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1

Developing Observational Skills and Knowledge of Anatomical Relationships in an Art and Anatomy Workshop Using Plastinated Specimens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the strong trends in medical education today is the integration of the humanities into the basic medical curriculum. The anatomy program is an obvious choice for using the humanities to develop professionalism and ethical values. They can also be used to develop close observational skills. Many medical schools have developed formal art…

Moore, Charleen M.; Lowe, Constance; Lawrence, Jane; Borchers, Penelope

2011-01-01

2

School Leadership Skill Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between what is currently understood about skills for school leadership and the need for a greater understanding of those skills. The importance of developing leadership skills to improve school performance and effectiveness is great. In the field of school leadership, most leaders…

Weigel, Richard A.

2013-01-01

3

Essential Communication and Documentation Skills. Module: Observation Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is the second of 10 in the Essential Communication and Documentation Skills curriculum. It develops observation, a workplace literacy skill identified as being directly related to the job of the direct care worker. The curriculum is designed to improve the competence of New York State Division for Youth (DFY) direct care staff using…

Medina, Muriel; And Others

4

Developing Leadership Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principals often think of professional development in terms of activities--attending a workshop, networking with colleagues at a conference, reading a professional article or book, and so on. Although these are all good things in and of themselves, genuine professional growth does not occur until knowledge and skills are put into practice at the…

Kinney, Patti

2008-01-01

5

Developing Geoscience Students' Quantitative Skills  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sophisticated quantitative skills are an essential tool for the professional geoscientist. While students learn many of these sophisticated skills in graduate school, it is increasingly important that they have a strong grounding in quantitative geoscience as undergraduates. Faculty have developed many strong approaches to teaching these skills in a wide variety of geoscience courses. A workshop in June 2005 brought together eight faculty teaching surface processes and climate change to discuss and refine activities they use and to publish them on the Teaching Quantitative Skills in the Geosciences website (serc.Carleton.edu/quantskills) for broader use. Workshop participants in consultation with two mathematics faculty who have expertise in math education developed six review criteria to guide discussion: 1) Are the quantitative and geologic goals central and important? (e.g. problem solving, mastery of important skill, modeling, relating theory to observation); 2) Does the activity lead to better problem solving? 3) Are the quantitative skills integrated with geoscience concepts in a way that makes sense for the learning environment and supports learning both quantitative skills and geoscience? 4) Does the methodology support learning? (e.g. motivate and engage students; use multiple representations, incorporate reflection, discussion and synthesis) 5) Are the materials complete and helpful to students? 6) How well has the activity worked when used? Workshop participants found that reviewing each others activities was very productive because they thought about new ways to teach and the experience of reviewing helped them think about their own activity from a different point of view. The review criteria focused their thinking about the activity and would be equally helpful in the design of a new activity. We invite a broad international discussion of the criteria(serc.Carleton.edu/quantskills/workshop05/review.html).The Teaching activities can be found on the Teaching Quantitative Skills in the Geosciences website (serc.Carleton.edu/quantskills/). In addition to the teaching activity collection (85 activites), this site contains a variety of resources to assist faculty with the methods they use to teach quantitative skills at both the introductory and advanced levels; information about broader efforts in quantitative literacy involving other science disciplines, and a special section of resources for students who are struggling with their quantitative skills. The site is part of the Digital Library for Earth Science Education and has been developed by geoscience faculty in collaboration with mathematicians and mathematics educators with funding from the National Science Foundation.

Manduca, C. A.; Hancock, G. S.

2005-12-01

6

Using Field Lab Write-ups to Develop Observational and Critical Thinking Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These assignments are adaptations of field labs to incorporate writing. For each field lab, students write a partial geologic report, consisting of a description (or "Structural Data") section, an interpretation section, and appropriate supporting figures (potentially including stereonets, field sketches, maps, cross-sections, etc.). Handouts given at the beginning of lab list: the goals to be accomplished in the field (measurement of foliations and lineations, measurement of bedding around a fold, description of structures, field sketches, etc.), the figures expected in the write-up (stereonets, field sketches, etc.), a list of information to include in the description section, and a list of questions to address in the interpretation section. Depending on the field area, students may be given two or more competing models to test in the field or may be asked to relate descriptive analysis to kinematic or mechanical analysis. This adaptation can be used for field labs at all levels, from labs designed to review field techniques and identify basic types of secondary structures to labs that simulate research experience. This type of write-up improves student writing by giving students practice using terminology and describing spatial relationships, and improves critical thinking skills by requiring written interpretation of structural data.

Kim Hannula

7

Look at That!: Using Madagascar Hissing Cockroaches to Develop and Enhance the Scientific Inquiry Skill of Observation in Middle School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle school students can develop and enhance their observation skills by participating in teacher-guided scientific inquiry (NRC 1996) activities where they observe animals that tend to act in known, predictable ways. Madagascar hissing cockroaches ("Gromphadorhina portentosa") are one such animal. This article presents beginning, intermediate,…

Wagler, Ron

2011-01-01

8

A Change in Seasons: Increasing Student Observation Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ability to accurately observe and notice small details is a skill important to scientists. To help students develop this skill, have them record and share observations, successively focusing in on smaller, more precise details. When students observe changes in the seasons, they can extend their science knowledge by carefully noting changes in color, shape, and patterns in vegetation, asking questions, and making predictions.

Donna R. Sterling

2006-09-01

9

Developing Scientists' "Soft" Skills  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A great deal of professional advice directed at undergraduates, graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and even early-career scientists focuses on technical skills necessary to succeed in a complex work environment in which problems transcend disciplinary boundaries. Collaborative research approaches are emphasized, as are cross-training and gaining nonacademic experiences [Moslemi et al., 2009].

Gordon, Wendy

2014-02-01

10

The Differential Impact of Observational Learning and Practice-Based Learning on the Development of Oral Presentation Skills in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study focuses on the design and evaluation of an innovative instructional approach to developing oral presentation skills. The intervention builds on the observational learning theoretical perspective. This perspective is contrasted with the traditional training and practice approach. Two sequencing approaches--learners starting with…

De Grez, Luc; Valcke, Martin; Roozen, Irene

2014-01-01

11

The Development of Calendrical Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calendrical calculation is the unusual ability to name days of the week for dates in the past and sometimes the future. Previous investigations of this skill have concerned savants, people with pervasive developmental disorders or general intellectual impairment. This research has yielded a hypothesis about how calendrical skills develop but no…

Cowan, Richard; Stainthorp, Rhonda; Kapnogianni, Stainthorp; Anastasiou, Maria

2004-01-01

12

Editor's Roundtable: Developing inquiry skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Inquiry skills cannot be taught in only one grade or taught only at the start of the year; and they cannot be taught by having students memorize a set of procedures and definitions for a pencil-and-paper test on "the scientific method." To become proficient in inquiry, students must repeatedly practice these skills in challenging, content-embedded investigations until doing science and thinking like scientists become second nature. This issue of Science Scope offers an excellent selection of articles about developing inquiry skills in middle school students.

Inez Liftig

2008-09-01

13

Sketching for Developing Critical Thinking Skills  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sketching is a valuable field technique to support a person's observation, recording, interpretation and communication of important features in both natural and human-made landscapes. The Singapore geography syllabus employs an inquiry approach and encourages sketching as a fundamental geographical skill. Sketching allows the learner to connect with the world through a personal and kinesthetic experience. The Earth Observatory of Singapore collaborates with the Singapore Geography Teachers' Association, Urban Sketchers, and National Institute of Education professional development to give teachers both basic sketching skills and the opportunity to develop those skills in a scaffolded environment. In Singapore, geography and geology skills overlap in content area of coastal processes, climate change, and plate tectonics with its associated natural hazards such as volcanoes, earthquakes, and tsunami. Both disciplines are interested in how people live on the Earth. Likewise, basic skills such as observing, classifying, measuring, and communicating cut across disciplines of social and natural sciences in order to analyze, synthesize, and evaluate information about the world. Hence, sketching, commonly considered an art skill, is used to further scientific thinking. This somewhat unique collaboration to develop sketching in teachers is based on the long tradition of sketches in geological field work, the newly popular urban sketching community, and professional development by a professional organization and the Singapore National Institute of Education. Workshops provide technique as well as opportunities for sketching with experts in different areas relevant to the geography curriculum.

Eriksson, S. C.; Wang, P.; Sim, T. B.; Goh, E.; Ng, H. K.

2013-12-01

14

Recommended observational skills training for IAEA safeguards inspections. Final report: Recommended observational skills training for IAEA safeguards inspections  

SciTech Connect

This is the second of two reports prepared to assist the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA or Agency) in enhancing the effectiveness of its international safeguards inspections through inspector training in {open_quotes}Observational Skills{close_quotes}. The first (Phase 1) report was essentially exploratory. It defined Observational Skills broadly to include all appropriate cognitive, communications, and interpersonal techniques that have the potential to help IAEA safeguards inspectors function more effectively. It identified 10 specific Observational Skills components, analyzed their relevance to IAEA safeguards inspections, and reviewed a variety of inspection programs in the public and private sectors that provide training in one or more of these components. The report concluded that while it should be possible to draw upon these other programs in developing Observational Skills training for IAEA inspectors, the approaches utilized in these programs will likely require significant adaption to support the specific job requirements, policies, and practices that define the IAEA inspector`s job. The overall objective of this second (Phase 2) report is to provide a basis for the actual design and delivery of Observational Skills training to IAEA inspectors. The more specific purposes of this report are to convey a fuller understanding of the potential application of Observational Skills to the inspector`s job, describe inspector perspectives on the relevance and importance of particular Observational Skills, identify the specific Observational Skill components that are most important and relevant to enhancing safeguards inspections, and make recommendations as to Observational Skills training for the IAEA`s consideration in further developing its Safeguards training program.

Toquam, J.L.; Morris, F.A.

1994-09-01

15

Developing a skills-based competency course.  

PubMed

Skills-based competency programs evaluate whether participants can demonstrate knowledge, skills, and professional behaviors associated with a skill in a simulated or actual clinical setting. Critical elements for program development include accurate and precise outcome statements that delineate the skill to be performed and valid and reliable evaluation criteria that identify the critical behaviors necessary for safe and competent performance. PMID:23181403

Chappell, Kathy; Koithan, Mary

2012-12-01

16

[Institutional policy for developing nurses' clinical skills].  

PubMed

The development of clinical skills in nursing can be integrated into the institutional policy of any hospital. Such a project combines training, the optimal use of the skills developed and recognition from the institution. PMID:25518141

Benaiche, Ahmed; Loubert, Christine; Duhem, Valérie; Plichon, Laurence; Gobeaut, Fabrice; Guillaume, Marie-Chantal

2014-10-01

17

Virtual Reality Simulator Developed Welding Technology Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify the suitability of VR welding simulator application towards CBT in developing welding skills upon new trainees at the Centre of Instructor and Advanced Skills Training (CIAST) Shah Alam Selangor and National Youth Skills Institute (IKBN) Pagoh Johor. The significance of the study was to create a…

Yunus, Faizal Amin Nur; Baser, Jamil Abd; Masran, Saiful Hadi; Razali, Nizamuddin; Rahim, Bekri

2011-01-01

18

Study of Skill Development through Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the extent of attainment of managerial skills through distance education, the impact of multimedia on career of learners and the influence of acquired managerial skills on the managerial performance. Findings revealed that the multimedia materials helped greatly in the development of managerial skills, which facilitates the performance of…

Sreekumar, S. S.

1998-01-01

19

A Change in Seasons: Increasing Student Observation Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the seasons in the science classroom increases student observation skills as they focus on subtle differences such as shades of color and differences in structures. In this article, the author presents a variety of activities that can help students identify and demonstrate patterns and changes in leaf or plant development. The ability to…

Sterling, Donna R.

2006-01-01

20

SKILLS FOR UPGRADING: Workforce Development and Global  

E-print Network

Development Karina Fernandez-Stark, Penny Bamber and Gary Gereffi 132 5. The Tourism Global Value ChainSKILLS FOR UPGRADING: Workforce Development and Global Value Chains in Developing Countries Gary Gereffi Karina Fernandez-Stark Phil Psilos NOVEMBER 2011 #12;Skills for Upgrading: Workforce Development

Ferrari, Silvia

21

Development, Impact, and Measurement of Enhanced Physical Diagnosis Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence suggests that the quality and frequency of bedside clinical examination have declined. We undertook the study to (1) determine whether intensive instruction in physical examination enhances medical student skills and (2) develop a tool to evaluate those skills using a modified observed structured clinical examination (OSCE). This was a…

Smith, Miriam A.; Burton, William B.; Mackay, Meggan

2009-01-01

22

Basic visual observation skills training course: Appendix A. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the basic visual observation skills course is to help safeguards inspectors evaluate and improve their skills in making observations during inspections and in evaluating and interpreting this information. The first 12 hours of the course provide training in five skill areas: perception and recognition; attention to detail; memory; mental imaging, mapping, and modeling skills; and judgment and decision making. Following this training is an integrating exercise involving a simulated safeguards inspection. This report contains the course manual and materials.

Toquam, J.L.; Morris, F.A.; Griggs, J.R.

1995-06-01

23

Social Skill Development through Math  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the U.S. Department of Education, 90% of the future jobs in the United States will require a college degree, and many of these jobs will be in the service industry (Spellings 2006). Service jobs that require people skills may be more difficult for adults with disabilities. Although many students with disabilities included in general…

Walker, Zachary M.; Hunt, Jessica H.

2011-01-01

24

Developing Good Team-working Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article offers advice to educators on developing learners' collaboration skills through problem solving. The author presents six categories of tasks, each of which addresses a set of teamwork skills (e.g. listening, sharing, reflecting) and includes several tasks which could serve as the vehicle. Links to the tasks, printable materials, and other resources are included.

25

Developing Teaching Skills in Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This textbook attempts to clarify the nature of teaching during the field experience or simulation of that experience for student teachers. The text takes a data-based approach to the development of teaching skills. It is divided into seven chapters. The first chapter, "Systematic Improvement of Teaching Skills," is a narrative description of…

Siedentop, Daryl

26

Developing Research Skills across the Undergraduate Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter describes consortial efforts within the Great Lakes Colleges Association to share expertise and programming to build research skills throughout the undergraduate curriculum. Strategies to scaffold research skill development are provided from Allegheny College, Kalamazoo College, and The College of Wooster.

Gray, Simon; Coates, Lee; Fraser, Ann; Pierce, Pam

2015-01-01

27

Developing Language Skills in Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science teachers need specific strategies to develop writing skills along with science content. Fortunately, research has demonstrated that science-teaching methodology can accomplish both the teaching of science content and various language skills, including writing. A technique suitable for and utilized by science teachers is the "mode…

Jimenez-Silva, Margarita; Gomez, Conrado Laborin

2011-01-01

28

Using simulation to develop handover skills.  

PubMed

This article outlines the potential impact of ineffective handover skills on nurses' confidence, competence and coordination, as well as on patient safety. It focuses on how student nurses can develop their communication skills by looking specifically at how the University of Derby used simulation to teach pre-registration student nurses effective handover techniques. PMID:24683692

Collins, Guy

29

Looking Beyond Content: Skill development for engineers  

E-print Network

Current concerns over reforming engineering education have focused attention on helping students develop skills and an adaptive expertise. Phenomenological guidelines for instruction along these lines can be understood as arising out of an emerging theory of thinking and learning built on results in the neural, cognitive, and behavioral sciences. We outline this framework and consider some of its implications for one example: developing a more detailed understanding of the specific skill of using mathematics in modeling physical situations. This approach provides theoretical underpinnings for some best-practice instructional methods designed to help students develop this skill and providesguidance for further research in the area.

Redish, Edward F

2008-01-01

30

Basic visual observation skills training course: Appendix B. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the basic visual observation skills course is to help safeguards inspectors evaluate and improve their skills in making observations during inspections and in evaluating and interpreting this information. The first 12 hours of the course provide training in five skill areas: perception and recognition; attention to detail; memory; mental imaging, mapping, and modeling skills; and judgment and decision making. Following this training is an integrating exercise involving a simulated safeguards inspection. This report contains the in-class exercises in the five skill areas; pre- and post-course exercises in closure, hidden figures, map memory, and mental rotations; the final examination; a training evaluation form; and the integrating exercise.

Toquam, J.L.; Morris, F.A.; Griggs, J.R.

1995-06-01

31

Using Assessment for Developing Team Building Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Ability to function in teams," "good team building skills," and "teamwork" are all now common phrases in the classifieds. It is increasingly important in society today, both in social and work environments, to be a good team player. But how do we actually develop those skills and evaluate whether our efforts have had a measurable impact so that we can adjust our approach for maximum benefit? This booklet presents a team assessment process developed to track and improve students team building skill as well as a complete description of its implementation. Preliminary research on team building skills development was performed with a group of community college students in the Electrical Technology Program. The results from the two year study indicate that active participation in the team assessment process is beneficial in developing team building and leadership skills in college students. All the materials necessary to implement the team assessment process for a classroom or workplace setting are provided in this booklet. Using these materials and methods can yield evidence of improved team building and leadership skills important in meeting accreditation standards or for use in evaluating corporate team skills and leadership development.

Akins, Lean M.

32

Educating for Sustainability: Developing Critical Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advocates a critical theory approach to sustainability in business and environmental management education that incorporates a radical change perspective. Provides exercises for developing the critical skills of reflexivity, critique, and social action. (Contains 37 references.) (SK)

Kearins, Kate; Springett, Delyse

2003-01-01

33

Training Observation Skills and Stimulating interest in Science and Technology: The UAP Observations Reporting Scheme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the website's extensive and wellillustrated list of misidentifications and describe how people can further check details, develop their knowledge (e.g. satellite paths, stars/planets charts, characteristics of meteors, pictures of sprites, clouds classification) or enhance their observation skills. A short illustrated list of UAP cases received by the project will be featured, both explained and inexplicable.

Ailleris, P.

2011-10-01

34

Life skills development through sport: current status and future directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review is designed to summarize and critique current life skills through sport research. In particular, life skills are defined, the conditions needed to examine life skills development are explored, and the possible theoretical explanations of how, when, under what conditions and why life skills develop in sport participants are discussed. A heuristic model of coaching life skills is offered.

Daniel Gould; Sarah Carson

2008-01-01

35

Evaluating skill acquisition in motivational interviewing: the development of an instrument to measure practice skills.  

PubMed

Social work education has long emphasized the need to provide competence-based education. However, little work has been done to identify, validate and evaluate competencies in specific fields such as addictions. The purpose of this study was to isolate a set of substance abuse intervention competencies using Motivational Interviewing that could be used to teach and evaluate students. The research proceeded in three stages. First, a modified Delphi approach involving social work practitioners was used to discern a set of positive and dysfunctional skills related to Motivational Interviewing. The primary researcher taught a graduate social work class aimed at teaching students theory and skills related to this model. Students demonstrated these skills with simulated clients through videotaped interviews. Finally, three observers rated the student interviews using this developed instrument. While inter-observer agreement was lower than anticipated, this study does provide early support for the development of competencies related to specific theoretical frameworks. PMID:11338966

Barsky, A; Coleman, H

2001-01-01

36

Skills for Work? From Skills Development to Decent Livelihoods in Ghana's Rural Informal Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In developing countries, skills development has been neglected. Skills development does not appear in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) or in many poverty reduction strategies and has been side-lined in favour of investment in primary education. However, it is hoped that discussion of skills development in the 2005 Global Monitoring Report…

Palmer, Robert

2007-01-01

37

Enable: Developing Instructional Language Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The program presented in this manual provides a structure and activities for systematic development of effective listening comprehension in typical and atypical children. The complete ENABLE kit comes with pictures, cut-outs, and puppets to illustrate the directives, questions, and narrative activities. The manual includes an organizational and…

Witt, Beth

38

The Development of Spelling Skill.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the literature on spelling development in alphabetic scripts. It describes how once children begin to learn that the function of alphabetic writing is to represent the sounds of language, they go through the process of learning sound-spelling correspondence in increasingly fine detail, from syllables to phonemes. (Contains…

Treiman, Rebecca; Bourassa, Derrick C.

2000-01-01

39

Soccer skill development in talented players.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to gain insight into the development of soccer-specific skills and whether differences between talented players exist on the Loughborough Soccer Passing Test (LSPT). Two scores were derived from the LSPT: 1) execution time: time to complete 16 passes (speed) and 2) skill performance time: execution time including bonus and penalty time for accuracy. The study consisted of 2 parts, the first of which incorporated a quasi-longitudinal design with 270 talented players aged 10-18 years performing the LSPT (661 measurement occasions); multilevel modelling was applied. Secondly, differences between those players allowed to continue in the development program (selected, n=269) and players who were forced to leave (de-selected, n=50) were investigated using independent sample t-tests. The longitudinal data showed that the predicted execution time (i. e., speed) improved approximately 18% from age 10-18 years (P<0.05), skill performance time (i. e., combination of speed and accuracy) was predicted to improve approximately 32% (P<0.05). The second part showed that selected players outscored de-selected players only on skill performance time (P<0.05), not on execution time (P>0.05). In conclusion, in high-level youth soccer, the combination of speed and accuracy in soccer skills might be more important than speed alone. PMID:23459855

Huijgen, B C H; Elferink-Gemser, M T; Ali, A; Visscher, C

2013-08-01

40

Skills Governance and the Workforce Development Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United Kingdom higher education environment, government may make efforts to encourage institutions to engage in governance structures to secure policy objectives through a steering approach. In this article connections between skills governance structures and the recent Higher Education Funding Council for England workforce development…

Hordern, Jim

2013-01-01

41

Development of Implanted Deaf Children's Conversational Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies of preverbal development have highlighted the recurrent difficulties experienced by deaf children in acquiring knowledge of the social rules and social skills pertaining to discourse. We expected cochlear implants in children with bilateral profound deafness to improve their use of verbal language, so that their communication…

Le Maner-Idrissi, Gaid; Dardier, Virginie; Pajon, Cecile; Tan-Bescond, Geraldine; David, Kristell; Deleau, Michel; Godey, Benoit

2010-01-01

42

Developing and Assessing College Student Teamwork Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some form of team-oriented work is employed in most, if not all, organizations today. It would seem, then, that an important role for higher education should involve developing critical teamwork skills among students so as to prepare them for success in life. This very point was highlighted in a 2009 poll conducted on behalf of the Association of…

Hughes, Richard L.; Jones, Steven K.

2011-01-01

43

Strategies for Developing Creative Imagination & Thinking Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A practical guidebook of ideas, lesson materials, and related resources for developing imaginative and productive thinking skills of children is presented to assist teachers and parents. Emphasis is placed on the use of strategies and techniques that enhance originality, mental imagery, reverie, reflection, humor, novel playfulness, and divergent…

Valett, Robert E.

44

Developing Professional Skills in Journalism through Blogs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum for journalism is being forced to change because the traditional print-based and broadcast modes are being challenged by wide and easy access to online mass communication. Primarily, students need to develop proficiency in writing, editing and publishing. However, they are also expected to be skilled in the Web medium as they…

Hodgson, Paula; Wong, Dora

2011-01-01

45

Developing Effective Interpersonal Communication and Discussion Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regardless of the content specialty--from accounting to information systems to finance--employers view effective communication as critical to an individual's success in today's competitive workplace. Most business degree programs require a business communication course to help students develop communication skills needed both in getting a job and…

Smart, Karl L.; Featheringham, Richard

2006-01-01

46

Survival of the fittest [technical skills development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational health is similar to physical health-you have to keep working at it and looking ahead, and not put off responding till symptoms of trouble are obvious. The authors discuss a six step skill development process based on the analogy between physical and technical fitness, will force you to take the initiative and work with management to align its needs

D. B. Youst; L. Lipsett

1994-01-01

47

Clinical skill development for community pharmacists.  

PubMed

The importance of establishing clinical pharmacy services in the community cannot be understated in light of current challenges to the traditional dispensing role as the primary service of the community pharmacist. Advancements in automated dispensing technology and declining prescription fee reimbursement are rapidly forcing pharmacists to seek alternative sources of revenue. Providing pharmaceutical care is a viable option to increase customer loyalty job satisfaction, and reimbursement. To support the development of clinical services, academic institutions are forming partnerships with individual community practitioners to overcome perceived educational and training barriers. The authors describe the design and development of two unique clinical skill development programs at the University of Illinois at Chicago. This paper also outlines the patient focused services that the participants have established upon completing the training. These programs successfully enhanced participants' therapeutic knowledge base and facilitated development of the clinical skills necessary for direct patient care. PMID:8824077

Barnette, D J; Murphy, C M; Carter, B L

1996-09-01

48

Developing Transferable Skills: Some Examples from Geomorphology Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates how the development of transferable skills can be promoted as a matter of policy in undergraduate geography programs and implemented throughout individual classes. Defines transferable skills as skills of a widely applicable nature independent of the disciplinary context. Presents two examples of transferable skill development in…

Mottershead, Derek; Suggitt, Steve

1996-01-01

49

Perceptual skill in soccer: implications for talent identification and development.  

PubMed

In this review, key components of perceptual skill in soccer are identified and implications for talent identification and development highlighted. Skilled soccer players can recall and recognize patterns of play more effectively than their less skilled counterparts. This ability to encode, retrieve and recognize sport-specific information is due to complex and discriminating long-term memory structures and is crucial to anticipation in soccer. Similarly, experts use their knowledge of situational probabilities (i.e. expectations) to anticipate future events. They have a better than average idea of what is likely to happen given a particular set of circumstances. Also, proficiency-related differences in visual search strategy are observed. Skilled players use their superior knowledge to control the eye movement patterns necessary for seeking and picking up important sources of information. The nature of the task plays an important role in constraining the type of search used. Skilled soccer players use different search strategies when viewing the whole field (i.e. 11 vs 11 situations) compared with micro-states of the game (i.e. 1 vs 1, 3 vs 3 situations). Visual search behaviour also differs between defensive and offensive plays. These observations have implications for the development of perceptual training programmes and the identification of potential elite soccer players. PMID:11043899

Williams, A M

2000-09-01

50

Reading skill and structural brain development.  

PubMed

Reading is a learned skill that is likely influenced by both brain maturation and experience. Functional imaging studies have identified brain regions important for skilled reading, but the structural brain changes that co-occur with reading acquisition remain largely unknown. We investigated maturational volume changes in brain reading regions and their association with performance on reading measures. Sixteen typically developing children (5-15 years old, eight boys, mean age of sample=10.06 ± 3.29) received two MRI scans (mean interscan interval=2.19 years), and were administered a battery of cognitive measures. Volume changes between time points in five bilateral cortical regions of interest were measured, and assessed for relationships to three measures of reading. Better baseline performances on measures of word reading, fluency, and rapid naming, independent of age and total cortical gray matter volume change, were associated with volume decrease in the left inferior parietal cortex. Better baseline performance on a rapid naming measure was associated with volume decrease in the left inferior frontal region. These results suggest that children who are better readers, and who perhaps read more than less skilled readers, exhibit different development trajectories in brain reading regions. Understanding relationships between reading performance, reading experience, and brain maturation trajectories may help with the development and evaluation of targeted interventions. PMID:24407200

Houston, Suzanne M; Lebel, Catherine; Katzir, Tami; Manis, Franklin R; Kan, Eric; Rodriguez, Genevieve G; Sowell, Elizabeth R

2014-03-26

51

Existing Abilities and the Perceived Importance of Skill Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identifies the gaps between the skills needed for successful coordinated school health and the coordinators' ability to perform those skills. District health coordinators acknowledged that certain skills are important in developing coordinated school health programs, yet the extent to which they were able to perform these skills is…

English, Gary; Bonaguro, John; Madison, Stephanie

2005-01-01

52

Developing Career Management Skills in Higher Education. NICEC Briefing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Development of career management skills in higher education (HE) was examined in a study of nine HE institutions in the United Kingdom. Despite widespread acknowledgment of the importance of career management skills, consensus on the precise way such skills should be defined and related to core (key) skills was limited. Three strategies for…

Hustler, David; Carter, Karen; Halsall, Rob; Watts, Tony; Ball, Ben; Ward, Rob

53

From Competence to Excellence: Developing Excellence in Vocational Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Kingdom's Learning and Skills Development Agency (LSDA), UK SKILLS, and the Further Education Skills Competition Council conducted a collaborative action research project to improve students' vocational learning and skills through enhanced learning experiences. From February 2001 to April 2002, three further education colleges worked to…

Smeaton, Barry; Hughes, Maria; Hall, Graeme

54

Training in Observation Skills for Health Care Professionals: Interactive Multimedia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an alternative delivery approach for training personnel in observation skills using interactive multimedia technology. The "Classroom Behavior Record (CBR) Observation Training Program," includes three videodiscs that contain video and audio scenes of children in classrooms/playgroups and instructional narrations. The…

Fitzgerald, Gail E.; Nichols, Polly J.; Semrau, Louis P.

55

Skill Intensity and Skills Development in Bangladesh Manufacturing Enterprises  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on recent research into enterprise skill profiles and workplace training practices in the Bangladesh manufacturing industry. The article presents survey and interview data for 37 enterprises across eight manufacturing sectors collected during a study for the International Labour Organisation. The research analysed enterprise and…

Comyn, Paul

2013-01-01

56

Skills-Focused Career Development. Facilitator's Manual and Personal Skill Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This facilitator's manual, together with the SkillScan deck of cards for career counseling, uses proven concepts, techniques, and exercises to help counselors and trainers help clients do the following: (1) develop career options based on skills; (2) evaluate career change opportunities to optimize their skills and interests; and (3) prepare…

Beckhusen, Lesah

57

Acquisition and improvement of human motor skills: Learning through observation and practice  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Skilled movement is an integral part of the human existence. A better understanding of motor skills and their development is a prerequisite to the construction of truly flexible intelligent agents. We present MAEANDER, a computational model of human motor behavior, that uniformly addresses both the acquisition of skills through observation and the improvement of skills through practice. MAEANDER consists of a sensory-effector interface, a memory of movements, and a set of performance and learning mechanisms that let it recognize and generate motor skills. The system initially acquires such skills by observing movements performed by another agent and constructing a concept hierarchy. Given a stored motor skill in memory, MAEANDER will cause an effector to behave appropriately. All learning involves changing the hierarchical memory of skill concepts to more closely correspond to either observed experience or to desired behaviors. We evaluated MAEANDER empirically with respect to how well it acquires and improves both artificial movement types and handwritten script letters from the alphabet. We also evaluate MAEANDER as a psychological model by comparing its behavior to robust phenomena in humans and by considering the richness of the predictions it makes.

Iba, Wayne

1991-01-01

58

Formal Art Observation Training Improves Medical Students’ Visual Diagnostic Skills  

PubMed Central

Background Despite evidence of inadequate physical examination skills among medical students, teaching these skills has declined. One method of enhancing inspection skills is teaching “visual literacy,” the ability to reason physiology and pathophysiology from careful and unbiased observation. Objective To improve students’ visual acumen through structured observation of artworks, understanding of fine arts concepts and applying these skills to patient care. Design Prospective, partially randomized pre- vs. post-course evaluation using mixed-methods data analysis. Participants Twenty-four pre-clinical student participants were compared to 34 classmates at a similar stage of training. Intervention Training the Eye: Improving the Art of Physical Diagnosis consists of eight paired sessions of art observation exercises with didactics that integrate fine arts concepts with physical diagnosis topics and an elective life drawing session. Measurements The frequency of accurate observations on a 1-h visual skills examination was used to evaluate pre- vs. post-course descriptions of patient photographs and art imagery. Content analysis was used to identify thematic categories. All assessments were blinded to study group and pre- vs. post-course evaluation. Results Following the course, class participants increased their total mean number of observations compared to controls (5.41?±?0.63 vs. 0.36?±?0.53, p?observations of art and physical findings. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11606-008-0667-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. PMID:18612730

Naghshineh, Sheila; Hafler, Janet P.; Miller, Alexa R.; Blanco, Maria A.; Lipsitz, Stuart R.; Dubroff, Rachel P.; Khoshbin, Shahram

2008-01-01

59

Using Active Group Games to Develop Basic Life Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Well-designed, active group games are more than just fun. They can help young children develop essential life skills that impact their development and contribute to school readiness. This article discusses how playing developmentally appropriate games allows children to build listening skills as well as social and cooperative skills, gain enough…

Torbert, Marianne

2005-01-01

60

Developing Skills in Second Year Biological Science Undergraduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Development of skills in bioscience undergraduates is seen as desirable by academic staff, students and employers, and this is reflected across most degree programmes. However, providing the opportunity for students to practise skills may alone be insufficient for their development. With an evident discrepancy between the skills expected of…

Robinson, Rosanna L.; McDonald, James E.

2014-01-01

61

Soft Skills Assessment: Theory Development and the Research Agenda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Soft skills have become a subject of increasing interest in lifelong learning. Soft skills development is intended to enable and enhance personal development, participation in learning and success in employment. The assessment of soft skill is therefore widely practised, but there is little in the way of research or evidence on how well this…

Gibb, Stephen

2014-01-01

62

Evaluating the Demand for Soft Skills in Software Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of 500 advertisements for IT positions focuses on the soft skills mentioned in the ads, revealing which soft skills are in high demand for software development and which ones are neglected despite their importance.

Faheem Ahmed; Luiz Fernando Capretz; Piers Campbell

2012-01-01

63

Development and Validation of an Occupational Skills Assessment Instrument  

E-print Network

The development and validation of an occupational skills assessment instrument is described. The instrument was designed to describe accurately a participant's actual level of occupational skills in a variety of job-related ...

Mathews, R. Mark; Whang, Paula L.; Fawcett, Stephen B.

1980-01-01

64

[In vitro development of laparoscopic skills].  

PubMed

Minimally invasive surgery is a popular alternative to open surgical procedures. Laparoscopic surgeries require highly skilled surgeons with solid theoretical background and significant amount of practice. Pelvitrainers or simulators provide a good opportunity for practicing and developing laparoscopic skills. Laparoscopic training of medical students of the Semmelweis University is performed at the Institute of Experimental Surgery and Surgical Techniques on Apollo pelvitrainers. The trainer, the performed exercises and the time limits have to be validated by several measurements. Statistical evaluation of the results provides a possibility for the numerical evaluation of surgical skills as well as validating the usability of the pelvitrainer. In our study we tested the peg transfer exercise in pelvitrainers on four groups with different surgical background and level of expertise, complete novices (50 persons), medical students (326 persons), surgical residents (15), and experienced surgeons (4), respectively. A time limit of 240 s was defined for novices and 100 s for professionals. During the evaluation of the results the average time and the number of errors were calculated. The mean completion time of amateurs was 365.7 ± 130 s (mean ± standard deviation), with 2.57 errors. The performance of medical students was characterized by 159.3 ± 61.1 s average time with 1.21 errors, the completion time of residents was 257.9 ± 75.7 s with 1.13 error points, and 117.2 ± 29.1 s for the surgeons. These data show significant differences between the group, except between the results of medical students and surgeons. We plan to extend this study with the inclusion of more, experienced surgeons. PMID:22940390

Gödri, Veronika; Haidegger, Tamás; Saftics, György; Sándor, József; Wéber, György

2012-08-01

65

Strategies for Developing a High-Skilled Workforce  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the human performance improvement and human resource development task of providing an organization with a skilled workforce. We begin by describing the U.S. demographic trends and the changing job skill requirements that will lead to a shortage of skilled workers and that highlight the importance of considering the various…

Sleezer, Catherine M.; Denny, Dan

2004-01-01

66

Haptic Glove Technology: Skill Development through Video Game Play  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces a recently developed haptic glove system and describes how the participants used a video game that was purposely designed to train them in skills that are needed for the efficient use of the haptic glove. Assessed skills included speed, efficiency, embodied skill, and engagement. The findings and implications for future…

Bargerhuff, Mary Ellen; Cowan, Heidi; Oliveira, Francisco; Quek, Francis; Fang, Bing

2010-01-01

67

Comprehensive Development Plan in Office Skills. Final Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Waubonsee Community College Comprehensive Development Plan in Office Skills served 208 students by assessment of basic skills and referral to appropriate programs or help with job skills and referral to employment during the 18-month grant period from December 1988 through June 30, 1990. The target population was minority women or economically…

Waubonsee Community Coll., Sugar Grove, IL.

68

Developing intercultural skills for Business students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intercultural skills have been increasingly important to business graduates operating in global economies. This paper evaluates the adaptation of the ExcelL Intercultural Skills Program to an international human resource management course, and examines the effectiveness of integrating case study methods with the skills-based ExcelL program. The primary purpose of the study was to assess the usefulness of ExcelL within a

Peter R Woods; Michelle C Barker

2003-01-01

69

Training Simulator for Developing Laparoscopic Skills  

PubMed Central

Objective: To measure, using objective pre- and post-training assessments, the degree of improvement in laparoscopic skills following training with a new laparoscopy training simulator (LTS 2000). Methods: This study utilized the LTS 2000 training simulator. The simulator was used in conjunction with a laparoscope joined to a camera, light source, and monitor or with a camcorder. Eleven exercises were planned with tasks designed to develop visual-motor-processing capabilities for referencing the 2-dimensional image of an object on a video screen, and to teach and allow practice of delicate manipulations, circular motions, oviductal cannulation, formation of Roeder loops, and simple suturing and knot-tying. The skill level of individual trainees was assessed before and after training with objective means. Each exercise was assigned a point value of 100 with a maximum score of 1100. Some exercises were scored in number of tasks per 1 minute, others in number of minutes per 1 task. A score of 100 was given for completing a target number of tasks in 1 minute and 0 for not completing any. A score of 100 was given for completing the assigned task in a target amount of time and 0 for not completing it in 3 times that amount. Scores between 100 and 0 were set linearly as a function of those values. Results: Of the 11 participating physicians, none scored above the 65th percentile of the maximum achievable score before training; 8 scored above the 73rd percentile after training. The average pretest score was 304.9 points (SD 190.8) range 43.2 to 705.7; posttest score was 834.2 points (SD 141.2) range 547.3 to 1021.7. The average number of hours spent in practice was 5.9 (range 2 to 23). A positive correlation existed between hours of practice and posttest score improvement. Conclusion: Sustained training with the new simulator resulted in significant improvement in laparoscopic skills in all tested physicians, regardless of prior level of experience. PMID:11548833

Aruna Kumari, Nakka V.; Eekhout, Juancho

2001-01-01

70

The Effects of Development Team Skill on Software Product Quality  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper provides an analysis of the effect of the skill/experience of the software development team on the quality of the final software product. A method for the assessment of software development team skill and experience is proposed, and was derived from a workforce management tool currently in use by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Using data from 26 smallscale software development projects, the team skill measures are correlated to 5 software product quality metrics from the ISO/IEC 9126 Software Engineering Product Quality standard. in the analysis of the results, development team skill is found to be a significant factor in the adequacy of the design and implementation. In addition, the results imply that inexperienced software developers are tasked with responsibilities ill-suited to their skill level, and thus have a significant adverse effect on the quality of the software product. Keywords: software quality, development skill, software metrics

Beaver, Justin M.; Schiavone, Guy A.

2006-01-01

71

Developing Leadership Skills through Capstone Experiences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of whether a 15-week capstone course in agricultural communications for seniors in agricultural communications builds leadership skills beyond technical classroom learning was examined in a study of 15 students enrolled in the capstone course. The descriptive study used a pretest-posttest design and a leadership skills inventory to…

Sargent, Sarah D.; Pennington, Penny; Sitton, Shelly

72

Skill Development for Volunteering in Rural Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the skills required of volunteers in the voluntary sector organisations that operate in three rural Tasmanian communities. It reports how volunteers acquire those skills and reveals the challenges faced by voluntary sector organisations in rural communities whose industries and, following from this, community members have a…

Kilpatrick, Sue; Stirling, Christine; Orpin, Peter

2010-01-01

73

Engineering soft skills development to avoid hard knocks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engineering and technology sectors have long recognised the importance of soft skills for successful career progression. Research suggests that soft skills are better developed when acquired and practiced than taught. The research describes initial reflections on the potential of discipline-oriented, web-based resource for Personal Development Planning (PDP) to promote and support learner's engagement with personal development and their increased employability

Rashmi Dravid; Andrea Duncan

2011-01-01

74

The Collaborative Development of Teacher Training Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes "mentor development", a means of collaborative professional development through peer observation that was initiated by the author with 18 peers, all native English speaker EFL teachers at Kanda University of International Studies in Chiba, Japan. It shows how such a programme allows teachers to learn from one another through…

Stillwell, Christopher

2009-01-01

75

SIDES: A Cooperative Tabletop Computer Game for Social Skills Development  

E-print Network

months with a middle school social group therapy class. Our findings indicate that tabletop computer1 SIDES: A Cooperative Tabletop Computer Game for Social Skills Development Anne Marie Piper This paper presents a design case study of SIDES: Shared Interfaces to Develop Effective Social Skills. SIDES

Stanford University

76

Helping Preschoolers Prepare for Writing: Developing Fine Motor Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood is the most intensive period for the development of physical skills. Writing progress depends largely on the development of fine motor skills involving small muscle movements of the hand. Young children need to participate in a variety of developmentally appropriate activities intentionally designed to promote fine motor control.…

Huffman, J. Michelle; Fortenberry, Callie

2011-01-01

77

Developing Cognitive Skills in Handicapped Children Through Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented to the Ninth Annual Interdisciplinary UAP-USC Conference on Piagetian Theory and the Helping Professions in 1979, the paper discusses the development of cognitive skills in handicapped children through art activities, and describes some new art-based procedures for assessing and developing such cognitive skills. The procedures in the…

Lavin, Claire; Silver, Rawley A.

78

Drama for children with special needs (motor skill development  

E-print Network

not develop their motor skills at this early stage, there is little or no provision given for extensive movement development in Secondary School. Improvements can still be made at this level, including those pupils who have rejected Physical Education, Drama...

Cameron, Fiona

79

Use every opportunity to develop your skills, aspiring managers urged.  

PubMed

A FORMER children's nurse who is leading a national NHS initiative to develop models of health and social care has urged aspiring leaders to seize opportunities to develop their nursing management skills. PMID:25759988

2015-03-01

80

Developing Research Skills through Local Studies: A Teacher Resource Package.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a secondary school teacher resource package based on the development of a southern Ontario community, St. John's. The sequential program is designed to develop history and geography research skills. A sample lesson is provided. (KC)

Stuesser, Lee; Love, James

1981-01-01

81

The Development of Decision-Making Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper suggests an innovative idea of using the "technology fair" as a means for promoting pre-service teachers (university students) decision-making skills. The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of a procedure of working with primary school children to complete and present a technology fair project, on the decision-making…

Mettas, Alexandros

2011-01-01

82

Developing Academic Skills through Multigenre Autobiography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of the Autobiography Project, listing the topics of the ten chapters and the targeted skills that accompany them. The authors discuss the purposes of each chapter and describe the methods incorporated to promote the four broad components of literacy. This unit also addresses almost all components of the Common…

Bickens, Sarah; Bittman, Franny; Connor, David J.

2013-01-01

83

Development of Map Construction Skills in Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies examined children's map construction skills when drawing demands were removed from the task and scenes were highly simplified. Study 1 compared the performance of first graders and third graders on their ability to preserve configuration during transformation of pictured arrays from eye-level to aerial views. For children with…

Hirsch, Pamela L.; Sandberg, Elisabeth Hollister

2013-01-01

84

Developing supervision skills through peer learning partnership  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oslo University College, Faculty of Nursing places undergraduate students in peer learning partnerships: 3rd year students as tutors, and 1st year students as tutees during practical skill learning. A study was designed to investigate this peer learning project. One of the research questions in particular on the role of the tutors: How do 3rd year nursing students carry out their

Bjørg Christiansen; Ida T. Bjørk; Anton Havnes; Elisabeth Hessevaagbakke

2011-01-01

85

Better Than Toys: Real Life Skill Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In educating children with disabilities, training for independence should begin early, and the "technology" may be very simple. This paper lists activities designed to increase gross, fine motor, cognitive, and eye-hand coordination skills needed for independent living. It encourages caregivers to engage young children in active learning…

Ensign, Arselia, Ed.

1995-01-01

86

Teaching Parents New Skills to Support Their Young Children's Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching parents new skills to support the development of their young children with developmen- tal disabilities has been controversial in the field of early intervention even though there is considerable empirical evidence supporting this approach. We propose that teaching parents to implement family-centered interventions can be highly effective by: (a) allowing parents to choose when to learn new skills; (b)

Ann P. Kaiser; Terry B. Hancock

87

Developing the skills required for evidence-based practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current health care environment requires practitioners with the skills to find and apply the best currently available evidence for effective health care, to contribute to the development of evidence-based practice protocols, and to evaluate the impact of utilizing validated research findings in practice. Current approaches to teaching research are based mainly on gaining skills by participation in the research

Beverley French

1998-01-01

88

Developing the Social Skills of Young Adult Special Olympics Athletes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine if young adult Special Olympics participants could develop, generalize, and maintain target social skills (eye contact, contributing relevant information, and turn taking) as a result of a 14-week Social Skills and Sports (S[superscript 3]) Program that combined classroom instruction with soccer…

Alexander, Melissa G. F.; Dummer, Gail M.; Smeltzer, Ashley; Denton, Stephen J.

2011-01-01

89

Development of a Valid Volleyball Skills Test Battery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of the North Carolina State University Volleyball Skills Test Battery which offers accurate measurement of three volleyball skills (serve, forearm pass, and set). When physical educators tested 313 students, the battery objectively measured their abilities, providing a gamelike means of teaching, testing, grouping, and…

Bartlett, Jackie; And Others

1991-01-01

90

Developing Argument Skills across Scientific and Social Domains  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instant-messaging software was used as a method to promote development of argumentation skills in middle schoolers. Transfer of skills across content domains was the major question investigated. Forty sixth graders engaged in electronic dialogues with peers on a controversial topic--for half a science topic (dinosaur extinction) and for half a…

Iordanou, Kalypso

2010-01-01

91

SIDES: a cooperative tabletop computer game for social skills development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a design case study of SIDES: Shared Interfaces to Develop Effective Social Skills. SIDES is a tool designed to help adolescents with Asperger's Syndrome practice effective group work skills using a four-player cooperative computer game that runs on tabletop technology. We present the design process and evaluation of SIDES conducted over six months with a middle school

Anne Marie Piper; Eileen O'brien; Meredith Ringel Morris; Terry Winograd

2006-01-01

92

Developing 21st Century Process Skills through Project Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this paper is to illustrate how the promotion of 21st Century process skills can be used to enhance student learning and workplace skill development: thinking, problem solving, collaboration, communication, leadership, and management. As an illustrative case, fashion merchandising and design students conducted research for a…

Yoo, Jeong-Ju; MacDonald, Nora M.

2014-01-01

93

Development of Information Search Expertise: Postgraduates' Knowledge of Searching Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study of the development of information searching expertise by 12 postgraduate research students. Six of the students were studying education, and six were studying engineering. The paper focuses on the students' perception of the importance of searching skills and the growth of their knowledge with these skills as they…

Chu, Samuel Kai-Wah; Law, Nancy

2007-01-01

94

The Geopolitics and Meanings of India's Massive Skills Development Ambitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper interrogates the drivers and meanings behind the dramatic rise of technical and vocational education and training in the policy and political agenda of India. What are the assumptions about the existing traditions and character of India's culture or cultures of skills development? Is the massive planned expansion of skilled people in…

King, Kenneth

2012-01-01

95

The impact of observation errors on analysis error and forecast skill investigated with an Observing System Simulation Experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A global observing system simulation experiment (OSSE) has been developed at the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office using the Global Earth Observing System (GEOS-5) forecast model and Gridpoint Statistical Interpolation data assimilation. A 13-month integration of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts operational forecast model is used as the Nature Run. Synthetic observations for conventional and radiance data types are interpolated from the Nature Run, with calibrated observation errors added to reproduce realistic statistics of analysis increment and observation innovation. It is found that correlated observation errors are necessary in order to replicate the statistics of analysis increment and observation innovation found with real data. The impact of these observation errors is explored in a series of OSSE experiments in which the magnitude of the applied observation error is varied from zero to double the calibrated values while the observation error covariances of the GSI are held fixed. Increased observation error has a strong effect on the variance of the analysis increment and observation innovation fields, but a much weaker impact on the root mean square (RMS) analysis error. For the 120 hour forecast, only slight degradation of forecast skill in terms of anomaly correlation and RMS forecast error is observed in the midlatitudes, and there is no appreciable impact of observation error on forecast skill in the tropics.

Prive, N.; Errico, R. M.; Tai, K.

2012-12-01

96

A Management Framework for Training Providers to Improve Workplace Skills Development in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Deputy President, Ms Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, says a skills revolution is necessary for South Africa's (SA) skills crisis. The SA skills revolution began with the skills legislation of 1998-1999 when the Departments of Labour and Education intended a seamless, integrated approach to rapid skills development. The National Skills Development…

Bisschoff, Tom; Govender, Cookie

2007-01-01

97

Will Skills Save Us? Rethinking the Relationships between Vocational Education, Skills Development Policies, and Social Policy in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines experiences with "skills development" in South Africa to contribute to broader debates about "skills" and the relationships between vocational education and development. Numerous policy interventions and the creation of new institutions and systems for skills development in South Africa are widely seen as having failed to lead…

Allais, Stephanie

2012-01-01

98

Teaching Software Development Skills Early in the Curriculum Through Software Engineering  

E-print Network

Teaching Software Development Skills Early in the Curriculum Through Software Engineering C. W Design Keywords software development skills, softwrae engineering curriculum 1. INTRODUCTION Software science. There are many software development skills that can be taught in a software engineering course

Liew, Chun Wai

99

Measures of classroom quality in prekindergarten and children's development of academic, language, and social skills.  

PubMed

This study examined development of academic, language, and social skills among 4-year-olds in publicly supported prekindergarten (pre-K) programs in relation to 3 methods of measuring pre-K quality, which are as follows: (a) adherence to 9 standards of quality related to program infrastructure and design, (b) observations of the overall quality of classroom environments, and (c) observations of teachers' emotional and instructional interactions with children in classrooms. Participants were 2,439 children enrolled in 671 pre-K classrooms in 11 states. Adjusting for prior skill levels, child and family characteristics, program characteristics, and state, teachers' instructional interactions predicted academic and language skills and teachers' emotional interactions predicted teacher-reported social skills. Findings suggest that policies, program development, and professional development efforts that improve teacher-child interactions can facilitate children's school readiness. PMID:18489424

Mashburn, Andrew J; Pianta, Robert C; Hamre, Bridget K; Downer, Jason T; Barbarin, Oscar A; Bryant, Donna; Burchinal, Margaret; Early, Diane M; Howes, Carollee

2008-01-01

100

22 CFR 63.3 - Grants to foreign participants to observe, consult, demonstrate special skills, or engage in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...observe, consult, demonstrate special skills, or engage in specialized programs...observe, consult, demonstrate special skills, or engage in specialized programs...with colleagues, demonstrate special skills, or engage in specialized...

2010-04-01

101

Engineering Education Development to Enhance Human Skill in DENSO  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Importance of human skills such as communication or instruction capability to their staff members has recently been highlighted in a workplace, due to decreasing opportunity of face-to-face communication between supervisors and their staff, or Instruction capability through OJT (On the Job Training) . Currently, communication skills are being reinforced mainly through OJT at DENSO. Therefore, as part of supplemental support tools, DENSO has established comprehensive engineers training program on off-JT basis for developing human skills, covering from newly employeed enginners up to managerial class since 2003. This paper describes education activities and reports the results.

Isogai, Emiko; Nuka, Takeji

102

A Systems Approach to Scaffold Communication Skills Development  

PubMed Central

Objectives To implement a communication skills development (CSD) system and evaluate its effectiveness in a clinical communications course. Design Students conducted baseline interviews and wrote SOAP notes, and based on faculty, patient, self- and peer assessments, set goals for improvement of their communication skills. Students participated in various activities to scaffold their learning, several of which took place in a web-based environment to enhance access and function for both students and faculty members. Quantitative and qualitative analyses were performed. Assessment Students' communication skills improved as evidenced by assessment scores. Student and faculty comments offered additional evidence of the effectiveness of standardized patient interviews, learning strategies, and assessment methods. Conclusion The CSD system effectively integrated various types of learning activities and feedback processes. The use of scaffolding strategies appeared to enhance the development of students' communication skills. PMID:18483601

Er, Nelson L.

2008-01-01

103

Developing Elementary Math and Science Process Skills Through Engineering Design Instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper examines how elementary students can develop math and science process skills through an engineering design approach to instruction. The performance and development of individual process skills overall and by gender were also examined. The study, preceded by a pilot, took place in a grade four extracurricular engineering design program in a public, suburban school district. Students worked in pairs and small groups to design and construct airplane models from styrofoam, paper clips, and toothpicks. The development and performance of process skills were assessed through a student survey of learning gains, an engineering design packet rubric (student work), observation field notes, and focus group notes. The results indicate that students can significantly develop process skills, that female students may develop process skills through engineering design better than male students, and that engineering design is most helpful for developing the measuring, suggesting improvements, and observing process skills. The study suggests that a more regular engineering design program or curriculum could be beneficial for students' math and science abilities both in this school and for the elementary field as a whole.

Strong, Matthew G.

104

Career Development Skills, Outcomes, and Hope among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was twofold. First, the utility of the Integrative Contextual Model of Career Development (ICM) to describe the career development behavior of college students was examined. Second, relationships among educational and career development skills (career exploration, person-environment fit, goal setting,…

Sung, Yoonhee; Turner, Sherri L.; Kaewchinda, Marid

2013-01-01

105

Structuring a Project Management Course to Develop Team Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There is no escaping it. Working in industry requires working in teams. The industries hiring our graduates recognize this. TAC of ABET Criterion 2e requires it, stating graduates need an ability to function effectively on teams. How do we, as teachers, go about ensuring that our students learn how to work effectively on teams? How do we go about teaching them team work and team management skills? The traditional approach to developing team work and team management skills involves assigning students randomly to teams, giving them a project to work on, and expecting them to somehow magically learn to work effectively on teams. This they'll learn about teamwork if they work on teams approach fails to give students adequate preparation and insight into team work and team management skills. It doesn't work. Surveys of students reveal that they do not feel they knew how to effectively work on teams or how to be a team leader. This sentiment was echoed by respondents to last years project management survey. To effectively prepare students to work on teams, coordinated teambuilding and leadership skills training is needed. Beginning with a discussion of necessary project management and team skills, this paper will describe how to structure a project course to include techniques and exercises specifically designed to develop teamwork and team management skills and the benefits they provide.

Edmonson, Charlie P.

106

Young Children's Computer Skills Development from Kindergarten to Third Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation explores young children's computer skills development from kindergarten to third grade using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) dataset. The sample size of the study was 8642 children. Latent growth curve modeling analysis was used as an analytical tool to examine the development of children's computer…

Sackes, Mesut; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Bell, Randy L.

2011-01-01

107

The Construction of a Pun Generator for Language Skills Development  

E-print Network

The Construction of a Pun Generator for Language Skills Development Ruli Manurung School, University of Dundee Dundee, United Kingdom, DD1 4HN Running head: Construction of a Pun Generator which automatically constructed simple verbal jokes (puns), but none of these were fully developed

Ritchie, Graeme

108

Early Markers of Vulnerable Language Skill Development in Galactosaemia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are no known biomedical or genetic markers to identify which infants with galactosaemia (GAL) are most at risk of poor language skill development, yet pre-linguistic communicative "red flag" behaviours are recognised as early identifiers of heightened vulnerability to impaired language development. We report on pre-linguistic…

Lewis, Fiona M.; Coman, David J.; Syrmis, Maryanne

2014-01-01

109

Developing Courteous Listening Skills in Transitional Kindergarten Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This master's paper demonstrates the use of instructional system design in the development of a program to foster courteous listening skills in at-risk, transitional kindergarten students. Instructional production phases of analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation were used. Kindergarten students were presented three lessons…

Kanter, Linda

110

Skill Development and Critical Thinking in Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of ‘critical thinking’ is often put forward as an ideal of higher education. However, there is a significant contention over what is meant by the phrase. This paper looks at how a critical approach might be encouraged as an aspect of skills development in higher education. In the Master of Research (MRes), degree a variety of research orientated

Paul Walker; Nicholas Finney

1999-01-01

111

Developing Students' Metacognitive Skills in a Data-Rich Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the development of students' metacognitive skills in a data-rich environment. The study involves the development and use of a Metacognitive Inventory, which evaluates students' awareness of their cognitive processes as they approach and solve problems. This 26-item inventory is based on the Problem Solving Inventory and State…

DeLuca, V. William; Lari, Nasim

2013-01-01

112

Functional Neuroimaging Insights Into the Development of Skilled Reading  

PubMed Central

Typically developing children require years of overt training and practice to learn to read with skill. The relatively recent advent of functional neuroimaging methods amenable to the study of children has provided insight into the neurobiological underpinnings of skilled reading development. In this brief review, we discuss how neuroimaging during reading-related tasks has revealed that, when adult and child skilled readers perform identical reading-related tasks with comparable levels of performance, these groups show similar, but nonidentical patterns of regional brain activity. Children activate some neural regions that adults do not activate (or activate less), and vice versa. The activity patterns in these regions transition to mature levels with increased proficiency and maturity. The dynamic nature of the reading brain as the child matures is thought to be a demonstration of both the inherent flexibility and the increasing efficiency of brain processing over development. PMID:19750204

Schlaggar, Bradley L.; Church, Jessica A.

2009-01-01

113

The Zuni Life Skills Development Curriculum: Description and Evaluation of a Suicide Prevention Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

In collaboration with the Zuni pueblo, a culturally tailored intervention program was designed using a model of social cognitive development to remediate the behavioral and cognitive correlates of suicide. The Zuni Life Skills Development curriculum was introduced in the tribal high school and evaluated using a multimethod approach including self-report, behavioral observation, and peer rating. Students exposed to the curriculum

Teresa LaFromboise; Beth Howard-Pitney

1995-01-01

114

Team Science: Organizing Classroom Experiments That Develop Group Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains classroom experiments designed to promote group skills. Each lesson has 4 parts: a 3-minute set-up; 5-minute warm-up, 25-minute experiment, and 5-minute clean-up. During each part, each member of the group is responsible for performing a specific task. Included are 34 labs that cover a range of topics: observations, physical…

Coffin, Marilyn

115

Does the inclusion of 'professional development' teaching improve medical students' communication skills?  

PubMed Central

Background This study investigated whether the introduction of professional development teaching in the first two years of a medical course improved students' observed communication skills with simulated patients. Students' observed communication skills were related to patient-centred attitudes, confidence in communicating with patients and performance in later clinical examinations. Methods Eighty-two medical students from two consecutive cohorts at a UK medical school completed two videoed consultations with a simulated patient: one at the beginning of year 1 and one at the end of year 2. Group 1 (n = 35) received a traditional pre-clinical curriculum. Group 2 (n = 47) received a curriculum that included communication skills training integrated into a 'professional development' vertical module. Videoed consultations were rated using the Evans Interview Rating Scale by communication skills tutors. A subset of 27% were double-coded. Inter-rater reliability is reported. Results Students who had received the professional development teaching achieved higher ratings for use of silence, not interrupting the patient, and keeping the discussion relevant compared to students receiving the traditional curriculum. Patient-centred attitudes were not related to observed communication. Students who were less nervous and felt they knew how to listen were rated as better communicators. Students receiving the traditional curriculum and who had been rated as better communicators when they entered medical school performed less well in the final year clinical examination. Conclusions Students receiving the professional development training showed significant improvements in certain communication skills, but students in both cohorts improved over time. The lack of a relationship between observed communication skills and patient-centred attitudes may be a reflection of students' inexperience in working with patients, resulting in 'patient-centredness' being an abstract concept. Students in the early years of their medical course may benefit from further opportunities to practise basic communication skills on a one-to-one basis with patients. PMID:21708000

2011-01-01

116

Developing Skills through Partnerships: Symposium Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In November 2005, the province of Ontario and the federal government signed two historic agreements--the Canada-Ontario Labour Market Development Agreement and the Canada-Ontario Labour Market Partnership Agreement. One year later, on Nov. 24, 2006, key labour market stakeholders, including users, delivery agents and government came together to…

Colleges Ontario, 2011

2011-01-01

117

Learning Profiles and the "Skills Gap" in Four Developing Countries: A Comparative Analysis of Schooling and Skills Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational access in developing countries has improved significantly in recent years, but less evidence is available on learning and learning progress in comparative perspective. This paper employs data from Young Lives to examine levels and trends in cognitive skill development and the links to enrolment in school across the four study countries…

Rolleston, Caine

2014-01-01

118

Just Google It? Developing Internet Search Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Do Internet search engines point us to the information that we need or confuse us with irrelevant or questionable information? How can Internet users improve their searches to find reliable information? What are some ways to perform effective searches? In this lesson, students conduct Web searches on open-ended questions, and draw on their experiences to develop guides to searching effectively and finding reliable information online.

Sarah Kavanagh

2010-01-01

119

Promoting the teaching of critical thinking skills through faculty development.  

PubMed

Practical and effective faculty development programs are vital to individual and institutional success. However, there is little evidence that program outcomes result in instructional changes. The purpose of this study was to determine if and how faculty development would enhance participants' use of critical thinking skills in instruction. Seven faculty members from the University of Florida College of Dentistry and one faculty member from another health science college participated in six weekly two-hour faculty development sessions in spring 2007 that focused on enhancing critical thinking skills in instruction. Kaufman's and Rachal's principles of andragogy (adult learning) were used to design the sessions. Participants used learning journals to respond to four instructor-assigned prompts and provided one presentation to peers. With the use of qualitative methods, eight themes emerged across the learning journals: teaching goals, critical thinking, awareness of learners, planned instructional change, teaching efficacy, self-doubt, external challenges, and changes made. Five of eight participants incorporated critical thinking skills into their presentations at a mean level of 2.4 or higher on a 5-point scale using Paul and Elder's behavioral definition of critical thinking skills. Faculty development opportunities that cause participants to reason through learning journals, peer presentations, and group discussion demonstrated the incorporation of critical thinking concepts in 63 percent of this cohort group's presentations, suggesting that if evidence-based pedagogies are followed, instructional changes can result from faculty development. PMID:19491344

Behar-Horenstein, Linda S; Schneider-Mitchell, Gail; Graff, Randy

2009-06-01

120

Developing Engineering and Science Process Skills Using Design Software in an Elementary Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper examines the development of process skills through an engineering design approach to instruction in an elementary lesson that combines Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM). The study took place with 25 fifth graders in a public, suburban school district. Students worked in groups of five to design and construct model bridges based on research involving bridge building design software. The assessment was framed around individual student success as well as overall group processing skills. These skills were assessed through an engineering design packet rubric (student work), student surveys of learning gains, observation field notes, and pre- and post-assessment data. The results indicate that students can successfully utilize design software to inform constructions of model bridges, develop science process skills through problem based learning, and understand academic concepts through a design project. The final result of this study shows that design engineering is effective for developing cooperative learning skills. The study suggests that an engineering program offered as an elective or as part of the mandatory curriculum could be beneficial for developing students' critical thinking, inter- and intra-personal skills, along with an increased their understanding and awareness for scientific phenomena. In conclusion, combining a design approach to instruction with STEM can increase efficiency in these areas, generate meaningful learning, and influence student attitudes throughout their education.

Fusco, Christopher

121

Stimulating Interest in Natural Sciences and Training Observation Skills: The UAP Observations Reporting Scheme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For a number of reasons the general public and many young people are fascinated by the ideas of UFOs and extra-terrestrial life. As mysteries motivate to gain interest and knowledge, an opportunity exists, throughout these topics, to stimulate the people's interests to natural sciences and technology. A major problem however exists, concerning the fact that the general public generally associates any strange aerial sighting to something exotic, unknown, and to the possibility of extraterrestrial visitations. Rumours, irrational thinking and conspiracy theories prevail around these topics. Launched under the framework of the 2009 International Year of Astronomy, the Unidentified Aerospace Phenomena (UAP) Observations Reporting Scheme seeks to tackle this situation through approaching the topic from a professional and rational perspective, providing an opportunity to teach the public how to think more critically, demystifying UFO events, and ultimately attempting to stimulate the interest in natural sciences and technological disciplines. This is tentatively attempted through the following resources: Firstly, the project's website (1) provides an extensive resource for inquiry-based learning regarding the various natural or man-made phenomena that often give rise to false UAP sightings. It serves as a general forum for educating the public about human, atmospheric and astrophysical phenomena that could be observed in the sky. Secondly, the basic educational information provided on the web site allows potential UAP witnesses to critically evaluate the potential cause of their sightings. Visual descriptions, photos, video clips, tools, and links to relevant websites are provided for each category of phenomena, in order to assist the observer in his self-analysis. Amateur astronomers and societies who receive questions about UFOs can redirect queries to the website. Thirdly, the website provides novice observers viewing tips (e.g. elevation, azimuth, angular size) about how to record as accurately as possible a UAP event, in order to facilitate future identification and study. Lastly, one of the project's objectives is also to collect reports of trained observers (astronomers) of apparently inexplicable events for further analysis. Certainly, whenever there are unexplained observations there is the possibility that scientists could learn something new by studying these events. During this presentation, we will provide an overview of the project, present the website's extensive and well illustrated list of misidentifications, describe how people can further check details, develop their knowledge (e.g. satellite paths, stars/planets charts, characteristics of meteors, pictures of sprites, clouds classification) and enhance their observation skills. In order to show the relevance of the project, a short illustrated list of UAP cases received by the project will be featured, both explained and inexplicable. Finally, we will explore potential plans for strengthening the visibility and usefulness of the project, while requesting feedback from the community of atmospheric and natural sciences' researchers. (1) www.uapreporting.org (*): Disclaimer: Work undertaken as personal work; not endorsed as research activity by ESA.

Ailleris, P.

2012-04-01

122

Managerial-Skills Development: An Experience in Program Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article is an overview of the design of a Managerial Skills Development Program Model in an industrial setting which was based on adult education principles. Discussed are: program objectives and philosophy, educative environment, group commitment, group-centered action, program evaluation and revision, manager/instructor teams, and…

Thorne, Edward H.; Marshall, Jean L.

1976-01-01

123

Assessing Aptitude and Attitude Development in a Translation Skills Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the effects on EFL students of using Blackboard technology and online dictionaries in developing translating skills and building positive attitudes towards translation in male Saudi college students. The study compares two groups of students in a translation course; one in a traditional, face-to-face setting (control) and…

Mekheimer, Mohamed Amin A.

2012-01-01

124

Development of an integrated process skill test: TIPS II  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this project was to develop a valid and reliable science process skill test for middle and high school students. Multiple-choice items were generated for each of five objectives. Following pilot testing and revision, the test was administered to middle and high school students in the northeastern United States. The 36-item test can be completed in a normal

Joseph C. Burns; James R. Okey; Kevin C. Wise

1985-01-01

125

The Developing English Skills and Knowledge (DESK) Program Handbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the DESK (Developing English Skills and Knowledge) Program at Louisiana State University (LSU) is to help deaf and hard of hearing students make a smooth transition from high school to postsecondary institutions and, in doing so, to ensure their academic and professional success. This handbook documents, in a "how-to" format, Dr.…

Rohloff, Jean

2009-01-01

126

Action Research: The Development of Critical Thinking Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical thinking is the focal point missed in many students' educations. Students are taught memorization with little time left for the development of critical thinking skills which allows for a deeper understanding and a richer experience. Learning to ask appropriate questions and deduce information in order to build a deeper connection to the…

LaPoint-O'Brien, Tammy

2013-01-01

127

Developing Leadership Skills: Online versus Face-to-Face  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper seeks to present final results from an exploratory research project that aimed to compare and contrast the effectiveness of different delivery modes (especially online as opposed to face-to-face) when developing leadership skills in established managers. Design/methodology/approach: This study sought to identify whether…

Silbergh, David; Lennon, Kate

2006-01-01

128

SOCIAL: An Integrative Framework for the Development of Social Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite significant advances in the field of social neuroscience, much remains to be understood regarding the development and maintenance of social skills across the life span. Few comprehensive models exist that integrate multidisciplinary perspectives and explain the multitude of factors that influence the emergence and expression of social…

Beauchamp, Miriam H.; Anderson, Vicki

2010-01-01

129

Practices for Developing Reflective Thinking Skills among Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors advocate the practice of reflection and reflective thinking skill development. More specifically, they offer definitions of reflection, identify reasons that may inhibit preservice teachers' reflection, and suggest practices that specifically encourage reflection on teaching among preservice and inservice…

Rieger, Alicja; Radcliffe, Barbara J.; Doepker, Gina M.

2013-01-01

130

Life after Graduate School: Skill Development for International Scholarship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A graduate course on research and technical writing, intended for international students planning to publish papers in English-language journals and present their work at English-language conferences, is described. The course curriculum includes: (1) development of summarizing and paraphrasing skills, in order to provide students with the ability…

Wyatt-Brown, Anne

131

United Kingdom: Skills Development for the Twenty-First Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Learning and Skills Development Agency (LSDA), together with the British Council, provides the leadership for the UNEVOC centre in the United Kingdom (UK). LSDA is a strategic national agency whose mission is to improve the quality of post-16 education and training in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It does this by conducting research to…

Baines, John; Cohen, Judith; Martin, Stephen

2005-01-01

132

The Development of Employability Skills in Novice Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study attempts to determine how teenage workers develop their employability skills in their first formal jobs. Case studies were carried out in 12 Australian enterprises of varying sizes and drawn from different industry areas. In each case study the following staff were interviewed: senior managers and/or human resources management…

Smith, Erica; Comyn, Paul

133

When Academics Integrate Research Skill Development in the Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study considered outcomes when 27 academics explicitly developed and assessed student research skills in 28 regular (non-research methods) semester-length courses. These courses ranged from small (n = 17) to medium-large (n = 222) and included those from first year to masters in business, engineering, health science, humanities and science,…

Willison, J. W.

2012-01-01

134

Developing Children's Language Skills in Inclusive Early Childhood Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides guidelines for teachers in inclusive classrooms to help children with disabilities learn language and communication skills during everyday activities and routines. Key elements described include collaboration among team members, collecting naturalistic assessment data, developing activity-based objects, preparing an activity matrix, and…

Hemmeter, Mary Louise; Grisham-Brown, Jennifer

1997-01-01

135

Factors that Influence Women's Technical Skill Development in Outdoor Adventure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a theoretical foundation for understanding women's technical skill development (TSD) in outdoor adventure. An examination of societal and biological factors influencing women's TSD focuses on gender role socialization, sense of competence, technical conditioning, sexism, spatial ability, and risk-taking. The article suggests…

Warren, Karen; Loeffler, TA

2006-01-01

136

Skills Development for Poverty Reduction (SDPR): The Case of Tajikistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vocational education and training (VET) can contribute to the attainment of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. A key to economic and social progress is the training of better-qualified individuals and skilled enterprise staff who will be more productive, improving goods, increasing incomes and adapting to changing markets. Experts…

Wallenborn, Manfred

2009-01-01

137

Developing Worksheet Based on Science Process Skills: Factors Affecting Solubility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to develop a worksheet about the factors affecting solubility, which could be useful for the prospective science teachers (PST) to remind and regain their science process skills (SPS). The pilot study of the WS was carried out with 32 first grade PST during the 2007-2008 academic year in the education department at…

Karsli, Fethiye; Sahin, Cigdem

2009-01-01

138

The importance of human skills in project management professional development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide insights into the importance of human skills in project management success and the apparent emphasis placed on this within the context of university education. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An investigation into the effectiveness of a British Project Management Professional Development Programme (PMPDP) case study is reported. Using as a benchmark, the core

M. Alam; A. Gale; M. Brown; A. I. Khan

2010-01-01

139

Use of Gesture Development in Profiling Children's Prelinguistic Communication Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Comparing children's skills across and within domains of development has become a standard in providing early intervention services. Profiling a child's strengths and challenges can help in making decisions regarding eligibility, diagnosis, and intervention. Profiling is particularly important for children who are not yet talking, due to…

Crais, Elizabeth R.; Watson, Linda R.; Baranek, Grace T.

2009-01-01

140

Developing Reading and Literacy Skills in Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examines the Saudi national reading curriculum for Grades 1-6; defines the word identification, reading comprehension and teaching approaches; describes the reading lesson design, reading themes, the word identification and reading comprehension skills developed; and reports the strengths and weaknesses of the reading curriculum.…

Al-Jarf, Reima

2007-01-01

141

Developing Transferable Research Skills in First Year Agricultural Economics Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A problem-based learning approach was adopted for a unit of study in first year agricultural economics at the University of Sydney with the aim of starting development of students' research skills earlier than usual. The novel teaching approach employed a structured and guided problem activity in the first semester and progressed to a more…

Koppi, Tony; Nolan, Elizabeth; Field, Damien

2010-01-01

142

Management development: a study of nurse managerial activities and skills.  

PubMed

This study discusses an activity competency model that may be used to investigate the perceived importance of managerial activities and skills required by three levels of nurse managers (top, middle, and supervisory management). Our findings indicate that the importance of nurse managerial activities differs significantly according to the level of nurse management. A set of critical managerial activities and skills/knowledge needs for each level of nurse managers was identified in the study. These findings provide guidelines for nursing-management development programs, training, and career planning. They also can serve as a guideline for recruiting and selecting an effective nurse manager. PMID:17552353

Lin, Li-Min; Wu, Jen-Her; Huang, Ing-Chung; Tseng, Kuo-Hung; Lawler, John J

2007-01-01

143

Development of a Reliable, Valid Annual Skills Mastery Assessment Examination  

PubMed Central

Objective To develop a methodology for a reliable, valid annual skills mastery assessment examination to provide formative student feedback, inform curricular review, and comply with the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) Standards 2007. Design A sample of program-level ability-based outcomes skills were chosen for the examination. Test items were written, underwent quality control, and were scored for level of difficulty. Versions of the examination for first-, second-, third-, and fourth-year pharmacy students were developed and administered, the results were analyzed, reliability and validity were evaluated, and reports were generated. Item-writing guidelines, quality control procedures, and examination production steps were codified to create a criterion-referenced examination. Students and faculty advisors received detailed score reports and results were used to guide student performance and stimulate a review of curricular outcomes. Assessment Content, criterion, and construct validity were analyzed as defined in the literature for the intended use of this assessment tool. Data suggest the Annual Skills Mastery Assessment (ASMA) examination is both reliable and valid. Students and faculty members were surveyed regarding the usefulness of the examination. Results indicate general satisfaction with the assessment program. Conclusion A reasonably reliable, reasonably valid multiple-choice annual skills mastery assessment for selected outcomes statements providing formative feedback and informed curricular review was developed. PMID:20798805

Love, Bryan L.

2010-01-01

144

Developing Successful Readers: Building Early Comprehension Skills through Television Viewing and Listening  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing the ability to read is a complex process involving a variety of skills, including both basic language skills and language comprehension skills. Although a balanced reading program would include the development of basic language and comprehension skills, comprehension has often been overlooked in early reading instruction. In this…

Kendeou, Panayiota; Lynch, Julie S.; van den Broek, Paul; Espin, Chris A.; White, Mary Jane; Kremer, Kathleen E.

2005-01-01

145

Social networks and the development of social skills in cowbirds.  

PubMed

The complex interrelationships among individuals within social environments can exert selection pressures on social skills: those behaviours and cognitive processes that allow animals to manipulate and out-reproduce others. Social complexity can also have a developmental effect on social skills by providing individuals with opportunities to hone their skills by dealing with the challenges posed in within-group interactions. We examined how social skills develop in captive, adult male brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) that were exposed to differing levels of 'social complexity' across a 2-year experiment. After each year, subjects housed in groups with dynamic social structure (where many individuals entered and exited the groups during the year) outcompeted birds who had been housed in static groups. Exposure to dynamic structure subsequently led to substantial changes to the social networks of the home conditions during the breeding season. Static groups were characterized by a predictable relationship between singing and reproductive success that was stable across years. In dynamic conditions, however, males showed significant variability in their dominance status, their courting and even in their mating success. Reproductive success of males varied dramatically across years and was responsive to social learning in adulthood, and socially dynamic environments 'trained' individuals to be better competitors, even at an age when the development of many traits important for breeding (like song quality) had ended. PMID:22641827

White, David J; Gersick, Andrew S; Snyder-Mackler, Noah

2012-07-01

146

Social networks and the development of social skills in cowbirds  

PubMed Central

The complex interrelationships among individuals within social environments can exert selection pressures on social skills: those behaviours and cognitive processes that allow animals to manipulate and out-reproduce others. Social complexity can also have a developmental effect on social skills by providing individuals with opportunities to hone their skills by dealing with the challenges posed in within-group interactions. We examined how social skills develop in captive, adult male brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) that were exposed to differing levels of ‘social complexity’ across a 2-year experiment. After each year, subjects housed in groups with dynamic social structure (where many individuals entered and exited the groups during the year) outcompeted birds who had been housed in static groups. Exposure to dynamic structure subsequently led to substantial changes to the social networks of the home conditions during the breeding season. Static groups were characterized by a predictable relationship between singing and reproductive success that was stable across years. In dynamic conditions, however, males showed significant variability in their dominance status, their courting and even in their mating success. Reproductive success of males varied dramatically across years and was responsive to social learning in adulthood, and socially dynamic environments ‘trained’ individuals to be better competitors, even at an age when the development of many traits important for breeding (like song quality) had ended. PMID:22641827

White, David J.; Gersick, Andrew S.; Snyder-Mackler, Noah

2012-01-01

147

Evaluation of a Classwide Teaching Program for Developing Preschool Life Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, nonmaternal center-based child care has been linked to problem behavior in young children (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 2003). In response, a comprehensive program to promote prosocial skills was evaluated in a classroom of 16 children between the ages of 3 years and 5 years. Classroom observations were…

Hanley, Gregory P.; Heal, Nicole A.; Tiger, Jeffrey H.; Ingvarsson, Einar T.

2007-01-01

148

Work in progress — The video scenario approach for developing computational and entrepreneurial thinking skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of video scenarios is an active learning approach designed to aid in the development of computational and entrepreneurial thinking skills. Video scenarios present problems in the context of lifelike settings in order to emphasize the complexity as well as creative potential presented by problems which are diverse, multi-layered and frequently ill-defined. Students must carefully observe and critically listen

Madalene Spezialetti

2010-01-01

149

Developing an equipment library for clinical skills and simulation training.  

PubMed

This article describes the the development of a regional equipment library for clinical skills and simulation training. This was a project undertaken to address a reduction in the available funding for the purchasing of clinical skills equipment throughout the Yorkshire and Humber region. It was envisaged that utilizing regionally accessible equipment through the development of an equipment library could support clinical areas with no other means of acquiring the necessary equipment for training. A consultation exercise met with initial concerns around the cost of some of this equipment and who would be responsible for the repair, transportation costs and maintenance. A SWOT analysis identified how these concerns may be addressed and processes of developing a database, tracking usage and auditing of the service emerged. PMID:21841634

Barrott, Joanne; Hope, Angela

2011-08-01

150

Reattraction of needed skills to developing countries of origin.  

PubMed

This research note briefly outlines International Labour Organization concerns about return migration in developing countries, research being done in the field, and activities in related fields. Attention is being focused on the following topics and areas of study: 1) recommendations and conventions which cover workers generally and migrant workers particularly; 2) measures to avoid the departure of skilled workers from developing countries; 3) special problems encountered in improving migrant professionals' working conditions; 4) developing a central pool of information on labor markets and employment at the international level; 5) bilateral or multilateral migration agreements to optimize the flows of health personnel, scientific workers, engineers, and high level technicians, protecting their rights, and facilitating their reintegration into the country of origin; 6) creating a compensation scheme for skill outflows and training substitutes to fill the gaps left behind by migration; 7) classifying migratory policies adopted by developing countries; 8) reattraction of needed skills to developing countries of origin; 9) transfer of know-how through expatriate nationals; 10) labor reinsertion patterns of migrants returning to Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain; 11) Socioeconomic reintegration of migrants returning to Pakistan and Uruguay; and 12) Sri Lanka's experience with self-employment schemes for returned migrants. PMID:12314942

Bautista, E B

1986-03-01

151

Effective Strategies and Activities for Developing Soft Skills, Part 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employers seek employees who possess soft skills. Employees who do not have excellent soft skills may not experience success in obtaining and sustaining employment. McEwen's (2010) framework for skill-building--introduce, explain, practice, and reinforce--was used to describe activities for enhancing soft skills. Assessment of soft skills…

Blaszczynski, Carol; Green, Diana J.

2012-01-01

152

Effective Strategies and Activities for Developing Soft Skills, Part 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employers seek employees who possess soft skills. Employees who do not have excellent soft skills may not experience success in obtaining and sustaining employment. McEwen's (2010) framework for skill-building--introduce, explain, practice, and reinforce--was used to describe activities for enhancing soft skills. Soft skills building activities…

Green, Diana J.; Blaszczynski, Carol

2012-01-01

153

Communication aspects of ProSkills: a non-technical skill development and enhancement program for engineers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engineers face a major decision relating to their careers. They can enter their profession, or they can become a successful professional. In both cases, a strong technical foundation is required. But, to be a truly successful professional, engineers must also develop and use many nontechnical skills. Professional engineers use a balance of technical and non-technical skills to achieve their highest

J. Watson; C. Alexander

2005-01-01

154

A-Gendering Skill. Conversations around Women, Work and Skill: An Australian Perspective. EEE703 Project Development Plan 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 12 papers are part of the study materials for the one-semester distance education unit, Project Development Plan 2, in the Open Campus Program at Deakin University (Australia). They examine the breadth and depth of the actions and debates around the social construction of skill and the critical role played by the concept of skill in the…

Butler, Elaine, Ed.; Brown, Mike, Ed.

155

Essential leadership skills for motivating and developing staff.  

PubMed

Achieving and sustaining high quality patient care and containing costs are important aspects of a nurse manager's role, and a successful manager needs to have the skills and ability to motivate and develop staff. This article focuses on how effective leadership can increase motivation and empowerment among nurses, examines the relevance of transformational leadership to motivation, and suggests practical ways of maintaining a motivated work environment. PMID:21977896

Curtis, Elizabeth; O'Connell, Rhona

2011-09-01

156

Development of phonological skills and learning to read in French  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to assess the development of phonological skills before and during learning to read. Thirty-four\\u000a children were tested twice, in nursery school and in first grade with an epiphonological task (E), e.g. judgment of similarity,\\u000a and two metaphonological tasks, one requiring the extraction of common units (M1) and one requiring unit substitution (M2).\\u000a As expected,

Jean Ecalle; Annie Magnan

2007-01-01

157

Developing Leadership Skills in "Introduction to Engineering Courses" through Multi-Media Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A literature review identifies a partial list of leadership skills to include developing higher-order cognitive skills, team working skills, positive attitude, and ability to transfer these skills to future environment. This paper discusses the results of research conducted on the use of multiple instructional methodologies in two different…

Sankar, Chetan S.; Kawulich, Barbara; Clayton, Howard; Raju, P. K.

2010-01-01

158

Teaching the "Soft Skills": A Professional Development Curriculum to Enhance the Employability Skills of Business Graduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's business climate requires that management recruits not only know the technical aspects of their jobs, but also possess communication, teambuilding and leadership skills. Most business school curricula, however, focus only on technical skills, and do not address the "soft skills" in a formal setting or on a consistent basis.…

Winstead, Ann S.; Adams, Barbara L.; Sillah, Marion Rogers

2009-01-01

159

Skill development among student affairs professionals in the National Association of Student Personnel Administrators Region III  

E-print Network

Student affairs practitioners develop a variety of skills in order to serve students and the institutions in which they work. This research study used a newly developed instrument to assess the perceived performance of a variety of skills...

Roberts, Darby Michelle

2004-09-30

160

Emulating real-life situations with a play task to observe parenting skills and child behaviors.  

PubMed

Play tasks that use standardized procedures and materials are a practical way to assess parenting skills, child behaviors, and the ways in which parents and children interact. We describe a systematic process for developing the parent-child play task (PCPT) to assess mother-child interactions for a randomized controlled trial of a video-based parenting program. Participants were 307 mothers and their 3- to 6-year-old children who presented oppositional and disruptive behavior challenges. The validity of the PCPT was investigated by testing (a) the extent to which the tasks elicited the specific parent and child behaviors of interest, (b) the consistency of individuals' behavior across the play tasks, and (c) the concurrent associations of the PCPT-observed child behaviors and mother reports of child behavior. The different tasks elicited the mother and child behaviors that they were designed to elicit. Behavior consistency across tasks for individual mothers and children was fair to good, with the exception of 2 task-specific behaviors. Mother's guidance (provision of instructions to foster a skill) during the teaching task and children's interruptions while mother was busy during the questionnaire task were highly task specific. Modest associations were found between observed children's noncompliance and inappropriate behaviors and mother-reported conduct problems and oppositional behaviors. Implications for clinical and research assessments are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:25689090

Rusby, Julie C; Metzler, Carol W; Sanders, Matthew R; Crowley, Ryann

2015-04-01

161

A life course approach to the development of mental skills  

PubMed Central

A wide variety of factors across the life course jointly influence cognitive and emotional development. Indeed, research from a variety of disciplines strongly suggests that cognition and mental health are intertwined across the life course, by their common antecedents and underlying physiology in development, and in their interplay across adult and later life. We suggest that cognitive and socio-emotional function fuse to form skills for life supporting self-regulation, competence and quality of life that persist into later life, through linked reciprocal processes of genetic influence, nurturing, schooling, work, and lifestyle. PMID:21398418

Richards, Marcus; Hatch, Stephani L.

2012-01-01

162

Designing and Evaluating a Personal Skills Development Program for Management Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Success in preparing business students for professional careers requires these students to develop a set of well-defined personal skills. The present study examined 145 business students to assess the effectiveness of a personal skills development (PSD) program by measuring the impact of the training on the students' attitudes in skill development…

Pang, Elvy; Hung, Humphry

2012-01-01

163

Advanced mathematical study and the development of conditional reasoning skills.  

PubMed

Since the time of Plato, philosophers and educational policy-makers have assumed that the study of mathematics improves one's general 'thinking skills'. Today, this argument, known as the 'Theory of Formal Discipline' is used in policy debates to prioritize mathematics in school curricula. But there is no strong research evidence which justifies it. We tested the Theory of Formal Discipline by tracking the development of conditional reasoning behavior in students studying post-compulsory mathematics compared to post-compulsory English literature. In line with the Theory of Formal Discipline, the mathematics students did develop their conditional reasoning to a greater extent than the literature students, despite them having received no explicit tuition in conditional logic. However, this development appeared to be towards the so-called defective conditional understanding, rather than the logically normative material conditional understanding. We conclude by arguing that Plato may have been correct to claim that studying advanced mathematics is associated with the development of logical reasoning skills, but that the nature of this development may be more complex than previously thought. PMID:23869241

Attridge, Nina; Inglis, Matthew

2013-01-01

164

Advanced Mathematical Study and the Development of Conditional Reasoning Skills  

PubMed Central

Since the time of Plato, philosophers and educational policy-makers have assumed that the study of mathematics improves one's general ‘thinking skills’. Today, this argument, known as the ‘Theory of Formal Discipline’ is used in policy debates to prioritize mathematics in school curricula. But there is no strong research evidence which justifies it. We tested the Theory of Formal Discipline by tracking the development of conditional reasoning behavior in students studying post-compulsory mathematics compared to post-compulsory English literature. In line with the Theory of Formal Discipline, the mathematics students did develop their conditional reasoning to a greater extent than the literature students, despite them having received no explicit tuition in conditional logic. However, this development appeared to be towards the so-called defective conditional understanding, rather than the logically normative material conditional understanding. We conclude by arguing that Plato may have been correct to claim that studying advanced mathematics is associated with the development of logical reasoning skills, but that the nature of this development may be more complex than previously thought. PMID:23869241

Attridge, Nina; Inglis, Matthew

2013-01-01

165

The Influence of Observation Errors on Analysis Error and Forecast Skill Investigated with an Observing System Simulation Experiment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) observing system simulation experiment (OSSE) framework is used to explore the response of analysis error and forecast skill to observation quality. In an OSSE, synthetic observations may be created that have much smaller error than real observations, and precisely quantified error may be applied to these synthetic observations. Three experiments are performed in which synthetic observations with magnitudes of applied observation error that vary from zero to twice the estimated realistic error are ingested into the Goddard Earth Observing System Model (GEOS-5) with Gridpoint Statistical Interpolation (GSI) data assimilation for a one-month period representing July. The analysis increment and observation innovation are strongly impacted by observation error, with much larger variances for increased observation error. The analysis quality is degraded by increased observation error, but the change in root-mean-square error of the analysis state is small relative to the total analysis error. Surprisingly, in the 120 hour forecast increased observation error only yields a slight decline in forecast skill in the extratropics, and no discernable degradation of forecast skill in the tropics.

Prive, N. C.; Errico, R. M.; Tai, K.-S.

2013-01-01

166

The influence of observation errors on analysis error and forecast skill investigated with an observing system simulation experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (NASA/GMAO) observing system simulation experiment (OSSE) framework is used to explore the response of analysis error and forecast skill to observation quality. In an OSSE, synthetic observations may be created that have much smaller error than real observations, and precisely quantified error may be applied to these synthetic observations. Three experiments are performed in which synthetic observations with magnitudes of applied observation error that vary from zero to twice the estimated realistic error are ingested into the Goddard Earth Observing System Model (GEOS-5) with Gridpoint Statistical Interpolation (GSI) data assimilation for a 1 month period representing July. The analysis increment and observation innovation are strongly impacted by observation error, with much larger variances for increased observation error. The analysis quality is degraded by increased observation error, but the change in root-mean-square error of the analysis state is small relative to the total analysis error. Surprisingly, in the 120 h forecast, increased observation error only yields a slight decline in forecast skill in the extratropics and no discernible degradation of forecast skill in the tropics.

Privé, N. C.; Errico, R. M.; Tai, K.-S.

2013-06-01

167

The Effects of Two Instructional Models--Tactical and Skill Teaching--On Skill Development and Game Play, Knowledge, Self-Efficacy, and Student Perceptions in Volleyball  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the effects of Skill Teaching and Tactical approaches on skill development, game play, knowledge, and self-efficacy for 169 high- and low-skilled players of 182 beginning university Volleyball students. Three instructors each taught one Tactical and one Skill Teaching class two days a week for 16 weeks. A random coefficients…

Harrison, Joyce M.; Blakemore, Connie L.; Richards, Robert P.; Oliver, Jon; Wilkinson, Carol; Fellingham, Gilbert

2004-01-01

168

Autonomous maritime navigation: developing autonomy skill sets for USVs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many emerging UV (Unmanned Vehicle) cooperative control systems utilizing mission decomposition and generic UV management techniques are UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) oriented and transition well from model simulations to hardware due to the relative homogeneity of the air environment. Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USV's) and other ground borne vehicles, to function robustly, must have an additional onboard capacity to negotiate local environmental and indigenous operational factors in order to be commanded by a network, and this capacity is most easily delineated into Skill Sets. The Autonomous Maritime Navigation Program (AMN) is developing USV systems which target full intelligent autonomous operations and autonomy Skill Sets to allow USV's to perform unsupervised complex missions over extended time periods at the platform level with minimum human supervision. Importantly, this allows control systems developed for cooperating UV's to effectively control USV's by enabling local platform issues decision making at the platform level. Using a 40 foot laboratory boat, advanced on-board control, sensing, data fusion, physical plant and payload monitoring and management are being adapted and integrated as a system to replace traditional human crew functions. This paper discusses a path to achieve the goal of full USV autonomy equipped with skills to self manage, survive and navigate, and progress being made with enabling technology pieces. Initiatives and partnerships have been formed with academia, industry, and other DoD laboratories to these ends in both independent and collaborative RDT&E projects. Discussion includes ongoing work in sensing, data fusion, dynamic mission planning, execution and boat operations, and integration to JAUS/TCS control protocols.

Hansen, Eric; Huntsberger, Terry; Elkins, Les

2006-05-01

169

Early Numerical Development and the Role of Non-Symbolic and Symbolic Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For learning math, non-symbolic quantity skills, symbolic skills and the mapping between number symbols and non-symbolic quantities are all important precursors. Little is known, however, about the interrelated development of these skills. The current study focuses on numerical development by: (a) investigating the structure of non-symbolic,…

Kolkman, Meijke E.; Kroesbergen, Evelyn H.; Leseman, Paul P. M.

2013-01-01

170

Non-Technical Skills in Undergraduate Degrees in Business: Development and Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of discipline-specific skills and knowledge is no longer considered sufficient in graduates of Bachelor level degrees in Business. Higher education providers are becoming increasingly responsible for the development of a generic skill set deemed essential in undergraduates. This required skill set comprises a broad range of…

Jackson, Denise; Hancock, Phil

2010-01-01

171

Development of Young Adults' Fine Motor Skills when Learning to Play Percussion Instruments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When playing percussion instruments, the main activity is done with the help of a motion or motor skills; to perform it, developed fine motor skills are necessary: the speed and precision of fingers, hands and palms. The aim of the research was to study and test the development of young adults' fine motor skills while learning to play percussion…

Gzibovskis, Talis; Marnauza, Mara

2012-01-01

172

Development of a Notational Analysis System for Selected Soccer Skills of a Women's College Team  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to develop a notational system to evaluate passing, dribbling, first touch, and individual defensive skills as they relate to success during women's soccer games and to develop a statistical model to weigh the importance of each skill on creating scoring opportunities. Sequences of skills in ten games of a National…

Thomas, Camille; Fellingham, Gilbert; Vehrs, Pat

2009-01-01

173

Professional Skills Development in a Resource-Poor Setting: The Case of Pharmacy in Malawi  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dominance of the human capital approach in vocational skills development has been increasingly questioned for being de-humanised and de-contextualised. Contrary to this trend, the discourse in health professional skills development has shown increasing enthusiasm for consolidating this existing paradigm. To debate whether professional skills…

Lim, Zoe; Anderson, C.; McGrath, S.

2012-01-01

174

Role of Early Parenting and Motor Skills on Development in Children with Spina Bifida  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of parenting and motor skills on the development of cognitive, language, and daily living skills was examined in 165 children (91 with spina bifida, SB), from 6-36 months of age. Motor scores significantly influenced cognitive, language, and daily living skills. Higher quality parenting was associated with higher levels of development…

Lomax-Bream, Laura E.; Taylor, Heather B.; Landry, Susan H.; Barnes, Marcia A.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Swank, Paul

2007-01-01

175

Skill-Based Development of Entrepreneurs and the Role of Personal and Peer Group Coaching in Enterprise Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that skill building lies at the heart of entrepreneurs' success, and it seeks to begin the process of understanding how skills can best be developed. The authors begin with a discussion of skill building and why it must be the focus of productive enterprise development efforts. They then examine a unique enterprise development program in central Appalachia

Nailya Kutzhanova; Thomas S. Lyons; Gregg A. Lichtenstein

2009-01-01

176

Workforce Skills Development and Engagement in Training through Skill Sets. NCVER Monograph Series 11/2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been some debate over whether skill sets have the capacity to be part of a more flexible skilling solution, one in which vocational education and training (VET) in Australia is enhanced. This proposition is explored using a case study of agrifood students who were enrolled in TAFE NSW Statement of Attainment in Rural Production Studies…

Mills, John; Crean, David; Ranshaw, Danielle; Bowman, Kaye

2012-01-01

177

Use of Digital Video to Assess Orientation and Mobility Observational Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the observational skills in orientation and mobility (O&M) of nine university students and nine certified O&M specialists using a digital video assessment. The students differed from the O&M specialists in their stylistic observations and the details of their responses. Implications for the improvement of video assessments are…

Zebehazy, Kim T.; Zimmerman, George J.; Fox, Lynn A.

2005-01-01

178

Transferable Skills Training for Researchers: Supporting Career Development and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers are embarking on increasingly diverse careers where collaboration, networking and interdisciplinarity are becoming more important. Transferable skills (e.g. communication skills and problem-solving abilities) can help researchers operate more effectively in different work environments. While researchers acquire some of these skills in…

OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2012

2012-01-01

179

Reading Skill Development: A Survey of Need and Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: According to research, adolescent reading skills tend to be poor, and increased pressure from Federal legislation has been placed on educators to improve these skills. Research lacks on business teacher educators' preparation to provide reading skill instruction. Purpose: The research purpose was to better understand the perceptions of…

Polkinghorne, Frederick W.; Hagler, Barbara; Anderson, Marcia

2010-01-01

180

Neurophysiological indices of strategy development and skill acquisition.  

PubMed

In order to examine neurophysiological changes associated with the development of cognitive and visuomotor strategies and skills, spectral features of the EEG were measured as participants learned to perform new tasks. In one experiment eight individuals practiced working memory tasks that required development of either spatial or verbal rehearsal and updating strategies. In a second experiment six individuals practiced a video game with a difficult visuomotor tracking component. The alpha rhythm, which is attenuated by functional cortical activation, was affected by task practice. In both experiments, a lower-frequency, centrally distributed alpha component increased between practice sessions in a task-independent fashion, reflecting an overall decrease in the extent of cortical activation after practice. A second, higher-frequency, posterior component of the alpha rhythm displayed task-specific practice effects. Practice in the verbal working memory task resulted in an increase of this signal over right posterior regions, an effect not seen after practice with the spatial working memory task or with the video game. This between-task difference presumably reflects a continued involvement of the posterior region of the right hemisphere in tasks that invoke visuospatial processes. This finding thus provides neurophysiological evidence for the formation of a task-specific neurocognitive strategy. In the second experiment a third component of the alpha rhythm, localized over somatomotor cortex, was enhanced in conjunction with acquisition of tracking skill. These alpha band results suggest that cortical regions not necessary for task performance become less active as skills develop. In both experiments the frontal midline (Fm) theta rhythm also displayed increases over the course of test sessions. This signal is associated with states of focused concentration, and its enhancement might reflect the conscious control over attention associated with maintenance of a task-appropriate mental set. Overall, the results suggest that the EEG can be used to monitor practice-related changes in the patterns of cortical activity that are associated with task processing. Additionally, these results highlight the importance of ensuring that subjects have developed stable strategies for performance before drawing inferences about the functional architecture underlying specific cognitive processes. PMID:9838200

Smith, M E; McEvoy, L K; Gevins, A

1999-01-01

181

Mathematics Professional Development: Critical Features for Developing Leadership Skills and Building Teachers' Capacity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on three features of professional development (PD) programs that play an important role in developing leadership skills and building teachers' capacity: (1) fostering a professional learning community, (2) developing teachers' mathematical knowledge for teaching, and (3) adapting PD to support local needs and interests. We…

Koellner, Karen; Jacobs, Jennifer; Borko, Hilda

2011-01-01

182

Engaging the Audience: Developing Presentation Skills in Science Students  

PubMed Central

This article describes a graduate class in presentation skills (“PClass”) as a model for how a class with similar objectives, expectations and culture might be mounted for undergraduates. The required class is given for students in neuroscience and physiology programs at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; I describe the class in the years I led it, from 2003–2012. The class structure centered on peer rehearsal, critiquing of PowerPoint, and chalk talks by the students; video-recording of student talks for later review by the student with the instructor; and presentation of polished talks in a formal setting. A different faculty visitor to the class each week gave the students a variety of perspectives. The students also gained insight into their own evolving skills by discussing the strengths and weaknesses of seminars given by visitors to the campus. A unique feature of the class was collaboration with a professional actor from the University’s Department of Dramatic Arts, who helped the students develop techniques for keeping the attention of an audience, for speaking with confidence, and for controlling nervousness. The undergraduate campus would be expected to lend itself to this sort of interdisciplinary faculty cooperation. In addition, students worked on becoming adept at designing and presenting posters, introducing speakers graciously and taking charge of the speaker’s question session, and speaking to a lay audience. PMID:24319389

Stuart, Ann E.

2013-01-01

183

The development of attention skills in action video game players  

PubMed Central

Previous research suggests that action video game play improves attentional resources, allowing gamers to better allocate their attention across both space and time. In order to further characterize the plastic changes resulting from playing these video games, we administered the Attentional Network Test (ANT) to action game players and non-playing controls aged between 7 and 22 years. By employing a mixture of cues and flankers, the ANT provides measures of how well attention is allocated to targets as a function of alerting and orienting cues, and to what extent observers are able to filter out the influence of task irrelevant information flanking those targets. The data suggest that action video game players of all ages have enhanced attentional skills that allow them to make faster correct responses to targets, and leaves additional processing resources that spill over to process distractors flanking the targets. PMID:19428410

Dye, M.W.G.; Green, C.S.; Bavelier, D.

2009-01-01

184

A Coordinated Approach to Curricular Review and Development in Undergraduate Geoscience Programs: Using a Matrix to Identify and Track Skills and Skill Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One approach to curriculum review and development is to construct a matrix of the desired skills versus courses in the departmental curriculum. The matrix approach requires faculty to articulate their goals, identify specific skills, and assess where in the curriculum students will learn and practice these skills and where there are major skills gaps. Faculty members in the Geology Department at Carleton College developed a matrix of skills covered in geology courses with the following objectives: 1) Geology majors should begin their "senior integrative exercise" having practiced multiple times all of the formal steps in the research process (recognizing problems, writing proposals, carrying out a project, reporting a project in several ways); 2) Geology majors should learn and practice a variety of professional and life skills life (e.g. computer skills, field skills, lab skills, and interpretive skills).The matrix was used to identify where in the curriculum various research methods and skills were addressed and to map potential student experiences to the objectives. In Carleton's non-hierarchical curriculum, the matrix was used to verify that students have many opportunities to practice research and life skills regardless of the path they take to completion of the major. In William and Mary's more structured curriculum, the matrix was used to ensure that skills build upon each other from course to course. Faculty members in the Geology Department at the College of William and Mary first used this approach to focus on teaching quantitative skills across the geology curriculum, and later used it in terms of teaching research, communication, and information literacy skills. After articulating goals and skills, faculty members in both departments developed more specific skill lists within each category of skills, then described the current assignments and activities in each course relative to the specific components of the matrix and discussed whether to add assignment or activities. We have found that much conversation among faculty and change within courses happens simply as a result of compiling the matrix. One effect of the use of the matrix is that faculty in the department know fairly specifically what skills students are learning and practicing in their other geology courses. Moreover, some faculty members are better suited by background or inclination to teach certain sets of skills. This coordinated approach avoids unnecessary duplication and allows faculty to build on skills and topics developed in previous courses. The matrix can also be used as a planning tool to identify gaps in the curriculum. In our experience, the skills matrix is a powerful organizational and communication tool. The skills matrix is a representation of what the department believes actually happens in the curriculum. Thus, development of a skills matrix provides a basis for departmental discussions of student learning goals and objectives as well as for describing the existing curriculum. The matrix is also a graphic representation, to college administrators and outside evaluators, of the "intentionality" of an entire curriculum, going beyond single courses and their syllabi. It can be used effectively to engage administration in discussions of departmental planning and needs analysis.

MacDonald, R.; Savina, M. E.

2003-12-01

185

Developing Speaking Skills of Adult Learners in Private Universities in Bangladesh: Problems and Solutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The globalisation of English and a growing demand for good English-speaking skills in the job market in particular have been placing a greater emphasis on the teaching of English speaking skills in Bangladesh. The private universities emphasise developing English skills. It seems that students of public and private universities have the same level…

Farooqui, Sabrin

2007-01-01

186

Developing Literary Reading Skills through Creative Writing in German as a Second Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literary reading skills in a second language (L2) are essential for student success at the advanced levels of collegiate language instruction. This article introduces an instructional approach that fosters the development of L2 literary reading skills through creative writing activities. First, the article identifies those skills that language…

Urlaub, Per

2011-01-01

187

Understanding Writing Problems in Young Children: Contributions of Cognitive Skills to the Development of Written Expression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While several models of adult writing have been proposed and studied, the development of writing skills in young children has only recently garnered attention. Using measures of fine-motor, language, working memory, and attention/executive functions, the current study explored motor and cognitive skills that may contribute to writing skill in…

Childress, Amy

2011-01-01

188

Development of Reaching and Grasping Skills in Infants with Down Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reaching and grasping skills have been described to emerge from a dynamic interaction between intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The aims of the study were to investigate the effect of such intrinsic factors as age and Down syndrome on the development of reaching and grasping skills and on overall gross motor skill, and to test the influence of the…

de Campos, Ana Carolina; Rocha, Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira; Savelsbergh, Geert J. P.

2010-01-01

189

Skills Development for the Knowledge Economy in Asia: Some Conclusions from the OECD Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of a knowledge-based economy relies greatly on developing the skills and education needed for inclusive and sustainable development so that growth will reach all parts of the society. Addressing skills development for all is challenging for all OECD countries; Asian economies are working towards developing integrated pathways of…

Martinez-Fernandez, Cristina; Weyman, Tamara

2014-01-01

190

Action Observation and Acquired Motor Skills: An fMRI Study with Expert Dancers  

Microsoft Academic Search

When we observe someone performing an action, do our brains simulate making that action? Acquired motor skills offer a unique way to test this question, since people differ widely in the actions they have learned to perform. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to study differences in brain activity between watching an action that one has learned to do and

B. Calvo-Merino; D. E. Glaser; J. Grezes; R. E. Passingham

2005-01-01

191

Critical thinking: the development of an essential skill for nursing students.  

PubMed

Critical thinking is defined as the mental process of actively and skillfully perception, analysis, synthesis and evaluation of collected information through observation, experience and communication that leads to a decision for action. In nursing education there is frequent reference to critical thinking and to the significance that it has in daily clinical nursing practice. Nursing clinical instructors know that students face difficulties in making decisions related to clinical practice. The main critical thinking skills in which nursing students should be exercised during their studies are critical analysis, introductory and concluding justification, valid conclusion, distinguish of facts and opinions, evaluation the credibility of information sources, clarification of concepts and recognition of conditions. Specific behaviors are essentials for enhancing critical thinking. Nursing students in order to learn and apply critical thinking should develop independence of thought, fairness, perspicacity in personal and social level, humility, spiritual courage, integrity, perseverance, self-confidence, interest for research and curiosity. Critical thinking is an essential process for the safe, efficient and skillful nursing practice. The nursing education programs should adopt attitudes that promote critical thinking and mobilize the skills of critical reasoning. PMID:25395733

Papathanasiou, Ioanna V; Kleisiaris, Christos F; Fradelos, Evangelos C; Kakou, Katerina; Kourkouta, Lambrini

2014-08-01

192

Critical Thinking: The Development of an Essential Skill for Nursing Students  

PubMed Central

Critical thinking is defined as the mental process of actively and skillfully perception, analysis, synthesis and evaluation of collected information through observation, experience and communication that leads to a decision for action. In nursing education there is frequent reference to critical thinking and to the significance that it has in daily clinical nursing practice. Nursing clinical instructors know that students face difficulties in making decisions related to clinical practice. The main critical thinking skills in which nursing students should be exercised during their studies are critical analysis, introductory and concluding justification, valid conclusion, distinguish of facts and opinions, evaluation the credibility of information sources, clarification of concepts and recognition of conditions. Specific behaviors are essentials for enhancing critical thinking. Nursing students in order to learn and apply critical thinking should develop independence of thought, fairness, perspicacity in personal and social level, humility, spiritual courage, integrity, perseverance, self-confidence, interest for research and curiosity. Critical thinking is an essential process for the safe, efficient and skillful nursing practice. The nursing education programs should adopt attitudes that promote critical thinking and mobilize the skills of critical reasoning. PMID:25395733

Papathanasiou, Ioanna V.; Kleisiaris, Christos F.; Fradelos, Evangelos C.; Kakou, Katerina; Kourkouta, Lambrini

2014-01-01

193

Development of Auditory-Vocal Perceptual Skills in Songbirds  

PubMed Central

Songbirds are one of the few groups of animals that learn the sounds used for vocal communication during development. Like humans, songbirds memorize vocal sounds based on auditory experience with vocalizations of adult “tutors”, and then use auditory feedback of self-produced vocalizations to gradually match their motor output to the memory of tutor sounds. In humans, investigations of early vocal learning have focused mainly on perceptual skills of infants, whereas studies of songbirds have focused on measures of vocal production. In order to fully exploit songbirds as a model for human speech, understand the neural basis of learned vocal behavior, and investigate links between vocal perception and production, studies of songbirds must examine both behavioral measures of perception and neural measures of discrimination during development. Here we used behavioral and electrophysiological assays of the ability of songbirds to distinguish vocal calls of varying frequencies at different stages of vocal learning. The results show that neural tuning in auditory cortex mirrors behavioral improvements in the ability to make perceptual distinctions of vocal calls as birds are engaged in vocal learning. Thus, separate measures of neural discrimination and behavioral perception yielded highly similar trends during the course of vocal development. The timing of this improvement in the ability to distinguish vocal sounds correlates with our previous work showing substantial refinement of axonal connectivity in cortico-basal ganglia pathways necessary for vocal learning. PMID:23285011

Miller-Sims, Vanessa C.; Bottjer, Sarah W.

2012-01-01

194

Advanced skills required for engineering leaders in global product development  

E-print Network

Observations from first hand experience on the Boeing 787 Program during development of perhaps the most important and exciting new commercial airplane in recent history has identified opportunities to enhance the global ...

Ayubi, Harry H

2011-01-01

195

Reading Skills Development: Objectives and Activities. Handbook II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this handbook, designed as part of the Right to Read Program in Hampton, Virginia, were to provide the middle grade teacher with both a progressive reading skills objectives list with a suggested management system for using these skills in classroom reading instruction and a list of activities which can be used in teacher-directed…

Hampton City School Board, VA.

196

Developing Skills for Effective Academic Presentations in EAP  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on training students in skills essential to making oral presentations based on original and independent research work as part of their English for Academic Purposes (EAP) course. As a result of the training, students showed an increase in the successful use of research-related skills and a great improvement in their ability to…

Bankowski, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

197

Educational Strategies and Communication Skill Development in Dietetics  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: Dietetics Students Gain Confidence and Skills to Communicate Nutrition.Skills to educate and to communicate with clients, employees, peers, and the media have become increasingly important for the dietitian. Dietitians work side by side with professional educators and professionals in communications. To present themselves as peer professionals requires communication strengths. A course in the dietetics curriculum, Communications Techniques in

K. S. Jamesen

1996-01-01

198

Developing Core Skills--Lessons from Germany and Sweden.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comparison of core skills efforts in Germany and Sweden shows that both use vocational training to foster core skills and key competencies, but they try to integrate it with existing structures rather than make radical long-term changes. Employers play a crucial role but need substantial incentives. (SK)

Gibbons-Wood, David; Lange, Thomas

2000-01-01

199

Development and Evaluation of a Technology Integrated Social Skills Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social skills in the United States are in serious decline. This decline is seen and heard on television, in movies, in magazines, on radio programs, on the streets, and in the schools. Worcester Preparatory School is alarmed by the decline of social skills. Students at Worcester have increasingly shown difficulty in social interactions. The…

Bunting, Tia Wheatley

2009-01-01

200

Developing Dialogic Argumentation Skills: A 3-Year Intervention Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argumentation is increasingly recognized as a fundamental intellectual skill, but evidence suggests that few adolescents or adults are skilled arguers. This article reports on an extended (3-year, twice weekly) intervention designed to afford dense practice in dialogic argumentation to middle-school students from traditionally academically…

Crowell, Amanda; Kuhn, Deanna

2014-01-01

201

Checklist of Coping Skills: An Early Childhood Special Education Observation Schedule.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a checklist developed by the Austin Early Childhood Special Education Program to help teachers evaluate children's classroom behavior and coping skills. It is explained that results of the checklist should provide information on such factors as possible underlying problems experienced by a student, situations in which a student…

Becker, Ruth W.

202

Infrastructure for Machine Understanding of Video Observations in Skilled Care Facilities Implications  

E-print Network

Hauptmann, Datong Chen, Jie Yang Carnegie Mellon University, School of Computer Science Pittsburgh and analyzes a continuous audio and video record of behavior and activity in a skilled nursing facility, combined with the development of new approaches and algorithms, we describe a radically improved

Wactlar, Howard D.

203

Evaluating Skill Acquisition in Motivational Interviewing: The Development of an Instrument To Measure Practice Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research identifies substance abuse intervention competencies using Motivational Interviewing that can be used to teach and evaluate social work students. The study established a set of skills related to Motivational Interviewing; designed a graduate social work class to teach the model; and used the instrument to rate interviewers. Results…

Barsky, Allan; Coleman, Heather

2001-01-01

204

Investigating the Impact on Skill Development of an Undergraduate Scientific Research Skills Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the design and subsequent impact of a scientific research skills course. Student understanding of the university research environment, their confidence in finding and using scientific literature and in scientific writing and presentation pre- and post-course was investigated. The findings suggested that understanding of the research environment and research process which was poor pre-course, improved after its completion.

Kay H Yeoman; Barbara Zamorski

2008-01-01

205

Tried and True: Thinking spatially--taking observation, classification, and communication skills to a higher level of reasoning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

When students classify, they embark on observing and identifying the properties of the object, and then they categorize, sort, group, organize, arrange, or grade objects into smaller and similar clusters or divisions. Therefore, observing and classifying are fundamental skills for comparing and contrasting material objects. In addition, observing and classifying are skill-based stepping stones to helping students to think spatially. The following discussion focuses on three questions: (1) What is spatial thinking? (2) How do spatial-thinking skills apply to everyday problems and situations? and (3) How do spatial-thinking skills integrate into the science curriculum?

Douglas Llewellyn

2009-02-01

206

An innovative model for developing critical thinking skills through mathematical education  

E-print Network

19 An innovative model for developing critical thinking skills through mathematical education Einav to develop advanced thinking skills such as critical systematic thinking, decision making and problem solving. This challenge requires developing critical thinking abilities which are essential in unfamiliar situations

Spagnolo, Filippo

207

Introduction--Improving Skills Development for Employability in an Ever-Changing World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article provides an overview of the global economic landscape in which the contemporary skills development discourse is located. Effective skills development oriented to market needs and to competitiveness in high-value global value chains will help developing economies to avoid the middle income trap. It outlines major issues and challenges…

Maclean, Rupert; Jagannathan, Shanti

2014-01-01

208

Development of an Instrument to Measure Student Use of Academic Success Skills: An Exploratory Factor Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development of the Student Engagement in School Success Skills instrument including item development and exploratory factor analysis. The instrument was developed to measure student use of the skills and strategies identified as most critical for long-term school success that are typically taught by school counselors.

Carey, John; Brigman, Greg; Webb, Linda; Villares, Elizabeth; Harrington, Karen

2014-01-01

209

Software development engineer in Microsoft. A subjective view of soft skills required  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a position statement. There are important requirements on software development engineers that go beyond the normal academic qualifications and technical skills, and which quite often receive a lower priority in education and training. Some of the soft skills that are listed in the job descriptions for software development engineers at Microsoft are: change management; self-development; composure and

M. Orsted

2000-01-01

210

"Second Generation" E-Learning: Characteristics and Design Principles for Supporting Management Soft-Skills Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article develops the concept of "second generation" e-learning as a new paradigm for thinking about online learning. Whereas "first generation" approaches have been effective for developing technical skills, the same approach has not proven effective for developing management soft-skills (e.g., in the field of leadership education). The…

Adams, Jean; Morgan, Gareth

2007-01-01

211

Letter knowledge, phonological processing, and print knowledge: skill development in nonreading preschool children.  

PubMed

Development of reading skills was examined in 4-year-old children from low-income homes attending a prekindergarten program. Fall to spring gains in letter identification were examined and compared with skills in phonological processing, rhyme detection, and environmental print, and with performance on a screening tool (Get Ready to Read). It was anticipated that participants might show slow skill development. However, the identification of a large group of children (n = 30) who made little or no gains in letter identification compared to their classmates (n = 27), whose gains averaged 7 letters, was not anticipated. Fall to spring gains in letter identification correlated with phonological processing, rhyme detection, environmental print, and Get Ready to Read! scores. Age and general cognitive skills influenced performance on some tasks. More knowledge of the characteristics of children who show the most variations in skill development may lead to insights on using classroom curriculum to focus on skill development. PMID:16895155

Molfese, Victoria J; Modglin, Arlene A; Beswick, Jennifer L; Neamon, Jessica D; Berg, Shelby A; Berg, C Jeffrey; Molnar, Andrew

2006-01-01

212

Development of the Counselor Response Observation System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to validate the measures included in the Counselor Response Observation System. The Counselor Response Observation System consists of the Counselor Response Coding System and the Skilled Verbal Responding Scale. Detailed results of their validity and reliability are presented.

Rantanen, Antti P.; Soini, Hannu S.

2013-01-01

213

Progress in Mastery of Counseling Communication Skills: Development and Evaluation of a New Instrument for the Assessment of Counseling Communication Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the development and evaluation of a new instrument for the assessment of oral counseling communication skills, the Communication Skills Progress Test (CSPT). The first aim of this study was to investigate the reliability, dimensionality, and discriminant power of the CSPT. The second aim was to examine whether trainees show progress in their mastery of counseling communication skills

Jeroen Kuntze; Henk T. van der Molen; Marise Ph. Born

2007-01-01

214

Assessing Video Games to Improve Driving Skills: A Literature Review and Observational Study  

PubMed Central

Background For individuals, especially older adults, playing video games is a promising tool for improving their driving skills. The ease of use, wide availability, and interactivity of gaming consoles make them an attractive simulation tool. Objective The objective of this study was to look at the feasibility and effects of installing video game consoles in the homes of individuals looking to improve their driving skills. Methods A systematic literature review was conducted to assess the effect of playing video games on improving driving skills. An observatory study was performed to evaluate the feasibility of using an Xbox 360 Kinect console for improving driving skills. Results Twenty–nine articles, which discuss the implementation of video games in improving driving skills were found in literature. On our study, it was found the Xbox 360 with Kinect is capable of improving physical and mental activities. Xbox Video games were introduced to engage players in physical, visual and cognitive activities including endurance, postural sway, reaction time, eyesight, eye movement, attention and concentration, difficulties with orientation, and semantic fluency. However, manual dexterity, visuo-spatial perception and binocular vision could not be addressed by these games. It was observed that Xbox Kinect (by incorporating Kinect sensor facilities) combines physical, visual and cognitive engagement of players. These results were consistent with those from the literature review. Conclusions From the research that has been carried out, we can conclude that video game consoles are a viable solution for improving user’s physical and mental state. In future we propose to carry a thorough evaluation of the effects of video games on driving skills in elderly people. PMID:25654355

Sue, Damian; Vichitvanichphong, Suchada

2014-01-01

215

A Collaborative Model for Developing Classroom Management Skills in Urban Professional Development School Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a school-university partnership that focuses on the development of classroom management skills for preservice teachers in an urban setting, through collaboration between mentors, principals, and a university supervisor. To prepare preservice teachers for the unique challenges of urban schools, three key elements were…

Dobler, Elizabeth; Kesner, Cathy; Kramer, Rebecca; Resnik, Marilyn; Devin, Libby

2009-01-01

216

Language Development and Learning to Read: The Scientific Study of How Language Development Affects Reading Skill  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on reading has tried, and failed, to account for wide disparities in reading skill even among children taught by the same method. Why do some children learn to read easily and quickly while others, in the same classroom and taught by the same teacher, don't learn to read at all? In "Language Development and Learning to Read", Diane…

McGuinness, Diane

2005-01-01

217

Analysis of Student Service-Learning Reflections for the Assessment of Transferable-Skills Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The civil and environmental engineering (CEE) programs at the University of Vermont (UVM) incorporate systems thinking and a systems approach to sustainable engineering problem solving. A systems approach considers long-term social, environmental and economic factors within the context of the engineering problem solution and encompasses sustainable engineering solutions. Our goal is to prepare students to become leaders in their chosen field who can anticipate co-products associated with forecasted solutions. As a way of practicing the systems approach, we include service-learning projects in many of our undergraduate engineering courses, culminating with the senior capstone design course. We use a variety of formative and summative assessment methods to gage student understanding and attitudes including student surveys, focus groups, assessment of student projects, and student reflections. Student reflections from two courses -Modeling Environmental and Transportation Systems (31 juniors) and Senior Design Project (30 seniors) are compared. Of these, 25 students were common to both courses. The focus of the systems modeling service-learning project involved mentoring home-schooled children (11-14 yrs old) to solve problems of mobility, using the fun and inspiration of biomimicry. Students were required to invent innovative methods to move people or goods that improve associated constraints (i.e., minimize congestion, reduce pollution, increase safety), or reduce the need for transportation altogether. The capstone design project required a comprehensive engineering design involving two or more CEE sub-disciplines. Both service-learning projects were intended to enhance students’ academic learning experience, attain civic engagement and reinforce transferable skills (written and oral communication, teamwork, leadership and mentoring skills). The student course reflections were not guided; yet they provided valuable data to assess commonalities and differences in student attitudes toward their service-learning projects, specifically, the development of transferable skills. In the spirit of service-learning pedagogy, we divide the contents of students’ written reflections into three categories - academic enhancement, civic engagement and personal growth skills. The commonalities focused mostly on civic engagement. Differences are observed primarily in academic enhancement and personal growth categories. Students working on the biomimicry design project reflected on personal growth (e.g. leadership skills, mentoring, creativity, organizational skills, communication to nontechnical audience), but did not credit it with academic enhancement. In contrast, the senior design reflections concentrated on academics, specifically, students appreciated the enhancement of technical skills as a part of their engineering experience.

Rizzo, D. M.; Dewoolkar, M.; Hayden, N.; Oka, L.; Pearce, A. R.

2010-12-01

218

Development of a complex intervention to improve health literacy skills  

PubMed Central

Background Providing insight into the developmental processes involved in building interventions is an important way to ensure methodological transparency and inform future research efforts. The objective of this study was to describe the development of a web portal designed to improve health literacy skills among the public. Methods The web portal was tailored to address three key barriers to obtaining information, using the conceptual frameworks of shared decision-making and evidence-based practice and based on explicit criteria for selecting the content and form of the intervention. Results The web portal targeted the general public and took the form of structured sets of tools. Content included: an introduction to research methods, help on how to find evidence-based health information efficiently based on the steps of evidence-based practice, an introduction to critical appraisal, information about patient participation rights in decision-making, and a decision aid for consultations. Conclusions The web portal was designed in a systematic and transparent way and address key barriers to obtaining and acting upon reliable health information. The web portal provides open access to the tools and can be used independently by health care users, or during consultations with health professionals. PMID:24251890

Austvoll-Dahlgren, Astrid; Danielsen, Stein; Opheim, Elin; Bjørndal, Arild; Reinar, Liv Merete; Flottorp, Signe; Oxman, Andrew David; Helseth, Sølvi

2013-01-01

219

Peer Teaching as a Motivating Factor in Developing Communicative Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An English language program at Catholic University of Sao Paulo, Brazil has sought to increase student motivation for learning communicative skills by having fourth-year students work with first year students either individually or in small groups. (SW)

Celani, M. A. A.

1979-01-01

220

Developing an Immunity to Sophomoric Plagiarism: Notetaking Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommends adding formal training in note taking to the high school English curriculum to help students master the skills of abstracting major ideas from texts, summarizing facts, and paraphrasing materials. Suggests an approach to note taking. (RBW)

Vargas, Marjorie Fink

1985-01-01

221

Identifying the Benefits of Observational Practice in the Acquisition of a Novel Coordination Skill  

E-print Network

on the perceptual evaluation of the trained and similar untrained actions (Maslovat et al., 2010b). Research has shown that production capabilities (expert versus non-expert) influence the perception of action in skills such as dancing (Calvo- Merino, Glaser..., Grèzes, Passingham, & Haggard, 2005; Calvo-Merino, Grèzes, Glaser, Passingham, & Haggard, 2006). One goal of this research is to reveal how observational training influences both production capabilities and perceptual evaluation processes. Extensive...

Park, Inchon

2014-08-14

222

Language Skills, Peer Rejection, and the Development of Externalizing Behavior from Kindergarten to Fourth Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Children with poorer language skills are more likely to show externalizing behavior problems, as well as to become rejected by their peers. Peer rejection has also been found to affect the development of externalizing behavior. This study explored the role of peer rejection in the link between language skills and the development of…

Menting, Barbara; Van Lier, Pol A. C.; Koot, Hans M.

2011-01-01

223

A Curriculum Skills Matrix for Development and Assessment of Undergraduate Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Laboratory Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We have designed a skills matrix to be used for developing and assessing undergraduate biochemistry and molecular biology laboratory curricula. We prepared the skills matrix for the Project Kaleidoscope Summer Institute workshop in Snowbird, Utah (July 2001) to help current and developing undergraduate biochemistry and molecular biology program…

Caldwell, Benjamin; Rohlman, Christopher; Benore-Parsons, Marilee

2004-01-01

224

Influence of 4-H Horse Project Involvement on Development of Life Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four-H horse project members who competed in non-riding horse contests were surveyed to evaluate the influence of their horse project participation on life-skill development. Contests in which youth competed included Horse Bowl, Demonstrations, Public Speaking, and Art. Youth indicated a positive influence on both life-skill development and horse…

Anderson, K. P.; Karr-Lilienthal, L.

2011-01-01

225

The Correlation between Early Second Language Learning and Native Language Skill Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has long been the assumption of many in the field of second language teaching that learning a second language helps to promote and enhance native language skill development, and that this correlation is direct and positive. Language professionals have assumed that learning a second language directly supports the development of better skills

Caccavale, Terry

2007-01-01

226

Home and Preschool Learning Environments and Their Relations to the Development of Early Numeracy Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the influence of the quality of home and preschool learning environments on the development of early numeracy skills in Germany, drawing on a sample of 532 children in 97 preschools. Latent growth curve models were used to investigate early numeracy skills and their development from the first (average age: 3 years) to the third…

Anders, Yvonne; Rossbach, Hans-Gunther; Weinert, Sabine; Ebert, Susanne; Kuger, Susanne; Lehrl, Simone; von Maurice, Jutta

2012-01-01

227

Developing Young Children's Thinking Skills in Greek Early Childhood Classrooms: Curriculum and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In early childhood education, opportunities for developing children's thinking skills are unlimited. One of the most effective teaching strategies for this purpose is open-ended questioning. The study presented here aimed to explore the degree to which Greek early childhood teachers promote the development of thinking skills in their pupils.…

Birbili, Maria

2013-01-01

228

An Exploratory Investigation of Requisite Skills Needed by Developers of E-Commerce Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this exploratory study is to identify the skills needed by developers of Electronic Commerce (e-Commerce) systems. The paper proposes a framework pertaining to three categories of e-Commerce development knowledge: technical, human, and organizational. The initial findings reveal that there are some 16 possible e-Commerce skills tapping…

Aladwani, Adel M.

229

Limitation on the Development of Skills in Higher Education in Vietnam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the perceptions of higher education students, recent graduates and employers in Vietnam on the issue of skill development in the higher education system in Vietnam. Enhancing skill development is considered essential for students, not only to pursue their study, but also for their success later, at work and in life. The…

Tran, Thi Tuyet

2013-01-01

230

An Empirical Investigation of the Efficacy of Multimedia Instruction in Counseling Skill Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effects of multimedia instruction on students' counseling skill development. The participants were 73 beginning-level counselor education students. The results found that there was no statistically significant difference among the levels of students' counseling skill development across the 3 (high-tech multimedia, low-tech multimedia,…

Hayes, B. Grant; Taub, Gordon E.; Robinson, Edward H., III; Sivo, Stephen A.

2003-01-01

231

Structured Case Analysis: Developing Critical Thinking Skills in a Marketing Case Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Structured case analysis is a hybrid pedagogy that flexibly combines diverse instructional methods with comprehensive case analysis as a mechanism to develop critical thinking skills. An incremental learning framework is proposed that allows instructors to develop and monitor content-specific theory and the corresponding critical thinking skills

Klebba, Joanne M.; Hamilton, Janet G.

2007-01-01

232

Development of Sensor-Based Measures of Rifle Marksmanship Skill and Performance. CRESST Report 756  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measures of rifle marksmanship skill and performance were developed using a prototype instrumented laser-based training system. Measures of performance were derived from laser strikes on a video-projected target. Measures of rifle marksmanship skill--breath control, trigger control, and muzzle wobble--were developed from shooters' breathing and…

Espinosa, Paul D.; Nagashima, Sam O.; Chung, Gregory K. W. K.; Parks, Daniel; Baker, Eva L.

2009-01-01

233

Self-development of Counselling Micro-skills of a Self-access Counsellor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a self-access counsellor's attempt to develop the micro- skills of communication needed for self-access counselling by herself through reflection on her own experience and performance as a counsellor. She tried to find out whether it is possible to gain development in these skills by herself without formal training. The findings reveal that she could manage to

Jintana Suttanu

2001-01-01

234

Developing leadership skills in critical care nurses: a case scenario--part one.  

PubMed

During a recent CACCN board meeting, directors were challenged with developing an approach to a difficult case scenario. In a situation where inappropriate communication toward a new nurse was observed and reported directly to the charge nurse, participants identified that before responding, the charge nurse should seek out additional information to identify the problems causing the behaviour. Possible core problems included lack of clarity around the roles and responsibilities, plus the lack of training on preceptorship and the principles of effective communication. Solutions are proposed, along with associated strengths, weaknesses and barriers to implementation. In summary, nurses have much to gain from augmenting their leadership skills. PMID:16447529

Hynes, Patricia; Mintenko, Joy; Porchak, Tracy; Roy, Glenda

2005-01-01

235

Development of different forms of skill learning throughout the lifespan.  

PubMed

The acquisition of complex motor, cognitive, and social skills, like playing a musical instrument or mastering sports or a language, is generally associated with implicit skill learning (SL). Although it is a general view that SL is most effective in childhood, and such skills are best acquired if learning starts early, this idea has rarely been tested by systematic empirical studies on the developmental pathways of SL from childhood to old age. In this paper, we challenge the view that childhood and early school years are the prime time for skill learning by tracking age-related changes in performance in three different paradigms of SL. We collected data from participants between 7 and 87 years for (1) a Serial Reaction Time Task (SRT) testing the learning of motor sequences, (2) an Artificial Grammar Learning (AGL) task testing the extraction of regularities from auditory sequences, and (3) Probabilistic Category Learning in the Weather Prediction task (WP), a non-sequential categorization task. Results on all three tasks show that adolescence and adulthood are the most efficient periods for skill learning, since instead of becoming less and less effective with age, SL improves from childhood into adulthood and then later declines with aging. PMID:25039658

Lukács, Ágnes; Kemény, Ferenc

2015-03-01

236

Development and implementation of a comprehensive faculty development program in PBL core skills.  

PubMed

Large curricular changes associated with changes in teaching and learning methods should be accompanied by faculty development programs linked to the new pedagogy. This article describes a framework for the development and implementation of a program designed to assist faculty with the transition of the dental curriculum to a problem-based learning (PBL) pedagogy. A faculty committee created a PBL core skills program based on experiential, developmentally appropriate approaches that resulted in constructive and social learning opportunities for the faculty participants. Nearly 70 percent of faculty members have participated in the facilitation preparation workshops and contributed to the D.D.S. curriculum as small-group, inquiry-based learning facilitators. Faculty development programs geared toward acquisition of specific teaching skills and based on adult learning principles can be devised locally and result in increased participation in a new curriculum. PMID:16954416

Dalrymple, Kirsten R; Wuenschell, Carol; Shuler, Charles F

2006-09-01

237

ClassSearch: facilitating the development of web search skills through social learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore the use of social learning - improving knowledge skills by observing peer behavior - in the domain of Web search skill acquisition, focusing specifically on co-located classroom scenarios. Through a series of interviews, pilot studies, and classroom deployments, we conclude that a peripheral display of Web search activity within a classroom facilitates both social learning and teacher-led discourse.

Neema Moraveji; Meredith Ringel Morris; Daniel Morris; Mary Czerwinski; Nathalie Henry Riche

2011-01-01

238

Contributions of Precipitation and Soil Moisture Observations to the Skill of Soil Moisture Estimates in a Land Data Assimilation System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The contributions of precipitation and soil moisture observations to the skill of soil moisture estimates from a land data assimilation system are assessed. Relative to baseline estimates from the Modern Era Retrospective-analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA), the study investigates soil moisture skill derived from (i) model forcing corrections based on large-scale, gauge- and satellite-based precipitation observations and (ii) assimilation of surface soil moisture retrievals from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for the Earth Observing System (AMSR-E). Soil moisture skill is measured against in situ observations in the continental United States at 44 single-profile sites within the Soil Climate Analysis Network (SCAN) for which skillful AMSR-E retrievals are available and at four CalVal watersheds with high-quality distributed sensor networks that measure soil moisture at the scale of land model and satellite estimates. The average skill (in terms of the anomaly time series correlation coefficient R) of AMSR-E retrievals is R=0.39 versus SCAN and R=0.53 versus CalVal measurements. The skill of MERRA surface and root-zone soil moisture is R=0.42 and R=0.46, respectively, versus SCAN measurements, and MERRA surface moisture skill is R=0.56 versus CalVal measurements. Adding information from either precipitation observations or soil moisture retrievals increases surface soil moisture skill levels by IDDeltaR=0.06-0.08, and root zone soil moisture skill levels by DeltaR=0.05-0.07. Adding information from both sources increases surface soil moisture skill levels by DeltaR=0.13, and root zone soil moisture skill by DeltaR=0.11, demonstrating that precipitation corrections and assimilation of satellite soil moisture retrievals contribute similar and largely independent amounts of information.

Reichle, Rolf H.; Liu, Qing; Bindlish, Rajat; Cosh, Michael H.; Crow, Wade T.; deJeu, Richard; DeLannoy, Gabrielle J. M.; Huffman, George J.; Jackson, Thomas J.

2011-01-01

239

Music training for the development of reading skills.  

PubMed

The beneficial effects of musical training are not limited to enhancement of musical skills, but extend to language skills. Here, we review evidence that musical training can enhance reading ability. First, we discuss five subskills underlying reading acquisition-phonological awareness, speech-in-noise perception, rhythm perception, auditory working memory, and the ability to learn sound patterns-and show that each is linked to music experience. We link these five subskills through a unifying biological framework, positing that they share a reliance on auditory neural synchrony. After laying this theoretical groundwork for why musical training might be expected to enhance reading skills, we review the results of longitudinal studies providing evidence for a role for musical training in enhancing language abilities. Taken as a whole, these findings suggest that musical training can provide an effective developmental educational strategy for all children, including those with language learning impairments. PMID:24309256

Tierney, Adam; Kraus, Nina

2013-01-01

240

Session W2D Workshop- Assessing and Developing Critical Thinking Skills  

E-print Network

Abstract- Steps for Better Thinking, provides a useful conceptual framework for developmental learning as well as providing appropriate curricular strategies for helping students ’ transition from one stage to the next. Conceptually, students require the foundational skills or knowledge base necessary in order to successfully transition from one developmental level to the next. Further, this foundational knowledge or “scaffolding ” is required for all levels. Although conceptually simple enough to understand, intellectual development requires a systematic and purposeful approach to achieve the greatest developmental gains. In this workshop, participants will (1) clarify desired critical thinking outcomes, (2) discover how cognitive development affects critical thinking performance, (3) use cognitive patterns to assess critical thinking skills demonstrated in student essays, (4) use assessment results to identify student learning opportunities, and (5) take home tools for their own implementation. Index Terms – cognitive development, Steps for Better Thinking, workshop WORKSHOP OVERVIEW Much of the current work in developmental theory originated with William Perry [1] from studies of students at Harvard University in the early 1960s. Perry observed that two students with nearly identical intellectual capacity may in fact differ markedly in their ability to effectively solve problems and engage in intellectual discourse. Work by King and Kitchener [2] suggests that student developmental growth occurs when experiential learning opportunities require reflective observation and judgment in well-defined stages. A more recent model, Steps for Better Thinking [3], provides a useful conceptual framework for developmental learning (see Figure 1 below) as well as providing appropriate curricular strategies for helping students’ transition from one stage to the next. Conceptually, students require the foundational skills or knowledge base necessary in order to successfully transition from one developmental level to the next. Further, this foundational knowledge or “scaffolding ” is required for all levels.

Susan Wolcott; Jennifer Karlin

241

Seeing the forest and the trees: increasing nurse practitioner students' observational and mindfulness skills.  

PubMed

Accurate, objective observation is a critical component of clinical diagnosis and patient management, which in turn is essential for successful diagnostic reasoning by advanced practice nurses. The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to enhance nurse practitioner students' observation and reflective thinking skills using Looking Is Not Seeing, a reflective practice/experiential learning technique that uses art objects to teach observation (Pellico, Friedlaender, & Fennie, 2009). Students' posttest observation and interpretation scores showed statistically significant improvement over pretest scores. Students' mindfulness scores and their own perceived observational and interpretive ability were statistically significantly higher after participating in the study. Building on the established record of successful visual literacy programs for nursing and medical students at other institutions, this research can help educators implement the Looking Is Not Seeing pedagogy. PMID:24730194

Grossman, Sheila; Deupi, Jill; Leitao, Kathleen

2014-01-01

242

Measuring the Impacts of a Volunteer-Based Community Development Program in Developing Volunteers' Leadership Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the results of an evaluation of the impacts of a community development program to develop leadership skills in its adult volunteers. The evaluation featured 20 questions about leadership skills learned as a result of volunteer experiences. Data analysis strategies beyond a simple means ranking resulted in evidence…

Meier, Amy; Singletary, Loretta; Hill, George

2012-01-01

243

Development and Face Validation of Strategies for Improving Consultation Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While formative workplace based assessment can improve learners' skills, it often does not because the procedures used do not facilitate feedback which is sufficiently specific to scaffold improvement. Provision of pre-formulated strategies to address predicted learning needs has potential to improve the quality and automate the provision of…

Lefroy, Janet; Thomas, Adam; Harrison, Chris; Williams, Stephen; O'Mahony, Fidelma; Gay, Simon; Kinston, Ruth; McKinley, R. K.

2014-01-01

244

Developing Science Process Skills in Special Schools in South Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers were taught "Translation Activities" (TA) to teach science process skills in three special education schools in South Africa. In TA, information and data are provided as text, diagrams, tables, or graphs, and cooperative learning takes place. Teachers indicated the use of TA enabled them to deliver Outcomes Based Education. (Contains…

Johnson, Sally; Sadeck, Melanie; Hodges, Merle

2002-01-01

245

Developing a Taxonomy of Anesthetists' Nontechnical Skills (ANTS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Safety research in high-reliability industries, such as aviation, has clearly shown that the causes of accidents are primarily related to deficiencies in nontechnical (cognitive and social) skills, rather than a lack of technical expertise. Investigations into causes of error in anesthesia have revealed a similar pattern. The aviation industry uses behavioral marker systems to structure the training and assessment of

Rona Patey; Rhona Flin; Georgina Fletcher; Nicola Maran; Ronnie Glavin

246

Creative Thinking: Music Improvisational Skills Development among Elementary School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the music improvisational skill of students in grades 2, 4, and 6. Randomly selected participants from 3 elementary schools (N=60) were given one measure, the Vaughan Test of Musical Creativity; and two independent judges scored student responses. Rated dimensions were originality, rhythmic interest, and melodic interest. There were no significant gender differences

Mark T. Kiehn

247

Developing Skill-Analysis Competency in Physical Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the known relationship between physical inactivity and chronic disease (US Dept. of Health and Human Services [USDHHS], 2000, 2001), learning more about antecedents for physical activity engagement is an important research priority. In this vein, a number of studies have found a relationship between perceived and actual motor skill…

Lounsbery, Monica; Coker, Cheryl

2008-01-01

248

Computers and the Development of Design Decision Making Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of how to teach decision-making skills to undergraduate engineering design students highlights a computer-based decision support tool, WOMBAT (Weighted Objectives Method by Arguing with the Tutor). Changes in WOMBAT from an earlier version are described, and an example of dialog between a user and the system is included. (Contains 24…

Blandford, Ann; And Others

1994-01-01

249

Towards an Integrated Model for Developing Sustainable Assessment Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the goals of current education is to ensure that graduates can act as independent lifelong learners. Graduates need to be able to assess their own learning and interpret assessment results. The central question in this article is how to acquire sustainable assessment skills, enabling students to assess their performance and learning…

Fastre, Greet M. J.; van der Klink, Marcel R.; Sluijsmans, Dominique; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

2013-01-01

250

Moving Forward on a National Strategy for Developing Essential Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pan Canadian participatory action research project involved faculty and managers in twelve Canadian colleges and institutes, nine employers, and 1300 students and workers in examining exemplary practice in essential skills as a way of catalyzing system change. Multiple sources of data were used in the three year project and key findings…

Taylor, Maurice; Taschereau, Suzanne

2014-01-01

251

Early Math Interest and the Development of Math Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior models suggest that math attitudes and ability might strengthen each other over time in a reciprocal fashion (Ma, 1997). The current study investigated the relationship between math interest and skill both concurrently and over time in a preschool sample. Analyses of concurrent relationships indicated that high levels of interest were…

Fisher, Paige H.; Dobbs-Oates, Jennifer; Doctoroff, Greta L.; Arnold, David H.

2012-01-01

252

Developing Library and Research Skills for ESL Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Library use instruction designed specifically for limited-English-proficient (LEP) students is discussed briefly and library skill activities used with this population at Union County College (New Jersey) are described. It is noted that many students from other countries have had little or no exposure to libraries because of either limited…

Meng, Lynn Whitnall; Meng, Mark

253

Skills developed through library and information science education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report a study designed to identify qualifications and skills that library and information science (LIS) students should have when they graduate. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The reported research examines the curriculum of 49 institutions in three countries which offer programs in LIS. Course descriptions are studied through the web and the module specifications

Michalis Gerolimos

2009-01-01

254

The Intersection between Soft Skill Development and Leadership Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship of soft skills gained to the amount of leadership education completed by graduates from the Department of Leadership studies at a Midwestern regional university. Those who received no leadership education were compared with those who received a leadership certificate and those who received a bachelor's degree…

Brungardt, Christie

2011-01-01

255

Introducing Professional and Career Development Skills in the Marketing Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to recent studies in academic journals, business practitioners have expressed the view that marketing graduates lack certain professional and career skills. In addition, informal discussions with campus recruiters have suggested that their experience is very similar. This exploratory study reports the results of a survey of the…

Kelley, Craig A.; Bridges, Claudia

2005-01-01

256

Developing reading skills of primary children in government school  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the children go to school it is very important to them to learn reading and writing. Their classroom activities come under these two skills. The children working on some projects have to accomplish their work by reading books. Though reading is emphasized more but unfortunately a large number of the students in schools generally and in Government schools particularly,

Salma Naheed

2000-01-01

257

Developing Curriculum: Knowledge and Skills Essential for an International Salesforce.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study explored the additional knowledge and skills an international salesforce needs based upon 95 respondents from Wisconsin manufacturing companies. Six areas were evaluated by sales representatives involved with international sales and marketing to identify the education and training needed within the next 3 years by the work force. Four…

Ruhland, Sheila K.

258

Towards an integrated model for developing sustainable assessment skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the goals of current education is to ensure that graduates can act as independent lifelong learners. Graduates need to be able to assess their own learning and interpret assessment results. The central question in this article is how to acquire sustainable assessment skills, enabling students to assess their performance and learning throughout life, and preparing them to meet

Greet M. J. Fastré; Marcel R. van der Klink; Dominique Sluijsmans; Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer

2012-01-01

259

Skills Certifications and Workforce Development: Partnering with Industry and Ourselves.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article states that constant changing workplace technology requirements have placed a burden on the employees to remain competent. This problem can be alleviated by community colleges that offer credentials in different occupations. Community colleges can aid in the creation of new jobs by providing students with the skills that are highly…

Cantor, Jeffrey A.

2002-01-01

260

Developing Professional Skills in STEM Students: Data Information Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate STEM students are increasingly expected to have some data use skills upon graduation, whether they pursue post-graduate education or move into industry. This project was an initial foray into the application of data information literacy competencies to training undergraduate students to identify markers of data and information…

Zilinski, Lisa D.; Sapp Nelson, Megan; Van Epps, Amy S.

2014-01-01

261

A Teaching Strategy for Developing the Power of Observation in Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the importance of observation in knowledge building, it has received less attention than experimental forms of inquiry in science education. Therefore, the aims of this study are to use observation strategies for developing the power of observation in science education and to develop student teachers' skills of observation process. The…

Oguz-Unver, Ayse; Yurumezoglu, Kemal

2009-01-01

262

Employability Skill Development in Work-Integrated Learning: Barriers and Best Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Work-integrated learning (WIL) is widely considered instrumental in equipping new graduates with the required employability skills to function effectively in the work environment. Evaluation of WIL programs in enhancing skill development remains predominantly outcomes-focused with little attention to the process of what, how and from whom students…

Jackson, Denise

2015-01-01

263

The Soft-Skills Learning Triangle: A Learning Model for Supporting Online Management & Leadership Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to present the Soft-skills Learning Triangle (SLT)--a model created to help coaches, mentors, and educators understand how web-technologies can be used to support management learning and soft-skills development. SLT emerged as part of a larger action-learning research project--the NewMindsets Management Education…

Adams, Jean

2010-01-01

264

College Instructors' Implicit Theories about Teaching Skills and Their Relationship to Professional Development Choices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implicit theories about the malleability of skills/abilities have been shown to predict learners' willingness to participate in learning opportunities. The authors examined whether college professors' implicit theories about the malleability of teaching skills predicted their willingness to engage in professional development (PD) related to…

Thadani, V.; Breland, W.; Dewar, J.

2010-01-01

265

Development and Evaluation of a Remedial Numerical Skills Workbook for Navy Training. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A remedial Navy-relevant numerical skills workbook was developed and field tested for use in Navy recruit training commands and as part of the Navy Junior Reserve Officers Training curriculum. Research and curriculum specialists from the Department of the Navy and Memphis State University identified Navy-relevant topics requiring numerical skill…

Bowman, Harry L.; And Others

266

Impact of English proficiency training on primary school teachers' development of English speaking skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Pakistan, English as a foreign language is taught from primary classes in public sector schools. Teachers mostly practice traditional teaching method which focuses on reading and writing skills. In primary classes, little importance is paid to the development of speaking skills in English. The government is providing training for teachers in the area of English in order to enhance

Mariam Shaikh

2010-01-01

267

Evaluation of District-Provided Professional Development on Critical Thinking Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical thinking skills are often not being taught or used in classrooms. Instead, more testing has become the norm, leaving students less equipped to discern information and become well-informed, conscientious citizens. Based on research concerning the importance of critical thinking skills and professional development for teachers, this study…

Bedosky, Michael J.

2013-01-01

268

Personalized Inservice in Physical Education: Developing and Maintaining Teaching Skills through Self-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inservice training, even if brief, should have long-lasting effects. In regard to developing behavioral teaching skills, research with classroom teachers suggests that rehearsing and practicing appropriate skills is superior to listening to lectures and participating in discussions on behavior theory. If teachers are taught self-control techniques…

McKenzie, Thomas L.

269

Differential Pathways to Generic Skills Development of Male and Female College Students in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzed a stratified random sample of 1,707 senior students at 60 four-year universities in South Korea to explore the gender-specific pathways to Korean students' development of generic skills--analytical thinking and problem-solving skills. Multiple regression analyses were performed to investigate the involvement factors…

Rhee, Byung Shik; Kim, Sooji

2012-01-01

270

The Role of Individual and Contextual Factors in the Development of Maths Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we examined the development of maths skills in 269 Estonian primary school children (119 boys and 150 girls; 20 classes). Testing was carried out over a three-year period (Grade 1-Grade 3). Before the last testing session, children's verbal skills and motivational orientations were also tested. In addition, teachers evaluated…

Kikas, Eve; Peets, Katlin; Palu, Anu; Afanasjev, Juri

2009-01-01

271

Responding to the Global Economy. Student Skills Development across an Expanding Europe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comparison of small and medium-sized enterprises' skill requirements in the European Union and Eastern/Central Europe shows considerable similarities and identifies skill needs universities need to address. New courses and modules are being developed by the University of Surrey in conjunction with Eastern/Central European partners. (Contains 14…

Hobrough, John

2003-01-01

272

The Effect of Blogging and Electronic Journaling on Writing Skills Development in High School Freshmen  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blogging and computerized journaling are effective tools for writing skill development; however, research has not revealed which specific populations of students are aided by blogging or journaling, nor has research revealed the specific writing skills that are most likely to be improved by these practices. The purpose of the study was to discover…

Anderson, Dianne Bruce

2010-01-01

273

The Mature-Aged and Skill Development Activities: A Systematic Review of Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many older Australians are up-skilling or retraining to maintain gainful employment or pursue other interests. This study, a systematic review of existing research, set out to find evidence that skill development activities for the mature-aged lead to improved employment opportunities and improved productivity. It also looks at what factors act as…

Thomson, Peter; Dawe, Susan; Anlezark, Alison; Bowman, Kaye

2005-01-01

274

Unpacking Pandora's Box: Issues in the Assessment of English Learners' Literacy Skill Development in Multimodal Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this commentary I unpack the Pandora's Box of issues related to the assessment of English language learners' literacy skill development in multimodal classrooms. I ask how we might quantify the benefits of multimodal composing, for k-12 as well as college students, given the existing complexity of assessing ELLs' traditional literacy skills. I…

Pandya, Jessica Zacher

2012-01-01

275

Job Survival Skills of Youthful Offenders: A Needs Assessment and Curriculum Development Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to assess needs in job survival skills of those persons released from California Youth Authority incarceration and then to develop and field-test a curriculum to upgrade the skills which appear weakest. Interviews of a representative sample of 145 parolees were conducted. Findings include some of the following: over…

Wiederanders, Mark R.; And Others

276

A Follow up: Developing Growing Need for Soft-Skills in IT Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we follow up "Developing Growing Need for Soft-Skills in IT Professionals," a paper from the 2003 ASCUE Conference. In that paper we examined the need for "soft-skills" by information technology professionals. In the current economic climate, IT outsourcing is becoming increasingly popular. Our Columbus, Indiana Purdue campus has a…

Swanson, Dewey A.; Phillips, Julie

2004-01-01

277

Activities for social skills development in deaf children preparing to enter the mainstream  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of regular education teachers was surveyed to assess the social skills of recently mainstreamed students from oral deaf programs in their classrooms. In addition, a curriculum of social skills activities was developed to help prepare students from oral deaf schools to enter the mainstream.

Dorie L. Noll

2007-01-01

278

Critical Skills of IS Professionals: Developing a Curriculum for the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was conducted to determine the expected skills and knowledge required for Information Systems professionals in three general staffing groups: programmers, analysts, and end-user support. A survey instrument was developed asking respondents to rate the importance of each knowledge\\/skill area three years from now for each of the staffing groups. The results show that Information Systems knowledge relating to

Marilyn L. Wilkins; Cheryl L. Noll

279

Soft skills are difficult to learn and can take years to hone and develop. Get  

E-print Network

Soft skills are difficult to learn and can take years to hone and develop. Get the hard facts on soft skills by earning a Clemson University MBA Leadership Certificate. This adult learning program and stress management. BEyond SElf Understand the importance of supporting others--your direct reports, peers

Bolding, M. Chad

280

Enhancing Leadership Skill Development by Creating Practice/Feedback Opportunities in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Efforts to enhance students' management action and leadership skills are generally based on behavior modeling and experiential learning models. The classroom practicum approach to developing leadership skills described in this article enhances student learning by integrating a greater emphasis on the transfer phase of the learning process than is…

Hess, Peter W.

2007-01-01

281

The Impact of Content and Structure on a Case-Based Approach to Developing Leadership Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case studies are frequently used in a number of organisational training settings. However, there has been little empirical study of how these cases can be most effective for developing leadership skills. The present study tests the impact of case content and structural features on the acquisition and transfer of leadership skills. Content features…

Connelly, Shane; Allen, Matthew T.; Waples, Ethan

2007-01-01

282

Identification and Development of Critical Workforce Skills in the Chattanooga Region  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this quantitative study was to identify the workforce skills perceived to be critical in the Chattanooga region, and to explore how colleges and businesses can partner to effectively develop those skills. Data from a June 2011 survey of workforce stakeholders in the Chattanooga region were analyzed. The 78 survey respondents…

Dorris, John Peter

2012-01-01

283

A Course Dedicated to Developing Algorithmic Problem-Solving Skills - Design and Experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Undergraduate students often start their academic course of studies with inadequate learning and thinking skills. Our college has a policy of setting high standards and demands, while supporting students' learning in a variety of ways. In this paper we present a distinctive course designed to aid students develop algorithmic problem-solving skills. The course is taught in parallel to a CS1

Orna Muller; Bruria Haberman

2009-01-01

284

Development of Teaching Expertise Viewed through the Dreyfus Model of Skill Acquisition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to explore development of skill acquisition in dental education, utilizing the Dreyfus and Dreyfus continuum. By identifying what skill progression may be recognized in the expert dental educator and what experiences appear to influence this growth, the knowledge gained may inform more efficient, effective faculty support,…

Lyon, Lucinda J.

2015-01-01

285

Development of Educational Software for Teaching Daily Life Skills to Students in the Spectrum of Autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an educational software that is currently under development, aiming to enhance the social skills of children in the spectrum of autism. The learning scenarios involve authentic tasks designed to assist students with autism with their daily living skills (such as preparing a shopping list, making payments, etc). This work draws on previous research which acknowledges the beneficial

Konstantina Staikou; Sophia Mavropoulou; Charalampos Karagiannidis

286

Teaching Strategies for Developing Literacy Skills in Non-Native Speakers of English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with strategies for developing literacy skills in nonnative speakers of English. Discussed in the initial section of the paper are four different categories of English-as-a-second-language (ESL) adults and the basic philosophy that underlies the teaching of literacy skills to adults at all levels of literacy. The special needs of…

Savage, K. Lynn

287

Contribution of Discourse and Morphosyntax Skills to Reading Comprehension in Chinese Dyslexic and Typically Developing Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed at identifying important skills for reading comprehension in Chinese dyslexic children and their typically developing counterparts matched on age (CA controls) or reading level (RL controls). The children were assessed on Chinese reading comprehension, cognitive, and reading-related skills. Results showed that the dyslexic…

Chik, Pakey Pui-man; Ho, Connie Suk-han; Yeung, Pui-sze; Wong, Yau-kai; Chan, David Wai-ock; Chung, Kevin Kien-hoa; Lo, Lap-yan

2012-01-01

288

Developing a Test of Scientific Literacy Skills (TOSLS): Measuring Undergraduates' Evaluation of Scientific Information and Arguments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Life sciences faculty agree that developing scientific literacy is an integral part of undergraduate education and report that they teach these skills. However, few measures of scientific literacy are available to assess students' proficiency in using scientific literacy skills to solve scenarios in and beyond the undergraduate biology classroom.…

Gormally, Cara; Brickman, Peggy; Lutz, Mary

2012-01-01

289

Development and Validation of the Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Skills Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although several theories exist to describe why patients improve in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), in only a limited number of studies has CBT skill acquisition been examined, particularly among patients with complex clinical profiles. Thus, the overarching aim of this research was to develop a tool to measure patients' use of CBT skills

Jacob, Karen L.; Christopher, Michael S.; Neuhaus, Edmund C.

2011-01-01

290

Development of Student Inquiry Skills: A Constructivist Approach in a Computerized Classroom Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the extent to which students' inquiry skills can be facilitated through the use of a computerized science database (Birds of the Antarctica) and specially designed curriculum materials. Much attention was given in the program to developing both students' inquiry skills and their subject-matter knowledge. Grade 11 and 12…

Maor, Dorit

291

Student Experiences and Perceptions of Digital Literacy Skills Development: Engaging Learners by Design?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the current digital environment, it is vital for learners to develop digital literacy skills. The UK's Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education (HE) requires graduates to demonstrate digital literacy. Employers consider these skills essential. With the high cost of HE in the UK, learners themselves also expect university courses to…

Hall, Marion; Nix, Ingrid; Baker, Kirsty

2013-01-01

292

Early Literacy and Early Numeracy: The Value of Including Early Literacy Skills in the Prediction of Numeracy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine whether early literacy skills uniquely predict early numeracy skills development. During the first year of the study, 69 3- to 5-year-old preschoolers were assessed on the Preschool Early Numeracy Skills (PENS) test and the Test of Preschool Early Literacy Skills (TOPEL). Participants were assessed again a…

Purpura, David J.; Hume, Laura E.; Sims, Darcey M.; Lonigan, Cristopher J.

2011-01-01

293

The Sound of Silence?: A Comparative Study of the Barriers to Communication Skills Development in Accounting and Engineering Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employers often consider graduates to be unprepared for employment and lacking in vocational skills. A common demand from them is that the curriculum should include "communication skills," as specific skills in their own right and also because of the central role that such skills can play in developing other desirable attributes. Current thinking…

Hassall, T.; Joyce, J.; Bramhall, M. D.; Robinson, I. M.; Arquero, J. L.

2005-01-01

294

Relationships among process skills development, knowledge acquisition, and gender in microcomputer-based chemistry laboratories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated how instruction in MBL environments can be designed to facilitate process skills development and knowledge acquisition among high school chemistry students. Ninety-eight college preparatory chemistry students in six intact classes were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: MBL with enhanced instruction in Macroscopic knowledge, MBL with enhanced instruction in Microscopic knowledge, and MBL with enhanced instruction in Symbolic knowledge. Each treatment group completed a total of four MBL titrations involving acids and bases. After the first and third titrations, the Macroscopic, Microscopic and Symbolic groups received enhanced instruction in the Macroscopic, Microscopic and Symbolic modes, respectively. During each titration, participants used audiotapes to record their verbal interactions. The study also explored the effects of three potential covariates (age, mathematics background, and computer usage) on the relationships among the independent variables (type of enhanced instruction and gender) and the dependent variables (science process skills and knowledge acquisition). Process skills were measured via gain scores on a standardized test. Analysis of Covariance eliminated age, mathematics background, and computer usage as covariates in this study. Analysis of Variance identified no significant effects on process skills attributable to treatment or gender. Knowledge acquisition was assessed via protocol analysis of statements made by the participants during the four titrations. Statements were categorized as procedural, observational, conceptual/analytical, or miscellaneous. Statement category percentages were analyzed for trends across treatments, genders, and experiments. Instruction emphasizing the Macroscopic mode may have increased percentages of observational and miscellaneous statements and decreased percentages of procedural and conceptual/analytical statements. Instruction emphasizing the Symbolic mode may have increased percentages of procedural and conceptual/analytical statements and decreased percentages of observational and miscellaneous statements. Instruction emphasizing the Microscopic mode may have increased percentages of conceptual/analytical and miscellaneous statements. Males made higher percentages of procedural comments than did females, while females made higher percentages of conceptual/analytical comments than did males. The use of insoluble unknowns may have increased percentages of procedural and miscellaneous statements and decreased percentages of observational and conceptual/analytical statements. The exploratory nature of the fourth titration may have decreased percentages of observational statements across all treatments.

Krieger, Carla Repsher

295

The Development and Implementation of an Instrument to Assess Students’ Data Analysis Skills in Molecular Biology †  

PubMed Central

Developing visual literacy skills is an important component of scientific literacy in undergraduate science education. Comprehension, analysis, and interpretation are parts of visual literacy that describe related data analysis skills important for learning in the biological sciences. The Molecular Biology Data Analysis Test (MBDAT) was developed to measure students’ data analysis skills connected with scientific reasoning when analyzing and interpreting scientific data generated from experimental research. The skills analyzed included basic skills, such as identification of patterns and trends in data and connecting a method that generated the data, and advanced skills, such as distinguishing positive and negative controls, synthesizing conclusions, determining if data supports a hypothesis, and predicting alternative or next-step experiments. Construct and content validity were established and calculated statistical parameters demonstrate that the MBDAT is valid and reliable for measuring students’ data analysis skills in molecular and cell biology contexts. The instrument also measures students’ perceived confidence in their data interpretation abilities. As scientific research continues to evolve in complexity, interpretation of scientific information in visual formats will continue to be an important component of scientific literacy. Thus science education will need to support and assess students’ development of these skills as part of students’ scientific training. PMID:25574292

Rybarczyk, Brian J.; Walton, Kristen L.W.; Grillo, Wendy Heck

2014-01-01

296

Developing Writing Skills Through Students Giving Instructional Explanations  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Writing skills are considered to be critical for academic and professional success (National Commission on Writing, 2004,\\u000a The neglected “r” the need for a writing revolution. The College Board). However, a large number of students are not writing\\u000a well. According to National Assessment of Educational Progress (2002, Writing report card for the nation and the states: National\\u000a Center for Education

Kwangsu Cho; Christian Schunn

297

Using Psychological Skills Training to Develop Soccer Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the effects of a soccer, midfielder-specific psychological skills intervention comprising relaxation, imagery and self-talk on position-specific performance measures. Using a multiple-baseline-across-individuals design, five participants had three per-formance subcomponents assessed across nine competitive matches. The results of the study indicated the position-specific intervention to enable at least small improvements on the three dependent variables for each participant.

Richard C. Thelwell; Iain A. Greenlees; Neil J. V. Weston

2006-01-01

298

Teacher Evaluation Project. The Beginning Teacher Program, Intellectual Skills Development, Validity Studies of the Evaluation System, Special Instrument Development. Report for 1984-1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports, summaries, and recommendations are presented on the following research studies: (1) Beginning Teacher Studies; (2) Instructional Skills for Teaching Higher Order Thinking; (3) Development of the Conferential Observation Instrument; (4) Predictive Validity Studies Conducted to Test the Relationship Between Teacher Performance as Measured…

Florida Coalition for the Development of a Performance Measurement System, Tallahassee.

299

Audio Haptic Videogaming for Developing Wayfinding Skills in Learners Who are Blind.  

PubMed

Interactive digital technologies are currently being developed as a novel tool for education and skill development. Audiopolis is an audio and haptic based videogame designed for developing orientation and mobility (O&M) skills in people who are blind. We have evaluated the cognitive impact of videogame play on O&M skills by assessing performance on a series of behavioral tasks carried out in both indoor and outdoor virtual spaces. Our results demonstrate that the use of Audiopolis had a positive impact on the development and use of O&M skills in school-aged learners who are blind. The impact of audio and haptic information on learning is also discussed. PMID:25485312

Sánchez, Jaime; de Borba Campos, Marcia; Espinoza, Matías; Merabet, Lotfi B

2014-01-01

300

Assessing Information Literacy Skills Development in First Year Students: A Multi-Year Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment data from 5 years of a pretest/posttest with first-year students was analyzed using McNemar's test. The results show that revisiting previous assessment data can identify significant changes in information literacy skill development.

Fain, Margaret

2011-01-01

301

Audio Haptic Videogaming for Developing Wayfinding Skills in Learners Who are Blind  

PubMed Central

Interactive digital technologies are currently being developed as a novel tool for education and skill development. Audiopolis is an audio and haptic based videogame designed for developing orientation and mobility (O&M) skills in people who are blind. We have evaluated the cognitive impact of videogame play on O&M skills by assessing performance on a series of behavioral tasks carried out in both indoor and outdoor virtual spaces. Our results demonstrate that the use of Audiopolis had a positive impact on the development and use of O&M skills in school-aged learners who are blind. The impact of audio and haptic information on learning is also discussed. PMID:25485312

Sánchez, Jaime; de Borba Campos, Marcia; Espinoza, Matías; Merabet, Lotfi B.

2014-01-01

302

www.law.uts.edu.au >Develop work-ready skills with  

E-print Network

skills. >Engage with the latest developments in contemporary healthcare; learn from experts utilising-leading simulation technologies, before undertaking clinical placements. >Learn from expert staff, including 10 with industry and government organisations, such as Agilent Technologies, the Australian Nuclear Science

University of Technology, Sydney

303

Software development engineer in Microsoft: a subjective view of soft skills required  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a position statement. There are important requirements on software development engineers that go beyond the normal academic qualifications and technical skills, and which quite often receive a lower priority in education and training.

Martin Orsted

2000-01-01

304

McGill Ingestive Skills Assessment (MISA): Development and First Field Test of an Evaluation of Functional Ingestive Skills of Elderly Persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a lack of reliable and valid clinical assessment tools for individuals with loss of ingestive skills. The McGill Ingestive Skills Assessment (MISA) was developed to facilitate the reliable and valid bedside assessment of elderly persons with feeding difficulties. Items were generated by a literature review and selected with the collaboration of a multidisciplinary team. The first version of

Heather C. Lambert; Erika G. Gisel; Michael E. Groher

2003-01-01

305

Systematic review of educational programs and strategies for developing students' and nurses' writing skills.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to describe the outcomes of a systematic review of educational programs and strategies for developing the writing skills of nursing students and nurses. Of 728 screened citations, 80 articles were included in the review. Writing assignments in nursing courses were the most common, followed by strategies for writing across the curriculum and specific courses to improve the writing skills of nursing students. To improve nurses' writing skills, workshops were used most frequently. Only 28 (35%) of the articles were databased, and most articles described the writing program, strategy, or assignment but did not evaluate its effectiveness. [J Nurs Educ. 2015;54(1):28-34.]. PMID:25535756

Oermann, Marilyn H; Leonardelli, Adrianne K; Turner, Kathleen M; Hawks, Sharon J; Derouin, Anne L; Hueckel, Rémi M

2015-01-01

306

Skills Development Using Role-Play in a First-Year Pharmacy Practice Course  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To evaluate the usefulness of a role-play model in developing students’ patient-care skills in a first-year undergraduate pharmacy practice course. Design. A role-play model was developed and implemented in workshops across 2 semesters of a year-long course. Students performed different roles, including that of a pharmacist and a patient, and documented case notes in a single interaction. Assessment. Student perceptions of the usefulness of the approach in acquiring skills were measured by surveying students during both semesters. All student assessments (N=130 in semester1; N=129 in semester 2) also were analyzed for skills in verbal communication, information gathering, counselling and making recommendations, and accurately documenting information. A majority of students found the approach useful in developing skills. An analysis of student assessments revealed that role-playing was not as effective in building skills related to accurate documentation as it was in other areas of patient care. Conclusions. Role play is useful for developing patient-care skills in communication and information gathering but not for documentation of case notes. PMID:21829258

2011-01-01

307

Positive teacher and peer relations combine to predict primary school students' academic skill development.  

PubMed

This study examined cross-lagged associations between positive teacher and peer relations and academic skill development. Reading and math skills were tested among 625 students in kindergarten and Grade 4. Teacher reports of positive affect toward each student and classmate reports of peer acceptance were gathered in Grades 1-3. The results showed, first, that positive teacher affect toward the student and peer acceptance were reciprocally associated: Positive teacher affect predicted higher peer acceptance, and higher peer acceptance predicted a higher level of positive teacher affect. Second, the effect of positive teacher affect on academic skill development was partly mediated via peer acceptance, while the effect of early academic skills on peer acceptance was partly mediated via positive teacher affect. The results suggest that a warm and supportive teacher can increase a student's peer acceptance, which, in turn, is positively associated with learning outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:25751095

Kiuru, Noona; Aunola, Kaisa; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Pakarinen, Eija; Poskiparta, Elisa; Ahonen, Timo; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

2015-04-01

308

College students as contingency managers for adolescents in a program to develop reading skills.  

PubMed Central

Behavior-modification procedures and an individualized tutorial program were used to remediate reading skill deficits in seventh-grade adolescent subjects. Forty-two college students were trained as reading tutors and contingency managers to use reading diagnostic and remedial materials, and to develop contracts and reinforce positive verbal responses toward reading. Significantly greater increases in reading scores of experimental groups, compared to control groups, substantial improvement in target behaviors, and significant changes in verbalizations toward reading were observed after 10 weeks of treatment. Six-month followup studies showed that all groups had consolidated their gains and that grade scores continued to improve. The improvement of the experimental subjects remained significantly ahead of the control subjects. PMID:599109

Schwartz, G J

1977-01-01

309

Development and Evaluation of an Interactive CD-ROM Refusal Skills Program to Prevent Youth Substance Use: “Refuse to Use”  

Microsoft Academic Search

An interactive CD-ROM program designed to reduce adolescent substance use was developed and evaluated. The program uses video vignettes to teach refusal skills and socially acceptable responses to substance use situations, specifically offers of marijuana. In a randomized pretest-to-posttest experiment with 74 public school students from six classes in three high schools, significant changes were observed at posttest on (1)

Terry E. Duncan; Susan C. Duncan; Natasha Beauchamp; Jennifer Wells; Dennis V. Ary

2000-01-01

310

[The development of clinical reasoning skills and leadership: personal factors and organizational factors].  

PubMed

Continuing education of newly graduated nurses (NGN) depends on several factors related to the characteristics of skills to be developed, the target population and the organizational context. Few studies describe both how nurses develop their skills and how institutions promote this development. The objectives of this manuscript are to (1) describe the behaviors that the NGN use to develop their reasoning skills and leadership and (2) document the organizational elements that facilitate this development. Method. Individual interviews were conducted with nurses (n = 34) using a grid of semistructured interviews and two group interviews were conducted with nurses (n = 7) and managers (n = 19) in two teaching hospitals in eastern Canada. The results show that nurses develop mainly by reflecting on their professional practice in their workplace. However, the lack of time for reflection in the workspace is a considerable obstacle while managerial leadership is an important asset. PMID:23671988

Larue, Caroline; Dubois, Sylvie; Girard, Francine; Goudreau, Johanne; Dumont, Katia

2013-03-01

311

Contribution of discourse and morphosyntax skills to reading comprehension in Chinese dyslexic and typically developing children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed at identifying important skills for reading comprehension in Chinese dyslexic children and their typically\\u000a developing counterparts matched on age (CA controls) or reading level (RL controls). The children were assessed on Chinese\\u000a reading comprehension, cognitive, and reading-related skills. Results showed that the dyslexic children performed significantly\\u000a less well than the CA controls but similarly to RL controls

Pakey Pui-man Chik; Connie Suk-han Ho; Pui-sze Yeung; Yau-kai Wong; David Wai-ock Chan; Kevin Kien-hoa Chung; Lap-yan Lo

312

Guide to good practices for teamwork training and diagnostic skills development  

SciTech Connect

This guide provides assistance in the development, implementation, and improvement of training on teamwork and diagnostics. DOE and contractor representatives identified the need for teamwork and diagnostics training guidance. This need was based on the increasing emphasis of properly applying knowledge and skills to complete assigned tasks. Teamwork and diagnostic skills have become a focal point because of the impact they have on effective facility operation and safety.

NONE

1997-06-01

313

The Development of Scientific Communication Skills: A Qualitative Study of the Perceptions of Trainees and Their Mentors  

PubMed Central

Purpose Scientific communication, both written and oral, is the cornerstone of success in biomedical research, yet formal instruction is rarely provided. Trainees with little exposure to Standard Academic English may find developing scientific communication skills challenging. In this exploratory, hypothesis-generating qualitative study, the authors examined the process by which mentored junior researchers learn scientific communication skills, their feelings about the challenges, and their mentor’s role in the process. Method In 2010, the authors conducted semi-structured focus groups and interviews to explore research trainees’ and faculty mentors’ perceptions and practices regarding scientific communication skills development, as part of the development phase of a larger quantitative study. The facilitator took detailed notes and verified their accuracy with participants during the sessions; a second member of the research team observed and verified the recorded notes. Three coders performed a thematic analysis, and the other authors reviewed it. Results Forty-three trainees and 50 mentors participated. Trainees and mentors had diverging views on the role of mentoring in fostering communication skills development. Trainees expressed varying levels of self-confidence but considerable angst. Mentors felt that most trainees have low self-confidence. Trainees expressed interest in learning scientific communication skills, but mentors reported that some trainees were insufficiently motivated and seemed resistant to guidance. Both groups agreed that trainees found mentors’ feedback difficult to accept. Conclusions The degree of distress, dissatisfaction, and lack of mutual understanding between mentors and trainees was striking. These themes have important implications for best practices and resource development. PMID:23969363

Cameron, Carrie; Collie, Candice L.; Baldwin, Constance D.; Bartholomew, L. Kay; Palmer, J. Lynn; Greer, Marilyn; Chang, Shine

2013-01-01

314

Developing Seventh Grade Students’ Systems Thinking Skills in the Context of the Human Circulatory System  

PubMed Central

Developing systems thinking skills in school can provide useful tools to deal with a vast amount of medical and health information that may help learners in decision making in their future lives as citizen. Thus, there is a need to develop effective tools that will allow learners to analyze biological systems and organize their knowledge. Here, we examine junior high school students’ systems thinking skills in the context of the human circulatory system. A model was formulated for developing teaching and learning materials and for characterizing students’ systems thinking skills. Specifically, we asked whether seventh grade students, who studied about the human circulatory system, acquired systems thinking skills, and what are the characteristics of those skills? Concept maps were used to characterize students’ systems thinking components and examine possible changes in the students’ knowledge structure. These maps were composed by the students before and following the learning process. The study findings indicate a significant improvement in the students’ ability to recognize the system components and the processes that occur within the system, as well as the relationships between different levels of organization of the system, following the learning process. Thus, following learning students were able to organize the systems’ components and its processes within a framework of relationships, namely the students’ systems thinking skills were improved in the course of learning using the teaching and learning materials. PMID:25520948

Raved, Lena; Yarden, Anat

2014-01-01

315

The Impact of Skills Development on Competitiveness: Empirical Evidence from a Cross-Country Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past half-century, most countries have emphasized the development of human capital as an instrument for economic growth, sustainable development, and improved global competitiveness. However, limited evidence exists on the link between skills development and a country's competitiveness. This paper examines the contribution and association…

Onsomu, Eldah N.; Ngware, Moses W.; Manda, Damiano K.

2010-01-01

316

Cultural Teaching: The Development of Teaching Skills in Maya Sibling Interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychology has considered the development of learning, but the development of teaching in childhood has not been considered. The data presented in this article demonstrate that children develop teaching skills over the course of middle childhood. Seventy-two Maya children (25 boys, 47 girls) ranging in age from 3 to 11 years ( M ? 6.8 years) were videotaped in sibling

Ashley E. Maynard

2002-01-01

317

A Life Skills Development Program for High School Student-Athletes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sport and after school activities have been identified as fertile ground for adolescents to develop initiative and feelings of self-efficacy. The purpose of this article is to describe the development and implementation of a national intervention program that uses sport participation as a vehicle to enhance life skill development in urban youth. Evaluation data are provided and some potential advantages

Albert J. Petitpas; Judy L. Van Raalte; Allen E. Cornelius; Jim Presbrey

2004-01-01

318

The Development of Language and Reading Skills in Children with Down's Syndrome.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book summarizes the current state of knowledge concerning language development in children with Down Syndrome (DS). The first chapter reviews language development in normal children, noting such stages as gestures, first sounds, development of understanding, first spoken words, and the two-word stage. The next chapter examines language skills…

Buckley, Sue; And Others

319

Basic Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These four articles focus on developing basic reading, science, and job search skills: "Reading Program for Vocational Classes" by Augustus Luparelli; "Why Teach Employability Skills?" by Larry Siefferman; "Improving Vocabulary and Reading Skills" by Edythe Conway; and "Science in Everyday Life" by Virginia Eleazer and George Carney. (SK)

Luparelli, Augustus N.; And Others

1981-01-01

320

Using Clickers to Facilitate Development of Problem-Solving Skills  

PubMed Central

Classroom response systems, or clickers, have become pedagogical staples of the undergraduate science curriculum at many universities. In this study, the effectiveness of clickers in promoting problem-solving skills in a genetics class was investigated. Students were presented with problems requiring application of concepts covered in lecture and were polled for the correct answer. A histogram of class responses was displayed, and students were encouraged to discuss the problem, which enabled them to better understand the correct answer. Students were then presented with a similar problem and were again polled. My results indicate that those students who were initially unable to solve the problem were then able to figure out how to solve similar types of problems through a combination of trial and error and class discussion. This was reflected in student performance on exams, where there was a statistically significant positive correlation between grades and the percentage of clicker questions answered. Interestingly, there was no clear correlation between exam grades and the percentage of clicker questions answered correctly. These results suggest that students who attempt to solve problems in class are better equipped to solve problems on exams. PMID:22135374

Levesque, Aime A.

2011-01-01

321

The development of clinical reasoning skills: a major objective of the anatomy course.  

PubMed

Traditional medical school curricula have made a clear demarcation between the basic biomedical sciences and the clinical years. It is our view that a comprehensive medical education necessarily involves an increased correlation between basic science knowledge and its clinical applications. A basic anatomy course should have two main objectives: for the student to successfully gain a solid knowledge base of human anatomy and to develop and hone clinical reasoning skills. In a basic anatomy course, clinical case discussions based on underlying anatomic anomalies or abnormalities are the major means to teach students clinical reasoning skills. By identifying, classifying, and analyzing the clinical data given, a student learns to methodically approach a clinical case and formulate plausible diagnoses. Practicing and perfecting clinical problem-solving skills should be a major objective of the anatomy curriculum. Such clinical reasoning skills are indeed crucial for the successful and expert practice of medicine. PMID:19109857

Elizondo-Omaña, Rodrigo E; López, Santos Guzmán

2008-01-01

322

Fixing Holes Where the Rain Gets in: Problem Areas in the Development of Generic Skills in Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Little attention is paid to understanding generic skills in business. Even less attention is paid to collecting evidence of students' development of these skills. This paper aims to fill this gap. Design/methodology/approach: Four generic skills in business undergraduate and graduate programs are examined--written communication; critical…

Calma, Angelito

2013-01-01

323

Youth, Skills Development, and Work in the Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2012: Learning from Asia or for Asia?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article underlines the historic importance of the treatment of skills development, finally, by the Education for All Global Monitoring Report (GMR) team. Among the many challenges in its analysis are the multiple and overlapping meanings of the word skill, and the consequent difficulties of quantifying and monitoring efforts at skills…

King, Kenneth

2014-01-01

324

Development of emergent literacy and early reading skills in preschool children: Evidence from a latent-variable longitudinal study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although research has identified oral language, print knowledge, and phonological sensitivity as important emergent literacy skills for the development of reading, few studies have examined the relations between these aspects of emergent literacy or between these skills during preschool and during later reading. This study examined the joint and unique predictive significance of emergent literacy skills for both later emergent

Christopher J. Lonigan; Stephen R. Burgess; Jason L. Anthony

2000-01-01

325

Development of Emergent Literacy and Early Reading Skills in Preschool Children: Evidence From a Latent-Variable Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although research has identified oral language, print knowledge, and phonological sensitivity as important emergent literacy skills for the development of reading, few studies have examined the relations between these aspects of emergent literacy or between these skills during preschool and during later reading. This study examined the joint and unique predictive significance of emergent literacy skills for both later emergent

Christopher J. Lonigan; Stephen R. Burgess; Jason L. Anthony

2000-01-01

326

Developing Skills for Youth in the 21st Century: The Role of Elite International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme Schools in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing body of research suggesting that schools need to respond to changing social and economic dynamics by prioritising "21st-century skills". Proponents of this view, who have been termed "the 21st century skills movement", have called for greater emphasis on cognitive and non-cognitive skills development

Wright, Ewan; Lee, Moosung

2014-01-01

327

Social Development: Self Help Skills. A Performance-Based Early Childhood-Special Education Teacher Preparation Program. Monograph 13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph presents the self-help skills module of the social development curriculum portion of the Early Childhood-Special Education Teacher Preparation Program. Included are: (1) an ontogeny of self-help skills (feeding, dressing, toileting, and grooming) in young children; (2) a brief discussion of the relevance of self-help skills to the…

Mann, Lynne

328

Improving narrative skills in young children with delayed language development  

Microsoft Academic Search

A substantial number of 5–7 year old children experience delayed language development which threatens their progress in school, although they have not been placed on speech and language therapy caseloads. Children with delayed language development typically have a limited ability to understand and tell stories. Intervention to develop the oral narratives of these children can significantly improve their ability to

Peter Davies; Becky Shanks; Karen Davies

2004-01-01

329

The Development and Validation of a Golf Swing and Putt Skill Assessment for Children  

PubMed Central

The aim was to describe development of a process-oriented instrument designed to assess the golf swing and putt stroke, and to assess the instrument’s discriminative validity in terms of age and reliability (intra-rater and re-test). A Delphi consultation (with golf industry professionals and researchers in movement skill assessment) was used to develop an assessment for each skill based on existing skill assessment protocols. Each skill had six components to be marked as present/absent. Individual scores were based on the number of performance components successfully demonstrated over two trials for each skill (potential score range 0 to 24). Children (n = 43) aged 6-10 years (M = 7.8 years, SD = 1.3) were assessed in both skills live in the field by one rater at Time 1(T1). A subset of children (n = 28) had consent for assessments to be videoed. Six weeks later 19 children were reassessed, five days apart (T2, T3). An ANOVA assessed discriminative validity i.e. whether skill competence at T1 differed by age (6 years, 7/8 years and 9/10 years). Intraclass correlations (ICC) assessed intra-rater reliability between the live and video assessment at T1 and test-retest reliability (between T2 and T3). Paired t-tests assessed any systematic differences between live and video assessments (T1) and between T2 and T3. Older children were more skilled (F (2, 40) = 11.18, p < 0.001). The live assessment reflected the video assessment (ICC = 0.79, 95% CI 0.59, 0.90) and scores did not differ between live and video assessments. Test retest reliability was acceptable (ICC = 0.60, 95% CI 0.23, 0.82), although the mean score was slightly higher at retest. This instrument could be used reliably by golf coaches and physical education teachers as part of systematic early player assessment and feedback. Key points Golf is becoming an increasingly popular sport among young children, however there is no standard protocol available to assess and identify skill deficits, mastery level, and talent identification in beginner young golf players. Process rather than product oriented outcomes better identify areas of skill deficit in young children. The proposed swing and putt instrument can reliably identify skill deficits in children of elementary school age who are new to golf and can be used by a range of stakeholders including golf coaches, generalist sport coaches and physical education teachers. PMID:25729302

Barnett, Lisa M.; Hardy, Louise L.; Brian, Ali S.; Robertson, Sam

2015-01-01

330

The development and validation of a golf swing and putt skill assessment for children.  

PubMed

The aim was to describe development of a process-oriented instrument designed to assess the golf swing and putt stroke, and to assess the instrument's discriminative validity in terms of age and reliability (intra-rater and re-test). A Delphi consultation (with golf industry professionals and researchers in movement skill assessment) was used to develop an assessment for each skill based on existing skill assessment protocols. Each skill had six components to be marked as present/absent. Individual scores were based on the number of performance components successfully demonstrated over two trials for each skill (potential score range 0 to 24). Children (n = 43) aged 6-10 years (M = 7.8 years, SD = 1.3) were assessed in both skills live in the field by one rater at Time 1(T1). A subset of children (n = 28) had consent for assessments to be videoed. Six weeks later 19 children were reassessed, five days apart (T2, T3). An ANOVA assessed discriminative validity i.e. whether skill competence at T1 differed by age (6 years, 7/8 years and 9/10 years). Intraclass correlations (ICC) assessed intra-rater reliability between the live and video assessment at T1 and test-retest reliability (between T2 and T3). Paired t-tests assessed any systematic differences between live and video assessments (T1) and between T2 and T3. Older children were more skilled (F (2, 40) = 11.18, p < 0.001). The live assessment reflected the video assessment (ICC = 0.79, 95% CI 0.59, 0.90) and scores did not differ between live and video assessments. Test retest reliability was acceptable (ICC = 0.60, 95% CI 0.23, 0.82), although the mean score was slightly higher at retest. This instrument could be used reliably by golf coaches and physical education teachers as part of systematic early player assessment and feedback. Key pointsGolf is becoming an increasingly popular sport among young children, however there is no standard protocol available to assess and identify skill deficits, mastery level, and talent identification in beginner young golf players.Process rather than product oriented outcomes better identify areas of skill deficit in young children.The proposed swing and putt instrument can reliably identify skill deficits in children of elementary school age who are new to golf and can be used by a range of stakeholders including golf coaches, generalist sport coaches and physical education teachers. PMID:25729302

Barnett, Lisa M; Hardy, Louise L; Brian, Ali S; Robertson, Sam

2015-03-01

331

Scientific reasoning skills development in the introductory biology courses for undergraduates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific reasoning is a skill of critical importance to those students who seek to become professional scientists. Yet, there is little research on the development of such reasoning in science majors. In addition, scientific reasoning is often investigated as two separate entities: hypothetico-deductive reasoning and argumentation, even though these skills may be linked. With regard to argumentation, most investigations look at its use in discussing socioscientific issues, not in analyzing scientific data. As scientists often use the same argumentation skills to develop and support conclusions, this avenue needs to be investigated. This study seeks to address these issues and establish a baseline of both hypothetico-deductive reasoning and argumentation of scientific data of biology majors through their engagement in introductory biology coursework. This descriptive study investigated the development of undergraduates' scientific reasoning skills by assessing them multiple times throughout a two-quarter introductory biology course sequence for majors. Participants were assessed at the beginning of the first quarter, end of the first quarter, and end of the second quarter. A split-half version of the revised Lawson Classroom Test of Scientific Reasoning (LCTSR) and a paper and pencil argumentation instrument developed for this study were utilized to assess student hypothetico-deductive reasoning and argumentation skills, respectively. To identify factors that may influence scientific reasoning development, demographic information regarding age, gender, science coursework completed, and future plans was collected. Evidence for course emphasis on scientific reasoning was found in lecture notes, assignments, and laboratory exercises. This study did not find any trends of improvement in the students' hypothetico-deductive reasoning or argumentation skills either during the first quarter or over both quarters. Specific difficulties in the control of variables and direct hypothetico-deductive reasoning were found through analysis of the LCTSR data. Students were also found to have trouble identifying and rebutting counterarguments, compared to generating initial arguments from scientific data sets. Although no overall improvement was found, a moderate, positive relationship was detected between LCTSR and argumentation scores at each administration, affirming the predicted association. Lastly, no difference was determined between biology majors and other students also enrolled in the courses. Overall, the results found here are similar to those classified in the literature for both hypothetico-deductive reasoning and argumentation, indicating that biology majors may be similar to other populations studied. Also, as no explicit attention was paid to scientific reasoning skills in the two courses, these findings complement those that illustrate a need for direct attention to foster the development of these skills. These results suggest the need to develop direct and explicit methods in order to improve the scientific reasoning skills of future biological scientists early in their undergraduate years.

Schen, Melissa S.

332

The use of electronic media to develop transferable skills in science students studying anatomy.  

PubMed

Transferable skills such as team working, communication, information gathering, critical thinking, and peer assessment are essential for graduates seeking employment in the competitive jobs market. Use of online discussion boards have grown to allow students to communicate with each other at a time and location of their choosing. This study aimed to develop transferable skills using specially developed online components supported by discussion boards and chat rooms. Students enrolled in the Human Anatomy and Histology module at the University of Manchester were put into groups of six or seven students (26 groups in total). Two e-learning components were constructed to develop transferable skills. Each group had a discussion board and chat room available to assist communication in completion of the components. Peer marking was also done on this media. Data collected showed the discussion boards were heavily utilized (average number of posts per group was 48). Eighty-three percent of students found the discussion boards useful to complete the tasks. Students felt their team building and critical analysis skills had improved. Peer assessment was well received by students. Using online discussion boards proved an excellent way to develop transferable skills in a large group of science students. PMID:22232127

Choudhury, Bipasha; Gouldsborough, Ingrid

2012-01-01

333

Generic Reflective Feedback: An Effective Approach to Developing Clinical Reasoning Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem-based learning can be an effective tool to develop clinical reasoning skills. However, it traditionally takes place in tutorial groups, giving students little flexibility in how and when they learn. This pilot study compared the effectiveness of generic reflective feedback (GRF) with tutorial-based reflective feedback on the development of…

Wojcikowski, K.; Brownie, S.

2013-01-01

334

Pre-Service Teachers Undertaking Classroom Research: Developing Reflection and Enquiry Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the development of reflectiveness and research skills in eight pre-service teachers, through their participation in a funded research project to develop the handwriting of children with literacy problems. The project aimed to analyse the reflections of the trainee teachers participating in an authentic research study and to…

Medwell, Jane; Wray, David

2014-01-01

335

Web-Based Assessment Tool for Communication and Active Listening Skill Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The website "Active Listening" was developed within a larger project--"Interactive Web-based training in the subtleties of communication and active listening skill development." The Active Listening site aims to provide beginning counseling psychology students with didactic and experimental learning activities and interactive tests so that…

Cheon, Jongpil; Grant, Michael

2009-01-01

336

Developing Patient-Centered Communication Skills Training for Oncologists: Describing the Content and Efficacy of Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication Skills Training (CST) is a proven aid to help oncologists achieve high quality patient-centered communication. No research studies have provided clear guidelines for developing the content of CST. The aim of this work is to describe a method of developing such content and evaluation of effectiveness of CST training workshops (based…

Brown, Richard F.; Bylund, Carma L.; Gueguen, Jennifer A.; Diamond, Catherine; Eddington, Julia; Kissane, David

2010-01-01

337

Student Teachers' Development of a Positive Attitude towards Research and Research Knowledge and Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate the experiences of student teachers participating in an introductory course, designed to stimulate the development of a positive attitude towards research and to stimulate the development of research knowledge and skills by second-year student teachers of an institute of primary teacher education. A…

van der Linden, Wietse; Bakx, Anouke; Ros, Anje; Beijaard, Douwe; Vermeulen, Marc

2012-01-01

338

A Basis for Skills Developing the "College for Business" in Sussex: Part of an LSDA Collection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of its ongoing efforts to improve further education (FE) in the United Kingdom, the Learning and Skills Development Agency (LSDA) developed a model for FE colleges that see their core purpose as meeting the needs of business and industry as distinct form colleges with a mission to serve the needs of the community or prepare young people…

Hughes, Maria; Stanton, Geoff

339

Career Development and the Skills Shortage: A Lesson from Charles Dickens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a critical argument to the profession of career development for the purpose of stimulating reflexive consideration on the myriad influences that impinge upon practitioners. The paper suggests that given the current skills agenda in the Australian economy, it may be timely to reflexively consider career development practice. The…

McIlveen, Peter

2007-01-01

340

FAIJU: An Assessment Center for Developing the Skills of Volunteers Working in International Youth Exchange  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The three non-profit student exchange organizations AFS, Experiment and YFU, have been running a special assessment center for the development of skills necessary for volunteers working in international student exchange. This paper presents the goals and intentions behind this tool and also discusses the use of human resource development tools in…

Kurz, Tom

2009-01-01

341

Media-Savvy Scientific Literacy: Developing Critical Evaluation Skills by Investigating Scientific Claims  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students must learn content knowledge and develop scientific literacy skills to evaluate and use scientific information in real-world situations. Recognizing the accessibility of scientific information to the average citizen, we developed an instructional approach to help students learn how to judge the quality of claims. We describe a…

Brickman, Peggy; Gormally, Cara; Francom, Greg; Jardeleza, Sarah E.; Schutte, Virginia G. W.; Jordan, Carly; Kanizay, Lisa

2012-01-01

342

Gender Differences in Fundamental Motor Skill Development in Disadvantaged Preschoolers from Two Geographical Regions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the influence of gender and region on object control (OC) and locomotor skill development. Participants were 275 midwestern African American and 194 southwestern Hispanic preschool children who were disadvantaged. All were evaluated on the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 (Ulrich, 2000). Two, 2 Gender (girls, boys) x 2 Region…

Goodway, Jacqueline D.; Robinson, Leah E.; Crowe, Heather

2010-01-01

343

Integrating Physical Activity, Coach Collaboration, and Life Skill Development in Youth: School Counselors' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the social, emotional, and academic benefits of physical activity related to youth development (Hellison, 2011), coupled with the minimal research regarding how school counselors can use physical activity for life skill development, this article focuses on school counselors' beliefs about collaborating with coaches and using physical…

Hayden, Laura; Cook, Amy; Scherer, Alexandra; Greenspan, Scott; Silva, Meghan Ray; Cadet, Melanie; Maki, Erik

2014-01-01

344

SEATTLE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF THEOLOGY AND MINISTRY What Skills are Developed and/or Focus Areas  

E-print Network

MATL + MATS + MARPT · Psycho-Spiritual Development & more 4 MARPT + MDIV · Qualitative Research MethodsSEATTLE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF THEOLOGY AND MINISTRY What Skills are Developed and/or Focus Areas /Visioneering Leadership · EffectiveTeambuilding in Ministry · Pastoral Leadership Sustainability · Qualitative

Carter, John

345

Maritime Math Review. The Port of Baltimore Workplace Skills Development Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of learning modules was developed during a project to deliver workplace literacy instruction to individuals employed in the more than 50 businesses related to the activities of the Port of Baltimore. It is intended to help employees of port businesses develop basic math skills. The following topics are covered in the individual modules:…

Janiszewski, Kathryn; Permut, Cathy

346

The Starting Line: Developing a Structure for Teacher Ratings of Students' Skills at Kindergarten Entry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developmentally appropriate, psychometrically sound instruments are needed to assess young children and evaluate learning programs. In the United States, little guidance exists on the development and use of large-scale assessments that cover the broad range of skills that encompass young children's development. In 2005 and 2006, the State of…

Goldstein, Jessica; McCoach, D. Betsy

2011-01-01

347

FET College Lecturers: The "Devolving" Link in the South African Skills Development Equation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National attention on the role of skills development has focused on the role of Further Education and Training (FET) colleges in providing intermediate-level education and training necessary to meet the South African national development challenge. In particular, attention has been focused on reorganisation and rationalisation of college…

Akoojee, Salim

2008-01-01

348

Developing Students' Skills in Reflective Practice: Design and Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines learning journals as a method for developing self-awareness within a business education context, exploring "how can effective design and assessment of reflective journals assist the development of students' self-knowledge?" The authors describe three different approaches to learning journals, with each case study outlining…

Pavlovich, Kathryn; Collins, Eva; Jones, Glyndwr

2009-01-01

349

Developing Team Skills through a Collaborative Writing Assignment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employers want students who are able to work effectively as members of a team, and expect universities to develop this ability in their graduates. This paper proposes a framework for a collaborative writing assignment that specifically develops students' ability to work in teams. The framework has been tested using two iterations of an action…

Thomas, Theda Ann

2014-01-01

350

EB 2009 Mentoring Symposium- Pathways to Leadership: Developing Critical Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presentations from the EB 2009 Mentoring Symposium: 1) Opportunity Knocks...(Should I Answer?) 2) Surviving Hurricane Katrina and Embracing New Challenges 3) The Long and Winding Road of Career Development 4) Pleasures and Perils of Joint Appointments

PhD Kimberly Vanover (Intra-Cellular Therapies, Inc.)

2009-04-21

351

Promoting Student Teachers' Lesson Analysis and Observation Skills by Using Gagne's Model of an Instructional Unit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper introduces a study of an experimental training methodology for promoting lesson analysis skills in student teachers. This methodology is based on the idea that the quality of lesson analysis skills depends mainly on teachers' perception of relevant instructional events and on their understanding of these events. The experimental…

Krull, Edgar; Oras, Kaja; Pikksaar, Endrik

2010-01-01

352

Development of a simulation and skills centre in East Africa: a Rwandan-Canadian partnership  

PubMed Central

Simulation replicates clinical experiences without patient risk; it remains uncommon in lower-income countries. We outline the creation of Rwanda's first centre for simulation and skills training. We secured funding for renovations, equipment and staff; curricula were developed, tested, and refined; local clinicians were trained to teach. In 13 months the centre provided 2,377 learning-encounters and 822 hours of training to Rwandan health care professionals. Our strategy represents an adaptable model for simulation and skills centre development in low-resources settings PMID:25328611

Livingston, Patricia; Bailey, Jonathan; Ntakiyiruta, Georges; Mukwesi, Christian; Whynot, Sara; Brindley, Peter

2014-01-01

353

"Skills for Productive Citizenship for All": The Place of Skills Development for Micro and Small Enterprises in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three important elements of a South African vision for high skills must be spreading skills improvements across the population in general, creating policy coherence and constructing new institutions. This article examines these issues through an investigation of the micro and small enterprise (MSE) sector and, in particular, through an analysis of…

McGrath, Simon

2005-01-01

354

Mathematics development and difficulties: the role of visual-spatial perception and other cognitive skills.  

PubMed

Several neurocognitive abilities, including visual-spatial and language-based processes, attention, and fine motor/finger skills, are thought to play important roles in mathematical development and disability. Evidence for relations of specific neurocognitive skills and mathematical development and disability is presented, with a particular emphasis on findings from longitudinal studies. Why these particular neurocognitive skills are related to math is also discussed. We suggest that mathematics learning in children with congenital and acquired neurodevelopmental disorders, including children treated for cancer, is particularly vulnerable to disruption because these disorders often affect one or more of the neurocognitive systems that support math learning and performance. Implications for assessment of and interventions for math difficulties are discussed. The article ends with implications for mathematical functioning in children treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia and brain tumors. PMID:24510838

Barnes, Marcia A; Raghubar, Kimberly P

2014-10-01

355

Evaluation of Participatory Research in Developing Community Leadership Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to evaluate and explain the dynamic processes of decision-making and leadership development through participatory research, using the Malaysian experience as a case study. The focus is on the structural and situational constraints in the Malaysian rural society, the formal political machinery and the implementation of…

Karim, Wazir-Jahan B.

1982-01-01

356

Developing Literacy Skills in the Early Years: A Practical Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on literacy development during the all-important Foundation Stage years. It is aimed at anyone who works with the three-plus age group -- nursery nurses, nursery teachers, Reception class teachers, nursery and Reception assistants and students practising in day nurseries, nursery schools or Reception classes. The book sets out…

White, Hilary

2005-01-01

357

World Geography. The Port of Baltimore Workplace Skills Development Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of learning modules was developed during a project to deliver workplace literacy instruction to individuals employed in the more than 50 businesses related to the activities of the Port of Baltimore. It is intended to accomplish the following objectives: familiarize students with basic concepts of geography; give students knowledge of…

Walker, Sam

358

Developing Aural Proficiency Skills in the Business French Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the use of the re-broadcast of French television news (Le Journal de 20 Heures) as a tool to develop aural proficiency in college students enrolled in a business French course in the United States. Before viewing each 1- to 2-minute news segment, students complete vocabulary exercises and read a relevant newspaper article.…

Walsh, Cathleen

359

Building intercultural competencies: Implications for academic skills development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transition to university is a new experience for each student, with all students expected to develop new ways of thinking, learning and communicating. Many students (although this is less common in Australia) will also be adjusting to living away from home for the first time and will be absent from familiar support networks. The vocabulary of a new discipline

Patricia McLean; Laurie Ransom

360

Development of a Metalinguistic Skill: Judging the Grammaticality of Sentences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventy-seven 4-, 5-, and 6-year-old children were presented with well-formed and ill-formed versions of 10 different sentence types. They were asked to judge the grammaticality of the sentences and correct the ill-formed ones. The sentences were presented in an interview format, developed by McDaniel and Cairns (1990, 1996). Both grammaticality…

Cairns, Helen Smith; Schlisselberg, Gloria; Waltzman, Dava; McDaniel, Dana

2006-01-01

361

Skill Development for Maneuvering on the Information Highway.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help students learn to navigate the information superhighway, a 2-hour pilot program with 10 hours of guided access time was developed to test a method for teaching the basics of maneuvering the superhighway and extracting information once located. This pilot was designed as a two-part instructional session. The first instructional session…

Mosley, Barbra; Edwards, Gloria

362

Developing Intercultural Understanding and Skills: Models and Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers from a range of disciplines have been theorising and empirically examining intercultural competence and intercultural education for decades. This review article synthesises the research literature about these concepts around three questions: What is intercultural competence? How can it be developed? And how can it be measured? Our aim…

Perry, Laura B.; Southwell, Leonie

2011-01-01

363

Developing critical thinking, creativity and innovation skills of undergraduate students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A desirable goal of engineering education is to teach students how to be creative and innovative. However, the speed of technological innovation and the continual expansion of disciplinary knowledge leave little time in the curriculum for students to formally study innovation. At West Point we have developed a novel upper-division undergraduate course that develops the critical thinking, creativity and innovation of undergraduate science and engineering students. This course is structured as a deliberate interactive engagement between students and faculty that employs the Socratic method to develop an understanding of disruptive and innovative technologies and a historical context of how social, cultural, and religious factors impact the acceptance or rejection of technological innovation. The course begins by developing the background understanding of what disruptive technology is and a historical context about successes and failures of social, cultural, and religious acceptance of technological innovation. To develop this framework, students read The Innovator's Dilemma by Clayton M. Christensen, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions by Thomas S. Kuhn, The Discoverers by Daniel J. Boorstin, and The Two Cultures by C.P. Snow. For each class meeting, students survey current scientific and technical literature and come prepared to discuss current events related to technological innovation. Each student researches potential disruptive technologies and prepares a compelling argument of why the specific technologies are disruptive so they can defend their choice and rationale. During course meetings students discuss the readings and specific technologies found during their independent research. As part of this research, each student has the opportunity to interview forward thinking technology leaders in their respective fields of interest. In this paper we will describe the course and highlight the results from teaching this course over the past five years.

Shoop, Barry L.

2014-07-01

364

Developing a Test of Scientific Literacy Skills (TOSLS): Measuring Undergraduates’ Evaluation of Scientific Information and Arguments  

PubMed Central

Life sciences faculty agree that developing scientific literacy is an integral part of undergraduate education and report that they teach these skills. However, few measures of scientific literacy are available to assess students’ proficiency in using scientific literacy skills to solve scenarios in and beyond the undergraduate biology classroom. In this paper, we describe the development, validation, and testing of the Test of Scientific Literacy Skills (TOSLS) in five general education biology classes at three undergraduate institutions. The test measures skills related to major aspects of scientific literacy: recognizing and analyzing the use of methods of inquiry that lead to scientific knowledge and the ability to organize, analyze, and interpret quantitative data and scientific information. Measures of validity included correspondence between items and scientific literacy goals of the National Research Council and Project 2061, findings from a survey of biology faculty, expert biology educator reviews, student interviews, and statistical analyses. Classroom testing contexts varied both in terms of student demographics and pedagogical approaches. We propose that biology instructors can use the TOSLS to evaluate their students’ proficiencies in using scientific literacy skills and to document the impacts of curricular reform on students’ scientific literacy. PMID:23222832

Gormally, Cara; Brickman, Peggy; Lutz, Mary

2012-01-01

365

Skill-oriented humanoid robot developments for autonomous robot competitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a kid size humanoid robot, HuroEvolution, is presented. The HuroEvolution is developed for two autonomous robot competitions of RoboCup 2010 and FIRA 2010. In order to perform various competition functions, the robot structure, sensor modules, control systems and software programs are designed to meet the competition requirements of participated games. In addition to the brief introductions of

Hung-Chyun Chou; Jui-Chou Chung; Chung-Hsien Kuo; Bo-Yi Chou

2011-01-01

366

Does Skill-Development Make Elderly Japanese More Marketable?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Work incentives for the elderly Japanese male are much higher relative to those for the elderly in the other developed countries. The 2005 International Comparison of Old-Age Persons' Attitude about Life Finance (K?reisha no seikatsu to ishiki ni kansuru kokusai hikaku ch?sa), conducted by the Cabinet Office, asks the elderly male about a desirable retirement age regardless of his current

Shinya Kajitani

367

Using writing as a vehicle to promote and develop scientific concepts and process skills in fourth-grade students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of conceptual knowledge, particularly at the elementary level, is one area in which researchers and educators have noted remarkable deficiencies. The purpose of this descriptive study was to observe the impact of the use of writing as a thinking tool on the promotion and development of scientific concepts and science process skills in elementary students in the discipline of science. Reports from some of the publications for science research and educational progress cited the direct links of writing effectiveness to the development of skills in critical thinking. The study consisted of 12 fourth-grade students in the control group and their 12 fourth-grade counterparts in the experimental group. The treatment for the study was the use of learning logs by the experimental group to record their written responses to predesigned prompts related to hands-on science experiences during the intervention period. Their counterparts did no writing. Statistical measures used were Student's t tests to determine if significance was present. A pretest and posttest were given that involved written responses to the same prompt. Three judges used a specially designed rubric to evaluate and score the writing. Significant differences were found when the scores of the experimental group were analyzed between pretest and posttest. Also, a standardized test to assess basic process skills was administered prior to and after the intervention. There were no statistical differences found in either group to demonstrate that writing effected the development of process skills. The researcher determined that perhaps writing is not the best way to promote process skills. Rather, engaging in science is the best way. These skills are built separately but used in tandem, particularly when learning about science and mathematics. The implications of this study impact upon several areas of education which make up paradigms leading to good practice based on sound theory. These components include the use of writing as a tool to develop and link conceptual knowledge, use of scientific discourse in collaborative efforts, use of integration of language arts and theme-related content areas, and multiinstructional techniques. Rather than a "change" of paradigms for veteran teachers then, an "addition to" existing paradigms could lead to the changes necessary to revamp curriculum and may aid in meeting the demands of a vastly changing and diverse population of monolingual and multilingual learners experiencing gaps in their construction and demonstration of oral and written knowledge.

Disimoni, Katherine Cecilia

368

Music training for the development of auditory skills.  

PubMed

The effects of music training in relation to brain plasticity have caused excitement, evident from the popularity of books on this topic among scientists and the general public. Neuroscience research has shown that music training leads to changes throughout the auditory system that prime musicians for listening challenges beyond music processing. This effect of music training suggests that, akin to physical exercise and its impact on body fitness, music is a resource that tones the brain for auditory fitness. Therefore, the role of music in shaping individual development deserves consideration. PMID:20648064

Kraus, Nina; Chandrasekaran, Bharath

2010-08-01

369

Fostering expertise in occupational health nursing: levels of skill development.  

PubMed

1. Levels of nursing expertise described by Benner--novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient, and expert--hold potential for fostering improved practice among occupational health nurses. 2. Lacking a clear understanding of the full potential of the role of the occupational health nurse, employers may not reward the development of clinical expertise that incorporates employee advocacy within the context of written standards and guidelines. 3. Expertise in occupational health nursing can be fostered by job descriptions that incorporate a broader view of nursing (one that stresses judgment and advocacy), retention and longevity, innovative strategies for consultation and collegial interaction to foster mentoring, and distance learning strategies. PMID:8694977

Rees, P G; Hays, B J

1996-02-01

370

Developing Student Critical Thinking Skills through Teaching Psychology: An Interview with Claudio S. Hutz.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an interview with Claudio S. Hutz, who is dean of Instituto de Psicologia at Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul in Porto Alegre, Brazil, where he has been teaching psychology since 1977. Discusses topics such as teaching psychology in Brazil and developing critical thinking skills. (CMK)

McCarthy-Tucker, Sherri

2001-01-01

371

Managerial Behavior: Developing Skills for Management Effectiveness in Times of Economic Setbacks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The skills necessary for managerial success can be developed through methods directed at behavior change such as assessment centers, behaviorally anchored rating scales, role renegotiation, and feedback from educators. (Available from Office of Publications, Graduate School of Business Administration, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104,…

Beatty, Richard W.; Morgan, Cyril P.

1975-01-01

372

EFFECT OF VISUAL STRATEGIES ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNICATION SKILLS IN CHILDREN WITH AUTISM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty children with autism from special education schools in Mumbai, participated in the experimental research that aimed to document the effect of visual strategy training on development of communication skills and compare its effectiveness with existing classroom instructions. Objects, pictures, symbols and manual signs were used as visual tools. The treatment group received 14 one-to-one sessions. Each session focused on

Rubina Lal; Meeta Bali

373

MODELING DYNAMIC PROGRAMS Perhaps one of the most important skills to develop in approximate dynamic programming  

E-print Network

CHAPTER 5 MODELING DYNAMIC PROGRAMS Perhaps one of the most important skills to develop in approximate dynamic programming is the ability to write down a model of the problem. Everyone who wants and complex system dynamics. Just the same, there is a standard framework for modeling dynamic programs. We

Powell, Warren B.

374

Conquering Test Writing Anxiety: Helping Adult Learners Develop Confidence and Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is intended to assist adult educators in helping their students develop the confidence and test-taking skills required to overcome test anxiety. Section 1 contains the following items: an instrument designed to help students privately assess their standing on the anxiety scale; a play which explores flashing back to earlier negative…

Long, Ellen

375

Using a Collaborative Critiquing Technique to Develop Chemistry Students' Technical Writing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The technique, termed "collaborative critiquing", was developed to teach fundamental technical writing skills to analytical chemistry students for the preparation of laboratory reports. This exercise, which can be completed prior to peer-review activities, is novel, highly interactive, and allows students to take responsibility for their…

Carr, Jeremy M.

2013-01-01

376

Relationships between Early Language Skills and Future Literacy Development in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Practitioners as well as language approach and language development scholars need to work together to create an environment in which research-based learning methods can be put into practice with developmentally appropriate content. Inadequate attention has been given to the crucial language skills that underpin children's language and…

Shing, Richard Wong Kwok

2013-01-01

377

DEVELOPMENT OF FORAGING SKILLS AND THE TRANSITION TO INDEPENDENCE IN JUVENILE SAVANNAH SPARROWS  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the timing and pattern of the development of foraging skills in juvenile Savannah Sparrows (Passerculus sandwichensis ). Juveniles of known age, par- entage, and in some cases sex were mist netted and tested in an aviary on Kent Island, an isolated island in the Bay of Fundy, Canada. Captive birds were exposed to three standard- ized and ecologically

Nathaniel T. Wheelwright; Jennifer J. Templeton

2003-01-01

378

Kendall School Integrates Literacy Skill Development with Auditory and Speech Services: What's Happening.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an innovative program at the Kendall Demonstration Elementary School which integrates literacy skill development with auditory and speech services for students who are deaf. The program uses visual phonics; connects sign language, spoken English, and printed English; has listening/literacy centers and an assistive devices center; and…

Marshall, Stephanie; Nussbaum, Debra; Waddy-Smith, Bettie

1999-01-01

379

Accelerating the Early Numeracy Development of Kindergartners with Limited Working Memory Skills through Remedial Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Young children with limited working memory skills are a special interest group among all children that score below average on early numeracy tests. This study examines the effect of accelerating the early numeracy development of these children through remedial education, by comparing them with children with typically working memory…

Toll, Sylke W. M.; Van Luit, Johannes E. H.

2013-01-01

380

The Development of Narrative Comprehension and Its Relation to Other Early Reading Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first goal of this study was to examine young children's developing narrative comprehension abilities using theory-based, authentic measures of comprehension processes. The second goal was to examine the relations among young children's comprehension abilities and other early reading skills. Children ages 4 and 6 listened to or watched two…

Lynch, Julie S.; van den Broek, Paul; Kremer, Kathleen E.; Kendeou, Panayiota; White, Mary Jane; Lorch, Elizabeth P.

2008-01-01

381

Parent-Child Pre-School Activities Can Affect the Development of Literacy Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the nature of joint (parent-child) pre-school activities in the home, and their potential to contribute to the development of early reading skills. Assesses children on various aspects of phonological awareness, and their receptive vocabulary and short-term memory. Finds that children who engaged in a variety of pre-school, parent-child…

Wood, Clare

2002-01-01

382

The Development of Inventive Thinking Skills in the Upper Secondary Language Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The given paper presents the results of an empirical study into the efficacy of the Thinking Approach (TA) to language teaching and learning which is aimed at the development of students' inventive thinking skills in the context of foreign language education, namely learning of English. The study was conducted among upper secondary students of two…

Sokol, Alexander; Oget, David; Sonntag, Michel; Khomenko, Nikolai

2008-01-01

383

The development of inventive thinking skills in the upper secondary language classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The given paper presents the results of an empirical study into the efficacy of the Thinking Approach (TA) to language teaching and learning which is aimed at the development of students’ inventive thinking skills in the context of foreign language education, namely learning of English. The study was conducted among upper secondary students of two schools in Latvia and aimed

Alexander Sokol; David Oget; Michel Sonntag; Nikolai Khomenko

2008-01-01

384

Study Abroad as a Philosophy Major! It's not just about gaining intercultural skills, or developing self-  

E-print Network

Study Abroad as a Philosophy Major! It's not just about gaining intercultural skills, or developing... Study Abroad can allow for experiential learning within your academic plan as a Philosophy Major. Study. Study Abroad can foster civic engagement, broaden your horizons, and help you see the world through

385

Study Abroad as a Biology Major? It's not just about gaining intercultural skills, or developing self-  

E-print Network

Study Abroad as a Biology Major? It's not just about gaining intercultural skills, or developing... Study Abroad can allow for experiential learning within your academic plan as a Biology Major. Study. Study Abroad can foster civic engagement, broaden your horizons, and help you see the world through

Hampton, Randy

386

A Case Study of Online Peer Coaching of Consultant Communication Skill Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the this study was to explore how peer coaches support the development of collaborative communication skills in an online format for consultants in training (CITs). The program examined was Instructional Consultation which pairs a consultant with a teacher to work collaboratively to resolve the teacher's concern regarding a student.…

Wizda, Lorraine L.

2010-01-01

387

Reading Skills of Students with Speech Sound Disorders at Three Stages of Literacy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The relationship between phonological awareness, overall language, vocabulary, and nonlinguistic cognitive skills to decoding and reading comprehension was examined for students at 3 stages of literacy development (i.e., early elementary school, middle school, and high school). Students with histories of speech sound disorders (SSD) with…

Skebo, Crysten M.; Lewis, Barbara A.; Freebairn, Lisa A.; Tag, Jessica; Ciesla, Allison Avrich; Stein, Catherine M.

2013-01-01

388

Developing Team Skills with Self- and Peer Assessment: Are Benefits Inversely Related to Team Function?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Self- and peer assessment has proved effective in promoting the development of teamwork and other professional skills in undergraduate students. However, in previous research approximately 30 percent of students reported that its use produced no perceived improvement in their teamwork experience. It was hypothesised that a significant…

Willey, Keith; Gardner, Anne

2009-01-01

389

Design and Implementation of Mapping Software: Developing Technology and Geography Skills in Two Different Learning Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A software development collaboration project designed to maximize the skill sets and interests of school children and teachers, educational software technologists and researchers, and college undergraduates is presented. The work brings elementary school children with college seniors and technology consultants to implement a problem-solving…

Friedman, Robert S.; Drakes, Jerri; Deek, Fadi P.

2002-01-01

390

Mobile App Development to Increase Student Engagement and Problem Solving Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a project designed to promote problem solving and critical thinking skills in a general education, computing course at an open access institution. A visual programming tool, GameSalad, was used to enable students to create educational apps for mobile platforms. The students worked on a game development project for the entire…

Dekhane, Sonal; Xu, Xin; Tsoi, Mai Yin

2013-01-01

391

The Role of Family in the Development of Social Skills in Children with Physical Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to identify the family characteristics that promote the development of social skills in children with physical disabilities. Parents and teachers completed a range of questionnaires in an Australia?wide study of 212 parents of children (5–12 years of age) with physical disabilities who attend mainstream schools. The relationships between parental attitudes, parental involvement, family relationships, teachers’ opinions, disability

Kellie S. Bennett; David A. Hay

2007-01-01

392

Bridging Theory and Practice: Developing Lower-Level Skills in L2 Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies on L2 reading have provided extensive evidence for the significant contribution of lower-level processing skills in learning to read and the critical impact on the overall development of L2 reading of more accurate and fluent connections between three sub-lexical components: phonology, orthography and semantics. The broad consensus among…

Kato, Shigeo

2012-01-01

393

The Role of Family in the Development of Social Skills in Children with Physical Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to identify the family characteristics that promote the development of social skills in children with physical disabilities. Parents and teachers completed a range of questionnaires in an Australia-wide study of 212 parents of children (5-12 years of age) with physical disabilities who attend mainstream schools. The relationships…

Bennett, Kellie S.; Hay, David A.

2007-01-01

394

Developing Critical Thinking Skills and Improving Expressive Language through Creative Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A practicum was conducted to develop critical thinking and improve expression through creative written language utilizing precision teaching as an evaluation of student performance. Six students (grades second through sixth) with low idea generation and few organization skills were trained by three teachers and a teacher advisor using…

Goodman, Harriet E.

395

The Impact of Faculty Teaching Practices on the Development of Students' Critical Thinking Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities recognize that one of the primary goals of higher education is to promote students' ability to think critically. Using data from the Wabash National Study of Liberal Arts Education (WNS), this study examined the relationship between faculty teaching practices and the development of students' critical thinking skills

Shim, Woo-jeong; Walczak, Kelley

2012-01-01

396

Development and Standardization of the Cornell Learning and Study Skills Inventory (CLASSIC).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research conducted at Cornell University over the past decade suggests seven different learning competency factors are more pertinent to ineffective learning at the secondary school and college levels than reading competency. The Cornell Learning and Study Skills Inventory (CLASSIC) was developed to assess these factors, to serve as a means for…

Cassel, Russell N.; Pauk, Walter J.

397

Developing Experimental Design and Troubleshooting Skills in an Advanced Biochemistry Lab.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creates an advanced biochemistry laboratory course that focuses on the development of experimental design and troubleshooting skills which provide students with the opportunity to design and evaluate their own experiments through semester-long independent projects with a common theme. Indicates that students were often frustrated but felt that the…

Roberts, Linda M.

2001-01-01

398

Breaking the Maths Barrier. A Kit for Building Staff Development Skills in Adult Numeracy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This kit is designed to develop the adult numeracy skills of literacy and mathematics trained teachers in Australia using a participatory workshop approach. The kit is divided into five chapters. Each chapter contains theoretical and background information, a sequence of structured activities in which participating teachers actively engage, and…

Marr, Beth; Helme, Sue

399

Ghanaian Folk Songs: Training Ground for Music and Social Skill Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article considers Ghanaian folk songs as a training ground for music and social skill development. The U.S. is in cultural transition. Such changes have brought about reforms in educational policy including how teachers and school boards address ethnic diversity. The music of Africa is as diverse as its geography and its numerous ethnic…

Reynolds, Geoffrey

2005-01-01

400

Skill Development PLATO Use at Reuther Alternative High School Kenosha, Wisconsin. PLATO Evaluation Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reuther High School has been an alternative school in the Kenosha, Wisconsin, school district for many years. In 1998, PLATO Learning, Inc. made it possible for Reuther to offer consistent skill development on a flexible schedule through computer assisted instruction. PLATO systems have been made part of five credit completion programs. An…

Quinn, Nancy W.; Quinn, David W.

401

Development of the Performance of Process Skills (POPS) Test for Middle Grades Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to construct a valid and reliable noncurriculum specific measure of integrated science process skills intended for use with middle school students. The major efforts in test development were focused on the refinements and modifications of the set of objectives and test items assessed by the existing Middle Grades…

Mattheis, Floyd E.; Nakayama, Genzo

402

The Development of Working Memory from Kindergarten to First Grade in Children with Different Decoding Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the development of working memory ability (measured by tasks assessing all four working memory components) from the end of kindergarten to the end of first grade--the first year reading is taught in school--and the relationship between working memory abilities in kindergarten and first grade and reading skills in first…

Nevo, Einat; Breznitz, Zvia

2013-01-01

403

Parental Involvement in the Development of Children's Reading Skill: A Five-Year Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the findings of the final phase of a 5-year longitudinal study with 168 middle- and upper middle-class children in which the complex relations among early home literacy experiences, subsequent re- ceptive language and emergent literacy skills, and reading achievement were examined. Results showed that children's exposure to books was related to the development of vocabulary and listening

Monique Senechal; Jo-Anne LeFevre

2002-01-01

404

Views of Sport Science Graduates Regarding Work Skills Developed at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been recent interest in how higher education might improve the employability of students, although there is little feedback from graduates about the value of university experiences to their working life. The aim of the study therefore was to investigate the views of graduates regarding the extent to which work skills had been developed…

Sleap, Mike; Reed, Helen

2006-01-01

405

Skills Development Training in the Consultancy Mode: An Experience in Ecuador.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of instructional planners from the United States was invited to help establish a vocational skills development project to help meet the need for adequately trained workers in Ecuador's small- and medium-sized enterprises in the industrial, service, commercial and agricultural sectors of the economy. A logicodialetical model called the CLER…

Bhola, H. S.

406

Activating Community Health Center Patients in Developing Question-Formulation Skills: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors developed and delivered a brief patient activation intervention (PAI) that sought to facilitate physician-patient communication. The intervention was designed to assist low-income, racial/ethnic minority users of community health centers in building skills and confidence asking questions. The PAI takes 8 to 10 minutes to deliver and…

Lu, Wei-Hsin; Deen, Darwin; Rothstein, Dan; Santana, Luz; Gold, Marthe R.

2011-01-01

407

Technological and management skills development an imperative for economic growth: A South African perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ramifications of the global economic meltdown have exposed the economic vulnerability and the underlying structural flaws in the economy of many nations, and South Africa as a developing nation is certainly no exception to the rule. It is suggested in this paper that one such flaw is the skills paradox that exists, in that while the South Africa has

Siebert Benade

2010-01-01

408

Effects of Two Instructional Approaches on Skill Development, Knowledge, and Game Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two instructional approaches that have been of interest in promoting sport have been the Sport Education Model (SEM) and the Traditional Style (TS) of teaching physical education. The purpose of this study was to investigate how SEM and TS would affect skill development, knowledge, and game performance for volleyball at the secondary level. A 2 x…

Pritchard, Tony; Hawkins, Andrew; Wiegand, Robert; Metzler, Jonathan N.

2008-01-01

409

Say What?! L2 Sociopragmatic Competence in CMC: Skill Transfer and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More so than any other type of learner error, pragmatic mistakes interfere with the ability to communicate (Bardovi-Harlig & Dörnyei, 1998), yet there is relatively little understanding of how pragmatic competence develops in the language classroom or how best to teach it, and whether relevant skills may transfer from the L1 (Eisenchlas, 2011;…

Abrams, Zsuzsanna

2013-01-01

410

The trainee will develop skills in the marketing area focusing on advanced webmarketing tools  

E-print Network

, project management, online marketing leverage, customer and sales orientation Company description AlenisThe trainee will develop skills in the marketing area focusing on advanced webmarketing tools get to propose new marketing ideas, sharing possessed experience and knowledge be part of a great team work

Schüler, Axel

411

The Learner-Directed Classroom: Developing Creative Thinking Skills through Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators at all levels want their students to develop habits of self-directed learning and critical problem-solving skills that encourage ownership and growth. In "The Learner-Directed Classroom," practicing art educators (PreK-16) offer both a comprehensive framework for understanding student-directed learning and concrete pedagogical strategies…

Jaquith, Diane B., Ed.; Hathaway, Nan E., Ed.

2012-01-01

412

The Impact of Child-Centered Group Play Therapy on Social Skills Development of Kindergarten Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of social adjustment during elementary school is of critical importance because early socialization skills are an important predictor of both future social and emotional functioning. However, an examination of current literature reveals there is limited research utilizing sound research methodology and evaluation protocols for…

Kascsak, Theresa Marie

2012-01-01

413

Extending the Flipped Classroom Model: Developing Second Language Writing Skills through Student-Created Digital Videos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a project that aimed to leverage the students' interest and experience of technology and multimodal environments to develop their academic writing skills and second language learning. Students were expected to follow a model, research a topic, and craft a digital video tutorial on an aspect of academic writing which would…

Engin, Marion

2014-01-01

414

Using a Multimedia-Based Program for Developing Student Teachers' EFL Speaking Fluency Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of using a multimedia-based program for developing EFL speaking fluency skills among second year, English section student teachers. The sample of the present study consisted of thirty students at Sadat Faculty of Education, Minufiya University, Egypt. The study sample was…

Diyyab, Eman Aly; Abdel-Haq, Eman Muhamad; Aly, Mahsoub Abdel-Sadeq

2013-01-01

415

The Role of Live Video Capture Production in the Development of Student Communication Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Civil and natural resources engineering students at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand, take specific courses requiring small group research projects and the presentation of findings to staff and peers. Although one of the aims of these presentations is to assist in the development of the students' communication skills, staff have raised…

O'Donoghue, Michael; Cochrane, Tom A.

2010-01-01

416

Design and Evaluation of Simulations for the Development of Complex Decision-Making Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Command and Control Training Using Simulation (CACTUS) is a computer digital mapping system used by police to manage large-scale public events. Audio and video records of adaptive training scenarios using CACTUS show how the simulation develops decision-making skills for strategic and tactical event management. (SK)

Hartley, Roger; Varley, Glen

2002-01-01

417

The Impact of the Development of Verbal Recoding on Children's Early Writing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The spontaneous recoding of visual stimuli into a phonological code to aid short-term retention has been associated with progress in learning to read (Palmer, 2000b). Aim: This study examined whether there was a comparable association with the development of writing skills. Sample: One hundred eight children (64 males) in the second…

Adams, Anne-Marie; Simmons, Fiona R.; Willis, Catherine S.; Porter, Sarah

2013-01-01

418

The Development of Language Skills in Bonobo and Chimpanzee--I. Comprehension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study examined the development of language skills in a bonobo and a chimpanzee raised by human caregivers since infancy, focusing on the primates' ability to comprehend simple speech, understand referential symbol use, and engage in intentionally communicative routines. It is argued that comparative results from these primates can…

Brakke, Karen E.; Savage-Rumbaugh, E. Sue

1995-01-01

419

The Early Development of Sight-Reading Skills in Adulthood: A Study of Eye Movements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study the effects of skill development on the eye movements of beginning adult sight-readers were examined, focusing on changes in the allocation of visual attention within metrical units as well as in the processing of larger melodic intervals. The participants were future elementary school teachers, taking part in a 9-month-long music…

Penttinen, Marjaana; Huovinen, Erkki

2011-01-01

420

Developing Face-to-Face Argumentation Skills: Does Arguing on the Computer Help?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguing on the computer was used as a method to promote development of face-to-face argumentation skills in middle schoolers. In the study presented, sixth graders engaged in electronic dialogues with peers on a controversial topic and in some reflective activities based on transcriptions of the dialogues. Although participants initially exhibited…

Iordanou, Kalypso

2013-01-01

421

The GRID[subscript C] Project: Developing Students' Thinking Skills in a Data-Rich Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of using renewable energy data, obtained from a comprehensive data acquisition system, on improving students' learning and developing their higher-order learning skills. This study used renewable energy data available through a data acquisition system installed and tested by the Green Research…

DeLuca, V. William; Lari, Nasim

2011-01-01

422

The Effect of Using Computer Edutainment on Developing 2nd Primary Graders' Writing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study attempted to examine the effect of using computer edutainment on developing 2nd graders' writing skills. The study comprised thirty-second year primary stage enrolled in Bani Hamad primary governmental school, Minia governorate. The study adopted the quasi-experimental design. Thirty participants were randomly assigned to one…

Mohammed Abdel Raheem, Azza Ashraf

2011-01-01

423

Developing Argument Skills in Severely Disadvantaged Adolescent Males in a Residential Correctional Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigate whether the intervention designed by Kuhn and Udell (2003) to develop argument skills could be implemented productively among adolescent males in a residential juvenile detention facility--boys who were educationally disengaged and severely disadvantaged academically as well as socially. Compared to a control group from the same…

De Fuccio, MaryAnne; Kuhn, Deanna; Udell, Wadiya; Callender, Kerry

2009-01-01

424

Relationship of Direct Instruction and Practice to Development of Motor Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of a practicum study comparing two kindergarten classes scoring similarly on a pretest of motor development indicated that children receiving direct instruction in motor skills for 10 weeks scored significantly higher on a posttest than did controls. The practicum was implemented because of classroom teachers' expressed concern about their…

Matronia, Cheryl A.

425

Development and Testing of a Scale to Assess Interprofessional Education (IPE) Facilitation Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Interprofessional education (IPE) is interactive and constructivist in nature and requires specific facilitation skills to engage participants in a unique body of content, interpersonal interaction, and learning from each other. This article describes the development and testing of a scale, the Interprofessional Facilitation Scale…

Sargeant, Joan; Hill, Tanya; Breau, Lynn

2010-01-01

426

Developing a Corpus-Based Paraphrase Tool to Improve EFL Learners' Writing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paraphrasing, or restating information using different words, is critical to successful writing. However, EFL learners have difficulty in making paraphrases to meet their writing demands, and there has been little research on developing automatic reference tools to assist these learners' paraphrasing skills for better writing quality. In this…

Chen, M.-H.; Huang, S.-T.; Chang, J. S.; Liou, H.-C.

2015-01-01

427

Improving the Communication Skills of IS Developers during Requirements Elicitation Using Experiential Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The improvement of communication skills among Information Systems (IS) developers can be considered as a strategy to mitigate the risk of project failure during IS design. This paper addresses issues on various communication barriers normally encountered during its requirements elicitation (RE) stage. This study aims to adopt experiential learning…

Qurban, Mustafa H.; Austria, Richmond D.

2009-01-01

428

Perceptions of Skill Development in a Living-Learning First-Year Experience Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of students and faculty involved in a living-learning first-year experience program at a small, liberal arts institution about developing skills for life-long learning including critical thinking, written communication, and reflection and engagement across disciplines. The researcher…

Smith, Kerri Anna

2012-01-01

429

Technological Change and Skills Development. EEE700 Adults Learning: The Changing Workplace A.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is part of the study materials for the distance education course, Adults Learning: The Changing Workplace A, in the Open Campus Program at Deakin University. The first part of the document examines the relationship between technological change and skills development. The following topics are discussed: the new technological…

Bernard, Elaine

430

Hard Work on Soft Skills: Creating a "Culture of Work" in Workforce Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication describes four highly regarded workforce development programs, concentrating on how they cultivate emotional intelligence--how they prepare trainees for the cultural demands of the workplace. Section 1 describes how ACHIEVE, Cabrillo Community College, Watsonville, California (CA) teaches business dress, skills and culture in two…

Houghton, Ted; Proscio, Tony

431

Revisiting the Effects of Balance and Motor Skill Development in Deaf Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the literature on the relationship between balance and motor skill development as it relates to physical activity levels, physical fitness levels, and overall quality of life. Findings are related to educational programming needs of young deaf children. (Author/DB)

Ellis, M. Kathleen; Stewart, David A.

1997-01-01

432

Job Development Plans. STIP II (Skill Training Improvement Programs Round II).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four reports are presented detailing the plans for obtaining employment and ensuring job retention for students who have completed a course of study in the Los Angeles Community College District's Skill Training Improvement Programs (STIP II). Job development plans are submitted for: Los Angeles Southwest College's computer programming program;…

Los Angeles Community Coll. District, CA.

433

Developing a Process-Oriented Translation Test for Assessing English-Arabic Basic Translation Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reviews translation validated tests and proposes a process-oriented translation test for assessing basic translation skills for freshmen English majors at the faculty of Education. The proposed test is developed based on the process approach to translating and translation teaching, and is confined to translation from English to Arabic.…

Abdellah, Antar Solhy

2007-01-01

434

A Critical Review of the National Skills Development Strategy in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an update on the Special Edition of the "Journal of Vocational Education and Training" 57, no. 3, 2005, which focused on the launch of the National Skills Development Strategy (NSDS) in South Africa. The analysis here evaluates the impact of the first phase of the NSDS, which ran between 1 April 2001 and 31 March 2005. The…

Kraak, Andre

2008-01-01

435

Improving Skill Development: An Exploratory Study Comparing a Philosophical and an Applied Ethical Analysis Technique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study compares and contrasts two types of critical thinking techniques; one is a philosophical and the other an applied ethical analysis technique. The two techniques analyse an ethically challenging situation involving ICT that a recent media article raised to demonstrate their ability to develop the ethical analysis skills of…

Al-Saggaf, Yeslam; Burmeister, Oliver K.

2012-01-01

436

Want to develop leadership skills, complete a design project, or understand how Google  

E-print Network

Want to develop leadership skills, complete a design project, or understand how Google Maps work and patterns in science and nature. Students will find the answers to questions such as "How do Google Maps, then go online at summer.iit.edu for full details and instructions on how to apply. LOOKING FOR SOMETHING

Heller, Barbara

437

Spaces for Dynamic Bilingualism in Read-Aloud Discussions: Developing and Strengthening Bilingual and Academic Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A substantial body of research has collectively concluded that encouraging students to draw flexibly on multiple aspects of their linguistic repertoires is positively associated with developing bilingualism, metalinguistic awareness, and academic skills. However, most bilingual education programs--including transitional and dual-language--limit,…

Worthy, Jo; Durán, Leah; Hikida, Michiko; Pruitt, Alina; Peterson, Katie

2013-01-01

438

Basic Skills Certificate Development: A Report on State and National Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with representatives from nine states (Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Iowa, Ohio [Canton City Schools only], Oregon, Rhode Island, and West Virginia) and two nations (Australia and the United Kingdom) provided a context for the development of a certificate of basic or foundational skills as an indicator of an adult's…

By the Numbers, State College, PA.

439

A Three-Year Chemistry Seminar Program Focusing on Career Development Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An innovative, three-year seminar program was developed for undergraduates at The College of New Jersey (TCNJ) that supplements the core chemistry curriculum by teaching the auxiliary skills necessary for life as a professional chemist. Advising, good laboratory practice, and information literacy are the strategic components of this program that…

Tucci, Valerie K.; O'Connor, Abby R.; Bradley, Lynn M.

2014-01-01

440

The development of working memory from kindergarten to first grade in children with different decoding skills.  

PubMed

This study investigated the development of working memory ability (measured by tasks assessing all four working memory components) from the end of kindergarten to the end of first grade-the first year reading is taught in school-and the relationship between working memory abilities in kindergarten and first grade and reading skills in first grade. A sample of 97 children who participated in Nevo and Breznitz's earlier study [Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 109 (2011) 73-90] were divided into two groups according to their decoding skills, resulting in 24 poor decoders and 73 typical decoders. The entire cohort improved significantly on all of the working memory measures from kindergarten to first grade, with the phonological complex memory at both time points showing the highest correlations with reading skills at first grade. However, there were differences found between the two decoding groups, with poor decoders exhibiting lower working memory abilities in most working memory measures, performing significantly lower on tests of all three reading skills (decoding, reading comprehension, and reading speed), and showing higher correlation coefficients between reading skills. Findings suggest that even before formal teaching of reading begins, it is important to reinforce working memory abilities in order to maximize future reading achievements. PMID:23073369

Nevo, Einat; Breznitz, Zvia

2013-02-01

441

Playing off the curve - testing quantitative predictions of skill acquisition theories in development of chess performance  

PubMed Central

Learning curves have been proposed as an adequate description of learning processes, no matter whether the processes manifest within minutes or across years. Different mechanisms underlying skill acquisition can lead to differences in the shape of learning curves. In the current study, we analyze the tournament performance data of 1383 chess players who begin competing at young age and play tournaments for at least 10 years. We analyze the performance development with the goal to test the adequacy of learning curves, and the skill acquisition theories they are based on, for describing and predicting expertise acquisition. On the one hand, we show that the skill acquisition theories implying a negative exponential learning curve do a better job in both describing early performance gains and predicting later trajectories of chess performance than those theories implying a power function learning curve. On the other hand, the learning curves of a large proportion of players show systematic qualitative deviations from the predictions of either type of skill acquisition theory. While skill acquisition theories predict larger performance gains in early years and smaller gains in later years, a substantial number of players begin to show substantial improvements with a delay of several years (and no improvement in the first years), deviations not fully accounted for by quantity of practice. The current work adds to the debate on how learning processes on a small time scale combine to large-scale changes. PMID:25202292

Gaschler, Robert; Progscha, Johanna; Smallbone, Kieran; Ram, Nilam; Bilali?, Merim

2014-01-01

442

Professional Development and Skill Building inProfessional Development and Skill Building in Medical and Life Science: Management  

E-print Network

?Are Leaders Born or Made? Pre 20th Century ­ Great ManTheory 1900-1950 ­ TraitTheory 1950's ­ h l: Management StylesFollow-up: Management Styles US & European Business Leaders: ESTJ (21%), ENTJ (15%), ISTJ/communicates 4. Measurement 5 D l l (i l di lf)5. Develops people (including self) #12;Are "Leaders" Born or Made

Puglisi, Joseph

443

An Approach for Technical Skill Development & Succession in Kyushu Electric Power Co., Inc  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The original mission as electric power supplier is to stably supply high-quality and inexpensive electricity. In order to achieve this mission, for the employees that actually deal with the electric equipment, to engage themselves in precise job performance is crucial. In fostering human resources, we emphasize both on knowledge development that is required for employees and on skill building that is necessary for the precise job performance. Each engineering department is proactive in conducting the engineering training that is devised along with respective operation through OJT and Off-JT to acquire and transfer practical techniques and skills. Hereafter, we will furthermore work to enhance in-company training, visualizing the techniques and skills that engineers are required to acquire, and the achievement that each engineer has acquired.

Higuchi, Takahiro

444

Unlocking the Power of Observation: Activities to teach early learners the fundamentals of an important inquiry skill  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The dawn of a new school year is the perfect time to reflect on last year's successes while setting even higher expectations for the upcoming year. For several years, many of our new-school-year resolutions have revolved around a common theme: improving the introduction of inquiry skills to young (kindergarten through second grade) learners, particularly students with limited English-language skills. After experiencing many partial successes, we have found that following easy-to-implement workshop activities to be just what we needed to make our resolutions come true. The activities focus on observation and communication. These skills not only help to focus young children's natural curiosity but also build a solid foundation for future scientific learning.

Dean M. Martin

2006-09-01

445

Using Children's Books to Teach Inquiry Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood teachers realize the importance of inquiry-based instruction for children's science learning and their development of inquiry skills. The term "inquiry skills" refers to the science process skills scientists use to investigate the natural world--observing, inferring, posing questions, recording data, looking for patterns, and…

Sackes, Mesut; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Flevares, Lucia M.

2009-01-01

446

The Effect of the Values Education Programme on 5.5-6 Year Old Children's Social Development: Social Skills, Psycho-Social Development and Social Problem Solving Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of the Values Education Programme (developed for pre-school children) on the children's social skills, psycho-social development, and social problem solving skills. The sample group consisted of 66 children (33 experimental group, 33 control group) attending pre-school. The Values Education…

Dereli-Iman, Esra

2014-01-01

447

General Education Skills Development: An Analysis of Students' General Educational Skills Development at College of DuPage Utilizing Four Rounds of CAAP Scores--Fall 1998, 1999 to Spring 1999, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report discusses students' general educational skills development and outcomes assessment at College of DuPage (COD)(Illinois). Since one goal of general education assessment was to provide a comparison to other institutions, selection from among three national standardized tests of general skills was undertaken rather than the development of…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

448

Development of a skill training program for parents of substance-abusing adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report discusses the development of a coping skill training program for parents of substance-abusing adolescents and presents preliminary data on the effects of the program on parent functioning and adolescent substance use. The behavioral–analytic model of program development was used to sample representative problematic situations experienced by parents of substance-abusing adolescents, obtain an effectiveness-scaling of responses to these situations,

Neil B McGillicuddy; Robert G Rychtarik; Joan A Duquette; Elizabeth T Morsheimer

2001-01-01

449

Development and Evaluation of a Sexual Decision-Making and Social Skills Program: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of interactive videodisc programs designed to reduce HIV\\/STD risk behaviors was developed and evaluated. Separate programs were developed for each of three race\\/ethnicities (African American, Hispanic, and Caucasian) at each of two age levels (middle school and high school) using extensive formative procedures. Each program uses scenarios with extensive branching story lines to teach decision-making skills and socially

John Noell; Dennis Ary; Terry Duncan

1997-01-01

450

Teachers' Support in Using Computers for Developing Students' Listening and Speaking Skills in Pre-Sessional English Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many computer-assisted language learning (CALL) studies have found that teacher direction can help learners develop language skills at their own pace on computers. However, many teachers still do not know how to provide support for students to use computers to reinforce the development of their language skills. Hence, more examples of CALL…

Zou, Bin

2013-01-01

451

Look who's talking: A comparison of lecture and group discussion teaching strategies in developing critical thinking skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compares the effectiveness of traditional lecture methods of instruction to group discussion methods of instruction in developing critical thinking skills. The participants in this study were 118 students enrolled in introductory interpersonal communication classes. No significant difference was found between the two instructional methods in developing critical thinking skills. However, significant gains were found from the pretest to

Colleen Garside

1996-01-01

452

Human Resources Development and the Skills Crisis in South Africa: The Need for a Multi-Pronged Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a critique of the 'high skills' argument which, in the international literature, presents a high skill strategy as an adjunct and necessary condition for the successful expansion of human resources development (HRD) alongside social market institutions and 'joined up' policy. For a developing country such as South Africa,…

Kraak, Andre

2005-01-01

453

Adventure-Based Programming and Social Skill Development in the Lives of Diverse Youth: Perspectives from Two Research Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social skill development is emerging as an important issue for educators and practitioners in their work with adolescent youth. This presentation will use the results from two ongoing research projects to examine the relationship between adventure-based programming and social skill development in the lives of diverse youth. The first project is…

Shirilla, Paul

2009-01-01

454

Behavioral coaching in the development of skills in football, gymnastics, and tennis  

PubMed Central

A review of the literature indicates that methods of skill acquisition based on the operant paradigm have been scientifically validated with many motor behaviors. However, these procedures have been limited to the use of positive reinforcement for correct performance when applied to the acquisition of complex sports skills in natural settings. To find complementary procedures to enhance skill acquisition, a coaching method involving several behavioral techniques was developed that focused on remediation of errors. This coaching method combined the following components: (1) systematic use of verbal instructions and feedback, (2) positive and negative reinforcement, (3) positive practice, and (4) time out. Three sports, football, gymnastics, and tennis, were selected to determine the effectiveness and generality of this behavioral coaching method. A total of 23 male and female subjects, ranging in age from 11 to 35, was included in this study. Baseline data were first collected for each sport under standard coaching conditions. Next, the behavioral coaching method was evaluated depending on the sport in either a multiple baseline or a reversal design. The behavioral dimensions selected were blocking in football; backward walkovers, front hand springs, and reverse kips in gymnastics; and the forehand, backhand, and serve in tennis. Behavioral coaching was immediately effective in increasing the correct execution of complex skills in all three sports. Gains of up to 10 times the baseline performance were achieved in each sport. In football, behavioral coaching resulted in an increase in correct blocking performance from a baseline average of 5% to 51.3%. Gymnasts' performances increased from baseline averages of 2.7% to 52.6% across the three skills. In tennis, standard coaching produced an average of 6% correct performance which increased dramatically under behavioral coaching to 57% across the three strokes. The success of the behavioral coaching package used here suggests that a technology of behavior may offer additional and complementary strategies to the acquisition of motor skills in the natural environment. PMID:16795626

Allison, Mary Ghesquiere; Ayllon, Teodoro

1980-01-01

455

Development of the VBLaST™: A Virtual Basic Laparoscopic Skill Trainer  

PubMed Central

Background Minimally invasive surgery has become more and more important in modern hospitals. In this context, increasingly more surgeons need to be trained to master the necessary laparoscopic surgical skills. The Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) training tool box has now been adopted by the Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) as an official training tool. While useful, there are major drawbacks of such physical tool boxes including the need to constantly replace training materials, inability to perform objective quantification of skill and the inability to easily adapt to training surgeons on surgical robots such as the da Vinci® which provides high resolution stereo visualization. Methods To overcome the limitations of the FLS training tool box, we have developed a Virtual Basic Laparoscopic Skill Trainer (VBLaST™) system, which will allow trainees to acquire basic laparoscopic skill training through the bimanual performance of four tasks including peg transfer, pattern cutting, ligating loop and suturing. A high update rate of about 1 kHz is necessary to ensure continuous haptic interactions and smooth transitions. Results The outcome of this work is the development of an integrated visio-haptic workstation environment including two Phantom® Omni™ force feedback devices and a 3D display interface from Planar Systems, Inc whereby trainees can practice on virtual versions of the FLS tasks in 2D as well as in 3D, thereby allowing them to practice both for traditional laparoscopic surgery as well as that using the da Vinci® system. Realistic graphical rendering and high fidelity haptic interactions are achieved through several innovations in modeling complex interactions of tissues and deformable objects. Conclusions Surgical skill training is a long and tedious process of acquiring fine motor skills. Even when complex and realistic surgical trainers with realistic organ geometries and tissue properties, which are currently being developed by academic researchers as well as the industry, mature to the stage of being routinely used in surgical training, basic skill trainers such as VBLaST™ will not lose their relevance. It is expected that residents would start on trainers such as VBLaST™ and after reaching a certain level of competence would progress to the more complex trainers for training on specific surgical procedures. In this regard, the development of the VBLaST™ is highly significant and timely. PMID:18348181

Maciel, Anderson; Liu, Youquan; Ahn, Woojin; Singh, T. Paul; Dunnican, Ward; De, Suvranu

2009-01-01

456

Developing the critical thinking skills of astrobiology students through creative and scientific inquiry.  

PubMed

Scientific inquiry represents a multifaceted approach to explore and understand the natural world. Training students in the principles of scientific inquiry can help promote the scientific learning process as well as help students enhance their understanding of scientific research. Here, we report on the development and implementation of a learning module that introduces astrobiology students to the concepts of creative and scientific inquiry, as well as provide practical exercises to build critical thinking skills. The module contained three distinct components: (1) a creative inquiry activity designed to introduce concepts regarding the role of creativity in scientific inquiry; (2) guidelines to help astrobiology students formulate and self-assess questions regarding various scientific content and imagery; and (3) a practical exercise where students were allowed to watch a scientific presentation and practice their analytical skills. Pre- and post-course surveys were used to assess the students' perceptions regarding creative and scientific inquiry and whether this activity impacted their understanding of the scientific process. Survey results indicate that the exercise helped improve students' science skills by promoting awareness regarding the role of creativity in scientific inquiry and building their confidence in formulating and assessing scientific questions. Together, the module and survey results confirm the need to include such inquiry-based activities into the higher education classroom, thereby helping students hone their critical thinking and question asking skill set and facilitating their professional development in astrobiology. PMID:25474292

Foster, Jamie S; Lemus, Judith D

2015-01-01

457

Developing Practical Skills for Quality Assurance and Metrology Applications in Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Quality control on the plant floor is practiced much differently than it is presented in the classroom with numerous opportunities for inaccurate data collection and unclear conclusions. Experienced quality professionals often find that newly hired graduates have difficulty with issues such as gaging, data interpretation, and conforming to a production and cost oriented environment. While many of these issues are a matter of experience, both industry professionals and the related literature indicate that applied quality concepts should be added to basic quality control curricula at the college level. Every effort should be made to strengthen students skills by combining theoretical knowledge with practical situations. Developing Practical Skills for Quality Assurance and Metrology Applications in Manufacturing investigates the practical skills needed by entry level personnel in the quality control environment. The procedure used to gain this information includes:1) In-depth conversations with industry professionals to identify needed skills and specific gaps in entry-level abilities; 2) Development and validation of a survey tool to determine practical industryrequirements of entry-level quality control personnel; 3) Administering the survey and drawing conclusions from the results. The paper ends with suggested classroom activities to give students experience in capability analysis, statistical process control, gage R&R, and process analysis.

Amos, Scott

458

Developing Knowledge and Skills for Aspiring Educational Leaders that Address Best Practices in Classroom Assessment and Instruction: An NCPEA Course Module  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an Instructional Module for a course entitled Assessment and Instruction for Educational Leaders addresses classroom assessment and the evaluation of instruction. The goal of this course is to help aspiring educational leaders to develop teacher observation and evaluation skills, better understand the construction of teacher generated…

Del Favero, Frank

2011-01-01

459

Motor development and motor resonance difficulties in autism: relevance to early intervention for language and communication skills  

PubMed Central

Research suggests that a sub-set of children with autism experience notable difficulties and delays in motor skills development, and that a large percentage of children with autism experience deficits in motor resonance. These motor-related deficiencies, which evidence suggests are present from a very early age, are likely to negatively affect social-communicative and language development in this population. Here, we review evidence for delayed, impaired, and atypical motor development in infants and children with autism. We then carefully review and examine the current language and communication-based intervention research that is relevant to motor and motor resonance (i.e., neural “mirroring” mechanisms activated when we observe the actions of others) deficits in children with autism. Finally, we describe research needs and future directions and developments for early interventions aimed at addressing the speech/language and social-communication development difficulties in autism from a motor-related perspective. PMID:23630476

McCleery, Joseph P.; Elliott, Natasha A.; Sampanis, Dimitrios S.; Stefanidou, Chrysi A.

2013-01-01

460

A Study on Feature of Eye Tracking in Difference of Skill Level during Observational Learning of Movement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, it often said that it is one of the means that the observational learning promotes the acquisition of sports and athletic skills. We think that the inexperienced person can efficiently acquire athletic skills by using the observational method of the expert as an index of the observational method in the observational learning. Then, in the present study, the expert and inexperienced person's glance characteristic were compared, and it was examined whether the observational method of the expert was able to be used as an index of the observational method of the inexperienced person. The glance characteristics are a glance transition, glance total moved distance, the gazing duration, moreover glance moved distance and radial velocity between each gaze points. Additionally, we investigated whether there was a change in physical performance before and after the observational learning, and two different observational learning groups (the expert's observational method group, the free observation group). In result, it was clarified that the expert concentrated, observed a constant part of the movement, and the inexperienced person was observing the entire movement. Moreover, the result that glance total moved distance was shorter than the inexperienced person, and expert's gazing duration was longer than the inexperienced person. It was clarified that the expert was efficiently emphatically observing the point of the movement from these results. In addition, the inexperienced persons have advanced physical performance through the observational learning. Then the expert's observational method group advanced physical performance better than the free observation group. Therefore we suggested that the observational method of the expert be able to be used as an index of the method of observing the inexperienced person.

Nuruki, Atsuo; Shimozono, Tomoyuki; Kawabata, Takuro; Yamada, Masafumi; Yunokuchi, Kazutomo; Maruyama, Atsuo

461

Using Intentional Development of Research Skills as a Framework for Curriculum Reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We advocate that geoscience departmental or community discussions related to curriculur revision or accreditation should be considered within a framework that clearly and intentionally develops research and professional skills throughout the curricular structure. Among the primary qualities sought by geoscience employers and graduate schools are graduates with strong research, critical thinking, field, communication, and people/team skills. While these should be the hallmark of a liberally educated graduate, we think it is imperative to explicitly develop and assess these skills as part of the same curricular framework used for organizing essential content. Though many organizations and authors have argued about the importance and effectiveness of undergraduate research as a means to develop higher level skill sets, discussions of geoscience accreditation or curricular revision commonly emphasize the choice of a core set of courses or content. Drummond and Markin (2008) highlight the commonalities among core geoscience courses. However, their summary, and our own experiences and program comparisons also point out diversity among successful geoscience program cores that may relate to expansion of the boundaries of our discipline, geographic factors, and/or size and character of department faculty. At Western Carolina University (WCU) and more recently at Grand Valley State University, attempts at curricular revision were initially stymied by difficulties in defining core courses. At WCU, focus on a critical skills framework helped to work through these challenges to establish a revised geology curriculum in 2000 with explicit goals to build critical thinking, reasoning, synthesis, and communication skills. To achieve these goals, investigative experiences were included in all geology courses, a senior research capstone was required, and more opportunities were created for all students to engage in out-of-class research. Numerous measures indicate programmatic and student successes, but reveal challenges that the program now seeks to improve by adding skills and assessment benchmarks to key courses at each class level. These changes are supported by a faculty with a common vision, a recent program review, and a University initiative to improve student engagement and synthesis.

Peterson, V. L.; Lord, M. L.

2008-12-01

462

Employability Skills: Final Report--Development of a Strategy to Support the Universal Recognition and Recording of Employability Skills. A Skills Portfolio Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employability skills recognition and recording models that are practical, cross-sectoral and consistent with life-long learning have the potential to be useful to many within the community. Students will benefit as they transition through and from school to work or further education and training. People in employment will benefit as they…

Australian Government Department of Education, Science and Training, 2004

2004-01-01

463

Reading Skills of Students With Speech Sound Disorders at Three Stages of Literacy Development  

PubMed Central

Purpose The relationship between phonological awareness, overall language, vocabulary, and nonlinguistic cognitive skills to decoding and reading comprehension was examined for students at 3 stages of literacy development (i.e., early elementary school, middle school, and high school). Students with histories of speech sound disorders (SSD) with and without language impairment (LI) were compared to students without histories of SSD or LI (typical language; TL). Method In a cross-sectional design, students ages 7;0 (years; months) to 17;9 completed tests that measured reading, language, and nonlinguistic cognitive skills. Results For the TL group, phonological awareness predicted decoding at early elementary school, and overall language predicted reading comprehension at early elementary school and both decoding and reading comprehension at middle school and high school. For the SSD-only group, vocabulary predicted both decoding and reading comprehension at early elementary school, and overall language predicted both decoding and reading comprehension at middle school and decoding at high school. For the SSD and LI group, overall language predicted decoding at all 3 literacy stages and reading comprehension at early elementary school and middle school, and vocabulary predicted reading comprehension at high school. Conclusion Although similar skills contribute to reading across the age span, the relative importance of these skills changes with children’s literacy stages. PMID:23833280

Skebo, Crysten M.; Lewis, Barbara A.; Freebairn, Lisa A.; Tag, Jessica; Ciesla, Allison Avrich; Stein, Catherine M.

2015-01-01

464

Development and Evaluation of an Electronic Guide for Introductory Microbiology Skills  

PubMed Central

To increase the quality of instruction, enhance student learning, and decrease laboratory time spent on laboratory safety, basic skills, and the use of equipment, we developed the Micro eGuide website. We compared the performance of students who used the Micro eGuide to students provided more traditional instruction in both an upper-level introductory microbiology course for biology majors and in a lower-division introductory microbiology course for nonmajors. Assessment of student learning included written pretests and posttests, practical testing of laboratory skills, and for the major’s class, a review of poster presentations of independent projects. Students who used the Micro eGuide showed a statistically significant increase in performance on written examination in the introductory microbiology courses for both biology majors and nonmajors. Use of the Micro eGuide in the sophomore-level course for nonbiology majors resulted in a statistically significant improvement in laboratory skills. Though the increase in laboratory skills in the majors courses was not statistically significant, instructors were able to use the site as an effective learning source and decrease the time spent in class on topics covered in the Micro eGuide. While the number of student independent research projects was too small for statistical analysis on the quality of the poster presentations, the improvement in student attitude and the increase in the diversity in topics selected suggests that students using the Micro eGuide had increased comfort with microbiology and increased interest in exploring microbiology. PMID:23653561

WRIGHT, ALICE; HARDING, ETHELYNDA E.

2005-01-01

465

Development of virtual environments for training skills and reducing errors in laparoscopic surgery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In every surgical procedure there are key steps and skills that, if performed incorrectly, can lead to complications. In conjunction with efforts, based on task and error analysis, in the Videoscopic Training Center at UCSF to identify these key elements in laparoscopic surgical procedures, the authors are developing virtual environments and modeling methods to train the elements. Laparoscopic surgery is particularly demanding of the surgeon's spatial skills, requiring the ability to create 3D mental models and plans while viewing a 2D image. For example, operating a laparoscope with the objective lens angled from the scope axis is a skill that some surgeons have difficulty mastering, even after using the instrument in many procedures. Virtual environments are a promising medium for teaching spatial skills. A kinematically accurate model of an angled laparoscope in an environment of simple targets is being tested in courses for novice and experienced surgeons. Errors in surgery are often due to a misinterpretation of local anatomy compounded with inadequate procedural knowledge. Methods to avoid bile duct injuries in cholecystectomy are being integrated into a deformable environment consisting of the liver, gallbladder, and biliary tree. Novel deformable tissue modeling algorithms based on finite element methods will be used to improve the response of the anatomical models.

Tendick, Frank; Downes, Michael S.; Cavusoglu, Murat C.; Gantert, Walter A.; Way, Lawrence W.

1998-06-01

466

ORIGINAL PAPER Local traditions in gorilla manual skill: evidence for observational  

E-print Network

by cumulative cultural evo- lution of complex skills, including ones involving tool manufacture; and secondly. Byrne (&) Á C. Hobaiter Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution and Scottish Primate Research@st-andrews.ac.uk M. Klailova Scottish Primate Research Group, Department of Psychology, University of Stirling

467

Clinical Research Careers: Reports from a NHLBI Pediatric Heart Network Clinical Research Skills Development Conference  

PubMed Central

Background Wyman W. Lai, MD, MPH, and Victoria L. Vetter, MD, MPH. The Pediatric Heart Network (PHN), funded under the U.S. National Institutes of Health-National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NIH–NHLBI), includes two Clinical Research Skills Development (CRSD) Cores, which were awarded to The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and to the Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York–Presbyterian. To provide information on how to develop a clinical research career to a larger number of potential young investigators in pediatric cardiology, the directors of these two CRSD Cores jointly organized a one-day seminar for fellows and junior faculty from all of the PHN Core sites. The participants included faculty members from the PHN and the NHLBI. The day-long seminar was held on April 29, 2009, at the NHLBI site, immediately preceding the PHN Steering Committee meeting in Bethesda, MD. Methods The goals of the seminar were 1) to provide fellows and early investigators with basic skills in clinical research 2) to provide a forum for discussion of important research career choices 3) to introduce attendees to each other and to established clinical researchers in pediatric cardiology, and 4) to publish a commentary on the future of clinical research in pediatric cardiology. Results The following chapters are compilations of the talks given at the 2009 PHN Clinical Research Skills Development Seminar, published to share the information provided with a broader audience of those interested in learning how to develop a clinical research career in pediatric cardiology. The discussions of types of clinical research, research skills, career development strategies, funding, and career management are applicable to research careers in other areas of clinical medicine as well. Conclusions The aim of this compilation is to stimulate those who might be interested in the research career options available to investigators. PMID:21167335

Lai, Wyman W.; Richmond, Marc; Li, Jennifer S.; Saul, J. Philip; Mital, Seema; Colan, Steven D.; Newburger, Jane W.; Sleeper, Lynn A.; McCrindle, Brain W.; Minich, L. LuAnn; Goldmuntz, Elizabeth; Marino, Bradley S.; Williams, Ismee A.; Pearson, Gail D.; Evans, Frank; Scott, Jane D.; Cohen, Meryl S.

2013-01-01

468

Total Quality & Basic Skills. The TQ Castle--Using Basic Skills Development to Evade Alligators in the Moat.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Key skills required in the total quality workplace are cross-functional teaming, interpreting charts/graphs, oral communication, brainstorming, understanding cause/effect, categorizing ideas, critical pathing, formulating suggestions, analyzing the needs of internal and external customers, and writing status reports. (SK)

Lewe, Glenda

1994-01-01

469

School for Skills. A National Survey of the Development through TVEI of Personal and Transferable Skills. Technical and Vocational Education Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation was conducted of the development of those transferable and personal skills which had been given particular prominence by the Technical and Vocational Education Initiative (TVEI) in Scotland. Questionnaires were sent to the following: pupils and TVEI coordinators in 80 secondary schools; 30 school leavers from one further education…

Devine, Marion; And Others

470

Development and Evaluation of an Electronic Guide for Introductory Microbiology Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

To increase the quality of instruction, enhance student learning, and decrease laboratory time spent on laboratory safety, basic skills, and the use of equipment, we developed the Micro eGuide website. We compared the performance of students who used the Micro eGuide to students provided more traditional instruction in both an upper-level introductory microbiology course for biology majors and in a

Alice Wright; Ethelynda E. Harding

2005-01-01

471

Supporting Students' Development of Expert-Like Map and Cross-Section Visualization Skills  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developing expert-like approaches to map and cross-section visualization is a challenging skill for novice undergraduate students; this is also a highly valued skill of expert geoscientists. Visible Geology is a highly interactive software package designed to increase students’ visualization, map reading, and cross-section skills in introductory geology and structural geology classes. The goal of this software is to help students develop their ability to visualize geologic features and outcrop patterns in cross-section and map view and make predictive assertions. Students can use this program to create their own topography, geologic beds, folds, faults, unconformities, and igneous intrusions. Once a creation is complete it is possible to create cross-sections and boreholes or scroll through the geologic history of the block at various levels of erosion. The program also has interactive tests that require students to pick orientations of beds and folds as well as a geologic history test that requires students to put geologic events in order. These tests provide instant educational feedback for students who are interested in learning and practicing visualization techniques. Visible Geology also supports interactive tutorials that students or teachers can create to guide a user through types of geology, how to use a stereonet, or anything else that the program supports. The program is being piloted in an introductory geology class at the University of Calgary. Data is being collected to determine how students use the program and to what extent the program helps students develop map and cross-section visualization skills. Preliminary results of this study will be presented and help inform future development of the program and how it can be best integrated into instructional activities. Screen shot of Visible Geology. User has picked topography and fold orientation and has decided to add a dyke and an unconformity.

Cockett, R.; Reid, L.

2010-12-01

472

The Coming Revolution in Competence Development: Using Serious Games to Improve Cross-Cultural Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approaches to competence development have tended to focus on training to reach a required level of performance in simple and\\u000a reproducible contexts, rather than in the more complex and hard-to-replicate contexts that characterize real-world projects,\\u000a especially projects that involve people from other cultures. This paper explores how the Serious Games approach can be exploited\\u000a to create skills in dealing with

Bjorn Andersen; Manuel Fradinho; Paul Lefrere; Veli-pekka Niitamo

2009-01-01

473

A Successful Competency-Based Writing Skills Development Programme: Results of an Experiment1  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a successful, semester-length writing skills development programme conducted at the University of Toronto Mississauga (UTM) with intermediate level undergraduate financial accounting students. The programme focused on improving students' writing in five competency areas: organization, grammar, style, professional writing and case writing. Effectiveness was assessed by means of a quasi-experiment involving a pre-test, post-test design with a treatment group

Russell Craig; C. Nicholas McKinney

2010-01-01

474

Transferable skills of incoming medical students and their development over the first academic year: The United Arab Emirates experience.  

PubMed

Increasingly, it is being recognised in higher and medical education that learners should be adequately prepared for the unpredictable nature of professional practice. Several generic or transferable skills or capabilities (e.g., communication, information handling) that will enable graduates to function in an ever-changing professional world have been identified. Using a validated inventory comprising six categories of transferable skills, three cohorts of incoming male and female medical students at a Gulf university documented their level of practice and confidence for 31 skills. The exercise was repeated a year later. New medical students identified computer and organisational skills and the ability to manage their learning as strengths, but scores for technical and numeracy, information handling and presentation and communication skills suggested that learners generally required guidance. A year later, despite considerable self-reported information handling and communication skills development, learners generally did not consider themselves self-sufficient. A significant gender difference emerged, with incoming males reporting less experience and confidence in many skills. This gap was reduced but did not disappear over the first academic year. An audit such as this may be useful for identifying individual skills levels as well as providing insight into shortcomings in the academic programme in terms of opportunities for transferable skills development. PMID:21609165

McLean, Michelle; Shaban, Sami; Murdoch-Eaton, Deborah

2011-01-01

475

The Development of Students' Probllem-Solving Skill from Instruction Emphasizing Qualitative Problem-Solving  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Success in introductory college physics requires students to acquire not only the content knowledge of physics, but also the skills to solve problems using this knowledge. At the University of Minnesota, attempts are being made to teach problem solving successfully. One such attempt has an instructor explicitly teaching a strategy that emphasizes the qualitative analysis of a problem before the manipulation of equations. This class provides a unique case for examining the development of problem-solving skills. This interpretive case study will examine the development of the problem solving ability of students in two college introductory physics courses where cooperative-group problem solving was used. In one class there was an explicit problem-solving strategy used. In the other class, no additional attempt was made to teach problem solving. In general, the students in the course who were taught an explicit problem-solving strategy tended to develop their skills faster, but did not score any higher than the students in the more traditionally taught course by the end of the year. However, the students in the explicit problem-solving course consistently performed better on the multiple choice concept tests given during the year.

Foster, Thomas

476

Evaluating Rehabilitation Caseload Management Skills through Computer Simulations [and] Development and Validation of a Computerized Caseload Management System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part 1 of this two-part document reviews efforts to develop computer-based case management simulations for use in rehabilitation education. It examines both single-case management simulations which concentrate on clinical problem-solving skills required to serve a single client and multiple-case management simulations which focus on skills…

Chan, Fong; Rosen, Andrew J.

477

Skills Development and Structural Change: Possibilities for and Limitations of Redressing Structural Racial Inequalities in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improving structural racial equality for historically-disadvantaged Black South Africans, including low-skilled and unemployed adults and youths, is a pertinent challenge for the South African government during the ongoing transition from apartheid capitalism to post-apartheid capitalism. Within the framework of the National Skills Development…

Groener, Zelda

2013-01-01

478

A Head Start to Learning: Exploration of a Parent-Directed Intervention to Promote Early Literacy Skill Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of a parent-led intervention focused on developing children's early literacy skills within the home setting. The lesson plans contain scripted steps for completing activities to teach letter names and phonological awareness skills. Archival data were analyzed from a study conducted with 26 families from three…

Sundman-Wheat, Ashley N.

2012-01-01

479

The Effect of Using a Multiple Intelligences-Based Training Programme on Developing English Majors' Oral Communication Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of using a Multiple Intelligences-Based Training Programme on developing first-year English majors' oral communication skills. Based on literature review and related studies, a list of 20 oral communication skills was prepared and displayed over a panel of jury members to select…

Abdallah, Mahmoud Mohammad Sayed

2005-01-01

480

Design Principles for Support in Developing Students' Transformative Inquiry Skills in Web-Based Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this explorative study was to find the factors limiting sixth-grade learners' outcomes in acquiring skills related to the transformative inquiry learning processes as well as to analyse the interrelations between inquiry skills in order to develop an optimal support system for designing Web-based inquiry learning environments. A…

Pedaste, Margus; Sarapuu, Tago

2014-01-01

481

The Development of Self Instructional Drill Materials to Facilitate the Growth of Score Reading Skills of Student Conductors. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Music score reading ability defined in this study as skill in the detection and identification of pitch and rhythmic errors, is a necessary requisite for teachers of instrumental music. In an effort to devise an instructional method for teaching score reading skill, self instructional programed drill materials were developed and the use of these…

Sidnell, Robert G.

482

Vocabulary Acquisition in Children with Typically Developing Language and Low Language Skills: Comparing Embedded and Explicit Vocabulary Instructional Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children who enter kindergarten with low oral language skills are at great risk for reading problems, especially in the areas of vocabulary and comprehension. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two instructional vocabulary methods of storybook reading with children who exhibit typically developing language skills and…

Capellini, Cara S.

2010-01-01

483

Instructional Climates in Preschool Children Who Are At-Risk. Part I: Object-Control Skill Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part I of this study examined the effect of two 9-week instructional climates (low autonomy [LA] and mastery motivational climate [MMC]) on object-control (OC) skill development in preschoolers (N = 117). Participants were randomly assigned to an LA, MMC, or comparison group. OC skills were assessed at pretest, posttest, and retention test with…

Robinson, Leah E.; Goodway, Jacqueline D.

2009-01-01

484

A Program Based on the Pragmatic Theory to Develop Grammatical Structure Comprehension Skills for Foreign Learners of Arabic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed at designing a program based on the Pragmatic theory to develop grammatical structure comprehension skills for foreign learners of Arabic and examining its effectiveness. Hence, the problem of the study has been summarized in the weakness of grammatical structure comprehension skills for foreign learners of Arabic and in the need…

Elsamman, Marwan

2014-01-01

485

Development and evaluation of a learner-centered educational summer camp program on soft skills for baccalaureate nursing students.  

PubMed

The objectives were to develop a learner-centered educational camp program for nursing students and to evaluate 4 areas of soft skills, communication ability, clinical interaction, interpersonal relationships, and social problem solving, before and after the program. The results showed that the summer camp program was effective in improving nursing students' soft skills. PMID:24978015

Lau, Ying; Wang, Wenru

2014-01-01

486

Assessing the Content and Quality of Commercially Available Reading Software Programs: Do They Have the Fundamental Structures to Promote the Development of Early Reading Skills in Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study developed a taxonomy of reading skills and compared this taxonomy with skills being trained in 30 commercially available software programs designed to teach emergent literacy or literacy-specific skills for children in preschool, kindergarten, and Grade 1. Outcomes suggest that, although some skills are being trained in a…

Grant, Amy; Wood, Eileen; Gottardo, Alexandra; Evans, Mary Ann; Phillips, Linda; Savage, Robert

2012-01-01

487

The Co-Occurring Development of Executive Function Skills and Receptive Vocabulary in Preschool-Aged Children: A Look at the Direction of the Developmental Pathways  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite consensus in the developmental literature regarding the role of executive function (EF) skills in supporting the development of language skills during the preschool years, we know relatively little about the associations between EF skills, including all EF components, and vocabulary skills among preschool-aged children. In this paper, we…

Weiland, Christina; Barata, M. Clara; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu

2014-01-01

488

Little people, big lessons: an innovative strategy to develop interpersonal skills in undergraduate nursing students.  

PubMed

Learning the skills of child health nursing requires more than technical skill development. Humanistic attributes such as being genuine, accepting and empathic are imperative in gaining the trust of a child and in helping them feel comforted and safe in a health care setting. Interpersonal theory has a long history in nursing and numerous contemporary theories have drawn on the seminal work of Peplau to advance nursing practice. However, rarely has this theory been applied to simulation learning. This paper reports on an innovative simulation technique that blends interpersonal theory with puppets. Qualitative evaluation using focus group method with fifteen undergraduate nursing students revealed that the pedagogy had a positive impact on characteristics of the learner, the learning process and on interpersonal communication skills development. The study deepened insights about the educative process and led to learning impacts that suggest that puppet-based learning is a powerful medium to bridge theory and practice, bringing the importance of interpersonal theory to life for students. PMID:24844763

Reid Searl, Kerry; McAllister, Margaret; Dwyer, Trudy; Krebs, Katrina Lane; Anderson, Carina; Quinney, Loretto; McLellan, Sandy

2014-09-01

489

The Impact of Structured Reading Lessons on the Development of Critical Thinking Skills  

E-print Network

This study investigates the impact of structured reading lessons on the development of critical thinking skills in college students learning English as a foreign language. This study took place during the first level of English in their academic program. Two groups of students were included in the study. One group received traditional reading instruction while the other group had structured reading lessons that intended to create opportunities to operate in higher order thinking levels. The gains in critical thinking skills were assessed on the basis of each group’s comparative results on the California Critical Thinking Test (Facione, 1995) between the pre-test and post-test. Results showed that students who had structured reading lessons did not improve in a significant way compared to the results of the control group in the post-test. 1

Julio César Gómez B

490

Does development affect the error-related negativity of impaired and skilled readers? An ERP study.  

PubMed

Previous findings of reduced error-related and correct-related negativities (ERN/CRN) and semantic N400 responses associated with reading errors among impaired adult readers led to the current study on age effects on these components. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 43 adolescents and 46 adults, including skilled readers and persons with a history of reading disability, on a lexical decision task. Adolescents exhibited smaller ERN amplitudes and larger N400 amplitudes during reading errors, presumably due to the late maturation of the prefrontal cortex. The ERN amplitude difference between impaired and skilled readers was smaller in adolescents than adults, and adolescents exhibited a smaller N400 difference between correct and erroneous responses than adults. ERN amplitude increased with age in impaired readers. It is postulated that the still developing mental lexicon among adolescents results in greater semantic effort and reduced ERN differences. PMID:21978012

Horowitz-Kraus, Tzipi

2011-01-01

491

Service learning: a strategy to develop group collaboration and research skills.  

PubMed

Many colleges and universities currently are implementing service learning as an educational strategy into their curricula. The goal of service learning is a dynamic partnership between educational institutions and communities resulting in the mutual benefits of service and learning. Although service learning has significance for teaching nursing students, educators must differentiate service learning from clinical practicum. This article provides a definition of service learning, identifies the relevance of service learning for nursing education, presents an example of service learning integrated into a nursing course, and evaluates service learning as a methodology for teaching group collaboration and research skills. Student surveys, a focus group, and community partner evaluations indicated service learning contributed to the development of group collaboration and research skills among baccalaureate nursing students. To enhance faculty, student, and community partner satisfaction with service learning, instructors should clearly define service learning experiences for a specific setting and offer structured guidance that does not interfere with student decision-making. PMID:10438094

Peterson, S J; Schaffer, M J

1999-05-01

492

Teaching Strategies for Developing Students' Argumentation Skills About Socioscientific Issues in High School Genetics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An outcome of science education is that young people have the understandings and skills to participate in public debate and make informed decisions about science issues that influence their lives. Toulmin’s argumentation skills are emerging as an effective strategy to enhance the quality of evidence based decision making in science classrooms. In this case study, an Australian science teacher participated in a one-on-one professional learning session on argumentation before explicitly teaching argumentation skills to two year 10 classes studying genetics. Over two lessons, the teacher used whole class discussion and writing frames of two socioscientific issues to teach students about argumentation. An analysis of classroom observation field notes, audiotaped lesson transcripts, writing frames and student interviews indicate that four factors promoted student argumentation. The factors are: the role of the teacher in facilitating whole class discussion; the use of writing frames; the context of the socioscientific issue; and the role of the students. It is recommended that professional learning to promote student argumentation may need to be tailored to individual teachers and that extensive classroom based research is required to determine the impact of classroom factors on students’ argumentation.

Dawson, Vaille Maree; Venville, Grady

2010-03-01

493

The contributions of precipitation and soil moisture observations to the skill of soil moisture estimates in a land data assimilation system  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The contributions of precipitation and soil moisture observations to soil moisture skill in a land data assimilation system are assessed. Relative to baseline estimates from the Modern Era Retrospective-analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA), the study investigates soil moisture skill derive...

494

Understanding Skill in EVA Mass Handling. Volume 3; Empirical Developments and Conclusions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Key attributes of skilled mass handling were identified through an examination of lessons learned by the extravehicular activity operational community. These qualities were translated into measurable quantities. The operational validity of the ground-based investigation was improved by building a device that increased the degrees of freedom of extravehicular mobility unit motion on the Precision Air-Bearing Floor. The results revealed subtle patterns of interaction between motions of an orbital replacement unit mockup and mass handler that should be important for effective performance on orbit. The investigation also demonstrated that such patterns can be measured with a variety of common instruments and under imperfect conditions of observation.

Riccio, Gary E.; McDonald, P. Vernon

1998-01-01

495

Use of dual-task methodology for skill assessment and development: Examples from rugby league  

Microsoft Academic Search

We assessed the attentional demands of drawing and passing in rugby league players and investigated the effects of single-task and dual-task training on the acquisition, retention, and transfer of skill in these athletes. In Study 1, high-skilled and lesser-skilled rugby league players performed a standardized 2-on-1 drill under single-task (primary skill in isolation) and dual-task (primary skill while performing a

Tim Gabbett; Matthew Wake; Bruce Abernethy

2011-01-01

496

Biotechnology Skills Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Here users will find an assortment of Bioscience/Agricultural Biotechnology Skills Standards. These should be useful for development of new programs as well as for comparisons with existing programs. The sections discussed are: Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing Skill Standards, Combined Bioscience/Agricultural Biotechnology Skill Standards, Agricultural Biotechnology Skill Standards, Bioscience Industry Skill Standards, National Association of Scientific Materials Managers, ACAP Austin Competency Analysis Profile - Biotechnology, Making Skill Standards Work, and Window on the Workplace.

497

The Effects of Internet-assisted Language Learning (IALL) on the Development of ESL Students ’ Critical Thinking Skills  

E-print Network

Abstract: The primary concern of the present research was to investigate the effects of an Internet-Assisted Language Learning (IALL) environment on the development of L2 students ’ critical thinking skills. A total of

Faizah Mohamad; Nuraihan Mat Daud

498

A Comparative Analysis of the Perceptions of Special Education Teachers Regarding Educative Activities To Further Develop Teaching Skills  

E-print Network

A comparative analysis of the perceptions of special education teachers in the San Antonio Independent School District (SAISD) regarding the importance, comfort, and frequency levels of educative activities to further develop their teaching skills...

Arocha-Gill, Theresa A.

2010-07-14

499

Development of youth leadership life skills of Texas youth as San Antonio Livestock Exposition school tour guides  

E-print Network

DEVELOPMENT OF YOUTH LEADERSHIP LIFE SKILLS OF TEXAS YOUTH AS SAN ANTONIO LIVESTOCK EXPOSITION SCHOOL TOUR GUIDES A Thesis by LAURA ANN REAL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2004 Major Subject: Agricultural Education DEVELOPMENT OF YOUTH LEADERSHIP LIFE SKILLS OF TEXAS YOUTH AS SAN ANTONIO LIVESTOCK EXPOSITION SCHOOL TOUR GUIDES A Thesis...

Real, Laura A; Real, Laura A.

2005-02-17

500

Review of Sandia National Laboratories - Albuquerque, New Mexico DOE/DP critical skills development programs FY03.  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has developed a portfolio of programs to address the critical skills needs of the DP labs, as identified by the 1999 Chiles Commission Report. The goals are to attract and retain the best and the brightest students and transition them into Sandia - and DP Complex - employees. The US Department of Energy/Defense Programs University Partnerships funded nine laboratory critical skills development programs in FY03. This report provides a qualitative and quantitative evaluation of these programs and their status.

Clark, Katherine Sue; Wilson, Dominique Foley; Chalamidas, Anna K.

2004-04-01