Sample records for death certificate based

  1. Death Investigation Certificate

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    Death Investigation Certificate What is Death Investigation? Medico-legal death investigation in death investigation in different ways. The study of death investigation trains students to identify and assemble a set of investigative tasks that are performed at every death scene. Modern medico- legal death

  2. [Medical death certificate].

    PubMed

    Beauthier, F; Beauthier, J-P

    2013-09-01

    The death certificate is a complex diagnostic procedure for the first medical responders (or general practioners) and requires a complex intellectual process. This article provides a practical and critical approach to the death certificate (modèle IIIc) which must be completed in the best way. The authors strongly emphasized the differences between violent death and natural death, keystone of the medicolegal approach and as a possible starting point of criminal investigations. PMID:24195255

  3. DEATH CERTIFICATE Yuvachev Daniil Ivanovich

    E-print Network

    Comech, Andrew

    DEATH CERTIFICATE Yuvachev Daniil Ivanovich last name, first name, patronymic Citizenship: Citizen whereof on February 2, 1942 the death record was made under No. 1234 Place of death: Leningrad Prison No

  4. Current burden of sudden cardiac death: Multiple source surveillance versus retrospective death certificate-based review in a large U.S. community

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sumeet S. Chugh; Jonathan Jui; Karen Gunson; Eric C. Stecker; Benjamin T. John; Barbara Thompson; Nasreen Ilias; Catherine Vickers; Vivek Dogra; Mohamud Daya; Jack Kron; Zhi-Jie Zheng; George Mensah; John McAnulty

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVES We sought to determine the annual incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the general population using a prospective approach. To assess the validity of retrospective surveillance, a simultaneous comparison was made with a death certificate-based method of determining SCD incidence. BACKGROUND Accurate surveillance and characterization of SCD in the general population is likely to significantly facilitate current and

  5. Arsenic in Drinking Water and Bladder Cancer: Comparison between Studies Based on Cancer Registry and Death Certificates

    Microsoft Academic Search

    How-Ran Guo; Yen-Cheng Tseng

    2000-01-01

    Associations between arsenic in drinking water and bladder cancer in an area along the southwest coast of Taiwan have been documented for decades. Several ecologic studies were conducted to assess the dose-response relationships. Some of them used the National Cancer Registry Program to identify cancer cases, and some used death certificates. Whereas the cancer registry collects information on all patients

  6. Cause of Death Affects Racial Classification on Death Certificates

    PubMed Central

    Noymer, Andrew; Penner, Andrew M.; Saperstein, Aliya

    2011-01-01

    Recent research suggests racial classification is responsive to social stereotypes, but how this affects racial classification in national vital statistics is unknown. This study examines whether cause of death influences racial classification on death certificates. We analyze the racial classifications from a nationally representative sample of death certificates and subsequent interviews with the decedents' next of kin and find notable discrepancies between the two racial classifications by cause of death. Cirrhosis decedents are more likely to be recorded as American Indian on their death certificates, and homicide victims are more likely to be recorded as Black; these results remain net of controls for followback survey racial classification, indicating that the relationship we reveal is not simply a restatement of the fact that these causes of death are more prevalent among certain groups. Our findings suggest that seemingly non-racial characteristics, such as cause of death, affect how people are racially perceived by others and thus shape U.S. official statistics. PMID:21298093

  7. Teaching cause-of-death certification: lessons from international experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eindra Aung; Chalapati Rao; Sue Walker

    2010-01-01

    Background and objectiveThe accuracy of cause-of-death statistics substantially depends on the quality of cause-of-death information in death certificates, primarily completed by medical doctors. Deficiencies in cause-of-death certification have been observed across the world, and over time. Despite educational interventions targeted at improving the quality of death certification, their intended impacts are rarely evaluated. This review aims to provide empirical evidence

  8. Age-based disparities in end-of-life decisions in Belgium: a population-based death certificate survey

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background A growing body of scientific research is suggesting that end-of-life care and decision making may differ between age groups and that elderly patients may be the most vulnerable to exclusion of due care at the end of life. This study investigates age-related disparities in the rate of end-of-life decisions with a possible or certain life shortening effect (ELDs) and in the preceding decision making process in Flanders, Belgium in 2007, where euthanasia was legalised in 2002. Comparing with data from an identical survey in 1998 we also study the plausibility of the ‘slippery slope’ hypothesis which predicts a rise in the rate of administration of life ending drugs without patient request, especially among elderly patients, in countries where euthanasia is legal. Method We performed a post-mortem survey among physicians certifying a large representative sample (n?=?6927) of death certificates in 2007, identical to a 1998 survey. Response rate was 58.4%. Results While the rates of non-treatment decisions (NTD) and administration of life ending drugs without explicit request (LAWER) did not differ between age groups, the use of intensified alleviation of pain and symptoms (APS) and euthanasia/assisted suicide (EAS), as well as the proportion of euthanasia requests granted, was bivariately and negatively associated with patient age. Multivariate analysis showed no significant effects of age on ELD rates. Older patients were less often included in decision making for APS and more often deemed lacking in capacity than were younger patients. Comparison with 1998 showed a decrease in the rate of LAWER in all age groups except in the 80+ age group where the rate was stagnant. Conclusion Age is not a determining factor in the rate of end-of-life decisions, but is in decision making as patient inclusion rates decrease with old age. Our results suggest there is a need to focus advance care planning initiatives on elderly patients. The slippery slope hypothesis cannot be confirmed either in general or among older people, as since the euthanasia law fewer LAWER cases were found. PMID:22708727

  9. Inadequacies of death certification in Beirut: who is responsible?

    PubMed Central

    Sibai, Abla M.; Nuwayhid, Iman; Beydoun, May; Chaaya, Monique

    2002-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the completeness of data on death certificates over the past 25 years in Beirut, Lebanon, and to examine factors associated with the absence of certifiers' signatures and the non-reporting of the underlying cause of death. METHODS: A systematic 20% sample comprising 2607 death certificates covering the 1974, 1984, 1994, 1997 and 1998 registration periods was retrospectively reviewed for certification practices and missing data. FINDINGS: The information on the death certificates was almost complete in respect of all demographic characteristics of the deceased persons except for occupation and month of birth. Data relating to these variables were missing on approximately 95% and 78% of the certificates, respectively. Around half of the certificates did not carry a certifier's signature. Of those bearing such a signature, 21.6% lacked documentation of the underlying cause of death. The certifier's signature was more likely to be absent on: certificates corresponding to the younger and older age groups than on those of persons aged 15-44 years; those of females than on those of males; those of persons who had been living remotely from the registration governorate than on those of other deceased persons; and those for which there had been delays in registration exceeding six months than on certificates for which registration had been quicker. For certificates that carried the certifier's signature there was no evidence that any of the demographic characteristics of the deceased person was associated with decreased likelihood of reporting an underlying cause of death. CONCLUSION: The responsibility for failure to report causes of death in Beirut lies with families who lack an incentive to call for a physician and with certifying physicians who do not carry out this duty. The deficiencies in death certification are rectifiable. However, any changes should be sensitive to the constraints of the organizational and legal infrastructure governing death registration practices and the medical educational systems in the country. PMID:12163919

  10. Assessing quality of medical death certification: Concordance between gold standard diagnosis and underlying cause of death in selected Mexican hospitals

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background In Mexico, the vital registration system relies on information collected from death certificates to generate official mortality figures. Although the death certificate has high coverage across the country, there is little information regarding its validity. The objective of this study was to assess the concordance between the underlying cause of death in official statistics obtained from death certificates and a gold standard diagnosis of the same deaths derived from medical records of hospitals. Methods The study sample consisted of 1,589 deaths that occurred in 34 public hospitals in the Federal District and the state of Morelos, Mexico in 2009. Neonatal, child, and adult cases were selected for causes of death that included infectious diseases, noncommunicable diseases, and injuries. We compared the underlying cause of death, obtained from medical death certificates, against a gold standard diagnosis derived from a review of medical records developed by the Population Health Metrics Research Consortium. We used chance-corrected concordance and accuracy as metrics to evaluate the quality of performance of the death certificate. Results Analysis considering only the underlying cause of death resulted in a median chance-corrected concordance between the cause of death in medical death certificates versus the gold standard of 54.3% (95% uncertainty interval [UI]: 52.2, 55.6) for neonates, 38.5% (37.0, 40.0) for children, and 66.5% (65.9, 66.9) for adults. The accuracy resulting from the same analysis was 0.756 (0.747, 0.769) for neonates, 0.683 (0.663, 0.701) for children, and 0.780 (0.774, 0.785) for adults. Median chance-corrected concordance and accuracy increased when considering the mention of any cause of death in the death certificate, not just the underlying cause. Concordance varied substantially depending on cause of death, and accuracy varied depending on the true cause-specific mortality fraction composition. Conclusions Although we cannot generalize our conclusions to Mexico as a whole, the results demonstrate important problems with the quality of the main source of information for causes of death used by decision-makers in settings with highly technological vital registration systems. It is necessary to improve death certification procedures, especially in the case of child and neonatal deaths. This requires an important commitment from the health system and health institutions. PMID:21816103

  11. Occupational silica exposure and risk of various diseases: an analysis using death certificates from 27 states of the United States

    PubMed Central

    Calvert, G; Rice, F; Boiano, J; Sheehy, J; Sanderson, W

    2003-01-01

    Background: Although crystalline silica exposure is associated with silicosis, lung cancer, pulmonary tuberculosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), there is less support for an association with autoimmune disease, and renal disease. Methods: Using data from the US National Occupational Mortality Surveillance (NOMS) system, a matched case-control design was employed to examine each of several diseases (including silicosis, lung cancer, stomach cancer, oesophageal cancer, COPD, pulmonary tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and various types of renal disease). Cases were subjects whose death certificate mentioned the disease of interest. A separate control group for each of the diseases of interest was selected from among subjects whose death certificate did not mention the disease of interest or any of several diseases reported to be associated with crystalline silica exposure. Subjects were assigned into a qualitative crystalline silica exposure category based on the industry/occupation pairing found on their death certificate. We also investigated whether silicotics had a higher risk of disease compared to those without silicosis. Results: Those postulated to have had detectable crystalline silica exposure had a significantly increased risk for silicosis, COPD, pulmonary tuberculosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. In addition, a significant trend of increasing risk with increasing silica exposure was observed for these same conditions and for lung cancer. Those postulated to have had the greatest crystalline silica exposure had a significantly increased risk for silicosis, lung cancer, COPD, and pulmonary tuberculosis only. Finally, those with silicosis had a significantly increased risk for COPD, pulmonary tuberculosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Conclusions: This study corroborates the association between crystalline silica exposure and silicosis, lung cancer, COPD, and pulmonary tuberculosis. In addition, support is provided for an association between crystalline silica exposure and rheumatoid arthritis. PMID:12554840

  12. A Competency Based Teacher Certification System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coker, Homer

    The development of a Competency Based Teacher Certification System is a cooperative effort of the Carroll County System and the School of Education, West Georgia College, supported by a grant from the Georgia State Department of Education. As a step toward solving the problem of recertifying teachers who possess basic credentials and have taught…

  13. Death-certificate case-control study of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and occupation in men in North Carolina

    SciTech Connect

    Schumacher, M.C.; Delzell, E.

    1988-01-01

    A death certificate-based case-control study was performed to investigate associations between occupation and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in North Carolina. Cases consisted of 501 men who died of NHL (International Classification of Diseases codes 200 and 202) during the years 1968-1970, 1975-1977, and 1980-1982. Controls were selected from other noncancer deaths, and were frequency matched for age, year of death, and race. Occupation and industry were obtained from the death certificates and coded without knowledge of case-control status. An increased risk for men in professional, technical, and managerial occupations, compared with all others, was detected among whites (OR = 2.69, 1.95-3.72). Black men classified as having low exposures by an occupational exposure linkage system had an odds ratio of 1.74 (0.84-3.60). Because of this finding, the occupations were ranked by social class and a statistically significant linear relationship was noted in whites, with risk increasing from lower social class to upper social class. An increased risk was also detected among whites in the rubber, plastics, and synthetics industries (p = .03), and among blacks employed in machine trades occupations (OR = 3.63, 1.32-9.97) and structural work occupations (OR = 2.38, 0.93-6.05). An increased risk was also detected for black painters (p = .02), but not for whites. There was no association found between NHL and employment in the following areas: textile industry; farming; laborers; or occupations with exposures to asbestos or benzene. The association with farming was further examined in counties with high use of pesticides and herbicides, and no increased risk of NHL was detected. Cases were more likely to live in the western part of the state than the eastern. However, NHL mortality rates provided by the North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics did not confirm the relationship.

  14. Effect of Racial/Ethnic Misclassification of American Indians and Alaskan Natives on Washington State Death Certificates, 1989–1997

    PubMed Central

    Stehr-Green, Paul; Bettles, James; Robertson, L. Dee

    2002-01-01

    Objectives. This study examined effects of racial/ethnic misclassification of American Indians and Alaskan natives on Washington State death certificates. Methods. Probabilistic record linkage were used to match the 1989–1997 state death files to the Northwest Tribal Registry. Results. We identified matches for 2819 decedents, including 414 (14.7%) who had been misclassified as non–American Indians and Alaskan natives on the death certificates. The likelihood of being correctly classified increased 3-fold for each higher level of American Indian and Alaskan native ancestry (odds ratio = 2.88; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.51, 3.30) and decreased by 6.9% per calendar year (95% CI = 2.0, 11.5). Conclusions. Systematic biases on death certificates in Washington State persist. Methods to reduce misclassification can improve data quality and enhance efforts to measure and reduce racial/ethnic health disparities. (Am J Public Health. 2002;92:443–444) PMID:11867327

  15. Amended cause and manner of death certification: a six-year review of the New Mexico experience.

    PubMed

    Croft, Philip R; Lathrop, Sarah L; Zumwalt, Ross E

    2006-05-01

    Little is known about the amendment of death certificates (DCs) issued by medical examiners and coroners. This retrospective study examined why, how, and with what frequency cause and manner of death were amended on DCs issued by forensic pathologists over a 6-year period at the New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator. Approximately 1% of DCs had either cause or manner of death amendments, with arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease and intoxicants the most commonly amended and resulting causes of death, respectively. There was a significant association between manner of death and number of DCs amended (p<0.001). By percent, natural and suicide DCs were the most frequently amended. The way in which manner of death changed was significantly associated with the amount of time elapsed between DCs (p=0.04). Toxicology was the most common reason for DC amendment. PMID:16696715

  16. Occupation and five cancers: a case-control study using death certificates.

    PubMed Central

    Magnani, C; Coggon, D; Osmond, C; Acheson, E D

    1987-01-01

    A case-control approach has been used to examine mortality from five cancers--oesophagus, pancreas, cutaneous melanoma, kidney, and brain--among young and middle aged men resident in three English counties. The areas studied were chosen because they include major centres of chemical manufacture. By combining data from 20 years it was possible to look at local industries with greater statistical power than is possible using routine national statistics. Each case was matched with up to four controls of similar age who died in the same year from other causes. The occupations and industries recorded on death certificates were coded to standard classifications and risk estimates derived for each job category. Where positive associations were found the records of the cases concerned were examined in greater detail to see whether the risk was limited to specific combinations of occupation and industry. The most interesting findings to emerge were risks of brain cancer associated with the production of meat and fish products (relative risk (RR) = 9.7, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.6-36.8) and with mineral oil refining (RR = 2.9, CI 1.2-7.0), and a cluster of four deaths from melanoma among refinery workers (RR = 16.0, CI CI 1.8-143.2). A job-exposure matrix was applied to the data but gave no strong indications of further disease associations. Local analyses of occupational mortality such as this can usefully supplement national statistics. PMID:3689708

  17. Mandated Competency-Based Teacher Certification and the Public Interest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spaulding, Robert L.

    Responding to the current lack of an empirical basis for competency-based teacher certification, Georgia has mandated studies leading to the establishment of empirical criteria. In the Carroll County Competency-Based Teacher Certification Project, the instructional behaviors of some 60 certified teachers and the classroom behaviors of the…

  18. Model-Based Product-Oriented Certification

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Damian Dechev; Bjarne Stroustrup

    2009-01-01

    Future space missions such as the Mars Science Laboratory and Project Constel- lation suggest the engineering of some of the most complex man-rated software sys- tems. The present process-oriented certification methodologies employed by NASA are becoming prohibitively expensive when applied to systems of such complexity. The process of software certification establishes the level of confidence in a software system in

  19. News Certification and Legislation EBE RLA Definitions Wald Conclusions Evidence-Based Elections

    E-print Network

    Stark, Philip B.

    News Certification and Legislation EBE RLA Definitions Wald Conclusions Evidence-Based Elections Seminar Stanford University and University of California, Berkeley 8 October 2012 #12;News Certification: Jennie Bretschneider, Elaine Ginnold, Neal Kelley, Freddie Oakley, Tom Stanionis. #12;News Certification

  20. A post-mortem survey on end-of-life decisions using a representative sample of death certificates in Flanders, Belgium: research protocol

    PubMed Central

    Chambaere, Kenneth; Bilsen, Johan; Cohen, Joachim; Pousset, Geert; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje; Mortier, Freddy; Deliens, Luc

    2008-01-01

    Background Reliable studies of the incidence and characteristics of medical end-of-life decisions with a certain or possible life shortening effect (ELDs) are indispensable for an evidence-based medical and societal debate on this issue. This article presents the protocol drafted for the 2007 ELD Study in Flanders, Belgium, and outlines how the main aims and challenges of the study (i.e. making reliable incidence estimates of end-of-life decisions, even rare ones, and describing their characteristics; allowing comparability with past ELD studies; guaranteeing strict anonymity given the sensitive nature of the research topic; and attaining a sufficient response rate) are addressed in a post-mortem survey using a representative sample of death certificates. Study design Reliable incidence estimates are achievable by using large at random samples of death certificates of deceased persons in Flanders (aged one year or older). This entails the cooperation of the appropriate administrative authorities. To further ensure the reliability of the estimates and descriptions, especially of less prevalent end-of-life decisions (e.g. euthanasia), a stratified sample is drawn. A questionnaire is sent out to the certifying physician of each death sampled. The questionnaire, tested thoroughly and avoiding emotionally charged terms is based largely on questions that have been validated in previous national and European ELD studies. Anonymity of both patient and physician is guaranteed through a rigorous procedure, involving a lawyer as intermediary between responding physicians and researchers. To increase response we follow the Total Design Method (TDM) with a maximum of three follow-up mailings. Also, a non-response survey is conducted to gain insight into the reasons for lack of response. Discussion The protocol of the 2007 ELD Study in Flanders, Belgium, is appropriate for achieving the objectives of the study; as past studies in Belgium, the Netherlands, and other European countries have shown, strictly anonymous and thorough surveys among physicians using a large, stratified, and representative death certificate sample are most suitable in nationwide studies of incidence and characteristics of end-of-life decisions. There are however also some limitations to the study design. PMID:18752659

  1. Approach to spatial information security based on digital certificate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cong, Shengri; Zhang, Kai; Chen, Baowen

    2005-11-01

    With the development of the online applications of geographic information systems (GIS) and the spatial information services, the spatial information security becomes more important. This work introduced digital certificates and authorization schemes into GIS to protect the crucial spatial information combining the techniques of the role-based access control (RBAC), the public key infrastructure (PKI) and the privilege management infrastructure (PMI). We investigated the spatial information granularity suited for sensitivity marking and digital certificate model that fits the need of GIS security based on the semantics analysis of spatial information. It implements a secure, flexible, fine-grained data access based on public technologies in GIS in the world.

  2. 40 CFR 94.912 - Optional certification to land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...certification to land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. 94.912 Section 94...certification to land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. This section applies to auxiliary marine engines that are identical to...

  3. Component-Based Software Certification Based on Experimental Risk Assessment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Regina L. O. Moraes; João Durães; Eliane Martins; Henrique Madeira

    2007-01-01

    Third-party software certification should attest that the software product satisfies the required confidence level according\\u000a to certification standards such as ISO\\/IEC 9126, ISO\\/IEC 14598 or ISO\\/IEC 25051. In many application areas, especially in\\u000a mission-critical applications, certification is essential or even mandatory. However, the certification of software products\\u000a using common off-the-shelf (COTS) components is difficult to attain, as detailed information about

  4. Efficient Certificate-Based Signcryption Secure against Public Key Replacement Attacks and Insider Attacks

    PubMed Central

    Li, Jiguo

    2014-01-01

    Signcryption is a useful cryptographic primitive that achieves confidentiality and authentication in an efficient manner. As an extension of signcryption in certificate-based cryptography, certificate-based signcryption preserves the merits of certificate-based cryptography and signcryption simultaneously. In this paper, we present an improved security model of certificate-based signcryption that covers both public key replacement attack and insider security. We show that an existing certificate-based signcryption scheme is insecure in our model. We also propose a new certificate-based signcryption scheme that achieves security against both public key replacement attacks and insider attacks. We prove in the random oracle model that the proposed scheme is chosen-ciphertext secure and existentially unforgeable. Performance analysis shows that the proposed scheme outperforms all the previous certificate-based signcryption schemes in the literature. PMID:24959606

  5. Efficient certificate-based signcryption secure against public key replacement attacks and insider attacks.

    PubMed

    Lu, Yang; Li, Jiguo

    2014-01-01

    Signcryption is a useful cryptographic primitive that achieves confidentiality and authentication in an efficient manner. As an extension of signcryption in certificate-based cryptography, certificate-based signcryption preserves the merits of certificate-based cryptography and signcryption simultaneously. In this paper, we present an improved security model of certificate-based signcryption that covers both public key replacement attack and insider security. We show that an existing certificate-based signcryption scheme is insecure in our model. We also propose a new certificate-based signcryption scheme that achieves security against both public key replacement attacks and insider attacks. We prove in the random oracle model that the proposed scheme is chosen-ciphertext secure and existentially unforgeable. Performance analysis shows that the proposed scheme outperforms all the previous certificate-based signcryption schemes in the literature. PMID:24959606

  6. The effectiveness of market-based conservation in the tropics: Forest certification in Ecuador and Bolivia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johannes Ebeling; Maï Yasué

    2009-01-01

    During the last decade, forest certification has gained momentum as a market-based conservation strategy in tropical forest countries. Certification has been promoted to enhance forest management in countries where governance capacities are insufficient to adequately manage natural resources and enforce pertinent regulations, given that certification relies largely on non-governmental organisations and private businesses. However, at present there are few tropical

  7. 75 FR 27182 - Energy Conservation Program: Web-Based Compliance and Certification Management System

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-14

    This final rule: provides a new means for manufacturers and third party representatives to prepare and submit compliance and certification reports to the Department of Energy (DOE) through an electronic Web-based tool, the Compliance and Certification Management System (CCMS), which will be the preferred mechanism for submitting compliance and certification reports; allows compliance and......

  8. The effectiveness of market-based conservation in the tropics: Forest certification in Ecuador and Bolivia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johannes Ebeling; Bath BA

    2008-01-01

    During the last decade, forest certification has gained momentum as a market-based conservation strategy in tropical forest countries. Certification has been promoted to enhance forest management in countries where governance capacities are insufficient to adequately manage natural resources and enforce pertinent regulations, given that certification relies largely on non-governmental organisations and private businesses. However, at present there are few tropical

  9. The environmental impact statement: an important addition to the certification of early deaths.

    PubMed

    Pacy, H

    1978-05-20

    An environmental impact statement (EIS) has been made in conjunction with a prospective study of 56 consecutive deaths of persons under 60 years of age in a local population. EIS is the cheapest and the quickest means by which to continually highlight the weaknesses of a national health system. PMID:683064

  10. Lung cancer and occupation in Alameda County: a death certificate case-control study.

    PubMed

    Milne, K L; Sandler, D P; Everson, R B; Brown, S M

    1983-01-01

    A case-control comparison of lung cancer deaths versus deaths from all other cancers occurring in Alameda County, California, between 1958 and 1962 was conducted to investigate possible associations between lung cancer and occupation. Age-adjusted, sex-specific analyses indicated that a history of work in certain industries and occupations was associated with an increased risk of lung cancer. Among males, a significant positive association was found for glass, metal, furniture, professional and photographic equipment, rubber, leather and plastic manufacturing; water and air transportation; auto repair services; and construction. Specific occupations associated with a significant positive risk for males were: electricians, aircraft mechanics, painters, plasterers, machine operators, construction workers, bus and truck drivers, and guards and nightwatchmen. Among females, beauticians had a significantly high risk associated with lung cancer. These results were consistent with other studies of lung cancer related to occupation. PMID:6869381

  11. Correctness Proof of a Middleware GSI Certification-Based Replication Protocol

    E-print Network

    Muñoz, Francesc

    Correctness Proof of a Middleware GSI Certification-Based Replication Protocol J.R. Gonz´alez de.:CorrectnessProofofaMiddlewareGSICertification-BasedReplicationProtocolITI-ITE-07/17 #12;#12;Correctness Proof of a Middleware GSI Certification-Based Replication Protocol J

  12. 5 CFR 843.311 - Annuity based on death of a separated employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Annuity based on death of a separated employee. 843.311... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.311 Annuity based on death of a separated employee....

  13. 5 CFR 843.311 - Annuity based on death of a separated employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Annuity based on death of a separated employee. 843.311... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.311 Annuity based on death of a separated employee....

  14. 5 CFR 843.311 - Annuity based on death of a separated employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Annuity based on death of a separated employee. 843.311... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.311 Annuity based on death of a separated employee....

  15. 38 CFR - § 3.1705 Burial allowance based on non-service-connected death.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...allowance based on non-service-connected death. Section Pensions, Bonuses, and...allowance based on non-service-connected death. (a) General rule. VA will...date it receives notice of the veteran's death that the expenses incurred were...

  16. 5 CFR 843.311 - Annuity based on death of a separated employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Annuity based on death of a separated employee. 843.311... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.311 Annuity based on death of a separated employee....

  17. 5 CFR 843.311 - Annuity based on death of a separated employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Annuity based on death of a separated employee. 843.311... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.311 Annuity based on death of a separated employee....

  18. 24 CFR 983.10 - Project-based certificate (PBC) program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROJECT-BASED VOUCHER (PBV) PROGRAM General § 983.10 Project-based certificate (PBC...it? “PBC program” means project-based assistance attached...the date of enactment of Title V of Public Law...

  19. 24 CFR 983.10 - Project-based certificate (PBC) program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROJECT-BASED VOUCHER (PBV) PROGRAM General § 983.10 Project-based certificate (PBC...it? “PBC program” means project-based assistance attached...the date of enactment of Title V of Public Law...

  20. 24 CFR 983.10 - Project-based certificate (PBC) program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROJECT-BASED VOUCHER (PBV) PROGRAM General § 983.10 Project-based certificate (PBC...it? “PBC program” means project-based assistance attached...the date of enactment of Title V of Public Law...

  1. 24 CFR 983.10 - Project-based certificate (PBC) program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROJECT-BASED VOUCHER (PBV) PROGRAM General § 983.10 Project-based certificate (PBC...it? “PBC program” means project-based assistance attached...the date of enactment of Title V of Public Law...

  2. 24 CFR 983.10 - Project-based certificate (PBC) program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROJECT-BASED VOUCHER (PBV) PROGRAM General § 983.10 Project-based certificate (PBC...it? “PBC program” means project-based assistance attached...the date of enactment of Title V of Public Law...

  3. 40 CFR 745.238 - Fees for accreditation and certification of lead-based paint activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...accreditation and certification of lead-based paint activities. 745.238 Section 745...SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Lead-Based Paint Activities § 745.238 Fees...

  4. 20 CFR 655.204 - Determinations based on temporary labor certification applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...based on temporary labor certification applications. 655.204 Section 655.204 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING...Employment and Non-H-2A Agricultural Employment § 655.204 Determinations based on temporary labor...

  5. 20 CFR 655.204 - Determinations based on temporary labor certification applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...based on temporary labor certification applications. 655.204 Section 655.204 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING...Employment and Non-H-2A Agricultural Employment § 655.204 Determinations based on temporary labor...

  6. 20 CFR 655.204 - Determinations based on temporary labor certification applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...based on temporary labor certification applications. 655.204 Section 655.204 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING...Employment and Non-H-2A Agricultural Employment § 655.204 Determinations based on temporary labor...

  7. 20 CFR 655.204 - Determinations based on temporary labor certification applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...based on temporary labor certification applications. 655.204 Section 655.204 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING...Employment and Non-H-2A Agricultural Employment § 655.204 Determinations based on temporary labor...

  8. The Fundamentals and Practical Use of Certificate-Based Security in Secure Web-Based Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robin M. Snyder

    2002-01-01

    Secure key exchange, public key cryptography, and symmetric key cryptography help solve the problem of achieving secure communication between two parties. But how do you know with whom you are communicating securely? Certificate-based security is designed to solve this prob- lem of identifying with whom you are communicating and is gaining increasingly widespread use as a way to identify web

  9. The effectiveness of market-based conservation in the tropics: forest certification in Ecuador and Bolivia.

    PubMed

    Ebeling, Johannes; Yasué, Maï

    2009-02-01

    During the last decade, forest certification has gained momentum as a market-based conservation strategy in tropical forest countries. Certification has been promoted to enhance forest management in countries where governance capacities are insufficient to adequately manage natural resources and enforce pertinent regulations, given that certification relies largely on non-governmental organisations and private businesses. However, at present there are few tropical countries with large areas of certified forests. In this study, we conducted semi-structured stakeholder interviews in Ecuador and Bolivia to identify key framework conditions that influence the costs and benefits for companies to switch from conventional to certified forestry operations. Bolivia has a much greater relative area under certified forest management than Ecuador and also significantly more certified producers. The difference in the success of certification between both countries is particularly notable because Bolivia is a poorer country with more widespread corruption, and is landlocked with less access to export routes. Despite these factors, several characteristics of the Bolivian forest industry contribute to lower additional costs of certified forest management compared to Ecuador. Bolivia has stronger government enforcement of forestry regulations a fact that increases the cost of illegal logging, management units are larger, and vertical integration in the process chain from timber extraction to markets is higher. Moreover, forestry laws in Bolivia are highly compatible with certification requirements, and the government provides significant tax benefits to certified producers. Results from this study suggest that certification can be successful in countries where governments have limited governance capacity. However, the economic incentives for certification do not only arise from favourable market conditions. Certification is likely to be more successful where governments enforce forestry laws, provide financial incentives for certified forestry, and provide land tenure security, and where large-scale and vertically integrated forestry operations are commercially feasible. For this reason, at present, there are few developing countries where forest certification is likely to achieve widespread success. PMID:18614273

  10. Health facility-based maternal death audit in Tigray, Ethiopia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Samuel Hailu; Fikre Enqueselassie; Yemane Berhane

    Background: Maternal deaths are often unrecognized and improperly documented in the health system. Objective: To identify causes of maternal death occurring in hospitals and determine avoidability of maternal death. Methods: The study assessed each death for the cause and surrounding circumstances as well as avoidable factors, by reviewing two years patient and facility records and interviewing individuals who were involved

  11. 5 CFR 843.310 - Annuity based on death of an employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Annuity based on death of an employee. 843.310 Section... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.310 Annuity based on death of an employee. Except as...

  12. 5 CFR 843.310 - Annuity based on death of an employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Annuity based on death of an employee. 843.310 Section... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.310 Annuity based on death of an employee. Except as...

  13. 5 CFR 843.310 - Annuity based on death of an employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Annuity based on death of an employee. 843.310 Section... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.310 Annuity based on death of an employee. Except as...

  14. 5 CFR 843.310 - Annuity based on death of an employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Annuity based on death of an employee. 843.310 Section... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.310 Annuity based on death of an employee. Except as...

  15. 5 CFR 843.310 - Annuity based on death of an employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Annuity based on death of an employee. 843.310 Section... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.310 Annuity based on death of an employee. Except as...

  16. Occupational risk factors for cancer of the central nervous system: a case-control study on death certificates from 24 U.S. states.

    PubMed

    Cocco, P; Dosemeci, M; Heineman, E F

    1998-03-01

    The risk of cancer of the central nervous system (CNS) by industry and occupation was investigated with a case-control analysis of the death certificates of 28,416 cases and 113,664 controls, selected from over 4.5 million deaths in 24 U.S. states between 1984 and 1992. Industries showing consistent increases in risk by gender and race included textile mills, paper mills, printing and publishing industries, petroleum refining, motor vehicles manufacturing, telephone and electric utilities, department stores, health care services, elementary and secondary schools, and colleges and universities. CNS cancer risk was increased for administrators in education and related fields, secondary school teachers, and other education- and health-related occupations. The application of job-exposure matrices to the industry/occupation combinations revealed a modest increase in risk for potential contact with the public at work and exposure to solvents. Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) was not associated with CNS cancer, although an association was observed with a few EMF-related occupations and industries. Agricultural exposures were associated with significant risk increases among white women and white men. Further work is required to investigate in more detail specific occupational exposures or possible confounders responsible for the observed associations. PMID:9481423

  17. Recording of deaths in hospital information systems: implications for audit and outcome studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J Henderson; M J Goldacre; M Griffith; H Simmons

    1992-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to report on the extent to which death certificates which specify that death occurred in hospital can be matched and linked with routine hospital inpatient information systems. DESIGN--The study involved linkage of hospital records which specified that death occurred in hospital to corresponding death certificates; and linkage of death certificates which specified that death occurred in

  18. A Lightweight Certificate-based Source Authentication Protocol for Group Communication

    E-print Network

    Baras, John S.

    communication in hybrid wireless networks with a satellite overlay. The proposed protocol uses a new classA Lightweight Certificate-based Source Authentication Protocol for Group Communication in Hybrid Wireless/Satellite Networks Ayan Roy-Chowdhury Electrical and Computer Engineering Institute for Systems

  19. Designing a Security-typed Language with Certificate-based Declassification

    E-print Network

    Zdancewic, Steve

    of a programming lan- guage that supports information-flow security policies and certificate-based declassification systems [45]. However, designing a sound and secure information-flow type sys- tem is still a challenging easy to understand and the proof of noninterference [19, 29] for security modular. The language

  20. Estimating time of death based on the biological clock.

    PubMed

    Kimura, Akihiko; Ishida, Yuko; Hayashi, Takahito; Nosaka, Mizuho; Kondo, Toshikazu

    2011-05-01

    The biological clock may stop at the time of death in a dead body. Therefore, the biological clock seems useful for estimating the time of death. In this study, we tried to read the biological clock in tissues from dead bodies to estimate the time of death using molecular biological techniques. At first, we examined real-time RT-PCR analysis of gene expression for mPer2 and mBmal1, which constitutes a feedback loop in the oscillation system, in the kidney, liver, and heart of mice. We could detect circadian oscillation of these gene expressions in mouse tissues even at <48 h after death. Thus, the ratio of mPer2/mBmal1 was found to be useful for estimating the time of death. We next applied this method to the liver, kidney, and heart obtained from forensic autopsy cases with less than 72 h of postmortem interval. Significant circadian oscillation of hPer2/hBmal1 ratio could be detected in these autopsy samples. We further examined gene expression for hRev-Erb?, a component of another feedback loop. The ratios of hRev-Erb?/hBmal1 showed higher amplitude of oscillation than those of hPer2/hBmal1 and are considered more suitable for estimating the time of death. In particular, a hRev/hBmal1 ratio of >50 indicated the time of death as 0200-0900 hours, and a hRev/hBmal1 ratio that considerably exceeded 75 indicated the time of death as 0200-0800 hours. On the other hand, a hRev/hBmal1 ratio of less than 25 strongly indicated the time of death as 1000-2300 hours. Taken together, these findings indicate that gene expression analyses of the biological clock could be powerful methods for estimation of the time of death. PMID:21069371

  1. Dynamic frailty models based on compound birth-death processes.

    PubMed

    Putter, Hein; van Houwelingen, Hans C

    2015-07-01

    Frailty models are used in survival analysis to model unobserved heterogeneity. They accommodate such heterogeneity by the inclusion of a random term, the frailty, which is assumed to multiply the hazard of a subject (individual frailty) or the hazards of all subjects in a cluster (shared frailty). Typically, the frailty term is assumed to be constant over time. This is a restrictive assumption and extensions to allow for time-varying or dynamic frailties are of interest. In this paper, we extend the auto-correlated frailty models of Henderson and Shimakura and of Fiocco, Putter and van Houwelingen, developed for longitudinal count data and discrete survival data, to continuous survival data. We present a rigorous construction of the frailty processes in continuous time based on compound birth-death processes. When the frailty processes are used as mixtures in models for survival data, we derive the marginal hazards and survival functions and the marginal bivariate survival functions and cross-ratio function. We derive distributional properties of the processes, conditional on observed data, and show how to obtain the maximum likelihood estimators of the parameters of the model using a (stochastic) expectation-maximization algorithm. The methods are applied to a publicly available data set. PMID:25681608

  2. 23 CFR Appendix C to Part 1240 - Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved Under 23 U.S.C. 153)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 false Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved...Appendix C to Part 1240—Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved...S.C. 153) State Certification-Calendar Year 1998 Seat Belt Use Survey...

  3. 23 CFR Appendix C to Part 1240 - Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved Under 23 U.S.C. 153)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 false Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved...Appendix C to Part 1240—Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved...S.C. 153) State Certification-Calendar Year 1998 Seat Belt Use Survey...

  4. 23 CFR Appendix C to Part 1240 - Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved Under 23 U.S.C. 153)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 false Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved...Appendix C to Part 1240—Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved...S.C. 153) State Certification-Calendar Year 1998 Seat Belt Use Survey...

  5. Protein-based therapeutic approaches targeting death receptors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lars E French; Jürg Tschopp

    2003-01-01

    Death receptors (DRs) are a growing family of transmembrane proteins that can detect the presence of specific extracellular death signals and rapidly trigger cellular destruction by apoptosis. Eight human DRs (Fas, TNF-R1, TRAMP, TRAIL-R1, TRAIL-R2, DR-6, EDA-R and NGF-R) have been identified. The best studied to date is Fas (CD95). Expression and signaling by Fas and its ligand (FasL, CD95L)

  6. Cigarette Smoking as a Risk Factor for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: A Population-Based Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haglund, Bengt; Cnattingius, Sven

    1990-01-01

    Examines risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome based on Swedish births between 1983 and 1985. Results indicate that maternal smoking doubles the risk of infant death, and infants of smokers also died sooner. The more the mother smoked the more likely her infant was to die. (JS)

  7. Improving maternity care in Ethiopia through facility based review of maternal deaths and near misses.

    PubMed

    Gebrehiwot, Yirgu; Tewolde, Birukkidus T

    2014-10-01

    The present study aimed to initiate facility based review of maternal deaths and near misses as part of the Ethiopian effort to reduce maternal mortality and achieve United Nations Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5. An in-depth review of all maternal deaths and near misses among women who visited 10 hospitals in four regions of Ethiopia was conducted between May 2011 and October 2012 as part of the FIGO LOGIC initiative. During the study period, a total of 2774 cases (206 deaths and 2568 near misses) were reviewed. The ratio of maternal deaths to near misses was 1:12 and the overall maternal death rate was 728 per 100 000 live births. Socioeconomic factors associated with maternal mortality included illiteracy 1672 (60.3%) and lack of employment outside the home 2098 (75.6%). In all, 1946 (70.2%) women arrived at hospital after they had developed serious complications owing to issues such as lack of transportation. Only 1223 (44.1%) women received prenatal follow-up and 157 (76.2%) deaths were attributed to direct obstetric causes. Based on the findings, facilities adopted a number of quality improvement measures such as providing 24-hour services, and making ambulances available. Integrating review of maternal deaths and near misses into regular practice provides accurate information on causes of maternal deaths and near misses and also improves quality of care in facilities. PMID:25261109

  8. On the Reliability of Vocational Workplace-Based Certifications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harth, H.; Hemker, B.T.

    2013-01-01

    The assessment of vocational workplace-based qualifications in England relies on human assessors (raters). These assessors observe naturally occurring, non-standardised evidence, unique to each learner and evaluate the learner as competent/not yet competent against content standards. Whilst these are considered difficult to measure, this study…

  9. Certification of Public Keys within an Identity Based System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Chen; Keith Harrison; Andrew Moss; David Soldera; Nigel P. Smart

    2002-01-01

    We investigate a number of issues related to the use of multi- ple trust authorities in the type of identifier based cryptography enabled by the Weil and Tate pairings. An example of such a system is the Boneh and Franklin encryption scheme. We examine how to create an efficient hierarchy of multiple trust authorities and then go on to examine

  10. Identification of Modules Related to Programmed Cell Death in CHD Based on EHEN

    PubMed Central

    Jia, Xu; Miao, Zhengqiang; Feng, Chenchen; Liu, Zhe; He, Yuehan; Lv, Junjie; Du, Youwen; Hou, Min; He, Weiming; Li, Danbin

    2014-01-01

    The formation and death of macrophages and foam cells are one of the major factors that cause coronary heart disease (CHD). In our study, based on the Edinburgh Human Metabolic Network (EHMN) metabolic network, we built an enzyme network which was constructed by enzymes (nodes) and reactions (edges) called the Edinburgh Human Enzyme Network (EHEN). By integrating the subcellular location information for the reactions and refining the protein-reaction relationships based on the location information, we proposed a computational approach to select modules related to programmed cell death. The identified module was in the EHEN-mitochondria (EHEN-M) and was confirmed to be related to programmed cell death, CHD pathogenesis, and lipid metabolism in the literature. We expected this method could analyze CHD better and more comprehensively from the point of programmed cell death in subnetworks. PMID:25133163

  11. Maternal deaths in Sagamu in the new millennium: a facility-based retrospective analysis

    PubMed Central

    Oladapo, Olufemi T; Lamina, Mustafa A; Fakoya, Tuminu A

    2006-01-01

    Background Health institutions need to contribute their quota towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) with respect to maternal health. In order to do so, current data on maternal mortality is essential for careproviders and policy makers to appreciate the burden of the problem and understand how best to distribute resources. This study presents the magnitude and distribution of causes of maternal deaths at the beginning of the 21st century in a Nigerian referral hospital and derives recommendations to reduce its frequency. Methods A retrospective descriptive analysis of all cases of maternal deaths at Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Southwest Nigeria between 1 January 2000 to 30 June 2005. Results There were 75 maternal deaths, 2509 live births and 2728 deliveries during the study period. Sixty-three (84.0%) of the deaths were direct maternal deaths while 12 (16.0%) were indirect maternal deaths. Major causes of deaths were hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (28.0%), haemorrhage (21.3%) and sepsis (20.0%). Overall, eclampsia was the leading cause of deaths singly accounting for 24.0% of all maternal deaths. Abortion and HIV-related mortality accounted for 1.3% and 4.0% of maternal deaths, respectively. The maternal mortality ratio of 2989.2 per 100,000 live births was significantly higher than that reported for 1988–1997 in the same institution. Up to 67/794 (8.4%) patients referred from other facilities died compared to 8/1934 (0.4%) booked patients (OR: 22.1; 95% CI: 10.2–50.1). Maternal death was more likely to follow operative deliveries than non-operative deliveries (27/545 vs 22/2161; OR: 5.07; 95% CI: 2.77–9.31). Conclusion At the middle of the first decade of the new millennium, a large number of pregnant women receiving care in this centre continue to die from preventable causes of maternal death. Adoption of evidence-based protocol for the management of eclampsia and improvement in the quality of obstetric care for unbooked emergencies would go a long way to significantly reduce the frequency of maternal deaths in this institution. PMID:16529649

  12. A simple birth-death-migration individual-based model for biofilm development

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A simple birth-death-migration individual-based model for biofilm development Nabil Mabrouk- congnized to play an important role in microbial biofilm formation. In this paper we we investigate using an individual-based model how these processes interplay to yield complex biofilm spatial patterns. 1

  13. Physician-assisted deaths under the euthanasia law in Belgium: a population-based survey

    PubMed Central

    Chambaere, Kenneth; Bilsen, Johan; Cohen, Joachim; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje D.; Mortier, Freddy; Deliens, Luc

    2010-01-01

    Background Legalization of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide has been heavily debated in many countries. To help inform this debate, we describe the practices of euthanasia and assisted suicide, and the use of life-ending drugs without an explicit request from the patient, in Flanders, Belgium, where euthanasia is legal. Methods We mailed a questionnaire regarding the use of life-ending drugs with or without explicit patient request to physicians who certified a representative sample (n = 6927) of death certificates of patients who died in Flanders between June and November 2007. Results The response rate was 58.4%. Overall, 208 deaths involving the use of life-ending drugs were reported: 142 (weighted prevalence 2.0%) were with an explicit patient request (euthanasia or assisted suicide) and 66 (weighted prevalence 1.8%) were without an explicit request. Euthanasia and assisted suicide mostly involved patients less than 80 years of age, those with cancer and those dying at home. Use of life-ending drugs without an explicit request mostly involved patients 80 years of older, those with a disease other than cancer and those in hospital. Of the deaths without an explicit request, the decision was not discussed with the patient in 77.9% of cases. Compared with assisted deaths with the patient’s explicit request, those without an explicit request were more likely to have a shorter length of treatment of the terminal illness, to have cure as a goal of treatment in the last week, to have a shorter estimated time by which life was shortened and to involve the administration of opioids. Interpretation Physician-assisted deaths with an explicit patient request (euthanasia and assisted suicide) and without an explicit request occurred in different patient groups and under different circumstances. Cases without an explicit request often involved patients whose diseases had unpredictable end-of-life trajectories. Although opioids were used in most of these cases, misconceptions seem to persist about their actual life-shortening effects. PMID:20479044

  14. Number of Alzheimer's Deaths Found to Be Underreported

    MedlinePLUS

    ... 2014 Official mortality figures may have substantially underreported deaths due to Alzheimer’s disease in 2010 show two ... NIA. Underreporting of Alzheimer’s as a cause of death on death certificates is a well-known phenomenon. ...

  15. Combined prediction model of death toll for road traffic accidents based on independent and dependent variables.

    PubMed

    Feng, Zhong-xiang; Lu, Shi-sheng; Zhang, Wei-hua; Zhang, Nan-nan

    2014-01-01

    In order to build a combined model which can meet the variation rule of death toll data for road traffic accidents and can reflect the influence of multiple factors on traffic accidents and improve prediction accuracy for accidents, the Verhulst model was built based on the number of death tolls for road traffic accidents in China from 2002 to 2011; and car ownership, population, GDP, highway freight volume, highway passenger transportation volume, and highway mileage were chosen as the factors to build the death toll multivariate linear regression model. Then the two models were combined to be a combined prediction model which has weight coefficient. Shapley value method was applied to calculate the weight coefficient by assessing contributions. Finally, the combined model was used to recalculate the number of death tolls from 2002 to 2011, and the combined model was compared with the Verhulst and multivariate linear regression models. The results showed that the new model could not only characterize the death toll data characteristics but also quantify the degree of influence to the death toll by each influencing factor and had high accuracy as well as strong practicability. PMID:25610454

  16. Combined Prediction Model of Death Toll for Road Traffic Accidents Based on Independent and Dependent Variables

    PubMed Central

    Zhong-xiang, Feng; Shi-sheng, Lu; Wei-hua, Zhang; Nan-nan, Zhang

    2014-01-01

    In order to build a combined model which can meet the variation rule of death toll data for road traffic accidents and can reflect the influence of multiple factors on traffic accidents and improve prediction accuracy for accidents, the Verhulst model was built based on the number of death tolls for road traffic accidents in China from 2002 to 2011; and car ownership, population, GDP, highway freight volume, highway passenger transportation volume, and highway mileage were chosen as the factors to build the death toll multivariate linear regression model. Then the two models were combined to be a combined prediction model which has weight coefficient. Shapley value method was applied to calculate the weight coefficient by assessing contributions. Finally, the combined model was used to recalculate the number of death tolls from 2002 to 2011, and the combined model was compared with the Verhulst and multivariate linear regression models. The results showed that the new model could not only characterize the death toll data characteristics but also quantify the degree of influence to the death toll by each influencing factor and had high accuracy as well as strong practicability. PMID:25610454

  17. Tobacco cessation skills certification in Arizona: application of a state wide, community based model for diffusion of evidence based practice guidelines

    PubMed Central

    Muramoto, M.; Connolly, T.; Strayer, L.; Ranger-Moore, J.; Blatt, W.; Leischow, R.; Leischow, S.

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVE—To describe the development and preliminary results from a community based certification model for training in tobacco cessation skills in Arizona.?DESIGN—A programme evaluation using both quantitative pre-post measures and qualitative methods.?SETTING—Arizona's comprehensive tobacco control programme of state funded, community based local projects and their community partners providing tobacco treatment services for geographically, socioeconomically, and ethnically diverse communities.?INTERVENTION—A three tiered model of skills based training emphasising Agency for Health Care Policy and Research guidelines, and utilising a training of trainers approach to build community capacity. Certification roles addressed basic tobacco cessation skills, tobacco cessation specialist, and tobacco treatment services manager.?PARTICIPANTS—Initial target audience was community based local project personnel and their community partners, with later adoption by community organisations unaffiliated with local projects, and the general public.?MAIN EVALUATION MEASURES—Process measures: participant satisfaction, knowledge, skills, and self-efficacy. Outcome: participant demographics, community organisations represented, post-training, cessation related activities.?RESULTS—During the model's implementation year, 1075 participants attended certification training, 947 participants received basic skills certificates and 82 received specialist certificates. Pre, post, and three month measures of self efficacy showed significant and durable increases. Analysis of participant characteristics demonstrated broad community representation. At post-training follow up, 80.9% of basic skills trainees had performed at least one brief intervention and 74.8% had made a referral to intensive services. Among cessation specialists, 48.8% were delivering intensive services and 69.5% were teaching basic skills classes.?CONCLUSIONS—Initial experience with Arizona's state wide, community based model for certification of tobacco cessation skills training suggests this model may be a promising method for broad, population based diffusion of evidence based tobacco cessation guidelines.???Keywords: tobacco cessation; certification; population based; training PMID:11106711

  18. Workshop-based methodology to understand the risks in grain export inspection and certification.

    PubMed

    Wilson, John R; Vaegen-Lloyd, Jo-Roxy; Caponecchia, Carlo

    2009-07-01

    Much of the human factors contribution in risk assessment and risk management has been focused on systems or product safety; the profession has a much smaller research base regarding risks to do with regulation, certification and public policy, for example. This paper discusses an explicitly human factors contribution to understanding and managing risk for the inspection and export certification of grain and plant products in Australia. Training and awareness workshops, incorporating elements of focus groups, were run for 12 groups of staff and managers from the government department concerned. As well as training in risk management the workshops were used to come to an understanding of the work of the inspectors and other staff, to identify the sources of risk to the successful completion of their work and to develop the basis for a risk assessment framework and tool. The paper is methodological in focus and describes the development and running of the workshops and explains how a human factors oriented risk register was developed on the basis of identification of potential threats and errors in the system. Whilst the contribution of ergonomics is increasingly important as regards safety risk assessment, professionals have been less active as regards business, public policy and even engineering risk. This paper describes an approach within which a new domain was studied and the risks of all kinds identified, preparatory to development of a risk assessment tool. PMID:19562588

  19. NATIONAL VITAL STATISTICS SYSTEM - LINKED BIRTH AND INFANT DEATH DATA

    EPA Science Inventory

    In 1983, NCHS established a research data set comprised of linked birth and death certificates for infants born in the United States who died before reaching one year of age. In this data set, information from the death certificate is linked with information from the birth certif...

  20. New York State Standards for BUILDING Leaders Candidates in university-based preparation programs who seek NYS certification as

    E-print Network

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    and skills necessary to perform the following: a. Develop and implement an educational vision, or build1 New York State Standards for BUILDING Leaders Candidates in university-based preparation programs who seek NYS certification as School Building Leaders (SBL) must demonstrate the following nine

  1. Test Security and Item Exposure Control for Computer-Based Examinations: Performance of a Computerized Classification Test for Professional Certification.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalohn, John C.; Spray, Judith A.

    A client of American College Testing, Inc. (ACT) decided to implement a computer-based testing program to replace their paper-pencil format for professional certification. This paper reports on the results of the developed test after 1 year's use, especially as the results relate to test security issues. ACT research shows that a variable length…

  2. Ceramide, sphingoid bases, and sphingoid base metabolites as lipid mediators in signaling pathways leading to cell death and disease

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Increased ceramide generation de novo is known to be involved in the mechanism of action of many chemotherapeutic agents and conditions which disrupt cell cycle progression and induce cell death. Conversely, the metabolism of ceramide to sphingoid bases and and sphingoid base 1-phosphates has been i...

  3. ORACLE CERTIFICATION Oracle Database

    E-print Network

    Loudon, Catherine

    ORACLE CERTIFICATION Oracle Database Administration Certificate Program Train with the best. Get your Oracle Database Administration education from the number-one provider* of Oracle training-on, lab-based understanding of Oracle, the world's leading database platform, and long the product

  4. Information Technology Student-Based Certification in Formal Education Settings: Who Benefits and What Is Needed

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Randall, Michael H.; Zirkle, Christopher J.

    2005-01-01

    There is a growing trend within secondary and post-secondary institutions to offer information technology (IT) certification programs as instructional vehicles to provide students with viable skills needed by the workforce, to satisfy state skill standards, and to prepare students for post-secondary IT studies. The use of IT certification programs…

  5. On the Performance of Certificate Validation Schemes Based on Pre-Computed Responses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tong-lee Lim; Anantharaman Lakshminarayanan

    2007-01-01

    In public key infrastructures (PKIs), cryptographically protected responses are used to validate the status of certificates. The online certificate status protocol (OCSP) [1] is a scheme that was proposed for this purpose. However, OCSP is expensive primarily because it requires online trusted servers. Currently, there exists cheaper online validation schemes wherein validating clients download pre-computed responses from untrusted distribution servers.

  6. Does Marital Status Predict the Odds of Suicidal Death in Taiwan? A Seven-Year Population-Based Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeh, Jui-Yuan; Xirasagar, Sudha; Liu, Tsai-Ching; Li, Chong-Yi; Lin, Herng-Ching

    2008-01-01

    Using nationwide, 7-year population-based data for 1997-2003, we examined marital status to see if it predicted suicide among the ethnic Chinese population of Taiwan. Using cause of death data, with a case-control design, two groups--total adult suicide deaths, n = 17,850, the study group, and adult deaths other than suicide, n = 71,400 (randomly…

  7. Impact of Changes in Infant Death Classification on the Diagnosis of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brooke M. Moore; Kathleen L. Fernbach; Marsha J. Finkelstein; Patrick L. Carolan

    2008-01-01

    This study evaluates the hypothesis that a decline in sudden infant death syndrome in Minnesota is associated with increases in other categories of sudden unexpected infant death. Matched birth and death certificates, autopsy reports, and home visit questionnaires were reviewed for 722 sudden unexpected infant deaths that occurred from January 1, 1996 through December 31, 2002. Descriptive data and cause

  8. Burden of Severe Pneumonia, Pneumococcal Pneumonia and Pneumonia Deaths in Indian States: Modelling Based Estimates

    PubMed Central

    Farooqui, Habib; Jit, Mark; Heymann, David L.; Zodpey, Sanjay

    2015-01-01

    The burden of severe pneumonia in terms of morbidity and mortality is unknown in India especially at sub-national level. In this context, we aimed to estimate the number of severe pneumonia episodes, pneumococcal pneumonia episodes and pneumonia deaths in children younger than 5 years in 2010. We adapted and parameterized a mathematical model based on the epidemiological concept of potential impact fraction developed CHERG for this analysis. The key parameters that determine the distribution of severe pneumonia episode across Indian states were state-specific under-5 population, state-specific prevalence of selected definite pneumonia risk factors and meta-estimates of relative risks for each of these risk factors. We applied the incidence estimates and attributable fraction of risk factors to population estimates for 2010 of each Indian state. We then estimated the number of pneumococcal pneumonia cases by applying the vaccine probe methodology to an existing trial. We estimated mortality due to severe pneumonia and pneumococcal pneumonia by combining incidence estimates with case fatality ratios from multi-centric hospital-based studies. Our results suggest that in 2010, 3.6 million (3.3–3.9 million) episodes of severe pneumonia and 0.35 million (0.31–0.40 million) all cause pneumonia deaths occurred in children younger than 5 years in India. The states that merit special mention include Uttar Pradesh where 18.1% children reside but contribute 24% of pneumonia cases and 26% pneumonia deaths, Bihar (11.3% children, 16% cases, 22% deaths) Madhya Pradesh (6.6% children, 9% cases, 12% deaths), and Rajasthan (6.6% children, 8% cases, 11% deaths). Further, we estimated that 0.56 million (0.49–0.64 million) severe episodes of pneumococcal pneumonia and 105 thousand (92–119 thousand) pneumococcal deaths occurred in India. The top contributors to India’s pneumococcal pneumonia burden were Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan in that order. Our results highlight the need to improve access to care and increase coverage and equity of pneumonia preventing vaccines in states with high pneumonia burden. PMID:26086700

  9. Prison tobacco control policies and deaths from smoking in United States prisons: population based retrospective analysis

    PubMed Central

    Carson, E Ann; Krueger, Patrick M; Mueller, Shane R; Steiner, John F; Sabol, William J

    2014-01-01

    Objective To determine the mortality attributable to smoking and years of potential life lost from smoking among people in prison and whether bans on smoking in prison are associated with reductions in smoking related deaths. Design Analysis of cross sectional survey data with the smoking attributable mortality, morbidity, and economic costs system; population based time series analysis. Setting All state prisons in the United States. Main outcome measures Prevalence of smoking from cross sectional survey of inmates in state correctional facilities. Data on state prison tobacco policies from web based searches of state policies and legislation. Deaths and causes of death in US state prisons from the deaths in custody reporting program of the Bureau of Justice Statistics for 2001-11. Smoking attributable mortality and years of potential life lost was assessed from the smoking attributable mortality, morbidity, and economic costs system of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Multivariate Poisson models quantified the association between bans and smoking related cancer, cardiovascular and pulmonary deaths. Results The most common causes of deaths related to smoking among people in prison were lung cancer, ischemic heart disease, other heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and chronic airways obstruction. The age adjusted smoking attributable mortality and years of potential life lost rates were 360 and 5149 per 100?000, respectively; these figures are higher than rates in the general US population (248 and 3501, respectively). The number of states with any smoking ban increased from 25 in 2001 to 48 by 2011. In prisons the mortality rate from smoking related causes was lower during years with a ban than during years without a ban (110.4/100?000 v 128.9/100?000). Prisons that implemented smoking bans had a 9% reduction (adjusted incidence rate ratio 0.91, 95% confidence interval 0.88 to 0.95) in smoking related deaths. Bans in place for longer than nine years were associated with reductions in cancer mortality (adjusted incidence rate ratio 0.81, 95% confidence interval 0.74 to 0.90). Conclusions Smoking contributes to substantial mortality in prison, and prison tobacco control policies are associated with reduced mortality. These findings suggest that smoking bans have health benefits for people in prison, despite the limits they impose on individual autonomy and the risks of relapse after release. PMID:25097186

  10. Burden of Severe Pneumonia, Pneumococcal Pneumonia and Pneumonia Deaths in Indian States: Modelling Based Estimates.

    PubMed

    Farooqui, Habib; Jit, Mark; Heymann, David L; Zodpey, Sanjay

    2015-01-01

    The burden of severe pneumonia in terms of morbidity and mortality is unknown in India especially at sub-national level. In this context, we aimed to estimate the number of severe pneumonia episodes, pneumococcal pneumonia episodes and pneumonia deaths in children younger than 5 years in 2010. We adapted and parameterized a mathematical model based on the epidemiological concept of potential impact fraction developed CHERG for this analysis. The key parameters that determine the distribution of severe pneumonia episode across Indian states were state-specific under-5 population, state-specific prevalence of selected definite pneumonia risk factors and meta-estimates of relative risks for each of these risk factors. We applied the incidence estimates and attributable fraction of risk factors to population estimates for 2010 of each Indian state. We then estimated the number of pneumococcal pneumonia cases by applying the vaccine probe methodology to an existing trial. We estimated mortality due to severe pneumonia and pneumococcal pneumonia by combining incidence estimates with case fatality ratios from multi-centric hospital-based studies. Our results suggest that in 2010, 3.6 million (3.3-3.9 million) episodes of severe pneumonia and 0.35 million (0.31-0.40 million) all cause pneumonia deaths occurred in children younger than 5 years in India. The states that merit special mention include Uttar Pradesh where 18.1% children reside but contribute 24% of pneumonia cases and 26% pneumonia deaths, Bihar (11.3% children, 16% cases, 22% deaths) Madhya Pradesh (6.6% children, 9% cases, 12% deaths), and Rajasthan (6.6% children, 8% cases, 11% deaths). Further, we estimated that 0.56 million (0.49-0.64 million) severe episodes of pneumococcal pneumonia and 105 thousand (92-119 thousand) pneumococcal deaths occurred in India. The top contributors to India's pneumococcal pneumonia burden were Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan in that order. Our results highlight the need to improve access to care and increase coverage and equity of pneumonia preventing vaccines in states with high pneumonia burden. PMID:26086700

  11. Deaths due to Unknown Foodborne Agents

    PubMed Central

    2004-01-01

    This study reviews the available evidence on unknown pathogenic agents transmitted in food and examines the methods that have been used to estimate that such agents cause 3,400 deaths per year in the United States. The estimate of deaths was derived from hospital discharge and death certificate data on deaths attributed to gastroenteritis of unknown cause. Fatal illnesses due to unknown foodborne agents do not always involve gastroenteritis, and gastroenteritis may not be accurately diagnosed or reported on hospital charts or death certificates. The death estimate consequently omitted deaths from unknown foodborne agents that do not cause gastroenteritis and likely overstated the number of deaths from agents that cause gastroenteritis. Although the number of deaths from unknown foodborne agents is uncertain, the possible economic cost of these deaths is so large that increased efforts to identify the causal agents are warranted. PMID:15498153

  12. 38 CFR 51.20 - Application for recognition based on certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) PER DIEM FOR NURSING HOME CARE OF VETERANS IN STATE HOMES Obtaining Per Diem for Nursing Home Care in State Homes § 51.20...and certification of a State home for nursing home care, a State must:...

  13. 38 CFR 51.20 - Application for recognition based on certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) PER DIEM FOR NURSING HOME CARE OF VETERANS IN STATE HOMES Obtaining Per Diem for Nursing Home Care in State Homes § 51.20...and certification of a State home for nursing home care, a State must:...

  14. 38 CFR 51.20 - Application for recognition based on certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) PER DIEM FOR NURSING HOME CARE OF VETERANS IN STATE HOMES Obtaining Per Diem for Nursing Home Care in State Homes § 51.20...and certification of a State home for nursing home care, a State must:...

  15. 38 CFR 51.20 - Application for recognition based on certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) PER DIEM FOR NURSING HOME CARE OF VETERANS IN STATE HOMES Obtaining Per Diem for Nursing Home Care in State Homes § 51.20...and certification of a State home for nursing home care, a State must:...

  16. 38 CFR 51.20 - Application for recognition based on certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) PER DIEM FOR NURSING HOME CARE OF VETERANS IN STATE HOMES Obtaining Per Diem for Nursing Home Care in State Homes § 51.20...and certification of a State home for nursing home care, a State must:...

  17. Monitoring Socioeconomic Disparities in Death: Comparing Individual-Level Education and Area-Based Socioeconomic Measures

    PubMed Central

    Rehkopf, David H.; Haughton, Lorna T.; Chen, Jarvis T.; Waterman, Pamela D.; Subramanian, S.V.; Krieger, Nancy

    2006-01-01

    We compared all-cause mortality rates stratified by individual-level education and by census tract area–based socioeconomic measures for Massachusetts (1999–2001). Among persons aged 25 and older, the age-adjusted relative index of inequality was slightly higher for the census tract than for the individual education measures (1.5 vs 1.2, respectively). Only the census tract socioeconomic measures could provide a relative index of inequality (2–3) for deaths before age 25 or detect expected socioeconomic disparities for deaths among persons 65 and older (relative index of inequality= approximately 1.2 vs 0.8 for census tract measures and individual education, respectively). PMID:16809582

  18. 21 CFR 1311.40 - Renewal of CSOS digital certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...obtain a new CSOS digital certificate when the registrant's DEA registration expires or whenever the information on which...handle. A CSOS certificate will expire on the date on which the DEA registration on which the certificate is based expires....

  19. 21 CFR 1311.40 - Renewal of CSOS digital certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...obtain a new CSOS digital certificate when the registrant's DEA registration expires or whenever the information on which...handle. A CSOS certificate will expire on the date on which the DEA registration on which the certificate is based expires....

  20. 21 CFR 1311.40 - Renewal of CSOS digital certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...obtain a new CSOS digital certificate when the registrant's DEA registration expires or whenever the information on which...handle. A CSOS certificate will expire on the date on which the DEA registration on which the certificate is based expires....

  1. 21 CFR 1311.40 - Renewal of CSOS digital certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...obtain a new CSOS digital certificate when the registrant's DEA registration expires or whenever the information on which...handle. A CSOS certificate will expire on the date on which the DEA registration on which the certificate is based expires....

  2. An Exploration of Initial Certification Candidates' TPACK and Mathematics-Based Applications Using Touch Device Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCrory, Michael Ray

    2010-01-01

    This qualitative research study employed a multiple-case study approach to describe the experiences of a group of Initial Certification Candidates (ICCs) as they participated in explorations of readings and third-party applications (apps) run on touch screen technology devices. The group of ICCs was comprised of two Undergraduate Teacher…

  3. Infant Maltreatment-Related Mortality in Alaska: Correcting the Count and Using Birth Certificates to Predict Mortality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parrish, Jared W.; Gessner, Bradford D.

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: To accurately count the number of infant maltreatment-related fatalities and to use information from the birth certificates to predict infant maltreatment-related deaths. Methods: A population-based retrospective cohort study of infants born in Alaska for the years 1992 through 2005 was conducted. Risk factor variables were ascertained…

  4. 21 CFR 1010.2 - Certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...prescribes some other manner of certification. All such labels or tags shall be in the English language. (c) Such certification shall be based upon a test, in accordance with the standard, of the individual article to which it is...

  5. The high burden of infant deaths in rural Burkina Faso: a prospective community-based cohort study

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Infant mortality rates (IMR) remain high in many sub-Saharan African countries, especially in rural settings where access to health services may be limited. Studies in such communities can provide relevant data on the burden of and risk factors for infant death. We measured IMR and explored risk factors for infant death in a cohort of children born in Banfora Health District, a rural area in South-West Burkina Faso. Methods A prospective community-based cohort study was nested within the PROMISE-EBF trial (NCT00397150) in 24 villages of the study area. Maternal and infant baseline characteristics were collected at recruitment and after birth, respectively. Home visits were conducted at weeks 3, 6, 12, 24 and 52 after birth. Descriptive statistics were calculated using robust standard errors to account for cluster sampling. Cox multivariable regression was used to investigate potential risk factors for infant death. Results Among the 866 live born children included in the study there were 98 infant deaths, yielding an IMR of 113 per 1000 live births (95% CI: 89–143). Over 75% of infant deaths had occurred by 6?months of age and the post neonatal infant mortality rate was 67 per 1000 live births (95% CI: 51–88). Infections (35%) and preterm births complications (23%) were the most common probable causes of death by 6?months. Multivariable analyses identified maternal history of child death, polygyny, twin births and poor anthropometric z-scores at week-3 as factors associated with increased risk of infant death. Conclusions We observed a very high IMR in a rural area of Burkina Faso, a country where 75% of the population lives in rural settings. Community-based health interventions targeting mothers and children at high risk are urgently needed to reduce the high burden of infant deaths in these areas. PMID:22947029

  6. Labor Certifications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaye, Allen E.

    1978-01-01

    The U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act requires that those aliens who wish to obtain U.S. immigrant visas and who intend to be permanently employed here to obtain a certification from the U.S. Secretary of Labor. Certain aliens are exempt from this requirement. Those not exempt must follow the labor certification process. (NQ)

  7. A State-Based Approach to Building a Liquid National Market for Renewable Energy Certificates: The REC-EX Model

    SciTech Connect

    Berendt, Christopher B.

    2006-06-15

    RECs are the currency driving the growth of renewable energy markets and the sale of RECs from renewable energy generation projects could promise a predictable return. But the existing REC markets in the U.S. sorely lack the liquidity needed to make good on that promise. The author proposes a Renewable Energy Certificate Exchange program rooted in the construction of a national trading platform for RECs in tandem with the execution of a new agreement among the states with REC-based renewable portfolio standards. (author)

  8. Proficiency-based Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery skills training results in durable performance improvement and a uniform certification pass rate

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Madelyn E. Rosenthal; E. Matt Ritter; Mouza T. Goova; Antonio O. Castellvi; Seifu T. Tesfay; Elisabeth A. Pimentel; Robert Hartzler; Daniel J. Scott

    2010-01-01

    Background  The authors have previously documented a 100% certification pass rate immediately after a proficiency-based skills training\\u000a curriculum for the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) program. This study aimed to determine the durability of skills\\u000a acquired after initial training.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  For this study, 21 novice medical students were enrolled in institutional review board (IRB)-approved protocols at two institutions.\\u000a As previously reported, all

  9. Children's Attitudes toward Death.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pope, A. J.

    1979-01-01

    Children's attitudes and beliefs about death and dying are examined, and some recommendations are made to parents, teachers, and administrators to establish a base from which the child can operate during encounters with death and dying. (JMF)

  10. Deaths from Complications of Unsafe Abortion: Misclassified Second Trimester Deaths

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dilys Walker; Lourdes Campero; Henry Espinoza; Bernardo Hernández; Luis Anaya; Sofia Reynoso; Ana Langer

    2004-01-01

    This study measured the contribution of abortion-related deaths to overall maternal mortality and calculated the underestimation of maternal mortality using verbal autopsy and clinical record review where available. We reviewed 807 death certificates of women aged 12–50 who died in 2001 in two sites of about 1.5 million inhabitants each in the state of Morelos (primarily rural) and the municipality

  11. Performance-based regulation: enterprise responsibility for reducing death, injury, and disease caused by consumer products.

    PubMed

    Sugarman, Stephen D

    2009-12-01

    This article offers a bold new idea for confronting the staggering level of death, injury, and disease caused by five consumer products: cigarettes, alcohol, guns, junk food, and motor vehicles. Business leaders try to frame these negative outcomes as "collateral damage" that is someone else's problem. That framing not only is morally objectionable but also overlooks the possibility that, with proper prodding, industry could substantially lessen these public health disasters. I seek to reframe the public perception of who is responsible and propose to deploy a promising approach called "performance-based regulation" to combat the problem. Performance-based regulation would impose on manufacturers a legal obligation to reduce the negative social costs of their products. Rather than involving them in litigation or forcing them to operate differently (as "command-and-control" regimes do), performance-based regulation allows the firms to determine how best to decrease bad public health consequences. Like other public health strategies, performance-based regulation focuses on those who are far more likely than individual consumers to achieve real gains. Analogous to a tax on causing harm that exceeds a threshold level, performance-based regulation seeks to harness private initiative in pursuit of the public good. PMID:20018990

  12. Deaths: Preliminary Data for 2001

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elizabeth Arias; Betty L. Smith

    2003-01-01

    Objectives—This report presents preliminary data on deaths for the year 2001 in the United States. U.S. data on deaths are shown by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. Death rates for 2001 are based on population estimates consistent with the April 1, 2000, census. Data on life expectancy, leading causes of death, infant mortality, and deaths resulting from September 11,

  13. Population-based studies of antithyroid drugs and sudden cardiac death

    PubMed Central

    van Noord, Charlotte; Sturkenboom, Miriam C J M; Straus, Sabine M J M; Hofman, Albert; Witteman, Jacqueline C M; Stricker, Bruno H Ch

    2009-01-01

    AIM Thyroid free T4 is associated with QTc-interval prolongation, which is a risk factor for sudden cardiac death (SCD). Hyperthyroidism has been associated with SCD in case reports, but there are no population-based studies confirming this. The aim was to investigate whether use of antithyroid drugs (as a direct cause or as an indicator of poorly controlled hyperthyroidism) is associated with an increased risk of SCD. METHODS We studied the occurrence of SCD in a two-step procedure in two different Dutch populations. First, the prospective population-based Rotterdam Study including 7898 participants (?55 years old). Second, we used the Integrated Primary Care Information (IPCI) database, which is a longitudinal general practice research database to see whether we could replicate results from the first study. Drug use at the index date was assessed with prescription information from automated pharmacies (Rotterdam Study) or drug prescriptions from general practices (IPCI). We used a Cox proportional hazards model in a cohort analysis, adjusted for age, gender and use of QTc prolonging drugs (Rotterdam Study) and conditional logistic regression analysis in a case–control analysis, matched for age, gender, practice and calendar time and adjusted for arrhythmia and cerebrovascular ischaemia (IPCI). RESULTS In the Rotterdam Study, 375 participants developed SCD during follow-up. Current use of antithyroid drugs was associated with SCD [adjusted hazard ratio 3.9; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.7, 8.7]. IPCI included 1424 cases with SCD and 14 443 controls. Also in IPCI, current use of antithyroid drugs was associated with SCD (adjusted odds ratio 2.9; 95% CI 1.1, 7.4). CONCLUSIONS Use of antithyroid drugs was associated with a threefold increased risk of SCD. Although this might be directly caused by antithyroid drug use, it might be more readily explained by underlying poorly controlled hyperthyroidism, since treated patients who developed SCD still had low thyroid-stimulating hormone levels shortly before death. PMID:19740403

  14. ORACLE CERTIFICATION Oracle Database Administration

    E-print Network

    Loudon, Catherine

    ORACLE CERTIFICATION Oracle Database Administration Certificate Program Train with the best. Get your Oracle Database Administration education from the number-one provider* of Oracle training-on, lab-based understanding of Oracle, the world's leading database platform, and long the product

  15. Online Information Technologies Certificate Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yukselturk, Erman

    2005-01-01

    In this study, Information Technologies Certificate Program which is based on synchronous and asynchronous communication methods over the Internet offered by cooperation of Middle East Technical University, Computer Engineering Department and Continuing Education Center were examined. This online certificate program started in May 1998 and it is…

  16. RBAC on the Web by smart certificates

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joon S. Park; Ravi S. Sandhu

    1999-01-01

    We have described in another paper how to develop and use smart certificates by extending X.509 with several sophisticated features for secure attribute services on the Web. In this paper, we describe an implementa- tion of RBAC (Role-Based Access Control) with role hierarchies on the Web as one possible application of smart certificates. To support RBAC, we issued smart certificates

  17. Co-trimoxazole and sudden death in patients receiving inhibitors of renin-angiotensin system: population based study

    PubMed Central

    Fralick, Michael; Macdonald, Erin M; Gomes, Tara; Antoniou, Tony; Hollands, Simon; Mamdani, Muhammad M

    2014-01-01

    Objective To determine whether the prescription of co-trimoxazole with an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker is associated with sudden death. Design Population based nested case-control study. Setting Ontario, Canada, from 1 April 1994 to 1 January 2012. Participants Ontario residents aged 66 years or older treated with an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker. Cases were those who died suddenly shortly after receiving an outpatient prescription for one of co-trimoxazole, amoxicillin, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, or nitrofurantoin. Each case was matched with up to four controls on age, sex, chronic kidney disease, and diabetes. Main outcome measure Odds ratio for the association between sudden death and exposure to each antibiotic relative to amoxicillin, after adjustment for predictors of sudden death according to a disease risk index. Results Of 39?879 sudden deaths, 1027 occurred within seven days of exposure to an antibiotic and were matched to 3733 controls. Relative to amoxicillin, co-trimoxazole was associated with an increased risk of sudden death (adjusted odds ratio 1.38, 95% confidence interval 1.09 to 1.76). The risk was marginally higher at 14 days (adjusted odds ratio 1.54, 1.29 to 1.84). This corresponds to approximately three sudden deaths within 14 days per 1000 co-trimoxazole prescriptions. Ciprofloxacin (a known cause of QT interval prolongation) was also associated with an increased risk of sudden death (adjusted odds ratio 1.29, 1.03 to 1.62), but no such risk was observed with nitrofurantoin or norfloxacin. Conclusions In older patients receiving angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers, co-trimoxazole is associated with an increased risk of sudden death. Unrecognized severe hyperkalemia may underlie this finding. When appropriate, alternative antibiotics should be considered in such patients. PMID:25359996

  18. Effect of medium/?-6 long chain triglyceride-based emulsion on leucocyte death and inflammatory gene expression

    PubMed Central

    Cury-Boaventura, M F; Gorjão, R; Martins de Lima, T; Fiamoncini, J; Godoy, A B P; Deschamphs, F C; Soriano, F G; Curi, R

    2011-01-01

    Lipid emulsion (LE) containing medium/?-6 long chain triglyceride-based emulsion (MCT/?-6 LCT LE) has been recommended in the place of ?-6 LCT-based emulsion to prevent impairment of immune function. The impact of MCT/?-6 LCT LE on lymphocyte and neutrophil death and expression of genes related to inflammation was investigated. Seven volunteers were recruited and infusion of MCT/?-6 LCT LE was performed for 6 h. Four volunteers received saline and no change was found. Blood samples were collected before, immediately afterwards and 18 h after LE infusion. Lymphocytes and neutrophils were studied immediately after isolation and after 24 and 48 h in culture. The following determinations were carried out: plasma-free fatty acids, triacylglycerol and cholesterol concentrations, plasma fatty acid composition, neutral lipid accumulation in lymphocytes and neutrophils, signs of lymphocyte and neutrophil death and lymphocyte expression of genes related to inflammation. MCT/?-6 LCT LE induced lymphocyte and neutrophil death. The mechanism for MCT/?-6 LCT LE-dependent induction of leucocyte death may involve changes in neutral lipid content and modulation of expression of genes related to cell death, proteolysis, cell signalling, inflammatory response, oxidative stress and transcription. PMID:21682721

  19. Certificate Production and the Race toward Higher Degree Attainment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Higher Education Executive Officers, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Complete College America and FutureWorks conducted an analysis of certificate production, the value of the certificate program, and the economic benefit it provides to the region and nation. The conclusion, based on labor market demand and both personal and economic returns, is that certificates count and the policy and trends around certificates

  20. A district-based audit of the causes and circumstances of maternal deaths in South Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gunawan Supratikto; Meg E. Wirth; Endang Achadi; Surekha Cohen; Carine Ronsmans

    2002-01-01

    A district-based audit of maternal and perinatal mortality began during 1994 in three provinces of South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Both medical and non-medical factors were documented and an effort was made to progress from merely assessing substandard care to recommending improvements in access to care and the quality of care. Extensive discussions of cases of maternal death were held during regular

  1. United States immigration regulations require that certification of admission be based upon both academic acceptance and satisfactory evidence of adequate funds

    E-print Network

    Wagner, Diane

    United States immigration regulations require that certification of admission be based upon both that will be incurred during the student's proposed period of study in the United States. Documents must be supplied as they will be necessary to apply for your VISA and to enter the United States. To complete the Financial Statement Form

  2. UI's Employment Based/Labor Certification PR Steps Begin process within 12 months of offer of position to file in timely manner

    E-print Network

    O'Laughlin, Jay

    Journal or Chronicle of Higher Education. If no print ad the position must be re-advertised to testUI's Employment Based/Labor Certification PR Steps Begin process within 12 months of offer attorney - which may have a bearing on the attorney hired Work with IPO Liaison · IPO Liaisons

  3. Rotavirus mortality in India: estimates based on a nationally representative survey of diarrhoeal deaths

    PubMed Central

    Awasthi, Shally; Khera, Ajay; Bassani, Diego G; Kang, Gagandeep; Parashar, Umesh D; Kumar, Rajesh; Shet, Anita; Glass, Roger I; Jha, Prabhat

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Objective To estimate the number of rotavirus-associated deaths among Indian children younger than five years. Methods We surveyed more than 23?000 child deaths from a nationally representative survey of 1.1 million Indian households during 2001–2003. Diarrhoeal deaths were characterized by region, age and sex and were combined with the proportion of deaths attributable to rotavirus, as determined by hospital microbiologic data collected by the Indian Rotavirus Strain Surveillance Network from December 2005 to November 2007. Rotavirus vaccine efficacy data from clinical trials in developing countries were used to estimate the number of deaths preventable by a national vaccination programme. Data were analysed using Stata SE version 10. Findings Rotavirus caused an estimated 113?000 deaths (99% confidence interval, CI: 86?000–155?000); 50% (54?700) and 75% (85?400) occurred before one and two years of age, respectively. One child in 242 died from rotavirus infection before five years of age. Rotavirus-associated mortality rates overall, among girls and among boys were 4.14 (99% CI: 3.14–5.68), 4.89 (99% CI: 3.75–6.79) and 3.45 (99% CI: 2.58–4.66) deaths per 1000 live births, respectively. Rates were highest in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, which together accounted for >?50% of deaths (64?400) nationally. Rotavirus vaccine could prevent 41?000–48?000 deaths among children aged 3–59 months. Conclusion The burden of rotavirus-associated mortality is high among Indian children, highlighting the potential benefits of rotavirus vaccination. PMID:23109739

  4. Maternal Risk Factors for Potential Maltreatment Deaths Among Healthy Singleton and Twin Infants

    PubMed Central

    Luke, Barbara; Brown, Morton B.

    2013-01-01

    Our aim was to evaluate the risk of death among healthy infants due to maltreatment, using national linked vital statistics data. The study population included all nonanomalous, full-term (? 37 weeks), non-low birthweight (> 2500 grams) infants born between 1995 and 2000 and their linked death certificates: 18,673,439 singleton pregnancies (36,864 deaths) and 77,800 twin pregnancies (356 pregnancies with a death). The underlying cause of death was characterized as due to maltreatment, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and other causes, based on ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes, and modeled by maternal age using multinomial logistic regression; mothers aged 25 to 29 were the reference group. The highest risk for infant mortality was among the youngest mothers for maltreatment (AOR 2.45 and 1.95 for singleton mothers < 20 and aged 20 to 24, respectively; AOR 4.34 and 2.25 for twin mothers < 20 and aged 20 to 24, respectively). The risk of death overall and for each category was modeled by maternal age < 20, aged 20 to 24, and ? 25, with and without the father’s age present on the birth certificate, with mothers ? 25 and father’s age present as the reference group. All risks of death were significantly increased for mothers younger than age 25, with the highest risks among the youngest mothers and missing father’s age. The pattern for twins was similar, with elevated risks among younger mothers with or without father’s age present on the birth certificate. These results add to the body of knowledge regarding risk factors for infant mortality among healthy singletons and twins. PMID:17903121

  5. Akkreditierungsbescheid Certificate of Accreditation

    E-print Network

    Kallenrode, May-Britt

    Akkreditierungsbescheid Certificate of Accreditation The Central Evaluation and Accreditation Agency Hanover (ZEvA) hag accredited the tollowing university programmes and degrees, as applied tor.Sc.). The accreditation is based on the decision of the Standing Accreditation Commission of January 15th,2003

  6. Emergency referral transport for maternal complication: lessons from the community based maternal death audits in Unnao district, Uttar Pradesh, India

    PubMed Central

    Raj, Sunil Saksena; Manthri, Suneedh; Sahoo, Pratap Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Background: An effective emergency referral transport system is the link between the home of the pregnant woman and a health facility providing basic or comprehensive emergency obstetric care. This study attempts to explore the role of emergency transport associated with maternal deaths in Unnao district, Uttar Pradesh (UP). Methods: A descriptive study was carried out to assess the causes of and factors leading to maternal deaths in Unnao district, UP, through community based Maternal Death Review (MDR) using verbal autopsy, in a sample of 57 maternal deaths conducted between June 1, 2009, and May 31, 2010. A facility review was also conducted in 15 of the 16 block level and district health facilities to collect information on preparedness of the facilities for treating obstetric complications including referral transportation. A descriptive analysis was carried out using ratios and percentages to analyze the availability of basic facilities which may lead to maternal deaths. Results: It was found that there were only 10 ambulances available at 15 facilities against 19 required as per Indian Public Health Standards (IPHS). About 47% of the deaths took place in a facility, 30% enroute to a health facility and 23% at home. Twenty five percent of women were taken to one facility, 32% were taken to two facilities, and 25% were taken to three facilities while 19% were not taken to any facility before their death. Sixteen percent of the pregnant women could not arrange transportation to reach any facility. The mean time to make arrangements for travel from home to facility-1 and facility-2 to facility-3 was 3.1 hours; whereas from facility-1 to facility-2 was 9.9 hours. The mean travel time from home to facility-1 was 1 hour, from facility-1 to facility-2 was 1.4 hours and facility-2 to facility-3 was 1.6 hours. Conclusion: The public health facility review and MDR, clearly indicates that the inter-facility transfers appropriateness and timeliness of referral are major contributing factor for maternal deaths in Unnao district, UP. The UP Government, besides strengthening Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (EmONC) and Basic Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (BEmONC) services in the district and state as a whole, also needs to focus on developing a functional and effective referral system on a priority basis to reduce the maternal deaths in Unnao district. PMID:25674573

  7. Killing by organ procurement: brain-based death and legal fictions.

    PubMed

    Veatch, Robert M

    2015-06-01

    The dead donor rule (DDR) governs procuring life-prolonging organs. They should be taken only from deceased donors. Miller and Truog have proposed abandoning the rule when patients have decided to forgo life-sustaining treatment and have consented to procurement. Organs could then be procured from living patients, thus killing them by organ procurement. This proposal warrants careful examination. They convincingly argue that current brain or circulatory death pronouncement misidentifies the biologically dead. After arguing convincingly that physicians already cause death by withdrawing treatment, they claim no bright-line differences preclude organ removal from the living. The argument fails for those who accept the double effect doctrine or other grounds for distinguishing forgoing life support from active, intentional killing. If the goal is determining irreversible loss of somatic function, they correctly label current death pronouncement a "legal fiction." Recognizing a second, public policy meaning of the term death provides grounds for maintaining the DDR without jeopardizing procurement. PMID:25889264

  8. Community Based Maternal Death Review: Lessons Learned from Ten Districts in Andhra Pradesh, India.

    PubMed

    Singh, Samiksha; Murthy, Gudlavalleti V S; Thippaiah, Anitha; Upadhyaya, Sanjeev; Krishna, Murali; Shukla, Rajan; Srikrishna, S R

    2015-07-01

    Maternal death is as much a social phenomenon as a medical event. Maternal death review (MDR), a strategy for monitoring maternal deaths, provides information on medical, social and health system factors that should be addressed to redress gaps in service provision or utilisation. To strengthen MDR implementation in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. The project involved development of state specific guidelines, technical assistance in operationalization and analysing processes and findings of MDR in ten districts. 284 deaths were recorded over 6 months (April-September 2012) of which 193 (75.4 %) could be reviewed. Post-partum haemorrhage (24 %) and hypertensive disorders (27.4 %) followed by puerperal sepsis in the post-partum period (16.8 %) were the leading causes of maternal deaths. 68.3 % deaths occurred at health facilities. 67 % of mothers dying during the natal or post-natal period, delivered at home, though the death occurred in a health facility. Type 1 delay (58.9 %) was the most common underlying cause of death, followed by type 3 delay (33.3 %). Under or nil reporting from the facilities was observed. Program staff could identify broad areas of intervention but lacked capacity to monitor, analyse, interpret and utilize the generated information to develop feasible actionable plans. Information gathered was incomplete and inaccurate in many cases. Challenges observed showed that it will require more time and continuous committed efforts of health staff for implementation of high quality MDR. Successful implementation will improve the response of the health system and contribute to improved maternal health. PMID:25636651

  9. A toxicology-based review of fentanyl-related deaths in New Mexico (1986-2007).

    PubMed

    Krinsky, Clarissa S; Lathrop, Sarah L; Crossey, Michael; Baker, Ginger; Zumwalt, Ross

    2011-12-01

    Since its approval in the United States, fentanyl has become increasingly popular for the medical management of pain and as a substance of abuse. Fentanyl is unique among the opioids in its widespread use with a transdermal delivery system, which contributes to its unique pharmacokinetics and abuse potential. We examined the demographics of deaths with fentanyl identified on toxicologic analysis and reviewed specific challenges in the laboratory detection of postmortem fentanyl levels. The New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator database was searched for all cases from January 1986 through December 2007 with fentanyl reported as present or quantified. Those deaths with a cause of death identified as drug overdose were then analyzed separately. From 1986 to 2007, 154 cases were identified with fentanyl present in postmortem samples, with 96 of the cases identified as fentanyl-related drug overdoses. The number of fentanyl-related deaths has increased over the past 20 years, corresponding to both statewide increases in the medical use of fentanyl and the abuse of prescription opioids. The demographics of these fentanyl-related overdoses showed that subjects were more likely to be female, white non-Hispanic, and older than those in previously described overdose deaths. Several cases were identified with central and peripheral blood samples and antemortem and postmortem samples available for fentanyl quantification. Given the uncharacteristic demographics of fentanyl-related deaths and the complexity of the laboratory analysis of fentanyl, forensic scientists must use caution in both the detection and interpretation of fentanyl concentrations. PMID:21986276

  10. Intervention of cardiomyocyte death based on real-time monitoring of cell adhesion through impedance sensing.

    PubMed

    Qiu, Yiling; Liao, Ronglih; Zhang, Xin

    2009-09-15

    Cardiomyocyte death caused by proinflammatory cytokines, such as Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), is one of the hot topics in cardiovascular research. TNF-alpha can induce multiple cell processes that are dependent on the treatment time although the long-term treatment definitely leads to cell death. The ability to intervene in cell death will be invaluable to reveal the effects of short-term TNF-alpha treatment to cardiomyocytes. However, a real-time monitoring technique is needed to guide the intervention of cell responses. In this work, we employed the impedance-sensing technique to real-time monitor the equivalent cell-substrate distance of cardiomyocytes via electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and electrical cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS). In the stabilized cardiomyocyte culture, the sustained TNF-alpha treatment caused strengthened cell adhesion in the first 2 h which was followed by the transition to cell detachment afterwards. Considering cell detachment was an early morphological evidence of cell death, we removed TNF-alpha from the cardiomyocyte culture before the transition to achieve the intervention of cell responses. The result of this intervention showed that cell adhesion was continuously strengthened before and after the removal of TNF-alpha, indicating the short-term treated cardiomyocytes did not undergo death processes. It was also demonstrated in TUNEL and TBE tests that the percentages of apoptosis and cell death were both lowered. PMID:19615884

  11. Age-at-death estimation based on radiological and image analysis methods in clavicle in a current Spanish population.

    PubMed

    Benito, María; Sánchez, José Antonio; Codinha, Sónia

    2014-05-01

    Age-at-death estimation in adult individuals is one of the most challenging issues in forensic anthropology, namely, due to the large age intervals provided by the current methods, which demand the development of more reliable investigations. The clavicle has been studied as an age-at-death indicator in many researches for its accessibility, low biomechanical implication in locomotion and accuracy to predict age at death when other age indicators are not available. The present study was developed on a sample of 332 clavicles from adult individuals of known sex and age from the current Spanish population. They were x-rayed and digitalized, in a standardized way, using a Sedecal X-ray generator, model SHF 415. Three indices were calculated at the mid-diaphysis point (anterior index, posterior index, and total index) which relate the cortical thickness and the total clavicle thickness to age at death. The average grey level was also calculated in a 0.5-cm(2) area of the sternal and acromial ends (sternal grey average, acromial grey average), using Image J software. The data were subjected to a statistical analysis, using SPSS, version 15.0. The results show that average grey level has a weaker correlation with age than the variables which are based on the cortical thickness. On the other hand, the regression equations, which were calculated combining all the variables, provided smaller age-at-death intervals, demonstrating the usefulness of this method for adult age-at-death estimation in forensic anthropology. PMID:24664396

  12. Cardiovascular Deaths among Alaskan Natives, 1980-86.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Middaugh, John P.

    1990-01-01

    Analyzes death certificate data to discover the number of deaths of Alaskan natives caused by cardiovascular disease. Rates from cardiovascular diseases and atherosclerosis from 1980-86 among Alaskan natives were lower than rates among other Alaskans, while death rates from other causes were higher. Discusses the possible impact of diet. (JS)

  13. [Pathophysiochemistry of acute death: an approach to evidence-based assessment in forensic pathology].

    PubMed

    Maeda, Hitoshi

    2004-09-01

    The essential social and academic task of legal medicine is to devote itself to a multidisciplinary approach to problems at the interface of medicine and law. It includes forensic medical activity, in which one of the social concerns is to investigate the fatal mechanisms, survival time and physical activity, especially in traumatic and unexpected sudden death, by means of forensic pathological procedures. To meet the social requirements through reliable interpretation of those issues, systematic practical investigations are necessary, establishing the evidence-based assessment in forensic pathology. For that purpose, an approach based on the pathophysiochemistry of fatal mechanisms may be useful to aid or support pathomorphological observations. Essential markers in forensic pathophysiochemistry are the indicators of systemic responses involving acute phase reaction to traumas, i.e., circulatory, respiratory and central nervous system (CNS) functions. A comprehensive study based on previous investigations is necessary to establish practical markers and to promote their use in routine forensic casework. In the present paper, reviewing the literature, our data in routine casework are summarized. Routine forensic casework at our institute includes biochemistry on automated analyzer systems, immunohistochemistry using commercial kits and molecular biology by means of RT-PCR: 1) blood and urine biochemistry in general, 2) oxymetry, 3) serum and pericardial myocardial markers (creatine kinase MB, troponin I and T), 4) serum pulmonary surfactants (SP-A and -D), 5) other serum markers including C-reactive protein, neopterin, catecholamines, cortisol, erythropoietin and S-100 protein, 6) pericardial natriuretic peptides, 7) urinary myoglobin, 8) immunohistochemistry of a pulmonary surfactant (SP-A) in the lungs, ubiquitin, S-100 protein and ssDNA in the brain, and 9) RT-PCR for a pulmonary surfactant (SP-A) in the lungs, ischemia- and hypoxia-related factors (hypoxia-inducible factor 1A, vascular endothelial growth factor and erythropoietin) in the brain, heart and kidneys. Further accumulation of practical data may be essentially important to establish evidence for medico-legal assessment in individual cases and to renew forensic pathology in response to potential social requirements. PMID:15526766

  14. The Global Burden of Snakebite: A Literature Analysis and Modelling Based on Regional Estimates of Envenoming and Deaths

    PubMed Central

    Kasturiratne, Anuradhani; Wickremasinghe, A. Rajitha; de Silva, Nilanthi; Gunawardena, N. Kithsiri; Pathmeswaran, Arunasalam; Premaratna, Ranjan; Savioli, Lorenzo; Lalloo, David G; de Silva, H. Janaka

    2008-01-01

    Background Envenoming resulting from snakebites is an important public health problem in many tropical and subtropical countries. Few attempts have been made to quantify the burden, and recent estimates all suffer from the lack of an objective and reproducible methodology. In an attempt to provide an accurate, up-to-date estimate of the scale of the global problem, we developed a new method to estimate the disease burden due to snakebites. Methods and Findings The global estimates were based on regional estimates that were, in turn, derived from data available for countries within a defined region. Three main strategies were used to obtain primary data: electronic searching for publications on snakebite, extraction of relevant country-specific mortality data from databases maintained by United Nations organizations, and identification of grey literature by discussion with key informants. Countries were grouped into 21 distinct geographic regions that are as epidemiologically homogenous as possible, in line with the Global Burden of Disease 2005 study (Global Burden Project of the World Bank). Incidence rates for envenoming were extracted from publications and used to estimate the number of envenomings for individual countries; if no data were available for a particular country, the lowest incidence rate within a neighbouring country was used. Where death registration data were reliable, reported deaths from snakebite were used; in other countries, deaths were estimated on the basis of observed mortality rates and the at-risk population. We estimate that, globally, at least 421,000 envenomings and 20,000 deaths occur each year due to snakebite. These figures may be as high as 1,841,000 envenomings and 94,000 deaths. Based on the fact that envenoming occurs in about one in every four snakebites, between 1.2 million and 5.5 million snakebites could occur annually. Conclusions Snakebites cause considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide. The highest burden exists in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. PMID:18986210

  15. Association of caesarean section and neonatal death: a population-based case-control study in Islamic Republic of Iran.

    PubMed

    Ghaedmohammadi, Z; Anaraki, A; Khajeian, A; Khajehian, M; Ostovar, A

    2015-04-01

    The high caesarean section rate in the Islamic Republic of Iran could be a risk for adverse neonatal outcomes. This population-based, case-control study investigated the association of caesarean section and neonatal death. A total of 146 mothers whose babies had died during 28 days after birth were compared with 549 mothers with live newborns, according to delivery route and reasons for undergoing caesarean section. The crude odds ratio (OR) for the association of caesarean section and neonatal death was 1.97 (1.35-2.87). The adjusted OR was 2.19 (1.48-3.24) controlled for mother's education, parity and age. Adjusted ORs for elective caesarean, previous caesarean and emergency caesarean were 0.65 (0.26-1.62), 2.77 (1.64-4.66) and 2.51 (1.56-4.03) respectively. The ORs for caesarean delivery and neonatal death varied by mother's education, parity and age. The association of caesarean section with neonatal death is complex and is modified by other influencing factors. PMID:26077521

  16. Strengthening Certification Guidelines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Libbee

    1995-01-01

    The teacher certification process is complex, confusing, and important. After explaining the fundamentals of certification, this article suggests pragmatic strategies geographers can use to influence state certification procedures and requirements. The most effective way to change certification guidelines in order to require more geography for preservice teachers may be to change the problems certification guidelines are intended to solve. However,

  17. NONALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DISEASE INCREASES RISK OF DEATH AMONG PATIENTS WITH DIABETES: A COMMUNITY-BASED COHORT STUDY

    PubMed Central

    Adams, Leon A.; Harmsen, Scott; St.Sauver, Jennifer L.; Charatcharoenwitthaya, Phunchai; Enders, Felicity B.; Therneau, Terry; Angulo, Paul

    2010-01-01

    Introduction The significance of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among patients with diabetes is unknown. We sought to determine whether a diagnosis of NAFLD influenced mortality among a community-based cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods 337 residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota with diabetes mellitus diagnosed between 1980–2000 were identified using the Rochester Epidemiology Project and the Mayo Laboratory Information System and followed for 10.9 ± 5.2 years (range 0.1–25). Survival was analysed using Cox proportional hazards modelling with NAFLD treated as a time-dependent covariate. Results Among the 337 residents, 116 were diagnosed with NAFLD 0.9 ±4.6 years after diabetes diagnosis. Patients with NAFLD were younger, and more likely to be female, and obese. Overall 99/337 (29%) patients died. In multivariate analysis to adjust for confounders, overall mortality was significantly associated with a diagnosis of NAFLD (hazard ratio [HR] 2.2; 95% confidence Interval [CI] 1.1, 4.2; p = 0.03), presence of ischemic heart disease (HR 2.3; 95% CI 1.2, 4.4), and duration of diabetes (HR per 1 year, 1.1; 95% CI 1.03, 1.2). The most common causes of death in the NAFLD cohort were malignancy (33% of deaths), liver-related complications (19% of deaths), and ischemic heart disease (19% of deaths). In adjusted multivariate models, NAFLD was borderline associated with an increased risk of dying from malignancy (HR 2.3; 95% CI 0.9, 5.9; p = 0.09), and not from cardiovascular disease (HR 0.9; 95% CI 0.3, 2.4; p = 0.81) Conclusions The diagnosis of NAFLD is associated with an increased risk of overall death among patients with diabetes mellitus. PMID:20145609

  18. Cot Deaths.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyrrell, Shelagh

    1985-01-01

    Addresses the tragedy of crib deaths, giving particular attention to causes, prevention, and medical research on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Gives anecdotal accounts of coping strategies used by parents and families of SIDS infants. (DT)

  19. Neonatal Death

    MedlinePLUS

    ... page It's been added to your dashboard . Neonatal death When a baby dies in the first 28 ... What are the most common causes of neonatal death? Premature birth (before 37 weeks of pregnancy) is ...

  20. Contract Management Certificate Program

    E-print Network

    Rose, Michael R.

    Contract Management Certificate Program Accelerate Your Career BusinessandManagement extension bearing the UC seal signifies a well- known, uncompromising standard of academic excellence. #12;Contract Management Certificate Program UC Irvine Extension's Contract Management Certificate Program focuses on core

  1. Cesarean delivery and postpartum mortality among primiparas in Washington State, 1987–1996 1 1 We acknowledge the data linkage programming support of William O’Brien. We are grateful to George J. Gilson, MD, University of New Mexico, and Susan E. Gerber, MD, MPH, Northwestern University Medical School for assistance with classification of maternal deaths

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mona Lydon-Rochelle; Victoria L Holt; Thomas R Easterling; Diane P Martin

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To examine the association between delivery method and mortality within 6 months of delivery among primiparas.Methods: We conducted a population-based, retrospective cohort analysis using statewide, maternally linked birth certificate, hospital discharge, and death certificate data. The present cohort was all primiparas who gave birth to live-born infants in civilian hospitals in Washington State from January 1, 1987 through December

  2. 20 CFR 655.32 - Labor certification determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...or both, based upon information the CO receives in the course of processing the temporary labor certification application, an RFI, or otherwise. If a partial labor certification is issued, the Final Determination letter will: (1) State the...

  3. 40 CFR 94.912 - Optional certification to land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. 94.912 Section 94.912 Protection...EMISSIONS FROM MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Exclusion and Exemption Provisions...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. This section applies to...

  4. 40 CFR 94.912 - Optional certification to land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. 94.912 Section 94.912 Protection...EMISSIONS FROM MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Exclusion and Exemption Provisions...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. This section applies to...

  5. 40 CFR 94.912 - Optional certification to land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. 94.912 Section 94.912 Protection...EMISSIONS FROM MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Exclusion and Exemption Provisions...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. This section applies to...

  6. 40 CFR 94.912 - Optional certification to land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. 94.912 Section 94.912 Protection...EMISSIONS FROM MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Exclusion and Exemption Provisions...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. This section applies to...

  7. Epilepsy mortality and risk factors for death in epilepsy: a population-based study

    PubMed Central

    Ridsdale, Leone; Charlton, Judith; Ashworth, Mark; Richardson, Mark P; Gulliford, Martin C

    2011-01-01

    Background Epilepsy is an important cause of amenable mortality but risk factors for death in epilepsy are not well understood. Aim To evaluate trends in epilepsy mortality in a large population and identify risk factors for death in epilepsy. Design and setting Nested case–control study in the UK, using data from the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) from 1993 to 2007. Method Participants were included if they had ever been diagnosed with epilepsy and prescribed anticonvulsant drugs. Trends in all-cause mortality in persons with epilepsy in the GPRD were compared with death registrations with epilepsy as the underlying cause. A nested case–control study was implemented to compare participants with epilepsy who died with those who did not die. Results The prevalence of epilepsy increased from 9 per 1000 in 1993 to 12 per 1000 in 2007, and epilepsy deaths also increased in this period. In a nested case–control study, mortality was associated with: recorded alcohol problems (odds ratio [OR] 2.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.25 to 3.89, P<0.001); having collected the last anticonvulsant prescription 90–182 days previously (OR 1.83, CI = 1.66 to 2.03, P<0.001); having an injury in the previous year (OR 1.41, 95% CI = 1.30 to 1.53, P<0.001), and having been treated for depression (OR 1.39, 95% CI = 1.28 to 1.50, P<0.001). In data available from 2004 onwards, being recorded seizure free in the previous 12 months was associated with lower mortality (OR 0.78, 95% CI = 0.71 to 0.86, P<0.001). Conclusion Mortality with epilepsy appears to be increasing. Patients who have alcohol problems, do not collect repeat prescriptions for anticonvulsant drugs, have recent injuries, or have been treated for depression may be at increased risk of death; patients who remain seizure free over 12 months are at a lower risk. PMID:21619751

  8. Fast and secure handover of intra-ASN IEEE802.16 network by proposed certificate based pre-authentication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sridevi, B.; Supriya, T. S.; Rajaram, S.

    2013-01-01

    The current generation of wireless networks has been designed predominantly to support voice and more recently data traffic. WiMAX is currently one of the hottest technologies in wireless. The main motive of the mobile technologies is to provide seamless cost effective mobility. But this is affected by Authentication cost and handover delay since on each handoff the Mobile Station (MS) has to undergo all steps of authentication. Pre-Authentication is used to reduce the handover delay and increase the speed of the Intra-ASN Handover. Proposed Pre-Authentication method is intended to reduce the authentication delay by getting pre authenticated by central authority called Pre Authentication Authority (PAA). MS requests PAA for Pre Authentication Certificate (PAC) before performing handoff. PAA verifies the identity of MS and provides PAC to MS and also to the neighboring target Base Stations (tBSs). MS having time bound PAC can skip the authentication process when recognized by target BS during handoff. It also prevents the DOS (Denial Of Service) attack and Replay attack. It has no wastage of unnecessary key exchange of the resources. The proposed work is simulated by NS2 model and by MATLAB.

  9. 47 CFR 64.606 - Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program...Persons With Disabilities § 64.606 Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program...notification in the Federal Register . (2) Internet-based TRS provider. Any entity...

  10. 47 CFR 64.606 - Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program...Persons With Disabilities § 64.606 Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program...notification in the Federal Register . (2) Internet-based TRS provider . Any entity...

  11. 47 CFR 64.606 - Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Commission receives evidence that a state...of Internet-based TRS Provider...Commission receives evidence that a certified Internet-based TRS provider...policies and practices that the provider...be prima facie evidence of the plan's...provide Internet-based TRS without...

  12. 47 CFR 64.606 - Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Commission receives evidence that a state...of Internet-based TRS Provider...Commission receives evidence that a certified Internet-based TRS provider...policies and practices that the provider...be prima facie evidence of the plan's...provide Internet-based TRS without...

  13. Excess Deaths Associated With Tigecycline After Approval Based on Noninferiority Trials

    PubMed Central

    Prasad, Paritosh; Sun, Junfeng; Danner, Robert L.; Natanson, Charles

    2012-01-01

    Background.?On the basis of noninferiority trials, tigecycline received Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval in 2005. In 2010, the FDA warned in a safety communication that tigecycline was associated with an increased risk of death. Methods.?PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched using the terms “tigecycline” and “randomized controlled trial (RCT)” through April 2011. Excess deaths and noncure rates for both approved and nonapproved indications were examined using meta-analysis. Results.?Ten published and 3 unpublished studies met inclusion criteria (N = 7434). No significant heterogeneity was seen for mortality (I2 = 0%; P = .99) or noncure rates (I2 = 25%; P = .19). Across randomized controlled trials, tigecycline was associated with increased mortality (risk difference [RD], 0.7%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.1%–1.2%; P = .01) and noncure rates (RD, 2.9%; 95% CI, 0.6%–5.2%; P = .01). Effects were not isolated to type of infection or comparator antibiotic regimen, and the impact on survival remained significant when limited to trials of approved indications (I2 = 0%; RD, 0.6%; P = .04). A pooled analysis of the 5 trials completed by early 2005 before tigecycline was approved would have demonstrated a similar harmful effect of tigecycline on survival (I2 = 0%; RD, 0.7%; P = .06). Conclusions.?Pooling noninferiority studies to examine survival may help ensure the safety and efficacy of new antibiotics. The association of tigecycline with excess deaths and noncure includes indications for which it is approved and marketed. Tigecycline cannot be relied on in serious infections. PMID:22467668

  14. Network-based survival-associated module biomarker and its crosstalk with cell death genes in ovarian cancer

    PubMed Central

    Jin, Nana; Wu, Hao; Miao, Zhengqiang; Huang, Yan; Hu, Yongfei; Bi, Xiaoman; Wu, Deng; Qian, Kun; Wang, Liqiang; Wang, Changliang; Wang, Hongwei; Li, Kongning; Li, Xia; Wang, Dong

    2015-01-01

    Ovarian cancer remains a dismal disease with diagnosing in the late, metastatic stages, therefore, there is a growing realization of the critical need to develop effective biomarkers for understanding underlying mechanisms. Although existing evidences demonstrate the important role of the single genetic abnormality in pathogenesis, the perturbations of interactors in the complex network are often ignored. Moreover, ovarian cancer diagnosis and treatment still exist a large gap that need to be bridged. In this work, we adopted a network-based survival-associated approach to capture a 12-gene network module based on differential co-expression PPI network in the advanced-stage, high-grade ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma. Then, regulatory genes (protein-coding genes and non-coding genes) direct interacting with the module were found to be significantly overlapped with cell death genes. More importantly, these overlapping genes tightly clustered together pointing to the module, deciphering the crosstalk between network-based survival-associated module and cell death in ovarian cancer. PMID:26099452

  15. A Death in the Family: Death as a Zen Concept

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Helen K.; Rubinstein, Robert L.

    2013-01-01

    This study is based on original research that explored family reaction to the death of an elderly husband and father. We interviewed 34 families (a family included a widow and two adult biological children) approximately 6 to 10 months after the death. In one-on-one interviews, we discussed family members' initial reaction to the death, how the…

  16. Death Runthrough

    E-print Network

    Hacker, Randi

    2011-11-16

    Broadcast Transcript: At a certain age, we all begin to feel our mortality. Here in South Korea, they're doing something about it. Test runs for death. Well, they're not really practicing dying. They're practicing with death's accessories. That is...

  17. Eighth Amendment & Death Penalty.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shortall, Joseph M.; Merrill, Denise W.

    1987-01-01

    Presents a lesson on capital punishment for juveniles based on three hypothetical cases. The goal of the lesson is to have students understand the complexities of decisions regarding the death penalty for juveniles. (JDH)

  18. Secure Information Sharing Using Attribute Certificates and Role Based Access Control

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ganesh Godavari; C. Edward Chow

    2005-01-01

    ó In this paper, we explore the issues involved with the design and rapid deployment of large scale secure information sharing (SIS) systems for coordination involved with multiple agencies. Procedures and tools were developed for setting up quickly the public key infrastructure (PKI) and privilege man- agement infrastructure (PMI) for the multi-agency SIS systems. A multi-agency SIS testbed based on

  19. End-of-life medical decisions in France: a death certificate follow-up survey 5 years after the 2005 act of parliament on patients’ rights and end of life

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background The “Patients’ Rights and End of Life Care” Act came into force in France in 2005. It allows withholding/withdrawal of life-support treatment, and intensified use of medications that may hasten death through a double effect, as long as hastening death is not the purpose of the decision. It also specifies the requirements of the decision-making process. This study assesses the situation by examining the frequency of end-of-life decisions by patients’ and physicians’ characteristics, and describes the decision-making processes. Methods We conducted a nationwide retrospective study of a random sample of adult patients who died in December 2009. Questionnaires were mailed to the physicians who certified/attended these deaths. Cases were weighted to adjust for response rate bias. Bivariate analyses and logistic regressions were performed for each decision. Results Of all deaths, 16.9% were sudden deaths with no information about end of life, 12.2% followed a decision to do everything possible to prolong life, and 47.7% followed at least one medical decision that may certainly or probably hasten death: withholding (14.6%) or withdrawal (4.2%) of treatments, intensified use of opioids and/or benzodiazepines (28.1%), use of medications to deliberately hasten death (i.e. not legally authorized) (0.8%), at the patient’s request (0.2%) or not (0.6%). All other variables held constant, cause of death, patient's age, doctor’s age and specialty, and place of death, influenced the frequencies of decisions. When a decision was made, 20% of the persons concerned were considered to be competent. The decision was discussed with the patient if competent in 40% (everything done) to 86% (intensification of alleviation of symptoms) of cases. Legal requirements regarding decision-making for incompetent patients were frequently not complied with. Conclusions This study shows that end-of-life medical decisions are common in France. Most are in compliance with the 2005 law (similar to some other European countries). Nonetheless, the study revealed cases where not all legal obligations were met or where the decision was totally illegal. There is still a lot to be done through medical education and population awareness-raising to ensure that the decision-making process is compatible with current legislation, the physician's duty of care and the patient’s rights. PMID:23206428

  20. Characteristics of Opioid-Users Whose Death Was Related to Opioid-Toxicity: A Population-Based Study in Ontario, Canada

    PubMed Central

    Madadi, Parvaz; Hildebrandt, Doris; Lauwers, Albert E.; Koren, Gideon

    2013-01-01

    Background The impact of the prescription opioid public health crisis has been illustrated by the dramatic increase in opioid-related deaths in North America. We aimed to identify patterns and characteristics amongst opioid-users whose cause of death was related to opioid toxicity. Methods This was a population-based study of Ontarians between the years 2006 and 2008. All drug-related deaths which occurred during this time frame were reviewed at the Office of the Chief Coroner of Ontario, and opioid-related deaths were identified. Medical, toxicology, pathology, and police reports were comprehensively reviewed. Narratives, semi-quantitative, and quantitative variables were extracted, tabulated, and analyzed. Results Out of 2330 drug-related deaths in Ontario, 58% were attributed either in whole or in part, to opioids (n?=?1359). Oxycodone was involved in approximately one-third of all opioid-related deaths. At least 7% of the entire cohort used opioids that were prescribed for friends and/or family, 19% inappropriately self-administered opioids (injection, inhalation, chewed patch), 3% were recently released from jail, and 5% had been switched from one opioid to another near the time of death. Accidental deaths were significantly associated with personal history of substance abuse, enrollment in methadone maintenance programs, cirrhosis, hepatitis, and cocaine use. Suicides were significantly associated with mental illness, previous suicide attempts, chronic pain, and a history of cancer. Significance/Conclusion These results identify novel, susceptible groups of opioid-users whose cause of death was related to opioids in Ontario and provide the first evidence to assist in quantifying the contribution of opioid misuse and diversion amongst opioid-related mortality in Canada. Multifaceted prevention strategies need to be developed based on subpopulations of opioid users. PMID:23577131

  1. CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System: background and methodology

    PubMed Central

    Paulozzi, L; Mercy, J; Frazier, L; Annest, J

    2004-01-01

    Objectives: This paper describes a new surveillance system called the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS), initiated by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. NVDRS's mission is the collection of detailed, timely information on all violent deaths. Design: NVDRS is a population based, active surveillance system designed to obtain a complete census of all resident and occurrent violent deaths. Each state collects information on its own deaths from death certificates, medical examiner/coroner files, law enforcement records, and crime laboratories. Deaths occurring in the same incident are linked. Over 270 data elements can be collected on each incident. Setting: The 13 state health departments of Alaska, Colorado, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia, and Wisconsin. Subjects: Cases consist of violent deaths from suicide, homicide, undetermined intent, legal intervention, and unintentional firearm injury. Information is collected on suspects as well as victims. Interventions: None. Outcome measures: The quality of surveillance will be measured in terms of its acceptability, accuracy, sensitivity, timeliness, utility, and cost. Results: The system has just been started. There are no results as yet. Conclusions: NVDRS has achieved enough support to begin data collection efforts in selected states. This system will need to overcome the significant barriers to such a large data collection effort. Its success depends on the use of its data to inform and assess violence prevention efforts. If successful, it will open a new chapter in the use of empirical information to guide public policy around violence in the United States. PMID:14760027

  2. Aerosol delivery of programmed cell death protein 4 using polysorbitol-based gene delivery system for lung cancer therapy.

    PubMed

    Kim, You-Kyoung; Xing, Lei; Chen, Bao-An; Xu, Fengguo; Jiang, Hu-Lin; Zhang, Can

    2014-11-01

    The development of a safe and effective gene delivery system is the most challenging obstacle to the broad application of gene therapy in the clinic. In this study, we report the development of a polysorbitol-based gene delivery system as an alternative gene carrier for lung cancer therapy. The copolymer was prepared by a Michael addition reaction between sorbitol diacrylate (SD) and spermine (SPE); the SD-SPE copolymer effectively condenses with DNA on the nanoscale and protects it from nucleases. SD-SPE/DNA complexes showed excellent transfection with low toxicity both in vitro and in vivo, and aerosol delivery of SD-SPE complexes with programmed cell death protein 4 DNA significantly suppressed lung tumorigenesis in K-ras(LA1) lung cancer model mice. These results demonstrate that SD-SPE has great potential as a gene delivery system based on its excellent biocompatibility and high gene delivery efficiency for lung cancer gene therapy. PMID:24983766

  3. Donation after cardiac death liver transplantation: Graft quality evaluation based on pretransplant liver biopsy.

    PubMed

    Xia, Weiliang; Ke, Qinghong; Wang, Ye; Feng, Xiaowen; Guo, Haijun; Wang, Weilin; Zhang, Min; Shen, Yan; Wu, Jian; Xu, Xiao; Yan, Sheng; Zheng, Shusen

    2015-06-01

    Donation after cardiac death (DCD) liver grafts are associated with inferior clinical outcomes and high discard rates because of poor graft quality. We investigated the predictive value of DCD liver biopsy for the pretransplant graft quality evaluation. DCD liver transplants that took place between October 2010 and April 2014 were included (n?=?127). Histological features of graft biopsy samples were analyzed to assess risk factors for graft survival. Macrovesicular steatosis???20% [hazard ratio (HR)?=?2.973; P?=?0.045] and sinusoidal neutrophilic infiltrate (HR?=?6.969; P?=?0.005) were confirmed as independent risk factors for graft survival; hepatocellular swelling, vacuolation, and necrosis failed to show prognostic value. Additionally, a donor serum total bilirubin level???34.2 ?mol/L was also associated with a lower probability of graft survival. Our analysis indicates that macrovesicular steatosis???20% and sinusoidal neutrophilic infiltrate are novel and useful histological markers for DCD liver grafts with unacceptable quality. This finding can be used by transplant surgeons to improve DCD liver acceptance protocols. Liver Transpl 21:838-846, 2015. © 2015 AASLD. PMID:25824672

  4. An ostracode based paleolimnologic and paleohydrologic history of Death Valley: 200 to 0 ka

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Forester, R.M.; Lowenstein, T.K.; Spencer, R.J.

    2005-01-01

    Death Valley, a complex tectonic and hydrologic basin, was cored from its lowest surface elevation to a depth of 186 m. The sediments range from bedded primary halite to black muds. Continental ostracodes found in the black muds indicate that those sediments were deposited in a variety of hydrologic settings ranging from deep, relatively fresh water to shallow saline lakes to spring discharge supported wetlands. The alkaline-enriched, calcium-depleted paleolake waters indicate extrabasinal streamflow and basin-margin spring discharge. The alkaline-depleted, calcium-enriched paleowetland waters indicate intrabasinal spring discharge. During Marine Isotope Stage 6 (MIS 6, ca. 180-140 ka) the hydrologic settings were highly variable, implying that complex relations existed between climate and basin hydrology. Termination II (MIS 6 to MIS 5E) was a complex multicyclic sequence of paleoenvironments, implying that climates oscillated between high and low effective moisture. MIS 4 (ca. 73-61 ka) was a spring discharge supported wetland complex. During MIS 2 (ca. 20-12 ka) the hydrologic settings were variable, although they are not fully understood because some black muds deposited during that time were lost during coring. ?? 2005 Geological Society of America.

  5. Death Rates

    Cancer.gov

    Close Window State Cancer Profiles Quick Reference Guides ? Quick Reference Guides Index Death Rates Send to Printer Text description of this image. Site Home Policies Accessibility Viewing Files FOIA Contact Us U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

  6. Death's Midwife.

    PubMed

    Jaffe, Sharon

    2003-01-01

    SUMMARY Ritual provided a way for Nance, her lesbian family, and her birth family to care for each other during Nance's diagnosis and death of cancer. "Death's Midwife" tells of the Tuesday night healing rituals and some of the rituals during Nance's dying days. The survivors used ritual in grief and in the memorial service; however, once Nance died the ritual circle fragmented. This short memoir examines how lesbian-created ritual centered, for a while, a lesbian family and community. PMID:24815891

  7. Preventing Fire Death and Injury, Conducting a Fire Drill in a Group Home [and] When You Need a Fire Safety Expert. National Fire Safety Certification System. Continuing Education Program. Volume 1, Numbers 1-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Bonnie

    Three booklets provide fire safety information for staff of residential facilities serving people with developmental disabilities. Booklets focus on: (1) preventing fire death and injury, (2) conducting a fire drill in a group home, and (3) the role of fire safety experts. The first booklet stresses the elimination of the following dangers:…

  8. Degree Information 37 Transcripted Graduate Certificate Programs

    E-print Network

    Graduate Certificate in China Studies (Bush School of Government and Public Service) Certificate in Health Systems and Design Graduate Certificate in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Certificate in Food Safety Graduate Certificate in International Business (Mays MS Students Only) Certificate

  9. Risk for commercial fishing deaths in Canadian Atlantic provinces.

    PubMed Central

    Hasselback, P; Neutel, C I

    1990-01-01

    The risk of mortality related to occupation was determined for commercial fishermen in the Canadian Atlantic coast provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. The subjects were a cohort of 31,415 fishermen licensed by the Canadian Department of Fisheries during 1975-83. Mortality and cause of death were obtained from the Canada Mortality Data Base and the Marine Casualty Investigation Unit (MCI), and were confirmed by examination of death certificates. Eighty four deaths likely to be related to fishing were recorded over 183,378 person-years of exposure for an annual mortality of 45.8 (95% confidence interval (CI) 36.0-55.6) per 100,000 fishermen. The rate of potential years of life lost up to age 75 was 1583 per 100,000 person-years of exposure. Inclusion of 14 additional deaths, which were possibly related to occupation, would increase these rates further. Bias in this study is likely to underestimate the risks. It is concluded that fishing is one of the most hazardous occupations in terms of mortality related to work. PMID:2383520

  10. Personal Financial Certificate Program

    E-print Network

    Rose, Michael R.

    Finance Personal Financial Planning Certificate Program Curriculum satisfies the CFP Board-known, uncompromising standard of academic excellence. #12;Personal Financial Planning Certificate Program Market profession. University of California, Irvine Extension's Program in Personal Financial Planning is registered

  11. CRITICAL ELEMENTS FOR CERTIFICATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Microbiology Subcommittee of the Drinking Water Laboratory Certification Implementation Work Group has revised Chapter V of the Manual for the Interim Certification of Laboratories Involved in Analyzing Public Drinking Water Supplies. The technical criteria for Chapter V are ...

  12. The Certification Advantage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, John C.; Pritz, Sandra G.

    2006-01-01

    Certificates have become an important career credential and can give students an advantage when they enter the workplace. However, many types of certificates exist, and the number of people seeking them and organizations offering them are both growing rapidly. In a time of such growth, the authors review some of the basics about certification--the…

  13. Diagnosed diabetes and premature death among middle-aged Japanese: results from a large-scale population-based cohort study in Japan (JPHC study)

    PubMed Central

    Kato, Masayuki; Noda, Mitsuhiko; Mizoue, Tetsuya; Goto, Atsushi; Takahashi, Yoshihiko; Matsushita, Yumi; Nanri, Akiko; Iso, Hiroyasu; Inoue, Manami; Sawada, Norie; Tsugane, Shoichiro

    2015-01-01

    Objective To examine the association between diabetes and premature death for Japanese general people. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting The Japan Public Health Center-based prospective study (JPHC study), data collected between 1990 and 2010. Population A total of 46?017 men and 53?567 women, aged 40–69?years at the beginning of baseline survey. Main outcome measures Overall and cause specific mortality. Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate the HRs of all cause and cause specific mortality associated with diabetes. Results The median follow-up period was 17.8?years. During the follow-up period, 8223 men and 4640 women have died. Diabetes was associated with increased risk of death (856 men and 345 women; HR 1.60, (95% CI 1.49 to 1.71) for men and 1.98 (95% CI 1.77 to 2.21) for women). As for the cause of death, diabetes was associated with increased risk of death by circulatory diseases (HR 1.76 (95% CI 1.53 to 2.02) for men and 2.49 (95% CI 2.06 to 3.01) for women) while its association with the risk of cancer death was moderate (HR 1.25 (95% CI 1.11 to 1.42) for men and 1.04 (95% CI 0.82 to 1.32) for women). Diabetes was also associated with increased risk of death for ‘non-cancer, non-circulatory system disease’ (HR 1.91 (95% CI 1.71 to 2.14) for men and 2.67 (95% CI 2.25 to 3.17) for women). Conclusions Diabetes was associated with increased risk of death, especially the risk of death by circulatory diseases. PMID:25941187

  14. Avoiding a fate worse than death: an argument for legalising voluntary physician-based euthanasia.

    PubMed

    Werren, Julia; Yuksel, Necef; Smith, Saxon

    2012-09-01

    The legalisation of voluntary physician-based euthanasia is currently the subject of much political, social and ethical debate and there is evidence in Australia of growing support for its implementation. In addressing many of the issues that surround legalisation, the article looks at some overseas jurisdictions that have legalised euthanasia to determine whether the social, political and ethical concerns prominent in the Australian debate have proved problematic in other jurisdictions. In addition, the article examines the report on the Dying with Dignity Bill 2009 (Tas) which commented extensively on the issues relating to voluntary physician-based euthanasia. PMID:23156656

  15. Unintentional Carbon Monoxide Deaths in California from Residential and Other Nonvehicular Sources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kai-Shen Liu; Maria Katrina Paz; Peter Flessel; Jed Waldman; John Girman

    2000-01-01

    To investigate risk factors of unintentional carbon monoxide deaths in California from nonvehicular sources, we identified 270 deaths resulting from nonvehicular sources of carbon monoxide poisoning from death certificates and coroners' investigation reports. Data recorded between 1979 and 1988 in the state of California on risk factors and carbon monoxide sources were abstracted from investigation reports. We also used census

  16. Maintenance of Certification for Radiation Oncology

    SciTech Connect

    Kun, Larry E. [Radiation Oncology Trustees of the American Board of Radiology, Tucson, AZ (United States); Ang, Kian [Radiation Oncology Trustees of the American Board of Radiology, Tucson, AZ (United States); Erickson, Beth [Radiation Oncology Trustees of the American Board of Radiology, Tucson, AZ (United States); Harris, Jay [Radiation Oncology Trustees of the American Board of Radiology, Tucson, AZ (United States); Hoppe, Richard [Radiation Oncology Trustees of the American Board of Radiology, Tucson, AZ (United States); Leibel, Steve [Radiation Oncology Trustees of the American Board of Radiology, Tucson, AZ (United States); Davis, Larry [Assistant Executive Director for Radiation Oncology, American Board of Radiology, Tucson, AZ (United States); Hattery, Robert [Executive Director, American Board of Radiology, Tucson, AZ (United States)

    2005-06-01

    Maintenance of Certification (MOC) recognizes that in addition to medical knowledge, several essential elements involved in delivering quality care must be developed and maintained throughout one's career. The MOC process is designed to facilitate and document professional development of American Board of Radiology (ABR) diplomates in the essential elements of quality care in Radiation Oncology and Radiologic Physics. ABR MOC has been developed in accord with guidelines of the American Board of Medical Specialties. All Radiation Oncology certificates issued since 1995 are 10-year, time-limited certificates; diplomates with time-limited certificates who wish to maintain specialty certification must complete specific requirements of the American Board of Radiology MOC program. Diplomates with lifelong certificates are not required to participate but are strongly encouraged to do so. Maintenance of Certification is based on documentation of participation in the four components of MOC: (1) professional standing, (2) lifelong learning and self-assessment, (3) cognitive expertise, and (4) performance in practice. Through these components, MOC addresses six competencies-medical knowledge, patient care, interpersonal and communication skills, professionalism, practice-based learning and improvement, and systems-based practice. Details of requirements for components 1, 2, and 3 of MOC are outlined along with aspects of the fourth component currently under development.

  17. Hypericin-based photodynamic therapy: antitumor activity, accumulation potential, and induced cell death pathway

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luksiene, Zivile; Vaitkuviene, Aurelija

    2004-09-01

    In this study the main interest was focused on the to investigation the photodynamic efficacy of hypericin, three other photosensitizers and 5 aminolevulinic acid-induced protopofirin IX in their ability to block the growth of rather aggressive tumor - Ehrlich ascite carcinoma in mice as well as Reh cells in humans (B-leukemia). Hypericin was found to exhibit the highest phototoxicity and antitumor activity in treating Ehrlich ascite carcinoma. The different photosensitizers were ranked as follows: Hypericin > hematoporphyrin dimethyl ether > Photofrin II > meso-tetra (para-sulfophenyl)porphin > 5-aminolevulinic acid. The most important is that just after Hyp-based photodynamic therapy 75% of mice survived a 4 month-period, and no recurrence of tumor within this period was detected in 25% of the treated mice. The clear cut correlation observed between intracellular dye concentration in the tumor cells and efficiency of photodynamic therapy, supports the idea that the intracellular accumulation of the photosensitizer is one of the most important factors in determining the benefit of photodynamic therapy. Hence, the accumulation of the photosensitizer in the tumor cells should be considered as one of the prognostic factors for the determination of the therapeutic outcome. Eventually, one of the most significant result is that hypericin is effective photosensitizer for human B-leukemia cells and induces apoptosis after photosensitization.

  18. Population?Based Incidence of Sudden Cardiac and Unexpected Death Before and After the 2011 Earthquake and Tsunami in Iwate, Northeast Japan

    PubMed Central

    Niiyama, Masanobu; Tanaka, Fumitaka; Nakajima, Satoshi; Itoh, Tomonori; Matsumoto, Tatsuya; Kawakami, Mikio; Naganuma, Yujiro; Omama, Shinichi; Komatsu, Takashi; Onoda, Toshiyuki; Sakata, Kiyomi; Ichikawa, Takashi; Nakamura, Motoyuki

    2014-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the temporal impact of the 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami on the incidence of sudden cardiac and unexpected death (SCUD). Methods and Results We surveyed the impact of the disaster on the incidence and clinical characteristics of SCUD in Iwate. To perform complete identification of SCUD for 8 weeks before and 40 weeks after the disaster, medical records and death certificates relevant to SCUD were surveyed in the study area. Compared with the previous year's rate, the incidence (per 10 000 person?year) of SCUD for the initial 4 weeks after the disaster (acute phase) was double (33.5 vs 18.9), and thereafter the rate returned to the previous level. Significant relationships were found between weekly numbers of SCUD and seismic activity (intensity, r=0.43; P<0.005: frequency, r=0.46; P<0.002). The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) of SCUD in the acute phase was significantly increased compared with that of previous years (1.71, 95% CI 1.33 to 2.16). Increased SIRs were predominantly found in female subjects (1.73, 95% CI 1.22 to 2.37), the elderly (1.73, 95% CI 1.29 to 2.27), and residents living in the tsunami?stricken area (1.83, 95% CI 1.33 to 2.46). In addition, SIRs for weekdays (1.71, 95% CI 1.28 to 2.24) and nights?mornings (2.09, 95% CI 1.48 to 2.86) were amplified. Conclusions The present results suggest that the magnitude of a disaster, related stress, and population aging may cause a temporary increase in the incidence of SCUD with amplification of ordinary weekly and circadian variations. PMID:24811614

  19. Brain death.

    PubMed

    Jennett, B

    1982-01-01

    Mechanical ventilation frequently saves lives that are threatened by temporary respiratory failure; but when breathing stops due to irreversible brain damage ventilation only prolongs the process of dying, as organs serially cease to function. The possibility of extending from a few minutes to many days the interval between final failure of the brain and ultimate cardiac asystole emphasises that death is not an event, but a process. PMID:7056934

  20. IR spectroscopic characteristics of cell cycle and cell death probed by synchrotron radiation based Fourier transform IR spectromicroscopy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holman, H. Y.; Martin, M. C.; Blakely, E. A.; Bjornstad, K.; McKinney, W. R.

    2000-01-01

    Synchrotron radiation based Fourier transform IR (SR-FTIR) spectromicroscopy allows the study of individual living cells with a high signal to noise ratio. Here we report the use of the SR-FTIR technique to investigate changes in IR spectral features from individual human lung fibroblast (IMR-90) cells in vitro at different points in their cell cycle. Clear changes are observed in the spectral regions corresponding to proteins, DNA, and RNA as a cell changes from the G(1)-phase to the S-phase and finally into mitosis. These spectral changes include markers for the changing secondary structure of proteins in the cell, as well as variations in DNA/RNA content and packing as the cell cycle progresses. We also observe spectral features that indicate that occasional cells are undergoing various steps in the process of cell death. The dying or dead cell has a shift in the protein amide I and II bands corresponding to changing protein morphologies, and a significant increase in the intensity of an ester carbonyl C===O peak at 1743 cm(-1) is observed. Copyright John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Biopolymers (Biospectroscopy) 57: 329-335, 2000.

  1. The incidence of death among low-risk populations: a multi-level analysis 

    E-print Network

    Lewinski, Christi Nicole

    2007-09-17

    This study utilized a multi-level model to examine the impact of religion as an occupation on mortality. Death certificate data were used to examine clergy mortality and compares them to census categorized professionals, counseling professionals...

  2. TECHNICAL SERIES DEVELOPING FOREST CERTIFICATION

    E-print Network

    MAY 2008 29 TECHNICAL SERIES DEVELOPING FOREST CERTIFICATION Towards increasing the comparability;1 INTERNATIONAL TROPICAL TIMBER ORGANIZATION TECHNICAL SERIES TOWARDS INCREASING THE COMPARABILITY AND ACCEPTANCE OF FOREST CERTIFICATION SYSTEMS WORLDWIDE DEVELOPING FOREST CERTIFICATION ITTO Technical Series #29

  3. [Near death experiences].

    PubMed

    Rubia Vila, Francisco José

    2012-01-01

    Near Death Experiences are those accounted by people who after being clinically dead return to life spontaneously or after reanimation. These experiences have been used traditionally to support the belief in the existence of the soul and of life after death. However, today neuroscience tries to explain these experiences from the scientific point of view, i.e. explaining them based on their brain substrates. Their resemblance to mystic experiences and to altered states of consciousness seems to indicate that they may be produced by hyperactivity of limbic structures caused by anoxia or hypercapnia. PMID:24294729

  4. An Identity and Certificate Manager

    E-print Network

    Wu, Brian C

    2007-01-01

    We have designed and implemented a software library, called Identity and Certificate Manager (ICM), for managing, using, and exchanging application-level usernames, users' digital certificates, and cryptographic ...

  5. Statewide Systematic Evaluation of Sudden, Unexpected Infant Death Classification: Results from a National Pilot Project

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sabrina L. Walsh; Richard Kryscio; James W. Holsinger; Henry F. Krous

    2010-01-01

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded seven states, including Kentucky, to clarify statewide death certification\\u000a practices in sudden, unexpected infant death and compare state performances with national expectations. Accurate assignment\\u000a of the cause and manner of death in cases of sudden, unexpected infant death is critical for accurate vital statistics data\\u000a to direct limited resources to appropriate targets,

  6. EDR2 negatively regulates salicylic acid-based defenses and cell death during powdery mildew infections of Arabidopsis thaliana

    PubMed Central

    Vorwerk, Sonja; Schiff, Celine; Santamaria, Marjorie; Koh, Serry; Nishimura, Marc; Vogel, John; Somerville, Chris; Somerville, Shauna

    2007-01-01

    Background The hypersensitive necrosis response (HR) of resistant plants to avirulent pathogens is a form of programmed cell death in which the plant sacrifices a few cells under attack, restricting pathogen growth into adjacent healthy tissues. In spite of the importance of this defense response, relatively little is known about the plant components that execute the cell death program or about its regulation in response to pathogen attack. Results We isolated the edr2-6 mutant, an allele of the previously described edr2 mutants. We found that edr2-6 exhibited an exaggerated chlorosis and necrosis response to attack by three pathogens, two powdery mildew and one downy mildew species, but not in response to abiotic stresses or attack by the bacterial leaf speck pathogen. The chlorosis and necrosis did not spread beyond inoculated sites suggesting that EDR2 limits the initiation of cell death rather than its spread. The pathogen-induced chlorosis and necrosis of edr2-6 was correlated with a stimulation of the salicylic acid defense pathway and was suppressed in mutants deficient in salicylic acid signaling. EDR2 encodes a novel protein with a pleckstrin homology and a StAR transfer (START) domain as well as a plant-specific domain of unknown function, DUF1336. The pleckstrin homology domain binds to phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate in vitro and an EDR2:HA:GFP protein localizes to endoplasmic reticulum, plasma membrane and endosomes. Conclusion EDR2 acts as a negative regulator of cell death, specifically the cell death elicited by pathogen attack and mediated by the salicylic acid defense pathway. Phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate may have a role in limiting cell death via its effect on EDR2. This role in cell death may be indirect, by helping to target EDR2 to the appropriate membrane, or it may play a more direct role. PMID:17612410

  7. Uniformity in brain death criteria.

    PubMed

    Shemie, Sam D; Baker, Andrew

    2015-04-01

    Despite well-described international variabilities in brain death practices, de facto there already exists a minimum international clinical standard for the diagnosis of brain death. This remains rooted in the Harvard criteria and based on the characteristics of a permanently nonfunctioning brain. Medicine is evolving toward a single unified determination of death based on the cessation of brain function subsequent to catastrophic brain injury or circulatory arrest. Clarity in lexicon could be established, including movement toward functional definitions and away from anatomically based terms such as cardiac and brain death that erroneously imply death of the organ. The cessation of clinical functions of the brain that will not resume is determined by the absence of capacity for consciousness, centrally mediated motor responses, brainstem reflexes, and capacity to breathe. A known proximate cause and the absence of confounding or reversible conditions must be confirmed. Regional medical, legal, cultural, religious, or socioeconomic factors may require testing beyond this minimal clinical standard. PMID:25839725

  8. 42 CFR 493.1840 - Suspension, limitation, or revocation of any type of CLIA certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement...action based on actions of the laboratory's owner, operator or employees...certificate if CMS finds that a laboratory's owner or operator or...

  9. 42 CFR 493.1840 - Suspension, limitation, or revocation of any type of CLIA certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement...action based on actions of the laboratory's owner, operator or employees...certificate if CMS finds that a laboratory's owner or operator or...

  10. 42 CFR 493.1840 - Suspension, limitation, or revocation of any type of CLIA certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement...action based on actions of the laboratory's owner, operator or employees...certificate if CMS finds that a laboratory's owner or operator or...

  11. 42 CFR 493.1840 - Suspension, limitation, or revocation of any type of CLIA certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement...action based on actions of the laboratory's owner, operator or employees...certificate if CMS finds that a laboratory's owner or operator or...

  12. 42 CFR 493.1840 - Suspension, limitation, or revocation of any type of CLIA certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement...action based on actions of the laboratory's owner, operator or employees...certificate if CMS finds that a laboratory's owner or operator or...

  13. Value, Challenges, and Satisfaction of Certification for Multiple Sclerosis Specialists

    PubMed Central

    Halper, June

    2014-01-01

    Background: Specialist certification among interdisciplinary multiple sclerosis (MS) team members provides formal recognition of a specialized body of knowledge felt to be necessary to provide optimal care to individuals and families living with MS. Multiple sclerosis specialist certification (MS Certified Specialist, or MSCS) first became available in 2004 for MS interdisciplinary team members, but prior to the present study had not been evaluated for its perceived value, challenges, and satisfaction. Methods: A sample consisting of 67 currently certified MS specialists and 20 lapsed-certification MS specialists completed the following instruments: Perceived Value of Certification Tool (PVCT), Perceived Challenges and Barriers to Certification Scale (PCBCS), Overall Satisfaction with Certification Scale, and a demographic data form. Results: Satisfactory reliability was shown for the total scale and four factored subscales of the PVCT and for two of the three factored PCBCS subscales. Currently certified MS specialists perceived significantly greater value and satisfaction than lapsed-certification MS specialists in terms of employer and peer recognition, validation of MS knowledge, and empowering MS patients. Lapsed-certification MS specialists reported increased confidence and caring for MS patients using evidence-based practice. Both currently certified and lapsed-certification groups reported dissatisfaction with MSCS recognition and pay/salary rewards. Conclusions: The results of this study can be used in efforts to encourage initial certification and recertification of interdisciplinary MS team members. PMID:25061432

  14. ORACLE CERTIFICATION Oracle Application

    E-print Network

    Loudon, Catherine

    ORACLE CERTIFICATION Oracle Application Development Certificate Program 19 The Oracle Database management in mission-critical operations, Oracle is often the product of choice for large organizations applications to interact with databases. UC Irvine Extension is a participant in Oracle's Workforce Development

  15. Certification Programs for Citrus

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Citrus certification programs designed to ensure that healthy plants of the highest genetic potential are being planted in the field are the basic building block of an integrated pest management program. Certification programs began for citrus began with the discovery that the diseases were graft t...

  16. Urban Studies Certificate

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    Urban Studies Certificate Urban Studies at UWM Cities can be loud and crowded, but they also such as urban poverty, homelessness, transportation, or troubled schools, urban studies may be for you. The Urban Studies Certificate Program provides the undergraduate student with a coordinated set of courses

  17. Ancient Mediterranean Certificate

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    a coordinated core of courses clustered around the disciplines of classics, history, and art history: anthropology, art history, classics, history, and philosophy. Certificate programs are similar to minors, and medicine. Certificate Requirements The program is open to all students seeking a bachelor's degree from UWM

  18. Emergency Teacher Certification.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, James L.; And Others

    This report analyzes information gathered by a task force, appointed by the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (AACTE), to investigate the current status of emergency or substandard certification measures used by state agencies and school districts. In an overview, the task force defines the role of teacher certification and…

  19. Young People's Risk of Suicide Attempts in Relation to Parental Death: A Population-Based Register Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jakobsen, Ida Skytte; Christiansen, Erik

    2011-01-01

    Background: The objective of this study was to examine the association between the death of a biological parent and subsequent suicide attempts by young people (aged 10-22 years), and to explore sociodemographic factors as modifying factors in the process. Methods: The study used a nested case-control design. The full study population was obtained…

  20. EDR2 NEGATIVELY REGULATES SALICYLIC ACID-BASED DEFENSES AND CELL DEATH DURING POWDERY MILDEW INFECTIONS OF ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The hypersensitive necrosis response (HR) of resistant plants to avirulent pathogens is a form of programmed cell death in which the plant sacrifices a few cells under attack, restricting pathogen growth into adjacent healthy tissues. In spite of the importance of this defense response, relatively l...

  1. Cervical screening and cervical cancer death among older women: a population-based, case-control study.

    PubMed

    Rustagi, Alison S; Kamineni, Aruna; Weinmann, Sheila; Reed, Susan D; Newcomb, Polly; Weiss, Noel S

    2014-05-01

    Recent research suggests that cervical screening of older women is associated with a considerable decrease in cervical cancer incidence. We sought to quantify the efficacy of cervical cytology screening to reduce death from this disease. Among enrollees of 2 US health plans, we compared Papanicolaou smear screening histories of women aged 55-79 years who died of cervical cancer during 1980-2010 (cases) to those of women at risk of cervical cancer (controls). Controls were matched 2:1 to cases on health plan, age, and enrollment duration. Cytology screening during the detectable preclinical phase, estimated as the 5-7 years before diagnosis during which cervical neoplasia is asymptomatic but cytologically detectable, was ascertained from medical records. A total of 39 cases and 80 controls were eligible. The odds ratio of cervical cancer death associated with screening during the presumed detectable preclinical phase was 0.26 (95% confidence interval: 0.10, 0.63) after adjustment for matching characteristics, smoking, marital status, and race/ethnicity using logistic regression. We estimate that cervical cytology screening of all women aged 55-79 years in the United States could avert 630 deaths annually. These results provide a minimum estimate of the efficacy of human papillomavirus DNA screening-a more sensitive test-to reduce cervical cancer death among older women. PMID:24685531

  2. PEM public key certificate cache server

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheung, T.

    1993-12-01

    Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM) provides privacy enhancement services to users of Internet electronic mail. Confidentiality, authentication, message integrity, and non-repudiation of origin are provided by applying cryptographic measures to messages transferred between end systems by the Message Transfer System. PEM supports both symmetric and asymmetric key distribution. However, the prevalent implementation uses a public key certificate-based strategy, modeled after the X.509 directory authentication framework. This scheme provides an infrastructure compatible with X.509. According to RFC 1422, public key certificates can be stored in directory servers, transmitted via non-secure message exchanges, or distributed via other means. Directory services provide a specialized distributed database for OSI applications. The directory contains information about objects and then provides structured mechanisms for accessing that information. Since directory services are not widely available now, a good approach is to manage certificates in a centralized certificate server. This document describes the detailed design of a centralized certificate cache serve. This server manages a cache of certificates and a cache of Certificate Revocation Lists (CRL's) for PEM applications. PEMapplications contact the server to obtain/store certificates and CRL's. The server software is programmed in C and ELROS. To use this server, ISODE has to be configured and installed properly. The ISODE library 'libisode.a' has to be linked together with this library because ELROS uses the transport layer functions provided by 'libisode.a.' The X.500 DAP library that is included with the ELROS distribution has to be linked in also, since the server uses the DAP library functions to communicate with directory servers.

  3. Sudden death in epilepsy: an avoidable outcome?

    PubMed Central

    Lip, G Y; Brodie, M J

    1992-01-01

    In a retrospective survey of mortality among the first 1000 unselected patients referred to the Epilepsy Research Unit at the Western Infirmary in Glasgow between 1985 and 1990, a total of 18 deaths were identified. Three patients had committed suicide and one each had died of status epilepticus in hospital, a subdural haematoma and a myocardial infarction. The remaining 12 deaths (67%) were sudden (median age 32 years; range 22-68 years). Poor seizure control and poor compliance with antiepileptic drug therapy were recorded in only three (25%) of these patients. There was a change in antiepileptic drug regimen in five (28%) in the month before death. Only two (17%) underwent postmortem examination. In nine of the 12 patients dying suddenly, the primary cause of death was not listed as epilepsy but as asphyxia (3), aspiration (2) and one each of ischaemic heart disease, myocardial infarction, asystole and drowning (in the bath). 'Status epilepticus' was assumed to have been responsible for the other three deaths, two of which were unwitnessed. Sudden death in people with epilepsy is an entity of great concern. Appropriate death certification and mandatory postmortem examination are essential to provide a truer picture of this neglected phenomenon. PMID:1433037

  4. 40 CFR 745.229 - Certification of individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: public and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: public and commercial buildings...SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Lead-Based Paint Activities § 745.229...

  5. 40 CFR 745.226 - Certification of individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: target housing and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: target housing and child-occupied...SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Lead-Based Paint Activities § 745.226...

  6. The economic repercussions of ISO 14001 environmental certification

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joaquín Cañón de Francia; Concepción Garcés Ayerbe

    2006-01-01

    This study is an empirical contrast on the effect that the announcement of the gaining of ISO 14001 certification by a firm has on its market value. The analysis is based on a sample of 80 observations of environmental quality certification of the shop-floor systems or processes of large Spanish companies listed on the continuous trading market of the Madrid

  7. Postsecondary Certificates and Degrees in the State of Alaska.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alaska State Commission on Postsecondary Education, Juneau.

    The number of certificate and degree programs offered and awarded at public and private nonproprietary, postsecondary institutions in Alaska is listed statewide and by institution. Programs that may be underproductive based on the number of formal awards over a four-year period are also identified. A total of 252 unduplicated certificate and…

  8. Computational Science and Engineering Certification for Atmospheric Sciences Undergraduate Students

    E-print Network

    Gilbert, Matthew

    Computational Science and Engineering Certification for Atmospheric Sciences Undergraduate Students The Computational Science and Engineering certificate program is designed to provide ATMS under- graduate students an opportunity to develop a solid base in problem solving using computation as a ma- jor tool for modeling

  9. On the Role of Formal Methods in Software Certification

    E-print Network

    On the Role of Formal Methods in Software Certification: An Experience Report Constance L. Heitmeyer1,2 Naval Research Laboratory Washington, DC 20375 Abstract This paper describes how formal methods were used to produce evidence in a certification, based on the Common Criteria, of a security

  10. FROM NATIONAL APPROVAL SCHEME TO INTERNATIONAL CERTIFICATION SCHEME

    E-print Network

    FROM NATIONAL APPROVAL SCHEME TO INTERNATIONAL CERTIFICATION SCHEME Erik R. Jørgensen, erik.r.joergensen@risoe.dk Jørgen Lemming, joergen.lemming@risoe.dk Risø National Laboratory Summary In Denmark approval of wind turbines has been performed since 1979. In January 2005 a certification scheme was introduced based on IEC

  11. Subspecialty Certification by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Juul, Dorthea; Scheiber, Stephen C.; Kramer, Thomas A. M.

    2004-01-01

    Objective: The authors describe the approval processes for subspecialties and the mechanisms for certification and recertification and review the status of training programs and numbers of diplomates with subspecialty certification. Methods: Published information and relevant data bases were reviewed. To date, 5,327 child and adolescent…

  12. A Fair Trade approach to community forest certification? A framework for discussion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Leigh Taylor

    2005-01-01

    Forest certification has gained growing attention as a market-based instrument to make globalizing markets a force for mitigating rather than fostering environmental degradation. Yet in practice, market mechanisms currently appear to encourage concentration of forest certification in Northern temperate and boreal forests, rather than in the tropical forests certification originally aimed to protect. At the same time, the share of

  13. Certification of training

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gibson, Richard S.

    1994-01-01

    Training has been around as an informal process for countless years. Most higher order animals require some level of training in hunting, social skills, or other survival related skills to continue their existence beyond early infancy. Much of the training is accomplished through imitation, trial and error, and good luck. In some ways the essentials of training in aviation have not deviated from this original formula a great deal. One of the major changes in aviation and other technical areas is that more complex response chains based on a broader base of knowledge are now required. 'To certify' means many things according to the American Heritage dictionary of the English Language. These meanings range from 'to guarantee as meeting a standard' to 'to declare legally insane'. For this discussion, we will use the definition 'an action taken by some authoritative body that essentially guarantees that the instruction meets some defined standard'. In order to make this certification, the responsible body subjects the educational process, training, training device, or simulator to some type of examination to determine its adequacy or validity.

  14. Comprehensive review of sleep-related sudden unexpected infant deaths and their investigations: Florida 2008.

    PubMed

    Sauber-Schatz, Erin K; Sappenfield, William M; Shapiro-Mendoza, Carrie K

    2015-02-01

    To describe 2008 Florida sleep-related sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUIDs) by describing (a) percentage distribution of medical examiner (ME) cause-of-death determinations; (b) mortality rates by maternal and infant characteristics; (c) prevalence of selected suffocation or sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk and protective factors; (d) frequency of selected scene investigation and autopsy components (including extent of missing data); and (e) percentage with public health program contact. In this population-based study, we identified sleep-related SUIDs occurring among Florida residents from the 2008-linked Florida infant death and birth certificates. Information about the circumstances of death was abstracted from ME, law enforcement, and hospital records. We used frequencies and percentages to describe characteristics of sleep-related SUID cases. Of 215 sleep-related SUID cases, MEs identified 47.9% as accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed, 35.4% as unknown or undetermined cause, and 16.7% as SIDS. Sleep-related SUID most frequently occurred in an adult bed (n = 108; 50.2%). At death, 82.4% of sleep-related SUIDs had ?1 suffocation or SIDS risk factor with 54.4% infants sharing a sleep surface, 38.1% placed nonsupine, 24.2% placed on a pillow, and 10.2% having head covering. Missing data frequently resulted from incomplete scene investigation and autopsy components. SUID contributed to ?1 in seven Florida infant deaths in 2008. Approximately 80% of sleep-related SUIDs were reported among infants placed in unsafe sleeping environments. Effective interventions are needed to promote safe sleep among caregivers of Florida infants. These interventions must reach infant caregivers at highest risk and change unsafe sleep practices. The substantial percentage of missing investigation data reinforces the need for standardized reporting. PMID:24898690

  15. Calculating expected years of life lost for assessing local ethnic disparities in causes of premature death

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tomás J Aragón; Daphne Y Lichtensztajn; Brian S Katcher; Randy Reiter; Mitchell H Katz

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: A core function of local health departments is to conduct health assessments. The analysis of death certificates provides information on diseases, conditions, and injuries that are likely to cause death – an important outcome indicator of population health. The expected years of life lost (Y LL) measure is a valid, stand-alone measure for identifying and ranking the underlying causes

  16. Renewable Energy Technology Certificate

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this framework for a renewable energy certificate. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

  17. Operator Certification Study Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Water Works Association, Denver, CO.

    This study guide contains typical questions and answers that all levels of water treatment plant operators might expect to find on a certification examination. The manual covers the basic sciences, treatment techniques, testing procedures, and federal legislation. (Author/SB)

  18. Waterfront Certification Changes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Laurie

    1995-01-01

    Overviews certification changes affecting lifeguard training, progressive swimming instructors, CPR and first aid training, canoeing and kayaking instructors, sailing instructors, water skiing instructors, and instructor trainers. Addresses how changes impact American Camping Association standards. Provides addresses of training organizations. (LP)

  19. Drug Overdose Deaths, Hospitalizations,

    E-print Network

    MacAdam, Keith

    Drug Overdose Deaths, Hospitalizations, and Emergency Department Visits in Kentucky, 2000 - 2012 #12; Kentucky Injury Preven on and Research Center Drug Overdose Deaths, Hospitaliza ons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Drug overdose deaths, 20002012

  20. Death threat, death concerns, and paranormal belief

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jerome Tobacyk

    1983-01-01

    Relationships among death threat, death concerns, and paranormal beliefs were investigated in a personal construct theory framework. First, the Threat Index measure of death threat and the Paranormal Belief Scale, which provides a measure of degree of belief in each of seven paranormal dimensions, were administered to 78 college students. As hypothesized, one paranormal belief dimension (traditional religious belief) was

  1. Photovoltaic module performance certification

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gobind H. Atmaram

    2005-01-01

    The Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) has established an independent accredited test laboratory for testing and certifying photovoltaic (PV) modules to meet PV industry and user needs. The module performance certification is part of a broader FSEC program on PV product certification, which also includes performance evaluation of small stand-alone systems, and design approval of residential PV grid-connected and stand-alone

  2. Certification Programs for Citrus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard F. Lee

    Certification programs are important for the long term sustainability of citrus and other crops which are vegetatively propagated.\\u000a The certification program provides a basic platform for all integrated pest management practices, it is important for the\\u000a management of insect and fungal pests, and the program ensures that the grower is planting healthy germplasm of the highest\\u000a horticultural quality. Graft transmissible

  3. Linkages to Improve Mortality Data for American Indians and Alaska Natives: A New Model for Death Reporting?

    PubMed Central

    Anderson, Robert N.; Copeland, Glenn; Hayes, John Mosely

    2014-01-01

    Racial misclassification is a well-documented weakness of mortality data taken from death certificates. As a result, mortality statistics for American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) present, at best, an inaccurate and misleading assessment of mortality in this population. Studies evaluating the quality of race/ethnicity reporting on death certificates have linked data from death certificates to other data sources collected when the decedent was still alive (e.g., Census, Current Population Survey). Such studies have shown substantial misclassification of AI/AN decedents. Despite limitations, linking mortality data from death certificates with data from other sources collected when decedents were living provides opportunities to evaluate and correct misclassification of populations such as AI/AN persons and facilitates the calculation and presentation of more accurate mortality statistics. PMID:24754614

  4. Council on Certification Professional Practice Analysis.

    PubMed

    Zaglaniczny, K L

    1993-06-01

    The CCNA has completed a PPA and will begin implementing its recommendations with the December 1993 certification examination. The results of the PPA provide content validation for the CCNA certification examination. The certification examination is reflective of the knowledge and skill required for entry-level practice. Assessment of this knowledge is accomplished through the use of questions that are based on the areas represented in the content outline. Analysis of the PPA has resulted in changes in the examination content outline and percentages of questions in each area to reflect current entry-level nurse anesthesia practice. The new outline is based on the major domains of knowledge required for nurse anesthesia practice. These changes are justified by the consistency in the responses of the practitioners surveyed. There was overall agreement as to the knowledge and skills related to patient conditions, procedures, agents, techniques, and equipment that an entry-level CRNA must have to practice. Members of the CCNA and Examination Committee will use the revised outline to develop questions for the certification examination. The questions will be focused on the areas identified as requiring high levels of expertise and those that appeared higher in frequency. The PPA survey will be used as a basis for subsequent content validation studies. It will be revised to reflect new knowledge, technology, and techniques related to nurse anesthesia practice. The CCNA has demonstrated its commitment to the certification process through completion of the PPA and implementation of changes in the structure of the examination. PMID:8291387

  5. USING RISK-BASED CORRECTIVE ACTION (RBCA) TO ASSESS (THEORETICAL) CANCER DEATHS AVERTED COMPARED TO THE (REAL) COST OF ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, M. L.; Hylko, J. M.

    2002-02-25

    In 1978, on the basis of existing health studies at the time, the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project legislation was proposed that would authorize remedial action at inactive uranium processing sites and vicinity properties. The cost of the program to the Federal Government was expected to be $180 million. With the completion of this project, approximately 1300 theoretical cancer deaths were prevented in the next 100 years at a cost of $1.45 billion, based on the Fiscal Year 1998 Federal UMTRA budget. The individual site costs ranged from $0.2 million up to $18 billion spent per theoretical cancer death averted over the next 100 years. Resources required to sustain remediation activities such as this are subject to reduction over time, and are originally based on conservative assumptions that tend to overestimate risks to the general public. This evaluation used a process incorporating risk-based corrective action (RBCA); a three-tiered, decision-making process tailoring corrective action activities according to site-specific conditions and risks. If RBCA had been applied at the start of the UMTRA Project, and using a criterion of >1 excess cancer death prevented as justification to remediate the site, only 50% of the existing sites would have been remediated, yielding a cost savings of $303.6 million to the Federal Government and affected States, which share 10% of the cost. This cost savings equates to 21% of the overall project budget. In addition, only 22% of the vicinity properties had structural contamination contributing to elevated interior gamma exposure and radon levels. Focusing only on these particular properties could have saved an additional $269.3 million, yielding a total savings of $573 million; 40% of the overall project budget. As operational experience is acquired, including greater understanding of the radiological and nonradiological risks, decisions should be based on the RBCA process, rather than relying on conservative assumptions that tend to overestimate risks to the general public.

  6. 40 CFR 745.226 - Certification of individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: target housing and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...appropriate work practice standards for lead-based paint activities...constitutes evidence of a failure...engaged in lead-based paint activities...with the work practice standards established...local lead-based paint statutes...constitutes evidence of a...

  7. 40 CFR 745.226 - Certification of individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: target housing and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...appropriate work practice standards for lead-based paint activities...constitutes evidence of a failure...engaged in lead-based paint activities...with the work practice standards established...local lead-based paint statutes...constitutes evidence of a...

  8. 40 CFR 745.226 - Certification of individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: target housing and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...appropriate work practice standards for lead-based paint activities...constitutes evidence of a failure...engaged in lead-based paint activities...with the work practice standards established...local lead-based paint statutes...constitutes evidence of a...

  9. 40 CFR 745.226 - Certification of individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: target housing and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...appropriate work practice standards for lead-based paint activities...constitutes evidence of a failure...engaged in lead-based paint activities...with the work practice standards established...local lead-based paint statutes...constitutes evidence of a...

  10. Environmental gas displacement: three accidental deaths in the workplace.

    PubMed

    Gill, James R; Ely, Susan F; Hua, Zhongxue

    2002-03-01

    The authors describe three accidental deaths resulting from occupational hazards involving environmental gas alterations. One involved the displacement of oxygen caused by leakage of liquid nitrogen during the installation of a magnetic resonance imaging system. Two involved elevated environmental carbon dioxide concentrations: dry ice sublimation in a walk-in refrigerator in a research laboratory, and activation of a carbon dioxide fire alarm-extinguisher system by a woman locked in a bank vault. The autopsy findings, scene investigations, and certifications of these deaths, as related to the mechanisms of death, are discussed. PMID:11953489

  11. Competency/Performance-Based Certification; The Latest Scientific Management Effluvium? Or the Answer for Which We Have Waited?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vanderpool, J. Alden

    The fatal flaw of competency/performance-based teacher education (C/PBTE) is the lack of empirical knowledge on teacher behavior as it relates to pupil outcomes. Competencies identified have been based on reason, logic, and experience--all insufficient without empirical evidence. It seems that many accusations against C/PBTE are justified, and it…

  12. Atomic oxygen interaction with spacecraft materials: Relationship between orbital and ground-based testing for materials certification

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cross, Jon B.; Koontz, Steven L.; Lan, Esther H.

    1993-01-01

    The effects of atomic oxygen on boron nitride (BN), silicon nitride (Si3N4), Intelsat 6 solar cell interconnects, organic polymers, and MoS2 and WS2 dry lubricant, were studied in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) flight experiments and in a ground based simulation facility. Both the inflight and ground based experiments employed in situ electrical resistance measurements to detect penetration of atomic oxygen through materials and Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (ESCA) analysis to measure chemical composition changes. Results are given. The ground based results on the materials studied to date show good qualitative correlation with the LEO flight results, thus validating the simulation fidelity of the ground based facility in terms of reproducing LEO flight results. In addition it was demonstrated that ground based simulation is capable of performing more detailed experiments than orbital exposures can presently perform. This allows the development of a fundamental understanding of the mechanisms involved in the LEO environment degradation of materials.

  13. Certification programs target CM departments.

    PubMed

    1998-12-01

    Two organizations--the Commission on Accreditation for Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF) and the American Accreditation HealthCare Commission/URAC--are developing accreditation standards for case management departments. Both will be available sometime next year. Just as certification has helped establish a benchmark for individual practice, these organizations hope their programs will establish larger-scale benchmarks for whole departments. It's expected that the CARF standards will be geared more toward acute care, while the Commission/URAC will apply more to payer-based programs. PMID:10187574

  14. Rehabilitation Counselor Certification: Moving Forward

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saunders, Jodi L.; Barros-Bailey, Mary; Chapman, Cindy; Nunez, Patricia

    2009-01-01

    This article provides a brief history of the Commission on Rehabilitation Counselor Certification and presents recent changes and strategic goals for moving forward. Challenges and opportunities for the profession in relation to certification are also discussed. (Contains 3 tables.)

  15. RESEARCH SUBJECT CERTIFICATION OF PARTICIPATION

    E-print Network

    Yamamoto, Keith

    RESEARCH SUBJECT CERTIFICATION OF PARTICIPATION DATE ________________________________ CHR APPROVAL. ________________________________________________ Signature of Participant ALTERNATE CERTIFICATION TO BE USED WHEN OBTAINING SUBJECT SIGNATURE WOULD BE INAPPROPRIATE: I CERTIFY THAT THE ABOVE NAMED RESEARCH SUBJECT PARTICIPATED IN THE REFERENCED PROJECT AND IS DUE

  16. Midcourse Space Experiment Data Certification and Technology Transfer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pollock, David B.

    1998-01-01

    The Midcourse Space Experiment spacecraft, launched April 24, 1996, is expected to have a 5 year useful lifetime with a 12 month lifetime for the cryogenically cooled IR sensor. A pre-launch, ground based calibration of the instruments provided a basis for the pre-launch certification of the Level 2 data base these instruments produce. With the spacecraft in-orbit the certification of the instrument's Level 2 data base is being extended to the in-orbit environment.

  17. Consensus Recommendations on Rater Training and Certification

    PubMed Central

    Daniel, David G.; Opler, Mark; Wise-Rankovic, Alexandria; Kalali, Amir

    2014-01-01

    There is currently no accepted standard for the clinical research industry to follow when selecting and training raters to administer rating scales in clinical neuroscience trials. This article offers guidelines, based on expert recommendations of the CNS Summit Rater Training and Certification Committee, for selecting, training, and evaluating raters. The article also defines terminology and offers recommendations for considering raters with prior training and certification. These guidelines are intended for investigators, pharmaceutical companies, contract research organizations, and other entities involved in clinical neuroscience trials. PMID:25621182

  18. The certification process. History and significance for addictions nursing practice.

    PubMed

    Nelson, N

    1989-03-01

    The addictions nursing certification process will become a reality for the nurse. Ideally, this process will provide a method of ensuring quality care while maintaining self-regulation by the profession. The literature supports certification based on standards of care as a measure of that quality of care and as a voluntary mechanism selected by the practicing nurse. Many professional issues lie ahead for specialty nursing practice in the 1990s. The addictions nursing certification established by the NNSA offers a quality basis for certification implementation. The addictions nursing practice certification credential can provide the acknowledgement that the nurse has mastered a body of knowledge and skills reflective of a specialty nursing area. PMID:2646609

  19. In vitro study of cell death with 5-aminolevulinic acid based photodynamic therapy to improve the efficiency of cancer treatment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Firdous, S.; Nawaz, M.; Ikram, M.; Ahmed, M.

    2012-03-01

    Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a kind of photochemo therapeutic treatment that exerts its effect mainly through the induction of cell death. Distinct types of cell death may be elicited by different PDT regimes. In this study, efforts are underway to optimize PDT protocols for improved efficacy and combination of all three PDT mechanisms involved in the different human carcinomas cell narcosis. Our in vitro cell culture experiments with 5-aminolevulanic acid (ALA) a clinically approved photiosensitizer (PS) and 635 nm laser light have yielded promising results, as follow: (1) (human cervical cancer (HeLa) cell line incubated, for 18 h, with 30 ?g/ml of 5-ALA, treated with laser light dose of 50 J/cm2 can produce 85% of cell killing (2) human larynx carcinoma (Hep2c) cell line incubated, for 7 h, with 55 ?g/ml of 5-ALA, treated with laser light dose of 85 J/cm2 can produce 75% of cell killing (3) human liver cancer (HepG2) cell line incubated, for 22-48 h, with 262 ?g/ml of 5-ALA, treated with laser light dose of 120 J/cm2 can produce 95% of cell killing (4) human muscle cancer (RD) cell line incubated, for 47 h, with 250 ?g/ml of 5-ALA, treated with laser light dose of 80 J/cm2 can produce 76% of cell killing (5) Human embryonic kidney (HEK293T) cell line incu-bated, for 18 h, with 400 ?g/ml of 5-ALA, treated with laser light dose of 40 J/cm2 can produce 82% of cell killing confirming the efficacy of photodynamic therapy.

  20. Evidence for a heritable predisposition to death due to influenza.

    PubMed

    Albright, Frederick S; Orlando, Patricia; Pavia, Andrew T; Jackson, George G; Cannon Albright, Lisa A

    2008-01-01

    Animal model studies and human epidemiological studies have shown that some infectious diseases develop primarily in individuals with an inherited predisposition. A heritable contribution to the development of severe influenza virus infection (i.e., that which results in death) has not previously been hypothesized or tested. Evidence for a heritable contribution to death due to influenza was examined using a resource consisting of a genealogy of the Utah population linked to death certificates in Utah over a period of 100 years. The relative risks of death due to influenza were estimated for the relatives of 4,855 individuals who died of influenza. Both close and distant relatives of individuals who died of influenza were shown to have a significantly increased risk of dying of influenza, consistent with a combination of shared exposure and genetic effects. These data provide strong support for a heritable contribution to predisposition to death due to influenza. PMID:18171280

  1. Adequacy of contract grammars for component certification

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Adequacy of contract grammars for component certification Alejandra Ruiz, Huascar Espinoza ICT.kelly@cs.york.ac.uk Abstract-- The use of contracts in component-based development is a well-established approach. However there exists a wide range of views as to the nature of the contracts that are necessary to support safety

  2. A Collaborative, Alternative Teacher Certification Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Securro, Samuel, Jr.; And Others

    In the summer of 1986, three institutions (West Virginia State College, West Virigina College of Graduate Studies, and West Virgina Institute of Technology) consorted to design an alternative teacher certification program to attract and retain a qualified pool of mathematics and science teachers. Known as the Field-Based Training Program (FBTP),…

  3. Graduate Certificate in Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

    E-print Network

    Graduate Certificate in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Texas A&M University GIS technologies 651/BAEN 651 ­ Geographic Information Systems · GEOG 660 ­ Applications for GIS Intermediate Level (Both are required) 6 hours · ESSM 652/BAEN 652 ­ Advanced Topics in GIS · GEOG 665 ­ GIS ­ based

  4. 20142015 FAFSA Certification Student's Name: ________________________________________________________

    E-print Network

    Rosen, Jay

    2014­2015 FAFSA Certification Student's Name: ____________________________________________________ Please read, sign, and date: If you are the student, by signing the FAFSA certification, you certify or the student, by signing the FAFSA certification, you certify that all of the information you provided is true

  5. Liquid rocket engine flight certification

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Richards, Steve

    1991-01-01

    The following subject areas are covered: current rocket engine certification process; certification issues; engine characteristics; engine design and mission requirements; structural design criteria; structural design factors of safety; component/subsystem testing; system level development tests; certification/qualification tests; observations; and proposed actions/programs.

  6. Geographical associations between aluminium in drinking water and death rates with dementia (including Alzheimer's disease), Parkinson's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in Norway

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Trond Peder Flaten

    1990-01-01

    Comparisons of maps and correlation and regression analysis indicate a geographical association between aluminium (Al) in drinking water and registered death rates with dementia (coded from death certificates as the underlying or a contributory cause of death) in Norway. High levels of Al in drinking water are in most cases related to acid precipitation. In general, correlations between aggregate environmental

  7. Personnel Issues in School-Based Physical Therapy: A Look at Supply and Demand, Professional Preparation, Licensure, and Certification

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rapport, Mary Jane K.; Effgen, Susan K.

    2004-01-01

    Physical therapy in school settings focuses on outcomes and is based on meeting the educational needs of the child or student. Despite the expansion in delivery models beyond direct one-to-one intervention, and the use of multiple team members, to achieve outcomes for students in educational environments, there continue to be shortages of physical…

  8. VAE Pre-Certification Teacher Education Program: Competencies and Performance Objectives. Competency-Based Teacher Education Series No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wayne State Univ., Detroit, MI. Dept. of Vocational and Applied Arts Education.

    This booklet is one of a series which describes a competency-based teacher education program developed by the staff of the Department of Vocational and Applied Arts Education at Wayne State University. The program consists of competencies, performance objectives, needs assessment, delivery systems, and evaluation, and this booklet contains the…

  9. Is it possible and worth keeping track of deaths within general practice? Results of a 15 year observational study

    PubMed Central

    Beaumont, B; Hurwitz, B

    2003-01-01

    Aim: To assess the value of maintaining a death register in a general practice with particular reference to monitoring quality of care. Design of study: Observational study. Setting: Inner London general practice. Method: The practice maintained a manual death register, retained medical records of all deceased patients, and requested information on cause of death from health authorities and coroners for 15 years. Main outcome measures: Number and causes of deaths; 3 yearly age standardised death rates; proportion of deaths formally notified to the practice; place of death; source of cause of death information. Results: During the study period 578 patients died. Practice age standardised death rates fell significantly from 35.59 to 27.12/1000. 498 (86.2%) deaths were formally notified to the practice, 392 within 7 days of death. Of 143 deaths reported to the coroner, only 45 coroners' reports were received. 360 (64.1%) died in hospital, 139 (24.8%) at home, and 38 (6.8%) in a hospice. Death certificate cause of death information was obtained from patients' records in 33.6% (n=194) of cases and from health authority sources for 50% (n=289). The pattern of ascertained causes of deaths was similar to the national pattern. Conclusion: A death register can examine trends in practice deaths by age and place of death and comparisons undertaken with nationally published mortality data. An accurate picture of cause of death cannot be generated from routine data flows alone. There is delay in informing GPs of patient deaths. Meaningful and timely monitoring of deaths cannot be undertaken by individual practices. National Statistics should provide routine analysis of GP death certificate information. PMID:14532364

  10. Pharmacy Technician Certification Board

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Pharmacy Technician Certification Board, the national credentialing body for pharmacy technicians "develops, maintains, promotes and administers a high-quality certification and recertification program for pharmacy technicians." As a way to meet these goals, the PTCB has developed a very useful site filled with resources for their users. Offering materials such as a practice exam, detailed information about the exam requirements and needs, career descriptions and occupational outlook estimates, newsletters and presentation materials, the site is a one-stop introduction to the field of pharmacy technician practice.

  11. Cohorts based on Decade of Death: No Evidence for Secular Trends Favoring Later Cohorts in Cognitive Aging and Terminal Decline in the AHEAD Study

    PubMed Central

    Hülür, Gizem; Infurna, Frank J.; Ram, Nilam; Gerstorf, Denis

    2012-01-01

    Studies of birth-year cohorts examined over the same age range often report secular trends favoring later-born cohorts, who are cognitively fitter and show less steep cognitive declines than earlier-born cohorts. However, there is initial evidence that those advantages of later-born cohorts do not carry into the last years of life, suggesting that pervasive mortality-related processes minimize differences that were apparent earlier in life. Elaborating this work from an alternative perspective on cohort differences, we compared rates of cognitive aging and terminal decline in episodic memory between cohorts based on the year participants had died, earlier (between 1993 and 1999) or later in historical time (between 2000 and 2010). Specifically, we compared trajectories of cognitive decline in two death-year cohorts of participants in the Asset and Health Dynamics among the Oldest Old (AHEAD) Study that were matched on age at death and education and controlled for a variety of additional covariates. Results revealed little evidence of secular trends favoring later cohorts. To the contrary, the cohort that died in the 2000s showed a less favorable trajectory of age-related memory decline than the cohort who died in the 1990s. In examinations of change in relation to time-to-death, the cohort dying in the 2000s experienced even steeper terminal declines than the cohort dying in the 1990s. We suggest that secular increases in “manufacturing” survival may exacerbate age- and mortality-related cognitive declines among the oldest old. PMID:23046001

  12. Miami University Certificate Disclosure Information Miami University's certificate programs can be completed in one academic year if enrolled full-

    E-print Network

    Dollar, Anna

    Miami University Certificate Disclosure Information Miami University's certificate programs can a certificate. For more information about Miami's certificate programs, see The Miami University Bulletin http

  13. Expert system-based mineral mapping in northern Death Valley, California/Nevada, using the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kruse, F. A.; Lefkoff, A. B.; Dietz, J. B.

    1993-01-01

    Integrated analysis of imaging spectrometer data and field spectral measurements were used in conjunction with conventional geologic field mapping to characterize bedrock and surficial geology at the northern end of Death Valley, California and Nevada. A knowledge-based expert system was used to automatically produce image maps showing the principal surface mineralogy from Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data. Linear spectral unmixing of the AVIRIS data allowed further determination of relative mineral, abundances and identification of mineral assemblages and mixtures. The imaging spectrometer data show the spatial distribution of spectrally distinct minerals occurring both as primary rockforming minerals and as alteration and weathering products. Field spectral measurements were used to verify the mineral maps and field mapping was used to extend the remote sensing results. Geographically referenced image maps produced from these data form new base maps from which to develop improved understanding of the processes of deposition and erosion affecting the present land surface.

  14. Certification Considerations for Adaptive Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bhattacharyya, Siddhartha; Cofer, Darren; Musliner, David J.; Mueller, Joseph; Engstrom, Eric

    2015-01-01

    Advanced capabilities planned for the next generation of aircraft, including those that will operate within the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen), will necessarily include complex new algorithms and non-traditional software elements. These aircraft will likely incorporate adaptive control algorithms that will provide enhanced safety, autonomy, and robustness during adverse conditions. Unmanned aircraft will operate alongside manned aircraft in the National Airspace (NAS), with intelligent software performing the high-level decision-making functions normally performed by human pilots. Even human-piloted aircraft will necessarily include more autonomy. However, there are serious barriers to the deployment of new capabilities, especially for those based upon software including adaptive control (AC) and artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms. Current civil aviation certification processes are based on the idea that the correct behavior of a system must be completely specified and verified prior to operation. This report by Rockwell Collins and SIFT documents our comprehensive study of the state of the art in intelligent and adaptive algorithms for the civil aviation domain, categorizing the approaches used and identifying gaps and challenges associated with certification of each approach.

  15. Mortality Inequality in 1-59 Months Children Across Iranian Provinces: Referring System and Determinants of Death Based on Hospital Records

    PubMed Central

    Amiri, Masoud; Lornejad, Hamid Reza; Barakati, Sayyed Hamed; Motlagh, Mohammad Esmaeil; Kelishadi, Roya; Poursafa, Parinaz

    2013-01-01

    Background: To determine inequality in mortality in 1-59 months children across Iranian provinces focusing on referring system and determinants of death. Methods: After designing and examining a national questionnaire for mortality data collection of children 1-59 months, 40 medical universities have been asked to fill in the questionnaires and return to the main researcher in the health ministry in 2009. Results: Mortality in 1-59 months children was unequally distributed across provinces (universities). The recommended refer was 3466 but only 1620 patients were referred. The first five important determinants of death were congenital (671 children or 20.9%), accident (547 children or 17.1%), pulmonary diseases (370 children or 11.5%), cardiovascular (266 children or less than 8.3%), central nervous system (263 children or 8.2%), and infectious and parasitic diseases (245 children or 7.6%), respectively. Conclusions: Our results suggest that inequality in 1-59 months mortality based on the hospital records, and specially referring system, needs more attention in Iran. In addition, it is advisable to conduct provincially representative surveys to provide recent estimates of hospital access inequalities and to allow monitoring over time. PMID:23626882

  16. Postoperative myocardial infarction and cardiac death. Predictive value of dipyridamole-thallium imaging and five clinical scoring systems based on multifactorial analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Lette, J.; Waters, D.; Lassonde, J.; Dube, S.; Heyen, F.; Picard, M.; Morin, M. (Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital, Montreal (Canada))

    1990-01-01

    Sixty-six patients unable to complete a standard preoperative exercise test because of physical limitations were studied to determine the predictive value of individual clinical parameters, of clinical scoring systems based on multifactorial analysis, and of dipyridamole-thallium imaging before major general and vascular surgery. Study endpoints were limited to postoperative myocardial infarction or cardiac death before hospital discharge. There were nine postoperative cardiac events (seven deaths and two nonfatal infarctions). There was no statistical correlation between cardiac events and preoperative clinical descriptors, including individual clinical parameters, the Dripps-American Surgical Association score, the Goldman Cardiac Risk Index score, the Detsky Modified Cardiac Risk Index score, Eagle's clinical markers of low surgical risk, and the probability of postoperative events as determined by Cooperman's equation. There were no cardiac events in 30 patients with normal dipyridamole-thallium scans or in nine patients with fixed myocardial perfusion defects. Of 21 patients with reversible perfusion defects who underwent surgery, nine had a postoperative cardiac event (sensitivity, 100%; specificity, 43%). In the six other patients with reversible defects, preoperative angiography showed severe coronary disease or cardiomyopathy. Thus in patients unable to complete a standard exercise stress test, postoperative outcome cannot be predicted clinically before major general and vascular surgery, whereas dipyridamole-thallium imaging successfully identified all patients who sustained a postoperative cardiac event.

  17. Reduced death threat in near-death experiencers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce Greyson

    1992-01-01

    Near-death experiences (NDEs), profound mystical or transcendental experiences occurring on the threshold of death, have been reported to reduce fear of death and death anxiety. This study compared responses to the Threat Index, a widely used measure of the threat implied by one's personal death, of (a) 135 near-death experiences, (b) 43 individuals who had come close to death but

  18. Java Programming Certificate Program

    E-print Network

    Loudon, Catherine

    Java Programming Certificate Program COMPUTER PROGRAMMING The Java programming language lies that fuel the Internet economy. In addition, the portability inherent in Java is useful for programming are likely to encounter projects in the near future that require knowledge of Java. Who Should Enroll

  19. Java Programming Certificate Program

    E-print Network

    Loudon, Catherine

    Java Programming Certificate Program COMPUTER PROGRAMMING The Java programming language lies that fuel the Internet economy. In addition, the portability inherent in Java is useful for programming languages are likely to encounter projects in the near future that require knowledge of Java. Who Should

  20. Second Language Education Certificate

    E-print Network

    The faculty members in Second Language Education program have earned their degrees from leading universitiesSecond Language Education Certificate Language learning matters. More than 5,000 languages are spoken around the globe today, making language learning an essential ingredient to give you a real

  1. Certificate Medical Imaging Sciences

    E-print Network

    Cheng, Mei-Fang

    for financial aid information is at the Student Financial Aid Office. visit: rbhs of a Radiologist Assistant The credits earned in the Radiologic Imaging Modalities certificate program can in Medical Imaging Science Radiologic Imaging Modalities (BS MIS RIM) program. Upon successful completion

  2. School Nursing Certification Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Selekman, Janice; Wolfe, Linda C.

    2010-01-01

    The 2010 update to the resource you have been waiting for to help you prepare to take the National School Nurse Certification Exam. Dr. Janice Selekman DNSc, RN, NCSN, a recognized expert in pediatric nursing, and NASN Past President Linda C. Wolfe MEd, BSN, RN, NCSN, FNASN are the authors. This text was created in response to many years of…

  3. Certificate Request for

    E-print Network

    Galles, David

    provide documented evidence of rehabilitation, such as proof of completion of drug or alcohol programs were satisfied, and · court order expunging the record or a certification of rehabilitation examination by a clinical psychologist; and your own statement describing your rehabilitative efforts

  4. Boat Operator Certification

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    On September 16, 2014 staff from the Maine Office headed to the Kennebec River in Gardiner for their boat operator re-certification. The USGS routinely uses manned boats for discharge measurements on rivers throughout the state and after our initial training, are re-certified every 5 years. In this...

  5. What is organic certification?

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Certified organic crop production is a holistic approach to sustainable and healthy food production to enhance the well being of the consumer, while protecting natural resources. Organic certification was implemented by the National Organic Program (NOP) in 2002 in recognition of the necessity for c...

  6. PWRC Certification of Geosynthetics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Akagi; S. Chida; C. Yamamoto; H. Miki

    The Public Works Research Center (PWRC) has been engaged in certification of various geosynthetic products for civil engineering uses since 1987. In response to an application made by manufacturers and related parties, PWRC examines their products by reviewing critically the submitted laboratory and field test results together with the actual performance records, interviews applicants for discussion, requests additional data, and

  7. God's dominion over death.

    PubMed

    Schulling, Sharon

    2012-01-01

    This article briefly overviews the criteria for and physiological process of death, contrasting physical death with biblical passages revealing how God interceded in this universal process when Jesus was on earth. PMID:22359838

  8. Clinical molecular testing: subspecialty, entry-level or specialist certification?

    PubMed

    Lennon, Alan; Hu, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Some clinical laboratories require workers who have basic knowledge in molecular techniques (such as fluorescent in situ hybridization and polymerase chain reaction). Exclusively molecular diagnostic laboratories need workers to be competent in a variety of cutting edge molecular technologies, such as DNA sequencing, array-based comparative genomic hybridization, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and many other techniques. Having only one certification for molecular biology at the entry level, as newly prescribed by the Board of Certification, doesn't accurately define the two very differently trained types of people these differing types of laboratories require. Creating a second molecular certification, at the specialist level, would address this issue positively. PMID:22288217

  9. Children's Experience with Death.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeligs, Rose

    Children's concepts of death grow with their age and development The three-year-old begins to notice that living things move and make sounds. The five-year-old thinks that life and death are reversable, but the six-year-old knows that death is final and brings sorrow. Children from eight through ten are interested in the causes of death and what…

  10. Death to Critique and Dissent? The Policies and Practices of New Managerialism and of 'Evidence-based Practice'

    Microsoft Academic Search

    BRONWYN DAVIES

    2003-01-01

    In this article, the author develops a critique of new managerialism and of its implications for the professional work of scholars and teachers. She then critiques 'evidence-based practice' as it is being developed for schools. She argues that it is only possible to make sense of the policies and practices of the evidence-based practice movement within the framework of new

  11. Shame, Death, and Dying

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ramón Martínez de Pisón Liébanas

    2002-01-01

    This paper deals with the influence of shame on the way in which Western society, particularly North America, is coping with death and dying. From being a familiar event, death and dying have become a shameful aspect of life. Thus, this paper provides some understanding of this important transformation, and it challenges some of our present attitudes regarding death and

  12. Certification plan for safety and PRA codes

    SciTech Connect

    Toffer, H.; Crowe, R.D. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Ades, M.J. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)

    1990-05-01

    A certification plan for computer codes used in Safety Analyses and Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) for the operation of the Savannah River Site (SRS) reactors has been prepared. An action matrix, checklists, and a time schedule have been included in the plan. These items identify what is required to achieve certification of the codes. A list of Safety Analysis and Probabilistic Risk Assessment (SA&PRA) computer codes covered by the certification plan has been assembled. A description of each of the codes was provided in Reference 4. The action matrix for the configuration control plan identifies code specific requirements that need to be met to achieve the certification plan`s objectives. The checklist covers the specific procedures that are required to support the configuration control effort and supplement the software life cycle procedures based on QAP 20-1 (Reference 7). A qualification checklist for users establishes the minimum prerequisites and training for achieving levels of proficiency in using configuration controlled codes for critical parameter calculations.

  13. Certification plan for safety and PRA codes

    SciTech Connect

    Toffer, H.; Crowe, R.D. (Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)); Ades, M.J. (Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States))

    1990-05-01

    A certification plan for computer codes used in Safety Analyses and Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) for the operation of the Savannah River Site (SRS) reactors has been prepared. An action matrix, checklists, and a time schedule have been included in the plan. These items identify what is required to achieve certification of the codes. A list of Safety Analysis and Probabilistic Risk Assessment (SA PRA) computer codes covered by the certification plan has been assembled. A description of each of the codes was provided in Reference 4. The action matrix for the configuration control plan identifies code specific requirements that need to be met to achieve the certification plan's objectives. The checklist covers the specific procedures that are required to support the configuration control effort and supplement the software life cycle procedures based on QAP 20-1 (Reference 7). A qualification checklist for users establishes the minimum prerequisites and training for achieving levels of proficiency in using configuration controlled codes for critical parameter calculations.

  14. Evaluating the quality of dying and death.

    PubMed

    Patrick, D L; Engelberg, R A; Curtis, J R

    2001-09-01

    We propose a model for evaluating the quality of dying and death based on concepts elicited from literature review, qualitative interviews with persons with and without chronic and terminal conditions, and consideration of desirable measurement properties. We define quality of dying and death as the degree to which a person's preferences for dying and the moment of death agree with observations of how the person actually died, as reported by others. Expected level of agreement is modified by circumstances surrounding death that may prevent following patient's prior preferences. Qualitative data analysis yielded six conceptual domains: symptoms and personal care, preparation for death, moment of death, family, treatment preferences, and whole person concerns. These domains encompass 31 aspects that can be rated by patients and others as to their importance prior to death and assessed by significant others or clinicians after death to assess the quality of the dying experience. The proposed model uses personal preferences about the dying experience to inform evaluation of this experience by others after death. This operational definition will guide validation of after-death reports of the quality of dying experience and evaluation of interventions to improve quality of end-of-life care. PMID:11532585

  15. Sudden cardiac death.

    PubMed

    Kuriachan, Vikas P; Sumner, Glen L; Mitchell, L Brent

    2015-04-01

    Sudden death accounts for 300,000-400,000 deaths annually in the United States. Most sudden deaths are cardiac, and most sudden cardiac deaths are related to arrhythmias secondary to structural heart disease or primary electrical abnormalities of the heart. The most common structural disease leading to sudden death is ischemic heart disease. Nonischemic cardiomyopathy and other structural abnormalities such as arrhythmogenic ventricular dysplasia and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may also be causative. Patients without structural disease have a primary electrical abnormality, such as long-QT syndrome or Brugada syndrome. Severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction is the main marker for sudden death in patients with ischemic or nonischemic cardiomyopathy. In other conditions, other markers for structural heart disease and electrical abnormalities need to be considered. It is seen that ?-blocker therapy is associated with a reduction in sudden cardiac death across a broad range of disorders. Nevertheless, the implantable cardioverter defibrillator remains the most effective treatment strategy in selected patients. PMID:25813838

  16. 7 CFR 35.7 - Certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS EXPORT GRAPES AND PLUMS Definitions § 35.7 Certificate. Certificate...inspection certificate, bearing the statement “meets Export Grape and Plum Act,” issued by the Federal or...

  17. 7 CFR 35.7 - Certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS EXPORT GRAPES AND PLUMS Definitions § 35.7 Certificate. Certificate...inspection certificate, bearing the statement “meets Export Grape and Plum Act,” issued by the Federal or...

  18. 7 CFR 35.7 - Certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS EXPORT GRAPES AND PLUMS Definitions § 35.7 Certificate. Certificate...inspection certificate, bearing the statement “meets Export Grape and Plum Act,” issued by the Federal or...

  19. 10 CFR 1046.16 - Training certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Training certification. 1046...Personnel § 1046.16 Training certification...completed all applicable training and qualification...contractor shall maintain records of certification for...force, unless a longer retention period is...

  20. 10 CFR 1046.16 - Training certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Training certification. 1046...Personnel § 1046.16 Training certification...completed all applicable training and qualification...contractor shall maintain records of certification for...force, unless a longer retention period is...

  1. 10 CFR 1046.16 - Training certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Training certification. 1046...Personnel § 1046.16 Training certification...completed all applicable training and qualification...contractor shall maintain records of certification for...force, unless a longer retention period is...

  2. 10 CFR 1046.16 - Training certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Training certification. 1046...Personnel § 1046.16 Training certification...completed all applicable training and qualification...contractor shall maintain records of certification for...force, unless a longer retention period is...

  3. Revised 9/10 DECLARE A CERTIFICATE

    E-print Network

    : http://www.ncsu.edu/nds/certificates/grad/index.html For a list of Undergraduate Certificates, please see: http://www.ncsu.edu/nds/certificates/undergrad/index.html Submit the signed form to Registration

  4. 20 CFR 655.53 - Denied certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Denied certification. 655.53 Section 655.53 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING...H-2B Workers) Labor Certification Determinations § 655.53 Denied certification. If a temporary...

  5. 20 CFR 655.163 - Certification fee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Certification fee. 655.163 Section 655.163 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING...H-2A Workers) Labor Certification Determinations § 655.163 Certification fee. A determination by...

  6. 15 CFR 995.12 - Certification designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES CERTIFICATION...DISTRIBUTORS OF NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS Certification and Procedures...NOAA ENC Distributor” on products and marketing materials....

  7. 10 CFR 76.65 - Inalienability of certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...certificates. 76.65 Section 76.65 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Certification § 76.65 Inalienability of certificates. The certificate granted under the regulations in...

  8. 10 CFR 76.65 - Inalienability of certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...certificates. 76.65 Section 76.65 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Certification § 76.65 Inalienability of certificates. The certificate granted under the regulations in...

  9. 10 CFR 76.51 - Conditions of certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...certification. 76.51 Section 76.51 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Certification § 76.51 Conditions of certification. The Corporation shall comply with the certificate of...

  10. 10 CFR 76.51 - Conditions of certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...certification. 76.51 Section 76.51 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Certification § 76.51 Conditions of certification. The Corporation shall comply with the certificate of...

  11. 10 CFR 76.65 - Inalienability of certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...certificates. 76.65 Section 76.65 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Certification § 76.65 Inalienability of certificates. The certificate granted under the regulations in...

  12. 10 CFR 76.51 - Conditions of certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...certification. 76.51 Section 76.51 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Certification § 76.51 Conditions of certification. The Corporation shall comply with the certificate of...

  13. 10 CFR 76.65 - Inalienability of certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...certificates. 76.65 Section 76.65 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Certification § 76.65 Inalienability of certificates. The certificate granted under the regulations in...

  14. 10 CFR 76.65 - Inalienability of certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...certificates. 76.65 Section 76.65 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Certification § 76.65 Inalienability of certificates. The certificate granted under the regulations in...

  15. 10 CFR 76.51 - Conditions of certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...certification. 76.51 Section 76.51 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Certification § 76.51 Conditions of certification. The Corporation shall comply with the certificate of...

  16. 10 CFR 76.51 - Conditions of certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...certification. 76.51 Section 76.51 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Certification § 76.51 Conditions of certification. The Corporation shall comply with the certificate of...

  17. 42 CFR 493.57 - Requirements for a registration certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Certificate of Accreditation...certificate is required for all laboratories seeking a certificate of accreditation, unless the laboratory holds a valid certificate of...

  18. 42 CFR 493.57 - Requirements for a registration certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Certificate of Accreditation...certificate is required for all laboratories seeking a certificate of accreditation, unless the laboratory holds a valid certificate of...

  19. 42 CFR 493.57 - Requirements for a registration certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Certificate of Accreditation...certificate is required for all laboratories seeking a certificate of accreditation, unless the laboratory holds a valid certificate of...

  20. 42 CFR 493.57 - Requirements for a registration certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Certificate of Accreditation...certificate is required for all laboratories seeking a certificate of accreditation, unless the laboratory holds a valid certificate of...

  1. Efficient Certificate Management in VANET

    E-print Network

    Samara, Ghassan

    2012-01-01

    Vehicular Ad hoc Networks is one of the most challenging research area in the field of Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, in this research We propose a flexible, simple, and scalable design for VANET certificates, and new methods for efficient certificate management, which will Reduce channel overhead by eliminating the use of CRL, and make Better certificate Revocation Management. Also it will increase the security of the network and helps in identifying the adversary vehicle.

  2. Organic Production and Certification

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Minnesota Department of Agriculture\\'s Sustainable Agriculture Program provides farmers and consumers with information on organic production practices and certification. The \\"What\\'s New\\" section on the front page of the site includes recent issues in the agricultural field. Agricultural organizations, news and events, and farming systems are all mapped out in detail on the site. Users are also given access to University of Minnesota research on agriculture.

  3. TORT certification package

    SciTech Connect

    Frost, R.L.

    1993-10-01

    The TORT code has been certified. TORT is a three-dimensional discrete ordinates transport theory code, than can solve neutron, photon, or coupled neutron/photon problems. The code will be used primarily for shielding and radiation field calculations SRS. As defined in this work, certification dies not imply validation. The code must be validated for a particular type of calculation before it can be used for critical applications.

  4. Description of deaths on easter island, 2000-2012 period.

    PubMed

    Bravo, Eduardo Francisco; Saint-Pierre, Gustavo Enrique; Yaikin, Pabla Javiera; Meier, Martina Jose

    2014-01-01

    Easter Island is a small island of 180 km2, located 3,800 km from the Chilean coast and one of the most isolated inhabited places in the world. Since the mid-twentieth century, it has been undergoing an epidemiological transition in relation to the causes of death, from a predominance of infectious to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular ailments and cancer. The aim of this study is to describe the causes of death to Easter Island between 2000 and 2012, so the statistical records of Hanga Roa Hospital and death certificates were reviewed. The period under review of 13 years there was a total of 252 deaths, an average to 19.3 deaths per year. The most frequent causes of death found in the general population of Easter Island were cardiovascular diseases (25.4%), followed by neoplasms (23.4%), accidents (18.6%). Related to Rapa Nui people, cardiovascular and neoplastic diseases (both 26.7%) predominate, while in the population without belonging to the ethnic group the main causes were traumatic (25%) and cardiovascular (22.2%). Comparing the leading causes of death of Easter Island with mainland Chile, it can be seen how they resemble. Taking the island death profile, it is necessary to work on public health strategies aimed to this, considering that some of the causes are completely preventable. PMID:25556431

  5. Mitigating Circumstances in Death Penalty Decisions: Using Evidence-Based Research to Inform Social Work Practice in Capital Trials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schroeder, Julie; Guin, Cecile C.; Pogue, Rene; Bordelon, Danna

    2006-01-01

    Providing an effective defense for individuals charged with capital crimes requires a diligent, thorough investigation by a mitigation specialist. However, research suggests that mitigation often plays a small role in the decision for life. Jurors often make sentencing decisions prematurely, basing those decisions on their personal reactions to…

  6. Security certificate revocation list distribution for vanet

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth P. Laberteaux; Jason J. Haas; Yih-chun Hu

    2008-01-01

    In a VANET, a certificate authority issues keys and certifi- cates to vehicles. Each vehicle distributes these certificates to other VANET participants and subsequently signs mes- sages against these certificates. If the certificate authority needs to revoke a certificate (e.g. due to a breach of trust), it universally distributes a certificate revocation list. We pro- pose a method for car-to-car

  7. Reviving brain death: a functionalist view.

    PubMed

    Lipuma, Samuel H; DeMarco, Joseph P

    2013-10-01

    Recently both whole brain death (WBD) and higher brain death (HBD) have come under attack. These attacks, we argue, are successful, leaving supporters of both views without a firm foundation. This state of affairs has been described as "the death of brain death." Returning to a cardiopulmonary definition presents problems we also find unacceptable. Instead, we attempt to revive brain death by offering a novel and more coherent standard of death based on the permanent cessation of mental processing. This approach works, we claim, by being functionalist instead of being based in biology, consciousness, or personhood. We begin by explaining why an objective biological determination of death fails. We continue by similarly rejecting current arguments offered in support of HBD, which rely on consciousness and/or personhood. In the final section, we explain and defend our functionalist view of death. Our definition centers on mental processing, both conscious and preconscious or unconscious. This view provides the philosophical basis of a functional definition that most accurately reflects the original spirit of brain death when first proposed in the Harvard criteria of 1968. PMID:23784534

  8. Validation of a DNA-based method for identifying Chrysomyinae (Diptera: Calliphoridae) used in a death investigation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey D. Wells; Diana W. Williams

    2007-01-01

    Many authors have proposed DNA-based methods for identifying an insect specimen associated with human remains. However, almost\\u000a no attempt has been made to validate these methods using additional observations. We tested a protocol for identifying insects\\u000a in the blow fly subfamily Chrysomyinae (Diptera: Calliphoridae) often found to be associated with a human corpse in Canada\\u000a or the USA. This method

  9. 7 CFR 201.75 - Interagency certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) FEDERAL SEED ACT FEDERAL SEED ACT REGULATIONS Certified Seed § 201.75 Interagency certification. Interagency certification may be...

  10. 7 CFR 201.75 - Interagency certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) FEDERAL SEED ACT FEDERAL SEED ACT REGULATIONS Certified Seed § 201.75 Interagency certification. Interagency certification may be...

  11. 7 CFR 205.404 - Granting certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Certification...the certifying agent. (c) Once certified, a production or handling operation's organic certification...

  12. 15 CFR 996.22 - Certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES...

  13. The Effects of Death Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freitag, Carl B.; Hassler, Shawn David

    Although fear of death is recorded in the writings of the oldest major religions, the study of death and the fear of death have only occurred for the last few decades. Death education courses have grown in number since the early 1970's. College students participated in an investigation of the effects of death education on death anxiety by…

  14. Authorization for VA Enrollment Certification Veteran Certification Office

    E-print Network

    Authorization for VA Enrollment Certification Veteran Certification Office Michigan State University 150 Administration Bldg East Lansing MI 48824 (517) 355-5032 As a Veteran or eligible person receiving benefits from the Department of Veteran Affairs, I understand that: 1. If my VA mailing address

  15. What is the Safest Way to Cross the Valley of Death: Wisdom gained from Making a Satellite based Flood Forecasting System Operational and Owned by Stakeholders

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hossain, F.

    2013-12-01

    More than a decade ago, the National Research Council report popularized the term 'Valley of Death' to describe the region where research on Weather Satellites had struggled to survive before reaching maturity for societal applications. For example, the space vantage of earth observing satellites can solve some of the world's otherwise fundamentally intractable operational problems on water resources. However, recent experiences show that many of the potential beneficiaries, who are not as familiar with water cycle remote sensing missions or anthropogenic climate studies, referred here as the ';non-traditional consumers,' may have a more skeptical view based on their current practices. This talk will focus on one such non-traditional consumer group: the water resources managers/staff in developing nations of South Asia. Using real-world examples on applications and hands-on-training to make a satellite based flood forecasting system operational, the talk will dissect the view that is shared by many water managers of Bangladesh on satellite remote sensing for day to day decision making. The talk will share the experience and wisdom generated in the successful capacity building of emerging satellite technology for water management. It will end with an overview of initiatives for more effective promotion of the value of planned water cycle satellite missions for water resources management community in the developing world.

  16. Mental health status and risk of new cardiovascular events or death in patients with myocardial infarction: a population-based cohort study

    PubMed Central

    Nielsen, Tine Jepsen; Vestergaard, Mogens; Christensen, Bo; Christensen, Kaj Sparle; Larsen, Karen Kjær

    2013-01-01

    Objective To examine the association between mental health status after first-time myocardial infarction (MI) and new cardiovascular events or death, taking into account depression and anxiety as well as clinical, sociodemographic and behavioural risk factors. Design Population-based cohort study based on questionnaires and nationwide registries. Mental health status was assessed 3?months after MI using the Mental Component Summary score from the Short-Form 12 V.2. Setting Central Denmark Region. Participants All patients hospitalised with first-time MI from 1 January 2009 through 31 December 2009 (n=880). The participants were categorised in quartiles according to the level of mental health status (first quartile=lowest mental health status). Main outcome measures Composite endpoint of new cardiovascular events (MI, heart failure, stroke/transient ischaemic attack) and all-cause mortality. Results During 1940 person-years of follow-up, 277 persons experienced a new cardiovascular event or died. The cumulative incidence following 3?years after MI increased consistently with decreasing mental health status and was 15% (95% CI 10.8% to 20.5%) for persons in the fourth quartile, 29.1% (23.5% to 35.6%) in the third quartile, 37.0% (30.9% to 43.9%) in the second quartile, and 47.5% (40.9% to 54.5%) in the first quartile. The HRs were high, even after adjustments for age, sociodemographic characteristics, cardiac disease severity, comorbidity, secondary prophylactic medication, smoking status, physical activity, depression and anxiety (HR3rd quartile 1.90 (95% CI 1.23 to 2.93), HR2nd quartile 2.14 (1.37 to 3.33), HR1st quartile 2.23 (1.35 to 3.68) when using the fourth quartile as reference). Conclusions Low mental health status following first-time MI was independently associated with an increased risk of new cardiovascular events or death. Further research is needed to disentangle the pathways that link mental health status following MI to prognosis and to identify interventions that can improve mental health status and prognosis. PMID:23913773

  17. ORACLE CERTIFICATION Oracle Application Development

    E-print Network

    Rose, Michael R.

    ORACLE CERTIFICATION Oracle Application Development Certificate Program 19 The Oracle Database management in mission-critical operations, Oracle is often the product of choice for large organizations applications to interact with databases. UC Irvine Extension is a participant in Oracle's Workforce Development

  18. Advisory circular: Noise certification handbook

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1988-03-01

    The aim of this technical manual is to promote uniformity of implementation of the noise certification requirement of Part 36 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) by presenting test, analysis, and documentration procedures for subsonic turbojet airplanes that were determined by the FAA to be technically acceptable for demonstrating compliance with that regulation. Where appropriate, FAA policy governing such certifications is reviewed.

  19. Alabama's Child Nutrition Certification Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery. Div. of Administration and Finance.

    This handbook presents the plan for the Alabama computerized certification program for school food service employees. The first section contains the following information and materials pertaining to the child nutrition certification program: rationale; position titles (Child Nutrition Program Director or Supervisor, Child Nutrition Program…

  20. Wind Turbine Certification and Type Certification Guideline for the Certification of Wind Turbines, Edition 2003 with Supplement 2004

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mike Woebbeking; Christian Nath; Germanischer Lloyd

    Certification of wind turbines or components is state-of-the-art and a must in most places around the world. Furthermore certification to harmonised requirements is an active support of export. Therefore it is important for manufacturers, banks and insurances of wind turbines and components to know the different certification processes as well as guidelines. The procedures to obtain Type and Project Certificates

  1. Mortality and causes of death among violent offenders and victims-a Swedish population based longitudinal study

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Most previous studies on mortality in violent offenders or victims are based on prison or hospital samples, while this study analyzed overall and cause specific mortality among violent offenders, victims, and individuals who were both offenders and victims in a general sample of 48,834 18-20 year-old men conscripted for military service in 1969/70 in Sweden. Methods Each person completed two non-anonymous questionnaires concerning family, psychological, and behavioral factors. The cohort was followed for 35 years through official registers regarding violent offenses, victimization, and mortality. The impact of violence, victimization, early risk factors and hospitalization for psychiatric diagnosis or alcohol and drug misuse during follow up on mortality was investigated using Cox proportional hazard regression analyses. Results Repeat violent offenses were associated with an eleven fold higher hazard of dying from a substance-related cause and nearly fourfold higher hazard of dying from suicide. These figures remained significantly elevated also in multivariate analyses, with a 3.03 and 2.39 hazard ratio (HR), respectively. Participants with experience of violence and inpatient care for substance abuse or psychiatric disorder had about a two to threefold higher risk of dying compared to participants with no substance use or psychiatric disorder. Conclusions Violent offending and being victimized are associated with excess mortality and a risk of dying from an alcohol or drug-related cause or suicide. Consequently, prevention of violent behavior might have an effect on overall mortality and suicide rates. Prevention of alcohol and drug use is also warranted. PMID:22251445

  2. Cause of Death in Women of Reproductive Age in Rural Nepal Obtained Through Community-Based Surveillance: Is Reducing Maternal Mortality the Right Priority for Women's Health Programs?

    PubMed

    Pyakurel, Ram; Sharma, Nirmala; Paudel, Deepak; Coghill, Anna; Sinden, Laura; Bost, Liberty; Larkin, Melissa; Burrus, Carla Jean; Roy, Khrist

    2015-06-01

    We used a community surveillance system to gather information regarding pregnancy outcomes and the cause of death for women of reproductive age (WRA) in Kanchanpur, Nepal. A total of 784 mother groups participated in the collection of pregnancy outcomes and mortality data. Of the 273 deaths among WRA, the leading causes of death reported were chronic diseases (94, 34.4%) poisoning, snake bites, and suicide (grouped together; 55, 20.1%), and accidents (29, 10.6%), while maternal mortality accounted for 7%. Nevertheless, the calculated maternal mortality ratio was quite high (259.3 per 100,000 live births). PMID:24690028

  3. Conflicting Thoughts about Death

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Paul L.

    2011-01-01

    Most research on children's conception of death has probed their understanding of its biological aspects: its inevitability, irreversibility and terminal impact. Yet many adults subscribe to a religious conception implying that death marks the beginning of a new life. Two recent empirical studies confirm that in the course of development, children…

  4. Mozart's illnesses and death.

    PubMed Central

    Davies, P J

    1983-01-01

    Throughout his life Mozart suffered frequent attacks of tonsillitis. In 1784 he developed post-streptococcal Schönlein-Henoch syndrome which caused chronic glomerular nephritis and chronic renal failure. His fatal illness was due to Schönlein-Henoch purpura, with death from cerebral haemorrhage and bronchopneumonia. Venesection(s) may have contributed to his death. PMID:6352940

  5. Death with dignity.

    PubMed

    Mathiews, Ann Kimberlin

    2010-01-01

    The concept of death with dignity evolves over a nurse's career. A new nurse focuses on the patient as a person. As the nurse gains experience, she facilitates family grieving. As a seasoned professional, the nurse emphasizes the dignity that, through effective nursing, can be restored to dying. Preservation of dignity is found in the way we honor death. PMID:21140873

  6. Recording acute poisoning deaths

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. J. Flanagan; C. Rooney

    2002-01-01

    Recording deaths from acute poisoning\\/substance abuse is not straightforward. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD), used to code mortality statistics, is aimed towards recording the underlying cause of death such as suicide or drug dependence rather than gathering data on poisoning per se. Despite the inherent difficulties clear trends can be observed from the data available for England and Wales.

  7. RECORDING ACUTE POISONING DEATHS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    RJ Flanagan; C Rooney

    Recording deaths from acute poisoning\\/substance abuse is not straightforward. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD), used to code mortality statistics, is aimed towards recording underlying cause of death such as suicide or drug dependence rather than gathering data on poisoning per se. Despite the inherent difficulties clear trends can be observed from the data available for England & Wales. There

  8. Death Acceptance through Ritual

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reeves, Nancy C.

    2011-01-01

    This article summarizes the author's original research, which sought to discover the elements necessary for using death-related ritual as a psychotherapeutic technique for grieving people who experience their grief as "stuck," "unending," "maladaptive," and so on. A "death-related ritual" is defined as a ceremony, directly involving at least 1…

  9. Accreditation and certification in dermatologic surgery.

    PubMed

    Nestler, Steven P; Roenigk, Randall K

    2005-09-01

    The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) is an agency that accredits residency-training programs, thus assuring the public of the highest-quality medical education in the United States. Only those residents who complete ACGME-accredited programs qualify for certification by an American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS)-sponsored board. Certification by the ABMS assures the public that a physician has become competent in a defined body of medical knowledge. Because medicine continuously evolves, the ACGME and the ABMS sponsor a process by which new specialties or subspecialties can be defined, programs accredited, and physicians certified. Procedural dermatology is a surgical subspecialty of dermatology that includes cutaneous oncology (along with Mohs micrographic surgery), cutaneous reconstructive surgery, and cosmetic surgery of the skin. The recent approval by the ACGME to accredit procedural dermatology fellowships establishes the specialty of dermatology as an organ-based body of knowledge that includes medical, pathologic, and surgical skills. PMID:16202948

  10. Security Equipment and Systems Certification Program (SESCP)

    SciTech Connect

    Steele, B.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Papier, I.I. [Underwriters Labs., Inc., Northbrook, IL (United States)

    1996-06-20

    Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and Underwriters Laboratories, Inc., (UL) have jointly established the Security Equipment and Systems Certification Program (SESCP). The goal of this program is to enhance industrial and national security by providing a nationally recognized method for making informed selection and use decisions when buying security equipment and systems. The SESCP will provide a coordinated structure for private and governmental security standardization review. Members will participate in meetings to identify security problems, develop ad-hoc subcommittees (as needed) to address these identified problems, and to maintain a communications network that encourages a meaningful exchange of ideas. This program will enhance national security by providing improved security equipment and security systems based on consistent, reliable standards and certification programs.

  11. Death with dignity

    PubMed Central

    Allmark, P.

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to develop a conception of death with dignity and to examine whether it is vulnerable to the sort of criticisms that have been made of other conceptions. In this conception "death" is taken to apply to the process of dying; "dignity" is taken to be something that attaches to people because of their personal qualities. In particular, someone lives with dignity if they live well (in accordance with reason, as Aristotle would see it). It follows that health care professionals cannot confer on patients either dignity or death with dignity. They can, however, attempt to ensure that the patient dies without indignity. Indignities are affronts to human dignity, and include such things as serious pain and the exclusion of patients from involvement in decisions about their lives and deaths. This fairly modest conception of death with dignity avoids the traps of being overly subjective or of viewing the sick and helpless as "undignified". PMID:12161582

  12. [The analysis of neonatal deaths based on autopsy protocols of the Department of Forensic Medicine in Bialystok in the years 1955-2009].

    PubMed

    Ptaszy?ska-Sarosiek, Iwona; Niemcunowicz-Janica, Anna; Filimoniuk, Marcin; Ok?ota, Magdalena; Wardaszka, Zofia; Szeremeta, Micha?; Sackiewicz, Adam

    2011-01-01

    The authors performed an analysis of the causes of deaths of newborns with special emphasis placed on cases when neonaticide was suspected. In the discussed period, 17838 medico-legal autopsies were performed, 124 of them (0.695 per cent of all postmortem examinations) involved children who meet the WHO criteria for newborn - children under 28th day of life. The newborns were divided into two groups according to their exact age at the time of death - newborns who died within a short time after birth and newborns who died after the perinatal period. Their sex, body length and body weight were also taken into consideration. A total of 108 autopsies (87.1 per cent of all autopsied newborns) involved cases of suspected criminal infanticide within the first score of hours postnatally. In the majority of these cases, the cause of death was suffocation, rarely mechanical trauma. The case of death of older newborns was broadly understood trauma. PMID:22715681

  13. Using verbal autopsy to measure causes of death: the comparative performance of existing methods

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Monitoring progress with disease and injury reduction in many populations will require widespread use of verbal autopsy (VA). Multiple methods have been developed for assigning cause of death from a VA but their application is restricted by uncertainty about their reliability. Methods We investigated the validity of five automated VA methods for assigning cause of death: InterVA-4, Random Forest (RF), Simplified Symptom Pattern (SSP), Tariff method (Tariff), and King-Lu (KL), in addition to physician review of VA forms (PCVA), based on 12,535 cases from diverse populations for which the true cause of death had been reliably established. For adults, children, neonates and stillbirths, performance was assessed separately for individuals using sensitivity, specificity, Kappa, and chance-corrected concordance (CCC) and for populations using cause specific mortality fraction (CSMF) accuracy, with and without additional diagnostic information from prior contact with health services. A total of 500 train-test splits were used to ensure that results are robust to variation in the underlying cause of death distribution. Results Three automated diagnostic methods, Tariff, SSP, and RF, but not InterVA-4, performed better than physician review in all age groups, study sites, and for the majority of causes of death studied. For adults, CSMF accuracy ranged from 0.764 to 0.770, compared with 0.680 for PCVA and 0.625 for InterVA; CCC varied from 49.2% to 54.1%, compared with 42.2% for PCVA, and 23.8% for InterVA. For children, CSMF accuracy was 0.783 for Tariff, 0.678 for PCVA, and 0.520 for InterVA; CCC was 52.5% for Tariff, 44.5% for PCVA, and 30.3% for InterVA. For neonates, CSMF accuracy was 0.817 for Tariff, 0.719 for PCVA, and 0.629 for InterVA; CCC varied from 47.3% to 50.3% for the three automated methods, 29.3% for PCVA, and 19.4% for InterVA. The method with the highest sensitivity for a specific cause varied by cause. Conclusions Physician review of verbal autopsy questionnaires is less accurate than automated methods in determining both individual and population causes of death. Overall, Tariff performs as well or better than other methods and should be widely applied in routine mortality surveillance systems with poor cause of death certification practices. PMID:24405531

  14. The association of cerebral palsy and death with small-for-gestational age birth weight in preterm neonates by individualized and population-based percentiles

    PubMed Central

    Grobman, William A.; Lai, Yinglei; Rouse, Dwight J.; Spong, Catherine Y.; Varner, Michael W.; Mercer, Brian M.; Leveno, Kenneth J.; Iams, Jay D.; Wapner, Ronald J.; Sorokin, Yoram; Thorp, John M.; Ramin, Susan M.; Malone, Fergal D.; O'sullivan, Mary J.; Hankins, Gary D. V.; Caritis, Steve N.

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To determine whether an individualized growth standard (IS) improves identification of preterm small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonates at risk of developing moderate/severe cerebral palsy (CP) or death. STUDY DESIGN Secondary analysis of data from a randomized trial of MgSO4 for prevention of CP or death among anticipated preterm births. Singleton non-anomalous liveborns delivered before 34 weeks’ were classified as SGA (< 10th % for their GA) by a population standard (PS) or an IS (incorporating maternal age, height, weight, parity, race/ethnicity, and neonatal gender). The primary outcome was prediction of moderate or severe CP or death by age 2. RESULTS Of 1588 eligible newborns, 143 (9.4%) experienced CP (N=33) or death (N=110). Forty-four (2.8%) were SGA by the PS and 364 (22.9%) by the IS. All PS-SGA newborns also were identified as IS-SGA. SGA newborns by either standard had a similarly increased risk of CP or death (PS: RR 2.4, 95% CI 1.3–4.3 vs. IS: RR 1.8, 95% CI 1.3–2.5, respectively). The similarity of RRs remained after stratification by MgSO4 treatment group. The IS was more sensitive (36% vs. 6%, p <.001), but less specific (78% vs. 98%, p <.001) for CP or death. ROC curve analysis revealed a statistically lower AUC for the PS, although the ability of either method to predict which neonates would subsequently develop CP or death was poor (PS: 0.55, 95% CI 0.49–0.60 vs. IS: 0.59, 95% CI 0.54–0.64, p<.001). CONCLUSION An individualized SGA growth standard does not improve the association with, or prediction of, CP or death by age 2. PMID:23770470

  15. Risk prediction of cardiovascular death based on the QTc interval: evaluating age and gender differences in a large primary care population

    PubMed Central

    Nielsen, Jonas B.; Graff, Claus; Rasmussen, Peter V.; Pietersen, Adrian; Lind, Bent; Olesen, Morten S.; Struijk, Johannes J.; Haunsø, Stig; Svendsen, Jesper H.; Køber, Lars; Gerds, Thomas A.; Holst, Anders G.

    2014-01-01

    Aims Using a large, contemporary primary care population we aimed to provide absolute long-term risks of cardiovascular death (CVD) based on the QTc interval and to test whether the QTc interval is of value in risk prediction of CVD on an individual level. Methods and results Digital electrocardiograms from 173 529 primary care patients aged 50–90 years were collected during 2001–11. The Framingham formula was used for heart rate-correction of the QT interval. Data on medication, comorbidity, and outcomes were retrieved from administrative registries. During a median follow-up period of 6.1 years, 6647 persons died from cardiovascular causes. Long-term risks of CVD were estimated for subgroups defined by age, gender, cardiovascular disease, and QTc interval categories. In general, we observed an increased risk of CVD for both very short and long QTc intervals. Prolongation of the QTc interval resulted in the worst prognosis for men whereas in women, a very short QTc interval was equivalent in risk to a borderline prolonged QTc interval. The effect of the QTc interval on the absolute risk of CVD was most pronounced in the elderly and in those with cardiovascular disease whereas the effect was negligible for middle-aged women without cardiovascular disease. The most important improvement in prediction accuracy was noted for women aged 70–90 years. In this subgroup, a total of 9.5% were reclassified (7.2% more accurately vs. 2.3% more inaccurately) within clinically relevant 5-year risk groups when the QTc interval was added to a conventional risk model for CVD. Conclusion Important differences were observed across subgroups when the absolute long-term risk of CVD was estimated based on QTc interval duration. The accuracy of the personalized CVD prognosis can be improved when the QTc interval is introduced to a conventional risk model for CVD. PMID:24603310

  16. Reducing the Teen Death Rate. KIDS COUNT Indicator Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shore, Rima; Shore, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    Life continues to hold considerable risk for adolescents in the United States. In 2006, the teen death rate stood at 64 deaths per 100,000 teens (13,739 teens) (KIDS COUNT Data Center, 2009). Although it has declined by 4 percent since 2000, the rate of teen death in this country remains substantially higher than in many peer nations, based

  17. 46 CFR 15.701 - Officers Competency Certificates Convention, 1936.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Officers Competency Certificates Convention, 1936. 15.701 Section...Officers Competency Certificates Convention, 1936. (a) This section...Officers Competency Certificates Convention, 1936, and applies to...

  18. 46 CFR 15.701 - Officers Competency Certificates Convention, 1936.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Officers Competency Certificates Convention, 1936. 15.701 Section...Officers Competency Certificates Convention, 1936. (a) This section...Officers Competency Certificates Convention, 1936, and applies to...

  19. 15 CFR 995.13 - Transfer of certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR DISTRIBUTORS OF NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS Certification and Procedures §...

  20. 15 CFR 995.16 - Term of certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR DISTRIBUTORS OF NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS Certification and Procedures §...

  1. Model Checking Birth and Death

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dino Distefano; Arend Rensink; Joost-pieter Katoen

    2002-01-01

    This paper proposes Allocational Temporal Logic (A''TL) as a formalism to express properties concerning the dynamic allocation (birth) and de-allocation (death) of entities, such as the objects in an object-based system. The logic is interpreted on History-Dependent Automata, extended with a symbolic repre- sentation for certain cases of unbounded allocation. The paper also presents a simple imperative language with primitive

  2. 46 CFR 42.07-55 - Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption certificates...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) LOAD LINES DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN VOYAGES BY...Appeal § 42.07-55 Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption...

  3. 46 CFR 42.07-55 - Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption certificates...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) LOAD LINES DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN VOYAGES BY...Appeal § 42.07-55 Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption...

  4. 46 CFR 42.07-55 - Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption certificates...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) LOAD LINES DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN VOYAGES BY...Appeal § 42.07-55 Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption...

  5. 46 CFR 42.07-55 - Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption certificates...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) LOAD LINES DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN VOYAGES BY...Appeal § 42.07-55 Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption...

  6. 46 CFR 42.07-55 - Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption certificates...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) LOAD LINES DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN VOYAGES BY...Appeal § 42.07-55 Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption...

  7. 42 CFR 493.55 - Application for registration certificate and certificate of accreditation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Certificate...Filing of application. A laboratory may be issued a certificate...C of this part provided the laboratory— (1) Meets the...

  8. 42 CFR 493.55 - Application for registration certificate and certificate of accreditation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Certificate...Filing of application. A laboratory may be issued a certificate...C of this part provided the laboratory— (1) Meets the...

  9. 42 CFR 493.55 - Application for registration certificate and certificate of accreditation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Certificate...Filing of application. A laboratory may be issued a certificate...C of this part provided the laboratory— (1) Meets the...

  10. 42 CFR 493.55 - Application for registration certificate and certificate of accreditation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Certificate...Filing of application. A laboratory may be issued a certificate...C of this part provided the laboratory— (1) Meets the...

  11. 42 CFR 493.55 - Application for registration certificate and certificate of accreditation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Certificate...Filing of application. A laboratory may be issued a certificate...C of this part provided the laboratory— (1) Meets the...

  12. Classification of cell death

    PubMed Central

    Kroemer, G; Galluzzi, L; Vandenabeele, P; Abrams, J; Alnemri, ES; Baehrecke, EH; Blagosklonny, MV; El-Deiry, WS; Golstein, P; Green, DR; Hengartner, M; Knight, RA; Kumar, S; Lipton, SA; Malorni, W; Nuñez, G; Peter, ME; Tschopp, J; Yuan, J; Piacentini, M; Zhivotovsky, B; Melino, G

    2009-01-01

    Different types of cell death are often defined by morphological criteria, without a clear reference to precise biochemical mechanisms. The Nomenclature Committee on Cell Death (NCCD) proposes unified criteria for the definition of cell death and of its different morphologies, while formulating several caveats against the misuse of words and concepts that slow down progress in the area of cell death research. Authors, reviewers and editors of scientific periodicals are invited to abandon expressions like ‘percentage apoptosis’ and to replace them with more accurate descriptions of the biochemical and cellular parameters that are actually measured. Moreover, at the present stage, it should be accepted that caspase-independent mechanisms can cooperate with (or substitute for) caspases in the execution of lethal signaling pathways and that ‘autophagic cell death’ is a type of cell death occurring together with (but not necessarily by) autophagic vacuolization. This study details the 2009 recommendations of the NCCD on the use of cell death-related terminology including ‘entosis’, ‘mitotic catastrophe’, ‘necrosis’, ‘necroptosis’ and ‘pyroptosis’. PMID:18846107

  13. 42 CFR 493.1775 - Standard: Inspection of laboratories issued a certificate of waiver or a certificate for provider...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...false Standard: Inspection of laboratories issued a certificate of waiver... STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Inspection § 493.1775 Standard: Inspection of laboratories issued a certificate of...

  14. 42 CFR 493.1775 - Standard: Inspection of laboratories issued a certificate of waiver or a certificate for provider...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...false Standard: Inspection of laboratories issued a certificate of waiver... STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Inspection § 493.1775 Standard: Inspection of laboratories issued a certificate of...

  15. 42 CFR 493.1775 - Standard: Inspection of laboratories issued a certificate of waiver or a certificate for provider...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...false Standard: Inspection of laboratories issued a certificate of waiver... STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Inspection § 493.1775 Standard: Inspection of laboratories issued a certificate of...

  16. "A Basic Starter Pack": The TESOL Certificate as a Course in Survival

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hobbs, Valerie

    2013-01-01

    Relying on data both from recent TESOL Certificate trainees and from experienced teachers, this paper examines ways in which a focus on survival during TESOL Certificate courses indicates a performance-based philosophy of teacher education and, ultimately, a preference for native speakers, both of which are inconsistent with the changing global…

  17. Examining Changes in Certification/Licensure Requirements and the International Medical Graduate Examinee Pool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKinley, Danette W.; Hess, Brian J.; Boulet, John R.; Lipner, Rebecca S.

    2014-01-01

    Changes in certification requirements and examinee characteristics are likely to influence the validity of the evidence associated with interpretations made based on test data. We examined whether changes in Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) certification requirements over time were associated with changes in internal…

  18. Alternative Certification: A Comparison of Factors Affecting the Motivations of General and Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hogan, Kathleen Ann

    2010-01-01

    This study was developed to examine the motivations of individuals who chose alternative routes to teacher certification and what they believe were the strengths and weaknesses of their alternative certification preparation (ACP). Data accrued from this study were based on a 55-item online survey and participant information from an online focus…

  19. Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences Radiation Therapy (with certification and ATS Radiologic Technology) -

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences ­ Radiation Therapy ­ (with certification and ATS Radiologic Technology) - Bachelor of Radiologic Imaging Sciences Technology [RE-BRIT-RIS-RTHB] Regional College Catalog Hours] Note: Students must have graduated from a hospital-based certificate program in radiologic

  20. Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences -Computed Tomography (with certification and ATS Radiologic Technology) -

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences - Computed Tomography (with certification and ATS Radiologic Technology) - Bachelor of Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Technology [RE-BRIT-RIS-CTHA] Regional College Hours] Note: Students must have graduated from a hospital-based certificate program in radiologic

  1. Management of PEM public key certificates using X.500 directory service: Some problems and solutions

    SciTech Connect

    Cheung, Terry C.

    1993-08-01

    Internet Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM) provides security services to users of Internet electronic mail. While the prevalent PEM implementation uses a public key certificate-based strategy, certificates are mostly distributed vie e-mail exchanges, which raises several security and performance issues. This paper discusses some problems with this strategy, explores the relevant issues, and develops an approach to address them.

  2. 75 FR 80115 - Proposed Information Collection (Conflicting Interests Certification for Proprietary Schools Only...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-21

    ...Certification for Proprietary Schools Only) Activity: Comment...a proprietary profit school. DATES: Written comments...forms of information technology. Title: Conflicting...Certification for Proprietary Schools Only, VA Form 22-1919...veterans or eligible person based on their enrollment...

  3. 47 CFR 54.416 - Certification of consumer Qualification for Link Up.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Certification of consumer Qualification for Link Up. 54.416 Section 54.416 Telecommunication...Certification of consumer Qualification for Link Up. Consumers qualifying under an income-based...household income prior to enrollment in Link Up consistent with requirements set forth...

  4. 47 CFR 54.416 - Certification of consumer Qualification for Link Up.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Certification of consumer Qualification for Link Up. 54.416 Section 54.416 Telecommunication...Certification of consumer Qualification for Link Up. Consumers qualifying under an income-based...household income prior to enrollment in Link Up consistent with requirements set forth...

  5. Designing and Implementing an Innovative SMS-based alert system (RapidSMS-MCH) to monitor pregnancy and reduce maternal and child deaths in Rwanda

    PubMed Central

    Ngabo, Fidele; Nguimfack, Judith; Nwaigwe, Friday; Mugeni, Catherine; Muhoza, Denis; Wilson, David R; Kalach, John; Gakuba, Richard; Karema, Corrine; Binagwaho, Agnes

    2012-01-01

    Introduction With the continuous growth of mobile network coverage and unprecedented penetration of mobile devices in the developing world, several mHealth initiatives are being implemented in developing countries. This paper aims to describe requirements for designing and implementing a mobile phone-based communication system aiming at monitoring pregnancy and reducing bottlenecks in communication associated with maternal and newborn deaths; and document challenges and lessons learned. Methods An SMS-based system was developed to improve maternal and child health (MCH) using RapidSMS®, a free and open-sourced software development framework. To achieve the expected results, the RapidSMS-MCH system was customized to allow interactive communication between a community health worker (CHW)following mother-infant pairs in their community, a national centralized database, the health facility and in case of an emergency alert, the ambulance driver. The RapidSMS-MCH system was piloted in Musanze district, Nothern province of Rwanda over a 12-month period. Results A total of 432 CHW were trained and equipped with mobile phones. A total of 35,734 SMS were sent by 432 CHW from May 2010 to April 2011. A total of 11,502 pregnancies were monitored. A total of 362 SMS alerts for urgent and life threatening events were registered. We registered a 27% increase in facility based delivery from 72% twelve months before to 92% at the end of the twelve months pilot phase. Major challenges were telephone maintenance and replacement. Disctrict heath team capacity to manage and supervise the system was strengthened by the end of pilot phase. Highly committed CHWs and effective coordination by the District health team were critical enablers. Conclusion We successully designed and implemented a mobile phone SMS-based system to track pregnancy and maternal and child outcomes in limited resources setting. Implementation of mobile-phone systems at community level could contribute to improving emergency obstetric and neonatal care, yet it requires a well-organized community health structure in limited resource settings. PMID:23330022

  6. Reliable quantum certification for photonic quantum technologies

    E-print Network

    L. Aolita; C. Gogolin; M. Kliesch; J. Eisert

    2015-01-09

    A major roadblock for large-scale photonic quantum technologies is the lack of practical reliable certification tools. We introduce an experimentally friendly - yet mathematically rigorous - certification test for experimental preparations of arbitrary m-mode pure Gaussian states, pure non-Gaussian states generated by linear-optical circuits with n-boson Fock-basis states as inputs, and states of these two classes subsequently post-selected with local measurements on ancillary modes. The protocol is efficient in m and the inverse post-selection success probability for all Gaussian states and all mentioned non-Gaussian states with constant n. We follow the mindset of an untrusted prover, who prepares the state, and a skeptic certifier, with classical computing and single-mode homodyne-detection capabilities only. No assumptions are made on the type of noise or capabilities of the prover. Our technique exploits an extremality-based fidelity bound whose estimation relies on non-Gaussian state nullifiers, which we introduce on the way as a byproduct result. The certification of many-mode photonic networks, as those used for photonic quantum simulations, boson samplers, and quantum metrology, is now within reach.

  7. Renewable Energy Certificate Program

    SciTech Connect

    Gwendolyn S. Andersen

    2012-07-17

    This project was primarily to develop and implement a curriculum which will train undergraduate and graduate students at the University seeking a degree as well as training for enrollees in a special certification program to prepare individuals to be employed in a broad range of occupations in the field of renewable energy and energy conservation. Curriculum development was by teams of Saint Francis University Faculty in the Business Administration and Science Departments and industry experts. Students seeking undergraduate and graduate degrees are able to enroll in courses offered within these departments which will combine theory and hands-on training in the various elements of wind power development. For example, the business department curriculum areas include economic modeling, finance, contracting, etc. The science areas include meteorology, energy conversion and projection, species identification, habitat protection, field data collection and analysis, etc.

  8. Underlying Cause and Place of Death Among Patients With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis in Taiwan: A Population-Based Study, 2003–2008

    PubMed Central

    Tsai, Ching-Piao; Chang, Bo-Hsiung; Lee, Charles Tzu-Chi

    2013-01-01

    Background Few studies have assessed cause of death among patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We investigated underlying cause and place of death among patients with ALS in Taiwan during 2003–2008. Methods The data source was the Taiwan National Health Insurance database for the period 2003–2008. In total, 751 patients older than 15 years with a primary diagnosis of ALS were included and followed until 2008 in the national mortality database. Crude mortality rates (per 100 person-years) and standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated in relation to cause of death, sex, and age group (15–44, 45–64, 65+ years). Results In total, 297 (39.6%) patients died during the follow-up period, an age- and sex-standardized mortality rate 13 times (95% CI, 10.6–15.6) that of the Taiwanese general population. The leading cause of death among the patients was respiratory diseases, and the second most frequent cause was cardiovascular diseases. During the first year after an ALS diagnosis, suicide was much more frequent (SMR, 6.9; 95% CI, 1.9–17.6) than among the general population. Conclusions During 2003–2008, respiratory diseases and cardiovascular diseases were the most frequent causes of death among Taiwanese patients with ALS. In addition, our findings indicate that suicide prevention is an urgent priority during the period soon after an ALS diagnosis. PMID:23933623

  9. Preventing deaths from rising opioid overdose in the US - the promise of naloxone antidote in community-based naloxone take-home programs.

    PubMed

    Straus, Michele M; Ghitza, Udi E; Tai, Betty

    2013-09-01

    The opioid overdose epidemic is an alarming and serious public health problem in the United States (US) that has been escalating for 11 years. The 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) demonstrated that 1 in 20 persons in the US aged 12 or older reported nonmedical use of prescription painkillers in the past year. Prescription drug overdose is now the leading cause of accidental death in the United States - surpassing motor vehicle accidents. Great efforts have been initiated to curb the overdose crisis. Notable examples of these efforts are (1) the Drug Enforcement Administration's (DEA) National Take-Back Initiative instituted in 2010; (2) the Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs) implemented in most US states to provide practitioners with point-of-care information regarding a patient's controlled substance use; (3) the naloxone rescue programs initiated in the community to avert mortality resulting from overdose. The use of naloxone rescue strategies has gained traction as an effective measure to prevent fatal opioid overdose. Many US federal-government agencies are working to make these strategies more accessible to first responders and community participants. This new approach faces many challenges, such as accessibility to naloxone and the equipment and training needed to administer it, but none is more challenging than the fear of legal repercussions. US federal-government agencies, local governments, health care institutions, and community-based organizations have begun to tackle these barriers, and naloxone take-home programs have gained recognition as a feasible and sensible preventive strategy to avoid a fatal result from opioid overdose. Although many challenges still need to be overcome, it is important for federal government research agencies to initiate and support independent and rigorous evaluation of these programs to inform policymakers how effective these programs can be to save lives and curb the opioid overdose public health crisis. PMID:24273417

  10. Analysis of the bereavement effect after the death of a spouse in the Amish: a population-based retrospective cohort study

    PubMed Central

    Seifter, Ari; Singh, Sarabdeep; McArdle, Patrick F; Ryan, Kathleen A; Shuldiner, Alan R; Mitchell, Braxton D; Schäffer, Alejandro A

    2014-01-01

    Objective This study investigates the association between bereavement and the mortality of a surviving spouse among Amish couples. We hypothesised that the bereavement effect would be relatively small in the Amish due to the unusually cohesive social structure of the Amish that might attenuate the loss of spousal support. Design Population-based cohort study. Setting The USA. Participants 10?892 Amish couples born during 1725–1900 located in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. All the participants are deceased. Outcome measures The survival time is ‘age’; event is ‘death’. Hazard ratios (HRs) of widowed individuals with respect to gender, age at widowhood, remarriage, the number of surviving children and time since bereavement. Results We observed HRs for widowhood ranging from 1.06 to 1.26 over the study period (nearly all differences significant at p<0.05). Mortality risks tended to be higher in men than in women and in younger compared with older bereaved spouses. There were significantly increased mortality risks in widows and widowers who did not remarry. We observed a higher number of surviving children to be associated with increased mortality in men and women. Mortality risk following bereavement was higher in the first 6?months among men and women. Conclusions We conclude that bereavement effects remain apparent even in this socially cohesive Amish community. Remarriage is associated with a significant decrease in the mortality risk among Amish individuals. Contrary to results from previous studies, an increase in the number of surviving children was associated with decreased survival rate. PMID:24435888

  11. Hitler's Death Camps.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wieser, Paul

    1995-01-01

    Presents a high school lesson on Hitler's death camps and the widespread policy of brutality and oppression against European Jews. Includes student objectives, instructional procedures, and a chart listing the value of used clothing taken from the Jews. (CFR)

  12. Hallmarks, Evading death: Hanahan

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2009-12-26

    Professor Douglas Hanahan explains that a fundamental property of multi-cellular organisms is the capability to have cells commit suicide or undergo apoptosis, which is a form of programmed cell death.

  13. Strategic planning for LEED certification

    E-print Network

    Capuzzi, Angelo Michael

    2010-01-01

    Intel Corporation has recently implemented a "green building" policy, which states that Intel will design all new facilities to achieve a minimum LEED-Silver certification. LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental ...

  14. Biology in Engineering Certificate Program

    E-print Network

    Van Veen, Barry D.

    Biology in Engineering Certificate Program Prof. Willis Tompkins Department of Biomedical by a multidisciplinary faculty committee for engineering students Provides opportunity to strengthen biology background in biology and medicine Provides a credential for special effort #12;Prerequisites Prior admission

  15. Death acceptance through ritual.

    PubMed

    Reeves, Nancy C

    2011-01-01

    This article summarizes the author's original research, which sought to discover the elements necessary for using death-related ritual as a psychotherapeutic technique for grieving people who experience their grief as "stuck," "unending," "maladaptive," and so on. A death-related ritual is defined as a ceremony, directly involving at least 1 person and the symbols of the loss, and usually directly and indirectly involving others. Suggestions for counselors and psychotherapists are discussed. PMID:24501853

  16. A good death.

    PubMed

    Gustafson, David H

    2007-01-01

    The Institute of Medicine defines a good death a "one that is free from avoidable death and suffering for patients, families and caregivers in general accordance with the patients' and families' wishes." The current system creates barriers to reducing the stress and suffering that accompany a patient's end of life. Data and eHealth technology, if it were more accessible, could help patients, families, and caregivers to cope with end of life issues. PMID:17478415

  17. Link Between Cardiac Deaths And the Holidays is Focus of December Broadcast of Life Lines

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    APS Communications Office (American Physiological Society Communications Office)

    2009-12-14

    Research has found that heart attacks peak during the winter months, and the prevailing hypothesis has been that cold temperatures stress the heart. But in 1999, researchers analyzed 12 years of Los Angeles County death certificates and found that heart attack deaths also rise in the balmy Los Angeles winters. What's more, cardiac deaths peak on Christmas and New Year's Day in L.A. County. Could it be that the weather is not the most important factor behind the seasonal increase in heart attacks? Cardiologist Robert Kloner discusses his research in Episode 28 of the podcast, Life Lines.

  18. Misclassification of breast cancer as cause of death in a service screening area

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carlo Alberto Goldoni; Karin Bonora; Stefano Ciatto; Lucia Giovannetti; Silvia Patriarca; Anna Sapino; Samanta Sarti; Donella Puliti; Eugenio Paci

    2009-01-01

    Objective  The aim of this study was to assess the misclassification of cause of death for breast cancer cases, and to evaluate the differential\\u000a misclassification between cases detected in an organized screening program and cases found in current clinical practice.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  All deaths occurring between 1999 and 2002 within breast cancer cases were linked to hospital discharge records. Death certificates\\u000a and latest

  19. Autophagic cell death exists

    PubMed Central

    Clarke, Peter G.H.; Puyal, Julien

    2012-01-01

    The term autophagic cell death (ACD) initially referred to cell death with greatly enhanced autophagy, but is increasingly used to imply a death-mediating role of autophagy, as shown by a protective effect of autophagy inhibition. In addition, many authors require that autophagic cell death must not involve apoptosis or necrosis. Adopting these new and restrictive criteria, and emphasizing their own failure to protect human osteosarcoma cells by autophagy inhibition, the authors of a recent Editor’s Corner article in this journal argued for the extreme rarity or nonexistence of autophagic cell death. We here maintain that, even with the more stringent recent criteria, autophagic cell death exists in several situations, some of which were ignored by the Editor’s Corner authors. We reject their additional criterion that the autophagy in ACD must be the agent of ultimate cell dismantlement. And we argue that rapidly dividing mammalian cells such as cancer cells are not the most likely situation for finding pure ACD. PMID:22652592

  20. 14 CFR 67.409 - Denial of medical certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Denial of medical certificate. 67.409 Section 67...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Certification Procedures § 67.409 Denial of medical certificate. (a) Any person who...

  1. 14 CFR 67.401 - Special issuance of medical certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Special issuance of medical certificates. 67.401 Section 67...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Certification...Procedures § 67.401 Special issuance of medical certificates. (a) At the...

  2. 14 CFR 67.401 - Special issuance of medical certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Special issuance of medical certificates. 67.401 Section 67...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Certification...Procedures § 67.401 Special issuance of medical certificates. (a) At the...

  3. 14 CFR 67.409 - Denial of medical certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Denial of medical certificate. 67.409 Section 67...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Certification Procedures § 67.409 Denial of medical certificate. (a) Any person who...

  4. 14 CFR 67.401 - Special issuance of medical certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Special issuance of medical certificates. 67.401 Section 67...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Certification...Procedures § 67.401 Special issuance of medical certificates. (a) At the...

  5. 14 CFR 67.409 - Denial of medical certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Denial of medical certificate. 67.409 Section 67...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Certification Procedures § 67.409 Denial of medical certificate. (a) Any person who...

  6. 14 CFR 125.7 - Display of certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Display of certificate. 125.7 Section 125...BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT General § 125.7 Display of certificate. (a) The certificate holder must display a true copy of the certificate in...

  7. 14 CFR 125.7 - Display of certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Display of certificate. 125.7 Section 125...BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT General § 125.7 Display of certificate. (a) The certificate holder must display a true copy of the certificate in...

  8. 14 CFR 125.7 - Display of certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Display of certificate. 125.7 Section 125...BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT General § 125.7 Display of certificate. (a) The certificate holder must display a true copy of the certificate in...

  9. 14 CFR 125.7 - Display of certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Display of certificate. 125.7 Section 125...BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT General § 125.7 Display of certificate. (a) The certificate holder must display a true copy of the certificate in...

  10. 14 CFR 125.7 - Display of certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Display of certificate. 125.7 Section 125...BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT General § 125.7 Display of certificate. (a) The certificate holder must display a true copy of the certificate in...

  11. 42 CFR 488.12 - Effect of survey agency certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Effect of survey agency certification. 488.12 Section...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION SURVEY, CERTIFICATION, AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES...General Provisions § 488.12 Effect of survey agency certification....

  12. 46 CFR 126.480 - Safety Management Certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Safety Management Certificate. 126.480 ...Certification § 126.480 Safety Management Certificate. (a) All...international voyage must have a valid Safety Management Certificate and a copy of...

  13. 42 CFR 488.12 - Effect of survey agency certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Effect of survey agency certification. 488.12 Section...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION SURVEY, CERTIFICATION, AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES...General Provisions § 488.12 Effect of survey agency certification....

  14. 42 CFR 488.12 - Effect of survey agency certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Effect of survey agency certification. 488.12 Section...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION SURVEY, CERTIFICATION, AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES...General Provisions § 488.12 Effect of survey agency certification....

  15. 42 CFR 488.12 - Effect of survey agency certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Effect of survey agency certification. 488.12 Section...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION SURVEY, CERTIFICATION, AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES...General Provisions § 488.12 Effect of survey agency certification....

  16. 42 CFR 488.12 - Effect of survey agency certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Effect of survey agency certification. 488.12 Section...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION SURVEY, CERTIFICATION, AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES...General Provisions § 488.12 Effect of survey agency certification....

  17. The death of whole-brain death: the plague of the disaggregators, somaticists, and mentalists.

    PubMed

    Veatch, Robert M

    2005-08-01

    In its October 2001 issue, this journal published a series of articles questioning the Whole-Brain-based definition of death. Much of the concern focused on whether somatic integration-a commonly understood basis for the whole-brain death view-can survive the brain's death. The present article accepts that there are insurmountable problems with whole-brain death views, but challenges the assumption that loss of somatic integration is the proper basis for pronouncing death. It examines three major themes. First, it accepts the claim of the "disaggregators" that some behaviors traditionally associated with death can be unbundled, but argues that other behaviors (including organ procurement) must continue to be associated. Second, it rejects the claims of the "somaticists," that the integration of the body is critical, arguing instead for equating death with the irreversible loss of "embodied consciousness," that is, the loss of integration of bodily and mental function. Third, it defends higher-brain views against the charge that they are necessarily "mentalist," that is, that they equate death with losing some mental function such as consciousness or personhood. It argues, instead, for the integration of bodily and mental function as the critical feature of human life and that its irreversible loss constitutes death. PMID:16029987

  18. Racial and Gender Differences in the Viability of Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants: A Population Based Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven B. Morse; Samuel S. Wu; Changxing Ma; Mario Ariet; Michael Resnick; Jeffrey Roth

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE.The purpose of this study is to provide a race- and gender-specific model for predicting 1-year survival rates for extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants by using population-based data. METHODS.Birth and death certificates were analyzed for all children (N 5076) with birth weights between 300 g and 1000 g who were born in Florida between 1996 and 2000. Semiparametric, multivariate,

  19. 49 CFR 240.205 - Procedures for determining eligibility based on prior safety conduct.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION QUALIFICATION AND CERTIFICATION OF LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEERS Implementation of the Certification Process § 240.205 Procedures for determining eligibility based on prior safety conduct....

  20. 32 CFR Appendix C to Part 231 - Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance C Appendix... PROCEDURES GOVERNING BANKS, CREDIT UNIONS AND OTHER FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS ON DOD...Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance I,...

  1. 32 CFR Appendix C to Part 231 - Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance C Appendix... PROCEDURES GOVERNING BANKS, CREDIT UNIONS AND OTHER FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS ON DOD...Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance I,...

  2. 32 CFR Appendix C to Part 231 - Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance C Appendix... PROCEDURES GOVERNING BANKS, CREDIT UNIONS AND OTHER FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS ON DOD...Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance I,...

  3. 32 CFR Appendix C to Part 231 - Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance C Appendix... PROCEDURES GOVERNING BANKS, CREDIT UNIONS AND OTHER FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS ON DOD...Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance I,...

  4. 32 CFR Appendix C to Part 231 - Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance C Appendix... PROCEDURES GOVERNING BANKS, CREDIT UNIONS AND OTHER FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS ON DOD...Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance I,...

  5. Nonthermal-plasma-mediated animal cell death

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Wanil; Woo, Kyung-Chul; Kim, Gyoo-Cheon; Kim, Kyong-Tai

    2011-01-01

    Animal cell death comprising necrosis and apoptosis occurred in a well-regulated manner upon specific stimuli. The physiological meanings and detailed molecular mechanisms of cell death have been continuously investigated over several decades. Necrotic cell death has typical morphological changes, such as cell swelling and cell lysis followed by DNA degradation, whereas apoptosis shows blebbing formation and regular DNA fragmentation. Cell death is usually adopted to terminate cancer cells in vivo. The current strategies against tumour are based on the induction of cell death by adopting various methods, including radiotherapy and chemotherapeutics. Among these, radiotherapy is the most frequently used treatment method, but it still has obvious limitations. Recent studies have suggested that the use of nonthermal air plasma can be a prominent method for inducing cancer cell death. Plasma-irradiated cells showed the loss of genomic integrity, mitochondrial dysfunction, plasma membrane damage, etc. Tumour elimination with plasma irradiation is an emerging concept in cancer therapy and can be accelerated by targeting certain tumour-specific proteins with gold nanoparticles. Here, some recent developments are described so that the mechanisms related to plasma-mediated cell death and its perspectives in cancer treatment can be understood.

  6. The compression of deaths above the mode

    PubMed Central

    Thatcher, A. Roger; Cheung, Siu Lan K.; Horiuchi, Shiro; Robine, Jean-Marie

    2013-01-01

    Kannisto (2001) has shown that as the frequency distribution of ages at death has shifted to the right, the age distribution of deaths above the modal age has become more compressed. In order to further investigate this old-age mortality compression, we adopt the simple logistic model with two parameters, which is known to fit data on old-age mortality well (Thatcher 1999). Based on the model, we show that three key measures of old-age mortality (the modal age of adult deaths, the life expectancy at the modal age, and the standard deviation of ages at death above the mode) can be estimated fairly accurately from death rates at only two suitably chosen high ages (70 and 90 in this study). The distribution of deaths above the modal age becomes compressed when the logits of death rates fall more at the lower age than at the higher age. Our analysis of mortality time series in six countries, using the logistic model, endorsed Kannisto’s conclusion. Some possible reasons for the compression are discussed. PMID:24058281

  7. The compression of deaths above the mode.

    PubMed

    Thatcher, A Roger; Cheung, Siu Lan K; Horiuchi, Shiro; Robine, Jean-Marie

    2010-03-26

    Kannisto (2001) has shown that as the frequency distribution of ages at death has shifted to the right, the age distribution of deaths above the modal age has become more compressed. In order to further investigate this old-age mortality compression, we adopt the simple logistic model with two parameters, which is known to fit data on old-age mortality well (Thatcher 1999). Based on the model, we show that three key measures of old-age mortality (the modal age of adult deaths, the life expectancy at the modal age, and the standard deviation of ages at death above the mode) can be estimated fairly accurately from death rates at only two suitably chosen high ages (70 and 90 in this study). The distribution of deaths above the modal age becomes compressed when the logits of death rates fall more at the lower age than at the higher age. Our analysis of mortality time series in six countries, using the logistic model, endorsed Kannisto's conclusion. Some possible reasons for the compression are discussed. PMID:24058281

  8. Framework for Certification of Fish Propagation, Protection and Monitoring Facilities. Final Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Carlson, Thomas J.; Costello, Ronald J.

    1997-06-01

    A conceptual framework for certification of fish production and monitoring facilities including software templates to expedite implementation of the framework are presented. The framework is based on well established and widely utilized project management techniques. The implementation templates are overlays for Microsoft Professional Office software products: Excel, Word, and Project. Use of the software templates requires Microsoft Professional Office. The certification framework integrates two classical project management processes with a third process for facility certification. These processes are: (1) organization and definition of the project, (2) acquisition and organization of project documentation, and (3) facility certification. The certification process consists of systematic review of the production processes and the characteristics of the produced product. The criteria for certification review are the plans and specifications for the products and production processes that guided development of the facility. The facility is certified when the production processes are operating as designed and the product produced meets specifications. Within this framework, certification is a performance based process, not dissimilar from that practiced in many professions and required for many process, or a product meets professional/industry standards of performance. In the case of fish production facilities, the certifying authority may be diffuse, consisting of many entities acting through a process such as NEPA. A cornerstone of certification is accountability, over the long term, for the operation and products of a facility. This is particularly important for fish production facilities where the overall goal of the facility may require decades to accomplish.

  9. Table S1. Evaluation of different combinations of inducers/challengers in the cell death based assay. P.s. pv. tomato

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    by little or no appearance of cell death in the overlapping area of inoculation. #12;Table S2. BLAST.00 Anionic peroxidase Cell wall protein SGN-U579084 AI778712 0.00 Cathepsin B Protease SGN-U511999 DQ492287. List of genes that comprised the immunity-induced gene collection. APR N°1 BLAST Annotation from SOL

  10. Teaching about the Death Penalty.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, John Paul; Eden, John Michael

    1998-01-01

    Examines the reasons for the death penalty, the reasons why the death penalty attracts so much attention, whether the death penalty is applied consistently, and the evidence that the application of the death penalty may be racially biased. Provides an accompanying article on "Teaching Ideas" by Ronald A. Banaszak. (CMK)

  11. Queen's University Student Death Protocol

    E-print Network

    Linder, Tamás

    Queen's University Student Death Protocol December 2009 #12;Student Death Protocol 2 Table Death Protocol 3 Student Death Protocol Purpose: To organize in a systematic manner the University and responses may vary in order to balance family needs with the needs of students and the University. Tenets

  12. Queen's University Student Death Protocol

    E-print Network

    Linder, Tamás

    Queen's University Student Death Protocol July 2013 #12;Student Death Protocol 2 Table of Contents Death Protocol 3 Student Death Protocol Purpose: To organize in a systematic manner the University and responses may vary in order to balance family needs with the needs of students and the University. Tenets

  13. Helping Children Cope with Death

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Size Email Print Share Helping Children Cope with Death Article Body We have had a death in the family. How do we help our ... to the death of someone in their lives: Death of a grandparent When a grandparent dies, children ...

  14. An investigation of DUA caching strategies for public key certificates

    SciTech Connect

    Cheung, T.C.

    1993-11-01

    Internet Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM) provides security services to users of Internet electronic mail. PEM is designed with the intention that it will eventually obtain public key certificates from the X.500 directory service. However, such a capability is not present in most PEM implementations today. While the prevalent PEM implementation uses a public key certificate-based strategy, certificates are mostly distributed via e-mail exchanges, which raises several security and performance issues. In this thesis research, we changed the reference PEM implementation to make use of the X.500 directory service instead of local databases for public key certificate management. The thesis discusses some problems with using the X.500 directory service, explores the relevant issues, and develops an approach to address them. The approach makes use of a memory cache to store public key certificates. We implemented a centralized cache server and addressed the denial-of-service security problem that is present in the server. In designing the cache, we investigated several cache management strategies. One result of our study is that the use of a cache significantly improves performance. Our research also indicates that security incurs extra performance cost. Different cache replacement algorithms do not seem to yield significant performance differences, while delaying dirty-writes to the backing store does improve performance over immediate writes.

  15. SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES (CERTIFICATE) www.ee.washington.edu/admissions/pmp/certificates

    E-print Network

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES (CERTIFICATE) www.ee.washington.edu/admissions/pmp/certificates NOT ADMITTING FOR FALL 2011 ~ NEXT OFFERING OF SMART GRID CERTIFICATE TENTATIVELY FALL 2012 The Certificate in Smart Grid Technologies & Management in Electrical Engineering serves the growing need for engineers

  16. Determination of Brain Death

    PubMed Central

    Pitts, Lawrence H.

    1984-01-01

    With the careful application of the principles outlined herein, brain death can be determined with certainty. There have been no documented reports of survivors when these guidelines have been followed. The traid of a known mechanism of brain injury, absence of contributing metabolic or toxic central nervous system depression and absence of demonstrable brain function is sufficient to determine brain death clinically and, in most states, legally. The use of apneic oxygenation protects cadaver organs for transplantation during the period needed to prove that a patient cannot breathe. Very little can ameliorate the tragedy of sudden and unexpected fatal cerebral injury. Nonetheless, the concept of brain death is well established, and there is no longer a medical or an ethical reason to prolong unnecessary support of these patients. PMID:6719920

  17. Death on Denali.

    PubMed

    Wilson, R; Mills, W J; Rodgers, D R; Propst, M T

    1978-06-01

    Between 1903 and 1975 about 1 percent of climbers on Mount McKinley (Denali) and Mount Foraker in Alaska died. In 1976 a total of ten (1.7 percent) of 587 mountaineers died, but this rate of death was not significantly higher than previously. Nineteen percent of climbers in 1976 suffered major or minor injuries, illness or death. Acute mountain sickness (AMS), frostbite and fractures were common. Thirty-three rescues or retrievals of bodies were mounted at a cost of more than $82,000. Inexperience (particularly with arctic mountaineering), poor leadership, faulty equipment and undue reliance on rescue by helicopter contributed to the alarming incidence of accident, illness and death on big peaks in Mount McKinley National Park in 1976. PMID:664648

  18. 40 CFR 1043.40 - EIAPP certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF NOX, SOX, AND PM EMISSIONS FROM MARINE ENGINES AND VESSELS SUBJECT TO THE MARPOL PROTOCOL § 1043.40 EIAPP certificates. (a) Engine manufacturers seeking EIAPP certificates for new...

  19. 40 CFR 1043.40 - EIAPP certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF NOX, SOX, AND PM EMISSIONS FROM MARINE ENGINES AND VESSELS SUBJECT TO THE MARPOL PROTOCOL § 1043.40 EIAPP certificates. (a) Engine manufacturers seeking EIAPP certificates for new...

  20. 40 CFR 1043.40 - EIAPP certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF NOX, SOX, AND PM EMISSIONS FROM MARINE ENGINES AND VESSELS SUBJECT TO THE MARPOL PROTOCOL § 1043.40 EIAPP certificates. (a) Engine manufacturers seeking EIAPP certificates for new...

  1. 40 CFR 1043.40 - EIAPP certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF NOX, SOX, AND PM EMISSIONS FROM MARINE ENGINES AND VESSELS SUBJECT TO THE MARPOL PROTOCOL § 1043.40 EIAPP certificates. (a) Engine manufacturers seeking EIAPP certificates for new...

  2. 40 CFR 1043.40 - EIAPP certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF NOX, SOX, AND PM EMISSIONS FROM MARINE ENGINES AND VESSELS SUBJECT TO THE MARPOL PROTOCOL § 1043.40 EIAPP certificates. (a) Engine manufacturers seeking EIAPP certificates for new...

  3. Political Science Departmental Distinction Certificate Program

    E-print Network

    Elsherbeni, Atef Z.

    Political Science Departmental Distinction Certificate Program Purpose: The goal of the Departmental Distinction Certificate Program is to challenge and recognize excellent Political Science students both for their academic and academic- related work. Eligibility: Students majoring in Political Science

  4. 31 CFR 50.53 - Loss certifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Loss certifications. 50.53 Section 50.53 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury TERRORISM RISK INSURANCE PROGRAM Claims Procedures § 50.53 Loss certifications. (a) General. When an...

  5. 31 CFR 50.53 - Loss certifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Loss certifications. 50.53 Section 50.53 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury TERRORISM RISK INSURANCE PROGRAM Claims Procedures § 50.53 Loss certifications. (a) General. When an...

  6. Application Instructions for: Cyber Security Fundamentals Certificate

    E-print Network

    Application Instructions for: Cyber Security Fundamentals Certificate Naval Postgraduate School Center for Information Systems Security Studies and Research (CISR) Monterey, CA 93943 cyber@nps.edu #12;Cyber Security Fundamentals Certificate - Online Application Instructions 1. Go to https

  7. 5 CFR 630.1208 - Medical certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Medical certification. 630.1208 Section 630.1208...SERVICE REGULATIONS ABSENCE AND LEAVE Family and Medical Leave § 630.1208 Medical certification. (a) An agency may...

  8. 5 CFR 630.1208 - Medical certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Medical certification. 630.1208 Section 630.1208...SERVICE REGULATIONS ABSENCE AND LEAVE Family and Medical Leave § 630.1208 Medical certification. (a) An agency may...

  9. 5 CFR 630.1208 - Medical certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Medical certification. 630.1208 Section 630.1208...SERVICE REGULATIONS ABSENCE AND LEAVE Family and Medical Leave § 630.1208 Medical certification. (a) An agency may...

  10. HealthCare Provider BLS (CPR) Certification

    E-print Network

    Alford, Simon

    HealthCare Provider BLS (CPR) Certification UIC COM, CON, COP, COD Faculty, Residents, and Students The Graham Clinical Performance Center (GCPC) is offering BLS Certification (healthcare provider CPR) on site

  11. 40 CFR 82.164 - Reclaimer certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PROTECTION OF STRATOSPHERIC OZONE Recycling and Emissions Reduction § 82.164 Reclaimer certification...Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20460; Attn: Section 608 Recycling Program Manager—Reclaimer Certification. (f)...

  12. 40 CFR 82.164 - Reclaimer certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PROTECTION OF STRATOSPHERIC OZONE Recycling and Emissions Reduction § 82.164 Reclaimer certification...Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20460; Attn: Section 608 Recycling Program Manager—Reclaimer Certification. (f)...

  13. 40 CFR 82.164 - Reclaimer certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PROTECTION OF STRATOSPHERIC OZONE Recycling and Emissions Reduction § 82.164 Reclaimer certification...Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20460; Attn: Section 608 Recycling Program Manager—Reclaimer Certification. (f)...

  14. 40 CFR 82.164 - Reclaimer certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PROTECTION OF STRATOSPHERIC OZONE Recycling and Emissions Reduction § 82.164 Reclaimer certification...Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20460; Attn: Section 608 Recycling Program Manager—Reclaimer Certification. (f)...

  15. 40 CFR 82.164 - Reclaimer certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PROTECTION OF STRATOSPHERIC OZONE Recycling and Emissions Reduction § 82.164 Reclaimer certification...Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20460; Attn: Section 608 Recycling Program Manager—Reclaimer Certification. (f)...

  16. GUIDE FOR THE SECURITY CERTIFICATION AND

    E-print Network

    May 2004 GUIDE FOR THE SECURITY CERTIFICATION AND ACCREDITATION OF FEDERAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS Elizabeth B. Lennon, Editor Information Technology Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology certification and accreditation of information systems supporting the executive agencies of the federal

  17. 42 CFR 493.638 - Certificate fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS General Administration...collected by HHS under the laboratory program must be sufficient...costs of administering the laboratory certification program under section...

  18. 42 CFR 493.638 - Certificate fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS General Administration...collected by HHS under the laboratory program must be sufficient...costs of administering the laboratory certification program under section...

  19. 42 CFR 493.638 - Certificate fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS General Administration...collected by HHS under the laboratory program must be sufficient...costs of administering the laboratory certification program under section...

  20. 42 CFR 493.638 - Certificate fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS General Administration...collected by HHS under the laboratory program must be sufficient...costs of administering the laboratory certification program under section...

  1. 42 CFR 493.638 - Certificate fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS General Administration...collected by HHS under the laboratory program must be sufficient...costs of administering the laboratory certification program under section...

  2. 7 CFR 3434.6 - Certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE HISPANIC-SERVING AGRICULTURAL COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES CERTIFICATION PROCESS § 3434.6 Certification. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this...

  3. 5 CFR 332.403 - Selective certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Selective certification. 332.403 Section 332.403 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL...COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION Consideration for Appointment § 332.403 Selective certification. When there is...

  4. 5 CFR 332.403 - Selective certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Selective certification. 332.403 Section 332.403 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL...COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION Consideration for Appointment § 332.403 Selective certification. When there is...

  5. 14 CFR 21.475 - Experimental certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...PRODUCTS AND PARTS Designated Alteration Station Authorization Procedures § 21.475 Experimental certificates. The DAS shall, before issuing an experimental certificate, obtain from the Administrator any limitations and conditions that the...

  6. 14 CFR 21.475 - Experimental certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...PRODUCTS AND PARTS Designated Alteration Station Authorization Procedures § 21.475 Experimental certificates. The DAS shall, before issuing an experimental certificate, obtain from the Administrator any limitations and conditions that the...

  7. 13 CFR 120.941 - Certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Development Company Loan Program (504) 504 Loans and Debentures § 120.941 Certificates. (a) The face value of a Certificate must be at least $25,000....

  8. 36 CFR 21.8 - Employee certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...certification. 21.8 Section 21.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOT SPRINGS NATIONAL PARK; BATHHOUSE REGULATIONS § 21.8 Employee certification. (a) Employees engaged as...

  9. 36 CFR 21.8 - Employee certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...certification. 21.8 Section 21.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOT SPRINGS NATIONAL PARK; BATHHOUSE REGULATIONS § 21.8 Employee certification. (a) Employees engaged as...

  10. 36 CFR 21.8 - Employee certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...certification. 21.8 Section 21.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOT SPRINGS NATIONAL PARK; BATHHOUSE REGULATIONS § 21.8 Employee certification. (a) Employees engaged as...

  11. 36 CFR 21.8 - Employee certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...certification. 21.8 Section 21.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOT SPRINGS NATIONAL PARK; BATHHOUSE REGULATIONS § 21.8 Employee certification. (a) Employees engaged as...

  12. 36 CFR 21.8 - Employee certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...certification. 21.8 Section 21.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOT SPRINGS NATIONAL PARK; BATHHOUSE REGULATIONS § 21.8 Employee certification. (a) Employees engaged as...

  13. Autophagic cell death: Loch Ness monster or endangered species?

    PubMed

    Shen, Han-Ming; Codogno, Patrice

    2011-05-01

    The concept of autophagic cell death was first established based on observations of increased autophagic markers in dying cells. The major limitation of such a morphology-based definition of autophagic cell death is that it fails to establish the functional role of autophagy in the cell death process, and thus contributes to the confusion in the literature regarding the role of autophagy in cell death and cell survival. Here we propose to define autophagic cell death as a modality of non-apoptotic or necrotic programmed cell death in which autophagy serves as a cell death mechanism, upon meeting the following set of criteria: (i) cell death occurs without the involvement of apoptosis; (ii) there is an increase of autophagic flux, and not just an increase of the autophagic markers, in the dying cells; and (iii) suppression of autophagy via both pharmacological inhibitors and genetic approaches is able to rescue or prevent cell death. In light of this new definition, we will discuss some of the common problems and difficulties in the study of autophagic cell death and also revisit some well-reported cases of autophagic cell death, aiming to achieve a better understanding of whether autophagy is a real killer, an accomplice or just an innocent bystander in the course of cell death. At present, the physiological relevance of autophagic cell death is mainly observed in lower eukaryotes and invertebrates such as Dictyostelium discoideum and Drosophila melanogaster. We believe that such a clear definition of autophagic cell death will help us study and understand the physiological or pathological relevance of autophagic cell death in mammals. PMID:21150268

  14. Certification, accreditation, and quality control in behavior analysis

    PubMed Central

    Moore, J.; Shook, G. L.

    2001-01-01

    Implementing quality control measures in the discipline and professional practice of behavior analysis is a challenging, but nevertheless important, step in the evolution of our field. The Association for Behavior Analysis currently seeks to ensure quality in behavior analysis by sponsoring an accreditation program for graduate academic programs and by promoting certification of individual practitioners. The accreditation reviews are conducted by ABA, whereas certification status is awarded by an independent, nonprofit credentialing entity: the Behavior Analyst Certification Board, Inc. Among the challenges that ABA faces as it pursues various quality control measures, particularly in its educational programs, are (a) how extensively should academic programs specify the verbal and nonverbal terminal repertoires in all three branches of behavior analysis (applied, experimental, and conceptual); (b) how extensively should programs that emphasize applied behavior analysis integrate science-based criteria for the evaluation of interventions; and (c) how extensively should programs that emphasize service delivery include training in formal research methodology. PMID:22478354

  15. CompTIA A+ Certifications and Exams

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    A+ certification is one of the most widely recognized computer technician certification programs. Certification is granted by a non-profit trade organization CompTIA and is vendor neutral. This webpage (from CompTIA website) provides links to A+ certification exam preparation material). Links are given to sample test questions and pages providing information on exam objectives; finding training materials & providers; test taking tips; financial aid; and registering for the exam. Information, including a name and email address, are required.

  16. Certification testing for small wind turbines

    SciTech Connect

    Corbus, D.; Link, H.; Butterfield, S.; Stork, C.; Newcomb, C.

    1999-10-20

    This paper describes the testing procedures for obtaining type certification for a small wind turbine. Southwest Windpower (SWWP) is seeking type certification from Underwriters Laboratory (UL) for the AIR 403 wind turbine. UL is the certification body and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is providing technical assistance including conducting the certification testing. This is the first small turbine to be certified in the US, therefore standards must be interpreted and test procedures developed.

  17. Food safety management system implementation and certification: survey results

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sofia Teixeira; Paulo Sampaio

    2012-01-01

    The worldwide implementation and certification of food safety management systems (FSMS) have increased significantly during the last few years, thus reflecting the importance of assuming these standards in some activity sectors. Based on the literature review carried out, there are a large number of research projects that have been conducted in this area. However, as far as Portugal is concerned,

  18. Forest Certification Programs in North and South America

    E-print Network

    Certification ­ 1993 Non-state, market based, private sector/ENGOs Standards and prescriptions Humphreys 2007 social allies few forest companies and retailers World Bank Large foundations Forest Stewardship Move away from government control to NSMD Often termed "soft law" Cashore et al. 2007 #12;Private

  19. Certificate Free Anonymous Routing for Mobile Ad Hoc

    E-print Network

    Julien, Christine

    Certificate Free Anonymous Routing for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks TR-UTEDGE-2005-005 Amal Banerjee Anonymous Routing for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Amal Banerjee1 , Christine Julien1 , Vitaly Shmatikov2 1, anonymous, and secure routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks. It leverages Identity Based Encryption

  20. Does Teacher Certification Matter? High School Teacher Certification Status and Student Achievement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dan D. Goldhaber; Dominic J. Brewer

    2000-01-01

    We empirically test how 12th-grade students of teachers with probationary certification, emergency certification, private school certification, or no certification in their subject area compare relative to students of teachers who have standard certification in their subject area. We also determine whether specific state-by-state differences in teacher licensure requirements systematically affect student achievement. In mathematics, we find teachers who have a

  1. Neonatal Deaths in Rural Southern Tanzania: Care-Seeking and Causes of Death

    PubMed Central

    Mrisho, Mwifadhi; Schellenberg, David; Manzi, Fatuma; Tanner, Marcel; Mshinda, Hassan; Shirima, Kizito; Msambichaka, Beverly; Abdulla, Salim; Schellenberg, Joanna Armstrong

    2012-01-01

    Introduction. We report cause of death and care-seeking prior to death in neonates based on interviews with relatives using a Verbal Autopsy questionnaire. Materials and Methods. We identified neonatal deaths between 2004 and 2007 through a large household survey in 2007 in five rural districts of southern Tanzania. Results. Of the 300 reported deaths that were sampled, the Verbal Autopsy (VA) interview suggested that 11 were 28 days or older at death and 65 were stillbirths. Data was missing for 5 of the reported deaths. Of the remaining 219 confirmed neonatal deaths, the most common causes were prematurity (33%), birth asphyxia (22%) and infections (10%). Amongst the deaths, 41% (90/219) were on the first day and a further 20% (43/219) on day 2 and 3. The quantitative results matched the qualitative findings. The majority of births were at home and attended by unskilled assistants. Conclusion. Caregivers of neonates born in health facility were more likely to seek care for problems than caregivers of neonates born at home. Efforts to increase awareness of the importance of early care-seeking for a premature or sick neonate are likely to be important for improving neonatal health. PMID:22518328

  2. 30 CFR 955.15 - Certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE CERTIFICATION OF BLASTERS IN FEDERAL PROGRAM STATES AND ON INDIAN...Upon receiving an application for an OSM blaster certificate OSM shall: (i) Notify...applicant has failed to qualify for an OSM blaster certificate, OSM shall reject his...

  3. 27 CFR 25.97 - Continuation certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...certificate. If the contract of surety between the brewer and the surety on an expiring bond or continuation...of the bond or continuation certificate, the brewer may submit, in lieu of a new bond, a Brewer's Bond Continuation Certificate on...

  4. Laboratory Safety Certificate Course Completion Form

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    is available electronically at: http://sp.ehs.cornell.edu/lab-research-safety/chemical-safety/lab-safety-certificate-program/Documents/Lab electronically at: http://sp.ehs.cornell.edu/lab-research-safety/chemical-safety/lab-safety-certificate-program/Documents/Lab of this document is available electronically at: http://sp.ehs.cornell.edu/lab-research-safety/chemical-safety/lab-safety-certificate-program/Documents/Lab

  5. UK Dental Care Certificate of Coverage

    E-print Network

    Hayes, Jane E.

    UK Dental Care Certificate of Coverage July 2013 ­ June 2014 www.mc.uky.edu/Dentistry/patients/ukdental.html #12;UK Dental Care Plans Certificate of Coverage Employee Benefit Booklet This Certificate is issued and administered by UK Dental Care plans, for persons who have selected the UK Dental Care plan benefit structure

  6. STATE OF CALIFORNIA INDOOR LIGHTING INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE

    E-print Network

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA INDOOR LIGHTING INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CEC-LTG-INST (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 2008 Nonresidential Compliance Forms August 2009 INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE (Page construction, each person shall prepare and sign an Installation Certificate document applicable to the portion

  7. STATE OF CALIFORNIA OUTDOOR LIGHTING INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE

    E-print Network

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA OUTDOOR LIGHTING INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CEC-OLG-INST (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 2008 Nonresidential Compliance Forms August 2009 INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE (Part an Installation Certificate document applicable to the portion of construction for which they are responsible

  8. STATE OF CALIFORNIA REFRIGERATED WAREHOUSE INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE

    E-print Network

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA REFRIGERATED WAREHOUSE INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CEC-RWH-INST (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 2008 Nonresidential Compliance Forms August 2009 INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE (Part an Installation Certificate document applicable to the portion of construction for which they are responsible

  9. STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENVELOPE INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE

    E-print Network

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENVELOPE INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CEC-ENV-INST (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 2008 Nonresidential Compliance Forms August 2009 INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE (Part 1 of 2 shall prepare and sign an Installation Certificate document applicable to the portion of construction

  10. STATE OF CALIFORNIA MECHANICAL INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE

    E-print Network

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA MECHANICAL INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CEC-MECH-INST (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 2008 Nonresidential Compliance Forms August 2009 INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE (Part 1 of 2 shall prepare and sign an Installation Certificate document applicable to the portion of construction

  11. 27 CFR 25.97 - Continuation certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...certificate. If the contract of surety between the brewer and the surety on an expiring bond or continuation...of the bond or continuation certificate, the brewer may submit, in lieu of a new bond, a Brewer's Bond Continuation Certificate on...

  12. 27 CFR 25.97 - Continuation certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...certificate. If the contract of surety between the brewer and the surety on an expiring bond or continuation...of the bond or continuation certificate, the brewer may submit, in lieu of a new bond, a Brewer's Bond Continuation Certificate on...

  13. 27 CFR 25.97 - Continuation certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...certificate. If the contract of surety between the brewer and the surety on an expiring bond or continuation...of the bond or continuation certificate, the brewer may submit, in lieu of a new bond, a Brewer's Bond Continuation Certificate on...

  14. 27 CFR 25.97 - Continuation certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...certificate. If the contract of surety between the brewer and the surety on an expiring bond or continuation...of the bond or continuation certificate, the brewer may submit, in lieu of a new bond, a Brewer's Bond Continuation Certificate on...

  15. Alternative Certification Pathways: Filling a Gap?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ludlow, Carlyn

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine the proliferation of alternative certification pathways through an analysis of the role and history of teacher certification and supply followed by a synthesis of national, regional, and state research studies on alternative routes to certification programs and a review of studies conducted on well-known…

  16. The Graduate Certificate in Physiology and HCI

    E-print Network

    Bieber, Michael

    The Graduate Certificate in Physiology and HCI New Jersey Institute of TechnologyNew Jersey A GRADUATE CERTIFICATE IN PHYSIOLOGY AND HCI ? The field of advanced medical device design and manufacturing of use. Courses in the Physiology and HCI graduate certificate will help you to understand both the human

  17. 7 CFR 54.14 - Official certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Agricultural Products Certificate Form LS-5-3 (Figure 1) is the official...an Agricultural Products Certificate Form LS-5-3 covering products for which that...b) Applicant Charges Certificate Form LS-5-5 (Figure 2) will be used to...

  18. 7 CFR 54.14 - Official certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Agricultural Products Certificate Form LS-5-3 (Figure 1) is the official...an Agricultural Products Certificate Form LS-5-3 covering products for which that...b) Applicant Charges Certificate Form LS-5-5 (Figure 2) will be used to...

  19. 7 CFR 54.14 - Official certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Agricultural Products Certificate Form LS-5-3 (Figure 1) is the official...an Agricultural Products Certificate Form LS-5-3 covering products for which that...b) Applicant Charges Certificate Form LS-5-5 (Figure 2) will be used to...

  20. 7 CFR 54.14 - Official certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Agricultural Products Certificate Form LS-5-3 (Figure 1) is the official...an Agricultural Products Certificate Form LS-5-3 covering products for which that...b) Applicant Charges Certificate Form LS-5-5 (Figure 2) will be used to...

  1. 7 CFR 54.14 - Official certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Agricultural Products Certificate Form LS-5-3 (Figure 1) is the official...an Agricultural Products Certificate Form LS-5-3 covering products for which that...b) Applicant Charges Certificate Form LS-5-5 (Figure 2) will be used to...

  2. Anemia and Renal Insufficiency Are Independent Risk Factors for Death among Patients with Congestive Heart Failure Admitted to Community Hospitals: A Population-Based Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    WILLIAM M. MCCLELLAN; W. DANA FLANDERS; ROBERT D. LANGSTON; CLAUDINE JURKOVITZ; RODNEY PRESLEY

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to examine the associations among chronic kidney disease, ane- mia, and risk of death among patients with heart failure. Retrospective cohort study. Patients with a principal diagnosis of heart failure (ICD9 codes 402.01, 402.11, 402.91, 404.01, 404.11, 404.91, and 428.xx) were included. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) was defined as a serum creatinine

  3. Association between smoking and deaths due to colorectal malignant carcinoma: a national population-based case–control study in China

    PubMed Central

    Hou, L; Jiang, J; Liu, B; Nasca, P C; Wu, Y; Zou, X; Han, W; Chen, Y; Zhang, B; Xue, F; Pang, H; Li, J

    2014-01-01

    Background: This study explored the association between smoking and colorectal malignant carcinoma (CRC) in the Chinese population at the national level for the first time. Methods: In the China Nationwide Retrospective Mortality Survey conducted during 1989–1991, 12?942 CRC cases among 1?136?336 all-cause deaths aged ?30 years were randomly assigned 25?884 control interviews from 325?255 surviving spouses of all-cause deaths across 103 urban and rural areas. Results: Compared with non-smokers, smoking significantly increased the risk of CRC-specific mortality by 9.8% (odds ratio (OR)=1.098, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.046–1.153) adjusted for sex, age, and residence. There were significant dose–response relationships between smoking and CRC, such as smoking years, cigarettes smoked daily, and age at onset of smoking. Long-term heavy smokers aged ?50 years with ?30 smoking years and ?20 cigarettes daily had an excess risk of CRC deaths of 30.2% (OR=1.302, 95% CI=1.214–1.397). The strongest association between these smoking variables, such as long-term heavy smokers (OR=1.604, 95% CI=1.341–1.919), and CRC was observed among rural men. Conclusions: Quitting smoking at any time would likely be beneficial to CRC prevention. Long-term heavy smokers and rural men should be viewed as special targets for smoking prevention and cessation programs. PMID:24481400

  4. III.UndergraduateDegreesandCertificates/DiplomasOfferedatYork III. Undergraduate Degrees and

    E-print Network

    in Book and Magazine Publishing (with Centennial College) Certificate in Business Fundamentals Certificate Studies General Certificate in Women's Studies General Certificate in Women's Studies: Theory and Practice

  5. 42 CFR 493.51 - Notification requirements for laboratories issued a certificate of compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...false Notification requirements for laboratories issued a certificate of compliance...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Registration Certificate...51 Notification requirements for laboratories issued a certificate of...

  6. 42 CFR 493.51 - Notification requirements for laboratories issued a certificate of compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...false Notification requirements for laboratories issued a certificate of compliance...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Registration Certificate...51 Notification requirements for laboratories issued a certificate of...

  7. 42 CFR 493.51 - Notification requirements for laboratories issued a certificate of compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...false Notification requirements for laboratories issued a certificate of compliance...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Registration Certificate...51 Notification requirements for laboratories issued a certificate of...

  8. 42 CFR 493.39 - Notification requirements for laboratories issued a certificate of waiver.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Notification requirements for laboratories issued a certificate of waiver...CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Certificate...Notification requirements for laboratories issued a certificate of...

  9. 20 CFR 404.722 - Rebuttal of a presumption of death.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 false Rebuttal of a presumption of death. 404.722 Section 404.722 Employees...Evidence Evidence of Age, Marriage, and Death § 404.722 Rebuttal of a presumption of death. A presumption of death made based...

  10. 20 CFR 404.722 - Rebuttal of a presumption of death.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false Rebuttal of a presumption of death. 404.722 Section 404.722 Employees...Evidence Evidence of Age, Marriage, and Death § 404.722 Rebuttal of a presumption of death. A presumption of death made based...

  11. 20 CFR 404.722 - Rebuttal of a presumption of death.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 false Rebuttal of a presumption of death. 404.722 Section 404.722 Employees...Evidence Evidence of Age, Marriage, and Death § 404.722 Rebuttal of a presumption of death. A presumption of death made based...

  12. 20 CFR 404.722 - Rebuttal of a presumption of death.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 false Rebuttal of a presumption of death. 404.722 Section 404.722 Employees...Evidence Evidence of Age, Marriage, and Death § 404.722 Rebuttal of a presumption of death. A presumption of death made based...

  13. 20 CFR 404.722 - Rebuttal of a presumption of death.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false Rebuttal of a presumption of death. 404.722 Section 404.722 Employees...Evidence Evidence of Age, Marriage, and Death § 404.722 Rebuttal of a presumption of death. A presumption of death made based...

  14. Death after Taking Medicaments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. H. Girdwood

    1974-01-01

    A register of reported adverse reactions, recently made available to major hospitals and medical schools gives an indication of prescribing habits under the N.H.S. in England and Wales. An analysis is made here of the chief medicaments allegedly leading to death. Such data are incomplete because of lack of knowledge of the total use of each drug in the United

  15. Death Penalty in America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clifford, Amie L.

    1997-01-01

    Examines the legal and moral issues, controversies, and unique trial procedures involved with the death penalty. Discusses the 1972 landmark Supreme Court decision that resulted in many states abolishing this punishment, only to reintroduce it later with different provisions. Reviews the controversial case of Sam Sheppard. (MJP)

  16. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnett, Henry L.; And Others

    There is a growing body of evidence that Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) victims are not completely normal and healthy, as was once believed. A variety of new information from several disciplines strongly suggests that the infant who dies suddenly and unexpectedly may do so because of subtle developmental, neurologic, cardiorespiratory, and…

  17. Sudden Death Syndrome

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Sudden death syndrome (SDS) is an important disease of soybean in North and South America. SDS first occurred in South America in the early 1990s. In the U.S.A., SDS was first detected in AK in 1971. Now SDS occurs in most soybean production areas of the U.S. The SDS pathogen is a soil-borne fungu...

  18. Sudden cardiac death

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jasbir Sra; Anwer Dhala; Zalmen Blanck; Sanjay Deshpande; Ryan Cooley; Masood Akhtar

    1999-01-01

    SCD continues to be an important cause of death and morbidity. Despite expanding insight into the mechanisms causing SCD, the population at high risk is not being effectively identified. Although there is still much to do in the management phase of SCD (predicting the efficacy of various therapies), recent clinical trials have helped define the relative risks and benefits of

  19. Optimal Aging and Death

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carl-Johan Dalgaard; Holger Strulik

    2010-01-01

    This study introduces physiological aging into a simple model of optimal in- tertemporal consumption. In this endeavor we draw on the natural science literature on aging. According to the purposed theory, the speed of the aging process and the time of death are endogenously determined by optimal health investments. At the same time, physiological aspects of the aging process influence

  20. Death of a Leader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLaughlin, Thomas E.

    1994-01-01

    When Issaquah (Washington) superintendent, after battling a brain tumor, entered the hospital for the last time, school district had to develop a crisis plan to deal with the possible death of the superintendent. A contingency planning team developed a telephone tree for school officials to keep in close contact with teachers and administrators.…