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1

CONSERVE SU SALUD DURANTE UN DESASTRE Alimentos y agua  

E-print Network

CONSERVE SU SALUD DURANTE UN DESASTRE Alimentos y agua Las situaciones de emergencia pueden afectar para tres días de 1 galon de agua por persona y por día para beber, higiene y cocinar. Mantengase hidratado bebiendo ocho vasos de 8 onzas de agua por día. #12;Los programas educativos de Texas A&M Agri

2

UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE SANTA CATARINA CENTRO UNIVERSITRIO DE ESTUDOS E PESQUISAS SOBRE DESASTRES  

E-print Network

DESASTRES ESPECIALIZA??O EM PLANEJAMENTO E GEST?O EM DEFESA CIVIL AS RESPONSABILIDADES NA DECRETA??O DE DESASTRES ESPECIALIZA??O EM PLANEJAMENTO E GEST?O EM DEFESA CIVIL AS RESPONSABILIDADES NA DECRETA??O DE DESASTRES ESPECIALIZA??O EM PLANEJAMENTO E GEST?O EM DEFESA CIVIL A Comissão Examinadora, abaixo assinada

3

Retabla en sus 25 aos  

E-print Network

otro escenario, Roberto Moll y Jos Tejera, quien se fue a pertenecer al elenco de los grandes en el paraninfo de la eternidad y supervisar las nuevas actuaciones cada da arrollan en la escena. Qu hermoso fue celebrar las Bodas de Plata, con el...FALL 1996 151 Rajatabla en sus 25 aos Alfonso Gutirrez Nueve mil ciento veinticinco das de lucha incansable para lograr demostrar que Latinoamrica vive y siente por sus dramaturgos, actores, compositores, directores y productores, que...

Gutié rrez, Alfonso

1996-10-01

4

Consecuencias macroeconmicas del auge en los mercados financieros de Mxico durante 1986-1987  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduccin. A partir de 1982 el sistema financiero en Mxico se ha venido modificando considerablemente; en dicho aos los bancos fueron tomados por el Estado y el flujo de crdito externo(en terminos netos) se interrumpi. En consecuencia el gobierno mexicano se vio forzado a replantear el modelo de desarrollo que la economa seguira; nuevas fuentes de financiamiento tuvieron que encontrarse

Gonzalo Castaeda

1990-01-01

5

El ciclo global del carbono y sus consecuencias en la fotosntesis en el Altiplano boliviano Carbon global cycle and its consequences on photosynthesis in the Bolivian Altiplano  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global carbon cycle is described considering the carbon fluxes between the atmosphere and the terrestrial biosphere, and the perturbations due to human activity: nitrogen deposition, increased atmospheric CO2 and induced climatic warming. These global changes increase plant production and then carbon storage in tree biomass and soil organic matter. The Bolivian Altiplano with long fallow agrosystems is affected by

B. Saugier; J. Y. Pontailler

6

Vctimas de violencia familiar: Consecuencias psicolgicas en hijos de mujeres maltratadas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen: Las mujeres y los nios son las principales vctimas que sufren la violencia domstica o familiar. Mientras que en el caso de las mujeres maltratadas existe una creciente proliferacin tanto de investigaciones como de recursos de ayuda, la atencin e intervencin sobre las conse- cuencias que se derivan para sus hijos es todava bastante escasa. El obje- tivo del

Rosa Patr Hernndez; Rosa Mara; Limiana Gras

7

LA CALIDAD Y SUS SISTEMAS DE GESTIN  

Microsoft Academic Search

El desarrollo constante de la ciencia y la tcnica imponen cada da mayores exigencias a la industria del software; exigencias medidas en trminos de productividad y calidad. Esto lleva a las organizaciones a la necesidad de reducir sus costos sin afectar la calidad, adems de satisfacer los requerimientos y plazos de entrega exigidos por los clientes, de tal manera que

Juan Carlos Mayo Alegre; Yuslaidys Avila Puig

2010-01-01

8

Outgassing Rate Measurement of SUS430 Vacuum Chamber  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For reliable and stable operation of a particle accelerator, it is necessary to shield the accelerated particles inside the vacuum chambers from unwanted external stray magnetic fields. Instead of an external shield, it can be quite efficient to design a vacuum chamber itself as a magnetic shield. Therefore, we have developed a vacuum chamber with magnetic shielding properties by using the magnetic material SUS430. For this chamber not only magnetic shielding is required, but also a low outgassing rate, so that it can be used for a high intensity particle accelerator. First, we measured the outgassing rate of SUS430 using small samples with the differential pressure flow method. The results suggested that SUS430 is compatible with our low outgassing rate requirement. Then a vacuum chamber designed for installation into the synchrotron was manufactured using SUS430, and it was confirmed that the outgassing rate of the chamber is low enough.

Kato, Shinichi; Kamiya, Junichiro; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Kinsho, Michikazu

9

Bovine Tuberculosis in a Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) in Poland.  

PubMed

Abstract Poland is officially tuberculosis free and bovine tuberculosis (BTB) cases are rarely found except in bovids. We found BTB in a wild boar (Sus scrofa) in the Bieszczady Mountains, southeastern Poland. Studies suggest possible transmission of infection between free-living European bison (Bison bonasus caucasicus) and wild boar in this area. PMID:25075538

Krajewska, Monika; Lipiec, Marek; Zabost, Anna; Augustynowicz-Kope?, Ewa; Szulowski, Krzysztof

2014-10-01

10

La computacin y sus versiones : El Debate del Software  

E-print Network

La computación y sus versiones : El Debate del Software Software Libre vs. Software Privativo Pablo controladas por el código (el software). Pero ... ¿Quién controla el código? ¿De quién recibe órdenes tu computadora? ¿Tenemos derecho a saber exactamente qué hace nuestra computadora? #12;¿Qué es el Software Libre

De Nápoli, Pablo Luis

11

Las Nuevas Tecnologas de Vehculos Diesel (y sus  

E-print Network

Las Nuevas Tecnologías de Vehículos Diesel (y sus emisiones) Arón Jazcilevich Con la colaboración El 36% de las PM2.5 es emitido por los vehículos a diesel (autobuses y tractocamiones). ahora se consideran las emisiones de Diesel como causantes de cáncer de pulmón (Silverman, et al, 2011). #12;Emisiones

Grutter, Michel

12

Diffusion welding of SUS304L stainless steel to titanium  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this study are first to investigate the relationship between the diffusion welding parameters and quality of SUS304L stainless steel\\/titanium diffusion?welded joints, and second to develop a bonding method to obtain sound joints, by vacuum heat treatment for surface control. The equipment used consists of an ultra?high vacuum chamber and surface analysis chamber with Auger device.The strength of

O. O. Hashi; K. El; H. Irie

1996-01-01

13

Nuevos escenarios de la migraci?n M?xico-Estados Unidos. Las consecuencias de la guerra antiinmigrante  

PubMed Central

La historia de la migracin Mxico-Estados Unidos se caracteriza por una serie de periodos durante los cuales los patrones migratorios se transforman y evolucionan como respuesta a los cambios en la poltica migratoria de Estados Unidos. En la dcada de 1990 se dio uno de estos cambios, lo que provoc el paso de la era de la contradiccin a la era de la marginalizacin. Actualmente, un gran nmero de migrantes indocumentados permanecen al margen de la ley, precisamente en un periodo en el que las penas se han incrementado y la persecucin ha alcanzado niveles rcord. De manera cada vez ms notoria, los migrantes indocumentados, por la represin interna y fronteriza, quedan obligados a romper los lazos que los vinculaban con sus lugares de destino, pero al mismo tiempo se sienten cada vez ms extraos en una tierra donde la aplicacin de polticas antiinmigrantes es cosa de todos los das, lo que los sita en una posicin de marginalizacin y gran vulnerabilidad. PMID:21209790

MASSEY, Douglas S.; PREN, Karen A.; DURAND, Jorge

2010-01-01

14

En sus propias palabras: Vctor Hugo Rascn Banda  

E-print Network

tena dos empleos de tiempo completo); lo dijo todo cuando les pidi a cuatro abogados en trajes finos que esperaran en la recepcin mientras l y yo tombamos caf y hablbamos de su mundo verdadero, el mundo de la creacin. Aqu, en sus propias... construy las tres carabelas y acompa a Coln en su viaje al nuevo mundo". Enton ces, es el primero que lleg. Despus arriba ron los siguientes y ya con la conquista de Mxico a trabajar las minas. Y se fueron; unos se quedaron en Guatemala, otros en...

Day, Stuart A.

2005-01-01

15

Choriocarcinoma-like tumor in a potbellied pig (Sus scrofa).  

PubMed

A uterine tumor, with histological and immunohistochemical features consistent with those of human choriocarcinoma, was identified in a 10-year-old unmated female pot-bellied pig (Sus scrofa). The tumor showed biphasic proliferation of cytotrophoblast-like cells and syncytiotrophoblast-like cells. Immunohistochemically, the syncytiotrophoblast-like cells were positive for human chorionic gonadotropin, and both types of cells were positive for cytokeratin and negative for vimentin, octamer-binding transcription factor 4, and ?-fetoprotein. Because syncytiotrophoblasts are absent in the normal porcine placenta, the tumor was diagnosed as a choriocarcinoma-like tumor. PMID:24352226

Hirata, Akihiro; Miyazaki, Aya; Sakai, Hiroki; Imada, Nanae; Kitani, Ryohei; Nikami, Hideki; Yanai, Tokuma

2014-01-01

16

Serosurvey of leptospirosis in feral hogs (Sus scrofa) in Florida.  

PubMed

Leptospira is a global pathogen of emerging public health importance in both developing and industrialized nations and can infect almost all mammalian species, including humans. As suburbanization and the popularity of outdoor recreational activities increases, so do human-wildlife and companion animal-wildlife interfaces. Florida offers a tropical climate favorable for outdoor activities and a semirural landscape that sustains an abundant feral hog population. Because no survey ofleptospirosis in feral hogs (Sus scrofa) in Florida has been published to our knowledge, we sought to establish preliminary seroprevalence ofleptospirosis exposure in feral hogs in Florida. Blood samples were collected opportunistically from 158 male and 166 female feral hogs taken at managed hunts and by permitted trappers in the northern, central, and southern regions of Florida. Samples were then analyzed using the microscopic agglutination test (MAT) for antibody titers to 20 Leptospira serovars representing 17 serogroups. A titer of > 1:100 was considered positive; 33% (107/324 total samples) were positive to at least one serovar, and 46% of those were positive to multiple serovars. Antibodies to L. interrogans serovar Bratislava strain Jez Bratislava (serogroup Australis) was the most common, with 18% (58/324) testing positive for antibodies. These initial data indicate that there is a significant possibility of feral hogs having a larger role in the complex etiology of leptospirosis in Florida than historically estimated and that further investigation is warranted. PMID:23805559

Chatfield, Jenifer; Milleson, Michael; Stoddard, Robyn; Bui, Duy M; Galloway, Renee

2013-06-01

17

Sus scrofa domestica endoparasitic resistance in the Amazonas.  

PubMed

The domestic pig (Sus scrofa domestica L.) has been wild breeding in the Varzea Amazonian Estuary area. Without dietary supplement or medical prevention, the pigs survive, bringing economic benefits to local peasants. Endoparasitic diseases generate economic losses because of neonatal death and clinical disease. We assessed the nematoda (O. Nematoda) and coccidia (O. Eucoccidia) parasitic level and tolerance in 75 pigs (0-18 months) from 35 families using the following methods: (i) larvae culture, (ii) Hoffman, (iii) Willis-Mollay (Hoffman 1987) and (iv) postmortem examinations. We identified Eimeria species Strongyloidea and S. ransomi present in 60% of the cases, giving a mean of 336 and 520 EPG (eggs per gram of feces), respectively. Culturing the larvae showed S. ransomi in 47% and Oseophagostomum sp. in 17% of the cases. We found Stephanurus dentatus and Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus adults in 77% and 23% of the postmortem tests, respectively. Pig resistance was demonstrated by lack of mortality and no clinical disease symptoms, in the presence of that high endoparasitic load. PMID:8784532

Rodrigues, D L; Hiraoka, M

1996-07-23

18

Results of fracture mechanics tests on PNC SUS 304 plate  

SciTech Connect

PNC provided SUS 304 plate to be irradiated in FFTF at about 400/sup 0/C to a target fluence of 5 x 10/sup 21/ n/cm/sup 2/ (E > 0.1 MeV). The actual irradiation included two basically different exposure levels to assure that information would be available for the exposure of interest. After irradiation, tensile properties, fatigue-crack growth rates and J-integral fracture toughness response were determined. These same properties were also measured for the unirradiated material so radiation damage effects could be characterized. This report presents the results of this program. It is expected that these results would be applicable for detailed fracture analysis of reactor components. Recent advances in elastic-plastic fracture mechanics enable reasonably accurate predictions of failure conditions for flawed stainless steel components. Extensive research has focused on the development of J-integral-based engineering approach for assessing the load carrying capacity of low-strength, high-toughness structural materials. Furthermore, Kanninen, et al., have demonstrated that J-integral concepts can accurately predict the fracture response for full-scale cracked structures manufactured from Type 304 stainless steel.

Mills, W.J.; James, L.A.; Blackburn, L.D.

1985-08-01

19

Mutual interference considered power allocation in OFDM-based cognitive networks: the multiple SUs case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Power allocation for secondary users (SUs) in cognitive networks is an important issue to ensure the SUs quality of service.\\u000a When the mutual interference between the primary users (PUs) and the SUs is taken into consideration, it is wanted to achieve\\u000a the conflict-free power allocation while synchronously maximizing the capacity of the secondary network. In this paper, the\\u000a optimal power

Chengshi Zhao; Mingrui Zou; Kyungsup Kwak

2010-01-01

20

ViSUS: Visualization Streams for Ultimate Scalability  

SciTech Connect

In this project we developed a suite of progressive visualization algorithms and a data-streaming infrastructure that enable interactive exploration of scientific datasets of unprecedented size. The methodology aims to globally optimize the data flow in a pipeline of processing modules. Each module reads a multi-resolution representation of the input while producing a multi-resolution representation of the output. The use of multi-resolution representations provides the necessary flexibility to trade speed for accuracy in the visualization process. Maximum coherency and minimum delay in the data-flow is achieved by extensive use of progressive algorithms that continuously map local geometric updates of the input stream into immediate updates of the output stream. We implemented a prototype software infrastructure that demonstrated the flexibility and scalability of this approach by allowing large data visualization on single desktop computers, on PC clusters, and on heterogeneous computing resources distributed over a wide area network. When processing terabytes of scientific data, we have achieved an effective increase in visualization performance of several orders of magnitude in two major settings: (i) interactive visualization on desktop workstations of large datasets that cannot be stored locally; (ii) real-time monitoring of a large scientific simulation with negligible impact on the computing resources available. The ViSUS streaming infrastructure enabled the real-time execution and visualization of the two LLNL simulation codes (Miranda and Raptor) run at Supercomputing 2004 on Blue Gene/L at its presentation as the fastest supercomputer in the world. In addition to SC04, we have run live demonstrations at the IEEE VIS conference and at invited talks at the DOE MICS office, DOE computer graphics forum, UC Riverside, and the University of Maryland. In all cases we have shown the capability to stream and visualize interactively data stored remotely at the San Diego Supercomputing Center or monitor in real-time simulation codes executed on a cluster of PC's at LLNL.

Pascucci, V

2005-02-14

21

Internet y sus aplicaciones al sector turstico E. Furio -M. Alonso Matilde Alonso Prez  

E-print Network

Internet y sus aplicaciones al sector turístico E. Furio -M. Alonso - 1 - Matilde Alonso Pérez-00119439,version1-24Dec2006 #12;Internet y sus aplicaciones al sector turístico E. Furio -M. Alonso - 2 - Resumen: El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las aplicaciones que Internet tiene en el sector

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

22

[Analysis of the progressivity of Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) financing].  

PubMed

This article analyzes the level of progressivity in taxes financing the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS). Distribution of the tax burden financing the SUS was calculated using micro-data from the Household Budgets Survey, 2002-2003. The Kakwani index, which shows a tax system's level of progressivity, was calculated. The Kakwani index of public financing was -0.008, and SUS financing was nearly proportional to income. From a social justice perspective this is highly undesirable in a society like Brazil, with a Gini index of 0.57. The system should be clearly progressive in order to counterbalance the country's extreme income concentration. PMID:16832531

Ug, Maria Alicia Domnguez; Santos, Isabela Soares

2006-08-01

23

Lo que usted debe saber antes de dar sus tejidos para investigacin mdica  

Cancer.gov

Contiene informacin sobre las cosas que usted debe saber y tener en cuenta al tomar una decisin de donar sus tejidos para investigacin. El tejido puede incluir materiales de su cuerpo tales como piel, cabello, uas, sangre y orina.

24

Defect structures in nickel and SUS304SS formed by the collapse of cavitation bubbles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A mercury target in high-power spallation neutron sources is subjected to pressure waves induced by a proton beam. The subsequent formation and collapse of cavitation bubbles lead to cavitation damage on the target vessel, especially the beam window. The cavitation damage in Ni and austenitic stainless steel SUS304SS were studied by using an electro-Magnetic IMpact Testing Machine (MIMTM) developed to simulate the damage. The existence of dislocations, stacking fault tetrahedra and vacancies was detected by positron annihilation lifetime measurements in Ni, and non-cellular dislocation structures were observed by transmission electron microscopy in Ni and SUS304SS. In addition, a high density of twins was observed in SUS304SS. These results were compared with those of high-speed compression tests using a high-speed projectile, proving that the cavitation damage caused by MIMTM corresponded to high-speed deformation.

Yoshiie, T.; Sato, K.; Xu, Q.; Komatsu, M.; Futakawa, M.; Naoe, T.; Kawai, M.

2010-03-01

25

ORIGINAL PAPER Do intensive drive hunts affect wild boar (Sus scrofa) spatial  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL PAPER Do intensive drive hunts affect wild boar (Sus scrofa) spatial behaviour in Italy. Hunting . Human disturbance . Drive hunt Introduction Over the last 50 years, wild boar have increased 1986; Communicated by F.-J. Kaup L. Scillitani (*) :A. Monaco :S. Toso National Wildlife Institute, via

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

26

Identification of the chromosomes of the domestic pig (Sus scrofa domestica) (1)  

E-print Network

Identification of the chromosomes of the domestic pig (Sus scrofa domestica) (1) An identification- tation of the banding patterns, all the regions and bands of the nineteen pairs of chromosomes different arrangements of pig chromosomes in karyotype have been used in recent years, even since

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

27

Cmo expresar sus deseos sobre su cuidado y tratamiento 450 Brookline Ave.  

E-print Network

para cuidados de salud? Los avances de la medicina moderna han salvado vidas y mejorado la calidad de.dana-farber.org Decisiones para cuidados de salud: planificación por adelantado Usted tiene derecho a tomar las decisiones para sus propios cuidados de salud. Sin embargo, una enfermedad o un accidente grave podría impedir que

Liu, Xiaole Shirley

28

Una entrevista con Ins Margarita Stranger (Chile) y sus personajes femeninos  

E-print Network

FALL 1996 89 Una entrevista con Ins Margarita Stranger (Chile) y sus personajes femeninos Pedro Bravo-Elizondo A la fecha, su vida contempla un ttulo como teatrista por la Universidad Catlica de Chile en la cual es profesora en la Escuela de...

Bravo-Elizondo, Pedro

1996-10-01

29

SHORT COMMUNICATION Wild boar (Sus scrofa) harvesting using the espera hunting  

E-print Network

SHORT COMMUNICATION Wild boar (Sus scrofa) harvesting using the espera hunting method: side effects impacts in many popula- tions. We investigated the sex ratio and age class structure in hunting bags of wild boar harvested by espera-- nocturnal single hunt at bait--during four hunting seasons in Alentejo

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

30

A Study of Instructional Faculty Salaries at USF, SUS and National Peers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates 10-year trends in instructional faculty salaries by sex and rank for USF, five SUS Peers (UF, FSU, FIU, UCF, FAU) and eight National Peers (North Carolina State, Alabama-Birmingham, Illinois-Chicago, California-Irvine, SUNY-Stony Brook, SUNY-Buffalo, Cincinnati, Rutgers). Methods: Historical instructional faculty salary

Micceri, Theodore

2010-01-01

31

Contenido del programa de estudios Conceptos generales. Biomolculas. Agua, sus propiedades e interacciones.  

E-print Network

Contenido del programa de estudios Bioquímica Conceptos generales. Biomoléculas. Agua, sus propiedades e interacciones. Hidrofobicidad. Polaridad. Capacidad disolvente del agua. Agua y PH. Constante de disociación del agua y PH. Sistema bicarbonato-ácidocarbónico. Proteínas. Aminoácidos. Características

32

Ultramafic Rocks: Their Soils, Vegetation and Fauna Rocas Ultramficas: Sus Suelos, Vegetacin y Fauna  

E-print Network

Ultramafic Rocks: Their Soils, Vegetation and Fauna Rocas Ultramáficas: Sus Suelos, Vegetación y Caledonia y los Estados Unidos. El volumen incluye artículos sobre los temas siguientes: · Geología y suelos, · Flora, fitogeografía y vegetación de Cuba y otras regiones, · Microbiología de suelos ultramáficos

Boyd, Robert S.

33

Sus Derechos La Ley de Ausencia Familiar y Mdica de 1993  

E-print Network

Sus Derechos bajo La Ley de Ausencia Familiar y Médica de 1993 La Ley de Ausencia Familiar y Médica ocupan a 50 empleados o más del mismo patrón. Razones para Solicitar Ausencia: Tiene derecho un empleado. · Al regresar de una ausencia los empleados tienen el derecho a su trabajo original o a un trabajo

34

Biochemical and Molecular Characterization of RcSUS1, a Cytosolic Sucrose Synthase Phosphorylated in Vivo at Serine 11 in Developing Castor Oil Seeds.  

PubMed

Sucrose synthase (SUS) catalyzes the UDP-dependent cleavage of sucrose into UDP-glucose and fructose and has become an important target for improving seed crops via metabolic engineering. A UDP-specific SUS homotetramer composed of 93-kDa subunits was purified to homogeneity from the triacylglyceride-rich endosperm of developing castor oil seeds (COS) and identified as RcSUS1 by mass spectrometry. RcSUS1 transcripts peaked during early development, whereas levels of SUS activity and immunoreactive 93-kDa SUS polypeptides maximized during mid-development, becoming undetectable in fully mature COS. The cytosolic location of the enzyme was established following transient expression of RcSUS1-enhanced YFP in tobacco suspension cells and fluorescence microscopy. Immunological studies using anti-phosphosite-specific antibodies revealed dynamic and high stoichiometric in vivo phosphorylation of RcSUS1 at its conserved Ser-11 residue during COS development. Incorporation of (32)Pi from [?-(32)P]ATP into a RcSUS1 peptide substrate, alongside a phosphosite-specific ELISA assay, established the presence of calcium-dependent RcSUS1 (Ser-11) kinase activity. Approximately 10% of RcSUS1 was associated with COS microsomal membranes and was hypophosphorylated relative to the remainder of RcSUS1 that partitioned into the soluble, cytosolic fraction. Elimination of sucrose supply caused by excision of intact pods of developing COS abolished RcSUS1 transcription while triggering the progressive dephosphorylation of RcSUS1 in planta. This did not influence the proportion of RcSUS1 associated with microsomal membranes but instead correlated with a subsequent marked decline in SUS activity and immunoreactive RcSUS1 polypeptides. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 appears to protect RcSUS1 from proteolysis, rather than influence its kinetic properties or partitioning between the soluble cytosol and microsomal membranes. PMID:25313400

Fedosejevs, Eric T; Ying, Sheng; Park, Joonho; Anderson, Erin M; Mullen, Robert T; She, Yi-Min; Plaxton, William C

2014-11-28

35

SUS-BAR: a database of pig proteins with statistically validated structural and functional annotation.  

PubMed

Given the relevance of the pig proteome in different studies, including human complex maladies, a statistical validation of the annotation is required for a better understanding of the role of specific genes and proteins in the complex networks underlying biological processes in the animal. Presently, approximately 80% of the pig proteome is still poorly annotated, and the existence of protein sequences is routinely inferred automatically by sequence alignment towards preexisting sequences. In this article, we introduce SUS-BAR, a database that derives information mainly from UniProt Knowledgebase and that includes 26 206 pig protein sequences. In SUS-BAR, 16 675 of the pig protein sequences are endowed with statistically validated functional and structural annotation. Our statistical validation is determined by adopting a cluster-centric annotation procedure that allows transfer of different types of annotation, including structure and function. Each sequence in the database can be associated with a set of statistically validated Gene Ontologies (GOs) of the three main sub-ontologies (Molecular Function, Biological Process and Cellular Component), with Pfam functional domains, and when possible, with a cluster Hidden Markov Model that allows modelling the 3D structure of the protein. A database search allows some statistics demonstrating the enrichment in both GO and Pfam annotations of the pig proteins as compared with UniProt Knowledgebase annotation. Searching in SUS-BAR allows retrieval of the pig protein annotation for further analysis. The search is also possible on the basis of specific GO terms and this allows retrieval of all the pig sequences participating into a given biological process, after annotation with our system. Alternatively, the search is possible on the basis of structural information, allowing retrieval of all the pig sequences with the same structural characteristics. PMID:24065691

Piovesan, Damiano; Profiti, Giuseppe; Martelli, Pier Luigi; Fariselli, Piero; Fontanesi, Luca; Casadio, Rita

2013-01-01

36

Cytochrome b based genetic differentiation of Indian wild pig (Sus scrofa cristatus) and domestic pig (Sus scrofa domestica) and its use in wildlife forensics.  

PubMed

The Indian wild pig (Sus scrofa cristatus) is a protected species and listed in the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. The wild pig is often hunted illegally and sold in market as meat warranting punishment under law. To avoid confusion in identification of these two subspecies during wildlife forensic examinations, we describe genetic differentiation of Indian wild and domestic pigs using a molecular technique. Analysis of sequence generated from the partial fragment (421bp) of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) cytochrome b (Cyt b) gene exhibited unambiguous (>3%) genetic variation between Indian wild and domestic pigs. We observed nine forensically informative nucleotide sequence (FINS) variations between Indian wild and domestic pigs. The overall genetic variation described in this study is helpful in forensic identification of the biological samples of wild and domestic pigs. It also helped in differentiating the Indian wild pig from other wild pig races. This study indicates that domestic pigs in India are not descendent of the Indian wild pig, however; they are closer to the other wild pig races found in Asia and Europe. PMID:23601732

Gupta, Sandeep Kumar; Kumar, Ajit; Hussain, Syed Ainul; Vipin; Singh, Lalji

2013-06-01

37

Prevalence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in South Korean wild boar (Sus scrofa coreanus).  

PubMed

Abstract Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite and a commonly encountered pathogen in humans and animals. The wild boar (Sus scrofa coreanus) is considered a good indicator when monitoring environmental contamination by T. gondii. We surveyed the prevalence of antibodies against T. gondii in wild boars from South Korea. Blood samples were collected from 426 wild boars captured in eight provinces of South Korea during the hunting seasons in 2008-12. Antibodies against T. gondii were detected using an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in samples from 152 of boars, indicating an overall antibody prevalence of 36% (95% confidence interval=31-40%). PMID:25014905

Jeong, Wooseog; Yoon, Hachung; Kim, Yong Kwan; Moon, Oun-Kyong; Kim, Do-Soon; An, Dong-Jun

2014-10-01

38

Prevalence of Leptospira and Brucella antibodies in wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Tuscany, Italy.  

PubMed

Five hundred sixty-two blood samples were collected from wild boars (Sus scrofa) shot in six districts of Tuscany, central Italy, between 1997 and 2000. Sera were examined for antibodies specific for Leptospira interrogans by microagglutination test and Brucella spp. by the Rose Bengal test and indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Thirty-four (6.0%) samples tested positive for anti-Leptospira antibodies, 29 (5.1%) sera were positive for anti-L. interrogans serovar bratislava antibodies (titres ranging from 1:100-1:400), and 5 (0.9%) sera were positive for anti-L. interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae antibodies (titres 1:100). All the examined sera were negative for anti-Brucella antibodies. PMID:14567237

Ebani, Valentina V; Cerri, Domenico; Poli, Alessandro; Andreani, Ernesto

2003-07-01

39

[The Citizen Constitution and the 25th anniversary of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS)].  

PubMed

This article, celebrating the 25th anniversary of Brazil's 1988 Constitution, aims to review the country's social policy development, discuss political projects, and analyze challenges for the sustainability of the Unified National Health System (SUS). Based on public policymaking studies, the article revisits the origins of liberal social policy, focused on social assistance, and analyzes the hegemony of U.S. policies targeting poverty and their repercussions for universal policies. After identifying the formulation of political projects in Brazil's democratic transition, it discusses their implications during the various Administrations since 1988, along with the difficulties faced by the National Health System. The article concludes that the political forces occupying government in the last two decades have failed to present a project for the country on the same level as those who drafted the Citizen Constitution. PMID:24127081

Paim, Jairnilson Silva

2013-10-01

40

High prevalence of hepatitis E virus in wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan.  

PubMed

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) causes a food- and water-borne disease in humans, and Japanese wild boar (Sus scrofa leucomystax) meat is one of the most important sources of infection in Japan. We tested 113 serum samples from wild boar captured in Shimonoseki City, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan from 2010 to 2012. Serum samples were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using virus-like particles as antigen and nested reverse-transcription PCR (RT-PCR). Anti-HEV IgG antibodies were detected in 47 of the 113 wild boar serum samples (42%), and HEV RNA was detected in five samples (4%). Sequence analysis showed that the five HEV isolates belonged to genotype 4, forming a cluster with a previous isolate from a human hepatitis E case in this region in 2011. These results indicate that wild boar in this region are infected with potentially pathogenic HEV at a high prevalence. PMID:24506423

Hara, Yuka; Terada, Yutaka; Yonemitsu, Kenzo; Shimoda, Hiroshi; Noguchi, Keita; Suzuki, Kazuo; Maeda, Ken

2014-04-01

41

Fracture toughness of partially welded joints of SUS316 in high magnetic field at 4K  

SciTech Connect

Two kinds of partially welded austenitic stainless steel joints were prepared using SUS 316, 75 mm thick. One joint was fabricated using tungsten inert gas welding and metal arc gas welding, and the other was electron beam welded. Compact tension specimens for fracture toughness tests were machined out from these welded plates in the thickness direction. The fracture toughness tests of these specimens with natural cracks were carried out in 0, 8, and 14 T fields at 4 K. The test results show that there is no strong effect of the high magnetic field on the fracture toughness of these joints, and the electron beam welded joints give a very low toughness in any case because of the complicated natural crack front shape.

Nishimura, A.; Yamamoto, J.; Motojima, O. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Gifu (Japan)] [and others

1997-06-01

42

Hydrogen Environment Embrittlement Evaluation in Fatigue Properties of Stainless Steel SUS304L at Cryogenic Temperatures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A very simple and safe mechanical properties testing procedure to evaluate hydrogen environment embrittlement (HEE) in the environment of high pressure and low temperature hydrogen has been developed. In this method, the high-pressure hydrogen environment is produced just inside the hole in the specimen. In this work, the effect of HEE on fatigue property for an austenitic stainless steel SUS304L was evaluated at 298, 190, and 20 K. The tests at 20 K were carried out using a cryostat with a Gifford-McMahan (GM) refrigerator. It took about 10 hours to cool specimens from room temperature to 20 K in the cryostat. The effect of HEE in fatigue properties was observed at higher stress level in room temperature and 190 K, but it was not clear at 20 K.

Ogata, T.

2010-04-01

43

Study on electron beam weld joints between pure vanadium and SUS316L stainless steel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mechanical and metallographical properties of the electron beam weld joints between pure vanadium (V) and SUS316L austenitic stainless steel and the effect of post-welding heat treatment (PWHT) at 873 and 1273 K for 1 h on these properties were investigated. The electron beam was shifted by 0.2 mm (EB02S), 0.4 mm (EB04S), and 0.6 mm (EB06S) on the SUS316L side. No significant defects (e.g., pores, macro-cracks, or micro-cracks) were observed in the as-welded EB02S and EB04S joints, whereas a non-welded region was formed in the as-welded EB06S joint. Much higher hardness was observed in the weld metal (WM) of the as-welded EB02S and EB04S joints than in the base metals (BMs), which might be attributed to solution hardening. A significant increment in the hardness of the WM of EB02S joint occurred due to the PWHT at 873 and 1273 K, which might be attributed to solution hardening and formation of Ni2V3 and NiV3 precipitates. Almost no change in the hardness due to the PWHT at 873 and 1273 K occurred in the WM of the EB04S joint. The interlayer was formed at the edge of the WM of the V side only in the post-welding heat-treated EB04S joint. The interlayer showed much higher hardness than the BMs and WM, which might be attributable to solution hardening, formation of ? phase of the Fe-V system, and formation of Ni2V3 and NiV3 precipitates.

Nogami, Shuhei; Miyazaki, Jumpei; Hasegawa, Akira; Nagasaka, Takuya; Muroga, Takeo

2013-11-01

44

Cali y las consecuencias econmicas del narcotrfico  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the nineties, Cali went through a series of events that resulted into a crisis. In the same decade happened: the economic liberalization, the largest mortgage crisis over the past 30 years of the country, the crisis in public finances of the city and the upsurge of drug trafficking. These factors, jointly, had adverse consequences for the economic growth of

Andrea Otero

2012-01-01

45

Genome sequencing reveals fine scale diversification and reticulation history during speciation in Sus  

PubMed Central

Background Elucidating the process of speciation requires an in-depth understanding of the evolutionary history of the species in question. Studies that rely upon a limited number of genetic loci do not always reveal actual evolutionary history, and often confuse inferences related to phylogeny and speciation. Whole-genome data, however, can overcome this issue by providing a nearly unbiased window into the patterns and processes of speciation. In order to reveal the complexity of the speciation process, we sequenced and analyzed the genomes of 10 wild pigs, representing morphologically or geographically well-defined species and subspecies of the genus Sus from insular and mainland Southeast Asia, and one African common warthog. Results Our data highlight the importance of past cyclical climatic fluctuations in facilitating the dispersal and isolation of populations, thus leading to the diversification of suids in one of the most species-rich regions of the world. Moreover, admixture analyses revealed extensive, intra- and inter-specific gene-flow that explains previous conflicting results obtained from a limited number of loci. We show that these multiple episodes of gene-flow resulted from both natural and human-mediated dispersal. Conclusions Our results demonstrate the importance of past climatic fluctuations and human mediated translocations in driving and complicating the process of speciation in island Southeast Asia. This case study demonstrates that genomics is a powerful tool to decipher the evolutionary history of a genus, and reveals the complexity of the process of speciation. PMID:24070215

2013-01-01

46

Neospora caninum exposure in overlapping populations of coyotes (Canis latrans) and feral swine (Sus scrofa).  

PubMed

Limited information exists on Neospora caninum transmission dynamics in wildlife. This coccidian parasite, whose presence can lead to substantial economic losses in cattle operations, requires a canid definitive host for reproduction. We examined exposure in a definitive host, coyotes (Canis latrans), and in overlapping populations of feral swine (Sus scrofa) to determine if spatial proximity between a definitive and incidental host influences the likelihood of parasite exposure. Eighteen percent of coyotes (95% confidence interval [CI] = 14.2-21.8) and 15.8% of feral swine (95% CI = 12.5-19.2) had been exposed to N. caninum, and this is the first report of exposure in US feral swine populations. Analyses suggest that the parasite is present throughout the environment and that exposure is not temporally or spatially linked to antibody-positive coyotes. Antibody-positive feral swine were found in an area where the only definitive host is domestic dogs (Canis familiaris), indicating that wild canids are not required to maintain the parasite in the environment. PMID:24502735

Bevins, Sarah; Blizzard, Emily; Bazan, Luis; Whitley, Pat

2013-10-01

47

Identification and antimicrobial resistance of microflora colonizing feral pig (Sus scrofa) of Brazilian Pantanal.  

PubMed Central

Antimicrobial resistance of bacteria is a worldwide problem affecting wild life by living with resistant bacteria in the environment. This study presents a discussion of outside factors environment on microflora of feral pigs (Sus scrofa) from Brazilian Pantanal. Animals had samples collected from six different body sites coming from two separated geographic areas, Nhecolandia and Rio Negro regions. With routine biochemical tests and commercial kits 516 bacteria were identified, with 240 Gram-positive, predominantly staphylococci (36) and enterococci (186) strains. Among Gram-negative (GN) bacteria the predominant specimens of Enterobacteriaceae (247) mainly represented by Serratia spp. (105), Escherichia coli (50), and Enterobacter spp. (40) and specimens not identified (7). Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested against 17 drugs by agar diffusion method. Staphylococci were negative to production of enterotoxins and TSST-1, with all strains sensitive towards four drugs and highest resistance toward ampicillin (17%). Enterococci presented the highest sensitivity against vancomycin (98%), ampicillin (94%) and tetracycline (90%), and highest resistance pattern toward oxacillin (99%), clindamycin (83%), and cotrimoxazole (54%). In GN the highest resistance was observed with Serratia marcescens against CFL (98%), AMC (66%) and AMP (60%) and all drugs was most effective against E. coli SUT, TET (100%), AMP, TOB (98%), GEN, CLO (95%), CFO, CIP (93%). The results show a new profile of oxacillin-resistant enterococci from Brazilian feral pigs and suggest a limited residue and spreading of antimicrobials in the environment, possibly because of low anthropogenic impact reflected by the drug susceptibility profile of bacteria isolated. PMID:24031689

Lessa, SS; Paes, RCS; Santoro, PN; Mauro, RA; Vieira-da-Motta, O

2011-01-01

48

Digestible energy content of pasture species in growing European wild boar (Sus scrofa L.).  

PubMed

The objectives were to determine the apparent energy digestibility of six pasture species frequently grazed by European wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) and to estimate the digestible energy (DE) consumption from pasture by grazing wild boar. Seven diets were prepared; a base diet (BD) which did not contain any pasture species, diets D1 to D5 which included 75% of the BD and 25% of the dried pasture species Lolium perenne (D1), Festuca arundinacea (D2), Agrostis capillaris (D3), Bromus staminius (D4) or Trifolium repens (D5) and D6 which contained 85% BD and 15% dried Plantago lanceolata. Seven purebred European wild boar (initial liveweight 24.4 0.8 kg, average SEM) were given access to the diets following a Latin Square design. The animals received each diet for eight days, with faecal sampling on days 6, 7 and 8. The total apparent DE consumption from pasture by grazing wild boar was estimated using previously collected pasture consumption data from wild boar. The digestibility coefficients and DE contents of the pasture species ranged from 0.29 to 0.65, and 5.8 to 12.6 MJ/kg DM respectively, with L. perenne and P. lanceolata having the greatest digestibility coefficients and DE contents. The wild boar were estimated to satisfy between 52% and 142% of their maintenance energy requirements through pasture consumption. Grazing wild boar are able to utilise an important proportion of the energy present in pasture species. PMID:21575078

Quijada, R P; Bitsch, N I; Hodgkinson, S M

2012-06-01

49

Light-absorbing Aerosol Properties in the Kathmandu Valley during SusKat-ABC Field Campaign  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Light-absorbing aerosols, such as black carbon (BC), are major contributors to the atmospheric heating and the reduction of solar radiation reaching at the earth's surface. In this study, we investigate light-absorption and scattering properties of aerosols (i.e., BC mass concentration, aerosol solar-absorption/scattering efficiency) in the Kathmandu valley during Sustainable atmosphere for the Kathmandu valley (SusKat)-ABC campaign, from December 2012 to February 2013. Kathmandu City is among the most polluted cities in the world. However, there are only few past studies that provide basic understanding of air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley, which is not sufficient for designing effective mitigation measures (e.g., technological, financial, regulatory, legal and political measures, planning strategies). A distinct diurnal variation of BC mass concentration with two high peaks observed during wintertime dry monsoon period. BC mass concentration was found to be maximum around 09:00 and 20:00 local standard time (LST). Increased cars and cooking activities including substantial burning of wood and other biomass in the morning and in the evening contributed to high BC concentration. Low BC concentrations during the daytime can be explain by reduced vehicular movement and cooking activities. Also, the developmements of the boundary layer height and mountain-valley winds in the Kathmandu Valley paly a crucial role in the temproal variation of BC mass concentrations. Detailed radiative effects of light-absorbing aerosols will be presented.

Kim, S.; Yoon, S.; Kim, J.; Cho, C.; Jung, J.

2013-12-01

50

An Analysis of Recent Enrollment, Discipline and Graduation Trends among Females and Underrepresented Minorities at SUS Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increased numbers of minority students as well as increased numbers of Florida high school graduates entering higher education in Florida have influenced Florida SUS [State University System] enrollment and graduation characteristics. This study of 510,952 undergraduate students shows that between the years 1996 and 2003, the number of entering

Micceri, Theodore; Borman, Kathy

2006-01-01

51

La competitividad internacional de las empresas espaolas y sus factores condicionantes. Algunas reflexiones desde la historia empresarial  

Microsoft Academic Search

El artculo analiza la competitividad internacional de las empresas espaolas en los siglos XIX y XX y sus factores condicionantes a partir de las investigaciones realizadas por la historia industrial y empresarial durante los ltimos veinte aos. En concreto, se examinan cuatro factores: la iniciativa empresarial, la tecnologa y el capital humano; el tamao relativo de las empresas y del

Jess Mara Valdaliso Gago

2004-01-01

52

SusDesign An approach for a sustainable process system design and its application to a thermal power plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a structured process design approach, SusDesign, for the sustainable development of process systems. At each level of process design, design alternatives are generated using a number of thermodynamic tools and applying pollution prevention strategies followed by analysis, evaluation and screening processes for the selection of potential design options. The evaluation and optimization are carried out based on

Khandoker Abul Hossain; Faisal Khan; Kelly Hawboldt

2010-01-01

53

Ancient mitochondrial DNA reveals the origin of Sus scrofa from Rebun Island, Japan.  

PubMed

The Kabukai A site (5 to 8C A.D.) of the Okhotsk cultural area is on Rebun Island, a small island near the coast, north-northwest of Hokkaido, Japan. Specimens of Sus scrofa, called the Sakhalin pig, were discovered in five cultural layers at the Kabukai A site. Ancient DNA was extracted from the remains of 42 Sakhalin pig bones. Thirty-nine nucleotide sequences of the 574-bp mitochondrial DNA control region, estimated to have originated from at least 21 individuals, were amplified and analyzed phylogenetically. Nine distinct haplotypes (A1, A2, A3, B1, B2, C1, C2, D1, and D2) from this site were classified into four haplotype groups (A, B, C, and D) by parsimonious network analysis. Phylogenetic analysis of 9 ancient and 55 modern haplotypes indicated that the population of Sakhalin pigs at the Kabukai A site belonged to two distinct clusters; haplotype groups A and B formed a cluster comprised only of themselves, and haplotype groups C and D belonged to the cluster of one of the two genetic groups of Japanese wild boars uniquely distributed in the western part of Japan, including one northeast Mongolian wild boar. Analysis of the haplotype distribution among three archaeological sites and their historical transitions among the five layers reflecting the cultural periods at the Kabukai A site suggests that the Sakhalin pig populations were introduced from Sakhalin island and the Amur River basin in the northeastern Eurasian continent together with some cultural influences. PMID:11428465

Watanobe, T; Ishiguro, N; Okumura, N; Nakano, M; Matsui, A; Hongo, H; Ushiro, H

2001-03-01

54

Characterization of Sus scrofa Small Non-Coding RNAs Present in Both Female and Male Gonads  

PubMed Central

Small non-coding RNAs (sncRNAs) are indispensable for proper germ cell development, emphasizing the need for greater elucidation of the mechanisms of germline development and regulation of this process by sncRNAs. We used deep sequencing to characterize three families of small non-coding RNAs (piRNAs, miRNAs, and tRFs) present in Sus scrofa gonads and focused on the small RNA fraction present in both male and female gonads. Although similar numbers of reads were obtained from both types of gonads, the number of unique RNA sequences in the ovaries was several times lower. Of the sequences detected in the testes, 2.6% of piRNAs, 9% of miRNAs, and 10% of tRFs were also present in the ovaries. Notably, the majority of the shared piRNAs mapped to ribosomal RNAs and were derived from clustered loci. In addition, the most abundant miRNAs present in the ovaries and testes are conserved and are involved in many biological processes such as the regulation of homeobox genes, the control of cell proliferation, and carcinogenesis. Unexpectedly, we detected a novel sncRNA type, the tRFs, which are 3036-nt RNA fragments derived from tRNA molecules, in gonads. Analysis of S. scrofa piRNAs show that testes specific piRNAs are biased for 5? uracil but both testes and ovaries specific piRNAs are not biased for adenine at the 10th nucleotide position. These observations indicate that adult porcine piRNAs are predominantly produced by a primary processing pathway or other mechanisms and secondary piRNAs generated by ping-pong mechanism are absent. PMID:25415416

Kowalczykiewicz, Dorota; ?wiercz, Aleksandra; Handschuh, Luiza; Le?niak, Katarzyna; Figlerowicz, Marek; Wrzesinski, Jan

2014-01-01

55

Gene expression profile suggests that pigs (Sus scrofa) are susceptible to Anaplasma phagocytophilum but control infection  

PubMed Central

Background Anaplasma phagocytophilum infects a wide variety of hosts and causes granulocytic anaplasmosis in humans, horses and dogs and tick-borne fever in ruminants. Infection with A. phagocytophilum results in the modification of host gene expression and immune response. The objective of this research was to characterize gene expression in pigs (Sus scrofa) naturally and experimentally infected with A. phagocytophilum trying to identify mechanisms that help to explain low infection prevalence in this species. Results For gene expression analysis in naturally infected pigs, microarray hybridization was used. The expression of differentially expressed immune response genes was analyzed by real-time RT-PCR in naturally and experimentally infected pigs. Results suggested that A. phagocytophilum infection affected cytoskeleton rearrangement and increased both innate and adaptive immune responses by up regulation of interleukin 1 receptor accessory protein-like 1 (IL1RAPL1), T-cell receptor alpha chain (TCR-alpha), thrombospondin 4 (TSP-4) and Gap junction protein alpha 1 (GJA1) genes. Higher serum levels of IL-1 beta, IL-8 and TNF-alpha in infected pigs when compared to controls supported data obtained at the mRNA level. Conclusions These results suggested that pigs are susceptible to A. phagocytophilum but control infection, particularly through activation of innate immune responses, phagocytosis and autophagy. This fact may account for the low infection prevalence detected in pigs in some regions and thus their low or no impact as a reservoir host for this pathogen. These results advanced our understanding of the molecular mechanisms at the host-pathogen interface and suggested a role for newly reported genes in the protection of pigs against A. phagocytophilum. PMID:22935149

2012-01-01

56

Valuacin actuarial de bonos catastrficos para desastres naturales en Mxico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Floods, hurricanes and earthquakes occur every year in Mexico. These natural phenomena can be considered as catastrophes if they produce large economic damages in the affected areas. In these cases it is required a huge amount of money to provide relief to the catastrophe victims and areas. Usually, in Mexico it is the local and\\/or federal governments that are responsible

Juan Jos Fernndez-Durn; M. Mercedes Gregorio-Domnguez

2005-01-01

57

Indirect versus direct detection methods of Trichinella spp. infection in wild boar (Sus scrofa)  

PubMed Central

Background Trichinella spp. infections in wild boar (Sus scrofa), one of the main sources of human trichinellosis, continue to represent a public health problem. The detection of Trichinella spp. larvae in muscles of wild boar by digestion can prevent the occurrence of clinical trichinellosis in humans. However, the analytical sensitivity of digestion in the detection process is dependent on the quantity of tested muscle. Consequently, large quantities of muscle have to be digested to warrant surveillance programs, or more sensitive tests need to be employed. The use of indirect detection methods, such as the ELISA to detect Trichinella spp. infections in wild boar has limitations due to its low specificity. The aim of the study was to implement serological detection of anti-Trichinella spp. antibodies in meat juices from hunted wild boar for the surveillance of Trichinella spp. infections. Methods Two tests were used, ELISA for the initial screening test, and a specific and sensitive Western blot (Wb) as a confirmatory test. The circulation of anti-Trichinella IgG was determined in hunted wild boar muscle juice samples in 9 provinces of 5 Italian regions. Results From 1,462 muscle fluid samples, 315 (21.5%, 95% C.I. 19.51-23.73) were tested positive by ELISA. The 315 ELISA-positive muscle fluid samples were further tested by Wb and 32 (10.1%, 95% C.I. 7.29-13.99) of these were positive with a final seroprevalence of 2.2% (95% C.I 1.55-3.07; 32/1,462). Trichinella britovi larvae were detected by artificial digestion in muscle tissues of one (0.07%, 95%C.I. 0.01-0.39) out of the 1,462 hunted wild boars. No Trichinella spp. larvae were detected in Wb-negative wild boar. From 2006 to 2012, a prevalence of 0.017% was detected by muscle digestion in wild boar hunted in the whole Italian territory. Conclusions The combined use of both serological methods had a sensitivity 31.4 times higher than that of the digestion (32/1,462 versus 1/1,462), suggesting their potential use for the surveillance of the Trichinella spp. infection in wild boar populations. PMID:24708795

2014-01-01

58

The Investigation on Welding Processes for SUS316LN Tubes Used in Superconducting Magnetic System of EAST  

Microsoft Academic Search

The force flow cooled superconducting cable-in-conduit conductor (CICC) is used in both of EAST toroidal field (TF) and poloidal field (PF) coils. The conductor consists of multi-stage NbTi superconducting cable and 1.5 mm thick square jacket. The cable is pulled through in a thin wall circular jacket and then compacted to square cross-section conductor. The jacket material is SUS316LN austenitic

Jiefeng Wu; Siyue Chen; Peide Weng; Daming Gao

2005-01-01

59

Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in the Wild Boar (Sus scrofa): A Comparison of Methods Applicable to Hunter-Harvested Animals  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundTo obtain robust epidemiological information regarding tuberculosis (TB) in wildlife species, appropriate diagnostic methods need to be used. Wild boar (Sus scrofa) recently emerged as a major maintenance host for TB in some European countries. Nevertheless, no data is available to evaluate TB post-mortem diagnostic methods in hunter-harvested wild boar.Methodology\\/Principal FindingsSix different diagnostic methods for TB were evaluated in parallel

Nuno Santos; Margarida Geraldes; Andreia Afonso; Virglio Almeida; Margarida Correia-Neves

2010-01-01

60

CONSTRUCCIN SOCIAL DE UN ESPACIO PBLICO EN LA CIUDAD DE MXICO: LA PLAZA ZARCO Y SUS JVENES*  

E-print Network

and social injustice are visible.From their vulnerable situation,what are the possibi- lities13 CONSTRUCCI?N SOCIAL DE UN ESPACIO P?BLICO EN LA CIUDAD DE M?XICO: LA PLAZA ZARCO Y SUS J?VENES de un espacio público, como punto de partida para el análisis de las dinámicas sociales de jóvenes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

61

Derechos Bsicos de Ausencia La Ley de Ausencia Familiar y Mdica (FMLA-por sus siglas en ingls) exige  

E-print Network

Derechos Básicos de Ausencia La Ley de Ausencia Familiar y Médica (FMLA-por sus siglas en inglés condición de salud seria que le impida al empleado desempeñar su puesto. Derechos de Ausencia Para Familias avisado de una llamada a estado de servicio activo bajo cobertura pueden usar su derecho de ausencia de 12

Rock, Chris

62

Phylogeny and ancient DNA of Sus provides insights into neolithic expansion in Island Southeast Asia and Oceania  

PubMed Central

Human settlement of Oceania marked the culmination of a global colonization process that began when humans first left Africa at least 90,000 years ago. The precise origins and dispersal routes of the Austronesian peoples and the associated Lapita culture remain contentious, and numerous disparate models of dispersal (based primarily on linguistic, genetic, and archeological data) have been proposed. Here, through the use of mtDNA from 781 modern and ancient Sus specimens, we provide evidence for an early human-mediated translocation of the Sulawesi warty pig (Sus celebensis) to Flores and Timor and two later separate human-mediated dispersals of domestic pig (Sus scrofa) through Island Southeast Asia into Oceania. Of the later dispersal routes, one is unequivocally associated with the Neolithic (Lapita) and later Polynesian migrations and links modern and archeological Javan, Sumatran, Wallacean, and Oceanic pigs with mainland Southeast Asian S. scrofa. Archeological and genetic evidence shows these pigs were certainly introduced to islands east of the Wallace Line, including New Guinea, and that so-called wild pigs within this region are most likely feral descendants of domestic pigs introduced by early agriculturalists. The other later pig dispersal links mainland East Asian pigs to western Micronesia, Taiwan, and the Philippines. These results provide important data with which to test current models for human dispersal in the region. PMID:17360400

Larson, Greger; Cucchi, Thomas; Fujita, Masakatsu; Matisoo-Smith, Elizabeth; Robins, Judith; Anderson, Atholl; Rolett, Barry; Spriggs, Matthew; Dolman, Gaynor; Kim, Tae-Hun; Thuy, Nguyen Thi Dieu; Randi, Ettore; Doherty, Moira; Due, Rokus Awe; Bollt, Robert; Djubiantono, Tony; Griffin, Bion; Intoh, Michiko; Keane, Emile; Kirch, Patrick; Li, Kuang-Ti; Morwood, Michael; Pedrina, Lolita M.; Piper, Philip J.; Rabett, Ryan J.; Shooter, Peter; Van den Bergh, Gert; West, Eric; Wickler, Stephen; Yuan, Jing; Cooper, Alan; Dobney, Keith

2007-01-01

63

Unveiling novel interactions of histone chaperone Asf1 linked to TREX-2 factors Sus1 and Thp1.  

PubMed

Anti-silencing function 1 (Asf1) is a conserved key eukaryotic histone H3/H4 chaperone that participates in a variety of DNA and chromatin-related processes. These include the assembly and disassembly of histones H3 and H4 from chromatin during replication, transcription, and DNA repair. In addition, Asf1 is required for H3K56 acetylation activity dependent on histone acetyltransferase Rtt109. Thus, Asf1 impacts on many aspects of DNA metabolism. To gain insights into the functional links of Asf1 with other cellular machineries, we employed mass spectrometry coupled to tandem affinity purification (TAP) to investigate novel physical interactions of Asf1. Under different TAP-MS analysis conditions, we describe a new repertoire of Asf1 physical interactions and novel Asf1 post-translational modifications as ubiquitination, methylation and acetylation that open up new ways to regulate Asf1 functions. Asf1 co-purifies with several subunits of the TREX-2, SAGA complexes, and with nucleoporins Nup2, Nup60, and Nup57, which are all involved in transcription coupled to mRNA export in eukaryotes. Reciprocally, Thp1 and Sus1 interact with Asf1. Albeit mRNA export and GAL1 transcription are not affected in asf1? a strong genetic interaction exists between ASF1 and SUS1. Notably, supporting a functional link between Asf1 and TREX-2, both Sus1 and Thp1 affect the levels of Asf1-dependent histone H3K56 acetylation and histone H3 and H4 incorporation onto chromatin. Additionally, we provide evidence for a role of Asf1 in histone H2B ubiquitination. This work proposes a functional link between Asf1 and TREX-2 components in histone metabolism at the vicinity of the nuclear pore complex. PMID:24824343

Pamblanco, Merc; Oliete-Calvo, Paula; Garca-Oliver, Encar; Luz Valero, M; Sanchez del Pino, Manuel M; Rodrguez-Navarro, Susana

2014-01-01

64

High Prevalence of Co-Infection with Multiple Torque Teno Sus Virus Species in Italian Pig Herds  

PubMed Central

Torque teno viruses (TTVs) are a large group of vertebrate-infecting small viruses with circular single-stranded DNA, classified in the Anelloviridae family. In swine, two genetically distinct species, Torque teno sus virus 1a (TTSuV1a) and 1b (TTSuV1b) are currently grouped into the genus Iotatorquevirus. More recently, a novel Torque teno sus virus species, named Torque teno sus virus k2b (TTSuVk2b), has been included with Torque teno sus virus k2a (TTSuVk2a) into the genus Kappatorquevirus. In the present study, TTSuV1 (TTSuV1a and TTSuV1b), TTSuVk2a and TTSuVk2b prevalence was evaluated in 721 serum samples of healthy pigs from Sardinian farms, insular Italy. This is the largest study to date on the presence of TTSuV in healthy pigs in Italy. The global prevalence of infection was 83.2% (600/721), being 62.3% (449/721), 60.6% (437/721), and 11.5% (83/721) the prevalence of TTSuV1, TTSuVk2a and TTSuVk2b, respectively. The rate of co-infection with two and/or three species was also calculated, and data show that co-infections were significantly more frequent than infections with single species, and that TTSuV1+TTSuVk2a double infection was the prevalent combination (35.4%). Quantitative results obtained using species-specific real time-qPCR evidenced the highest mean levels of viremia in the TTSuV1 subgroup, and the lowest in the TTSuVk2b subgroup. Interestingly, multiple infections with distinct TTSuV species seemed to significantly affect the DNA load and specifically, data highlighted that double infection with TTSuVk2a increased the viral titers of TTSuV1, likewise the co-infection with TTSuVk2b increased the titers of TTSuVk2a. PMID:25411972

Blois, Sylvain; Mallus, Francesca; Liciardi, Manuele; Pilo, Cristian; Camboni, Tania; Macera, Lisa; Maggi, Fabrizio; Manzin, Aldo

2014-01-01

65

SusG: A Unique Cell-Membrane-Associated [alpha]-Amylase from a Prominent Human Gut Symbiont Targets Complex Starch Molecules  

SciTech Connect

SusG is an {alpha}-amylase and part of a large protein complex on the outer surface of the bacterial cell and plays a major role in carbohydrate acquisition by the animal gut microbiota. Presented here, the atomic structure of SusG has an unusual extended, bilobed structure composed of amylase at one end and an unprecedented internal carbohydrate-binding motif at the other. Structural studies further demonstrate that the carbohydrate-binding motif binds maltooligosaccharide distal to, and on the opposite side of, the amylase catalytic site. SusG has an additional starch-binding site on the amylase domain immediately adjacent to the active cleft. Mutagenesis analysis demonstrates that these two additional starch-binding sites appear to play a role in catabolism of insoluble starch. However, elimination of these sites has only a limited effect, suggesting that they may have a more important role in product exchange with other Sus components.

Koropatkin, Nicole M.; Smith, Thomas J. (Danforth)

2010-09-21

66

Interfacial Reactions of Sn-58Bi and Sn-9Zn Lead-Free Solders with Au/Ni/SUS304 Multilayer Substrate  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The liquid/solid interfacial reactions of Sn-58Bi (SB) and Sn-9Zn (SZ) lead-free solders with Au/Ni/SUS304 multilayer substrates have been investigated in this study. In the SB/Au/Ni/SUS304 couple, only the Ni3Sn4 phase with needle-like grains was formed at the SB/Au/Ni/SUS304 interface. The Ni5Zn21 phase with a column structure was formed at the SZ/Au/Ni/SUS304 interface. The thickness of both intermetallic compounds (IMCs) increased with increasing reaction temperature and time. Meanwhile, the growth mechanism of these two IMCs is seen to follow a parabolic law and is diffusion controlled.

Yen, Yee-Wen; Liaw, Da-Wei; Chen, Kuen-Da; Chen, Hao

2010-11-01

67

Al2O3/SUS304 Brazing via AgCuTi-W Composite as Active Filler  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Alumina ceramic (?-Al2O3) was brazed to stainless steel (SUS304) using an Ag-Cu-Ti + W composite filler and a traditional active brazing filler alloy (CuSil-ABA). Then, the effects of the presence of W particles and of the brazing parameters on the microstructures and mechanical properties of the brazed joints were investigated. The maximum tensile strength of the joints obtained using Ag-Cu-Ti + W composite filler was 13.2 MPa, which is similar to that obtained using CuSil-ABA filler (13.5 MPa). When the joint was brazed at 930 C for 30 min, the tensile strengths decreased for both kinds of fillers, although the strength was slightly higher for the Ag-Cu-Ti + W composite filler than for the Ag-Cu-Ti filler. The interfacial microstructure results show that the Ti reacts with W to form a Ti-W-O compound in the brazing alloy. When there are more W particles in the brazing alloy, the thickness of the Ti X O Y reaction layer near the alumina ceramic decreases. Moreover, W particles added to the brazing alloy can reduce the coefficient of thermal expansion of the brazing alloy, which results in lower residual stress between the Al2O3 and SUS304 in the brazing joints and thus yields higher tensile strengths as compared to those obtained using the CuSil-ABA brazing alloy.

Su, Cherng-Yuh; Zhuang, Xie-Zongyang; Pan, Cheng-Tang

2014-03-01

68

The evolution of the federal funding policies for the public health surveillance component of Brazil's Unified Health System (SUS).  

PubMed

Health surveillance (HS) is one of the key components of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). This article describes recent changes in health surveillance funding models and the role these changes have had in the reorganization and decentralization of health actions. Federal law no. 8.080 of 1990 defined health surveillance as a fundamental pillar of the SUS, and an exclusive fund with equitable distribution criteria was created in the Basic Operational Norm of 1996 to pay for health surveillance actions. This step facilitated the decentralization of health care at the municipal level, giving local authorities autonomy to plan and provide services. The Health Pact of 2006 and its regulation under federal decree No. 3252 in 2009 bolstered the processes of decentralization, regionalization and integration of health care. Further changes in the basic concepts of health surveillance around the world and in the funding policies negotiated by different spheres of government in Brazil have been catalysts for the process of HS institutionalization in recent years. PMID:25388192

Pinto Junior, Vitor Laerte; Cerbino Neto, Jos; Penna, Gerson Oliveira

2014-12-01

69

Fracture toughness of partially welded joints of SUS316 stainless steel at 4 K by large bend tests  

SciTech Connect

Austenitic stainless steels in relatively thick sections are specified in support structure designs for huge superconducting magnets in fusion energy machines such as the Large Helical Device (LHD). In the LHD under construction at the National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS) in Japan, partial welding of SUS 316 stainless steel is employed to fabricate the 100-mm thick coil can and coil support structures. Partial welding lowers the heat input and reduces residual deformation after welding. The main disadvantage is that a sizable crack-like defect remains embedded in the unwelded portion of the primary structural component. Here, SUS 316 stainless steel bars were partially welded and tested in 3-point bending to evaluate the effect of natural cracks on fusion zone toughness at 4 K. The specimens had a cross-section 87.5 mm {times} 175 mm and were fractured in liquid helium using a 10 MN cryogenic mechanical testing machine. In two tests, unstable fracture occurred at maximum load and at critical stress intensity factors K{sub max} = 227 and 228 MPa{radical}m. Results indicate a high resistance to fracture initiation but no stable tearing. Therefore, no resistance to crack propagation may exist in a fusion zone at a weld root under cryogenic temperature.

Nishimura, A.; Tobler, R.L.; Tamura, H.; Imagawa, S.; Mito, T.; Yamamoto, J.; Motojima, O. [National Inst. for Fusion Science, Toki, Gifu (Japan)] [National Inst. for Fusion Science, Toki, Gifu (Japan); Takahashi, H.; Suzuki, S. [Hitachi, Ltd., Ibaraki (Japan)] [Hitachi, Ltd., Ibaraki (Japan)

1996-07-01

70

Prevalence of antibodies to selected viral and bacterial pathogens in wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Campania Region, Italy.  

PubMed

Serum samples were collected from wild boars (Sus scrofa) harvested during the 2005-2006 hunting season in Campania, southern Italy. Samples were tested for antibodies to Leptospira interrogan, Brucella spp., Salmonella spp., Aujeszky disease virus (ADV), porcine reproductive and respiratory stress syndrome virus (PRRSV), porcine parvovirus (PPV), classical swine fever virus (CSFV), and swine vesicular disease virus (SVDV). Of the 342 serum samples tested, 15 (4.4%) were seropositive to Brucella spp., nine (2.6%) were seropositive to L. interrogans, 66 (19.3%) were seropositive for Salmonella spp., 105 (30.7%) were seropositive for ADV, 27 (7.9%) were seropositive for PPV, and 129 (37.7%) were seropositive for PRRSV. All sera tested seronegative for SVDV and CSFV antibodies. These results, recorded for the first time in Campania, support the hypothesis that wild boar are reservoirs of certain infectious agents, but some infections in wild boars originate from their domestic counterparts. PMID:20090052

Montagnaro, Serena; Sasso, Simona; De Martino, Luisa; Longo, Mariangela; Iovane, Valentina; Ghiurmino, Gianbenedetto; Pisanelli, Giuseppe; Nava, Donatella; Baldi, Loredana; Pagnini, Ugo

2010-01-01

71

Analysis of the bovine rumen microbiome reveals a diversity of Sus-like polysaccharide utilization loci from the bacterial phylum Bacteroidetes.  

PubMed

Several unique Sus-like polysaccharide utilization loci (PULs) were identified from bacteria resident in bovine rumen microbiomes through functional screening of a fosmid library. The loci were phylogenetically assigned to the genus Prevotella within the phylum Bacteroidetes. These findings were augmented by a bioinformatic re-evaluation of ruminal Prevotella genomes, revealing additional loci not previously reported in the literature. Analysis of Bacteroidales-affiliated genomes reconstructed from a bovine rumen metagenome in a previous study further expanded the diversity of Sus-like PULs resident in this microbiome. Our findings suggest that Sus-like systems represent an important mechanism for degradation of a range of plant-derived glycans in ruminants. PMID:24448980

Rosewarne, Carly P; Pope, Phillip B; Cheung, Jane L; Morrison, Mark

2014-03-01

72

Experiment and numerical simulation on cross-die forming of SUS304 metastable austenitic stainless using a modified Johnson-Cook model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

True stress-strain curves of SUS304 metastable austenitic stainless steel at various strain rates were fitted by a modified Johnson-Cook material model. The effect of blank-holder force on Cross-die forming of SUS304 stainless steel was studied. The forming process was also simulated by the software Marc based on this model. Major strain distribution, thickness distribution and load-displacement were compared between experiment and simulation. The results indicated the modified Johnson-Cook model could well predict the deformation behavior of SUS304 stainless steel. The martensitie volume fraction at different positions of the formed part was in good agreement with what can be expected.

Li, Xifeng; Ding, Wei; Ye, Liyan; Chen, Jun

2013-12-01

73

Encoding of Situations in the Vocal Repertoire of Piglets (Sus scrofa): A Comparison of Discrete and Graded Classifications  

PubMed Central

Two important questions in bioacoustics are whether vocal repertoires of animals are graded or discrete and how the vocal expressions are linked to the context of emission. Here we address these questions in an ungulate species. The vocal repertoire of young domestic pigs, Sus scrofa, was quantitatively described based on 1513 calls recorded in 11 situations. We described the acoustic quality of calls with 8 acoustic parameters. Based on these parameters, the k-means clustering method showed a possibility to distinguish either two or five clusters although the call types are rather blurred than strictly discrete. The division of the vocal repertoire of piglets into two call types has previously been used in many experimental studies into pig acoustic communication and the five call types correspond well to previously published partial repertoires in specific situations. Clear links exist between the type of situation, its putative valence, and the vocal expression in that situation. These links can be described adequately both with a set of quantitative acoustic variables and through categorisation into call types. The information about the situation of emission of the calls is encoded through five call types almost as accurately as through the full quantitative description. PMID:23967251

Tallet, Celine; Linhart, Pavel; Policht, Richard; Hammerschmidt, Kurt; Simecek, Petr; Kratinova, Petra; Spinka, Marek

2013-01-01

74

Substitution within erythropoietin receptor gene D1 domain associated with litter size in Beijing Black pig, Sus scrofa.  

PubMed

Studies of uterine capacity and litter size in swine have suggested that erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) plays an important role in fetal survival through maturation of red blood cells. In this study, we screened the porcine EPOR gene for mutations and identified three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): two missense mutations and one synonymous mutation. We then genotyped 272 Beijing Black sows, Sus scrofa, and compared this data with litter sizes from a total of 1523 parities among the sows. The G allele of the nonsynonymous SNP, EPOR c.434A>G, was associated with greater litter size at both first parity (P?G could be a useful genetic marker to improve litter size in swine. PMID:21951898

Zhang, Longchao; Wang, Ligang; Li, Yong; Li, Wen; Yan, Hua; Liu, Xin; Zhao, Kebin; Wang, Lixian

2011-10-01

75

Wild Pigs (Sus scrofa) Mediate Large-Scale Edge Effects in a Lowland Tropical Rainforest in Peninsular Malaysia  

PubMed Central

Edge-effects greatly extend the area of tropical forests degraded through human activities. At Pasoh, Peninsular Malaysia, it has been suggested that soil disturbance by highly abundant wild pigs (Sus scrofa), which feed in adjacent Oil Palm plantations, may have mediated the invasion of Clidemia hirta (Melastomataceae) into the diverse tropical lowland rain forest. To investigate this hypothesis, we established three 1 km transects from the forest/Oil Palm plantation boundary into the forest interior. We recorded the distribution of soil disturbance by wild pigs, C. hirta abundance, and environmental variables. These data were analyzed using a hierarchical Bayesian model that incorporated spatial auto-correlation in the environmental variables. As predicted, soil disturbance by wild pigs declined with distance from forest edge and C. hirta abundance was correlated with the level of soil disturbance. Importantly there was no effect of distance on C. hirta abundance, after controlling for the effect of soil disturbance. Clidemia hirta abundance was also correlated with the presence of canopy openings, but there was no significant association between the occurrence of canopy openings and distance from the edge. Increased levels of soil disturbance and C. hirta abundance were still detectable approximately 1 km from the edge, demonstrating the potential for exceptionally large-scale animal mediated edge effects. PMID:22615977

Fujinuma, Junichi; Harrison, Rhett D.

2012-01-01

76

Prevalence and diversity of Encephalitozoon spp. and Enterocytozoon bieneusi in wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Central Europe.  

PubMed

From 2011 to 2012, the occurrence of Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Encephalitozoon spp. was surveyed at 29 randomly selected localities (both forest areas and enclosures) across four Central European countries: Austria, the Czech Republic, Poland, and the Slovak Republic. Isolates were genotyped by PCR amplification and characterization of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region using Enterocytozoon and Encephalitozoon-specific protocols. PCR revealed 16 mono-infections of Encephalitozoon cuniculi, 33 mono-infections of Enterocytozoon bieneusi and 5 concurrent infections of both Encephalitozoon cuniculi and Enterocytozoon bieneusi out of 460 faecal samples. Two genotypes (I and II) were revealed by sequence analysis of the ITS region of Encephalitozoon cuniculi. Eleven genotypes, five previously found in other hosts including domestic pigs (D, EbpA, EbpC, G and Henan-I) and six novel (WildBoar1-6), were identified in Enterocytozoon bieneusi. No other microsporidia infection was found in the examined faecal samples. Prevalence of microsporidia at the locality level ranged from 0 to 58.8 %; the prevalence was less than 25 % at more than 86 % of localities. Enterocytozoon bieneusi was detected as a predominant species infecting Eurasian wild boars (Sus scrofa). The present report is the most comprehensive survey of microsporidia infections in wild boars within the Czech Republic and selected Central European countries. PMID:24292543

N?mejc, Karel; Sak, Bohumil; Kv?to?ov, Dana; Hanzal, Vladimr; Janiszewski, Pawe?; Forejtek, Pavel; Rajsk, Duan; Kotkov, Michaela; Ravaszov, Petra; McEvoy, John; Kv?, Martin

2014-02-01

77

Vegetable and animal food sorts found in the gastric content of Sardinian Wild Boar (Sus scrofa meridionalis).  

PubMed

Authors report results emerging from gastric content analysis from n. 96 wild boars hunted in Sardinia isle, during the hunting tide (2001-2005), from November to January. Mean pH of the gastric content was 3.77 +/- 0.69. Mean total capacity (TC) of each stomach was 1702 +/- 680 g. Mean Stuff ratio (CW/TC) between the content weight (CW) and stomachs TC was 0.45. Food categories found in animal stomachs were: 19 categories of vegetal species (Allium spp., Arbutus unedo, Arisarum vulgare, Avena fatua, Avena sativa, Castanea sativa, Ceratonia siliqua, Chamaerops umilis, Cichorium intybus, Hordeum sativum, Juniperus oxycedrus, Myrtus communis, Olea europea, Pirus amygdaliformis, Pistacia lentiscus, Quercus spp., Rhamnus alaternus, Triticum durum, Zea mais); 11 categories of animal species (Agriotes lineatus, Apodemus sylvaticus dicrurus, Chalcides chalcides, Chalcides ocellatus tiligugu, Crematogaster scutellaris, Forficula auricularia, Helix aspersa, Lumbricus terrestris, Ovis aries, Podarcis tiliguerta tiliguerta, Scolopendra cingulata); three categories were identified in general terms (insects larvae, hairs of mammals, feathers of birds). Food categories found in the stomach contents of Sus scrofa meridionalis confirm observations by other researchers who report the prevalence of vegetables in spite of animal food sorts in the wild boar diet in Italian regions. PMID:17516948

Pinna, W; Nieddu, G; Moniello, G; Cappai, M G

2007-06-01

78

Two SusD-Like Proteins Encoded within a Polysaccharide Utilization Locus of an Uncultured Ruminant Bacteroidetes Phylotype Bind Strongly to Cellulose  

PubMed Central

We demonstrate that two characteristic Sus-like proteins encoded within a polysaccharide utilization locus (PUL) bind strongly to cellulosic substrates and interact with plant primary cell walls. This shows associations between uncultured Bacteroidetes-affiliated lineages and cellulose in the rumen and thus presents new PUL-derived targets to pursue regarding plant biomass degradation. PMID:22685144

Mackenzie, A. K.; Pedersen, H. L.; Gupta, R.; Morrison, M.; Willats, W. G. T.; Eijsink, V. G. H.

2012-01-01

79

Nuevo sitio web en espaol del Instituto Nacional del Cncer, (NCI, por sus siglas en ingls) Cancer.gov en espaol - Silvia Inz Salazar - transcript  

Cancer.gov

Transmisiones de radio para promover Cancer.gov en espa%XF1ol | Nuevo sitio web en espa%XF1ol del Instituto Nacional del C%XE1ncer, (NCI, por sus siglas en ingl%XE9s) Cancer.gov en espa%XF1ol | Transcripci%XF3n Transmisiones de radio para promover

80

Evaluation of different designs of temporary electric fence systems for the protection of maize against wild boar (Sus scrofa L., Mammalia, Suidae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among free living animals in Slovenia, wild boar (Sus scrofa) damages agricultural land by rooting and primarily by directly feeding on open fields. In some areas of Slovenia this large wildlife animal causes more than 50% of all estimated damage to cultivated plants grown on arable and forage fields. Many techniques for controlling wild boar and preventing damage are known,

Matej VIDRIH; Stanislav TRDAN

81

Detection of flavor compounds in longissimus muscle from four hybrid pig breeds of Sus scrofa, Bamei pig, and Large White.  

PubMed

To detect the flavor quality and flavor compounds in raw longissimus muscle from four typical pig breeds: Sus scrofa??Bamei pig named F1 (group A), F1??F1 (group B), F1??Bamei pig (group C), and F1??Large White (group D). The chemical compositions of longissimus muscles from four breeds were examined using headspace solid-phase microextraction/gas chromatography mass spectrometry method. Distinct differences for the same flavor compounds of longissimus muscles between different breeds were analyzed. Totally 64 flavor compounds shared in four groups, and 10 flavor compounds with significant difference among four groups (p?

Chen, Guoshun; Sui, Yanan; Chen, Sheng

2014-11-01

82

Two agricultural production data libraries for risk assessment models. [Ovis aries; Capra hircus; Sus scrofa; Gallus domesticus; Meleagris gallopavo  

SciTech Connect

Two data libraries based on the 1974 US Census of Agriculture are described. The data packages (AGDATC and AGDATG) are available from the Radiation Shielding Information Center (RSIC), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831. Agricultural production and land-use information by county (AGDATC) or by 1/2 by 1/2 degree longitude-latitude grid cell (AGDATG) provide geographical resolution of the data. The libraries were designed for use in risk assessment models that simulate the transport of radionuclides from sources of airborne release through food chains to man. However, they are also suitable for use in the assessment of other airborne pollutants that can affect man from a food ingestion pathway such as effluents from synfuels or coal-fired power plants. The principal significance of the data libraries is that they provide default location-specific food-chain transport parameters when site-specific information are unavailable. Plant food categories in the data libraries include leafy vegetables, vegetables and fruits exposed to direct deposition of airborne pollutants, vegetables and fruits protected from direct deposition, and grains. Livestock feeds are also tabulated in four categories: pasture, grain, hay, and silage. Pasture was estimated by a material balance of cattle and sheep inventories, forage feed requirements, and reported harvested forage. Cattle (Bos spp.), sheep (Ovis aries), goat (Capra hircus), hog (Sus scrofa), chicken (Gallus domesticus), and turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) inventories or sales are also tabulated in the data libraries and can be used to provide estimates of meat, eggs, and milk production. Honey production also is given. Population, irrigation, and meteorological information are also listed.

Baes, C.F. III; Shor, R.W.; Sharp, R.D.; Sjoreen, A.L.

1985-01-01

83

Contemporary genetic structure, phylogeography and past demographic processes of wild boar Sus scrofa population in Central and Eastern Europe.  

PubMed

The wild boar (Sus scrofa) is one of the most widely distributed mammals in Europe. Its demography was affected by various events in the past and today populations are increasing throughout Europe. We examined genetic diversity, structure and population dynamics of wild boar in Central and Eastern Europe. MtDNA control region (664 bp) was sequenced in 254 wild boar from six countries (Poland, Hungary, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova and the European part of Russia). We detected 16 haplotypes, all known from previous studies in Europe; 14 of them belonged to European 1 (E1) clade, including 13 haplotypes from E1-C and one from E1-A lineages. Two haplotypes belonged respectively to the East Asian and the Near Eastern clade. Both haplotypes were found in Russia and most probably originated from the documented translocations of wild boar. The studied populations showed moderate haplotype (0.7140.023) and low nucleotide diversity (0.0030.002). SAMOVA grouped the genetic structuring of Central and Eastern European wild boar into three subpopulations, comprising of: (1) north-eastern Belarus and the European part of Russia, (2) Poland, Ukraine, Moldova and most of Belarus, and (3) Hungary. The multimodal mismatch distribution, Fu's Fs index, Bayesian skyline plot and the high occurrence of shared haplotypes among populations did not suggest strong demographic fluctuations in wild boar numbers in the Holocene and pre-Holocene times. This study showed relatively weak genetic diversity and structure in Central and Eastern European wild boar populations and underlined gaps in our knowledge on the role of southern refugia and demographic processes shaping genetic diversity of wild boar in this part of Europe. PMID:24622149

Kusza, Szilvia; Podgrski, Tomasz; Scandura, Massimo; Borowik, Tomasz; Jvor, Andrs; Sidorovich, Vadim E; Bunevich, Aleksei N; Kolesnikov, Mikhail; J?drzejewska, Bogumi?a

2014-01-01

84

The wild boar (Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758) as secondary reservoir of Fasciola hepatica in Galicia (NW Spain).  

PubMed

Fasciolosis is an emerging or reemerging human and animal disease in numerous parts of the world. In Galicia (NW, Spain), the wild boar (Sus scrofa) is the main wild ungulate in terms of abundance and distribution. Its population has continuously increased over the past decades and this population growth has been accompanied by a reduction of habitats, so that the wild boar populations encroach more and more frequently onto agricultural lands. The increase of the interface area between livestock and the wild boars frequently involves the sharing of pastures and water sources, so that the circulation of common pathogens is propitiated. This is the first report concerning the importance of the wild boar as a possible reservoir of Fasciola hepatica infection in Spain. Livers from 358 hunted wild boars were analyzed showing that 11.2% were parasitized by F. hepatica, with burdens ranging from 1 to 14 flukes (mean=2.3). Fecal analysis demonstrated that 40.0% of parasitized animals shed F. hepatica eggs with a mean excretion of 6.1 eggs per gram of feces (epg). The presence of coproantigens analyzed by MM3-COPRO ELISA was positive in 62.9% of infected wild boars. After incubation, the percentage of hatched eggs ranged between 41.0% and 90.0% suggesting that the wild boar is very likely to contribute to the environmental contamination with viable parasite eggs. Comparative morphometric data were obtained using a computer image analysis system (CIAS) on the basis of standardized measurements. F. hepatica from cattle, sheep and wild boars from the same geographical area presents a similar body development and gravidity. Our study shows for the first time that the F. hepatica uterus from the wild boar presents an intermediate size between that found in primary reservoir hosts such as cattle and sheep, i.e., the individual potential egg output capacity of the wild boar does not greatly differ from that detected in Galician livestock. These results show that F. hepatica in Galicia has a normal development in wild boars, presenting its own characteristics in shape and size in comparison with other host species. The high prevalence of infection detected in the wild boar, the normal fluke development in the liver, and the possibility of shedding F. hepatica eggs capable of embryonating and giving rise to viable miracidia with the potential to infect intermediate hosts suggest a possible role of this species as a secondary reservoir in this Spanish region. PMID:24103736

Mezo, Mercedes; Gonzlez-Warleta, Marta; Castro-Hermida, Jos Antonio; Manga-Gonzlez, M Yolanda; Peixoto, Raquel; Mas-Coma, Santiago; Valero, M Adela

2013-12-01

85

The influence of domestic piglets' ( Sus scrofa ) age and test experience on the preference for the replayed maternal nursing vocalisation in a modified open-field test  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nursing vocalisation of lactating sows is an important part of the complex nursing and suckling behaviour of domestic\\u000a pigs (Sus scrofa). It helps to lead the young through the several phases of a nursing episode. A total of 135 suckling piglets were investigated\\u000a regarding their reactions to different vocalisations and sounds successively replayed in combined choice\\/open-field experiments.\\u000a Two piglet

Birger Puppe; Peter-Christian Schn; Armin Tuchscherer; Gerhard Manteuffel

2003-01-01

86

Arc ignitability, bead protection and weld shape variations for HeArO 2 shielded GTA welding on SUS304 stainless steel  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influences of argon and oxygen in helium base shielded GTA welding on the arc ignitability, bead protection and weld penetration are systematically investigated by bead-on-plate welding on SUS304 stainless steel. Experimental results show that the critical electrode tip work distance for arc ignition is increased from 1mm under pure He shielding to 5mm under He50%Ar shielding. Small addition of

Shanping Lu; Hidetoshi Fujii; Kiyoshi Nogi

2009-01-01

87

A Potato Sus3 Sucrose Synthase Gene Contains a Context-Dependent 3[prime] Element and a Leader Intron with Both Positive and Negative Tissue-Specific Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

To examine which sequences are involved in regulating the potato sucrose synthase gene Sus3-65, we examined a series of deletion and substitution constructs in transgenic potato and tobacco plants. In a construct containing 3.9 kb of 5' flanking region, substitution of the native 3' sequence with the nopaline synthase 3' sequence and deletion of the leader intron did not significantly

Hongyong Fu; Soo Young Kim; William D. Park

1995-01-01

88

The effect of graded interface thickness on the life of Pb coating ion plated on SUS 17-4PH steel substrate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low-speed spacecraft mechanisms like solar array drives and pay load steering mechanisms use high precision gears of SUS 17-4PH material. In order to have the lowest overall weight of the mechanisms, simplest design with solid lubricated bearings and gears are preferred against complicated design with fluid lubrication involving hermetic sealing for retaining the fluid lubricant against evaporation. The operating speed

B Subramonian; K Kato; Koshi Adachi; K. S Ramakrishnan

2004-01-01

89

Investigation of oxides formed in the corrosion of SUS-304 in high-temperature water through the measurement of evolved hydrogen and radiochemical analyses  

SciTech Connect

Corrosion behavior of SUS-304 at 280/sup 0/C in deaerated water has been traced both through measuring H/sub 2/ gas, concomitantly formed with corrosion, and through radiochemical analysis of the corrosion layers. The calculated H/sub 2/ yield based on the reaction, M + x.H/sub 2/O = MO /sub x/ + x.H/sub 2/ (M: iron, chromium, nickel, manganese, and cobalt), agreed reasonably well with the observed H/sub 2/ yields, showing that iron is mainly in a magnetite form and chromium is in a Cr(III) state. More than 85% of the corrosion layers were recovered by repeating ultrasonic cleaning and electrostripping processes. The residual fraction was rich in chromium and dissolved in the subsequent electropolishing process. The total corrosion increases with the reaction time, although the ''inner layer'' tends to stay almost constant at a longer reaction time. In some cases, both neutron irradiated and nonirradiated SUS coexisted. Mutual transfer of the elements from one SUS to the other has been examined.

Tachikawa, E.; Hoshi, M.; Nakashima, M.; Sagawa, C.; Yonezawa, C.

1984-04-01

90

[Reliability of the diagnoses of hospital admissions for external causes financed by the Brazilian Unified Health System-SUS in two cities in the State of Paran, Brazil].  

PubMed

The scope of this article is to analyze the reliability of the diagnoses of hospital admissions for external causes financed by the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). The diagnoses for hospital admissions from the Hospital Information System (SIH-SUS) data were compared with those from the research panel created from information culled from authorizations for hospital admission (AIH) complemented with information from other sources. The reliability was analyzed in groups using crude agreement and Kappa statistics. The crude agreement was 41.1% in Londrina and 15.8% in Maring and the highest reliability was found for groupings for self-inflicted lesions and traffic accidents in Londrina (Kappa 0.57 and 0.56) while in Maring reliability was acceptable for self-inflicted lesions (Kappa 0.28). The low agreement with differentiated standards according to groupings of causes and according to the municipalities highlight the fact that efforts must be made to improve the quality and use of the SIH-SUS in order to understand and intervene in accidents and violence in Brazil. PMID:25272134

Mathias, Thais Aidar de Freitas; Andrade, Selma Maffei de; Tomimatsu, Maria de Ftima Akemi Iwakura; Soares, Dorotia Ftima Pelissari de Paula; Sapata, Maria da Penha Marques; Frascarelli, Andressa Suellen; Souza, Regina Kazue Tanno de

2014-10-01

91

Structure of a SusD Homologue, BT1043, Involved in Mucin O-Glycan Utilization in a Prominent Human Gut Symbiont  

SciTech Connect

Mammalian distal gut bacteria have an expanded capacity to utilize glycans. In the absence of dietary sources, some species rely on host-derived mucosal glycans. The ability of Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, a prominent human gut symbiont, to forage host glycans contributes to both its ability to persist within an individual host and its ability to be transmitted naturally to new hosts at birth. The molecular basis of host glycan recognition by this species is still unknown but likely occurs through an expanded suite of outermembrane glycan-binding proteins that are the primary interface between B. thetaiotaomicron and its environment. Presented here is the atomic structure of the B. thetaiotaomicron protein BT1043, an outer membrane lipoprotein involved in host glycan metabolism. Despite a lack of detectable amino acid sequence similarity, BT1043 is a structural homologue of the B. thetaiotaomicron starch-binding protein SusD. Both structures are dominated by tetratrico peptide repeats that may facilitate association with outer membrane {beta}-barrel transporters required for glycan uptake. The structure of BT1043 complexed with N-acetyllactosamine reveals that recognition is mediated via hydrogen bonding interactions with the reducing end of {beta}-N-acetylglucosamine, suggesting a role in binding glycans liberated from the mucin polypeptide. This is in contrast to CBM 32 family members that target the terminal nonreducing galactose residue of mucin glycans. The highly articulated glycan-binding pocket of BT1043 suggests that binding of ligands to BT1043 relies more upon interactions with the composite sugar residues than upon overall ligand conformation as previously observed for SusD. The diversity in amino acid sequence level likely reflects early divergence from a common ancestor, while the unique and conserved {alpha}-helical fold the SusD family suggests a similar function in glycan uptake.

Koropatkin, Nicole; Martens, Eric C.; Gordon, Jeffrey I.; Smith, Thomas J.; (Danforth); (WU-MED)

2009-05-21

92

[Contradictions of public health policies geared to rare disorders: the example of the Osteogenesis Imperfecta Treatment Program in the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS)].  

PubMed

The scope of this paper is to examine the process of consolidation of a public health policy in Brazil geared to a rare disorder, namely osteogenesis imperfecta, the treatment for which has fallen under the responsibility of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) after the publication of Ministerial Ruling GM/MS2305/2001. The implementation of this law has been accompanied by many contradictions, especially with respect to therapeutic decisions and the strengthening of the specialized network for addressing this condition. These attitudes are clearly shown both by the drafting process and the final text of the new law (Ministerial Ruling 714/2010). PMID:24863824

Lima, Maria Angelica de Faria Domingues de; Horovitz, Dafne Dain Gandelman

2014-02-01

93

SusHi: A program for the calculation of Higgs production in gluon fusion and bottom-quark annihilation in the Standard Model and the MSSM  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article describes the code SusHi (for "Supersymmetric Higgs") [108] which calculates the cross sections pp/pp ??+X in gluon fusion and bottom-quark annihilation in the SM and the MSSM, where ? is any of the neutral Higgs bosons within these models. Apart from inclusive cross sections up to NNLO QCD, differential cross sections with respect to the Higgs transverse momentum pT and (pseudo-)rapidity y(?) can be calculated through NLO QCD. In the case of gluon fusion, SusHi contains NLO QCD contributions from the third family of quarks and squarks, NNLO corrections due to top-quarks, approximate NNLO corrections due to top-squarks, and electro-weak effects. It supports various renormalization schemes for the sbottom sector and the bottom Yukawa coupling, as well as resummation effects of higher order tan?-enhanced sbottom contributions. SusHi provides a link to FeynHiggs for the calculation of the Higgs masses. Program SummaryProgram title: SusHi Catalogue identifier: AEOY_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEOY_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 47725 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 338380 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Fortran 77. Computer: Personal computer. Operating system: Unix/Linux, Mac OS. RAM: A few 100 MB Classification: 11.1. External routines: LHAPDF (http://lhapdf.hepforge.org), FeynHiggs (http://www.feynhiggs.de) Nature of problem: Calculation of inclusive and exclusive Higgs production cross sections in gluon fusion and bottom-quark annihilation in the Standard Model and the MSSM through next-to-leading order QCD, includes next-to-next-to-leading order top-(s)quark contributions and electro-weak effects Solution method: Numerical Monte Carlo integration Additional comments: Code includes ggh@nnlo (http://www.robert-harlander.de/software/ggh@nnlo), bbh@nnlo (http://www.robert-harlander.de/software/bbh@nnlo) and evalcsusy.f (http://www.robert-harlander.de/software) Running time: All the examples provided take a minute or less to run.

Harlander, Robert V.; Liebler, Stefan; Mantler, Hendrik

2013-06-01

94

Effect of deposition temperature on the formation of the corrosion-protective SnOx:F coating layer on SUS 316 bipolar plates for PEMFC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fluorine-doped tin oxide (SnOx:F) films on SUS 316 were prepared as a function of substrate temperature using electron cyclotron resonance-metal organic chemical vapor deposition (ECR-MOCVD) in order to achieve corrosion-resistant and low contact resistance bipolar plates for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). The SnOx:F films coated on SUS 316 substrate in the heating range from 200 to 500 C were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), Auger electron microscopy (AES) and field emission-scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). To simulate the aggressive PEMFC environment, all electrochemical experiments were conducted in 1 M H2SO4+2 ppm HF solution at 70 C. With increases in the heat treatment temperature from 300 to 500 C, it was shown that both corrosion resistance and interfacial contact resistance (ICR) substantially increase. The AES data revealed that the amount of fluorine decreases with increasing temperature in our experimental range. The deposition temperature appears to be one of the critical process parameters on the formation of the corrosion-protective layer for PEMFC bipolar plates. It is probably caused by microstructural evolution before/after potentiodynamic corrosion tests under the PEMFC environment.

Park, Ji Hun; Chang, Wonyoung; Byun, Dongjin; Lee, Joong Kee

2010-05-01

95

Ocular lesions associated with Chlamydia suis in a wild boar piglet (Sus scrofa) from a semi-free range population in Spain.  

PubMed

The role of the wild boar (Sus scrofa) as a reservoir for a large number of pathogens that can affect both domestic animals and humans has been widely studied in the last few years. However, the impact of some of these pathogens on the health of wild boar populations is still being determined. This article presents a clinical case of severe bilateral keratoconjunctivitis affecting a 2-mo-old piglet from a semi-free range population in Spain. Histopathologic and microbiologic analysis revealed lesions in the cornea, choroid, and optical nerve, and Chlamydia suis was detected in the eyes bilaterally. The visual handicap resulting from this type of lesion greatly affects the survival of this affected piglet. PMID:23505718

Risco, David; Garca, Alfredo; Fernndez-Llario, Pedro; Garcia, Waldo L; Bentez, Jos M; Gonalves, Pilar; Cuesta, Jess M; Gmez, Luis; Rey, Joaqun; Hermoso de Mendoza, Javier

2013-03-01

96

Parasites of the respiratory tract of Sus scrofa scrofa (wild boar) from commercial breeder in southern Brazil and its relationship with Ascaris suum.  

PubMed

This study aimed to identify the species of helminths infecting the respiratory tract of Sus scrofa scrofa from commercial breeding and check the existence of a possible antagonistic relationship of these species with Ascaris suum. Forty wild boars were analyzed, and the genus Metastrongylus was recorded in the bronchi and bronchioles of 60% of these, with the occurrence of the species Metastrongylus apri, Metastrongylus salmi, and Metastrongylus pudendotectus. The highest prevalence found was in M. apri (52.5%), followed by M. salmi (20%), and M. pudendotectus (7.5%), registering the highest prevalence of Metastrongylus in wild boars from commercial breeding so far. M. apri was first reported parasitizing wild boars bred in captivity. There was no observed significant influence of A. suum in the mean intensity of Metastrongylus. PMID:23224612

da Silva, Diego; Mller, Gertrud

2013-03-01

97

Leptospiral antibodies in Iberian red deer (Cervus elaphus hispanicus), fallow deer (Dama dama) and European wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Asturias, Northern Spain.  

PubMed

Serum samples collected from Iberian red deer (Cervus elaphus hispanicus; n=472), fallow deer (Dama dama; n=293) and European wild boar (Sus scrofa; n=174) in Asturias, Northern Spain, from 1999 to 2005 were examined for antibodies against a reference panel of 14 Leptospira spp. serovars. Positive antibody titres at a microscopic agglutination test cut-off of 1:80 were detected against serovars Pomona (1.6%, 5.8%, 5.2%), Bratislava (1.1%, 0.7%, 4.7%), Grippotyphosa (0.7%, 2.4%, 1.7%), Muenchen (2.6%, 0%, 0%), Pyrogenes (0.4%, 2.4%, 1.2%), Panama (1.2%, 1.7%, 0%), Copenhageni (0%, 0.7%, 0.6%), Autumnalis (0.4%, 0%, 0.6%) and Icterohaemorrhagiae (0%, 0%, 0.6%) in Iberian red deer, fallow deer and European wild boar, respectively. PMID:19019711

Esp, Alberto; Prieto, Jos Miguel; Alzaga, Vanesa

2010-02-01

98

A Sealers Midden Provides Evidence a Live Pig ( Sus scrofa) was Taken Ashore at Heard Island During the "Elephanting" Industry (1855-1882)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Livestock was often released onto remote Southern Ocean islands as a food source for shipwreck survivors during the industrial whaling and sealing era. Although animals were put ashore at nearby Isles Kerguelen and Crozet, the historical records make no mention of domesticated livestock ever being set ashore at Heard Island between 1855 and 1882. Here we report a pig ( Sus scrofa) mandible discovered amongst other bones and artefacts in an `elephanters' midden found at Spit Bay, Heard Island. The find provides very strong evidence a live pig was shipped ashore and eaten as part of the sealers meagre provisions. Archaeological investigations of middens at other sealing locations could produce new insights into the dietary habits of these men.

van den Hoff, John; Burton, Harry; Robins, Judith

2012-12-01

99

El uso de la tecnologa en el estudio de la vulnerabilidad a los "desastres naturales" para  

E-print Network

elevaciones � Evaluar la distribuci�n de la actividad humana y los usos de suelos � Visita de campo a Culebra;Conclusiones contexto local (2) 3. La forma como se distribuye la actividad humana y los usos del suelo a trav

Gilbes, Fernando

100

Jos Lugo and Moshe Inbar, editors: Desastres Naturales en Amrica Latina  

Microsoft Academic Search

This valuable, well-presented work is a new addition to an established series published by the Fondo de Cultura Econmica. The book contains 25 separate contributions divided in six sections: volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, hurricanes, avalanches, droughts, forest fires, and floods. A glossary is provided at the end of the book, which is especially helpful for non-Spanish speaking users. The book covers

Virginia Garca Acosta; Moshe Inbar

2004-01-01

101

Exposures of Sus scrofa to a TASER() conducted electrical weapon: no effects on 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis patterns of plasma proteins.  

PubMed

In an earlier study, we found significant changes in red-blood-cell, leukocyte, and platelet counts, and in red-blood-cell membrane proteins, following exposures of anesthetized pigs to a conducted electrical weapon. In the current study, we examined potential changes in plasma proteins [analyzed via two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DGE)] following two 30s exposures of anesthetized pigs (Sus scrofa) to a TASER () C2 conducted electrical weapon. Patterns of proteins, separated by 2-DGE, were consistent and reproducible between animals and between times of sampling. We determined that the blood plasma collection, handling, storage, and processing techniques we used are suitable for swine blood. There were no statistically significant changes in plasma proteins following the conducted-electrical-weapon exposures. Overall gel patterns of fibrinogen were similar to results of other studies of both pigs and humans (in control settings, not exposed to conducted electrical weapons). The lack of significant changes in plasma proteins may be added to the body of evidence regarding relative safety of TASER C2 device exposures. PMID:25319243

Jauchem, James R; Cerna, Cesario Z; Lim, Tiffany Y; Seaman, Ronald L

2014-12-01

102

Spatio-temporal trends and risk factors for Trichinella species infection in wild boar (Sus scrofa) populations of central Spain: a long-term study.  

PubMed

In south-central Spain, the harvest of Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa) has increased significantly during recent decades in association with more intensive management actions to increase hunting yields and with consequent effects on the health status of the wild boar populations. We investigated the spatio-temporal trends and the risk factors related to the prevalence of Trichinella spp. in wild boar in order to obtain the annual probability of occurrence for these parasites in the Ciudad Real province of south-central Spain. Based on muscle samples collected during the hunting seasons from 1998/1999 to 2009/2010, the mean prevalence for Trichinella spp. in 95,070 wild boar was 0.2% (95% confidence interval 0.17-0.23). A subsample of 1,432 wild boar was also tested by ELISA. No correlation was observed between the prevalence of infection detected by serology and by the artificial digestion of muscle. The presence of Trichinella infections in wild boar showed a decreasing trend during the study period and was negatively related with fenced wild boar populations. The predicted 'favourability' for Trichinella infections disappeared almost completely after the 2006/2007 hunting season. Risk maps based on biogeographical tools showed, however, that most hunting estates presented favourable risk factors for these parasites during at least one of the hunting seasons studied. PMID:22677222

Boadella, M; Barasona, J A; Pozio, E; Montoro, V; Vicente, J; Gortazar, C; Acevedo, P

2012-07-01

103

Viral metagenomic analysis of bushpigs (Potamochoerus larvatus) in Uganda identifies novel variants of Porcine parvovirus 4 and Torque teno sus virus 1 and 2  

PubMed Central

Background As a result of rapidly growing human populations, intensification of livestock production and increasing exploitation of wildlife habitats for animal agriculture, the interface between wildlife, livestock and humans is expanding, with potential impacts on both domestic animal and human health. Wild animals serve as reservoirs for many viruses, which may occasionally result in novel infections of domestic animals and/or the human population. Given this background, we used metagenomics to investigate the presence of viral pathogens in sera collected from bushpigs (Potamochoerus larvatus), a nocturnal species of wild Suid known to move between national parks and farmland, in Uganda. Results Application of 454 pyrosequencing demonstrated the presence of Torque teno sus virus (TTSuV), porcine parvovirus 4 (PPV4), porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV), a GB Hepatitis Clike virus, and a Sclerotinia hypovirulence-associated-like virus in sera from the bushpigs. PCR assays for each specific virus combined with Sanger sequencing revealed two TTSuV-1 variants, one TTSuV-2 variant as well as PPV4 in the serum samples and thereby confirming the findings from the 454 sequencing. Conclusions Using a viral metagenomic approach we have made an initial analysis of viruses present in bushpig sera and demonstrated for the first time the presence of PPV4 in a wild African Suid. In addition we identified novel variants of TTSuV-1 and 2 in bushpigs. PMID:22967311

2012-01-01

104

Detection of torque teno sus virus 1 and 2 in porcine tissues by in situ hybridization using multi-strained pooled probes.  

PubMed

Porcine torque teno sus virus (TTSuV) has been suggested as a co-factor for the development of porcine circovirus-associated diseases. However, the pathogenic role of TTSuV is still inconclusive, and the target cell and tissue tropism of this virus are also ambiguous. In the present study, a multi-strained pooled probe-based in situ hybridization was established to detect the nucleic acids of TTSuV1 and TTSuV2 in the tissue. The strategy of using polymerase chain reaction-derived digoxigenin-labeled multi-strained pooled probe, instead of single-strained probe or oligonucleotide, was to overcome the fact of high sequence diversity among TTSuV strains and simultaneous infection with distinct strains of TTSuV in the same animal. The cell tropism and tissue distribution were evaluated by grading system with tissues from major organs. Lymphoid tissues, including superficial inguinal, mesenteric, and hilar lymph nodes, tonsil, intestinal lamina propria of mucosa and Peyer's patches, and sometimes spleen, generally contained higher levels of positive signals and are considered as the target sites for TTSuV. Morphologically, the distribution of TTSuV-positive signals had a strong correlation with the T lymphocyte zone. T lymphocytes are, thus, speculated as the major target cells for TTSuV. PMID:24984843

Lee, Yao; Lin, Chun-Ming; Jeng, Chian-Ren; Pang, Victor Fei

2014-08-27

105

09/01/2006 04:29 PMRadio Beethoven -Ciencia y Saber: Descubren por qu algunos animales slo usan dos de sus cuatro aletas Page 1 of 1http://www.beethovenfm.cl/microprogramas/tecnologia/33.act  

E-print Network

09/01/2006 04:29 PMRadio Beethoven - Ciencia y Saber: Descubren por qué algunos animales sólo usan Programación Ciencia y Saber Descubren por qué algunos animales sólo usan dos de sus cuatro aletas Los

Long Jr., John H.

106

Utilization of Sugarcane Habitat by Feral Pig (Sus scrofa) in Northern Tropical Queensland: Evidence from the Stable Isotope Composition of Hair  

PubMed Central

Feral pigs (Sus scrofa) are an invasive species that disrupt ecosystem functioning throughout their introduced range. In tropical environments, feral pigs are associated with predation and displacement of endangered species, modification of habitat, and act as a vector for the spread of exotic vegetation and disease. Across many parts of their introduced range, the diet of feral pigs is poorly known. Although the remote location and difficult terrain of far north Queensland makes observing feral pig behavior difficult, feral pigs are perceived to seek refuge in World Heritage tropical rainforests and seasonally crop raid into lowland sugarcane crops. Thus, identifying how feral pigs are using different components of the landscape is important to the design of management strategies. We used the stable isotope composition of captured feral pigs to determine the extent of rainforest and sugarcane habitat usage. Recently grown hair (basal hair) from feral pigs captured in remote rainforest indicated pigs met their dietary needs solely within this habitat. Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values of basal hair from feral pigs captured near sugarcane plantations were more variable, with some individuals estimated to consume over 85% of their diet within a sugarcane habitat, while a few consumed as much as 90% of their diet from adjacent forested environments. We estimated whether feral pigs switch habitats by sequentially sampling ?13C and ?15N values of long tail hair from a subset of seven captured animals, and demonstrate that four of these individuals moved between habitats. Our results indicate that feral pigs utilize both sugarcane and forest habitats, and can switch between these resources. PMID:22957029

Wurster, Christopher M.; Robertson, Jack; Westcott, David A.; Dryden, Bart; Zazzo, Antoine; Bird, Michael I.

2012-01-01

107

Effects of a TASER conducted energy weapon on the circulating red-blood-cell population and other factors in Sus scrofa.  

PubMed

In previous studies hematocrit has been consistently increased in an anesthetized animal model after exposures to TASER() conducted energy weapons (CEWs). In the present study we analyzed changes in blood cell counts and red blood cell membrane proteins following two 30-s applications of a TASER C2 device (which is designed for civilian use). Hematocrit increased significantly from 33.2 2.4 (mean SD) to 42.8 4.6 % immediately after CEW exposure of eleven pigs (Sus scrofa). Red blood cell count increased significantly from 6.10 0.55 10(12)/L to 7.45 0.94 10(12)/L, and mean corpuscular volume increased significantly from 54.5 2.4 fl to 57.8 2.6 fl. Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration decreased significantly from 20.5 0.7 to 18.5 0.6 mM. Thirty protein spots (from two-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, selected for detailed comparison) exhibited greater densities 30-min post-exposure compared with pre-exposure values. A greater number of echinocytes were observed following CEW exposure. On the basis of these results it appears that, during the strong muscle contractions produced by TASER CEWs, a specific population of red blood cells (RBCs) may be released from the spleen or other reservoirs within the body. The total time of CEW exposure in the present study was relatively long compared with exposures in common law-enforcement scenarios. Despite statistically significant changes in red blood cell counts (and other measures directly related to RBCs), the alterations were short-lived. The transient nature of the changes would be likely to counteract any potentially detrimental effects. PMID:23543463

Jauchem, James R; Bernhard, Joshua A; Cerna, Cesario Z; Lim, Tiffany Y; Seaman, Ronald L; Tarango, Melissa

2013-09-01

108

Accumulation and distribution of (137)Cs and (90)Sr in the body of the wild boar (Sus scrofa) found on the territory with radioactive contamination.  

PubMed

We studied the concentration and distribution of (137)Cs and (90)Sr in the bodies of 188 wild boar (Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758) taken near the Chernobyl site. Of these, 111 animals were taken in the Alienation Zone, 41 animals were taken in the Permanent Control Zone and 36 animals were taken in the Periodic Control Zone. The samples included muscle and bone (rib) tissues and samples of heart, liver, lungs, kidneys, spleen, genitals and skin. The weight of the samples was 0.5kg fresh weigh. The average concentration of (137)Cs in the muscles of the wild boar found in the Alienation Zone was 4610kBq/kg, in the Permanent Control Zone - 133.0kBq/kg and in the Periodic Control Zone - 0.60.1kBq/kg. The largest concentration of (137)Cs was detected in the muscle tissue and kidneys taken animals. In some samples of muscle tissue it reached more than 660kBq/kg. The (137)Cs concentrations were also high in heart and spleen up 64.3kBq/kg and 67.5kBq/kg - animals from the Alienation Zone and 10.3-10.6kBq/kg - animals from the Permanent Control zone. The lowest concentration of (137)Cs was found in the lungs and skin of animals. The analyses of (90)Sr concentration in the organs and tissues of the wild boar showed that (90)Sr was concentrated mainly in the bone tissue. The average level of (90)Sr concentration in bone was 17.6kBq/kg fresh weight animals from the Alienation Zone and 13.47 kBg/kg - animals from the Permanent Control zone. In muscle tissues and organs contained (90)Sr - 30.0-110.0 Bq/kg in the Alienation Zone and 11.0-30.0 Bq/kg in the Permanent Control zone. PMID:23871249

Gulakov, Andrey Vladimirovich

2014-01-01

109

Water is Vital--Especially after a Disaster (Spanish)  

E-print Network

ER-030S 10-07 El agua es vital ? especialmente despu?s de un desastre La deshidrataci?n tiene lugar cuando el cuerpo pierde demasiada agua. Cuando usted deja de tomar agua, sus c?lulas y tejidos pierden fluidos esenciales, sus m?sculos comienzan... a cansarse y puede sufrir calambres en las piernas o sentirse d?bil. La deshidrataci?n extrema puede colapsar los vasos sangu?neos. Una persona normalmente activa necesita beber al menos 2 cuartos de gal?n de agua por d?a. En un ambiente caluroso...

Crocker, Andrew

2007-10-08

110

Muscle fibre characteristics, enzyme activity and meat colour of wild boar (Sus scrofa s. L.) muscle with 2n=36 compared to those of phenotypically similar crossbreeds (2n=37 and 2n=38).  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to evaluate European wild boar (Sus scrofa s. L.) of chromosomal number 2n=36 in comparison with phenotypically similar crossbreeds (2n=37 and 2n=38) with respect to the muscle fibre characteristics and enzyme activity as well as meat colour in the longissimus dorsi (LD) and semimembranosus (SM) muscles. Differences in the proportion of IIA fibre in the LD muscle between karyotypes 2n=37 and 2n=38 were found. The 2n=36 group showed a lower muscle fibre cross-section area than the 2n=38 karyotype. The meat colour of the 2n=36 karyotype group was redder than 2n=37 and 2n=38. The muscle fibre cross-section area might explain the differences in colour of the meat of wild boar. PMID:24973777

Skewes, Oscar; Cdiz, Patricia; Merino, Victoria; Islas, Armando; Morales, Rodrigo

2014-10-01

111

Measurement of hydrogen permeation through SUS 316L for pressures from 0.8 to 2.0 bar and thicknesses from 1 to 3 mm at 800C  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A detailed understanding of the permeation of hydrogen isotopes through structural materials is an important issue concerning the reliability, safety, fuelling and environmental impact of fusion power reactors. The permeation of hydrogen through SUS 316L stainless steel, which will be used in various parts of fusion power reactors, was investigated at an elevated temperature of 800 C. From experiments at different hydrogen feed pressures of 0.8, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 bar with a 3-mm-thick membrane coupon, the hydrogen pressure exponent was determined, and the rate-limiting step for the permeation was determined to be bulk diffusion. From experiments using membranes of various thicknesses of 1, 2, and 3 mm at 1 bar, the effect of the membrane thickness on the hydrogen permeation was studied and discussed in relation to the bulk diffusion process. The results and the discussions for the hydrogen permeation experiments are presented here.

Lee, S. K.; Noh, S. J.; In, S. R.

2012-07-01

112

Nuevos escenarios de la migracin Mxico-Estados Unidos. Las consecuencias de la guerra antiinmigrante  

Microsoft Academic Search

New scenarios of Mexico-United States migration; the consequences of the anti- immigrant war The history of Mexico-U.S. migration is characterized by a series of discrete phases during which levels and patterns of migration change primarily in response to shifts in U.S. policies. The late 1990s witnessed the onset of the latest shift, moving Mexican immigration from the era of contradiction

Douglas S. MASSEY; Karen A. PREN; Jorge DURAND

2009-01-01

113

Consecuencias de la restriccin de peso impuesta por el deporte en la infancia  

Microsoft Academic Search

ExtractoActualmente, los competidores jvenes emprenden programas de entrenamiento que se basan en un nivel elevado de actividad fsica desde una temprana edad. Este entrenamiento intensivo (volumen e intensidad) aumenta el gasto de energa, que tiene que ser compensado por una mayor ingesta nutricional. Los bailarines de ballet, los patinadores artsticos, los gimnastas o los gimnastas rtmicos comienzan a entrenar a

Nathalie Boisseau

2006-01-01

114

Interacciones y consecuencias del consumo combinado de alcohol y cocana: una actualizacin sobre el cocaetileno1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients who request treatment for cocaine use and alcohol abuse present differences from those who use cocaine only. Ingestion of alcohol as a detonator of craving and the compulsi- ve search behaviour of cocaine leads to a greater loss of control on use, more social problems, more risk and more antisocial behaviours. Hypothesis: the presence of a metabolite known as

D. RAUL PASTOR; JUAN JOS LLOPIS; D. ABEL BAQUERO

115

Cmo maximizar sus oportunidades de ser  

E-print Network

finalizado Una opinión sobre un tema concreto Una tesis doctoral ¿Cómo empezar? Una ponencia de una conferencia Una experiencia práctica Un problema sin una solución fácil concreto ¿Cómo empezar? #12;Consejos

Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

116

Reducing Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa) population density as a measure for bovine tuberculosis control: effects in wild boar and a sympatric fallow deer (Dama dama) population in Central Spain.  

PubMed

Research on management of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in wildlife reservoir hosts is crucial for the implementation of effective disease control measures and the generation of practical bTB management recommendations. Among the management methods carried out on wild species to reduce bTB prevalence, the control of population density has been frequently used, with hunting pressure a practical strategy to reduce bTB prevalence. However, despite the number of articles about population density control in different bTB wildlife reservoirs, there is little information regarding the application of such measures on the Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa), which is considered the main bTB wildlife reservoir within Mediterranean ecosystems. This study shows the effects of a management measure leading to a radical decrease in wild boar population density at a large hunting estate in Central Spain, in order to assess the evolution of bTB prevalence in both the wild boar population and the sympatric fallow deer population. The evolution of bTB prevalence was monitored in populations of the two wild ungulate species over a 5-year study period (2007-2012). The results showed that bTB prevalence decreased in fallow deer, corresponding to an important reduction in the wild boar population. However, this decrease was not homogeneous: in the last season of study there was an increase in bTB-infected male animals. Moreover, bTB prevalence remained high in the remnant wild boar population. PMID:23490145

Garca-Jimnez, W L; Fernndez-Llario, P; Bentez-Medina, J M; Cerrato, R; Cuesta, J; Garca-Snchez, A; Gonalves, P; Martnez, R; Risco, D; Salguero, F J; Serrano, E; Gmez, L; Hermoso-de-Mendoza, J

2013-07-01

117

Phylogeny, spatio-temporal phylodynamics and evolutionary scenario of Torque teno sus virus 1 (TTSuV1) and 2 (TTSuV2) in wild boars: fast dispersal and high genetic diversity.  

PubMed

Torque teno sus viruses (TTSuV1-2), members of the newly established family Anelloviridae are considered non-pathogenic emerging viral agents of Suidae species. However, the genetic diversity, phylogeny and evolutionary processes responsible for the emergence and spread of TTSuVs in wild boars remain poorly understood. Here we implemented phylogenetic and evolutionary analyses to address key questions on the genetic diversity, evolutionary scenario and spatio-temporal dynamics of emerging TTSuVs in wild boars of the Western region (Transylvania) of Romania. High levels of genetic diversity of wild boar origin TTSuV1-2 have been found as well as a new TTSuV1 genotype and several new subtypes. Phylogenies suggest that several wild boar viral strains in both TTSuV species are likely to have emerged from a well-defined ancestor approximately 40 (TTSuV1) and 18 (TTSuV2) years ago and showed independent evolutionary trajectories. Bayesian phylogeography showed an intense flow of viral strains throughout the Transylvanian counties possibly related to wild host migrations, facilitating the rapid spread of TTSuVs. The intra-genotype and inter- and intrahost level recombination, intense spatio-temporal viral flow and the positively selected sites found in the ORF2 genes should be considered important driving forces shaping TTSuVs evolution. The first reported rates of nucleotide substitution for porcine anelloviruses, estimated to be 5.29-5.51 10(-4)subs site(-1)year(-1), are in line with those measured previously for mammalian ssDNA viruses and RNA viruses. These high evolutionary rates of TTSuVs, independent of recombination, are reflections of adaptive evolution, an important factor in the emergence of novel viral variants which may explain their ability to emerge in Suidae hosts. PMID:23850440

Cadar, Dniel; Kiss, Timea; dm, Dn; Csgola, Attila; Novosel, Dinko; Tuboly, Tams

2013-09-27

118

Controlling Mold Growth after the Storm (Spanish)  

E-print Network

tormentas que traen aparejados da?os provocados por el agua. Los da?os pueden ser causados por vientos y r?fagas de lluvia o inundaciones. El moho puede da?ar su hogar, sus bienes y su salud. Cuanto m?s permita que crezca el moho, mayor ser? el riesgo y m... experiencia en el tratamiento de da?os provocados por el agua y el tratamiento del moho. Sin embargo, esto puede resultar dif?cil luego de un desastre. Es probable que usted mismo tenga que limpiar. En ese caso, siga los pasos que se indican a continuaci...

Harris, Janie

2007-10-08

119

La reparacin del dao como mecanismo de tutela de la persona. Del dao a la salud a los nuevos daos extrapatrimoniales  

Microsoft Academic Search

En la actualidad, el operador del Derecho se enfrenta a dos de los ms importantes problemas del nuevo derecho de daos: por un lado, la clasificacin del perjuicio y, por el otro, la reparacin correspondiente a cada una de sus categoras, que debe estar informada por el principio de reparacin integral, y que impone en consecuencia considerar ms que las

Milagros Koteich Khatib

120

Memorias del Cuarto Simposio Internacional Sobre Polticas, Planificacin y Economa de los Incendios Forestales: Cambio Climtico e Incendios Forestales  

E-print Network

Cifuentes Medina2 Resumen Los mega incendios forestales son eventos de alto grado de criticidad e impacto accesibilidad al lugar, las complicaciones que se tuvo que resolver, sus consecuencias sobre el turismo y la, impactos económicos, mega incendios, El fuego como agente perturbador a escala regional. En Chile, y todo

Standiford, Richard B.

121

Directores de Escuela en Amrica Latina y el Caribe: Lderes del Cambio Sujetos a Cambio?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A pesar de que en los gobiernos de Amrica Latina y el Caribe la educacin tiene un lugar fundamental para el bienestar econmico, social y poltico de sus naciones, en todos los niveles de la sociedad permea la percepcin de que los sistemas educativos son dbiles. En consecuencia, los autores de polticas pblicas han respondido a las demandas de calidad

Allison M. Borden

2002-01-01

122

Boletn del Instituto Nacional del Cncer - 3 de enero de 2012  

Cancer.gov

Dra. Rachel Ballard-Barbash Nuevos indicios del papel de la obesidad en el cncer A medida que ha aumentado la prevalencia de la obesidad alrededor del mundo, se ha incrementado tambin la preocupacin sobre sus consecuencias en la salud pblica. Los ndices de obesidad se han ms que duplicado desde 1980, segn la Organizacin Mundial de la Salud.

123

MITOS Y VERDADES ACERCA DEL CAMBIO CLIM ATICO EN BOLIVIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN Los recientes desastres naturales han llamado la atencion de los medios de comunicacion hacia los posibles efectos del cambio climatico en Bolivia. Muchos de los desastres fueron atribuidos al calentamiento global, a El Nino o al agujero de ozono, entre otros. El presente artculo trata de identificar la posible relacion de los desastres naturales observados o predichos con estos

Marcos Andrade

2008-01-01

124

El suicidio y algunos de sus correlatos neurobiolgicos. Segunda parte  

Microsoft Academic Search

La induccin al suicidio por tratamientos farmacolgicos que buscan precisamente lo contrario es un punto de lgi- do debate. Los datos son concluyentes. Un estudio sueco compar la presencia o ausencia de antidepresivos inhibidores selectivos de recaptura de serotonina (ISRSs) en el plasma de suicidas, que lo haban consumado o no de manera violenta. Se encontr que entre los ms

Ana G. Gutirrez-Garca; Carlos M. Contreras

2008-01-01

125

La pizarra digital y sus posibilidades en el mundo educativo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuevos aprendizajes y nuevas mentes, llevan consigo la necesidad de profundizar en la metodologa a la hora de innovar y de aplicar las nuevas tecnologas en el aula. La inquietud de un grupo cada vez ms numeroso de profesores, junto a las tmidas aproximaciones de las diversas administraciones a la hora de dotar a los centros con nuevas tecnologas, hace

Ramn Domenech

2007-01-01

126

Meat from wild boar (Sus scrofa L.): a review.  

PubMed

Wild boar is a species that is utilised for food and sport hunting throughout the world. Recent increases in natural populations and the potential of farming wild boars have stimulated interest in this species as a meat producer. Compared to domestic pigs, wild boars present a higher degree of carcass fatness and larger loin areas, more slow-twitch oxidative (I) and fast-twitch oxidative glycolytic (IIA) and less fast-twitch glycolytic (IIB) muscle fibres, and darker, less tender and leaner meat. Differences in diets might contribute to differences in cooked meat flavour and fatty acid composition between wild boars and domestic pigs. Higher ?-tocopherol concentrations in wild boar might extend its meat shelf-life. Mechanical massaging of muscles, vacuum package ageing and addition of marinates have been attempted to tenderise wild boar meat. Further research on hunting protocols for wild boar, and value-added products from its meat, are needed. PMID:23501250

Sales, James; Kotrba, Radim

2013-06-01

127

Urano y sus dos satlites irregulares recientemente descubiertos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hasta hace poco tiempo, Urano era el nico de los Planetas Gigantes que no posea satlites irregulares. Esto lo diferenciaba del resto de los planetas Gigantes, al igual que la peculiar oblicuidad de su eje de spin. La gran inclinacin de su eje de rotacin se debe probablemente a una colisin que sufri el planeta con otro embrin planetario al final del proceso de formacin. Esta colisin habra desligado satlites exteriores preexistentes del planeta. Recientemente se han descubierto dos satlites irregulares de Urano, lo que introduce algunas nuevas cotas y condiciones en el escenario de la "Hiptesis de la Gran Colisin" . Los satlites irregulares de Urano tuvieron que ser capturados en una etapa posterior a la del escenario de la Gran Colisin, de no ser as, hubieran sido eyectados del sistema por el impulso impartido con ese gran impacto. En este trabajo, se discuten los posibles mecanismos de captura de los satlites irregulares y se presenta un nuevo posible mecanismo para dicha captura.

Parisi, M. G.; Brunini, A.

128

The domestication of pigs Sus scrofa German Landrace  

E-print Network

· Established protocols for: AI, ET, storage of semen, etc · Somatic cloning established with relatively high in pigs (Mariensee, 09/2006) The animal 2 days after NOTES The first successful removal of a kidney in a pig by NOTES #12;The need for new animal models Recent developments: plurip

Goldschmidt, Christina

129

INFECCIN POR VIH Y SUS IMPLICACIONES EN ENFERMEDADES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: In 1980 AIDS appeared in the USA in the homosexual community. Characteristics of the virus: a particle of HIV is formed by two identical RNA chains that are packed within a center of viral proteins, and surrounded by double layer of fosfolipids derived from the cellular membrane of the host. Clinical symptoms: It starts with a severe infection, evolving

PATRICIA MONTERO MORA; OLGA ADRIANA TINAJERO; CASTAEDA MARA DEL CARMEN GONZLEZ; PREZ GUILLERMO; ARTURO GUIDOS; FRANCISCO SUREZ NEZ

130

D?lais de prise en charge des syndromes coronariens aigus avec sus-d?calage du segment ST ? Ouagadougou et facteurs associ?s ? un allongement de ces d?lais: ?tude transversale ? propos de 43 cas collig?s au CHU-Yalgado Ou?draogo  

PubMed Central

La prise en charge de l'infarctus du myocarde est une course contre la montre et les trois premires heures constituent les golden hours . Les objectifs de ce travail taient de dterminer le dlai de prise en charge des infarctus du myocarde du myocarde au Burkina Faso, les facteurs lis un allongement du dlai et le pronostic des patients. Il s'agit d'une tude transversale descriptive mene de Septembre 2010 Aot 2011. Le critre d'inclusion tait l'infarctus du myocarde dont le diagnostic tait bas sur des critres clinique (douleur angineuse), lectrocardiographique (sus-dcalage persistant du segment ST dans au moins deux drivations contigus du mme territoire coronaire, onde Q de ncrose) et biologique (lvation de la troponine). Les informations relatives au dlai de prise en charge ont t recueillies: dbut du premier symptme, contact avec le premier agent de sant et le cardiologue, nombre de centre de sant consult avant le transfert en cardiologie, situation gographique des patients, moyen de transport utilis. Les donnes ont t analyses grce au logiciel SPSS version 17. Durant la priode dtude, 43 patients dge moyen de 56,51 12,91 ans ont t admis pour infarctus du myocarde. Plus de la moiti des patients (72,0%) habitait Ouagadougou et sa banlieue. Le dlai moyen entre le dbut de la douleur et la consultation dans la premire structure sanitaire tait de 48 20,8 heures; celui entre le dbut de la douleur et la ralisation du premier ECG tait en moyenne de 8,6 4,5 jours. Le dlai entre la ralisation de l'ECG et l'admission dans le service de cardiologie tait de 4,35 4,0 jours [00 heure et 13 jours]. Le dlai entre l'admission dans le service de cardiologie et la thrombolyse tait de 34 minutes. Enfin le dlai entre le dbut de la douleur et le contact avec le cardiologue tait de 9,63,5 jours. Il n'y avait pas de diffrence statiquement significative (P = 0,076) entre le dlai de consultation des malades rsidant en campagne et ceux rsidant en ville. Le moyen de dplacement le plus utilis tait les transports en commun (67,4%). Aucun patient ntait rfr par un transport mdicalis. Aucun patient ntait rfr aprs la premire consultation dans une structure sanitaire. Seuls 6 patients taient rfrs avec le diagnostic de SCA ST+. Lge de plus de 60 ans (P = 0,016), la prescription des antalgiques (p =0,021) et le niveau socioconomique faible (P= 0,038) taient galement des facteurs associs un allongement des dlais de prise en charge. La reperfusion myocardique tait constitue par la thrombolyse la streptokinase qui a t ralise chez 2 patients. La coronarographie n'a pas t ralise. Lvolution a t marque par 5 dcs (11,6%). la prise en charge des infarctus du myocarde au Burkina Faso est caractrise par de trs longs dlais. Elle n'est de ce fait pas optimale. PMID:23396976

Yameogo, Nobila Valentin; Samadoulougou, Andre; Millogo, Georges; Kologo, Koudougou Jonas; Kombassere, Karim; Toguyeni, Boubacar Jean Yves; Zabsonre, Patrice

2012-01-01

131

EUROPEAN WILD BOAR PUREBRED AND SUS SCROFA INTERCROSSES. DISCRIMINATION PROPOSALS. A REVIEW EL JABALI EUROPEO PURO Y MESTIZOS DE SUS SCROFA. PROPUESTAS DE DISCRIMINACION. UNA REVISION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the literature about differentiation between European wild boars, pigs (feral and do- mestic) and their crosses. In the past, cranial and external body measurements, coat coloration patterns and hair measurements were used with limited success, as a differentiating method. Later, the differential ch- romosomal number offered better possibilities of discrimination, where 2n36 is the diploid number of

Paula Aravena; Oscar Skewes

2007-01-01

132

Wild boar ( Sus scrofa scrofa L.) rooting and forest regeneration on podzolic soils in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Phenology and the effects of rooting by wild boar on soil chemistry and forest regeneration were studied by stratified sampling, in deciduous and coniferous forests on acidic, podzolic soils in the central part of the Netherlands. At increasing degrees of soil scarification, three types of rooting were distinguished. Rooting phenology was dominated by superficial rooting in the litter layer, with

G. W. T. A. Groot Bruinderink; E. Hazebroek

1996-01-01

133

Bunuel y la novela Hispana: Un estudio de sus transposiciones Mexicanas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation examines the juncture between three films by Luis Buuel and the novels by Mercedes Pinto, Rodolfo Usigli and Miguel Alvarez Acosta. The primary approaches are narratological and comparative. While much of Buuel's work has been studied from other perspectives, strict narratological and comparative analysis of the texts have been all but absent from the extensive critical work surrounding

Gerardo Tonatiuh Cummings

2006-01-01

134

ESCAPE MOVEMENTS OF WILD BOAR PIGLETS (Sus scrofa L.) AFTER TRAPPING, MARKING AND RELEASING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1998, we have collected ecological and behavioural data from a wild boar population in Lower Saxony, Germany. We recorded escape movements and flight distances of 68 radio-marked wild boar piglets (11-40 kg body weight) after trapping, marking, and release. Wild boar were trapped in wire cages (300x100x100cm) and processed by hand, without the use of anaesthetising drugs. The longest

GUNTER SODEIKAT; KLAUS POHLMEYER

135

Rutiner fr miljarbete, Zoologiska institutionen Frutom vra vergripande (Sus miljhandlingsplan) och tidsbegrnsade miljml (vr  

E-print Network

. Praktiska tips och länkar till företag med miljövänliga alternativ för t.ex resor mm finner du på hemsidans miljösidor under "Praktiska tips". Har du några frågor kring miljöarbetet kan du vända dig till alternativ till att resa, till exempel kan videokonferens vara ett alternativ till att resa. ?tervinning Alla

136

Innate immunity correlates with host fitness in wild boar (Sus scrofa) exposed to classical swine fever.  

PubMed

Constitutive humoral immunity (CHI) is thought to be a first-line of protection against pathogens invading vertebrate hosts. However, clear evidence that CHI correlates with host fitness in natural conditions is still lacking. This study explores the relationship between CHI, measured using a haemagglutination-haemolysis assay (HAHL), and resistance to classical swine fever virus (CSFV) among wild boar piglets. The individual dynamics of HAHL during piglet growth was analysed, using 423 serum samples from 92 piglets repeatedly captured in the absence of CSFV (in 2006) within two areas showing contrasting food availability. Natural antibody levels increased with age, but, in the youngest piglets antibody levels were higher in individuals from areas with the highest food availability. Complement activity depended on natural antibody levels and piglets' body condition. In the presence of CSFV (i.e., in 2005 within one area), serum samples from piglets that were repeatedly captured were used to assess whether piglet HAHL levels affected CSFV status at a later capture. The correlation between CHI and resistance to CSFV was tested using 79 HAHL measures from 23 piglets captured during a CSFV outbreak. Both natural antibodies and complement activity levels measured at a given time correlated negatively to the subsequent probability of becoming viremic. Finally, capture-mark-recapture models showed that piglets with medium/high average complement activity, independently of their age, were significantly less at risk of becoming viremic and more likely to develop a specific immune response than piglets with low complement activity. Additionally, piglets with high average complement activity showed the highest survival prospects. This study provides evidence linking CHI to individual fitness within a natural mammal population. The results also highlight the potential of HAHL assays to explore the dynamics and co-evolution between wildlife mammal hosts and blood-borne parasites interacting with the CHI. PMID:24260286

Rossi, Sophie; Doucelin, Anas; Le Potier, Marie-Frdrique; Eraud, Cyril; Gilot-Fromont, Emmanuelle

2013-01-01

137

Meiotic Recombination Analyses of Individual Chromosomes in Male Domestic Pigs (Sus scrofa domestica)  

PubMed Central

For the first time in the domestic pig, meiotic recombination along the 18 porcine autosomes was directly studied by immunolocalization of MLH1 protein. In total, 7,848 synaptonemal complexes from 436 spermatocytes were analyzed, and 13,969 recombination sites were mapped. Individual chromosomes for 113 of the 436 cells (representing 2,034 synaptonemal complexes) were identified by immunostaining and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The average total length of autosomal synaptonemal complexes per cell was 190.3 m, with 32.0 recombination sites (crossovers), on average, per cell. The number of crossovers and the lengths of the autosomal synaptonemal complexes showed significant intra- (i.e. between cells) and inter-individual variations. The distributions of recombination sites within each chromosomal category were similar: crossovers in metacentric and submetacentric chromosomes were concentrated in the telomeric regions of the p- and q-arms, whereas two hotspots were located near the centromere and in the telomeric region of acrocentrics. Lack of MLH1 foci was mainly observed in the smaller chromosomes, particularly chromosome 18 (SSC18) and the sex chromosomes. All autosomes displayed positive interference, with a large variability between the chromosomes. PMID:24919066

Mary, Nicolas; Barasc, Harmonie; Ferchaud, Stephane; Billon, Yvon; Meslier, Frederic; Robelin, David; Calgaro, Anne; Loustau-Dudez, Anne-Marie; Bonnet, Nathalie; Yerle, Martine; Acloque, Herve; Ducos, Alain; Pinton, Alain

2014-01-01

138

PARALELO ENTRE LA ACTIVIDAD Y LA SUSTANCIA ADICTIVA DESDE UN ENFOQUE SOCIAL Y SUS POSIBLES TRATAMIENTOS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen El tema de las adicciones ha sido abordado histric amente por la literatura desde mltiples puntos de vista, sin embargo en esta investigacin bibliogrfica nuestra intenci n es dimensionar las teoras sobre el origen de la s adicciones, considerando la complementariedad terica para la q ue se presta el tema, permitiendo un paralelo con l as terapias psicoanalticas y

Alan Herzberg; Viviana Messina; Diego Moreno; Natalia Olmedo; Romina Pitronello; Francisca Roman

139

Cadaveric volatile organic compounds released by decaying pig carcasses ( Sus domesticus L.) in different biotopes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forensic entomology uses pig carcasses to surrogate human decomposition and to investigate the entomofaunal colonization. Insects communicate with their environment through the use of chemical mediators, which in the case of necrophagous insects, may consist in the cadaveric volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released by the corpse under decomposition. Previous studies have focused on cadaveric VOCs released from human corpses. Nevertheless,

J. Dekeirsschieter; F. J. Verheggen; M. Gohy; F. Hubrecht; L. Bourguignon; G. Lognay; E. Haubruge

2009-01-01

140

Farmacognosia: breve historia de sus orgenes y su relacin con las ciencias mdicas  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY. Pharmacognosy: brief history of its origins and their relation with the medical sciences. Since ancient times, human beings have procured their well-being and have found a great part of it in nature, in many cases associated with mystical aspects.

Vieyle Cortez-Gallardo; Juan P. Macedo-Ceja; Mauricio Hernndez-Arroyo; Gabriel Arteaga-Aureoles; Diana Espinosa-Galvn; Juan F. Rodrguez-Landa

141

HACIA LA CONSTRUCCIN DEL SUJETO Y SUS PROCESOS DE LECTURA EN LA HIPERTEXTUALIDAD LATINOAMERICANA  

E-print Network

? (1956) de Decio Pignatari, ?Verde Erva? de Ferreira Gullar, de su libro Poemas (1958), ?A Ave? (1956) y ?Solida? (1956) de Wlademir Dias-Pino, que representan diferentes estadios en el desarrollo de esta poes?a. En estos poemas, la confluencia entre... percepci?n y participaci?n del lector-usuario que se puede lograr su significaci?n. Con la ayuda de los medios electr?nicos, especialmente la computadora, y del software adecuado, los signos del texto virtual pueden alcanzar dimensiones m?ltiples al...

Acuna-Zumbado, Eduardo

2008-07-21

142

PROPIEDADES FSICAS E HIDRULICAS DE PERLITA EN CULTIVOS DE ROSAS Y SUS VARIACIONES TEMPORALES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical and hydraulic properties of perlite used as unique substrate in a greenhouse cut roses (Rosa hybrida L.) culture and their dependence on time were investigated. Samples of, perlite with 0,28 and 39 months of use, extracted from the rhizosphere, were analyzed. Bulk density (DA), real density of intact particles (DRI) real density of pulverized particles (DRP), particle size distribution,

DANIEL A. MARTNEZ; ANA MARA LANDINI; HCTOR SVARTZ; LILIA VENCE; LUCILA BOTTINI; LIBERTAD MASCARINI; SUSANA ORDEN; FERNANDO VILELLA

2006-01-01

143

Microstructure analysis for chemical interaction between cesium and SUS 316 steel in fast breeder reactor application  

SciTech Connect

In this study the corrosion products on a surface after cesium corrosion examination at 650 deg. C for 100 hrs were characterized by TEM observation around the corroded area on the surface in order to understand the corrosion mechanism of cesium fission product for cladding materials in fast reactor. The experimental results suggest the main corrosion mechanism occurred in the process of the separation of cesium chromate and metal (Fe, Ni). The main reaction of corrosion process was considered to be equation, 2Cs + 7/2 O{sub 2} + 2Cr {yields} Cs{sub 2}Cr{sub 2}O{sub 7}(L). (authors)

Sasaki, K.; Fukumoto, K. I.; Oshima, T.; Tanigaki, T.; Masayoshi, U. [RINE, Univ. of Fukui, 3-9-1, Bunkyo, Fukui, 910-8507 (Japan)

2012-07-01

144

HOME RANGE AND HABITAT USE OF FERAL HOGS (SUS SCROFA) IN  

E-print Network

April 2005 to November 2006 in Congaree National Park (CNP). Seven male and nine female hogs were and polytomous logistic regression (PLR). Habitat use models were developed separately for males and females This work is dedicated to the memory of my mother. I learned from her the value of never quitting. #12;iv iv

Jodice, Patrick

145

POLTICAS EDUCATIVAS E INNOVACIN EDUCATIVA APOYADA EN TIC: SUS DESARROLLOS EN EL MBITO AUTONMICO  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes an approach to the autonomic educational policies and its impact in the application in the innovation proccess in the classroom with ICT, by jeans of the development the best practices. The main objective is analyse three concepts: educational policies, innovation process and best practice in information and knowledge society. This work is part of a research study

Juan de Pablos Pons; Teresa Gonzlez Ramrez

146

Alaria alata in wild boars (Sus scrofa, Linnaeus, 1758) in the eastern parts of Germany.  

PubMed

Over the last decade, incidental findings of Alaria alata in stocks of German wild boar during the official Trichinella inspection have been increased. As early as 2006, the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment pointed out the possible health risk to the consumer posed by this trematode. However, at that time, reliable data concerning the prevalence of the parasite in German wild boars and feral pigs were lacking especially because no appropriate detection method was available. The development of the A. alata mesocercariae technique (Riehn et al., Parasitol Res 107(1):213-220, 2010) now makes it possible to close the remaining gaps in knowledge in this field. Over a 2-year period, 286 retained samples of fresh meat from wild boars originating from different hunting areas in Brandenburg and Saxony-Anhalt, which were tested negative for A. alata during the official Trichinella inspection in the competent veterinary inspection offices, were reexamined with the A. alata mesocercariae migration technique (AMT). In 33 out of 286 retained meat samples (11.5%) with a preliminary negative report, the trematode was demonstrated during the follow-up examination using AMT. This result especially in connection with the highly heterogeneous distribution of the parasite within the hosts' body (Riehn et al., Parasitol Res 107(1):213-220, 2010; Moehl et al., Parasitol Res 105(1):1-15, 2009) shows clearly that a high number of unreported cases of alariosis in wild boars have to be assumed. PMID:22562214

Riehn, Katharina; Hamedy, Ahmad; Grosse, Knut; Wste, Tanja; Lcker, Ernst

2012-10-01

147

Malondialdehyde and heavy metal concentrations in tissues of wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) from central Croatia.  

PubMed

The aim of this research was to assess the degree of heavy metal (cadmium, lead and mercury) contamination of wild boars from central Croatia and thereby conduct further tests to connect the contamination to oxidative stress occurrence. The highest cadmium concentration was noticed in the kidneys of older boars, the lead concentration was approximately the same in the liver and kidneys, but it was much higher than the concentration in the muscles, while the highest mercury concentration was measured in the kidneys of all wild boars. The correlation between the malondialdehyde (MDA) and the heavy metal concentrations was higher in tissue samples taken from younger animals (1 to 3 years of age) than in the tissue samples taken from older animals (5 to 6 years of age). In the kidneys of all wild boars there was a statistically significant connection between the MDA and cadmium concentration; in the kidneys of younger wild boars there was a statistically significant connection between the MDA and lead concentration. Further research on this topic should focus on MDA potential to find its use, not only as a contamination biomarker in the area of ecotoxicology, but also in the evaluation of the hygienic acceptability of animal products. PMID:23305283

uran, Jelena; Pri?, Martina; Rai?, Dubravka; Srebo?an, Emil; Crni?, Andreja Prevendar

2013-01-01

148

Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of antimicrobial resistance in faecal enterococci from wild boars ( Sus scrofa)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective was to study the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance and the mechanisms implicated in faecal enterococci of wild boars in Portugal. One hundred and thirty-four enterococci (67 E. faecium, 54 E. hirae, 2 E. faecalis, 2 E. durans and 9 Enterococcus spp.) were recovered from 67 wild boars (two isolates\\/sample), and were further analysed. High percentages of resistance were

Patricia Poeta; Daniela Costa; Gilberto Igrejas; Jorge Rodrigues; Carmen Torres

2007-01-01

149

Importancia econmica de las caractersticas fonticas del idioma espaol y sus variedades regionales  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper tries to quantify economically the importance of five phonetic haracteristics (seseo, yeismo, \\/s\\/-aspiration, rehilamiento, and \\/x\\/-aspiration) whose presence or absence allows to distinguish among ten regional varieties of Spanish. To do that we perform an analysis of the extension of those characteristics and we estimate which of them correspond to the average speaker of Spanish, which end up

Germn Coloma

2010-01-01

150

ANLISIS DE LAS FUNCIONES DEL PROFESORADO UNIVERSITARIO Y SUS LIMITACIONES PARA REALIZAR INVESTIGACIN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen: El trabajo que se presenta indaga las funciones del profesorado universitario, as como las causas y limitaciones para realizar investigacin en la Universidad Tecnolgica de San Juan del Ro, Quertaro, Mxico. El profesorado universitario debe atender a tres funciones representativas de esta profesin: la docencia y tutora, la investigacin y la gestin. Se emple una metodologa descriptiva, mediante la

Marco Antonio Zamora Antuano; Jess Salvador; Zamora Aboytes; Jos Antonio Cano Lpez

151

SEMANA DEL 12 AL 16 DE JULIO MARTE Y SUS ENIGMAS*  

E-print Network

. Chicarro, ESA; Rosario Lunar, Univ. Complutense; Nilton O. Renno, Univ. Michigan; David S. McKay, JSC para aquellos alumnos de la Universidad Complutense de 1º ó 2º ciclo que lo soliciten, cumplan los

Tradacete, Pedro

152

El consumo riesgoso y daino de alcohol y sus factores predictivos en adolescentes estudiantes del bachillerato  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Alcohol is commonly used among adolescents in Mexico. In a representative survey of Mexico's general population, 30% of the teenagers reported current drinking, whereas 8% incurred in binge drinking (5 or more drinks per occasion) at least once during the last year. In addition, 3% reported three or more alcohol dependence symptoms over the last 12 months. In this

L. Rosa; Daz Martnez; Alejandro Daz Martnez; Carlos A. Hernndez-vila; Hctor Fernndez Varela; Cuauhtemoc Sols Torres; Jos Narro Robles

153

Foraging behaviour in domestic pigs ( Sus scrofa ): remembering and prioritizing food sites of different value  

Microsoft Academic Search

This experiment investigated whether domestic pigs can remember the locations of food sites of different relative value, and how a restricted retrieval choice affects their foraging behaviour. Nine juvenile female pigs were trained to relocate two food sites out of a possible eight in a spatial memory task. The two baited sites contained different amounts of food and an obstacle

S Held; J Baumgartner; A KilBride; R W Byrne; M Mendl

2005-01-01

154

RESEARCH ARTICLE Increase in crop damage caused by wild boar (Sus scrofa L.)  

E-print Network

, behaviour and abundance. Little or no attention has been devoted to wildlife management and the agricultural mosaic. We hypothesised that the agricultural structure of the landscape and wildlife management planning of wild boar shot down, hunting management and the legal status of the wild boar. The terrain

Boyer, Edmond

155

La revolucin keynesiana y sus pioneros: los keynesianos y la poltica del gobierno 1933-1939  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este artculo el autor, sobre la base de un anlisis de las principales contribuciones econmicas de la dcada del 30, destaca los elementos de Keynesianismo implcitos en los primeros aportes de Currie y en general del grupo de \\

Alan Sweezy; Traduccin de Mario Garca

1993-01-01

156

Light Microscopic, Electron Microscopic, and Immunohistochemical Comparison of Bama Minipig (Sus scrofa domestica) and Human Skin  

PubMed Central

Here we sought to evaluate the possibility of using Chinese Bama miniature pig skin as a suitable animal model for human skin. Morphologic features of the skin of Bama miniature pigs resemble those of human skin, including skin layer thickness, development of a superficial vascular system, structure of the dermalepidermal interface, and extracellular matrix. The characteristics and densities of Langerhans cells, fibroblasts, vascular endothelial cells, and mast cells were similar between Bama pig and human skin. Immunohistochemistry showed that miniature pigs and humans have the same antigenic determinants of human laminin, fibronectin, filaggrin, collagen I, collagen III, collagen IV, and keratin but not CD34, ICAM1, or S100. In addition, collagen type I from Bama miniature pig skin exhibited physicochemical characteristics resembling those of human skin, in regard to HPLC chromatography, UV spectroscopy, amino-acid composition, and SDS-PAGE analysis. Given these results, we concluded that Bama miniature pigs have great potential as a human skin model and for developing dermal substitute materials in wound repair. However, we also observed some disparities between the skin of Bama miniature pigs and humans, including pigment cell distribution, sweat gland types, and others. Therefore, further studies are needed to completely evaluate the effects of these interspecies differences on the actual application of the model. PMID:20412690

Liu, Yu; Chen, Jun-ying; Shang, Hai-tao; Liu, Chang-e; Wang, Yong; Niu, Rong; Wu, Jun; Wei, Hong

2010-01-01

157

Light microscopic, electron microscopic, and immunohistochemical comparison of Bama minipig (Sus scrofa domestica) and human skin.  

PubMed

Here we sought to evaluate the possibility of using Chinese Bama miniature pig skin as a suitable animal model for human skin. Morphologic features of the skin of Bama miniature pigs resemble those of human skin, including skin layer thickness, development of a superficial vascular system, structure of the dermal-epidermal interface, and extracellular matrix. The characteristics and densities of Langerhans cells, fibroblasts, vascular endothelial cells, and mast cells were similar between Bama pig and human skin. Immunohistochemistry showed that miniature pigs and humans have the same antigenic determinants of human laminin, fibronectin, filaggrin, collagen I, collagen III, collagen IV, and keratin but not CD34, ICAM1, or S100. In addition, collagen type I from Bama miniature pig skin exhibited physicochemical characteristics resembling those of human skin, in regard to HPLC chromatography, UV spectroscopy, amino-acid composition, and SDS-PAGE analysis. Given these results, we concluded that Bama miniature pigs have great potential as a human skin model and for developing dermal substitute materials in wound repair. However, we also observed some disparities between the skin of Bama miniature pigs and humans, including pigment cell distribution, sweat gland types, and others. Therefore, further studies are needed to completely evaluate the effects of these interspecies differences on the actual application of the model. PMID:20412690

Liu, Yu; Chen, Jun-ying; Shang, Hai-tao; Liu, Chang-e; Wang, Yong; Niu, Rong; Wu, Jun; Wei, Hong

2010-04-01

158

First detection of Alaria alata mesocercariae in wild boars (Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758) from Bulgaria.  

PubMed

The trematode Alaria alata, an intestinal parasite of different carnivore species is widely distributed throughout Europe. The mesocercarial stages of Alaria spp. may infect almost all vertebrate species, including humans, and, in particular, omnivorous scavengers such as wild boars serve as paratenic hosts for the parasite. The introduction of the A. alata mesocercariae migration technique (AMT) opened the way to a reliable detection of Alaria spp. mesocercariae in different body tissues of their paratenic hosts. For the first time, it was possible to detect vital A. alata mesocercariae from two Bulgarian wild boars by means of this new method. In addition, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) examination of the respective parasitic DNA allowed the unequivocal species identification of the parasites as A. alata. Isolation and molecular biological identification of the parasite's developmental stages make significant contributions to completion of data on both the distribution of Alaria spp. in stocks of European game and the relationship between different Eurasian Alaria spp. isolates. PMID:23374251

Riehn, K; Lalkovski, N; Hamedy, A; Lcker, Ernst

2014-06-01

159

La historia de la Literatura: sus problemas y methodos (The History of Literature: Problems and Methods)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to achieve its goals, the study of literary history should follow a "programmed process." Such a process would help solve problems in the following areas: bibliography, text criticism, interpretation and explanation, dates and chronology, authenticity, source and origin etc. (Text is in Spanish.) (DS)

Dopico, Blanca

1975-01-01

160

Development of a porcine (Sus scofa) embryo-specific microarray: array annotation and validation  

PubMed Central

Background The domestic pig is an important livestock species and there is strong interest in the factors that affect the development of viable embryos and offspring in this species. A limited understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in early embryonic development has inhibited our ability to fully elucidate these factors. Next generation deep sequencing and microarray technologies are powerful tools for delineation of molecular pathways involved in the developing embryo. Results Here we present the development of a porcine-embryo-specific microarray platform created from a large expressed sequence tag (EST) analysis generated by Roche/454 next-generation sequencing of cDNAs constructed from critical stages of in vivo or in vitro porcine preimplantation embryos. Two cDNA libraries constructed from in vitro and in vivo produced preimplantation porcine embryos were normalized and sequenced using 454 Titanium pyrosequencing technology. Over one million high-quality EST sequences were obtained and used to develop the EMbryogene Porcine Version 1 (EMPV1) microarray composed of 43,795 probes. Based on an initial probe sequence annotation, the EMPV1 features 17,409 protein-coding, 473 pseudogenes, 46 retrotransposed, 2,359 non-coding RNA, 4,121 splice variants in 2,862 genes and a total of 12,324 Novel Transcript Regions (NTR). After re-annotation, the total unique genes increased from 11,961 to 16,281 and 1.9% of them belonged to a large olfactory receptor (OR) gene family. Quality control on the EMPV1 was performed and revealed an even distribution of ten clusters of spiked-in control spots and array to array (dye-swap) correlation was 0.97. Conclusions Using next-generation deep sequencing we have produced a large EST dataset to allow for the selection of probe sequences for the development of the EMPV1 microarray platform. The quality of this embryo-specific array was confirmed with a high-level of reproducibility using current Agilent microarray technology. With more than an estimated 20,000 unique genes represented on the EMPV1, this platform will provide the foundation for future research into the in vivo and in vitro factors that affect the viability of porcine embryos, as well as the effects of these factors on the live offspring that result from these embryos. PMID:22863022

2012-01-01

161

A preliminary study on insects associated with pig (Sus scrofa) carcasses in Phitsanulok, northern Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

A preliminary study on insects associated with pig carcasses was conducted in Phitsanulok, northern Thailand. Five decomposition stages of pig carcasses were categorized: fresh (0-1 day after death), bloated (2 days after death), active (3 days after death), advanced (4- 6 days after death) and dry (7-30 days after death). The arthropod species collected from the corpses in the field

Apichat Vitta; Wilawan Pumidonming; Udomsak Tangchaisuriya; Chanasorn Poodendean; Saengchai Nateeworanart

162

La problematica de la demarcacion entre ciencia y pseudociencia y sus implicaciones en la educacion cientifica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

En la sociedad prevalece una tendencia generalizada hacia la inclusion de creencias y practicas pseudocientificas. Esta investigacion responde a la necesidad de analizar como la proliferacion de las pseudociencias afecta la vision que tienen los estudiantes universitarios sobre las ciencias naturales. A tales efectos, la investigadora describe las concepciones epistemologicas que tienen los estudiantes sobre las ciencias y las pseudociencias e identifica los criterios de demarcacion, entre un area y otra, que se derivan de estas concepciones. De igual modo, esta identifica las creencias y practicas pseudocientificas de mayor arraigo entre los estudiantes, destacando, a su vez, la razon de ser de las mismas. Por ultimo, la investigadora analiza las implicaciones educativas de la problematica de la demarcacion entre ciencia y pseudociencia. La investigacion es de naturaleza mixta, enmarcada en los paradigmas empirico- analitico y cualitativo. El proceso investigativo se llevo a cabo mediante la administracion del cuestionario Criterios para la demarcacion entre ciencia y pseudociencia. La parte cualitativa estuvo enmarcada en el diseno de estudio de caso, recopilando informacion mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas en dos grupos focales. La poblacion de estudio estuvo constituida por estudiantes universitarios del nivel subgraduado de la Universidad Central de Bayamon. Los resultados del estudio reflejaron las concepciones erroneas de los estudiantes sobre la naturaleza de las ciencias y las pseudociencias. Con respecto a la demarcacion entre ciencia y pseudociencia, el criterio imperante entre los universitarios es el de la verificabilidad, considerando la aplicacion del metodo cientifico como el metodo para demostrar la veracidad de las teorias cientificas. Las creencias y practicas pseudocientificas no son muy frecuentes entre los universitarios. Estos atribuyen las mismas a la prevalencia de elementos supersticiosos y al engano a que es sometida la poblacion por quienes promueven estas practicas. A partir de los resultados, la investigadora concluye que la problematica sobre la demarcacion entre ciencia y pseudociencia esta influenciada por unos procesos de ensenanza enfocados en una vision distorsionada de la ciencia, producto de la no integracion de los aspectos filosoficos, historicos y sociales de la misma.

Jimenez Tolentino, Dinorah

163

The spatial ecology of free-ranging domestic pigs (Sus scrofa) in western Kenya  

PubMed Central

Background In many parts of the developing world, pigs are kept under low-input systems where they roam freely to scavenge food. These systems allow poor farmers the opportunity to enter into livestock keeping without large capital investments. This, combined with a growing demand for pork, especially in urban areas, has led to an increase in the number of small-holder farmers keeping free range pigs as a commercial enterprise. Despite the benefits which pig production can bring to a household, keeping pigs under a free range system increases the risk of the pig acquiring diseases, either production-limiting or zoonotic in nature. This study used Global Positioning System (GPS) technology to track free range domestic pigs in rural western Kenya, in order to understand their movement patterns and interactions with elements of the peri-domestic environment. Results We found that these pigs travel an average of 4,340?m in a 12?hr period and had a mean home range of 10,343?m2 (range 2,93732,759?m2) within which the core utilisation distribution was found to be 964?m2 (range 2463,289?m2) with pigs spending on average 47% of their time outside their homestead of origin. Conclusion These are the first data available on the home range of domestic pigs kept under a free range system: the data show that pigs in these systems spend much of their time scavenging outside their homesteads, suggesting that these pigs may be exposed to infectious agents over a wide area. Control policies for diseases such as Taenia solium, Trypanosomiasis, Trichinellosis, Toxoplasmosis or African Swine Fever therefore require a community-wide focus and pig farmers require education on the inherent risks of keeping pigs under a free range system. The work presented here will enable future research to incorporate movement data into studies of disease transmission, for example for the understanding of transmission of African Swine Fever between individuals, or in relation to the life-cycle of parasites including Taenia solium. PMID:23497587

2013-01-01

164

La Geologa: su filosofa y sus Angel F. Nieto-Samaniego  

E-print Network

un geólogo en la ciudad? Travertino (Hierve el Agua, Oax.) #12;#12;Geología La historia de las Rocas #12;Formación de rocas La acumulación de sedimentos (Agua) #12;Formación de rocas La acumulación de sedimentos (Agua) #12;Formación de rocas La acumulación de sedimentos (Agua) #12;Formación de rocas La

Bor, Gil

165

LA VUELTA A LA NORMALIDAD No se olvide de sus necesidades bsicas.  

E-print Network

salud. Cuando regrese a su casa: Cierre la línea principal de agua de la casa si hay una fuga de agua evidente. Consulte a los funcionarios locales antes de beber el agua, ya que podría estar contaminada y necesitar que la potabilicen. No toque los electrodomesticos si esta mojado o parado en un lugar con agua

166

The PiGMaP consortium linkage map of the pig ( Sus scrofa )  

Microsoft Academic Search

A linkage map of the porcine genome has been developed by segregation analysis of 239 genetic markers. Eighty-one of these markers correspond to known genes. Linkage groups have been assigned to all 18 autosomes plus the X Chromosome (Chr). As 69 of the markers on the linkage map have also been mapped physically (by others), there is significant integration of

A. L. Archibald; C. S. Haley; J. F. Brown; S. Couperwhite; H. A. McQueen; D. Nicholson; W. Coppieters; Weghe van de A; A. Stratil; A. K. Winter; M. Fredholm; N. J. Larsen; V. H. Nielsen; D. Milan; N. Woloszyn; A. Robic; M. Dalens; J. Rioquet; J. Gellin; J.-C. Caritez; G. Burgaud; L. Ollivier; J.-P. Bidanel; M. Vaiman; C. Renard; H. Geldermann; R. Davoli; D. Ruyter; E. J. M. Verstege; M. A. M. Groenen; W. Davies; B. Hyheim; A. Keiserud; L. Andersson; H. Ellegren; M. Johansson; L. Marklund; J. R. Miller; D. V. Anderson Dear; E. Signer; A. J. Jeffreys; C. Moran; P. Tissier; Muladno; M. F. Rothschild; C. K. Tuggle; D. Vaske; J. Helm; H.-C. Liu; A. Rahman; T.-P. Yu; R. G. Larson; C. B. Schmitz

1995-01-01

167

Free and sulfated steroids secretion in postpubertal boars (Sus scrofa domestica).  

PubMed

Sulfated steroids have been traditionally regarded as inactive metabolites. However, they may also serve as precursors for the production of active free steroids in target cells. In this study, we used the boar as a model to study the metabolism, transport, and function of steroid sulfates due to their high production in the porcine testicular-epididymal compartment, of which the role is unknown. To characterize the secretion of free and sulfated steroids, plasma samples were collected from six postpubertal boars over 6 ?h every 20 ?min from the jugular vein. Long-term secretion profiles were also established in seven boars stimulated with human chorionic gonadotropin. To directly characterize the testicular output, samples were collected from superficial testicular arterial and venous blood vessels. Testosterone, androstenedione and sulfated pregnenolone, DHEA, estrone (E1), and estradiol-17? (E2) were determined by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Free E1 and E2 were measured by RIA. Irrespective of a high variability between individuals, the results suggest that i) all steroids assessed are primarily produced in the testis, ii) they exhibit similar profiles pointing to a pulsatile secretion with low frequency (three to five pulses per day), and iii) after synthesis at least a major proportion is immediately released into peripheral circulation. The fact that all steroid sulfates assessed are original testicular products and their high correlations with one another suggest their role as being intermediates of testicular steroidogenesis rather than as being inactivated end products. Moreover, a substantial use of sulfated steroids in porcine testicular steroidogenesis would assign a crucial regulatory role to steroid sulfatase, which is highly expressed in Leydig cells. PMID:24961601

Schuler, G; Dezhkam, Y; Bingsohn, L; Hoffmann, B; Failing, K; Galuska, C E; Hartmann, M F; Snchez-Guijo, A; Wudy, S A

2014-09-01

168

Molecular evidence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Belgium  

PubMed Central

Background Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a tick-borne pathogen of veterinary and human importance. Both ticks as vectors and vertebrates as reservoir hosts are essential for the cycle maintenance of this bacterium. Currently, the whole range of animal species reservoirs for A. phagocytophilum in natural environment is still unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of infection with A. phagocytophilum in the wild boar population in southern Belgium. Results In the frame of a targeted surveillance program, 513 wild boars were sampled during the hunting season 2011. A nested 16S rRNA PCR was used to screen the presence of A. phagocytophilum DNA in spleen of boars. Within 513 samples, 5 (0,97%) were tested PCR positive and identification was confirmed by sequencing. Conclusions This study gives the first insight of presence of A. phagocytophilum in wild boars in southern Belgium. PMID:24694049

2014-01-01

169

El dramaturgo Eduardo Sarls  

E-print Network

el 28 de abril de 1938 en Budapest, lleg de su Hungra natal a Montevideo en 1948 junto a su madre y una ta, nicos sobrevivientes de una familia juda diezmada por el nazismo y sus campos de concentracin. La adaptacin y asimilacin del nio....) en su ms absurda consecuencia: la prohibicin y persecucin de los calvos. Entre ambos extremos oscila nuestro autor dando razn a Roland Barthes cuando afirma que "la creacin no es una reproduccin fiel del mundo, sino una creacin real de un...

Pignataro Calero, Jorge

1998-10-01

170

PREVENCI?N DEL VIH/SIDA EN LOS CIRCUITOS DE LEVANTE HSH: UNA ASIGNATURA PENDIENTE1  

PubMed Central

Resumen A partir de un relevamiento de tipo etnogrfico, se describen lugares de encuentro de HSH en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires y sus prcticas sexuales. El reconocimiento de tales espacios, as como las caractersticas que asumen en ellos los encuentros sexuales entre los HSH, plantean obstculos especficos en la adopcin de comportamientos preventivos y, asimismo, generan nuevos desafos para las actividades de prevencin. Se plantean las dificultades y debates conceptuales que la misma categora presenta, y sus consecuencias en el abordaje preventivo y terico-metodolgico para las ciencias sociales. Adems, se proponen nuevos interrogantes acerca de los alcances y las limitaciones del modelo preventivo del VIH/Sida para HSH. PMID:21874154

Barreda, Victoria; Carballo-Dieguez, Alex; Marone, Ruben; Balan, Ivan; Pando, Maria Angeles; Avila, Maria Mercedes

2011-01-01

171

Preparing for the Unexpected (Spanish)  

E-print Network

patas. 1#24; ? Haga que un veterinario inmediatamente despu?s del desastre haga una necropsia de todos los animales que murieron. ? Desh?gase inmediatamente de los animales muertos. Algunas plantas ofrecen procesar a algunos animales muertos... patas. 1#24; ? Haga que un veterinario inmediatamente despu?s del desastre haga una necropsia de todos los animales que murieron. ? Desh?gase inmediatamente de los animales muertos. Algunas plantas ofrecen procesar a algunos animales muertos...

Harris, Janie; Norman, Lisa; Smith, David; Lesikar, Bruce J.

2007-04-23

172

Geoprocesamiento y riesgos urbanos y ambientales Prof. Robert Laurini 1  

E-print Network

hidrometeorológicos · Ríos y arroyos · Cuerpos de agua: ( Presas, Lagunas, Lagos) · Hidroeléctricas (diques · Problemas de agua · Consecuencias en agricultura · Consecuencias en las casas · Consecuencias sobre en

Laurini, Robert

173

Do intensive drive hunts affect wild boar ( Sus scrofa ) spatial behaviour in Italy? Some evidences and management implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wild boar have been increasing in numbers all over Western Europe in the last 30years. The species is a major pest for agriculture,\\u000a but it has a high value as a game species, and in Italy, as in several other countries, it is traditionally hunted in drive\\u000a hunts by hunting teams with several dogs. This hunting method can have disruptive

Laura Scillitani; Andrea Monaco; Silvano Toso

2010-01-01

174

Feral hogs (Sus scrofa) are members of the same family as the domestic breeds, and in Texas include  

E-print Network

, but may also be found in open range and grassy areas. During hot weather they spend much of their time are generally larger than females). Color: Varies from solid black, brown, blond, white, or red to spotted

Watson, Craig A.

175

An In Vivo Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Based Averaged Brain Collection of the Neonatal Piglet (Sus scrofa)  

PubMed Central

Due to the fact that morphology and perinatal growth of the piglet brain is similar to humans, use of the piglet as a translational animal model for neurodevelopmental studies is increasing. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be a powerful tool to study neurodevelopment in piglets, but many of the MRI resources have been produced for adult humans. Here, we present an average in vivo MRI-based atlas specific for the 4-week-old piglet. In addition, we have developed probabilistic tissue classification maps. These tools can be used with brain mapping software packages (e.g. SPM and FSL) to aid in voxel-based morphometry and image analysis techniques. The atlas enables efficient study of neurodevelopment in a highly tractable translational animal with brain growth and development similar to humans. PMID:25254955

Conrad, Matthew S.; Sutton, Bradley P.; Dilger, Ryan N.; Johnson, Rodney W.

2014-01-01

176

There are few places on Earth that are not sus-ceptible to invasions by plants intentionally or  

E-print Network

into grasslands throughout the world, and now occupies many millions of hectares in the environments into which conditions and human or natural disturbances. A survey of available studies3 showed that most native species

Funk, Jennifer

177

Physiological Characterization of SusG, an Outer Membrane Protein Essential for Starch Utilization by Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results from previous studies had suggested that Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron utilizes starch by binding the polysaccharide to the bacterial surface and subsequently degrading the polymer by using cell-associated enzymes. Most of the starch-degrading activity was localized to the periplasm, but a portion appeared to be membrane associated. This raised the possibility that some breakdown might occur in the outer membrane prior

JOSEPH A. SHIPMAN; KYU HONG CHO; HILARY A. SIEGEL; ABIGAIL A. SALYERS

1999-01-01

178

La poltica brasilea para los residuos slidos urbanos. Los planteamientos de catadores y empresarios en sus pginas electrnicas  

Microsoft Academic Search

El gobierno brasileo seala la posibilidad de aprobar la poltica nacional para los residuos slidos urbanos (PNRS). La propuesta del Proyecto de Ley 1991\\/07 est en trmite en la cmara de los diputados desde el ao 1991. Los senadores mantuvieron una charla con los catadores, empresarios del reciclaje y empresarios de servicios de gestin de residuos slidos urbanos para conocer

Fbio Fonseca Figueiredo

2008-01-01

179

Highly conserved ENY2/Sus1 protein binds to Drosophila CTCF and is required for barrier activity.  

PubMed

Chromatin insulators affect interactions between promoters and enhancers/silencers and function as barriers for the spreading of repressive chromatin. Drosophila insulator protein dCTCF marks active promoters and boundaries of many histone H3K27 trimethylation domains associated with repressed chromatin. In particular, dCTCF binds to such boundaries between the parasegment-specific regulatory domains of the Bithorax complex. Here we demonstrate that the evolutionarily conserved protein ENY2 is recruited to the zinc-finger domain of dCTCF and is required for the barrier activity of dCTCF-dependent insulators in transgenic lines. Inactivation of ENY2 by RNAi in BG3 cells leads to the spreading of H3K27 trimethylation and Pc protein at several dCTCF boundaries. The results suggest that evolutionarily conserved ENY2 is responsible for barrier activity mediated by the dCTCF protein. PMID:25147918

Maksimenko, Oksana; Kyrchanova, Olga; Bonchuk, Artem; Stakhov, Viacheslav; Parshikov, Alexander; Georgiev, Pavel

2014-09-01

180

Acidosis, lactate, electrolytes, muscle enzymes, and other factors in the blood of Sus scrofa following repeated TASER exposures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Repeated exposure to electro-muscular incapacitating devices could result in repetitive, sustained muscle contraction, with little or no muscle recovery period. Therefore, rhabdomyolysis and other physiological responses, including acidosis, hyperkalaemia, and altered levels of muscle enzymes in the blood, would be likely to occur. Experiments were performed to investigate effects of repeated exposures of TASER International's Advanced TASER X26 on muscle

James R. Jauchem; Clifford J. Sherry; David A. Fines; Michael C. Cook

2006-01-01

181

Acidosis, lactate, electrolytes, muscle enzymes, and other factors in the blood of Sus scrofa following repeated TASER1 exposures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Repeated exposure to electro-muscular incapacitating devices could result in repetitive, sustained muscle contraction, with little or no muscle recovery period. Therefore, rhabdomyolysis and other physiological responses, including acidosis, hyperkalaemia, and altered levels of muscle enzymes in the blood, would be likely to occur. Experiments were performed to investigate effects of repeated exposures of TASER1 International's Advanced TASER1 X26 on muscle

James R. Jauchem; Clifford J. Sherry; David A. Fines; Michael C. Cook

2006-01-01

182

Morphological Changes and Immunohistochemical Expression of RAGE and its Ligands in the Sciatic Nerve of Hyperglycemic Pig (Sus Scrofa).  

PubMed

The aim of our project was to study the effect of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemia on sciatic nerve morphology, blood plasma markers and immunohistochemical expression of RAGE (the Receptor for Advanced Glycation End-products), and its ligands-S100B and Carboxymethyl Lysine (CML)-advanced glycation endproduct (AGE) in the laboratory pig. Six months after STZ-injections, blood plasma measurements, morphometric analysis of sciatic nerve fiber density, immunofluorescent distribution of potential molecular neuropathy contributors, ELISA measurement of plasma AGE level and HPLC analysis of sciatic nerve levels of one of the pre-AGE and the glycolysis intermediate products-methyl-glyoxal (MG) were performed. The results of our study revealed that STZ-injected animals displayed elevated levels of plasma glucose, gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) and triglycerides. The sciatic nerve of STZ-injected pigs revealed significantly lower numbers of small-diameter myelinated fibers, higher immunoreactivity for RAGE and S100B and increased levels of MG as compared to control animals. Our results correspond to clinical findings in human patients with hyperglycemia/diabetes-evoked peripheral neuropathy and suggest that the domestic pig may be a suitable large animal model for the study of mechanisms underlying hyperglycemia-induced neurological complications in the peripheral nerve and may serve as a relevant model for the pre-clinical assessment of candidate drugs in neuropathy. PMID:21852897

Juranek, Judyta K; Aleshin, Alexey; Rattigan, Eileen M; Johnson, Lynne; Qu, Wu; Song, Fei; Ananthakrishnan, Radha; Quadri, Nosirudeen; Yan, Shi Du; Ramasamy, Ravichandran; Schmidt, Ann Marie; Geddis, Matthew S

2010-09-01

183

Alaria alata mesocercariae in wild boar (Sus scrofa, Linnaeus, 1758) in south regions of the Czech Republic.  

PubMed

From March 2012 to February 2013, 221 wild boar carcasses obtained from regular hunts in the Czech Republic were tested for Alaria alata mesocercariae using the Alaria-migration-technique. Most samples originated from South Moravia (173), and all 15 positive samples were found in this region, in particular in Tvrdonice (3/10) and Lanhot (12/28), close to the site of the first description of this parasitic stage in wild boars in the territory of former ?SSR. These hunting grounds are located between the rivers March and Thaya, and rich in floodplains. Among the 38 carcasses tested in this area, higher carcass weights were associated with higher frequency of positive carcasses (P<0.05). Overall frequency of positive carcasses was 15/221 (6.8%). In positive samples (adipose and glandular tissue and muscle), the median number of mesocercariae was 14.3 per 100 g (range 3-69). PMID:23806746

Paulsen, P; Forejtek, P; Hutarova, Z; Vodnansky, M

2013-10-18

184

Ordenacion de la vegetacion de las torcas de la Serrania de Cuenca y sus relaciones con algunos factores del medio  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vegetation ordination of the torcas from Serrana de Cuenca and its relation to envi- ronmental factors. A study of the vegetation of the Cuenca range dolines has been canied out. The gradients that lead the spatial concatenation of different pattems of communities following the N-S axis has been descrtbed with the help of some ordination techniques. The main gradients are

Adrin Escuderol; Pedro Regato

1992-01-01

185

Identificacin de individuos de jaguares (Panthera onca) y pumas (Puma concolor) a partir de morfometra de sus huellas (Carnivora: Felidae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identification of individual jaguars (Panthera onca) and pumas (Puma concolor) based on footprint morphometry (Carnivora: Felidae). Estimating feline abundance becomes particularly difficult, sometimes impossible, due to their elusive behavior and extensive space requirements. Available techniques are expensive and\\/or poorly efficient, therefore alternative methods are needed. The objective of this study was to assess the possibility of identifying individual jaguars and

Emiliana Isasi-Catal; Guillermo R. Barreto

186

Expression, immunolocalization and processing of fertilins ADAM-1 and ADAM-2 in the boar (sus domesticus) spermatozoa during epididymal maturation  

PubMed Central

Fertilin alpha (ADAM-1) and beta (ADAM-2) are integral membrane proteins of the ADAM family that form a fertilin complex involved in key steps of the sperm-oocyte membrane interaction. In the present work, we analyzed the presence of ADAM-1 and ADAM-2 mRNAs, the spermatozoa proteins' processing and their sub-cellular localization in epididymal samples from adult boars. ADAM-1 and ADAM-2 mRNAs were highly produced in the testis, but also in the vas efferens and the epididymis. On immunoblots of sperm extracts, ADAM-1 subunit appeared as a main reactive band of ~50-55 kDa corresponding to occurrence of different isoforms throughout the epididymal duct, especially in the corpus region where isoforms ranged from acidic to basic pI. In contrast, ADAM-2 was detected as several bands of ~90 kDa, ~75 kDa, ~50-55 kDa and ~40 kDa. The intensity of high molecular mass bands decreased progressively in the distal corpus where lower bands were also transiently observed, and only the ~40 kDa was observed in the cauda. The presence of bands of different molecular weights likely results from a proteolytic processing occurring mainly in the testis for ADAM-1, and also throughout the caput epididymis for ADAM-2. Immunolocalization showed that fertilin migrates from the acrosomal region to the acrosomal ridge during the sperm transit from the distal corpus to the proximal cauda. This migration is accompanied by an important change in the extractability of a part of ADAM-1 from the sperm membrane. This suggests that the fertilin surface migration may be triggered by the biochemical changes induced by the epididymal post-translational processing of both ADAM1 and ADAM-2. Different patterns of fertilin immunolocalization then define several populations of spermatozoa in the cauda epididymis. Characterization of such fertilin complex maturation patterns is an important step to develop fertility markers based on epididymal maturation of surface membrane proteins in domestic mammals. PMID:21718510

2011-01-01

187

Effects of parasitic helminths and ivermectin treatment on clinical parameters in the European wild boar ( Sus scrofa )  

Microsoft Academic Search

Limited information exists on serum biochemistry and haematology of the European wild boar, and few correlations have been found between parasitic burden and clinical parameters in this species. Naturally infected wild boars were experimentally treated to study the effect of nematode parasites and ivermectin treatment on phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) skin reaction and haematological and serum biochemical parameters. White blood cells decreased

Jorge R. Lpez-Olvera; Ursula Hfle; Joaqun Vicente; Isabel G. Fernndez-de-Mera; Christian Gortzar

2006-01-01

188

La representacin social que orienta las decisiones paternas al afrontar el consumo de drogas de sus hijos  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To identify the social representation guiding decisions of parents of teenage drug users to face consumption of their children. Material and Methods. A qualitative study using free lists, characterization questionnaires, and in-depth interviews was performed among 60 systematically selected parents of young drug users who were receiving treatment in Centros de Integracin Juvenil. Data analysis included correlations and interpretive

Bertha Lidia Nuo-Gutirrez; Catalina Gonzlez-Forteza

2004-01-01

189

Admissions Page 7Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog result in denial of admission, cancellation of academic credit, sus-  

E-print Network

of Welcome! Thank you for your interest in Sonoma State University. You are probably attracted to SonomaAdmissions Page 7Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog result in denial of admission Code of Regulations). Undergraduate Application Procedures Prospective students applying for part

Ravikumar, B.

190

Seasonal variations in habitat selection and spatial distribution of wild boar (Sus Scrofa) in the Camargue, Southern France.  

PubMed

Seasonal habitat selection and use by wild boars were studied in relation to major vegetation cover types and flooded areas, on a sampling area of 1047 ha. Six habitat types were delineated: "sansouire" (local name), "enganes" (local name), halophytic grasslands, scrub grasslands, deep and shallow marshes, fallow or cultivated farmlands. Once a season in 1982, this sampling area was systematically examined and mapped for wild boar signs left in the following places : bedding places, farrowing nests, wallows, rubbing trees and rooting sites. Marshes are the most frequently used areas throughout the year since all activities can be conducted there. Scrub grasslands, although less common, are also important, because of scrubs of Phillyrea angustifolia used for resting and dense groves of Ulmus campestris used for rubbing. Rooting activity, predominantly done in marshes, is also conducted in all types of grasslands (even cultivated) during the winter, and in farmlands during the summer. In the sampling area, seasonal variations in the counts of activity signs as well as in the number of wild boar sightings suggest correlated variations of density. The estimated autumn to spring density is higher (2.5-2.9 animals/km2) than the summer one (0.6 animals/km2). These seasonal variations are explained by spatial adjustments according to environmental conditions. In the early warm season, drying out of marshes and soils in the study area leads to emigration of part of population onto neighbouring grounds where agricultural crops are available. Return movements are presumably causally related to different factors : onset of the rains, hunting disturbance and harvest of crops. Fluctuations of environmental factors require a flexible strategy of habitat utilization. We propose a model for the organization of wild boar populations, which would be formed by "nuclei" presenting environment-dependent densities. PMID:24925011

Dardaillon, M

1986-09-01

191

Responses of Single Taste Fibers and Whole Chorda Tympani and Glossopharyngeal Nerve in the Domestic Pig, Sus scrofa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whole nerve, as well as single fiber, responses in the chorda tympani proper (CT) and glossopharyngeal (NG) nerves of 1- to 7-week-old pigs were recorded during taste stimulation. In the CT acids and in the NG bitter compounds gave the largest responses. Both nerves exhibited large responses to monosodium glutamate (MSG), MSG with guanosine 5'-monophosphate (GMP) and MSG with inositine

Vicktoria Danilova; Thomas Roberts; Gran Hellekant

1999-01-01

192

Vascular Access Port Implantation and Serial Blood Sampling in a Gottingen Minipig (Sus scrofa domestica) Model of Acute Radiation Injury  

PubMed Central

Threats of nuclear and other radiologic exposures have been increasing, but no countermeasure for acute radiation syndrome has been approved by regulatory authorities. Because of their similarity to humans in regard to physiology and anatomy, we are characterizing Gottingen minipigs as a model to aid the development of radiation countermeasures. Irradiated minipigs exhibit immunosuppression, severe thrombocytopenia, vascular leakage, and acute inflammation. These complications render serial acquisition of blood samples problematic. Vascular access ports (VAP) facilitate serial sampling, but their use often is complicated by infections and fibrin deposition. We demonstrate here the successful use of VAP for multiple blood samplings in irradiated minipigs. Device design and limited postoperative prophylactic antimicrobial therapy before irradiation were key to obtaining serial sampling, reducing swelling, and eliminating infection and skin necrosis at the implantation site. Modifications of previous protocols included the use of polydioxanone sutures instead of silk; eliminating chronic port access; single-use, sterile, antireflux prefilled syringes for flushing; strict aseptic weekly maintenance of the device, and acclimating animals to reduce stress. VAP remained functional in 19 of 20 irradiated animals for as long as 3 mo. The remaining VAP failed due to a small leak in the catheter, leading to clot formation. VAP-related sepsis occurred in 2 minipigs. Blood sampling did not cause detectable stress in nonanesthetized sham-irradiated animals, according to leukograms and clinical signs. PMID:21333166

Moroni, Maria; Coolbaugh, Thea V; Mitchell, Jennifer M; Lombardini, Eric; Moccia, Krinon D; Shelton, Larry J; Nagy, Vitaly; Whitnall, Mark H

2011-01-01

193

Modulation of porcine (Sus scrofa domestica) and pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) carbonyl reducing enzymes by anthelmintic therapy with flubendazole.  

PubMed

Flubendazole (FLU) is a widely administered benzimidazole anthelmintic indicated for the control of parasitic diseases in farm animals including pigs and pheasants. This study was designed to test the biotransformation of FLU in control animals and animals treated with FLU in recommended therapeutic doses. The activities of several pheasant and porcine hepatic and intestinal carbonyl reducing enzymes and their modulation by FLU were also studied. Twelve adult pheasant hens, approximately 1 year old, were divided into two groups and treated for 7 days with placebo or 6 mg of FLU/kg of body weight. Eight male hog weaners, approximately 3 month old, were divided into two groups and treated for 5 days with placebo or 1.57 mg of FLU/kg of body weight. Subcellular fractions, prepared from livers and small intestines of control and FLU treated animals, were incubated with FLU. In vitro formation of two main FLU metabolites, reduced FLU, and hydrolyzed FLU were analyzed using HPLC. While FLU was reduced significantly more intensively in FLU-treated pheasants than in control animals, no differences were observed in pigs. These results were confirmed by measuring the enzyme activities: carbonyl reducing enzyme activities were increased in pheasants treated by FLU, whereas FLU did not affect these enzymes in pigs. PMID:19356067

Szotkov, Barbora; Nobilis, Milan; Lamka, Jir; Krzov, Veronika; Savlk, Michal; Sklov, Lenka

2008-01-01

194

Untangling the hybrid nature of modern pig genomes: a mosaic derived from biogeographically distinct and highly divergent Sus scrofa populations.  

PubMed

The merging of populations after an extended period of isolation and divergence is a common phenomenon, in natural settings as well as due to human interference. Individuals with such hybrid origins contain genomes that essentially form a mosaic of different histories and demographies. Pigs are an excellent model species to study hybridization because European and Asian wild boars diverged ~1.2 Mya, and pigs were domesticated independently in Europe and Asia. During the Industrial Revolution in England, pigs were imported from China to improve the local pigs. This study utilizes the latest genomics tools to identify the origin of haplotypes in European domesticated pigs that are descendant from Asian and European populations. Our results reveal fine-scale haplotype structure representing different ancient demographic events, as well as a mosaic composition of those distinct histories due to recently introgressed haplotypes in the pig genome. As a consequence, nucleotide diversity in the genome of European domesticated pigs is higher when at least one haplotype of Asian origin is present, and haplotype length correlates negatively with recombination frequency and nucleotide diversity. Another consequence is that the inference of past effective population size is influenced by the background of the haplotypes in an individual, but we demonstrate that by careful sorting based on the origin of haplotypes, both distinct demographic histories can be reconstructed. Future detailed mapping of the genomic distribution of variation will enable a targeted approach to increase genetic diversity of captive and wild populations, thus facilitating conservation efforts in the near future. PMID:24863459

Bosse, Mirte; Megens, Hendrik-Jan; Madsen, Ole; Frantz, Laurent A F; Paudel, Yogesh; Crooijmans, Richard P M A; Groenen, Martien A M

2014-08-01

195

Molecular and structural assessment of alveolar bone during tooth eruption and function in the miniature pig, Sus scrofa  

PubMed Central

Summary The development of alveolar bone adjacent to the tooth root during tooth eruption is not well understood. This study tested the hypothesis that predominantly woven bone forms adjacent to tooth roots during tooth eruption, but that this immature structure transitions to lamellar bone when the tooth comes into function. Additionally, bone resorption was predicted to play a key role in transitioning immature bone to more mature, load-bearing tissue. Miniature pigs were compared at two occlusal stages, 13 weeks (n=3), corresponding with the mucosal penetration stage of M1 tooth eruption, and 23 weeks (n=3), corresponding with early occlusion of M1/M1. Bone samples for RNA extraction and qRT-PCR analysis were harvested from the diastema and adjacent to M1 roots on one side. Following euthanasia, bone samples for hematoxylin and eosin and TRAP staining were harvested from these regions on the other side. In contrast to expectations, both erupting and functioning molars had reticular fibrolamellar structure in alveolar bone adjacent to M1. However, the woven bone matrix in older pigs was thicker and had denser primary osteons. Gene expression data and osteoclast cell counts showed a tendency for more bone resorptive activity near the molars than at distant sites, but no differences between eruptive stages. Thus, although resorption does occur, it is not a primary mechanism in the transition in alveolar bone from eruption to function. Incremental growth of existing woven bone and filling in of primary osteons within the mineralized scaffold generated the fortification necessary to support an erupted and functioning tooth. PMID:21434979

Yeh, Kuang-Dah; Popowics, Tracy

2011-01-01

196

El Universo a Sus Pies: Actividades y Recursos para Astronomia (Universe at Your Fingertips: An Astronomy Activity and Resource Notebook).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this resource notebook is to provide activities selected by astronomers and classroom teachers, comprehensive resource lists and bibliographies, background material on astronomical topics, and teaching ideas from experienced astronomy educators. Activities are grouped into several major areas of study in astronomy including lunar

Fraknoi, Andrew, Ed.; Schatz, Dennis, Ed.

197

Host predilection and transmissibility of vesicular stomatitis New Jersey virus strains in domestic cattle (Bos taurus) and swine (Sus scrofa)  

PubMed Central

Background Epidemiologic data collected during epidemics in the western United States combined with limited experimental studies involving swine and cattle suggest that host predilection of epidemic vesicular stomatitis New Jersey virus (VSNJV) strains results in variations in clinical response, extent and duration of virus shedding and transmissibility following infection in different hosts. Laboratory challenge of livestock with heterologous VSNJV strains to investigate potential viral predilections for these hosts has not been thoroughly investigated. In separate trials, homologous VSNJV strains (NJ82COB and NJ82AZB), and heterologous strains (NJ06WYE and NJOSF [Ossabaw Island, sand fly]) were inoculated into cattle via infected black fly bite. NJ82AZB and NJ06WYE were similarly inoculated into swine. Results Clinical scores among viruses infecting cattle were significantly different and indicated that infection with a homologous virus resulted in more severe clinical presentation and greater extent and duration of viral shedding. No differences in clinical severity or extent and duration of viral shedding were detected in swine. Conclusions Differences in clinical presentation and extent and duration of viral shedding may have direct impacts on viral spread during epidemics. Viral transmission via animal-to-animal contact and insect vectored transmission are likely to occur at higher rates when affected animals are presenting severe clinical signs and shedding high concentrations of virus. More virulent viral strains resulting in more severe disease in livestock hosts are expected to spread more rapidly and greater distances during epidemics than those causing mild or inapparent signs. PMID:23034141

2012-01-01

198

Atrial natriuretic peptide and vasopressin-presence in the ciliary body of eye in the pig (sus domesticus).  

PubMed

The aqueous humor is produced in the ciliary body, therefore in this study we investigated the Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and vasopressin (VP)-presence in the ciliary body of the pig eye since these peptide are involved in the homeostasis of body fluids. The results show ANP-presence in the epithelial cells and in the endothelial cells of the blood vessels and VP-presence in the epithelial cells, in the endothelium of canal of Schelmm and in the muscle cells of the blood vessels. These peptides might regulate the synthesis and the composition of the aqueous humor and regulate the hydrodynamic flow and haemodynamic flow of the blood. PMID:25001668

Valentino, B; Valentino, A; Lipari, L; Lipari, A; Farina, E

2014-01-01

199

An In Vivo Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Based Averaged Brain Collection of the Neonatal Piglet (Sus scrofa).  

PubMed

Due to the fact that morphology and perinatal growth of the piglet brain is similar to humans, use of the piglet as a translational animal model for neurodevelopmental studies is increasing. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be a powerful tool to study neurodevelopment in piglets, but many of the MRI resources have been produced for adult humans. Here, we present an average in vivo MRI-based atlas specific for the 4-week-old piglet. In addition, we have developed probabilistic tissue classification maps. These tools can be used with brain mapping software packages (e.g. SPM and FSL) to aid in voxel-based morphometry and image analysis techniques. The atlas enables efficient study of neurodevelopment in a highly tractable translational animal with brain growth and development similar to humans. PMID:25254955

Conrad, Matthew S; Sutton, Bradley P; Dilger, Ryan N; Johnson, Rodney W

2014-01-01

200

Untersuchungen zum Vorkommen der Zoonoseerreger Echinococcus multilocularis und Trichinella spp. beim Schwarzwild (Sus scrofa scrofa) im Wartburgkreis.  

E-print Network

??Im Zeitraum vom 01.04.2004 bis zum 07.12.2004 wurden insgesamt 124 Stck Schwarzwild untersucht. Das Geschlechterverhltnis war ziemlich ausgeglichen (53,50 % weibliche, 46,50 % mnnli-che Tiere). (more)

Remde, Immo

2008-01-01

201

Consentimiento informado: una praxis dialogica para la investigacion  

PubMed Central

El consentimiento informado es un proceso, en el que una persona acepta participar en una investigation, conociendo los riesgos, beneficios, consecuencias o problemas que se puedan presenter durante el desarrollo de la misma. El objetivo de este trabajo es reunir las caracteristicas del proceso de consentimiento informado (PCI) pare que su discernimiento y cumplimiento posibilite el ejercicio etc dialogico, reflexivo y responsable del investigador. Se presentan los resultados de una extensa revision de les elementos del PCI, desde sus cornponentes hasta su fundamento etico y legal, incluyendo los mites y realidades que existen sobre el formato de consentimiento informado come recurso legal de protection. El consentimiento informado no es un formato establecido que los investigadores repliquen, se trata de que la praxis del PCI sea una tarea cotidiana dentro de la investigation con seres humanos, como comunicaciOn deliberative y critica, responsable y comprometida entre dos agentes morales, investigador-investigado. PMID:19507477

Mondragon-Barrios, Liliana

2009-01-01

202

Helping Children Cope with Disaster (Spanish)  

E-print Network

ER-008S 7-08 R.L. Peterson, Especialista en Desarrollo Familiar y Administraci?n de Recursos de Extensi?n Sistema Universitario Texas A&M Los ni?os que resultan directamente afectados por un desastre pueden sufrir traumas psicol?gicos. Usted... puede ayudarlos a recuperarse de manera m?s r?pida e integral reconociendo los s?ntomas del trauma psicol?gico y tomando medidas que les alivie el estr?s. Los investigadores han demostrado que cuanto m?s expuesto a los efectos de un desastre se...

FCS Project Team - FDRM UNIT

2007-10-08

203

Stress in Adults after a Disaster: Warning Signs and Management (Spanish)  

E-print Network

, amigos y compa?eros de trabajo. Tambi?n pueden experimentarse sentimientos de culpa, especialmente cuando una persona ha perdido a un ser querido en el desastre. Algunas personas podr?an desear haber estado en el lugar del ser amado o haber estado con..., amigos y compa?eros de trabajo. Tambi?n pueden experimentarse sentimientos de culpa, especialmente cuando una persona ha perdido a un ser querido en el desastre. Algunas personas podr?an desear haber estado en el lugar del ser amado o haber estado con...

Warren, Judith L.

2007-10-08

204

Estudiantes con discapacidades preparandose para la educacion postsecundaria: Conozca sus derechos y responsabilidades (Students with Disabilities Preparing for Postsecondary Education: Know Your Rights and Responsibilities).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet, in Spanish, intended for postsecondary students with disabilities, explains the rights and responsibilities of these students and the obligations of a postsecondary school to provide academic adjustments. The federal legislation on which the information is based is described. Information for students is presented in question and

Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

205

Keep It Safe. FDIC Money Smart Financial Education Curriculum = Conozca sus Derechos. FDIC Money Smart Plan de Educacion para Capacitacion en Finanzas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module on one's rights as a consumer is one of ten in the Money Smart curriculum, and includes an instructor guide and a take-home guide. It was developed to help adults outside the financial mainstream enhance their money skills and create positive banking relationships. It is designed to enable participants to become familiar with their

Federal Deposit Insurance Corp., Washington, DC.

206

You Can Help Your Child with Reading and Writing! Ten Fun and Easy Tips = Puede ayudar a sus hijos a leer y escribir! Diez sugerencias faciles y divertidas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adapted from "101 Ideas to Help Your Child Learn to Read and Write," this booklet presents 10 tips for parents to help their children learn and have a good time in the process. The booklet begins with a letter to parents which discusses five basic principles to remember as they help their children. Tips in the booklet include: read aloud to

Behm, Mary; Behm, Richard

207

REVISIN DE LA EXPERIENCIA OBTENIDA EN LA EVALUACIN DE VIBRACIONES Y SUS EFECTOS SOBRE LA INTEGRIDAD ESTRUCTURAL DE INTERCAMBIADORES DE CALOR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Los mazos de tubos que forman parte de los equipos intercambiadores de calor, condensadores y generadores de vapor del tipo tubo-carcaza pueden presentar fallas originadas en excesivas vibraciones inducidas por la circulacin de fludo. Estas vibraciones pueden originarse en cambios en las condiciones de ope racin del equipo o en una deficiente evaluacin de las mismas realizada durante el diseo.

A. Martn Ghiselli; A. Pastorini; R. Kulichevsky

208

DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide) induced delay of blowfly landing and oviposition rates on treated pig carrion (Sus scrofa L.).  

PubMed

The question of whether the insect repellent N,N-Diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET) affected fly attraction, oviposition, and larval development was investigated; in part, to determine whether the common habit of wearing DEET as a repellent could affect the rate of human decomposition. Experiments using pig surrogates of human decedents were carried out in a rural environment. Dead piglets were sprayed with DEET, and fly behavior, colonization levels, and maggot development were compared with those in nonsprayed controls. Piglets treated with DEET experienced significant delays in fly visitation and oviposition and delayed appearance of each larval instar, as well as reduced total larval numbers (p < 0.01 for all variables), with subsequently reduced decomposition (p < 0.05). Such changes in fly behavior and larval population development would significantly impact the estimation of the period following the death from entomological evidence in decedents wearing DEET at the time of their death. PMID:22515377

Shelomi, Matan; Matern, Leia M; Dinstell, Jenna M; Harris, Daren W; Kimsey, Robert B

2012-11-01

209

Annual Report 2009 of the project New Type Nuclear Reactors (NETNUC) in Academy of Finland's Research Programme Sustainable Energy (SusEn) 2008-2011  

Microsoft Academic Search

Access to sustainable, sufficient and economically viable energy sources, mitigation of climate change, and avoiding harmful environmental and health impacts are vital to growing world population. The new generation fission reactors can offer a remarkable contribution to this end by extending the availability of nuclear fuel resources to thousands of years. Nuclear energy causes negligible greenhouse gas and fine particulate

Marja-Leena Jrvinen; Keijo Valtonen; Juha yst; Jorma Aurela; Riitta Kyrki-Rajamki; Heikki Suikkanen; Ville Rintala; Anne Jordan; Vesa Tanskanen; Mika Pikkarainen; Timo Merisaari; Rainer Salomaa; Pertti Aarnio; Jarmo Ala-Heikkil; Davit Danielyan; Tuomas Viitanen; Zivile Giedraityte; Aarno Isotalo; Lauri Rintala; Risto Vanhanen; Heidi Heikkinen; Timo Vanttola; Pauli Juutilainen; Maria Pusa; Antti Daavittila; Petteri Kangas; Iiro Auterinen

2009-01-01

210

Hable con sus hijos: Antes de que lo hagan todos los demas (Talk with Your Kids...before Everyone Else Does: Talking with Kids about Tough Issues).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents are challenged daily with a wide range of disturbing issues that are difficult for children to understand and for adults to explain. This Spanish-language booklet offers practical, concrete tips and techniques for talking easily and openly with 8- to 12-year-olds about sex, HIV/AIDS, violence, drugs, and alcohol. The book is divided into

Children Now, Oakland, CA.

211

Measurement methods for surface oxides on SUS 316L in simulated light water reactor coolant environments using synchrotron XRD and XRF  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray fluorescent (XRF) measurement techniques have been used for non-destructive characterization of surface oxide films on Type 316L austenitic stainless steels that were exposed to simulated primary water environments of pressurized water reactors (PWR) and boiling water reactors (BWR). The layer structures of the surface spinel oxides were revealed ex situ after oxidation by measurements made as a function of depth. The layer structure of spinel oxides formed in simulated PWR primary water should normally be different from that formed in simulated BWR water. After oxidation in the simulated BWR environment, the spinel oxide was observed to contain NiFe2O4 at shallow depths, and FeCr2O4 and Fe3O4 at deeper depths. By contrast, after oxidation in the simulated PWR primary water environment, a Fe3O4 type spinel was observed near the surface and FeCr2O4 type spinel near the interface with the metal substrate. Furthermore, by in situ measurements during oxidation in the simulated BWR environment, it was also demonstrated that the ratio between spinel and hematite Fe2O3 can be changed depending on the water condition such as BWR normal water chemistry or BWR hydrogen water chemistry.

Watanabe, Masashi; Yonezawa, Toshio; Shobu, Takahisa; Shoji, Tetsuo

2013-03-01

212

101 ideas para ayudar a sus hijos a aprender a leer y escribir (101 Ideas To Help Your Child Learn To Read and Write).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the idea that parents are the first and most important teachers of their children's literacy, this booklet offers 101 practical and fun-to-do activities that children and parents can do together. The activities in the booklet are organized to fit the way parents tend to think about their time with their children: in the nursery; at

Behm, Mary; Behm, Richard

213

Caso Chernobyl: sus repercusiones en el sistema Internacional sobre responsabilidad civil por danos nucleares. (Chernobyl case: its repercussions on the International System on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damages).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

With the discovery of the Nuclear Energy the world has been development her life the present investigation is based in the accident of the one of the most important Nuclear Power Plant in the world, situated in the Union of Socialist Sovietic Republics. T...

J. L. Gonzalez Guadarrama

1992-01-01

214

Isolation of Campylobacter from feral swine (Sus scrofa) on the ranch associated with the 2006 Escherichia coli O157:H7 spinach outbreak investigation in California.  

PubMed

We report the isolation of Campylobacter species from the same population of feral swine that was investigated in San Benito County, California, during the 2006 spinach-related Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak. This is the first survey of Campylobacter in a free-ranging feral swine population in the United States. Campylobacter species were cultured from buccal and rectal-anal swabs, colonic faeces and tonsils using a combination of selective enrichment and antibiotic-free membrane filtration methods. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS, Bruker Daltonics, Inc., Billerica, MA, USA) was used to identify species followed by confirmatory multiplex PCR or 16S rRNA sequencing. Genetic relatedness of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli strains was determined by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and porA allele sequencing. Altogether, 12 (40%) of 30 feral swine gastrointestinal and oral cavity specimens were positive, and six species were isolated: Campylobacter coli, Campylobacter fetus, Campylobacter hyointestinalsis, Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter lanienae and Campylobacter sputorum. Campylobacter jejuni subtypes were closely related to MLST sequence type 21 (ST-21) and had identical porA sequences. Campylobacter coli subtypes were unrelated to isolates in the pubMLST/porA database. This feral swine population lived in close association with a 'grassfed' beef cattle herd adjacent to spinach and other leafy green row crop fields. The findings underscore the importance of protecting raw vegetable crops from faecal contamination by wild or feral animals. The study also illustrates a potential risk of Campylobacter exposure for hunters during handling and processing of wild swine meat. PMID:22405465

Jay-Russell, M T; Bates, A; Harden, L; Miller, W G; Mandrell, R E

2012-08-01

215

Interpopulation and intrapopulation maternal lineage genetics of the Lanyu pig (Sus scrofa) by analysis of mitochondrial cytochrome b and control region sequences.  

PubMed

The Lanyu pig is an indigenous breed from the Lanyu Islet, which is southeast of Taiwan. Two herds of Lanyu pigs were introduced from the Lanyu Islet into Taiwan in 1975 and 1980. The current population of conserved Lanyu pigs consists of only 44 animals with unknown genetic lineage. The Lanyu pig possesses a distinct maternal genetic lineage remote from Asian and European pigs. The present study aimed to understand the phylogenetic relationship among conserved Lanyu, Asian, and European type pigs based on the cytochrome b coding gene, to ascertain the maternal lineage and genetic diversity within the conserved Lanyu pigs, and to address whether genetic introgression from exotic or Formosan wild pigs had occurred in the conserved Lanyu pigs. Entire mitochondrial genomes of both types of Lanyu pig comprised 2 ribosomal RNA, 22 transfer RNA, and 13 protein-coding genes. Only 2 haplotypes of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region and cytochrome b were identified in the conserved Lanyu pig herds. When maximum likelihood trees were constructed, the Type I Lanyu mitochondrial genes formed a unique clade with a large pairwise distance of both cytochrome b and the control region from Asian and European type breeds, Formosan wild pigs, and exotic breeds. Significant loss of genetic diversity of mtDNA within the conserved Lanyu pigs was demonstrated by low haplotype and nucleotide diversities, supported by Fu and Li's D* neutrality test (1.44055; P < 0.05). The mtDNA control region sequences of extant pigs in the Lanyu Islet, however, showed high haplotype and nucleotide diversity, and clustered with exotic pigs. These results indicate no maternal lineage mtD-NA gene introgression from Formosan wild pigs and introduced exotic pigs to conserved Type I Lanyu pigs, and a severe loss of heterozygosity of mtDNA in conserved Lanyu pigs. The remaining extant pigs on the Lanyu Islet have been introgressed with exotic breeds. Strategies for future conservation of native Lanyu pigs are now even more urgent and important. PMID:18344290

Jiang, Y N; Wu, C Y; Huang, C Y; Chu, H P; Ke, M W; Kung, M S; Li, K Y; Wang, C H; Li, S H; Wang, Y; Ju, Y T

2008-10-01

216

Effect of Cattle on Salmonella Carriage, Diversity and Antimicrobial Resistance in Free-Ranging Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) in Northeastern Spain  

PubMed Central

Salmonella is distributed worldwide and is a pathogen of economic and public health importance. As a multi-host pathogen with a long environmental persistence, it is a suitable model for the study of wildlife-livestock interactions. In this work, we aim to explore the spill-over of Salmonella between free-ranging wild boar and livestock in a protected natural area in NE Spain and the presence of antimicrobial resistance. Salmonella prevalence, serotypes and diversity were compared between wild boars, sympatric cattle and wild boars from cattle-free areas. The effect of age, sex, cattle presence and cattle herd size on Salmonella probability of infection in wild boars was explored by means of Generalized Linear Models and a model selection based on the Akaikes Information Criterion. Prevalence was higher in wild boars co-habiting with cattle (35.67%, CI 95% 28.1943.70) than in wild boar from cattle-free areas (17.54%, CI 95% 8.7429.91). Probability of a wild boar being a Salmonella carrier increased with cattle herd size but decreased with the host age. Serotypes Meleagridis, Anatum and Othmarschen were isolated concurrently from cattle and sympatric wild boars. Apart from serotypes shared with cattle, wild boars appear to have their own serotypes, which are also found in wild boars from cattle-free areas (Enteritidis, Mikawasima, 4:b:- and 35:r:z35). Serotype richness (diversity) was higher in wild boars co-habiting with cattle, but evenness was not altered by the introduction of serotypes from cattle. The finding of a S. Mbandaka strain resistant to sulfamethoxazole, streptomycin and chloramphenicol and a S. Enteritidis strain resistant to ciprofloxacin and nalidixic acid in wild boars is cause for public health concern. PMID:23284725

Navarro-Gonzalez, Nora; Mentaberre, Gregorio; Porrero, Concepcion M.; Serrano, Emmanuel; Mateos, Ana; Lopez-Martin, Jose M.; Lavin, Santiago; Dominguez, Lucas

2012-01-01

217

Gestin turstica activa y desarrollo econmico en los parques naturales andaluces. Una propuesta de revisin desde el anlisis del posicionamiento de sus actuales gestores  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN Los cambios producidos en la demanda turstica y la necesidad de los propios territorios de diversificar su estructura productiva, mejorando las oportunidades para la generacin de empleo y de riqueza para la poblacin rural, han convertido al turismo de naturaleza en un instrumento de primera magnitud para el desarrollo socioeconmico de la mayor parte de los parques naturales andaluces.

Juan Ignacio Pulido Fernndez

2008-01-01

218

Effect of post-mortem changes on peripheral and central whole blood and tissue clozapine and norclozapine concentrations in the domestic pig ( Sus scrofa)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interpretation of the results of psychoactive or other drug measurements in post-mortem blood specimens may not be straightforward, in part because analyte concentrations in blood may change after death. There is also the issue of comparability of plasma (or serum) results to those obtained in whole blood. To investigate these problems with respect to clozapine, this drug (10mg\\/kg daily) was

R. J Flanagan; A Amin; W Seinen

2003-01-01

219

La Convencin sobre el Comercio Internacional de Especies Amenazadas de Fauna y Flora Silvestres (CITES, por sus siglas en ingls) es un acuerdo internacional firmado por  

E-print Network

garantizar que el comercio internacional de animales y plantas no amenace su supervivencia en la naturaleza. Los animales o plantas enu- merados en CITES que son tomados de alta mar --definido como "el entorno

220

La Convencin sobre el Comercio Internacional de Especies Amenazadas de Fauna y Flora Silvestres (CITES, por sus siglas en ingls) es un acuerdo internacional firmado  

E-print Network

garantizar que el comercio internacional de animales y plantas silvestres no amenaza su supervivencia en la naturaleza. Los animales o plantas enumerados en CITES que son tomados de alta mar ­ definida como «el

221

Seguimos descuidando a los padres? El papel del padre en la dinmica familiar y su influencia en el bienestar psquico de sus componentes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Title: Are we still neglecting fathers? the role of the father in family dy- namics and its impact on family member's psychological well-being. Abstract: A review of the research carried out on fatherhood in the last 30 years is described in this article. From the first descriptive-comparative studies on how fathers and mothers behave toward their children, the field has

Sagrario Yrnoz Yaben

2006-01-01

222

RAZA, COLOR, RELIGIN, SEXO, PROCEDENCIA El Ttulo VII de la Ley de Derechos Civiles (Civil Rights Act) de 1964, con sus modificaciones,  

E-print Network

RAZA, COLOR, RELIGI?N, SEXO, PROCEDENCIA El Título VII de la Ley de Derechos Civiles (Civil Rights función de raza, color, religión, sexo (incluidas las embarazadas) o procedencia. La discriminación capacitación laboral, la clasificación, las referencias y los demás aspectos del empleo. SEXO (SALARIOS) Además

223

Non-invasive measurement of blood pressures in the Yucatan micropig (Sus scrofa domestica), with and without midazolam-induced sedation.  

PubMed

Current literature suggests that the effects of midazolam, a water-soluble benzodiazepine, on blood pressure in swine are minimal. The hypothesis of the study reported here was that a light sedative dose would induce a decrease in blood pressure in this species. Healthy female Yucatan Micropigs (n = 20), 16 to 30 (mean, 22) kg, aged four six months, were individually placed in a humane restraint sling and allowed to acclimate. Systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP), and mean (MBP) blood pressures (mmHg) and heart rate (HR; beats per min [bpm]) were measured by use of oscillometry. The pressure cuff was placed at the base of the tail, and five sets of values were recorded at five-min intervals, beginning at 10 and ending 30 min after cuff placement. Following a three- to four-day rest period, this procedure was repeated with the addition of a dose of 0.5 mg of midazolam HCl/kg of body weight given intramuscularly at the time of cuff placement. A paired one-way Student's t-test was used to compare the means of the five measures between control and midazolam treatment. Mean (+/- SD) differences for SBP, DBP, MBP, and HR were 18.9 (+/- 3.97), 17.8 (+/- 5.27), and 18.6 (+/- 5.09) mmHg and 20.7 (+/- 3.73) bpm, respectively. All four parameters were significantly reduced in the midazolam-sedated group (P < 0.001). The maximal decrease in SBP, DBP, and MBP occurred at 15 and 20 min after dosing. Mean values based on the means of the five measures were 128 (+/- 12.6), 80 (+/- 9.4), and 99 (+/- 9.2) mmHg and 135 (+/- 17.4) bpm, and 109 (+/- 15.4), 63 (+/- 12.6), and 80 (+/- 13.6) mmHg and 115 (+/- 15.5) bpm for SBP, DBP, MBP, and HR in the control (n = 20) and midazolam (n = 20) groups, respectively. The control values can serve as normal oscillometric values for this age, sex, and breed of Micropig. We conclude that midazolam, given intramuscularly at a sedative dosage, negatively affects cardiovascular parameters measured by use of a blood pressure cuff, in sexually mature female Micropigs, compared with values in untreated pigs, which is similar to reports for humans. PMID:11926295

Goodrich, J A; Lackland, D T; Del Signore, M J; Swindle, M M

2001-02-01

224

Los grupos econmicos en Mxico a partir de una tipologa de arquitectura y gobierno corporativos. Una revisin de sus explicaciones tericas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a typology of corporate architecture and corporate governance in order to analyze the Mexican Business Groups. The typology helps under-stand: 1) the evolution of Mexican business networks towards a centralized coordination of the firms, and 2) how changes in some features of corporate governance have tended to preserve a state of few counterweights to the decisions of

Rubn Chavarn Rodrguez

2011-01-01

225

Effects of a Diet High in Salt, Fat, and Sugar on Telemetric Blood Pressure Measurements in Conscious, Unrestrained Adult Yucatan Miniature Swine (Sus scrofa)  

PubMed Central

Radiotelemetry was used to evaluate diet-related elevation of blood pressure in adult Yucatan miniature swine. Systolic arterial blood pressure (SAP), diastolic atrial blood pressure (DAP), heart rate, and locomotor activity were assessed in 9- or 11-mo-old Yucatan miniature pigs fed a standard diet or a North American-type diet high in salt, fat, and sugar (HSFS). Compared with pigs fed standard diet, pigs fed HSFS diet showed markedly elevated SAP (132 3 compared with 156 6 mm Hg), whereas DAP was unchanged (92 2 compared with 99 5 mm Hg). In addition, all pigs were modestly sensitive to short-term changes in dietary salt, as indicated by a 6% to 7% response in blood pressure parameters. According to these data, the increase in SAP for pigs on the HSFS diet was too large to be explained by the NaCl content of the diet alone. We found no evidence of endothelial dysfunction, and the relaxation responses of isolated coronary arteries actually were enhanced in the HSFS group. In conclusion, in a Yucatan miniature pigs model chronically fed a HSFS diet, DAP did not increase, but SAP and pulse pressure appeared to be affected by high dietary levels of fat or sugar (or both). PMID:23043781

Myrie, Semone B; McKnight, Leslie L; King, J Christopher; McGuire, John J; Vliet, Bruce N Van; Bertolo, Robert F

2012-01-01

226

The Prey Pathway: A Regional History of Cattle (Bos taurus) and Pig (Sus scrofa) Domestication in the Northern Jordan Valley, Israel  

PubMed Central

The faunal assemblage from the 9th-8th millennium BP site at Sha'ar Hagolan, Israel, is used to study human interaction with wild suids and cattle in a time period just before the appearance of domesticated animals of these species in the Jordan Valley. Our results, based on demographic and osteometric data, indicate that full domestication of both cattle and suids occurred at the site during the 8th millennium. Importantly, domestication was preceded in both taxa by demographic and metric population parameters indicating severe overhunting. The possible role of overhunting in shaping the characteristics of domesticated animals and the social infrastructure to ownership of herds is then explored. PMID:23405240

Marom, Nimrod; Bar-Oz, Guy

2013-01-01

227

No es pues de extraar que el tratado siga generando controver-sia. Mientras sus defensores dan crdito al tratado por estimular  

E-print Network

vida de la mayoría de las personas. En Estados Unidos se culpa al tratado por la pérdida de empleos para desplegar políticas adecuadas para el bienestar social. En México, se culpa al TLCAN por crear

Tufts University

228

Biomecnica, 10 (2), 2002, pp. 38-43 COMUNICACIONES SYMPOSIUM SIB 2002 El desarrollo del paquete BiomSoft y sus aplicaciones  

E-print Network

applications in sports, medical and occupational Biomechanics, as well as in teaching and learning. Key Words Biomechanics data system with the possibility of to incorporate new functions and to perform particular: biomechanics, human locomotion, signal processing, software. Correspondencia: Konstantinos Gianikellis

Pantrigo Fernández, Juan José

229

CARACTERIZACIN NUTRITIVA DEL FOLLAJE DE SEIS ESPECIES FORRAJERAS CON NFASIS EN SUS PERFILES POLIFENLICOS. Nutritional Characterization of Six Fodder Species Foliage With Emphasis in Their Polyphenolic Profiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

An experiment was carried out in order to evaluated the DM ru- minal degradability parameters (a, b, a+b and c), 48 hours deg- radation of DM, CP and NDF and CP intestinal digestibility in matures sheep of Enterolobium contortisilicum, Lysiloma latis- iliquum, Moringa oleifera, Morus alba, Schizolobium excelsum and Trichantera gigantea at Trujillo State, Venezuela. All for- ages showed substantial

Danny Eugenio Garca; Mara Gabriela Medina; Tyrone Clavero; Luis Jos Cova; Carlos Domnguez; Alfredo Baldizn; Rafael Rangel

2008-01-01

230

First report of a Trichinella papuae infection in a wild pig ( Sus scrofa) from an Australian island in the Torres Strait region  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiple Trichinella species are reported from the Australasian region although mainland Australia has never confirmed an indigenous case of Trichinella infection in humans or animals. Wildlife surveys in high-risk regions are essential to truly determine the presence or absence of Trichinella, but in mainland Australia are largely lacking. In this study, a survey was conducted in wild pigs from mainland

L. Cuttell; B. Cookson; L. A. Jackson; C. Gray; R. J. Traub

231

Stage-specific differential gene expression profiling and functional network analysis during morphogenesis of diphyodont dentition in miniature pigs, Sus Scrofa  

PubMed Central

Background Our current knowledge of tooth development derives mainly from studies in mice, which have only one set of non-replaced teeth, compared with the diphyodont dentition in humans. The miniature pig is also diphyodont, making it a valuable alternative model for understanding human tooth development and replacement. However, little is known about gene expression and function during swine odontogenesis. The goal of this study is to undertake the survey of differential gene expression profiling and functional network analysis during morphogenesis of diphyodont dentition in miniature pigs. The identification of genes related to diphyodont development should lead to a better understanding of morphogenetic patterns and the mechanisms of diphyodont replacement in large animal models and humans. Results The temporal gene expression profiles during early diphyodont development in miniature pigs were detected with the Affymetrix Porcine GeneChip. The gene expression data were further evaluated by ANOVA as well as pathway and STC analyses. A total of 2,053 genes were detected with differential expression. Several signal pathways and 151 genes were then identified through the construction of pathway and signal networks. Conclusions The gene expression profiles indicated that spatio-temporal down-regulation patterns of gene expression were predominant; while, both dynamic activation and inhibition of pathways occurred during the morphogenesis of diphyodont dentition. Our study offers a mechanistic framework for understanding dynamic gene regulation of early diphyodont development and provides a molecular basis for studying teeth development, replacement, and regeneration in miniature pigs. PMID:24498892

2014-01-01

232

[Conceptions and typology of conflicts between workers and managers in the context of primary healthcare in the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS)].  

PubMed

This study aimed to analyze perceptions of conflict between workers and managers in primary healthcare units and to present a typology of conflicts on the job. This was a comprehensive interpretive case study with a critical hermeneutic approach. Data collection techniques included: focus group with managers, workplace observation, and worker interviews, conducted from April to November 2011. The results were triangulated and indicated the coexistence of distinct concepts of conflict, typified in six modalities: lack of collaboration at work; disrespect resulting from asymmetrical relations between workers; problematic employee behavior; personal problems; asymmetry with other management levels; and inadequate work infrastructure. The relevance of (non)mutual recognition, as proposed by Axel Honneth, stood out in the interpretation of the causes and practical implications of these conflicts. PMID:25166942

Carvalho, Brgida Gimenez; Peduzzi, Marina; Ayres, Jos Ricardo de Carvalho Mesquita

2014-07-01

233

Curriculum Vita: Eduardo Francisco Guerrero Center for Topographic Expression  

E-print Network

National Park. Chester, CA Student Intern (Summer, 2004) Centro Nacional de Prevencion de Desastres in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming and Montana: Evidence For Advection of the Yellowstone Hot Spot Swell Through NorthBridge/Headlands Institute. Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Sausalito, CA. Field Geologist (2005-2006) Western

Kurapov, Alexander

234

PERSONAL ACADMICO Y TEMAS DE INVESTIGACIN  

E-print Network

: Monitoreo ambiental, manejo de recursos naturales, impactos vincu- lados a desastres naturales, restauración. Investigador Cinvestav 3B. Doctora en Geografía (1984) UNAM, México, D.F. Temas de investigación: Turismo

235

CURSO DE PS-GRADUAO EM CINCIA DO SISTEMA TERRESTRE  

E-print Network

?nio Bueno Pereira, Ph.D., W.M.Rice University, 1980 Gilberto Câmara, Doutor, INPE, 1995 Jean Pierre CST-307-3 Energia e o Meio Ambiente Dr. ?nio Bueno Pereira CST-308-3 Desastres Naturais Dra. Regina

236

CST-021-0 Fundamentos Bsicos de Matemtica* Rene Adalid Medrano Balboa  

E-print Network

: ?nio Bueno Pereira CST-308-3 Desastres Naturais Professores: Regina Célia dos Santos Alvalá, Chou Sin Alves dalves@dpi.inpe.br Osmar Pinto Junior osmar@dge.inpe.br Enio Bueno Pereira enio.pereira

237

1 Perodo Letivo CST-201-4 Introduo Cincia do Sistema Terrestre*  

E-print Network

CST-307-3 Energia e o Meio Ambiente Dr. ?nio Bueno Pereira CST-308-3 Desastres Naturais Dra. Regina@dpi.inpe.br Osmar Pinto Junior osmar@dge.inpe.br Enio Bueno Pereira enio.pereira@inpe.br Paulo Nobre pnobre

238

CURSO DE PS-GRADUAO EM CINCIA DO SISTEMA TERRESTRE  

E-print Network

, Univ. de Paris, 1983 ?nio Bueno Pereira, Ph.D., W.M.Rice University, 1980 Gilberto Câmara, Doutor, INPE Pinto Júnior CST-307-3 Energia e o Meio Ambiente Dr. ?nio Bueno Pereira CST-308-3 Desastres Naturais Dra

239

Del sujeto que ha intentado suicidarse y el Otro: la Institucin Psiquitrica  

PubMed Central

El hospital psiquitrico se ha constituido como un lugar donde se posibilita legitimar la exclusin y la radicalidad de ese otro que no es igual, como es el caso del sujeto que atenta contra su propia vida. En consecuencia, el intento de suicidio desde el pensamiento foucaultiano, es una resistencia que desmantela la estructura de dominacin a travs de un acto de poder, el cual se ejerce sobre el propio cuerpo. As, la intencin de este texto es mostrar que la relacin Otro-otro es un lugar en la estructura subjetiva, que se deposita en la institucin psiquitrica, la cual representa el poder, la ley, y es aquello a lo que se le quiere agredir, resistir, abatir con un intento de suicidio. Para demostrar como se materializan estos hechos, se exponen los testimonios de tres adolescentes atendidas en un hospital psiquitrico por intentos suicidas, en los cuales se sealan los diferentes significados que le atribuyen a la institucin psiquitrica en tanto que representa un Otro en sus actos autoinfligidos.

Liliana, Mondragn B.; Miguel ngel, Caballero G.

2009-01-01

240

Un Manual para Padres y Madres Immigrantes. Proteja los Derechos de Educacion para Sus Hijos e Hijas (A Handbook for Immigrant Parents: Protect the Educational Rights of Your Children).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook for Spanish-speaking immigrant parents outlines the legal rights of immigrant children to educational services. All children in the United States have a right to attend school. Schools may require proof of residency and vaccination before enrollment, but a signed sworn statement attesting to the child's age may be substituted for a

Multicultural Education, Training and Advocacy (META), Inc., San Francisco, CA.

241

Universidad de Puerto Rico Facultad de Educacin Recinto de Ro Piedras Centro de Investigaciones Educativas Cuaderno de Investigacin en la Educacin Num. 17, mayo 2002 LAS EDUCADORAS Y SUS METAFORAS EDUCATIVAS: DOS INVESTIGADORES EN ACCION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discuss two research-in-action projects that collect and analyze the educational metaphors of two groups of teachers engaged in the reflection of their own educational visions and practices. Both studies were qualitative in nature and the author was a participant researcher. Audiotapes, field notes, minutes and the participants' written reflections, documented a diversity of original metaphors produced in conversation

Angeles Molina Iturrondo

242

Percepcion de los profesores universitarios acerca del concepto cultura cientifica y de sus implicaciones en el nuevo bachillerato del Recinto de Rio Piedras de la Universidad de Puerto Rico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

El Senado Academico del Recinto de Rio Piedras de la Universidad de Puerto Rico aprobo en el ano academico 2005-2006 la Certificacion 46, que contiene los lineamientos de un nuevo bachillerato. Este nuevo bachillerato introdujo cambios significativos en el curriculo tradicional. Entre ellos se encuentra la reduccion del componente de educacion general y el de Ciencias Biologicas en particular. La reduccion de creditos en el componente de Ciencias Biologicas ha obligado a reevaluar el concepto de cultura cientifica que desarrollan esos cursos. El proposito del estudio consistio en auscultar las percepciones de los profesores de las Facultades de Administracion de Empresas, Humanidades, Ciencias Sociales, Ciencias Naturales, Educacion y Estudios Generales del Recinto de Rio Piedras de la Universidad de Puerto Rico en torno al concepto de cultura cientifica, los contenidos disciplinares del curso de Ciencias Biologicas y la reduccion de creditos en el nuevo bachillerato. Las preguntas que guiaron la investigacion fueron: cuales son las percepciones que tienen los profesores de las Facultades de Administracion de Empresas, Ciencias Sociales, Estudios Generales, Ciencias Naturales, Humanidades y Educacion, en torno al concepto de cultura cientifica y los contenidos disciplinares del curso de Ciencias Biologicas? cuales son las percepciones que tienen los profesores de Ciencias Biologicas en torno al concepto cultura cientifica y los contenidos disciplinares del curso de Ciencias Biologicas? existen diferencias significativas por facultad, genero, experiencia, rango y nombramiento en las percepciones que tienen los profesores del Recinto de Rio Piedras de la Universidad de Puerto Rico sobre los elementos que caracterizan la cultura cientifica y los contenidos biologicos que deben tener los egresados del Recinto? que implicaciones curriculares tienen estos testimonios en el desarrollo del concepto de cultura cientifica en el nuevo bachillerato? Para realizar la investigacion se utilizo una metodologia cuantitativa y la herramienta para lograrlo fue una encuesta. La encuesta se analizo estadisticamente mediante analisis de frecuencias y por cientos, prueba ANOVA, prueba t, pruebas Post Hoc de Tukey y de Levene. Tambien se realizo nuevamente una prueba de confiabilidad mediante el alfa de Cronbach. Los resultados reflejaron que los profesores de las Facultades de Administracion de Empresas, Ciencias Sociales, Ciencias Naturales, Educacion, Humanidades, Estudios Generales y el Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas tienen una percepcion muy positiva del concepto de cultura cientifica, los contenidos curriculares de Ciencias Biologicas y del nuevo bachillerato.

Ramos Pastrana, Nilsa

243

Investigacion educativa. El sistema escolar en sus diferentes niveles, factores que favorecen o frenan su eficacia y medidas de superacion (Educational Research. The Educational System at Different Levels; Factors Promoting or Hindering Its Efficiency; Possible Improvements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is an English-language abstract (Approximately 1,500 words) of a study on educational research in Mexico. Chapter one discusses the importance of educational research, in terms of its role both in scientific and technical development; it should use scientific methods so that it will have solid foundations. Chapter two is a survey of

Jimenez Lozano, Blanca; And Others

244

Lista de las veinticinco especies de inters para el proyecto piloto MoSI de cinco aos y sus tendencias poblacionales de veintitres aos (P = regular y relativamente comn, O = irregular o poco comn). Nombres en  

E-print Network

.** P P O. tolmiei Neg. P P Wilsonia citrina Pos. P P W. pusilla Neg.** P P O P P Passerina cyanea Neg. pensylvanica, D. coronata, D. palmarum, Mniotilta varia, Geothlypis trichis, Icteria virens, and Spizella

DeSante, David F.

245

Heart to Heart: Parents of Blind and Partially Sighted Children Talk about Their Feelings = De Corazon a Corazon: Padres de Ninos Ciegos y Parcialmente Ciegos Hablan acerca de Sus Sentimientos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English and Spanish versions of this booklet describe typical feelings experienced by parents of blind and partially sighted children. Experiences are cited including first feelings of shock and confusion, days of dramatic ups and downs, need to find a reason for the blindness, self doubts and anxiety, and reactions from strangers. In closing, the

Blind Childrens Center, Los Angeles, CA.

246

Supportive Practices among Low-Income Parents of Academically Successful Elementary Students in Even Start Programs = Practicas Efectivas que Apoyan el Exito Academico en Ninos Hispanos a Traves de la Participacion de sus Padres.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study (reported in separate English and Spanish versions) used a qualitative approach to identify the supportive parental behaviors of academically successful children from low income families in Even Start programs, from the parents', teachers', and children's perspectives. The sample contained 12 low income parents who had one or more

Ebener, Richard; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly J.

247

Serologische Untersuchungen zum Nachweis von Antikrpern gegen Viren des Seuchenhaften Sptaborts, der Aujeszkyschen Krankheit, der Europischen Schweinepest und Porzine Parvoviren beim Wildschwein ( Sus scrofa , L., 1758) in Nordrhein-Westfalen  

Microsoft Academic Search

In den Jahren 1992\\/93 bis 1995\\/96 sind aus Nordrhein-Westfalen und zwei Landkreisen des benachbarten Bundeslandes Rheinland-Pfalz 768 Blutserumproben von Schwarzwild auf Antikrper gegen die Viruserkrankungen Seuchenhafter Sptabort der Schweine PRRS, Porzine Parvoviren PPV, Europische Schweinepest ESP und Aujeszkysche Krankheit AK (Tab. 1) untersucht worden. In keinem Fall wurden Antikrper gegen PRRS und ESP nachgewiesen. Antikrper gegen AK fanden sich in

Walburga Lutz; R. Wurm

1996-01-01

248

EFECTO DE UN EXTRACTO HIDROALCOHLICO DE UNCARIA TOMENTOSA (UA DE GATO) SOBRE LA POBLACIN DE CLULAS DENDRTICAS Y SUS MOLCULAS HLA-DR Y CD86 ANTE EL ESTMULO CON LIPOPOLISACRIDOS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To determine the effect of an hydro-alcoholic extract of cats claw Uncaria tomentosa (uG) over lipopolysaccharides - treated dendritic cells (DC) and HLA-DR and CD86 molecules expression of peripheral blood samples obtained from healthy individuals. Materials and methods. Peripheral blood samples were collected from healthy individuals. Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMC) were isolated by centrifugation over density gradient, pre-treated

Ivn Lozada-Requena; Csar Nez; Jos Luis Aguilar

249

Obtaining Disaster Assistance (Spanish)  

E-print Network

trav?s de la Agencia Federal de Administraci?n de Emergencias (FEMA). El dinero y los servicios se brindan a trav?s del Programa de Viviendas e Individuos (IHP). Se otorgan pr?stamos con baja tasa de inter?s a trav?s de la Administraci?n de Peque...?os negocios (SBA) Si FEMA determina que usted no es elegible para recibir asistencia en virtud de IHP, se le enviar? por correo una solicitud de Pr?stamo ante un Desastre de SBA para propietarios y locatarios. El SBA brinda pr?stamos con baja tasa de...

Cavanagh, Joyce

2008-09-24

250

Returning Home After a Disaster: Supply List (Spanish)  

E-print Network

ER-016S 10-07 Lisa Norman, Asistente de Extensi?n Sistema Universitario Texas A&M Limpiar luego de un desastre puede resultar una larga y ardua tarea. Si su vivienda se ha inundado, todo lo que el agua haya tocado se considera contaminado. Deber...?a desechar los elementos da?ados o desinfectarlos. Resultar? ?til conseguir los siguientes elementos antes de regresar a su vivienda: Agua: Consiga provisiones de agua embotellada como m?nimo para tres d?as. Embale 1 gal?n para cada persona por d...

Norman, Lisa

2007-10-08

251

Inversor Resonante de Tres Elementos L-LC con Caracteristica Cortocircuitable para Aplicaciones de Calentamiento por Induccion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Los generadores de calentamiento por induccion son puentes inversores con carga resonante, cuya mision es basicamente crear una corriente sinusoidal de gran amplitud sobre la "bobina de caldeo", que forma parte del tanque resonante. En el interior de esta bobina se introduce la pieza que se desea calentar. EI campo magnetico creado induce corrientes superficiales (corrientes de Foucault) sobre la pieza, que producen su calentamiento. Los tanques resonantes (tambien llamados osciladores) utilizados en la actualidad son el resonante serie y el resonante paralelo. Aunque ya desde hace algun tiempo se vienen construyendo generadores de alta potencia basados en estos dos osciladores, el exito nunca ha. sido completo en ninguno de los dos casos. Tal y como se explica en la introduccion de esta memoria, los puentes inversores utilizados deben operar sobre una carga inductiva (corriente retrasada) para evitar el fenomeno de la recuperacion inversa de sus diodos y la consiguiente ruptura de los transistores. De la restriccion topologica anterior se deduce que el generador paralelo debe conmutar a frecuencias inferiores a la resonancia, y el serie a frecuencias superiores. A esta restriccion topologica hay que unir otra que es exclusiva del calentamiento por induccion: La corriente por la bobina de caldeo debe ser sinusoidal. De no ser asi, resultaria imposible disponer toda la potencia de calentamiento sobre la pieza en el espesor requerido por la aplicacion. Como consecuencia, los inversores no pueden operar por debajo de la frecuencia de resonancia del oscilador, pues en ese caso se amplifican los armonicos de orden superior de la tension/corriente de entrada situados sobre la resonancia, con la consiguiente distorsion de la corriente de salida. La conjuncion de las dos restricciones anteriores obligan al inversor paralelo a funcionar a la frecuencia de resonancia del oscilador. Esto imposibilita un control por variacion de frecuencia, regulandose la potencia desde la seccion de entrada mediante un mayor o menor aporte de corriente al puente. Como consecuencia, la seccion de entrada del paralelo, ya de por si mas voluminosa que lao del serie por el uso de grandes componentes magneticos (bobinas de filtro o de "alisamiento"), result a tambien mas complicada y costosa debido a la necesidad de ser implementada mediante rectificador controlado. Ademas, la regulacion que ofrece el rectificador es pobre, dada su baja frecuencia de conmutacion. En cambio, el circuito serie puede funcionar por encima de la resonancia manteniendo una secuencia de conmutacion sin riesgos de recuperacion inversa y con una corriente de salida practicamente sinusoidal, lo que permite un control de la potencia por variacion de frecuencia. Puesto que la tarea de regulacion se realiza desde el puente inversor, la regulacion resulta mucho mas eficaz y la seccion de entrada se puede implementar mediante un simple rectificador no controlado y un condensador de filtro. (Abstract shortened by UMI.).

Espi Huerta, Jose Miguel

252

B8. RESPUESTA DE GYPSOPHILA (Gypsophila paniculata var. Bambino) A LA INYECCIN DE CO 2 EN SUS DIFERENTES FASES FENOLGICAS. GUAYLLABAMBA, PICHINCHA*. RESPONSE OF GYPSOPHILA (Gypsophila paniculata var. Bambino) TO THE INJECTION OF CO 2 IN DIFFERENT PHENOLOGIC PHASES. GUAYLLABAMBA, PICHINCHA  

Microsoft Academic Search

con cuatro repeticiones. La unidad experimental net a fue 20m 2 (20mx1m). Las variables evaluadas fueron: Incremento de altura y dimetro, nmero de brotes, produccin de tallos, peso de tallos en verde, determinacin de m ateria seca, peso de tallos en blanca, nmero de das de apertura de flor, nmero de das en florero y anlisis econmico. El tratamiento que

253

Ohio. Proposed Project Involves the Improvement of a Portion of Ohio State Route No. 41 in German and Springfield Townships and in the City of Springfield. Project No. CLA-SR 41-19.28 (S-US-103(6), Clark County.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project involves the improvement of a portion of Ohio State Route No. 41 in German and Springfield Townships and in the city of Springfield, Ohio. The existing pavement is inadequate for the volume of traffic now using the route, and the traffic is in...

1971-01-01

254

A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 5th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 5to Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

255

A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 6th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 6to Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

256

A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 2nd Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 2do Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

257

A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 12th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Grado 12 Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new

South Carolina State Education Oversight Committee, Columbia.

258

A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 7th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Septimo Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

259

A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 11th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Grado 11 Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

260

A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 4th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 4to Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

261

A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your Kindergartner Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Jardin Infantil (Kindergarten) Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

262

A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 10th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Decimo Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new

South Carolina State Education Oversight Committee, Columbia.

263

A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 3rd Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 3er Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

264

A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 9th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Noveno Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

265

A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 8th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Octavo Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

266

A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 1st Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 1er Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

267

Efectos genticos directos, maternos y heterosis individual para tasas de estro, gestacin, paricin y destete de vacas Criollo, Guzerat y sus cruzas F1 Breed effects and individual heterosis for pregnancy, calving and weaning rates in Criollo, Guzerat and F1 cows  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reproductive records of beef cows were collected in 2000, 2001, 2002 and 2003 to estimate direct and maternal genetic effects and to compare estrous (ER), pregnancy (PR), calving (CR) and weaning (WR) rates. Data was collected from Guzerat (G, n=202), Criollo (C, n=126), Criollo x Guzerat (CG, n=101) and Guzerat x Criollo (GC, n=35) cows. Analyses were carried out with

Guillermo Martnez Velzquez; Moiss Montao Bermdez; Jos Antonio Palacios Frnquezb

268

Cuidado de Ninos con Necesidades Especiales en el Hogar: Manual de Estrategias y Actividades para Proveedores que Cuidan Ninos en Sus Hogares (Children with Special Needs in Family Day Care Homes: A Handbook of Approaches and Activities for Family Day Care Home Providers).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Practical information and sample teaching activities for child caregivers who work with young developmentally disabled children in family day care settings are provided in this manual. Each chapter shares a typical experience a caregiver may have with a particular child. Chapter 1 focuses on getting to know a new child, initial expectations, and

de la Brosse, Beatrice

269

En sus marcas--Listos--A leer! Para los cuidadores de ninos pequenos: Actividades de lenguaje para la primera infancia y ninez entre el nacimiento y los 5 anos. El reto: A leer, America! (Ready--Set--Read! For Caregivers: Early Childhood Language Activities for Children from Birth through Age Five. America Reads Challenge).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ready--Set--Read Kit includes an activity guide for caregivers, a 1997-98 early childhood activity calendar, and an early childhood growth chart. The activity guide presents activities and ideas that caregivers (family child care providers and the teachers, staff, and volunteers in child development programs) can use to help young children

Department of Education, Washington, DC.

270

Los Hispanos: Problemas y Oportunidades. Resumen de la Actual Situacion Demografica, Economica, Social y Politica de los Hispanos en los Estados Unidos y de las Iniciativas Tomadas por la Fundacion Ford Para Hacer Frente a las Necesidades de esta Poblacion en Aumento y Determinar sus Efectos Sobre la Sociedad Estadounidense. Documento de Trabajo de la Fundacion Ford, No. 436.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Hispanic population's growing impact on American society has caused the Ford Foundation to explore new Foundation initiatives. The 1980 census revealed 14.6 million Hispanics: 60% Mexican American; 14% Puerto Rican; 6% Cuban, and 20% Other. The Hispanic population in the United States is growing and is characterized by diversity; rapid growth

Ford Foundation, New York, NY.

271

Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 2 and 3 modulate metabolic homeostasis and direct carbon towards starch synthesis in developing seeds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two genes encoding sucrose synthase (SUS), namely SUS2 (At5g49190) and SUS3 (At4g02280), are strongly and differentially expressed in Arabidopsis seed. Detailed biochemical analysis was carried out\\u000a in developing seeds 921days after flowering (DAF) of wild type and two knockouts. SUS2 and SUS3 are not redundant genes since single knockouts show a phenotype in developing seeds. The mutants had 3050% less

Juan Gabriel Angeles-Nez; Angeles-NunezAxel Tiessen

2010-01-01

272

Genome-Wide Identification and Expression Profile Analysis of Citrus Sucrose Synthase Genes: Investigation of Possible Roles in the Regulation of Sugar Accumulation  

PubMed Central

Sucrose synthase (Sus) (EC 2.4.1.13) is a key enzyme for the sugar accumulation that is critical to form fruit quality. In this study, extensive data-mining and PCR amplification confirmed that there are at least six Sus genes (CitSus1-6) in the citrus genome. Gene structure and phylogeny analysis showed an evolutionary consistency with other plant species. The six Sus genes contain 1215 exons and 1114 introns and were evenly distributed into the three plant Sus groups (CitSus1 and CitSus2 in the Sus I group, CitSus3 and CitSus6 in the Sus II group, and CitSus4 and CitSus5 in the Sus III group). Transcripts of these six CitSus genes were subsequently examined. For tissues and organs, CitSus1 and 2 were predominantly expressed in fruit juice sacs (JS) whereas CitSus3 and 4 were predominantly expressed in early leaves (immature leaves), and CitSus5 and 6 were predominantly expressed in fruit JS and in mature leaves. During fruit development, CitSus5 transcript increased significantly and CitSus6 transcript decreased significantly in fruit JS. In the fruit segment membrane (SM), the transcript levels of CitSus2 and 5 were markedly higher and the abundant levels of CitSus3 and 6 gradually decreased. Moreover, transcript levels of CitSus1-4 examined were higher and the CitSus5 transcript level was lower in the fruit SM than in fruit JS, while CitSus6 had a similar transcript level in fruit JS and SM. In addition, transcripts of CitSus1-6 responded differently to dehydration in mature leaves or to mild drought stress in fruit JS and SM. Finally, the possible roles of Sus genes in the regulation of sugar accumulation are discussed; however, further study is required. PMID:25420091

Islam, Mohammad Zahidul; Hu, Xiao-Mei; Jin, Long-Fei; Liu, Yong-Zhong; Peng, Shu-Ang

2014-01-01

273

This article has been accepted for inclusion in a future issue of this journal. Content is final as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING 1  

E-print Network

holes" in the spectrum white space and to enable spectrum sharing for secondary users (SUs). One grand challenge is how SUs can discover spectrum holes and access them efficiently, without causing interference

Tan, Chee Wei

274

Mensaje para alumnos y padres  

NASA Video Gallery

El astronauta de la NASA Jos Hernndez alienta a los estudiantes a que sigan sus sueos. Hernndez tambin habla acerca del papel que juegan los padres para ayudar a que sus hijos hagan realidad s...

275

819-0395 744 TEL:092-802-2130 FAX:092-802-2139  

E-print Network

.999%0.001% 0.7MPa 7Pa 10Pa 1 Coiled tube vessel (SUS 316L, Inconel 625) Outer vessel (SUS 304) CoolingL bInconel 625 1 SUS316L 625SUS316L 625 2 1 N. Sakoda, R. Kumagai, R. Ishida, K 673 K 773 K Atmospheric pressure (b) Inconel 625 Experimental data Theoretical calculation #12; I2

Nakamura, Iku

276

Effect of high magnetic field and uniaxial stress at cryogenic temperatures on phase stability of some austenitic stainless steels  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have examined effects of external fields, such as temperature, magnetic field, stress and combination of them on martensitic transformation of SUS304, SUS304L, SUS316 and SUS316L austenitic stainless steels, and obtained the following results. (i) An athermal martensitic transformation does not occur for all the solution-treated and the sensitized specimens, and the ?-phase exhibits an antiferromagnetic transition at a temperature

T. Fukuda; T. Kakeshita; K. Kindo

2006-01-01

277

Structure and expression profile of the sucrose synthase gene family in the rubber tree: indicative of roles in stress response and sucrose utilization in the laticifers.  

PubMed

Sucrose synthase (Sus, EC 2.4.1.13) is widely recognized as a key enzyme in sucrose metabolism in plants. However, nothing is known about this gene family in Heveabrasiliensis (para rubber tree). Here, we identified six Sus genes in H.brasiliensis that comprise the entire Sus family in this species. Analysis of the gene structure and phylogeny of the Sus genes demonstrates evolutionary conservation in the Sus families across Hevea and other plant species. The expression of Sus genes was investigated via Solexa sequencing and quantitative PCR in various tissues, at various phases of leaf development, and under abiotic stresses and ethylene treatment. The Sus genes exhibited distinct but partially redundant expression profiles. Each tissue has one abundant Sus isoform, with HbSus3, 4 and 5 being the predominant isoforms in latex (cytoplasm of rubber-producing laticifers), bark and root, respectively. HbSus1 and 6 were barely expressed in any tissue examined. In mature leaves (source), all HbSus genes were expressed at low levels, but HbSus3 and 4 were abundantly expressed in immature leaves (sink). Low temperature and drought treatments conspicuously induced HbSus5 expression in root and leaf, suggesting a role in stress responses. HbSus2 and 3 transcripts were decreased by ethylene treatment, consistent with the reduced sucrose-synthesizing activity of Sus enzymes in the latex in response to ethylene stimulation. Our results are beneficial to further determination of functions for the Sus genes in Hevea trees, especially roles in regulating latex regeneration. PMID:24279382

Xiao, Xiaohu; Tang, Chaorong; Fang, Yongjun; Yang, Meng; Zhou, Binhui; Qi, Jiyan; Zhang, Yi

2014-01-01

278

50 INVESTIGACION Y CIENCIA, septiembre, 2008 a diversidad de una selva tropical ha  

E-print Network

animales de los que depende la polinización de sus flores y la dispersión de sus semillas. Los tucanes toco cosas, si desaparecieran estos animales, todas esas especies de árboles dejarían de repro- ducirse, se flores po- linizadas por animales se han diversificado mucho más que sus primas hermanas cuyas flores

Jordano, Pedro

279

L'implication des parents dans la scolarit des filles et des garons : des intentions la pratique  

Microsoft Academic Search

[spa] En 1992, los progenitores preferan una formacin tcnica o cientfi ca para sus hijos y proyectaban un nivel de estudios globalmente ms elevado para sus hijas que para sus hijos. Esta constatacin sigue siendo cierta en la entrada escolar 2003. Pero analizando ms concretamente el deseo de un bachillerato cientfi co, ya que es la carrera ms rentable de

Marie Gouyon; Sophie Gurin

2006-01-01

280

LOS DESAFOS INCONCLUSOS DE LA SALUD Y LAS REFLEXIONES PARA EL FUTU- RO EN UN MUNDO GLOBALIZADO  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN: Hace algunas dcadas se tena la certeza que al ao 2000, la medicina y la ciencia iban a erradicar las enfermedades infecciosas. La realidad ha sido otra: la emer- gencia y la reemergencia de enfermedades infecciosas, demuestran lo contrario. Los microorganismos se han globalizado y modernizado y adaptado, como consecuencia de la intervencin humana sobre el medio ambiente y

Jaime Llambas Wolff

2003-01-01

281

Efectos colaterales de un reparto insostenible de recursos  

Microsoft Academic Search

El ser humano, como cualquier otro organismo, posee la capacidad de modificar su entorno para su propio beneficio, especialmente de cara a asegurar su manutencin y la de aquellos a su cargo. Con el desarrollo tecnolgico esa capacidad ha adquirido dimensiones sin precedentes para el entorno que nos sustenta, con consecuencias difciles de estimar y menos aun de predecir, que

Marta I. Saloa Bordas

2006-01-01

282

Es segura la combinacion de IECA o ARA II con espironolactona? Is the combination of ACE inhibitors and ASA with spirolactone safe?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen Objetivos: determinar si en pacientes evaluados por hiperpotasemia en un servicio de nefrologa la combinacin IECA (inhibidores de enzima convertidora de angiotensina II) o ARA II (antagonistas del receptor de angiotensina II) con espironolactona estaba presente y qu consecuencias tuvo sobre el grupo de pacientes identificados. Diseo: estudio de tipo observacional, descriptivo retrospectivo y prospectivo. Lugar: unidad renal STR

TRABAJOS ORIGINALES; CSAR A. RESTREPOMANIZALES

2005-01-01

283

Una mirada de la ltima Reforma de la Educacin Argentina desde las Polticas de Cooperacin Educativa de los Organismos Internacionales  

Microsoft Academic Search

El presente trabajo es una investigacin cualitativa que indaga sobre la relacin entre la agenda educativa de los organismos internacionales y la ltima reforma educativa en nuestro pas mediante la tcnica de estudio de caso. Con ese criterio, se expone un anlisis del cambio educativo argentino identificando causas y consecuencias del fenmeno y advirtiendo el rol que adquirieron los principales

Mara Blanca Pesado Riccardi

284

UNIVERSIDAD AUTONOMA DE MADRID ESCUELA POLITECNICA SUPERIOR  

E-print Network

. The enormous growth on the number of deployed CCTV cameras and, consequently, the huge growth of the number of surveillance videos. Keywords: Video summarization, CCTV, surveillance video, video, background reconstruction enorme desarrollo y expansión de las cámaras CCTV y, en consecuencia, el gran aumento del número de horas

Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

285

Derecho de la competencia y del consumo  

Microsoft Academic Search

La segunda edicin de este libro nace debido a dos razones fundamentales: la primera, como consecuencia de la expedicin de una nueva ley que contiene cambios en ciertos temas tratados en la primera edicin de este libro y, la segunda, en la medida en que la parte procesal de los ternas sustancialmente tratados en la primera edicin no se encontraba

Mauricio Velandia

286

Estudios de responsabilidad civil  

Microsoft Academic Search

La obra Estudios de responsabilidad civil pretende mostrar al lector diferentes escenarios de la responsabilidad civil, analizando en cada uno de los captulos las consecuencias que generan los daos causados en la actividad transportadora, especialmente en el campo del transporte areo y del transporte multimodal, los daos ambientales y los daos que resultan de la prestacin de los servicios de

Manuel Guillermo Sarmiento Garca

287

LAS COMPOSICIONES FONTICAS DE AGUSTN GONZLEZ ACILU EN EL CONTEXTO DE LA MSICA ESPAOLA CONTEMPORNEA  

Microsoft Academic Search

En el marco de la llamada composicin fontica o lingstica (Sprachkomposition), que se desarroll como consecuencia de la descomposicin serial y floracin de las tendencias tmbricas y aleatorias en la msica occidental, surgieron en Espaa numerosas obras cuyo objetivo era explotar las potencialidades acsticas, tmbricas y mmicas del lenguaje. Una posicin destacada ocupa la obra de Agustn Gonzlez Acilu (Alsasua,

Jos Mara Garca Laborda

1994-01-01

288

Tourism impact in Merida: A study on the employment of labor in the food and beverages sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

El estudio de impacto turstico en cuanto al empleo es de vital importancia para cualquier comunidad, dada la naturaleza socio-econmica intrnseca del mismo. En el estado Mrida, hasta donde se tiene conocimiento, no existen estudios previos relacionados con este tema. En consecuencia, se ha desarrollado un trabajo con el propsito de describir, analizar y evaluar el empleo de mano de

Aura Mayela Mrquez

1996-01-01

289

Actas del Congreso Internacional "Amrica Latina: La autonoma de una regin", organizado por el Consejo Espaol de Estudios Iberoamericanos (CEEIB) y la Facultad de Ciencias Polticas y Sociologa de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM),  

E-print Network

últimos años, los estudios turísticos han ido dando una creciente relevancia al rol del turismo (y las consecuencias que el turismo, como vector del cambio climático, tiene sobre otros sectores propuestas que la industria y diferentes instituciones plantean para amortiguar o compensar ese impacto

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

290

RELACIN TURISTA ANFITRIN EN LOS CONSEJOS POPULARES DE PUNTA GORDA Y CENTRO HISTRICO PARQUE MART DE LA CIUDAD DE CIENFUEGOS. IMPACTOS SOCIALES  

Microsoft Academic Search

El turismo es un fenmeno, que genera diversas consecuencias e impactos en la sociedad. La presente investigacin brinda un referente terico sobre el mismo, profundizando en el resultado de la relacin que se establece entre los que nos visitan y los anfitriones. Se hace referencia a las diferentes polticas y\\/ o acciones mitigantes, para contrarrestar los efectos adversos que ocasiona

Jonachy Prieto Rodrguez

2012-01-01

291

PERCEPCIN DEL NIVEL DE SATISFACCIN DE LOS RESIDENTES CON LA ACTIVIDAD TURSTICA: CASO COMALA, COLIMA, MXICO  

Microsoft Academic Search

El turismo sustentable puede jugar un rol muy importante en el desarrollo de la comunidad, especialmente en reas en las que abundan los recursos naturales y culturales, an faltando recursos financieros que permitan el crecimiento econmico en otras vas. Sin embargo, cualquier esfuerzo promocional y de desarrollo puede tener consecuencias en las dimensiones clsicas del desarrollo sustentable: ecolgicas, econmicas y

Rafael Covarrubias Ramrez; Ernesto Manuel Conde Prez

2009-01-01

292

Derechos humanos, universalismo, universalidad y particularismos culturales  

Microsoft Academic Search

La mundializacin factual como consecuencia de la revolucin de las tcnicas de comunicacin. Congruencia directa entre el sujeto humano individual y la humanidad global (los medias: instantaneidad mundial de la informacin perceptible por cada individuo miembro de la humanidad; internet: de individuo a individuo directamente a escala mundial). La globalizacin como respuesta a una percepcin planetaria de las amenazas contra

Jean-Luc Chabot

2012-01-01

293

La evaluacin del desempeo de las empresas privatizadas en Colombia: Coincide con la experiencia internacional?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este estudio pretende evaluar si las empresas que fueron privatizadas en Colombia durante los aos 1990 mejoraron sustancialmente su productividad y rentabilidad, como consecuencia de los cambios gerenciales que se debieron dar, o si por el contrario, continuaron en niveles similares, contrariando la hiptesis de que los nuevos dueos propiciaran cambios sustanciales en su estrategia, como lo demuestra la experiencia

Hctor Ochoa Daz; Jaime Andrs Collazos Rodrguez

2004-01-01

294

Polticas de vivienda social en el Gran Santiago: proletarizacin de los sectores populares urbanos  

Microsoft Academic Search

La sumatoria de los procesos productivos, migraciones y pobreza que ha afectado a Santiago de Chile durante el siglo XX ha configurado un cuadro de dficit de viviendas entre los sectores populares como consecuencia del fuerte crecimiento poblacional, la falta de infraestructura urbana y la inestabilidad laboral de los sectores ms desposedos. Es en la segunda mitad del siglo citado

Rodrigo Rocha Prez; Patricio Antilef Osorio; Jos Villarroel de la Sotta

2007-01-01

295

ENERGA Y AMBIENTE: PASADO, PRESENTE Y FUTURO. PARTE DOS: SISTEMA ENERGTICO BASADO EN ENERGAS ALTERNATIVAS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen El contnuo y creciente deterioro del ecosistema mundial y el agotamiento a mediano plazo de las reservas de combustibles fsiles: carbn, petrleo y gas; son las principales consecuencias del actual sistema energtico mundial. El Sistema se basa en la utilizacin intensiva de dichas fuentes. Por esta razn es imperativo el desarrollo de fuentes energticas alternas que sean armnicas ambientalmente,

Fausto Posso

2002-01-01

296

EVALUATION OF PREDATOR ATTENDANCE AT PITFALL TRAPS IN TEXAS ADAM W. FERGUSON,* FLOYD W. WECKERLY, JOHN T. BACCUS, AND MICHAEL R. J. FORSTNER  

E-print Network

no cuantificado es el efecto que los vertebrados depredadores pueden tener en los animales capturados en las debido al bajo taman~o del efecto y el poder estadi´stico reducido por la muestra pequen~a de animales un riesgo potencial para los animales capturados. Las posibles consecuencias son ma´s graves cuando

Aspbury, Andrea S. - Department of Biology, Texas State University

297

Modelizacin de problemas de ordenacin forestal con mltiples criterios. Una aplicacin a la economa forestal cubana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Los bosques cubanos han sido objeto de un explotacin indiscriminada durante muchos aos, lo que ha provocado que se estn realizando grandes esfuerzos por el restablecimiento de los mismos y que se tienda a posiciones conservacionistas que provocan el envejecimiento de las masas. Como consecuencia de esta situacin, tales bosques presentan una composicin por edades desequilibrada. As, en este trabajo

R. CABALLERO; T. GMEZ; J. MOLINA

2003-01-01

298

THE MEDIA ROLE IN MARGINALIZING THE MENTALLY ILL: TAKING CORRECTIVE ACTION  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN El entendimiento que tiene el pblico sobre los problemas sociales est influenciado profundamente por los medios de comunicacin. Desafortunadamente, los medios de comunicacin en los EEUU no sirven con fidelidad a las personas que sufren de enfermedades psquicas. Los medios de comunicacin refuerzan las imgenes negativas de estas personas. Publican generalmente que son imprevisibles, violentas y peligrosas. Como consecuencia,

EDWARD ALLAN BRAWLEY; EMILIA E. MARTINEZ BRAWLEY

299

DILOGO, COMUNICACIN Y TICA AMBIENTAL DESDE LA COTIDIANIDAD  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este trabajo se expone una modesta reflexin sobre cmo enfrentar del modo ms comprensivo posible la problemtica ambiental existente como consecuencia del acelerado desarrollo cientfico-tcnico al que se expone la humanidad. Se pretende llamar la atencin sobre los efectos negativos que est generando el uso inadecuado del conocimiento cientfico en los modos de vida del hombre comn, lo que

Niurbis La Lobaina; Noralis Columbi Puig

2012-01-01

300

La iniciacin al tabaquismo: aportaciones de la epidemiologa, el laboratorio y las ciencias del comportamiento  

Microsoft Academic Search

El tabaquismo es la consecuencia de un proceso que co- mienza incluso antes de probar el primer cigarrillo, ya que en l intervienen factores sociales y conductuales, y que culmina con dcadas de dependencia fsica y psicol- gica al tabaco. Este artculo discute el proceso de iniciacin al tabaquismo desde una perspectiva global, explicando los efectos fisiolgicos de la nicotina,

F. Soto Mas; J. R. Villalb; H. Balczar; J. Valderrama Alberola

2002-01-01

301

EL ORIGEN BIOLGICO DEL DERECHO  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este trabajo se aborda el posible origen evolutivo del derecho como una consecuencia del desarrollo social de nuestra especie. Otras especies con sistemas sociales similares presentan varias reglas para la convivencia en grupo. Algunas de estas reglas son comunes en todas las especies con comportamiento social. El desarrollo de la sociobiologa en las ltimas dcadas es una herramienta importante

Axel P. Retana-Salazar

302

TILLING Mutants of Lotus japonicus Reveal That Nitrogen Assimilation and Fixation Can Occur in the Absence of Nodule-Enhanced Sucrose Synthase[C][W  

PubMed Central

In all plant species studied to date, sucrose synthase occurs as multiple isoforms. The specific functions of the different isoforms are for the most part not clear. Six isoforms of sucrose synthase have been identified in the model legume Lotus japonicus, the same number as in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and rice (Oryza sativa). The genes encoding these isoforms are differentially expressed in all plant organs examined, although one, LjSUS4, is only expressed in flowers. LjSUS1 is the most highly expressed in all plant organs tested, except root nodules, where LjSUS3 accounts for more than 60% of the total SUS transcripts. One gene, LjSUS2, produces two transcripts due to alternative splicing, a feature not observed in other species to date. We have isolated plants carrying ethyl methanesulfonate-induced mutations in several SUS genes by targeting-induced local lesions in genomes reverse genetics and examined the effect of null alleles of two genes, LjSUS1 and LjSUS3, on nodule function. No differences were observed between the mutants and wild-type plants under glasshouse conditions, but there was evidence for a nitrogen-starvation phenotype in the sus3-1 mutant and severe impairment of growth in the sus1-1/sus3-1 double mutant under specific environmental conditions. Nodules of sus3-1 mutant plants retained a capacity for nitrogen fixation under all conditions. Thus, nitrogen fixation can occur in L. japonicus nodules even in the absence of LjSUS3 (the major nodule-induced isoform of SUS), so LjSUS1 must also contribute to the maintenance of nitrogen assimilation. PMID:17468221

Horst, Irmtraud; Welham, Tracey; Kelly, Simon; Kaneko, Takakazu; Sato, Shusei; Tabata, Satoshi; Parniske, Martin; Wang, Trevor L.

2007-01-01

303

TILLING mutants of Lotus japonicus reveal that nitrogen assimilation and fixation can occur in the absence of nodule-enhanced sucrose synthase.  

PubMed

In all plant species studied to date, sucrose synthase occurs as multiple isoforms. The specific functions of the different isoforms are for the most part not clear. Six isoforms of sucrose synthase have been identified in the model legume Lotus japonicus, the same number as in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and rice (Oryza sativa). The genes encoding these isoforms are differentially expressed in all plant organs examined, although one, LjSUS4, is only expressed in flowers. LjSUS1 is the most highly expressed in all plant organs tested, except root nodules, where LjSUS3 accounts for more than 60% of the total SUS transcripts. One gene, LjSUS2, produces two transcripts due to alternative splicing, a feature not observed in other species to date. We have isolated plants carrying ethyl methanesulfonate-induced mutations in several SUS genes by targeting-induced local lesions in genomes reverse genetics and examined the effect of null alleles of two genes, LjSUS1 and LjSUS3, on nodule function. No differences were observed between the mutants and wild-type plants under glasshouse conditions, but there was evidence for a nitrogen-starvation phenotype in the sus3-1 mutant and severe impairment of growth in the sus1-1/sus3-1 double mutant under specific environmental conditions. Nodules of sus3-1 mutant plants retained a capacity for nitrogen fixation under all conditions. Thus, nitrogen fixation can occur in L. japonicus nodules even in the absence of LjSUS3 (the major nodule-induced isoform of SUS), so LjSUS1 must also contribute to the maintenance of nitrogen assimilation. PMID:17468221

Horst, Irmtraud; Welham, Tracey; Kelly, Simon; Kaneko, Takakazu; Sato, Shusei; Tabata, Satoshi; Parniske, Martin; Wang, Trevor L

2007-06-01

304

'Everybody knows', but the rest of the world: the case of a caterpillar-borne reproductive loss syndrome in dromedary camels observed by Sahrawi pastoralists of Western Sahara  

PubMed Central

Background The traditional knowledge of local communities throughout the world is a valuable source of novel ideas and information to science. In this study, the ethnoveterinary knowledge of Sahrawi pastoralists of Western Sahara has been used in order to put forward a scientific hypothesis regarding the competitive interactions between camels and caterpillars in the Sahara ecosystem. Methods Between 2005 and 2009, 44 semi-structured interviews were conducted with Sahrawi pastoralists in the territories administered by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Western Sahara, using a snow-ball sampling design. Results Sahrawi pastoralists reported the existence of a caterpillar-borne reproductive loss syndrome, known locally as duda, affecting their camels. On the basis of Sahrawi knowledge about duda and of a thorough literature review, we built the hypothesis that: 1) caterpillars of the family Lasiocampidae (genera Lasiocampa, Psilogaster, or Streblote) have sudden and rare outbreaks on Acacia treetops in the Western Sahara ecosystem after heavy rainfall; 2) during these outbreaks, camels ingest the caterpillars while browsing; 3) as a consequence of this ingestion, pregnant camels have sudden abortions or give birth to weaklings. This hypothesis was supported by inductive reasoning built on circumstantiated evidence and analogical reasoning with similar syndromes reported in mares in the United States and Australia. Conclusions The possible existence of a caterpillar-borne reproductive loss syndrome among camels has been reported for the first time, suggesting that such syndromes might be more widespread than what is currently known. Further research is warranted to validate the reported hypothesis. Finally, the importance of studying folk livestock diseases is reinforced in light of its usefulness in revealing as yet unknown biological phenomena that would deserve further investigation. Resumen Todos lo saben, menos el resto del mundo: el caso de un sndrome de prdida reproductiva en dromedarios transmitido por orugas y observado por pastores nmadas saharauis del Shara Occidental. Antecedentes Los conocimientos tradicionales de las comunidades locales de todo el mundo son una valiosa fuente de nuevas ideas e informacin para la ciencia. En este estudio, se utilizaron los conocimientos de etnoveterinaria de pastores saharauis del Shara Occidental con el fin de proponer una hiptesis cientfica sobre las interacciones competitivas entre los camellos y las orugas en el ecosistema del Shara. Mtodos Entre los aos 2005 y 2009, se realizaron 44 entrevistas semi-estructuradas a los pastores saharauis en los territorios administrados por la Repblica rabe Saharaui Democrtica, Shara Occidental, mediante un diseo de muestreo por bola de nieve. Resultados Los pastores nmadas saharauis describieron un sndrome reproductivo transmitido por orugas, llamado duda, entre sus camellas. Sobre la base de los conocimientos saharauis sobre el duda y una revisin literaria exhaustiva, se propuso la siguiente hiptesis: 1) brotes espordico de orugas de la familia Lasiocampidae (gneros Lasiocampa, Psilogaster o Streblote) en rboles de Acacia se pueden presentar despus de fuertes lluvias en el ecosistema del Shara Occidental; 2) durante estos brotes, los camellos ingieren las orugas durante el pastoreo; 3) como consecuencia de esta ingestin, se producen abortos repentinos o partos de cras debilitadas. Apoyamos esta hiptesis mediante razonamiento inductivo basado en evidencia circunstancial y razonamiento analgico con sndromes similares en yeguas de los Estados Unidos y Australia. Conclusiones Este es el primer reporte de la posible existencia de un sndrome de prdida reproductiva en camellos, transmitido por orugas. Se insina que estos sndromes son ms comunes que lo que actualmente se conoce. Se sugieren investigaciones adicionales p

2013-01-01

305

Magnetic properties of the austenitic stainless steels at cryogenic temperatures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The magnetization was measured for the austenitic stainless steel of SUS304, SUS304L, SUS316, and SUS316L with the temperature from 5K to 300K and the magnetic field from 0T to 10T. The field dependences of the magnetizations changed at about 0.7T and 4T. The dependence was analyzed with ranges of 0-0.5T, 1-3T, and 5-10T. There was not so much difference between those stainless steels for the usage at small fields and 300 K. The SUS316 and SUS316L samples showed large non-linearity at high fields and 5K. Therefore, SUS304 was recommended for usage at high fields and low temperatures to design superconducting magnets with the linear approximation of the field dependence of magnetization.

Kobayashi, T.; Kobayashi, S.; Itoh, K.; Tsuchiya, K.

2002-05-01

306

Galvanic corrosion between dental precious alloys and magnetic stainless steels used for dental magnetic attachments.  

PubMed

In this study, we examined the corrosion behavior of dental precious alloys and magnetic stainless steels, namely SUS 444, SUS XM27, and SUS 447J1, used for dental magnetic attachments. Their galvanic corrosion behavior was evaluated from the viewpoint of corrosion potentials when they were in contact with each other. Rest potentials of the precious alloys were constantly higher than those of magnetic stainless steels. Since most gold alloys raised the corrosion potential more significantly than silver alloys did, silver alloys seemed to be better suited than gold alloys for combination with magnetic stainless steels. However, all corrosion potential values were sufficiently lower than the breakdown potentials of the stainless steels and existed within their passive regions. Based on the findings of this study, SUS XM27 and SUS 447J1--which exhibited higher breakdown potentials than SUS 444--emerged as the preferred choices for combination with gold alloys. PMID:18540398

Takahashi, Noriko; Takada, Yukyo; Okuno, Osamu

2008-03-01

307

Festival de Teatro de Naciones en Santiago de Chile  

E-print Network

: un poeta dialoga con el poder con 102 LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW gracia infinita como durante el VII Festival de Cdiz fueron los encuentros con Eduardo Galeano o las lecturas de barricada en las que Jos Manuel Castan, tambin un personaje... Ta Norica, dirigidos por Pepe Bable, recrean con sus muecos estos Autos . . . con 104 LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW la belleza y el encanto de sus movimientos y la gracia de sus improvisaciones. Al fin, la Ta Norica realiz su primera...

Boudet, Rosa Ileana

1993-10-01

308

Atlas y Libro Rojo de la Flora Vascular Amenazada de Espaa LENTIBULARIACEAE  

E-print Network

aguas poco profundas y general- mente aparecen cerca de las orillas de estanques y lagunas. Agrostis stolonifera, Anagallis tenella, Fuirena pubescens, Juncus acutiflorus subsp. rugo- sus, Ludwidgia palustris

Herrera, Carlos M.

309

Effect of stainless steel chemical composition on brazing ability of filler metal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many kinds of stainless steel have been used in the engineering field. So it is necessary to investigate the effect of SUS chemical compositions on the brazing ability of filler metal. In this study, SUS315J containing Cr, Ni, Si, Cu, and Mo was employed as a base metal. Excellent spreading ability of the molten nickel-based brazing filler on SUS315J was obtained as compared with that on SUS316. Copper and silicon influenced the significant spreading ability of the filler.

Miyazawa, Yasuyuki; Ohta, Kei; Nishiyama, Akira

2014-08-01

310

4-H and the Community (Spanish)  

E-print Network

las ?reas en las comunidades en donde otras organizaciones ofrecen sus servicios. El ?xito atrae m?s ?xito y sus esfuerzos de dar publicidad a su programa generalmente le facilitar? obtener el apoyo comunitario. Referencia: Esta publicaci?n es una... las ?reas en las comunidades en donde otras organizaciones ofrecen sus servicios. El ?xito atrae m?s ?xito y sus esfuerzos de dar publicidad a su programa generalmente le facilitar? obtener el apoyo comunitario. Referencia: Esta publicaci?n es una...

Howard, Jeff W.

2005-05-10

311

Three Essays In Environmental And Agricultural Economics  

E-print Network

Reservoir Sedimentation Handbook, Design and Management of dams,reservoir sedimentation and sus- tainable management of dams,Sedimentation Removal and Sustainability of Reservoirs Sustainability of dam

Poudel, Biswo Nath

2010-01-01

312

Oecologia (1991) 86:594-597 9 Springer-Verlag 1991  

E-print Network

species native to Red Butte Canyon, Utah, USA: Acer negundo , Artemisia tridentata, Chrysothamnus (Artemisia tridentata and Chrysothamnus nauseo- sus). Since juvenile and reproductive size classes of all

Ehleringer, Jim

313

Introducer needles of peripheral intravenous catheters: assessment of magnetic field interactions with 1.5T and 3T MR systems.  

PubMed

We developed a peripheral intravenous catheter introducer that can be used safely in the magnetic resonance (MR) environment, including that at 3.0-tesla. We evaluated introducers with stainless steel (SUS 316L) and nickel-chromium-based (inconel 600) needles as well as a 20-gauge peripheral intravenous catheter introducer with SUS 304 needle for MR safety. From an MR safety standpoint, the SUS 304 should not be selected, and though inconel 600 is the preferred material, the SUS 316L introducer may be more practical with some modifications. PMID:20035127

Sakai, Mio; Aoki, Shigeki; Watanabe, Yasushi; Tanabe, Daisaku; Taga, Takashi; Inoue, Yusuke; Ohtomo, Kuni; Nakamura, Hironobu

2009-01-01

314

Magnetic properties of the austenitic stainless steels at cryogenic temperatures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The magnetization was measured for the austenitic stainless steel of SUS304, SUS304L, SUS316, and SUS316L with the temperature from 5K to 300K and the magnetic field from 0T to 10T. The field dependences of the magnetizations changed at about 0.7T and 4T. The dependence was analyzed with ranges of 0-0.5T, 1-3T, and 5-10T. There was not so much difference between

T. Kobayashi; S. Kobayashi; K. Itoh; K. Tsuchiya

2002-01-01

315

Semirido: un desafo para la CienciaSemirido: un desafo para la Ciencia del Suelodel Suelo  

E-print Network

Semiárido: un desafío para la CienciaSemiárido: un desafío para la Ciencia del Suelodel Suelo 13 al(SL), Argentina DIFERENTES USOS DEL SUELO: CONSECUENCIAS SOBRE BALANCE HÍDRICO Y DRENAJE PROFUNDO EN ZONAS aguas y suelos. ¿Se desarrollan procesos similares ante el reciente avance de la agricultura sobre los

Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

316

Humor in Castellanos's El eterno femenino: The Fractured Female Image  

E-print Network

the hair dryer. The salesman who attaches the dream- gadget to the dryers explains their purpose: "cuando se descubri que el aburrimiento o el sueo eran slo transitorios y que podan tener otras 82 LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW consecuencias... examines different aspects of Lupita's subconscious. In act one, which we will examine in detail later, Lupita's dream spans a woman's life from her honeymoon through old age. In act two, Lupita's dream unfolds in a wax museum that is part of a circus...

McNab, Pamela J.

2000-04-01

317

A S O C I A C I N A S O C I A C I N A S O C I A C I N A S O C I A C I N ACTUANDO A TRAVS  

E-print Network

. La evolución de los recursos de agua, el desarrollo agrícola subsahariano, la utilización de la atención y, de manera más particular, los programas vinculados con el agua. Por una parte, se siguen del agua y del medio ambiente y un equipo de sismólogos del Instituto intervino a consecuencia del

318

A two-step resource allocation in multiuser OFDM-based cognitive radio systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of fair and efficient algorithms for resource allocation to secondary users (SUs) is one of the key issues in the design of cognitive radio (CR) systems. In this paper, we present a two-step resource allocation solution for multiuser based CR systems employing orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM). The solution allocates the subcarriers to SUs in the first step, considering

Xu Mao; Pengbo Si; Hong Ji; Victor C. M. Leung

2010-01-01

319

Multimodal model integration for sentence unit detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we adopt a direct modeling approach to utilize conversational gesture cues in detecting sentence boundaries, called SUs, in video taped conversations. We treat the detection of SUs as a classification task such that for each inter-word boundary, the classifier decides whether there is an SU boundary or not. In addition to gesture cues, we also utilize prosody

Mary P. Harper; Elizabeth Shriberg

2004-01-01

320

Get cash 24 x 7 at ATMs worldwide Make purchases anywhere Visa  

E-print Network

esperar a que se emita su cheque No es necesario hacer fila para cobrar sus cheques ES C?MODO. Obtenga su robados No es necesario hacer fila para cobrar sus cheques No se requiere verificación de crédito En lugar

321

An Indirect Reciprocity Game Theoretic Framework for Dynamic Spectrum Access  

E-print Network

reciprocity game is a new paradigm to stimulate cooperation among cognitive nodes. However, the framework (BS) by stimulating cooperation between primary users (PUs) and secondary users (SUs). We model the cooperation stimulation problem as an indirect reciprocity game, where SUs help PUs relay information and gain

Liu, K. J. Ray

322

Tratado de Derecho Civil. Introduccin a la responsabilidad  

Microsoft Academic Search

Esta introduccin general a la responsabilidad presenta, en primer lugar, la evolucin del derecho de la responsabilidad civil y sus orientaciones actuales, as como los debates relativos a sus funciones, a su fundamento, y a su lugar entre los diferentes sistemas de indemnizacin. En segundo lugar, se tratan las dos grandes distinciones que dominan la materia entre responsabilidad civil y

Genevine Viney

323

Boletn del Instituto Nacional del Cncer - 4 de diciembre de 2012  

Cancer.gov

Los pacientes con cncer avanzado que hablaron con sus mdicos sobre su cuidado durante sus ltimos das de vida en las etapas ms tempranas de la enfermedad, recibieron un cuidado menos agresivo en su ltimo mes de vida. Asimismo, tuvieron una probabilidad menor de usar servicios para enfermos terminales, segn indican los resultados de un nuevo estudio.

324

A Bayesian Game Analysis of Emulation Attacks in Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dynamic spectrum access has proposed tiering radios into two groups: Primary Users (PUs) and Secondary Users (SUs). PUs are assumed to have reserved spectrum available to them, while SUs (operating in overlay mode) must share whatever spectrum is available. The threat of emulation attacks, in which users pretend to be of a type they are not (either PU or SU)

Ryan W. Thomas; Ramakant S. Komali; Brett J. Borghetti; P. Mahonen

2010-01-01

325

JOURNALDE PHYSIQUE IV Colloque C8, supplBmentau Journal de Physique 111,Volume 6, dCcembre 1996  

E-print Network

-called 18-8 stainless s t e e l ; therefore, a martensitic transformation takes place in this steel more Internal Friction of Metastable Austenitic Stainless Steel SUS 301 I. Yoshida Department of Materials frequency range have ken made on a nickel reduced type metastable austenitic stainless steel SUS 301. Cold

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

326

Movilidad ocupacional de los inmigrantes en una economa de bajas cualificaciones. El caso de Espaa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Esta investigacin analiza la movilidad ocupacional de los inmigrantes entre sus pases de origen y Espaa, as como sus principales determinantes. La misma se basa en los microdatos de la Encuesta Nacional de Inmigrantes y el uso de una escala de estatus ocupacional de carcter internacional (ISEI). La evidencia muestra que, por lo general, los inmigrantes sufren una fuerte degradacin

Hiplito Simn; Raul Ramos; Esteban Sanrom

2010-01-01

327

Issues papers. Second Annual Conference  

Microsoft Academic Search

Los pases de Amrica Latina y el Caribe se encuentran actualmente frente a una coyuntura importante en sus relaciones econmicas internacionales. Desde fines de la dcada de 1980 los pases de la regin han seguido un proceso de reforma econmica y de apertura que conlleva cambios radicales en sus respectivas economas domsticas y en su integracin con la economa mundial.

2005-01-01

328

Issues papers : Third Annual Conference  

Microsoft Academic Search

Los pases de Amrica Latina y el Caribe se encuentran actualmente frente a una coyuntura importante en sus relaciones econmicas internacionales. Desde fines de la dcada de 1980 los pases de la regin han seguido un proceso de reforma econmica y de apertura que conlleva cambios radicales en sus respectivas economas domsticas y en su integracin con la economa mundial.

2006-01-01

329

Jeunes : les stigmatisations de l'apparence  

Microsoft Academic Search

[spa] Jvenes: las estigmatizaciones de la apariencia . . Hay personas que pueden tener el sentimiento que, en ciertas ocasiones de sus relaciones sociales, se ha atentado a sus derechos 0 su dignidad. Los jovenes se . distinguen claramente de los mayores a este respecto. Su sensibilidad a diferentes formas de ostracismo es mas aguda que la de los adultos,

Olivier Galland

2006-01-01

330

National Aeronautics and Space Administration www.nasa.gov  

E-print Network

ALA EN FLECHA VARIABLE : 1960 -1970 14 DESPEGUE Y ATERRIZAJE CORTO (STOL, por sus siglas en inglés) : 1950 -1990 12 ALETAS H v : 1970 -1980 15 DESPEGUE Y ATERRIZAJE VERTICAL/CORTO (V/STOL, por sus siglas

331

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (pulmonologist's point of view)  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN La displasia broncopulmonar describe los trastornos respiratorios crnicos asociados primariamente con el nacimiento prematuro y sus tratamientos. Su definicin, factores de riesgo, caractersticas radiolgicas y patolgicas han evolucionado con el tiempo, debido a los cambios en los cuidados de los recin nacidos prematuros. Sus caractersticas clnicas involucran no slo al sistema respiratorio sino tambin al cardiovascular, gastrointestinal y al

Carlos E. Sabogal Rosas; Isaac Talmaciu

2008-01-01

332

Notadeprensa INTECO busca 20 expertos en ciberseguridad  

E-print Network

objetivo de incrementar sus capacidades de detección y reacción ante las amenazas emergentes en Internet que pondrá a prueba los conocimientos de hacking de los candidatos. Además de acreditar sus

Escolano, Francisco

333

Interview no. 392  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nacido en Chihuahua; padre trabajo en Ferrocarriles de Mexico; educado en Chihuahua, estudios de Contabilidad; 1956 viene a Estados Unidos con su esposa e hijos y obtiene la residencia; su miseria lo trajo a Estados Unidos; como arreglo sus papeles; sus trabajos, problemas que afronto, discriminacion; trabajo en Hortex; opina acerca de la union (1967) y el departamento de personal;

Oscar Saenz

1979-01-01

334

Pricing-based Spectrum Access Control in Cognitive Radio Networks with Random Access  

E-print Network

" in the spectrum white space, and to enable spectrum sharing for secondary users (SUs). One challenge is how SUs of PUs. I. INTRODUCTION Cognitive radio (CR) is expected to capture temporal and spatial "spectrum holes can discover spectrum holes and access them efficiently and fairly, without causing interference

Tan, Chee Wei

335

IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 30, NO. 11, DECEMBER 2012 2251 Non-Cooperative Spectrum Access  

E-print Network

) choose to either acquire dedicated spectrum or to use spectrum-holes (white spaces) which belong. An example illustrating Secondary Users (SUs) utilizing white spaces (also known as spectrum holes organizations. Under the basic model of CR networks [10], Secondary Users (SUs) can use white spaces

Jagannathan, Krishna

336

Division of Students Affairs and Learning Development  

E-print Network

1(5) Division of Students Affairs and Learning Development Orientation program at SLU Uppsala and Learning Development (SUS) 12:00 Lunch on your own 13:00 Student rights and obligation Room O Per Edenhamn, SUS 13:30 Equal Treatment of students and the Discrimination Act & Disability help Room O Ylva Eklind

337

Los soles truncos en el Teatro Tapia  

E-print Network

de sus sueos irrealizables. Gilda Galn, como Ins, la hermana fea, es la nica que se enfrenta con el mundo de afuera. Iris Martnez, como Emilia la soadora, vivifica sus sueos en el mundo de un pasado imaginario o de su poesa conservada en el...

Frankenthaler, Marilyn R.

1977-10-01

338

Departmental Residency Requirement: At least 24 hours of computer science coursework must be completed  

E-print Network

taken at any Florida State University System (SUS) institution or Florida State or community college of Arts degree from a Florida SUS institution or Florida community college automatically satisfy the GEPDepartmental Residency Requirement: At least 24 hours of computer science coursework must

Stanley, Kenneth O.

339

IEEE Wireless Communications February 2014 331536-1284/14/$25.00 2014 IEEE MOBILE SOCIAL NETWORKS  

E-print Network

. Security and privacy are not difficult to solve because the ISPs are fully trusted by the SUs. In addition: The GPS chips detect the location coordinates of the SUs, who then report the coordinates to the ISPs for downloading the information related to local services. However, it raises a serious privacy issue

Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

340

Headcount versus Full-Time-Equivalent Enrollment: What's the Difference? Information Brief. Volume 3, Issue 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most common questions asked about the State University System (SUS) is "What is enrollment within the SUS?" The answer to the question will depend on how and when enrollment is counted. This information brief is an effort to provide an easily accessible, written explanation of the principal methods of measuring enrollment and how they

Florida Board of Governors, State University System, 2006

2006-01-01

341

ARTES Y HUMANIDADES Lenguas Modernas, Cultura y  

E-print Network

ARTES Y HUMANIDADES Lenguas Modernas, Cultura y Comunicación (primera lengua: ESPA?OL) ITINERARIOS, Cultura y Comunicación ofrece una sólida formación en dos lenguas y aborda el conocimiento de estas lenguas, sus literaturas y sus culturas desde la perspectiva de la comunicación multilingüe. Con ello

Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

342

A Stackelberg Game for Cooperative Transmission and Random Access in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-print Network

A Stackelberg Game for Cooperative Transmission and Random Access in Cognitive Radio Networks, vincentw, vleung}@ece.ubc.ca Abstract-- In cognitive radio networks, the secondary users (SUs) can establish a model for cooperative cognitive radio networks with one PU and multiple SUs. We then propose

Wong, Vincent

343

Contract-Based Cooperative Spectrum Sharing  

E-print Network

Providing proper economic incentives is essential for the success of dynamic spectrum sharing. Cooperative spectrum sharing is one effective way to achieve this goal. In cooperative spectrum sharing, secondary users (SUs) relay traffics for primary users (PUs), in exchange for dedicated transmission time for the SUs' own communication needs. In this paper, we study the cooperative spectrum sharing under incomplete information, where SUs' types (capturing their heterogeneity in relay channel gains and evaluations of power consumptions) are private information and not known by PUs. Inspired by the contract theory, we model the network as a labor market. The single PU is the employer who offers a contract to the SUs. The contract consists of a set of contract items representing combinations of spectrum accessing time (i.e., reward) and relaying power (i.e., contribution). The SUs are employees, and each of them selects the best contract item to maximize his payoff. We study the optimal contract design for both w...

Duan, Lingjie; Huang, Jianwei

2011-01-01

344

Robust Distributed Power Control in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-print Network

We propose a robust distributed uplink power allocation algorithm for underlay cognitive radio networks (CRNs) with a view to maximizing the total utility of secondary users (SUs) when channel gains from SUs to primary base stations, and interference caused by primary users (PUs) to the SUs' base station are uncertain. In doing so, we utilize the worst-case robust optimization to keep the interference caused by SUs to each primary base station below a given threshold, and satisfy the SUs' quality of service for all realizations of uncertainty. We model each uncertain parameter by a bounded distance between its estimated and exact values, and formulate the robust power allocation problem via protection values for constraints. We demonstrate that the convexity of our problem is preserved, and in some cases converts into a geometric programming problem, which we solve via a distributed algorithm by using Lagrange dual decomposition. To reduce the cost of robustness, defined as the reduction in the total utility ...

fard, Saeideh Parsaei

2011-01-01

345

Clinical, paraclinical and serological findings in Susac syndrome: an international multicenter study  

PubMed Central

Background Susac syndrome (SuS) is a rare disorder thought to be caused by autoimmune-mediated occlusions of microvessels in the brain, retina and inner ear leading to central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction, visual disturbances due to branch retinal artery occlusions (BRAO), and hearing deficits. Recently, a role for anti-endothelial cell antibodies (AECA) in SuS has been proposed. Objectives To report the clinical and paraclinical findings in the largest single series of patients so far and to investigate the frequency, titers, and clinical relevance of AECA in SuS. Patients and methods A total of 107 serum samples from 20 patients with definite SuS, 5 with abortive forms of SuS (all with BRAO), and 70 controls were tested for AECA by immunohistochemistry employing primate brain tissue sections. Results IgG-AECA >1:100 were detected in 25% (5/20) of patients with definite SuS and in 4.3% (3/70) of the controls. Median titers were significantly higher in SuS (1:3200, range 1:100 to 1:17500) than in controls (1:100, range 1:10 to 1:320); IgG-AECA titers >1:320 were exclusively present in patients with SuS; three controls had very low titers (1:10). Follow-up samples (n?=?4) from a seropositive SuS patient obtained over a period of 29months remained positive at high titers. In all seropositive cases, AECA belonged to the complement-activating IgG1 subclass. All but one of the IgG-AECA-positive samples were positive also for IgA-AECA and 45% for IgM-AECA. SuS took a severe and relapsing course in most patients and was associated with bilateral visual and hearing impairment, a broad panel of neurological and neuropsychological symptoms, and brain atrophy in the majority of cases. Seropositive and seronegative patients did not differ with regard to any of the clinical or paraclinical parameters analyzed. Conclusions SuS took a severe and protracted course in the present cohort, resulting in significant impairment. Our finding of high-titer IgG1 and IgM AECA in some patients suggest that humoral autoimmunity targeting the microvasculature may play a role in the pathogenesis of SuS, at least in a subset of patients. Further studies are warranted to define the exact target structures of AECA in SuS. PMID:24606999

2014-01-01

346

Fretting corrosion resistance and fretting corrosion product cytocompatibility of ferritic stainless steel.  

PubMed

To avoid nickel ion release from SUS317L as an implant material, a new type of nickel, commercially free, of high purity, and high chromium ferritic stainless steel, was developed. The new stainless steel (FJ) was studied for aspects of fretting corrosion and cytocompatibility compared with SUS317L. A pin-on-plate fretting corrosion test in an artificial physiologic solution, and cell culture in media with the addition of the artificial physiologic solution used for fretting was conducted. Resistance to the fretting induced crevice corrosion of FJ was higher than that of SUS317L because of the favorable electrochemical stability of the FJ alloy. The amount of iron ion or colloidal fine particles released from FJ was about a quarter of that from SUS317L, although the weight loss of a pin of FJ was almost 5/3 that of SUS317L. The artificial physiologic solution used for SUS317L fretting was more harmful to the growth of L929 and MC3T3-E1 cells than that used for FJ fretting. FJ was therefore superior to SUS317L as a biomaterial, judging from the resistance to fretting-induced crevice corrosion, electrochemical stability, and the cytocompatibility of fretting corrosion products. PMID:8978647

Xulin, S; Ito, A; Tateishi, T; Hoshino, A

1997-01-01

347

Effect of cold-work on the radiation-induced deformation of austenitic stainless steels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Austenitic stainless steels will be used in ITER as a major structural material. Although, initially supplied in annealed condition, cold-working is inevitable during construction or operation. Martensite would be introduced by cold-work in the case of unstabilized stainless steels. In this study, the effect of cold-work on the irradiation creep was examined under 17 MeV proton irradiation (2 10 -7 dpa/s) at 288 C for stabilized (SUS 316L) and unstabilized (SUS 304) stainless steels. Radiation-induced stress relaxation was also evaluated using the creep data. The stress dependence of irradiation creep was different for the two steels; linear for SUS 316L and quadratic for SUS 304. This difference would influence the stress relaxation, which is faster in SUS 316L. The behavior of SUS 316L is consistent with computer simulation for evenly distributed network dislocations, while that of SUS 304 appears to originate from the dislocations localized in the vicinity of martensite boundaries.

Nagakawa, Johsei; Ueno, K.; Murase, Y.; Yamamoto, N.

2007-08-01

348

[Market and public policy network failures: challenges and possibilities for the Brazilian Unified Health System].  

PubMed

The principles and guidelines of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) impose a healthcare service structure based on public policy networks which, combined with the financing model adopted, leads to market failings. This imposes barriers to the management of the public health system and the enactment of SUS objectives. The institutional characteristics and the heterogeneity of players, allied to the existence of different healthcare approaches, generate analytical complexity in the study of the global dynamics of the SUS network. There are limitations in the use of quantitative methods based on static analysis of retrospective SUS data. Thus, an approach taking SUS as a complex system using innovative quantitative methodology based on computational simulation is proposed. This paper sought to analyze challenges and possibilities of the combined application of cellular automata modeling and agent-based modeling for simulation of the evolution of the SUS healthcare service network. This approach should permit better understanding of the organization, heterogeneity and structural dynamics of the SUS service network and a minimization of the effects of market failings on the Brazilian health system. PMID:23175305

Pinheiro Filho, Francisco Percival; Sarti, Flvia Mori

2012-11-01

349

Multifunctional Nutrient-Binding Proteins Adapt Human Symbiotic Bacteria for Glycan Competition in the Gut by Separately Promoting Enhanced Sensing and Catalysis  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT To compete for the dynamic stream of nutrients flowing into their ecosystem, colonic bacteria must respond rapidly to new resources and then catabolize them efficiently once they are detected. The Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron starch utilization system (Sus) is a model for nutrient acquisition by symbiotic gut bacteria, which harbor thousands of related Sus-like systems. Structural investigation of the four Sus outer membrane proteins (SusD, -E, -F, and -G) revealed that they contain a total of eight starch-binding sites that we demonstrated, using genetic and biochemical approaches, to play distinct roles in starch metabolism in vitro and in vivo in gnotobiotic mice. SusD, whose homologs are abundant in the human microbiome, is critical for the initial sensing of available starch, allowing sus transcriptional activation at much lower concentrations than without this function. In contrast, seven additional binding sites across SusE, -F, and -G are dispensable for sus activation. However, they optimize the rate of growth on starch in a manner dependent on the expression of the bacterial polysaccharide capsule, suggesting that they have evolved to offset the diffusion barrier created by this structure. These findings demonstrate how proteins with similar biochemical behavior can serve orthogonal functions during different stages of cellular adaptation to nutrients. Finally, we demonstrated in gnotobiotic mice fed a starch-rich diet that the Sus binding sites confer a competitive advantage to B. thetaiotaomicron in vivo in a manner that is dependent on other colonizing microbes. This study reveals how numerically dominant families of carbohydrate-binding proteins in the human microbiome fulfill separate and sometimes cooperative roles to optimize gut commensal bacteria for nutrient acquisition. PMID:25205092

Cameron, Elizabeth A.; Kwiatkowski, Kurt J.; Lee, Byung-Hoo; Hamaker, Bruce R.; Koropatkin, Nicole M.

2014-01-01

350

Project Selection - Record Keeping (Spanish)  

E-print Network

4-H 3-5.212S 4/05 18 U.S.C. 707 Los miembros de 4-H cuentan con muchas ?reas de inter?s entre las que pueden escoger para realizar proyectos, seg?n donde viven. Al seleccionar un proyecto, los j?venes deben de consultar con sus padres y sus l...?deres de 4-H. Tambi?n deben considerar lo siguiente: La selecci?n y los registros de proyectos 4-H ? Sus intereses, necesidades y habilidades personales ? Su situaci?n familiar ? Los costos del proyecto ? La adaptabilidad del proyecto al ?rea en donde...

Howard, Jeff W.

2005-05-10

351

An analysis of the performance of certification schemes in the hotel sector in terms of CO2 emissions reduction.  

E-print Network

occasions and to Finin and Gregory who have helped in many ways. Thank you to all. All my love goes to my treasured children Saorse and ke who have navigated every twist and turn of this journey with me. Thank you for the years of happiness, laughter... database (SUS carbon copy of HER)..4 1 1 5.1F Data extracted from Scandi c Utility Systems (SUS) 4 1 2 5.1G Extract of SUS Data inputted to authors excel file database .4 1 4 5.1H Key findings...

Houlihan-Wiberg, Aoife Anne-marie

2010-07-18

353

Estudio terico de la desorcin de Na y K de SiO2 estimulada por la accin de fotones o electrones  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Se ha estudiado el mecanismo de generacin de sodio y potasio atmico a partir de muestras de SiO2 utilizando clculos basados tanto en la teora del funcional de la densidad como en mtodos post-Hartree Fock, as como en el mtodo de cluster para modelar el slido. Como consecuencia del estudio se han propuesto distintos caminos posibles para la desorcin, estimulada por la accin de fotones o electrones, de sodio y potasio desde el xido de silicio, proporcionando por lo tanto una explicacin a la atmsfera tenue de sodio y potasio de La Luna.

Domnguez Ariza, D.; Lpez, N.; Illas, F.; Pacchioni, G.; Madey, T. E.

354

Boletn del Instituto Nacional del Cncer  

Cancer.gov

No se puede negar que vivimos en una comunidad global, en la que los eventos de una ciudad o pas pueden tener graves consecuencias para los residentes de otra ciudad o pas a miles de kilmetros de distancia. Ya sea la pandemia del virus H1N1, los recientes disturbios en Irn o la recesin econmica mundial, es evidente que esta interconectividad trae consigo retos importantes. Pero tambin puede crear oportunidades sin precedentes, en particular aquellas que podran mejorar sustancialmente la salud pblica.

355

Indigenous Resource Management and Environmental Contamination  

E-print Network

), wild forest reindeer 27 (Rangifer tarundus, same as American caribou), brown bear (Ursus arctos, same as American grizzly and brown bears), wild boar (Sus scrofa, same as domestic pigs also introduced into much of the US), and squirrel (similar...

Holder, Stanley Richard

2008-07-28

356

Boletn del Instituto Nacional del Cncer - 22 de mayo de 2012  

Cancer.gov

Le invitamos a que comparta esta publicacin con sus amigos, familiares y colegas y nos ayude a continuar nuestra misin de difundir las investigaciones ms recientes sobre la prevencin, el tratamiento y la informacin del cncer.

357

Applied Soil Ecology 17 (2001) 239251 The mycorrhizal soil infectivity and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal  

E-print Network

components of sus- tainable soil­plant systems (e.g. Bethlenfalvay and Linderman, 1992; Hooker and Black) symbiosis include (i) increased plant uptake not only of low mobility min- erals such as phosphorus (Bolan

Thioulouse, Jean

358

Los discursos del miedo en la prensa uruguaya  

Microsoft Academic Search

A fines de julio de 2002 el Uruguay sufre una de sus peores crisis financieras, econmicas y sociales. Reprogramaciones de las cuentas bancarias, tanto de instituciones privadas como del Estado, supuestos saqueos por \\

Mara ngela Giaimo

359

La Novela Costarricense  

E-print Network

campesinos borrachos en la taberna pueblerina* Durante la Misa, el cura del lugar habla sobre cosas inconsecuentes para sus rsticos feligreses, quienes convierten la festividad religiosa n motivo de orga alcohlica, participando en ella hasta los nios...

Solera, Rodrigo

1964-01-01

360

DOI: 10.1126/science.1105776 , 1621 (2005);307Science  

E-print Network

of the New Guinea pigs with Sus celebensis (the indigenous Sulawesi wild boar, also found on offshore islands independent invasions of wild boar onto Sulawesi, a pattern identical to that reported for other Sulawesi

Przulj, Natasa

361

[CT scanners in the Brazilian Unified National Health System: installed capacity and utilization].  

PubMed

This study analyzes the supply and use of computed tomography scanners (CT) in the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) according to State and administrative levels in the year 2009. Secondary data were used to estimate the installed CT capacity in public healthcare facilities and in private services outsourced by the SUS and calculated the rate of utilization. Average national CT utilization was less than 10%. The public sector showed lower CT use than the private sector outsourced by the SUS. The number of CT tests in the SUS was less than half the number produced in developed countries. The results thus suggest the need for further studies on management practices with high-technology equipment in order to improve allocation of current and future public resources in supplying CT tests. PMID:25099052

Santos, Diana Lima Dos; Leite, Handerson Jorge Dourado; Rasella, Davide; Silva, Sebastio Antonio Loureiro de Souza E

2014-06-01

362

Florida Field Naturalist 38(3):99-105, 2010. USE OF SUPPLEMENTAL NORTHERN BOBWHITE  

E-print Network

(Odocoileus virginianus), raccoons (Procyon lotor), feral hogs (Sus scrofa), nine-banded ar- madillos (Dasypus to feeders include songbirds, rodents, and raccoons (Procyon lotor). Deer and doves have also been noted

Oli, Madan K.

363

Arms and the Man y El hroe galopante: La desmitificacin del heroismo  

E-print Network

natural history.5 Su mtodo dramtico consiste pues en hacer que sus protagonistas parezcan ridculos cuando se comportan idealsticamente y simpticos cuando actan con naturalidad. En Raina, prometida de Sergius que acaba por casarse con Bluntschli...

Rodrí guez-Seda, Asela

1976-04-01

364

L. monocytogenes, a Gram-positive bac-terium, causes a wide range of diseases,  

E-print Network

genetic linkage analysis of susceptibility to infectious diseases like listeriosis is difficult due several described mendelian and polygenic differences in sus- ceptibility to listeriosis4,5 and are easier

Broman, Karl W.

365

Spontaneous Social Networks DIPLOMARBEIT  

E-print Network

are demonstrated by a number of example applications. The Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP of the System Usability Scale (SUS). Furthermore, the suitability of XMPP and the scalability and privacy

366

Tomografa computarizada (TC) y exploraciones para cncer  

Cancer.gov

Hoja informativa que describe el procedimiento y la tecnologa de exploraciones con tomografa computarizada as como sus usos para el diagnstico, para exmenes de deteccin y para tratamiento del cncer.

367

La UA aparece por primera vez entre las 200 mejores universidades del mundo en materia de Qumica  

E-print Network

supone un reconocimiento a la labor realizada por la instituci�n y en concreto por sus investigadores dentro de esta �rea", apunta Enrique Herrero, director del Secretariado de Investigaci�n. En concreto

Escolano, Francisco

368

EMBO reports VOL 9 | NO 8 | 2008 2008 EUROPEAN MOLECULAR BIOLOGY ORGANIZATION714 analysisanalysis  

E-print Network

Tropical travel medicine A growing interest in tropical medicine reflects the increasing incidence at the Bernhard Nocht Institute for tropical medicine in Hamburg,Germany, commented: "Although you would sus- pect

Davis, Richard E.

369

ESCUELAS 2011-2012SERVICIO DE EDUCACION FISICA Y DEPORTES ESCUELA DESCRIPCION CREDITOS NIVELES COMO INSCRIBIRME?  

E-print Network

personas que quieren mantener un adecuado tono muscular. 2 ?nico Hip Hop /Funky Estilo de baile que hace contacto en el que los contrincantes utilizan únicamente sus puños con guantes. Break Dance Danza urbana

Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

370

Golden eagles, feral pigs, and insular carnivores: How exotic species turn native predators into prey  

E-print Network

involving an exotic species, the feral pig (Sus scrofa), an apex predator, the golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), and two endemic carnivores, the island fox (Urocyon littoralis) and island spotted skunk

Courchamp, Franck

371

108 CHRISTOPHER HOOKWAY Kyburg, H. 1978. Subjective probability, Journal of Philosophical Logic 7,  

E-print Network

. De Finetti rejects it. Savage toys with it, but decides against it. I.J.Good (1965) and E. T. Jaynes probabilities. The worst sus- picion that has been voiced about higher order probabilities is that they lead

Fitelson, Branden

372

Performance Evaluation of HARP: a Hierarchical Asynchronous Replication Protocol for Large Scale Systems  

E-print Network

Performance Evaluation of HARP: a Hierarchical Asynchronous Replication Protocol for Large Scale evaluates the performance of HARP, a hierarchical replication protocol based on nodes organised resulting from using synchronous ver­ sus asynchronous operations within HARP under different system

Haddadi, Hamed

373

caregiver-spanish.epub  

Cancer.gov

No existen reacciones correctas ni incorrectas. Cada persona es diferente. Dese tiempo para pensar en sus emociones. Es importante entender y aceptar lo que siente. La meta es encontrar formas de sobrellevar las emociones que siente.

374

El cncer  

Cancer.gov

Informacin para mejorar sus conocimientos sobre el cncer, que incluye las formas de prevenir el cncer, la importancia de visitar al mdico regularmente y hacerse exmenes de deteccin, y las diferentes opciones de tratamiento disponibles.

375

28. W. W. Cochran, M. Wikelski, in Birds of Two Worlds, P. Marra, R. Greenberg, Eds. (Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore,  

E-print Network

with high silicic acid in the south and low silicic acid in the north, where diatom growth may be limited in Antarctic wa- ters, macronutrients are largely unused, and up- welled CO2 entering the atmosphere (1, 2) sus

Falkowski, Paul G.

376

'Oficios tiles': El teatro de Marcelo Ramos  

E-print Network

" al escribir novelas de porno light basadas en las aventuras de sus compaeros; Vero terminar robndoles los ahorros a los dems; Lorenzo, un chico "conflictuado" que quiere rebelarse contra su familia que pertenece a la alta burguesa argentina...

Graham-Jones, Jean

1999-04-01

377

La quimioterapia y usted: Apoyo para las personas con cncer  

Cancer.gov

Publicacin para personas que van a recibir o que ya estn recibiendo quimioterapia contra el cncer. Contiene informacin sobre la quimioterapia y sus efectos secundarios y describe cmo puede cuidarse durante y despus del tratamiento.

378

53 WILDLIFE BIOLOGY 6:1 (2000) Using cast antler characteristics to profile quality of white-tailed  

E-print Network

to control pop- ulation density and maintain herd viability for sus- tained sport-hunting. Management goals are usually achieved with the aid of hunting regulations tailored for the specific climate, habitat and herd

Ditchkoff, Steve

379

MFR PAPER 1353 B,lue Crab Larval Culture  

E-print Network

juveniles, and 5) pollution ofestuarine areas where juveniles feed. Closed system larval rearing offers in a group of 400 individuals maintained in compartmented plastic boxes sus- pended in glass aquaria

380

Resultados de pruebas de laboratorio  

Cancer.gov

Hoja informativa que describe la funcin de las pruebas de laboratorio en la deteccin y diagnstico de enfermedades. Incluye una lista de las pruebas regulares que se usan en oncologa y trata brevemente de cmo se interpretan sus resultados.

381

An Approach to the Study of Environmental Microbial Aerosols.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Environmental microbial aerosols are formed by processes such as wastewater treatment. The significance of these aerosols to human populations is dependent upon the concentration and type of microorganisms contained therein and upon the probability of sus...

K. F. Fannin

1982-01-01

382

Roberto J. Payr y el teatro argentino de principios de siglo: Bibliografa general puesta al da  

E-print Network

espaoles en que se basa, deba su magro sustento a diferentes manipulaciones de corto vuelo, y los finos relatos costumbristas reunidos en los Cuentos de Pago chico (1908) y Nuevos cuentos de Pago chico (1928). Muchas de sus contribuciones periodsticas...

Szmetan, Ricardo

2000-04-01

383

COMPARISON OF SCANNING ELECTRON AND ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY OF SURFACE FINISHES ON STAINLESS STEEL THAT REDUCE BACTERIAL ATTACHMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

Bacteria adhere to food products and processing surfaces that can cross-contaminate other products and work surfaces (Arnold, 1998). Using materials for food processing surfaces that are resistant to bacterial contamination could enhance food safety. Stainless steel, although sus...

384

La radioterapia y usted: Apoyo para las personas con cncer  

Cancer.gov

Publicacin para personas que van a recibir o que ya estn recibiendo radioterapia contra el cncer. Contiene informacin sobre la radioterapia y sus efectos secundarios y describe cmo puede cuidarse durante y despus del tratamiento.

385

Building links with partners and FP7 Proposal Writing  

E-print Network

Technology Platform ­ SNETP Sustainable Chemistry ­ SusChem Water Supply and Sanitation Technology Platform Farm Animal Breeding and Reproduction Technology Platform Food for Life ­ Food Forest based sector

Royal Holloway, University of London

386

Effects of alloying elements on defect structures in the incubation period for void swelling in austenitic stainless steels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Positron lifetime measurements were used to study the effects of alloying elements on the defect structure during the incubation period for void swelling in several fcc model alloys. Pure Ni, four model alloys (Fe-Cr-Ni, Fe-Cr-Ni-Mo-Mn, Fe-Cr-Ni-Mo-Mn-Si and Fe-Cr-Ni-Mo-Mn-Si-Ti), and four commercial alloys (SUS316LSS, SUS316SS, SUS304SS and Ti added modified SUS316SS) were irradiated with electrons and neutrons. Even at 363 and 573 K to a dose of 0.2 dpa, an effect of alloying elements was observed. At 363 K irradiation, voids were formed only in Ni and Fe-Cr-Ni. At 573 K irradiation, voids were formed in Ni and all model alloys, though the concentration depended on the alloying elements. In commercial alloys, precipitates were formed instead of vacancy clusters, which prevented void growth.

Horiki, M.; Yoshiie, T.; Huang, S. S.; Sato, K.; Cao, X. Z.; Xu, Q.; Troev, T. D.

2013-11-01

387

Las caractersticas ms fascinantes del nuevo Robot  

NASA Video Gallery

impresionante es la palabra que describe perfectamente al nuevo robot Curiosity por su tamao, sus instrumentos cientficos y la manera en que la NASA planifica hacerlo aterrizar en Marte de forma ...

388

Una cierta rareza  

E-print Network

, digamos, la Calavera Catrina, de Posada, o las obesidades de Botero. Son fascinantes porque son fascinantes, porque con alta exactitud nos ofrecen tangencialmente proposiciones extremosas de la sociedad y sus valores, del ser humano en algn lmite. La...

Carballido, Emilio

1992-10-01

389

http://adb.sagepub.com Adaptive Behavior  

E-print Network

of growth. Development is especially sus- ceptible to environmental influences, and its temporal unfolding or childhood, which in turn makes it very difficult to order the onset of different abilities with respect

Berthouze, Luc

390

Manuscrit de l'article publi dans l'Anthropologie (paris), Tome 93 (1989), n 1, pp. 293-298 -page 1 A PROPOS DE L'INTERSTADE WURMIEN DANS LE MASSIF CENTRAL  

E-print Network

, Châtelperron point (drawings of P. LAURENT). 2. Faune : M. BOULE avait déterminé les espèces suivantes : Equus caballus , Elephas primigenius , Cervus elaphus , Rangifer tarandus , Sus scrofa, Bos primigenius , Crocuta

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

391

Programa de CaPaCitaCin y eduCaCin en Seguridad y Salud Para trabajadoreS  

E-print Network

trabajar con seguridad con el ganado, necesitas entender a los animales. Hablemos de algunas cosas escape, el ganado volteará sus cuerpos de manera que puedan ver al trabajador. Las vacas son animales

Leistikow, Bruce N.

392

THE SOUTHWESTERN NATURALIST 43(4):462-468 DECEMBER 1998 GROWTH RATES OF JUVENILE NINE-BANDED ARMADILLOS  

E-print Network

crecimiento. Esto sugiere que los animales silves- tres nacieron mas tarde y crecieron mas rapido que sus contrapartes cautivos. Semejante a los datos de los animales cautivos, los cambios en la masa a largo plazo

Loughry, Jim

393

DEPARTAMENTO DE QUMICA Personal acadmico y temas de investigacin  

E-print Network

491/1 DEPARTAMENTO DE QUÍMICA Personal académico y temas de investigación Luis Alfonso Torres Gómez han crecido considerablemente debido a sus aplicaciones potenciales en computación, telecomunicaciones

394

Thse prsente en cotutelle pour obtenir les grades de : DOCTEUR DE L'COLE POLYTECHNIQUE  

E-print Network

Rapporteur Charles GOODWIN Professeur à l'University of California, Los Angeles Rapporteur Marjorie GOODWIN Cornejo, Charles Goodwin, Marjorie Goodwin y Darío Rodríguez, por sus muchos aportes, comentarios y

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

395

Channel Fragmentation in Dynamic Spectrum Access Systems -a Theoretical Study  

E-print Network

Radio Networks [2], Secondary Users (SUs) can use white spaces (also known as spectrum holes.robert,florian.simatos}@inria.fr ABSTRACT Dynamic Spectrum Access systems exploit temporarily avail- able spectrum (`white spaces') and can

Zussman, Gil

396

Curso Superior Universitario Neuromarketing y Ventas  

E-print Network

Curso Superior Universitario en Neuromarketing y Ventas conocemos con el nombre de neuromarketing. Esta evolución trajo consigo el desarrollo de un exitosamente a las organizaciones hacia sus metas. Sin duda, el neuromarketing trae consigo un

Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad

397

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-print Network

are various food products (mayonnaise, ketchup), cosmetics (cold cream, make up, hair gel, shaving foam), pastes (toothpaste), emulsions, foams, polymer gels (e.g. carbopol), sus- pensions (oil drilling fluids

Georgiou, Georgios

398

Pediatric Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus  

MedlinePLUS

Lichen sclerosuspronounced "LIKE-in skler-O-sus"is a skin disease that mainly involves the genital ... occurs in children, it is often called "Pediatric Lichen Sclerosus". Lichen sclerosus in young girls mainly involves ...

399

Boletn del Instituto Nacional del Cncer - 19 de julio de 2011  

Cancer.gov

Le invitamos a que comparta esta publicacin con sus amigos, familiares y colegas y nos ayude a continuar nuestra misin de difundir las investigaciones ms recientes sobre la prevencin, el tratamiento y la informacin del cncer.

400

Boletn del Instituto Nacional del Cncer - 24 de abril de 2012  

Cancer.gov

Le invitamos a que comparta esta publicacin con sus amigos, familiares y colegas y nos ayude a continuar nuestra misin de difundir las investigaciones ms recientes sobre la prevencin, el tratamiento y la informacin del cncer.

401

Boletn del Instituto Nacional del Cncer - 11 de octubre de 2011  

Cancer.gov

Le invitamos a que comparta esta publicacin con sus amigos, familiares y colegas y nos ayude a continuar nuestra misin de difundir las investigaciones ms recientes sobre la prevencin, el tratamiento y la informacin del cncer.

402

Attack Prevention for Collaborative Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-print Network

Collaborative spectrum sensing can significantly improve the detection performance of secondary unlicensed users (SUs). However, the performance of collaborative sensing is vulnerable to sensing data falsification attacks, where malicious SUs (attackers) submit manipulated sensing reports to mislead the fusion center's decision on spectrum occupancy. Moreover, attackers may not follow the fusion center's decision regarding their spectrum access. This paper considers a challenging attack scenario where multiple rational attackers overhear all honest SUs' sensing reports and cooperatively maximize attackers' aggregate spectrum utilization. We show that, without attack-prevention mechanisms, honest SUs are unable to transmit over the licensed spectrum, and they may further be penalized by the primary user for collisions due to attackers' aggressive transmissions. To prevent such attacks, we propose two novel attack-prevention mechanisms with direct and indirect punishments. The key idea is to identify collisions...

Duan, Lingjie; Huang, Jianwei; Shin, Kang G

2011-01-01

403

Distributed Multiuser Sequential Channel Sensing Schemes in Multichannel Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-print Network

Effective spectrum sensing strategies enable cognitive radios (CRs) to identify and opportunistically transmit on under-utilized spectral resources. In this paper, sequential channel sensing problems for single and multiple secondary users (SUs) cases are effectively modeled through finite state Markovian processes. More specifically, a model for single user case is introduced and validated through analytical analysis. In order to address multiple SUs, this model is extended to modified p-persistent access (MPPA) and its generalized version. While the introduced analytical framework facilitates the process of performance evaluation, these algorithms experience a high level of collision among the SUs. To mitigate this problem appropriately, p-persistent random access (PPRA) scheme is proposed, which offers higher average throughput for SUs by statistically distributing their loads among all channels. The structure and performance of the proposed schemes are discussed in detail, and a set of illustrative numeri...

Shokri-Ghadikolaei, Hossein; Nasiri-Kenari, Masoumeh

2012-01-01

404

La radioterapia y usted: Apoyo para las personas con cncer  

Cancer.gov

E-book para personas que van a recibir o que ya estn recibiendo radioterapia contra el cncer. Contiene informacin sobre la radioterapia y sus efectos secundarios y describe cmo puede cuidarse durante y despus del tratamiento.

405

Planificacin para la etapa final de la vida  

Cancer.gov

Informacin para pacientes, sus familiares y amigos sobre el cuidado del paciente terminal, la planificacin para el final de la vida, y la afliccin, el duelo y manejo de la prdida de un ser querido.

406

Boletn del Instituto Nacional del Cncer - 8 de noviembre de 2011  

Cancer.gov

Le invitamos a que comparta esta publicacin con sus amigos, familiares y colegas y nos ayude a continuar nuestra misin de difundir las investigaciones ms recientes sobre la prevencin, el tratamiento y la informacin del cncer.

407

Boletn del Instituto Nacional del Cncer - 27 de marzo de 2012  

Cancer.gov

Le invitamos a que comparta esta publicacin con sus amigos, familiares y colegas y nos ayude a continuar nuestra misin de difundir las investigaciones ms recientes sobre la prevencin, el tratamiento y la informacin del cncer.

408

LA NARRATIVA DE HCTOR TIZN: UNA LENGUA DE FRONTERA Leonor FLEMING  

E-print Network

predicamento por la calidad curativa de sus aguas y el atractivo de su vida social con un casino que que le había recomendado las aguas para un problema motriz en las piernas, ignorando posiblemente que

Boyer, Edmond

409

Know Your Rights: Domestic Violence  

MedlinePLUS

CONOZCA SUS DERECHOS La violencia domstica KNOW YOUR RIGHTS Domestic Violence For immediate help call National Domestic ... a factor in limiting or prohibiting the abusers rights to child custody or visitation privileges) Domestic violence ...

410

Cystic Fibrosis: Diet and Nutrition  

MedlinePLUS

... SIS-tik fy-BRO-sus) eat? mac 'n cheese hot dogs broccoli caramel apples all of the ... Calcium . Calcium helps build strong bones. Milk, yogurt, cheese, and calcium-fortified juices are rich in calcium. ...

411

S.L.E. Lupus Foundation  

MedlinePLUS

... Manhattan Queens Staten Island Multi-Cultural Programs Lupus Cooperative Helping Kids|Camp Sunshine Advocacy About Lupus Who ... Lupus y sus riones Lupus y la piel Cooperative Corner en Espaol Lupus Brochures Lupus News Foundation ...

412

The sucrose synthase gene family in Populus : structure, expression, and evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sucrose synthase is a key enzyme in sucrose metabolism in plant cells, and it is involved in the synthesis of cell wall cellulose.\\u000a Although the sucrose synthase gene (SUS) family in the model plants Arabidopsis thaliana has been characterized, little is known about this gene family in trees. This study reports the identification of two novel\\u000a SUS genes in the

Deqiang Zhang; Baohua Xu; Xiaohui Yang; Zhiyi Zhang; Bailian Li

2011-01-01

413

Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 2 and 3 modulate metabolic homeostasis and direct carbon towards starch synthesis in developing seeds.  

PubMed

Two genes encoding sucrose synthase (SUS), namely SUS2 (At5g49190) and SUS3 (At4g02280), are strongly and differentially expressed in Arabidopsis seed. Detailed biochemical analysis was carried out in developing seeds 9-21 days after flowering (DAF) of wild type and two knockouts. SUS2 and SUS3 are not redundant genes since single knockouts show a phenotype in developing seeds. The mutants had 30-50% less SUS activity and therefore accumulated 40% more sucrose and 50% less fructose at 15 DAF. This did not affect the hexose-P pool, but led to 30-70% less starch in embryo and seed coat. Lipids were 55% higher in both mutants at 9-15 DAF. It seems that sucrolysis via SUS is not required for oil or protein synthesis but rather for channeling carbon toward ADP-glucose and starch in seeds. Metabolite profiling with GC-TOF revealed specific downstream changes in primary metabolism as a consequence of signaling or regulatory fine-tuning. While sucrose increased, hexoses and specific amino acids decreased reciprocally. There was a developmental shift regarding an earlier timing of dry weight accumulation, germinative maturity, oil deposition, sugar levels, transient starch buildup, and protein storage. Nevertheless, final seed size and composition were unaltered due to an earlier cessation of growth, thus giving rise to an apparent silent phenotype of mature mutant seeds. We conclude that SUS is important for metabolite homeostasis and timing of seed development, and propose that an altered sucrose/hexose ratio can modify carbon partitioning and the pattern of storage compounds in Arabidopsis. PMID:20559653

Angeles-Nez, Juan Gabriel; Tiessen, Axel

2010-08-01

414

Effect of welding structure and ?-ferrite on fatigue properties for TIG welded austenitic stainless steels at cryogenic temperatures  

Microsoft Academic Search

High-cycle and low-cycle fatigue properties of base and weld metals for SUS304L and SUS316L and the effects of welding structure and ?-ferrite on fatigue properties were investigated at cryogenic temperatures in order to evaluate the long-life reliability of the structural materials to be used in liquid hydrogen supertankers and storage tanks and to develop a welding process for these applications.

Tetsumi Yuri; Toshio Ogata; Masahiro Saito; Yoshiaki Hirayama

2000-01-01

415

Effects of delta-ferrite and welding structure on high-cycle fatigue properties of austenitic stainless steels weld metals  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied the effects of delta-ferrite and welding structure on high-cycle fatigue properties for austenitic stainless steel weld metals at cryogenic temperatures. SUS304L and SUS316L weld metals contained 0% delta-ferrite (0% material) and 10% delta-ferrite (10% material) were prepared. High-cycle fatigue tests were carried out at 293, 77 and 4 K. The S-N curves of those weld metals shifted towards

T. Yuri; T. Ogata; M. Saito; Y. Hirayama

2002-01-01

416

Core reduction sequences from El-Masloukh, and Acheuleo-Yabrudian site in Lebanon  

E-print Network

vul pea yctereutes vinetorum Ursus arctos Ursus spelaeus rtes sp. eles males elis silvestris elis chaus no data available Kolpochoerus evronensis Camelus sp. Sus scrvfa Cervus elaphus Hemibos Hyaena hyaena Crocuta crocuta Mammuthus pri... vul pea yctereutes vinetorum Ursus arctos Ursus spelaeus rtes sp. eles males elis silvestris elis chaus no data available Kolpochoerus evronensis Camelus sp. Sus scrvfa Cervus elaphus Hemibos Hyaena hyaena Crocuta crocuta Mammuthus pri...

Terry, Karisa

2012-06-07

417

The influence of sample preparation of forage crops and silages on recovery of soluble and non-structural carbohydrates and their predictions by Fourier transform mid-IR transmission spectroscopy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 24 grasslegume and 12 whole-crop samples, i.e., 18 crops and 18 silages were analyzed for non-structural carbohydrates and used to study the effects of: (i) four preparationextraction methods and two solvents on recovery of water soluble sugars [Su(s)] in the grasslegume samples, (ii) three preparation methods of the whole crops on recovery of acetate buffer Su(s), soluble

P. Udn

2010-01-01

418

Universidad Simn Bolvar Departamento de Computacin y Tecnologa de la Informacin  

E-print Network

matriz es perfecta si cada una de sus filas y cada una de sus columnas suman lo mismo. c) Dadas tres elementos de la matriz, tomados por fila, es decir, primero se toma los M elementos de la fila 0, a continuación los M elementos de la fila 1 y así hasta la fila N-1. i) Dadas dos matrices A y B de dimensiones

Meza, Oscar J.

419

Del carnaval como 'metfora' al teatro de carnaval  

E-print Network

ocasiones "sus piruetas van llenando la noche de fantasa, todo es color y alegra." Pese a sus "gracias" y burlas es un dios sorprendentemente obediente y burocrtico, que se detiene ante los lmites y tabes trazados por la cultura hegemnica ("debe..." (que separa al escenario de la platea y al murguista del pblico), lo mismo mantiene "la quinta pared" que separa el tablado de la calle. Estas representaciones tambin se caracterizan por la bsqueda de conformar a las autoridades, por estar...

Remedi, Gustavo

2001-04-01

420

Pgina 1 de 2 Efectos secundarios de los medicamentos contra el VIH --Osteonecrosis,  

E-print Network

osteoporosis Osteonecrosis, osteopenia y osteoporosis ¿Qué es la osteonecrosis y cuáles son sus síntomas huesos y reducir los riesgos de caídas. ¿Qué son la osteopenia y la osteoporosis y cuáles son sus pérdida de hueso es grave, la afección se llama osteoporosis. No hay síntomas obvios en las primeras

Levin, Judith G.

421

La evolucion del modernismo en Puerto Rico  

E-print Network

metros e hizo uso del encabal- gamiento y de la cesura en mitad de sus versos, cambiando asi el antiguo romance (Franco 151). Ademas, Dario resucito la cuaderna via medieval y el verso alejandrino. Ruben Dario descubrio nuevas posibilidades foneticas... metros e hizo uso del encabal- gamiento y de la cesura en mitad de sus versos, cambiando asi el antiguo romance (Franco 151). Ademas, Dario resucito la cuaderna via medieval y el verso alejandrino. Ruben Dario descubrio nuevas posibilidades foneticas...

Gonzalez-Hernandez, Miriam Mercedes

2012-06-07

422

The effect of pulsed GTA welding on the residual stress of a stainless steel weldment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of pulsed GTA welding parameters on the residual stress of the weldment. Autogenous gas tungsten arc welding was applied on SUS 304 and SUS 310 stainless steels to produce a bead-on-plate weld. The residual stress was determined by using the hole-drilling strain-gage method of ASTM standard E837. The experimental results

K. H Tseng; C. P Chou

2002-01-01

423

Los soportes histrico y cientfico de la pieza Humboldt & Bonpland, taxidermistas de Ibsen Martnez  

E-print Network

libremente en sus modelos reales, los clebres naturalistas europeos Alexander Von Humboldt (1769- 1859) y Aim Bonpland (1773-1858), que lograron un prestigio internacional con motivo de la expedicin americana comenzada en 1799, cuando sus edades sumaban... del gobierno de Rivadavia. Viene a pedir tambin el instrumental utilizado en la expedicin americana, as como algunas cartas de recomendacin. La relacin es fra, distante. De manera implcita, esto significa el fin del trabajo conjunto, una...

Obregó n, Osvaldo

1999-10-01

424

Superresolution Imaging Captures Carbohydrate Utilization Dynamics in Human Gut Symbionts  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Gut microbes play a key role in human health and nutrition by catabolizing a wide variety of glycans via enzymatic activities that are not encoded in the human genome. The ability to recognize and process carbohydrates strongly influences the structure of the gut microbial community. While the effects of diet on the microbiota are well documented, little is known about the molecular processes driving metabolism. To provide mechanistic insight into carbohydrate catabolism in gut symbionts, we studied starch processing in real time in the model Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron starch utilization system (Sus) by single-molecule fluorescence. Although previous studies have explored Sus protein structure and function, the transient interactions, assembly, and collaboration of these outer membrane proteins have not yet been elucidated in live cells. Our live-cell superresolution imaging reveals that the polymeric starch substrate dynamically recruits Sus proteins, serving as an external scaffold for bacterial membrane assembly of the Sus complex, which may promote efficient capturing and degradation of starch. Furthermore, by simultaneously localizing multiple Sus outer membrane proteins on the B. thetaiotaomicron cell surface, we have characterized the dynamics and stoichiometry of starch-induced Sus complex assembly on the molecular scale. Finally, based on Sus protein knockout strains, we have discerned the mechanism of starch-induced Sus complex assembly in live anaerobic cells with nanometer-scale resolution. Our insights into the starch-induced outer membrane protein assembly central to this conserved nutrient uptake mechanism pave the way for the development of dietary or pharmaceutical therapies to control Bacteroidetes in the intestinal tract to enhance human health and treat disease. PMID:25389179

Karunatilaka, Krishanthi S.; Cameron, Elizabeth A.; Martens, Eric C.; Koropatkin, Nicole M.

2014-01-01

425

El caso Dorr: El autor en el vrtice del compromiso  

E-print Network

AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW tormenta y Ral de Crdenas con Los nimos estn cansados) estrenaban en el Teatro Universitario imperfectas piezas que enfocaban su atencin en la lucha revolucionaria en La Habana. Rolando Ferrer haca nfasis en la lucha de... alguna aristocrtica mecenas, no es cierto? Esa no es nuestra vida, Maestro. Ya usted va per diendo sus discpulos (92). Es evidente que Dorr tiene sus ideas precisas y que contrapone su ortodoxia revolucionaria a la de las minoras de la dramaturgia...

Montes-Huidobro, Matí as

1977-10-01

426

Alterations in aortic antioxidant components in an experimental model of atherosclerosis: A time-course study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Antioxidant component alterations in the aorta during atherogenesis were examined in atherosclerosis-susceptible (SUS) Japanese quail fed a cholesterol-supplemented (0.5% w\\/w) diet. Birds fed a non-supplemented diet provided information on the effects of aging on endogenous antioxidants. One hundred adult SUS males were used. Birds were sacrificed after 0, 4, 8 and 12 weeks on the diets and were examined for

David V. Godin; Cathleen R. Nichols; Kenneth A. Hoekstra; Maureen E. Garnett; Kimberly M. Cheng

2003-01-01

427

Critical current of magnesium diboride\\/stainless steel composite tapes under tensile or compressive strains  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the influence of mechanical strain on the critical current (Ic) for magnesium diboride\\/stainless steel (SUS316) superconducting tapes. The tensile axial strain along the tape length is successfully induced in the sample by using a U-shaped holder made of stainless steel (SUS304). Two samples are examined at 4.2 K and 5 T (B is applied perpendicular to the tape

H. Kitaguchi; A. Matsumoto; H. Hatakeyama; H. Kumakura

2003-01-01

428

Multidomain Carbohydrate-binding Proteins Involved in Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron Starch Metabolism*  

PubMed Central

Human colonic bacteria are necessary for the digestion of many dietary polysaccharides. The intestinal symbiont Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron uses five outer membrane proteins to bind and degrade starch. Here, we report the x-ray crystallographic structures of SusE and SusF, two outer membrane proteins composed of tandem starch specific carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs) with no enzymatic activity. Examination of the two CBMs in SusE and three CBMs in SusF reveals subtle differences in the way each binds starch and is reflected in their Kd values for both high molecular weight starch and small maltooligosaccharides. Thus, each site seems to have a unique starch preference that may enable these proteins to interact with different regions of starch or its breakdown products. Proteins similar to SusE and SusF are encoded in many other polysaccharide utilization loci that are possessed by human gut bacteria in the phylum Bacteroidetes. Thus, these proteins are likely to play an important role in carbohydrate metabolism in these abundant symbiotic species. Understanding structural changes that diversify and adapt related proteins in the human gut microbial community will be critical to understanding the detailed mechanistic roles that they perform in the complex digestive ecosystem. PMID:22910908

Cameron, Elizabeth A.; Maynard, Mallory A.; Smith, Christopher J.; Smith, Thomas J.; Koropatkin, Nicole M.; Martens, Eric C.

2012-01-01

429

A Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron outer membrane protein that is essential for utilization of maltooligosaccharides and starch.  

PubMed Central

Previous studies suggested that the first step in utilization of starch by Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron was binding of the polysaccharide to the cell surface, followed by translocation of the polysaccharide across the outer membrane into the periplasm. In this study, we report the molecular characterization of a gene that encodes an outer membrane protein that is essential for utilization of both maltooligosaccharides and starch. The gene, susC, encoded a protein of 115.3 kDa. Antibodies were raised against SusC, and the outer membrane location of SusC could be confirmed by Western blot (immunoblot) analysis. SusC had a possible signal sequence of between 20 and 39 amino acids, depending on which N-terminal methionine initiates the start of the protein. It also had some features typical of well-characterized outer membrane proteins from members of the family Enterobacteriaceae, such as a terminal phenylalanine residue and a region in the amino portion of the protein thought to be involved in stabilizing the protein in the outer membrane. The amino acid sequence, together with results of gene disruption experiments, suggested that SusC was not an amylolytic enzyme. Transcriptional fusion experiments, using beta-glucuronidase as a reporter group, showed that expression of susC was maltose regulated at the transcriptional level. This is the first molecular characterization of a B. thetaiotaomicron outer membrane protein involved in maltooligosaccharide and starch utilization. PMID:8550519

Reeves, A R; D'Elia, J N; Frias, J; Salyers, A A

1996-01-01

430

Soybean Yield and Heterodera glycines Responses to Liquid Swine Manure in Nematode Suppressive Soil and Conducive Soil.  

PubMed

The soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Heterodera glycines, is a major factor limiting soybean yield. Experiments were conducted in 2009 and 2010 to determine the effects of liquid swine manure and chemical fertilizer PK on soybean and corn yields, and on SCN population in an SCN-suppressive field (S-Site) and an SCN-conducive field (C-Site) in Minnesota. The experiment was a split-plot design with crop sequences as main plots and fertilizer treatments as subplots. The 2-yr crop sequences were Sus-Sus, Res-Sus, and Corn-Sus, where Sus was SCN-susceptible soybean, and Res was SCN-resistant soybean. The fertilizer treatments were manure, PK, and a nonfertilizer as control. Manure did not reduce SCN egg population density but resulted in 31% lower SCN second-stage juvenile (J2) population density at the S-Site at 45 d after planting (DAP) in 2009. Manure also reduced spiral nematode (Helicotylenchus spp.) population density by 52% compared with PK and nonfertilizer treatments at S-Site at 45 DAP in 2009. The crop sequence of Corn-Sus and Res-Sus reduced the SCN egg and J2 but increased spiral nematode population density at both sites. An increase of 1.4 Mg/ha and 0.5 Mg/ha in yield of susceptible soybean was observed in manure and PK treatments, respectively, at the C-Site in 2009. Corn yield was 2.8 Mg/ha and 5.0 Mg/ha greater when treated with manure than nonfertilizer at the S-Site and C-Site, respectively. This study suggests that soil fertility management may be a useful strategy to alleviate the SCN damage to soybean. PMID:23589656

Bao, Yong; Chen, Senyu; Vetsch, Jeffery; Randall, Gyles

2013-03-01

431

Soybean Yield and Heterodera glycines Responses to Liquid Swine Manure in Nematode Suppressive Soil and Conducive Soil  

PubMed Central

The soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Heterodera glycines, is a major factor limiting soybean yield. Experiments were conducted in 2009 and 2010 to determine the effects of liquid swine manure and chemical fertilizer PK on soybean and corn yields, and on SCN population in an SCN-suppressive field (S-Site) and an SCN-conducive field (C-Site) in Minnesota. The experiment was a split-plot design with crop sequences as main plots and fertilizer treatments as subplots. The 2-yr crop sequences were Sus-Sus, Res-Sus, and Corn-Sus, where Sus was SCN-susceptible soybean, and Res was SCN-resistant soybean. The fertilizer treatments were manure, PK, and a nonfertilizer as control. Manure did not reduce SCN egg population density but resulted in 31% lower SCN second-stage juvenile (J2) population density at the S-Site at 45 d after planting (DAP) in 2009. Manure also reduced spiral nematode (Helicotylenchus spp.) population density by 52% compared with PK and nonfertilizer treatments at S-Site at 45 DAP in 2009. The crop sequence of Corn-Sus and Res-Sus reduced the SCN egg and J2 but increased spiral nematode population density at both sites. An increase of 1.4 Mg/ha and 0.5 Mg/ha in yield of susceptible soybean was observed in manure and PK treatments, respectively, at the C-Site in 2009. Corn yield was 2.8 Mg/ha and 5.0 Mg/ha greater when treated with manure than nonfertilizer at the S-Site and C-Site, respectively. This study suggests that soil fertility management may be a useful strategy to alleviate the SCN damage to soybean. PMID:23589656

Bao, Yong; Chen, Senyu; Vetsch, Jeffery; Randall, Gyles

2013-01-01

432

cDNA-AFLP transcriptional profiling reveals genes expressed during flower development in Oncidium Milliongolds.  

PubMed

The flower developmental process, which is crucial to the whole lifecycle of higher plants, is influenced by both environmental and endogenous factors. The genus Oncidium is commercially important for cut flower and houseplant industry and is ideal for flower development studies. Using cDNA-amplified restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis, we profiled transcripts that are differentially expressed during flower development of Oncidium Milliongolds. A total of 15,960 transcript-derived fragments were generated, with 114 primer sets. Of these, 1248 were sequenced, producing 993 readable sequences. BLASTX/N analysis showed that 833 of the 993 transcripts showed homology to genes in the NCBI databases, exhibiting functions involved in various processes, such as signal transduction, energy conversion, metabolism, and gene expression regulation. The full-length mRNAs of SUCROSE SYNTHASE 1 (SUS1) and LEAFY (LFY) were cloned, and their expression patterns were characterized. The results showed that the expression levels of SUS1 and LFY were similar during flower development. To confirm the function of SUS1 in flower buds, carbohydrate content and sucrose synthase activity were determined. The results showed that changes in sucrose content and sucrose synthase activity reflected SUS1 expression levels. Collectively, these results indicate that SUS1 influences flower development by regulating LFY expression levels through changing the sucrose content of flower buds. PMID:24634291

Qian, X; Gong, M J; Wang, C X; Tian, M

2014-01-01

433

Nickel-free stainless steel avoids neointima formation following coronary stent implantation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SUS316L stainless steel and cobalt-chromium and platinum-chromium alloys are widely used platforms for coronary stents. These alloys also contain nickel (Ni), which reportedly induces allergic reactions in some subjects and is known to have various cellular effects. The effects of Ni on neointima formation after stent implantation remain unknown, however. We developed coronary stents made of Ni-free high-nitrogen austenitic stainless steel prepared using a N2-gas pressurized electroslag remelting (P-ESR) process. Neointima formation and inflammatory responses following stent implantation in porcine coronary arteries were then compared between the Ni-free and SUS316L stainless steel stents. We found significantly less neointima formation and inflammation in arteries implanted with Ni-free stents, as compared to SUS316L stents. Notably, Ni2+ was eluted into the medium from SUS316L but not from Ni-free stainless steel. Mechanistically, Ni2+ increased levels of hypoxia inducible factor protein-1? (HIF-1?) and its target genes in cultured smooth muscle cells. HIF-1? and their target gene levels were also increased in the vascular wall at SUS316L stent sites but not at Ni-free stent sites. The Ni-free stainless steel coronary stent reduces neointima formation, in part by avoiding activation of inflammatory processes via the Ni-HIF pathway. The Ni-free-stainless steel stent is a promising new coronary stent platform.

Fujiu, Katsuhito; Manabe, Ichiro; Sasaki, Makoto; Inoue, Motoki; Iwata, Hiroshi; Hasumi, Eriko; Komuro, Issei; Katada, Yasuyuki; Taguchi, Tetsushi; Nagai, Ryozo

2012-12-01

434

[The evolution of the Brazilian National Health System, strategic courses of action and strategies to understand these actions].  

PubMed

The author has the intention to propose to the Brazilian health care management and sanitary reform managers an examination and positioning on the course of action in the implementation of SUS (Brazilian National Health System). The findings underscore two non-convergent set of policies that have affected the course of action in the implementation of the SUS in the 1990s: the first and 'main' course of action derives from policies created in 1988 in the so-called Citizen Constitution, of which the SUS is the most important achievement. The second and "additional" course of action derives from the prevailing macro-economic model and its related policies, implemented since the 1990s, besides advocating a social inclusion measure while leaving out all the related improvements of SUS such as Universality, Integrity and Equity. In addition, the second course of action is in opposition to the model based on social protection, besides raising the importance of market-based individualistic values and actions in general, it carries them into the health care system. The author suggests that a clarification on the desirable and on the deviant courses of action of SUS may be a vital contribution to guaranteeing social rights in health care, while preserving its integrity, equity and universal nature. PMID:17680098

dos Santos, Nelson Rodrigues

2007-01-01

435

[Surveillance of viral hepatitis in Argentina: analysis of information from sentinel units 2007-2010].  

PubMed

In Argentina, the four strategies of epidemiological surveillance from the National System of Health Surveillance (SNVS) are Diseases of Mandatory Report (C2), Sentinel Units (SU), Laboratory Surveillance (SIVILA) and National Programs (National Plan of Blood, information from blood banks). They collect information about viral hepatitis (VH). The objective of this work was to analyze the information recorded by the SUs of VH for hepatitis B and C in the period between January 1th 2007 and December 31h 2010. In this period, out of the 1,769 cases recorded (entered by 21 of 24 SUs), 806 entries were hepatitis B, 848 hepatitis C and 115 belonged to other definitions. The relative proportions between hepatitis B and hepatitis C were heterogeneous between the SUs. The age distribution was homogeneous, being the predominant group in acute hepatitis B the 25- to 34-year-old group. In hepatitis C, the age distribution was broader. The distribution by sex and risk factors was heterogeneous between the different SUs. In hepatitis C, genotype 1 was the predominant one. In conclusion, the information provided by the SUs contributes as an evidence of the public health problem posed by this pathology in our country. PMID:23650830

Vladimirsky, Sara; Silvina, Munn Mara; Otegui, Lucio; Altabert, Nancy; Soto, Sonia; Brajterman, Leonardo; Echenique, Horacio; Gonzlez, Jorge

2013-03-01

436

Microbiologically influenced corrosion of orthodontic metallic appliances.  

PubMed

Biocorrosion (microbiologically influenced corrosion; MIC) occur in aquatic habitats varying in nutrient content, temperature, stress and pH. The oral environment of organisms, including humans, should be one of the most hospitable for MIC. Corrosion of metallic appliances in the oral region is one cause of metal allergy in patients. In this study, an inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometer revealed elution of Fe, Cr and Ni from stainless steel (SUS) appliances incubated with oral bacteria. Three-dimensional laser confocal microscopy also revealed that oral bacterial culture promoted increased surface roughness and corrosion pits in SUS appliances. The pH of the supernatant was lowered after co-culture of appliances and oral bacteria in any combinations, but not reached at the level of depassivation pH of their metallic materials. This study showed that Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguinis which easily created biofilm on the surfaces of teeth and appliances, did corrode orthodontic SUS appliances. PMID:24583645

Kameda, Takashi; Oda, Hirotake; Ohkuma, Kazuo; Sano, Natsuki; Batbayar, Nomintsetseg; Terashima, Yukari; Sato, Soh; Terada, Kazuto

2014-01-01

437

Aspects of ion irradiations to study localized deformation in austenitic stainless steels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of irradiation depth on localized deformation in strained SUS304 and SUS316 was assessed by irradiation to various doses using different energies of Fe++ and protons. The average height and spacing of slip steps formed on the surfaces after 2% plastic strain in 300 C argon were characterized using AFM and SEM. The step height and spacing were nearly unchanged for irradiation depth greater than 1/3 of the average grain size. 2.8 MeV Fe++ irradiation, with an irradiation depth of <1 ?m, resulted in slightly larger step spacing compared to the unirradiated samples but it was much smaller compared to that in proton-irradiated samples with much greater irradiation depths. Step height and spacing also appeared to be affected by the grain size as they were nearly double in magnitude for 30 ?m compared to 14 ?m grain sizes in SUS304.

Jiao, Zhijie; Was, Gary; Miura, Terumitsu; Fukuya, Koji

2014-09-01

438

[The participation of users, workers and counselors of health: a qualitative study].  

PubMed

This is a qualitative approach research that aimed to analyze the effectiveness and the resoluteness of SUS actions as well as the satisfaction of the users. The units analyzed were a community and the Municipal Health Council of Florianpolis city. All data were collected through documental analysis, interview and participative observation. The sources for the data were: official documents and field observation record; community residents (subjects and families users of SUS), health workers and the Municipal Health Counselors. The results shows different understanding of health among the three classes of subjects, as well as the distance between practices and the referential professed within the Family Health Strategies. The council shows deficiencies in its organization, referral of deliberations, composition and representativeness, and the role of the counselor and its relationship with the entity represented. The public participation and the social control as essential conditions for the effectiveness of SUS proposals, still remain as an expectation and a big challenge. PMID:20464196

Grisotti, Mrcia; Patrcio, Zuleica Maria; Silva, Andria da

2010-05-01

439

Deuterium retention in Fe2O3 under low-energy deuterium-plasma exposure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stainless steel (SUS) is used as the structure material in nuclear fusion devices. Heating and O2 plasma discharge are considered for the removal of tritium. Oxide layer growth is anticipated on heating SUS at a high temperature in low-pressure residual O2 gas. When O2 plasma discharge is performed, oxygen plasma reaches the structure material and iron oxides such as Fe2O3 are formed. Thus, a knowledge of the retention behavior of hydrogen isotopes or deuterium (D) in the oxide layers is important in designing the devices. We investigated D retention in Fe2O3 films and the influence of Fe2O3 crystal structure on D retention and found that D retention in ?-Fe2O3 (cubic-maghemite) is larger than that in ?-Fe2O3 (hexagonal-hematite). The results for Fe2O3 are compared with those for SUS and Fe.

Matsunami, N.; Sogawa, T.; Sakuma, Y.; Ohno, N.; Tokitani, M.; Masuzaki, S.

2011-12-01

440

Cooperative Cognitive Radio for Multiple Primary and Secondary Users  

E-print Network

We propose a distributed spectrum access algorithm for cognitive radio relay networks with multiple primary users (PU) and multiple secondary users (SU). The key idea behind the proposed algorithm is that the PUs negotiate with the SUs on both the amount of monetary compensation, and the amount of time the SUs are either (i) allowed spectrum access, or (ii) cooperatively relaying the PU's data, such that both the PUs' and the SUs' minimum rate requirement are satisfied. The proposed algorithm is shown to be flexible in prioritizing either the primary or the secondary users. We prove that the proposed algorithm will result in the best possible stable matching and is weak Pareto optimal. Numerical analysis also reveal that the distributed algorithm can achieve a performance comparable to an optimal centralized solution, but with significantly less overhead and complexity.

Bayat, Siavash; Li, Yonghui; Vucetic, Branka

2011-01-01

441

Coalitional Games in Partition Form for Joint Spectrum Sensing and Access in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-print Network

Unlicensed secondary users (SUs) in cognitive radio networks are subject to an inherent tradeoff between spectrum sensing and spectrum access. Although each SU has an incentive to sense the primary user (PU) channels for locating spectrum holes, this exploration of the spectrum can come at the expense of a shorter transmission time, and, hence, a possibly smaller capacity for data transmission. This paper investigates the impact of this tradeoff on the cooperative strategies of a network of SUs that seek to cooperate in order to improve their view of the spectrum (sensing), reduce the possibility of interference among each other, and improve their transmission capacity (access). The problem is modeled as a coalitional game in partition form and an algorithm for coalition formation is proposed. Using the proposed algorithm, the SUs can make individual distributed decisions to join or leave a coalition while maximizing their utilities which capture the average time spent for sensing as well as the capacity achi...

Saad, Walid; Zheng, Rong; Hjrungnes, Are; Ba?ar, Tamer; Poor, H Vincent

2012-01-01

442

Parallel vs. sequential belief propagation decoding of LDPC codes over GF(q) and Markov sources  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A sequential updating scheme (SUS) for belief propagation (BP) decoding of LDPC codes over Galois fields, GF(q), and correlated Markov sources is proposed and compared with the standard parallel updating scheme (PUS). A thorough experimental study of various transmission settings indicates that the convergence rate, in iterations, of the BP algorithm for the SUS is about one half of that for the PUS, independent of the finite field size q. Moreover, this {1}/{2} factor appears regardless of the correlations of the source and the channel's noise model, while the error correction performance remains unchanged. These results may imply on the universality of the one half convergence speed-up of SUS decoding. A comparison to the dynamics of physical spin systems is also addressed.

Yacov, N.; Efraim, H.; Kfir, H.; Kanter, I.; Shental, O.

2007-05-01

443

Maximum rates of sustained metabolic rate in cold-exposed Djungarian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus): the second wind.  

PubMed

Djungarian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus) tolerate short-term exposure to ambient temperatures (T(a)s) down to -70C, but surprisingly, previously appeared to reach maximum sustainable metabolic rate (SusMR) when kept at T(a)s as high as ?-2C. We hypothesized that SusMR in Djungarian hamsters may be affected by the degree of prior cold acclimation and temporal patterns of T(a) changes experienced by the animals, as average T(a) declines. After cold-acclimation at +5C for 6 weeks, hamsters reached rates of SusMR that were 35% higher than previously determined and were able to maintain positive energy balances down to T(a) -9C. SusMR was unaffected, however, by whether mean cold load was constant or caused by T(a)s cycling between +3C and as low as -25C, at hourly intervals. At mean T (a)s between +3 and -3C hamsters significantly reduced body mass and energy expenditure, but were able to maintain stable body mass at lower T (a)s (-5 to -9C). These results indicate that prior cold-acclimation profoundly affects SusMR in hamsters and that body mass regulation may play an integral part in maintaining positive energy balance during cold exposure. Because the degree of instantaneous cold load had no effect on SusMR, we hypothesize that limits to energy turnover in Djungarian hamsters are not determined by the capacity to withstand extreme temperatures (i.e., peripheral limits) but are due to central limitation of energy intake. PMID:20458591

Ruf, Thomas; Grafl, Beatrice

2010-10-01

444

Rheological modelling of complex fluids. I. The concept of effective volume fraction revisited  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Number of complex fluids (as slurries, drilling muds, paints and coatings, many foods, cosmetics, biofluids...) can approximately be described as concentrated dispersions of Structural Units (SUs). Due to shear forces, SUs are assumed to be approximately spherical in shape and uniform in size under steady flow conditions, so that a complex fluid can be considered as a roughly monodisperse dispersion of roughly spherical SUs (with a shear-dependent mean radius), what allows to generalize hard sphere models of monodisperse suspensions to complex fluids. A rheological model of such dispersions of SUs is based on the concept of the effective volume fraction, ?_{eff} which depends on flow conditions. Indeed, in competition with particle interactions, hydrodynamic forces can modify (i) S, the number fraction of particles that all SUs contain, (ii) both SUs arrangements and their internal structure, especially the SU's compactness, \\varphi. As a structural variable, S is governed by a kinetic equation. Through the shear-dependent kinetic rates involved in the latter, the general solution S depends on ?, a dimensionless shear variable, leading to ?_{eff}(t, ?; \\varphi). The structural modelling is achieved by introducing this expression of ?_{eff} into a well-established viscosity model of hard sphere suspensions. Using the steady state solution of the kinetic equation, S_{eq}(? ), allows to model non-Newtonian behaviors of complex fluids under steady shear conditions, as pseudo-plastic, plastic, dilatant ... ones. In this model, the ratio of high shear to low shear limiting viscosities appears as a key variable. Different examples of application will be discussed.

Quemada, D.

1998-01-01

445

The Learning Environment (Spanish)  

E-print Network

selecci?n de sus actividades de aprendizaje. ? La evaluaci?n m?s importante es la autoevaluaci?n. ? Las tareas complejas se realizan en pasos, de la m?s b?sica a la m?s compleja. ? El uso de varias estrategias de ense?anza promueve el aprendizaje... selecci?n de sus actividades de aprendizaje. ? La evaluaci?n m?s importante es la autoevaluaci?n. ? Las tareas complejas se realizan en pasos, de la m?s b?sica a la m?s compleja. ? El uso de varias estrategias de ense?anza promueve el aprendizaje...

Howard, Jeff W.

2005-05-10

446

Common Cattle Parasites  

E-print Network

.setis a rap lanretni ot elb it pec sus erom era sevlaC *Professor and Extension Program Leader for Veterinary Medicine, The Texas A&M University System. nutrient de yluJ( remmus ni noit elp .)reb met peS hguorht sid eht yl lam roN ease (wormy... .setis a rap lanretni ot elb it pec sus erom era sevlaC *Professor and Extension Program Leader for Veterinary Medicine, The Texas A&M University System. nutrient de yluJ( remmus ni noit elp .)reb met peS hguorht sid eht yl lam roN ease (wormy...

Faries Jr., Floron C.

2005-11-11

447

La guerra del fin del mundo: historia e invencion en una novela historica  

E-print Network

ritual y jerarquia. El gobernador creia que el grupo conspiraba contra el, y mando tropas de la policia que acabaron con la ciudad en 1819. Muertos muchos de sus adeptos, el lider se escapo, y los prisio- neros fueron soltados despues de ser procesados... recaudacion de los impuestos, y un dia de fiesta mando a sus cre- yentes quemar las tables en un "auto-de-fe". Abandono despues la villa con unos doscientos adeptos. Dna tropa de la policfa los persigui6 y los encontro en Massete. Los policias atacaron...

Loeffler, Lisa Bowe

2012-06-07

448

El teatro indgena y campesino  

E-print Network

. Los das de la espera Desde Bolvar, una poblacin rural y lejana del Departamento de Santander del Sur, con escasos 30 mil habitantes, surgi a escala nacional el grupo Horizontes de Juventud. La obra presentada fue Los das de la espera o la... espera de los das y plantea el modo de vida de los campesinos de aquellas lejanas regiones. Pero tambin es la vida del campesino colombiano en general. Lo ms significativo del grupo es que sus integrantes son los propios campesinos que cuentan sus...

Jaraba, Enisberto

1977-10-01

449

Texture and mineralogy of the Upper Gambrian Welge sandstone, Central Mineral region, Texas  

E-print Network

fmmel lined with a +ared f'lter paper~ and the beaker was rei'iliad with tap water and stirred again. This process was repen+ed until there was nc trace of acidity in . , he beaker and the water wao completely free of sus- pended matter ai... fmmel lined with a +ared f'lter paper~ and the beaker was rei'iliad with tap water and stirred again. This process was repen+ed until there was nc trace of acidity in . , he beaker and the water wao completely free of sus- pended matter ai...

Hooks, James Edward

2012-06-07

450

Characterization and expression profile analysis of a sucrose synthase gene from common bean ( Phaseolus vulgaris L.) during seed development  

Microsoft Academic Search

A full-length cDNA encoding common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) sucrose synthase (designated as Pv_BAT93 Sus), which catalyses the synthesis and cleavage of sucrose, was isolated from\\u000a seeds at 15days after pollination (DAP) by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The full-length cDNA of Pv_BAT93 Sus\\u000a had a 2,418bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a protein of 806 amino acid residues.

Ghassen Abid; Yordan Muhovski; Jean-Marie Jacquemin; Dominique Mingeot; Khaled Sassi; Andr Toussaint; Jean-Pierre Baudoin

451

Effective Management of Secondary User's Density in Cognitive Radio Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cognitive radio has emerged as an efficient approach to reusing the licensed spectrums. How to appropriately set parameters of secondary user (SU) plays a rather important role in constructing cognitive radio networks. In this letter, we have analyzed the theoretical value of SUs' density, which provides a standard for controlling the number of SUs around one primary receiver, in order to guarantee that primary communication links do not experience excessive interference. The simulation result of secondary density well matches with the theoretical result derived from our analysis. Additionally, the achievable rate of secondary user under density control is also analyzed and simulated.

Jiang, Chunxiao; Fan, Shuai; Chen, Canfeng; Ma, Jian; Ren, Yong

452

[Political challenges facing the consolidation of the Sistema nico de Sade: a historical approach].  

PubMed

This article investigates the circumstances in which Brazils sanitation reform was conceived and the Sistema nico de Sade (SUS) was constructed. A brief analysis is conducted of Brazils political transition to democracy, focusing on three political challenges facing the consolidation of SUS: its weak support base amongst workers, competition with the private sector, and the fragmentation of its administration caused by its municipalization. Finally, the changes in the scenario caused by the weakening of neoliberalism since the 2008 crisis, the reemergence of a multipolar political scenario internationally, and the financing conditions of the Brazilian State are described. PMID:24789485

Rodrigues, Paulo Henrique de Almeida

2014-01-01

453

Metal elution from Ni- and Fe-based alloy reactors under hydrothermal conditions.  

PubMed

Elution of metals from Ni- and Fe-based alloy (i.e. Inconel 625 and SUS 316) under hydrothermal conditions was investigated. Results showed that metals could be eluted even in a short contact time. At subcritical conditions, a significant amount of Cr was extracted from SUS 316, while only traces of Ni, Fe, Mo, and Mn were eluted. In contrast, Ni was removed in significant amounts compared to Cr when Inconel 625 was tested. Several factors including temperature and contact time were found to affect elution behavior. The presence of air in the fluid even promoted elution under subcritical conditions. PMID:15120875

Faisal, Muhammad; Quitain, Armando T; Urano, Shin-Ya; Daimon, Hiroyuki; Fujie, Koichi

2004-05-20

454

Family Financial Fitness Exercises: The Value of Paying Creditors  

E-print Network

y renuncie a algo que compra a menudo pero que no es esencial. ? Utilice su "dinero encontrado" para pagar al acreedor a quien debe la cantidad m?s peque?a. ? Cada vez que paga por completo a uno de sus acreedores, agregue la cantidad del pago que... hab?a estado haciendo a la cantidad que paga a otros acreedores. Pague m?s al acreedor que le cobra la m?s alta tasa de inter?s. ? Consiga maneras econ?micas de celebrar cada vez que pague por completo una deuda. ? Cuando haya pagado a todos sus...

White, Lynn

1999-09-10

455

CSI-aided MAC with Multiuser Diversity for Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-print Network

Cognitive Radio (CR) aims to increase the spectrum utilization by allowing secondary users (SU) to access unused licensed spectrum bands. To maximize the throughput given limited sensing capability, SUs need to strike a balance between sensing the channels that are not heavily used by primary users (PU) and avoiding collisions with other SUs. To randomize sensing decisions without resorting to multiuser sensing policies, it is proposed to exploit the spatially-variant fading channel conditions on different links by adapting the reward to the channel state information (CSI). Moreover, the proposed channel-adaptive policy favors links with high achievable transmission rate and thus further improves the network throughput.

Lu, Yuan

2011-01-01

456

Safe Handling of Fresh Strawberries (Spanish)  

E-print Network

lavar las fresas justo antes de comerlas o prepararlas. Cuando est? listo para usar las fresas primero lave sus manos con agua caliente con jab?n por 20 segundos. Lave sus manos antes y despu?s de haber manipulado alimentos y despu?s de haber tocado... utensilios con una mezcla de 1 cucharadita de cloro casero en 1 cuarto de gal?n de agua. Coloque las fresas en un colador limpio y desinfectado y remueva cualquier fruta que est? da?ada. Si tiene duda acerca de la seguridad de una fresa, ?des...

Scott, Amanda

2008-09-05

457

A study of some effects of magnetic and electric fields on LiF and KCl  

E-print Network

. diameter tube of bakelite which was 16 in. long. The solenoid was sus- pended around the glass envelope by a wooden yoke clamped around the upper end of the solenoid. Initially it was suspended from the underside of the suspension system table.... diameter tube of bakelite which was 16 in. long. The solenoid was sus- pended around the glass envelope by a wooden yoke clamped around the upper end of the solenoid. Initially it was suspended from the underside of the suspension system table...

Miller, James Edward

2012-06-07

458

Book Reviews Primate Psychology. Edited by DARIO MAESTRIPIERI.  

E-print Network

Book Reviews Primate Psychology. Edited by DARIO MAESTRIPIERI. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press (2003), Pp. ixC619. Price $65.00. What is psychology? If I look at the contents page of a typical psychology textbook, I come across the usual sus- pects; learning and memory, personality

Maestripieri, Dario

459

A MECHANISM OF INTAKE AND EXPULSION OF COL ORED FLUIDS BY THE LATERAL LINE CANALS AS SEEN EXPERIMENTALLY IN THE  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the course of studies of lateral line canals of the goldfish, it seemed advisable to observe possible reactions of the canals of the lateral line organs to absorption of coloring substances held in sus pension by water. To accomplish this purpose, goldfishes were im mersed in various weak solutions containing lampblack, India ink, ver milion and Berlin blue, and

GEORGE MILTON SMITH

460

Antimicrobial Resistance in Indicator Escherichia coli Isolates from Free-Ranging Livestock and Sympatric Wild Ungulates in a Natural Environment (Northeastern Spain)  

PubMed Central

Antimicrobial resistance was assessed in indicator Escherichia coli isolates from free-ranging livestock and sympatric wild boar (Sus scrofa) and Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica) in a National Game Reserve in northeastern Spain. The frequency of antimicrobial resistance was low (0% to 7.9%). However, resistance to an extended-spectrum cephalosporin and fluoroquinolones was detected. PMID:23892753

Porrero, M. C.; Mentaberre, G.; Serrano, E.; Mateos, A.; Domnguez, L.; Lavn, S.

2013-01-01

461

DEVELOPING SEASONAL AMMONIA EMISSION ESTIMATES WITH AN INVERSE MODELING TECHNIQUE  

EPA Science Inventory

Significant uncertainty exists in magnitude and variability of ammonia (NH3) emissions, which are needed for air quality modeling of aerosols and deposition of nitrogen compounds. Approximately 85% of NH3 emissions are estimated to come from agricultural non-point sources. We sus...

462

POSTER PRESENTATION Open Access Env mutations conferring improved entry  

E-print Network

was main- tained in culture in a T-cell line (MT4R5) in the pre- sence of IFNalpha2b (50 IU/ ml). At each genes, some of which have direct antiviral activity. Forcing HIV to replicate in culture in the presence of IFN is expected to lead to the selection of variants with decreased sus- ceptibility

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

463

On the self-consistent modeling of a traveling wave sustained nitrogen discharge  

E-print Network

generation is concerned, the investigation of discharges sus- tained by travelling surface waves SWs theoretical models for surface wave sustained dis- charges in nitrogen is less improved.17­19 This lesser of all discharge quantities and properties of interest, such as the electron energy distribution function

Guerra, Vasco

464

Planificacin de la transicin a la atencin en la etapa final de la vida para los pacientes de cncer en estadio avanzado (PDQ)  

Cancer.gov

Resumen de informacin revisada por expertos sobre la preparacin necesaria por parte de los proveedores de atencin de la salud, los pacientes y sus familas para la transicin a la etapa final de la vida en los casos de cncer en estadio avanzado.

465

Comunicacin en la atencin del cncer (PDQ)  

Cancer.gov

Resumen de la informacin revisada por expertos acerca de la comunicacin con el paciente de cncer y sus familiares, que incluye los aspectos distintivos de la comunicacin con pacientes de cncer, los factores que afectan la comunicacin y la capacitacin en aptitudes para la comunicacin.

466

Deficient sucrose synthase activity in developing wood does not specifically affect cellulose biosynthesis, but causes an overall decrease in cell wall polymers.  

PubMed

The biosynthesis of wood in aspen (Populus) depends on the metabolism of sucrose, which is the main transported form of carbon from source tissues. The largest fraction of the wood biomass is cellulose, which is synthesized from UDP-glucose. Sucrose synthase (SUS) has been proposed previously to interact directly with cellulose synthase complexes and specifically supply UDP-glucose for cellulose biosynthesis. To investigate the role of SUS in wood biosynthesis, we characterized transgenic lines of hybrid aspen with strongly reduced SUS activity in developing wood. No dramatic growth phenotypes in glasshouse-grown trees were observed, but chemical fingerprinting with pyrolysis-GC/MS, together with micromechanical analysis, showed notable changes in chemistry and ultrastructure of the wood in the transgenic lines. Wet chemical analysis showed that the dry weight percentage composition of wood polymers was not changed significantly. However, a decrease in wood density was observed and, consequently, the content of lignin, hemicellulose and cellulose was decreased per wood volume. The decrease in density was explained by a looser structure of fibre cell walls as shown by increased wall shrinkage on drying. The results show that SUS is not essential for cellulose biosynthesis, but plays a role in defining the total carbon incorporation to wood cell walls. PMID:24920335

Gerber, Lorenz; Zhang, Bo; Roach, Melissa; Rende, Umut; Gorzss, Andrs; Kumar, Manoj; Burgert, Ingo; Niittyl, Totte; Sundberg, Bjrn

2014-09-01

467

The relative length of Pig chromosomes, and a suggestion for a karyotype system  

E-print Network

The relative length of Pig chromosomes, and a suggestion for a karyotype system K. M. HANSEN pairs of chromosomes from i5 cells of domestic pig (Sus scrofa domestica) is presented. The relative length of the X chromosome is 5 p. ioo of the haploid female chromosome complement. Different karyotype

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

468

3. Matheron C, Delort AM, Gaudet G Forano E (1996) Can JMicr'obiol 42, 1091-1095  

E-print Network

of sterilization by autoclaving of maize and sugarcane bagasse cell walls on chemical and biological sus, silage stage) and sugarcane bagasse were prepared [2]. They were autoclaved (120°C, 20min and sugarcane bagasse CWR respectively (Table 1). The losses in p-coumaric acid (PCA) and ferulic acid (FA) were

Boyer, Edmond

469

Linear oscillations of a compressible hemispherical bubble on a solid substrate  

E-print Network

in petroleum industry. Small bubbles and droplets allow to efficiently control heat and mass transfer in heat exchangers and reactors and to intensify mixing in microdevices.1,2 Whereas oscillations of drops sus- pended drop of averaged radius R can be characterized by three time scales: The viscous relaxation time v =R2

Straube, Arthur V.

470

Soil organisms are the catalysts that link elemen-tal exchange among the lithosphere,biosphere,and at-  

E-print Network

Soil organisms are the catalysts that link elemen- tal exchange among the lithosphere any pool, is becoming increasingly crucial to understanding soil processes and to sus- tainable diffi- cult task in the study of soil ecological processes. The nutri- ent transformations that take

Soatto, Stefano

471

RESCATE Y RETORNO A ESTADO SALVAJE DE UN OSO PARDO EN ASTURIAS (ESPAA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Una hembra de oso pardo (Ursus arctos, L.), localizada junto a una carretera el 28 de marzo de 1999 con dificultades motrices y que no mostraba el comportamiento habitual de huida, fue capturada y dotada de un transmisor. Tras una inspeccin sobre el terreno, en la que sus ritmos respiratorios y cardiacos y su temperatura corporal resultaron normales, se le

J. NAVES; A. FERNNDEZ-GIL; M. RUIZ-BASCARN; J. F. GARCA-GAONA; J. C. DEL CAMPO; Y M. DELIBES

2001-01-01

472

Prevalence of West Nile Virus Antibodies in a Breeding Population of American Kestrels (Falco sparverius) in Pennsylvania  

Microsoft Academic Search

West Nile virus (WNV) has been identified in nearly 300 species of wild birds, including raptors, in North America since its introduction in New York City in 1999. American Kestrels (Falco sparverius) are sus- ceptible to WNV infection, and the numbers of these birds have declined along the Atlantic coast in recent years. We examined the population biology and WNV

Darcy L. Medica; Rachael Clauser

2007-01-01

473

The western margin of Mexico is ideally suited for testing two opposing models for  

E-print Network

of entire ocean basins ver- sus accretion of fringing terranes produced by protracted extensional processes that the Zihuatanejo terrane of the Guerrero composite terrane originated from the latter mechanism. The evolution of the Zihuatanejo terrane can be explained by extensional and compressional processes operating entirely within

Busby, Cathy

474

Using key informant monitoring in safe motherhood programming in Nepal  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the methodology and application of the Key Informant Monitoring (KIM) tool as used by the Nepal Safer Motherhood Project (NSMP). NSMP aims to achieve a sus- tained increase in the uptake of midwifery and essential obstetric care services by addressing, among other things, constraints on access to such services. Data collected by community-based Key Informant Researchers (KIRs)

Neil Price; Deepa Pokharel

2005-01-01

475

Fungaemia caused by Candida glabrata with reduced susceptibility to fluconazole due to altered gene expression: risk factors, antifungal treatment and outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The role of Candida glabrata in fungaemia is attributed in part to its reduced suscepti- bility to azoles, usually due to altered expression of genes encoding drug efflux pumps. The aims of this study were to identify risk factors for fungaemia due to C. glabrata isolates with decreased sus- ceptibility to fluconazole and to analyse the response to antifungal

Mario Tumbarello; Maurizio Sanguinetti; Enrico Maria Trecarichi; Marilena La Sorda; Marianna Rossi; Elena de Carolis; Katleen de Gaetano Donati; Giovanni Fadda; Roberto Cauda; Brunella Posteraro

2008-01-01

476

Stress Fractures of the Femoral Shaft in AthletesMore Common Than ExpectedA New Clinical Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

Athletes from 20 Division I AA collegiate varsity sports and 1 club sport were followed carefully for the devel opment of stress fractures during the 1990 to 1991 and the 1991 to 1992 academic years. During this period, among 914 athletes, 34 stress fractures were sus tained. Seven of these, or 20.6%, were of the femoral shaft. This represents a

Alan W. Johnson; Carl B. Weiss; Donald L. Wheeler

1994-01-01

477

Contract-Based Cooperative Spectrum Sharing Lingjie Duan, Lin Gao, Jianwei Huang  

E-print Network

as a labor market. The PU is an employer who offers a contract to the SUs. The contract consists of a set1 Contract-Based Cooperative Spectrum Sharing Lingjie Duan, Lin Gao, Jianwei Huang Department) are private information and are not known to the PU. Inspired by the contract theory, we model the network

Huang, Jianwei

478

Dynamic backlight scaling optimization for mobile streaming applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increasing variety of mobile applications, reducing the energy consumption of mobile devices is a major challenge in sus- taining multimedia streaming applications. This paper explores backlight scaling, which is deemed a promising technical solution. First, we model the problem as a dynamic backlight scaling optimization problem. The objective is to minimize the energy consumption of the backlight when

Pi-Cheng Hsiu; Chun-Han Lin; Cheng-Kang Hsieh

2011-01-01

479

Biogeosciences, 9, 32133229, 2012 www.biogeosciences.net/9/3213/2012/  

E-print Network

particles in the Mackenzie River plume (Canadian Arctic Ocean) and implications for ocean colour remote dynamics of sus- pended particulate matter (SPM) on the Mackenzie River continental shelf (Canadian Arctic estimate the fluxes and fate of SPM and POC delivered by the Mackenzie River to the Arc- tic Ocean. 1

Babin, Marcel

480

Comparative study on corrosion resistance and in vitro biocompatibility of bulk nanocrystalline and microcrystalline biomedical 304 stainless steel  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesSUS 304 stainless steels have been widely used in orthodontics and implants such as archwires, brackets, and screws. The purpose of present study was to investigate the biocompatibility of both the commercial microcrystalline biomedical 304 stainless steel (microcrystalline 304ss) and novel-fabricated nanocrystalline 304 stainless steel (nanocrystalline 304ss).

F. L. Nie; S. G. Wang; Y. B. Wang; S. C. Wei; Y. F. Zheng

2011-01-01

481

dental materials 2 7 ( 2 0 1 1 ) 677683 available at www.sciencedirect.com  

E-print Network

the biocompatibility of both the commercial microcrystalline biomedical 304 stainless steel (microcrystalline 304ss and microcrystalline biomedical 304 stainless steel F.L. Niea,b , S.G. Wangc,d , Y.B. Wanga,b , S.C. Weie,f , Y a b s t r a c t Objectives. SUS 304 stainless steels have been widely used in orthodontics

Zheng, Yufeng

482

December 2006 | Volume 4 | Number 1 | e18022 Introduction  

E-print Network

ecosystem involve some of the usual sus- pects (i.e., logging and land use conversion for agriculture for medical uses, the pet trade, and the killing of snakes, poisonous or not, out of fear. It is interesting, Kansas 66045-7561, USA 4Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam

483

Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect Indian Heart Journal  

E-print Network

- 1000 from Colins, Japan which works on the oscillometric principle. Blood pressure cuffs are tied cardiovascular cause as those with coronary or cerebrovascular disease.4 Risk of death in patients of PAD within) abnormalities in sus- pected cases. A detailed clinical history of the patients was taken fol- lowed

Cooper, Robin L.

484

Republicanos contra monrquicos. Del enfrentamiento electoral y parlamentario a la insurreccin federal de 1869  

Microsoft Academic Search

El estudio de la insurreccin federal de 1869 lo hemos centrado en analizar el protagonismo del partido republicano y su aspiracin a tener un espacio poltico de poder en la nueva situacin creada despus de septiembre de 1868. A pesar de su colaboracin con los otros partidos revolucionarios para que triunfe La Gloriosa, pronto ver burladas sus esperanzas de poder

Rosa Monlle Peris

2001-01-01

485

Stress corrosion cracking of austenitic stainless steel. Effect of environmental conditions on crack propagation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an investigation on macrobranching in austenitic stainless steel SUS304, crack propagation in the range of strong macrobranching was studied, and the crack propagation rate and crack shape in hot concentrated magnesium chloride solutions were determined. The following results were obtained: (1) in magnesium chloride solutions, macrobranching was observed at medium temperatures and concentrations; (2) specimens in which there was

Takemota

1982-01-01

486

RECUENTO HISTRICO DE LA ENSEANZA DE LA MEDICINA EN CUBA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Se realiz una revisin bibliogrfica relacionada con la historia de la enseanza de la medicina en Cuba desde la poca colonial hasta los momentos actuales, donde se detallan sus caractersticas en cada fase y se concluye que dicha enseanza estuvo encaminada en las etapas colonial y neocolonial a la prestacin de servicios curativos, adems de ser biologicista y enciclopedista, mientras

Juan Francisco Tejera Concepcin

2008-01-01

487

Diferenciacin en la prestacin de servicios de Medicina Prepagada y Plan Obligatorio de Salud POS. (Caso de estudio)  

Microsoft Academic Search

El Sistema Nacional de Salud, que regulaba la atencin y coberturas en salud en todo el territorio nacional, se haba estructurado como un modelo de operacin determinado por el Estado colombiano, una todas las modalidades de servicios de salud existentes prestados por instituciones tan variadas como empresas privadas, las cuales constituan su propio servicio para sus empleados; ejemplo: cajas de

Julio Hernando Lozano; Alexandra Lozano Marmolejo; Demstenes Lozano Gubbay

2002-01-01

488

54 janvier/fvrier 2013, vol. 89, no 1 --The foresTry ChroniCle  

E-print Network

of woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou). Almost all scenarios induced a disturbance rate likely disturbance dynamics: Can we maintain timber supply, aboriginal land use, and woodland caribou habitat to allow a self-sus- taining woodland caribou population within 25 years. Keywords: ecosystem

Asselin, Hugo

489

Treatment of Obese Diabetic Mice With a Heme Oxygenase Inducer Reduces Visceral and Subcutaneous  

E-print Network

-matched lean mice. Administration of CoPP caused a sus- tained increase in HO-1 protein, prevented weight gain mesoporphyrin (2 mg/100 g SnMP) once a week for 6 weeks. Body weight, blood glucose, and serum cytokines and in cultured MSCs and increased adiponectin levels in the culture media. Inhibition of HO activity decreased

Abraham, Nader G.

490

Industry-University Research in Florida: Incentives, Barriers, and Prospects. A Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project to assess the range of incentives and programs to establish more extensive research relationships between business firms and the Florida State University System (SUS) is described. The focus was research and development in the high-technology areas. Information was sought on incentives and barriers affecting business-university research

Paulson, Steven K.; And Others

491

What is the Radiotherapy Quality Control Program (PQRT) of the National Cancer Institute - Rio de Janeiro\\/Brazil?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Cancer Institute (INCA) Quality Program in Radiotherapy (PQRT) started in 1999 as a 3 years pilot program with only 33 participant institutions. Due to its positive results, it has been integrated to the permanent INCA programs and its activities extended to all the radiotherapy services where patients from the National Health System (SUS) are treated. They are about

Campos de Araujo; Salomon de Souza; Praa Cruz

2004-01-01

492

ESTUDIO DE LA ENTOMOFAUNA SUCESIONAL ASOCIADA A LA DESCOMPOSICI\\  

Microsoft Academic Search

During July to September of 2003, characterization of entomofauna attracted by decomposition of two pigs (Sus scrofa) was carried out in the experimental farm of Federacin Nacional de Cafeteros de Colombia at Consac (Nario). One of the two pigs was used as a control sample. Pioneer settler insects of carcass belonged to families Calliphoridae and Sarcophagidae (Diptera). From Calliphoridae individuals

Jorge Salazar-Ortega

493

Succession pattern of cadaverous entomofauna in a semi-rural area of Bogot, Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of this work was to examine the succession of insects colonizing three pig (Sus scrofa) cadavers in a semi-rural area of Bogot. The 12kg pigs were shot and put into metallic mesh cages to allow access by insects. Arthropods were then sampled at different intervals depending on the corresponding stage of decomposition. In total 5981 arthropods were

Nidya Alexandra Segura; William Usaqun; Magda Carolina Snchez; Lilian Chuaire; Felio Bello

2009-01-01

494

0022-1767/82/1283-1221$02.00/0 THE JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY  

E-print Network

/31 and M3/38, were obtained byfusionof mouse myeloma cellswithrat spleen cells immunized to immunoadsorbent of this absorption. Lymph node and thymus are negative, whereas spleen and bone marrow are weakly absorptive or no absorbing capacity. Cell sus- pensions from spleen, bone marrow, thymus, and periph- eral lymph node are >99

Springer, Timothy A.

495

Aerosol Science and Technology, 38:619638, 2004 Copyright c American Association for Aerosol Research  

E-print Network

controlled by the lenses. Results for an isolated lens or nozzle are used to provide guidance for the design of Particle Beam Collimation: Part II Integrated Aerodynamic-Lens­Nozzle System Xuefeng Zhang,1 Kenneth A a single lens or nozzle, flows of gas­particle sus- pensions through an integrated aerodynamic-lens­nozzle

Jimenez, Jose-Luis

496

LLuunnaa CCrreecciieennttee University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Department of Spanish and Portuguese  

E-print Network

Volkswagen. Su vientre protegido por soldados blancos en fila. El bosque infinito que apunta hacia sus ojos. Camino. Mis manos están húmedas. Dos maletas son mucho para una mujer tan delgada. Lo de siempre. La fila cosquillas. He cruzado un arco detector de metales que ha sonado dos veces. Otra fila interminable de

Saldin, Dilano

497

DNA forensics and the poaching of wildlife in Italy: A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

DNA molecular techniques were used in a forensic investigation involving the poaching of wildlife in a national park of Italy. A poacher, after having snared a wild boar (Sus scrofa) sow, knifed it to death. The animal was retrieved by conservation officers at the scene before the poacher could remove the carcass. Subsequently, the suspect denied the charges. During a

Rita Lorenzini

2005-01-01

498

Mycologia, 94(6), 2002, pp. 10321043. 2002 by The Mycological Society of America, Lawrence, KS 66044-8897  

E-print Network

- portant plants (Correll et al 1991, Leslie 1995, Leslie et al 1990, Sun and Snyder 1981, Varma et al 1974 (Leslie et al 1992, Logrieco et al 1993, Marasas et al 1983, Sewram et al 1999a, 1999b, Shephard et al subject to much controversy (Leslie 1995). This is mainly due to a lack of consen- sus among researchers

499

A sensitive method for confocal fluorescence microscopic visualization of starch granules in iodine stained samples.  

PubMed

Synthesized by glycogen synthase and starch synthases (SS) using ADP-glucose as the sugar donor molecule, glycogen and starch accumulate as predominant storage carbohydrates in most bacteria and plants, respectively. We have recently shown that the so-called "starch-less" Arabidopsis thaliana adg1-1 and aps1 mutants impaired in ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase do indeed accumulate low starch content in normal growth conditions, and relatively high starch content when plants were cultured in the presence of microbial volatiles. Our results were strongly supported by data obtained using a highly sensitive method for confocal fluorescence microscopic visualization of iodine stained starch granules. Using Arabidopsis leaves from WT plants, aps1 plants, ss3/ss4 plants lacking both class III and class IV SS, gbss plants lacking the granule-bound SS, and sus1/sus2/sus3/sus4 plants lacking four genes that code for proteins with sucrose synthase activity, in this work we precisely describe the method for preparation of plant samples for starch microscopic examination. Furthermore, we show that this method can be used to visualize glycogen in bacteria, and pure starch granules, amylose and amylopectin. PMID:22899048

Ovecka, Miroslav; Bahaji, Abdellatif; Muoz, Francisco Jos; Almagro, Goizeder; Ezquer, Ignacio; Baroja-Fernndez, Edurne; Li, Jun; Pozueta-Romero, Javier

2012-09-01

500

PERSPECTIVE Copy-number variation and association studies of  

E-print Network

to be associated with several complex disease phenotypes, including HIV acquisition and progression6,lupus glomerulonephritis7 and three systemic autoimmune diseases: systemic lupus erythemato- sus,microscopic polyangiitisPERSPECTIVE Copy-number variation and association studies of human disease Steven A Mc

McCarroll, Steve