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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

The Utility of a Recommended Core List: An Examination of "Books for College Libraries, 3rd Ed."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a study that was conducted to examine the utility of "Books for College Libraries, 3rd Ed." (BCL3) as a collection development and evaluation tool for academic libraries. Holdings of sample titles from BCL3 in the OCLC Online Union Catalog are examined, and the in-print status of titles is investigated. (11 references) (LRW)|

Budd, John M.

1991-01-01

2

Chemistry: Principles and Practice, 3rd Edition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Chemistry: Principles and Practice, 3rd Edition, by Daniel L. Reger, Scott R. Goode, David W. Ball published by Brooks/Cole, 2010.

3

Coal mine ground control. 3rd ed.  

SciTech Connect

The third edition not only completely revises and updates the original subject areas, but also is broadened to include a number of new topics such as high horizontal stresses, computer modeling, and highwall stability. The subject areas covered in this book define the current field of coal mine ground control, except for the recently emerging topic of mine seals and some conventional subjects such as coal/rock cutting and impoundment dams. It contains 1,134 references from all published sources, and archived since 1876.

Peng, S.S.

2008-09-15

4

Towards a hydrogen economy. 3rd ed.  

SciTech Connect

The report is a study of the movement towards using hydrogen as a key energy carrier in the future. It takes a look at the current state of hydrogen and addresses the infrastructure requirements needed to make the hydrogen economy a reality. The report offers a detailed look at the move to a hydrogen economy by: Identifying the current status of hydrogen production and use; Discussing the key business drivers of the move towards hydrogen; Discussing the barriers to implementation that stand in the way of a transition; Providing a critical look at whether the hydrogen economy can succeed; Describing the options that exist for a hydrogen infrastructure; Identifying the key government initiatives making the hydrogen economy a reality; Providing company-by-company profiles of automobile manufacturer efforts to develop and commercialize hydrogen vehicles; and Providing profiles of key hydrogen infrastructure manufacturers.

NONE

2006-07-15

5

Chemistry: Principles and Practice, 3rd ed  

Microsoft Academic Search

A text that truly embodies its name, CHEMISTRY: PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE connects the chemistry students learn in the classroom (principles) with real-world uses of chemistry (practice). The authors accomplish this by starting each chapter with an application drawn from a chemical field of interest and revisiting that application throughout the chapter. The Case Studies, Practice of Chemistry essays, and Ethics

Daniel L. Reger; Scott L. Goode; David W. Ball

2010-01-01

6

3rd Grade Social Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Webquest Assignment for 3rd Grade Social Studies Standard 1 Standard 1 Students will understand how geography influences community location and development. Hello Students! Introduction) Today we are going to do a webquest for social studies. Remember the other day we talked about biomes. Lets review with this video. Task) First: Go to this link and tell me ...

Auger, Ms.

2009-11-18

7

More States Retaining 3rd Graders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As increasing numbers of states move to end social promotion of 3rd graders, some are also including interventions to help students learn to read. Oklahoma is one of several states that recently adopted new reading policies that--with limited exceptions--call for 3rd graders to be held back if they flunk a state standardized test. Supporters say…

Robelen, Erik W.

2012-01-01

8

Search for Life in the Universe, 3rd Ed  

Microsoft Academic Search

Long recognized as the Gold Standard text for astrobiology courses, The Search for Life in the Universe now appears in a completely revised and updated Third Edition. This book engages students in astronomy by presenting a great, unsolved mystery: How likely is life beyond earth, and how can we find it if it exists? The text covers the fundamentals of

Donald Goldsmith

2001-01-01

9

Matter & Interactions 3rd Ed. Practice Problems: The Energy Principle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page contains problems that supplement Chapter 6 on the Energy Principle in the third edition of the introductory textbook Matter and Interactions, by Ruth Chabay and Bruce Sherwood. Problems are designed to provide practice for solving energy problems in a variety of systems, including an elementary particle, spring systems, kinetic energy resulting from decay of a neutron, and more. Each problem can be viewed separately, with solutions, or downloaded as a pdf file. The site includes videos showing solutions to many of the problems. These can be followed with RSS or as podcasts from iTunes. Instructors are encouraged to submit their own problems and solutions to the web site. Problems should be submitted in LaTex.

Titus, Aaron

2010-01-11

10

The radiology of joint disease. 3rd Ed  

SciTech Connect

The book is a systematic radiographic approach to the arthritides. Part one deals with hand abnormalities ''to facilitate the teaching of basic principles and to dramatize the differences between radiographic features of various arthritides,'' as stated in the forward of the first edition. Part two, ''Arthritis from Head to Foot,'' illustrates the same diseases as they affect other joints. The ABCs (alignment, bone mineralization, cartilage space, soft tissue) approach is followed throughout the book. For example, reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome is dealt with in six different locations, and metatarsal stress fractures are mentioned in a chapter on erosions in rheumatoid arthritis.

Forrester, D.M.; Brown, J.C.

1987-01-01

11

Cosmetic Dentistry  

MedlinePLUS

If you have stained, broken or uneven teeth, cosmetic dentistry can help. Cosmetic dentistry is different from orthodontic treatment, which can straighten your teeth with braces or other devices. Cosmetic dental procedures include Bleaching to make teeth whiter ...

12

Optical 3rd-order autocorrelator  

Microsoft Academic Search

The correlator is simply composed of a diffused light source, a slit, a condenser lens and three identical transparencies f;(x). Output intensity distribution Theta(tau1, tau2) is proportional to the 3rd-order autocorrelation function of f;(x) that is, Theta(tau1, tau2) ~ ?T-->? (1\\/2T) ??-TT f;(x)f;(x+tau1)f;(x+tau2)dx. The square of the modulus of the bi-spectrum of f;(x) is also easily obtained from the output

S. Fujimura; K. Ohshima; I. Yamada

1972-01-01

13

Multifrequency Catalogue of Blazars (3rd Edition)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 3rd Edition of the Multifrequency Catalogue of Blazars is one of the most complete list of Active Galactic Nuclei whose emission properties are recognised as typical of blazars. It includes the list of sources and an essential compilation of multifrequency data from radio to gamma rays. This catalogue of blazars was initially assembled with the aim of providing a useful tool for the identification of the counterparts of the many gamma-ray sources detected by Fermi-GST, and it was actually used by the Fermi-LAT team for the preparation of the 1 LAC and 2 LAC catalogues. However, blazars are important bservational targets for a number of present and future space missions and ground-based observatories. The source list for the entire sky is available online at the ASDC web site (http://www.asdc.asi.it/bzcat/) where it is frequently updated to add new blazars and to improve the database.

Massaro, E.; Giommi, P.; Leto, C.; Marchegiani, P.; Maselli, A.; Perri, M.; Piranomonte, S.

2011-10-01

14

QWIP and 3rd generation IR imagers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Standard GaAs/AlGaAs Quantum Well Infrared Photodetectors (QWIPs) are from now seriously considered for the 3rd generation of IR imagers. Since 2002, the THALES Group has been manufacturing sensitive arrays using QWIP technology based on AsGa techniques through THALES Research and Technology Laboratory. This QWIP technology allows the realization of large staring arrays for Thermal Imagers (TI) working in the IR band III (8-12 ?m). A review of the current QWIP products is presented. In the past researchers claimed many advantages of QWIPs. Uniformity was one of these and was the key parameter for the production start. By presenting our first results of a 640x512 LWIR FPA at a pitch of 20?m, we also demonstrate that very high performances can be achieved even with small pixels which opens the field for the realization of usable and affordable megapixel FPAs. Another advantage widely claimed in the past for QWIPs was the so-called band-gap engineering and versatility of the III-V processing. This allows the custom design of quantum structure to fulfill the requirements of specific applications like very long wavelength or multispectral detection. In this presentation, we present the performances of our first 256x256 MWIR / LWIR and LWIR/LWIR two color FPAs at a pitch of 25 ?m.

Costard, E.; Bois, Ph.; Marcadet, X.; Nedelcu, A.

2005-05-01

15

The 3rd Generation Fire Truck and its Spraying Technique  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 3rd generation fire truck takes use of compressed gas as spraying medium. By way of the especially designed spraying device in the 3rd generation fire truck, the extinguishing agents mixed with compressed gas uniformly, are spraying to fire fields in microdots with high speed and high flux. The extinguishing agents’ microdots with high kinematic energy can penetrate into the

WANG Gea; JI Yong-xing; SHEN Yao-zong

2011-01-01

16

API 546 3rd edition - making Synchronous Machines better  

Microsoft Academic Search

API 546 3rd edition was written by users, consultants and manufacturers to provide a common performance standard for large Synchronous Machines. The standard is designed as a stand alone document listing the requirements of all aspects of a synchronous machine. When compared to earlier editions, this edition has various enhancements designed to make it easier to purchase or specify a

B. Lockley; M. Chisholm; T. Griffith; G. D'Alleva; B. Wood

2008-01-01

17

PRECIPITATION MODEL VALIDATION IN 3 RD GENERATION AEROTURBINE DISC ALLOYS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In support of application of the DARPA-AIM methodology to the accelerated hybrid thermal process optimization of 3 rd generation aeroturbine disc alloys with quantified uncertainty , equilibrium and diffusion couple experiments have identified av ailable fundamental thermodynamic and mobility databases of sufficient accuracy. Using coherent interfacial energies quant ified by Single-Sensor DTA nucleation undercooling measurements, PrecipiCalc™ simulations of nonisothermal precipitation

G. B. Olson; H.-J. Jou; J. Jung; J. T. Sebastian; A. Misra; I. Locci; D. Hull

18

3rd grade English language learners making sense of sound  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite the extensive body of research that supports scientific inquiry and argumentation as cornerstones of physics learning, these strategies continue to be virtually absent in most classrooms, especially those that involve students who are learning English as a second language. This study presents results from an investigation of 3rd grade students' discourse about how length and tension affect the sound produced by a string. These students came from a variety of language backgrounds, and all were learning English as a second language. Our results demonstrate varying levels, and uses, of experiential, imaginative, and mechanistic reasoning strategies. Using specific examples from students' discourse, we will demonstrate some of the productive aspects of working within multiple language frameworks for making sense of physics. Conjectures will be made about how to utilize physics as a context for English Language Learners to further conceptual understanding, while developing their competence in the English language.

Suarez, Enrique; Otero, Valerie

2013-01-01

19

3rd grade English language learners making sense of sound  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Despite the extensive body of research that supports scientific inquiry and argumentation as cornerstones of physics learning, these strategies continue to be virtually absent in most classrooms, especially those that involve students who are learning English as a second language. This study presents results from an investigation of 3rd grade studentsâ discourse about how length and tension affect the sound produced by a string. These students came from a variety of language backgrounds, and all were learning English as a second language. Our results demonstrate varying levels, and uses, of experiential, imaginative, and mechanistic reasoning strategies. Using specific examples from studentsâ discourse, we will demonstrate some of the productive aspects of working within multiple language frameworks for making sense of physics. Conjectures will be made about how to utilize physics as a context for English Language Learners to further conceptual understanding, while developing their competence in the English language.

Suarez, Enrique; Otero, Valerie K.

2013-07-13

20

Results from the UK 3rd generation programme: Albion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following the development of 1st Generation systems in the 1970s, thermal imaging has been in service with the UK armed forces for over 25 years and has proven itself to be a battle winning technology. More recently the wider accessibility to similar technologies within opposing forces has reduced the military advantage provided by these 1st Generation systems and a clear requirement has been identified by the UK MOD for thermal imaging sensors providing increased detection, recognition and identification (DRI) ranges together with a simplified logistical deployment burden and reduced through-life costs. In late 2005, the UK MOD initiated a programme known as "Albion" to develop high performance 3rd Generation single waveband infrared detectors to meet this requirement. At the same time, under a separate programme supporting higher risk technology, a dual waveband infrared detector was also developed. The development phase of the Albion programme has now been completed and prototype detectors are now available and have been integrated into demonstration thermal imaging cameras. The Albion programme has now progressed into the second phase, incorporating both single and dual waveband devices, focussing on low rate initial production (LRIP) and qualification of the devices for military applications. All of the detectors have been fabricated using cadmium mercury telluride material (CMT), grown by metal organic vapour phase epitaxy (MOVPE) on low cost, gallium arsenide (GaAs) substrates and bump bonded to the silicon read out circuit (ROIC). This paper discusses the design features of the 3rd Generation detectors developed in the UK together with the results obtained from the prototype devices both in the laboratory and when integrated into field deployable thermal imaging cameras.

McEwen, R. K.; Axcell, C.; Knowles, P.; Hoade, K. P.; Wilson, M.; Dennis, P. N. J.; Backhouse, P.; Gordon, N. T.

2008-10-01

21

Color: Implications in dentistry  

PubMed Central

The success of restorative dentistry is determined on the basis of functional and esthetic results. To achieve esthetics, four basic determinants are required in sequence; viz., position, contour, texture and color. The knowledge of the concept of color is essential for achieving good esthetics. This review compiles the various aspects of color, its measurements and shade matching in dentistry.

Sikri, Vimal K

2010-01-01

22

Organizing color in dentistry.  

PubMed

Although esthetic dentistry techniques have grown more sophisticated, the fabrication and control of color in dentistry can be improved. An organized and precise system is necessary to combine artistic and scientific approaches. For this, a color order system, based on Munsell's notations and spectrophotometric research on the color space of natural teeth, would provide restorations of excellent color. PMID:2447140

Miller, L

1987-12-01

23

PREFACE: 3rd International Conference on Hadron Physics (TROIA'11)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 3rd International Conference on Hadron Physics, TROIA'11 was held at Canakkale, Turkey on 22-25 August 2011. Ozyegin University, Middle East Technical University, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University and HadronPhysics2 Consortium sponsored the conference. Its aim was to bring together the experts and young scientists working on experimental and theoretical hadron physics. About 60 participants from 12 countries attended the conference. The topics covered included: Chiral Perturbation Theory QCD Sum Rules Effective Field Theory Exotic Hadrons Hadron Properties from Lattice QCD Experimental Results and Future Perspectives Hadronic Distribution Amplitudes The conference presentations were organized such that the morning sessions contained invited talks and the afternoon sessions were devoted to contributed talks and poster presentations. The speakers of the invited talks were: D Melikhov, M Nielsen, M Oka, E Oset, S Scherer, T T Takahashi and R Wanke. The conference venue was a resort hotel near Canakkale. As a social program, a guided full-day excursion to the excavation site of the ancient town of Troia and Assos was organized. We believe that this conference provided a medium for young scientists and experts in the field to effectively communicate and share ideas. We would like to express our sincere thanks to all participants for their contributions and stimulating discussions. We are also grateful to the Scientific Secretary, Kadir Utku Can, and all other members of the Organizing Committee for their patience and efforts. 13 February 2012 The Editors Güray Erkol Ay?e Küçükarslan Altu? Özpineci Conference photograph

Erkol, Güray; Küçükarslan, Ay?e; Özpineci, Altu?

2012-03-01

24

80. GENERAL VIEW TO NORTH ON 3RD AVENUE EL AT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

80. GENERAL VIEW TO NORTH ON 3RD AVENUE EL AT GUN HILL STATION. 7TH AVENUE EL EXPRESS IS VISIBLE ABOVE THE 3RD AVENUE EL WHICH JOINED ONTO THE SAME STRUCTURE AT GUN HILL ROAD. NOTE: GUN HILL ROAD IS THE NORTH TERMINUS OF THE 3RD AVENUE ELEVATED. TRAINS DID NOT CARRY PASSENGERS BEYOND THIS POINT, ALTHOUGH THE 3RD AVENUE TRACK DID EXTEND FURTHER NORTH FOR SWITCHING PURPOSES AND INTO THE YARDS. - Interborough Rapid Transit Company, Third Avenue Elevated Line, Borough of the Bronx, New York, New York County, NY

25

Sports dentistry and dental traumatology.  

PubMed

Sports dentistry had its origins in the 1980s. More recently, the Academy for Sports Dentistry joined forces with the International Association of Dental Traumatology in cosponsoring the World Congress on Sports Dentistry and Dental Traumatology. It is the intent of the present paper to introduce readers to the arena of sports dentistry, suggest future areas for collaborative research, and stimulate authors to submit high quality, scientifically based manuscripts on sports dentistry to Dental Traumatology. PMID:12427197

Ranalli, Dennis N

2002-10-01

26

Medical Services: Preventive Dentistry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This regulation provides guidance for the development and conduct of preventive dentistry programs for all authorized beneficiaries of the U.S. Army Dental Care System. It describes the Oral Health Fitness Program for active duty soldiers and other progra...

1989-01-01

27

PREFACE: 3rd International Congress on Ceramics (ICC3)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Early in 2005, the American Ceramic Society, the European Ceramic Society and the Ceramic Society of Japan announced a collaborative effort to provide leadership for the global ceramics community that would facilitate the use of ceramic and glass materials. That effort resulted in an agreement to organize a new biennial series of the International Congress on Ceramics, convened by the International Ceramic Federation (ICF). In order to share ideas and visions of the future for ceramic and glass materials, the 1st International Congress on Ceramics (ICC1) was held in Canada, 2006, under the organization of the American Ceramic Society, and the 2nd Congress (ICC2) was held in Italy, 2008, hosted by the European Ceramic Society. Organized by the Ceramic Society of Japan, the 3rd Congress (ICC3) was held in Osaka, Japan, 14-18 November 2010. Incorporating the 23rd Fall Meeting of the Ceramic Society of Japan and the 20th Iketani Conference, ICC3 was also co-organized by the Iketani Science and Technology Foundation, and was endorsed and supported by ICF, Asia-Oceania Ceramic Federation (AOCF) as well as many other organizations. Following the style of the previous two successful Congresses, the program was designed to advance ceramic and glass technologies to the next generation through discussion of the most recent advances and future perspectives, and to engage the worldwide ceramics community in a collective effort to expand the use of these materials in both conventional as well as new and exciting applications. ICC3 consisted of 22 voluntarily organized symposia in the most topical and essential themes of ceramic and glass materials, including Characterization, design and processing technologies Electro, magnetic and optical ceramics and devices Energy and environment related ceramics and systems Bio-ceramics and bio-technologies Ceramics for advanced industry and safety society Innovation in traditional ceramics It also contained the Plenary Session and the Special Symposium 'Emerging Technologies and Future Aspects for Ceramics', which discussed the issues and challenges of various ceramic technologies for sustainable development of tomorrow's human society. More than 1850 research papers including invited talks, oral presentations, and posters were presented from 56 countries (according to the Program), with nearly 2000 registered participants. This ICC3 proceedings contains papers that were submitted to ICC3 and approved for publication on line in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (MSE). The organization of ICC3 and the publication of this proceedings were made possible thanks to the tireless dedication of many people and the valuable support of numerous bodies. Special thanks should go to the financial supporters for their generous patronage. We also would like to express our sincere thanks to the symposia organizers, session chairs, presenters, exhibitors and congress attendees for their efforts and enthusiastic participation in this vibrant and cutting-edge congress. July 2011 Koichi Niihara, ICC3 President Tatsuki Ohji, ICC3 Secretariat Yoshio Sakka, ICC3 Secretariat The PDF file contains a complete list of sponsors, committee members, board members and symposia organizers.

Niihara, Koichi; Ohji, Tatsuki; Sakka, Yoshio

2011-10-01

28

Ethical advertising in dentistry.  

PubMed

Advertising in dentistry has steadily increased since the 1970s to become a leading choice of many dentists to promote their practices. The manner in which advertising progresses within the profession affects all dentists and how patients perceive dentistry as a profession. This paper presents ethical concepts that should be followed when dentists are pursuing practice promotion through advertising. It also raises questions that, hopefully, will increase attention and discussion on dental advertising. The paper concludes that ethical advertising is easily achieved by promoting patient education while not placing the dentist's self-interests ahead of the patient's. With this approach, dentistry may continue to be one of the most trusted professions. PMID:19537484

Graskemper, Joseph P

2009-01-01

29

Mucocele of the sphenoid sinus: A rare cause of reversible 3rd nerve palsy  

PubMed Central

Ophthalmoplegia due to 3rd nerve palsy is a common occurrence, and is usually a sign of diabetes mellitus or a serious intracranial disease. We report a rare case of pupil sparing 3rd nerve palsy caused by mucocele of the sphenoid sinus. The patient regained 3rd nerve functions after successful decompression of the mucocele. Early and correct diagnosis of this relatively benign condition is important to prevent permanent neurological deficits, including visual loss by optic nerve atrophy. Etiology, clinical manifestations and treatment of the sphenoid mucoceles is discussed and available literature is reviewed.

Kataria, Rashim; Gupta, Swati; Chopra, Sanjeev; Bagaria, H.; Sinha, V. D.

2012-01-01

30

Mucocele of the sphenoid sinus: A rare cause of reversible 3(rd) nerve palsy.  

PubMed

Ophthalmoplegia due to 3(rd) nerve palsy is a common occurrence, and is usually a sign of diabetes mellitus or a serious intracranial disease. We report a rare case of pupil sparing 3(rd) nerve palsy caused by mucocele of the sphenoid sinus. The patient regained 3(rd) nerve functions after successful decompression of the mucocele. Early and correct diagnosis of this relatively benign condition is important to prevent permanent neurological deficits, including visual loss by optic nerve atrophy. Etiology, clinical manifestations and treatment of the sphenoid mucoceles is discussed and available literature is reviewed. PMID:22566736

Kataria, Rashim; Gupta, Swati; Chopra, Sanjeev; Bagaria, H; Sinha, V D

2012-04-01

31

Dentistry and bioterrorism.  

PubMed

Dentistry's role in responding to bioterrorism and other catastrophic events is evolving and may involve a wide range of activities. Organized dentistry. local dental societies. and interested individuals should make local emergency response planners aware of the services the dental profession can provide and should work to integrate dental resources to strengthen the disaster response capacity of community health care systems. With effective planning, education, and training, dentists can play a significant role in responding to acts of bioterrorism or other unforeseen events. PMID:14664462

Flores, Salvador; Mills, Shannon E; Shackelford, Lee

2003-10-01

32

1. WEST SIDE AND ENTRY, FROM ACROSS 3RD STREET, LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. WEST SIDE AND ENTRY, FROM ACROSS 3RD STREET, LOOKING EAST. - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Administration Building-Dental Annex-Dispensary, Between E & F Streets, East of Third Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

33

19. MILL NO. 1, 3rd FLOOR, CEILING TRACKING WITH AIR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. MILL NO. 1, 3rd FLOOR, CEILING TRACKING WITH AIR CLEANER (BLEW DUST/LINT DOWNWARD WHILE TRAVELING ON TRACK OVER MILL MACHINERY). - Prattville Manufacturing Company, Number One, 242 South Court Street, Prattville, Autauga County, AL

34

21. 3RD STREET FROM ITS INTERSECTION WITH G STREET, LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

21. 3RD STREET FROM ITS INTERSECTION WITH G STREET, LOOKING SOUTH, WITH WEST SIDES OF WAREHOUSES 331, 332, 333, ETC. ON LEFT. - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Maritime Street at Seventh Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

35

3. Deutsche Klimatagung. Tagungsband der Vortraege und Poster. (3rd German climate congress. Lectures and posters).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This conference report comprises the lectures presented at the 3rd German Climate Conference in 1994. Subjects include storms, the diagnosis of global and regional climate, climate and vegetation, statistical climate analysis, trends of various climate pa...

F. W. Gerstengarbe

1994-01-01

36

Advanced Initiatives in Medical Simulation, 3rd Annual Conference to Create Awareness of Medical Simulation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the presentations at the 3rd Annual Advanced Initiatives in Medical Simulation Conference. The conference title was 'Simulation in Health Care: A Model for Improving Patient Safety and Ensuring Quality.' The presentations were as fo...

J. Eder-Van Hook

2006-01-01

37

19. OFFSHORE VIEW OF 3RD TEE, LOOKING NORTHWEST, SHOWING SOUTHEAST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. OFFSHORE VIEW OF 3RD TEE, LOOKING NORTHWEST, SHOWING SOUTHEAST SIDE OF TACKLE BOX IN FOREGROUND - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

38

15. OFFSHORE VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING EASTNORTHEAST, 3RD TEE, SHOWING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. OFFSHORE VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING EAST-NORTHEAST, 3RD TEE, SHOWING RESTROOMS IN FOREGROUND WITH PUMPHOUSE AND TACKLE BOX BEHIND - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

39

Orthodontically Assisted Restorative Dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

As treatment expectations of dental patients continue to escalate we, as restorative dentists, must provide an inter- disciplinary treatment approach to ensure optimum results for our patients. In recent years the disciplines of perio- dontics, endodontics and oral surgery have continued to develop closer working relationships with the field of restorative dentistry. Unfortunately, this is not the common relationship that

Donald F. Reikie

2001-01-01

40

Magnets in prosthetic dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Magnetic retention is a popular method of attaching removable prostheses to either retained roots or osseointegrated implants. This review chronicles the development of magnets in dentistry and summarizes future research in their use. The literature was researched by using the Science Citation Index and Compendex Web from 1981 to 2000. Articles published before 1981 were hand researched from citations in

Melissa Alessandra Riley; Anthony Damien Walmsley; Ivor Rex Harris

2001-01-01

41

Evidence-based dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

We live in an age of information, innovation and change. Clinical decision making based on good quality evidence should lead to more effective and efficient treatments. Each practitioner has a role in assesing this information. This paper outlines this role, together with the advantages and problems of introducing an evidence-based approach to dentistry.

D Richards; A Lawrence

1998-01-01

42

General anaesthesia for dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although general anaesthesia is used to reduce the pain and anxiety associated with dental treatment, most dental procedures can be managed with good local anaesthesia, with or without conscious sedation. Since the 1960s there has been a progressive fall in the use of general anaesthesia for dentistry and in the mortality associated with it. However, between 1996 and 1999, eight

Patricia J Flynn; Leo Strunin

2005-01-01

43

Survey of K-3rd-Grade Teachers' Knowledge of Ear Infections and Willingness to Participate in Prevention Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Ear infections are prevalent in kindergarten through 3rd-grade (K-3rd) children and can affect their performance at school. Chewing gum, when administered by parents and teachers, can help prevent ear infections in children. This pilot study surveyed K-3rd-grade teachers in the Santa Barbara School Districts to assess their knowledge…

Danhauer, Jeffrey L.; Johnson, Carole E.; Caudle, Abby T.

2011-01-01

44

PREFACE: 3rd International Symposium on Functional Materials 2009 (ISFM 2009) 3rd International Symposium on Functional Materials 2009 (ISFM 2009)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 3rd International Symposium on Functional Materials 2009 (ISFM 2009) and its preconference, Advances in Functional Materials 2009 (AFM 2009), were successfully held in the Republic of Korea from 15-18 June 2009 and in the People's Republic of China from 8-12 June 2009, respectively. The two conferences attracted over 300 oral and poster presentations from over 12 countries including Australia,

Kim Kiwon; Lu Li; Nam Taehyun; Ahn Jouhyeon

2010-01-01

45

Test Review: D. Wechsler "Wechsler Individual Achievement Test" (3rd ed.). San Antonio, Texas--Pearson, 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews "Wechsler Individual Achievement Test-Third Edition" (WIAT-III), which is designed to assess students' skills in listening, speaking, reading, writing, and mathematics. The test can identify an individual's strengths and weaknesses, assist professionals who are determining whether a student is eligible for special educational…

Vaughan-Jensen, Jessica; Adame, Cindy; McLean, Lauren; Gamez, Brenda

2011-01-01

46

Curriculum Guidelines for Operative Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The American Association of Dental Schools' guidelines for operative dentistry curricula include an overview of the scope and objectives of operative dentistry, notes on the interrelationship of the discipline and the total curriculum, and an outline of primary educational goals, core content, specific behavioral objectives, sequencing, faculty,…

Journal of Dental Education, 1984

1984-01-01

47

16. 3RD FLOOR, J.M. LEHMANN CO. FIVEROLL TOILET SOAP MILL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. 3RD FLOOR, J.M. LEHMANN CO. FIVE-ROLL TOILET SOAP MILL INSTALLED 1950, TO WEST; BUCKET CONVEYOR AT RIGHT MOVED WASTE FROM 2ND FLOOR SOAP PRESSES TO 5TH FLOOR RE-MANUFACTURE - Colgate & Company Jersey City Plant, Building No. B-14, 54-58 Grand Street, Jersey City, Hudson County, NJ

48

Prediction of High School Dropout or Graduation from 3rd Grade Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measures of background characteristics, school performance, and tested achievement were analyzed for four race-by-sex samples of 3rd graders who were known to have later become high school dropouts or graduates. Results showed that as early as five to eight years before leaving school, dropouts differed significantly from graduates in age, tested…

Lloyd, Dee Norman; Bleach, Gail

49

19. NORTH MARGINAL WHARF, FROM 3RD STREET, LOOKING WEST. BERTH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. NORTH MARGINAL WHARF, FROM 3RD STREET, LOOKING WEST. BERTH C IN FOREGROUND, BUILDING 223 AT RIGHT, AND SAN FRANCISCO BAY BRIDGE AND YERBA BUENA ISLAND ON HORIZON. - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Maritime Street at Seventh Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

50

Parents in Partnership for Proficiency: For 3rd & 4th Graders and Their Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains a series of learning materials for 3rd and 4th graders and their families. The materials are designed to augment classroom learning. Included are worksheets, games, and other skill building activities for writing, reading, math, citizenship, and science. These activities are meant to help children prepare for proficiency…

Neiner, Christine; And Others

51

Linking Learning: The PreK-3rd Path to School Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Giving children high-quality preschool is the first step in the journey to school success. The next steps--kindergarten through 3rd grade--are equally important. Advocates for Children of New Jersey (ACNJ) is working on several fronts to help school districts across the state build strong early learning programs, which can significantly improve…

Advocates for Children of New Jersey, 2010

2010-01-01

52

Realization of mobile augmented reality based personal navigation services in 3rd generation cellular networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We discuss augmented reality and its applicability in mobile environments. We introduce possible positioning technologies for future mobile augmented reality terminals and evaluate their suitability in 3rd generation cellular networks. We select a cellular system based approach and present one solution for the creation of future mobile augmented reality systems. As an example application, we present a personal navigation system,

Tuukka Turunen; Teemu Lankila; Tino Pyssysalo; Juha Roning

2000-01-01

53

Diamonds for 3rd and 4th Generation X-ray Sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 3rd and 4th generation X-ray sources are characterised by their high brilliance. This may induce high heat loads and high local power densities on the beamline optical elements such as monochromators, filters, phase plates, beam splitters, lenses, vacuum windows and on beam position monitors. Optical components are often made of silicon (available in large dimensions, grown with high crystal

P. Van Vaerenbergh; M. Mattenet; J. Härtwig; J. Hoszowska; T. Mairs; J. Morse; S. H. Connell; M. Rebak; D. Dube; L. Mkhonza; R. Setshedi; R. C. Burns; J. O. Hansen; H. P. Godfried; Theta Johannesburg

54

Using Food as a Tool to Teach Science to 3rd Grade Students in Appalachian Ohio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Food, Math, and Science Teaching Enhancement Resource (FoodMASTER) Initiative is a compilation of programs aimed at using food as a tool to teach mathematics and science. In 2007 to 2008, a foods curriculum developed by professionals in nutrition and education was implemented in 10 3rd-grade classrooms in Appalachian Ohio; teachers in these…

Duffrin, Melani W.; Hovland, Jana; Carraway-Stage, Virginia; McLeod, Sara; Duffrin, Christopher; Phillips, Sharon; Rivera, David; Saum, Diana; Johanson, George; Graham, Annette; Lee, Tammy; Bosse, Michael; Berryman, Darlene

2010-01-01

55

Patient protection at risk in IEC 60601-1 3rd edition.  

PubMed

Engineers developing medical electrical equipment in accordance with IEC 60601-1 3rd edition are in immediate need of short- and long-term solutions to avoid potentially hazardous designs as a result of misinterpretation of the requirements. Several options are described to ensure consistency and safety of devices. PMID:19852179

Dybdahl, K

2009-09-01

56

Macroscale and Microscale Organic Experiments, 3rd Edition (by Kenneth L. Williamson)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The third edition of Williamson's Macroscale and Microscale Organic Experiments is welcome. Williamson's lab texts trace their lineage back not only through earlier editions, but, via a multi-edition conventional-scale text (Fieser and Williamson), to Louis Fieser's 1935 lab text. All these books are characterized by well-honed, reliable experiments and innovations such as the use of high-boiling solvents to accelerate reactions and an interesting sequence of transformations based on derivatives of 1,2-diphenylethane. Another connective thread, familiar to many, is the construction and use of simple homemade devices for a variety of laboratory purposes. Williamson himself is a pioneer in the change from macroscale chemistry in the student lab to the microscale approach. His text is written to use a set of glassware designed by him. At San Francisco State University we have used this glassware since the appearance of his first microscale book. Other instructors prefer microscale glassware with ground glass joints, but we find Williamson's kit to be entirely adequate for the undergraduate lab. Moreover, it is the least expensive type available, does not break easily, and is unattractive to graduate research students, hence does not "disappear". Other innovations appearing in earlier editions include sharp attention (all of Chapter 2) to safety, and the integration of waste disposal methods into the lab experiments themselves. By having students convert waste products into less harmful and less bulky materials in the lab, the enormous costs of disposal can be reduced without postlab treatment, a step not permitted except by a licensed waste-treatment facility. Williamson is also the first or one of the first to place computational chemistry into an introductory organic lab text. In this new edition, (optional) molecular mechanics calculations remain the workhorse method. These are now used in conjunction with 20 experiments, and are supplemented in some cases by suggested semiempirical computations. Other new texts, for example that by Pavia et al. (3rd ed., 1999), take computation even further. New features in the third edition include reduction of the macroscale experimental quantities to amounts compatible with 14/20 standard-taper glassware. Additionally, there are some useful and characteristically clever equipment adaptations for microfiltration and gas phase IR spectra, a few new or updated experiments, replacement of all IR spectra by Fourier transform spectra, and routine use of 250-MHz 1H NMR spectra. Two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy is briefly discussed but not further encountered. One new feature which looks promising is called "Surfing the Web". Pertinent Web site addresses dot the book, but it would be useful if these were indexed as a group. The brief but up-to-date chapter on searching the literature includes addresses and some advice on accessing commercial databases. Regarding the lab course itself, two useful addresses are http://ull.chemistry.uakron.edu/organic_lab/ and Williamson's own site (under construction as I write), http://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/kwilliam/microscale.shtml, where pictures of techniques and other support information will interest teachers and students alike. Williamson has always been responsive to users of his texts, and will probably be quick to incorporate new information and improved techniques at this site. There are a few areas where improvement can still be made. The chapter on IR spectroscopy, although revised, does not contain an extensive, conventional table of characteristic group frequencies. All our instructors supplement the text with standard tables. We also find the section on organic qualitative analysis to be limited and mildly difficult to use. Students must do a lot of page turning, back and forth, to find some of the tests and recipes needed. At SFSU more than half of our second-semester lab is given over to organic qual, and no single lab text except that of Pasto, Johnson, and Miller seems adequate for this purpose. These cautions aside,

Keeffe, Reviewed By James

1999-11-01

57

Nanorobots: Future in dentistry  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this paper is to review the phenomenon of nanotechnology as it might apply to dentistry as a new field called nanodentistry. Treatment possibilities might include the application of nanotechnology to local anesthesia, dentition renaturalization, the permanent cure for hypersensitivity, complete orthodontic realignment in a single visit, covalently bonded diamondized enamel, and continuous oral health maintenance using mechanical dentifrobots. Dental nanorobots could be constructed to destroy caries-causing bacteria or to repair tooth blemishes where decay has set in, by using a computer to direct these tiny workers in their tasks. Dental nanorobots might be programed to use specific motility mechanisms to crawl or swim through human tissue with navigational precision, to acquire energy, to sense and manipulate their surroundings, to achieve safe cytopenetration, and to use any of a multitude of techniques to monitor, interrupt, or alter nerve-impulse traffic in individual nerve cells in real time.

Shetty, Neetha J.; Swati, P.; David, K.

2013-01-01

58

Management Innovation and Library Services: The 3rd Shanghai International Library Forum, August 17-19, 2006, Shanghai, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To describe the international conference and promote conference proceedings. Findings – Taking advantage of the 2006 IFLA Meeting in Seoul immediately after, this 3rd Shanghai International Library Forum drawing a large number of international participants was deemed a great success. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Describes the 3rd Shanghai International Library Foum. Originality\\/value – Gives an interview of the conference.

Ian Johnson

2006-01-01

59

American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry  

MedlinePLUS

... American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry About the AAPD Mission and Vision Officers and Trustees Become a Member Membership Benefits Membership Statistics District and State Organizations Staff Directory Resource Center My AAPD Profile Using the AAPD Logo Dental Health Resources Corporate ...

60

Preventive Dentistry Program for Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Instruction reissues Department of Defense (DoD) Instruction 6230.3, August 1, 1967, to update policy, procedures, and responsibilities for establishing and operating preventive dentistry and education services for children.

T. McDavid

1984-01-01

61

The legal business of dentistry.  

PubMed

Upon graduation and licensure, most dentists anticipate going into the profession of providing dental heath care to patients in an office or clinic setting. The profession is also the business of dentistry. Failure to appreciate documentation requirements for the business of dentistry can result in legal battles that are time-consuming and emotionally draining. This article provides an introduction, issue spotting, and tips to avoid those legal battles. PMID:19810643

Barrabee, Steve; Kowalski, Michael

2009-09-01

62

3rd Workshop on Semantic Ambient Media Experience (SAME) - In Conjunction with AmI-2010  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The SAME workshop takes place for the 3rd time in 2010, and it's theme in this year was creating the business value-creation, vision, media theories and technology for ambient media. SAME differs from other workshops due to its interactive and creative touch and going beyond simple powerpoint presentations. Several results will be published by AMEA - the AMbient Media Association (www.ambientmediaassociation.org.

Lugmayr, Artur; Stockleben, Bjoern; Kaario, Juha; Pogorelc, Bogdan; Risse, Thomas

63

Time use of Hellene 3rd and 4th graders during a school day  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the time diaries of 164 Hellene 3rd and 4th graders interviewed in their homes in March 2007, individual differences in time-use patterns were investigated. The participants rested for 9 hours 10 minutes, and spent 57.0%, 21.7%, and 5.0% of their waking time on school-related activities (attending school, learning languages, doing homework), leisure activities (such as playing and

Georgios Vleioras

2010-01-01

64

Using Photographs to Probe Students' Understanding of Physical Concepts: The Case of Newton's 3rd Law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The starting point of the present research is the following question: since we live in an age that makes increasing use of visual representations of all sorts, is not the visual representation a learner constructs a window into his/her understanding of what is or is not being learned? Following this direction of inquiry, the present preliminary study introduces and evaluates a novel technique for pinpointing learners’ misconceptions, namely, one that has learners create and interpret their own photographs (CIP). 27 high-school students and 26 pre-service teacher trainees were asked to assume the role of textbook designers and create a display—photograph plus attached verbal explanation—which, in their opinion, best depicted Newton’s 3rd law. Subsequent analysis of the participants’ photographs yielded the following six misconception categories: 3rd law not depicted; 3rd law depicts a sequence of events; tendency to introduce irrelevant entities in explanations; the word ‘reaction’ used colloquially; tendency to restrict the application of the third law to dynamic situations; and informal explanations in which the word “force” is absent. The findings indicate that, indeed, the CIP method can be effectively employed to elicit, detect, and investigate learners’ misconceptions. The CIP method joins the growing efforts to utilize the yet relatively untapped potential of visual tools for science education purposes.

Eshach, Haim

2010-08-01

65

Evidence-based dentistry.  

PubMed

Both panegyric and criticism of evidence-based dentistry tend to be clumsy because the concept is poorly defined. This analysis identifies several contributions to the profession that have been made under the EBD banner. Although the concept of clinicians integrating clinical epidemiology, the wisdom of their practices, and patients' values is powerful, its implementation has been distorted by a too heavy emphasis of computerized searches for research findings that meet the standards of academics. Although EBD advocates enjoy sharing anecdotal accounts of mistakes others have made, faulting others is not proof that one's own position is correct. There is no systematic, high-quality evidence that EBD is effective. The metaphor of a three-legged stool (evidence, experience, values, and integration) is used as an organizing principle. "Best evidence" has become a preoccupation among EBD enthusiasts. That overlong but thinly developed leg of the stool is critiqued from the perspectives of the criteria for evidence, the difference between internal and external validity, the relationship between evidence and decision making, the ambiguous meaning of "best," and the role of reasonable doubt. The strongest leg of the stool is clinical experience. Although bias exists in all observations (including searches for evidence), there are simple procedures that can be employed in practice to increase useful and objective evidence there, and there are dangers in delegating policy regarding allowable treatments to external groups. Patient and practitioner values are the shortest leg of the stool. As they are so little recognized, their integration in EBD is problematic and ethical tensions exist where paternalism privileges science over patient's self-determined best interests. Four potential approaches to integration are suggested, recognizing that there is virtually no literature on how the "seat" of the three-legged stool works or should work. It is likely that most dentists choose to wait for collective professional standards to reveal acceptable practice or follow a strategy of punctuated equilibrium, only switching out established practice habits when very conspicuous advantages are identified. Integration in medicine appears to follow the statistically sophisticated practice of updating estimates of clinical parameters (probabilities) for diagnoses, treatments, prognoses, and side-effects. This approach is likely beyond the skill or interest of clinical dentists and it fails to incorporate values in the integration. The use of decision trees to integrate both research and experiential parameters and values is illustrated and it is shown that such a technique identifies why there are very few cases in dentistry where evidence needs to be consulted and indicates what such cases are. PMID:21485345

Chambers, David W

2010-01-01

66

Herbs in dentistry.  

PubMed

Herbs have been used for centuries to prevent and control disease. Herbal extracts are effective because they interact with specific chemical receptors within the body and are in a pharmacodynamic sense, drugs themselves. By using herbal medicines, patients have averted the many side effects that generally come with traditional medicines, but this does not mean that side effects do not occur. Only knowledgeable practitioners can prescribe the right herb and its proper dosage. Herbal medicines had been considered in every culture, however, pharmaceutical companies overturned this type of thinking. Now, pharmaceuticals are called traditional and herbs are libeled as the 'alternative'. The biggest challenge and problem is lack of information about the effect of herbs in oral tissues, mechanism of effect, and side effects. Several popular conventional drugs on the market are derived from herbs. These include aspirin (from white willow bark), digitalis (from foxglove), and sudafed (modelled after a component in the plant ephedra). Herbal products can vary in their potency. Therefore, care must be taken in selecting herbs, even so, herbal medicines have dramatically fewer side effects and are safer to use than conventional medications. The herbs described in this article are Bloodroot, Caraway, Chamomile, Echinacea, Myrrh, Peppermint, Rosemary, Sage, Thyme, Aloe Vera, Propolis, and a summary of other herbs that are useful in dentistry. Herbs may be good alternatives to current treatments for oral health problems but it is clear that we need more research. PMID:22117784

Taheri, Jamile B; Azimi, Somayyeh; Rafieian, Nasrin; Zanjani, Hosein Akhavan

2011-11-03

67

The nano era in dentistry.  

PubMed

Nanotechnology is a new transnational and transcultural development that is growing rapidly and pervasively. The potential impact of novel Nanodentistry Applications in disease diagnosis, therapy and prevention is foreseen to change oral health care in a fundamental way. This review presents a general overview of the novel nanomaterial and relevant advances of nanotechnology, focusing on promising dental applications. In particular, relevant applications are reported in Restorative dentistry, minimally invasive dental procedures, cancer diagnosis and treatment, molecular imaging and implant dentistry. Many applications are still in their infancy. An increasing number of products are currently under clinical investigation while some are commercially available. PMID:23633833

Mantri, Sneha S; Mantri, Shivkumar P

2013-01-01

68

3rd Circuit hints it may reconsider McNemar reasoning.  

PubMed

The McNemar v. The Disney Store ruling is under criticism and the 3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals may reconsider its 1996 decision to not allow employees who receive disability benefits to sue under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). A panel of 3rd Circuit judges, working on Krouse v. American Sterilizer Co., asserts that the McNemar decision should not be used to assume that an individual's ADA claims are barred because of prior representations of disability. Krouse is suing American Sterilizer under the retaliation provisions of the ADA. Other courts are criticizing the McNemar decision, including the District of Columbia Court in Swanks v. Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. The Swanks court assets that a statement made in the context of a disability application does not preclude an ADA claim brought by a worker for illegal discrimination because the ADA and the Social Security Act differ in their statutory intent. AIDS advocates state that the McNemar decision places a plaintiff in the position of having to choose between asserting a legal right or maintaining an income. Alan Epstein, who represented McNemar, is pleased by the criticism but explains that McNemar, who died this summer, will not be vindicated. PMID:11364763

1997-10-17

69

Using food as a tool to teach science to 3rd grade students in Appalachian Ohio  

PubMed Central

The Food, Math, and Science Teaching Enhancement Resource (FoodMASTER) Initiative is a compilation of programs aimed at using food as a tool to teach mathematics and science. In 2007–2008, a foods curriculum developed by professionals in nutrition and education was implemented in 10 3rd-grade classrooms in Appalachian Ohio; teachers in these classrooms implemented 45 hands-on foods activities that covered 10 food topics. Subjects included measurement; food safety; vegetables; fruits; milk and cheese; meat, poultry, and fish; eggs; fats; grains; and meal management. Students in four other classrooms served as the control group. Mainstream 3rd-grade students were targeted because of their receptiveness to the subject matter, science standards for upper elementary grades, and testing that the students would undergo in 4th grade. Teachers and students alike reported that the hands-on FoodMASTER curriculum experience was worthwhile and enjoyable. Our initial classroom observation indicated that the majority of students, girls and boys included, were very excited about the activities, became increasingly interested in the subject matter of food, and were able to conduct scientific observations.

Duffrin, Melani W.; Hovland, Jana; Carraway-Stage, Virginia; McLeod, Sara; Duffrin, Christopher; Phillips, Sharon; Rivera, David; Saum, Diana; Johanson, George; Graham, Annette; Lee, Tammy; Bosse, Michael; Berryman, Darlene

2010-01-01

70

The Future of Clinical Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discussion of the future of clinical dentistry looks at a variety of influences, including historical development factors; demographic trends; the role of the Human Genome Project in the development of scientific knowledge; a paradigm shift in approaches to oral infection and systemic disease; advancing technology; and reforms resulting from…

Slavkin, Harold C.

1998-01-01

71

The Future of Clinical Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the future of clinical dentistry looks at a variety of influences, including historical development factors; demographic trends; the role of the Human Genome Project in the development of scientific knowledge; a paradigm shift in approaches to oral infection and systemic disease; advancing technology; and reforms resulting from these…

Slavkin, Harold C.

1998-01-01

72

Dentistry and Dental Hygiene Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A reference guide to laws, rules, and regulations that govern dentistry and dental hygiene practice in New York State is presented. In addition to identifying licensing requirements/procedures for dentists and dental hygienists, general provisions of Title VIII of the Education Law are covered, along with state management, professional misconduct,…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of the Professions.

73

Dentistry and Dental Hygiene Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The handbook contains laws, rules, and regulations of the New York State Education Department that govern dentistry and dental hygiene practice in the state. It describes licensure requirements and includes complete application forms and instructions for obtaining license and first registration as a dentist and dental hygienist. Applicants are…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of the Professions.

74

Visualisation and Reconstruction in Dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visualisation in the field of dentistry has not, thus far, reached the same development as other medical fields. Potential applications of visualisation techniques in this area, however, are many, ranging from educational displays to training for delicate procedures. This paper reports on the investigation of techniques for handling 3D models of teeth, aiming at the investigation of dental structures. An

Milton H. Shimabukuro; Rosane Minghim; P. R. D. B. Licciardi

1998-01-01

75

Malaria and Fetal Growth Alterations in the 3rd Trimester of Pregnancy: A Longitudinal Ultrasound Study  

PubMed Central

Background Pregnancy associated malaria is associated with decreased birth weight, but in-utero evaluation of fetal growth alterations is rarely performed. The objective of this study was to investigate malaria induced changes in fetal growth during the 3rd trimester using trans-abdominal ultrasound. Methods An observational study of 876 pregnant women (398 primi- and secundigravidae and 478 multigravidae) was conducted in Tanzania. Fetal growth was monitored with ultrasound and screening for malaria was performed regularly. Birth weight and fetal weight were converted to z-scores, and fetal growth evaluated as fetal weight gain from the 26th week of pregnancy. Results Malaria infection only affected birth weight and fetal growth among primi- and secundigravid women. Forty-eight of the 398 primi- and secundigravid women had malaria during pregnancy causing a reduction in the newborns z-score of ?0.50 (95% CI: ?0.86, ?0.13, P?=?0.008, multiple linear regression). Fifty-eight percent (28/48) of the primi- and secundigravidae had malaria in the first half of pregnancy, but an effect on fetal growth was observed in the 3rd trimester with an OR of 4.89 for the fetal growth rate belonging to the lowest 25% in the population (95%CI: 2.03–11.79, P<0.001, multiple logistic regression). At an individual level, among the primi- and secundigravidae, 27% experienced alterations of fetal growth immediately after exposure but only for a short interval, 27% only late in pregnancy, 16.2% persistently from exposure until the end of pregnancy, and 29.7% had no alterations of fetal growth. Conclusions The effect of malaria infections was observed during the 3rd trimester, despite infections occurring much earlier in pregnancy, and different mechanisms might operate leading to different patterns of growth alterations. This study highlights the need for protection against malaria throughout pregnancy and the recognition that observed changes in fetal growth might be a consequence of an infection much earlier in pregnancy.

Schmiegelow, Christentze; Minja, Daniel; Oesterholt, Mayke; Pehrson, Caroline; Suhrs, Hannah Elena; Bostrom, Stephanie; Lemnge, Martha; Magistrado, Pamela; Rasch, Vibeke; Nielsen, Birgitte Bruun; Lusingu, John; Theander, Thor G.

2013-01-01

76

Highlights from the 3rd Breast-Gynecological International Cancer Conference 2011.  

PubMed

The 3rd Breast-Gynecological International Cancer Conference, supported by the European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO), was held in Cairo (Egypt) on 13-14 January 2011. The meeting was conducted under the patronage of Egypt's Ministry of Health, with the scientific committee led by Heba El Zawahry from the National Cancer Institute (Cairo, Egypt), and Yasser Abdel Kader from Cairo University (Cairo, Egypt). Several important updates and multifaceted issues in the management of various breast and gynecological cancers were addressed in this conference. Leading physicians and scientists from 12 different countries shared their expertise and views. This meeting was a good opportunity to meet fellow professionals from all parts of the world and discuss complex and interesting case studies. In this article, we highlight pertinent sessions and important topics discussed in this meeting. PMID:21554044

Mathew, Jacob; Vishnu, Prakash; Perez, Edith A

2011-05-01

77

The 3rd international conference on solar energy storage and applied photochemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This technical report contains abstracts that are presented on the 3rd international conference on solar storage and applied photochemistry. Technological areas discussed include: The rapid deterioration of anthracene laser dyes in chlorinated organic solvents; Photolysis of polyaromatic ethers and thioethers with pendant cyclopentadienyl iron moieties; Photochemical reaction of 4-nitrobenzylidene malononitriles with hydrogen donors; Homogeneous photoinitiated graft copolymerization of 4- vinyl pyridine onto ethyl cellulose; Charge transfer interactions and efficiencies of sensitized singlet oxygen production from substituted biphenyls; Singlet-singlet energy transfer between coumarin 4-water Exciplex and coumarin 314 in aqueous and micellar media; On the photogeneration of pyridlycarbenes; environmental degradation of pesticides under the influence of light; Analytical determination of iron (III): fluorescence quenching technique; Photochemical reactions of dibenzalacetone; The role of inorganic complexes in energy conversion; and Energy transfer from 2,5-distyryl pyrazine(DSP) and 2,5-bis 2(2-naphthyl) vinyl pyrazine(B2NVP) to R6G.

1995-01-01

78

[Present status and future prospect of 3rd rescue regimen for H. pylori infection].  

PubMed

The standard strategy for H. pylori infection in Japan consists of the triple PPI/AMPC/CAM therapy as the first line therapy and the triple PPI/AMPC/MNZ therapy as the second line therapy. 2 or 3% of patients cannot achieve eradication of H. pylori with the above two regimens. Most of them are infected with CAM resistant strains of H. pylori and have the rapid metabolizer genotype of CYP2C19. There are two major third line therapies. One is the dual therapy with high doses (qid dosing) of PPI and AMPC. The other is fluoroquinolone-based therapy. Especially, sitafloxacin, one of the fluoroquinolones, has the lower MIC for H. pylori in comparison with other fluoroquinolones, such as LVFX. Both therapies are expected to achieve the high eradication rate as the 3rd line therapy. PMID:19999116

Furuta, Takahisa

2009-12-01

79

Food: The Chemistry of Its Components, 3rd Edition (by T. P. Coultate)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Food: The Chemistry of Its Components, 3rd edition, by T. P. Coultate, is an excellent textbook in food chemistry for undergraduates. It is a concise version of the very detailed Food Chemistry by Fennema and similar to, but with advantages over, Mechanism and Theory in Food Chemistry by Wong and Principles of Food Chemistry by Deman. The book assumes knowledge of biochemistry and basic principles in organic chemistry, but presents very practical examples that allow the student to see the obvious link between theory and practice. The examples are described almost as if the author is performing a demonstration in a classvery vivid to the imagination. This is important because students are expected in the future to perform and put into practice their knowledge of food chemistry.

Carandang, Rachelle; Ziegler, Greg

1998-02-01

80

PREFACE: 3rd International Symposium on Functional Materials 2009 (ISFM 2009) 3rd International Symposium on Functional Materials 2009 (ISFM 2009)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 3rd International Symposium on Functional Materials 2009 (ISFM 2009) and its preconference, Advances in Functional Materials 2009 (AFM 2009), were successfully held in the Republic of Korea from 15-18 June 2009 and in the People's Republic of China from 8-12 June 2009, respectively. The two conferences attracted over 300 oral and poster presentations from over 12 countries including Australia, Canada, China, Germany, Japan, India, Israel, Korea, The Netherlands, Thailand, the UK and the USA. In the two conferences, eight keynote lectures were delivered by S Miyazaki, S A Akbar, D J Singh, C Suryanarayana, M~Greenblatt, H Zhang, T Sato and J Ding. This topical issue of Physica Scripta contains papers presented at the ISFM 2009 and AFM 2009. Keyan Li from Dalian University, People's Republic of China, presents some empirical formulae to estimate the elastic moduli of rocksalt-, zincblende- and chalcopyrite-structured crystals, on the basis of electronegativities of bonded atoms in the crystallographic frame. Min-Jung Kim from Hanyang University, Korea, reports on the preparation and characterization of carboxyl functionalization of magnetite nanoparticles for oligonucleotide immobilization. F Yan from the National University of Singapore studies the fabrication of Bi(Fe0.5Sc0.5)O3-PbTiO3 (BSF-PT) thin films by pulsed laser deposition, and the enhanced magnetic moment with respect to BiFeO3-PbTiO3. Dong-Gil Lee from Pusan National University, Korea, reports on the sterilization of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli using nanofiber TiO2 films prepared by the electrostatic spray method. Sang-Eun Park from the Korea Institute of Science and Technology reports on the study of encapsulated Fe3O4 nanoparticles with a silica thin layer with a reversible capacity of about 363 mAhg-1. Other researchers report on many other exiting achievements in the fields of ferromagnetic materials, magneto-optical materials, thermoelectric materials, shape memory materials, fuel-cell and battery materials, and other related advanced functional materials. The 4th International Symposium on Functional Materials 2011 (ISFM 2011) will be held in Sendai, Japan, from 2-6 August 2011 just before the Sendai Tanabata Festival. Its preconference (AFM 2011) will be held at Jeju Island, Korea, just before ISFM 2011. We look forward to meeting you in Jeju and Sendai.

Kiwon, Kim; Li, Lu; Taehyun, Nam; Jouhyeon, Ahn

2010-05-01

81

New half-film method for measuring Al2O3 film MTF of 3rd generation image intensifier  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 3rd generation image intensifier, Al2O3 film on the input of MCP is a serious influence factor on device MTF due to its electron scattering process. There are no reportes about how to measure the MTF of Al2O3 film. In this paper a new Half-film comparssion test method is creatively established for determing the film MTF, which overcomes the difficulty of measuring super thin film less than a few nm. In this way, the MTF curves of 10nm Al2O3 film can be accurately obtained. The measurement results show that 10nm Al2O3 film obviously decay the MTF performance of the 3rd generation image intensifier and take an important role in the improvement work of 3rd generation image intensifier MTF and resolution performances.

Cheng, Yaojin; Shi, Feng; Bai, Xiaofeng; Zhu, Yufeng; Yan, Lei; Liu, Feng; Li, Min

2012-10-01

82

[Dentistry supports eating function in the aged].  

PubMed

As demographic aging continues even today, geriatric dentistry responsive to the times must be established. The greatest concern of elderly individuals is health, and as dentists, we care for the oral cavity as the gateway to the digestive organs. Stated briefly then, I believe that our primary role as dental health care providers in an elderly society is to maintain and promote health by preventing a decline in eating function. Dentistry up to the present has pursued responses to disease. But in an elderly society, a decline in oral function accompanying aging is a problem. In other words, consistent with changes in the population structure, dentistry in the future should not end with the treatment of tooth decay, periodontal disease, or other such dental diseases; rather, it must pursue a shift to prevention of age-attendant decline in oral function and maintenance of healthy food intake and swallowing functions. Nonetheless, dentistry is gradually declining in hospitals that admit elderly individuals. While urban dental clinics are regarded as too numerous, dentistry in hospitals is disappearing, and the thought of health care settings without dentistry is sobering. I believe we must eliminate a troubling situation in which our connection to dentistry is severed at a time when we most need dentistry. This should be the first step in establishing dentistry for maintenance of eating functions. PMID:16813077

Uematsu, Hiroshi

2006-05-01

83

Albion: cost-effective 3rd generation high-performance thermal imaging in the UK  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first generation of high performance thermal imaging sensors in the UK was based on two axis opto-mechanical scanning systems and small (4-16 element) arrays of the SPRITE detector, developed during the 1970s. Almost two decades later, a 2nd Generation system, STAIRS C was introduced, based on single axis scanning and a long linear array of approximately 3000 elements. This paper addresses the development of the UK's 3rd Generation High Performance Thermal Imaging sensor systems, under a programme known as "Albion". Three new high performance detectors, manufactured in cadmium mercury telluride, operating in both MWIR and LWIR, providing high resolution and sensitivities without need for opto-mechanical scanning systems will be described. The CMT material is grown by MOVPE on low cost substrates and bump bonded to the silicon read out circuit (ROIC). All three detectors are designed to fit with existing standard Integrated Detector Cooling Assemblies (IDCAs). The two largest detectors will be integrated with field demonstrator cameras providing MWIR and LWIR solutions that can rapidly be tailored to specific military requirements. The remaining detector will be a LWIR device with a smart ROIC, facilitating integration times much longer than can typically be achieved with focal plane arrays and consequently yield very high thermal sensitivity. This device will be demonstrated in a lab based camera system.

McEwen, R. K.; Lupton, M.; Lawrence, M.; Knowles, P.; Wilson, M.; Dennis, P. N. J.; Gordon, N. T.; Lees, D. J.; Parsons, J. F.

2006-10-01

84

The International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd Edition (ICHD III) - Changes and Challenges.  

PubMed

In order to effectively study and manage headache disorders, diagnosis is essential. In both research and clinical arenas, separating secondary causes from primary headache disorders is a crucial first step, followed by further specificity within these broader categories. Historical approaches to classifying headache disorders culminated in the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD), completed and published in 1988. This was revised as the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd Edition (ICHD II) in 2004. The International Headache Society's Subcommittee on Classification began work on the 3rd edition in 2010, and has just published this online and in the journal Cephalalgia. The diagnostic criteria for more than 200 causes of headaches are based upon evidence when available, and fortunately, recent research in the field of headache medicine has produced data applicable to the refinement of classification of a number of primary and secondary headache disorders. Some areas, however, await further study, making classification more challenging. This article will attempt to provide an overview of the rationale behind the ICHD, a guide to its use, and a summary of important diagnostic features of the primary and secondary headaches, particularly where these have changed significantly in the ICHD III from ICHD II. PMID:23992464

Levin, Morris

2013-08-28

85

Exploiting stem cell therapy: the 3rd meeting of stem cell research Italy.  

PubMed

The study of stem cells is one of the most exciting areas of contemporary biomedical research. During the 3rd Joint Meeting of Stem Cell Research Italy (June 2012, Ferrara, Italy), scientists from different multidisciplinary areas explored new frontiers of basic and applied stem cell research with key lectures and oral presentations. There was a public debate on ethics during the opening ceremony, specifically on the limits and potentialities of adult and embryonic stem cells. Some scientists presented basic research data showing evolutionary aspects, which could be of interest in understanding specific biological phenomena. Others focused on "dangerous liaisons" between gene transfer vectors and the human genome. Some speakers provided insight into current stem cell therapies, such as those involving human epithelial stem cells for treatment of skin diseases. Other researchers presented data on close-to-therapy findings, such as the use of mesenchymal stem cells in brain repair. Of note, during the meeting, spotlights were focused on major issues that have to be considered for GMP stem cell production for cell therapy. In "Meet the Expert" sessions, specialists presented innovative technologies such as a next-generation sequencing system. Finally, the meeting provided an excellent opportunity for young scientists to show their findings, and to discuss with each other and with internationally recognized experts. PMID:22927167

Di Bernardo, Giovanni; Piva, Roberta; Giordano, Antonio; Galderisi, Umberto

2013-04-01

86

Geysers Characteristics before and after Landslide of June 3-rd, 2007 (Geysers Valley, Kamchatka, Russia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 1990 cycling characteristics of five geysers (Maly, Bolshoy, Shel, Velican, Troynoy) were contentiously monitoring using automatic telemetric system (V A Drosnin, http://www.ch0103.emsd.iks.ru/ ). The most powerful geyser Velikan erupted steam clouds at 300 m height. 1:20 UTC June 3-rd, 2007 lower basin of the Geysers Valley was in a few minutes buried under 10 mln m3 of mud, debris, and blocks of rocks. Some indications were found, that landslide triggered by steam eruption in the upstream area of Vodopadny creek. As a result of this three famous geysers (Pervenets, Sakharny,Troynoy) located at lower elevations were sealed under 10-30 m thick caprock as well as Vodopadny hot creek, a rock dumb trap Geysernaya river and lifted water into 20 m deep lake, which flooded three famous geysers (Conus, Bolshoy and Maly) terminating their cycling activity. Nevertheless Bolshoy and Maly activity continues in a form of discharge of water circulated in the former geysers channels and a clear plume at a lake surface above exits observed. Shortly after landslide continuous monitoring of the cycling characteristics of the upper basin geysers, including Velikan and lake level, accomplished by temperature loggers - restarted. There are some indications time periods of the geysers cycling decrease.

Droznin, V. A.; Kiryukhin, A. V.; Muraviev, J. D.

2007-12-01

87

Measurement and correction of the 3rd order resonance in the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

At Fermilab Tevatron BPM system has been recently upgraded resulting much better accuracy of beam position measurements and improvements of data acquisition for turn-by-turn measurements. That allows one to record the beam position at each turn for 8000 turns for all BPMs (118 in each plane) with accuracy of about 10-20 {micro}m. In the last decade a harmonic analysis tool has been developed at CERN that allows relating each FFT line derived from the BPM data with a particular non-linear resonance in the machine. In fact, one can even detect the longitudinal position of the sources of these resonances. Experiments have been performed at the Tevatron in which beams have been kicked to various amplitudes to analyze the 3rd order resonance. It was possible to address this rather large resonance to some regular machine sextupoles. An alternative sextupole scheme allowed the suppression of this resonance by a good factor of 2. Lastly, the experimental data are compared with model calculations.

Schmidt, F.; /CERN; Alexahin, Y.; Lebedev, V.; Still, D.; Valishev, A.; /Fermilab

2006-06-01

88

The 3^rd International Conference on Women in Physics: Global Perspectives, Common Concerns, Worldwide Views  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 3^rd International Conference on Women in Physics (ICWIP), held in Seoul, Korea, in October 2008, brought together 300 participants from 57 countries, including a diverse 22-member U.S. Delegation, for a 3-day summit of stimulating discussions, thought-provoking presentations, inspirational posters, and networking. Held under the auspices of the Working Group on Women in Physics of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP), this meeting built on the successes of the 1^st (Paris, 2002) and 2^nd (Rio de Janeiro, 2005) Conferences and further clarified the importance of diversifying the field of physics worldwide. Although considerable progress has been made since 2002, it was clear that the global scientific workforce is still under-utilizing a large percentage of the available female talent pool. If human society is to benefit to its fullest from various contributions that the field of physics can offer in addressing global issues of economic crisis, energy, environment, water, health, poverty, and hunger, women of all races and nationalities need to become fully included and engaged in the national and international physical community. To address these and many other issues, the ICWIP unanimously approved a five-part resolution to IUPAP recommending actions to promote the recruitment, retention, and advancement of women in physics and related fields.

Zastavker, Yevgeniya V.

2009-03-01

89

Iowa Acceleration Scale Manual: A Guide for Whole-Grade Acceleration K-8. (3rd Edition, Manual)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Feedback from years of nationwide use has resulted in a 3rd Edition of this unique, systematic, and objective guide to considering and implementing academic acceleration. Developed and tested by the Belin-Blank Center at the University of Iowa, the IAS ensures that acceleration decisions are systematic, thoughtful, well reasoned, and defensible.…

Assouline, Susan G.; Colangelo, Nicholas; Lupkowski-Shoplik, Ann; Forstadt, Leslie; Lipscomb, Jonathon

2009-01-01

90

Visual Arts Teaching in Kindergarten through 3rd-Grade Classrooms in the UAE: Teacher Profiles, Perceptions, and Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study portrayed a picture of kindergarten through 3rd-grade teachers who teach visual arts, their perceptions of the value of visual arts, their visual arts teaching practices, visual arts experiences provided to young learners in school, and major factors and/or influences that affect their teaching of visual arts. The sample for this study…

Buldu, Mehmet; Shaban, Mohamed S.

2010-01-01

91

Test Review: C. Keith Conners "Conners 3rd Edition" Toronto, Ontario, Canada--Multi-Health Systems, 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Conners 3rd Edition" is the most updated version of a series of measures for assessing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and common comorbid problems/disorders in children and adolescents ranging from 6 to 18 years of age. Related problems that the test helps assess include executive dysfunction, learning problems, aggression, and…

Kao, Grace S.; Thomas, Hillary M.

2010-01-01

92

Visual Arts Teaching in Kindergarten through 3rd-Grade Classrooms in the UAE: Teacher Profiles, Perceptions, and Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study portrayed a picture of kindergarten through 3rd-grade teachers who teach visual arts, their perceptions of the value of visual arts, their visual arts teaching practices, visual arts experiences provided to young learners in school, and major factors and/or influences that affect their teaching of visual arts. The sample for this study…

Buldu, Mehmet; Shaban, Mohamed S.

2010-01-01

93

Iowa Acceleration Scale Manual: A Guide for Whole-Grade Acceleration K-8. (3rd Edition, Manual)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Feedback from years of nationwide use has resulted in a 3rd Edition of this unique, systematic, and objective guide to considering and implementing academic acceleration. Developed and tested by the Belin-Blank Center at the University of Iowa, the IAS ensures that acceleration decisions are systematic, thoughtful, well reasoned, and defensible.…

Assouline, Susan G.; Colangelo, Nicholas; Lupkowski-Shoplik, Ann; Forstadt, Leslie; Lipscomb, Jonathon

2009-01-01

94

The Lived Experiences of 3rd Generation and beyond U.S.-Born Mexican Heritage College Students: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to describe the psychosocial and identity challenges of 3rd generation and beyond U.S.-born (3GAB-USB) Mexican heritage college students. Alvarez (1973) has written about the psychosocial impact "hybridity" can have on a U.S.- born (USB) Mexican individual who incorporates two distinct cultures (American and Mexican)…

Galvan, Richard

2011-01-01

95

Meurthe River Crossing Conducted by Seventh Army, VI Corps, 3rd Infantry Division: Offensive, Deliberate Attack, River Crossing, November 1944.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Powerhouse I was the name given to the crossing of the Meurthe River in the Vosges of France on November 20, 1944. The commander of VI Corps, Major General Edward H. Brooks, ordered the 3rd Infantry Division to conduct a major assault crossing of the Meur...

J. Shepard T. Casey R. Davila B. Jones J. Lockard

1984-01-01

96

Exemplary Institute. Proceedings of the Annual Conference (3rd, Albuquerque, New Mexico, February 22-24, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This proceedings contains presentations and workshop summaries from the 3rd Annual Exemplary Institute for educators of Native American students. Presentations include: "Quality in Learning: Romancing the Journey" (quality management at Mount Edgecumbe High School, Alaska) (Todd Bergman); "Creating a School-wide Literacy Climate" (Sig Boloz);…

Native American Scholarship Fund, Inc., Albuquerque, NM.

97

R.M. Goldwyn, M.N. Cohen: The Unfavorable Result in Plastic Surgery. Avoidance and Treatment. 3rd Edition  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this 3rd edition, the editors of this popular single volume textbook have compiled a vast resource on the majority of the surgical procedures encompassed by plastic surgery. The editors have attempted to capture and discuss common and uncommon surgical complications, together with their respective causes and treatments. They have drawn from their own extensive experience as well as from

M. Elahi

2003-01-01

98

Determinants of Quality in Operative Dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The definition of quality in operative dentistry has often, at least in part, been related to how well a cut preparation compares with an ideal preparation. The ideal preparation follows well-defined design principles. These design principles have their roots in empirical dentistry and scientific evaluations, the latter often being conducted in vitro. Because of the complexity of following these design

K.-J. M. Söderholm; M. J. Tyas; A. Jokstad

1998-01-01

99

General Dentistry Grant Program: 1976-1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The federal general dentistry grant program supports development of new programs and first-year positions in postdoctoral general dentistry education. Since inception, 115 institutions have participated, establishing 59 new programs (88% remain in operation) and 560 new positions (69% of which are still being filled), representing 72% and 77%,…

Duffy, Rosemary; Weaver, Richard G.; Hayes, Kathy L.

1997-01-01

100

General Dentistry Grant Program: 1976-1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal general dentistry grant program supports development of new programs and first-year positions in postdoctoral general dentistry education. Since inception, 115 institutions have participated, establishing 59 new programs (88% remain in operation) and 560 new positions (69% of which are still being filled), representing 72% and 77%,…

Duffy, Rosemary; Weaver, Richard G.; Hayes, Kathy L.

1997-01-01

101

Dental amalgam and mercury in dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mercury in dentistry has re-emerged as a contentious issue in public health, predominantly because so many people are inadvertently exposed to mercury in order to obtain the benefits of dental amalgam fillings, and the risks remain difficult to interpret. This commentary aims to examine the issues involved in public policy assessment of the continued use of dental amalgam in dentistry.

AJ Spencer

2000-01-01

102

3rd hand smoking; heterogeneous oxidation of nicotine and secondary aerosol formation in the indoor environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tobacco smoking is well known as a significant source of primary indoor air pollutants. However, only recently has it been recognized that the impact of Tobacco smoking may continue even after the cigarette has been extinguished (i.e., third hand smoke) due to the effect of indoor surfaces. These surfaces may affect the fate of tobacco smoke in the form of secondary reactions and pollutants, including secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation. Fourier Transform Infrared spectrometry with Attenuated Total Reflection (FTIR-ATR) in tandem with a Scanning Mobility Particle Sizing (SMPS) system was used to monitor the ozonation of cellulose sorbed nicotine and resulting SOA formation. SOA formation began at onset of ozone introduction ([O3] = 60 ± 5 ppb) with a size distribution of dp ? 25 nm, and was determined to be a result of heterogeneous reaction (opposed to homogeneous). SOA yield from reacted surface nicotine was on the order of 10 %. Simultaneous to SOA monitoring, FTIR-ATR spectra showed surface changes in the nicotine film as the reaction progressed, revealing a pseudo first-order surface reaction rate of 0.0026 ± 0.0008 min-1. Identified surface oxidation products included: cotinine, myosmine, methylnicotinamide and nicotyrine. Surface reaction rate was found to be partially inhibited at high relative humidity. Given the toxicity of some of the identified products (e.g., cotinine has shown potential mutagenicity and teratogenicity) and that small particles may contribute to adverse health effects, the present study indicates that exposure to 3rd hand smoke ozonation products may pose additional health risks.

Petrick, Lauren; Dubowski, Yael

2010-05-01

103

PREFACE: 3rd International Workshop on Statistical Physics and Mathematics for Complex Systems (SPMCS 2012)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 3rd International Workshop on Statistical Physics and Mathematics for Complex Systems (SPMCS2012) was held between 25-30 August at Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation. This workshop was jointly organized by Kazan Federal University and Institut Supérieur des Matériaux et Mécaniques Avancées (ISMANS), France. The series of SPMCS workshops was created in 2008 with the aim to be an interdisciplinary incubator for the worldwide exchange of innovative ideas and information about the latest results. The first workshop was held at ISMANS, Le Mans (France) in 2008, and the third at Huazhong Normal University, Wuhan (China) in 2010. At SPMCS2012, we wished to bring together a broad community of researchers from the different branches of the rapidly developing complexity science to discuss the fundamental theoretical challenges (geometry/topology, number theory, statistical physics, dynamical systems, etc) as well as experimental and applied aspects of many practical problems (condensed matter, disordered systems, financial markets, chemistry, biology, geoscience, etc). The program of SPMCS2012 was prepared based on three categories: (i) physical and mathematical studies (quantum mechanics, generalized nonequilibrium thermodynamics, nonlinear dynamics, condensed matter physics, nanoscience); (ii) natural complex systems (physical, geophysical, chemical and biological); (iii) social, economical, political agent systems and man-made complex systems. The conference attracted 64 participants from 10 countries. There were 10 invited lectures, 12 invited talks and 28 regular oral talks in the morning and afternoon sessions. The book of Abstracts is available from the conference website (http://www.ksu.ru/conf/spmcs2012/?id=3). A round table was also held, the topic of which was 'Recent and Anticipated Future Progress in Science of Complexity', discussing a variety of questions and opinions important for the understanding of the concept of complexity itself, the behaviours of complex systems as well as for the finding of new theoretical methods. The papers submitted to this volume were carefully reviewed by referees. We are very grateful to the referees for their very efficient and thoughtful actions. A few submitted papers were unfortunately not included based on the referee reports. As a result, 34 papers are included here. We are very grateful to the members of the international advisory committee for their recommendations of speakers for SPMCS2012. We also appreciate the behind-the-scenes work of the members of the local organizing committee in preparing the conference site, web page, mail correspondence, arrangements for excursions and accommodation, handling the financial support for participants, and so on. Finally, we acknowledge the support from Kazan Federal University. Sumiyoshi Abe Alain Le Méhauté Dmitrii Tayurskii

Tayurskii, Dmitrii; Abe, Sumiyoshi; Alexandre Wang, Q.

2012-11-01

104

Unethical aspects of homeopathic dentistry.  

PubMed

In the last year there has been a great deal of public debate about homeopathy, the system of alternative medicine whose main principles are that like cures like and that potency increases relative to dilution. The House of Commons Select Committee on Science and Technology concluded in November 2009 that there is no evidence base for homeopathy, and agreed with some academic commentators that homeopathy should not be funded by the NHS. While homeopathic doctors and hospitals are quite commonplace, some might be surprised to learn that there are also many homeopathic dentists practising in the UK. This paper examines the statements made by several organisations on behalf of homeopathic dentistry and suggests that they are not entirely ethical and may be in breach of various professional guidelines. PMID:21109801

Shaw, D

2010-11-27

105

Optimizing human factors in dentistry  

PubMed Central

Occupational health hazards among dental professionals are on a continuous rise and they have a significant negative overall impact on daily life. This review is intended to provide the information regarding risk factors and to highlight the prevention strategies for optimizing human factors in dentistry. Risk factors among dentists are multifactorial, which can be categorized into biomechanical and psychosocial. To achieve a realistic target of safety and health at work, prevention is clearly the best approach; therefore, musculoskeletal disorders can be reduced through proper positioning of dental worker and patient, regular rest breaks, general good health, using ergonomic equipment, and exercises designed to counteract the particular risk factors for the dental occupation. However, substantial evidences are still required to elucidate the potential risk factors and to formulate effective prevention programs.

Gupta, Arpit; Ankola, Anil V.; Hebbal, Mamata

2013-01-01

106

Optimizing human factors in dentistry.  

PubMed

Occupational health hazards among dental professionals are on a continuous rise and they have a significant negative overall impact on daily life. This review is intended to provide the information regarding risk factors and to highlight the prevention strategies for optimizing human factors in dentistry. Risk factors among dentists are multifactorial, which can be categorized into biomechanical and psychosocial. To achieve a realistic target of safety and health at work, prevention is clearly the best approach; therefore, musculoskeletal disorders can be reduced through proper positioning of dental worker and patient, regular rest breaks, general good health, using ergonomic equipment, and exercises designed to counteract the particular risk factors for the dental occupation. However, substantial evidences are still required to elucidate the potential risk factors and to formulate effective prevention programs. PMID:23946745

Gupta, Arpit; Ankola, Anil V; Hebbal, Mamata

2013-03-01

107

Normalised-power based reservation in connection admission control for mixed services in 3rd generation radio access networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Call admission control (CAC) is an essential part of radio resource management in wireless communications, where CAC algorithms are employed to provide quality of service (QoS) [3GPP, 1999] and efficient radio resource utilization in 3rd generation radio access networks (3GRAN). This paper presents a novel radio resource reservation scheme that uses the normalised-power resource metric, to guarantee minimum capacity operating

M. R. McVeigh; T. O'Farrell; P. E. Omiyi

2003-01-01

108

Tunnelling of the 3rd kind: A test of the effective non-locality of quantum field theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Integrating out virtual quantum fluctuations in an originally local quantum field theory results in an effective theory which is non-local. In this letter we argue that tunnelling of the 3rd kind —where particles traverse a barrier by splitting into a pair of virtual particles which recombine only after a finite distance— provides a direct test of this non-locality. We sketch a quantum-optical setup to test this effect, and investigate observable effects in a simple toy model.

Gardiner, Simon A.; Gies, Holger; Jaeckel, Joerg; Wallace, Chris J.

2013-03-01

109

Development of a problem?based obstetrics and gynecology curriculum for 3rd?year medical students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many medical schools have introduced problem?based learning (PBL) in the traditional “basic science”; years, but there has not been a great movement to connect PBL methodology with clinical teaching.An attempt to integrate PBL and the clinical component of a 3rd?year course was undertaken by the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Toronto. Evaluations of the preparation, introduction, process, and

Douglas Gare

1995-01-01

110

MTA applications in pediatric dentistry  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY The aim of this paper is to show and asses the clinical applications of the Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) in pediatric dentistry, either on primary teeth or on immature apex permanent teeth. We have described the primary tooth pulpotomy technique using MTA, that is characterized by a superior biocompatibility and a sealing ability that make it a more suitable compound compared to other materials in terms of result prediction on a long-term basis. We have also reported the direct capping technique using MTA on immature apex teeth; in these particular cases, MTA is undoubtedly preferable to conventional materials, especially in what its sealing characteristics concern. Furthermore, we have explained the apexogenesis clinical procedure, in which after a chamber pulpotomy on incomplete root development teeth, MTA is used in direct contact with the pulpar stump in order to save the root pulp vitality, allowing the apex and relative canal walls physiological maturation to take place. In case of necrotic teeth with immature apex, we describe the possibility of using MTA as an apical barrier making the apexification treatment faster and predictable, taking profit from its biocompatibility quality, its sealing ability and setting characteristic in humid environments. In all described applications, MTA has demonstrated to be a very versatile and extremely trustworthy material. Either literature and results obtained from the present experience, show how the use of MTA in Pediatric Dentistry, compared to commonly used materials, translates into pulp or periapical tissues being less swollen and, thus, guaranteeing a higher prediction of the therapeutic result on a short-term basis and on a long-term one.

MATURO, P.; COSTACURTA, M.; BARTOLINO, M.; DOCIMO, R.

2010-01-01

111

The effect of surgical technique on lingual nerve damage during lower 3rd molar removal by dental students.  

PubMed

We have previously shown that avoidance of lingual flap retraction with a Howarth periosteal elevator during lower 3rd molar removal, reduces the incidence of lingual nerve damage. In that study, the surgery was undertaken by qualified staff and we have now assessed the effect of revising the method taught to our junior undergraduate dental students. We evaluated the outcome of surgery undertaken by 2 consecutive years of students, each group being taught 1 of the 2 methods. A total of 200 patients requiring lower 3rd molar removal under local anaesthesia were included in the study. In year 1, the surgery included elevation of a lingual flap and insertion of a Howarth elevator adjacent to the lingual plate; in year 2 this part of the procedure was avoided by using a purely buccal approach. There were no significant differences between the levels of tooth eruption and types of impaction of the teeth removed in each year. Lingual sensory disturbance occurred in 3 patients in the 'flap' group (3.3%) and in 1 patient (0.9%) in the 'no flap' group. As this incidence is not significantly different in the 2 groups (P < 0.4), we conclude that avoidance of lingual retraction by students undertaking lower 3rd molar removal does not appear to place the lingual nerve at greater risk. In view of the results of our previous study, we therefore advocate this method for use in undergraduate dental education. PMID:10530161

Robinson, P P; Loescher, A R; Smith, K G

1999-05-01

112

Jonestown tragedy revisited: the role of dentistry.  

PubMed

The authors record the contribution of dentistry to the identification of victims of one of the most significant tragedies of the 20th century--the mass suicide of members of a religious cult, which initially resulted in 913 deaths and ultimately in 923. Though forensic dentistry played a significant part in identifying victims, the only report by members of the United States identification team did not examine dentistry's valuable role. Furthermore, the dental-investigation aspects have been mentioned merely in passing by the news media despite an infinite number of stories on the tragedy ranging from factual to expose. The dental team's organization, methodology, and significant contributions to forensic dentistry and a variety of remarkable problems that the team encountered and the lessons learned from them are documented in this paper. PMID:12064667

Brannon, Robert B; Morlang, William M

2002-01-01

113

Proceedings of the Invitational Conference on Testing Problems (3rd, New York, New York, October 28, 1950).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The conference was organized into two sessions: validation of professional aptitude batteries and criteria for the evaluation of achievement tests. Panelists and their topics were: Tests for Accounting, Arthur E. Traxler and Robert Jacobs; Tests for Law, A. Pemberton Johnson; Tests for Dentistry, Shailer Peterson; Tests for Medicine, John M.…

Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.

114

Test Review: Colarusso, R. P., & Hammill, D. D. (2003). "Motor-Free Visual Perception Test."(3rd ed.). Novata, CA: Academic Therapy Publications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Motor-Free Visual Perception Test: Third edition (MVPT-3; Colarusso & Hammill, 2003) purports to measure overall visual perceptual ability. Task responses require no motor ability, eliminating the effect of motor performance on the overall visual perception score. The test authors suggested that this MVPT-3 characteristic allows for its use…

McCane, Sara Jean

2006-01-01

115

Evidence-based Dentistry: A Clinician's Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

A B S T R A C T Evidence-based dentistry is a discipline that provides best, explicit-based evidence to dentists and their patients in shared decision-making. Currently, dentists are being trained and directed to adopt the role of translational researchers in develop- ing evidence-based dental practices. Practically, evidence-based dentistry is not usable in its current mode for the provision of

Paolo Prolo; Richard Stevenson

2006-01-01

116

FOREWORD: 3rd International Workshop on New Computational Methods for Inverse Problems (NCMIP 2013)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conference logo This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series is dedicated to the scientific contributions presented during the 3rd International Workshop on New Computational Methods for Inverse Problems, NCMIP 2013 (http://www.farman.ens-cachan.fr/NCMIP_2013.html). This workshop took place at Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, in Cachan, France, on 22 May 2013, at the initiative of Institut Farman. The prior editions of NCMIP also took place in Cachan, France, firstly within the scope of the ValueTools Conference, in May 2011 (http://www.ncmip.org/2011/), and secondly at the initiative of Institut Farman, in May 2012 (http://www.farman.ens-cachan.fr/NCMIP_2012.html). The NCMIP Workshop focused on recent advances in the resolution of inverse problems. Indeed inverse problems appear in numerous scientific areas such as geophysics, biological and medical imaging, material and structure characterization, electrical, mechanical and civil engineering, and finances. The resolution of inverse problems consists of estimating the parameters of the observed system or structure from data collected by an instrumental sensing or imaging device. Its success firstly requires the collection of relevant observation data. It also requires accurate models describing the physical interactions between the instrumental device and the observed system, as well as the intrinsic properties of the solution itself. Finally, it requires the design of robust, accurate and efficient inversion algorithms. Advanced sensor arrays and imaging devices provide high rate and high volume data; in this context, the efficient resolution of the inverse problem requires the joint development of new models and inversion methods, taking computational and implementation aspects into account. During this one-day workshop, researchers had the opportunity to bring to light and share new techniques and results in the field of inverse problems. The topics of the workshop were: algorithms and computational aspects of inversion, Bayesian estimation, kernel methods, learning methods, convex optimization, free discontinuity problems, metamodels, proper orthogonal decomposition, reduced models for the inversion, non-linear inverse scattering, image reconstruction and restoration, and applications (bio-medical imaging, non-destructive evaluation...). NCMIP 2013 was a one-day workshop held in May 2013 which attracted around 60 attendees. Each of the submitted papers has been reviewed by three reviewers. Among the accepted papers, there are seven oral presentations, five posters and one invited poster (On a deconvolution challenge presented by C Vonesch from EPFL, Switzerland). In addition, three international speakers were invited to present a longer talk. The workshop was supported by Institut Farman (ENS Cachan, CNRS) and endorsed by the following French research networks (GDR ISIS, GDR Ondes, GDR MOA, GDR MSPC). The program committee acknowledges the following research laboratories CMLA, LMT, LSV, LURPA, SATIE. Laure Blanc-Féraud and Pierre-Yves Joubert Workshop co-chair Laure Blanc-Féraud, I3S laboratory and INRIA Nice Sophia-Antipolis, France Pierre-Yves Joubert, IEF, Paris-Sud University, CNRS, France Technical program committee Gilles Aubert, J-A Dieudonné Laboratory, CNRS and University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis, France Nabil Anwer, LURPA, ENS Cachan, France Alexandre Baussard, ENSTA Bretagne, Lab-STICC, France Marc Bonnet, ENSTA, ParisTech, France Antonin Chambolle, CMAP, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, France Oliver Dorn, School of Mathematics, University of Manchester, UK Cécile Durieu, SATIE, ENS Cachan, CNRS, France Gérard Favier, I3S Laboratory, University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, France Mário Figueiredo, Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon, Portugal Laurent Fribourg, LSV, ENS Cachan, CNRS, France Marc Lambert, L2S Laboratory, CNRS, SupElec, Paris-Sud University, France Dominique Lesselier, L2S Laboratory, CNRS, SupElec, Paris-Sud University, France Matteo Pastorino, DIBE, University of Genoa, Italy Christian Rey, LMT, ENS Cachan, CNRS, France Simon Set

Blanc-Féraud, Laure; Joubert, Pierre-Yves

2013-10-01

117

PREFACE: 3rd International Workshop on Materials Analysis and Processing in Magnetic Fields (MAP3)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 3rd International Workshop on Materials Analysis and Processing in Materials Fields (MAP3) was held on 14-16 May 2008 at the University of Tokyo, Japan. The first was held in March 2004 at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory in Tallahassee, USA. Two years later the second took place in Grenoble, France. MAP3 was held at The University of Tokyo International Symposium, and jointly with MANA Workshop on Materials Processing by External Stimulation, and JSPS CORE Program of Construction of the World Center on Electromagnetic Processing of Materials. At the end of MAP3 it was decided that the next MAP4 will be held in Atlanta, USA in 2010. Processing in magnetic fields is a rapidly expanding research area with a wide range of promising applications in materials science. MAP3 focused on the magnetic field interactions involved in the study and processing of materials in all disciplines ranging from physics to chemistry and biology: Magnetic field effects on chemical, physical, and biological phenomena Magnetic field effects on electrochemical phenomena Magnetic field effects on thermodynamic phenomena Magnetic field effects on hydrodynamic phenomena Magnetic field effects on crystal growth Magnetic processing of materials Diamagnetic levitation Magneto-Archimedes effect Spin chemistry Application of magnetic fields to analytical chemistry Magnetic orientation Control of structure by magnetic fields Magnetic separation and purification Magnetic field-induced phase transitions Materials properties in high magnetic fields Development of NMR and MRI Medical application of magnetic fields Novel magnetic phenomena Physical property measurement by Magnetic fields High magnetic field generation> MAP3 consisted of 84 presentations including 16 invited talks. This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series contains the proceeding of MAP3 with 34 papers that provide a scientific record of the topics covered by the conference with the special topics (13 papers) in the journal Science and Technology of Advanced Materials. All articles have been refereed by experts in the field. Both of these journals are fully accessible electronically and can be cited and referenced in the usual way. It is our hope that the reader will enjoy and profit from the MAP3 Proceedings. Hitoshi Wada (Kashiwa, Japan) Chair Eric Beaugon (Grenoble, France) Hans J Schneider-Muntau (Tallahassee, USA) Co-chair Advisory Board Shigeo Asai (Nagoya, Japan) Koichi Kitazawa (Tokyo, Japan) Mitsuhiro Motokawa (Sendai, Japan) Shoogo Ueno (Fukuoka, Japan) Robert Tournier (Grenoble, France) Justin Schwartz (Tallahassee, USA) J C Maan (Nijmegen, Netherland) Scientific Committee Yoshifumi Tanimoto (Hiroshima, Japan) Masuhiro Yamaguchi (Yokohama, Japan) Tsunehisa Kimura (Kyoto, Japan) Yoshio Sakka (Tsukuba Japan) Ryoichi Aogaki (Tokyo, Japan) Jyunji Miyakoshi (Hirosaki, Japan) Kazuo Watanabe (Sendai, Japan) James M Valles Jr. (Providence, USA) Joon Pyo Park (Pohang, Korea) Qiang Wang (Shenyang, China) Nicole Pamme (Hull, UK) Sophie Rivoirard (Grenoble, France) P C M Christianen (Nijmegen, Netherland) Local Organizing Committee Isao Yamamoto Masafumi Yamato Shigeru Horii Norihito Sogoshi Masateru Ikehata Noriyuki Hirota Tsutomu Ando Proceedings Editorial Board Yoshio Sakka Noriyuki Hirota Shigeru Horii Tsutomu Ando Conference photograph

Sakka, Yoshio; Hirota, Noriyuki; Horii, Shigeru; Ando, Tsutomu

2009-07-01

118

A global drought climatology for the 3rd edition of the World Atlas of Desertification (WAD)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new version of the World Atlas of Desertification (WAD) is being compiled in the framework of cooperation between the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). This initiative aims at mapping the global land degradation and desertification, as well as introducing the reader with complex interactions of geo-physical, socio-economic, and political aspects that affect the environmental sustainability. Recurrent extreme events resulting from climate change, such as more severe droughts, combined with non-adapted land use practices can affect the resilience of ecosystems tipping them into a less productive state. Thus, to describe the effects of climatological hazards on land degradation and desertification processes, we computed a World drought climatology that will be part of the 3rd edition of the WAD and will replace and update to 2010 the results presented in the 2nd edition in 1997. This paper presents the methodology used to compute three parameters included in the WAD drought climatology, i.e. drought frequency, intensity and duration, and discusses their spatio-temporal patterns both at global and continental scales. Because drought is mainly driven and triggered by a rainfall deficit, we chose the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) as the drought indicator to estimate our climatological parameters. The SPI is a statistical precipitation-based drought indicator widely used in drought-related studies. We calculated the SPI on three different accumulation periods: 3 months (SPI-3), 6 months (SPI-6), and 12 months (SPI-12), in order to take into account meteorological, agricultural, and hydrological drought-related features. Each quantity has been calculated on a monthly basis using the baseline period between January 1951 and December 2010. As data input, we used the Full Data Reanalysis Version 6.0 (0.5?x0.5?) of gridded monthly precipitation provided by the Global Precipitation Climatology Center (GPCC) of the Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD). This dataset was selected after an extensive quality check on data reliability, homogeneity, and physical consistency. We defined the drought frequency as the number of months with SPI below -1 out of all months in different periods of 10-15 years between 1951 and 2010. For the drought intensity we analyzed the drought events with at least 3 consecutive months with SPI below -1. The drought duration is defined in an operative way: a drought starts when SPI first falls below -1 and it ends when it turns back positive (i.e. >0) for at least 2 consecutive months. The results show that in the last two decades, as compared to the long-term normal conditions, the regions most affected by drought events were Congo and Central Africa, North-Eastern China, the Australian South-Eastern coast, and the Middle East. In general, an increase in duration and intensity of drought events was found for almost all the Northern Hemisphere. We also focused on some regional case studies dealing with drought events in the Mediterranean region, the Horn of Africa, and South America in the last 15 years

Spinoni, Jonathan; Carrao, Hugo; Naumann, Gustavo; Antofie, Tiberiu; Barbosa, Paulo; Vogt, Jürgen

2013-04-01

119

[Specialties in dentistry. 4. Post-academic specialization in geriatric dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, a specialization in geriatric dentistry has been established and along with it an educational programme. A specialist in geriatric dentistry is a dentist general practitioner with special knowledge and skills for delivering oral care to frail elderly people. The educational programme aims at an increase in dentists serving in geriatric care who are well prepared for delivering

R. M. Schaub; C. de Baat

2006-01-01

120

Legal considerations in sports dentistry.  

PubMed

The professional duties and responsibilities of a dentist in the examination or treatment of an individual engaged in a program of exercise or organized professional or amateur sports are consistent with the dentist's professional duties and responsibilities to any patient. However, because sports activities present risks not usually encountered by the average patient the dentist's concern for the well being of the patient is to a degree modified and expanded. These new professional duties and responsibilities translate into new legal duties and responsibilities, and the dentist's legal risks in the treatment of these patients increase. Added to the general rules of compliance with the law, duties that flow from the doctor-patient relationship, recordkeeping, history taking, obtaining informed consent, Good Samaritan Laws, and confidentiality are those that apply to the law of sports dentistry. Because most dentists, knowingly or unknowingly, treat patients engaged in some form of sport activity or exercise, all should become familiar with the special legal issues that attach to treating these patients. PMID:1936413

Pollack, B R

1991-10-01

121

A 3rd Generation Advanced High-Strength Steel (AHSS) Produced by Dual Stabilization Heat Treatment (DSHT)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A 3rd generation advanced high-strength steel containing, in wt pct, 0.3 C, 4.0 Mn, 1.5 Al, 2.1 Si, and 0.5 Cr has been produced using a dual stabilization heat treatment—a five stage thermal processing schedule compatible with continuous galvanized steel production. In excess of 30 vol pct retained austenite containing at least 0.80 wt pct C was achieved with this alloy, which had tensile strengths up to 1650 MPa and tensile elongations around 20 pct.

Qu, Hao; Michal, Gary M.; Heuer, Arthur H.

2013-10-01

122

Advection scheme with 3rd high-order spatial interpolation at the middle temporal level and its application to saltwater intrusion in the Changjiang Estuary  

Microsoft Academic Search

A non-oscillatory advection scheme with 3rd high-order spatial interpolation at the middle temporal level coupled with a TVD limiter (the 3rd HSIMT-TVD scheme) was developed with the following features: (1) It uses a parabola to characterize a substance’s local distribution at n?t; (2) it determines the cell interface value at (n+0.5)?t by one-step backward tracing to its position at n?t;

Hui Wu; Jianrong Zhu

2010-01-01

123

Analysis and Design of a 3rd Order Velocity-Controlled Closed-Loop for MEMS Vibratory Gyroscopes.  

PubMed

The time-average method currently available is limited to analyzing the specific performance of the automatic gain control-proportional and integral (AGC-PI) based velocity-controlled closed-loop in a micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) vibratory gyroscope, since it is hard to solve nonlinear functions in the time domain when the control loop reaches to 3rd order. In this paper, we propose a linearization design approach to overcome this limitation by establishing a 3rd order linear model of the control loop and transferring the analysis to the frequency domain. Order reduction is applied on the built linear model's transfer function by constructing a zero-pole doublet, and therefore mathematical expression of each control loop's performance specification is obtained. Then an optimization methodology is summarized, which reveals that a robust, stable and swift control loop can be achieved by carefully selecting the system parameters following a priority order. Closed-loop drive circuits are designed and implemented using 0.35 ?m complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) process, and experiments carried out on a gyroscope prototype verify the optimization methodology that an optimized stability of the control loop can be achieved by constructing the zero-pole doublet, and disturbance rejection capability (D.R.C) of the control loop can be improved by increasing the integral term. PMID:24051522

Wu, Huan-Ming; Yang, Hai-Gang; Yin, Tao; Jiao, Ji-Wei

2013-09-18

124

Stem cells: Boon to dentistry and medicine  

PubMed Central

Stem cell research has received considerable attention since the discovery that adult stem cells have the capacity to form many different tissue types. Stem cells are a booming field for the research and have been extensively studied in the field of medicine, as well as dentistry. Their application in oncology has been a boon to many of the patients. Dental stem cells have been novel approach to treat diseases like periodontitis, dental caries and many more. Their potential uses in dentistry have provided a new generation of treatments for dental diseases and stem cells have become the focus in dental research. This review highlights about the biology, sources and potential applications of stem cells in dentistry with emphasis on a dentist's role in enabling both medical and dental applications using stem cells from teeth.

Shilpa, P.S.; Kaul, Rachna; Sultana, Nishat; Bhat, Suraksha

2013-01-01

125

Enduring symbols of dentistry: international metaphors of dental science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dentists' contributions to science and society extend beyond the practice of clinical dentistry and preventive oral health. Such service encompasses contributions to biology specifically and more generally to societal good works for which dentists are particularly esteemed. The profession of dentistry promotes the history and heritage of its craft and those who practise it. Enduring symbols of dentistry take many

J. Pearn

2008-01-01

126

The entrepreneurial role in primary care dentistry.  

PubMed

This paper explores the entrepreneurial role of dentists in primary care dentistry. It reviews the changing context of dentistry, not least the reforms being introduced by the health and social care bill. It suggests that this new context will reinforce the need to consider the business side of dental practice, in particular, the importance of quality, creativity and innovation, alongside the importance of meeting the needs of patients. An entrepreneurial approach will be required in order to sustain dental practice in an increasingly competitive environment. PMID:22402534

Willcocks, S

2012-03-09

127

Wear in dentistry--current terminology.  

PubMed

There is some confusion in the dental literature concerning the phenomenon of wear which is usually considered in terms of its clinical manifestations rather than its underlying processes. The parent discipline for the study of these processes is tribology. The terms attrition, abrasion and erosion are common to both dentistry and tribology; however their meanings are different. Even within the various disciplines of dentistry there are differences in the understanding of the same terms. This article relates the dental appreciation of wear to the underlying processes. PMID:1624617

Mair, L H

1992-06-01

128

Ceramics in Restorative and Prosthetic DENTISTRY1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review is intended to provide the ceramic engineer with information about the history and current use of ceramics in dentistry, contemporary research topics, and potential research agenda. Background material includes intra-oral design considerations, descriptions of ceramic dental components, and the origin, composition, and microstructure of current dental ceramics. Attention is paid to efforts involving net-shape processing, machining as a

J. Robert Kelly

1997-01-01

129

A new paradigm for operative dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is over 100 years since GV Black gathered together most of the knowledge then current on the caries process and set clear parameters for the discipline of operative dentistry. His four-volume treatise set standards that were relevant for the times and, in fact, were so well described that they remained dominant in this discipline until quite recently. However, over

GJ Mount

2007-01-01

130

The interdisciplinary management of hypodontia: restorative dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the role of restorative dentistry in the management of hypodontia. The paper describes the general restorative considerations common to patients with hypodontia and illustrates the variety of restorative techniques available in the restorative management of hypodontia and oligodontia.

F S Nohl; N E Carter; T J Gillgrass; J G Meechan; R S Hobson; J H Nunn; N J Jepson

2003-01-01

131

Dentistry and Dental Hygiene Handbook. 1988 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The laws, rules and regulations of the New York State Education Department governing dentistry and dental hygiene practice in the state are presented. In addition, the requirements and procedures for obtaining licensure and first registration as a dentist and dental hygienist in New York are discussed. The following chapters are provided: (1)…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of the Professions.

132

Social Sciences and Dentistry: A Critical Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This bibliographic review of social sciences studies in the field of dentistry is a result of the collaboration of dentists and social and behavioral scientists who volunteered manuscripts to the Commission on Dental Practice of the Federation Dentaire Internationale. The manuscript topics include: (1) social science research on the dental…

Richards, N. David, Ed.; Cohen Lois K., Ed.

133

The importance of holograms in dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Holography offer new nondestructive possibilities for bridging the gap between in vitro and in vivo measurements in dentistry, and thus increase the possibility of achieving more accurate and sometimes more objective diagnosis and therapy. The use of stone and plaster study models is an integral part of any dental practice and is required for research. Storage of study models is

Cosmin Sinescu; Meda Negrutiu; Dana Pop; Lavinia Cuc; Aldo Desabata; Radu Negru; Mihai Hluscu; Mihai Rominu; Corina Marcauteanu; Eniko Demjan; Adrian Bradu; Iulian Antoniac; George Dobre; Adrian Podoleanu

2009-01-01

134

Prion Disease: The Implications for Dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article was to provide the dental community with a brief overview of the characteristics, risk of transmission, and the infection-control implications of prions in dentistry. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library, and relevant databases were searched, and a targeted internet search was conducted up to July 2007. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are a group of fatal

Amir Azarpazhooh; Edward D. Fillery

2008-01-01

135

University of Florida College of Dentistry's \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last decade, online continuing dental education (CDE) has seen a major transformation in the way it is deliv- ered, marketed, and accessed. The University of Florida College of Dentistry (UFCD) developed and evaluated a web-based CDE format (\\

Neale R. Chumbler; Donald M. Cohen; Indraneel Bhattacharyya; Jean Sweitzer; Teresa A. Dolan; Maxillofacial Pathology

136

Dentistry in the changing benefits market.  

PubMed

America appears to be moving inexorably toward managed medical care. Where does that leave dentists? By not joining in the movement they run the risk of losing out altogether. Organized dentistry hopes to provide an answer through its bid for legislation to allow its members to compete fairly in the ever-changing health care marketplace. PMID:7731613

Volland, L; Shub, J

1995-04-01

137

Managed care and dentistry: promises and problems.  

PubMed

At its inception in the mid-1950s, managed care held a number of promises for dental care providers and dental patients. Sometime during the development of managed care, however, many programs lost sight of the importance of provider equity. Using data from current programs, the authors contrast the original promises with the realities of managed care in dentistry. PMID:7722104

Marcus, M; Coulter, I D; Freed, J R; Atchison, K A; Gershen, J A; Spolsky, V W

1995-04-01

138

Entrepreneurialism in dentistry: commercialism versus opportunity.  

PubMed

The school of dentistry at Nova Southeastern University was founded eight years ago at a time when other dental schools were closing. Efficiencies of structure with the Health Professions Division of the university have been important in making this possible. The applicant pool is large and diverse and the educational program is modern. Collaborative relationships are being developed with industry. PMID:16350926

Uchin, Robert A

2005-01-01

139

3rd Tech DeltaSphere-3000 Laser 3D Scene Digitizer infrared laser scanner hazard analysis.  

SciTech Connect

A laser hazard analysis and safety assessment was performed for the 3rd Tech model DeltaSphere-3000{reg_sign} Laser 3D Scene Digitizer, infrared laser scanner model based on the 2000 version of the American National Standard Institute's Standard Z136.1, for the Safe Use of Lasers. The portable scanner system is used in the Robotic Manufacturing Science and Engineering Laboratory (RMSEL). This scanning system had been proposed to be a demonstrator for a new application. The manufacture lists the Nominal Ocular Hazard Distance (NOHD) as less than 2 meters. It was necessary that SNL validate this NOHD prior to its use as a demonstrator involving the general public. A formal laser hazard analysis is presented for the typical mode of operation for the current configuration as well as a possible modified mode and alternative configuration.

Augustoni, Arnold L.

2005-02-01

140

Results of the independent verification of radiological remedial action at 196 East 3rd South Street, Monticello, Utah (MS00083)  

SciTech Connect

In 1980 the site of a vanadium and uranium mill at Monticello, Utah, was accepted into the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Surplus Facilities Management program with the objectives of restoring the government-owned mill site to safe levels of radioactivity, disposing of or containing the tailings in an environmentally safe manner, and performing remedial actions on off-site (vicinity) properties that had been contaminated by radioactive material resulting from mill operations. During 1984 and 1985, UNC Geotech, the remedial action contractor designated by DOE, performed remedial action on the vicinity property at 196 East 3rd South Street, Monticello, Utah. The Pollutant Assessments Group (PAG) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory was assigned the responsibility of verifying the data supporting the adequacy of remedial action and confirming the site's compliance with DOE guidelines. The PAG found that the site successfully meets the DOE remedial action objectives. Procedures used by PAG are described. 3 refs., 2 tabs.

Crutcher, J.W.; Smuin, M.W.

1989-10-01

141

Results of the independent verification of radiological remedial action at 281 East 3rd South Street, Monticello, Utah (MS00138)  

SciTech Connect

In 1980 the site of a vanadium and uranium mill at Monticello, Utah, was accepted into the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Surplus Facilities Management Program, with the objectives of restoring the government-owned mill site to safe levels of radioactivity, disposing of or containing the tailings in an environmentally safe manner, and performing remedial actions on off-site (vicinity) properties that had been contaminated by radioactive material resulting from mill operations. During 1985, UNC Geotech, the remedial action contractor designated by DOE, performed remedial action on the vicinity property at 281 East 3rd South Street, Monticello, Utah. The Pollutant Assessments Group (PAG) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory was assigned the responsibility of verifying the data supporting the adequacy of remedial action and confirming the site's compliance with DOE guidelines. The PAG found that the site successfully meets the DOE remedial action objectives. Procedures used by PAG are described. 3 refs., 2 tabs.

Crutcher, J.W.; Wilson, M.J.

1990-02-01

142

Results of the independent verification of radiological remedial action at 397 East 3rd South Street, Monticello, Utah (MS00168)  

SciTech Connect

In 1980 the site of a vanadium and uranium mill at Monticello, Utah, was accepted into the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Surplus Facilities Management Program, with the objectives of restoring the government-owned mill site to safe levels of radioactivity, disposing of or containing the tailings in an environmentally safe manner, and performing remedial actions on off-site (vicinity) properties that had been contaminated by radioactive material resulting from mill operations. During 1987 and 1988, UNC Geotech, the remedial action contractor designated by DOE, performed remedial action on the vicinity property at 397 East 3rd South Street, Monticello, Utah. The Pollutant Assessments Group (PAG) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory was assigned the responsibility of verifying the data supporting the adequacy of remedial action and confirming the site's compliance with DOE guidelines. The PAG found that the site successfully meets the DOE remedial action objectives. Procedures used by PAG are described. 3 refs., 2 tabs.

Wilson, M.J.; Crutcher, J.W.

1991-07-01

143

Results of the independent verification of radiological remedial action at 381 East 3rd South Street, Monticello, Utah (MS00140)  

SciTech Connect

In 1980 the site of a vanadium and uranium mill at Monticello, Utah, was accepted into the US Department of Energy (DOE's) Surplus Facilities Management Program, with the objectives of restoring the government-owned mill site to safe levels of radioactivity, disposing of or containing the tailings in an environmentally safe manner, and performing remedial actions on off-site (vicinity) properties that had been contaminated by radioactive material resulting from mill operations. During 1986, UNC Geotech, the remedial action contractor designated by DOE, performed remedial action on the vicinity at 381 East 3rd South Street, Monticello, Utah. The Pollutant Assessments group (PAG) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory was assigned the responsibility of verifying the data supporting the adequacy of remedial action and confirming the site's compliance with DOE guidelines. The PAG found that the site successfully meets the DOE remedial action objectives. Procedures used by PAG are described. 3 refs., 2 tabs.

Crutcher, J.W.; Smuin, M.W.

1989-10-01

144

Results of the independent verification of radiological remedial action at 280 South 3rd East Street, Monticello, Utah (MS00099)  

SciTech Connect

In 1980 the site of a vanadium and uranium mill at Monticello, Utah, was accepted into the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Surplus Facilities Management Program, with the objectives of restoring the government-owned mill site to safe levels of radioactivity, disposing of or containing the tailings in an environmentally safe manner, and performing remedial actions on off-site (vicinity) properties that had been contaminated by radioactive material resulting from mill operations. During 1985 and 1986, UNC Geotech, the remedial action contractor designated by DOE, performed remedial action on the vicinity property at 280 South 3rd East Street, Monticello, Utah. The Pollutant Assessments Group (PAG) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory was assigned the responsibility of verifying the data supporting the adequacy of remedial action and confirming the site's compliance with DOE guidelines. The PAG found that the site successfully meets the DOE remedial action objectives. Procedures used by PAG are described. 3 refs., 2 tabs.

Crutcher, J.W.; Wilson, M.J.

1990-02-01

145

Palaeocommunity dynamics across the Lower to Middle Miocene 3rd order sequence boundary of the Central Paratethys  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 3rd order sequence boundary from the Lower to the Middle Miocene of the Paratethys is characterized by a well-known major change of the molluscan fauna. This change was mainly studied based on regional species lists, which suggest a transition from low-diversity Karpatian (Upper Burdigalian) to highly diverse Badenian (Langhian and Lower Serravallian) assemblages. Here, we present quantitative data from 4 Karpatian and 6 Badenian localities to capture the anatomy of this faunal transition by comparing species-abundance patterns of local assemblages. 223 bulk samples, comprising more than 65,000 shells, were taken from shell beds; all molluscs > 1mm were studied quantitatively and sorted into 496 species. Independent sources (e.g., palaeogeographic position of localities and environmental data from foraminifera) suggest a water depth ranging from the intertidal to several tens of meters for the studied assemblages. Ordination methods indicate that benthic assemblages in the study area developed along the same depth-related environmental gradient across the 3rd order sequence boundary. Due to strong facies shifts at the boundary, the Karpatian faunas are mostly preserved in nearshore settings, but the Badenian faunas range from intertidal to shelf depth. Statistical analyses indicate that differences between the total of Karpatian and the total of Badenian assemblages are smaller than any differences among individual localities. The striking differences among the studied localities are most likely due to heterogeneous environments present on the Lower and Middle Miocene shelf of the Central Paratethys. Clearly, the immigration of several thermophilic molluscan families and superfamilies (e.g., Strombidae, Tonnoidea, Isognomonidae, and Carditidae) reflects climatic changes at the onset of the Langhian transgression. Our quantitative approach, however, favours the strong facies shift at the Lower / Middle Miocene boundary as the main reason for the pretended faunal turnover observed from regional species lists, because species abundance patterns from local assemblages indicate largely persisting palaeocommunities.

Zuschin, Martin; Harzhauser, Mathias; Mandic, Oleg

2010-05-01

146

Pay for performance: will dentistry follow?  

PubMed Central

Background "Pay for performance" is an incentive system that has been gaining acceptance in medicine and is currently being considered for implementation in dentistry. However, it remains unclear whether pay for performance can effect significant and lasting changes in provider behavior and quality of care. Provider acceptance will likely increase if pay for performance programs reward true quality. Therefore, we adopted a quality-oriented approach in reviewing those factors which could influence whether it will be embraced by the dental profession. Discussion The factors contributing to the adoption of value-based purchasing were categorized according to the Donabedian quality of care framework. We identified the dental insurance market, the dental profession position, the organization of dental practice, and the dental patient involvement as structural factors influencing the way dental care is practiced and paid for. After considering variations in dental care and the early stage of development for evidence-based dentistry, the scarcity of outcome indicators, lack of clinical markers, inconsistent use of diagnostic codes and scarcity of electronic dental records, we concluded that, for pay for performance programs to be successfully implemented in dentistry, the dental profession and health services researchers should: 1) expand the knowledge base; 2) increase considerably evidence-based clinical guidelines; and 3) create evidence-based performance measures tied to existing clinical practice guidelines. Summary In this paper, we explored factors that would influence the adoption of value-based purchasing programs in dentistry. Although none of these factors were essential deterrents for the implementation of pay for performance programs in medicine, the aggregate seems to indicate that significant changes are needed before this type of program could be considered a realistic option in dentistry.

2010-01-01

147

PREFACE: EDS2010 Preface  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The biennial international conference on Extended Defects in Semiconductors started in 1978 with a meeting in Hünfeld, Germany. Subsequent meetings rotated between Poland, France, Great Britain, Germany, Russia and Italy, culminating in EDS2004 in Chernogolovka, EDS2006 in Halle and EDS2008 in Poitiers. EDS2010 was held at the University of Sussex at Brighton, UK from September 19th to 24th. An extension of the tabulation of this history, which first appeared on the EDS2006 website, is given in the attached PDF. It is with sadness that we note one of the founders of the series, Prof. Dr Helmut Alexander, passed away on 3 December 2009 and we were proud to dedicate EDS2010 to his memory. It has become a tradition to make an award in his name, and this year it was made to Ivan Isacov for his poster "Electrical levels of dislocation networks in p- and n-type silicon". A short and warm celebration of Prof. Dr Alexander's life by his friends and colleagues, Prof. Drs Helmut Gottschalk, Eicke Weber and Wolfgang Schröter, is included in this volume. The conference was a forum for the state-of-the-art of investigation and modelling of extended defects in semiconductors. Scientists from universities, research institutes and industry made contributions to a deeper understanding of extended defects, their interaction with point defects and their role in the development of semiconductor technology. The remit of the conference included extended defects, nanostructures, nanoparticles, quantum dots and interfaces within semiconducting materials ranging from narrow to wide band gaps, including graphene-derived materials and diamond. Scientific interests range from defect geometry, electronic structure, dynamics, spectroscopy, microscopy, reactions and chemistry to introduction mechanisms, such as implantation and strained layers and the operation of devices such as integrated circuits, heterostructures, and solar cells. The organisers were confronted with a long period between the afternoon outing to Arundel Castle and dinner in the evening at Wiston House, a mansion of Tudor origin near Steyning, West Sussex. So a short audience-participation seminar was held in the conference room of the manor, covering the history of dislocations and the history of the conference series. We were also able to extend the appreciation of the life of Prof. Yuri Ossipyan (15 Feb 1931 - 10 Sep 2008) briefly given at EDS2008. EDS2010 continued the drive into graphene-based materials with a session devoted to them, and it gave immense pleasure to many of us who were his former students to dedicate a session to the work of Professor R Jones. We are grateful to his present and former co-workers who came and presented an impressive perspective on their work with him and a vision of a vigorous future for him in his retirement and for AIMPRO, the current Density Functional Theory code that derives from the one he established with his former student, Dr Patrick Briddon. For EDS2010 we made two minor modifications to the appearance of the conference: a central webpage www.eds-conferences.org, ably managed by our webmaster, Dr Gemma Haffenden, and a Facebook page, "EDS conference series", which Dr Amy Gandy runs enthusiastically. Amongst other things the conference photographs appear here. "I like this". In fact, currently 22 FB-ers "like this" and I am sure it will grow. Finally, it is a pleasure to acknowledge the significant contributions of Co-Chair, Prof. Marek Skowronski, Conference Manager, Dr Christopher Latham, and the editors of this volume, Drs Jon Goss and Chris Ewels, who in turn wish to thank Dr Alexis Vlandas for his help proof reading the articles. We all wish the best of luck to Prof. Philomela Khomninou and her team in the organisation of EDS2012.

Heggie, Malcolm I.

2011-03-01

148

Biz/ed Chronologies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Biz/ed highlights UK and international events of economic significance at the new Chronologies page with data from the Barclays Bank Economics Department. Each timeline is browseable by quarter or year (1997-present), and the Key Facts section summarizes major events of the last thirty years by decade.

149

Periosteum: A Highly Underrated Tool in Dentistry  

PubMed Central

The ultimate goal of any dental treatment is the regeneration of lost tissues and alveolar bone. Under the appropriate culture conditions, periosteal cells secrete extracellular matrix and form a membranous structure. The periosteum can be easily harvested from the patient's own oral cavity, where the resulting donor site wound is invisible. Owing to the above reasons, the periosteum offers a rich cell source for bone tissue engineering; hence, the regenerative potential of periosteum is immense. Although the use of periosteum as a regenerative tool has been extensive in general medical field, the regenerative potential of periosteum is highly underestimated in dentistry; therefore, the present paper reviews the current literature related to the regenerative potential of periosteum and gives an insight to the future use of periosteum in dentistry.

Mahajan, Ajay

2012-01-01

150

Application of Calcium Phosphate Materials in Dentistry  

PubMed Central

Calcium phosphate materials are similar to bone in composition and in having bioactive and osteoconductive properties. Calcium phosphate materials in different forms, as cements, composites, and coatings, are used in many medical and dental applications. This paper reviews the applications of these materials in dentistry. It presents a brief history, dental applications, and methods for improving their mechanical properties. Notable research is highlighted regarding (1) application of calcium phosphate into various fields in dentistry; (2) improving mechanical properties of calcium phosphate; (3) biomimetic process and functionally graded materials. This paper deals with most common types of the calcium phosphate materials such as hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate which are currently used in dental and medical fields.

Al-Sanabani, Jabr S.; Al-Sanabani, Fadhel A.

2013-01-01

151

Patent law in dentistry: an overview.  

PubMed

Dentistry in recent years has developed interest in the field of intellectual property rights (IPR) and Patents due to extensive research in the fraternity and existing competition. There have been various patent applications and grants in the field of dentistry abroad due to better understanding of IPR but India still has very few patent grants and applications on the subject matter. This review article in particular deals with the understanding of IPR and Patents as a whole, especially for dental professionals involved in research and development. Hence, this would also act as an asset for dental researchers to explore and expand their scope of activities, with special privileges empowered for their work. PMID:22124055

Bijle, Mohammed Nadeem A

152

Characteristics of Civilian Postdoctoral General Dentistry Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

U.S. civilian (non-VA\\/non-military) Advanced Education in General Dentistry (AEGD) and General Practice Residency (GPR) programs were identified (n=208) and surveyed. The assessment evaluated infrastructure support, populations served, services provided, and trainee stipends. One hundred thirty-one programs responded (thirty-two AEGD, 64 percent\\/ninety-nine GPR, 63 percent). Sixty-nine programs were HRSA-funded (53 percent), and sixty-three (47 percent) were nonfunded. One hundred and five

Ronald S. Mito; Kathryn A. Atchison; Karen H. Lefever; Sylvia Lin; Rita Engelhardt

153

Laser in dentistry: Biostimulation and surgery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Laser therapy has achieved an important rule in cosmetic dentistry especially in the treatment of several complications such as leukoplakia, oral lichen planus, glossitis, oral mucositis, labial herpes virus, stomatitis, frenulum and oral hemangioma. In our study we enrolled 40 patients affected by these diseases to treat them with a new infrared dental laser demonstrating that it is extremely safe and effective in pain and postoperative discomforts reduction.

Barzè, Franco; Palmieri, Beniamino; Scalise, Lorenzo; Rottigni, Valentina

2012-09-01

154

Dermatoxicology. 3rd edition  

SciTech Connect

This book is a revision which updates many chapters to include advances in the field. Coverage includes: reproductive hazards from skin-absorbed chemicals; introductory information about skin hypersensitivity; discussion of the new developments in the area of eye irritation; methods of testing for contact hypersensitivity of the vagina. Partial Contents: Skin Structure, Function and Biochemistry; Clinical and Experimental Aspects of Cutaneous Irritation; Immunologic Aspects of Delayed and Immediate Skin Hypersensitivity; Contact Allergy: Predictive Testing in Humans; Light-Induced Dermal Toxicity: Effects on the Cellular and Molecular Level; Detection of Environmental Depigmenting Chemicals; Skin as a Route of Entry for Neurotoxic Substances.

Marzulli, F.N.; Maibach, H.L.

1987-01-01

155

Newton's 3rd Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the University of Tennessee provides an explanation of Newton's third law with text and drawings. Diagrams illustrate the force on an object and the reaction force that the object exerts. The page includes several problems on reaction forces and equilibrium. This page is part of a web-based introductory physics course at the University of Tennessee.

Breinig, Marianne

2012-04-23

156

Newton's 3rd Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video shows how Newton's Third Law of Motion can be demonstrated using a low-friction "sled" and two rubber bands. The video includes a brief description of Newton's third law and explains the reaction force on the sled.

Fix, Darren

2009-02-26

157

To keep the catch - that is the question: a personal account of the 3rd Annual EULAR Congress, Stockholm  

PubMed Central

The 3rd Annual EULAR Congress, held in Stockholm on 12–15 June 2002, had a turnout of 8300 delegates, almost identical to last year's record attendance level in Prague. The venue was close to ideal, allowing ample space for poster sessions in the exhibition hall. The manned poster sessions were well attended, even on the last day of the Congress. The numerous invited speakers represented the world's elite, allowing the staging of excellent state-of-the-art podium sessions. The aim of attracting the young scientific community was partly achieved, but individual delegates' dependence on industry sponsorship poses potential problems. The organization was a big improvement compared to that of the two previous congresses. Approximately 1800 abstracts were submitted, an increase of 50%, resulting in a higher quality of accepted abstracts. The satellite symposia held every morning and late afternoon were well attended; thus, industry exposure of new products, both in podium sessions and at the exhibitions, was well accommodated. The Annual EULAR Congress consolidates its position as one of the two most important annual congresses of rheumatology, but EULAR economy and commercial aspects are still too dominant in relation to science.

Wollheim, Frank A

2002-01-01

158

Construction and optimization of local 3rd order passive shim system for human brain imaging at 4T MRI  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The optimal MRI quality relies on a homogeneous magnetic field. However, local susceptibility variations within human brain can lead to field inhomogeneity that causes artifacts such as image distortion and signal drop-out, which become worse with increasing magnetic field strength. Many evidences showed that high order shims are required for optimal MRI at field greater than 3T. However, due to limited space, many MRI systems provide only up to second order active shims. In this work, we introduce a 3rd order local passive shimming along with the active 1st and 2nd order shimming to improve field homogeneity within the human brain for a group of subjects. A 3D gradient-echo pulse sequence was used to obtain B0 field maps of four subjects' brains at 4T. The field maps for each subject were then decomposed into third-order spherical harmonic coefficients and averaged. The optimized positions, the required susceptibility and dimensions of shim elements for placement of shim elements on a cylindrical shim tube that fits over the RF coil were evaluated on a cylindrical surface to generate the desired magnetic field that can optimize the field variation over the entire human brain.When combined with first- and second-order active shimming, the passive shim tube significantly improved B0 homogeneity within the brain.

Jayatilake, Mohan; Storrs, Judd; Osterhage, Jeff; Lee, Jing-Huei

2011-04-01

159

Red light tropospheric photochemistry: Optical extinction measurements of the 3rd and 4th overtone of methylglyoxal diol  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Methylglyoxal is a known oxidation product of biogenic and anthropogenic VOCs, observed by field studies and incorporated into atmospheric models. While the gas-phase photochemistry of this compound is fairly well understood, its modeled concentration and role in SOA formation remains controversial. Preliminary studies using infrared (IR) and near IR spectroscopy have shown that hydration of aldehydes, in particular methylglyoxal, does happen in the gas phase and it is water catalyzed. One of the consequences of this is a change in the electronic state of the molecule, eliminating the n??* transition of the aldehyde carbonyl which is well known to undergo near-UV photochemistry. Instead, the OH vibrational chromophore of the diol may react (through excitation of the OH vibrational overtone in the near IR) to form new products by dehydration, decarboxylation, and decarbonylation, as suggested recently for a number of alcohols and acids. The experimental approach employs cavity ringdown spectroscopy (CRDS) to observe photon initiated processes following excitement of the 3rd and 4th overtones of methylglyoxal diol. This chemistry could modify atmospheric radical production and provide important degradation pathways of potential SOA precursors.

Axson, J. L.; Vaida, V.

2011-12-01

160

Development of Partially-Coherent Wavefront Propagation Simulation Methods for 3rd and 4th Generation Synchrotron Radiation Sources.  

SciTech Connect

Partially-coherent wavefront propagation calculations have proven to be feasible and very beneficial in the design of beamlines for 3rd and 4th generation Synchrotron Radiation (SR) sources. These types of calculations use the framework of classical electrodynamics for the description, on the same accuracy level, of the emission by relativistic electrons moving in magnetic fields of accelerators, and the propagation of the emitted radiation wavefronts through beamline optical elements. This enables accurate prediction of performance characteristics for beamlines exploiting high SR brightness and/or high spectral flux. Detailed analysis of radiation degree of coherence, offered by the partially-coherent wavefront propagation method, is of paramount importance for modern storage-ring based SR sources, which, thanks to extremely small sub-nanometer-level electron beam emittances, produce substantial portions of coherent flux in X-ray spectral range. We describe the general approach to partially-coherent SR wavefront propagation simulations and present examples of such simulations performed using 'Synchrotron Radiation Workshop' (SRW) code for the parameters of hard X-ray undulator based beamlines at the National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II), Brookhaven National Laboratory. These examples illustrate general characteristics of partially-coherent undulator radiation beams in low-emittance SR sources, and demonstrate advantages of applying high-accuracy physical-optics simulations to the optimization and performance prediction of X-ray optical beamlines in these new sources.

Chubar O.; Berman, L; Chu, Y.S.; Fluerasu, A.; Hulbert, S.; Idir, M.; Kaznatcheev, K.; Shapiro, D.; Baltser, J.

2012-04-04

161

Chem Ed 2005  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The teaching and learning conference Chem Ed 2005 offers insightful talks, hands-on workshops, presentations, and demonstrations, all with the goal of improving the quality of education in the classroom. At this website, users can find information about the lecture schedule, the presenters, exhibitors, and social activities. Everyone involved with chemistry education can learn about registration, accommodations, and transportation. Interested visitors can also subscribe to the emailing list to receive the latest information about the conference.

162

75 FR 14446 - Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...Training in Primary CareMedicine and Dentistry (ACTPCMD). Date and Time: April 22...Professions, Division of Medicine and Dentistry. In the plenary session, the...

2010-03-25

163

75 FR 64318 - Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...Training in Primary Care, Medicine and Dentistry (ACTPCMD). Date and Time: November...Secretary, Division of Medicine and Dentistry, Bureau of Health Professions,...

2010-10-19

164

77 FR 64116 - Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry (ACTPCMD). Date and Time: November...Ph.D., Division of Medicine and Dentistry, Bureau of Health Professions,...

2012-10-18

165

76 FR 30951 - Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry (ACTPCMD). Date and Time: June 13...Secretary, Division of Medicine and Dentistry, Bureau of Health Professions,...

2011-05-27

166

Dentistry proteomics: From laboratory development to clinical practice.  

PubMed

Despite all the dental information acquired over centuries and the importance of proteome research, the cross-link between these two areas only emerged around mid-nineties. Proteomic tools can help dentistry in the identification of risk factors, early diagnosis, prevention, and systematic control that will promote the evolution of treatment in all dentistry specialties. This review mainly focuses on the evolution of dentistry in different specialties based on proteomic research and how these tools can improve knowledge in dentistry. The subjects covered are an overview of proteomics in dentistry, specific information on different fields in dentistry (dental structure, restorative dentistry, endodontics, periodontics, oral pathology, oral surgery, and orthodontics) and future directions. There are many new proteomic technologies that have never been used in dentistry studies and some dentistry areas that have never been explored by proteomic tools. It is expected that a greater integration of these areas will help to understand what is still unknown in oral health and disease. J. Cell. Physiol. 228: 2271-2284, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:24037769

Rezende, Taia M B; Lima, Stella M F; Petriz, Bernardo A; Silva, Osmar N; Freire, Mirna S; Franco, Octávio L

2013-12-01

167

What Does the Cognitive Assessment System (CAS) Measure? Joint Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the CAS and the Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive Ability (3rd Edition).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports the results of the first joint confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of the Cognitive Assessment System (CAS) and the Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive Abilities-3rd Edition (WJ III). Results of these analyses do not support the construct validity of the CAS as a measure of the PASS (planning, attention, simultaneous, and sequential)…

Keith, Timothy Z.; Kranzler, John H.; Flanagan, Dawn P.

2001-01-01

168

The Relationship between Perceived and Ideal Body Size and Body Mass Index in 3rd-Grade Low Socioeconomic Hispanic Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Very little is known about body satisfaction among minority children. This study examined the relationship between perceived and actual body size and Body Mass Index among 43 low-socioeconomic Hispanic 3rd-graders. Researchers measured participants' Body Mass Index; students self-reported Perceived Ideal Self Image and Perceived Actual Self Image…

Fisher, Allison; Lange, Mary Anne; Young-Cureton, Virginia; Canham, Daryl

2005-01-01

169

Oxidation of methanol on 2nd and 3rd row group VIII transition metals (Pt, Ir, Os, Pd, Rh, and Ru): Application to direct methanol fuel cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using first principles quantum mechanics [nonlocal density functional theory (B3LYP)], the authors calculated the 13 most likely intermediate species for methanol oxidation on clusters of all 2nd and 3rd row Group VIII transition metals for all three likely binding sites (top, bridge, and cap). This comprehensive set of binding energies and structures allows a detailed analysis of possible reaction mechanisms

Jeremy Kua; William A. Goddard III

1999-01-01

170

"Elderly Deafblindness." Proceedings of the European Conference of Deafblind International's Acquired Deafblindness Network (3rd, Marcelli di Numana, Italy, October 2-7, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This text includes all of the plenary presentations from the 3rd European Conference of Deafblind International's Acquired Deafblindness Network. This international conference was the first to focus specifically on older people with dual sensory impairment. Presentations addressed the awareness of the needs of older people with deafblind or dual…

Deafblind International, London (England).

171

Conference on the Physics, Chemistry and Biology of Water (3rd) Held in West Dover, Vermont on October 16-19, 2008 (Abstracts).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 3rd Annual Conference on the Physics, Chemistry and Biology of Water was held in West Dover, Vermont October 16th thru 19th, 2008. The conference was organized by Vermont Photonics Technologies Corporation of Bellows Falls, Vermont, and was attended b...

T. Lowell

2008-01-01

172

The Relationship between Perceived and Ideal Body Size and Body Mass Index in 3rd-Grade Low Socioeconomic Hispanic Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Very little is known about body satisfaction among minority children. This study examined the relationship between perceived and actual body size and Body Mass Index among 43 low-socioeconomic Hispanic 3rd-graders. Researchers measured participants' Body Mass Index; students self-reported Perceived Ideal Self Image and Perceived Actual Self Image…

Fisher, Allison; Lange, Mary Anne; Young-Cureton, Virginia; Canham, Daryl

2005-01-01

173

Body mass index trajectories and predictors among 3rd to 12th graders using growth curve mixture modeling the Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health (CATCH) study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation examined body mass index (BMI) growth trajectories and the effects of gender, ethnicity, dietary intake, and physical activity (PA) on BMI growth trajectories among 3rd to 12th graders (9-18 years of age). Growth curve model analysis was performed using data from The Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health (CATCH) study. The study population included 2909 students who

Hao T Duong

2009-01-01

174

Analysis of structural and molecular events associated with adult rat optic chiasm and nerves demyelination and remyelination: possible role for 3rd ventricle proliferating cells.  

PubMed

Multiple sclerosis frequently affects the optic apparatus, particularly optic chiasm and nerves. Here, we have reported the structural and molecular characteristics of remyelination in the adult rat optic chiasm and nerves. Moreover, considering the proximity of optic chiasm and 3rd ventricle, we have tried to determine if proliferating cells residing in 3rd ventricle region are able to migrate in response to experimental demyelination of the optic chiasm. Following local demyelination by lysolecithin, remyelination pattern in longitude of optic chiasm and proximal nerves was investigated using myelin staining and marker genes expression. Furthermore, cell tracing was carried out using BrdU labeling of proliferating cells prior to gliotoxin injection. Morphometric analysis revealed that demyelination was considerable on days 7 and 14 and an incomplete remyelination occurred on day 28 post-lesion. Interestingly, myelin repair was more evident in the caudal part of chiasm, compared to rostral part and proximal optic nerves. Following chiasm and nerve demyelination, trains of BrdU+ cells were seen near the 3rd ventricle which subsequently moved to lesion site. Nestin was significantly up-regulated in 3rd ventricle surroundings. At the lesion site, Nogo-A gene expression was significantly decreased on days 7 and 14 post lesion, while Olig2, nestin, and GFAP expression was increased on day 7. The changes were then reversed by the time. Myelin repair in optic chiasm seems to be mediated by endogenous progenitors and stem cells. Adult 3rd ventricle proliferating cells may play a role in this context by mobilization into the demyelinated chiasm. PMID:21290199

Mozafari, Sabah; Javan, Mohammad; Sherafat, Mohammad Amin; Mirnajafi-Zadeh, Javad; Heibatollahi, Motahareh; Pour-Beiranvand, Shahram; Tiraihi, Taki; Ahmadiani, Abolhasan

2011-02-03

175

A Predoctoral Clinical Geriatric Dentistry Rotation at the University of the Pacific School of Dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Predoctoral dental students from University of the Pacific School of Dentistry provide initial and yearly dental evaluations for participants of On Lok Senior Health Services on site at On Lok centers. Student dentists also complete some dental procedures including denture fabrication, adjustments and repairs, hard and soft relines, scaling\\/root planing, polishing, and limited restorative treatments. A wide range of age-prevalent

Elisa M. Chávez; Eugene E. LaBarre

2003-01-01

176

National Museum of Dentistry exhibition: the future is now! African Americans in dentistry.  

PubMed Central

Inspired by recently published NDA II: The Story of America's Second National Dental Association and sponsored jointly by the National Dental Association Foundation and the Colgate-Palmolive Company, an historical exhibit on dentistry in the African-American community was one of the celebrations for the Golden Anniversary of the American Academy of the History of Dentistry. This exhibit premiered on Sept. 27, 2002 in the National Museum of Dentistry located on the medical/dental campus of the University of Maryland in Baltimore. The Museum recently became an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution. Contents of the exhibit were photographs, charts, artifacts, memorabilia, etc. These materials presented an overview of African-American activities in dental education, research, patient care, general practice, dental specialities, military service, and public health. Also included were inter-racial relationships, socioeconomic developments, and participation in civil rights endeavors that played a major role in changing out-dated accepted customs. The exhibit's purpose was to celebrate dentistry's ministrations as a health professional among African Americans in particular and the nation at large over the past two centuries. Respect for and progress of black dentists paralleled that of black physicians who were instrumental in including dentist and pharmacists as equal members in the National Medical Association since the latter's inception in 1895. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5

Dummett, Clifton O.

2003-01-01

177

[Level of smoking of 3rd and 4th grade students studying health and related factors: follow-up study].  

PubMed

The levels of smoking of 1st and 2nd year students at Faculty of Medicine and Manisa School of Health at Celal Bayar University were investigated in 2006-2007. This study is carried out in order to see if there is a change in the same students' level of smoking while they are in 3rd and 4th year. In addition, the study aimed to examine the factors affecting the level of use and attitudes towards the law effectuated in July 19, 2009. This is a follow-up study with 80.42% return rate. A 26-item structured questionnaire was administered. The participants filled out the questionnaires under supervision of the researchers in their classrooms. The University Institutional Review Board approved the study. The total of participants (263) of the follow-up study included 189 female and 74 male. The rate of experimenting with smoking was 49% with the mean age of 15.7 (SD= 4.01 years). The mean age of experimenting with smoking was the earliest on male students studying at faculty of medicine. The level of smoking was found to be the most on females, studying at faculty of medicine and staying at the dormitory, with smoking parents (p< 0.05). The most important reason to begin smoking was curiosity (55.2%) while bad breath and yellowing of teeth were the reasons to quit (91.7%). 83.3% of the students thought that the law will be effective on quit smoking. The level of both experimenting and use of smoking has been increased over time. It is suggested that medical students' awareness about the danger of smoking should be raised at earlier grades. In addition, lectures should be offered to students at School of Health and they should be encouraged to unite in order to fight with smoking. PMID:22233305

Göktalay, Tu?ba; Cengiz Özyurt, Beyhan; Sakar Co?kun, Ay?in; Celik, Pinar

2011-01-01

178

Occlusion of rostroventral 3rd ventricle abolishes drinking but not AVP release in response to central osmotic stimulation.  

PubMed

Dogs were implanted with a device for chronic cannulation of the anterior part of the 3rd ventricle (A3V). Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) infusion of artificial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) containing 0.35 M NaCl into the A3V of 7 normally hydrated dogs induced thirst (average water intake 11.8 +/- 2.0 ml.kg-1 b. wt.) and significantly increased arginine-vasopressin (AVP) concentration in the blood plasma from 3.4 +/- 0.3 to 8.2 +/- 1.2 pg.ml-1. When repeating the i.c.v. hypertonic infusion at intervals of one week or more in two dogs, its dipsogenic effect vanished within 3-5 months. X-ray analysis revealed an occlusion of the rostroventral part of the A3V. Subsequent controls on 3 other dogs confirmed that the dipsogenic response to i.c.v. osmotic stimulation was abolished in association with similar partial occlusions of the A3V. However, this stimulus still produced a significant increase of plasma AVP from 3.7 +/- 0.5 to 5.7 +/- 0.7 pg.ml-1 in the 5 dogs. Control of drinking in these dogs was otherwise unimpaired as indicated by their normal plasma osmolalities. Histological examination revealed that the loss of the dipsogenic response to i.c.v. infusion of 0.35 M NaCl was in each case associated with fibrinous occlusion of the A3V between its rostral wall and the mass intermedia, preventing the passage of the infusate to the supraoptic and infundibular recesses. PMID:3390712

Eriksson, S; Simon-Oppermann, C; Simon, E; Gray, D A

1988-05-10

179

EcEd Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Economic Education Website (EcEdWeb) was created by the Center for Economic Education at the University of Nebraska, Omaha. The aim of the site is to provide support for economic education from K-12 through college. At the site visitors will find links to teaching resources, economic information and economic data. In addition, there is a section on how to use the Internet for economics education. Note that the website also houses the web pages of the National Association of Economic Educators and the Missouri Valley Economics Association.

Sosin, Kim.

1998-01-01

180

Military and VA General Dentistry Training: A National Resource  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1999, HRSA contracted with the UCLA School of Dentistry to evaluate the postgraduate general dentistry (PDG) training programs. The purpose of this article is to compare the program characteristics of the PGD training programs sponsored by the Armed Services (military) and VA. Surveys mailed to sixty-six VA and forty-two military program directors in fall 2000 sought information regarding the

Kathryn A. Atchison; William Bachand; C. Richard Buchanan; Karen H. Lefever; Sylvia Lin; Rita Engelhardt

181

OcclusionGood occlusal practice in children's dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The difference between paediatric dentistry and most other branches of dentistry is that in the child the occlusion is changing. Consequently 'Good Occlusal Practice' in children is a matter of making the right clinical decisions for the future occlusion. The clinician needs to be able to predict the influence that different treatment options will have on the occlusion when the

R J M Gray; I C Mackie; S J Davies

2001-01-01

182

Children's Fear and Behavior in Private Pediatric Dentistry Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: This study assessed the proportion of children with dental fear, the propor- tion of children with negative behavior and the relationship of children's dental fear and children's negative behavior in private pediatric dentistry practices in western Washington state. Methods: A total of 421 children seen in 21 private pediatric dentistry practices in west- ern Washington State participated. The average

Krista Baier; Peter Milgrom; Lloyd Mancl; Toshiko Yoshida

183

Forensic dentistry in a terrorist world.  

PubMed

While body identification by dental means has not changed substantially since 9/11, or even since the bombing of the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City in 1995, the conditions and potential risks of a bioterrorism action to the dental personnel is new. The purpose of this article is to review general forensic dentistry disaster responses and to address the impact a bioterrorism action might have on primary, secondary and tertiary dental responders. It will also examine the triage role that dental offices might play in the event of such a disaster. PMID:16013679

Glass, R Thomas

2005-04-01

184

The changing face of dentistry: nanotechnology  

PubMed Central

The human body comprises molecules; hence, the availability of molecular nanotechnology will permit dramatic progress to address medical problems and will use molecular knowledge to maintain and improve human health at the molecular scale. Nanomedicine could develop devices that are able to work inside the human body in order to identify the early presence of a disease, and to identify and quantify toxic molecules and tumor cells, for example. Nanodentistry will make possible the maintenance of comprehensive oral health by employing nanomaterials, including tissue engineering and, ultimately, dental nanorobots. This review is an attempt to highlight the possible applications of nanotechnology and the use of nanomaterials in dentistry.

Kanaparthy, Rosaiah; Kanaparthy, Aruna

2011-01-01

185

Probiotics in dentistry: A boon or sham  

PubMed Central

Probiotics are dietary supplements, which have been advocated for the prevention and the treatment of a wide range of diseases. These products consist of beneficial micro-organisms, which stimulate health promoting flora thus, suppressing the pathologic colonization and disease spread. Since, probiotics are now widely used in both medical (such as cancer risk reduction, gastrointestinal tract health, and urinary tract health) and dental specialties (reduction in caries development, in achieving periodontal health, reducing oral malodor, etc.), a thorough understanding of their risks and benefits are essential. This review focuses on the recent trends in use of probiotics in dentistry as well as the potential risks associated with them.

Chopra, Rahul; Mathur, Shivani

2013-01-01

186

Postgraduate general dentistry residency: a clinical model.  

PubMed

Dental graduates today are expected to be knowledgeable in many more areas than their predecessors. Changing technology and increased competition require entering the dental profession with more experience and skills. One approach to achieving this skill level is a postgraduate general dentistry residency in a clinical setting during the year following dental school graduation (PGY1). The clinical residency provides new dentists with additional hands-on training and reinforces classroom learning. HealthPartners was selected as a clinical rotation for residents in the advanced general dentistry program at the University of Minnesota Dental School. The program provides dental graduates in PGY1 training in all areas of practice. The HealthPartners rotation is highly unique. It is a staff model HMO with a clinical, multi-specialty setting. Today, HealthPartners--a Minnesota-based healthcare organization--has 116,000 members with prepaid dental benefits. Residents trained in the program develop increased skills in all areas of dental practice. In addition, they develop a good working knowledge in the basic sciences. Methods of instruction include didactic training in the form of seminars, lectures, and clinical training in HealthPartners' dental clinics. PMID:7593976

Gowan, J

1995-01-01

187

Emerging Trends of Herbal Care in Dentistry  

PubMed Central

Herbs are staging a comeback and herbal ‘renaissance’ is happening all over the globe. The herbal products, today, symbolize safety, in contrast to the synthetics that are regarded as unsafe to humans and the environment. A herb, botanically speaking, is any plant that lacks the woody tissue which is characteristic of shrubs or trees. More specifically, herbs are plants which are used medicinally or for their flavour or scent. Herbs with medicinal properties are a useful and an effective source of treatment for various disease processes. Herbal extracts have been successfully used in dentistry as tooth cleaning and antimicrobial plaque agents. The use of herbal medicines continues to expand rapidly across the world. Many people take herbal medicines or herbal products now for their health care in different national healthcare settings. Herbal extracts have been used in dentistry for reducing inflammation, as antimicrobial plaque agents, for preventing release of histamine and as antiseptics, antioxidants, antimicrobials, antifungals, antibacterials, antivirals and analgesics. They also aid in healing and are effective in controlling microbial plaque in gingivitis and periodontitis, thereby improving immunity.

Kumar, Gunjan; Jalaluddin, Md.; Rout, Purnendu; Mohanty, Rajat; Dileep, C.L.

2013-01-01

188

A Low Distortion 3rd-Order Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulator for a Worldwide Digital TV-Receiver  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a low distortion 3rd-order continuous-time delta-sigma modulator for a worldwide digital TV-receiver whose peak SNDR is 69.8dB and SNR is 70.2dB under 1V power supply. To enhance SNDR performance, the mechanisms to occur harmonic distortions at feedback current-steering DAC and flash ADC have been analyzed. A low power tuning system using RC-relaxation oscillator has been developed in order to achieve high yield against PVT variations. A 3rd-order modulator with modified single opamp resonator contributes to cost reduction by realizing a very compact circuit. Reduction schemes of the distortions enabled the modulator to achieve FOM of 0.18pJ/conv-step.

Obata, Koji; Matsukawa, Kazuo; Mitani, Yosuke; Takayama, Masao; Tokunaga, Yusuke; Sakiyama, Shiro; Dosho, Shiro

189

EconEdLink  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The EconEdLink site was created by the National Council on Economic Education in partnership with MCI. The aim of the site is to create "a portfolio of web sites offering rich academic content" that can be integrated into classroom activities. There are three sections at the site. The CyberTeach section provides links to useful educational web sites and also includes a guide to constructing economics lessons using the Internet. Net Newsline features analyses of current economic issues from economists, and interactive lessons and forums. The Economics Minute section helps students interpret the economics behind the news of the week by linking to news sources, providing classroom discussion questions and suggested classroom activities.

1997-01-01

190

Inside Higher Ed  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The wide, wide, wide world of higher education has found a new chronicler in the form of the Inside Higher Ed website. The group was founded in 2004 by three higher education journalism and recruitment executives who felt that "the time was right for new models of providing information and career services for professionals in academe." First-time visitors should consider signing up to receive the electronic updates, or just browsing through some of the latest news stories. Also, each news story has a place where visitors can chime in with their own opinions, if they so desire. The site also has a good job posting area, so persons looking to make a career move (or secure a first-time position) will want to look at this area of the site closely. Finally, the "Views" section contains some first-hand observations about such topics as blogs, the importance of jobs in far-flung places, and Saul Bellow.

191

Toxicity of Neem Leaves Extract (NLX) Compared With Malathion (57 E.C.) Against Late 3rd Instar Larvae of Culex fatigans (Wild Strain) By WHO Method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the filariaris causing mosquitoes Culex fatigans is considered an important intermediate host in South-East Asia. Toxicity of ethanolic extract of neem leaves (NLX) is compared with an organophosphate pesticide malathion (57 E.C.). The LC50 value of malathion (Sisthion) determined presently is 0.45 ppm against late 3rd instar larvae of Culex fatigans (wild strain) and of neem fraction (NLX) is

Mohammad Arshad AZMI; Syed Naeemul; Hassan NAQVI; Imtiaz AHMAD; Rahila TABASSUM

192

Point-Based System in Clinical Assessment of Operative Dentistry Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Operative Dentistry is a branch of dentistry involving the art and science of diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of defects of teeth. In the two-year Operative Dentistry Course at the Faculty of Dentistry UKM, the students are required to complete a minimum number of clinical treatment using direct restorative materials. The clinical assessment comprises of qualitative and quantitative assessment of the

Safura B; Qamaruz Zaman J

2011-01-01

193

How dentistry should approach its problems: a vote for professionalism.  

PubMed

Dentistry, like all professions, has always had ethical problems to contend with, including societal trust, flagrant advertising, commercialism, and access to care. Although the profession's interest and expertise in ethics has grown enormously in the last three decades, the issues facing dentistry have not really decreased, and perhaps have grown more problematic. Thus, despite the invaluable contributions of ethical progress to the structure and function of our profession, this paper argues that reflective ethics by itself appears unable to exact change. For change to occur, dentistry also needs a broad-based display of enlightened, and ethically-driven but action-oriented professionalism. This existed in the 1830s when U.S. dentistry was in its early stages of becoming thought of as a profession. Using the lessons learned from that period of our history, we need to do the same thing now--not excluding ethics, but working hand in glove with ethics. This paper suggests that, as in the 1830s, dentistry now needs the grassroots attention of its membership. Using recent publications about the importance of "connectedness" in dentistry, guidelines are presented that provide a framework for approaching the problems faced by dentistry and contributing to a more satisfying professional career. PMID:21485344

Rule, James T

2010-01-01

194

[Fundamentals of dentistry for geriatric rehabilitation--an introduction to geriatric dentistry].  

PubMed

The percentage of aged and very old people in the total population is increasing rapidly in industrialized countries. This is an important change which, in particular, affects the areas of dentistry and oral medicine. The problems that this older population group face need to be given more attention and need to be brought more into the forefront of dental and oral medicine. The percentage of the dentate population has increased in Germany, due to the high standard of the dental care. The percentage of the edentulous population has therefore decreased. It has become necessary for those who care for the elderly to adjust to caring for the dentate patient, as opposed to edentulous patient. It is important for all professions involved in the treatment and care of geriatric patients to have an awareness of the basic fundamentals of geriatric dentistry within general rehabilitation. Doctors in particular need to be given training in the detection of caries, peridontal diseases, and denture problems. They should feel confident working with the dentist and his team as partners in the rehabilitation treatment. It is especially important that geriatric hospitals have experience in dentistry and oral hygiene, so that damage to life-long well cared for teeth can be prevented, and so that poor oral hygiene during a hospital stay does not result in dental problems. Dentists and their teams will have to adjust to the treatment of aged and multimorbidic patients. More discussion is also necessary between dentists involved in all areas of geriatric medicine, geriatric dentistry, and geriatric dental public health. PMID:10768266

Nitschke, I

2000-01-01

195

Rebooting the EdD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this essay, Jon Wergin reminds readers of the philosophical and historical foundations of the doctor of education (EdD) degree. He argues that the EdD should be based, in large part, on John Dewey's progressive ideals of democratization and Paulo Freire's concepts of emancipatory education. Drawing on theories of reflective practice,…

Wergin, Jon F.

2011-01-01

196

Provisional restoration options in implant dentistry.  

PubMed

Unlike their use in conventional crown and bridge, provisional restorations during implant therapy have been underutilized. Provisional restorations should be used to evaluate aesthetic, phonetic and occlusal function prior to delivery of the final implant restorations, while preserving and/or enhancing the condition of the peri-implant and gingival tissues. Provisional restorations are useful as a communication tool between members of the treatment team which, in most cases, consists of the restorative clinician, implant surgeons, laboratory technicians, and the patient. This article describes and discusses the various options for provisionalization in implant dentistry. Clinicians should be aware of the different types of provisional restorations and the indications for their use when planning implant retained restorations. PMID:17969293

Santosa, R E

2007-09-01

197

Teaching Clinical Problem Solving in a Preclinical Operative Dentistry Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A method developed at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine for teaching modification of cavity design to large numbers of preclinical students in operative dentistry is reported. It standardizes the learning process for this complex problem-solving skill. (MLW)|

Silvestri, Anthony R., Jr.; Cohen, Steven N.

1981-01-01

198

The art of suggestion: the use of hypnosis in dentistry.  

PubMed

Hypnodontics, or the use of hypnosis in dentistry, is not widely used throughout the dental profession. Many patients seeking to use this therapy to help them access dental treatment are forced to seek treatment from non-clinically trained hypnotherapists. This article aims to explore what hypnosis is, its applications in dentistry and provide a brief insight into how these hypnotic concepts may be put to use in day-to-day dental practice. PMID:22677848

Holden, A

2012-06-08

199

Antibiotic use in dentistry. ADA Council on Scientific Affairs.  

PubMed

Although microbial resistance to antibiotics is increasing rapidly and alarmingly throughout the world, dentistry has been relatively conservative with antibiotic use and probably has not contributed greatly to the problem. The ADA Council on Scientific Affairs has prepared this statement on the use of antibiotics in dentistry to clarify the profession's role in combating the growing microbial resistance to this popular class of drugs. PMID:9150650

1997-05-01

200

Stem cells in Dentistry: knowledge and attitude of Nigerian Dentists  

PubMed Central

Background Several controversies exist about the methods of harvesting and eventual utilization of stem cells in Medicine and Dentistry. The objective of the study was to investigate the awareness, attitude and knowledge of the use of stem cells in Dentistry among Nigerian Dentists. Methods This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted among dentists selected from both private and public health sectors, in some of the major cities in Nigeria. Results The majority of the participants were ?35 years in age, male, Pentecostal Christians, possessed a postgraduate qualification, had practiced for ?5 years and were specialists or specializing. In this study, 153(81.0%) of the participants reported awareness about the use of stem cells in dentistry which was significantly associated with qualification and type of practice. Most of the respondents 114 (60.3%) had a poor knowledge of the use of stem cells in Dentistry. This was significantly associated with type of practice and awareness about stem cell use in dentistry but binary logistic regression showed awareness as the only determinant of knowledge. About three-quarters 142 (75.1%) of the participants exhibited positive attitude towards stem cell use. This had a positive non-significant association with knowledge and reported awareness. Conclusion Data from this study revealed a high level of awareness, positive attitude to and poor knowledge of the use of stem cells in Dentistry among a cross section of Nigerian Dentists.

2013-01-01

201

Preventive Dentistry Conference - Public Health Aspects of Preventive Dentistry, 3-4 March 1983, Fort Sam Houston, Texas.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is the printed proceedings of the 1983 US Army Health Services Command Preventive Dentistry Conference. A series of lectures illustrated the concepts of community diagnosis, community (Treatment) planning, community program operation and pro...

J. E. King

1983-01-01

202

The control of invasive Candida infection in very low birth weight infants by reduction in the use of 3rd generation cephalosporin  

PubMed Central

Purpose To evaluate the effectiveness of new management policies on the incidence of invasive Candida infections Methods This observational study involved a retrospective analysis of the patients' medical records. In total, 99 very low birth weight infants, who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit at Ajou University Hospital from January 2010 to December 2011, were enrolled for the study. Period I, defined as the period before the revision of management policies, comprised 57 infants; whereas, period II, defined as the period after the implementation of new management policies, comprised 42 infants. The new management policies entailed a reduction in antibiotic and histamine type 2 receptor blocker (H2 blocker) use, duration of central venous catheterization, and duration of endotracheal intubation. Results There was a significant overall decrease in the use of antibiotics including 3rd generation cephalosporin and H2 blockers (P<0.05), and a significantly lower incidence of invasive Candida infections in period II as compared to period I (0/42 vs. 6/57, respectively; P=0.037). Comparison between infants with invasive Candida infections (n=6) and those without (n=93) showed that gestational age (odds ratio [OR], 0.909; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.829 to 0.996; P=0.042) and the duration of 3rd generation cephalosporin use (OR, 1.093; 95% CI, 1.009 to 1.183; P=0.029) were statistically significant risk factors. Conclusion The new management policies effectively decreased overall use of antibiotics, especially 3rd generation cephalosporin, and H2 blockers, which led to a significantly lower incidence of invasive Candida infections.

Chang, Yu Jin; Choi, Il Rak; Shin, Won Sub; Kim, Yun Kyung; Park, Moon Sung

2013-01-01

203

[Evaluation of surface disinfectants utilized in dentistry].  

PubMed

Surface disinfection is a procedure carried out on the external parts of the dental equipment as well as on other items of the dental office. The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy of 4 surface disinfectants utilized in dentistry: 77 degrees GL alcohol, phenolic compound (Duplofen), iodophor (PVP-I) and 77 degrees GL alcohol with 5% of chlorhexidine. Four surfaces of the equipment were analyzed in the study (the carter, the washbasin for hand-washing, the headrest of the chair and the external surface of the reflector), and the spray-wipe-spray procedure was carried out. From each surface, samples were collected by means of surface plates containing Mitis Salivarius bacitracin sucrose agar, Sabouraud Dextrose agar with chloramphenicol, MacConkey agar and blood agar, for counting mutans streptococci, Candida yeasts, gram-negative bacteria and total microorganisms, respectively (ufc/plate). The results were statistically analyzed by means of the Student's t test in order to compare the mean ufc/plate values. The most effective disinfectant was 77 degrees GL alcohol with 5% of chlorhexidine, mainly against gram-positive bacteria. Iodophor and phenolic compound were also effective in microbial reduction. 77 degrees GL alcohol was the least effective product - however, although it is not considered as a surface disinfectant, it produced, in this study, statistically significant microbial reduction after the disinfecting procedure. PMID:12131982

Silva, Célia Regina Gonçalves e; Jorge, Antonio Olavo Cardoso

204

Management of Pregnant Patient in Dentistry  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this article is to update general dentists and maxillofacial surgeons in the perioperative management of the pregnant patient. Pregnancy results in physiologic changes in almost all organ systems in the body mediated mainly by hormones; which influences the treatment schedule. Understanding these normal changes is essential for providing quality care for pregnant women. The general principles that apply in this situation are discussed, followed by the relevant physiologic changes and their treatment implications, the risks of various medications to the mother and fetus, the management of concomitant medical problems in the pregnant patient, appropriate timing of oral and maxillofacial surgery during pregnancy, and management of emergencies during pregnancy. Information about the compatibility, complications, and excretion of the common drugs during pregnancy is provided. Guidelines for the management of a pregnant patient in the dental office are summarized. How to cite this article: Kurien S, Kattimani V S, Sriram R, Sriram S K, Prabhakar Rao V K, Bhupathi A, Bodduru R, Patil N N. Management of Pregnant Patient in Dentistry. J Int Oral Health 2013; 5(1):88-97.

Kurien, Sophia; Kattimani, Vivekanand S; Sriram, Roopa Rani; Sriram, Sanjay Krishna; Rao V K, Prabhakara; Bhupathi, Anitha; Bodduru, Rupa Rani; N Patil, Namrata

2013-01-01

205

What is different in operative dentistry?  

PubMed

There have been both large and small changes in operative dentistry in the last 30 years. Extension for prevention is no longer the mantra. The design features of amalgam preparations have moved into the smallest preparations possible to gain full access to the carious dentin. The default Class 2 amalgam or resin composite is a slot preparation with no preparation of the occlusal fissures. Class 1 fissure caries once implied the entire fissure system was to be cut out. Now only the known carious portions of the fissure are cut away, the tooth is restored, and the remaining fissures in that tooth are sealed. Resin composite preparations have no depth requirements and saucer shaped boxes are more favorable for lowering shrinkage strains on the bonded walls. Re-mineralization of proximal lesions that can be seen on a radiograph is now a proven successful service for many lesions that are at or just into the dentin by radiographic interpretation. The largest paradigm shift has been in the decision that in vital teeth with normal pulps soft dentin can be left over a vital asymptomatic pulp with every expectation that the direct restoration will be successful long term. PMID:20391946

Overton, J D

2010-03-01

206

Ceramics in Restorative and Prosthetic DENTISTRY1  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This review is intended to provide the ceramic engineer with information about the history and current use of ceramics in dentistry, contemporary research topics, and potential research agenda. Background material includes intra-oral design considerations, descriptions of ceramic dental components, and the origin, composition, and microstructure of current dental ceramics. Attention is paid to efforts involving net-shape processing, machining as a forming method, and the analysis of clinical failure. A rationale is presented for the further development of all-ceramic restorative systems. Current research topics receiving attention include microstructure/processing/property relationships, clinical failure mechanisms and in vitro testing, wear damage and wear testing, surface treatments, and microstructural modifications. The status of the field is critically reviewed with an eye toward future work. Significant improvements seem possible in the clinical use of ceramics based on engineering solutions derived from the study of clinically failed restorations, on the incorporation of higher levels of "biomimicry" in new systems, and on the synergistic developments in dental cements and adhesive dentin bonding.

Kelly, J. Robert

1997-08-01

207

78 FR 26053 - Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting In accordance with section 10(a...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry (ACTPCMD). Dates and Times: May 20, 2013 (8:30...

2013-05-03

208

75 FR 33329 - Notice of Inventory Completion: New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...University College of Dentistry, New York, NY AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior...University College of Dentistry, New York, NY. The human remains were removed from the cemetery at Kienuka, Niagara County, NY. This notice is published as part of...

2010-06-11

209

Patient stratification for preventive care in dentistry.  

PubMed

Prevention reduces tooth loss, but little evidence supports biannual preventive care for all adults. We used risk-based approaches to test tooth loss association with 1 vs. 2 annual preventive visits in high-risk (HiR) and low-risk (LoR) patients. Insurance claims for 16 years for 5,117 adults were evaluated retrospectively for tooth extraction events. Patients were classified as HiR for progressive periodontitis if they had ? 1 of the risk factors (RFs) smoking, diabetes, interleukin-1 genotype; or as LoR if no RFs. LoR event rates were 13.8% and 16.4% for 2 or 1 annual preventive visits (absolute risk reduction, 2.6%; 95%CI, 0.5% to 5.8%; p = .092). HiR event rates were 16.9% and 22.1% for 2 and 1 preventive visits (absolute risk reduction, 5.2%; 95%CI, 1.8% to 8.4%; p = .002). Increasing RFs increased events (p < .001). Oral health care costs were not increased by any single RF, regardless of prevention frequency (p > .41), but multiple RFs increased costs vs. no (p < .001) or 1 RF (p = .001). For LoR individuals, the association between preventive dental visits and tooth loss was not significantly different whether the frequency was once or twice annually. A personalized medicine approach combining gene biomarkers with conventional risk factors to stratify populations may be useful in resource allocation for preventive dentistry (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01584479). PMID:23752171

Giannobile, W V; Braun, T M; Caplis, A K; Doucette-Stamm, L; Duff, G W; Kornman, K S

2013-06-10

210

Dental education and dentistry system in Iran.  

PubMed

Before 1979, there were only 5 undergraduate dental schools in Iran with a total admission of 200 students per year, and only 2,000 dentists and about 50 specialists practicing in the country. Currently, there are 18 dental schools with a total admission of 750 undergraduate students, 5 postgraduate programs in 10 disciplines with a total of 100 students, more than 11,000 dentists (1 dentist per 5,500 population) and nearly 1,000 specialists in the country. Two new schools have recently begun offering specialty training courses in 2 disciplines. The length of the dentistry curriculum is 6 years. Students take general and basic science courses during the first 2 years, then continue on the predental and dental courses for the remaining 4 years. The curriculum has been revised over the past 20 years to establish intership and specialty programs and introduce courses reflecting current trends in the dental profession. Dental services in Iran are provided by both public and private sectors. Oral health care was integrated into the Public Health Care network by 1997, and 4 levels of a Dental Health Care Delivery System were established. The first level is concerned with primary prevention at 'health houses', where auxiliary health workers called 'behvarzes' provide periodic examinations, referrals, and oral health education. At the next level, oral hygienists and dentists in 'health centers' perform basic oral health care services such as fillings, scaling, and extraction. At the third level, dentists manage and treat oral diseases in 'urban health centers', while the last level is for advanced treatment by specialists in university health centers in the cities. PMID:12707502

Pakshir, Hamid Reza

2003-01-01

211

A new paradigm for operative dentistry  

PubMed Central

It is over 100 years since G V black gathered together most of the knowledge then current on the caries process and set clear parameters for the discipline of operative dentistry. His four-volume treatise set standards that were relevant for the times and, in fact, were so well described that they remained dominant in this discipline until quite recently. However, over the last 50 years there has been great progress in scientific method and in knowledge of the common diseases of the oral environment, including the caries process, so maybe it is time for change. The term “paradigm” describes a philosophy of science, a generally accepted model of how ideas relate to one another, forming a conceptual framework within which scientific research is carried out. Black defined the paradigm within which further research was to be conducted during the following years and the profession accepted his lead. However, it is not expected that the parameters of a profession should remain unchanged over a substantial period so it is suggested that the dental profession should, at this time, recognize a new paradigm. Improvements in scientific method have led to a better understanding of the oral environment, resulting in extensive changes for this profession. It is suggested that the standards set by Black should be now consigned to history and an entirely new paradigm adopted. First, the profession must recognize that dental caries is a bacterial disease and its primary efforts should be directed towards identification and elimination of the disease prior to initiating repair of the damage that it has caused. Preservation of natural tooth structure is then the next responsibility. There should be maximum use made of preventive strategies, including remineralization, followed by minimal intervention cavity designs and the use of bioactive restorative materials to restore the lesions. The profession should be prepared to move on.

Mount, Graham J

2008-01-01

212

Solyman Brown, a giant of dentistry and its poet laureate.  

PubMed

Solyman Brown 1790-1876), widely hailed by his contemporary literary establishment as the poet laureate of dentistry," was one of the visionary individuals who put dentistry on a true foundation of professionalism. He was instrumental in the formation of the first dental journal, the first national dental society, and the first dental school. He is one of the true giants in the history of American dentistry. Solyman Brown's great-great-grandson was cleaning out his father's attic and found a trunk full of original material relating to his illustrious forebear. Among the wealth of material was a notebook kept by Solyman's daughter, Augusta. Selections from it give us a rare personal insight into the type of person this significant dental historical figure was, as well as the struggles he endured in his hard life. PMID:12002252

Ring, Malvin E

2002-03-01

213

Black triangle dilemma and its management in esthetic dentistry  

PubMed Central

In recent years, clinician and dentist's esthetic demand in dentistry have increased rapidly, driven by an enhanced awareness of beauty and esthetics. The ultimate goal in modern restorative dentistry is to achieve “white” and “pink” esthetics in esthetically important zones. “White esthetics” is the natural dentition or the restoration of dental hard tissues with suitable materials. “Pink esthetics” refers to the surrounding soft-tissues, which includes the interdental papilla and gingiva that can enhance or diminish the esthetic result. Reconstruction of the lost interdental papilla is one of the most challenging and least predictable problems. Restoration and maintenance of these tissues with adequate surgical and prosthetic techniques are a real challenge in modern esthetic dentistry. Treatment of marginal tissue recession, excessive gingival display, deficient ridges, ridge collapse, and esthetic defects around teeth and implants are some of the esthetic problems associated with the interdental papilla that have to be corrected in todays scenario which has been discussed in this review.

Singh, Vijendra P.; Uppoor, Ashita S.; Nayak, Dilip G.; Shah, Dipen

2013-01-01

214

Is dentistry destined to follow medicine in managed care?  

PubMed

Our professional calling is to assist our patients in reaching and maintaining a state of good oral health. If managed care assists in that effort, that's good. However, if we can identify and eliminate poor dental HMOs and identify the quality plans, dentistry will begin to realize that keeping people well can be as financially and professionally rewarding as treating disease. Is dentistry headed down the same path as medicine? Unfortunately, the answer is not clear. What is clear is that managed care is here and will impact significantly on dentistry, both positively and negatively. An opportunity exists to mold managed care into a form that is acceptable to dentists and improve the oral health of Americans on a cost-effective basis. However, we as dentists must act, and react, in a rational and logical manner if we are to have a voice in shaping the future of dental benefits and how they will be provided. PMID:9161147

Mayes, D; Mayes, J

215

A Kinesthetic Learning Approach to Earth Science for 3rd and 4th Grade Students on the Pajarito Plateau, Los Alamos, NM  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current efforts towards Earth Science literacy in New Mexico are guided by the New Mexico Science Benchmarks [1]. We are geoscience professionals in Los Alamos, NM who believe there is an important role for non-traditional educators utilizing innovative teaching methods. We propose to further Earth Science literacy for local 3rd and 4th grade students using a kinesthetic learning approach, with the goal of fostering an interactive relationship between the students and their geologic environment. We will be working in partnership with the Pajarito Environmental Education Center (PEEC), which teaches the natural heritage of the Pajarito Plateau to 3rd and 4th grade students from the surrounding area, as well as the Family YMCA’s Adventure Programs Director. The Pajarito Plateau provides a remarkable geologic classroom because minimal structural features complicate the stratigraphy and dramatic volcanic and erosional processes are plainly on display and easily accessible. Our methodology consists of two approaches. First, we will build an interpretive display of the local geology at PEEC that will highlight prominent rock formations and geologic processes seen on a daily basis. It will include a simplified stratigraphic section with field specimens and a map linked to each specimen’s location to encourage further exploration. Second, we will develop and implement a kinesthetic curriculum for an exploratory field class. Active engagement with geologic phenomena will take place in many forms, such as a scavenger hunt for precipitated crystals in the vesicles of basalt flows and a search for progressively smaller rhyodacite clasts scattered along an actively eroding canyon. We believe students will be more receptive to origin explanations when they possess a piece of the story. Students will be provided with field books to make drawings of geologic features. This will encourage independent assessment of phenomena and introduce the skill of scientific observation. We expect students to develop comprehension of basic geologic concepts and processes such as erosion and sediment transport, caldera formation, ash flows, crystallization and volcanic cooling features. More importantly, we hope students will become excited about their geologic environment and pursue further engagement. We will attempt to quantify student comprehension and engagement by administering simple questionnaires before and after exposure to both the PEEC display and the field class. ____________________________________________________________ [1] New Mexico Science Content Standards, Benchmarks, and Performance Standards. Approved 2003, New Mexico State Department of Education. 3rd Grade Benchmark: “Know that Earth’s features are constantly changed by a combination of slow and rapid processes that include the action of volcanoes, earthquakes, mountain building, biological changes, erosion, and weathering” 4th Grade Benchmark: “Know that the properties of rocks and minerals reflect the processes that shaped them (i.e., igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks)”

Wershow, H. N.; Green, M.; Stocker, A.; Staires, D.

2010-12-01

216

75 FR 52021 - Notice of Inventory Completion: New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Completion: New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY AGENCY: National Park...of the New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY. The human remains were...made by New York University College of Dentistry professional staff in consultation...

2010-08-24

217

77 FR 42507 - Notice of Inventory Completion: New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Completion: New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY AGENCY: National Park...The New York University College of Dentistry has completed an inventory of human remains...contact the New York University College of Dentistry. Disposition of the human remains...

2012-07-19

218

75 FR 33329 - Notice of Inventory Completion: New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Completion: New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY AGENCY: National Park...of the New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY. The human remains were...by the New York University College of Dentistry professional staff in consultation...

2010-06-11

219

75 FR 33327 - Notice of Inventory Completion: New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Completion: New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY AGENCY: National Park...of the New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY. The human remains were...by the New York University College of Dentistry professional staff in consultation...

2010-06-11

220

77 FR 42508 - Notice of Inventory Completion: New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Completion: New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY AGENCY: National Park...The New York University College of Dentistry has completed an inventory of human remains...contact the New York University College of Dentistry. Repatriation of the human remains...

2012-07-19

221

Modeling distributed feedback GaAs-based lasers in dentistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Distributed-feedback gallium-arsenide-based lasers with metal-gratings can generate stable wavelength at 980nm for applications in dentistry. This model uses the periodic optical waveguide method to calculate the coupling coefficient, which is a key parameter of laser performance. This model shows how the optical, geometrical, and material parameters depending on each other and how they affect the coupling coefficients in the laser waveguides. Numerical results compare the coupling coefficients of 980 nm lasers with those of 810 nm lasers. The modeling processes, including results, discussions, and physical interpretations, help to design and analyze lasers for more clinical and research applications in dentistry.

Shih, Meng-Mu

2012-02-01

222

Biologic width and its importance in periodontal and restorative dentistry  

PubMed Central

An adequate understanding of the relationship between periodontal tissues and restorative dentistry is paramount to ensure adequate form, function, esthetics and comfort of the dentition. While most clinicians are aware of this important relationship, uncertainty remains regarding specific concepts such as biologic width, its maintenance and applications of crown lengthening in cases of biologic width violation. Relevant publications regarding biologic width, its violation and management were identified up to August 2011 using manual and electronic database search in Medline, Embase, Directory of Open Access Journals and Google Scholar. This review discusses the concept of biologic width around tooth and its relationship to periodontal health and restorative dentistry.

Nugala, Babitha; Kumar, BB Santosh; Sahitya, S; Krishna, P Mohana

2012-01-01

223

Evaluation of Tier 5 Medical Training Initiative opportunities in dentistry.  

PubMed

This paper reviews the first two years of overseas postgraduate dental placements in the UK under the Medical Training Initiative (MTI), which is part of Tier 5 government authorised exchange. Details of the objectives of the programme, the trainees appointed, specialty areas studied and length of training are described. The methods used for assessing the training are reported. It is concluded that the objectives of the MTI have been met in dentistry and that Tier 5 provides a valuable opportunity for establishing international links in postgraduate clinical dentistry. PMID:22402542

Wilson, M A; Burke, M

2012-03-09

224

Thirty years of socialistic health care: dentistry in Hungary.  

PubMed

The present status of dentistry in Hungary can be understood better through the country's political and economic history. Circumstances led to the development of a primarily socialistic form of health care. However, the mere existence of the private practice of dentistry in the system attests to the incomplete success of socialism in providing for the dental health needs of its citizens. As Americans confront national health issues, an examination of other modes of health care delivery is important to minimize mistakes and optimize benefits. PMID:6929833

Stolpa, J B

1980-06-01

225

Comprehensive risk reduction in patients with atrial fibrillation: Emerging diagnostic and therapeutic options. Executive summary of the report from the 3rd AFNET/EHRA consensus conference.  

PubMed

There are exciting new developments in several areas of atrial fibrillation (AF) management that carry the hope of improving outcomes in AF patients. This paper is an executive summary that summarises the proceedings from the 3rd AFNET/EHRA consensus conference on atrial fibrillation, held in Sophia Antipolis from November 7th to 9th 2010, shortly after the release of the new ESC guidelines on AF. The conference was jointly organised by the German Atrial Fibrillation competence NETwork (AFNET) and the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA). This executive summary report covers four sections: 1. Risk factors and risk markers for AF, 2. Pathophysiological classification of AF, 3. Relevance of monitored AF duration for AF-related outcomes, and 4. Perspectives and needs for implementing better antithrombotic therapy. PMID:22048744

Kirchhof, Paulus; Lip, Gregory Y H; Van Gelder, Isabelle C; Bax, Jeroen; Hylek, Elaine; Kääb, Stefan; Schotten, Ulrich; Wegscheider, Karl; Boriani, Giuseppe; Ezekowitz, Michael; Diener, Hans; Heidbuchel, Hein; Lane, Deirdre; Mont, Luis; Willems, Stephan; Dorian, Paul; Vardas, Panos; Breithardt, Günter; Camm, A John

2011-11-02

226

Cardiospecificity of the 3 rd generation cardiac troponin T assay during and after a 216 km ultra-endurance marathon run in Death Valley  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\u000a   The reasons\\u000a for the appearance of cardiacspecific\\u000a troponin (cTnT) after\\u000a strenuous exercise are unclear. The\\u000a aim of the present study was to\\u000a evaluate the cardiospecificity of the\\u000a 3rd generation cardiac cTnT assay\\u000a during and after an ultra-endurance\\u000a race of 216 km at extreme\\u000a environmental conditions in Death\\u000a Valley.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Study design and methods\\u000a   We measured serially cTnT, creatine\\u000a kinase (CK),

H. J. Roth; R. M. Leithäuser; H. Doppelmayr; M. Doppelmayr; H. Finkernagel; S. P. von Duvillard; S. Korff; H. A. Katus; Evangelos Giannitsis; R. Beneke

2007-01-01

227

The HaloEd Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The HaloEd Project is a web site dedicated to biotechnology education using Halobacteria, halophilic bacteria that live in the hypersaline environments of the world. The site lists why Halobacteria are ideal for classroom education, offers a teacher's nook, and includes numerous references pertaining to the characteristics and biotechnological uses of halophiles.

Dassarma, Shiladitya; Center Of Marine Biotechnology, University O.

228

AAMC MedEdPORTAL  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

MedEdPORTAL is a free peer-reviewed publication service and repository for medical and oral health teaching materials, assessment tools, and faculty development resources. All copyright and patient privacy issues are addressed during the submission process so users around the globe can download and utilize any and all of the published resources for educational purposes without legal infringements.

Colleges, The A.

2008-01-01

229

Icons of dentistry: Dr Leon Eisenbud.  

PubMed

Dentistry has a long, often well documented history. Evidence of tooth pullings has been discovered in crude carvings on the walls of caves that are over 10,000 years old. The ancient Egyptians, the Athenians, and the early inhabitants of Rome required oral health care; in addition to tooth extractions, they underwent tumor removal, tamponade for hemorrhage, reduction of jaw fractures with gold wire ligatures, cautery using white hot platinum loops, and an additional variety of remedies and nostrums. Pain relief was offered, with courses of treatment as varied as postural change, alteration of ambient temperature, and vegetable and organic medicines in poultices or via oral and rectal routes. Through the centuries, great surgeons and physicians introduced various methods of treatment: Hippocrates codified ethical standards; Maimonides established pragmatic rules for physicians; LeFort categorized facial fractures; Pasteur clarified the need for sterilization; Semmelweis standardized antiseptic conditions in the operating theater; Morton and Wells discovered safer methods of analgesia; Freud explored the theraupeutic uses of narcotics; Roentgen championed X-ray imaging; Curie pioneered the use of chemotherapy; and Barton and Nightingale were models of empathy and patient care. In more recent times, we have profited from the genius of Watson and Crick (DNA); Fleming (penicillin); Venable and Stuck (Chrome-cobalt--molybdenum alloy); Gershkoff and Goldberg (the subperiosteal implant); Chercheve, Branemark, Linkow, Misch, Tatum, and Niznick (innovative root forms, titanium and its alloys, and sinus floor grafting). The 20th century has brought to us phenomenal imaging, breathtaking intrauterine fetal surgery, wildly promising stem cell research, and astonishing CADCAM techniques. We've had great teachers and clinicians who have introduced us to new forms of therapy and advanced methods, including the role of the hemidesmasomes, the essential elements of bone grafting, the importance of microscopic analysis, and the benefits to patients of physical diagnosis by their dentists. To recognize and celebrate some of my heroes' contributions to the health and well-being of humankind, editorials will occasionally appear on these pages that explore their various contributions. PMID:16704105

Cranin, A Norman

2006-01-01

230

Access block and ED overcrowding.  

PubMed

Prospective and retrospective access block hospital intervention studies from 1998 to 2008 were reviewed to assess the evidence for interventions around access block and ED overcrowding, including over 220 documents reported in Medline and data extracted from The State of our Public Hospitals Reports. There is an estimated 20-30% increased mortality rate due to access block and ED overcrowding. The main causes are major increases in hospital admissions and ED presentations, with almost no increase in the capacity of hospitals to meet this demand. The rate of available beds in Australia reduced from 2.6 beds per 1000 (1998-1999) to 2.4 beds per 1000 (2002-2007) in 2002, and has remained steady at between 2.5-2.6 beds per 1000. In the same period, the number of ED visits increased over 77% from 3.8 million to 6.74 million. Similarly, the number of public hospital admissions increased at an average rate of 3.4% per year from 3.7 to 4.7 million. Compared with 1998-1999 rates, the number of available beds in 2006-2007 is thus similar (2.65 vs 2.6 beds per 1000), but the number of ED presentations has almost doubled. All patient groups are affected by access block. Access block interventions may temporarily reduce some of the symptoms of access block, but many measures are not sustainable. The root cause of the problem will remain unless hospital capacity is addressed in an integrated approach at both national and state levels. PMID:20534047

Forero, Roberto; Hillman, Kenneth M; McCarthy, Sally; Fatovich, Daniel M; Joseph, Anthony P; Richardson, Drew B

2010-04-01

231

Fibrous composite materials in dentistry and orthopaedics: review and applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this report, the usage of fibrous composite materials in dentistry and orthopaedics is reviewed. Furthermore, the authors introduced functionally graded composite dental post, aesthetic composite archwires and brackets, and braided carbon\\/PEEK composite compression bone plate. Functionally graded composite dental post has continuously varied stiffness and this function successfully solved stress concentration at the root. Aesthetic composite archwires made of

K Fujihara; K Teo; R Gopal; P. L Loh; V. K Ganesh; S Ramakrishna; K. W. C Foong; C. L Chew

2004-01-01

232

Using Principles of Human Development in Teaching Geriatric Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An approach to curriculum design for geriatric dentistry that incorporates an understanding of the students' own developmental stages into instructional activities is outlined, and the University of Mississippi's experience with this strategy is evaluated. An important element is to help students crystallize their value systems with regard to the…

Mahan, J. Maurice; And Others

1983-01-01

233

Attitudes of Operative Dentistry Faculty toward Rubber Dam Isolation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Dental faculty responses (N=332) to a survey concerning use of rubber dams for excluding fluids from the working field in operative dentistry procedures indicated students receive adequate instruction in rubber dam use and are proficient at graduation, though motivating students to its use is problematic and patient resistance a factor. (MSE)|

Brackett, William W.; And Others

1989-01-01

234

Accuracy of Measurement of Clinical Performance in Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was concerned with reliability and accuracy of measurement of clinical performance in operative dentistry. The influences on reliability and accuracy of the nature of the rating scale (that is, the number and the specificity of scale points), the extent of clinical experience of the rater, and the training of raters were investigated.…

Houpt, Milton I.; Kress, Gerard

235

Identifying Expertise for CAL Program Development in Operative Dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper describes how the Critical Decision Method, a cognitive task analysis technique, was used to elicit expertise on complex amalgam restorations from four operative dentistry specialists. Nine key decision points related expertise reported as operational strategies, and consequences were identified through the elicitation process. The expertise was then used to form the basis for designing a set of

B. l. William Wong; Betty P. Ng; S A. Clark

236

Expert Opinions on Nutrition Issues in Clinical Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A survey of 79 experts in dental nutrition sought consensus on the appropriate scope of nutrition in clinical dentistry. Results support the need for greater attention to nutrition issues in dental schools and better models for nutrition interventions in dental practice. (Author/MSE)|

Palmer, Carole A.; And Others

1990-01-01

237

Critical Issues for Dentistry: PGD Program Directors Respond.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed directors of programs in postgraduate education in general dentistry (PGD) about critical issues facing their programs. Identified 12 themes: lack of postdoctoral applicants; student quality; professionalism and attitudes; number of postdoctoral positions; lack of funding; quality of facilities; special patient care; program curriculum;…

Atchison, Kathryn A.; Cheffetz, Susan E.

2002-01-01

238

Critical Issues for Dentistry: PGD Program Directors Respond  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discussion of critical issues facing postgraduate education in general dentistry (PGD) and dental education in general has been intense in the past decade. This study reports on critical issues raised by directors of PGD programs that may help direct future research and action within dental education and the larger profession. The analysis reports responses to an open-ended question sent to

Kathryn A. Atchison; Susan E. Cheffetz

239

Military and VA General Dentistry Training: A National Resource.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared the program characteristics of the postgraduate general dentistry (PGD) training programs sponsored by the military and the Veterans Health Administration (VA). Gathered information on program infrastructure and emphasis, resident preparation prior to entering the program, and patients served and types of services provided. Programs…

Atchison, Kathryn A.; Bachand, William; Buchanan, C. Richard; Lefever, Karen H.; Lin, Sylvia; Engelhardt, Rita

2002-01-01

240

Critical Issues for Dentistry: PGD Program Directors Respond.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Surveyed directors of programs in postgraduate education in general dentistry (PGD) about critical issues facing their programs. Identified 12 themes: lack of postdoctoral applicants; student quality; professionalism and attitudes; number of postdoctoral positions; lack of funding; quality of facilities; special patient care; program curriculum;…

Atchison, Kathryn A.; Cheffetz, Susan E.

2002-01-01

241

A Distance Learning Program in Advanced General Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a University of Kentucky program in advanced general dentistry offered by compressed video and computer in remote areas of the state. Topics discussed include program development, the technology, instructional design principles used, student recruitment, program evaluation, student evaluation, faculty evaluation, laboratory exercises,…

Smith, Timothy A.; Raybould, Ted P.; Hardison, J. David

1998-01-01

242

Military and VA General Dentistry Training: A National Resource.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compared the program characteristics of the postgraduate general dentistry (PGD) training programs sponsored by the military and the Veterans Health Administration (VA). Gathered information on program infrastructure and emphasis, resident preparation prior to entering the program, and patients served and types of services provided. Programs…

Atchison, Kathryn A.; Bachand, William; Buchanan, C. Richard; Lefever, Karen H.; Lin, Sylvia; Engelhardt, Rita

2002-01-01

243

University-Industry Relationships in Dentistry: Past, Present, Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents an overview of the evolution of academic-industry partnerships in dentistry and their value to each of the partners; discusses details to be considered by investigators seeking to work with industry; and reviews some of the issues and dilemmas that can arise from academic-industry interactions. (EV)|

Barnett, Michael L.

2002-01-01

244

A Distance Learning Program in Advanced General Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a University of Kentucky program in advanced general dentistry offered by compressed video and computer in remote areas of the state. Topics discussed include program development, the technology, instructional design principles used, student recruitment, program evaluation, student evaluation, faculty evaluation, laboratory exercises,…

Smith, Timothy A.; Raybould, Ted P.; Hardison, J. David

1998-01-01

245

University-Industry Relationships in Dentistry: Past, Present, Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of the evolution of academic-industry partnerships in dentistry and their value to each of the partners; discusses details to be considered by investigators seeking to work with industry; and reviews some of the issues and dilemmas that can arise from academic-industry interactions. (EV)

Barnett, Michael L.

2002-01-01

246

Ceramics in dentistry: Historical roots and current perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a brief history of dental ceramics and offers perspectives on recent research aimed at the further development of ceramics for clinical use, at their evaluation and selection, and very importantly, their clinical performance. Innovative ceramic materials and ceramics processing strategies that were introduced to restorative dentistry since the early 1980s are discussed. Notable research is highlighted regarding

J. Robert Kelly; Ichiro Nishimura; Stephen D Campbell

1996-01-01

247

The current status of laser applications in dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

A range of lasers is now available for use in dentistry. This paper summarizes key current and emerging applications for lasers in clinical practice. A major diagnostic application of low power lasers is the detection of caries, using fluorescence elicited from hydroxyapatite or from bacterial by-products. Laser fluorescence is an effective method for detecting and quantifying incipient occlusal and cervical

LJ Walsh

2003-01-01

248

Occupational Health Problems in Modern Dentistry: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite numerous technical advances in recent years, many occupational health problems still persist in modern dentistry. These include percutaneous exposure incidents (PEI); exposure to infectious diseases (including bioaerosols), radiation, dental materials, and noise; musculoskeletal disorders; dermatitis and respiratory disorders; eye injuries; and psychological problems. PEI remain a particular concern, as there is an almost constant risk of exposure to serious

Peter A. LEGGAT; Ureporn KEDJARUNE; Derek R. SMITH

2007-01-01

249

Education, regulation, representation and remuneration in dentistry – who does what?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dentistry in the United Kingdom demands a wide range of supportive and regulative bodies, the roles of which are intertwined, overlapping and changeable. The interaction between these bodies is not always clear, and often the present-day role of the body is far removed from its original purpose. Consequently, the system can appear daunting and opaque. Even so, a thorough understanding

T. Pepper; N. L. Fisher; S. Tabiat-Pour

2011-01-01

250

Healthcare-associated viral and bacterial infections in dentistry  

PubMed Central

Infection prevention in dentistry is an important topic that has gained more interest in recent years and guidelines for the prevention of cross-transmission are common practice in many countries. However, little is known about the real risks of cross-transmission, specifically in the dental healthcare setting. This paper evaluated the literature to determine the risk of cross-transmission and infection of viruses and bacteria that are of particular relevance in the dental practice environment. Facts from the literature on HSV, VZV, HIV, Hepatitis B, C and D viruses, Mycobacterium spp., Pseudomonas spp., Legionella spp. and multi-resistant bacteria are presented. There is evidence that Hepatitis B virus is a real threat for cross-infection in dentistry. Data for the transmission of, and infection with, other viruses or bacteria in dental practice are scarce. However, a number of cases are probably not acknowledged by patients, healthcare workers and authorities. Furthermore, cross-transmission in dentistry is under-reported in the literature. For the above reasons, the real risks of cross-transmission are likely to be higher. There is therefore a need for prospective longitudinal research in this area, to determine the real risks of cross-infection in dentistry. This will assist the adoption of effective hygiene procedures in dental practice.

Laheij, A.M.G.A.; Kistler, J.O.; Belibasakis, G.N.; Valimaa, H.; de Soet, J.J.

2012-01-01

251

Attitudes of Operative Dentistry Faculty toward Rubber Dam Isolation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dental faculty responses (N=332) to a survey concerning use of rubber dams for excluding fluids from the working field in operative dentistry procedures indicated students receive adequate instruction in rubber dam use and are proficient at graduation, though motivating students to its use is problematic and patient resistance a factor. (MSE)

Brackett, William W.; And Others

1989-01-01

252

Retrospective Review of Voluntary Reports of Nonsurgical Paresthesia in Dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Paresthesia is an adverse event that may be associated with the administra- tion of local anesthetics in dentistry. The purpose of this retrospective study was to ana- lyze cases of paresthesia associated with local anesthetic injection that were voluntarily reported to Ontario's Professional Liability Program (PLP) from 1999 to 2008 inclusive, to see if the findings were consistent with

Andrew S. Gaffen; Daniel A. Haas

253

Psychology and dentistry: Potential benefits from a health care liaison  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of expanding research in psychological aspects of dentistry have appeared mainly in dental journals. The present article calls these developments to the attention of the psychological community and suggests areas in which psychologists from various specialties can contribute to them. It is noted that the \\

Ronald A. Kleinknecht; Robert K. Klepac; Douglas A. Bernstein

1976-01-01

254

Mental Health Services in a School of Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a rationale for and description of psychological services in the areas of consultation and education for university dental students at the University of Mississippi School of Dentistry. The paper notes several factors pointing to the need for such services: first, while dental professionals and students are disinclined to seek…

Brown, James C.

255

Pay for performance in dentistry: what we know  

PubMed Central

Little is known about the effect of a Pay for Performance system (P4P) on primary medical care providers and even less is known about its potential impact in dentistry. Based on the growing acceptance of performance-based reimbursements in medicine and the dissemination of innovative technologies, structures, and processes of care from medical to dental services, it is likely that the dental profession will face performance-based payments in the not-too-distant future. In this paper, we present the current experience of P4P in primary medical care that has relevance to dentistry and discuss the dental performance-based programs to date. Taking into consideration these lessons, the structure of dental service delivery in the US, and the paucity of evidence-based quality indicators in dentistry, we provide several guidelines for the design of P4P pilot programs for dental services. We conclude that large-scale implementation of P4P for dentistry may not be a realistic option before significant progress is achieved in quality of dental care indicators.

Voinea-Griffin, Andreea; Rindal, D. Brad; Fellows, Jeffrey L.; Barasch, Andrei; Gilbert, Gregg H.; Safford, Monika M.

2010-01-01

256

Complications of transesophageal echocardiography in the ED  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complication rate of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) performed in clinical settings outside the emergency department (ED) has been reported to be 1% to 3%. The rate of complications of performing TEE in the ED has not been established. The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of complications associated TEE with carried out on ED patients, and to

Mark A Gendreau; Wayne R Triner; Joel Bartfield

1999-01-01

257

ED overcrowding in Taiwan: Facts and strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to quantity the extent of emergency department (ED) overcrowding in Taiwan and to identify possible solutions. The ED log was reviewed for all patients who presented to the National Taiwan University Hospital's ED from January 16, 1996 through February 15, 1996. Charts from patients held longer than 72 hours were reviewed. Among 5,810 patients,

Fuh-Yuan Shih; Matthew Huel-Ming; Shyr-Chyr Chen; Hsio-Po Wang; Cheng-Chung Fang; Ren-Shi Shyu; Guan-Tarn Huang; Shih-Ming Wang

1999-01-01

258

Safeguarding children in dentistry: 1. Child protection training, experience and practice of dental professionals with an interest in paediatric dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following several highly publicised inquiries into the deaths of children from abuse and neglect, there has been much recent interest in the role and responsibility of all health professionals to protect children at risk of maltreatment. The findings of a postal questionnaire, sent in March 2005 to 789 dentists and dental care professionals with an interest in paediatric dentistry working

C. Elcock; P. D. Sidebotham; R. R. Welbury; J. C. Harris

2009-01-01

259

3rd Grade Content Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page provides links to resources aligned to the CCSS that guide and support third grade mathematics teaching and learning. Tasks developed by the Mathematics Assessment Resource Service (MARS) and Problems of the Month, (POM home page is cataloged separately) developed by the Noyce Foundation are included. The tasks were designed to measure studentsâ ability to solve non-routine problems, explain and justify their solutions, and promote high level thinking skills. They include the scoring rubric, student responses, and discussion of student understanding and misconceptions. Resources are listed for specific grade 3 standards and are also organized by progression for an alternate search route.

Centre, The S.

2012-01-01

260

Kusinitz 3rd proof NEW  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... These findings suggest that the decreasing levels of AID activity in older adults might affect the ability of a new vaccine against various pathogens ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/scienceresearch

261

Metabolic engineering of E.coli for the production of a precursor to artemisinin, an anti-malarial drug [Chapter 25 in Manual of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology, 3rd edition  

SciTech Connect

This document is Chapter 25 in the Manual of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology, 3rd edition. Topics covered include: Incorporation of Amorpha-4,11-Diene Biosynthetic Pathway into E. coli; Amorpha-4,11-Diene Pathway Optimization; "-Omics" Analyses for Increased Amorpha-4,11-Diene Production; Biosynthetic Oxidation of Amorpha-4,11-Diene.

Petzold, Christopher; Keasling, Jay

2011-07-18

262

An examination of the sustainability of online communities in Australia: including the findings of participatory action research undertaken on a Beta 3rd generation network type regional community portal in New South Wales  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis examines the operations and viability of community portals (RCP) generally and within Australia specifically. It records and analyses, through participatory action research undertaken by the candidate, the development of a beta 3rd generation network type community portal (NCP). The particular aspect of interest in this community portal is that it is a commercial venture aimed at achieving long-term

Andrew Connery

2006-01-01

263

Negative effects of powdered latex gloves in clinical dentistry.  

PubMed

With the advent of CDCs "universal precautions" and OSHA's bloodborne pathogen standard, the number of health-care workers wearing latex gloves has increased dramatically in the law few years. Reports of irritation, contact, and allergic reactions to powdered latex gloves in both medicine and dentistry are on the rise as well. However, other problems related to powdered gloves and their effect on clinical dentistry are just beginning to be addressed. One recent study demonstrated that the starch used as a lubricant on latex rubber gloves significantly reduced the shear bond gloves significantly reduced the shear bond strength of etched porcelain to etched enamel with a resin adhesive system by nearly 40%. Question also arise as to the proper handling of dental implants and the effect that powdered gloves may have on their success based on the negative effects of post-surgical foreign body granulomas reported in the medical community. PMID:10155133

Belvedere, P C; Lambert, D L

1994-01-01

264

Can we learn, teach and practise dentistry anywhere, anytime?  

PubMed

Dentistry-related applications for mobile phones are becoming a popular way of accessing information for students, practitioners and patients. The aim of this article is to review the use of mobile technology, such as 'apps', within dentistry. Over time, there has been a change from desktop learning (D-learning) to mobile learning (M-learning) and this has only been possible with the aid of electronic media and the growth of the Internet. In spite of the increase in mobile applications, there is a need for any information to have a strong underlying evidence base. Several good examples of dental applications which take full advantage of this electronic medium are available. However, developers of mobile applications should provide good quality, peer-reviewed evidence to validate their material. PMID:24113956

Khatoon, B; Hill, K B; Walmsley, A D

2013-10-11

265

Er:YAG and adhesion in conservative dentistry : clinical overview  

PubMed Central

The notion of utilizing laser technology in conservative dentistry was proposed in 1990 by Hibst and Keller, who introduced the possibility of using an Er:YAG laser as alternative to conventional instruments such as the turbine and micro-motor. In subsequent years a continuing effort has been made by clinicians, researchers and commercial companies to improve the technology. The aim of this clinical study is to demonstrate, by the description of different clinical cases, the possibilities and the advantages of using Er:YAG lasers in conservative dentistry and to show that better results may be achieved in terms of stronger adhesion, less invasiveness, reduced pain as well as greater comfort and satisfaction of patients.

Fornaini, Carlo

2013-01-01

266

Er:YAG and adhesion in conservative dentistry : clinical overview.  

PubMed

The notion of utilizing laser technology in conservative dentistry was proposed in 1990 by Hibst and Keller, who introduced the possibility of using an Er:YAG laser as alternative to conventional instruments such as the turbine and micro-motor. In subsequent years a continuing effort has been made by clinicians, researchers and commercial companies to improve the technology. The aim of this clinical study is to demonstrate, by the description of different clinical cases, the possibilities and the advantages of using Er:YAG lasers in conservative dentistry and to show that better results may be achieved in terms of stronger adhesion, less invasiveness, reduced pain as well as greater comfort and satisfaction of patients. PMID:24155547

Fornaini, Carlo

2013-01-01

267

The future of dentistry: new challenges, new directions.  

PubMed Central

The challenge to our profession today is to improve the quality of oral health while overcoming both extrinsic and intrinsic factors which may adversely affect our progress toward this goal. The combined efforts of dental education, dental research, and dental practice will be needed to enable us to maintain the quality of our present system and to meet the myriad changes that will chart our new directions in the future. Our unified efforts can make a difference and, thereby, ensure a meaningful and productive future for dentistry in our country and throughout the world. Let us show the world that the future of dentistry matters to us and that we look to the future with great anticipation and optimism.

Sinkford, J. C.

1990-01-01

268

Tooth Agenesis: from Molecular Genetics to Molecular Dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tooth agenesis may originate from either genetic or environmental factors. Genetically determined hypodontic disorders appear as isolated features or as part of a syndrome. Msx1, Pax9, and Axin2 are involved in non-syndromic hypodontia, while genes such as Shh, Pitx2, Irf6, and p63 are considered to participate in syndromic genetic disorders, which include tooth agenesis. In dentistry, artificial tooth implants represent

E. Matalova; J. Fleischmannova; P. T. Sharpe; A. S. Tucker

2008-01-01

269

Adipose Stem Cell Technologies for Tissue Regeneration in Dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Stem cells based therapies to repair and regenerate various tissues offer a paradigm shift and provide an alternative therapeutic\\u000a solution for the treatment of many diseases. Cell therapies may be theoretically applied in all fields of regenerative medicine,\\u000a including dentistry. In this latter application the therapeutic principles are based on both direct implantation of the cells\\u000a into the target tissue

Andrea Cochis; Lia Rimondini

270

Attitude Towards Preventive Dentistry Among Iranian Senior Dental Students  

PubMed Central

Objective: To investigate attitudes of Iranian senior dental students towards preventive dentistry in relation to their background factors and self-perceived competency in providing preventive care. Materials and Methods: In spring 2008, a questionnaire survey was conducted with all the senior dental students of seven randomly selected state dental schools in Iran. In addition to the respondents’ age and gender, the voluntary questionnaire assessed the students’ attitudes towards preventive dentistry by means of a seven-point semantic differential scale of nine qualities and their opposites, and their self-perceived competency in providing preventive care by five separate questions. To identify the underlying dimensions for attitude, a factor analysis with principle component method and varimax rotation was applied. Independent sample t-test served for statistical analysis. Of the 242 students receiving the questionnaire, 182 students (75%) responded. The mean age of the participants was 26 years and 42% of them were men. Results: Based on the factor analysis, which explained 60% of the total variance, two attitude dimensions were identified; the profession-related dimension and the health service-related dimension. Competency in giving preventive care in all the five specified areas was reported by 44% of the students with no significant gender differences. The mean for the dentist-related dimension was significantly higher among the students who reported competency in giving preventive care (P=0.005). Conclusion: There is room for improvement in senior dental students’ attitudes towards preventive dentistry. In order to create more positive attitudes for future dental professionals, there should be an early and sufficient exposure to preventive aspects of dentistry in the dental curricula.

Khami, MR.; Murtomaa, H.; Razeghi, S.; Virtanen, J. I.

2012-01-01

271

Parental acceptance of pediatric dentistry behavior management techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess the attitudes of parents toward behavior management techniques employed in pediatric dentistry. Sixty-seven parents viewed videotaped segments of actual treatment of three- to five-year-old children with whom the following behavior management techniques were used successfully: general anesthesia, Papoose Board ®a , sedation, hand-over- mouth exercise (HOME), physical restraint by the dentist, physical

Marilyn Goodwin Murphy; J. Bernard Machen

1984-01-01

272

American Dental Association evidence-based dentistry website  

Microsoft Academic Search

In March 2009, the American Dental Association (ADA) launched a new evidence-based dentistry (EBD) website (ebd.ada.org). The site has been established to provide the dental profession with access to evidence from high-quality systematic reviews and is supported by a grant from the National Library of Medicine and the National Institute for Dental and Craniofacial Research(Grant Number G08 LM008956).

Derek Richards

2009-01-01

273

The Application of Silicon and Silicates in Dentistry: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silicates and silicate-based compounds are frequently used materials in dentistry. One of their major applications is their\\u000a use as fillers in different dental filling materials such as glass-ionomer cements, compomers, composites, and adhesive systems.\\u000a In these materials, the fillers react with acids during the setting process or they improve the mechanical properties by increasing\\u000a physical resistance, thermal expansion coefficient and

A.-K. Lührs; Werner Geurtsen

274

Brushing up on the history of intermetallics in dentistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Employing a silver-tin-mercury intermetallic to repair cavities may seem a little unusual, but intermetallics are quite common in dentistry, ranging from gold crowns to braces. Although the human mouth can be unfriendly territory for a brittle intermetallic alloy, dental amalgam has been around since 659 A.D., and its technology has been developed to the point where a filling can be expected to last 30 years or more.

Waterstrat, Richard M.

1990-03-01

275

Does 3rd age plus 3rd world equal 3rd class?  

PubMed

The patterns of care of the aged population are being influenced by demographic changes, migration, and industrialization in developing countries. There is no longer a secure place for the elders in the community as chiefs, sages, or useful members of the household. In very large mega-cities the aged living in an extended family are more prone to psychological problems than in a lone living situation. There are many variations in the degree of abandonment or loss of dignity, which are described in examples from Vilcabamba, Potosi, Lima, and Belize. For example in Belize, there are no cities to migrate to so people leave to seek their fortunes in the US or the UK. Solutions are possible within the community. The experiences of HelpAge International are reported for Pro Vida, Colombia; India; and Sri Lanka. In Colombia efforts were made to acquire a bakery so that the elderly could be employed in bread baking, donating loaves to institutions, and selling half the loaves on the street. Other projects involved improving living conditions for lone old people in shanty towns and training social workers. The institutional aim was to concentrate on a locale. Attention was given to providing instruction in classrooms to enlighten youth about the needs of the elderly. HelpAge in India concentrated on eye problems of the elderly in remote areas through awareness and fundraising campaigns. HelpAge Sri Lanka has set up seminars and training programs which have been models for similar programs in Thailand. Shared experience with the problems of aged beggars suggests that funding must come from nongovernmental agencies. The cultivation and sale of herbs by the elderly was promoted in Vilcabamba; in Jamaica a memory bank was established for preserving cultural traditions. Abandoned industries have been revived. The needs of the organizers, who are primarily volunteers, are organization skills. Governments can supplement meager funds by enhancing traditional life, by removing obstacles to foreign aid, and by avoiding spending on prestige projects and questionable projects imported from Western countries. Reinforcement of families and of local community groups is needed. PMID:12286290

Tout, K

1992-04-01

276

Future impact of nanotechnology on medicine and dentistry.  

PubMed

The human characteristics of curiosity, wonder, and ingenuity are as old as mankind. People around the world have been harnessing their curiosity into inquiry and the process of scientific methodology. Recent years have witnessed an unprecedented growth in research in the area of nanoscience. There is increasing optimism that nanotechnology applied to medicine and dentistry will bring significant advances in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Growing interest in the future medical applications of nanotechnology is leading to the emergence of a new field called nanomedicine. Nanomedicine needs to overcome the challenges for its application, to improve the understanding of pathophysiologic basis of disease, bring more sophisticated diagnostic opportunities, and yield more effective therapies and preventive properties. When doctors gain access to medical robots, they will be able to quickly cure most known diseases that hobble and kill people today, to rapidly repair most physical injuries our bodies can suffer, and to vastly extend the human health span. Molecular technology is destined to become the core technology underlying all of 21(st) century medicine and dentistry. In this article, we have made an attempt to have an early glimpse on future impact of nanotechnology in medicine and dentistry. PMID:20142942

Patil, Mallanagouda; Mehta, Dhoom Singh; Guvva, Sowjanya

2008-05-01

277

Future impact of nanotechnology on medicine and dentistry  

PubMed Central

The human characteristics of curiosity, wonder, and ingenuity are as old as mankind. People around the world have been harnessing their curiosity into inquiry and the process of scientific methodology. Recent years have witnessed an unprecedented growth in research in the area of nanoscience. There is increasing optimism that nanotechnology applied to medicine and dentistry will bring significant advances in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Growing interest in the future medical applications of nanotechnology is leading to the emergence of a new field called nanomedicine. Nanomedicine needs to overcome the challenges for its application, to improve the understanding of pathophysiologic basis of disease, bring more sophisticated diagnostic opportunities, and yield more effective therapies and preventive properties. When doctors gain access to medical robots, they will be able to quickly cure most known diseases that hobble and kill people today, to rapidly repair most physical injuries our bodies can suffer, and to vastly extend the human health span. Molecular technology is destined to become the core technology underlying all of 21st century medicine and dentistry. In this article, we have made an attempt to have an early glimpse on future impact of nanotechnology in medicine and dentistry.

Patil, Mallanagouda; Mehta, Dhoom Singh; Guvva, Sowjanya

2008-01-01

278

Stellar Occultations by Large TNOs on 2012: The February 3rd by (208996) 2003 AZ84, and the February 17th by (50000) Quaoar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On February 2012, two stellar occultation's by large Trans-neptunian Objects (TNO's) were observed by our group. On the 3rd, an event by (208996) 2003 AZ84 was recorded from Mont Abu Observatory and IUCAA Girawali Observatory in India and from Weizmann Observatory in Israel. On the 17th, a stellar occultation by (50000) Quaoar was observed from south France and Switzerland. Both occultations are the second observed by our group for each object, and will be used to improve the results obtained on the previous events. The occultation by 2003 AZ84 is the first multi-chord event recorded for this object. From the single chord event on January 8th 2011, Braga-Ribas et al. 2011 obtained a lower limit of 573 +/- 21 km. From the 2012 occultation the longest chord has a size of 662 +/- 50 km. The other chords will permit to determine the size and shape of the TNO, and derive other physical parameters, such as the geometric albedo. The Quaoar occultation was observed from south of France (Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, TAROT telescope and Valensole) and from Gnosca, Switzerland. Unfortunately, all three sites in France are almost at the same Quaoar's latitude, so in practice, we have two chords that can be used to fit Quaoar's limb. The resulting fit will be compared with the results obtained by Braga-Ribas et al. 2011. Braga-Ribas F., Sicardy B., et al. 2011, EPSC-DPS2011, 1060.Ribas F., Sicardy B., et al. 2011, EPSC-DPS2011, 1060.

Braga Ribas, Felipe; Sicardy, B.; Ortiz, J. L.; Duffard, R.; Camargo, J. I. B.; Lecacheux, J.; Colas, F.; Vachier, F.; Tanga, P.; Sposetti, S.; Brosch, N.; Kaspi, S.; Manulis, I.; Baug, T.; Chandrasekhar, T.; Ganesh, S.; Jain, J.; Mohan, V.; Sharma, A.; Garcia-Lozano, R.; Klotz, A.; Frappa, E.; Jehin, E.; Assafin, M.; Vieira Martins, R.; Behrend, R.; Roques, F.; Widemann, T.; Morales, N.; Thirouin, A.; Mahasena, P.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Daassou, A.; Rinner, C.; Ofek, E. O.

2012-10-01

279

Instability of EDS maglev systems  

SciTech Connect

Instabilities of an EDS maglev suspension system with 3 D.O.F. and 5 D.O.F. vehicles traveling on a double L-shaped set of guideway conductors have been investigated with various experimentally measured magnetical force data incorporated into the theoretical models. Divergence and flutter are obtained from both analytical and numerical solutions for coupled vibration of the 3 D.O.F. maglev vehicle model. Instabilities of five direction motions (heave, slip, rill, pitch and yaw) are observed for the 4 D.O.F. vehicle model. It demonstrates that system parameters, such as, system damping, vehicle geometry and coupling effects among five different motions play very important roles in the occurrence of dynamic instabilities of maglev vehicles.

Cai, Y.; Chen, S.S.

1993-09-01

280

Chemistry in Context, 6th Ed.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Chemistry in Context, 6th Ed., by Lucy Pryde Eubanks, Catherine H. Middlecamp, Carl E. Heltzel, Steven W. Keller published by McGraw-Hill, 2009.

281

ED Visits Involving the Muscle Relaxant Carisoprodol.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The number of carisoprodol related ED visits involving misuse or abuse doubled from 15,830 visits in 2004 to 31,763 visits in 2009. The number of carisoprodol related ED visits involving misuse or abuse by patients aged 50 or older tripled between 2004 an...

2011-01-01

282

Ethanol elimination rates in an ED population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge of the rate of ethanol elimination is essential in the assessment of the intoxicated patient. Surprisingly little literature is available regarding ethanol elimination rates in emergency department (ED) patients; prior studies almost exclusively examined populations of alcoholics or normal controls. Consequently, this prospective observational study was undertaken to assess the rate of ethanol elimination in an ED population. Twenty-four

Daniel F Brennan; Scott Betzelos; Rhett Reed; Jay L Falk

1995-01-01

283

Use of Artelon® Cosmetic in soft tissue augmentation in dentistry  

PubMed Central

Background Soft tissue augmentation is a widely used procedure in partially and fully edentulous patients to increase soft tissue volume. Polyurethanes have been used for scaffolds in a variety of implantable devices. Artelon® is a degradable polyurethane that has been manufactured as fibers, films, and porous scaffolds to be used for various purposes. In this review, the characteristics of Artelon are described, and its clinical applications in orthopedics, dermatology, cardiovascular medicine, and dentistry are also discussed. Methods A Medline (PubMed) search was conducted, and articles published in English were included. Keywords, including “Artelon”, “polyurethanes”, “soft tissue augmentation”, “biocompatibility”, “resorption”, “mechanical stability”, and “complications” were used in different combinations. Titles and abstracts were screened, and full text article analyses were performed. Results Most of the studies reported orthopedic, dermal, and myocardial applications. There were only a few reports related to dental and implant applications. Artelon has been successfully used for reinforcement of soft tissues, including the rotator cuff, Achilles, patellar, biceps, and quadriceps tendons in orthopedic surgery, and is used clinically for the treatment of osteoarthritis in the hand, wrist, and foot. One type of Artelon material, Artelon Cosmetic, has been used in the dental field to increase soft tissue volume, and stable results are achieved for up to 6 months. This material is reported to be easily handled when cut to the desired shape, with little additional time needed for manipulation during surgery, eliminates the need for connective tissue autografts, and thereby decreases patient morbidity and postoperative discomfort, with increased likelihood of a positive subjective outcome. Conclusion Artelon may be applied in the dental field to increase soft tissue volume. Further studies of various applications in dentistry with long-term results are needed to confirm the safety and efficacy of this material before it can be used on a routine basis in dentistry.

Ko, Youngkyung; Kim, NamRyang; Park, Seojin; Park, Jun-Beom

2011-01-01

284

Sequential analysis applied to clinical trials in dentistry: a systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical trials employ sequential analysis for the ethical and economic benefits it brings. In dentistry, as in other fields, resources are scarce and efforts are made to ensure that patients are treated ethically. The objective of this systematic review was to characterise the use of sequential analysis for clinical trials in dentistry. We searched various databases from 1900 through to

P Bogowicz; C Flores-Mir; P W Major; G Heo

2008-01-01

285

Esthetic and prosthetic dentistry as reflected in the Old Testament and other ancient scriptures.  

PubMed

The great technologic strides of the past have transformed medicine and dentistry from a primitive craft into a modern science. Although the past century has witnessed great advances in the evolution of esthetic dentistry, it is fitting to pay tribute to the ancient practitioners of this craft, who formed a basis for its present progress. PMID:9468875

Stern, N

1997-01-01

286

Women in dentistry: A perspective on major universities in Saudi Arabia. Part 1: Historical background  

PubMed Central

As the works of females have been present in many fields of our lives, the history mentions little trace of these facts. The field of dentistry was among these professions. This paper will review the presence of dental practice by women world wide and will present a review of dentistry in Saudi Arabia.

Shaker, Randa E.; Babgi, Amani A.

2009-01-01

287

Advanced General Dentistry Program Directors' Attitudes and Behaviors Regarding Pediatric Dental Training for Residents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The oral health of children became a more prominent concern with the U.S. surgeon general's report on oral health in America in 2000. The purpose of our study was 1) to assess General Practice Residency (GPR) and Advanced Education in Gen- eral Dentistry (AEGD) (here jointly referred to as advanced general dentistry (AGD) programs) directors' current behaviors with regard to

Christi Sporl Massey; Ted P. Raybould; Judith Skelton; A. Stevens Wrightson; Tim A. Smith

288

Adhesive Dentistry and Endodontics: Materials, Clinical Strategies and Procedures for Restoration of Access Cavities: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complexity of restorative dentistry has increased greatly in recent years, with the myriad of products used in “adhesive dentistry.” So too has the “simple” matter of restoring access cavities after completion of endodontic treatment. This review discusses current methods of “bonding” to tooth structure, ceramic materials, and metals, with emphasis on those aspects that are important to endodontics. Specific

Richard S. Schwartz; Ron Fransman

2005-01-01

289

Qualitative analysis of two reconstruction techniques and their application in dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although visualization in the field of dentistry has some of the same requirements as the medicine field, the differences in goal demand specific approaches. This paper reports on the implementation of two fundamentally different approaches to reconstruction of structures from planar cross sections and their application to dentistry data. One of the approaches was an implementation of a distance-based sampling

Luis G. Nonato; Rosane Minghim; Milton H. Shimabukuro

2000-01-01

290

Dentistry, nursing, and medicine: a comparison of core competencies.  

PubMed

Health care, including oral health care and oral health education, is under great stress in the United States. The cost of and access to care, the cost of dental education, and a shortage of educators have led leaders in dental education, organized dentistry, and the public sector to underscore the problem. One of the proposed solutions is to find synergies and new health care and education models by building bridges among the health professions. One potential solution is being implemented at the NYU College of Dentistry (NYUCD). Dentistry and nursing are seemingly unrelated professions, and they are rarely if ever modeled together. That is about to change with the joining together of NYUCD and the Division of Nursing of the NYU Steinhardt School of Education in creating a College of Nursing within the College of Dentistry. This process has not been without controversy. Following the Division of Nursing's request to join NYUCD, and the subsequent announcement of the proposed combination by NYU in December 2004, some members of the dental profession responded by questioning the appropriateness of the merger and the similarity of the two programs. Nevertheless, substantial parallels exist in the education and practice of dentists and nurse practitioners (NP) including basic, social, and some clinical science education, practice models, research synergies, and community service. However, similarities in the core competencies of these professions have not been analyzed formally and in detail. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to compare the core competencies of nurse practitioner and dental education programs. The results show a surprising overlap of the core competencies of the dental and nursing professions (38 percent partial or total overlap). A similar overlap with medicine also exists, albeit lower (25.4 percent). These results are notable because they demonstrate that the three health professions, independently of one another, developed very similar basic competencies and learning objectives. These data should encourage other health professions programs to seek new collaborative models for education, beyond the current silos of training, and new health care delivery systems as has been strongly recommended by the Institute of Medicine. Such collaborative education redirects health care toward providing truly interdisciplinary comprehensive primary care for patients. PMID:16275689

Spielman, Andrew I; Fulmer, Terry; Eisenberg, Elise S; Alfano, Michael C

2005-11-01

291

[Oral health in Sudan--a challenge to Norwegian dentistry?].  

PubMed

The paper gives an overview over the oral health situation in the Sudan. Available epidemiologic data indicate that the caries prevalence is low, but increasing. Recent information on periodontal disease is scarce. Dental fluorosis is of growing concern. Oral cancer, especially squamous cell carcinoma, is prevalent. Sudan has approximately 300 dentists to meet the treatment needs of the country's 25 million inhabitants. The great majority of the dentists live in the Khartoum area. The University of Khartoum, School of Dentistry has a capacity of 20 candidates a year. A close cooperation has been established between the dental school in Khartoum and its counterpart at the University of Bergen. PMID:2247363

Abu Affan, A; Bjorvatn, K

1990-09-01

292

COMPARISON OF CONTACT STRESSES OF THE TEST TYRES USED BY THE 1\\/3rd SCALE MODEL MOBILE LOAD SIMULATOR (MMLS3) AND THE FULL-SCALE TEST TYRES OF THE HEAVY VEHICLE SIMULATOR (HVS) - A SUMMARY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarises the results of a study in which the maximum vertical contact stresses of the 1\\/3rd scale test tyres of the Model Mobile Load Simulator (MMLS3) were compared with those measured for three types of full-scale test tyres of the Heavy Vehicle Simulator (HVS). The comparative tests were done using the Stress-In-Motion (SIM) device designed to capture three-dimensional

E M SADZIK; Lynn East

293

Semi Quantitative Expression Analysis of MDR3 , FIC1 , BSEP , OATP-A , OATP-C , OATP-D , OATP-E and NTCP Gene Transcripts in 1st and 3rd Trimester Human Placenta  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using real time RT-PCR, we have detected expression of seven genes that influence bile acid transport,MDR3 , FIC1, BSEP, OATP-A, OATP-C, OATP-D and OATP-E, in normal human placenta. With the exception of OATP-C and OATP-E these genes were found to be differentially expressed in 1st trimester and 3rd trimester placentae. MDR3 gene expression was found to be up regulated four

P. Patel; N. Weerasekera; M. Hitchins; C. A. R. Boyd; D. G. Johnston; C. Williamson

2003-01-01

294

77 FR 42510 - Notice of Inventory Completion: New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Completion: New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY; Correction AGENCY...of the New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY. The human remains were...made by New York University College of Dentistry professional staff in consultation...

2012-07-19

295

Profile of Journal of Dentistry for Children and Pediatric Dentistry Journal articles by evidence typology: thirty-year time trends (1969-1998) and implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: This study was performed to assess the profile of Jour- nal of Dentistry for Children and Pediatric Dentistry journal articles by evidence typology and measure their changes over a thirty-year period (1969-1998). Methods: All issues of both journals during the study period (1969-98) were manually reviewed. The publications were ranked by the quality of the evidence. Editorials, letters to

S. M. Hashim Nainar

296

The application of silicon and silicates in dentistry: a review.  

PubMed

Silicates and silicate-based compounds are frequently used materials in dentistry. One of their major applications is their use as fillers in different dental filling materials such as glass-ionomer cements, compomers, composites, and adhesive systems. In these materials, the fillers react with acids during the setting process or they improve the mechanical properties by increasing physical resistance, thermal expansion coefficient and radiopacity in acrylic filling materials. They also reduce polymerization shrinkage, and increase esthetics as well as handling properties. Furthermore, silicates are used for the tribochemical silication of different surfaces such as ceramics or alloys. The silicate layer formed in this process is the chemical basis for silanes that form a bond between this layer and the organic composite matrix. It also provides a micromechanical bond between the surface of the material and the composite matrix. Silicates are also a component of dental ceramics, which are frequently used in dentistry, for instance for veneers, inlays, and onlays, for denture teeth, and for full-ceramic crowns or as crown veneering materials. PMID:19198786

Lührs, A-K; Geurtsen, Werner

2009-01-01

297

Predoctoral dental implant education at Creighton University School of Dentistry.  

PubMed

The purpose of this report is to describe the dental implant education that predoctoral students receive and to characterize the patient population receiving implants at Creighton University School of Dentistry (CDS). CDS has no postdoctoral residency programs. Therefore, clinical management of diagnosis, treatment planning, surgical aspects, restoration, complications, and maintenance of dental implants requires significant involvement by predoctoral dental students. CDS implant education involves radiology diagnostic assets of the General Dentistry Department (including the use of Cone Beam Computed Tomography), as well as faculty and equipment from the Departments of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Periodontics, and Prosthodontics, with a majority of students satisfied with their didactic preparation for their clinical experiences. Focusing on a three-year window from August 2007 to August 2010 and using electronic health records, this study found that a total of 242 implants were placed, out of which six failed within one year of placement and had to be removed. The average age of the population of 153 patients was found to be 53.3 years, with a range of eighteen to eighty-nine. Treatment outcomes compared very favorably with those published in the literature. PMID:23658402

Parrish, Lawrence; Hunter, Richard; Kimmes, Nici; Wilcox, Charles; Nunn, Martha; Miyamoto, Takanari

2013-05-01

298

Making academic dentistry more attractive to new teacher-scholars.  

PubMed

This perspectives article written under the sponsorship of the Commission on Change and Innovation in Dental Education (CCI) of the American Dental Education Association (ADEA) summarizes data on the numbers of women and persons of color earning the D.D.S./D.M.D. degrees and entering the U.S. dentistry profession in the first decade of the twenty-first century and examines job factors of importance to recent graduates of doctoral programs in other academic disciplines that may have relevance for planning recruitment and retention strategies within academic dentistry. The characteristics and expectations of Generation X faculty are explored: who are they and what do they want from the academic workplace? The article describes the culture clash that often occurs when Gen Xers encounter policies and practices that were designed by and for prior generations (e.g., Traditionalists and Boomers) who filled the ranks of dental school faculty in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s. Recommendations for rethinking academic employment systems in ways that might make the university workplace more attractive to Generation X are described. PMID:17493969

Trower, Cathy A

2007-05-01

299

ED makes lemonade out of lemons.  

PubMed

Having a well-publicized adverse event involving your ED can be embarrassing and costly, but the University Medical Center (UMC) in Las Vegas has shown it also can lead to improved processes that benefit patients and your facility. Some changes implemented at UMC following state and federal investigations of an adverse event were: A root-cause analysis was performed to identify opportunities for process improvement. Hours were extended for the rapid medical assessment, which is performed by a physician in the front of the ED. Patients being transferred from hospital-owned Quick Care facilities are registered by computer before arriving at the ED. PMID:20391793

2010-04-01

300

[Cold agglutinin disease -? no response to glucocorticoids and rituximab, what treatment is best for the 3rd line of therapy? Case report and review of the literature].  

PubMed

Acquired autoimmune haemolytic anaemia is divided according to the characteristics of immunoglobulin causing haemolysis. The most frequent are haemolytic anaemia with thermal antibodies. They bind to erythrocytes and initiate their destruction in the reticuloendothelial system cells, leading to extravascular haemolysis. Cold agglutinin disease differs significantly from haemolytic anaemia with thermal antibodies. Agglutination is caused by monoclonal antibodies, in most cases class IgM and very rarely class IgG. Under cold conditions they bind to erythrocytes and cause their agglutination and subsequent disorder of blood circulation in body parts with a lower temperature. Agglutinins binding initiate the binding of the complement to the erythrocytes. Under warm conditions the binding becomes loose but the parts of the complement, which are already bound, cause haemolysis, which is mainly of an intravascular nature. The loose haemoglobin causes haemoglobinuria. Description of a patient with the disease. The 1st symptoms of the disease, i.e. anaemia + circulatory disorders in the acral parts of the body, disappearing under warm conditions followed with haemoglobinuria, led to the dia-gnosis of cold agglutinin disease. The 1st line treatment, prednison, did not show any response. The 2nd line treatment used was rituximab and dexametazon. Rituximab was administered in doses of 500 mg/?m2 to 4 times in a row in weekly intervals. Dexametazon was administered in doses of 40 mg from 1st to 4th day and from 15th to 18th day of the cycle. This treatment, however, did not show any response either. Therefore this article brings an overview of all publications regarding the disease treatment with the aim of choosing the most effective treatment options in the case of failure of the monotherapy using rituximab. The 1st line treatment for cold agglutinin disease is rituximab in monotherapy, usually administered once per week at least for 4 weeks. This treatment shows a response in about one?half of treated patients and the remission duration median after rituximab administration is 11 months. A combination of rituximab with fludarabin was more effective, though more toxic; this combination, in a clinical study, led to 75% of patients responding to treatment, including 20% experiencing complete remission. The treatment response median reached over 66 months. In a small study (10 patients) an increase in the amount of rituximab administrations from 4 to 8 led to a treatment response in 6 patients in whom administration of 4 doses of rituximab had no response. When treating Waldenström macroglobulinemia, effectiveness of the following drugs and their combinations was proven: rituximab, chlorambucil, cyclophosphamide, fludarabin, bortezomib, lenalidomid, bendamustin and alemtuzumab. The same drugs and treatment procedures are used for the treatment of the cold agglutinin disease as for Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Successful treatment with vortezomibem, combinations of rituximab + bendamustin, rituximab + cyclophosphamide or rituximab + fludarabin + cyclophosphamide, were recorded in the form of a description as regards the cold agglutinin disease treatment. An important benefit is also shown through treatment with the monoclonal antibody antiC5, eculizumab, which is otherwise used for the treatment of paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria. Eculizumab blocks the C5 element of the component and thus stops haemolysis in a patient with cold agglutinin disease. As cold agglutinin disease is very rare, there are only a few clinical studies and when treating this rare disease we have no other option than to take into account the information contained in the descriptions of the particular cases of cold agglutinin disease and the experience of Waldenström macroglobulinemia disease treatment. The discussion seeks to solve the issue regarding what 3rd line treatment option to use in the described patient. Key words: cold agglutinin disease -? autoimmune haemolytic anaemia -? Waldenström macroglobulinemia -? rituximab -? fludarabin -

Adam, Z; Pejchalová, A; Chlupová, G; Ríhová, L; Pour, L; Krej?í, M; Cervinek, L; Král, Z; Mayer, J

2013-01-01

301

WestEd: Technology In Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

WestEd's Technology in Education site is designed to disseminate educational information. They offer an array of services & resources to assist educators, educational agencies, policy makers in the development, implementation, and evaluation of educational technology.

1997-01-01

302

ARGUS EDS Test and Evaluation Master Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This master plan outlines the test and evaluation activities required to develop the ARGUS Explosives Detection Systems (EDS) and the organization required to support that effort. The plan identifies 40 verification requirements, their method of verificat...

D. J. Fabry T. H. Aishton

2001-01-01

303

Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia: outcome after ED care.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to investigate the outcome and rate of symptomatic recurrence of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) in an emergency department (ED) patient population, after ED management and disposition. A retrospective descriptive review of ED records and state death registry was performed. The study took place at a University hospital ED with 60,000 annual patient volume. The subjects were all patients presenting to the ED in PSVT from January 1993 to December 1996. One hundred eleven patients met entry criteria. The mean age was 53 years, 49% were men, and 51% were women. EMS was used by 47 (42%) patients. Ten of these patients who used the EMS system had an unstable event in the prehospital setting. Eleven patients had unstable events once in the ED. ED therapy given (with number of successes in parentheses) included: Adenosine 48 (41), vagal maneuvers 44 (22), calcium channel blockers 22 (14), beta-blockers 10 (4), and electrical cardioversion 5 (1). Twenty-six patients (23%) spontaneously converted to normal sinus rhythm (NSR). Seventy-nine (71%) patients were discharged from the ED. Mean age for this group was 49 years, and the mean ED stay for this group was 3.8 hours. Three patients (4%) in this group had a recurrence of their SVT after discharge. These patients all had recurrence within 24 hours, and none had an unstable event associated with their recurrence. Thirty-two (29%) patients were admitted to the hospital, with 3 (9%) going to a monitored floor, and 29 (91%) going to an intensive care unit. Mean age for this group was 65 years. Twenty-one of these 32 admitted patients (65%) required continued in-hospital therapy once admitted for their arrhythmia. Six of the 32 admitted patients (19%) had recurrent PSVT in the hospital, with 1 episode of instability. Recurrence of PSVT was more likely to occur among those admitted (P <.05), in older patients (P<.01), and in those with a history of cardiovascular disease (P <.01). No deaths were recorded in either group. Most patients with PSVT can be safely discharged from the ED after short-term observation if therapy produces prompt conversion to NSR. PSVT recurrence is relatively uncommon and usually occurs within 24 hours of ED presentation. PSVT recurrence occurs more often in the elderly and in those with established cardiac disease. PMID:11146016

Luber, S; Brady, W J; Joyce, T; Perron, A D

2001-01-01

304

Demand in Pediatric Dentistry for Sedation and General Anesthesia by Dentist Anesthesiologists: A Survey of Directors of Dentist Anesthesiologist and Pediatric Dentistry Residencies  

PubMed Central

This study describes what training programs in pediatric dentistry and dental anesthesiology are doing to meet future needs for deep sedation/general anesthesia services required for pediatric dentistry. Residency directors from 10 dental anesthesiology training programs in North America and 79 directors from pediatric dentistry training programs in North America were asked to answer an 18-item and 22-item online survey, respectively, through an online survey tool. The response rate for the 10 anesthesiology training program directors was 9 of 10 or 90%. The response rate for the 79 pediatric dentistry training program directors was 46 of 79 or 58%. Thirty-seven percent of pediatric dentistry programs use clinic-based deep sedation/general anesthesia for dental treatment in addition to hospital-based deep sedation/general anesthesia. Eighty-eight percent of those programs use dentist anesthesiologists for administration of deep sedation/general anesthesia in a clinic-based setting. Pediatric dentistry residency directors perceive a future change in the need for deep sedation/general anesthesia services provided by dentist anesthesiologists to pediatric dentists: 64% anticipate an increase in need for dentist anesthesiologist services, while 36% anticipate no change. Dental anesthesiology directors compared to 2, 5, and 10 years ago have seen an increase in the requests for dentist anesthesiologist services by pediatric dentists reported by 56% of respondents (past 2 years), 63% of respondents (past 5 years), and 88% of respondents (past 10 years), respectively. Predicting the future need of dentist anesthesiologists is an uncertain task, but these results show pediatric dentistry directors and dental anesthesiology directors are considering the need, and they recognize a trend of increased need for dentist anesthesiologist services over the past decade.

Hicks, C. Gray; Jones, James E.; Saxen, Mark A.; Maupome, Gerardo; Sanders, Brian J.; Walker, LaQuia A.; Weddell, James A.; Tomlin, Angela

2012-01-01

305

The application of CamScan 2 in forensic dentistry.  

PubMed

Forensic dentistry plays a major role in body identification. The dental examination is very accurate and also, nowadays, in the time of a comprehensive fingerprint and DNA assessment, objectively supported. The identification, which is based on the dental documentation, leads up to 43-89% of a successful process. The purpose of the study is to describe the techniques employed by forensic odontology to identify human remains and also to provide details of some of the novel developments within this area. Comparative methods of dental identification of the unknown subject with pre-mortem clinical records, X-ray images, implant presence, superimposition and DNA analysis confirm the identity of the individual. It was shown that dental identification of a person is based on unique individual characteristics of the dentition and dental restorations, relative resistance of the mineralised dental tissues and dental restorations to changes resulting from decomposition and harsh environmental extremes such as conditions of temperature and violent physical forces. PMID:22920758

Dostalova, Tatjana; Eliasova, Hana; Seydlova, Michaela; Broucek, Jaroslav; Vavrickova, Lenka

2012-05-25

306

Accreditation issues in post-doctoral general dentistry programs.  

PubMed

There has been increasing interest in the organization and accreditation of post-doctoral general dentistry programs (PGD). Numerous national organizations have called for increases in the number of PGD positions and programs. At the same time, there has been a movement to incorporate concepts of competency-based education into dental education programs to stress the outcomes of education rather then the process. These movements have coincided with the current accreditation standards revision cycles for GPR and AEGD programs. These events suggest that PGD educators have a major opportunity and responsibility to assess the goals and educational directions of PGD programs in light of the many changes in dental health care delivery, health policy, and dental education activities. These opportunities will be realized only if the organizations involved with PGD education can find common ground and pool their resources to promote the interests of PGD education. PMID:10483455

Glassman, P; Meyerowitz, C; Redding, S

307

A dental esthetic checklist for treatment planning in esthetic dentistry.  

PubMed

A dental esthetic checklist form has been introduced for use in the diagnostic work-up of a patient accepted for treatment in an Advanced Education in General Dentistry program. The checklist, divided into seven basic criteria, is not a complete list of all possible categories and nuances that an esthetic restorative assessment might include. The correct initial identification of these criteria does not limit the dentist from pursuing more detail; in fact, this checklist is an introductory organizer that invites further exploration. In the authors' experience, the use of this form prompts the student to broaden his or her vision from purely a dental/periodontal focus to one that encompasses lip, cheek, and tongue configurations; smile; facial features; and related planes of symmetry. This approach directs the dental treatment plan toward the important additional goal of dentofacial harmony. PMID:20960993

Greenberg, Joseph R; Bogert, Meredith C

2010-10-01

308

Role of deoxyribonucleic acid technology in forensic dentistry  

PubMed Central

In the last few years, Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) analysis methods have been applied to forensic cases. Forensic dental record comparison has been used for human identification in cases where destruction of bodily tissues or prolonged exposure to the environment has made other means of identification impractical, that is, after fire exposure or mass disaster. Teeth play an important role in identification and criminology, due to their unique characteristics and relatively high degree of physical and chemical resistance. The use of a DNA profile test in forensic dentistry offers a new perspective in human identification. The DNA is responsible for storing all the genetic material and is unique to each individual. The currently available DNA tests have high reliability and are accepted as legal proofs in courts. This article gives an overview of the evolution of DNA technology in the last few years, highlighting its importance in cases of forensic investigation.

Datta, Pankaj; Datta, Sonia Sood

2012-01-01

309

Laser in dentistry: An innovative tool in modern dental practice  

PubMed Central

The term LASER is an acronym for ‘Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation’. As its first application in dentistry by Miaman, in 1960, the laser has seen various hard and soft tissue applications. In the last two decades, there has been an explosion of research studies in laser application. In hard tissue application, the laser is used for caries prevention, bleaching, restorative removal and curing, cavity preparation, dentinal hypersensitivity, growth modulation and for diagnostic purposes, whereas soft tissue application includes wound healing, removal of hyperplastic tissue to uncovering of impacted or partially erupted tooth, photodynamic therapy for malignancies, photostimulation of herpetic lesion. Use of the laser proved to be an effective tool to increase efficiency, specificity, ease, and cost and comfort of the dental treatment.

Verma, Sanjeev Kumar; Maheshwari, Sandhya; Singh, Raj Kumar; Chaudhari, Prabhat Kumar

2012-01-01

310

Articaine - the best choice of local anesthetic in contemporary dentistry.  

PubMed

Local anesthesia forms the foundation of pain control techniques in clinical dentistry. Within the rich local anesthetic drugs available in dentistry for the prevention and management of pain 4% articaine solutions achieve highest level of anesthetic potency and lowest systemic toxicity in all clinical situations, prior to its superlative physicochemical characteristics and the pharmacological profile. These are - low lipid solubility, high plasma protein binding rate, fast metabolization, fast elimination half time; low blood level. Articaine inactivates in both ways: in the liver and the blood serum. It has good spreading through tissues. Thus, articaine seems to be the local anesthetic of first choice in tissues with suppurative inflammation, for adults, children (over 4), elderly, pregnant women, breastfeeding women, patients suffering from hepatic disorders and renal function impairment. In Articaine solutions (1: 200,000) epinephrine is in low concentration, thus in patients at high risk adverse responses are maximally decreased. In these patients articaine should be used with careful consideration of risk/benefit ratio. Articaine solutions must not be used in persons who are allergic or hypersensitive to sulphite, due to content of Sodium metabisulfite as vasoconstrictor's antioxidant in it. Incidence of serious adverse effects related to dental anesthesia with articaine is very low. Toxic reactions are usually due to an inadvertent intravascular injection or use of excessive dose. To avoid overdoses maximum recommendation dose (MRD) must not be exceeded and aspiration test always performed prior all LA injections. In these article we introduce new graphs providing a quick and effect way to determine maximum LA dose. If the overdose reactions develop, adherence to the basic step of emergency management with end to a successful outcome in virtually all cases. PMID:21346262

Nizharadze, N; Mamaladze, M; Chipashvili, N; Vadachkoria, D

2011-01-01

311

EDITORIAL: Papers from the 3rd International SiGe Technology and Device Meeting (Princeton, New Jersey, USA, 15 17 May 2006) (ISTDM 2006)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Silicon germanium (SiGe) technology is the driving force behind the explosion in low-cost, lightweight, personal communications devices such as digital wireless handsets, as well as other entertainment and information technologies such as digital set-top boxes, direct broadcast satellites (DBS), automobile collision avoidance systems, and personal digital assistants. Low power SiGe circuits extend the life of wireless phone batteries and allow smaller and more durable communication systems. The first paper on SiGe can be traced back to 1955 with work on the magnetoresistance of silicon germanium alloys [1]. The first mention of a SiGe device was actually in the original patent for the bipolar transistor where the idea of a SiGe heterojunction bipolar transistor (HBT) was discussed with a description of the physics in the 1950s [2]. Such a transistor required the epitaxial growth of Si/SiGe heterostructures and this was not demonstrated until 1975 by Kasper, Herzog and Kibbel at the then AEG Research Centre (now Daimler Chrysler) in Ulm, Germany using molecular beam epitaxy [3]. The late 1980s and 1990s saw significant improvements in the growth technique of mismatched SiGe epitaxial films, enabling SiGe devices to become a practical reality. Through this early work, silicon germanium has moved from the research laboratory to industrial production accounting for a significant percentage of manufactured semiconductor devices. Silicon germanium epitaxy has enabled the use of strained-layer silicon channels in transistors, an industry standard. Although the bulk of the new products based on SiGe are logic and amplifier type integrated circuits, the scope of SiGe is wider. Today, a surprising amount of research is being associated with such areas as opto, MEMs and nanotechnology for detectors, solar cells, laser diodes and radar systems. It is estimated that in 2006 the SiGe industry will generate $717.6 M. The papers published here represent a subset of those presented at the 3rd International SiGe Technology and Device Meeting held in Princeton from 15 to 17 May 2006. This conference followed on from two highly successful meetings held at Nagoya University in 2003 and in Frankfurt in 2004. The topics of the ISTDM 2006 conference included SiGe and other group IV materials such as SiGe:C and their selective growth, process technologies such as diffusion control and gate dielectrics, device issues regarding bipolar and field effect transistors and optical devices, circuits for logic communication and mixed signals, and applications such as wireless, imaging, sensing and radar. The organizers of the conference were pleased to present two plenary talks (Gary Patton of IBM and Lionel Kimerling of MIT) on SiGe developments and 19 invited talks during the three days, along with 53 short contributions and 46 posters presentations. These talks showed that there is a thriving academic and industrial research community in this field. The papers in this issue cover important areas that are currently under intense development: strained Si FETs and CMOS, HBT devices and circuits, germanium devices, optoelectronics, quantum devices, selective epitaxy and patterned structures, heterostructure growth, novel characterization, novel structures, process technology, and virtual and engineered substrates. We hope that the readers of this issue will find these papers to be interesting, informative, and useful as overviews on the best and latest developments in this vibrant, evolving technology. Guest Editors J Sturm, Princeton University, USA E Fitzgerald, MIT, USA S Koester, IBM, USA J Kolodzey, University of Delaware, USA J Murota, Tohoku University, Japan D Paul, Cambridge University, UK B Tillack, IHP, Germany S Zaima, Nagoya University, Japan References [1] Glickman M 1955 Phys. Rev. 100 1146 (doi:10.1103/PhysRev.100.1146 ) [2] Kroemer H 1957 Proc. IRE 45 1535 [3] Kasper E, Herzog J-H and Kibbel H 1975 Appl. Phys. 8 199 (doi:10.1007/BF00896611 )

2007-01-01

312

A Quantitative Content Analysis of Mercer University MEd, EdS, and Doctoral Theses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Quantitative content analysis of a body of research not only helps budding researchers understand the culture, language, and expectations of scholarship, it helps identify deficiencies and inform policy and practice. Because of these benefits, an analysis of a census of 980 Mercer University MEd, EdS, and doctoral theses was conducted. Each…

Randolph, Justus J.; Gaiek, Lura S.; White, Torian A.; Slappey, Lisa A.; Chastain, Andrea; Harris, Rose Prejean

2010-01-01

313

Clinical Evaluation of Acidulated-Phosphate-Fluoride in the Navy's Preventive Dentistry Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The stannous fluoride used in the Navy's preventive dentistry program has certain objectionable features: unpleasant taste and a tendency to stain the teeth. A study was designed to assess the feasibility of substituting acidulated-phosphate-fluoride whic...

W. R. Shiller F. P. Scola

1976-01-01

314

Predoctoral Program Models in Dentistry for the Handicapped: The University of Tennessee Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model program in dentistry for the handicapped offered at the University of Tennessee and supported by a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation grant is described. The program includes didactic instruction, observation and seminar, and clinical practice. (JMF)

Wessels, Kenneth E.

1980-01-01

315

The Academy of General Dentistry's ongoing charge for quality dental education.  

PubMed

The core competency statement of the Academy of General Dentistry is "Quality of care through lifelong learning". This article traces the history of the Academy from its founding in 1952 through the development of its programs in Fellowships and Masterships, the Fellowship Exam, the American Board of General Dentistry, the National Sponsor Approval Program, and its recent efforts to reaffirm and sharpen its mission. PMID:10665236

Winland, R D; Mages, M

1999-01-01

316

Pediatric ED opens behavioral health area.  

PubMed

In response to a number of acts of violence and out of concern for the privacy of other patients, the ED at Akron (OH) Children's Hospital decided it was necessary to create a separate behavior health unit. Here are some of the strategies they used: Rooms were designed (i.e., lighting and sound) to minimize the risk of escalation in agitated patients. Out of concern for patient safety, there is no heavy equipment or medical gasses in the rooms. ED leadership solicited input from patients' parents before finalizing their plans. PMID:21049776

2010-11-01

317

Canadian EdGEO National Workshop Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Established in the early 1970s, EdGEO supports locally driven geosciences workshops for Canadian teachers. Workshops are organized by geoscientists and teachers, and typically have field, laboratory and classroom components. Grants of up to $3000 per workshop are available from the National EdGEO Program. By providing educational opportunities for today's teachers and, through them, their students, EdGEO seeks to cultivate a heightened awareness of our planet. EdGEO workshops provide teachers with potential fieldtrip sites for their students and the knowledge, enthusiasm and materials to inspire their students to engage in geoscience. Networking opportunities with local experts promote the importance of the geoscience profession. The expected result is an improved capacity on the part of Canadians to understand the Earth and to make informed decisions, especially with regard to the use of mineral and energy resources, the maintenance and remediation of the environment, and response to geological hazards. There exists a critical need to provide teachers with training and resources to tackle their Earth science curricula. In 2008, EdGEO supported fourteen workshops, with an unprecedented 521 teachers attending. These teachers then used our resources to reach an estimated 14,000 students during that single academic year. EdGEO workshops are locally driven and are therefore very diverse. Workshops are strongly tied to the provincial curriculum, focus on a specific geoscience topic, or may be largely field-based to demonstrate and practice how field activities could be incorporated into Earth science teaching. Many strive to include all of these important components. Geoscientists and teachers work collaboratively to develop and deliver EdGEO workshops to ensure that the activities can be effectively used in the classroom. The length of these professional development opportunities range from two-hour sessions to several days, and can generally accommodate up to twenty-five teachers. Workshops have been presented at teachers' conferences, province-wide professional development days, industry events, and independently. Participants consistently rate EdGEO workshops as excellent and outstanding. Responses on the evaluation forms suggest that teachers value the hands-on aspect of the workshops, the strong connection to the curriculum, the classroom resources provided, the field components, the collaborations forged between teachers and geoscientists, and the knowledge gained. Comments also continually make reference to the talented experts who enthusiastically commit to sharing their expertise in geoscience. The ability of EdGEO to advance its vital mission relies on the generous support of scientific associations, corporations, foundations and individuals. With increased funding, EdGEO's future will see the expansion of partnerships with Faculties of Education across Canada. These faculties offer an opportunity to reach out to aspiring teachers before they enter the classroom. Future plans include the compilation of EdGEO lesson plans from coast to coast. These valuable resources would connect to provincial curriculum, provide an opportunity to wedge Earth science into other science subjects, and serve as the basis for developing a series of standardized workshops to be implemented across the nation.

Clinton, L. A.; Haidl, F. M.; Hymers, L. A.; van der Flier-Keller, E.

2009-05-01

318

Does your ED supply interpreter services?  

PubMed

To comply with federal guidelines, your ED must provide language assistance to non-English-speaking patients. Don't use family members as interpreters. Use a closed-circuit TV with a live interpreter or use the services of a telephone translation service. Offer incentives for multilingual staff, and provide tuition reimbursement for language classes. PMID:12827999

2003-06-01

319

A. P. Simester (ed): Appraising Strict Liability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article is a review of A.P. Simester, ed., Appraising Strict Liability. We strongly recommend the book for the sophistication of the contributors’ analyses, and the contribution the book makes to clarifying the normative issues at stake in strict liability legal regimes. The review focuses on the more philosophical essays in the book. The specific issues from the book identified

Roger A. Shiner; Jeremy Hoemsen

2007-01-01

320

ROBUST ESTIMATES OF THE ED50  

EPA Science Inventory

To explore the possibility that robust estimators of location can be adapted to the problem of estimating the ED50 in binary-response bioassay, 10 estimators are compared. A Monte Carlo study is conducted to determine the mean squared errors (MSE) of the estimators. Taking into a...

321

Measuring the Impact of Re-ED  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|From its origins nearly a half century ago, the Re-ED model has generated a series of research studies evaluating its efficacy. This article provides a historical perspective on the evidence base for this early strength-based model for working with troubled youth.|

Freado, Mark D.

2010-01-01

322

Where dentistry stands in light of health care reform.  

PubMed

The hot topic from Capitol Hill in Washington to Capitol Hill in Jefferson City is health care reform. President Clinton started the ball rolling during the campaign in 1992 by including health care reform in his platform. He continued the effort after his election by appointing his wife, Hillary, to chair a task force to present an outline for federal legislation. Since the package was presented to Congress, there has been much discussion, lobbying, and rumoring about the implications of health care reform and what it could mean to all of us as dentists. On the home front, Governor Carnahan has introduced legislation in Missouri to reform the health care system. This effort is known as the Missouri Health Assurance Plan (H.B. 1622). Missouri Dental Association members are vitally concerned about the impact of health care reform on their practice, their taxes, their relationship with their patients and employees, and on their ability to seek out health care services since each member is also a consumer of health care. This article represents answers to some of the questions being asked by MDA members in order that they might be more aware of the activities by the MDA, the ADA, and other levels of organized dentistry relating to health care reform. PMID:9564299

Collignon, B H

323

[Dental care, dental diseases and dentistry in antiquity].  

PubMed

Numerous written relicts, belletristic works (poems of Martial, Juvenal, Ovid etc.) indicate that oral hygiene and its tools (toothbrush, toothpick, use of tooth pastes and tooth-powder) were used long before our times. Already ancient people started to remove, file, dye and inlay teeth. The teeth were dyed red, green or black in Egypt, red or brown (with henna or betel) in India, white by Romans. The teeth decoration has a long but forgotten history. The most skillful and artistic work was done by the Maya's between 900 BC and 1500 AD. The modification of contours (more than fifty forms) of the incisors were practiced also in Mesoamerica. Dentistry was surely practiced in ancient Egypt, India, China, Greece and Rome, while odontology and especially suitable dental appliances arose only by Etruscan. Dental prosthesis, including bridges and simple retention bands were invented by the Etruscans 2500 years ago. These Etruscan bridges were worn mostly by females, suggesting that cosmetics was the principal dental concern. Some,--if not all--of the Roman and other prostheses have been purely ornamental. Orthodontic appliances are also Etruscan invention. The holes caused by caries were filled with garlic, incense, caraway seed in Egypt, with wood or lead in Rome, and with "silver-paste" (amalgam) in ancient China. The toothache was cured with poppy-tee, or hashish and nightshade plants (Solanaceae) in Egypt, Greece, Roman Empire while with coca (Erythroxylon coca) in South-America. PMID:20481107

Józsa, László

2009-01-01

324

Sound levels in conservative dentistry and endodontics clinic  

PubMed Central

Aim: To evaluate the sound levels generated in dental clinics of conservative dentistry and endodontics. Material and Methods: A decibel-meter with digital readout was used to measure sound levels at different time intervals at the chairside and at the center of the clinic. Minimum and maximum readings during a 3 min interval were recorded. Results: In the post-graduate (PG) clinic, there was significant difference in noise levels between the chairside (66-81 dB[A]) and the center of the clinic (66-67 dB[A]) at certain times. In the under graduate (UG) clinic, noise levels with suction and either high/slow speed handpieces (67-80 dB[A]) were significantly higher than the center of clinic. Suction alone in the UG clinic (63-75 dB[A]) was significantly quieter than in the PG clinic (69-79 dB[A]). Conclusions: (1) Mean sound levels in the working clinics ranged from 63.0 dB[A] to 81.5 dB[A]. These are within the recommended range for dental equipment. (2) With suction and either low/high speed handpiece combination, the PG clinic was significantly noisier than the UG clinic at several time periods.

Dutta, Arindam; Mala, Kundabala; Acharya, Shashi Rashmi

2013-01-01

325

Minimal Intervention Dentistry (MID) for managing dental caries - a review  

PubMed Central

This publication describes the history of Minimal Intervention Dentistry (MID) for managing dental caries and presents evidence for various carious lesion detection devices, for preventive measures, for restorative and non-restorative therapies as well as for repairing rather than replacing defective restorations. It is a follow-up to the FDI World Dental Federation publication on MID, of 2000. The dental profession currently is faced with an enormous task of how to manage the high burden of consequences of the caries process amongst the world population. If it is to manage carious lesion development and its progression, it should move away from the ‘surgical’ care approach and fully embrace the MID approach. The chance for MID to be successful is thought to be increased tremendously if dental caries is not considered an infectious but instead a behavioural disease with a bacterial component. Controlling the two main carious lesion development related behaviours, i.e. intake and frequency of fermentable sugars, to not more than five times daily and removing/disturbing dental plaque from all tooth surfaces using an effective fluoridated toothpaste twice daily, are the ingredients for reducing the burden of dental caries in many communities in the world. FDI’s policy of reducing the need for restorative therapy by placing an even greater emphasis on caries prevention than is currently done, is therefore, worth pursuing.

Frencken, Jo E.; Peters, Mathilde C.; Manton, David J.; Leal, Soraya C.; Gordan, Valeria V.; Eden, Ece

2012-01-01

326

Practical aspects of DNA-based forensic studies in dentistry  

PubMed Central

Forensic dentistry as a science has evolved from simple methods of age estimation and bite-mark analysis, to a new era of genetic and serological investigations. DNA analysis in forensic science requires a sample or source from either an individual (living or dead) or a crime/incident site. The orofacial region is a good source of such material, due to the fact that certain oral tissues are relatively resistant to environmental degradation and destruction by thermal, electrical, and mechanical insult. Dentists may be called upon to provide samples and expert analysis in many such situations. Sources include soft and hard tissues of teeth and jaws, saliva, biopsy material, and mucosal swabs. Tissue samples should be handled with care, and correct protocol in collection and preparation has to be followed. This ensures a high yield of the required DNA. Hard tissues like teeth require specialized procedures to extract the genetic material. Research has shown that there is a wide variation in the quality and quantity of DNA extracted from different individuals from the same site even under similar conditions. This necessitates calibration of the various methods to achieve best results. DNA analysis can provide highly accurate identification if used correctly. Here a description of the various sources in the oral region has been provided from which samples could be forwarded to the forensic laboratory. Most commonly employed techniques of collection and handling for laboratory procedures have been outlined.

Muruganandhan, J; Sivakumar, G

2011-01-01

327

Dentistry students ageing anxiety levels in northern Iran.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: Ageing anxiety as a specific subtype of anxiety disorder has been considered as a moderating factor on healthcare providers' professional task dealing with the elders. METHODS: A Persian translation of Ageing Anxiety Scale (AAS) (Int J Aging Hum Dev, 37, 1993, 247) was administered to the university students of a dentistry school located at northern Iran. The questionnaire consisted of twenty-five-point Likert-scale questions. RESULTS: The obtained mean score of ageing anxiety was 58.51 (±9.85), (out of a possible 100), and the questionnaire revealed a good level of internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.76). The results did not differ by gender (p = 0.22), between undergraduate or postgraduate students (p = 0.81), various postgraduate disciplines (p = 0.69), residing with an elder at home (p = 0.18) and length of time living with an elder (p = 0.81). CONCLUSION: The Persian translation of AAS showed a good level of internal consistency. The selected population with educational attainment in this research revealed a moderate ageing anxiety level. PMID:23240870

Poorsattar Bejeh Mir, Arash; Poorsattar Bejeh Mir, Morvarid

2012-12-13

328

Expert witnesses in dentistry: a comparison between Italy and Croatia.  

PubMed

A dentist is frequently required to translate dental trauma into monetary value, for example after car accidents and/or work-related injuries. When called to act in this capacity a dentist should combine his/her biological and technical knowledge with a quality medico-legal knowledge. Calculation of economic (pecuniary) damages and non-economic (non-pecuniary) damages requires specific training in medico-legal matters and awareness of the inherent pitfalls. Expert Witnesses registered in Court are usually asked to perform this duty. Nevertheless, European countries have differences regarding dental damage evaluations as well as significant differences in the conditions required for registration as an Expert Witness in Court. A dental Expert Witness has precise responsibilities and is subject to civil or criminal proceedings (depending on the judicial system) if found wanting. In forensic/legal dentistry a medico-legal doctor should not work in isolation from a dentist in dental cases nor is it wise for a dentist to work in the courts without having had specific training regarding judicial disciplines relating to dental damages. In this preliminary work the authors investigate the principal differences in the judicial systems regarding the appointment of Expert Witnesses in both Italian and Croatian courts. The next step will expand this investigation through to European countries in order to marshal knowledge towards harmonization, best practice and a common ground for dental evaluation and claim compensations (in accordance with the Council of Europe Resolution 75 – 7 Compensation for physical injury or death). PMID:23221264

Nuzzolese, Emilio; ?ukovi?-Bagi?, Ivana

2012-11-30

329

Health Hazard Evaluation Report: HETA-2005-0157-3110, Children's Dentistry at Hamilton Mill, Dacula, Georgia, July 2010. Assessment of Nitrous Oxide Exposure in a Pediatric Dentistry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On March 2, 2005, NIOSH received a management request for an HHE at Children's Dentistry at Hamilton Mill in Dacula, Georgia. The request was submitted in response to employee concerns that continued exposure to N2O may result in infertility and spontaneo...

A. Garcia B. King C. Achutan K. Mead M. Radke

2010-01-01

330

EDS Coal-Liquefaction Process Development, Phase V: EDS Product Quality. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The laboratory product quality studies were conducted at various Exxon Research and Engineering (ER and E) facilities. This Final Product Quality Report summarizes research efforts directed at end-use applications of raw and upgraded EDS products. The end...

W. R. Epperly

1982-01-01

331

The era of whiter teeth: advertising in American dentistry 1910-1950.  

PubMed

It has often been argued that the public image of dentists has been tainted by association with fear and pain into an image of evil 'psychodontists' and that there is an apparent lack of 'role models' in popular film, television, art and literature concerned with dentistry. This paper argues that we get a different picture when looking at different media. Advertisements introduce into a public domain, positive images of dentistry which crucially differ from the images found in other popular media. This paper traces the public image of dentistry in early 20th-century America, as seen through dentifrice advertisements, and suggests three important reasons for studying advertisements: First, advertisements provide a supplement to studies of popular images of dentistry carried out so far. Second, advertisements have played an important part in advancing oral hygiene as a public concern. And third, advertisements provide the historian of dentistry with a unique opportunity for analyzing the complex and interwoven relationship of popular and professional discourses, since ads have acted as catalysts for professional discussions and self-reflection among dentists. PMID:19860287

Grumsen, Stine

332

Comprehensive risk reduction in patients with atrial fibrillation: emerging diagnostic and therapeutic options--a report from the 3rd Atrial Fibrillation Competence NETwork/European Heart Rhythm Association consensus conference.  

PubMed

While management of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients is improved by guideline-conform application of anticoagulant therapy, rate control, rhythm control, and therapy of accompanying heart disease, the morbidity and mortality associated with AF remain unacceptably high. This paper describes the proceedings of the 3rd Atrial Fibrillation NETwork (AFNET)/European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) consensus conference that convened over 60 scientists and representatives from industry to jointly discuss emerging therapeutic and diagnostic improvements to achieve better management of AF patients. The paper covers four chapters: (i) risk factors and risk markers for AF; (ii) pathophysiological classification of AF; (iii) relevance of monitored AF duration for AF-related outcomes; and (iv) perspectives and needs for implementing better antithrombotic therapy. Relevant published literature for each section is covered, and suggestions for the improvement of management in each area are put forward. Combined, the propositions formulate a perspective to implement comprehensive management in AF. PMID:21791573

Kirchhof, Paulus; Lip, Gregory Y H; Van Gelder, Isabelle C; Bax, Jeroen; Hylek, Elaine; Kaab, Stefan; Schotten, Ulrich; Wegscheider, Karl; Boriani, Giuseppe; Brandes, Axel; Ezekowitz, Michael; Diener, Hans; Haegeli, Laurent; Heidbuchel, Hein; Lane, Deirdre; Mont, Luis; Willems, Stephan; Dorian, Paul; Aunes-Jansson, Maria; Blomstrom-Lundqvist, Carina; Borentain, Maria; Breitenstein, Stefanie; Brueckmann, Martina; Cater, Nilo; Clemens, Andreas; Dobrev, Dobromir; Dubner, Sergio; Edvardsson, Nils G; Friberg, Leif; Goette, Andreas; Gulizia, Michele; Hatala, Robert; Horwood, Jenny; Szumowski, Lukas; Kappenberger, Lukas; Kautzner, Josef; Leute, Angelika; Lobban, Trudie; Meyer, Ralf; Millerhagen, Jay; Morgan, John; Muenzel, Felix; Nabauer, Michael; Baertels, Christoph; Oeff, Michael; Paar, Dieter; Polifka, Juergen; Ravens, Ursula; Rosin, Ludger; Stegink, W; Steinbeck, Gerhard; Vardas, Panos; Vincent, Alphons; Walter, Maureen; Breithardt, Günter; Camm, A John

2011-07-26

333

Comprehensive risk reduction in patients with atrial fibrillation: emerging diagnostic and therapeutic options--a report from the 3rd Atrial Fibrillation Competence NETwork/European Heart Rhythm Association consensus conference  

PubMed Central

While management of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients is improved by guideline-conform application of anticoagulant therapy, rate control, rhythm control, and therapy of accompanying heart disease, the morbidity and mortality associated with AF remain unacceptably high. This paper describes the proceedings of the 3rd Atrial Fibrillation NETwork (AFNET)/European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) consensus conference that convened over 60 scientists and representatives from industry to jointly discuss emerging therapeutic and diagnostic improvements to achieve better management of AF patients. The paper covers four chapters: (i) risk factors and risk markers for AF; (ii) pathophysiological classification of AF; (iii) relevance of monitored AF duration for AF-related outcomes; and (iv) perspectives and needs for implementing better antithrombotic therapy. Relevant published literature for each section is covered, and suggestions for the improvement of management in each area are put forward. Combined, the propositions formulate a perspective to implement comprehensive management in AF.

Kirchhof, Paulus; Lip, Gregory Y.H.; Van Gelder, Isabelle C.; Bax, Jeroen; Hylek, Elaine; Kaab, Stefan; Schotten, Ulrich; Wegscheider, Karl; Boriani, Giuseppe; Brandes, Axel; Ezekowitz, Michael; Diener, Hans; Haegeli, Laurent; Heidbuchel, Hein; Lane, Deirdre; Mont, Luis; Willems, Stephan; Dorian, Paul; Aunes-Jansson, Maria; Blomstrom-Lundqvist, Carina; Borentain, Maria; Breitenstein, Stefanie; Brueckmann, Martina; Cater, Nilo; Clemens, Andreas; Dobrev, Dobromir; Dubner, Sergio; Edvardsson, Nils G.; Friberg, Leif; Goette, Andreas; Gulizia, Michele; Hatala, Robert; Horwood, Jenny; Szumowski, Lukas; Kappenberger, Lukas; Kautzner, Josef; Leute, Angelika; Lobban, Trudie; Meyer, Ralf; Millerhagen, Jay; Morgan, John; Muenzel, Felix; Nabauer, Michael; Baertels, Christoph; Oeff, Michael; Paar, Dieter; Polifka, Juergen; Ravens, Ursula; Rosin, Ludger; Stegink, W.; Steinbeck, Gerhard; Vardas, Panos; Vincent, Alphons; Walter, Maureen; Breithardt, Gunter; Camm, A. John

2012-01-01

334

Cross-contamination potential of saliva ejectors used in dentistry.  

PubMed

It has been postulated that evacuation systems used in dentistry could be a source of cross-contamination between patients through backflow of bacteria dislodged from the saliva ejector tubings. The bacterial microflora associated with these systems was characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and microbiological cultures. The potential for backflow was investigated by a study of pressure differentials in evacuation system tubing and by the presence of bacteria in backflow samples. Evacuation lines were coated with microbial biofilms in which microcolonies of Gram-positive cocci and Gram-negative bacilli predominated, embedded in an extensive polysaccharide matrix. Most bacteria were metabolically active. Occasionally, buccal material such as collagen, fibrin and eukaryotic cell debris was observed. In other experiments, flow reversal was detected several times during saliva ejector use though each of these events was brief (less than 0.1 s). Aspiration of saliva, or occlusion of the mouthpiece opening by the oral mucosa, were the major factors leading to backflow episodes. Bacteria associated with backflow were found in almost 25% assays, with counts ranging from 1-300 cfu/occurrence. The majority of the bacteria isolated from biofilm or backflow samples were staphylococci, micrococci and non-fermentive Gram-negative rods. Pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus were also isolated from backflow fluids. No oral streptococci could be recovered from biofilms in the tubing beyond 15 min from the last saliva ejector use however, suggesting that these species did not survive in the biofilms. These data suggest, although without direct proof of cross-contamination, the possible existence of an infectious risk associated with oral evacuation systems, as potential pathogens may be shed from tubing biofilms following backflow. Even if the risk of cross-contamination between patients is considered to be low, the necessity for regular disinfection of these systems must be stressed, since biofilms can serve as a reservoir for pathogens or harbor potentially infectious material. PMID:9868623

Barbeau, J; ten Bokum, L; Gauthier, C; Prévost, A P

1998-12-01

335

ED Use by Older Victims of Family Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objective: To determine the nature and frequency of ED use by victims of physical elder abuse. Methods: Community-dwelling victims of abuse were identified through a state elderly protective service program independent of the health care system in a geographic area served by two EDs. ED records were reviewed and abstracted to determine if and how victims used emergency services.

Mark S Lachs; Christianna S Williams; Shelley O'Brien; Leslie Hurst; Alice Kossack; Alan Siegal; Mary E Tinetti

1997-01-01

336

Ethanol elimination rates in an ED population.  

PubMed

Knowledge of the rate of ethanol elimination is essential in the assessment of the intoxicated patient. Surprisingly little literature is available regarding ethanol elimination rates in emergency department (ED) patients; prior studies almost exclusively examined populations of alcoholics or normal controls. Consequently, this prospective observational study was undertaken to assess the rate of ethanol elimination in an ED population. Twenty-four consecutive adult ED patients clinically suspected of intoxication who had serum ethanol determinations drawn were enrolled. Patients underwent serial ethanol determinations via breathalyzer (Intoxilyzer 1400, CMI Inc., Owensboro, KY). Linear regression analysis of the plot of decrease in ethanol level over time was performed to determine the rate of ethanol elimination. Initial ethanol levels in the 24 patients ranged from 58 to 447 mg/dL (mean, 249 +/- 109 [SD] mg/dL). Patients were observed for a minimum of 2 and a maximum of 9 observations (mean, 3.9 +/- 1.7), over a period of 0.5 to 12.1 hours (mean, 4.4 +/-3.5 h). Clinical features of intoxication were poorly correlated with ethanol level (r < .5). The rate of ethanol elimination in the ED population was 19.6 mg/dL/h (r = .83; 95% confidence interval [CI], 16.9 to 22.3 mg/dL/h). Subgroup analysis found differences that were statistically significant but small. Multiple regression analysis showed that time was the major variable useful in predicting changes in ethanol level (P < .001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7755817

Brennan, D F; Betzelos, S; Reed, R; Falk, J L

1995-05-01

337

The NStED Kepler Services  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NStED has recently made available a service to aid the general observers in the selection of targets for observations with the Kepler Mission. The service includes all the stars in the Kepler Input Catalog that fall within the Kepler CCD detector in at least one observing season (4,451,462 stars). The NStED Kepler Target Selection Service allows coordinates searches, and complex queries, including the ability to upload multiple targets around which to search. Query constraints can be placed on 70 separate fields, including kinematics, photometry, colors, stellar parameters, and instrument related quantities. The user can easily select which parameters are to include in the output. The query result page returns the list of sources selected by the user with a map of their distribution in Equatorial coordinates. The user can download the generated list in a self-describing output table for further analysis. The Kepler services can be reached from NStED's home page at: http://nsted.ipac.caltech.edu

Ramirez, Solange; NStED Team

2010-01-01

338

Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS)  

SciTech Connect

The Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) is a deterministic optimization model of the deployment of electric power generation technologies and transmission infrastructure throughout the contiguous United States into the future. The model, developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Strategic Energy Analysis Center, is designed to analyze the critical energy issues in the electric sector, especially with respect to potential energy policies, such as clean energy and renewable energy standards or carbon restrictions. ReEDS provides a detailed treatment of electricity-generating and electrical storage technologies and specifically addresses a variety of issues related to renewable energy technologies, including accessibility and cost of transmission, regional quality of renewable resources, seasonal and diurnal generation profiles, variability of wind and solar power, and the influence of variability on the reliability of the electrical grid. ReEDS addresses these issues through a highly discretized regional structure, explicit statistical treatment of the variability in wind and solar output over time, and consideration of ancillary services' requirements and costs.

Short, W.; Sullivan, P.; Mai, T.; Mowers, M.; Uriarte, C.; Blair, N.; Heimiller, D.; Martinez, A.

2011-12-01

339

[Occupational risk due to use of mercury in dentistry: a bibliographic review].  

PubMed

The aim of this study is to present data concerning hazardous waste management in the health area, with emphasis to the utilization of mercury in dentistry. The study was based on a bibliographic review regarding the use of mercury in dental fillings and its potential toxicological risks for patients and due to occupational exposure. The studies also take into consideration national and international recommendations on the use of mercury and its occupational exposure limits. The review of the literature reveals the potential toxic effects of mercury both on the environment and on human health. Given that the use of dental amalgam is still very frequent in dentistry, there is a need for safety regulations in order to minimize the risks posed by dental amalgam in dentistry proceedings based on technical guidelines for its use, discard and final disposal. PMID:18813570

Grigoletto, Jamyle Calencio; Oliveira, Aline da Silva; Muñoz, Susana Inés Segura; Alberguini, Leny Borghesan Albertini; Takayanagui, Angela Maria Magosso

340

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. throws down the gauntlet: The claims of dentistry.  

PubMed

It had been over 30 years since the founding of the American Journal of Dental Science, the organization of the American Society of Dental Surgeons, and the establishment of the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery. Yet the general acceptance and inclusion of dentistry into the family of learned professions, and the recognition of dentistry as a truly professional calling by the public and medical community, were both still beyond reach. In 1872, Harvard University, under the new leadership of President Charles Eliot, re-confirmed American dentistry's profession legitimacy, implementing standards and reforms in the Harvard Dental School similar to those mandated to Harvard Medical School the previous year. Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. was given the task to articulate the justification for this contentious decision. PMID:21329235

Chernin, David A

2010-01-01

341

Comparison of a high and a low intensity smoking cessation intervention in a dentistry setting in Sweden – a randomized trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Tobacco is still the number one life style risk factor for ill health and premature death and also one of the major contributors to oral problems and diseases. Dentistry may be a potential setting for several aspects of clinical public health interventions and there is a growing interest in several countries to develop tobacco cessation support in dentistry setting.

Eva Nohlert; Åke Tegelberg; Per Tillgren; Pia Johansson; Andreas Rosenblad; Ásgeir R Helgason

2009-01-01

342

Postdoctoral Education in Dentistry: Preparing Dental Practitioners To Meet the Oral Health Needs of America in the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the history of postdoctoral programs in dentistry and medicine, focusing on postdoctoral general dentistry education, and describes the changing health-care environment in which future dental professionals will practice, relating the dental postdoctoral experience to that in medicine. A strategy is presented to prepare dental…

Glassman, Paul; Meyerowitz, Cyril

1999-01-01

343

Postdoctoral Education in Dentistry: Preparing Dental Practitioners To Meet the Oral Health Needs of America in the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the history of postdoctoral programs in dentistry and medicine, focusing on postdoctoral general dentistry education, and describes the changing health-care environment in which future dental professionals will practice, relating the dental postdoctoral experience to that in medicine. A strategy is presented to prepare dental practitioners…

Glassman, Paul; Meyerowitz, Cyril

1999-01-01

344

Purposeful Assessment Techniques (PAT) Applied to an OSCE-Based Measurement of Competencies in a Pediatric Dentistry Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Careful measurements of knowledge, attitude, and psychomotor and communication skills are necessary components of testing in a competency-based approach to education in dentistry. In an effort to address these requirements, Baylor College of Dentistry (BCD), Dallas, Texas, has applied Purposeful Assessment Techniques (PAT) to the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) currently in use. PAT are those techniques that allow one

William John Boone; Alton G. McWhorter; N. Sue Seale

345

EDS coal liquefaction process development. Phase V. EDS Consolidation Program: flushing and blowdown system design  

SciTech Connect

The flushing and blowdown system of an EDS plant provides the means of removing viscous coal products and slurry streams from plant vessels and lines. In addition, it provides the flushing oil needed during normal operations for purging instruments in slurry service, for flushing slurry pump and slurry agitator seals, and for flushing slurry safety valve inlet lines. It contains a blowdown system for collecting material from washing operations, including the transport of the collected material to slop tankage. The rerun options for depleting the inventory of collected slop are a related aspect of the flushing and blowdown system design although specific equipment for handling slop is not part of the flushing and blowdown system facilities. This report documents the results of a study which evaluates the flushing and blowdown requirements for a commercial-scale EDS plant. The work was conducted as part of the EDS Consolidation Program. The design recommendations represent a consolidation of learnings accrued during previous phases of the EDS Project including results obtained from ECLP operations, from the ECLP Test Program, and from past EDS Study Design preparations. 1 reference, 4 figures, 2 tables.

None

1984-01-01

346

Therapeutic decision making and planning in veterinary dentistry and oral surgery.  

PubMed

Veterinary dentistry is an exacting science, in which decisions are made not only for an individual patient, but also for individual teeth, which may vary in severity of disease. Multiple therapeutic decisions and treatment plans may be necessary for a single patient. Veterinary dental patients must be anesthetized to receive thorough treatment, which results in additional decisions that may not be necessary for human dental patients. This article discusses considerations and approaches toward therapeutic decision making and treatment planning in veterinary dentistry and oral surgery. PMID:23643017

Lewis, John R

2013-03-25

347

EDS Coal Liquefaction Process Development. Phase V. Laboratory evaluation of the characteristics of EDS Illinois bottoms  

SciTech Connect

This interim report documents work carried out by Combustion Engineering, Inc. under a contract to Exxon Research and Engineering Company to develop a conceptual Hybrid Boiler design fueled by the vacuum distillation residue (vacuum bottoms) derived from Illinois No. 6 coal in the EDS Coal Liquefaction Process. This report was prepared by Combustion Engineering, Inc., and is the first of two reports on the predevelopment phase of the Hybrid Boiler program. This report covers the results of a laboratory investigation to assess the fuel and ash properties of EDS vacuum bottoms. The results of the laboratory testing reported here were used in conjunction with Combustion Engineering's design experience to predict fuel performance and to develop appropriate boiler design parameters. These boiler design parameters were used to prepare the engineering design study reported in EDS Interim Report FE-2893-113, the second of the two reports on the predevelopment phase of the Hybrid Boiler Program. 46 figures, 29 tables.

Lao, T C; Levasseur, A A

1984-02-01

348

ED adds business center to wait area.  

PubMed

Providing your patients with Internet access in the waiting area can do wonders for their attitudes and make them much more understanding of long wait times. What's more, it doesn't take a fortune to create a business center. The ED at Florida Hospital Celebration (FL) Health made a world of difference with just a couple of computers and a printer. Have your information technology staff set the computers up to preserve the privacy of your internal computer system, and block out offensive sites. Access to medical sites can help reinforce your patient education efforts. PMID:17983029

2007-10-01

349

Student perceptions about the mission of dental schools to advance global dentistry and philanthropy.  

PubMed

In this study, 491 dental students at one dental school in the United States and one in Bulgaria were surveyed to assess their perceptions about the mission of dental schools to advance global dentistry and philanthropy. The study included questions about prior involvement in charitable dental missions. Many respondents felt that their dental school does not advance global dentistry nor adequately teaches students the virtues of philanthropy and volunteerism. The majority agreed, however, that dental schools have a moral obligation to raise the level of oral health care worldwide and help underserved communities access basic dental care. They reported that an opportunity to spend a semester at a foreign dental school would enhance their dental education in ways that are not presently fulfilled; help them better understand cultural diversity; and teach them about philanthropy and volunteerism. In their opinion, international exchange programs that provide clinical rotations and field experiences in economically challenged and underserved areas of the world would a) foster the global advancement of dentistry; b) promote an appreciation for cultural diversity and socioeconomic disparity in the communities that graduates will be serving; and c) teach students the virtues of philanthropy and volunteerism. This study may contribute to understanding factors affecting student involvement in programs to advance global dentistry. PMID:24098030

Ivanoff, Chris S; Ivanoff, Athena E; Yaneva, Krassimira; Hottel, Timothy L; Proctor, Hannah L

2013-10-01

350

The Future of Academic Dentistry in a Changing Health Care Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is anticipated that given current economic, social, and educational trends, some dental, medical, nursing, and pharmacy schools will close, and health occupations education will be characterized by more interdisciplinary cooperation and regionalization of resources. Clustering of dentistry schools and better use of information and…

Slavkin, Harold

1996-01-01

351

The Pew National Dental Education Program at the University of Florida College of Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic planning at the University of Florida College of Dentistry identified: the needs of the elderly population; the remote location of the dental school relative to the population in the state; the need to expand clinical research; the need to utilize computers; the reliance on state funding; etc. (MLW)

McNeal, Donbald R.; And Others

1990-01-01

352

Evaluation of an Audience Response System in a Preclinical Operative Dentistry Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student performance was compared on written and psychomotor skill tests of freshman dental students receiving con- ventional lectures versus the same lectures containing interactive components using TurningPoint, a wireless audience response system (ARS). The research design was a controlled crossover study with seventy-seven freshman dental students conducted in a preclinical operative dentistry course. Two randomized groups alternated the two study

Ana Elashvili; Gerald E. Denehy; Deborah V. Dawson; Marsha A. Cunningham

353

Expansion of Postdoctoral General Dentistry Training: Meeting National Need and Demand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Association of Dental Schools' policy statement concerning expansion of postdoctoral general dentistry (PGD) training looks at the association's history, purpose, impact, kinds and quantity of student openings available, demand for training, models for expansion, mandatory training in Europe, accreditation, and finance.…

Journal of Dental Education, 1994

1994-01-01

354

Linking Postdoctoral General Dentistry Programs with Managed Care Programs and Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents results of a work group convened by the American Association of Dental Schools to examine experiences related to postdoctoral general dentistry (PGD) programs linked with managed care systems and clinical settings. The group identified factors and conditions believed to be critical to the planning, development, and conduct of PGD programs…

Weaver, Richard G.; Gray, Carolyn F.; Colangelo, Gary A.; Ferretti, Gerald A.; Galbally, James F.; Garrison, Raymond S.; Martens, Les; Hayes, Kathy L.

1998-01-01

355

Lessons Learned from the Competency-Based Curriculum Initiative at Baylor College of Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Chronicles development of the Baylor College of Dentistry (Texas) competency-based curriculum and outlines 11 lessons learned concerning strategic planning, external accountability, value of significant and continuing faculty participation, administrative support structures, linking planning and assessment, using multiple assessment methods,…

McCann, Ann L.; Babler, William J.; Cohen, Peter A.

1998-01-01

356

An Association Perspective: Responding to the American Dental Association's Future of Dentistry Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In response to the American Dental Association's (ADA) Future of Dentistry Project, the American Dental Education Association (ADEA) provided perspective on the most critical issues facing the dental profession. ADEA responded in six areas, each corresponding to areas of focus in the ADA project. This report reflects comments provided to the ADEA…

Hutchinson, Rowland A.; Haden, N. Karl; Valachovic, Richard W.

2000-01-01

357

Linking Postdoctoral General Dentistry Programs with Managed Care Programs and Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents results of a work group convened by the American Association of Dental Schools to examine experiences related to postdoctoral general dentistry (PGD) programs linked with managed care systems and clinical settings. The group identified factors and conditions believed to be critical to the planning, development, and conduct of PGD…

Weaver, Richard G.; Gray, Carolyn F.; Colangelo, Gary A.; Ferretti, Gerald A.; Galbally, James F.; Garrison, Raymond S.; Martens, Les; Hayes, Kathy L.

1998-01-01

358

Dental Faculty Perceptions of Workplace Environment and Job Satisfaction at a Southeastern University, College of Dentistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to replicate the American Dental Education Association 2007 Dental Faculty Perceptions of Workplace Environment survey at A Southeastern University, College of Dentistry. The study examined dental faculty perceptions of academic workplace variables including culture and environment, as well as professional…

Cooper, Sharon L.

2009-01-01

359

Dental Faculty Perceptions of Workplace Environment and Job Satisfaction at a Southeastern University, College of Dentistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to replicate the American Dental Education Association 2007 Dental Faculty Perceptions of Workplace Environment survey at A Southeastern University, College of Dentistry. The study examined dental faculty perceptions of academic workplace variables including culture and environment, as well as professional development…

Cooper, Sharon L.

2009-01-01

360

Buccal Cavity Protozoa in Patients Referred to the Faculty of Dentistry in Tehran, Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

Buccal cavity as a compound ecosystem has always been ignored in parasitic infection studies; however it seems that studying on mouth and tooth prevalent parasitic infections is of great importance. In this study, from 120 patients of both sexes referred to Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran, (2001-2002) 240 samples were taken from the plaques and calculus

MJ Gharavi; S Hekmat; A Ebrahimi

361

Current teaching of restraint and sedation in pediatric dentistry: a survey of program directors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Directors of advanced educational programs in pediatric dentistry were surveyed to examine the usage patterns of various physical and pharmacological restraint techniques over the past five years. Results indicate that while the overall use of sedation has decreased, the use of oral sedative agents reportedly increased by 42.1%. The net decrease resulted from large decreases in parenteral administration. While the

George Acs; Celia-Ann W. Musson; Mary Joyce Burke

1990-01-01

362

Teacher and Principal Survey Results in the National Preventive Dentistry Demonstration Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The National Preventive Dentistry Demonstration Program was conducted to assess the costs and benefits of combinations of school-based preventive dental care procedures. The program involved almost 30,000 elementary school children from 10 sites across the country. Classroom procedures, such as weekly fluoride mouthrinse, were administered or…

Klein, Stephen P.; And Others

363

Cost of Treatment Procedures in the National Preventive Dentistry Demonstration Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The National Preventive Dentistry Demonstration Program (NPDDP) delivered five different regimens of school based preventive dental care to groups of children in 10 American cities between 1977 and 1981. All clinical techniques employed had previously been demonstrated to be both safe and effective in clinical trials. The purpose of the NPDDP was…

Foch, Craig B.; And Others

364

Exploring motivational interviewing and its philosophical alignment to an undergraduate behavioural science programme in dentistry.  

PubMed

Motivational interviewing (MI) is a client-centred, directive, therapeutic approach that enhances clients' readiness to change by exploring their ambivalence about doing so, thus increasing their motivation to change, and by helping them to commit to the process of change. MI is now being applied to dentistry in the area of oral health e.g. smoking cessation and the prevention of early childhood caries. This aligns dentistry with other healthcare professions in their focus on utilising MI to bring about behavioural change. This paper focuses on how the profession of dentistry would benefit from examining how to integrate MI both in undergraduate teaching and practice. Currently the teaching focus in relation to MI has centred on the theoretical content and less on underlying philosophy. This paper explores how a teaching philosophy, as delivered in the behavioural science programme in the School of Dentistry, University College Cork, Ireland, can provide a framework for teaching MI. Key components within this teaching philosophy are: teaching for understanding, developing reflective practice and student-centred teaching. PMID:23574184

Curtin, S; Trace, A

2012-10-16

365

Factors Influencing Pursuit and Satisfaction of Academic Dentistry Careers: Perceptions of New Dental Educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

New dental educators (n = 280) with zero to five years full-time teaching experience were surveyed to ascertain their perceptions regarding salary, work environment, and workload to determine the impact of these factors on faculty recruitment and retention. Work environment was the most frequently reported factor for considering and maintaining an academic dentistry position. Educational resources, facilities, salary, and benefits

Kathi R. Shepherd; Patricia Nihill; Ronald W. Botto; Melanie W. McCarthy

366

An Association Perspective: Responding to the American Dental Association's Future of Dentistry Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the American Dental Association's (ADA) Future of Dentistry Project, the American Dental Education Association (ADEA) provided perspective on the most critical issues facing the dental profession. ADEA responded in six areas, each corresponding to areas of focus in the ADA project. This report reflects comments provided to the ADEA…

Hutchinson, Rowland A.; Haden, N. Karl; Valachovic, Richard W.

2000-01-01

367

Laser dentistry: A new application of excimer laser in root canal therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the first study of the application of excimer lasers in dentistry for the treatment of dental root canals. High-energy ultraviolet (UV) radiation emitted by an XeCl excimer laser (308 nm) and delivered through suitable optical fibers can be used to remove residual organic tissue from the canals. To this aim, UV ablation thresholds of dental tissues have been

Roberto Pini; Renzo Salimbeni; Matteo Vannini; Roberto Barone; Carlo Clauser

1989-01-01

368

Application of finite element analysis in implant dentistry: A review of the literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finite element analysis (FEA) has been used extensively to predict the biomechanical performance of various dental implant designs as well as the effect of clinical factors on implant success. By understanding the basic theory, method, application, and limitations of FEA in implant dentistry, the clinician will be better equipped to interpret results of FEA studies and extrapolate these results to

Jian-Ping Geng; Keson B. C. Tan; Gui-Rong Liu

2001-01-01

369

The continuum of restorative materials in pediatric dentistry-a review for the clinician  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many choices are available to the practitioner of restor- ative dentistry for children. With the introduction of sev- eral new classes of restorative materials in recent years, some confusion has been created about what these materials are, making it difficult to identij~ their appropriate clinical use. This paper reviews glass-ionomer materials, resin-modified (reinforced) glass ionomers, compomers, and composite res- ins

Joel H. Berg

1998-01-01

370

The current status of low level laser therapy in dentistry, Part 1. Soft tissue applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite more than 30 years of experience with low level laser therapy (LLLT) or 'biostimulati on' in dentistry, concerns remain as to its effectiveness as a treatment modality. Controlled clinical studies have demonstrated that while LLLT is effective for some specific applications, it is not a panacea. This paper provides an outline of the biological basis of LLLT and summarizes

L. J. Walsh

1997-01-01

371

Lessons Learned from the Competency-Based Curriculum Initiative at Baylor College of Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chronicles development of the Baylor College of Dentistry (Texas) competency-based curriculum and outlines 11 lessons learned concerning strategic planning, external accountability, value of significant and continuing faculty participation, administrative support structures, linking planning and assessment, using multiple assessment methods,…

McCann, Ann L.; Babler, William J.; Cohen, Peter A.

1998-01-01

372

Inter-professional conflict and professionalization: dentistry and dental hygiene in Ontario  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Ontario, Canada, an inter-professional struggle is occurring between the professions of dentistry and dental hygiene over who should be the primary oral health care provider for the public; that is, when someone seeks dental treatment, who should they see first? This conflict has been spurred by recent changes in the regulation of health care professions, changing markets for professional

Tracey L. Adams

2004-01-01

373

Robotics in implant dentistry: stress\\/strain analysis. System overview and experiments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Implant surgery is generally accepted as the best technique for complete teeth replacement. However, it is also the most demanding technique to implement and the most onerous to the client. It would be helpful to reduce costs and simplify procedures in order that the general public could benefit from implant dentistry. This paper reports a robotic system developed

J. N. Pires; F. J. Caramelo; P. Brito; J. Santos; M. F. Botelho

2006-01-01

374

Early Recollections of Individuals Preparing for Careers in Clinical Psychology, Dentistry, and Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compared early recollections of students (N=90) preparing for careers in clinical psychology, dentistry, and law for differences significant to vocational choice and life-style. Results showed that recollections of psychology students showed significantly more negative affect, threatening situations, and less reference to other groups of people.…

Hafner, James L.; Fakouri, M. Ebrahim

1984-01-01

375

3D surface imaging in dentistry – what we are looking at  

Microsoft Academic Search

3D imaging has been widely used within various fields of dentistry to aid diagnosis, in treatment planning and appliance construction. Whereas traditionally this has involved the use of impression materials together with plaster or stone models, modern techniques are continually evolving which use virtual 3D images. These electronic virtual images are created using either contact or non-contact optical scanning techniques,

C. McNamara; M. J. Clover; K. House; N. Wenger; M. E. Barbour; K. Alemzadeh; L. Zhang; J. R. Sandy; A. J. Ireland

2008-01-01

376

Effect of Financial Incentive on Productivity in a Postgraduate General Dentistry Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The advanced education in general dentistry program at the Eastman Dental Center (Rochester, NY) operates an after-hours clinic simulating private practice. With an optional financial incentive program for students in lieu of a fixed stipend, the clinic's fee income has increased substantially. Advantages and potential abuses are discussed. (MSE)

Jensen, Oivind E.; And Others

1990-01-01

377

An Application of Interpersonal Process Recall for Teaching Behavioral Sciences in Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional packages used at the University of California Los Angeles School of Dentistry are described that include a series of video-cassettes in which audiotaped recall and videotaped interactions have been combined as a means of analyzing the interpersonal dimension of dental care in the classroom. (Author/MLW)

Gershen, Jay A.; And Others

1980-01-01

378

Early Recollections of Individuals Preparing for Careers in Clinical Psychology, Dentistry, and Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared early recollections of students (N=90) preparing for careers in clinical psychology, dentistry, and law for differences significant to vocational choice and life-style. Results showed that recollections of psychology students showed significantly more negative affect, threatening situations, and less reference to other groups of people.…

Hafner, James L.; Fakouri, M. Ebrahim

1984-01-01

379

Experience and Policy Implications of Children Presenting With Dental Emergencies to US Pediatric Dentistry Training Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe and substantiate the experience of children, their families, and their caregivers with children's dental pain and to explore implications of these experiences for public policy. Methods: Data for 301 children presenting to 35 pediatric dentistry training programs during a 1-week period in 2000 for pain relief were collected with a questionnaire

Burton Edelstein; Clemencia M. Vargas; Devanie Candelaria

2006-01-01

380

Dentists and the patients who love them: professional and patient views of dentistry.  

PubMed

Dentistry has long been identified with the bizarre or sadistic in books, movies and sitcoms. But how do dentists see themselves? How do patients view their dentists? Professional qualities of the ideal dentist, the surveyed dentist and the dentists of surveyed patients are discussed. PMID:8157838

Gerbert, B; Bleecker, T; Saub, E

1994-03-01

381

Passive damping in EDS maglev systems.  

SciTech Connect

There continues to be strong interest in the subjects of damping and drag forces associated with electrodynamic suspension (EDS) systems. While electromagnetic drag forces resist the forward motion of a vehicle and therefore consume energy, damping forces control, at least in part, the response of the vehicle to disturbances. Ideally, one would like to reduce the drag forces as much as possible while retaining adequate damping forces to insure dynamic stability and satisfactory ride quality. These two goals turn out to be difficult to achieve in practice. It is well known that maglev systems tend to be intrinsically under damped. Consequently it is often necessary in a practical system design to enhance the damping passively or actively. For reasons of cost and simplicity, it is desirable to rely as much as possible on passive damping mechanisms. In this paper, rough estimates are made of the passive damping and drag forces caused by various mechanisms in EDS systems. No attention will be given to active control systems or secondary suspension systems which are obvious ways to augment passive damping mechanisms if the latter prove to be inadequate.

Rote, D. M.

2002-05-03

382

Intraoral Laser Welding (ILW) in Implant Prosthetic Dentistry: Case Report  

PubMed Central

The aim of this clinical study was to describe the possibility of using the Nd:YAG laser device utilized in the dental offices to weld metals intraorally. The authors, before applying this technique “in vivo” on human subjects, tested the “in vitro” metal welding efficacy of dental Nd:YAG device firstly by interferometry, SEM, and EDS and subsequently by thermal camera and thermocouples in order to record temperature changes during the welding process on bovine jaws. Four implants were inserted in the edentulous maxillary arch of a 67 years old male patient. Immediately after that, a bar previously made by the dental technician was intraorally welded to the abutments by Nd:YAG laser (Fidelis Plus III, Fotona, Slovenia) with these parameters: 9.90?mJ, 1?Hz, 15?msec, 0.6?mm spot. Then the prosthesis was connected to the bar with four OT Caps. This clinical study, even if preliminary, suggests that laser welding technique may be intraorally used without side effects.

Fornaini, Carlo; Merigo, Elisabetta; Cernavin, Igor; Lopez de Castro, Gonzalo; Vescovi, Paolo

2012-01-01

383

Teaching Visually Impaired Children. 3rd Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this exceptional new third edition, the author has retained much of the practical "how to" approach of the previous editions, but adds depth in two dimensions: learning theory and the educational process. This book is "so comprehensive in scope and complete in detail that it would be the most likely recommended" (from the foreword by Dr.…

Bishop, Virginia E.

2004-01-01

384

Teaching Visually Impaired Children. 3rd Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this exceptional new third edition, the author has retained much of the practical "how to" approach of the previous editions, but adds depth in two dimensions: learning theory and the educational process. This book is "so comprehensive in scope and complete in detail that it would be the most likely recommended" (from the foreword by Dr.…

Bishop, Virginia E.

2004-01-01

385

ANNUAL CATALYST RESEARCH PROGRAM REPORT (3RD)  

EPA Science Inventory

This report constitutes the Third Annual Report of the ORD Catalyst Research Program required by the Administrator as noted in his testimony before the Senate Public Works Committee on November 6, 1973. It includes all research aspects of this broad multi-disciplinary program inc...

386

3rd Brazilian Consensus on Helicobacter pylori.  

PubMed

Signi cant progress has been obtained since the Second Brazilian Consensus Conference on Helicobacter pylori Infection held in 2004, in São Paulo, SP, Brazil, and justify a third meeting to establish updated guidelines on the current management of H. pylori infection. The Third Brazilian Consensus Conference on H pylori Infection was organized by the Brazilian Nucleus for the Study of Helicobacter, a Department of the Brazilian Federation of Gastroenterology and took place on April 12-15, 2011, in Bento Gonçalves, RS, Brazil. Thirty-one delegates coming from the five Brazilian regions and one international guest, including gastroenterologists, pathologists, epidemiologists, and pediatricians undertook the meeting. The participants were allocated in one of the five main topics of the meeting: H pylori, functional dyspepsia and diagnosis; H pylori and gastric cancer; H pylori and other associated disorders; H pylori treatment and retreatment; and, epidemiology of H pylori infection in Brazil. The results of each subgroup were submitted to a final consensus voting to all participants. Relevant data were presented, and the quality of evidence, strength of recommendation, and level of consensus were graded. Seventy per cent and more votes were considered as acceptance for the final statement. This article presents the main recommendations and conclusions to guide Brazilian doctors involved in the management of H pylori infection. PMID:23748591

Coelho, Luiz Gonzaga; Maguinilk, Ismael; Zaterka, Schlioma; Parente, José Miguel; do Carmo Friche Passos, Maria; Moraes-Filho, Joaquim Prado P

2013-04-19

387

Periodic Table Live! 3rd Edition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Periodic Table Live! may not include everything you ever wanted to know about the elements, but it will probably answer any question you aren't afraid to ask. The third edition includes a new interactive graphing and sorting capability.

388

Elementary Science Guide -- 3rd Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a resource book to be used with instructional kits for elementary school science students, grade 3. The individual units at this grade level are based on curriculum which has been developed by the National Science Foundation in the 1960s and revised to meet student and teacher identified needs in Anchorage, Alaska. Six units are…

Wieland, Anne; And Others

389

Peace Corps. 3rd Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Projects, operations, and future plans are covered in this annual report for the third year of the Peace Corps. An introduction comments on returning volunteers and presents regional maps with tables for Latin America, Africa, Near East and South Asia, and Far East. Section 1 contains letters and reports from volunteers in Peru, Ivory Coast,…

Peace Corps, Washington, DC.

390

FIREDOC users manual, 3rd edition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

FIREDOC is the on-line bibliographic database which reflects the holdings (published reports, journal articles, conference proceedings, books, and audiovisual items) of the Fire Research Information Services (FRIS) at the Building and Fire Research Laboratory (BFRL), National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). This manual provides step-by-step procedures for entering and exiting the database via telecommunication lines, as well as a number of techniques for searching the database and processing the results of the searches. This Third Edition is necessitated by the change to a UNIX platform. The new computer allows for faster response time if searching via a modem and, in addition, offers internet accessibility. FIREDOC may be used with personal computers, using DOS or Windows, or with Macintosh computers and workstations. A new section on how to access Internet is included, and one on how to obtain the references of interest to you. Appendix F: Quick Guide to Getting Started will be useful to both modem and Internet users.

Jason, Nora H.

1993-12-01

391

Oxford Dictionary of Physics (3rd edition)  

Microsoft Academic Search

ISBN: 0 19 280030 2 How does one begin to review a dictionary? My first thought was of a recent sequence of correspondence in a popular science magazine, during which each contributor took great delight in unearthing mistakes in Richard Feynmann's Lectures on Physics. However, this would seem to be a rather negative approach and, in all likelihood, extremely futile

Paul A Craven

1996-01-01

392

Cerebral computed tomography, 3rd Edition  

SciTech Connect

This book is an introduction to the utilization of computed tomography in evaluating patients with intracranial and orbital disorders. It features clinical correlations and provides an overview of general principles, performance, and normal anatomy of CT. It covers evaluation of specific neurologic signs and symptoms, including stroke, metastatic disease, increased intracranial pressure, head injury, pediatric conditions, and more.

Weisberg, L.; Nice, C.

1988-01-01

393

RAVE 3rd data release (Siebert+, 2011)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spectroscopic radial velocities for 83,072 stars in the Milky-Way southern hemisphere using the 6dF instrument at the AAO. Stellar parameters are published for a set of 39,833 stars belonging to the second and third years of observation. (1 data file).

Siebert, A.; Williams, M.; Siviero, A.; Reid, W.; Boeche, C.; Steinmetz, M.; Fulbright, J.; Munari, U.; Zwitter, T.; Watson, F. G.; Wyse, R. F. G.; de Jong, R. S.; Enke, H.; Anguiano, B.; Burton, D.; Cass, C. J. P.; Fiegert, K.; Hartley, M.; Ritter, A.; Russel, K. S.; Stupar, M.; Bienayme, O.; Freeman, K. C.; Gilmore, G.; Grebel, E. K.; Helmi, A.; Navarro, J. F.; Binney, J.; Bland-Hawthorn, J.; Campbell, R.; Famaey, B.; Gerhard, O.; Gibson, B. K.; Matijevic, G.; Parker, Q. A.; Seabroke, G. M.; Sharma, S.; Smith, M. C.; Wylie-de Boer, E.

2011-06-01

394

BOOK REVIEW: Modern Physics, 3rd edn  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The number of broadly based physics texts written at a level corresponding to second year and above of UK physics degrees is limited. This is such a book thoroughly updated in a third edition, the first edition having been published 20 years ago. The book is unusual in that the reader is referred to the Freeman website www.whfreeman.com/physics for some additional sections. It will be interesting to see whether this proves to be an attractive feature. The coverage reflects the US emphasis on topics and contains both theoretical and experimental details. It should not be regarded as an introductory text although it is clearly written. Thus the first two chapters take the reader straight into relativity, concentrating mainly on special relativity but going on to general relativity. From here the reader is led to ideas of quantization of charge, light and energy, followed by an exploration of the nuclear atom, wavelike properties of particles and Schrödinger's equation. Solution of this equation for the hydrogen atom introduces a section on spectroscopy. The next chapter on statistical physics includes Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein statistics and brings to a close Part 1, which concentrates on the theoretical groundwork. Consistent with its title, the book does not cover traditional aspects of thermodynamics and electromagnetic theory. Part 2 is entitled `Applications' and begins with a chapter on molecular structure and spectra. Lasers and masers are included here but geometrical, physical and nonlinear optics get limited or no coverage. Solid state physics follows but, despite the title of the book, there is little on modern devices, although the section on superconductivity mentions high temperature materials. The chapters on nuclear physics, fission, fusion reactors and medical applications and a chapter on particle physics are comprehensive. Finally a chapter on astrophysics and cosmology is referred to, but the reader must find this at the website. As this is an attractive chapter it is a pity that it is not printed within the book. Although viewing the chapter on the Web gives the benefit of full colour, it is not easy to read the textual information off the screen. Within the printed material, there are good diagrams with the addition of a single colour, burgundy, a colour that is wasted on those of us who are red-green colour-blind! Each chapter is provided with an impressive number of graded problems (it is not easy to provide such a comprehensive range of problems at this level) and numerical answers are given in the back for every third problem. There is a student solution manual available for these problems and a complete instructor's solution manual has also been produced. It is therefore a useful book for both students and lecturers.

Lovett, David

1999-09-01

395

EDs trying not to let the bed bugs bite.  

PubMed

As bed bugs have emerged as a growing problem for EDs, managers have developed strategies for prevention and decontamination. Here are some of the approaches they have shared with ED Management: Educate your staff on what they should look for on patients and in rooms that would indicate the presence of bed bugs. Be proactive. Have an exterminator examine your ED on a regular basis. A decontamination room on the outside of the building will prevent the spread of these bugs in your ED. PMID:20853579

2010-09-01

396

Connect-ED: Higher Education Information Exchange  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

St. John's University offers this distribution-only information service for and about institutions of higher education. Connect-ED was established to disseminate information about the programs, schools, faculties and courses of study of post-secondary institutions, schools of higher learning, or tertiary educational institutes, in order to assist subscribers in decisions regarding recruitment and selection. The list will be of particular interest to education administrators; faculty; information, public relations or recruitment officers; students; and potential employers. The material posted on this list might include: notices of new, established, or unique programs; special events, publications, and media coverage; conferences, meetings, faculty or institutional awards; changes in educational standards, admission criteria, or curricula; fees; scholarship availability; accreditation reports; calls for papers; application deadlines; degree requirements; credit balancing; and course delivery (traditional, on-line, Internet, teleconference or other methods).

1998-01-01

397

MetEd: Meteorology Education and Training  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The MetEd (Meteorology Education and Training) Website was established to provide education and training resources to benefit the operational forecaster community, university atmospheric scientists and students, and anyone interested in learning more deeply about meteorology and weather forecasting topics." Students and educators can find innumerable Macromedia Flash Player based modules covering aviation weather, climate, fire weather, satellite meteorology, hydrology and many more meteorological topics. Several of the modules include educational web casts. Acknowledging that users may not finish a module in one sitting, the website has an added bonus of allowing users to save their place within a module. Maintained by the Cooperative Program for Operational Meteorology, Education, and Training (COMET), the site offers materials on training and other educational opportunities as well. With new modules added frequently, anyone interested in meteorology education should regularly visit this website.

398

BioEd Online: Lessons: Microorganisms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The BioEd Online site, created by the dedicated staff at the Baylor College of Medicine, is a veritable cornucopia of material for science educators. The lesson plans are all classroom tested and high-quality. This particular corner of the site focuses on the world of microorganisms. The site includes 15 lessons, complete with video clips, slideshows, and .pdf files. The offerings here include "Comparing Sizes of Microorganisms," "Observing Different Microbes," and "Microbes and Disease." The videos are quite nice as they offer a brief introduction to each subject, along with suggestions for how to conduct the associated classroom activity. If visitors enjoy these lesson plans, they should explore the other categories under Classroom Lessons, such as Animals, Genetics, and History & Nature of Science.

2012-01-01

399

BioEd Online: Lessons: Microorganisms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The BioEd Online site, created by the dedicated staff at the Baylor College of Medicine, is a veritable cornucopia of material for science educators. The lesson plans are all classroom tested and high-quality. This particular corner of the site focuses on the world of microorganisms. The site includes lessons, complete with video clips, slideshows, and .pdf files. The offerings here include "Comparing Sizes of Microorganisms," "Observing Different Microbes," and "Microbes and Disease." The videos are quite nice as they offer a brief introduction to each subject, along with suggestions for how to conduct the associated classroom activity. If visitors enjoy these lesson plans, they should explore the other categories under Classroom Lessons, such as Animals, Genetics, and History & Nature of Science.

2012-03-02

400

Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance Report No. TA-78-62, Louisiana State University, School of Dentistry, New Orleans, Louisiana.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Environmental and personal air samples were analyzed at the Louisiana State University School of Dentistry (SIC-8221), New Orleans, on October 2 and 3, 1978, to determine exposures to toxic concentrations of nitrous-oxide (10024972), mercury (7439976) vap...

R. M. Taft

1979-01-01

401

The Wisconsin Approach to Faculty Development in Geriatric Dentistry and the Duke Approach to Faculty Development in Geriatric Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Shay, Simpson, and Biernat describe geriatric dentistry training that included mentorship and shared experiences with physician trainees. Cohen and Lyles describe a fellowship program in which physicians care for older patients in unique settings and conduct research projects. (SK)|

Shay, Kenneth; And Others

1996-01-01

402

The Wisconsin Approach to Faculty Development in Geriatric Dentistry and the Duke Approach to Faculty Development in Geriatric Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shay, Simpson, and Biernat describe geriatric dentistry training that included mentorship and shared experiences with physician trainees. Cohen and Lyles describe a fellowship program in which physicians care for older patients in unique settings and conduct research projects. (SK)

Shay, Kenneth; And Others

1996-01-01

403

75 FR 69468 - Dentek.com, D/B/A Nsequence Center for Advanced Dentistry; Reno, NV; Notice of Affirmative...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LABOR Employment and Training Administration [TA-W-73,963] Dentek.com, D/B/A Nsequence Center for Advanced Dentistry; Reno, NV; Notice of Affirmative Determination Regarding Application for Reconsideration By application dated July...

2010-11-12

404

The EdD psychologist: Another American dilemma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the subordination of the EdD psychologist in various aspects of psychology and the elitism among psychologists responsible for the exclusion of EdD psychologists. The failure ot the American Psychological Association to examine this professional bias is noted, and the need to confront such prejudice is asserted.

Lawrence N. Houston

1977-01-01

405

Complex Adaptive Systems + Soft Computing = Emergent Design Systems (EDS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this paper is to illustrate how soft computing can be incorporated into the complex adaptive systems (CAS) framework to form a methodology for emergent design systems (EDS). Several design metaphors will be used to illustrate the application of the EDS methodology with respect to engineering design. Performance based structural design and architectural design will be used to

Mark S. Voss

2000-01-01

406

Domestic Violence in an Inner-City ED  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objective: To determine the prevalence of domestic violence (DV) for male and female ED patients and to determine the demographics of DV. Methods: The study design was a descriptive written survey of adults. We used the Index of Spouse Abuse (ISA), a previously validated survey tool. The study was set in an inner-city ED with approximately 75,000 patients annually,

Amy A Ernst; Todd G Nick; Steven J Weiss; Debra Houry; Trevor Mills

1997-01-01

407

Statistical analysis of low-voltage EDS spectrum images.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The benefits of using low ((le)5 kV) operating voltages for energy- dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS) of bulk specimens have been explored only during the last few years. This paper couples low-voltage EDS with two other emerging areas of characterizati...

I. M. Anderson

1998-01-01

408

Living a restricted life with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is an inherited connective tissue disorder, primarily affecting the skin, ligaments, joints and blood vessels. The symptoms can vary from undiagnosed cases with mild symptoms to more severe forms. A qualitative study was conducted with the purpose of exploring how individuals with different symptoms of EDS describe their symptoms and perceive their daily life. Eleven interviewees were

Britta Berglund; Gun Nordström; Kim Lützén

2000-01-01

409

Evaluation of the effect of a 3rd GnRH injection administered six days after the 2nd GnRH injection of Ovsynch on the reproductive performance of Japanese black cows  

PubMed Central

This study was designed to evaluate the reproductive performance of Japanese black cows following the 3rd injection of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) analogue administered concurrently with Ovsynch-based treatment on day 6 (day 1 = the day of ovulation). In Experiment 1, 12 cows were allocated into three groups: a control group that was subjected to Ovsynch treatment and then injected with a placebo on day 6; group 1 (Ovsynch + GnRH), which was subjected to Ovsynch treatment and was injected with GnRH analogue on day 6, and group 2 (Ovsynch + controlled internal drug-release (CIDR) + GnRH), which received Ovsynch-CIDR treatment and was injected with GnRH analogue on day 6. Blood collection and ultrasonographic observation of the ovaries were conducted daily. Both treatments induced the formation of an accessory corpus luteum and significantly increased the cross-sectional area of the luteal tissue when compared to the control. However, plasma progesterone (P4) was significantly higher in the treatment groups than in the control group on days 11, 12, 17 and 18 in the group 1 and from day 10 to 21 in the group 2. In Experiment 2, 41 cows were assigned to the same three groups described above and then artificially inseminated on day 1. The pregnancy rates on day 45 did not differ among groups. In conclusion, administration of GnRH analogue on day 6 following Ovsynch-based treatment did not improve the reproductive performance of Japanese black cows, even though the P4 concentration was higher in groups that received the GnRH.

Gaja, Abdurraouf Omar; Hamana, Katsumi; Kojima, Toshiyuki

2008-01-01

410

Role of Ozone Therapy in Minimal Intervention Dentistry and Endodontics - A Review  

PubMed Central

Ozone has been successfully used in medical field since many years owing to its oxidizing property making it an excellent antimicrobial agent. Moreover its potent anti-inflammatory property along with favorable cellular and humoral immune response made ozone an effective therapeutic agent. Also its ability to arrest and reverse carious lesions in a predictable way opened up a new chapter in minimal intervention dentistry. Furthermore its efficacy in curbing resistant poly microbial root canal flora appears very promising. This article is based on information through valid textbooks, peer reviews, journals and medline/pubmed search. How to cite this article: Reddy S A, Reddy N, Dinapadu S, Reddy M, Pasari S. Role of Ozone Therapy in Minimal Intervention Dentistry and Endodontics - A Review. J Int Oral Health 2013; 5(3):102-108.

A, Shilpa Reddy; Reddy, Narender; Dinapadu, Sainath; Reddy, Manoranjan; Pasari, Srikanth

2013-01-01

411

Understanding the jigsaw of evidence-based dentistry. 3. Implementation of research findings in clinical practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Part one1 of this three-part series provided an overview of evidence-based dentistry (EBD), provided one definition of EBD and, having introduced the EBD matrix, concentrated on the research synthesis part of the jigsaw puzzle. Part two2 focused on the middle row of this puzzle, the dissemination of research results. This final article deals with perhaps the most vital but the

Nigel Pitts

2004-01-01

412

Assessing the Effectiveness of Animation and Virtual Reality in Teaching Operative Dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper reports on a pilot investigation into the effectiveness of animation and virtual reality in conveying expertise to dental students. A cognitive task analysis technique known,as the Critical Decision Method was used to elicit both implicit and explicit knowledge,about complex amalgam,restorations from four restorative dentistry experts. The expertise was then embedded,into one paper-based tutorial and four computer-based,tutorials designed,to

B. l. William Wong; Betty P. Ng; S A. Clark

413

Attitudes of Contemporary Parents Toward Behavior Management Techniques Used in Pediatric Dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The objective of this study was to examine parental attitudes toward behavior management techniques currently used in pediatric dentistry. Methods: Fifty-five parents viewed videotaped scenes of 8 behavior management tech- niques being used during actual pediatric dental treatment. The 8 techniques shown were: (1) tell-show-do; (2) nitrous oxide sedation; (3) passive restraint; (4) voice control; (5) hand-over-mouth; (6) oral

Jonathan J. Eaton; Dennis J. McTigue; Henry W. Fields; F. Michael Beck

2005-01-01

414

An innovative behavioral science curriculum at the University of Tennessee College of Dentistry.  

PubMed

Communication skills have long been associated with practice success in dentistry. The Commission on Dental Accreditation's standards state that "Graduates must be competent in the application of the fundamental principles of behavioral sciences" and that "Graduates must be competent in managing a diverse patient population and have...interpersonal and communications skills." A recent survey of U.S. dentists found an underutilization of communication skills by general dentists. The University of Tennessee College of Dentistry strives for continuous improvement and has implemented an innovative behavioral science curriculum to improve students' communication skills, consistent with the College's "patient-centered, comprehensive care" philosophy. We describe the design and implementation of our "Patient-Centered Dentistry" course, in which third-year dental students practice communication skills with simulated patients in the Kaplan Clinical Skills Center on the UTHSC campus. The clinical simulations involve the following scenarios: The Initial Interview with a Patient, Presenting a Treatment Plan, Treating Patients with Fear and Anxiety, Interviewing Considerations for Difficult Patients, Delivering Distressing News to Patients, and Coping with a Drug-Seeking Patient. Student simulations were videotaped and assessed by course instructors as well as clinical faculty, and students received immediate feedback by instructors and clinical faculty after their simulations. Students were provided with the opportunity to view their simulation performance and to reflect on their performance in order to recognize their communication strengths as well as areas for improvement. The use of simulation experiences is becoming a widespread and expected practice in health care education. The Patient-Centered Dentistry course provides students with the opportunity to experience the kinds of real-life situations that they would experience in dental practice, without risks to patients. It provides students with the opportunity to assess their communication skills, make mistakes and improve. PMID:23909086

Seeberg, Marcia S; Scarbecz, Mark; Hottel, Timothy L

415

U.S. Predoctoral Education in Pediatric Dentistry: Its Impact on Access to Dental Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to identify faculty, organization, patient pool, and procedures taught in predoctoral pediatric dentistry programs using a questionnaire sent to all fifty-five U.S. dental schools in 2001. Forty-eight (87 percent) programs reported an average of 3.9 full-time and 2.1 part-time FTE faculty, resulting in a mean faculty to student ratio of 1:6.4. One-third employ general dentists to teach

N. Sue Seale; Paul S. Casamassimo

416

Insights on Ceramics as Dental Materials. Part I: Ceramic Material Types in Dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ceramics are widely used biomaterials in prosthetic dentistry due to their attractive clinical properties. They are aesthetically\\u000a pleasing with their color, shade and luster, and they are chemically stable. The main constituents of dental ceramic are Si-based\\u000a inorganic materials, such as feldspar, quartz, and silica. Traditional feldspar-based ceramics are also referred to as “Porcelain”.\\u000a The crucial difference between a regular

Gary Willie Ho; Jukka Pekka Matinlinna

2011-01-01

417

Ketalar (CI581) in paediatric dentistry: A field trial in three arctic communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Three hundred and ten children were anaesthetized with Ketalar for dental surgery in three Arctic communities; in five, conservative\\u000a dentistry was also carried out. In all cases Ketalar provided satisfactory conditions for the dental work required. The average\\u000a duration of the surgical procedure was under ten minutes, and five to six children could be treated within an hour. On the

W. E. Spoerel

1970-01-01

418

Combined Novel Bonding Method of Resin to Zirconia Ceramic in Dentistry: A Pilot Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zirconia is a promising metal-free framework material that can be used to construct all-ceramic resin-bonded restorations in modern minimally invasive dentistry. The lack of a durable bond to zirconia is the major limitation against its widespread use. A technique to promote adhesion to the zirconia surface has thus been actively sought in dental materials research. Selective infiltration etching (SIE) has

Moustafa N. Aboushelib; Jukka P. Matinlinna

2011-01-01

419

Role of oral and maxillofacial radiology in clinical dentistry —Current status and future perspective in Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Taiwan, seven dental schools, three national and four private schools have formal certified dental programs. Among the\\u000a undergraduate courses, oral and maxillofacial radiology is a compulsory subject for all the dental students. In clinical dentistry,\\u000a oral radiology may not be an independent department, depending on the different policies of each hospital. For example, the\\u000a oral radiology section is part

Yat-Hang Yan

1996-01-01

420

An overview of in vitro abrasive finishing & CAD\\/CAM of bioceramics in restorative dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is to review the published works related to the CAD\\/CAM and in vitro finishing of bioceramics in restorative dentistry over the last two decades. Bioceramics with a wide spectrum of glass–ceramics, reinforced porcelains, zirconias, aluminas, fiber-reinforced ceramic composites and multi-layered ceramic structures are firstly classified with two categories based on their machinabilities. The investigations on the restorative performance

Ling Yin; X. F. Song; Y. L. Song; T. Huang; J. Li

2006-01-01

421

[Traditional and ayurvedic herbalism, homeopathy--the alternative therapeutic methods in dentistry. Review].  

PubMed

Herbalism is the oldest therapeutic system useful also ayurvedic medicine. Homepathy uses small doses of various substances to stimulate autoregulatory and self-healing processes. Medicines are prepared by serial dilution and shaking, which proponents claim imprints information into water. Ayurveda is a holistic form of therapy. In this meaning herbalism selects substances by matching a patient's symptoms with symptoms produced by these substances in healthy individuals. The some substances useful in dentistry were showed in this letter. PMID:23421114

Wyganowska-Swiatkowska, Marzena; Kurha?ska-Flisykowska, Anna

2012-01-01

422

Safeguarding children in dentistry: 2. Do paediatric dentists neglect child dental neglect?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this second part of a two-part report, further findings of a postal questionnaire sent in March 2005 to dentists with an interest in paediatric dentistry working in varied UK settings are presented and discussed in the context of current multi-agency good practice in safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children. Using insights gained from a survey of self-reported management

C. Elcock; P. D. Sidebotham; R. R. Welbury; J. C. Harris

2009-01-01

423

Material-specific contrast in the ESEM and its application in dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope (ESEM) equipped with a Gaseous Secondary Electron Detector (GSED) was used to image and analyze materials of different density, composition and structure applied in dentistry. Under ESEM conditions (at a H2O vapor pressure of 1–10 Torr) the hydrated surfaces of native teeth, which were coated with different polymers, generated a topographic and also a material specific

N. Franz; M. O. Ahlers; A. Abdullah; H. Hohenberg

2006-01-01

424

Access to special care dentistry, part 8. Special care dentistry services: seamless care for people in their middle years - part 2.  

PubMed

This article about special care dentistry in the middle years considers people who have Down's syndrome and cerebral palsy and those who have cardiac and respiratory disease. The increased life expectancy of people with Down's syndrome, currently 50-60 years, is reflected in the changing population profile and needs of these individuals. The preventive and dental treatment of most people with Down's syndrome and cerebral palsy can be met in general dental practice. However, those people with profound disability, anxiety or learning disability may require either a shared approach to care or referral for specialist care. Cardiac and respiratory disease occur commonly in the general population both in middle and older age groups and the dental team will meet increasing numbers of people with these conditions. The procedures and drugs used in dentistry can aggravate heart disease and it is important that the dental team are aware of the common cardiac conditions and their management, as well as how to best manage the oral care of this group. Also, they have a role to play in the provision of oral health advice, smoking cessation and dietary advice. This is particularly important as poor oral hygiene has been linked to respiratory pathogen colonisation and dental plaque may act as a reservoir for aspiration pneumonia in susceptible individuals. PMID:18849933

Lewis, D; Fiske, J; Dougall, A

2008-10-11

425

Role of titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4) in conservative dentistry: A systematic review  

PubMed Central

The role of fluoride to reduce demineralization and enhance remineralization of dental hard tissue has been well documented. Different forms of fluoride solutions have been topically used in dentistry as prophylactic agents against tooth decay. In the recent past, metal fluorides, especially titanium tetrafluoride, have become popular in the fraternity of dental research due to their unique interaction with dental hard tissue. Many studies on titanium tetrafluoride, with positive and negative conclusions, have been published in many research journals. This gives the reader a plethora of inconclusive results with one study neutralizing the outcome of other, which confuses us regarding the present status of titanium tetrafluoride in the field of dentistry. This is an endeavor to organize and present the various studies of this unique compound, to provide us with a lucid overall review of its versatile potential application in dentistry, along with its fallacy/drawbacks. We have discussed its role as a cariostatic agent, pit and fissure sealant, tooth desensitizer, against dental erosion, as a root canal irrigant and others.

Wahengbam, Pragya; Tikku, A P; Lee, Wahengbam Bruce

2011-01-01

426

Minor injury attendance times to the ED.  

PubMed

The Health Service Executive (HSE) highlights the need for effective patient throughput and management, whilst providing appropriate staffing and therapeutic interventions. It acknowledges that patient need is integral to the development of a nurse led service and advocates planning staffing levels to reflect arrival times of patients. An observational study of all patients who presented to the emergency department in July 2005 and February 2006 was undertaken (n=7768). The study identified 1577 patients suitable for treatment by the Advanced Nurse Practitioner (ANP) in these two months, which represents 20% of all patient attendances to the ED in this time period. A data collection tool was devised collectively by the ANPs to identify appropriate patients. The findings of the study revealed that 73% of patients suitable for the ANP service presented between the hours of 0800 and 2000, of which 54% attended between 0800 and 1600 h. Sunday emerged as the busiest day in July 2005 whereas Monday was found to be the busiest day in February 2006. Friday was found to be consistently busy for both months. PMID:19577204

Conlon, Ciaran; O'Connor, Cora; Mc Brearty, Paula; Carpenter, Bernadette

2009-03-03

427

EDs grapple with surging demand from patients with dental problems.  

PubMed

Emergency departments across the country are experiencing surging demand from patients who present with toothaches and other dental problems. In a new report, the Pew Center on the States in Washington, DC, reports that ED visits for dental concerns grew by 16% between 2006 and 2009. Analysts say the main contributing factor to this problem is a severe shortage of dentists--particularly dentists willing to accept low reimbursement levels from Medicaid programs. States and EDs are responding to the problem in multiple ways. Emergency department providers report that these patients often keep returning to the ED for dental care even though the most ED providers can generally do for them is provide antibiotics and pain medication, and referral to a list of dentists. Some EDs have had success distributing dental resource sheets with the names of dental providers who are willing to establish payment plans for patients. Also, some EDs utilize patient navigators to help make dental appointments for patients with dental concerns. A number of states are considering laws that would enable mid-level dental providers to provide routine dental care at lower cost. Alaska and Minnesota already allow the practice, although the impact on EDs is not yet clear. State dental associations are fiercely opposed to the practice, and experts acknowledge that no one solution will completely solve the problem. PMID:22545341

2012-05-01

428

Dentistry - a professional contained career in healthcare. A qualitative study of Vocational Dental Practitioners' professional expectations  

PubMed Central

Background New graduates in the UK presently spend one year in training as Vocational Dental Practitioners (VDPs) in preparation for primary dental care. There is a growing recognition that the emerging workforce has very different professional expectations to those of earlier generations, with implications for the profession, patients and the performance of health systems. The objectives of this study were to investigate why VDPs' in England and Wales perceive they chose dentistry as a professional career; how they perceive their vision has changed and the implications for their professional career plans, both short- and longterm. Methods Purposive sampling of schemes was undertaken to include urban, rural and metropolitan schemes, schemes in areas with and without dental schools and geographic coverage across England and Wales. All VDPs in these schemes were initiated to participate in this qualitative study using focus groups. A topic guide was utilised to standardise data collection. Informants' views were recorded on tape and in field notes. Data were transcribed and analysed using Framework Methodology. Results A total of 99 VDPs participated in the 10 focus groups. Their choice of dentistry as a professional career was motivated by multiple categories of influence: 'academic', 'healthcare', 'lifestyle', the influence of 'family', 'friends', 'careers advice' and 'work experience'. Consideration of the features of the 'professional job' appears to have been key to their choice of dentistry and the 'active rejection of medicine' as an alternative career. Entry into the profession was proving a challenging process for some but not all VDPs. Informants perceived that their vision had been moderated as a result of 'personal student debt', 'national workforce initiatives', 'limitations on clinical practice' and the 'cost of additional training'. Short term goals focused around 'recovery from the past' and 'preparation for the future'. Longterm goals covered the spectrum of opportunities within dentistry. Factors influencing VDPs longterm career plans fell into six main categories: professional, personal, financial, political, social and cultural. Conclusion VDPs chose dentistry because they perceived that it provides a financially lucrative, contained career in healthcare, with professional status, job security and the opportunity to work flexibly. They perceive that their vision is challenged by changes affecting education and the healthcare system. Longterm professional expectations were closely linked with their personal lives and support a vision of a favourable work/life balance.

Gallagher, Jennifer E; Clarke, Wendy; Eaton, Kenneth A; Wilson, Nairn HF

2007-01-01

429

Retrospective on community dentistry and public health at the University of Southern California (1966-1976), Part 2.  

PubMed Central

The authorization of departments of community dentistry and public health in the nation's dental schools is a relatively recent innovation in dental education. Such a department was established at the University of Southern California School of Dentistry in 1966, as part of the School of Medicine's effort to share responsibility in providing both access and availability of health services in inner-city Los Angeles, California. Dentistry was included in the protocol submitted to the US Office of Economic Opportunity to build a neighborhood health center in Watts, operated under the joint jurisdiction of the medical and dental schools. The dental division of the health center was designated a satellite of the community dentistry department. The department envisioned future changes during the revolutionary 1960s when all aspects of the nation were experiencing upheaval as traditional concepts were challenged by new attitudes. The nation's leaders in government and education as well as in the health professions were stimulated by scientific and technologic discoveries. Dentistry had come of age, having gained the respect of other health-care disciplines. It was a time of expanded exploration of means toward a healthier populace and a more sensitive ethical provider of health care. In one decade, the USC community dentistry department accomplished a major shift in attitude about the specialty from one of pervasive opposition and antipathy to that of acceptance and even enthusiasm. The department became competitive with similar units nationwide in educating dental students and practitioners to fulfill their responsibilities at the highest level of proficiency and to be true to the trust bestowed on them by the public. In pursuit of these goals, the department reflected credit on dentistry and the University of Southern California. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8

Dummett, C. O.

1998-01-01

430

Is aging a disease? A review of the Serono Symposia Workshop held under the auspices of the 3rd World Congress on the Aging Male. February 9, 2002, Berlin, Germany.  

PubMed

On February 9, 2002, Serono Symposia sponsored a workshop at The 3rd World Congress on The Aging Male that was held in Berlin, Germany at the Hotel Inter-Continental. The title of the workshop 'Is aging a disease?', was intended to convey recent interest in the subject of aging as a clinically relevant entity and to discuss causes and approaches to its management. The Workshop was co-chaired by Drs Viktor Büber and Richard F. Walker. Speakers included Drs George R. Merriam, Heinrich M. Schulte, Felice Strollo and Richard F. Walker. Topics were arranged to proceed from a general overview of fundamental aspects of the aging process and their clinical consequences to specific aspects of the diagnosis and treatment of age-related disorders that could be associated with neuroendocrine dysfunction. F. Strollo initiated the series of lectures by reviewing some of the biological theories of aging and suggesting that maladaptive changes within the central nervous and endocrine systems play a major role in contributing to the cascade of events defined as senescence. R. Walker expanded upon this background by differentiating aging and disease. He suggested that while the process of aging is not a disease, it is directly responsible for the development of functional decrements causal of the intrinsic disease, frailty and general morbidity that occur in direct relation to advancing chronological age. From this generalized approach of linking age and disease, G. Merriam discussed a specific example in which age-related decrements in neuroendocrine dysfunction could contribute, at least in part, to senescent changes in body composition and physiological function. Specifically, he provided evidence that the gradual decline in growth hormone (GH) and testosterone secretion during aging is accompanied by anatomical and functional changes resembling pathogenic hormone deficiency. He went on to discuss possible interventions into this process, specifically showing data to support the view that a combination of GH secretagogues and sex hormones may be of value in sustaining health and vitality in the elderly. As an extension of this discussion, H. M. Schulte compared and contrasted age changes in sex hormone secretion between genders, and also stressed that the diagnosis and management of endocrine changes during life has become a serious challenge to those physicians intending to intervene in the aging process. Because the relationship of reduced hormone secretion to disease in the elderly is presently unclear, the Workshop concluded on a note of caution that guidelines for the replacement of endocrine substances as a prophylactic approach to aging have yet to be defined. PMID:12471776

Walker, R F

2002-09-01

431

Elephants or Dinosaurs? A Call to Action for Ed Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To conclude this special section, guest editor Murphy examines why Ed Schools should redesign their leadership education programs, explores what it will take to foster change, and presents a model program to stimulate debate and action. (Contains 21 endnotes.)

Murphy, Jerome T.

2006-01-01

432

1. Photocopy of photograph (from Stuart, I. L., ed. History ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Photocopy of photograph (from Stuart, I. L., ed. History of Franklin County, Iowa. Chicago: S. J. Clarke, 1914. Date unknown, sometime in period 1866-1890 GENERAL VIEW - Franklin County Courthouse II, Courthouse Square, Hampton, Franklin County, IA

433

Economy predicted to put more pressure on EDs.  

PubMed

There is nothing that you, as an ED manager, can do to improve the nation's economy, but knowing what to expect will enable you to make more informed decisions about department operations. Here is what the experts say you should expect: Your patient census is likely to increase as more people become unemployed and lose their health insurance. It will be more important than ever to improve documentation where possible, assure correct coding and billing, perform internal audits and self-disclose overpayments before Medicare/Medicaid identify them. As hospital revenues drop, expect to see a 'substantial' impact on your ability to compensate ED physicians. (For more on ED manager salaries, see the ED Management 2008 Salary Survey results enclosed in this issue.). PMID:19160633

2009-01-01

434

Solar power-desalination PV*ED system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Photovoltaic-electrodialysis, PV*ED, power-desalination system is studied in which the seawater feed is heated in the PV-cells. Under simplified assumptions of a constancy of thermal PV efficiency and conversion factor of 0.5 for ED brakish water system, it is found that maximum potable water production per unit of insolation depends strongly on the temperature of seawater feed and the concentration factor

Kvajic

1980-01-01

435

Rethinking the Ed.D., or What's in a Name?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper traces the development of the Ed.D., explores the purposes the degree serves, and assesses its value. The creation of the degree stemmed largely from the reluctance of faculty in Arts and Sciences to offer the Ph.D. in professional schools. The one thing most Ed.D. programs have in common is that it is supposed to be an applied or…

Townsend, Barbara K.

436

Ice storm puts staff in ED to the test.  

PubMed

Creativity, planning ahead can help offset the problems severe winter weather can create for your ED. "Super-size" your wintertime staff to help deal with the inevitable patient surge during cold-weather months. Make sure your ED is fully stocked with blanket warmers and intravenous fluid warmers year-round, so you're always prepared for first winter storm. Optimize staff health by stressing re-education in procedures such as hand washing. PMID:16749577

2005-11-01

437

Resuscitate ED metrics with split-flow design.  

PubMed

Split-flow models used in conjunction with demand-to-capacity staffing and Lean strategies can resuscitate emergency department (ED) metrics by: Expediting front-end triage and intake processes, Segregating patient flow into two categories, with different care processes for each, Establishing a process of resource pooling in which physicians and nurses conduct joint assessments, Opening ED beds through the strategic use of results-pending waiting areas. PMID:23252232

Harris, Mark; Wood, Jeff

2012-12-01

438

Automated SEM-EDS GSR Analysis for Turkish Ammunitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, Automated Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDS) was used to characterize 7.65 and 9mm cartridges Turkish ammunition. All samples were analyzed in a SEM Jeol JSM-5600LV equipped BSE detector and a Link ISIS 300 (EDS). A working distance of 20mm, an accelerating voltage of 20 keV and gunshot residue software was used in all

Ismail Cakir; H. Bulent Uner

2007-01-01

439

SIC'ED: A Collaborative Intelligent System For Distance Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the collaborative distance learning system SIC'ED embedding concepts that are essential for collaborative learning and group interaction over the web. We are developing tools particularly tailored to address the needs of students. SIC'ED is intended to be a flexible education or auto-education plat-form and defines an educative server to which several tools are being progressively integrated such

Mahieddine Djoudi; Abdelmadjid Zidani; Said Talhi

440

New research highlights misconceptions about frequent ED users, utilization patterns.  

PubMed

Several new studies presented at ACEP's scientific meeting in October poke holes in the conventional wisdom that frequent ED users are abusing the ED for routine health care needs. Instead, investigators say patients typically have urgent or emergent concerns, regardless of their insurance status. Experts suggest that rather than trying to keep patients out of the ED, cost-control efforts should focus on establishing better referral systems of care. The studies suggest that frequent users actually represent a small percentage of ED patients, ranging from 2.1% in one study to 20% on the high end in another. For frequent ED users, the distribution by payer type tends to reflect the community. Similarly, the most common diagnoses for frequent users are similar to that of occasional users. According to one study, while Medicaid patients use the ED roughly twice as often as patients with private insurance, the triage decisions for these patients show that they have urgent or emergent concerns. PMID:23214227

2012-12-01

441

Rubber dam use during routine operative dentistry procedures: findings from the Dental PBRN.  

PubMed

Rubber dam use during operative dentistry procedures has been quantified based on questionnaires completed by dentists. However, based on the knowledge of the authors of the current study, there are no reports based on use during actual clinical procedures other than in dental materials studies and none based on routine care. The objectives of the current study were to: 1) quantify how commonly the rubber dam is used during operative dentistry procedures; 2) test the hypothesis that certain dentist, restoration and patient-level factors are associated with its use. A total of 229 dentist practitioner-investigators in The Dental Practice-Based Research Network (DPBRN) participated. DPBRN comprises five regions of the USA: Alabama/Mississippi, Florida/Georgia, Minnesota, Permanente Dental Associates and Scandinavia. Practitioner-investigators collected data on 9,890 consecutive restorations done in previously unrestored tooth surfaces from 5,810 patients. Most dentists (63%) did not use a rubber dam for any restoration in this study. A rubber dam was used for only 12% of restorations, 83% of which were used in one DPBRN region. With regions accounted for, no other dentist characteristics were significant. A multi-level multiple logistic regression of rubber dam use was done with restoration and patient-level variables modeled simultaneously. In this multi-variable context, these restoration-level characteristics were statistically significant: tooth-arch type, restoration classification and reason for placing the restoration. These patient-level characteristics were statistically significant: ethnicity, dental insurance and age. These results, obtained from actual clinical procedures rather than questionnaires, document a low prevalence of usage of the rubber dam during operative dentistry procedures. Usage varied with certain dentist, restoration and patient-level characteristics. PMID:20945739

Gilbert, Gregg H; Litaker, Mark S; Pihlstrom, Daniel J; Amundson, Craig W; Gordan, Valeria V

442

Rubber dam use during routine operative dentistry procedures: findings from the dental PBRN.  

PubMed

Rubber dam use during operative dentistry procedures has been quantified based on questionnaires completed by dentists. However, based on the knowledge of the authors of the current study, there are no reports based on use during actual clinical procedures other than in dental materials studies and none based on routine care. The objectives of the current study were to: 1) quantify how commonly the rubber dam is used during operative dentistry procedures; 2) test the hypothesis that certain dentist, restoration and patient-level factors are associated with its use. A total of 229 dentist practitioner-investigators in The Dental Practice-Based Research Network (DPBRN) participated. DPBRN comprises 5 regions: Alabama/Mississippi, Florida/Georgia, Minnesota, Permanente Dental Associates; and Scandinavia. Practitioner-investigators collected data on 9,890 consecutive restorations done in previously unrestored tooth surfaces from 5,810 patients. Most dentists (63%) did not use a rubber dam for any restoration in this study. A rubber dam was used for only 12% of restorations, 83% of which were used in 1 DPBRN region. With regions accounted for, no other dentist characteristics were significant. A multi-level multiple logistic regression of rubber dam use was done with restoration and patient-level variables modeled simultaneously. In this multi-variable context, these restoration-level characteristics were statistically significant: tooth-arch type, restoration classification and reason for placing the restoration. These patient-level characteristics were statistically significant: ethnicity, dental insurance, and age. These results, obtained fromactual clinical procedures rather than questionnaires, document a low prevalence of usage of the rubber dam during operative dentistry procedures. Usage varied with certain dentist, restoration, and patient level characteristics. PMID:23767163

Gilbert, Gregg H; Litaker, Mark S; Pihlstrom, Daniel J; Amundson, Craig W; Gordan, Valeria V

2013-04-01

443

Rubber dam use during routine operative dentistry procedures: findings from The Dental PBRN  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Rubber dam use during operative dentistry procedures has been quantified based on questionnaires completed by dentists. However, to our knowledge there are no reports based on use during actual clinical procedures other than in dental materials studies, and none based on routine care. Our objectives were to: (1) quantify how commonly the rubber dam is used during operative dentistry procedures; (2) test the hypothesis that certain dentist-, restoration- and patient-level factors are associated with its use. A total of 229 dentist practitioner-investigators in “The Dental Practice-Based Research Network (DPBRN)” participated. DPBRN comprises five regions: Alabama/Mississippi, Florida/Georgia, Minnesota, Permanente Dental Associates, and Scandinavia. Practitioner-investigators collected data on 9,890 consecutive restorations done in previously-unrestored tooth surfaces from 5,810 patients. Most dentists (63%) did not use a rubber dam for any restoration in the study. A rubber dam was used for only 12% of restorations, 83% of which were used in one DPBRN region. With region accounted for, no other dentist characteristics were significant. A multi-level multiple logistic regression of rubber dam use was done with restoration- and patient-level variables modeled simultaneously. In this multi-variable context, these restoration-level characteristics were statistically significant: tooth-arch type, restoration classification, and reason for placing the restoration. These patient-level characteristics were statistically significant: ethnicity, dental insurance, and age. These results, obtained from actual clinical procedures rather than questionnaires, document a low prevalence of usage of rubber dam during operative dentistry procedures. Usage varied with certain dentist-, restoration-, and patient-level characteristics.

Gilbert, Gregg H.; Litaker, Mark S.; Pihlstrom, Daniel J.; Amundson, Craig W.; Gordan, Valeria V.

2010-01-01

444

Tri-iodothyronine differentially induces Kupffer cell ED1/ED2 subpopulations.  

PubMed

Thyroid calorigenesis is carried out by activation of cytochrome-c oxidase, as well as by induction of mitochondrial and nuclear genes that code for cell respiratory apparatus components and uncoupling proteins. These effects operate increments in basal metabolic rate and also lead to increased production of oxygen and nitrogen reactive species in liver parenchymal cells. The hepatic antioxidant system is also compromised, since superoxide dismutase and catalase activities, glutathione content and lipid soluble antioxidants are reduced. Liver macrophages contribute to the hepatic oxidative stress observed in T(3)-treated rats, and both Kupffer cell hyperplasia and hypertrophy are reported. Kupffer cells constitute the main fixed macrophage population in the body and are a heterogeneous group of cells, derived from a less numerous population of local precursors, which are morphologically fairly distinguishable from the mature lineage elements. ED1 and ED2 antigens have been particularly useful in the characterization of Kupffer cell subpopulations. In particular, antibodies against these antigens provided evidence that T(3)- induced Kupffer cell hyperplasia causes a shift on liver macrophage population phenotype, leaning towards younger cell types. Despite the fact that sinusoidal environment itself stimulates the proliferation of macrophage precursors and their differentiation into Kupffer cells, increased Kupffer cell turnover rates modify the sinusoidal environment and may imply further functional effects. Thus, Kupffer cell hyperplasia secondary to increased T(3) levels is potentially a pro-inflammatory event, which involves both, the expansion of Kupffer cell precursor population by means of circulating monocyte recruitment, and the differentiation of preexisting local Kupffer cell precursors into mature liver macrophages. PMID:15051326

Gomes, Ligia F; Lorente, Sandra; Simon-Giavarotti, Karin A; Areco, Kelsy N; Araújo-Peres, Clóvis; Videla, Luis A

445

75 FR 71463 - Dentek.Com, Inc. D/B/A Nsequence Center for Advanced Dentistry Reno, NV; Notice of Negative...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Dentek.Com, Inc. D/B/A Nsequence Center for Advanced Dentistry Reno, NV; Notice of Negative Determination on Reconsideration...Dentek.com, Inc., d/b/a nSequence Center for Advanced Dentistry, Reno, Nevada (the subject firm) was based on the...

2010-11-23

446

Aesthetic quadrant dentistry using a chairside CAD/CAM system: a case presentation.  

PubMed

There are numerous CAD/CAM technologies available today for the production of highly aesthetic restorations with strength and precision. Laboratory-based CAD/CAM systems typically require the patient to receive a provisional restoration and then return to the dental office for a second visit for placement of the definitive restoration upon receipt from the laboratory. Chairside systems, as described in the following case presentation, allow excellent benefits to be achieved in one patient visit. Thus, this case presentation describes the sequences associated with single-visit, in-office CAD/CAM quadrant dentistry. PMID:16734151

Klim, James

2006-04-01

447

Case involving CAD/CAM-generated, screw-retained bridge demonstrates dentistry's scientific progression.  

PubMed

The patient in the case presented had successfully used a maxillary overdenture for more than three decades. However, the time had come for the prosthetic appliance to be replaced. This case, which involved the use of a titanium understructure that was designed and fabricated using CAD/CAM technology, illustrates how far dentistry has come since the patient first presented to the clinician some 35 years ago when dental science had not yet included such innovations as bone grafting and CT scans. PMID:22953602

Caruso, Joseph L; Kahng, Luke

2012-09-01

448

The rabbit as experimental model for research in implant dentistry and related tissue regeneration.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT The use of rabbits for experimental research has a long historical tradition. The aim of this review consists in outlining the use of the rabbit for research in implant dentistry and related tissue regeneration. Rabbits appear as a first-hand choice for fundamental implant design studies because of their size, easy handling, short life span, and economical aspects in purchasing and sustaining. In the following, the various anatomical sites in the rabbit will be summarized to provide an overview of current possibilities and limitations of this model for bone research in oral implantology. PMID:23617292

Stübinger, Stefan; Dard, Michel

2013-04-25

449

Research methodology in Dentistry: Part I - The essentials and relevance of research  

PubMed Central

The need for scientific evidence should be the basis of clinical practice. The field of restorative dentistry and endodontics is evolving at a rapid pace, with the introduction of several materials, instruments, and equipments. However, there is minimal information of their relevance in clinical practice. On the one hand, material and laboratory research is critical, however; its translation into clinical practice is not being substantiated enough with clinical research. This four part review series focuses on methods to improve evidence-based practice, by improving methods to integrate laboratory and clinical research.

Krithikadatta, Jogikalmat

2012-01-01

450

Practical marketing for dentistry. 3. Relationship marketing and patient/customer satisfaction.  

PubMed

In this article, we look at the philosophy of customer focus and value, and how dental practices can produce and deliver high customer value and satisfaction, to retain as well as attract their customers-the patients. Total quality concepts will also be discussed in the context of their relationship with marketing activities. In all cases, where 'customer' is referenced, this means 'patient' in the context of a dentistry, since patients are the customers, their requirements must be considered in targeting the marketing of a dental practice. PMID:8703601

Ball, R

1996-06-22

451

The right hand of the David: an analogy used in operative dentistry.  

PubMed

Educators must be able to guide students in their thinking, and analogies have emerged in the cognitive science literature as an effective tool in this domain because they allow students to relate new information to something they already understand. This gives relevance to what is being taught, allowing students to organize and conceptualize the new material for later retrieval by employing a student-centered approach to learning. This article presents an analogy used in the teaching of operative dentistry--the right hand of Michelangelo's David. PMID:18303712

Gardner, Karen

2007-01-01

452

The effect of blood drawing techniques and equipment on the hemolysis of ED laboratory blood samples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The objective of this study was to identify venipuncture and blood draw factors associated with hemolysis (red blood cell damage) of ED blood samples. Methods: A convenience sample of ED blood samples was studied for degree of hemolysis and phlebotomy technique using data obtained from surveys completed by ED nurses and\\/or ED clinical technicians. The questionnaires were submitted with

Marian Sue Grant

2003-01-01

453

Estrogenicity of resin-based composites and sealants used in dentistry.  

PubMed Central

We tested some resin-based composites used in dentistry for their estrogenic activity. A sealant based on bisphenol-A diglycidylether methacrylate (bis-GMA) increased cell yields, progesterone receptor expression, and pS2 secretion in human estrogen-target, serum-sensitive MCF7 breast cancer cells. Estrogenicity was due to bisphenol-A and bisphenol-A dimethacrylate, monomers found in the base paste of the dental sealant and identified by mass spectrometry. Samples of saliva from 18 subjects treated with 50 mg of a bis-GMA-based sealant applied on their molars were collected 1 hr before and after treatment. Bisphenol-A (range 90-931 micrograms) was identified only in saliva collected during a 1-hr period after treatment. The use of bis-GMA-based resins in dentistry, and particularly the use of sealants in children, appears to contribute to human exposure to xenoestrogens. Images Figure 1. A Figure 1. B Figure 2. Figure 3. A Figure 3. B Figure 4. A Figure 4. B Figure 5. A Figure 5. B Figure 6. A Figure 6. B Figure 7. A Figure 7. B Figure 8. Figure 9. Figure 10.

Olea, N; Pulgar, R; Perez, P; Olea-Serrano, F; Rivas, A; Novillo-Fertrell, A; Pedraza, V; Soto, A M; Sonnenschein, C

1996-01-01

454

Prospective utility of therapeutic ultrasound in dentistry--Review with recent comprehensive update  

PubMed Central

Background: The utility of ultrasound (US) for therapeutic purposes is still in its infancy. Therapeutic US (TUS) has been used widely in medical field for urological application, surgical intervention, bone healing, and osteointegration in cancer and healing of full thickness excised skin lesions, and within dentistry as a prediagnostic, diagnostic and therapeutic purpose. The purpose of the paper is to review and determine the efficacy of US as one of the treatment modalities for its role in maxillofacial region to reduce pain and promote soft tissue healing. Materials and Methods: A Medline search included of the international literature published between 1976 and 2011 and was restricted to English language articles, published work of past researchers including in vitro and in vivo studies, recent additions of textbooks on surgical and therapeutic applications of US and, current articles in conference papers and reports accessed from the internet using Google search engine on therapeutic ultrasound. Results: Very few article regarding effect of therapeutic of US for its use of insonation for treatment of patient with pain and soft tissue injury are available. This review article mainly emphasizes the therapeutic utility of US in dentistry for its effectiveness to decrease joint stiffness, reduce pain and muscle spasms and improve muscle mobility. In vivo studies have shown very little clinical effects. Conclusions: Further research is warranted in this clinically important area to make the development of noninvasive, multifunctional ultrasound devices for repair, regeneration and other therapeutic utility a success.

Rai, Shalu; Kaur, Mandeep; Goel, Sumit; Panjwani, Sapna; Singh, Shailly

2012-01-01

455

Bridge to dentistry: one dental school's approach to improving its enrollment of underrepresented minorities.  

PubMed

Presently, 25.7% of the U.S. population is comprised of Blacks/African Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans. The dental school enrollment of underrepresented minorities (URM) does not reflect this demographic distribution. In 1994, URM students comprised 12.68% of enrolled dental students, but in 1999, enrollment decreased to 10.53%. This trend is evident at Baylor College of Dentistry (BCD). Bridge to Dentistry involves formal linkages with local school districts, Texas colleges and universities, community organizations, dental clinics, community dentists, and BCD. The program is unique in that it targets students from kindergarten through dental school. The key components are awareness, attraction, preliminary education, facilitated-entry, admissions, financial aid, and retention. Some important features of the program are visits to area schools, visits to colleges and universities, summer enrichment programs, and academic advising. Preliminary results indicate the effectiveness of the program. BCD has increased its enrollment of URM students 325% over that of 1998. In 1998, 4.7% of the college's first-year student enrollment was URMs. In 2001, 14.6% of Baylor's first-year student enrollment was URMs. Since 1995, BCD has retained 90.6% of its URM students. PMID:12066438

Brooks, Ernestine S; Gravely, Tamara C; Hornback, Sheryl A; Cunningham, La Chelle P; McCann, Ann L; Long, Jack L

2002-01-01

456

Evaluating the Quality of Education at Dentistry School of Tehran University of Medical Sciences  

PubMed Central

Background: Educational evaluation is a process which deals with data collection and assessment of academic activities’ progress. In this research, educational evaluation of Dentistry School of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, which trains students in undergraduate and residency courses, was studied. Methods: This descriptive study was done with a model of educational evaluation in ten steps and 13 fields including purposes and mission objectives, management and organization, academic board members, students, human resources and support, educational, research, health and treatment spaces, educational, diagnostic, research and laboratory tools, educational, research, health and treatment programs and courses, process of teaching and learning, evaluation and assessment, alumni, and patients satisfaction. Data were collected using observation, interviews, questionnaires, and checklists. Results: Results of the study were mainly qualitative and in some cases quantitative, based on defined optimal situation. The total mean of qualitative results of educational evaluation of dentistry school in all 13 fields was 55.98% which is relatively desirable. In the case of quantitative ones, results of some fields such as treatment quality of patients and education and learning of the students were relatively desirable (61.32% and 60.16% respectively). Conclusion: According to the results, educational goals and missions, educational and research facilities and spaces which were identified as the weakest areas need to be considered and paid more serious attention.

Farzianpour, Fereshteh; Monzavi, Abbas; Yassini, Esmaeil

2011-01-01

457

The hidden poetry of Solyman Brown, the "poet laureate of dentistry".  

PubMed

One of the most important figures in the development of the dental profession was Solyman Brown, in whose home the leading dentists of his day met and organized the first national dental organization in the world as well as the first dental journal in the world. He was named the first secretary of the organization and served, for two years, as the first editor of the journal. A true Renaissance man, Brown was also a consummate, and widely published, poet, and his epic poem, Dentologia, was hailed by the critics of his day as a literary masterpiece, earning him the sobriquet, "Poet Laureate of Dentistry." Recently Solyman Brown's great-great grandson, cleaning out an attic, discovered a trunk full of material relating to Brown's life - his daughters' memoirs, many of his letters and other of his writings, and many of his unpublished poetical works. This author was fortunate to be able to study all this material, and the poems published herein give a much fuller and rounded picture of this monumental figure in American, and world, dentistry. PMID:12125699

Ring, Malvin E

2002-07-01

458

Robot saves ED stroke patients, addresses subspecialist shortage.  

PubMed

It isn't quite "2010 ED Odyssey", but the handling of stroke victims at Frankfort (KY) Regional Medical Center with the aid of a robot is certainly cutting edge. The University of Louisville Healthcare is making the robots and neurological consultants available at no cost. ED managers considering such a program can learn from the experiences at Frankfurt: Develop or amend your stroke code response to be used with the robot and the outside consultants. Have your staff go through a demonstration before implementing the program. Visit a facility using the program so you can see it in action. PMID:21400964

2011-02-01

459

Automated SEM-EDS GSR Analysis for Turkish Ammunitions  

SciTech Connect

In this work, Automated Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDS) was used to characterize 7.65 and 9mm cartridges Turkish ammunition. All samples were analyzed in a SEM Jeol JSM-5600LV equipped BSE detector and a Link ISIS 300 (EDS). A working distance of 20mm, an accelerating voltage of 20 keV and gunshot residue software was used in all analysis. Automated search resulted in a high number of particles analyzed containing gunshot residues (GSR) unique elements (PbBaSb). The obtained data about the definition of characteristic GSR particles was concordant with other studies on this topic.

Cakir, Ismail [Council of Forensic Medicine, Ministry of Justice, Istanbul (Turkey); Uner, H. Bulent [Institute of Forensic Sciences, Istanbul University, Istanbul (Turkey)

2007-04-23

460

Automated SEM-EDS GSR Analysis for Turkish Ammunitions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, Automated Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDS) was used to characterize 7.65 and 9mm cartridges Turkish ammunition. All samples were analyzed in a SEM Jeol JSM-5600LV equipped BSE detector and a Link ISIS 300 (EDS). A working distance of 20mm, an accelerating voltage of 20 keV and gunshot residue software was used in all analysis. Automated search resulted in a high number of particles analyzed containing gunshot residues (GSR) unique elements (PbBaSb). The obtained data about the definition of characteristic GSR particles was concordant with other studies on this topic.

Cakir, Ismail; Uner, H. Bulent

2007-04-01

461

Children with asthma in the ED: timing of corticosteroids.  

PubMed

In the research study "Corticosteroid Timing and Length of Stay for Children With Asthma in the Emergency Department," the authors conducted a retrospective medical record review of children with emergency department (ED) visits to a Connecticut Medical Center in 2007. Their aim was to determine whether administration of oral corticosteroids to patients with acute asthma exacerbation would decrease the mean length of stay in the ED by 10 min or more. We review and critique this article and use a case study module to illustrate the importance of these research findings and also the larger body of evidence supporting the early administration of corticosteroids in acute asthma. PMID:23899945

Shedd, Glenn Clinton; Shapiro, Susan E

462

Multivariate statistical analysis of low-voltage EDS spectrum images  

SciTech Connect

Whereas energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS) has been used for compositional analysis in the scanning electron microscope for 30 years, the benefits of using low operating voltages for such analyses have been explored only during the last few years. This paper couples low-voltage EDS with two other emerging areas of characterization: spectrum imaging and multivariate statistical analysis. The specimen analyzed for this study was a finished Intel Pentium processor, with the polyimide protective coating stripped off to expose the final active layers.

Anderson, I.M.

1998-03-01

463

Ecological Society of America: EcoEd Digital Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Are you on the lookout for good ecology education resources? Hosted by the Ecological Society of America (ESA), the EcoEd Digital Library provides educators with "a forum to contribute and locate peer reviewed ecology education resources that are scientifically sound and pedagogically useful." The website offers nine browsing categories including: Applied ecology, Communities, Ecosystems, Human impacts, Individuals, Interspecific interactions, Landscapes, and larger scales, Populations, and The science of ecology. The site also provides a search engine as well as an advanced search option. In addition, EcoEdDL offers forums and resource recommendations based on how you rate other resources.

464

Health Professions Team Building through Pharmacy, Dentistry, Optometry, and Podiatry: The 1992-93 AACP Argus Commission Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Argus Commission, asked to examine the interface between academic pharmacy and education programs in dentistry, optometry, and podiatry, envisioned a primary health care team and considered mechanisms for encouraging development of such teams and reducing competition. Its conclusions and recommendations are summarized here. (MSE)

Journal of Optometric Education, 1995

1995-01-01

465

A REMOÇÃO DA DENTINA CARIADA NA PRÁTICA RESTAURADORA - REVISÃO DA LITERATURA CARIES REMOVAL IN OPERATIVE DENTISTRY - A LITERATURE REVIEW  

Microsoft Academic Search

Caries removal approach has been controverted. A conservative view of operative dentistry carried out some questions and discussion about carious dentin removal, specially to know how much carious dentin is really necessary to remove. This study means a literature review about the real carious dentin incomplete removal application and consequences. Carious process stopping looks like a scientific evidence, when associate

Michele Weiss Kleina; Fábio Herrmann Coelho-de-Souza; Celso Afonso Klein-Júnior; Fabiane Piva

466

Clinical Care Provided on Postgraduate Dental Clinical Training Course at Tokyo Dental College Chiba Hospital, Department of General Dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Number of patients assigned to dental residents, course of treatment and number of various technical tasks performed as described in the Reports on Clinical Training of Dentists published by the Department of General Dentistry, Tokyo Dental College Chiba Hospital since its establishment in 2002 were compared between before (2003-2005) and after (2006-2007) clinical training was made mandatory, and the state

Toshiyuki Takahashi; Masatake Tsunoda; Toshiko Sugiyama; Daiki Yamakura; Yoshihiro Kondo; Akio Noro

2009-01-01

467

Cement-retained versus screw-retained implant restorations: Achieving optimal occlusion and esthetics in implant dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statement of problem. Optimal occlusion and esthetics are goals in prosthetic treatment. Implant dentistry is no exception.Purpose of article. The purpose of this article is to discuss how the choice to use screw-retained or cement-retained implants dramatically influences the occlusion and esthetics. (J Prosthet Dent 1997;77:28-35.)

Kenneth S. Hebel; Reena C. Gajjar

1997-01-01

468

Simulation and properties of Erbium-Doped Distributed Bragg Reflectors (ED-DBRs) and Fiber Bragg Gratings (ED-FBGs)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The structure of an active Erbium-Doped Distributed Bragg Reflector (ED-DBR) and a Fiber Bragg Grating (ED-FBG) is simulated using a rigorous transmission line model and an approximate version of the coupled-mode theory, respectively. The basic calculation steps and assumptions of the proposed simulation models are described and the key parameters that determine the devices' reflection characteristics are in detail discussed. By applying the proposed transmission line model, numerical results are provided for both spectral reflectivity and transparency response for an active-slab DBR with increased erbium-ion concentration. In addition, using coupled-mode theory for the simulation of the cylindrical geometry of the ED-FBG device, the pump power-dependent reflection and transmission coefficients are obtained and their potential use in active sensor applications are discussed.

Stathopoulos, Nikolaos A.; Savaidis, Stylianos P.; Simos, Hercules; Rangoussi, Maria; Kervalishvili, Paata

2013-10-01

469

FETC, TCEA Commemorate 25 Years of Serving Ed Tech Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There's only one way to prepare for all of the exciting things that the ed tech market has in store for 2005-- by attending a conference. That's why T.H.E. Journal hopes readers will join them at this year's FETC (Booth 1505) and TCEA (Booth 1934) conferences to help celebrate their 25th anniversaries. Overviews are provided for both conferences…

T.H.E. Journal, 2005

2005-01-01

470

Ricerche morfologiche ed istochimiche sulla glia del nevrasse di vertebrati  

Microsoft Academic Search

Con metodi istochimici e con metodi di colorazione e di impregnazione per il tessuto gliale fu studiato il materiale intercellulare interposto ai neuroni e fibre nervose nel nevrasse di anfibi urodeli ed anuri (Triton taeniatus, Triton cristatus, Amblystoma mexicanum, Xenopus laevis, Bufo vulgaris, Rana esculenta).

A. Bairati; G. Tripoli

1954-01-01

471

HAZ-ED Classroom Activities for Understanding Hazardous Waste.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Federal Superfund Program investigates and cleans up hazardous waste sites throughout the United States. Part of this program is devoted to informing the public and involving people in the process of cleaning up hazardous waste sites from beginning to end. The Haz-Ed program was developed to assist the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA)…

Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.

472

The Burned Patient: Assessment, Diagnosis, and Management in the ED  

Microsoft Academic Search

Burn injuries frequently present to the emergency department (ED). In the majority of cases, the burns are minor, yet, they require a careful assessment, cleaning, dressing, and careful fol- low-up. In the pediatric and geriatric populations, careful atten- tion, to the history and physical examination, and an awareness of burn patterns associated with abuse, may protect the patient from further

Heidi Teague; Sharon A. Swencki; Alice Tang; Carl Menckhoff

473

CCR5 is a receptor for Staphylococcus aureus leukotoxin ED.  

PubMed

Pore-forming toxins are critical virulence factors for many bacterial pathogens and are central to Staphylococcus aureus-mediated killing of host cells. S. aureus encodes pore-forming bi-component leukotoxins that are toxic towards neutrophils, but also specifically target other immune cells. Despite decades since the first description of staphylococcal leukocidal activity, the host factors responsible for the selectivity of leukotoxins towards different immune cells remain unknown. Here we identify the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-receptor CCR5 as a cellular determinant required for cytotoxic targeting of subsets of myeloid cells and T lymphocytes by the S. aureus leukotoxin ED (LukED). We further demonstrate that LukED-dependent cell killing is blocked by CCR5 receptor antagonists, including the HIV drug maraviroc. Remarkably, CCR5-deficient mice are largely resistant to lethal S. aureus infection, highlighting the importance of CCR5 targeting in S. aureus pathogenesis. Thus, depletion of CCR5(+) leukocytes by LukED suggests a new immune evasion mechanism of S. aureus that can be therapeutically targeted. PMID:23235831

Alonzo, Francis; Kozhaya, Lina; Rawlings, Stephen A; Reyes-Robles, Tamara; DuMont, Ashley L; Myszka, David G; Landau, Nathaniel R; Unutmaz, Derya; Torres, Victor J

2012-12-12

474

MatEd National Resource Center: Core Competencies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webpage from MatEd National Resource Center provides a set of core competencies for a variety of fields related to materials engineering. The documents on the website fall under the categories of maritime, nanotechnology, and gap analysis. The documents are available for download in DOC and PDF format.

2011-08-17

475

Embracing the Common Cause Advocating for Ed Tech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a common response from educators confronted with the notion of advocating for educational technology funding. But, in a time when U.S. funding for Ed Tech is in danger of being cut from the budget, ISTE believes that all of its members, and in fact, all U.S. educators, must become advocates for our common cause. "Effective advocacy from…

Roland, Jennifer

2006-01-01

476

ED physician house staff response to training on domestic violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveAbout one fourth of physicians report having received training on domestic violence. The purpose of this study was to determine the response of the ED house staff to an educational program on domestic violence against women. The research questions in this study were as follows: (1) What training topics did the house staff rate as most important and relevant to

Filomena F. Varvaro; Sharyn Gesmond

1997-01-01