Sample records for dentistry 3rd ed

  1. Mechanical engineers' handbook, energy and power. 3rd ed.

    SciTech Connect

    Myer Kutz (ed.)

    2005-12-15

    In addition to chapters on thermophysical properties of fluids, fundamentals of fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, heat transfer, combustion, and furnaces, Book 4 of the Handbook features coverage of both conventional (gaseous and liquid fuels, coal, and nuclear) and alternative (solar, geothermal, and fuel cells) energy sources, plus chapters on power machinery, refrigeration and cryogenics, environmental issues, and thermal systems optimization. Much of the material in this book is new or extensively revised, including coverage of such topics as: Heat pipes; Wind turbines; Fuel cells; Thermal systems optimization; Combustion; Fans, blowers, compressors, and pumps; Indoor environmental control; and Fluid power. Chapters of particular interest are: Combustion by Eric Eddings; Furnaces by Carroll Cone; Gaseous fuels by Richard J. Reed; Coals, lignite, peat by James Keppeler; and Air pollution-control technologies by C.A. Miller.

  2. CAB International 2014. Seeds: The Ecology of Regeneration in Plant Communities, 62 3rd Edition (ed. R.S. Gallagher)

    E-print Network

    Traveset, Anna

    © CAB International 2014. Seeds: The Ecology of Regeneration in Plant Communities, 62 3rd Edition (ed. R.S. Gallagher) 3 The Ecology of Seed Dispersal Anna Traveset,1 * Ruben Heleno2 and Manuel), plant genetic diversity and struc- ture (gene flow through pollen and/or seeds), community ecology (e

  3. [Rev 1.5 2003/07/03 for "Powder Technology Handbook" 3rd Ed.] V.21.7 TRANSPORT PROPERTIES

    E-print Network

    Ichiki, Kengo

    . By (1) or #12;[Rev 1.5 2003/07/03 for "Powder Technology Handbook" 3rd Ed.] (3), the self-diffusion[Rev 1.5 2003/07/03 for "Powder Technology Handbook" 3rd Ed.] V.21.7 TRANSPORT PROPERTIES Kengo such as diffusion coefficient and shear viscosity for dispersed systems, we have two ways ­ direct and indirect

  4. (In press, 2014). In M. Khosrow-Pour (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology (3rd ed.). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

    E-print Network

    Herring, Susan

    Science and Technology (3rd ed.). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. Ebooks, Ereaders, and Ebook of Informatics and Computing Indiana University, Bloomington, USA INTRODUCTION Ebooks (also: e-books), as a new.g., Tees, 2010) of portable ebook readers (or ereaders) for academic use, e.g., as regards their usability

  5. Introductory Chemistry: An Active Learning Approach, 3rd Edition

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Introductory Chemistry: An Active Learning Approach, 3rd Edition, by Mark S. Cracolice, Edward I. Peters published by Brooks/Cole, 2007.

  6. Dentistry: Careers in Dentistry

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Access member-only practice content ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry Find evidence to support your clinical decisions ... Research Dental Practice Parameters Dental Standards Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry Dental Quality Alliance Science in the News ...

  7. Electric power systems, 3rd ed. , Revised

    SciTech Connect

    Weedy, B.M.

    1987-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction. Basic Concepts. Components of a Power System. Control of Power and Frequency. Control of Voltage and Reactive Power. Load Flows. Fault Analysis. Stability Limits. Direct Current Transmission. Overvoltages and Insulation Requirements. Overhead Lines and Underground Cables. Protection.

  8. Kepler's 3rd Law: Application of Kepler's 3rd Law

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    David Stern

    In this two-part lesson, Newton's calculation is applied to artificial Earth satellites. It is shown that, at least for circular orbits, this calculation leads to Kepler's 3rd law. In addition, the velocity required for a low Earth orbit is derived, and a practical formula is obtained for the orbital period in a circular Earth orbit of any radius. The student will be able to derive the velocity in a circular orbit of any radius, to derive the Earth escape velocity, and to prove Kepler's 3rd law for circular orbits. The student will also learn a simple formula for the orbital period in a circular Earth orbit of given radius.

  9. 3rd Grade Social Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms. Auger

    2009-11-18

    Webquest Assignment for 3rd Grade Social Studies Standard 1 Standard 1 Students will understand how geography influences community location and development. Hello Students! Introduction) Today we are going to do a webquest for social studies. Remember the other day we talked about biomes. Lets review with this video. Task) First: Go to this link and tell me ...

  10. Model and 3rd Party Software Installation

    E-print Network

    van den Heever, Susan C.

    CSU - RAMS Model and 3rd Party Software Installation and Compilation and Linux User Setup;########################################################################## GENERAL SOFTWARE AND RAMS INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS. ########################################################################## ########################################################################## Installation instructions ------------------------- Install external libraries

  11. Simple Harmonic Motion and Newton's 3rd

    E-print Network

    Yu, Jaehoon

    until outside forces changes its motion or bring it to a stop. The period of the motion can be predicted Newton's 3rd Law using two Force sensors. Procedure: Simple Harmonic Motion Getting the data 1. OpenSimple Harmonic Motion and Newton's 3rd Law Theory Simple Harmonic Motion is not as simple

  12. Security in 3rd Generation Mobile Networks

    E-print Network

    Stavrakakis, Ioannis

    Security in 3rd Generation Mobile Networks Christos Xenakis and Lazaros Merakos Communication elaborates on the security framework in 3G mobile networks. The security requirements imposed of traditional security technologies, originally designed for fixed networking, such as firewalls, and static

  13. Call for Paper 3rd International Workshop

    E-print Network

    van der Torre, Leon

    2nd Call for Paper 3rd International Workshop on Normative Multiagent Systems (NorMAS 2008) 15 of Behaviour (http://normas.di.unito.it/zope/aisb05/). The best papers were presented in a double special issue://www.dagstuhl.de/en/program/calendar/semhp/?semnr=07122). The best papers were presented in a forthcoming special issue of Journal of Autonomous Agents

  14. February 3rd Dear Child Care Agency,

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    February 3rd , 2012 Dear Child Care Agency, I am writing on behalf of Camp Titan of Associated to a single-sex cabin of ten children per group. Two counselors, who are Cal State Fullerton students conflict with the final week of school, depending on which school district the particular child attends

  15. Protein NMR Techniques, 3rd Methods in Molecular Biology, Springer Verlag (Humana Press), 2011

    E-print Network

    Linsley, Braddock K.

    Protein NMR Techniques, 3rd ed. Methods in Molecular Biology, Springer Verlag (Humana Press), 2011, 518 pages. The field of protein NMR spectroscopy has rapidly expanded into new areas of biochemistry of the latest innovations in the field of protein NMR. It focuses on the application of NMR to biochemistry

  16. Reading Your Textbook Linear Algebra with Applications, Otto Bretscher, 3rd

    E-print Network

    Stange, Katherine E.

    Reading Your Textbook Linear Algebra with Applications, Otto Bretscher, 3rd Ed., Pearson Prentice Hall Linear Algebra, Math 52, Brown University, Spring 2006, Instructor Stange Reading mathematics by "Definitions" and "Facts" (more commonly known as theorems), as well as "Examples" As you read your textbook

  17. 3rd Grade Measurement and Data

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nicola Godwin

    2012-01-01

    This page provides examples of 3rd Grade Measurement and Data activities aligned with the Common Core State Standards. A CCSS standard is stated and the possible activities are listed below and linked. All activities are suitable for use in Math Centers, small group, or whole class settings and are designed to elicit a range of responses and provide opportunities for students to communicate their reasoning and mathematical thinking. Instructions for each task are typed in large print and written in child-friendly language to enable students to work on activities independently after a brief introduction to the task. All files for 3rd Grade Measurement and Data Activities listed are in PDF format.

  18. Safety measures in chemical laboratories (3rd ed

    E-print Network

    Anonymous

    1964-01-01

    Operations in a chemical laboratory with noxious, inflammable or explosive materials are always attended with risks of personal injury or material destruction. The importance of a due regard for safe methods of work and ...

  19. Basic imaging in congenital heart disease. 3rd Ed

    SciTech Connect

    Swischuk, L.E.; Sapire, D.W.

    1986-01-01

    The book retains its previous format with chapters on embryology, plain film interpretation, classification of pulmonary vascular patterns, cardiac malpositions and vascular anomalies, and illustrative cases. The book is organized with an abundance of illustrative figures, diagrams, and image reproductions. These include plain chest radiographs, angiograms, echocardiograms, and MR images. The authors present the pathophysiology and imaging of congenital heart lesions.

  20. BACODINE/3rd Interplanetary Network burst localization

    SciTech Connect

    Hurley, K.; Barthelmy, S.; Butterworth, P.; Cline, T.; Sommer, M.; Boer, M.; Niel, M.; Kouveliotou, C.; Fishman, G.; Meegan, C. [University of California Space Sciences Laboratory Berkeley, California 94720-7450 (United States); NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States); Max-Planck Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, 85740 Garching (Germany); Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, 31029 Toulouse Cedex (France); NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, Alabama 35812 (United States)

    1996-08-01

    Even with only two widely separated spacecraft (Ulysses and GRO), 3rd Interplanetary Network (IPN) localizations can reduce the areas of BATSE error circles by two orders of magnitude. Therefore it is useful to disseminate them as quickly as possible following BATSE bursts. We have implemented a system which transmits the light curves of BACODINE/BATSE bursts directly by e-mail to UC Berkeley immediately after detection. An automatic e-mail parser at Berkeley watches for these notices, determines the Ulysses crossing time window, and initiates a search for the burst data on the JPL computer as they are received. In ideal cases, it is possible to retrieve the Ulysses data within a few hours of a burst, generate an annulus of arrival directions, and e-mail it out to the astronomical community by local nightfall. Human operators remain in this loop, but we are developing a fully automated routine which should remove them, at least for intense events, and reduce turn-around times to an absolute minimum. We explain the current operations, the data types used, and the speed/accuracy tradeoffs.

  1. Nicholas Loulloudes March 3rd , 2009g-Eclipse

    E-print Network

    Pallis, George

    Nicholas Loulloudes March 3rd , 2009g-Eclipse Testing and Benchmarking Grid Infrastructures using the g-Eclipse Framework Nicholas Loulloudes On behalf of the g-Eclipse Project #12;Nicholas Loulloudes March 3rd , 2009g-Eclipse Overview · Grid Reality ­ The Problem · g-Eclipse Framework · The Idea

  2. Notes from the 3rd Axion Strategy Meeting

    SciTech Connect

    Baker, O. K. [Department of Physics, Yale University, P.O. Box 208120, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States); Cantatore, G. [Universita and INFN Trieste, via Valerio 2, 34127 Trieste (Italy); Jaeckel, J. [Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Mueller, G. [Department of Physics, University of Florida, PO Box 118440, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)

    2010-08-30

    In this note we briefly summarize the main future targets and strategies for axion and general low energy particle physics identified in the ''3rd axion strategy meeting'' held during the AXIONS 2010 workshop. This summary follows a wide discussion with contributions from many of the workshop attendees.

  3. ISTerre Geochemistry 3rd Terms of use of laboratory

    E-print Network

    ISTerre Geochemistry 3rd 1 Terms of use of laboratory Geochemistry of the third floor · Rules in the laboratory required to work in optimal conditions. Rules to ensure the safety of all, and those essential it contains. This commitment is a prerequisite for the use of the facilities (laboratories and measuring

  4. HANSARDFebruary 3rd, 2012 Tax incentive for charitable donations submission

    E-print Network

    Major, Arkady

    in donations to char- itable organizations, including universities. The first was to increase the federal taxHANSARDFebruary 3rd, 2012 Tax incentive for charitable donations submission The U of M made of federal tax incentives for charitable donations. The University provided two recommendations

  5. Asmussen, S. (1987). Applied Probability and Queues. Wiley, New York. Bartlett, M.S. (1978). An Introduction to Stochastic Processes (3rd

    E-print Network

    Kokolakis, George E.

    1987-01-01

    , Princeton, NJ. Kingman, J.F.C. and Taylor, S.J. (1966). Introduction to Measure and Probability. Cambridge and Measure (3rd ed). Wiley, New York. Breiman, L. (1968). Probability. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA. Chung, K.L. (1960). Markov Chains with Stationary Transition Probabilities. Springer, Berlin. Chung, K.L. (2001

  6. Sports dentistry: A review.

    PubMed

    Ramagoni, Naveen Kumar; Singamaneni, Vijaya Kumar; Rao, Saketh Rama; Karthikeyan, Jamini

    2014-12-01

    Dental trauma in sports is the major linking channel between sports and dentistry. Sports dentistry is the prevention of oral/facial athletic injuries and related oral diseases and manifestations. In children, sports activities were found to be responsible for 13% of overall oral trauma. It is emphasized that there is a great need for "Team Dentist" from high schools to professional teams. In this review, we discuss the relationship between sports and dentistry, and the importance of educating parents, teachers, and children in prevention of injuries related to the sports. PMID:25625070

  7. PRECIPITATION MODEL VALIDATION IN 3 RD GENERATION AEROTURBINE DISC ALLOYS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. B. Olson; H.-J. Jou; J. Jung; J. T. Sebastian; A. Misra; I. Locci; D. Hull

    In support of application of the DARPA-AIM methodology to the accelerated hybrid thermal process optimization of 3 rd generation aeroturbine disc alloys with quantified uncertainty , equilibrium and diffusion couple experiments have identified av ailable fundamental thermodynamic and mobility databases of sufficient accuracy. Using coherent interfacial energies quant ified by Single-Sensor DTA nucleation undercooling measurements, PrecipiCalc™ simulations of nonisothermal precipitation

  8. The development of 3rd generation IR detectors at AIM

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Ziegler; D. Eich; M. Mahlein; T. Schallenberg; R. Scheibner; J. Wendler; J. Wenisch; R. Wollrab; V. Daumer; R. Rehm; F. Rutz; M. Walther

    2011-01-01

    3rd generation IR modules - dual-color (DC), dual-band (DB), and large format two-dimensional arrays - require sophisticated production technologies such as molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) as well as new array processing techniques, which can satisfy the rising demand for increasingly complex device structures and low cost detectors. AIM will extend its future portfolio by high performance devices which make use

  9. Insect Vision: Cells, Computation, and Behavior Sunday, March 3rd

    E-print Network

    Eddy, Sean

    Insect Vision: Cells, Computation, and Behavior 02/22/13 Sunday, March 3rd 3:00 pm Check-in 6:00 pm are in the Dining Room Talks are in the Seminar Room Posters are in the Lobby #12;Insect Vision: Cells, Computation;Insect Vision: Cells, Computation, and Behavior 02/22/13 Tuesday, March 5th 7:30 am Breakfast (service

  10. Measurement techniques for the 3rd PEP round robin

    SciTech Connect

    Roes, R.F.M. [Grantholder Enschede Polytechnic (Netherlands); Zaaiman, W.J.; Ossenbrink, H.A. [European Commission, Ispra (Italy)

    1994-12-31

    This paper describes the measurement techniques used for the calibration of the Newer Technology reference cells for the 3rd PEP Round Robin, held from 1993 to 1995. The current-voltage characteristics of the devices under test are not only measured close to Standard Test Conditions (STC), but also at a number of different temperatures, allowing the temperature coefficients {alpha} and {beta} as well as the curve correction factor to be established. Linearly measurements, with respect to the short-circuit current and the open-circuit voltage, are performed and series resistance of cells is determined. An extrapolation procedure is used to correct the output parameters to Standard Test Conditions.

  11. Precipitation Model Validation in 3rd Generation Aeroturbine Disc Alloys

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Olson, G. B.; Jou, H.-J.; Jung, J.; Sebastian, J. T.; Misra, A.; Locci, I.; Hull, D.

    2008-01-01

    In support of application of the DARPA-AIM methodology to the accelerated hybrid thermal process optimization of 3rd generation aeroturbine disc alloys with quantified uncertainty, equilibrium and diffusion couple experiments have identified available fundamental thermodynamic and mobility databases of sufficient accuracy. Using coherent interfacial energies quantified by Single-Sensor DTA nucleation undercooling measurements, PrecipiCalc(TM) simulations of nonisothermal precipitation in both supersolvus and subsolvus treated samples show good agreement with measured gamma particle sizes and compositions. Observed longterm isothermal coarsening behavior defines requirements for further refinement of elastic misfit energy and treatment of the parallel evolution of incoherent precipitation at grain boundaries.

  12. Designing a 3rd generation, authenticatable attribute measurement system

    SciTech Connect

    Thron, Jonathan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Karpius, Peter [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Santi, Peter [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith, Morag [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Vo, Duc [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Williams, Richard [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    Attribute measurement systems (AMS) are designed to measure potentially sensitive items containing Special Nuclear Materials to determine if the items possess attributes which fall within an agreed-upon range. Such systems could be used in a treaty to inspect and verify the identity of items in storage without revealing any sensitive information associated with the item. An AMS needs to satisfy two constraints: the host party needs to be sure that none of their sensitive information is released, while the inspecting party wants to have confidence that the limited amount of information they see accurately reflects the properties of the item being measured. The former involves 'certifying' the system and the latter 'authenticating' it. Previous work into designing and building AMS systems have focused more on the questions of certifiability than on the questions of authentication - although a few approaches have been investigated. The next step is to build a 3rd generation AMS which (1) makes the appropriate measurements, (2) can be certified, and (3) can be authenticated (the three generations). This paper will discuss the ideas, options, and process of producing a design for a 3rd generation AMS.

  13. Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences

    E-print Network

    SCHOOL OF Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences TO RECOVERY FROM DISCOVERY Information for Candidates DISCOVER OPPORTUNITIES FOR A CLINICAL ACADEMIC CAREER AT QUEEN'S 2011 #12;SCHOOL OF Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences2 SCHOOL OF Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences Thank you for your

  14. Number Value Category Description Ms. O'Sullivan's 3rd Grade Class -CrossFit

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Title Catalog Number Value Category Description Starting Bid Your Bid Ms. O'Sullivan's 3rd Grade in 12x36 inches Natural Wood Frame. 15.00 Ms. Posteraro's 3rd Grade Class - Dinner, Desserts & Delights: A Cookbook of Favorites 304 Priceless Classroom Projects Enjoy making favorite recipes of Ms. Posteraro's 3rd

  15. 3rd grade English language learners making sense of sound

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suarez, Enrique; Otero, Valerie

    2013-01-01

    Despite the extensive body of research that supports scientific inquiry and argumentation as cornerstones of physics learning, these strategies continue to be virtually absent in most classrooms, especially those that involve students who are learning English as a second language. This study presents results from an investigation of 3rd grade students' discourse about how length and tension affect the sound produced by a string. These students came from a variety of language backgrounds, and all were learning English as a second language. Our results demonstrate varying levels, and uses, of experiential, imaginative, and mechanistic reasoning strategies. Using specific examples from students' discourse, we will demonstrate some of the productive aspects of working within multiple language frameworks for making sense of physics. Conjectures will be made about how to utilize physics as a context for English Language Learners to further conceptual understanding, while developing their competence in the English language.

  16. 3rd grade English language learners making sense of sound

    E-print Network

    Suarez, Enrique

    2012-01-01

    Despite the extensive body of research that supports scientific inquiry and argumentation as cornerstones of physics learning, these strategies continue to be virtually absent in most classrooms, especially those that involve students who are learning English as a second language. This study presents results from an investigation of 3rd grade students' discourse about how length and tension affect the sound produced by a string. These students came from a variety of language backgrounds, and all were learning English as a second language. Our results demonstrate varying levels, and uses, of experiential, imaginative, and mechanistic reasoning strategies. Using specific examples from students' discourse, we will demonstrate some of the productive aspects of working within multiple language frameworks for making sense of physics. Conjectures will be made about how to utilize physics as a context for English Language Learners to further conceptual understanding, while developing their competence in the English l...

  17. Nanomaterials in preventive dentistry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthias Hannig; Christian Hannig

    2010-01-01

    The prevention of tooth decay and the treatment of lesions and cavities are ongoing challenges in dentistry. In recent years, biomimetic approaches have been used to develop nanomaterials for inclusion in a variety of oral health-care products. Examples include liquids and pastes that contain nano-apatites for biofilm management at the tooth surface, and products that contain nanomaterials for the remineralization

  18. Chemotherapeutics in implant dentistry.

    PubMed

    Zablotsky, M H

    1993-01-01

    Adjunctive treatment with various chemotherapeutic regimens in implant dentistry are reviewed along with the indications for specific approaches. The use of systemic antibiotics, topical antimicrobials, and various mechanical modalities are discussed in relation to patient maintenance and the repair of ailing implants. PMID:8358373

  19. Nanotechnology in dentistry today.

    PubMed

    Ogle, O E; Byles, N

    2014-08-01

    A review was done of nanotechnology as it applies to dentistry today. Information was gathered from literature search, research data and material inserts in products.Nanotechnology deals with the physical, chemical and biological properties of structures and their components at nanoscale dimensions. One of the biggest contributionS to restorative and aesthetic dentistry has been nanocomposites. These composites are characterized by filler-particle sizes ? 100 nm and offer aesthetic and strength advantages over the current microfilled and hybrid resin-based composites. Nanoparticles for coating implant surfaces and the nanopatterning of dental implants is leading to better osseointegration and improved physiologic functions of implants, while nanophase hydroxyapatite has improved its adaptation into bone graft sites. Nano-biochips are now making oral cancer screening and diagnosis of diseases by saliva easier and more affordable. PMID:25429479

  20. Minimal intervention dentistry - a new frontier in clinical dentistry.

    PubMed

    Mm, Jingarwar; Nk, Bajwa; A, Pathak

    2014-07-01

    Minimally invasive procedures are the new paradigm in health care. Everything from heart bypasses to gall bladder, surgeries are being performed with these dynamic new techniques. Dentistry is joining this exciting revolution as well. Minimally invasive dentistry adopts a philosophy that integrates prevention, remineralisation and minimal intervention for the placement and replacement of restorations. Minimally invasive dentistry reaches the treatment objective using the least invasive surgical approach, with the removal of the minimal amount of healthy tissues. This paper reviews in brief the concept of minimal intervention in dentistry. PMID:25177659

  1. Minimal Intervention Dentistry – A New Frontier in Clinical Dentistry

    PubMed Central

    NK., Bajwa; A, Pathak

    2014-01-01

    Minimally invasive procedures are the new paradigm in health care. Everything from heart bypasses to gall bladder, surgeries are being performed with these dynamic new techniques. Dentistry is joining this exciting revolution as well. Minimally invasive dentistry adopts a philosophy that integrates prevention, remineralisation and minimal intervention for the placement and replacement of restorations. Minimally invasive dentistry reaches the treatment objective using the least invasive surgical approach, with the removal of the minimal amount of healthy tissues. This paper reviews in brief the concept of minimal intervention in dentistry. PMID:25177659

  2. New technologies in dentistry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fatima A. Zanin; Aldo Brugnera; Jesus D. Pecora

    1999-01-01

    The technology in dentistry has been developed significantly lately, increasing the technological level of new materials, methods and equipment have been developed. Undoubtedly the CO2 laser has contributed to this evolution particular to the treatment of the infected dentin. CO2 laser can sterilize and promote increase 6 to 8 times of dentin resistance, through the transformation the hydroxyapatite in calcium-phosphato-hydroxyapatite.

  3. Book Reviews A Beginner's Guide to Structural Equation Modeling (3rd ed.).

    E-print Network

    Genton, Marc G.

    Inference and Prediction in Large Dimensions. Dennis Bosq and Delphine Blanke Sayan Mukherjee 1642 Large to Estimation. Francisco J. Samaniego Andrew Neath 1638 Bayesian Nonparametrics. N. L. Hjort, C. Holmes, P Sample Techniques for Statistics. Jiming Jiang Moulinath Banerjee 1643 Large-Scale Inference: Empirical

  4. 80. GENERAL VIEW TO NORTH ON 3RD AVENUE EL AT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    80. GENERAL VIEW TO NORTH ON 3RD AVENUE EL AT GUN HILL STATION. 7TH AVENUE EL EXPRESS IS VISIBLE ABOVE THE 3RD AVENUE EL WHICH JOINED ONTO THE SAME STRUCTURE AT GUN HILL ROAD. NOTE: GUN HILL ROAD IS THE NORTH TERMINUS OF THE 3RD AVENUE ELEVATED. TRAINS DID NOT CARRY PASSENGERS BEYOND THIS POINT, ALTHOUGH THE 3RD AVENUE TRACK DID EXTEND FURTHER NORTH FOR SWITCHING PURPOSES AND INTO THE YARDS. - Interborough Rapid Transit Company, Third Avenue Elevated Line, Borough of the Bronx, New York, New York County, NY

  5. In Proceedings of the 3rd USENIX Security Symposium, September 1992, pp. 211-226 In Proceedings of the 3rd USENIX Security Symposium, September 1992, pp. 211-226

    E-print Network

    Tygar, Doug

    In Proceedings of the 3rd USENIX Security Symposium, September 1992, pp. 211-226 #12;In Proceedings of the 3rd USENIX Security Symposium, September 1992, pp. 211-226 #12;In Proceedings of the 3rd USENIX Security Symposium, September 1992, pp. 211-226 #12;In Proceedings of the 3rd USENIX Security Symposium

  6. PREFACE: 3rd International Meeting on Silicene (IMS-3)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kara, Abdelkader; Enriquez, Hanna; Lemaire, Jean Louis; Oughaddou, Hamid

    2014-03-01

    Silicene, the new supernova material Silicon is formed in a large amount during supernova nucleo-synthesis and it is the 8th most common chemical element in the universe. Today modern electronics make large use of bulk silicon, which has consequently an extremely large impact on the world industry and economy. The need for more powerful, faster and less energy-consuming integrated circuits requires in the future the use of nanotechnologies. The ultimate step concerning silicon is silicene (the 2D silicon-based analogue of graphene). This material is of paramount importance as it requires the use of the same technologies and production lines as silicon. Even if theoreticians had predicted its possible existence, it is only in 2010 that a team of pioneers from CINAM-France, ISMO-France and UCF-USA has presented for the first time the experimental evidence of the formation of silicene. Since then research is exploding (like a supernova!) both on the experimental and theoretical sides, with the main aim of replacing bulk silicon with this potentially revolutionary material. However, before any possible industrial use, it has first to be prepared or synthesized in various stripe and sheet shapes on insulating surfaces on which its physical and chemical properties have to be analyzed in detail. A second step is its chemical functionalization through various dopants to achieve different tasks, expected or not yet imagined. Chemists and physicists, experimentalists and theoreticians are involved in this thrilling work. A wide array of techniques, from the subtle chemistry reaction networks, to all those of experimental surface science (from synchrotron radiation to scanning tunneling microscopy) as well as those of theoretical chemistry (from {\\it ab initio} to density functional theory calculations) are involved. Big progress has been made since 2010 and the success of this third International Meeting on Silicene (IMS-3) is demonstrated by the present proceedings. Historical summary Every two years, the STARM (science, technologie avanc\\'ee et recherche pour la Mediterran\\'ee, http://www.starm.emcmre.org/) society is organizing an international conference entitled Euro-Mediterranean Conference on Materials and Renewable Energies (EMCMRE, http://www.emcmre.org/) in countries across the Mediterranean Sea. It is in this framework that an international meeting dedicated to silicene is organized simultaneously since 2010: 1st International Meeting of Silicene (IMS-1), Safi, Morocco, 2010 2nd International Meeting of Silicene (IMS-2), Marrakech, Morocco, 2011 3rd International Meeting of Silicene (IMS-3), Istres-Marseille, France, 2013 Conference pictures are available in the PDF

  7. Nanotechnology and dentistry

    PubMed Central

    Ozak, Sule Tugba; Ozkan, Pelin

    2013-01-01

    Nanotechnology deals with the physical, chemical, and biological properties of structures and their components at nanoscale dimensions. Nanotechnology is based on the concept of creating functional structures by controlling atoms and molecules on a one-by-one basis. The use of this technology will allow many developments in the health sciences as well as in materials science, bio-technology, electronic and computer technology, aviation, and space exploration. With developments in materials science and biotechnology, nanotechnology is especially anticipated to provide advances in dentistry and innovations in oral health-related diagnostic and therapeutic methods. PMID:23408486

  8. Reframing in dentistry: revisited.

    PubMed

    Nuvvula, Sivakumar; Kamatham, Rekalakshmi; Challa, Ramasubbareddy; Asokan, Sharath

    2013-01-01

    The successful practice of dentistry involves a good combination of technical skills and soft skills. Soft skills or communication skills are not taught extensively in dental schools and it can be challenging to learn and at times in treating dental patients. Guiding the child's behavior in the dental operatory is one of the preliminary steps to be taken by the pediatric dentist and one who can successfully modify the behavior can definitely pave the way for a life time comprehensive oral care. This article is an attempt to revisit a simple behavior guidance technique, reframing and explain the possible psychological perspectives behind it for better use in the clinical practice. PMID:24021326

  9. Final Draft Building Automation Systems Design and Construction Standards October 3rd

    E-print Network

    Portman, Douglas

    Final Draft Building Automation Systems Design and Construction Standards October 3rd , 2013 1 Building Automation System Design and Construction Standards University of Rochester Utilities and Energy Automation Systems Design and Construction Standards October 3rd , 2013 2 University of Rochester Building

  10. 3rd World Conference on Research Integrity May 5-8, 2013, Montral, Canada

    E-print Network

    Wagner, Stephan

    3rd World Conference on Research Integrity May 5-8, 2013, Montréal, Canada Website: www.wcri2013.org The 3rd World Conference on Research Integrity will focus international attention on research for the upcoming conference include: Integrity in cross-national, cross-disciplinary and cross-sector partnerships

  11. Growth in Standardized Ability and Achievement Test Scores From 3rd to 10th Grade

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leslie Rescorla; Adena S. Rosenthal

    2004-01-01

    Growth in Test of Cognitive Skills (TCS) scores and Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills (CTBS) reading, math, and total achievement scores from 3rd to 10th grade was studied in 328 public school students in a middle-class suburban community. Surprisingly, groups differing in ability and achievement in 3rd grade made parallel progress over time, and some \\

  12. Nanorobots: Future in dentistry

    PubMed Central

    Shetty, Neetha J.; Swati, P.; David, K.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to review the phenomenon of nanotechnology as it might apply to dentistry as a new field called nanodentistry. Treatment possibilities might include the application of nanotechnology to local anesthesia, dentition renaturalization, the permanent cure for hypersensitivity, complete orthodontic realignment in a single visit, covalently bonded diamondized enamel, and continuous oral health maintenance using mechanical dentifrobots. Dental nanorobots could be constructed to destroy caries-causing bacteria or to repair tooth blemishes where decay has set in, by using a computer to direct these tiny workers in their tasks. Dental nanorobots might be programed to use specific motility mechanisms to crawl or swim through human tissue with navigational precision, to acquire energy, to sense and manipulate their surroundings, to achieve safe cytopenetration, and to use any of a multitude of techniques to monitor, interrupt, or alter nerve-impulse traffic in individual nerve cells in real time. PMID:23960556

  13. Mucocele of the sphenoid sinus: A rare cause of reversible 3rd nerve palsy

    PubMed Central

    Kataria, Rashim; Gupta, Swati; Chopra, Sanjeev; Bagaria, H.; Sinha, V. D.

    2012-01-01

    Ophthalmoplegia due to 3rd nerve palsy is a common occurrence, and is usually a sign of diabetes mellitus or a serious intracranial disease. We report a rare case of pupil sparing 3rd nerve palsy caused by mucocele of the sphenoid sinus. The patient regained 3rd nerve functions after successful decompression of the mucocele. Early and correct diagnosis of this relatively benign condition is important to prevent permanent neurological deficits, including visual loss by optic nerve atrophy. Etiology, clinical manifestations and treatment of the sphenoid mucoceles is discussed and available literature is reviewed. PMID:22566736

  14. Begin at the City Bakery (1318 E. 3rd). Stop in for a cup of

    E-print Network

    Indiana University

    Begin at the City Bakery (1318 E. 3rd). Stop in for a cup of coffee and a tasty croissant, or enjoy, independent films, blues and rock shows, comedy and karaoke. Another coffeehouse, Copper Cup, is across Jordan

  15. 19. MILL NO. 1, 3rd FLOOR, CEILING TRACKING WITH AIR ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. MILL NO. 1, 3rd FLOOR, CEILING TRACKING WITH AIR CLEANER (BLEW DUST/LINT DOWNWARD WHILE TRAVELING ON TRACK OVER MILL MACHINERY). - Prattville Manufacturing Company, Number One, 242 South Court Street, Prattville, Autauga County, AL

  16. 21. 3RD STREET FROM ITS INTERSECTION WITH G STREET, LOOKING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. 3RD STREET FROM ITS INTERSECTION WITH G STREET, LOOKING SOUTH, WITH WEST SIDES OF WAREHOUSES 331, 332, 333, ETC. ON LEFT. - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Maritime Street at Seventh Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

  17. 6. BUILDING 332, WEST SIDE, FROM ACROSS 3RD STREET, LOOKING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. BUILDING 332, WEST SIDE, FROM ACROSS 3RD STREET, LOOKING EAST. - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Dry Provisions Storehouses, Between Third & Fourth Streets, Between G & L Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

  18. 8. Interior view, working house distributing floor (3rd level, directly ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Interior view, working house distributing floor (3rd level, directly above bins); view facing northwest. - Saint Anthony Elevator No. 3, 620 Malcom Avenue, Southeast, Minneapolis, Hennepin County, MN

  19. 5. BUILDING 223, NORTH SIDE, OBLIQUE VIEW, FROM 3RD STREET, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. BUILDING 223, NORTH SIDE, OBLIQUE VIEW, FROM 3RD STREET, LOOKING WEST - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Pier Transit Sheds, North Marginal Wharf, between First & Third Streets, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

  20. February 3rd Quebec City hotels are priced better than ever!

    E-print Network

    Barthelat, Francois

    February 3rd 2014 Quebec City hotels are priced better than ever! Thanks to the Government-Claire) are included in the Quebec Government Hotel Guide. Quebec City Hilton Hotel **** Delta Hotel **** Dates Mar 3

  1. Evidence-based dentistry.

    PubMed

    Chambers, David W

    2010-01-01

    Both panegyric and criticism of evidence-based dentistry tend to be clumsy because the concept is poorly defined. This analysis identifies several contributions to the profession that have been made under the EBD banner. Although the concept of clinicians integrating clinical epidemiology, the wisdom of their practices, and patients' values is powerful, its implementation has been distorted by a too heavy emphasis of computerized searches for research findings that meet the standards of academics. Although EBD advocates enjoy sharing anecdotal accounts of mistakes others have made, faulting others is not proof that one's own position is correct. There is no systematic, high-quality evidence that EBD is effective. The metaphor of a three-legged stool (evidence, experience, values, and integration) is used as an organizing principle. "Best evidence" has become a preoccupation among EBD enthusiasts. That overlong but thinly developed leg of the stool is critiqued from the perspectives of the criteria for evidence, the difference between internal and external validity, the relationship between evidence and decision making, the ambiguous meaning of "best," and the role of reasonable doubt. The strongest leg of the stool is clinical experience. Although bias exists in all observations (including searches for evidence), there are simple procedures that can be employed in practice to increase useful and objective evidence there, and there are dangers in delegating policy regarding allowable treatments to external groups. Patient and practitioner values are the shortest leg of the stool. As they are so little recognized, their integration in EBD is problematic and ethical tensions exist where paternalism privileges science over patient's self-determined best interests. Four potential approaches to integration are suggested, recognizing that there is virtually no literature on how the "seat" of the three-legged stool works or should work. It is likely that most dentists choose to wait for collective professional standards to reveal acceptable practice or follow a strategy of punctuated equilibrium, only switching out established practice habits when very conspicuous advantages are identified. Integration in medicine appears to follow the statistically sophisticated practice of updating estimates of clinical parameters (probabilities) for diagnoses, treatments, prognoses, and side-effects. This approach is likely beyond the skill or interest of clinical dentists and it fails to incorporate values in the integration. The use of decision trees to integrate both research and experiential parameters and values is illustrated and it is shown that such a technique identifies why there are very few cases in dentistry where evidence needs to be consulted and indicates what such cases are. PMID:21485345

  2. An inorganic approach to wet-chemical fabrication of 3rd generation tandem cells

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Meng Tao

    2006-01-01

    The article consists of a Powerpoint presentation on wet chemical fabrication for 3rd generation solar cell. The paper concludes that semiconducting metal oxides for 3rd generation solar cells; all wet-chemical fabrication process; multijunction tandem cells; Deposition of mixed-valence metal oxides for suitable band gaps; doping to control conduction type and conductivity in metal oxides; mixed-valence metal oxides and electrochemical deposition

  3. Ergonomics in Dentistry

    PubMed Central

    Bhat, Manohar; Mohammed, Tahir; Bansal, Nikita; Gupta, Gaurav

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT Ergonomics is much broader than preventing work?related musculoskeletal disorders. The successful application of ergo? nomics assures high productivity, avoidance of illnesses and injuries, and increased satisfaction among workers. Unsuc? cessful application, on the other hand, can lead to work?related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). This article sets forth broad important background information on ergonomics so that the dental practitioner can have a general awareness of ergonomic risk factors as well as some basis for understanding the ongo? ing dialogue about ergonomics, its diagnosis, treatment, and regulation. This article provides alternatives to be considered by the practitioner in light of the practitioner's own circumstances, experiences and goals. A practitioner wishing to improve his or her work environment, for whatever reason, may wish to follow an incremental approach to such efforts, as is briefy discussed here. How to cite this article: Gupta A, Bhat M, Mohammed T, Bansal N, Gupta G. Ergonomics in Dentistry. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(1):30-34. PMID:25206234

  4. The nano era in dentistry

    PubMed Central

    Mantri, Sneha S.; Mantri, Shivkumar P.

    2013-01-01

    Nanotechnology is a new transnational and transcultural development that is growing rapidly and pervasively. The potential impact of novel Nanodentistry Applications in disease diagnosis, therapy and prevention is foreseen to change oral health care in a fundamental way. This review presents a general overview of the novel nanomaterial and relevant advances of nanotechnology, focusing on promising dental applications. In particular, relevant applications are reported in Restorative dentistry, minimally invasive dental procedures, cancer diagnosis and treatment, molecular imaging and implant dentistry. Many applications are still in their infancy. An increasing number of products are currently under clinical investigation while some are commercially available. PMID:23633833

  5. The Future of Clinical Dentistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slavkin, Harold C.

    1998-01-01

    Discussion of the future of clinical dentistry looks at a variety of influences, including historical development factors; demographic trends; the role of the Human Genome Project in the development of scientific knowledge; a paradigm shift in approaches to oral infection and systemic disease; advancing technology; and reforms resulting from these…

  6. Curriculum Guidelines on Forensic Dentistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Dental Education, 1990

    1990-01-01

    The American Association of Dental Schools' guidelines for curriculum design explain the scope of forensic dentistry and interrelationships with other fields, give an overview of the curriculum, and outline suggested primary educational goals, prerequisites, core content, specific behavioral objectives, sequencing, faculty and facility…

  7. Information Systems in Dentistry

    PubMed Central

    Masic, Fedja

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Almost the entire human creativity today, from the standpoint of its efficiency and expediency, is conditioned with the existence of information systems. Most information systems are oriented to the management and decision-making, including health information system. System of health and health insurance together form one of the most important segments of society and its functioning as a compact unit. Increasing requirements for reducing health care costs while preserving or improving the quality of services provided represent a difficult task for the health system. Material and methods: Using descriptive metods by retreiiving literature we analyzed the latest solutions in information and telecommunications technology is the basis for building an effective and efficient health system. Computerization does not have the primary objective of saving, but the rationalization of spending in health care. It is estimated that at least 20-30% of money spent in health care can be rationally utilized. Computerization should give the necessary data and indicators for this rationalization. Very important are the goals of this project and the achievement of other uses and benefits, improving overall care for patients and policyholders, increasing the speed and accuracy of diagnosis in determining treatment using electronic diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines. Results and discussion: Computerization in dentistry began similarly as in other human activities–recording large amounts of data on digital media, and by replacing manual data processing to machine one. But specifics of the dental profession have led to the specifics of the application of information technology (IT), and continue to require special development of dental oriented and applied IT. Harmonization of dental software with global standards will enable doctors and dentists to with a few mouse clicks via the internet reach the general medical information about their patients from the central national health database. Standardization will also allow access to general medical and dental history data on citizens of foreign countries who seek help of doctors or dentists during their vacation. Such a method of using IT will provide a higher level of health services and better health care. Also, the identification procedures in mass disasters availability of data can contribute to accelerate the identification of victims.Dental information systems lately are based on Web applications to facilitate data exchange. Electronic patient record contains basic information and entering of this data is automatically created the protocol of patients that can be printed.Besides these general data Electronic patient record also contains history data related to allergies and other diseases which existence can significantly affect the treatment, data on current diagnosis, location of a pathological process in the tooth refers to the following location (mesial, distal, vestibular, oral, occlusal), teething, therapy of the tooth , type of material used with location on the tooth. The system may defined also the surgical procedures that were performed on the teeth such as tooth extraction or tooth root resection with the ability to accurately indicate that the root is resected. Implants, upgrades, grinding teeth, and independent crown can be defined for each tooth and its rightful place if a tooth is missing. Specially designed graphical representation of teeth enables to enter data by first clicking on the tooth or place where it is and also on that occasion to open a menu with options. Control of data entry prevents entry of illogical data. Conclusion: The system according to the HL7 standard represents electronic documents which eliminate the need for paper documents and a variety of daily and monthly reports of doctors who are still in use today, and the doctor and nurse are almost completely freed of administrative tasks. PMID:23322955

  8. The 3rd Annual International TCE Conference Machine Learning & Big Data

    E-print Network

    Schuster, Assaf

    The 3rd Annual International TCE Conference Machine Learning & Big Data Call for Presentations and Big Data. Topics include learning from huge datasets, compressing, streaming, inferring, utilizing to submit a presentation on all facets related to Machine Learning and Big Data. A limited number

  9. Love of Wisdom Vs. Wisdom of Love 3rd Comparative Literature Graduate Conference

    E-print Network

    McCombe, Bruce D.

    Love of Wisdom Vs. Wisdom of Love 3rd Comparative Literature Graduate Conference SUNY-BUFFALO, 2013 *Deadline for Abstract Submission: Feb.1st, 2013 Email to: WisdomLoveBuffalo@gmail.com Insofar as philosophia concerns the "love of wisdom," the possibilities and limits of wisdom and love call into question

  10. The following paper was published and presented at the 3rd Annual IEEE Systems

    E-print Network

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    in the enterprise stakeholder needs, and further require new ways of thinking about and managing systems [1]. OverThe following paper was published and presented at the 3rd Annual IEEE Systems Conference is not permitted without permission. #12;SysCon2009 ­ IEEE International Systems Conference Pre-print Version

  11. Overfished Stocks (46) as of CY 3rd quarter 2009 New England

    E-print Network

    Overfished Stocks (46) ­ as of CY 3rd quarter 2009 New England: 1. Cod ­ Gulf of Maine 2. Cod flounder ­ Georges Bank 7. Yellowtail flounder ­ Southern New England/Middle Atlantic 8. Yellowtail flounder ­ Cape Cod/Gulf of Maine 9. White Hake 10. Windowpane Flounder ­ Southern New England

  12. This extended abstract appeared in Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Security (IWSEC '08)

    E-print Network

    Pointcheval, David

    . There is no cryptographic solution against this type of attacks, one has to deploy external security protections. However with cryptographic techniques. This is mainly due to the fact that biometric data involved during the authenticationThis extended abstract appeared in Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Security (IWSEC

  13. The 3rd International Symposium on Phoenix Leader Education program (Hiroshima Initiative) for

    E-print Network

    Ishii, Hitoshi

    The 3rd International Symposium on Phoenix Leader Education program (Hiroshima Initiative Presentation II and III 15:45-16:00 Break Room: Dahlia 2 16:00-18:00 Poster Session Room: Dahlia 1 18:00-10-40 Special Lecture Noriyuki MizunoNHK Science Commentator "Nuclear power plant disaster and direction

  14. Exterior oblique view of typical 3rd floor balcony at west ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Exterior oblique view of typical 3rd floor balcony at west side and east end of Building 6, from landing of stair no. 1, looking south-southeast - North Beach Place, 401 Bay Street, 500 Francisco Street, 401 Bay Street, 500 Francisco Street, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

  15. 3rd Workshop on Theory, Modelling and Computational Methods for Semiconductors (TMCSIII)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marco Califano; Max Migliorato; Matt Probert

    2012-01-01

    These conference proceedings contain the written papers of the contributions presented at the 3rd International Conference on Theory, Modelling and Computational Methods for Semiconductor materials and nanostructures. The conference was held at the School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK on 18–20 January 2012. The previous conferences in this series took place in 2010 at St

  16. Using Food as a Tool to Teach Science to 3rd Grade Students in Appalachian Ohio

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duffrin, Melani W.; Hovland, Jana; Carraway-Stage, Virginia; McLeod, Sara; Duffrin, Christopher; Phillips, Sharon; Rivera, David; Saum, Diana; Johanson, George; Graham, Annette; Lee, Tammy; Bosse, Michael; Berryman, Darlene

    2010-01-01

    The Food, Math, and Science Teaching Enhancement Resource (FoodMASTER) Initiative is a compilation of programs aimed at using food as a tool to teach mathematics and science. In 2007 to 2008, a foods curriculum developed by professionals in nutrition and education was implemented in 10 3rd-grade classrooms in Appalachian Ohio; teachers in these…

  17. SEER Program Code Manual 3rd Edition, Revision 1 - SEER Field and Code Changes for 2003

    Cancer.gov

    Changes to SEER Data Set for 2003 SEER Program Code Manual, 3rd Edition, 1st revision Data Items Required by SEER but No Longer Collected by COC The following fields will still be required by SEER or its participating central registries, even though they will no longer be collected by Commission on Cancer-approved facilities.

  18. 1989, 57(6):1714.Infect. Immun. M L Pethel and J O Falkinham 3rd

    E-print Network

    Falkinham, Joseph

    1989, 57(6):1714.Infect. Immun. M L Pethel and J O Falkinham 3rd avium catalase activity. Plasmid for Microbiology Plasmid-Influenced Changes in Mycobacterium avium Catalase Activity MICHELE L. PETHEL AND JOSEPH 0 to grow at 37°C. Mid-log-phase cultures of strain LR163 had 30% of the catalase activity of strain LR25

  19. Colorectal cancer in inflammatory bowel disease: results of the 3rd ECCO pathogenesis scientific workshop (I).

    PubMed

    Sebastian, Shaji; Hernández, Vincent; Myrelid, Pär; Kariv, Revital; Tsianos, Epameinondas; Toruner, Murat; Marti-Gallostra, Marc; Spinelli, Antonino; van der Meulen-de Jong, Andrea E; Yuksel, Elif Sar?tas; Gasche, Christoph; Ardizzone, Sandro; Danese, Silvio

    2014-01-01

    Epidemiological studies demonstrate an increased risk of colorectal cancer in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). A detailed literature review was conducted on epidemiology, risk factors, pathophysiology, chemoprevention and outcomes of colorectal cancer (CRC) in IBD as part of the 3rd ECCO scientific pathogenesis workshop. PMID:23664897

  20. Invitation to the Kinder-Uni 2012 To all curious Kids in the 3rd

    E-print Network

    Moeller, Ralf

    Invitation to the Kinder-Uni 2012 To all curious Kids in the 3rd and 4th Class The University of Bielefeld invites in February and March 2012 all curious kids to the Kinder-Uni. There will be "real. About 400 Kids will be able to participate in a big lecture room at the University of Bielefeld

  1. 3rd Annual Student Veterans Networking Night: A Celebration of Leadership and Service

    E-print Network

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    3rd Annual Student Veterans Networking Night: A Celebration of Leadership and Service This following is a listing (as of 9/10/14) of the employers who are currently registered for the 2014 Veterans, LLC Raytheon Company Bright House Networks Greenway Health Huntington Ingalls Industries Otis Elevator

  2. The Goodrich 3rd generation DB-110 system: operational on tactical and unmanned aircraft

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iyengar, Mrinal; Lange, Davis

    2006-05-01

    Goodrich's DB-110 Reconnaissance Airborne Pod for TORnado (RAPTOR) and Data Link Ground Station (DLGS) have been used operationally for several years by the Royal Air Force (RAF). A variant of the RAPTOR DB-110 Sensor System is currently being used by the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force (JMSDF). Recently, the DB-110 system was flown on the Predator B Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), demonstrating the DB-110 system's utility on unmanned reconnaissance aircraft. The DB-110 is a dual-band EO and IR imaging capability for long, medium, and short standoff ranges, including oblique and over-flight imaging, in a single sensor package. The DB-110 system has also proven performance for real-time high bandwidth data link imagery transmission. Goodrich has leveraged this operational experience in building a 3rd Generation DB-110 system including new Reconnaissance Airborne Pod and Ground System, to be first used by the Polish Air Force. This 3rd Generation system maintains all the capability of the current 2nd Generation DB-110 system and adds several new features. The 3rd Generation system upgrades include an increase in resolution via new focal planes, addition of a third ("super-wide") field of view, and new avionics. This paper summarizes the Goodrich DB-110 3rd Generation System in terms of its basic design and capabilities. Recent demonstration of the DB-110 on the Predator B UAV is overviewed including sample imagery.

  3. Shor Lab Protist Imaging Project Undergraduate Opportunity Primary Graduate Student: Grant Bouchillon (3rd

    E-print Network

    Shor, Leslie McCabe

    to work on some publishable papers related to this research, so you could be included in writing portions of the paper and helping with background research and literature reviews. About Me: I'm a 3rd year PhD student. Undergrad Project Objectives: Our goal is to utilize new and innovative imaging techniques like 3D

  4. spe440-12 3rd pages The Geological Society of America

    E-print Network

    spe440-12 3rd pages 249 The Geological Society of America Special Paper 440 2008 Plate tectonics and appear to be remarkably similar to predictions from a plate-tectonic conceptual model. Care- fully as old as ca. 3500 Ma. Keywords: plate tectonics, paleomagnetism, Precambrian, Archean, Proterozoic

  5. Diamonds for 3rd and 4th Generation X-ray Sources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Van Vaerenbergh; M. Mattenet; J. Härtwig; J. Hoszowska; T. Mairs; J. Morse; S. H. Connell; M. Rebak; D. Dube; L. Mkhonza; R. Setshedi; R. C. Burns; J. O. Hansen; H. P. Godfried; Theta Johannesburg

    The 3rd and 4th generation X-ray sources are characterised by their high brilliance. This may induce high heat loads and high local power densities on the beamline optical elements such as monochromators, filters, phase plates, beam splitters, lenses, vacuum windows and on beam position monitors. Optical components are often made of silicon (available in large dimensions, grown with high crystal

  6. The Effect of Book Blogging on the Motivation of 3rd-Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Kristen N.; Legutko, Robert S.

    2008-01-01

    A Web 2.0 technology was implemented during reading instruction in one 3rd-grade classroom in suburban southeastern Pennsylvania. Trained preservice teachers provided feedback to students via the World Wide Web to enhance their performance and social connections. Motivation scores were measured before and after the intervention was implemented. A…

  7. Effects of notetaking instruction on 3rd grade student's science learning and notetaking behavior

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pai-Lin Lee

    2004-01-01

    The research examined effects of notetaking instruction on elementary-aged students' ability to recall science information and notetaking behavior. Classes of 3rd grade students were randomly assigned to three treatment conditions, strategic notetaking, partial strategic notetaking, and control, for 4 training sessions. The effects of the notetaking instruction were measured by their performances on a test on science information taught during

  8. Collaboration Between Dietetics and Dentistry: Dietetic Internship in Pediatric Dentistry

    PubMed Central

    More, Frederick G.; Sasson, Lisa M.; Godfrey, Emilie M.; Sehl, Rima B.

    2006-01-01

    The American Dietetic Association and the American Dental Association share a common interest in improving the health and quality of life of the population. Dental visits present an opportunity to identify nutrition-related issues for both the pediatric and adult population. Traditionally, dental and nutrition students have had little opportunity to learn and work together since little time was spent on nutrition in the dental curriculum. The purpose of this article is to describe the development of a new collaborative training experience for dietetic interns and pediatric dentistry residents. The oral health rotation for dietetic interns also has several objectives, including experience interacting with a culturally diverse population and participating in community nutrition education (Head Start). In its first 18 months, the collaborative program has been viewed as a success by the pediatric dentistry faculty and residents and the nutrition faculty and interns. PMID:16639470

  9. [Apollonia, patron saint of dentistry].

    PubMed

    Siutti, O W

    1993-12-01

    Apollonia's short trajectory and her martyrdom in the times of Emperor Decius in the 3rd century, is here reported. The artists who painted the saint are quoted, offering a small biography about their trajectory and principals works. Bernardino Luini, painting is studied with more detail, mentioning the similar characteristics of his Saint Apollonia with those of some of the personages painted by Leonardo da Vinci. PMID:11638798

  10. Computer-Aided Implant Dentistry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wolfgang Birkfellner; Peter Solar; André Gahleitner; Klaus Huber; Franz Kainberger; Joachim Kettenbach; Peter Homolka; Markus Diemling; Georg Watzek; Helmar Bergmann

    \\u000a Computer-aided implant dentistry (CAID), the direct translation of preoperative prosthetic planning to the operating theater\\u000a by means of image guidance technologies, is a novel application of computer aided surgery (CAS). This work deals with the\\u000a application of a modular software system for computer-aided interventions to CAID. The system is based on AVW-2.5, a software\\u000a library dedicated to biomedical image processing,

  11. Elements of expertise in the use of analogies in a 3rd-grade science discussion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    May, David B.; Hammer, David

    2004-09-01

    Expertise in science involves the generation and use of analogies. How and when students might develop this aspect of expertise has implications for understanding how instruction might facilitate that development. We're at the beginning stages of trying to understand analogies as students use them in science classrooms. In a study of K-8 inquiry in physical science, we have seen several cases of spontaneous analogy generation at different levels of sophistication. In the case presented here, a 3rd-grader generates a particularly well-developed analogy and modifies it to reconcile his classmates' counter-arguments, allowing us to identify in these 3rd-graders specific elements of expertise in analogy use.

  12. On the Generalisation of Kepler's 3rd Law for the Vacuum Field of the Point-Mass

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen J. Crothers

    2005-01-01

    I derive herein a general form of Kepler's 3rd Law for the general solution to Einstein's vacuum field. I also obtain stable orbits for photons in all the configurations of the point-mass. Contrary to the accepted theory, Kepler's 3rd Law is modified by General Relativity and leads to a finite angular velocity as the proper radius of the orbit goes

  13. Call for Papers for 3rd Annual Diabetes Care Symposium "New Drug Therapies, Innovative Management Strategies, and Novel Drug Targets"

    E-print Network

    Kaski, Samuel

    Call for Papers for 3rd Annual Diabetes Care Symposium "New Drug Therapies, Innovative Management Strategies, and Novel Drug Targets" 74th Scientific Sessions The editors of Diabetes Care seek manuscript submissions for the 3rd Annual Diabetes Care Symposium, titled "New Drug Therapies, Innovative Management

  14. (STARC), (), (NEC), () 1st. Layer 2nd. Layer 3rd. Layer

    E-print Network

    Kasahara, Hironori

    , , , , , , (STARC), (), (NEC), () PG401 Program BPA RB SB BPA RB SB BPA RB SB BPA RB SB BPA RB SB BPA RB SB BPA RB SB 1st. Layer 2nd. Layer 3rd. Layer Total System BPA BPA 1 BPA 3 BPA2 BPA 4 BPA 5 BPA 6 RB 7 RB15 BPA 8 BPA 9 BPA 10 RB 11 BPA 12 BPA 13 RB 14 RB END RB RB BPA RB Data

  15. EDITORIAL: Special issue featuring articles from the 3rd International Symposium on Advanced Biomaterials and Biomechanics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L'Hocine Yahia

    2007-01-01

    I felt very privileged when I was invited to put together this special issue of Biomedical Materials: Materials for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, dedicated to advanced biomaterials. This topic was the subject of the 3rd International Symposium on Advanced Biomaterials and Biomechanics (ISAB2 2005) held in Montreal on 3-6 April 2005. ISAB2 2005 mainly focused on emerging biomaterials as

  16. Special issue featuring articles from the 3rd International Symposium on Advanced Biomaterials and Biomechanics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L'Hocine Yahia

    2007-01-01

    I felt very privileged when I was invited to put together this special issue of Biomedical Materials: Materials for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, dedicated to advanced biomaterials. This topic was the subject of the 3rd International Symposium on Advanced Biomaterials and Biomechanics (ISAB2 2005) held in Montreal on 3–6 April 2005.ISAB2 2005 mainly focused on emerging biomaterials as well

  17. PREFACE: 3rd International Workshop on Materials Analysis and Processing in Magnetic Fields (MAP3)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yoshio Sakka; Noriyuki Hirota; Shigeru Horii; Tsutomu Ando

    2009-01-01

    The 3rd International Workshop on Materials Analysis and Processing in Materials Fields (MAP3) was held on 14-16 May 2008 at the University of Tokyo, Japan. The first was held in March 2004 at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory in Tallahassee, USA. Two years later the second took place in Grenoble, France. MAP3 was held at The University of Tokyo

  18. Effect of 3rd-degree gravity harmonics and Earth perturbations on lunar artificial satellite orbits

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Tzirti; K. Tsiganis; H. Varvoglis

    2010-01-01

    In a previous work we studied the effects of (I) the J\\u000a 2 and C\\u000a 22 terms of the lunar potential and (II) the rotation of the primary on the critical inclination orbits of artificial satellites.\\u000a Here, we show that, when 3rd-degree gravity harmonics are taken into account, the long-term orbital behavior and stability\\u000a are strongly affected, especially for a

  19. UMTS-a path to 3rd generation mobile communications of the 21st century

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Juha Rapeli

    1996-01-01

    UMTS aims at advanced global mobile communication services within the WARC-92 identified frequency bands of 1885-2025 and 2110-2200 MHz. The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) is defining UMTS as the European 3rd generation system within the global FPLMTS framework. UMTS standards and ITU recommendations for FPLMTS will be available for the introduction of systems around the year 2000. The GSM

  20. 3rd-generation MW\\/LWIR sensor engine for advanced tactical systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald F. King; Jason S. Graham; Adam M. Kennedy; Richard N. Mullins; Jeffrey C. McQuitty; William A. Radford; Thomas J. Kostrzewa; Elizabeth A. Patten; Thomas F. McEwan; James G. Vodicka; John J. Wootan

    2008-01-01

    Raytheon has developed a 3rd-Generation FLIR Sensor Engine (3GFSE) for advanced U.S. Army systems. The sensor engine is based around a compact, productized detector-dewar assembly incorporating a 640 x 480 staring dual-band (MW\\/LWIR) focal plane array (FPA) and a dual-aperture coldshield mechanism. The capability to switch the coldshield aperture and operate at either of two widely-varying f\\/#s will enable future

  1. What is FirstSchool? Issues in PreK-3rd Education. Number One

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritchie, Sharon; Maxwell, Kelly; Clifford, Richard

    2009-01-01

    FirstSchool is part of a national PreK-3rd movement of schools, districts, educators and universities seeking to improve how children from ages 3 to 8 learn and develop in schools. While these different projects use a variety of names, all are working to connect high-quality PreK programs with high-quality elementary schools. FirstSchool is…

  2. The Goodrich 3rd generation DB-110 system: successful flight test on the F-16 aircraft

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lange, Davis; Iyengar, Mrinal; Maver, Larry; Dyer, Gavin; Francis, John

    2007-04-01

    The 3rd Generation Goodrich DB-110 system provides users with a three (3) field-of-view high performance Airborne Reconnaissance capability that incorporates a dual-band day and nighttime imaging sensor, a real time recording and a real time data transmission capability to support long range, medium range, and short range standoff and over-flight mission scenarios, all within a single pod. Goodrich developed their 3rd Generation Airborne Reconnaissance Pod for operation on a range of aircraft types including F-16, F-15, F-18, Euro-fighter and older aircraft such as the F-4, F-111, Mirage and Tornado. This system upgrades the existing, operationally proven, 2nd generation DB-110 design with enhancements in sensor resolution, flight envelope and other performance improvements. Goodrich recently flight tested their 3rd Generation Reconnaissance System on a Block 52 F-16 aircraft with first flight success and excellent results. This paper presents key highlights of the system and presents imaging results from flight test.

  3. Isolation by ion-exchange methods. In Sarker S.D. (ed) Natural Products Isolation, 3rd edition

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The primary goal of many natural products chemists is to extract, isolate, and characterize specific analytes from complex plant, animal, microbial, and food matrices. To achieve this goal, they rely considerably on highly sophisticated and highly hyphenated modern instrumentation. Yet, the vast maj...

  4. CAB International 2014. Seeds: The Ecology of Regeneration in Plant Communities, 3rd Edition (ed. R.S. Gallagher) 263

    E-print Network

    Venable, Lawrence

    in a footprint, but not just beside it? Why did the annual grass Bromus rubens show up every year coats, can decompose, leaving only germinationunits.Forexample,Ranunculus arvensis has a thick seed coat

  5. Dental amalgam and mercury in dentistry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    AJ Spencer

    2000-01-01

    Mercury in dentistry has re-emerged as a contentious issue in public health, predominantly because so many people are inadvertently exposed to mercury in order to obtain the benefits of dental amalgam fillings, and the risks remain difficult to interpret. This commentary aims to examine the issues involved in public policy assessment of the continued use of dental amalgam in dentistry.

  6. Supporting career choices in dentistry.

    PubMed

    Curtin, S; Ray, N J; McKenna, G; Burke, F M

    2012-01-01

    The Cork University Dental School & Hospital, University College Cork, introduced an innovative programme in April 2011, which provided prospective dental students with an opportunity to participate in a one-day experiential workshop. The aim of the workshop was to provide students with an overview of the dental undergraduate programmes. Feedback on the workshop was exceptionally positive, and prospective students would recommend the workshop to a fellow student, as it helped to inform their decision about choosing dentistry as a first option. PMID:23573681

  7. The 3rd Generation Automobile Sheet Steels Presenting with Ultrahigh Strength and High Ductility

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wenquan Cao; Jie Shi; Chang Wang; Cunyu Wang; Le Xu; Maoqiu Wang; Yuqing Weng; Han Dong

    \\u000a In this study, research and development on the 3rd generation automobile steel, with targets of R\\u000a m × A no less than 30 GPa% at R\\u000a m level of 1–1.5 GPa, was carried out to fabricate high strength and high ductility steel by two methodologies, one is the\\u000a medium manganese steels fabricated by intercritical annealing through austenite reverted transformation (ART-annealing) and\\u000a another is the

  8. 3rd generation 1280 x 720 FPA development status at Raytheon Vision Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. F. King; W. A. Radford; E. A. Patten; R. W. Graham; T. F. McEwan; J. G. Vodicka; R. E. Bornfreund; P. M. Goetz; G. M. Venzor; S. M. Johnson; J. E. Jensen; B. Z. Nosho; J. A. Roth

    2006-01-01

    Raytheon Vision Systems (RVS) has developed and demonstrated the first-ever 1280 x 720 pixel dual-band MW\\/LWIR focal plane arrays (FPA) to support 3rd-Generation tactical IR systems under the U.S. Army's Dual-Band FPA Manufacturing (DBFM) program. The MW\\/LWIR detector arrays are fabricated from MBE-grown HgCdTe triple-layer heterojunction (TLHJ) wafers. The RVS dual-band FPA architecture provides highly simultaneous temporal detection in the

  9. Proceedings of 3rd Fire Behavior and Fuels Conference, October 25-29, 2010, Spokane, Washington, USA

    E-print Network

    Fried, Jeremy S.

    Proceedings of 3rd Fire Behavior and Fuels Conference, October 25-29, 2010, Spokane, Washington, Spokane, Washington, USA Published by the International Association of Wildland Fire, Birmingham, Alabama

  10. Hydroxyapatite coatings in implant dentistry.

    PubMed

    Zablotsky, M H

    1992-01-01

    Hydroxyapatite coatings have shown promise due to the enhanced integration of osseous tissues to coated implant surfaces. When compared with healing around commercially pure or titanium alloy implant surfaces, hydroxyapatite-coated implants appear to be superior in sites which are compromised in either quantity or quality of bone. In spite of these encouraging findings, the long-term stability of the hydroxyapatite/bone interface has been challenged. Microbiologically, the hydroxyapatite-coated implant surface may be at an increased risk to bacterial plaque. However, after 8 years of clinical utilization, the hydroxyapatite-coated implant surface has not been shown to be predisposed to increased long-term failure. Available research as it pertains to this controversial area of implant dentistry is reviewed. PMID:1298500

  11. Laser Capture Microdissection in Dentistry

    PubMed Central

    Chokechanachaisakul, Uraiwan; Kaneko, Tomoatsu; Okiji, Takashi; Kaneko, Reika; Suda, Hideaki; Nör, Jacques E.

    2010-01-01

    Laser capture microdissection (LCM) allows for the microscopic procurement of specific cell types from tissue sections that can then be used for gene expression analysis. According to the recent development of the LCM technologies and methodologies, the LCM has been used in various kinds of tissue specimens in dental research. For example, the real-time polymerase-chain reaction (PCR) can be performed from the formaldehyde-fixed, paraffin-embedded, and immunostained sections. Thus, the advance of immuno-LCM method allows us to improve the validity of molecular biological analysis and to get more accurate diagnosis in pathological field in contrast to conventional LCM. This paper is focused on the presentation and discussion of the existing literature that covers the fields of RNA analysis following LCM in dentistry. PMID:21274283

  12. Unethical aspects of homeopathic dentistry.

    PubMed

    Shaw, D

    2010-11-27

    In the last year there has been a great deal of public debate about homeopathy, the system of alternative medicine whose main principles are that like cures like and that potency increases relative to dilution. The House of Commons Select Committee on Science and Technology concluded in November 2009 that there is no evidence base for homeopathy, and agreed with some academic commentators that homeopathy should not be funded by the NHS. While homeopathic doctors and hospitals are quite commonplace, some might be surprised to learn that there are also many homeopathic dentists practising in the UK. This paper examines the statements made by several organisations on behalf of homeopathic dentistry and suggests that they are not entirely ethical and may be in breach of various professional guidelines. PMID:21109801

  13. Design of a 20MHz Transimpedance Low-pass Filter with an Adapted 3rd Order Inverse Chebyshev Response

    E-print Network

    Boakye, Emmanuel

    2012-10-19

    DESIGN OF A 20MHZ TRANSIMPEDANCE LOW-PASS FILTER WITH AN ADAPTED 3RD ORDER INVERSE CHEBYSHEV RESPONSE A Thesis by EMMANUEL OSEI BOAKYE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2012 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering DESIGN OF A 20MHZ TRANSIMPEDANCE LOW-PASS FILTER WITH AN ADAPTED 3RD ORDER INVERSE CHEBYSHEV RESPONSE A Thesis by EMMANUEL OSEI BOAKYE...

  14. Food: The Chemistry of Its Components, 3rd Edition (by T. P. Coultate)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carandang, Rachelle; Ziegler, Greg

    1998-02-01

    Food: The Chemistry of Its Components, 3rd edition, by T. P. Coultate, is an excellent textbook in food chemistry for undergraduates. It is a concise version of the very detailed Food Chemistry by Fennema and similar to, but with advantages over, Mechanism and Theory in Food Chemistry by Wong and Principles of Food Chemistry by Deman. The book assumes knowledge of biochemistry and basic principles in organic chemistry, but presents very practical examples that allow the student to see the obvious link between theory and practice. The examples are described almost as if the author is performing a demonstration in a classvery vivid to the imagination. This is important because students are expected in the future to perform and put into practice their knowledge of food chemistry.

  15. [Dentistry students' reasons for choosing dentistry as a career in Damascus University].

    PubMed

    Mashlah, A M

    2012-05-01

    This cross-sectional questionnaire survey assessed the motives for choosing dentist as a profession among dentistry students at Damascus University, Syrian Arab Republic. A total of 408 undergraduate students (233 males and 175 females) aged 18-23 years were selected randomly from students in the second, third and fourth years of dentistry study. They completed a questionnaire that enquired about their reasons for studying dentistry as well as their sociodemographic characteristics. The number of admissions in females had increased over the 3 years. Most parents of the students were university-educated. The main motivation for choosing dentistry was as a means to achieve personal goals, including getting a good job abroad, having financial independence, and attaining a good reputation. There were significant differences between the sexes with regard to the reasons for choosing dentistry. PMID:22764439

  16. Current developments in esthetic dentistry.

    PubMed

    Nathanson, D

    1991-04-01

    Current developments in esthetic dentistry center around new techniques and materials that improve the clinician's ability to provide esthetic services. These developments include the availability of improved composites for anterior and posterior use, a new generation of dentin bonding agents, bonded ceramic restorations, and more efficient and predictable ways to whiten teeth. There is a better understanding of factors contributing to the esthetic value of restoration as well as their longevity. New bonding techniques to dentin enable practitioners to perform difficult restorative procedures in a conservative manner, producing results that are highly esthetic and physiologically tolerable. The use of dental porcelains has expanded from the traditional applications in crowns and bridges to veneers, inlays, onlays and all-porcelain bridges that are directly bonded to teeth. Computer-designed and fabricated inlays and onlays are now an available treatment modality, with a reported 3-years follow-up looking very promising. The increasing public demand for esthetic dental procedures has made the discipline a significant part of dental practice and boosted interests and understanding of procedures, such as tooth bleaching and peridontal surgery, for improved esthetics. PMID:1777667

  17. Creating facial harmony with cosmetic dentistry.

    PubMed

    Okuda, W H

    1997-01-01

    With the increased awareness that optimal cosmetic dentistry can have on self-image, self-esteem, and self-confidence, patients are no longer just wanting to close gaps or whiten their smiles. Patients are becoming very conscious of the size, proportion, and position of their teeth as related to their smile and face. By incorporating the art and science of cosmetic dentistry into our enhancement therapy, we are able to create excellent results on a consistent basis. This review explores the impact that cosmetic dentistry can have on creating facial harmony. The discussion demonstrates the importance of a proper esthetic diagnosis as well as a thorough bioesthetic evaluation of each patient. This review also stresses the importance of an objective and subjective assessment and how a detailed evaluation of each patient can help create harmonious and natural smiles. PMID:9663054

  18. The 3^rd International Conference on Women in Physics: Global Perspectives, Common Concerns, Worldwide Views

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zastavker, Yevgeniya V.

    2009-03-01

    The 3^rd International Conference on Women in Physics (ICWIP), held in Seoul, Korea, in October 2008, brought together 300 participants from 57 countries, including a diverse 22-member U.S. Delegation, for a 3-day summit of stimulating discussions, thought-provoking presentations, inspirational posters, and networking. Held under the auspices of the Working Group on Women in Physics of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP), this meeting built on the successes of the 1^st (Paris, 2002) and 2^nd (Rio de Janeiro, 2005) Conferences and further clarified the importance of diversifying the field of physics worldwide. Although considerable progress has been made since 2002, it was clear that the global scientific workforce is still under-utilizing a large percentage of the available female talent pool. If human society is to benefit to its fullest from various contributions that the field of physics can offer in addressing global issues of economic crisis, energy, environment, water, health, poverty, and hunger, women of all races and nationalities need to become fully included and engaged in the national and international physical community. To address these and many other issues, the ICWIP unanimously approved a five-part resolution to IUPAP recommending actions to promote the recruitment, retention, and advancement of women in physics and related fields.

  19. PREFACE: 3rd International Conference on Manufacturing, Optimization, Industrial and Material Engineering (MOIME 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lumban Gaol, Ford; Webb, Jeff; Ding, Jun

    2015-05-01

    The 3rd International Conference on Manufacturing, Optimization, Industrial and Material Engineering (MOIME 2015) was held at the Sheraton Kuta, Bali, Indonesia, from 28 - 29 March 2015. The MOIME 2015 conference is aimed to bring together researchers, engineers and scientists in the domain of interest from around the world. MOIME 2015 is placed on promoting interaction between the theoretical, experimental, and applied communities, so that a high level exchange is achieved in new and emerging areas within Material Engineering, Industrial Engineering and all areas that relate to Optimization. We would like to express our sincere gratitude to all in the Technical Program Committee who have reviewed the papers and developed a very interesting Conference Program, as well as the invited and plenary speakers. This year, we received 99 papers and after rigorous review, 24 papers were accepted. The participants come from eight countries. There were four parallel sessions and two invited speakers. It is an honour to present this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) and we deeply thank the authors for their enthusiastic and high-grade contributions. Finally, we would like to thank the conference chairmen, the members of the steering committee, the organizing committee, the organizing secretariat and the financial support from the conference sponsors that allowed the success of MOIME 2015. The Editors of the MOIME 2015 Proceedings Dr. Ford Lumban Gaol Jeff Webb, Ph.D Prof. Jun DING, Ph.D

  20. 3rd-generation MW/LWIR sensor engine for advanced tactical systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    King, Donald F.; Graham, Jason S.; Kennedy, Adam M.; Mullins, Richard N.; McQuitty, Jeffrey C.; Radford, William A.; Kostrzewa, Thomas J.; Patten, Elizabeth A.; McEwan, Thomas F.; Vodicka, James G.; Wootan, John J.

    2008-04-01

    Raytheon has developed a 3rd-Generation FLIR Sensor Engine (3GFSE) for advanced U.S. Army systems. The sensor engine is based around a compact, productized detector-dewar assembly incorporating a 640 x 480 staring dual-band (MW/LWIR) focal plane array (FPA) and a dual-aperture coldshield mechanism. The capability to switch the coldshield aperture and operate at either of two widely-varying f/#s will enable future multi-mode tactical systems to more fully exploit the many operational advantages offered by dual-band FPAs. RVS has previously demonstrated high-performance dual-band MW/LWIR FPAs in 640 x 480 and 1280 x 720 formats with 20 ?m pitch. The 3GFSE includes compact electronics that operate the dual-band FPA and variable-aperture mechanism, and perform 14-bit analog-to-digital conversion of the FPA output video. Digital signal processing electronics perform "fixed" two-point non-uniformity correction (NUC) of the video from both bands and optional dynamic scene-based NUC; advanced enhancement processing of the output video is also supported. The dewar-electronics assembly measures approximately 4.75 x 2.25 x 1.75 inches. A compact, high-performance linear cooler and cooler electronics module provide the necessary FPA cooling over a military environmental temperature range. 3GFSE units are currently being assembled and integrated at RVS, with the first units planned for delivery to the US Army.

  1. Effects of notetaking instruction on 3rd grade student's science learning and notetaking behavior

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Pai-Lin

    The research examined effects of notetaking instruction on elementary-aged students' ability to recall science information and notetaking behavior. Classes of 3rd grade students were randomly assigned to three treatment conditions, strategic notetaking, partial strategic notetaking, and control, for 4 training sessions. The effects of the notetaking instruction were measured by their performances on a test on science information taught during the training, a long-term free recall of the information, and number of information units recalled with or without cues. Students' prior science achievement was used to group students into two levels (high vs. low) and functioned as another independent variable in analysis. Results indicated significant treatment effect on cued and non-cued recall of the information units in favor of the strategy instruction groups. Students with higher prior achievement in science performed better on cued recall and long-term free recall of information. The results suggest that students as young as at the third grade can be instructed to develop the ability of notetaking that promotes their learning.

  2. USE OF DNA TECHNOLOGY IN FORENSIC DENTISTRY

    PubMed Central

    da Silva, Ricardo Henrique Alves; Sales-Peres, Arsenio; de Oliveira, Rogério Nogueira; de Oliveira, Fernando Toledo; Sales-Peres, Sílvia Helena de Carvalho

    2007-01-01

    The established importance of Forensic Dentistry for human identification, mainly when there is little remaining material to perform such identification (e.g., in fires, explosions, decomposing bodies or skeletonized bodies), has led dentists working with forensic investigation to become more familiar with the new molecular biology techniques. The currently available DNA tests have high reliability and are accepted as legal proofs in courts. This article presents a literature review referring to the main studies on Forensic Dentistry that involve the use of DNA for human identification, and makes an overview of the evolution of this technology in the last years, highlighting the importance of molecular biology in forensic sciences. PMID:19089123

  3. Fibre-reinforced composites in restorative dentistry.

    PubMed

    Butterworth, Chris; Ellakwa, Ayman E; Shortall, Adrian

    2003-01-01

    Restorative dentistry is constantly evolving as a result of innovative treatment solutions based on new materials, treatment techniques and technologies, with composite materials being a prime example. The advent of fibre reinforcement has further increased the potential uses of composites within restorative dentistry. This paper discusses fibre types, structure and the physical properties of fibre-reinforced composites, in addition to outlining some of the potential clinical applications of this exciting group of materials, thus updating the reader on the new treatment possibilities offered by these developments. PMID:12955951

  4. Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on Microfluidics -Microfluidics 2012 -Heidelberg, December 3-5, 2012

    E-print Network

    Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on Microfluidics - Microfluidics 2012 - Heidelberg WORDS Microfluidic, pressure actuation, flow-rate control, algorithm, regulation, fluid handling system-rate control of a microfluidic system using pressure actuators. The algorithm combines the benefits of pressure

  5. An Analysis of Item Score Difference Between 3rd and 4th Grades Using the TIMSS Database

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jianjun Wang

    2004-01-01

    Primary school data from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) are analyzed in this article to examine performance difference between 3rd and 4th grades. Score comparisons are determined across all TIMSS items in each of the participating countries, using computer technology and programming to complete the thousands of score subtractions. The empirical findings indicate that not all TIMSS

  6. ERRATA TO EARLIER PRINTINGS OF LANG'S ALGEBRA (3RD EDITION) and minor errata to the current printing

    E-print Network

    Ribet, Kenneth A.

    ERRATA TO EARLIER PRINTINGS OF LANG'S ALGEBRA (3RD EDITION) and minor errata to the current printing This list does not include corrections noted in the main part of this ``Companion'', i.e., corrections to the latest printing that seemed important enough to bring to the student's attention. Thus

  7. Iowa Acceleration Scale Manual: A Guide for Whole-Grade Acceleration K-8. (3rd Edition, Manual)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Assouline, Susan G.; Colangelo, Nicholas; Lupkowski-Shoplik, Ann; Forstadt, Leslie; Lipscomb, Jonathon

    2009-01-01

    Feedback from years of nationwide use has resulted in a 3rd Edition of this unique, systematic, and objective guide to considering and implementing academic acceleration. Developed and tested by the Belin-Blank Center at the University of Iowa, the IAS ensures that acceleration decisions are systematic, thoughtful, well reasoned, and defensible.…

  8. Differential contribution of specific working memory components to mathematics achievement in 2nd and 3rd graders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. L. Meyer; V. N. Salimpoor; S. S. Wu; D. C. Geary; V. Menon

    2010-01-01

    The contribution of the three core components of working memory (WM) to the development of mathematical skills in young children is poorly understood. The relation between specific WM components and Numerical Operations, which emphasize computation and fact retrieval, and Mathematical Reasoning, which emphasizes verbal problem solving abilities in 48 2nd and 50 3rd graders was assessed using standardized WM and

  9. Education Reform Starts Early: Lessons from New Jersey's PreK-3rd Reform Efforts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mead, Sara

    2009-01-01

    This report seeks to describe how New Jersey became a national leader in early education and PreK-3rd, identify its successes and challenges, draw lessons from its experience for policymakers in other states and nationally, and provide recommendations for New Jersey policymakers to translate progress to date into sustained, large scale learning…

  10. 3rd International Conference on Sustainable Development Indicators 73 in the Minerals Industry, June 2007, Milos island, Greece

    E-print Network

    3rd International Conference on Sustainable Development Indicators 73 in the Minerals Industry, June 2007, Milos island, Greece Integrating sustainability in coal mining operations J. Craynon and M sustainable development policies and guidelines in place that provide guidance for operations, and report

  11. Predicting 3rd Grade and 10th Grade FCAT Success for 2007-08. Research Brief. Volume 0702

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Froman, Terry; Rubiera, Vilma

    2008-01-01

    For the past few years the Florida School Code has set the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT) performance requirements for promotion of 3rd graders and graduation for 10 graders. Grade 3 students who do not score at level 2 or higher on the FCAT SSS Reading must be retained unless exempted for special circumstances. Grade 10 students…

  12. Predicting 3rd Grade and 10th Grade FCAT Success for 2006-07. Research Brief. Volume 0601

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Froman, Terry; Rubiera, Vilma

    2006-01-01

    For the past few years the Florida School Code has set the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT) performance requirements for promotion of 3rd graders and graduation for 10th graders. Grade 3 students who do not score at level 2 or higher on the FCAT SSS Reading must be retained unless exempted for special circumstances. Grade 10 students…

  13. 3rd International Workshop MAVEBA 2003, 151-154 Firenze University Press 2003, ISBN 88-8453-154-3

    E-print Network

    Avanzini, Federico

    3rd International Workshop MAVEBA 2003, 151-154 © Firenze University Press 2003, ISBN 88 quality [3], [4], [5]. Many of the acoustic and perceptual features of an individual's voice the pulse shape. The LF-model is provided with parameters for the control of the glottal pulse open phase

  14. Fertility Discussion Groups 1ST AND 3RD WEDNESDAYS OF EVERY MONTH 5:30--7:00 PM

    E-print Network

    Goldman, Steven A.

    Fertility Discussion Groups 1ST AND 3RD WEDNESDAYS OF EVERY MONTH 5:30--7:00 PM 6/5/13--Stress, LMFT) 10/2/13--Taking care of your relationship while managing fertility struggles (Kim Linde, MS, LMFT) 10/16/13--To be determined (Kim Linde, MS, LMFT) 11/6/13--Holiday stress and fertility treatment

  15. Constancy and Variability: Dialogic Literacy Events as Sites for Improvisation in Two 3rd-Grade Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Michelle E.; Santori, Diane

    2015-01-01

    This multisite study investigates dialogic literacy events that revolved around narrative and informational texts in two 3rd-grade classrooms. The authors offer a metaphor of musical improvisation to contemplate dialogic literacy events as part of the repertoire of teaching and learning experiences. In literacy learning, where there is much…

  16. A Program Evaluation of ClassScape Used in 3rd Grade Classes in a Rural County in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Misha Neely

    2012-01-01

    The research study will examine the impact of using the ClassScape program and targeted interventions on 3rd grade reading levels of performance. The conceptual and theoretical framework for the study suggests the need to connect formative, benchmark, and summative assessments in North Carolina. Furthermore, the review of the literature will…

  17. 3rd Reading April 20, 2006 16:56 WSPC/SPI-B368 Advances in Geosciences Vol. 5 ch11

    E-print Network

    Oke, Peter

    3rd Reading April 20, 2006 16:56 WSPC/SPI-B368 Advances in Geosciences Vol. 5 ch11 #12;3rd Reading April 20, 2006 16:56 WSPC/SPI-B368 Advances in Geosciences Vol. 5 ch11 BLUElink> OPERATIONAL OCEAN;3rd Reading April 20, 2006 16:56 WSPC/SPI-B368 Advances in Geosciences Vol. 5 ch11 88 G. B

  18. 3rd hand smoking; heterogeneous oxidation of nicotine and secondary aerosol formation in the indoor environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petrick, Lauren; Dubowski, Yael

    2010-05-01

    Tobacco smoking is well known as a significant source of primary indoor air pollutants. However, only recently has it been recognized that the impact of Tobacco smoking may continue even after the cigarette has been extinguished (i.e., third hand smoke) due to the effect of indoor surfaces. These surfaces may affect the fate of tobacco smoke in the form of secondary reactions and pollutants, including secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation. Fourier Transform Infrared spectrometry with Attenuated Total Reflection (FTIR-ATR) in tandem with a Scanning Mobility Particle Sizing (SMPS) system was used to monitor the ozonation of cellulose sorbed nicotine and resulting SOA formation. SOA formation began at onset of ozone introduction ([O3] = 60 ± 5 ppb) with a size distribution of dp ? 25 nm, and was determined to be a result of heterogeneous reaction (opposed to homogeneous). SOA yield from reacted surface nicotine was on the order of 10 %. Simultaneous to SOA monitoring, FTIR-ATR spectra showed surface changes in the nicotine film as the reaction progressed, revealing a pseudo first-order surface reaction rate of 0.0026 ± 0.0008 min-1. Identified surface oxidation products included: cotinine, myosmine, methylnicotinamide and nicotyrine. Surface reaction rate was found to be partially inhibited at high relative humidity. Given the toxicity of some of the identified products (e.g., cotinine has shown potential mutagenicity and teratogenicity) and that small particles may contribute to adverse health effects, the present study indicates that exposure to 3rd hand smoke ozonation products may pose additional health risks.

  19. 3 rd generation 1280 x 720 FPA development status at Raytheon Vision Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    King, D. F.; Radford, W. A.; Patten, E. A.; Graham, R. W.; McEwan, T. F.; Vodicka, J. G.; Bornfreund, R. E.; Goetz, P. M.; Venzor, G. M.; Johnson, S. M.; Jensen, J. E.; Nosho, B. Z.; Roth, J. A.

    2006-05-01

    Raytheon Vision Systems (RVS) has developed and demonstrated the first-ever 1280 x 720 pixel dual-band MW/LWIR focal plane arrays (FPA) to support 3rd-Generation tactical IR systems under the U.S. Army's Dual-Band FPA Manufacturing (DBFM) program. The MW/LWIR detector arrays are fabricated from MBE-grown HgCdTe triple-layer heterojunction (TLHJ) wafers. The RVS dual-band FPA architecture provides highly simultaneous temporal detection in the MWIR and LWIR bands using time-division multiplexed integration (TDMI) incorporated into the readout integrated circuit (ROIC). The TDMI ROIC incorporates a high degree of integration and output flexibility, and supports both dual-band and single-band full-frame operating modes, as well as high-speed LWIR "window" operation at 480 Hz frame rate. The ROIC is hybridized to a two-color detector array using a single indium interconnect per pixel, which makes it highly producible for 20 ?m unit cells and exploits mature fabrication processes currently used to produce single-color FPAs. High-quality 1280 x 720 MW/LWIR FPAs have been fabricated and excellent dual-band imagery produced at 60 Hz frame rate. The 1280 x 720 detector arrays for these FPAs have LWIR cutoff wavelengths >=10.5 ?m at 78K. These FPAs have demonstrated high-sensitivity at 78K with MW NETD values < 20 mK and LW NETD values <30 mK with f/3.5 apertures. Pixel operability greater than 99.9% has been achieved in the MW band and greater than 98% in the LW band.

  20. A brief history of aerospace dentistry.

    PubMed

    Savage, D Keith

    2002-07-01

    In April 2000, the National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine (NAS/IOM) Committee on Space Medicine held a workshop under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to explore "innovative terrestrial medical care." There was also a NAS/IOM panel held on "Space Dentistry: Maintaining Astronauts' Oral Health on Long Missions." Air Force Dental Officer Col. Shannon E. Mills chaired the dental committee. Many questions were raised but few answers were available. Prevention was emphasized with the hope that within twenty to thirty years there may be a number of astronaut candidates with no existing dental restorations and with optimum oral health. However, there remains the concern that trauma to teeth could occur within the confines of a zero gravity space capsule as crew members carry out their daily responsibilities. The possibility is evident considering the duration of a space flight to Mars and back could require up to three years. The dental concerns of a space mission are only a small part of a much larger team effort, however, it is one not to be overlooked. An historical review of dentistry's involvement with America's flight and space programs of the 20th Century would be prudent. Many of same questions asked today were addressed in the early days of aviation dentistry as it transitioned into aerospace dentistry. Any past research and experiences would help serve as a foundation to build upon. PMID:12125697

  1. SCHULICH DENTISTRY ALUMNI NEWSLETTER | 2014 Justin Abbott

    E-print Network

    Denham, Graham

    ­ D. Donald S. Moore Award in Occlusal therapy Alyson Kohlmeier Emona Kraja ­ American Academy of Oral Award in restorative Dentistry Sahar Rodfar Mehtab Sandhu Emily Santander ­ Ontario Dental Association Award Sukhraaj Shinger Randeep Sidhu Ranmeet Sidhu Satinder Sidhu Jenna Simon ­ london & District Dental

  2. University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry

    E-print Network

    MacMillan, Andrew

    .) Overview The experience visitors have when they come to the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry (FoMD) website. For that reason, it's critical that we consider their experience when we're developing our web materials brand increases the university's effectiveness in attracting and retaining students, faculty

  3. Ceramics in Restorative and Prosthetic DENTISTRY1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Robert Kelly

    1997-01-01

    This review is intended to provide the ceramic engineer with information about the history and current use of ceramics in dentistry, contemporary research topics, and potential research agenda. Background material includes intra-oral design considerations, descriptions of ceramic dental components, and the origin, composition, and microstructure of current dental ceramics. Attention is paid to efforts involving net-shape processing, machining as a

  4. Gene therapy in dentistry: present and future.

    PubMed

    Baum, Bruce J

    2014-12-01

    Gene therapy is one of several novel biological treatments under active study for a wide variety of clinical applications, including many relevant to dentistry. This review will provide some background on this therapeutic approach, assess the current state of its applications generally, and in the oral cavity, and suggest the implications for its use in the next 25 years. PMID:25707089

  5. UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON SCHOOL OF DENTISTRY

    E-print Network

    Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

    Services reserves the authority to reassign specialty clinic operations to the D wing based on staffing Plan applies only during inclement weather when the University has NOT declared suspended operations. The School of Dentistry Suspended Operations Plan is in effect only when the University suspends operations

  6. Computerized implant-dentistry: Advances toward automation

    PubMed Central

    Gulati, Minkle; Anand, Vishal; Salaria, Sanjeev Kumar; Jain, Nikil; Gupta, Shilpi

    2015-01-01

    Advancements in the field of implantology such as three-dimensional imaging, implant-planning software, computer-aided-design/computer-aided-manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology, computer-guided, and navigated implant surgery have led to the computerization of implant-dentistry. This three-dimensional computer-generated implant-planning and surgery has not only enabled accurate preoperative evaluation of the anatomic limitations but has also facilitated preoperative planning of implant positions along with virtual implant placement and subsequently transferring the virtual treatment plans onto the surgical phase via static (guided) or dynamic (navigated) systems aided by CAD/CAM technology. Computerized-implant-dentistry being highly predictable and minimally invasive in nature has also allowed implant placement in patients with medical comorbidities (e.g. radiation therapy, blood dyscrasias), in patients with complex problems following a significant alteration of the bony anatomy as a result of benign or malignant pathology of the jaws or trauma and in patients with other physical and emotional problems. With significant achievements accomplished in the field of computerized implant-dentistry, attempts are now been made toward complete automation of implant-dentistry. PMID:25810585

  7. Developing an Undergraduate Hospital Dentistry Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibson, G. B.; Swanson, A. E.

    1991-01-01

    The process used by the University of British Columbia to establish and improve an undergraduate hospital dentistry program is chronicled. The program's initial structure and objectives, use of student input for program improvement, and the success of the approach in developing an effective program are discussed. (MSE)

  8. An Interprofessional Learning Experience in Sports Dentistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kumamoto, David P.; DiOrio, Louis P.

    1989-01-01

    A survey of dental schools elicited information about course offerings in sports dentistry, opinions about offering such a course, dental school construction of mouthguards for campus or outside athletes, and provision of treatment for athlete dental trauma. A University of Illinois course is described and student reactions are discussed. (MSE)

  9. SESAME - A 3rd Generation Synchrotron Light Source for the Middle East

    SciTech Connect

    Ulkue, Dincer [Hacettepe University, Department of Engineering Physics, Beytepe-06800 Ankara (Turkey); Rahighi, Javad [Atomic Energy Organization, Nuclear Research Center, P.O. Box 14155-1339 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Winick, Herman [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park CA 94025-7015 (United States)

    2007-01-19

    SESAME (Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East) will be the Middle East's first international research center. It is a cooperative venture by the scientists and governments of the region with founding members Bahrain, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Pakistan, Palestine Authority, and Turkey. Iran is in the process of finalizing its formal membership. Other countries (Cyprus, Morocco, and the United Arab Emirates) are also expected to join. The permanent Council of member states has full responsibility for the project. Members provide the annual operating budget. Observer countries are Germany, Greece, Italy, Kuwait, Portugal, Russian Federation, Sweden, the UK, and the US. SESAME is being developed under the umbrella of UNESCO. Jordan was selected as the building site. SESAME will offer excellent opportunities for training of Middle East scientists and attract those working abroad to consider returning. SESAME will be a 2.5GeV 3rd Generation light source (emittance 26nm-rad, circumference {approx}133m), providing excellent performance for structural molecular biology, molecular environmental science, surface and interface science, microelectromechanical devices, x-ray imaging, archaeological microanalysis, and materials characterization. It will cover a broad spectral range from the infrared to hard x-rays and will have 12 straight sections for insertion devices (average length 2.75m). The injector will be the BESSY I 0.8 GeV booster synchrotron which has been given as a gift from Germany. Four committees advise the Council and assist in developing the technical design, beam lines, user community, and scientific Program. The SESAME building, now in construction with funds and a site provided by Jordan, is scheduled for completion in late 2006 after which the BESSY I injector will be installed. First stored beam in the new 2.5 GeV ring is planned for 2009 with six initial beamlines planned. Some beamlines will be built by member countries. Additional funds to purchase components of the new ring and beamlines are being sought from the EU, the US, and other sources. SESAME has benefited greatly from offers by other light source facilities of equipment and training fellowships in both accelerator technology and applications of synchrotron radiation. Details of this, and other aspects of the training program, are given below. It is hoped that in the future fellowship offers will continue to be made by many light source laboratories to further increase the level of experience with accelerator technology and synchrotron light science in preparation for the start of operation of SESAME.

  10. PREFACE: 3rd International Workshop on Statistical Physics and Mathematics for Complex Systems (SPMCS 2012)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tayurskii, Dmitrii; Abe, Sumiyoshi; Alexandre Wang, Q.

    2012-11-01

    The 3rd International Workshop on Statistical Physics and Mathematics for Complex Systems (SPMCS2012) was held between 25-30 August at Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation. This workshop was jointly organized by Kazan Federal University and Institut Supérieur des Matériaux et Mécaniques Avancées (ISMANS), France. The series of SPMCS workshops was created in 2008 with the aim to be an interdisciplinary incubator for the worldwide exchange of innovative ideas and information about the latest results. The first workshop was held at ISMANS, Le Mans (France) in 2008, and the third at Huazhong Normal University, Wuhan (China) in 2010. At SPMCS2012, we wished to bring together a broad community of researchers from the different branches of the rapidly developing complexity science to discuss the fundamental theoretical challenges (geometry/topology, number theory, statistical physics, dynamical systems, etc) as well as experimental and applied aspects of many practical problems (condensed matter, disordered systems, financial markets, chemistry, biology, geoscience, etc). The program of SPMCS2012 was prepared based on three categories: (i) physical and mathematical studies (quantum mechanics, generalized nonequilibrium thermodynamics, nonlinear dynamics, condensed matter physics, nanoscience); (ii) natural complex systems (physical, geophysical, chemical and biological); (iii) social, economical, political agent systems and man-made complex systems. The conference attracted 64 participants from 10 countries. There were 10 invited lectures, 12 invited talks and 28 regular oral talks in the morning and afternoon sessions. The book of Abstracts is available from the conference website (http://www.ksu.ru/conf/spmcs2012/?id=3). A round table was also held, the topic of which was 'Recent and Anticipated Future Progress in Science of Complexity', discussing a variety of questions and opinions important for the understanding of the concept of complexity itself, the behaviours of complex systems as well as for the finding of new theoretical methods. The papers submitted to this volume were carefully reviewed by referees. We are very grateful to the referees for their very efficient and thoughtful actions. A few submitted papers were unfortunately not included based on the referee reports. As a result, 34 papers are included here. We are very grateful to the members of the international advisory committee for their recommendations of speakers for SPMCS2012. We also appreciate the behind-the-scenes work of the members of the local organizing committee in preparing the conference site, web page, mail correspondence, arrangements for excursions and accommodation, handling the financial support for participants, and so on. Finally, we acknowledge the support from Kazan Federal University. Sumiyoshi Abe Alain Le Méhauté Dmitrii Tayurskii

  11. Building monument materials during the 3rd-4rd millennium (Portugal)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moita, Patricia; Pedro, Jorge; Boaventura, Rui; Mataloto, Rui; Maximo, Jaime; Almeida, Luís; Nogueira, Pedro

    2014-05-01

    Dolmens are the most conspicuous remains of the populations of the 4th and first half of 3rd millennia BCE. These tombs are impressive not only for their monumentality, but also because of the socioeconomic investment they represent for those Neolithic communities, namely from the Central-South of Portugal, who built them. Although dolmens have been studied for their funerary content and typologies, an interdisciplinary approach toward the geological characterization and sourcing of stones used in these constructions has not received enough attention from researchers. With MEGAGEO project a multidisciplinary group of geologist and archaeologists intends to assess the relationship between the distribution of dolmens in Central-South Portugal, their source materials, and the geological landscape. GIS will map the information gathered and will be used to analyse these relationships. The selection of the areas, with distinctive geologies (limestone vs granite), will allow to verify if human patterns of behaviour regarding the selection of megaliths are similar or different regionally. Geologically the first target area (Freixo, Alentejo) is dominated by a small intrusion of gabbro mingled/mixed within a granodioritic intrusion both related with variscan orogeny. Granodiorite exhibit several enclaves of igneous and metamorphic nature attesting the interaction between both igneous rocks as well with enclosing gneisses. Despite Alentejo region have a reduced number of outcrops the granodiorite provides rounded to tabular metric blocks. The gabbro is very coarse grained, sometimes with a cumulate texture, and their fracturing and weathering provide very fresh tabular blocks. The five studied dolmens (Quinta do Freixo #1 to #5) are implanted in a large granodioritic intrusion, around the gabbroic rocks, within an area of approximately 9km2. The medium grained granodiorite is ubiquity in all the dolmens slabs and occasionally it can be observed features of mixing and mingling mechanisms; interpenetration of different magmas and enclaves. There were not identified slabs of gabbros in dolmens slabs. In distances less than 100m from the dolmens, it is possible to identify an outcrop with equal features (petrographic as well geometric) with those found in the slabs. These observations agrees with previous authors (e.g. Boaventura, 2000) that favours a pragmatic attitude of Neolithic populations in the search of the appropriate slabs for construction. Funding - MEGAGEO PTDC /EPH-ARQ/3971/2012 Boaventura, R. (2000) - A geologia das Antas de Rabuje (Monforte, Alentejo), Revista Portuguesa de Arquelogia.Vol. 3;2.pp-15-23.

  12. Essential surgery: key messages from Disease Control Priorities, 3rd edition.

    PubMed

    Mock, Charles N; Donkor, Peter; Gawande, Atul; Jamison, Dean T; Kruk, Margaret E; Debas, Haile T

    2015-05-30

    The World Bank will publish the nine volumes of Disease Control Priorities, 3rd edition, in 2015-16. Volume 1--Essential Surgery--identifies 44 surgical procedures as essential on the basis that they address substantial needs, are cost effective, and are feasible to implement. This report summarises and critically assesses the volume's five key findings. First, provision of essential surgical procedures would avert about 1·5 million deaths a year, or 6-7% of all avertable deaths in low-income and middle-income countries. Second, essential surgical procedures rank among the most cost effective of all health interventions. The surgical platform of the first-level hospital delivers 28 of the 44 essential procedures, making investment in this platform also highly cost effective. Third, measures to expand access to surgery, such as task sharing, have been shown to be safe and effective while countries make long-term investments in building surgical and anaesthesia workforces. Because emergency procedures constitute 23 of the 28 procedures provided at first-level hospitals, expansion of access requires that such facilities be widely geographically diffused. Fourth, substantial disparities remain in the safety of surgical care, driven by high perioperative mortality rates including anaesthesia-related deaths in low-income and middle-income countries. Feasible measures, such as WHO's Surgical Safety Checklist, have led to improvements in safety and quality. Fifth, the large burden of surgical disorders, cost-effectiveness of essential surgery, and strong public demand for surgical services suggest that universal coverage of essential surgery should be financed early on the path to universal health coverage. We point to estimates that full coverage of the component of universal coverage of essential surgery applicable to first-level hospitals would require just over US$3 billion annually of additional spending and yield a benefit-cost ratio of more than 10:1. It would efficiently and equitably provide health benefits, financial protection, and contributions to stronger health systems. PMID:25662414

  13. Does 3rd Age + 3rd World = 3rd Class?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tout, Ken

    1992-01-01

    Demographic changes, migration, and industrialization are having drastic effects on older adults in developing nations. Local programs such as Pro Vida in Colombia, supported by Help Age International, rely on the support of volunteers to improve the quality of life for elderly people. (SK)

  14. Differential contribution of specific working memory components to mathematics achievement in 2nd and 3rd graders

    PubMed Central

    Meyer, M.L.; Salimpoor, V.N.; Wu, S.S.; Geary, D.C.; Menon, V.

    2010-01-01

    The contribution of the three core components of working memory (WM) to the development of mathematical skills in young children is poorly understood. The relation between specific WM components and Numerical Operations, which emphasize computation and fact retrieval, and Mathematical Reasoning, which emphasizes verbal problem solving abilities in 48 2nd and 50 3rd graders was assessed using standardized WM and mathematical achievement measures. For 2nd graders, the central executive and phonological components predicted Mathematical Reasoning skills; whereas the visuo-spatial component predicted both Mathematical Reasoning and Numerical Operations skills in 3rd graders. This pattern suggests that the central executive and phonological loop facilitate performance during early stages of mathematical learning whereas visuo-spatial representations play an increasingly important role during later stages. We propose that these changes reflect a shift from prefrontal to parietal cortical functions during mathematical skill acquisition. Implications for learning and individual differences are discussed. PMID:21660238

  15. Mechanical design and engineering of the 3.9 GHZ, 3rd harmonic SRF system at Fermilab

    SciTech Connect

    Don Mitchell et al.

    2004-08-05

    The mechanical development of the 3.9 GHz, 3rd Harmonic SRF System is summarized to include: the development of a full scale copper prototype cavity structure; the design of the niobium 3 cell and niobium 9 cell structures; the design of the helium vessel and cryostat; the HOM coupler design; and a preliminary look at the main coupler design. The manufacturing processes for forming, rolling, and e-beam welding the HOM coupler, cavity cells, and end tubes are also described. Due to the exotic materials and manufacturing processes used in this type of device, a cost estimate for the material and fabrication is provided. The 3rd harmonic design is organized via a web-based data management approach.

  16. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Air Pollution from Agricultural Operations Research Triangle Park, NC October 12-15, 2003

    E-print Network

    Kentucky, University of

    Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Air Pollution from Agricultural Operations-1192, Japan. #12;Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Air Pollution from Agricultural Operations. KEYWORDS emission, ammonia, chicken, ventilation, air quality INTRODUCTION Scientific estimates of ammonia

  17. 1 Copyright 2010 by ASME Proceedings of ASME 2010 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting and 8th International

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    of ASME 2010 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting and 8th International Conference1 Copyright © 2010 by ASME Proceedings of ASME 2010 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting and 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels FEDSM2010-ICNMM

  18. Ocean Waves Measurement and Analysis, Fifth International Symposium WAVES 2005, 3rd-7th, July, 2005. Madrid, Spain Paper number: 197

    E-print Network

    Grilli, Stéphan T.

    Ocean Waves Measurement and Analysis, Fifth International Symposium WAVES 2005, 3rd-7th, July, 2005. Madrid, Spain Paper number: 197 #12;Ocean Waves Measurement and Analysis, Fifth International Symposium International Symposium WAVES 2005, 3rd-7th, July, 2005. Madrid, Spain #12;Ocean Waves Measurement and Analysis

  19. LESAM 2009 3rd Leading-Edge conference on Strategic Asset Management IWA & AWWA, Miami, Florida, November 11-13, 2009 1

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    LESAM 2009 LESAM 2009 ­ 3rd Leading-Edge conference on Strategic Asset Management IWA & AWWA, Miami2009 Author manuscript, published in "LESAM 2009, Miami : United States (2009)" #12;LESAM 2009 LESAM 2009 ­ 3rd Leading-Edge conference on Strategic Asset Management IWA & AWWA, Miami, Florida, November

  20. M.S. ABDULLAH, I. BENEST, A. EVANS, and C. KIMBLE, Knowledge Modelling Techniques For Developing Knowledge Management Systems, 3rd European Conference on

    E-print Network

    Kimble, Chris

    Knowledge Management Systems, 3rd European Conference on Knowledge Management, Dublin, Ireland, September us to exist in this world. With the ending of the single-job-for-life culture, businesses lose much Management Systems, 3rd European Conference on Knowledge Management, Dublin, Ireland, September 2002, ISBN:0

  1. Comparison of call admission control algorithms in ATM\\/AAL2 based 3 rd generation mobile access networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Fodor; Gosta Leijonhufvud; Szabolcs Malomsoky; Antlras Racz

    1999-01-01

    While several papers and standards promote ATM in combination with the ATM Adaptation Layer Type 2 (AAL2) as the basic switching and multiplexing technology for 3rd generation mobile access networks, very little work addresses the issue of AAL2 call admission control (CAC). The hardship of AAL2 CAC comes from the fact that AAL2, unlike ATM, supports variable packet size traffic.

  2. Visual Arts Teaching in Kindergarten Through 3rd-Grade Classrooms in the UAE: Teacher Profiles, Perceptions, and Practices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mehmet Buldu; Mohamed S. Shaban

    2010-01-01

    This study portrayed a picture of kindergarten through 3rd-grade teachers who teach visual arts, their perceptions of the value of visual arts, their visual arts teaching practices, visual arts experiences provided to young learners in school, and major factors and\\/or influences that affect their teaching of visual arts. The sample for this study consisted of 25 visual arts teachers in

  3. Dentistry students' perceptions of learning management systems.

    PubMed

    Handal, B; Groenlund, C; Gerzina, T

    2010-02-01

    This paper reports an exploratory survey study about students' perceptions of learning management systems (LMS) at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sydney. Two hundred and fifty-four students enrolled in the Bachelor of Dentistry and the Bachelor of Oral Health programmes participated in an online survey aimed at exploring their beliefs and attitudes as well as their preferences for eLearning tools. Results indicated a strong preference of students for using LMSs as resource repositories rather than for higher-order learning activities such as online discussion forums. This finding holds importance for consideration of the development of the educational resources modalities that support development of essential graduate attributes such as information literacy and collaborative learning. PMID:20070799

  4. Propolis in dentistry and oral cancer management.

    PubMed

    S, Vagish Kumar L

    2014-06-01

    Propolis, known as bee glue, is a wax-cum-resin substance, which is created out of a mix of buds from some trees with the substance secreted from the bee's glands. Its diverse chemical content is responsible for many valuable properties. Multiple applications of propolis have been studied and described in detail for centuries. However, currently available information on propolis is scarce. A literature search in the PubMed database was performed for English language articles, using the search terms propolis, oral health, dentistry, and oral cancer; no restrictions were used for publication dates. The aim of the article was to review propolis and its applications in dentistry including oral cancer. PMID:25006559

  5. PREFACE: 3rd International Workshop on Materials Analysis and Processing in Magnetic Fields (MAP3)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sakka, Yoshio; Hirota, Noriyuki; Horii, Shigeru; Ando, Tsutomu

    2009-07-01

    The 3rd International Workshop on Materials Analysis and Processing in Materials Fields (MAP3) was held on 14-16 May 2008 at the University of Tokyo, Japan. The first was held in March 2004 at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory in Tallahassee, USA. Two years later the second took place in Grenoble, France. MAP3 was held at The University of Tokyo International Symposium, and jointly with MANA Workshop on Materials Processing by External Stimulation, and JSPS CORE Program of Construction of the World Center on Electromagnetic Processing of Materials. At the end of MAP3 it was decided that the next MAP4 will be held in Atlanta, USA in 2010. Processing in magnetic fields is a rapidly expanding research area with a wide range of promising applications in materials science. MAP3 focused on the magnetic field interactions involved in the study and processing of materials in all disciplines ranging from physics to chemistry and biology: Magnetic field effects on chemical, physical, and biological phenomena Magnetic field effects on electrochemical phenomena Magnetic field effects on thermodynamic phenomena Magnetic field effects on hydrodynamic phenomena Magnetic field effects on crystal growth Magnetic processing of materials Diamagnetic levitation Magneto-Archimedes effect Spin chemistry Application of magnetic fields to analytical chemistry Magnetic orientation Control of structure by magnetic fields Magnetic separation and purification Magnetic field-induced phase transitions Materials properties in high magnetic fields Development of NMR and MRI Medical application of magnetic fields Novel magnetic phenomena Physical property measurement by Magnetic fields High magnetic field generation> MAP3 consisted of 84 presentations including 16 invited talks. This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series contains the proceeding of MAP3 with 34 papers that provide a scientific record of the topics covered by the conference with the special topics (13 papers) in the journal Science and Technology of Advanced Materials. All articles have been refereed by experts in the field. Both of these journals are fully accessible electronically and can be cited and referenced in the usual way. It is our hope that the reader will enjoy and profit from the MAP3 Proceedings. Hitoshi Wada (Kashiwa, Japan) Chair Eric Beaugon (Grenoble, France) Hans J Schneider-Muntau (Tallahassee, USA) Co-chair Advisory Board Shigeo Asai (Nagoya, Japan) Koichi Kitazawa (Tokyo, Japan) Mitsuhiro Motokawa (Sendai, Japan) Shoogo Ueno (Fukuoka, Japan) Robert Tournier (Grenoble, France) Justin Schwartz (Tallahassee, USA) J C Maan (Nijmegen, Netherland) Scientific Committee Yoshifumi Tanimoto (Hiroshima, Japan) Masuhiro Yamaguchi (Yokohama, Japan) Tsunehisa Kimura (Kyoto, Japan) Yoshio Sakka (Tsukuba Japan) Ryoichi Aogaki (Tokyo, Japan) Jyunji Miyakoshi (Hirosaki, Japan) Kazuo Watanabe (Sendai, Japan) James M Valles Jr. (Providence, USA) Joon Pyo Park (Pohang, Korea) Qiang Wang (Shenyang, China) Nicole Pamme (Hull, UK) Sophie Rivoirard (Grenoble, France) P C M Christianen (Nijmegen, Netherland) Local Organizing Committee Isao Yamamoto Masafumi Yamato Shigeru Horii Norihito Sogoshi Masateru Ikehata Noriyuki Hirota Tsutomu Ando Proceedings Editorial Board Yoshio Sakka Noriyuki Hirota Shigeru Horii Tsutomu Ando Conference photograph

  6. PREFACE: 3rd Workshop on Theory, Modelling and Computational Methods for Semiconductors (TMCSIII)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Califano, Marco; Migliorato, Max; Probert, Matt

    2012-05-01

    These conference proceedings contain the written papers of the contributions presented at the 3rd International Conference on Theory, Modelling and Computational Methods for Semiconductor materials and nanostructures. The conference was held at the School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK on 18-20 January 2012. The previous conferences in this series took place in 2010 at St William's College, York and in 2008 at the University of Manchester, UK. The development of high-speed computer architectures is finally allowing the routine use of accurate methods for calculating the structural, thermodynamic, vibrational, optical and electronic properties of semiconductors and their hetero- and nano-structures. The scope of this conference embraces modelling, theory and the use of sophisticated computational tools in semiconductor science and technology, where there is substantial potential for time-saving in R&D. Theoretical approaches represented in this meeting included: Density Functional Theory, Tight Binding, Semiempirical Pseudopotential Methods, Effective Mass Models, Empirical Potential Methods and Multiscale Approaches. Topics included, but were not limited to: Optical and Transport Properties of Quantum Nanostructures including Colloids and Nanotubes, Plasmonics, Magnetic Semiconductors, Graphene, Lasers, Photonic Structures, Photovoltaic and Electronic Devices. This workshop ran for three days, with the objective of bringing together UK and international leading experts in the theoretical modelling of Group IV, III-V and II-VI semiconductors, as well as students, postdocs and early-career researchers. The first day focused on providing an introduction and overview of this vast field, aimed particularly at students, with several lectures given by recognised experts in various theoretical approaches. The following two days showcased some of the best theoretical research carried out in the UK in this field, with several contributions also from representatives of renowned theoretical groups from many European countries (Spain, France, Ireland, Germany, Italy, Poland, Denmark, Sweden, Serbia, Greece, etc.), as well as Asia (India) and Africa (Algeria, Tunisia and South Africa). We would like to thank all participants for making this a very successful meeting and for their contribution to the conference programme and these proceedings. We would also like to acknowledge the financial support from the Institute of Physics (Computational Physics group and Semiconductor Physics group), and QuantumWise (distributors of Atomistix). The Editors Acknowledgments Conference Organising Committee: Marco Califano (University of Leeds) Max Migliorato (University of Manchester) Matt Probert (University of York) Programme Committee: Stewart Clark (University of Durham) Aldo Di Carlo (University of Rome 'Tor Vergata', Italy) Ben Hourahine (University of Strathclyde) Lev Kantorovich (King's College London) Risto Nieminen (Helsinki University of Technology, Finland) Eoin O'Reilly (Tyndall Institute Cork, Republic of Ireland) Mauro Pereira (Sheffield Hallam University) John Robertson (University of Cambridge) Mervin Roy (University of Leicester) Stanko Tomic (University of Salford) David Whittaker (University of Sheffield) The proceedings were edited and compiled by Marco Califano, Max Migliorato and Matt Probert.

  7. FOREWORD: 3rd International Workshop on New Computational Methods for Inverse Problems (NCMIP 2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blanc-Féraud, Laure; Joubert, Pierre-Yves

    2013-10-01

    Conference logo This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series is dedicated to the scientific contributions presented during the 3rd International Workshop on New Computational Methods for Inverse Problems, NCMIP 2013 (http://www.farman.ens-cachan.fr/NCMIP_2013.html). This workshop took place at Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, in Cachan, France, on 22 May 2013, at the initiative of Institut Farman. The prior editions of NCMIP also took place in Cachan, France, firstly within the scope of the ValueTools Conference, in May 2011 (http://www.ncmip.org/2011/), and secondly at the initiative of Institut Farman, in May 2012 (http://www.farman.ens-cachan.fr/NCMIP_2012.html). The NCMIP Workshop focused on recent advances in the resolution of inverse problems. Indeed inverse problems appear in numerous scientific areas such as geophysics, biological and medical imaging, material and structure characterization, electrical, mechanical and civil engineering, and finances. The resolution of inverse problems consists of estimating the parameters of the observed system or structure from data collected by an instrumental sensing or imaging device. Its success firstly requires the collection of relevant observation data. It also requires accurate models describing the physical interactions between the instrumental device and the observed system, as well as the intrinsic properties of the solution itself. Finally, it requires the design of robust, accurate and efficient inversion algorithms. Advanced sensor arrays and imaging devices provide high rate and high volume data; in this context, the efficient resolution of the inverse problem requires the joint development of new models and inversion methods, taking computational and implementation aspects into account. During this one-day workshop, researchers had the opportunity to bring to light and share new techniques and results in the field of inverse problems. The topics of the workshop were: algorithms and computational aspects of inversion, Bayesian estimation, kernel methods, learning methods, convex optimization, free discontinuity problems, metamodels, proper orthogonal decomposition, reduced models for the inversion, non-linear inverse scattering, image reconstruction and restoration, and applications (bio-medical imaging, non-destructive evaluation...). NCMIP 2013 was a one-day workshop held in May 2013 which attracted around 60 attendees. Each of the submitted papers has been reviewed by three reviewers. Among the accepted papers, there are seven oral presentations, five posters and one invited poster (On a deconvolution challenge presented by C Vonesch from EPFL, Switzerland). In addition, three international speakers were invited to present a longer talk. The workshop was supported by Institut Farman (ENS Cachan, CNRS) and endorsed by the following French research networks (GDR ISIS, GDR Ondes, GDR MOA, GDR MSPC). The program committee acknowledges the following research laboratories CMLA, LMT, LSV, LURPA, SATIE. Laure Blanc-Féraud and Pierre-Yves Joubert Workshop co-chair Laure Blanc-Féraud, I3S laboratory and INRIA Nice Sophia-Antipolis, France Pierre-Yves Joubert, IEF, Paris-Sud University, CNRS, France Technical program committee Gilles Aubert, J-A Dieudonné Laboratory, CNRS and University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis, France Nabil Anwer, LURPA, ENS Cachan, France Alexandre Baussard, ENSTA Bretagne, Lab-STICC, France Marc Bonnet, ENSTA, ParisTech, France Antonin Chambolle, CMAP, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, France Oliver Dorn, School of Mathematics, University of Manchester, UK Cécile Durieu, SATIE, ENS Cachan, CNRS, France Gérard Favier, I3S Laboratory, University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, France Mário Figueiredo, Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon, Portugal Laurent Fribourg, LSV, ENS Cachan, CNRS, France Marc Lambert, L2S Laboratory, CNRS, SupElec, Paris-Sud University, France Dominique Lesselier, L2S Laboratory, CNRS, SupElec, Paris-Sud University, France Matteo Pastorino, DIBE, University of Genoa, Italy Christian Rey, LMT, ENS Cachan, CNRS, France Simon Set

  8. A global drought climatology for the 3rd edition of the World Atlas of Desertification (WAD)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spinoni, Jonathan; Carrao, Hugo; Naumann, Gustavo; Antofie, Tiberiu; Barbosa, Paulo; Vogt, Jürgen

    2013-04-01

    A new version of the World Atlas of Desertification (WAD) is being compiled in the framework of cooperation between the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). This initiative aims at mapping the global land degradation and desertification, as well as introducing the reader with complex interactions of geo-physical, socio-economic, and political aspects that affect the environmental sustainability. Recurrent extreme events resulting from climate change, such as more severe droughts, combined with non-adapted land use practices can affect the resilience of ecosystems tipping them into a less productive state. Thus, to describe the effects of climatological hazards on land degradation and desertification processes, we computed a World drought climatology that will be part of the 3rd edition of the WAD and will replace and update to 2010 the results presented in the 2nd edition in 1997. This paper presents the methodology used to compute three parameters included in the WAD drought climatology, i.e. drought frequency, intensity and duration, and discusses their spatio-temporal patterns both at global and continental scales. Because drought is mainly driven and triggered by a rainfall deficit, we chose the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) as the drought indicator to estimate our climatological parameters. The SPI is a statistical precipitation-based drought indicator widely used in drought-related studies. We calculated the SPI on three different accumulation periods: 3 months (SPI-3), 6 months (SPI-6), and 12 months (SPI-12), in order to take into account meteorological, agricultural, and hydrological drought-related features. Each quantity has been calculated on a monthly basis using the baseline period between January 1951 and December 2010. As data input, we used the Full Data Reanalysis Version 6.0 (0.5?x0.5?) of gridded monthly precipitation provided by the Global Precipitation Climatology Center (GPCC) of the Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD). This dataset was selected after an extensive quality check on data reliability, homogeneity, and physical consistency. We defined the drought frequency as the number of months with SPI below -1 out of all months in different periods of 10-15 years between 1951 and 2010. For the drought intensity we analyzed the drought events with at least 3 consecutive months with SPI below -1. The drought duration is defined in an operative way: a drought starts when SPI first falls below -1 and it ends when it turns back positive (i.e. >0) for at least 2 consecutive months. The results show that in the last two decades, as compared to the long-term normal conditions, the regions most affected by drought events were Congo and Central Africa, North-Eastern China, the Australian South-Eastern coast, and the Middle East. In general, an increase in duration and intensity of drought events was found for almost all the Northern Hemisphere. We also focused on some regional case studies dealing with drought events in the Mediterranean region, the Horn of Africa, and South America in the last 15 years

  9. Evidence of human-induced morphodynamic changes along the Campania coastal areas (southern Italy) since the 3rd-4th cent. AD

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Russo Ermolli, Elda; Romano, Paola; Liuzza, Viviana; Amato, Vincenzo; Ruello, Maria Rosaria; Di Donato, Valentino

    2014-05-01

    Campania has always offered suitable climatic and physiographic conditions for human settlements since prehistoric times. In particular, many Graeco-Roman towns developed along its coasts starting from the 7th-6th cent. BC. In the last decade, geoarchaelogical surveys have been carried out in the archaeological excavations of Neapolis, Paestum and Elea-Velia allowing the main steps of the landscape evolution around these towns to be defined in detail. The greek town of Neapolis rose in the late 6th cent. BC [1] on a terrace overlooking a low-relief rocky coast surrounded by volcanic hills. Port activities developed in a protected bay facing the town from the 4th-2nd cent. BC up to the 4th cent. AD, as testified by the discovery of structures and shipwrecks [2, 3, 4]. Starting from the 3rd cent. AD a spit bar formed at the bay entrance causing the progressive establishment of a lagoon which was gradually filled up by alluvial inputs and completely closed in the 5th cent. AD. During the same period, episodes of increased alluvial inputs were also recorded further west along the coast, where a narrow sandy beach formed at the cliff toe. The greek town of Poseidonia, renamed Paestum by the Romans, was founded in the 540 BC on a travertine terrace facing the sandy littoral of a prograding coastal plain [5]. In front of the main town door, a coastal lagoon developed thanks to the growth of a dune ridge and was probably used for harbor activities [5]. After this period the shoreline shifted seawards, another dune ridge formed and the back-ridge depression was filled with fluvial-marshy deposits, slowly drying up. Phases of travertine deposition, which characterized the SE sector of the plain all along the Holocene, were recorded in the northern and southern quarters of the town in historical times and were connected to the abandonment of the town in the early Medieval times. The greek colony of Elea-Velia was located on top of a siliciclastic promontory where the ruins of the first archaic settlement (late 6th cent. BC) was unearthed. The Graeco-Roman town expanded downhill, exploiting the growth of a coastal plain, where occasional phases of flooding coexisted with the life of the citizens [6]. The onset of the 3rd cent. AD was characterized by phases of extreme floods which also occurred during the 4th and 5th cent. AD leading to several meters of ground-level aggradation and the burial of buildings [6, 7]. Although the three investigated sites are located in rather different morphological context, they show the evidence of a disequilibrium in the morphodynamics which started in the 3rd-4th cent. AD. The vast amount of collected data strongly suggest that this disequilibrium is a clear sign of a socio-economic decline which affected the Roman Empire during this period rather than the consequence of a climatic deterioration towards dryer conditions, for which no detailed data are available in the Mediterranean area [8]. The abandonment of the towns and their surroundings triggered increased soil erosion on the slopes suffering deforestation and in the farmlands for reduced maintenance, enhancing accumulation rates at the foothills and along coastal areas. References [1] D'Agostino, B., Giampaola, D., 2005. Osservazioni storiche e archeologiche sulla fondazione di Neapolis, in: Harris, W.V., Lo Cascio, E. (Eds.), Noctes Campanae, studi di storia antica e archeologia dell'Italia pre-romana e romana in memoria di Martin W. Frederiksen, Napoli, 63-72. [2] Giampaola, D., Carsana, V., Boetto, G., Bartolini, M., Capretti, C., Galotta, G., Giachi, G., Macchioni, N., Nugari, M. P., Pizzo, B., 2006. La scoperta del porto di Neapolis: dalla ricostruzione topografica allo scavo e al recupero dei relitti. Arch. Mar. Medit., Int. J. Underwat. Arch. 2, 47-91, Ist. Ed. Poligr.Int. MMVI, Pisa - Roma. [3] Allevato, E., Russo Ermolli, E., Boetto, G., Di Pasquale, G., 2010. Pollen-wood analysis at the Neapolis harbour site (1st-3rd century AD, southern Italy) and its archaeobotanical implications. J. Archaeol. Sci. 37, 2365-2375. [4] Russo Ermoll

  10. Small animal dentistry in Canada: 1994 survey.

    PubMed Central

    Haws, I J; Anthony, J M

    1996-01-01

    Small animal dentistry is a rapidly growing area of interest and specialization internationally, offering tremendous benefits to patients, clients, and practitioners. To date, no studies have been done to determine the standard of small animal dental care in Canada. A national mail survey was designed to document the prevalence of dental disease in small animal patients, the types of veterinary dental procedures being provided by practitioners, as well as home care recommendations and compliance for 1994. PMID:8746422

  11. Benefits of Aloe vera in dentistry.

    PubMed

    Mangaiyarkarasi, S P; Manigandan, T; Elumalai, M; Cholan, Priyanka K; Kaur, Roopam Pal

    2015-04-01

    Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis) is a plant that belongs to Liliaceae family. The name Aloe derives from the Arabic word "Alloeh" meaning shining bitter substance while "vera" in Latin means true. It contains various minerals and vitamins. It has got various properties such as immunomodulatory, antiviral and antiinflammatory in nature. A. vera can play a significant role in dentistry in treatment of lichen planus, oral submucous fibrosis, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, alveolar osteitis, periodontitis, etc. PMID:26015726

  12. Benefits of Aloe vera in dentistry

    PubMed Central

    Mangaiyarkarasi, S. P.; Manigandan, T.; Elumalai, M.; Cholan, Priyanka K.; Kaur, Roopam Pal

    2015-01-01

    Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis) is a plant that belongs to Liliaceae family. The name Aloe derives from the Arabic word “Alloeh” meaning shining bitter substance while “vera” in Latin means true. It contains various minerals and vitamins. It has got various properties such as immunomodulatory, antiviral and antiinflammatory in nature. A. vera can play a significant role in dentistry in treatment of lichen planus, oral submucous fibrosis, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, alveolar osteitis, periodontitis, etc. PMID:26015726

  13. YouTube, dentistry, and dental education.

    PubMed

    Knösel, Michael; Jung, Klaus; Bleckmann, Annalen

    2011-12-01

    The objective of this study was to systematically assess the informational value, intention, source, and bias of videos related to dentistry available on the video-sharing Internet platform YouTube. YouTube (www.youtube.com) was searched for videos related to dentistry, using the system-generated sorts "by relevance" and "most viewed" and two categories (All and Education). Each of the first thirty results was rated by two assessors filling out a questionnaire for each (total: 120). The data were subjected to statistical analysis using Cohen's kappa, Pearson's correlation coefficient tau, Mann-Whitney U-tests, and a nonparametric three-way ANOVA, including an analysis of the interaction between the sorting and category effect, with an ?-level of 5 percent. The scan produced 279,000 results in the category All and 5,050 in the category Education. The analysis revealed a wide variety of information about dentistry available on YouTube. The purpose of these videos includes entertainment, advertising, and education. The videos classified under Education have a higher degree of usefulness and informational value for laypersons, dental students, and dental professionals than those found in a broader search category. YouTube and similar social media websites offer new educational possibilities that are currently both underdeveloped and underestimated in terms of their potential value. Dentists and dental educators should also recognize the importance of these websites in shaping public opinion about their profession. PMID:22184594

  14. 76 FR 64952 - Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-19

    ...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care, Medicine and Dentistry . Dates...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry...

  15. College of Dentistry OSG Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

    E-print Network

    MacAdam, Keith

    College of Dentistry OSG Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery KEY: # = new course * = course changed IN SURGERY. (1) A seminar course for dental graduate students in areas other than surgery, emphasizing or post-doctoral programs of College of Dentistry; D.D.S. or D.M.D. degree. OSG 820 ORAL SURGERY I. (1

  16. Probiotics in dentistry: A boon or sham.

    PubMed

    Chopra, Rahul; Mathur, Shivani

    2013-05-01

    Probiotics are dietary supplements, which have been advocated for the prevention and the treatment of a wide range of diseases. These products consist of beneficial micro-organisms, which stimulate health promoting flora thus, suppressing the pathologic colonization and disease spread. Since, probiotics are now widely used in both medical (such as cancer risk reduction, gastrointestinal tract health, and urinary tract health) and dental specialties (reduction in caries development, in achieving periodontal health, reducing oral malodor, etc.), a thorough understanding of their risks and benefits are essential. This review focuses on the recent trends in use of probiotics in dentistry as well as the potential risks associated with them. PMID:24019796

  17. An introduction to minimum intervention dentistry.

    PubMed

    Mickenautsch, Steffen

    2005-12-01

    Minimum intervention dentistry (MI) can be defined as a philosophy of professional care concerned with the first occurrence, early detection, and earliest possible cure of disease on micro levels, followed by minimally invasive, patient-friendly treatment to repair irreversible damage caused by such disease. The benefit for patients from MI lies in better oral health through disease healing and not merely on symptom relief. Furthermore, minimally invasive treatment assists in reducing widespread patient dental anxieties. MI has the potential for dentists to apply a more conservative approach to caries treatment and simultaneously offer patients less invasive, health-oriented treatment options. PMID:16438261

  18. Minimal intervention dentistry (MI) for South Africa.

    PubMed

    Mickenautsch, S; Rudolph, M J

    2004-09-01

    The intention of Minimal Intervention Dentistry (MI) is to preserve as much tooth tissue as possible and to offer less threatening care to fearful patients. MI is based on a new understanding of cariology and the therapeutic value of biomimetic materials such as Glass lonomers. It has particular relevance to a new caries classification and employs treatment concepts such as selective caries removal and sealed restorations. The MI approach is appropriate for the vast majority of the population in South Africa; it addresses the public fear of dental treatment. It can be an effective private practice builder and is thus applicable to private and public services. PMID:15559915

  19. The changing face of dentistry: nanotechnology

    PubMed Central

    Kanaparthy, Rosaiah; Kanaparthy, Aruna

    2011-01-01

    The human body comprises molecules; hence, the availability of molecular nanotechnology will permit dramatic progress to address medical problems and will use molecular knowledge to maintain and improve human health at the molecular scale. Nanomedicine could develop devices that are able to work inside the human body in order to identify the early presence of a disease, and to identify and quantify toxic molecules and tumor cells, for example. Nanodentistry will make possible the maintenance of comprehensive oral health by employing nanomaterials, including tissue engineering and, ultimately, dental nanorobots. This review is an attempt to highlight the possible applications of nanotechnology and the use of nanomaterials in dentistry. PMID:22131826

  20. Forensic dentistry in a terrorist world.

    PubMed

    Glass, R Thomas

    2005-04-01

    While body identification by dental means has not changed substantially since 9/11, or even since the bombing of the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City in 1995, the conditions and potential risks of a bioterrorism action to the dental personnel is new. The purpose of this article is to review general forensic dentistry disaster responses and to address the impact a bioterrorism action might have on primary, secondary and tertiary dental responders. It will also examine the triage role that dental offices might play in the event of such a disaster. PMID:16013679

  1. Dependence of cosmic ray solar daily variation (1st, 2nd and 3rd) on heliomagnetic polarity reversals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagashima, K.; Tatsuoka, R.; Munakata, K.

    1986-05-01

    Using 696 station-years of neutron monitor data during the period of 1964-1983 as well as data from muon telescopes at surface and underground stations, a long term variation of cosmic ray solar daily variations (1st, 2nd and 3rd) has been analyzed to study its dependence on the heliomagnetic polarity reversals. It is found that the 1st, 2nd and 3rd harmonic variations show respective counter-clockwise phase shifts on the harmonic dial for the transition from the negative to the positive polarity state. The polarity state is defined as 'positive' ('negative') when the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) is away (toward) in the Northern Hemisphere and toward (away) in the Southern Hemisphere. It is demonstrated that these phase shifts cannot be explained by one-dimensional diffusion of the pitch angle distribution along the IMF-axis, such as the one presented by Bieber and Pomerantz (1983), but can be explained by three-dimensional treatment of the cosmic ray diffusion-convection in space, developed by Munakata and Nagashima (1986) in considering the drift effect in the heliosphere which was pointed out by Jokipii et al. (1977). According to the theory, the rigidity dependence of the observed phase shift of the 2nd harmonic variation suggests that the power exponent of the rigidity spectrum of the cosmic ray mean free path is less than unity, at least in a rigidity region of about one to several tens of GV.

  2. Biosmart materials: breaking new ground in dentistry.

    PubMed

    Badami, Vijetha; Ahuja, Bharat

    2014-01-01

    By definition and general agreement, smart materials are materials that have properties which may be altered in a controlled fashion by stimuli, such as stress, temperature, moisture, pH, and electric or magnetic fields. There are numerous types of smart materials, some of which are already common. Examples include piezoelectric materials, which produce a voltage when stress is applied or vice versa, shape memory alloys or shape memory polymers which are thermoresponsive, and pH sensitive polymers which swell or shrink as a response to change in pH. Thus, smart materials respond to stimuli by altering one or more of their properties. Smart behaviour occurs when a material can sense some stimulus from its environment and react to it in a useful, reliable, reproducible, and usually reversible manner. These properties have a beneficial application in various fields including dentistry. Shape memory alloys, zirconia, and smartseal are examples of materials exhibiting a smart behavior in dentistry. There is a strong trend in material science to develop and apply these intelligent materials. These materials would potentially allow new and groundbreaking dental therapies with a significantly enhanced clinical outcome of treatments. PMID:24672407

  3. Biosmart Materials: Breaking New Ground in Dentistry

    PubMed Central

    Badami, Vijetha; Ahuja, Bharat

    2014-01-01

    By definition and general agreement, smart materials are materials that have properties which may be altered in a controlled fashion by stimuli, such as stress, temperature, moisture, pH, and electric or magnetic fields. There are numerous types of smart materials, some of which are already common. Examples include piezoelectric materials, which produce a voltage when stress is applied or vice versa, shape memory alloys or shape memory polymers which are thermoresponsive, and pH sensitive polymers which swell or shrink as a response to change in pH. Thus, smart materials respond to stimuli by altering one or more of their properties. Smart behaviour occurs when a material can sense some stimulus from its environment and react to it in a useful, reliable, reproducible, and usually reversible manner. These properties have a beneficial application in various fields including dentistry. Shape memory alloys, zirconia, and smartseal are examples of materials exhibiting a smart behavior in dentistry. There is a strong trend in material science to develop and apply these intelligent materials. These materials would potentially allow new and groundbreaking dental therapies with a significantly enhanced clinical outcome of treatments. PMID:24672407

  4. Earth's Volcanoes and their Eruptions; the 3rd edition of the Smithsonian Institution's Volcanoes of the World

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Siebert, L.; Simkin, T.; Kimberly, P.

    2010-12-01

    The 3rd edition of the Smithsonian Institution’s Volcanoes of the World incorporates data on the world’s volcanoes and their eruptions compiled since 1968 by the Institution’s Global Volcanism Program (GVP). Published this Fall jointly by the Smithsonian and the University of California Press, it supplements data from the 1994 2nd edition and includes new data on the number of people living in proximity to volcanoes, the dominant rock lithologies at each volcano, Holocene caldera-forming eruptions, and preliminary lists of Pleistocene volcanoes and large-volume Pleistocene eruptions. The 3rd edition contains data on nearly 1550 volcanoes of known or possible Holocene age, including chronologies, characteristics, and magnitudes for >10,400 Holocene eruptions. The standard 20 eruptive characteristics of the IAVCEI volcano catalog series have been modified to include dated vertical edifice collapse events due to magma chamber evacuation following large-volume explosive eruptions or mafic lava effusion, and lateral sector collapse. Data from previous editions of Volcanoes of the World are also supplemented by listings of up to the 5 most dominant lithologies at each volcano, along with data on population living within 5, 10, 30, and 100 km radii of each volcano or volcanic field. Population data indicate that the most populated regions also contain the most frequently active volcanoes. Eruption data document lava and tephra volumes and Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) assignments for >7800 eruptions. Interpretation of VRF data has led to documentation of global eruption rates and the power law relationship between magnitude and frequency of volcanic eruptions. Data with volcanic hazards implications include those on fatalities and evacuations and the rate at which eruptions reach their climax. In recognition of the hazards implications of potential resumption of activity at pre-Holocene volcanoes, the 3rd edition includes very preliminary lists of Pleistocene volcanoes and large-volume Pleistocene eruptions, the latter in collaboration with the VOGRIPA project of Steve Sparks and colleagues. The GVP volcano and eruption data derive both from the retrospective perspective of the volcanological and other literature and documentation of contemporary eruptions and volcanic unrest in the Smithsonian’s monthly bulletin and Weekly Volcanic Activity Reports compiled since 2000 in collaboration with the USGS.

  5. Indoor air quality in a dentistry clinic.

    PubMed

    Helmis, C G; Tzoutzas, J; Flocas, H A; Halios, C H; Stathopoulou, O I; Assimakopoulos, V D; Panis, V; Apostolatou, M; Sgouros, G; Adam, E

    2007-05-15

    The purpose of this work is to assess, both experimentally and theoretically the status of air quality in a dentistry clinic of the Athens University Dentistry Faculty with respect to chemical pollutants and identify the indoor sources associated with dental activities. Total VOCs, CO(2), PM(10), PM(2.5), NO(x) and SO(2) were measured over a period of approximately three months in a selected dentistry clinic. High pollution levels during the operation hours regarding CO(2), total VOCs and Particulate Matter were found, while in the non-working periods lower levels were recorded. On the contrary, NO(x) and SO(2) remained at low levels for the whole experimental period. These conditions were associated with the number of occupants, the nature of the dental clinical procedures, the materials used and the ventilation schemes, which lead to high concentrations, far above the limits that are set by international organizations and concern human exposure. The indoor environmental conditions were investigated using the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model PHOENICS for inert gases simulation. The results revealed diagonal temperature stratification and low air velocities leading to pollution stratification, accompanied by accumulation of inert gaseous species in certain areas of the room. Different schemes of natural ventilation were also applied in order to examine their effect on the indoor comfort conditions for the occupants, in terms of air renewal and double cross ventilation was found to be most effective. The relative contribution of the indoor sources, which are mainly associated with indoor activities, was assessed by application of the Multi Chamber Indoor Air Quality Model (MIAQ) to the experimental data. It was found that deposition onto indoor surfaces is an important removal mechanism while a great amount of particulate matter emitted in the Clinic burdened severely the indoor air quality. The natural ventilation of the room seemed to reduce the levels of the fine particles. The emission rates for the fine and coarse particulates were found to be almost equal, while the coarse particles were found susceptible to deposition onto indoor surfaces. PMID:17434576

  6. TRINITY SECONDHAND BOOKSALE AUCTION CATALOGUE 2011 3rd draft 1. An Encyclopaedia of Forms and Precedents, ed. Arthur Underhill et al, vols 1-

    E-print Network

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    in Ireland by Dorothy Walker, foreword by Seamus Heaney, Dublin (Lilliput Press) 1997, 239 pp, 4to, fine copy inscription from the publisher, Colm O'Lochlainn, to "my shipmate John Kelly". Donor: R.P.A. Kelly 1 vol. 17

  7. Results of the independent verification of radiological remedial action at 281 East 3rd South Street, Monticello, Utah (MS00138)

    SciTech Connect

    Crutcher, J.W.; Wilson, M.J.

    1990-02-01

    In 1980 the site of a vanadium and uranium mill at Monticello, Utah, was accepted into the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Surplus Facilities Management Program, with the objectives of restoring the government-owned mill site to safe levels of radioactivity, disposing of or containing the tailings in an environmentally safe manner, and performing remedial actions on off-site (vicinity) properties that had been contaminated by radioactive material resulting from mill operations. During 1985, UNC Geotech, the remedial action contractor designated by DOE, performed remedial action on the vicinity property at 281 East 3rd South Street, Monticello, Utah. The Pollutant Assessments Group (PAG) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory was assigned the responsibility of verifying the data supporting the adequacy of remedial action and confirming the site's compliance with DOE guidelines. The PAG found that the site successfully meets the DOE remedial action objectives. Procedures used by PAG are described. 3 refs., 2 tabs.

  8. Results of the independent verification of radiological remedial action at 280 South 3rd East Street, Monticello, Utah (MS00099)

    SciTech Connect

    Crutcher, J.W.; Wilson, M.J.

    1990-02-01

    In 1980 the site of a vanadium and uranium mill at Monticello, Utah, was accepted into the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Surplus Facilities Management Program, with the objectives of restoring the government-owned mill site to safe levels of radioactivity, disposing of or containing the tailings in an environmentally safe manner, and performing remedial actions on off-site (vicinity) properties that had been contaminated by radioactive material resulting from mill operations. During 1985 and 1986, UNC Geotech, the remedial action contractor designated by DOE, performed remedial action on the vicinity property at 280 South 3rd East Street, Monticello, Utah. The Pollutant Assessments Group (PAG) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory was assigned the responsibility of verifying the data supporting the adequacy of remedial action and confirming the site's compliance with DOE guidelines. The PAG found that the site successfully meets the DOE remedial action objectives. Procedures used by PAG are described. 3 refs., 2 tabs.

  9. 3rd Tech DeltaSphere-3000 Laser 3D Scene Digitizer infrared laser scanner hazard analysis.

    SciTech Connect

    Augustoni, Arnold L.

    2005-02-01

    A laser hazard analysis and safety assessment was performed for the 3rd Tech model DeltaSphere-3000{reg_sign} Laser 3D Scene Digitizer, infrared laser scanner model based on the 2000 version of the American National Standard Institute's Standard Z136.1, for the Safe Use of Lasers. The portable scanner system is used in the Robotic Manufacturing Science and Engineering Laboratory (RMSEL). This scanning system had been proposed to be a demonstrator for a new application. The manufacture lists the Nominal Ocular Hazard Distance (NOHD) as less than 2 meters. It was necessary that SNL validate this NOHD prior to its use as a demonstrator involving the general public. A formal laser hazard analysis is presented for the typical mode of operation for the current configuration as well as a possible modified mode and alternative configuration.

  10. Use of 2nd and 3rd Level Correlation Analysis for Studying Degradation in Polycrystalline Thin-Film Solar Cells

    SciTech Connect

    Albin, D. S.; del Cueto, J. A.; Demtsu, S. H.; Bansal, S.

    2011-03-01

    The correlation of stress-induced changes in the performance of laboratory-made CdTe solar cells with various 2nd and 3rd level metrics is discussed. The overall behavior of aggregated data showing how cell efficiency changes as a function of open-circuit voltage (Voc), short-circuit current density (Jsc), and fill factor (FF) is explained using a two-diode, PSpice model in which degradation is simulated by systematically changing model parameters. FF shows the highest correlation with performance during stress, and is subsequently shown to be most affected by shunt resistance, recombination and in some cases voltage-dependent collection. Large decreases in Jsc as well as increasing rates of Voc degradation are related to voltage-dependent collection effects and catastrophic shunting respectively. Large decreases in Voc in the absence of catastrophic shunting are attributed to increased recombination. The relevance of capacitance-derived data correlated with both Voc and FF is discussed.

  11. Creating an evidence-based dentistry culture at Baylor College of Dentistry: the winds of change.

    PubMed

    Hinton, Robert J; Dechow, Paul C; Abdellatif, Hoda; Jones, Daniel L; McCann, Ann L; Schneiderman, Emet D; D'Souza, Rena

    2011-03-01

    In the early years of the new millennium, the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research of the National Institutes of Health began funding Oral Health Research Education Grants using the R25 mechanism to promote the application of basic and clinical research findings to clinical training and to encourage students to pursue careers in oral health research. This report describes the impact of an R25 grant awarded to the Texas A&M Health Science Center's Baylor College of Dentistry (BCD) on its curriculum and faculty development efforts. At BCD, the R25 grant supports a multipronged initiative that employs clinical research as a vehicle for acquainting both students and faculty with the tools of evidence-based dentistry (EBD). New coursework and experiences in all four years of the curriculum plus a variety of faculty development offerings are being used to achieve this goal. Progress on these fronts is reflected in a nascent EBD culture characterized by increasing participation and buy-in by students and faculty. The production of a new generation of dental graduates equipped with the EBD skill set as well as a growing nucleus of faculty members who can model the importance of evidence-based practice is of paramount importance for the future of dentistry. PMID:21368252

  12. Current applications of nanotechnology in dentistry: a review.

    PubMed

    Bhavikatti, Shaeesta Khaleelahmed; Bhardwaj, Smiti; Prabhuji, M L V

    2014-01-01

    With the increasing demand for advances in diagnosis and treatment modalities, nanotechnology is being considered as a groundbreaking and viable research subject. This technology, which deals with matter in nanodimensions, has widened our views of poorly understood health issues and provided novel means of diagnosis and treatment. Researchers in the field of dentistry have explored the potential of nanoparticles in existing therapeutic modalities with moderate success. The key implementations in the field of dentistry include local drug delivery agents, restorative materials, bone graft materials, and implant surface modifications. This review provides detailed insights about current developments in the field of dentistry, and discusses potential future uses of nanotechnology. PMID:24983175

  13. Nanotechnology and its Application in Dentistry

    PubMed Central

    Abiodun-Solanke, IMF; Ajayi, DM; Arigbede, AO

    2014-01-01

    Nanotechnology influences almost every facet of everyday life from security to medicine. The concept of nanotechnology is that when one goes down to the bottom of things, one can discover unlimited possibilities and potential of the basic particle. In nanotechnology, analysis can be made to the level of manipulating atoms, molecules and chemical bonds between them. The growing interest in the dental applications of nanotechnology is leading to the emergence of a new field called nanodentistry. An electronic database search that included PubMed, MedLine, and Cochrane library was conducted. Key words used in the search are nanotechnology dentistry and applications. Language limitation was set as articles reviewed were only those written and published in English language. We did not search the gray literature. Initially, 52 articles were retrieved from the database, and articles considered were those published from 2008 to 2013. Eight articles that met the selection criteria were eventually selected and reviewed. PMID:25364585

  14. Nanotechnology and its application in dentistry.

    PubMed

    Abiodun-Solanke, Imf; Ajayi, Dm; Arigbede, Ao

    2014-09-01

    Nanotechnology influences almost every facet of everyday life from security to medicine. The concept of nanotechnology is that when one goes down to the bottom of things, one can discover unlimited possibilities and potential of the basic particle. In nanotechnology, analysis can be made to the level of manipulating atoms, molecules and chemical bonds between them. The growing interest in the dental applications of nanotechnology is leading to the emergence of a new field called nanodentistry. An electronic database search that included PubMed, MedLine, and Cochrane library was conducted. Key words used in the search are nanotechnology dentistry and applications. Language limitation was set as articles reviewed were only those written and published in English language. We did not search the gray literature. Initially, 52 articles were retrieved from the database, and articles considered were those published from 2008 to 2013. Eight articles that met the selection criteria were eventually selected and reviewed. PMID:25364585

  15. [The fight over dentistry 1919-1924].

    PubMed

    Lindblom, C

    1997-01-01

    In the history of many professions there are periods of more or less pronounced borderline fights against other professions and/or charlatans. This article is about such an example from the profession of dentistry in Sweden. From the middle of the second decade of this century, there was an increasing discrepancy between the need for dental care and the too low number of dentists. Furthermore: the majority of the Swedish people could not afford dental care at all. In the public debate the concept "dental misery" was created. In 1919 a famous Swedish paediatric professor, Isak Jundell, presented a debate article in "Allmänna Svenska Läkartidningen" (Journal of the Swedish Medical Association), with a proposal for building up a corps of dental assistants with shorter training than dentists, but still with competence for tooth cleaning, extraction and some operative dentistry. The aim of the proposal was to give people easier available and cheaper dental care. The dental profession had been questioned and threatened and the reaction from the advocates of the dentists was immediate and intense. Now followed an almost five year long struggle, with the Swedish Dental Association on one side and parts of the medical profession, dental technicians, even some dentists and a number of politicians on the other. The controversy ended up in the Swedish Parliament in 1924 where many members in both the chambers had signed motions concerning authorisation of dental technicians. The dentists won the fight thanks to the resolution in the Parliament not to authorise the technicians. But still more important, from a social political point of view, was a statement from the Parliament with a commission to the Government to analyse the prerequisites for building up a Public Dental Health Service organisation in Sweden. After a series of committees this was finally a reality fourteen years later, in 1938, when the Parliament in a resolution initiated "folktandvĺrden". PMID:11625465

  16. Flavonoids - Clinical effects and applications in dentistry: A review.

    PubMed

    Sankari, S Leena; Babu, N Aravindha; Rani, Vidya; Priyadharsini, C; Masthan, K M K

    2014-07-01

    Flavonoids include a huge group of naturally occurring organic compounds. It is found in a large variety of plants including fruits, seeds, grains, tea vegetables, nuts, and wine. Many studies have shown that there is a strong association between flavonoid intake and the long-term effects on mortality. It is widely used in dentistry and it has many clinical effects. This article summarizes the effects of flavonoids to humankind and its clinical applications in dentistry. PMID:25210379

  17. Analysis of time-variant quadratic phase couplings in the tracé alternant EEG by recursive estimation of 3rd-order time-frequency distributions.

    PubMed

    Helbig, Marko; Schwab, Karin; Leistritz, Lutz; Eiselt, Michael; Witte, Herbert

    2006-10-15

    The quantification of transient quadratic phase couplings (QPC) by means of time-variant bispectral analysis is a useful approach to explain several interrelations between signal components. A generalized recursive estimation approach for 3rd-order time-frequency distributions (3rd-order TFD) is introduced. Based on 3rd-order TFD, time-variant estimations of biamplitude (BA), bicoherence (BC) and phase bicoherence (PBC) can be derived. Different smoothing windows and local moment functions for an optimization of the estimation properties are investigated and compared. The methods are applied to signal simulations and EEG signals, and it can be shown that the new time-variant bispectral analysis results in a reliable quantification of QPC in the tracé alternant EEG of healthy neonates. PMID:16737739

  18. INTRODUCTION 3RD EDITION

    E-print Network

    Alpaydýn, Ethem

    ;Nonparametric Estimation 3 Parametric (single global model), semiparametric (small number of local models is small and if they belong to different classes, distance is large Assume a parametric model and learn its parameters using data, e.g., #12;Learning a Distance Function 16 The three-way relationship

  19. INTRODUCTION 3RD EDITION

    E-print Network

    Alpaydýn, Ethem

    (Duda and Hart, 1973) xx xx |min|ifchoose || kkii k K k iki RR CPR 1 7 #12;Losses and Risks: 0/1 Loss ki ki ik if if 1 0 x x xx | | || i ik k K k kiki CP CP CPR 1 1 8 if if ,Ki ki ik xxx xx ||| || i ik ki K k kK CPCPR CPR 1 1 1 otherwisereject |and

  20. Headpower! 3rd Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biggs, Mary G.; And Others

    This is a library handbook used by freshman composition students at the University of Evansville (Indiana) as a required text. Though the first seven pages present information relevant only to Clifford Library--e.g., operating hours, floor plan, and circulation policy--the remainder provides more general bibliographical/instructional information.…

  1. DEMS 3rd Period

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms. Smith

    2009-02-15

    Today, you will practice solving fraction problems! First, be sure you have SCRATCH PAPER and a PENCIL to help solve each problem. You will need to solve FIVE problems on your paper. You MUST show your work! Be sure to reduce your fraction to the LOWEST terms. GOOD LUCK! CLICK HERE -->Add Those Fractions! Once you have practiced adding fractions, ...

  2. Construct validity of the Chinese version of the psycho-educational profile-3rd edition (CPEP-3).

    PubMed

    Shek, Daniel Tan Lei; Yu, Lu

    2014-11-01

    Objective behavioral assessment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in early childhood is essential for guiding appropriate treatment and intervention. In contrast to Western societies, validated measures of ASD are very limited in different Chinese contexts. The present study attempted to examine the construct validity of the Chinese version of Psycho-Educational Profile-3rd edition (CPEP-3). The CPEP-3 was administered to a sample of 455 children with ASD and a comparison group of 281 children without ASD. As predicted, older children scored significantly higher than younger children on different subtests of CPEP-3, and there was no gender difference within the autistic group. The construct validity of the CPEP-3 was further supported by the high internal consistency of each subtest as well as the moderate to large correlation coefficients among subtests. In line with the theoretical model, confirmatory factor analysis showed the three-factor model of the Performance test fitted well. In conjunction with the data reported previously, the present findings provided sound evidence for the construct validity of CPEP-3. PMID:24838124

  3. A Kinesthetic Learning Approach to Earth Science for 3rd and 4th Grade Students on the Pajarito Plateau, Los Alamos, NM

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. N. Wershow; M. Green; A. Stocker; D. Staires

    2010-01-01

    Current efforts towards Earth Science literacy in New Mexico are guided by the New Mexico Science Benchmarks [1]. We are geoscience professionals in Los Alamos, NM who believe there is an important role for non-traditional educators utilizing innovative teaching methods. We propose to further Earth Science literacy for local 3rd and 4th grade students using a kinesthetic learning approach, with

  4. 1st year Requirements 2nd year requirements 3rd year requirements 4th year requirements Course Grade Credits Course Grade Credits Course Grade Credits Course Grade Credits

    E-print Network

    Dyer, Bill

    Name: GID: Catalog: 1st year Requirements 2nd year requirements 3rd year requirements 4th year requirements Course Grade Credits Course Grade Credits Course Grade Credits Course Grade Credits ARCH 121IA Requirements Non ARCH Requirements Non ARCH Requirements Non ARCH Requirements Category Course Grade Credits

  5. 3rd ACM SIGPLAN Workshop on Rule-Based Programming (submitted); October 5, 2002 manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor)

    E-print Network

    Menzies, Tim

    intelligence came from early suc- cesses with rule-based production systems. Such systems were rule-based3rd ACM SIGPLAN Workshop on Rule-Based Programming (submitted); October 5, 2002 manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor) Some Prolog Macros for Rule-Based Programming: Why? How? Tim Menzies

  6. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Air Pollution from Agricultural Operations Research Triangle Park, NC October 12-15, 2003

    E-print Network

    Kentucky, University of

    Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Air Pollution from Agricultural Operations INTRODUCTION Livestock confinement buildings are sources of atmospheric pollutants, such as ammonia (NH3. Among the air contaminants produced in poultry buildings, NH3 has been recognized as a major aerial

  7. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Air Pollution from Agricultural Operations Research Triangle Park, NC October 12-15, 2003

    E-print Network

    Kentucky, University of

    Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Air Pollution from Agricultural Operations between the two measurement methods (P=0.33). KEYWORDS - Animal Feeding Operations (AFOs), Air quality INTRODUCTION Ammonia (NH3) is the primary aerial pollutant in poultry production houses, resulting from

  8. 3rd USA/Europe Air Traffic Management R&D Seminar Napoli 13-16 June 2000 BUILDING AND EVALUATING A MINIMAL REGULATION SCHEME

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    related to air traffic management in order to support French and Euro- pean Air Traffic Control (ATC3rd USA/Europe Air Traffic Management R&D Seminar Napoli 13-16 June 2000 BUILDING AND EVALUATING and sim- ulators for airspace and air traffic flow managers (ASM & ATFM respectively). SHAMAN is one

  9. A 3rd-order Continuous-Time Low-Pass Sigma-Delta Analog-to-Digital Converter for Wideband Applications 

    E-print Network

    Kim, Kun Mo

    2011-08-08

    This thesis presents the design of a 20 MHz bandwidth 3rd-order continuous-time low-pass sigma-delta analog-to-digital converter with low-noise and low-power consumption using TSMC 0.18 ?m CMOS technology. The bandwidth of the system is selected...

  10. A 3rd-order Continuous-Time Low-Pass Sigma-Delta Analog-to-Digital Converter for Wideband Applications

    E-print Network

    Kim, Kun Mo

    2011-08-08

    This thesis presents the design of a 20 MHz bandwidth 3rd-order continuous-time low-pass sigma-delta analog-to-digital converter with low-noise and low-power consumption using TSMC 0.18 ?m CMOS technology. The bandwidth of the system is selected...

  11. Q550 Sports Bursary Application 2014-15 Year: 1st / 2nd / 3rd / 4th / postgraduate (delete as applicable)

    E-print Network

    Sengun, Mehmet Haluk

    Q550 Sports Bursary Application 2014-15 Name: Year: 1st / 2nd / 3rd / 4th / postgraduate (delete as applicable) Sport: Notes: 1. Q550 Sports Bursaries are available to members of College who participate in sport at a University level or a National level in a recognised blues or half-blues sport. 2. Q550

  12. What Does the Cognitive Assessment System (CAS) Measure? Joint Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the CAS and the Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive Ability (3rd Edition).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keith, Timothy Z.; Kranzler, John H.; Flanagan, Dawn P.

    2001-01-01

    Reports the results of the first joint confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of the Cognitive Assessment System (CAS) and the Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive Abilities-3rd Edition (WJ III). Results of these analyses do not support the construct validity of the CAS as a measure of the PASS (planning, attention, simultaneous, and sequential)…

  13. "Elderly Deafblindness." Proceedings of the European Conference of Deafblind International's Acquired Deafblindness Network (3rd, Marcelli di Numana, Italy, October 2-7, 1998).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deafblind International, London (England).

    This text includes all of the plenary presentations from the 3rd European Conference of Deafblind International's Acquired Deafblindness Network. This international conference was the first to focus specifically on older people with dual sensory impairment. Presentations addressed the awareness of the needs of older people with deafblind or dual…

  14. The Relationship between Perceived and Ideal Body Size and Body Mass Index in 3rd-Grade Low Socioeconomic Hispanic Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Allison; Lange, Mary Anne; Young-Cureton, Virginia; Canham, Daryl

    2005-01-01

    Very little is known about body satisfaction among minority children. This study examined the relationship between perceived and actual body size and Body Mass Index among 43 low-socioeconomic Hispanic 3rd-graders. Researchers measured participants' Body Mass Index; students self-reported Perceived Ideal Self Image and Perceived Actual Self Image…

  15. The 3rd International Workshop on Next Generation Climate Models for Advanced High Performance Computing Facilities, March 28-30, 2001, Tokyo, Japan

    E-print Network

    Baumann, Peter

    The 3rd International Workshop on Next Generation Climate Models for Advanced High Performance Computing Facilities, March 28-30, 2001, Tokyo, Japan Overcoming the Data Delivery Bottleneck-known bottlenecks identified in climate research are the high I/O requirements of some scientific codes; other

  16. ICSE Workshop on Green and Sustainable Software Engineering, Zurich, Switzerland, 3rd June 2012 An Energy Consumption Model and Analysis Tool for Cloud Computing

    E-print Network

    Schneider, Jean-Guy

    In 1st ICSE Workshop on Green and Sustainable Software Engineering, Zurich, Switzerland, 3rd June 2012 An Energy Consumption Model and Analysis Tool for Cloud Computing Environments FeiFei Chen, Jean}@swin.edu.au Abstract--Cloud computing delivers computing as a utility to users worldwide. A consequence of this model

  17. 3rd Work. for Young Researchers on Human-Friendly Robotics, Oct. 2010, Tubingen, Germany Towards Bilateral Teleoperation of Multi-Robot Systems

    E-print Network

    3rd Work. for Young Researchers on Human-Friendly Robotics, Oct. 2010, T¨ubingen, Germany Towards guaranteed. The haptic cues fed back to the operator reflect the motion status of the multi- robot team-experiments. I. INTRODUCTION Human-robot interaction is a very active research area which spans a big variety

  18. Errors, 3rd printing Page 3, Fig 1.2 has an error in the stratigraphic key: "Tertiary" should be "Triassic".

    E-print Network

    Fossen, Haakon

    Errors, 3rd printing ·Page 3, Fig 1.2 has an error in the stratigraphic key: "Tertiary" should between the stress vector and THE NORMAL TO the surface in question" ·Page 75, caption to Fig. 4.6: 2nd silicates with increasing pressure, the effect is pressure dependent." ·Page 114 Fig 6.17:" 4" and "5" have

  19. Body mass index trajectories and predictors among 3rd to 12th graders using growth curve mixture modeling the Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health (CATCH) study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hao T Duong

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation examined body mass index (BMI) growth trajectories and the effects of gender, ethnicity, dietary intake, and physical activity (PA) on BMI growth trajectories among 3rd to 12th graders (9-18 years of age). Growth curve model analysis was performed using data from The Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health (CATCH) study. The study population included 2909 students who

  20. The Effect of Formal Teacher Education on Reading Achievement of 3rd-Grade Students in Public and Independent Schools in Sweden

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myrberg, Eva

    2007-01-01

    This study investigates the influence of teacher competence on 3rd-grade students' reading achievement in public and independent schools in Sweden. The data come from the Swedish participation in PIRLS 2001 (Progress in Reading Literacy Study 2001) and comprise some 10,000 students. Students in independent schools achieved better on the reading…

  1. Electrocradiographic Qrs Axis, Q Wave and T-wave Changes in 2nd and 3rd Trimester of Normal Pregnancy

    PubMed Central

    S., Chandrasekharappa; Brid, S.V

    2014-01-01

    Background: Pregnancy although a physiological phenomena affects all the functions of the maternal body and brings about remarkable changes in the cardiovascular system. The cardiovascular changes and many of the physiological adaptations of normal pregnancy alter the physical findings thus, sometimes misleading the diagnosis of heart disease. Pregnancy also brings about various changes in the electrocardiogram, further confusing with that of heart disease. This study is undertaken to highlight the effect of normal pregnancy on the QRS axis, Q wave and T-wave of the Electrocardiogram and thereby helps us to distinguish it from that of pathological changes. Objectives: To study the effect of normal pregnancy on the QRS axis, Q wave and T-wave in the electrocardiogram and to compare with that of normal non pregnant women. Materials and Methods: Fifty normal pregnant women in 2nd and 3rd trimester each between 20– 35 y of age and 50 normal non pregnant women of the same age group were selected for the study. A 12 lead ECG was recorded by using ECG machine with special emphasis on QRS axis, Q wave and T-wave changes and all the parameters were analysed. Results: The ECG changes observed in our study include, deviation of QRS axis towards left as pregnancy advanced, significant increased incidence of occurrence of prominent Q waves in lead II, III and avF in pregnant group (p < 0.05 ) and, T-wave abnormalities like flat and inverted T-waves in lead III, V1 – V3 were more frequent in pregnant group ( p<0.05 ) than in non pregnant group. Conclusion:Normal pregnancy brings about various changes in ECG. These changes during pregnancy should be interpretated with caution by the physicians. It is necessary to understand the normal physiological changes which in turn help us in better management of those with cardiac disease. PMID:25386425

  2. 77 FR 36550 - Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-19

    ...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care, Medicine and Dentistry (ACTPCMD...inter-professional education of primary care providers. Some meeting time...

  3. 78 FR 48440 - Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry (ACTPCMD...of integrating oral health into primary care and on health literacy. The...

  4. 76 FR 30951 - Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-27

    ...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry (ACTPCMD...finalize its ninth report on the primary care pipeline. Reports are...

  5. 75 FR 64318 - Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-19

    ...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care, Medicine and Dentistry (ACTPCMD...work on its ninth report about the primary care pipeline. Reports are...

  6. 75 FR 69686 - Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-15

    ...Services Administration Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry AGENCY: Health Resources and...cancellation of the Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry, November 15, 2010,...

  7. 77 FR 64116 - Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-18

    ...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry (ACTPCMD...inter-professional education of primary care providers. The Committee...

  8. 78 FR 26053 - Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-03

    ...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry (ACTPCMD...interprofessional education of primary care providers. The Committee...

  9. Test battery for metal allergy in dentistry.

    PubMed

    van Loon, L A; van Elsas, P W; van Joost, T; Davidson, C L

    1986-03-01

    Some alloys used in restorative dentistry may evoke an allergic contact stomatitis in certain persons. In order to protect patients from materials with undesired reactions, and considering corrosion characteristics of different alloys used, it is useful to devise an adequate patch test battery to include the most relevant metals. Dental alloys are composed of a combination of various metals. 12 different ions of frequent occurrence (Au3+, Pd2+, Zn2+, Mo6+, Sn2+, Ga3+, In3+, Co2+, Cr3+(6+), Ni2+, Fe2+(3+) and Si4+) were epicutaneously tested as the aqueous solution of the respective salt. The concentrations are given in g/100 ml and also in m.mole/l. The 12 different metal ion solutions were patch tested on patients in 3 groups: one group with a positive history of contact stomatitis (30 patients, group 1), one group with a positive history of contact dermatitis (16 patients, group 2), and a control group (17 persons, group 3). In contrast to the control group, a remarkable high percentage (11%) of positive skin reactions to Pd was found in groups 1 and 2. No allergic or irritant skin reactions were detected to Ga, Sn and Zn. No irritant reaction was observed at pH values as low as 1.5. In the case of SiCl4 (pH = 0.5), 41% positive irritant reactions were evoked. In the group with a positive history of contact dermatitis (group 1), a positive reaction was found more often (69%) than in the group with a positive history of contact stomatitis (30%) (group 2). The difference between these groups was mainly caused by reactions to Ni and Pd.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:3709161

  10. Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) in dentistry- A review

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Aditi; Ladda, Ruchi; Kathariya, Mitesh; Saluja, Harish; Farooqui, Anjum-Ara

    2014-01-01

    Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) is a non-pharmacological method which is widely used by medical and paramedical professionals for the management of acute and chronic pain in a variety of conditions. Similarly, it can be utilized for the management of pain during various dental procedures as well as pain due to various conditions affecting maxillofacial region. This review aims to provide an insight into clinical research evidence available for the analgesic and non analgesic uses of TENS in pediatric as well as adult patients related to the field of dentistry. Also, an attempt is made to briefly discuss history of therapeutic electricity, mechanism of action of TENS, components of TENs equipment, types, techniques of administration, advantages and contradictions of TENS. With this we hope to raise awareness among dental fraternity regarding its dental applications thereby increasing its use in dentistry. Key words:Dentistry, pain, TENS. PMID:25674327

  11. University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry Summer Scholars Program 2011

    E-print Network

    Goldman, Steven A.

    University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry Summer Scholars Program 2011 Travis Briggs Allegheny College #12;University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry Summer Scholars of Connecticut #12;University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry Summer Scholars Program 2011 Sarah

  12. The Role of Virtual Articulator in Prosthetic and Restorative Dentistry

    PubMed Central

    Aljanakh, Mohammad

    2014-01-01

    Virtual reality is a computer based technology linked with the future of dentistry and dental practice. The virtual articulator is one such application in prosthetic and restorative dentistry based on virtual reality that will significantly reduce the limitations of the mechanical articulator, and by simulation of real patient data, allow analyses with regard to static and dynamic occlusion as well as to jaw relation. It is the purpose of this article to present the concepts and strategies for a future replacement of the mechanical articulator by a virtual one. Also, a brief note on virtual reality haptic system has been highlighted along with newly developed touch enabled virtual articulator. PMID:25177664

  13. PREFACE: 3rd International Conference on Science & Engineering in Mathematics, Chemistry and Physics 2015 (ScieTech 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaol, F. L.

    2015-06-01

    The 3rd International Conference on Science & Engineering in Mathematics, Chemistry and Physics 2015 (ScieTech 2015), was held at The Westin Resort Nusa Dua, Bali on 31 January - 1 February 2015. The ScieTech 2015 conference is aimed to bring together researchers, engineers and scientists from around the world. ScieTech 2015 is placed on promoting interaction between the theoretical, experimental, and applied communities, so that a high level exchange is achieved in new and emerging areas within mathematics, chemistry and physics. As we already know that science and technology have brought tremendous benefits for human civilization. People are becoming healthier, wealthier, better educated, more peaceful, increasingly connected, and living longer. Of course, science and technology provide many answers to global challenges, but we will face more complex problems in the next decade due to increasing world population, limitation of energy, and climate change. Therefore, researchers should be more active in conducting research that enables collaboration between one and the others. Interdisciplinary cooperation is absolutely necessary in order to create a smart system for solving the global problems. We need a global and general long-term view of the future with long-range goals for solving complex problems in next decade. Therefore the conference was held to be a forum for researchers from different disciplines to start collaborating and conducting research that provides a solution to the global issues. The theme of ScieTech 2015 was ''The interdisciplinary Application between Mathematics, Chemistry and Physics to enhance the Quality of Life''. We would like to express our sincere gratitude to all in the Technical Program Committee who have reviewed the papers and developed a very interesting conference program as well as the invited and plenary speakers. This year, we received 197 papers and after rigorous review, 59 papers were accepted. The participants came from 19 countries, and there were six paralell sessions and four keynote speakers. It is an honour to present this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series (JPCS) and we deeply thank the authors for their enthusiastic and high-grade contributions. Finally, we would like to thank the conference chairmen, members of the steering committee, the organizing committee, the organizing secretariat and the financial support from the conference sponsors that allowed the success of ScieTech 2015.

  14. [Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS)].

    PubMed

    Shimizu, Tetsuo

    2015-06-01

    Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is rather common in the elderly, however, it does not mean that EDS is physiological in that population. EDS may be caused by sleep related breathing disorder (SRBD), which is very popular among elderly people. Also EDS of narcolepsy is a life-long symptom. Recently, many reports come out indicating that EDS would be a predictor of future cognitive decline. One report shows that patients with preclinical Alzheimer disease have significantly higher number of naps per week than controls. EDs may be a harbinger of Alzheimer disease. PMID:26065123

  15. The use of 2nd and 3rd level correlation analysis for studying degradation in polycrystalline thin-film solar cells

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. S. Albin; J. A. del Cueto; S. H. Demtsu; S. Bansal

    2010-01-01

    The correlation of stress-induced changes in the performance of laboratory-made CdTe solar cells with various 2nd and 3rd level metrics is discussed. The overall behavior of aggregated data showing how cell efficiency changes as a function of open-circuit voltage (Voc), short-circuit current density (Jsc), and fill factor (FF) is explained using a two-diode, PSpice model in which degradation is simulated

  16. The Blossoming of IC Design and Business in Asia, 3rd Asian Solid-State Circuits Conference, 12–14 November, 2007, Jeju, Korea

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicky Lu

    2007-01-01

    3rd Asian Solid-State Circuits Conference, November 12-14, 2007, Jeju, Korea This year's TPC, a balanced mix of experts from industry and academia, received 345 submissions and selected 111 for presentation. Four distinguished IC leaders will pesent plenary papers: Dr. Heegook Lee (LG Electronics Inc., Korea), Dr. Satoru Ito (Renesas Technology, Japan), Dr. Jackson Hu (UMC, Taiwan), and Willy Sansen (K.

  17. Y.M. Teo, Y. Chen and X.B. Wang, On Grid Programming and MATLAB*G, Proceedings of 3rd International Conference

    E-print Network

    Teo, Yong-Meng

    and implementation of MATLAB*G, a grid-enabled MATLAB using AOPT. The performance results indicate that for largeY.M. Teo, Y. Chen and X.B. Wang, On Grid Programming and MATLAB*G, Proceedings of 3rd International, Wuhan, China, October 2004 (submitted). On Grid Programming and MATLAB*G Y. M. Teo1,2 , Y. Chen2 and X

  18. Automatization of compression point 1dB (CP1dB) and input 3rd order intercept point (IIP3) measurements using lab VIEW platform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. V. Balashov; D. Pasquet; A. S. Korotkov; E. Bourdel; F. Giannini

    2005-01-01

    Compression point 1dB (CP1dB) and input 3rd order intercept point (IIP3) are useful parameters to characterize the nonlinear property of RF devices. Automatization methods of CP1dB and IIP3 calculation have been developed and have been realized using LabVlEW software platform. The proposed CP1dB calculation method is based on cubic spline interpolation of a dynamic characteristic of the device under test

  19. GRADING Effective September 1980 Dentistry Graduate Under-Grade Numerical

    E-print Network

    Barthelat, Francois

    , Dentistry prior to 1987) is available at www.mcgill.ca/student-records. Grade Point Average (GPA) All credits attempted are used in the calculation of the Grade Point Average, including courses with a grade When reported, the Class Grade Point Average (converted to the most representative letter grade

  20. Multidisciplinary Approaches in Implant Dentistry,October 3-5

    E-print Network

    Datta, Sandeep Robert

    ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Multidisciplinary Approaches in Implant Dentistry,October 3-5 Harvard School of Dental Medicine, 188 Longwood Avenue:00! Registration/Breakfast ! Welcoming Introduction Dr. David M. Kim "The Short and Skinny on Dental Implants" Dr;! ! ! ! ! ! Course Introduction The introduction of endosseous dental implants in 1969 by Per-Ingvar Brĺnemark

  1. Forensic dentistry in human identification: A review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Ata-Ali, Javier; Ata-Ali, Fadi

    2014-04-01

    An update is provided of the literature on the role of odontology in human identification, based on a PubMed-Medline search of the last 5 years and using the terms: "forensic dentistry" (n = 464 articles), "forensic odontology" (n = 141 articles) and "forensic dentistry identification" (n = 169 articles). Apart from these initial 774 articles, others considered to be important and which were generated by a manual search and cited as references in review articles were also included. Forensic dentistry requires interdisciplinary knowledge, since the data obtained from the oral cavity can contribute to identify an individual or provide information needed in a legal process. Furthermore, the data obtained from the oral cavity can narrow the search range of an individual and play a key role in the victim identification process following mass disasters or catastrophes. This literature search covering the last 5 years describes the novelties referred to buccodental studies in comparative identification, buccodental evaluation in reconstructive identification, human bites as a method for identifying the aggressor, and the role of DNA in dental identification. The oral cavity is a rich and noninvasive source of DNA, and can be used to solve problems of a social, economic or legal nature. Key words:Forensic identification, DNA, forensic dentistry, rugoscopy, cheiloscopy, saliva. PMID:24790717

  2. Excimer laser applications in angioplasty, urology, and dentistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pini, Roberto; Salimbeni, Renzo; Vannini, Matteo; Guasti, A.; Viligiardi, Riccardo; Benaim, George; Barone, R.

    1990-06-01

    The possibility to induce ablative decomposition with minimal thermal damage on organic tissues by excimer laser suggested promising medical applications of this class of lasers. Excimer laser angioplasty, which represents one of the most advanced surgical laser technique, is at present pursued by some groups at a clinical level. Original research programs in urology and dentistry, developed by our group, are also presented.

  3. Attitudes of Operative Dentistry Faculty toward Rubber Dam Isolation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brackett, William W.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Dental faculty responses (N=332) to a survey concerning use of rubber dams for excluding fluids from the working field in operative dentistry procedures indicated students receive adequate instruction in rubber dam use and are proficient at graduation, though motivating students to its use is problematic and patient resistance a factor. (MSE)

  4. The University of Western Ontario Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry

    E-print Network

    Lennard, William N.

    The University of Western Ontario Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry CONDITIONS OF APPOINTMENT) (updated 2002) Approved by Senate March 19, 1999 Approved by the Board of Governors March 25, 1999 Updates approved by Senate April 19, 2002 Updates approved by the Board of Governors May 9, 2002 #12;TABLE

  5. Emergency Medicine in Pediatric Dentistry: Preparation and Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stanley F. Malamed

    Medical emergencies can and do occur in the practice of dentistry. Although most emergencies take place in adults, serious problems can also develop in younger patients. The contemporary dentist must be prepared to manage expedi- tiously and effectively those few problems that do arise. Basic life support (as necessary) is all that is required to manage many emergency situations, with

  6. Mental Health Services in a School of Dentistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, James C.

    This paper presents a rationale for and description of psychological services in the areas of consultation and education for university dental students at the University of Mississippi School of Dentistry. The paper notes several factors pointing to the need for such services: first, while dental professionals and students are disinclined to seek…

  7. CDM looks forward to molecular-based dentistry,

    E-print Network

    Grishok, Alla

    CDM looks forward to molecular-based dentistry, adding craniofacial tissue engineering to the scope 10 Insights intoTemporomandibular Joint Disorder 13 BisphosphonateTherapy and Osteonecrosis was Professor Emeritus of Anatomy and Cell Biology, and Oral Biology, at Columbia University, and from 1968

  8. Bio-Smart Dentistry: Stepping into the Future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pawan Gautam; Ashima Valiathan

    Today the most promising technologies for lifetime efficiency and improved reliability include the use of smart materials and structures. Biomedical applications of smart materials involve their use delivery of therapeutics, tissue engineering, cell culture, bioseparations, biomimetic actuators, immobilized biocatalysts, drug delivery and thermoresponsive surfaces. The use of biocompatible smart materials has revolutionized many areas of dentistry. Some of the smart

  9. Advanced functional polymers for regenerative and therapeutic dentistry.

    PubMed

    Lai, W-F; Oka, K; Jung, H-S

    2015-07-01

    Use of ceramics and polymers continues to dominate clinical procedures in modern dentistry. Polymers have provided the basis for adhesives, tissue void fillers, and artificial replacements for whole teeth. They have been remarkably effective in the clinic at restoration of major dental functions after damage or loss of teeth. With the rapid development of polymer science, dental materials science has significantly lagged behind in harnessing these advanced polymer products. What they offer is new and unique properties superior to traditional polymers and crucially a range of properties that more closely match natural biomaterials. Therefore, we should pursue more vigorously the benefits of advanced polymers in dentistry. In this review, we highlight how the latest generation of advanced polymers will enhance the application of materials in the dental clinic using numerous promising examples. Polymers have a broad range of applications in modern dentistry. Some major applications are to construct frameworks that mimic the precise structure of tissues, to restore tooth organ function, and to deliver bioactive agents to influence cell behavior from the inside. The future of polymers in dentistry must include all these new enhancements to increase biological and clinical effectiveness beyond what can be achieved with traditional biomaterials. PMID:25098817

  10. LOUISIANA STATE UNIVERSITY HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER SCHOOL OF DENTISTRY

    E-print Network

    LOUISIANA STATE UNIVERSITY HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER SCHOOL OF DENTISTRY CLINIC POLICY MANUAL Revised Laboratory Services Section 8. Gold and Other Precious Metal Issues Section 9. Night, Weekend, and Holiday 27. Protocol on Possible Foreign Body Aspiration #12;Section 1 Louisiana State University Health

  11. A Profile of Organizational Characteristics of Colleges of Dentistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nash, David A.

    1985-01-01

    The organizational characteristics of colleges of dentistry as perceived by their deans, associate deans, and department chairs were investigated. Likert's Profile of Organizational Characteristics was used to describe the administrative structures of the colleges on a continuum from exploitive/authoritative through benevolent/authoritive and…

  12. Discover Dentistry: encouraging wider participation in dentistry using a massive open online course (MOOC).

    PubMed

    Stokes, C W; Towers, A C; Jinks, P V; Symington, A

    2015-07-24

    This paper describes how a relatively new style of online learning, a massive open online course (MOOC), may be used to raise aspirations and widen participation in dental professions. A MOOC was designed and run with the aim of engaging prospective students of dental professions in learning and discussion. Over 4,200 learners signed up, and 450 students fully completed this first run of the course. The course attracted a significantly younger demographic than is typical for MOOCs, and nearly a third who responded to the pre-course survey reported they were doing the course specifically as preparation for a dental degree. The approach also provided a platform for public engagement on the subject of dentistry with participants, both dental professionals and members of the public, contributing to discussion around the learning materials from around the world, providing a unique, internationalised perspective of oral healthcare for learners. This study shows that there is genuine potential for MOOCs to involve people from disadvantaged backgrounds in higher education by offering free, accessible, enjoyable and engaging educational experiences. The data gives us cautious optimism that these courses can play a significant role within a platform of other WP interventions. PMID:26205936

  13. Welcome to the University of Tennessee Health Science CenterWelcome to the University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of DentistryCollege of Dentistry

    E-print Network

    Cui, Yan

    Welcome to the University of Tennessee Health Science CenterWelcome to the University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of DentistryCollege of Dentistry AxiUm Training: Staff, Scheduling (D3/D5) and Chart Locks is the complete clinic management system to over 27 dental institutions in North America

  14. Azadirachta indica: A herbal panacea in dentistry - An update.

    PubMed

    Lakshmi, T; Krishnan, Vidya; Rajendran, R; Madhusudhanan, N

    2015-01-01

    Azadirachta indica commonly known as Neem, is an evergreen tree. Since time immemorial it has been used by Indian people for treatment of various diseases due to its medicinal properties. It possesses anti-bacterial, anti-cariogenic, anti-helminthic, anti-diabetic, anti-oxidant, astringent, anti-viral, cytotoxic, and anti-inflammatory activity. Nimbidin, Azadirachtin and nimbinin are active compounds present in Neem which are responsible for antibacterial activity. Neem bark is used as an active ingredient in a number of toothpastes and toothpowders. Neem bark has anti-bacterial properties, it is quite useful in dentistry for curing gingival problems and maintaining oral health in a natural way. Neem twigs are used as oral deodorant, toothache reliever and for cleaning of teeth. The objective of this article is to focus on the various aspects of Azadirachta indica in dentistry in order to provide a tool for future research. PMID:26009692

  15. Azadirachta indica: A herbal panacea in dentistry – An update

    PubMed Central

    Lakshmi, T.; Krishnan, Vidya; Rajendran, R; Madhusudhanan, N.

    2015-01-01

    Azadirachta indica commonly known as Neem, is an evergreen tree. Since time immemorial it has been used by Indian people for treatment of various diseases due to its medicinal properties. It possesses anti-bacterial, anti-cariogenic, anti-helminthic, anti-diabetic, anti-oxidant, astringent, anti-viral, cytotoxic, and anti-inflammatory activity. Nimbidin, Azadirachtin and nimbinin are active compounds present in Neem which are responsible for antibacterial activity. Neem bark is used as an active ingredient in a number of toothpastes and toothpowders. Neem bark has anti-bacterial properties, it is quite useful in dentistry for curing gingival problems and maintaining oral health in a natural way. Neem twigs are used as oral deodorant, toothache reliever and for cleaning of teeth. The objective of this article is to focus on the various aspects of Azadirachta indica in dentistry in order to provide a tool for future research. PMID:26009692

  16. The role of remineralizing agents in dentistry: a review.

    PubMed

    Rao, Arathi; Malhotra, Neeraj

    2011-01-01

    Minimal intervention is a key phrase in today's dental practice. Minimal intervention dentistry (MID) focuses on the least invasive treatment options possible in order to minimize tissue loss and patient discomfort. Concentrating mainly on prevention and early intervention of caries, MID's first basic principle is the remineralization of early carious lesions, advocating a biological or therapeutic approach rather than the traditional surgical approach for early surface lesions. One of the key elements of a biological approach is the usage and application of remineralizing agents to tooth structure (enamel and dentin lesions). These agents are part of a new era of dentistry aimed at controlling the demineralization/ remineralization cycle, depending upon the microenvironment around the tooth. This article details the various agents that enhance and/or promote remineralization and discusses their clinical implications. PMID:21894873

  17. Finite-element modeling and analysis in nanomedicine and dentistry.

    PubMed

    Choi, Andy H; Conway, Richard C; Ben-Nissan, Besim

    2014-08-01

    This article aims to provide a brief background to the current applications of finite-element analysis (FEA) in nanomedicine and dentistry. FEA was introduced in orthopedic biomechanics in the 1970s in order to assess the stresses and deformation in human bones during functional loadings and in the design and analysis of implants. Since then, it has been applied with great frequency in orthopedics and dentistry in order to analyze issues such as implant design, bone remodeling and fracture healing, the mechanical properties of biomedical coatings on implants and the interactions at the bone-implant interface. More recently, FEA has been used in nanomedicine to study the mechanics of a single cell and to gain fundamental insights into how the particulate nature of blood influences nanoparticle delivery. PMID:25321169

  18. Er:YAG and adhesion in conservative dentistry : clinical overview

    PubMed Central

    Fornaini, Carlo

    2013-01-01

    The notion of utilizing laser technology in conservative dentistry was proposed in 1990 by Hibst and Keller, who introduced the possibility of using an Er:YAG laser as alternative to conventional instruments such as the turbine and micro-motor. In subsequent years a continuing effort has been made by clinicians, researchers and commercial companies to improve the technology. The aim of this clinical study is to demonstrate, by the description of different clinical cases, the possibilities and the advantages of using Er:YAG lasers in conservative dentistry and to show that better results may be achieved in terms of stronger adhesion, less invasiveness, reduced pain as well as greater comfort and satisfaction of patients. PMID:24155547

  19. Highly efficient source for frequency-entangled photon pairs generated in a 3rd order periodically poled MgO-doped stoichiometric LiTaO3 crystal

    E-print Network

    Kim, Heonoh; Lee, Sang Min; Moon, Han Seb

    2015-01-01

    We present a highly efficient source for discrete frequency-entangled photon pairs based on spontaneous parametric down-conversion using 3rd order type-0 quasi-phase matching in a periodically poled MgO-doped stoichiometric LiTaO3 crystal pumped by a 355.66 nm laser. Correlated two-photon states were generated with automatic conservation of energy and momentum in two given spatial modes. These states have a wide spectral range, even under small variations in crystal temperature, which consequently results in higher discreteness. Frequency entanglement was confirmed by measuring two-photon quantum interference fringes without any spectral filtering.

  20. Highly efficient source for frequency-entangled photon pairs generated in a 3rd order periodically poled MgO-doped stoichiometric LiTaO3 crystal

    E-print Network

    Heonoh Kim; Hee Jung Lee; Sang Min Lee; Han Seb Moon

    2015-06-14

    We present a highly efficient source for discrete frequency-entangled photon pairs based on spontaneous parametric down-conversion using 3rd order type-0 quasi-phase matching in a periodically poled MgO-doped stoichiometric LiTaO3 crystal pumped by a 355.66 nm laser. Correlated two-photon states were generated with automatic conservation of energy and momentum in two given spatial modes. These states have a wide spectral range, even under small variations in crystal temperature, which consequently results in higher discreteness. Frequency entanglement was confirmed by measuring two-photon quantum interference fringes without any spectral filtering.

  1. Future impact of nanotechnology on medicine and dentistry

    PubMed Central

    Patil, Mallanagouda; Mehta, Dhoom Singh; Guvva, Sowjanya

    2008-01-01

    The human characteristics of curiosity, wonder, and ingenuity are as old as mankind. People around the world have been harnessing their curiosity into inquiry and the process of scientific methodology. Recent years have witnessed an unprecedented growth in research in the area of nanoscience. There is increasing optimism that nanotechnology applied to medicine and dentistry will bring significant advances in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Growing interest in the future medical applications of nanotechnology is leading to the emergence of a new field called nanomedicine. Nanomedicine needs to overcome the challenges for its application, to improve the understanding of pathophysiologic basis of disease, bring more sophisticated diagnostic opportunities, and yield more effective therapies and preventive properties. When doctors gain access to medical robots, they will be able to quickly cure most known diseases that hobble and kill people today, to rapidly repair most physical injuries our bodies can suffer, and to vastly extend the human health span. Molecular technology is destined to become the core technology underlying all of 21st century medicine and dentistry. In this article, we have made an attempt to have an early glimpse on future impact of nanotechnology in medicine and dentistry. PMID:20142942

  2. A Kinesthetic Learning Approach to Earth Science for 3rd and 4th Grade Students on the Pajarito Plateau, Los Alamos, NM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wershow, H. N.; Green, M.; Stocker, A.; Staires, D.

    2010-12-01

    Current efforts towards Earth Science literacy in New Mexico are guided by the New Mexico Science Benchmarks [1]. We are geoscience professionals in Los Alamos, NM who believe there is an important role for non-traditional educators utilizing innovative teaching methods. We propose to further Earth Science literacy for local 3rd and 4th grade students using a kinesthetic learning approach, with the goal of fostering an interactive relationship between the students and their geologic environment. We will be working in partnership with the Pajarito Environmental Education Center (PEEC), which teaches the natural heritage of the Pajarito Plateau to 3rd and 4th grade students from the surrounding area, as well as the Family YMCA’s Adventure Programs Director. The Pajarito Plateau provides a remarkable geologic classroom because minimal structural features complicate the stratigraphy and dramatic volcanic and erosional processes are plainly on display and easily accessible. Our methodology consists of two approaches. First, we will build an interpretive display of the local geology at PEEC that will highlight prominent rock formations and geologic processes seen on a daily basis. It will include a simplified stratigraphic section with field specimens and a map linked to each specimen’s location to encourage further exploration. Second, we will develop and implement a kinesthetic curriculum for an exploratory field class. Active engagement with geologic phenomena will take place in many forms, such as a scavenger hunt for precipitated crystals in the vesicles of basalt flows and a search for progressively smaller rhyodacite clasts scattered along an actively eroding canyon. We believe students will be more receptive to origin explanations when they possess a piece of the story. Students will be provided with field books to make drawings of geologic features. This will encourage independent assessment of phenomena and introduce the skill of scientific observation. We expect students to develop comprehension of basic geologic concepts and processes such as erosion and sediment transport, caldera formation, ash flows, crystallization and volcanic cooling features. More importantly, we hope students will become excited about their geologic environment and pursue further engagement. We will attempt to quantify student comprehension and engagement by administering simple questionnaires before and after exposure to both the PEEC display and the field class. ____________________________________________________________ [1] New Mexico Science Content Standards, Benchmarks, and Performance Standards. Approved 2003, New Mexico State Department of Education. 3rd Grade Benchmark: “Know that Earth’s features are constantly changed by a combination of slow and rapid processes that include the action of volcanoes, earthquakes, mountain building, biological changes, erosion, and weathering” 4th Grade Benchmark: “Know that the properties of rocks and minerals reflect the processes that shaped them (i.e., igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks)”

  3. Sequential analysis applied to clinical trials in dentistry: a systematic review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P Bogowicz; C Flores-Mir; P W Major; G Heo

    2008-01-01

    Clinical trials employ sequential analysis for the ethical and economic benefits it brings. In dentistry, as in other fields, resources are scarce and efforts are made to ensure that patients are treated ethically. The objective of this systematic review was to characterise the use of sequential analysis for clinical trials in dentistry. We searched various databases from 1900 through to

  4. Transfer Credit Policy Page 1 of 1 School of Medicine and Dentistry Revised July 2011

    E-print Network

    Goldman, Steven A.

    Transfer Credit Policy Page 1 of 1 School of Medicine and Dentistry Revised July 2011 Transfer Credit Policy Of the School of Medicine and Dentistry's minimum required 96 credits hours for the Doctor of Philosophy degree, no more than 30 credit hours may be accepted

  5. DentistryUnDergraDUate stUDy We offer many opportunities for you to

    E-print Network

    Guo, Zaoyang

    . As part of the introduction to operative dentistry you will learn about the treatment of dental caries;#12;Dentistry glasgow Dental hospital & school is located in the centre of glasgow with up-to-date facilities for patient care, student clinical practice and training, and education and research in dental and oral

  6. Development of Prototype Outcomes-Based Training Modules for Aesthetic Dentistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andres, Maricar Joy T.; Borabo, Milagros L.

    2015-01-01

    The objective of the study is to know the essential components of Aesthetic Dentistry that will be a basis for prototype Outcomes-based training modules. Using a 5-point Likert scale, the researcher-made questionnaire assessed the different elements of Aesthetic Dentistry which are needed in the designing of the training module, the manner of…

  7. Where to Next? The Issues in Dentistry from the Perspective of a Dental Educator.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Formicola, Allan J.

    1993-01-01

    This paper identifies two trends seen as shaping the future of dentistry: (1) the position of dental schools within the university structure; and (2) the regulation of schools through accreditation and licensure. Concluding comments address how dentistry can serve the public through greater access to care. (GLR)

  8. Quality indicators: the rationale behind their use in NHS dentistry.

    PubMed

    Mills, I; Batchelor, P

    2011-07-01

    This paper explores the concept of quality as applied to healthcare and its subsequent application to dentistry. The assessment of quality arose from the manufacturing industry and is viewed as a cornerstone of current Government thinking. The difficulties in defining and therefore in measuring are examined and, in particular, the tensions between quantifying quality at a population level and at an individual level. The findings of the application of quality measures to primary medical care are reviewed, especially those that are linked to financial reimbursement of care providers and the implications for any future dental agenda discussed. PMID:21738180

  9. An overview of nickel-titanium alloys used in dentistry.

    PubMed

    Thompson, S A

    2000-07-01

    The nickel-titanium alloy Nitinol has been used in the manufacture of endodontic instruments in recent years. Nitinol alloys have greater strength and a lower modulus of elasticity compared with stainless steel alloys. The super-elastic behaviour of Nitinol wires means that on unloading they return to their original shape following deformation. These properties are of interest in endodontology as they allow construction of root canal instruments that utilize these favourable characteristics to provide an advantage when preparing curved canals. This review aims to provide an overview of Nitinol alloys used in dentistry in order for its unique characteristics to be appreciated. PMID:11307203

  10. Adaptive and Effortful Control and Academic Self-efficacy Beliefs on Achievement: A Longitudinal Study of 1st through 3rd Graders

    PubMed Central

    Liew, Jeffrey; McTigue, Erin; Barrois, Lisa; Hughes, Jan

    2009-01-01

    The linkages between self-regulatory processes and achievement were examined across three years in 733 children beginning at 1st grade (M = 6.57 years, SD = .39 at 1st grade) who were identified as lower achieving in literacy. Accounting for consistencies in measures (from one year prior) and for influences of child’s age, gender, IQ, ethnicity and economic adversity on achievement, results indicate that adaptive/effortful control at 1st grade contributed to both academic self-efficacy beliefs at 2nd grade, and reading (but not math) achievement at 3rd grade. Although academic self-efficacy did not partially mediate the linkage between adaptive/effortful control and achievement, academic self-efficacy beliefs were positively correlated with reading and math. Results support the notion that early efforts to promote children’s self-regulatory skills would enhance future academic self-beliefs and achievement, particularly in literacy. PMID:19169387

  11. Tailoring the GVHD prophylaxis regimen according to transplantation associated toxicities-Substituting the 3rd dose of methotrexate to mycophenolate mofetil.

    PubMed

    Ram, Ron; Herscovici, Corina; Dahan, Dikla; Israeli, Moshe; Dreyer, Juliet; Peck, Anat; Shpilberg, Ofer; Yeshurun, Moshe

    2014-08-01

    We hypothesized that in patients with early post allogeneic transplantation toxicities, the omission of the 3rd dose of methotrexate with concomitant starting of MMF would favorably affect complications. We found a higher incidence of grade 2-4 acute GVHD in patients given two doses methotrexate and MMF (n=31) compared to those given three courses of methotrexate (n=70) (p=.004), while grade 3-4 was similar. Other transplantation outcomes, including overall regimen-related-toxicity, were comparable. We conclude that tailoring the GVHD prophylaxis regimen may decrease the early post transplantation complications, however this come at the extent of a higher incidence of non-severe acute GVHD. PMID:24939215

  12. To be in a position to apply to the Department of Dentistry at the University of Alberta,

    E-print Network

    Seldin, Jonathan P.

    To be in a position to apply to the Department of Dentistry at the University of Alberta, students: Most of the courses required for Dentistry are among requirements for the Agricultural BiotechnologyL major, adjusting course selection as appropriate to meet requirements for Dentistry. Students should

  13. To be in a position to apply to the Department of Dentistry at the University of Alberta,

    E-print Network

    Seldin, Jonathan P.

    To be in a position to apply to the Department of Dentistry at the University of Alberta, students to Probability and Statistics Considerations when choosing courses: Most of the courses required for Dentistry and Biochemistry majors,it is not accepted by the Department of Dentistry at the U of A. Students must choose

  14. To be in a position to apply to the Department of Dentistry at the University of Alberta,

    E-print Network

    Seldin, Jonathan P.

    To be in a position to apply to the Department of Dentistry at the University of Alberta, students choosing courses: Most of the courses required for Dentistry are among requirements for the Agricultural in their programs to meet admission requirements for Dentistry. Students with the Biological Sciences major should

  15. To be in a position to apply to the Department of Dentistry at the University of Alberta,

    E-print Network

    Seldin, Jonathan P.

    To be in a position to apply to the Department of Dentistry at the University of Alberta, students Considerations when choosing courses: Most of the courses required for Dentistry are among requirements for Dentistry. Students should take note of the following: 1. Courses not included in these UofL majors (e

  16. Knowledge and institutional requirements to promote land degradation neutrality in drylands - An analysis of the outcomes of the 3rd UNCCD scientific conference

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akhtar-Schuster, Mariam; Safriel, Uriel; Abraham, Elena; de Vente, Joris; Essahli, Wafa; Escadafal, Richard; Stringer, Lindsay

    2015-04-01

    Achieving land degradation neutrality (LDN) through sustainable land management (SLM) targets the maintenance or restoration of the productivity of land, and therefore has to include decision-makers, knowledge generators and knowledge holders at the different relevant geographic scales. In order to enhance the implementation of the Convention, the Conference of the Parties (COP) of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification therefore decided that each future session of its Committee on Science and Technology (CST) would be organized in a predominantly scientific and technical conference-style format. This contribution will outline the major outcomes of UNCCD's 3rd scientific conference that will be held in Cancún, Mexico, from 9 to 12 March 2015, on addressing desertification, land degradation and drought issues (DLDD) for poverty reduction and sustainable development. The conference follows an exceptional new round table conference format that will allow the various stakeholders to discuss scientific as well as the contribution of traditional knowledge and practices in combating land degradation. This format should provide two-way communication and enable deeper insight into the availability and contribution of all forms of knowledge for achieving LDN through the assessment of: • the vulnerability of lands to DLDD and climate change and the adaptive capacities of socio-ecosystems; • best examples of adapted, knowledge-based practices and technologies; • monitoring and assessment methods to evaluate the effectiveness of adaptation practices and technologies. The outcomes of UNCCD's 3rd scientific conference will serve as a basis for discussing: • contributions of science to diagnose the status of land; • research gaps that need to be addressed to achieve LDN for poverty reduction; • additional institutional requirements to optimally bridge knowledge generation, knowledge maintenance and knowledge implementation at the science-policy interface.

  17. Making academic dentistry more attractive to new teacher-scholars.

    PubMed

    Trower, Cathy A

    2007-05-01

    This perspectives article written under the sponsorship of the Commission on Change and Innovation in Dental Education (CCI) of the American Dental Education Association (ADEA) summarizes data on the numbers of women and persons of color earning the D.D.S./D.M.D. degrees and entering the U.S. dentistry profession in the first decade of the twenty-first century and examines job factors of importance to recent graduates of doctoral programs in other academic disciplines that may have relevance for planning recruitment and retention strategies within academic dentistry. The characteristics and expectations of Generation X faculty are explored: who are they and what do they want from the academic workplace? The article describes the culture clash that often occurs when Gen Xers encounter policies and practices that were designed by and for prior generations (e.g., Traditionalists and Boomers) who filled the ranks of dental school faculty in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s. Recommendations for rethinking academic employment systems in ways that might make the university workplace more attractive to Generation X are described. PMID:17493969

  18. GRADUATE SCHOOL OF EDUCATION Summer Quarter sessions: 1st = 6/20-7/15; 2nd = 7/18-8/12; 3rd = 8/22-9/16 06/22/11

    E-print Network

    Bert, Sue 725-4685 206K ED Not Teaching SPED Bickford, James 725-5495 204H ED By Appointment: bickford-4639 ELP Farahmandpur, Ramin 725-8271 506X ED COUN Halverson-Westerberg, Susan 725-8106 504A ED 1st : Thur

  19. January 3rd Spring 2006

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    and Banners, Binding and Finishing, Electronic File Submission. To learn more, please call (714) 278...............................................61 Sexual Harassment (Also see notice on page 4) ..................

  20. 3rd Grade Measurement Games

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Miss Burris

    2010-01-28

    Click on the links below to play games that relate to what we are learning in Math about Measurement. For the "Sub Shop Measurements" game, cut the sub the size the customer orders and then add the toppings they order on their sandwich. See how many orders you can place in the given time! For the "Measure It!" game, measure the length of the lines with the ruler that the beaver provides. Here are ...

  1. PROCEEDINGS 3rd RESEARCH WORKSHOP

    E-print Network

    .................................................................................................. xxiii F. Wrona SESSION 1: PULP MILL EFFLUENT ISSUES Industrial Discharges, Fraser River Pollution...................................................... 43 F.A.P.C. Gobas Chlorophenol Effects on the Early Development and Growth of White Sturgeon

  2. 3rd Grade Content Standards

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Shell Centre

    2012-01-01

    This web page provides links to resources aligned to the CCSS that guide and support third grade mathematics teaching and learning. Tasks developed by the Mathematics Assessment Resource Service (MARS) and Problems of the Month, (POM home page is cataloged separately) developed by the Noyce Foundation are included. The tasks were designed to measure students’ ability to solve non-routine problems, explain and justify their solutions, and promote high level thinking skills. They include the scoring rubric, student responses, and discussion of student understanding and misconceptions. Resources are listed for specific grade 3 standards and are also organized by progression for an alternate search route.

  3. 3rd Grade Geometry Games

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Miss Burris

    2010-04-13

    Click on the links below to play games that will give you practice in what we are learning in Math about Geometry. Match the Geometry Shapes with their appropriate name. Help the Lady Bug get to its leaf. See if you can name the appropriate Lines, Segments, and Rays Oh My! ...

  4. Application of Low level Lasers in Dentistry (Endodontic)

    PubMed Central

    Asnaashari, Mohammad; Safavi, Nassimeh

    2013-01-01

    Low level lasers, cold or soft lasers: These lasers do not produce thermal effects on tissues and induce photoreactions in cells through light stimulation which is called photobiostimulation. Power of these lasers is usually under 250mW. The main point differentiating low level lasers and high power ones is the activation of photochemical reactions without heat formation. The most important factor to achieve this light characteristic in lasers is not their power, but their power density for each surfa ceunit (i.e cm2). Density lower than 670mW/cm2, can induce the stimulatory effects of low level lasers without thermal effects. Low level lasers (therapeutic) used today as treatment adjunctive devices in medicine and dentistry. Numerous studies have been performed on the applications of low level lasers in patient pain reduction. Mechanisms of pain reduction with therapeutic lasers and their application are expressed, and the studies realized in this field are presented. PMID:25606308

  5. Piezosurgery applied to implant dentistry: clinical and biological aspects.

    PubMed

    Pereira, Cassiano Costa Silva; Gealh, Walter Cristiano; Meorin-Nogueira, Lamis; Garcia-Júnior, Idelmo Rangel; Okamoto, Roberta

    2014-07-01

    Piezosurgery is a new and modern technique of bone surgery in implantology. Selective cutting is possible for different ultrasonic frequencies acting only in hard tissues (mineralized), saving vital anatomical structures. With the piezoelectric osteotomy technique, receptor site preparation for implants, autogenous bone graft acquistition (particles and blocks), osteotomy for alveolar bone crest expansion, maxillary sinus lifting, and dental implant removal can be performed accurately and safely, providing excellent clinical and biological results, especially for osteocyte viability. The aim of this review was, through literature review, to present clinical applications of piezosurgery in implant dentistry and outline their advantages and disadvantages over conventional surgical systems. Moreover, this study addressed the biological aspects related to piezosurgery that differentiate it from those of bone tissue approaches. Overall, piezosurgery enables critical operations in simple and fully executable procedures; and effectively, areas that are difficult to access have less risk of soft tissue and neurovascular tissue damage via piezosurgery. PMID:25020222

  6. [Teaching arthroscopy techniques at the Educational Center for Clinical Anatomy and Endoscopy (ECAE), Department of Anatomy, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague].

    PubMed

    Báca, V; Doubková, A; Kachlík, D; Stingl, J; Svatos, F

    2006-10-01

    In the period from 2000 to 2005, with support of several grants, a unique multi-media center for teaching endoscopic techniques was established at the Department of Anatomy, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague. This conditions have been provided for the repeated use of cadavers preserved by a special embalming method of Professor Thiel of the Institute for Anatomy, University of Graz, for simulation of surgical procedures. One room of the Department has been converted into a small operating theatre and an audio-visual network with wireless Internet connection covers the whole dissection unit of the Department. A graphic studio for production of teaching materials has also been set up. The course in dissection for the first- and second-year medical students also includes demo arthroscopy. In addition to the courses for students, postgraduate courses for young surgeons are organized. These provide an opportunity to learn about techniques and instruments employed in a broad range of arthroscopic procedures, using appropriate cadaver materials. PMID:17140520

  7. [Regional asymmetries. What are the differences in lifestyles and life satisfaction among adolescents? A study of students of the 3rd cycle of basic education in Portugal].

    PubMed

    Vieira, Tiago Paupério Ferreira; Alves, Nuno José Corte-Real Correia; Dias, Cláudia Salomé Lima; Da Fonseca, António Manuel Leal Ferreira Mendonça

    2015-01-01

    Based on the importance of behavior and life satisfaction for the health of young people and the considerable regional differences that exist in mainland Portugal, an investigation was conducted. It sought to verify differences in levels of the practice of sport, tobacco and alcohol consumption and life satisfaction among students of the 3rd cycle of basic education living in different inland/coastal and rural/urban areas. The sample consisted of 5624 adolescents, aged between 12 and 17 years. The instrument used for data collection was the "Inventory of Health-Related Behavior of Adolescents" and a translated version of "The Satisfaction With Life Scale". The results revealed that there are higher levels of smoking among young people living in urban and inland areas, higher levels of alcohol consumption among young people living in rural and inland areas and higher levels of life satisfaction among adolescents living in urban and coastal areas. Levels of sport were identical in all geographical areas. It was also found that there were significant differences in all variables of the analysis. PMID:25650594

  8. 75 FR 14446 - Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-25

    ...Advisory Committee on Training in Primary Care Medicine and Dentistry; Notice...encourage students into careers in the primary care health professions. Reports are...recommendations for the ninth report on the primary care pipeline. The Advisory...

  9. Predoctoral Program Models in Dentistry for the Handicapped: The University of Tennessee Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wessels, Kenneth E.

    1980-01-01

    A model program in dentistry for the handicapped offered at the University of Tennessee and supported by a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation grant is described. The program includes didactic instruction, observation and seminar, and clinical practice. (JMF)

  10. The relationship between teacher Levels of Technology Integration (LoTi) on 3rd-5th Grade Students on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) scores at Alamo Heights Independent School District, San Antonio, Texas 

    E-print Network

    Bashara, Dana Marie

    2008-10-10

    The purpose of this study was to examine Levels of Technology Implementation (LoTi) teacher self-ratings and Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) scores. The study assessed the relationship between LoTi ratings and TAKS scores of 3rd, 4th...

  11. Complete this form and submit it with the completed Declaration of Major form to the Department of Psychology Administrative Assistant in room 10-3538, 3rd Floor East, UNBC Teaching & Learning Building

    E-print Network

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    of Psychology Administrative Assistant in room 10-3538, 3rd Floor East, UNBC Teaching & Learning Building by the last day of classes in any semester. DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF NORTHERN BRITISH COLUMBIA APPLICATION FOR B.Sc. (HONOURS) DEGREE IN PSYCHOLOGY Applications must be submitted by the last day of classes

  12. Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Hybrid Approaches to Translation (HyTra) @ EACL 2014, pages 4857, Gothenburg, Sweden, April 27, 2014. c 2014 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-print Network

    Translation research. In this paper, we propose an automatic approach for extraction of parallel fragments and this approach exploits the multilingualism of Wikipedia. The automatic alignment process of parallel textProceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Hybrid Approaches to Translation (HyTra) @ EACL 2014, pages 48

  13. "Problem-based Learning: helping your students gain the most from PBL" 3rd edition, Instructor's Guide for "Problem-based Learning: how to gain the most from PBL" ISBN

    E-print Network

    Thompson, Michael

    their thinking, so as to nurture deep learning and a search for meaning and so that they develop their critical"Problem-based Learning: helping your students gain the most from PBL" 3rd edition, March 1996 Instructor's Guide for "Problem-based Learning: how to gain the most from PBL" ISBN 0-9698725-0-X © copyright

  14. Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Predicting and Improving Text Readability for Target Reader Populations (PITR) @ EACL 2014, pages 2129, Gothenburg, Sweden, April 26-30 2014. c 2014 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-print Network

    Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Predicting and Improving Text Readability for Target Reader of subtitles to identify age-specific TV programs Sowmya Vajjala and Detmar Meurers LEAD Graduate School whether measures of read- ability can be used to identify age-specific TV programs. Based on a corpus

  15. Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Predicting and Improving Text Readability for Target Reader Populations (PITR) @ EACL 2014, pages 131140, Gothenburg, Sweden, April 26-30 2014. c 2014 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-print Network

    Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Predicting and Improving Text Readability for Target Reader abilities: on the one hand, 5%-10% of users have the capac- ity to read words from an early age without to get a better un- derstanding of the needs of these readers, a thor- ough analysis was carried out

  16. Rosse, 3rd Earl of [William Parsons, Lord Rosse, Lord Oxmantown] (1800-67) and Rosse, 4th Earl of [Laurence Parsons, Lord Rosse, Lord Oxmantown] (1840-1908)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Murdin

    2000-01-01

    Irish astronomer and landowner, the 3rd Lord Rosse was educated at Trinity College, Dublin and Oxford as a mathematician. He became interested in astronomy and made at the family castle in Birr a 36 in reflector with the same design as William Herschel's (see HERSCEL FAMILY). Mapped the Moon, and observed nebulae with the intent to resolve them into stars.

  17. Perceived competency towards preventive dentistry among dental graduates: the need for curriculum change

    PubMed Central

    Arheiam, Arheiam; Bankia, Ibtesam; Ingafou, Mohamed

    2015-01-01

    Background A previous study has shown that dental practitioners in Benghazi believed that the less prevention-oriented education system is one of the barriers to applying preventive dentistry. Objective To assess attitudes and perceived competence of the dental graduates in Benghazi towards prevention and early management of dental caries. Methods A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey was conducted among internship students attending the Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry in Faculty of Dentistry, Benghazi, Libya. The participants were asked to provide demographic information, to respond to statements about their attitudes towards preventive dentistry, and to answer questions regarding their perceived competence in applying preventive dentistry procedures. Results Data from 108 Libyan dental graduates were analysed for this study, of which 64% of them were females and 42.1% of them passed their final year with grade: acceptable. The most acknowledged aspects of preventive dentistry were being useful and essential to the community (95.4 and 90.8%, respectively). The percentage of participants expressing a proficiency in providing oral hygiene instructions was the highest (95.4%). There were differences between study subgroups in their perceived competence of preventive dental practices by gender and academic performance (p?0.05). Conclusion This study highlighted that the currently implemented undergraduate education programme in Benghazi dental school does not provide dentists with the required attitude and skills to fulfil their role in providing preventive-oriented health services. PMID:25556523

  18. Role of stress in burnout among students of medicine and dentistry--a study in Ljubljana, Slovenia, Faculty of Medicine.

    PubMed

    Kogoj, Tina Krokter; Cebašek-Travnik, Zdenka; Zaletel-Kragelj, Lijana

    2014-09-01

    Medical education is challenging, but for some students it can be very stressful. Studies suggest that stress during medical education can have a negative impact on students' mental health and that burnout is frequent among medical school students. The aim of this study was to measure burnout among students of medicine/dentistry (M/D) at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia, in relation to their perception of stress, so as to enable planning preventative activities for students at risk. The data were collected in a cross-sectional study, carried out in spring 2008 among the total population of MID students of 1St, 3rd, 4th and 6th year, using a self-administered online questionnaire. Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI) instrument was used. Separate burnout scores were calculated for the exhaustion and disengagement dimensions of burnout, and related to students'perception of stress. Multiple linear regression method was carried out to adjust the association estimates for several potential confounders (gender, study program, relationship status, and grade). The overall response rate was 47.2%, and a total of 476 students participated. Students scored higher on exhaustion than on disengagement dimension--the mean value of burnout scores on the exhaustion dimension scale was -1.68, while it was -4.58 on the disengagement dimension scale. The results showed a statistically significant difference between high and low risk-for-stress groups of students in both burnout dimensions (average value of burnout scores on the exhaustion scale: high risk-for-stress group -3.69, low risk-for-stress group 0.19, p<0.001; average value of burnout scores on the disengagement scale: high risk-for-stress group -5.57, low risk-for-stress group -3.65, p<0.001). After adjustment for potential confounders differences on both burnout subscales remained almost unchanged. Results confirmed our hypothesis that M/D students of Ljubljana Faculty of Medicine who frequently experience stress (especially those with poor coping mechanisms), exhibit higher degree of burnout. PMID:25507353

  19. Role of stress in burnout among students of medicine and dentistry--a study in Ljubljana, Slovenia, Faculty of Medicine.

    PubMed

    Kogoj, Tina Krokter; Cebašek-Travnik, Zdenka; Zaletel-Kragelj, Lijana

    2014-09-01

    Medical education is challenging, but for some students it can be very stressful. Studies suggest that stress during medical education can have a negative impact on students' mental health and that burnout is frequent among medical school students. The aim of this study was to measure burnout among students of medicine/dentistry (M/D) at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia, in relation to their perception of stress, so as to enable planning preventative activities for students at risk. The data were collected in a cross-sectional study, carried out in spring 2008 among the total population of MID students of 1St, 3rd, 4th and 6th year, using a self-administered online questionnaire. Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI) instrument was used. Separate burnout scores were calculated for the exhaustion and disengagement dimensions of burnout, and related to students'perception of stress. Multiple linear regression method was carried out to adjust the association estimates for several potential confounders (gender, study program, relationship status, and grade). The overall response rate was 47.2%, and a total of 476 students participated. Students scored higher on exhaustion than on disengagement dimension--the mean value of burnout scores on the exhaustion dimension scale was -1.68, while it was -4.58 on the disengagement dimension scale. The results showed a statistically significant difference between high and low risk-for-stress groups of students in both burnout dimensions (average value of burnout scores on the exhaustion scale: high risk-for-stress group -3.69, low risk-for-stress group 0.19, p<0.001; average value of burnout scores on the disengagement scale: high risk-for-stress group -5.57, low risk-for-stress group -3.65, p<0.001). After adjustment for potential confounders differences on both burnout subscales remained almost unchanged. Results confirmed our hypothesis that M/D students of Ljubljana Faculty of Medicine who frequently experience stress (especially those with poor coping mechanisms), exhibit higher degree of burnout. PMID:25420369

  20. Non-destructive measurement of demineralization and remineralization in the occlusal pits and fissures of extracted 3rd molars with PS-OCT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Chulsung; Hsu, Dennis J.; Le, Michael H.; Darling, Cynthia L.; Fried, Daniel

    2009-02-01

    Previous studies have demonstrated that Polarization Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography (PS-OCT) can be used to image the remineralization of early artificial caries lesion on smooth enamel surfaces of human and bovine teeth. However, most new dental decay is found in the pits and fissures of the occlusal surfaces of posterior dentition and it is in these high risk areas where the performance of new caries imaging devices need to be investigated. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate that PS-OCT can be used to measure the subsequent remineralization of artificial lesions produced in the pits and fissures of extracted 3rd molars. A PS-OCT system operating at 1310-nm was used to acquire polarization resolved images of occlusal surfaces exposed to a demineralizing solution at pH-4.5 followed by a fluoride containing remineralizing solution at pH-7.0 containing 2-ppm fluoride. The integrated reflectivity was calculated to a depth of 200-µm in the entire lesion area using an automated image processing algorithm. Although a well-defined surface zone was clearly resolved in only a few of the samples that underwent remineralization, the PS-OCT measurements indicated a significant (p<0.05) reduction in the integrated reflectivity between the severity of the lesions that were exposed to the remineralization solution and those that were not. The lesion depth and mineral loss were also measured with polarized light microscopy and transverse microradiography after sectioning the teeth. These results show that PS-OCT can be used to non-destructively monitor the remineralization potential of anti-caries agents in the important pits and fissures of the occlusal surface.

  1. Non-destructive measurement of demineralization & remineralization in the occlusal pits and fissures of extracted 3rd molars with PS-OCT

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Chulsung; Hsu, Dennis J.; Le, Michael H.; Darling, Cynthia L.; Fried, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Previous studies have demonstrated that Polarization Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography (PS-OCT) can be used to image the remineralization of early artificial caries lesion on smooth enamel surfaces of human and bovine teeth. However, most new dental decay is found in the pits and fissures of the occlusal surfaces of posterior dentition and it is in these high risk areas where the performance of new caries imaging devices need to be investigated. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate that PS-OCT can be used to measure the subsequent remineralization of artificial lesions produced in the pits and fissures of extracted 3rd molars. A PS-OCT system operating at 1310-nm was used to acquire polarization resolved images of occlusal surfaces exposed to a demineralizing solution at pH-4.5 followed by a fluoride containing remineralizing solution at pH-7.0 containing 2-ppm fluoride. The integrated reflectivity was calculated to a depth of 200-?m in the entire lesion area using an automated image processing algorithm. Although a well-defined surface zone was clearly resolved in only a few of the samples that underwent remineralization, the PS-OCT measurements indicated a significant (p<0.05) reduction in the integrated reflectivity between the severity of the lesions that were exposed to the remineralization solution and those that were not. The lesion depth and mineral loss were also measured with polarized light microscopy and transverse microradiography after sectioning the teeth. These results show that PS-OCT can be used to non-destructively monitor the remineralization potential of anti-caries agents in the important pits and fissures of the occlusal surface. PMID:21935289

  2. Biz/ed Chronologies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Biz/ed highlights UK and international events of economic significance at the new Chronologies page with data from the Barclays Bank Economics Department. Each timeline is browseable by quarter or year (1997-present), and the Key Facts section summarizes major events of the last thirty years by decade.

  3. Unconventional dentistry in India - an insight into the traditional methods.

    PubMed

    Boloor, Vinita Ashutosh; Hosadurga, Rajesh; Rao, Anupama; Jenifer, Haziel; Pratap, Sruthy

    2014-07-01

    Unconventional medicine (UM) has been known and practised since the recorded history of civilization. Some unconventional practices may be viewed as "the continuity of traditions, religious beliefs, and even quackery that non-specialists practice." These practices have been associated with religious beliefs and the spiritual domain as well as with the physical domain. In ancient Old World civilizations, UM was performed by skilled experts or wise men; in today's Western civilization, practitioners may or may not be licensed, and some are charlatans. Dentistry, like medicine, is a traditional, science-based, highly regulated healthcare profession that serves increasingly sophisticated and demanding clients. Today, traditional dental practice is dealing with an array of challenges to the established professional system; these challenges are generally termed "alternative" (or complementary, unconventional, or integrative). Genuine alternatives are comparable methods of equal value that have met scientific and regulatory criteria for safety and effectiveness. Because "alternative care" has become politicized and is often a misnomer - referring to practices that are not alternative to, complementary to, or integrating with conventional health care - the more accurate term "unconventional" is used. PMID:25161919

  4. Introducing evidence-based dentistry to dental students using histology.

    PubMed

    Lallier, Thomas E

    2014-03-01

    The expansion of evidence-based dentistry (EBD) is essential to the continued growth and development of the dental profession. Expanding EBD requires increased emphasis on critical thinking skills during dental education, as noted in the American Dental Education Association's Competencies for the New General Dentist. In order to achieve this goal, educational exercises must be introduced to increase the use of critical thinking skills early in the dental curriculum, with continued reinforcement as students progress through subsequent years. Described in this article is one approach to increasing student exposure to critical thinking during the early basic science curriculum-specifically, within the confines of a traditional histology course. A method of utilizing the medical and dental research literature to reinforce and enliven the concepts taught in histology is described, along with an approach for using peer-to-peer presentations to demonstrate the tools needed to critically evaluate research studies and their presentation in published articles. This approach, which could be applied to any basic science course, will result in a stronger foundation on which students can build their EBD and critical thinking skills. PMID:24609340

  5. [Perceptions of dentistry teachers in the teaching and learning process].

    PubMed

    Lazzarin, Helen Cristina; Nakama, Luiza; Cordoni Júnior, Luiz

    2010-06-01

    The didactic-pedagogical training of the university professor and of the quality of higher education must be revised due to the demands of the dynamic society and to the implementation of national curricular guidelines. Within this context, it was analyzed the perceptions of dentistry undergraduate of Universidade Estadual de Londrina teachers about the role of the teacher in the teaching and learning process. A qualitative research was carried out and data were collected through semi-structured interviews. Results showed that the teacher plays an essential role in the teaching and learning process, being the sole provider of knowledge. Teaching and learning strategies are based on oral transmission. Most part of the teachers got their didactic-pedagogical education from postgraduate Courses (Master's and/or PhD), that do not qualify teachers adequately for their teaching career. The teachers are not formally prepared for their teaching careers. In conclusion, findings from this study must be revised both regarding the training and the didactic-pedagogical upgrading in search of a general, humanist, critical and reflexive formation of the student. PMID:20640342

  6. Minimal Intervention Dentistry (MID) for managing dental caries – a review

    PubMed Central

    Frencken, Jo E.; Peters, Mathilde C.; Manton, David J.; Leal, Soraya C.; Gordan, Valeria V.; Eden, Ece

    2012-01-01

    This publication describes the history of Minimal Intervention Dentistry (MID) for managing dental caries and presents evidence for various carious lesion detection devices, for preventive measures, for restorative and non-restorative therapies as well as for repairing rather than replacing defective restorations. It is a follow-up to the FDI World Dental Federation publication on MID, of 2000. The dental profession currently is faced with an enormous task of how to manage the high burden of consequences of the caries process amongst the world population. If it is to manage carious lesion development and its progression, it should move away from the ‘surgical’ care approach and fully embrace the MID approach. The chance for MID to be successful is thought to be increased tremendously if dental caries is not considered an infectious but instead a behavioural disease with a bacterial component. Controlling the two main carious lesion development related behaviours, i.e. intake and frequency of fermentable sugars, to not more than five times daily and removing/disturbing dental plaque from all tooth surfaces using an effective fluoridated toothpaste twice daily, are the ingredients for reducing the burden of dental caries in many communities in the world. FDI’s policy of reducing the need for restorative therapy by placing an even greater emphasis on caries prevention than is currently done, is therefore, worth pursuing. PMID:23106836

  7. Where dentistry stands in light of health care reform.

    PubMed

    Collignon, B H

    1994-01-01

    The hot topic from Capitol Hill in Washington to Capitol Hill in Jefferson City is health care reform. President Clinton started the ball rolling during the campaign in 1992 by including health care reform in his platform. He continued the effort after his election by appointing his wife, Hillary, to chair a task force to present an outline for federal legislation. Since the package was presented to Congress, there has been much discussion, lobbying, and rumoring about the implications of health care reform and what it could mean to all of us as dentists. On the home front, Governor Carnahan has introduced legislation in Missouri to reform the health care system. This effort is known as the Missouri Health Assurance Plan (H.B. 1622). Missouri Dental Association members are vitally concerned about the impact of health care reform on their practice, their taxes, their relationship with their patients and employees, and on their ability to seek out health care services since each member is also a consumer of health care. This article represents answers to some of the questions being asked by MDA members in order that they might be more aware of the activities by the MDA, the ADA, and other levels of organized dentistry relating to health care reform. PMID:9564299

  8. A review on common chemical hemostatic agents in restorative dentistry

    PubMed Central

    Tarighi, Pardis; Khoroushi, Maryam

    2014-01-01

    Control of hemorrhage is one of the challenging situations dentists confront during deep cavity preparation and before impressions or cementation of restorations. For the best bond and least contamination it is necessary to be familiar with the hemostatic agents available on the market and to be able to choose the appropriate one for specific situations. This review tries to introduce the commercially available hemostatic agents, discusses their components and their specific features. The most common chemical agents that are widely used in restorative and prosthodontic dentistry according to their components and mechanism of action as well as their special uses are introduced. PubMed and Google Scholar were searched for studies involving gingival retraction and hemostatic agents from 1970 to 2013. Key search words including: “gingival retraction techniques, impression technique, hemostasis and astringent” were searched. Based on the information available in the literature, in order to achieve better results with impression taking and using resin bonding techniques, common hemostatic agents might be recommended before or during acid etching; they should be rinsed off properly and it is recommended that they be used with etch-and-rinse adhesive systems. PMID:25225553

  9. Essentials of standard chinese phonetics for prosthetic dentistry.

    PubMed

    Hu, Xiulian; Lin, Ye; Hunold, Cordula; Nelson, Katja

    2013-08-01

    Speech adaptation after oral rehabilitation is based on a complex interaction of articulatory and myofunctional factors. The knowledge of basic phonetic principles may help clinicians identify phonetic problems associated with prosthodontic treatment. The purpose of this article is to illustrate basic phonetic terminology, standard Chinese (Putonghua) phonetics, and the anatomic structures relevant for dentistry. In cooperation with a Chinese linguistic specialist, Chinese articulators were selected and are described and compared with English phonetics. Established test words and sentences aid the identification of mispronounced articulators and their related dental structures. The pronunciation of most consonants and vowels in standard Chinese is similar to English, but some of them, such as the retropalatals (/zh/ [t?], /ch/ [th?], /sh/ [?]), have notable differences. Palatal consonants (/j/ [t?], /q/ [t?h], /x/ [?]) are unique to the Chinese phonetic system and are not found in English phonetics. The comprehension of the basic anatomic regions involved in Chinese phonetics may help prosthodontists treat patients whose native language is standard Chinese. PMID:23387807

  10. Stages of Geoinformation Evolution Related to the Territories Described in the Bible - from the 3Rd Millennium B.C. to Modern Times

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Linsenbarth, Adam

    2012-09-01

    The paper presents consecutive stages of the evolution of geoinformation related to the territories of the events described in the Bible. Two geoinformation sources are presented: the Bible and non-Bible sources. In the Bible there is much, often some highly detailed information regarding terrain topography. The oldest non-Bible sources are incorporated in the ancient documents, which were discovered in Egypt and Mesopotamia. Some of them are related to the 3rd millen- nium B.C. The further stages are related to the onomasticons and itineraries written by travellers and pilgrims to the Holy Land. The most famous onomasticons include: onomasticons prepared by bishop Eusebius from Caesarea and those pre- pared by St. Jerome. One of the oldest maps of Palestine's territory is the so-called mosaic map of Madaba dated to 565. In the 15th century several Bible maps were edited. The most rapid evolution occurred in the 16th and 17* centuries, when the world famous cartographers such as Mercator and Ortelius edited several maps of Palestine's territory. Cartographers from several European countries edited more than 6,000 maps presenting the Biblical territories and Biblical events. Modem maps, based on detailed topographical surveys, were edited m the second half of the 19* and 20th centuries. W artykule przedstawiono kolejne etapy rozwoju geoinformacji dotycz?cej terenówr biblijnych. Omówiono dwa ?ród?a informacji, a mianowicie geoinformacje biblijne i pozabiblijne. W tekstach biblijnych mo?na znale?? wiele, cz?sto bardzo detalicznych informacji topograficznych. Najstarsze ?ród?a pozabiblijne, to staro?ytne dokumenty odnalezione na terenach Egiptu i Mezopotamii. Niektóre z nich pochodz? z trzeciego milenium przed Chr. Kolejnym etapem geoinformacji by?y onomastikony oraz dzienniki podró?y pisane przez podró?ników i pielgrzymów do Ziemi ?wi?tej. Do najbardziej znanych nale?y onomastikon sporz?dzony przez biskupa Euzebiusza z Cezarei oraz onomastikon ?w. Hieronima. Do jed- nych z najstarszych map Palestyny nale?y mozaikowa mapa odnaleziona na posadzce ko?cio?a w Madabie pochodz?ca z roku 565. Szybki rozwój kartografii biblijnej nast?pi? w wieku XVI i XVI. kiedy to s?ynni kartografowie Mercator i Ortelius opracowali wiele map Palestyny. Kartografowie z wielu krajów Europy, w ci?gu minionych stuleci, opracowali ponad 6 tysi?cy map biblijnych przedstawiaj?cych terytoria i wydarzenia biblijne. Nowoczesne mapy. oparte na pomiarach topograficznych, zacz?to wydawa? w drugiej po?owie XIX wieku oraz w wieku XX.

  11. The relationship between teacher Levels of Technology Integration (LoTi) on 3rd-5th Grade Students on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) scores at Alamo Heights Independent School District, San Antonio, Texas

    E-print Network

    Bashara, Dana Marie

    2008-10-10

    THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TEACHER LEVELS OF TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION (LoTi) ON 3RD-5TH GRADE STUDENTS ON THE TEXAS ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS (TAKS) SCORES AT ALAMO HEIGHTS INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT, SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS A Record of Study... by DANA M. BASHARA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF EDUCATION August 2008 Major Subject: Educational Administration THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TEACHER...

  12. Minimal intervention dentistry and older patients. Part 1: Risk assessment and caries prevention.

    PubMed

    Allen, Edith; da Mata, Cristiane; McKenna, Gerald; Burke, Francis

    2014-06-01

    Ten million people in the UK today are aged over 65. The latest projections estimate that there will be 5 1/2 million more people aged 65 and older in the next 20 years. This projected pattern of population ageing will have profound consequences for dentistry. Minimal intervention dentistry (MID) is a modern evidence-based approach to caries management in dentate patients that uses the 'medical model' whereby disease is controlled by the 'oral physician'. This approach offers considerable benefits over conventional dentistry for older patients. It encourages patients to be responsible for their oral health through the provision of both knowledge and motivation. MID encompasses risk assessment for dental disease, early detection and control of disease processes, and minimally invasive treatment. Clinical Relevance: Risk assessment tools can aid the general dental practitioner and the patient to develop a suitable caries prevention programme for that individual and reduce the need for future operative intervention. PMID:25073221

  13. Purposeful Assessment Techniques (PAT) Applied to an OSCE-Based Measurement of Competencies in a Pediatric Dentistry Curriculum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William John Boone; Alton G. McWhorter; N. Sue Seale

    Careful measurements of knowledge, attitude, and psychomotor and communication skills are necessary components of testing in a competency-based approach to education in dentistry. In an effort to address these requirements, Baylor College of Dentistry (BCD), Dallas, Texas, has applied Purposeful Assessment Techniques (PAT) to the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) currently in use. PAT are those techniques that allow one

  14. Newsletter of the OHSU School of Dentistry Alumni Association Spring 2008 With its quiet operation in the basement of the

    E-print Network

    Chapman, Michael S.

    in the basement of the School of Dentistry, the Kenneth R. Cantwell Continuing Dental Education Clinic is often seven days a week, it has a huge impact on the community, helping dental professionals ­ many of whom for the continuing education program, as well as for dental students and residents at the School of Dentistry

  15. gatordentistA Publication of the University of Florida College of Dentistry Winter 2005/Annual Report As we progress into spring 2005 I thank all of you who

    E-print Network

    Dixon, Warren

    gatordentistA Publication of the University of Florida College of Dentistry Winter 2005/Annual contributed to the many successes of the College of Dentistry in 2004. We have a lot of great things happening of Florida College of Dentistry Dean Teresa A. Dolan, D.D.S., M.P.H. Editor Communications Director Lindy Mc

  16. Educational Specialist (Ed.S.) In Educational Leadership

    E-print Network

    Educational Specialist (Ed.S.) In Educational Leadership Program of Study (33 credits) This program Leadership (3) EDSL 853 School Personnel Administration (3) EDSL 854 Leadership for Social Justice (3) EDSL Requirement (3 credits) EDSL 879 Advanced Seminar in Educational Leadership and Research: Topics in Finance

  17. Educational Specialist (Ed.S.) In Educational Leadership

    E-print Network

    Educational Specialist (Ed.S.) In Educational Leadership Effective August 2014 Program of Study (33 for Educational Leadership (3) EDSL 853 School Personnel Administration (3) EDSL 854 Leadership for Social Justice Administration (3) Exit Requirement (3 credits) EDSL 879 Advanced Seminar in Educational Leadership and Research

  18. What Is Ag-Ed?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindley, Judy

    Ag-Ed is an agricultural education project aimed at upper primary students, held in conjunction with the Toowoomba Show (similar to a county fair) in Queensland, Australia. The program achieves its purpose of helping children understand the impact and relevance that agriculture has on their everyday lives through two components, an Ag-Ed day and a…

  19. Rebooting the EdD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wergin, Jon F.

    2011-01-01

    In this essay, Jon Wergin reminds readers of the philosophical and historical foundations of the doctor of education (EdD) degree. He argues that the EdD should be based, in large part, on John Dewey's progressive ideals of democratization and Paulo Freire's concepts of emancipatory education. Drawing on theories of reflective practice,…

  20. "Evidence-based dentistry in oral surgery: could we do better?".

    PubMed

    Nocini, Pier Francesco; Verlato, Giuseppe; Frustaci, Andrea; de Gemmis, Antonio; Rigoni, Giovanni; De Santis, Daniele

    2010-01-01

    Evidence-based Dentistry (EBD), like Evidence-based Medicine (EBM), was born in order to seek the "best available research evidence" in the field of dentistry both in research and clinical routine.BUT EVIDENCE IS NOT CLEARLY MEASURABLE IN ALL FIELDS OF HEALTHCARE: in particular, while drug effect is rather independent from clinician's characteristics, the effectiveness of surgical procedures is strictly related to surgeon's expertise, which is difficult to quantify. The research problems of dentistry have a lot in common with other surgical fields, where at the moment the best therapeutic recommendations and guidelines originates from an integration of evidence-based medicine and data from consensus conferences.To cope with these problems, new instruments have been developed, aimed at standardizing clinical procedures (CAD-CAM technology) and at integrating EBM achievements with the opinions of expert clinicians (GRADE System).ONE THING WE HAVE TO REMEMBER HOWEVER: it is necessary to use the instruments developed by evidence-based medicine but is impossible to produce sound knowledge without considering clinical expertise and quality of surgical procedures simultaneously. Only in this way we will obtain an evidence-based dentistry both in dental research and clinical practice, which is up to third millennium standards. PMID:20871758

  1. The Future of Academic Dentistry in a Changing Health Care Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slavkin, Harold

    1996-01-01

    It is anticipated that given current economic, social, and educational trends, some dental, medical, nursing, and pharmacy schools will close, and health occupations education will be characterized by more interdisciplinary cooperation and regionalization of resources. Clustering of dentistry schools and better use of information and…

  2. PerioSim: Haptic Virtual Reality Simulator for Sensorimotor Skill Acquisition in Dentistry

    E-print Network

    Zefran, Milo?

    PerioSim: Haptic Virtual Reality Simulator for Sensorimotor Skill Acquisition in Dentistry Maxim Kolesnikov, Milos Zefran, Arnold D. Steinberg and Philip G. Bashook Abstract-- This paper describes a haptic for the students to follow. Furthermore, the simulator has a mechanism, haptic playback, to help the students

  3. Career Motivations, Perceptions of the Future of Dentistry and Preferred Dental Specialties Among Saudi Dental Students

    PubMed Central

    Halawany, Hassan S

    2014-01-01

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the career motivations, perceptions of the future of dentistry and preferred postgraduate specialties of Saudi dental students. Methods: A pretested, self-administered, 16-item questionnaire was distributed to first- through fifth-year dental students at King Saud University in Saudi Arabia. Descriptive statistics were calculated, and the level of significance was set at 5%. Results: Of the 530 potential participants, 329 students (198 male and 131 female respondents) completed the questionnaire. High professional status (71.4%), a secure career (67.8%), a high income (78.1%), flexible working hours (54.4%), a wide range of career options after graduation (59.3%), opportunities for self-employment (69.3%) and good job opportunities abroad (65.3%) were endorsed to a great/considerable extent by the respondents. “It takes time to establish a practice” (62.3%), “Postgraduate education is a necessity” (72.4%) and “The increasing number of dental institutions is a threat to the profession” (59.3%) were endorsed to a great or considerable extent by the respondents. The most popular specialty among the male students was oral maxillofacial surgery (20.1%) and among female students was operative dentistry (23.4%). Conclusion: The career motivations of this group of dental students seemed to relate to socioeconomic aspects of dentistry and perceptions of the future of dentistry seemed to relate to the need for postgraduate education. PMID:25246989

  4. University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry Updated: February 5, 2013

    E-print Network

    Goldman, Steven A.

    . Under pressure of fatigue, professional stress, or personal problems, students should strive to maintaiUniversity of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry Updated: February 5, 2013 MEDICAL STUDENT Student Promotions and Review Board (MSPRB) retains the right to review professionalism, behavioral

  5. Infection Control Practices among Dental Professionals in Shiraz Dentistry School, Iran

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mehrdad Askarian; Ojan Assadian

    Background: To assess the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice among Iranian dental healthcare professionals towards standard isolation precautions in Shiraz, Iran. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional survey which was conducted on 152 Iranian dental professionals (faculty and students) from School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. A self-administered questionnaire containing three parts (knowledge, attitude, and

  6. Titanium in dentistry: historical development, state of the art and future perspectives.

    PubMed

    Jorge, Juliana Ribeiro Pala; Barăo, Valentim Adelino; Delben, Juliana Aparecida; Faverani, Leonardo Perez; Queiroz, Thallita Pereira; Assunçăo, Wirley Gonçalves

    2013-06-01

    Titanium is a metallic element known by several attractive characteristics, such as biocompatibility, excellent corrosion resistance and high mechanical resistance. It is widely used in Dentistry, with high success rates, providing a favorable biological response when in contact with live tissues. Therefore, the objective of this study was to describe the different uses of titanium in Dentistry, reviewing its historical development and discoursing about its state of art and future perspective of its utilization. A search in the MEDLINE/PubMed database was performed using the terms 'titanium', 'dentistry' and 'implants'. The title and abstract of articles were read, and after this first screening 20 articles were selected and their full-texts were downloaded. Additional text books and manual search of reference lists within selected articles were included. Correlated literature showed that titanium is the most used metal in Implantology for manufacturing osseointegrated implants and their systems, with a totally consolidated utilization. Moreover, titanium can be also employed in prosthodontics to obtain frameworks. However, problems related to its machining, casting, welding and ceramic application for dental prosthesis are still limiting its use. In Endodontics, titanium has been used in association to nickel for manufacturing rotatory instruments, providing a higher resistance to deformation. However, although the different possibilities of using titanium in modern Dentistry, its use for prostheses frameworks still needs technological improvements in order to surpass its limitations. PMID:24431713

  7. A review of pediatric dentistry program websites: what are applicants learning about our programs?

    PubMed

    Lin, Jenn-Yih; Lee, Jung; Davidson, Bo; Farquharson, Kara; Shaul, Cheryl; Kim, Sara

    2010-06-01

    The purpose of this study was twofold: 1) to examine website content provided by U.S. and Canadian pediatric dentistry residency programs, and 2) to understand aspects of program websites that dental students report to be related to their interests. Sixty-eight program websites were reviewed by five interprofessional evaluators. A thirty-six-item evaluation form was organized into 1) program descriptive items listed on the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) website (n=21); 2) additional program descriptive items not listed on the AAPD website but of interest (n=9); and 3) items related to website interface design (n=5). We also surveyed fifty-four dental students regarding their interest in various aspects of program descriptions. The results of this study suggest that pediatric dentistry residency programs in general tend to provide identical or less information than what is listed on the AAPD website. The majority of respondents (76 percent) reported that residency program websites would be their first source of information about advanced programs. The greatest gap between the available website information and students' interests exists in these areas: stipend and tuition information, state licensure, and program strengths. Pediatric dentistry residency programs underutilize websites as a marketing and recruitment tool and should incorporate more information in areas of students' priority interests. PMID:20516305

  8. Rethinking the Role of Community-Based Clinical Education in Pediatric Dentistry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Thikkurissy; Michael L. Rowland; Canise Y. Bean; Ashok Kumar; Kevin Levings; Paul S. Casamassimo

    The early childhood caries epidemic has prompted a look at predoctoral clinical dental education in pediatric dentistry. The purpose of this study was to examine the contribution of community-based clinical education (CBE) to procedural and patient diversity in predoctoral pediatric dental education. Using procedural and demographic data from pediatric clinical experi- ences of the dental class of 2007 at The

  9. An Analysis of the Operation of the University of Mississippi School of Dentistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barber, James A.; And Others

    The effectiveness of the financial management practices and the efficiency of the operations of the University of Mississippi School of Dentistry were evaluated, and recommendations to improve operations were offered by the legislative review committee. While the primary emphasis was effective cost management, attention was also directed to: the…

  10. Lessons Learned from the Competency-Based Curriculum Initiative at Baylor College of Dentistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCann, Ann L.; Babler, William J.; Cohen, Peter A.

    1998-01-01

    Chronicles development of the Baylor College of Dentistry (Texas) competency-based curriculum and outlines 11 lessons learned concerning strategic planning, external accountability, value of significant and continuing faculty participation, administrative support structures, linking planning and assessment, using multiple assessment methods,…

  11. Cost of Treatment Procedures in the National Preventive Dentistry Demonstration Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foch, Craig B.; And Others

    The National Preventive Dentistry Demonstration Program (NPDDP) delivered five different regimens of school based preventive dental care to groups of children in 10 American cities between 1977 and 1981. All clinical techniques employed had previously been demonstrated to be both safe and effective in clinical trials. The purpose of the NPDDP was…

  12. Teacher and Principal Survey Results in the National Preventive Dentistry Demonstration Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Stephen P.; And Others

    The National Preventive Dentistry Demonstration Program was conducted to assess the costs and benefits of combinations of school-based preventive dental care procedures. The program involved almost 30,000 elementary school children from 10 sites across the country. Classroom procedures, such as weekly fluoride mouthrinse, were administered or…

  13. Program Review Report on the College of Dentistry, University of Florida.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christiansen, Richard

    The programs offered by the College of Dentistry at the University of Florida (UF) were reviewed by an outside consultant in order to provide information on the State University System's vision of the college and its mission for Florida, the support base for the program, and current directions and anticipated fiscal and human forces that help…

  14. ChemEd DL

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Chemistry Educational Digital Library (ChemEd DL) was created to serve as a "destination for digital content intended for chemical science education." The partners responsible for this digital portal include the National Science Digital Library (NSDL), the Journal of Chemical Education, and The Chemistry Collective. The homepage has sections that are titled with playful directives: "Observe!", "Explore!", and "Explain!" Each of these sections contains helpful images and videos that can be used as stand-alone interactive activities, or they can be incorporated into a classroom setting. At the top of the homepage, visitor can use the "Collections" area to make their way through data-driven exercises, digital demonstrations, and "living textbooks". Additionally, the "Communities" area features smaller discrete communities that deal with the teaching of physical chemistry, organic chemistry, and general chemistry.

  15. EconEdLink

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The EconEdLink site was created by the National Council on Economic Education in partnership with MCI. The aim of the site is to create "a portfolio of web sites offering rich academic content" that can be integrated into classroom activities. There are three sections at the site. The CyberTeach section provides links to useful educational web sites and also includes a guide to constructing economics lessons using the Internet. Net Newsline features analyses of current economic issues from economists, and interactive lessons and forums. The Economics Minute section helps students interpret the economics behind the news of the week by linking to news sources, providing classroom discussion questions and suggested classroom activities.

  16. Effects of Using a Neuroeducational Intervention to Enhance Perseverance for Online EdD and EdS Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cadle, Charles R.

    2013-01-01

    Developing and maintaining a "completion mindset" is a necessary mental condition for online educational doctorate (EdD) and educational specialist (EdS) students to obtain their advanced degrees. The purpose of this research study was to examine the effect of a neuroeducational intervention on a volunteer convenience sample of EdD and…

  17. Knowledge and attitude of pediatricians and Family Physicians in Chennai on Pediatric Dentistry: A survey

    PubMed Central

    Nammalwar, Rangeeth Bollam; Rangeeth, Priyaa

    2012-01-01

    Background: The aim of this study was to study the knowledge and attitude of the pediatricians and family physicians on the dental counterpart, i.e. pediatric dentistry and the objective of this study were to determine what can improve the knowledge and attitude on pediatric dentistry and suggest certain methodologies to more participation of physicians in improving oral health. Materials and Methods: A systematic random survey of 400 pediatricians and 400 family physicians received a questionnaire pertaining to individual details, approach towards pediatric dentistry, knowledge level and the training on oral health received. Results: Most of pediatricians and family physicians acknowledged the importance of pediatric dentistry. Less of pediatricians and more of family physicians predicted the parents may pose a barrier for referral. More number of pediatricians were aware of the oral benefits of breast feeding when compared to the family physician. Most of the practitioners in both groups were less aware of the first dental visit including ECC. Acknowledgement of the role in cleft lip and palate was more or less same in both groups of practitioners were as the effect of systemic disease on oral health was recognized by more number of pediatricians. Only a small percentage in both the groups acknowledged the cariogenicity of medicated syrups, which was substantiated by the fact that only a small number of physicians underwent dental training and most of them were accepting to undergo training. Conclusion: When basic medical training is provided in dental school, medical schools can also provide dental training. Dental lectures can also be incorporated into CME programs and recognition of pediatric dentistry by providing referral to needy patients have been suggested. PMID:23559920

  18. Intraoral Laser Welding (ILW) in Implant Prosthetic Dentistry: Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Fornaini, Carlo; Merigo, Elisabetta; Cernavin, Igor; Lňpez de Castro, Gonzalo; Vescovi, Paolo

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this clinical study was to describe the possibility of using the Nd:YAG laser device utilized in the dental offices to weld metals intraorally. The authors, before applying this technique “in vivo” on human subjects, tested the “in vitro” metal welding efficacy of dental Nd:YAG device firstly by interferometry, SEM, and EDS and subsequently by thermal camera and thermocouples in order to record temperature changes during the welding process on bovine jaws. Four implants were inserted in the edentulous maxillary arch of a 67 years old male patient. Immediately after that, a bar previously made by the dental technician was intraorally welded to the abutments by Nd:YAG laser (Fidelis Plus III, Fotona, Slovenia) with these parameters: 9.90?mJ, 1?Hz, 15?msec, 0.6?mm spot. Then the prosthesis was connected to the bar with four OT Caps. This clinical study, even if preliminary, suggests that laser welding technique may be intraorally used without side effects. PMID:22924134

  19. The EdGCM Cooperative

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mark Chandler

    The EdGCM (Global Climate Model) Cooperative provides a free NASA GCM that allows high school and university teachers and students to run experiments identical to those scientists run on supercomputers to simulate past and future climate changes. The goal of the project is to improve the quality of teaching and learning of climate-change science through broader access to GCMs and provide teachers with the technology and materials to use the models effectively. The EdGCM runs on a desktop computer and is available for download to both Mac and Windows platforms. This website describes the EdGCM project, contains links to downloads, information about science standards and technology support. Students and teachers can also find EdGCM simulations in the simulation exchange.

  20. Metodologia Laboratorial: Controle de Qualidade em Radiologia (Odontologia) Methodology Laboratorial: Control of Quality Control in Radiology (Dentistry)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luiz Carlos PARDINI; Plauto Christopher; Aranha WATANABE; Solange Aparecida; Caldeira MONTEIRO

    The authors present pedagogical model of teaching and learning in Radiology (Dentistry) with emphasis on laboratory methodology. The main goal is to train the students to the skills and competencies for Higher Education (Methodology Laboratorial).

  1. Network Working Group S. Floyd, Ed. Request for Comments: 3714 J. Kempf, Ed.

    E-print Network

    Floyd, Sally

    Network Working Group S. Floyd, Ed. Request for Comments: 3714 J. Kempf, Ed. Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 4.3. DCCP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Floyd & Kempf Informational [Page

  2. The role of stereopsis (three-dimensional vision) in dentistry: review of the current literature.

    PubMed

    Syrimi, M; Ali, N

    2015-05-22

    Clinical dental work is placing increasing demands on a clinician's vision as new techniques that require fine detail become more common. High hand-eye coordination requires good visual acuity as well as other psychological and neurological qualities such as stereopsis. Stereopsis (three-dimensional vision) is the highest form of depth perception obtained by visual disparity of images formed in the retinas of two eyes. It is believed to confer functional benefits on everyday tasks such as hand-eye coordination. Although its role in depth perception has long been established, little is known regarding the importance of stereopsis in dentistry. This article reviews the role of stereopsis in everyday life and the available literature on the importance of stereopsis in dentistry. PMID:25998354

  3. Role of Ozone Therapy in Minimal Intervention Dentistry and Endodontics - A Review

    PubMed Central

    A, Shilpa Reddy; Reddy, Narender; Dinapadu, Sainath; Reddy, Manoranjan; Pasari, Srikanth

    2013-01-01

    Ozone has been successfully used in medical field since many years owing to its oxidizing property making it an excellent antimicrobial agent. Moreover its potent anti-inflammatory property along with favorable cellular and humoral immune response made ozone an effective therapeutic agent. Also its ability to arrest and reverse carious lesions in a predictable way opened up a new chapter in minimal intervention dentistry. Furthermore its efficacy in curbing resistant poly microbial root canal flora appears very promising. This article is based on information through valid textbooks, peer reviews, journals and medline/pubmed search. How to cite this article: Reddy S A, Reddy N, Dinapadu S, Reddy M, Pasari S. Role of Ozone Therapy in Minimal Intervention Dentistry and Endodontics - A Review. J Int Oral Health 2013; 5(3):102-108. PMID:24155611

  4. Cold Atmospheric Plasma: methods of production and application in dentistry and oncology.

    PubMed

    Hoffmann, Clotilde; Berganza, Carlos; Zhang, John

    2013-01-01

    Cold Atmospheric Plasma is an ionized gas that has recently been extensively studied by researchers as a possible therapy in dentistry and oncology. Several different gases can be used to produce Cold Atmospheric Plasma such as Helium, Argon, Nitrogen, Heliox, and air. There are many methods of production by which cold atmospheric plasma is created. Each unique method can be used in different biomedical areas. In dentistry, researchers have mostly investigated the antimicrobial effects produced by plasma as a means to remove dental biofilms and eradicate oral pathogens. It has been shown that reactive oxidative species, charged particles, and UV photons play the main role. Cold Atmospheric Plasma has also found a minor, but important role in tooth whitening and composite restoration. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that Cold Atmospheric Plasma induces apoptosis, necrosis, cell detachment, and senescence by disrupting the S phase of cell replication in tumor cells. This unique finding opens up its potential therapy in oncology. PMID:24083477

  5. New York dentistry a century and a quarter ago. Selections from an upstate dentist's diary.

    PubMed

    Ring, M E

    1997-12-01

    Charles C. Elmendorf, a dentist in the upstate New York village of Penn Yan, kept a daily diary from 1863 to 1910. The author has selected the years 1872 and 1873 for examination, since these were years of major ferment in the practice of dentistry. The foot-treadle drill was invented, the use of the rubber dam and cohesive gold foil became standard practice. Dentists were struggling to use the newly introduced anesthetics. Organized dentistry was in its infancy and licensing was not yet adopted. The profession was also plagued by swarms of poorly trained or even untrained men who entered the field, and by the extortion of dentists by the Goodyear Dental Rubber Co., a practice that ended only after a rousing fight led by the eminent Dr. S.S. White, and a sensational murder case. PMID:9458688

  6. 77 FR 9664 - Funds for Leadership Training in Pediatric Dentistry's Current Grantees; One-Year Extension

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-17

    The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) will be issuing a non-competitive one-year extension with funds for the Leadership Training in Pediatric Dentistry awards to Columbia University, The Regents of the University of California and the University of Washington. Up to $196,506 per grantee will be awarded over a one-year extended project period. The Leadership Training in......

  7. Attitudes of Contemporary Parents Toward Behavior Management Techniques Used in Pediatric Dentistry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonathan J. Eaton; Dennis J. McTigue; Henry W. Fields; F. Michael Beck

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: The objective of this study was to examine parental attitudes toward behavior management techniques currently used in pediatric dentistry. Methods: Fifty-five parents viewed videotaped scenes of 8 behavior management tech- niques being used during actual pediatric dental treatment. The 8 techniques shown were: (1) tell-show-do; (2) nitrous oxide sedation; (3) passive restraint; (4) voice control; (5) hand-over-mouth; (6) oral

  8. Conundrums in merging public policy into private dentistry: experiences from Australia's recent past.

    PubMed

    Lam, Raymond; Kruger, Estie; Tennant, Marc

    2015-04-01

    Oral disease continues to be a major problem in Australia impacting quality of life, the economy and broader health system. Although the understanding of caries and periodontal disease has improved along with increased government support, oral diseases continue to be the most prevalent among all health conditions. This is despite unprecedented levels of funding in the Chronic Disease Dental Scheme and the Teen Dental Plan. Access to primary care dentistry in the private sector, where the majority of dental services are provided, remains a critical issue. Under the current system of dentistry, it cannot be assumed that the practice of dentistry represents a prioritised approach to combat disease patterns based on scientific evidence in primary health and prevention. Drawing on data in relation to these two programs, the present study highlights issues impacting dental service provision. This includes issues such as access and affordability to dental care, sustainability of policy and its unintended consequences, private practice pressures and the impact of remuneration on treatment. This paper argues that without structural reform there will continue to be barriers in implementing policies capable of improving oral health. PMID:25514236

  9. Two-Year Success Rate of Implant-Retained Mandibular Overdentures by Novice General Dentistry Residents.

    PubMed

    Malmstrom, Hans; Xiao, Jin; Romanos, Georgios; Ren, Yan-Fang

    2015-06-01

    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the clinical success and patient satisfaction when dental implant-retained mandibular overdentures are placed and restored by novice general dentistry residents. A total of 50 subjects who were dissatisfied with their mandibular complete dentures were enrolled in the study. Two dental implants were placed in the anterior mandible between the mental foramina by novice general dentistry residents under the direct supervision of the principal investigator. The resident attached the denture to the implants 3 to 4 months later using locator attachments. The implant success rate was determined by measuring bone loss, mobility, pocket probing depth, and gingival and plaque indices. Subjects were asked to complete a satisfaction questionnaire with the prosthesis at 3 months, 1 year, and 2 years after overdenture delivery. A total of 100 implants were placed in the 50 study subjects. Of these, 2 implants were lost in 1 subject, and 1 subject died due to unrelated causes. Of the 48 remaining subjects, 45 have had their implants restored with overdentures. The subjects' overall satisfaction with fit and ability to chew hard foods with their mandibular overdentures improved significantly (P < .05) following the denture attachment to the dental implants. We conclude that novice general dentistry residents can successfully place mandibular implants and restore them with overdentures under direct supervision, subsequently enhancing the subjects' satisfaction with their mandibular dentures. PMID:24188137

  10. Arnold's Problems by Vladimir I. Arnold (ed.)

    E-print Network

    Tabachnikov, Sergei

    was Gelfand's Seminar; see [12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20] for collection of papers representing of the seminar: undergraduate students, graduate students and established researchers. Concerning participation number of mandatory courses in mathematics. Starting with the 3-rd year, undergrad- uate students

  11. Dentistry – a professional contained career in healthcare. A qualitative study of Vocational Dental Practitioners' professional expectations

    PubMed Central

    Gallagher, Jennifer E; Clarke, Wendy; Eaton, Kenneth A; Wilson, Nairn HF

    2007-01-01

    Background New graduates in the UK presently spend one year in training as Vocational Dental Practitioners (VDPs) in preparation for primary dental care. There is a growing recognition that the emerging workforce has very different professional expectations to those of earlier generations, with implications for the profession, patients and the performance of health systems. The objectives of this study were to investigate why VDPs' in England and Wales perceive they chose dentistry as a professional career; how they perceive their vision has changed and the implications for their professional career plans, both short- and longterm. Methods Purposive sampling of schemes was undertaken to include urban, rural and metropolitan schemes, schemes in areas with and without dental schools and geographic coverage across England and Wales. All VDPs in these schemes were initiated to participate in this qualitative study using focus groups. A topic guide was utilised to standardise data collection. Informants' views were recorded on tape and in field notes. Data were transcribed and analysed using Framework Methodology. Results A total of 99 VDPs participated in the 10 focus groups. Their choice of dentistry as a professional career was motivated by multiple categories of influence: 'academic', 'healthcare', 'lifestyle', the influence of 'family', 'friends', 'careers advice' and 'work experience'. Consideration of the features of the 'professional job' appears to have been key to their choice of dentistry and the 'active rejection of medicine' as an alternative career. Entry into the profession was proving a challenging process for some but not all VDPs. Informants perceived that their vision had been moderated as a result of 'personal student debt', 'national workforce initiatives', 'limitations on clinical practice' and the 'cost of additional training'. Short term goals focused around 'recovery from the past' and 'preparation for the future'. Longterm goals covered the spectrum of opportunities within dentistry. Factors influencing VDPs longterm career plans fell into six main categories: professional, personal, financial, political, social and cultural. Conclusion VDPs chose dentistry because they perceived that it provides a financially lucrative, contained career in healthcare, with professional status, job security and the opportunity to work flexibly. They perceive that their vision is challenged by changes affecting education and the healthcare system. Longterm professional expectations were closely linked with their personal lives and support a vision of a favourable work/life balance. PMID:18005452

  12. Master Gardener Advisory Committee Members Ed Thralls Advisor Extension Agent ed.thralls@ocfl.net

    E-print Network

    Jawitz, James W.

    Master Gardener Advisory Committee Members 2014 Ed Thralls Advisor Extension Agent ed.thralls@ocfl.net Ed Paulson Chair Master Gardener ed.paulson@me.com Rodge Selch Vice-Chair Master Gardener selchr@me.com Pam Paisley Member Master Gardener pppaisley@earthlink.net Dailey Smith Member Master Gardener pirate

  13. AAMC MedEdPORTAL

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Association of American Medical Colleges

    2008-01-01

    MedEdPORTAL is a free peer-reviewed publication service and repository for medical and oral health teaching materials, assessment tools, and faculty development resources. All copyright and patient privacy issues are addressed during the submission process so users around the globe can download and utilize any and all of the published resources for educational purposes without legal infringements.

  14. Book Reviews Yoshihiro Hamakawa (Ed.)

    E-print Network

    Prentiss, Mara

    very briefly and not treated in more depth in a separate chapter even though CdTe- based solar cellsBook Reviews Yoshihiro Hamakawa (Ed.) Thin-Film Solar Cells Next Generation Photovoltaics and Its the field of thin-film solar cells or curious about this area. As such it works fine with the exception

  15. Review of nanomaterials in dentistry: interactions with the oral microenvironment, clinical applications, hazards, and benefits.

    PubMed

    Besinis, Alexandros; De Peralta, Tracy; Tredwin, Christopher J; Handy, Richard D

    2015-03-24

    Interest in the use of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) as either nanomedicines or dental materials/devices in clinical dentistry is growing. This review aims to detail the ultrafine structure, chemical composition, and reactivity of dental tissues in the context of interactions with ENMs, including the saliva, pellicle layer, and oral biofilm; then describes the applications of ENMs in dentistry in context with beneficial clinical outcomes versus potential risks. The flow rate and quality of saliva are likely to influence the behavior of ENMs in the oral cavity, but how the protein corona formed on the ENMs will alter bioavailability, or interact with the structure and proteins of the pellicle layer, as well as microbes in the biofilm, remains unclear. The tooth enamel is a dense crystalline structure that is likely to act as a barrier to ENM penetration, but underlying dentinal tubules are not. Consequently, ENMs may be used to strengthen dentine or regenerate pulp tissue. ENMs have dental applications as antibacterials for infection control, as nanofillers to improve the mechanical and bioactive properties of restoration materials, and as novel coatings on dental implants. Dentifrices and some related personal care products are already available for oral health applications. Overall, the clinical benefits generally outweigh the hazards of using ENMs in the oral cavity, and the latter should not prevent the responsible innovation of nanotechnology in dentistry. However, the clinical safety regulations for dental materials have not been specifically updated for ENMs, and some guidance on occupational health for practitioners is also needed. Knowledge gaps for future research include the formation of protein corona in the oral cavity, ENM diffusion through clinically relevant biofilms, and mechanistic investigations on how ENMs strengthen the tooth structure. PMID:25625290

  16. Examining Whether Dental Therapists Constitute a Disruptive Innovation in US Dentistry

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Dental therapists—midlevel dental providers who are roughly analogous to nurse practitioners in medicine—might constitute a disruptive innovation within US dentistry. Proponents tend to claim that dental therapists will provide more equitable access to dental care; opponents tend to view them from a perspective that focuses on retaining the current attributes of the dental profession. Therapists display traits similar to those of disruptive innovations: their attributes are different from dentists’, they may not initially be valued by current dental patients, they may appeal to current dental underutilizers, and they may transform the dental delivery system. Whether dental therapists constitute a disruptive innovation will only be determined retrospectively. PMID:21852623

  17. Ozone and its usage in general medicine and dentistry. A review article.

    PubMed

    Seidler, V; Linetskiy, I; Hubálková, H; Stanková, H; Smucler, R; Mazánek, J

    2008-01-01

    Ozone, an allotropic form of oxygen, is successfully used in the treatment of different diseases for more than a hundred years. It is highly valued for various effects, such as antimicrobial, antihypoxic, analgesic, immunostimulating etc. on biological systems. These mechanisms of action supported with a lot of case reports and scientific studies allow using it in different fields of medicine. This review of literature is another attempt to summarize different modalities of ozone application in dentistry. Further studies are necessary to standardize indications and treatment protocols of this promising medical agent. PMID:19097384

  18. Neural tube defects and their significance in clinical dentistry: a mini review.

    PubMed

    Garg, Anuradha; Utreja, Ashok; Singh, Satinder P; Angurana, Suresh K

    2013-02-01

    Neural tube defects are common congenital malformations that could be apparent at birth or manifested in later stages of life. Morbidity is high in anencephaly, whereas in spina bifida, there are neurological and motor disorders. These defects deserve paramount importance in clinical dentistry. Latex allergy, dental caries, difficulty in mouth opening, and sitting in a dental chair are common problems. There is a high risk of anaphylactic response during anaesthesia. There could be associated craniosynostosis causing maxillary deficiency, and malformed sella turcica might be seen. An association of the defects has been linked with orofacial clefts and Down syndrome. PMID:23255477

  19. ANNUAL CATALYST RESEARCH PROGRAM REPORT (3RD)

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report constitutes the Third Annual Report of the ORD Catalyst Research Program required by the Administrator as noted in his testimony before the Senate Public Works Committee on November 6, 1973. It includes all research aspects of this broad multi-disciplinary program inc...

  20. Internationalisation meeting -3rd October 2012

    E-print Network

    Malinnikova, Eugenia

    mathematical modelling for MRI data analysis Chair: Olav Haraldseth, NTNU 14:20 ­ 14:40 Predicting clinical and challenges Venue: Auditorium MTFS, Řya Campus Sponsors: NTNU ­ Internationalisation Grant 2012 and MI Lab-regenerative responses in animal models - Řystein Olsen, HIST 15:00 ­ 16:00 Session V ­ Translating basic research

  1. Peace Corps. 3rd Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peace Corps, Washington, DC.

    Projects, operations, and future plans are covered in this annual report for the third year of the Peace Corps. An introduction comments on returning volunteers and presents regional maps with tables for Latin America, Africa, Near East and South Asia, and Far East. Section 1 contains letters and reports from volunteers in Peru, Ivory Coast,…

  2. GEOBULLETIN FEBrUary 3rd

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    , 2012, 3:30 PM, Weeks Hall - Room AB20 Fossil Rainforests of Patagonian Fire Lakes relatives are large rainforest trees found not in South America but in Australasia, including the mountain rainforests of New Guinea and nearby tropical islands that are now more than 8,000 miles from the fossil sites

  3. Name Matthew Zuellig Year 3rd

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    in Mimulus Awards and Honors · 2013 Hightower Award for research on Mimulus · Poster, training grants, and research grants during graduate and undergraduate education and undergraduate students in science · Organizer of student reading groups in genetics Why

  4. Upcoming Dates Monday, Sept. 3rd

    E-print Network

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    . Above: The newly painted front area of the Big Hall. (To the left as you are entering the building. 5. Drink milk with meals and water with snacks: Dairy products can help kids (and adults) maintain a healthy weight, build strong bodies, and lower blood pressure. Water is always refreshing--and calorie

  5. GLASPPE/200916 3 rd November 2009

    E-print Network

    Glasgow, University of

    been evaluated for silicon pixel sensors [1][2] with promising results. This paper reports on a study a fully working front­end hybrid implemented on a full­size silicon sensor. But to study the influence. This technology permits to integrate the front­end hybrid, pitch adaptor and wire bonds on the silicon sensor

  6. 2014 no.20. October 3rd

    E-print Network

    are assisting. University Education Committee. The committee met on 12 September. Some highlights: Associate Group (WHS Enquiries ­ x52193 or email) 3. Why is the Employee Assistance Program (EAP) important? initiative recently introduced at the ANU Medical School to improve the student experience of learning

  7. Presenting the 3rd edition of WRB

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schad, Peter

    2014-05-01

    The third edition of the international soil classification system "World Reference Base for Soil Resources" (WRB) will be presented during der 20th World Congress of Soil Science, Jeju, Korea, June 9-12. The second edition was published in 2006 and the first in 1998, which, in turn, was based on the Legends of the FAO Soil Map of the World. Now, after eight years of experience with the second edition, time was due for a revision. The major changes are: 1. The second edition had two different qualifier sequences for naming soils (IUSS Working Group WRB, 2006, update 2007) and for creating map legends (Guidelines for creating small-scale map legends using the WRB; IUSS Working Group WRB, 2010). The third edition has one sequence for both. The qualifiers for every Reference Soil Group are subdivided into a small number of main qualifiers that are ranked and a larger number of additional qualifiers that are not ranked and given in an alphabetical order. The name of a pedon must comprise all applying qualifiers. The name of a map unit comprises a specified small number of main qualifiers, depending on scale, whereas all other qualifiers are optional. 2. For some soils, problems have been reported. Albeluvisols are difficult to detect in the field and cover only small surfaces. They have been replaced by Retisols, which have a broader definition that is easier to identify in the field. 3. The use of some diagnostics was difficult. Examples are: The argic horizon had too low limit values, so we had much more soils with argic horizons than justified. The definitions of the cambic horizon and the gleyic and stagnic properties were not precise enough. Organic material, mollic and umbric horizons had an unnecessary complicated definition. 4. Some changes in the key to the Reference Soil Groups seemed to be justified. Fluvisols were moved further down, Durisols and Gypsisols switched their position, also Arenosols and Cambisols. The soils with an argic horizon were brought into a new sequence. 5. The umbrella function of WRB aims to allow the allocation of soil classes existing in a national classification system within the WRB. Characteristics that in a national system are regarded to be important must be considered in WRB - not necessarily at the highest level, but at least somewhere. The third edition of WRB allows a better accommodation of soil types, e.g., of the Australian and the Brazilian system. 6. Some environments or even ecoregions had not been well represented in WRB. The third edition allows a better accommodation of soils of ultra-continental permafrost regions, acid-sulphate soils and Technosols. 7. How to explain complicated sets of characteristics? For the third edition, efforts were made to give better structured definitions that can be more easily grasped. The editors of the third edition are convinced that the new WRB allows a more precise classification of soils including both, a better naming of pedons and a better elaboration of soil map legends.

  8. Schoolhouse Systems Project: SSP. 3rd Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee.

    This brochure provides statistical bid breakdown for Programs 1A and 2 of the Florida Schoolhouse Systems Project. Tabular information is provided on bidders, compatible building subsystems, bid tabulation by compatibility, "per school" building subsystems, nominated bidders and lump sums, and a comparison of programs 1A and 2 bids. Data presented…

  9. ZEUS0042a 3rd December 2012

    E-print Network

    Buse, Karsten

    and Nucl. Phys. B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 4.4.4 Journal Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3 Definition of frequently used words, phrases, abbreviations, acronyms and mathematical symbols constructions frequently used in our papers . . . . . . . . . 15 3.2 Abbreviations

  10. BOOK REVIEW: Modern Physics, 3rd edn

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lovett, David

    1999-09-01

    The number of broadly based physics texts written at a level corresponding to second year and above of UK physics degrees is limited. This is such a book thoroughly updated in a third edition, the first edition having been published 20 years ago. The book is unusual in that the reader is referred to the Freeman website www.whfreeman.com/physics for some additional sections. It will be interesting to see whether this proves to be an attractive feature. The coverage reflects the US emphasis on topics and contains both theoretical and experimental details. It should not be regarded as an introductory text although it is clearly written. Thus the first two chapters take the reader straight into relativity, concentrating mainly on special relativity but going on to general relativity. From here the reader is led to ideas of quantization of charge, light and energy, followed by an exploration of the nuclear atom, wavelike properties of particles and Schrödinger's equation. Solution of this equation for the hydrogen atom introduces a section on spectroscopy. The next chapter on statistical physics includes Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein statistics and brings to a close Part 1, which concentrates on the theoretical groundwork. Consistent with its title, the book does not cover traditional aspects of thermodynamics and electromagnetic theory. Part 2 is entitled `Applications' and begins with a chapter on molecular structure and spectra. Lasers and masers are included here but geometrical, physical and nonlinear optics get limited or no coverage. Solid state physics follows but, despite the title of the book, there is little on modern devices, although the section on superconductivity mentions high temperature materials. The chapters on nuclear physics, fission, fusion reactors and medical applications and a chapter on particle physics are comprehensive. Finally a chapter on astrophysics and cosmology is referred to, but the reader must find this at the website. As this is an attractive chapter it is a pity that it is not printed within the book. Although viewing the chapter on the Web gives the benefit of full colour, it is not easy to read the textual information off the screen. Within the printed material, there are good diagrams with the addition of a single colour, burgundy, a colour that is wasted on those of us who are red-green colour-blind! Each chapter is provided with an impressive number of graded problems (it is not easy to provide such a comprehensive range of problems at this level) and numerical answers are given in the back for every third problem. There is a student solution manual available for these problems and a complete instructor's solution manual has also been produced. It is therefore a useful book for both students and lecturers.

  11. Seals and sealing handbook, 3rd edition

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    This paper reports on the developments in sealing technology and it is packed with practical information tables and graphs. It reports on basic principles definitions, mechanics of sealing, seal friction, surface texture, wear and seal life, safety and environmental health; materials alloys, properties of elastomers, elastomeric materials, plastic polymers, carbon graphite, cemented carbides, miscellaneous seal materials, compatibility of seal materials; static seals gaskets, liquid sealants, self sealing fasteners, miscellaneous static seals; dynamic seals O-rings, hollow metal ring seals, split ring seals, flexible lip seals, composite seals, exclusion seals, wipers and scrapers, compression packings.

  12. February 3rd Dear School District Professional,

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    to a single-sex cabin of ten children per group. Two counselors, who are Cal State Fullerton students conflict with the final week of school, depending on which school district the particular child attends. Children eligible to attend camp must be from a low-income family, a foster child, an AFDC child

  13. Prospective utility of therapeutic ultrasound in dentistry—Review with recent comprehensive update

    PubMed Central

    Rai, Shalu; Kaur, Mandeep; Goel, Sumit; Panjwani, Sapna; Singh, Shailly

    2012-01-01

    Background: The utility of ultrasound (US) for therapeutic purposes is still in its infancy. Therapeutic US (TUS) has been used widely in medical field for urological application, surgical intervention, bone healing, and osteointegration in cancer and healing of full thickness excised skin lesions, and within dentistry as a prediagnostic, diagnostic and therapeutic purpose. The purpose of the paper is to review and determine the efficacy of US as one of the treatment modalities for its role in maxillofacial region to reduce pain and promote soft tissue healing. Materials and Methods: A Medline search included of the international literature published between 1976 and 2011 and was restricted to English language articles, published work of past researchers including in vitro and in vivo studies, recent additions of textbooks on surgical and therapeutic applications of US and, current articles in conference papers and reports accessed from the internet using Google search engine on therapeutic ultrasound. Results: Very few article regarding effect of therapeutic of US for its use of insonation for treatment of patient with pain and soft tissue injury are available. This review article mainly emphasizes the therapeutic utility of US in dentistry for its effectiveness to decrease joint stiffness, reduce pain and muscle spasms and improve muscle mobility. In vivo studies have shown very little clinical effects. Conclusions: Further research is warranted in this clinically important area to make the development of noninvasive, multifunctional ultrasound devices for repair, regeneration and other therapeutic utility a success. PMID:23326778

  14. Perioral soft-tissue rejuvenation techniques to enhance esthetic restorative dentistry.

    PubMed

    Niamtu, Joseph

    2003-11-01

    Every practitioner has the obligation to offer his or her patients the latest advances in their profession. Dentistry has made a shift over the past 50 years from caries restoration and prosthetic replacement to preventative and esthetic rejuvenation. Related dental specialties have also blossomed with new procedures and an expanded scope of practice. This shift has also included more comprehensive care and treatment of the oral and maxillofacial region. Modern esthetic dentists realize the facial soft tissues serve as a frame for their restorative artwork. Contemporary oral and maxillofacial surgery includes cosmetic facial surgery. Procedures for such surgery are taught in oral and maxillofacial surgery residency programs, are part of the oral and maxillofacial surgery board exams, and are covered by oral and maxillofacial surgery malpractice companies. Esthetic dentists should understand facial aging, as well as the basic procedures available for facial rejuvenation by the oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Contemporary esthetic dentistry goes beyond the oral cavity, and the smile is truly enhanced by simultaneous facial rejuvenation. This article discusses the process of perioral facial aging and various cosmetic facial surgery options. PMID:18624129

  15. Cone beam computed tomography in dentistry: what dental educators and learners should know.

    PubMed

    Adibi, Shawn; Zhang, Wenjian; Servos, Tom; O'Neill, Paula N

    2012-11-01

    Recent advances in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in dentistry have identified the importance of providing outcomes related to the appropriate use of this innovative technology to practitioners, educators, and investigators. To assist in determining whether and what types of evidence exist, the authors conducted PubMed, Google, and Cochrane Library searches in the spring of 2011 using the key words "cone beam computed tomography and dentistry." This search resulted in over 26,900 entries in more than 700 articles including forty-one reviews recently published in national and international journals. This article is based on existing publications and studies and will provide readers with an overview of the advantages, disadvantages, and indications/contraindications of this emerging technology as well as some thoughts on the current educational status of CBCT in U.S. dental schools. It is the responsibility of dental educators to incorporate the most updated information on this technology into their curricula in a timely manner, so that the next generation of oral health providers and educators will be competent in utilizing this technology for the best interest of patients. To do so, there is a need to conduct studies meeting methodological standards to demonstrate the diagnostic efficacy of CBCT in the dental field. PMID:23144478

  16. Evidence-based dentistry for you and me. The challenge of using a new educational tool.

    PubMed

    Moskowitz, Elliott M

    2009-11-01

    Evidence-based dentistry (EBD) is a relatively new term in the dental profession. EBD has been the center of intense interest, discussion, confusion and concern for academics, dental practitioners and other interested health care communities. The term implies that sound, evidentially based information will help the clinician improve treatment outcomes in a more consistent and predictable manner. How does this new model of education differ from previous models? And how can the clinician use this new model in an effective and practical manner? There seems to be a number of questions about EBD that remain insufficiently answered. EBD demands that the dental practitioner become the premier educated consumer of relevant information. Accessing, appraising and applying new clinical information are key elements of the EBD process. While many colleagues embrace potential opportunities that dentistry might enjoy as a result of the judicious use of EBD, others have raised concerns about the possible misuse of such information that might be inappropriately interpreted to the detriment of the individual patient and dental profession. Clearly, EBD is a potentially powerful informational tool that must be used cautiously and wisely. PMID:20069789

  17. Student learning outcomes associated with video vs. paper cases in a public health dentistry course.

    PubMed

    Chi, Donald L; Pickrell, Jacqueline E; Riedy, Christine A

    2014-01-01

    Educational technologies such as video cases can improve health professions student learning outcomes, but few studies in dentistry have evaluated video-based technologies. The goal of this study was to compare outcomes associated with video and paper cases used in an introductory public health dentistry course. This was a retrospective cohort study with a historical control group. Based on dual coding theory, the authors tested the hypotheses that dental students who received a video case (n=37) would report better affective, cognitive, and overall learning outcomes than students who received a paper case (n=75). One-way ANOVA was used to test the hypotheses across ten cognitive, two affective, and one general assessment measures (?=0.05). Students in the video group reported a significantly higher overall mean effectiveness score than students in the paper group (4.2 and 3.3, respectively; p<0.001). Video cases were also associated with significantly higher mean scores across the remaining twelve measures and were effective in helping students achieve cognitive (e.g., facilitating good discussions, identifying public health problems, realizing how health disparities might impact their future role as dentists) and affective (e.g., empathizing with vulnerable individuals, appreciating how health disparities impact real people) goals. Compared to paper cases, video cases significantly improved cognitive, affective, and overall learning outcomes for dental students. PMID:24385521

  18. Undergraduate education in special needs dentistry in Malaysian and Australian dental schools.

    PubMed

    Ahmad, Mas S; Razak, Ishak A; Borromeo, Gelsomina L

    2014-08-01

    Meeting the oral health care needs of the growing population of people with special health care needs (SHCN) starts with dental students' acquisition of sound knowledge and development of clinical competence at the predoctoral level. The aim of this study was to review the level of undergraduate education in Special Needs Dentistry (SND) in Malaysian and Australian dental schools. The deans of all six Malaysian public dental schools and eight of nine Australian dental schools participated in a postal survey on current undergraduate didactic and clinical training in SND at their institutions. The results showed the number of dental schools in Malaysia with teaching in SND as a specific discipline was relatively low compared to that of Australia. However, a high percentage of Malaysian and Australian dental schools reported incorporating teaching of SND into pediatric dentistry (83.3 percent vs. 75 percent), oral medicine/oral pathology (66.7 percent vs. 75 percent), and oral surgery (66.7 percent vs. 25 percent). Most respondents said their school delivered SND clinical training in dental school clinics, hospital-based settings, and residential aged care facilities. Respondents in both countries viewed lack of faculty expertise as the greatest barrier to providing SND education. The study provides valuable information that can direct SND curriculum development in the two countries. PMID:25086148

  19. J Am Coll Dent . Author manuscript Ethical reflection in dentistry: first steps at the Faculty of Dental Surgery of

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    J Am Coll Dent . Author manuscript Page /1 5 Ethical reflection in dentistry: first steps. A written survey was given to the heads of departments and to the 6th year students and also to the dental of the sixties and the advent of autonomy for the Faculties of Dental Surgery in France, the teaching

  20. Electronic Course Reserves Guidelines for Dentistry Faculty Electronic course reserves are available through Blackboard, the URMC course management system.

    E-print Network

    Goldman, Steven A.

    are available through Blackboard, the URMC course management system. Electronic course reserves allow students computer with Internet access. Bibby Library will place on electronic reserve for a specific Dentistry and extend to reserve readings as well. Following are Bibby Library's policies for the use of electronic

  1. Cosmetic Dentistry

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to one-hour visits to your dentist's office. ; Bonding ; Bonding is tooth-colored material used to fill in ... color of teeth. Requiring a single office visit, bonding lasts several years. Bonding is more susceptible to ...

  2. BioEd Online: Homeostasis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-05-21

    This presentation from Baylor College of Medicine's BioEd Online website provides a great introduction to the topic of homeostasis. Students will watch a presentation from Wade Haaland and view the accompanying slides. The entire program's running time is 36:19, and students may skip around the lecture by choosing from the slides on the right hand side of the page. In addition to covering the basics of homeostasis, this presentation goes into the necessary components of a homeostatic system, disruption of homeostasis and more. Flash is required to view the presentation.

  3. Around Semipalatinsk nuclear test site: progress of dose estimations relevant to the consequences of nuclear tests (a summary of 3rd Dosimetry Workshop on the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site area, RIRBM, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, 9-11 of March, 2005).

    PubMed

    Stepanenko, Valeriy F; Hoshi, Masaharu; Bailiff, Ian K; Ivannikov, Alexander I; Toyoda, Shin; Yamamoto, Masayoshi; Simon, Steven L; Matsuo, Masatsugu; Kawano, Noriyuki; Zhumadilov, Zhaxybay; Sasaki, Masao S; Rosenson, Rafail I; Apsalikov, Kazbek N

    2006-02-01

    The paper is an analytical overview of the main results presented at the 3rd Dosimetry Workshop in Hiroshima(9-11 of March 2005), where different aspects of the dose reconstruction around the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site(SNTS) were discussed and summarized. The results of the international intercomparison of the retrospective luminescence dosimetry(RLD) method for Dolon' village(Kazakhstan) were presented at the Workshop and good concurrence between dose estimations by different laboratories from 6 countries (Japan, Russia, USA, Germany, Finland and UK) was pointed out. The accumulated dose values in brick for a common depth of 10mm depth obtained independently by all participating laboratories were in good agreement for all four brick samples from Dolon' village, Kazakhstan, with the average value of the local gamma dose due to fallout (near the sampling locations) being about 220 mGy(background dose has been subtracted).Furthermore, using a conversion factor of about 2 to obtain the free-in-air dose, a value of local dose approximately 440 mGy is obtained, which supports the results of external dose calculations for Dolon': recently published soil contamination data, archive information and new models were used for refining dose calculations and the external dose in air for Dolon village was estimated to be about 500 mGy. The results of electron spin resonance(ESR) dosimetry with tooth enamel have demonstrated the notable progress in application of ESR dosimetry to the problems of dose reconstruction around the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site. At the present moment, dose estimates by the ESR method have become more consistent with calculated values and with retrospective luminescence dosimetry data, but differences between ESR dose estimates and RLD/calculation data were noted. For example mean ESR dose for eligible tooth samples from Dolon' village was estimated to be about 140 mGy(above background dose), which is less than dose values obtained by RLD and calculations. A possible explanation of the differences between ESR and RLD/calculations doses is the following: for interpretation of ESR data the "shielding and behaviour" factors for investigated persons should be taken into account. The "upper level" of the combination of "shielding and behaviour" factors of dose reduction for inhabitants of Dolon' village of about 0.28 was obtained by comparing the individual ESR tooth enamel dose estimates with the calculated mean dose for this settlement. The biological dosimetry data related to the settlements near SNTS were presented at the Workshop. A higher incidence of unstable chromosome aberrations, micronucleus in lymphocytes, nuclear abnormalities of thyroid follicular cells, T-cell receptor mutations in peripheral blood were found for exposed areas (Dolon', Sarjal) in comparison with unexposed ones(Kokpekty). The significant greater frequency of stable translocations (results of analyses of chromosome aberrations in lymphocytes by the FISH technique) was demonstrated for Dolon' village in comparison with Chekoman(unexposed village). The elevated level of stable translocations in Dolon' corresponds to a dose of about 180 mSv, which is close to the results of ESR dosimetry for this village. The importance of investigating specific morphological types of thyroid nodules for thyroid dosimetry studies was pointed out. In general the 3rd Dosimetry Workshop has demonstrated remarkable progress in developing an international level of common approaches for retrospective dose estimations around the SNTS and in understanding the tasks for the future joint work in this direction. In the framework of a special session the problems of developing a database and registry in order to support epidemiological studies around SNTS were discussed. The results of investigation of psychological consequences of nuclear tests, which are expressed in the form of verbal behaviour, were presented at this session as well. PMID:16571923

  4. An evidence-based concept of implant dentistry. Utilization of short and narrow platform implants.

    PubMed

    Ruiz, Jose-Luis

    2012-09-01

    As a profession, we must remember that tooth replacement is not a luxury; it is often a necessity for health reasons. Although bone augmentation and CBCT and expensive surgical guides are often indicated for complex cases, they are being overused. Simple or straightforward implant cases, when there is sufficient natural bone for narrow or shorter implant, can be predictable performed by well-trained GPs and other trained specialists. Complex cases requiring bone augmentation and other complexities as described herein, should be referred to a surgical specialist. Implant courses and curricula have to be based on the level of complexity of implant surgery that each clinician wishes to provide to his or her patients. Using a "logical approach" to implant dentistry keeps cases simple or straightforward, and more accessible to patients by the correct use of narrow and shorter implants. PMID:23019853

  5. What's new in... the management of post-operative pain in dentistry.

    PubMed

    Taneja, Pankaj; Pattni, Amit; Pearson, David

    2015-01-01

    Post-operative pain is a common occurrence within dentistry. The causative factors are not solely dependent on the procedure but a part is also played by the patient's ability to self-cope as well as their level of anxiety. This article discusses the effectiveness of analgesia available for prescription by general dental practitioners based on systematic reviews in the literature, with particular reference to third molar removal. In addition, other methods that can help reduce pain in the post-operative period are addressed, including the types of local anaesthetic used for the procedure and psychological aspects of patient care. The main aim is to update and aid dentists' decision making processes in choosing ways to lessen the pain experienced by patients following dental procedures. PMID:25895231

  6. The use of haptics to predict preclinic operative dentistry performance and perceptual ability.

    PubMed

    Urbankova, Alice; Engebretson, Steven P

    2011-12-01

    The aim of this study was to test whether performance on a range of manual dexterity haptic simulator exercises was associated with preclinical operative dentistry examination and Perceptual Ability Test (PAT) scores. Thirty-nine first-year dental students were tested with three haptic exercises--straight line, circle, and mirror line--each performed twice. Haptic exercise outcomes for accuracy, time, and success rate were measured using commercially available computer software. Spearman correlation coefficients and Student's t-test were used to assess the results. PAT and exam scores were not significantly correlated. Significant correlations were observed between exam scores and both time and accuracy scores for the circle and mirror exams. These results suggest that haptic devices have a potential role in predicting performance in preclinical dental education. Further studies are warranted to develop and validate diagnostic testing strategies for dental students and to evaluate implementation of haptics in the dental teaching environment. PMID:22184593

  7. Factors influencing pursuit and satisfaction of academic dentistry careers: perceptions of new dental educators.

    PubMed

    Shepherd, K R; Nihill, P; Botto, R W; McCarthy, M W

    2001-09-01

    New dental educators (n = 280) with zero to five years full-time teaching experience were surveyed to ascertain their perceptions regarding salary, work environment, and workload to determine the impact of these factors on faculty recruitment and retention. Work environment was the most frequently reported factor for considering and maintaining an academic dentistry position. Educational resources, facilities, salary, and benefits were ranked as moderately important for considering an academic position. Mentoring, startup funds for research, and external private practice opportunities were also reported as moderately important for maintaining a position. Other factors of concern to new faculty included quality of administration and leadership, reputation of program, professional development opportunities, faculty autonomy, and reasonable criteria for tenure and promotion. These findings suggest that resources, strategies, and formal mentoring programs that provide direction and guidance in the areas of teaching, promotion, and tenure for new educators should be considered for implementation in our dental schools. PMID:11569599

  8. A systematic approach to deep caries removal end points: the peripheral seal concept in adhesive dentistry.

    PubMed

    Alleman, David S; Magne, Pascal

    2012-03-01

    The objective of this article is to present evidence-based protocols for the diagnosis and treatment of deep caries lesions in vital teeth. These protocols combine caries-detecting dye with anatomical and histologic knowledge to arrive at ideal caries removal end points for adhesive restorations. DIAGNOdent laser fluorescence technology can also be used to confirm these end points. These ideal caries removal end points generate a peripheral seal zone that can support long-term biomimetic restorations. A review of the published literature since 1980 on caries, caries diagnosis, and caries treatments and their relationships to adhesive bonding techniques was carried out. Combining anatomical measurements and pathologic and histologic knowledge with caries-detecting dye and DIAGNOdent laser fluorescence technologies can produce ideal caries removal end points for adhesive dentistry without exposing vital pulps. PMID:22299120

  9. [Prospects for the use of nanomaterials and high technology in dentistry. Part 1].

    PubMed

    Astashina, N B; Antsiferov, V N; Rogozhnikov, G I; Kacheniuk, M N; Kazakov, S V; Martiusheva, M V

    2014-01-01

    The paper presents the possibility of using biologically inert nanomaterials and high technology in prosthetic dentistry. Protective coating of nanostructured titanium VT1-00 magnetic elements of the locking system of removable dentures provides durability and biological inertness and high quality aesthetic design. In assessing the microstructure of titanium protective coating of ferromagnetic elements and samarium-cobalt magnets found that the nanocrystalline coating is formed, resistant to external influences, can significantly improve strength, technical and biological characteristics of samarium-cobalt magnets and ferromagnetic alloys. Fifteen patients were manufactured dentures with magnetic locks. The analysis of performance evaluation prosthetic treatment of patients with the use of the proposed prosthetic shows that the majority of patients (86.6%) obtained a good result. Patients registered restoration of aesthetic standards and the basic functions of dentition. PMID:24576967

  10. Bibliometric Analysis of Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (Dentistry Section; 2007-2014)

    PubMed Central

    Basavaraj, P; Singla, Ashish; Singh, Khushboo; Kundu, Hansa; Vashishtha, Vaibhav; Pandita, Venisha; Malhi, Ravneet

    2015-01-01

    Background: The role of scientific journals in diffusion of data concerning researches in the field of Public Health Dentistry is of premier importance. Bibliometric analysis involves analysis of publications reflecting the type of research work. Aim: The present study was conducted with an aim to determine the number and trends of published articles in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) from Feb. 2007 to Oct.2014. Settings and Design: A retrospective observational study was conducted for JCDR. Materials and Methods: All issues of JCDR were electronically searched for the parameters : study design, area of interest of research, state /college where research was conducted, authorship pattern, source of articles published each year, changing study trends, disease under study and publication bias. Statistical Analysis used: The data was organized and analyzed using software SPSS - version 21.0; descriptive statistics was used. Results: Bibliometric analysis was done for 601 articles of JCDR published from Feb. 2007 to Oct. 2014. The total number of articles published under Dentistry section have tremendously increased from mere 2 articles in 2007 to 328 articles in 2014.Majority of the study designs published in both the journal were case reports (42.6%) followed by cross sectional studies (24.8%). 96.3% of the articles were from India. Majority of the articles published were of multi authors (65.2%) and from Educational institutes (98.4%). The trends of the articles published indicated that the case reports/series formed the major bulk (others=59.1%) followed by research studies (21.3%). Conclusion: It was concluded that most articles published were case reports followed by researches indicating an inclination towards better quality methodology. The SJR and the citation count of the articles published also indicated the quality of the scientific articles published. PMID:26023643

  11. Evidence-based dentistry and clinical implementation by third-year dental students.

    PubMed

    Teich, Sorin T; Demko, Catherine A; Lang, Lisa A

    2013-10-01

    Over the last two decades, the concept of evidence-based medicine (EBM) has become the standard of medical care. Defined by Sackett et al. as "the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients," EBM recognizes that the practitioner should combine individual clinical expertise with the best available external evidence for optimal care. Consideration of the patient's needs and preferences is also an integral component of the clinical application. Dental educators have to account for the fact that not all dental treatment outcomes have been researched with randomized clinical trials. Dogmas in dentistry still exist regarding restorative treatments and methods taught to next generations of practitioners, while limited evidence is available. The purpose of this study was to determine how third-year dental students at one U.S. dental school select articles to provide supportive evidence related to treatment planning. The results show that knowledge provided in a three-week course in evidence-based dentistry (EBD) for first-year dental students was not efficiently applied when the students reached their third year. A significant percentage of the students perceived the use of literature as not beneficial for sustaining clinical aspects of a treatment plan, and they did not use appropriate tools to access best available resources. As a result of these findings, the article proposes incorporation of specific learning objectives related to EBD principles throughout the curriculum and a simplified method to search for best available evidence that has the advantage of not requiring knowledge and training in rigorous formulation of clinical questions. PMID:24098032

  12. Chemoprophylaxis with oral amoxycillin against bacterial endocarditis: when should second doses be administered after dentistry?

    PubMed Central

    Kumana, C R; Chau, K K; Chau, P Y; Kou, M; Lauder, I

    1986-01-01

    The adequacy of serum bactericidal activity after oral amoxycillin given as prophylaxis against infective endocarditis was studied using a double blind randomised protocol in healthy volunteers having dentistry. One hour before their procedure 38 patients received 3 g amoxycillin syrup and 12 received matching placebo. Venous blood samples were drawn before and one and nine hours after dosing and serum amoxycillin concentrations determined using a standard bioassay. Samples containing amoxycillin had inhibitory titres measured against two reference isolates of viridans streptococci known to have caused infective endocarditis. The susceptibility to amoxycillin of one strain was high and the other low, respective minimal bactericidal and inhibitory concentrations being 0.08 and 0.04 mumol/l (0.03 and 0.015 microgram/ml) and 2.74 and 1.37 mumol/l (1 and 0.5 microgram/ml). Amoxycillin was detected in only post-treatment samples of patients given the active drug. There were no significant correlations between one or nine hour drug concentrations and age or physical characteristics, nor was there any relation to preceding food consumption. Correlations between drug concentrations at one and nine hours were weak (r = 0.34; p less than 0.05), but between corresponding drug concentrations and serum inhibitory titres there were consistent correlations (r = 0.46-0.48; p less than 0.005). Against the low susceptibility reference isolate bactericidal amoxycillin concentrations were encountered in only 20 of the 38 nine hour samples (95% confidence limits 34% and 66%). When repeat doses of amoxycillin are indicated after dentistry they should be given about four hours later, not eight hours later as commonly practised. PMID:3099944

  13. Chemoprophylaxis with oral amoxycillin against bacterial endocarditis: when should second doses be administered after dentistry?

    PubMed

    Kumana, C R; Chau, K K; Chau, P Y; Kou, M; Lauder, I

    1986-12-13

    The adequacy of serum bactericidal activity after oral amoxycillin given as prophylaxis against infective endocarditis was studied using a double blind randomised protocol in healthy volunteers having dentistry. One hour before their procedure 38 patients received 3 g amoxycillin syrup and 12 received matching placebo. Venous blood samples were drawn before and one and nine hours after dosing and serum amoxycillin concentrations determined using a standard bioassay. Samples containing amoxycillin had inhibitory titres measured against two reference isolates of viridans streptococci known to have caused infective endocarditis. The susceptibility to amoxycillin of one strain was high and the other low, respective minimal bactericidal and inhibitory concentrations being 0.08 and 0.04 mumol/l (0.03 and 0.015 microgram/ml) and 2.74 and 1.37 mumol/l (1 and 0.5 microgram/ml). Amoxycillin was detected in only post-treatment samples of patients given the active drug. There were no significant correlations between one or nine hour drug concentrations and age or physical characteristics, nor was there any relation to preceding food consumption. Correlations between drug concentrations at one and nine hours were weak (r = 0.34; p less than 0.05), but between corresponding drug concentrations and serum inhibitory titres there were consistent correlations (r = 0.46-0.48; p less than 0.005). Against the low susceptibility reference isolate bactericidal amoxycillin concentrations were encountered in only 20 of the 38 nine hour samples (95% confidence limits 34% and 66%). When repeat doses of amoxycillin are indicated after dentistry they should be given about four hours later, not eight hours later as commonly practised. PMID:3099944

  14. A Systematic Map of Systematic Reviews in Pediatric Dentistry—What Do We Really Know?

    PubMed Central

    Mejŕre, Ingegerd A.; Klingberg, Gunilla; Mowafi, Frida K.; Stecksén-Blicks, Christina; Twetman, Svante H. A.; Tranćus, Sofia H.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To identify, appraise and summarize existing knowledge and knowledge gaps in practice-relevant questions in pediatric dentistry. Methods A systematic mapping of systematic reviews was undertaken for domains considered important in daily clinical practice. The literature search covered questions in the following domains: behavior management problems/dental anxiety; caries risk assessment and caries detection including radiographic technologies; prevention and non-operative treatment of caries in primary and young permanent teeth; operative treatment of caries in primary and young permanent teeth; prevention and treatment of periodontal disease; management of tooth developmental and mineralization disturbances; prevention and treatment of oral conditions in children with chronic diseases/developmental disturbances/obesity; diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental erosion and tooth wear; treatment of traumatic injuries in primary and young permanent teeth and cost-effectiveness of these interventions. Abstracts and full text reviews were assessed independently by two reviewers and any differences were solved by consensus. AMSTAR was used to assess the risk of bias of each included systematic review. Reviews judged as having a low or moderate risk of bias were used to formulate existing knowledge and knowledge gaps. Results Out of 81 systematic reviews meeting the inclusion criteria, 38 were judged to have a low or moderate risk of bias. Half of them concerned caries prevention. The quality of evidence was high for a caries-preventive effect of daily use of fluoride toothpaste and moderate for fissure sealing with resin-based materials. For the rest the quality of evidence for the effects of interventions was low or very low. Conclusion There is an urgent need for primary clinical research of good quality in most clinically-relevant domains in pediatric dentistry. PMID:25706629

  15. Chemistry in Context, 6th Ed.

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Chemistry in Context, 6th Ed., by Lucy Pryde Eubanks, Catherine H. Middlecamp, Carl E. Heltzel, Steven W. Keller published by McGraw-Hill, 2009.

  16. College of Education EDS Special Education

    E-print Network

    MacAdam, Keith

    College of Education EDS Special Education KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course dropped University of Kentucky 2013-2014 Undergraduate Bulletin 1 EDS 357 INITIAL PRACTICUM IN SPECIAL EDUCATION. (1) An introductory supervised field experience for special education majors. Students will participate in two special

  17. The EdVisions "Dreamscape" Evaluation Plan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newell, Ron

    2009-01-01

    This article describes the "dreamscape" as EdVisions Schools moves forward as an education development organization. "Dreamscape" refers to the goals leaders have developed for the network of more than 40 Edvisions schools nationwide. In this article, the author describes the evolution of objectives for EdVisions school sites and the development…

  18. Unrecognized delirium in ED geriatric patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lawrence M Lewis; Douglas K Miller; John E Morley; Mary Jo Nork; Laura C Lasater

    1995-01-01

    To determine the sensitivity of an emergency physician's conventional evaluation compared with the validated Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) regarding the recognition of acute confusional states (delirium) in elderly Emergency Department (ED) patients, a cohort of 385 patients presenting to an urban teaching hospital ED was systematically assembled. Patients had to be conscious, able to speak and older than 64 years

  19. Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia (ED): A Case Series.

    PubMed

    Kishore, Mallika; Panat, Sunil R; Aggarwal, Ashish; Agarwal, Nupur; Upadhyay, Nitin; Ajai, Kratika; Alok, Abhijeet

    2014-01-01

    ECTODERMAL DYSPLASIA (ED) IS A RARE DISORDER WITH DEFECTS IN TWO OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES: the teeth and the skin and its appendages including hair, nails, eccrine, and sebaceous glands. Dental manifestations include hypodontia, complete anodontia or malformed teeth. The most common form of the ED syndrome is hypohidrotic ED and is usually inherited as an X-linked recessive trait. Female carriers may have a variable degree of clinical manifestations. The condition is thought to occur in approximately 1 in every 100,000 live births. Dental treatment for these patients varies on an individual basis. Children with ED are often treated dentally with conventional adult appearing prosthesis which are focused only on the oral manifestations of the syndrome. We are here reporting two classical cases of hypohidrotic ED with a review of the literature. PMID:24596794

  20. Management of caries in the child three years of age and younger: a survey of post-doctoral pediatric dentistry program directors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Sue Seale

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to report the results of a survey of pediatric dentistry post-doctoral program directors regarding education of post-doctoral students about management of caries in children 3 years-of-age or younger. Methods: Fifty-two pediatric dentistry advanced education program directors were sent questionnaires inquiring about payer sources in their programs, distribution of caries in children 3 years

  1. BioEd Online: Presentations

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2008-04-23

    The resources for biology teachers offered by BioEd Online are uniformly excellent, and this particular section of their website is no exception to that trend. Designed specifically for teachers, this site contains dozens of presentations that can be adopted for use in a variety of classroom settings. Users of the site can explore a list of topics and featured presentation materials, which include "The Cell: Cloning," "Diversity of Life: Introduction to Human Behavior," and "The Human Organism: Influenza Vaccination." That's far from all however, as the site also has interactive lesson demonstrations, lab techniques, and teaching strategies. Equally important for instructors is the "Seeking a Teaching Position," which includes presentations like "So You Want to Teach?" and "High Stakes Communication: Interviewing for a Teaching Position."

  2. Instability of EDS maglev systems

    SciTech Connect

    Cai, Y.; Chen, S.S.

    1993-09-01

    Instabilities of an EDS maglev suspension system with 3 D.O.F. and 5 D.O.F. vehicles traveling on a double L-shaped set of guideway conductors have been investigated with various experimentally measured magnetical force data incorporated into the theoretical models. Divergence and flutter are obtained from both analytical and numerical solutions for coupled vibration of the 3 D.O.F. maglev vehicle model. Instabilities of five direction motions (heave, slip, rill, pitch and yaw) are observed for the 4 D.O.F. vehicle model. It demonstrates that system parameters, such as, system damping, vehicle geometry and coupling effects among five different motions play very important roles in the occurrence of dynamic instabilities of maglev vehicles.

  3. An emphasis on the wide usage and important role of local anesthesia in dentistry: A strategic review

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Preetinder

    2012-01-01

    Local anesthesia forms the major part of pain-control techniques in dentistry. The prevention and elimination of pain during dental treatment has benefited patients, their doctors and dental hygienists, enabling the dental profession to make tremendous therapeutic advances that would otherwise have been impossible. Introduced in the late 1940s, the amide local anesthetics represent the most used drugs in dentistry. Local anesthetics also represent the safest and most effective drugs in all of medicine for the prevention and management of pain. They are also accompanied by various adverse effects which should be well known and be able to be controlled by the clinician. The article reviews the types of agents used as local anesthetics and their effects on the human body. PMID:22623926

  4. A basic list of recommended books and journals for support of clinical dentistry in a nondental library.

    PubMed Central

    Johnson, R C; Mason, F O; Sims, R H

    1997-01-01

    A basic list of 133 book and journal titles in dentistry is presented. The list is intended as a bibliographic selection tool for those libraries and health institutions that support clinical dentistry programs and services in the nondental school environment in the United States and Canada. The book and journal titles were selected by the membership of the Dental Section of the Medical Library Association (MLA). The Dental Section membership represents dental and other health sciences libraries and dental research institutions from the United States and Canada, as well as from other countries. The list was compiled and edited by the Ad Hoc Publications Committee of the Dental Section of MLA. The final list was reviewed and subsequently was approved for publication and distribution by the Dental Section of MLA during the section's 1996 annual meeting in Kansas City, Missouri. PMID:9285122

  5. Protein structure determination by MicroED.

    PubMed

    Nannenga, Brent L; Gonen, Tamir

    2014-08-01

    In this review we discuss the current advances relating to structure determination from protein microcrystals with special emphasis on the newly developed method called MicroED. This method uses a transmission electron cryo-microscope to collect electron diffraction data from extremely small 3-dimensional (3D) crystals. MicroED has been used to solve the 3D structure of the model protein lysozyme to 2.9? resolution. As the method further matures, MicroED promises to offer a unique and widely applicable approach to protein crystallography using nanocrystals. PMID:24709395

  6. Appendix S1. Definitions of Acronyms 3rdG: 3rd Generation Technologies

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    s, s = N,L H(t-1,et) : representative function linking greenhouse gas emissions to atmospheric temperature to the carbon cycle h(): shift effect in the marginal abatement curve due to technological success, s = N,L i: pivot effect in the marginal abatement curve due to success in technology i µt : level

  7. Relative and Modi ed Relative Realizability Lars Birkedal

    E-print Network

    Birkedal, Lars

    Relative and Modi#12;ed Relative Realizability Lars Birkedal The IT University of Copenhagen RT(A ] ; A); and its closed complement QA;j gives what we call relative modi#12;ed realizability notion of relative modi#12;ed realizability topos agrees with the standard modi#12;ed realizability topos

  8. Teaching atraumatic restorative treatment in U.S. dental schools: a survey of predoctoral pediatric dentistry program directors.

    PubMed

    Kateeb, Elham T; Warren, John J; Damiano, Peter; Momany, Elizabeth; Kanellis, Michael; Weber-Gasparoni, Karin; Ansley, Tim

    2013-10-01

    The International Dental Federation and World Health Organization have promoted the use of Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) in modern clinical settings worldwide. In the United States, the practice of ART is not believed to be widely used, which may be a result of little attention given to ART training in predoctoral pediatric dentistry curricula in U.S. dental schools. This study investigated the extent of clinical and didactic instruction on ART provided in U.S. dental schools by surveying the predoctoral pediatric dentistry programs in 2010. Of the fifty-seven directors asked to complete the survey, forty-four responded for a response rate of 77 percent. Of these forty-four programs, 66 percent reported providing clinical training on ART, though only 14 percent provide this training often or very often. The types of ART training provided often or very often included interim treatment (18 percent) and single-surface cavities (14 percent) in primary teeth. However, ART was said to be rarely taught as a definitive treatment in permanent teeth (2 percent). Attitude was a major predictor, for clinical training provided and using professional guidelines in treatment decisions were associated with a positive attitude towards ART. These predoctoral pediatric dentistry programs used ART mainly in primary, anterior, and single-surface cavities and as interim treatment. As ART increases access of children to dental care, the incorporation of the ART approach into the curricula of U.S. dental schools should be facilitated by professional organizations. PMID:24098034

  9. The benefits of Quercitin for dentistry and maxillofacial surgery: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Corega, C; Vaida, L; Festila, D G; Rigoni, G; Albanese, M; D'Agostino, A; De Santis, D; Pardo, A; Nocini, P F; Bertossi, D

    2014-01-14

    Quercetin (3,3',4',5,7-pentahydroxyflavone) is the major bioflavonoid in the human diet and belongs to an extensive class of polyphenolic flavonoid compounds almost ubiquitous in plants and plant food sources. The estimated average daily dietary intake of quercetin by an individual in the United States is 25 mg. In recent years, research about quercetin has evolved from animal studies to in vitro and in vivo studies and to human clinical studies and trials in order to establish its real properties and effects. In oral medicine, quercetin has been extensively studied, as a real increase in major diseases like cancers, periodontal disease, oral lesions, tooth decay and infections have been reported worldwide by health providers.It has been thus established that quercetin exhibits beneficial effects on oral health with its broad pharmacological properties, as preventive and therapeutic agent in dental caries with anti-inflammatory effect against oral pathogens, as well as an antioxidant and anti-cancer agent .The aim of the review is to present evidence-based aspect of treatment with quercetin in order to validate its tremendous role in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery. PMID:24423737

  10. Knowledge and Use of Evidence-based Dentistry among Iranian Dentists

    PubMed Central

    Navabi, Nader; Shahravan, Arash; Pourmonajem, Sepideh; Hashemipour, Maryam A.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and use of evidence-based dentistry (EBD) among Iranian dentists. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted by means of a questionnaire among dentists attending the 52nd National Annual Congress of the Iranian Dental Association in Tehran in April 2012. The questions covered the participants’ level of knowledge and use of EBD. Results: The mean knowledge score of the 310 respondents was 3.66 ± 1.19 out of a maximum of 5. The majority of the dentists had little (56.1%) or no (20.7%) knowledge of EBD. The main reported barrier to the use of EBD was lack of time (44.1% of respondents) with 42.8% of dentists using the Internet less than one hour per week. Conclusion: EBD was not a familiar concept to these Iranian dentists; the majority of them preferred consultation with colleagues over seeking evidence from electronic databases. PMID:24790746

  11. Assessment of knowledge and competencies related to implant dentistry in undergraduate and postgraduate university education.

    PubMed

    Mattheos, N; Ucer, C; Van de Velde, T; Nattestad, A

    2009-02-01

    Learning in academic settings is strongly related to the way the students are tested or examined. Assessment therefore must be integrated in the curriculum design, coordinated and should reflect the learning outcomes of the education. Assessment within the field of implant dentistry must fulfil four major objectives: complete and direct the learning process with feedback (formative), ensure that students are adequately prepared (summative), assess attitudes and skills such as critical thinking, reflection and self-assessment ability, and supply continuous feedback to teachers on curricular content and impact. Different assessment methods should be used to assess different levels of competencies throughout the curriculum. Various forms of written or oral assessment methodologies are applicable at earlier stages in the curriculum. At intermediate levels, interactive assessment methods, such as patient simulations (paper based or virtual) and more could encourage the necessary synthesis of several disciplines and aspects of the theoretical knowledge. At higher levels of competence, documentation of clinical proficiency by means of reflective portfolios and diaries is an appropriate assessment method with both formative and summative potential. The highest level of competence requires performance assessment using structured, objective, clinical criteria. The group strongly encourages the use of reflective forms of assessment methods which engage the students in a process of self-appraisal, identification of individual learning needs and self-directed learning. The ultimate goal of this would be to allow the student to develop a lifelong learning attitude. PMID:19281515

  12. On permeability of methyl methacrylate, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate and triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate through protective gloves in dentistry.

    PubMed

    Andreasson, Harriet; Boman, Anders; Johnsson, Stina; Karlsson, Stig; Barregĺrd, Lars

    2003-12-01

    Continuous glove use is more common in dentistry than in most other occupations, and the glove should offer protection against blood-borne infections, skin irritants and contact allergens. Methacrylate monomers are potent contact allergens, and it is known that these substances may penetrate the glove materials commonly used. The aim of this study was to assess the permeability of various types of gloves to methyl methacrylate (MMA), 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) with special reference to combinations with ethanol or acetone. The permeation rate and time lag breakthrough (lag-BT) for MMA (neat, or diluted to 30% in ethanol or acetone), HEMA (30% in water, ethanol, or acetone) and TEGDMA (30% in ethanol or acetone) were investigated for different protective gloves. Nine different types of gloves were tested for one or several of these methacrylates. The lag-BT for neat MMA was

  13. Medical Plasma in Dentistry: A Future Therapy for Peri-implantitis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koban, Ina; Jablonowski, Lukasz; Kramer, Axel; Weltmann, Klaus-Dieter; Kocher, Thomas

    Biofilm formation plays a major role in the pathogenesis of many oral diseases especially in peri-implantits. To evaluate the anti-biofilm effect of different plasma devices and processes we used different dental biofilm models: Candida albicans, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguinis, aerobe multispecies human saliva and anaerobe plaque biofilms. After 10 min treatment we reduced the biofilms by 5 log10 steps using dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma. Chlorhexidine is the gold standard antiseptic which achieved in the same time only a 1.5 log10 reduction. All plasma devices (DBD or plasma jets) damaged the membrane of the microorganisms but only etching plasma sources can remove the biofilm as shown in CLSM micrographs. It is possible to improve the plasma process using antiseptics like octenidine. This combination significantly reduced CFU values after 1 min plasma treatment compared to the plasma control. Beside the anti-biofilm effect an additional effect of plasma is the contact angle reduction of different titanium implant surfaces from 90° to super-hydrophilic (<5°). This can improve the implant healing process. Thus in the future, plasma could be an interesting treatment option in dentistry, especially in treatment of peri-implantits.

  14. Results of clinical application of YAG:Er lasers in dentistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Altshuler, Gregory; Belikov, Andrei V.; Balin, Victor N.; Gook, Alexey S.; Kropotov, Sergey P.; Selivanov, Viacheslav L.; Skripnik, Alexei V.; Prikhodko, Constantin V.

    1999-02-01

    This paper presents the first results of clinical application of YAG:Er laser ('Lasma-1', Laser Center IFMO, Russia) in practical dental procedures performed in Russian clinics. YAG:Er laser operating in free-running mode has been used for in-vivo restorative dentistry. Caries cavities of various types has been treated in contact mode with applied water pulse irrigation of a treatment zone. The paper announces the results of laser treatment of caries cases (426 fillings). 104 patients have been involved in. 396 fillings have been made for non-complicated caries, 30 fillings -- for pulpits and periodontits. In the process of laser treatment it has been observed no pain perception, even in a case of deep caries. The paper reports the results of investigation of patients tooth reaction on several thermal effects immediately after the treatment and 6 months later. Results of electro- odontometry and roentgenography of teeth processed with laser radiation of 2.94 mkm wavelength are demonstrated. Particular attention is given to the quality of filling material adhesion to walls of a laser cavity and conditions of contact points. The last is observed for cavities of III and IV classes.

  15. Effects of common dental materials used in preventive or operative dentistry on dentin permeability and remineralization.

    PubMed

    Sauro, Salvatore; Thompson, Ian; Watson, Timothy F

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the dentin remineralization induced by bioactive substances contained in common dental materials used in preventive and operative dentistry. Several materials were applied on human dentin segments. Dentin permeability was quantified using a fluid filtration system working at 20 cm H(2)O. Micro-Raman, SEM-EDX, and microhardness calculation were used to evaluate changes in the mineralization of dentin. Dentin treated with the prophylactic materials showed different dentin permeability values, in particular subsequent to immersion in remineralizing solutions (RSS). The bioactive glass (Sylc) was the only substance able to reduce dentin permeability after immersion in remineralizing solution and to show hydroxyapatite precipitation as a sign of dentin remineralization. The reduction in dentin permeability obtained after the application of the other prophylactic materials used in this study was due to the presence of the remnant material in the dentinal tubules, with no remineralization effect after storage in remineralizing solution. In conclusion, the results indicated that bioactive glass prophy powder may induce immediate remineralization of dentin. PMID:21777102

  16. Perceptions and practices of dental school faculty regarding evidence-based dentistry.

    PubMed

    Marshall, Teresa A; Straub-Morarend, Cheryl L; Qian, Fang; Finkelstein, Michael W

    2013-02-01

    Successful integration of critical thinking and evidence-based dentistry (EBD) concepts throughout didactic and clinical dental curricula require faculty support. Critical thinking and EBD definitions and practice continue to evolve, and not all dental faculty members were exposed to such concepts during their education. The objective of this study was to understand faculty members' perspectives on both critical thinking and EBD. An online survey was designed to assess full- and part-time faculty members' understanding, practice and teaching of critical thinking and EBD, interest in and perceived significance of EBD, and perceived barriers to teaching critical thinking and EBD at one U.S. dental school. Forty-three faculty members completed the survey for a 41 percent response rate. Most respondents (46 percent) defined critical thinking as the use of evidence or the scientific method in decision making and EBD as clinical practice based on "science only" (39 percent) or "quality science only" (34 percent). Based on their individual definitions, over 75 percent of the respondents reported incorporating critical thinking into didactic and clinical teaching; 79 percent and 47 percent, respectively, reported incorporating EBD into their didactic and clinical teaching. While these faculty members confirmed the importance of teaching students EBD, they identified barriers to teaching as time, knowledge, and resources. These results, which reflect one school's efforts to understand faculty perceptions and practices of EBD, suggest that faculty training and resource support are necessary for successful curricular integration of critical thinking and EBD. PMID:23382523

  17. Influence of dentistry students' e-Learning satisfaction: a questionnaire survey.

    PubMed

    Chen, Man-Ling; Su, Zhi-Yuan; Wu, Teng-Yen; Shieh, Tien-Yu; Chiang, Chi-Hui

    2011-12-01

    Dental school graduates operating on patients without having had sufficient practice in school is potentially dangerous to the patients. In order to minimize this danger, it is necessary to establish a virtual learning environment for students. In this study, we incorporated DentSim, a clinical dentistry simulator, into an e-Learning platform. In addition to overcoming the time and space constraints on learning, DentSim can simulate clinical conditions. It also allows students to practice reading case histories and inspecting and diagnosing patients. To construct the research model for this study, we incorporated the four major factors for measuring e-Learner satisfaction-'learner interface', 'learning community', 'content' and 'personalization' with the variable of 'intention to use'. The subjects were 350 dental students studying at the College of Oral Medicine. The structural equation modeling (SEM) results showed that Factors that influenced 'intention to use' include 'learner interface', 'learning community' and 'personalization', and 'intention to use' affect 'e-Learner satisfaction' with the system. PMID:20703759

  18. Prevalence of dentine hypersensitivity among Thai dental patients at the Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University.

    PubMed

    Tengrungsun, Tasanee; Jamornnium, Yupapan; Tengrungsun, Sawanee

    2012-07-01

    This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of dentine hypersensitivity (DH) and its associated etiological factors among Thai patients visiting the Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University, Thailand. Questionnaires were administered to 420 patients to obtain demographic information, dental history, eating habits and DH symptom data. The diagnosis of DH was established by a short, sharp pain arising from exposed dentine in response to triple-syringe air blow and exploration of the tooth surface. The chi-square test was used to analyze the association between DH and various types of stimuli. The level of statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Of the 420 patients studied, 129 (30.7%) had DH in 198 teeth. Women (70.5%) were affected more often than men. The age range with the highest incidence of DH was the 30-39 year old group (34.1%). The first molar (29.3%) was the most frequent sensitive tooth. Cold (36.4%) was the most common cause of DH. Hard food and acidic fruits were also significantly associated with DH. DH has a moderate prevalence among Thais and is associated with cold and consumption of hard food, and sour fruits. PMID:23077831

  19. Benefits of externships with pediatric dentistry programs for potential residents: program directors' and current residents' perceptions.

    PubMed

    Klein, Ulrich; Storey, Bryan; Hanson, Peter D

    2014-03-01

    This study's goal was to understand the extent, framework, and benefits of externships with prospective residency programs undertaken by predoctoral dental students or dentists interested in applying for a residency program. In 2012, a questionnaire was sent to all pediatric dentistry residents and program directors in the United States (63 percent and 74 percent return rate, respectively). Externships were offered by fifty-seven of the seventy-six programs. Most program directors (95 percent) agreed that externships are beneficial and compensate at least partially for the lack of numerical National Board Dental Examination scores or class rankings. Among the responding residents, 61 percent were female. The top reasons given by residents for choosing to extern with a certain program were its location and perceived reputation. Of the 249 respondents who did an externship, 47 percent externed with their current program. The acceptance rate into the number one choice of program was similar among those who did an externship vs. those who did not (73 percent vs. 75 percent). No relationship was found between gender and externships among the 341 respondents who were accepted into their top choice. Most of the residents (98.8 percent) felt that completing an externship was beneficial, and 88 percent got an increased understanding for the differences between university- and non-university-based residency programs. PMID:24609349

  20. A Quantitative Content Analysis of Mercer University MEd, EdS, and Doctoral Theses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Randolph, Justus J.; Gaiek, Lura S.; White, Torian A.; Slappey, Lisa A.; Chastain, Andrea; Harris, Rose Prejean

    2010-01-01

    Quantitative content analysis of a body of research not only helps budding researchers understand the culture, language, and expectations of scholarship, it helps identify deficiencies and inform policy and practice. Because of these benefits, an analysis of a census of 980 Mercer University MEd, EdS, and doctoral theses was conducted. Each thesis…

  1. Rural dentistry: Is it an imagination or obligation in community dental health education?

    PubMed Central

    Dülgergil, Çoruh Türksel; Çolak, Hakan

    2012-01-01

    During the past two decades, epidemiologic studies in less developed or developing countries have clearly reported that caries prevalence shows the distinctive patterns over the word, even though it is declining in many developed countries. Due to huge rural districts where arrival is problematic and ineffective dental and preventive care centers in most suburban districts, there has been significant difference between the different parts of the communities to provide dental care service, and unfortunately the sole preventive measure has been limited with the advising of using the tooth brush and paste. The problems are usually arisen not only from the inadequacy of trained personnel but also from the absence of an effective economic and pragmatic system which aims to effectively dispense the dental service to all over the country. For this reason, the basic aim of dental care should be to carry out the many dental services in a multidisciplinary manner within the first appointment and to serve the people at their own homes and/or districts. Clearly, the needed multidisciplinary dental care system can lead to a new educational doctrine for rural dental practice. This versatile and practical training program based on specific perceived needs of a specific population(s) could need a new educational program. So, various preventive and/or restorative procedures included by this new doctrine could be named as “rural dentistry.” In this review, with the examples from the many in vivo studies carried out under rural conditions over the world, the probable practices in this specific dental doctrine have generally been exemplified. PMID:23271836

  2. Dental rounds: an evolving process of curriculum integration at the LSU School of Dentistry.

    PubMed

    Townsend, Janice A; Bates, Michael L; Rodriguez, Tobias E; Andrieu, Sandra C; Hagan, Joseph L; Cheramie, Toby J; Smith, Chet A; Leigh, Janet E; Fidel, Paul L

    2014-05-01

    With the support for curriculum change expressed by the American Dental Education Association's Commission on Change and Innovation in Dental Education (ADEA CCI), the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center School of Dentistry (LSUSD) initiated a course that vertically integrates the basic sciences and clinical sciences and promotes critical thinking. The resulting Dental Rounds course includes presentations by D3 and D4 students on interesting clinical cases, which the entire student body is required to attend. Following the third year of the program, a formal evaluation was conducted, in which surveys were disseminated to students, recent graduates, and faculty members to collect feedback on the efficacy of the course, its perceived value, and its success as an educational tool. Of the 242 students and graduates who were sent surveys, 181 responded, a 74 percent response rate. Of the eighty full-time faculty members, sixty-one responded, a 76 percent response rate. Most respondents reported that the objectives of the course were being achieved, but they identified case-related discussion as an area for strengthening critical thinking skills. As a result, modifications were planned to include formal participation of D1 and D2 students in the presentations, less frequent sessions to accommodate more complete cases, more emphasis on basic science, more structured mentoring, and a modified question format. Dental Rounds was a necessary integration step in dental education for LSUSD, and it is anticipated that the planned modifications will lead to strengthening of critical thinking skills in both students and faculty. PMID:24789840

  3. G.M.P. van Kempen and L.J. van Vliet, Improving the restoration of textured objects with prefiltering, in: H.E. Bal, H. Corporaal, P.P. Jonker, J.F.M. Tonino (eds.), ASCI'97, Proc. 3rd Annual Conference of the Advanced School for

    E-print Network

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    by a fluorescence microscope is in the presence of noise known to be a difficult problem. This presence of noise can on textured disks convolved with the point spread function of a fluorescence microscope and distorted with Poisson noise. 1. Introduction The restoration of images acquired by a fluorescence microscope is

  4. Validity and Reliability of the Brazilian Version of the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry – BREALD-30

    PubMed Central

    Junkes, Monica C.; Fraiz, Fabian C.; Sardenberg, Fernanda; Lee, Jessica Y.; Paiva, Saul M.; Ferreira, Fernanda M.

    2015-01-01

    Objective The aim of the present study was to translate, perform the cross-cultural adaptation of the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry to Brazilian-Portuguese language and test the reliability and validity of this version. Methods After translation and cross-cultural adaptation, interviews were conducted with 258 parents/caregivers of children in treatment at the pediatric dentistry clinics and health units in Curitiba, Brazil. To test the instrument's validity, the scores of Brazilian Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (BREALD-30) were compared based on occupation, monthly household income, educational attainment, general literacy, use of dental services and three dental outcomes. Results The BREALD-30 demonstrated good internal reliability. Cronbach’s alpha ranged from 0.88 to 0.89 when words were deleted individually. The analysis of test-retest reliability revealed excellent reproducibility (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.983 and Kappa coefficient ranging from moderate to nearly perfect). In the bivariate analysis, BREALD-30 scores were significantly correlated with the level of general literacy (rs = 0.593) and income (rs = 0.327) and significantly associated with occupation, educational attainment, use of dental services, self-rated oral health and the respondent’s perception regarding his/her child's oral health. However, only the association between the BREALD-30 score and the respondent’s perception regarding his/her child's oral health remained significant in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion The BREALD-30 demonstrated satisfactory psychometric properties and is therefore applicable to adults in Brazil. PMID:26158724

  5. Cancer Institute of New Jersey: University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Environmental Assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-06-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to authorize the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey to proceed with the design, construction, and equipping of the proposed Clinical Treatment and Research Facility of the University of New Jersey on the New Brunswick campus. The facility will provide for the integration of new and existing clinical outpatient cancer treatment with basic and clinical research to expedite the application of new discoveries in cancer treatment. Based on the analysis in the environmental assessment, DOE has determined that the proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).

  6. Canadian EdGEO National Workshop Program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clinton, L. A.; Haidl, F. M.; Hymers, L. A.; van der Flier-Keller, E.

    2009-05-01

    Established in the early 1970s, EdGEO supports locally driven geosciences workshops for Canadian teachers. Workshops are organized by geoscientists and teachers, and typically have field, laboratory and classroom components. Grants of up to $3000 per workshop are available from the National EdGEO Program. By providing educational opportunities for today's teachers and, through them, their students, EdGEO seeks to cultivate a heightened awareness of our planet. EdGEO workshops provide teachers with potential fieldtrip sites for their students and the knowledge, enthusiasm and materials to inspire their students to engage in geoscience. Networking opportunities with local experts promote the importance of the geoscience profession. The expected result is an improved capacity on the part of Canadians to understand the Earth and to make informed decisions, especially with regard to the use of mineral and energy resources, the maintenance and remediation of the environment, and response to geological hazards. There exists a critical need to provide teachers with training and resources to tackle their Earth science curricula. In 2008, EdGEO supported fourteen workshops, with an unprecedented 521 teachers attending. These teachers then used our resources to reach an estimated 14,000 students during that single academic year. EdGEO workshops are locally driven and are therefore very diverse. Workshops are strongly tied to the provincial curriculum, focus on a specific geoscience topic, or may be largely field-based to demonstrate and practice how field activities could be incorporated into Earth science teaching. Many strive to include all of these important components. Geoscientists and teachers work collaboratively to develop and deliver EdGEO workshops to ensure that the activities can be effectively used in the classroom. The length of these professional development opportunities range from two-hour sessions to several days, and can generally accommodate up to twenty-five teachers. Workshops have been presented at teachers' conferences, province-wide professional development days, industry events, and independently. Participants consistently rate EdGEO workshops as excellent and outstanding. Responses on the evaluation forms suggest that teachers value the hands-on aspect of the workshops, the strong connection to the curriculum, the classroom resources provided, the field components, the collaborations forged between teachers and geoscientists, and the knowledge gained. Comments also continually make reference to the talented experts who enthusiastically commit to sharing their expertise in geoscience. The ability of EdGEO to advance its vital mission relies on the generous support of scientific associations, corporations, foundations and individuals. With increased funding, EdGEO's future will see the expansion of partnerships with Faculties of Education across Canada. These faculties offer an opportunity to reach out to aspiring teachers before they enter the classroom. Future plans include the compilation of EdGEO lesson plans from coast to coast. These valuable resources would connect to provincial curriculum, provide an opportunity to wedge Earth science into other science subjects, and serve as the basis for developing a series of standardized workshops to be implemented across the nation.

  7. Lezione 20: La grafica 3D ed il WEB

    E-print Network

    Gribaudo, Marco

    Lezione 20: La grafica 3D ed il WEB La grafica 3D ed il WEB Lo sviluppo che ha avuto Internet negli distribuire contenuti multimediali. La grafica 3D e' uno strumento interessante con cui e' possibile creare contenuti multimediali. La grafica 3D ed il WEB Esistono due principali modalita' con cui includere la

  8. Dipartimento di Informatica, Bioingegneria, Robotica ed Ingegneria dei Sistemi

    E-print Network

    Robbiano, Lorenzo

    Dipartimento di Informatica, Bioingegneria, Robotica ed Ingegneria dei Sistemi MeDMoT: a Method Studi di Genova Dipartimento di Informatica, Bioingegneria, Robotica ed Ingegneria dei Sistemi Dottorato Dipartimento di Informatica, Bioingegneria, Robotica ed Ingegneria dei Sistemi Universit`a degli Studi di

  9. Ed. D Dissertation Defense Report Recommendation for Award of the Doctor of Education (Ed.D) Degree

    E-print Network

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Ed. D Dissertation Defense Report And Recommendation for Award of the Doctor of Education (Ed Defense Date: _______________________________________ Members of the Dissertation Committee for the above named candidate have conducted the Dissertation Defense for the Doctor of Education Degree

  10. Electrostatic-Dipole (ED) Fusion Confinement Studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miley, George H.; Shrestha, Prajakti J.; Yang, Yang; Thomas, Robert

    2004-11-01

    The Electrostatic-Dipole (ED) concept significantly differs from a "pure" dipole confinement device [1] in that the charged particles are preferentially confined to the high-pressure region interior of the dipole coil by the assistance of a surrounding spherical electrostatic grid. In present ED experiments, a current carrying coil is embedded inside the grid of an IEC such as to produce a magnetic dipole field. Charged particles are injected axisymmetrically from an ion gun (or duo-plasmatron) into the center of the ED confinement grid/dipole ring where they oscillate along the magnetic field lines and pass the peak field region at the center of the dipole region. As particles begin accelerating away from the center region towards the outer electrostatic grid region, they encounter a strong electrostatic potential (order of 10's of kilovolts) retarding force. The particles then decelerate, reverse direction and re-enter the dipole field region where again magnetic confinement dominates. This process continues, emulating a complex harmonic oscillator motion. The resulting pressure profile averaged over the field curvature offers good plasma stability in the ED configuration. The basic concept and results from preliminary experiments will be described. [1] M.E. Mauel, et al. "Dipole Equilibrium and Stability," 18th IAEA Conference of Plasma Phys. and Control. Nuclear Fusion, Varenna, Italy 2000, IAEA-F1-CN-70/TH

  11. Big Data, Enormous Opportunity Ed Lazowska

    E-print Network

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    Big Data, Enormous Opportunity Ed Lazowska Bill & Melinda Gates Chair in Computer Science data" "Smart discovery" ­ the application of big data to scholarship Implications for computer improvements in technology and algorithms are enabling the "big data" revolution A proliferation of sensors

  12. Water chemistry in EdF PWRs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Berge; J. M. Fiquet; F. Nordmann

    1987-01-01

    Electricite de France (EdF), with more than 40 operating pressurized water reactor (PWR) units, has established its own chemistry guidelines in order to: (1) keep activity low because of corrosion products in the primary coolant; (2) prevent serious corrosion problems, particularly on the secondary side of steam generator tubes; (3) maintain a high availability factor; and (4) minimize the cost

  13. A Radical Constructivist does CL Ed Dubinsky

    E-print Network

    Dubinsky, Ed

    A Radical Constructivist does CL Ed Dubinsky I consider myself to be a radical constructivist. Presumably this implies that I know what radical constructivism means. The term was coined by Ernst von among the phenomena we construct that leads to the adjective "radical". For the purpose of discussing

  14. Purposeful assessment techniques (PAT) applied to an OSCE-based measurement of competencies in a pediatric dentistry curriculum.

    PubMed

    Boone, W J; McWhorter, A G; Seale, N S

    2001-11-01

    Careful measurements of knowledge, attitude, and psychomotor and communication skills are necessary components of testing in a competency-based approach to education in dentistry. In an effort to address these requirements, Baylor College of Dentistry (BCD), Dallas, Texas, has applied Purposeful Assessment Techniques (PAT) to the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) currently in use. PAT are those techniques that allow one to work toward development of linear measurement scales that are "person-free" and "item-free." Person-free measurement means that useful data are produced regardless of the group being measured and item-free measurement means that it does not matter which mix of items is completed over the course of an assessment. The Rasch probabilistic model and a guiding definition of Objective Measurement were used in an effort to implement PAT for the BCD OSCE. A Rasch analysis of a BCD-administered OSCE produced an item map that demonstrated the range of difficulty of items by student performance. This item map can be used to determine which items can be repeated on subsequent tests to allow for linear measurement of students' progression through the curriculum. The movement toward PAT described in this paper demonstrates how careful and evolving measurement in dental education can be of great benefit to faculty, staff, students, and the public. PMID:11765869

  15. The workforce of professionals complementary to dentistry in the general dental services: a survey of general dental practices in the South West

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J Boyles; A Sprod

    2003-01-01

    Objective To describe the working patterns, training experiences, estimated size, and future training needs of the workforce of professionals complementary to dentistry in the general dental service in an English region.Methods Postal questionnaire of NHS dental practices in the South West of England.Results The response rate was 65%. There was an average of two whole time equivalent (wte) dentists working

  16. DENTISTRY MEDICINE NURSING PHARMACY PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH PROFESSIONS VETERINARY MEDICINEDENTISTRY MEDICINE NURSING PHARMACY PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH PROFESSIONS VETERINARY MEDICINE leader retires

    E-print Network

    Guo, Jing

    24 26 28 31 POST-it Oil Spill: How HSC faculty are involved Education: Global health certificate07/08·10 DENTISTRY · MEDICINE · NURSING · PHARMACY · PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH PROFESSIONS · VETERINARY MEDICINEDENTISTRY · MEDICINE · NURSING · PHARMACY · PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH PROFESSIONS

  17. Follow-Up Review of the 1982 Analysis of Operation, University of Mississippi School of Dentistry. Report to the Mississippi Legislature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neasman, G. E., Comp.; And Others

    Results of a followup legislative review of the operation of the University of Mississippi School of Dentistry are summarized. An initial 1982 evaluation of the dental school revealed numerous deficiencies in financial and operational management. Among other things, the 1982 report concluded the the dental school, the third smallest in the United…

  18. Descriptive study of the patients treated at the clinic “Integrated Dentistry for Patients with Special Needs” at Complutense University of Madrid (2003-2012)

    PubMed Central

    Monteserín-Matesanz, Marta; García-Chías, Begońa; Gasco-García, Carmen; Cerero-Lapiedra, Rocío

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To study clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the patients treated at the clinic “Integrated Dentistry for Patients with Special Needs (Special Care Dentistry)” at Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), as well as to know the dental treatments performed in these patients and the modifications from the usual treatment protocol. The information obtained from the results could also be applied in order to assess the needs of dental students education about this type of patients. Study Design: Medical records review of all the patients referred to the clinic of “Integrated Dentistry for Patients with Special Needs”, performing a retrospective cross-sectional study analyzing their main pathology, ASA risk score (Classification system used by the American Society of Anesthesiologists to estimate the risk posed by the anesthesia for various patient conditions), pharmacological treatment, what kind of dental treatment was necessary, whether the patient was treated or not, and if it was required to change any procedure due to the patient health status (sedation or antibiotic prophylaxis). Results: The number of patients referred to the clinic was 447, of whom 426 were included in this study. Out of them, 52,35 % were men and 47,89 were women, with a mean age of 49,20 years. More frequent pathologies were cardiovascular or cerebrovascular diseases (24,29 %), infectious diseases (12,41%), endocrine diseases (11,66%) and intellectual disability (8,85%). 70’18% of the patients were treated, with sedation being necessary in 9,03% of the cases and antibiotic prophylaxis in 11,70%. Conclusions: Given the high number of patients with some kind of pathology and the amount of medicines that they use, it seems necessary for dentistry students to have a specific training regarding how to handle and treat these patients, so they will be able to provide them the best possible care. Key words:Patients with special needs, medically compromised patients, dental treatment, special care dentistry. PMID:25662539

  19. Cytoplasmic Streaming - Skylab Student Experiment ED-63

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    This chart describes the Skylab student experiment (ED-63), Cytoplasmic Streaming, proposed by Cheryl A. Peitz of Arapahoe High School, Littleton, Colorado. Experiment ED-63 was to observe the effect of zero-gravity on cytoplasmic streaming in the aquatic plant named Elodea, commonly called water weed or water thyme. The phenomenon of cytoplasmic streaming is not well understood, but it is recognized as the circulation mechanism of the internal materials or cytoplasm of a cell. Cytoplasm is a gelatinous substance that has the ability to change its viscosity and flow, carrying various cell materials with it. The activity can be stimulated by sunlight or heat. In March 1972, NASA and the National Science Teachers Association selected 25 experiment proposals for flight on Skylab. Science advisors from the Marshall Space Flight Center aided and assisted the students in developing the proposals for flight on Skylab.

  20. BioEd Online: Lecture Series

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    If you are looking to pique your curiosity about the world of biology, BioEd Online will quickly become one of your favorite sites. Visitors can look over its slide sets, its engaging mini-courses, and even check out videos of gene splicing, human anatomy, and other topics. This specific corner of the BioEd Online site features archived lectures from past thematic events and series, including Evenings with Genetics, Science Concepts Explained, and Symposium for Space Life Science. Within Science Concepts Explained, there are a number of fun, short videos with engaging narrators explaining ideas like mass, density, and states of matter. The Your Brain is You series is another gem, with Dr. David Eagleman explaining the basics of brain function and how are brains define who we are. In many ways, this site offers a nice refresher on many key biological concepts; young and old will find much to engage their critical thinking skills.

  1. Treating Ed A Medical Ethics Case Study

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Eric Ribbens

    2008-01-01

    Ed is dying. How should his wishes for medical treatment be carried out? As the case unfolds, students explore the rights and responsibilities of doctors, patients, and patient representatives regarding difficult medical decisions. Specifically, students consider the ramifications of Advance Directives and Durable Powers of Attorney. The case was written for an introductory biology course, but could easily be used in or modified for a human anatomy and physiology, introductory nursing, or medical ethics course.

  2. Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS)

    SciTech Connect

    Short, W.; Sullivan, P.; Mai, T.; Mowers, M.; Uriarte, C.; Blair, N.; Heimiller, D.; Martinez, A.

    2011-12-01

    The Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) is a deterministic optimization model of the deployment of electric power generation technologies and transmission infrastructure throughout the contiguous United States into the future. The model, developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Strategic Energy Analysis Center, is designed to analyze the critical energy issues in the electric sector, especially with respect to potential energy policies, such as clean energy and renewable energy standards or carbon restrictions. ReEDS provides a detailed treatment of electricity-generating and electrical storage technologies and specifically addresses a variety of issues related to renewable energy technologies, including accessibility and cost of transmission, regional quality of renewable resources, seasonal and diurnal generation profiles, variability of wind and solar power, and the influence of variability on the reliability of the electrical grid. ReEDS addresses these issues through a highly discretized regional structure, explicit statistical treatment of the variability in wind and solar output over time, and consideration of ancillary services' requirements and costs.

  3. The ExTORTion of dentistry--is litigation and over-regulation best for our patients?

    PubMed

    Holden, A C L

    2014-09-01

    This article examines the current trends within UK dentistry for increased litigation and regulation. The law of tort when applied to dental negligence falls short of attaining justice for patients in a way which is focused on their best interests. It also has the effect of causing demoralisation and encouraging defensive practice. The introduction of a no-fault compensation scheme, such as that found in New Zealand, may be a solution to this issue, but this would come with questions around how it could be funded. The current system of high litigation and regulation, which shows no signs of relenting, seems to be in no-one's best interests. Therefore there is a real need to consider and propose alternatives that may break the continuum of increasing trends. PMID:25256982

  4. Using Ontological Engineering to Overcome Common AI-ED Problems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Riichiro Mizoguchi; Jacqueline Bourdeau

    2000-01-01

    This paper discusses long-term prospects of AI-ED research with the aim of giving a clear view of what we need for further promotion of the research from both the AI and ED points of view. An analysis of the current status of AI-ED research is done in the light of intelligence, conceptualization, standardization and theory-awareness. Following this, an ontology-based architecture

  5. Text message program improves outcomes, decreases ED utilization among ED patients with poorly controlled diabetes.

    PubMed

    2014-02-01

    Diabetic patients who lack access to primary care tend to frequent the ED, often with complications from their disease that could have been prevented with proper management and education. To get around the problem of access, researchers tested an automated program that continuously delivered educational messaging via text to a group of patients who presented to the ED with poorly controlled diabetes. After six months, researchers noted improvements in Hb A1c levels, self-reported medication adherence, and ED utilization when compared with a control group. And the impact was particularly noteworthy among Latinos, according to the researchers. The text messaging program, dubbed TExT-Med, was developed by four physicians and two diabetes educators. The messages were delivered daily, and contained educational as well motivational content derived from the National Diabetes Education Program.There were also medication reminders, healthy living challenges, and trivia questions about diabetes. At six months, Hb A1c levels decreased by 1.05% in the intervention group, compared to 0.60% in the control group, and self-reported medication adherence improved from 4.5 to 5.4 (as measured on an 8 point scale) in the intervention group versus a decrease of 0.1 in the control group. During the six-month study period, 35.9% of patients in the intervention group presented to the ED for care, as compared to 51.6% of patients in the control group. PMID:24505864

  6. ED leaders reverse poor flow trends.

    PubMed

    2011-02-01

    A concerted effort by the Cambridge (MA) Health Alliance has slashed door-to-doc time in its three EDs from 90 minutes to 12 minutes, cut the rate of patients who left without being seen from 4.8% to less than .5%, and decreased the average length of stay 13% to 2.5 hours. "Patient partners" greet all patients and speak to them in their own language. The system pioneered the"no-diversion" approach in Massachusetts. Staff and space were merged to improve efficiency and increase flow. PMID:21400968

  7. BioEd Online: Food and Fitness

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2007-01-01

    BioEd Online continues in their fine tradition on online teaching resources with the release of the Food and Fitness professional development workshop for teachers and other interested parties. Created with funding from the National Space Biomedical Research Institute, the workshop provides "an opportunity to explore research that uncovers ways to reduce space-related health problems through diet, exercises or rehabilitation." The materials include seven classroom activities which are designed to help students examine techniques to make life-long healthy meal and activity choices. Additionally, users of the site can learn about the workshop's educational objectives, their peer review board, and also examine their disclaimers and disclosures.

  8. Laceration - sutures or staples - at home

    MedlinePLUS

    James D. Skin stapling. In: Pfenninger JL, Fowler GC. Procedures for Primary Care . 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: ... Laceration and incision repair. In: Pfenninger JL, Fowler GC. Procedures for Primary Care . 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: ...

  9. GeneEd: Genetics, Education, Discovery

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The GeneEd website was created by the National Library of Medicine (NLM), the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) as a helpful resource for the teaching and learning of genetics. On the site, visitors can find labs and experiments, fact sheets, and teacher resources on topics including DNA forensics, genetic conditions, evolution, and biostatistics. First-time visitors will want to start their journey by looking over the Topics tab at the top of the page. There are 40 different thematic areas here consisting of articles, video clips, webcasts, and links to additional quality resources vetted by the GeneEd web team. The Labs & Experiments section includes virtual labs that explore the genetics of different organisms as well as links to resources provided by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Young people may also wish to take a look at the Careers in Genetics section as it features interviews with scientists that will inspire and delight.

  10. Langevin Stabilization of Multiscale Molli ed Molecular Dynamics

    E-print Network

    Izaguirre, Jesús A.

    Langevin Stabilization of Multiscale Molli ed Molecular Dynamics Jesus A. Izaguirre Department function. Langevin Molly (LM) is introduced in this paper. It uses the molli ed impulse method for the Newtonian term and the Langevin impulse method for the Langevin term. A parallel version of LM is available

  11. Unexplained fever in the ED: analysis of 139 patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hanan Gur; Ronen Aviram; Jacob; Yechezkel Sidi

    2003-01-01

    This study examined consecutive patients with unexplained fever (UF) presenting to the ED to define their characteristics and to compare distinctive parameters between admitted and discharged patients. During a 3-month period, all adult patients presenting to the ED with UF were prospectively followed for 1 month. Of 139 patients with UF, 58 patients (42%) were admitted to the hospital, whereas

  12. College of Education Ed.D. in Education

    E-print Network

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    College of Education Ed.D. in Education Program Handbook for students admitted Fall 2008 #12;1. Mission Statement The Education EdD program is intended for current educators and practitioners who wish/instructional improvement in schools, higher education institutions, military or corporate settings. Accreditation Programs

  13. 77August 2005 [8] D. Necsulescu, Mechatronics, 1st ed.

    E-print Network

    Regalia, Phillip A.

    77August 2005 [8] D. Necsulescu, Mechatronics, 1st ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2002. [9] D. Shetty and R.A. Kolk, Mechatronics Sys- tem Design, 1st ed. Boston, MA: PWS Publish- ing, 1997. [10] HMT Limited, Mechatronics and Machine Tools, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1999. [11] J.A. Blackburn

  14. The Comparative Logistics Project www.ed-w.info

    E-print Network

    Brock, David

    The Comparative Logistics Project www.ed-w.info The Impact of e-Commerce on the Japanese Raw Fish Supply Chain Edmund W. Schuster and Kazunari Watanabe #12;The Comparative Logistics Project www in the Japanese market #12;The Comparative Logistics Project www.ed-w.info 1. Introduction (continued) · E

  15. Modi ed Fuzzy C-Mean in Medical Image Segmentation

    E-print Network

    Louisville, University of

    1 Modi ed Fuzzy C-Mean in Medical Image Segmentation Nevin. A. Mohamed, M. N. Ahmed and A. Farag- fuzzi cation process. Keywords|Fuzzy c-mean, Image Segmentation, Fuzzy clustering, Adaptive lter. I of brain images. We propose a fully automatic technique to obtain image clusters. A modi ed fuzzy c-mean

  16. Modi ed Fuzzy C-Mean in Medical Image Segmentation

    E-print Network

    Farag, Aly A.

    1 Modi ed Fuzzy C-Mean in Medical Image Segmentation Nevin. A. Mohamed, M. N. Ahmed and A. Farag making or the de- fuzzi cation process. Keywords|Fuzzy c-mean, Image Segmentation, Fuzzy clustering. This paper de- scribes in details the implementation of a modi ed fuzzy c-mean algorithm in the brain image

  17. Complex Adaptive Systems + Soft Computing = Emergent Design Systems (EDS)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark S. Voss

    2000-01-01

    The focus of this paper is to illustrate how soft computing can be incorporated into the complex adaptive systems (CAS) framework to form a methodology for emergent design systems (EDS). Several design metaphors will be used to illustrate the application of the EDS methodology with respect to engineering design. Performance based structural design and architectural design will be used to

  18. Collegium Sciences et Technologies cole doctorale nergie Mcanique et MAtriaux (EMMA -ED 409)

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Collegium Sciences et Technologies École doctorale Énergie Mécanique et MAtériaux (EMMA - ED 409 Sciences et Technologies École doctorale Énergie Mécanique et MAtériaux (EMMA - ED 409) THČSE présentée et

  19. The rationale for and implementation of learner-centered education: experiences at the Ostrow School of Dentistry of the University of Southern California.

    PubMed

    Navazesh, Mahvash; Rich, Sandra K; Tiber, Arnold

    2014-02-01

    This report describes the design, implementation, and function of integrated, learner-centered education at the Ostrow School of Dentistry of the University of Southern California. The 190 required courses of the previous curriculum have been condensed to forty-four courses. Four courses, presented for each of eleven trimesters of the four-year D.D.S. program, are entitled Human Structure, Human Function, Human Behavior, and Human Clinical Dentistry. An integrated biomedical sciences curriculum is supported by small-group, facilitator-based, problem-based learning (PBL) and an electronic PBL case library. Modules, rotations, and preclinical and clinical sessions make up remaining instructional units of the curriculum. Selected assessment outcomes measuring student knowledge, behavior, and skill development are discussed. As an external measure, first-attempt pass rates on the National Board Dental Examination (NBDE) Part I show a range of 87-96 percent over a ten-year period (for Classes 2005-14). First-attempt pass rates on the NBDE Part II for Classes 2005-12 ranged from 74 percent to 93 percent. Perceived barriers and opportunities for better performance on the NBDE Part II are addressed. Additionally, an exit survey, administered over the past four years, indicates a high level of student satisfaction with "depth and breadth" of their education (82-93 percent) and that graduates feel well prepared to enter the practice of dentistry (94-97 percent). PMID:24489024

  20. Free Electronic Book: Thinking in Java, 3rd Edition

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This highly acclaimed online book is intended to provide a thorough introduction to the Java programming language. Spanning sixteen chapters plus appendices, Thinking in Java should be sufficient for all but the most advanced or obscure topics. The book covers the basics of objects, coding style, error handling, the Java input/output system, creating graphical user interfaces, and much more. The full text can be downloaded as a compressed file with additional source code to be used as examples and experimented with. Other electronic books written by the same author are also available on this site and cover C++, Python, and more.

  1. AUTUMN PROGRAMME 2011 3RD OCT -18TH DECREINVENTYOUR FREETIME

    E-print Network

    Oakley, Jeremy

    entrance to Bar One at 13:00. The ice hockey will finish at 16:00. Tickets Ł7. JUDO Judo improves your, falls and techniques that make Judo the exciting and fast paced sport it is. Everybody is welcome

  2. The 1991 3rd NASA Symposium on VLSI Design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Maki, Gary K.

    1991-01-01

    Papers from the symposium are presented from the following sessions: (1) featured presentations 1; (2) very large scale integration (VLSI) circuit design; (3) VLSI architecture 1; (4) featured presentations 2; (5) neural networks; (6) VLSI architectures 2; (7) featured presentations 3; (8) verification 1; (9) analog design; (10) verification 2; (11) design innovations 1; (12) asynchronous design; and (13) design innovations 2.

  3. 3rd International Conference on Turbulent Mixing and Beyond

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abarzhi, Snezhana I.; Gauthier, Serge; Keane, Christopher J.; Niemela, Joseph J.

    2013-07-01

    1. Introduction 'Turbulent Mixing and Beyond' (TMB) is the programme established for scientists, by scientists. It is merit-based, and is shaped by requirements of academic credentials, and novelty and quality of information. The goals of this programme are to expose the generic problem of non-equilibrium turbulent processes to a wide scientific community, to promote the development of new ideas in tackling the fundamental aspects of the problem, to assist in application of novel approaches in a broad range of phenomena, in which the turbulent processes occur, and to have a potential impact on technology. The programme was founded in 2007 with the support of the international scientific community and of the US National Science Foundation, the US Air Force Office of the Scientific Research and its European Office for Research and Development in the UK, the UNESCO-IAEA International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Italy, the Commissariat l'Energie Atomique in France, the US Department of Energy and the Department of Energy National Laboratories, the Institute for Laser Engineering in Japan, and the University of Chicago in the USA. The International Conference on Turbulent Mixing and Beyond provides opportunities to bring together researchers from the areas, which include but are not limited to, fluid dynamics, plasmas, high energy density physics, astrophysics, material science, combustion, atmospheric and earth sciences, nonlinear and statistical physics, applied mathematics, probability and statistics, data processing and computations, optics and communications, and to have their attention focused on the long-standing formidable task of non-equilibrium turbulent processes. 2. Non-equilibrium turbulent processes Non-equilibrium turbulent processes play a key role in a wide variety of phenomena, ranging from astrophysical to atomistic scales, under either high or low energy density conditions. Inertial confinement and magnetic fusion, light-matter interaction and non-equilibrium heat transfer, strong shocks and explosions, material transformation under high strain rate, supernovae and accretion discs, stellar non-Boussinesq and magneto-convection, planetary interiors and mantle-lithosphere tectonics, premixed and non-premixed combustion, non-canonical wall-bounded flows, hypersonic and supersonic boundary layers, dynamics of atmosphere and oceanography, are just a few examples to list. A grip on non-equilibrium turbulent processes is crucial for cutting-edge technology such as laser micro-machining, nano-electronics, free-space optical telecommunications and for industrial applications in the areas of aeronautics and aerodynamics. Non-equilibrium turbulent processes are anisotropic, non-local, multi-scale and multi-phase, and often are driven by shocks or acceleration. Their scaling, spectral and invariant properties differ substantially from those of classical Kolmogorov turbulence. At atomistic and meso-scales, the non-equilibrium dynamics depart dramatically from a standard scenario given by Gibbs statistic ensemble average and quasi-static Boltzmann equation. The singular aspect and the similarity of the non-equilibrium dynamics at macroscopic scales are interplayed with the fundamental properties of the Euler and compressible Navier-Stokes equations and with the problem sensitivity to the boundary conditions at discontinuities. The state-of-the-art numerical simulations of multi-phase flows suggest new methods for predictive modelling of the multi-scale non-equilibrium dynamics in fluids and plasmas, for error estimates and uncertainty quantifications, as well as for novel data assimilation techniques. 3. International Conference 'Turbulent Mixing and Beyond' The First and Second International Conferences on Turbulent Mixing and Beyond found that: (i) TMB-related problems have in common a set of outstanding research issues; (ii) their solution has a potential to significantly advance a variety of disciplines in science, technology and mathematics; (iii) TMB participants conduct highly innovative research and their

  4. Where is the 3rd subgroup of GRBs?

    E-print Network

    I. Horvath; A. Meszaros; L. G. Balazs; Z. Bagoly

    2005-07-29

    It is shown that in the duration-hardness plane the GRBs of the third intermediate subgroup are well defined. Their durations are intermediate (i.e. roughly between 2 and 10 seconds), but their hardnesses are the lowest. They are even softer than the long bursts.

  5. PREFACE: 3rd International Workshop on Infrared Plasma Spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davies, P. B.; Röpcke, Jürgen; Hempel, Frank

    2009-07-01

    This volume containsd a selection of papers from the third Infrared Plasma Spectroscopy (IPS) Workshop held in Greifswald, Germany in July 2008. Although not all the contributions have been written up in time for the deadline for this volume, nevertheless the 12 contributions presented here give a fair representation of the conference topics. The conference comprised four different types of contribution. Firstly, four invited lectures focussed on the prime areas of interest. Secondly, eight shorter contributed talks, grouped as closely as possible with the appropriate invited lecture. These contributed talks covered topics in both pure and applied infrared plasma spectroscopy. A feature of the two previous IPS conferences has been a contribution from commercial organisations namely those involved in manufacturing devices, detectors and spectrometers. This group of participants formed the third part of the conference programme and gave five oral presentations covering topics like QCL and detector/detection developments and novel spectrometer designs. The fourth contributing group comprised 27 poster presentations. It should be mentioned that some of the latter were poster versions of contributed talks. The conference was remarkable for the wide spread of topics covered in a relatively small meeting, consisting of 44 participants. The participants were made up of 34 scientists from within Europe and 4 from the rest of the world. It is interesting to reflect on changes that have occurred since the previous meeting just a year earlier. Two clear developments which have occurred are the emergence of Quantum Cascade Lasers (QCL) and their use in Cavity Ring Down (CRD) spectroscopy. A major shift from cw lead salt diode lasers to cw and pulsed QCL in both pure and applied projects now seems to be well under way. The topics covered in the earlier conferences focussed more on applying infrared spectroscopy to plasma monitoring and control. When choosing the topics to cover the scientific committee felt that this time it would be useful to emphasise new spectroscopic developments as well as covering applications. This might serve as a guide as to where the subject of infrared spectroscopy in combination with plasma sources might be heading in the future i.e. to emphasize pure infrared spectroscopy developments. The first invited lecture (G Guelachvili and N Picque) and the last invited lecture (F K Tittel, Y Bakhirkin, R Curl, A Kosterev, R Lewicki, D Thomasz and S So) were chosen to set the scene and realise this objective. The second (R Engeln, R Zijlmans, S Welzel, O Gabriel, J-P van Helden, J Röpcke and D Schram) and third (X Aubert, C Lazzaroni, D Marinov, O Guaitella, S Welzel, A Pipa, J Röpcke and A Rousseau) invited talks focussed on the application of the IR laser techniques with particular emphasis on the role of surfaces in plasmas and the relevance of plasma surface interactions. Surface plasma interactions did not feature strongly in the two earlier meetings and so this topic too, along with the emphasis on novel infrared spectroscopy techniques, represents a new direction for the conference. Paul B Davies and Jürgen Röpcke International Scientific Committee P B Davies, Cambridge, UK: Chair J Röpcke, Greifswald, Germany: Co-Chair R Engeln, Eindhoven, Netherlands G Hancock, Oxford, U K M Hori, Nagoya, Japan H Linnartz, Leiden, Netherlands R Martini, New York, USA J Meichsner, Greifswald, Germany A Rousseau, Paris, France Local Organizing Committee J Röpcke (INP: Chair) F Hempel (INP: Secretary) J Meichsner (IfP, University of Greifswald) N Lang (INP) L Glawe (INP) C Krcka (INP) B Lindemann (INP) Conference photograph

  6. Laboratory methods in vibrational spectroscopy. 3rd edition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. A. Willis; J. H. van der Maas; R. G. J. Miller

    1987-01-01

    This book is the third edition of a text devoted to sampling and sample preparation methods in IR spectrometry. Earlier editions of the book were entitled Laboratory Methods in Infrared Spectroscopy. As in earlier editions, the current text emphasizes laboratory practices in vibrational spectrometry. Chapter 1 provides the terminology and definitions used in vibrational spectrometry. The next three chapters, which

  7. Structures for the 3rd Generation Reusable Concept Vehicle

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hrinda, Glenn A.

    2001-01-01

    A major goal of NASA is to create an advance space transportation system that provides a safe, affordable highway through the air and into space. The long-term plans are to reduce the risk of crew loss to 1 in 1,000,000 missions and reduce the cost of Low-Earth Orbit by a factor of 100 from today's costs. A third generation reusable concept vehicle (RCV) was developed to assess technologies required to meet NASA's space access goals. The vehicle will launch from Cape Kennedy carrying a 25,000 lb. payload to the International Space Station (ISS). The system is an air breathing launch vehicle (ABLV) hypersonic lifting body with rockets and uses triple point hydrogen and liquid oxygen propellant. The focus of this paper is on the structural concepts and analysis methods used in developing the third generation reusable launch vehicle (RLV). Member sizes, concepts and material selections will be discussed as well as analysis methods used in optimizing the structure. Analysis based on the HyperSizer structural sizing software will be discussed. Design trades required to optimize structural weight will be presented.

  8. Proceedings of the 3rd Annual SCOLE Workshop

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Taylor, Lawrence W., Jr. (compiler)

    1987-01-01

    Topics addressed include: modeling and controlling the Spacecraft Control Laboratory Experiment (SCOLE) configurations; slewing maneuvers; mathematical models; vibration damping; gravitational effects; structural dynamics; finite element method; distributed parameter system; on-line pulse control; stability augmentation; and stochastic processes.

  9. Growth and mineral nutrition of field crops 3rd Edition

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Green revolution technology of last century led to increased production. The green revolution, however, did not link farming system sustainability to food system sustainability as a whole. In recent years the rate of food-grain production has been lower than the rate of population growth. This will ...

  10. Semiconductor Material and Device Characterization, 3rd Edition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schroder, Dieter K.

    2005-12-01

    Semiconductor Material and Device Characterizationis the only book on the market devoted to the characterization techniques used by the modern semiconductor industry to measure diverse semiconductor materials and devices. It covers the full range of electrical and optical characterization methods while thoroughly treating the more specialized chemical and physical techniques. In the third edition, Professor Schroder has rewritten parts of each chapter and added two new chapters (Charge Based Measurements and Failure Analysis and Reliability), redrawn and updated most figures, and included new problems and approximately 100 new references. * New end of chapter problems * Outdated figures have been redone and replaced with current data * Up-to-date bibliography with over 1400 references * Professor Schroder is recognized as the authority in the field of semiconductor characterization

  11. 3 rd generation mobile systems umts\\/imt-2000

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J-P Charles

    2001-01-01

    \\u000a Abstract  When International Telecommunication Union (itu) identified in 1992 new frequency bands for third generation mobile systems,\\u000a few people were really convinced that there was a need for such systems because the first second generation systems (like\\u000a gsm in Europe) were recently launched and nobody could imagine at that time that 8 years later penetrations rates for voice\\u000a will exceed 50%

  12. Developmental Surface and Phonological Dysgraphia in German 3rd Graders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cholewa, Jurgen; Mantey, Stefanie; Heber, Stefanie; Hollweg, Wibke

    2010-01-01

    The investigation of developmental reading and spelling disorders within the framework provided by cognitive neuropsychology has yielded interesting results for several alphabetic orthographies, for example English, Italian, and French. However, this approach has not attracted much attention in German speaking countries up to now. The following…

  13. Microstructure Modeling of 3rd Generation Disk Alloy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jou, Herng-Jeng

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this initiative, funded by NASA's Aviation Safety Program, is to model, validate, and predict, with high fidelity, the microstructural evolution of third-generation high-refractory Ni-based disc superalloys during heat treating and service conditions. This initiative is a natural extension of the DARPA-AIM (Accelerated Insertion of Materials) initiative with GE/Pratt-Whitney and with other process simulation tools. Strong collaboration with the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) is a key component of this initiative and the focus of this program is on industrially relevant disk alloys and heat treatment processes identified by GRC. Employing QuesTek s Computational Materials Dynamics technology and PrecipiCalc precipitation simulator, physics-based models are being used to achieve high predictive accuracy and precision. Combining these models with experimental data and probabilistic analysis, "virtual alloy design" can be performed. The predicted microstructures can be optimized to promote desirable features and concurrently eliminate nondesirable phases that can limit the reliability and durability of the alloys. The well-calibrated and well-integrated software tools that are being applied under the proposed program will help gas turbine disk alloy manufacturers, processing facilities, and NASA, to efficiently and effectively improve the performance of current and future disk materials.

  14. Two-dimensional VLWIR arrays for Meteosat 3rd generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Hanna; A. Bauer; H. Bitterlich; M. Bruder; M. Haiml; K. Hofmann; K.-M. Mahlein; H.-P. Nothaft; T. Schallenberg; J. Wendler; R. Wollrab; J. Ziegler

    2009-01-01

    The mission success of the geostationary operational satellite system Meteosat Third Generation (MTG) will significantly depend on the instrument performance in the very long wavelength infrared (VLWIR) spectral range. As far as dark current behavior, homogeneity, and operability are concerned, the VLWIR constitutes a major challenge for sensor material improvement and device development. This paper reports on the latest results

  15. Hospitals, nursing homes turn to 3rd-party financing

    SciTech Connect

    Slaff, J.

    1982-07-05

    Experience is teaching the administrators of hospitals and nursing homes how to make better arrangements for third-party financing of energy-management systems. Accustomed to health-insurance reimbursement for health-care costs, hospitals have lacked incentives for conservation. Plans now used most by hospitals and health-care facilities involve third-party arrangements where: (1) an equipment vendor installs equipment and takes a share of the energy-cost savings; or (2) energy-services firms both install capital-intensive equipment and implement a variety of low-cost conservation measures, again for a percentage of the savings. Although most users think these arrangements are satisfactory, they advise a preliminary low-cost audit and participation in a basic energy-management seminar before employing an energy-services firm. Accurate baseline energy-consumption data should be developed in order to evaluate results, and assurance is needed that staff members understand the accounting formulas. Also recommended are independent audits after installation and attention to the legal clauses in contracts. (DCK)

  16. SEER EXTENT OF DISEASE -- 1988, 3rd Edition

    Cancer.gov

    SEER EXTENT OF DISEASE -- 1988 CODES AND CODING INSTRUCTIONS THIRD EDITION JANUARY 1998 Prepared by the Cancer Statistics Branch Surveillance Program Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences National Cancer Institute U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service National Institutes of Health Effective for cases diagnosed January 1, 1988 forward.

  17. Curriculum Vitae for Hanzhi Lin Last modified: 3rd

    E-print Network

    and Analysis on Early Development of Green Tide in Yellow Sea. Advisors: Prof. Song Qin (Institute. Jiang, Z. Liu, W. Wei, H. Lin, F. Li, J. Wang and S. Qin (accepted). The Yellow Sea green tides from

  18. YORK UNIVERSITY Founded in 1959 and today Canada's 3rd

    E-print Network

    in downtown Toronto: Osgoode Professional Development Centre and Miles S. Nadal Management Centre, Schulich #12;LIBRARIES The four branches of York University Libraries are host to more than 3 million visitors with 280+ partnerships with international universities, attracting international students with roots

  19. The Development of TAFE in Australia. 3rd Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goozee, Gillian

    This document traces the development of Australia's technical and further education (TAFE) system, which offers a wide range of courses providing education and training for employment at the operative, trade, and paraprofessional levels, as well as general education and literacy programs. The following are among the topics discussed: (1) general…

  20. The Art of Problem Posing. 3rd Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Stephen I.; Walter, Marion I.

    2005-01-01

    The new edition of this classic book describes and provides a myriad of examples of the relationships between problem posing and problem solving, and explores the educational potential of integrating these two activities in classrooms at all levels. "The Art of Problem Posing, Third Edition" encourages readers to shift their thinking about problem…

  1. Pocket Profile of Community Colleges: Trends & Statistics. 3rd Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association of Community Colleges, Washington, DC.

    This brief profile discusses trends and statistics for American community colleges. It identifies the top five programs at community colleges as: (1) dental hygiene; (2) manufacturing process technology; (3) telecommunications/interactive information specialists; (4) physical therapy assistant; and (5) registered nursing. Other highlights include:…

  2. Conference Centre Tariff for the period 3rd

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    /coffee and biscuits (a.m. and p.m.) Two course sandwich lunch served with Fairtrade coffee/tea and fruit juice. Audio-visual equipment Free car parking Table/room set up includes: Filtered mineral water dispensers Note paper, pen hot and cold buffet lunch served with coffee/tea and individual bottles of fruit juice. Fresh fruit

  3. Learning in Adulthood: A Comprehensive Guide, 3rd Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merriam, Sharan B.; Caffarella, Rosemary S.; Baumgartner, Lisa M.

    2006-01-01

    In this updated landmark book, the authors have gathered the seminal work and most current thinking on adult learning into one volume. This book addresses a wide range of topics including: Who are adult learners? How do adults learn? Why are adults involved in learning activities? How does the social context shape the learning that adults are…

  4. Discipline with Dignity, 3rd Edition: New Challenges, New Solutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curwin, Richard L.; Mendler, Allen N.; Mendler, Brian D.

    2008-01-01

    Since 1988, this landmark publication has given thousands of teachers timeless advice on not only how to prevent and solve discipline problems but also how to teach discipline as an affirming approach that promotes respect for self and others. Now this expanded 20th Anniversary Edition extends the authors' wisdom to new principles for coping with…

  5. 3rd Grade Common Core State Standards Flip Book

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This 60-page pdf document demonstrates the connections between the CCSS content standards and the mathematical practice standards. It is a compilation of research, standards from several states, instructional strategies, common misconceptions, and examples for each standard at the grade 3 level. It is intended to help teachers understand what each standard means in terms of what students must know and be able to do. Additional flip books are cataloged separately for grades K-2 and 4-5.

  6. EMSL Quarterly Highlights Report: FY 2008, 3rd Quarter

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Showalter; Mary Ann

    2008-01-01

    The EMSL Quarterly Highlights Report covers the science, staff and user recognition, and publication activities that occurred during the 1st quarter (October 2007 - December 2007) of Fiscal Year 2008.

  7. Genre 3rd Grade Unit Lesson 2: Fantasy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    ReadWorks

    2012-03-23

    In this third grade resource examining genre, students will identify the characteristics of fantasy. First, students will receive guided practice in identifying characteristics of fantasy using the text Zathura by Chris Van Allsburg. Next, students will work independently by selecting a text of their own to identify characteristics of fantasy.

  8. Assignment 2, Due November 3rd, 2010 (Worth 10%)

    E-print Network

    Dudek, Gregory

    force proportional to the time spend on them. From forces to velocity commands: Angular velocity: )( r discontinuity. Linear velocity: project the cumulative force along the orientation of the robot and use to the location of the last sonar scan using a Wavefront planner. 2. 20%) Use a potential field to guide a robot

  9. Monday 3rd June 2013 Time Workshop Location

    E-print Network

    .00 I don't know what I want to do when I leave Uni NBS 3.22 10.00 Networking: make it work for you NBS-operative Group) See programme for booking arrangements NBS 3.14 14.30 How to write great CVs NBS 3.22 14.30 Networking: make it work for you NBS 3.24 14.30 Considering Teaching? NBS 3.25 14.30 Find that job! NBS 3

  10. Teaching Low Achieving and Disadvantaged Students, 3rd Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hargis, Charles H.

    2006-01-01

    This new edition updates and expands the previous volume and continues to reflect the concepts and the reasons behind learning and behavior problems of low achieving and disadvantaged students. Through the chapters, the author describes instructional levels and independent levels, emphasizing that success is produced by finding the place on the…

  11. Performance Plan: Progress Report, 3rd Quarter Fiscal Year 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education, Washington, DC. Student Financial Assistance.

    The U.S. Department of Education Student Financial Assistance (SFA) outlines its three major objectives for fiscal year 2000 in its progress report. The objectives are: 1)customer satisfaction; 2) reduction in the overall cost of delivering student aid; and 3) employee satisfaction. Several new capabilities were added to the Direct Loan servicing…

  12. An Ultracold Neutron Source for TRIUMF 3rd Draft #

    E-print Network

    Martin, Jeff

    ­II source at the ILL reactor. The TRIUMF source figures are quoted for 5 kW average power delivered with Location Technology critical energy storage time limiting density E c (neV) # s (s) # UCN (UCN/cm 3 ) TRIUMF spallation He­II 210 150 1.8 × 10 4 ILL Grenoble reactor He­II 250 150 1000 SNS ORNL CN beam He

  13. SURVEY OF DRY SO2 CONTROL SYSTEMS (3RD)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report is the third on the status of dry flue gas desulfurization (FGD) processes in the U.S. It reviews current and recently completed research, development, and commercial activities. Dry FGD systems covered include: (1) spray dryers with a fabric filter or an electrostatic...

  14. Dual-band antireflection coatings on 3rd Gen lenses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas D. Rahmlow Jr.; Jeanne E. Lazo-Wasem; Jay N. Vizgaitis; Justin Flanagan-Hyde

    2011-01-01

    Use of a dual band FPA necessitates an optical system that is capable of imaging both mid wave infrared (MWIR) and long wave infrared (LWIR) spectral bands simultaneously. Such optical system can have up to 10 lenses, (20 surfaces that require antireflection (AR) coatings) which, if 95% transmitting in each band, will result in overall throughput of just under 60%1.

  15. NIST Special Publication 800-16 Revision 1 (3rd

    E-print Network

    Technology/ Cybersecurity Training Patricia Toth Penny Klein I N F O R M A T I O N S E C U R I T Y #12;NIST/ Cybersecurity Training Patricia Toth Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory Penny Klein is responsible for developing information technology/cybersecurity standards and guidelines, including minimum

  16. NS&T Management Observations - 3rd Quarter

    SciTech Connect

    David Gianotto

    2014-07-01

    The INL Management Observation Program (MOP) is designed to improve managers and supervisors understanding of work being performed by employees and the barriers impacting their success. The MOP also increases workers understanding of managements’ expectations as they relate to safety, security, quality, and work performance. Management observations are designed to improve the relationship and trust between employees and managers through increased engagement and interactions between managers and researchers in the field. As part of continuous improvement, NS&T management took initiative to focus on the participation and quality of observations in FY 14. This quarterly report is intended to (a) summarize the participation and quality of management’s observations, (b) assess observations for commonalities or trends related to facility or process barriers impacting research, and (c) provide feedback and make recommendations for improvements NS&T’s MOP.

  17. Biomaterials October 3rd & 4th, 2013 Traverse City, Michigan

    E-print Network

    , and plant sap in terrestrial ecosystems and algae in aquatic ecosystems. Issues: From a life cycle of the Conference: `to position institutions of higher learning in the State of Michigan to work with other sectors

  18. Airfield construction (3rd revised and enlarged edition)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goretskii, Leonid I.; Boguslavskii, Adol'f. M.; Serebrenikov, Vadim A.; Barzdo, V. I.; Leshchitskaia, T. P.; Polosin-Nikitin, S. M.

    The principal engineering aspects of airfield construction are discussed. In particular, attention is given to the fundamental principles and organizational aspects of airfield construction; excavation work and airfield layout; construction of drainage systems; foundations and pavements; and quality control and safety engineering. The discussion also covers the operation of various support plants, including concrete production and mixing, production of asphalt-concrete mixtures and organic binders, production of structural steel and reinforced concrete components, and operation of stone quarries and gravel pits.

  19. Airfield construction (3rd revised and enlarged edition)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leonid I. Goretskii; Adol'f. M. Boguslavskii; Vadim A. Serebrenikov; V. I. Barzdo; T. P. Leshchitskaia; S. M. Polosin-Nikitin

    1991-01-01

    The principal engineering aspects of airfield construction are discussed. In particular, attention is given to the fundamental principles and organizational aspects of airfield construction; excavation work and airfield layout; construction of drainage systems; foundations and pavements; and quality control and safety engineering. The discussion also covers the operation of various support plants, including concrete production and mixing, production of asphalt-concrete

  20. Ridge augmentation with soft tissue procedures in aesthetic dentistry: first clinical results measured with a new kind of moire technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Studer, Stephan P.; Bucher, Andreas; Mueller, Felix

    1993-09-01

    The oral health of the Swiss population was significantly improved by the successful prevention of dental caries and periodontitis. Along with the healthy dentition the demand for aesthetic dentistry is increasing. Removable partial dentures are becoming less accepted. Therefore, to substitute lost teeth by permanent fixed partial prosthesis (bridges), the often deformed alveolar ridge has to be operated, either to improve the aesthetic appearance or to make it possible to restore the missing teeth by a fixed cemented bridge. The aim of this paper is (1) to evaluate whether the moire technique is an appropriate and handy method, and (2) to validate the precision of the new method. The measuring system consisted of a moire projector with an integrated phase shift device and a moire viewer with a CCD video camera, connected to a frame grabber in a personal computer. a highly versatile software was allowed to control the system as well as to grab the moire images using the four-phase shift technique in order to compute the phase image of the actual object. The new technique was validated with one solid test object measured by a 3D coordination, high precision measuring machine.