Science.gov

Sample records for dick henry jb

  1. What I Learned From Henry Dick: Highlights and What's Left for Us?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kelemen, P.

    2006-12-01

    (1) Slow spreading ridges have lots of peridotite outcrops, especially at segment ends. This dove-tailed with seismic and gravity observations, and geodynamic modeling, to yield a community consensus on 3D crustal accretion. However there are an increasingly large number of abysmal peridotite outcrops known at segment centers, so what is happening to the simple 3D picture? (2) There are global systematics in abysmal peridotite compositions, and in corresponding MORB, that define apparent melting trends. However (a) Why do the peridotite trends slope the wrong way on phase diagrams? (b) How come local variability in some fracture zones is almost as large as global variability? (c) What are the pyroxene proportions when corrected to magmatic temperature? (d) To what extent are the modal data affected by density changes during hydrous alteration? (e) To what extent are pyroxene and olivine contents affected by reactive dissolution and/or "impregnation"? (f) What does it mean when highly depleted peridotites are sampled from very cold parts of the ridge system? (3) Fractional melting is likely. Well, OK, near fractional. However (a) How many of those clinopyroxenes analyzed by Johnson et al (JGR 90) and Johnson & Dick (JGR 92) are igneous? Particularly the most depleted ones must be metamorphic. Given the diffusion data, what do the trace element concentrations really tell us? (b) What about the whole rock data? (4) The average composition of oceanic gabbros from ODP Hole 735B = average MORB, for trace as well as major elements. How does this work? Average MORB results from ~ 50% crystal fractionation. Where are the corresponding cumulates to balance lavas & 735B style gabbro sections? (5) Re-circulating, depleted peridotites can melt over and over again, provided they are reheated to `ambient' potential temperature during their residence in the convecting mantle. (6) There are important feedbacks between localized melt transport and localized deformation, in the mantle and probably in the oceanic lower crust. (7) A lot of abysmal peridotites from 14-16 N on the MAR lack subsolidus deformation, despite having made a journey through the lithosphere to the seafloor. (8) Oblique spreading segments probably have slower mantle upwelling rates than orthogonal segments in the same region. (9) There are large offset, low angle normal faults that expose peridotite and gabbro at slow spreading ridges. (10) Inside corner highs are commonly underlain by peridotite. (penultimate) I did not LEARN much about dunites from Henry. However, we AGREED from an early date that dunites are very interesting conduits for olivine-saturated melt passing through pyroxene-bearing wall rocks, that formed at least in part by pyroxene dissolution during porous flow, and that could be important for understanding disequilibrium between MORB and shallow mantle peridotite. (last and least) Some horizontal dunites MAY form by vertical migration of melt across pre-existing, horizontal pyroxene layers. At this point in the talk, I will eat my hat.

  2. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1992 Amstad PA, Krupitza G, Cerutti PA. Mechanism of c-fos induction by active oxygen. Cancer Res 52: 3952-3960, 1992.  Abstract  Ben-Ari ET, Bernstein LR, & Colburn NH. Differential c-jun expression in response to tumor promoters in JB6 ce

  3. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1982 Colburn NH, Dion LD, & Wendel EJ. The role of mitogenic stimulation and specific glycoprotein changes in the mechanism of late-stage promotion in JB-6 epidermal cell lines. In Hecker E, Fusening NE, Kunz W, Marks F, & Thielmann HW (Eds

  4. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1997 Amstad PA, Liu H, Ichimiya M, Chang S, Berezesky IK, & Trump BF. Bcl-2 enhancement of malignant transformation in mouse epidermal JB6 cells. Mol Carcinog 20: 231-239, 1997.  Abstract  Amstad PA, Liu H, Ichimiya M, Berezesky IK, & Trump

  5. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1985 Colburn NH, Lerman MI, Hegamyer GA, & Gindhart TD. A transforming activity not detectable by DNA transfection to NIH 3T3 cells is detected by JB6 mouse epidermal cells. Mol Cell Biol 5: 890-893, 1985.  Abstract   Full Text    Colburn N

  6. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1981 Colburn NH & Gindhart T. Specific binding of transforming growth factor correlates with promotion of anchorage independence in EGF receptorless JB6 cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 102: 799-807, 1981.  Abstract  Colburn NH, Wendel E,

  7. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1983 Bondy GP & Denhardt DT. Exposure of JB6 mouse epidermal cells to 12-0-tetradecanoyl- phorbol-13-acetate is not accompanied by a significant change in total DNA-cytosine methylation. Carcinogenesis 4: 1599-1603, 1983.  Abstract  Colburn

  8. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 Mouse Model The mouse Balb/C JB6 model (1) is the only well characterized model of genetic variants for a neoplastic transformation response to tumor promoters. These cells are not differentially sensitive to tumor promoter induced mitogenesis or diff

  9. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 2000 Berdyshev EV, Schmid PC, Dong Z, & Schmid HH. Stress-induced generation of N- acylethanolamines in mouse epidermal JB6 P+ cells. Biochem J 346 Pt 2: 369-74, 2000.  Abstract  Full Text    Borowski P, Resch K, Schmitz H, & Heiland M. A s

  10. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 2004 Lin MH, Wang CJ, Huang HP, Chou MY, & Chou FP. The tumorigenic haracteristics of lime-piper betel quid-transformed JB6 cells. Arch Toxicol. 78(3): 167-73, 2004.  Abstract  Hou DX, Kai K, Li JJ, Lin S, Terahara N, Wakamatsu M, Fujii M,

  11. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1984 Srinivas L & Colburn NH. Preferential oxidation of cell surface sialic acid by periodate leads to promotion of transformation in JB6 cells. Carcinogenesis 5: 515-519, 1984.  Abstract  Srinivas L & Colburn NH. Reduced trisialogangliosid

  12. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1993 Chang PL & Prince CW: 1 alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 enhances 12-O- tetradecanoylphorbol-13- acetate- induced tumorigenic transformation and osteopontin expression in mouse JB6 epidermal cells. Cancer Res 53: 2217-2220, 1993.  Abstract

  13. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1989 Bernstein LR & Colburn NH. AP-1/jun function is differentially induced in promotion sensitive and resistant JB6 cells. Science 244: 566-569, 1989.  Abstract  Cerutti P, Larsson R, Krupitza G, Muehlematter D, Crawford D, & Amstad P. Pat

  14. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1995 Chang PL, Yang WC, Prince CW. Effects of okadaic acid on calcitriol- and phorbol ester-induced expression and phosphorylation of osteopontin in mouse JB6 epidermal cells. Ann NY Acad Sci 760: 24-34, 1995.  Pub Med link    Dong Z, Lavro

  15. Moby Dick.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stern, Milton R.

    1986-01-01

    Discusses examples in "Moby Dick" of Melvillean words symptomatic of the significance of Ishmael's rhetorical energy, in order to suggest that Ishmael's language reflects Melville's search for lexical and rhetorical forms that express the democratic impulse. (SRT)

  16. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 2007 Nomura M, Yamazaki R, Takaya M, Kikuchi M, Takahashi-Nishioka T, Akiyama K, Akiyama N, Moritani S, & Kobayashi S. Inhibition of tetrandrine on epidermal growth factor-induced cell transformation and its signal transduction. Anticancer

  17. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 2006 Feng G, Ohmori Y, & Chang PL. Production of chemokine CXCL1/KC by okadaic acid through the nuclear factor-kappaB pathway. Carcinogenesis 27(1): 43-52, 2006.  Abstract Ding M, Huang C, Lu Y, Bowman L, Castranova V, & Vallyathan V. Invol

  18. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1994 Amstad P, Moret R, & Cerutti P. Glutathione peroxidase compensates for the hypersensitivity of Cu,Zn- superoxide dismutase overproducers to oxidant stress. J Biol Chem 269: 1606-1609, 1994.  Abstract  Banbura M, Ackland-Berglund C, Lee

  19. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1990 Amstad P & Cerutti P. Genetic modulation of the cellular antioxidant defense capacity. Environ Health Perspect 88: 77-82, 1990.  Abstract  Full Text  DeBenedetti F, Colburn NH, Oppeneheim JJ, & Faltynek CR. Tumor necrosis factor induce

  20. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1987 Colburn NH. The genetics of tumor promotion. In Barrett JC (Ed). Mechanisms of Environmental Carcinogenesis, Vol 1, Boca Raton, CRC Press, Inc, 1987, pp 81-95. Colburn NH, Farber E, Weinstein IB, Diamond L, & Slaga TJ. Meeting Report.

  1. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1999 Bae GU, Seo DW, Kwon HK, Lee HY, Hong S, Lee ZW, Ha KS, Lee HW, Han JW. Hydrogen peroxide activates p70(S6k) signaling pathway. J Biol Chem 274: 32596- 32602, 1999.  Abstract  Bernstein LR & Walker SE. Tumor promotion resistant cells a

  2. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1986 Greenfield AR, Taffet SM, Haddox MK. Immunocytochemical localization of ornithine decarboxylase in cultured murine cells. Cell Tissue Res 243: 33-40, 1986.  Abstract  Hosoi J, Abe E, Suda T, Colburn NH, & Kuroki T. Induction of anchora

  3. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 2003 Wei SJ, Trempus CS, Cannon RE, Bortner CD, & Tennant RW. Identification of Dss1 as a TPA-responsive gene expressed in keratinocyte progenitor cells, with possible involvement in early skin tumorigenesis. J Biol Chem 278(3): 1758-68, 20

  4. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1991 Amstad P, Peskin A, Shah G, Mirault ME, Moret R, Zbinden I, & Cerutti P. The balance between Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase and catalase affects the sensitivity of mouse epidermal cells to oxidative stress. Biochemistry 30: 9305-9313, 1991

  5. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 2008 Zheng D, Cho YY, Lau AT, Zhang J, Ma WY, Bode AM, & Dong Z. Cyclin-dependent kinase 3-mediated activating transcription factor 1 phosphorylation enhances cell transformation. Cancer Res 68(18): 7650-60, 2008. Abstract Full Text Lee KW,

  6. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1980 Colburn NH. Tumor promotion and preneoplastic progression. In Slaga TJ (Ed). Carcinogenesis; Modifiers of Carcinogenesis, Vol 5 NY, Raven Press, 1980, pp 33-56.  Colburn NH, Koehler B, & Nelson KA. A cell culture assay for tumor promot

  7. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1979 Colburn NH, Former BF, Nelson KA, & Yuspa SH. Tumor promoter induces anchorage independence irreversibly. Nature 281: 589-591, 1979.  Abstract  Colburn NH. The use of tumor promoter responsive epidermal cell lines to study preneoplasti

  8. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 2002 Young MR, Nair R, Bucheimer N, Tulsian P, Hsu T-C, & Colburn NH. Transactivation of Fra-1 and consequent activation of AP-1 occur Erk dependently. Mole Cell Biol 22: 587-598, 2002.  Abstract  Full Text    Liu G, Zhang Y, Bode AM, Ma WY

  9. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1988 Cerutti P, Krupitza G, Larsson R, Muehlematter D, Crawford D, Amstad P. Physiological and pathologic effects of oxidants in mouse epidermal cells. Ann NY Acad Sci 551: 75-82, 1988.  Abstract  Cerutti P. Commentary Response modification

  10. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 2005 Wang L, Bowman L, Lu Y, Rojanasakul Y, Mercer RR, Castranova V, & Ding M. Essential role of p53 in silica-induced apoptosis. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 288(3). L488-96, 2005.  Abstract  Zykova TA, Zhang Y, Zhu F, Bode AM, & Don

  11. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    Keene AM, Allaway RJ, Sadrieh N, Tyner KM.  Gold nanoparticle trafficking of typically excluded compounds across the cell membrane in JB6 Cl 41-5a cells causes assay interference.  Nanotoxicology, 2010.  Abstract    Son YO, Hitron JA, Cheng S, Budhraja A,

  12. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1978 Colburn NH, Vorder Bruegge WF, Bates JR, Gray RH, Rossen JD, Kelsey WH, & Shimada T. Correlation of anchorage independent growth with tumorigenicity of chemically transformed mouse epidermal cells. Cancer Res 38: 624-634, 1978.  Abstra

  13. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1996 Bian J, Wang Y, Smith MR, Kim H, Jacobs C, Jackman J, Kung HF, Colburn NH, & Sun Y. Suppression of in vivo tumor growth and induction of suspension cell death by tissue inhibitor of metallo-proteinases (TIMP)-3. Carcinogenesis 17: 1805

  14. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 1998 Cmarik JL, Li Y, Ogram SA, Reeves R & Colburn NH. Tumor promoter induces high mobility group HMG-Y protein expression in transformation-sensitive but not resistant cells. Oncogene 16: 3387-3396, 1998.  Abstract  Dong Z, Huang C, Ma WY,

  15. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 2001 Berdyshev EV, Schmid PC, Krebsbach RJ, Hillard CJ, Huang C, Chen N, Dong Z, Schmid HH. Cannabinoid-receptor-independent cell signaling by N-acylethanolamines. Biochem J 360: 67-75, 2001.  Abstract  Full Text    Chung JY, Park JO, Phyu

  16. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    Kim JE, Son JE, Jang YJ, Lee DE, Kang NJ, Jung SK, Heo YS, Lee KW, Lee HJ.  Luteolin, a novel natural inhibitor of TPL2 kinase, inhibits tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression in JB6 mouse epidermis cells.  Pharmacol Exp Ther. [Ep

  17. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 2009 Hwang MK, Song NR, Kang NJ, Lee KW, & Lee HJ. Activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase is required for tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase-9. Its direct inhibition by quercetin. Int J Biochem

  18. Patrick Henry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scanlon, Thomas M.

    Patrick Henry dominated the politics of Virginia and was a powerful voice in the affairs of the early United States. He became a lawyer at age 23 and rose to prominence following his victory in "The Parsons Case." Soon after, he was elected to the House of Burgesses where he challenged the control of the wealthy, established members and shocked…

  19. Richard Henry Dana (1927-2015).

    PubMed

    Allen, James

    2016-01-01

    Richard Henry Dana was born on June 14, 1927, in Bronxville, New York. Dick was accepted to Princeton University in 1944 on a scholarship and graduated in 1949. He then became a student leader in the Congress of Racial Equality and participated in a series of nonviolent sit-in protests. He completed studies for his doctoral degree at the University of Illinois in clinical psychology (1953). He briefly held a series of clinical and university positions until finally settling down at the University of Arkansas (1969- 1988). It was during his long tenure in Arkansas that Dick authored one of the foundational textbooks in clinical psychology. His groundbreaking work, Multicultural Assessment Perspectives for Professional Psychology (1993), provided the first comprehensive book on the topic. Over a remarkable 10-year period, he produced a flurry of scholarly and professional activity. He passed away peacefully at his home in Portland, Oregon, on August 17, 2015. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26866992

  20. Henry's Law: A Retrospective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenberg, Robert M.; Peticolas, Warner L.

    2004-01-01

    A retrospective view of Henry's law and its applicability in any specific system at a finite concentration is tested. It can be concluded that Henry's law is only a limiting law and is adequate at low mole fractions but is useful for practical purposes where high precision is not required.

  1. Lovelock–Brans–Dicke gravity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wenjie Tian, David; Booth, Ivan

    2016-02-01

    According to Lovelock’s theorem, the Hilbert–Einstein and the Lovelock actions are indistinguishable from their field equations. However, they have different scalar-tensor counterparts, which correspond to the Brans–Dicke and the Lovelock–Brans–Dicke (LBD) gravities, respectively. In this paper the LBD model of alternative gravity with the Lagrangian density {{L}}{LBD}=\\frac{1}{16π }≤ft[φ ≤ft(R+\\frac{a}{\\sqrt{-g}}{}*{RR}+b{ G }\\right)-\\frac{{ω }{{L}}}{φ }{{{\

  2. Moby-Dick. [Lesson Plan].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soderquist, Alisa

    Based on Herman Melville's novel "Moby-Dick," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that the novel is grounded in facts that Melville acquired in his own experiences at sea; New England was the center of a prospering whaling industry in the 19th century; and journal keeping was not uncommon among 19th-century…

  3. Henry Ford Health Systems

    Cancer.gov

    Henry Ford Health Systems evolved from a hospital into a system delivering care to 2.5 million patients and includes the Cancer Epidemiology, Prevention and Control Program, which focuses on epidemiologic and public health aspects of cancer.

  4. Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Virus Medicare Part D Medicaid Expansion » The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Twitter Facebook Email topics topics ... 2016 Kaiser Family Foundation Privacy Policy The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Headquarters: 2400 Sand Hill Road, ...

  5. Henry James and Euphemism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Douglas

    1991-01-01

    Explores the ways in which Henry James' narrative use of euphemism in "The Golden Bowl" can offer new interpretive avenues for the novel itself, for literary texts in general, and for the teacher-critic's professional activity in the larger context of the academic institution. (RS)

  6. Comment on 'New Brans-Dicke wormholes'

    SciTech Connect

    Bhadra, Arunava; Simaciu, Ion; Nandi, Kamal Kanti; Zhang Yuanzhong

    2005-06-15

    It is shown that the recently claimed two new Brans-Dicke wormhole solutions [F. He and S-W. Kim, Phys. Rev. D 65, 084022 (2002)] are not really new solutions. They are just the well known Brans-Dicke solutions of Class I and II in a different conformal gauge.

  7. The Henry Problem Revisited

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karasaki, K.; Oldenburg, C. M.; Maekawa, K.

    2006-12-01

    We have modeled laboratory experiments of saltwater intrusion in a configuration resembling the so-called Henry Problem using TOUGH2/EOS7. The experiment differs from the Henry Problem in that the freshwater boundary condition is that of Dirichlet, a difference that is not expected to affect the overall results very much. The simulation matched the saltwater wedge profile of the experiment, the main feature of which was the sharp interface (lack of dispersion) between the freshwater and saltwater. Prior solutions of the Henry Problem show a wide transition zone between freshwater and saltwater arising from the use of a large dispersion coefficient. Henry attributed the large dispersion to the effect of tidally induced motion. In our simulation, we imposed a time-varying sinusoidal boundary condition to see if a larger transition zone can be created without using a larger dispersion coefficient. However, for the parameters used we were not able to do so. It is still plausible that the wide transition zone observed at Biscayne Bay (and as modeled in the Henry Problem) is caused by a particular formation heterogeneity and transient effects. Our analysis, based on a laboratory experiment and accompanying modeling, suggests that dispersion is quite limited. Nonetheless, we question the validity of the use of a large dispersion coefficient where the groundwater velocity is very low, or where the flow is in the opposite direction of the concentration gradient. This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231

  8. Brans-Dicke cylindrical wormholes

    SciTech Connect

    Eiroa, Ernesto F.; Simeone, Claudio

    2010-10-15

    Static axisymmetric thin-shell wormholes are constructed within the framework of the Brans-Dicke scalar-tensor theory of gravity. Examples of wormholes associated with vacuum and electromagnetic fields are studied. All constructions must be threaded by exotic matter, except in the case of geometries with a singularity of finite radius, associated with an electric field, which can have a throat supported by ordinary matter. These results are achieved with any of the two definitions of the flare-out condition considered.

  9. Quantum Criticality in the Biased Dicke Model

    PubMed Central

    Zhu, Hanjie; Zhang, Guofeng; Fan, Heng

    2016-01-01

    The biased Dicke model describes a system of biased two-level atoms coupled to a bosonic field, and is expected to produce new phenomena that are not present in the original Dicke model. In this paper, we study the critical properties of the biased Dicke model in the classical oscillator limits. For the finite-biased case in this limit, We present analytical results demonstrating that the excitation energy does not vanish for arbitrary coupling. This indicates that the second order phase transition is avoided in the biased Dicke model, which contrasts to the original Dicke model. We also analyze the squeezing and the entanglement in the ground state, and find that a finite bias will strongly modify their behaviors in the vicinity of the critical coupling point. PMID:26786239

  10. Quantum Criticality in the Biased Dicke Model.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Hanjie; Zhang, Guofeng; Fan, Heng

    2016-01-01

    The biased Dicke model describes a system of biased two-level atoms coupled to a bosonic field, and is expected to produce new phenomena that are not present in the original Dicke model. In this paper, we study the critical properties of the biased Dicke model in the classical oscillator limits. For the finite-biased case in this limit, We present analytical results demonstrating that the excitation energy does not vanish for arbitrary coupling. This indicates that the second order phase transition is avoided in the biased Dicke model, which contrasts to the original Dicke model. We also analyze the squeezing and the entanglement in the ground state, and find that a finite bias will strongly modify their behaviors in the vicinity of the critical coupling point. PMID:26786239

  11. Cosmic acceleration and Brans-Dicke theory

    SciTech Connect

    Sharif, M. Waheed, S.

    2012-10-15

    We study the accelerated expansion of the universe by exploring the Brans-Dicke parameter in different eras. For this, we take the FRW universe model with a viscous fluid (without potential) and the Bianchi type-I universe model with a barotropic fluid (with and without a potential). We evaluate the deceleration parameter and the Brans-Dicke parameter to explore cosmic acceleration. It is concluded that accelerated expansion of the universe can also be achieved for higher values of the Brans-Dicke parameter in some cases.

  12. Generalized Brans-Dicke theories

    SciTech Connect

    De Felice, Antonio; Tsujikawa, Shinji E-mail: shinji@rs.kagu.tus.ac.jp

    2010-07-01

    In Brans-Dicke theory a non-linear self interaction of a scalar field φ allows a possibility of realizing the late-time cosmic acceleration, while recovering the General Relativistic behavior at early cosmological epochs. We extend this to more general modified gravitational theories in which a de Sitter solution for dark energy exists without using a field potential. We derive a condition for the stability of the de Sitter point and study the background cosmological dynamics of such theories. We also restrict the allowed region of model parameters from the demand for the avoidance of ghosts and instabilities. A peculiar evolution of the field propagation speed allows us to distinguish those theories from the ΛCDM model.

  13. Distributed-switch Dicke radiometers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Levis, C. A. (inventor)

    1979-01-01

    A radiometer on an orbiting spacecraft is described which derives high spatial resolution information from terrestrial and atmospheric regions. The N elements or subapertures on the spacecraft transduce electromagnetic energy into electric signals. Many or all of the elements are simultaneously illuminated by electromagnetic energy radiated from the same region. Identical, parallel processing channels are responsive to the N elements. Each of the channels includes a variable gain amplifier responsive to the signal transduced by its corresponding array elements. The gain of each amplifier is controlled as a function of the output difference when the channel is connected periodically to each of a pair of Dicke noise sources, such as resistors maintained at predetermined temperatures.

  14. Genetic Characterization of Bacillus anthracis 17 JB strain

    PubMed Central

    Seyed-Mohamadi, Sakineh; Moradi Bidhendi, Soheila; Tadayon, Keyvan; Ghaderi, Rainak

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Bacillus anthracis is one of the most homogenous bacteria ever described. Some level of diversity. Bacillus anthracis 17JB is a laboratory strain It is broadly used as a challenge strain in guinea pigs for potency test of anthrax vaccine. Material and Methods: This work describes genetic characterization of B. anthracis 17 JB strain using the SNPs and MLVA genotyping. Results and Conclusion: In SNPs typing, the originally French 17JB strain represented the A.Br. 008/009 subgroup. In Levy's genotyping method, 843, 451 and 864 bp long fragments were identified at AA03, AJ03 and AA07 loci, respectively. In the vaccine manufacturer perspective these findings are much valuable on their own account, but similar research is required to extend molecular knowledge of B. anthracis epidemiology in Persia. PMID:26668705

  15. JB-300: An advanced medium size transport for 2005

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Debrouwer, Giles; Graham, Katherine; Ison, Jim; Juarez, Vince; Moskalik, Steve; Pankonin, Jon; Weinstein, Arnold

    1993-01-01

    In the fall of 1992, the TAC Team was presented with a Request for Proposal (PFP) for a mid-size (250-350 passenger) commercial transport. The aircraft was to be extremely competitive in the areas of passenger comfort, performance, and economic aspects. Through the use of supercritical airfoils, a technologically advanced Very High By-pass Ratio (VHBR) turbofan engine, a low overall drag configuration, a comparable interior layout, and mild use of composites, the JB-300 offers an economically viable choice to the airlines. The cents per passenger mile of the JB-300 is 1.76, which is considerably lower than current aircraft in the same range. Overall, the JB-300 is a technologically advanced aircraft, which will meet the demands of the 21st century.

  16. Purification, molecular cloning, and biochemical characterization of subtilisin JB1 from a newly isolated Bacillus subtilis JB1.

    PubMed

    Sung, Ji Hea; Ahn, Sang Jung; Kim, Na Young; Jeong, Soo-Kyoung; Kim, Joong Kyun; Chung, Joon Ki; Lee, Hyung Ho

    2010-10-01

    An extracellular gelatinolytic enzyme obtained from the newly isolated Bacillus subtilis JB1, a thermophilic microorganism relevant to the aerobic biodegradation process of fish-meal production, was purified via ammonium sulfate precipitation, Sephadex G-200 Gel filtration chromatography, and one-dimensional gel electrophoresis separation and subsequently identified via peptide mass fingerprinting and chemically assisted fragmentation matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The subtilisin JB1 gene was sequenced and its recombinant protein prosubtilisin JB1 was expressed in Escherichia coli, and the purified prosubtilisin JB1 (62 kDa) protein was digested with gelatin, bovine serum albumin, azocasein, fibrinogen, and the fluorogenic peptide substrate Ala-Ala-Phe-7-amido-4-methylcoumarin hydrochloride, whereas the serine protease inhibitors phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride and chymostatin completely inhibited its enzyme activity at an optimal pH of 7.5. Thus, our results show that subtilisin JB1 may serve as a potential source material for use in industrial applications of proteolytic enzymes and microorganisms for fishery waste degradation and fish by-product processing. PMID:19902383

  17. Henry Gray, plagiarist.

    PubMed

    Richardson, Ruth

    2016-03-01

    The first edition of Anatomy Descriptive and Surgical (1858) was greeted with accolades, but also provoked serious controversy concerning Henry Gray's failure to acknowledge the work of earlier anatomists. A review in the Medical Times (1859) accused Gray of intellectual theft. The journal took the unusual step of substantiating its indictment by publishing twenty parallel texts from Gray and from a pre-existing textbook, Quain's Anatomy. At the recent "Vesalius Continuum" conference in Zakynthos, Greece (2014) Professor Brion Benninger disputed the theft by announcing from the floor the results of a computer analysis of both texts, which he reported exonerated Gray by revealing no evidence of plagiarism. The analysis has not been forthcoming, however, despite requests. Here the historian of Gray's Anatomy supplements the argument set out in the Medical Times 150 years ago with data suggesting unwelcome personality traits in Henry Gray, and demonstrating the utility of others' work to his professional advancement. Fair dealing in the world of anatomy and indeed the genuineness of the lustre of medical fame are important matters, but whether quantitative evidence has anything to add to the discussion concerning Gray's probity can be assessed only if Benninger makes public his computer analysis. Clin. Anat. 29:135-139, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:26696521

  18. Herbert and Lou Henry Hoover.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frese, Millie K., Ed.

    1999-01-01

    This issue of the children's magazine, "The Goldfinch," focuses on Herbert and Lou Henry Hoover. The articles included are: (1) "Getting To Know Herbert Clark Hoover"; (2) "Lou Henry Hoover"; (3) "Meet an Iowa Author"; (4) "The Great Depression"; (5) "A Different Kind of Coupon"; (6) "The President's Mountain School"; (6) "Where are the Books?";

  19. Joseph Henry and Astronomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rothenberg, Marc

    2016-01-01

    Joseph Henry (1797-1878) is best known for his work in electromagnetism and as the first secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. But he was also a pioneer solar physicist, an early advocate of US participation in astrophysics, and a facilitator of international cooperation in astronomy. This paper will briefly trace his role in the development of the US astronomical community from the time he taught astronomy at Princeton in the 1830s through his death, focusing on failed efforts to persuade US astronomers and patrons of astronomy that the best path for US astronomy should be astrophysics. He thought that the US could make a more significant contribution to astronomy science by striking out on a less travelled path rather than competing with the established European observatories.

  20. Wormholes in Vacuum Brans-Dicke Theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhadra, Arunava; Sarkar, Kabita

    It is shown that among the different classes of claimed static wormhole solutions of the vacuum Brans-Dicke theory only Brans Class I solution with coupling constant ? less than -1.5 (excluding the point ? = 2) gives rise to physically viable traversable wormhole geometry. Usability of this wormhole geometry for interstellar travel has been examined.

  1. Xenobiotics enhance laccase activity in alkali-tolerant ?-proteobacterium JB

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Gursharan; Batish, Mona; Sharma, Prince; Capalash, Neena

    2009-01-01

    Various genotoxic textile dyes, xenobiotics, substrates (10 M) and agrochemicals (100 g/ml) were tested for enhancement of alkalophilic laccase activity in ?-proteobacterium JB. Neutral Red, Indigo Carmine, Naphthol Base Bordears and Sulphast Ruby dyes increased the activity by 3.7, 2.7, 2.6 and 2.3 fold respectively. Xenobiotics/substrates like p-toluidine, 8-hydroxyquinoline and anthracine increased it by 3.4, 2.8 and 2.3 fold respectively. Atrazine and trycyclozole pesticides enhanced the activity by 1.95 and 1.5 fold respectively. PMID:24031313

  2. Cosmological Constraint on Brans-Dicke Theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Xuelei; Wu, Fengquan

    We develop the covariant formalism of the cosmological perturbation theory for the Brans-Dicke gravity, and use it to calculate the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy and large scale structure (LSS) power spectrum. We introduce a new parameter ? which is related to the Brans-Dicke parameter ? = ln(1/? + 1), and use the Markov-Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method to explore the parameter space. Using the latest CMB data published by WMAP, ACBAR, CBI, Boomerang teams, and the LSS data from the SDSS survey DR4, we find that the the 2? (95.5%) bound on ? is about |?| > 10-2, or |?| > 102, the precise limit depends somewhat on the prior used.

  3. Osler and bookworms--the "Henry connection".

    PubMed

    Graner, J L

    1984-10-01

    Insect bookworms were a little-known interest of Sir William Osler and F. P. Henry. Each man wrote an article on the subject, Osler's appearing thirteen years after that of Henry. Several unpublished communications regarding Osler's interest in bookworms are discussed. A recently-discovered 1903 inscription to Henry demonstrates Osler's early interest in bookworms and suggests that Henry may have been an important influence in generating that interest. PMID:6388694

  4. A Soliloquy for Art and Dick.

    PubMed

    Dooling, Robert J

    2016-01-01

    Art Popper and Dick Fay are probably the most prolific scientists in the history of auditory research. In fact, they should probably be listed among the most prolific authors anywhere given their number of Springer Handbook of Auditory Research volumes, alone, now reaching 51 volumes and still continuing! To give them their proper due, I channeled another very prolific author from years ago and produced a soliloquy to honor their contributions to us and our field of auditory science. PMID:26515310

  5. [The Henry E. Huntington Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abraham, Terry

    The biographical sketch of Henry E. Huntington includes a description of the establishment of the Huntington Library and the purpose and scope of its collection. Although this is a free and public library, its use is restricted to qualified scholars having legitimate research needs. Photographic techniques were developed at the Huntington Library

  6. The Right Fit for Henry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gould, J. Christine; Staff, Linda K.; Theiss, Heather M.

    2012-01-01

    When Henry was enrolled in a gifted program in 3rd grade, he showed many of the classic signs of giftedness, but his reading and writing skills were below grade level. An evaluation revealed that he was twice-exceptional--he was gifted and he had a learning disability. Believing that both his giftedness and his learning disability warranted…

  7. Henry Giroux and the Arts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trend, David

    2012-01-01

    Henry A. Giroux is well known for pushing the definitions of education. From his early forays into what has been termed the "New Sociology of Education" in the early 1980s to his more recent discussions of "public pedagogy", Giroux has methodically challenged existing orthodoxies. This essay will focus on the interdisciplinary broadening of

  8. The Right Fit for Henry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gould, J. Christine; Staff, Linda K.; Theiss, Heather M.

    2012-01-01

    When Henry was enrolled in a gifted program in 3rd grade, he showed many of the classic signs of giftedness, but his reading and writing skills were below grade level. An evaluation revealed that he was twice-exceptional--he was gifted and he had a learning disability. Believing that both his giftedness and his learning disability warranted

  9. Josh Billings (Henry Wheeler Shaw).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kesterson, David B.

    Designed for use by the general reader, the college student, and the teacher, this book analyzes the life and literary career of Josh Billings (Henry Wheeler Shaw), emphasizing his literary ventures and artistic talents. The analysis reveals Billings' talents as a subtle humorist, homespun philosopher, and artist of the essay. Chapters include

  10. Joseph Henry and the Telegraph

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hochfelder, David

    1997-04-01

    Morse's telegraph rested upon three scientific advances which occured between 1800 and 1830: the development of battery technology, the formulation of laws governing the behavior of electrical components in circuits, and the discovery of electromagnetic phenomena. Joseph Henry was crucial to the development of the early telegraph. His work on electromagnetism made it possible for the electric current to manifest itself as useful mechanical work. Henry developed electromagnets of sufficient lifting power, but which drew relatively small currents; these magnets were the heart of Morse's telegraph receiver. Morse also used electromagnets as relays, which allowed him to transmit signals over great distances. Morse often acknowledged his debt to Henry, and the two enjoyed a cordial working relationship until the mid-1840s. But during the bitter and protracted litigation over Morse's patent, Henry testified (unwillingly, he claimed) against the inventor. This began a lifelong quarrel between the two men, the specifics of which were tedious and petty. In general terms, however, their conflict arose over different notions regarding scientific discovery and technological innovation.

  11. Selective control of the symmetric Dicke subspace in trapped ions

    SciTech Connect

    Lopez, C. E.; Retamal, J. C.; Solano, E.

    2007-09-15

    We propose a method of manipulating selectively the symmetric Dicke subspace in the internal degrees of freedom of N trapped ions. We show that the direct access to ionic-motional subspaces, based on a suitable tuning of motion-dependent ac Stark shifts, induces a two-level dynamics involving previously selected ionic Dicke states. In this manner, it is possible to produce, sequentially and unitarily, ionic Dicke states with increasing excitation number. Moreover, we propose a probabilistic technique to produce directly any ionic Dicke state assuming suitable initial conditions.

  12. What We Talk around when We Talk about "The Dick"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savage, Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    Some years ago, the author had her first opportunity to teach an undergraduate American Romanticism course, which meant she had a chance to teach "Moby-Dick" the way she thought it should be taught. Meeting two days a week, her course was set up so that students read about thirty pages of "Moby-Dick" for one class meeting a week paired with…

  13. Brane cosmic string compactification in Brans-Dicke theory

    SciTech Connect

    Abdalla, M. C. B.; Hoff da Silva, J. M.; Guimaraes, M. E. X.

    2007-04-15

    We investigate an alternative compactification of extra dimensions using local cosmic string in the Brans-Dicke gravity framework. In the context of dynamical systems it is possible to show that there exist a stable field configuration for the Einstein-Brans-Dicke equations. We explore the analogies between this particular model and the Randall-Sundrum scenario.

  14. Brans-Dicke scalar field as a chameleon

    SciTech Connect

    Das, Sudipta; Banerjee, Narayan

    2008-08-15

    In this paper it is shown that in Brans-Dicke theory, if one considers a nonminimal coupling between the matter and the scalar field, it can give rise to a late time accelerated expansion for the Universe preceded by a decelerated expansion for very high values of the Brans-Dicke parameter {omega}.

  15. What We Talk around when We Talk about "The Dick"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savage, Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    Some years ago, the author had her first opportunity to teach an undergraduate American Romanticism course, which meant she had a chance to teach "Moby-Dick" the way she thought it should be taught. Meeting two days a week, her course was set up so that students read about thirty pages of "Moby-Dick" for one class meeting a week paired with

  16. Henry Morgenthau's voice in history.

    PubMed

    Steiner, Pamela

    2015-01-01

    Henry Morgenthau (1856-1946) distinguished himself as the U.S. Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, 1913-1916, and as the chairman of the League of Nations Refugee Settlement Commission (RSC) for Greece, 1923-24. I describe aspects of his early life that shaped the man he became, his accomplishments in these two posts, and his feelings about himself over time. At the end I briefly describe his attitude toward a possible Jewish state in Palestine. PMID:25630196

  17. Generalized Dicke nonequilibrium dynamics in trapped ions.

    PubMed

    Genway, Sam; Li, Weibin; Ates, Cenap; Lanyon, Benjamin P; Lesanovsky, Igor

    2014-01-17

    We explore trapped ions as a setting to investigate nonequilibrium phases in a generalized Dicke model of dissipative spins coupled to phonon modes. We find a rich dynamical phase diagram including superradiantlike regimes, dynamical phase coexistence, and phonon-lasing behavior. A particular advantage of trapped ions is that these phases and transitions among them can be probed in situ through fluorescence. We demonstrate that the main physical insights are captured by a minimal model and consider an experimental realization with Ca+ ions trapped in a linear Paul trap with a dressing scheme to create effective two-level systems with a tunable dissipation rate. PMID:24484012

  18. Complete Genome Sequence of Leuconostoc carnosum Strain JB16, Isolated from Kimchi

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Ji Young; Lee, Se Hee

    2012-01-01

    Leuconostoc carnosum strain JB16 was isolated from kimchi, the traditional Korean fermented food. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of L. carnosum strain JB16, consisting of a 1,645,096-bp circular chromosome with a G+C content of 37.24% and four plasmids. PMID:23144413

  19. Complete Genome Sequence of Leuconostoc gelidum Strain JB7, Isolated from Kimchi

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Ji Young; Lee, Se Hee

    2012-01-01

    A strain of Leuconostoc gelidum, designated strain JB7, was isolated from kimchi, the representative Korean traditional fermented food. Here we announce the complete genome sequence of L. gelidum strain JB7, consisting of a 1,893,499-bp circular chromosome with a G+C content of 36.68%, and provide a description of its annotation. PMID:23144409

  20. Layered Yardangs in Henry Crater

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2003-01-01

    MGS MOC Release No. MOC2-389, 12 June 2003

    This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image shows wind-sculpted remnants of layered sedimentary rock that once completely covered the northwestern floor of Henry Crater, an ancient impact basin located at 11.7oN, 336.4oW. These landforms, shaped somewhat like inverted boat hulls, are 'textbook examples' of a wind erosion form known as a yardang. The image covers an area 2.3 km (1.4 mi) wide; sunlight illuminates the scene from the left.

  1. Henry's law constants of polyols

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Compernolle, S.; Mller, J.-F.

    2014-05-01

    Henry's law constants (HLC) are derived for several polyols bearing between 2 and 6 hydroxyl groups, based on literature data for water activity, vapour pressure and/or solubility. Depending on the case, infinite dilution activity coefficients (IDACs), solid state pressures or activity coefficient ratios are obtained as intermediary results. For most compounds, these are the first values reported, while others compare favourably with literature data in most cases. Using these values and those from a previous work (Compernolle and Mller, 2014), an assessment is made on the partitioning of polyols, diacids and hydroxy acids to droplet and aqueous aerosol.

  2. False vacuum decay in Jordan-Brans-Dicke cosmologies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holman, Richard; Kolb, Edward W.; Vadas, Sharon L.; Wang, Yun; Weinberg, Erick J.

    1989-01-01

    The bubble nucleation rate in a first-order phase transition taking place in a background Jordan-Brans-Dicke cosmology is examined. The leading order terms in the nucleation rate when the Jordan-Brans-Dicke field is large (i.e., late times) are computed by means of a Weyl rescaling of the fields in the theory. It is found that despite the fact that the Jordan-Brans-Dicke field (hence the effective gravitational constant) has a time dependence in the false vacuum at late times the nucleation rate is time independent.

  3. False vacuum decay in Jordan-Brans-Dicke cosmologies

    SciTech Connect

    Holman, R.; Wang, Yun . Dept. of Physics); Kolb, E.W.; Vadas, S.L. Chicago Univ., IL ); Weinberg, E.J. . Dept. of Physics)

    1989-12-01

    We examine the bubble nucleation rate in a first-order phase transition taking place in a background Jordan-Brans-Dicke cosmology. We compute the leading order terms in the nucleation rate when the Jordan-Brans-Dicke field is large (i.e., late times) by means of a Weyl rescaling of the fields in the theory. We find that despite the fact that the Jordan-Brans-Dicke field (hence the effective gravitational constant) has a time dependence in the false vacuum, at late times the nucleation rate is time independent. 21 refs.

  4. Dicke model for quantum Hall systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hama, Y.; Fauzi, M. H.; Nemoto, K.; Hirayama, Y.; Ezawa, Z. F.

    2016-02-01

    In GaAs quantum Hall (QH) systems, electrons are coupled with nuclear spins through the hyperfine interaction, which is normally not strong enough to change the dynamics of electrons and nuclear spins. The dynamics of the QH systems, however, may drastically change when the nuclear spins interact with low-energy collective excitation modes of the electron spins. We theoretically investigate the nuclear-electron spin interaction in the QH systems as hybrid quantum systems driven by the hyperfine interaction. In particular, we study the interaction between the nuclear spins and the Nambu–Goldstone (NG) mode with the linear dispersion relation associated with the U(1) spin rotational symmetry breaking. We show that such an interaction is described as nuclear spins collectively coupled to the NG mode, and can be effectively described by the Dicke model. Based on the model we suggest that various collective spin phenomena realized in quantum optical systems can also emerge in the QH systems.

  5. Einstein metrics and Brans-Dicke superfields

    SciTech Connect

    Marques, S.

    1988-01-01

    It is obtained here a space conformal to the Einstein space-time, making the transition from an internal bosonic space, constructed with the Majorana constant spinors in the Majorana representation, to a bosonic ''superspace,'' through the use of Einstein vierbeins. These spaces are related to a Grassmann space constructed with the Majorana spinors referred to above, where the ''metric'' is a function of internal bosonic coordinates. The conformal function is a scale factor in the zone of gravitational radiation. A conformal function dependent on space-time coordinates can be constructed in that region when we introduce Majorana spinors which are functions of those coordinates. With this we obtain a scalar field of Brans-Dicke type. 11 refs.

  6. John Henry--The Steel Driving Man

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, David E.; Gulley, Laura L.

    2005-01-01

    The story of John Henry provided the setting for sixth-grade class to participate in a John Henry Day of mathematics experiments. The students collected data from experiments where students competed against machines and technology. The student analyzed the data by comparing two box plots, a box plot of human data, and a box plot of machine or…

  7. John Henry--The Steel Driving Man

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, David E.; Gulley, Laura L.

    2005-01-01

    The story of John Henry provided the setting for sixth-grade class to participate in a John Henry Day of mathematics experiments. The students collected data from experiments where students competed against machines and technology. The student analyzed the data by comparing two box plots, a box plot of human data, and a box plot of machine or

  8. The Don Henry Story. Teaching with Documents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.

    Don Henry was a student at the University of Kansas (Lawrence, Kansas) who experienced a profound political change during his years on campus. Henry became a leader in radical campus organizations, volunteered to fight in the Spanish Civil War with the Lincoln Brigade, and died on the battlefield in Aragon (Spain) in September 1937. An article in…

  9. Henry (Hank) J. Moore (1928-1998)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thompson, Thomas W.

    Henry (Hank) J. Moore, a member of the AGU Planetary Sciences section, died of a heart attack on September 21, 1998. He was in Utah while on a family trip to visit his daughter. His 70th birthday occurred just 3 weeks before his death. Henry, who was born in Albuquerque, New Mexico, took great pride in having found and visited the small town of Albuquerque in the Extremadura region of Spain, noting the geologic similarities between that part of Spain and his birthplace in America.Henry, known for his contributions to the Apollo,Viking, Magellan, and Mars Pathfinder missions, attributed his career to a chance encounter with Gene Shoemaker in 1960. Henry was completing his Ph.D. work in geology at Stanford University and Gene obviously had spotted Henry's keen analytical mind. I suspect this pivotal meeting was far from a chance encounter.

  10. Relaxing nucleosynthesis constraints on Brans-Dicke theories

    SciTech Connect

    De Felice, Antonio; Mangano, Gianpiero; Serpico, Pasquale D.; Trodden, Mark

    2006-11-15

    We reconsider constraints on Brans-Dicke theories arising from the requirement of successful big bang nucleosynthesis. Such constraints typically arise by imposing that the universe be radiation-dominated at early times, and therefore restricting the contribution that a Brans-Dicke scalar could make to the energy budget of the universe. However, in this paper we show how the dynamics of the Brans-Dicke scalar itself can mimic a radiation-dominated kinematics, thereby allowing successful nucleosynthesis with a sizable contribution to the total cosmic energy density. In other words Newton's constant may dynamically acquire values quite different from that today, even though the evolution mimics radiation domination. This possibility significantly relaxes the existing bounds on Brans-Dicke fields, and opens the door to new possibilities for early universe cosmology. The necessary fine tunings required by such an arrangement are identified and discussed.

  11. Henry's law constants of polyols

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Compernolle, S.; Mller, J.-F.

    2014-12-01

    Henry's law constants (HLC) are derived for several polyols bearing between 2 and 6 hydroxyl groups, based on literature data for water activity, vapour pressure and/or solubility. While deriving HLC and depending on the case, also infinite dilution activity coefficients (IDACs), solid state vapour pressures or activity coefficient ratios are obtained as intermediate results. An error analysis on the intermediate quantities and the obtained HLC is included. For most compounds, these are the first values reported, while others compare favourably with literature data in most cases. Using these values and those from a previous work (Compernolle and Mller, 2014), an assessment is made on the partitioning of polyols, diacids and hydroxy acids to droplet and aqueous aerosol.

  12. Cosmological constraint on Brans-Dicke Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Ji-Xia; Wu, Feng-Quan; Li, Yi-Chao; Gong, Yan; Chen, Xue-Lei

    2015-12-01

    We combine new Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) data from Planck with Baryon Acoustic Oscillation (BAO) data to constrain the Brans-Dicke (BD) theory, in which the gravitational constant G evolves with time. Observations of type Ia supernovae (SNeIa) provide another important set of cosmological data, as they may be regarded as standard candles after some empirical corrections. However, in theories that include modified gravity like the BD theory, there is some risk and complication when using the SNIa data because their luminosity may depend on G. In this paper, we assume a power law relation between the SNIa luminosity and G, but treat the power index as a free parameter. We then test whether the difference in distances measured with SNIa data and BAO data can be reduced in such a model. We also constrain the BD theory and cosmological parameters by making a global fit with the CMB, BAO and SNIa data set. For the CMB+BAO+SNIa data set, we find 0.08 × 10-2 < ζ < 0.33 × 10-2 at the 68% confidence level (CL) and -0.01 × 10-2 < ζ < 0.43 × 10-2 at the 95% CL, where ζ is related to the BD parameter ω by ζ = ln(1 + 1/ω).

  13. Cosmological constraints on Brans-Dicke theory.

    PubMed

    Avilez, A; Skordis, C

    2014-07-01

    We report strong cosmological constraints on the Brans-Dicke (BD) theory of gravity using cosmic microwave background data from Planck. We consider two types of models. First, the initial condition of the scalar field is fixed to give the same effective gravitational strength Geff today as the one measured on Earth, GN. In this case, the BD parameter ? is constrained to ?>692 at the 99% confidence level, an order of magnitude improvement over previous constraints. In the second type, the initial condition for the scalar is a free parameter leading to a somewhat stronger constraint of ?>890, while Geff is constrained to 0.981

  14. Obituary: Henry Emil Kandrup, 1955-2003

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Merritt, David; Gottesman, Stephen T.

    2004-12-01

    Henry Emil Kandrup died on 18 October 2003 at his home in Gainesville Florida. Henry was a theoretical astrophysicist specializing in the application of chaotic dynamics to stellar systems. At the time of his death, Henry was a Professor at the University of Florida where he had taught for 13 years. Henry was born in Manhasset, New York on July 24, 1955 and spent most of his childhood in Great Neck. His parents, Jytte and Fred, were immigrants from Denmark where his father had worked as a silver smith. Henry was a precocious child, skipping both third and fifth grades. With the help of Sidney Spivack, a professor of sociology at Columbia University, his parents enrolled Henry in the Brooks Preparatory School in Andover, Massachusetts. After graduating at age 16, Henry enrolled at Cornell, transferring to Princeton the following year. Henry's parents adored their only child and worked hard to provide him with intellectual opportunities. Henry became an accomplished musician (organ, piano, French horn) and linguist (English, Danish, German) and was a passionate devotee of opera and ballet. Henry received his PhD in 1980 from the University of Chicago, where his thesis advisor was James Ipser. He taught at Oakland University in Michigan and Syracuse University in New York before coming to the University of Florida in 1990. Henry was sui generis. He shunned conventionality in his personal appearance and in his public demeanor, and always chose forthrightness and candor over polite silence. But to those of us who knew Henry well, his bluntness was a reflection of his intellectual consistency. Henry always said exactly what he thought, both in his published work and his public presentations, and never compromised himself for the sake of appearances. Nothing that he said or wrote was less than fully thought out. Henry's PhD thesis was entitled "Stochastic Problems in Stellar Dynamics," and most of his subsequent research was in this field. Motion in stellar systems can be stochastic for three reasons: deflection of trajectories by close encounters; non-integrability of the smoothed-out potential; and an oscillating mean field. Henry made important contributions to our understanding of all three sorts of chaos. In a series of papers from the early 1990's, Henry developed the idea of ``chaotic phase mixing," the process by which an ensemble of points evolves toward a uniform coarse-grained population of phase space. Prior to Henry's work, the evolution of stellar systems to a steady state was attributed loosely to "violent relaxation," defined as phase-space repopulation driven by changes in the smooth potential. Henry pointed out that changes in the gravitational potential do not by themselves constitute relaxation; at best, they can contribute to relaxation by inducing a degree of chaos in the stellar trajectories. But it is the chaos that is responsible for the mixing and hence for the approach to a steady state. Among his other important contributions to stellar dynamics were a formal demonstration of the equivalence of Landau damping and phase mixing, and a proof (with J. F. Sygnet) of the linear stability of a broad class of stellar systems. Shortly before his death, Henry was working on the chaotic dynamics of charged particle beams and on the influence of binary super massive black holes on orbital motion in galaxies. Henry was one of the principle organizers of more than a dozen workshops on non-linear dynamics in astronomy and astrophysics that were held at the University of Florida. At the time of his death, he was negotiating with Springer Verlag over publication of a monograph, Hamiltonian Galactic Dynamics. Henry was famous for the energetic quality of his lectures. Like many other excellent teachers, he drew upon his research to enliven his undergraduate teaching. Under Research Interests, his web site lists "creative utilization of playdough, margaritas, and spirographs in graduate and undergraduate teaching." Henry received numerous teaching citations and awards; he was consistently voted the best teacher in the department by his University of Florida students, and his Introductory Astronomy courses at Syracuse were cited as "Recommended Courses" in Lisa Birnbach's New and Improved College Book for 1990. Henry was also well known for his dedication to students and postdocs. He was an exceptionally patient and gentle advisor, never openly critical, and often gave more credit to his students than was strictly necessary. He also took a deep personal interest in his students' welfare; as he told one of them, "an advisor should spend half of his time as the student's analyst." Henry was a model scientist in many ways. It is hard to imagine stellar dynamics without him.

  15. Thomas Henry Huxley and neuroscience.

    PubMed

    Smith, C U

    1999-01-01

    In the latter decades of the nineteenth century Thomas Henry Huxley was at the heart of British Science: President of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (1870), President of the Royal Society (1883-86), Chairman of innumerable committees. His thought in many ways characterises the spirit of the 'high' Victorian age in Britain. He was not only the most eminent academic biologist of his time but also deeply interested in philosophical issues. His re-examination of the evolution of the brain in response to Richard Owen's 'telenomic' views formed the kernel of the notorious debate at the 1860 meeting of the British Association in Oxford. From his early youth until old age he thought long and hard about the mind/body problem. This paper follows the development of his ideas and shows how in debate with many of the leading thinkers of his age, in the X-club and the Metaphysical Society, he struggled to develop a biologically-based account of the relationship between mind and brain. However, at the end, he seems to have recognized that his position was not entirely satisfactory and ultimately famously confessing himself 'agnostic' turned from metaphysics to devote himself to more practical issues. The unresolved problems of mind and brain which perplexed Huxley remain to torment his epigoni. PMID:11640239

  16. Psychoactive bacteria Lactobacillus rhamnosus (JB-1) elicits rapid frequency facilitation in vagal afferents.

    PubMed

    Perez-Burgos, Azucena; Wang, Bingxian; Mao, Yu-Kang; Mistry, Bhavik; McVey Neufeld, Karen-Anne; Bienenstock, John; Kunze, Wolfgang

    2013-01-15

    Mounting evidence supports the influence of the gut microbiome on the local enteric nervous system and its effects on brain chemistry and relevant behavior. Vagal afferents are involved in some of these effects. We previously showed that ingestion of the probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus rhamnosus (JB-1) caused extensive neurochemical changes in the brain and behavior that were abrogated by prior vagotomy. Because information can be transmitted to the brain via primary afferents encoded as neuronal spike trains, our goal was to record those induced by JB-1 in vagal afferents in the mesenteric nerve bundle and thus determine the nature of the signals sent to the brain. Male Swiss Webster mice jejunal segments were cannulated ex vivo, and serosal and luminal compartments were perfused separately. Bacteria were added intraluminally. We found no evidence for translocation of labeled bacteria across the epithelium during the experiment. We recorded extracellular multi- and single-unit neuronal activity with glass suction pipettes. Within minutes of application, JB-1 increased the constitutive single- and multiunit firing rate of the mesenteric nerve bundle, but Lactobacillus salivarius (a negative control) or media alone were ineffective. JB-1 significantly augmented multiunit discharge responses to an intraluminal distension pressure of 31 hPa. Prior subdiaphragmatic vagotomy abolished all of the JB-1-evoked effects. This detailed exploration of the neuronal spike firing that encodes behavioral signaling to the brain may be useful to identify effective psychoactive bacteria and thereby offer an alternative new perspective in the field of psychiatry and comorbid conditions. PMID:23139216

  17. Ya B Zeldovich's ideas and modern Brans - Dicke cosmology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Novikov, I. D.; Shatskii, A. A.; Alexeyev, S. O.; Tret'yakova, D. A.

    2014-04-01

    We compare Ya B Zeldovich's ideas about Brans-Dicke theory and Mach's principles, contained in now-classical books, with modern results in this field. Our recent results on the Brans-Dicke cosmology with the cosmological term are presented. The Friedmann-Brans-Dicke equations are written for the flat Universe. The initial conditions for the model are provided by the presently observed Hubble constant, its first time derivative (the deceleration parameter), and matter density. The cosmological scenario with the scale factor not vanishing in the past, corresponding to the absence of the cosmological singularity, is analytically calculated. Instead of the singularity, the scale factor experiences a 'bounce' and demonstrates regular behavior at all times. Some ideas related to Mach's principle are also discussed.

  18. Dynamical phase transition in the open Dicke model

    PubMed Central

    Klinder, Jens; Keler, Hans; Wolke, Matthias; Mathey, Ludwig; Hemmerich, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    The Dicke model with a weak dissipation channel is realized by coupling a BoseEinstein condensate to an optical cavity with ultranarrow bandwidth. We explore the dynamical critical properties of the HeppLiebDicke phase transition by performing quenches across the phase boundary. We observe hysteresis in the transition between a homogeneous phase and a self-organized collective phase with an enclosed loop area showing power-law scaling with respect to the quench time, which suggests an interpretation within a general framework introduced by Kibble and Zurek. The observed hysteretic dynamics is well reproduced by numerically solving the mean-field equation derived from a generalized Dicke Hamiltonian. Our work promotes the understanding of nonequilibrium physics in open many-body systems with infinite range interactions. PMID:25733892

  19. Dynamical phase transition in the open Dicke model.

    PubMed

    Klinder, Jens; Keler, Hans; Wolke, Matthias; Mathey, Ludwig; Hemmerich, Andreas

    2015-03-17

    The Dicke model with a weak dissipation channel is realized by coupling a Bose-Einstein condensate to an optical cavity with ultranarrow bandwidth. We explore the dynamical critical properties of the Hepp-Lieb-Dicke phase transition by performing quenches across the phase boundary. We observe hysteresis in the transition between a homogeneous phase and a self-organized collective phase with an enclosed loop area showing power-law scaling with respect to the quench time, which suggests an interpretation within a general framework introduced by Kibble and Zurek. The observed hysteretic dynamics is well reproduced by numerically solving the mean-field equation derived from a generalized Dicke Hamiltonian. Our work promotes the understanding of nonequilibrium physics in open many-body systems with infinite range interactions. PMID:25733892

  20. General class of vacuum Brans-Dicke wormholes

    SciTech Connect

    Lobo, Francisco S. N.; Oliveira, Miguel A.

    2010-03-15

    Recently, traversable wormhole geometries were constructed in the context of f(R) gravity. The latter is equivalent to a Brans-Dicke theory with a coupling parameter {omega}=0, which is apparently excluded from the narrow interval, -3/2<{omega}<-4/3, extensively considered in the literature of static wormhole solutions in vacuum Brans-Dicke theory. However, this latter interval is only valid for a specific choice of an integration constant of the field equations derived on the basis of a post-Newtonian weak field approximation, and there is no reason for it to hold in the presence of compact objects with strong gravitational fields. In this context, we construct a general class of vacuum Brans-Dicke wormholes that include the value of {omega}=0.

  1. Determination of Henrys Law Constants Using Internal Standards with Benchmark Values

    EPA Science Inventory

    It is shown that Henrys law constants can be experimentally determined by comparing headspace content of compounds with known constants to interpolate the constants of other compounds. Studies were conducted over a range of water temperatures to identify temperature dependence....

  2. Counterdiabatic driving in spin squeezing and Dicke-state preparation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Opatrný, Tomáš; Saberi, Hamed; Brion, Etienne; Mølmer, Klaus

    2016-02-01

    A method is presented to transfer a system of two-level atoms from a spin coherent state to a maximally spin squeezed Dicke state, relevant for quantum metrology and quantum information processing. The initial state is the ground state of an initial linear Hamiltonian that is gradually turned into a final quadratic Hamiltonian whose ground state is the selected Dicke state. We use compensating operators to suppress diabatic transitions to unwanted states that would occur if the change were not slow. We discuss the possibilities of constructing the compensating operators by sequential application of quadratic Hamiltonians available in experiments.

  3. Detecting metrologically useful entanglement in the vicinity of Dicke states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Apellaniz, Iagoba; Lcke, Bernd; Peise, Jan; Klempt, Carsten; Tth, Gza

    2015-08-01

    We present a method to verify the metrological usefulness of noisy Dicke states of a particle ensemble with only a few collective measurements, without the need for a direct measurement of the sensitivity. Our method determines the usefulness of the state for the usual protocol for estimating the angle of rotation with Dicke states, which is based on the measurement of the second moment of a total spin component. It can also be used to detect entangled states that are useful for quantum metrology. We apply our method to recent experimental results.

  4. Inflation and dark energy from the Brans-Dicke theory

    SciTech Connect

    Artymowski, Michał; Lalak, Zygmunt; Lewicki, Marek

    2015-06-17

    We consider the Brans-Dicke theory motivated by the f(R)=R+αR{sup n}−βR{sup 2−n} model to obtain a stable minimum of the Einstein frame scalar potential of the Brans-Dicke field. As a result we have obtained an inflationary scalar potential with non-zero value of residual vacuum energy, which may be a source of dark energy. In addition we discuss the probability of quantum tunnelling from the minimum of the potential. Our results can be easily consistent with PLANCK or BICEP2 data for appropriate choices of the value of n and ω.

  5. Joseph Henry's Conception of Scientific Knowledge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Theerman, Paul

    1997-04-01

    Joseph Henry, America's premier physicist and physics teacher in the mid-nineteenth century, had decided views of scientific knowledge. These were expressed in two ways. First of all, scientific knowledge led to moral betterment. Thus the study of science was a morally good thing. This was not only because it led to the contemplation of God's creation, which was a standard reason justifying the study of science dating from the Scientific Revolution and even earlier. More importantly, the study of science itself was a moral discipline, imparting to scientists the habits and virtues of truthfulness, respect for others, care and diligence, and the discernment of meaningful patterns from experience. The moral ideals of science were expressed most strongly in Henry's upholding the international "Republic of Science"; conversely, cheapening science was a sign of moral failure. Second, for Henry and his generation, science provided a path to sure truth, separate from falsehood of both the politics and the quackery that characterized mid-century public life. Henry promoted this in his championing of the Smithsonian Institution a scientific establishment, against the ideas of others who wanted to make it a literary establishment or a training school for teachers. For Henry, the Smithsonian's scientific reputation would be established by relying on careful peer review in its publications, and supporting established scientists to write authoritative popular works. The purpose of both these activities was to raise the profile of science in the United States and further establish science and the scientific method as a guide to public life.

  6. Experimental realization of Dicke states of up to six qubits for multiparty quantum networking.

    PubMed

    Prevedel, R; Cronenberg, G; Tame, M S; Paternostro, M; Walther, P; Kim, M S; Zeilinger, A

    2009-07-10

    We report the first experimental generation and characterization of a six-photon Dicke state. The produced state shows a fidelity of F=0.56+/-0.02 with respect to an ideal Dicke state and violates a witness detecting genuine six-qubit entanglement by 4 standard deviations. We confirm characteristic Dicke properties of our resource and demonstrate its versatility by projecting out four- and five-photon Dicke states, as well as four-photon Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger and W states. We also show that Dicke states have interesting applications in multiparty quantum networking protocols such as open-destination teleportation, telecloning, and quantum secret sharing. PMID:19659190

  7. Religion as a Quest for Wholeness: Melville's Moby-Dick

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaught, Carl G.

    1974-01-01

    Author attempted to indicate the ways in which Melville's novel, Moby-Dick, may be understood as a concrete embodiment of the religious quest, and as a set of clues about ways in which the language of a quest may finally be transcended. (Author/RK)

  8. Using Herman Melville's "Moby-Dick" to Explore Geographic Themes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gesler, Wil

    2004-01-01

    The classic American novel, Herman Melville's "Moby-Dick", can be used in geography and English classes at the high school and college levels to explore five themes that have a geographic component or are of interest to geography students: (1) the journey, (2) human/environment interactions, (3) social relationships in space, (4) acquiring…

  9. TEACHING "MOBY DICK," A METHOD AND AN APPROACH.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    JOSEPHS, LOIS

    "MOBY DICK" IS SINGULARLY APPROPRIATE FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ITS PHILOSOPHICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL, AND SOCIAL EMPHASIS. HOWEVER, TO GUIDE THE STUDENTS INTO THE THEMATIC INTRICACIES OF THE WORK, THE TEACHER MUST USE A CAREFULLY PLANNED, INDUCTIVE APPROACH THAT DEMANDS CLOSE TEXTUAL STUDY IN CLASS. ALTHOUGH EACH TEACHER SHOULD CONCENTRATE ON THE…

  10. The Truth of the Thing: Nonfiction in "Moby Dick"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilbert, Betsy

    1986-01-01

    Looks at Melville's narrative construction of "onion-like...layers of truth" that combine romance and textbook, presents critics' discussion and scholars' treatment of the cetological information present in the text, offers an explanation for the lack of recognition due to the nonfictional parts of "Moby Dick." (JK)

  11. Author! Author! The Gallant Children's Author: Dick King-Smith

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2005-01-01

    This column presents a brief biography of Dick King-Smith. Born on March 27, 1922 and raised in Gloucestershire, England, he grew up with animals of all kinds. King-Smith was a farmer for twenty years and then became a school teacher. He was also a soldier during wartime, a traveling salesman, shoe factory worker, and television presenter. He…

  12. Author! Author! The Gallant Children's Author: Dick King-Smith

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2005-01-01

    This column presents a brief biography of Dick King-Smith. Born on March 27, 1922 and raised in Gloucestershire, England, he grew up with animals of all kinds. King-Smith was a farmer for twenty years and then became a school teacher. He was also a soldier during wartime, a traveling salesman, shoe factory worker, and television presenter. He

  13. Draft genome sequences of Streptococcus bovis strains ATCC 33317 and JB1

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    We report the draft genome sequences of Streptococcus bovis type strain ATTC 33317 (CVM42251) isolated from cow dung and strain JB1 (CVM42252) isolated from a cow rumen in 1977. Strains were subjected to Next Generation sequencing and the genome sizes are approximately 2 MB and 2.2 MB, respectively....

  14. Biosorption of cationic basic dye and cadmium by the novel biosorbent Bacillus catenulatus JB-022 strain.

    PubMed

    Kim, Su Young; Jin, Mi Ra; Chung, Chang Ho; Yun, Yeoung-Sang; Jahng, Kwang Yeop; Yu, Kang-Yeol

    2015-04-01

    Biosorption of heavy metals and dyes is a promising technology that involves the removal of toxic metals from industrial wastes. The present study aims to screen the bacterial strains isolated from soils and polluted pond for their potential biosorption of both cationic dye and cadmium. Bacillus catenulatus JB-022 strain removed 58% and 66% of cationic basic blue 3 (BB3) and cadmium (Cd(II)) at the respective concentrations of 2000 mg/L and 150 mg/L. The biosorption equilibrium data were well fitted by the Langmuir adsorption isotherm, and the kinetic studies indicated that the biosorption followed the pseudo-second-order model. The biosorption kinetics showed that the equilibrium was reached within 10 min and 5 min for BB3 and Cd(II), respectively. According to the Langmuir model, the maximum uptakes of BB3 and Cd(II) by the JB-022 biomass were estimated to be 139.74 and 64.28 mg/g, respectively. To confirm the surface morphology and functional groups, field emission scanning electron microscope, energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer, X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analyses were carried out, and the results revealed that the biomass of JB-022 has carboxyl and phosphonate groups as potential surface functional groups capable of binding to cationic pollutants. In conclusion, B. catenulatus JB-022 is proposed as an excellent biosorbent with potentially important applications in removal of cationic pollutants from wastewaters. PMID:25454694

  15. Degradation of mono-, di-, and trihalogenated benzoic acids by Pseudomonas aeruginosa JB2

    SciTech Connect

    Hickey, W.J.; Focht, D.D. )

    1990-12-01

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa JB2 was isolated from a polychlorinated biphenyl-contaminated soil by enrichment culture containing 2-chlorobenzoate as the sole carbon source. Strain JB2 was subsequently found also to grow on 3-chlorobenzoate, 2,3- and 2,5-dichlorobenzoates, 2,3,5-trichlorobenzoate, and a wide range of other mono- and dihalogenated benzoic acids. Cometabolism of 2,4-dichlorobenzoate was also observed. Chlorocatechols were the central intermediates of all chlorobenzoate catabolic pathways. Degradation of 2-chlorobenzoate was routed through 3-chlorocatechol, whereas 4-chlorocatechol was identified from the metabolism of both 2,3- and 2,5-dichlorobenzoate. The initial attack on chlorobenzoates was oxygen dependent and most likely mediated by dioxygenases. Although plasmids were not detected in strain JB2, spontaneous mutants were detected in 70% of glycerol-grown colonies. The mutants were all of the following phenotype: benzoate{sup +}, 3-chlorobenzoate{sup +}, 2-chlorobenzoate{sup {minus}}, 2,3-dichlorobenzoate{sup {minus}}, 2,5-dichlorobenzoate{sup {minus}}. While chlorocatechols were oxidized by the mutants at wild-type levels, oxidation of 2-chloro- and 2,3- and 2,5-dichlorobenzoates was substantially diminished. These findings suggested that strain JB2 possessed, in addition to the benzoate dioxygenase, a halobenzoate dioxygenase that was necessary for the degradation of chlorobenzoates substituted in the ortho position.

  16. Draft Genome Sequences of Streptococcus bovis Strains ATCC 33317 and JB1.

    PubMed

    Benahmed, Faiza H; Gopinath, Gopal R; Harbottle, Heather; Cotta, Michael A; Luo, Yan; Henderson, Carol; Teri, Plona; Soppet, Daniel; Rasmussen, Mark; Whitehead, Terence R; Davidson, Maureen

    2014-01-01

    We report the draft genome sequences of Streptococcus bovis strain ATCC 33317 (CVM42251) isolated from cow dung and strain JB1 (CVM42252) isolated from a cow rumen in 1977. The strains were sequenced using the Genome Sequencer FLX 454 system. The genome sizes are approximately 2Mb and 2.2Mb, respectively. PMID:25301652

  17. Tablet PCs in Engineering Mathematics Courses at the J.B. Speed School of Engineering

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hieb, Jeffrey L.; Ralston, Patricia A. S.

    2010-01-01

    In fall 2007, J.B. Speed School of Engineering at the University of Louisville joined the ranks of universities requiring the purchase of Tablet PCs for all new entering students. This article presents a description of how the Department of Engineering Fundamentals incorporated Tablet PCs into their instruction, a review of the literature

  18. Observational constraints of the gravitational waves in the Brans-Dicke theory: Einstein frame and Jordan-Brans-Dicke frame

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Freitas, R. C.; Gonalves, S. V. B.

    2012-04-01

    We investigate the quantum origin of the primordial cosmological gravitational waves in the Brans-Dicke theory in the two conformally related frames, the Jordan-Brans-Dicke frame and the Einstein frame. We calculated the theoretical observable in both frames and we compared both with General Relativity. We compute the number of gravitons Nk produced during inflation and the observables: power spectrum PT, spectral index nT and energy density ?k. The comparison shows that for the case of the particles number Nk the results are the same in both frames and in General Relativity when the Brans-Dicke parameter is much bigger than unity. For the spectral index nT we show that it is possible to get a scale invariant perturbation in the Jordan-Brans-Dicke frame when ??? and in the Einstein frame when ???. In both frames, the results found for the power spectrum PT and the energy density ? show that the preferred values of ? are different from that are found in the local tests.

  19. Possible Pasts: Historiography and Legitimation in "Henry VIII."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamps, Ivo

    1996-01-01

    Aims to rehabilitate the reputation of Shakespeare's "Henry VIII" and emphasizes its potential usefulness in the classroom by reconsidering it in the context of Renaissance history writing. Shows how "Henry VIII" can be taught as a commentary on or seen as a continuation of incipient themes in "The Tempest" and "Henry V." (TB)

  20. Lou Henry Hoover and the Girl Scouts: A Tribute.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMullin, Dare Stark

    This booklet is a special tribute to Lou Henry Hoover, wife of President Herbert Hoover, from a close friend, social secretary, and chief research assistant to the First Lady. The small booklet provides a look at the social history of the era by focusing on Lou Henry Hoover and her interest in the outdoors. Lou Henry Hoover was the first women to

  1. Antoine-Henri Jomini: A Bibliographical Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alger, John I.

    Although the writings of Antoine-Henri Jomini influenced military thought during the 19th and 20th centuries, the obscurity of their publishing history has led to misunderstandings of the development and substance of Jomini's thought. This review attempts to (1) point out the continuity of his thought on the conduct of war, and (2) provide an…

  2. Henry Ward Beecher: A Nation's Tribune.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chandler, Daniel Ross

    Henry Ward Beecher was America's most prominent 19th century liberal preacher and a major spokesperson for New England Transcendentalism. His philosophy integrated four fundamental themes: the creation of a moral code based on the internalization of values and peer group pressures, the establishment of the reform ideal of the impartial nonpartisan

  3. The Ideas of Henry Jenkins and Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Byron

    2008-01-01

    Henry Jenkins, director of the Comparative Media Studies Program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and keynote speaker at the 2007 American Library Association's "Gaming, Learning and Libraries Symposium" in Chicago is a visionary leader in the areas of new media and media convergence. In a white paper on digital media and learning

  4. In the Style of Henry Moore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinshaw, Craig

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author describes an art project inspired by Henry Moore's sculptures. This project consists of two activities. In the first activity, students select, sand and stain a wood block that would become a base for their plaster sculpture. This activity would keep the students independently engaged (classroom management) while the

  5. Livres d'Artiste: Henri Matisse, Jazz.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Godlewski, Susan Glover

    1990-01-01

    Outlines the life of Henri Matisse and how he created his paper cut-outs, which were reproduced in a book. Discusses the importance of artists' books. Suggests some creative activities for all grades in book making and paper cut-outs that could be worked in conjunction with a language arts program. (KM)

  6. Henri Matisse's "Beasts of the Sea"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graff, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Henri Matisse (1869-1954) was a very prolific Impressionist/Post-Impressionist artist whose longevity allowed him to produce many wonderful, brightly colored pieces of art that spanned different styles, movements and media. Elementary-school children love color and appreciate any project that does not require their work to be exact or totally…

  7. Appreciating Gantos' Jack Henry as an Archetype.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Jinx Stapleton

    2001-01-01

    Examines the contemporary realism of the literary character Jack Henry, a middle school child, as representative of two classic literary elements, the quest cycle and the lone hero. Concludes that classic structures of plots and characteristics of hero offer many modern protagonists a shape for their realistic and ordinary adventures. (SG/47)

  8. In the Style of Henry Moore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinshaw, Craig

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author describes an art project inspired by Henry Moore's sculptures. This project consists of two activities. In the first activity, students select, sand and stain a wood block that would become a base for their plaster sculpture. This activity would keep the students independently engaged (classroom management) while the…

  9. The Ideas of Henry Jenkins and Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Byron

    2008-01-01

    Henry Jenkins, director of the Comparative Media Studies Program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and keynote speaker at the 2007 American Library Association's "Gaming, Learning and Libraries Symposium" in Chicago is a visionary leader in the areas of new media and media convergence. In a white paper on digital media and learning…

  10. Henry James on the Art of Acting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, David W.

    Henry James, the nineteenth-century American novelist, also served on occasion as a theatre critic. Between 1875 and 1890 he reviewed several productions in Boston, New York, London, and Paris for "Atlantic Monthly" and other periodicals. The reviews are of interest because of James' high standards regarding acting and his often devasting comments

  11. The Practice of Creativity: Henry James' Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frame, J. Douglas

    1973-01-01

    Analyzes a Henry James short story and his notes on the process used to create it and then, as an aid for students in creative writing courses, formulates a scheme describing the creative process used for developing a written work. (TO)

  12. Nonclassical effects in a highly nonlinear generalized homogeneous Dicke model

    SciTech Connect

    Grinberg, Horacio

    2011-11-15

    An intensity dependent nonlinear coupling model of N two-level atoms (generalized Dicke model) interacting dispersively with a bimodal cavity field via two-photon transitions is investigated in a scenario where the rotating wave approximation is assumed. The model becomes homogeneous in the sense that the spin transition frequency is the same for all atoms and the coupling constants emerging from the collective interactions of the atomic system with the cavity field depend only on the particular radiation field mode. This allows us to represent the Dicke Hamiltonian entirely in terms of the total angular momentum J. It is assumed that, initially, the atomic system and the field are in a disentangled state where the field modes are in Glauber coherent states and the atomic system is a superposition of states |JM> (Dicke states). The model is numerically tested against simulations of normal squeezing variance of the field, squeezing factors based on the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, along with the statistical properties of the light leading to the possible production of nonclassical effects, such as degree of second-order coherence in the modes, degree of intermode correlation, as well as violation of the Cauchy-Schwartz inequality. Analytical expression of the total density operator matrix elements at t>0 shows the present nonlinear model to be strongly entangled, which is reflected in the time evolution of the linear entropy, where the superposition states are reduced to statistical mixtures. Thus, the present generalized Dicke model does not preserve the modulus of the Bloch vector. The computations, performed in the weak coupling and strong field limits, were conducted via second-order Dyson perturbative expansion of the time evolution operator matrix elements for the totality of the angular momentum states of the atomic system. - Highlights: > The present highly nonlinear generalized Dicke model involves two-photon transitions. > Quantum coherences significantly affect the dynamics of the atomic system. > At t>0 the time-dependent density operator matrix becomes strongly entangled. > Linear entropy shows that the superposition states turn into statistical mixtures. > The present Dicke model does not preserve the modulus of the Bloch vector.

  13. Dissipative Dicke model with nonlinear atom-photon interaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grimsmo, A. L.; Parkins, A. S.

    2013-11-01

    We study a generalized Dicke model, as recently realized in an atomic quantum gas experiment, describing the collective interaction of N two-level atoms with a single cavity mode. The model takes account of dissipation of the cavity field, and includes a nonlinear atom-photon coupling, not present in the conventional Dicke model. We extend previous theoretical investigations of a semiclassical model by including all quantum effects and considering finite atom number N. Our results show good agreement between quantum expectation values and the semiclassical model as N is increased, but also show exotic behaviour for the corresponding quantum state as the nonlinear atom-photon coupling is varied. We consider the cavity-field Wigner function, the atomic Q-function for the collective spin, and the entanglement between the cavity mode and the spin.

  14. Dicke simulators with emergent collective quantum computational abilities.

    PubMed

    Rotondo, Pietro; Cosentino Lagomarsino, Marco; Viola, Giovanni

    2015-04-10

    Using an approach inspired from spin glasses, we show that the multimode disordered Dicke model is equivalent to a quantum Hopfield network. We propose variational ground states for the system at zero temperature, which we conjecture to be exact in the thermodynamic limit. These ground states contain the information on the disordered qubit-photon couplings. These results lead to two intriguing physical implications. First, once the qubit-photon couplings can be engineered, it should be possible to build scalable pattern-storing systems whose dynamics is governed by quantum laws. Second, we argue with an example of how such Dicke quantum simulators might be used as a solver of "hard" combinatorial optimization problems. PMID:25910121

  15. Impurity in a bosonic Josephson junction: Swallowtail loops, chaos, self-trapping, and Dicke model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mumford, Jesse; Larson, Jonas; O'Dell, D. H. J.

    2014-02-01

    We study a model describing N identical bosonic atoms trapped in a double-well potential together with a single-impurity atom, comparing and contrasting it throughout with the Dicke model. As the boson-impurity coupling strength is varied, there is a symmetry-breaking pitchfork bifurcation which is analogous to the quantum phase transition occurring in the Dicke model. Through stability analysis around the bifurcation point, we show that the critical value of the coupling strength has the same dependence on the parameters as the critical coupling value in the Dicke model. We also show that, like the Dicke model, the mean-field dynamics goes from being regular to chaotic above the bifurcation and macroscopic excitations of the bosons are observed. Although the boson-impurity system behaves like a poor man's version of the Dicke model, we demonstrate a self-trapping phenomenon which thus far has not been discussed in the realm of the Dicke model.

  16. Digital quantum Rabi and Dicke models in superconducting circuits.

    PubMed

    Mezzacapo, A; Las Heras, U; Pedernales, J S; DiCarlo, L; Solano, E; Lamata, L

    2014-01-01

    We propose the analog-digital quantum simulation of the quantum Rabi and Dicke models using circuit quantum electrodynamics (QED). We find that all physical regimes, in particular those which are impossible to realize in typical cavity QED setups, can be simulated via unitary decomposition into digital steps. Furthermore, we show the emergence of the Dirac equation dynamics from the quantum Rabi model when the mode frequency vanishes. Finally, we analyze the feasibility of this proposal under realistic superconducting circuit scenarios. PMID:25500735

  17. Information geometry and quantum phase transitions in the Dicke model.

    PubMed

    Dey, Anshuman; Mahapatra, Subhash; Roy, Pratim; Sarkar, Tapobrata

    2012-09-01

    We study information geometry of the Dicke model, in the thermodynamic limit. The scalar curvature R of the Riemannian metric tensor induced on the parameter space of the model is calculated. We analyze this both with and without the rotating wave approximation, and show that the parameter manifold is smooth even at the phase transition, and that the scalar curvature is continuous across the phase boundary. PMID:23030896

  18. Structure scalars and cylindrical systems in Brans-Dicke gravity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharif, M.; Manzoor, Rubab

    2015-09-01

    This paper explores structure scalars of cylindrically symmetric spacetime in Brans-Dicke gravity. We construct twelve scalar factors using orthogonal splitting of the Reimann tensor and study their distinct dynamical interpretations. These structure scalars are used to derive a set of governing equations of the evolving system. It is concluded that cylindrical systems are necessarily inhomogeneous. Finally, we show that all possible static inhomogeneous cylindrical solutions can be obtained through structure scalars.

  19. Contaminant Monitoring Strategy for Henrys Lake, Idaho

    SciTech Connect

    John S. Irving; R. P. Breckenridge

    1992-12-01

    Henrys Lake, located in southeastern Idaho, is a large, shallow lake (6,600 acres, {approx} 17.1 feet maximum depth) located at 6,472 feet elevation in Fremont Co., Idaho at the headwaters of the Henrys Fork of the Snake River. The upper watershed is comprised of high mountains of the Targhee National Forest and the lakeshore is surrounded by extensive flats and wetlands, which are mostly privately owned. The lake has been dammed since 1922, and the upper 12 feet of the lake waters are allocated for downriver use. Henrys Lake is a naturally productive lake supporting a nationally recognized ''Blue Ribbon'' trout fishery. There is concern that increasing housing development and cattle grazing may accelerate eutrophication and result in winter and early spring fish kills. There has not been a recent thorough assessment of lake water quality. However, the Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) is currently conducting a study of water quality on Henrys Lake and tributary streams. Septic systems and lawn runoff from housing developments on the north, west, and southwest shores could potentially contribute to the nutrient enrichment of the lake. Many houses are on steep hillsides where runoff from lawns, driveways, etc. drain into wetland flats along the lake or directly into the lake. In addition, seepage from septic systems (drainfields) drain directly into the wetlands enter groundwater areas that seep into the lake. Cattle grazing along the lake margin, riparian areas, and uplands is likely accelerating erosion and nutrient enrichment. Also, cattle grazing along riparian areas likely adds to nutrient enrichment of the lake through subsurface flow and direct runoff. Stream bank and lakeshore erosion may also accelerate eutrophication by increasing the sedimentation of the lake. Approximately nine streams feed the lake (see map), but flows are often severely reduced or completely eliminated due to irrigation diversion. In addition, subsurface flows can occur as a result of severe cattle grazing along riparian areas and deltas. Groundwater and springs also feed the lake, and are likely critical for oxygen supply during winter stratification. During the winter of 1991, Henrys Lake experienced low dissolved oxygen levels resulting in large fish kills. It is thought that thick ice cover combined with an increase in nutrient loads created conditions resulting in poor water quality. The Idaho Department of Health and Welfare, DEQ is currently conducting a study to determine the water quality of Henrys Lake, the sources contributing to its deterioration, and potential remedial actions to correct problem areas.

  20. Obituary: Richard L. (Dick) Walker, Jr., 1938-2005

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pier, Jeffrey R.; Mason, Brian

    2005-12-01

    Dick Walker, 67, died 30 March 2005 in Flagstaff, AZ, following a long illness. He was born on 9 March 1938 in Hampton, Iowa and grew up in Waterloo, Iowa. As a child, Dick was fascinated with astronomy and built his own telescope. He saved his pennies and bought and read every book on the subject he could find. He also raised pigeons, naming four of them Hertzsprung, Hoyle, Gamow, and Kron. In 1957, the year Sputnik was launched, Dick began his college studies at the University of Northern Iowa in Cedar Falls. In 1959, he transferred to the State University of Iowa (subsequently renamed the University of Iowa) in Iowa City, where he earned a BA degree in astronomy and physics in 1963. He joined the staff of the U.S. Naval Observatory in Washington, DC, where he worked in the Time Service Division for a year before his assignment to the Astrometry and Astrophysics Division. Dick relocated to Flagstaff, AZ, in 1966 to continue his Naval Observatory service at the Flagstaff Station. His retirement in May 1999, ended a thirty-six-year career with USNO. Dick was first and foremost an observational astronomer. From the mid 1960s through the late 1970s, much of Dick's time was devoted to the measurement of binary stars, observing with the 12-inch and 26-inch refractors in Washington and later the 40-inch and 61-inch reflectors in Flagstaff. He also made many trips to Lick Observatory to work with the 36-inch Clark Refractor there. During this time he consulted with Charles Worley, who was observing on the 26-inch, to make sure time was well-spent examining doubles that could not be observed in Washington. This period of observing overlapped with the early years of speckle interferometry, and Dick's observations, made with the largest telescope used for micrometry at the time, were very important for ascertaining the veracity of this new technique. He was a studious and very careful observer of doubles and made over 8,000 measures, resulting in almost 3,000 mean positions. While measuring known systems for orbital analysis, he discovered 22 pairs (mostly additional components to these systems) and moving pairs, and his highlighting the rapid motion of these systems resulted in them being placed on many programs and led to the more definitive orbits of today. As a staff member of the Flagstaff Station, Dick was, for over 30 years, one of the principal observers on the 61-inch parallax program. He also ventured into other areas of astronomy, including planetary systems. He is credited with discovering the moon of Saturn, Epimetheus, in December 1966, with the USNO Flagstaff Station 61-inch Kaj Strand Astrometric Reflector. He also obtained photographic plates to determine accurate positions of the outer planets for the Voyager 2 approaches to Uranus in 1986 and Neptune in 1989. It is interesting to note that Dick's career in observational astronomy spanned three different eras of astronomical instrumentation and technique. He began his career doing eyeball astronomy, using a filar micrometer to measure double star separations. Photographic astronomy then became dominant and he took many thousands of plates. During the last ten years of his career, electronic cameras, primarily CCDs, replaced photographic plates. He readily adapted to the changing technologies. A man of many interests, Dick was fascinated by the history of astronomy, especially archeoastronomy, as well as Egyptology. He taught himself the language of hieroglyphics. In 1977, having accumulated several weeks of vacation time, he set off on a trek to walk the Nile for 500 miles from Aswan to Cairo. One night, in the town Asyut along the Nile, he was brought into the police station. The local inhabitants found it hard to credit his story that he was simply on a walk and questioned him as a possible Israeli spy. Following his retirement from the Naval Observatory, Dick consulted in a couple of construction projects. He designed the analemma and the skywalk star fields for the Koch Center for Science, Math, and Technology at Deerfield Academy in Massachusetts. He also consulted with James Turrell, providing astronomical position information for the design of the Roden Crater Project outside of Flagstaff. While he will be remembered for his significant scientific contributions to the field of astronomy, those who knew Dick, both scientists and non-scientists alike, will probably remember him best for his humility, his humanity, and his loyal and abiding friendship. He was a man with a terrific sense of humor and an infectious laugh. It was always an honor and pleasure to be in his company. Richard L. Walker, Jr. is survived by his wife, Patricia, two daughters from his first marriage: Brenda Walker of Las Vegas, NV, and Pamela Hepburn of Holland, OH, as well as four children from Patricia's first marriage: Doug Browning of Lake Havasu City, AZ, Michael Browning of Kingman, AZ, Kim Bructo of Orient, OH, and Jennifer Brown of Lake Havasu City, AZ. He is also survived by ten grandchildren and three great-grandchildren. He was preceded in death by his father Richard, mother Mary, and daughter, Paula Jean Elizabeth Stone.

  1. Antigravity in F( R) and Brans-Dicke theories

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oikonomou, V. K.; Karagiannakis, N.

    2014-12-01

    We study antigravity in F( R)-theory originating scalar-tensor theories and also in Brans-Dicke models without cosmological constant. For the F( R) theory case, we obtain the Jordan frame antigravity scalar-tensor theory by using a variant of the Lagrange multipliers method and we numerically study the time dependent effective gravitational constant. As we shall demonstrate in detail by using some viable F( R) models, although the initial F( R) models have no antigravity, their scalar-tensor counterpart theories might or not have antigravity, a fact mainly depending on the parameter that characterizes antigravity. Similar results hold true in the Brans-Dicke model, which we also studied numerically. In addition, regarding the Brans-Dicke model we also found some analytic cosmological solutions. Since antigravity is an unwanted feature in gravitational theories, our findings suggest that in the case of F( R) theories, antigravity does not occur in the real world described by the F( R) theory, but might occur in the Jordan frame scalar-tensor counterpart of the F( R) theory, and this happens under certain circumstances. The central goal of our study is to present all different cases in which antigravity might occur in modified gravity models.

  2. Dynamics and cosmological constraints on Brans-Dicke cosmology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hrycyna, Orest; Szyd?owski, Marek; Kamionka, Micha?

    2014-12-01

    We investigate observational constraints on the Brans-Dicke cosmological model using observational data coming from distant supernovae type Ia, the Hubble function H (z ) measurements, information coming from the Alcock-Paczy?ski test, and baryon acoustic oscillations. Our analysis is based on the modified Friedmann function resulting form dynamical investigations of Brans-Dicke cosmology in the vicinity of a de Sitter state. The qualitative theory of dynamical systems enables us to obtain three different behaviors in the vicinity of this state. We find for a linear approach to the de Sitter state ?BD=-0.8606-0.1341+0.8281 , for an oscillatory approach to the de Sitter state ?BD=-1.1103-0.1729+0.1872 , and for the transient de Sitter state represented by a saddle-type critical point ?BD=-2.3837-4.5459+0.4588 . We obtain the mass of the Brans-Dicke scalar field at the present epoch as m?H0. The Bayesian methods of model comparison are used to discriminate between obtained models. We show that observational data point toward vales of the ?BD parameter close to the value suggested by the low-energy limit of the bosonic string theory.

  3. Metallic Nickel Nanoparticles May Exhibit Higher Carcinogenic Potential than Fine Particles in JB6 Cells

    PubMed Central

    Bowman, Linda; Zou, Baobo; Mao, Guochuan; Xu, Jin; Castranova, Vincent; Zhao, Jinshun; Ding, Min

    2014-01-01

    While numerous studies have described the pathogenic and carcinogenic effects of nickel compounds, little has been done on the biological effects of metallic nickel. Moreover, the carcinogenetic potential of metallic nickel nanoparticles is unknown. Activator protein-1 (AP-1) and nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B) have been shown to play pivotal roles in tumor initiation, promotion, and progression. Mutation of the p53 tumor suppressor gene is considered to be one of the steps leading to the neoplastic state. The present study examines effects of metallic nickel fine and nanoparticles on tumor promoter or suppressor gene expressions as well as on cell transformation in JB6 cells. Our results demonstrate that metallic nickel nanoparticles caused higher activation of AP-1 and NF-?B, and a greater decrease of p53 transcription activity than fine particles. Western blot indicates that metallic nickel nanoparticles induced a higher level of protein expressions for R-Ras, c-myc, C-Jun, p65, and p50 in a time-dependent manner. In addition, both metallic nickel nano- and fine particles increased anchorage-independent colony formation in JB6 P+ cells in the soft agar assay. These results imply that metallic nickel fine and nanoparticles are both carcinogenetic in vitro in JB6 cells. Moreover, metallic nickel nanoparticles may exhibit higher carcinogenic potential, which suggests that precautionary measures should be taken in the use of nickel nanoparticles or its compounds in nanomedicine. PMID:24691273

  4. Henri Laborit and the inhibition of action

    PubMed Central

    Kunz, Edward

    2014-01-01

    Henri Laborit was one of the founders of modern neuropsychopharmacology, having discovered, or participated in, the discovery of chlorpromazine, gamma-OH, clomethiazole, and minaprine. He also put forward a theory regarding the necessity of counteracting the negative consequences of defense mechanisms during anesthesia or behavioral inhibition. The scope of his work covers neurophysiology, pharmacology, psychiatry, and psychosomatics. His independence of spirit meant that most of his research was not done within university settings. PMID:24733976

  5. Henri Laborit and the inhibition of action.

    PubMed

    Kunz, Edward

    2014-03-01

    Henri Laborit was one of the founders of modern neuropsychopharmacology, having discovered, or participated in, the discovery of chlorpromazine, gamma-OH, clomethiazole, and minaprine. He also put forward a theory regarding the necessity of counteracting the negative consequences of defense mechanisms during anesthesia or behavioral inhibition. The scope of his work covers neurophysiology, pharmacology, psychiatry, and psychosomatics. His independence of spirit meant that most of his research was not done within university settings. PMID:24733976

  6. Henry Dale and the discovery of acetylcholine.

    PubMed

    Tansey, E M

    2006-01-01

    In 1936 Sir Henry Dale of London and Professor Otto Loewi from Graz shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their work on chemical neurotransmission. This paper uses much unpublished archival material to augment an examination of Dale's work, from his discovery of naturally occurring acetylcholine in 1913, through to evidence of its role as a neurotransmitter at autonomic ganglia, post-ganglionic parasympathetic nerve terminals and the neuromuscular junction. PMID:16731499

  7. Do massive Brans-Dicke theories of gravitation imitate Brans-Dicke theories with nonzero divergence of energy-momentum tensor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smalley, L. L.

    1974-01-01

    Acharya and Hogan (1973) have introduced a massive scalar field into the usual Brans-Dicke (1961) theory of gravitation. Formally they obtain certain field equations. The assumption of a nonzero divergence for T mu nu (or equivalently the introduction of sources) formally imitates a massive Brans-Dicke and satisfies the condition of Acharya and Hogan that the theory be indistinguishable with the classical test of the Einstein theory. Although it was shown elsewhere that the modified Brans-Dicke theory agrees with the classical test under certain conditions, there were no specified limits on omega, a similar circumstance discovered by Acharya and Hogan for the massive scalar field.

  8. View of fourlane Henry Hudson Parkway winding through Riverdale, showing ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of four-lane Henry Hudson Parkway winding through Riverdale, showing service roads, from White Hall Cooperative Apartments. Henry Hudson Bridge, Inwood Hill Park, the Cloisters and Fort Tryon Park, George Washington Bridge, and Manhattan skyline in background, looking southwest. - Henry Hudson Parkway, Extending 11.2 miles from West 72nd Street to Bronx-Westchester border, New York, New York County, NY

  9. Chaotic Regime of Dicke Invertionless Super-Radiance in a High-Q Cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryzhov, I. V.; Vasil'ev, N. A.; Malyshev, V. A.; Shtager, M. D.; Kosova, I. S.

    2015-09-01

    We investigate theoretically different regimes of Dicke superradiance of an ensemble of three-level emitters (L configuration of the operating transitions) placed in a cyclic high-Q cavity. It is shown, that different regimes of three-level Dicke superradiance can be realized: regular dynamics, quasiperiodic and even chaotic behavior.

  10. On the phenomenology of extended Brans-Dicke gravity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lima, Nelson A.; Ferreira, Pedro G.

    2016-01-01

    We introduce a designer approach for extended Brans-Dicke gravity that allows us to obtain the evolution of the scalar field by fixing the Hubble parameter to that of a w CDM model. We obtain analytical approximations for ? as a function of the scale factor and use these to build expressions for the effective Newton's constant at the background and at the linear level and the slip between the perturbed Newtonian potentials. By doing so, we are able to explore their dependence on the fundamental parameters of the theory.

  11. An instance of sleep paralysis in Moby-Dick.

    PubMed

    Herman, J

    1997-07-01

    It is suggested that picturesque medical conditions can, at times, be encountered in literary works composed prior to their clinical delineation. This is true of sleep paralysis, of which the first scientific description was given by Silas Weir Mitchell in 1876. A quarter of a century earlier, Herman Melville, in Moby-Dick, gave a precise account of a case, including the predisposing factors and sexual connotations, all in accord with modern theory. The details of Ishmael's attack of sleep paralysis, the stresses leading up to it, and the associations causing him to recall the experience are given here. PMID:9322274

  12. The limits of pity in Bartleby and Moby Dick.

    PubMed

    Rosenblatt, L

    2008-12-01

    Failures in the emotional connection between doctors and their patients tend to be reported in terms of compassion fatigue, burn-out, secondary trauma and depression in overlapping and somewhat interchangeable ways. In Moby Dick and Bartleby, Melville interrogates the culturally accepted descriptions of pity and explores the reasons for the limits in human pity he observed and depicted. In an attempt to understand whether the feelings of pity that a patient's suffering can evoke in physicians are sustainable, desirable, or counter-productive, Melville's narratives, along with that of a woman who, while living with advanced cancer experiences the breakdown of a key medical relationship, will be considered. PMID:23674582

  13. Determination of Dicke states equivalent under stochastic local operations and classical communication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Xia; Yang, Ying-hui; Wen, Qiao-yan; Qin, Su-juan; Gao, Fei

    2015-11-01

    It has been proven by Rana et al. that the n -qubit generic Dicke states |GD (n ,? )> are uniquely determined, among arbitrary states, by their (? +1 ) -partite reduced density matrices, and (n -1 ? ) number of them which have one party common to all are sufficient. We show that among arbitrary states, Dicke-type states are also uniquely determined by their (? +1 ) -partite reduced density matrices. Here, by Dicke-type states, we mean all multiqubit pure states that are stochastic local operations and classical communication equivalent to the n -qubit standard Dicke state |D (n ,? )> . Moreover, we find two kinds of subsets of the (? +1 ) -partite reduced density matrices set, both of which can determine the Dicke-type states. More importantly, the number of elements in these two subsets is much smaller than (n -1 ? ) .

  14. James McHenry, M.D. of Fort McHenry in Baltimore Towne.

    PubMed

    Miller, J M

    1992-05-01

    James McHenry, M.D., whose name is best known for the fort immortalized in the Star Spangled Banner, was one of the early members of Med Chi. In addition, he was secretary to George Washington; aide to Lafayette; member of the Maryland Senate, the General Assembly of Maryland, and the US Congress; and signer of the Constitution. PMID:1625535

  15. Development of a New Shielding Model for JB-Line Dose Rate Calculations

    SciTech Connect

    Buckner, M.R.

    2001-08-09

    This report describes the shielding model development for the JB-Line Upgrade project. The product of this effort is a simple-to-use but accurate method of estimating the personnel dose expected for various operating conditions on the line. The current techniques for shielding calculations use transport codes such as ANISN which, while accurate for geometries which can be accurately approximated as one dimensional slabs, cylinders or spheres, fall short in calculating configurations in which two-or three-dimensional effects (e.g., streaming) play a role in the dose received by workers.

  16. Dynamical complexity of the Brans-Dicke cosmology

    SciTech Connect

    Hrycyna, Orest; Szydłowski, Marek E-mail: marek.szydlowski@uj.edu.pl

    2013-12-01

    The dynamics of the Brans-Dicke theory with a quadratic scalar field potential function and barotropic matter is investigated. The dynamical system methods are used to reveal complexity of dynamical evolution in homogeneous and isotropic cosmological models. The structure of phase space crucially depends on the parameter of the theory ω{sub BD} as well as barotropic matter index w{sub m}. In our analysis these parameters are treated as bifurcation parameters. We found sets of values of these parameters which lead to generic evolutional scenarios. We show that in isotropic and homogeneous models in the Brans-Dicke theory with a quadratic potential function the de Sitter state appears naturally. Stability conditions of this state are fully investigated. It is shown that these models can explain accelerated expansion of the Universe without the assumption of the substantial form of dark matter and dark energy. The Poincare construction of compactified phase space with a circle at infinity is used to show that phase space trajectories in a physical region can be equipped with a structure of a vector field on nontrivial topological closed space. For ω{sub BD} < −3/2 we show new types of early and late time evolution leading from the anti-de Sitter to the de Sitter state through an asymmetric bounce. In the theory without a ghost we find bouncing solutions and the coexistence of the bounces and the singularity. Following the Peixoto theorem some conclusions about structural stability are drawn.

  17. Frequency comparison of optical lattice clocks beyond the Dick limit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takamoto, Masao; Takano, Tetsushi; Katori, Hidetoshi

    2011-05-01

    The supreme accuracy of atomic clocks relies on the universality of atomic transition frequencies. The stability of a clock, meanwhile, measures how quickly the clock's statistical uncertainties are reduced. The ultimate measure of stability is provided by the quantum projection noise, which improves as 1/?N by measuring N uncorrelated atoms. Quantum projection noise limited stabilities have been demonstrated in caesium clocks and in single-ion optical clocks, where the quantum noise overwhelms the Dick effect attributed to local oscillator noise. Here, we demonstrate a synchronous frequency comparison of two optical lattice clocks using 87Sr and 88Sr atoms, respectively, for which the Allan standard deviation reached 1 10-17 in an averaging time of 1,600 s by cancelling out the Dick effect to approach the quantum projection noise limit. The scheme demonstrates the advantage of using a large number (N ~ 1,000) of atoms in optical clocks and paves the way to investigating the inherent uncertainties of clocks and relativistic geodesy on a timescale of tens of minutes.

  18. Dicke-type phase transition in a multimode optomechanical system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mumford, Jesse; O'Dell, D. H. J.; Larson, Jonas

    2015-01-01

    We consider the "membrane in the middle" optomechanical model consisting of a laser pumped cavity which is divided in two by a flexible membrane that is partially transmissive to light and subject to radiation pressure. Steady state solutions at the mean-field level reveal that there is a critical strength of the light-membrane coupling above which there is a symmetry breaking bifurcation where the membrane spontaneously acquires a displacement either to the left or the right. This bifurcation bears many of the signatures of a second order phase transition and we compare and contrast it with that found in the Dicke model. In particular, by studying limiting cases and deriving dynamical critical exponents using the fidelity susceptibility method, we argue that the two models share very similar critical behaviour. For example, the obtained critical exponents indicate that they fall within the same universality class. Away from the critical regime we identify, however, some discrepancies between the two models. Our results are discussed in terms of experimentally relevant parameters and we evaluate the prospects for realizing Dicke-type physics in these systems.

  19. Dynamical complexity of the Brans-Dicke cosmology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hrycyna, Orest; Szyd?owski, Marek

    2013-12-01

    The dynamics of the Brans-Dicke theory with a quadratic scalar field potential function and barotropic matter is investigated. The dynamical system methods are used to reveal complexity of dynamical evolution in homogeneous and isotropic cosmological models. The structure of phase space crucially depends on the parameter of the theory ?BD as well as barotropic matter index wm. In our analysis these parameters are treated as bifurcation parameters. We found sets of values of these parameters which lead to generic evolutional scenarios. We show that in isotropic and homogeneous models in the Brans-Dicke theory with a quadratic potential function the de Sitter state appears naturally. Stability conditions of this state are fully investigated. It is shown that these models can explain accelerated expansion of the Universe without the assumption of the substantial form of dark matter and dark energy. The Poincare construction of compactified phase space with a circle at infinity is used to show that phase space trajectories in a physical region can be equipped with a structure of a vector field on nontrivial topological closed space. For ?BD < -3/2 we show new types of early and late time evolution leading from the anti-de Sitter to the de Sitter state through an asymmetric bounce. In the theory without a ghost we find bouncing solutions and the coexistence of the bounces and the singularity. Following the Peixoto theorem some conclusions about structural stability are drawn.

  20. Stationary axially symmetric solutions in Brans-Dicke theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kirezli, P?nar; Delice, zgr

    2015-11-01

    Stationary, axially symmetric Brans-Dicke-Maxwell solutions are reexamined in the framework of the Brans-Dicke (BD) theory. We see that, employing a particular parametrization of the standard axially symmetric metric simplifies the procedure of obtaining the Ernst equations for axially symmetric electrovacuum spacetimes for this theory. This analysis also permits us to construct a two parameter extension in both Jordan and Einstein frames of an old solution generating technique frequently used to construct axially symmetric solutions for BD theory from a seed solution of general relativity. As applications of this technique, several known and new solutions are constructed including a general axially symmetric BD-Maxwell solution of Plebanski-Demianski with vanishing cosmological constant, i.e., the Kinnersley solution and general magnetized Kerr-Newman-type solutions. Some physical properties and the circular motion of test particles for a particular subclass of Kinnersley solution, i.e., a Kerr-Newman-NUT-type solution for BD theory, are also investigated in some detail.

  1. Memory Drum Theory's C Movement: Revelations from Franklin Henry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischman, Mark G.; Christina, Robert W.; Anson, J. Greg

    2008-01-01

    Franklin Henry's "memory drum" theory of neuromotor reaction (Henry & Rogers, 1960) was one of the most influential studies of the response programming stage of information processing. The paper is the most-cited study ever published in the "Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport." However, few people know there is a noteworthy error in the

  2. Professor Henry, Mr. Faraday, and the Hunt for Electromagnetic Induction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moyer, Albert E.

    1997-04-01

    On different sides of the Atlantic but about the same time, Michael Faraday and Joseph Henry announced success in a quest that had preoccupied the scientific community for a decade: coaxing electricity from magnetism. "Mutual induction," what Faraday and Henry had identified in the early 1830s, would turn out to be not only a foundational concept in the physics of electricity and magnetism but also the principle behind the technology of electrical transformers and generators--two mainstays of industrialization. Although Faraday's breakthrough in London and Henry's in Albany might appear to be classic examples of "independent discovery," they were not. The two natural philosophers shared a similar orientation toward their research and, moreover, a distinctive laboratory instrument: Henry's new, powerful electromagnet. Thus, the story of Henry's and Faraday's search for induction illuminates not only the workings of Victorian science but also the crucial part that an instrument--the unadorned hardware--can play in scientific inquiry. Albert Moyer takes this story from his biography of Joseph Henry that Smithsonian Institution Press is about to publish in commemoration of the 200th anniversary of Henry's birth. The biography focuses on Henry's early and middle years, 1797-1847, from his emergence as America's foremost physical scientist to his election as the Smithsonian Institution's first director.

  3. 75 FR 21288 - Henry Gas Storage LLC; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-23

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Henry Gas Storage LLC; Notice of Application April 16, 2010. Take notice that on April 5, 2010, Henry Gas Storage LLC (HGS), 1010 Lamar, Suite 1720, Houston, Texas 77002, filed... section 7(c)(1)(B) of the Natural Gas Act (NGA), to perform specific temporary activity related to...

  4. The Rice University Press Initiative: An Interview with Charles Henry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trevitte, Chad; Henry, Charles

    2007-01-01

    In this interview Charles Henry, publisher of the Rice University Press (RUP), discusses RUP's rebirth as a fully digital university press. Henry addresses the circumstances that led to this decision, and he further outlines the RUP business model whereby the press will publish its own titles--both digitally and in print-on-demand--while

  5. Memory Drum Theory's C Movement: Revelations from Franklin Henry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischman, Mark G.; Christina, Robert W.; Anson, J. Greg

    2008-01-01

    Franklin Henry's "memory drum" theory of neuromotor reaction (Henry & Rogers, 1960) was one of the most influential studies of the response programming stage of information processing. The paper is the most-cited study ever published in the "Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport." However, few people know there is a noteworthy error in the…

  6. 77 FR 70159 - Knueppel, Henry W.; Notice of Filing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Knueppel, Henry W.; Notice of Filing Take notice that on November 15, 2012, Henry W. Knueppel submitted for filing, an application for authority to hold interlocking...

  7. West Harlem Walk (Hudson River Valley Greenway) beneath Henry Hudson ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    West Harlem Walk (Hudson River Valley Greenway) beneath Henry Hudson Parkway (HHP) Viaduct at West 155th Street vicinity, with Palisades, George Washington Bridge, and Little Red Lighthouse (visible to left of bridge tower) in background, looking northeast. - Henry Hudson Parkway, Extending 11.2 miles from West 72nd Street to Bronx-Westchester border, New York, New York County, NY

  8. Teaching Students about the Environment with Henry David Thoreau

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curriculum Review, 2008

    2008-01-01

    "Walden: The Ballad of Thoreau" is a two-act four-character play about the final two days writer Henry David Thoreau spent in his cabin before leaving Walden Pond. Teachers can use this play to teach about preserving the earth to students. This article presents a brief synopsis of the play and a brief biography of Henry David Thoreau.

  9. Lou Henry Hoover: The Independent Girl. A Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kurtz, Alice K.

    This curriculum guide provides ideas for teaching about Lou Henry Hoover, wife of President Herbert Hoover. The book examines personal data, as well as the social milieu of the times of the Hoover's. Teaching suggestions accompany the chapters. There are 12 chapters in the guide: (1) "Timeline, Biographical Sketch, and Photographs of Lou Henry

  10. Antitumor-promoting constituents from Dioscorea bulbifera L. in JB6 mouse epidermal cells.

    PubMed

    Gao, Huiyuan; Kuroyanagi, Masanori; Wu, Lijun; Kawahara, Nobuo; Yasuno, Takeaki; Nakamura, Yoshiyuki

    2002-09-01

    An antitumor-promoting effect was found in the extracts/ingredients of a plant used as a traditional medicine in mainland China, using the neoplastic transformation assay of mouse epidermal JB6 cell lines. The ethyl acetate soluble fraction of 75% ethanol extract of the rhizomes of Dioscorea bulbifera L. showed an inhibitory effect against the tumor promotion of JB6 (Cl 22 and Cl 41) cells induced by a promoter, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Further investigation on the constituents of the EtOAc fraction from the rhizomes revealed the chemical structure to be kaempferol-3,5-dimethyl ether (1), caryatin (2), (+)-catechin (3), myricetin (4), quercetin-3-O-galactopyranoside (5), myricetin-3-O-galactopyranoside (6), myricetin-3-O-glucopyranoside (7) and diosbulbin B (8). Constituent antitumor-promoting activities were also examined in the same way. Compounds 1-7, characterized as flavonoids with the two hydroxyl groups at C-7 and C-4', showed the most potent inhibitory effect, but there seemed to be differences in the inhibitory effect between flavonol aglycones and flavonol glycosides. Compared with (-)-epicatechin, (+)-catechin exhibited much stronger inhibitory activity which suggested that chemical stereo structures of compounds affect the efficiency of inhibition. Compound 8 showed moderate activity. The constituents with antitumor-promoting activity from this plant are reported for the first time. PMID:12230129

  11. Biodegradation of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, and o-, m-, and p-Xylenes by the Newly Isolated Bacterium Comamonas sp. JB.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Bei; Zhou, Zunchun; Dong, Ying; Tao, Wei; Wang, Bai; Jiang, Jingwei; Guan, Xiaoyan

    2015-07-01

    A bacterium designated strain JB, able to degrade six benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and o-, m-, and p-xylene (BTEX) compounds, was isolated from petroleum-contaminated soil. Taxonomic analyses showed that the isolate belonged to Comamonas, and until now, the genus Comamonas has not included any known BTEX degraders. The BTEX biodegradation rate was slightly low on the mineral salt medium (MSM), but adding a small amount of yeast extract greatly enhanced the biodegradation. The relationship between specific degradation rate and individual BTEX was described well by Michaelis-Menten kinetics. The treatment of petrochemical wastewater containing BTEX mixture and phenol was shown to be highly efficient by BTEX-grown JB. In addition, toxicity assessment indicated the treatment of the petrochemical wastewater by BTEX-grown JB led to less toxicity than untreated wastewater. PMID:26018344

  12. The Dicke model as the contraction limit of a pseudo-deformed Richardson-Gaudin model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Claeys, Pieter W.; De Baerdemacker, Stijn; Van Raemdonck, Mario; Van Neck, Dimitri

    2015-04-01

    The Dicke model is derived in the contraction limit of a pseudo-deformation of the quasispin algebra in the su(2)-based Richardson-Gaudin models. Likewise, the integrability of the Dicke model is established by constructing the full set of conserved charges, the form of the Bethe Ansatz state, and the associated Richardson-Gaudin equations. Thanks to the formulation in terms of the pseudo-deformation, the connection from the su(2)-based Richardson-Gaudin model towards the Dicke model can be performed adiabatically.

  13. Experimental quantum networking protocols via four-qubit hyperentangled Dicke states.

    PubMed

    Chiuri, A; Greganti, C; Paternostro, M; Vallone, G; Mataloni, P

    2012-10-26

    We report the experimental demonstration of two quantum networking protocols, namely quantum 1?3 telecloning and open-destination teleportation, implemented using a four-qubit register whose state is encoded in a high-quality two-photon hyperentangled Dicke state. The state resource is characterized using criteria based on multipartite entanglement witnesses. We explore the characteristic entanglement-sharing structure of a Dicke state by implementing high-fidelity projections of the four-qubit resource onto lower-dimensional states. Our work demonstrates for the first time the usefulness of Dicke states for quantum information processing. PMID:23215188

  14. Obituary: Henry Albers (1925-2009)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chromey, Fred

    2011-12-01

    Henry Albers, professor of astronomy at Vassar College for over thirty years, died March 29, 2009, in Fairhope, Alabama. For his work at Vassar, where he held the Maria Mitchell Chair, Albers received the first Maria Mitchell Women in Science Award for his inspiration of women astronomers. He said "In the final analysis it is the students who bring the joy into teaching." As a professional astronomer, Albers did observational work on Galactic structure in the southern Milky Way, and on the structure of the Magellanic Clouds. In retirement, Albers published Maria Mitchell - A Life in Journals and Letters, the firsthand account of America's first woman astronomer. Albers's research was on photographic near-infrared spectroscopy of red giant stars in the southern Milky Way, some proper motion studies, and on the structure of the Magellanic Clouds. A series of seven NSF grants supported his six trips to Chile to make spectroscopic observations, as well as his sabbatical collaborations at Minnesota, Leiden, and the Royal Observatory in Edinburgh. Henry Albers arrived at Vassar in 1958, to find an astronomy program that had been recently absorbed by the physics department, and that was suffering neglect after the retirement of Maud Makemson. For the next 31 years, with incredible energy -- he sometimes taught seven courses a year -- he built the astronomy program into one double in size (from one to two tenure lines), whose th century facilities have been replaced with a st century observatory. For a remarkable stretch of 20-some-years, Albers and physicist Bob Stearns, with considerable grace, alternated chairmanship of the joint department of physics and astronomy. Henry Albers was a devoted citizen of Vassar College and an enthusiastic participant in the process of faculty governance at that institution. He would have been the first to concede that his enthusiasm was sometimes excessive, and that his contributions at faculty meetings occasionally failed to move the discussion forward. Before more than one meeting, he was known to make a note to himself on his copy of the agenda, which read, in large block letters: "shut up." Fortunately, Albers was seldom able to repress his concern for the College or his dedication to its improvement. He served on all major committees and most minor ones as well. For example, he chaired a committee that eventually got telephones in faculty offices, another that lobbied for establishment of an academic computing center, and another that constructed Vassar's system of post-tenure review of senior faculty. It was Henry Albers who introduced the motion on the floor of the faculty, which passed by a vote of 100 to 2, moving that Vassar College accept coeducation. Albers was a caring mentor and although fundamentally compassionate, had a somewhat prankish sense of humor - unfailingly directed at the most pompous targets in sight. Although deeply dedicated to the College, Albers had an admirable ability to disengage from his life at Vassar. He regularly spent college breaks as the resident astronomer on cruise ships. Every May, he would celebrate his last class by sharing a jug of wine in the faculty commons with his regular lunchtime group. After retiring in 1989, he continued his hobbies of gardening, painting, and choral singing, but also immediately began work as a math and science volunteer in the local public schools on Cape Cod. He completed his final scholarly project, his edition of the Letters and Journals of Maria Mitchell, in 2002.

  15. Victor Henri: 111 years of his equation.

    PubMed

    Cornish-Bowden, Athel; Mazat, Jean-Pierre; Nicolas, Serge

    2014-12-01

    Victor Henri's great contribution to the understanding of enzyme kinetics and mechanism is not always given the credit that it deserves. In addition, his earlier work in experimental psychology is totally unknown to biochemists, and his later work in spectroscopy and photobiology almost equally so. Applying great rigour to his analysis he succeeded in obtaining a model of enzyme action that explained all of the observations available to him, and he showed why the considerable amount of work done in the preceding decade had not led to understanding. His view was that only physical chemistry could explain the behaviour of enzymes, and that models should be judged in accordance with their capacity not only to explain previously known facts but also to predict new observations against which they could be tested. The kinetic equation usually attributed to Michaelis and Menten was in reality due to him. His thesis of 1903 is now available in English. PMID:25252213

  16. The death of Henry II of France.

    PubMed

    Faria, M A

    1992-12-01

    On June 30, 1559, King Henry II of France (1519-1559), against the advice of his court ministers, participated in a fateful joust. The wooden lance of his younger opponent pierced the King's headgear, shattered into fragments, and penetrated his right orbit and temple. The King survived for 11 days following the mortal wound and was treated by two of the most distinguished physicians of the Renaissance: Ambroise Par (1510-1590), the master surgeon, and Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564), the great anatomist. The unfortunate event, the nature of the injury, and the medical consultation between these eminent physicians should all be of interest to neurosurgeons. The historical consequences of this event are briefly reviewed. PMID:1432144

  17. Henry Norris Russell and the Expanding Universe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    DeVorkin, D.

    2013-04-01

    Henry Norris Russell, one of the most influential American astronomers of the first half of the 20th Century, had a special place in his heart for the Lowell Observatory. Although privately critical of the founder for his pronouncements about life on Mars and the superiority of the Mars Hill observing site, he always supported the Observatory in public and professional circles. He staunchly supported Tombaugh's detection of a planet as leading from Lowell's prediction, and always promoted V. M. Slipher's spectroscopic investigations of planetary and stellar phenomena. But how did he react to Slipher's puzzling detection of the extreme radial velocities of spiral nebulae starting in 1912, and how did he regard the extension and interpretation of those observations by Hubble and others in following decades? Here we describe the arc of Russell's reactions, dating from Slipher's first detection, as an indicator of how mainstream stellar astronomers reacted to the concept of an expanding universe.

  18. Dynamics of Brans-Dicke cosmology with varying mass fermions

    SciTech Connect

    Liu Daojun

    2010-09-15

    In this paper, the cosmological dynamics of Brans-Dicke (BD) theory in which there are fermions with a coupling to BD scalar field as well as a self-interaction potential is investigated. The conditions that there exists a solution which is stable and represents a late-time accelerated expansion of the Universe are found. The variable mass of fermions cannot vanish exactly during the evolution of the Universe once it exists initially. It is shown that the late-time acceleration depends completely on the self-interaction of the fermion field if our investigation is restricted to the theory with positive BD parameter {omega}. Provided a negative {omega} is allowed, there will be another two classes of stable solutions describing the late-time accelerated expansion of the Universe.

  19. Phase transition in the periodically pulsed Dicke model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dasgupta, Sayak; Bhattacharya, Utso; Dutta, Amit

    2015-05-01

    We study the effect of pulsed driving and kicked driving of the interaction term on the nonequilibrium phase transition in the Dicke model. Within the framework of Floquet theory, we observe the emergence of new nontrivial phases on impingement by such periodic pulses. Notably, our study reveals that a greater control over the dynamical quantum criticality is possible through the variation of multiple parameters related to the pulse, as opposed to a single parameter control in a monochromatic drive. Furthermore, the probability of the system remaining trapped in a metastable state during the observed first order transition from the superradiant to normal phase is found to be higher for small number of kicks (or pulses) in comparison to the sinusoidal perturbation.

  20. Brans-Dicke Chameleonic Cosmology and Cosmic Evolution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharif, M.; Waheed, Saira

    2012-10-01

    We study the cosmic evolution in radiation and matter dominated epochs of the universe in chameleon Brans-Dicke (BD) as well as generalized chameleon BD cosmology. For this purpose, we consider Bianchi I universe model with matter contents as perfect fluid and the power law ansatz for scale factors, scalar field, interacting function f(?), chameleon potential V(?) and the BD parameter ?(?). Using constraints on the involved parameters, it is shown that only the decelerated expansion of the universe can be discussed for these eras which is consistent with the astronomical observations. The graphical behavior of these functions for large values of the BD parameter (as suggested by local gravity tests) are also given. Finally, we evaluate statefinders as well as cosmological distances for obtained models.

  1. Non-equilibrium Dynamics of an Optomechanical Dicke Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kamanasish, Debnath; Aranya, B. Bhattacherjee

    2015-07-01

    Motivated by the experimental realization of Dicke model in optical cavities, we model an optomechanical system consisting of two-level BEC atoms with transverse pumping. We investigate the transition from normal and inverted state to the superradiant phase through a detailed study of the phase portraits of the system. The rich phase portraits generated by analytical arguments display two types of superradiant phases, regions of coexistence and some portion determining the persistent oscillations. We study the time evolution of the system from any phase and discuss the role of mirror frequency in reaching their attractors. Further, we add an external mechanical pump to the mirror which is capable of changing the mirror frequency through radiation pressure and study the impact of the pump on the phase portraits and the dynamics of the system. We find the external mirror frequency changing the phase portraits and even shifting the critical transition point, thereby predicting a system with controllable phase transition.

  2. Wormholes and naked singularities in Brans-Dicke cosmology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tretyakova, D. A.; Latosh, B. N.; Alexeyev, S. O.

    2015-09-01

    We perform an analytical and numerical study of static spherically symmetric solutions in the context of the Brans-Dicke-like cosmological model by Elizalde et al (2004 Phys. Rev. D 70 043539) with an exponential potential. In this model the phantom regime arises without the appearance of any ghost degree of freedom due to the specific form of coupling. For certain parameter ranges the model contains a regular solution that we interpret as a wormhole in an otherwise de Sitter Universe. We put several bounds on the parameter values: ω \\lt 0,{α }2/| ω | \\lt {10}-5,22.7≲ {φ }0≲ 25. The numerical solution could mimic the Schwarzschild one, so the original model is consistent with astrophysical and cosmological observational data. However, differences between our solution and the Schwarzschild one can be quite large, so black hole candidate observations could probably place further limits on the {φ }0 value.

  3. Exact cosmological solutions in modified Brans–Dicke theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rasouli, S. M. M.; Vargas Moniz, Paulo

    2016-02-01

    In this paper, we obtain exact cosmological vacuum solutions for an extended FLRW homogeneous and isotropic Brans–Dicke (BD) universe in five dimensions for all values of the curvature index. Then, by employing the equations associated with a modified Brans–Dicke theory (MBDT) [1], we construct the physics on a four-dimensional hypersurface. We show that the induced matter obeys the equation of state of a fluid of barotropic type. We discuss the properties of such induced matter for some values of the equation of state parameter and analyze in detail their corresponding solutions. To illustrate the cosmological behaviors of the solutions, we contrast our solutions with those of the standard BD theory. We find that, in the MBDT scenario, it is impossible to find a physically acceptable solution associated with the negative curvature for both the dust-dominated and radiation-dominated universes. However, for spatially flat and closed universes, we argue that our obtained solutions are more general than those associated with the standard BD theory and, moreover, they contain a few classes of solutions which have no analog in the BD cosmology. For these particular cases, we further compare the results with those extracted in the context of the induced-matter theory (IMT) and general relativity (GR). Furthermore, we discuss in detail the time behaviors of the cosmological quantities and compare them with recent observational data. We find a favorable range for the deceleration parameter associated with a matter-dominated spatially flat universe (for the late times), which is compatible with recent corresponding observational results.

  4. A New Empirical Thermospheric Density Model JB2006 using New Solar Indices

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bowman, Bruce R.; Tobiska, W. Kent; Marcos, Frank A.

    2006-01-01

    A new empirical atmospheric density model is developed using the CIRA72 (Jacchia 71) model as the basis for the diffusion equations. New solar indices based on orbit based sensor data are used for the solar irradiances in the extreme and far ultraviolet wavelengths. New exospheric temperature and semiannual density equations are employed to represent the major thermospheric density variations. Temperature correction equations are also developed for diurnal and latitudinal effects, and finally density correction factors are used for model corrections required at high altitude (1500-4000 km). The new model, Jacchia-Bowman 2006, is validated through comparisons of accurate daily density drag data previously computed for numerous satellite. For 400 km altitude the standard deviation of 16% for the standard Jacchia model is reduced to 10% for the new JB2006 model for periods of low geomagnetic storm activity.

  5. Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor Regulates Persistent ERK Osciliations in Premaligant but not Malignant JB6 Cells

    SciTech Connect

    Weber, Thomas J.; Shankaran, Harish; Wiley, H. S.; Opresko, Lee K.; Chrisler, William B.; Quesenberry, Ryan D.

    2010-05-02

    basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF or FGF2) plays an important role in epidermal wound healing in vivo and is associated with a persistent increased in the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway in vitro. Here we have examined whether bFGF induces the closure of an experimental scratch wound in JB6 mouse epidermal cells and have explored the regulation of the ERK pathway by bFGF in the context of kinase oscillations. bFGF stimulation is associated with increases in cellular phospho-ERK and phospho-c-Jun levels. In addition, bFGF increases cell proliferation and a change in cell morphology (stellate appearance) in a dose-dependent fashion (0.1 – 100 ng/ml). bFGF treatment also promoted the closure of an experimental scratch wound in vitro. JB6 cells were stably transfected with an ERK1-GFP chimera to follow temporal ERK subcellular distribution patterns. We observe a persistent upregulation of the ERK pathway, as evidenced by a significant increase in nuclear ERK1-GFP levels at time points up to 24 hr after bFGF treatment. Interestingly, at the single cell level, ERK is observed to oscillate between nuclear and cytosolic compartments in response to bFGF treatment. Because this oscillatory behavior is asynchronous in the cell population, it is only clearly resolved at the single cell level. Collectively, data presented here are consistent with an important role for bFGF in wound healing and suggest a more complex regulation of the ERK pathway by bFGF than has previously been appreciated.

  6. Motional frequency shifts of trapped ions in the Lamb-Dicke regime

    SciTech Connect

    Lizuain, I.; Muga, J. G.; Eschner, J.

    2007-09-15

    First order Doppler effects are usually ignored in laser driven trapped ions when the recoil frequency is much smaller than the trapping frequency (Lamb-Dicke regime). This means that the central, carrier excitation band is supposed to be unaffected by vibronic transitions in which the vibrational number changes. While this is strictly true in the Lamb-Dicke limit (infinitely tight confinement), the vibronic transitions do play a role in the Lamb-Dicke regime. In this paper we quantify the asymptotic behavior of their effect with respect to the Lamb-Dicke parameter. In particular, we give analytical expressions for the frequency shift, 'pulling' or 'pushing', produced in the carrier absorption band by the vibronic transitions both for Rabi and Ramsey schemes. This shift is shown to be independent of the initial vibrational state.

  7. Brans-Dicke cosmology does not have the Λ CDM phase as a universal attractor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    García-Salcedo, Ricardo; González, Tame; Quiros, Israel

    2015-12-01

    In this paper we seek for relevant information on the asymptotic cosmological dynamics of the Brans-Dicke theory of gravity for several self-interaction potentials. By means of the simplest tools of the dynamical systems theory, it is shown that the general relativity de Sitter solution is an attractor of the Jordan frame (dilatonic) Brans-Dicke theory only for the exponential potential U (φ )∝exp φ , which corresponds to the quadratic potential V (ϕ )∝ϕ2 in terms of the original Brans-Dicke field ϕ =exp φ , or for potentials which approach to exp φ at the stable point. At the de Sitter attractor, as well as at the stiff-matter equilibrium configurations, the dilaton is necessarily massless. We find bounds on the Brans-Dicke coupling constant ωBD , which are consistent with well-known results.

  8. The Dicke Quantum Phase Transition in a Superfluid Gas Coupled to an Optical Cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guerlin, Christine; Baumann, Kristian; Brennecke, Ferdinand; Esslinger, Tilman

    2010-03-01

    A fundamental approach to collective matter-light interaction is given by the Dicke model which has been predicted to show an intriguing quantum phase transition. We have realized the Dicke quantum phase transition in an open system formed by a Bose-Einstein condensate coupled to an optical cavity, and observed the emergence of a self-organized supersolid phase [1]. The phase transition is driven by infinitely long-ranged interactions between the condensed atoms. We show that the phase transition is described by the Dicke Hamiltonian, including counter-rotating coupling terms, and that the supersolid phase is associated with a spontaneously broken spatial symmetry. The boundary of the phase transition is mapped out in quantitative agreement with the Dicke model. [4pt] [1] K. Baumann, C. Guerlin, F. Brennecke, T. Esslinger, arXiv 0912.2361, 2009

  9. Experimental violation of the local realism for four-qubit Dicke state.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Yuan-Yuan; Wu, Yu-Chun; Xiang, Guo-Yong; Li, Chuan-Feng; Guo, Guang-Can

    2015-11-16

    Dicke state is an widely used type of multi-particle entangled state in quantum information. However, very few works have been done on its nonlocality. Here we prepare a four-photon symmetric Dicke state, whose fidelity is as high as 0.904 0.004, and devise a simple Bell-type inequality to demonstrate that it violates the local realism with 12 standard deviation. PMID:26698527

  10. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey September, 1936 SOUTH AND WEST FRONT. HOUSE #2 - Guadalupe Rancho Adobes, Adobe No. 2, 120 Third Avenue, Guadalupe, Santa Barbara County, CA

  11. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey, September, 1936 HALL ENTRANCE ON EAST FRONT. HOUSE #1 - Guadalupe Rancho Adobes, Adobe No. 1, 114 Third Avenue, Guadalupe, Santa Barbara County, CA

  12. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey, September 1936 SOUTH AND EAST FRONT. HOUSE #2 - Guadalupe Rancho Adobes, Adobe No. 2, 120 Third Avenue, Guadalupe, Santa Barbara County, CA

  13. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey September, 1936 STREET FRONT, SOUTH HOUSE #1 - Guadalupe Rancho Adobes, Adobe No. 1, 114 Third Avenue, Guadalupe, Santa Barbara County, CA

  14. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey, September, 1936 HALL ENTRANCE, SOUTH FRONT HOUSE #2 - Guadalupe Rancho Adobes, Adobe No. 2, 120 Third Avenue, Guadalupe, Santa Barbara County, CA

  15. James McHenry, MD: physician, patriot, politician and poet.

    PubMed

    Spiegel, Allen D; Kavaler, Florence

    2003-08-01

    James McHenry emigrated from Ireland to the American colonies in 1771. He studied medicine with Dr. Benjamin Rush in Philadelphia and immediately volunteered as an Army surgeon when the Revolutionary War began. After serving in the medical department in Massachusetts, New York and at Valley Forge in Pennsylvania, he became an aide to General George Washington and subsequently an aide to the Marquis de Lafayette. President Washington appointed McHenry Secretary of War and he continued in that post under president John Adams. While Secretary, he revised military regulations, established a professional standing Army, pacified the Indians, enlarged the naval forces, organized the armed forces under civilian authority and initiated plans for a military academy. Baltimore's Fort Whetstone was renamed Fort McHenry in his honor. During the War of 1812, Fort McHenry gained fame as the birthplace of the national anthem of the United States. PMID:12856797

  16. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey March 1936 VIEW OF FOUNTAIN IN MISSION PARK, MISSION PROPERTY AT ONE TIME. - Mission San Fernando Rey de Espana, Fountains, Mission Boulevard, San Fernando, Los Angeles County, CA

  17. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey June 1937 WEST ELEVATION FROM NORTH END. - Casa del Rancho Aguaja de la Centinela, 7634 Midfield Road, Inglewood, Los Angeles County, CA

  18. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey November 1936 WEST ELEVATION FROM NORTH END. - Casa del Rancho Aguaja de la Centinela, 7634 Midfield Road, Inglewood, Los Angeles County, CA

  19. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey March 1936 VIEW OF SOUTH AND WEST SIDE FROM STREET. - Casa Adobe de San Rafael, 1340 Dorothy Drive, Glendale, Los Angeles County, CA

  20. 1. Henry Beardsley standing in front of his store in ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Henry Beardsley standing in front of his store in Ohio. Photographer unknown, 1887. Source: William M. Beardsley - Waddell Dam, On Agua Fria River, 35 miles northwest of Phoenix, Phoenix, Maricopa County, AZ

  1. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey April 1937 RUINS OF SMITHY AND SOAP FACTORY (LOOKING SOUTH) - Mission San Gabriel Arcangel, Industrial Shop (Ruins), West Mission Drive & Junipero Serra Street, San Gabriel, Los Angeles County, CA

  2. 7. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey April 1937 RUINS OF SOAP FACTORY (S. W. Side) - Mission San Gabriel Arcangel, Industrial Shop (Ruins), West Mission Drive & Junipero Serra Street, San Gabriel, Los Angeles County, CA

  3. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey April 1937 RUINS OF FOUNTAIN, SMITHY AND SOAP FACTORY (LOOKING EAST) - Mission San Gabriel Arcangel, Industrial Shop (Ruins), West Mission Drive & Junipero Serra Street, San Gabriel, Los Angeles County, CA

  4. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey April 1937 RUINS OF SOAP FACTORY FROM EAST CORNER. - Mission San Gabriel Arcangel, Industrial Shop (Ruins), West Mission Drive & Junipero Serra Street, San Gabriel, Los Angeles County, CA

  5. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey April 1937 SOUTHWEST FRONT OF CHURCH (SOUTHEAST END) - Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, 428 South Mission Drive, San Gabriel, Los Angeles County, CA

  6. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey April 1937 ENTRANCE DETAIL (S. W. FRONT) - Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, 428 South Mission Drive, San Gabriel, Los Angeles County, CA

  7. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey April 1937 SOUTHEAST CORNER OF CHURCH - Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, 428 South Mission Drive, San Gabriel, Los Angeles County, CA

  8. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey April 1937 SOUTHWEST FRONT OF CHURCH (FROM WEST END) - Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, 428 South Mission Drive, San Gabriel, Los Angeles County, CA

  9. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey April 1937 SOUTHWEST FRONT OF PADRES QUARTERS AND CHURCH - Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, 428 South Mission Drive, San Gabriel, Los Angeles County, CA

  10. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey April 1937 SOUTHWEST FRONT OF PADRES QUARTERS AND CHURCH BELFRY. - Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, 428 South Mission Drive, San Gabriel, Los Angeles County, CA

  11. 17. Photocopy of Photograph (Original held by Henry Ford Archives, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. Photocopy of Photograph (Original held by Henry Ford Archives, Dearborn, Michigan, Detroit Edison Negative No. 2976, 8 March 1915) NORTH SIDE AND EAST FRONT, FROM HART, LOOKING SOUTH - Detroit Edison Hart Substation, 11736 East Vernor, Detroit, Wayne County, MI

  12. 18. Photocopy of Photograph (Original held by Henry Ford Archives, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. Photocopy of Photograph (Original held by Henry Ford Archives, Dearborn, Michigan, Detroit Edison Negative No. 3545, 5 October 1915) INTERIOR VIEW, MACHINE ROOM, LOOKING SOUTH - Detroit Edison Hart Substation, 11736 East Vernor, Detroit, Wayne County, MI

  13. 9. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey April 1937 RUINS OF TANNERY (FROM WEST CORNER) - Mission San Gabriel Arcangel, Industrial Shop (Ruins), West Mission Drive & Junipero Serra Street, San Gabriel, Los Angeles County, CA

  14. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey September 1936 VIEW OF TANNERY FOUNDATION TOWARDS WEST - Mission Santa Inez, Tannery, State Highway 150, Solvang, Santa Barbara County, CA

  15. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey September 1936 VIEW OF TANNERY FOUNDATION TOWARDS EAST. - Mission Santa Inez, Tannery, State Highway 150, Solvang, Santa Barbara County, CA

  16. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey, Henry Pleasants, History of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey, Henry Pleasants, History of the Old Eagle School, John C. Winston Co., 1909 PHOTOCOPY. - Eagle School, Old Eagle School Road (State Route 543) (Tredyffrin Township), Strafford, Chester County, PA

  17. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey, Henry Pleasants, History of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey, Henry Pleasants, History of the Old Eagle School, John C. Winston Co., 1909 PHOTOCOPY. - Eagle School, Old Eagle School Road (State Route 543) (Tredyffrin Township), Strafford, Chester County, PA

  18. HENRY STREET SCHOOL, 1300 BLOCK BULL STREET, DETAIL OF NORTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    HENRY STREET SCHOOL, 1300 BLOCK BULL STREET, DETAIL OF NORTH ELEVATION - Savannah Victorian Historic District, Bounded by Gwinnett, East Broad, West Broad Street & Anderson Lane, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

  19. 23. Henry Whitehead place in Cades Cove looking ESE. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. Henry Whitehead place in Cades Cove looking ESE. - Great Smoky Mountains National Park Roads & Bridges, Cades Cove Road & Laurel Creek Road, From Townsend Wye to Cades Cove, Gatlinburg, Sevier County, TN

  20. A paracrine signal mediates the cell transformation response to low dose gamma radiation in JB6 cells

    SciTech Connect

    Weber, Thomas J.; Siegel, Robert W.; Markillie, Lye Meng; Chrisler, William B.; Lei, Xingye C.; Colburn, Nancy H.

    2005-05-01

    Radiation at low doses (? 50 cGy) can enhance or reduce tumor incidence in the mouse skin multistage model of carcinogenesis, depending on the timing of radiation exposure relative to chemical initiator. Here we have used JB6 mouse epidermal cells, an in vitro model of late stage tumor promotion, to evaluate the effects of low dose gamma radiation on cell transformation response. JB6 cells were isolated from the DNA-dependent Protein Kinase (DNA-PK) deficient Balb/c mouse that exhibits an unusually sensitive mammary tumor response to ionizing radiation. Exposure of JB6 cells to low dose (2-20 cGy) gamma radiation increased cell transformation response in a dose- and cell density-dependent fashion. JB6 cells were transfected with a membrane targeted enhanced yellow fluorescent protein (EYFP-membrane) and used as bystander cells in a co-culture model. Co-culture of 10 cGy irradiated JB6 cells with na?ve EYFP-membrane cells resulted in a significant increase in EYFP-expressing colonies, relative to co-cultures of sham exposed P+ cells/na?ve EYFP-membrane cells. In contrast, low dose gamma radiation (20 cGy) reduced tumor promoter (epidermal growth factor; 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate)-induced transformation response and cell survival in a clonogenic assay to a comparable extent (40%). Our results demonstrate different selective pressures depending on whether low dose radiation modulated the cell transformation response of irradiated or bystander cells, or whether irradiation occurred in conjunction with tumor promoter treatment. The co-culture system developed here is a promising model to define positive and negative selective pressures induced by low dose radiation in a DNA damage repair deficient context that are relevant to carcinogenesis responses.

  1. James Paget Henry--a retrospective.

    PubMed

    Meehan, J P; Meehan, W P

    1997-01-01

    James Paget Henry really began his productive research career at the outset of the second world war. His studies of acceleration and the anoxia of high altitude were supported by the development of then new techniques of measuring and recording critical physiologic parameters such as vascular pressures, respiratory functions and haemoglobin saturation. His inquisitive mind made productive use of the instruments that had to be made by skilled instrument makers working in university shops. Much of this instrumentation has now found its way into the clinical arena where it is now the main armamentarium of cardiac diagnostic and respiratory function laboratories. His work in the space program preceeded that of the Russians but did not get recognition until Sputnik awakened the world to the possibilities of space flight. His development of the concept of a cardiovascular basis for fluid volume control and the supportive investigative work undertaken constitute a milestone in the annals of experimental physiology. The chimpanzees used in Project Mercury were found to be hypertensive which was related to the method of capture used by the commercial suppliers. This lead Jim to study the effect of early experience on resting blood pressure, an effort that soon developed into provocative studies of the biological basis of the stress response. PMID:9401600

  2. The spin-Dicke effect in OLED magnetoresistance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Waters, D. P.; Joshi, G.; Kavand, M.; Limes, M. E.; Malissa, H.; Burn, P. L.; Lupton, J. M.; Boehme, C.

    2015-11-01

    Pairs of charge-carrier spins in organic semiconductors constitute four-level systems that can be driven electromagnetically. Given appropriate conditions for ultrastrong coupling--weak local hyperfine fields Bhyp, large magnetic resonant driving fields B1 and low static fields B0 that define Zeeman splitting--the spin-Dicke effect, a collective transition of spin states, has been predicted. This parameter range is challenging to probe by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy because thermal magnetic polarization is negligible. It is accessed through spin-dependent conductivity that is controlled by electron-hole pairs of singlet and triplet spin-permutation symmetry without the need of thermal spin polarization. Signatures of collective behaviour of carrier spins are revealed in the steady-state magnetoresistance of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), rather than through radiative transitions. For intermediate B1, the a.c.-Zeeman effect appears. For large B1, a collective spin-ensemble state arises, inverting the current change under resonance and removing power broadening, thereby offering a unique window to ambient macroscopic quantum coherence.

  3. Variational treatment of entanglement in the Dicke model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bakemeier, L.; Alvermann, A.; Fehske, H.

    2015-10-01

    We introduce a variational ansatz for the Dicke model that extends mean-field theory through the inclusion of spin-oscillator correlations. The correlated variational state is obtained from the mean-field product state via a unitary transformation. The ansatz becomes correct in the limit of large oscillator frequency and in the limit of a large spin, for which it captures the leading quantum corrections to the classical limit exactly including the spin-oscillator entanglement entropy. We explain the origin of the unitary transformation before we show that the ansatz improves substantially upon mean-field theory, giving near exact results for the ground state energy and very good results for other observables. We then discuss why the ansatz still encounters problems in the transition regime at moderate spin lengths, where it fails to capture the precursors of the superradiant quantum phase transition faithfully. This observation illustrates the principal limits of semi-classical formulations, even after they are extended with correlations and entanglement.

  4. Purification and characterization of the extracellular alpha-amylase from Streptococcus bovis JB1.

    PubMed

    Freer, S N

    1993-05-01

    The extracellular alpha-amylase (1,4-alpha-D-glucanglucanohydrolase; EC 3.2.1.1) from maltose-grown Streptococcus bovis JB1 was purified to apparent homogeneity by ion-exchange chromatography (Mono Q). The enzyme had an isoelectric point of 4.50 and an apparent molecular mass of 77,000 Da, as estimated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The enzyme was rich in acidic and hydrophobic amino acids. The 15-amino-acid NH2-terminal sequence was 40% homologous with the Bacillus subtilis saccharifying alpha-amylase and 27% homologous with the Clostridium acetobutylicum alpha-amylase. alpha-Amylase activity on soluble starch was optimal at pH 5.0 to 6.0. The enzyme was relatively stable between pH 5.5 and 8.5 and at temperatures below 50 degrees C. When soluble potato starch was used as the substrate, the enzyme had a Km of 0.88 mg.ml-1 and a kcat of 2,510 mumol of reducing sugar.min-1.mg of protein-1. The enzyme exhibited neither pullulanase nor dextranase activity and was 40 to 70% as active on amylopectin as on amylose. The major end products of amylose hydrolysis were maltose, maltotriose, and maltotetraose. PMID:8517735

  5. Isolation of Strain MLTeJB From Mono Lake, California, a Dissimilatory Tellurite Respiring Prokaryote.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baesman, S. M.; Oremland, R. S.

    2007-12-01

    Previous investigations on the dissimilatory reduction of Te-oxyanions have been constrained by the inhibtory effects of circa 1.0 mM concentrations of either Te(IV) or Te(VI) upon growth of established cultures. Therefore we initiated new enrichments using anoxic Mono Lake mud supplemented with 10 mM Te(IV) as the electron acceptor and lactate as the electron donor. Sediments turned black with time owing to the formation of Te(0), microscopic examination of which confirmed the presence of both shards, rosettes, and nanospheres of Te(0). The enrichment was subcultured several times in liquid medium and then streaked onto solid medium and incubated in an anaerobic chamber. Isolated black colonies were re-streaked several times, and thence inoculated into liquid medium. However, growth in liquid medium required the presence of a small amount of solid phase, which included a plug of either agar, phytagel, or glass beads. Growth resulted in oxidation of lactate to acetate, formate and CO2 with the reduction of Te(IV) to Te(0). The isolate, strain MLTeJB was a non-motile rod that stained Gram positive, and formed copious exogenous deposits of Te(0) nano-shards and rosettes. Further details on the physiology of this organism will be presented.

  6. Calmodulin Involvement in Stress-Activated Nuclear Localization of Albumin in JB6 Epithelial Cells.

    SciTech Connect

    Weber, Thomas J.; Negash, Sewite; Smallwood, Heather S.; Ramos, Kenneth S.; Thrall, Brian D.; Squier, Thomas C.

    2004-06-15

    We report that in response to oxidative stress, albumin is translocated to the nucleus where it binds in concert with known transcription factors to an antioxidant response element (ARE), which controls the expression of glutathione-S-transferase and other antioxidant enzymes, functioning to mediate adaptive cellular responses. To investigate the mechanisms underlying this adaptive cell response, we have identified linkages between calcium signaling and the nuclear translocation of albumin in JB6 epithelial cells. Under resting conditions, albumin and the calcium regulatory protein, calmodulin (CaM), co-immunoprecipitate using antibodies against either protein, indicating a tight association. Calcium activation of CaM disrupts the association between CaM and albumin, suggesting that transient increases in cytosolic calcium levels function to mobilize intracellular albumin to facilitate its translocation into the nucleus. Likewise, nuclear translocation of albumin is induced by exposure of cells to hydrogen peroxide or a phorbol ester, indicating a functional linkage between reactive oxygen species, calcium, and PKC-signaling pathways. Inclusion of an antioxidant enzyme (i.e., superoxide dismutase) blocks nuclear translocation, suggesting that the oxidation of sensitive proteins functions to coordinate the adaptive cellular response. These results suggest that elevated calcium transients, and associated increases in reactive oxygen species, contribute to adaptive cellular responses through the mobilization and nuclear translocation of cellular albumin to mediate the transcriptional regulation of antioxidant responsive elements.

  7. Stress-induced generation of N-acylethanolamines in mouse epidermal JB6 P+ cells.

    PubMed Central

    Berdyshev, E V; Schmid, P C; Dong, Z; Schmid, H H

    2000-01-01

    It has long been known that N-acylethanolamine phospholipids [N-acylphosphatidylethanolamine (N-acyl PE)] and N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) accumulate in mammalian tissues undergoing degenerative membrane changes associated with necrosis. Here we studied the effects of stress factors (UVB irradiation and serum deprivation) on the endogenous levels of N-acyl PE and NAE in mouse epidermal JB6 P(+) cells. We found that 16:0, 18:0, 18:1,n-9 and 18:1,n-7 are the predominant amide-linked fatty acids in both N-acyl PE and NAE in these cells. UVB irradiation and serum deprivation resulted in significantly increased levels of N-acyl PE and NAE, especially 18:1, n-9 N-acyl PE and NAE. UVB challenge increased the cellular content of anandamide (20:4,n-6 NAE), but this increase was the lowest of all NAEs measured. Serum deprivation resulted in a decreased cellular anandamide level, as well as a decrease in 20:4,n-6 N-acyl PE. Interestingly, the replacement of serum-free medium with medium containing 5% (v/v) fetal calf serum after 36 h of serum deprivation restored N-acyl PE and NAE levels almost completely within 4-8 h. These data suggest the involvement of N-acyl PE and NAE in cellular responses to stress. PMID:10677355

  8. Applicability of Henry's Law to helium solubility in olivine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jackson, C.; Parman, S. W.; Kelley, S. P.; Cooper, R. F.

    2013-12-01

    Applicability of Henry's Law to helium solubility in olivine We have experimentally determined helium solubility in San Carlos olivine across a range of helium partial pressures (PHe) with the goal of quantifying how noble gases behave during partial melting of peridotite. Helium solubility in olivine correlates linearly with PHe between 55 and 1680 bar. This linear relationship suggests Henry's Law is applicable to helium dissolution into olivine up to 1680 bar PHe, providing a basis for extrapolation of solubility relationships determined at high PHe to natural systems. This is the first demonstration of Henry's Law for helium dissolution into olivine. Averaging all the data of the PHe series yields a Henry's coefficient of 3.8(×3.1)×10-12 mol g-1 bar-1. However, the population of Henry's coefficients shows a positive skew (skewness = 1.17), i.e. the data are skewed to higher values. This skew is reflected in the large standard deviation of the population of Henry's coefficients. Averaging the median values from each experiment yields a lower Henry's coefficient and standard deviation: 3.2(× 2.3)×10-12 mol g-1 bar-1. Combining the presently determined helium Henry's coefficient for olivine with previous determinations of helium Henry's coefficients for basaltic melts (e.g. 1) yields a partition coefficient of ~10-4. This value is similar to previous determinations obtained at higher PHe (2). The applicability of Henry's Law here suggests helium is incorporated onto relatively abundant sites within olivine that are not saturated by 1680 bar PHe or ~5×10-9 mol g-1. Large radius vacancies, i.e. oxygen vacancies, are energetically favorable sites for noble gas dissolution (3). However, oxygen vacancies are not abundant enough in San Carlos olivine to account for this solubility (e.g. 4), suggesting the 3x10-12 mol g-1 bar-1 Henry's coefficient is associated with interstitial dissolution of helium. Helium was dissolved into olivine using an externally heated pressure vessel (Brown University). The starting materials were prepared by cutting gem-quality San Carlos olivine (~Fo90) into small blocks (~4×2×1 mm) using a diamond wafering blade saw and polishing with alumina slurries and colloidal silica. Analysis was completed by laser ablation-mass spectrometry using a 193 nm excimer laser and a MAP 215-50 specifically tuned for He (Open University, UK). Laser ablation pit depth varied from 2 to 40 μm, and no correlation between pit depth and [He] is observed after accounting for variations PHe across the different experiments. This lack of correlation indicates a close approach to equilibrium was achieved over the experimental durations. Two analyses yielded spuriously high [He] (>3 std. dev. from the population mean, n = 85), and these analyses were not used to calculate Henry's coefficients. The two spuriously high analyses, in combination with the right skew of Henry's coefficients calculated from individual data points, suggests gem-quality San Carlos olivine contains volumes with anomalously high helium solubility. The nature of these volumes is currently under investigation. However, despite their presence, helium is still highly incompatible in olivine during partial melting. [1] Lux GCA 1987 [2] Heber et al. GCA 2007 [3] Shcheka & Keppler Nature 2012 [4] Walker et al. PEPI 2009

  9. p38 Mitogen-activated protein kinase regulation of JB6 Cl41 cell transformation promoted by epidermal growth factor.

    PubMed

    He, Zhiwei; Cho, Yong-Yeon; Liu, Guangming; Ma, Wei-Ya; Bode, Ann M; Dong, Zigang

    2003-07-18

    The relationship between cell transformation and p38 MAP kinase, a major mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway converting signals of various extracellular stimuli into expression of specific target genes through activation of transcription factors, still remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the p38 MAP kinase pathway in epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced cell transformation in JB6 cells. Our data show that a dominant negative mutant of p38 MAP (DN-p38) kinase inhibits EGF-promoted JB6 Cl41 cell transformation and that SB202190, an inhibitor of p38 MAP kinase, also inhibits JB6 Cl41 cell transformation in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, our results show that DN-p38 MAP kinase inhibits the phosphorylation of EGF-stimulated activating transcription factor-2 (ATF-2) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1). Additionally, DN-p38 MAP kinase inhibits EGF-induced phosphorylation of c-Myc (Thr58/Ser62). Gel shift assays indicate that DN-p38 MAP kinase inhibits EGF-induced activator protein-1 (AP-1) DNA binding in a dose-dependent manner. These results show that p38 MAP kinase plays a key role in the regulation of EGF-induced cell transformation in JB6 cells through regulation of phosphorylation of p38 MAP kinase and activation of its target genes in phosphorylation, c-Myc cell transformation-related genes, and AP-1 binding ability. PMID:12748197

  10. Bioremediation of Petrochemical Wastewater Containing BTEX Compounds by a New Immobilized Bacterium Comamonas sp. JB in Magnetic Gellan Gum.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Bei; Zhou, Zunchun; Dong, Ying; Wang, Bai; Jiang, Jingwei; Guan, Xiaoyan; Gao, Shan; Yang, Aifu; Chen, Zhong; Sun, Hongjuan

    2015-05-01

    In this study, we investigated the bioremediation of petrochemical wastewater containing BTEX compounds by immobilized Comamonas sp. JB cells. Three kinds of magnetic nanoparticles were evaluated as immobilization supports for strain JB. After comparison with Fe3O4 and a-Fe2O3 nanoparticles, r-Fe2O3 nanoparticle was selected as the optimal immobilization support. The highest biodegradation activity of r-Fe2O3-magnetically immobilized cells was obtained when the concentration of r-Fe2O3 nanoparticle was 120 mg L(-1). Additionally, the recycling experiments demonstrated that the degradation activity of r-Fe2O3-magnetically immobilized cells was still high and led to less toxicity than untreated wastewater during the eight recycles. qPCR suggested the concentration of strain JB in r-Fe2O3-magnetically immobilized cells was evidently increased after eight cycles of degradation experiments. These results supported developing efficient biocatalysts using r-Fe2O3-magnetically immobilized cells and provided a promising technique for improving biocatalysts used in the bioremediation of not only petrochemical wastewater but also other hazardous wastewater. PMID:25837023

  11. Modified Brans-Dicke gravitational theory with nonzero divergence of the energy-momentum tensor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smalley, L. L.

    1974-01-01

    The Brans-Dicke theory of gravitation is modified by assuming that the divergence of the energy-momentum tensor is proportional to the covariant derivative of the scalar curvature. No ad hoc additions to the usual Brans-Dicke field equations are required as in Rastall's modification of the Einstein theory or as in the steady-state theories, of which this is a natural possibility. Three parameters emerge from the theory - namely, the unnormalized gravitational constant, the usual Brans-Dicke parameter, and the proportionality constant. In the post-Newtonian approximation, these parameters can be fixed by experiment. However, there exists a certain choice of the parameters for which the theory reduces to an Einstein theory with constant scalar curvature.

  12. Modified Brans-Dicke theory with space-time anisotropic parameters

    SciTech Connect

    Moon, Taeyoon; Oh, Phillial E-mail: ploh@skku.edu

    2014-03-01

    We consider the ADM formalism of the Brans-Dicke theory and propose a space-time anisotropic extension of the theory by introducing five free parameters. We find that the resulting theory reveals many interesting aspects which are not present in the original BD theory. We first discuss the ghost instability and strong coupling problems which are present in the gravity theory without the full diffeomorphism symmetry and show that they can be avoided in a region of the parameter space. We also perform the post-Newtonian approximation and show that the constraint of the Brans-Dicke parameter ω{sub BD} being large to be consistent with the solar system observations could be evaded in the extended theory. We also discuss that accelerating Universe can be achieved without the need of the potential for the Brans-Dicke scalar.

  13. Deterministic preparation of Dicke states of donor nuclear spins in silicon by cooperative pumping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luo, Yu; Yu, Hongyi; Yao, Wang

    2012-04-01

    For donor nuclear spins in silicon, we show how to deterministically prepare various symmetric and asymmetric Dicke states which span a complete basis of the many-body Hilbert space. The state preparation is realized by cooperative pumping of nuclear spins by coupled donor electrons, and the required controls are in situ to the prototype Kane proposal for quantum computation. This scheme only requires a subgigahertz donor exchange coupling, which can be readily achieved without atomically precise donor placement, and hence it offers a practical way to prepare multipartite entanglement of spins in silicon with current technology. All desired Dicke states appear as the steady state under various pumping scenarios, and therefore the preparation is robust and does not require accurate temporal controls. Numerical simulations with realistic parameters show that Dicke states of 10-20 qubits can be prepared with high fidelity in the presence of decoherence and unwanted dynamics.

  14. Exact solvability, non-integrability, and genuine multipartite entanglement dynamics of the Dicke model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Shu; Duan, Liwei; Chen, Qing-Hu

    2015-04-01

    In this paper, the finite-size Dicke model of arbitrary number of qubits is solved analytically in a unified way within extended coherent states. For the N=2k or 2k-1 Dicke models (k is an integer), the G-function, which is only an energy dependent k× k determinant, is derived in a transparent manner. The regular spectrum is completely and uniquely given by stable zeros of the G-function. The closed-form exceptional eigenvalues are also derived. The level distribution controlled by the pole structure of the G-functions suggests non-integrability for N\\gt 1 model at any finite coupling in the sense of recent criteria found in the literature. A preliminary application to the exact dynamics of genuine multipartite entanglement in the finite-N Dicke model is presented using the obtained exact solutions.

  15. 4. PHOTOGRAPHIC PORTRAIT OF HENRY OSSAWA TANNER Photocopy of pre1930 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. PHOTOGRAPHIC PORTRAIT OF HENRY OSSAWA TANNER Photocopy of pre-1930 photograph, courtesy of Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C. - Henry O. Tanner House, 2908 West Diamond Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  16. {gamma} parameter and Solar System constraint in chameleon-Brans-Dicke theory

    SciTech Connect

    Saaidi, Kh.; Mohammadi, A.; Sheikhahmadi, H.

    2011-05-15

    The post Newtonian parameter is considered in the chameleon-Brans-Dicke model. In the first step, the general form of this parameter and also effective gravitational constant is obtained. An arbitrary function for f({Phi}), which indicates the coupling between matter and scalar field, is introduced to investigate validity of solar system constraint. It is shown that the chameleon-Brans-Dicke model can satisfy the solar system constraint and gives us an {omega} parameter of order 10{sup 4}, which is in comparable to the constraint which has been indicated in [19].

  17. Henry Giroux on Democracy Unsettled: From Critical Pedagogy to the War on Youth--An Interview

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Michael A.

    2012-01-01

    This interview conducted with Henry Giroux begins by probing Henry's childhood, upbringing and undergraduate years to discover where his sense of social justice took hold. It also questions Henry about his working-class background and the major influences on his thought, including his relationships with Paulo Freire and Howard Zinn. The interview

  18. Henry Giroux on Democracy Unsettled: From Critical Pedagogy to the War on Youth--An Interview

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Michael A.

    2012-01-01

    This interview conducted with Henry Giroux begins by probing Henry's childhood, upbringing and undergraduate years to discover where his sense of social justice took hold. It also questions Henry about his working-class background and the major influences on his thought, including his relationships with Paulo Freire and Howard Zinn. The interview…

  19. Dinuclear zinc-catalyzed enantioselective Aza-Henry reaction.

    PubMed

    Trost, Barry M; Lupton, David W

    2007-05-10

    The dinuclear zinc catalyst 1a was found to catalyze the addition of nitroalkanes to carbamate-protected imines. This aza-Henry reaction proceeds with high enantioselectivity when various carbamate-protected imines are used. alpha,beta-Unsaturated imines proved to be a particularly useful class of substrate routinely giving the alpha-nitro amine products in high enantiomeric excess. PMID:17439228

  20. Thomas Henry Huxley's developmental view of the cell.

    PubMed

    Richmond, Marsha L

    2002-01-01

    In 1853, the British physiologist Thomas Henry Huxley roundly criticized German cell theory. Historians have had difficulty explaining how such a 'progressive' biologist could have rejected cellular autonomy and the central role of the nucleus in cell life. The key to Huxley's thinking is provided by understanding his 'epigenetic' philosophy of biology. PMID:11823799

  1. Challenging Texts: Teaching Deliberately--Reading Henry David Thoreau's "Walden"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Andrea

    2011-01-01

    One of the more difficult 19th-century American texts for high school students to read is undoubtedly Henry David Thoreau's "Walden." His erudite allusions, often page-long sentences, and sophisticated sense of the ironic initially leave many students cold. Still, the author encourages them to read amid the din of a cultural cacophony that shouts…

  2. Driving into the Heart of Henry Giroux's Pedagogy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhodes, Keith

    1996-01-01

    Muses on the power and intelligence of Henry Giroux as a composition theorist and pedagogue. Recounts Giroux's presentation at the 1993 Penn State Conference on Rhetoric and Composition and his categorizing of the "power dynamics" present at most institutions. Opts for "expressivist" pedagogy. (PA)

  3. America's Earliest Revolutionary Voice: Po-Pay--Not Patrick Henry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owen, Gordon R.

    A full century before Patrick Henry's persuasive battle for the rights of oppressed people, a San Juan Pueblo Indian medicine man known only as Po-Pay was the masterful communicator and agitator who orchestrated the first American revolution to drive the Spanish back into Mexico. Seeking mineral wealth, cheap labor, and the maximum number of

  4. 15. Photocopy of map, drawn by Henry Hagey, circa 1900 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Photocopy of map, drawn by Henry Hagey, circa 1900 (from Willing Inhabitants, original in possession of author, Joyce Munro). FRANCONIA TOWNSHIP MAP. BRIDGE LOCATION IN BOTTOM CENTER - Allentown Road Bridge, Spanning Skippack Creek on Allentown Road, Franconia, Montgomery County, PA

  5. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey April 1937 RUINS OF SOAP FACTORY & SMITHY (FROM S. E. END OF SOAP FACTORY) - Mission San Gabriel Arcangel, Industrial Shop (Ruins), West Mission Drive & Junipero Serra Street, San Gabriel, Los Angeles County, CA

  6. 7. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey, MaY 1937 SHOP RUINS (DETAIL OF SOAP OVEN) - Mission San Juan Capistrano, Industrial Shops, Olive Street, between U.S. Highway 101 & Main Street, San Juan Capistrano, Orange County, CA

  7. Challenging Texts: Teaching Deliberately--Reading Henry David Thoreau's "Walden"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Andrea

    2011-01-01

    One of the more difficult 19th-century American texts for high school students to read is undoubtedly Henry David Thoreau's "Walden." His erudite allusions, often page-long sentences, and sophisticated sense of the ironic initially leave many students cold. Still, the author encourages them to read amid the din of a cultural cacophony that shouts

  8. The Transformative Intellectual: An Examination of Henry Giroux's Ethics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kashani, Tony

    2012-01-01

    This article explores Henry Giroux's contributions to critical pedagogy. The author demonstrates how Giroux, as a public intellectual, has found his Ethics in the right place. The author further argues that Giroux's Ethics of virtue are present not only in the public person but also in his transformative writing.

  9. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy, Henry Austin's Drawing c. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy, Henry Austin's Drawing c. 1845 Restricted: Permission for use must be obtained in writing from Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library Yale University, New Haven, Conn. - Grove Street Cemetery Entrance, 227 Grove Street, New Haven, New Haven County, CT

  10. 10. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy, Henry Austin's Drawing EAST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy, Henry Austin's Drawing EAST SIDE ELEVATION Restricted: Permission for use must be obtained in writing from the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library Yale University, New Haven, Conn. - Willis Bristol House, 584 Chapel Street, New Haven, New Haven County, CT

  11. A Teacher's Guide for William Shakespeare's "Henry V."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    This teacher's guide for William Shakespeare's play "Henry V" is designed to accompany the Kenneth Branagh Masterpiece Theater film production of the play, and to help teachers use the film in a variety of ways. The guide includes pre-viewing background information, five teaching units, and a pullout poster for classroom display. The guide begins…

  12. Henry's law constants for dimethylsulfide in freshwater and seawater

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dacey, J. W. H.; Wakeham, S. G.; Howes, B. L.

    1984-01-01

    Distilled water and several waters of varying salinity were subjected, over a 0-32 C temperature range, to measurements for Henry's law constants for dimethylsulfide. Values for distilled water and seawater of the solubility parameters A and C are obtained which support the concept that the concentration of dimethylsulfide in the atmosphere is far from equilibrium with seawater.

  13. Portrait of a confederate secret agent: Henry A. Parr, DDS.

    PubMed

    Hyson, J M; Swanson, B Z

    1996-07-01

    Dr. Henry Albert Parr wore many faces during his career beginning with his Civil War service as a Confederate secret service agent and ending as a presidential dentist. How he played the roles in between as a pirate, accused murderer, pharmacist, inventor, and dental educator is a real odyssey--and worthy of documentation. PMID:9459850

  14. The Teaching Approach of Henry Schaefer-Simmern.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abrahamson, Roy E.

    1980-01-01

    This description of the teaching approach of Henry Schaefer-Simmern emphasizes his use of questioning to evoke student self-evaluation and to develop clarity of vision and interfunctional unity in students' art products and their mental, artistic conceiving. Two case reports of his work with elementary students are included. (Author/SJL)

  15. Henry James, Principled Realism, and the Practice of Critical Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kearns, Michael

    1994-01-01

    Focuses on the practice of critical reading in the English classroom. Argues that what is done in the classroom should be grounded in critical reading activities and be connected to the real lives of students. Demonstrates such a teaching approach in the context of a literature class studying Henry James's novel, "Washington Square." (HB)

  16. Henry Fitz: A Preeminent 19th Century American Telescope Maker

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abrahams, Peter

    A history of telescope maker Henry Fitz (1808-1863). Mentioned are: Amasa Holcomb, Wolcott, Lewis Rutherford, Elisa Robinson (woman), James Gillis, Erskine College, Robert Van Arsdale, Jacob Phelps, South Carolina College, Haverford College, Alleghany College, Clark, Brashear, Dudley Observatory, William Van Duzee, and Elijah Burritt. An on-line text version is available on the author's website.

  17. Henry David Thoreau and Martin Luther King, Jr. Lesson Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Brent

    1995-01-01

    Presents a five-lesson, high school instructional unit on the ideas and activities of Henry David Thoreau and Martin Luther King, Jr. Includes student objectives, step-by-step instructional procedures, and discussion questions. Provides quotations by Thoreau and King. (CFR)

  18. The Henry semianalytical solution for saltwater intrusion with reduced dispersion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zidane, Ali; Younes, Anis; Huggenberger, Peter; Zechner, Eric

    2012-06-01

    The Henry semianalytical solution for salt water intrusion is widely used for benchmarking density dependent flow codes. The method consists of replacing the stream function and the concentration by a double set of Fourier series. These series are truncated at a given order and the remaining coefficients are calculated by solving a highly nonlinear system of algebraic equations. The solution of this system is often subject to substantial numerical difficulties. Previous works succeeded to provide semianalytical solutions only for saltwater intrusion problems with unrealistic large amount of dispersion. In this work, different truncations for the Fourier series are tested and the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm, which has a quadratic rate of convergence, is applied to calculate their coefficients. The obtained results provide semianalytical solutions for the Henry problem in the case of reduced dispersion coefficients and for two freshwater recharge values: the initial value suggested by Henry (1964) and the reduced one suggested by Simpson and Clement (2004). The developed semianalytical solutions are compared against numerical results obtained by using the method of lines and advanced spatial discretization schemes. The obtained semianalytical solutions improve considerably the worthiness of the Henry problem and therefore, they are more suitable for testing density dependent flow codes.

  19. Circles, Teenagers, and "Henry V": A Short Shakespeare Residency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eaton, Gillian

    2006-01-01

    The residency about which the author writes was with students at The Roeper School in Birmingham, Michigan. This school is unusual in its support for a liberal arts and process-based education. In this article the author, an accomplished director and Teaching Artist, recounts the many engaging dimensions of a student production of "Henry V."

  20. Pursuing "Moby-Dick" in the Classroom, the Museum, Back in the Classroom, and Beyond.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Robert K.; Zlatkin, Aaron; Hixson, Lindsay; Kallmeyer, Robert J.; Sekowski, Kristen; Brock, Gina R.; Gallagher, Michael; Fletcher, William Ryan

    1997-01-01

    Describes a university course that explored the novel "Moby Dick" by Herman Melville and its relation to art highlighting the two student initiatives. Provides the opening statements from each of the 12 students at the National Association for Humanities Education Convention from their presentation on the course where they each related their…

  1. Quantum phase transitions and spontaneous symmetry-breaking in Dicke model

    SciTech Connect

    Puebla, R.; Retamosa, J.

    2013-06-10

    A method to find the Excited-States Quantum Phase Transitions (ESQPT's) from paritysymmetry in the Dicke model is studied and presented. This method allows us to stablish a critical energy where ESQPT's take places, and divides the whole energy spectrum in two regions with different properties.

  2. Teaching Psychology and Literature: Melancholia as Motivation in the Novels of Dick Francis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wagner, Elaine

    2010-01-01

    Teaching literature from a psychological perspective provides a basis for the study and analysis of human motivation and behavior, as psychology and literature make mutual contributions to the study of both disciplines. Melancholia is a recurring theme in the novels of Dick Francis, and the first-person accounts of despair and depression are

  3. Classical and quantum solutions in Brans-Dicke cosmology with a perfect fluid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paliathanasis, Andronikos; Tsamparlis, Michael; Basilakos, Spyros; Barrow, John D.

    2016-02-01

    We consider the application of group invariant transformations in order to constrain a flat isotropic and homogeneous cosmological model, containing a Brans-Dicke scalar field and a perfect fluid with a constant equation of state parameter w , where the latter is not interacting with the scalar field in the gravitational action integral. The requirement that the Wheeler-DeWitt equation be invariant under one-parameter point transformations provides us with two families of power-law potentials for the Brans-Dicke field, in which the powers are functions of the Brans-Dicke parameter ωBD and the parameter w . The existence of the Lie symmetry in the Wheeler-DeWitt equation is equivalent to the existence of a conserved quantity in field equations and with oscillatory terms in the wave function of the Universe. This enables us to solve the field equations. For a specific value of the conserved quantity, we find a closed-form solution for the Hubble factor, which is equivalent to a cosmological model in general relativity containing two perfect fluids. This provides us with different models for specific values of the parameters ωBD , and w . Finally, the results hold for the specific case where the Brans-Dicke parameter ωBD is zero, that is, for the O'Hanlon massive dilaton theory and, consequently, for f (R ) gravity in the metric formalism.

  4. Possible observational manifestations of wormholes in the Brans-Dicke theory

    SciTech Connect

    Alexeyev, S. O. Rannu, K. A.; Gareeva, D. V.

    2011-10-15

    The energy flux emitted during the accretion of matter onto a wormhole in the Brans-Dicke theory has been calculated. This characteristic is compared with its values calculated previously for wormholes in general relativity and for a Schwarzschild black hole.

  5. Semiclassical dynamics of the resonant Dicke model in a strongly non-linear regime

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chumakov, S. M.; Klimov, A. B.

    2015-06-01

    We study semiclassical dynamics of the resonant Dicke model under the rotation wave approximation (RWA) for initial vacuum field state and all excited atoms in the asymptotic limit of a large number of atoms. We develop a new approach for description of the evolution of such unstable states by combining semiclassical and quantum approaches.

  6. Kaluza-Klein Anisotropic Magnetized Dark Energy Cosmological Model in Brans-Dicke Theory of Gravitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Katore, S. D.; Sancheti, M. M.; Sarkate, N. K.

    2014-09-01

    We study the spatially homogeneous Kaluza-Klein cosmological model with magnetized anisotropic fluid in the scalar tensor theory of gravitation proposed by Brans-Dicke [1]. Exact solutions of the models are obtained by Volumetric exponential and power law expansion. The Physical behaviors of the models have been discussed using some physical quantities.

  7. Obituary: Roy Henry Garstang (1925-2009)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malville, J.

    2011-12-01

    Roy Henry Garstang 84 passed away on November 1, 2009 in Boulder Colorado. He was born in Southport, England in September of 1925 to Percy Brocklehurst and Eunice (Gledhill) Garstang. He won a scholarship to Caius College in Cambridge University. Because it was wartime, he could spend only two years at his studies. However, he managed to complete three years of required work during that time, and then spent 1945-46 as a Junior Scientific Officer at the Royal Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough. He received his BA in 1946 from Cambridge, his MA in 1950, and his PhD in Mathematics in 1954, with a thesis: "Atomic Transitions in Astrophysics," working under D. R. Hartree. He also received a ScD from Cambridge in Physics and Chemistry in 1983. He married Ann in August 1959. She and two daughters, Jennifer and Susan, survive him. While still pursuing his PhD, Roy Garstang served as a Research Associate at the Yerkes Observatory, from 1951-1952, working under Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. During that time he continued with his own calculations of atomic structure and transition probabilities, although these were not part of Chandra's research interests. After earning his PhD, he went to teach at the University of London, where he also served as the Assistant Director of the University of London Observatory (1959-1964). He was editor of "The Observatory" Magazine form 1953-1960. The continuing theme of this research was to help meet the needs of astrophysicists for atomic data. In 1964, he left England for the United States, where he joined the faculty at the University of Colorado, Boulder, where he would remain for the rest of his professional career. It was entirely fitting, considering his interest in performing calculations of interest to astrophysicists, that soon after arriving in Boulder he was appointed Chairman of JILA - Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics (1966-1967). He was Director of the Division of Physics and AstroGeophysics (1979-80), acting Director of the Fiske Planetarium (1980-81), Chair of the Faculty Assembly (1988-1989) and recipient of the Faculty Assembly Excellence in Service Award in 1990. During his career Garstang was active in a number of professional organizations, including the British Astronomical Association (two-term Vice President) and Sigma Xi for which he was the Secretary of the University of Colorado for 20 years. He was a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Physical Society the American Physical Society, the Optical Society of America, the Royal Astronomical Society, the Institute of Physics (British), the Royal Statistical Society, and the Cambridge Philosophical Society. He published more than 150 articles in scientific journals. Roy Garstang was the consummate resource for atomic calculations needed by the astrophysical community. His first scientific paper published when he was a graduate student in 1950 was "Some line strengths for ionized neon" (Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 110: 612-614) and some 55 papers later, in 1981 he published calculations on neutral technetium "Oscillator strengths for neutral technetium" (PASP 93:641. 1981). A continuing interest of his was forbidden transitions, such as are important in the solar corona, aurora, planetary nebula, and nova shells. He made important calculations of the energy levels and spectra of highly ionized species of iron and worked extensively on magnetic quadrupole radiation, which proved to be important in the solar corona. Garstang also studied the effects of strong magnetic field on atomic spectra, ranging from the thousand gauss fields of sunspots to megagauss fields of white dwarfs. He was internationally recognized for his work on light pollution, which turned into a major course change for him, becoming his primary research interest after 1984. Between 1984 and 2007, he published 40 scientific papers of which 37 concerned sky brightness in one way or another. He constructed and modified a light pollution model (Dust and Light Pollution, PASP 103:1109 (1991)) which included an ozone layer, scattering of light by molecules and aerosols with improved variations with altitude, curvature of the earth, and a dust layer of dust either volcanic or desert origin. His models have become the standard for the field and have successfully reproduced the variation of sky glow with position in the sky and with distance from light sources. His models raised awareness of the factors contributing to light pollution at observatory sites and led to efforts to reduce urban light pollution. Garstang played an important role in the teaching program of the CU Bolder Astrophysics and Planetary Science department, teaching large introductory classes, laboratory and observatory sessions as well as upper division classes and graduate classes. His appetite for teaching undergraduate can be appreciated by some of the laboratory exercise he invented such as measuring the solar constant by the rate of rise of temperature inside closed car ("How hot does your parked car become?" AAPT Announce 18:139 (1988)). In 1994 he published a letter in AmJPh about a continuing discussion of SI units. The letter reveals much about his approach to life and physics. "I have done a lot of work during the last 15 years on light pollution. If you want to reach lighting engineers you have to talk about lumens, lux, foot-candles, and whatever. If you do not, your reward is simply not to be understood. Photons per square meter per second per steradian means nothing to them. The problem is doubly compounded because astronomers have their own traditional units, such as number of tenth magnitude stars per square degree, magnitudes per square arc second, and so on, which are equally obscure to the engineering community. By all means work in metric, but be prepared to quote your main results in language understood by the consumers of your results. In fact, a little common sense is what we need."

  8. Human J-protein DnaJB6b Cures a Subset of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Prions and Selectively Blocks Assembly of Structurally Related Amyloids.

    PubMed

    Reidy, Michael; Sharma, Ruchika; Roberts, Brittany-Lee; Masison, Daniel C

    2016-02-19

    Human chaperone DnaJB6, an Hsp70 co-chaperone whose defects cause myopathies, protects cells from polyglutamine toxicity and prevents purified polyglutamine and Aβ peptides from forming amyloid. Yeast prions [URE3] and [PSI(+)] propagate as amyloid forms of Ure2 and Sup35 proteins, respectively. Here we find DnaJB6-protected yeast cells from polyglutamine toxicity and cured yeast of both [URE3] prions and weak variants of [PSI(+)] prions but not strong [PSI(+)] prions. Weak and strong variants of [PSI(+)] differ only in the structural conformation of their amyloid cores. In line with its anti-prion effects, DnaJB6 prevented purified Sup35NM from forming amyloids at 37 °C, which produce predominantly weak [PSI(+)] variants when used to infect yeast, but not at 4 °C, which produces mostly strong [PSI(+)] variants. Thus, structurally distinct amyloids composed of the same protein were differentially sensitive to the anti-amyloid activity of DnaJB6 both in vitro and in vivo. These findings have important implications for strategies using DnaJB6 as a target for therapy in amyloid disorders. PMID:26702057

  9. DnaJB6 is present in the core of Lewy bodies and is highly up-regulated in parkinsonian astrocytes.

    PubMed

    Durrenberger, P F; Filiou, M D; Moran, L B; Michael, G J; Novoselov, S; Cheetham, M E; Clark, P; Pearce, R K B; Graeber, M B

    2009-01-01

    DnaJ/Hsp40 chaperones determine the activity of Hsp70s by stabilizing their interaction with substrate proteins. We have predicted, based on the in silico analysis of a brain-derived whole-genome transcriptome data set, an increased expression of DnaJ/Hsp40 homologue, subfamily B, member 6 (DnaJB6) in Parkinson's disease (PD; Moran et al. [2006] Neurogenetics 7:1-11). We now show that DnaJB6 is a novel component of Lewy bodies (LBs) in both PD substantia nigra and PD cortex and that it is strongly up-regulated in parkinsonian astrocytes. The presence of DnaJB6 in the center of LBs suggests an early and direct involvement of this chaperone in the neuronal disease process associated with PD. The strong concomitant expression of DnaJB6 in astrocytes emphasizes the involvement of glial cells in PD and could indicate a route for therapeutic intervention. Extracellular alpha-synuclein originating from intravesicular alpha-synuclein is prone to aggregation and the potential source of extracellular aggregates (Lee [2008] J. Mol. Neurosci. 34:17-22). The observed strong expression of DnaJB6 by astrocytes could reflect a protective reaction, so reducing the neuronal release of toxic alpha-synuclein and supporting the astrocyte response in PD might limit the progression of the disease process. PMID:18711724

  10. Enantioselective Henry (nitroaldol) reaction catalyzed by axially chiral guanidines.

    PubMed

    Ube, Hitoshi; Terada, Masahiro

    2009-07-15

    The enantioselective activation of nitroalkanes was attempted on the basis of the complexation between chiral guanidinium and nitronate through two hydrogen bonds. The proposed enantioselective activation was applied to the diastereo- and enantioselective Henry (nitroaldol) reaction of nitroalkanes with aldehydes using axially chiral guanidine bases as the catalyst. Optically active nitroaldol products were obtained in acceptable yields with fairly good enantio- and diastereoselectivities at low temperature. PMID:19375310

  11. Sarcophilia, cremation and Sir Henry Thompson (1820-1904).

    PubMed

    Jellinek, E H

    2009-11-01

    Sarcophilia, a neologism for an attachment to human remains, is set in a review of the history of the disposal of the dead. The ancient practice of cremation was relaunched late in the 19th century by the urological surgeon cum social reformer Sir Henry Thompson. He was stimulated by Edwin Chadwick and Charles Dickens, and by Charles Darwin's observations on the earthworm. Sarcophilia is the reason for the controversial Human Tissue Act of 2004. PMID:20029076

  12. In praise of the literary eponym—Henry V sign

    PubMed Central

    Houlihan, C.; Marks, J. Charles

    2013-01-01

    The use of eponyms in medicine is often discouraged. However, the literary eponym should be an exception as it is not linked with many of the difficulties associated with conventional eponyms and offers descriptive brevity and accuracy. Here, we illustrate the point with Henry V sign, which will be familiar to many who have cared for patients in the terminal stage of illness. PMID:23108030

  13. Henry Dale and the discovery of chemical synaptic transmission.

    PubMed

    Todman, Don

    2008-01-01

    Henry Dale received the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine in 1936 with Otto Loewi for their research which proved chemical synaptic transmission in the peripheral nervous system. Subsequently there was an extended period of controversy between advocates of chemical and electrical transmission before the chemical process was established in the central and peripheral nervous system. This debate and its final resolution was one of the most crucial in the history of neuroscience in the 20th century. PMID:18645249

  14. Henrys Law Constant and Overall Mass Transfer Coefficient for Formaldehyde Emission from Small Water Pools under Simulated Indoor Environmental Conditions

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Henrys law constant (HLC) and the overall mass transfer coefficient are both important parameters for modeling formaldehyde emissions from aqueous solutions. In this work, the apparent HLCs for aqueous formaldehyde solutions were determined in the concentration range f...

  15. Air-Liquid Partition Coefficient for a Diverse Set of Organic Compounds: Henrys Law Constant in Water and Hexadecane

    EPA Science Inventory

    The SPARC vapor pressure and activity coefficient models were coupled to estimate Henrys Law Constant (HLC) in water and in hexadecane for a wide range of non-polar and polar solute organic compounds without modification to/or additional parameterization of the vapor pressure or...

  16. Henrys Law Constant and Overall Mass Transfer Coefficient for Formaldehyde Emission from Small Water Pools under Simulated Indoor Environmental Conditions

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Henrys law constant (HLC) and the overall mass transfer coefficient are both important parameters for modeling formaldehyde emissions from aqueous solutions. In this work, the apparent HLCs for aqueous formaldehyde solutions were determined in the concentration range from 0....

  17. Temperature dependencies of Henry's law constants for different plant sesquiterpenes.

    PubMed

    Copolovici, Lucian; Niinemets, Ülo

    2015-11-01

    Sesquiterpenes are plant-produced hydrocarbons with important ecological functions in plant-to-plant and plant-to-insect communication, but due to their high reactivity they can also play a significant role in atmospheric chemistry. So far, there is little information of gas/liquid phase partition coefficients (Henry's law constants) and their temperature dependencies for sesquiterpenes, but this information is needed for quantitative simulation of the release of sesquiterpenes from plants and modeling atmospheric reactions in different phases. In this study, we estimated Henry's law constants (Hpc) and their temperature responses for 12 key plant sesquiterpenes with varying structure (aliphatic, mono-, bi- and tricyclic sesquiterpenes). At 25 °C, Henry's law constants varied 1.4-fold among different sesquiterpenes, and the values were within the range previously observed for monocyclic monoterpenes. Hpc of sesquiterpenes exhibited a high rate of increase, on average ca. 1.5-fold with a 10 °C increase in temperature (Q10). The values of Q10 varied 1.2-fold among different sesquiterpenes. Overall, these data demonstrate moderately high variation in Hpc values and Hpc temperature responses among different sesquiterpenes. We argue that these variations can importantly alter the emission kinetics of sesquiterpenes from plants. PMID:26291755

  18. BOOK REVIEW: Joseph Henry: The Rise of an American Scientist

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crawford, Elspeth

    1998-09-01

    Albert Moyer has clearly done his research into the events of Joseph Henry's life. The personal, professional, sociological and scientific aspects have been meticulously detailed throughout and the ordering, as in the chapter headings, is chronological, so that there is some element of each of these aspects in each chapter. This is unfortunately both the strength and the weakness of the biography, as the detail seemed to me to be the most remarkable characteristic of the writing. But, the bigger stories, or the themes, which might have been possible, seemed to get lost. Hence, I found this a book for those who are seriously interested in Joseph Henry; but for those whose interest might be more general, say having an interest in nineteenth century growth of scientific institutions, or wanting to understand the conceptual development of electromagnetism, there seemed to be too much which came from the Henry point of view, rather than locating Henry within his time and context. This is a remark about style, rather than omission of content, as the myriad of details in each paragraph certainly inform the reader about the context. For instance, some sociology of the USA in the nineteenth century could be inferred, say showing how a young man from a modest background might make his way into a professional life, but the information is so particularly a description of Henry's experience that one has to rely on prior knowledge or make assumptions in order to create a sociological perspective. That is, I now know, what happened to Henry, but I do not know if his case was in any sense typical or atypical. Similarly there is information about education in general at that time, and scientific education, research and its publication, as it applied to Henry. The relationships between science in the USA and in Europe have a place, and there is quite a bit of information about the institutions in which Henry worked, particularly Albany Academy, Princeton and the Smithsonian. Henry's marriage and family, and his beliefs are addressed; we hear how his work kept him from his family at times, but also how much they meant to him. And, of course, there are scientific questions and factual information about the field in which he is renowned - electromagnetism. It is hard to find fault with the quantity and breadth of what is offered, and very easy to criticize the way in which it is offered; nevertheless it seems to me that this is a superb record of events, but without the themes or pictures that would make it a biography. Before reading the book, I was acquainted with some of Henry's writing on electromagnetism (researched as part of my own work on Michael Faraday). I looked in vain for the personality whom I had met in a few scientific papers, a person who had written of new experimentation and results, who knew that new theory was needed also, and who, when he could not think of any, said disarmingly, `this part of the investigation, was, for a time, given up almost in despair'. Moyer does not seem to convey this personality whose words engage other people, even at a distance in time. In spite of this severe criticism, the book has an enticing quality, probably best summarized by its introduction. This recounts the quite staggering attendance at Henry's funeral service and the tenor of obituary notices: this man was loved, by many. Hence, while reading, one continually looks for biography which would in some measure account for this loving and high regard. That is, we are given a measure of this man, and then it is as if the nature of the measure remains unknown however often mentioned. Maybe this beginning in a sense creates the disappointment. It would seem that Henry signifies something greater than wide achievements for those who actually knew him or who read his writing. Could this be the willingness to learn and keep trying, to put others' needs in front of his own, to have both modesty and enthusiasm for enquiry, not-knowing as well as knowing, etc? In other words, the humanness which is needed and needs, achievement, is hidden here and there in Moyer's biography. It is a pity that it does not shine above the detail, but it is worth looking for.

  19. Henry's law constants of some environmentally important aldehydes

    SciTech Connect

    Betterton, E.A.; Hoffmann, M.R.

    1988-12-01

    The Henry's law constants of seven aldehydes have been determined as a function of temperature by bubble-column and by head-space techniques. The compounds were chosen for their potential importance in the polluted troposphere and to allow structure-reactivity patterns to be investigated. The results (at 25/degree/C) are as follows (in units of M atm/sup /minus/1/): chloral, 3.44 /times/ 10/sup 5/; glyoxal, greater than or equal to3 /times/ 10/sup 5/; methylglyoxal, 3.71 /times/ 10/sup 3/; formaldehyde, 2.97 /times/ 10/sup 3/; benzaldehyde, 3.74 /times/ 10/sup 1/; hydroxyacetaldehyde, 4.14 /times/ 10/sup 4/; acetaldehyde, 1.14 /times/ 10/sup 1/. A plot of Taft's parameter, ..sigma..sigma*, vs log H* (the apparent Henry's law constant) gives a straight line with a slope of 1.72. H* for formaldehyde is anomalously high, as expected, but the extremely high value for hydroxyacetaldehyde was unexpected and may indicate that ..cap alpha..-hydroxy-substituted aldehydes could have an usually high affinity for the aqueous phase. The intrinsic Henry's law constants, H, corrected for hydration, do not show a clear structure-reactivity pattern for this series of aldehydes.

  20. Human Dendritic Cell DC-SIGN and TLR-2 Mediate Complementary Immune Regulatory Activities in Response to Lactobacillus rhamnosus JB-1

    PubMed Central

    Konieczna, Patrycja; Schiavi, Elisa; Ziegler, Mario; Groeger, David; Healy, Selena; Grant, Ray; OMahony, Liam

    2015-01-01

    The microbiota is required for optimal host development and ongoing immune homeostasis. Lactobacilli are common inhabitants of the mammalian large intestine and immunoregulatory effects have been described for certain, but not all, strains. The mechanisms underpinning these protective effects are beginning to be elucidated. One such protective organism is Lactobacillus rhamnosus JB-1 (Lb. rhamnosus JB-1). Lb. murinus has no such anti-inflammatory protective effects and was used as a comparator organism. Human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDCs) were co-incubated with bacteria and analysed over time for bacterial adhesion and intracellular processing, costimulatory molecule expression, cytokine secretion and induction of lymphocyte polarization. Neutralising antibodies were utilized to identify the responsible MDDC receptors. Lb. rhamnosus JB-1 adhered to MDDCs, but internalization and intracellular processing was significantly delayed, compared to Lb. murinus which was rapidly internalized and processed. Lb. murinus induced CD80 and CD86 expression, accompanied by high levels of cytokine secretion, while Lb. rhamnosus JB-1 was a poor inducer of costimulatory molecule expression and cytokine secretion. Lb. rhamnosus JB-1 primed MDDCs induced Foxp3 expression in autologous lymphocytes, while Lb. murinus primed MDDCs induced Foxp3, T-bet and Ror-?t expression. DC-SIGN was required for Lb. rhamnosus JB-1 adhesion and influenced IL-12 secretion, while TLR-2 influenced IL-10 and IL-12 secretion. Here we demonstrate that the delayed kinetics of bacterial processing by MDDCs correlates with MDDC activation and stimulation of lymphocytes. Thus, inhibition or delay of intracellular processing may be a novel strategy by which certain commensals may avoid the induction of proinflammatory responses. PMID:25816321

  1. Hamiltonian formulation of Palatini f(R) theories a la Brans-Dicke theory

    SciTech Connect

    Olmo, Gonzalo J.; Sanchis-Alepuz, Helios

    2011-05-15

    We study the Hamiltonian formulation of f(R) theories of gravity both in metric and in Palatini formalism using their classical equivalence with Brans-Dicke theories with a nontrivial potential. The Palatini case, which corresponds to the {omega}=-3/2 Brans-Dicke theory, requires special attention because of new constraints associated with the scalar field, which is nondynamical. We derive, compare, and discuss the constraints and evolution equations for the {omega}=-3/2 and {omega}{ne}-3/2 cases. Based on the properties of the constraint and evolution equations, we find that, contrary to certain claims in the literature, the Cauchy problem for the {omega}=-3/2 case is well formulated and there is no reason to believe that it is not well posed in general.

  2. Chameleon effect in the Jordan frame of the Brans-Dicke theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quiros, Israel; Garca-Salcedo, Ricardo; Gonzalez, Tame; Horta-Rangel, F. Antonio

    2015-08-01

    In this paper we investigate the chameleon effect in the different conformal frames of the Brans-Dicke (BD) theory. Given that, in the standard literature on the subject, the chameleon is described in the Einstein frame almost exclusively, here we pay special attention to the description of this effect in the Jordan and in the string frames. It is shown that, in general, terrestrial and solar system bounds on the mass of the BD scalar field, and bounds of cosmological origin, are difficult to reconcile at once through a single chameleon potential. We point out that, in a cosmological context, provided that the effective chameleon potential has a minimum within a region of constant density of matter, the Brans-Dicke theory transmutes into general relativity with a cosmological constant, in that region. This result, however, can be only locally valid.

  3. Functional integral approach to a full Dicke model with nearest-neighbour interaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Inoue, Jun-ichi

    2012-08-01

    We discuss a possible phase transition in a full Dicke model that allows a local excitation in a two-level system to migrate to the nearest-neighbour sites. This model is found to be singular in the sense that a conventional scheme to handle a Dicke model with a generic interaction is not applicable. We thus begin with devising an appropriate method for the present model, and then evaluate a partition function associated with the model within a framework of imaginary time functional integral method. Through the stationary phase analysis of the partition function, we show that a condensation of a coupling mode of two degrees of freedom that constitute the model, photon and the local excitation, would occur. The result demonstrates contrasting features of the phase, depending on the sign of the migration term. A connection of our findings with an experimental realization, Frenkel exciton polariton condensation in an organic dye aggregate, is pointed out.

  4. Non-equilibrium dynamics of the Dicke model for mesoscopic aggregates: signatures of superradiance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fuchs, Sebastian; Ankerhold, Joachim; Blencowe, Miles; Kubala, Bjrn

    2016-02-01

    The dynamics of the Dicke model, which describes the interaction of N two-level atoms with a resonant field mode, is studied in the presence of dissipation and in strong non-equilibrium for a moderate number of atoms. Starting from a highly excited state, it is investigated to what extent signatures of superradient phenomena known from the thermodynamic limit N\\to ? , namely, superradiant light emission and atom-field correlations characteristic for the superradiant phase, appear on transient time scales. Attention is also paid to subtleties of modeling dissipation in the weak coupling limit and to the dynamics in phase space. The latter allows phase space correlators to be defined as indicators for collective behavior on transient time scales. These findings may be of relevance for the realization of Dicke physics with superconducting circuits.

  5. Brans-Dicke Cosmology with non-vanishing Cosmological Constant and Non-Zero Curvature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pandey, S. N.

    A model of the universe based on Brans-Dicke theory with non-vanishing cosmological constant and non-zero curvature is studied. Equations (13) and (16) have been obtained by the assumption f(t) = ?(t)a(t), which give the values of the scale factor, a(t) and scalar field, ?(t) in terms of the observable parameters. Also, for a particular case of matter dominated universe, Equation (20) is obtained which gives the relation between various parameters.

  6. Exact solutions to Brans-Dicke cosmologies in flat Friedmann universes.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morganstern, R. E.

    1971-01-01

    The Brans-Dicke cosmological equations for flat Friedmann-type expanding universes are solved parametrically for time, density, expansion parameter, and scalar field. These results reduce to a previously obtained exact solution to the radiation cosmology. Although the scalar field may be undetectable at the present epoch, it is felt that, if it exists, it must play an important role as one approaches the initial singularity of the cosmology.

  7. Production of an X-band horn after a design of Dick Turrin, W2IMU

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monstein, Christian

    2015-08-01

    While looking for a nice, easy to perform and cheap students' project in 2009, we investigated X-band (8 to 12 GHz) microwave devices. A 5 m parabolic dish antenna and an X-band down-converter were already available, but we had no antenna feed in our tool box. A web search yielded a simple feed horn design and found sketches and descriptions by Dick Turrin (W2IMU) from 1991.

  8. Constraining red-shift parametrization parameters in Brans-Dicke theory: evolution of open confidence contours

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biswas, Ritabrata; Debnath, Ujjal

    2014-10-01

    In Brans-Dicke theory of gravity, from the nature of the scalar field-potential considered, the dark energy, dark matter, radiation densities predicted by different observations and the closedness of the universe considered, we can fix our ω BD , the Brans-Dicke parameter, keeping only the thing in mind that from different solar system constrains it must be greater than 5×105. Once we have a value, satisfying the required lower boundary, in our hand we proceed for setting unknown parameters of the different dark energy models' EoS parameter. In this paper we work with three well known red shift parametrizations of dark energy EoS. To constrain their free parameters for Brans Dicke theory of gravity we take twelve point red shift vs Hubble's parameter data and perform χ 2 test. We present the observational data analysis mechanism for Stern, Stern+BAO and Stern+BAO+CMB observations. Minimising χ 2, we obtain the best fit values and draw different confidence contours. We analyze the contours physically. Also we examine the best fit of distance modulus for our theoretical models and the Supernovae Type Ia Union2 sample. For Brans Dicke theory of gravity the difference from the mainstream confidence contouring method of data analysis id that the confidence contours evolved are not at all closed contours like a circle or a ellipse. Rather they are found to be open contours allowing the free parameters to float inside a infinite region of parameter space. However, negative EoSs are likely to evolve from the best fit values.

  9. Generation of Symmetric Dicke States of Remote Qubits with Linear Optics

    SciTech Connect

    Thiel, C.; Zanthier, J. von; Bastin, T.; Solano, E.; Agarwal, G. S.

    2007-11-09

    We propose a method for generating all symmetric Dicke states, either in the long-lived internal levels of N massive particles or in the polarization degrees of freedom of photonic qubits, using linear optical tools only. By means of a suitable multiphoton detection technique, erasing Welcher-Weg information, our proposed scheme allows the generation and measurement of an important class of entangled multiqubit states.

  10. A Higher Dimensional Cosmic Domain Wall in Brans-Dicke Theory of Gravitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reddy, D. R. K.; Rao, P. Govinda; Naidu, R. L.

    2008-12-01

    Five dimensional Kaluza-Klein Space-time is considered in the presence of thick domain walls in the scalar-tensor theory formulated by Brans and Dicke (Phys. Rev. 124:925, 1961). Exact cosmological model, in this theory, is presented with the help of special law of variation proposed by Berman (Nuovo Cim. B 74:182, 1983) for Hubbles parameter. Some physical and kinematical properties of the model are also discussed.

  11. Brans-Dicke Theory with Λ>0: Black Holes and Large Scale Structures.

    PubMed

    Bhattacharya, Sourav; Dialektopoulos, Konstantinos F; Romano, Antonio Enea; Tomaras, Theodore N

    2015-10-30

    A step-by-step approach is followed to study cosmic structures in the context of Brans-Dicke theory with positive cosmological constant Λ and parameter ω. First, it is shown that regular stationary black-hole solutions not only have constant Brans-Dicke field ϕ, but can exist only for ω=∞, which forces the theory to coincide with the general relativity. Generalizations of the theory in order to evade this black-hole no-hair theorem are presented. It is also shown that in the absence of a stationary cosmological event horizon in the asymptotic region, a stationary black-hole horizon can support a nontrivial Brans-Dicke hair. Even more importantly, it is shown next that the presence of a stationary cosmological event horizon rules out any regular stationary solution, appropriate for the description of a star. Thus, to describe a star one has to assume that there is no such stationary horizon in the faraway asymptotic region. Under this implicit assumption generic spherical cosmic structures are studied perturbatively and it is shown that only for ω>0 or ω≲-5 their predicted maximum sizes are consistent with observations. We also point out how, many of the conclusions of this work differ qualitatively from the Λ=0 spacetimes. PMID:26565454

  12. Bianchi type-III models with anisotropic dark energy in Brans-Dicke-Rastall theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salako, Ines G.; Jawad, Abdul

    2015-10-01

    In this paper, we consider the Bianchi type-III metric (which is a spatially homogeneous and anisotropic) in the framework of a newly proposed Brans-Dicke-Rastall theory of gravitation by Carams et al. (Eur. Phys. J. C 74:3145, 2014. In this scenario, we obtain the generalized form of the anisotropy parameter of the expansion, the dynamically anisotropic equation of state parameter, and a dynamical energy density in the presence of a single diagonal imperfect fluid. By assuming the anisotropy of the fluid, and exponential and power-law volumetric expansions, we find the exact solutions of the Brans-Dicke-Rastall field equations. We examine the isotropy of the fluid, of space, and of the expansion of the universe. It is observed that the universe can approach the isotropy monotonically even in the presence of an anisotropic fluid. We also note that the strong anisotropy observed in RG, respectively, is diminished considerably in the Rastall theory and Brans-Dicke-Rastall theory because of the influence of the parameters and.

  13. Brans-Dicke Theory with ? >0 : Black Holes and Large Scale Structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhattacharya, Sourav; Dialektopoulos, Konstantinos F.; Romano, Antonio Enea; Tomaras, Theodore N.

    2015-10-01

    A step-by-step approach is followed to study cosmic structures in the context of Brans-Dicke theory with positive cosmological constant ? and parameter ? . First, it is shown that regular stationary black-hole solutions not only have constant Brans-Dicke field ? , but can exist only for ? =?, which forces the theory to coincide with the general relativity. Generalizations of the theory in order to evade this black-hole no-hair theorem are presented. It is also shown that in the absence of a stationary cosmological event horizon in the asymptotic region, a stationary black-hole horizon can support a nontrivial Brans-Dicke hair. Even more importantly, it is shown next that the presence of a stationary cosmological event horizon rules out any regular stationary solution, appropriate for the description of a star. Thus, to describe a star one has to assume that there is no such stationary horizon in the faraway asymptotic region. Under this implicit assumption generic spherical cosmic structures are studied perturbatively and it is shown that only for ? >0 or ? ?-5 their predicted maximum sizes are consistent with observations. We also point out how, many of the conclusions of this work differ qualitatively from the ? =0 spacetimes.

  14. Robust creation of arbitrary-sized Dicke states of trapped ions by global addressing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Linington, Ian; Vitanov, Nikolay

    2008-05-01

    We propose a novel technique for the creation of entangled Dicke states in a chain of trapped ions. Our approach is robust against experimental imperfections, largely insensitive to motional heating and applicable to arbitrary numbers of ions and excitations. Individual addressing is not required, since the method uses only a single laser, interacting simultaneously with all ions. By factorizing the overall Hilbert space, we show that the dynamics is confined to a ladder of symmetric states which are invariant under permutation of the ions. Sweeping the laser detuning through resonance and enforcing adiabatic evolution then induces a ``bow-tie'' level-crossing wherein the two ends of the ladder are smoothly connected. An initial product state may be transformed into an entangled Dicke state using only two laser pulses. The technique is naturally robust against fluctuations in the laser intensity and the chirp rate. Furthermore, because the method is significantly faster than existing approaches, heating effects can be very small, even when the centre-of-mass mode is used. We quantify the adiabaticity requirements and the effects of motional heating, and estimate an overall fidelity exceeding 98% for the generation of a ten-ion Dicke state. The method may readily be adapted in order to create non-classical superposition states of the ions' collective motion and Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states of their internal states.

  15. Henry Charlton Bastian (1837-1915): neglected neurologist and scientist.

    PubMed

    Pearce, J M S

    2010-01-01

    Henry Charlton Bastian was born in Truro, Cornwall. He graduated in 1861 at the University College, London, where he worked most of his life. He was one of the first neurologists appointed to the National Hospital, Queen Square. There, he conducted original investigations and pursued wide interests both in medical and biological sciences. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1868. In addition to his reputation as a neurological diagnostician and intellectual, he became an advocate of the vexed doctrine of abiogenesis. PMID:20093838

  16. Henry Cavendish, Johann von Soldner, and the deflection of light

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Will, Clifford M.

    1988-05-01

    The gravitational deflection of light based on Newtonian theory and the corpuscular model of light was calculated, but never published, around 1784 by Henry Cavendish, almost 20 years earlier than the first published calculation by Johann Georg von Soldner. The two results are slightly different because, while Cavendish treated a light ray emitted from infinity, von Soldner treated a light ray emitted from the surface of the gravitating body. At the first order of approximation, they agree with each other; both are one-half the value predicted by general relativity and confirmed by experiment.

  17. Hugh Henry Bentall, a pioneer of cardiovascular surgery

    PubMed Central

    Thiene, Gaetano

    2014-01-01

    Hugh Henry Bentall, the inventor of the surgical procedure that enabled concomitant replacement of the aortic valve and ascending aorta, died on September 2012 at the age of 92. He was the first Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery in the United Kingdom, at the Hammersmith Hospital, and carried out the first open-heart operations with a heart-lung machine in London in 1953. Besides cardiac surgery, he paid particular attention to cardiac anatomy and embryology, which he enriched even following retirement. He leaves three sons and a daughter. PMID:24368549

  18. Inhibition of Nickel Nanoparticles-Induced Toxicity by Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate in JB6 Cells May Be through Down-Regulation of the MAPK Signaling Pathways.

    PubMed

    Gu, Yuanliang; Wang, Yafei; Zhou, Qi; Bowman, Linda; Mao, Guochuan; Zou, Baobo; Xu, Jin; Liu, Yu; Liu, Kui; Zhao, Jinshun; Ding, Min

    2016-01-01

    With the rapid development in nanotechnology, nickel nanoparticles (Ni NPs) have emerged in the application of nanomedicine in recent years. However, the potential adverse health effects of Ni NPs are unclear. In this study, we examined the inhibition effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on the toxicity induced by Ni NPs in mouse epidermal cell line (JB6 cell). MTT assay showed that Ni NPs induced cytotoxicity in a dose-dependent manner while EGCG exerted a certain inhibition on the toxicity. Additionally, EGCG could reduce the apoptotic cell number and the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in JB6 cells induced by Ni NPs. Furthermore, we observed that EGCG could down-regulate Ni NPs-induced activator protein-1 (AP-1) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation in JB6 cells, which has been shown to play pivotal roles in tumor initiation, promotion and progression. Western blot indicated that EGCG could alleviate the toxicity of Ni NPs through regulating protein changes in MAPK signaling pathways. In summary, our results suggest that careful evaluation on the potential health effects of Ni NPs is necessary before being widely used in the field of nanomedicine. Inhibition of EGCG on Ni NPs-induced cytotoxicity in JB6 cells may be through the MAPK signaling pathways suggesting that EGCG might be useful in preventing the toxicity of Ni NPs. PMID:26943640

  19. Stable high-titer n-butanol production from sucrose and sugarcane juice by Clostridium acetobutylicum JB200 in repeated batch fermentations.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Wenyan; Zhao, Jingbo; Wang, Zhongqiang; Yang, Shang-Tian

    2014-07-01

    The production of n-butanol, a widely used industrial chemical and promising transportation fuel, from abundant, low-cost substrates, such as sugarcane juice, in acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation was studied with Clostridium acetobutylicum JB200, a mutant with high butanol tolerance and capable of producing high-titer (>20 g/L) n-butanol from glucose. Although JB200 is a favorable host for industrial bio-butanol production, its fermentation performance with sucrose and sugarcane juice as substrates has not been well studied. In this study, the long-term n-butanol production from sucrose by JB200 was evaluated with cells immobilized in a fibrous-bed bioreactor (FBB), showing stable performance with high titer (16-20 g/L), yield (? 0.21 g/g sucrose) and productivity (? 0.32 g/Lh) for 16 consecutive batches over 800 h. Sugarcane thick juice as low-cost substrate was then tested in 3 consecutive batches, which gave similar n-butanol production, demonstrating that JB200 is a robust and promising strain for industrial ABE fermentation. PMID:24811445

  20. Inhibition of Nickel Nanoparticles-Induced Toxicity by Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate in JB6 Cells May Be through Down-Regulation of the MAPK Signaling Pathways

    PubMed Central

    Bowman, Linda; Mao, Guochuan; Zou, Baobo; Xu, Jin; Liu, Yu; Liu, Kui; Zhao, Jinshun; Ding, Min

    2016-01-01

    With the rapid development in nanotechnology, nickel nanoparticles (Ni NPs) have emerged in the application of nanomedicine in recent years. However, the potential adverse health effects of Ni NPs are unclear. In this study, we examined the inhibition effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on the toxicity induced by Ni NPs in mouse epidermal cell line (JB6 cell). MTT assay showed that Ni NPs induced cytotoxicity in a dose-dependent manner while EGCG exerted a certain inhibition on the toxicity. Additionally, EGCG could reduce the apoptotic cell number and the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in JB6 cells induced by Ni NPs. Furthermore, we observed that EGCG could down-regulate Ni NPs-induced activator protein-1 (AP-1) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation in JB6 cells, which has been shown to play pivotal roles in tumor initiation, promotion and progression. Western blot indicated that EGCG could alleviate the toxicity of Ni NPs through regulating protein changes in MAPK signaling pathways. In summary, our results suggest that careful evaluation on the potential health effects of Ni NPs is necessary before being widely used in the field of nanomedicine. Inhibition of EGCG on Ni NPs-induced cytotoxicity in JB6 cells may be through the MAPK signaling pathways suggesting that EGCG might be useful in preventing the toxicity of Ni NPs. PMID:26943640

  1. Development of Monopole Interaction Models for Ionic Compounds. Part I: Estimation of Aqueous Henrys Law Constants for Ions and Gas Phase pKa Values for Acidic Compounds

    EPA Science Inventory

    The SPARC (SPARC Performs Automated Reasoning in Chemistry) physicochemical mechanistic models for neutral compounds have been extended to estimate Henrys Law Constant (HLC) for charged species by incorporating ionic electrostatic interaction models. Combinations of absolute aq...

  2. La lisibilite: Essai d'application de la formule courte 'Henry au francais langue etrangere (Readability: Trial Application of Henry's Short Formula to French as a Foreign Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornaire, Claudette Marie

    1988-01-01

    Two studies performed in secondary schools and at the University of Ottawa investigated the usefulness of Georges Henry's 1975 short readability formula, designed specifically for French, for evaluating instructional texts. (MSE)

  3. From Classrooms to Careers: The Senior Mastery Process at Henry Ford Academy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parizek, Deborah; Kesavan, Sandy

    The Henry Ford Academy is the nations first charter school developed jointly by a global corporation, public education, and a non-profit cultural institution. The Senior Mastery Process at Henry Ford Academy is an innovative, challenging program of career exploration and research project for high school seniors. Beginning with initial job

  4. 77 FR 71190 - Henry County, Iowa; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and Soliciting...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Henry County, Iowa; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and Soliciting Comments, Motions To Intervene, and Competing Applications On October 3, 2012, Henry County, Iowa, filed an application...

  5. A Henry's Law Test for Experimental Partitioning Studies of Iron Meteorites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chabot, N. L.; Campbell, A. J.; Humayun, M.; Agee, C. B.

    2001-01-01

    Low-level doped solid metal/liquid metal experiments analyzed by laser ablation ICP-MS allow Henry's Law to be tested. The results indicate Henry's Law is obeyed and the experimental partition coefficients can be applied to iron meteorites. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

  6. 33 CFR 80.515 - Cape Henry, VA to Cape Hatteras, NC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Cape Henry, VA to Cape Hatteras, NC. 80.515 Section 80.515 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Fifth District 80.515 Cape Henry, VA...

  7. 33 CFR 80.515 - Cape Henry, VA to Cape Hatteras, NC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cape Henry, VA to Cape Hatteras, NC. 80.515 Section 80.515 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Fifth District 80.515 Cape Henry, VA...

  8. 76 FR 63906 - Henry Gordy International, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-14

    ... Agreement with Henry Gordy International, Inc., containing a civil penalty of $1,100,000.00. DATES: Any.... Henry Gordy received its first report of a death involving a Target Set on or about May 1, 2006, after an 8-year-old boy choked on a dart and died on March 9, 2006. 8. In response to the death reported...

  9. 1787 and 1776: Patrick Henry, James Madison, and the Revolutionary Legitimacy of the Constitution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banning, Lance

    1988-01-01

    Discusses Patrick Henry's and James Madison's opinions on how the U.S. Constitution should be constructed. Describes how Henry introduced a set of substantive objections which were shared by Antifederalists throughout the country and persuaded many Revolutionaries that the Constitution was essentially at odds with the principles of 1776. (BSR)

  10. Estimation of Henry's Law Constant for a Diverse Set of Organic Compounds from Molecular Structure

    EPA Science Inventory

    The SPARC (SPARC Performs Automated Reasoning in Chemistry) vapor pressure and activity coefficient models were coupled to estimate Henrys Law Constant (HLC) in water and in hexadecane for a wide range of non-polar and polar organic compounds without modification or additional p...

  11. 78 FR 34428 - Missouri Central Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Cass, Henry, Johnson, and Pettis...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Missouri Central Railroad Company--Abandonment Exemption--in Cass, Henry... Cass, Henry, Johnson, and Pettis Counties, MO Missouri Central Railroad Company (MCRR) and...

  12. SN 2008jb: A 'LOST' CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVA IN A STAR-FORMING DWARF GALAXY AT {approx}10 Mpc

    SciTech Connect

    Prieto, J. L.; Lee, J. C.; Drake, A. J.; Djorgovski, S. G.; McNaught, R.; Garradd, G.; Beacom, J. F.; Beshore, E.; Catelan, M.; Pojmanski, G.; Stanek, K. Z.; Szczygiel, D. M.

    2012-01-20

    We present the discovery and follow-up observations of SN 2008jb, a core-collapse supernova in the southern dwarf irregular galaxy ESO 302-14 (M{sub B} = -15.3 mag) at 9.6 Mpc. This nearby transient was missed by galaxy-targeted surveys and was only found in archival optical images obtained by the Catalina Real-time Transient Survey and the All-Sky Automated Survey. The well-sampled archival photometry shows that SN 2008jb was detected shortly after explosion and reached a bright optical maximum, V{sub max} {approx_equal} 13.6 mag (M{sub V,max} {approx_equal} -16.5). The shape of the light curve shows a plateau of {approx}100 days, followed by a drop of {approx}1.4 mag in the V band to a slow decline with an approximate {sup 56}Co decay slope. The late-time light curve is consistent with 0.04 {+-} 0.01 M{sub Sun} of {sup 56}Ni synthesized in the explosion. A spectrum of the supernova obtained two years after explosion shows a broad, boxy H{alpha} emission line, which is unusual for normal Type II-Plateau supernovae at late times. We detect the supernova in archival Spitzer and WISE images obtained 8-14 months after explosion, which show clear signs of warm (600-700 K) dust emission. The dwarf irregular host galaxy, ESO 302-14, has a low gas-phase oxygen abundance, 12 + log(O/H) = 8.2 ({approx}1/5 Z{sub Sun }), similar to those of the Small Magellanic Cloud and the hosts of long gamma-ray bursts and luminous core-collapse supernovae. This metallicity is one of the lowest among local ({approx}< 10 Mpc) supernova hosts. We study the host environment using GALEX far-UV, R-band, and H{alpha} images and find that the supernova occurred in a large star formation complex. The morphology of the H{alpha} emission appears as a large shell (R {approx_equal} 350 pc) surrounding the FUV and optical emission. Using the H{alpha}-to-FUV ratio and FUV and R-band luminosities, we estimate an age of {approx}9 Myr and a total mass of {approx}2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} M{sub Sun} for the star formation complex, assuming a single-age starburst. These properties are consistent with the expanding H{alpha} supershells observed in many well-studied nearby dwarf galaxies, which are tell-tale signs of feedback from the cumulative effect of massive star winds and supernovae. The age estimated for the star-forming region where SN 2008jb exploded suggests a relatively high-mass progenitor star with an initial mass M {approx} 20 M{sub Sun} and warrants further study. We discuss the implications of these findings in the study of core-collapse supernova progenitors.

  13. Temperature Dependence of Henrys Law Constant for Hydrogen Cyanide. Generation of Trace Standard Gaseous Hydrogen Cyanide

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Jian; Blackledge, William; Boss, Gerry R.

    2010-01-01

    Primary data for the temperature dependent solubility of HCN in water do not presently exist for low concentrations of HCN at environmentally or physiologically relevant temperatures. Henrys Law constant (KH, M/atm) for the vapor-solution equilibrium of HCN was determined in 0.1 M sodium phosphate buffer (adjusted to pH 9.000.03 at 296.60.1 K) from 287311 K. Stable gas phase concentrations of HCN are generated by established techniques, via air equilibration of aqueous cyanide partitioned by a microporous membrane. The effluent gaseous HCN, in equilibrium with the constant temperature aqueous cyanide, was collected in dilute NaOH and determined by a spectrophotometrically using cobinamide. The KH of HCN may be expressed as ln KH (M/atm) = (8205.7341.9)/T ? (25.3231.144); r2 = 0.9914) where T is the absolute temperature in K. This corresponds to 9.02 and 3.00 M/atm at 25 and 37.4 C, respectively, compared to actual measurements of 9.86 and 3.22 at 25.0 and 37.8 C, respectively. The technique also allows for convenient generation of trace levels of HCN at ppbv-ppmv levels that can be further diluted. PMID:20302333

  14. 78 FR 46412 - Norfolk Southern Railway Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Henry County, Ind.; C&NC Railroad...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-31

    ... Surface Transportation Board Norfolk Southern Railway Company--Abandonment Exemption--in Henry County, Ind.; C&NC Railroad Corporation--Discontinuance of Service Exemption--in Henry County, IN. Norfolk... of non- contiguous rail line segments in New Castle, in Henry County, Ind., as follows:...

  15. Dicke superradiance as a nondestructive probe for quantum quenches in optical lattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    ten Brinke, Nicolai; Schtzhold, Ralf

    2015-07-01

    We study Dicke superradiance as collective and coherent absorption and (time-delayed) emission of photons from an ensemble of ultracold atoms in an optical lattice. Since this process depends on the coherence properties of the atoms (e.g., superfluidity), it can be used as a probe for their quantum state. In analogy to pump-probe spectroscopy in solid-state physics, this detection method facilitates the investigation of nonequilibrium phenomena and is less invasive than time-of-flight experiments or direct (projective) measurements of the atom number (or parity) per lattice site, which both destroy properties of the quantum state such as phase coherence.

  16. Observation of a Superradiant Mott Insulator in the Dicke-Hubbard Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klinder, J.; Keler, H.; Bakhtiari, M. Reza; Thorwart, M.; Hemmerich, A.

    2015-12-01

    It is well known that the bosonic Hubbard model possesses a Mott insulator phase. Likewise, it is known that the Dicke model exhibits a self-organized superradiant phase. By implementing an optical lattice inside of a high-finesse optical cavity, both models are merged such that an extended Hubbard model with cavity-mediated infinite range interactions arises. In addition to a normal superfluid phase, two superradiant phases are found, one of them coherent and hence superfluid and one incoherent Mott insulating.

  17. Dick Mol. 'Sir Mammoth' leads charge to uncover Ice Age fossils.

    PubMed

    Stone, R

    2000-12-15

    Dick Mol may be an amateur, but he's had more success than most professionals in his chosen field of paleontology. As scientific coordinator of a major expedition that's gathering the remains of woolly mammoths and other Pleistocene fauna from Siberia's Taimyr Peninsula, this 45-year-old customs officer at Amsterdam airport has been featured in a documentary on the Discovery Channel and in a sequel to appear next March. The work has brought him international recognition for his studies on quaternary paleontology, the study of the Pleistocene and today's Holocene Epochs. PMID:11187828

  18. Propagation of quantum particles in Brans-Dicke spacetime: The case of gamma ray bursts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Capozziello, Salvatore; Lambiase, Gaetano

    2015-06-01

    The propagation of boson particles in a gravitational field described by the Brans-Dicke (BD) theory of gravity is analyzed. We derive the wave function of the scalar particles, and the effective potential experienced by the quantum particles considering the role of the varying gravitational coupling. Besides, we calculate the probability to find the scalar particles near the region where a naked singularity is present. The extremely high energy radiated in such a situation could account for the huge emitted power observed in gamma ray bursts (GRBs).

  19. Attractors, statefinders and observational measurement for chameleonic Brans-Dicke cosmology

    SciTech Connect

    Farajollahi, Hossein; Salehi, Amin E-mail: a.salehi@guilan.ac.ir

    2010-11-01

    We investigate chameleonic Brans-Dicke model applied to the FRW universes. A framework to study stability and attractor solutions in the phase space is developed for the model. We show that depending on the matter field and stability conditions, it is possible to realize phantom-like behavior without introducing phantom filed in the model while the stability is fulfilled and phantom crossing occurs. The statefinder parameters to the model for different kinds of matter interacting with the chameleon scalar field are studied. We also compare our model with present day observations.

  20. Inflationary phase in Brans-Dicke cosmology with a cosmological constant

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berman, Marcelo Samuel

    1989-12-01

    It has been shown earlier that, for a perfect fluid, a perfect gas law of state, and the Robertson-Walker metric, an exponential phase in Brans-Dicke cosmology is possible, with both positive pressure and density, but not with the violated energy condition p = -ρ. We demonstrate in this paper that the inclusion of a cosmological constant into the theory does not change that picture. Permanent address: Departamento de Ciencias Exatas da Faculdade de Filosofia, Ceincias e Letras da FURJ, Joinville, SC 89200, Brazil.

  1. Large-N scaling behavior of the quantum fisher information in the Dicke model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Yu-Yu; Chen, Xiang-You

    2015-11-01

    Quantum Fisher information (QFI) of the reduced two-atom state is employed to capture the quantum criticality of the superradiant phase transition in the Dicke model in the infinite size and finite- N systems respectively. The analytical expression of the QFI of its ground state is evaluated explicitly. And finite-size scaling analysis is performed with the large accessible system size due to the effective bosonic coherent-state technique. We also investigate the large-size scaling behavior of the scaled QFI of the reduced N-atom state and show the accurate exponent.

  2. Large-N scaling behavior of the quantum fisher information in the Dicke model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Yu-Yu; Chen, Xiang-You

    2015-11-01

    Quantum Fisher information (QFI) of the reduced two-atom state is employed to capture the quantum criticality of the superradiant phase transition in the Dicke model in the infinite size and finite-N systems respectively. The analytical expression of the QFI of its ground state is evaluated explicitly. And finite-size scaling analysis is performed with the large accessible system size due to the effective bosonic coherent-state technique. We also investigate the large-size scaling behavior of the scaled QFI of the reduced N-atom state and show the accurate exponent.

  3. Observation of a Superradiant Mott Insulator in the Dicke-Hubbard Model.

    PubMed

    Klinder, J; Keler, H; Bakhtiari, M Reza; Thorwart, M; Hemmerich, A

    2015-12-01

    It is well known that the bosonic Hubbard model possesses a Mott insulator phase. Likewise, it is known that the Dicke model exhibits a self-organized superradiant phase. By implementing an optical lattice inside of a high-finesse optical cavity, both models are merged such that an extended Hubbard model with cavity-mediated infinite range interactions arises. In addition to a normal superfluid phase, two superradiant phases are found, one of them coherent and hence superfluid and one incoherent Mott insulating. PMID:26684102

  4. Behaviour of Brans-Dicke parameter in generalised chameleon cosmology with Kantowski-Sachs space-time

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Satish, J.; Venkateswarlu, R.

    2014-12-01

    In this paper we consider chameleonic generalized Brans-Dicke cosmology in the framework of Kantwoski-Sacks universes. We investigate the time dependence of the Brans-Dicke parameter ?( t) for an expanding Universe, and obtain an explicit dependence of ?( t) in different expansion phases of the Universe. Here we take the power law form of the scale factor. The behaviour of ?( t) is studied for matter-dominated, vacuum-energy-dominated universe, radiation-dominated and mass-less scalar-field-dominated era. It is also proposed to study the nature of the deceleration parameter.

  5. Antitumor-promoting constituents from Chaenomeles sinensis KOEHNE and their activities in JB6 mouse epidermal cells.

    PubMed

    Gao, Huiyuan; Wu, Lijun; Kuroyanagi, Masanori; Harada, Kazunori; Kawahara, Nobuo; Nakane, Takahisa; Umehara, Kaoru; Hirasawa, Ayako; Nakamura, Yoshiyuki

    2003-11-01

    Primary screening of antitumor-promoting activity using soft agar colony assays with JB6 cells was employed to isolate 22 compounds from Chaenomeles sinensis KOEHNE. These compounds were lyoniresinol-2a-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranoside (1), lyoniresinol-2a-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2), aviculin (3), betulinic acid (4), betulin (5), 3-O-(E)-p-coumaroylbetulin (6), 3-O-(E)-caffeoylbetulin (7), 3-O-(Z)-p-coumaroylbetulin (8), 3-O-(E)-caffeoyllupeol (9), alphitolic acid (10), sorbikortal II (11), tormentic acid (12), euscaphic acid (13), corosolic acid (14), maslinic acid (15), erythrodiol (16), 1-beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy-3,4,5-trimethoxybenzene (17), avicularin (18), 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranosylkaempferol (19), 5-O-beta-D-glucopyranosylgenistein (20), 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranosylgenistein (21), epicatechin (22), and beta-sitosterol (23) and were identified using spectral data such as MS, (1)H- and (13)C-NMR. Compound 1, having a rhamnosyl group, showed greater activity than 2, having a glucosyl group, and 3, which was a bis-demethoxy derivative of 1. Betulinic acid (4), having a C-28 carboxyl group, 3-O-(E)-caffeoylbetulin (7), and tormentic acid (12) showed more potent activity than betulin (5), which has a C-28 hydroxymethyl group. PMID:14600382

  6. Characterization of Sphingomonas sp. JB13 exo-inulinase: a novel detergent-, salt-, and protease-tolerant exo-inulinase.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Junpei; Peng, Mozhen; Zhang, Rui; Li, Junjun; Tang, Xianghua; Xu, Bo; Ding, Junmei; Gao, Yajie; Ren, Junrong; Huang, Zunxi

    2015-03-01

    A glycoside hydrolase family 32 exo-inulinase gene was cloned from Sphingomonas sp. JB13 and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). The purified recombinant enzyme (rInuAJB13) showed an apparently optimal activity at pH 5.5 and 55 °C and remained activity at 10-70 °C. The addition of most metal ions and chemical reagents showed little or no effect (retaining more than 76.5 % activity) on the enzyme activity, notably the addition of surfactants SDS, CTAB, Tween 80, and Triton X-100. Most local liquid detergents, including Balin, Walch, Ariel, Tide, Tupperware, and Bluemoon, also showed little or no effect (retaining more than 77.8 % activity) on the enzyme activity. rInuAJB13 exhibited 135.3-163.6 % activity at the NaCl concentration of 1.0-4.5 M. After incubation with up to 57.0 mg mL(-1) trypsin and 90.0 mg mL(-1) proteinase K at 37 °C for 60 min (pH 7.2), rInuAJB13 retained more than 80 % of its initial activity. The enzyme presents a high proportion (28.0 %) of amino acid residues G, A, and V. This paper is the first to report a detergent-, salt-, and protease-tolerant exo-inulinase. PMID:25575614

  7. Scientific Biography of Henri Bnard (1874-1939)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wesfreid, Jos Eduardo

    Henri Claude Bnard was born at Lieurey, a small French village in the region of Eure, in Normandy, on October 25 th , 1874. He was the only son of Felix A. Bnard (1851-1884) and Hlne M. Mangeant (1837-1901) [1-3]. His father was a small investor, who died very young. H. Bnard finished elementary school in the district of Lisieux and in Caen, nearby his birthplace, and moved to Paris to continue his studies at the Lyce Louis le Grand, one of the best high schools in France. In 1894, he succeeded in the highly competitive entrance examinations to the prestigious Ecole Normale Suprieure in Paris1. Indeed, this year, 17 students were selected from 307 candidates in the sciences section and 25 from 205 candidates in the humanities section [4].

  8. Transcriptomic Response to Nitric Oxide Treatment in Larix olgensis Henry.

    PubMed

    Hu, Xiaoqing; Yang, Jingli; Li, Chenghao

    2015-01-01

    Larix olgensis Henry is an important coniferous species found in plantation forests in northeastern China, but it is vulnerable to pathogens. Nitric oxide (NO) is an important molecule involved in plant resistance to pathogens. To study the regulatory role of NO at the transcriptional level, we characterized the transcriptomic response of L. olgensis seedlings to sodium nitroprusside (SNP, NO donor) using Illumina sequencing and de novo transcriptome assembly. A significant number of putative metabolic pathways and functions associated with the unique sequences were identified. Genes related to plant pathogen infection (FLS2, WRKY33, MAPKKK, and PR1) were upregulated with SNP treatment. This report describes the potential contribution of NO to disease resistance in L. olgensis as induced by biotic stress. Our results provide a substantial contribution to the genomic and transcriptomic resources for L. olgensis, as well as expanding our understanding of the involvement of NO in defense responses at the transcriptional level. PMID:26633380

  9. Henry More and the development of absolute time.

    PubMed

    Thomas, Emily

    2015-12-01

    This paper explores the nature, development and influence of the first English account of absolute time, put forward in the mid-seventeenth century by the 'Cambridge Platonist' Henry More. Against claims in the literature that More does not have an account of time, this paper sets out More's evolving account and shows that it reveals the lasting influence of Plotinus. Further, this paper argues that More developed his views on time in response to his adoption of Descartes' vortex cosmology and cosmogony, providing new evidence of More's wider project to absorb Cartesian natural philosophy into his Platonic metaphysics. Finally, this paper argues that More should be added to the list of sources that later English thinkers - including Newton and Samuel Clarke - drew on in constructing their absolute accounts of time. PMID:26568082

  10. Henry Cavendish and the density of the earth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lally, Sean P.

    1999-01-01

    From the fall of 1797 through the spring of 1798, Henry Cavendish performed a series of experiments, which now bear his name, that were aimed at determining the density of Earth. While Cavendish is rightfully considered a brilliant experimenter by many historians, he is often credited (in both popular and historical literature) as the scientist who first accurately weighed the Earth and determined the universal constant of gravitation, G. While the universal constant of gravitation and the mass (or weight) of the Earth can indeed be calculated from the density of the Earth, this was neither Cavendish's result nor his intent in writing "Experiments to Determine the Density of the Earth." Rather, Cavendish's interest lies in solving an eighteenth-century dispute: what is the mean density of the Earth?

  11. Transcriptomic Response to Nitric Oxide Treatment in Larix olgensis Henry

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Xiaoqing; Yang, Jingli; Li, Chenghao

    2015-01-01

    Larix olgensis Henry is an important coniferous species found in plantation forests in northeastern China, but it is vulnerable to pathogens. Nitric oxide (NO) is an important molecule involved in plant resistance to pathogens. To study the regulatory role of NO at the transcriptional level, we characterized the transcriptomic response of L. olgensis seedlings to sodium nitroprusside (SNP, NO donor) using Illumina sequencing and de novo transcriptome assembly. A significant number of putative metabolic pathways and functions associated with the unique sequences were identified. Genes related to plant pathogen infection (FLS2, WRKY33, MAPKKK, and PR1) were upregulated with SNP treatment. This report describes the potential contribution of NO to disease resistance in L. olgensis as induced by biotic stress. Our results provide a substantial contribution to the genomic and transcriptomic resources for L. olgensis, as well as expanding our understanding of the involvement of NO in defense responses at the transcriptional level. PMID:26633380

  12. Emily Dickinson's ophthalmic consultation with Henry Willard Williams, MD.

    PubMed

    Blanchard, Donald L

    2012-12-01

    Emily Dickinson is one of America's premier poets of the 19th century. Henry Willard Williams, MD, was one of the very first physicians to limit his practice to ophthalmology and was the established leader in his field in Boston, Massachusetts. They met during the time of the Civil War, when Emily consulted him about her ophthalmic disorder. No records of the diagnosis survive. Photophobia, aching eyes, and a restriction in her ability to work up close were her main symptoms. Iritis, exotropia, or psychiatric problems are the most frequent diagnoses offered to explain her difficulties. Rather than attempt a definitive conclusion, this article will offer an additional possibility that Dr Williams likely considered (ie, hysterical hyperaesthesia of the retina). This was a common diagnosis at that time, although it has currently faded from use. PMID:23229703

  13. Henry's law constants of diacids and hydroxy polyacids: recommended values

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Compernolle, S.; Mller, J.-F.

    2014-03-01

    In spite of the importance of diacids and functionalised diacids for organic aerosol formation through aqueous-phase processes in droplets and aerosol water, there seems to be no reliable set of experimental values for their Henry's law constants (HLCs). We show that their estimation through the use of infinite dilution activity coefficients is also prone to error. Here we present HLC values for diacids and hydroxy polyacids determined from solubilities, water activities and vapour pressures of solids or solutions, by employing thermodynamic relationships. The vapour pressures are found to be the largest source of error, but the analysis of the obtained HLC points to inconsistencies among specific vapour pressure data sets. Although there is considerable uncertainty, the HLC defined as aqueous concentration per unit gaseous partial pressure of linear ?- and ?-diacids appear to be higher than estimated by the often cited review work of Saxena and Hildemann (1996).

  14. Henry's law constants of diacids and hydroxypolyacids: recommended values

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Compernolle, S.; Mller, J.-F.

    2013-09-01

    In spite of the importance of diacids and functionalised diacids for organic aerosol formation through aqueous-phase processes in droplets and aerosol water, there seems to be no reliable set of experimental values for their Henry's law constants (HLC). We show that their estimation through the use of infinite dilution activity coefficients is also prone to error. Here we present HLC values for diacids and hydroxy polyacids determined from solubilities, water activities and vapour pressures of solids or solutions, by employing thermodynamic relationships. The vapour pressures are found to be the largest source of error, but the analysis of the obtained HLC points to inconsistencies among specific vapour pressure data sets. Although there is considerable uncertainty, the HLC of diacids appear to be higher than estimated by the often cited review work of Saxena and Hildemann (1996).

  15. W.E. Henry Symposium compendium: The importance of magnetism in physics and material science

    SciTech Connect

    Carwell, H.

    1997-09-19

    This compendium contains papers presented at the W. E. Henry Symposium, The Importance of Magnetism in Physics and Material Science. The one-day symposium was conducted to recognize the achievements of Dr. Warren Elliot Henry as educator, scientist, and inventor in a career spanning almost 70 years. Dr. Henry, who is 88 years old, attended the symposium. Nobel Laureate, Dr. Glenn Seaborg, a friend and colleague for over 40 years, attended the event and shared his personal reminiscences. Dr. Seaborg is Associate Director-At-Large at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The Compendium begins with three papers which demonstrate the ongoing importance of magnetism in physics and material science. Other contributions cover the highlights of Dr. Henry`s career as a researcher, educator, and inventor. Colleagues and former students share insights on the impact of Dr. Henry`s research in the field of magnetism, low temperature physics, and solid state physics; his influence on students as an educator; and his character, intellect and ingenuity, and passion for learning and teaching. They share a glimpse of the environment and times that molded him as a man, and the circumstances under which he made his great achievements despite the many challenges he faced.

  16. Interacting new agegraphic dark energy in nonflat Brans-Dicke cosmology

    SciTech Connect

    Sheykhi, Ahmad

    2010-01-15

    We construct a cosmological model of late acceleration based on the new agegraphic dark energy model in the framework of Brans-Dicke cosmology where the new agegraphic energy density {rho}{sub D}=3n{sup 2}m{sub p}{sup 2}/{eta}{sup 2} is replaced with {rho}{sub D}=3n{sup 2{phi}2}/(4{omega}{eta}{sup 2}). We show that the combination of the Brans-Dicke field and agegraphic dark energy can accommodate a w{sub D}=-1 crossing for the equation of state of noninteracting dark energy. When an interaction between dark energy and dark matter is taken into account, the transition of w{sub D} to the phantom regime can be more easily accounted for than when we resort to the Einstein field equations. In the limiting case {alpha}=0 ({omega}{yields}{infinity}), all previous results of the new agegraphic dark energy in Einstein gravity are restored.

  17. BoseEinstein condensation versus DickeHeppLieb transition in an optical cavity

    SciTech Connect

    Piazza, Francesco; Strack, Philipp; Zwerger, Wilhelm

    2013-12-15

    We provide an exact solution for the interplay between BoseEinstein condensation and the DickeHeppLieb self-organization transition of an ideal Bose gas trapped inside a single-mode optical cavity and subject to a transverse laser drive. Based on an effective action approach, we determine the full phase diagram at arbitrary temperature, which features a bi-critical point where the transitions cross. We calculate the dynamically generated band structure of the atoms and the associated suppression of the critical temperature for BoseEinstein condensation in the phase with a spontaneous periodic density modulation. Moreover, we determine the evolution of the polariton spectrum due to the coupling of the cavity photons and the atomic field near the self-organization transition, which is quite different above or below the BoseEinstein condensation temperature. At low temperatures, the critical value of the DickeHeppLieb transition decreases with temperature and thus thermal fluctuations can enhance the tendency to a periodic arrangement of the atoms. -- Highlights: Atoms inside a driven cavity can undergo two transitions: self-organization and BEC. The phase diagram has four phases which coexist at a bi-critical point. Atomcavity coupling creates a dynamical lattice for the atoms. Finite temperature can enhance the tendency towards self-organization. We calculate the detailed spectrum of the polaritonic excitations.

  18. Acoustics and its relation to language: The influence of Dick Bolt

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stevens, Kenneth N.

    2003-04-01

    Under the mentoring of Dick Bolt, and the stimulation he provided in the Acoustics Laboratory at MIT, many students were exposed to a range of topics in acoustics, including mechanisms of sound generation, radiation, and propagation, noise control, acoustics of resonators and rooms, human responses to sound, and speech perception under various adverse conditions. As someone who became interested in speech communication, I have recognized that this kind of quantitative background in acoustics is an important requirement for developing models of how humans produce speech, how they perceive and understand speech, and how children acquire these skills. Speech production involves sound sources produced by a nonlinear mechanical system and by noise arising from turbulent airflow. Sound is propagated in a vocal tract with yielding walls, and acoustic coupling is introduced by lossy resonators attached to the vocal tract, including the trachea and the nasal cavity. These acoustic principles of sound generation create an inventory of sound types that give rise to distinctive responses in the ears and brains of listeners. The solid grounding in acoustics provided by Dick Bolt and his leadership have helped in the formation of this linkage between acoustics, speech physiology, linguistics, and human perception.

  19. Stellar explosion in the weak field approximation of the Brans Dicke theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hamity, Victor H.; Barraco, Daniel E.

    2005-10-01

    We treat a very crude model of an exploding star, in the weak field approximation of the Brans Dicke theory, in a scenario that resembles some characteristic data of a type Ia supernova. The most noticeable feature, in the electromagnetic component, is the relationship between the absolute magnitude at maximum brightness of the star and the decline rate in one magnitude from that maximum. This characteristic has become one of the most accurate methods to measure luminosity distances to objects at cosmological distances (Phillips M M 1993 Astrophys. J. 413 L105; see www.all-science-fair-projects.com/science_fair_projects_encyclopedia/Supernova, for a brief description of supernovae types). An interesting result is that the active mass associated with the scalar field is totally radiated to infinity, representing a mass loss in the ratio of the 'tensor' component to the scalar component of 1 to (2? + 3) (? is the Brans Dicke parameter), in agreement with a general result of Hawking (1972 Commun. Math. Phys. 25 167). Then, this model shows explicitly, in a dynamical case, the mechanism of the radiation of a scalar field, which is necessary to understand the Hawking result.

  20. Bianchi type I Universe and instability of new agegraphic dark energy in Brans-Dicke theories

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fayaz, V.

    2016-02-01

    In this paper, we consider the new agegraphic dark energy (NADE) in a Bianchi type-I metric (which is a spatially homogeneous and anisotropic) in the framework of Brans-Dicke theory. For this purpose, we use the squared sound speed vs2 whose sign determines the stability of the model. We explore the stability of this model in the presence/absence of interaction between dark energy and dark matter in both flat and non-isotropic geometry. The equation of state and the deceleration parameter of the new agegraphic dark energy in a anisotropic Universe is obtained. We show that the combination of Brans-Dicke field and new agegraphic dark energy can accommodate ω_{\\varLambda}=-1 crossing for the equation of state of noninteracting dark energy. When an interaction between dark energy and dark matter is taken into account, the transition of ω_{\\varLambda} to phantom regime can be more easily accounted when the Einstein field equations is being resort. In conclusion, we find evidences that the new agegraphic dark energy in BD theory can not lead to a stable Universe favored by observations at the present time. The anisotropy of the Universe decreases and the Universe transits to an isotropic flat FRW Universe accommodating the present acceleration.

  1. Spherically symmetric thin shells in Brans-Dicke theory of gravity

    SciTech Connect

    Letelier, P.S.; Wang, A. )

    1993-07-15

    The dynamics of spherically symmetric thin shells (or bubbles) is studied in the framework of the Brans-Dicke theory of gravity, using the Newman-Penrose formalism. The Brans-Dicke (BD) gravitational field equations on the bubble wall are given explicitly in terms of the discontinuities of the metric coefficients and the BD scalar field. Consequently, once the space-time geometry outside of the wall is given, these equations, together with the equation of state of the wall, uniquely determine the motion of the bubble. Using the generalized'' Bianchi identities, the interaction of a bubble with gravitational and matter fields is investigated. In particular, it is found that a bubble does not interact with an electromagnetic field, but it does with a scalar field or a fluid. The attraction and repulsion of a bubble are also studied. Exact solutions are constructed, and it is found that some of these solutions represent wormholes. However, these wormholes are different from the ones in Einstein's theory of gravity, in the sense that the throats of the wormholes are not necessarily built with exotic'' matter.

  2. Cosmological constraints on ghost dark energy in the Brans-Dicke theory by using MCMC approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alavirad, Hamzeh; Sheykhi, Ahmad

    2014-06-01

    By using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation, we investigate cosmological constraints on the ghost dark energy (GDE) model in the framework of the Brans-Dicke (BD) theory. A combination of the latest observational data of the cosmic microwave background radiation data from seven-year WMAP, the baryon acoustic oscillation data form the SDSS, the supernovae type Ia data from the Union2 and the X-ray gas mass fraction data from the Chandra X-ray observations of the largest relaxed galaxy clusters are used to perform constraints on GDE in the BD cosmology. In this paper, we consider both flat and non-flat universes together with interaction between dark matter and dark energy. The main cosmological parameters are obtained as: ?bh2=0.0223-0.0013+0.0016, ?ch2=0.1149-0.0104+0.0088 and ?k=0.0005-0.0073+0.0025. In addition, the Brans-Dicke parameter ? is estimated as 1/??0.002.

  3. [Henri Moissn, first French Nobel prize winner in chemistry: the man, the picture collector].

    PubMed

    Viel, C

    1999-03-01

    Born in Paris in September 1852, Henri Moisson died in February 1907, two months after receiving the Nobel prize for chemistry. After a short schooling at Meaux college, he was destined to be a clock maker. He owes his vocation for chemistry to Jules Plicque, a chemist and friend at the college. Henri Moisson attended Fremy's school of chemistry at the Paris Natural History Museum and undertook pharmaceutical studies. In this presentation, we take a look at Henri Moissan's child-hood and teenage years, his scientific education and offer a glimpse of the man and the picture collector. PMID:10365464

  4. c-Jun/AP-1 pathway-mediated cyclin D1 expression participates in low dose arsenite-induced transformation in mouse epidermal JB6 Cl41 cells

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang Dongyun; Li Jingxia; Gao Jimin; Huang Chuanshu

    2009-02-15

    Arsenic is a well-documented human carcinogen associated with skin carcinogenesis. Our previous work reveals that arsenite exposure is able to induce cell transformation in mouse epidermal cell JB6 Cl41 through the activation of ERK, rather than JNK pathway. Our current studies further evaluate downstream pathway in low dose arsenite-induced cell transformation in JB6 Cl41 cells. Our results showed that treatment of cells with low dose arsenite induced activation of c-Jun/AP-1 pathway, and ectopic expression of dominant negative mutant of c-Jun (TAM67) blocked arsenite-induced transformation. Furthermore, our data indicated that cyclin D1 was an important downstream molecule involved in c-Jun/AP-1-mediated cell transformation upon low dose arsenite exposure, because inhibition of cyclin D1 expression by its specific siRNA in the JB6 Cl41 cells resulted in impairment of anchorage-independent growth of cells induced by low dose arsenite. Collectively, our results demonstrate that c-Jun/AP-1-mediated cyclin D1 expression is at least one of the key events implicated in cell transformation upon low dose arsenite exposure.

  5. Three-dimensional pin-to-pin analyses of VVER-440 cores by the MOBY-DICK code

    SciTech Connect

    Lehmann, M.; Mikolas, P.

    1994-12-31

    Nuclear design for the Dukovany (EDU) VVER-440s nuclear power plant is routinely performed by the MOBY-DICK system. After its implementation on Hewlett Packard series 700 workstations, it is able to perform routinely three-dimensional pin-to-pin core analyses. For purposes of code validation, the benchmark prepared from EDU operational data was solved.

  6. More Than Two Sides to Every Coin: Using Melville's "Moby Dick" to Teach Objective and Subjective Description.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drake, David B.

    1995-01-01

    Explains a descriptive analysis exercise based on Chapter 99 of "Moby Dick." Notes that students are given a description of a coin, asked to draw the coin, and then freewrite about what they and their classmates have drawn. States that the exercise is intended to illustrate the relationship between objective and subjective description. (PA)

  7. Controlling instability and phase hops of a kicked two-level ion in Lamb-Dicke regime

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Hao; Tan, Jintao; Hai, Kuo; Zhang, Xili; Hai, Wenhua

    2015-12-01

    Nonlinearity and singularity lead to lack of quantum exact solution of a kicked rotor. We here study quantum motion of a laser-kicked two-level ion in the Lamb-Dicke regime and obtain a set of exact solutions of the generalized coherent states. A new stability region of parameter space where classical stability criterion fully agrees with fidelity treatment of quantum ground-state stability is found, which unusually contains the resonance frequency for a weak kick and the larger kick strength for a far-off-resonance frequency. When the field parameters in the stability region are applied, the ion's wave-packet trains continuously oscillate in the Lamb-Dicke regime, while for the parameters in the instability region, they collapse and spread to far away from the Lamb-Dicke regime, resulting in the crossover from linearity to nonlinearity. Meanwhile the laser kicks bring hopping phases of the exact solutions, and lead to stable or unstable hops of the expected momentum and energy. The exact results provide a transparent scheme for using periodic kicks with wider parameter region to localize ions in the Lamb-Dicke regime and for suppressing the instability-induced decoherence in laser-ion interactions, which can be observed in the existing experimental setups and possess potential applications.

  8. Gravitational collapse in Husain space-time for Brans-Dicke gravity theory with power-law potential

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rudra, Prabir; Biswas, Ritabrata; Debnath, Ujjal

    2014-12-01

    The motive of this work is to study gravitational collapse in Husain space-time in Brans-Dicke gravity theory. Among many scalar-tensor theories of gravity, Brans-Dicke is the simplest and the impact of it can be regulated by two parameters associated with it, namely, the Brans-Dicke parameter, ?, and the potential-scalar field dependency parameter n respectively. V. Husain's work on exact solution for null fluid collapse in 1996 has influenced many authors to follow his way to find the end-state of the homogeneous/inhomogeneous dust cloud. Vaidya's metric is used all over to follow the nature of future outgoing radial null geodesics. Detecting whether the central singularity is naked or wrapped by an event horizon, by the existence of future directed radial null geodesic emitted in past from the singularity is the basic objective. To point out the existence of positive trajectory tangent solution, both particular parametric cases (through tabular forms) and wide range contouring process have been applied. Precisely, perfect fluid's EoS satisfies a wide range of phenomena: from dust to exotic fluid like dark energy. We have used the EoS parameter k to determine the end state of collapse in different cosmological era. Our main target is to check low ? (more deviations from Einstein gravity-more Brans Dicke effect) and negative k zones. This particularly throws light on the nature of the end-state of collapse in accelerated expansion in Brans Dicke gravity. It is seen that for positive values of EoS parameter k, the collapse results in a black hole, whereas for negative values of k, naked singularity is the only outcome. It is also to be noted that "low ?" leads to the possibility of getting more naked singularities even for a non-accelerating universe.

  9. Did schizophrenia change the course of English history? The mental illness of Henry VI.

    PubMed

    Bark, Nigel

    2002-10-01

    Henry VI, King of England, at age 19 founded Eton College and King's College, Cambridge. At 31 he had a sudden, dramatic mental illness in which he was mute and unresponsive. Before, he had been paranoid, grandiose, and indecisive. After, he was apathetic with deterioration of ability, drive, interest and self-care, and hallucinations and religious delusions. This illness, which is consistent with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, robbed Henry of his personality, his crown, his wife, his only son, and his life. It led to three decades of brutal fighting for the crown (the 'Wars of the Roses') that resulted in a new dynasty with a dramatic impact on the country: the Tudors, Henry VIII, and Elizabeth I and their descendants. Henry's story illustrates how schizophrenia can devastate individuals and families and change the course of history and yet it raises questions about how achievement and illness are related. PMID:12208181

  10. HENRY'S FORK AND SNAKE RIVER BASIN, IDAHO - WATER QUALITY REPORT, 1973

    EPA Science Inventory

    Reported problems in the Henrys Fork and Snake River Basin (17040202, 17040203, 17040201) include bacteria levels exceeding water quality standards, dissolved oxygen standards violations, and excessive algal blooms resulting in aesthetic problems and contributing to DO depression...

  11. 78 FR 8682 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Henri Labrouste...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Henri Labrouste: Structure Brought to Light'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the...

  12. HABS DC,WASH,515A (sheet 2 of 4) Captain Henry Saunders ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    HABS DC,WASH,515A- (sheet 2 of 4) - Captain Henry Saunders House, Virginia Room, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution (moved from VA, Windsor vicinity, U.S. Route 460), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  13. HABS DC,WASH,515A (sheet 3 of 4) Captain Henry Saunders ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    HABS DC,WASH,515A- (sheet 3 of 4) - Captain Henry Saunders House, Virginia Room, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution (moved from VA, Windsor vicinity, U.S. Route 460), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  14. HABS DC,WASH,515A (sheet 1 of 4) Captain Henry Saunders ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    HABS DC,WASH,515A- (sheet 1 of 4) - Captain Henry Saunders House, Virginia Room, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution (moved from VA, Windsor vicinity, U.S. Route 460), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  15. HABS DC,WASH,515A (sheet 4 of 4) Captain Henry Saunders ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    HABS DC,WASH,515A- (sheet 4 of 4) - Captain Henry Saunders House, Virginia Room, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution (moved from VA, Windsor vicinity, U.S. Route 460), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  16. 46 CFR 7.55 - Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC. 7.55 Section 7.55 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO THE PUBLIC BOUNDARY LINES Atlantic Coast § 7.55 Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC. (a) A line drawn from Rudee Inlet Jetty Light “2”...

  17. 46 CFR 7.55 - Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC. 7.55 Section 7.55 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO THE PUBLIC BOUNDARY LINES Atlantic Coast § 7.55 Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC. (a) A line drawn from Rudee Inlet Jetty Light “2”...

  18. 46 CFR 7.55 - Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC. 7.55 Section 7.55 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO THE PUBLIC BOUNDARY LINES Atlantic Coast § 7.55 Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC. (a) A line drawn from Rudee Inlet Jetty Light “2”...

  19. 46 CFR 7.55 - Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC. 7.55 Section 7.55 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO THE PUBLIC BOUNDARY LINES Atlantic Coast § 7.55 Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC. (a) A line drawn from Rudee Inlet Jetty Light “2”...

  20. 46 CFR 7.55 - Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC. 7.55 Section 7.55 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO THE PUBLIC BOUNDARY LINES Atlantic Coast § 7.55 Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC. (a) A line drawn from Rudee Inlet Jetty Light “2”...

  1. Organocatalytic asymmetric assembly reactions for the syntheses of carbohydrate derivatives by intermolecular Michael-Henry reactions

    PubMed Central

    Uehara, Hisatoshi; Imashiro, Ritsuo; Hernndez-Torres, Gloria; Barbas, Carlos F.

    2010-01-01

    Given the significance of carbohydrates in life, medicine, and industry, the development of simple and efficient de novo methods to synthesize carbohydrates are highly desirable. Organocatalytic asymmetric assembly reactions are powerful tools to rapidly construct molecules with stereochemical complexity from simple precursors. Here, we present a simple and robust methodology for the asymmetric synthesis of pyranose derivatives with talo- and manno- configurations from simple achiral precursors through organocatalytic asymmetric intermolecular MichaelHenry reaction sequences. In this process, (tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)acetaldehyde 1 was successfully utilized in two ways: as a donor in a highly selective anti-Michael reaction and as an acceptor in a consecutive Henry reaction. Varied nitroolefins served as Michael acceptors and varied aldehydes substituted for 1 as Henry acceptors providing for the construction of a wide range of carbohydrates with up to 5 stereocenters. In these reactions, a catalyst-controlled Michael reaction followed by a substrate-controlled Henry reaction provided 3,4-dideoxytalose derivatives 6 in a highly stereoselective manner. The Henry reaction was affected by addition of a simple base such as triethylamine: A complex chiral base was not necessary. 3,4-Dideoxymannose derivatives 7 were produced by simply changing the base from triethylamine to 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene. Extension of this methodology to a syn-Michael initiated sequence was also successful. A mechanistic discussion is provided to explain the unusual substrate-induced stereoselectivity of the Henry reaction. PMID:20639468

  2. Enzyme-Catalyzed Henry Reaction in Choline Chloride-Based Deep Eutectic Solvents.

    PubMed

    Tian, Xuemei; Zhang, Suoqin; Zheng, Liangyu

    2016-01-28

    The enzyme-catalyzed Henry reaction was realized using deep eutectic solvents (DESs) as a reaction medium. The lipase from Aspergillus niger (lipase AS) showed excellent catalytic activity toward the substrates aromatic aldehydes and nitromethane in choline chloride:glycerol at a molar ratio of 1:2. Addition of 30 vol% water to DES further improved the lipase activity and inhibited DES-catalyzed transformation. A final yield of 92.2% for the lipase AS-catalyzed Henry reaction was achieved under optimized reaction conditions in only 4 h. In addition, the lipase AS activity was improved by approximately 3-fold in a DES-water mixture compared with that in pure water, which produced a final yield of only 33.4%. Structural studies with fluorescence spectroscopy showed that the established strong hydrogen bonds between DES and water may be the main driving force that affects the spatial conformation of the enzyme, leading to a change in lipase activity. The methodology was also extended to the aza-Henry reaction, which easily occurred in contrast to that in pure water. The enantioselectivity of both Henry and aza-Henry reactions was not found. However, the results are still remarkable, as we report the first use of DES as a reaction medium in a lipase-catalyzed Henry reaction. PMID:26437947

  3. Henry's voices: the representation of auditory verbal hallucinations in an autobiographical narrative.

    PubMed

    Demjén, Zsófia; Semino, Elena

    2015-06-01

    The book Henry's Demons (2011) recounts the events surrounding Henry Cockburn's diagnosis of schizophrenia from the alternating perspectives of Henry himself and his father Patrick. In this paper, we present a detailed linguistic analysis of Henry's first-person accounts of experiences that could be described as auditory verbal hallucinations. We first provide a typology of Henry's voices, taking into account who or what is presented as speaking, what kinds of utterances they produce and any salient stylistic features of these utterances. We then discuss the linguistically distinctive ways in which Henry represents these voices in his narrative. We focus on the use of Direct Speech as opposed to other forms of speech presentation, the use of the sensory verbs hear and feel and the use of 'non-factive' expressions such as I thought and as if. We show how different linguistic representations may suggest phenomenological differences between the experience of hallucinatory voices and the perception of voices that other people can also hear. We, therefore, propose that linguistic analysis is ideally placed to provide in-depth accounts of the phenomenology of voice hearing and point out the implications of this approach for clinical practice and mental healthcare. PMID:25505160

  4. James Henry Marriott: New Zealand's first professional telescope-maker

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Orchiston, Wayne; Romick, Carl; Brown, Pendreigh.

    2015-11-01

    James Henry Marriott was born in London in 1799 and trained as an optician and scientific instrument- maker. In 1842 he emigrated to New Zealand and in January 1843 settled in the newly-established town of Wellington. He was New Zealand's first professional telescope-maker, but we have only been able to locate one telescope made by him while in New Zealand, a brass 1-draw marine telescope with a 44-mm objective, which was manufactured in 1844. In 2004 this marine telescope was purchased in Hawaii by the second author of this paper. In this paper we provide biographical information about Marriott, describe his 1844 marine telescope and speculate on its provenance. We conclude that although he may have been New Zealand's first professional telescope-maker Marriot actually made very few telescopes or other scientific instruments. As such, rather than being recognised as a pioneer of telescope-making in New Zealand he should be remembered as the founder of New Zealand theatre.

  5. Henry Duret (1849-1921): a surgeon and forgotten neurologist.

    PubMed

    Walusinski, Olivier; Courrivaud, Philippe

    2014-01-01

    Henri Duret (1849-1921) was a surgeon whose training started in the laboratory of Jean-Martin Charcot and Alfred Vulpian at La Salptrire in 1874. Using injections of colored gelatine, Duret was the first to describe the distribution of supply arteries in the brainstem and then in the cortex. His descriptions correlated irrigated territories, infarcted zones and secondary neurological deficits. He focused his 1878 thesis on experimental studies of brain trauma and localized the origin of disturbances in autonomic function and vigilance to the brainstem. He linked these disturbances to microhemorrhages affecting the medulla and pons, which are now known as Duret hemorrhages. Over 40 years, he authored numerous publications on digestive and gynecological surgery and on teaching in these areas. In 1905, another of his innovative works was published, which covered brain tumours, their clinical manifestations, the pathophysiological consequences of intracranial hypertension and the corresponding surgical treatments. This little-known treatise is in fact a pioneering work in neurosurgery, published well before the more familiar works of Victor Horsley and Harvey Cushing. PMID:25227400

  6. Genetic Analysis of the Henry Mountains Bison Herd.

    PubMed

    Ranglack, Dustin H; Dobson, Lauren K; du Toit, Johan T; Derr, James

    2015-01-01

    Wild American plains bison (Bison bison) populations virtually disappeared in the late 1800s, with some remnant animals retained in what would become Yellowstone National Park and on private ranches. Some of these private bison were intentionally crossbred with cattle for commercial purposes. This forced hybridization resulted in both mitochondrial and nuclear introgression of cattle genes into some of the extant bison genome. As the private populations grew, excess animals, along with their history of cattle genetics, provided founders for newly established public bison populations. Of the US public bison herds, only those in Yellowstone and Wind Cave National Parks (YNP and WCNP) appear to be free of detectable levels of cattle introgression. However, a small free-ranging population (~350 animals) exists on public land, along with domestic cattle, in the Henry Mountains (HM) of southern Utah. This isolated bison herd originated from a founder group translocated from YNP in the 1940s. Using genetic samples from 129 individuals, we examined the genetic status of the HM population and found no evidence of mitochondrial or nuclear introgression of cattle genes. This new information confirms it is highly unlikely for free-living bison to crossbreed with cattle, and this disease-free HM bison herd is valuable for the long-term conservation of the species. This bison herd is a subpopulation of the YNP/WCNP/HM metapopulation, within which it can contribute significantly to national efforts to restore the American plains bison to more of its native range. PMID:26673758

  7. Genetic Analysis of the Henry Mountains Bison Herd

    PubMed Central

    du Toit, Johan T.; Derr, James

    2015-01-01

    Wild American plains bison (Bison bison) populations virtually disappeared in the late 1800s, with some remnant animals retained in what would become Yellowstone National Park and on private ranches. Some of these private bison were intentionally crossbred with cattle for commercial purposes. This forced hybridization resulted in both mitochondrial and nuclear introgression of cattle genes into some of the extant bison genome. As the private populations grew, excess animals, along with their history of cattle genetics, provided founders for newly established public bison populations. Of the US public bison herds, only those in Yellowstone and Wind Cave National Parks (YNP and WCNP) appear to be free of detectable levels of cattle introgression. However, a small free-ranging population (~350 animals) exists on public land, along with domestic cattle, in the Henry Mountains (HM) of southern Utah. This isolated bison herd originated from a founder group translocated from YNP in the 1940s. Using genetic samples from 129 individuals, we examined the genetic status of the HM population and found no evidence of mitochondrial or nuclear introgression of cattle genes. This new information confirms it is highly unlikely for free-living bison to crossbreed with cattle, and this disease-free HM bison herd is valuable for the long-term conservation of the species. This bison herd is a subpopulation of the YNP/WCNP/HM metapopulation, within which it can contribute significantly to national efforts to restore the American plains bison to more of its native range. PMID:26673758

  8. The enigmatic figure of Dr Henry Maudsley (1835-1918).

    PubMed

    Pantelidou, Maria; Demetriades, Andreas K

    2014-08-01

    In spite of his contribution to psychiatry in 19th century Britain, Henry Maudsley remains a mysterious figure, a man mostly known for his donation to the London County Council for the building of the Maudsley Hospital and for The Maudsley Annual Lecture created in honour of his benevolence. Besides Sir Aubrey Lewis' article in 1951 and Michael Collie's attempt in 1988 to construct a biographical study on Maudsley, there does not seem to be any current endeavour to tell the story of his life, whereas Trevor Turner's contribution to the 2004 Oxford Dictionary of National Biography gives a somewhat scathing but unattributed account of Maudsley's personality. This essay attempts to explore his contributions to the Medico-Psychological Association (MPA), the current Royal College of Psychiatrists, his editorship of the Journal of Mental Health (currently named the British Journal of Psychiatry), his literary contributions and his vision for a psychiatric hospital. This essay is an attempt to demystify his figure and to explore some of the rumours and criticisms surrounding his name and the reasons why so little has been written about him. It is also a venture to unravel his complex personality and his intricate philosophy. PMID:24944050

  9. From Floquet to Dicke: Quantum Spin Hall Insulator Interacting with Quantum Light.

    PubMed

    Gulcsi, Balzs; Dra, Balzs

    2015-10-16

    Time-periodic perturbations due to classical electromagnetic fields are useful to engineer the topological properties of matter using the Floquet theory. Here we investigate the effect of quantized electromagnetic fields by focusing on the quantized light-matter interaction on the edge state of a quantum spin Hall insulator. A Dicke-type superradiant phase transition occurs at arbitrary weak coupling, the electronic spectrum acquires a finite gap, and the resulting ground-state manifold is topological with a Chern number of 1. When the total number of excitations is conserved, a photocurrent is generated along the edge, being pseudoquantized as ?ln(1/?) in the low-frequency limit and decaying as 1/? for high frequencies with ? the photon frequency. The photon spectral function exhibits a clean Goldstone mode, a Higgs-like collective mode at the optical gap and the polariton continuum. PMID:26550853

  10. Varying alpha and cosmic acceleration in Brans-Dicke-BSBM theory: stability analysis and observational tests

    SciTech Connect

    Farajollahi, H.; Salehi, A. E-mail: a.salehi@guilan.ac.ir

    2012-11-01

    By integration of generalized BSBM and Brans-Dicke cosmological models, in this article, we investigate the theoretical framework of fine structure constant variation and current cosmic acceleration. We first develop a mathematical formalism to analyse the stability of the model. By employing observational data to constrain the model parameters, phase space is performed and the attractor solutions of the model are detected. We then examine the model against observational data such as observational Hubble parameter dataset and quasar absorption spectra. The results confirm current universe acceleration and also predicts fine structure constant variation. Furthermore, extrapolation of the best fitted model in high redshift (z > 15) illustrates a significantly larger variation of fine structure constant in earlier epoch of the universe.

  11. Speed-dependent effects and Dicke narrowing in nitrogen-broadened oxygen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wjtewicz, S.; Mas?owski, P.; Cygan, A.; Wcis?o, P.; Zaborowski, M.; Piwi?ski, M.; Ciury?o, R.; Lisak, D.

    2015-11-01

    We present the line-shape analysis of the nitrogen-broadened P9 P9 oxygen B-band transition measured by the optical frequency comb-assisted Pound-Drever-Hall-locked frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectrometer. Perturbation by both oxygen and nitrogen molecules is taken into account simultaneously in the line-shape analysis. Several line-shape models describing physical effects such as Dicke narrowing, the speed dependence of collisional broadening and shifting, and the correlation between velocity- and phase-changing collisions were used in the analysis. The comparison between the hypergeometric and quadratic approximations of the speed-dependent effects is presented. Observed line narrowing is mostly determined by the speed dependence of the collisional broadening.

  12. Metric factorizability and equivalence of brane world models with Brans-Dicke theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chakraborty, Sumanta; SenGupta, Soumitra

    2015-07-01

    In the standard brane world models, the bulk metric ansatz is usually assumed to be factorizable in brane and bulk coordinates. However, it is not self-evident that it is always possible to factorize the bulk metric. Using the gradient expansion scheme, which involves the expansion of bulk quantities in terms of the brane-to-bulk curvature ratio as a perturbative parameter, we explicitly show that metric factorizability is a valid assumption up to second order in the perturbative expansion. We also argue from our result that the same should be true for all orders in the perturbation scheme. We further establish that the nonlocal terms present in the bulk gravitational field equation can be replaced by the radion field; the effective action on the brane thereby obtained resembles the Brans-Dicke theory of gravity.

  13. Dilute gas of ultracold two-level atoms inside a cavity: generalized Dicke model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Larson, Jonas; Lewenstein, Maciej

    2009-06-01

    We consider a gas of ultracold two-level atoms confined in a cavity, taking account of atomic center-of-mass motion and cavity-mode variations. We use the generalized Dicke model (DM), and analyze separately the cases of a Gaussian, and a standing wave mode shape. Owing to the interplay between external motional energies of the atoms and internal atomic and field energies, the phase-diagrams exhibit novel features not encountered in the standard DM, such as the existence of first- and second-order phase transitions between normal and superradiant phases. Due to the quantum description of atomic motion, internal and external atomic degrees of freedom are highly correlated leading to modified normal and superradiant phases.

  14. Modified Holographic Ricci Dark Energy in Chameleon Brans-Dicke Cosmology and Its Thermodynamic Consequence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jawad, A.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Bhattacharya, S.; Pasqua, A.

    2015-04-01

    The objective of this paper is to discuss the Chameleon Brans-Dicke gravity with non-minimally matter coupling of scalar field. We take modified Holographic Ricci dark energy model in this gravity with its energy density in interaction with energy density of cold dark matter. We assume power-law ansatz for scale factor and scalar field to discuss potential as well as coupling functions in the evolving universe. These reconstructed functions are plotted versus scalar field and time for different values of power component of scale factor n. We observe that potential and coupling functions represent increasing behavior, in particular, consistent results for a specific value of n. Finally, we have examined validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics and we have observed its validity for all values of n. The financial Supported from Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India under Project Grant No. SR/FTP/PS-167/2011 is thankfully acknowledged by SC

  15. Thermodynamics of charged rotating black branes in Brans-Dicke theory with quadratic scalar field potential

    SciTech Connect

    Dehghani, M. H.; Pakravan, J.; Hendi, S. H.

    2006-11-15

    We construct a class of charged rotating solutions in (n+1)-dimensional Maxwell-Brans-Dicke theory with flat horizon in the presence of a quadratic potential and investigate their properties. These solutions are neither asymptotically flat nor (anti)-de Sitter. We find that these solutions can present black brane, with inner and outer event horizons, an extreme black brane or a naked singularity provided the parameters of the solutions are chosen suitably. We compute the finite Euclidean action through the use of counterterm method, and obtain the conserved and thermodynamic quantities by using the relation between the action and free energy in grand-canonical ensemble. We find that these quantities satisfy the first law of thermodynamics, and the entropy does not follow the area law.

  16. Particle collisions near a Kerr-like black hole in Brans-Dicke theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sultana, Joseph; Bose, Benjamin

    2015-11-01

    A recent discovery in 2009 by Bañados, Silk and West (BSW), which generated a lot of interest, involves the arbitrary high center-of-mass (c.m.) energies for free particle collisions at the horizon of an extreme kerr black hole when one of the free particles has a critical value of the angular momentum. In light of this we consider the rotating Kerr-like black hole solution in Brans-Dicke theory and study the motion of scalar test charges in the vicinity of the black hole horizon. We show that the interaction of the test scalar charges with the background scalar field in this spacetime suppresses the c.m. energy for collisions occurring near the event horizon, and the value of the c.m. energy there, is finite irrespective of whether the black hole is extreme or not and its value is also independent of the angular momenta of the colliding test charges.

  17. Kaluza-Klein dark energy model in Brans-Dicke theory of gravitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reddy, D. R. K.; Vijaya Lakshmi, G. V.

    2015-05-01

    A five dimensional Kaluza-Klein dark energy model with a variable equation of state (EoS) parameter and a constant deceleration parameter is considered in the scalar-tensor theory proposed by Brans and Dicke (Phys. Rev. 24:925, 1961). We have introduced three different skew ness parameters along spatial directions which are time dependent. The field equations have been solved by using (i) the trace of the energy tensor of the fluid vanishes, (ii) shear scalar is proportional to scalar expansion and (iii) special law of variation for Hubble's parameter proposed by Bermann (Nuovo Cimento B 74:182, 1983). It is observed that in this case the EoS parameter turns out to be constant. Some physical and kinematical properties of the model obtained are also discussed.

  18. Cosmic microwave background with Brans-Dicke gravity. II. Constraints with the WMAP and SDSS data

    SciTech Connect

    Wu Fengquan; Chen Xuelei

    2010-10-15

    Using the covariant formalism developed in a companion paper [F.-Q. Wu, L. E. Qiang, X. Wang, and X. Chen, preceding Article, Phys. Rev. D 82, 083002 (2010)] (paper I), we derive observational constraints on the Brans-Dicke model in a flat Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker universe with a cosmological constant and cold dark matter. The CMB observations we use include the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe 5 yr data, the Arcminute Cosmology Bolometer Array Receiver 2007 data, the Cosmic Background Imager polarization data, and the Balloon Observations of Millimetric Extragalactic Radiation and Geophysics 2003 flight data. For the large scale structure we use the matter power spectrum data measured with the luminous red galaxy survey of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 4. We parametrize the Brans-Dicke parameter {omega} with a new parameter {zeta}=ln(1/{omega}+1), and use the Markov-Chain Monte Carlo method to explore the parameter space. We find that using CMB data alone, one could place some constraints on positive {zeta} or {omega}, but negative {zeta} or {omega} could not be constrained effectively. However, with additional large scale structure data, one could break the degeneracy at {zeta}<0. The 2{sigma} (95.5%) bound on {zeta} is -0.008 37<{zeta}<0.010 18 (corresponding to {omega}<-120.0 or {omega}>97.8). We also obtained constraints on G/G, the rate of change of G at present, as -1.75x10{sup -12} yr{sup -1}

  19. Fremde und Exil: Paul Zech in Argentinien und Henry Kreisel in Kanada (Foreignness and Exile: Paul Zech in Argentina and Henry Kreisel in Canada).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Leeden, Katrin

    1996-01-01

    For teachers of German as a foreign language it's especially important to provide a new point of access to one's own world through the "view from the outside" and simultaneously to understand the foreign (learner) culture. Analysis of different life paths of Paul Zech (1881-1946) in Argentina and Henry Kreisel (1922-1991) in Canada makes this

  20. [Hypospadia and infertility of Henry II of France (1519-1559)].

    PubMed

    Hatzinger, M; Al-Shajlawi, S; Sohn, M

    2014-03-01

    Henry II (1519-1559) of France was the second son of Francis I (1494-1547) and Claude de France (1498-1524) born in 1519 in St. Germain-en-Laye. After his older brother's and his father's death in 1547, he was anointed the French king in Reims. In 1533 already, as a 14-year-old boy, for reasons of state, he was married to the same aged Catherine de Medici (1519-1589), as her uncle was Pope Clement VII (1478-1534). The marriage remained childless for 11 years since Henry, due to a distinct hypospadia and a completely sexually inexperienced wife was unable to conceive children with her. His existing liaison to Diane de Poitiers (1499-1566) - a 19-year-older maid of honor of his father Francis I from 1537 until his death - influenced his sexual life immensely.The blame for the childless marriage was placed primarily on his wife, as Henry had become father of an illegitimate daughter with a mistress. Catherine then underwent all possible medical and alchemical procedures to finally give birth to the hoped Dauphin. Ironically, her rival for the favor of her husband, Diane de Poitiers was one of her greatest allies. She made clear that the cause lay with Henry and not with his wife. This was confirmed by the added solid physician Jean Fernel (1497-1558). His treatment of Henry and the simultaneous training of the unexperienced Catherine by Diane de Poitiers led to success.The result was the birth of Francis II (1544-1560) in 1544, the first of 10 children in 12 years. Thus, the dynasty was saved. After the death of Henry in a tragic tournament accident in 1559, three of his sons became kings of France. But the line of Valois remained without further descendants and was continued by Henry IV, the first Bourbon king in 1589. PMID:24585117

  1. A novel β-glucan produced by Paenibacillus polymyxa JB115 induces nitric oxide production in RAW264.7 macrophages

    PubMed Central

    Chang, Zhi-Qiang; Lee, Joong-Su; Hwang, Mi-Hyun; Hong, Joo-Heon; Jung, Hee-Kyoung; Lee, Sam-Pin

    2009-01-01

    The effect of extracellular β-(1→3), (1→6)-glucan, produced by Paenibacillus polymyxa JB115, on nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW264.7 macrophages was investigated. β-glucan induced the production of NO by RAW264.7 macrophages in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Moreover, β-glucan stimulation increased the mRNA expression of iNOS, COX-2 and IL-6 in RAW264.7 macrophages in a concentration-dependent manner. PMID:19461214

  2. The Works of Henry Moseley, 1887-1915

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scerri, Eric

    2013-04-01

    In 1913 Henry Moseley, an unknown young English physicist published an article in the Philosophical Magazine under the title of ``The High Frequency Spectra of the Elements.'' The 10-page article was to have far reaching implications in both chemistry and physics and helped to resolve a major conundrum in the periodic table of the elements. The talk will briefly examine the life and work of Moseley who died tragically while fighting in the trenches of World War I in 1915. The build-up to the discovery of atomic number took several different avenues including contributions from Rutherford and Barkla. However the more direct motivation for Moseley's work, as he readily acknowledged, were the articles of an unknown Dutch econometrician Anton Van den Broek who attempted to improve on Mendeleev's periodic table. Moseley began as a student of Rutherford at Manchester and took a keen interest in the development of research using X-rays following the work of Roentgen, von Laue and Bragg. Although Rutherford was at first reluctant to enter this new field he soon yielded to young Moseley's request and sent him to Leeds for brief training with Bragg. On returning to Manchester, Moseley devised an ingenious apparatus in which a set of metal samples could be rotated so as to become the target for a beam of electrons in order to measure the frequencies of the emitted K X-rays. The first set of such experiments used nine successive elements in the periodic table, from titanium to zinc. Moseley's now immense fame rests with the results of this study as well as a subsequent one which extended the study into a further 30 elements, in addition to the use that his method was put to by himself as well as subsequent chemists and physicists.

  3. On the Non- k-Separability of Dicke Class of States and N-Qudit W States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ananth, N.; Senthilvelan, M.

    2016-03-01

    In this paper, we present the separability criteria to identify non- k-separability and genuine multipartite entanglement in mixed multipartite states using elements of density matrices. Our criteria can detect the non- k-separability of Dicke class of states, anti W states and mixtures thereof and higher dimensional W class of states. We then investigate the performance of our criteria by considering N-qubit Dicke states with arbitrary excitations added with white noise and mixture of N-qudit W state with white noise. We also study the robustness of our criteria against white noise. Further, we demonstrate that our criteria are experimentally implementable by means of local observables such as Pauli matrices and generalized Gell-Mann matrices.

  4. Extended phase space thermodynamics and P-V criticality of charged black holes in Brans-Dicke theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hendi, S. H.; Armanfard, Z.

    2015-10-01

    Motivated by conformal relation between dilaton gravity and Brans-Dicke theory, in this paper, we are taking into account extended phase space thermodynamics to investigate phase transition of charged black holes. We regard spherically symmetric charged black hole solutions in the presence of a scalar field in both Einstein and Jordan frames and calculate related conserved and thermodynamic quantities. Then, we study the analogy of the black hole solution with the Van der Waals liquid-gas system in the extended phase space by considering the cosmological constant proportional to thermodynamical pressure. We obtain critical values of thermodynamic coordinates and plot P-V and G-T diagrams to study the phase transition points and compare the results of dilaton gravity and Brans-Dicke theory.

  5. Stationary axially symmetric exterior solutions in the five-dimensional representation of the Brans-Dicke-Jordan theory of gravitation

    SciTech Connect

    Bruckman, W.

    1986-11-15

    The inverse scattering method of Belinsky and Zakharov is used to investigate axially symmetric stationary vacuum soliton solutions in the five-dimensional representation of the Brans-Dicke-Jordan theory of gravitation, where the scalar field of the theory is an element of a five-dimensional metric. The resulting equations for the spacetime metric are similar to those of solitons in general relativity, while the scalar field generated is the product of a simple function of the coordinates and an already known scalar field solution. A family of solutions is considered that reduce, in the absence of rotation, to the five-dimensional form of a well-known Weyl-Levi Civita axially symmetric static vacuum solution. With a suitable choice of parameters, this static limit becomes equivalent to the spherically symmetric solution of the Brans-Dicke theory. An exact metric, in which the Kerr-scalar McIntosh solution is a special case, is given explicitly.

  6. Five-dimensional Brans-Dicke M 1 R 3 S 1 cosmology with chameleon scalar field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Nabulsi, Ahmad Rami

    2010-05-01

    We investigate five-dimensional Brans-Dicke cosmology with spacetime described by the homogeneous, anisotropic and flat spacetime with the topology M 1 R 3 S 1 where S 1 is taken in the form of a circle. We conjecture throughout this letter that the extra-dimension compactifies as the visible dimensions expand like b( t)? a -1( t) and that the non-minimal coupling between the scalar field and the matter is of the form f( ?) ? ? 2. The model gives rise to a transition from a decelerated epoch to an accelerated epoch for large values of the Brans-Dicke parameter ?. The model predicts crossing of the phantom divided barrier unless the universe is governed by a growing matter field.

  7. Assessment of water-quality conditions in the J.B. Converse Lake watershed, Mobile County, Alabama, 1990-98

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Journey, Celeste A.; Gill, Amy C.

    2001-01-01

    J.B. Converse (Converse) Lake is a 3,600-acre, tributary-storage reservoir in Mobile County, southwestern Alabama. The lake serves as the primary drinking-water supply for the city of Mobile. The Converse Lake watershed lies within the Coastal Plain Physiographic Province. Semiconsolidated to unconsolidated sediments of sand, silt, gravel, and clay underlie the watershed, and are covered by acidic soils. Land use in the watershed is mainly forest (64 percent) and agriculture (31 percent). Residential and commercial development account for only 1 percent of the total land use in the watershed. Converse Lake receives inflow from seven major tributaries. The greatest inflows are from Big Creek, Crooked Creek, and Hamilton Creek that had mean annual streamflows of 72.2, 19.4, and 25.0 cubic feet per second, respectively, for the period 1990 to 1998, which represents about 72 percent of the total annual streamflow to the lake. The total mean annual inflow to the lake is estimated to be about 163 cubic feet per second. In general, water quality in Converse Lake and its tributaries meets the criteria established by the Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM) for drinking-water supplies, whole-body contact, and aquatic life. The exceptions include acidic pH levels, iron and manganese levels above secondary or aesthetic criteria, and fecal bacterial levels in some tributaries above whole-body contact (swimmable) criteria. The pH levels throughout the watershed were commonly below the criteria level of 6.0, but this appears to have been a naturally occurring phenomenon caused by poorly buffered soil types, resistant sediments, and forested land use. Median iron and manganese levels were above aesthetic criteria levels of 300 and 50 micrograms per liter, respectively, in some tributaries. All tributary sites in the Converse Lake watershed had median and minimum dissolved-oxygen concentrations above the ADEM criteria level of 5 milligrams per liter except for Boggy Branch, which had a minimum dissolved-oxygen concentration of 3.7 milligrams per liter. The degree to which nutrient contributions from tributaries were causing nutrient enrichment and eutrophication in Converse Lake was assessed. Trend analysis detected little or no change in nutrient concentrations at the tributary and lake sites in the Converse Lake watershed from the 1991 to 1998 water years. Nutrient concentrations at most tributary sites exhibited a significant, positive relation with streamflow that indicated the dominant source of nutrient input to the watershed is from nonpoint contributions. From 1990 to 1998, computed mean annual loads of 75,400 kilograms of total nitrogen, 36,950 kilograms of total Kjeldahl nitrogen, 28,870 kilograms of total inorganic nitrogen, and 3,480 kilograms of total phosphorus were contributed to the lake by Big Creek, Hamilton Creek, and Crooked Creek combined. These mean annual loads of nutrients corresponded to borderline eutrophic/mesotrophic conditions in the lake. Of the combined loads, 62 percent of the total nitrogen, 70 percent of the total Kjeldahl nitrogen, 54 percent of the total inorganic nitrogen, and 47 percent of the total phosphorus originated from the forested subbasin of Big Creek. The more residential and agricultural subbasins of Crooked Creek and Hamilton Creek, however, yielded over twice the total phosphorus load per hectare of land use. Crooked and Hamilton Creek subbasins also had higher yields of the more bioavailable total inorganic nitrogen. A simplistic empirical model could not explain the relation between year-to-year nutrient contributions to Converse Lake from the tributaries and the lake's ability to assimilate those contributions. The potential presence of pathogens in the lake and its tributaries was assessed based on fecal bacterial concentrations. Fecal bacterial concentrations at some tributary sites were above existing criteria for swimmable uses. Contributions of fecal bacte

  8. A Derivation of the Dick Effect from Control-Loop Models for Periodically Interrogated Passive Frequency Standards

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Greenhall, Charles A.

    1996-01-01

    The phase of a frequency standard that uses periodic interrogation and control of a local oscillator (LO) is degraded by a long-term random-walk component induced by downconversion of LO noise into the loop passband. The Dick formula for the noise level of this degradation can be derived from explicit solotions of two LO control-loop models. A summary of the derivations is given here.

  9. Solute and heat transport model of the Henry and hilleke laboratory experiment.

    PubMed

    Langevin, Christian D; Dausman, Alyssa M; Sukop, Michael C

    2010-01-01

    SEAWAT is a coupled version of MODFLOW and MT3DMS designed to simulate variable-density ground water flow and solute transport. The most recent version of SEAWAT, called SEAWAT Version 4, includes new capabilities to represent simultaneous multispecies solute and heat transport. To test the new features in SEAWAT, the laboratory experiment of Henry and Hilleke (1972) was simulated. Henry and Hilleke used warm fresh water to recharge a large sand-filled glass tank. A cold salt water boundary was represented on one side. Adjustable heating pads were used to heat the bottom and left sides of the tank. In the laboratory experiment, Henry and Hilleke observed both salt water and fresh water flow systems separated by a narrow transition zone. After minor tuning of several input parameters with a parameter estimation program, results from the SEAWAT simulation show good agreement with the experiment. SEAWAT results suggest that heat loss to the room was more than expected by Henry and Hilleke, and that multiple thermal convection cells are the likely cause of the widened transition zone near the hot end of the tank. Other computer programs with similar capabilities may benefit from benchmark testing with the Henry and Hilleke laboratory experiment. PMID:19563419

  10. Integration of Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption IonizationTime of Flight Mass Spectrometry and Molecular Cloning for the Identification and Functional Characterization of Mobile ortho-Halobenzoate Oxygenase Genes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Strain JB2

    PubMed Central

    Hickey, W. J.; Sabat, G.

    2001-01-01

    Protein mass spectrometry and molecular cloning techniques were used to identify and characterize mobile o-halobenzoate oxygenase genes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain JB2 and Pseudomonas huttiensis strain D1. Proteins induced in strains JB2 and D1 by growth on 2-chlorobenzoate (2-CBa) were extracted from sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis gels and analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionizationtime of flight mass spectrometry. Two bands gave significant matches to OhbB and OhbA, which have been reported to be the ? and ? subunits, respectively, of an ortho-1,2-halobenzoate dioxygenase of P. aeruginosa strain 142 (T. V. Tsoi, E. G. Plotnikova, J. R. Cole, W. F. Guerin, M. Bagdasarian, and J. M. Tiedje, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:21512162, 1999). PCR and Southern hybridization experiments confirmed that ohbAB were present in strain JB2 and were transferred from strain JB2 to strain D1. While the sequences of ohbA from strains JB2, D1, and 142 were identical, the sequences of ohbB from strains JB2 and D1 were identical to each other but differed slightly from that of strain 142. PCR analyses and Southern hybridization analyses indicated that ohbAB were conserved in strains JB2 and D1 and in strain 142 but that the regions adjoining these genes were divergent. Expression of ohbAB in Escherichia coli resulted in conversion of o-chlorobenzoates to the corresponding (chloro)catechols with the following apparent affinity: 2-CBa ? 2,5-dichlorobenzoate > 2,3,5-trichlorobenzoate > 2,4-dichlorobenzoate. The activity of OhbABJB2 appeared to differ from that reported for OhbAB142 primarily in that a chlorine in the para position posed a greater impediment to catalysis with the former. Hybridization analysis of spontaneous 2-CBa? mutants of strains JB2 and D1 verified that ohbAB were lost along with the genes, suggesting that all of the genes may be contained in the same mobile element. Strains JB2 and 142 originated from California and Russia, respectively. Thus, ohbAB and/or the mobile element on which they are carried may have a global distribution. PMID:11722919

  11. Human Heat shock protein 40 (Hsp40/DnaJB1) promotes influenza A virus replication by assisting nuclear import of viral ribonucleoproteins.

    PubMed

    Batra, Jyoti; Tripathi, Shashank; Kumar, Amrita; Katz, Jacqueline M; Cox, Nancy J; Lal, Renu B; Sambhara, Suryaprakash; Lal, Sunil K

    2016-01-01

    A unique feature of influenza A virus (IAV) life cycle is replication of the viral genome in the host cell nucleus. The nuclear import of IAV genome is an indispensable step in establishing virus infection. IAV nucleoprotein (NP) is known to mediate the nuclear import of viral genome via its nuclear localization signals. Here, we demonstrate that cellular heat shock protein 40 (Hsp40/DnaJB1) facilitates the nuclear import of incoming IAV viral ribonucleoproteins (vRNPs) and is important for efficient IAV replication. Hsp40 was found to interact with NP component of IAV RNPs during early stages of infection. This interaction is mediated by the J domain of Hsp40 and N-terminal region of NP. Drug or RNAi mediated inhibition of Hsp40 resulted in reduced nuclear import of IAV RNPs, diminished viral polymerase function and attenuates overall viral replication. Hsp40 was also found to be required for efficient association between NP and importin alpha, which is crucial for IAV RNP nuclear translocation. These studies demonstrate an important role for cellular chaperone Hsp40/DnaJB1 in influenza A virus life cycle by assisting nuclear trafficking of viral ribonucleoproteins. PMID:26750153

  12. Human Heat shock protein 40 (Hsp40/DnaJB1) promotes influenza A virus replication by assisting nuclear import of viral ribonucleoproteins

    PubMed Central

    Batra, Jyoti; Tripathi, Shashank; Kumar, Amrita; Katz, Jacqueline M.; Cox, Nancy J.; Lal, Renu B.; Sambhara, Suryaprakash; Lal, Sunil K.

    2016-01-01

    A unique feature of influenza A virus (IAV) life cycle is replication of the viral genome in the host cell nucleus. The nuclear import of IAV genome is an indispensable step in establishing virus infection. IAV nucleoprotein (NP) is known to mediate the nuclear import of viral genome via its nuclear localization signals. Here, we demonstrate that cellular heat shock protein 40 (Hsp40/DnaJB1) facilitates the nuclear import of incoming IAV viral ribonucleoproteins (vRNPs) and is important for efficient IAV replication. Hsp40 was found to interact with NP component of IAV RNPs during early stages of infection. This interaction is mediated by the J domain of Hsp40 and N-terminal region of NP. Drug or RNAi mediated inhibition of Hsp40 resulted in reduced nuclear import of IAV RNPs, diminished viral polymerase function and attenuates overall viral replication. Hsp40 was also found to be required for efficient association between NP and importin alpha, which is crucial for IAV RNP nuclear translocation. These studies demonstrate an important role for cellular chaperone Hsp40/DnaJB1 in influenza A virus life cycle by assisting nuclear trafficking of viral ribonucleoproteins. PMID:26750153

  13. An anisotropic cosmological model in a modified Brans-Dicke theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rasouli, S. M. M.; Farhoudi, Mehrdad; Sepangi, Hamid R.

    2011-08-01

    Recently, it has been shown that a four-dimensional (4D) Brans-Dicke (BD) theory with an effective matter field and a self-interacting potential can be achieved from the vacuum 5D BD field equations, where we refer to as a modified Brans-Dicke theory (MBDT). We investigate a generalized Bianchi type I anisotropic cosmology in 5D BD theory, and by employing the obtained formalism, we derive the induced matter on any 4D hypersurface in the context of the MBDT. We illustrate that if the usual spatial scale factors are functions of the time while the scale factor of extra dimension is constant, and the scalar field depends on the time and the fifth coordinate, then, in general, one will encounter inconsistencies in the field equations. Then, we assume that the scale factors and the scalar field depend on the time and the extra coordinate as separated variables in the power-law forms. Hence, we find a few classes of solutions in 5D spacetime through which we probe the one which leads to a generalized Kasner relation among the Kasner parameters. The induced scalar potential is found to be in the power law or in the logarithmic form; however, for a constant scalar field and even when the scalar field only depends on the fifth coordinate, it vanishes. The conservation law is indeed valid in this MBDT approach for the derived induced energy-momentum tensor (EMT). We proceed our investigations for a few cosmological quantities, where for simplicity we assume that the metric and the scalar field are functions of the time. Hence, the EMT satisfies the barotropic equation of state, and the model indicates that the constant mean Hubble parameter is not allowed. Thus, by appealing to the variation of the Hubble parameter, we assume a fixed deceleration parameter, and set the evolution of the quantities with respect to the fixed deceleration, the BD coupling and the state parameters. The WEC allows a shrinking extra dimension for a decelerating expanding universe that, in the constant scalar field, evolves the same way as the flat FRW spacetime in GR. The quantities for the stiff fluid and the radiation-dominated universe indicate an expanding universe commenced with a big bang. There is a horizon for each of the fluids, and the rate of expansion slows down by the time. The allowed ranges of the deceleration and the BD coupling parameters have been obtained, and the model gives an empty universe when the time goes to infinity.

  14. Temperature-Dependent Henry's Law Constants of Atmospheric Amines.

    PubMed

    Leng, Chunbo; Kish, J Duncan; Roberts, Jason E; Dwebi, Iman; Chon, Nara; Liu, Yong

    2015-08-20

    There has been growing interest in understanding atmospheric amines in the gas phase and their mass transfer to the aqueous phase because of their potential roles in cloud chemistry, secondary organic aerosol formation, and the fate of atmospheric organics. Temperature-dependent Henry's law constants (KH) of atmospheric amines, a key parameter in atmospheric chemical transport models to account for mass transfer, are mostly unavailable. In this work, we investigated gas-liquid equilibria of five prevalent atmospheric amines, namely 1-propylamine, di-n-propylamine, trimethylamine, allylamine, and 4-methylmorpholine using bubble column technique. We reported effective KH, intrinsic KH, and gas phase diffusion coefficients of these species over a range of temperatures relevant to the lower atmosphere for the first time. The measured KH at 298 K and enthalpy of solution for 1-propylamine, di-n-propylamine, trimethylamine, allylamine, and 4-methylmorpholine are 61.4 4.9 mol L(-1) atm(-1) and -49.0 4.8 kJ mol(-1); 14.5 1.2 mol L(-1) atm(-1) and -72.5 6.8 kJ mol(-1); 8.9 0.7 mol L(-1) atm(-1) and -49.6 4.7 kJ mol(-1); 103.5 10.4 mol L(-1) atm(-1) and -42.7 4.3 kJ mol(-1); and 952.2 114.3 mol L(-1) atm(-1) and -82.7 9.7 kJ mol(-1), respectively. In addition, we evaluated amines' characteristic times to achieve gas-liquid equilibrium for partitioning between gas and aqueous phases. Results show gas-liquid equilibrium can be rapidly established at natural cloud droplets surface, but the characteristic times may be extended substantially at lower temperatures and pHs. Moreover, our findings imply that atmospheric amines are more likely to exist in cloud droplets, and ambient temperature, water content, and pH of aerosols play important roles in their partitioning. PMID:26200814

  15. [Henry Toussaint and Louis Pasteur. Rivalry over a vaccine].

    PubMed

    Chevallier-Jussiau, Nadine

    2010-01-01

    Henry Toussaint (1847-1890) is a veterinary who studied in Veterinary School of Lyon with his great master Auguste Chauveau the famous physiologist. This place is the First School founded in Europe at the end of the XVIIIth century and has opened a way of thinking. His carrer brilliant and rich begins first in Lyon and then when he is named Professor of Anatomy and Physiology at the Veterinary School of Toulouse. Doctor of Science and Doctor of Medecine Toussaint applies "the experimental method" to his research in his laboratory and makes a lot of publications. He starts with Anatomy, then Physiology and soon he prioritizes his research to infestious diseases which cause serious damage to cattle in this time. He developes his own methods about anthrax an its "bacteridie", its nature, its way of culture and especially he studies the physiopathology of this disease. Pasteur is a renowned scientist who does study Microbiology at the same time in his laboratory in Paris, and precisely anthrax. He has explained his theories about "microbes" and has predominant advice. Toussaint admires Pasteur; in the year 1879 he finds first and isolates the microbe of "cholera des poules" (now Pasteurella) and gives Pasteur this new germ which will be used by Pasteur for his particular works about reducing of virulence by successive subcultures. In 1880 with his publishing on July 12 at the Academy of Science, Toussaint presents his successful result with an attenuated vaccine against anthrax: he has got protection against anthrax for dogs and sheep by using a vaccine which he has reduced off virulence by chemical manner. Academy congratulates him. Pasteur jealous of one's reputation contests the demonstration of Toussaint because he does not believe in the chemical method too different from his tests but will make use of this method for an experience open to the public in Pouilly-le-Fort in 1881. After this promotional event Pasteur will product and sell vaccines maked in his laboratory in Paris with the first chemical method of Toussaint. Pasteur gets glory and money. In the following time Toussaint tries another research on tuberculosis but soon he feels the first attacks of a neurologic illness and inescapably his mind declines until the death in 1890. PMID:20527335

  16. Annie Jump Cannon: `` Life after The Henry Draper Catalogue.''

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Welther, B. L.

    1993-05-01

    Seventy-five years ago the first three volumes of The Henry Draper Catalogue were published. The pages printed in 1918 contain the spectral types, revised magnitudes, and updated positions for more than 77,000 stars. For the nine volumes of the catalogue, Cannon classified spectra for 225,300 stars; and in her lifetime, spectra for almost 400,000 stars. This work netted her half a dozen honorary degrees, the Draper Medal of the NAS, and numerous other prizes and honors. In his preface to Volume 1, Edward Pickering noted that it took two years to process the copy for the initial volumes and estimated that it would take two more years to complete the copy for the remaining volumes. But shortly after he wrote the preface for Volume 3 in December 1918, Pickering died. And it proved to take three times as long as he had predicted to complete the publication of all nine volumes of the catalogue by the spring of 1924. Although Cannon had enjoyed much more independence and status than the other women at HCO, she had looked to Pickering for guidance and financial support for her astronomical projects. Without him, she had to develop other resources and also had to represent the Harvard Classification for the first IAU meeting in Rome in 1922. Although she did not attend the meeting, she corresponded with Frederick Seares at Mount Wilson Observatory about various questions that astronomers had raised about classifying spectra. Meanwhile, in 1921 Harlow Shapley was appointed Director of HCO. He oversaw the publication of the final volumes of the HD and encouraged Cannon to extend it for stars in special regions. For the HD Extension, he hired Margaret Walton to assist Cannon. But the cost of labor to determine positions and magnitudes was prohibitive, so for many stars the HDE lists only the BD number and spectral type. Even that format proved too costly in the depression and war years. Consequently, the last volume of the HDE was published as charts after World War II.

  17. Agreement Between the Board of Trustees of Henry Ford Community College and the Henry Ford Community College Federation of Teachers, American Federation of Teachers, Local 1650, 1973-75.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry Ford Community Coll., Dearborn, MI.

    This agreement between the Board of Trustees of Henry Ford Community College and the Henry Ford Community College Federation of Teachers, American Federation of Teachers, Local 1650 covers the period of 1973-1975. Contents of the agreement cover recognition, board of trustee rights, union-board relations, conditions of employment, seniority, the

  18. Agreement between the Board of Trustees of Henry Ford Community College and the Henry Ford Community College Federation of Teachers, American Federation of Teachers Local 1650, 1987-1990.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry Ford Community Coll., Dearborn, MI.

    This collective bargaining agreement between the Board of Trustees of Henry Ford Community College and the Henry Ford Community College Federation of Teachers establishes conditions of employment for all full-time teachers, counselors, librarians, placement officers, and selected other professional personnel. The articles in the agreement set

  19. [The praise of the leak: a tribute to Henri Laborit (1914-1995)].

    PubMed

    Fond, G

    2013-01-01

    Henri Laborit (1914-1995) was a French military MD. He contributed to the discovery of an important molecule that has changed the face of psychiatry, namely chlorpromazine, which became the first drug in the class of first-generation antipsychotics, which later led to the dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia. He did not receive the Nobel Prize for this discovery, unlike Daniel Bovet who get the Nobel Prize for the discovery of antihistaminics. Henri Laborit is also the author of a book that has contributed to the popularization of neurosciences in France, "The Praise of flight" (1976). PMID:24227503

  20. Economics and feasibility of co-composting solid waste in McHenry County. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Alpert, J.

    1987-07-01

    The purpose of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of composting various segments of the waste stream produced in McHenry County, IL. In particular, the study emphasized co-composting of municipal solid waste (MSW) with septage, co-composting of MSW with septage and sludge, leaf- and yard-waste composting, and composting various animal wastes. In addition to specific analysis of co-composting in McHenry, the report includes chapters on the technical description and implementation of composting, environmental considerations of co-composting, comparisons of different proprietary systems, the economics of composting, and an analysis of compost markets.

  1. Basic Assumptions in the Virginia Ratification Debates: Patrick Henry vs. James Madison on the Nature of Man and Reason.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Einhorn, Lois

    The identifiably different rhetorical behaviors of Patrick Henry and James Madison, as expressed in their Virginia debates, reflect each man's philosophical view of human nature and the role of reason in human behavior. Patrick Henry, expressing the pessimism of Calvinistic tradition, believed that people are intrinsically evil with a dominant

  2. 76 FR 50171 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Henrys Fork Salinity...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-12

    ... the Henrys Fork Salinity Control Project Plan, Sweetwater and Uinta Counties, WY; Daggett and Summit... Statement (EIS) for the Henrys Fork Salinity Control Project Plan (SCPP). The NRCS will be the lead agency... Improvements'' alternative assumes a salinity control project will be implemented. Existing financial...

  3. Conflict, Retrenchment, and Reappraisal: The Administration of Higher Education. The David D. Henry Lectures, 1972-78.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1979

    The first five David D. Henry lectures, and discussion and response to the first four, are presented in this book. Following a brief introduction by John E. Corbally and a biography of David Dobbs Henry, Clark Kerr's paper, "The Administration of Higher Education in an Era of Change and Conflict" (presented in October, 1972) focuses on change and

  4. Cosmological models with constant deceleration parameter in Brans-Dicke theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johri, V. B.; Desikan, Kalyani

    1994-12-01

    A detailed study of cosmological models with constant deceleration parameterq is undertaken in the framework of Brans-Dicke theory. These models are divided into two categories: (i) singular models with expansion driven by big-bang impulse, (ii) non-singlar models with expansion driven by creation of matter particles. Prigogine's hypothesis of creation of matter out of gravitational energy is analysed and extended to BD cosmology. To accommodate the creation of new particles, the universe is regarded as an open thermodynamical system and the energy conservation equation is modified with the incorporation of a creation pressure termp c in the energy-momentum tensortilde T_{ab} . The exact solutions of the field equations of BD theory withtilde T_{ab} are obtained using the power law relation?=KR ?, which leads to models with constantq. The behaviour of the solutions is investigated for different range of values ofa. The role played by the BD scalar field? and creation of matter particles in the expansion of the universe is investigated. It is found that one particular model with constantq has exponential expansion.

  5. Real-time observation of fluctuations at the driven-dissipative Dicke phase transition.

    PubMed

    Brennecke, Ferdinand; Mottl, Rafael; Baumann, Kristian; Landig, Renate; Donner, Tobias; Esslinger, Tilman

    2013-07-16

    We experimentally study the influence of dissipation on the driven Dicke quantum phase transition, realized by coupling external degrees of freedom of a Bose-Einstein condensate to the light field of a high-finesse optical cavity. The cavity provides a natural dissipation channel, which gives rise to vacuum-induced fluctuations and allows us to observe density fluctuations of the gas in real-time. We monitor the divergence of these fluctuations over two orders of magnitude while approaching the phase transition, and observe a behavior that deviates significantly from that expected for a closed system. A correlation analysis of the fluctuations reveals the diverging time scale of the atomic dynamics and allows us to extract a damping rate for the external degree of freedom of the atoms. We find good agreement with our theoretical model including dissipation via both the cavity field and the atomic field. Using a dissipation channel to nondestructively gain information about a quantum many-body system provides a unique path to study the physics of driven-dissipative systems. PMID:23818599

  6. Reversible and irreversible spacetime thermodynamics for general Brans-Dicke theories

    SciTech Connect

    Chirco, Goffredo; Eling, Christopher; Liberati, Stefano

    2011-01-15

    We derive the equations of motion for Palatini F(R) gravity by applying an entropy balance law TdS={delta}Q+{delta}N to the local Rindler wedge that can be constructed at each point of spacetime. Unlike previous results for metric F(R), there is no bulk viscosity term in the irreversible flux {delta}N. Both theories are equivalent to particular cases of Brans-Dicke scalar-tensor gravity. We show that the thermodynamical approach can be used ab initio also for this class of gravitational theories and it is able to provide both the metric and scalar equations of motion. In this case, the presence of an additional scalar degree of freedom and the requirement for it to be dynamical naturally imply a separate contribution from the scalar field to the heat flux {delta}Q. Therefore, the gravitational flux previously associated to a bulk viscosity term in metric F(R) turns out to be actually part of the reversible thermodynamics. Hence we conjecture that only the shear viscosity associated with Hartle-Hawking dissipation should be associated with irreversible thermodynamics.

  7. Expanding (n+1)-dimensional wormhole solutions in Brans-Dicke cosmology

    SciTech Connect

    Ebrahimi, E.; Riazi, N.

    2010-01-15

    We have obtained two classes of (n+1)-dimensional wormhole solutions using a traceless energy-momentum tensor in the Brans-Dicke theory of gravity. The first class contains wormhole solutions in an open geometry, while the second contains wormhole solutions in both open and closed universes. In addition to wormhole geometries, naked singularities and maximally symmetric space-time also appear among the solutions as special cases. We have also considered the traversability of the wormhole solutions and have shown that they are indeed traversable. Finally, we have discussed the energy-momentum tensor which supports this geometry and have checked for the energy conditions. We have found that wormhole solutions in the first class of solutions violate the weak energy condition (WEC). In the second class, the wormhole geometries in a closed universe do violate the WEC, but in an open universe with a suitable choice of constants the supporting matter energy-momentum tensor can satisfy the WEC. However, even in this case the full effective energy-momentum tensor including the scalar field and the matter energy-momentum tensor still violates the WEC.

  8. Critical exponent of a quantum-noise-driven phase transition: The open-system Dicke model

    SciTech Connect

    Nagy, D.; Szirmai, G.; Domokos, P.

    2011-10-15

    The quantum phase transition of the Dicke model has been observed recently in a system formed by motional excitations of a laser-driven Bose-Einstein condensate coupled to an optical cavity [Baumann et al., Nature (London) 464, 1301 (2010)]. The cavity-based system is intrinsically open: photons leak out of the cavity where they are detected. Even at zero temperature, the continuous weak measurement of the photon number leads to an irreversible dynamics toward a steady state. In the framework of a generalized Bogoliubov theory, we show that the steady state exhibits a dynamical quantum phase transition. We find that the critical point and the mean field are only slightly modified with respect to the phase transition in the ground state. However, the critical exponents of the singular quantum correlations are significantly different in the two cases. There is also a drastic modification of the atom-field entanglement, since the divergence of the logarithmic negativity of the ground state at the critical point is suppressed and a finite entanglement is found in the steady state.

  9. Critical exponent of a quantum-noise-driven phase transition: The open-system Dicke model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagy, D.; Szirmai, G.; Domokos, P.

    2011-10-01

    The quantum phase transition of the Dicke model has been observed recently in a system formed by motional excitations of a laser-driven Bose-Einstein condensate coupled to an optical cavity [Baumann , Nature (London)NATUAS0028-083610.1038/nature09009 464, 1301 (2010)]. The cavity-based system is intrinsically open: photons leak out of the cavity where they are detected. Even at zero temperature, the continuous weak measurement of the photon number leads to an irreversible dynamics toward a steady state. In the framework of a generalized Bogoliubov theory, we show that the steady state exhibits a dynamical quantum phase transition. We find that the critical point and the mean field are only slightly modified with respect to the phase transition in the ground state. However, the critical exponents of the singular quantum correlations are significantly different in the two cases. There is also a drastic modification of the atom-field entanglement, since the divergence of the logarithmic negativity of the ground state at the critical point is suppressed and a finite entanglement is found in the steady state.

  10. COASTAL CONDITIONS IN THE VIRGINIAN PROVINCE (CAPE COD TO CAPE HENRY)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The U.S. EPA Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) collected ecological condition data during 1990 through 1993 from the estuarine waters of the Virginian Biogeographic Province (Cape Henry to Cape Cod) to answer broad-scale questions on environmental conditions...

  11. Investigation of Solvent Effects on the Rate and Stereoselectivity of the Henry Reaction

    PubMed Central

    Kostal, Jakub; Voutchkova, Adelina M.; Jorgensen, William L.

    2011-01-01

    A combined computational and experimental kinetic study on the Henry reaction is reported. The effects of salvation on the transition structures and the rates of reaction between nitromethane and formaldehyde, and between nitropropane and benzaldehyde are elucidated with QM/MM calculations. PMID:22168236

  12. Community Arts Programs: Cohesion and Difference Case Studies. Henry Street Settlement and El Museo del Barrio

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiebert-Gruen, Cathleen

    2009-01-01

    A comparative case study of two cultural institutions, Henry Street Settlement and El Museo del Barrio, founded almost eighty years apart, were involved in social justice causes and community arts. Although both of these institutions participated in the political activism of their time, they also demonstrated an important adaptability. They were

  13. Planning in Public Education: Lessons from Horace Mann and Henry Barnard

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henkin, Alan B.; Ignasias, C. Dennis

    1978-01-01

    A handful of educational reformers from each generation effectively muster and sustain public support in efforts to advance their visions for education. Here is an account of the efforts of Horace Mann and Henry Barnard acting as educational advocates and consensus builders who evoked public responsiveness and guided their constituencies toward

  14. Fin-de-Siecle Advances in Neuroeducation: Henry Herbert Donaldson and Reuben Post Halleck

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Theodoridou, Zoe D.; Triarhou, Lazaros C.

    2009-01-01

    This article focuses on two early attempts at bridging neuroscience and education, made by Henry Herbert Donaldson (1857-1938), a neurologist, and Reuben Post Halleck (1859-1936), an educator. Their works, respectively entitled "The Growth of the Brain: A Study of the Nervous System in Relation to Education" (1895) and "The Education of the

  15. On New Rhetoric, John Henry Newman and the Language of Metaphors: Implications for Branding Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawler-Brunner, Jennifer Lynne

    2012-01-01

    This project interprets how John Henry Newman's (1801-1890) system of thought informs the philosophical and theoretical grounds for rhetorical praxis in the marketplace. His seminal lessons in "An Essay in Aid of a Grammar of Assent" (1870) and "The Idea of a University" (1873 ed.) demonstrate the metaphoric power of words

  16. Fin-de-Siecle Advances in Neuroeducation: Henry Herbert Donaldson and Reuben Post Halleck

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Theodoridou, Zoe D.; Triarhou, Lazaros C.

    2009-01-01

    This article focuses on two early attempts at bridging neuroscience and education, made by Henry Herbert Donaldson (1857-1938), a neurologist, and Reuben Post Halleck (1859-1936), an educator. Their works, respectively entitled "The Growth of the Brain: A Study of the Nervous System in Relation to Education" (1895) and "The Education of the…

  17. James McHenry: Soldier-Statesmen of the Constitution. A Bicentennial Series, No. 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Army Center of Military History, Washington, DC.

    Less than five years after his first landing in the American colonies, James McHenry, a well-education Scots-Irish immigrant, was serving with the Continental Army outside Boston (Massachusetts), and his military experience led him into a lengthy career of public service where he forcefully and consistently upheld the ideal of a strong central

  18. The Henry Ford Academy: An Innovative Space for Teaching and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    n/a, n/a

    2005-01-01

    Edith Graybill, English instructor at the Henry Ford Academy in Dearborn, Michigan, speaks about her school's English language arts curriculum, the influence of the school on the role of English language arts, the theories of teaching and learning used at the Academy, and other related topics. She believes that most of the students appreciate

  19. Pre-Education Programs: A Comprehensive Project at Henry Ford Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zopf, Deborah; Smyrski, Larry

    This document presents an overview of a four-year comprehensive pre-education project at Henry Ford Community College (HFCC) in Michigan. To meet the needs of school districts that preferred a 32-credit certificate program as well as districts that preferred a 60-unit associate degree, HFCC employed a career-ladder approach: A 32-credit

  20. The Heuristic Method, Precursor of Guided Inquiry: Henry Armstrong and British Girls' Schools, 1890-1920

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rayner-Canham, Geoff; Rayner-Canham, Marelene

    2015-01-01

    Though guided-inquiry learning, discovery learning, student-centered learning, and problem-based learning are commonly believed to be recent new approaches to the teaching of chemistry, in fact, the concept dates back to the late 19th century. Here, we will show that it was the British chemist, Henry Armstrong, who pioneered this technique,

  1. "Once More unto the Breach, Dear Friends": Shakespeare's "Henry V" as a Primer for Leaders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCombs, Gillian M.

    1992-01-01

    The qualities of strong leadership and their applications in library administration are discussed in terms of Shakespeare's "Henry V." It is argued that, unlike the checklists found in management literature, timeless classic texts embody leadership qualities, dynamically illustrating their relevance and applicability. (10 references) (EA)

  2. The Heuristic Method, Precursor of Guided Inquiry: Henry Armstrong and British Girls' Schools, 1890-1920

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rayner-Canham, Geoff; Rayner-Canham, Marelene

    2015-01-01

    Though guided-inquiry learning, discovery learning, student-centered learning, and problem-based learning are commonly believed to be recent new approaches to the teaching of chemistry, in fact, the concept dates back to the late 19th century. Here, we will show that it was the British chemist, Henry Armstrong, who pioneered this technique,…

  3. Neoliberalism, Democracy and the University as a Public Sphere: An Interview with Henry A. Giroux

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harper, Victoria

    2014-01-01

    "Truthout" contributor, director of "Truthout's" Public Intellectual Project (truth-out.org/public-intellectual-project) and Truthout board member Henry A. Giroux responds to questions about how the excesses of neoliberal politics have reshaped and subverted the democratic mission of higher education.

  4. Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine. Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Jim

    This teacher's guide explores Fort McHenry and the British attack on Baltimore Harbor (Maryland) in 1814. The guide contains 11 lessons: (1) "Where in the World Is Baltimore?" (no handout-use classroom resources); (2) "Why Baltimore?" (Handout-Why Baltimore?); (3) "Now Where Do We Place the Fort?" (Handout-Map of Patapsco River/Baltimore Harbor);…

  5. BUBBLE STRIPPING TO DETERMINE HYDROGEN CONCENTRATIONS IN GROUND WATER: A PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF HENRY'S LAW

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Bubble Stripping Method is a chemical testing method that operates on the principle of Henry's Law. It is useful for determining concentrations of hydrogen in well water, and it is capable of detecting concentrations on the order of nanomoles per liter. The method provides ...

  6. Mounting a Curricular Revolution: An Interview with Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    von Zastrow, Claus

    2009-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Harvard professor and cultural critic who has captured 25 million viewers with his PBS documentary series, African American Lives (WNET). Using genealogical research and DNA science, Gates traces the family history of 19 famous African Americans. What results is a rich and moving

  7. Henry David Thoreau: American Transcendentalism and the Implications for Rhetoric in American Civic Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grapsy, Ronald P., Jr.

    The American Philosopher Henry David Thoreau provides modern students an important perspective on the state and operation of democratic institutions and society. Many critics of his philosophy cite the author's inability to live up to his articulated tenets as grounds to dismiss the exhortative writings as idealistic and implausible. This essay…

  8. On New Rhetoric, John Henry Newman and the Language of Metaphors: Implications for Branding Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawler-Brunner, Jennifer Lynne

    2012-01-01

    This project interprets how John Henry Newman's (1801-1890) system of thought informs the philosophical and theoretical grounds for rhetorical praxis in the marketplace. His seminal lessons in "An Essay in Aid of a Grammar of Assent" (1870) and "The Idea of a University" (1873 ed.) demonstrate the metaphoric power of words…

  9. Neostusakia, a new name for preoccupied Stusakia Kment and Henry, 2008 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Berytidae)

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A case of homonymy in the heteropteran family Berytidae is addressed. The genus Stusakia Kment and Henry, 2008 (Hemiptera) is preoccupied by Stusakia Frýda, 1998 (Mollusca: Gastropoda). As a consequence, the replacement name Neostusakia, new name, is proposed. In addition, the only two included s...

  10. Visualizing the Life and Legacy of Henry VIII: Guiding Students with Eight Types of Graphic Organizers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallavan, Nancy P.; Kottler, Ellen

    2010-01-01

    Delving into the life and legacy of Henry VIII is both complex and captivating. People seem compelled to learn more abut his critical contributions and controversial conduct that range from the significant to the scandalous. Reflecting on the history of the world would be incomplete without investigating the events and escapades associated with

  11. Critical Connection: Collegesite/Worksite Learning. High Level Program Integration at McHenry County College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beckstrom, Edward S.; Ungari, June

    In January 1995, Illinois' McHenry County College began development of an occupational initiative to prepare individuals for functioning in the "high performance workplace" of today's technological and informational society. The initiative, "Academy for High Performance," was designed to integrate general education with an occupational curriculum

  12. Henry Herbert Goddard and the Politics of Mental Measurement (1910-1920).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalves, Linda

    The history of the study of human mental ability is an example of the dialectic in social science between those who interpret data within the framework of existing social inequities and those who look for perspectives that might eventually dissolve inequities. The dedication of Henry Herbert Goddard to a belief in the scientific proof of

  13. Henri Wallon's Theory of Early Child Development: The Role of Emotions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van der Veer, Rene

    1996-01-01

    Discusses the stage theory of early child development of French theorist Henri Wallon. Describes Wallon's efforts (in contrast to contemporary Piaget) to describe emotional development and the role emotions play in establishing the child-caregiver bond. Argues that Wallon's theory is unique in its focus, influenced theorists such as Vygotsky, and

  14. Enter the Madcap Prince of Wales: Students Directing "Henry IV, Part I."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Earthman, Elise Ann

    1993-01-01

    Argues that William Shakespeare's "Henry IV, Part I" is an appropriate and useful text for secondary English classrooms. Shows how the play lends itself to performance-based instruction. Outlines ways of accomplishing student engagement, using film versions, and assigning written work. (HB)

  15. The Imaginary World of Henri Rousseau. Teacher's Guide. School Arts: Looking/Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Anne

    While Henri Rousseau's work was not easily classified into any definitive artistic style of the time--impressionism, post-impressionism, fauvism, or cubism--it has been considered a forerunner of surrealism because of its dreamlike sensibility. This teaching guide provides information about Rousseau and his work, focusing on "Tropical Forest with

  16. Henry Giroux and the Politics of Higher Education under George W. Bush: An Interview

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pozo, Mike Alexander

    2005-01-01

    In May of 2004 Henry Giroux, a creator of the field of critical pedagogy and a leading advocate for young people, democracy, and education in the United States, reluctantly left Penn State University after twelve years as a Distinguished Professor in the education department. He has been a critic of the corporatization of and conservative

  17. Control-Structure Ratings on the Fox River at McHenry and Algonquin, Illinois

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Straub, Timothy D.; Johnson, Gary P.; Hortness, Jon E.; Parker, Joseph R.

    2009-01-01

    The Illinois Department of Natural Resources-Office of Water Resources operates control structures on a reach of the Fox River in northeastern Illinois between McHenry and Algonquin. The structures maintain water levels in the river for flood-control and recreational purposes. This report documents flow ratings for hinged-crest gates, a broad-crested weir, sluice gates, and an ogee spillway on the control structures at McHenry and Algonquin. The ratings were determined by measuring headwater and tailwater stage along with streamflow at a wide range of flows at different gate openings. Standard control-structure rating techniques were used to rate each control structure. The control structures at McHenry consist of a 221-feet(ft)-long broad-crested weir, a 4-ft-wide fish ladder, a 50-ft-wide hinged-crest gate, five 13.75-ft-wide sluice gates, and a navigational lock. Sixty measurements were used to rate the McHenry structures. The control structures at Algonquin consist of a 242-ft-long ogee spillway and a 50-ft-wide hinged-crest gate. Forty-one measurements were used to rate the Algonquin control structures.

  18. Reading Henry James: Consciousness and "The Beast in the Jungle" as a Puzzle.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson-Jordan, Jacqueline; Mayer, Charles W.

    2002-01-01

    Describes several of the challenges facing the student of Henry James's work and suggests some ways of meeting them. Focuses on James's later stories, where the problems of understanding are greater than they are in his earlier works. Presents questions and discussion for the four full days to be devoted to this long tale. (SG)

  19. Henry David Thoreau, Martin Luther King Jr., and the American Tradition of Protest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Brent

    1995-01-01

    Maintains that Henry David Thoreau and Martin Luther King, Jr. fundamentally altered the tradition of protest and reform. Compares and contrasts the role of each man in U.S. social and constitutional history. Concludes that while Thoreau lacked the broad influence of King, his writings influenced both King and Mohandas Gandhi. (CFR)

  20. High School Decision-Making at Henry Lord Middle School in Fall River

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bronhard, Aimee A.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate how students at Henry Lord Middle School in Fall River take into consideration their initial college and career aspirations when making their decision for high school. Self-efficacy theory, critical theory, and a literature review related to high school decision-making inform the analysis of

  1. Dissolved-Solids Load in Henrys Fork Upstream from the Confluence with Antelope Wash, Wyoming, Water Years 1970-2009

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Foster, Katharine; Kenney, Terry A.

    2010-01-01

    Annual dissolved-solids load at the mouth of Henrys Fork was estimated by using data from U.S. Geological Survey streamflow-gaging station 09229500, Henrys Fork near Manila, Utah. The annual dissolved-solids load for water years 1970-2009 ranged from 18,300 tons in 1977 to 123,300 tons in 1983. Annual streamflows for this period ranged from 14,100 acre-feet in 1977 to 197,500 acre-feet in 1983. The 25-percent trimmed mean dissolved-solids load for water years 1970-2009 was 44,300 tons per year at Henrys Fork near Manila, Utah. Previous simulations using a SPAtially Referenced Regression On Watershed attributes (SPARROW) model for dissolved solids specific to water year 1991 conditions in the Upper Colorado River Basin predicted an annual dissolved-solids load of 25,000 tons for the Henrys Fork Basin upstream from Antelope Wash. On the basis of computed dissolved-solids load data from Henrys Fork near Manila, Utah, together with estimated annual dissolved-solids load from Antelope Wash and Peoples Canal, this prediction was adjusted to 37,200 tons. As determined by simulations with the Upper Colorado River Basin SPARROW model, approximately 56 percent (14,000 tons per year) of the dissolved-solids load at Henrys Fork upstream from Antelope Wash is associated with the 21,500 acres of irrigated agricultural lands in the upper Henrys Fork Basin.

  2. Bianchi type-III minimally interacting holographic dark energy model with linearly varying deceleration parameter in Brans-Dicke theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kiran, M.; Reddy, D. R. K.; Rao, V. U. M.

    2015-12-01

    In this paper, we study the minimally interacting fields; matter and holographic dark energy components in Bianchi type-III space-time in the frame work of Brans-Dicke (Phys. Rev. 125:961, 1961) scalar-tensor theory of gravitation. We present a Bianchi type-III holographic dark energy model with the help of linearly varying deceleration parameter proposed by Akarsu and Dereli (Int. J. Theor. Phys. 51:612, 2012). Some physical and kinematical properties of the model are also discussed.

  3. Minimally interacting holographic dark energy model in Bianchi type-III universe in Brans-Dicke theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Umadevi, S.; Ramesh, G.

    2015-10-01

    A spatially homogeneous and anisotropic Bianchi type-III universe filled with two minimally interacting fields is investigated: matter and holographic dark energy components in the framework of the Brans-Dicke (Phys. Rev. 124:925, 1961) theory of gravitation. To obtain determinate solutions of the field equations we have used (i) scalar expansion proportional to the shear scalar and (ii) special law of variation for Hubble's parameter proposed by Berman (Nuovo Comento B 74:182, 1983). Some physical and kinematical properties of the model are also discussed.

  4. Quantum interference structures in trapped-ion dynamics beyond the Lamb-Dicke and rotating wave approximations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Dong; Hansson, Tony; Larson, sa; Karlsson, Hans O.; Larson, Jonas

    2008-05-01

    We apply wave-packet methods to study an ion-trap system imposing neither the rotating wave nor the Lamb-Dicke approximations. By this approach we show the existence of states with restricted phase-space evolution as a genuine consequence of quantum interference between wave-packet fractions. A particular instance of such a state oscillates between maximal entanglement and pure disentanglement between the constitute subsystems, where the characteristic crossover time is very rapid. Over longer time periods the dynamics of these states exhibits collapse-revival patterns with well-resolved fractional revivals in autocorrelation, inversion, and entanglement.

  5. Thermodynamics of topological black holes in Brans-Dicke gravity with a power-law Maxwell field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zangeneh, M. Kord; Dehghani, M. H.; Sheykhi, A.

    2015-11-01

    In this paper, we present a new class of higher-dimensional exact topological black hole solutions of the Brans-Dicke theory in the presence of a power-law Maxwell field as the matter source. For this aim, we introduce a conformal transformation which transforms the Einstein-dilaton-power-law Maxwell gravity Lagrangian to the Brans-Dicke-power-law Maxwell theory one. Then, by using this conformal transformation, we obtain the desired solutions. Next, we study the properties of the solutions and conditions under which we have black holes. Interestingly enough, we show that there is a cosmological horizon in the presence of a negative cosmological constant. Finally, we calculate the temperature and charge and then by calculating the Euclidean action, we obtain the mass, the entropy and the electromagnetic potential energy. We find that the entropy does not respect the area law, and also the conserved and thermodynamic quantities are invariant under conformal transformation. Using these thermodynamic and conserved quantities, we show that the first law of black hole thermodynamics is satisfied on the horizon.

  6. Observations of Dicke narrowing and speed dependence in air-broadened CO2 lineshapes near 2.06 ?m

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bui, Thinh Q.; Long, David A.; Cygan, Agata; Sironneau, Vincent T.; Hogan, Daniel W.; Rupasinghe, Priyanka M.; Ciury?o, Roman; Lisak, Daniel; Okumura, Mitchio

    2014-11-01

    Frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectroscopy was used to study CO2 lineshapes in the (20013) ? (00001) band centered near 2.06 ?m. Two rovibrational transitions were chosen for this study to measure non-Voigt collisional effects for air-broadened lines over the pressure range of 7 kPa-28 kPa. Lineshape analysis for both lines revealed evidence of simultaneous Dicke (collisional) narrowing and speed-dependent effects that would introduce biases exceeding 2% in the retrieved air-broadening parameters if not incorporated in the modeling of CO2 lineshapes. Additionally, correlations between velocity- and phase/state changing collisions greatly reduced the observed Dicke narrowing effect. As a result, it was concluded that the most appropriate line profile for modeling CO2 lineshapes near 2.06 ?m was the correlated speed-dependent Nelkin-Ghatak profile, which includes all of the physical effects mentioned above and leads to a consistent set of line shape parameters that are linear with gas pressure.

  7. Enhancement of the thermoelectric figure of merit in DNA-like systems induced by Fano and Dicke effects.

    PubMed

    Fu, Hua-Hua; Gu, Lei; Wu, Dan-Dan; Zhang, Zu-Quan

    2015-04-28

    We report a theoretical study highlighting the thermoelectric properties of biological and synthetic DNA molecules. Based on an effective tight-binding model of duplex DNA and by using the nonequilibrium Green's function technique, the thermal conductance, electrical conductance, Seebeck coefficient and thermoelectric figure of merit in the system are numerically calculated by varying the asymmetries of energies and electronic hoppings in the backbone sites to simulate the environmental complications and fluctuations. We find that due to the multiple transport paths in the DNA molecule, the Fano antiresonance occurs, and enhances the Seebeck coefficient and the figure of merit. When the energy difference is produced in every opposite backbone site, the Dicke effect appears. This effect gives rise to a semiconducting-metallic transition, and enhances the thermoelectric efficiency of the DNA molecule remarkably. Moreover, as the Fano antiresonance point is close to the Dicke resonance one, a giant enhancement in the thermoelectric figure of merit in the DNA molecule has been found. These results provide a scenario to obtain effective routes to enhance the thermoelectric efficiency in the DNA molecules, and suggest perspectives for future experiments intending to control the thermoelectric transport in DNA-like nanodevices. PMID:25826287

  8. An early manuscript in the history of American comparative psychology: Lewis Henry Morgan's "Animal Psychology" (1857).

    PubMed

    Johnston, Timothy D

    2002-11-01

    Lewis Henry Morgan (1818-1881) is best known as the 1st ethnographer of Native American culture, but he also wrote on animal psychology, beginning in 1843, some 50 years before the founding of comparative psychology as a scientific discipline. Although not an evolutionist, Morgan argued that animals possess many human mental abilities, such as reason and moral judgment, and he rejected the scientific utility of the concept of instinct, a view that did not gain much currency in psychology until the rise of behaviorism in the 1920s. This 1857 manuscript, which is in the Lewis Henry Morgan Papers at the University of Rochester in Rochester, New York, formed the basis for the last chapter of his 1868 monograph on the American beaver but gives additional information on his sources and an expanded criticism of the concept of instinct. PMID:12465615

  9. Hydrolase-catalyzed fast Henry reaction of nitroalkanes and aldehydes in organic media.

    PubMed

    Wang, Jun-Liang; Li, Xia; Xie, Hong-Yan; Liu, Bo-Kai; Lin, Xian-Fu

    2010-02-01

    Nitroalkanes underwent fast additions to a variety of structurally diverse aldehydes under the catalysis of d-aminoacylase in DMSO. The influences of reaction conditions including solvents, temperature, enzyme concentration and molar ratio of substrates were systematically investigated. Seventeen products were obtained in short time with moderate to high yields. It is the first report on hydrolase-catalyzed fast Henry reaction in organic solvent. PMID:19963019

  10. William Henry Welch (18501934): the road to Johns Hopkins

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    William Henry Welch's selection in 1884 as the first faculty member of the new medical school at Johns Hopkins created the invigorating atmosphere that generated the revolutionary changes in medical training and laboratory medicine that transformed medicine in America. Dr. Welch's family traditions, his New England upbringing, Yale education, and German university experience prepared a unique individual to lead American medicine into the 20th century. PMID:21738298

  11. "Intersection syndrome" of the foot: treated by endoscopic release of master knot of Henry.

    PubMed

    Lui, T H; Chow, Francis Y H

    2011-05-01

    Intersection syndrome of the forearm is a painful condition in the area where the muscle bellies of the abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis cross the common wrist extensors. A similar case of the foot with marked fibrosis at the interconnection of flexor hallucis longus and flexor digitorum tendons is reported and the fibrous interconnection was extended proximally. This was successfully treated with endoscopic release of the master knot of Henry. PMID:21290112

  12. Speculative Truth - Henry Cavendish, Natural Philosophy, and the Rise of Modern Theoretical Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCormmach, Russell

    2004-03-01

    With a never-before published paper by Lord Henry Cavendish, as well as a biography on him, this book offers a fascinating discourse on the rise of scientific attitudes and ways of knowing. A pioneering British physicist in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Cavendish was widely considered to be the first full-time scientist in the modern sense. Through the lens of this unique thinker and writer, this book is about the birth of modern science.

  13. Astronomical Influences of Henry Hindley, Clockmaker in 18th Century York, England.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abrahams, P.

    2005-12-01

    Henry Hindley (1701-1771), was an innovative clockmaker who influenced the development of the astronomical instrumentation of his time. Hindley fabricated two telescopes, using a very early version of an equatorial drive with a complex worm gear. He developed a dividing engine, and new techniques for graduating circles, which were published and utilized to improve the accuracy of positional astronomy. Hindley's designs and techniques were used by James Short, Jesse Ramsden, and other instrument makers.

  14. Implications of Two Well-Known Models for Instructional Designers in Distance Education: Dick-Carey versus Morrison-Ross-Kemp

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akbulut, Yavuz

    2007-01-01

    This paper first summarizes, and then compares and contrasts two well-known instructional design models: Dick and Carey Model (DC) and Morrison, Ross and Kemp model (MRK). The target audiences of both models are basically instructional designers. Both models have applications for different instructional design settings. They both see the

  15. The last ride of Henry II of France: orbital injury and a king's demise.

    PubMed

    Eftekhari, Kian; Choe, Christina H; Vagefi, M Reza; Eckstein, Lauren A

    2015-01-01

    Jousting was a popular pastime for royalty in the Renaissance era. Injuries were common, and the eye was particularly at risk from the splinters of the wooden lance. On June 30, 1559, Henry II of France participated in a jousting tournament to celebrate two royal weddings. In the third match, Gabriel de Montgomery struck Henry on the right shoulder and the lance splintered, sending wooden shards into his face and right orbit. Despite being cared for by the prominent physicians Ambroise Paré and Andreas Vesalius, the king died 10 days later and was found to have a cerebral abscess. The wound was not explored immediately after the injury; nevertheless, wooden foreign bodies were discovered in the orbit at the time of autopsy. The dura had not been violated, suggesting that an infection may have traveled from the orbit into the brain. Nostradamus and Luca Guarico, the astrologer to the Medici family, had prophesied the death of Henry II of France, but he ignored their warnings and thus changed the course of history in Renaissance Europe. PMID:25890627

  16. The delusion of the Master: the last days of Henry James.

    PubMed

    Bartolomeo, Paolo

    2013-11-01

    The novelist Henry James shared with his brother William, the author of the Principles of Psychology, a deep interest in the ways in which personal identity is built through one's history and experiences. At the end of his life, Henry James suffered a vascular stroke in the right hemisphere and developed a striking identity delusion. He dictated in a perfectly clear and coherent manner two letters as if they were written by Napoleon Bonaparte. He also showed signs of reduplicative paramnesia. Negative symptoms resulting from right hemisphere damage may disrupt the feelings of "warmth and intimacy and immediacy" and the "resemblance among the parts of a continuum of feelings (especially bodily feelings)", which are the foundation of personal identity according to William James. On the other hand, a left hemisphere receiving inadequate input from the damaged right hemisphere may produce positive symptoms such as delusional, confabulatory narratives. Other fragments dictated during Henry James's final disease reveal some form of insight, if partial and disintegrated, into his condition. Thus, even when consciousness is impaired by brain damage, something of its deep nature may persist, as attested by the literary characteristics of the last fragments of the Master. PMID:24057119

  17. Henry's law constants and micellar partitioning of volatile organic compounds in surfactant solutions

    SciTech Connect

    Vane, L.M.; Giroux, E.L.

    2000-02-01

    Partitioning of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into surfactant micelles affects the apparent vapor-liquid equilibrium of VOCs in surfactant solutions. This partitioning will complicate removal of VOCs from surfactant solutions by standard separation processes. Headspace experiments were performed to quantify the effect of four anionic surfactants and one nonionic surfactant on the Henry's law constants of 1,1,1-trichloroethane, tirchloroethylene, toluene, and tetrachloroethylene at temperatures ranging from 30 to 60 C. Although the Henry's law constant increased markedly with temperature for all solutions, the amount of VOC in micelles relative to that in the extramicellar region was comparatively insensitive to temperature. The effect of adding sodium chloride and isopropyl alcohol as consolutes also was evaluated. Significant partitioning of VOCs into miscelles was observed, with the micellar partitioning coefficient (tendency to partition from water into mecelle) increasing according to the following series: trichloroethane < trichloroethylene < toluene < tetrachloroethylene. The addition of surfactant was capable of reversing the normal sequence observed in Henry's law constants for these four VOCs.

  18. Bedrock and Sediment Controls on Channel Morphology in the Henry Mountains, Utah

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson, J. P.; Whipple, K. X.

    2003-12-01

    Mixed bedrock-alluvial channels on and around the Henry Mountains and Navajo Mountain, southeast Utah, are ideal for unraveling the interconnected controls of sediment flux and bedrock properties on fluvial incision into bedrock because (1) channels incise through a range of lithologies with widely varying physical properties, and (2) sediment types vary systematically and predictably in different channels, with extreme differences in the durability and size distribution of sediment. Tertiary intrusive rocks (diorite) form the cores of the Henry Mountains and sedimentary units surround the central peaks, primarily alternating between sandstones and shales. Channels that tap into diorite at the peaks of the Henry Mountains tend to have smoothly concave profiles, and sediment in these channels has a strongly bimodal distribution, consisting primarily of quartz sand and large diorite clasts. The observed size distribution is caused by the dramatic difference in durability between the igneous intrusive rocks and the surrounding sedimentary units. In contrast, Navajo Mountain exposes the same sedimentary sequence but has no exposed intrusive rock, and therefore no source for durable diorite sediment. Channels on both the Henry Mountains and Navajo Mountain that do not source igneous intrusives but only cut into sedimentary units have more variable channel profiles, with steps and slope changes that often correlate with mapped geologic units, and these channels transport sand and sandstone clasts. DEM and remote sensing analysis and qualitative field observations suggest that systematic variations in slope-area scaling and channel morphology (slope, width, percent rock exposure, erosional bed forms, roughness) occur as functions of substrate lithology and diorite sediment supply. The tools and cover theory of sediment supply and bedrock erosion, first hypothesized by Grove Karl Gilbert in his report Geology of the Henry Mountains and recently explored experimentally and theoretically by other researchers, may be the channel-scale mechanism that causes the observed rougher and smoother longitudinal profiles. In some places, high channel slopes over resistant bedrock lithologies in channels with little diorite sediment may represent less efficient local erosion due to a lack of large and durable diorite clasts (one aspect of the tools effect). Conversely, the cover effect is seen where channel slopes appear to be set by the need to transport coarse diorite sediment, as slopes are often significantly steeper over diorite clast-laden reaches than over bare bedrock or sand-laden reaches. Further research may allow the evaluation and refinement of specific erosion models, in particular focusing on ways that variable bedrock lithology affects sedimentation, channel incision and landscape response.

  19. Intermediate accelerated solutions as generic late-time attractors in a modified Jordan-Brans-Dicke theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cid, Antonella; Leon, Genly; Leyva, Yoelsy

    2016-02-01

    In this paper we investigate the evolution of a Jordan-Brans-Dicke scalar field, Φ, with a power-law potential in the presence of a second scalar field, phi, with an exponential potential, in both the Jordan and the Einstein frames. We present the relation of our model with the induced gravity model with power-law potential and the integrability of this kind of models is discussed when the quintessence field phi is massless, and has a small velocity. The fact that for some fine-tuned values of the parameters we may get some integrable cosmological models, makes our choice of potentials very interesting. We prove that in Jordan-Brans-Dicke theory, the de Sitter solution is not a natural attractor. Instead, we show that the attractor in the Jordan frame corresponds to an ``intermediate accelerated'' solution of the form a(t) simeq eα1 tp1, as t → ∞ where α1 > 0 and 0 < p1 < 1, for a wide range of parameters. Furthermore, when we work in the Einstein frame we get that the attractor is also an ``intermediate accelerated'' solution of the form fraktur a(fraktur t) simeq eα2 fraktur tp2 as fraktur t → ∞ where α2 > 0 and 0Dicke theory.

  20. Algebraic Bethe anstze and eigenvalue-based determinants for Dicke-Jaynes-Cummings-Gaudin quantum integrable models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tschirhart, Hugo; Faribault, Alexandre

    2014-10-01

    In this work, we construct an alternative formulation to the traditional algebraic Bethe anstze for quantum integrable models derived from a generalized rational Gaudin algebra realized in terms of a collection of spins 1/2 coupled to a single bosonic mode. The ensemble of resulting models which we call Dicke-Jaynes-Cummings-Gaudin models are particularly relevant for the description of light-matter interaction in the context of quantum optics. Having two distinct ways to write any eigenstate of these models we then combine them in order to write overlaps and form factors of local operators in terms of partition functions with domain wall boundary conditions. We also demonstrate that they can all be written in terms of determinants of matrices whose entries only depend on the eigenvalues of the conserved charges. Since these eigenvalues obey a much simpler set of quadratic Bethe equations, the resulting expressions could then offer important simplifications for the numerical treatment of these models.

  1. Three Averaging Techniques for Reduction of Antenna Temperature Variance Measured by a Dicke Mode, C-Band Radiometer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mackenzie, Anne I.; Lawrence, Roland W.

    2000-01-01

    As new radiometer technologies provide the possibility of greatly improved spatial resolution, their performance must also be evaluated in terms of expected sensitivity and absolute accuracy. As aperture size increases, the sensitivity of a Dicke mode radiometer can be maintained or improved by application of any or all of three digital averaging techniques: antenna data averaging with a greater than 50% antenna duty cycle, reference data averaging, and gain averaging. An experimental, noise-injection, benchtop radiometer at C-band showed a 68.5% reduction in Delta-T after all three averaging methods had been applied simultaneously. For any one antenna integration time, the optimum 34.8% reduction in Delta-T was realized by using an 83.3% antenna/reference duty cycle.

  2. On the relationship between the classical Dicke-Jaynes-Cummings-Gaudin model and the nonlinear Schroedinger equation

    SciTech Connect

    Du, Dianlou; Geng, Xue

    2013-05-15

    In this paper, the relationship between the classical Dicke-Jaynes-Cummings-Gaudin (DJCG) model and the nonlinear Schroedinger (NLS) equation is studied. It is shown that the classical DJCG model is equivalent to a stationary NLS equation. Moreover, the standard NLS equation can be solved by the classical DJCG model and a suitably chosen higher order flow. Further, it is also shown that classical DJCG model can be transformed into the classical Gaudin spin model in an external magnetic field through a deformation of Lax matrix. Finally, the separated variables are constructed on the common level sets of Casimir functions and the generalized action-angle coordinates are introduced via the Hamilton-Jacobi equation.

  3. Evolution of white dwarfs as a probe of theories of gravitation: the case of Brans-Dicke

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benvenuto, O. G.; Althaus, L. G.; Torres, Diego F.

    1999-05-01

    Theories with varying gravitational constant G have long been studied. Among them, the most promising candidates as alternatives to standard general relativity are known as scalar-tensor theories. They are consistent descriptions of the observed Universe as well as the low-energy limit of several pictures of unified interactions. Thus, increasing interest in the astrophysical, gravitational wave and pulsar evolution consequences of such theories has been sparked over the last few years. In this work we study the evolution of white dwarf stars in the framework of the simplest model of scalar-tensor theory: Brans-Dicke gravity. We assume that the star is able to see the cosmological evolution of G (obtained from relativistic equations) while adopting a Newtonian model for describing its structure. This allows us to determine how the G variation affects the energetics of the stellar interior. The white dwarfs are analysed employing a well-tested computer code, with state-of-the-art data for the equation of state, opacities, neutrinos, etc.; all these characteristics are carefully described in the text. We compute the theoretical white dwarf luminosity function and use previous observational data to compare with and extract conclusions on the feasibility of the gravitational theory analysed. We find several striking results. The cooling of white dwarfs is strongly accelerated, particularly for massive stars and low luminosities, even if the ? parameter of Brans-Dicke theory is big enough to accord well with any other test of gravitation. This uncommon cooling process translates into several distinctive features of white dwarf evolution, among which are (a) a new profile of luminosity versus fractional mass and age, (b) different central temperature versus surface luminosity, (c) low masses of progenitors, and most importantly (d) an appreciable variation in the luminosity function. We finally analyse the possibilities of, when precise data with unique interpretation are available, converting this into a powerful new test of gravitation.

  4. Aaptamines from the Marine Sponge Aaptos sp. Display Anticancer Activities in Human Cancer Cell Lines and Modulate AP-1-, NF-?B-, and p53-Dependent Transcriptional Activity in Mouse JB6 Cl41 Cells

    PubMed Central

    Fedorov, Sergey N.; Shubina, Larisa K.; Kuzmich, Alexandra S.; Bokemeyer, Carsten; Keller-von Amsberg, Gunhild; Honecker, Friedemann

    2014-01-01

    Aaptamine (8,9-dimethoxy-1H-benzo[de][1,6]naphthyridine) is a marine natural compound possessing antioxidative, antimicrobial, antifungal, and antiretroviral activity. Earlier, we have found that aaptamine and its derivatives demonstrate equal anticancer effects against the human germ cell cancer cell lines NT2 and NT2-R and cause some changes in the proteome of these cells. In order to explore further the mechanism of action of aaptamine and its derivatives, we studied the effects of aaptamine (1), demethyl(oxy)aaptamine (2), and isoaaptamine (3) on human cancer cell lines and on AP-1-, NF-?B-, and p53-dependent transcriptional activity in murine JB6 Cl41 cells. We showed that compounds 13 demonstrate anticancer activity in THP-1, HeLa, SNU-C4, SK-MEL-28, and MDA-MB-231 human cancer cell lines. Additionally, all compounds were found to prevent EGF-induced neoplastic transformation of murine JB6 Cl41 cells. Nuclear factors AP-1, NF-?B, and p53 are involved in the cellular response to high and nontoxic concentrations of aaptamine alkaloids 13. Furthermore, inhibition of EGF-induced JB6 cell transformation, which is exerted by the compounds 13 at low nontoxic concentrations of 0.72.1??M, cannot be explained by activation of AP-1 and NF-?B. PMID:25215281

  5. Cr(VI) induces mitochondrial-mediated and caspase-dependent apoptosis through reactive oxygen species-mediated p53 activation in JB6 Cl41 cells

    SciTech Connect

    Son, Young-Ok; Hitron, J. Andrew; Wang Xin; Chang Qingshan; Pan Jingju; Zhang Zhuo; Liu Jiankang; Wang Shuxia; Lee, Jeong-Chae; Shi Xianglin

    2010-06-01

    Cr(VI) compounds are known to cause serious toxic and carcinogenic effects. Cr(VI) exposure can lead to a severe damage to the skin, but the mechanisms involved in the Cr(VI)-mediated toxicity in the skin are unclear. The present study examined whether Cr(VI) induces cell death by apoptosis or necrosis using mouse skin epidermal cell line, JB6 Cl41 cells. We also investigated the cellular mechanisms of Cr(VI)-induced cell death. This study showed that Cr(VI) induced apoptotic cell death in a dose-dependent manner, as demonstrated by the appearance of cell shrinkage, the migration of cells into the sub-G1 phase, the increase of Annexin V positively stained cells, and the formation of nuclear DNA ladders. Cr(VI) treatment resulted in the increases of mitochondrial membrane depolarization and caspases activation. Electron spin resonance (ESR) and fluorescence analysis revealed that Cr(VI) increased intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion radical in dose-dependent manner. Blockage of p53 by si-RNA transfection suppressed mitochondrial changes of Bcl-2 family composition, mitochondrial membrane depolarization, caspase activation and PARP cleavage, leading to the inhibition of Cr(VI)-induced apoptosis. Further, catalase treatment prevented p53 phosphorylation stimulated by Cr(VI) with the concomitant inhibition of caspase activation. These results suggest that Cr(VI) induced a mitochondrial-mediated and caspase-dependent apoptosis in skin epidermal cells through activation of p53, which are mainly mediated by reactive oxidants generated by the chemical.

  6. The Henry Cecil Ranson McBay Chair in Space Science

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bota, Kofi B.; King, James, Jr.

    1999-01-01

    The goals and objectives of the Henry Cecil Ransom McBay Chair in Space Sciences were to: (1) provide leadership in developing and expanding Space Science curriculum; (2) contribute to the research and education endeavors of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth program; (3) expand opportunities for education and hands-on research in Space and Earth Sciences; (4) enhance scientific and technological literacy at all educational levels and to increase awareness of opportunities in the Space Sciences; and (5) develop a pipeline, starting with high school, of African American students who will develop into a cadre of well-trained scientists with interest in Space Science Research and Development.

  7. Temperature-dependent Henry's law constants of atmospheric organics of biogenic origin.

    PubMed

    Leng, Chunbo; Kish, J Duncan; Kelley, Judas; Mach, Mindy; Hiltner, Joseph; Zhang, Yunhong; Liu, Yong

    2013-10-10

    There have been growing interests in modeling studies to understand oxidation of volatile organic compounds in the gas phase and their mass transfer to the aqueous phase for their potential roles in cloud chemistry, formation of secondary organic aerosols, and fate of atmospheric organics. Temperature-dependent Henry's law constants, key parameters in the atmospheric models to account for mass transfer, are often unavailable. In the present work, we investigated gas-liquid equilibriums of isoprene, limonene, α-pinene, and linalool using a bubble column technique. These compounds, originating from biogenic sources, were selected for their implications in atmospheric cloud chemistry and secondary organic aerosol formation. We reported Henry's law constants (K(H)), first order loss rates (k), and gas phase diffusion coefficients over a range of temperatures relevant to the lower atmosphere (278-298 K) for the first time. The measurement results of K(H) values for isoprene, limonene, α-pinene, and linalool at 298 K were 0.036 ± 0.003; 0.048 ± 0.004; 0.029 ± 0.004; and 21.20 ± 0.30 mol L(-1) atm(-1), respectively. The fraction for these compounds in stratocumulus and cumulonimbus clouds at 278 K were also estimated in this work (isoprene, 1.0 × 10(-6), 6.8 × 10(-6); limonene, 1.5 × 10(-6), 1.0 × 10(-5); α-pinene, 4.5 × 10(-7), 3.1 × 10(-6); and linalool, 6.2 × 10(-4), 4.2 × 10(-3)). Our measurements in combination with literature results indicated that noncyclic alkenes could have smaller K(H) values than those of cyclic terpenes and that K(H) values may increase with an increasing number of double bonds. It was also shown that estimated Henry's law constants and their temperature dependence based on model prediction can differ from experimental results considerably and that direct measurements of temperature-dependent Henry's law constants of atmospheric organics are necessary for future work. PMID:24020856

  8. Henri Wallon's Theory of Early Child Development: The Role of Emotions

    PubMed

    Veer

    1996-12-01

    The present paper gives an account of part of the stage theory of early child development of the French theorist Henri Wallon (1879-1962). Unlike his contemporary Jean Piaget, Wallon concentrated his efforts upon a description of the child's emotional development and the role emotions play in establishing the bond between child and caregiver. The description of Wallon's stage theory is preceded by biographical information and a presentation of his methodological views. It is argued that Wallon's theory is unique in its focus, exerted influence upon theorists such as Lev Vygotsky, and is basically compatible with modern insights about the nature of child development and the growth of intersubjectivity. PMID:8979855

  9. Ground-water aspects of the lower Henrys Fork region, Idaho

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Crosthwaite, E.J.; Mundorff, M.J.; Walker, E.H.

    1967-01-01

    The lower Henrys Fork region includes the plains and low benches between Ashton and the junction of Henrys Fork and Snake River in eastern Idaho. The northwestern and western parts of the area are part of the Snake River lava plain. The central part of the area is occupied by alluvial plains of the Snake, Teton, and Falls Rivers, and Henrys Fork. The southeastern part of the area is a bench (Rexburg Bench), chiefly on silicic and basaltic volcanic rocks, which rises gradually to mountain peaks southeast of the area. The basalt, and the sand and gravel under the alluvial plains are good aquifers and yield large amounts of water with small drawdowns. The silicic volcanic rocks and the interbedded ash, pyroclastics, and sedimentary deposits generally yield much less water than the basalt and alluvium. The regional water table slopes southward beneath the basalt and alluvial plains. Seepage from stream channels and irrigated tracts has resulted in an extensive body of ground water perched above the regional water table. The perched water in part moves vertically down to the regional water table and in part laterally to the streams. Ground water beneath the Rexburg Bench moves generally northwestward to join the regional ground-water body beneath the alluvial plain. The regional water table is below the level of the streams in the area and ground water in the main aquifer, therefore is not tributary to the streams. Recharge to the regional water table is estimated to average 725,000 acre-feet annually. Pumping from the regional ground-water reservoir for irrigation or other uses would have no effect on streamflow or surface-water rights within the study area. However, depletion of the underflow would eventually reduce the inflow to American Falls Reservoir unless the depletion was offset by additional recharge. Total withdrawals of ground water for irrigation in 1962 were estimated to be 25,000 acre-feet and caused no significant decline in the water table. In the Ashton area surface-water irrigation has cause water to be perched in basalt above the silicic volcanic rocks and much of this perched water contributed to streamflow. The flow of Henrys Fork would be decreased by the amount of pumped ground water consumed by crops. Ground-water prospects for irrigation in the Falls River area are not encouraging.

  10. [Sauveur-Henri-Victor Bouvier (1799-1877): orthopaedist, surgeon and promoter of physical education].

    PubMed

    Monet, Jacques; Quin, Grgory

    2013-01-01

    This article establishes the biography of a little known physician of the 19th century., whose commitment with orthopaedics and formulation of medical gymnastics was important: the surgeon-orthopaedist Sauveur-Henri-Victor Bouvier. Several constitutive processes of the medical field of the 19th century are analysed: specialization (around orthopaedics), professionalization and development of various therapeutic and hygienic methods (among them medical gymnastics). Bouvier's biography is particularly instructive and sheds new light on these different processes, as well as on the institutionalization of orthopaedics from the 1820's up to the 1870's, at the intersection between medical and educative fields, between hospital, medical faculty and teaching of gymnastics. PMID:24308261

  11. Stapedotomy: the JB Causse technique.

    PubMed

    Causse, J B; Lopez, A; Juberthie, L; Olivier, J C

    1991-09-01

    The Jean-Bernard Causse technique of stapedotomy, derived from Jean Ren Causse "Teflon-interposition" technique, offers an optimum reconstitution of the function of the annular ligament of the stapes footplate. The quantity and quality of hearing depend significantly, among other things, on the function of the stapes footplate annular ligament. Its impedance keeps the perilymph motion within a physiological acoustic amplitude quantum level unless the movements are so excessive as in barotrauma and acoustic trauma which would have overworked even the annular ligament of a normal footplate. This surgical technique permits snorkling, scuba-diving, airplane landing, eustachian tube dysfunction after surgery as in a normal individual who did not undergo otosclerosis surgery. A comparative study on the postoperative hearing based on 3,000 out of 14,000 cases done by J C Bausse technique, 127 cases with small fenestra technique and 267 cases of complete platinectomy showed too large stapedotomy gives poor high tones and too small stapedotomy poor low tones. Five year follow-up on the hearing loss indicated that total platinoctomy has 1.7 times more alteration of 4 kHz frequency in comparison to the technique reconstituting the annular ligament. Yearly audiogram to check the evolution of cochlear otospongiosis may lead the surgeon to prescribe sodium fluoride if the mid-frequencies are deteriorating and vascular drugs if the high pitch frequencies are deteriorating. PMID:1781646

  12. General integrable n-level, many-mode Janes-Cummings-Dicke models and classical r-matrices with spectral parameters

    SciTech Connect

    Skrypnyk, T. E-mail: tskrypnyk@imath.kiev.ua

    2015-02-15

    Using the technique of classical r-matrices and quantum Lax operators, we construct the most general form of the quantum integrable “n-level, many-mode” spin-boson Jaynes-Cummings-Dicke-type hamiltonians describing an interaction of a molecule of N n-level atoms with many modes of electromagnetic field and containing, in general, additional non-linear interaction terms. We explicitly obtain the corresponding quantum Lax operators and spin-boson analogs of the generalized Gaudin hamiltonians and prove their quantum commutativity. We investigate symmetries of the obtained models that are associated with the geometric symmetries of the classical r-matrices and construct the corresponding algebra of quantum integrals. We consider in detail three classes of non-skew-symmetric classical r-matrices with spectral parameters and explicitly obtain the corresponding quantum Lax operators and Jaynes-Cummings-Dicke-type hamiltonians depending on the considered r-matrix.

  13. Asymmetric aza-Henry reaction under phase transfer catalysis: an experimental and theoretical study.

    PubMed

    Gomez-Bengoa, Enrique; Linden, Anthony; Lpez, Rosa; Mgica-Mendiola, Idoia; Oiarbide, Mikel; Palomo, Claudio

    2008-06-25

    An efficient catalytic asymmetric aza-Henry reaction under phase transfer conditions is presented. The method is based on the reaction of the respective nitroalkane with alpha-amido sulfones effected by CsOH x H2O base in toluene as solvent and in the presence of cinchone-derived ammonium catalysts. This direct aza-Henry reaction presents as interesting features its validity for both nonenolizable and enolizable aldehyde-derived azomethines and the tolerance of nitroalkanes, other than nitromethane, for the production of beta-nitroamines. The synthetic value of the methodology described is demonstrated by providing (a) a direct route for the asymmetric synthesis of differently substituted 1,2-diamines and (b) a new asymmetric synthesis of gamma-amino alpha,beta-unsaturated esters through a catalytic, highly enantioselective formal addition of functionalized alkenyl groups to azomethines. Finally, a preferred TS that nicely fits the observed enantioselectivity has been identified. Most remarkable, an unusual hydrogen bond pattern for the catalyst-nitrocompound-imine complex is predicted, where the catalyst OH group interacts with the NO2 group of the nitrocompound. PMID:18510320

  14. Preventing child obesity: a long-term evaluation of the HENRY approach.

    PubMed

    Brown, Rebecca E; Willis, Thomas A; Aspinall, Nichola; Candida, Hunt; George, Jackie; Rudolf, Mary C J

    2013-07-01

    Childhood obesity has reached epidemic levels, yet many health professionals lack confidence in working with parents around lifestyle change. HENRY (Health Exercise Nutrition for the Really Young) aims to tackle this through training practitioners to work more effectively with parents of preschoolers around obesity and lifestyle issues.We evaluated the long-term impact of HENRY training on health professionals' knowledge, skills and confidence in tackling obesity prevention. All practitioners trained 2007-11 (n = 1601) were invited to complete an online survey. 237 emails (14.8%) were undeliverable; 354 (26.0%) of the remainder completed the survey. A majority (67%) reported using knowledge and skills gained on a regular basis in their professional lives. Sessions on the importance of empathy and key parenting skills were considered particularly useful, with 78% and 74% respectively reporting regular use of these skills. Effects on respondents' personal lives were also reported: 61% applied the knowledge and skills at home, identifying for example, more shared family mealtimes and reduced portion sizes. The impact endures, with 71% of those undergoing training > 12 months ago, stating that they continued to use concepts in their professional lives. The findings suggest that brief training can have a sustained impact on practitioners' professional and personal lives. PMID:23914474

  15. Thermodynamics of Si(OH)4 in the vapor phase of water: Henrys and vapor-liquid distribution constants, fugacity and cross virial coefficients

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Plyasunov, Andrey V.

    2012-01-01

    The fugacity coefficients of Si(OH)4 are evaluated from solubilities of solid phases of SiO2 in the vapor phase of water. The virial equation of state, truncated at the third virial coefficient, is employed to describe the fugacity coefficients of Si(OH)4. The temperature dependencies of the second, B12, and the third, C112, cross virial coefficients for H2O-Si(OH)4 interactions are approximated by empirical relations. It is found that silica-water interactions in the vapor phase are significantly more non-ideal compared to water-water interactions. Knowledge of B12 and C112 allows calculation of solubilities of quartz (Q) and amorphous silica (AS) in steam up to the density of 200 kg m-3 in satisfactory agreement with available data, and should provide reasonable solubility values at temperatures where no experimental results exist. The calculated values of the solubility of Q and AS in saturated vapor up to the critical temperature of water, Tc, are tabulated. The partial molar properties of dilute solutes close to the critical point of water are governed by the Krichevskii parameter, the value of which for Si(OH)4 is evaluated from available data (mainly vapor-liquid distribution constants for silica) to be equal to -187 10 MPa. The knowledge of the thermodynamic properties of Si(OH)4 in the ideal gas state and in the state of the standard solution in liquid water allows calculating Henrys constant, kH, for Si(OH)4 up to 623.15 K at water saturation pressure P1?. The theoretically-based equation, containing the Krichevskii parameter, allows extrapolating kH values all the way toward the critical temperature of water. This, in turn, makes possible calculation of the solubility of quartz and amorphous silica in liquid water at P1? at all temperatures up to Tc. The presented results should be useful for modeling solid-liquid-vapor, solid-vapor and liquid-vapor equilibria in the H2O-SiO2 system at steam densities up to 200 kg m-3.

  16. Data set for background investigation of atmospheric constituents for Cape Henry site: August 5-22, 1974

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    The laboratory was located within the Fort Story Military Reservation at Cape Henry between 5 August and 21 August 1974. Total sulfur, total hydrocarbons, NO, NO2, Nox, and O3 were monitored and reported as hourly averages. Visibility was measured using an integrating nephelometer and reported as hourly averages. Twenty-four hour averaged mass loading was determined using two high volume air samplers located on different levels (25' and 50') at the site. Temperature, wind speed, relative humidity, barometric pressure and solar radiation intensity were measured at the site or supplemented by readings taken by the U. S. Coast Guard at the Cape Henry Light House.

  17. Ground-water aspects of the lower Henrys Fork region, eastern Idaho

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Crosthwaite, E.G.; Mundorff, Maurice John; Walker, Eugene H.

    1970-01-01

    The lower Henrys Fork region in eastern Idaho includes the plains and low benches between Ashton and the junction of Henrys Fork and Snake River. The northwestern and western parts of the area are part of the Snake River basalt plain. The central part of the area is occupied by alluvial plains of the Snake, Teton, and Falls Rivers and of Henrys Fork. The alluvial deposits are underlain by basalt. The southeastern part of the area is a bench (Rexburg Bench), chiefly on silicic and basaltic volcanic rocks, which rises gradually to mountain peaks (Big Hole Mountains) southeast of the area. Irrigation wells open to the basalt under the Snake River Plain and the basalt and sands and gravels under the alluvial plains yield large amounts of water with small drawdowns. Irrigation wells in the silicic volcanic rocks and the interbedded ash, pyroclastics, and sedimentary deposits beneath the Rexburg Bench generally yield much less water. The regional water table slopes southwestward beneath the basalt and alluvial plains. It is recharged by precipitation that infiltrates into the ground in the headwaters of Henrys Fork and Falls, and Teton Rivers and by water that moves downward from an extensive perched water body caused by seepage from stream channels and surface-water irrigation. The perched water in part moves vertically down to the regional water table and in part laterally to the streams. Ground water beneath the Rexburg Bench moves generally northwestward to join the regional ground-water body beneath the alluvia,1 and basalt plain, but this area contributes very little recharge to the main aquifer body. Recharge to the regional water table is estimated to average 725,000 acre-feet annually. The regional water table is below the level of the streams in the area, and ground water in the main aquifer, therefore, is not tributary to the streams. Pumping from the regional ground-water reservoir for irrigation or other uses would have no effect on streamflow or surface-water rights within the study area. However, depletion of the underflow would eventually reduce the inflow to American Falls Reservoir, unless the depletion was offset by additional recharge. Total withdrawals of ground water for irrigation in 1962, principally in the Rexburg Bench, were estimated to be 25,000 acre-feet. About 10,000 acre-feet was withdrawn for domestic, municipal, and stock supplies. These withdrawals caused no significant decline in the water table. In the Ashton area, surface-water irrigation has caused water to be perched in basalt above the silicic volcanic rocks, and much of' this perched water contributes to streamflow. Some ground water can be pumped from the basalt for irrigation and other uses. If ground water were pumped for irrigation, the flow of Henrys Fork would be decreased by the amount of pumped water consumed by crops. Water pumped for nonconsumptive use would have little effect on streamflow. Ground-water prospects for irrigation in the Falls River area are not encouraging.

  18. The Politics of Knowledge and the Revitalization of American Democracy: A Response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fraser, Cary

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the author's response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex." Henry Giroux has written a provocative assessment of the contemporary challenges facing the United States as a society, which over the course of the 20th century had assumed the role of leader and exemplar…

  19. The Politics of Knowledge and the Revitalization of American Democracy: A Response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fraser, Cary

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the author's response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex." Henry Giroux has written a provocative assessment of the contemporary challenges facing the United States as a society, which over the course of the 20th century had assumed the role of leader and exemplar

  20. High-titer n-butanol production by clostridium acetobutylicum JB200 in fed-batch fermentation with intermittent gas stripping.

    PubMed

    Xue, Chuang; Zhao, Jingbo; Lu, Congcong; Yang, Shang-Tian; Bai, Fengwu; Tang, I-Ching

    2012-11-01

    Acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation with a hyper-butanol producing Clostridium acetobutylicum JB200 was studied for its potential to produce a high titer of butanol that can be readily recovered with gas stripping. In batch fermentation without gas stripping, a final butanol concentration of 19.1 g/L was produced from 86.4 g/L glucose consumed in 78 h, and butanol productivity and yield were 0.24 g/L h and 0.21 g/g, respectively. In contrast, when gas stripping was applied intermittently in fed-batch fermentation, 172 g/L ABE (113.3 g/L butanol, 49.2 g/L acetone, 9.7 g/L ethanol) were produced from 474.9 g/L glucose in six feeding cycles over 326 h. The overall productivity and yield were 0.53 g/L h and 0.36 g/g for ABE and 0.35 g/L h and 0.24 g/g for butanol, respectively. The higher productivity was attributed to the reduced butanol concentration in the fermentation broth by gas stripping that alleviated butanol inhibition, whereas the increased butanol yield could be attributed to the reduced acids accumulation as most acids produced in acidogenesis were reassimilated by cells for ABE production. The intermittent gas stripping produced a highly concentrated condensate containing 195.9 g/L ABE or 150.5 g/L butanol that far exceeded butanol solubility in water. After liquid-liquid demixing or phase separation, a final product containing ~610 g/L butanol, ~40 g/L acetone, ~10 g/L ethanol, and no acids was obtained. Compared to conventional ABE fermentation, the fed-batch fermentation with intermittent gas stripping has the potential to reduce at least 90% of energy consumption and water usage in n-butanol production from glucose. PMID:22627864

  1. Mapping Henry: Synchrotron-sourced X-ray fluorescence mapping and ultra-high-definition scanning of an early Tudor portrait of Henry VIII

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dredge, Paula; Ives, Simon; Howard, Daryl L.; Spiers, Kathryn M.; Yip, Andrew; Kenderdine, Sarah

    2015-11-01

    A portrait of Henry VIII on oak panel c. 1535 has recently undergone technical examination to inform questions regarding authorship and the painting's relationship to a group of similar works in the collections of the National Portrait Gallery, London, and the Society of Antiquaries. Due to previous conservation treatments of the painting, the conventional transmission X-radiograph image was difficult to interpret. As a result, the painting underwent high-definition X-ray fluorescence (XRF) elemental mapping on the X-ray fluorescence microscopy beamline of the Australian Synchrotron. Scans were conducted at 12.6 and 18.5 keV, below and above the lead (Pb) L edges, respectively. Typical scan parameters were 120 μm pixel size at 7 ms dwell time, with the largest scan covering an area 545 × 287 mm2 collected in 23 h (10.8 MP). XRF mapping of the panel has guided the conservation treatment of the painting and the revelation of previously obscured features. It has also provided insight into the process of making of the painting. The informative and detailed elemental maps, alongside ultra-high-definition scans of the painting undertaken before and after varnish and over-paint removal, have assisted in comparison of the finely painted details with the London paintings. The resolution offered by the combination of imaging techniques identifies pigment distribution at an extremely fine scale, enabling a new understanding of the artist's paint application.

  2. Smog chamber experiments to investigate Henry's law constants of glyoxal using different seed aerosols

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jakob, Ronit

    2014-05-01

    Aerosols play an important role in the chemistry and physics of the atmosphere. Hence, they have a direct as well as an indirect impact on the earth's climate. Depending on their formation, one distinguishes between primary and secondary aerosols[1]. Important groups within the secondary aerosols are the secondary organic aerosols (SOAs). In order to improve predictions about these impacts on the earth's climate the existing models need to be optimized, because they still underestimate SOA formation[2]. Glyoxal, the smallest ?-dicarbonyl, not only acts as a tracer for SOA formation but also as a direct contributor to SOA. Because glyoxal has such a high vapour pressure, it was common knowledge that it does not take part in gas-particle partitioning and therefore has no impact on direct SOA formation. However, the Henry's law constant for glyoxal is surprisingly high. This has been explained by the hydration of the aldehyde groups, which means that a species with a lower vapour pressure is produced. Therefore the distribution of glyoxal between gas- and particle phase is atmospherically relevant and the direct contribution of glyoxal to SOA can no longer be neglected. A high salt concentration present in chamber seed aerosols leads to an enhanced glyoxal uptake into the particle. This effect is called "salting-in". The salting effect depends on the composition of the seed aerosol as well as the soluble compound. For very polar compounds, like glyoxal, a "salting-in" is observed[3]. Glyoxal particle formation during a smog chamber campaign at Paul-Scherrer-Institut (PSI) in Switzerland was examined using different seed aerosols such as ammonium sulfate, sodium chloride and sodium nitrate. The aim of this campaign was to investigate Henry's law constants for different seed aerosols. During the campaign filter samples were taken to investigate the amount of glyoxal in the particle phase. After filter extraction, the analyte was derivatized and measured using UHPLC-ESI-HR-MS. Additionally, gas-phase glyoxal has been analysed during the campaign. The results will be used to calculate the Henry's law constants. In this work, first results of the glyoxal study are presented. [1] J. Schnelle-Kreis, M. Sklorz, H. Herrmann, R. Zimmermann, Chem. Unserer Zeit, 2007, 41, 220-230 [2] M. M. Galloway, P. S. Chhabra, A. W. H. Chan, J. D. Surratt, R. C. Flagan, J. H. Seinfeld, F. N. Keutsch, Atmos. Chem. Phys, 9, 3331-3345, 2009 [3] C. J. Kampf, E. M. Waxman, J. G. Slowik, J. Dommen, L. Pfaffenberger, A. P. Praplan, A. S. H. Prvt, U. Baltensperger, T. Hoffmann, R. Volkamer, Environ. Sci. Technol., 2013, 47, 4236-4244

  3. "Extraordinary Understandings" of Composition at the University of Chicago: Frederick Champion Ward, Kenneth Burke, and Henry W. Sams

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beasley, James P.

    2007-01-01

    While Richard Weaver, R. S. Crane, Richard McKeon, and Robert Streeter have been most identified with rhetoric at the University of Chicago and its institutional return in the 1950s, the archival record demonstrates that Frederick Champion Ward, dean of the undergraduate "College" from 1947 to 1954, and Henry W. Sams, director of English in the

  4. Teacher as Actor--Henry David Thoreau--From Room One-Eleven to Walden Pond and Beyond.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barto, David

    To help maintain class interest in the important themes addressed in "Walden" and "The Duties of Civil Disobedience," a high school English teacher has presented a dramatic monologue as Henry David Thoreau to his students. After much library research, the teacher used some of the props characteristic of the author, such as a walking stick and a

  5. "Young People Are No Longer at Risk--They Are the Risk": Henry Giroux's "Youth in a Suspect Society"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClennen, Sophia A.

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes Henry Giroux's recent book Youth in a Suspect Society: democracy or disposability? (Palgrave, 2009) and situates it within his post-9/11 critical interventions. Giroux has focused his recent work on theorizing, critiquing and challenging the confluence of militarization, corporatization and right-wing ideology that has…

  6. Constituting Antebellum African American Identity: Resistance, Violence, and Masculinity in Henry Highland Garnet's (1843) "Address to the Slaves"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jasinski, James

    2007-01-01

    In August 1843 Presbyterian minister Henry Highland Garnet delivered his "Address to the Slaves of the United States of America" to the National Convention of Colored Citizens in Buffalo, NY. While often read (and almost as often dismissed) as either an unqualified call for a violent slave rebellion or, at the least, a celebration of prior acts of

  7. An Analysis of Some Aspects of Social Conflict at Henry Ford Community College (1963-1973). Research Summary #4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howe, Ray A.

    This paper summarizes the findings of a ten-year longitudinal research study of attitude changes among faculty resulting, at least partially, from their collective bargaining experience. The study focused on Henry Ford Community College (Michigan), using the participant-observation approach. A number of techniques for gathering qualitative

  8. SENSORINEURAL HEARING PROCESSES AND DISORDERS, HENRY FORD HOSPTIAL INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM (DETROIT, MICHIGAN, MARCH 25-27, 1965).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GRAHMA, A. BRUCE, ED.

    IN ORDER TO PROVIDE BOTH CLINICIAN AND INVESTIGATOR WITH A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROBLEMS, CAUSES, IDENTIFICATION, AND HANDLING OF SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSSES, THE HENRY FORD HOSPITAL INVITED INVESTIGATORS IN PSYCHOACOUSTICS, OTIOLOGY, OTONEUROLOGY, PHSIOLOGY, AND AUDIOLOGY TO SHARE THEIR RESEARCH AND CLINICAL FINDINGS. THE RESULTING 40

  9. All Are Worthy to Know the Earth: Henry De la Beche and the Origin of Geological Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clary, Renee M.; Wandersee, James H.

    2009-01-01

    Henry T. De la Beche (1796-1855) began his geological career within an elite circle (Geological Society of London, 1817; FRS, 1819), collaborating with influential gentlemen geologists and publishing original research. When his independent income dwindled, De la Beche managed to secure governmental funding for his mapping projects. This led to…

  10. "Young People Are No Longer at Risk--They Are the Risk": Henry Giroux's "Youth in a Suspect Society"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClennen, Sophia A.

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes Henry Giroux's recent book Youth in a Suspect Society: democracy or disposability? (Palgrave, 2009) and situates it within his post-9/11 critical interventions. Giroux has focused his recent work on theorizing, critiquing and challenging the confluence of militarization, corporatization and right-wing ideology that has

  11. Is There a Role for Critical Pedagogy in Language/Culture Studies? An Interview with Henry A. Giroux

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guilherme, Manuela

    2006-01-01

    Henry A. Giroux became established as a leading figure in radical education theory in the 1980s. Not only did he revive the arguments for civic education proposed by the main educational theorists of the 20th century, namely Dewey, Freire and others such as the reconstructionists Counts, Rugg and Brameld, but he also advanced their theories by…

  12. All Are Worthy to Know the Earth: Henry De la Beche and the Origin of Geological Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clary, Renee M.; Wandersee, James H.

    2009-01-01

    Henry T. De la Beche (1796-1855) began his geological career within an elite circle (Geological Society of London, 1817; FRS, 1819), collaborating with influential gentlemen geologists and publishing original research. When his independent income dwindled, De la Beche managed to secure governmental funding for his mapping projects. This led to

  13. Searching for Politics with Henry Giroux: Through Cultural Studies to Public Pedagogy and the "Terror of Neoliberalism"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robbins, Christopher G.

    2009-01-01

    Henry A. Giroux is recognized as one of the fifty most significant thinkers on education in the 20th century. He is also considered a scholar of immense influence in a number of fields internationally, hardly an inconsequential accolade in a century noted for a glut of educational and social thinkers. Yet, its wide-ranging and ever-expanding

  14. Asymmetric Synthesis of Tetrahydropyridines via an Organocatalytic One-Pot Multicomponent Michael/Aza-Henry/Cyclization Triple Domino Reaction

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    A low loading of a quinine-derived squaramide efficiently catalyzes the triple-domino Michael/aza-Henry/cyclization reaction between 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds, ?-nitroolefins, and aldimines to provide tetrahydropyridines bearing three contiguous stereogenic centers in good yields, excellent enantiomeric excesses, and up to high diastereomeric ratios. PMID:25379786

  15. Teacher as Actor--Henry David Thoreau--From Room One-Eleven to Walden Pond and Beyond.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barto, David

    To help maintain class interest in the important themes addressed in "Walden" and "The Duties of Civil Disobedience," a high school English teacher has presented a dramatic monologue as Henry David Thoreau to his students. After much library research, the teacher used some of the props characteristic of the author, such as a walking stick and a…

  16. Significance of the Henri-Michaelis-Menten theory in abiotic catalysis: catechol oxidation by δ-MnO 2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Naidja, A.; Huang, P. M.

    2002-05-01

    The Henri-Michaelis-Menten theory, for more than eight decades, was only restricted to homogeneous enzymatic catalysis. A mimic of an enzymatic kinetics based on the Henri-Michaelis-Menten concept was experimentally observed in heterogeneous catalysis in the present study with δ-MnO 2 as an abiotic catalyst in the oxidation of catechol (1,2-dihydroxybenzene). Using the derived linear forms of Lineweaver-Burk or Hofstee, the data show that similar to the enzyme tyrosinase, the kinetics of the catechol oxidation catalyzed by δ-MnO 2 can be described by the Henri-Michaelis-Menten equation, V0= VmaxS/( Km+ S), where Vmax is the maximum velocity and Km the concentration of the substrate ( S) corresponding to an initial velocity ( V0) half of Vmax. By analogy to the enzymatic kinetics, the parameters Vmax and Km for an heterogeneous abiotic catalysis were derived for the first time. Further, based on the concentration of the active centers of the mineral oxide, the kinetic constants kcat and kcat/ Km, respectively, representing the turnover frequency and the efficiency of the mineral catalyst, were also determined from the derived general rate equation of Briggs and Haldane. As an abiotic catalyst, δ-MnO 2 has a paramount role in the oxidation of phenolic compounds in soil, sediment and water environments. Therefore, the present observation is of fundamental and practical significance in elucidating the affinity between an abiotic catalyst and a substrate based on the Henri-Michaelis-Menten theory.

  17. Disposable Youth/Damaged Democracy: Youth, Neoliberalism, and the Promise of Pedagogy in the Work of Henry Giroux

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robbins, Christopher G.

    2012-01-01

    Perhaps more extensively and provocatively than any other contemporary theorist, Henry Giroux has theorized the relationship between youth and democratic public life. Beginning arguably with his first book, Ideology, Culture, and the Process of Schooling (Temple University Press, 1981), and continuing across a number of critically acclaimed works

  18. A Vision for the Future: Henry G. Bennett Memorial Library, Southeastern Oklahoma State University Strategic Plan, 2002-2007.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Dorothy

    This document presents the five-year strategic plan developed by the library director, staff, and the Library Committee for the Henry G. Bennett Memorial Library, Southeastern Oklahoma State University. The goal of this plan is to provide a framework that the library can use to focus energy and resources in fulfilling the mission of the library…

  19. Measurement of Henry's Law Constants Using Internal Standards: A Quantitative GC Experiment for the Instrumental Analysis or Environmental Chemistry Laboratory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ji, Chang; Boisvert, Susanne M.; Arida, Ann-Marie C.; Day, Shannon E.

    2008-01-01

    An internal standard method applicable to undergraduate instrumental analysis or environmental chemistry laboratory has been designed and tested to determine the Henry's law constants for a series of alkyl nitriles. In this method, a mixture of the analytes and an internal standard is prepared and used to make a standard solution (organic solvent)

  20. 77 FR 836 - Norfolk Southern Railway Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Henry and Spalding Counties, GA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-06

    ... Spalding Counties, GA Norfolk Southern Railway Company (NSR) filed a verified notice of exemption under 49... milepost 9.72 M (east of Trestle Road in Locust Grove), in Henry and Spalding Counties, Ga. The line... Proceedings. Raina S. White, Clearance Clerk. BILLING CODE 4915-01-P...