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1

Developing Observation Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We typically know children are learning when they are able to make sense of an object's materials or a situation that was previously a bit mysterious and communicate what they have figured out. But what about observing? One of the process skills listed in the National Science Education Standards (NRC 1996), observation is something students have…

Ashbrook, Peggy

2010-01-01

2

Developing Student Observational Skills: Using Visual Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observations from a study which sought to measure both the effect of television viewing on cultural bias and awareness and also the Hawthorne effect upon an experimental group are compiled in this report. (The Hawthorne effect is a measurable improvement normally shown in any group of subjects who know they are taking part in an experiment.)…

Taylor, Harvey M.

3

Observational Skill-based Clinical Assessment tool for Resuscitation (OSCAR): Development and validation?  

PubMed Central

Aim The aim of the study reported here was to address the need to assess and train teamwork and non-technical skills in the context of Resuscitation. Specifically, we sought to develop a tool that is feasible to use and psychometrically sound to assess team behaviours during cardiac arrest resuscitation attempts. Methods To ensure validity, reliability, and feasibility, the Observational Skill based Clinical Assessment tool for Resuscitation (OSCAR) was developed in 3 phases. A review of the literature leading to initial tool development was followed by an assessment of face and content validity, and finally a thorough reliability assessment, using Cronbach's ? to assess internal consistency and intraclass correlation to assess inter-rater reliability. Results OSCAR was developed methodically, and tested for face and content validity. Cronbach's ? results ranged from 0.736 to 0.965 demonstrating high internal consistency, and intraclass correlation results ranged from 0.652 to 0.911, all of which are strongly significant and indicate good inter-rater reliability. Conclusion On the basis of our results, we conclude that OSCAR is psychometrically robust, scientifically sound, and clinically relevant. We have developed the Observational Skill-based Clinical Assessment tool for Resuscitation (OSCAR) for the assessment of non-technical skills in Resuscitation teams. We propose the use of this tool in simulation and real Cardiac Arrest Resuscitation attempts to assess, guide and train non-technical skills to team members, to improve patient safety and maximise the chances of successful resuscitation.

Walker, S.; Brett, S.; McKay, A.; Lambden, S.; Vincent, C.; Sevdalis, N.

2011-01-01

4

Developing Observational Skills and Knowledge of Anatomical Relationships in an Art and Anatomy Workshop Using Plastinated Specimens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the strong trends in medical education today is the integration of the humanities into the basic medical curriculum. The anatomy program is an obvious choice for using the humanities to develop professionalism and ethical values. They can also be used to develop close observational skills. Many medical schools have developed formal art…

Moore, Charleen M.; Lowe, Constance; Lawrence, Jane; Borchers, Penelope

2011-01-01

5

Developing Observational Skills and Knowledge of Anatomical Relationships in an Art and Anatomy Workshop Using Plastinated Specimens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of the strong trends in medical education today is the integration of the humanities into the basic medical curriculum. The anatomy program is an obvious choice for using the humanities to develop professionalism and ethical values. They can also be used to develop close observational skills. Many medical schools have developed formal art…

Moore, Charleen M.; Lowe, Constance; Lawrence, Jane; Borchers, Penelope

2011-01-01

6

Developing observational skills and knowledge of anatomical relationships in an art and anatomy workshop using plastinated specimens.  

PubMed

One of the strong trends in medical education today is the integration of the humanities into the basic medical curriculum. The anatomy program is an obvious choice for using the humanities to develop professionalism and ethical values. They can also be used to develop close observational skills. Many medical schools have developed formal art observation training in conjunction with nearby art museums to enhance the visual diagnostic skills of their medical students. We report here on an art and anatomy workshop that paired medical and art students who did drawing exercises from plastinated anatomical specimens and the animated face to hone observational skills. Each member of the pair brought a different perspective and expertise to the work that allowed each to be a mentor to the other. The workshop had three sessions: the first involved drawings of plastinated specimens that allowed an intimate experience with authentic human material; the second involved drawings of the human face; and the third included examination of anatomical texts of important anatomist-artists, a lecture on contemporary artists whose work involves anatomy, and a film demonstrating the facial muscles. We propose workshops such as these will help students increase their ability to detect details. This will assist the medical student in developing diagnostic skills for identifying disease and the art student in using the human body as subject. We further propose that these programs will help students develop humanistic sensitivities and provide an outlet for expression of the emotional aspects of dealing with disease and mortality. PMID:21786428

Moore, Charleen M; Lowe, Constance; Lawrence, Jane; Borchers, Penelope

2011-07-22

7

Game Skill Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Before discussing the development of skills for playing elementary school physical education games, this document lists basic assumptions about children, movement education, games, and elementary school physical education. Four basic concepts, which are common to all team games, are identified: (1) use of personal and moving space and finding…

Kisabeth, Kathryn L.

8

Using Field Lab Write-ups to Develop Observational and Critical Thinking Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These assignments are adaptations of field labs to incorporate writing. For each field lab, students write a partial geologic report, consisting of a description (or "Structural Data") section, an interpretation section, and appropriate supporting figures (potentially including stereonets, field sketches, maps, cross-sections, etc.). Handouts given at the beginning of lab list: the goals to be accomplished in the field (measurement of foliations and lineations, measurement of bedding around a fold, description of structures, field sketches, etc.), the figures expected in the write-up (stereonets, field sketches, etc.), a list of information to include in the description section, and a list of questions to address in the interpretation section. Depending on the field area, students may be given two or more competing models to test in the field or may be asked to relate descriptive analysis to kinematic or mechanical analysis. This adaptation can be used for field labs at all levels, from labs designed to review field techniques and identify basic types of secondary structures to labs that simulate research experience. This type of write-up improves student writing by giving students practice using terminology and describing spatial relationships, and improves critical thinking skills by requiring written interpretation of structural data.

Hannula, Kim

9

Developing Geoscience Students' Quantitative Skills  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sophisticated quantitative skills are an essential tool for the professional geoscientist. While students learn many of these sophisticated skills in graduate school, it is increasingly important that they have a strong grounding in quantitative geoscience as undergraduates. Faculty have developed many strong approaches to teaching these skills in a wide variety of geoscience courses. A workshop in June 2005 brought together eight faculty teaching surface processes and climate change to discuss and refine activities they use and to publish them on the Teaching Quantitative Skills in the Geosciences website (serc.Carleton.edu/quantskills) for broader use. Workshop participants in consultation with two mathematics faculty who have expertise in math education developed six review criteria to guide discussion: 1) Are the quantitative and geologic goals central and important? (e.g. problem solving, mastery of important skill, modeling, relating theory to observation); 2) Does the activity lead to better problem solving? 3) Are the quantitative skills integrated with geoscience concepts in a way that makes sense for the learning environment and supports learning both quantitative skills and geoscience? 4) Does the methodology support learning? (e.g. motivate and engage students; use multiple representations, incorporate reflection, discussion and synthesis) 5) Are the materials complete and helpful to students? 6) How well has the activity worked when used? Workshop participants found that reviewing each others activities was very productive because they thought about new ways to teach and the experience of reviewing helped them think about their own activity from a different point of view. The review criteria focused their thinking about the activity and would be equally helpful in the design of a new activity. We invite a broad international discussion of the criteria(serc.Carleton.edu/quantskills/workshop05/review.html).The Teaching activities can be found on the Teaching Quantitative Skills in the Geosciences website (serc.Carleton.edu/quantskills/). In addition to the teaching activity collection (85 activites), this site contains a variety of resources to assist faculty with the methods they use to teach quantitative skills at both the introductory and advanced levels; information about broader efforts in quantitative literacy involving other science disciplines, and a special section of resources for students who are struggling with their quantitative skills. The site is part of the Digital Library for Earth Science Education and has been developed by geoscience faculty in collaboration with mathematicians and mathematics educators with funding from the National Science Foundation.

Manduca, C. A.; Hancock, G. S.

2005-12-01

10

Developing Managerial Skills in Palestine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper assesses the contribution of management training and development programmes (MTPs) to the development of managerial skills in small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Different sets of variables were used to explore the managers' skills development by dividing the managerial skills into three main categories: self, people, and task-related…

Al-Madhoun, Mohammed; Analoui, Farhad

2002-01-01

11

Assessing Skill Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most educators are familiar with instances of authentic assessment of "content" within the disciplines or of authentic assessment of "discipline-specific skills." In such authentic assessments, students apply the knowledge and skills of the discipline to situations or tasks that replicate real world challenges. The measurement of skills is…

Mueller, Jon

2008-01-01

12

Enhancing skills to develop practice.  

PubMed

Nurses are skilful healthcare professionals, but the ability to develop skills depends on our readiness to evaluate what we do. This article describes a three-stage process, which helps nurses to analyse a particular skill and to decide what to do next. PMID:18376634

Price, B

13

Editor's Roundtable: Developing inquiry skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Inquiry skills cannot be taught in only one grade or taught only at the start of the year; and they cannot be taught by having students memorize a set of procedures and definitions for a pencil-and-paper test on "the scientific method." To become proficient in inquiry, students must repeatedly practice these skills in challenging, content-embedded investigations until doing science and thinking like scientists become second nature. This issue of Science Scope offers an excellent selection of articles about developing inquiry skills in middle school students.

Liftig, Inez

2008-09-01

14

Recommended observational skills training for IAEA safeguards inspections. Final report: Recommended observational skills training for IAEA safeguards inspections  

SciTech Connect

This is the second of two reports prepared to assist the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA or Agency) in enhancing the effectiveness of its international safeguards inspections through inspector training in {open_quotes}Observational Skills{close_quotes}. The first (Phase 1) report was essentially exploratory. It defined Observational Skills broadly to include all appropriate cognitive, communications, and interpersonal techniques that have the potential to help IAEA safeguards inspectors function more effectively. It identified 10 specific Observational Skills components, analyzed their relevance to IAEA safeguards inspections, and reviewed a variety of inspection programs in the public and private sectors that provide training in one or more of these components. The report concluded that while it should be possible to draw upon these other programs in developing Observational Skills training for IAEA inspectors, the approaches utilized in these programs will likely require significant adaption to support the specific job requirements, policies, and practices that define the IAEA inspector`s job. The overall objective of this second (Phase 2) report is to provide a basis for the actual design and delivery of Observational Skills training to IAEA inspectors. The more specific purposes of this report are to convey a fuller understanding of the potential application of Observational Skills to the inspector`s job, describe inspector perspectives on the relevance and importance of particular Observational Skills, identify the specific Observational Skill components that are most important and relevant to enhancing safeguards inspections, and make recommendations as to Observational Skills training for the IAEA`s consideration in further developing its Safeguards training program.

Toquam, J.L.; Morris, F.A.

1994-09-01

15

Development and reliability of the explicit professional oral communication observation tool to quantify the use of non-technical skills in healthcare  

PubMed Central

Background A lack of non-technical skills is increasingly recognised as an important underlying cause of adverse events in healthcare. The nature and number of things professionals communicate to each other can be perceived as a product of their use of non-technical skills. This paper describes the development and reliability of an instrument to measure and quantify the use of non-technical skills by direct observations of explicit professional oral communication (EPOC) in the clinical situation. Methods In an iterative process we translated, tested and refined an existing checklist from the aviation industry, called self, human interaction, aircraft, procedures and environment, in the context of healthcare, notably emergency departments (ED) and intensive care units (ICU). The EPOC comprises six dimensions: assertiveness, working with others; task-oriented leadership; people-oriented leadership; situational awareness; planning and anticipation. Each dimension is specified into several concrete items reflecting verbal behaviours. The EPOC was evaluated in four ED and six ICU. Results In the ED and ICU, respectively, 378 and 1144 individual and 51 and 68 contemporaneous observations of individual staff members were conducted. All EPOC dimensions occur frequently, apart from assertiveness, which was hardly observed. Intraclass correlations for the overall EPOC score ranged between 0.85 and 0.91 and for underlying EPOC dimensions between 0.53 and 0.95. Conclusions The EPOC is a new instrument for evaluating the use of non-technical skills in healthcare, which is reliable in two highly different settings. By quantifying professional behaviour the instrument facilitates measurement of behavioural change over time. The results suggest that EPOC can also be translated to other settings.

Kemper, Peter F; van Noord, Inge; de Bruijne, Martine; Knol, Dirk L; Wagner, Cordula; van Dyck, Cathy

2013-01-01

16

Basic visual observation skills training course: Appendix B. Final report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the basic visual observation skills course is to help safeguards inspectors evaluate and improve their skills in making observations during inspections and in evaluating and interpreting this information. The first 12 hours of the course pr...

J. L. Toquam F. A. Morris J. R. Griggs

1995-01-01

17

A Change in Seasons: Increasing Student Observation Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using the seasons in the science classroom increases student observation skills as they focus on subtle differences such as shades of color and differences in structures. In this article, the author presents a variety of activities that can help students identify and demonstrate patterns and changes in leaf or plant development. The ability to…

Sterling, Donna R.

2006-01-01

18

Nude drawing – a relevant tool in Health Professions Education? Developing skills in observation method for reflective physiotherapy practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The Mensendieck physiotherapy programme at Oslo University College includes nude drawing as part of the curriculum. Aim: To explore how nude drawing can be used as a tool for encouraging the students to reflect on observation from different perspectives. Method: The data are based on a thematic analysis of 50 reflection papers. Findings: The students' reflections indicate that nude

Marit Fougner; Hilde Lund Kordahl

2012-01-01

19

Nude drawing – a relevant tool in Health Professions Education? Developing skills in observation method for reflective physiotherapy practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The Mensendieck physiotherapy programme at Oslo University College includes nude drawing as part of the curriculum. Aim: To explore how nude drawing can be used as a tool for encouraging the students to reflect on observation from different perspectives. Method: The data are based on a thematic analysis of 50 reflection papers. Findings: The students' reflections indicate that nude

Marit Fougner; Hilde Lund Kordahl

2011-01-01

20

Cognitive Skill Development in Adult Student Advising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student advising at the University without Walls at the University of Minnesota focuses on developing cognitive skills outlined in Bloom's taxonomy by overseeing student programs and progress through graduation and by early assessment of student skills. Each phase of student advising incorporates one or more specific cognitive skill. (MSE)

Eldred, Marilou Denbo

1981-01-01

21

Basic visual observation skills training course: Appendix B. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the basic visual observation skills course is to help safeguards inspectors evaluate and improve their skills in making observations during inspections and in evaluating and interpreting this information. The first 12 hours of the course provide training in five skill areas: perception and recognition; attention to detail; memory; mental imaging, mapping, and modeling skills; and judgment and decision making. Following this training is an integrating exercise involving a simulated safeguards inspection. This report contains the in-class exercises in the five skill areas; pre- and post-course exercises in closure, hidden figures, map memory, and mental rotations; the final examination; a training evaluation form; and the integrating exercise.

Toquam, J.L.; Morris, F.A.; Griggs, J.R.

1995-06-01

22

Development, Impact, and Measurement of Enhanced Physical Diagnosis Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence suggests that the quality and frequency of bedside clinical examination have declined. We undertook the study to (1) determine whether intensive instruction in physical examination enhances medical student skills and (2) develop a tool to evaluate those skills using a modified observed structured clinical examination (OSCE). This was a…

Smith, Miriam A.; Burton, William B.; Mackay, Meggan

2009-01-01

23

Development, Impact, and Measurement of Enhanced Physical Diagnosis Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evidence suggests that the quality and frequency of bedside clinical examination have declined. We undertook the study to (1) determine whether intensive instruction in physical examination enhances medical student skills and (2) develop a tool to evaluate those skills using a modified observed structured clinical examination (OSCE). This was a…

Smith, Miriam A.; Burton, William B.; Mackay, Meggan

2009-01-01

24

Basic visual observation skills training course. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This is the third report in a series prepared to assist the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA or Agency) in enhancing the effectiveness of its international safeguards inspections through inspector training in Observation Skills. The first report (Phase 1) was essentially exploratory. It defined Observation Skills` broadly to include all appropriate cognitive, communications, and interpersonal techniques that have the potential to help IAEA safeguards inspectors function more effectively. The second report (Phase 2) provided a more specific basis for the actual design and delivery of Observation Skills training to IAEA inspectors. The present report (Phase 3) documents the design of a Basic Visual Observation Skills course and delivery of the course to safeguards inspectors at IAEA Headquarters Vienna in February and May of 1995. The purpose of the course is to help safeguards inspectors evaluate and improve their skills in making observations during inspections and in evaluating and interpreting this information. The course is basic in the sense that it provides training in skills which are generally applicable to inspections of all types of facilities and activities subject to safeguards. The course is designed for 16 hours of classroom delivery, ideally in four 4-hour sessions over a period of four days. The first 12 hours provide training in five skill areas: perception and recognition; attention and attention to detail; memory; mental imaging, mapping, and modeling skills; and judgment and decision making. Following the training in each of the five skill areas is an Integrating Exercise involving a simulated safeguards inspection.

Toquam, J.L.; Morris, F.A.; Griggs, J.R.

1995-06-01

25

Social Skill Development through Math  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|According to the U.S. Department of Education, 90% of the future jobs in the United States will require a college degree, and many of these jobs will be in the service industry (Spellings 2006). Service jobs that require people skills may be more difficult for adults with disabilities. Although many students with disabilities included in general…

Walker, Zachary M.; Hunt, Jessica H.

2011-01-01

26

Developing Good Team-working Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article offers advice to educators on developing learners' collaboration skills through problem solving. The author presents six categories of tasks, each of which addresses a set of teamwork skills (e.g. listening, sharing, reflecting) and includes several tasks which could serve as the vehicle. Links to the tasks, printable materials, and other resources are included.

2010-05-01

27

Development, Assessment, and Promotion of Preliteracy Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A large body of research evidence highlights the required conditions for children to become skilled readers. Within the past decade, research also has uncovered the fact that the origins of skilled reading begin to develop even before children start school. The intent of this article is to provide a brief summary of what is known about the…

Lonigan, Christopher J.

2006-01-01

28

The Training and Validation of Behavior Observation and Description Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching critical treatment-related skills to behavior change agents is an important task. One such treatment-related skill would seem to be the ability to observe and specifically describe ongoing appropriate and inappropriate behaviors. In this study, the effectiveness of a training \\

Daniel D. Dancer; Curtis J. Braukmann; Jean B. Schumaker; Kathryn A. Kirigin; Alan G. Willner; Montrose M. Wolf

1978-01-01

29

Development of future faculty teaching skills.  

PubMed

Doctoral and postdoctoral students considering a career as an educator would be well served by: (1) training in effective classroom communication skills, (2) the use of existing technology in teaching, (3) developing a new course or updating an existing course, and (4) availing themselves of campus teaching resources designed enhance their teaching portfolio. Universities need to place more attention on developing the teaching skills of their doctoral and postdoctoral students. This should include teaching methods and aids, communication skills, motivation, learning theory, testing, counselling and guidance, and course design. An important dimension from a guidance stand point is the conduct of a formal peer review process for beginning faculty. PMID:20491397

Penson, J B

2010-01-01

30

Educating for Sustainability: Developing Critical Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Advocates a critical theory approach to sustainability in business and environmental management education that incorporates a radical change perspective. Provides exercises for developing the critical skills of reflexivity, critique, and social action. (Contains 37 references.) (SK)|

Kearins, Kate; Springett, Delyse

2003-01-01

31

Workforce Skills Development and Engagement in Training through Skill Sets: Literature Review. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This literature review examines the available research on skill sets. It provides background for a larger research project "Workforce skills development and engagement in training through skill sets," the report of which will be released early next year. This paper outlines the origin of skill sets and explains the difference between skill sets…

Mills, John; Bowman, Kaye; Crean, David; Ranshaw, Danielle

2012-01-01

32

The Sign Language Skills Classroom Observation: A Process for Describing Sign Language Proficiency in Classroom Settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

In collaboration with teachers and students at the National Technical Institute for the Deaf (NTID), the Sign Language Skills Classroom Observation (SLSCO) was designed to provide feedback to teachers on their sign language communication skills in the classroom. In the present article, the impetus and rationale for development of the SLSCO is discussed. Previous studies related to classroom signing and

June B. Reeves; William Newell; Barbara Ray Holcomb; Michael Stinson

2000-01-01

33

Skills for Development: A New Approach to International Cooperation in Skills Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Technical and vocational education and training was a central tool of international cooperation in economic development from the 1950s to the 1980s. Recent changes have shifted the focus to skills development, with a broader conceptualization of skills, the need for responsiveness to globalization, and new models of international development

McGrath, Simon

2002-01-01

34

Life skills development through sport: current status and future directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review is designed to summarize and critique current life skills through sport research. In particular, life skills are defined, the conditions needed to examine life skills development are explored, and the possible theoretical explanations of how, when, under what conditions and why life skills develop in sport participants are discussed. A heuristic model of coaching life skills is offered.

Daniel Gould; Sarah Carson

2008-01-01

35

Exploring cognitive skill development in midwifery education.  

PubMed

Changes in maternity services and the role of the midwife mean that the midwife must provide flexible, evidence-based, woman-centred care. As the lead professional, the midwife must use a high level of professional judgement, clinical reasoning and decision-making to enable choice while ensuring the safety and wellbeing of mother and infant. Delayed development of these cognitive skills is suggested by the continuing theory-practice gap, suboptimal practice and students requiring to conform to non-evidence-based practice. The purpose of this research was to explore midwifery students' understanding and experience of the development of cognitive skills. The research employed analysis of undergraduate midwifery programme documentation and a focus group discussion with student midwives from second and third year of the programme. Document analysis and thematic analysis of the interview data indicated a lack of emphasis on cognitive skill development and a sense that these skills improve naturally through exposure to clinical practice. The findings suggest a need to change our approach to learning in clinical practice and to conduct further research to improve understanding of mechanisms to support the development of cognitive skills. PMID:22683107

Lake, Suzanne; McInnes, Rhona J

2012-06-09

36

Development: Ages & Stages--Emerging Physical Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the authors discuss how children develop their motor skills at different age levels. Newborn's movements are jerky and uncoordinated. Spending lots of floor time with a baby lying on her back or stomach helps her develop coordination, balance, and muscle strength during her earliest months. As locomotion enters a baby's life, she…

Poole, Carla; Miller, Susan A.; Church, Ellen Booth

2005-01-01

37

Development of Metacognitive Skillfulness: A Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study shows the results of a two-year longitudinal study where the same participants were followed for two consecutive years as they enter secondary school (aged 12-14 years). The main issue was to investigate the development of both the quantity and the quality of metacognitive skills. Another issue was to establish whether the development

van der Stel, Manita; Veenman, Marcel V. J.

2010-01-01

38

Soccer skill development in talented players.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to gain insight into the development of soccer-specific skills and whether differences between talented players exist on the Loughborough Soccer Passing Test (LSPT). Two scores were derived from the LSPT: 1) execution time: time to complete 16 passes (speed) and 2) skill performance time: execution time including bonus and penalty time for accuracy. The study consisted of 2 parts, the first of which incorporated a quasi-longitudinal design with 270 talented players aged 10-18 years performing the LSPT (661 measurement occasions); multilevel modelling was applied. Secondly, differences between those players allowed to continue in the development program (selected, n=269) and players who were forced to leave (de-selected, n=50) were investigated using independent sample t-tests. The longitudinal data showed that the predicted execution time (i. e., speed) improved approximately 18% from age 10-18 years (P<0.05), skill performance time (i. e., combination of speed and accuracy) was predicted to improve approximately 32% (P<0.05). The second part showed that selected players outscored de-selected players only on skill performance time (P<0.05), not on execution time (P>0.05). In conclusion, in high-level youth soccer, the combination of speed and accuracy in soccer skills might be more important than speed alone. PMID:23459855

Huijgen, B C H; Elferink-Gemser, M T; Ali, A; Visscher, C

2013-03-04

39

How Do Nations Develop Skills? Lessons from the Skill Development Experiences of Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contributes to the partial resolution of the debate regarding the role of governments in leading national upskilling efforts through a descriptive case study of the Singapore system of skills development. The paper identifies the major reasons behind Singapore’s remarkable success in upgrading workforce skills in a relatively short period of 40 years. First, a general linkage between economic

Sarosh Kuruvilla; Rodney Chua

2000-01-01

40

Methods and Strategies: Developing Investigative Skills Purposefully  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Members of a team of educators and university students participating in the project, Pittsburgh Partnership for Energizing Science in Urban Schools, addressed the issue of helping students develop investigative skills within the context of an introductory science unit for fourth graders. The unit focuses on data-collection techniques and is a component of the district's required curriculum. It contains four hands-on investigations, each involving a different technique: rubbing, carbon printing, chromatography, and reflecting. The approach described here can be used as a model to transform the skills learned in a science classroom from general to investigative ones.

Wittfeldt, Claudia; Cartier, Jennifer; Paul, John; Pellathy, Stephen L.

2007-11-01

41

Developing and Assessing College Student Teamwork Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some form of team-oriented work is employed in most, if not all, organizations today. It would seem, then, that an important role for higher education should involve developing critical teamwork skills among students so as to prepare them for success in life. This very point was highlighted in a 2009 poll conducted on behalf of the Association of…

Hughes, Richard L.; Jones, Steven K.

2011-01-01

42

American Indian Life Skills Development Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This culturally relevant curriculum was developed to teach American Indian secondary school students coping and suicide prevention skills. Although the curriculum was designed for high school students, many of the lesson plans and activities can be used with middle school students. The goal is to address the significant problem of suicide among…

LaFromboise, Teresa D.

43

Development of Prosocial Skills. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In part, this focus is a result of substantial research demonstrating strong links between early social competence and later life adjustment and healthy development. The close connection between prosocial skills and a wide variety of future developmental outcomes provides a compelling rationale to examine what factors are associated with…

Parrila, Rauno K.; Ma, Xin; Fleming, Darcy; Rinaldi, Christina

2002-01-01

44

Developing Professional Skills in Journalism through Blogs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The curriculum for journalism is being forced to change because the traditional print-based and broadcast modes are being challenged by wide and easy access to online mass communication. Primarily, students need to develop proficiency in writing, editing and publishing. However, they are also expected to be skilled in the Web medium as they…

Hodgson, Paula; Wong, Dora

2011-01-01

45

Developing Effective Interpersonal Communication and Discussion Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Regardless of the content specialty--from accounting to information systems to finance--employers view effective communication as critical to an individual's success in today's competitive workplace. Most business degree programs require a business communication course to help students develop communication skills needed both in getting a job and…

Smart, Karl L.; Featheringham, Richard

2006-01-01

46

Survival of the fittest [technical skills development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational health is similar to physical health-you have to keep working at it and looking ahead, and not put off responding till symptoms of trouble are obvious. The authors discuss a six step skill development process based on the analogy between physical and technical fitness, will force you to take the initiative and work with management to align its needs

D. B. Youst; L. Lipsett

1994-01-01

47

SKILL DEVELOPMENT THROUGH GAMES AND RHYTHMIC ACTIVITIES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A DISCUSSION OF THE OVERALL OBJECTIVES OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, THE PURPOSES OF DEVELOPING MOVEMENT SKILLS IN GAMES AND RHYTHMS, AND THE ROLE OF THE TEACHER IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION COMPRISES THE INTRODUCTORY CHAPTER OF THIS TEXTBOOK FOR BEGINNING PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHERS. SUCCEEDING CHAPTERS ARE CONCERNED WITH FIVE…

NAGEL, CHARLES; MOORE, FREDRICKA

48

Developing a Cooperative Library Skills Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goals and objectives of a college library instruction program should be developed jointly by library staff and composition faculty. Such a program should (1) attempt to overcome student insecurity and confusion about conducting research; (2) focus on tools and skills necessary at each university level; (3) emphasize the unique aspects of the…

Quantic, Diane Dufva

49

Fast Mapping Skills in the Developing Lexicon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This preliminary investigation was a longitudinal study of fast mapping skills in normally developing children, 16-18 months of age. The purpose was to examine the effects of practice on the accessibility of words in lexical memory. Method: Eight children were taught the names of 24 unfamiliar objects over 12 weekly training sessions.…

Gershkoff-Stowe, Lisa; Hahn, Erin R.

2007-01-01

50

Teaching Writing. Three Seasonal Activities to Hone Kids' Observation Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The seasonal activities presented are: observing herbs to encourage use of the senses in writing; watching a jack-o'-lantern wither to learn skills in writing details; and building snowmen to learn to explain a string of events in writing. (SM)|

Power, Brenda

1997-01-01

51

Developing Transferable Skills: Some Examples from Geomorphology Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates how the development of transferable skills can be promoted as a matter of policy in undergraduate geography programs and implemented throughout individual classes. Defines transferable skills as skills of a widely applicable nature independent of the disciplinary context. Presents two examples of transferable skill development in…

Mottershead, Derek; Suggitt, Steve

1996-01-01

52

What Does the Skill of Observation Look Like in Young Children?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifty?six children, aged between 4 and 11 years, in seven groups, were videoed playing with, being questioned about and sorting a collection of toys in order to identify what skills of observation looked like in young children, how observations influenced other scientific skills and what supported the skill of observation. Children’s skills of observation were found to be similar across

Jane Susan Johnston

2009-01-01

53

Study Skills Package: Development and Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Materials contained within this report are designed to diagnose and remedy student study skill deficiencies in the areas of (a) reading comprehension, (b) memorization, (c) test talking, and (d) concentration management skills. The study skills materials ...

J. L. Dobrovolny B. L. McCombs W. A. Judd

1980-01-01

54

From Competence to Excellence: Developing Excellence in Vocational Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Kingdom's Learning and Skills Development Agency (LSDA), UK SKILLS, and the Further Education Skills Competition Council conducted a collaborative action research project to improve students' vocational learning and skills through enhanced learning experiences. From February 2001 to April 2002, three further education colleges worked to…

Smeaton, Barry; Hughes, Maria; Hall, Graeme

55

Developing nurses' critical thinking skills with concept mapping.  

PubMed

Observations and research in educational and practice settings suggest new nurses are not using critical thinking skills. Teaching strategies traditionally focused on linear modes of thinking--no longer as helpful in today's complex and crisis-driven contexts. Concept mapping has promise of promoting higher levels of thinking and may develop critical thinking--and decision-making skills--in less time and without intensive oversight by staff instructors. A case example is used to demonstrate the design of a concept map. PMID:15586090

Ferrario, Catherine G

56

Developing Skills in Severely and Profoundly Handicapped Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Included in the publication are 10 articles on developing basic skills in severely and profoundly handicapped children. The first paper focuses on the development of object permanence, a basic cognitive skill, while the second and third review procedures for developing self care skills (toileting and eating). A fourth paper discusses an…

Thomas, M. Angele, Ed.

57

Using Library Skills Sets to Design a Staff Development Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of developing a tailored staff development program was to address the specific skills that library staff need to accomplish their jobs. At the Eskind Biomedical Library, all library staff are required to meet a common set of skills. These skills form sets upon which staff evaluations are based. The library staff, therefore, need time, opportunities and the means

Kathel Dunn; Marcia Epelbaum

1997-01-01

58

Developing a thinking skills component in the gifted education program  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of our experience in developing thinking skills components within gifted education programs, we have identified several key issues in the creation of an effective thinking skills program. We believe that although the development of improved questioning strategies and classroom environments to enhance thinking skills is a vital and often neglected aspect of cognitive instruction, the actual teaching

Deborah E. Burns; Sally M. Reis

1991-01-01

59

[In vitro development of laparoscopic skills].  

PubMed

Minimally invasive surgery is a popular alternative to open surgical procedures. Laparoscopic surgeries require highly skilled surgeons with solid theoretical background and significant amount of practice. Pelvitrainers or simulators provide a good opportunity for practicing and developing laparoscopic skills. Laparoscopic training of medical students of the Semmelweis University is performed at the Institute of Experimental Surgery and Surgical Techniques on Apollo pelvitrainers. The trainer, the performed exercises and the time limits have to be validated by several measurements. Statistical evaluation of the results provides a possibility for the numerical evaluation of surgical skills as well as validating the usability of the pelvitrainer. In our study we tested the peg transfer exercise in pelvitrainers on four groups with different surgical background and level of expertise, complete novices (50 persons), medical students (326 persons), surgical residents (15), and experienced surgeons (4), respectively. A time limit of 240 s was defined for novices and 100 s for professionals. During the evaluation of the results the average time and the number of errors were calculated. The mean completion time of amateurs was 365.7 ± 130 s (mean ± standard deviation), with 2.57 errors. The performance of medical students was characterized by 159.3 ± 61.1 s average time with 1.21 errors, the completion time of residents was 257.9 ± 75.7 s with 1.13 error points, and 117.2 ± 29.1 s for the surgeons. These data show significant differences between the group, except between the results of medical students and surgeons. We plan to extend this study with the inclusion of more, experienced surgeons. PMID:22940390

Gödri, Veronika; Haidegger, Tamás; Saftics, György; Sándor, József; Wéber, György

2012-08-01

60

To observe or not to observe peers when learning physical examination skills; that is the question  

PubMed Central

Background Learning physical examination skills is an essential element of medical education. Teaching strategies include practicing the skills either alone or in-group. It is unclear whether students benefit more from training these skills individually or in a group, as the latter allows them to observing their peers. The present study, conducted in a naturalistic setting, investigated the effects of peer observation on mastering psychomotor skills necessary for physical examination. Methods The study included 185 2nd-year medical students, participating in a regular head-to-toe physical examination learning activity. Students were assigned either to a single-student condition (n = 65), in which participants practiced alone with a patient instructor, or to a multiple-student condition (n = 120), in which participants practiced in triads under patient instructor supervision. The students subsequently carried out a complete examination that was videotaped and subsequently evaluated. Student’s performance was used as a measure of learning. Results Students in the multiple-student condition learned more than those who practiced alone (81% vs 76%, p < 0.004). This result possibly derived from a positive effect of observing peers; students who had the possibility to observe a peer (the second and third students in the groups) performed better than students who did not have this possibility (84% vs 76%, p <. 001). There was no advantage of observing more than one peer (83.7% vs 84.1%, p > .05). Conclusions The opportunity to observe a peer during practice seemed to improve the acquisition of physical examination skills. By using small groups instead of individual training to teach physical examination skills, health sciences educational programs may provide students with opportunities to improve their performance by learning from their peers through modelling.

2013-01-01

61

South Africa's Economic Development Trajectory: Implications for Skills Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that skills development in South Africa must be aligned to the economic and political imperatives of reducing unemployment and poverty, while fostering growth and international competitiveness. The legacy of a resource-based economy, overlaid by apartheid policies, has resulted in widespread poverty, inequality and unemployment…

Mayer, Marina J.; Altman, Miriam

2005-01-01

62

Teaching Condom Use Skills: Practice Is Superior to Observation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Men exposed to a condom skills practice exercise were hypothesized to perform better on condom skills measures than those exposed only to a demonstration or to no intervention. As part of a larger National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Clinical Trials Network HIV Prevention protocol, men in substance abuse treatment were administered male and female condom use skills measures (MCUS,

Donald A. Calsyn; Mary A. Hatch-Maillette; Suzanne R. Doyle; Sarah Cousins; TeChieh Chen; Melinda Godinez

2010-01-01

63

Condom-use Skills Checklist: A Proxy for Assessing Condom-use Knowledge and Skills When Direct Observation Is Not Possible  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the continued importance of correct condom-use in controlling the HIV epidemic and the limited availability of tools for assessing correct condom-use, methods for assessing condom-application skills, especially when direct observation is not feasible, are needed. Accordingly, in the context of a high- risk population (The Bahamas) for HIV, a 17-item scale—the Condom-use Skills Checklist (CUSC)—was developed for use

B. Stanton; L. Deveaux; S. Lunn; S. Yu; N. Brathwaite; X Li; L. Cottrell; C. Harris; R. Clemens; S. Marshall

2009-01-01

64

Developing a Political Economy of Skill.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Finds little evidence of a paradigm shift in capitalism or a trend toward a high-skills knowledge economy. Points out problems in demand-side proposals. Concludes that it is necessary to recognize the centrality of conflict, power, and exploitation in capitalism and outlines a radical political economy of skill. (Contains 104 references.) (SK)|

Lloyd, Caroline; Payne, Jonathan

2002-01-01

65

Personal skills development in the accounting curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's challenging economic situation means that it is no longer sufficient for a new graduate to have knowledge of an academic subject; increasingly it is necessary for students to gain those skills which will enhance their prospects of employment. For over a decade, a number of employers have been sounding warnings to the higher education sector that a 'skills gap'

Bob Gammie; Elizabeth Gammie; Erica Cargill

2002-01-01

66

How Do Nations Increase Workforce Skills? Factors Influencing the Success of the Singapore Skills Development System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article contributes to the partial resolution of the debate regarding the role of governments in leading national upskilling efforts through a descriptive case study of the Singapore system of skills development. The article identifies the major reasons behind Singapore's remarkable success in upgrading workforce skills in a relatively short period of 40 years. First, a general linkage between economic

Sarosh Kuruvilla; Rodney Chua

2000-01-01

67

Pupils' Attitudes towards Foreign-Language Learning and the Development of Literacy Skills in Bilingual Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the effects of bilingual teaching on the development of children's literacy skills and attitudes towards language learning. In the bilingual classes 20% of the instruction was given in English. Pupils' literacy skills in the bilingual classes were significantly better than in the monolingual classes. When observing pupils…

Merisuo-Storm, Tuula

2007-01-01

68

Development of Social Skills in Boys with Brain Tumors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children with brain tumors often experience organically based illness- and treatment-related sequelae that interfere with the development of complex social skills necessary for confident, mutually satisfying interactions with peers. This article describes a structured, time-limited group focused on the development of social skills in boys who have a brain tumor. Social support and medical education were additional components. A parallel

Maria Die-Trill; Jonas Bromberg; Beverly Lavally; Lourdes A. Portales; Aurora Sanfeliz; Andrea Farkas Patenaude

1996-01-01

69

A hypermedia approach for developing research and reporting skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whole language and cooperative learning are effective ways to help students develop and integrate academic skill. The computer makes available the possibility of multimedia opportunities to apply whole language, cooperative learning, and other strategies to promote the development of cognitive, affective, and social skills.The project reported in this paper explored a successful strategy for using HyperCard and interactive technology to

Peggy Buffington; Edward L. Vockell

1994-01-01

70

Logistics education : Achieving market and research driven skill development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid changes in practice and further developments of research in logistics challenge educators to further upgrade their courses. This paper makes a case for a stronger focus on integrating hot topics and research skill development in logistics courses. Methods for improving market and professional relevance of courses, as well as, improve research skills of students are presented. Results from a

Remko I. van Hoek

2001-01-01

71

Waukesha County Technical College: Student Development Model. Critical Life Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of an effort to reinforce the general education competencies of students in its Associate in Applied Science degree programs, Waukesha County Technical College (WCTC) conducted two needs assessment surveys to develop a list of critical life skills for integration into existing curricula. Each of the identified skills can be developed in 2…

Anderson, Richard T.

72

Helping Preschoolers Prepare for Writing: Developing Fine Motor Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early childhood is the most intensive period for the development of physical skills. Writing progress depends largely on the development of fine motor skills involving small muscle movements of the hand. Young children need to participate in a variety of developmentally appropriate activities intentionally designed to promote fine motor control.…

Huffman, J. Michelle; Fortenberry, Callie

2011-01-01

73

Developing Reasoning Skills through an Integrated Curriculum Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper advocates an integrated study of English rather than the traditional approach of studying language, literature, and composition. Its focus is not on designing an integrated curriculum, but on using this approach to develop reasoning skills for secondary students. One integrated curriculum program for the development of reasoning skills

Peters, William H.

74

Pharmacist prescribers’ written reflection on developing their consultation skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has long been argued that reflection is an essential element of lifelong learning and professional development, however pharmacy in the UK is still at an early stage in promoting the use of reflection for learning and professional practice development. This study presents an analysis of pharmacists’ written reflection on their consultation skills after a communication skills learning programme. The

Ruth M. Edwards; Jennifer Cleland; Karen Bailey; Seonaid McLachlan

2009-01-01

75

The Port of Baltimore Workplace Skills Development Project. Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Port of Baltimore Workplace Skills Development Project had the following objectives: perform literacy audits on at least 20 job titles within the port-related industries; develop curriculum modules providing literacy skill instruction using a functional context approach reflecting the Port of Baltimore needs; offer instructional services to…

Amarantides, Niki; Blumner, Ellen

76

Using the Microcomputer to Develop Listening Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A college-level introductory Spanish instructional system uses an interactive combination of microcomputer and program-stop tape recorder to enhance students' listening skills. The basic content is listening drills, adapted to the computer medium. Microcomputer use adds considerable versatility to instructional materials, including such features…

Mohler, Stephen C.

77

The Development of Decision-Making Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper suggests an innovative idea of using the "technology fair" as a means for promoting pre-service teachers (university students) decision-making skills. The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of a procedure of working with primary school children to complete and present a technology fair project, on the decision-making…

Mettas, Alexandros

2011-01-01

78

Development of Readability Controlled Basic Skills Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some minimum competency testing programs were created chiefly as a vehicle to improve the quality of basic skills instruction. In these programs, the tests are used to define instructional targets clearly and, thereby, enhance the quality of instruction. Few testing programs have included readability levels in their test specifications. In 1979…

Popham, W. James

79

The Development of Evidence Evaluation Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined developmental differences in evidence evaluation skills among school children, non-college educated adults, and college students, utilizing plant growth variables. Found that children were more strongly influenced by prior beliefs and missing data than were the two adult groups. Age and educational differences were found in the…

Amsel, Eric; Brock, Susan

1996-01-01

80

Developing Social Skills among Day Care Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Constituting a secondary preventive intervention, 61 low SES preschool children attending four inner-city day care centers were provided a program of social skills building exercises. In contrast to primary preventive efforts that focus on a central concern, secondary prevention attends to potentially serious concomitant issues. In this study the…

Jason, Leonard A.; And Others

81

The Development of Evidence Evaluation Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined developmental differences in evidence evaluation skills among school children, non-college educated adults, and college students, utilizing plant growth variables. Found that children were more strongly influenced by prior beliefs and missing data than were the two adult groups. Age and educational differences were found in the…

Amsel, Eric; Brock, Susan

1996-01-01

82

Developing the skills required for evidence-based practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current health care environment requires practitioners with the skills to find and apply the best currently available evidence for effective health care, to contribute to the development of evidence-based practice protocols, and to evaluate the impact of utilizing validated research findings in practice. Current approaches to teaching research are based mainly on gaining skills by participation in the research

Beverley French

1998-01-01

83

Promoting Motor Skill Development through the MOVE Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research proposal reviews the literature on the development of mobility skills in students with severe physical disabilities and proposes a single-subject study, using a multiple baseline across subjects design, to evaluate effects of the Mobility Opportunities Via Education (MOVE) Curriculum on the mobility skills of sitting, standing, and…

Barnes, Stacie B.

84

SIDES: a cooperative tabletop computer game for social skills development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a design case study of SIDES: Shared Interfaces to Develop Effective Social Skills. SIDES is a tool designed to help adolescents with Asperger's Syndrome practice effective group work skills using a four-player cooperative computer game that runs on tabletop technology. We present the design process and evaluation of SIDES conducted over six months with a middle school

Anne Marie Piper; Eileen O'brien; Meredith Ringel Morris; Terry Winograd

2006-01-01

85

Analysis and development of students' skill in selfregulated learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research reported here deals with students' skill in selfregulated learning. After analyzing the essential components of selfregulated learning, theoretical notions are presented on how skill in selfregulated learning could be developed in students. Next, two empirical studies are reported. In the first study, relationships between the components of selfregulated learning are investigated, as well as relationships between those components

Jan D. H. M. Vermunt; FRANK A. W. M. VAN RIJSWIJK

1988-01-01

86

Computer-supported development of critical reasoning skills1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thinking skills are important and education is expected to develop them. Empirical results suggest that formal education makes a modest and largely indirect difference. This paper will describe the early stages of an ongoing curriculum initiative in the teaching of critical reasoning skills in the philosophy curriculum on the Howard College Campus of the University of KwaZulu- Natal (UKZN). The

David Spurrett

2005-01-01

87

Literacy skill retention in adult students in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on adult literacy programs in developing countries contains many references to the phenomenon of relapse into illiteracy. The contention that literacy skills will be lost rests on an assumption that there is nothing with which new readers can practice their skills in rural Third World villages, and relapse into illiteracy is used as a justification for making post-literacy

John P. Comings

1995-01-01

88

Internationalising Professional Skill Development: Are the Rich Getting Richer?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internationalisation of education, and more specifically tertiary education, all over the world has contributed to a significant overhaul in student composition. Parallel to this runs the need for graduates to leave university with a range of professional skills. In response to this, universities actively encourage the development of such skills

Soontiens, Werner

2004-01-01

89

Software that Helps Develop Critical and Analytical Math Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes software programs for use by math teachers in elementary and secondary schools that can be used to help develop critical and analytical math skills. Highlights include programs that link mathematics with daily living skills, programs that stress visual representation, and a software "sampler" that includes educational objectives,…

Corcoran, Ann

1989-01-01

90

Developing the Social Skills of Young Adult Special Olympics Athletes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine if young adult Special Olympics participants could develop, generalize, and maintain target social skills (eye contact, contributing relevant information, and turn taking) as a result of a 14-week Social Skills and Sports (S[superscript 3]) Program that combined classroom instruction with soccer…

Alexander, Melissa G. F.; Dummer, Gail M.; Smeltzer, Ashley; Denton, Stephen J.

2011-01-01

91

A Supervisory Method for Prepracticum Skill Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated student readiness for clinical practicum in speech\\/language pathology. A one group, pretest-treatment-posttest design was used to evaluate the knowledge of beginning graduate students (n=45) in the areas of legal and professional issues, behavioral observation, data collection, and program planning. The treatment program was developed and administered by clinical supervisors who held the Certificate of Clinical Competence in

Patricia A Mercaitis

1993-01-01

92

The Development of Children's Early Memory Skills  

PubMed Central

A multi-task battery tapping nonverbal memory and language skills was used to assess 60 children at 18, 24, and 30 months. Analyses focused on the degree to which language, working memory, and deliberate memory skills were linked concurrently to children’s Elicited Imitation performance, and whether the patterns of association varied across the different ages. Language ability emerged as a predictor of immediate Elicited Imitation performance by 24 months and predicted delayed performance at each age. In addition to the contributions of language, the children’s abilities to search for and retrieve toys in the deliberate memory task were associated with their immediate Elicited Imitation performance at each age. In addition to language, working memory was positively associated with aspects of both immediate and delayed performance at all ages. The extent to which it was possible to replicate and extend previous cross-sectional work in this longitudinal study is discussed.

Haden, Catherine A.; Ornstein, Peter A.; O'Brien, Barbara S.; Elischberger, Holger B.; Tyler, Caroline S.; Burchinal, Margaret J.

2010-01-01

93

The development of evidence evaluation skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess developmental differences in evidence evaluation skills, 77 second- and third-grade students, 85 sixth- and seventh-grade students, 36 non-college-educated adults, and 40 college students were presented with four data sets depicting plants grown by each of four people. The data sets presented a perfect positive or zero correlation between plant health and the presence or absence of one variable,

Susan Brock

1996-01-01

94

Will Skills Save Us? Rethinking the Relationships between Vocational Education, Skills Development Policies, and Social Policy in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines experiences with "skills development" in South Africa to contribute to broader debates about "skills" and the relationships between vocational education and development. Numerous policy interventions and the creation of new institutions and systems for skills development in South Africa are widely seen as having failed to lead…

Allais, Stephanie

2012-01-01

95

Does a brief suicide prevention gatekeeper training program enhance observed skills?  

PubMed Central

Background Suicide is a significant public health problem worldwide that requires evidence-based prevention efforts. One approach to prevention is gatekeeper training. Gatekeeper training programs for community members have demonstrated positive changes in knowledge and attitudes about suicide. Changes in gatekeeper skills have not been well established. Aims To assess and predict the impact of a brief, gatekeeper training on community members’ observed skills. Methods Participants in a community gatekeeper training were employees at US universities. 50 participants were randomly selected for skills assessment and videotaped interacting with a standardized actor prior to and following training. Tapes were reliability rated for general and suicide-specific skills. Results Gatekeeper skills increased from pre- to posttest: 10% of participants met criteria for acceptable gatekeeper skills before training, while 54% met criteria after training. Pretraining variables did not predict increased skills. Limitations Results do not provide conclusions about the relationship between observed gatekeeper skills and actual use of those skills in the future. Conclusions Gatekeeper training enhances suicide-specific skills for the majority of participants. Other strategies, such as behavioral rehearsal, may be necessary to enhance skills in the remaining participants.

Cross, Wendi; Matthieu, Monica M.; Lezine, DeQuincy; Knox, Kerry L.

2010-01-01

96

Training Library Communication Skills: Development of Three Video Tape Workshops.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The development and evaluation of materials for a series of three workshops designed to increase the interpersonal communication skills of the librarian during the reference interview are described. The completed package for this project, 'Librarians Comm...

H. M. Gothberg

1977-01-01

97

Competence Assessment of Laparoscopic Operative and Cognitive Skills: Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) or Observational Clinical Human Reliability Assessment (OCHRA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  There is no agreed system that is acknowledged as the ideal assessment of laparoscopic operative and cognitive skills. A new\\u000a approach that combines Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) and Observational Clinical Human Reliability Assessment\\u000a (OCHRA) was developed and used to assess trainees’ operative and cognitive skills during laparoscopic training courses.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Performance of 60 trainees participating in 3-day essential laparoscopic skills

B. Tang; G. B. Hanna; F. Carter; G. D. Adamson; J. P. Martindale; A. Cuschieri

2006-01-01

98

Stimulating Interest in Natural Sciences and Training Observation Skills: The UAP Observations Reporting Scheme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For a number of reasons the general public and many young people are fascinated by the ideas of UFOs and extra-terrestrial life. As mysteries motivate to gain interest and knowledge, an opportunity exists, throughout these topics, to stimulate the people's interests to natural sciences and technology. A major problem however exists, concerning the fact that the general public generally associates any strange aerial sighting to something exotic, unknown, and to the possibility of extraterrestrial visitations. Rumours, irrational thinking and conspiracy theories prevail around these topics. Launched under the framework of the 2009 International Year of Astronomy, the Unidentified Aerospace Phenomena (UAP) Observations Reporting Scheme seeks to tackle this situation through approaching the topic from a professional and rational perspective, providing an opportunity to teach the public how to think more critically, demystifying UFO events, and ultimately attempting to stimulate the interest in natural sciences and technological disciplines. This is tentatively attempted through the following resources: Firstly, the project's website (1) provides an extensive resource for inquiry-based learning regarding the various natural or man-made phenomena that often give rise to false UAP sightings. It serves as a general forum for educating the public about human, atmospheric and astrophysical phenomena that could be observed in the sky. Secondly, the basic educational information provided on the web site allows potential UAP witnesses to critically evaluate the potential cause of their sightings. Visual descriptions, photos, video clips, tools, and links to relevant websites are provided for each category of phenomena, in order to assist the observer in his self-analysis. Amateur astronomers and societies who receive questions about UFOs can redirect queries to the website. Thirdly, the website provides novice observers viewing tips (e.g. elevation, azimuth, angular size) about how to record as accurately as possible a UAP event, in order to facilitate future identification and study. Lastly, one of the project's objectives is also to collect reports of trained observers (astronomers) of apparently inexplicable events for further analysis. Certainly, whenever there are unexplained observations there is the possibility that scientists could learn something new by studying these events. During this presentation, we will provide an overview of the project, present the website's extensive and well illustrated list of misidentifications, describe how people can further check details, develop their knowledge (e.g. satellite paths, stars/planets charts, characteristics of meteors, pictures of sprites, clouds classification) and enhance their observation skills. In order to show the relevance of the project, a short illustrated list of UAP cases received by the project will be featured, both explained and inexplicable. Finally, we will explore potential plans for strengthening the visibility and usefulness of the project, while requesting feedback from the community of atmospheric and natural sciences' researchers. (1) www.uapreporting.org (*): Disclaimer: Work undertaken as personal work; not endorsed as research activity by ESA.

Ailleris, P.

2012-04-01

99

Movement Skill Assessment of Typically Developing Preschool Children: A Review of Seven Movement Skill Assessment Tools  

PubMed Central

The importance of movement is often overlooked because it is such a natural part of human life. It is, however, crucial for a child’s physical, cognitive and social development. In addition, experiences support learning and development of fundamental movement skills. The foundations of those skills are laid in early childhood and essential to encourage a physically active lifestyle. Fundamental movement skill performance can be examined with several assessment tools. The choice of a test will depend on the context in which the assessment is planned. This article compares seven assessment tools which are often referred to in European or international context. It discusses the tools’ usefulness for the assessment of movement skill development in general population samples. After a brief description of each assessment tool the article focuses on contents, reliability, validity and normative data. A conclusion outline of strengths and weaknesses of all reviewed assessment tools focusing on their use in educational research settings is provided and stresses the importance of regular data collection of fundamental movement skill development among preschool children. Key pointsThis review discusses seven movement skill assessment tool’s test content, reliability, validity and normative samples.The seven assessment tools all showed to be of great value. Strengths and weaknesses indicate that test choice will depend on specific purpose of test use.Further data collection should also include larger data samples of able bodied preschool children.Admitting PE specialists in assessment of fundamental movement skill performance among preschool children is recommended.The assessment tool’s normative data samples would benefit from frequent movement skill performance follow-up of today’s children. Abbreviations MOT 4-6: Motoriktest fur vier- bis sechsjährige Kinder, M-ABC: Movement Assessment Battery for Children, PDMS: Peabody Development Scales, KTK: Körper-Koordinationtest für Kinder, TGDM: Test of Gross Motor Development, MMT: Maastrichtse Motoriektest, BOTMP: Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency. ICC: intraclass correlation coefficient, NR: not reported, GM: gross motor, LV: long version, SV: short version, LF: long form, SF: short form, STV: subtest version, SEMs: standard errors of measurement, TMQ: Total Motor Quotient, TMC: Total Motor Composite, CSSA: Comprehensive Scales of Student Abilities MSEL: Mullen Scales of Early learning: AGS Edition AUC: Areas under curve BC: Battery composite ROC: Receiver operating characteristic

Cools, Wouter; Martelaer, Kristine De; Samaey, Christiane; Andries, Caroline

2009-01-01

100

Relations of Emergent Literacy Skill Development with Conventional Literacy Skill Development in Korean  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated relative contributions of initial status and growth rates of emergent literacy skills (i.e., phonological awareness, letter-name knowledge, vocabulary, and rapid serial naming) to initial status and growth rates of conventional literacy skills (i.e., word reading, pseudoword reading, and spelling) for young Korean…

Kim, Young-Suk; Petscher, Yaacov

2011-01-01

101

Teaching condom use skills: practice is superior to observation.  

PubMed

Men exposed to a condom skills practice exercise were hypothesized to perform better on condom skills measures than those exposed only to a demonstration or to no intervention. As part of a larger National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Clinical Trials Network HIV Prevention protocol, men in substance abuse treatment were administered male and female condom use skills measures (MCUS, FCUS) at preintervention, 2 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months postintervention. The MCUS and FCUS scores were compared for 3 intervention exposure groups (demonstration only [DO, n = 149], demonstration plus practice [D+P; n = 112], attended no sessions [NS, n = 139]) across the 4 assessment time points using a mixed effects linear regression model. There is a statistically significant intervention group-by-time effect (P < .0001) for both the MCUS and FCUS. Post hoc, pairwise linear trends across time indicated that for both the MCUS and the FCUS, the D+P group is significantly superior to the DO group and the NS group. PMID:21038177

Calsyn, Donald A; Hatch-Maillette, Mary A; Doyle, Suzanne R; Cousins, Sarah; Chen, TeChieh; Godinez, Melinda

2010-10-01

102

Maturing brain mechanisms and developing behavioral language skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relation between the maturation of brain mechanisms responsible for the N400 elicitation in the event-related brain potential (ERP) and the development of behavioral language skills was investigated in 12-month-old infants. ERPs to words presented in a picture-word priming paradigm were analyzed according to the infants’ production and comprehension skills as rated by their parents. Infants with high early word

Manuela Friedrich; Angela D. Friederici

2010-01-01

103

Developing mathematical modelling skills: The role of CAS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mathematical modelling as one component of problem solving is an important part of the mathematics curriculum and problem\\u000a solving skills are often the most quoted generic skills that should be developed as an outcome of a programme of mathematics\\u000a in school, college and university. Often there is a tension between mathematics seen at all levels as ‘a body of knowledge’

John Berry

2002-01-01

104

Influence of Previous Knowledge, Language Skills and Domain-specific Interest on Observation Competency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many epoch-making biological discoveries (e.g. Darwinian Theory) were based upon observations. Nevertheless, observation is\\u000a often regarded as ‘just looking’ rather than a basic scientific skill. As observation is one of the main research methods\\u000a in biological sciences, it must be considered as an independent research method and systematic practice of this method is\\u000a necessary. Because observation skills form the basis

Lucia Kohlhauf; Ulrike Rutke; Birgit Neuhaus

2011-01-01

105

Developing Sport Skills. A Dynamic Interplay of Task, Learner, and Teacher. Monograph 2. Motor Skills: Theory into Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This monograph on sport skill development: (1) raises questions concerning the teaching and learning of sport skills; (2) provides a general information base from which answers may be derived; and (3) identifies teaching strategies which appear to facilitate sport skill learning. The monograph's intent is to raise questions as well as to suggest…

Arnold, Ree K. Spaeth

106

Condom-use skills checklist: a proxy for assessing condom-use knowledge and skills when direct observation is not possible.  

PubMed

Because of the continued importance of correct condom-use in controlling the HIV epidemic and the limited availability of tools for assessing correct condom-use, methods for assessing condom-application skills, especially when direct observation is not feasible, are needed. Accordingly, in the context of a high-risk population (The Bahamas) for HIV, a 17-item scale--the Condom-use Skills Checklist (CUSC)--was developed for use among young adolescents and adults. The rationale and approach to developing the scale and some measures of internal consistency, construct validity, and criterion-related validity have been described. It is concluded that the scale offers a reasonable alternative to direct observation among older subjects and that further development may make it more useful among pre-adolescents. PMID:19507756

Stanton, B; Deveaux, L; Lunn, S; Yu, S; Brathwaite, N; Li, X; Cottrell, L; Harris, C; Clemens, R; Marshall, S

2009-06-01

107

Condom-use Skills Checklist: A Proxy for Assessing Condom-use Knowledge and Skills When Direct Observation Is Not Possible  

PubMed Central

Because of the continued importance of correct condom-use in controlling the HIV epidemic and the limited availability of tools for assessing correct condom-use, methods for assessing condom-application skills, especially when direct observation is not feasible, are needed. Accordingly, in the context of a high-risk population (The Bahamas) for HIV, a 17-item scale—the Condom-use Skills Checklist (CUSC)—was developed for use among young adolescents and adults. The rationale and approach to developing the scale and some measures of internal consistency, construct validity, and criterion-related validity have been described. It is concluded that the scale offers a reasonable alternative to direct observation among older subjects and that further development may make it more useful among pre-adolescents.

Deveaux, L.; Lunn, S.; Yu, S.; Brathwaite, N.; Li, X; Cottrell, L.; Harris, C.; Clemens, R.; Marshall, S.

2009-01-01

108

Developing Measures and Predictors of Observation and Inference Abilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The two general problems attacked in this study were the development of observation and inference measures and stimulus settings, and the identification of predictors of these skills which could be used for efficient personnel selection procedures. The sp...

R. J. Orend R. D. Rosenblatt M. J. Michaels M. A. Rimm S. J. Cormier

1976-01-01

109

Developing authentic problem solving skills in introductory computing classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to solve problems is the key to developing software, and it is an ability that can be difficult to learn. Introductory Computer Science students are often taught syntax and semantics, along with simple problems designed to develop logical, structured thinking, but authentic problem-solving skills are rarely developed at these early stages. In this paper we describe an approach

Katrina Falkner; Edward Palmer

2009-01-01

110

Credit Systems for Learning and Skills: Current Developments. LSDA Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In January 2003, a national working group was established to review past and current credit developments in England and recommend ways of taking learning credit developments forward in the future. The Learning Skill and Development Agency's case for credit was said to rest on the objectives of recognizing achievement and motivating learners and…

Tait, Tony

111

Exploring perceived life skills development and participation in sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organised sport provides favourable conditions for positive psychosocial development. However, few studies have examined how sport facilitates positive development. The purpose of this study was to explore how perceived life skills were developed. Five formal, semi?structured interviews and around 30 hours of informal discussions were conducted with a single participant. Resultant transcripts were subjected to Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Findings reveal

Martin I. Jones; David Lavallee

2009-01-01

112

Developing a Measurement Strategy for Assessing Family Caregiver Skills: Conceptual Issues  

PubMed Central

This report presents a conceptual approach to assessing skills of family caregivers for persons with Alzheimer’s disease and recommends next steps for development of this science. Researchers used multiple methods to develop a conceptual strategy for assessing family caregiver skills. Study participants included clinical/outreach staff from an Alzheimer’s Disease Center, nursing faculty with expertise in dementia care, and family caregivers. Mixed methods contributed to the conceptual clarification of caregiving skill and to the development of three approaches to assessing caregiver skill: caregiver self report, clinician assessment, and direct observational assessment. Caregiver effectiveness has the potential to affect the process of caregiving and outcomes for the person with dementia and caregiver.

Farran, Carol J.; McCann, Judith J.; Fogg, Louis G.; Etkin, Caryn D.

2009-01-01

113

Skill and tactical development during a sport education season.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine the development of skill competence and tactical sophistication during a games unit conducted following the features of sport education provided by Siedentop (1994). One team of six players was followed through a 30-lesson season of "Ultimate." Using Gréhaigne, Godbout, and Bouthier's (1997) formula for an efficiency index, together with a number of other measures of skill and tactical competence, it was determined that these students made significant improvements in selection and execution dimensions of the game. Furthermore, lower skilled students did not feel marginalized within their teams and believed they had equal opportunities for improvement. The key reasons for developing competence in this setting were the sufficient length of the season to allow for significant practice opportunities and the consistent team membership throughout season, which allowed all players to develop a sense of usefulness. This curriculum model provides one way students can develop skills through a system of game playing, provided sport education units are structured to prevent the more skillful players from dominating the games. PMID:9864755

Hastie, P A

1998-12-01

114

Immigrants in Spain: skills acquisition and development. A regional study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The consequences of international migration for development in countries of origin and destination remain hotly debated. The immigration flows could be considered an appropriate mechanism to contribute to the development of origin countries if they recognize the qualifications of immigrants or contribute to the acquisition of skills. Correspondence analysis is used to determine the relation between education level, job position

Ignacio Díaz-Emparanza; Alexandra M. Espinosa

2002-01-01

115

Young Children's Computer Skills Development from Kindergarten to Third Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This investigation explores young children's computer skills development from kindergarten to third grade using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) dataset. The sample size of the study was 8642 children. Latent growth curve modeling analysis was used as an analytical tool to examine the development of children's computer…

Sackes, Mesut; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Bell, Randy L.

2011-01-01

116

Life Development Intervention for Athletes: Life Skills through Sports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes sport psychology and model for practice consistent with training of counseling psychologists as teachers of life skills. Examines role that sport plays in society and its importance for development of identity and personal competence. Delineates life development intervention (LDI) and psychoeducational model for practice of sport…

Danish, Steven J.; And Others

1993-01-01

117

Life Development Intervention for Athletes: Life Skills through Sports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes sport psychology and model for practice consistent with training of counseling psychologists as teachers of life skills. Examines role that sport plays in society and its importance for development of identity and personal competence. Delineates life development intervention (LDI) and psychoeducational model for practice of sport…

Danish, Steven J.; And Others

1993-01-01

118

Developing and Testing Competency Levels for Laparoscopic Skills Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypothesis: Expert levels can be developed for use as training end points for a basic video-trainer skills curriculum, and the levels developed will be suitable for training. Design: Fifty subjects with minimal prior simulator ex- posure were enrolled using an institutional review board- approved protocol. As a measure of baseline perfor- mance, medical students (n=11) and surgery residents (n=39) completed

James R. Korndorffer; Daniel J. Scott; Rafael Sierra; William C. Brunner; J. Bruce Dunne; Douglas P. Slakey; Michael C. Townsend; Robert L. Hewitt

2005-01-01

119

Job Training Analysis: A Process for Quickly Developing a Roadmap for Teaching and Evaluating Job Skills.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes a process for quickly developing information that is useful for skills training. The process is called job training analysis (JTA). Its main use is to structure skills training at the jobsite. JTA supports structured skills training ...

W. J. Wiehagen D. W. Conrad J. M. Baugher

2006-01-01

120

Using constructive alignment theory to develop nursing skills curricula.  

PubMed

Constructive alignment theory has been used to underpin the development of curricula in higher education for some time (Biggs and Tang, 2007), however, its use to inform and determine skills curricula in nursing is less well documented. This paper explores the use of constructive alignment theory within a study of undergraduate student nurses undertaking clinical skill acquisition in the final year of a BSc (Hons) Nursing course. Students were followed up as newly qualified nurses (NQN) (n = 58) to ascertain the impact of skill acquisition in this way. Comparisons were made with newly qualified nurses who did not participate in a constructively aligned curriculum. This mixed methods study reported skill identification within the immediate post-registration period and evaluated the constructively aligned curriculum as having positive benefits for NQNs in terms of confidence to practice. This was supported by preceptors' views. The study recommends two process models for nursing skills curriculum development and reports that constructive alignment is a useful theoretical framework for nurse educators. PMID:21664187

Joseph, Sundari; Juwah, Charles

2011-06-12

121

Skilled Comprehension and Its Development through Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addresses myth that children can comprehend text simply because they can decode the words in it. Provides evidence to support claim that developing readers benefit from explicit teaching of comprehension strategies via direct explanation and modeling of strategies. (Author/JDM)|

Pressley, Michael; Wharton-McDonald, Ruth

1997-01-01

122

Developing Staff IT Skills in the Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reflects on changes sought in the Faculty of Arts at the University of Melbourne (Australia) as a way to encourage greater involvement with online technologies. Specifically, the paper looks at staff development as a central component to changes, maps out where the faculty has gone, and takes a brief look at where it is headed. An…

Gruba, Paul

123

The Zuni Life Skills Development Curriculum: Description and Evaluation of a Suicide Prevention Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

In collaboration with the Zuni pueblo, a culturally tailored intervention program was designed using a model of social cognitive development to remediate the behavioral and cognitive correlates of suicide. The Zuni Life Skills Development curriculum was introduced in the tribal high school and evaluated using a multimethod approach including self-report, behavioral observation, and peer rating. Students exposed to the curriculum

Teresa LaFromboise; Beth Howard-Pitney

1995-01-01

124

The characteristics, qualities and skills of practice developers.  

PubMed

There is a growing interest in practice development as a systematic process for the development of quality patient care. Whilst there is a range of accounts of practice development in the literature, little work has been undertaken to develop an understanding of the systems and processes involved and there is even less on the roles involved in practice development. This paper explores in particular the characteristics, qualities and skills of practice developers, i.e. professionals who have formal responsibility for developing practice in organizations. The paper represents part of a larger study exploring the conceptual basis of the term 'practice development'. Data for this part of the project were collected through literature analysis, seven focus groups involving 60 practice developers and telephone interviews with 25 practising nurses with experience of working with practice developers. The data were analysed using cognitive mapping processes. Four role functions are presented in the paper, as well as qualities and skills needed to operationalize the identified role functions. A clear picture of the skills and qualities required by practice developers emerges from the data. PMID:12709105

McCormack, Brendan; Garbett, Robert

2003-05-01

125

Development of the skills of classification using television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusion  \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a 1. \\u000a \\u000a This study failed to reject the null hypothesis that the televised lesson were as effective as classroom lessons in helping\\u000a first grade children deveop and use the skill of classification.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a 2. \\u000a \\u000a Free choice of individual follow-up activities for the television science lessons was as effective as teacher-designed pre-\\u000a and postlesson activities in helping children develop their skills of

Minaruth Galey; Kenneth D. George

1974-01-01

126

SOCIAL: An Integrative Framework for the Development of Social Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite significant advances in the field of social neuroscience, much remains to be understood regarding the development and maintenance of social skills across the life span. Few comprehensive models exist that integrate multidisciplinary perspectives and explain the multitude of factors that influence the emergence and expression of social…

Beauchamp, Miriam H.; Anderson, Vicki

2010-01-01

127

Use of Gesture Development in Profiling Children's Prelinguistic Communication Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Comparing children's skills across and within domains of development has become a standard in providing early intervention services. Profiling a child's strengths and challenges can help in making decisions regarding eligibility, diagnosis, and intervention. Profiling is particularly important for children who are not yet talking, due to…

Crais, Elizabeth R.; Watson, Linda R.; Baranek, Grace T.

2009-01-01

128

Development and Validation of a Microcounseling Skill Discrimination Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A Microcounseling Skill Discrimination Scale (MSDS) was developed to measure ability to discriminate between effective and ineffective verbal and nonverbal helping messages. Both trained and naive groups successfully discriminated between effective and ineffective verbal and nonverbal helping messages, with trained raters showing a greater range…

Lee, Dong Yul; And Others

1976-01-01

129

Assessing Aptitude and Attitude Development in a Translation Skills Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the effects on EFL students of using Blackboard technology and online dictionaries in developing translating skills and building positive attitudes towards translation in male Saudi college students. The study compares two groups of students in a translation course; one in a traditional, face-to-face setting (control) and…

Mekheimer, Mohamed Amin A.

2012-01-01

130

Assessing Aptitude and Attitude Development in a Translation Skills Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the effects on EFL students of using Blackboard technology and online dictionaries in developing translating skills and building positive attitudes towards translation in male Saudi college students. The study compares two groups of students in a translation course; one in a traditional, face-to-face setting (control) and…

Mekheimer, Mohamed Amin A.

2012-01-01

131

Developing Coping Skills in Early Childhood: Theory and Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses techniques that child care workers can utilize to foster the development of coping skills in young children. Emphasizes the difference between psychological immunity to stress based on problem-solving abilities and pseudo-immunity created by overprotectiveness. Holds that challenges build children's competence and self-esteem.…

Forquer, Sandra L.

1982-01-01

132

Use of Gesture Development in Profiling Children's Prelinguistic Communication Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Comparing children's skills across and within domains of development has become a standard in providing early intervention services. Profiling a child's strengths and challenges can help in making decisions regarding eligibility, diagnosis, and intervention. Profiling is particularly important for children who are not yet talking, due to…

Crais, Elizabeth R.; Watson, Linda R.; Baranek, Grace T.

2009-01-01

133

Using Online Corpora to Develop Students' Writing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Large corpora such as the British National Corpus and the COBUILD Corpus and Collocations Sampler are now accessible, free of charge, online and can be usefully incorporated into a process writing approach to help develop students' writing skills. This article aims to familiarize readers with these resources and to show how they can be usefully…

Gilmore, Alex

2009-01-01

134

Maturing Brain Mechanisms and Developing Behavioral Language Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relation between the maturation of brain mechanisms responsible for the N400 elicitation in the event-related brain potential (ERP) and the development of behavioral language skills was investigated in 12-month-old infants. ERPs to words presented in a picture-word priming paradigm were analyzed according to the infants' production and…

Friedrich, Manuela; Friederici, Angela D.

2010-01-01

135

Integration of Trainees with Disabilities into Skills Development Training Programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sri Lanka can take smaller steps to begin the process and to gain experience with the issues related to the integration of trainees with disabilities into its formal and informal vocational training system. This brief paper, prepared at the request of the Secretary Ministry of Vocational Training, Skills Development and Technical Education, Sri Lanka, is designed to identify a framework

136

SOCIAL: An Integrative Framework for the Development of Social Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite significant advances in the field of social neuroscience, much remains to be understood regarding the development and maintenance of social skills across the life span. Few comprehensive models exist that integrate multidisciplinary perspectives and explain the multitude of factors that influence the emergence and expression of social…

Beauchamp, Miriam H.; Anderson, Vicki

2010-01-01

137

Longitudinal Development of Conservation Skills in Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A longitudinal investigation on development of conservation skills in 31 learning disabled (LD) children suggested that delayed transition between preoperational and concrete operational thought may be an important factor in understanding the continued school failure of learning disabled children. (Author/CL)

Speece, Deborah L.; And Others

1986-01-01

138

The Dynamic Association between Motor Skill Development and Physical Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although significant attention has been given to promoting physical activity among children, little attention has been given to the developmental process of how children learn to move or to the changing role that motor skill development plays in children's physical activity levels as they grow. In order to successfully address the obesity…

Stodden, David F.; Goodway, Jacqueline D.

2007-01-01

139

Alberta college developing audit system to monitor physician skills.  

PubMed Central

Within 10 years the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Alberta hopes to have an audit program in place to monitor the clinical skills of all physicians. The decision to develop an audit program resulted from a college-sponsored survey which indicated that many Albertans were surprised and concerned to learn that physician audits did not already exist.

Waters, G

1995-01-01

140

Using brain skill assessments to increase productivity in development administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes how brain skill assessments can be used in developing countries to increase organizational productivity. Three broad styles (left, right and integrative) are first identified and described. Then the article explains how brain style assessments can be specifically used to help solve many typical organizational management problems such as organizing cross-cultural groups to implement programs effectively.

Weston H. Agor

1984-01-01

141

Factors that Influence Women's Technical Skill Development in Outdoor Adventure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a theoretical foundation for understanding women's technical skill development (TSD) in outdoor adventure. An examination of societal and biological factors influencing women's TSD focuses on gender role socialization, sense of competence, technical conditioning, sexism, spatial ability, and risk-taking. The article suggests…

Warren, Karen; Loeffler, TA

2006-01-01

142

Assessment of counselling skills development: The learning record  

Microsoft Academic Search

The RSA Certificate in Counselling Skills in the Development of Learning has emerged as a significant nationally validated course and award for staff working in post-compulsory education and training. The award encourages the uses of experiential learning and of self-assessment. The approach used to reflect on experience is the Learning Record, which is also the basis of, and mechanism for,

Andrew Pates; Eddy Knasel

1989-01-01

143

United Kingdom: Skills Development for the Twenty-First Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Learning and Skills Development Agency (LSDA), together with the British Council, provides the leadership for the UNEVOC centre in the United Kingdom (UK). LSDA is a strategic national agency whose mission is to improve the quality of post-16 education and training in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It does this by conducting research to…

Baines, John; Cohen, Judith; Martin, Stephen

2005-01-01

144

Developing Reading and Literacy Skills in Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study examines the Saudi national reading curriculum for Grades 1-6; defines the word identification, reading comprehension and teaching approaches; describes the reading lesson design, reading themes, the word identification and reading comprehension skills developed; and reports the strengths and weaknesses of the reading curriculum.…

Al-Jarf, Reima

2007-01-01

145

Skills development for poverty reduction (SDPR): The case of Tajikistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vocational education and training (VET) can contribute to the attainment of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. A key to economic and social progress is the training of better-qualified individuals and skilled enterprise staff who will be more productive, improving goods, increasing incomes and adapting to changing markets. Experts from international cooperation agencies see VET projects as suitable instruments for

Manfred Wallenborn

2009-01-01

146

Skills Development for Poverty Reduction (SDPR): The Case of Tajikistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Vocational education and training (VET) can contribute to the attainment of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. A key to economic and social progress is the training of better-qualified individuals and skilled enterprise staff who will be more productive, improving goods, increasing incomes and adapting to changing markets. Experts…

Wallenborn, Manfred

2009-01-01

147

The Role of Cognitive Skills in Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of improved schooling, a central part of most development strategies, has become controversial because expansion of school attainment has not guaranteed improved economic conditions. This paper reviews the role of cognitive skills in promoting economic well-being, with a particular focus on the role of school quality and quantity. It concludes that there is strong evidence that the cognitive

Eric A. Hanushek; Ludger Woessmann

2008-01-01

148

Global Perspectives: Developing Media Literacy Skills to Advance Critical Thinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Women's studies and feminist curricula have been lauded for the development and application of critical thinking skills for social and political change in its students (Fisher; Kellner and Share; Mayberry). Critical thinking can be defined as the ability to identify and challenge assumptions, to search for alternative ways of thinking, and to…

Radeloff, Cheryl L.; Bergman, Barbara J.

2009-01-01

149

Developing Young Students' Informal Inference Skills in Data Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper focuses on developing students' informal inference skills, reporting on how a group of third grade students formulated and evaluated data-based inferences using the dynamic statistics data-visualization environment TinkerPlots[TM] (Konold & Miller, 2005), software specifically designed to meet the learning needs of students in the…

Paparistodemou, Efi; Meletiou-Mavrotheris, Maria

2008-01-01

150

Sustainable Vocational Skills Development for Poverty Reduction in Northern Ghana  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vulnerability of the youth, in terms of unemployment, in Northern Ghana is manifest by persistent migration streams to Southern Ghana and its attendant negative effects, such as high crime rate. Vocational skills development has been identified as one effective means of tackling the unemployment problem of the area, which could ultimately reduce the inherent migration trends. This paper analyses

Braimah Imoro; Kwame Obeng Nti

2009-01-01

151

Managerial Skills in Vocational Education Curriculum Development Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A project was conducted to develop, field test, and disseminate a curriculum guide for vocational education teachers to use in teaching managerial skills to vocational education students on the secondary level. After a cadre of 20 Arkansas secondary vocational education teachers who were either directly involved or interested in establishing a…

Clayton, Dean; Park, Ok

152

Developing Career and Employability Skills: A US Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Western Michigan University's technical teacher education program developed a course on teaching career and employability skills using state standards and benchmarks as a framework. Preservice teachers complete five projects: job shadowing, professional portfolio, written lesson plan, videotape and self-critique of lesson plan, and an application…

Zinser, Richard

2003-01-01

153

Development of an integrated process skill test: TIPS II  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this project was to develop a valid and reliable science process skill test for middle and high school students. Multiple-choice items were generated for each of five objectives. Following pilot testing and revision, the test was administered to middle and high school students in the northeastern United States. The 36-item test can be completed in a normal class period. Results yielded a mean score of 19.14 and a total test reliability of 0.86. Mean difficulty and discrimination indices were 0.53 and 0.35, respectively. Split-test correlations coefficients between TIPS II and the original TIPS items were 0.86 and 0.90. TIPS II provides another reliable instrument for measuring process skill achievement. Additionally, it increases the available item pool for measuring these skills.

Burns, Joseph C.; Okey, James R.; Wise, Kevin C.

154

Comparing polarized perspectives: librarians' professional skills and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The main aim of the research conducted was to identify whether the particular country environment of today's professional librarian impacts upon his\\/her skills capabilities as well as upon his\\/her access to opportunities for continued development. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data was sourced by means of a survey administered to professional librarians mainly from the developing Caribbean Region and the developed

Meerabai Gosine-Boodoo; Mark McNish

2005-01-01

155

Nowcast Skill of the New York Harbor Observation and Prediction System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The New York Harbor Observing and Prediction System (NYHOPS) provides nowcasts and forecasts of surface/bottom currents, salinities and temperatures, waves, and water level, for the New York /New Jersey Harbor Estuary including the waters eastward to the continental shelf break of the New York Bight and Long Island Sound in one contiguous fashion. The system has been in operation since the end of 2003. The operations, from the acquisition of oceanographic and meteorological data to the delivery of marine nowcast/forecast information to a wide group of users are now automated. The observational system consists of shore-based and moored platforms at strategic locations inside the harbor, and at four sites along the coast of New Jersey, most of them equipped with both oceanographic and meteorological sensors. Ferry-based conductivity and temperature sensors are also part of the observational network. The Stevens web site imports and serves all available real-time data (www.stevens.edu/maritimeforecast). The prediction system is based on the Princeton Ocean Model and is designed to provide accurate and comprehensive realizations of meteorological and oceanographic conditions. Forcing is based on NOAA/NWS/NCEP's Mesoscale Eta 12km atmospheric forecast model, USGS river flow gauges, NOAA/NOS water level stations and effluents from 110 wastewater treatment plants. The water level at all the open boundary locations is specified by a combination of a reconstructed tidal record using tidal harmonics and by persisting the low frequency observed water level variation at Atlantic City, NJ. Temperature and salinity at the open boundaries are taken from climatology. The system is designed to automatically transfer forcing data and perform forecasts once daily, at 0000 hours. In order to firmly establish the credibility and robustness of NYHOPS, a skill assessment protocol continually runs in the background. This protocol has been implemented to quantify the accuracy of the system products. The first step in the assessment process, to be reported here, involves the nowcast portion of the forecast system. Point measurements and spatial maps of observed water levels, temperature and salinity at ten spatially distributed locations have been used to determine the skill of the system nowcasts. While the analysis indicates that the system skill is quite reasonable, regions have been identified where higher model resolution and better observational coverage are needed. A data assimilation scheme suitable for the highly variable NYHOPS environment is being developed and implemented. The scheme is being guided by the distribution of model errors.

Blumberg, A. F.; Bruno, M. S.; Fullerton, B.; Fan, S.

2004-12-01

156

Does the inclusion of 'professional development' teaching improve medical students' communication skills?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  This study investigated whether the introduction of professional development teaching in the first two years of a medical\\u000a course improved students' observed communication skills with simulated patients. Students' observed communication skills were\\u000a related to patient-centred attitudes, confidence in communicating with patients and performance in later clinical examinations.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Eighty-two medical students from two consecutive cohorts at a UK medical school completed

Katherine Joekes; Lorraine M Noble; Angela M Kubacki; Henry WW Potts; Margaret Lloyd

2011-01-01

157

Social networks and the development of social skills in cowbirds  

PubMed Central

The complex interrelationships among individuals within social environments can exert selection pressures on social skills: those behaviours and cognitive processes that allow animals to manipulate and out-reproduce others. Social complexity can also have a developmental effect on social skills by providing individuals with opportunities to hone their skills by dealing with the challenges posed in within-group interactions. We examined how social skills develop in captive, adult male brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) that were exposed to differing levels of ‘social complexity’ across a 2-year experiment. After each year, subjects housed in groups with dynamic social structure (where many individuals entered and exited the groups during the year) outcompeted birds who had been housed in static groups. Exposure to dynamic structure subsequently led to substantial changes to the social networks of the home conditions during the breeding season. Static groups were characterized by a predictable relationship between singing and reproductive success that was stable across years. In dynamic conditions, however, males showed significant variability in their dominance status, their courting and even in their mating success. Reproductive success of males varied dramatically across years and was responsive to social learning in adulthood, and socially dynamic environments ‘trained’ individuals to be better competitors, even at an age when the development of many traits important for breeding (like song quality) had ended.

White, David J.; Gersick, Andrew S.; Snyder-Mackler, Noah

2012-01-01

158

Developing an equipment library for clinical skills and simulation training.  

PubMed

This article describes the the development of a regional equipment library for clinical skills and simulation training. This was a project undertaken to address a reduction in the available funding for the purchasing of clinical skills equipment throughout the Yorkshire and Humber region. It was envisaged that utilizing regionally accessible equipment through the development of an equipment library could support clinical areas with no other means of acquiring the necessary equipment for training. A consultation exercise met with initial concerns around the cost of some of this equipment and who would be responsible for the repair, transportation costs and maintenance. A SWOT analysis identified how these concerns may be addressed and processes of developing a database, tracking usage and auditing of the service emerged. PMID:21841634

Barrott, Joanne; Hope, Angela

2011-08-01

159

Evaluation of a Classwide Teaching Program for Developing Preschool Life Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recently, nonmaternal center-based child care has been linked to problem behavior in young children (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 2003). In response, a comprehensive program to promote prosocial skills was evaluated in a classroom of 16 children between the ages of 3 years and 5 years. Classroom observations were…

Hanley, Gregory P.; Heal, Nicole A.; Tiger, Jeffrey H.; Ingvarsson, Einar T.

2007-01-01

160

Effective Strategies and Activities for Developing Soft Skills, Part 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Employers seek employees who possess soft skills. Employees who do not have excellent soft skills may not experience success in obtaining and sustaining employment. McEwen's (2010) framework for skill-building--introduce, explain, practice, and reinforce--was used to describe activities for enhancing soft skills. Assessment of soft skills

Blaszczynski, Carol; Green, Diana J.

2012-01-01

161

Reattraction of needed skills to developing countries of origin.  

PubMed

This research note briefly outlines International Labour Organization concerns about return migration in developing countries, research being done in the field, and activities in related fields. Attention is being focused on the following topics and areas of study: 1) recommendations and conventions which cover workers generally and migrant workers particularly; 2) measures to avoid the departure of skilled workers from developing countries; 3) special problems encountered in improving migrant professionals' working conditions; 4) developing a central pool of information on labor markets and employment at the international level; 5) bilateral or multilateral migration agreements to optimize the flows of health personnel, scientific workers, engineers, and high level technicians, protecting their rights, and facilitating their reintegration into the country of origin; 6) creating a compensation scheme for skill outflows and training substitutes to fill the gaps left behind by migration; 7) classifying migratory policies adopted by developing countries; 8) reattraction of needed skills to developing countries of origin; 9) transfer of know-how through expatriate nationals; 10) labor reinsertion patterns of migrants returning to Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain; 11) Socioeconomic reintegration of migrants returning to Pakistan and Uruguay; and 12) Sri Lanka's experience with self-employment schemes for returned migrants. PMID:12314942

Bautista, E B

1986-03-01

162

"Play Skills" for Shy Children: Development of a "Social Skills Facilitated Play" Early Intervention Program for Extremely Inhibited Preschoolers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study was to develop and provide a preliminary evaluation of a social-skills-based early intervention program specifically designed to assist extremely inhibited preschoolers. Participants were a sample of n = 522 extremely inhibited preschool-aged children, who were randomly assigned to either the "Social Skills

Coplan, Robert J.; Schneider, Barry H.; Matheson, Adrienne; Graham, Allison

2010-01-01

163

A Review of the Literature on Psychomotor Skill Development: Implications for the Teaching of Machine Use Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Summarizes research regarding psychomotor skill development in technical education and offers suggestions for teaching machine use skills. Four tables display data from various researchers' studies under headings for models for classifying the psychomotor domain, knowledge of results, type of feedback, and type of video feedback. (MF)|

Braverman, Barbara B.; DeCaro, James J.

1979-01-01

164

Use of Digital Video to Assess Orientation and Mobility Observational Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the observational skills in orientation and mobility (O&M) of nine university students and nine certified O&M specialists using a digital video assessment. The students differed from the O&M specialists in their stylistic observations and the details of their responses. Implications for the improvement of video assessments are…

Zebehazy, Kim T.; Zimmerman, George J.; Fox, Lynn A.

2005-01-01

165

Maturing brain mechanisms and developing behavioral language skills.  

PubMed

The relation between the maturation of brain mechanisms responsible for the N400 elicitation in the event-related brain potential (ERP) and the development of behavioral language skills was investigated in 12-month-old infants. ERPs to words presented in a picture-word priming paradigm were analyzed according to the infants' production and comprehension skills as rated by their parents. Infants with high early word production displayed an N400 semantic priming effect already at 12 months. Infants with low early word production did not show this effect, not even for those words that parents rated to be comprehended by their child. The results suggest that the very early functioning of the neural mechanisms underlying N400 generation is related to the infants' state of behavioral language development. The possible functional relation of the N400 neural mechanisms and the infant's word learning ability is discussed. PMID:19665783

Friedrich, Manuela; Friederici, Angela D

2009-08-08

166

Reading Instruction Affects the Cognitive Skills Supporting Early Reading Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the cognitive skills associated with early reading development when children were taught by different types of instruction. Seventy-nine children (mean age at pre-test 4;10 (0.22 S.D.) and post-test 5;03 (0.21 S.D.)) were taught to read either by an eclectic approach which included sight-word learning, guessing from context and…

McGeown, Sarah P.; Johnston, Rhona S.; Medford, Emma

2012-01-01

167

Essential leadership skills for motivating and developing staff.  

PubMed

Achieving and sustaining high quality patient care and containing costs are important aspects of a nurse manager's role, and a successful manager needs to have the skills and ability to motivate and develop staff. This article focuses on how effective leadership can increase motivation and empowerment among nurses, examines the relevance of transformational leadership to motivation, and suggests practical ways of maintaining a motivated work environment. PMID:21977896

Curtis, Elizabeth; O'Connell, Rhona

2011-09-01

168

Development of phonological skills and learning to read in French  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to assess the development of phonological skills before and during learning to read. Thirty-four\\u000a children were tested twice, in nursery school and in first grade with an epiphonological task (E), e.g. judgment of similarity,\\u000a and two metaphonological tasks, one requiring the extraction of common units (M1) and one requiring unit substitution (M2).\\u000a As expected,

Jean Ecalle; Annie Magnan

2007-01-01

169

Skills for the Changing Workplace: An Electronics Instructor's Guide. Research and Development Series No. 255.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide was developed to assist instructors in electronics technologies in presenting broadly applicable nontechnical (often called quality of work life--QWL) skills, such as interpersonal and group process skills, problem solving and decision making, planning, communications, reasoning skills, and organizational management skills. The guide…

Bhaerman, Robert D.; Oliver, Larry A.

170

The Impact of Skill Learnability on the Effectiveness of Managerial Training and Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Skill learnability, the degree to which a particular managerial skill can be acquired or modified by training and development, is de scribed and discussed. It is argued that those managerial skills com prised of large sociallinteractive components and affected by under lying noncognitive attributes are more difficult to learn than skills which can be articulated through a common body of

Donald H. Brush; Betty Jo Licata

1983-01-01

171

The development of a content-influenced process skills instrument for general biology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the mid 1960's, a major goal in biology instruction has been the teaching of process skills. Many process skills studies have been done and several process skills tests exist, but these studies and tests all target students in grades 7 through 12. The purpose of this study was to develop a biological process skills test for use in college

Grady M. White

1999-01-01

172

Developing Leadership Skills in "Introduction to Engineering Courses" through Multi-Media Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A literature review identifies a partial list of leadership skills to include developing higher-order cognitive skills, team working skills, positive attitude, and ability to transfer these skills to future environment. This paper discusses the results of research conducted on the use of multiple instructional methodologies in two different…

Sankar, Chetan S.; Kawulich, Barbara; Clayton, Howard; Raju, P. K.

2010-01-01

173

Developing Sixth Graders' Inquiry Skills to Construct Explanations in Inquiry-based Learning Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to investigate how sixth graders develop inquiry skills to construct explanations in an inquiry-based learning environment. We designed a series of inquiry-based learning activities and identified four inquiry skills that are relevant to students' construction of explanation. These skills include skills to identify causal relationships, to describe the reasoning process, to use data as

2006-01-01

174

Computer-Managed Instruction: Development and Evaluation of Student Skill Modules to Reduce Training Time.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The development and evaluation of the CMI Student Skills Project are described within the context of the Air Force Advanced Instructional System (AIS). The student skill modules developed were designed as short packages to be assigned near the beginning o...

B. L. McCombs J. L. Dobrovolny W. A. Judd

1979-01-01

175

Observations on health information in developing countries.  

PubMed

Based on personal experiences, observations are offered on health information in developing countries, ways in which information systems can be strengthened, and opportunities for health-information science graduates. Although data collection consumes a significant portion of the health worker's day, information systems are often a low priority in developing countries. Health-information systems can be strengthened by focusing on local solutions, by building skills in health workers, by utilizing appropriate technology, and by integrating information systems into health programs. Health-information science graduates can assist in improving systems in developing countries, but this will require a broad and flexible definition of health information science, which is much more than computing technology; it is supporting health workers to define, manage, and apply the information they need. PMID:8072420

Hull, C

1994-06-01

176

A life course approach to the development of mental skills  

PubMed Central

A wide variety of factors across the life course jointly influence cognitive and emotional development. Indeed, research from a variety of disciplines strongly suggests that cognition and mental health are intertwined across the life course, by their common antecedents and underlying physiology in development, and in their interplay across adult and later life. We suggest that cognitive and socio-emotional function fuse to form skills for life supporting self-regulation, competence and quality of life that persist into later life, through linked reciprocal processes of genetic influence, nurturing, schooling, work, and lifestyle.

Richards, Marcus; Hatch, Stephani L.

2012-01-01

177

Development of a Supervisory Skills Course for Hospital Pharmacy Workplaces  

PubMed Central

Background and Objective: Many Canadian hospital pharmacies are experiencing difficulties recruiting supervisory personnel. It was expected that, through a “learning-by-doing” course, pharmacy staff would learn to apply basic skills in the day-to-day supervision of pharmacy operations and human resources and to apply the principles of supervisory documentation. Methods: A supervisory skills course targeted to pharmacy staff members was developed and implemented by the pharmacy department of a large urban health region. The course was initially offered to practising pharmacy technicians. The course design emphasized a constructivist framework incorporating authentic learning and reflective practice during seminars, with experiential and self-directed learning in the workplace. Preceptors assisted learners to achieve the course goals. Learners and preceptors provided feedback about hours spent (as the course progressed) and about their satisfaction with the course itself (at the end of the course). Learners and preceptors completed a post-program evaluation 2 months after completing the course to help in the assessment of the transfer of learning (lasting impact) associated with the course. Overall performance in the course was assessed on a pass/fail basis. Results: Eighteen pharmacy technicians were admitted to the program, but one withdrew because of a job change. All learners successfully completed the course. Two months after the course, learners and preceptors described enhanced organization, time management, leadership, communication, and conflict-resolution skills on the part of learners, as well as their increased confidence, maturity, and ability to supervise staff. Learners’ evaluations revealed a broadened perspective of pharmacy. The preceptors valued the enhancement of learners’ skills and their increased enthusiasm. At the time of writing, 6 of the participants had secured supervisory positions. Conclusion: Creating formal instruction that engages pharmacy staff to pursue management positions is challenging. Instructional design grounded in constructivist theory and incorporating authentic learning experiences and reflection resulted in high learner satisfaction with learning outcomes.

Woloschuk, Donna M M; Raymond, Colette B

2010-01-01

178

Teaching Play Skills to Children with Autism through Video Modeling: Small Group Arrangement and Observational Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the present study was to examine if video modeling was an effective way of teaching sociodramatic play skills to individuals with autism in a small group arrangement. Besides maintenance, observational learning and social validation data were collected. Three 9 year old boys with autism participated in the study. Multiple probe…

Ozen, Arzu; Batu, Sema; Birkan, Binyamin

2012-01-01

179

Maturation of social attribution skills in typically developing children: an investigation using the social attribution task  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The assessment of social attribution skills in children can potentially identify and quantify developmental difficulties related to autism spectrum disorders and related conditions. However, relatively little is known about how these skills develop in typically developing children. Therefore the present study aimed to map the trajectory of social attribution skill acquisition in typically developing children from a young age.

Zhouyi Hu; Raymond CK Chan; Grainne M McAlonan

2010-01-01

180

Individual differences in joint attention skill development in the second year  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of joint attention skills is considered to be critical to early social, cognitive and language development. Joint attention skills refer to the capacity to coordinate attention with others regarding objects and events. While infants and toddlers display systematic, age related gains in joint attention skill development between 6 and 18 months of age, they also may display considerable

Peter Mundy; Antoinette Gomes

1998-01-01

181

Advanced Mathematical Study and the Development of Conditional Reasoning Skills  

PubMed Central

Since the time of Plato, philosophers and educational policy-makers have assumed that the study of mathematics improves one's general ‘thinking skills’. Today, this argument, known as the ‘Theory of Formal Discipline’ is used in policy debates to prioritize mathematics in school curricula. But there is no strong research evidence which justifies it. We tested the Theory of Formal Discipline by tracking the development of conditional reasoning behavior in students studying post-compulsory mathematics compared to post-compulsory English literature. In line with the Theory of Formal Discipline, the mathematics students did develop their conditional reasoning to a greater extent than the literature students, despite them having received no explicit tuition in conditional logic. However, this development appeared to be towards the so-called defective conditional understanding, rather than the logically normative material conditional understanding. We conclude by arguing that Plato may have been correct to claim that studying advanced mathematics is associated with the development of logical reasoning skills, but that the nature of this development may be more complex than previously thought.

Attridge, Nina; Inglis, Matthew

2013-01-01

182

Systems in Development: Motor Skill Acquisition Facilitates 3D Object Completion  

PubMed Central

How do infants learn to perceive the backs of objects that they see only from a limited viewpoint? Infants’ 3D object completion abilities emerge in conjunction with developing motor skills—independent sitting and visual-manual exploration. Twenty-eight 4.5- to 7.5-month-old infants were habituated to a limited-view object and tested with volumetrically complete and incomplete (hollow) versions of the same object. Parents reported infants’ sitting experience, and infants’ visual-manual exploration of objects was observed in a structured play session. Infants’ self-sitting experience and visual-manual exploratory skills predicted looking to the novel, incomplete object on the habituation task. Further analyses revealed that self-sitting facilitated infants’ visual inspection of objects while they manipulated them. The results are framed within a developmental systems approach, wherein infants’ sitting skill, multimodal object exploration, and object knowledge are linked in developmental time.

Soska, Kasey C.; Adolph, Karen E.; Johnson, Scott P.

2009-01-01

183

Exploring the Effects of Social Skills Training on Social Skill Development on Student Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most children learn social skills from interaction with others--other children, family members, friends, and adults. Some children with disabilities need to learn social skills more directly. This may include the use of a specific curriculum and the use of individualized methods. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of social…

Seevers, Randy L.; Jones-Blank, Michelle

2008-01-01

184

Assessing locomotor skills development in childhood using wearable inertial sensor devices: the running paradigm.  

PubMed

Objective quantitative evaluation of motor skill development is of increasing importance to carefully drive physical exercise programs in childhood. Running is a fundamental motor skill humans adopt to accomplish locomotion, which is linked to physical activity levels, although the assessment is traditionally carried out using qualitative evaluation tests. The present study aimed at investigating the feasibility of using inertial sensors to quantify developmental differences in the running pattern of young children. Qualitative and quantitative assessment tools were adopted to identify a skill-sensitive set of biomechanical parameters for running and to further our understanding of the factors that determine progression to skilled running performance. Running performances of 54 children between the ages of 2 and 12 years were submitted to both qualitative and quantitative analysis, the former using sequences of developmental level, the latter estimating temporal and kinematic parameters from inertial sensor measurements. Discriminant analysis with running developmental level as dependent variable allowed to identify a set of temporal and kinematic parameters, within those obtained with the sensor, that best classified children into the qualitative developmental levels (accuracy higher than 67%). Multivariate analysis of variance with the quantitative parameters as dependent variables allowed to identify whether and which specific parameters or parameter subsets were differentially sensitive to specific transitions between contiguous developmental levels. The findings showed that different sets of temporal and kinematic parameters are able to tap all steps of the transitional process in running skill described through qualitative observation and can be prospectively used for applied diagnostic and sport training purposes. PMID:23067877

Masci, Ilaria; Vannozzi, Giuseppe; Bergamini, Elena; Pesce, Caterina; Getchell, Nancy; Cappozzo, Aurelio

2012-10-12

185

Autonomous maritime navigation: developing autonomy skill sets for USVs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many emerging UV (Unmanned Vehicle) cooperative control systems utilizing mission decomposition and generic UV management techniques are UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) oriented and transition well from model simulations to hardware due to the relative homogeneity of the air environment. Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USV's) and other ground borne vehicles, to function robustly, must have an additional onboard capacity to negotiate local environmental and indigenous operational factors in order to be commanded by a network, and this capacity is most easily delineated into Skill Sets. The Autonomous Maritime Navigation Program (AMN) is developing USV systems which target full intelligent autonomous operations and autonomy Skill Sets to allow USV's to perform unsupervised complex missions over extended time periods at the platform level with minimum human supervision. Importantly, this allows control systems developed for cooperating UV's to effectively control USV's by enabling local platform issues decision making at the platform level. Using a 40 foot laboratory boat, advanced on-board control, sensing, data fusion, physical plant and payload monitoring and management are being adapted and integrated as a system to replace traditional human crew functions. This paper discusses a path to achieve the goal of full USV autonomy equipped with skills to self manage, survive and navigate, and progress being made with enabling technology pieces. Initiatives and partnerships have been formed with academia, industry, and other DoD laboratories to these ends in both independent and collaborative RDT&E projects. Discussion includes ongoing work in sensing, data fusion, dynamic mission planning, execution and boat operations, and integration to JAUS/TCS control protocols.

Hansen, Eric; Huntsberger, Terry; Elkins, Les

2006-06-01

186

A Comparison of Two Instructional Formats on Heart Rate Intensity and Skill Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effect of adding aerobic training to football skills development activities for male seventh graders. Two groups completed one or the other type of training. Heart rate monitor and skill assessment data indicated that the addition of the planned fitness component did not detract from skill development. (SM)

Quinn, Patrick B.; Strand, Brad

1995-01-01

187

The systems developer skill set: exploring nature, gaps, and gender differences research in progress  

Microsoft Academic Search

IT workers need an appropriate skill set to effectively exploit technology. The purpose of this study is to explore the nature of actual and desired systems developer, job skills. In viewing job skills from a social constructivist viewpoint, this study also investigates the perspectives of male and female systems developers recognizing that societal influences related to gender may affect IT

Sandra K. Newton; Cynthia LeRouge; J. Ellis Blanton

2003-01-01

188

Development of Young Adults' Fine Motor Skills when Learning to Play Percussion Instruments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When playing percussion instruments, the main activity is done with the help of a motion or motor skills; to perform it, developed fine motor skills are necessary: the speed and precision of fingers, hands and palms. The aim of the research was to study and test the development of young adults' fine motor skills while learning to play percussion…

Gzibovskis, Talis; Marnauza, Mara

2012-01-01

189

Role of Early Parenting and Motor Skills on Development in Children with Spina Bifida  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of parenting and motor skills on the development of cognitive, language, and daily living skills was examined in 165 children (91 with spina bifida, SB), from 6-36 months of age. Motor scores significantly influenced cognitive, language, and daily living skills. Higher quality parenting was associated with higher levels of development

Lomax-Bream, Laura E.; Taylor, Heather B.; Landry, Susan H.; Barnes, Marcia A.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Swank, Paul

2007-01-01

190

Democracy and the Skill-Bias in Trade Policy in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing body of research suggests that democracy promotes trade liberalization in developing countries. We argue that democracy in developing countries generates a ?skill bias? in trade policy where democratic incumbents have incentives to increase tariffs on high skilled goods but reduce trade barriers on low skilled goods. Our model analyzes how electoral competition and interest group politics in the

Helen V. Milner; Bumba Mukherjee

191

Professional Skills Development in a Resource-Poor Setting: The Case of Pharmacy in Malawi  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dominance of the human capital approach in vocational skills development has been increasingly questioned for being de-humanised and de-contextualised. Contrary to this trend, the discourse in health professional skills development has shown increasing enthusiasm for consolidating this existing paradigm. To debate whether professional skills

Lim, Zoe; Anderson, C.; McGrath, S.

2012-01-01

192

Professional Skills Development in a Resource-Poor Setting: The Case of Pharmacy in Malawi  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The dominance of the human capital approach in vocational skills development has been increasingly questioned for being de-humanised and de-contextualised. Contrary to this trend, the discourse in health professional skills development has shown increasing enthusiasm for consolidating this existing paradigm. To debate whether professional skills

Lim, Zoe; Anderson, C.; McGrath, S.

2012-01-01

193

Development of a Notational Analysis System for Selected Soccer Skills of a Women's College Team  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to develop a notational system to evaluate passing, dribbling, first touch, and individual defensive skills as they relate to success during women's soccer games and to develop a statistical model to weigh the importance of each skill on creating scoring opportunities. Sequences of skills in ten games of a National…

Thomas, Camille; Fellingham, Gilbert; Vehrs, Pat

2009-01-01

194

Training faculty to facilitate communication skills training: Development and evaluation of a workshop  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo develop a workshop for training faculty to facilitate small group role play sessions for a communication skills training program and assess the impact of that workshop on the trainees’ self-efficacy about facilitation skills.

Carma L. Bylund; Richard F. Brown; Barbara Lubrano di Ciccone; Tomer T. Levin; Jennifer A. Gueguen; Catherine Hill; David W. Kissane

2008-01-01

195

BSEP II (Basic Skills Education Program II) Lesson Developer's Guide - A Guidebook for the Development of Job-Oriented BSEP II Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

TRADOC has recommended the development and implementation of a Functional Basic Skills Program built around four major components: Military Occupational Speciality (MOS) Baseline skills; English as a Second Language skills; Army Life Coping skills; and Le...

W. McGuire R. Avant J. Howard

1983-01-01

196

Learner-Controlled Self-Observation is Advantageous for Motor Skill Acquisition  

PubMed Central

There were two main objectives of this research. First, we wanted to examine whether video feedback of the self (self-observation) was more effective for motor skill learning when the choice to view the video was provided to the learner (learner-controlled, LC) as opposed to an experimenter-controlled (EC) delivery. Secondly, we explored whether there were differences in the self-regulatory processes of self-efficacy and intrinsic motivation, as well as perceived choice between the LC and EC conditions. Two groups (LC and EC) of children (M age of 11.2?years; SD?=?1.89) attempted to learn a progression of trampoline skills during a 2-day acquisition phase in which video self-observation was available. The second acquisition day was followed by a no self-observation retention test 1?day later. It was hypothesized that, during retention, the LC group would be more self-efficacious about their ability to progress through the trampoline skills, show greater intrinsic motivation and perceived choice, and go further in skill progression than the EC group. Analysis of the acquisition data showed the LC group had greater increases in self-efficacy as compared to the EC group. Results of the retention test showed that the participants in the LC group obtained higher scores on the intrinsic motivation and perceived choice measures and had higher skill progression scores as compared to the EC group. Regression analysis showed that group assignment and self-efficacy were significant predictors of the physical performance benefits noted in retention. These findings are discussed within Zimmerman’s (2004) self-regulation of learning model.

Ste-Marie, Diane M.; Vertes, Kelly A.; Law, Barbi; Rymal, Amanda M.

2013-01-01

197

Learner-Controlled Self-Observation is Advantageous for Motor Skill Acquisition.  

PubMed

There were two main objectives of this research. First, we wanted to examine whether video feedback of the self (self-observation) was more effective for motor skill learning when the choice to view the video was provided to the learner (learner-controlled, LC) as opposed to an experimenter-controlled (EC) delivery. Secondly, we explored whether there were differences in the self-regulatory processes of self-efficacy and intrinsic motivation, as well as perceived choice between the LC and EC conditions. Two groups (LC and EC) of children (M age of 11.2?years; SD?=?1.89) attempted to learn a progression of trampoline skills during a 2-day acquisition phase in which video self-observation was available. The second acquisition day was followed by a no self-observation retention test 1?day later. It was hypothesized that, during retention, the LC group would be more self-efficacious about their ability to progress through the trampoline skills, show greater intrinsic motivation and perceived choice, and go further in skill progression than the EC group. Analysis of the acquisition data showed the LC group had greater increases in self-efficacy as compared to the EC group. Results of the retention test showed that the participants in the LC group obtained higher scores on the intrinsic motivation and perceived choice measures and had higher skill progression scores as compared to the EC group. Regression analysis showed that group assignment and self-efficacy were significant predictors of the physical performance benefits noted in retention. These findings are discussed within Zimmerman's (2004) self-regulation of learning model. PMID:23355826

Ste-Marie, Diane M; Vertes, Kelly A; Law, Barbi; Rymal, Amanda M

2013-01-17

198

Transferable Skills Training for Researchers: Supporting Career Development and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers are embarking on increasingly diverse careers where collaboration, networking and interdisciplinarity are becoming more important. Transferable skills (e.g. communication skills and problem-solving abilities) can help researchers operate more effectively in different work environments. While researchers acquire some of these skills in…

OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2012

2012-01-01

199

Skill Development in Social Science Subjects: A Proposed Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The university has to train students in skills which according to the demanding requirements of the job market and social environment are the basis of their competitiveness: specific skills or generic skills cutting across the different degrees. The convergence framework defined by the European Higher Education Area requires the incorporation of…

Mondejar-Jimenez, Juan-Antonio; Cordente-Rodriguez, Maria; Lorenzo-Romero, Carlota; Mondejar-Jimenez, Jose; Vargas-Vargas, Manuel

2011-01-01

200

Project to Identify Essential Faculty Skills and Develop Model Curricula for Faculty Development Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Division of Medicine of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services identified 194 essential nonclinical skills and developed four model medical faculty development curricula exemplifying appropriate ways to conduct faculty development for different types of faculty members. Forty-one recommendations for future faculty development

Bland, Carole J.; And Others

1988-01-01

201

Skills for the Changing Workplace: An Automotive Repair Instructor's Guide. Research and Development Series No. 256.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide was developed to assist vocational instructors in automotive repair programs in presenting broadly applicable nontechnical (often called quality of work life--QWL) skills, such as interpersonal and group process skills, problem solving and decision making, planning, communications, reasoning skills, and organizational management…

Bhaerman, Robert D.; North, Ricke A.

202

A Mathematical Program to Develop the Skills of Thinking of Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of this study emerges from the importance of the points it discusses as it attempts to study the effectiveness of the suggested program of mathematics that develop the thinking skill of the children in preschool age. Accordingly, it comes from the attempt to teach the children the skill of thinking as one of the important and required skill

Magda M. Saleh

203

Analysis of Air Force Management Career Development Based on Timing of Skills Needs and Effectiveness of Development Methods.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between the perceived importance of management skills and management level; also to assess the most effective means of developing each of those management skills. Data collection involved a two step...

S. Deliso

1991-01-01

204

Mathematics Professional Development: Critical Features for Developing Leadership Skills and Building Teachers' Capacity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on three features of professional development (PD) programs that play an important role in developing leadership skills and building teachers' capacity: (1) fostering a professional learning community, (2) developing teachers' mathematical knowledge for teaching, and (3) adapting PD to support local needs and interests. We…

Koellner, Karen; Jacobs, Jennifer; Borko, Hilda

2011-01-01

205

Imitation and communication skills development in children with pervasive developmental disorders.  

PubMed

This study evaluates the correlation between failure to develop spontaneous imitation and language skills in pervasive developmental disorders. Sixty-four children between the age of 3 and 8 years were assessed using the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R), the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), as well as direct observation of imitation. The sample was subdivided into a verbal and a nonverbal group. Analysis of mean scores on the CARS "imitation" items and of ADI-R "spontaneous imitation" and "pointing to express interest" revealed a statistically significant difference between verbal and nonverbal groups, with more severe impairment/higher scores in the nonverbal than the verbal group. These results suggest that nonverbal children have specifically impaired imitation and pointing skills. PMID:19590730

De Giacomo, Andrea; Portoghese, Claudia; Martinelli, Domenico; Fanizza, Isabella; L'abate, Luciano; Margari, Lucia

2009-07-02

206

Investigating the Impact on Skill Development of an Undergraduate Scientific Research Skills Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the design and subsequent impact of a scientific research skills course. Student understanding of the university research environment, their confidence in finding and using scientific literature and in scientific writing and presentation pre- and post-course was investigated. The findings suggested that understanding of the…

Yeoman, Kay H.; Zamorski, Barbara

2008-01-01

207

Skills development and competitiveness - the role of HRD  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reflects an attempt to document the existing state of affairs in the fields of Technical Education and Vocational Training (TEVT) in Pakistan. Relationships between competitiveness and labour market performance, the level of skills and pattern of industrialisation are examined. Future challenges under globalisation and their likely impact on employment generation and skill needs is also dealt at length.

Irfan Mohammad

1999-01-01

208

Educational Strategies and Communication Skill Development in Dietetics  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: Dietetics Students Gain Confidence and Skills to Communicate Nutrition.Skills to educate and to communicate with clients, employees, peers, and the media have become increasingly important for the dietitian. Dietitians work side by side with professional educators and professionals in communications. To present themselves as peer professionals requires communication strengths. A course in the dietetics curriculum, Communications Techniques in

K. S. Jamesen

1996-01-01

209

Development and Evaluation of a Technology Integrated Social Skills Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Social skills in the United States are in serious decline. This decline is seen and heard on television, in movies, in magazines, on radio programs, on the streets, and in the schools. Worcester Preparatory School is alarmed by the decline of social skills. Students at Worcester have increasingly shown difficulty in social interactions. The…

Bunting, Tia Wheatley

2009-01-01

210

Developing Knowledge and Skills in Engineers: A Learning Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses the knowledge and skill requirements for manufacturing system design and describes an innovative "learning laboratory" approach to educating graduate level manufacturing engineers. The laboratory provides a mechanism that gives engineers a wide range of knowledge and skills in design and implementation, much of which cannot…

Platts, K.W.

2004-01-01

211

Skilling for the Workforce: A tertiary education response to enrich professional development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tertiary educators are being directed by government policy: to develop a learning environment where participants become more than passive receivers of knowledge and to skill the workforce through technical skills and competency?based education. Professional development is needed for compliance, and to develop and maintain generic, productivity, and technical attributes relevant to the profession. Profession and career development, for continued employability

Gerald A. Murphy; Bruce A. Calway

2008-01-01

212

Development of Auditory-Vocal Perceptual Skills in Songbirds  

PubMed Central

Songbirds are one of the few groups of animals that learn the sounds used for vocal communication during development. Like humans, songbirds memorize vocal sounds based on auditory experience with vocalizations of adult “tutors”, and then use auditory feedback of self-produced vocalizations to gradually match their motor output to the memory of tutor sounds. In humans, investigations of early vocal learning have focused mainly on perceptual skills of infants, whereas studies of songbirds have focused on measures of vocal production. In order to fully exploit songbirds as a model for human speech, understand the neural basis of learned vocal behavior, and investigate links between vocal perception and production, studies of songbirds must examine both behavioral measures of perception and neural measures of discrimination during development. Here we used behavioral and electrophysiological assays of the ability of songbirds to distinguish vocal calls of varying frequencies at different stages of vocal learning. The results show that neural tuning in auditory cortex mirrors behavioral improvements in the ability to make perceptual distinctions of vocal calls as birds are engaged in vocal learning. Thus, separate measures of neural discrimination and behavioral perception yielded highly similar trends during the course of vocal development. The timing of this improvement in the ability to distinguish vocal sounds correlates with our previous work showing substantial refinement of axonal connectivity in cortico-basal ganglia pathways necessary for vocal learning.

Miller-Sims, Vanessa C.; Bottjer, Sarah W.

2012-01-01

213

A curriculum skills matrix for development and assessment of undergraduate biochemistry and molecular biology laboratory programs.  

PubMed

We have designed a skills matrix to be used for developing and assessing undergraduate biochemistry and molecular biology laboratory curricula. We prepared the skills matrix for the Project Kaleidoscope Summer Institute workshop in Snowbird, Utah (July 2001) to help current and developing undergraduate biochemistry and molecular biology program designers to determine which laboratory techniques, skills, and theories to include in a 4-year plan. The skills matrix can be used to evaluate and assess the types of laboratory skills as well as the level at which they are taught in biochemistry and molecular biology curricula. The matrix can foster better communication between faculty in chemistry, biology, math, and physics as they share curricular information. As an example of utility of the skills matrix, we used it to survey several commonly used biochemistry laboratory manuals to evaluate the skills covered in each text. PMID:21706681

Caldwell, Benjamin; Rohlman, Christopher; Benore-Parsons, Marilee

2004-01-01

214

Skilling for the Workforce: A Tertiary Education Response to Enrich Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Tertiary educators are being directed by government policy: to develop a learning environment where participants become more than passive receivers of knowledge and to skill the workforce through technical skills and competency-based education. Professional development is needed for compliance, and to develop and maintain generic, productivity,…

Murphy, Gerald A.; Calway, Bruce A.

2008-01-01

215

A Model of Professional Development for Practicing Genetic Counselors: Adaptation of Communication Skills Training in Oncology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ongoing professional development for practicing genetic counselors is critical in maintaining best practice. Communication\\u000a skills training (CST) workshops for doctors in oncology, utilizing trained actors in role plays, have been implemented for\\u000a many years to improve patient-centred communication. This model was adapted to provide professional development in counseling\\u000a skills for practicing genetic counselors, already highly trained in counseling skills. Detailed

Kate L. Dunlop; Kristine Barlow-Stewart; Phyllis Butow; Paul Heinrich

2011-01-01

216

Developing a Taxonomy of Anesthetists Nontechnical Skills (ANTS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Safety research in high-reliability industries, such as aviation, has clearly shown that the causes of accidents are primarily related to deficiencies in nontechnical (cognitive and social) skills, rather than a lack of technical expertise. Investigations...

R. Patey R. Flin G. Fletcher N. Maran R. Glavin

2005-01-01

217

Language Development and Learning to Read: The Scientific Study of How Language Development Affects Reading Skill  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on reading has tried, and failed, to account for wide disparities in reading skill even among children taught by the same method. Why do some children learn to read easily and quickly while others, in the same classroom and taught by the same teacher, don't learn to read at all? In "Language Development and Learning to Read", Diane…

McGuinness, Diane

2005-01-01

218

A Collaborative Model for Developing Classroom Management Skills in Urban Professional Development School Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes a school-university partnership that focuses on the development of classroom management skills for preservice teachers in an urban setting, through collaboration between mentors, principals, and a university supervisor. To prepare preservice teachers for the unique challenges of urban schools, three key elements were…

Dobler, Elizabeth; Kesner, Cathy; Kramer, Rebecca; Resnik, Marilyn; Devin, Libby

2009-01-01

219

The First Phase of the English Regional Development Agencies' Skills Work: A Report on a Small-Scale Research Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of three Regional Development Agencies (RDAs) traced development of the skills element of their RES [Regional Economic Strategy] and their progress toward an action plan for skills to implement their strategic objectives. The process involved creating a forum on skills; producing a consultation draft skills strategy; and producing a final…

Drodge, Stephen

220

The First Phase of the English Regional Development Agencies' Skills Work: A Report on a Small-Scale Research Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of three Regional Development Agencies (RDAs) traced development of the skills element of their RES [Regional Economic Strategy] and their progress toward an action plan for skills to implement their strategic objectives. The process involved creating a forum on skills; producing a consultation draft skills strategy; and producing a final…

Drodge, Stephen

221

The Development of Object Play and Classificatory Skills in a Blind Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two aspects of the cognitive development of a 14- to 18-month-old blind child are reported: the development of procedures for the intentional control of objects and the development of certain classificatory skills. (Author)|

Gerhardt, Julie B.

1982-01-01

222

How can surgical training benefit from theories of skilled motor development, musical skill acquisition and performance psychology?  

PubMed

Trainee surgeons must acquire expert status in the context of reduced hours, reduced operating room time and the need to learn complex skills involving screen-mediated techniques, computers and robotics. Ever more sophisticated surgical simulation strategies have been helpful in providing surgeons with the opportunity to practise, but not all of these strategies are widely available. Similarities in the motor skills required in skilled musical performance and surgery suggest that models of music learning, and particularly skilled motor development, may be applicable in training surgeons. More attention should be paid to factors associated with optimal arousal and optimal performance in surgical training - lessons learned from helping anxious musicians optimise performance and manage anxiety may also be transferable to trainee surgeons. The ways in which the trainee surgeon moves from novice to expert need to be better understood so that this process can be expedited using current knowledge in other disciplines requiring the performance of complex fine motor tasks with high cognitive load under pressure. PMID:21534904

McCaskie, Andrew W; Kenny, Dianna T; Deshmukh, Sandeep

2011-05-01

223

High-skilled Return Migration and Knowledge-based Development in Poland  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is by now well known that return migration of the highly skilled can have a significant impact on knowledge-based development in the regions to which they return. Whereas previous research has mainly focused on developing and newly industrializing countries, this paper looks at high-skilled return migration in an East European transformation economy, namely Poland. In our paper, we propose

Britta Klagge; Katrin Klein-Hitpaß

2010-01-01

224

Impact of Learning Styles on Learning-skill Development in Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to examine how learning styles impact the development of 12 learning skills in higher education by using Kolb's learning theory. The results revealed that two learning abilities in the dialectical dimension of concrete experience and abstract conceptualization significantly affected development in three interpersonal and three analytical skills. However, two learning abilities in the other

Yoshitaka Yamazaki

2010-01-01

225

The Science Fair as a Means for Developing Children's Graphing Skills in Elementary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on an ongoing research program aiming at the pedagogical exploitation of the science fair as a mechanism for developing investigative skills in elementary school and promoting student inquiry through a sequence of formal and non-formal activities. Specifically, this paper refers to the development of data graphing skills by children aged 10-12 years old. The students, who participated

Evaggelia Kyriazi; Constantinos P. Constantinou

226

Evaluation of a patient teaching skills course disseminated through staff developers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective Patient Teaching (EPT), a course designed to improve health professionals' and health professions students' teaching skills, reliably produces gains in participants' skills when presented by its developers. The objective of this dissemination research study was to investigate whether, using a ‘training of trainers’ approach, seven nurses with staff development responsibilities in five different sites could teach EPT with similar

Elaine J. Boswell; James W. Pichert; Rodney A. Lorenz; David G. Schlundt; Marie I. Penha; Shirley Alexander; Deborah E. Davis; Jennifer L. Evangelist; Alisa R. Haushalter; Leonard C. Lindsay; Mary Palm; Debbie Sauve

1996-01-01

227

Developing Academic Writing Skills as Part of Graduate Attributes in Undergraduate Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The development of graduate attributes in higher education is enjoying much attention worldwide. Employers consistently rank communication skills, in particular writing ability, among the most important skills for graduates to possess. The inclusion and development of graduate attributes in undergraduate curricula have received little attention.…

du Preez, I.; Fossey, A.

2012-01-01

228

A social skills intervention programme for kindergarten children at risk of developing behavioural problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A programme for training social skills to a group of 6?year?old children was developed and evaluated. The group consisted of eight children, four boys and four girls; three of these were considered to be at risk of developing emotional and behavioural problems. The targeted skills were supporting, cooperating, establishing social contacts, participating, reducing aggression and handling conflict situations. The theoretical

Annlaug Flem; Ragnar Thygesen; Harald Valås; Elin Magnes

1998-01-01

229

Bamboo and Poison Gas: Take-Off Points for Developing Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Shows how to use common topics within area studies to develop important social studies skills. The example provided illustrates how to develop data analysis, data evaluation, problem solving, and map skills using the topics of bamboo and the Bhopal, India, chemical disaster. (JDH)|

Hantula, James

1986-01-01

230

Development of a Test of Process Skills for Grade 3 Elementary School Pupils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although the development of process skills has been accepted as being an important part of elementary school curricula in science and in other subjects, few valid and reliable tests exist for their assessment. Therefore, a test is currently being developed to assess these skills. It is designed to meet seven criteria (such as testing process…

Isaacs, Patricia A.

231

Using Political and Community Activism to Develop Leadership Skills in Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined the effects of socialization and participation in community activism on female social work students' development of skills in leadership, influence, power use, and collaboration. Surveys and focus groups indicated that women had few opportunities to develop leadership skills until college and were uncomfortable with their power and…

Galambos, Colleen M.; Hughes, Sherri Lind

2000-01-01

232

Impact of Facilitated Asynchronous Distance Education on Clinical Skills Development of International Pharmacy Graduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of distance education for clinical skills development in the health professions has not been extensively described, due in part to the intensive nature of the relationship between the patient and practitioner. In the context of pharmacy practice, there are specific needs to develop new vehicles for clinical skills education due to growing…

Austin, Zubin; Dean, Marie Rocchi

2006-01-01

233

The Development of Critical Thinking Skills in Undergraduate Supervisory Management Units: efficacy of student peer assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Well?developed critical thinking skills are essential to good management, yet the fundamentals of critical thinking are often not taught explicitly to management students. This paper reports on the efficacy of a module designed to develop students’ critical thinking skills in the context of peer evaluation in a second?year supervisory management unit. The module comprised a lecture and a seminar on

Karen Macpherson

1999-01-01

234

Structured Case Analysis: Developing Critical Thinking Skills in a Marketing Case Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Structured case analysis is a hybrid pedagogy that flexibly combines diverse instructional methods with comprehensive case analysis as a mechanism to develop critical thinking skills. An incremental learning framework is proposed that allows instructors to develop and monitor content-specific theory and the corresponding critical thinking skills.…

Klebba, Joanne M.; Hamilton, Janet G.

2007-01-01

235

Encouraging Social Skill Development through Play in Early Childhood Special Education Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social skill acquisition is an essential step in young children's development with lasting implications for the quality of social experiences throughout life. Difficulties with social skill acquisition may be related to delays in physical development, communication methods, and/or social awareness that limit one's ability to progress along a…

Jamison, Kristen R.; Forston, Lindsay D.; Stanton-Chapman, Tina L.

2012-01-01

236

High school athletes’ perspectives on support, communication, negotiation and life skill development  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a widespread belief that sport can be used as a tool to promote life skills and positive youth development. However, little research has examined athletes’ perspectives on the development of life skills in school?based sport programmes, in which a vast amount of youth are involved. In addition, research has yet to examine how youth experience support, communication, and

Martin Camiré; Pierre Trudel; Tanya Forneris

2009-01-01

237

A Curriculum Skills Matrix for Development and Assessment of Undergraduate Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Laboratory Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We have designed a skills matrix to be used for developing and assessing undergraduate biochemistry and molecular biology laboratory curricula. We prepared the skills matrix for the Project Kaleidoscope Summer Institute workshop in Snowbird, Utah (July 2001) to help current and developing undergraduate biochemistry and molecular biology program…

Caldwell, Benjamin; Rohlman, Christopher; Benore-Parsons, Marilee

2004-01-01

238

Limitation on the Development of Skills in Higher Education in Vietnam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the perceptions of higher education students, recent graduates and employers in Vietnam on the issue of skill development in the higher education system in Vietnam. Enhancing skill development is considered essential for students, not only to pursue their study, but also for their success later, at work and in life. The…

Tran, Thi Tuyet

2013-01-01

239

The use of expressive methods for developing empathic skills.  

PubMed

Empathy is one of the fundamental concepts in nursing, and it is an ability that can be learned. Various education models have been tested for improving empathic skills. Research has focused on using oral presentations, videos, modeling, practiced negotiation based on experiences, and psychodrama methods, such as role playing, as ways to improve empathy in participants. This study looked at the use of expressive arts to improve empathic skills of nursing students. The study was conducted with 48 students who were separated into five different groups. All groups lasted for two hours, and met for 12 weeks. Expressive art and psychodrama methods were used in the group studies. The Scale of Empathic Skill was administered to participants before and after the group studies. Before the group study took place, the average score for empathic skill was 127.97 (SD = 21.26). After the group study, it increased to 138.87 (SD = 20.40). The average score for empathic skill increased after the group (t = 3.996, p = .000). Results show that expressive methods are easier, more effective, and enjoyable processes in nursing training. PMID:21247279

Ozcan, Neslihan Keser; Bilgin, Hülya; Eracar, Nevin

2011-01-01

240

Measuring medical students' communication skills: Development and evaluation of an interview rating scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

To effectively interview patients, elicit relevant data and derive a correct diagnosis, medical students require a number of interpersonal and interviewing skills. These include putting patients at ease, eliciting essential historical data, listening, interviewing logically, observing and responding to patients' cues and generally using facilitative communication techniques. In traditional medical education curricula, these skills were addressed by teaching students the

Barry J. Evans; Robb O. Stanley; Greg J. Coman; Vikki Sinnott

1992-01-01

241

Developing Generalized Teaching Skills in Mothers of Autistic Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

An education program designed to assist parents in teaching adaptive behavior skills to their autistic children is described. During training, mothers were trained through the use of written materials, modeling, behavioral rehearsal, and oral feedback to use prompting and reward techniques. To facilitate generalization, an additional instructional program with informational, problem-solving, and self-monitoring components was employed. Training procedures were introduced

Dianne R. Moran; Thomas L. Whitman

1991-01-01

242

Developing Science Process Skills in Special Schools in South Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers were taught "Translation Activities" (TA) to teach science process skills in three special education schools in South Africa. In TA, information and data are provided as text, diagrams, tables, or graphs, and cooperative learning takes place. Teachers indicated the use of TA enabled them to deliver Outcomes Based Education. (Contains…

Johnson, Sally; Sadeck, Melanie; Hodges, Merle

2002-01-01

243

Categorization skills and receptive language development in autistic children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The category knowledge and receptive language skills of 16 autistic, mentally retarded, and normal children were assessed. The autistic children's knowledge of function, form, and color categories was comparable to that of the mental- age- matched mentally retarded and normal comparison groups. Category knowledge and receptive language were more closely associated for mentally retarded and normal children than for autistic

Judy A. Ungerer; Marian Sigman

1987-01-01

244

Alverno College's Program in Developing and Assessing Oral Communication Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The rationale and procedures for assessing students' oral communication skills at Alverno College (Milwaukee, Wisconsin) are outlined in this paper. Since the curriculum at Alverno emphasizes ongoing performance assessment as an integral part of the learning process and as an effective measurement of educational progress, the discussion focuses…

Loacker, S. Georgine

245

The Socially Skilled Teacher and the Development of Tacit Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Skilled interpersonal relations are crucial for effective teaching and learning but much professional knowledge here is tacit and thus not easily communicated. This article presents the results of a study that examined the tacit knowledge of trainee and experienced teachers in relation to various problematic interpersonal aspects of school life.…

Elliott, Julian G.; Stemler, Steven E.; Sternberg, Robert J.; Grigorenko, Elena L.; Hoffman, Newman

2011-01-01

246

Developing reading skills of primary children in government school  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the children go to school it is very important to them to learn reading and writing. Their classroom activities come under these two skills. The children working on some projects have to accomplish their work by reading books. Though reading is emphasized more but unfortunately a large number of the students in schools generally and in Government schools particularly,

Salma Naheed

2000-01-01

247

Developing Learning Skills Through Library Services, K-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compiled from a 1980 survey requesting library science guides for elementary and secondary schools, this booklet contains numerous learning activity examples from 36 states which are presented in three main sections. The introduction contains the preface and strategies for teaching learning skills. The major part of the document focuses on using…

Lewis, Zella, Comp.

248

The Composition Skills: Reality vs. Perception. Development Report Number 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluating the longitudinal effects of a 5-year secondary school composition curriculum, a study investigated students' perceptions of their ability to use essay-level and syntax-level skills. Student questionnaires provided perception, definition, and usefulness data about the curriculum. Results showed that 3 years elapsed before students became…

Tibbetts, Charlene; And Others

249

Cultural Differences: Their Effect on Social Skill Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The level of social skill that is acquired by a child can be determined by the culture in which they are brought up. The culture of a country provides certain “guidelines” for the upbringing of children and, most importantly, the structure of their schooling. Within this schooling, children are taught the proper social behaviors. The external environment competes with natural

Ashley Jay

2010-01-01

250

The socially skilled teacher and the development of tacit knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Skilled interpersonal relations are crucial for effective teaching and learning but much professional knowledge here is tacit and thus not easily communicated. This article presents the results of a study that examined the tacit knowledge of trainee and experienced teachers in relation to various problematic interpersonal aspects of school life. Trainee (n = 501) and experienced (n = 163) teachers

Julian G. Elliott; Steven E. Stemler; Robert J. Sternberg; Elena L. Grigorenko; Newman Hoffman

2011-01-01

251

Developing a Taxonomy of Anesthetists' Nontechnical Skills (ANTS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Safety research in high-reliability industries, such as aviation, has clearly shown that the causes of accidents are primarily related to deficiencies in nontechnical (cognitive and social) skills, rather than a lack of technical expertise. Investigations into causes of error in anesthesia have revealed a similar pattern. The aviation industry uses behavioral marker systems to structure the training and assessment of

Rona Patey; Rhona Flin; Georgina Fletcher; Nicola Maran; Ronnie Glavin

252

Developing Student's Innovation Skills for Globalized Electronic Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the very dynamic and demanding industries is, with no question, the electronic industry. It is also one of industries strongly shaped by globalization and therefore requires that it's engineers to carry multi-faceted training. To be hired and capable to keep the job the today and future engineer must demonstrate innovative skills or, in more general terms, to be

Sam Mil' shtein

2010-01-01

253

Adolescents' Web-Based Literacies, Identity Construction, and Skill Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Five qualitative multiple-case studies document adolescents' uses of Web-based resources and digital literacy skills to construct their online identities. Working from a perspective that integrates new literacies with multimodality, the researchers enlisted the help of five high school students who kept daily logs of the websites they visited for…

Alvermann, Donna E.; Marshall, James D.; McLean, Cheryl A.; Huddleston, Andrew P.; Joaquin, Jairus; Bishop, John

2012-01-01

254

Developing Personal Safety Skills in Children with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides general background information and practical curriculum ideas for teaching children with disabilities personal safety skills in the area of child sexual abuse. Part 1 covers education for child protection (its history, the need addressed, and effective programs); reasons why children with disabilities especially need personal…

Briggs, Freda

255

The Development of Cognitive Skills To Support Inquiry Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Establishing the value of inquiry learning as an educational method, it is argued, rests on thorough, detailed knowledge of the cognitive skills it is intended to promote. Mental models, as representations of the reality being investigated in inquiry learn- ing, stand to influence strategies applied to the task. In the research described here, the hypothesis is investigated that students at

Deanna Kuhn; John Black; Alla Keselman; Danielle Kaplan

2000-01-01

256

Early Math Interest and the Development of Math Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Prior models suggest that math attitudes and ability might strengthen each other over time in a reciprocal fashion (Ma, 1997). The current study investigated the relationship between math interest and skill both concurrently and over time in a preschool sample. Analyses of concurrent relationships indicated that high levels of interest were…

Fisher, Paige H.; Dobbs-Oates, Jennifer; Doctoroff, Greta L.; Arnold, David H.

2012-01-01

257

Early Literacy and Early Numeracy: The Value of Including Early Literacy Skills in the Prediction of Numeracy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine whether early literacy skills uniquely predict early numeracy skills development. During the first year of the study, 69 3- to 5-year-old preschoolers were assessed on the Preschool Early Numeracy Skills (PENS) test and the Test of Preschool Early Literacy Skills (TOPEL). Participants were assessed again a…

Purpura, David J.; Hume, Laura E.; Sims, Darcey M.; Lonigan, Cristopher J.

2011-01-01

258

The Sound of Silence?: A Comparative Study of the Barriers to Communication Skills Development in Accounting and Engineering Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employers often consider graduates to be unprepared for employment and lacking in vocational skills. A common demand from them is that the curriculum should include "communication skills," as specific skills in their own right and also because of the central role that such skills can play in developing other desirable attributes. Current thinking…

Hassall, T.; Joyce, J.; Bramhall, M. D.; Robinson, I. M.; Arquero, J. L.

2005-01-01

259

Early Literacy and Early Numeracy: The Value of Including Early Literacy Skills in the Prediction of Numeracy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine whether early literacy skills uniquely predict early numeracy skills development. During the first year of the study, 69 3- to 5-year-old preschoolers were assessed on the Preschool Early Numeracy Skills (PENS) test and the Test of Preschool Early Literacy Skills (TOPEL). Participants were assessed again a…

Purpura, David J.; Hume, Laura E.; Sims, Darcey M.; Lonigan, Cristopher J.

2011-01-01

260

Developing Technical Writing Skills in the Physical Chemistry Laboratory: A Progressive Approach Employing Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Writing formal "journal-style" lab reports is often one of the requirements chemistry and biochemistry students encounter in the physical chemistry laboratory. Helping students improve their technical writing skills is the primary reason this type of writing is a requirement in the physical chemistry laboratory. Developing these skills is an…

Gragson, Derek E.; Hagen, John P.

2010-01-01

261

Development of Student Inquiry Skills: A Constructivist Approach in a Computerized Classroom Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study investigated the extent to which students' inquiry skills can be facilitated through the use of a computerized science database (Birds of the Antarctica) and specially designed curriculum materials. Much attention was given in the program to developing both students' inquiry skills and their subject-matter knowledge. Grade 11 and 12…

Maor, Dorit

262

Development and Validation of the Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Skills Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although several theories exist to describe why patients improve in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), in only a limited number of studies has CBT skill acquisition been examined, particularly among patients with complex clinical profiles. Thus, the overarching aim of this research was to develop a tool to measure patients’ use of CBT skills, such that it would have clinical utility for

Karen L. Jacob; Michael S. Christopher; Edmund C. Neuhaus

2011-01-01

263

Science in Early Childhood: Developing and Acquiring Fundamental Concepts and Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Efforts to introduce children to essential experiences of science inquiry must begin at an early age. This paper describes the development of fundamental concepts and skills used from infancy through the primary years and presents strategies for helping students to acquire those fundamental concepts and skills needed for inquiry learning. The…

Lind, Karen K.

264

The Effect of Blogging and Electronic Journaling on Writing Skills Development in High School Freshmen  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Blogging and computerized journaling are effective tools for writing skill development; however, research has not revealed which specific populations of students are aided by blogging or journaling, nor has research revealed the specific writing skills that are most likely to be improved by these practices. The purpose of the study was to…

Anderson, Dianne Bruce

2010-01-01

265

Development and Validation of the Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Skills Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although several theories exist to describe why patients improve in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), in only a limited number of studies has CBT skill acquisition been examined, particularly among patients with complex clinical profiles. Thus, the overarching aim of this research was to develop a tool to measure patients' use of CBT skills,…

Jacob, Karen L.; Christopher, Michael S.; Neuhaus, Edmund C.

2011-01-01

266

Analysis of Technical Skills in Job Advertisements Targeted at Software Developers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper has two parts. The first part is a trend analysis from the period 1990- 2004 and the second part is a cross-sectional analysis from the year 2004. In both parts, the purpose was to find the most common technical skills sought in American job advertisements for software developer positions. Unlike in previous researches, also distributed technology skills

Sami Surakka

2005-01-01

267

College Instructors' Implicit Theories about Teaching Skills and Their Relationship to Professional Development Choices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implicit theories about the malleability of skills/abilities have been shown to predict learners' willingness to participate in learning opportunities. The authors examined whether college professors' implicit theories about the malleability of teaching skills predicted their willingness to engage in professional development (PD) related to…

Thadani, V.; Breland, W.; Dewar, J.

2010-01-01

268

The Impact of Content and Structure on a Case-Based Approach to Developing Leadership Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Case studies are frequently used in a number of organisational training settings. However, there has been little empirical study of how these cases can be most effective for developing leadership skills. The present study tests the impact of case content and structural features on the acquisition and transfer of leadership skills. Content…

Connelly, Shane; Allen, Matthew T.; Waples, Ethan

2007-01-01

269

A Follow up: Developing Growing Need for Soft-Skills in IT Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we follow up "Developing Growing Need for Soft-Skills in IT Professionals," a paper from the 2003 ASCUE Conference. In that paper we examined the need for "soft-skills" by information technology professionals. In the current economic climate, IT outsourcing is becoming increasingly popular. Our Columbus, Indiana Purdue campus has a…

Swanson, Dewey A.; Phillips, Julie

2004-01-01

270

The Development of a Program to Increase Listening Skills in First Grade Students through Storytelling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A practicum was conducted to improve the listening skills of a first grade class in a public elementary school in a mostly Hispanic residential community. A listening program was developed and implemented to increase listening skills. Storytelling was the main strategy used, and it was implemented daily. Other listening activities were also…

Fischer, Debra L.

271

Developing and Implementing a Parental Awareness Program to Enhance Techniques for Fostering Preschool Critical Thinking Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An educational consultant with experience in teaching graduate courses for teacher certification in gifted education implemented a practicum designed to develop selected thinking skills in approximately 40 nursery school 3-year-olds. The practicum was also intended to inform parents of practical techniques for fostering important thinking skills

Gilmore, Helen Moore

272

Development of an operation skill-training simulator for double-front work machine  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a newly developed simulator for operation skill training in Double-Front Construction Machinery (DFCM) that allows novices to virtually experience tough operations repeatedly using DFCM under various conditions, including dangerous congestion. First, we selected several situations targeted where the DFCM needs to be used to provide a high level of operation skills: sorted dismantling for recycling and reusing

Mitsuhiro Kamezaki; Hiroyasu Iwata; Shigeki Sugano

2008-01-01

273

Developing a Test of Scientific Literacy Skills (TOSLS): Measuring Undergraduates' Evaluation of Scientific Information and Arguments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Life sciences faculty agree that developing scientific literacy is an integral part of undergraduate education and report that they teach these skills. However, few measures of scientific literacy are available to assess students' proficiency in using scientific literacy skills to solve scenarios in and beyond the undergraduate biology classroom.…

Gormally, Cara; Brickman, Peggy; Lutz, Mary

2012-01-01

274

Differential Pathways to Generic Skills Development of Male and Female College Students in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzed a stratified random sample of 1,707 senior students at 60 four-year universities in South Korea to explore the gender-specific pathways to Korean students' development of generic skills--analytical thinking and problem-solving skills. Multiple regression analyses were performed to investigate the involvement factors…

Rhee, Byung Shik; Kim, Sooji

2012-01-01

275

Developing Young Thinkers: An Intervention Aimed to Enhance Children's Thinking Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is increasingly popular to "teach" thinking skills in schools. A diverse variety of programmes exist to support practitioners in this task, and some research has been gathered on the effectiveness of individual approaches. However, the difficulties when assessing the development of thinking skills are widely documented. This study aimed to…

Burke, Lynsey A.; Williams, Joanne M.

2008-01-01

276

Building the Framework: The Development of Basic Skills Support in Further Education Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This summary sets out the main findings of an eighteen month research project into the development of basic skills support in colleges of further education in England and Wales. The research was commissioned by the Basic Skills Agency and undertaken by the University of Central England and Bilston Community College. The research was based on…

Basic Skills Agency, 2005

2005-01-01

277

Developing Reading Skills through Subject Areas; A Handbook for Secondary School Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook includes materials developed by faculty members of George W. Wingate High School in a program to improve reading skills in subject area classes. These materials include lesson plans and various kinds of worksheets. Although the lessons involve many content areas, they are divided into these reading skill subject areas; vocabulary…

Schain, Robert L., Ed.; And Others

278

The Development of Spatial Skills through Interventions Involving Block Building Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the use of block-building interventions to develop spatial-reasoning skills in kindergartners. Two intervention conditions and a control condition were included to determine, first, whether the block building activities themselves benefited children's spatial skills, and secondly, whether a story context further improved…

Casey, Beth M.; Andrews, Nicole; Schindler, Holly; Kersh, Joanne E.; Samper, Alexandra; Copley, Juanita

2008-01-01

279

Developing Students' Literacy Skills Using High-Tech Speech-Generating Augmentative and Alternative Communication Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article outlines practical techniques for developing literacy skills in users of high-tech speech-generating augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices. The recommended strategies are intended for general classroom teachers who teach literacy skills to students with typical speech. Many students who use high-tech AAC devices…

Wilkins, Julia; Ratajczak, Amy

2009-01-01

280

The Development of the "Autism Social Skills Profile": A Preliminary Analysis of Psychometric Properties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is currently a critical need to develop reliable and valid social skills assessment tools for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The "Autism Social Skills Profile" (ASSP) is a new assessment tool that provides a comprehensive measure of social functioning in children and adolescents with ASD. The ASSP was…

Bellini, Scott; Hopf, Andrea

2007-01-01

281

The Development of the Autism Social Skills ProfileA Preliminary Analysis of Psychometric Properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is currently a critical need to develop reliable and valid social skills assessment tools for children and adolescents With autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The Autism Social Skills Profile (ASSP) is a neW assessment tool that provides a comprehensive measure of social functioning in children and adolescents With ASD. The ASSP Was designed to assist With intervention planning and to

Scott Bellini; Andrea Hopf

2007-01-01

282

Beyond Fun and Games: A Framework for Quantifying Music Skill Developments from Video Game Play  

Microsoft Academic Search

Music-driven video games have become a popular recreational activity, but the extent to which they promote musical skill development has had little direct study. This project presents a framework for evaluating how core musical skills are impacted by playing rhythm games; games wherein players imitate and recreate a layer in a song by following visual prompts (simplified scrolling) and sound

Patrick Richardson; Youngmoo Kim

2011-01-01

283

AC 2007-1866: EXPLICIT DEVELOPMENT OF ENGINEERING SKILLS AND CHARACTERISTICS IN THE FRESHMAN YEAR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper describes a new freshman two-course sequence designed to introduce students to engineering and to explicitly develop the cognitive skills and personal characteristics of an experienced engineer. The courses focus on engineering skills associated with design and communication,and on personal characteristics associated with good teamwork and effective leadership. Small group discussion related to course readings are used to

Joseph Schimmels

2007-01-01

284

Reliability and construct validity of the Clinical Observations of Motor and Postural Skills.  

PubMed

The Clinical Observations of Motor and Postural Skills (COMPS) is a screening tool for children with motor incoordination. A study of reliability (test-retest, interrater, and internal consistency) and construct validity with 132 children, both with and without developmental coordination disorder, is reported here. Test-retest reliability over 2 weeks was high: .92 for a group of 48 children. Interrater reliability for occupational therapists experienced in pediatrics was also excellent: .87 for a group of 72 children. Internal consistency of the COMPS was high, particularly when one of the seven items (Schilder's arm extension) was deleted. The test discriminates well between children with and without motor problems and has many properties of a good screening test. PMID:1514563

Wilson, B; Pollock, N; Kaplan, B J; Law, M; Faris, P

1992-09-01

285

Adolescents’ Web-Based Literacies, Identity Construction, and Skill Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five qualitative multiple-case studies document adolescents' uses of Web-based resources and digital literacy skills to construct their online identities. Working from a perspective that integrates new literacies with multimodality, the researchers enlisted the help of five high school students who kept daily logs of the websites they visited for 8 months. The logs provided a focus for weekly, semi-structured individual

Donna E. Alvermann; James D. Marshall; Cheryl A. McLean; Andrew P. Huddleston; Jairus Joaquin; John Bishop

2012-01-01

286

Developing Writing Skills Through Students Giving Instructional Explanations  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Writing skills are considered to be critical for academic and professional success (National Commission on Writing, 2004,\\u000a The neglected “r” the need for a writing revolution. The College Board). However, a large number of students are not writing\\u000a well. According to National Assessment of Educational Progress (2002, Writing report card for the nation and the states: National\\u000a Center for Education

Kwangsu Cho; Christian Schunn

287

Reading by Radio: A Position Paper on the Use of Radio in Teaching Reading Skills for Educational Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper discusses the importance of language skills for developing country educational development and the usefulness and appropriateness of radio in advancing these skills. As a tool in the general educational process, radio possesses several advantag...

M. Imhoof

1981-01-01

288

Problem Solving and Reasoning Skills Cognitive Development Model for Severely Disadvantaged Puerto Rican College Students. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Through the Problem Solving and Reasoning Skills Cognitive Development Model for Severely Disadvantaged Puerto Rican College Students, the Ana G. Mendez Educational Foundation developed a model for cognitive skills development for disadvantaged, low-achieving Hispanics. The program incorporates cognitive skills into existing remedial courses in…

Ana G. Mendez Educational Foundation, Rio Piedras, PR.

289

Technical Manual for Forms P and Q of the Wisconsin Tests of Reading Skill Development: Comprehension. Technical Report No. 465.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The procedures used in developing test forms P and Q of the "Wisconsin Tests of Reading Skill Development: Comprehension" are described in this report. The criterion-referenced tests assess the 40 skills and objectives of the "Wisconsin Design for Reading Skill Development: Comprehension" commercial edition. The report contains individual test…

Klopp, Pamela M.; And Others

290

Robotically assisted microsurgery: development of basic skills course.  

PubMed

Robotically assisted microsurgery or telemicrosurgery is a new technique using robotic telemanipulators. This allows for the addition of optical magnification (which defines conventional microsurgery) to robotic instrument arms to allow the microsurgeon to perform complex microsurgical procedures. There are several possible applications for this platform in various microsurgical disciplines. Since 2009, basic skills training courses have been organized by the Robotic Assisted Microsurgical and Endoscopic Society. These basic courses are performed on training models in five levels of increasing complexity. This paper reviews the current state of the art in robotically asisted microsurgical training. PMID:23898425

Liverneaux, Philippe André; Hendriks, Sarah; Selber, Jesse C; Parekattil, Sijo J

2013-07-17

291

Assessing Information Literacy Skills Development in First Year Students: A Multi-Year Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Assessment data from 5 years of a pretest/posttest with first-year students was analyzed using McNemar's test. The results show that revisiting previous assessment data can identify significant changes in information literacy skill development.|

Fain, Margaret

2011-01-01

292

When Hell Freezes Over: An Approach To Develop Student Interest and Communication Skills  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I have built a repertoire of engaging chemistry-related mysteries and conundrums that can be used to increase students' interest in science and to develop students' communication skills.

See Letter re: this article.

Delorenzo, Ron

1999-04-01

293

Development, implementation, and skill assessment of the NOAA/NOS Great Lakes Operational Forecast System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NOAA Great Lakes Operational Forecast System (GLOFS) uses near-real-time atmospheric observations and numerical weather prediction forecast guidance to produce three-dimensional forecasts of water temperature and currents, and two-dimensional forecasts of water levels of the Great Lakes. This system, originally called the Great Lakes forecasting system (GLFS), was developed at The Ohio State University and NOAA's Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (GLERL) in 1989. In 1996, a workstation version of the GLFS was ported to GLERL to generate semi-operational nowcasts and forecasts daily. In 2004, GLFS went through rigorous skill assessment and was transitioned to the National Ocean Service (NOS) Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS) in Silver Spring, MD. GLOFS has been making operational nowcasts and forecasts at CO-OPS since September 30, 2005. Hindcast, nowcast, and forecast evaluations using the NOS-developed skill assessment software tool indicated both surface water levels and temperature predictions passed the NOS specified criteria at a majority of the validation locations with relatively low root mean square error (4-8 cm for water levels and 0.5 to 1°C for surface water temperatures). The difficulty of accurately simulating seiches generated by storms (in particular in shallow lakes like Lake Erie) remains a major source of error in water level prediction and should be addressed in future improvements of the forecast system.

Chu, Philip Y.; Kelley, John G. W.; Mott, Gregory V.; Zhang, Aijun; Lang, Gregory A.

2011-09-01

294

Development of Skill Standards and a Tailor-made Education System in TOSHIBA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Software development for embedded systems such as cellular phone and digital TV systems has become larger in scale while development times have become shorter. More over, the necessary technologies are required to respond more rapidly in line with movements in the sales climate for these products. In such a business environment, skill enhancement for software engineers is highly important. In this paper, we explain a tailor-made education system based on skill standards.

Harashima, Shuji

295

Guided inquiry laboratory exercises designed to develop qualitative reasoning skills in undergraduate engineering students  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe inquiry-based lab exercises designed to develop qualitative reasoning skills. The exercises require students to predict outcomes before making measurements, and to compare predictions to measurements as soon as those measurements are available. The predict-then-confirm process aims to develop both qualitative and quantitative reasoning as a practical engineering skill and as a method of gaining deeper understanding of the

Gerald Recktenwald; Robert Edwards

2010-01-01

296

Student?teachers’ supervision as a professional development activity: building work?related skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to identify and outline the work?related skills that cooperating teachers in the Cayman Islands and Saint Kitts?Nevis developed or reinforced as they supervised student?teachers. A qualitative case?study methodology was used. The findings indicate that cooperating teachers developed and reinforced essential teaching, mentoring, collaboration and strategic skills, but failed to identify others that were considered

Mark A. Minott; Ionie Liburd Willett

2011-01-01

297

Design principles for support in developing students’ transformative inquiry skills in Web-based learning environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this explorative study was to find the factors limiting sixth-grade learners’ outcomes in acquiring skills related to the transformative inquiry learning processes as well as to analyse the interrelations between inquiry skills in order to develop an optimal support system for designing Web-based inquiry learning environments. A Web-based learning environment ‘Young Scientist’ was developed and applied to

Margus Pedaste; Tago Sarapuu

2012-01-01

298

Skilled Migration, Knowledge Transfer and Development: The Case of the Highly Skilled Filipino Migrants in New Zealand and Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides evidence that highly skilled migrants continue to remain connected with and deeply committed to their home country. These connections challenge the notion of knowledge and skills loss from high-skilled migration. Highly skilled migrants are also involved in remittance giving, which, although of the noneconomic type, offers new possibilities for building wealth. These are the so-called ‘knowledge transfers’

Sheila V. Siar

2011-01-01

299

Development Of Proximal Formative Assessment Skills In Video-based Teacher Professional Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developing skills for proximal formative assessment is a primary goal of the academic-year professional development course offered by the Energy Project at SPU. We have adapted a video club model (Sherin & Han, 2004) in which groups of teachers watch and discuss video of classroom interactions. In this paper, we use a framework developed by Sherin & Han to analyze teacher reasoning about student understanding in an episode of video from our course. Teachers in the video use evidence from student interactions to propose general models of student thinking about energy. Our analysis suggests that the video-based professional development supports teachers in developing their professional vision for teaching: practicing the selective attention to and reasoning about evidence of student understanding that is required for proximal formative assessment.

Close, Eleanor W.; Scherr, Rachel E.; Close, Hunter G.; Mckagan, Sarah B.

2012-05-15

300

Development of proximal formative assessment skills in video-based teacher professional development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developing skills for proximal formative assessment is a primary goal of the academic-year professional development course offered by the Energy Project at SPU. We have adapted a video club model (Sherin & Han, 2004) in which groups of teachers watch and discuss video of classroom interactions. In this paper, we use a framework developed by Sherin & Han to analyze teacher reasoning about student understanding in an episode of video from our course. Teachers in the video use evidence from student interactions to propose general models of student thinking about energy. Our analysis suggests that the video-based professional development supports teachers in developing their professional vision for teaching: practicing the selective attention to and reasoning about evidence of student understanding that is required for proximal formative assessment.

Close, Eleanor W.; Scherr, Rachel E.; Close, Hunter G.; McKagan, Sarah B.

2012-02-01

301

Constructing Identities - Developing Skills: Cases of Workers with Poor Literacy Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Vygotskian concept of a Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) has been explored extensively in school education settings as a means of determining cognitive change. Evidenced in settings characterised by social activity ZPDs are present in the cognitive process that occur when humans interact in and with their natural or man made environments. While most research around ZPDs concerns classrooms,

M. Kell

2007-01-01

302

Motor Skill Abilities in Toddlers with Autistic Disorder, Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified, and Atypical Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Motor skills were assessed in 397 toddlers, and it was demonstrated that atypically developing toddlers exhibited significantly greater motor skill abilities than toddlers with autistic disorder. No significant difference on gross or fine motor skill abilities were found between atypically developing toddlers and toddlers with pervasive…

Matson, Johnny L.; Mahan, Sara; Fodstad, Jill C.; Hess, Julie A.; Neal, Daniene

2010-01-01

303

Basic Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These four articles focus on developing basic reading, science, and job search skills: "Reading Program for Vocational Classes" by Augustus Luparelli; "Why Teach Employability Skills?" by Larry Siefferman; "Improving Vocabulary and Reading Skills" by Edythe Conway; and "Science in Everyday Life" by Virginia Eleazer and George Carney. (SK)

Luparelli, Augustus N.; And Others

1981-01-01

304

Developing 21st century skills through the use of student personal learning networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research was conducted to study the development of 21st century communication, collaboration, and digital literacy skills of students at the high school level through the use of online social network tools. The importance of this study was based on evidence high school and college students are not graduating with the requisite skills of communication, collaboration, and digital literacy skills yet employers see these skills important to the success of their employees. The challenge addressed through this study was how high schools can integrate social network tools into traditional learning environments to foster the development of these 21st century skills. A qualitative research study was completed through the use of case study. One high school class in a suburban high performing town in Connecticut was selected as the research site and the sample population of eleven student participants engaged in two sets of interviews and learned through the use social network tools for one semester of the school year. The primary social network tools used were Facebook, Diigo, Google Sites, Google Docs, and Twitter. The data collected and analyzed partially supported the transfer of the theory of connectivism at the high school level. The students actively engaged in collaborative learning and research. Key results indicated a heightened engagement in learning, the development of collaborative learning and research skills, and a greater understanding of how to use social network tools for effective public communication. The use of social network tools with high school students was a positive experience that led to an increased awareness of the students as to the benefits social network tools have as a learning tool. The data supported the continued use of social network tools to develop 21st century communication, collaboration, and digital literacy skills. Future research in this area may explore emerging social network tools as well as the long term impact these tools have on the development of lifelong learning skills and quantitative data linked to student learning.

Miller, Robert D.

305

[Interpersonal relationships experienced in college life and development of social skills].  

PubMed

The purpose of this study is to clarify the relation between the development of social skills and students' experience in interpersonal relationships during their college life, focusing on what factors are most influential. The study was conducted based on a questionnaire regarding social skills, attitudes toward college life, clinical practice, lectures and interpersonal relationships, etc., distributed to 72 senior students from a 4-year nursing college as subjects. As a result, it was found that when students had to meet hardships regarding interpersonal relations during their college life, those who had two or more coping tools were able to develop more social skills than those who had to cope with the difficulty on their own. Moreover, students who had part-time jobs, took part in two or more extracurricular activities or overcame the difficulty of interpersonal relations during school festivals were reported to have improved their social skills. From these findings, one can speculate that the more quantity and the higher quality of interpersonal relationships students experience in their college life, the more and the higher-level social skills they can develop. It was also shown that the negative attitude toward interpersonal relationships as well as the difficulty students felt, during clinical practices worked as negative factors that might arrest the development of their social skills. It is therefore suggested that during clinical practices teachers should commit themselves positively to helping students cope with difficult situations or mend their negative attitudes toward interpersonal relations. PMID:16180513

Fujino, Yuriko; Muroya, Kazuko; Sato, Hitomi

2005-09-01

306

Skill assessment of wind models for the Adriatic using wind and wave observations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wind plays a dominant role in coastal ocean processes, determining the sea state, generating storm surge and driving mixing and transport of dissolved, suspended or floating material. The performance of oceanographic models is therefore strongly dependent on the performance of the underlying wind model, but how should the skill of the wind model be judged? Four wind models with differing spatial resolution, physics and boundary conditions are evaluated in the Adriatic Sea over a two-month period in spring 2001: a global hydrostatic model ECMWF T511 (40 km resolution), a regional hydrostatic model LAMBO (15 km), and two local area non-hydrostatic models: LAMI (7 km) and COAMPSTM (4 km). These wind models are used to drive a 2 km resolution wave model (SWAN) of the entire Adriatic, and both wind and wave results are compared to observations at an oceanographic platform located 16 km off the coast of Venice. Waves are also compared at buoy locations near Ancona and Ortona. The results show that the higher-resolution local area models LAMI and COAMPS have a much better amplitude response than the coarser ECMWF: there is a 3-4 fold reduction of the winds underestimation at the platform (from 36% to 8-11%). The wave response is also much improved with LAMI and COAMPS with a two fold reduction in the underestimation of wave heights at the platform. The local area models also produce wind fields with more realistic looking small-scale spatial structure during strong wind events. The correlation between observed and modeled wind and waves, however, is highest for the relatively smooth ECMWF wind fields. It is argued that this is not an appropriate measure of model performance, because phase errors in the small-scale structure of the higher-resolution models degrade the correlation. Although there is still considerable room for improvement, existing local area wind models offer significant advantages over coarser resolution models for driving oceanographic simulations in the Adriatic Sea.

Signell, R. P.; Carniel, S.; Cavaleri, L.; Chiggiato, J.; Doyle, J.; Pullen, J.; Sclavo, M.

2003-04-01

307

Development of Cognitive Skills in Children with Motor Coordination Impairments at 12Month Follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study presents a 1-year follow-up investigation of the development of executive functions (i.e., inhibition, updating, and shifting) in children with motor coordination impairments. Cognitive and motor coordination skills of children (N = 94) aged between 5 and 7 years with and without motor coordination impairments were compared. A second focus of the study was on pre-academic skills. The

Eva Michel; Marianne Roethlisberger; Regula Neuenschwander; Claudia M. Roebers

2011-01-01

308

Guide to good practices for teamwork training and diagnostic skills development  

SciTech Connect

This guide provides assistance in the development, implementation, and improvement of training on teamwork and diagnostics. DOE and contractor representatives identified the need for teamwork and diagnostics training guidance. This need was based on the increasing emphasis of properly applying knowledge and skills to complete assigned tasks. Teamwork and diagnostic skills have become a focal point because of the impact they have on effective facility operation and safety.

NONE

1997-06-01

309

Contribution of discourse and morphosyntax skills to reading comprehension in Chinese dyslexic and typically developing children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed at identifying important skills for reading comprehension in Chinese dyslexic children and their typically\\u000a developing counterparts matched on age (CA controls) or reading level (RL controls). The children were assessed on Chinese\\u000a reading comprehension, cognitive, and reading-related skills. Results showed that the dyslexic children performed significantly\\u000a less well than the CA controls but similarly to RL controls

Pakey Pui-man Chik; Connie Suk-han Ho; Pui-sze Yeung; Yau-kai Wong; David Wai-ock Chan; Kevin Kien-hoa Chung; Lap-yan Lo

310

Developing Students' Literacy Skills Using High-Tech Speech-Generating Augmentative and Alternative Communication Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines practical techniques for developing literacy skills in users of high-tech speech-generating augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices. The recommended strategies are intended for general classroom teachers who teach literacy skills to students with typical speech. Many students who use high-tech AAC devices participate in grade-level instruction. Strategies based on the National Reading Panel's research-based findings for effective

Julia Wilkins; Amy Ratajczak

2009-01-01

311

Science Sampler: The use of stations to develop inquiry skills and content for rock hounds  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teaching the rock cycle can overwhelm even the most enthusiastic rock hound. As middle school science teachers, we constantly struggle with an appropriate balance between Earth system content and experiential activities. The authors have found that stations can be successfully employed to teach rock cycle content while reinforcing development of inquiry skills. Using stations, teachers are able to implement the abundance of available activities that incorporate content, standards, and inquiry skills.

Chandler, Anna T.; Veal, William R.

2008-09-01

312

Developing a framework to measure organizational and employee skills development in a professional engineering design consultancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

As we move into a knowledge economy, employee skills are fast becoming an organization’s most valuable asset. Fundamental to successfully completing the complex range of tasks presented by construction projects is bringing together individuals with the correct balance of skills. No one individual has the complete set of skills to do everything themselves, which makes the team only as strong

Isao T Matsumoto; John Stapleton; Jacqueline Glass; Tony Thorpe

2005-01-01

313

Unlocking the Power of Observation: Activities to teach early learners the fundamentals of an important inquiry skill  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The dawn of a new school year is the perfect time to reflect on last year's successes while setting even higher expectations for the upcoming year. For several years, many of our new-school-year resolutions have revolved around a common theme: improving the introduction of inquiry skills to young (kindergarten through second grade) learners, particularly students with limited English-language skills. After experiencing many partial successes, we have found that following easy-to-implement workshop activities to be just what we needed to make our resolutions come true. The activities focus on observation and communication. These skills not only help to focus young children's natural curiosity but also build a solid foundation for future scientific learning.

Martin, Dean M.; Faszewski, Ellen E.; Anderson, Karen L.

2006-09-01

314

Using Clickers to Facilitate Development of Problem-Solving Skills  

PubMed Central

Classroom response systems, or clickers, have become pedagogical staples of the undergraduate science curriculum at many universities. In this study, the effectiveness of clickers in promoting problem-solving skills in a genetics class was investigated. Students were presented with problems requiring application of concepts covered in lecture and were polled for the correct answer. A histogram of class responses was displayed, and students were encouraged to discuss the problem, which enabled them to better understand the correct answer. Students were then presented with a similar problem and were again polled. My results indicate that those students who were initially unable to solve the problem were then able to figure out how to solve similar types of problems through a combination of trial and error and class discussion. This was reflected in student performance on exams, where there was a statistically significant positive correlation between grades and the percentage of clicker questions answered. Interestingly, there was no clear correlation between exam grades and the percentage of clicker questions answered correctly. These results suggest that students who attempt to solve problems in class are better equipped to solve problems on exams.

Levesque, Aime A.

2011-01-01

315

New services to develop children's and young people's information skills ? the European projects CHILIAS and VERITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper assesses the development and achievements of two significant European initiatives in developing library and information facilities on the Internet for children and teenagers. CHILIAS (Children's Library ? Information ? Animation ? Skills), developed by a European consortium under the leadership of Stuttgart City Library, Germany, has created a virtual library for children aged between 9 and 12. It

Ingrid Bussmann; Janet Stafford

2000-01-01

316

Cultural Teaching: The Development of Teaching Skills in Maya Sibling Interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychology has considered the development of learning, but the development of teaching in childhood has not been considered. The data presented in this article demonstrate that children develop teaching skills over the course of middle childhood. Seventy-two Maya children (25 boys, 47 girls) ranging in age from 3 to 11 years ( M ? 6.8 years) were videotaped in sibling

Ashley E. Maynard

2002-01-01

317

The Impact of Skills Development on Competitiveness: Empirical Evidence from a Cross-Country Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the past half-century, most countries have emphasized the development of human capital as an instrument for economic growth, sustainable development, and improved global competitiveness. However, limited evidence exists on the link between skills development and a country's competitiveness. This paper examines the contribution and association…

Onsomu, Eldah N.; Ngware, Moses W.; Manda, Damiano K.

2010-01-01

318

Early Literacy Development: Skill Growth and Relations between Classroom Variables for Preschool Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Promoting the development of early literacy skills might prevent later reading achievement problems. This longitudinal study investigated rates of early literacy growth using Individual Growth and Development Indicators (IGDIs) for 69 preschool children classified as belonging to 1 of 4 groups with or without risk for developing early literacy…

Missall, K. N.; McConnell, S. R.; Cadigan, K.

2006-01-01

319

A Model for Analyzing the Development of Early Communication Skills, According to Levels of Cognitive Organization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents a neo-Piagetian model for examining the development of early communication and language skills; discusses its origins in the current developmental literature, and provides a brief overview of a preliminary version of 12 scales developed for assessing communicative development based on the model. The model attempts to provide a…

Seibert, Jeffrey M.

320

The Development of Language and Reading Skills in Children with Down's Syndrome.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The book summarizes the current state of knowledge concerning language development in children with Down Syndrome (DS). The first chapter reviews language development in normal children, noting such stages as gestures, first sounds, development of understanding, first spoken words, and the two-word stage. The next chapter examines language skills

Buckley, Sue; And Others

321

Developing Children's Oral Language Skills through Dialogic Reading: Guidelines for Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early childhood and special educators are under growing demands to develop children's language and literacy skills through evidence-based practices. One promising research-based strategy for vocabulary and language development is dialogic reading (DR), which is an interactive picture book reading technique developed in the late 1980's by…

Flynn, Kylie S.

2011-01-01

322

Early Literacy Development: Skill Growth and Relations between Classroom Variables for Preschool Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Promoting the development of early literacy skills might prevent later reading achievement problems. This longitudinal study investigated rates of early literacy growth using Individual Growth and Development Indicators (IGDIs) for 69 preschool children classified as belonging to 1 of 4 groups with or without risk for developing early literacy…

Missall, K. N.; McConnell, S. R.; Cadigan, K.

2006-01-01

323

Development of Emergent Literacy and Early Reading Skills in Preschool Children: Evidence From a Latent-Variable Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although research has identified oral language, print knowledge, and phonological sensitivity as important emergent literacy skills for the development of reading, few studies have examined the relations between these aspects of emergent literacy or between these skills during preschool and during later reading. This study examined the joint and unique predictive significance of emergent literacy skills for both later emergent

Christopher J. Lonigan; Stephen R. Burgess; Jason L. Anthony

2000-01-01

324

Development of emergent literacy and early reading skills in preschool children: Evidence from a latent-variable longitudinal study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although research has identified oral language, print knowledge, and phonological sensitivity as important emergent literacy skills for the development of reading, few studies have examined the relations between these aspects of emergent literacy or between these skills during preschool and during later reading. This study examined the joint and unique predictive significance of emergent literacy skills for both later emergent

Christopher J. Lonigan; Stephen R. Burgess; Jason L. Anthony

2000-01-01

325

Fixing Holes Where the Rain Gets in: Problem Areas in the Development of Generic Skills in Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Little attention is paid to understanding generic skills in business. Even less attention is paid to collecting evidence of students' development of these skills. This paper aims to fill this gap. Design/methodology/approach: Four generic skills in business undergraduate and graduate programs are examined--written communication; critical…

Calma, Angelito

2013-01-01

326

An approach to developing independent learning and non-technical skills amongst final year mining engineering students  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is mounting evidence to show that engineers need more than technical skills to succeed in industry. This paper describes a curriculum innovation in which so-called ‘soft’ skills, specifically inter-personal and intra-personal skills, were integrated into a final year mining engineering course. The instructional approach was designed to promote independent learning and to develop non-technical skills, essential for students on

C. G. Knobbs; D. J. Grayson

2012-01-01

327

Observations of adolescent peer resistance skills following a classroom-based healthy relationship program: a post-intervention comparison.  

PubMed

This study examines peer resistance skills following a 21-lesson classroom-based intervention to build healthy relationships and decrease abusive and health-risk behaviors among adolescents. The Fourth R instructs students in positive relationship skills, such as negotiation and delay, for navigating challenging peer and dating scenarios. Observational data from 196 grade 9 students participating in a larger cluster randomized controlled trial were used to evaluate post-intervention acquisition of peer resistance skills. Pairs of students engaged in a role play paradigm with older student actors, where they were subjected to increasing pressure to comply with peer requests related to drugs and alcohol, bullying, and sexual behavior. Specific and global measures of change in peer resistance responses were obtained from two independent sets of observers, blinded to condition. Specific peer resistance responses (negotiation, delay, yielding to pressure, refusal, and compliance) were coded by research assistants; global peer resistance responses were rated by teachers from other schools (thinking / inquiry, application, communication, and perceived efficacy). Students who received the intervention were more likely to demonstrate negotiation skills and less likely to yield to negative pressure relative to controls. Intervention students were also more likely to use delay than controls; control girls were more likely to use refusal responses; the number of times students complied with peer requests did not differ. Teacher ratings demonstrated significant main effects favoring intervention youth on all measures. Program and research implications are highlighted. PMID:22057307

Wolfe, David A; Crooks, Claire V; Chiodo, Debbie; Hughes, Raymond; Ellis, Wendy

2012-04-01

328

Deafness, language skills, and rehearsal: a model for the development of a memory strategy.  

PubMed

We review a series of studies that evaluate the role of developing language skills as a prerequisite to spontaneous rehearsal use in deaf populations. We propose a theoretical model that summarizes the contribution of language skills by highlighting the interrelations among age, language proficiency, and automatized language skills. In an initial test of the model, an index of deaf children's language experience was found to be an almost complete mediator of strategy use. Increasing language proficiency, therefore, was implicated as a critical variable in predicting children's spontaneous rehearsal use, minimizing any direct contribution from age per se. In a more direct assessment of the link between general language proficiency and rehearsal use, pragmatic language skills (as measured by the Language Proficiency Profile: LPP-I) were found to be a nearly complete mediator of rehearsal use, with the remaining contributions of age and language experience being nonsignificant. Language proficiency, therefore, was identified as a strong and necessary prerequisite for rehearsal to be used spontaneously as a memory strategy. The additional hypothesis that the automatization of these general language skills, measured by a rapid automatized naming task (RAN), contributes to spontaneous rehearsal was also evaluated. Automatized language emerged as a partial mediator of the language proficiency ? rehearsal use relation but additional language-processing variables were implicated. We discuss these findings as they relate to issues around the nature of language proficiency and the identification of those automatized language skills involved in rehearsal. PMID:15579842

Bebko, J; Metcalfe-Haggert, A

1997-01-01

329

Auditory skills, language development, and adaptive behavior of children with cochlear implants and additional disabilities  

PubMed Central

Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the development of functional auditory skills, language, and adaptive behavior in deaf children with cochlear implants (CI) who also have additional disabilities (AD). Design A two-group, pre-test versus post-test design was used. Study sample Comparisons were made between 23 children with CIs and ADs, and an age-matched comparison group of 23 children with CIs without ADs (No-AD). Assessments were obtained pre-CI and within 12 months post-CI. Results All but two deaf children with ADs improved in auditory skills using the IT-MAIS. Most deaf children in the AD group made progress in receptive but not expressive language using the Preschool Language Scale, but their language quotients were lower than the No-AD group. Five of eight children with ADs made progress in daily living skills and socialization skills; two made progress in motor skills. Children with ADs who did not make progress in language, did show progress in adaptive behavior. Conclusions Children with deafness and ADs made progress in functional auditory skills, receptive language, and adaptive behavior. Expanded assessment that includes adaptive functioning and multi-center collaboration is recommended to best determine benefits of implantation in areas of expected growth in this clinical population.

Beer, Jessica; Harris, Michael S.; Kronenberger, William G.; Holt, Rachael Frush; Pisoni, David B.

2012-01-01

330

"Skills for Productive Citizenship for All": The Place of Skills Development for Micro and Small Enterprises in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three important elements of a South African vision for high skills must be spreading skills improvements across the population in general, creating policy coherence and constructing new institutions. This article examines these issues through an investigation of the micro and small enterprise (MSE) sector and, in particular, through an analysis…

McGrath, Simon

2005-01-01

331

The Development of Decoding Skills, Reading Comprehension and Spelling Skills in Dutch Primary Schools: A Longitudinal Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This investigation--the first Dutch longitudinal research project on reading and spelling spanning the whole 6-year period of primary education--examined (1) whether it is possible to identify certain aspects of literacy--namely decoding skills, reading comprehension, and spelling skills--within verbal intelligence as latent variables, and…

Mommers, Martin J. C.; Boland, Theo

332

The development of emotion and empathy skills after childhood brain injury.  

PubMed

Lasting socio-emotional behaviour difficulties are common among children who have suffered brain injuries. A proportion of difficulties may be attributed to impaired cognitive and/or executive skills after injury. A recent and rapidly accruing body of literature indicates that deficits in recognizing and responding to the emotions of others are also common. Little is known about the development of these skills after brain injury. In this paper we summarize emotion-processing systems, and review the development of these systems across the span of childhood and adolescence. We describe critical phases in the development of emotion recognition skills and the potential for delayed effects after brain injury in earlier childhood. We argue that it is important to identify the specific nature of deficits in reading and responding to emotions after brain injury, so that assessments and early intervention strategies can be devised. PMID:19087100

Tonks, James; Slater, Alan; Frampton, Ian; Wall, Sarah E; Yates, Phil; Williams, W Huw

2009-01-01

333

Skill assessment of wind models for the Adriatic using wind and wave observations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wind plays a dominant role in coastal ocean processes, determining the sea state, generating storm surge and driving mixing and transport of dissolved, suspended or floating material. The performance of oceanographic models is therefore strongly dependent on the performance of the underlying wind model, but how should the skill of the wind model be judged? Four wind models with differing

R. P. Signell; S. Carniel; L. Cavaleri; J. Chiggiato; J. Doyle; J. Pullen; M. Sclavo

2003-01-01

334

Media-Savvy Scientific Literacy: Developing Critical Evaluation Skills by Investigating Scientific Claims  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students must learn content knowledge and develop scientific literacy skills to evaluate and use scientific information in real-world situations. Recognizing the accessibility of scientific information to the average citizen, we developed an instructional approach to help students learn how to judge the quality of claims. We describe a…

Brickman, Peggy; Gormally, Cara; Francom, Greg; Jardeleza, Sarah E.; Schutte, Virginia G. W.; Jordan, Carly; Kanizay, Lisa

2012-01-01

335

A Basis for Skills Developing the "College for Business" in Sussex: Part of an LSDA Collection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of its ongoing efforts to improve further education (FE) in the United Kingdom, the Learning and Skills Development Agency (LSDA) developed a model for FE colleges that see their core purpose as meeting the needs of business and industry as distinct form colleges with a mission to serve the needs of the community or prepare young people…

Hughes, Maria; Stanton, Geoff

336

Gender Differences in Fundamental Motor Skill Development in Disadvantaged Preschoolers from Two Geographical Regions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the influence of gender and region on object control (OC) and locomotor skill development. Participants were 275 midwestern African American and 194 southwestern Hispanic preschool children who were disadvantaged. All were evaluated on the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 (Ulrich, 2000). Two, 2 Gender (girls, boys) x 2 Region…

Goodway, Jacqueline D.; Robinson, Leah E.; Crowe, Heather

2010-01-01

337

Developing Motor and Tactical Skills in K-2 Physical Education: Let the Games Begin  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most motor development experts, teacher educators, and physical educators agree that the development of fundamental motor skills ought to be the focus of primary level (K-2nd grade) physical education. Given the limited number of days allocated for physical education in most elementary schools, ensuring that all students learn 200 or more…

Oslin, Judy

2004-01-01

338

Establishing a vendor neutral skills based framework for digital forensics curriculum development and competence assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines an approach being undertaken between ECU and the Australian Electronic Evidence Special Advisory Group (EESAG) in the production of vendor neutral skills matrix for developing curriculum and evaluating competence. The framework is constructed using Blooms Taxonomy of Learning. This is a work in progress paper and covers the inital stages of the development

Craig Valli

2006-01-01

339

Developing Skills for Independent Learning for Access to Higher Education Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

An investigation was carried out into how Access to Higher Education teachers at an inner London further education college interpreted the teaching and learning of skills for independent learning and developing learner autonomy, including the use of information technology and critical thinking in their teaching practices. The research indicated that the teachers have developed a learning and teaching model that

F. Nieto; A. Dimitriadou; N. Davy

2008-01-01

340

FET College Lecturers: The "Devolving" Link in the South African Skills Development Equation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|National attention on the role of skills development has focused on the role of Further Education and Training (FET) colleges in providing intermediate-level education and training necessary to meet the South African national development challenge. In particular, attention has been focused on reorganisation and rationalisation of college…

Akoojee, Salim

2008-01-01

341

Developing Patient-Centered Communication Skills Training for Oncologists: Describing the Content and Efficacy of Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication Skills Training (CST) is a proven aid to help oncologists achieve high quality patient-centered communication. No research studies have provided clear guidelines for developing the content of CST. The aim of this work is to describe a method of developing such content and evaluation of effectiveness of CST training workshops (based…

Brown, Richard F.; Bylund, Carma L.; Gueguen, Jennifer A.; Diamond, Catherine; Eddington, Julia; Kissane, David

2010-01-01

342

AUDITORY AUGMENTATION OF HAPTIC GRAPHS: DEVELOPING A GRAPHIC TOOL FOR TEACHING PRECALCULUS SKILL TO BLIND STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the development of a graphic tool to assist in the teaching of pre-calculus skills to blind students. More specifically, it reviews previous and on-going efforts to develop an instrument that will facilitate or enable blind students to examine and explore data and abstract graphs, and other mathematic entities haptically. The paper also discusses current research plans to

Frances Van Scoy; Don McLaughlin; Angela Fullmer

2005-01-01

343

The development of information technology skills in trainee teachers for the further education sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a case study approach, 36 students were surveyed about the development of Information Technology (IT) skills during their pre- and in-service training programme for trainee teachers for the Further Education (FE) sector. A short questionnaire was developed and used to assess student capability and attitudes towards IT in the FE Curriculum after they had completed a specific IT module.

Vincent Robbins

1998-01-01

344

High Skills, High Wages: Washington's Strategic Plan for Workforce Development. Our Agenda for Action.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state of Washington's workforce development system agenda focused in 2002 on these four goals: (1) closing a perceived job skills gap; (2) training incumbent and dislocated workers in order to prepare them for changes in the economy; (3) achieving wage progression for low income individuals; and (4) integrating workforce development programs…

Washington State Workforce Training and Education Coordinating Board, Olympia.

345

Web-Based Assessment Tool for Communication and Active Listening Skill Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The website "Active Listening" was developed within a larger project--"Interactive Web-based training in the subtleties of communication and active listening skill development." The Active Listening site aims to provide beginning counseling psychology students with didactic and experimental learning activities and interactive tests so that…

Cheon, Jongpil; Grant, Michael

2009-01-01

346

Supporting workers and communities nationally through recognised skill development and qualifications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Workforce development comprises improving the capacity of occupations to respond to health needs of the community by systematically identifying and addressing the many complex factors that influence the skill level and sustainability of the workforce. Training is only one of a number of related strategies to this end. Sustainable development of the community services and health (CS&H) workforce may require

2004-01-01

347

An Integrated Approach for Strategic Development of Engineering Curricula: Focus on Students' Design Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper proposes an integrated approach for developing the engineering curricula with a specific focus on engineering design. The proposed approach allows a continuous and coherent development of engineering students' design skills throughout the entire undergraduate curriculum. This ongoing design experience is delivered at an involvement and…

Rehman, H.-u.; Said, R. A.; Al-assaf, Y.

2009-01-01

348

An Integrated Approach for Strategic Development of Engineering Curricula: Focus on Students' Design Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes an integrated approach for developing the engineering curricula with a specific focus on engineering design. The proposed approach allows a continuous and coherent development of engineering students' design skills throughout the entire undergraduate curriculum. This ongoing design experience is delivered at an involvement and…

Rehman, H.-u.; Said, R. A.; Al-assaf, Y.

2009-01-01

349

Career Development and the Skills Shortage: A Lesson from Charles Dickens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents a critical argument to the profession of career development for the purpose of stimulating reflexive consideration on the myriad influences that impinge upon practitioners. The paper suggests that given the current skills agenda in the Australian economy, it may be timely to reflexively consider career development practice.…

McIlveen, Peter

2007-01-01

350

Developing Patient-Centered Communication Skills Training for Oncologists: Describing the Content and Efficacy of Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Communication Skills Training (CST) is a proven aid to help oncologists achieve high quality patient-centered communication. No research studies have provided clear guidelines for developing the content of CST. The aim of this work is to describe a method of developing such content and evaluation of effectiveness of CST training workshops (based…

Brown, Richard F.; Bylund, Carma L.; Gueguen, Jennifer A.; Diamond, Catherine; Eddington, Julia; Kissane, David

2010-01-01

351

Promoting Epistemological Development and Parenting Skills of Rural, Impoverished Mothers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Listening Partners project examined rural mothers' development of a sense of the power of their own minds and voices and the relationship between this sense of power and mothers' parenting strategies and their children's development. Two cohorts of 60 women from a rural, impoverished region of Vermont participated in the program. Half the…

Bond, Lynne A.; And Others

352

Orientation/Time Management Skill Training Lesson: Development and Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A lesson was developed containing materials designed to assist students in their adaption to the novelties of a computer assisted or managed instructional environment, providing students with appropriate role models for increasing acceptance of their incr...

J. L. Dobrovolny

1979-01-01

353

Developing creative writing skills in early childhood: A case study from Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study explores how a teacher of Early Childhood teaches young children creative writing skills in a community-based school in Karachi, Pakistan. A qualitative case study method was used to examine the practices of the teacher and four early years’ learners (seven to eight years). Data was generated through semi-structured interviews; classroom observations and document analysis. Findings reveal that current

Nilofar Vazir; Shairoz Ismail

2009-01-01

354

Clinical Skills in Final-year Medical Students: The Relationship between Self-reported Confidence and Direct Observation by Faculty or Residents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: Many students, while performing clinical skills such as medical interviewing\\/ communication, physical examination, and procedural tasks, have never been observed by faculty members or residents. This study aimed to explore the relationships between final-year medical students' self-reported confidence and the frequency of direct observation by faculty member or resident while conducting these clinical skills. Materials and Methods: Medical students

Walter Chen; Shih-chieh Liao; Chon-haw Tsai; Chiu-ching Huang; Cheng-chieh Lin; Chang-hai Tsai

355

Developing a Test of Scientific Literacy Skills (TOSLS): Measuring Undergraduates' Evaluation of Scientific Information and Arguments  

PubMed Central

Life sciences faculty agree that developing scientific literacy is an integral part of undergraduate education and report that they teach these skills. However, few measures of scientific literacy are available to assess students’ proficiency in using scientific literacy skills to solve scenarios in and beyond the undergraduate biology classroom. In this paper, we describe the development, validation, and testing of the Test of Scientific Literacy Skills (TOSLS) in five general education biology classes at three undergraduate institutions. The test measures skills related to major aspects of scientific literacy: recognizing and analyzing the use of methods of inquiry that lead to scientific knowledge and the ability to organize, analyze, and interpret quantitative data and scientific information. Measures of validity included correspondence between items and scientific literacy goals of the National Research Council and Project 2061, findings from a survey of biology faculty, expert biology educator reviews, student interviews, and statistical analyses. Classroom testing contexts varied both in terms of student demographics and pedagogical approaches. We propose that biology instructors can use the TOSLS to evaluate their students’ proficiencies in using scientific literacy skills and to document the impacts of curricular reform on students’ scientific literacy.

Gormally, Cara; Brickman, Peggy; Lutz, Mary

2012-01-01

356

Early Growth of Mexican-American Children: Lagging in Preliteracy Skills but not Social Development.  

PubMed

Latino toddlers fall behind White peers at 24 months of age in oral language and interactive skills with their mothers in English or Spanish. But Latino children enter kindergarten with social skills that rival White peers, despite social-class disparities. We ask whether cognitive trajectories widen during the 24-48 month period, how these patterns differ for Latinos, especially Mexican-Americans, and whether similar gaps in social-emotional growth appear. We analyzed growth patterns for a nationally representative birth sample (n = 4,690) drawn in 2001, estimating levels of change in development from 24 to 48 months of age, focusing on Latino subgroups. The mean gap in cognitive processing for Mexican-American children, already wide at 24-months of age relative to Whites (three-fourths of a standard deviation), remained constant at 48 months. But differences in social-emotional status were statistically insignificant at both 24 and 48 months. Mexican-American mothers were observed to be equally warm and supportive relative to White peers during interaction tasks. Yet the former group engaged less frequently in cognitive facilitation, oral language, and preliteracy activities in the home. Growth in both cognitive and social domains was considerably lower in larger families, placing children raised in poor or Spanish-speaking homes within a large household at greater risk of delays. Pediatricians and practitioners must carefully gauge the social-emotional well-being of Latino children, in developmental surveillance activities. Growth in cognitive and social domains unfolds independently for children of Mexican heritage, even when raised in economically poor families. PMID:23149800

Guerrero, Alma D; Fuller, Bruce; Chu, Lynna; Kim, Anthony; Franke, Todd; Bridges, Margaret; Kuo, Alice

2013-11-01

357

Making Change Happen: A Workshop for Developing Change Agent Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A specific rationale to support counselors as change agents and a model counselors can use to develop change agent strategies are presented in this program guide. It is based on the idea that counselors are in an excellent position for influencing change and, at the same time, improving their own situation. This package may be used by anyone…

Benjamin, Libby; Walz, Garry R.

358

Do peers influence children's skill development in preschool?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently, a disjuncture exists between the economic literature on young children's outcomes from early education or child care and the literature on schooling outcomes of older children and adolescents. Peer effects have been found to be both theoretically important and empirically significant in school settings, yet the effects of peers have not been incorporated into research estimating the child development

Gary T. Henry; Dana K. Rickman

2007-01-01

359

Do peers influence children's skill development in preschool?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently, a disjuncture exists between the economic literature on young children's outcomes from early education or childcare and the literature on schooling outcomes of older children and adolescents. Peer effects have been found to be both theoretically important and empirically significant in school settings, yet the effects of peers have not been incorporated into research estimating the child development production

Gary T. Henry; Dana K. Rickman

2005-01-01

360

Developing Intercultural Understanding and Skills: Models and Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers from a range of disciplines have been theorising and empirically examining intercultural competence and intercultural education for decades. This review article synthesises the research literature about these concepts around three questions: What is intercultural competence? How can it be developed? And how can it be measured? Our aim…

Perry, Laura B.; Southwell, Leonie

2011-01-01

361

Developing Design Skills in a Global Learning Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engineering design has undergone drastic changes over the years, including improvements in design visualization, design methods, and instrumentation. In this competitive, global economy, a product may be designed by engineers from several countries around the globe. Differences in cultural background and work attitudes must be understood by all parties involved in order to develop an effective design. For example, the

B. Lakkundi; K. Soschinske

362

Developing Sight-Reading Skills on Mallet Percussion Instruments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Sight-reading while playing a mallet instrument can present serious obstacles for the developing percussionist. Many young players who have solid snare drum technique usually cite fear of playing the wrong note as the number-one hurdle to overcome in order to begin making real progress. Greg Byrne, associate director of bands at the University of…

Fidyk, Steve

2009-01-01

363

Developing Decision-Making Skills for Socio-Scientific Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ability to make informed decisions on science-related social issues is considered an important attribute of scientific literacy. Literature to inform science educators how to bridge the gap between rhetoric and practice--and to assist them in developing this attribute in their students--burgeons. In view of the great diversity of…

Lee, Yeung Chung

2007-01-01

364

Developing Literacy Skills in the Early Years: A Practical Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on literacy development during the all-important Foundation Stage years. It is aimed at anyone who works with the three-plus age group -- nursery nurses, nursery teachers, Reception class teachers, nursery and Reception assistants and students practising in day nurseries, nursery schools or Reception classes. The book sets out…

White, Hilary

2005-01-01

365

World Geography. The Port of Baltimore Workplace Skills Development Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of learning modules was developed during a project to deliver workplace literacy instruction to individuals employed in the more than 50 businesses related to the activities of the Port of Baltimore. It is intended to accomplish the following objectives: familiarize students with basic concepts of geography; give students knowledge of…

Walker, Sam

366

Skill-oriented humanoid robot developments for autonomous robot competitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a kid size humanoid robot, HuroEvolution, is presented. The HuroEvolution is developed for two autonomous robot competitions of RoboCup 2010 and FIRA 2010. In order to perform various competition functions, the robot structure, sensor modules, control systems and software programs are designed to meet the competition requirements of participated games. In addition to the brief introductions of

Hung-Chyun Chou; Jui-Chou Chung; Chung-Hsien Kuo; Bo-Yi Chou

2011-01-01

367

Using writing as a vehicle to promote and develop scientific concepts and process skills in fourth-grade students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of conceptual knowledge, particularly at the elementary level, is one area in which researchers and educators have noted remarkable deficiencies. The purpose of this descriptive study was to observe the impact of the use of writing as a thinking tool on the promotion and development of scientific concepts and science process skills in elementary students in the discipline of science. Reports from some of the publications for science research and educational progress cited the direct links of writing effectiveness to the development of skills in critical thinking. The study consisted of 12 fourth-grade students in the control group and their 12 fourth-grade counterparts in the experimental group. The treatment for the study was the use of learning logs by the experimental group to record their written responses to predesigned prompts related to hands-on science experiences during the intervention period. Their counterparts did no writing. Statistical measures used were Student's t tests to determine if significance was present. A pretest and posttest were given that involved written responses to the same prompt. Three judges used a specially designed rubric to evaluate and score the writing. Significant differences were found when the scores of the experimental group were analyzed between pretest and posttest. Also, a standardized test to assess basic process skills was administered prior to and after the intervention. There were no statistical differences found in either group to demonstrate that writing effected the development of process skills. The researcher determined that perhaps writing is not the best way to promote process skills. Rather, engaging in science is the best way. These skills are built separately but used in tandem, particularly when learning about science and mathematics. The implications of this study impact upon several areas of education which make up paradigms leading to good practice based on sound theory. These components include the use of writing as a tool to develop and link conceptual knowledge, use of scientific discourse in collaborative efforts, use of integration of language arts and theme-related content areas, and multiinstructional techniques. Rather than a "change" of paradigms for veteran teachers then, an "addition to" existing paradigms could lead to the changes necessary to revamp curriculum and may aid in meeting the demands of a vastly changing and diverse population of monolingual and multilingual learners experiencing gaps in their construction and demonstration of oral and written knowledge.

Disimoni, Katherine Cecilia

368

Observed Ward Behavior Strongly Associated with Independent Living Skills: An Analysis of Convergent and Criterion-Related Validity of the NOSIE and the ILSI  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ratings of ward behavior and skill acquisition are important criteria for monitoring an individual’s recovery trajectory during\\u000a inpatient psychiatric rehabilitation. This study compared data from the Nurses’ Observational Scale for Inpatient Evaluation\\u000a (NOSIE) and the Independent Living Skills Inventory (ILSI) to identify relationships between ward behaviors and independent\\u000a living skills and to support the convergent validity of these instruments. The

Elizabeth A. Cook; Charlie A. Davidson; Jeffrey R. Nolting; William D. Spaulding

2011-01-01

369

Linking teachers' memory-relevant language and the development of children's memory skills.  

PubMed

This longitudinal study was designed to (a) examine changes in children's deliberate memory across the 1st grade; (b) characterize the memory-relevant aspects of their classrooms; and (c) explore linkages between the children's performance and the language their teachers use in instruction. To explore contextual factors that may facilitate the development of skills for remembering, 107 first graders were assessed 3 times with a broad set of tasks, while extensive observations were made in the 14 classrooms from which these children were sampled. When the participating teachers were classified as high or low in terms of their "mnemonic orientation," in part on the basis of their use of metacognitive information and requests for deliberate remembering during instruction in language arts and mathematics, differences were observed in the use of mnemonic techniques by the children in their classes. By the end of the year, the children drawn from these 2 groups of classrooms differed in their spontaneous use of simple behavioral strategies for remembering and in their response to training in more complex verbally based mnemonic techniques. PMID:18999327

Coffman, Jennifer L; Ornstein, Peter A; McCall, Laura E; Curran, Patrick J

2008-11-01

370

Using Children's Books to Teach Inquiry Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early childhood teachers realize the importance of inquiry-based instruction for children's science learning and their development of inquiry skills. The term "inquiry skills" refers to the science process skills scientists use to investigate the natural world--observing, inferring, posing questions, recording data, looking for patterns, and…

Sackes, Mesut; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Flevares, Lucia M.

2009-01-01

371

Using Children's Books to Teach Inquiry Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood teachers realize the importance of inquiry-based instruction for children's science learning and their development of inquiry skills. The term "inquiry skills" refers to the science process skills scientists use to investigate the natural world--observing, inferring, posing questions, recording data, looking for patterns, and…

Sackes, Mesut; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Flevares, Lucia M.

2009-01-01

372

The Development of Working Memory from Kindergarten to First Grade in Children with Different Decoding Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the development of working memory ability (measured by tasks assessing all four working memory components) from the end of kindergarten to the end of first grade--the first year reading is taught in school--and the relationship between working memory abilities in kindergarten and first grade and reading skills in first…

Nevo, Einat; Breznitz, Zvia

2013-01-01

373

The advance of research and evaluation skills by EPs: implications for training and professional development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research and evaluation has become increasingly important in many professions, including educational psychology, particularly as the profession moves to becoming more evidence?based in its practice. The recent move to a three year doctoral programme in England, Wales and Northern Ireland may be viewed as a positive one in developing research skills, although it is also crucial to consider what could

Miranda Eodanable; Fraser Lauchlan

2009-01-01

374

Developing Team Skills with Self- and Peer Assessment: Are Benefits Inversely Related to Team Function?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Self- and peer assessment has proved effective in promoting the development of teamwork and other professional skills in undergraduate students. However, in previous research approximately 30 percent of students reported that its use produced no perceived improvement in their teamwork experience. It was hypothesised that a significant…

Willey, Keith; Gardner, Anne

2009-01-01

375

Combining Multiple Measures of Students' Opportunities to Develop Analytic, Text-Based Writing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Guided by evidence that teachers contribute to student achievement outcomes, researchers have been reexamining how to study instruction and the classroom opportunities teachers create for students. We describe our experience measuring students' opportunities to develop analytic, text-based writing skills. Utilizing multiple methods of data…

Correnti, Richard; Matsumura, Lindsay Clare; Hamilton, Laura S.; Wang, Elaine

2012-01-01

376

Is an Online Learning Module an Effective Way to Develop Information Literacy Skills?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information literacy is an integral generic skill or graduate attribute in higher education, with many higher education institutions developing information literacy policies and including information literacy in graduate attribute policies. Barrie (2007) notes that universities around the world are increasingly concerned with ensuring that their…

Johnston, Nicole

2010-01-01

377

Is an Online Learning Module an Effective Way to Develop Information Literacy Skills?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information literacy is an integral generic skill or graduate attribute in higher education, with many higher education institutions developing information literacy policies and including information literacy in graduate attribute policies. Barrie (2007) notes that universities around the world are increasingly concerned with ensuring that their…

Johnston, Nicole

2010-01-01

378

The Effects of an Early History of Otitis Media on Children's Language and Literacy Skill Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Otitis media (OM) or middle ear infection is a common childhood illness and is most frequent during the crucial first 3 years of life when speech and language categories are being established, which could potentially have a long-term effect on language and literacy skill development. Aims: The purpose of the current study was to…

Winskel, Heather

2006-01-01

379

Correlations of conceptual development with motor skills for a Turkish sample of kindergarten children.  

PubMed

The purpose was to research the conceptual development and motor skills of 36 healthy children of kindergarten age (M age = 67.6 mo., SD = 3.6). 19 girls and 17 boys completed the Bracken Basic Concept Scale-Revised and the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-Short Form. PMID:17918574

Ayhan, Aynur Bütün; Aki, Esra; Aral, Neriman; Kayihan, Hülya

2007-08-01

380

Skills Development and Interfirm Learning Linkages under Globalization: Lessons from the Indian Automobile Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper empirically examines changes in the patterns of skills development for Indian workers in domestic firms, particularly in small firms, in the 1990s, when its economy became increasingly integrated into the global economy. A case study of 50 component suppliers of two leading auto assemblers in the Indian automobile industry reveals that dynamic industrial transformations in the 1990s significantly

Aya Okada

2004-01-01

381

Towards the Development of an Adaptive Communication Tool Promoting Cognitive and Communication Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work presented in this paper discusses the results of an initial qualitative experimental study towards the development of a communication tool with adaptive capabilities, which aims to facilitate group interaction, support the accomplishment of collaborative learning activities of different subject matters and promote the cultivation of cognitive and communication skills. The main objective of the experimental study was to

Evangelia Gouli; Agoritsa Gogoulou; Maria Grigoriadou; Maria Samarakou

2003-01-01

382

The Learner-Directed Classroom: Developing Creative Thinking Skills through Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators at all levels want their students to develop habits of self-directed learning and critical problem-solving skills that encourage ownership and growth. In "The Learner-Directed Classroom," practicing art educators (PreK-16) offer both a comprehensive framework for understanding student-directed learning and concrete pedagogical strategies…

Jaquith, Diane B., Ed.; Hathaway, Nan E., Ed.

2012-01-01

383

The Early Development of Sight-Reading Skills in Adulthood: A Study of Eye Movements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study the effects of skill development on the eye movements of beginning adult sight-readers were examined, focusing on changes in the allocation of visual attention within metrical units as well as in the processing of larger melodic intervals. The participants were future elementary school teachers, taking part in a 9-month-long music…

Penttinen, Marjaana; Huovinen, Erkki

2011-01-01

384

Basic Extension Skills Training (BEST): A Responsive Approach to Integrated Extension for Rural Development in Botswana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a rapidly changing society like Botswana, the competition for employment, training and progression on the job has become very high. The development of skills is therefore a crucial and integral part of nation building, which needs a direct link to a training programme to continuously help staff to cope with the different needs they meet in the…

Gboku, Matthew L. S.; Modise, Oitshepile M.

2008-01-01

385

Skills, transport and economic development: evidence from a rural area in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the impact of low population density and transport constraints on skills development and the take up of learning and training opportunities in a rural area of eastern England. It draws on analyses of secondary data sources, qualitative interviews and a focus group discussion with employers, trainers and other actors in the labour market, and a survey of

David Owen; Terence Hogarth; Anne E. Green

2012-01-01

386

Development of System Thinking Skills in the Context of Earth System Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study deals with the development of system thinking skills at the junior high school level. The sample population included about 50 eighth-grade students from two different classes of an urban Israeli junior high school who studied an earth systems-based curriculum that focused on the hydro cycle. The study addressed the following…

Assaraf, Orit Ben-Zvi; Orion, Nir

2005-01-01

387

The Role of Family in the Development of Social Skills in Children with Physical Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to identify the family characteristics that promote the development of social skills in children with physical disabilities. Parents and teachers completed a range of questionnaires in an Australia?wide study of 212 parents of children (5–12 years of age) with physical disabilities who attend mainstream schools. The relationships between parental attitudes, parental involvement, family relationships, teachers’ opinions, disability

Kellie S. Bennett; David A. Hay

2007-01-01

388

Parental Involvement in the Development of Children's Reading Skill: A Five-Year Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the findings of the final phase of a 5-year longitudinal study with 168 middle- and upper middle-class children in which the complex relations among early home literacy experiences, subsequent re- ceptive language and emergent literacy skills, and reading achievement were examined. Results showed that children's exposure to books was related to the development of vocabulary and listening

Monique Senechal; Jo-Anne LeFevre

2002-01-01

389

Towards a shared understanding of skill shortages: differing perceptions of training and development needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The question of how to develop human capabilities to meet current and future needs of organisations has become an important issue at national, organisational and individual levels. An essential ingredient is shared understanding of the skills and competences deemed necessary and\\/or desirable for current and future performance. Current indications in the UK are that this may not exist and that

Denise Skinner; Mark N. K. Saunders; Richard Beresford

2004-01-01

390

Assessing Life Skills in Young Working Adults--Part 1: The Development of an Alternative Instrument.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collage with pictorial and verbal stimuli to assess life skills of young workers was developed using a framework for alternative assessment and stimuli instruments. The instrument was evaluated using Bloom's taxonomy for the cognitive domain and Krathwohl et al.'s taxonomy for the affective domain. (Contains 16 references.) (SK)

van der Wal, Rachel Jacoba; van der Wal, Ruurd

2003-01-01

391

Referential skill or construct system development: Testing alternative explanations for role category questionnaire?based measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

While constructivists assert that RCQ?based indicators reflect differences in construct system development, this essay tests the claim that these indicators reflect variation in referential communication skill instead. Study one compared the constructivist claim that RCQ responses are spontaneous and natural with the contrasting claim that these responses are intentional and other?directed referential messages. After completing the RCQ participants answered questions

Stephen C. Hines

1995-01-01

392

Developing Student Critical Thinking Skills through Teaching Psychology: An Interview with Claudio S. Hutz.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an interview with Claudio S. Hutz, who is dean of Instituto de Psicologia at Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul in Porto Alegre, Brazil, where he has been teaching psychology since 1977. Discusses topics such as teaching psychology in Brazil and developing critical thinking skills. (CMK)

McCarthy-Tucker, Sherri

2001-01-01

393

Bridging Theory and Practice: Developing Lower-Level Skills in L2 Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Studies on L2 reading have provided extensive evidence for the significant contribution of lower-level processing skills in learning to read and the critical impact on the overall development of L2 reading of more accurate and fluent connections between three sub-lexical components: phonology, orthography and semantics. The broad consensus among…

Kato, Shigeo

2012-01-01

394

Views of sport science graduates regarding work skills developed at university  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been recent interest in how higher education might improve the employability of students, although there is little feedback from graduates about the value of university experiences to their working life. The aim of the study therefore was to investigate the views of graduates regarding the extent to which work skills had been developed while at university. A survey

Mike Sleap; Helen Reed

2006-01-01

395

Views of Sport Science Graduates Regarding Work Skills Developed at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There has been recent interest in how higher education might improve the employability of students, although there is little feedback from graduates about the value of university experiences to their working life. The aim of the study therefore was to investigate the views of graduates regarding the extent to which work skills had been developed

Sleap, Mike; Reed, Helen

2006-01-01

396

Effects of Two Instructional Approaches on Skill Development, Knowledge, and Game Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two instructional approaches that have been of interest in promoting sport have been the Sport Education Model (SEM) and the Traditional Style (TS) of teaching physical education. The purpose of this study was to investigate how SEM and TS would affect skill development, knowledge, and game performance for volleyball at the secondary level. A 2 × 3 (group × time)

Tony Pritchard; Andrew Hawkins; Robert Wiegand; Jonathan N. Metzler

2008-01-01

397

Basic Skills Certificate Development: A Report on State and National Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with representatives from nine states (Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Iowa, Ohio [Canton City Schools only], Oregon, Rhode Island, and West Virginia) and two nations (Australia and the United Kingdom) provided a context for the development of a certificate of basic or foundational skills as an indicator of an adult's…

By the Numbers, State College, PA.

398

Two Instructional Approaches to the Development of Aural and Instrumental Performance Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigates whether introduction of music reading activities during beginning instrumental music instruction impedes student's development of aural musicianship and instrumental performance skills because of the division of attention between aural and visual activities. Concludes that music reading activities do not adversely affect the…

Kendall, Michael J.

1988-01-01

399

Indexing Skills Developed by Learning Objects Based on Three Educational Taxonomies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning Objects (LOs) are the most important teaching constituent of training. Their index efficiently make reusable and thereafter profitable. In this article, we propose to supplement the standard LOM-fr by adding a sub-category indexing skills developed by LO based on three educational taxonomies. To adapt the standard LOM-fr of these requirements we propose to supplement other subcategories indexing.

Abderrahim Benbouna; Soufiane Baribi; Mohamed Eladnani; E. H. Abdelwahed

2009-01-01

400

Ghanaian Folk Songs: Training Ground for Music and Social Skill Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article considers Ghanaian folk songs as a training ground for music and social skill development. The U.S. is in cultural transition. Such changes have brought about reforms in educational policy including how teachers and school boards address ethnic diversity. The music of Africa is as diverse as its geography and its numerous ethnic…

Reynolds, Geoffrey

2005-01-01

401

Basic Extension Skills Training (BEST): A Responsive Approach to Integrated Extension for Rural Development in Botswana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a rapidly changing society like Botswana, the competition for employment, training and progression on the job has become very high. The development of skills is therefore a crucial and integral part of nation building, which needs a direct link to a training programme to continuously help staff to cope with the different needs they meet in the…

Gboku, Matthew L. S.; Modise, Oitshepile M.

2008-01-01

402

Technological and management skills development an imperative for economic growth: A South African perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ramifications of the global economic meltdown have exposed the economic vulnerability and the underlying structural flaws in the economy of many nations, and South Africa as a developing nation is certainly no exception to the rule. It is suggested in this paper that one such flaw is the skills paradox that exists, in that while the South Africa has

Siebert Benade

2010-01-01

403

Educational Games for Developing Critical Thinking Skills: Pre-Service English Language Teachers' Views  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to present an application of a sample lesson plan which aimed to develop critical thinking skills through educational games. The participants were 46 second year pre-service English Language teachers who were taking a course titled Advanced Reading and Writing II in the Faculty of Education. The lesson plan included a set…

Derya, Sahhuseyinoglu

2007-01-01

404

Improving the Communication Skills of IS Developers during Requirements Elicitation Using Experiential Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The improvement of communication skills among Information Systems (IS) developers can be considered as a strategy to mitigate the risk of project failure during IS design. This paper addresses issues on various communication barriers normally encountered during its requirements elicitation (RE) stage. This study aims to adopt experiential…

Qurban, Mustafa H.; Austria, Richmond D.

2009-01-01

405

Design and Implementation of Mapping Software: Developing Technology and Geography Skills in Two Different Learning Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A software development collaboration project designed to maximize the skill sets and interests of school children and teachers, educational software technologists and researchers, and college undergraduates is presented. The work brings elementary school children with college seniors and technology consultants to implement a problem-solving…

Friedman, Robert S.; Drakes, Jerri; Deek, Fadi P.

2002-01-01

406

The student practitioner : Developing skills through the marketing research consultancy project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the perceptions of a group of undergraduate students undertaking marketing research consultancy projects for employers. The projects are informed by action learning. The intention is to demonstrate that this method of learning facilitates a level of student skill development that more traditional marketing courses find difficult to achieve. Design\\/methodology\\/approach –

Barry Ardley; Nick Taylor

2010-01-01

407

Educational Games for Developing Critical Thinking Skills: Pre-Service English Language Teachers' Views  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this paper is to present an application of a sample lesson plan which aimed to develop critical thinking skills through educational games. The participants were 46 second year pre-service English Language teachers who were taking a course titled Advanced Reading and Writing II in the Faculty of Education. The lesson plan included a set…

Derya, Sahhuseyinoglu

2007-01-01

408

EFFECT OF VISUAL STRATEGIES ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNICATION SKILLS IN CHILDREN WITH AUTISM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty children with autism from special education schools in Mumbai, participated in the experimental research that aimed to document the effect of visual strategy training on development of communication skills and compare its effectiveness with existing classroom instructions. Objects, pictures, symbols and manual signs were used as visual tools. The treatment group received 14 one-to-one sessions. Each session focused on

Rubina Lal; Meeta Bali

409

The development of scientific thinking skills in elementary and middle school  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this article is to provide an integrative review of research that has been conducted on the development of children’s scientific reasoning. Broadly defined, scientific thinking includes the skills involved in inquiry, experimentation, evidence evaluation, and inference that are done in the service of conceptual change or scientific understanding. Therefore, the focus is on the thinking and reasoning

Corinne Zimmerman

2007-01-01

410

Accelerating the Early Numeracy Development of Kindergartners with Limited Working Memory Skills through Remedial Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Young children with limited working memory skills are a special interest group among all children that score below average on early numeracy tests. This study examines the effect of accelerating the early numeracy development of these children through remedial education, by comparing them with children with typically working memory…

Toll, Sylke W. M.; Van Luit, Johannes E. H.

2013-01-01

411

DEVELOPMENT OF FORAGING SKILLS AND THE TRANSITION TO INDEPENDENCE IN JUVENILE SAVANNAH SPARROWS  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the timing and pattern of the development of foraging skills in juvenile Savannah Sparrows (Passerculus sandwichensis ). Juveniles of known age, par- entage, and in some cases sex were mist netted and tested in an aviary on Kent Island, an isolated island in the Bay of Fundy, Canada. Captive birds were exposed to three standard- ized and ecologically

Nathaniel T. Wheelwright; Jennifer J. Templeton

2003-01-01

412

Challenging Behavior and Early Academic Skill Development: An Integrated Approach to Assessment and Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses an approach to assessment and intervention of challenging behavior in early education settings that integrates a focus on instructional conditions and early academic skill development. The authors suggest this approach allows for a better understanding of the relationship between social behavior and child performance with…

Hojnoski, Robin L.; Wood, Brenna K.

2012-01-01

413

Development and Testing of a Scale to Assess Interprofessional Education (IPE) Facilitation Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: Interprofessional education (IPE) is interactive and constructivist in nature and requires specific facilitation skills to engage participants in a unique body of content, interpersonal interaction, and learning from each other. This article describes the development and testing of a scale, the Interprofessional Facilitation Scale…

Sargeant, Joan; Hill, Tanya; Breau, Lynn

2010-01-01

414

Basic Skills Certificate Development: A Report on State and National Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Interviews with representatives from nine states (Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Iowa, Ohio [Canton City Schools only], Oregon, Rhode Island, and West Virginia) and two nations (Australia and the United Kingdom) provided a context for the development of a certificate of basic or foundational skills as an indicator of an adult's…

By the Numbers, State College, PA.

415

The Development of Working Memory from Kindergarten to First Grade in Children with Different Decoding Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the development of working memory ability (measured by tasks assessing all four working memory components) from the end of kindergarten to the end of first grade--the first year reading is taught in school--and the relationship between working memory abilities in kindergarten and first grade and reading skills in first…

Nevo, Einat; Breznitz, Zvia

2013-01-01

416

Family Forces for Preschool Development of Health, Vocabulary and Perceptual Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of parental attention in the facilitation of prereading skill development is examined in this paper. The first section presents a historical perspective on attitudes toward early childhood education, touching on the views of educators of past centuries and on recent trends in early childhood education in the United States. The…

Horodezky, Betty

417

Group supervision in graduate education: a process of supervision skill development and text improvement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an investigation of group supervision of the Master of Education thesis at the University of Bergen, Norway. Four recorded group supervision sessions are analysed. The group participants are five students and three supervisors. The sessions are analysed from a qualitative, phenomenological perspective. The results show that group supervision enables the development of supervision skills, has an impact

Akylina Samara

2006-01-01

418

A Critical Review of the National Skills Development Strategy in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an update on the Special Edition of the "Journal of Vocational Education and Training" 57, no. 3, 2005, which focused on the launch of the National Skills Development Strategy (NSDS) in South Africa. The analysis here evaluates the impact of the first phase of the NSDS, which ran between 1 April 2001 and 31 March 2005. The…

Kraak, Andre

2008-01-01

419

Transferable Skills Representations in a Portuguese College Sample: Gender, Age, Adaptability and Vocational Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The departing point of this study is the theoretical framework of "Making the Match project" (Evers and Rush in Management Learning 27:275-299, 1996) about how to develop a common language among stakeholders regarding transferable skills. Thus, the paper examines the impact of demographic variables (age and gender) and developmental dimensions…

Rocha, Magda

2012-01-01

420

The GRID[subscript C] Project: Developing Students' Thinking Skills in a Data-Rich Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of using renewable energy data, obtained from a comprehensive data acquisition system, on improving students' learning and developing their higher-order learning skills. This study used renewable energy data available through a data acquisition system installed and tested by the Green Research…

DeLuca, V. William; Lari, Nasim

2011-01-01

421

Improving Geometric and Trigonometric Knowledge and Skill for High School Mathematics Teachers: A Professional Development Partnership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the summer of 2009, a professional development partnership was established between the Peoria Public School District (PPSD), a local education agency (LEA), and Illinois State University (ISU) to improve geometric and trigonometric knowledge and skill for high school mathematics teachers as part of the Illinois Mathematics and Science…

Merrill, Chris; Devine, Kevin L.; Brown, Joshua W.; Brown, Ryan A.

2010-01-01

422

Design, Development, and Formative Evaluation of a USAREUR Life Coping Skills Training Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Doing It in Deutschland programs were developed to teach first term enlisted soldiers in USAREUR the knowledge and skills need to (1) use public transportation in Germany, (2) eat out on the economy, (3) use USAREUR community resources, (4) shop in Ge...

R. Dawson

1984-01-01

423

Developing Youth's Cultural and Social Skills through a Social-Virtual Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This study seeks to evaluate the application of a social-virtual curriculum delivered through in-classroom and web-based activities, aiming to develop youth's social-cultural skills, cultural competency and multicultural awareness. Specifically, the study evaluates the overall impact of the curriculum to the participating youth's…

Eteokleous, Nikleia

2011-01-01

424

The Relative Effectiveness of Academic and Practicum Training on Developing Behavior Modification Skills in Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is concerned with evaluating the Parent Training Program component of the Parent Training Technology System. The specific problem assessed was the relative influence of academic and practicum training on developing behavior modification skills in parents who work with their own psychotic and mentally retarded children. Three parents…

Watson, Luke S., Jr.

425

Using peer review as a vehicle for communication skill development and active learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a renewed interest in incorporating peer review activities into computer science courses in response to current interest in active learning and group projects. The peer review process models real world professional activities, provides students with the opportunity to learn how to deal with criticism and how to provide constructive criticism to others, and can develop team skills. Without

Karen Anewalt

2005-01-01

426

Beetles, Beechnuts, and Behavior: Using Nature-based Activities To Develop Social Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes an instructional method designed to increase opportunities for students to learn and practice appropriate social skills. The strategies for development and implementation of such structured programs of nature-based and animal-based activities are based in part on a pilot program in three urban elementary and middle schools.…

Henderson, Kelly

427

Developing public affairs counseling skills to support a public participation focus at Fernald  

SciTech Connect

To provide closer coordination between the Public Affairs Division and environmental restoration management and technical staff, the Fernald Environmental Restoration Management Corporation (FERMCO) matrixed Public Affairs staffers as counselors to project teams within FERMCO. Close coordination between technical staff and public affairs staff is essential for effective public communication in a public participation, environmental risk communication environment. Two-way symmetrical communication (public participation) represents a paradigm shift for public affairs staff who have developed skills primarily in a public information (asymmetrical communication) environment. While there has been much focus in the literature and workshops on management changes needed to support a public participation environment, less attention has been paid to identifying and developing the skills needed by public affairs professionals to support public participation. To support the new counseling role of public affairs staffers, FERMCO used a public affairs training consultant to design and deliver a workshop to initiate development of the skills needed for the public affairs counseling role. This paper describes FERMCO`s matrixed counseling program and the training to develop public affairs counseling skills for the public participation environment.

Hoopes, J. [Fernald Environmental Restoration Management Corp., Cincinnati, OH (United States)

1994-03-01

428

Skills Development in South Africa's Very Small and Micro Enterprise Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the state of skills development for smaller enterprises in South Africa through a consideration of two recent empirical studies of very small and micro enterprises (VSMEs--those with 2-10 employees). It provides new evidence about the complexity of the VSME sector and the mixed performance of state attempts to engage with it…

McGrath, Simon; Martins, Johan; Smith, Jocelyn; Cachalia, Fahmida; Kane, Kevin

2005-01-01

429

Intraregional migration of skilled manpower.  

PubMed

This is an analysis of the migration of skilled manpower among the countries of Latin America. "The author reviews its causes, possible implications, the characteristics of these flows of skilled migrants, and the relationship between what is to be observed in some countries and the official attitude adopted by their Governments. This examination suggests that the emigration of skilled human resources, regardless of their destination, is invariably a loss for developing countries owing to [migrants] high social value and economic cost." PMID:12318470

Martinez Pizarro, J

1993-08-01

430

Development of research paper writing skills of poultry science undergraduate students studying food microbiology.  

PubMed

Because food and poultry industries are demanding an improvement in written communication skills among graduates, research paper writing should be an integral part of a senior undergraduate class. However, scientific writing assignments are often treated as secondary to developing the technical skills of the students. Scientific research paper writing has been emphasized in an undergraduate course on advanced food microbiology taught in the Poultry Science Department at Texas A& M University (College Station, TX). Students' opinions suggest that research paper writing as part of a senior course in Poultry Science provides students with scientific communication skills and useful training for their career, but more emphasis on reading and understanding scientific literature may be required. PMID:16523638

Howard, Z R; Donalson, L M; Kim, W K; Li, X; Zabala Díaz, I; Landers, K L; Maciorowski, K G; Ricke, S C

2006-02-01

431

Investigation of Young Children's Social Skills Constructs Using Rasch Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social skills are important for developing successful relationships and promoting learning. This study investigated the existence of the interpersonal social skills and learning related social skills constructs exhibited by young children within early childhood envrionments. One hundred and seventeen Singaporean children, aged 3 to 6 years, were observed during free play and work-related tasks. Teachers completed two social skills rating

Sok Mui Lim; Sylvia Rodger; Ted Brown

2010-01-01

432

Development of an Instructional Information System Prototype for Use in the Teaching and Development of Nursing Diagnostic Skills  

PubMed Central

An interdisciplinary project was instituted in 1986 for the development and testing of an instructional system to be used in a nursing curriculum for teaching and developing the diagnostic skills of undergraduate nursing students. The system serves two major functions: to assist students in learning and becoming proficient in the diagnostic process and to assist educators in evaluating the students' learning.

Bloom, K. C.; Leitner, J. E.; Solano, J. L.

1988-01-01

433

General Education Skills Development: An Analysis of Students' General Educational Skills Development at College of DuPage Utilizing Four Rounds of CAAP Scores--Fall 1998, 1999 to Spring 1999, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report discusses students' general educational skills development and outcomes assessment at College of DuPage (COD)(Illinois). Since one goal of general education assessment was to provide a comparison to other institutions, selection from among three national standardized tests of general skills was undertaken rather than the development of…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

434

Using interactive simulations to enhance conceptual development and problem solving skills  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research during recent decades indicates that traditional didactic instruction is not producing the student learning that we desire. More importantly, research is helping in the development of new pedagogical strategies and curriculum that are improving student achievement. We describe one effort based on this research. The goals are to help students develop qualitative representations and imagery so that they can reason effectively without math about physical processes; learn to use the symbolic language of physics by linking it to other representations such as words, sketches, diagrams, and graphs; develop the skills needed to solve complex multipart problems; learn to learn; and develop the skills needed to work effectively in groups. Interactive multimedia plays an important role in this learning system.

van Heuvelen, Alan

1997-03-01

435

Cognitive Expertise, Emotional Development and Reflective Capacity: Clinical Skills for Improved Pain Care  

PubMed Central

The overarching goal of medical training is to nurture the growth of knowledgeable, caring and insightful clinicians guided by the ideals of medical professionalism. Recent definitions of professional competence identify essential clinical skills, including cognitive expertise, emotional competence, and reflective capacity. This modern framework reflects the increasingly complex nature of the patient-clinician interaction, in which the clinician must exchange diagnostic information while supportively engaging the patient on a deeper, affective level. The affective dimension can be particularly potent when pain is the primary symptom, as it is for the majority of medical visits. Unfortunately, however, current models of professionalism, used as an early guide for medical trainees to develop an understanding of the clinical exchange, largely focus on interactions in the cognitive domain. To emphasize the importance of emotions in professional development, we propose the Cognitive and Emotional Preparedness Model (CEPM), which describes the clinical encounter occurring on two channels, one cognitive and the other emotional, and stresses the importance of multidimensional development in preparing the clinician to 1) communicate clinical information, 2) provide emotional support, and 3) actively reflect on experiences for continued improvement. Together, acquisition of knowledge, emotional development, and reflective skill will improve the clinical interaction. Perspective The proficiency of medical trainees in developing clinical skills profoundly shapes patient satisfaction and treatment outcomes. This article reviews the cognitive, emotional and reflective development of medical trainees and presents a model illustrating how clinical development impacts pain care. For improved efficacy, pain education should be calibrated to students' developmental needs.

Murinson, Beth B.; Agarwal, Aakash K.; Haythornthwaite, Jennifer A.

2008-01-01

436

Developing Practical Skills for Quality Assurance and Metrology Applications in Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Quality control on the plant floor is practiced much differently than it is presented in the classroom with numerous opportunities for inaccurate data collection and unclear conclusions. Experienced quality professionals often find that newly hired graduates have difficulty with issues such as gaging, data interpretation, and conforming to a production and cost oriented environment. While many of these issues are a matter of experience, both industry professionals and the related literature indicate that applied quality concepts should be added to basic quality control curricula at the college level. Every effort should be made to strengthen students skills by combining theoretical knowledge with practical situations. Developing Practical Skills for Quality Assurance and Metrology Applications in Manufacturing investigates the practical skills needed by entry level personnel in the quality control environment. The procedure used to gain this information includes:1) In-depth conversations with industry professionals to identify needed skills and specific gaps in entry-level abilities; 2) Development and validation of a survey tool to determine practical industryrequirements of entry-level quality control personnel; 3) Administering the survey and drawing conclusions from the results. The paper ends with suggested classroom activities to give students experience in capability analysis, statistical process control, gage R&R, and process analysis.

Amos, Scott; Strong, Shawn; Callahan, Richards

2009-07-16

437

Teachers' support in using computers for developing students' listening and speaking skills in pre-sessional English courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many computer-assisted language learning (CALL) studies have found that teacher direction can help learners develop language skills at their own pace on computers. However, many teachers still do not know how to provide support for students to use computers to reinforce the development of their language skills. Hence, more examples of CALL activities need to be offered to language teachers

Bin Zou

2011-01-01

438

Teachers' Support in Using Computers for Developing Students' Listening and Speaking Skills in Pre-Sessional English Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many computer-assisted language learning (CALL) studies have found that teacher direction can help learners develop language skills at their own pace on computers. However, many teachers still do not know how to provide support for students to use computers to reinforce the development of their language skills. Hence, more examples of CALL…

Zou, Bin

2013-01-01

439

Developing Research Skills in Mathematics, Science and Technology Educators in Southern Africa: The Role of a Professional Organisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

An established professional organisation for researchers in mathematics, science and technology education (MSTE) in southern Africa initiated a program, Skills for Development, aimed at developing research skills for novice MSTE researchers in Mozambique, Swaziland and Zambia. Through case studies for each of these countries this paper seeks to identify relationships between aspects in the contexts of implementing MSTE research, and

Fred Lubben

2005-01-01

440

Human Resources Development and the Skills Crisis in South Africa: The Need for a Multi-Pronged Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a critique of the 'high skills' argument which, in the international literature, presents a high skill strategy as an adjunct and necessary condition for the successful expansion of human resources development (HRD) alongside social market institutions and 'joined up' policy. For a developing country such as South Africa,…

Kraak, Andre

2005-01-01

441

Adventure-Based Programming and Social Skill Development in the Lives of Diverse Youth: Perspectives from Two Research Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social skill development is emerging as an important issue for educators and practitioners in their work with adolescent youth. This presentation will use the results from two ongoing research projects to examine the relationship between adventure-based programming and social skill development in the lives of diverse youth. The first project is…

Shirilla, Paul

2009-01-01

442

Praxis skills in young children with Down syndrome, other developmental disabilities, and typically developing children.  

PubMed

This study explored whether young children with Down syndrome show praxis deficits that impact activities of daily living, and whether these deficits are specific to Down syndrome. We compared the performance of young children with Down syndrome, a mental age-matched group of children with developmental disabilities of mixed or unknown etiologies, and a group of typically developing infants and toddlers on praxis tasks and overall adaptive behavior (Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales). Children with Down syndrome showed poorer overall motor functioning than the developmental disabilities comparison group as measured by the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, F(2, 47) = 5.24, p < .01 (using one-way analysis of variance [ANOVA]). A one-way multivariate analysis of variance also showed that children with Down syndrome performed significantly worse overall than the developmental disabilities comparison group on a battery of praxis tasks, F(7, 18) = 2.95, p < .05, and a series of object retrieval tasks, F(7, 18) = 2.95, p < .05, suggesting a deficit in praxis that is specific to Down syndrome. Children with Down syndrome elicited significantly more help than both comparison groups during object retrieval trials, F(2, 48) = 4.94, p < .01 (using one-way ANOVA). When chronological age was partialled out, a strong relationship was observed between praxis and adaptive functioning in Down syndrome, r(8) = .69, p < .05. These findings suggest that young children with Down syndrome may need targeted interventions that focus on both praxis skills and motivational orientation. PMID:15830612

Fidler, Deborah J; Hepburn, Susan L; Mankin, Galit; Rogers, Sally J

443

Patterns of Skill Premia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I develop a model to analyze how skill premia differ over time and across countries, and use this model to study the impact of international trade on wage inequality. Skill premia are determined by technology and the relative supply of skills. An increase in the relative supply of skills, holding technology constant, reduces the skill premium. Among

Daron Acemoglu

1999-01-01

444

Development of students' critical thinking: the educators' ability to use questioning skills in the baccalaureate programmes in nursing in Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To enhance the Critical Thinking skills of educators associated with the nursing baccalaureate programmes in Pakistan. By focusing on the type and level of questions asked by the educators. METHODS: Ninety-one faculty members from 14 out of 17 schools participated in the study. Data on the faculty's questioning skills was obtained through classroom observations and field notes. The duration

Tanveer Saeed; Shehla Khan; Azra Ahmed; Raisa Gul; Shanaz Cassum; Yasmin Parpio

2012-01-01

445

The PHENC Project Final report: Interactive Video Analysis to Develop Learning and Assessment of University Students’ Practical and Communication Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective and authentic assessment of practical skills in tertiary settings is a challenge. The purpose of this project was to evaluate the usefulness of a video analysis software program as a teaching and\\/or assessment tool for practical and professional skills in five different undergraduate programs. Barnett’s (1989) model of ‘reflective thought through action’ highlights the importance of reflective observation

Beth P Hands; Helen Parker; Anne Coffey; Karen Clark-Burg; Annie Das; Pam Gerrard; Chris Hackett; Suzanne Jenkins; Jean MacNish; Donna Miller; Paul Rycroft; Christina van Staden; Kate Gilomen; Brad Flynn

2009-01-01

446

Development of Grammatical-Sensitivity, Phonological, and Short-Term Memory Skills in Normally Achieving and Learning Disabled Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of a variety of grammatical-sensitivity and phonological skills was studied in 138 normally achieving, 65 reading-disabled, 63 arithmetic-disabled, and 15 attention deficit disordered (hyperactive) children 7 to 14 years old. Word recognition and phonics skills were highly related, and reading comprehension and phonics skills were less so. Grammatical sensitivity and short-term memory were significantly correlated with a variety

Linda S. Siegel; Ellen B. Ryan

1988-01-01

447

Using an interdisciplinary partnership to develop nursing students' information literacy skills: an evaluation.  

PubMed

As learning paradigms shift to student-centred active learning, development of effective skills in locating and retrieving information using electronic sources is integral to promoting lifelong learning. Recency of information that is evidence based is a critical factor in a dynamic field such as health. A changing demographic is evident among nursing students with greater numbers of mature age students who may not possess the computer skills often assumed with school leavers, and whose study preference is mostly by external mode. Development of interdisciplinary partnerships between faculties and librarians can provide the attributes and innovation of new and improved ways to better support student learning, whether or not students attend on campus. The Health Online Tutorial, an online database searching tool developed through a collaborative, interdisciplinary partnership at Charles Darwin University is one such example. PMID:21854243

Turnbull, Bev; Royal, Bernadette; Purnell, Margaret

448

Locally Developed Oral Skills Evaluation in ESL/EFL Classrooms: A Checklist for Developing Meaningful Assessment Procedures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores how teachers, students, and other stakeholders collaboratively develop classroom-based assessment procedures for the evaluation of oral skills. By considering crucial issues in assessment such as validity, teacher-learner collaboration, and contextual factors, the authors provide a checklist that will help ESL/EFL teachers…

Ishii, David N.; Baba, Kyoko

2003-01-01

449

Development of virtual environments for training skills and reducing errors in laparoscopic surgery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In every surgical procedure there are key steps and skills that, if performed incorrectly, can lead to complications. In conjunction with efforts, based on task and error analysis, in the Videoscopic Training Center at UCSF to identify these key elements in laparoscopic surgical procedures, the authors are developing virtual environments and modeling methods to train the elements. Laparoscopic surgery is particularly demanding of the surgeon's spatial skills, requiring the ability to create 3D mental models and plans while viewing a 2D image. For example, operating a laparoscope with the objective lens angled from the scope axis is a skill that some surgeons have difficulty mastering, even after using the instrument in many procedures. Virtual environments are a promising medium for teaching spatial skills. A kinematically accurate model of an angled laparoscope in an environment of simple targets is being tested in courses for novice and experienced surgeons. Errors in surgery are often due to a misinterpretation of local anatomy compounded with inadequate procedural knowledge. Methods to avoid bile duct injuries in cholecystectomy are being integrated into a deformable environment consisting of the liver, gallbladder, and biliary tree. Novel deformable tissue modeling algorithms based on finite element methods will be used to improve the response of the anatomical models.

Tendick, Frank; Downes, Michael S.; Cavusoglu, Murat C.; Gantert, Walter A.; Way, Lawrence W.

1998-06-01

450

Clinical Research Careers: Reports from a NHLBI Pediatric Heart Network Clinical Research Skills Development Conference  

PubMed Central

Background Wyman W. Lai, MD, MPH, and Victoria L. Vetter, MD, MPH. The Pediatric Heart Network (PHN), funded under the U.S. National Institutes of Health-National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NIH–NHLBI), includes two Clinical Research Skills Development (CRSD) Cores, which were awarded to The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and to the Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York–Presbyterian. To provide information on how to develop a clinical research career to a larger number of potential young investigators in pediatric cardiology, the directors of these two CRSD Cores jointly organized a one-day seminar for fellows and junior faculty from all of the PHN Core sites. The participants included faculty members from the PHN and the NHLBI. The day-long seminar was held on April 29, 2009, at the NHLBI site, immediately preceding the PHN Steering Committee meeting in Bethesda, MD. Methods The goals of the seminar were 1) to provide fellows and early investigators with basic skills in clinical research 2) to provide a forum for discussion of important research career choices 3) to introduce attendees to each other and to established clinical researchers in pediatric cardiology, and 4) to publish a commentary on the future of clinical research in pediatric cardiology. Results The following chapters are compilations of the talks given at the 2009 PHN Clinical Research Skills Development Seminar, published to share the information provided with a broader audience of those interested in learning how to develop a clinical research career in pediatric cardiology. The discussions of types of clinical research, research skills, career development strategies, funding, and career management are applicable to research careers in other areas of clinical medicine as well. Conclusions The aim of this compilation is to stimulate those who might be interested in the research career options available to investigators.

Lai, Wyman W.; Richmond, Marc; Li, Jennifer S.; Saul, J. Philip; Mital, Seema; Colan, Steven D.; Newburger, Jane W.; Sleeper, Lynn A.; McCrindle, Brain W.; Minich, L. LuAnn; Goldmuntz, Elizabeth; Marino, Bradley S.; Williams, Ismee A.; Pearson, Gail D.; Evans, Frank; Scott, Jane D.; Cohen, Meryl S.

2013-01-01

451

Systems in Development: Motor Skill Acquisition Facilitates Three-Dimensional Object Completion  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do infants learn to perceive the backs of objects that they see only fro ma limited viewpoint? Infants' three-dimensional object completion abilities emerge in conjunction with developing motor skills— independent sitting and visual-manual exploration. Infants at 4.5 to 7.5 months (n = 28) were habituated t oa limited-view object and tested with volumetrically complete and incomplete (hollow) versions of

Kasey C. Soska; Karen E. Adolph; Scott P. Johnson

2009-01-01

452

Development of Teaching Skills and Relations to Theory of Mind in Preschoolers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this research were to examine the development of teaching skills in preschool children and to explore the relation between teaching and theory of mind (ToM). After learning a new board game, 3.5-, 4.5-, and 5.5-year-old children (N = 46) were asked to teach a confederate who "doesn't know how to play the game." They also received two…

Davis-Unger, Angela C.; Carlson, S. M.

2008-01-01

453

Predictors and Course of Daily Living Skills Development in Toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-sufficiency is central to child and family well-being. This report focuses on predictors of adaptive daily living skills\\u000a (DLS) development in young children with ASD and whether DLS gains predict decreases in parenting stress. Participants were\\u000a 162 toddlers with ASD and their parents, assessed at 3 annual timepoints. Hierarchical Linear Models showed that age, DQ,\\u000a and autism symptom severity uniquely

Shulamite A. Green; Alice S. Carter

454

Development of Teaching Skills and Relations to Theory of Mind in Preschoolers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of this research were to examine the development of teaching skills in preschool children and to explore the relation between teaching and theory of mind (ToM). After learning a new board game, 3.5-, 4.5-, and 5.5-year-old children (N = 46) were asked to teach a confederate who “doesn't know how to play the game.” They also received two

Angela C. Davis-Unger; S. M. Carlson

2008-01-01

455

Developing E-learning Skills Within English Language Training in the Slovak University of Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The contribution deals with some e-learning aspects of the language training provided by the Department of professional Language Training at the Faculty of Materials Science and Technology, Slovak University of Technology, Trnava, Slovakia. Within a four-semester English for Science and Technology course, soft skills essential for e-learning environment and techniques are being developed, such as flexibility, willingness to learn, self

Emília Mironovová; Gabriela Chmelíková; D. Fedic

2010-01-01

456

Development of a Classroom Authority Observation Rubric  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When student end-of-course ratings are not commensurate with instructor skill and effort, one possible reason may be that students question the instructor's authority. It is proposed here that such doubts about authority are reinforced by specific instructor behaviors. This pilot study attempts to identify these behaviors in the interest of…

Middendorf, Joan; McNary, Erin

2011-01-01

457

Assessing the Content and Quality of Commercially Available Reading Software Programs: Do They Have the Fundamental Structures to Promote the Development of Early Reading Skills in Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study developed a taxonomy of reading skills and compared this taxonomy with skills being trained in 30 commercially available software programs designed to teach emergent literacy or literacy-specific skills for children in preschool, kindergarten, and Grade 1. Outcomes suggest that, although some skills are being trained in a…

Grant, Amy; Wood, Eileen; Gottardo, Alexandra; Evans, Mary Ann; Phillips, Linda; Savage, Robert

2012-01-01

458

The Development of Students' Problem-Solving Skill from Instruction Emphasizing Qualitative Problem-Solving  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Success in introductory college physics requires students to acquire not only the content knowledge of physics, but also the skills to solve problems using this knowledge. At the University of Minnesota, attempts are being made to teach problem solving successfully. One such attempt has an instructor explicitly teaching a strategy that emphasizes the qualitative analysis of a problem before the manipulation of equations. This class provides a unique case for examining the development of problem-solving skills. This interpretive case study will examine the development of the problem solving ability of students in two college introductory physics courses where cooperative-group problem solving was used. In one class there was an explicit problem-solving strategy used. In the other class, no additional attempt was made to teach problem solving. In general, the students in the course who were taught an explicit problem-solving strategy tended to develop their skills faster, but did not score any higher than the students in the more traditionally taught course by the end of the year. However, the students in the explicit problem-solving course consistently performed better on the multiple choice concept tests given during the year.

Foster, Thomas M.

2007-01-01

459

The Development of Students' Probllem-Solving Skill from Instruction Emphasizing Qualitative Problem-Solving  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Success in introductory college physics requires students to acquire not only the content knowledge of physics, but also the skills to solve problems using this knowledge. At the University of Minnesota, attempts are being made to teach problem solving successfully. One such attempt has an instructor explicitly teaching a strategy that emphasizes the qualitative analysis of a problem before the manipulation of equations. This class provides a unique case for examining the development of problem-solving skills. This interpretive case study will examine the development of the problem solving ability of students in two college introductory physics courses where cooperative-group problem solving was used. In one class there was an explicit problem-solving strategy used. In the other class, no additional attempt was made to teach problem solving. In general, the students in the course who were taught an explicit problem-solving strategy tended to develop their skills faster, but did not score any higher than the students in the more traditionally taught course by the end of the year. However, the students in the explicit problem-solving course consistently performed better on the multiple choice concept tests given during the year.

Foster, Thomas

2011-03-03

460

The Cross-Lagged Relations between Children's Academic Skill Development, Task-Avoidance, and Parental Beliefs about Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study investigated the cross-lagged associations between children's academic skill development, task-avoidant behaviour in the context of homework, and parental beliefs about their child's success from kindergarten to Grade 2. The participants were 1267 children. The children's pre-skills were assessed at the end of the…

Magi, Katrin; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Rasku-Puttonen, Helena; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

2011-01-01

461

Social-Emotional Learning Skill, Self-Regulation, and Social Competence in Typically Developing and Clinic-Referred Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social-emotional learning (SEL) skill includes the ability to encode, interpret, and reason about social and emotional information. In two related studies, we examined the relationship between children's SEL skill, their ability to regulate their own behavior, and the competence of their social interactions. Study 1 included 158 typically developing children ages 4 to 14 years. Study 2 included 126 clinic-referred

Clark McKown; Laura M. Gumbiner; Nicole M. Russo; Meryl Lipton

2009-01-01

462

Evaluating Rehabilitation Caseload Management Skills through Computer Simulations [and] Development and Validation of a Computerized Caseload Management System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Part 1 of this two-part document reviews efforts to develop computer-based case management simulations for use in rehabilitation education. It examines both single-case management simulations which concentrate on clinical problem-solving skills required to serve a single client and multiple-case management simulations which focus on skills

Chan, Fong; Rosen, Andrew J.

463

The Development of an Assistive Robot as a Therapeutic Device to Enhance the Primal Imitation Skills of Autistic Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

We developed an assistive robot for children with autism in order to enhance their primal imitation skills. Our approach directed toward encouraging autistic children to engage in physical exercise during a morning gathering through imi- tating an embedded robotic system. Through these interac- tion scenarios we attempt to heighten the children's imita- tion skills through a music-embedded imitation interaction with

P. Ravindra; S. De Silva; Tohru Matsumoto; Azusa Saito; Stephen G. Lambacher; Masatake Higashi

464

Instructional Climates in Preschool Children Who Are At-Risk. Part I: Object-Control Skill Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Part I of this study examined the effect of two 9-week instructional climates (low autonomy [LA] and mastery motivational climate [MMC]) on object-control (OC) skill development in preschoolers (N = 117). Participants were randomly assigned to an LA, MMC, or comparison group. OC skills were assessed at pretest, posttest, and retention test with…

Robinson, Leah E.; Goodway, Jacqueline D.

2009-01-01

465

Bloom's Cognitive Domain Theory: A Basis for Developing Higher Levels of Critical Thinking Skills in Reconstructing a Professional Selling Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualifications of business college graduates are being criticized, and changes are being demanded. As one method of improving the quality of courses, the authors show how to reconstruct a sales course that develops and measures higher-level critical thinking skills. This article illustrates a Professional Selling course that builds progressively higher critical thinking skills with inputs based on Bloom's Taxonomy and

Maurice G. Clabaugh; Jessie L. Forbes; Jason P. Clabaugh

1995-01-01

466

The Development of Self Instructional Drill Materials to Facilitate the Growth of Score Reading Skills of Student Conductors. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Music score reading ability defined in this study as skill in the detection and identification of pitch and rhythmic errors, is a necessary requisite for teachers of instrumental music. In an effort to devise an instructional method for teaching score reading skill, self instructional programed drill materials were developed and the use of these…

Sidnell, Robert G.

467

How to develop a competency-based examination blueprint for longitudinal standardized patient clinical skills assessments.  

PubMed

Background: Objective Structured Clinical Exams (OSCEs) with standardized patients (SPs) are commonly used in medical education to assess learners' clinical skills. However, assessments are often discrete rather than intentionally developmentally sequenced. Aims: We developed an examination blueprint to optimize assessment and feedback to learners with purposeful sequence as a series of longitudinally integrated assessments based on performance milestones. Integrated and progressive clinical skills assessments offer several benefits: assessment of skill development over time, systematic identification of learning needs, data for individualized feedback and learning plans, and baseline reference points for reassessment. Methods: Using a competency-based medical education (CBME) framework, we translated pre-determined competency milestones for medical students' patient encounters into a four-year SP-based OSCE examination blueprint. Results: Initial evaluation of cases using the blueprint revealed opportunities to target less frequently assessed competencies and to align assessments with milestones for each year. Conclusions: The examination blueprint can guide ongoing SP-based OSCE case design. Future iterations of examination blueprints can incorporate lessons learnt from evaluation data and student feedback. PMID:23848440

Mookherjee, Somnath; Chang, Anna; Boscardin, Christy K; Hauer, Karen E

2013-07-12

468

Biotechnology Skills Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Here users will find an assortment of Bioscience/Agricultural Biotechnology Skills Standards. These should be useful for development of new programs as well as for comparisons with existing programs. The sections discussed are: Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing Skill Standards, Combined Bioscience/Agricultural Biotechnology Skill Standards, Agricultural Biotechnology Skill Standards, Bioscience Industry Skill Standards, National Association of Scientific Materials Managers, ACAP Austin Competency Analysis Profile - Biotechnology, Making Skill Standards Work, and Window on the Workplace.

2009-09-16

469

Teaching Strategies for Developing Students' Argumentation Skills About Socioscientific Issues in High School Genetics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An outcome of science education is that young people have the understandings and skills to participate in public debate and make informed decisions about science issues that influence their lives. Toulmin’s argumentation skills are emerging as an effective strategy to enhance the quality of evidence based decision making in science classrooms. In this case study, an Australian science teacher participated in a one-on-one professional learning session on argumentation before explicitly teaching argumentation skills to two year 10 classes studying genetics. Over two lessons, the teacher used whole class discussion and writing frames of two socioscientific issues to teach students about argumentation. An analysis of classroom observation field notes, audiotaped lesson transcripts, writing frames and student interviews indicate that four factors promoted student argumentation. The factors are: the role of the teacher in facilitating whole class discussion; the use of writing frames; the context of the socioscientific issue; and the role of the students. It is recommended that professional learning to promote student argumentation may need to be tailored to individual teachers and that extensive classroom based research is required to determine the impact of classroom factors on students’ argumentation.

Dawson, Vaille Maree; Venville, Grady

2010-03-01

470

Partnering for skill development: park and recreation agencies and university programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Park and recreation administrators indicated that the skills they desire in entry-level professionals were ‘soft skills’; not skills per se, but personality characteristics and traits that seem to reflect professionalism and the ability to meet challenges well. The desirable personality would have strong verbal and written communication skills, a people orientation, and be enthusiastic, patient, and fun. Some basic professional

Dorothy M. Chase; Barbara A. Masberg

2008-01-01

471

Feedback schedules for motor-skill learning: the similarities and differences between physical and observational practice.  

PubMed

In 2 experiments, the authors assessed different knowledge of results (KR) schedules for observational and physical practice. In Experiment 1, participants had to learn a sequence timing task under either a bandwidth (KR being delivered when participants’ performance was outside a predefined bandwidth or range) or yoked (same number of KRs provided as the bandwidth group) KR procedure. The results show that for both practice conditions the bandwidth KR schedule was more effective in promoting learning than the yoked schedule. During Experiment 2, a KR frequency was controlled (100% or 33% KR) and the data indicate that a reduced KR frequency only enhanced the learning of observers. Because a low KR frequency improves the sensory process controlling motor learning, the authors propose that action observation may be perceptual in nature. PMID:20862778

Badets, Arnaud; Blandin, Yannick

472

Teacher Observing Experiences: Deepening Teacher Professional Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Teacher Leaders in Research Based Science Education (TLRBSE) professional development program has been successfully running through the National Optical Astronomy Observatory for the past four years, providing training in research in the classroom, mentoring, and leadership. During the 2003-04 observing season, we have experimented with a new component of the program, Teacher Observing Experiences, in which teachers who have already received training through either the RBSE or TLRBSE programs in using professional telescopes at Kitt Peak, are invited back to Kitt Peak for an observing run with one or two of their students. The objectives of the program are to re-involve our teachers at a higher level in the program than originally designed to help build the TLRBSE community, to provide a professional research experience of a higher order that they had in the original program, and to involve a few of their best students in a hands-on observing experience. To participate in the program, teacher had to work with a small team of students to design an observing project, and then submit a proposal to a TLRBSE evaluation committee for competitive selection for observing time on one of three professional telescopes. The teams were provided help in preparing their proposals, including online support materials and telephone conferences with the astronomer in charge of each telescope. Once selected, the teacher/student teams came to Tucson, made their run (including the vagaries of weather faced by all astronomers), returned home with their data, and then provided us with their scientific reports and any TV or print news articles. In this talk, we will describe our first year's experiences: what worked and what didn't, and describe changes for the upcoming year.

Croft, S. K.; Walker, C. E.; Howell, S.; Pompea, S. M.

2004-12-01

473

Feedback Schedules for Motor-Skill Learning: The Similarities and Differences between Physical and Observational Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2 experiments, the authors assessed different knowledge of results (KR) schedules for observational and physical practice. In Experiment 1, participants had to learn a sequence timing task under either a bandwidth (KR being delivered when participants’ performance was outside a predefined bandwidth or range) or yoked (same number of KRs provided as the bandwidth group) KR procedure. The results

Arnaud Badets; Yannick Blandin

2010-01-01

474

Teaching Thinking Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

A course was developed to teach cognitive skills that apply to learning and intellectual performance independently of subject matter, stressing observation and classification, reasoning, critical use of language, problem solving, inventiveness, and decision making. With pretests and posttests, it was taught experimentally to over 400 Venezuelan seventh graders, whose classes were matched to those of a control group. Although evaluation

Richard J. Herrnstein; Raymond S. Nickerson; Margarita de Sanchez; John A. Swets

1986-01-01

475

How are scientific thinking skills best developed? Direct instruction vs. inquiry practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite its support and adoption by most major scientific and educational organizations, some researchers have questioned whether inquiry learning is indeed the best method for acquiring the skills of inquiry. Klahr and colleagues have investigated the development of the control of variables strategy, or controlled comparison (CC), and claim that a brief session of direct instruction, characterized by explicit training of CC, as opposed to allowing children to discover CC through inquiry learning, is sufficient for acquisition, maintenance, and transfer of this core aspect of inquiry. Kuhn and colleagues, however, argue that direct instruction may be insufficient for development of the metastrategic level of understanding necessary to adequately maintain and transfer inquiry skills. In the present study, I attempt to identify the intervention most effective in supporting acquisition, maintenance, and transfer of these skills. Three groups of students received either a direct instruction session followed by standard classroom instruction (DI-only), an introductory session (without direct instruction) followed by practice sessions only (PR-only), or a direct instruction session followed by practice sessions (DI+PR). Practice sessions involved the use of a computer-based inquiry task requiring students to investigate the effects of five potential causal variables on an outcome. The two practice groups worked with this program during 12 sessions over nine weeks. They worked with structurally identical software programs during five weekly maintenance sessions. During this time, the DI-only group received standard classroom instruction. All groups were assessed on familiar and unfamiliar computer-based inquiry tasks at the conclusion of intervention (immediate assessment) and maintenance sessions (delayed assessment). Students in the two practice groups demonstrated improvement in an integrative measure of inquiry skill (valid intent, valid strategy, valid inference, and valid explanation, in combination) as well as most component measures of this skill. Performance of the two practice groups was superior to that of the DI-only group. Direct instruction conferred no additional benefit to the group receiving both direct instruction and practice compared to the practice-only group. Examined over an extended time interval, the merits of brief direct instruction are thus brought into question.

Dean, David Worth, Jr.

476

Development of an Orthopaedic Surgical Skills Curriculum for Post-Graduate Year one Resident Learners - The University of Iowa Experience  

PubMed Central

Orthopaedic surgery requires a high degree of technical skill. Current orthopaedic surgical education is based largely on an apprenticeship model. In addition to mounting evidence of the value of simulation, recent mandated requirements will undoubtedly lead to increased emphasis on surgical skills and simulation training. The University of Iowa’s Department of Orthopaedic Surgery has created and implemented a month long surgical skills training program for PGY-1 residents. The goal of the program was to improve the basic surgical skills of six PGY-1 orthopaedic surgery residents and prepare them for future operative experiences. A modular curriculum was created by members of the orthopaedic faculty which encompassed basic skills felt to be important to the general orthopaedic surgeon. For each module multiple assessment techniques were utilized to provide constructive critique, identify errors and enhance the performance intensity of trainees. Based on feedback and debriefing surveys, the resident trainees were unanimously satisfied with the content of the surgical skills month, and felt it should remain a permanent part of our educational program. This manuscript will describe the development of the curriculum, the execution of the actual skills sessions and analysis of feedback from the residents and share valuable lessons learned and insights for future skills programs.

Karam, Matthew D; Westerlind, Brian; Anderson, Donald D; Marsh, J. Lawrence

2013-01-01

477

Using "Household Chemistry Projects" To Develop Research Skills and To Teach Scientific Writing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Students in a junior-level Chemistry library resources and scientific writing course were assigned semester-long "Household Chemistry Projects." Students were asked to independently develop written proposals for research they could do at their homes using ordinary household supplies. Upon approval of their proposals, students performed the research and wrote up in their results in standard journal format. The final drafts were subjected to peer review, and published in a class journal. Through feedback and rewriting, students not only improved their scientific writing skills, but also learned about designing, conducting, and criticizing research.

Schmidt, Michael H.

1997-04-01

478

Acquisition of cognitive skill  

Microsoft Academic Search

A framework for skill acquisition is proposed that includes two major stages in the development of a cognitive skill: a declarative stage in which facts about the skill domain are interpreted and a procedural stage in which the domain knowl- edge is directly embodied in procedures for performing the skill. This general framework has been instantiated in the ACT system

John R. Anderson

1982-01-01

479

Systematic development of a communication skills training course for physicians performing work disability assessments: from evidence to practice  

PubMed Central

Background Physicians require specific communication skills, because the face-to-face contact with their patients is an important source of information. Although physicians who perform work disability assessments attend some communication-related training courses during their professional education, no specialised and evidence-based communication skills training course is available for them. Therefore, the objectives of this study were: 1) to systematically develop a training course aimed at improving the communication skills of physicians during work disability assessment interviews with disability claimants, and 2) to plan an evaluation of the training course. Methods A physician-tailored communication skills training course was developed, according to the six steps of the Intervention Mapping protocol. Data were collected from questionnaire studies among physicians and claimants, a focus group study among physicians, a systematic review of the literature, and meetings with various experts. Determinants and performance objectives were formulated. A concept version of the training course was discussed with several experts before the final training course programme was established. The evaluation plan was developed by consulting experts, social insurance physicians, researchers, and policy-makers, and discussing with them the options for evaluation. Results A two-day post-graduate communication skills training course was developed, aimed at improving professional communication during work disability assessment interviews. Special focus was on active teaching strategies, such as practising the skills in role-play. An adoption and implementation plan was formulated, in which the infrastructure of the educational department of the institute that employs the physicians was utilised. Improvement in the skills and knowledge of the physicians who will participate in the training course will be evaluated in a randomised controlled trial. Conclusions The feasibility and practical relevance of the communication skills training course that was developed seem promising. Such a course may be relevant for physicians in many countries who perform work disability assessments. The development of the first training course of this type represents an important advancement in this field.

2011-01-01

480

Observations of the Crab Nebula's Asymmetrical Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the first Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Planetary Camera-2 imaging survey of the entire Crab Nebula, in the filters F502N ([O III] emission), F673N ([S II]), F631N ([O I]), and F547M (continuum). We use our mosaics to characterize the pulsar wind nebula (PWN) and its three-dimensional structure, the ionizational structure in the filaments forming at its periphery, the speed of the shock driven by the PWN into surrounding ejecta (by inferring the cooling rates behind the shock), and the morphology and ionizational structure of the Rayleigh-Taylor (R-T) fingers. We quantify a number of asymmetries between the northwest (NW) and southeast (SE) quadrants of the Crab Nebula. The lack of observed filaments in the NW, and our observations of the spatial extent of [O III] emission lead us to conclude that cooling rates are slower, and therefore the shock speeds are greater, in the NW quadrant of the nebula, compared with the SE. We conclude that R-T fingers are longer, more ionizationally stratified, and apparently more massive in the NW than in the SE, and the R-T instability appears more fully developed in the NW.

Loll, A. M.; Desch, S. J.; Scowen, P. A.; Foy, J. P.

2013-03-01

481

Malaria drug resistance: new observations and developments  

PubMed Central

Drug-resistant micro-organisms became widespread in the 20th Century, often with devastating consequences, in response to widespread use of natural and synthetic drugs against infectious diseases. Antimalarial resistance provides one of the earliest examples, following the introduction of new medicines that filled important needs for prophylaxis and treatment around the globe. In the present chapter, we offer a brief synopsis of major antimalarial developments from two natural remedies, the qinghaosu and cinchona bark infusions, and of synthetic drugs inspired by the active components of these remedies. We review some contributions that early efficacy studies of antimalarial treatment brought to clinical pharmacology, including convincing documentation of atebrine-resistant malaria in the 1940s, prior to the launching of what soon became first-choice antimalarials, chloroquine and amodiaquine. Finally, we discuss some new observations on the molecular genetics of drug resistance, including delayed parasite clearances that have been increasingly observed in response to artemisinin derivatives in regions of South-East Asia.

Sa, Juliana M.; Chong, Jason L.; Wellems, Thomas E.

2012-01-01

482

Cutoffs for the Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with Youngsters-II (MESSY-II) for typically developing children and for children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The acquisition of social skills is an essential part of childhood and adolescent development. Due to its critical nature, assessment of appropriate and inappropriate social skills is necessary in order to determine whether or not deficits or excesses exist, thereby guiding treatment. The Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with Youngsters (MESSY) was developed for this purpose, and it has recently

Johnny L. Matson; Alison M. Kozlowski; Daniene Neal; Julie A. Worley; Jill Fodstad

2011-01-01

483

The Production and Evaluation of Film Material to Assess the Interpersonal Communication Skills of Medical Students. Research and Development Paper No. 53.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The test described was developed to help assess the interpersonal communication skills of medical students in an introductory clinical studies course at the University of New South Wales designed to improve these skills. The stimulus materials consist of ...

M. Pearson

1979-01-01

484

Association of Observed Family Relationship Quality and Problem-Solving Skills with Treatment Adherence in Older Children and Adolescents with Cystic Fibrosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To examine associations between observations of the quality of family relationships and problem-solving skills and reported adherence to medical treatments for older children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF). Methods Reports of adherence were obtained from 96 youth with CF and their parents recruited from six CF centers in the Midwest and southeastern United States. Videotaped observations of family

Kirsten E. DeLambo; Carolyn E. Ievers-Landis; Dennis Drotar; Alexandra L. Quittner

2004-01-01

485

Word-learning skills of deaf preschoolers: the development of novel mapping and rapid word-learning strategies.  

PubMed

Word-learning skills of 19 deaf/hard-of-hearing preschoolers were assessed by observing their ability to learn new words in two contexts. The first context required the use of a novel mapping strategy (i.e., making the inference that a novel word refers to a novel object) to learn the new words. The second context assessed the ability to learn new words after minimal exposure when reference was explicitly established. The children displayed three levels of word-learning skills. Eleven children learned words in both contexts. Five were able to learn new words rapidly only when reference was explicitly established. Two children did not learn new words rapidly in either context. The latter seven children were followed longitudinally. All children eventually acquired the ability to learn new words in both contexts. The deaf children's word-learning abilities were related to the size of their vocabularies. The present study suggests that word-learning strategies are acquired even when children are severely delayed in their language development and they learn language in an atypical environment. PMID:11194257

Lederberg, A R; Prezbindowski, A K; Spencer, P E

486

Early literacy and early numeracy: the value of including early literacy skills in the prediction of numeracy development.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine whether early literacy skills uniquely predict early numeracy skills development. During the first year of the study, 69 3- to 5-year-old preschoolers were assessed on the Preschool Early Numeracy Skills (PENS) test and the Test of Preschool Early Literacy Skills (TOPEL). Participants were assessed again a year later on the PENS test and on the Applied Problems and Calculation subtests of the Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Achievement. Three mixed effect regressions were conducted using Time 2 PENS, Applied Problems, and Calculation as the dependent variables. Print Knowledge and Vocabulary accounted for unique variance in the prediction of Time 2 numeracy scores. Phonological Awareness did not uniquely predict any of the mathematics domains. The findings of this study identify an important link between early literacy and early numeracy development. PMID:21831396

Purpura, David J; Hume, Laura E; Sims, Darcey M; Lonigan, Christopher J

2011-08-09

487

Improving Preschoolers' Language and Literacy Skills through Web-Mediated Professional Development.  

PubMed

MyTeachingPartner (MTP) is a web-mediated approach that provides ongoing support for teachers to improve the quality of their interactions with children. This study examined the effects of MTP on the preschool language and literacy development of children who are at risk for later academic difficulties. Results of this randomized controlled trial indicated that for English-only classrooms, teachers receiving a high level of support had students who made greater gains in language and literacy skills than teachers who only received access to a curricular supplement. Three implications are drawn from these findings: (1) on-going, video-based consultation holds promise not only for altering teacher-child interactions, but also improving children's learning, (2) technology allows teachers to receive intensive, effective support from a distance, and (3) there is still much to be learned about how professional development can support effective teaching of language and literacy skills to children whose home language is not English. PMID:23105917

Cabell, Sonia Q; Downer, Jason T

2011-10-25

488

Less is more: density influences the development of behavioural life skills in trout  

PubMed Central

Theory suggests that habitat structure and population density profoundly influence the phenotypic development of animals. Here, we predicted that reduced rearing density and increased structural complexity promote food search ability, anti-predator response and the ability to forage on novel prey, all behavioural skills important for surviving in the wild. Brown trout were reared at three densities (conventional hatchery density, a fourth of conventional hatchery density and natural density) in tanks with or without structure. Treatment effects on behaviour were studied on trout fry and parr, whereupon 20 trout from each of the six treatment groups were released in an enclosed natural stream and recaptured after 36 days. Fry reared at natural density were faster to find prey in a maze. Moreover, parr reared at natural density were faster to eat novel prey, and showed more efficient anti-predator behaviour than fish reared at higher densities. Furthermore, parr reared at reduced densities were twice as likely to survive in the stream as trout reared at high density. In contrast, we found no clear treatment effects of structure. These novel results suggest that reduced rearing densities can facilitate the development of behavioural life skills in captive animals, thereby increasing their contribution to natural production.

Brockmark, S.; Adriaenssens, B.; Johnsson, J. I.

2010-01-01

489

Assessing the Need for the Development of Standardized Life Skills Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Youth practitioners often select life skills as intentionally targeted program outcomes. While research findings suggest the efficacy of program experiences to positively influence a variety of life skills, it remains difficult to compare these findings due to measurement incongruities. Individual life skills (e.g., leadership, decision making,…

Duerden, Mat D.; Witt, Peter A.

2011-01-01

490

An Approximation of an Instructional Model for Developing Home Living Skills in Severely Handicapped Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author discusses the need for severely handicapped students to acquire basic home living skills, reviews task analysis principles, and provides sample instructional programs. Listed are basic grooming, dressing, domestic maintenance, and cooking skills. A sample task analysis procedure is demonstrated for the skill of brushing teeth. Reported…

Hamre, S.

491

Health Promotion Using Life Skills Education Approach for Adolescents in Schools--Development of a Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Life Skills Education (LSE) is a novel promotional program that teaches generic life skills through participatory learning methods of games, debates, role-plays, and group discussion. Conceptual understanding and practicing of the skills occurs through experiential learning in a non-threatening setting. Such initiatives provide the adolescent…

Bharath, Srikala; Kumar, K. V. Kishore

2008-01-01

492

The development and evaluation of a multisystem social skills group training program for aggressive children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research program assessed the effectiveness of a broad-based skills training program that targeted children's aggressive behaviors within the family, school, and peer systems. Children in Grades 1 to 6, referred by teachers, participated in 12 to 15 weeks of social skills training. Nine basic skills were targeted: listening, knowing your feelings, dealing with anger, using self control, joining in

Debra J. Pepler; Gillian King; Wendy Craig; Bill Byrd; Linda Bream

1995-01-01

493

A protocol for evaluating progressive levels of simulation fidelity in the development of technical skills, integrated performance and woman centred clinical assessment skills in undergraduate midwifery students  

PubMed Central

Background Simulation as a pedagogical approach has been used in health professional education to address the need to safely develop effective clinical skills prior to undertaking clinical practice. However, evidence for the use of simulation in midwifery is largely anecdotal, and research evaluating the effectiveness of different levels of simulation fidelity are lacking. Woman centred care is a core premise of the midwifery profession and describes the behaviours of an individual midwife who demonstrates safe and effective care of the individual woman. Woman centred care occurs when the midwife modifies the care to ensure the needs of each individual woman are respected and addressed. However, a review of the literature demonstrates an absence of a valid and reliable tool to measure the development of woman centred care behaviours. This study aims to determine which level of fidelity in simulated learning experiences provides the most effective learning outcomes in the development of woman centred clinical assessment behaviors and skills in student midwives. Methods/Design Three-arm, randomised, intervention trial. In this research we plan to: a) trial three levels of simulation fidelity - low, medium and progressive, on student midwives performing the procedure of vaginal examination; b) measure clinical assessment skills using the Global Rating Scale (GRS) and Integrated Procedural Performance Instrument (IPPI); and c) pilot the newly developed Woman Centred Care Scale (WCCS) to measure clinical behaviors related to Woman-Centredness. Discussion This project aims to enhance knowledge in relation to the appropriate levels of fidelity in simulation that yield the best educational outcomes for the development of woman centred clinical assessment in student midwives. The outcomes of this project may contribute to improved woman centred clinical assessment for student midwives, and more broadly influence decision making regarding education resource allocation for maternity simulation.

2013-01-01

494

Development of marine observation satellite in Japan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An outline of Japan's Marine Observation Satellite-1 (MOS-1), to be launched by an N-II vehicle in 1986, is presented. Satellite mission objectives are to collect ground data, and to develop remote sensing technology. MOS-1 nominal orbit is sun-synchronous at a 909 km altitude and an inclination of 99.1 deg, and the satellite will include three sensors: (1) a multispectral electronic self-scanning radiometer (2) a visible and thermal infrared radiometer, and (3) a microwave scanning radiometer. MOS-1 height is about 300 cm, length is approximately 150 cm, width is approximately 140 cm, and total weight is nearly 750 kg. In addition, ground segment systems are the tracking and control system, the operation control system (the main feature), and the data acquisition and distribution system. The data acquisition system will be installed about 50 km northwest of Tokyo, and the next MOS-1 is being considered, examining the usefulness of ocean phenomena satellite measurements.

Matsumoto, K.; Niwa, S.; Doura, T.; Yamamoto, S.

1982-09-01

495

Further development of the EUMETNET Composite Observing System (EUCOS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

EUCOS, which stands for EUMETNET Composite Observing System, is a EUMETNET programme whose main objective is a central management of surface based operational observations on a European-wide scale serving the needs of regional scale NWP. EUMETNET is a consortium of currently 26 national meteorological services in Europe that provides a framework for different operational and developmental co-operative programmes between the services. The work content of the EUCOS Programme includes the management of the operational observing networks, through the E-AMDAR, E-ASAP, E-SURFMAR and E-WINPROF programmes. The coordination of NMSs owned territorial networks (e.g. radiosonde stations and synoptic stations), data quality monitoring, fault reporting and recovery, a studies programme for the evolution of the observing networks and liaison with other organisations like WMO are among the tasks of the programme. The current period of the EUCOS programme has a five year duration (2007-2011) and a two stage approach was proposed in the programme definition. During the transition phase 2007-2008 no new programmatic objectives had been set because amongst others the Space-Terrestrial (S-T) study which investigated the relative contributions of selected space based and ground based observing systems to the forecast skill of global and regional NWP models had to be finalised first. Based on the findings of this study EUCOS currently prepares a redesign of its upper-air network. The original EUCOS upper-air network design was prepared in 2000 in order to define a set of stations serving the common general NWP requirement. Additional considerations were to make it possible to supply a common set of performance standards across the territory of EUMETNET Members and to ensure that the radiosonde network interleaved with AMDAR airports. The EUCOS upper-air network now requires a redesign because of several reasons. There is a need to take into account the significant evolution of the AMDAR network. Member states were not able to install the proposed EUCOS radiosonde network design with 4 ascents per day at most of the sites. The results from the S-T study are available with recommendations for the network design. Data assimilation of NWP models has improved significantly with advanced capability to make use of high time resolution data. The guidelines for the redesign of the EUCOS upper-air network will be derived from a study which is currently organised by EUCOS and conducted by ECMWF and several national Met. services. They contribute by running OSEs for different observation network setups with their model suites. The S-T study has shown that despite of all the additional new satellite observations, the degrading of the current terrestrial observing system to a basic (GUAN+GSN) network would have a significant negative impact on the forecast skill. The expected result from the envisaged OSEs is to find an optimum setting of upper-air measurements in space and time which maintains forecast skill. Throughout the second phase of the programme (2009-2011) the revised EUCOS design will be implemented. In the field of observation targeting EUCOS supported the PREVIEW Data Targeting (DTS) project. The main goal of this project was to develop and to assess the feasibility of an operational adaptive control of the operational observing system. The DTS project was lead by Met Office and co-funded by EUCOS and the European Commission (within the PREVIEW project). The main software, an interactive web-based tool, was developed by ECMWF and ran on their computer system during the trial phase which lasted from February until December 2008. During the trial the focus was on improving short range (1-3 days) forecasts of potentially high-impact and/or high-uncertainty weather events in Europe. Forecasters from all EUMETNET members had had the chance to submit sensitive area prediction requests on a daily basis. Afterwards the DTS displayed the sensitive areas calculated by ECMWF, Météo-France and Met Office and the lead user (an experienced forecaster) coul

Klink, S.; Dibbern, J.

2009-09-01

496

Is problem-based learning an ideal format for developing ethical decision skills?  

PubMed

Ethical decision making is a complex process, which involves the interaction of knowledge, skills, and attitude. To enhance the teaching and learning on ethics reasoning, multiple teaching strategies have to be applied. A medical ethical reasoning (MER) model served as a framework of the development of ethics reasoning and their suggested instructional strategies. Problem-based learning (PBL), being used to facilitate students' critical thinking, self-directed learning, collaboration, and communication skills, has been considered effective on ethics education, especially when incorporated with experiential experience. Unlike lecturing that mainly disseminates knowledge and activates the left brain, PBL encourages "whole-brain" learning. However, PBL has several disadvantages, such as its inefficiency, lack of adequately trained preceptors, and the in-depth, silo learning within a relatively small number of cases. Because each school tends to utilize PBL in different ways, either the curriculum designer or the learning strategy, it is important to maximize the advantages of a PBL session, PBL then becomes an ideal format for refining students' ethical decisions and behaviors. PMID:24099106

Harasym, Peter H; Tsai, Tsuen-Chiuan; Munshi, Fadi M

2013-06-25

497

The Nature and Impact of Changes in Home Learning Environment on Development of Language and Academic Skills in Preschool Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we examined changes in the early home learning environment as children approached school entry and whether these changes predicted the development of children's language and academic skills. Findings from a national sample of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 1,018) revealed an overall improvement

Seung-Hee Son; Frederick J. Morrison

2010-01-01

498

Cutoffs for the Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with Youngsters-II (MESSY-II) for Typically Developing Children and for Children Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The acquisition of social skills is an essential part of childhood and adolescent development. Due to its critical nature, assessment of appropriate and inappropriate social skills is necessary in order to determine whether or not deficits or excesses exist, thereby guiding treatment. The "Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with Youngsters"…

Matson, Johnny L.; Kozlowski, Alison M.; Neal, Daniene; Worley, Julie A.; Fodstad, Jill

2011-01-01

499

Do informal musical activities shape auditory skill development in preschool-age children?  

PubMed Central

The influence of formal musical training on auditory cognition has been well established. For the majority of children, however, musical experience does not primarily consist of adult-guided training on a musical instrument. Instead, young children mostly engage in everyday musical activities such as singing and musical play. Here, we review recent electrophysiological and behavioral studies carried out in our laboratory and elsewhere which have begun to map how developing auditory skills are shaped by such informal musical activities both at home and in playschool-type settings. Although more research is still needed, the evidence emerging from these studies suggests that, in addition to formal musical training, informal musical activities can also influence the maturation of auditory discrimination and attention in preschool-aged children.

Putkinen, Vesa; Saarikivi, Katri; Tervaniemi, Mari

2013-01-01

500

Longitudinal Stability of Reading-Related Skills and their Prediction of Reading Development  

PubMed Central

Individual differences in word recognition, spelling, and reading comprehension for 324 children at a mean age of 16 were predicted from their reading-related skills (phoneme awareness, phonological decoding, rapid naming and IQ) at a mean age of 10 years, after controlling the predictors for the autoregressive effects of the correlated reading skills. There were significant and longitudinally stable individual differences for all four reading-related skills that were independent from each of the reading and spelling skills. Yet the only significant longitudinal prediction of reading skills was from IQ at mean age 10 for reading comprehension at mean age 16. The extremely high longitudinal latent-trait stability correlations for individual differences in word recognition (.98) and spelling (.95) left little independent outcome variance that could be predicted by the reading-related skills. We discuss the practical and theoretical importance of these results and why they differ from studies of younger children.

Hulslander, Jacqueline; Olson, Richard K.; Willcutt, Erik G.; Wadsworth, Sally J.

2009-01-01