These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Death Investigation Certificate  

E-print Network

Death Investigation Certificate What is Death Investigation? Medico-legal death investigation in death investigation in different ways. The study of death investigation trains students to identify and assemble a set of investigative tasks that are performed at every death scene. Modern medico- legal death

Saldin, Dilano

2

DEATH CERTIFICATE Yuvachev Daniil Ivanovich  

E-print Network

DEATH CERTIFICATE Yuvachev Daniil Ivanovich last name, first name, patronymic Citizenship: Citizen whereof on February 2, 1942 the death record was made under No. 1234 Place of death: Leningrad Prison No

Comech, Andrew

3

Teaching cause-of-death certification: lessons from international experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and objectiveThe accuracy of cause-of-death statistics substantially depends on the quality of cause-of-death information in death certificates, primarily completed by medical doctors. Deficiencies in cause-of-death certification have been observed across the world, and over time. Despite educational interventions targeted at improving the quality of death certification, their intended impacts are rarely evaluated. This review aims to provide empirical evidence

Eindra Aung; Chalapati Rao; Sue Walker

2010-01-01

4

Death certification: a primer, Part IV--problems in death certification.  

PubMed

Beyond errors in diagnosis, procedural errors in completing the cause of death statement for the death certificate can usually be placed into a few distinct categories. Physicians often forget, after struggling to deal with a litany of medical problems, that an external event, usually trauma, brought a patient into their care in the first place. In these instances, the death needs to be reported to the coroner and the coroner must certify the death (since it was the external event that actually started the chain of events leading to the death). Likewise, physicians also must recognize a death that was precipitated by seemingly simple and common trauma, such as a fall in an elderly individual (which may seem like a natural event), must be certified by the coroner. Another common error in death certification is listing the elements of the cause of death statement in the wrong order, i.e., an order where one listing is not directly caused by the process listed directly under it. While listing nonspecific processes, such as congestive heart failure, in the cause of death statement is perfectly acceptable, what caused these nonspecific processes must also be listed beneath them. If that cause is unknown, then that needs to be stated. Abbreviations, of any kind, should not be part of the cause of death statement. Physicians should certify deaths for those patients they are providing care for, and in whom death is the result of known medical conditions, regardless of whether they or other medical personnel were actually present (in attendance) to witness the death. PMID:25163225

Randall, Brad

2014-08-01

5

Estimating Pneumonia Deaths of Post-Neonatal Children in Countries of Low or No Death Certification in 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPneumonia is the leading cause of child deaths globally. The aims of this study were to: a) estimate the number and global distribution of pneumonia deaths for children 1–59 months for 2008 for countries with low (<85%) or no coverage of death certification using single-cause regression models and b) compare these country estimates with recently published ones based on multi-cause

Evropi Theodoratou; Jian Shayne F. Zhang; Ivana Kolcic; Andrew M. Davis; Sunil Bhopal; Harish Nair; Kit Yee Chan; Li Liu; Hope Johnson; Igor Rudan; Harry Campbell; Rick Edward Paul

2011-01-01

6

Causes of death in Tonga: quality of certification and implications for statistics  

PubMed Central

Background Detailed cause of death data by age group and sex are critical to identify key public health issues and target interventions appropriately. In this study the quality of local routinely collected cause of death data from medical certification is reviewed, and a cause of death profile for Tonga based on amended data is presented. Methods Medical certificates of death for all deaths in Tonga for 2001 to 2008 and medical records for all deaths in the main island Tongatapu for 2008 were sought from the national hospital. Cause of death data for 2008 were reviewed for quality through (a) a review of current tabulation procedures and (b) a medical record review. Data from each medical record were extracted and provided to an independent medical doctor to assign cause of death, with underlying cause from the medical record tabulated against underlying cause from the medical certificate. Significant associations in reporting patterns were evaluated and final cause of death for each case in 2008 was assigned based on the best quality information from the medical certificate or medical record. Cause of death data from 2001 to 2007 were revised based on findings from the evaluation of certification of the 2008 data and added to the dataset. Proportional mortality was calculated and applied to age- and sex-specific mortality for all causes from 2001 to 2008. Cause of death was tabulated by age group and sex, and age-standardized (all ages) mortality rates for each sex by cause were calculated. Results Reported tabulations of cause of death in Tonga are of immediate cause, with ischemic heart disease and diabetes underrepresented. In the majority of cases the reported (immediate) cause fell within the same broad category as the underlying cause of death from the medical certificate. Underlying cause of death from the medical certificate, attributed to neoplasms, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease were assigned to other underlying causes by the medical record review in 70% to 77% of deaths. Of the 28 (6.5%) deaths attributed to nonspecific or unknown causes on the medical certificate, 17 were able to be attributed elsewhere following review of the medical record. Final cause of death tabulations for 2001 to 2008 demonstrate that noncommunicable diseases are leading adult mortality, and age-standardized rates for cardiovascular diseases, neoplasms, and diabetes increased significantly between 2001 to 2004 and 2005 to 2008. Cause of death data for 2001 to 2008 show increasing cause-specific mortality (deaths per 100,000) from 2001-2004 to 2005-2008 from cardiovascular (194-382 to 423-644 in 2005-2008 for males and 108-227 to 194-321 for females) and other noncommunicable diseases that cannot be accounted for by changes in the age structure of the population. Mortality from diabetes for 2005 to 2008 is estimated at 94 to 222 deaths per 100,000 population for males and 98 to 190 for females (based on the range of plausible all-cause mortality estimates) compared with 2008 estimates from the global burden of disease study of 40 (males) and 53 (females) deaths per 100,000 population. Discussion Certification of death was generally found to be the most reliable data on cause of death in Tonga available for Tonga, with 93% of the final assigned causes following review of the 2008 data matching those listed on the medical certificate of death. Cause of death data available in Tonga can be improved by routinely tabulating data by underlying cause and ensuring contributory causes are not recorded in Part I of the certificate during data entry to the database. There is significantly more data on cause of death available in Tonga than are routinely reported or known to international agencies. PMID:22390221

2012-01-01

7

`By Death Divided. Scottish and English approaches to death certification in the nineteenth century'  

E-print Network

`By Death Divided. Scottish and English approaches to death certification in the nineteenth century main influence was in the presentation of the Scottish death statistics, and the theories underpinning his father-in-law, Adam Black, the publisher, former provost, and prospective MP for Edinburgh.3

Glasgow, University of

8

Agreement between death certificate and autopsy diagnoses among atomic bomb survivors.  

PubMed

Based on the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission/Radiation Effects Research Foundation series of over 5,000 autopsies, we examined death certificate accuracy for 12 disease categories and assessed the effect of potential modifying factors on agreement and accuracy. The overall percentage agreement between death certificate and autopsy diagnoses was only 52.5%. Although neoplasms had the highest detection rate, almost 25% of cancers diagnosed at autopsy were nevertheless missed on death certificates. Confirmation and detection rates were above 70% for neoplasms and external causes of death only. Confirmation rates were between 50 and 70% for infectious diseases and heart and other vascular diseases. Detection rates reached a similar level for infectious, cerebrovascular, and digestive diseases. Specificity rates were above 90% for all except the cerebrovascular disease category. Overall agreement decreased with increasing age at death and was worse for deaths occurring outside of hospital. There was some suggestion that agreement improved over time, but no indication that radiation dose, sex, city of residence, or inclusion in a biennial clinical examination program influenced agreement. Since the inaccuracy of death certificate diagnoses can have major implications for health research and planning, it is important to be aware that their accuracy is low and that it can vary widely depending on cause, age and place of death. PMID:8117782

Ron, E; Carter, R; Jablon, S; Mabuchi, K

1994-01-01

9

Death certification: a primer. Part II--The cause of death statement.  

PubMed

The cause of death statement is the core of the death certification process for the physician certifier. The World Health Organization defines the cause of death as the disease or injury that initiates a chain of events leading to death. This cause of death needs to be listed at the bottom of the cause of death statement with the events the cause of death initiated (mechanisms of death) listed above in a direct causal relationship (cause of death 'A,' initiated process 'B,' that in turn caused process 'C,' that in turn produced 'D,' that directly led to the death). In addition to the cause of death and its attendant mechanism(s) of death, the death certificate also includes an area for other significant conditions. This area is to be used for significant medical conditions that are not part of the chain of event leading from the cause of death. An example of an, other significant condition, would be metastatic breast carcinoma in an individual dying of a ruptured aortic aneurysm. The manner of death is restricted to either natural or unnatural (accident, homicide and suicide). Physicians, unless they are also acting as a coroner, are only allowed to certify natural deaths. PMID:24979983

Randall, Brad

2014-06-01

10

Death certificates provide an adequate source of cause of death information when evaluating lung cancer mortality: an example from the Mayo Lung Project  

PubMed Central

Summary To assess the accuracy of death certificates in assigning lung cancer as the underlying cause of death, death certificate data were compared to mortality review committee-determined causes of death among participants in the Mayo Lung Project. Further, the impact of death certificate misclassification on lung cancer mortality rates and Cox proportional hazards models was evaluated. The Mayo Lung Project (1971–1983) was a randomized, controlled trial of lung cancer screening; participants were male smokers aged 45 years and older who were seen as outpatients at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. Overall there were 237 lung cancer deaths according to mortality review, and 224 according to the death certificate (sensitivity 88.6 percent, 95 percent confidence interval (CI): 83.9, 92.4; specificity 99.1 percent, 95 percent CI 98.6, 99.5). As compared to the mortality review committee’s determination, the use of death certificate data resulted only in slight decreases to the calculated lung cancer mortality rates for each screening arm, and did not result in appreciable changes to hazard ratios for lung cancer mortality in Cox regression models. In these data, death certificates were sufficiently sensitive and specific such that their use did not result in a meaningful change to mortality-based outcomes. PMID:18585822

Doria-Rose, V. Paul; Marcus, Pamela M.

2009-01-01

11

Evaluating an educational intervention to improve the accuracy of death certification among trainees from various specialties  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The inaccuracy of death certification can lead to the misallocation of resources in health care programs and research. We evaluated the rate of errors in the completion of death certificates among medical residents from various specialties, before and after an educational intervention which was designed to improve the accuracy in the certification of the cause of death. METHODS: A

Jesús Villar; Lina Pérez-Méndez

2007-01-01

12

Determining injury at work on the California death certificate.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study examined decisions of California Country Coroner's offices in determining injury at work and identified factors influencing this decision. METHODS: Surveys were sent to California County Coroner's offices (response rate = 93%). The survey included 23 vignettes that required the respondent to determine whether the fatality involved an injury at work. The Rasch method was used to determine internal consistency in endorsing vignettes and to determine overall endorsability of vignettes based on underlying factors. RESULTS: Respondents showed internal consistency but much disagreement in their endorsement of vignettes. Decedents who were performing paid work or were on their work site during working hours were almost unanimously endorsed as having incurred an injury at work. Non-payment, travel/transportation, suicide, and nontraditional work sites and work hours led to disagreement and uncertainty among respondents. CONCLUSIONS: Coroners have different methods of determining injury at work on the death certificate, and available guidelines do not define many of the ambiguous situations encountered by coroners. PMID:9224183

Peek-Asa, C; McArthur, D L; Kraus, J F

1997-01-01

13

Medico-legal aspects of medical certification of cause of death  

PubMed Central

This paper deals with the medico-legal aspects of death certification, the inadequate attention accorded to these aspects in most of the present death certificate forms, and the consequences resulting from this circumstance. A description is also given of the revision of the national system of medical certification of causes of death in Finland. This revision seeks to avoid the drawbacks mentioned by means of an improved form of death certificate introduced in 1960. Certain recommendations are also made on the basis of the experience acquired so far. PMID:13718050

Isotalo, Antti

1960-01-01

14

Lack of recording of systemic lupus erythematosus in the death certificates of lupus patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To determine to what extent the diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in deceased lupus patients is under- reported in death certificates, and the patient characteristics associated with such an occurrence. Methods. The death certificates of 76 of the 81 deceased SLE patients from two US lupus cohorts (LUMINA for Lupus in Minorities: Nature vs Nurture and CLU for

J. Calvo-Alen; R. Campbell Jr; M. Fernandez; J. D. Reveille; G. S. Cooper

2005-01-01

15

Organic solvents and presenile dementia: a case referent study using death certificates.  

PubMed Central

Occupational exposure to organic solvents has been implicated in the development of "presenile dementia" in several studies. The death certificates of all men aged under 65 dying in England and Wales bearing presenile dementia as cause of death were collected for the years 1970-9 (n = 557): control death certificates were obtained, matched for age and sex. No significant differences were found between the groups as regards estimated occupational exposure to either organic solvents or lead. PMID:3567100

O'Flynn, R R; Monkman, S M; Waldron, H A

1987-01-01

16

Occupation recorded on certificates of death compared with self-report: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study  

PubMed Central

Background Death certificates are a potential source of sociodemographic data for decedents in epidemiologic research. However, because this information is provided by the next-of-kin or other proxies, there are concerns about validity. Our objective was to assess the agreement of job titles and occupational categories derived from death certificates with that self-reported in mid and later life. Methods Occupation was abstracted from 431 death certificates from North Carolina Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study participants who died between 1987 and 2001. Occupations were coded according to 1980 Bureau of Census job titles and then grouped into six 1980 census occupational categories. This information was compared with the self-reported occupation at midlife as reported at the baseline examination (1987–89). We calculated percent agreement using standard methods. Chance-adjusted agreement was assessed by kappa coefficients, with 95% confidence intervals. Results Agreement between death certificate and self-reported job titles was poor (32%), while 67% of occupational categories matched the two sources. Kappa coefficients ranged from 0.53 for technical/sales/administrative jobs to 0.68 for homemakers. Agreement was lower, albeit nonsignificant, for women (kappa = 0.54, 95% Confidence Interval, CI = 0.44–0.63) than men (kappa = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.54–0.69) and for African-Americans (kappa = 0.47, 95% CI = 0.34–0.61) than whites (kappa = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.57–0.69) but varied only slightly by educational attainment. Conclusion While agreement between self- and death certificate reported job titles was poor, agreement between occupational categories was good. This suggests that while death certificates may not be a suitable source of occupational data where classification into specific job titles is essential, in the absence of other data, it is a reasonable source for constructing measures such as occupational SES that are based on grouped occupational data. PMID:17764567

Bidulescu, Aurelian; Rose, Kathryn M; Wolf, Susanne H; Rosamond, Wayne D

2007-01-01

17

Accuracy in certification of cause of death in a tertiary care hospital--a retrospective analysis.  

PubMed

Every physician is duty bound to issue a "Cause of Death" certificate in the unfortunate event death of his/her patient. Incomplete and inaccurate entry in these certificates poses difficulty in obtaining reliable information pertaining to causes of mortality, leads to faulty public health surveillance, and causes hindrance in research. This study intends to evaluate the completeness and accuracy of Medical Certification of Cause of Death in our Institute and to formulate strategy to improve the quality of reporting of cause of death. During the period from January 2012 to December 2012, a total of 151 certificates of cause of death were issued by the faculty members of various departments. Maximum number of death certificates were issued for patients in the extremes of the age <10 years (n = 42, 27.82%) and in >60 years (n = 46, 30.46%). The various inadequacies observed by us are as follows: 40 (26.49%) cases had inaccurate cause of death, interval between onset and terminal event was missing in 94 (62.25%) cases, in 68 (45.03%)cases the seal with registration number of the physician was not available on the certificate, incomplete antecedent & underlying cause of death was found in 35 (23.18%) & 84 (55.63%) cases, in 66 (43.71%) cases there was use of abbreviations and the handwriting was illegible in 79(52.32%) cases. PMID:24794848

Dash, Shreemanta Kumar; Behera, Basanta Kumar; Patro, Shubhransu

2014-05-01

18

Certification-Based Process Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space mission architects are often challenged with knowing which investment in technology infusion will have the highest return. Certification-based analysis (CBA) gives architects and technologists a means to communicate the risks and advantages of infusing technologies at various points in a process. Various alternatives can be compared, and requirements based on supporting streamlining or automation can be derived and levied on candidate technologies. CBA is a technique for analyzing a process and identifying potential areas of improvement. The process and analysis products are used to communicate between technologists and architects. Process means any of the standard representations of a production flow; in this case, any individual steps leading to products, which feed into other steps, until the final product is produced at the end. This sort of process is common for space mission operations, where a set of goals is reduced eventually to a fully vetted command sequence to be sent to the spacecraft. Fully vetting a product is synonymous with certification. For some types of products, this is referred to as verification and validation, and for others it is referred to as checking. Fundamentally, certification is the step in the process where one insures that a product works as intended, and contains no flaws.

Knight, Russell L.

2013-01-01

19

Risk of stomach cancer associated with 12 workplace hazards: analysis of death certificates from 24 states of the United States with the aid of job exposure matrices  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk of gastric cancer associated with 12 workplace exposures suspected or discussed as aetiological agents in previous reports. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted based on the death certificates of several million deaths in 24 states of the United States in 1984-96. Overall, the data base included 41,957 deaths from stomach cancer among subjects aged >

P. Cocco; M. H. Ward; M. Dosemeci

1999-01-01

20

Discrepancies in death certificates, public health registries, and judicial determinations in Italy.  

PubMed

The death certificate is mandated by civil law and serves as a medical-scientific document useful for biostatistics and epidemiological research. For a variety of reasons, death certificates can be misclassified. We reviewed data from self-inflicted deaths collected over an 8-year period by the Forensic Institute of the University Sacro Cuore of Rome (Italy). Four hundred and thirty-five of 2904 were classified as self-inflicted deaths (15%). The comparison with death certificates processed by the local public health authority (ASL) and by the Italian National Census Bureau (Istat) and with the judicial investigation results available in the Italian Penal Court archive shows some discrepancies. One-hundred and twenty-four of 435 deaths were not considered to be self-inflicted but due to a crime (29% overrecording suicide) with a higher reduction for women, suggesting that it is easier to confuse a murder for suicide in female cases. Any discrepancies between the mortality and crime data are discussed in details. PMID:23488733

Minelli, Natalia; Marchetti, Daniela

2013-05-01

21

25 CFR 15.104 - Does the agency need a death certificate to prepare a probate file?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Starting the Probate Process § 15.104 Does the agency need a death certificate to prepare a probate...

2010-04-01

22

25 CFR 15.104 - Does the agency need a death certificate to prepare a probate file?  

...AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Starting the Probate Process § 15.104 Does the agency need a death certificate to prepare a probate...

2014-04-01

23

25 CFR 15.104 - Does the agency need a death certificate to prepare a probate file?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Starting the Probate Process § 15.104 Does the agency need a death certificate to prepare a probate...

2013-04-01

24

Fetal death ratios in a prospective study compared to state fetal death certificate reporting.  

PubMed Central

A cohort of 6,254 pregnancies surviving at least 20 weeks of gestation was identified through pregnancy testing and follow-up at three Kaiser Permanente medical offices in northern California in 1981-82. Fetal death ratios per 1,000 live births were 12.1 for all fetal deaths versus 5.0 for the subset of fetal deaths reported to the California state registrar. Only fetal deaths resulting in overnight hospitalization of the mother were reported. Seventy-nine percent of fetal deaths over 28 completed weeks since the last menstrual period (LMP) were reported versus only 10 percent between 20 and 28 completed weeks since the LMP. Ninety-three percent of fetuses over 400 grams were reported. The unreported fetal deaths were mainly those perceived by attending physicians as spontaneous abortion, especially missed or incomplete spontaneous abortion. Physicians apparently preferred the label of spontaneous abortion over stillbirth or fetal death whenever fetal maturity could not be substantiated, regardless of prior estimates of the date of the LMP. Fetuses as large and developed as potentially viable infants were the most likely to be reported. PMID:2764206

Goldhaber, M K

1989-01-01

25

The coding of underlying cause of death from fetal death certificates: issues and policy considerations.  

PubMed Central

Recently, plans to implement nationwide coding of underlying cause of fetal death have been promulgated. To examine the validity and potential utility of nationwide coding, this paper presents data from a five-state (Wisconsin, Arkansas, Maine, North Carolina, California) analysis of underlying causes of fetal death from vital records for 1985 through 1987. Nosological coding rules varied somewhat from state to state. Underlying causes were grouped into categories; distributions were similar for each state. Many deaths (20.3% to 32.9%) were coded as unspecified conditions. Congenital anomalies accounted for only 6.9% to 10.3% of fetal deaths, including implausible and nonspecific causes. In total, 29.5% to 42.8% of the reports were not valid or useful. To obtain better data, researchers must focus on improving fetal death reporting, which will entail the promotion of comprehensive autopsy, placental and laboratory evaluation, systematic vital records query procedures, and implementation of multiple-cause-of-fetal-death coding. PMID:8342713

Kirby, R S

1993-01-01

26

Occupational silica exposure and risk of various diseases: an analysis using death certificates from 27 states of the United States  

PubMed Central

Background: Although crystalline silica exposure is associated with silicosis, lung cancer, pulmonary tuberculosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), there is less support for an association with autoimmune disease, and renal disease. Methods: Using data from the US National Occupational Mortality Surveillance (NOMS) system, a matched case-control design was employed to examine each of several diseases (including silicosis, lung cancer, stomach cancer, oesophageal cancer, COPD, pulmonary tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and various types of renal disease). Cases were subjects whose death certificate mentioned the disease of interest. A separate control group for each of the diseases of interest was selected from among subjects whose death certificate did not mention the disease of interest or any of several diseases reported to be associated with crystalline silica exposure. Subjects were assigned into a qualitative crystalline silica exposure category based on the industry/occupation pairing found on their death certificate. We also investigated whether silicotics had a higher risk of disease compared to those without silicosis. Results: Those postulated to have had detectable crystalline silica exposure had a significantly increased risk for silicosis, COPD, pulmonary tuberculosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. In addition, a significant trend of increasing risk with increasing silica exposure was observed for these same conditions and for lung cancer. Those postulated to have had the greatest crystalline silica exposure had a significantly increased risk for silicosis, lung cancer, COPD, and pulmonary tuberculosis only. Finally, those with silicosis had a significantly increased risk for COPD, pulmonary tuberculosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Conclusions: This study corroborates the association between crystalline silica exposure and silicosis, lung cancer, COPD, and pulmonary tuberculosis. In addition, support is provided for an association between crystalline silica exposure and rheumatoid arthritis. PMID:12554840

Calvert, G; Rice, F; Boiano, J; Sheehy, J; Sanderson, W

2003-01-01

27

ACACIA: A Certificate-based Access-Controlled Internet Architecture  

E-print Network

ACACIA: A Certificate-based Access-Controlled Internet Architecture Tian Bu Li (Erran) Li. In this paper, we propose ACACIA--A Certificate-based Access-Controlled Internet Architecture. In ACACIA packets with no certificates are forwarded in a low priority queue. ACACIA is designed to be mobility

Li, Li Erran

28

Effect of Racial/Ethnic Misclassification of American Indians and Alaskan Natives on Washington State Death Certificates, 1989–1997  

PubMed Central

Objectives. This study examined effects of racial/ethnic misclassification of American Indians and Alaskan natives on Washington State death certificates. Methods. Probabilistic record linkage were used to match the 1989–1997 state death files to the Northwest Tribal Registry. Results. We identified matches for 2819 decedents, including 414 (14.7%) who had been misclassified as non–American Indians and Alaskan natives on the death certificates. The likelihood of being correctly classified increased 3-fold for each higher level of American Indian and Alaskan native ancestry (odds ratio = 2.88; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.51, 3.30) and decreased by 6.9% per calendar year (95% CI = 2.0, 11.5). Conclusions. Systematic biases on death certificates in Washington State persist. Methods to reduce misclassification can improve data quality and enhance efforts to measure and reduce racial/ethnic health disparities. (Am J Public Health. 2002;92:443–444) PMID:11867327

Stehr-Green, Paul; Bettles, James; Robertson, L. Dee

2002-01-01

29

["Manual on Physician Behavior at the Time of Death Certification"Created through Collaboration with Different Local Healthcare Workers].  

PubMed

It is thought that physicians' behavior at the scene of death certification has a considerable influence on the grief of the bereaved. We constructed a manual to guide the physician's behavior at death certification and educate residents and medical students. We collaborated locally across several occupations(e.g., visiting nurse, visiting pharmacist)for the purpose of upgrading the manual. We conducted interviews with physicians and nurses who perform home medical care in this area regarding the scene at a real death certification in making our manual. It was evaluated well in this trial, and participants were cooperative with the interview. We can conduct many collaborations locally in various forms. The regional alliances become smoother as a function of such collaborations. In addition, it is thought that the manual that was constructed following this process will be easily received in the area. PMID:25595079

Kusakabe, Akihiko; Hirano, Kazue; Ikenaga, Keiko; Saitou, Naohiro; Mikan, Fukiko; Okita, Masato; Inamori, Masahiko; Shirado, Akemi; Morita, Tatsuya

2014-12-01

30

Certificate-Based Encryption and the Certificate Revocation Problem  

E-print Network

in Section 3.2. I'm posting it online to make it more widely available, particularly since a couple of recent, these quantities in- clude at least the name of a user U and its public key PK. Often, the CA includes a serial of public-key cryptography. 1.1 Some Previous Solutions to the Certificate Revocation Problem The most well

31

Occupation and five cancers: a case-control study using death certificates.  

PubMed Central

A case-control approach has been used to examine mortality from five cancers--oesophagus, pancreas, cutaneous melanoma, kidney, and brain--among young and middle aged men resident in three English counties. The areas studied were chosen because they include major centres of chemical manufacture. By combining data from 20 years it was possible to look at local industries with greater statistical power than is possible using routine national statistics. Each case was matched with up to four controls of similar age who died in the same year from other causes. The occupations and industries recorded on death certificates were coded to standard classifications and risk estimates derived for each job category. Where positive associations were found the records of the cases concerned were examined in greater detail to see whether the risk was limited to specific combinations of occupation and industry. The most interesting findings to emerge were risks of brain cancer associated with the production of meat and fish products (relative risk (RR) = 9.7, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.6-36.8) and with mineral oil refining (RR = 2.9, CI 1.2-7.0), and a cluster of four deaths from melanoma among refinery workers (RR = 16.0, CI CI 1.8-143.2). A job-exposure matrix was applied to the data but gave no strong indications of further disease associations. Local analyses of occupational mortality such as this can usefully supplement national statistics. PMID:3689708

Magnani, C; Coggon, D; Osmond, C; Acheson, E D

1987-01-01

32

75 FR 27182 - Energy Conservation Program: Web-Based Compliance and Certification Management System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1904-AC10 Energy Conservation Program: Web-Based Compliance and Certification Management...of Energy (DOE) through an electronic Web-based tool, the Compliance and Certification...Certification Management System (CCMS)--via the Web portal:...

2010-05-14

33

Cause-Specific Mortality and Death Certificate Reporting in Adults with Moderate to Profound Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The study of premature deaths in people with intellectual disability (ID) has become the focus of recent policy initiatives in England. This is the first UK population-based study to explore cause-specific mortality in adults with ID compared with the general population. Methods: Cause-specific standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) and…

Tyrer, F.; McGrother, C.

2009-01-01

34

News Certification and Legislation EBE RLA Definitions Wald Conclusions Evidence-Based Elections  

E-print Network

News Certification and Legislation EBE RLA Definitions Wald Conclusions Evidence-Based Elections Seminar Stanford University and University of California, Berkeley 8 October 2012 #12;News Certification: Jennie Bretschneider, Elaine Ginnold, Neal Kelley, Freddie Oakley, Tom Stanionis. #12;News Certification

Stark, Philip B.

35

Unintentional carbon monoxide-related deaths in the United States, 1979 through 1988  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE. To describe the epidemiology of recent unintentional carbon monoxide poisoning deaths in the United States. DESIGN. Descriptive analysis of carbon monoxide-related deaths in the United States from 1979 through 1988, based on death certificate reports compiled by the National Center for Health Statistics. POPULATION STUDIED. All US deaths, 1979 through 1988. RESULTS. We reviewed data from 56,133 death certificates

N. Cobb; R. A. Etzel

1991-01-01

36

[Production of information on mortality from external causes: meanings and significances in the filling out of death certificates].  

PubMed

The study sought to understand the meanings and significances that physicians attribute to the Death Certificate (DO) and the implications of subjectivity in the production of information on mortality. Guided by qualitative research, semi-structured interviews and content analysis, techniques were chosen for understanding representations and experiences involved in the filling out of the DO. The results revealed that different meanings and significances are attributed to the DO depending on how death occurred, in accordance with the different attributes the document acquires from a practical standpoint, in terms of 'epidemiological' and 'legal' functions. The results suggest that the DO used as a technical and objective instrument for data collection and production of health statistics does not lack subjectivity, which turns it into an instrument that in the medical practice and social reality reflects cultural issues, the social position of the subjects who fill it out and their representations of death. PMID:23670450

de Melo, Cristiane Magalhães; Bevilacqua, Paula Dias; Barletto, Marisa

2013-05-01

37

A post-mortem survey on end-of-life decisions using a representative sample of death certificates in Flanders, Belgium: research protocol  

PubMed Central

Background Reliable studies of the incidence and characteristics of medical end-of-life decisions with a certain or possible life shortening effect (ELDs) are indispensable for an evidence-based medical and societal debate on this issue. This article presents the protocol drafted for the 2007 ELD Study in Flanders, Belgium, and outlines how the main aims and challenges of the study (i.e. making reliable incidence estimates of end-of-life decisions, even rare ones, and describing their characteristics; allowing comparability with past ELD studies; guaranteeing strict anonymity given the sensitive nature of the research topic; and attaining a sufficient response rate) are addressed in a post-mortem survey using a representative sample of death certificates. Study design Reliable incidence estimates are achievable by using large at random samples of death certificates of deceased persons in Flanders (aged one year or older). This entails the cooperation of the appropriate administrative authorities. To further ensure the reliability of the estimates and descriptions, especially of less prevalent end-of-life decisions (e.g. euthanasia), a stratified sample is drawn. A questionnaire is sent out to the certifying physician of each death sampled. The questionnaire, tested thoroughly and avoiding emotionally charged terms is based largely on questions that have been validated in previous national and European ELD studies. Anonymity of both patient and physician is guaranteed through a rigorous procedure, involving a lawyer as intermediary between responding physicians and researchers. To increase response we follow the Total Design Method (TDM) with a maximum of three follow-up mailings. Also, a non-response survey is conducted to gain insight into the reasons for lack of response. Discussion The protocol of the 2007 ELD Study in Flanders, Belgium, is appropriate for achieving the objectives of the study; as past studies in Belgium, the Netherlands, and other European countries have shown, strictly anonymous and thorough surveys among physicians using a large, stratified, and representative death certificate sample are most suitable in nationwide studies of incidence and characteristics of end-of-life decisions. There are however also some limitations to the study design. PMID:18752659

Chambaere, Kenneth; Bilsen, Johan; Cohen, Joachim; Pousset, Geert; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje; Mortier, Freddy; Deliens, Luc

2008-01-01

38

A Program Certification Assistant Based on Fully Automated Theorem Provers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We describe a certification assistant to support formal safety proofs for programs. It is based on a graphical user interface that hides the low-level details of first-order automated theorem provers while supporting limited interactivity: it allows users to customize and control the proof process on a high level, manages the auxiliary artifacts produced during this process, and provides traceability between the proof obligations and the relevant parts of the program. The certification assistant is part of a larger program synthesis system and is intended to support the deployment of automatically generated code in safety-critical applications.

Denney, Ewen; Fischer, Bernd

2005-01-01

39

A Competency Based Teacher Education Program for N-6 Certification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes a program which attempts to comply with the New York State Regents' plan requiring that all programs leading to teacher certification be reorganized in a competency-based, field-centered format. Part one of the document is a note to the student. Part two is a description of the program, including (a) a position statement;…

State Univ. of New York, Potsdam. Coll. at Potsdam.

40

Performance criteria for verbal autopsy-based systems to estimate national causes of death: development and application to the Indian Million Death Study  

PubMed Central

Background Verbal autopsy (VA) has been proposed to determine the cause of death (COD) distributions in settings where most deaths occur without medical attention or certification. We develop performance criteria for VA-based COD systems and apply these to the Registrar General of India’s ongoing, nationally-representative Indian Million Death Study (MDS). Methods Performance criteria include a low ill-defined proportion of deaths before old age; reproducibility, including consistency of COD distributions with independent resampling; differences in COD distribution of hospital, home, urban or rural deaths; age-, sex- and time-specific plausibility of specific diseases; stability and repeatability of dual physician coding; and the ability of the mortality classification system to capture a wide range of conditions. Results The introduction of the MDS in India reduced the proportion of ill-defined deaths before age 70 years from 13% to 4%. The cause-specific mortality fractions (CSMFs) at ages 5 to 69 years for independently resampled deaths and the MDS were very similar across 19 disease categories. By contrast, CSMFs at these ages differed between hospital and home deaths and between urban and rural deaths. Thus, reliance mostly on urban or hospital data can distort national estimates of CODs. Age-, sex- and time-specific patterns for various diseases were plausible. Initial physician agreement on COD occurred about two-thirds of the time. The MDS COD classification system was able to capture more eligible records than alternative classification systems. By these metrics, the Indian MDS performs well for deaths prior to age 70 years. The key implication for low- and middle-income countries where medical certification of death remains uncommon is to implement COD surveys that randomly sample all deaths, use simple but high-quality field work with built-in resampling, and use electronic rather than paper systems to expedite field work and coding. Conclusions Simple criteria can evaluate the performance of VA-based COD systems. Despite the misclassification of VA, the MDS demonstrates that national surveys of CODs using VA are an order of magnitude better than the limited COD data previously available. PMID:24495287

2014-01-01

41

Efficient Certificate-Based Signcryption Secure against Public Key Replacement Attacks and Insider Attacks  

PubMed Central

Signcryption is a useful cryptographic primitive that achieves confidentiality and authentication in an efficient manner. As an extension of signcryption in certificate-based cryptography, certificate-based signcryption preserves the merits of certificate-based cryptography and signcryption simultaneously. In this paper, we present an improved security model of certificate-based signcryption that covers both public key replacement attack and insider security. We show that an existing certificate-based signcryption scheme is insecure in our model. We also propose a new certificate-based signcryption scheme that achieves security against both public key replacement attacks and insider attacks. We prove in the random oracle model that the proposed scheme is chosen-ciphertext secure and existentially unforgeable. Performance analysis shows that the proposed scheme outperforms all the previous certificate-based signcryption schemes in the literature. PMID:24959606

Li, Jiguo

2014-01-01

42

Efficient certificate-based signcryption secure against public key replacement attacks and insider attacks.  

PubMed

Signcryption is a useful cryptographic primitive that achieves confidentiality and authentication in an efficient manner. As an extension of signcryption in certificate-based cryptography, certificate-based signcryption preserves the merits of certificate-based cryptography and signcryption simultaneously. In this paper, we present an improved security model of certificate-based signcryption that covers both public key replacement attack and insider security. We show that an existing certificate-based signcryption scheme is insecure in our model. We also propose a new certificate-based signcryption scheme that achieves security against both public key replacement attacks and insider attacks. We prove in the random oracle model that the proposed scheme is chosen-ciphertext secure and existentially unforgeable. Performance analysis shows that the proposed scheme outperforms all the previous certificate-based signcryption schemes in the literature. PMID:24959606

Lu, Yang; Li, Jiguo

2014-01-01

43

Windshear certification data base for forward-look detection systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Described is an introduction to a comprehensive database that is to be used for certification testing of airborne forward-look windshear detection systems. The database was developed by NASA Langley Research Center, at the request of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), to support the industry initiative to certify and produce forward-looking windshear detection equipment. The database contains high-resolution three-dimensional fields for meteorological variables that may be sensed by forward-looking systems. The database is made up of seven case studies that are generated by the Terminal Area Simulation System, a state-of-the-art numerical system for the realistic modeling of windshear phenomena. The selected cases contained in the certification documentation represent a wide spectrum of windshear events. The database will be used with vendor-developed sensor simulation software and vendor-collected ground-clutter data to demonstrate detection performance in a variety of meteorological conditions using NASA/FAA pre-defined path scenarios for each of the certification cases. A brief outline of the contents and sample plots from the database documentation are included. These plots show fields of hazard factor, or F-factor (Bowles 1990), radar reflectivity, and velocity vectors on a horizontal plane overlayed with the applicable certification paths. For the plot of the F-factor field the region of 0.105 and above signify an area of hazardous, performance decreasing windshear, while negative values indicate regions of performance increasing windshear. The values of F-factor are based on 1-Km averaged segments along horizontal flight paths, assuming an air speed of 150 knots (approx. 75 m/s). The database has been released to vendors participating in the certification process. The database and associated document have been transferred to the FAA for archival storage and distribution.

Switzer, George F.; Hinton, David A.; Proctor, Fred H.

1994-01-01

44

40 CFR 745.238 - Fees for accreditation and certification of lead-based paint activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...accreditation and certification of lead-based paint activities. 745.238 Section 745...SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Lead-Based Paint Activities § 745.238 Fees...

2010-07-01

45

40 CFR 745.238 - Fees for accreditation and certification of lead-based paint activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...accreditation and certification of lead-based paint activities. 745.238 Section 745...SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Lead-Based Paint Activities § 745.238 Fees...

2011-07-01

46

40 CFR 745.238 - Fees for accreditation and certification of lead-based paint activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...accreditation and certification of lead-based paint activities. 745.238 Section 745...SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Lead-Based Paint Activities § 745.238 Fees...

2013-07-01

47

40 CFR 745.238 - Fees for accreditation and certification of lead-based paint activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...accreditation and certification of lead-based paint activities. 745.238 Section 745...SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Lead-Based Paint Activities § 745.238 Fees...

2012-07-01

48

40 CFR 745.238 - Fees for accreditation and certification of lead-based paint activities.  

...accreditation and certification of lead-based paint activities. 745.238 Section 745...SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Lead-Based Paint Activities § 745.238 Fees...

2014-07-01

49

5 CFR 843.311 - Annuity based on death of a separated employee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Annuity based on death of a separated employee. 843.311... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.311 Annuity based on death of a separated employee....

2012-01-01

50

5 CFR 843.311 - Annuity based on death of a separated employee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Annuity based on death of a separated employee. 843.311... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.311 Annuity based on death of a separated employee....

2011-01-01

51

5 CFR 843.311 - Annuity based on death of a separated employee.  

...2014-01-01 false Annuity based on death of a separated employee. 843.311... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.311 Annuity based on death of a separated employee....

2014-01-01

52

5 CFR 843.311 - Annuity based on death of a separated employee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Annuity based on death of a separated employee. 843.311... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.311 Annuity based on death of a separated employee....

2010-01-01

53

5 CFR 843.311 - Annuity based on death of a separated employee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Annuity based on death of a separated employee. 843.311... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.311 Annuity based on death of a separated employee....

2013-01-01

54

38 CFR - § 3.1705 Burial allowance based on non-service-connected death.  

...allowance based on non-service-connected death. Section Pensions, Bonuses, and...allowance based on non-service-connected death. (a) General rule. VA will...date it receives notice of the veteran's death that the expenses incurred were...

2014-07-01

55

Death within 8 years after childhood convulsive status epilepticus: a population-based study  

PubMed Central

The risk of long-term mortality and its predictors following convulsive status epilepticus in childhood are uncertain. We report mortality within 8 years after an episode of convulsive status epilepticus, and investigate its predictors from a paediatric, prospective, population-based study from north London, UK. In the current study, we followed-up a cohort previously ascertained during a surveillance study of convulsive status epilepticus in childhood. After determining the survival status of the cohort members, we defined cause of death as that listed on their death certificates. We estimated a standardized mortality ratio to compare mortality in our cohort with that expected in the reference population. Multivariable Cox regression analysis was used to investigate any association between the clinical and demographic factors at the time of status epilepticus and subsequent risk of death. The overall case fatality was 11% (95% confidence interval 7.5–16.2%); seven children died within 30 days of their episode of convulsive status epilepticus and 16 during follow-up. The overall mortality in our cohort was 46 times greater than expected in the reference population, and was predominantly due to higher mortality in children who had pre-existing clinically significant neurological impairments when they had their acute episode of convulsive status epilepticus. Children without prior neurological impairment who survived their acute episode of convulsive status epilepticus were not at a significantly increased risk of death during follow-up. There were no deaths in children following prolonged febrile convulsions and idiopathic convulsive status epilepticus. A quarter of deaths during follow-up were associated with intractable seizures/convulsive status epilepticus, and the rest died as a complication of their underlying medical condition. On regression analysis, presence of clinically significant neurological impairments prior to convulsive status epilepticus was the only independent risk factor for mortality. In conclusion, there is a high risk of death within 8 years following childhood convulsive status epilepticus but most deaths are not seizure related. Presence of pre-existing clinically significant neurological impairments at the time of convulsive status epilepticus is the main risk factor for mortality within 8 years after the acute episode. The attributable role of convulsive status epilepticus on mortality remains uncertain, but appears less than is generally perceived. PMID:21914715

Neville, Brian G. R.; Scott, Rod C.; Chin, Richard F. M.

2011-01-01

56

Confidence intervals in temperature-based death time determination.  

PubMed

Marshall and Hoare's double exponential model with Henßge's parameters is a well known method for temperature based death time estimation. The authors give 95%-confidence intervals for their method. Since body cooling is a complex thermodynamical process, one has to take into account a potential bias of the estimator. This quantity measures the systematic error of the estimators underlying model. For confidence interval radius calculation a bias of 0 is presupposed, therefore the actual probability of the true death time value to lie in the 95%-confidence interval can be much lower than 95% in case of nonvanishing bias. As in case of nonstandard conditions the confidence intervals have a probability of containing the true death time value which even in case of small corrective factor errors of ?c=±0.1 can be substantially smaller than the 95% claimed, the paper presents a formula for confidence intervals which keep a 95% probability in case of error ?c?±0.1. PMID:25205513

Hubig, Michael; Muggenthaler, Holger; Mall, Gita

2015-01-01

57

Number of Alzheimer's Deaths Found to Be Underreported  

MedlinePLUS

... Alzheimer’s as a cause of death on death certificates is a well-known phenomenon. Some people with ... or causes of death are listed on death certificates, typically by a physician, and filed with the ...

58

The effectiveness of market-based conservation in the tropics: forest certification in Ecuador and Bolivia.  

PubMed

During the last decade, forest certification has gained momentum as a market-based conservation strategy in tropical forest countries. Certification has been promoted to enhance forest management in countries where governance capacities are insufficient to adequately manage natural resources and enforce pertinent regulations, given that certification relies largely on non-governmental organisations and private businesses. However, at present there are few tropical countries with large areas of certified forests. In this study, we conducted semi-structured stakeholder interviews in Ecuador and Bolivia to identify key framework conditions that influence the costs and benefits for companies to switch from conventional to certified forestry operations. Bolivia has a much greater relative area under certified forest management than Ecuador and also significantly more certified producers. The difference in the success of certification between both countries is particularly notable because Bolivia is a poorer country with more widespread corruption, and is landlocked with less access to export routes. Despite these factors, several characteristics of the Bolivian forest industry contribute to lower additional costs of certified forest management compared to Ecuador. Bolivia has stronger government enforcement of forestry regulations a fact that increases the cost of illegal logging, management units are larger, and vertical integration in the process chain from timber extraction to markets is higher. Moreover, forestry laws in Bolivia are highly compatible with certification requirements, and the government provides significant tax benefits to certified producers. Results from this study suggest that certification can be successful in countries where governments have limited governance capacity. However, the economic incentives for certification do not only arise from favourable market conditions. Certification is likely to be more successful where governments enforce forestry laws, provide financial incentives for certified forestry, and provide land tenure security, and where large-scale and vertically integrated forestry operations are commercially feasible. For this reason, at present, there are few developing countries where forest certification is likely to achieve widespread success. PMID:18614273

Ebeling, Johannes; Yasué, Maï

2009-02-01

59

Studying Sudden and Unexpected Infant Deaths in a Time of Changing Death Certification and Investigation Practices: Evaluating Sleep-Related Risk Factors for Infant Death in New York City  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe an approach for quantifying and characterizing the extent to which sudden and unexpected infant deaths (SUIDs)\\u000a result from unsafe sleep environments (e.g., prone position, bedsharing, soft bedding); and present data on sleep-related\\u000a infant deaths in NYC. Using a combination of vital statistics and medical examiner data, including autopsy and death scene\\u000a investigation findings, we analyzed any death due

Lindsay Senter; Judith Sackoff; Kristen Landi; Lorraine Boyd

2011-01-01

60

The Impact of Competency-Based Teacher Education and Certification Programs in Utah.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utah is a member of a nine-state consortium to study competency-based teacher education and certification programs. This paper presents an overview of the nationwide movement for competency-based teacher education, followed by a description of the situation in Utah. The State Board of Education is making an effort through the Teacher Education and…

Mouritsen, Roger C.

61

Competency-Based Certification: What Are the Key Issues? NEPTE Working Paper #6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a brief overview of competency-based teacher education (CBTE) and competency-based certification (CBC). The notion of requiring teachers to demonstrate certain skills is examined in the light of questions on its long-range validity and utility. The author cautions against overreliance on CBTE and CBC due to a number of these…

Pitman, John C.

62

5 CFR 843.310 - Annuity based on death of an employee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Annuity based on death of an employee. 843.310 Section... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.310 Annuity based on death of an employee. Except as...

2011-01-01

63

5 CFR 843.310 - Annuity based on death of an employee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Annuity based on death of an employee. 843.310 Section... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.310 Annuity based on death of an employee. Except as...

2013-01-01

64

5 CFR 843.310 - Annuity based on death of an employee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Annuity based on death of an employee. 843.310 Section... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.310 Annuity based on death of an employee. Except as...

2012-01-01

65

5 CFR 843.310 - Annuity based on death of an employee.  

...2014-01-01 false Annuity based on death of an employee. 843.310 Section... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.310 Annuity based on death of an employee. Except as...

2014-01-01

66

5 CFR 843.310 - Annuity based on death of an employee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Annuity based on death of an employee. 843.310 Section... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.310 Annuity based on death of an employee. Except as...

2010-01-01

67

Certification Framework Based on Effective Trapping for Geologic Carbon Sequestration  

SciTech Connect

We have developed a certification framework (CF) for certifying the safety and effectiveness of geologic carbon sequestration (GCS) sites. Safety and effectiveness are achieved if CO{sub 2} and displaced brine have no significant impact on humans, other living things, resources, or the environment. In the CF, we relate effective trapping to CO{sub 2} leakage risk which takes into account both the impact and probability of leakage. We achieve simplicity in the CF by using (1) wells and faults as the potential leakage pathways, (2) compartments to represent environmental resources that may be impacted by leakage, (3) CO{sub 2} fluxes and concentrations in the compartments as proxies for impact to vulnerable entities, (4) broad ranges of storage formation properties to generate a catalog of simulated plume movements, and (5) probabilities of intersection of the CO{sub 2} plume with the conduits and compartments. We demonstrate the approach on a hypothetical GCS site in a Texas Gulf Coast saline formation. Through its generality and flexibility, the CF can contribute to the assessment of risk of CO{sub 2} and brine leakage as part of the certification process for licensing and permitting of GCS sites around the world regardless of the specific regulations in place in any given country.

Oldenburg, Curtis M.; Bryant, Steven L.; Nicot, Jean-Philippe

2009-01-15

68

A Lightweight Certificate-based Source Authentication Protocol for Group Communication  

E-print Network

communication in hybrid wireless networks with a satellite overlay. The proposed protocol uses a new classA Lightweight Certificate-based Source Authentication Protocol for Group Communication in Hybrid Wireless/Satellite Networks Ayan Roy-Chowdhury Electrical and Computer Engineering Institute for Systems

Baras, John S.

69

Summary of Actions Taken by Selected States Involved in Developing Competency-Based Certification Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews actions taken by selected states as they move to implement competency-based teacher education and certification systems (CBTE-CBC). Following a brief discussion of the role of the state in developing CBTE-CBC, three major issues are presented: a) the type of consortium procedures used, b) the manner in which competencies are to…

Pitman, John C.

70

Scientifically Based Research in Educational Products: Vendors and Consumers on Filling the Certification Gap  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2002 reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, or No Child Left Behind (NCLB) changed school law in the United States. Public schools can utilize federal funds to purchase only those educational products subject to scientifically based research. No dedicated certification intermediary (CI) exists to determine individual…

Caruthers, Bill J.

2009-01-01

71

Temperature-based death time estimation with only partially known environmental conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The temperature-oriented death time determination is based on mathematical model curves of postmortem rectal cooling. All mathematical models require knowledge of the environmental conditions. In medico-legal practice homicide is sometimes not immediately suspected at the death scene but afterwards during external examination of the body. The environmental temperature at the death scene remains unknown or can only be roughly reconstructed.

Gita Mall; Mona Eckl; Inga Sinicina; Oliver Peschel; Michael Hubig

2005-01-01

72

A Resource Guide; "National and Regional Developments in Competency Based Teacher Education (CBTE) and Competency Based Certification (CBC)."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide on competency based teacher education (CBTE) and competency based certification (CBC) states that the degree of explicitness required in CBTE programs and CBC programs and CBC systems is greater than in traditional programs. A CBTE program must specify (a) what the learner is to do, (b) the degree or level of competency…

Pitman, John C.

73

Death certification: increased clinical confidence in diagnosis and lack of interest in confirmation by necropsy is not justified.  

PubMed Central

Comparison of 742 necropsies from 1975 with 833 from 1984 showed that the degree of certainty the clinicians attached to their diagnosis of the underlying cause of death had increased significantly in 1984. This was due almost exclusively to an increase in the certainty of the diagnosis of circulatory disease. Unfortunately, this was not justified as the numbers of false positive and false negative diagnoses were high in both years. With this increased certainty came a lack of interest in the necropsy. Similar lack of interest was also shown by surgeons in 1984, though in this instance it was accompanied by a high level of agreement between their diagnoses and necropsy findings. PMID:2921339

Karwinski, B; Hartveit, F

1989-01-01

74

23 CFR Appendix C to Part 1240 - Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved Under 23 U.S.C. 153)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved...Appendix C to Part 1240—Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved...S.C. 153) State Certification-Calendar Year 1998 Seat Belt Use Survey...

2012-04-01

75

23 CFR Appendix C to Part 1240 - Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved Under 23 U.S.C. 153)  

...2014-04-01 false Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved...Appendix C to Part 1240—Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved...S.C. 153) State Certification-Calendar Year 1998 Seat Belt Use Survey...

2014-04-01

76

23 CFR Appendix C to Part 1240 - Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved Under 23 U.S.C. 153)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved...Appendix C to Part 1240—Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved...S.C. 153) State Certification-Calendar Year 1998 Seat Belt Use Survey...

2013-04-01

77

23 CFR Appendix C to Part 1240 - Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved Under 23 U.S.C. 153)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved...Appendix C to Part 1240—Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved...S.C. 153) State Certification-Calendar Year 1998 Seat Belt Use Survey...

2011-04-01

78

23 CFR Appendix C to Part 1240 - Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved Under 23 U.S.C. 153)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved...Appendix C to Part 1240—Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved...S.C. 153) State Certification-Calendar Year 1998 Seat Belt Use Survey...

2010-04-01

79

Place and Cause of Death in Centenarians: A Population-Based Observational Study in England, 2001 to 2010  

PubMed Central

Background Centenarians are a rapidly growing demographic group worldwide, yet their health and social care needs are seldom considered. This study aims to examine trends in place of death and associations for centenarians in England over 10 years to consider policy implications of extreme longevity. Methods and Findings This is a population-based observational study using death registration data linked with area-level indices of multiple deprivations for people aged ?100 years who died 2001 to 2010 in England, compared with those dying at ages 80-99. We used linear regression to examine the time trends in number of deaths and place of death, and Poisson regression to evaluate factors associated with centenarians’ place of death. The cohort totalled 35,867 people with a median age at death of 101 years (range: 100–115 years). Centenarian deaths increased 56% (95% CI 53.8%–57.4%) in 10 years. Most died in a care home with (26.7%, 95% CI 26.3%–27.2%) or without nursing (34.5%, 95% CI 34.0%–35.0%) or in hospital (27.2%, 95% CI 26.7%–27.6%). The proportion of deaths in nursing homes decreased over 10 years (?0.36% annually, 95% CI ?0.63% to ?0.09%, p?=?0.014), while hospital deaths changed little (0.25% annually, 95% CI ?0.06% to 0.57%, p?=?0.09). Dying with frailty was common with “old age” stated in 75.6% of death certifications. Centenarians were more likely to die of pneumonia (e.g., 17.7% [95% CI 17.3%–18.1%] versus 6.0% [5.9%–6.0%] for those aged 80–84 years) and old age/frailty (28.1% [27.6%–28.5%] versus 0.9% [0.9%–0.9%] for those aged 80–84 years) and less likely to die of cancer (4.4% [4.2%–4.6%] versus 24.5% [24.6%–25.4%] for those aged 80–84 years) and ischemic heart disease (8.6% [8.3%–8.9%] versus 19.0% [18.9%–19.0%] for those aged 80–84 years) than were younger elderly patients. More care home beds available per 1,000 population were associated with fewer deaths in hospital (PR 0.98, 95% CI 0.98–0.99, p<0.001). Conclusions Centenarians are more likely to have causes of death certified as pneumonia and frailty and less likely to have causes of death of cancer or ischemic heart disease, compared with younger elderly patients. To reduce reliance on hospital care at the end of life requires recognition of centenarians’ increased likelihood to “acute” decline, notably from pneumonia, and wider provision of anticipatory care to enable people to remain in their usual residence, and increasing care home bed capacity. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary PMID:24892645

Evans, Catherine J.; Ho, Yuen; Daveson, Barbara A.; Hall, Sue; Higginson, Irene J.; Gao, Wei

2014-01-01

80

Certificate Ethics Certificate Program  

E-print Network

Ethics Certificate Program Passion Purpose Rigor #12;#12;Ethics Certificate Program From, the Ethics Certificate provides you with the skills and confidence you need to create and evaluate solutions to ethical dilemmas. Does a government have the right to insist on another government's adherence to human

Zhou, Pei

81

Probabilistic thinking and death anxiety: a terror management based study.  

PubMed

Terror Management Theory has been utilized to understand how death can change behavioral outcomes and social dynamics. One area that is not well researched is why individuals willingly engage in risky behavior that could accelerate their mortality. One method of distancing a potential life threatening outcome when engaging in risky behaviors is through stacking probability in favor of the event not occurring, termed probabilistic thinking. The present study examines the creation and psychometric properties of the Probabilistic Thinking scale in a sample of young, middle aged, and older adults (n = 472). The scale demonstrated adequate internal consistency reliability for each of the four subscales, excellent overall internal consistency, and good construct validity regarding relationships with measures of death anxiety. Reliable age and gender effects in probabilistic thinking were also observed. The relationship of probabilistic thinking as part of a cultural buffer against death anxiety is discussed, as well as its implications for Terror Management research. PMID:25273680

Hayslip, Bert; Schuler, Eric R; Page, Kyle S; Carver, Kellye S

2014-01-01

82

Certification Aspects in Critical Embedded Software Development with Model Based Techniques: Detection of Unintended Functions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper, developed under contract with European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), analyses in detail which may be the certification implications in the aeronautic industry associated to the application of model-level verification and validation techniques. Particularly, this paper focuses on the problematic of detecting unintended functions by applying Model Coverage Criteria at model level. This point is significantly important for the future extensive use of Model Based approaches in safety critical software, since the uncertainty in the system performance introduced by the unintended functions, which may also lead to unacceptable hazardous or catastrophic events, prevents the system to be compliance with certification requirements. The paper provides a definition and a categorization of unintended functions and gives some relevant examples to assess the efficiency of model- coverage techniques in the detection of UF. The paper explains how this analysis is supported by a methodology based on the study of sources for introducing unintended functions. Finally it is analysed the feasibility of using Model-level verification techniques to support the software certification process.

Atencia Yepez, A.; Autrán Cerqueira, J.; Urueña, S.; Jurado, R.

2012-01-01

83

Conditional probability distribution (CPD) method in temperature based death time estimation: Error propagation analysis.  

PubMed

Bayesian estimation applied to temperature based death time estimation was recently introduced as conditional probability distribution or CPD-method by Biermann and Potente. The CPD-method is useful, if there is external information that sets the boundaries of the true death time interval (victim last seen alive and found dead). CPD allows computation of probabilities for small time intervals of interest (e.g. no-alibi intervals of suspects) within the large true death time interval. In the light of the importance of the CPD for conviction or acquittal of suspects the present study identifies a potential error source. Deviations in death time estimates will cause errors in the CPD-computed probabilities. We derive formulae to quantify the CPD error as a function of input error. Moreover we observed the paradox, that in cases, in which the small no-alibi time interval is located at the boundary of the true death time interval, adjacent to the erroneous death time estimate, CPD-computed probabilities for that small no-alibi interval will increase with increasing input deviation, else the CPD-computed probabilities will decrease. We therefore advise not to use CPD if there is an indication of an error or a contra-empirical deviation in the death time estimates, that is especially, if the death time estimates fall out of the true death time interval, even if the 95%-confidence intervals of the estimate still overlap the true death time interval. PMID:24662512

Hubig, Michael; Muggenthaler, Holger; Mall, Gita

2014-05-01

84

A simple birth-death-migration individual-based model for biofilm development  

E-print Network

A simple birth-death-migration individual-based model for biofilm development Nabil Mabrouk only three main processes: birth (binary fission), death (or detachment) and surface migration in time due to three stochastic events acting on the individuals: · birth of a new bacterium · detachment

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

85

On the Reliability of Vocational Workplace-Based Certifications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The assessment of vocational workplace-based qualifications in England relies on human assessors (raters). These assessors observe naturally occurring, non-standardised evidence, unique to each learner and evaluate the learner as competent/not yet competent against content standards. Whilst these are considered difficult to measure, this study…

Harth, H.; Hemker, B.T.

2013-01-01

86

Certificate-based authorization policy in a PKI environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major emphasis of public key infrastructure has been to provide a cryptographically secure means of authenticating identities. However, procedures for authorizing the holders of these identities to perform specific actions still need additional research and development. While there are a number of proposed standards for authorization structures and protocols such as KeyNote, SPKI, and SAML based on X.509 or

Mary R. Thompson; Abdelilah Essiari; Srilekha Mudumbai

2003-01-01

87

Risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome: Changes associated with sleep position recommendations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To quantify the decreased incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and investigate risk profile changes associated with changes in infant sleep position. Design: A population-based case-control study that used birth and death certificates from Washington State. Cases (n = 1515) were all singletons born in Washington between 1985 and 1995 (excluding 1991) who died of SIDS. Control cases

Carolyn A. Paris; Rachel Remler; Janet R. Daling

2001-01-01

88

20 CFR 655.204 - Determinations based on temporary labor certification applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...WORKERS IN THE UNITED STATES Labor Certification Process for Logging Employment and Non-H-2A Agricultural Employment § 655...because the wages or benefits, etc. do not meet the adverse effect criteria. (d) If the certification is denied, the...

2010-04-01

89

20 CFR 655.204 - Determinations based on temporary labor certification applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...WORKERS IN THE UNITED STATES Labor Certification Process for Logging Employment and Non-H-2A Agricultural Employment § 655...because the wages or benefits, etc. do not meet the adverse effect criteria. (d) If the certification is denied, the...

2013-04-01

90

20 CFR 655.204 - Determinations based on temporary labor certification applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...WORKERS IN THE UNITED STATES Labor Certification Process for Logging Employment and Non-H-2A Agricultural Employment § 655...because the wages or benefits, etc. do not meet the adverse effect criteria. (d) If the certification is denied, the...

2012-04-01

91

20 CFR 655.204 - Determinations based on temporary labor certification applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...WORKERS IN THE UNITED STATES Labor Certification Process for Logging Employment and Non-H-2A Agricultural Employment § 655...because the wages or benefits, etc. do not meet the adverse effect criteria. (d) If the certification is denied, the...

2011-04-01

92

Two New Reference Materials Based on Tobacco Leaves: Certification for over a Dozen of Toxic and Essential Elements  

PubMed Central

The preparation, certification, and characterization of two new biological certified reference materials for inorganic trace analysis have been presented. They are based on two different varieties of tobacco leaves, namely, Oriental Basma Tobacco Leaves (INCT-OBTL-5), grown in Greece, and Polish Virginia Tobacco Leaves (INCT-PVTL-6), grown in Poland. Certification of the materials was based on the statistical evaluation of results obtained in a worldwide interlaboratory comparison, in which 87 laboratories from 18 countries participated, providing 2568 laboratory averages on nearly 80 elements. It was possible to establish the certified values of concentration for many elements in the new materials, that is, 37 in INCT-OBTL-5 and 36 in INCT-PVTL-6, including several toxic ones like As, Cd, Hg, Pb, and so forth. The share and the role of instrumental analytical techniques used in the process of certification of the new CRMs are discussed. PMID:22536124

Samczy?ski, Zbigniew; Dybczy?ski, Rajmund S.; Polkowska-Motrenko, Halina; Chajduk, Ewelina; Pyszynska, Marta; Danko, Bo?ena; Czerska, El?bieta; Kulisa, Krzysztof; Doner, Katarzyna; Kalbarczyk, Pawe?

2012-01-01

93

Forensic Science Certificate  

E-print Network

Forensic Science Certificate What do Forensic Scientists Do? Forensic scientists apply scientific. Is Forensic Science Right for Me? Students in forensic science have a strong interest in chemistry, biology and death investigators. The median annual wage of forensic science technicians (a common entry level job

Saldin, Dilano

94

Meeting the community halfway to reduce maternal deaths? Evidence from a community-based maternal death review in Uttar Pradesh, India  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Background: Uttar Pradesh (UP) is the most populous state in India with the second highest reported maternal mortality ratio in the country. In an effort to analyze the reasons for maternal deaths and implement appropriate interventions, the Government of India introduced Maternal Death Review guidelines in 2010. Methods: We assessed causes of and factors leading to maternal deaths in Unnao District, UP, through 2 methods. First, we conducted a facility gap assessment in 15 of the 16 block-level and district health facilities to collect information on the performance of the facilities in terms of treating obstetric complications. Second, teams of trained physicians conducted community-based maternal death reviews (verbal autopsies) in a sample of maternal deaths occurring between June 1, 2009, and May 31, 2010. Results: Of the 248 maternal deaths that would be expected in this district in a year, we identified 153 (62%) through community workers and conducted verbal autopsies with families of 57 of them. Verbal autopsies indicated that 23% and 30% of these maternal deaths occurred at home and on the way to a health facility, respectively. Most of the women who died had been taken to at least 2 health facilities. The facility assessment revealed that only the district hospital met the recommended criteria for either basic or comprehensive emergency obstetric and neonatal care. Conclusions: Life-saving treatment of obstetric complications was not offered at the appropriate level of government facilities in a representative district in UP, and an inadequate referral system provided fatal delays. Expensive transportation costs to get pregnant women to a functioning medical facility also contributed to maternal death. The maternal death review, coupled with the facility gap assessment, is a useful tool to address the adequacy of emergency obstetric and neonatal care services to prevent further maternal deaths. PMID:25276519

Raj, Sunil Saksena; Maine, Deborah; Sahoo, Pratap Kumar; Manthri, Suneedh; Chauhan, Kavita

2013-01-01

95

PRESENT CONDITION OF FOOD WASTE RECYCLING LOOP BASED ON RECYCLING PROJECT CERTIFICATION OF THE FOOD WASTE RECYCLING LAW  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Purpose of this research is to clear present condition of food waste recycling loops based on recycling project certification of the Food Waste Recycling Law. Method of this research is questionnaire survey to companies constituting the loops. Findings of this research are as follows: 1. Proponents of the loop is most often the recycling companies. 2. Food waste recycling rate is 61% for the food retailing industry and 81% for the food service industry. These values are higher than the national average in 2006. The effect of the revision of recycling project certification is suggested.

Kita, Tomoko; Kanaya, Ken

96

Influence of measurement errors on temperature-based death time determination.  

PubMed

Temperature-based methods represent essential tools in forensic death time determination. Empirical double exponential models have gained wide acceptance because they are highly flexible and simple to handle. The most established model commonly used in forensic practice was developed by Henssge. It contains three independent variables: the body mass, the environmental temperature, and the initial body core temperature. The present study investigates the influence of variations in the input data (environmental temperature, initial body core temperature, core temperature, time) on the standard deviation of the model-based estimates of the time since death. Two different approaches were used for calculating the standard deviation: the law of error propagation and the Monte Carlo method. Errors in environmental temperature measurements as well as deviations of the initial rectal temperature were identified as major sources of inaccuracies in model based death time estimation. PMID:20401616

Hubig, Michael; Muggenthaler, Holger; Mall, Gita

2011-07-01

97

Claims-Based Definition of Death in Japanese Claims Database: Validity and Implications  

PubMed Central

Background For the pending National Claims Database in Japan, researchers will not have access to death information in the enrollment files. We developed and evaluated a claims-based definition of death. Methodology/Principal Findings We used healthcare claims and enrollment data between January 2005 and August 2009 for 195,193 beneficiaries aged 20 to 74 in 3 private health insurance unions. We developed claims-based definitions of death using discharge or disease status and Charlson comorbidity index (CCI). We calculated sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive values (PPVs) using the enrollment data as a gold standard in the overall population and subgroups divided by demographic and other factors. We also assessed bias and precision in two example studies where an outcome was death. The definition based on the combination of discharge/disease status and CCI provided moderate sensitivity (around 60%) and high specificity (99.99%) and high PPVs (94.8%). In most subgroups, sensitivity of the preferred definition was also around 60% but varied from 28 to 91%. In an example study comparing death rates between two anticancer drug classes, the claims-based definition provided valid and precise hazard ratios (HRs). In another example study comparing two classes of anti-depressants, the HR with the claims-based definition was biased and had lower precision than that with the gold standard definition. Conclusions/Significance The claims-based definitions of death developed in this study had high specificity and PPVs while sensitivity was around 60%. The definitions will be useful in future studies when used with attention to the possible fluctuation of sensitivity in some subpopulations. PMID:23741526

Ooba, Nobuhiro; Setoguchi, Soko; Ando, Takashi; Sato, Tsugumichi; Yamaguchi, Takuhiro; Mochizuki, Mayumi; Kubota, Kiyoshi

2013-01-01

98

Certificate-Based Approach to Marketing Green Power and Constructing New Wind Energy Facilities: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The availability of wind energy certificates in Pennsylvania's retail electricity market has made a critical difference in the economic feasibility of developing 140 MW of new wind energy projects in the region. Certificates offer important benefits to both green power suppliers and buyers by reducing transaction barriers and thus lowering the cost of renewable energy. Buyers also benefit through the increased flexibility offered by certificate products. The experience described in this paper offers important insights for selling green power certificates and achieving new wind energy development in other areas of the country.

Blank, E.; Bird, L.; Swezey, B.

2002-05-01

99

Alternative certification science teachers' understanding and implementation of inquiry-based instruction in their beginning years of teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this phenomenographic study was to: (a) understand how beginning science teachers recruited from various science disciplines and prepared in an Alternative Teacher Certification Program (ATCP) implemented inquiry during their initial years of teaching; (b) describe constraints and needs that these beginning science teachers perceived in implementing inquiry-based science instruction; and (c) understand the relation between what they

Abdulkadir Demir

2006-01-01

100

The Impact of Certification Criteria on Integrated COTS-Based Systems M. Kelkar R. Perry R. Gamble A. Walvekar  

E-print Network

The Impact of Certification Criteria on Integrated COTS-Based Systems M. Kelkar R. Perry R. Gamble@utulsa.edu Abstract While COTS products can be made secure and reliable within a individual domains, they may infrastructures with seamless, secure information flow. Software components (i.e. legacy systems, COTS products

Gamble, R. F.

101

Combined prediction model of death toll for road traffic accidents based on independent and dependent variables.  

PubMed

In order to build a combined model which can meet the variation rule of death toll data for road traffic accidents and can reflect the influence of multiple factors on traffic accidents and improve prediction accuracy for accidents, the Verhulst model was built based on the number of death tolls for road traffic accidents in China from 2002 to 2011; and car ownership, population, GDP, highway freight volume, highway passenger transportation volume, and highway mileage were chosen as the factors to build the death toll multivariate linear regression model. Then the two models were combined to be a combined prediction model which has weight coefficient. Shapley value method was applied to calculate the weight coefficient by assessing contributions. Finally, the combined model was used to recalculate the number of death tolls from 2002 to 2011, and the combined model was compared with the Verhulst and multivariate linear regression models. The results showed that the new model could not only characterize the death toll data characteristics but also quantify the degree of influence to the death toll by each influencing factor and had high accuracy as well as strong practicability. PMID:25610454

Zhong-Xiang, Feng; Shi-Sheng, Lu; Wei-Hua, Zhang; Nan-Nan, Zhang

2014-01-01

102

Combined Prediction Model of Death Toll for Road Traffic Accidents Based on Independent and Dependent Variables  

PubMed Central

In order to build a combined model which can meet the variation rule of death toll data for road traffic accidents and can reflect the influence of multiple factors on traffic accidents and improve prediction accuracy for accidents, the Verhulst model was built based on the number of death tolls for road traffic accidents in China from 2002 to 2011; and car ownership, population, GDP, highway freight volume, highway passenger transportation volume, and highway mileage were chosen as the factors to build the death toll multivariate linear regression model. Then the two models were combined to be a combined prediction model which has weight coefficient. Shapley value method was applied to calculate the weight coefficient by assessing contributions. Finally, the combined model was used to recalculate the number of death tolls from 2002 to 2011, and the combined model was compared with the Verhulst and multivariate linear regression models. The results showed that the new model could not only characterize the death toll data characteristics but also quantify the degree of influence to the death toll by each influencing factor and had high accuracy as well as strong practicability. PMID:25610454

Zhong-xiang, Feng; Shi-sheng, Lu; Wei-hua, Zhang; Nan-nan, Zhang

2014-01-01

103

School-Based Initial Vocational Education in the Republic of Ireland: The Parity of Esteem and Fitness for Purpose of the Leaving Certificate Applied  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Irish Leaving Certificate Applied (LCA) is a school-based, pre-vocational alternative to the "high stakes" established Leaving Certificate. Its origins lie in European Union funded "school to work" initiatives and it is currently taken to completion by some 5% of Irish senior cycle students. Since it was designed 20 years…

Gleeson, Jim; O'Flaherty, Joanne

2013-01-01

104

Risk adjusting cesarean delivery rates: a comparison of hospital profiles based on medical record and birth certificate data.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: Compare the discrimination of risk-adjustment models for primary cesarean delivery derived from medical record data and birth certificate data and determine if the two types of models yield similar hospital profiles of risk-adjusted cesarean delivery rates. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: The study involved 29,234 women without prior cesarean delivery admitted for labor and delivery in 1993-95 to 20 hospitals in northeast Ohio for whom data abstracted from patient medical records and data from birth certificates could be linked. STUDY DESIGN: Three pairs of multivariate models of the risk of cesarean delivery were developed using (1) the full complement of variables in medical records or birth certificates; (2) variables that were common to the two sources; and (3) variables for which agreement between the two data sources was high. Using each of the six models, predicted rates of cesarean delivery were determined for each hospital. Hospitals were classified as outliers if observed and predicted rates of cesarean delivery differed (p < .05). PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Discrimination of the full medical record and birth certificate models was higher (p < .001) than the discrimination of the more limited common and reliable variable models. Based on the full medical record model, six hospitals were classified as statistical (p < .01) outliers (three high and three low). In contrast, the full birth certificate model identified five low and four high outliers, and classifications differed for seven of the 20 hospitals. Even so, the correlation between adjusted hospital rates was substantial (r = .71). Interestingly, correlations between the full medical record model and the more limited common (r = .84) and reliable (r = .88) variable birth certificate models were higher, and differences in classification of hospital outlier status were fewer. CONCLUSION: Birth certificates can be used to develop cesarean delivery risk-adjustment models that have excellent discrimination. However, using the full complement of birth certificate variables may lead to biased hospital comparisons. In contrast, limiting models to data elements with known reliability may yield rankings that are more similar to rankings based on medical record data. PMID:11666112

DiGiuseppe, D L; Aron, D C; Payne, S M; Snow, R J; Dierker, L; Rosenthal, G E

2001-01-01

105

NATIONAL VITAL STATISTICS SYSTEM - LINKED BIRTH AND INFANT DEATH DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

In 1983, NCHS established a research data set comprised of linked birth and death certificates for infants born in the United States who died before reaching one year of age. In this data set, information from the death certificate is linked with information from the birth certif...

106

ORACLE CERTIFICATION Oracle Database  

E-print Network

ORACLE CERTIFICATION Oracle Database Administration Certificate Program Train with the best. Get your Oracle Database Administration education from the number-one provider* of Oracle training-on, lab-based understanding of Oracle, the world's leading database platform, and long the product

Loudon, Catherine

107

Information Technology Student-Based Certification in Formal Education Settings: Who Benefits and What Is Needed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing trend within secondary and post-secondary institutions to offer information technology (IT) certification programs as instructional vehicles to provide students with viable skills needed by the workforce, to satisfy state skill standards, and to prepare students for post-secondary IT studies. The use of IT certification programs…

Randall, Michael H.; Zirkle, Christopher J.

2005-01-01

108

Inference of epidemiological dynamics based on simulated phylogenies using birth-death and coalescent models.  

PubMed

Quantifying epidemiological dynamics is crucial for understanding and forecasting the spread of an epidemic. The coalescent and the birth-death model are used interchangeably to infer epidemiological parameters from the genealogical relationships of the pathogen population under study, which in turn are inferred from the pathogen genetic sequencing data. To compare the performance of these widely applied models, we performed a simulation study. We simulated phylogenetic trees under the constant rate birth-death model and the coalescent model with a deterministic exponentially growing infected population. For each tree, we re-estimated the epidemiological parameters using both a birth-death and a coalescent based method, implemented as an MCMC procedure in BEAST v2.0. In our analyses that estimate the growth rate of an epidemic based on simulated birth-death trees, the point estimates such as the maximum a posteriori/maximum likelihood estimates are not very different. However, the estimates of uncertainty are very different. The birth-death model had a higher coverage than the coalescent model, i.e. contained the true value in the highest posterior density (HPD) interval more often (2-13% vs. 31-75% error). The coverage of the coalescent decreases with decreasing basic reproductive ratio and increasing sampling probability of infecteds. We hypothesize that the biases in the coalescent are due to the assumption of deterministic rather than stochastic population size changes. Both methods performed reasonably well when analyzing trees simulated under the coalescent. The methods can also identify other key epidemiological parameters as long as one of the parameters is fixed to its true value. In summary, when using genetic data to estimate epidemic dynamics, our results suggest that the birth-death method will be less sensitive to population fluctuations of early outbreaks than the coalescent method that assumes a deterministic exponentially growing infected population. PMID:25375100

Boskova, Veronika; Bonhoeffer, Sebastian; Stadler, Tanja

2014-11-01

109

Inference of Epidemiological Dynamics Based on Simulated Phylogenies Using Birth-Death and Coalescent Models  

PubMed Central

Quantifying epidemiological dynamics is crucial for understanding and forecasting the spread of an epidemic. The coalescent and the birth-death model are used interchangeably to infer epidemiological parameters from the genealogical relationships of the pathogen population under study, which in turn are inferred from the pathogen genetic sequencing data. To compare the performance of these widely applied models, we performed a simulation study. We simulated phylogenetic trees under the constant rate birth-death model and the coalescent model with a deterministic exponentially growing infected population. For each tree, we re-estimated the epidemiological parameters using both a birth-death and a coalescent based method, implemented as an MCMC procedure in BEAST v2.0. In our analyses that estimate the growth rate of an epidemic based on simulated birth-death trees, the point estimates such as the maximum a posteriori/maximum likelihood estimates are not very different. However, the estimates of uncertainty are very different. The birth-death model had a higher coverage than the coalescent model, i.e. contained the true value in the highest posterior density (HPD) interval more often (2–13% vs. 31–75% error). The coverage of the coalescent decreases with decreasing basic reproductive ratio and increasing sampling probability of infecteds. We hypothesize that the biases in the coalescent are due to the assumption of deterministic rather than stochastic population size changes. Both methods performed reasonably well when analyzing trees simulated under the coalescent. The methods can also identify other key epidemiological parameters as long as one of the parameters is fixed to its true value. In summary, when using genetic data to estimate epidemic dynamics, our results suggest that the birth-death method will be less sensitive to population fluctuations of early outbreaks than the coalescent method that assumes a deterministic exponentially growing infected population. PMID:25375100

Boskova, Veronika; Bonhoeffer, Sebastian; Stadler, Tanja

2014-01-01

110

Body mass and corrective factor: impact on temperature-based death time estimation.  

PubMed

Model-based methods play an important role in temperature-based death time determination. The most prominent method uses Marshall and Hoare's double exponential model with Henssge's parameter determination. The formulae contain body mass as the only non-temperature parameter. Henssge's method is well established since it can be adapted to non-standard cooling situations varying the parameter body mass by multiplying it with the corrective factor. The present study investigates the influence of measurement errors of body mass m as well as of variations of the corrective factor c on the error of the Marshall and Hoare-Henssge death time estimator t (D). A formula for the relative error of t (D) as a function of the relative error of m is derived. Simple approximations of order 1 and 0 nevertheless yield acceptable results validated by Monte Carlo simulations. They also provide the rule of thumb according to which the quotient of the standard deviations D(t (D)) of the estimated death time and D(m) of the body mass is equal to the quotient of the estimated death time t (D) and the body mass m (D(t (D))/D(m) ? t (D)/m). Additionally, formulae and their approximations are derived to quantify the influence of Henssge's body mass corrective factor c on death time estimation. In a range of body masses between 50 and 150 kg, the relative variation of the body mass corrective factor is approximately equal to the relative variation of the death time (?t (D) = (t (D)/c)?c). This formula is applied and compared to computations and to experimental cooling data with good results. PMID:21286739

Hubig, Michael; Muggenthaler, Holger; Sinicina, Inga; Mall, Gita

2011-05-01

111

Psychiatric disorders following fetal death: a population-based cohort study  

PubMed Central

Objectives Women have increased risks of severe mental disorders after childbirth and death of a child, but it remains unclear whether this association also applies to fetal loss and, if so, to which extent. We studied the risk of any inpatient or outpatient psychiatric treatment during the time period from 12?months before to 12?months after fetal death. Design Cohort study using Danish population-based registers. Setting Denmark. Participants A total of 1?112?831 women born in Denmark from 1960 to 1995 were included. In total, 87?687cases of fetal death (International Classification of Disease-10 codes for spontaneous abortion or stillbirth) were recorded between 1996 and 2010. Primary and secondary outcome measures The main outcome measures were incidence rate ratios (risk of first psychiatric inpatient or outpatient treatment). Results A total of 1379 women had at least one psychiatric episode during follow-up from the year before fetal death to the year after. Within the first few months after the loss, women had an increased risk of psychiatric contact, IRR: 1.51 (95% CI 1.15 to 1.99). In comparison, no increased risk of psychiatric contact was found for the period before fetal death. The risk of experiencing a psychiatric episode was highest for women with a loss occurring after 20?weeks of gestation (12?month probability: 1.95%, 95% CI 1.50 to 2.39). Conclusions Fetal death was associated with a transient increased risk of experiencing a first-time episode of a psychiatric disorder, primarily adjustment disorders. The risk of psychiatric episodes tended to increase with increasing gestational age at the time of the loss. PMID:24907247

Munk-Olsen, Trine; Bech, Bodil Hammer; Vestergaard, Mogens; Li, Jiong; Olsen, Jørn; Laursen, Thomas Munk

2014-01-01

112

38 CFR 51.20 - Application for recognition based on certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) PER DIEM FOR NURSING HOME CARE OF VETERANS IN STATE HOMES Obtaining Per Diem for Nursing Home Care in State Homes § 51.20...and certification of a State home for nursing home care, a State must:...

2011-07-01

113

38 CFR 51.20 - Application for recognition based on certification.  

...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) PER DIEM FOR NURSING HOME CARE OF VETERANS IN STATE HOMES Obtaining Per Diem for Nursing Home Care in State Homes § 51.20...and certification of a State home for nursing home care, a State must:...

2014-07-01

114

38 CFR 51.20 - Application for recognition based on certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) PER DIEM FOR NURSING HOME CARE OF VETERANS IN STATE HOMES Obtaining Per Diem for Nursing Home Care in State Homes § 51.20...and certification of a State home for nursing home care, a State must:...

2012-07-01

115

38 CFR 51.20 - Application for recognition based on certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) PER DIEM FOR NURSING HOME CARE OF VETERANS IN STATE HOMES Obtaining Per Diem for Nursing Home Care in State Homes § 51.20...and certification of a State home for nursing home care, a State must:...

2013-07-01

116

38 CFR 51.20 - Application for recognition based on certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) PER DIEM FOR NURSING HOME CARE OF VETERANS IN STATE HOMES Obtaining Per Diem for Nursing Home Care in State Homes § 51.20...and certification of a State home for nursing home care, a State must:...

2010-07-01

117

Modeling and using a web-based and tutored portfolio to support certification of professional competence in transfusion medicine  

PubMed Central

In order to manage a nationwide assessment program leading to certification of professional competence in blood transfusion throughout France, the National Institute of Blood Transfusion (INTS) and the University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis designed and developed a structured and tutored web-based portfolio. The entire process of certification has been approved by the national healthcare agency (HAS). Eleven assessment programs have been written. The structure of this e-portfolio is based on a matrix of actions defined according to standards of practice. For each action, elements of proof are uploaded by the physician and peer-reviewed by an expert (a tutor) before validation. The electronic portfolio stores all the history of the actions performed by users. This tracking feature generates alerts which are e-mailed to users (physicians and tutors) according to a list of monitored events. After one year of design and development, the application is now being used routinely. PMID:18999167

Staccini, Pascal; Rouger, Philippe

2008-01-01

118

Unintentional carbon monoxide-related deaths in the United States, 1979 through 1988  

SciTech Connect

OBJECTIVE. To describe the epidemiology of recent unintentional carbon monoxide poisoning deaths in the United States. DESIGN. Descriptive analysis of carbon monoxide-related deaths in the United States from 1979 through 1988, based on death certificate reports compiled by the National Center for Health Statistics. POPULATION STUDIED. All US deaths, 1979 through 1988. RESULTS. We reviewed data from 56,133 death certificates that contained codes implicating carbon monoxide as a contributing cause of death. Of these, 25,889 were suicides, 210 were homicides, 15,523 were associated with severe burns or house fires, and 11,547 were classified as unintentional. The number of unintentional deaths decreased steadily by about 63 deaths per year, from 1513 in 1979 to 878 in 1988. The highest death rates occurred in winter and among males, blacks, the elderly, and residents of northern states. Motor vehicle exhaust gas caused 6552 (57%) of the unintentional deaths; 5432 (83%) of these were associated with stationary automobiles. CONCLUSIONS. The rate of unintentional death from carbon monoxide poisoning is decreasing. This may be attributable to improvements in automobile pollution control systems and improved safety of cooking and heating appliances. Prevention programs should target young drivers, males, and the elderly.

Cobb, N.; Etzel, R.A. (Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA (USA))

1991-08-07

119

Prison tobacco control policies and deaths from smoking in United States prisons: population based retrospective analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine the mortality attributable to smoking and years of potential life lost from smoking among people in prison and whether bans on smoking in prison are associated with reductions in smoking related deaths. Design Analysis of cross sectional survey data with the smoking attributable mortality, morbidity, and economic costs system; population based time series analysis. Setting All state prisons in the United States. Main outcome measures Prevalence of smoking from cross sectional survey of inmates in state correctional facilities. Data on state prison tobacco policies from web based searches of state policies and legislation. Deaths and causes of death in US state prisons from the deaths in custody reporting program of the Bureau of Justice Statistics for 2001-11. Smoking attributable mortality and years of potential life lost was assessed from the smoking attributable mortality, morbidity, and economic costs system of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Multivariate Poisson models quantified the association between bans and smoking related cancer, cardiovascular and pulmonary deaths. Results The most common causes of deaths related to smoking among people in prison were lung cancer, ischemic heart disease, other heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and chronic airways obstruction. The age adjusted smoking attributable mortality and years of potential life lost rates were 360 and 5149 per 100?000, respectively; these figures are higher than rates in the general US population (248 and 3501, respectively). The number of states with any smoking ban increased from 25 in 2001 to 48 by 2011. In prisons the mortality rate from smoking related causes was lower during years with a ban than during years without a ban (110.4/100?000 v 128.9/100?000). Prisons that implemented smoking bans had a 9% reduction (adjusted incidence rate ratio 0.91, 95% confidence interval 0.88 to 0.95) in smoking related deaths. Bans in place for longer than nine years were associated with reductions in cancer mortality (adjusted incidence rate ratio 0.81, 95% confidence interval 0.74 to 0.90). Conclusions Smoking contributes to substantial mortality in prison, and prison tobacco control policies are associated with reduced mortality. These findings suggest that smoking bans have health benefits for people in prison, despite the limits they impose on individual autonomy and the risks of relapse after release. PMID:25097186

Carson, E Ann; Krueger, Patrick M; Mueller, Shane R; Steiner, John F; Sabol, William J

2014-01-01

120

Record-linkage comparison of verbal autopsy and routine civil registration death certification in rural north-east South Africa: 2006–09  

PubMed Central

Background: South African civil registration (CR) provides a key data source for local health decision making, and informs the levels and causes of mortality in data-lacking sub-Saharan African countries. We linked mortality data from CR and the Agincourt Health and Socio-demographic Surveillance System (Agincourt HDSS) to examine the quality of rural CR data. Methods: Deterministic and probabilistic techniques were used to link death data from 2006 to 2009. Causes of death were aggregated into the WHO Mortality Tabulation List 1 and a locally relevant short list of 15 causes. The matching rate was compared with informant-reported death registration. Using the VA diagnoses as reference, misclassification patterns, sensitivity, positive predictive values and cause-specific mortality fractions (CSMFs) were calculated for the short list. Results: A matching rate of 61% [95% confidence interval (CI): 59.2 to 62.3] was attained, lower than the informant-reported registration rate of 85% (CI: 83.4 to 85.8). For the 2264 matched cases, cause agreement was 15% (kappa 0.1083, CI: 0.0995 to 0.1171) for the WHO list, and 23% (kappa 0.1631, CI: 0.1511 to 0.1751) for the short list. CSMFs were significantly different for all but four (tuberculosis, cerebrovascular disease, other heart disease, and ill-defined natural) of the 15 causes evaluated. Conclusion: Despite data limitations, it is feasible to link official CR and HDSS verbal autopsy data. Data linkage proved a promising method to provide empirical evidence about the quality and utility of rural CR mortality data. Agreement of individual causes of death was low but, at the population level, careful interpretation of the CR data can assist health prioritization and planning. PMID:25146564

Joubert, Jané; Bradshaw, Debbie; Kabudula, Chodziwadziwa; Rao, Chalapati; Kahn, Kathleen; Mee, Paul; Tollman, Stephen; Lopez, Alan D; Vos, Theo

2014-01-01

121

Prediction of proapoptotic anticancer therapeutic response in vivo based on cell death visualization and TRAIL death ligand-receptor interaction.  

PubMed

Tumor growth is often associated with insufficient apoptosis. The Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF)-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand (TRAIL) and its proapoptotic receptors death receptor 4 (DR4) and DR5 agonistic monoclonal antibodies are being developed as targeted therapeutics because they kill cancer cells while sparing normal cells. A challenge to targeted therapeutics is the selection of patients who are most likely to benefit from targeted drugs because of the heterogeneity of cancer. Molecular imaging may be useful in targeted drug development by assessing the target expression and drug-target interaction, and for predicting therapeutic response. We hypothesized that the cell surface expression level of DR4/5 may predict the proapoptotic targeted therapeutic response if the signaling pathway downstream is intact. The goal of this proof-of-concept study was to develop a molecular imaging strategy to predict proapoptotic anti-cancer therapy response at an early stage of treatment. TRAIL and the DR5 agonistic monoclonal antibody HGS-ETR2 (Lexatumumab, TRM-2) were labeled with a near-infrared dye and these were used to image the TRAIL receptors on cultured TRAIL sensitive and TRAIL resistant human tumor cells as well as tumor xenografts. Imaging of cells and tumor-bearing animals was conducted with near infrared fluorescence imagers and apoptosis in cells was assessed by western blots of PARP-cleavage and flow cytometry of sub-G1 content. Apoptosis in tumors was evaluated by imaging near-infrared dye-labeled Annexin V and tumor tissue activated caspase-3 staining. Both in vitro and in vivo studies showed that imaging of death inducing ligand-receptor interaction was consistent with the apoptosis readout. Thus TRAIL sensitive tumors that express TRAIL receptors underwent cell death following treatment whereas tumors lacking TRAIL receptor expression were shown to be TRAIL resistant. In vivo molecular imaging of TRAIL receptor expression correlated with response to TRAIL therapy and an apoptotic response in vivo. PMID:21785270

Zhou, LanLan; Wang, Wenge; Dicker, David T; Humphreys, Robin C; El-Deiry, Wafik S

2011-08-15

122

Patterns in Place of Cancer Death in the State of Qatar: A Population-Based Study  

PubMed Central

Background International studies show that most people prefer to die at home; however, hospitals remain the most common place of death (PoD). This study aims to investigate the patterns in PoD and the associated factors, which are crucial for end-of-life cancer care enhancement. Method This retrospective, population-based study analyzed all registered cancer deaths in Qatar between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2012 (n?=?1,224). The main outcome measures were patient characteristics: age, gender, nationality, cancer diagnosis, year of death, and PoD. Time trends for age-standardized proportions of death in individual PoDs were evaluated using chi-square analysis. Odds ratio (OR) were determined for variables associated with the most preferred (acute palliative care unit [APCU] and hematology/oncology ward) versus least preferred (ICU and general medicine ward) PoDs in Qatar, stratified by nationality. Results The hematology/oncology ward was the most common PoD (32.4%; 95% CI 26.7–35.3%) followed by ICU (31.4%; 95% CI 28.7–34.3%), APCU (26.9%; 95% CI 24.3–29.6%), and general medicine ward (9.2%; 95% CI 7.6–11.1%). APCU trended upward (+0.057/year; p<0.001), while the hematology/oncology ward trended downward (?0.055/year; p<0.001). No statistically significant changes occurred in the other PoDs; home deaths remained low (0.4%; 95% Cl 0.38–0.42). Qataris who died from liver cancer (OR 0.23) and aged 65 or older (OR 0.64) were less likely to die in the APCU or hematology/oncology ward (p<0.05). Non-Qataris who died from pancreatic cancer (OR 3.12) and female (OR 2.05) were more likely to die in the APCU or hematology/oncology ward (p<0.05). Both Qataris and non-Qataris who died from hematologic malignancy (OR 0.18 and 0.41, respectively) were more likely to die in the ICU or general medicine ward (p<0.05). Conclusion A high percentage of cancer deaths in Qatar occur in hospital. As home was the preferred PoD for most people, effective home care and hospice programs are needed to improve end-of-life cancer care. PMID:25536076

Mohsen, Hassan; Haddad, Pascale; Allam, Ayman; Hassan, Azza

2014-01-01

123

Induction of cell death in a glioblastoma line by hyperthermic therapy based on gold nanorods  

PubMed Central

Background Metallic nanorods are promising agents for a wide range of biomedical applications. In this study, we developed an optical hyperthermia method capable of inducing in vitro death of glioblastoma cells. Methods The procedure used was based on irradiation of gold nanorods with a continuous wave laser. This kind of nanoparticle converts absorbed light into localized heat within a short period of time due to the surface plasmon resonance effect. The effectiveness of the method was determined by measuring changes in cell viability after laser irradiation of glioblastoma cells in the presence of gold nanorods. Results Laser irradiation in the presence of gold nanorods induced a significant decrease in cell viability, while no decrease in cell viability was observed with laser irradiation or incubation with gold nanorods alone. The mechanism of cell death mediated by gold nanorods during photothermal ablation was analyzed, indicating that treatment compromised the integrity of the cell membrane instead of initiating the process of programmed cell death. Conclusion The use of gold nanorods in hyperthermal therapies is very effective in eliminating glioblastoma cells, and therefore represents an important area of research for therapeutic development. PMID:22619509

Fernandez Cabada, Tamara; Sanchez Lopez de Pablo, Cristina; Martinez Serrano, Alberto; del Pozo Guerrero, Francisco; Serrano Olmedo, Jose Javier; Ramos Gomez, Milagros

2012-01-01

124

Causes of death in osteogenesis imperfecta  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMS: To determine the causes of death in patients with osteogenesis imperfecta, excluding infants with the perinatal lethal form (type II). METHODS: Seventy nine patients with known osteogenesis imperfecta were identified, 37 of whom had been seen clinically in life. Causes of death were identified from death certificates, postmortem reports, medical records, hospital consultants, relatives, and the Brittle Bone Society's

S J McAllion; C R Paterson

1996-01-01

125

Preliminary Evaluation of a Hospital-Based Continuing Education Workshop on Death and Dying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A systematic, preliminary evaluation of the impact of a death and dying workshop on participants' attitudes toward life and death is described. Results were statistically significant for one measure (fear of death) in the expected direction but not for two others (attitudes toward life and anxiety about death). (LBH)

Durlak, Joseph A.; Burchard, Joyce A.

1977-01-01

126

Research of data warehouse established methods based on civil aviation medicine certification management information system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 5 years ago, civil aviation medicine certification management information system (CAMC system) has been applied in China. As relative dataset increases rapidly, data mining techniques become more and more important. A significant initial step toward the most effective mining is the development of civil aviation medicine data warehouse which integrates data from CAMC system and other sources into separated,

Yuan Cao; Qianfeng Liu; Zheng Zheng; Hong Su

2010-01-01

127

20 CFR 410.679 - Finality of findings with respect to other claims for benefits based on the disability or death...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...benefits based on the disability or death of a miner. 410.679 Section...SAFETY ACT OF 1969, TITLE IV-BLACK LUNG BENEFITS (1969...benefits based on the disability or death of a miner. Findings of...benefits based on the disability or death of the same miner, even...

2011-04-01

128

16 CFR 1204.14 - Certification tests.  

...OMNIDIRECTIONAL CITIZENS BAND BASE STATION ANTENNAS Certification § 1204.14 Certification...program for a particular model of CB antennas is one which demonstrates with a high degree of assurance that all the antennas of that model will meet...

2014-01-01

129

40 CFR 745.226 - Certification of individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: target housing and...  

...or (3 ) Certification as an industrial hygienist, professional engineer...and/or certification in a related engineering/health/environmental field (e...supervisors. (2 ) Bachelor's degree in engineering, architecture, or a related...

2014-07-01

130

40 CFR 745.226 - Certification of individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: target housing and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...or (3 ) Certification as an industrial hygienist, professional engineer...and/or certification in a related engineering/health/environmental field (e...supervisors. (2 ) Bachelor's degree in engineering, architecture, or a related...

2013-07-01

131

40 CFR 745.226 - Certification of individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: target housing and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...or (3 ) Certification as an industrial hygienist, professional engineer...and/or certification in a related engineering/health/environmental field (e...supervisors. (2 ) Bachelor's degree in engineering, architecture, or a related...

2012-07-01

132

40 CFR 745.226 - Certification of individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: target housing and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...or (3 ) Certification as an industrial hygienist, professional engineer...and/or certification in a related engineering/health/environmental field (e...supervisors. (2 ) Bachelor's degree in engineering, architecture, or a related...

2011-07-01

133

40 CFR 745.226 - Certification of individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: target housing and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...or (3 ) Certification as an industrial hygienist, professional engineer...and/or certification in a related engineering/health/environmental field (e...supervisors. (2 ) Bachelor's degree in engineering, architecture, or a related...

2010-07-01

134

Infant Maltreatment-Related Mortality in Alaska: Correcting the Count and Using Birth Certificates to Predict Mortality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To accurately count the number of infant maltreatment-related fatalities and to use information from the birth certificates to predict infant maltreatment-related deaths. Methods: A population-based retrospective cohort study of infants born in Alaska for the years 1992 through 2005 was conducted. Risk factor variables were ascertained…

Parrish, Jared W.; Gessner, Bradford D.

2010-01-01

135

Certificate in Foresight Online Certificate  

E-print Network

Certificate in Foresight Online Certificate The University of Houston offers two types of Foresight Texas Common Application for Foresight at the University of Houston. 2. A letter of intent to the Academic Services Center in the College of Technology (address below) stating that the application

Azevedo, Ricardo

136

Shikonin induces immunogenic cell death in tumor cells and enhances dendritic cell-based cancer vaccine.  

PubMed

Immunogenic cell death is characterized by damage-associated molecular patterns, which can enhance the maturation and antigen uptake of dendritic cells. Shikonin, an anti-inflammatory and antitumor phytochemical, was exploited here as an adjuvant for dendritic cell-based cancer vaccines via induction of immunogenic cell death. Shikonin can effectively activate both receptor- and mitochondria-mediated apoptosis and increase the expression of all five tested damage-associated molecular patterns in the resultant tumor cell lysates. The combination treatment with damage-associated molecular patterns and LPS activates dendritic cells to a high maturation status and enhances the priming of Th1/Th17 effector cells. Shikonin-tumor cell lysate-loaded mature dendritic cells exhibit a high level of CD86 and MHC class II and activate Th1 cells. The shikonin-tumor cell lysate-loaded dendritic cell vaccines result in a strong induction of cytotoxic activity of splenocytes against target tumor cells, a retardation in tumor growth, and an increase in the survival of test mice. The much enhanced immunogenicity and efficacy of the current cancer vaccine formulation, that is, the use of shikonin-treated tumor cells as cell lysates for the pulse of dendritic cells in culture, may suggest a new ex vivo approach for developing individualized, dendritic cells-based anticancer vaccines. PMID:22527248

Chen, Hui-Ming; Wang, Pi-Hsueh; Chen, Swey-Shen; Wen, Chih-Chun; Chen, Yun-Hsiang; Yang, Wen-Chin; Yang, Ning-Sun

2012-11-01

137

Certification trails for data structures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Certification trails are a recently introduced and promising approach to fault detection and fault tolerance. The applicability of the certification trail technique is significantly generalized. Previously, certification trails had to be customized to each algorithm application; trails appropriate to wide classes of algorithms were developed. These certification trails are based on common data-structure operations such as those carried out using these sets of operations such as those carried out using balanced binary trees and heaps. Any algorithms using these sets of operations can therefore employ the certification trail method to achieve software fault tolerance. To exemplify the scope of the generalization of the certification trail technique provided, constructions of trails for abstract data types such as priority queues and union-find structures are given. These trails are applicable to any data-structure implementation of the abstract data type. It is also shown that these ideals lead naturally to monitors for data-structure operations.

Sullivan, Gregory F.; Masson, Gerald M.

1993-01-01

138

Death Imagery and Death Anxiety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the relationship between death imagery and death anxiety among 179 undergraduate students. Results reveal subjects with low death anxiety scores had more positive death images. Subjects who imagined death to be young had a more positive image of death. Death was seen as male by majority of respondents. (Author/BL)

McDonald, Rita T.; Hilgendorf, William A.

1986-01-01

139

Bioenergetic metabolites regulate base excision repair-dependent cell death in response to DNA damage.  

PubMed

Base excision repair (BER) protein expression is important for resistance to DNA damage-induced cytotoxicity. Conversely, BER imbalance [DNA polymerase beta (Polbeta) deficiency or repair inhibition] enhances cytotoxicity of radiation and chemotherapeutic DNA-damaging agents. Whereas inhibition of critical steps in the BER pathway result in the accumulation of cytotoxic DNA double-strand breaks, we report that DNA damage-induced cytotoxicity due to deficiency in the BER protein Polbeta triggers cell death dependent on poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR) polymerase activation yet independent of PAR-mediated apoptosis-inducing factor nuclear translocation or PAR glycohydrolase, suggesting that cytotoxicity is not from PAR or PAR catabolite signaling. Cell death is rescued by the NAD(+) metabolite beta-nicotinamide mononucleotide and is synergistic with inhibition of NAD(+) biosynthesis, showing that DNA damage-induced cytotoxicity mediated via BER inhibition is primarily dependent on cellular metabolite bioavailability. We offer a mechanistic justification for the elevated alkylation-induced cytotoxicity of Polbeta-deficient cells, suggesting a linkage between DNA repair, cell survival, and cellular bioenergetics. PMID:20068071

Tang, Jiang-bo; Goellner, Eva M; Wang, Xiao-hong; Trivedi, Ram N; St Croix, Claudette M; Jelezcova, Elena; Svilar, David; Brown, Ashley R; Sobol, Robert W

2010-01-01

140

Environmental Certification  

E-print Network

Environmental Compliance Inspector Certification 2009 Candidate Handbook This booklet contains... ° Subject matter for the Environmental Compliance Inspector tests ° Education and experience requirements Contents Environmental Compliance Inspector 2009 Candidate Handbook This handbook contains information

141

PREPARING FOR A SUCCESSFUL EVMS CERTIFICATION  

SciTech Connect

The client, a government agency, requires its contractor to obtain an Earned Value Management System (EVMS) certification that meets the intent of ANSI/EIA-748-B, Earned Value Management Systems. The contractor has extensive experience with certification preparation, having completed two certifications within two years. Information from a previous EVMS certification and internal system surveillances are used to prepare for client-based EVMS certifications and bi-annual surveillances. The contractor also sent members of its group to assist other companies preparing for surveillances and certifications to perform 'Black Hat Reviews.' This paper is a lessons learned on preparing a team for EVMS certification. The information is also applicable for surveillances, since the contractor prepares its team for the surveillance in the same manner as the initial certification. Some of the areas covered include required documents, tracing the data through the systems, Control Account Manager (CAM) preparation, and system verification.

CROWE SL; BASCHE AD

2011-02-09

142

Determinants of place of death: a population-based retrospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background As Canada’s population ages, the location of end of life care (whether at home, extended care facility or hospital) may change depending on the location of death. We carried out a study to identify determinants of the place of death. Methods Data on deaths in British Columbia between 2004 and 2008 were obtained from the Vital Statistics Agency. Place of death was categorized into home, extended care facility, hospital or other. Logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the effects of age, sex, marital status, residence, place of birth and cause of death on place of death using adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Results Of the 153,111 deaths in the study, 16.5% occurred at home, 29.0% in extended care, 51.0% in hospital and 3.5% occurred elsewhere. Male deaths were less likely to occur in extended care as compared with female deaths (odds ratio 0.73, 95% CI 0.71–0.75). Age (odds ratio 3.31, 95% CI 3.19–3.45 for those for ?90 vs 70–79 years), marital status (odds ratio 1.42, 95% CI 1.38–1.47 widowed vs married), residence (odds ratio 0.80, 95% CI 0.76–0.83 rural vs Vancouver), place of birth (odds ratio 0.80, 95% CI 0.75–0.86 China vs Canada) and cause of death (odds ratio 3.91, 95% CI 3.69–4.13 dementia vs cancer) were also associated with death in extended care. Conclusions Information on determinants of place of death can inform public health policy regarding care at the end of life and make resource allocation more efficient. PMID:23634892

2013-01-01

143

Cell death effects of resin-based dental material compounds and mercurials in human gingival fibroblasts.  

PubMed

In order to test the hypothesis that released dental restorative materials can reach toxic levels in human oral tissues, the cytotoxicities of the resin-based dental (co)monomers hydroxyethylmethacrylate (HEMA), triethyleneglycoldimethacrylate (TEGDMA), urethanedimethacrylate (UDMA), and bisglycidylmethacrylate (BisGMA) compared with methyl mercury chloride (MeHgCl) and the amalgam component mercuric chloride (HgCl2) were investigated on human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) using two different test systems: (1) the modified XTT-test and (2) the modified H 33342 staining assay. The HGF were exposed to various concentrations of the test-substances in all test systems for 24 h. All tested (co)monomers and mercury compounds significantly (P<0.05) decreased the formazan formation in the XTT-test. EC50 values in the XTT assay were obtained as half-maximum-effect concentrations from fitted curves. Following EC50 values were found (mean [mmol/l]; s.e.m. in parentheses; n=12; * significantly different to HEMA): HEMA 11.530 (0.600); TEGDMA* 3.460 (0.200); UDMA* 0.106 (0.005); BisGMA* 0.087 (0.001); HgCl2* 0.013 (0.001); MeHgCl* 0.005 (0.001). Following relative toxicities were found: HEMA 1; TEGDMA 3; UDMA 109; BisGMA 133; HgCl2 887; MeHgCl 2306. A significant (P<0.05) increase of the toxicity of (co)monomers and mercurials was found in the XTT-test in the following order: HEMA < TEGDMA < UDMA < BisGMA < HgCl2 < MeHgCl. TEGDMA and MeHgCl induced mainly apoptotic cell death. HEMA, UDMA, BisGMA, and HgCl2 induced mainly necrotic cell death. The results of this study indicate that resin composite components have a lower toxicity than mercury from amalgam in HGF. HEMA, BisGMA, UDMA, and HgCl2 induced mainly necrosis, but it is rather unlikely that eluted substances (solely) can reach concentrations, which might induce necrotic cell death in the human physiological situation, indicating that other (additional) factors may be involved in the induction of tissue (pulp) inflammation effects after dental restauration. PMID:16691427

Reichl, Franz-Xaver; Esters, Magali; Simon, Sabine; Seiss, Mario; Kehe, Kai; Kleinsasser, Norbert; Folwaczny, Matthias; Glas, Jürgen; Hickel, Reinhard

2006-06-01

144

Co-trimoxazole and sudden death in patients receiving inhibitors of renin-angiotensin system: population based study  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether the prescription of co-trimoxazole with an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker is associated with sudden death. Design Population based nested case-control study. Setting Ontario, Canada, from 1 April 1994 to 1 January 2012. Participants Ontario residents aged 66 years or older treated with an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker. Cases were those who died suddenly shortly after receiving an outpatient prescription for one of co-trimoxazole, amoxicillin, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, or nitrofurantoin. Each case was matched with up to four controls on age, sex, chronic kidney disease, and diabetes. Main outcome measure Odds ratio for the association between sudden death and exposure to each antibiotic relative to amoxicillin, after adjustment for predictors of sudden death according to a disease risk index. Results Of 39?879 sudden deaths, 1027 occurred within seven days of exposure to an antibiotic and were matched to 3733 controls. Relative to amoxicillin, co-trimoxazole was associated with an increased risk of sudden death (adjusted odds ratio 1.38, 95% confidence interval 1.09 to 1.76). The risk was marginally higher at 14 days (adjusted odds ratio 1.54, 1.29 to 1.84). This corresponds to approximately three sudden deaths within 14 days per 1000 co-trimoxazole prescriptions. Ciprofloxacin (a known cause of QT interval prolongation) was also associated with an increased risk of sudden death (adjusted odds ratio 1.29, 1.03 to 1.62), but no such risk was observed with nitrofurantoin or norfloxacin. Conclusions In older patients receiving angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers, co-trimoxazole is associated with an increased risk of sudden death. Unrecognized severe hyperkalemia may underlie this finding. When appropriate, alternative antibiotics should be considered in such patients. PMID:25359996

Fralick, Michael; Macdonald, Erin M; Gomes, Tara; Antoniou, Tony; Hollands, Simon; Mamdani, Muhammad M

2014-01-01

145

Facility-based maternal death reviews: effects on maternal mortality in a district hospital in Senegal.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: The improvement of obstetric services is one of the key components of the Safe Motherhood Programme. Reviewing maternal deaths and complications is one method that may make pregnancy safer, but there is no evidence about the effectiveness of this strategy. The objective of our before and after study is to assess the effect of facility-based maternal deaths reviews (MDR) on maternal mortality rates in a district hospital in Senegal that provides primary and referral maternity services. METHODS: We included all women who were admitted to the maternity unit for childbirth, or within 24 hours of delivery. We recorded maternal mortality during a 1-year baseline period from January to December 1997, and during a 3-year period from January 1998 to December 2000 after MDR had been implemented. Effects of MDR on organization of care were qualitatively evaluated. FINDINGS: The MDR strategy led to changes in organizational structure that improved life-saving interventions with a relatively large financial contribution from the community. Overall mortality significantly decreased from 0.83 (95% CI (confidence interval) = 0.60 -1.06) in baseline period to 0.41 (95% CI = 0.25 -0.56) per 100 women 3 years later. CONCLUSION: MDR had a marked effect on resources, management and maternal outcomes in this facility. However, given the design of our study and the local specific context, further research is needed to confirm the feasibility of MDR in other settings and to confirm the benefits of this approach for maternal health in developing countries. PMID:16583081

Dumont, Alexandre; Gaye, Alioune; de Bernis, Luc; Chaillet, Nils; Landry, Anne; Delage, Joanne; Bouvier-Colle, Marie-Hélène

2006-01-01

146

Motor-vehicle applications for certification by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (Latest citations from the NTIS data base). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning motor vehicle applications for certification by the Environmental Protection Agency. Certification applications are prepared by vehicle manufacturers themselves, who give detailed technical descriptions of the vehicles or engines they intend to market during the upcoming model year. These engineering data include explanations and/or drawings which describe engine/vehicle parameters such as engine design, fuel systems, ignition systems, and exhaust and evaporative emission control systems. Information on emissions test procedures, service accumulation procedures, fuels to be used, and proposed maintenance requirements to be followed during testing is also provided. Citations include the results of emissions testing, a statement of compliance with EPA regulations, production engine parameters, and a Summary Sheet Input Form on which issuance of an EPA Certificate of Conformity is based. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1992-04-01

147

Certificate Production and the Race toward Higher Degree Attainment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Complete College America and FutureWorks conducted an analysis of certificate production, the value of the certificate program, and the economic benefit it provides to the region and nation. The conclusion, based on labor market demand and both personal and economic returns, is that certificates count and the policy and trends around certificates

State Higher Education Executive Officers, 2010

2010-01-01

148

Predicting risk of hospitalisation or death: a retrospective population-based analysis  

PubMed Central

Objectives Develop predictive models using an administrative healthcare database that provide information for Patient-Centred Medical Homes to proactively identify patients at risk of hospitalisation for conditions that may be impacted through improved patient care. Design Retrospective healthcare utilisation analysis with multivariate logistic regression models. Data A population-based longitudinal database of residents served by the Emilia-Romagna, Italy, health service in the years 2004–2012 including demographic information and utilisation of health services by 3?726?380 people aged ?18?years. Outcome measures Models designed to predict risk of hospitalisation or death in 2012 for problems that are potentially avoidable were developed and evaluated using the area under the receiver operating curve C-statistic, in terms of their sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value, and for calibration to assess performance across levels of predicted risk. Results Among the 3?726?380 adult residents of Emilia-Romagna at the end of 2011, 449?163 (12.1%) were hospitalised in 2012; 4.2% were hospitalised for the selected conditions or died in 2012 (3.6% hospitalised, 1.3% died). The C-statistic for predicting 2012 outcomes was 0.856. The model was well calibrated across categories of predicted risk. For those patients in the highest predicted risk decile group, the average predicted risk was 23.9% and the actual prevalence of hospitalisation or death was 24.2%. Conclusions We have developed a population-based model using a longitudinal administrative database that identifies the risk of hospitalisation for residents of the Emilia-Romagna region with a level of performance as high as, or higher than, similar models. The results of this model, along with profiles of patients identified as high risk are being provided to the physicians and other healthcare professionals associated with the Patient Centred Medical Homes to aid in planning for care management and interventions that may reduce their patients’ likelihood of a preventable, high-cost hospitalisation. PMID:25231488

Louis, Daniel Z; Robeson, Mary; McAna, John; Maio, Vittorio; Keith, Scott W; Liu, Mengdan; Gonnella, Joseph S; Grilli, Roberto

2014-01-01

149

Sepsis-associated mortality in England: an analysis of multiple cause of death data from 2001 to 2010  

PubMed Central

Objectives To quantify mortality associated with sepsis in the whole population of England. Design Descriptive statistics of multiple cause of death data. Setting England between 2001 and 2010. Participants All people whose death was registered in England between 2001 and 2010 and whose certificate contained a sepsis-associated International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) code. Data sources Multiple cause of death data extracted from Office for National Statistics mortality database. Statistical methods Age-specific and sex-specific death rates and direct age-standardised death rates. Results In 2010, 5.1% of deaths in England were definitely associated with sepsis. Adding those that may be associated with sepsis increases this figure to 7.7% of all deaths. Only 8.6% of deaths definitely associated with sepsis in 2010 had a sepsis-related condition as the underlying cause of death. 99% of deaths definitely associated with sepsis have one of the three ICD-10 codes—A40, A41 and P36—in at least one position on the death certificate. 7% of deaths definitely associated with sepsis in 2001–2010 did not occur in hospital. Conclusions Sepsis is a major public health problem in England. In attempting to tackle the problem of sepsis, it is not sufficient to rely on hospital-based statistics, or methods of intervention, alone. A robust estimate of the burden of sepsis-associated mortality in England can be made by identifying deaths with one of the three ICD-10 codes in multiple cause of death data. These three codes could be used for future monitoring of the burden of sepsis-associated mortality. PMID:23913771

McPherson, Duncan; Griffiths, Clare; Williams, Matthew; Baker, Allan; Klodawski, Ed; Jacobson, Bobbie; Donaldson, Liam

2013-01-01

150

Reflection on family consent: based on a pregnant death in a Beijing hospital.  

PubMed

The 'family consent' process has been placed at the centre of Chinese clinical practice. Although there has been critical analysis of how the process functions in relation to the autonomy and rights of patients, there has been little examination of the perceptions and attitude of patients and their families and the medical professionals, in relation to moral dilemmas that arise in real cases in the bioethical discourse. When faced with a consent form in an emergency situation, the family member's capacity to act is reduced, as he/she becomes enmeshed in the hospital structure of tacit, socially-imposed rules. In a questionnaires based on a real death case in 2008, 70.9% of the surveyed medical professionals (n = 3,665) disagreed with performing surgery without the consent of the family even if the patient's life was in danger, while 36.6% of the surveyed patients (n = 1,198) hold the same position. This work demonstrates the weakness of the family consent process as a safeguard of patient's autonomy. Finally, I argue that saving the patient's life should be the overriding obligation rather than the respect for the surrogate's autonomous choice at such a decisive moment. PMID:21266002

Zhang, Xinqing

2012-12-01

151

Hospital-based study of severe malaria and associated deaths in Myanmar.  

PubMed

The present study identifies factors that contribute to malaria deaths in township hospitals reporting large numbers of such deaths in Myanmar. Between July and December 1995, we identified a total of 101 patients with severe and complicated malaria by screening the cases admitted to hospital with a primary diagnosis of falciparum malaria. Unrousable coma and less marked impairment of consciousness with or without other severe malaria complications, in contrast to severe malaria anaemia, were associated with all malaria deaths. Adult patients with severe malaria were 2.8 times more likely to die than child patients, with the higher risk of death among adults probably being associated with previous exposure to malaria, delay in seeking treatment and severity of the illness before admission. In view of this, we consider that malaria mortality could be reduced by improving peripheral facilities for the management of severe malaria and providing appropriate education to communities, without stepping up vector control activities. PMID:10327709

Ejov, M N; Tun, T; Aung, S; Lwin, S; Sein, K

1999-01-01

152

Genetically programmed cell death: the base of homeostasis and the form of the phytoimmunity response  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern concepts of programmed cell death, particularly the apoptosis in animals and plants are analyzed in this paper. A comparative\\u000a characteristic of apoptosis in animal and plant cells taking into consideration the physiologic features of cells is presented.\\u000a Necrosis as a form of pathological and not genetically programmed cell death is characterized. The significance (necessity)\\u000a of apoptosis during the formation

A. M. Kyrychenko; O. G. Kovalenko

2010-01-01

153

Emergency referral transport for maternal complication: lessons from the community based maternal death audits in Unnao district, Uttar Pradesh, India  

PubMed Central

Background: An effective emergency referral transport system is the link between the home of the pregnant woman and a health facility providing basic or comprehensive emergency obstetric care. This study attempts to explore the role of emergency transport associated with maternal deaths in Unnao district, Uttar Pradesh (UP). Methods: A descriptive study was carried out to assess the causes of and factors leading to maternal deaths in Unnao district, UP, through community based Maternal Death Review (MDR) using verbal autopsy, in a sample of 57 maternal deaths conducted between June 1, 2009, and May 31, 2010. A facility review was also conducted in 15 of the 16 block level and district health facilities to collect information on preparedness of the facilities for treating obstetric complications including referral transportation. A descriptive analysis was carried out using ratios and percentages to analyze the availability of basic facilities which may lead to maternal deaths. Results: It was found that there were only 10 ambulances available at 15 facilities against 19 required as per Indian Public Health Standards (IPHS). About 47% of the deaths took place in a facility, 30% enroute to a health facility and 23% at home. Twenty five percent of women were taken to one facility, 32% were taken to two facilities, and 25% were taken to three facilities while 19% were not taken to any facility before their death. Sixteen percent of the pregnant women could not arrange transportation to reach any facility. The mean time to make arrangements for travel from home to facility-1 and facility-2 to facility-3 was 3.1 hours; whereas from facility-1 to facility-2 was 9.9 hours. The mean travel time from home to facility-1 was 1 hour, from facility-1 to facility-2 was 1.4 hours and facility-2 to facility-3 was 1.6 hours. Conclusion: The public health facility review and MDR, clearly indicates that the inter-facility transfers appropriateness and timeliness of referral are major contributing factor for maternal deaths in Unnao district, UP. The UP Government, besides strengthening Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (EmONC) and Basic Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (BEmONC) services in the district and state as a whole, also needs to focus on developing a functional and effective referral system on a priority basis to reduce the maternal deaths in Unnao district.

Raj, Sunil Saksena; Manthri, Suneedh; Sahoo, Pratap Kumar

2015-01-01

154

Effect of Cause-of-Death Training on Agreement Between Hospital Discharge Diagnoses and Cause of Death Reported, Inpatient Hospital Deaths, New York City, 2008–2010  

PubMed Central

Introduction Accurate cause-of-death reporting is required for mortality data to validly inform public health programming and evaluation. Research demonstrates overreporting of heart disease on New York City death certificates. We describe changes in reported causes of death following a New York City health department training conducted in 2009 to improve accuracy of cause-of-death reporting at 8 hospitals. The objective of our study was to assess the degree to which death certificates citing heart disease as cause of death agreed with hospital discharge data and the degree to which training improved accuracy of reporting. Methods We analyzed 74,373 death certificates for 2008 through 2010 that were linked with hospital discharge records for New York City inpatient deaths and calculated the proportion of discordant deaths, that is, death certificates reporting an underlying cause of heart disease with no corresponding discharge record diagnosis. We also summarized top principal diagnoses among discordant reports and calculated the proportion of inpatient deaths reporting sepsis, a condition underreported in New York City, to assess whether documentation practices changed in response to clarifications made during the intervention. Results Citywide discordance between death certificates and discharge data decreased from 14.9% in 2008 to 9.6% in 2010 (P < .001), driven by a decrease in discordance at intervention hospitals (20.2% in 2008 to 8.9% in 2010; P < .001). At intervention hospitals, reporting of sepsis increased from 3.7% of inpatient deaths in 2008 to 20.6% in 2010 (P < .001). Conclusion Overreporting of heart disease as cause of death declined at intervention hospitals, driving a citywide decline, and sepsis reporting practices changed in accordance with health department training. Researchers should consider the effect of overreporting and data-quality changes when analyzing New York City heart disease mortality trends. Other vital records jurisdictions should employ similar interventions to improve cause-of-death reporting and use linked discharge data to monitor data quality. PMID:25590598

Ong, Paulina; Gambatese, Melissa; Begier, Elizabeth; Zimmerman, Regina; Soto, Antonio

2015-01-01

155

Patterns of cell death induced by eluates from denture base acrylic resins in U-937 human monoblastoid cells.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate in vitro the apoptosis- and necrosis-inducing potential of eluates from three heat-polymerized and four autopolymerized poly(methyl methacrylate)-based denture base resins. Our hypothesis was that the rate of cell death by apoptosis and/or necrosis induced by such denture base resins could be an important indicator of their cytotoxicity degree. U-937 human monoblastoid cells were exposed for 24 h and 48 h to eluates of 0.1 g/ml, 0.2 g/ml, 0.4 g/ml, and 0.8 g/ml extracted for 24 h and 48 h. The characteristics of apoptosis and necrosis were evaluated by flow cytometry and light and electron microscopy. Eluates from all resins enhanced cell death by apoptosis and necrosis in U-937 cells in a dose- and time-dependent fashion. Eluates from autopolymerized resins yielded higher percentages of apoptosis and necrosis than the heat-polymerized ones. The results support our hypothesis that eluates of poly(methyl methacrylate)-based denture base acrylic resins activate death-signaling pathways, and that the extent of this process reflects their biocompatibility degree. PMID:10706479

Cimpan, M R; Cressey, L I; Skaug, N; Halstensen, A; Lie, S A; Gjertsen, B T; Matre, R

2000-02-01

156

Environmental Certificate Program  

E-print Network

Environmental Management Certificate Program Accelerate Your Career Environmentaland Facilities of excellence. Environmental Management Certificate Program Compliance with regulatory requirements, remediation Irvine Extension's Certificate Program in Environmental Manage- ment prepares professionals at every

Rose, Michael R.

157

Contract Management Certificate Program  

E-print Network

Contract Management Certificate Program Accelerate Your Career BusinessandManagement extension bearing the UC seal signifies a well- known, uncompromising standard of academic excellence. #12;Contract Management Certificate Program UC Irvine Extension's Contract Management Certificate Program focuses on core

Rose, Michael R.

158

Comparing road traffic mortality rates from police-reported data and death registration data in China  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To compare death rates from road traffic injuries in China in 2002–2007 when derived from police-reported data versus death registration data. Methods In China, police-recorded data are obtained from police records by means of a standardized, closed-ended data collection form; these data are published in the China statistical yearbook of communication and transportation. Official death registration data, on the other hand, are obtained from death certificates completed by physicians and are published in the China health statistics yearbook. We searched both sources for data on road traffic deaths in 2002–2007, used the ?2 test to compare the mortality rates obtained, and performed linear regression to look for statistically significant trends in road traffic mortality over the period. Findings For 2002–2007, the rate of death from road traffic injuries based on death registration data was about twice as high as the rate reported by the police. Linear regression showed a significant decrease of 27% (95% confidence interval, CI: 35–19) in the death rate over the period according to police sources but no significant change according to death registration data. Conclusion The widely-cited recent drop in road traffic mortality in China, based on police-reported data, may not reflect a genuine decrease. The quality of the data obtained from police reports, which drives decision-making by the Government of China and international organizations, needs to be investigated, monitored and improved. PMID:21346889

Baker, Timothy; Baker, Susan P

2011-01-01

159

The Global Burden of Snakebite: A Literature Analysis and Modelling Based on Regional Estimates of Envenoming and Deaths  

PubMed Central

Background Envenoming resulting from snakebites is an important public health problem in many tropical and subtropical countries. Few attempts have been made to quantify the burden, and recent estimates all suffer from the lack of an objective and reproducible methodology. In an attempt to provide an accurate, up-to-date estimate of the scale of the global problem, we developed a new method to estimate the disease burden due to snakebites. Methods and Findings The global estimates were based on regional estimates that were, in turn, derived from data available for countries within a defined region. Three main strategies were used to obtain primary data: electronic searching for publications on snakebite, extraction of relevant country-specific mortality data from databases maintained by United Nations organizations, and identification of grey literature by discussion with key informants. Countries were grouped into 21 distinct geographic regions that are as epidemiologically homogenous as possible, in line with the Global Burden of Disease 2005 study (Global Burden Project of the World Bank). Incidence rates for envenoming were extracted from publications and used to estimate the number of envenomings for individual countries; if no data were available for a particular country, the lowest incidence rate within a neighbouring country was used. Where death registration data were reliable, reported deaths from snakebite were used; in other countries, deaths were estimated on the basis of observed mortality rates and the at-risk population. We estimate that, globally, at least 421,000 envenomings and 20,000 deaths occur each year due to snakebite. These figures may be as high as 1,841,000 envenomings and 94,000 deaths. Based on the fact that envenoming occurs in about one in every four snakebites, between 1.2 million and 5.5 million snakebites could occur annually. Conclusions Snakebites cause considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide. The highest burden exists in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. PMID:18986210

Kasturiratne, Anuradhani; Wickremasinghe, A. Rajitha; de Silva, Nilanthi; Gunawardena, N. Kithsiri; Pathmeswaran, Arunasalam; Premaratna, Ranjan; Savioli, Lorenzo; Lalloo, David G; de Silva, H. Janaka

2008-01-01

160

29 CFR 1919.50 - Eligibility for accreditation to certificate shore-based material handling devices covered by...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...regulations for marine terminals. 1919.50 Section 1919.50 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) GEAR CERTIFICATION Accreditation To...

2011-07-01

161

29 CFR 1919.50 - Eligibility for accreditation to certificate shore-based material handling devices covered by...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...regulations for marine terminals. 1919.50 Section 1919.50 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) GEAR CERTIFICATION Accreditation To...

2010-07-01

162

29 CFR 1919.50 - Eligibility for accreditation to certificate shore-based material handling devices covered by...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...activity performed. (c) Accreditation to conduct such nondestructive examination as may be a part of any certification activity...functions, except that any requisite wire rope tests, nondestructive examinations, and heat treatments may be carried out...

2013-07-01

163

29 CFR 1919.50 - Eligibility for accreditation to certificate shore-based material handling devices covered by...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...activity performed. (c) Accreditation to conduct such nondestructive examination as may be a part of any certification activity...functions, except that any requisite wire rope tests, nondestructive examinations, and heat treatments may be carried out...

2012-07-01

164

29 CFR 1919.50 - Eligibility for accreditation to certificate shore-based material handling devices covered by...  

...activity performed. (c) Accreditation to conduct such nondestructive examination as may be a part of any certification activity...functions, except that any requisite wire rope tests, nondestructive examinations, and heat treatments may be carried out...

2014-07-01

165

40 CFR 745.90 - Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification. 745... Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification. (a) Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification ....

2010-07-01

166

40 CFR 745.90 - Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification. ...745.90 Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification. (a) Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification...

2011-07-01

167

40 CFR 745.90 - Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification. ...745.90 Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification. (a) Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification...

2012-07-01

168

40 CFR 745.90 - Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification.  

... false Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification. ...745.90 Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification. (a) Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification....

2014-07-01

169

40 CFR 745.90 - Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification. ...745.90 Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification. (a) Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification...

2013-07-01

170

Carotid plaque burden predicts cardiovascular death: A prospective, population-based cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Ultrasonographic assessment of plaque in the carotid artery is a recognized non-invasive technique to reveal atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether plaque in the carotid arteries predicted cardiovascular (CV) death independently of traditional CV risk factors in the general population.Methods: In 1993 to 1994, a random sample of 2651 men and women, aged 41, 51,

Marina K. Christensen; Michael H. Olsen; Lars T. Jensen; Hans Ibsen

2005-01-01

171

40 CFR 94.912 - Optional certification to land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. 94.912 Section 94.912...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. This section applies to auxiliary marine engines that are identical to...

2012-07-01

172

40 CFR 94.912 - Optional certification to land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines.  

...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. 94.912 Section 94.912...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. This section applies to auxiliary marine engines that are identical to...

2014-07-01

173

40 CFR 94.912 - Optional certification to land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. 94.912 Section 94.912...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. This section applies to auxiliary marine engines that are identical to...

2010-07-01

174

40 CFR 94.912 - Optional certification to land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. 94.912 Section 94.912...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. This section applies to auxiliary marine engines that are identical to...

2013-07-01

175

40 CFR 94.912 - Optional certification to land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. 94.912 Section 94.912...land-based standards for auxiliary marine engines. This section applies to auxiliary marine engines that are identical to...

2011-07-01

176

78 FR 35115 - Listing of Color Additives Exempt From Certification; Mica-Based Pearlescent Pigments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...mica-based pearlescent pigments prepared from titanium dioxide and mica as color additives in...mica-based pearlescent pigments prepared from titanium dioxide and mica in distilled spirits...Mica-based pearlescent pigments prepared from titanium dioxide and mica are currently...

2013-06-12

177

47 CFR 64.606 - Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program...Persons With Disabilities § 64.606 Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program...notification in the Federal Register . (2) Internet-based TRS provider . Any entity...

2013-10-01

178

47 CFR 64.606 - Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program certification.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program...Persons With Disabilities § 64.606 Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program...notification in the Federal Register. (2) Internet-based TRS provider. Any entity...

2014-10-01

179

47 CFR 64.606 - Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program...Persons With Disabilities § 64.606 Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program...notification in the Federal Register . (2) Internet-based TRS provider. Any entity...

2011-10-01

180

47 CFR 64.606 - Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program...Persons With Disabilities § 64.606 Internet-based TRS provider and TRS program...notification in the Federal Register . (2) Internet-based TRS provider . Any entity...

2012-10-01

181

Cot Deaths.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the tragedy of crib deaths, giving particular attention to causes, prevention, and medical research on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Gives anecdotal accounts of coping strategies used by parents and families of SIDS infants. (DT)

Tyrrell, Shelagh

1985-01-01

182

Ill-defined causes of death in Brazil: a redistribution method based on the investigation of such causes  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To propose a method of redistributing ill-defined causes of death (IDCD) based on the investigation of such causes. METHODS In 2010, an evaluation of the results of investigating the causes of death classified as IDCD in accordance with chapter 18 of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) by the Mortality Information System was performed. The redistribution coefficients were calculated according to the proportional distribution of ill-defined causes reclassified after investigation in any chapter of the ICD-10, except for chapter 18, and used to redistribute the ill-defined causes not investigated and remaining by sex and age. The IDCD redistribution coefficient was compared with two usual methods of redistribution: a) Total redistribution coefficient, based on the proportional distribution of all the defined causes originally notified and b) Non-external redistribution coefficient, similar to the previous, but excluding external causes. RESULTS Of the 97,314 deaths by ill-defined causes reported in 2010, 30.3% were investigated, and 65.5% of those were reclassified as defined causes after the investigation. Endocrine diseases, mental disorders, and maternal causes had a higher representation among the reclassified ill-defined causes, contrary to infectious diseases, neoplasms, and genitourinary diseases, with higher proportions among the defined causes reported. External causes represented 9.3% of the ill-defined causes reclassified. The correction of mortality rates by the total redistribution coefficient and non-external redistribution coefficient increased the magnitude of the rates by a relatively similar factor for most causes, contrary to the IDCD redistribution coefficient that corrected the different causes of death with differentiated weights. CONCLUSIONS The proportional distribution of causes among the ill-defined causes reclassified after investigation was not similar to the original distribution of defined causes. Therefore, the redistribution of the remaining ill-defined causes based on the investigation allows for more appropriate estimates of the mortality risk due to specific causes. PMID:25210826

França, Elisabeth; Teixeira, Renato; Ishitani, Lenice; Duncan, Bruce Bartholow; Cortez-Escalante, Juan José; de Morais, Otaliba Libânio; Szwarcwald, Célia Landman

2014-01-01

183

Aetiology of sudden cardiac death in sport: a histopathologist's perspective  

PubMed Central

In the UK, when a young person dies suddenly, the coroner is responsible for establishing the cause of death. They will ask a consultant pathologist to carry out an autopsy in order to ascertain when, where and how that person died. Once the cause of death is established and is due to natural causes, the coroner can issue a death certificate. Importantly, the coroner is not particularly interested in the cause of death as long as it is due to natural causes, which avoids the need for an inquest (a public hearing about the death). However, if no identifiable cause is established at the initial autopsy, the coroner can refer the heart to a cardiac pathologist, since the cause of death is usually due to heart disease in most cases. Consultant histopathologists are responsible for the analysis of human tissue from both living individuals and the dead in order to make a diagnosis of disease. With recent advancements in the management protocols for routine autopsy practice and assessment following the sudden death of a young individual, this review describes the role of the consultant histopathologist in the event of a sudden death of a young athletic individual, together with the older middle-aged ‘weekend warrior’ athlete. It provides concise mechanisms for the main causes of sudden cardiac death (including coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathies, valve abnormalities, major vessel ruptures and electrical conduction abnormalities) based on detailed autopsy data from our specialised cardiac pathology laboratory. Finally, the review will discuss the role of the histopathologist in the event of a ‘negative’ autopsy. PMID:23097474

Sheppard, Mary N

2012-01-01

184

The epidemiological transition in Antananarivo, Madagascar: an assessment based on death registers (1900–2012)  

PubMed Central

Background Madagascar today has one of the highest life expectancies in sub-Saharan Africa, despite being among the poorest countries in the continent. There are relatively few detailed accounts of the epidemiological transition in this country due to the lack of a comprehensive death registration system at the national level. However, in Madagascar’s capital city, death registration was established around the start of the 20th century and is now considered virtually complete. Objective We provide an overview of trends in all-cause and cause-specific mortality in Antananarivo to document the timing and pace of the mortality decline and the changes in the cause-of-death structure. Design Death registers covering the period 1976–2012 were digitized and the population at risk of dying was estimated from available censuses and surveys. Trends for the period 1900–1976 were partly reconstructed from published sources. Results The crude death rate stagnated around 30‰ until the 1940s in Antananarivo. Mortality declined rapidly after the World War II and then resurged again in the 1980s as a result of the re-emergence of malaria and the collapse of Madagascar’s economy. Over the past 30 years, impressive gains in life expectancy have been registered thanks to the unabated decline in child mortality, despite political instability, a lasting economic crisis and the persistence of high rates of chronic malnutrition. Progress in adult survival has been more modest because reductions in infectious diseases and diseases of the respiratory system have been partly offset by increases in cardiovascular diseases, neoplasms, and other diseases, particularly at age 50 years and over. Conclusions The transition in Antananarivo has been protracted and largely dependent on anti-microbial and anti-parasitic medicine. The capital city now faces a double burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases. The ongoing registration of deaths in the capital generates a unique database to evaluate the performance of the health system and measure intervention impacts. PMID:24848650

Masquelier, Bruno; Waltisperger, Dominique; Ralijaona, Osée; Pison, Gilles; Ravélo, Arsène

2014-01-01

185

Certificates: Gateway to Gainful Employment and College Degrees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Certificates are recognition of completion of a course of study based on a specific field, usually associated with a limited set of occupations. Certificates differ from other kinds of labor market credentials such as industry-based certifications and licenses, which typically involve passing an examination to prove a specific competency,…

Carnevale, Anthony P.; Rose, Stephen J.; Hanson, Andrew R.

2012-01-01

186

78 FR 54758 - Listing of Color Additives Exempt From Certification; Mica-Based Pearlescent Pigments...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...safe use of mica-based pearlescent pigments prepared from titanium dioxide and mica as color additives in distilled spirits containing...safe use of mica-based pearlescent pigments prepared from titanium dioxide and mica as color additives in distilled spirits...

2013-09-06

187

Motor-vehicle applications for certification by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). September 1979-July 1989 (Citations from the NTIS data base). Report for September 1979-July 1989  

SciTech Connect

This bibliography contains citations concerning motor-vehicle applications for certification by the Environmental Protection Agency. The manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines he intends to market during the upcoming model year. These engineering data include explanations and/or drawings which describe engine/vehicle parameters such as basic engine design, fuel systems, ignition systems, and exhaust and evaporative emission control systems. Information on emission-test procedures, service accumulation procedures, fuels to be used, and proposed maintenance requirements to be followed during testing is also provided. Results of emission testing, a statement of compliance with the regulations, production engine parameters, and a Summary Sheet Input Form on which issuance of Certificate of Conformity is based are included. (Contains 328 citations fully indexed and including a title list.)

Not Available

1989-08-01

188

Assessment of Computer-based Geologic Mapping of Rock Units in the LANDSAT-4 Scene of Northern Death Valley, California  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Results from a series of geologic classifications conducted on a thematic mapper subscene of the northern Death Valley, California are reported. Measurements of accuracy are made through comparison with the 1977 edition of the Death Valley geologic sheet. This employs a simplified map version which is registered by computer to the image data base, allowing a pixel by pixel match with the classified scene. The results show accuracy ranges from 36 to 79% depending on the type of classifier used and the statistical adjustments made to the data. Accuracy values in identifying geologic units were 2 to 3 times higher for those in the relatively flat valleys than for units in the rugged mountainous terrain. Improvements in accuracy will be sought by correcting for slope/aspect variations in mountainous terrain using topographic data recorded in Defense Mapping Agency (DMA) tapes. The above classification results will also be compared with ratio and principal component image classifications made from the same scene.

Short, N. M.

1984-01-01

189

Group Accident Insurance Certificate  

E-print Network

Group Accident Insurance Certificate Regents of the University of New Mexico #12;#12;Life Insurance Company GROUP ACCIDENT CERTIFICATE THIS CERTIFICATE PROVIDES LIMITED COVERAGE. PLEASE READ YOUR. THIS CERTIFICATE IS ISSUED UNDER AN ACCIDENT ONLY POLICY. IT DOES NOT PAY BENEFITS FOR LOSS CAUSED BY SICKNESS. GA

New Mexico, University of

190

Epilepsy mortality and risk factors for death in epilepsy: a population-based study  

PubMed Central

Background Epilepsy is an important cause of amenable mortality but risk factors for death in epilepsy are not well understood. Aim To evaluate trends in epilepsy mortality in a large population and identify risk factors for death in epilepsy. Design and setting Nested case–control study in the UK, using data from the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) from 1993 to 2007. Method Participants were included if they had ever been diagnosed with epilepsy and prescribed anticonvulsant drugs. Trends in all-cause mortality in persons with epilepsy in the GPRD were compared with death registrations with epilepsy as the underlying cause. A nested case–control study was implemented to compare participants with epilepsy who died with those who did not die. Results The prevalence of epilepsy increased from 9 per 1000 in 1993 to 12 per 1000 in 2007, and epilepsy deaths also increased in this period. In a nested case–control study, mortality was associated with: recorded alcohol problems (odds ratio [OR] 2.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.25 to 3.89, P<0.001); having collected the last anticonvulsant prescription 90–182 days previously (OR 1.83, CI = 1.66 to 2.03, P<0.001); having an injury in the previous year (OR 1.41, 95% CI = 1.30 to 1.53, P<0.001), and having been treated for depression (OR 1.39, 95% CI = 1.28 to 1.50, P<0.001). In data available from 2004 onwards, being recorded seizure free in the previous 12 months was associated with lower mortality (OR 0.78, 95% CI = 0.71 to 0.86, P<0.001). Conclusion Mortality with epilepsy appears to be increasing. Patients who have alcohol problems, do not collect repeat prescriptions for anticonvulsant drugs, have recent injuries, or have been treated for depression may be at increased risk of death; patients who remain seizure free over 12 months are at a lower risk. PMID:21619751

Ridsdale, Leone; Charlton, Judith; Ashworth, Mark; Richardson, Mark P; Gulliford, Martin C

2011-01-01

191

Diagnosis of causes of childhood deaths in developing countries by verbal autopsy: suggested criteria. The SEARCH Team.  

PubMed Central

In the absence of medical certification of deaths in developing countries, lay reporting and verbal autopsy have emerged as useful alternative methods for collecting data on causes of death. Of these, verbal autopsy offers advantages and is widely used in field studies and child survival programmes. However, because uniform and valid criteria for the diagnosis of common causes of death are lacking, comparison of the results of different studies becomes meaningless. This article proposes such a set of criteria for the cause of death among neonates and for those aged 1-59 months. The criteria are based on the findings of earlier validation studies, a Delphi survey and the experience gained from performing 1000 verbal autopsies in Gadchiroli, India. The emergence of such standardized criteria of causes of death should be of immense value for health planning, monitoring and evaluation purposes and for interregional comparisons. PMID:1394784

Bang, A. T.; Bang, R. A.

1992-01-01

192

Ecolabeling, Product Category Rules and Certification Procedures Based on ISO 14025 Requirements (6 pp)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Goal, Scope and Background   The goal of the present paper is to demonstrate how environmental product declarations (EPDs) are developed based on a set\\u000a of product category rules (PCRs) in accordance with the requirements in the ISO 14025-standard. This is demonstrated by examples\\u000a from the furniture industry in Norway, where several case models are evaluated. To ease the capability of

Annik Magerholm Fet; Christofer Skaar

2006-01-01

193

Rapid Detection of an ABT-737-Sensitive Primed for Death State in Cells Using Microplate-Based Respirometry  

PubMed Central

Cells that exhibit an absolute dependence on the anti-apoptotic BCL-2 protein for survival are termed “primed for death” and are killed by the BCL-2 antagonist ABT-737. Many cancers exhibit a primed phenotype, including some that are resistant to conventional chemotherapy due to high BCL-2 expression. We show here that 1) stable BCL-2 overexpression alone can induce a primed for death state and 2) that an ABT-737-induced loss of functional cytochrome c from the electron transport chain causes a reduction in maximal respiration that is readily detectable by microplate-based respirometry. Stable BCL-2 overexpression sensitized non-tumorigenic MCF10A mammary epithelial cells to ABT-737-induced caspase-dependent apoptosis. Mitochondria within permeabilized BCL-2 overexpressing cells were selectively vulnerable to ABT-737-induced cytochrome c release compared to those from control-transfected cells, consistent with a primed state. ABT-737 treatment caused a dose-dependent impairment of maximal O2 consumption in MCF10A BCL-2 overexpressing cells but not in control-transfected cells or in immortalized mouse embryonic fibroblasts lacking both BAX and BAK. This impairment was rescued by delivering exogenous cytochrome c to mitochondria via saponin-mediated plasma membrane permeabilization. An ABT-737-induced reduction in maximal O2 consumption was also detectable in SP53, JeKo-1, and WEHI-231 B-cell lymphoma cell lines, with sensitivity correlating with BCL-2:MCL-1 ratio and with susceptibility (SP53 and JeKo-1) or resistance (WEHI-231) to ABT-737-induced apoptosis. Multiplexing respirometry assays to ELISA-based determination of cytochrome c redistribution confirmed that respiratory inhibition was associated with cytochrome c release. In summary, cell-based respiration assays were able to rapidly identify a primed for death state in cells with either artificially overexpressed or high endogenous BCL-2. Rapid detection of a primed for death state in individual cancers by “bioenergetics-based profiling” may eventually help identify the subset of patients with chemoresistant but primed tumors who can benefit from treatment that incorporates a BCL-2 antagonist. PMID:22880001

Clerc, Pascaline; Carey, Gregory B.; Mehrabian, Zara; Wei, Michael; Hwang, Hyehyun; Girnun, Geoffrey D.; Chen, Hegang; Martin, Stuart S.; Polster, Brian M.

2012-01-01

194

Software Certification and Software Certificate Management Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Incremental certification and re-certification of code as it is developed and modified is a prerequisite for applying modem, evolutionary development processes, which are especially relevant for NASA. For example, the Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB) report 121 concluded there is "the need for improved and uniform statistical sampling, audit, and certification processes". Also, re-certification time has been a limiting factor in making changes to Space Shuttle code close to launch time. This is likely to be an even bigger problem with the rapid turnaround required in developing NASA s replacement for the Space Shuttle, the Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV). Hence, intelligent development processes are needed which place certification at the center of development. If certification tools provide useful information, such as estimated time and effort, they are more likely to be adopted. The ultimate impact of such a tool will be reduced effort and increased reliability.

Denney, Ewen; Fischer, Bernd

2005-01-01

195

Death Runthrough  

E-print Network

Broadcast Transcript: At a certain age, we all begin to feel our mortality. Here in South Korea, they're doing something about it. Test runs for death. Well, they're not really practicing dying. They're practicing with death's accessories. That is...

Hacker, Randi

2011-11-16

196

Eighth Amendment & Death Penalty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a lesson on capital punishment for juveniles based on three hypothetical cases. The goal of the lesson is to have students understand the complexities of decisions regarding the death penalty for juveniles. (JDH)

Shortall, Joseph M.; Merrill, Denise W.

1987-01-01

197

A Death in the Family: Death as a Zen Concept  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is based on original research that explored family reaction to the death of an elderly husband and father. We interviewed 34 families (a family included a widow and two adult biological children) approximately 6 to 10 months after the death. In one-on-one interviews, we discussed family members' initial reaction to the death, how the…

Black, Helen K.; Rubinstein, Robert L.

2013-01-01

198

Parental Causes of Death in Stroke  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are many reports of familial aggregation in stroke. However, whether familial aggregation is largely due to genetic or environmental factors is not established. Consecutive subjects with stroke were matched with 2 controls per case of the same sex, born in the same year, district, and whose fathers had the same occupation. Presence on parental death certificates of cerebrovascular disease,

John M. Starr; Margaret Rush; Rhona De Mey; Martin S. Dennis

2001-01-01

199

CRITICAL ELEMENTS FOR CERTIFICATION  

EPA Science Inventory

The Microbiology Subcommittee of the Drinking Water Laboratory Certification Implementation Work Group has revised Chapter V of the Manual for the Interim Certification of Laboratories Involved in Analyzing Public Drinking Water Supplies. The technical criteria for Chapter V are ...

200

An ostracode based paleolimnologic and paleohydrologic history of Death Valley: 200 to 0 ka  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Death Valley, a complex tectonic and hydrologic basin, was cored from its lowest surface elevation to a depth of 186 m. The sediments range from bedded primary halite to black muds. Continental ostracodes found in the black muds indicate that those sediments were deposited in a variety of hydrologic settings ranging from deep, relatively fresh water to shallow saline lakes to spring discharge supported wetlands. The alkaline-enriched, calcium-depleted paleolake waters indicate extrabasinal streamflow and basin-margin spring discharge. The alkaline-depleted, calcium-enriched paleowetland waters indicate intrabasinal spring discharge. During Marine Isotope Stage 6 (MIS 6, ca. 180-140 ka) the hydrologic settings were highly variable, implying that complex relations existed between climate and basin hydrology. Termination II (MIS 6 to MIS 5E) was a complex multicyclic sequence of paleoenvironments, implying that climates oscillated between high and low effective moisture. MIS 4 (ca. 73-61 ka) was a spring discharge supported wetland complex. During MIS 2 (ca. 20-12 ka) the hydrologic settings were variable, although they are not fully understood because some black muds deposited during that time were lost during coring. ?? 2005 Geological Society of America.

Forester, R.M.; Lowenstein, T.K.; Spencer, R.J.

2005-01-01

201

Preventing Fire Death and Injury, Conducting a Fire Drill in a Group Home [and] When You Need a Fire Safety Expert. National Fire Safety Certification System. Continuing Education Program. Volume 1, Numbers 1-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three booklets provide fire safety information for staff of residential facilities serving people with developmental disabilities. Booklets focus on: (1) preventing fire death and injury, (2) conducting a fire drill in a group home, and (3) the role of fire safety experts. The first booklet stresses the elimination of the following dangers:…

Walker, Bonnie

202

Causes of death and associated risk factors among climacteric women from Southern Brazil: a population based-study  

PubMed Central

Background Aging and menopause are particular cardiovascular risk factors for women, due to estrogen deprivation at the time of menopause. Studies show that diabetes mellitus (DM), smoking, hypertension, high body mass index (BMI), and serum lipids are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), the main cause of female mortality in Brazil. The aim of this study was to assess the mortality rate, causes of death and associated risk factors in a cohort of women from Brazil. Methods A longitudinal population-based study of menopausal status is currently underway in a city in South Brazil. In 2010, a third follow-up of this population was performed to assess cardiovascular risk and mortality rate between 1995 and 2011. For this analysis, 358 participants were studied. At baseline, participants had completed a standardized questionnaire including demographic, lifestyle, medical and reproductive characteristics. In addition to the contacts with relatives, mortality data were obtained through review of medical records in all city hospitals and the Center for Health Information (NIS/RS-SES). Multivariate-adjusted hazard risk (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI95%) were estimated using Cox proportional hazards regression. Survival curves were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier curve. Results There were 17 (4.7%) deaths from all causes during the study period. Seven (41.2%) deaths were caused by CVD, including four cases of stroke and three cases of myocardial infarction. Six (35.3%) deaths were due to cancer, and four (23.5%) were due to other reasons. In the age and smoking-adjusted multivariate models, diabetes (HR 6.645, 95% CI: 1.938–22.79, p = 0.003), alcohol intake (HR 1.228, 95% CI: 1.014-1.487, p = 0.035) and postmenopausal status (HR = 6.216, 95% CI: 0.963–40.143, p = 0.055) were associated with all-cause mortality. A significant association was found between abdominal obesity (WHR ? 0.85) and mortality even after the adjustment for BMI (HR = 9.229, 95% IC: 2.083–41.504, p = 0.003). Conclusion CVD was an important cause of mortality in this cohort and DM and/or central adiposity were associated with all-cause mortality. Lifestyle and dietary factors seem to be related to risk of mortality in middle-aged women. PMID:24559309

2014-01-01

203

Supporting nurse manager certification.  

PubMed

Professional certification is desirable for nursing staff and leaders to demonstrate high levels of knowledge and expertise. Nurse managers can be role models for staff by attaining certification. The organization highlighted in this article developed a process that included an in-house nurse manager certification review course resulting in increased certification rates from 33% to 50% for nurse managers in a 14-month period. PMID:24853798

Rees, Susan; Glynn, Michele; Moore, Rebecca; Rankin, Rebecca; Stevens, Linda

2014-06-01

204

Risk factors of earthquake inpatient death: a case control study  

PubMed Central

Introduction At 2:28 p.m. on 12 May, 2008, a devastating earthquake measuring 8.0 on the Richter scale hit Wenchuan County, Sichuan Province in southwest China, and resulted in the deaths of thousands of people. To date, few epidemiological studies have been conducted on the determinants of the mortality of patients hospitalised after an earthquake. This paper is aimed at identifying the contributing factors of mortality and providing a clinical reference for the management of those injured in earthquakes. Methods A hospital-based case-control study was conducted. Cases included all deaths (n = 36) due to earthquake injuries in the West China Hospital. Controls were the quake survivors from the same hospital by at a ratio of four survivors to one death matched for sex and age. Data sources included death certificates and medical records. A conditional logistic regression was performed to assess the odds ratio (OR) of variables used in the study. A chi-squared test for trend was performed to reveal the possible relations between risk factor (variable) number and case fatality. Results People with a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) had the greatest risk of death (adjusted OR = 253.3, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 8.9 to 7208.6), followed by patients with multiple system organ failure (MSOF; adjusted OR = 87.8, 95% CI = 3.9 to 1928.3). Prior major disease and infection significantly increased the risk of earthquake-related death (adjusted OR = 14.9, 95% CI = 1.9 to 119.0; adjusted OR = 13.7, 95% CI = 1.8 to 103.7; respectively). The number of fatal cases increased as the risk factor numbers also increased. Conclusions Severe TBI, infection, MSOF and prior major disease are the significant determinants of earthquake-related inpatient death in the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. Future research with a large sample size including macro- and micro-level factors is needed. PMID:19243616

Wen, Jin; Shi, Ying Kang; Li, You Ping; Wang, Li; Cheng, Lan; Gao, Zhan; Li, Ling

2009-01-01

205

CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System: background and methodology  

PubMed Central

Objectives: This paper describes a new surveillance system called the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS), initiated by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. NVDRS's mission is the collection of detailed, timely information on all violent deaths. Design: NVDRS is a population based, active surveillance system designed to obtain a complete census of all resident and occurrent violent deaths. Each state collects information on its own deaths from death certificates, medical examiner/coroner files, law enforcement records, and crime laboratories. Deaths occurring in the same incident are linked. Over 270 data elements can be collected on each incident. Setting: The 13 state health departments of Alaska, Colorado, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia, and Wisconsin. Subjects: Cases consist of violent deaths from suicide, homicide, undetermined intent, legal intervention, and unintentional firearm injury. Information is collected on suspects as well as victims. Interventions: None. Outcome measures: The quality of surveillance will be measured in terms of its acceptability, accuracy, sensitivity, timeliness, utility, and cost. Results: The system has just been started. There are no results as yet. Conclusions: NVDRS has achieved enough support to begin data collection efforts in selected states. This system will need to overcome the significant barriers to such a large data collection effort. Its success depends on the use of its data to inform and assess violence prevention efforts. If successful, it will open a new chapter in the use of empirical information to guide public policy around violence in the United States. PMID:14760027

Paulozzi, L; Mercy, J; Frazier, L; Annest, J

2004-01-01

206

FOREST CERTIFICATION January 2008  

E-print Network

FOREST CERTIFICATION January 2008 Forest Certification Forest certification is a voluntary process through which forest landowners allow their lands and management practices to be evaluated by a neutral products and improving forest management are its two primary objectives. Many of the nation's large lumber

207

Pre-Medical Studies Certificate  

E-print Network

Pre-Medical Studies Certificate What are Pre-Medical Studies? Pre-medical studies follow the course of study you take to prepare for admission to medical school. This includes not just the necessary science but also courses in human behavior, ethics, and written and oral communication. This broad-based approach

Saldin, Dilano

208

Deaths from cerebrovascular diseases correlated to month of birth: elevated risk of death from subarachnoid hemorrhage among summer-born  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It has been suggested that maternal nutrition, and fetal and infant growth have an important effect on the risk of cardiovascular disease in adult life. We investigated the population-based distribution of deaths from cerebrovascular diseases (ICD9 codes 430, 431, or 434) in Japan in 1986-1994 as a function of birth month, by examining death-certificate records. For a total of 853 981 people born in the years 1900-1959, the distribution of the number of deaths according to the month of birth was compared with the distribution expected from the monthly numbers of all births for each sex and for the corresponding birth decade. For those born between 1920 and 1949, there were significant discrepancies between the actual numbers of deaths from subarachnoid hemorrhage (ICD9 430) and the numbers expected, and these differences were related to the month of birth. Those born in summer, June-September, consistently had an elevated risk of death, particularly men, where the excess risk was 8%-23%. This tendency was also observed, less distinctly but significantly, for deaths from intracerebral hemorrhage (ICD9 431), but was not observed for those dying from occlusion of the cerebral arteries (ICD9 434). The observation that the risk of dying from subarachnoid hemorrhage was more than 10% higher among those born in the summer implies that at least one in ten deaths from subarachnoid hemorrhage has its origin at a perinatal stage. Although variations in hypertension in later life, which could possibly be ''programmed'' during the intra-uterine stages, could be an explanation for this observation, the disease-specific nature of the observation suggests the involvement of aneurysm formation, which is a predominant cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Nonaka, K.; Imaizumi, Y.

209

Maintenance of Certification for Radiation Oncology  

SciTech Connect

Maintenance of Certification (MOC) recognizes that in addition to medical knowledge, several essential elements involved in delivering quality care must be developed and maintained throughout one's career. The MOC process is designed to facilitate and document professional development of American Board of Radiology (ABR) diplomates in the essential elements of quality care in Radiation Oncology and Radiologic Physics. ABR MOC has been developed in accord with guidelines of the American Board of Medical Specialties. All Radiation Oncology certificates issued since 1995 are 10-year, time-limited certificates; diplomates with time-limited certificates who wish to maintain specialty certification must complete specific requirements of the American Board of Radiology MOC program. Diplomates with lifelong certificates are not required to participate but are strongly encouraged to do so. Maintenance of Certification is based on documentation of participation in the four components of MOC: (1) professional standing, (2) lifelong learning and self-assessment, (3) cognitive expertise, and (4) performance in practice. Through these components, MOC addresses six competencies-medical knowledge, patient care, interpersonal and communication skills, professionalism, practice-based learning and improvement, and systems-based practice. Details of requirements for components 1, 2, and 3 of MOC are outlined along with aspects of the fourth component currently under development.

Kun, Larry E. [Radiation Oncology Trustees of the American Board of Radiology, Tucson, AZ (United States); Ang, Kian [Radiation Oncology Trustees of the American Board of Radiology, Tucson, AZ (United States); Erickson, Beth [Radiation Oncology Trustees of the American Board of Radiology, Tucson, AZ (United States); Harris, Jay [Radiation Oncology Trustees of the American Board of Radiology, Tucson, AZ (United States); Hoppe, Richard [Radiation Oncology Trustees of the American Board of Radiology, Tucson, AZ (United States); Leibel, Steve [Radiation Oncology Trustees of the American Board of Radiology, Tucson, AZ (United States); Davis, Larry [Assistant Executive Director for Radiation Oncology, American Board of Radiology, Tucson, AZ (United States); Hattery, Robert [Executive Director, American Board of Radiology, Tucson, AZ (United States)

2005-06-01

210

Certification report for the CALMAC solar powered pump  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The certification of the CALMAC solar powered thermopump is presented. Each element of the specification is delineated, together with the verification, based on analysis, similarity, inspection, or testing.

1978-01-01

211

Usefulness of an ability-based health model in work ability assessments provided by psychiatrists and psychology specialists writing social security certificates.  

PubMed

Abstract Purpose: To investigate whether adding descriptions of the health factors "ability," "environment" and "intentions/goals" to the officially sanctioned biomedical disability model (BDM) would improve assessments of work ability for social security purposes. Method: The study was based on a theoretical design consisting of textual analysis and interpretation. Two further work ability models were defined: the mixed health model (MHM), which describes health factors without assessing a person's abilities in context, and the ability-based health model (AHM), which assesses abilities in a concrete context of environment and intention. Eighty-six social security certificates, written by psychiatrists and psychology specialists in a Norwegian hospital-based mental health clinic, were analysed in relation to the three work ability/disability models. Results: In certificates based on the BDM, a general pattern was found of "gradual work training". The MHM added health factors, but without linking them together in a concrete way. With the AHM, work ability was assessed in terms of a concrete unified evaluation of the claimant's abilities, environments and intentions/goals. Conclusion: Applying the AHM in work ability assessments, in comparison with the BDM and the MHM, is useful because this foregrounds claimants' abilities in a context of concrete goals and work-related opportunities, as a unity. Implications for Rehabilitation A concept of health should include ability, environment and intentions/goals as components. When all three of these components are described in concrete terms in a work ability assessment, an integrated picture of the individual's abilities in the context of his/her particular intentions/goals and work opportunities comes to the fore. This kind of assessment makes it possible to meet the individual's needs for individual follow-up in a work environment. PMID:24986708

Solli, Hans Magnus; Barbosa da Silva, António; Egeland, Jens

2014-07-01

212

8 CFR 392.4 - Issuance of a certificate of citizenship.  

...United States citizen as of the date of his or her death. (d) Ineligibility...benefits. The granting of posthumous citizenship...amended, and issuance of a certificate under paragraph...the surviving spouse, parent, son, daughter,...

2014-01-01

213

8 CFR 392.4 - Issuance of a certificate of citizenship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...United States citizen as of the date of his or her death. (d) Ineligibility...benefits. The granting of posthumous citizenship...amended, and issuance of a certificate under paragraph...the surviving spouse, parent, son, daughter,...

2013-01-01

214

8 CFR 392.4 - Issuance of a certificate of citizenship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...United States citizen as of the date of his or her death. (d) Ineligibility...benefits. The granting of posthumous citizenship...amended, and issuance of a certificate under paragraph...the surviving spouse, parent, son, daughter,...

2012-01-01

215

8 CFR 392.4 - Issuance of a certificate of citizenship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...United States citizen as of the date of his or her death. (d) Ineligibility...benefits. The granting of posthumous citizenship...amended, and issuance of a certificate under paragraph...the surviving spouse, parent, son, daughter,...

2011-01-01

216

Underrepresentation of heroin involvement in unintentional drug overdose deaths in Allegheny County, PA.  

PubMed

Drugs contributing to overdose deaths are listed on death certificates, but their validity is rarely studied. To assess the accuracy of "morphine" and "codeine" listings on death certificates for unintentional overdose deaths in Allegheny County, PA, investigative and laboratory reports were reviewed. Deaths were reclassified as heroin-related if documentation showed 6-monoacetylmorphine in blood or urine, "stamp bags" or drug paraphernalia at scene, history of heroin use, or track marks. Deaths were considered morphine-related if notes indicated morphine use, prescription, or morphine at scene, or codeine-related if the codeine blood level exceeded morphine. Of 112 deaths with morphine but not heroin listed on the death certificate, 74 met heroin criteria and 21 morphine criteria. Of 20 deaths with both morphine and heroin listed, only one met morphine criteria. Of 34 deaths with codeine listed, only five were attributed to codeine. Consideration of patient history, death scene evidence, and expanded toxicology testing may improve the accuracy of death certificate drug listings. PMID:25041514

Mertz, Kristen J; Janssen, Jennifer K; Williams, Karl E

2014-11-01

217

Hydrochemical data base for the Death Valley Region, California and Nevada  

SciTech Connect

Ground-water chemistry data derived from samples collected within an approximately 100,000-square-kilometer area in the Southern Great Basin have been compiled into a digital data base. The data were compiled from published reports, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water Information System (NWIS), and previously unpublished USGS files. The data are contained in two compressed files which self-expand into Lotus (.WK1) files. The first file contains 4,738 records (4.84 megabytes) and represents the basic compilation of all identified analyses. The second file is an edited version of the first and contains 3,733 records (3.84 megabytes). Editing included the removal of duplicate records and the combining of records, when appropriate. The analyses presented are of variable quality and comprehensiveness and include no isotopic data. Of the 3,733 analyses in the edited data base, 58 percent of the major ion concentrations balance to within {+-}10 percent. Most of the remaining records are not sufficiently complete for a balance to be calculated.

Perfect, D.L.; Faunt, C.C.; Steinkampf, W.C.; Turner, A.K.

1995-02-01

218

EDR2 negatively regulates salicylic acid-based defenses and cell death during powdery mildew infections of Arabidopsis thaliana  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The hypersensitive necrosis response (HR) of resistant plants to avirulent pathogens is a form of programmed cell death in which the plant sacrifices a few cells under attack, restricting pathogen growth into adjacent healthy tissues. In spite of the importance of this defense response, relatively little is known about the plant components that execute the cell death program or

Sonja Vorwerk; Celine Schiff; Marjorie Santamaria; Serry Koh; Marc Nishimura; John Vogel; Chris Somerville; Shauna Somerville

2007-01-01

219

Death Circles  

E-print Network

Death Circles is comprised of five panels of cotton fabric, stretched by heavy rods on the top and the bottom of the piece, these fabrics are imprinted with circles of ants, there is also a circle of metal ants that are suspended in the last fabric...

Gomez, Randolph

2013-05-31

220

Grid Computing Lecture - Globus Certificate Authorities and Certificates  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Grid Computing Lecture~~Globus certificate authorities and certificates, delegation, proxies, myProxy. Grid Computing Security, authorization, gridmap files, Community Authorization Service (CAS).

Ferner, Clayton; Wilkinson, Barry

2011-07-05

221

49 CFR 583.13 - Supplier certification and certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.13 Supplier certification and certificates. Each supplier shall certify the...

2012-10-01

222

49 CFR 583.13 - Supplier certification and certificates.  

...Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.13 Supplier certification and certificates. Each supplier shall certify the...

2014-10-01

223

49 CFR 583.13 - Supplier certification and certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.13 Supplier certification and certificates. Each supplier shall certify the...

2013-10-01

224

49 CFR 583.13 - Supplier certification and certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.13 Supplier certification and certificates. Each supplier shall certify the...

2010-10-01

225

49 CFR 583.13 - Supplier certification and certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.13 Supplier certification and certificates. Each supplier shall certify the...

2011-10-01

226

Presence of base excision repair enzymes in the wheat aleurone and their activation in cells undergoing programmed cell death.  

PubMed

Cereal aleurone cells are specialized endosperm cells that produce enzymes to hydrolyze the starchy endosperm during germination. Aleurone cells can undergo programmed cell death (PCD) when incubated in the presence of gibberellic acid (GA) in contrast to abscisic acid (ABA) which inhibits the process. The progression of PCD in aleurone layer cells of wheat grain is accompanied by an increase in deoxyribonuclease (DNase) activities and the internucleosomal degradation of nuclear DNA. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are increased during PCD in the aleurone cells owing to the ?-oxidation of triglycerides and inhibition of the antioxidant enzymes possibly leading to extensive oxidative damage to DNA. ROS generate mainly non-bulky DNA base lesions which are removed in the base excision repair (BER) pathway, initiated by the DNA glycosylases. At present, very little is known about oxidative DNA damage repair in cereals. Here, we study DNA repair in the cell-free extracts of wheat aleurone layer incubated or not with phytohormones. We show, for the first time, the presence of 8-oxoguanine-DNA and ethenoadenine-DNA glycosylase activities in wheat aleurone cells. Interestingly, the DNA glycosylase and AP endonuclease activities are strongly induced in the presence of GA. Based on these data we propose that GA in addition to activation of nuclear DNases also induces the DNA repair activities which remove oxidized DNA bases in the BER pathway. Potential roles of the wheat DNA glycosylases in GA-induced oligonucleosomal fragmentation of DNA and metabolic activation of aleurone layer cells via repair of transcribed regions are discussed. PMID:21856164

Bissenbaev, Amangeldy K; Ishchenko, Alexander A; Taipakova, Sabira M; Saparbaev, Murat K

2011-10-01

227

Mentor Advice Giving in an Alternative Certification Program for Secondary Science Teaching: Opportunities and Roadblocks in Developing a Knowledge Base for Teaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mentoring is often an important component of alternative certification programs, yet little is known about what novices learn about science teaching through mentoring relationships. This study investigated the advice given by two mentor science teachers to their protégés. Findings indicate that mentors gave more advice related to general pedagogical knowledge than science-specific pedagogical content knowledge. Specifically, there was little to no advice related to the topics of inquiry, the nature of science, or the development of scientific literacy. Implications call for an increase in communication between university teacher education programs and school-based mentors, the development of benchmarks to help guide mentor-protégé interactions, and the importance of a multiyear induction process.

Upson Bradbury, Leslie; Koballa, Thomas R., Jr.

2007-12-01

228

Impact of documentation errors on accuracy of cause of death coding in an educational hospital in Southern Iran.  

PubMed

Accurate cause of death coding leads to organised and usable death information but there are some factors that influence documentation on death certificates and therefore affect the coding. We reviewed the role of documentation errors on the accuracy of death coding at Shahid Mohammadi Hospital (SMH), Bandar Abbas, Iran. We studied the death certificates of all deceased patients in SMH from October 2010 to March 2011. Researchers determined and coded the underlying cause of death on the death certificates according to the guidelines issued by the World Health Organization in Volume 2 of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Health Related Problems-10th revision (ICD-10). Necessary ICD coding rules (such as the General Principle, Rules 1-3, the modification rules and other instructions about death coding) were applied to select the underlying cause of death on each certificate. Demographic details and documentation errors were then extracted. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics and chi square tests. The accuracy rate of causes of death coding was 51.7%, demonstrating a statistically significant relationship (p=.001) with major errors but not such a relationship with minor errors. Factors that result in poor quality of Cause of Death coding in SMH are lack of coder training, documentation errors and the undesirable structure of death certificates. PMID:24948664

Haghighi, Mohammad Hosein Hayavi; Dehghani, Mohammad; Teshizi, Saeid Hoseini; Mahmoodi, Hamid

2014-01-01

229

Postoperative myocardial infarction and cardiac death. Predictive value of dipyridamole-thallium imaging and five clinical scoring systems based on multifactorial analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty-six patients unable to complete a standard preoperative exercise test because of physical limitations were studied to determine the predictive value of individual clinical parameters, of clinical scoring systems based on multifactorial analysis, and of dipyridamole-thallium imaging before major general and vascular surgery. Study endpoints were limited to postoperative myocardial infarction or cardiac death before hospital discharge. There were nine

JEAN LETTE; DAVID WATERS; JEAN LASSONDE; S. Dube; FRANÇCLOISE HEYEN; MICHEL PICARD; MICHEL MORIN

1990-01-01

230

Institutional Review Boards’ Use and Understanding of Certificates of Confidentiality  

PubMed Central

Certificates of Confidentiality, issued by agencies of the U.S. government, are regarded as an important tool for meeting ethical and legal obligations to safeguard research participants’ privacy and confidentiality. By shielding against forced disclosure of identifying data, Certificates are intended to facilitate research on sensitive topics critical to the public’s health. Although Certificates are potentially applicable to an extensive array of research, their full legal effect is unclear, and little is known about stakeholders’ views of the protections they provide. To begin addressing this challenge, we conducted a national survey of institutional review board (IRB) chairs, followed by telephone interviews with selected chairs, to learn more about their familiarity with and opinions about Certificates; their institutions’ use of Certificates; policies and practices concerning when Certificates are required or recommended; and the role Certificates play in assessments of research risk. Overall, our results suggest uncertainty about Certificates among IRB chairs. On most objective knowledge questions, most respondents chose the incorrect answer or ‘unsure’. Among chairs who reported more familiarity with Certificates, composite opinion scores calculated based on five survey questions were evenly distributed among positive, neutral/middle, and negative views. Further, respondents expressed a variety of ideas about the appropriate use of Certificates, what they are intended to protect, and their effect on research risk. Nevertheless, chairs who participated in our study commonly viewed Certificates as a potentially valuable tool, frequently describing them as an ‘extra layer’ of protection. These findings lead to several practical observations concerning the need for more stakeholder education about Certificates, consideration of Certificates for a broader range of studies, the importance of remaining vigilant and using all tools available to protect participants’ confidentiality, and the need for further empirical investigation of Certificates’ effect on researchers and research participants. PMID:22962599

Beskow, Laura M.; Check, Devon K.; Namey, Emily E.; Dame, Lauren A.; Lin, Li; Cooper, Alexandra; Weinfurt, Kevin P.; Wolf, Leslie E.

2012-01-01

231

Population?Based Incidence of Sudden Cardiac and Unexpected Death Before and After the 2011 Earthquake and Tsunami in Iwate, Northeast Japan  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the temporal impact of the 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami on the incidence of sudden cardiac and unexpected death (SCUD). Methods and Results We surveyed the impact of the disaster on the incidence and clinical characteristics of SCUD in Iwate. To perform complete identification of SCUD for 8 weeks before and 40 weeks after the disaster, medical records and death certificates relevant to SCUD were surveyed in the study area. Compared with the previous year's rate, the incidence (per 10 000 person?year) of SCUD for the initial 4 weeks after the disaster (acute phase) was double (33.5 vs 18.9), and thereafter the rate returned to the previous level. Significant relationships were found between weekly numbers of SCUD and seismic activity (intensity, r=0.43; P<0.005: frequency, r=0.46; P<0.002). The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) of SCUD in the acute phase was significantly increased compared with that of previous years (1.71, 95% CI 1.33 to 2.16). Increased SIRs were predominantly found in female subjects (1.73, 95% CI 1.22 to 2.37), the elderly (1.73, 95% CI 1.29 to 2.27), and residents living in the tsunami?stricken area (1.83, 95% CI 1.33 to 2.46). In addition, SIRs for weekdays (1.71, 95% CI 1.28 to 2.24) and nights?mornings (2.09, 95% CI 1.48 to 2.86) were amplified. Conclusions The present results suggest that the magnitude of a disaster, related stress, and population aging may cause a temporary increase in the incidence of SCUD with amplification of ordinary weekly and circadian variations. PMID:24811614

Niiyama, Masanobu; Tanaka, Fumitaka; Nakajima, Satoshi; Itoh, Tomonori; Matsumoto, Tatsuya; Kawakami, Mikio; Naganuma, Yujiro; Omama, Shinichi; Komatsu, Takashi; Onoda, Toshiyuki; Sakata, Kiyomi; Ichikawa, Takashi; Nakamura, Motoyuki

2014-01-01

232

An Identity and Certificate Manager  

E-print Network

We have designed and implemented a software library, called Identity and Certificate Manager (ICM), for managing, using, and exchanging application-level usernames, users' digital certificates, and cryptographic ...

Wu, Brian C

2007-01-01

233

Pre-existing atrial fibrillation and risk of arterial thromboembolism and death following pneumonia: a population-based cohort study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine the effect of pre-existing atrial fibrillation (AF) and associated therapy on the risk of arterial thromboembolism (ATE) and death following pneumonia. Design, setting and participants Population-based cohort study (1997–2012) of 88?315 patients with first-time hospitalisation with pneumonia in Northern Denmark. Results Of the included patients (median age 73.4?years), 8880 (10.1%) had pre-existing AF. The risk of ATE within 30?days of admission was 5.2% in patients with AF and 3.6% in patients without AF. After adjustment for higher age and comorbidity, the adjusted HR (aHR) with AF was 1.06 (95% CI 0.96 to 1.18). Among patients with AF, reduced risk of ATE was observed in vitamin-K antagonist users compared with non-users (aHR 0.74 (95% CI 0.61 to 0.91)). Thirty-day mortality was 20.1% in patients with AF and 13.9% in patients without AF. Corresponding 1-year mortalities were 43.7% and 30.3%. The aHRs for 30-day and 1-year mortality with AF were 1.00 (95% CI 0.94 to 1.05) and 1.01 (95% CI 0.98 to 1.05). In patients with AF, reduced mortality risk was observed in users of vitamin-K antagonists (aHR 0.70 (95% CI 0.63 to 0.77)) and ?-blockers (aHR 0.77 (95% CI 0.70 to 0.85). Increased mortality was found in digoxin users (aHR 1.16 (95% CI 1.06 to 1.28)). Conclusions Pre-existing AF is frequent in patients hospitalised with pneumonia and a marker of increased risk of ATE and death, explained by higher patient age and comorbidity. Prognosis is closely related to preadmission medical treatment for AF. PMID:25398678

Gamst, Jacob; Christiansen, Christian Fynbo; Rasmussen, Bodil Steen; Rasmussen, Lars Hvilsted; Thomsen, Reimar Wernich

2014-01-01

234

Major epidemiological changes in sudden infant death syndrome: a 20-year population-based study in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Findings Over the past 20 years, the proportion of children who died from SIDS while co-sleeping with their parents, has risen from 12% to 50% (p? 0·0001), but the actual number of SIDS deaths in the parental bed has halved (p=0·01). The proportion seems to have increased partly because the Back to Sleep campaign led to fewer deaths in infants

Peter S Blair; Peter Sidebotham; P Jeremy Berry; Margaret Evans; Peter J Fleming

2006-01-01

235

The social patterning of deaths due to assault in Scotland, 1980–2005: population-based study  

PubMed Central

Objectives The objectives of this study were to explore the extent of the social gradient for deaths due to assault and its impact on overall inequalities in mortality and to investigate the contribution to assault mortality of knives and other sharp weapons. Design An analysis of death records and contemporaneous population estimates was conducted. Setting The authors investigated the social patterning of homicide in Scotland. Participants This study included deaths between 1980 and 2005 due to assault. Main measurements Death rates were standardised to the European standard population. Time trends were analysed and inequalities were assessed, using rate ratios and the slope index of inequality, along axes defined by individual occupational socioeconomic status and area deprivation. Results An increase in mortality due to assault was most pronounced at ages 15–44 and was steeper among assaults involving knives. The death rate among men in routine occupations aged 20–59 was nearly 12 times that of those in higher managerial and professional occupations. Men under 65 living in the most deprived quintile of areas had a death rate due to assault 31.9 times (95% CI 13.1 to 77.9) that of those living in the least deprived quintile; for women, this ratio was 35.0 (4.8 to 256.2). Despite comprising just 3.2% of all male deaths between 15 and 44?years, assault accounted for 6.4% of the inequalities in mortality. Conclusions Inequalities in mortality due to assault in Scotland exceed those in other countries and are greater than for other causes of death in Scotland. Reducing mortality and inequalities depends on addressing the problems of deprivation as well as targeting known contributors, such as alcohol use, the carrying of knives and gang culture. PMID:20445212

Dundas, R

2010-01-01

236

Graduate Certificate in Transportation  

E-print Network

Graduate Certificate in Transportation Nohad A. Toulan School of Urban Studies and Planning of Engineering and Computer Science integrated transportation systems. The Graduate Certificate in Transportation their capabilities. Students in the program can choose among a wide range of relevant courses in transportation

Bertini, Robert L.

237

Business Administration Certificate Program  

E-print Network

Business Administration Certificate Program BusinessandManagement extension.uci.edu/busadmin #12 in their field. Convenient online and classroom courses make it easy to learn on your own time, in your own way Certificate Program helps students develop or refine management and leadership skills to improve job

Rose, Michael R.

238

Interactions between the power and green certificate markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current trend of liberalising the power markets is combined with ambitious deployment plans for power production based on renewable energy supplies. A new policy scheme to ensure this extension has been developed in the form of a green certificate system, with a politically determined target of deployment. In such a system, producers of renewably based electricity receive tradable certificates

S. G. Jensen; K. Skytte

2002-01-01

239

The Italian Green Certificates market between uncertainty and opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the overall reform of the electricity industry in 1999, Italy has started the implementation of a new support mechanism for renewable energy sources that is based upon a Green Certificates market. Such certificates will be delivered for 8 years for electricity production to renewable power plants commissioned after 31 March 1999. All the electricity production based on non-renewable energy

Arturo Lorenzoni

2003-01-01

240

Building Intercultural Competence through Intercultural Competency Certification of Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Intercultural Competency Certificate (CCI in Spanish) designed for the Universidad Popular Autonoma del Estado de Puebla (UPAEP University) is a theory based comprehensive plan to develop undergraduate students' intercultural competence. This Certificate is based in the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS) developed by…

Janeiro, Maria G. Fabregas; Fabre, Ricardo Lopez; Nuno de la Parra, Jose Pablo

2014-01-01

241

Consumption of PCB-contaminated sport fish and risk of spontaneous fetal death.  

PubMed Central

Spontaneous fetal death has been observed among various mammalian species after exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Our exposure-based cohort study assessed the relationship between consumption of PCB-contaminated Lake Ontario sport fish and spontaneous fetal death using 1820 multigravid fertile women from the 1990-1991 New York State Angler Cohort Study. Fish consumption data were obtained from food frequency questionnaires and history of spontaneous fetal death from live birth certificates. Analyses were stratified by number of prior pregnancies and controlled for smoking and maternal age. No significant increases in risk for fetal death were observed across four measures of exposure: a lifetime estimate of PCB exposure based on species-specific PCB levels; the number of years of fish consumption; kilograms of sport fish consumed in 1990-1991; and a lifetime estimate of kilograms eaten. A slight risk reduction was seen for women with two prior pregnancies at the highest level of PCB exposure (odds ratio = 0.36; 95% CI, 0.14-0.92) and for women with three or more prior pregnancies with increasing years of fish consumption (odds ratio = 0.97; 95% CI, 0.94-0.99). These findings suggest that consumption of PCB-contaminated sport fish does not increase the risk of spontaneous fetal death. PMID:7656880

Mendola, P; Buck, G M; Vena, J E; Zielezny, M; Sever, L E

1995-01-01

242

EDR2 negatively regulates salicylic acid-based defenses and cell death during powdery mildew infections of Arabidopsis thaliana  

PubMed Central

Background The hypersensitive necrosis response (HR) of resistant plants to avirulent pathogens is a form of programmed cell death in which the plant sacrifices a few cells under attack, restricting pathogen growth into adjacent healthy tissues. In spite of the importance of this defense response, relatively little is known about the plant components that execute the cell death program or about its regulation in response to pathogen attack. Results We isolated the edr2-6 mutant, an allele of the previously described edr2 mutants. We found that edr2-6 exhibited an exaggerated chlorosis and necrosis response to attack by three pathogens, two powdery mildew and one downy mildew species, but not in response to abiotic stresses or attack by the bacterial leaf speck pathogen. The chlorosis and necrosis did not spread beyond inoculated sites suggesting that EDR2 limits the initiation of cell death rather than its spread. The pathogen-induced chlorosis and necrosis of edr2-6 was correlated with a stimulation of the salicylic acid defense pathway and was suppressed in mutants deficient in salicylic acid signaling. EDR2 encodes a novel protein with a pleckstrin homology and a StAR transfer (START) domain as well as a plant-specific domain of unknown function, DUF1336. The pleckstrin homology domain binds to phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate in vitro and an EDR2:HA:GFP protein localizes to endoplasmic reticulum, plasma membrane and endosomes. Conclusion EDR2 acts as a negative regulator of cell death, specifically the cell death elicited by pathogen attack and mediated by the salicylic acid defense pathway. Phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate may have a role in limiting cell death via its effect on EDR2. This role in cell death may be indirect, by helping to target EDR2 to the appropriate membrane, or it may play a more direct role. PMID:17612410

Vorwerk, Sonja; Schiff, Celine; Santamaria, Marjorie; Koh, Serry; Nishimura, Marc; Vogel, John; Somerville, Chris; Somerville, Shauna

2007-01-01

243

Early death following primary total hip arthroplasty.  

PubMed

This study aims to describe the timing, cause of death, and excess surgical mortality associated with primary total hip arthroplasty when compared to a population awaiting primary total hip arthroplasty. Mortality rates were calculated at cutoffs of 30 and 90 days post-operation or following the addition to the waiting list. Cause of death was recorded from the death certificate. An excess surgical mortality of 0.256% at 30 days (P = 0.002) and 0.025% at 90 days post-operation (P = 0.892), unaffected by age or gender, was seen with myocardial infarction and pneumonia the cause of death in the majority of cases. By using a more appropriate control population, an excess surgical mortality at 30 days post-operation is demonstrated; the effect diminishes at 90 days post-operation. PMID:24650899

Jones, Mark D; Parry, Michael C; Whitehouse, Michael R; Blom, Ashley W

2014-08-01

244

Adolescent Births in the Border Region: A Descriptive Analysis Based on US Hispanic and Mexican Birth Certificates.  

PubMed

Adolescent childbearing adversely affects both mothers and infants. The birth rate for US adolescent women of Hispanic origin is higher than that for US adolescents overall. Birth rates among US Hispanic adolescents in the border region are higher than rates among other US Hispanic adolescents, and rates among Mexican border adolescents are higher than rates among other Mexican adolescents. We used binational birth certificate data for US Hispanic and Mexican adolescent women living inside the border region, elsewhere within the border states, and in the US and Mexico overall to compare birth rates and other health indicators among these groups. From 2000 to 2009, birth rates for 15-19 year-olds declined 19-28 % among US Hispanic geographic subgroups and 8-13 % among Mexican geographic subgroups; rates in the border region in 2009 were 73.8/1,000 women ages 15-19 for US Hispanics and 87.2/1,000 for Mexicans and were higher than rates in other US and Mexican subgroups, respectively. Less than one in five US Hispanic and Mexican adolescent mothers in the border region was married. About one in three delivered by cesarean. Late or no prenatal care was more prevalent among US Hispanic (17.6 %) than Mexican (14.3 %) border adolescents. Birth weight and gestational age outcomes were generally poorest in Texas border counties compared with border counties in other US states and in municipios of Mexican states bordering Texas. High birth rates and low prenatal care utilization among adolescents are problems along the US-Mexico border. PMID:24820518

McDonald, Jill A; Mojarro, Octavio; Sutton, Paul D; Ventura, Stephanie J

2015-01-01

245

Certificate and Diploma in Creative Writing Certificate: The Certificate aims to introduce students to advanced study of creative writing at  

E-print Network

Certificate and Diploma in Creative Writing Certificate: The Certificate aims to introduce students recommended to choose general credit from appropriate literature courses. Diploma: To take the Diploma (240

Guo, Zaoyang

246

PEM public key certificate cache server  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM) provides privacy enhancement services to users of Internet electronic mail. Confidentiality, authentication, message integrity, and non-repudiation of origin are provided by applying cryptographic measures to messages transferred between end systems by the Message Transfer System. PEM supports both symmetric and asymmetric key distribution. However, the prevalent implementation uses a public key certificate-based strategy, modeled after the X.509 directory authentication framework. This scheme provides an infrastructure compatible with X.509. According to RFC 1422, public key certificates can be stored in directory servers, transmitted via non-secure message exchanges, or distributed via other means. Directory services provide a specialized distributed database for OSI applications. The directory contains information about objects and then provides structured mechanisms for accessing that information. Since directory services are not widely available now, a good approach is to manage certificates in a centralized certificate server. This document describes the detailed design of a centralized certificate cache serve. This server manages a cache of certificates and a cache of Certificate Revocation Lists (CRL's) for PEM applications. PEMapplications contact the server to obtain/store certificates and CRL's. The server software is programmed in C and ELROS. To use this server, ISODE has to be configured and installed properly. The ISODE library 'libisode.a' has to be linked together with this library because ELROS uses the transport layer functions provided by 'libisode.a.' The X.500 DAP library that is included with the ELROS distribution has to be linked in also, since the server uses the DAP library functions to communicate with directory servers.

Cheung, T.

1993-12-01

247

Temporal Trends in Population-Based Death Rates Associated With Chronic Liver Disease and Liver Cancer in the United States Over the Last 30 Years  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND The health and economic burden from liver disease in the United States is substantial and rising. The objective of this study was to characterize temporal trends in mortality from chronic liver disease and liver cancer and the incidence of associated risk factors using population-based data over the past 30 years. METHODS Population-based mortality data were obtained from the National Vital Statistics System, and population estimates were derived from the national census for US adults (aged >45 years). Crude death rates (CDRs), age-adjusted death rates (ADRs), and average annual percentage change (AAPC) statistics were calculated. RESULTS In total, 690,414 deaths (1.1%) were attributable to chronic liver disease, whereas 331,393 deaths (0.5%) were attributable to liver cancer between 1981 and 2010. The incidence of liver cancer was estimated at 7.1 cases per 100,000 population. Mortality rates from chronic liver disease and liver cancer increased substantially over the past 3 decades, with ADRs of 23.7 and 16.6 per 100,000 population in 2010, respectively. The AAPC from 2006 to 2010 demonstrated an increased ADR for chronic liver disease (AAPC, 1.5%; 95% confidence interval, 0.3%–2.8%) and liver cancer (AAPC, 2.6%; 95% confidence interval, 2.4%–2.7%). CONCLUSIONS A comprehensive approach that involves primary and secondary prevention, increased access to treatment, and more funding for liver-related research is needed to address the high death rates associated with chronic liver disease and liver cancer in the United States. PMID:24917245

Kim, Yuhree; Ejaz, Aslam; Tayal, Amit; Spolverato, Gaya; Bridges, John F. P.; Anders, Robert A.; Pawlik, Timothy M.

2015-01-01

248

40 CFR 745.229 - Certification of individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: public and...  

...individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: public and commercial buildings...SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Lead-Based Paint Activities § 745.229...

2014-07-01

249

40 CFR 745.229 - Certification of individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: public and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: public and commercial buildings...SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Lead-Based Paint Activities § 745.229...

2012-07-01

250

40 CFR 745.229 - Certification of individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: public and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: public and commercial buildings...SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Lead-Based Paint Activities § 745.229...

2011-07-01

251

40 CFR 745.229 - Certification of individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: public and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: public and commercial buildings...SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Lead-Based Paint Activities § 745.229...

2013-07-01

252

40 CFR 745.229 - Certification of individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: public and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...individuals and firms engaged in lead-based paint activities: public and commercial buildings...SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Lead-Based Paint Activities § 745.229...

2010-07-01

253

Demystifying maintenance of certification.  

PubMed

Board certification for a medical specialty was first proposed in 1908. Subsequently, the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) was formed in 1933. The ABMS approved emergency medicine as the 23rd medical specialty in 1979. Since its inception, the American Board of Emergency Medicine (ABEM) has always had time-limited certification requiring a recertification examination every 10 years. The notion of recertification has since evolved into maintenance of certification (MOC). I define the various components of the ABEM MOC program. The MOC axioms of continuous professional development and adherence to quality development are discussed. Finally, physician participation in the ABEM MOC is reviewed. PMID:23489653

Nelson, Richard N

2014-04-01

254

Defining the Cause of Death in Hospitalised Patients with Acute Kidney Injury  

PubMed Central

Background The high mortality rates that follow the onset of acute kidney injury (AKI) are well recognised. However, the mode of death in patients with AKI remains relatively under-studied, particularly in general hospitalised populations who represent the majority of those affected. We sought to describe the primary cause of death in a large group of prospectively identified patients with AKI. Methods All patients sustaining AKI at our centre between 1st October 2010 and 31st October 2011 were identified by real-time, hospital-wide, electronic AKI reporting based on the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) diagnostic criteria. Using this system we are able to generate a prospective database of all AKI cases that includes demographic, outcome and hospital coding data. For those patients that died during hospital admission, cause of death was derived from the Medical Certificate of Cause of Death. Results During the study period there were 3,930 patients who sustained AKI; 62.0% had AKI stage 1, 20.6% had stage 2 and 17.4% stage 3. In-hospital mortality rate was 21.9% (859 patients). Cause of death could be identified in 93.4% of cases. There were three main disease categories accounting for three quarters of all mortality; sepsis (41.1%), cardiovascular disease (19.2%) and malignancy (12.9%). The major diagnosis leading to sepsis was pneumonia, whilst cardiovascular death was largely a result of heart failure and ischaemic heart disease. AKI was the primary cause of death in only 3% of cases. Conclusions Mortality associated with AKI remains high, although cause of death is usually concurrent illness. Specific strategies to improve outcomes may therefore need to target not just the management of AKI but also the most relevant co-existing conditions. PMID:23133643

Selby, Nicholas M.; Kolhe, Nitin V.; McIntyre, Christopher W.; Monaghan, John; Lawson, Nigel; Elliott, David; Packington, Rebecca; Fluck, Richard J.

2012-01-01

255

Gene networks modified by sulphonylureas in beta cells: a pathway-based analysis of insulin secretion and cell death.  

PubMed

Sulphonylureas (SUs) used in the treatment for type 2 diabetes have been shown to result in different clinical outcome. This study hypothesized that three widely used SUs, glibenclamide, glimepiride and gliclazide, may affect function and survival of insulin-producing cells differently. To evaluate differences between SUs, insulin secretion and cell death were measured, and genome-wide gene expression patterns were compared using a bioinformatics approach focusing on functional relationships between molecules. Insulin-producing INS-1E cells exposed to SUs for 6 and 24 hr were assayed using GeneChip. Cluster and pathway analyses were used to identify differentially expressed genes and patterns of potential biological functions associated with SU treatment. Cell death was measured using acridine orange/Hoechst 33342 staining. Short-term treatment (6 hr) yielded up-regulation of insulin secretion and genes associated with insulin secretion for all three SUs applied. While long-term treatment (24-72 hr) with gliclazide did not change gene expression or cell survival, treatment with glibenclamide or glimepiride up-regulated genes associated with oxidative stress and hypoxia, but did not induce cell death. Short-term treatment with SUs initiates gene regulation that can be attributed to insulin secretion with few differences between individual SUs. This regulation was temporal and returned to baseline after 24 hr. Individual differences observed after 24-72 hr indicate that glibenclamide and glimepiride induce potentially harmful cell signalling insufficient for triggering beta cell death. PMID:22642398

Magnusson, Nils E; Dyrskjøt, Lars; Grimm, Daniela; Wehland, Markus; Pietsch, Jessica; Rungby, Jørgen

2012-10-01

256

EDR2 NEGATIVELY REGULATES SALICYLIC ACID-BASED DEFENSES AND CELL DEATH DURING POWDERY MILDEW INFECTIONS OF ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The hypersensitive necrosis response (HR) of resistant plants to avirulent pathogens is a form of programmed cell death in which the plant sacrifices a few cells under attack, restricting pathogen growth into adjacent healthy tissues. In spite of the importance of this defense response, relatively l...

257

Interaction between bedding and sleeping position in the sudden infant death syndrome: a population based case-control study.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To determine the relation between sleeping position and quantity of bedding and the risk of sudden unexpected infant death. DESIGN--A study of all infants dying suddenly and unexpectedly and of two controls matched for age and date with each index case. The parents of control infants were interviewed within 72 hours of the index infant's death. Information was collected on bedding, sleeping position, heating, and recent signs of illness for index and control infants. SETTING--A defined geographical area comprising most of the county of Avon and part of Somerset. SUBJECTS--72 Infants who had died suddenly and unexpectedly (of whom 67 had died from the sudden infant death syndrome) and 144 control infants. RESULTS--Compared with the control infants the infants who had died from the sudden infant death syndrome were more likely to have been sleeping prone (relative risk 8.8; 95% confidence interval 7.0 to 11.0; p less than 0.001), to have been more heavily wrapped (relative risk 1.14 per tog above 8 tog; 1.03 to 1.28; p less than 0.05), and to have had the heating on all night (relative risk 2.7; 1.4 to 5.2; p less than 0.01). These differences were less pronounced in the younger infants (less than 70 days) than the older ones. The risk of sudden unexpected death among infants older than 70 days, nursed prone, and with clothing and bedding of total thermal resistance greater than 10 tog was increased by factors of 15.1 (2.6 to 89.6) and 25.2 (3.7 to 169.0) respectively compared with the risk in infants of the same age nursed supine or on their side and under less than 6 tog of bedding. CONCLUSIONS--Overheating and the prone position are independently associated with an increased risk of sudden unexpected infant death, particularly in infants aged more than 70 days. Educating parents about appropriate thermal care and sleeping position of infants may help to reduce the incidence of the sudden infant death syndrome. PMID:2390588

Fleming, P J; Gilbert, R; Azaz, Y; Berry, P J; Rudd, P T; Stewart, A; Hall, E

1990-01-01

258

Forensic Toxicology Certificate  

E-print Network

Forensic Toxicology Certificate What is Forensic Toxicology? Forensic toxicology is a discipline of forensic science that is concerned with the study of toxic substances or poisons. Toxicology encompasses. Students of forensic toxicology obtain knowledge about the absorption, distribution, and elimination

Saldin, Dilano

259

Renewable Energy Technology Certificate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this framework for a renewable energy certificate. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

2011-05-27

260

Waterfront Certification Changes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overviews certification changes affecting lifeguard training, progressive swimming instructors, CPR and first aid training, canoeing and kayaking instructors, sailing instructors, water skiing instructors, and instructor trainers. Addresses how changes impact American Camping Association standards. Provides addresses of training organizations. (LP)

O'Brien, Laurie

1995-01-01

261

Nutrition Online GRADUATE CERTIFICATE  

E-print Network

Nutrition Online GRADUATE CERTIFICATE PROGRAMS Reach your career goals while you continue to work: Applied Positive Deviance Delivery Science in International Nutrition Nutrition Science and Communications for Public Relations Professionals FriedmanSchoolofNutritionScienceandPolicy #12;Students entering

Tufts University

262

Laminar Flow Aircraft Certification  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various topics telative to laminar flow aircraft certification are discussed. Boundary layer stability, flaps for laminar flow airfoils, computational wing design studies, manufacturing requirements, windtunnel tests, and flow visualization are among the topics covered.

Williams, Louis J. (compiler)

1986-01-01

263

Operator Certification Study Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study guide contains typical questions and answers that all levels of water treatment plant operators might expect to find on a certification examination. The manual covers the basic sciences, treatment techniques, testing procedures, and federal legislation. (Author/SB)

American Water Works Association, Denver, CO.

264

Forest certification is a system for identifying well-managed  

E-print Network

Forest certification is a system for identifying well-managed forestland. In this context labeling that allows customers to know the product came from a certified, well-managed forest. Fully implemented, certification will become a market-based mechanism to reward superior forest management. See

265

Developing an Online Certification Program for Nutrition Education Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To develop an online certification program for nutrition education paraprofessionals to increase knowledge and confidence and to overcome training barriers of programming time and travel expenses. Design: An online interactive certification course based on Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education and Expanded Food and…

Christofferson, Debra; Christensen, Nedra; LeBlanc, Heidi; Bunch, Megan

2012-01-01

266

swinburne.edu.au Certificate II in Engineering Studies  

E-print Network

swinburne.edu.au Certificate II in Engineering Studies (Mechatronics focus) Course code: 22209VIC as a career. The course includes project-based learning, related to the engineering and the manufacture/or progression to Certificate IV, Diploma or Advanced Diploma courses. Career opportunities Graduates

Liley, David

267

Subspecialty Certification by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors describe the approval processes for subspecialties and the mechanisms for certification and recertification and review the status of training programs and numbers of diplomates with subspecialty certification. Methods: Published information and relevant data bases were reviewed. To date, 5,327 child and adolescent…

Juul, Dorthea; Scheiber, Stephen C.; Kramer, Thomas A. M.

2004-01-01

268

Viking site selection and certification  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The landing site selection and certification effort for the Viking mission to Mars is reviewed from the premission phase through the acquisition of data and decisions during mission operations and the immediate postlanding evaluation. The utility and limitations of the orbital television and infrared data and ground based radar observation of candidate and actual landing sites are evaluated. Additional instruments and types of observations which would have been useful include higher resolution cameras, radar altimeters, and terrain hazard avoidance capability in the landing system. Suggestions based on this experience that might be applied to future missions are included.

Masursky, H.; Crabill, N. L.

1981-01-01

269

Food Safety Certification and Knowledge EHS-Net Study Findings and Recommendations  

E-print Network

CS251470B Food Safety Certification and Knowledge EHS-Net Study Findings and Recommendations More-related outbreaks, many public health agencies encourage or require food safety certification for restaurant kitchen managers and sometimes workers. Food safety certification efforts are based on the belief

270

Cloning and characterization of two rice long-chain base kinase genes and their function in disease resistance and cell death.  

PubMed

Sphingolipid metabolites such as long-chain base 1-phosphates (LCBPs) have been shown to play an important role in plants; however, little is known about their function in plant disease resistance and programmed cell death (PCD). In the present study, we cloned and identified two rice long-chain base kinase (LCBK) genes (OsLCBK1 and OsLCBK2), which are involved in biosynthesis of LCBPs, and performed functional analysis in transgenic tobacco. Expression of OsLCBK1 and OsLCBK2 was induced in rice seedlings after treatments with defense signaling molecules and after infection by Magnaporthe grisea, the causal agent of blast disease. Transgenic tobacco plants overexpressing OsLCBK1 were generated and disease resistance assays indicate that the OsLCBK1-overexpressing plants showed enhanced disease resistance against Pseudmonas syringae pv. tabacci, the causal agent of wildfire disease, and tobacco mosaic virus. Expression levels of some defense-related genes were constitutively up-regulated and further induced after pathogen infection in the OsLCBK1-overexpressing plants. Treatment with fungal toxin fumonisin B1, an effective inducer of PCD in plants, resulted in reduced level of cell death in the OsLCBK1-overexpressing plants, as indicated by cell death staining, leakage of electrolyte and expression of hypersensitive response indicator genes. These data suggest that rice LCBKs, probably through regulation of endogenous LCBP level, play important roles in disease resistance response and PCD in plants. PMID:23054004

Zhang, Huijuan; Li, Li; Yu, Yongmei; Mo, Jibo; Sun, Lijun; Liu, Bo; Li, Dayong; Song, Fengming

2013-01-01

271

14 CFR 21.191 - Experimental certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Experimental certificates. 21.191 Section 21.191 Aeronautics...PROCEDURES FOR PRODUCTS AND PARTS Airworthiness Certificates § 21.191 Experimental certificates. Experimental certificates are...

2010-01-01

272

7 CFR 800.165 - Corrected certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and the incorrect certificate marked “Void.” (2) Other than export certificates...and the incorrect certificate marked “Void.” Otherwise, errors may be corrected...incorrect certificate shall be marked “Void” when submitted. (e)...

2012-01-01

273

7 CFR 800.165 - Corrected certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and the incorrect certificate marked “Void.” (2) Other than export certificates...and the incorrect certificate marked “Void.” Otherwise, errors may be corrected...incorrect certificate shall be marked “Void” when submitted. (e)...

2013-01-01

274

7 CFR 800.165 - Corrected certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and the incorrect certificate marked “Void.” (2) Other than export certificates...and the incorrect certificate marked “Void.” Otherwise, errors may be corrected...incorrect certificate shall be marked “Void” when submitted. (e)...

2011-01-01

275

7 CFR 800.165 - Corrected certificates.  

...and the incorrect certificate marked “Void.” (2) Other than export certificates...and the incorrect certificate marked “Void.” Otherwise, errors may be corrected...incorrect certificate shall be marked “Void” when submitted. (e)...

2014-01-01

276

Skeletal age determination based on the os pubis: A comparison of the Acsádi-Nemeskéri and Suchey-Brooks methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

After reviewing various systems of age determination based on analysis of the pubic bone, the discussion concentrates on the\\u000a collection and preparation of an extensive autopsy sample (n=1225) of pubic bones from modern individuals with legal documentation\\u000a of age at death (death and\\/or birth certificates). TheSuchey-Brooks method derived from this sample is described. TheAcsdi-Nemeskri system is evaluated in terms of

S. Brooks; J. M. Suchey

1990-01-01

277

GROUP LIFE AND ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND DISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE  

E-print Network

GROUP LIFE AND ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND DISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE PROGRAM University of California Regents #12;#12;GROUP LIFE INSURANCE #12;#12;LRS-6441 Ed. 11/84 CERTIFICATE OF INSURANCE We certify that you (provided you belong to a class described on the Schedule of Benefits) are insured

Mullins, Dyche

278

Neonatal Death Dwarfism in a Girl with Distinctive Bone Dysplasia Compatible with Grebe Chondrodysplasia: Analysis by CT Scan-based Phenotype  

PubMed Central

We report on a female fetus noted to have severe malformative type of skeletal dysplasia on ultrasonography done at 35 weeks gestation. The girl died shortly after birth. Clinical examination showed a fetus with severe dwarfism, extensive long and short bones, and bone deficiencies associated with multiple dislocations. Computed tomography (CT) scan-based phenotype showed a complex constellation of malformations consistent with the diagnosis of Grebe syndrome. Parents being first cousins (consanguineous marriage) strongly suggests autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance. To our knowledge, this is the first report of neonatal death dwarfism of Grebe syndrome analyzed by CT scan-based phenotype. PMID:25337439

Al Kaissi, Ali; Chehida, Farid Ben; Ganger, Rudolf; Grill, Franz

2014-01-01

279

Certificate program Graduate certificate in anatomical and translational sciences  

E-print Network

, and assisted reproductive technologies. ANAT 2150. Human Microscopic Anatomy. 3 Credits. Normal histological structural-functional relationship. ANAT 2181. Human Gross Anatomy. 3 Credits. Structure and function1 Anatomy ANATOMY GRADUATE Certificate program · Graduate certificate in anatomical

Vertes, Akos

280

Atomic oxygen interaction with spacecraft materials: Relationship between orbital and ground-based testing for materials certification  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The effects of atomic oxygen on boron nitride (BN), silicon nitride (Si3N4), Intelsat 6 solar cell interconnects, organic polymers, and MoS2 and WS2 dry lubricant, were studied in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) flight experiments and in a ground based simulation facility. Both the inflight and ground based experiments employed in situ electrical resistance measurements to detect penetration of atomic oxygen through materials and Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (ESCA) analysis to measure chemical composition changes. Results are given. The ground based results on the materials studied to date show good qualitative correlation with the LEO flight results, thus validating the simulation fidelity of the ground based facility in terms of reproducing LEO flight results. In addition it was demonstrated that ground based simulation is capable of performing more detailed experiments than orbital exposures can presently perform. This allows the development of a fundamental understanding of the mechanisms involved in the LEO environment degradation of materials.

Cross, Jon B.; Koontz, Steven L.; Lan, Esther H.

1993-01-01

281

Dealing with Human Death: The Floating Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores approach to dealing with human death. Describes floating perspective, based on insights from Choron and Jaspers, as suggesting it is possible to deal with human death by refraining from taking ultimate position on the problem. Position encourages openness to death. Examines role of anxiety and describes possible meaningful outcomes of…

Kenyon, Gary M.

1991-01-01

282

Child deaths of unknown cause: review of 7 years' experience.  

PubMed

Using data from the Pima County (Arizona) Child Fatality Review Team, we sought to describe the nature of unknown cause pediatric deaths. Of 1,150 total deaths (1995-2001), 22 were unknown cause and 3 had only a mode of death on the death certificate. There were 15 infants <6 months, 4 children 1-4 years, 2 children 5-9 years, 1 preteen (10-14 years), and 3 aged 15-17 years. Four patterns were seen: those resembling SIDS but with confounding history, autopsy, or scene investigation; sleeping toddlers with respiratory symptoms; children with underlying conditions not expected to cause death; and deaths without complete investigation. PMID:15583775

Bowen, Kathryn A; Marshall, William N

2004-01-01

283

Death Education and Death Fear Reduction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the possibility of reducing the fear of death in early adolescents through a 12-lesson unit designed to assist the student to achieve an attitude of integration toward life and death. (NQ)

Mueller, Mary Louise

1976-01-01

284

Child Maltreatment Fatalities in Children under 5: Findings from the National Violence Death Reporting System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To describe the distribution of child maltreatment fatalities of children under 5 by age, sex, race/ethnicity, type of maltreatment, and relationship to alleged perpetrator using data from the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS). Study design: Two independent coders reviewed information from death certificates, medical…

Klevens, Joanne; Leeb, Rebecca T.

2010-01-01

285

31 CFR 341.9 - Payment or redemption after death of owner.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the above, to the parents of the owner, or the...the time of his death. In any case coming...1) to (5) of this section to...spouse, children, parents, or next-of-kin of such beneficiary...registered owner's death certificate...

2010-07-01

286

31 CFR 341.9 - Payment or redemption after death of owner.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the above, to the parents of the owner, or the...the time of his death. In any case coming...1) to (5) of this section to...spouse, children, parents, or next-of-kin of such beneficiary...registered owner's death certificate...

2011-07-01

287

31 CFR 346.9 - Payment or redemption after death of owner.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the above, to the parents of the owner, or the...the time of his death. In any case...through (5) of this section to...spouse, children, parents, or next-of-kin of such beneficiary...registered owner's death certificate...

2010-07-01

288

31 CFR 341.9 - Payment or redemption after death of owner.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...the above, to the parents of the owner, or the...the time of his death. In any case coming...1) to (5) of this section to...spouse, children, parents, or next-of-kin of such beneficiary...registered owner's death certificate...

2012-07-01

289

31 CFR 346.9 - Payment or redemption after death of owner.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the above, to the parents of the owner, or the...the time of his death. In any case...through (5) of this section to...spouse, children, parents, or next-of-kin of such beneficiary...registered owner's death certificate...

2011-07-01

290

31 CFR 341.9 - Payment or redemption after death of owner.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the above, to the parents of the owner, or the...the time of his death. In any case coming...1) to (5) of this section to...spouse, children, parents, or next-of-kin of such beneficiary...registered owner's death certificate...

2013-07-01

291

31 CFR 346.9 - Payment or redemption after death of owner.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...the above, to the parents of the owner, or the...the time of his death. In any case...through (5) of this section to...spouse, children, parents, or next-of-kin of such beneficiary...registered owner's death certificate...

2012-07-01

292

31 CFR 341.9 - Payment or redemption after death of owner.  

...the above, to the parents of the owner, or the...the time of his death. In any case coming...1) to (5) of this section to...spouse, children, parents, or next-of-kin of such beneficiary...registered owner's death certificate...

2014-07-01

293

31 CFR 346.9 - Payment or redemption after death of owner.  

...the above, to the parents of the owner, or the...the time of his death. In any case...through (5) of this section to...spouse, children, parents, or next-of-kin of such beneficiary...registered owner's death certificate...

2014-07-01

294

31 CFR 346.9 - Payment or redemption after death of owner.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the above, to the parents of the owner, or the...the time of his death. In any case...through (5) of this section to...spouse, children, parents, or next-of-kin of such beneficiary...registered owner's death certificate...

2013-07-01

295

8 CFR 1212.15 - Certificates for foreign health care workers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Language (TOEFL), Paper-Based 560, Computer-Based 220; Test of Written English...certificate: ETS: TOEFL: Paper-Based 540, Computer-Based 207; TWE: 4.0; TSE: 50...certificate: ETS: TOEFL: Paper-Based 530, Computer-Based 197; TWE: 4.0; TSE:...

2010-01-01

296

Overview of the DOE packaging certification process  

SciTech Connect

This paper gives an overview of the DOE packaging certification process, which is implemented by the Office of Facility Safety Analysis, under the Assistance Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health, for packagings that are not used for weapons and weapons components, nor for naval nuclear propulsion. The overview will emphasize Type B packagings and the Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) review that parallels the NRC packaging review. Other important elements in the DOE packaging certification program, such as training, methods development, data bases, and technical assistance, are also emphasized, because they have contributed significantly to the improvement of the certification process since DOE consolidated its packaging certification function in 1985. The paper finishes with a discussion of the roles and functions of the DOE Packaging Safety Review Steering Committee, which is chartered to address issues and concerns of interest to the DOE packaging and transportation safety community. Two articles related to DOE packaging certification were published earlier on the SARP review procedures and the DOE Packaging Review Guide. These articles may be consulted for additional information.

Liu, Y.Y.; Carlson, R.D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Carlson, R.W. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Kapoor, A. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1995-12-31

297

Drug Overdose Deaths, Hospitalizations,  

E-print Network

Drug Overdose Deaths, Hospitalizations, and Emergency Department Visits in Kentucky, 2000 - 2012 #12; Kentucky Injury Preven on and Research Center Drug Overdose Deaths, Hospitaliza ons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Drug overdose deaths, 20002012

MacAdam, Keith

298

Consensus Recommendations on Rater Training and Certification  

PubMed Central

There is currently no accepted standard for the clinical research industry to follow when selecting and training raters to administer rating scales in clinical neuroscience trials. This article offers guidelines, based on expert recommendations of the CNS Summit Rater Training and Certification Committee, for selecting, training, and evaluating raters. The article also defines terminology and offers recommendations for considering raters with prior training and certification. These guidelines are intended for investigators, pharmaceutical companies, contract research organizations, and other entities involved in clinical neuroscience trials.

Daniel, David G.; Opler, Mark; Wise-Rankovic, Alexandria; Kalali, Amir

2014-01-01

299

Midcourse Space Experiment Data Certification and Technology Transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Midcourse Space Experiment spacecraft, launched April 24, 1996, is expected to have a 5 year useful lifetime with a 12 month lifetime for the cryogenically cooled IR sensor. A pre-launch, ground based calibration of the instruments provided a basis for the pre-launch certification of the Level 2 data base these instruments produce. With the spacecraft in-orbit the certification of the instrument's Level 2 data base is being extended to the in-orbit environment.

Pollock, David B.

1998-01-01

300

Board Certification in Counseling Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although specialty board certification by the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP) has been a valued standard for decades, the vast majority of counseling psychologists do not pursue board certification in the specialty. The present article provides a brief history of board certification in general and some historical information about…

Crowley, Susan L.; Lichtenberg, James W.; Pollard, Jeffrey W.

2012-01-01

301

US death rates from myeloproliferative neoplasms, and implications for cancer surveillance.  

PubMed

Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) may contribute to death from other causes due to complications and sequelae of MPN or its treatment. The present study found that the US death rate for MPN (polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia/thrombocytosis, and "chronic myeloproliferative disease") in 2005-2006 was twice as high using all causes of the death on the death certificate (6,488 deaths, age-standardized rate 1.06 per 100,000 per year) vs only the underlying cause (3,303 deaths, age-standardized rate 0.54 per 100,000 per year). This finding was consistent by age, gender, race (African American/black and white) and Hispanic ethnicity. Thus, surveillance of trends in MPN-related mortality rates in the population needs to take into account all causes of death on the death certificate, because MPN contributes to death from other causes such as thrombosis. MPN is a major cause of splanchnic vein thrombosis (SVT), and under-ascertainment of MPN-related deaths was suggested by the small proportion (3%) of all 848 US deaths in 2005-2006 with SVT coded as any cause of death that also had MPN coded. Increased clinical testing of peripheral blood for specific acquired genetic mutations, known since 2005 as being common in certain MPN and also in SVT, could lead to increased numbers of deaths certified as MPN-related and also incident cases of MPN reported to central cancer registries. PMID:22096879

Polednak, Anthony P

2011-01-01

302

Brainstem death: A comprehensive review in Indian perspective  

PubMed Central

With the advent of cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques, the cardiopulmonary definition of death lost its significance in favor of brain death. Brain death is a permanent cessation of all functions of the brain in which though individual organs may function but lack of integrating function of the brain, lack of respiratory drive, consciousness, and cognition confirms to the definition that death is an irreversible cessation of functioning of the organism as a whole. In spite of medical and legal acceptance globally, the concept of brain death and brain-stem death is still unclear to many. Brain death is not promptly declared due to lack of awareness and doubts about the legal procedure of certification. Many brain dead patients are kept on life supporting systems needlessly. In this comprehensive review, an attempt has been made to highlight the history and concept of brain death and brain-stem death; the anatomical and physiological basis of brain-stem death, and criteria to diagnose brain-stem death in India. PMID:25249744

Dhanwate, Anant Dattatray

2014-01-01

303

Computational Science and Engineering Certification for Chemistry  

E-print Network

Computational Science and Engineering Certification for Chemistry The Computational Science of the CHEM department*** or by one of the CSE affiliated Chemistry faculty listed on the Computational a solid base in problem solving using computation as a major tool for modeling complicated problems

Gilbert, Matthew

304

A Competency Certificate Model for Microcomputers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trident Technical College developed a process using microcomputers to produce certificates for competency-based curricula. At the beginning of the process, criteria were set for the program. A software program was needed that used available computers, was easy to use, and produced a competency statement that was easy to read and interpret. A…

Tinius, Jack

305

GUIDE FOR THE SECURITY CERTIFICATION AND  

E-print Network

May 2004 GUIDE FOR THE SECURITY CERTIFICATION AND ACCREDITATION OF FEDERAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS/schedule constraints. By accredit ing an information system, an agency official accepts responsibility for the security on the security status of their information systems in order to make timely, credi ble, risk-based decisions

306

Pharmacy Technician Certification Board  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Pharmacy Technician Certification Board, the national credentialing body for pharmacy technicians "develops, maintains, promotes and administers a high-quality certification and recertification program for pharmacy technicians." As a way to meet these goals, the PTCB has developed a very useful site filled with resources for their users. Offering materials such as a practice exam, detailed information about the exam requirements and needs, career descriptions and occupational outlook estimates, newsletters and presentation materials, the site is a one-stop introduction to the field of pharmacy technician practice.

2007-01-02

307

42 CFR 493.57 - Requirements for a registration certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Requirements for a registration certificate. 493.57 Section 493.57...CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Certificate of Accreditation § 493.57 Requirements for a registration certificate. A registration...

2010-10-01

308

Death patterns among Nigerian leaders  

PubMed Central

Abstract: Background: The aim of this study is to establish the patterns of death amongst Nigerian leaders since independence, thus providing a feasible avenue to avoid their recurrence if possible especially amongst the political elite who currently hold power. Methods: Using available unclassified authentic public information, all leaders who had ruled Nigeria since her independence on 1 October, 1960 until her 45th birthday on 1 October 2005, irrespective of whether they are dead or alive were included. Data was extracted and analyzed. Results: On 1 October 2005, Nigeria celebrated 45 years as a sovereign nation. Within this period, the country has had eleven leaders, all of whom were men. Only three (27.3%) were civilians, while eight (72.7%) were army generals. Of the eleven leaders, four (36.4%) had died before Nigeria reached its 45th birthday and all of these four (100%) died while still in office. Three of the dead leaders (75%) were assassinated, while one (25%) died suddenly in mysterious circumstances, believed to be the result of poisoning by unknown external powerful interest groups. Three of the deaths (75%) occurred during violent periods of Nigeria's checkered history (1966-1970 and 1993-1999), showing that periods of national and international strife appeared to be the weakest link in chains of events that led to their death while in office. Autopsies were neither requested nor performed on any of the dead leaders, signifying an entrenched culture of nonchalance, a lack of a coordinated national coroner's law and contempt for accurate and detailed death records. Worse still, no valid tenable death certificate has ever been issued. In other words, no attempt has been made to determine the cause of death of four of the nation's former leaders. Only hurried national burials were accorded two (50%) of them while the other two (50%), who died in the coup and revenge coup of 1966, were completely neglected, and not even given a decent national burial. Conclusions: The facts identified above will serve as a landmark to highlight an existing problem, and thus bring the issue to the attention of policy-makers and the political elite. The overall expected benefit is that nations like Nigeria can focus on the issue of orderly succession and the peaceful handing-over of government to duly transparently elected national leaders and all efforts should be made to avoid holding on to power unnecessarily. The tenets of democracy shall be upheld and transparent elections take place so as to reduce national tension and strife to the barest minimum. We also strongly recommend a review and improvement of Nigeria's national coroner's laws. PMID:21483200

Eze, Kenneth C; Ugochukwu, Ozoemenam M; Nzegwu, Martin A

2010-01-01

309

Certification assays for HIV-1-based vectors: frequent passage of gag sequences without evidence of replication-competent viruses.  

PubMed

A principal concern regarding the safety of HIV-1-based vectors is replication-competent lentivirus (RCL). We have developed two PCR assays for detecting RCL; the first detects recombination between gag regions in the transfer vector and the packaging construct (sensitivity of detection approximately 10-100 copies of target sequence). The second assay uses real-time PCR to detect vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein (VSVG) envelope DNA (sensitivity approximately 5-50 VSVG sequences). In an attempt to amplify any RCL, test vectors were used to transduce C8166 and 293 cells, which were then screened weekly for 3 weeks. Psi-gag recombinants were routinely detected (20 of 21 analyses) in four transductions using the RRL-CMV-GFP vector. In contrast, VSVG sequences were detected only once in 21 analyses. Interestingly, p24 levels (as measured by ELISA) were occasionally detectable after 3 weeks of culture. To determine if a true RCL was present, 21-day cell-free medium was used to transduce naïve cells. No evidence of psi-gag or VSVG transfer was detected, indicating that the recombination events were insufficient to reconstitute a true RCL. These findings have important implications for the design and safety of HIV-1-based vectors intended for clinical applications. PMID:14599817

Sastry, Lakshmi; Xu, Yi; Johnson, Terry; Desai, Kunal; Rissing, David; Marsh, Jonathan; Cornetta, Kenneth

2003-11-01

310

Atomic oxygen interaction with spacecraft materials: Relationship between orbital and ground-based testing for materials certification  

SciTech Connect

The effects of atomic oxygen on boron nitride, silicon nitride, solar cell interconnects used on the Intelsat 6 satellite, organic polymers, and MoS{sub 2} and WS{sub 2} dry lubricant have been studied in low Earth orbit (LEO) flight experiments and in our ground-based simulation facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Both the in-flight and ground-based experiments employed in situ electrical resistance measurements to detect penetration of atomic oxygen through materials and ESCA analysis to measure chemical composition changes. In the presence of atomic oxygen, silver oxidizes to form silver oxide, which has a much higher electrical resistance than pure silver. Permeation of atomic oxygen through BN overcoated on thin silver was observed. No permeation of atomic oxygen through Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} was observed. Test results on the Intelsat 6 satellite interconnects used on its photovoltaic array indicate that more than 60--80% of the original thickness of silver should remain after completion of the proposed Space Shuttle rescue/reboost mission. Gas phase reaction products produced by the interaction of high kinetic energy atomic oxygen (AO) with Kapton were found to be H{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O, CO, and CO{sub 2} with NO being a possible secondary product. Hydrogen abstraction at high AO kinetic energy is postulated to be the key reaction controlling the erosion rate of Kapton. An Arrhenius-like expression having an activation barrier of 0.4 eV can be fit to the data, which suggests that the rate limiting step in the AO/Kapton reaction mechanism can be overcome by translational energy. Oxidation of MoS{sub 2} and WS{sub 2} dry lubricants in both ground-based and orbital exposures indicated the formation of MoO{sub 3} and WO{sub 3} respectively. A protective oxide layer is formed {approx}30 monolayers thick which has a high initial friction coefficient until the layer is worn off.

Cross, J.B. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Koontz, S.L. (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Houston, TX (United States). Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center); Lan, E.H. (McDonnell Douglas Space Systems Co., Huntington Beach, CA (United States))

1991-01-01

311

In vitro study of cell death with 5-aminolevulinic acid based photodynamic therapy to improve the efficiency of cancer treatment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a kind of photochemo therapeutic treatment that exerts its effect mainly through the induction of cell death. Distinct types of cell death may be elicited by different PDT regimes. In this study, efforts are underway to optimize PDT protocols for improved efficacy and combination of all three PDT mechanisms involved in the different human carcinomas cell narcosis. Our in vitro cell culture experiments with 5-aminolevulanic acid (ALA) a clinically approved photiosensitizer (PS) and 635 nm laser light have yielded promising results, as follow: (1) (human cervical cancer (HeLa) cell line incubated, for 18 h, with 30 ?g/ml of 5-ALA, treated with laser light dose of 50 J/cm2 can produce 85% of cell killing (2) human larynx carcinoma (Hep2c) cell line incubated, for 7 h, with 55 ?g/ml of 5-ALA, treated with laser light dose of 85 J/cm2 can produce 75% of cell killing (3) human liver cancer (HepG2) cell line incubated, for 22-48 h, with 262 ?g/ml of 5-ALA, treated with laser light dose of 120 J/cm2 can produce 95% of cell killing (4) human muscle cancer (RD) cell line incubated, for 47 h, with 250 ?g/ml of 5-ALA, treated with laser light dose of 80 J/cm2 can produce 76% of cell killing (5) Human embryonic kidney (HEK293T) cell line incu-bated, for 18 h, with 400 ?g/ml of 5-ALA, treated with laser light dose of 40 J/cm2 can produce 82% of cell killing confirming the efficacy of photodynamic therapy.

Firdous, S.; Nawaz, M.; Ikram, M.; Ahmed, M.

2012-03-01

312

“Modern” death qualification  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on the results of a comprehensive statewide survey of death penalty attitudes in which respondents were categorized in terms of their death-qualified or excludable status under several different Supreme Court doctrines governing the death-qualification process. We found that although changes in public opinion with respect to the death penalty in general have altered the relative sizes of the

Craig Haney; Aida Hurtado; Luis Vega

1994-01-01

313

What is organic certification?  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Certified organic crop production is a holistic approach to sustainable and healthy food production to enhance the well being of the consumer, while protecting natural resources. Organic certification was implemented by the National Organic Program (NOP) in 2002 in recognition of the necessity for c...

314

Database Management Certificate Program  

E-print Network

Database Management Certificate Program DATABASE TECHNOLOGIES 13 Today, organizations in every to obtain general data analysis and management skills or apply both Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server database capabilities of relational databases in conjunction with the new "Big Data" management frameworks for data

Rose, Michael R.

315

Instructional Design Certificate Program  

E-print Network

E-Learning Instructional Design Certificate Program Business extension.uci.edu/eid #12;Improve Your is produced and delivered. UC Irvine Extension's E-Learning Instructional Design program has been developed. #12;Who Should Attend This program is designed for: Instructional designers Individuals who desire

Rose, Michael R.

316

Business Analyst Certificate Program  

E-print Network

's solutions-driven business environment. Curriculum is aligned with the IIBA Business Analysis Body definitions. Students will be prepared to sit for the Certified Business Analysis ProfessionalTM (CBAP® ), or the Certification of Competency in Business AnalysisTM (CCBATM) designations. Who Should Attend The program

Rose, Michael R.

317

Online Certificate Completion Requirements  

E-print Network

& Customer Service Excellence · Call Center and Customer Service Management · Human Resources Management-MBA · Process Improvement Intro to Lean & Six Sigma · Project Management · Quality Management · Sales available below: Full Certificates Available · Administrative Assistant Skills · Budget, Accounting

Hanson, Stephen José

318

CERTIFICATE IN REAL ESTATE  

E-print Network

CERTIFICATE IN REAL ESTATE U N D E R G R A D U AT E Sheldon B. Lubar School of Business University as a prerequisite for BUS ADM 380 Intro to Real Estate Markets It is also recommended that students complete BUS: BUS ADM 481 Real Estate Finance and BUS ADM 391 Business Law I prior to enrolling in BUS ADM 484

Saldin, Dilano

319

Comparative Ethnic Studies Certificate  

E-print Network

relations, and community formation. Ethnic 255 Migration and Gender: Starbucks, Sex Trafficking, and Nannies concepts such as race, ethnicity, class, gender, and sexuality are given meaning. The program examines, grassroots social movements, and popular cultures shape social identities. The certificate program is open

Saldin, Dilano

320

School Nursing Certification Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2010 update to the resource you have been waiting for to help you prepare to take the National School Nurse Certification Exam. Dr. Janice Selekman DNSc, RN, NCSN, a recognized expert in pediatric nursing, and NASN Past President Linda C. Wolfe MEd, BSN, RN, NCSN, FNASN are the authors. This text was created in response to many years of…

Selekman, Janice; Wolfe, Linda C.

2010-01-01

321

Higher Education Graduate Certificate  

E-print Network

College of Education online at http://www.educ.ttu.edu/future/admission/apply-now. Please make sure2 Higher Education Graduate Certificate in Higher Education Administration Program Handbook College of Education Graduate Education and Research Texas Tech University Box 41071 Lubbock, TX 79409-1071 (806) 742

Rock, Chris

322

Standards and Certification. Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains three papers from a symposium on standards and certification in human resource development (HRD). "Implementing Management Standards in the UK" (Jonathan Winterton, Ruth Winterton) reports on a study that explored the implementation of management standards in 16 organizations and identified 36 key themes and strategic issues…

2002

323

Virginia Career Readiness Certificate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how Virginia responded to employer needs and created a blue print for the establishment of a demand driven workforce-credentialing system. This system serves the needs of job seekers and the competency-certification needs of hiring authorities. This is a true quality of life and economic development movement.

DuBois, Glenn; Westerman, Gloria

2007-01-01

324

Java Programming Certificate Program  

E-print Network

Java Programming Certificate Program COMPUTER PROGRAMMING The Java programming language lies that fuel the Internet economy. In addition, the portability inherent in Java is useful for programming are likely to encounter projects in the near future that require knowledge of Java. Who Should Enroll

Loudon, Catherine

325

Java Programming Certificate Program  

E-print Network

Java Programming Certificate Program COMPUTER PROGRAMMING The Java programming language lies that fuel the Internet economy. In addition, the portability inherent in Java is useful for programming languages are likely to encounter projects in the near future that require knowledge of Java. Who Should

Loudon, Catherine

326

Certification Education & Training  

E-print Network

-state lighting, LEDs, displays, Thermographic Phosphors 3 #12;Thermographic Phosphors · Special class.02 0 343 539 0.02 0.5 351 517 9 · Intense, broad-band emission, yellow-green emission · Ga blue shiftsStandards Certification Education & Training Publishing Conferences & Exhibits Phosphor Thermometry

Walker, D. Greg

327

Boat Operator Certification  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

On September 16, 2014 staff from the Maine Office headed to the Kennebec River in Gardiner for their boat operator re-certification. The USGS routinely uses manned boats for discharge measurements on rivers throughout the state and after our initial training, are re-certified every 5 years. In this...

328

42 CFR 493.55 - Application for registration certificate and certificate of accreditation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Application for registration certificate and certificate of accreditation. 493.55 Section 493...AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Certificate of Accreditation § 493.55 Application...

2010-10-01

329

46 CFR 42.07-55 - Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...issued appropriate load line certificates or load line exemption certificates...prior to the expiration date on the certificate...correctness of load line marks and compliance...line certificate or International Load Line...

2010-10-01

330

46 CFR 42.07-55 - Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...issued appropriate load line certificates or load line exemption certificates...prior to the expiration date on the certificate...correctness of load line marks and compliance...line certificate or International Load Line...

2012-10-01

331

46 CFR 42.07-55 - Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...issued appropriate load line certificates or load line exemption certificates...prior to the expiration date on the certificate...correctness of load line marks and compliance...line certificate or International Load Line...

2011-10-01

332

46 CFR 42.07-55 - Cancellation of load line certificates or exemption certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...issued appropriate load line certificates or load line exemption certificates...prior to the expiration date on the certificate...correctness of load line marks and compliance...line certificate or International Load Line...

2013-10-01

333

Geology Department Graduate Certificates: These certificates are designed to provide practicing professionals an opportunity to  

E-print Network

Geology Department Graduate Certificates: These certificates are designed to provide practicing are offered: Certificate in Engineering Geology Purpose The Graduate Certificate in Engineering Geology provides practicing geologists an opportunity to upgrade their engineering geology credentials while

334

Expert system-based mineral mapping in northern Death Valley, California/Nevada, using the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Integrated analysis of imaging spectrometer data and field spectral measurements were used in conjunction with conventional geologic field mapping to characterize bedrock and surficial geology at the northern end of Death Valley, California and Nevada. A knowledge-based expert system was used to automatically produce image maps showing the principal surface mineralogy from Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data. Linear spectral unmixing of the AVIRIS data allowed further determination of relative mineral, abundances and identification of mineral assemblages and mixtures. The imaging spectrometer data show the spatial distribution of spectrally distinct minerals occurring both as primary rockforming minerals and as alteration and weathering products. Field spectral measurements were used to verify the mineral maps and field mapping was used to extend the remote sensing results. Geographically referenced image maps produced from these data form new base maps from which to develop improved understanding of the processes of deposition and erosion affecting the present land surface.

Kruse, F. A.; Lefkoff, A. B.; Dietz, J. B.

1993-01-01

335

Assessment of Computer-based Geologic Mapping of Rock Units in the LANDSAT-4 Scene of Northern Death Valley, California  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Geologists obtain low accuracy levels when maps derived from LANDSAT MSS data are compared with those made by conventional methods. Procedures developed for the IDIMS computer system and used to classify a subset of a TM image of the Death Valley, California - Nevada border are described. Despite the superior resolution, broader spectral coverage, and greater sensitivity inherent to the TM, the actual recorded measured accuracy was in the same narrow range (30 to 60%) recorded for MSS data from earlier LANDSATs. The supervised classification approach appears to be superior to the unsupervised approach when applied to vegetation-sparse surfaces composed of spectrally contrasting rock/soil units distributed in relatively flat to low relief terrain. As spatial resolution improves and optimal spectral bands for identifying rock materials are specified, use of classified multispectral remote sensing data from air and space when coupled with supporting field calibration and checks should become the dominant way in which geologic mapping is carried out in future decades.

Short, N. M.

1985-01-01

336

A hospital-based estimate of major causes of death among under-five children from a health facility in Lagos, Southwest Nigeria: possible indicators of health inequality  

PubMed Central

Introduction Current evidence on the root-causes of deaths among children younger than 5years is critical to direct international efforts to improve child survival, focus on health promotion and achieve Millennium Development Goal 4. We report a hospital-based estimate for 2005-2007 of the major causes of death in children in this age-group in south-west Nigeria. Methods We used retrospective data from the intensive care unit of a second-tier health facility to extract the presenting complaints, clinical diagnosis, treatment courses, prognosis and outcome among children aged 6—59months. SPSS-19 was used for data analysis. Results Of the 301 children (58% males, 42% females) admitted into the ICU within the period of study, 173 (26%) presented with complaints related to the gastrointestinal system, 138 (21%) with respiratory symptoms and 196 (29%) with complaints of fever. Overall, 708 investigations were requested for among which were full blood count (215, 30%) and blood slides for malaria parasite (166, 23%). Infection ranked highest (181, 31%) in clinicians’ diagnosis, followed by haematological health problems (109, 19%) and respiratory illnesses (101, 17%). There were negative correlations between outcome of the illness and patient’s weight (r=-0.195, p=0.001) and a strong positive correlation between prognosis and outcome of admission (r=0.196, p=0.001). Of the 59 (20%) children that died, presentation of respiratory tract illnesses were significantly higher in females (75%) than in males (39%) (?²=7.06; p=0.008) and diagnoses related to gastrointestinal pathology were significantly higher in males (18%) than in females (0%) (?²=4.07; p=0.05). Majority of the deaths (21%) occurred among children aged 1.0 to 1.9years old and among weight group of 5.1-15.0kg. Conclusion The major causes of deaths among under-five years old originate from respiratory, gastrointestinal and infectious diseases – diseases that were recognized as major causes of childhood mortality about half a century earlier. Realization of MDG4 - to reduce child mortality by two-thirds – is only possible if the government and donor agencies look beyond the health sector to find hidden causative factors such as education and housing and within the health sector such as vibrant maternal, new-born, and child health interventions. PMID:22873746

2012-01-01

337

2A peptide-based, lentivirus-mediated anti-death receptor 5 chimeric antibody expression prevents tumor growth in nude mice.  

PubMed

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), a member of the TNF superfamily, induces tumor cell death via death receptors on target cells, without adverse effects on most normal cells. Its receptors are therefore an attractive target for antibody-mediated tumor therapy. Here, we report the creation of a lentivirus vector constructed by linking the heavy chain and the light chain of the antibody with a 2A/furin self-processing peptide in a single open reading frame that expresses a novel chimeric antibody (named as zaptuximab) with tumoricidal activity, which is consisted of the variable region of a mouse anti-human DR5 monoclonal antibody, AD5-10, and the constant region of human immunoglobulin G1. Lentivirus-expressed zaptuximab bound specifically to its antigen, DR5, and exhibited significant apoptosis-inducing activity in various tumor cell lines. The packaged recombinant virus lenti-HF2AL showed strong apoptosis-inducing activity in vitro. Meanwhile, inoculated subcutaneous human colon HCT116 tumor formation in nude mice were inhibited significantly. Moreover, there was a synergistic effect of mitomycin C (MMC) on the observed tumoricidal efficacy, prolonging the life span of nude mice with orthotopic human lung tumor cancers. These data suggest that lentivirus-mediated, 2A peptide-based anti-DR5 chimeric antibody expression may have clinical utility as an anticancer treatment and may represent a rational adjuvant therapy in combination with chemotherapy. PMID:21934654

Li, Meng; Wu, Yaomin; Qiu, Yuhe; Yao, Zhenyu; Liu, Shilian; Liu, Yanxin; Shi, Juan; Zheng, Dexian

2012-01-01

338

Mortality Inequality in 1-59 Months Children Across Iranian Provinces: Referring System and Determinants of Death Based on Hospital Records  

PubMed Central

Background: To determine inequality in mortality in 1-59 months children across Iranian provinces focusing on referring system and determinants of death. Methods: After designing and examining a national questionnaire for mortality data collection of children 1-59 months, 40 medical universities have been asked to fill in the questionnaires and return to the main researcher in the health ministry in 2009. Results: Mortality in 1-59 months children was unequally distributed across provinces (universities). The recommended refer was 3466 but only 1620 patients were referred. The first five important determinants of death were congenital (671 children or 20.9%), accident (547 children or 17.1%), pulmonary diseases (370 children or 11.5%), cardiovascular (266 children or less than 8.3%), central nervous system (263 children or 8.2%), and infectious and parasitic diseases (245 children or 7.6%), respectively. Conclusions: Our results suggest that inequality in 1-59 months mortality based on the hospital records, and specially referring system, needs more attention in Iran. In addition, it is advisable to conduct provincially representative surveys to provide recent estimates of hospital access inequalities and to allow monitoring over time. PMID:23626882

Amiri, Masoud; Lornejad, Hamid Reza; Barakati, Sayyed Hamed; Motlagh, Mohammad Esmaeil; Kelishadi, Roya; Poursafa, Parinaz

2013-01-01

339

Religious characteristics and the death penalty.  

PubMed

Using one mock trial scenario, this study investigated whether religious and demographic factors were related to death penalty attitudes and sentencing verdicts. Those who favored the death penalty differed from those who had doubts about the penalty in gender, affiliation, fundamentalism, evangelism, literal Biblical interpretism, beliefs about God's attitudes toward murders, and perceptions of how their religious groups felt about the death penalty. These relationships generally held after mock jurors were death qualified. Gender, fundamentalism, literal interpretism, beliefs about God's death penalty position, and perceptions of how one's religious group felt about the death penalty predicted death penalty sentencing verdicts. Future research could determine whether using peremptory challenges to exclude potential jurors based on religion can help lawyers choose a more favorable jury. PMID:17546480

Miller, Monica K; Hayward, R David

2008-04-01

340

Death Education and Death-Related Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed the impact of a death and dying course. Results showed no significant pre-test/post-test differences for the experimental or the control group, but indicated initial differences between the two groups, suggesting that students enrolling in a death and dying course have more favorable attitudes toward both suicide and abortion. (Author)

Hoelter, Jon W.; Epley, Rita J.

1979-01-01

341

Opportunities for prevention of alcohol-related death in primary care: results from a population-based cross-sectional study.  

PubMed

The mortality rate from alcohol-related conditions has risen sharply in the United Kingdom and it is not known whether opportunities for preventive interventions could be improved. The purpose of our study was to identify opportunities to detect, assess, and manage alcohol problems in primary care according to evidence-based guidelines. We carried out a cross-sectional study on patients who died from alcohol-related conditions in the calendar year 2003 within National Health Service Greater Glasgow Health Board area, Scotland (population 920,000). We described patient characteristics and care recorded in health service records, comparing it with best evidence-based practice in Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network and Health Technology Board for Scotland recommendations on the management of harmful drinking and alcohol dependence. 501 deaths occurred from an alcohol-related cause. The mean age at death was 57.5 years and 72% were male. The most common causes of death, recorded by the International Classification of Diseases, revision 10, excluding accidents, were alcoholic liver disease (290, 57.9%) and mental and behavioural disorders due to alcohol (70, 14.0%). Lifetime mean consultations at primary care general practitioner and hospital outpatient departments were 24 in males and 5 in females. All individuals who died from an alcohol-related cause had at least one biochemical or physical indicator suggestive of alcohol misuse. 21% (95% CI 13-33%) had no record of having been advised to abstain from alcohol and 23% (95% CI 15-35%) had received brief interventions. 58% (95% CI 46-70%) had been referred to specialist alcohol services but a third of them did not attend. The majority of patients (83%, 95% CI 72-90%) had no evidence of shared health service and social work care. We concluded that individuals who died from alcohol-related conditions were usually in contact with statutory and voluntary services but further efforts were required to use these opportunities to detect, assess, and manage serious alcohol problems according to evidence-based guidelines. PMID:22840815

Morris, Margaret; Johnson, David; Morrison, David S

2012-11-01

342

Are Death Anxiety and Death Depression Distinct Entities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administered Death Anxiety Scale and Death Depression Scale to 200 individuals. Two scales correlated 0.55. Factor analysis of combined 32 items revealed factors: "death anxiety" having highest factor loadings with Death Anxiety Scale, "death depression" having highest factor loadings with Death Depression Scale, "death of others,""brevity of…

Alvarado, Katherine A.; And Others

1993-01-01

343

Organic Production and Certification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Minnesota Department of Agriculture\\'s Sustainable Agriculture Program provides farmers and consumers with information on organic production practices and certification. The \\"What\\'s New\\" section on the front page of the site includes recent issues in the agricultural field. Agricultural organizations, news and events, and farming systems are all mapped out in detail on the site. Users are also given access to University of Minnesota research on agriculture.

344

Certification and Delegation  

Microsoft Academic Search

OK, so what’s the difference between certification and delegation? It’s well known in this business that you can’t tell what\\u000a a protocol is supposed to do just by looking at what cryptographic transformations get performed on bit patterns. You can\\u000a have the same crypto protocol being used in completely different real world situations to do different jobs. In particular,\\u000a many

Michael Roe

345

Building Operator Certification  

E-print Network

: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Building Operator Certification Energy Efficiency through Operator Training Program Eligibility Level I High school diploma or GED and one of the following: - 2 or more years... diploma or GED and one of the following: - A technical college degree and 3 or more years work experience in operation and maintenance of commercial facilities, OR - A union membership at journey level and 3 or more years work experience in operation...

Lilley, D.

2013-01-01

346

Performance or marketing benefits? The case of LEED certification.  

PubMed

Green building adoption is driven by both performance-based benefits and marketing based benefits. Performance based benefits are those that improve performance or lower operating costs of the building or of building users. Marketing benefits stem from the consumer response to green certification. This study illustrates the relative importance of the marketing based benefits that accrue to Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) buildings due to green signaling mechanisms, specifically related to the certification itself are identified. Of course, all participants in the LEED certification scheme seek marketing benefits. But even among LEED participants, the interest in green signaling is pronounced. The green signaling mechanism that occurs at the certification thresholds shifts building patterns from just below to just above the threshold level, and motivates builders to cluster buildings just above each threshold. Results are consistent across subsamples, though nonprofit organizations appear to build greener buildings and engage in more green signaling than for-profit entities. Using nonparametric regression discontinuity, signaling across different building types is observed. Marketing benefits due to LEED certification drives organizations to build "greener" buildings by upgrading buildings at the thresholds to reach certification levels. PMID:24392820

Matisoff, Daniel C; Noonan, Douglas S; Mazzolini, Anna M

2014-02-01

347

Public health certification.  

PubMed

In 2003, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommended voluntary certification of graduates achieving the Master of Public Health degree. The Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH), the American Public Health Association, the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, the National Association of County and City Health Officials, and the Association for Prevention Teaching and Research joined together to establish the National Board of Public Health Examiners (5). This new body will certify graduates of accredited schools and programs of public health who successfully pass their examination. If this certification becomes common, the debate will move to other questions such as (a) can those who lack a degree from a school of public health be certified through the same examination, or a similar one; (b) how will this general certificate relate to specialized areas of public health practice which are also learned elsewhere; and (c) how will we assess the public health competence of public health workers who do not have a professional education? PMID:19705559

Gebbie, Kristine M

2009-01-01

348

46 CFR 107.258 - Crane certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...107.258 Section 107.258 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Inspection and Certification § 107.258 Crane certification....

2012-10-01

349

46 CFR 107.258 - Crane certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...107.258 Section 107.258 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Inspection and Certification § 107.258 Crane certification....

2011-10-01

350

20 CFR 655.53 - Denied certification.  

...Certification Process and Enforcement of Attestations for Temporary Employment in Occupations Other Than Agriculture or Registered Nursing in the United States (H-2B Workers) Labor Certification Determinations § 655.53 Denied certification....

2014-04-01

351

7 CFR 868.75 - Duplicate certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Duplicate certificates. 868.75 Section 868.75 Agriculture...AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES Regulations Official Certificates § 868.75 Duplicate certificates. Upon request, a duplicate...

2010-01-01

352

7 CFR 1401.4 - Commodity certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Commodity certificates. 1401.4 Section 1401...REGULATIONS AND POLICIES COMMODITY CERTIFICATES, IN KIND PAYMENTS, AND OTHER...PAYMENT § 1401.4 Commodity certificates. (a) General. CCC...

2010-01-01

353

50 CFR 222.202 - Certificate renewal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certificate renewal. 222.202 Section...AND THREATENED MARINE SPECIES Certificates of Exemption for Pre-Act Endangered Species Parts § 222.202 Certificate renewal. (a) Any person...

2010-10-01

354

7 CFR 868.73 - Corrected certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Corrected certificates. 868.73 Section 868.73 Agriculture...AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES Regulations Official Certificates § 868.73 Corrected certificates. (a) General. The accuracy of...

2010-01-01

355

7 CFR 800.165 - Corrected certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Corrected certificates. 800.165 Section 800.165 Agriculture...AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS Official Certificates § 800.165 Corrected certificates. (a) General. The accuracy...

2010-01-01

356

7 CFR 800.164 - Duplicate certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Duplicate certificates. 800.164 Section 800.164 Agriculture...AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS Official Certificates § 800.164 Duplicate certificates. Upon request, a duplicate...

2010-01-01

357

7 CFR 800.166 - Reproducing certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS Official Certificates § 800.166 Reproducing certificates. Official certificates may be photo copied or similarly reproduced. (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 0580-0011)...

2011-01-01

358

7 CFR 800.166 - Reproducing certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS Official Certificates § 800.166 Reproducing certificates. Official certificates may be photo copied or similarly reproduced. (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 0580-0011)...

2013-01-01

359

7 CFR 800.166 - Reproducing certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS Official Certificates § 800.166 Reproducing certificates. Official certificates may be photo copied or similarly reproduced. (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 0580-0011)...

2010-01-01

360

46 CFR 107.258 - Crane certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Crane certification. 107.258 Section 107...Inspection and Certification § 107.258 Crane certification. (a) The Coast Guard...evidence of condition and suitability of cranes. The following organizations are...

2010-10-01

361

14 CFR 21.275 - Experimental certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Procedures § 21.275 Experimental certificates. (a) The...shall, before issuing an experimental certificate, obtain from...for safety. (b) For experimental certificates issued by...undergone changes to the type design requiring flight test,...

2010-01-01

362

14 CFR 21.275 - Experimental certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Procedures § 21.275 Experimental certificates. (a) The...shall, before issuing an experimental certificate, obtain from...for safety. (b) For experimental certificates issued by...undergone changes to the type design requiring flight test,...

2011-01-01

363

Pennsylvania Nutrient Management Specialist Certification Training Program  

E-print Network

v.09.2013 Pennsylvania Nutrient Management Specialist Certification Training Program Certification must be enrolled in the Nutrient Management Certification Program administered by the Pennsylvania the Pennsylvania Nutrient Management Program website (http://panutrientmgmt.cas.psu.edu/). Click

Guiltinan, Mark

364

Death to Critique and Dissent? The Policies and Practices of New Managerialism and of 'Evidence-based Practice'  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the author develops a critique of new managerialism and of its implications for the professional work of scholars and teachers. She then critiques 'evidence-based practice' as it is being developed for schools. She argues that it is only possible to make sense of the policies and practices of the evidence-based practice movement within the framework of new

BRONWYN DAVIES

2003-01-01

365

Discussing death with children  

MedlinePLUS

Death is a concept that is difficult for a child to understand. Grieving adults are often confused ... require many explanations and have many questions regarding death. "What happens when people die?" and "Where do ...

366

Sudden infant death syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

... on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: Expansion of Recommendations for a Safe Infant Sleeping Environment. Pediatrics. 2011. 128(5):e1341-e1367. Hauck FR, ...

367

7 CFR 75.25 - Issuance of corrected certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION OF QUALITY OF AGRICULTURAL AND VEGETABLE SEEDS Inspection § 75.25 Issuance of corrected certificate...certificate shall clearly identify, by certificate number and date, the incorrect certificate which it supersedes....

2010-01-01

368

7 CFR 75.25 - Issuance of corrected certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION OF QUALITY OF AGRICULTURAL AND VEGETABLE SEEDS Inspection § 75.25 Issuance of corrected certificate...certificate shall clearly identify, by certificate number and date, the incorrect certificate which it supersedes....

2011-01-01

369

Association of Holter-Based Measures Including T-wave Alternans with Risk of Sudden Cardiac Death in the Community-Dwelling Elderly: The Cardiovascular Health Study  

PubMed Central

Background Sudden cardiac death (SCD) can be the first manifestation of cardiovascular disease. Development of screening methods for higher / lower risk is critical. Methods The Cardiovascular Healthy Study (CHS) is a population-based study of risk factors for coronary heart disease and stroke those ?65 years. N=49 (of 1649) with usable Holters and in normal sinus rhythm, suffered SCD during follow up and were matched with 2 controls, alive at the time of death of the case and not suffering SCD on follow up. Univariate and multivariate conditional logistic regression determined the association of Holter-based information and SCD. Results In univariate models, the upper half of VPC counts, abnormal heart rate turbulence, decreased normalized low frequency power, increased T-wave alternans (TWA) and decreased DFA1 (short-term fractal scaling exponent) were associated with SCD, but time domain HRV was not. In multivariate models, the upper half of VPC counts (OR=6.6) and having TWA ?37µV on Ch2 (OR=4.8) were independently associated with SCD. Also, the upper half of VPC counts (OR=6.9) and having DFA1 <1.05 (OR=5.0) were independently associated with SCD. When additive effects were explored: having both higher VPCs and higher TWA was associated with an OR of 8.2 for SCD compared to 2.6 for having either. Also, having both higher VPCs and lower DFA1 was associated with an OR of 9.6 for SCD compared to 3.1 for having either. Conclusions Results support a potential role for 24-hour Holter recordings to identify older adults at increased or lower risk of SCD. PMID:20096853

Stein, Phyllis K.; Sanghavi, Devang; Sotoodehnia, Nona; Siscovick, David S; Gottdiener, John

2010-01-01

370

Who's afraid of death?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigated the relationship between fear of personal death and major demographic variables (including personal nearness to death and recent experience with death) among 92 terminally ill patients, 94 chronically ill patients, 90 mentally ill patients, and 95 healthy community members. Measures included interview techniques, a word association test, and bipolar adjective rating scales. Age and religious self-rating were the only

Herman Feifel; Allan B. Branscomb

1973-01-01

371

Values destroyed by death  

Microsoft Academic Search

It was hypothesized that people who valued themselves highly (high self-esteem) should fear death more than those who do not, and what these people should fear most about death is the cessation of those activities in which they are greatly involved. These attitudes towards death should vary with such demographic variables as age, sex, social class, religion, and marital status.

James C. Diggory; Doreen Z. Rothman

1961-01-01

372

Pitfalls in the Diagnosis of Brain Death  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the establishment of the concept of declaring death by brain criteria, a large extent of variability in the determination\\u000a of brain death has been reported. There are no standardized practical guidelines, and major differences exist in the requirements\\u000a for the declaration of brain death throughout the USA and internationally. The American Academy of Neurology published evidence-based\\u000a practice parameters for

Katharina M. Busl; David M. Greer

2009-01-01

373

Death Attitudes and Self-reported Health-relevant Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies are presented investigating the role of attitudes toward death in self-reported health-protective behavior. The Multidimensional Death Attitudes Scale (MDAS), based on three existing measures of death attitudes, was administered to a group of health professionals (N 5 348). A principal components analysis revealed five factors, labeled Acceptance, Fear, Death as Passage, Death as Relief and Avoidance. The five-factor

Chloé D. Martin; Peter Salovey

1996-01-01

374

How the 2008 stock market crash and seasons affect total and cardiac deaths in Los Angeles County.  

PubMed

Various stressors trigger cardiac death. The objective was to investigate a possible relation between a stock market crash and cardiac death in a large population within the United States. We obtained daily stock market data (Dow Jones Industrial Average Index), death certificate data for daily deaths in Los Angeles County (LA), and annual LA population estimates for 2005 through 2008. The 4 years death rate curves (2005 through 2008) were averaged into a single curve to illustrate annual trends. Data were "deseasonalized" by subtracting from the daily observed value the average value for that day of year. There was marked seasonal variation in total and cardiac death rates. Even in the mild LA climate, death rates were higher in winter versus summer including total death (+17%), circulatory death (+24%), coronary heart disease death (+28%), and myocardial infarction death (+38%) rates (p <0.0001 for each). Absolute coronary heart disease death rates have decreased since 1985. After accounting for seasonal variation, the large stock market crash in October 2008 did not affect death rates in LA. Death rates remained at or below seasonal averages during the stock market crash. In conclusion, after correcting for seasonal variation, the stock market crash in October 2008 was not associated with an increase in total or cardiac death in LA. Annual coronary heart disease death rates continue to decrease. However, seasonal variation (specifically winter) remains a trigger for death and coronary heart disease death even in LA where winters are mild. PMID:22381159

Schwartz, Bryan Glen; Pezzullo, John Christopher; McDonald, Scott Andrew; Poole, William Kenneth; Kloner, Robert Alan

2012-05-15

375

Mitigating Circumstances in Death Penalty Decisions: Using Evidence-Based Research to Inform Social Work Practice in Capital Trials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing an effective defense for individuals charged with capital crimes requires a diligent, thorough investigation by a mitigation specialist. However, research suggests that mitigation often plays a small role in the decision for life. Jurors often make sentencing decisions prematurely, basing those decisions on their personal reactions to…

Schroeder, Julie; Guin, Cecile C.; Pogue, Rene; Bordelon, Danna

2006-01-01

376

MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE Ivanov, Ivan Ivanych  

E-print Network

MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE Ivanov, Ivan Ivanych last name, first name, patronymic Citizenship: Citizen and Six whereof on February 30, 2006 the marriage record was made under No. 303 After the marriage translation of the Marriage Certificate from Russian as true and correct in all respects. Karl Ivanovich

Comech, Andrew

377

GRADUATE CERTIFICATE PROGRAM IN NEUROSCIENCE  

E-print Network

GRADUATE CERTIFICATE PROGRAM IN NEUROSCIENCE APPLICATION First Name: Middle Initial: Last Name in Neuroscience will not release your SSN. Z#: Graduate Program currently enrolled: Example: Ph.D. Integrative Acrobat #12;GRADUATE CERTIFICATE PROGRAM IN NEUROSCIENCE at Florida Atlantic University 2 Instructions

Fernandez, Eduardo

378

GRADUATE CERTIFICATE PROGRAM IN NEUROSCIENCE  

E-print Network

GRADUATE CERTIFICATE PROGRAM IN NEUROSCIENCE APPLICATION First Name: Middle Initial: Last Name in Neuroscience will not release your SSN. Z#: Graduate Program currently enrolled: Example: Ph.D. Integrative-mail address: US Citizen? Yes No ­ country of citizenship: #12;GRADUATE CERTIFICATE PROGRAM IN NEUROSCIENCE

Fernandez, Eduardo

379

Undergraduate International Certificate in Sociology  

E-print Network

2011-2012 Undergraduate International Certificate in Sociology Department of Sociology, University at Buffalo *** In an effort to help extend the University's global reach, the Department of Sociology now offers an International Certificate in Sociology as part of its undergraduate degree program

McCombe, Bruce D.

380

Postgraduate Certificate in Geothermal Energy  

E-print Network

Postgraduate Certificate in Geothermal Energy Technology The University of Auckland The University with this dynamic industry. Why this programme? The Postgraduate Certificate in Geothermal Energy Technology of developing geothermal energy fields. The course content draws on recent advances in technology and leading

Auckland, University of

381

Certificate in Transit Management and  

E-print Network

Certificate in Transit Management and Operations UMass Transit, in partnership with the UMass Transportation Center and CTTransit, are pleased to offer "A Certificate in Transit Management and Operations" to students at the University of Massachusetts. "Within the next 5-10 years more than 50 percent of transit

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

382

Certificate in Transit Management and  

E-print Network

Certificate in Transit Management and Operations UMass Transit, in partnership with the UMass Transportation Center and CTTransit, are pleased to offer "A Certificate in Transit Management and Operations" "Within the next 5-10 years more than 50 percent of transit industry workers are expected to retire

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

383

The Underreporting of Lightning injuries and Deaths in Colorado.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reliable statistics on lightning deaths and injuries are needed to raise the awareness of the community to the lightning threat and to educate the public to avoid situations vulnerable to lightning injuries. The principal source of information for lightning casualty data in the United States is NOAA's Storm Data. However, several authors have claimed that this publication underreports lightning deaths and injuries. The authors have conducted a detailed investigation of this issue for Colorado from 1980 to 1991 for fatalities, and from 1988 to 1991 for injuries.It was found that Storm Data relies almost exclusively on newspapers for information on casualties due to lightning. A detailed examination of the flow of casualty information through newspapers to Storm Data revealed that information could be lost at several different stages in the reporting procedure.Colorado Health Department death certificates and Colorado Hospital Association hospital discharge records were used as benchmarks to quantify the degree of completeness of the Storm Data records. 11 was found that Storm Data underreported deaths by 28% over the 12 years relative to the death certificate records, and, that it underreported injuries requiring hospitalization by at least 42% compared to the hospital records. The authors suspect that the underreporting of injuries not needing hospitalization is even greater.

López, Raúl E.; Holle, Ronald L.; Heitkamp, Todd A.; Boyson, Michael; Cherington, Michael; Langford, Kenneth

1993-11-01

384

Study of State Certification/Licensure Requirements for Secondary Career and Technical Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher certification/licensure requirements across the United States are in constant flux. Career and technical education (CTE), with its many subject disciplines, has historically had two pathways to certification/licensure: a traditional degree-based program of courses, field experiences, and exit exams, and an alternative pathway based

Zirkle, Christopher J.; Martin, Lindsey; McCaslin, N. L.

2007-01-01

385

Counterfactual quantum certificate authorization  

E-print Network

We present a multi-partite protocol in a counterfactual paradigm. In counterfactual quantum cryptography, secure information is transmitted between two spatially separated parties even when there is no physical travel of particles transferring the information between them. We propose here a tripartite counterfactual quantum protocol for the task of certificate authorization. Here a trusted third party, Alice, authenticates an entity Bob (e.g., a bank) that a client Charlie wishes to securely transact with. The protocol is counterfactual with respect to either Bob or Charlie. We prove its security against a general incoherent attack, where Eve attacks single particles.

Akshata Shenoy H.; R. Srikanth; T. Srinivas

2014-06-09

386

Counterfactual quantum certificate authorization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a multipartite protocol in a counterfactual paradigm. In counterfactual quantum cryptography, secure information is transmitted between two spatially separated parties even when there is no physical travel of particles transferring the information between them. We propose here a tripartite counterfactual quantum protocol for the task of certificate authorization. Here a trusted third party, Alice, authenticates an entity Bob (e.g., a bank) that a client Charlie wishes to securely transact with. The protocol is counterfactual with respect to either Bob or Charlie. We prove its security against a general incoherent attack, where Eve attacks single particles.

Shenoy H., Akshata; Srikanth, R.; Srinivas, T.

2014-05-01

387

Wind Turbine Certification and Type Certification Guideline for the Certification of Wind Turbines, Edition 2003 with Supplement 2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

Certification of wind turbines or components is state-of-the-art and a must in most places around the world. Furthermore certification to harmonised requirements is an active support of export. Therefore it is important for manufacturers, banks and insurances of wind turbines and components to know the different certification processes as well as guidelines. The procedures to obtain Type and Project Certificates

Mike Woebbeking; Christian Nath; Germanischer Lloyd

388

Estimates of Smoking-Attributable Deaths at Ages 15–54, Motherless or Fatherless Youths, and Resulting Social Security Costs in the United States in 1994  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Deaths of parents often harm their children, taxpayers, and society, for decades. So we estimated the smoking-attributable (SA) counts and percentages (SA%) of U.S. 1994 deaths at child-rearing ages; youths (ages <18) left motherless or fatherless; and resulting Social Security Survivors Insurance taxes.Design. U.S. 1994 age\\/sex\\/education-specific total and SA death counts were estimated using death certificate data and standard

Bruce N. Leistikow; Daniel C. Martin; Christina E. Milano

2000-01-01

389

A Herpesvirus saimiri-based vector expressing TRAIL induces cell death in human carcinoma cell lines and multicellular spheroid cultures.  

PubMed

Herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) is capable of infecting a range of human carcinoma cell types with high efficiency and the viral genome persists as high copy number, circular, non-integrated episomes which segregate to progeny upon cell division. This allows HVS-based vectors to stably transduce a dividing cell population and provide sustained transgene expression for an extended period of time both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, the insertion of a bacterial artificial chromosome cassette into the HVS genome simplifies the incorporation of large amounts of heterologous DNA for gene delivery. Herein we have produced a recombinant HVS-based vector containing full-length human TRAIL under the control of the ?-survivin promoter, and subsequently challenged a variety of cancer cell lines with this vector. The TRAIL transgene was expressed in infected colorectal SW480 cells, causing considerable apoptosis induction. Apoptosis was also observed when several other cancer cell lines derived from different tissues were infected. Moreover, co-treatment with Jak inhibitor AG490 led to the disruption of spheroid cultures grown from the melanoma Mel888 line. These data suggest that an HVS gene therapy vector expressing TRAIL could be an effective treatment against cancer. PMID:22396105

Turrell, Susan J; Macnab, Stuart A; Rose, Ailsa; Melcher, Alan A; Whitehouse, Adrian

2012-06-01

390

Cell death assays for drug discovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cell death has an important role in many human diseases, and strategies aimed at modulating the associated pathways have been successfully applied to treat various disorders. Indeed, several clinically promising cytotoxic and cytoprotective agents with potential applications in cancer, ischaemic and neurodegenerative diseases have recently been identified by high-throughput screening (HTS), based on appropriate cell death assays. Given that different

Oliver Kepp; Lorenzo Galluzzi; Marta Lipinski; Junying Yuan; Guido Kroemer

2011-01-01

391

Another look at fear of death  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is increasing recognition of the need for multilevel measures when dealing with the fear of death (FOD) construct. The present study addressed itself to determining degree of FOD where categorization was based on a consistent positioning of the individual on both direct and indirect measures of FOD. Additionally, FOD was examined in connection with other death dimensions and behaviors.

Herman Feifel; Vivian T. Nagy

1981-01-01

392

Multidimensional treatment of fear of death  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conducted research to provide a multidimensional conceptualization of fear of death and to develop a factor analytic scale for its measurement. Questionnaire data were collected from 375 undergraduates. Based on previous work and the results of factor analysis, 8 fear of death dimensions are proposed: fear of the dying process, fear of the dead, fear of being destroyed, fear for

Jon W. Hoelter

1979-01-01

393

Cell death in health and disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cell death is clearly an important factor in development, homeostasis, pathology and in aging, but medical efforts based on controlling cell death have not become major aspects of medicine. There are several rea- sons why hopes have been slow to be fulfilled, and they present indications for new directions in research. Most effort has focused on the machinery of cell

Richard A Lockshin; Zahra Zakeri

2007-01-01

394

The Effects of Death Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although fear of death is recorded in the writings of the oldest major religions, the study of death and the fear of death have only occurred for the last few decades. Death education courses have grown in number since the early 1970's. College students participated in an investigation of the effects of death education on death anxiety by…

Freitag, Carl B.; Hassler, Shawn David

395

Modeling of a green certificate market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper considers one of the economic mechanisms, stimulating the introduction of renewable energy sources (RES)—a green certificate market. A mathematical model was developed to describe a supply and demand balance in the electricity and green certificate markets simultaneously. The sellers of certificates are RES owners, who obtain certificates for each unit of electricity produced, and the buyers are consumers,

O. V. Marchenko

2008-01-01

396

38 CFR 11.75 - Certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...BANKS ON AND PAYMENT OF ADJUSTED SERVICE CERTIFICATES Loans by Banks on Adjusted Service Certificates Under Section 502 of the World War Adjusted Compensation Act § 11.75 Certificates. Adjusted service certificates are dated as of the 1st day of...

2012-07-01

397

38 CFR 11.75 - Certificates.  

...BANKS ON AND PAYMENT OF ADJUSTED SERVICE CERTIFICATES Loans by Banks on Adjusted Service Certificates Under Section 502 of the World War Adjusted Compensation Act § 11.75 Certificates. Adjusted service certificates are dated as of the 1st day of...

2014-07-01

398

Approaches for certification of electronic prescription software.  

PubMed

The proper management of drug treatment is essential, since adverse drug reactions are common reasons of hospitalisations. Expenditure on drug therapy has also been growing faster than any other aspect of health care in many countries. Savings and quality improvements in drug treatment could be achieved with computerised prescribing. In this paper, the architecture of an electronic prescription system is described in the light of software certification and registration. An electronic prescription system is an example of a system supporting shared care and therefore it should be person based, integrated, secure and confidential and data should be shared among health care institutions. The system architecture shares the idea of a virtual patient record and a smart card will be used as a key to prescription data located on the network. The certification and registration of medical software is a difficult and costly procedure. Ensuring the quality of software can be based on; certification of development process, voluntary evaluation, and post-market surveillance. Voluntary evaluation practice would be a precious tool for both the customers and software developers, and it would also be an invaluable source of information in terms of developing new software. PMID:9513006

Niinimäki, J; Forsström, J

1997-12-01

399

Restaurant manager and worker food safety certification and knowledge.  

PubMed

Over half of foodborne illness outbreaks occur in restaurants. To combat these outbreaks, many public health agencies require food safety certification for restaurant managers, and sometimes workers. Certification entails passing a food safety knowledge examination, which is typically preceded by food safety training. Current certification efforts are based on the assumption that certification leads to greater food safety knowledge. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducted this study to examine the relationship between food safety knowledge and certification. We also examined the relationships between food safety knowledge and restaurant, manager, and worker characteristics. We interviewed managers (N=387) and workers (N=365) about their characteristics and assessed their food safety knowledge. Analyses showed that certified managers and workers had greater food safety knowledge than noncertified managers and workers. Additionally, managers and workers whose primary language was English had greater food safety knowledge than those whose primary language was not English. Other factors associated with greater food safety knowledge included working in a chain restaurant, working in a larger restaurant, having more experience, and having more duties. These findings indicate that certification improves food safety knowledge, and that complex relationships exist among restaurant, manager, and worker characteristics and food safety knowledge. PMID:25361386

Brown, Laura G; Le, Brenda; Wong, Melissa R; Reimann, David; Nicholas, David; Faw, Brenda; Davis, Ernestine; Selman, Carol A

2014-11-01

400

Occupation and Environmental Heat-Associated Deaths in Maricopa County, Arizona: A Case-Control Study  

PubMed Central

Background Prior research shows that work in agriculture and construction/extraction occupations increases the risk of environmental heat-associated death. Purpose To assess the risk of environmental heat-associated death by occupation. Methods This was a case-control study. Cases were heat-caused and heat-related deaths occurring from May-October during the period 2002–2009 in Maricopa County, Arizona. Controls were selected at random from non-heat-associated deaths during the same period in Maricopa County. Information on occupation, age, sex, and race-ethnicity was obtained from death certificates. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate odds ratios for heat-associated death. Results There were 444 cases of heat-associated deaths in adults (18+ years) and 925 adult controls. Of heat-associated deaths, 332 (75%) occurred in men; a construction/extraction or agriculture occupation was described on the death certificate in 115 (35%) of these men. In men, the age-adjusted odds ratios for heat-associated death were 2.32 (95% confidence interval 1.55, 3.48) in association with construction/extraction and 3.50 (95% confidence interval 1.94, 6.32) in association with agriculture occupations. The odds ratio for heat-associated death was 10.17 (95% confidence interval 5.38, 19.23) in men with unknown occupation. In women, the age-adjusted odds ratio for heat-associated death was 6.32 (95% confidence interval 1.48, 27.08) in association with unknown occupation. Men age 65 years and older in agriculture occupations were at especially high risk of heat-associated death. Conclusion The occurrence of environmental heat-associated death in men in agriculture and construction/extraction occupations in a setting with predictable periods of high summer temperatures presents opportunities for prevention. PMID:23734174

Petitti, Diana B.; Harlan, Sharon L.; Chowell-Puente, Gerardo; Ruddell, Darren

2013-01-01

401

7 CFR 1205.342 - Certification of cotton importer organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Certification of cotton importer organizations. 1205.342 Section 1205.342... Certification of Cotton Producer Organization § 1205.342 Certification of cotton importer organizations. Any importer...

2010-01-01

402

7 CFR 1205.341 - Certification of cotton producer organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Certification of cotton producer organization. 1205.341 Section 1205.341... Certification of Cotton Producer Organization § 1205.341 Certification of cotton producer organization. Any cotton producer...

2010-01-01

403

42 CFR 493.43 - Application for registration certificate, certificate for provider-performed microscopy (PPM...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application for registration certificate, certificate for provider-performed microscopy (PPM) procedures, and certificate of compliance. 493.43 Section 493.43 Public Health...

2010-10-01

404

20 CFR 404.722 - Rebuttal of a presumption of death.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence of Age, Marriage, and Death § 404.722 Rebuttal of a presumption of death. A presumption of death made based on §...

2010-04-01

405

20 CFR 404.722 - Rebuttal of a presumption of death.  

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence of Age, Marriage, and Death § 404.722 Rebuttal of a presumption of death. A presumption of death made based on §...

2014-04-01

406

20 CFR 404.722 - Rebuttal of a presumption of death.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence of Age, Marriage, and Death § 404.722 Rebuttal of a presumption of death. A presumption of death made based on §...

2011-04-01

407

20 CFR 404.722 - Rebuttal of a presumption of death.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence of Age, Marriage, and Death § 404.722 Rebuttal of a presumption of death. A presumption of death made based on §...

2013-04-01

408

20 CFR 404.722 - Rebuttal of a presumption of death.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence of Age, Marriage, and Death § 404.722 Rebuttal of a presumption of death. A presumption of death made based on §...

2012-04-01

409

The Psychology of Death  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty-eight black men and women living and/or attending school in the St. Louis and Washington, D.C. areas responded to questionnaires concerning feelings, attitudes, emotions, etc. towards death and dying. It is concluded that blacks see death as a very significant happening; and that although in some areas blacks have become Americanized in…

Fields, B. Celestine

1976-01-01

410

Death Obsession in Palestinians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored death obsession level and correlates among a sample (N=601) of Palestinians living in the city of Beit Jala, the village of Al-Khader, and the Aida refugee camp in the Bethlehem area. They live in war conditions; the houses of half of them have been demolished. The Death Obsession Scale (DOS) was administered. Its alpha…

Abdel-Khalek, Ahmed M.; Al-Arja, Nahida S.; Abdalla, Taysir

2006-01-01

411

Death Through Myth  

Microsoft Academic Search

I wrote this paper, Death Through Myth, for Comparative Cosmologies in Spring 2008. In it, I examine three creation myths: the Maya Popol Vuh, the Andean Huarochiri, and the Japanese Kojiki. Through a close reading of the text, I sought to understand each culture’s view on death, with particular emphasis on the soul and its connection to the body. It

Samantha Newmark

2012-01-01

412

Conflicting Thoughts about Death  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most research on children's conception of death has probed their understanding of its biological aspects: its inevitability, irreversibility and terminal impact. Yet many adults subscribe to a religious conception implying that death marks the beginning of a new life. Two recent empirical studies confirm that in the course of development, children…

Harris, Paul L.

2011-01-01

413

Death Acceptance through Ritual  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the author's original research, which sought to discover the elements necessary for using death-related ritual as a psychotherapeutic technique for grieving people who experience their grief as "stuck," "unending," "maladaptive," and so on. A "death-related ritual" is defined as a ceremony, directly involving at least 1…

Reeves, Nancy C.

2011-01-01

414

The association of cerebral palsy and death with small-for-gestational age birth weight in preterm neonates by individualized and population-based percentiles  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To determine whether an individualized growth standard (IS) improves identification of preterm small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonates at risk of developing moderate/severe cerebral palsy (CP) or death. STUDY DESIGN Secondary analysis of data from a randomized trial of MgSO4 for prevention of CP or death among anticipated preterm births. Singleton non-anomalous liveborns delivered before 34 weeks’ were classified as SGA (< 10th % for their GA) by a population standard (PS) or an IS (incorporating maternal age, height, weight, parity, race/ethnicity, and neonatal gender). The primary outcome was prediction of moderate or severe CP or death by age 2. RESULTS Of 1588 eligible newborns, 143 (9.4%) experienced CP (N=33) or death (N=110). Forty-four (2.8%) were SGA by the PS and 364 (22.9%) by the IS. All PS-SGA newborns also were identified as IS-SGA. SGA newborns by either standard had a similarly increased risk of CP or death (PS: RR 2.4, 95% CI 1.3–4.3 vs. IS: RR 1.8, 95% CI 1.3–2.5, respectively). The similarity of RRs remained after stratification by MgSO4 treatment group. The IS was more sensitive (36% vs. 6%, p <.001), but less specific (78% vs. 98%, p <.001) for CP or death. ROC curve analysis revealed a statistically lower AUC for the PS, although the ability of either method to predict which neonates would subsequently develop CP or death was poor (PS: 0.55, 95% CI 0.49–0.60 vs. IS: 0.59, 95% CI 0.54–0.64, p<.001). CONCLUSION An individualized SGA growth standard does not improve the association with, or prediction of, CP or death by age 2. PMID:23770470

Grobman, William A.; Lai, Yinglei; Rouse, Dwight J.; Spong, Catherine Y.; Varner, Michael W.; Mercer, Brian M.; Leveno, Kenneth J.; Iams, Jay D.; Wapner, Ronald J.; Sorokin, Yoram; Thorp, John M.; Ramin, Susan M.; Malone, Fergal D.; O'sullivan, Mary J.; Hankins, Gary D. V.; Caritis, Steve N.

2013-01-01

415

Death Understanding and Fear of Death in Young Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to test whether the developmental acquisition of a mature concept of death, that is, understanding death as a biological event, affects young children's fear of death. Ninety children between the ages of 4 and 8 participated in an interview study in which their understanding of death and their fear of death were both assessed.

Virginia Slaughter; Maya Griffiths

2007-01-01

416

Coding ill-defined and unknown cause of death is 13 times more frequent in Denmark than in Finland.  

PubMed

Exact cause and manner of death determination improves legislative safety for the individual and for society and guides aspects of national public health. In the International Classification of Diseases, codes R00-R99 are used for "symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified" designated as "ill-defined" or "with unknown etiology". The World Health Organisation recommends avoiding the use of ill-defined and unknown causes of death in the death certificate as this terminology does not give any information concerning the possible conditions that led to the death. Thus, the aim of the study was, firstly, to analyse the frequencies of R00-R99-coded deaths in mortality statistics in Finland and in Denmark and, secondly, to compare these and the methods used to investigate the cause of death. To do so, we extracted a random 90% sample of the Finnish death certificates and 100% of the Danish certificates from the national mortality registries for 2000, 2005 and 2010. Subsequently, we analysed the frequencies of forensic and medical autopsies and external clinical examinations of the bodies in R00-R99-coded deaths. The use of R00-R99 codes was significantly higher in Denmark than in Finland; OR 18.6 (95% CI 15.3-22.4; p<0.001) for 2000, OR 9.5 (95% CI 8.0-11.3; p<0.001) for 2005 and OR 13.2 (95% CI 11.1-15.7; p<0.001) for 2010. More than 80% of Danish deaths with R00-R99 codes were over 70 years of age at the time of death. Forensic autopsy was performed in 88.3% of Finnish R00-R99-coded deaths, whereas only 3.5% of Danish R00-R99-coded deaths were investigated with forensic or medical autopsy. The codes that were most used in both countries were R96-R99, meaning "unknown cause of death". In Finland, all of these deaths were investigated with a forensic autopsy. Our study suggests that if all deaths in all age groups with unclear cause of death were systematically investigated with a forensic autopsy, only 2-3/1000 deaths per year would be coded as an ill-defined and unknown cause of death in national mortality statistics. At the same time the risk to overlook unnatural deaths is decreased to a minimum. To achieve this in Denmark requires that the existing legislation on cause of death investigation would need to be changed to ensure that all deaths with unknown cause of death are investigated with a forensic autopsy. PMID:25300069

Ylijoki-Sørensen, Seija; Sajantila, Antti; Lalu, Kaisa; Bøggild, Henrik; Boldsen, Jesper Lier; Boel, Lene Warner Thorup

2014-11-01

417

Biology in Engineering Certificate Program  

E-print Network

Biology in Engineering Certificate Program Prof. Willis Tompkins Department of Biomedical by a multidisciplinary faculty committee for engineering students Provides opportunity to strengthen biology background in biology and medicine Provides a credential for special effort #12;Prerequisites Prior admission

Van Veen, Barry D.

418

Environmental Certification of Forests in Mexico: The Political Ecology of a Nongovernmental Market Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The certification of the environmental and social characteristics of a product's production process is emerging as a significant transnational, nongovernmental, market-based approach to environmental regulation and development. Using conventions analysis and commodity network analysis, this article examines the political ecology of one such market intervention. After only a decade, environmental certification of forests has spread to cover a significant portion

Dan Klooster

2006-01-01

419

"A Basic Starter Pack": The TESOL Certificate as a Course in Survival  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relying on data both from recent TESOL Certificate trainees and from experienced teachers, this paper examines ways in which a focus on survival during TESOL Certificate courses indicates a performance-based philosophy of teacher education and, ultimately, a preference for native speakers, both of which are inconsistent with the changing global…

Hobbs, Valerie

2013-01-01

420

Alternative Certification: A Comparison of Factors Affecting the Motivations of General and Special Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was developed to examine the motivations of individuals who chose alternative routes to teacher certification and what they believe were the strengths and weaknesses of their alternative certification preparation (ACP). Data accrued from this study were based on a 55-item online survey and participant information from an online focus…

Hogan, Kathleen Ann

2010-01-01

421

A Fair Trade Approach to Community Forest Certification? A Framework for Discussion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forest certification has gained growing attention as a market-based instrument to make globalizing markets a force for mitigating rather than fostering environmental degradation. Yet in practice, market mechanisms currently appear to encourage concentration of forest certification in Northern temperate and boreal forests, rather than in the…

Taylor, Peter Leigh

2005-01-01

422

Graduating STEM Competent and Confident Teachers: The Creation of a STEM Certificate for Elementary Education Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collaborative of STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) and education faculty developed a STEM certificate aimed at elementary education majors. A four-phase process model was used to create and evaluate courses. The certificate is comprised of three interdisciplinary, team-taught, lab-based courses: Environmental Biology,…

Murphy, Tony P.; Mancini-Samuelson, Gina J.

2012-01-01

423

Management of PEM public key certificates using X.500 directory service: Some problems and solutions  

SciTech Connect

Internet Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM) provides security services to users of Internet electronic mail. While the prevalent PEM implementation uses a public key certificate-based strategy, certificates are mostly distributed vie e-mail exchanges, which raises several security and performance issues. This paper discusses some problems with this strategy, explores the relevant issues, and develops an approach to address them.

Cheung, Terry C.

1993-08-01

424

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences Nuclear Medicine (with certification and ATS Radiologic Technology)  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences ­ Nuclear Medicine (with certification and ATS Radiologic Technology) ­ Bachelor of Radiologic Imaging Sciences Technology [RE-BRIT-RIS-NMHO] Regional College Catalog Hours] Note: Students must have graduated from a hospital-based certificate program in radiologic

Sheridan, Scott

425

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences -Computed Tomography (with certification and ATS Radiologic Technology) -  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences - Computed Tomography (with certification and ATS Radiologic Technology) - Bachelor of Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Technology [RE-BRIT-RIS-CTHA] Regional College Hours] Note: Students must have graduated from a hospital-based certificate program in radiologic

Sheridan, Scott

426

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences Radiation Therapy (with certification and ATS Radiologic Technology) -  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences ­ Radiation Therapy ­ (with certification and ATS Radiologic Technology) - Bachelor of Radiologic Imaging Sciences Technology [RE-BRIT-RIS-RTHB] Regional College Catalog Hours] Note: Students must have graduated from a hospital-based certificate program in radiologic

Sheridan, Scott

427

Psychosocial and Behavioral Predictors of Longevity: The Aging and Death of the Termites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Impulsive, undercontrolled personalities and major family stresses are known predictors of impaired adjustment, but long-term health effects are unclear. In an archival prospective cohort design, we followed up on L. M. Terman's (Terman & Oden, 1947) sample of gifted children by collecting and coding death certificates for the half of the sample that is now dead. Statistical survival analyses were

Howard S. Friedman; Joan S. Tucker; Joseph E. Schwartz; Carol Tomlinson-Keasey; Leslie R. Martin; Deborah L. Wingard; Michael H. Criqui

1995-01-01

428

Using verbal autopsy to measure causes of death: the comparative performance of existing methods  

PubMed Central

Background Monitoring progress with disease and injury reduction in many populations will require widespread use of verbal autopsy (VA). Multiple methods have been developed for assigning cause of death from a VA but their application is restricted by uncertainty about their reliability. Methods We investigated the validity of five automated VA methods for assigning cause of death: InterVA-4, Random Forest (RF), Simplified Symptom Pattern (SSP), Tariff method (Tariff), and King-Lu (KL), in addition to physician review of VA forms (PCVA), based on 12,535 cases from diverse populations for which the true cause of death had been reliably established. For adults, children, neonates and stillbirths, performance was assessed separately for individuals using sensitivity, specificity, Kappa, and chance-corrected concordance (CCC) and for populations using cause specific mortality fraction (CSMF) accuracy, with and without additional diagnostic information from prior contact with health services. A total of 500 train-test splits were used to ensure that results are robust to variation in the underlying cause of death distribution. Results Three automated diagnostic methods, Tariff, SSP, and RF, but not InterVA-4, performed better than physician review in all age groups, study sites, and for the majority of causes of death studied. For adults, CSMF accuracy ranged from 0.764 to 0.770, compared with 0.680 for PCVA and 0.625 for InterVA; CCC varied from 49.2% to 54.1%, compared with 42.2% for PCVA, and 23.8% for InterVA. For children, CSMF accuracy was 0.783 for Tariff, 0.678 for PCVA, and 0.520 for InterVA; CCC was 52.5% for Tariff, 44.5% for PCVA, and 30.3% for InterVA. For neonates, CSMF accuracy was 0.817 for Tariff, 0.719 for PCVA, and 0.629 for InterVA; CCC varied from 47.3% to 50.3% for the three automated methods, 29.3% for PCVA, and 19.4% for InterVA. The method with the highest sensitivity for a specific cause varied by cause. Conclusions Physician review of verbal autopsy questionnaires is less accurate than automated methods in determining both individual and population causes of death. Overall, Tariff performs as well or better than other methods and should be widely applied in routine mortality surveillance systems with poor cause of death certification practices. PMID:24405531

2014-01-01

429

Test of an Electronic Program to Query Clinicians About Nonspecific Causes Reported for Pneumonia Deaths, New York City, 2012  

PubMed Central

We tested an electronic cause-of-death query system at a hospital in New York City to evaluate clinicians’ reporting of cause of death. We used the system to query clinicians about all deaths assigned International Classification of Disease code J189 (pneumonia, unspecified) as the underlying cause of death. Of 29 death certificates that generated queries, 28 were updated with additional information, which led to revisions in the underlying cause of 27 deaths. The electronic system for querying reported cause of death was feasible and enabled quicker than usual responses; however, follow-up with clinicians to ensure timely, accurate, and complete responses was labor-intensive. Educating clinicians and enforcing reporting standards would reduce the time and effort required to ensure accurate and timely cause-of-death reporting. PMID:25427318

Korin, Laura; Das, Tara; Soto, Antonio; Begier, Elizabeth

2014-01-01

430

Children's Death Concepts and Ethnicity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships between death concepts of Black and White children and their racial status were examined. Lower-middle-class elementary children completed a four-item questionnaire on death. Most children defined death as the end of living and listed physical causes as the explanation of death. In general, children's death concepts were similar.…

Wass, Hannelore; Towry, Betty J.

1980-01-01

431

46 CFR 115.120 - Certificate of Inspection amendment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certificate of Inspection amendment. 115.120 ...PASSENGERS INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Certificate of Inspection § 115.120 Certificate of Inspection amendment. (a) An...

2010-10-01

432

14 CFR 47.41 - Duration and return of Certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Duration and return of Certificate. 47.41 Section 47.41 ...AIRCRAFT AIRCRAFT REGISTRATION Certificates of Aircraft Registration § 47.41 Duration and return of Certificate. (a) Each Certificate...

2010-01-01

433

46 CFR 91.60-40 - Duration of Convention certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Duration of Convention certificates. 91.60-40 Section 91.60-40...VESSELS INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Certificates Under International Convention for...60-40 Duration of Convention certificates. (a) The following...

2010-10-01

434

46 CFR 189.60-40 - Duration of Convention certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Duration of Convention certificates. 189.60-40 Section 189.60-40...VESSELS INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Certificates Under International Convention for...60-40 Duration of Convention certificates. (a) The following...

2010-10-01

435

9 CFR 354.140 - Forms of inspection certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Forms of inspection certificates. 354.140 Section 354.140 ...EDIBLE PRODUCTS THEREOF Inspection Certificates § 354.140 Forms of inspection certificates. Each inspection certificate...

2010-01-01

436

7 CFR 160.61 - Kinds of certificates issued.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Kinds of certificates issued. 160.61 Section 160.61...REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS FOR NAVAL STORES Certificates and Reports § 160.61 Kinds of certificates issued. A certificate as...

2010-01-01

437

42 CFR 493.45 - Requirements for a registration certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Requirements for a registration certificate. 493.45 Section 493.45 Public Health...CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Registration Certificate, Certificate for Provider-performed Microscopy...

2010-10-01

438

14 CFR 47.49 - Replacement of Certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Replacement of Certificate. 47.49 Section 47.49 Aeronautics...AIRCRAFT AIRCRAFT REGISTRATION Certificates of Aircraft Registration § 47.49 Replacement of Certificate. (a) If a Certificate of...

2010-01-01

439

76 FR 10885 - Export Trade Certificate of Review  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Application No. 11-00001] Export Trade Certificate of Review ACTION: Notice of Application ( 11-00001) for an Export Trade Certificate of Review for the Latin American...received an application for an Export Trade Certificate of Review (``Certificate'')...

2011-02-28

440

50 CFR 222.204 - Administration of certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Administration of certificates. 222.204 Section 222.204...ENDANGERED AND THREATENED MARINE SPECIES Certificates of Exemption for Pre-Act Endangered...Parts § 222.204 Administration of certificates. (a) The Certificate of...

2010-10-01

441

14 CFR 67.401 - Special issuance of medical certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Special issuance of medical certificates. 67.401 Section 67...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Certification...Procedures § 67.401 Special issuance of medical certificates. (a) At the...

2012-01-01

442

14 CFR 67.409 - Denial of medical certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Denial of medical certificate. 67.409 Section 67...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Certification Procedures § 67.409 Denial of medical certificate. (a) Any person who...

2011-01-01

443

14 CFR 67.409 - Denial of medical certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Denial of medical certificate. 67.409 Section 67...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Certification Procedures § 67.409 Denial of medical certificate. (a) Any person who...

2010-01-01

444

14 CFR 67.409 - Denial of medical certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Denial of medical certificate. 67.409 Section 67...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Certification Procedures § 67.409 Denial of medical certificate. (a) Any person who...

2013-01-01

445

14 CFR 67.401 - Special issuance of medical certificates.  

...2014-01-01 false Special issuance of medical certificates. 67.401 Section 67...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Certification...Procedures § 67.401 Special issuance of medical certificates. (a) At the...

2014-01-01

446

14 CFR 67.409 - Denial of medical certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Denial of medical certificate. 67.409 Section 67...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Certification Procedures § 67.409 Denial of medical certificate. (a) Any person who...

2012-01-01

447

14 CFR 67.401 - Special issuance of medical certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Special issuance of medical certificates. 67.401 Section 67...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Certification...Procedures § 67.401 Special issuance of medical certificates. (a) At the...

2013-01-01

448

14 CFR 67.401 - Special issuance of medical certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Special issuance of medical certificates. 67.401 Section 67...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Certification...Procedures § 67.401 Special issuance of medical certificates. (a) At the...

2011-01-01

449

14 CFR 67.409 - Denial of medical certificate.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Denial of medical certificate. 67.409 Section 67...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Certification Procedures § 67.409 Denial of medical certificate. (a) Any person who...

2014-01-01

450

14 CFR 67.401 - Special issuance of medical certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Special issuance of medical certificates. 67.401 Section 67...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Certification...Procedures § 67.401 Special issuance of medical certificates. (a) At the...

2010-01-01

451

25 CFR 307.12 - Certificates, dating, and signing thereof.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certificates, dating, and signing thereof. 307.12 Section 307.12 Indians...GOVERNMENT CERTIFICATE OF GENUINENESS § 307.12 Certificates, dating, and signing thereof. When the certificate is...

2010-04-01

452

14 CFR 139.205 - Amendment of Airport Certification Manual.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of Airport Certification Manual. (a) Under § 139...any Airport Certification Manual approved under this part...certificate holder must submit in writing a proposed amendment to its Airport Certification Manual to the Regional...

2010-01-01

453

Reducing the Teen Death Rate. KIDS COUNT Indicator Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Life continues to hold considerable risk for adolescents in the United States. In 2006, the teen death rate stood at 64 deaths per 100,000 teens (13,739 teens) (KIDS COUNT Data Center, 2009). Although it has declined by 4 percent since 2000, the rate of teen death in this country remains substantially higher than in many peer nations, based

Shore, Rima; Shore, Barbara

2009-01-01

454

A necrotic cell death model in a protist  

Microsoft Academic Search

While necrotic cell death is attracting considerable interest, its molecular bases are still poorly understood. Investigations in simple biological models, taken for instance outside the animal kingdom, may benefit from less interference from other cell death mechanisms and from better experimental accessibility, while providing phylogenetic information. Can necrotic cell death occur outside the animal kingdom? In the protist Dictyostelium, developmental

C Laporte; A Kosta; G Klein; L Aubry; D Lam; E Tresse; M F Luciani; P Golstein

2007-01-01

455

Analysis of the bereavement effect after the death of a spouse in the Amish: a population-based retrospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Objective This study investigates the association between bereavement and the mortality of a surviving spouse among Amish couples. We hypothesised that the bereavement effect would be relatively small in the Amish due to the unusually cohesive social structure of the Amish that might attenuate the loss of spousal support. Design Population-based cohort study. Setting The USA. Participants 10?892 Amish couples born during 1725–1900 located in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. All the participants are deceased. Outcome measures The survival time is ‘age’; event is ‘death’. Hazard ratios (HRs) of widowed individuals with respect to gender, age at widowhood, remarriage, the number of surviving children and time since bereavement. Results We observed HRs for widowhood ranging from 1.06 to 1.26 over the study period (nearly all differences significant at p<0.05). Mortality risks tended to be higher in men than in women and in younger compared with older bereaved spouses. There were significantly increased mortality risks in widows and widowers who did not remarry. We observed a higher number of surviving children to be associated with increased mortality in men and women. Mortality risk following bereavement was higher in the first 6?months among men and women. Conclusions We conclude that bereavement effects remain apparent even in this socially cohesive Amish community. Remarriage is associated with a significant decrease in the mortality risk among Amish individuals. Contrary to results from previous studies, an increase in the number of surviving children was associated with decreased survival rate. PMID:24435888

Seifter, Ari; Singh, Sarabdeep; McArdle, Patrick F; Ryan, Kathleen A; Shuldiner, Alan R; Mitchell, Braxton D; Schäffer, Alejandro A

2014-01-01

456

Intrinsic religious motivation and attitudes toward death among the elderly  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty-five males and females ages 65 and older completed the Intrinsic Religious Motivation Scale, a measure of faith development\\u000a (based on Fowler, 1981), and two multidimensional measures of death anxiety (the Collett-Lester Fear of Death Scale-Revised\\u000a and the Multidimensional Fear of Death Scale). Individuals with intrin-sic religious motivation reported significantly lower\\u000a levels of various types of death anxiety than did

Richard Clements

1998-01-01

457

14 CFR 121.207 - Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations. 121...AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Airplane Performance Operating Limitations...207 Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations....

2010-01-01

458

32 CFR Appendix C to Part 231 - Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance C Appendix... PROCEDURES GOVERNING BANKS, CREDIT UNIONS AND OTHER FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS ON DOD...Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance I,...

2010-07-01

459

The relationship among children's conceptualization of death, parental communication about death, and parental death anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relationship between parents' communications about death with their children and children's conceptualization of death. The relationship between parental death anxiety and parents', communications about death was also examined. Other variables examined were: parents' belief in an afterlife, parents' religion, children's experiences with loss, children's gender, and children's age with children's conceptualization of death, parents' communications about

Talia Hatzor Matalon

1998-01-01

460

Hallmarks, Evading death: Hanahan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Professor Douglas Hanahan explains that a fundamental property of multi-cellular organisms is the capability to have cells commit suicide or undergo apoptosis, which is a form of programmed cell death.

2009-12-26

461

Cell Death and Fibrogenesis  

PubMed Central

Fibrosis is a common feature of chronic liver injury and is initiated by cell death inside the liver. Hepatocyte death results in apoptotic bodies and other cellular debris, which are phagocytosed by hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), resulting in their activation, proliferation, differentiation, and matrix deposition. This profibrotic effect of cellular death is balanced by an antifibrotic effect of HSC death. Many HSC survival signals are obtained from the extracellular matrix, and active proapoptotic signals are provided by immune cells, particularly natural killer (NK) cells. Quiescent HSCs are relatively resistant to apoptotic signals but become sensitive after activation. The important role of NK cells in inducing HSC apoptosis may explain the increased fibrosis associated with immune suppression (e.g., in the transplant recipient) and HIV infection. HSCs also undergo senescence, which limits their function and sensitizes them to apoptosis. PMID:20665375

Mehal, Wajahat; Imaeda, Avlin

2011-01-01

462

Framework for Certification of Fish Propagation, Protection and Monitoring Facilities. Final Report.  

SciTech Connect

A conceptual framework for certification of fish production and monitoring facilities including software templates to expedite implementation of the framework are presented. The framework is based on well established and widely utilized project management techniques. The implementation templates are overlays for Microsoft Professional Office software products: Excel, Word, and Project. Use of the software templates requires Microsoft Professional Office. The certification framework integrates two classical project management processes with a third process for facility certification. These processes are: (1) organization and definition of the project, (2) acquisition and organization of project documentation, and (3) facility certification. The certification process consists of systematic review of the production processes and the characteristics of the produced product. The criteria for certification review are the plans and specifications for the products and production processes that guided development of the facility. The facility is certified when the production processes are operating as designed and the product produced meets specifications. Within this framework, certification is a performance based process, not dissimilar from that practiced in many professions and required for many process, or a product meets professional/industry standards of performance. In the case of fish production facilities, the certifying authority may be diffuse, consisting of many entities acting through a process such as NEPA. A cornerstone of certification is accountability, over the long term, for the operation and products of a facility. This is particularly important for fish production facilities where the overall goal of the facility may require decades to accomplish.

Carlson, Thomas J.; Costello, Ronald J.

1997-06-01

463

[Leading causes of death in the aborigines in Taiwan].  

PubMed

Leading causes of death were analyzed among Aboriginal tribes in Taiwan in the decades of 1971-80 and 1981-90. Sex and tribe specific standardized mortality ratios were calculated from death certificate data and compared with the number of expected deaths derived from the mortality of the total population in Taiwan. In all, 35,221 cases of death in Aborigines were contrasted with 1,695,479 cases of death in the total population in Taiwan. Generally speaking during the two decades the SMR increased considerably suggesting more attention should be paid to the aborigines. Mortality due to accidents was statistically significantly higher than expected among Atayal, Bunun, Paiwan and Rukai men and among Atayal, Bunun and Paiwan women, as was mortality from tuberculosis among Atayal, Bunun, Paiwan and Rukai men and women, mortality due to liver cirrhosis as well as pneumonia among the Atayal, Bunun and Paiwan men and women, mortality from suicide among Atayal, Bunun, and Paiwan men, and among Atayal and Bunun women, mortality due to cancer among Bunun and Paiwan men and women, and mortality due to cardiovascular diseases among Atayal, Bunun and Paiwan men in 1981-90 decade. The SMR for ill-defined conditions was on average twice as high as expected; but among the Yami tribe in particular it was elevated 12 fold, indicating insufficient medical care. Factors relating to the cause of increased deaths need to be further studied. PMID:8089871

Ko, Y C; Hsieh, S F

1994-07-01

464

Towards evidence-based emergency medicine: best BETs from the Manchester Royal Infirmary. BET 3: Paediatric deaths associated with over the counter cough and cold medicines.  

PubMed

A short cut review was carried out to establish whether over the counter cough and cold medicines were associated with unexpected deaths in childhood. 115 papers were found using the reported searches, of which three presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of those best papers are tabulated. It is concluded that while over the counter cough and cold medications may be associated with unexpected paediatric deaths, the degree of risk is not clear. PMID:24429253

Deschler, Deanna; Judge, Bryan

2014-02-01

465

Autophagic cell death exists  

PubMed Central

The term autophagic cell death (ACD) initially referred to cell death with greatly enhanced autophagy, but is increasingly used to imply a death-mediating role of autophagy, as shown by a protective effect of autophagy inhibition. In addition, many authors require that autophagic cell death must not involve apoptosis or necrosis. Adopting these new and restrictive criteria, and emphasizing their own failure to protect human osteosarcoma cells by autophagy inhibition, the authors of a recent Editor’s Corner article in this journal argued for the extreme rarity or nonexistence of autophagic cell death. We here maintain that, even with the more stringent recent criteria, autophagic cell death exists in several situations, some of which were ignored by the Editor’s Corner authors. We reject their additional criterion that the autophagy in ACD must be the agent of ultimate cell dismantlement. And we argue that rapidly dividing mammalian cells such as cancer cells are not the most likely situation for finding pure ACD. PMID:22652592

Clarke, Peter G.H.; Puyal, Julien

2012-01-01

466

An investigation of DUA caching strategies for public key certificates  

SciTech Connect

Internet Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM) provides security services to users of Internet electronic mail. PEM is designed with the intention that it will eventually obtain public key certificates from the X.500 directory service. However, such a capability is not present in most PEM implementations today. While the prevalent PEM implementation uses a public key certificate-based strategy, certificates are mostly distributed via e-mail exchanges, which raises several security and performance issues. In this thesis research, we changed the reference PEM implementation to make use of the X.500 directory service instead of local databases for public key certificate management. The thesis discusses some problems with using the X.500 directory service, explores the relevant issues, and develops an approach to address them. The approach makes use of a memory cache to store public key certificates. We implemented a centralized cache server and addressed the denial-of-service security problem that is present in the server. In designing the cache, we investigated several cache management strategies. One result of our study is that the use of a cache significantly improves performance. Our research also indicates that security incurs extra performance cost. Different cache replacement algorithms do not seem to yield significant performance differences, while delaying dirty-writes to the backing store does improve performance over immediate writes.

Cheung, T.C.

1993-11-01

467

Subspecialty certification in hand surgery.  

PubMed

Subspecialty certification in hand surgery was instituted in 1989 by the collaborative efforts of the American Boards of General Surgery, Plastic Surgery, and Orthopaedic Surgery. Candidates must be certified by their parent board and have demonstrated qualifications in hand surgery beyond those expected of other Board-certified surgeons. Qualifications include 1 year of additional training in an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education accredited hand surgery fellowship, successful passage of a secure examination in hand surgery, and a practice characterized by a majority of cases in hand surgery. The certificates are time limited, and every 10 years one must successfully pass a recertification examination to maintain subspecialty certification. Since its inception, 1431 orthopaedic surgeons have passed the examination and the failure rate has been 3.1%. Six hundred and twenty-three have recertified with a failure rate of 2%. Possession of a certificate of subspecialty qualifications in hand surgery was never intended to bestow special privileges to those who practice hand surgery; rather, it was intended to demonstrate to the public and our profession that certificate holders have met Board Standards and are qualified to treat problems related to the hand and wrist. PMID:16735880

Stern, Peter J

2006-08-01

468

15 CFR 2015.3 - Export certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Export certificates. 2015.3 Section 2015.3 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating...TARIFF-RATE QUOTAS FOR SUGAR-CONTAINING PRODUCTS § 2015.3 Export certificates. (a) To...

2013-01-01

469

15 CFR 2015.3 - Export certificates.  

... 2014-01-01 false Export certificates. 2015.3 Section 2015.3 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating...TARIFF-RATE QUOTAS FOR SUGAR-CONTAINING PRODUCTS § 2015.3 Export certificates. (a) To...

2014-01-01

470

15 CFR 2015.3 - Export certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false Export certificates. 2015.3 Section 2015.3 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating...TARIFF-RATE QUOTAS FOR SUGAR-CONTAINING PRODUCTS § 2015.3 Export certificates. (a) To...

2012-01-01

471

15 CFR 2015.3 - Export certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Export certificates. 2015.3 Section 2015.3 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating...TARIFF-RATE QUOTAS FOR SUGAR-CONTAINING PRODUCTS § 2015.3 Export certificates. (a) To...

2011-01-01

472

Political Science Departmental Distinction Certificate Program  

E-print Network

Political Science Departmental Distinction Certificate Program Purpose: The goal of the Departmental Distinction Certificate Program is to challenge and recognize excellent Political Science students both for their academic and academic- related work. Eligibility: Students majoring in Political Science

Elsherbeni, Atef Z.

473

50 CFR 222.202 - Certificate renewal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of Exemption for Pre-Act Endangered Species Parts § 222.202 Certificate...inventory of all pre-Act endangered species parts for which the...Certificate of Exemption under the Endangered Species Act, as amended, and...

2012-10-01

474

50 CFR 222.202 - Certificate renewal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of Exemption for Pre-Act Endangered Species Parts § 222.202 Certificate...inventory of all pre-Act endangered species parts for which the...Certificate of Exemption under the Endangered Species Act, as amended, and...

2013-10-01

475

50 CFR 222.202 - Certificate renewal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of Exemption for Pre-Act Endangered Species Parts § 222.202 Certificate...inventory of all pre-Act endangered species parts for which the...Certificate of Exemption under the Endangered Species Act, as amended, and...

2011-10-01

476

46 CFR 107.413 - Exemption certificate.  

...107.413 Section 107.413 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Certificates Under International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea,...

2014-10-01

477

GRADUATE CERTIFICATE PROGRAM GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SCIENCES  

E-print Network

GRADUATE CERTIFICATE PROGRAM GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SCIENCES Department of Geography University Information Sciences (GIScience) study geospatial phenomena using an integrated set of spatial digital Certificate Program in Geographic Information Sciences offered within the Department of Geography is designed

Doyle, Martin

478

47 CFR 54.809 - Carrier certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...UNIVERSAL SERVICE Interstate Access Universal Service Support Mechanism § 54.809 Carrier certification. (a) Certification...Administrator of the interstate access universal service support mechanism, on or before the filing deadlines set forth in...

2010-10-01

479

47 CFR 54.904 - Carrier certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) UNIVERSAL SERVICE Interstate Common Line Support Mechanism for Rate-of-Return Carriers § 54.904 Carrier certification. (a) Certification. Carriers that...

2010-10-01

480

15 CFR 2015.3 - Export certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Export certificates. 2015.3 Section 2015.3 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating...TARIFF-RATE QUOTAS FOR SUGAR-CONTAINING PRODUCTS § 2015.3 Export certificates. (a) To...

2010-01-01

481

42 CFR 442.101 - Obtaining certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS STANDARDS FOR PAYMENT TO NURSING FACILITIES AND INTERMEDIATE CARE FACILITIES FOR THE MENTALLY RETARDED Certification of ICFs/MR § 442.101 Obtaining certification. (a) This section states the...

2010-10-01

482

5 CFR 630.1208 - Medical certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Medical certification. 630.1208 Section 630.1208...SERVICE REGULATIONS ABSENCE AND LEAVE Family and Medical Leave § 630.1208 Medical certification. (a) An agency may...

2012-01-01

483

5 CFR 630.1207 - Medical certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Medical certification. 630.1207 Section 630.1207...SERVICE REGULATIONS ABSENCE AND LEAVE Family and Medical Leave § 630.1207 Medical certification. (a) An agency may...

2011-01-01

484

5 CFR 630.1208 - Medical certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Medical certification. 630.1208 Section 630.1208...SERVICE REGULATIONS ABSENCE AND LEAVE Family and Medical Leave § 630.1208 Medical certification. (a) An agency may...

2013-01-01

485

5 CFR 630.1208 - Medical certification.  

... 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Medical certification. 630.1208 Section 630.1208...SERVICE REGULATIONS ABSENCE AND LEAVE Family and Medical Leave § 630.1208 Medical certification. (a) An agency may...

2014-01-01

486

40 CFR 82.164 - Reclaimer certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Reclaimer certification. 82.164 Section 82.164 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...STRATOSPHERIC OZONE Recycling and Emissions Reduction § 82.164 Reclaimer certification. Effective...

2010-07-01

487

7 CFR 247.16 - Certification period.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification period. 247.16 Section 247.16 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of...NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.16 Certification period. (a) How long is...

2010-01-01

488

49 CFR 380.401 - Certification document.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SAFETY REGULATIONS SPECIAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS Driver-Training...be issued a Driver-Training Certificate that is...copy of the Driver-Training Certificate to his...filed in the Driver Qualification...

2010-10-01

489

31 CFR 50.53 - Loss certifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Loss certifications. 50.53 Section 50.53 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury TERRORISM RISK INSURANCE PROGRAM Claims Procedures § 50.53 Loss certifications. (a) General. When an...

2011-07-01

490

31 CFR 50.53 - Loss certifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Loss certifications. 50.53 Section 50.53 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury TERRORISM RISK INSURANCE PROGRAM Claims Procedures § 50.53 Loss certifications. (a) General. When an...

2013-07-01

491

14 CFR 183.13 - Certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Certificate of Designation” and an appropriate Identification Card is issued to each Aviation Medical Examiner and to each forensic pathologist designated under § 183.11(a). (b) A “Certificate of Authority” specifying the kinds of...

2010-01-01

492

14 CFR 183.13 - Certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Certificate of Designation” and an appropriate Identification Card is issued to each Aviation Medical Examiner and to each forensic pathologist designated under § 183.11(a). (b) A “Certificate of Authority” specifying the kinds of...

2012-01-01

493

14 CFR 183.13 - Certification.  

...Certificate of Designation” and an appropriate Identification Card is issued to each Aviation Medical Examiner and to each forensic pathologist designated under § 183.11(a). (b) A “Certificate of Authority” specifying the kinds of...

2014-01-01

494

14 CFR 183.13 - Certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Certificate of Designation” and an appropriate Identification Card is issued to each Aviation Medical Examiner and to each forensic pathologist designated under § 183.11(a). (b) A “Certificate of Authority” specifying the kinds of...

2013-01-01

495

14 CFR 183.13 - Certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Certificate of Designation” and an appropriate Identification Card is issued to each Aviation Medical Examiner and to each forensic pathologist designated under § 183.11(a). (b) A “Certificate of Authority” specifying the kinds of...

2011-01-01

496

40 CFR 92.208 - Certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...new locomotive engines. If, after a review of the application for certification...and locomotive engines. If, after a review of the application for certification...If the Administrator finds, after a review of the request and supporting...

2011-07-01

497

40 CFR 92.208 - Certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...new locomotive engines. If, after a review of the application for certification...and locomotive engines. If, after a review of the application for certification...If the Administrator finds, after a review of the request and supporting...

2012-07-01

498

27 CFR 26.260 - Certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND THE VIRGIN ISLANDS Procedure at Port of Entry From the Virgin Islands § 26.260 Certificate. Persons (except tourists) bringing liquors or articles from the Virgin Islands into the United States shall file the certificate provided for...

2011-04-01

499

27 CFR 26.260 - Certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND THE VIRGIN ISLANDS Procedure at Port of Entry From the Virgin Islands § 26.260 Certificate. Persons (except tourists) bringing liquors or articles from the Virgin Islands into the United States shall file the certificate provided for...

2010-04-01

500

49 CFR 179.11 - Welding certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Welding certification. 179.11 Section 179.11...CARS General Design Requirements § 179.11 Welding certification. (a) Welding procedures, welders and fabricators shall...

2013-10-01