initiative and related worldwide structural genomics efforts facilitate functional annotation of proteins through structural characterization. Recently there have been profound changes in the taxonomic composition of sequence databases, which are effectively redefining the scope and contribution of these large-scale structure-based efforts. The faster-growing bacterial genomic entries have overtaken the eukaryotic entries over the last 5 y, but also have become more redundant. Despite the enormous increase in the number of sequences, the overall structural coverage of proteins--including proteins for which reliable homology models can be generated--on the residue level has increased from 30% to 40% over the last 10 y. Structural genomics efforts contributed ?50% of this new structural coverage, despite determining only ?10% of all new structures. Based on current trends, it is expected that ?55% structural coverage (the level required for significant functional insight) will be achieved within 15 y, whereas without structural genomics efforts, realizing this goal will take approximately twice as long. PMID:24567391

Khafizov, Kamil; Madrid-Aliste, Carlos; Almo, Steven C; Fiser, Andras

2014-03-11

340

Multimedia support for databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Next generation database systems will need to provide supportfor both textual data and other types of multimediadata (e.g., images, video, audio). These two types of datadiffer in their characteristics, and hence require differenttechniques for their organization and management. For example,continuous media data (e.g., video, audio) requiresa guaranteed transfer rate. In this paper, we provide anoverview of 1) how database systems

Banu Özden; Rajeev Rastogi; Abraham Silberschatz

1997-01-01

341

Database computing in HEP  

SciTech Connect

The major SSC experiments are expected to produce up to 1 Petabyte of data per year each. Once the primary reconstruction is completed by farms of inexpensive processors. I/O becomes a major factor in further analysis of the data. We believe that the application of database techniques can significantly reduce the I/O performed in these analyses. We present examples of such I/O reductions in prototype based on relational and object-oriented databases of CDF data samples.

Day, C.T.; Loken, S.; MacFarlane, J.F. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); May, E.; Lifka, D.; Lusk, E.; Price, L.E. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Baden, A. (Maryland Univ., College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Physics); Grossman, R.; Qin, X. (Illinois Univ., Chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science); Cormell, L.; Leibold, P.; Liu, D

1992-01-01

342

West Indian Orchidaceae Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The New York Botanical Garden has recently placed online this searchable database of West Indian Orchids. Containing approximately 5,200 specimen records for the family Orchidacese (from the New York Botanical Garden's collection), the database may be searched by Family, Collector, Country, Taxon, State/Province, and other select fields. Typical returns provide information on Specimen name (scientific name), Location, Collector, Description, and Habitat.

343

ICE Biological Inventories Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information Center for the Environment (ICE) is a cooperative effort between scientists at University of California -- Davis and collaborators from over thirty organizations involved in environmental protection." The ICE Biological Inventory Databases contain "documented, taxonomically standardized species inventories of plants and animals reported from the world's protected areas." New to the Scout Report, these online databases have been updated recently to include botanical inventories from protected areas in Costa Rica and South Africa.

2008-07-08

344

The Iris database system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Iris is an object-oriented database management system being developed at Hewlett-Packard Laboratories [1], [3]. This videotape provides an overview of the Iris data model and a summary of our experiences in converting a computer-integrated manufacturing application to Iris. An abstract of the videotape follows.Iris is intended to meet the needs of new and emerging database applications such as office and

Bill Kent; Peter Lyngback; Samir Mathur; Kevin Wilkinson

1990-01-01

345

JICST Factual Database(4)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

JICST Mass Spectral Database which had started from March, 1987 made a fresh start at January, 1988 as JOIS-F (JICST Online Information System-Fact) including two other JICST Factual Databases. Renewal point of it are data up-dated, a new function of cross-retrieval and a small change of command. The outline of data items, retrieval system and availability are given again.

Okano, Keiko; Abe, Atsushi

346

Atlas Florae Europaeae Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Initiated in 1992, the primary goal of the Atlas Florae Europaeae (AFE) Database project is to make plant distribution data available in digital format. Currently, AFE includes "preliminary maps for all European vascular plants" (based on the time period 1972-1996), examples of distribution statistics (colorful summary maps), and Biogeographical analyses; digital data are expected in 1999. PC users can download an evaluation copy of the current database (which will be available for sale in 1999) on-site.

1992-01-01

347

Protein Structure Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web-based protein structure databases come in a wide variety of types and levels of information content. Those having the\\u000a most general interest are the various atlases that describe each experimentally determined protein structure and provide useful\\u000a links, analyses and schematic diagrams relating to its 3D structure and biological function. Also of great interest are the\\u000a databases that classify 3D structures

Roman A. Laskowski

2011-01-01

348

SSME environment database development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The internal environment of the Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME) is being determined from hot firings of the prototype engines and from model tests using either air or water as the test fluid. The objectives are to develop a database system to facilitate management and analysis of test measurements and results, to enter available data into the the database, and to analyze available data to establish conventions and procedures to provide consistency in data normalization and configuration geometry references.

Reardon, John

1987-01-01

349

Chemical Synthesis Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This database provides information on thousands of chemical compounds, including synthesis references and physical properties. The database is searchable by keyword and browseable by journal title. For each compound, the information includes molecular formula and weight, Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) numbers, International Chemical Identifier (InChIKey), and Simplified Molecular Input Line Entry System (SMILES) notation. There is also information on synonyms, physical properties (boiling and melting points, density), an illustration of chemical structure, spectral data, and links to additional data.

350

ICE Biological Inventories Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information Center for the Environment (ICE) is a cooperative effort between scientists at University of California -- Davis and collaborators from over thirty organizations involved in environmental protection." The ICE Biological Inventory Databases contain "documented, taxonomically standardized species inventories of plants and animals reported from the world's protected areas." New to the Scout Report, these online databases have been updated recently to include botanical inventories from protected areas in Costa Rica and South Africa.

2000-01-01

351

Premium subsidies for health insurance: excessive coverage vs. adverse selection.  

PubMed

The tax subsidy for employment-related health insurance can lead to excessive coverage and excessive spending on medical care. Yet, the potential also exists for adverse selection to result in the opposite problem-insufficient coverage and underconsumption of medical care. This paper uses the model of Rothschild and Stiglitz (R-S) to show that a simple linear premium subsidy can correct market failure due to adverse selection. The optimal linear subsidy balances welfare losses from excessive coverage against welfare gains from reduced adverse selection. Indeed, a capped premium subsidy may mitigate adverse selection without creating incentives for excessive coverage. PMID:10847931

Selden, T M

1999-12-01

352

76 FR 21265 - Interest on Deposits; Deposit Insurance Coverage  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION 12 CFR Parts 329 and 330 RIN 3064-AD78 Interest on Deposits; Deposit Insurance Coverage AGENCY: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). ACTION: Notice...

2011-04-15

353

A Practical Tutorial on Modified Condition/Decision Coverage  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This tutorial provides a practical approach to assessing modified condition/decision coverage (MC/DC) for aviation software products that must comply with regulatory guidance for DO-178B level A software. The tutorial's approach to MC/DC is a 5-step process that allows a certification authority or verification analyst to evaluate MC/DC claims without the aid of a coverage tool. In addition to the MC/DC approach, the tutorial addresses factors to consider in selecting and qualifying a structural coverage analysis tool, tips for reviewing life cycle data related to MC/DC, and pitfalls common to structural coverage analysis.

Hayhurst, Kelly J.; Veerhusen, Dan S.; Chilenski, John J.; Rierson, Leanna K.

2001-01-01

354

The transporter classification database.  

PubMed

The Transporter Classification Database (TCDB; http://www.tcdb.org) serves as a common reference point for transport protein research. The database contains more than 10,000 non-redundant proteins that represent all currently recognized families of transmembrane molecular transport systems. Proteins in TCDB are organized in a five level hierarchical system, where the first two levels are the class and subclass, the second two are the family and subfamily, and the last one is the transport system. Superfamilies that contain multiple families are included as hyperlinks to the five tier TC hierarchy. TCDB includes proteins from all types of living organisms and is the only transporter classification system that is both universal and recognized by the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. It has been expanded by manual curation, contains extensive text descriptions providing structural, functional, mechanistic and evolutionary information, is supported by unique software and is interconnected to many other relevant databases. TCDB is of increasing usefulness to the international scientific community and can serve as a model for the expansion of database technologies. This manuscript describes an update of the database descriptions previously featured in NAR database issues. PMID:24225317

Saier, Milton H; Reddy, Vamsee S; Tamang, Dorjee G; Västermark, Ake

2014-01-01

355

ENVIRONMENTAL RESIDUE EFFECTS DATABASE (ERED)  

EPA Science Inventory

US Army Corps of Engineers public web site for the "Environmental Residue Effects Database", a searchable database of adverse biological effects associated with tissue concentrations of various contaminants....

356

Universal health coverage: necessary but not sufficient.  

PubMed

In this article, we highlight key considerations for better addressing sexual and reproductive health and rights issues within universal health coverage (UHC), particularly in the context of the post-2015 sustainable development agenda. We look at UHC as a health, development and health care financing issue, and its history. We discuss its limitations as currently understood from a human rights perspective, and show why structural barriers to health and the legal and policy environment, which are essential to health (particularly to sexual and reproductive health and rights), require critical consideration in current discussions about health in the post-2015 development framework and must be taken into account above and beyond UHC in any future health goal. As a result, we suggest that UHC alone will not result in universal access to sexual and reproductive health, and certainly not to sexual and reproductive rights. Instead, it should be considered as a means to achieving broader health and development goals. A goal such as seeking to reach the highest attainable standard of health or maximizing healthy lives that is informed by a rights-based approach should be the aspiration for the post-2015 development agenda. PMID:24315063

Fried, Susana T; Khurshid, Atif; Tarlton, Dudley; Webb, Douglas; Gloss, Sonia; Paz, Claudia; Stanley, Tamara

2013-11-01

357

Cold testing through full-coverage restorations.  

PubMed

Endodontic diagnosis often requires thermal testing through porcelain fused-to-metal (PFM) and all-ceramic restorations. The purpose of this study was to measure and compare the temperature change during thermal testing by three commonly used methods occurring at the pulp-dentin junction (PDJ) of nonrestored teeth and teeth restored with full coverage restorations made of PFM, all-porcelain, or gold. The methods used to produce a thermal change were (a) an ice stick, (b) 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (TFE), and (c) carbon dioxide snow. A thermocouple measured temperature changes occurring at the PDJ in 10 extracted premolars when thermal tested by each method over a period of 30 seconds. Temperature reduction was also measured for the same samples restored with full gold crowns, PFM, and Empress crowns. Results showed intact premolars and those restored with PFM or all-ceramic restorations to respond similarly to thermal testing. In these teeth, TFE produced a significantly greater temperature decrease than carbon dioxide snow between 10 and 25 seconds (p < 0.05). In conclusion, application of TFE on a saturated #2 cotton pellet was the most effective method for producing a temperature reduction at the PDJ of intact teeth and those restored with gold, PFM, and all-porcelain when testing for less than 15 seconds. PMID:15448461

Miller, Stuart O; Johnson, James D; Allemang, John D; Strother, James M

2004-10-01

358

Freeware-Based Development Projects As a Learning Framework for Upper-Division Database Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors describe their experience with a novel approach for teaching a one-semester senior-level database design course in the Computer Science major. This approach innovates by combining coverage of traditional topics - entity-relationship (ER) modeling, normal form analysis, and Structured Query Language (SQL) - with practical hands-on projects that require students to analyze, customize, and deploy web-based applications with database

Son Pham; Rick Covington

2006-01-01

359

Syringe coverage in an Australian setting: does a high level of syringe coverage moderate syringe sharing behaviour?  

PubMed

We examined individual-level syringe coverage among 417 people who inject drugs who were recruited from pharmacies in New South Wales in 2009. There was a U-shaped distribution of syringe coverage with many people having very high (51%) or very low (23%) coverage. Overall, two-thirds of respondents (63%) reported adequate coverage (? 100%). Respondents who had not used a needle and syringe program in the previous month were more likely to report inadequate coverage (AOR 2.25, 95% CI 1.25-4.05) as were those who reported daily or more frequent injecting (AOR 3.69, 95% CI 2.00-6.81). Inadequate syringe coverage was not independently associated with receptive needle sharing. The level of syringe coverage was high among this sample, and met targets set out by UNAIDS and other organisations. We found that inadequate syringe coverage was not independently correlated with receptive needle sharing, possibly because coverage is sufficient to diminish the relationship between syringe availability and sharing behaviours. PMID:21811845

Bryant, Joanne; Paquette, Dana; Wilson, Hannah

2012-07-01

360

BactQuant: An enhanced broad-coverage bacterial quantitative real-time PCR assay  

PubMed Central

Background Bacterial load quantification is a critical component of bacterial community analysis, but a culture-independent method capable of detecting and quantifying diverse bacteria is needed. Based on our analysis of a diverse collection of 16?S rRNA gene sequences, we designed a broad-coverage quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay—BactQuant—for quantifying 16?S rRNA gene copy number and estimating bacterial load. We further utilized in silico evaluation to complement laboratory-based qPCR characterization to validate BactQuant. Methods The aligned core set of 4,938 16?S rRNA gene sequences in the Greengenes database were analyzed for assay design. Cloned plasmid standards were generated and quantified using a qPCR-based approach. Coverage analysis was performed computationally using >670,000 sequences and further evaluated following the Minimum Information for Publication of Quantitative Real-Time PCR Experiments (MIQE) guidelines. Results A bacterial TaqMan® qPCR assay targeting a 466?bp region in V3-V4 was designed. Coverage analysis showed that 91% of the phyla, 96% of the genera, and >80% of the 89,537 species analyzed contained at least one perfect sequence match to the BactQuant assay. Of the 106 bacterial species evaluated, amplification efficiencies ranged from 81 to 120%, with r2-value of >0.99, including species with sequence mismatches. Inter- and intra-run coefficient of variance was <3% and <16% for Ct and copy number, respectively. Conclusions The BactQuant assay offers significantly broader coverage than a previously reported universal bacterial quantification assay BactQuant in vitro performance was better than the in silico predictions.

2012-01-01

361

5 CFR 894.603 - Is there an extension of coverage and right to convert when my coverage stops or when a covered...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... No. There is no extension of coverage or right to convert to an individual policy or Temporary Continuation of Coverage (TCC) when your FEDVIP coverage stops or when a family member loses eligibility under the...

2010-01-01

362

Eukaryotic Promoter Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Eukaryotic Promoter Database (EPD), developed at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel and currently maintained at the Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research, is an annotated collection of eukaryotic POL II promoters intended to assist experimental researchers as well as computer analysts in the investigation of eukaryotic transcription signals. Promoters are included in EPD if they are recognized by eukaryotic RNA POL II, active in a higher eukaryote, experimentally defined or homologous and sufficiently similar to an experimentally defined promoter, biologically functional, available in the current EMBL release, and distinct from other promoters in the database. Database entries (searchable by organism, homology group, sequence, keywords, references, etc.) include promoter identifications and descriptions, information on the experimental evidence, various kinds of promoter classifications and regulatory properties, as well as bibliographic references and cross-references to other databases. The EPD Website also features yearly-updated base frequency matrices for major eukaryotic promoter elements, a user manual, and a link to a complementary database called EPDX, which allows users to view available gene expression data for human EPD promoters.

1969-12-31

363

Using the Reactome Database  

PubMed Central

There is considerable interest in the bioinformatics community in creating pathway databases. The Reactome project (a collaboration between the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York University Medical Center and the European Bioinformatics Institute) is one such pathway database and collects structured information on all the biological pathways and processes in the human. It is an expert-authored and peer-reviewed, curated collection of well-documented molecular reactions that span the gamut from simple intermediate metabolism to signaling pathways and complex cellular events. This information is supplemented with likely orthologous molecular reactions in mouse, rat, zebrafish, worm and other model organisms. This unit describes how to use the Reactome database to learn the steps of a biological pathway; navigate and browse through the Reactome database; identify the pathways in which a molecule of interest is involved; use the Pathway and Expression analysis tools to search the database for and visualize possible connections within user-supplied experimental data set and Reactome pathways; and the Species Comparison tool to compare human and model organism pathways.

Haw, Robin

2012-01-01

364

ADANS database specification  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Air Mobility Command (AMC) Deployment Analysis System (ADANS) Database Specification (DS) is to describe the database organization and storage allocation and to provide the detailed data model of the physical design and information necessary for the construction of the parts of the database (e.g., tables, indexes, rules, defaults). The DS includes entity relationship diagrams, table and field definitions, reports on other database objects, and a description of the ADANS data dictionary. ADANS is the automated system used by Headquarters AMC and the Tanker Airlift Control Center (TACC) for airlift planning and scheduling of peacetime and contingency operations as well as for deliberate planning. ADANS also supports planning and scheduling of Air Refueling Events by the TACC and the unit-level tanker schedulers. ADANS receives input in the form of movement requirements and air refueling requests. It provides a suite of tools for planners to manipulate these requirements/requests against mobility assets and to develop, analyze, and distribute schedules. Analysis tools are provided for assessing the products of the scheduling subsystems, and editing capabilities support the refinement of schedules. A reporting capability provides formatted screen, print, and/or file outputs of various standard reports. An interface subsystem handles message traffic to and from external systems. The database is an integral part of the functionality summarized above.

NONE

1997-01-16

365

Indian genetic disease database  

PubMed Central

Indians, representing about one-sixth of the world population, consist of several thousands of endogamous groups with strong potential for excess of recessive diseases. However, no database is available on Indian population with comprehensive information on the diseases common in the country. To address this issue, we present Indian Genetic Disease Database (IGDD) release 1.0 (http://www.igdd.iicb.res.in)—an integrated and curated repository of growing number of mutation data on common genetic diseases afflicting the Indian populations. Currently the database covers 52 diseases with information on 5760 individuals carrying the mutant alleles of causal genes. Information on locus heterogeneity, type of mutation, clinical and biochemical data, geographical location and common mutations are furnished based on published literature. The database is currently designed to work best with Internet Explorer 8 (optimal resolution 1440?×?900) and it can be searched based on disease of interest, causal gene, type of mutation and geographical location of the patients or carriers. Provisions have been made for deposition of new data and logistics for regular updation of the database. The IGDD web portal, planned to be made freely available, contains user-friendly interfaces and is expected to be highly useful to the geneticists, clinicians, biologists and patient support groups of various genetic diseases.

Pradhan, Sanchari; Sengupta, Mainak; Dutta, Anirban; Bhattacharyya, Kausik; Bag, Sumit K.; Dutta, Chitra; Ray, Kunal

2011-01-01

366

Shuttle Hypervelocity Impact Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With three flights remaining on the manifest, the shuttle impact hypervelocity database has over 2800 entries. The data is currently divided into tables for crew module windows, payload bay door radiators and thermal protection system regions, with window impacts compromising just over half the records. In general, the database provides dimensions of hypervelocity impact damage, a component level location (i.e., window number or radiator panel number) and the orbiter mission when the impact occurred. Additional detail on the type of particle that produced the damage site is provided when sampling data and definitive analysis results are available. The paper will provide details and insights on the contents of the database including examples of descriptive statistics using the impact data. A discussion of post flight impact damage inspection and sampling techniques that were employed during the different observation campaigns will be presented. Future work to be discussed will be possible enhancements to the database structure and availability of the data for other researchers. A related database of ISS returned surfaces that are under development will also be introduced.

Hyde, James I.; Christiansen, Eric I.; Lear, Dana M.

2011-01-01

367

Records for Electronic Databases in the Online Catalog at Middle Tennessee State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article recounts a project at the Middle Tennessee State University library to include records for electronic databases in the online catalog. Although electronic databases are accessible via the library's Databases A-Z list and related subject guides, cataloging these resources also provides access via the online catalog, allowing more of…

Geckle, Beverly J.; Pozzebon, Mary Ellen; Williams, Jo

2008-01-01

368

Preparing College Students To Search Full-Text Databases: Is Instruction Necessary?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Full-text databases allow Central Missouri State University's clients to access some of the serials that libraries have had to cancel due to escalating subscription costs; EbscoHost, the subject of this study, is one such database. The database is available free to all Missouri residents. A survey was designed consisting of 21 questions intended…

Riley, Cheryl; Wales, Barbara

369

Survey of Databases Available on CD-ROM: Types, Availability, and Content.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview and statistical profile of currently available CD-ROM databases. Trends in the following areas are discussed: types of databases available (index, source, reference, full text, numeric, software and images); subject areas covered by databases; update frequency; and pricing. A list of key publishers and software is provided.…

Nicholls, Paul; Van Den Elshout, Ria

1990-01-01

370

The compilation of food analysis values as a database for dietary studies—the finnish experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

In dietary studies the food composition data are needed for assessing intake of study subjects. A database for this purpose should include content for foods as consumed, i.e. the database should include brands and dishes described by recipes. The progress made in developing the national Finnish food composition database for dietary studies at the National Public Health Institute is presented.

Marja-Leena Ovaskainen; Liisa M. Valsta; Jukka Lauronen

1996-01-01

371

Human Rights Media Coverage in Chinese East Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis was made of mass media coverage originating in four Chinese-speaking regions of the world—the People's Republic of China (PRC), Hong Kong, Singapore, and Taiwan. The analysis was of coverage of human rights of three types: civil and political; social and economic; and due process. Rights were also scored as to whether they pertained to individuals and businesses. One

David P. Fan; Jennifer Ostini

1999-01-01

372

Homogenous Agendas, Disparate Frames: CNN and CNN International Coverage Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although CNN and CNN International represent just a fraction of global news coverage, the networks are widely viewed, crucial agenda-setting agents the world over. This study found that the online versions of these 2 networks were remarkably consistent in telling audiences in America and abroad what to think about. However, American and non-American online audiences received disparate amounts of coverage

Jacob Groshek

2008-01-01

373

On Maximizing Delay-Constrained Coverage of Urban Vehicular Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The success of a real-time sensing application with a vehicular network highly depends on the spatiotemporal coverage of sensing data that can be collected from the vehicular network. Deploying broadband wireless base stations is an effective way to collect vehicular sensing data and the deployment of base stations has a great impact on delay-constrained coverage. This paper considers the critical

Yanmin Zhu; Youchen Bao; Bo Li

2012-01-01

374

Integrated coverage and connectivity configuration in wireless sensor networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

An effective approach for energy conservation in wireless sensor networks is scheduling sleep intervals for extraneous nodes, while the remaining nodes stay active to provide continuous service. For the sensor network to operate successfully, the active nodes must maintain both sensing coverage and network connectivity. Furthermore, the network must be able to configure itself to any feasible degrees of coverage

Xiaorui Wang; Guoliang Xing; Yuanfang Zhang; Chenyang Lu; Robert Pless; Christopher D. Gill

2003-01-01

375

50 CFR 635.7 - At-sea observer coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...coverage. (a) Applicability. NMFS may select for at-sea observer coverage any vessel that has an Atlantic HMS, tunas, shark or swordfish permit issued under § 635.4 or § 635.32. Vessels permitted in the HMS Charter/Headboat and Angling...

2013-10-01

376

Evolution Reporting in 1925: How the Audience Determined Coverage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

General interest, scientific, and religious periodicals responded to the theory of evolution in 1925 with the same opinions but slanted their coverage to appeal to different readerships. "Scientific American" and "Current History" differed only stylistically in their coverage of the "Australopithecus africanus" discovery. Articles and editorials…

Spencer, Carrie

377

A Political History of Medicare and Prescription Drug Coverage  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the history of efforts to add prescription drug coverage to the Medicare program. It identifies several important patterns in policymaking over four decades. First, prescription drug coverage has usually been tied to the fate of broader proposals for Medicare reform. Second, action has been hampered by divided government, federal budget deficits, and ideological conflict between those seeking

THOMAS R. O LIVER; P HILIP R. L EE; H ELENE L. L IPTON

2004-01-01

378

Subsumption of Condition Coverage Techniques by Mutation Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Condition coverage testing is a family of testing techniques that are based on the logical flow of controlthrough a program. The condition coverage techniques include a variety of requirements, includingthat each statement in the program is executed and that each branch is executed. Mutation testing isa fault-based testing technique that is widely considered to be very powerful, and that imposes

A. Jefferson Offutt; Jeffrey M. Voas

1996-01-01

379

Dynamic Maximum Entropy algorithms for clustering and coverage control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dynamic coverage problem is increasingly found in a wide variety of areas, for example, from the development of mobile sensor networks, to the analysis of clustering in spatio-temporal dynamics of brain signals. In this paper, we apply control-theoretic methods to locate and track cluster center dynamics and show that dynamic control design is necessary to achieve dynamic coverage of

Yunwen Xu; Srinivasa M. Salapaka; Carolyn L. Beck

2010-01-01

380

Coverage Modeling for Dependability Analysis of Fault-Tolerant Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several different models for predicting coverage in a fault-tolerant system, including models for permanent, intermittent, and transient errors, are discussed. Markov, semi-Markov, nonhomogeneous Markov, and extended stochastic Petri net models for computing coverage are developed. Two types of events that interfere with recovery are examined; and methods for modeling such events, whether they are deterministic or random, are given. The

Joanne Bechta Dugan; Kishor S. Trivedi

1989-01-01

381

The Economic Case for Expanding Vaccination Coverage of Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

While childhood vaccination programs, such as WHO’s Expanded Program on Immunization, have had a dramatic impact on child morbidity and mortality worldwide, lack of coverage with several existing vaccines is responsible for large numbers of child deaths each year, mostly in developing countries. According to WHO estimates, increased coverage of three vaccines alone – pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV), rotavirus vaccine

Till Bärnighausen; David Bloom; David Canning; Abigail Friedman; Orin Levine; Jennifer OBrien; Lois Privor-Dumm; Damian Walker

2009-01-01

382

Three-Dimensional Analysis of Deep Space Network Antenna Coverage.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is a need to understand NASA s Deep Space Network (DSN) coverage gaps and any limitations to provide redundant communication coverage for future deep space missions, especially for manned missions to Moon and Mars. The DSN antennas are required to p...

A. Sil M. Fuentes N. Meyer O. Kegege

2012-01-01

383

Vector method based coverage hole recovery in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), sensors form the network dynamically without help of any infrastructure. The accidental death of the nodes due to technical failures or death due to power exhaustion may disturb the existing coverage and connectivity of the network. In this paper, distributed coverage hole recovery algorithms for the wireless sensor networks are designed that use the vector

Prasan Kumar Sahoo; Jang-Zern Tsai; Hong-Lin Ke

2010-01-01

384

Examining Media Coverage: A Classroom Study of Iraq War News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Throughout the 2003 school year, Christopher Leahey's ninth grade global history students followed the media's coverage of the escalating crisis between the United States and Iraq. In early March of that year, as the media's coverage intensified, students brought a multitude of questions and concerns into the classroom. Rather than simply answer…

Leahey, Christopher R.

2004-01-01

385

29 CFR 2530.201-1 - Coverage; general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...201-1 Coverage; general. Coverage of the provisions of part 2 of title I of the Act is determined under a multiple step process. First, the plan must be an employee benefit plan as defined under section 3(3) of the Act and §...

2013-07-01

386

Women's Sports Coverage in Israel: Perception Versus Reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a focus on the question of public interest, the study investigated editing con- siderations of women's sports coverage in written daily newspapers in Israel. To examine sports readers' views regarding the coverage of women in sports sections, and to compare them with the views of sports editorial boards, a representative survey was conducted among male and female readers of

Ilan Tamir; Yair Galily

2010-01-01

387

Comparison of two survey methodologies to assess vaccination coverage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Measuring vaccination coverage permits evaluation and appropriate targeting of vaccination services. The cluster survey methodology developed by the World Health Organization, known as the 'Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) methodology', has been used worldwide to assess vaccination coverage; however, the manner in which households are selected has been criticized by survey statisticians as lacking methodological rigor and introducing bias.

Elizabeth T Luman; Alemayehu Worku; Yemane Berhane; Rebecca Martin; Lisa Cairns

388

Make Kids Count: Closing the Gap in Children's Health Coverage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) in Arizona is called KidsCare. This report provides a portrait of children's health coverage in the state after a year of operation of KidsCare. Following an executive summary, the first section of the report presents overall statistics and trends in children's health coverage. The second section…

Stemmler, Peggy; Naimark, Dana Wolfe

389

Local Coverage of Three Mile Island during 1981-82.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Local newspaper coverage of the Three Mile Island (TMI) nuclear power plant accident was examined in a study to determine what changes, if any, were made by local media and what lessons they had learned from it. Data were collected through interviews with 21 media representatives. TMI coverage in the six newspapers was examined using each…

Friedman, Sharon M.

390

Radio planning and coverage optimization of 3G cellular networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radio planning and coverage optimization are critical issues for service providers and vendors that are deploying third generation mobile networks and need to control coverage as well as the huge costs involved. Due to the peculiarities of the Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) scheme used in 3G cellular systems like UMTS and CDMA2000, network planning cannot be based only on

Edoardo Amaldi; Antonio Capone; Federico Malucelli

2008-01-01

391

Crop Residue Coverage Estimation Using ASTER Imagery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Soil erosion and its related runoff is a serious problem in U.S. agriculture. USDA has classified 33 percent of U.S. agricultural land as being highly erodible. It is well recognized that residue coverage on the soil surface can reduce soil erosion. The National Food Security Act of 1985 requires that agricultural producers protect all highly erodible cropland from excessive erosion. The 2002 Farm Bill gave U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) the authority to make a determination of compliance. NRCS is currently running several programs to implement conservation practices and to monitor compliance. To be in compliance, growers must keep crop residue cover more than 30 percent of the field. This requires field-level assessment. The NRCS does not have the resources to regularly survey every field. One potential approach for compliance decision making is using data from the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) sensor onboard NASA's Terra satellite. ASTER data provides 15 bands of 15 meter visible/NIR (VNIR) and 30 meter SWIR resolution data. Both the spatial resolution and spectral wavelength range and resolution are suitable for field level residue cover estimation. The objective of this study was to explore the potential of using ASTER data for crop residue cover estimation. The results indicate that ASTER imagery has good capability to identify residue within the corn fields and moderate capability in soybean residue estimation. SWIR bands have the most promise in separating crop residue when compared to the VNIR bands. Satellite based remote sensing imagery could be a potential rapid decision making tool for NRCS's compliance programs.

Lewis, D.; Yao, H.; Kincaid, R.

2006-12-01

392

UHF Radio Wave Attenuation Factor Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As is known each sea-going vessel is equipped with navigation, communication and other radio engineering facilities that serve to secure the safety of navigation and are chiefly operated at UHF-wave band. In developing these systems and calculating the energy potential for a necessary coverage range one should be well aware of the radio signal attenuation processes on a propagation path. The key parameter of this path is the (radio) wave attenuation factor V and its distance dependence V(R). A diversity of factors influencing the radio signal attenuation over the oceanic expanses, especially well pronounced and quite stable tropospheric ducts, and the lack of experimental data were the compelling reasons why the researchers of the Institute for Radiophysics and Electronics, NASU, had spent many years on comprehensive radiophysical investigations carried out in different regions of the Atlantic, Indian, Arctic and Pacific Oceans. The experimental data obtained allow creating the database of radio wave attenuation factor V.

Khomenko, S. I.; Kostina, V. L.; Mytsenko, I. M.; Roenko, A. N.

2007-07-01

393

Determining health insurance coverage of technology: problems and options.  

PubMed

By deciding which medical procedures are eligible for reimbursement, health insurance programs possess the potential to affect significantly technology use and health care spending. Traditionally, insurers have adopted a passive stance and made relatively few negative coverage determinations. However, resistance to rapidly rising costs has created a powerful inducement for third-party payors to become more prudent purchasers of health care services. Consequently, both Medicare and Blue Cross--Blue Shield are considering the implementation of changes that may ultimately result in more restrictive coverage decisions. This article examines the coverage process of Medicare and Blue Cross--Blue Shield and the policy changes that both programs are considering. In addition, it discusses the strengths and drawbacks of four coverage policy options: restricting insurance coverage of unproven procedures, introducing cost-effectiveness criteria, educating physicians and educating consumers. PMID:6796788

Greenberg, B; Derzon, R A

1981-10-01

394

Predicted sky coverage for the TMT MCAO system NFIRAOS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

TMT has chosen the MCAO system NFIRAOS to be its first light AO system in part to provide astronomers with exceptional sky coverage. The TMT science requirements demand that its AO system provide wavefront errors of less than or equal to 191 nm at the galactic pole at least 50% of the time (under median atmospheric conditions when observing at zenith). This requirement drove many aspects of the NFIRAOS design from the size of the FOV, to the use of NIR MCAO-corrected NGSs, to the sensitivity of the WFSs (and corresponding limiting magnitude of the NGSs). In this paper, we build upon the sky coverage simulations of L. Wang et al. to produce smooth sky coverage maps generated for different hour angles (potential exposure time lengths), and different atmospheric conditions. We show that NFIRAOS should meet its sky coverage requirement at the North Galactic Pole, and that the sky coverage generally will be much higher than 50% at lower galactic latitudes.

Andersen, David; Wang, Lianqi; Ellerbroek, Brent; Herriot, Glen

2011-09-01

395

Protein structure databases.  

PubMed

Web-based protein structure databases come in a wide variety of types and levels of information content. Those having the most general interest are the various atlases that describe each experimentally determined protein structure and provide useful links, analyses and schematic diagrams relating to its 3D structure and biological function. Also of great interest are the databases that classify 3D structures by their folds as these can reveal evolutionary relationships which may be hard to detect from sequence comparison alone. Related to these are the numerous servers that compare folds-particularly useful for newly solved structures, and especially those of unknown function. Beyond these there are a vast number of databases for the most specialized user, dealing with specific families, diseases, structural features and so on. PMID:21225378

Laskowski, Roman A

2011-06-01

396

FAOSTAT: FAO Statistical Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1997 the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations made available several searchable databases containing extensive agricultural data from many countries. Data is provided for production, trade, commodity supply and demand balances, population, land use, and fisheries. Users can select geographical areas, commodities or products, variables relating to those commodities or products, and an annual time series ranging from as early as 1961, depending on the series. Results can be downloaded as text tables, bar or line graphs with user definable axes, or CSV file format -- text with comma separated values for easy import into spreadsheet or other statistical applications. It is important to carefully read the help files that accompany each database in order to fully exploit the searching system. The FAOSTAT Databases give the user access to an amazing amount of country data.

1997-01-01

397

Hospital Records Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new joint project from the Wellcome Trust and the UK Public Record Office helps researchers locate records of hospitals all over the UK. The database currently contains over 2,800 entries and may be searched by hospital or town name. Information contained in the database includes administrative details of the hospitals, location and covering dates of administrative and clinical records, and the existence of lists, catalogs or other finding aids. A sample search for "royal" under hospital name returned 210 records, and one for "Manchester" under town name produced 124 returns. While the target audience of this database -- researchers in British medical history -- is rather specialized, this new resource will prove extremely useful for these scholars and their students.

398

Superconductivity Papers Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Electrotechnical Laboratory (Ministry of International Trade and Industry) and the International Superconductivity Technology Center Foundation (Japan) provide this no-frills, searchable-only bibliographic database of 32,000 superconductivity papers in the areas of High Tc, C60 (Fullerene) related, organic, non-oxide, and oxide conductor. Papers can be searched on title, author, abstract word, or year. The database contains citations mostly from 1987-present in pertinent scholarly journals. The "How to Search" section gives hints on browsing parts of the database via use of the truncation symbol in combination with a classificatory serial number prefix. While there is nothing pretty or particularly user-friendly about the interface, the number of citations on these highly specialized topics should be of use researchers in the field.

1998-01-01

399

New World Fruits Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, this database was developed as an information resource on fruits from the Americas. Based on a September 2004 assessment, the New Worlds Fruits Database contained information about "1253 fruit species belonging to 302 genera and 69 families." Species profiles include vernacular names, geographic distribution, uses, bibliographic references, and links to additional Internet resources. Text searches can be conducted by Genus, Species, and Vernacular Name. Drop-down menus are available for several search fields including Family, Fruit Part, Product, Floristic Region, and Region or Country of Origin. The Fruits Database is still under development, and scientists, fruit growers, and other knowledgeable persons are encouraged to submit information and suggestions.

2010-05-13

400

International Architecture Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Drawing on the contributions from persons across much of Europe, the International Architecture Database website has served as a valuable clearinghouse for thousands of architectural projects (both built and unrealized) since 1996. Currently, the database contains information on more than 13,000 projects, most from the 20th and 21st centuries. Visitors can begin by browsing the database by name, location, or keyword. Looking at a single record, visitors will be presented with a host of information, such as building type, primary architect, location, years of construction, and in certain cases with external links, photographs, and plans. Looking through the lists of keywords can actually be quite useful, as each keyword is linked to examples that are demonstrative of the idea suggested by the keyword, such as early Gothic or elementary school. Overall, this is a fine resource for those persons who wish to learn a bit more about architecture or for those looking for information on different architectural projects.

401

SODA: Solar Radiation Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Solar Database, or SoDa, is described as an integration and exploitation of networked Solar radiation Databases for environment monitoring and as a project that aims to integrate European-wide solar radiation resources (i.e. databases, processing chains and educational resources) into one, thematically organized, Web site. The search tool allows users to search for data from a variety of sources including Long Term Time Series Data, Climatological Data, Simulation of Radiation Under Clear Skies Data, Solar Energy Systems Data, and much more. Once a particular set is located, the user can view a description of the source and contents of the data, as well as click on the provided links to access them.

402

Current Status of Atomic Spectroscopy Databases at NIST  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NIST's Atomic Spectroscopy Data Center maintains several online databases on atomic spectroscopy. These databases can be accessed via the http://physics.nist.gov/PhysRefData web page. Our main database, Atomic Spectra Database (ASD) has recently been upgraded to v. 4.1.1, which contains critically evaluated data for about 174,000 spectral lines and 92,000 energy levels of almost all elements in the periodic table. A new version 5.0 is to be released this year. It will be extended to include the ground states and ionization energies of all elements up to Ds (Z=110) in all ionization stages with a new Web interface for displaying them. We continue maintaining and regularly updating our bibliography databases, ensuring comprehensive coverage of current literature on atomic spectra, including energy levels, spectral lines, transition probabilities, hyperfine structure, isotope shifts, Zeeman and Stark effects. We continue maintaining other popular databases such as the Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopy Data, searchable atlases of spectra of Pt-Ne and Th-Ne lamps, and non-LTE plasma-kinetics code comparisons.

Kramida, Alexander; Ralchenko, Yuri; Reader, Joseph

2012-06-01

403

Three-Dimensional Analysis of Deep Space Network Antenna Coverage  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

There is a need to understand NASA s Deep Space Network (DSN) coverage gaps and any limitations to provide redundant communication coverage for future deep space missions, especially for manned missions to Moon and Mars. The DSN antennas are required to provide continuous communication coverage for deep space flights, interplanetary missions, and deep space scientific observations. The DSN consists of ground antennas located at three sites: Goldstone in USA, Canberra in Australia, and Madrid in Spain. These locations are not separated by the exactly 120 degrees and some DSN antennas are located in the bowl-shaped mountainous terrain to shield against radiofrequency interference resulting in a coverage gap in the southern hemisphere for the current DSN architecture. To analyze the extent of this gap and other coverage limitations, simulations of the DSN architecture were performed. In addition to the physical properties of the DSN assets, the simulation incorporated communication forward link calculations and azimuth/elevation masks that constrain the effects of terrain for each DSN antenna. Analysis of the simulation data was performed to create coverage profiles with the receiver settings at a deep space altitudes ranging from 2 million to 10 million km and a spherical grid resolution of 0.25 degrees with respect to longitude and latitude. With the results of these simulations, two- and three-dimensional representations of the area without communication coverage and area with coverage were developed, showing the size and shape of the communication coverage gap projected in space. Also, the significance of this communication coverage gap is analyzed from the simulation data.

Kegege, Obadiah; Fuentes, Michael; Meyer, Nicholas; Sil, Amy

2012-01-01

404

Migration Policy Institute: State Legislation Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Migration Policy Institute has worked on a number of resources for scholars and journalists, and this latest addition to their site is another worthy venture in this vein. The State Legislation Database is a free, searchable data tool designed "to generate information about all immigration-related bills and resolutions introduced in state legislatures." The information is classified by state, region, subject area, legislative type, and bill status, and visitors can search through all of the data via their specialized search engine. This particular project is a joint project of the Migration Policy Institute and a research team at the New York University School of Law. Currently, the database contains data from 2001 to 2007, and they are planning on adding additional legislation in the future. More casual visitors can also just take a quick look at some brief tables, which feature state immigration legislature by type, bill status, and subject area.

405

Georgetown Bioethics Library: Syllabus Exchange Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The study of bioethics at the undergraduate and high school level continues to grow exponentially, and a number of online resources help educators who seek to incorporate this subject into their courses. This collection contains over 100 syllabi that relate broadly to ethics and genetics, and the materials come from seminars and short-term continuing education classes. Visitors to the syllabus database can browse by subject (like eugenics and sociobiology) or educational level. Some of the more notable syllabi here include "Genetics and the Law", "Biomedical Ethics", and "Bioethical Dilemmas". Educators in this field are also encouraged to send along their own syllabi for potential inclusion in the database. Finally, the site also contains links to additional curriculum development resources.

406

Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2004  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released in August 2005 by the U.S. Census Bureau, this timely 85-page report examines recent changes within the demographic profile of the real median household income of US residents, along with material on the nation's official poverty rate and those persons without health insurance coverage. The data in the report is based on information from 2003 and 2004, and notes that the nation's official poverty rate rose from 12.5 percent in 2003 to 12.7 percent in 2004. The report also notes that the number of persons without health insurance coverage increased by approximately 800,000 to 45.8 million. The report itself is divided into six chapters, and also includes four appendices which details such crucial research questions as how the Bureau measures income and poverty. For persons with a keen interest in this subject (such as policy makers or scholars) this report will be a valued research tool.

2005-01-01

407

What Are the Connections between Subject Developments in Academic and School Geography?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geography, the academic discipline, is in a continual state of change. The major paradigm shifts within the subject are well documented as are calls for unity at times of perceived fragmentation. Changes within the school subject of geography have received less coverage but are equally significant in terms of the future position of the subject

Rawding, Charles

2010-01-01

408

Earth Impact Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This database contains information on confirmed impact structures around the world. A series of interactive maps, one for each continent, shows the locations of impact structures. Users can roll their mouse over the locations to see structure names and click on them to access physical information such as location (latitude and longitude), diameter, age, maps, photos, cross-sections (where available), and a list of references. The database can also be sorted by age, diameter, or name. There is also a list of the principal criteria for determining if a geological feature is an impact structure, an essay on impact cratering on Earth, and a frequently-asked-questions page.

409

Organic Compounds Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Colby College Department of Chemistry offers the Organic Compounds Database, which was compiled by Harold Bell of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute. Visitors can search by the compounds melting point, boiling point, index of refraction, molecular weight, formula, absorption wavelength, mass spectral peak, chemical type, and by partial name. Once entered, results are returned with basically the same type of information that can be searched, plus any other critical information. References are provided for the close to 2500 organic compounds included in the database; yet, because the site was last modified in 1995, varying the data may be required to fully authenticate its accuracy.

Bell, Harold M.

2000-01-01

410

Chico State Herbarium Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 88,000 mounted and dried specimens, the "Biological Sciences Herbarium at California State University, Chico is the most complete repository of plant specimens from northeastern California. The emphasis is on the local flora, and includes a number of rare, threatened, and endangered plant species." Samples in the Herbarium include ferns, conifers, flowering plants, lichens, bryophytes, and slime molds. The Herbarium Database is still adding specimen label information. The Database includes search fields for Genus, Species, and Subspecies. All higher academic institutions are eligible for specimen loans from the Herbarium.

2007-08-28

411

Russian Regional Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Centre for the Study of Public Policy (CSPP) at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow has created a new online database that presents a comparative overview of eleven Russian regions: Central, Central Black Earth, East Siberia, Far East, North Caucasus, Northern, North-west, Urals, Volga, Volgo-Vyatka, and West Siberia. The database provides data garnered from official government statistics and public opinion surveys to compare indicators that measure economic competitiveness; labor market change; and social cohesion, exclusion, and stability. The data are accompanied by analysis written by Professor Richard Rose.

1998-01-01

412

ENZYME: Enzyme Nomenclature Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently updated, the ENZYME: Enzyme Nomenclature Database is based mainly on recommendations by the Nomenclature Committee of the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB) and "describes each type of characterized enzyme for which an EC (Enzyme Commission) number has been provided." An online user manual describes how to access and use the database, which may be searched by EC number, enzyme class, official description or alternative name(s), chemical compound, or cofactor. Typical returns include Names, Reaction catalyzed, Comments, Human Genetic Diseases, and a host of hyperlinked cross-references. ENZYME is provided by the Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics.

413

Children's Picture Book Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at Miami University, the Children's Picture Book Database indexes abstracts of over 4,000 picture books for children. Designed as tool for teachers creating literature-based thematic units for all disciplines, the database is searchable by a set of topical keywords (over 900) organized by discipline or alphabetically, or by a boolean combination search. Entries include title and author, an abstract, and a list of related keywords. Many of the topic listings also provide related links. A well-organized and useful site for preschool to third grade teachers, parents, and librarians.

414

The Ribosomal Database Project.  

PubMed Central

The Ribosomal Database Project (RDP) is a curated database that offers ribosome-related data, analysis services, and associated computer programs. The offerings include phylogenetically ordered alignments of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) sequences, derived phylogenetic trees, rRNA secondary structure diagrams, and various software for handling, analyzing and displaying alignments and trees. The data are available via anonymous ftp (rdp.life.uiuc.edu), electronic mail (server/rdp.life.uiuc.edu) and gopher (rdpgopher.life.uiuc.edu). The electronic mail server also provides ribosomal probe checking, approximate phylogenetic placement of user-submitted sequences, screening for chimeric nature of newly sequenced rRNAs, and automated alignment.

Maidak, B L; Larsen, N; McCaughey, M J; Overbeek, R; Olsen, G J; Fogel, K; Blandy, J; Woese, C R

1994-01-01

415

HIV Molecular Immunology Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The HIV Molecular Immunology Database, associated with the Los Alamos National Laboratory, the University of California, and the US Department of Energy, "is an annotated, searchable collection of HIV-1 cytotoxic and helper T-cell epitopes and antibody binding sites." Links are provided to a number of other tools, as well as the associated HIV Immunology Database Compendia, which is downloadable in Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) format. The search functions are fairly easy to use with several drop down boxes to select the fields of interest.

2008-10-01

416

A Laserdisk for Law Students--IAC's LegalTrac Database.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates usefulness of LegalTrac Database at University of Florida College of Law for information coverage; indexing; ease in locating information compared to online and manual searching; and user reactions. Problems encountered with the system's software and equipment and practical suggestions for its use are included. (CDD)

Rawnsley, L. Scott

1986-01-01

417

Integrating stations from the National Gravity Database into a local GPS-based land gravity survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to augment local gravity surveys by using additional gravity stations stored in an easily accessible national database can greatly increase the areal coverage and spatial resolution of a survey. It is, however, necessary to integrate such data seamlessly with the local survey. We present a set of procedures for such a seamless integration. The necessary starting components include

T. Shoberg; P. Stoddard

2010-01-01

418

Full coverage film cooling using compound angle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An experimental and numerical study is carried out on a cooling film issuing from a multiperforated wall of a simplified combustor. The objectives of this work are to achieve a better understanding of the dynamics of the film and to construct an experimental database on a simplified geometry in order to test numerical models. A parametric study of film cooling efficiency based on the direction of the cooling air injection is presented and shows that a swirling injection greatly enhances the cooling efficiency. As accounting for multiperforated walls in numerical simulations cannot be done at the jets scale because of computing resources, in this article are presented RANS computations performed using a uniform boundary condition to provide the injection of coolant. Two injection models are applied on this boundary and numerical results are compared to experimental data in the recovery region. The standard model is shown to be totally inappropriate while the multiperforation model delivers promising results although some weaknesses appear very close to the wall. To cite this article: B. Michel et al., C. R. Mecanique 337 (2009).

Michel, Brice; Gajan, Pierre; Strzelecki, Alain; Savary, Nicolas; Kourta, Azeddine; Boisson, Henri-Claude

2009-06-01

419

Coverage Access Services for Earth and Space Sciences: Requirements Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation will briefly discuss the different perspectives that characterize the main geo-spatial Communities as far as the coverage data model is concerned. Then, it will present the results of a user requirements analysis for an effective coverage access service conceived to serve the use scenarios of the Earth and Space Science Community. Eventually, possible new categories of access services are described comparing them with the existing service implementations. The coverage concept was defined by the ISO 19123 to summarise the different conceptual and physical representations of an image, going further by enlarging the variety of geospatial information that can be represented this way. In fact, a coverage is a feature that has multiple values for each attribute type, where each direct position within the geometric representation of the feature has a single value for each attribute type. The coverage concept generalizes and extends the raster structure type by referring to any data representation that assigns values directly to spatial positions -regularly and non-regularly distributed. In fact, a coverage associates a position within a domain (commonly, spatial-temporal domain) to a value of a defined data type. Hence, it realizes a function (namely, coverage function) from a domain to an attribute domain -i.e. the co-domain or coverage range. Just as the concepts of discrete and continuous phenomena are not mutually exclusive, their representations as discrete features or coverages are not mutually exclusive. The same phenomenon may be represented as either a discrete feature or a coverage. However, coverages are the prevailing data structures in Earth and Space Science community. The analysis of software requirements for coverage access services was made adopting two methods concurrently the Critical Success Factor (CSF) analysis method, which was supplemented by the Usage Cases analysis. This methodology was chosen by the W3C for the Web Services Architecture analysis. The CSF Analysis methodology is a top-down means of determining requirements based on the needs of the organization while the Use Case approach implements a bottom-up methodology collecting users' requirements. The respective results were cross-referenced to ensure consistency. The vast majority of use cases are taken from the work of the OGC GALEON Working Group in the coverage domain. Mainly, GALEON use cases are stemming from the meteo-ocean community, or Fluid Earth Science (FES); however, they appear to cover most of the requirements characterizing the overall Earth and Space Science community.

Nativi, S.; Domenico, B.

2009-04-01

420

Automatic magnetometer calibration with small space coverage  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of a standalone Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) has proved to be insufficient when navigating indoors or in urban canyons due to multipath or obstruction. Recent technological advances in low cost micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) -- based sensors (like accelerometers, gyroscopes and magnetometers) enabled the development of sensor-based navigation systems. Although MEMS sensors are low-cost, lightweight, small size, and have low-power consumption, they have complex error characteristics. Accurate computation of the heading angle (azimuth) is one of the most important aspects of any navigation system. It can be computed either by gyroscopes or magnetometers. Gyroscopes are inertial sensors that can provide the angular rate from which the heading can be calculated, however, their outputs drift with time. Moreover, the accumulated errors due to mathematical integration, performed to obtain the heading angle, lead to large heading errors. On the other hand, magnetometers do not suffer from drift and the calculation of heading does not suffer from error accumulation. They can provide an absolute heading from the magnetic north by sensing the earth's magnetic field. However, magnetometer readings are usually affected by magnetic fields, other than the earth magnetic field, and by other error sources; therefore magnetometer calibration is required to use magnetometer as a reliable source of heading in navigation applications. In this thesis, a framework for fast magnetometer calibration is proposed. This framework requires little space coverage with no user involvement in the calibration process, and does not need specific movements to be performed. The proposed techniques are capable of performing both 2-dimensional (2D) and 3-dimensional (3D) calibration for magnetometers. They are developed to consider different scenarios suitable for different applications, and can benefit from natural device movements. Some applications involve tethering the magnetometers to the moving platform (like in cars and machinery applications). Other applications are related to portable navigation (smartphone navigation, whether for pedestrians or while driving). The developed framework was examined through experimental work to verify its performance and robustness.

Wahdan, Ahmed

421

Supplementing high-density SNP microarrays for additional coverage of disease-related genes: addiction as a paradigm.  

PubMed

Commercial SNP microarrays now provide comprehensive and affordable coverage of the human genome. However, some diseases have biologically relevant genomic regions that may require additional coverage. Addiction, for example, is thought to be influenced by complex interactions among many relevant genes and pathways. We have assembled a list of 486 biologically relevant genes nominated by a panel of experts on addiction. We then added 424 genes that showed evidence of association with addiction phenotypes through mouse QTL mappings and gene co-expression analysis. We demonstrate that there are a substantial number of SNPs in these genes that are not well represented by commercial SNP platforms. We address this problem by introducing a publicly available SNP database for addiction. The database is annotated using numeric prioritization scores indicating the extent of biological relevance. The scores incorporate a number of factors such as SNP/gene functional properties (including synonymy and promoter regions), data from mouse systems genetics and measures of human/mouse evolutionary conservation. We then used HapMap genotyping data to determine if a SNP is tagged by a commercial microarray through linkage disequilibrium. This combination of biological prioritization scores and LD tagging annotation will enable addiction researchers to supplement commercial SNP microarrays to ensure comprehensive coverage of biologically relevant regions. PMID:19381300

Saccone, Scott F; Bierut, Laura J; Chesler, Elissa J; Kalivas, Peter W; Lerman, Caryn; Saccone, Nancy L; Uhl, George R; Li, Chuan-Yun; Philip, Vivek M; Edenberg, Howard J; Sherry, Stephen T; Feolo, Michael; Moyzis, Robert K; Rutter, Joni L

2009-01-01

422

The AMMA database  

Microsoft Academic Search

The AMMA project includes aircraft, ground-based and ocean measurements, an intensive use of satellite data and diverse modelling studies. Therefore, the AMMA database aims at storing a great amount and a large variety of data, and at providing the data as rapidly and safely as possible to the AMMA research community. In order to stimulate the exchange of information and

Jean-Luc Boichard; Guillaume Brissebrat; Sophie Cloche; Laurence Eymard; Laurence Fleury; Laurence Mastrorillo; Oumarou Moulaye; Karim Ramage

2010-01-01

423

The Peptaibol Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online database from the Crystallography Department at Birkbeck College, London "deals primarily with naturally occurring peptides, generally these have a fungal origin." The search function is easy to use; data can be queried by name, family, or residue motif. Another useful feature is the Peptaibol Picture Gallery, which includes images of several peptaibols.

Chugh, Jasveen.; Whitmore, Lee.

2001-01-01

424

Indexing in Spatial Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial information processing has been a focus of research in the past decade. In spatial databases, data are associated with spatial coordinates and extents, and are retrieved based on spatial proximity. A formidable number of spatial indexes have been proposed to facilitate spatial data retrieval. In this paper, we examine various spatial indexes proposed in the literature and present a

Beng Chin Ooi; Ron Sacks-Davis Jiawei

425

NATIONAL NUTRIENTS DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Purpose: The Nutrient Criteria Program has initiated development of a National relational database application that will be used to store and analyze nutrient data. The ultimate use of these data will be to derive ecoregion- and waterbody-specific numeric nutrient...

426

Triatomic Spectral Database  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 117 Triatomic Spectral Database (Web, free access)   All of the rotational spectral lines observed and reported in the open literature for 55 triatomic molecules have been tabulated. The isotopic molecular species, assigned quantum numbers, observed frequency, estimated measurement uncertainty and reference are given for each transition reported.

427

ENVIRONMENTAL FATE DATABASE (ENVIROFATE)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Fate Database contains more than 13,000 records of information on the environmental fate or behavior (i.e., transport and degradation) of approximately 800 chemical released into the environment. Chemicals selected for inclusion are produced in quantities exceed...

428

Weathering Database Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collecting weather data is a traditional part of a meteorology unit at the middle level. However, making connections between the data and weather conditions can be a challenge. One way to make these connections clearer is to enter the data into a database. This allows students to quickly compare different fields of data and recognize which…

Snyder, Robert

2005-01-01

429

High Performance Buildings Database  

DOE Data Explorer

The High Performance Buildings Database is a shared resource for the building industry, a unique central repository of in-depth information and data on high-performance, green building projects across the United States and abroad. The database includes information on the energy use, environmental performance, design process, finances, and other aspects of each project. Members of the design and construction teams are listed, as are sources for additional information. In total, up to twelve screens of detailed information are provided for each project profile. Projects range in size from small single-family homes or tenant fit-outs within buildings to large commercial and institutional buildings and even entire campuses. The database is a data repository as well. A series of Web-based data-entry templates allows anyone to enter information about a building project into the database. Once a project has been submitted, each of the partner organizations can review the entry and choose whether or not to publish that particular project on its own Web site.

430

NATIONAL ASSESSMENT DATABASE (NAD)  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Purpose: The National Assessment Database stores State water quality assessments that are reported under Section 305(b) of the Clean Water Act. The data are stored by individual water quality assessments. Threatened, partially and not supporting waters also have da...

431

A multilingual prosodic database  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a prosodic corpus in five languages (French, English, Italian, German and Spanish) comprising 4 hours and 20 minutes of speech and involving 50 different speakers (5 male and 5 female per language). The recordings on which the corpus is based are extracted from the EUROM 1 speech database and consists of passages of about five sentences. The corpus

Estelle Campione; Jean Véronis

1998-01-01

432

Taxes in Europe Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Taxes in Europe database is the European Commission's on-line information tool covering the main taxes in force in the EU Member States. Access is free for all users. The system contains information on around 650 taxes, as provided to the European Commission by the national authorities. The \\

2009-01-01

433

Trace Fossil Image Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This database from Emory University consists of images and basic information concerning trace fossils photographed by Anthony Martin. Included in this information is the formation, age, and locality of the specimen if known. Many of the images were originally photographed while in the field, and each type of trace fossil has numerous examples to browse through.

Martin, Anthony; University, Emory

434

The CEBAF Element Database  

SciTech Connect

With the inauguration of the CEBAF Element Database (CED) in Fall 2010, Jefferson Lab computer scientists have taken a step toward the eventual goal of a model-driven accelerator. Once fully populated, the database will be the primary repository of information used for everything from generating lattice decks to booting control computers to building controls screens. A requirement influencing the CED design is that it provide access to not only present, but also future and past configurations of the accelerator. To accomplish this, an introspective database schema was designed that allows new elements, types, and properties to be defined on-the-fly with no changes to table structure. Used in conjunction with Oracle Workspace Manager, it allows users to query data from any time in the database history with the same tools used to query the present configuration. Users can also check-out workspaces to use as staging areas for upcoming machine configurations. All Access to the CED is through a well-documented Application Programming Interface (API) that is translated automatically from original C++ source code into native libraries for scripting languages such as perl, php, and TCL making access to the CED easy and ubiquitous.

Theodore Larrieu, Christopher Slominski, Michele Joyce

2011-03-01

435

Enzyme Database - BRENDA  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

BRENDA is the main collection of enzyme functional data available to the scientific community. It is available free of charge for via the internet (www.brenda-enzymes.info) and as an in-house database for commercial users (requests to our distributor Biobase).

Institute Of Biochemistry And Bioinformatics At The Technical University Of Braunschweig, Germany

436

The Ribosomal Database Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Ribosomal Database Project (RDP) complies ribosomal sequences and related data, and redistributes them in aligned and phylogenetically ordered form to its user community. It also offers various software packages for handling, analyzing and displaying sequences. In addition, the RDP offers (or will offer) certain analytic services. At present the project is in an intermediate stage of development.

Olsen, G. J.; Overbeek, R.; Larsen, N.; Marsh, T. L.; McCaughey, M. J.; Maciukenas, M. A.; Kuan, W. M.; Macke, T. J.; Xing, Y.; Woese, C. R.

1992-01-01

437

LHCb distributed conditions database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The LHCb Conditions Database project provides the necessary tools to handle non-event time-varying data. The main users of conditions are reconstruction and analysis processes, which are running on the Grid. To allow efficient access to the data, we need to use a synchronized replica of the content of the database located at the same site as the event data file, i.e. the LHCb Tier1. The replica to be accessed is selected from information stored on LFC (LCG File Catalog) and managed with the interface provided by the LCG developed library CORAL. The plan to limit the submission of jobs to those sites where the required conditions are available will also be presented. LHCb applications are using the Conditions Database framework on a production basis since March 2007. We have been able to collect statistics on the performance and effectiveness of both the LCG library COOL (the library providing conditions handling functionalities) and the distribution framework itself. Stress tests on the CNAF hosted replica of the Conditions Database have been performed and the results will be summarized here.

Clemencic, M.

2008-07-01

438

Extensible database management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Work in the area of extensible database management systems addresses two problems with today's (primarily relational) DBMSs. First, current systems are lacking when it comes to meeting the needs of emerging applications such as CAD\\/CAM, multi-media office systems, image management, statistical data management, and text manipulation. Such applications require support for new data types, functions, complex objects, storage techniques, and

Michael J. Carey; Laura M. Haas

1990-01-01

439

NATIONAL CONTAMINANT OCCURRENCE DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Purpose: Under the 1996 Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments, EPA is to assemble a National Drinking Water Occurrence Database (NCOD) by August 1999. The NCOD is a collection of data of documented quality on unregulated and regulated chemical, radiological, microbia...

440

GENERAL PERMITS DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Purpose: This database was used to provide permit writers with a library of examples for writing general permits. It has not been maintained and is outdated and will be removed. Water Permits Division is trying to determine whether or not to recreate this databas...

441

Metadata in video databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Video is composed of audio-visual information. Providing content based access to video data is essential for the sucessful integration of video into computers. Organizing video for content based access requires the use of video metadata. This paper explores the nature video metadata. A data model for video databases is presented based on a study of the applications of video, the

Ramesh Jain; Arun Hampapur

1994-01-01

442

WETLANDS TREATMENT DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. EPA sponsored a project to collect and catalog information from wastewater treatment wetlands into a computer database. PA has also written a user friendly, stand-alone, menu-driven computer program to allow anyone with DOS 3.3 or higher to access the information in the ...

443

The National DNA Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last two years the Forensic Science Service (FSS) has developed and put into operation a National DNA Database that has analysed samples from individuals suspected of crime and stains from scenes of crime. It has provided more than 2200 links between individuals and scenes and 1200 links between scenes of crime. It uses an STR SGM (second generation

David J Werrett

1997-01-01

444

ECOREGION SPATIAL DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

This spatial database contains boundaries and attributes describing Level III ecoregions in EPA Region 8. The ecoregions shown here have been derived from Omernik (1987) and from refinements of Omernik's framework that have been made for other projects. These ongoing or re...

445

METU interoperable database system  

Microsoft Academic Search

METU INteroperable Database System (MIND) is a multidatabase system that aims at achieving interoperability among heterogeneous, federated DBMSs. MIND architecture if based on OMG distributed object management model. It is implemented on top of a CORBA compliant ORB, namely, ObjectBroker. MIND provides users a single ODMG-93 compliant common data model, and a single global query language based on SQL. This

Asuman Dogac; Cevdet Dengi; Ebru Kilic; G. Ozhan; Fatma Ozcan; Sena Nural; Cem Evrendilek; Ugur Halici; B. Arpinar; Pinar Koksal; N. Kesim; Sema Mancuhan

1995-01-01

446

Contraception and abortion coverage: What do primary care physicians think?  

PubMed Central

Background Insurance coverage for family planning services has been a highly controversial element of the U.S. health care reform debate. Whether primary care providers (PCPs) support public and private health insurance coverage for family planning services is unknown. Study Design PCPs in three states were surveyed regarding their opinions on health plan coverage and tax dollar use for contraception and abortion services. Results Almost all PCPs supported health plan coverage for contraception (96%) and use of tax dollars to cover contraception for low-income women (94%). A smaller majority supported health plan coverage for abortions (61%) and use of tax dollars to cover abortions for low-income women (63%). In adjusted models, support of health plan coverage for abortions was associated with female gender and internal medicine specialty, and support of using tax dollars for abortions for low-income women was associated with older age and internal medicine specialty. Conclusion The majority of PCPs support health insurance coverage of contraception and abortion, as well as tax dollar subsidization of contraception and abortion services for low-income women.

Chuang, Cynthia H.; Martenis, Melissa E.; Parisi, Sara M.; Delano, Rachel E.; Sobota, Mindy; Nothnagle, Melissa; Schwarz, Eleanor Bimla

2011-01-01

447

Estimation of 2006 Northern Hemisphere contrail coverage using MODIS data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Abstract A modified automated contrail detection algorithm (CDA) using five infrared channels available from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer onboard the Aqua satellite is used to determine linear contrail <span class="hlt">coverage</span> over the Northern Hemisphere during 2006. Commercial aircraft flight data are employed to filter false contrail detections by the CDA. The Northern Hemisphere annual mean linear contrail <span class="hlt">coverage</span> ranges from 0.07% to 0.40% for three different CDA sensitivities. Based on visual analyses, the medium sensitivity CDA provides the best estimate of linear contrail <span class="hlt">coverage</span>, which averages 0.13%. If scaled to the Southern Hemisphere, the global mean <span class="hlt">coverage</span> would be 0.07%. <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> is greatest during winter and least during the summer with maximum <span class="hlt">coverage</span> over the North Atlantic. Less <span class="hlt">coverage</span> is observed over heavy European and American traffic areas, likely as a result of difficulties in detecting linear contrails that overlap with each other and with older contrail cirrus. These results are valuable for evaluating the representation of contrails and contrail cirrus within global climate models and for retrieving contrail optical properties and radiative forcing.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Duda, David P.; Minnis, Patrick; Khlopenkov, Konstantin; Chee, Thad L.; Boeke, Robyn</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">448</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002AGUFMOS62B0261K"> <span id="translatedtitle">PMAG: Relational <span class="hlt">Database</span> Definition</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Scripps center for Physical and Chemical Earth References (PACER) was established to help create <span class="hlt">databases</span> for reference data and make them available to the Earth science community. As part of these efforts PACER supports GERM, REM and PMAG and maintains multiple online <span class="hlt">databases</span> under the http://earthref.org umbrella website. This website has been built on top of a relational <span class="hlt">database</span> that allows for the archiving and electronic access to a great variety of data types and formats, permitting data queries using a wide range of metadata. These online <span class="hlt">databases</span> are designed in Oracle 8.1.5 and they are maintained at the San Diego Supercomputer Center. They are directly available via http://earthref.org/<span class="hlt">databases</span>/. A prototype of the PMAG relational <span class="hlt">database</span> is now operational within the existing EarthRef.org framework under http://earthref.org/<span class="hlt">databases</span>/PMAG/. As will be shown in our presentation, the PMAG design focuses around the general workflow that results in the determination of typical paleo-magnetic analyses. This ensures that individual data points can be traced between the actual analysis and the specimen, sample, site, locality and expedition it belongs to. These relations guarantee traceability of the data by distinguishing between original and derived data, where the actual (raw) measurements are performed on the specimen level, and data on the sample level and higher are then derived products in the <span class="hlt">database</span>. These relations may also serve to recalculate site means when new data becomes available for that locality. The PMAG data records are extensively described in terms of metadata. These metadata are used when scientists search through this online <span class="hlt">database</span> in order to view and download their needed data. They minimally include method descriptions for field sampling, laboratory techniques and statistical analyses. They also include selection criteria used during the interpretation of the data and, most importantly, critical information about the site location (latitude, longitude, elevation), geography (continent, country, region), geological setting (lithospheric plate or block, tectonic setting), geological age (age range, timescale name, stratigraphic position) and materials (rock type, classification, alteration state). Each data point and method description is also related to its peer-reviewed reference [citation ID] as archived in the EarthRef Reference <span class="hlt">Database</span> (ERR). This guarantees direct traceability all the way to its original source, where the user can find the bibliography of each PMAG reference along with every abstract, data table, technical note and/or appendix that are available in digital form and that can be downloaded as PDF/JPEG images and Microsoft Excel/Word data files. This may help scientists and teachers in performing their research since they have easy access to all the scientific data. It also allows for checking potential errors during the digitization process. Please visit the PMAG website at http://earthref.org/PMAG/ for more information.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Keizer, P.; Koppers, A.; Tauxe, L.; Constable, C.; Genevey, A.; Staudigel, H.; Helly, J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">449</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22389599"> <span id="translatedtitle">A localized <span class="hlt">coverage</span> preserving protocol for wireless sensor networks.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In a randomly deployed and large scale wireless sensor network, <span class="hlt">coverage</span>-redundant nodes consume much unnecessary energy. As a result, turning off these redundant nodes can prolong the network lifetime, while maintaining the degree of sensing <span class="hlt">coverage</span> with a limited number of on-duty nodes. None of the off-duty eligibility rules in the literature, however, are sufficient and necessary conditions for eligible nodes. Hence redundancy or blind points might be incurred. In this paper we propose a complete Eligibility Rule based on Perimeter <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> (ERPC) for a node to determine its eligibility for sleeping. ERPC has a computational complexity of O(N(2)log(N)), lower than the eligibility rule in the <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> Control Protocol (CCP), O(N(3)), where N is the number of neighboring nodes. We then present a <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> Preserving Protocol (CPP) to schedule the work state of eligible nodes. The main advantage of CPP over the Ottawa protocol lies in its ability to configure the network to any specific <span class="hlt">coverage</span> degree, while the Ottawa protocol does not support different <span class="hlt">coverage</span> configuration. Moreover, as a localized protocol, CPP has better adaptability to dynamic topologies than centralized protocols. Simulation results indicate that CPP can preserve network <span class="hlt">coverage</span> with fewer active nodes than the Ottawa protocol. In addition, CPP is capable of identifying all the eligible nodes exactly while the CCP protocol might result in blind points due to error decisions. Quantitative analysis and experiments demonstrate that CPP can extend the network lifetime significantly while maintaining a given <span class="hlt">coverage</span> degree. PMID:22389599</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Liu, Yuheng; Pu, Juhua; Zhang, Shuo; Liu, Yunlu; Xiong, Zhang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">450</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3280745"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Localized <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> Preserving Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In a randomly deployed and large scale wireless sensor network, <span class="hlt">coverage</span>-redundant nodes consume much unnecessary energy. As a result, turning off these redundant nodes can prolong the network lifetime, while maintaining the degree of sensing <span class="hlt">coverage</span> with a limited number of on-duty nodes. None of the off-duty eligibility rules in the literature, however, are sufficient and necessary conditions for eligible nodes. Hence redundancy or blind points might be incurred. In this paper we propose a complete Eligibility Rule based on Perimeter <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> (ERPC) for a node to determine its eligibility for sleeping. ERPC has a computational complexity of O(N2log(N)), lower than the eligibility rule in the <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> Control Protocol (CCP), O(N3), where N is the number of neighboring nodes. We then present a <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> Preserving Protocol (CPP) to schedule the work state of eligible nodes. The main advantage of CPP over the Ottawa protocol lies in its ability to configure the network to any specific <span class="hlt">coverage</span> degree, while the Ottawa protocol does not support different <span class="hlt">coverage</span> configuration. Moreover, as a localized protocol, CPP has better adaptability to dynamic topologies than centralized protocols. Simulation results indicate that CPP can preserve network <span class="hlt">coverage</span> with fewer active nodes than the Ottawa protocol. In addition, CPP is capable of identifying all the eligible nodes exactly while the CCP protocol might result in blind points due to error decisions. Quantitative analysis and experiments demonstrate that CPP can extend the network lifetime significantly while maintaining a given <span class="hlt">coverage</span> degree.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Liu, Yuheng; Pu, Juhua; Zhang, Shuo; Liu, Yunlu; Xiong, Zhang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">451</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2886898"> <span id="translatedtitle">Tautomerism in large <span class="hlt">databases</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We have used the Chemical Structure <span class="hlt">DataBase</span> (CSDB) of the NCI CADD Group, an aggregated collection of over 150 small-molecule <span class="hlt">databases</span> totaling 103.5 million structure records, to conduct tautomerism analyses on one of the largest currently existing sets of real (i.e. not computer-generated) compounds. This analysis was carried out using calculable chemical structure identifiers developed by the NCI CADD Group, based on hash codes available in the chemoinformatics toolkit CACTVS and a newly developed scoring scheme to define a canonical tautomer for any encountered structure. CACTVS’s tautomerism definition, a set of 21 transform rules expressed in SMIRKS line notation, was used, which takes a comprehensive stance as to the possible types of tautomeric interconversion included. Tautomerism was found to be possible for more than 2/3 of the unique structures in the CSDB. A total of 680 million tautomers were calculated from, and including, the original structure records. Tautomerism overlap within the same individual <span class="hlt">database</span> (i.e. at least one other entry was present that was really only a different tautomeric representation of the same compound) was found at an average rate of 0.3% of the original structure records, with values as high as nearly 2% for some of the <span class="hlt">databases</span> in CSDB. Projected onto the set of unique structures (by FICuS identifier), this still occurred in about 1.5% of the cases. Tautomeric overlap across all constituent <span class="hlt">databases</span> in CSDB was found for nearly 10% of the records in the collection.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sitzmann, Markus; Ihlenfeldt, Wolf-Dietrich</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">452</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23872969"> <span id="translatedtitle">Statistical modeling of <span class="hlt">coverage</span> in high-throughput data.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In high-throughput sequencing experiments, the number of reads mapping to a genomic region, also known as the "<span class="hlt">coverage</span>" or "<span class="hlt">coverage</span> depth," is often used as a proxy for the abundance of the underlying genomic region in the sample. The abundance, in turn, can be used for many purposes including calling SNPs, estimating the allele frequency in a pool of individuals, identifying copy number variations, and identifying differentially expressed shRNAs in shRNA-seq experiments.In this chapter we describe the fundamentals of statistical modeling of <span class="hlt">coverage</span> depth and discuss the problems of estimation and inference in the relevant experimental scenarios. PMID:23872969</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Golan, David; Rosset, Saharon</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">453</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20130009126&hterms=IV&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3D%2522IV%2522"> <span id="translatedtitle">Global <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> from Ad-Hoc Constellations in Rideshare Orbits</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A promising area of small satellite development is in providing higher temporal resolution than larger satellites. Traditional constellations have required specific orbits and dedicated launch vehicles. In this paper we discuss an alternative architecture in which the individual elements of the constellation are launched as rideshare opportunities. We compare the <span class="hlt">coverage</span> of such an ad-hoc constellation with more traditional constellations. <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> analysis is based on actual historical data from rideshare opportunities. Our analysis includes ground <span class="hlt">coverage</span> and temporal revisits for Polar, Tropics, Temperate, and Global regions, comparing ad-hoc and Walker constellation.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ellis, Armin; Mercury, Michael; Brown, Shannon</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">454</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24286612"> <span id="translatedtitle">Insurance <span class="hlt">coverage</span> of pediatric burns: Switzerland versus USA.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Burn care and research have significantly improved over the past years. However, insurance <span class="hlt">coverage</span> of such treatments does not reflect the improvements in this multi-disciplinary field. Government insurance policies in first world countries renown for burn care treatment, such as Switzerland and the United States, have not adapted to the complexity and longitudinal nature of burn care. Using case studies from both countries, we have analyzed both the institutional and policy approach to pediatric burn treatment <span class="hlt">coverage</span>. Subsequently, by presenting the Shriners burn care model, we offer a policy recommendation to both the Swiss and the American governments to better their present legislation and infrastructure on pediatric burn <span class="hlt">coverage</span>. PMID:24286612</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Deghayli, Lina; Moufarrij, Sara; Norberg, Michael; Sheridan, Robert; Raffoul, Wassim; de Buys Roessingh, Anthony; Hirt-Burri, Nathalie; Applegate, Lee Ann</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">455</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3698815"> <span id="translatedtitle">Strong Smoke-Free Law <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> in the United States by Race/Ethnicity: 2000-2009</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objectives We determined whether racial/ethnic disparities existed in <span class="hlt">coverage</span> by type of 100% smoke-free private workplace, restaurant, and bar laws from 2000 to 2009. Methods We combined US census population data and the American Non-smokers’ Rights Foundation US Tobacco Control <span class="hlt">Database</span> to calculate the percentage of individuals in counties covered by each type of law by race/ethnicity from 2000 to 2009. Results More of the US Hispanic and Asian populations were covered by 100% smoke-free restaurant and bar laws than non-Hispanic White and non-Hispanic Black populations. Asian <span class="hlt">coverage</span> by smoke-free bars laws increased from 36% to 75%, and Hispanic <span class="hlt">coverage</span> increased from 31% to 62%, compared with 6% to 41% for non-Hispanic Blacks and 8% to 49% for non-Hispanic Whites. Conclusions Hispanics and Asians benefited more from the rapid spread of smoke-free law <span class="hlt">coverage</span>, whereas non-Hispanic Blacks benefited less. These ethnic disparities suggest a likely effect of geographic region and may provide a basis for more effective, community-based, and tailored policy-related interventions, particularly regarding areas with high concentrations of non-Hispanic Blacks</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gonzalez, Mariaelena; Sanders-Jackson, Ashley; Song, Anna V.; Cheng, Kaiwen; Glantz, Stanton A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">456</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=132626"> <span id="translatedtitle">NATIVE HEALTH <span class="hlt">DATABASES</span>: NATIVE HEALTH HISTORY <span class="hlt">DATABASE</span> (NHHD)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Native Health <span class="hlt">Databases</span> contain bibliographic information and abstracts of health-related articles, reports, surveys, and other resource documents pertaining to the health and health care of American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Canadian First Nations. The <span class="hlt">databases</span> provide i...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">457</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=132707"> <span id="translatedtitle">NATIVE HEALTH <span class="hlt">DATABASES</span>: NATIVE HEALTH RESEARCH <span class="hlt">DATABASE</span> (NHRD)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Native Health <span class="hlt">Databases</span> contain bibliographic information and abstracts of health-related articles, reports, surveys, and other resource documents pertaining to the health and health care of American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Canadian First Nations. The <span class="hlt">databases</span> provide i...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">458</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3847540"> <span id="translatedtitle">Financial incentives and <span class="hlt">coverage</span> of child health interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background Financial incentives are widely used strategies to alleviate poverty, foster development, and improve health. Cash transfer programs, microcredit, user fee removal policies and voucher schemes that provide direct or indirect monetary incentives to households have been used for decades in Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa, and more recently in Southeast Asia. Until now, no systematic review of the impact of financial incentives on <span class="hlt">coverage</span> and uptake of health interventions targeting children under 5 years of age has been conducted. The objective of this review is to provide estimates on the effect of six types of financial incentive programs: (i) Unconditional cash transfers (CT), (ii) Conditional cash transfers (CCT), (iii) Microcredit (MC), (iv) Conditional Microcredit (CMC), (v) Voucher schemes (VS) and (vi) User fee removal (UFR) on the uptake and <span class="hlt">coverage</span> of health interventions targeting children under the age of five years. Methods We conducted systematic searches of a series of <span class="hlt">databases</span> until September 1st, 2012, to identify relevant studies reporting on the impact of financial incentives on <span class="hlt">coverage</span> of health interventions and behaviors targeting children under 5 years of age. The quality of the studies was assessed using the CHERG criteria. Meta-analyses were undertaken to estimate the effect when multiple studies meeting our inclusion criteria were available. Results Our searches resulted in 1671 titles identified 25 studies reporting on the impact of financial incentive programs on 5 groups of <span class="hlt">coverage</span> indicators: breastfeeding practices (breastfeeding incidence, proportion of children receiving colostrum and early initiation of breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding for six months and duration of breastfeeding); vaccination (<span class="hlt">coverage</span> of full immunization, partial immunization and specific antigens); health care use (seeking healthcare when child was ill, visits to health facilities for preventive reasons, visits to health facilities for any reason, visits for health check-up including growth control); management of diarrhoeal disease (ORS use during diarrhea episode, continued feeding during diarrhea, healthcare during diarrhea episode) and other preventive health interventions (iron supplementation, vitamin A, zinc supplementation, preventive deworming). The quality of evidence on the effect of financial incentives on breastfeeding practices was low but seems to indicate a potential positive impact on receiving colostrum, early initiation of breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding and mean duration of exclusive breastfeeding. There is no effect of financial incentives on immunization <span class="hlt">coverage</span> although there was moderate quality evidence of conditional cash transfers leading to a small but non-significant increase in <span class="hlt">coverage</span> of age-appropriate immunization. There was low quality evidence of impact of CCT on healthcare use by children under age 5 (Risk difference: 0.14 [95%CI: 0.03; 0.26]) as well as low quality evidence of an effect of user fee removal on use of curative health services (RD=0.62 [0.41; 0.82]). Conclusions Financial incentives may have potential to promote increased <span class="hlt">coverage</span> of several important child health interventions, but the quality of evidence available is low. The more pronounced effects seem to be achieved by programs that directly removed user fees for access to health services. Some indication of effect were also observed for programs that conditioned financial incentives on participation in health education and attendance to health care visits. This finding suggest that the measured effect may be less a consequence of the financial incentive and more due to conditionalities addressing important informational barriers.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">459</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21364711"> <span id="translatedtitle">Using non-local <span class="hlt">databases</span> for the environmental assessment of industrial activities: The case of Latin America</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Nine non-local <span class="hlt">databases</span> were evaluated with respect to their suitability for the environmental assessment of industrial activities in Latin America. Three assessment methods were considered, namely Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and air emission inventories. The analysis focused on data availability in the <span class="hlt">databases</span> and the applicability of their international data to Latin American industry. The study showed that the European EMEP/EEA Guidebook and the U.S. EPA AP-42 <span class="hlt">database</span> are the most suitable ones for air emission inventories, whereas the LCI <span class="hlt">database</span> Ecoinvent is the most suitable one for LCA and EIA. Due to the data <span class="hlt">coverage</span> in the <span class="hlt">databases</span>, air emission inventories are easier to develop than LCA or EIA, which require more comprehensive information. One strategy to overcome the limitations of non-local <span class="hlt">databases</span> for Latin American industry is the combination of validated data from international <span class="hlt">databases</span> with newly developed local datasets.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Osses de Eicker, Margarita, E-mail: Margarita.Osses@empa.c [Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Technology and Society Laboratory, Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, 9014 St Gallen (Switzerland); Hischier, Roland, E-mail: Roland.Hischier@empa.c [Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Technology and Society Laboratory, Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, 9014 St Gallen (Switzerland); Hurni, Hans, E-mail: Hans.Hurni@cde.unibe.c [University of Bern, Institute of Geography, Hallerstrasse 10, 3012 Bern (Switzerland); Zah, Rainer, E-mail: Rainer.Zah@empa.c [Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Technology and Society Laboratory, Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, 9014 St Gallen (Switzerland)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-04-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">460</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/781468"> <span id="translatedtitle">Federated <span class="hlt">database</span> systems for managing distributed, heterogeneous, and autonomous <span class="hlt">databases</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A federated <span class="hlt">database</span> system (FDBS) is a collection of cooperating <span class="hlt">database</span> systems that are autonomous and possibly heterogeneous. In this paper, we define a reference architecture for distributed <span class="hlt">database</span> management systems from system and schema viewpoints and show how various FDBS architectures can be developed. We then define a methodology for developing one of the popular architectures of an FDBS.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Amit P. Sheth; James A. Larson</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">461</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/804046"> <span id="translatedtitle">A <span class="hlt">database</span> management facility for automatic generation of <span class="hlt">database</span> managers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A facility is described for the implementation of <span class="hlt">database</span> management systems having high degrees of horizontal data independence, i.e. independence from chosen logical properties of a <span class="hlt">database</span> as opposed to vertical independence from storage structures. The facility consists of a high level language for the specification of virtual <span class="hlt">database</span> managers, a compiler from this language to a pseudomachine language, and</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">David W. Stemple</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1976-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">462</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Database+AND+Management+AND+Systems&pg=5&id=EJ274745"> <span id="translatedtitle">Generalized <span class="hlt">Database</span> Management System Support for Numeric <span class="hlt">Database</span> Environments.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This overview of potential for utilizing <span class="hlt">database</span> management systems (DBMS) within numeric <span class="hlt">database</span> environments highlights: (1) major features, functions, and characteristics of DBMS; (2) applicability to numeric <span class="hlt">database</span> environment needs and user needs; (3) current applications of DBMS technology; and (4) research-oriented and…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dominick, Wayne D.; Weathers, Peggy G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1982-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">463</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title20-vol2/pdf/CFR-2013-title20-vol2-sec404-1206.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">20 CFR 404.1206 - Retirement system <span class="hlt">coverage</span> groups.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...or (8) The employees in police officers' positions or firefighters' positions, or both. If State law requires a State...applies to the <span class="hlt">coverage</span> of services in police officers' and firefighters' positions in States and interstate instrumentalities...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">464</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=North+AND+Korea&pg=6&id=EJ259396"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Coverage</span> of Unification Issue in North and South Korean Papers.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Concludes that while the North Korean press gives more space to stories concerning the unification of the two Koreas than does the South, it is also more hostile and less varied in its <span class="hlt">coverage</span> of the issue. (FL)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chang, Won H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">465</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=https://www.healthcare.gov/how-can-i-get-coverage-outside-of-open-enrollment/%23part=2"> <span id="translatedtitle">Getting <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> Outside Open Enrollment (Affordable Care Act)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... Insurance Basics Rights, Protections, & the Law Prevention & Getting Care Businesses Medicaid, CHIP, & Medicare Have Marketplace <span class="hlt">Coverage</span>? Have ... or placing a child for adoption or foster care Moving your residence, gaining citizenship, leaving incarceration Losing ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">466</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=community+AND+sports+AND+clubs&pg=5&id=EJ225254"> <span id="translatedtitle">Yearbook <span class="hlt">Coverage</span>: Highlight the Individual, Not the Event.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">States that a yearbook can cover student life in a way that reflects student interests. Outlines how this can be done in the areas of student life, curriculum, clubs and organizations, sports, album <span class="hlt">coverage</span>, and community information. (TJ)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Beale, John</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1980-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">467</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19890055426&hterms=dugan&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3Ddugan"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Coverage</span> modeling for dependability analysis of fault-tolerant systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Several different models for predicting <span class="hlt">coverage</span> in a fault-tolerant system, including models for permanent, intermittent, and transient errors, are discussed. Markov, semi-Markov, nonhomogeneous Markov, and extended stochastic Petri net models for computing <span class="hlt">coverage</span> are developed. Two types of events that interfere with recovery are examined; and methods for modeling such events, whether they are deterministic or random, are given. The sensitivity of system reliability/availability to the <span class="hlt">coverage</span> parameter and the sensitivity of the <span class="hlt">coverage</span> parameter to various error-handling strategies are investigated. It is found that a policy of attempting transient recovery upon detection of an error can actually increase the unreliability of the system. This result is true if the error detectability is not nearly perfect, so that the risk of producing an undetectable error is greater than the benefit gained by not discarding the component.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dugan, Joanne Bechta; Trivedi, Kishor S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">468</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title44-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title44-vol1-sec73-4.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">44 CFR 73.4 - Restoration of flood insurance <span class="hlt">coverage</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...2013-10-01 false Restoration of flood insurance <span class="hlt">coverage</span>. 73.4 Section...INSURANCE AND HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program IMPLEMENTATION OF SECTION 1316 OF THE NATIONAL FLOOD INSURANCE ACT OF 1968 § 73.4...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">469</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title44-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title44-vol1-sec73-3.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">44 CFR 73.3 - Denial of flood insurance <span class="hlt">coverage</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... 2013-10-01 false Denial of flood insurance <span class="hlt">coverage</span>. 73.3 Section...INSURANCE AND HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program IMPLEMENTATION OF SECTION 1316 OF THE NATIONAL FLOOD INSURANCE ACT OF 1968 § 73.3...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">470</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title29-vol9/pdf/CFR-2013-title29-vol9-sec1975-3.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">29 CFR 1975.3 - Extent of <span class="hlt">coverage</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...UNDER THE WILLIAMS-STEIGER OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT OF 1970 § 1975.3 Extent of <span class="hlt">coverage</span>. (a) Section 2...Constitution (Cong. Rec., vol. 116, p. H-11899, Dec. 17, 1970) The legislative history, as a whole, clearly...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">471</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title42-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title42-vol2-sec409-20.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">42 CFR 409.20 - <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> of services.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...HOSPITAL INSURANCE BENEFITS Posthospital SNF Care § 409.20 <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> of services...subpart D of this part, “posthospital SNF care” means the following services furnished to an inpatient of a participating SNF, or of a participating hospital or...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">472</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title42-vol2/pdf/CFR-2012-title42-vol2-sec409-20.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">42 CFR 409.20 - <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> of services.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...HOSPITAL INSURANCE BENEFITS Posthospital SNF Care § 409.20 <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> of services...subpart D of this part, “posthospital SNF care” means the following services furnished to an inpatient of a participating SNF, or of a participating hospital or...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">473</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title42-vol2/pdf/CFR-2011-title42-vol2-sec409-20.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">42 CFR 409.20 - <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> of services.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...HOSPITAL INSURANCE BENEFITS Posthospital SNF Care § 409.20 <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> of services...subpart D of this part, “posthospital SNF care” means the following services furnished to an inpatient of a participating SNF, or of a participating hospital or...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">474</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title42-vol3/pdf/CFR-2013-title42-vol3-sec416-44.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">42 CFR 416.44 - Condition for <span class="hlt">coverage</span>-Environment.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...2013-10-01 false Condition for <span class="hlt">coverage</span>-Environment. 416.44 Section 416.44 Public...416.44 Condition for coverageâEnvironment. The ASC must have a safe and sanitary environment, properly constructed,...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">475</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title5-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title5-vol2-sec846-721.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">5 CFR 846.721 - Electing FERS <span class="hlt">coverage</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-ELECTIONS OF <span class="hlt">COVERAGE</span> 1998 Open Enrollment Elections Election Procedures § 846.721...employing office no later than the close of business on December 31, 1998. (b) Any writing signed by the employee and filed with...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">476</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=PB2012110871"> <span id="translatedtitle">Targeted <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> Follow-Up (TCFU) Cognitive Testing, 2009.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper describes research testing the Targeted <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> Followup (TCFU) interview which will attempt to resolve instances of people who appear to have been counted twice in the census because of child custody arrangements, seasonal homes, moving, coll...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">A. Sorokin J. H. Childs N. Jurgenson</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">477</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title42-vol2/pdf/CFR-2013-title42-vol2-sec409-20.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">42 CFR 409.20 - <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> of services.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...HOSPITAL INSURANCE BENEFITS Posthospital SNF Care § 409.20 <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> of services...subpart D of this part, âposthospital SNF careâ means the following services furnished to an inpatient of a participating SNF, or of a participating hospital or...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">478</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=ADA420295"> <span id="translatedtitle">Role of Media <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> in Meeting Operational Objectives.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Operational commanders can influence the stability of operational objectives and the availability of resources to meet those objectives by using well-orchestrated media <span class="hlt">coverage</span> to describe the goals, strategies, event and outcomes of campaigns and major ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M. J. Mitchell-Musumarra</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">479</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1508479"> <span id="translatedtitle">News media <span class="hlt">coverage</span> and the epidemiology of homicide.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">OBJECTIVES: This study assessed how newspaper <span class="hlt">coverage</span> of homicides corresponds to the epidemiology of homicide. METHODS: Stories in the Los Angeles Times about homicide (n = 2782) were compared with the homicides that occurred in Los Angeles County from 1990 through 1994 (n = 9442). The generalized linear model assessed how victim, incident, and suspect characteristics related to <span class="hlt">coverage</span>. RESULTS: Even when multiple variables were taken into account, some homicides (those with female, child, or elderly victims; those in which the suspect was a stranger to the victim; those in wealthier neighborhoods) received more <span class="hlt">coverage</span> and others (those with Black or Hispanic victims or victims with less than a high school education; those committed with nonfirearm weapons; those in which the suspect was an intimate of the victim) received less <span class="hlt">coverage</span> than expected. CONCLUSIONS: Some homicides are more newsworthy than others. Potential implications of not providing the public with representative data are discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sorenson, S B; Manz, J G; Berk, R A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">480</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-03-30/pdf/2011-7440.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">76 FR 17577 - Increased Scope of <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> for Electric Motors</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...Increased Scope of <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> for Electric Motors AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and...energy conservation standards for electric motors. Specifically, DOE seeks information...standards for certain types of electric motors that are currently unregulated by...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-03-30</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' 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showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">481</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/4357131"> <span id="translatedtitle">Location-unaware <span class="hlt">coverage</span> in wireless sensor networks</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In scenarios where sensors are placed randomly, redundant deployment is essential for ensuring adequate field <span class="hlt">coverage</span>. This redundancy needs to be effic iently exploited by pe- riodically selecting a subset of nodes (referred to as a \\</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ossama Younis; Marwan Krunz; Srinivasan Ramasubramanian</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">482</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://dal.ca.libguides.com/"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Subject</span> Guides at Dalhousie University</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Many academic libraries provide a range of scholarly guides to different disciplines. The librarians at the Dalhousie University Libraries have created this magical elixir of guides to <span class="hlt">subjects</span> as diverse as medicine, civil engineering, writing, and computer science. Each guide contains a set of five or six sections that include Reference, Selected Books, Key <span class="hlt">Databases</span>, Journals, and Recommended Websites. Some of the more specialized disciplines (such as medicine and law) have recommended resources designed for each step in the formal education process. All told, there are over 75 guides here that provide a much-needed first step in the research process to students, academics, and the generally curious. Visitors with expertise can also offer suggestions for resources they feel should be added to these thorough guides. [KMG</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">483</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3894018"> <span id="translatedtitle">Evaluation of Immunization <span class="hlt">Coverage</span> in the Rural Area of Pune, Maharashtra, Using the 30 Cluster Sampling Technique</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background: Infectious diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children. One of the most cost-effective and easy methods for child survival is immunization. Despite all the efforts put in by governmental and nongovernmental institutes for 100% immunization <span class="hlt">coverage</span>, there are still pockets of low-<span class="hlt">coverage</span> areas. In India, immunization services are offered free in public health facilities, but, despite rapid increases, the immunization rate remains low in some areas. The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) indicators also give importance to immunization. Objective: To assess the immunization <span class="hlt">coverage</span> in the rural area of Pune. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the field practice area of the Rural Health Training Center (RHTC) using the WHO's 30 cluster sampling method for evaluation of immunization <span class="hlt">coverage</span>. Results: A total of 1913 houses were surveyed. A total of 210 children aged 12-23 months were included in the study. It was found that 86.67% of the children were fully immunized against all the six vaccine-preventable diseases. The proportion of fully immunized children was marginally higher in males (87.61%) than in females (85.57%), and the immunization card was available with 60.95% of the <span class="hlt">subjects</span>. The most common cause for partial immunization was that the time of immunization was inconvenient (36%). Conclusion: Sustained efforts are required to achieve universal <span class="hlt">coverage</span> of immunization in the rural area of Pune district.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gupta, Pankaj Kumar; Pore, Prasad; Patil, Usha</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">484</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ant.edb.miyakyo-u.ac.jp/E/index.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Japanese Ant Image <span class="hlt">Database</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The 2003 revised edition of the Japanese Ant Image <span class="hlt">Database</span> was developed under the direction of the Japanese Ant <span class="hlt">Database</span> Group (JADG). The website, which merges taxonomic information and stunning photographs, will no doubt delight myrmecologists and others. Information about different types of ants can be accessed through browseable, hyperlinked lists organized by subfamily, genus, and species. Genus and species profiles include images, references, descriptive information, simple distribution maps, and more. The site includes a Japanese Ant Image Library with hundreds of quality images, and a smaller SEM Image Library as well. The site also offers sections with Type Specimens and Taxonomic Keys. Please note that the site has not been updated since 2003; there are future plans to revisit the project when updates and corrections become necessary.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">485</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ibdb.com/"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Internet Broadway <span class="hlt">Database</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Created by the League of American Theatres and Producers' Research Department, The Internet Broadway <span class="hlt">Database</span> provides an array of information about past and current Broadway shows. The <span class="hlt">database</span> is a result of ongoing collection development by the League, based primarily on theatre programs (generally from a show's opening night). Other information is harvested from media reports, interviews, and the League's archives. The goal of the site is to "serve as a comprehensive history of Broadway for the benefit of League members, press, theatre professionals and enthusiasts." The site features a list of shows currently on Broadway, as well as a comprehensive advanced search page that allows users to dig up information on past productions.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">486</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://wood.jhuapl.edu/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Worldwide Ocean Optics <span class="hlt">Database</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Created and maintained at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, the Worldwide Ocean Optics <span class="hlt">Database</span> (WOOD) contains several hundred datasets, gathered over time from much of the world's oceans, specifically on optics. The data can be searched via an applet or a text-based query system that includes parameters such as date, depth, salinity, upwelling radiance, turbidity, secchi depth, and many more. The site provides several downloadable software programs that allow users to further utilize the data at their convenience and a link that offers information on how to decipher the specific codes used in the datasets. Even though a few links occasionally did not work correctly and users will need a little time to familiarize themselves with the <span class="hlt">database</span>, the site does provide those working in related field access to valuable information.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">487</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21255675"> <span id="translatedtitle">THE EXTRAGALACTIC DISTANCE <span class="hlt">DATABASE</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A <span class="hlt">database</span> can be accessed on the Web at http://edd.ifa.hawaii.edu that was developed to promote access to information related to galaxy distances. The <span class="hlt">database</span> has three functional components. First, tables from many literature sources have been gathered and enhanced with links through a distinct galaxy naming convention. Second, comparisons of results both at the levels of parameters and of techniques have begun and are continuing, leading to increasing homogeneity and consistency of distance measurements. Third, new material is presented arising from ongoing observational programs at the University of Hawaii 2.2 m telescope, radio telescopes at Green Bank, Arecibo, and Parkes and with the Hubble Space Telescope. This new observational material is made available in tandem with related material drawn from archives and passed through common analysis pipelines.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tully, R. Brent; Courtois, Helene M.; Jacobs, Bradley A. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Rizzi, Luca [United Kingdom Infrared Telescope, 660 N. A'ohoku Pl., Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Shaya, Edward J. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Makarov, Dmitry I. [Special Astrophysical Observatory, Nizhniy Arkhyz, Karachai-Cherkessia 369167 (Russian Federation)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-08-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">488</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.embl-heidelberg.de/~uetz/LivingReptiles.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">The EMBL Reptile <span class="hlt">Database</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) of Heidelberg (Germany) hosts the Reptile <span class="hlt">Database</span>, providing taxonomic information on Lizards, Snakes, Tuataras, Crocodiles, Amphisbaenians, and Turtles. The <span class="hlt">database</span> is intended "to provide information on the classification of all living reptiles by listing all species and their pertinent higher taxa." Each section may be browsed by taxa at the Family or Subfamily level. Clicking on a specific genus will typically result in a brief outline including species name (scientific name with synonyms), distribution, and original references. A few species accounts contain links to external sources with pictures. Interested users should begin in the Introduction section; further information is provided in Species Statistics and in References and Related Pages.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">489</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://webpac.wayne.edu/webpac-bin/wgbroker?new%20-access%20top.udmship"> <span id="translatedtitle">Great Lakes Shipping <span class="hlt">Database</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Provided by the University of Detroit Mercy Libraries/Media Services, this site is a great resource for anyone interested in the history of shipping on the Great Lakes. The <span class="hlt">database</span> indexes information on a large number of ships that have worked these waters, offering information such as registry number, year built, final disposition, company, physical measurements, name of shipbuilders, and additional remarks, among other categories. Both company name and shipbuilder are cross-referenced to additional ships owned or built. Most of the entries also include some excellent historical photos, though these did not load correctly in Netscape (they worked fine with IE).The entry for the Edmund Fitzgerald, for instance, contained ten photos. The <span class="hlt">database</span> may be searched by keyword with multiple modifiers.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">490</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1999AAS...194.4403V"> <span id="translatedtitle">Observational Mishaps - a <span class="hlt">Database</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present a World-Wide-Web-accessible <span class="hlt">database</span> of astronomical images which suffer from a variety of observational problems. These problems range from common phenomena, such as dust grains on filters and/or dewar window, to more exotic cases like, for instance, deflated support airbags underneath the primary mirror. The purpose of this <span class="hlt">database</span> is to enable astronomers at telescopes to save telescope time by discovering the nature of the trouble they might be experiencing with the help of this online catalog. Every observational mishap contained in this collection is presented in the form of a GIF image, a brief explanation of the problem, and, to the extent possible, a suggestion of what might be done to solve the problem and improve the image quality.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">von Braun, K.; Chiboucas, K.; Hurley-Keller, D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">491</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://cast.uark.edu/other/nps/nadb/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Nat