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Sample records for direct colorimetric detection

  1. Polymeric assay film for direct colorimetric detection

    DOEpatents

    Charych, Deborah; Nagy, Jon; Spevak, Wayne

    1999-01-01

    A lipid bilayer with affinity to an analyte, which directly signals binding by a changes in the light absorption spectra. This novel assay means and method has special applications in the drug development and medical testing fields. Using a spectrometer, the system is easily automated, and a multiple well embodiment allows inexpensive screening and sequential testing. This invention also has applications in industry for feedstock and effluent monitoring.

  2. Polymeric assay film for direct colorimetric detection

    DOEpatents

    Charych, Deborah; Nagy, Jon; Spevak, Wayne

    2002-01-01

    A lipid bilayer with affinity to an analyte, which directly signals binding by a changes in the light absorption spectra. This novel assay means and method has special applications in the drug development and medical testing fields. Using a spectrometer, the system is easily automated, and a multiple well embodiment allows inexpensive screening and sequential testing. This invention also has applications in industry for feedstock and effluent monitoring.

  3. Sol-Gel Matrices For Direct Colorimetric Detection Of Analytes

    DOEpatents

    Charych, Deborah H.; Sasaki, Darryl; Yamanaka, Stacey

    2002-11-26

    The present invention relates to methods and compositions for the direct detection of analytes using color changes that occur in immobilized biopolymeric material in response to selective binding of analytes to their surface. In particular, the present invention provides methods and compositions related to the encapsulation of biopolymeric material into metal oxide glass using the sol-gel method.

  4. Sol-gel matrices for direct colorimetric detection of analytes

    DOEpatents

    Charych, Deborah H.; Sasaki, Darryl; Yamanaka, Stacey

    2000-01-01

    The present invention relates to methods and compositions for the direct detection of analytes using color changes that occur in immobilized biopolymeric material in response to selective binding of analytes to their surface. In particular, the present invention provides methods and compositions related to the encapsulation of biopolymeric material into metal oxide glass using the sol-gel method.

  5. Direct Colorimetric Detection of a Receptor-Ligand Interaction by a Polymerized Bilayer Assembly

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Charych, Deborah H.; Nagy, Jon O.; Spevak, Wayne; Bednarski, Mark D.

    1993-07-01

    Detection of receptor-ligand interactions is generally accomplished by indirect assays such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A direct colorimetric detection method based on a polydiacetylene bilayer assembled on glass microscope slides has been developed. The bilayer is composed of a self-assembled monolayer of octadecylsilane and a Langmuir-Blodgett monolayer of polydiacetylene. The polydiacetylene layer is functionalized with an analog of sialic acid, the receptor-specific ligand for the influenza virus hemagglutinin. The sialic acid ligand serves as a molecular recognition element and the conjugated polymer backbone signals binding at the surface by a chromatic transition. The color transition is readily visible to the naked eye as a blue to red color change and can be quantified by visible absorption spectroscopy. Direct colorimetric detection by polydiacetylene films offers new possibilities for diagnostic applications and screening for new drug candidates or binding ligands.

  6. Direct colorimetric detection of a receptor-ligand interaction by a polymerized bilayer assembly

    SciTech Connect

    Charych, D.H.; Nagy, J.O.; Bednarski, M.D. ); Spevak, W. )

    1993-07-30

    Detection of receptor-ligand interactions is generally accomplished by indirect assays such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A direct colorimetric detection method based on a polydiacetylene bilayer assembled on glass microscope slides has been developed. The bilayer is composed of a self-assembled monolayer of octadecylsilane and a Langmuir-Blodgett monolayer of polydiacetylene. The polydiacetylene layer is functionalized with an analog of sialic acid, the receptor-specific ligand for the influenza virus hemagglutinin. The sialic acid ligand serves as a molecular recognition element and the conjugated polymer backbone signals binding at the surface by a chromatic transition. The color transition is readily visible to the naked eye as a blue to red color change and can be quantified by visible absorption spectroscopy. Direct colorimetric detection by polydiacetylene films offers new possibilities for diagnostic applications and screening for new drug candidates or binding ligands.

  7. Direct visualization of lead corona and its nanomolar colorimetric detection using anisotropic gold nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Dwivedi, Charu; Chaudhary, Abhishek; Gupta, Abhishek; Nandi, Chayan K

    2015-03-11

    The study presents dithiothreitol (DTT) functionalized anisotropic gold nanoparticles (GNP) based colorimetric sensor for detection of toxic lead ions in water. Our results demonstrate the selectivity and sensitivity of the developed sensor over various heavy metal ions with detection limit of ∼9 nM. The mechanism of sensing is explained on the basis of unique corona formation around the DTT functionalized anisotropic GNP. PMID:25719820

  8. Label free colorimetric and fluorimetric direct detection of methylated DNA based on silver nanoclusters for cancer early diagnosis.

    PubMed

    Dadmehr, Mehdi; Hosseini, Morteza; Hosseinkhani, Saman; Ganjali, Mohammad Reza; Sheikhnejad, Reza

    2015-11-15

    Epigenetic changes such as DNA methylation of CpG islands located in the promoter region of some tumor suppressor genes are very common in human diseases such as cancer. Detection of aberrant methylation pattern could serve as an excellent diagnostic approach. Recently, the direct detection of methylated DNA sequences without using chemical and enzymatic treatments or antibodies has received great deal of attentions. In this study, we report a colorimetric and fluorimetric technique for direct detection of DNA methylation. Here, the DNA is being used as an effective template for fluorescent silver nanoclusters formation without any chemical modification or DNA labeling. The sensitivity test showed that upon the addition of target methylated DNA, the fluorescence intensity is decreased in a linear range when the concentration of methylated DNA has increased from 2.0×10(-9) to 6.3 ×10(-7) M with the detection limit of 9.4×10(-10) M. The optical and fluorescence spectral behaviors were highly reproducible and clearly discriminated between unmethylated, methylated and even partially methylated DNA in CpG rich sequences. The results were also reproducible when the human plasma was present in our assay system. PMID:26056954

  9. Colorimetric Immunoassay for Detection of Tumor Markers

    PubMed Central

    Yin, Yongmei; Cao, Ya; Xu, Yuanyuan; Li, Genxi

    2010-01-01

    Tumor markers are substances, usually proteins, produced by the body in response to cancer growth, or by the cancer tissue itself. They can be detected in blood, urine, or tissue samples, and the discovery and detection of tumor markers may provide earlier diagnosis of cancer and improved therapeutic intervention. Colorimetric immunoassays for tumor marker detection have attracted considerable attention, due to their simplicity and high efficiency. The traditionally used colorimetric immunoassays for the detection of tumor markers are based on enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, and the great achievement of nanotechnology has further opened opportunities for the development of such kind of immunoassays. This paper will summarize recent advances in the field of colorimetric immunoassays for detecting tumor markers, which is aimed to provide an overview in this field, as well as experimental guidance for the learner. PMID:21614193

  10. Emergency First Responders' Experience with Colorimetric Detection Methods

    SciTech Connect

    Sandra L. Fox; Keith A. Daum; Carla J. Miller; Marnie M. Cortez

    2007-10-01

    Nationwide, first responders from state and federal support teams respond to hazardous materials incidents, industrial chemical spills, and potential weapons of mass destruction (WMD) attacks. Although first responders have sophisticated chemical, biological, radiological, and explosive detectors available for assessment of the incident scene, simple colorimetric detectors have a role in response actions. The large number of colorimetric chemical detection methods available on the market can make the selection of the proper methods difficult. Although each detector has unique aspects to provide qualitative or quantitative data about the unknown chemicals present, not all detectors provide consistent, accurate, and reliable results. Included here, in a consumer-report-style format, we provide “boots on the ground” information directly from first responders about how well colorimetric chemical detection methods meet their needs in the field and how they procure these methods.

  11. A colorimetric sensor array for detection of triacetone triperoxide vapor.

    PubMed

    Lin, Hengwei; Suslick, Kenneth S

    2010-11-10

    Triacetone triperoxide (TATP), one of the most dangerous primary explosives, has emerged as an explosive of choice for terrorists in recent years. Owing to the lack of UV absorbance, fluorescence, or facile ionization, TATP is extremely difficult to detect directly. Techniques that are able to detect generally require expensive instrumentation, need extensive sample preparation, or cannot detect TATP in the gas phase. Here we report a simple and highly sensitive colorimetric sensor for the detection of TATP vapor with semiquantitative analysis from 50 ppb to 10 ppm. By using a solid acid catalyst to pretreat a gas stream, we have discovered that a colorimetric sensor array of redox sensitive dyes can detect even very low levels of TATP vapor from its acid decomposition products (e.g., H(2)O(2)) with limits of detection (LOD) below 2 ppb (i.e., <0.02% of its saturation vapor pressure). Common potential interferences (e.g., humidity, personal hygiene products, perfume, laundry supplies, volatile organic compounds, etc.) do not generate an array response, and the array can also differentiate TATP from other chemical oxidants (e.g., hydrogen peroxide, bleach, tert-butylhydroperoxide, peracetic acid). PMID:20949933

  12. Optical fiber waveguide sensor for the colorimetric detection of ammonia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmitt, Katrin; Rist, Jonas; Peter, Carolin; Wöllenstein, Jürgen

    2011-06-01

    We present the development and characterization of a fiber-optic colorimetric gas sensor combined with the electronic circuitry for measurement control and RFID communication. The gas sensor detects ammonia using a 300 μm polyolefin fiber coated with a gas-sensitive polymer film. The spectral and time-dependent sensitivity of various polymer films was tested in transmission measurements. Light from a standard LED at λ = 590 nm was coupled into the polyolefin fiber through the front face. A prototype of the gas sensor with the direct coupling method was tested under realistic measurement conditions, i.e. battery-driven and in a completely autonomous mode. The sensor system showed good sensitivity to the ammonia concentrations and response times in the order of minutes. The achievable power consumption was below 100μW.The films contained the pH-sensitive dyes bromocresol purple or bromophenol blue embedded in either ethyl cellulose or polyvinyl butyral, and optionally tributyl phosphate as plasticizer. The bromophenol blue based films showed a strong reaction to ammonia, with saturation concentrations around 1000 ppm and response times of about 15 seconds to 100ppm. The colorimetric reaction was simulated using a simple kinetic model which was in good agreement with the experimental results.

  13. Colorimetric detection of uranium in water

    DOEpatents

    DeVol, Timothy A.; Hixon, Amy E.; DiPrete, David P.

    2012-03-13

    Disclosed are methods, materials and systems that can be used to determine qualitatively or quantitatively the level of uranium contamination in water samples. Beneficially, disclosed systems are relatively simple and cost-effective. For example, disclosed systems can be utilized by consumers having little or no training in chemical analysis techniques. Methods generally include a concentration step and a complexation step. Uranium concentration can be carried out according to an extraction chromatographic process and complexation can chemically bind uranium with a detectable substance such that the formed substance is visually detectable. Methods can detect uranium contamination down to levels even below the MCL as established by the EPA.

  14. BacT/Alert: an automated colorimetric microbial detection system.

    PubMed Central

    Thorpe, T C; Wilson, M L; Turner, J E; DiGuiseppi, J L; Willert, M; Mirrett, S; Reller, L B

    1990-01-01

    BacT/Alert (Organon Teknika Corp., Durham, N.C.) is an automated microbial detection system based on the colorimetric detection of CO2 produced by growing microorganisms. Results of an evaluation of the media, sensor, detection system, and detection algorithm indicate that the system reliably grows and detects a wide variety of bacteria and fungi. Results of a limited pilot clinical trial with a prototype research instrument indicate that the system is comparable to the radiometric BACTEC 460 system in its ability to grow and detect microorganisms in blood. On the basis of these initial findings, large-scale clinical trials comparing BacT/Alert with other commercial microbial detection systems appear warranted. PMID:2116451

  15. Colorimetric Detection and Identification of Natural and Artificial Sweeteners

    PubMed Central

    Musto, Christopher J.; Lim, Sung H.; Suslick, Kenneth S.

    2009-01-01

    A disposable, low-cost colorimetric sensor array has been created by pin-printing onto a hydrophilic membrane 16 chemically responsive nanoporous pigments made from indicators immobilized in an organically modified silane (ormosil). The array has been used to detect and identify 14 different natural and artificial sweeteners at millimolar concentrations as well as commonly used individual serving sweetener packets. The array has shown excellent reproducibility and long shelf-life and has been optimized to work in the biological pH regime. PMID:20337402

  16. Direct colorimetric method for determination of organophosphates in human urine.

    PubMed

    Namera, A; Utsumi, Y; Yashiki, M; Ohtani, M; Imamura, T; Kojima, T

    2000-01-20

    A simple and sensitive method for determination of organophosphorus pesticides in human urine was developed by detecting the color complexes which resulted from reactions of organophosphorus pesticides and 4-(4-nitrobenzyl)pyridine (NBP) in urine. Based on studies of reaction conditions, e.g. reaction temperature and time, and reagent concentration, a colorimetric method was established. A 0.1-ml volume of NBP (45% in acetone) was added to a 1.0-ml volume of a urine sample, and the mixture was heated at 100 degrees C for 20 min. After cooling, 0.1 ml of tetraethylenepentamine was added. The organophosphorus pesticides showed a characteristic purplish blue color and the coloring complexes which were produced were stable for several hours. Furthermore, these complexes could be determined spectrophotometrically. The detection limits were 0.10-10 microg/ml in urine. The required time for analysis was approximately 30 min for one sample. Comparing the result of the proposed method with those of the GC-MS method, the results were similar for the 12 poisoning cases studied. Thus, the proposed method is useful for detection of these pesticides in critical care practices. PMID:10612713

  17. Colorimetric paper bioassay for the detection of phenolic compounds.

    PubMed

    Alkasir, Ramiz S J; Ornatska, Maryna; Andreescu, Silvana

    2012-11-20

    A new type of paper based bioassay for the colorimetric detection of phenolic compounds including phenol, bisphenol A, catechol and cresols is reported. The sensor is based on a layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly approach formed by alternatively depositing layers of chitosan and alginate polyelectrolytes onto filter paper and physically entrapping the tyrosinase enzyme in between these layers. The sensor response is quantified as a color change resulting from the specific binding of the enzymatically generated quinone to the multilayers of immobilized chitosan on the paper. The color change can be quantified with the naked eye but a digitalized picture can also be used to provide more sensitive comparison to a calibrated color scheme. The sensor was optimized with respect to the number of layers, pH, enzyme, chitosan and alginate amounts. The colorimetric response was concentration dependent, with a detection limit of 0.86 (±0.1) μg/L for each of the phenolic compounds tested. The response time required for the sensor to reach steady-state color varied between 6 and 17 min depending on the phenolic substrate. The sensor showed excellent storage stability at room temperature for several months (92% residual activity after 260 days storage) and demonstrated good functionality in real environmental samples. A procedure to mass-produce the bioactive sensors by inkjet printing the LbL layers of polyelectrolyte and enzyme on paper is demonstrated. PMID:23113670

  18. Hybrid nanosensor for colorimetric and ultrasensitive detection of nuclease contaminations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cecere, Paola; Valentini, Paola; Pompa, Pier Paolo

    2016-04-01

    Nucleases are ubiquitous enzymes that degrade DNA or RNA, thus they can prejudice the good outcome of molecular biology experiments involving nucleic acids. We propose a colorimetric test for the naked-eye detection of nuclease contaminations. The system uses an hybrid nanosensor, based on gold nanoparticles functionalized with DNA probes. Our assay is rapid, instrument-free, simple and low-cost. Moreover, it reaches sensitivity equal or better than those of commercial kits, and presents a lot of advantageous aspects. Therefore, it is very competitive, with a real market potential. This test will be relevant in routine process monitoring in scientific laboratories, and in quality control in clinical laboratories and industrial processes, allowing the simultaneous detection of nucleases with different substrate specificities and large-scale screening.

  19. Double-stem Hairpin Probe and Ultrasensitive Colorimetric Detection of Cancer-related Nucleic Acids.

    PubMed

    Xu, Jianguo; Li, Hongling; Wu, Zai-Sheng; Qian, Jun; Xue, Chang; Jia, Lee

    2016-01-01

    The development of a versatile biosensing platform to screen specific DNA sequences is still an essential issue of molecular biology research and clinic diagnosis of genetic disease. In this work, we for the first time reported a double-stem hairpin probe (DHP) that was simultaneously engineered to incorporate a DNAzyme, DNAzyme's complementary fragment and nicking enzyme recognition site. The important aspect of this hairpin probe is that, although it is designed to have a long ds DNA fragment, no intermolecular interaction occurs, circumventing the sticky-end pairing-determined disadvantages encountered by classic molecular beacon. For the DHP-based colorimetric sensing system, as a model analyte, cancer-related DNA sequence can trigger a cascade polymerization/nicking cycle on only one oligonucleotide probe. This led to the dramatic accumulation of G-quadruplexes directly responsible for colorimetric signal conversion without any loss. As a result, the target DNA is capable of being detected to 1 fM (six to eight orders of magnitude lower than that of catalytic molecular beacons) and point mutations are distinguished by the naked eye. The described DHP as a-proof-of-concept would not only promote the design of colorimetric biosensors but also open a good way to promote the diagnosis and treatment of genetic diseases. PMID:26909108

  20. Double-stem Hairpin Probe and Ultrasensitive Colorimetric Detection of Cancer-related Nucleic Acids

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Jianguo; Li, Hongling; Wu, Zai-Sheng; Qian, Jun; Xue, Chang; Jia, Lee

    2016-01-01

    The development of a versatile biosensing platform to screen specific DNA sequences is still an essential issue of molecular biology research and clinic diagnosis of genetic disease. In this work, we for the first time reported a double-stem hairpin probe (DHP) that was simultaneously engineered to incorporate a DNAzyme, DNAzyme's complementary fragment and nicking enzyme recognition site. The important aspect of this hairpin probe is that, although it is designed to have a long ds DNA fragment, no intermolecular interaction occurs, circumventing the sticky-end pairing-determined disadvantages encountered by classic molecular beacon. For the DHP-based colorimetric sensing system, as a model analyte, cancer-related DNA sequence can trigger a cascade polymerization/nicking cycle on only one oligonucleotide probe. This led to the dramatic accumulation of G-quadruplexes directly responsible for colorimetric signal conversion without any loss. As a result, the target DNA is capable of being detected to 1 fM (six to eight orders of magnitude lower than that of catalytic molecular beacons) and point mutations are distinguished by the naked eye. The described DHP as a-proof-of-concept would not only promote the design of colorimetric biosensors but also open a good way to promote the diagnosis and treatment of genetic diseases. PMID:26909108

  1. Colorimetric multiplexed immunoassay for sequential detection of tumor markers.

    PubMed

    Wang, Jing; Cao, Ya; Xu, Yuanyuan; Li, Genxi

    2009-10-15

    In this paper, a very simple and easily-operated colorimetric multiplexed immunoassay method for sequential detection of tumor markers has been presented. Magnetic microparticles which are conjugated with biotinylated antibodies are firstly added into the test solution. After fast magnetic collection, these complexes are separated from non-specific proteins. Through different enzymatic reactions of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) and o-phenylenediamine (OPD) catalyzed by horseradish peroxidase molecules which are loaded on the surfaces of gold nanoparticles, two antigens carcinoembryonic antigen and alpha-fetoprotein can be detected even with naked eyes. The detection limit obtained from the spectrophotometric measurements is as low as 0.02 ng/mL. This proposed method also has high specificity and reproducibility, as well as excellent efficiency of 94 min for the detection of serum samples. So, this new multiplexed immunoassay method might be a promising approach for the diagnosis of cancer and some other diseases in clinical applications. PMID:19726177

  2. Colorimetric detection of catalytic reactivity of nanoparticles in complex matrices.

    PubMed

    Corredor, Charlie; Borysiak, Mark D; Wolfer, Jay; Westerhoff, Paul; Posner, Jonathan D

    2015-03-17

    There is a need for new methodologies to quickly assess the presence and reactivity of nanoparticles (NPs) in commercial, environmental, and biological samples since current detection techniques require expensive and complex analytical instrumentation. Here, we investigate a simple and portable colorimetric detection assay that assesses the surface reactivity of NPs, which can be used to detect the presence of NPs, in complex matrices (e.g., environmental waters, serum, urine, and in dissolved organic matter) at as low as part per billion (ppb) or ng/mL concentration levels. Surface redox reactivity is a key emerging property related to potential toxicity of NPs with living cells, and is used in our assays as a key surrogate for the presence of NPs and a first tier analytical strategy toward assessing NP exposures. We detect a wide range of metal (e.g., Ag and Au) and oxide (e.g., CeO2, SiO2, VO2) NPs with a diameter range of 5 to 400 nm and multiple capping agents (tannic acid (TA), polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), branched polyethylenimine (BPEI), polyethylene glycol (PEG)). This method is sufficiently sensitive (ppb levels) to measure concentrations typically used in toxicological studies, and uses inexpensive, commercially available reagents. PMID:25635807

  3. A gold nanoparticles-based colorimetric test to detect single nucleotide polymorphisms for improvement of personalized therapy of psoriasis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marsella, Alessandra; Valentini, Paola; Tarantino, Paolo; Congedo, Maurizio; Pompa, Pier Paolo

    2016-04-01

    We report a simple, rapid and low-cost test, based on gold nanoparticles, for the naked-eye colorimetric detection of a signature of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) relevant for the personalized medicine of psoriasis patients. We validated the colorimetric assay on real-world DNA samples from a cohort of 30 psoriasis patients and we compared the results, in double-blind, with those obtained with two state-of-the-art instrumental techniques, namely reverse dot blotting and direct sequencing, finding 100% agreement. We demonstrated high accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of the colorimetric test that can be easily adapted for the genotypization of different SNPs, important for the pharmacogenomics of various diseases, and in other fields, such as food traceability and population structure analysis.

  4. Point-of-care colorimetric detection with a smartphone.

    PubMed

    Shen, Li; Hagen, Joshua A; Papautsky, Ian

    2012-11-01

    Paper-based immunoassays are becoming powerful and low-cost diagnostic tools, especially in resource-limited settings. Inexpensive methods for quantifying these assays have been shown using desktop scanners, which lack portability, and cameras, which suffer from the ever changing ambient light conditions. In this work, we introduce a novel approach of quantifying colors of colorimetric diagnostic assays with a smartphone that allows high accuracy measurements in a wide range of ambient conditions, making it a truly portable system. Instead of directly using the red, green, and blue (RGB) intensities of the color images taken by a smartphone camera, we use chromaticity values to construct calibration curves of analyte concentrations. We demonstrate the high accuracy of this approach in pH measurements with linear response ranges of 1-12. These results are comparable to those reported using a desktop scanner or silicon photodetectors. To make the approach adoptable under different lighting conditions, we developed a calibration technique to compensate for measurement errors due to variability in ambient light. This technique is applicable to a number of common light sources, such as sun light, fluorescent light, or smartphone LED light. Ultimately, the entire approach can be integrated in an "app" to enable one-click reading, making our smartphone based approach operable without any professional training or complex instrumentation. PMID:22996728

  5. Highly sensitive colorimetric detection of glucose and uric acid in biological fluids using chitosan-modified paper microfluidic devices.

    PubMed

    Gabriel, Ellen F M; Garcia, Paulo T; Cardoso, Thiago M G; Lopes, Flavio M; Martins, Felipe T; Coltro, Wendell K T

    2016-08-01

    This paper describes the modification of microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μPADs) with chitosan to improve the analytical performance of colorimetric measurements associated with enzymatic bioassays. Chitosan is a natural biopolymer extensively used to modify biosensing surfaces due to its capability of providing a suitable microenvironment for the direct electron transfer between an enzyme and a reactive surface. This hypothesis was investigated using glucose and uric acid (UA) colorimetric assays as model systems. The best colorimetric sensitivity for glucose and UA was achieved using a chromogenic solution composed of 4-aminoantipyrine and sodium 3,5-dichloro-2-hydroxy-benzenesulfonate (4-AAP/DHBS), which provided a linear response for a concentration range between 0.1 and 1.0 mM. Glucose and UA were successfully determined in artificial serum samples with accuracies between 87 and 114%. The limits of detection (LODs) found for glucose and UA assays were 23 and 37 μM, respectively. The enhanced analytical performance of chitosan-modified μPADs allowed the colorimetric detection of glucose in tear samples from four nondiabetic patients. The achieved concentration levels ranged from 130 to 380 μM. The modified μPADs offered analytical reliability and accuracy as well as no statistical difference from the values achieved through a reference method. Based on the presented results, the proposed μPAD can be a powerful alternative tool for non-invasive glucose analysis. PMID:27272206

  6. Highly Sensitive Colorimetric Detection of Ochratoxin A by a Label-Free Aptamer and Gold Nanoparticles

    PubMed Central

    Luan, Yunxia; Chen, Jiayi; Li, Cheng; Xie, Gang; Fu, Hailong; Ma, Zhihong; Lu, Anxiang

    2015-01-01

    A label-free aptamer-based assay for the highly sensitive and specific detection of Ochratoxin A (OTA) was developed using a cationic polymer and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). The OTA aptamer was used as a recognition element for the colorimetric detection of OTA based on the aggregation of AuNPs by the cationic polymer. By spectroscopic quantitative analysis, the colorimetric assay could detect OTA down to 0.009 ng/mL with high selectivity in the presence of other interfering toxins. This study offers a new alternative in visual detection methods that is rapid and sensitive for OTA detection. PMID:26690477

  7. 4-mercaptophenylboronic acid functionalized gold nanoparticles for colorimetric sialic acid detection.

    PubMed

    Sankoh, Supannee; Thammakhet, Chongdee; Numnuam, Apon; Limbut, Warakorn; Kanatharana, Proespichaya; Thavarungkul, Panote

    2016-11-15

    A simple and selective colorimetric sensor for sialic acid detection, based on the aggregation of 4-mercaptophenylboronic acid functionalized gold nanoparticles (4-MPBA-AuNPs) was developed. The color of the solution changed from wine-red to blue after binding with sialic acid. The colorimetric sensor provided good analytical performances with a linear dynamic range of 80µM to 2.00mM and a 68±2µM limit of detection without any effect from possible interferences and sample matrix. In addition, the quantitative results were obtained within only 10min. This developed sensor was used to detect sialic acid in blood serum samples and the results were in good agreement with those from the current periodate-resorcinol method (P>0.05) thus indicating that this developed colorimetric sensor can be used as an alternative method for sialic acid detection with a shorter analysis time and a high accuracy. PMID:27266659

  8. Colorimetric detection of bisphenol A based on unmodified aptamer and cationic polymer aggregated gold nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Dongwei; Yang, Jiayi; Ye, Jing; Xu, Lurong; Xu, Hanchu; Zhan, Shenshan; Xia, Bing; Wang, Lumei

    2016-04-15

    In this study, a colorimetric method was exploited to detect bisphenol A (BPA) based on BPA-specific aptamer and cationic polymer-induced aggregation of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). The principle of this assay is very classical. The aggregation of AuNPs was induced by the concentration of cationic polymer, which is controlled by specific recognition of aptamer with BPA and the reaction of aptamer and cationic polymer forming "duplex" structure. This method enables colorimetric detection of BPA with selectivity and a detection limit of 1.50 nM. In addition, this colorimetric method was successfully used to determine spiked BPA in tap water and river water samples. PMID:26820097

  9. Identification of Escherichia coli O157 by Using a Novel Colorimetric Detection Method with DNA Microarrays

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a leading cause of foodborne illness worldwide. To evaluate better methods to rapidly detect and genotype E. coli O157 strains, the present study evaluated the use of ampliPHOX, a novel colorimetric detection method based on photopolymerization, for...

  10. Colorimetric Detection of Escherichia coli Based on the Enzyme-Induced Metallization of Gold Nanorods.

    PubMed

    Chen, Juhong; Jackson, Angelyca A; Rotello, Vincent M; Nugen, Sam R

    2016-05-01

    A novel enzyme-induced metallization colorimetric assay is developed to monitor and measure beta-galactosidase (β-gal) activity, and is further employed for colorimetric bacteriophage (phage)-enabled detection of Escherichia coli (E. coli). This assay relies on enzymatic reaction-induced silver deposition on the surface of gold nanorods (AuNRs). In the presence of β-gal, the substrate p-aminophenyl β-d-galactopyranoside is hydrolyzed to produce p-aminophenol (PAP). Reduction of silver ions by PAP generates a silver shell on the surface of AuNRs, resulting in the blue shift of the longitudinal localized surface plasmon resonance peak and multicolor changes of the detection solution from light green to orange-red. Under optimized conditions, the detection limit for β-gal is 128 pM, which is lower than the conventional colorimetric assay. Additionally, the assay has a broader dynamic range for β-gal detection. The specificity of this assay for the detection of β-gal is demonstrated against several protein competitors. Additionally, this technique is successfully applied to detect E. coli bacteria cells in combination with bacteriophage infection. Due to the simplicity and short incubation time of this enzyme-induced metallization colorimetric method, the assay is well suited for the detection of bacteria in low-resource settings. PMID:26997252

  11. A colorimetric sensor based on anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) substrate for the detection of nitroaromatics.

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Y.; Wang, H. H.; Indacochea, J. E.; Wang, M. L.

    2011-12-15

    Simple and low cost colorimetric sensors for explosives detection were explored and developed. Anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) with large surface area through its porous structure and light background color was utilized as the substrate for colorimetric sensors. Fabricated thin AAO films with thickness less than {approx} 500 nm allowed us to observe interference colors which were used as the background color for colorimetric detection. AAO thin films with various thickness and pore-to-pore distance were prepared through anodizing aluminum foils at different voltages and times in dilute sulfuric acid. Various interference colors were observed on these samples due to their difference in structures. Accordingly, suitable anodization conditions that produce AAO samples with desired light background colors for optical applications were obtained. Thin film interference model was applied to analyze the UV-vis reflectance spectra and to estimate the thickness of the AAO membranes. We found that the thickness of produced AAO films increased linearly with anodization time in sulfuric acid. In addition, the growth rate was higher for AAO anodized using higher voltages. The thin film interference formulism was further validated with a well established layer by layer deposition technique. Coating poly(styrene sulfonate) sodium salt (PSS) and poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) layer by layer on AAO thin film consistently shifted its surface color toward red due to the increase in thickness. The red shift of UV-vis reflectance was correlated quantitatively to the number of layers been assembled. This sensitive red shift due to molecular attachment (increase in thickness) on AAO substrate was applied toward nitroaromatics detection. Aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (APTS) which can be attached onto AAO nanowells covalently through silanization and attract TNT molecules was coated and applied for TNT detection. UV-vis spectra of AAO with APTS shifted to the longer wavelength side due to

  12. Enzyme-free colorimetric detection systems based on the DNA strand displacement competition reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Z.; Birkedal, V.; Gothelf, K. V.

    2016-05-01

    The strand displacement competition assay is based on the dynamic equilibrium of the competitive hybridization of two oligonucleotides (A and B) to a third oligonucleotide (S). In the presence of an analyte that binds to a specific affinity-moiety conjugated to strand B, the equilibrium shifts, which can be detected by a shift in the fluorescence resonance energy transfer signal between dyes attached to the DNA strands. In the present study we have integrated an ATP aptamer in the strand B and demonstrated the optical detection of ATP. Furthermore we explore a new readout method using a split G-quadruplex DNAzyme for colorimetric readout of the detection of streptavidin by the naked eye. Finally, we integrate the whole G-quadruplex DNAzyme system in a single DNA strand and show that it is applicable to colorimetric detection.

  13. Microfluidic chip-based silver nanoparticles aptasensor for colorimetric detection of thrombin.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Yaju; Liu, Xiaohui; Li, Jie; Qiang, Weibing; Sun, Liang; Li, Hui; Xu, Danke

    2016-04-01

    In this paper, a colorimetric silver nanoparticles aptasensor (aptamer-AgNPs) was developed for simple and straightforward detection of protein in microfluidic chip. Surface-functionalized microfluidic channels were employed as the capture platform. Then the mixture of target protein and aptamer-AgNPs were injected into the microfluidic channels for colorimetric detection. To demonstrate the performance of this detection platform, thrombin was chosen as a model target protein. Introduction of thrombin could form a sandwich-type complex involving immobilized AgNPs. The amount of aptamer-AgNPs on the complex augmented along with the increase of the thrombin concentration causing different color change that can be analyzed both by naked eyes and a flatbed scanner. This method is featured with low sample consumption, simple processes of microfluidic platform and straightforward colorimetric detection with aptamer-AgNPs. Thrombin at concentrations as low as 20pM can be detected using this aptasensor without signal amplification. This work demonstrated that it had good selectivity over other proteins and it could be a useful strategy to detect other targets with two affinity binding sites for ligands as well. PMID:26838384

  14. Colorimetric detection of hazardous gases using a remotely operated capturing and processing system.

    PubMed

    Montes-Robles, Roberto; Moragues, María Esperanza; Vivancos, José-Luis; Ibáñez, Javier; Fraile, Rubén; Martínez-Máñez, Ramón; García-Breijo, Eduardo

    2015-11-01

    This paper presents an electronic system for the automatic detection of hazardous gases. The proposed system implements colorimetric sensing algorithms, thus providing a low-cost solution to the problem of gas sensing. It is remotely operated and it performs the tasks of image capturing and processing, hence obtaining colour measurements in RGB (Red-Green-Blue) space that are subsequently sent to a remote operator via the internet. A prototype of the system has been built to test its performance. Specifically, experiments have been carried out aimed at the detection of CO, CO2, NO, NO2, SO2 and formaldehyde at diverse concentrations by using a chromogenic array composed by 13 active and 2 inert compounds. Statistical analyses of the results reveal a good performance of the electronic system and the feasibility of remote hazardous gas detection using colorimetric sensor arrays. PMID:26434416

  15. Colorimetric detection of Shewanella oneidensis based on immunomagnetic capture and bacterial intrinsic peroxidase activity

    PubMed Central

    Wen, Junlin; Zhou, Shungui; Chen, Junhua

    2014-01-01

    Rapid detection and enumeration of target microorganisms is considered as a powerful tool for monitoring bioremediation process that typically involves cleaning up polluted environments with functional microbes. A novel colorimetric assay is presented based on immunomagnetic capture and bacterial intrinsic peroxidase activity for rapidly detecting Shewanella oneidensis, an important model organism for environmental bioremediation because of its remarkably diverse respiratory abilities. Analyte bacteria captured on the immunomagnetic beads provided a bacterial out-membrane peroxidase-amplified colorimetric readout of the immunorecognition event by oxidizing 3, 3′, 5, 5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) in the present of hydrogen peroxide. The high-efficiency of immunomagnetic capture and signal amplification of peroxidase activity offers an excellent detection performance with a wide dynamic range between 5.0 × 103 and 5.0 × 106 CFU/mL toward target cells. Furthermore, this method was demonstrated to be feasible in detecting S. oneidensis cells spiked in environmental samples. The proposed colorimetric assay shows promising environmental applications for rapid detection of target microorganisms. PMID:24898751

  16. Colorimetric detection of Shewanella oneidensis based on immunomagnetic capture and bacterial intrinsic peroxidase activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wen, Junlin; Zhou, Shungui; Chen, Junhua

    2014-06-01

    Rapid detection and enumeration of target microorganisms is considered as a powerful tool for monitoring bioremediation process that typically involves cleaning up polluted environments with functional microbes. A novel colorimetric assay is presented based on immunomagnetic capture and bacterial intrinsic peroxidase activity for rapidly detecting Shewanella oneidensis, an important model organism for environmental bioremediation because of its remarkably diverse respiratory abilities. Analyte bacteria captured on the immunomagnetic beads provided a bacterial out-membrane peroxidase-amplified colorimetric readout of the immunorecognition event by oxidizing 3, 3', 5, 5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) in the present of hydrogen peroxide. The high-efficiency of immunomagnetic capture and signal amplification of peroxidase activity offers an excellent detection performance with a wide dynamic range between 5.0 × 103 and 5.0 × 106 CFU/mL toward target cells. Furthermore, this method was demonstrated to be feasible in detecting S. oneidensis cells spiked in environmental samples. The proposed colorimetric assay shows promising environmental applications for rapid detection of target microorganisms.

  17. A cellulose-based bioassay for the colorimetric detection of pathogen DNA.

    PubMed

    Saikrishnan, Deepika; Goyal, Madhu; Rossiter, Sharon; Kukol, Andreas

    2014-12-01

    Cellulose-paper-based colorimetric bioassays may be used at the point of sampling without sophisticated equipment. This study reports the development of a colorimetric bioassay based on cellulose that can detect pathogen DNA. The detection was based on covalently attached single-stranded DNA probes and visual analysis. A cellulose surface functionalized with tosyl groups was prepared by the N,N-dimethylacetamide-lithium chloride method. Tosylation of cellulose was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and elemental analysis. Sulfhydryl-modified oligonucleotide probes complementary to a segment of the DNA sequence IS6110 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis were covalently immobilized on the tosylated cellulose. On hybridization of biotin-labelled DNA oligonucleotides with these probes, a colorimetric signal was obtained with streptavidin-conjugated horseradish peroxidase catalysing the oxidation of tetramethylbenzamidine by H2O2. The colour intensity was significantly reduced when the bioassay was subjected to DNA oligonucleotide of randomized base composition. Initial experiments have shown a sensitivity of 0.1 μM. A high probe immobilization efficiency (more than 90 %) was observed with a detection limit of 0.1 μM, corresponding to an absolute amount of 10 pmol. The detection of M. tuberculosis DNA was demonstrated using this technique coupled with PCR for biotinylation of the DNA. This work shows the potential use of tosylated cellulose as the basis for point-of-sampling bioassays. PMID:25354892

  18. Label-free colorimetric aptasensor for sensitive detection of ochratoxin A utilizing hybridization chain reaction.

    PubMed

    Wang, Chengke; Dong, Xiaoya; Liu, Qian; Wang, Kun

    2015-02-20

    The combination of high selectivity of aptamer with the peroxidase-mimicking property of DNAzyme has presented considerable opportunities for designing colorimetric aptasensor for detection of ochratoxin A (OTA). The activities of both aptamer (as biorecognition element) and DNAzyme (as signal amplification element) are blocked via base pairing in the hairpin structure. Hybridization chain reaction (HCR) between two hairpin DNAs was employed to further improve the sensitivity of this method. The presence of OTA triggers the opening of the hairpin structure and the beginning of HCR, which results in the release of many DNAzyme, and generates enhanced colorimetric signals, which is correlated to the amounts of OTA with linear range between 0.01 to 0.32 nM, and the limit of detection is 0.01 nM under optimal conditions. OTA in yellow rice wine and wheat flour samples was also detected using this method. We demonstrate that a new colorimetric method for the detection of OTA has been established, which is simple, easy to conduct, label-free, sensitive, high throughput, and cost-saving. PMID:25682251

  19. Colorimetric and fluorometric detection of neomycin based on conjugated polydiacetylene supramolecules.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Guodong; Wang, Fang; Wang, Huilin; Kambam, Srinivasulu; Chen, Xiaoqiang

    2013-06-13

    Utilizing the colorimetric and fluorogenic changes, a system based on polydiacetylenes (PDAs) is developed for the detection of neomycin. The PDA supramolecules polymerized from the mixed liposome composed of N-(3-hydroxyphenyl)pentacosa-10,12-diynamide (PCDA-AP) and pentacosa-10,12-diynoic acid (PCDA) at an optimized ratio of 1:9 display a unique colorimetric change (blue to red) and fluorescent enhancement in the presence of neomycin. The detection limit for neomycin is estimated to be 2.55 × 10(-7) M by the fluorogenic method. The optical changes induced by neomycin can be attributed to the disruption of the hydrogen bonding between phenol and carboxylic acid from PCDA-AP and PCDA. PMID:23649672

  20. A simple ratiometric and colorimetric chemosensor for the selective detection of fluoride in DMSO buffered solution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Niu, Hu; Shu, Qinghai; Jin, Shaohua; Li, Bingjun; Zhu, Jiaping; Li, Lijie; Chen, Shusen

    2016-01-01

    A derivative of squaramide (cyclobuta[b]quinoxaline-1, 2(3H, 8H)-dione) has been synthesized for the ratiometric and colorimetric sensing of F- in aqueous solution in competitive fashion. With F-, probe 1 showed a highly selective naked-eye detectable color change along with a characteristic UV-Vis absorbance over other tested ions, which probably originates from the deprotonation occurred between 1 and F-, as proved by the 1H NMR titration experiments and DFT calculations.

  1. A new rhodamine-based colorimetric chemosensor for naked-eye detection of Cu2 + in aqueous solution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Yang; Zhang, Jing; Lv, Yuan-Zheng; Huang, Xiao-Huan; Hu, Sheng-li

    2016-03-01

    A new colorimetric probe 1 based on rhodamine B lactam was developed for naked-eye detection of Cu2 +. The optical feature of 1 for Cu2 + was investigated by UV-vis absorption spectroscopy. Upon the addition of Cu2 +, the 1 displayed a distinct color change from colorless to pink, which can be directly detected by the naked eye. The stoichiometry of 1 to Cu2 + complex was found to be 1:1 and the naked-eye detection limit was determined as low as 2 μM. The results suggest that the probe 1 may provide a convenient method for visual detection of Cu2 + with high sensitivity.

  2. Highly Sensitive Colorimetric Cancer Cell Detection Based on Dual Signal Amplification.

    PubMed

    Yu, Tao; Dai, Pan-Pan; Xu, Jing-Juan; Chen, Hong-Yuan

    2016-02-24

    Facile and efficient detection of cancer cells at their preclinical stages is one of the central challenges in cancer diagnostics. A direct, rapid, highly sensitive and specific biosensor for detection of cancer biomarkers is desirable in early diagnosis and prognosis of cancer. In this work, we developed, for the first time, an easy and intuitive dispersion-dominated colorimetric strategy for cancer cell detection based on combining multi-DNA released from an aptamer scaffold with cyclic enzymatic amplification, which was triggered by aptamer DNA conformational switch and demonstrated by non-cross-linking gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) aggregation. First, five kinds of messenger DNAs (mDNAs) were aligned on the cancer cell aptamers modified on magnetic beads (MBs) to form mDNAs-Apt-MBs biocompatible nanosensors. In the presence of target cells, the aptamer would bind to the receptors on the cell membranes, and mDNAs would be released, resulting in the first amplification that one biological binding event would cause the release of multiple kinds of mDNAs simultaneously. After magnetic separation, the released mDNAs were introduced into the cyclic enzymatic amplification to cleave more single strand DNA (ssDNA) fragments. Instead of modification of Au NPs, these fragments and mDNAs could be adsorbed on the surface of Au NPs to prevent particle aggregation and ensure the stability and color of solution in high salt environments. The linear response for HL-60 cells in a concentration range from 10 to 10(4) cells was obtained with a detection limit of four cells in buffer solution. Moreover, the feasibility of the proposed strategy was demonstrated in a diluted serum sample. This dual signal amplification method can be extended to other types of cancer cells, which has potential application in point-of-care cancer diagnosis. PMID:26824724

  3. Colorimetric and Fluorescent Biosensors Based on Directed Assembly of Nanomaterials with Functional DNA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Juewen; Lu, Yi

    This chapter reviews recent progress in the interface between functional nucleic acids and nanoscale science and technology, and its analytical applications. In particular, the use of metallic nanoparticles as the color reporting groups for the action (binding, catalysis, or both) of aptamers, DNAzymes, and aptazymes is described in detail. Because metallic nanoparticles possess high extinction coefficients and distance-dependent optical properties, they allow highly sensitive detections with minimal consumption of materials. The combination of quantum dots (QDs) with functional nucleic acids as fluorescent sensors is also described. The chapter starts with the design of colorimetric and fluorescent sensors responsive to single analytes, followed by sensors responsive to multiple analytes with controllable cooperativity and multiplex detection using both colorimetric and fluorescent signals in one pot, and ends by transferring solution-based detections into litmus paper type of tests, making them generally applicable and usable for a wide range of on-site and real-time analytical applications such as household tests, environmental monitoring, and clinical diagnostics.

  4. An organic indicator functionalized graphene oxide nanocomposite-based colorimetric assay for the detection of sarcosine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xue, Zhonghua; Yin, Bo; Wang, Hui; Li, Mengqian; Rao, Honghong; Liu, Xiuhui; Zhou, Xinbin; Lu, Xiaoquan

    2016-03-01

    Rapid detection of sarcosine is a key requirement for both diagnosis and treatment of disease. We report here a simple yet sensitive colorimetric nanocomposite platform for rapid detection of sarcosine in alkaline media. The approach exploited the benefits of a rapid color-producing reaction between an organic indicator, 1,2-naphthoquinone-4-sulphonic acid sodium salt (NQS), and the analyte of sarcosine species as well as the good catalytic ability of graphene oxide (GO) to the formation of highly colored products due to its good water dispersibility, extremely large surface area and facile surface modification. As a result, a NQS functionalized GO nanocomposite through π-π stacking has been demonstrated to be useful as a highly efficient catalyst system for the selective and sensitive colorimetric determination of sarcosine by providing a nanocomposite-amplified colorimetric response. Meanwhile, the strategy offered excellent selectivity toward sarcosine species against other amino acids as well as a satisfying detection limit of 0.73 μM. More importantly, by using an electrochemical method, a credible sensing mechanism of GO nanocomposite-based colorimetric platform for a special analyte determination can be easily verified and elucidated, which also provides an attractive alternative to conventional characterization strategies.Rapid detection of sarcosine is a key requirement for both diagnosis and treatment of disease. We report here a simple yet sensitive colorimetric nanocomposite platform for rapid detection of sarcosine in alkaline media. The approach exploited the benefits of a rapid color-producing reaction between an organic indicator, 1,2-naphthoquinone-4-sulphonic acid sodium salt (NQS), and the analyte of sarcosine species as well as the good catalytic ability of graphene oxide (GO) to the formation of highly colored products due to its good water dispersibility, extremely large surface area and facile surface modification. As a result, a NQS

  5. ``Red-to-blue'' colorimetric detection of cysteine via anti-etching of silver nanoprisms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Yonglong; Li, Zihou; Gao, Yuexia; Gong, An; Zhang, Yujie; Hosmane, Narayan S.; Shen, Zheyu; Wu, Aiguo

    2014-08-01

    The reported strategies for cysteine (Cys) colorimetric detection based on noble metal nanomaterials include triggering aggregation, etching or fluorescence quenching of nanomaterials by Cys. In this study, we propose a new strategy for Cys colorimetric detection, i.e. anti-etching of silver nanoprisms (AgNPRs). In the absence of Cys, iodide ions (I-) could etch the corners and edges of AgNPRs and induce the morphology transition from nanoprism to nanodisk, which results in color change of the AgNPR dispersion from blue to red. In its presence, however, Cys can prevent the AgNPRs from I- attack. In that case, the color of the AgNPR dispersion containing I- and Cys remains blue. The mechanism is confirmed by using UV-vis spectra, TEM, DLS, Raman spectra and XPS spectra. According to the sensing effect of the Cys detection system, the concentration of I- incubated with AgNPRs, incubation time of AgNPRs and I-, and pH of AgNPR dispersions are optimized to 5.0 μM, 10 min, and pH 6.2, respectively. Under the optimized conditions, the proposed Cys detection system has excellent selectivity and high sensitivity. The limit of detection (LOD) of our Cys detection system is 25 nM by the naked eye, which is much better than the reported lowest LOD by eye-vision (100 nM), and 10 nM by UV-vis spectroscopy. The results of Cys detection in rabbit urine or plasma samples reinforce that our Cys detection system is applicable for rapid colorimetric detection of Cys in real body fluid samples.The reported strategies for cysteine (Cys) colorimetric detection based on noble metal nanomaterials include triggering aggregation, etching or fluorescence quenching of nanomaterials by Cys. In this study, we propose a new strategy for Cys colorimetric detection, i.e. anti-etching of silver nanoprisms (AgNPRs). In the absence of Cys, iodide ions (I-) could etch the corners and edges of AgNPRs and induce the morphology transition from nanoprism to nanodisk, which results in color change of the

  6. "Red-to-blue" colorimetric detection of cysteine via anti-etching of silver nanoprisms.

    PubMed

    Li, Yonglong; Li, Zihou; Gao, Yuexia; Gong, An; Zhang, Yujie; Hosmane, Narayan S; Shen, Zheyu; Wu, Aiguo

    2014-09-21

    The reported strategies for cysteine (Cys) colorimetric detection based on noble metal nanomaterials include triggering aggregation, etching or fluorescence quenching of nanomaterials by Cys. In this study, we propose a new strategy for Cys colorimetric detection, i.e. anti-etching of silver nanoprisms (AgNPRs). In the absence of Cys, iodide ions (I(-)) could etch the corners and edges of AgNPRs and induce the morphology transition from nanoprism to nanodisk, which results in color change of the AgNPR dispersion from blue to red. In its presence, however, Cys can prevent the AgNPRs from I(-) attack. In that case, the color of the AgNPR dispersion containing I(-) and Cys remains blue. The mechanism is confirmed by using UV-vis spectra, TEM, DLS, Raman spectra and XPS spectra. According to the sensing effect of the Cys detection system, the concentration of I(-) incubated with AgNPRs, incubation time of AgNPRs and I(-), and pH of AgNPR dispersions are optimized to 5.0 μM, 10 min, and pH 6.2, respectively. Under the optimized conditions, the proposed Cys detection system has excellent selectivity and high sensitivity. The limit of detection (LOD) of our Cys detection system is 25 nM by the naked eye, which is much better than the reported lowest LOD by eye-vision (100 nM), and 10 nM by UV-vis spectroscopy. The results of Cys detection in rabbit urine or plasma samples reinforce that our Cys detection system is applicable for rapid colorimetric detection of Cys in real body fluid samples. PMID:25083798

  7. G-quadruplex-generating polymerase chain reaction for visual colorimetric detection of amplicons.

    PubMed

    Bhadra, Sanchita; Codrea, Vlad; Ellington, Andrew D

    2014-01-15

    We have developed a self-reporting polymerase chain reaction (PCR) system for visual colorimetric gene detection and distinction of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Amplification is performed using target-specific primers modified with a 5'-end tail that is complementary to a G-quadruplex deoxyribozyme-forming sequence. At end-point, G-quadruplexes are forced to fold from PCR-generated duplex DNA and then are used to colorimetrically report the successful occurrence of PCR by assaying their peroxidase activity using a chromogenic substrate. Furthermore, primer design considerations for the G-quadruplex-generating PCR system have allowed us to visually distinguish SNPs associated with Mycobacterium tuberculosis drug resistance alleles. PMID:24135653

  8. [Detection of viable metabolically active yeast cells using a colorimetric assay].

    PubMed

    Růzicka, F; Holá, V

    2008-02-01

    The increasing concern of yeasts able to form biofilm brings about the need for susceptibility testing of both planktonic and biofilm cells. Detection of viability or metabolic activity of yeast cells after exposure to antimicrobials plays a key role in the assessment of susceptibility testing results. Colorimetric assays based on the color change of the medium in the presence of metabolically active cells proved suitable for this purpose. In this study, the usability of a colorimetric assay with the resazurin redox indicator for monitoring the effect of yeast inoculum density on the reduction rate was tested. As correlation between the color change rate and inoculum density was observed, approximate quantification of viable cells was possible. The assay would be of relevance to antifungal susceptibility testing in both planktonic and biofilm yeasts. PMID:18318392

  9. Colorimetric peroxidase mimetic assay for uranyl detection in sea water.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Dingyuan; Chen, Zhuo; Omar, Haneen; Deng, Lin; Khashab, Niveen M

    2015-03-01

    Uranyl (UO2(2+)) is a form of uranium in aqueous solution that represents the greatest risk to human health because of its bioavailability. Different sensing techniques have been used with very sensitive detection limits especially the recently reported uranyl-specific DNAzymes systems. However, to the best of our knowledge, few efficient detection methods have been reported for uranyl sensing in seawater. Herein, gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) are employed in an efficient spectroscopic method to detect uranyl ion (UO2(2+)) with a detection limit of 1.86 μM. In the absence of UO2(2+), the BSA-stabilized AuNCs (BSA-AuNCs) showed an intrinsic peroxidase-like activity. In the presence of UO2(2+), this activity can be efficiently restrained. The preliminary quenching mechanism and selectivity of UO2(2+) was also investigated and compared with other ions. This design strategy could be useful in understanding the binding affinity of protein-stabilized AuNCs to UO2(2+) and consequently prompt the recycling of UO2(2+) from seawater. PMID:25658750

  10. Colorimetric Detection Of Substances In Liquids And Gases

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harris, J. Milton; Mcgill, R. Andrew; Paley, Mark S.

    1992-01-01

    Thin polymer films containing solvatochromic dyes used as sensing elements to detect substances dissolved in liquids and gases. Dyes do not react with liquids in which dissolved, but do respond to changes in chemical compositions by changing color. Concentration determined visually by comparison of color with predetermined standard chart, or spectrophotometrically.

  11. A Simple Colorimetric Assay for Specific Detection of Glutathione-S Transferase Activity Associated with DDT Resistance in Mosquitoes

    PubMed Central

    Rajatileka, Shavanti; Steven, Andrew; Hemingway, Janet; Ranson, Hilary; Paine, Mark; Vontas, John

    2010-01-01

    Background Insecticide-based methods represent the most effective means of blocking the transmission of vector borne diseases. However, insecticide resistance poses a serious threat and there is a need for tools, such as diagnostic tests for resistance detection, that will improve the sustainability of control interventions. The development of such tools for metabolism-based resistance in mosquito vectors lags behind those for target site resistance mutations. Methodology/Principal Findings We have developed and validated a simple colorimetric assay for the detection of Epsilon class Glutathione transferases (GST)-based DDT resistance in mosquito species, such as Aedes aegypti, the major vector of dengue and yellow fever worldwide. The colorimetric assay is based on the specific alkyl transferase activity of Epsilon GSTs for the haloalkene substrate iodoethane, which produces a dark blue colour highly correlated with AaGSTE2-2-overexpression in individual mosquitoes. The colour can be measured visually and spectrophotometrically. Conclusions/Significance The novel assay is substantially more sensitive compared to the gold standard CDNB assay and allows the discrimination of moderate resistance phenotypes. We anticipate that it will have direct application in routine vector monitoring as a resistance indicator and possibly an important impact on disease vector control. PMID:20824165

  12. Highly sensitive and specific colorimetric detection of cancer cells via dual-aptamer target binding strategy.

    PubMed

    Wang, Kun; Fan, Daoqing; Liu, Yaqing; Wang, Erkang

    2015-11-15

    Simple, rapid, sensitive and specific detection of cancer cells is of great importance for early and accurate cancer diagnostics and therapy. By coupling nanotechnology and dual-aptamer target binding strategies, we developed a colorimetric assay for visually detecting cancer cells with high sensitivity and specificity. The nanotechnology including high catalytic activity of PtAuNP and magnetic separation & concentration plays a vital role on the signal amplification and improvement of detection sensitivity. The color change caused by small amount of target cancer cells (10 cells/mL) can be clearly distinguished by naked eyes. The dual-aptamer target binding strategy guarantees the detection specificity that large amount of non-cancer cells and different cancer cells (10(4) cells/mL) cannot cause obvious color change. A detection limit as low as 10 cells/mL with detection linear range from 10 to 10(5) cells/mL was reached according to the experimental detections in phosphate buffer solution as well as serum sample. The developed enzyme-free and cost effective colorimetric assay is simple and no need of instrument while still provides excellent sensitivity, specificity and repeatability, having potential application on point-of-care cancer diagnosis. PMID:26042871

  13. Sensitive colorimetric detection of Listeria monocytogenes based on isothermal gene amplification and unmodified gold nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Fu, Zhongyu; Zhou, Xiaoming; Xing, Da

    2013-12-15

    Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes), one of most problematic food-borne bacteria, is mainly transmitted through the food chain and may cause listeriosis. Therefore, the development of rapid and sensitive L. monocytogenes detection technique has become an urgent task. In this study, we proposed a method using hyperbranching rolling circle amplification (HRCA) combined with gold nanoparticle (GNP) based colorimetric strategy to offer an isothermal, highly sensitive and specific assay for the detection of L. monocytogenes. First, a linear padlock probe targeting a specific sequence in the hly gene was designed and followed with a ligation by Taq DNA ligase. After ligation, further amplification by HRCA with a thiolated primer and an unlabeled primer is performed. The resulting thiolated HRCA products were then captured onto GNP surface and made GNP more salt-tolerant. Detection of the bacteria can be achieved by a facilitated GNP based colorimetric testing using naked eyes. Through this approach, as low as 100 aM synthetic hly gene targets and about 75 copies of L. monocytogenes can be detected. The specificity is evaluated by distinguishing target L. monocytogenes from other bacteria. The artificial contaminated food samples were also detected for its potential applications in real food detection. This method described here is ideal for bacteria detection due to its simplicity and high sensitivity. PMID:23948710

  14. Optimization of Polydiacetylene-Coated Superparamagnetic Magnetite Biosensor for Colorimetric Detection of Biomarkers.

    PubMed

    Chan, Terence; Verma, Mohit S; Gu, Frank X

    2015-04-01

    Biosensors for point-of-care testing of critical illnesses are urgently needed, especially in many areas of poor healthcare infrastructure. Polydiacetylene-based sensors are ideal because of their unique colorimetric properties where blue to red color shifts can be observed with the naked eye. In this work, a colorimetric biosensor capable of simple, rapid magnetic separation is optimized, using horse IgG as a model antibody, to obtain higher sensitivity. Composed of a unique combination of polydiacetylene and superparamagnetic iron oxide, the biosensor is fabricated at varying ratios of polydiacetylene to demonstrate optimization of color responsiveness. At increasing polydiacetylene ratios, improved color responsiveness and aqueous dispersion are observed, but the magnetic separation efficiency starts to suffer. The optimal color response is obtained at 90 wt% polydiacetylene. In addition, a 50 times improved lower detection limit of 0.01 mg/mL horse IgG is achieved, a relevant biomarker concentration for diagnosing sepsis. This platform provides a promising colorimetric biosensor for point-of-care use. PMID:26353474

  15. Chloride accelerated Fenton chemistry for the ultrasensitive and selective colorimetric detection of copper.

    PubMed

    Shan, Zhi; Lu, Mingsheng; Wang, Li; MacDonald, Bruce; MacInnis, Judy; Mkandawire, Martin; Zhang, Xu; Oakes, Ken D

    2016-02-01

    A highly selective, ultrasensitive (visual and instrumental detection limits of 40 nM and 0.1 nM, respectively), environmentally-friendly, simple and rapid colorimetric sensor was developed for the detection of copper(II) in water. This sensor is based on a novel signal-amplification mechanism involving reactive halide species (RHSs) including chlorides or bromides, which accelerate copper Fenton reactions oxidizing the chromogenic substrate to develop colour. The results of this study expand our understanding of copper-based Fenton chemistry. PMID:26685747

  16. Iodide-Responsive Cu-Au Nanoparticle-Based Colorimetric Platform for Ultrasensitive Detection of Target Cancer Cells.

    PubMed

    Ye, Xiaosheng; Shi, Hui; He, Xiaoxiao; Wang, Kemin; He, Dinggeng; Yan, Lv'an; Xu, Fengzhou; Lei, Yanli; Tang, Jinlu; Yu, Yanru

    2015-07-21

    Colorimetric analysis is promising in developing facile, fast, and point-of-care cancer diagnosis techniques, but the existing colorimetric cancer cell assays remain problematic because of dissatisfactory sensitivity as well as complex probe design or synthesis. To solve the problem, we here present a novel colorimetric analytical strategy based on iodide-responsive Cu-Au nanoparticles (Cu-Au NPs) combined with the iodide-catalyzed H2O2-TMB (3,3,5,5-tetramethylbenzidine) reaction system. In this strategy, bimetallic Cu-Au NPs prepared with an irregular shape and a diameter of ∼15 nm could chemically absorb iodide, thus indirectly inducing colorimetric signal variation of the H2O2-TMB system. By further utilizing its property of easy biomolecule modification, a versatile colorimetric platform was constructed for detection of any target that could cause the change of Cu-Au NPs concentration via molecular recognition. As proof of concept, an analysis of human leukemia CCRF-CEM cells was performed using aptamer Sgc8c-modified Cu-Au NPs as the colorimetric probe. Results showed that Sgc8c-modified Cu-Au NPs successfully achieved a simple, label-free, cost-effective, visualized, selective, and ultrasensitive detection of cancer cells with a linear range from 50 to 500 cells/mL and a detection limit of 5 cells in 100 μL of binding buffer. Moreover, feasibility was demonstrated for cancer cell analysis in diluted serum samples. The iodide-responsive Cu-Au NP-based colorimetric strategy might not only afford a new design pattern for developing cancer cell assays but also greatly extend the application of the iodide-catalyzed colorimetric system. PMID:26100583

  17. Prussian blue nanoparticles as peroxidase mimetics for sensitive colorimetric detection of hydrogen peroxide and glucose.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Weimin; Ma, Diao; Du, Jianxiu

    2014-03-01

    Prussian blue nanoparticles (PB NPs) exhibits an intrinsic peroxidase-like catalytic activity towards the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-mediated oxidation of classical peroxidase substrate 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt to produce a colored product. The catalysis follows Michaelis-Menen kinetics and shows strong affinity for H2O2. Using PB NPs as a peroxidase mimetics, a colorimetric method was developed for the detection of 0.05-50.0 μM H2O2, with a detection limit of 0.031 μM. When the catalytic reaction of PB NPs was coupled with the reaction of glucose oxidation catalyzed by glucose oxidase, a sensitive and selective colorimetric method for the detection of glucose was realized. The limit of detection for glucose was determined to be as low as 0.03 μM and the linear range was from 0.1 μM to 50.0 μM. The method was successfully applied to the determination of glucose in human serum. Compared with other nanomaterials-based peroxidase mimetics, PB NPs provides 10-100 times higher sensitivity toward the detection of H2O2 and glucose. The detection platform developed showed great potential applications in varieties of physiological importance substances when merged with appropriate H2O2-producing oxidases. PMID:24468383

  18. A colorimetric and fluorescent probe for detecting intracellular biothiols.

    PubMed

    Chen, Chunyang; Liu, Wei; Xu, Cong; Liu, Weisheng

    2016-11-15

    A new rapid and highly sensitive coumarin-based probe (probe 1) has been designed and synthesized for detecting intracellular thiols. Probe 1 was prepared by a 4-step procedure as a latent fluorescence probe to achieve high sensitivity and fluorescence turn-on response toward cysteine and homocysteine over GSH and other various natural amino acids under physiological conditions. Owing to specific cyclization between thiols and aldehyde group, probe 1 displayed a highly selectivity toward cysteine and homocysteine. Above all, probe 1 was successfully used for fluorescence imaging of biothiols in Hela cells, and quantitative determination had been achieved within a certain range. Then specific fluorescence imaging of mice organ tissues was obtained for proving the permeability of probe 1. Simultaneously, the viability was measured to be more than 80%, which shows probe 1 can be a rapid and biocompatible probe for biothiols in cells. Furthermore, the measurement of thiols detection in 5 kinds of animal serum showed that probe 1 can be used in determination of biothiols in blood. PMID:27155115

  19. A Rapid In Situ Colorimetric Assay for Cobalt Detection by the Naked Eye.

    PubMed

    Kang, Sung-Min; Jang, Sung-Chan; Kim, Gi Yong; Lee, Chang-Soo; Huh, Yun Suk; Roh, Changhyun

    2016-01-01

    A simple, rapid, and convenient colorimetric chemosensor of a specific target toward the end user is still required for on-site detection and real-time monitoring applications. In this study, we developed a rapid in situ colorimetric assay for cobalt detection using the naked eye. Interestingly, a yellow to light orange visual color transition was observed within 3 s when a Chrysoidine G (CG) chemosensor was exposed to cobalt. Surprisingly, the CG chemosensor had great selectivity toward cobalt without any interference of other metal ions. Under optimized conditions, a lower detection limit of 0.1 ppm via a spectrophotometer and a visual detection limit of 2 ppm with a linear range from 0.4 to 1 ppm (R² = 0.97) were determined. Moreover, the CG chemosensor is reversible and maintains its functionality after treatment with chelating agents. In conclusion, we show the superior capabilities of the CG chemosensor, which has the potential to provide extremely facile handling, high sensitivity, and a fast response time for applications of on-site detection to real-time cobalt monitoring for the general public. PMID:27144568

  20. Immunomagnetic capture and colorimetric detection of malarial biomarker Plasmodium falciparum lactate dehydrogenase.

    PubMed

    Markwalter, Christine F; Davis, Keersten M; Wright, David W

    2016-01-15

    We report a sensitive, magnetic bead-based colorimetric assay for Plasmodium falciparum lactate dehydrogenase (PfLDH) in which the biomarker is extracted from parasitized whole blood and purified based on antigen binding to antibody-functionalized magnetic particles. Antigen-bound particles are washed, and PfLDH activity is measured on-bead using an optimized colorimetric enzyme reaction (limit of detection [LOD] = 21.1 ± 0.4 parasites/μl). Enhanced analytical sensitivity is achieved by removal of PfLDH from the sample matrix before detection and elimination of nonspecific reductases and species that interfere with the optimal detection wavelength for measuring assay development. The optimized assay represents a simple and effective diagnostic strategy for P. falciparum malaria with time-to-result of 45 min and detection limits similar to those of commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits, which can take 4-6 h. This method could be expanded to detect all species of malaria by switching the capture antibody on the magnetic particles to a pan-specific Plasmodium LDH antibody. PMID:26475567

  1. Centrifugal loop-mediated isothermal amplification microdevice for rapid, multiplex and colorimetric foodborne pathogen detection.

    PubMed

    Oh, Seung Jun; Park, Byung Hyun; Jung, Jae Hwan; Choi, Goro; Lee, Doh C; Kim, Do Hyun; Seo, Tae Seok

    2016-01-15

    We present a centrifugal microfluidic device which enables multiplex foodborne pathogen identification by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) and colorimetric detection using Eriochrome Black T (EBT). Five identical structures were designed in the centrifugal microfluidic system to perform the genetic analysis of 25 pathogen samples in a high-throughput manner. The sequential loading and aliquoting of the LAMP cocktail, the primer mixtures, and the DNA sample solutions were accomplished by the optimized zigzag-shaped microchannels and RPM control. We targeted three kinds of pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella typhimurium and Vibrio parahaemolyticus) and detected the amplicons of the LAMP reaction by the EBT-mediated colorimetric method. For the limit-of-detection (LOD) test, we carried out the LAMP reaction on a chip with serially diluted DNA templates of E. coli O157:H7, and could observe the color change with 380 copies. The used primer sets in the LAMP reaction were specific only to the genomic DNA of E. coli O157:H7, enabling the on-chip selective, sensitive, and high-throughput pathogen identification with the naked eyes. The entire process was completed in 60min. Since the proposed microsystem does not require any bulky and expensive instrumentation for end-point detection, our microdevice would be adequate for point-of-care (POC) testing with high simplicity and high speed, providing an advanced genetic analysis microsystem for foodborne pathogen detection. PMID:26322592

  2. A Rapid In Situ Colorimetric Assay for Cobalt Detection by the Naked Eye

    PubMed Central

    Kang, Sung-Min; Jang, Sung-Chan; Kim, Gi Yong; Lee, Chang-Soo; Huh, Yun Suk; Roh, Changhyun

    2016-01-01

    A simple, rapid, and convenient colorimetric chemosensor of a specific target toward the end user is still required for on-site detection and real-time monitoring applications. In this study, we developed a rapid in situ colorimetric assay for cobalt detection using the naked eye. Interestingly, a yellow to light orange visual color transition was observed within 3 s when a Chrysoidine G (CG) chemosensor was exposed to cobalt. Surprisingly, the CG chemosensor had great selectivity toward cobalt without any interference of other metal ions. Under optimized conditions, a lower detection limit of 0.1 ppm via a spectrophotometer and a visual detection limit of 2 ppm with a linear range from 0.4 to 1 ppm (R2 = 0.97) were determined. Moreover, the CG chemosensor is reversible and maintains its functionality after treatment with chelating agents. In conclusion, we show the superior capabilities of the CG chemosensor, which has the potential to provide extremely facile handling, high sensitivity, and a fast response time for applications of on-site detection to real-time cobalt monitoring for the general public. PMID:27144568

  3. Photonic nanosensor for colorimetric detection of metal ions.

    PubMed

    Yetisen, Ali K; Montelongo, Yunuen; Qasim, Malik M; Butt, Haider; Wilkinson, Timothy D; Monteiro, Michael J; Yun, Seok Hyun

    2015-01-01

    The real-time sensing of metal ions at point of care requires integrated sensors with low energy and sample consumption, reversibility, and rapid recovery. Here, we report a photonic nanosensor that reversibly and quantitatively reports on variation in the concentrations of Pb(2+) and Cu(2+) ions in aqueous solutions (<500 μL) in the visible region of the spectrum (λ(max) ≈ 400-700 nm). A single 6 ns laser pulse (λ = 532 nm) was used to pattern an ∼10 μm thick photosensitive recording medium. This formed periodic AgBr nanocrystal (ø ∼ 5-20 nm) concentrated regions, which produced Bragg diffraction upon illumination with a white light source. The sensor functionalized with 8-hydroxyquinoline allowed sensing through inducing Donnan osmotic pressure and tuning its lattice spacing. The sensor quantitatively measured Pb(2+) and Cu(2+) ion concentrations within the dynamic range of 0.1-10.0 mM with limits of detection of 11.4 and 18.6 μM in under 10 min. The sensor could be reset in 3 min and was reused at least 100 times without compromising its accuracy. The plasmonic nanosensor represents a simple and label-free analytical platform with potential scalability for applications in medical diagnostics and environmental monitoring. PMID:25710792

  4. Highly sensitive colorimetric sensor for Hg(2+) detection based on cationic polymer/DNA interaction.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Yingyue; Cai, Yilin; Zhu, Yibo; Zheng, Lixue; Ding, Jianying; Quan, Ying; Wang, Limei; Qi, Bin

    2015-07-15

    The detection of ultralow concentrations of mercury is a currently significant challenge. Here, a novel strategy is proposed: the colorimetric detection of Hg(2+) based on the aggregation of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) driven by a cationic polymer. In this three-component system, DNA combines electrostatically with phthalic diglycol diacrylate (PDDA) in a solution of AuNPs. In the presence of Hg(2+), thymine (T)-Hg(2+)-T induced hairpin turns are formed in the DNA strands, which then do not interact with PDDA, enabling the freed PDDA to subsequently facilitate aggregation of the AuNPs. Thus, according to the change in color from wine-red to blue-purple upon AuNPs aggregation, a colorimetric sensor is established to detect Hg(2+). Under optimal conditions, the color change is clearly seen with the naked eye. A linear range of 0.25-500nM was obtained by absorption spectroscopy with a detection limit of approximately 0.15nM. Additionally, the proposed method shows high selectivity toward Hg(2+) in the presence of other heavy metal ions. Real sample analysis was evaluated with the use of lake water and the results suggest good potential for practical application. PMID:25727033

  5. Direct Quantification of Carotenoids in Low Fat Baby Foods Via Laser Photoacoustics and Colorimetric Index *

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dóka, O.; Ajtony, Zs.; Bicanic, D.; Valinger, D.; Végvári, Gy.

    2014-12-01

    Carotenoids are important antioxidants found in various foods including those for nutrition of infants. In this investigation, the total carotenoid content (TCC) of nine different commercially available baby foods was quantified using colorimetric index * obtained via reflectance colorimetry (RC) and by laser photoacoustic spectroscopy (LPAS) at 473 nm. The latter requires a minimum of sample preparation and only a one time calibration step which enables practically direct quantification of TCC. Results were verified versus UV-Vis spectrophotometry (SP) as the reference technique. It was shown that RC and LPAS (at 473 nm) provide satisfactory results for *, = 0.9925 and = 0.9972, respectively. Other color indices do not show a correlation with TCC. When determining the TCC in baby foods containing tomatoes, it is necessary to select a different analytical wavelength to compensate for the effect of lycopene's presence in the test samples.

  6. Nucleic acid-coupled colorimetric analyte detectors

    DOEpatents

    Charych, Deborah H.; Jonas, Ulrich

    2001-01-01

    The present invention relates to methods and compositions for the direct detection of analytes and membrane conformational changes through the detection of color changes in biopolymeric materials. In particular, the present invention provide for the direct colorimetric detection of analytes using nucleic acid ligands at surfaces of polydiacetylene liposomes and related molecular layer systems.

  7. Sensitive colorimetric detection of K(I) using catalytically active gold nanoparticles triggered signal amplification.

    PubMed

    Chen, Zhengbo; Tan, Lulu; Wang, Shaoxiong; Zhang, Yimeng; Li, Yonghui

    2016-05-15

    In this work, we report a simple, ultrasensitive, and feasible colorimetric assay for metal ion (K(+), used as a model) via inherent peroxidase-like enzymatic amplification strategy of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). It is shown that peroxidase-like activity of AuNPs can be improved dramatically by its surface activation with target-specific aptamer molecules. Whereas when the target exists, the aptamers leave the surface of AuNPs in a target concentration-dependent manner, resulting in a decrease of the nanoenzymatic catalytic ability of AuNPs. Thus, K(+) can be quantified in the presence of AuNPs by using a colorimetric sensing probe (3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine). The color change of the solution is relevant to the dose of the target, and this can be achieved with the naked eyes and monitored by UV-vis spectrometry. A linear dependence between the absorbance and target K(+) concentration is obtained under optimal conditions in the range from 0. 1 nM to 1 μM with a detection limit (LOD) of 0.06 nM estimated at the 3Sblank level. The sensitivity displays to be 2-9 orders of magnitude better than those of other K(+) detection methods. This sensing strategy may in principle be universally applicable for the detection of a range of environmental or biomedical molecules of interest. PMID:26774090

  8. Fully automated and colorimetric foodborne pathogen detection on an integrated centrifugal microfluidic device.

    PubMed

    Oh, Seung Jun; Park, Byung Hyun; Choi, Goro; Seo, Ji Hyun; Jung, Jae Hwan; Choi, Jong Seob; Kim, Do Hyun; Seo, Tae Seok

    2016-05-21

    This work describes fully automated and colorimetric foodborne pathogen detection on an integrated centrifugal microfluidic device, which is called a lab-on-a-disc. All the processes for molecular diagnostics including DNA extraction and purification, DNA amplification and amplicon detection were integrated on a single disc. Silica microbeads incorporated in the disc enabled extraction and purification of bacterial genomic DNA from bacteria-contaminated milk samples. We targeted four kinds of foodborne pathogens (Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella typhimurium, Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Listeria monocytogenes) and performed loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) to amplify the specific genes of the targets. Colorimetric detection mediated by a metal indicator confirmed the results of the LAMP reactions with the colour change of the LAMP mixtures from purple to sky blue. The whole process was conducted in an automated manner using the lab-on-a-disc and a miniaturized rotary instrument equipped with three heating blocks. We demonstrated that a milk sample contaminated with foodborne pathogens can be automatically analysed on the centrifugal disc even at the 10 bacterial cell level in 65 min. The simplicity and portability of the proposed microdevice would provide an advanced platform for point-of-care diagnostics of foodborne pathogens, where prompt confirmation of food quality is needed. PMID:27112702

  9. Simple colorimetric detection of doxycycline and oxytetracycline using unmodified gold nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Jie; Fan, Shumin; Li, Zhigang; Xie, Yuanzhe; Wang, Rui; Ge, Baoyu; Wu, Jing; Wang, Ruiyong

    2014-08-01

    The interaction between tetracycline antibiotics and gold nanoparticles was studied. With citrate-coated gold nanoparticles as colorimetric probe, a simple and rapid detection method for doxycycline and oxytetracycline has been developed. This method relies on the distance-dependent optical properties of gold nanoparticles. In weakly acidic buffer medium, doxycycline and oxytetracycline could rapidly induce the aggregation of gold nanoparticles, resulting in red-to-blue (or purple) colour change. The experimental parameters were optimized with regard to pH, the concentration of the gold nanoparticles and the reaction time. Under optimal experimental conditions, the linear range of the colorimetric sensor for doxycycline/oxytetracycline was 0.06-0.66 and 0.59-8.85 μg mL-1, respectively. The corresponding limit of detection for doxycycline and oxytetracycline was 0.0086 and 0.0838 μg mL-1, respectively. This assay was sensitive, selective, simple and readily used to detect tetracycline antibiotics in food products.

  10. A novel colorimetric biosensor for monitoring and detecting acute toxicity in water.

    PubMed

    Zhai, Junfeng; Yong, Daming; Li, Jing; Dong, Shaojun

    2013-01-21

    This work presents a new colorimetric microorganism biosensor for monitoring and detecting acute toxicity in water, where prussian blue (PB) is used as the colorimetric indicator and E. coli as the model bacterial. In this biosensor, the electron mediator, ferricyanide, accepts electrons from E. coli during respiration to produce ferrocyanide, which subsequently reacts with ferric ions to yield PB, a famous material with a blue color. Since toxicants can inhibit the respiratory activity of E. coli and then reduce the ferrocyanide and consequent PB production, toxicity can be easily detected by measuring the decrease in the production of PB induced by toxicants. Three important toxicants, 3,5-dichlorophenol (DCP), As(3+), Cr(6+) are tested and the detection limits are 3.2, 25, and 3.2 ppm, respectively. Moreover, we could identify the yellow green to dark green color change by naked eye even at concentrations as low as 12.5 ppm for both DCP and Cr(6+). Subsequently, the acute toxicities of groundwater and south lake water are successfully determined by this sensor. This biosensor is rapid, sensitive and cost-effective, and can thus be regarded as a promising biosensor for giving an early warning of acute water toxicity. PMID:23187797

  11. Sensitive detection of transcription factors by isothermal exponential amplification-based colorimetric assay.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yan; Hu, Juan; Zhang, Chun-Yang

    2012-11-01

    Transcription factors regulate gene expression by binding to specific DNA sequences within the regulatory regions of genes and have become potential targets in clinical diagnosis and drug development. However, traditional approaches for the detection of transcription factors are usually laborious and time-consuming with a low sensitivity. Here, we develop an isothermal exponential amplification reaction (EXPAR)-based colorimetric assay for simple and sensitive detection of transcription factor NF-κB p50. In this assay, the presence of NF-κB p50 is converted to the reporter oligonucleotides through protein-DNA interaction, exonuclease III digestion, and isothermal exponential amplification. The subsequent sandwich hybridization of the reporter oligonucleotides with the gold nanoparticle (AuNP)-labeled DNA probes generates a red-to-purple color change, allowing the visual detection of NF-κB p50 with the naked eye. Notably, this method converts the detection of transcription factors to the detection of DNA without the requirement of DNA marker-linked antibodies in the case of immuno-PCR and can sensitively measure NF-κB p50 with a detection limit of 3.8 pM, which has improved by as much as 4 orders of magnitude as compared with the conventional AuNP-based colorimetric assay and the label-free luminescence assay and up to 4 orders of magnitude as compared with fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based assay as well. Importantly, this method can be used to measure TNF-α-induced endogenous NF-κB p50 in HeLa cell nuclear extracts and might be further applied for the detection of various DNA-binding proteins and aptamer-binding molecules. PMID:23050558

  12. Colorimetric detection of clinical DNA samples using an intercalator-conjugated polydiacetylene sensor.

    PubMed

    Jung, Yun Kyung; Park, Hyun Gyu

    2015-10-15

    We herein developed a novel colorimetric polydiacetylene (PDA) sensor for very convenient detection of clinical DNA samples based on the interaction between an intercalator and dsDNA. We modified the terminal carboxyl group of a diacetylene monomer (10,12-pentacosadiynoic acid; PCDA) with the intercalator 9-aminoacridine (9AA) and prepared 9AA-modified PDA liposomes containing PCDA-9AA/PCDA/phospholipid (1,2-dimyristoyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine) at a molar ratio of 1.5:6.5:2.0. The PDA sensor underwent an obvious color transition from blue to red in the presence of dsDNA molecules that were PCR-amplified from genomic DNA due to the insertion of the 9AA head group of PDA into the dsDNA. DNA concentrations as low as 20 nM and relatively small molecules (around 100 base pairs) could be detected by the sensor within 1h without DNA electrophoresis. This novel colorimetric method is simple, does not require any instrument, and is therefore appropriate for POCT or portable molecular diagnostic kit. PMID:25978440

  13. Colorimetric detection of DNA hybridization based on a dual platform of gold nanoparticles and graphene oxide.

    PubMed

    Thavanathan, Jeevan; Huang, Nay Ming; Thong, Kwai Lin

    2014-05-15

    The unique property of gold nanoparticles (Au NP) to induce colour change and the versatility of graphene oxides (GO) in surface modification makes them ideal in the application of colorimetric biosensor. Thus we developed a label free optical method to detect DNA hybridization through a visually observed colour change. The Au NP is conjugated to a DNA probe and is allowed to hybridize with the DNA target to the GO thus causing a change in colour from pinkish-red to purplish blue. Spectrophometry analysis gave a wavelength shift of 22 nm with 1 µM of DNA target. Sensitivity testing using serially diluted DNA conjugated GO showed that the optimum detection was at 63 nM of DNA target with the limit at 8 nM. This proves the possibility for the detection of DNA hybridization through the use of dual nanoparticle system by visual observation. PMID:24368225

  14. Selective colorimetric detection of polynucleotides based on the distance-dependent optical properties of gold nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Elghanian, R; Storhoff, J J; Mucic, R C; Letsinger, R L; Mirkin, C A

    1997-08-22

    A highly selective, colorimetric polynucleotide detection method based on mercaptoalkyloligonucleotide-modified gold nanoparticle probes is reported. Introduction of a single-stranded target oligonucleotide (30 bases) into a solution containing the appropriate probes resulted in the formation of a polymeric network of nanoparticles with a concomitant red-to-pinkish/purple color change. Hybridization was facilitated by freezing and thawing of the solutions, and the denaturation of these hybrid materials showed transition temperatures over a narrow range that allowed differentiation of a variety of imperfect targets. Transfer of the hybridization mixture to a reverse-phase silica plate resulted in a blue color upon drying that could be detected visually. The unoptimized system can detect about 10 femtomoles of an oligonucleotide. PMID:9262471

  15. Colorimetric Detection of Cadmium Ions Using DL-Mercaptosuccinic Acid-Modified Gold Nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Chen, Na; Chen, Jun; Yang, Jing-Hua; Bai, Lian-Yang; Zhang, Yu-Ping

    2016-01-01

    A colorimetric assay has been developed for detection of Cd²⁺ utilizing DL-mercaptosuccinic acid-modified gold nanoparticles (MSA-AuNPs). The method showed good selectivity for Cd²⁺ over other metal ions. As a result, the linear relationships (r > 0.9606) between concentration 0.07 mM and 0.20 mM for cadmium ion were obtained. The detection limit was as low as 0.07 mM by the naked eye. The effect of pH on the aggregation was optimized. The MSA-AuNPs probe could be used to detect Cd²⁺ in an aqueous solution based on the aggregation-induced color change of MSA-AuNPs. PMID:27398533

  16. Novel pyridyl based azo-derivative for the selective and colorimetric detection of nickel(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biswas, Sujan; Acharyya, Samik; Sarkar, Deblina; Gharami, Saswati; Mondal, Tapan Kumar

    2016-04-01

    A highly sensitive and selective pyridyl based colorimetric chemosensor (H2L) for the efficient detection of Ni2 + has been reported. The synthesized chemosensor H2L is highly efficient in detecting Ni2 + even in the presence of other metal ions that commonly co-exist with Ni2 +. H2L also shows distinct color change from green to deep red visible under naked eye due to specific binding with Ni2 +. This color change is due to formation of a new band at 510 nm upon gradual addition of Ni2 +. The association constant has been found to be 1.27 × 105 M- 1 with limit of detection (LOD) of 8.3 × 10- 7 M. Electronic structure of the H2L-Ni2 + complex and sensing mechanism have been interpreted theoretically by DFT and TDDFT calculations.

  17. Nanomolar colorimetric quantitative detection of Fe3 + and PPi with high selectivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Zhanxian; Li, Haixia; Shi, Caixia; Yu, Mingming; Wei, Liuhe; Ni, Zhonghai

    2016-04-01

    A novel rhodamine and 8-hydroxyquinoline-based derivative was synthesized, which is shown to act as a colorimetric chemosensor for Fe3 + in aqueous solution with high selectivity over various environmentally and biologically relevant metal ions and anions with a distinct color change from colorless to pink in very fast response time (< 1 min). Fe3 + can be detected quantitatively in the concentration range from 6.7 to 16 μM and the detection limit (LOD) on UV-vis response of the sensor can be as low as 15 nM. The 'in situ' prepared Fe3 + complex (1 ṡ Fe) showed high selectivity toward PPi against many common anions, and sensitivity (the LOD can be as low as 71 nM). In addition, both the chemosensor and the 'in situ' prepared Fe3 + complex are reusable for the detection of Fe3 + and PPi respectively.

  18. Colorimetric detection of urine glucose based ZnFe2O4 magnetic nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Su, Li; Feng, Jie; Zhou, Ximin; Ren, Cuiling; Li, Honghong; Chen, Xingguo

    2012-07-01

    In this paper, we discovered that ZnFe(2)O(4) magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) possess intrinsic peroxidase-like activity. ZnFe(2)O(4) MNPs exhibit several advantages such as high catalytic efficiency, good stability, monodispersion, and rapid separation over other peroxidase nanomimetics and horseradish peroxidase (HRP). ZnFe(2)O(4) MNPs were used as a colorimetric biosensor for the detection of urine glucose. This method is simple, inexpensive, highly sensitive, and selective for glucose detection using glucose oxidase (GOx) and ZnFe(2)O(4) MNPs with a linear range from 1.25 × 10(-6) to 1.875 × 10(-5) mol L(-1) with a detection limit of 3.0 × 10(-7) mol L(-1). The color change observable by the naked eyes based on the oxidation of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) is the principle for the sensing of urine glucose level. PMID:22702236

  19. Novel pyridyl based azo-derivative for the selective and colorimetric detection of nickel(II).

    PubMed

    Biswas, Sujan; Acharyya, Samik; Sarkar, Deblina; Gharami, Saswati; Mondal, Tapan Kumar

    2016-04-15

    A highly sensitive and selective pyridyl based colorimetric chemosensor (H2L) for the efficient detection of Ni(2+) has been reported. The synthesized chemosensor H2L is highly efficient in detecting Ni(2+) even in the presence of other metal ions that commonly co-exist with Ni(2+). H2L also shows distinct color change from green to deep red visible under naked eye due to specific binding with Ni(2+). This color change is due to formation of a new band at 510nm upon gradual addition of Ni(2+). The association constant has been found to be 1.27×10(5)M(-1) with limit of detection (LOD) of 8.3×10(-7)M. Electronic structure of the H2L-Ni(2+) complex and sensing mechanism have been interpreted theoretically by DFT and TDDFT calculations. PMID:26845582

  20. Nanomolar colorimetric quantitative detection of Fe(3+) and PPi with high selectivity.

    PubMed

    Li, Zhanxian; Li, Haixia; Shi, Caixia; Yu, Mingming; Wei, Liuhe; Ni, Zhonghai

    2016-04-15

    A novel rhodamine and 8-hydroxyquinoline-based derivative was synthesized, which is shown to act as a colorimetric chemosensor for Fe(3+) in aqueous solution with high selectivity over various environmentally and biologically relevant metal ions and anions with a distinct color change from colorless to pink in very fast response time (<1min). Fe(3+) can be detected quantitatively in the concentration range from 6.7 to 16μM and the detection limit (LOD) on UV-vis response of the sensor can be as low as 15nM. The 'in situ' prepared Fe(3+) complex (1⋅Fe) showed high selectivity toward PPi against many common anions, and sensitivity (the LOD can be as low as 71nM). In addition, both the chemosensor and the 'in situ' prepared Fe(3+) complex are reusable for the detection of Fe(3+) and PPi respectively. PMID:26878355

  1. A simple colorimetric DNA detection by target-induced hybridization chain reaction for isothermal signal amplification.

    PubMed

    Ma, Cuiping; Wang, Wenshuo; Mulchandani, Ashok; Shi, Chao

    2014-07-15

    A novel DNA detection method is presented based on a gold nanoparticle (AuNP) colorimetric assay and hybridization chain reaction (HCR). In this method, target DNA hybridized with probe DNA modified on AuNP, and triggered HCR. The resulting HCR products with a large number of negative charges significantly enhanced the stability of AuNPs, inhibiting aggregation of AuNPs at an elevated salt concentration. The approach was highly sensitive and selective. Using this enzyme-free and isothermal signal amplification method, we were able to detect target DNA at concentrations as low as 0.5 nM with the naked eye. Our method also has great potential for detecting other analytes, such as metal ions, proteins, and small molecules, if the target analytes could make HCR products attach to AuNPs. PMID:24780220

  2. Colorimetric TMPRSS2-ERG Gene Fusion Detection in Prostate Cancer Urinary Samples via Recombinase Polymerase Amplification

    PubMed Central

    Koo, Kevin M.; Wee, Eugene J.H.; Trau, Matt

    2016-01-01

    TMPRSS2 (Exon 1)-ERG (Exon 4) is the most frequent gene fusion event in prostate cancer (PC), and is highly PC-specific unlike the current serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) biomarker. However, TMPRSS2-ERG levels are currently measured with quantitative reverse-transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) which is time-consuming and requires costly equipment, thus limiting its use in clinical diagnostics. Herein, we report a novel rapid, cost-efficient and minimal-equipment assay named “FusBLU” for detecting TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusions from urine. TMPRSS2-ERG mRNA was amplified by isothermal reverse transcription-recombinase polymerase amplification (RT-RPA), magnetically-isolated, and detected through horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-catalyzed colorimetric reaction. FusBLU was specific for TMPRSS2-ERG mRNA with a low visual detection limit of 105 copies. We also demonstrated assay readout versatility on 3 potentially useful platforms. The colorimetric readout was detectable by naked eye for a quick yes/no evaluation of gene fusion presence. On the other hand, a more quantitative TMPRSS2-ERG detection was achievable by absorbance/electrochemical measurements. FusBLU was successfully applied to 12 urinary samples and results were validated by gold-standard RT-qPCR. We also showed that sediment RNA was likely the main source of TMPRSS2-ERG mRNA in urinary samples. We believe that our assay is a potential clinical screening tool for PC and could also have wide applications for other disease-related fusion genes. PMID:27375789

  3. Colorimetric TMPRSS2-ERG Gene Fusion Detection in Prostate Cancer Urinary Samples via Recombinase Polymerase Amplification.

    PubMed

    Koo, Kevin M; Wee, Eugene J H; Trau, Matt

    2016-01-01

    TMPRSS2 (Exon 1)-ERG (Exon 4) is the most frequent gene fusion event in prostate cancer (PC), and is highly PC-specific unlike the current serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) biomarker. However, TMPRSS2-ERG levels are currently measured with quantitative reverse-transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) which is time-consuming and requires costly equipment, thus limiting its use in clinical diagnostics. Herein, we report a novel rapid, cost-efficient and minimal-equipment assay named "FusBLU" for detecting TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusions from urine. TMPRSS2-ERG mRNA was amplified by isothermal reverse transcription-recombinase polymerase amplification (RT-RPA), magnetically-isolated, and detected through horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-catalyzed colorimetric reaction. FusBLU was specific for TMPRSS2-ERG mRNA with a low visual detection limit of 10(5) copies. We also demonstrated assay readout versatility on 3 potentially useful platforms. The colorimetric readout was detectable by naked eye for a quick yes/no evaluation of gene fusion presence. On the other hand, a more quantitative TMPRSS2-ERG detection was achievable by absorbance/electrochemical measurements. FusBLU was successfully applied to 12 urinary samples and results were validated by gold-standard RT-qPCR. We also showed that sediment RNA was likely the main source of TMPRSS2-ERG mRNA in urinary samples. We believe that our assay is a potential clinical screening tool for PC and could also have wide applications for other disease-related fusion genes. PMID:27375789

  4. Beetroot-pigment-derived colorimetric sensor for detection of calcium dipicolinate in bacterial spores.

    PubMed

    Gonçalves, Letícia Christina Pires; Da Silva, Sandra Maria; DeRose, Paul C; Ando, Rômulo Augusto; Bastos, Erick Leite

    2013-01-01

    In this proof-of-concept study, we describe the use of the main red beet pigment betanin for the quantification of calcium dipicolinate in bacterial spores, including Bacillus anthracis. In the presence of europium(III) ions, betanin is converted to a water-soluble, non-luminescent orange 1∶1 complex with a stability constant of 1.4 × 10(5) L mol(-1). The addition of calcium dipicolinate, largely found in bacterial spores, changes the color of the aqueous solution of [Eu(Bn)(+)] from orange to magenta. The limit of detection (LOD) of calcium dipicolinate is around 2.0 × 10(-6) mol L(-1) and the LOD determined for both spores, B. cereus and B. anthracis, is (1.1 ± 0.3)× 10(6) spores mL(-1). This simple, green, fast and low cost colorimetric assay was selective for calcium dipicolinate when compared to several analogous compounds. The importance of this work relies on the potential use of betalains, raw natural pigments, as colorimetric sensors for biological applications. PMID:24019934

  5. A selectively fluorescein-based colorimetric probe for detecting copper(II) ion.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Li; Zhang, Xianhong

    2014-12-10

    A novel fluorescein derivative 3-bromo-5-methylsalicylaldehyde fluorescein hydrazone (BMSFH) has been synthesized by reacting fluorescein hydrazide with 3-bromo-5-methylsalicylaldehyde and was developed as a new colorimetric probe for detection of Cu(2+). In the presence of Cu(2+) the BMSFH exhibits a rapid color change from colorless to yellow together with an obvious new band appeared at 502nm in the UV-vis absorption spectra. However, other common alkali-, alkaline earth-, transition- and rare earth metal ions induced no or minimal spectral changes. This change is attributed to BMSFH via coordination with Cu(2+) in a 1:1 stoichiometry and this binding to Cu(2+) is reversible, as indicated by the bleaching of the color when the Cu(2+) is extracted with EDTA. Experimental results indicate that the BMSFH can provide a rapid, selective and sensitive response to Cu(2+) with a linear dynamic range 3.0-330μmol/L and can be used as a potential Cu(2+) colorimetric probe in aqueous solution. PMID:24929315

  6. Nylon 6-Gold Nanoparticle Composite Fibers for Colorimetric Detection of Urinary 1-Hydroxypyrene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ifegwu, O. Clinton; Anyakora, C.; Torto, N.

    2015-05-01

    A one-step in situ synthesis of nylon 6 nanofibers filled with gold nanoparticles for the colorimetric probe of 1-hydroxypyrene, a biomarker associated with the largest class of cancer-causing chemical compounds polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is proposed in this study. The gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were successfully embedded on the surface of the nylon 6 fibers where the gold particles were chemisorbed onto the amide groups in the nylon 6 backbones. By electrospinning the nylon 6/gold nanocomposite, the gold nanoparticles were uniformly dispersed on the polymer fibers to give a photostable reddish white fiber which turned purple/blue when brought in contact with a standard solution of the biomarker. The TEM revealed the formation of spherical AuNPs with an average diameter of 8 nm well arrayed within the nanofibers, but no significant change in the morphology of the nanofibers was observed. The thermal properties of the composite fibers were greatly improved compared to the electrospun nylon 6 fiber. The developed method described herein is simple, effective, requires no post-treatments, and is highly sensitive (100 ng/ml) hence the nanocomposite fibers can be employed as a test strip for the colorimetric detection of 1-hydroxypyrene in human urine or other diagnostic probe biosensors.

  7. A gold nanoparticle-based label free colorimetric aptasensor for adenosine deaminase detection and inhibition assay.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Fen; He, Yue; Xing, Xiao-Jing; Tan, Dai-Di; Lin, Yi; Pang, Dai-Wen; Tang, Hong-Wu

    2015-03-01

    A novel strategy for the fabrication of a colorimetric aptasensor using label free gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) is proposed in this work, and the strategy has been employed for the assay of adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity. The aptasensor consists of adenosine (AD) aptamer, AD and AuNPs. The design of the biosensor takes advantage of the special optical properties of AuNPs and the interaction between AuNPs and single-strand DNA. In the absence of ADA, the AuNPs are aggregated and are blue in color under appropriate salt concentration because of the grid structure of an AD aptamer when binding to AD, while in the presence of the analyte, AuNPs remain dispersed with red color under the same concentration of salt owing to ADA converting AD into inosine which has no affinity with the AD aptamer, thus allowing quantitative investigation of ADA activity. The present strategy is simple, cost-effective, selective and sensitive for ADA with a detection limit of 1.526 U L(-1), which is about one order of magnitude lower than that previously reported. In addition, a very low concentration of the inhibitor erythro-9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl) adenine (EHNA) could generate a distinguishable response. Therefore, the AuNP-based colorimetric biosensor has great potential in the diagnosis of ADA-relevant diseases and drug screening. PMID:25597304

  8. Detection of meat-borne trimethylamine based on nanoporous colorimetric sensor arrays.

    PubMed

    Xiao-wei, Huang; Zhi-hua, Li; Xiao-bo, Zou; Ji-yong, Shi; Han-ping, Mao; Jie-wen, Zhao; Li-min, Hao; Mel, Holmes

    2016-04-15

    Trimethylamine (TMA) is a key measurement indicator for meat spoilage. In order to develop simple, cheap, and sensitive sensors for TMA detection, a nanoporous colorimetric sensor array (NCSA) was developed. A sol-gel method has been used to obtain TiO2 nanoporous film as substrate material to improve the sensitivity and stability of the CSA. The sensor enabled the visual detection of TMA gas from the permissible exposure limits (PEL) 10 ppm to 60 ppb concentrations with significant response. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to characterize the functional relationship between the color difference data and TMA concentrations. Furthermore, the NCSA was used to predict the presence of TMA in Yao-meat. A partial least square (PLS) prediction model was obtained with the correlation coefficients of 0.896 and 0.837 in calibration and prediction sets, respectively. This research suggested that the NCSA offers a useful technology for quality evaluation of TMA in meat. PMID:26617036

  9. Colorimetric detection of biological hydrogen sulfide using fluorosurfactant functionalized gold nanorods.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xuan; Zhou, Wenjuan; Yuan, Zhiqin; Lu, Chao

    2015-11-01

    As a well-known environmental pollutant but also an important gaseous transmitter, the specific detection of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is significant in biological systems. In this study, fluorosurfactant functionalized gold nanorods (FSN-AuNRs) have been proposed to act as selective colorimetric nanoprobes for H2S. With the combination of strong gold-S interactions and small FSN bilayer interstices, FSN-AuNRs demonstrate favorable selectivity and sensitivity toward H2S over other anions and small biological molecules. The practical application of the present method in biological H2S detection was validated with human and mouse serum samples. Moreover, the proposed nanoprobe can also be used for evaluating the activity of H2S synthetase. PMID:26415625

  10. Simple and Sensitive Paper-Based Device Coupling Electrochemical Sample Pretreatment and Colorimetric Detection.

    PubMed

    Silva, Thalita G; de Araujo, William R; Muñoz, Rodrigo A A; Richter, Eduardo M; Santana, Mário H P; Coltro, Wendell K T; Paixão, Thiago R L C

    2016-05-17

    We report the development of a simple, portable, low-cost, high-throughput visual colorimetric paper-based analytical device for the detection of procaine in seized cocaine samples. The interference of most common cutting agents found in cocaine samples was verified, and a novel electrochemical approach was used for sample pretreatment in order to increase the selectivity. Under the optimized experimental conditions, a linear analytical curve was obtained for procaine concentrations ranging from 5 to 60 μmol L(-1), with a detection limit of 0.9 μmol L(-1). The accuracy of the proposed method was evaluated using seized cocaine samples and an addition and recovery protocol. PMID:27103080

  11. Preparation of a novel colorimetric luminescence sensor strip for the detection of indole-3-acetic acid.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yan; Dong, Haitao; Zhang, Wenzhu; Ye, Zhiqiang; Wang, Guilan; Yuan, Jingli

    2010-06-15

    A novel colorimetric luminescence sensor strip for the detection of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) has been fabricated by using green emissive quantum dots of cadmium telluride (CdTe QDs) as a background layer and a red emissive europium chelate, [4'-(9-anthryl)-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine-6,6''-diyl]bis(methylenenitrilo) tetrakis(acetate)-Eu(3+) (ATTA-Eu(3+)), as a specific sensing layer coated on the surface of glass slide, respectively. The luminescence response of the sensor strip is given by the dramatic changes in emission colors from green to red at different IAA concentrations. This approach provides a simple, rapid, sensitive and accurate method for the detection of IAA without using any special scientific instruments. PMID:20353890

  12. Colorimetric As (V) detection based on S-layer functionalized gold nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Lakatos, Mathias; Matys, Sabine; Raff, Johannes; Pompe, Wolfgang

    2015-11-01

    Herein, we present simple and rapid colorimetric and UV/VIS spectroscopic methods for detecting anionic arsenic (V) complexes in aqueous media. The methods exploit the aggregation of S-layer-functionalized spherical gold nanoparticles of sizes between 20 and 50 nm in the presence of arsenic species. The gold nanoparticles were functionalized with oligomers of the S-layer protein of Lysinibacillus sphaericus JG-A12. The aggregation of the nanoparticles results in a color change from burgundy-red for widely dispersed nanoparticles to blue for aggregated nanoparticles. A detailed signal analysis was achieved by measuring the shift of the particle plasmon resonance signal with UV/VIS spectroscopy. To further improve signal sensitivity, the influence of larger nanoparticles was tested. In the case of 50 nm gold nanoparticles, a concentration of the anionic arsenic (V) complex lower than 24 ppb was detectable. PMID:26452816

  13. In Situ Enzymatically Generated Photoswitchable Oxidase Mimetics and Their Application for Colorimetric Detection of Glucose Oxidase.

    PubMed

    Cao, Gen-Xia; Wu, Xiu-Ming; Dong, Yu-Ming; Li, Zai-Jun; Wang, Guang-Li

    2016-01-01

    In this study, a simple and amplified colorimetric assay is developed for the detection of the enzymatic activity of glucose oxidase (GOx) based on in situ formation of a photoswitchable oxidase mimetic of PO₄(3-)-capped CdS quantum dots (QDs). GOx catalyzes the oxidation of 1-thio-β-d-glucose to give 1-thio-β-d-gluconic acid which spontaneously hydrolyzes to β-d-gluconic acid and H₂S; the generated H₂S instantly reacts with Cd(2+) in the presence of Na₃PO₄ to give PO₄(3-)-stabilized CdS QDs in situ. Under visible-light (λ ≥ 400 nm) stimulation, the PO₄(3-)-capped CdS QDs are a new style of oxidase mimic derived by producing some active species, such as h⁺, (•)OH, O₂(•-) and a little H₂O₂, which can oxidize the typical substrate (3,3,5,5-tetramethylbenzydine (TMB)) with a color change. Based on the GOx-triggered growth of the oxidase mimetics of PO₄(3-)-capped CdS QDs in situ, we developed a simple and amplified colorimetric assay to probe the enzymatic activity of GOx. The proposed method allowed the detection of the enzymatic activity of GOx over the range from 25 μg/L to 50 mg/L with a low detection limit of 6.6 μg/L. We believe the PO₄(3-)-capped CdS QDs generated in situ with photo-stimulated enzyme-mimicking activity may find wide potential applications in biosensors. PMID:27409598

  14. A fast, sensitive and easy colorimetric assay for chitinase and cellulase activity detection

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Most of the current colorimetric methods for detection of chitinase or cellulase activities on the insoluble natural polymers chitin and cellulose depend on a chemical redox reaction. The reaction involves the reducing ends of the hydrolytic products. The Schales’ procedure and the 3,5-dinitrosalicylic acid (DNS) method are two examples that are commonly used. However, these methods lack sensitivity and present practical difficulties of usage in high-throughput screening assays as they require boiling or heating steps for color development. Results We report a novel method for colorimetric detection of chitinase and cellulase activity. The assay is based on the use of two oxidases: wild-type chito-oligosaccharide oxidase, ChitO, and a mutant thereof, ChitO-Q268R. ChitO was used for chitinase, while ChitO-Q268R was used for cellulase activity detection. These oxidases release hydrogen peroxide upon the oxidation of chitinase- or cellulase-produced hydrolytic products. The hydrogen peroxide produced can be monitored using a second enzyme, horseradish peroxidase (HRP), and a chromogenic peroxidase substrate. The developed ChitO-based assay can detect chitinase activity as low as 10 μU within 15 minutes of assay time. Similarly, cellulase activity can be detected in the range of 6 to 375 mU. A linear response was observed when applying the ChitO-based assay for detecting individual chito-oligosaccharides and cello-oligosaccharides. The detection limits for these compounds ranged from 5 to 25 μM. In contrast to the other commonly used methods, the Schales’ procedure and the DNS method, no boiling or heating is needed in the ChitO-based assays. The method was also evaluated for detecting hydrolytic activity on biomass-derived substrates, that is, wheat straw as a source of cellulose and shrimp shells as a source of chitin. Conclusion The ChitO-based assay has clear advantages for the detection of chitinase and cellulase activity over the conventional

  15. One-pot synthesized DNA-templated Ag/Pt bimetallic nanoclusters as peroxidase mimics for colorimetric detection of thrombin.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Cheng; Zheng, Ai-Xian; Liu, Bo; Zhang, Xiao-Long; He, Yu; Li, Juan; Yang, Huang-Hao; Chen, Guonan

    2014-11-01

    We developed a facile one-step approach to synthesize DNA-templated Ag/Pt bimetallic nanoclusters (DNA-Ag/Pt NCs), which possess highly-efficient peroxidase-like catalytic activity. With this finding, an aptamer based sandwich-type strategy is employed to design a label-free colorimetric aptasensor for the protein detection with high sensitivity and selectivity. PMID:25223346

  16. Functional surface modification of natural cellulose substances for colorimetric detection and adsorption of Hg2+ in aqueous media.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xuehai; Huang, Jianguo

    2010-09-01

    Immobilization of ruthenium dye or mercaptosilane monolayer onto metal oxide ultrathin film pre-coated cellulose nanofibres of natural cellulose substances yielded colorimetric sensing materials with high sensitivity and selectivity as well as good reversibility, and trapping materials with high efficiency for detection and adsorption of Hg(2+) ions in aqueous media. PMID:20514381

  17. New colorimetric screening assays for the directed evolution of fungal laccases to improve the conversion of plant biomass

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Fungal laccases are multicopper oxidases with huge applicability in different sectors. Here, we describe the development of a set of high-throughput colorimetric assays for screening laccase libraries in directed evolution studies. Results Firstly, we designed three colorimetric assays based on the oxidation of sinapic acid, acetosyringone and syringaldehyde with λmax of 512, 520 and 370 nm, respectively. These syringyl-type phenolic compounds are released during the degradation of lignocellulose and can act as laccase redox mediators. The oxidation of the three compounds by low and high-redox potential laccases evolved in Saccharomyces cerevisiae produced quantifiable and linear responses, with detection limits around 1 mU/mL and CV values below 16%. The phenolic substrates were also suitable for pre-screening mutant libraries on solid phase format. Intense colored-halos were developed around the yeast colonies secreting laccase. Furthermore, the oxidation of violuric acid to its iminoxyl radical (λmax of 515 nm and CV below 15%) was devised as reporter assay for laccase redox potential during the screening of mutant libraries from high-redox potential laccases. Finally, we developed three dye-decolorizing assays based on the enzymatic oxidation of Methyl Orange (470 nm), Evans Blue (605 nm) and Remazol Brilliant Blue (640 nm) giving up to 40% decolorization yields and CV values below 18%. The assays were reliable for direct measurement of laccase activity or to indirectly explore the oxidation of mediators that do not render colored products (but promote dye decolorization). Every single assay reported in this work was tested by exploring mutant libraries created by error prone PCR of fungal laccases secreted by yeast. Conclusions The high-throughput screening methods reported in this work could be useful for engineering laccases for different purposes. The assays based on the oxidation of syringyl-compounds might be valuable tools for

  18. A smart phone-based robust correction algorithm for the colorimetric detection of Urinary Tract Infection.

    PubMed

    Karlsen, Haakon; Tao Dong

    2015-08-01

    This paper presents the preliminary work of developing a smart phone based application for colorimetric detection of Urinary Tract Infection. The purpose is to make a smart phone function as a practical point-of-care device for nurses or medical personnel without access to strip readers. The main challenge is the constancy of camera color perception across different illuminations and devices, which is the first step towards a practical solution without additional equipment. A reported black and white reference correction and a comprehensive color image normalization have been utilized in this work. Comprehensive color image normalization appears to be quite effective at correcting the difference in perceived color due to different illumination, and is therefore a candidate for inclusion in the further work. PMID:26736494

  19. Smartphone based health accessory for colorimetric detection of biomarkers in sweat and saliva.

    PubMed

    Oncescu, Vlad; O'Dell, Dakota; Erickson, David

    2013-08-21

    The mobile health market is rapidly expanding and portable diagnostics tools offer an opportunity to decrease costs and increase the availability of healthcare. Here we present a smartphone based accessory and method for the rapid colorimetric detection of pH in sweat and saliva. Sweat pH can be correlated to sodium concentration and sweat rate in order to indicate to users the proper time to hydrate during physical exercise and avoid the risk of muscle cramps. Salivary pH below a critical threshold is correlated with enamel decalcification, an acidic breakdown of calcium in the teeth. We conduct a number of human trials with the device on a treadmill to demonstrate the ability to monitor changes in sweat pH due to exercise and electrolyte intake and predict optimal hydration. Additionally, we perform trials to measure salivary pH over time to monitor the effects of diet on oral health risks. PMID:23784453

  20. A DNA-gold nanoparticle-based colorimetric competition assay for the detection of cysteine.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jae-Seung; Ulmann, Pirmin A; Han, Min Su; Mirkin, Chad A

    2008-02-01

    We report the development of a highly sensitive and selective colorimetric detection method for cysteine based upon oligonucleotide-functionalized gold nanoparticle probes that contain strategically placed thymidine-thymidine (T-T) mismatches complexed with Hg2+. This assay relies upon the distance-dependent optical properties of gold nanoparticles, the sharp melting transition of oligonucleotide-linked nanoparticle aggregates, and the very selective coordination of Hg2+ with cysteine. The concentration of cysteine can be determined by monitoring with the naked eye or a UV-vis spectrometer the temperature at which the purple-to-red color change associated with aggregate dissociation takes place. This assay does not utilize organic cosolvents, enzymatic reactions, light-sensitive dye molecules, lengthy protocols, or sophisticated instrumentation thereby overcoming some of the limitations of more conventional methods. PMID:18205426

  1. Colorimetric Detection of an Airborne Remote Photocatalytic Reaction Using a Stratified Ag Nanoparticle Sheet.

    PubMed

    Degawa, Ryo; Wang, Pangpang; Tanaka, Daisuke; Park, Susie; Sakai, Nobuyuki; Tatsuma, Tetsu; Okamoto, Koichi; Tamada, Kaoru

    2016-08-16

    Photocatalysts are practically used for decomposition of harmful and fouling organic compounds. Among the photocatalytic reactions, remote oxidation via airborne species is a relatively slow process, so that a sensitive technique for its detection has been awaiting. Here, we investigated an airborne remote photocatalytic reaction of a TiO2 photocatalyst modified with Pt nanoparticles as co-catalysts via the color change caused by a decomposition of a multilayered silver nanoparticle sheet. The silver nanoparticle sheet fabricated by the Langmuir-Schaefer method on a gold substrate exhibits a unique multicolor depending upon the number of layers. The color originates from multiple light trapping in the stratified sheets that has a metamaterial characteristic along with an intra- and interlayer coupling of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR). The stepwise decomposition of the sheets was confirmed by the colorimetric data, which exhibited not only a monotonic decrease but also a maximized absorption of light when the film thickness reached the optimal thickness for light trapping or when the oxidation of the Ag core started. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy data provided a complete view of the decomposition process of this inorganic-organic nanocomposite film, and simulation by the transfer-matrix method explained a simultaneous plasmonic response rationally. The influence of the humidity and gas flow rate on the airborne remote photocatalytic reaction kinetics was examined by this colorimetric detection method, and it suggests that H2O in air plays an essential role in the reaction. PMID:27445001

  2. Homogeneous detection of unamplified genomic DNA sequences based on colorimetric scatter of gold nanoparticle probes

    PubMed Central

    Storhoff, James J; Lucas, Adam D; Garimella, Viswanadham; Bao, Y Paul; Müller, Uwe R

    2005-01-01

    Nucleic acid diagnostics is dominated by fluorescence-based assays that use complex and expensive enzyme-based target or signal-amplification procedures1–6. Many clinical diagnostic applications will require simpler, inexpensive assays that can be done in a screening mode. We have developed a ‘spot-and-read’ colorimetric detection method for identifying nucleic acid sequences based on the distance-dependent optical properties of gold nanoparticles. In this assay, nucleic acid targets are recognized by DNA-modified gold probes, which undergo a color change that is visually detectable when the solutions are spotted onto an illuminated glass waveguide. This scatter-based method enables detection of zeptomole quantities of nucleic acid targets without target or signal amplification when coupled to an improved hybridization method that facilitates probe-target binding in a homogeneous format. In comparison to a previously reported absorbance-based method7, this method increases detection sensitivity by over four orders of magnitude. We have applied this method to the rapid detection of mecA in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus genomic DNA samples. PMID:15170215

  3. Colorimetric-based detection of TNT explosives using functionalized silica nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Idros, Noorhayati; Ho, Man Yi; Pivnenko, Mike; Qasim, Malik M; Xu, Hua; Gu, Zhongze; Chu, Daping

    2015-01-01

    This proof-of-concept study proposes a novel sensing mechanism for selective and label-free detection of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT). It is realized by surface chemistry functionalization of silica nanoparticles (NPs) with 3-aminopropyl-triethoxysilane (APTES). The primary amine anchored to the surface of the silica nanoparticles (SiO2-NH2) acts as a capturing probe for TNT target binding to form Meisenheimer amine-TNT complexes. A colorimetric change of the self-assembled (SAM) NP samples from the initial green of a SiO2-NH2 nanoparticle film towards red was observed after successful attachment of TNT, which was confirmed as a result of the increased separation between the nanoparticles. The shift in the peak wavelength of the reflected light normal to the film surface and the associated change of the peak width were measured, and a merit function taking into account their combined effect was proposed for the detection of TNT concentrations from 10-12 to 10-4 molar. The selectivity of our sensing approach is confirmed by using TNT-bound nanoparticles incubated in AptamerX, with 2,4-dinitrotoluene (DNT) and toluene used as control and baseline, respectively. Our results show the repeatable systematic color change with the TNT concentration and the possibility to develop a robust, easy-to-use, and low-cost TNT detection method for performing a sensitive, reliable, and semi-quantitative detection in a wide detection range. PMID:26046595

  4. G-quadruplex based two-stage isothermal exponential amplification reaction for label-free DNA colorimetric detection.

    PubMed

    Nie, Ji; Zhang, De-Wen; Tie, Cai; Zhou, Ying-Lin; Zhang, Xin-Xiang

    2014-06-15

    A novel G-quadruplex based two-stage isothermal exponential amplification reaction (GQ-EXPAR) was developed for label-free DNA colorimetric detection in this work. The exponential amplified trigger DNA in the first stage can convert into G-quadruplex sequence EAD2 by a linear amplification circuit in the second stage. Created EAD2 can form G-quadruplex/hemin DNAzyme to act as a direct signal readout element. The GQ-EXPAR combines the exponential amplification of DNA sequence and the peroxidase-mimicking DNAzyme induced signal amplification, which achieves tandem dual-amplification. Taking advantages of isothermal incubation, this label-free homogeneous assay obviates the need of thermal cycling . As no complex synthesis or extra downstream operation is needed, the whole easy handling procedure can be finished in no more than 1h. This assay allows the sensing of the model DNA with the limit of detection to be 2.5pM. Moreover, it demonstrates good discrimination of mismatched sequences. The strategy has also been successfully implemented to sensitively detect Tay-Sachs genetic disorder mutant. PMID:24508547

  5. Fenton reaction-based colorimetric immunoassay for sensitive detection of brevetoxin B.

    PubMed

    Lai, Wenqiang; Wei, Qiaohua; Zhuang, Junyang; Lu, Minghua; Tang, Dianping

    2016-06-15

    We designed a new colorimetric immunoassay for sensitive monitoring of brevetoxin B (BTB) using enzyme-controlled Fenton reaction with a high-resolution 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB)-based visual colored system. Upon addition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the equivalent iron(II) could be first converted into iron(III) and free hydroxyl radical (•OH) via the classical Fenton reaction. Then the as-produced iron(III) and •OH could cause a perceptible change from colorless to blue with the increasing H2O2 concentration in the presence of TMB. Based on Fenton reaction-triggered visual colored system, a novel competitive-type colorimetric enzyme immunoassay was developed for the quantitative screening of target BTB on the bovine serum albumin-BTB-modified magnetic bead using glucose oxidase/anti-BTB antibody-labeled gold nanoparticle as the signal-transduction tag. Upon target BTB introduction, the analyte competed with the conjugated BTB on the magnetic bead for anti-BTB antibody on gold nanoparticle. The carried glucose oxidase with the gold nanoparticle could implement the oxidation of glucose to produce H2O2, and the generated H2O2 promoted the above-mentioned Fenton reaction for color development. Under the optimal conditions, the absorbance decreased with the increasing target BTB in the range from 0.1 to 150 ng kg(-1) with a low detection limit (LOD) of 0.076 ng kg(-1). The LOD was 500-fold lower than that of commercialized Abraxis BTB ELISA kit. Non-specific adsorption was not observed. The precision, reproducibility and specificity were acceptable. Finally, the method accuracy was also validated for monitoring spiked seafood samples, giving results well matched with the referenced brevetoxin ELISA kit. PMID:26851583

  6. Colorimetric Assay for the Detection of Typical Biomarkers for Periodontitis Using a Magnetic Nanoparticle Biosensor.

    PubMed

    Wignarajah, Shayalini; Suaifan, Ghadeer A R Y; Bizzarro, Sergio; Bikker, Floris J; Kaman, Wendy E; Zourob, Mohammed

    2015-12-15

    Periodontitis is a chronic disease which affects at least 10% of the population. If untreated, periodontitis can lead to teeth loss. Unfortunately, current diagnostic tests are limited in their sensitivity and specificity. In this study, a novel multiplex hand-held colorimetric diagnostic biosensor, using two typical inflammatory salivary biomarkers, Human Neutrophil Elastase (HNE) and Cathepsin-G, was constructed as proof of concept to potentially detect periodontitis. The biosensing method was based on the measurement of proteolytic activity using specific proteases probes. These probes consist of specific proteases substrates covalently bound to a magnetic bead from one end and to the gold sensor surface by the other end. When intact, this renders the golden sensor black. Upon proteolysis, the cleaved magnetic beads will be attracted by an external magnet revealing the golden color of the sensor surface observable by the naked eye. The biosensor was capable of specific and quantitative detection of HNE and Cathepsin-G in solution and in spiked saliva samples with a lower detection limit of 1 pg/mL and 100 fg/mL for HNE and Cathepsin-G, respectively. Examination of periodontitis patients' sample and a healthy control showed the potential of the multiplex biosensor to detect the presence of HNE and Cathepsin-G activity in situ. This approach is anticipated to be a useful biochip array amenable to low-cost point-of-care devices. PMID:26631371

  7. A novel colorimetric triple-helix molecular switch aptasensor for ultrasensitive detection of tetracycline.

    PubMed

    Ramezani, Mohammad; Mohammad Danesh, Noor; Lavaee, Parirokh; Abnous, Khalil; Mohammad Taghdisi, Seyed

    2015-08-15

    Detection methods of antibiotic residues in blood serum and animal derived foods are of great interest. In this study a colorimetric aptasensor was designed for sensitive, selective and fast detection of tetracycline based on triple-helix molecular switch (THMS) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). As a biosensor, THMS shows distinct advantages including high stability, sensitivity and preserving the selectivity and affinity of the original aptamer. In the absence of tetracycline, THMS is stable, leading to the aggregation of AuNPs by salt and an obvious color change from red to blue. In the presence of tetracycline, aptamer binds to its target, signal transduction probe (STP) leaves the THMS and adsorbs on the surface of AuNPs. So the well-dispersed AuNPs remain stable against salt-induced aggregation with a red color. The presented aptasensor showed high selectivity toward tetracyclines with a limit of detection as low as 266 pM for tetracycline. The designed aptasensor was successfully applied to detect tetracycline in serum and milk. PMID:25814407

  8. Gold nanoparticle-based colorimetric aptasensor for rapid detection of six organophosphorous pesticides.

    PubMed

    Bai, Wenhui; Zhu, Chao; Liu, Jinchuan; Yan, Mengmeng; Yang, Shuming; Chen, Ailiang

    2015-10-01

    Fast immunoassay-based screening methods are unavailable for most small-molecule pesticides because of a lack of immunogenicity and the difficulty in obtaining antibodies by animal immunization. Aptamers are single-stranded DNA molecules selected through an in vitro process, which can bind to any target including nonimmunogenic small molecules with high affinity and specificity. Although various aptamer-based sensing methods have been developed for antibiotics, microorganisms, heavy metal ions, and biotoxins, there are few reports on aptamer-based methods for quick detection of organophosphorous pesticides. The gold (Au) nanoparticle (AuNP) colorimetric assay is a widely utilized rapid detection method because of properties such as easy operation and visualized results. In the present study, organophosphorous pesticide aptamers were adsorbed on the surface of AuNPs to stabilize the AuNP solution against high concentrations of salt to prevent AuNP aggregation. After the addition of targets, the aptamers binding to the targets are detached from the AuNPs, resulting in aggregation of AuNPs and a color change from red to purple-blue. The proposed method can detect 6 organophosphorous pesticides with good recoveries from 72% to 135% in environmental river water samples. The present study provides a new way for simple, rapid, and multiplex detection of organophosphorous pesticides. PMID:26031388

  9. Ultrasensitive electrospun fluorescent nanofibrous membrane for rapid visual colorimetric detection of H2O2.

    PubMed

    Senthamizhan, Anitha; Balusamy, Brabu; Aytac, Zeynep; Uyar, Tamer

    2016-02-01

    We report herein a flexible fluorescent nanofibrous membrane (FNFM) prepared by decorating the gold nanocluster (AuNC) on electrospun polysulfone nanofibrous membrane for rapid visual colorimetric detection of H2O2. The provision of AuNC coupled to NFM has proven to be advantageous for facile and quick visualization of the obtained results, permitting instant, selective, and on-site detection. We strongly suggest that the fast response time is ascribed to the enhanced probabilities of interaction with AuNC located at the surface of NF. It has been observed that the color change from red to blue is dependent on the concentration, which is exclusively selective for hydrogen peroxide. The detection limit has been found to be 500 nM using confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM), visually recognizable with good accuracy and stability. A systematic comparison was performed between the sensing performance of FNFM and AuNC solution. The underlying sensing mechanism is demonstrated using UV spectra, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The corresponding disappearance of the characteristic emissions of gold nanoclusters and the emergence of a localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) band, stressing this unique characteristic of gold nanoparticles. Hence, it is evident that the conversion of nanoparticles from nanoclusters has taken place in the presence of H2O2. Our work here has paved a new path for the detection of bioanalytes, highlighting the merits of rapid readout, sensitivity, and user-friendliness. PMID:26637215

  10. Novel core etching technique of gold nanoparticles for colorimetric dopamine detection.

    PubMed

    Lee, Ho-Cheng; Chen, Tzu-Heng; Tseng, Wei-Lung; Lin, Che-Hsin

    2012-11-21

    This study develops a novel and high performance colorimetric probe for dopamine (DA) detection. Aqueous-phase gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) extracted with 4-(dimethylamino)pyridine (DMAP) from toluene solvent are used as the reaction probes. The original AuNPs of diameter around 13 nm separate into 2-5 nm sizes when dopamine (DA) is added, resulting in the color change of the AuNP solution from red to blackish green. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations and dynamic light scattering (DLS) tests show that the AuNPs break into their smaller sizes right after addition of DA. The results confirm that the DMAP capped AuNPs are etched by the DA molecules due to the strong affinity between DA and AuNPs, thus causing a blue shift in the absorption spectrum. The concentration of DA is quantitatively monitored by using a UV-Vis spectrometer with a limit of detection (LOD) as low as 5 nM. In addition, the results also show that the methods developed appear to have no significant problems in detecting DA in the sample even with the presence of (10 mM) common interferents such as ascorbic acid (AA), homovanillic acid (HVA), catechol (CA) and glutathione (GSH). The developed AuNP etching protocol for dopamine detection provides a novel and versatile approach for rapid biosensing applications. PMID:23016153

  11. Colorimetric Detection of Some Highly Hydrophobic Flavonoids Using Polydiacetylene Liposomes Containing Pentacosa-10,12-diynoyl Succinoglycan Monomers

    PubMed Central

    Yun, Deokgyu; Jeong, Daham; Cho, Eunae; Jung, Seunho

    2015-01-01

    Flavonoids are a group of plant secondary metabolites including polyphenolic molecules, and they are well known for antioxidant, anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory and anti-viral propertied. In general, flavonoids are detected with various non-colorimetric detection methods such as column liquid chromatography, thin-layer chromatography, and electrochemical analysis. For the first time, we developed a straightforward colorimetric detection system allowing recognition of some highly hydrophobic flavonoids such as alpha-naphthoflavone and beta-naphthoflavone, visually using 10,12-pentacosadiynoic acid (PCDA) derivatized with succinoglycan monomers isolated from Sinorhizobium meliloti. Besides changes in visible spectrum, we also demonstrate fluorescence changes using our detection system in the presence of those flavonoids. The succinoglycan monomers attached to PCDA molecules may function as an unstructured molecular capturer for some highly hydrophobic flavonoids by hydrophobic interactions, and transmit their molecular interactions as a color change throughout the PCDA liposome. PMID:26600071

  12. Colorimetric paper-based detection of Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp., and Listeria monocytogenes from large volumes of agricultural water.

    PubMed

    Bisha, Bledar; Adkins, Jaclyn A; Jokerst, Jana C; Chandler, Jeffrey C; Pérez-Méndez, Alma; Coleman, Shannon M; Sbodio, Adrian O; Suslow, Trevor V; Danyluk, Michelle D; Henry, Charles S; Goodridge, Lawrence D

    2014-01-01

    This protocol describes rapid colorimetric detection of Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp., and Listeria monocytogenes from large volumes (10 L) of agricultural waters. Here, water is filtered through sterile Modified Moore Swabs (MMS), which consist of a simple gauze filter enclosed in a plastic cartridge, to concentrate bacteria. Following filtration, non-selective or selective enrichments for the target bacteria are performed in the MMS. For colorimetric detection of the target bacteria, the enrichments are then assayed using paper-based analytical devices (µPADs) embedded with bacteria-indicative substrates. Each substrate reacts with target-indicative bacterial enzymes, generating colored products that can be detected visually (qualitative detection) on the µPAD. Alternatively, digital images of the reacted µPADs can be generated with common scanning or photographic devices and analyzed using ImageJ software, allowing for more objective and standardized interpretation of results. Although the biochemical screening procedures are designed to identify the aforementioned bacterial pathogens, in some cases enzymes produced by background microbiota or the degradation of the colorimetric substrates may produce a false positive. Therefore, confirmation using a more discriminatory diagnostic is needed. Nonetheless, this bacterial concentration and detection platform is inexpensive, sensitive (0.1 CFU/ml detection limit), easy to perform, and rapid (concentration, enrichment, and detection are performed within approximately 24 hr), justifying its use as an initial screening method for the microbiological quality of agricultural water. PMID:24962090

  13. Colorimetric Paper-based Detection of Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp., and Listeria monocytogenes from Large Volumes of Agricultural Water

    PubMed Central

    Bisha, Bledar; Adkins, Jaclyn A.; Jokerst, Jana C.; Chandler, Jeffrey C.; Pérez-Méndez, Alma; Coleman, Shannon M.; Sbodio, Adrian O.; Suslow, Trevor V.; Danyluk, Michelle D.; Henry, Charles S.; Goodridge, Lawrence D.

    2014-01-01

    This protocol describes rapid colorimetric detection of Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp., and Listeria monocytogenes from large volumes (10 L) of agricultural waters. Here, water is filtered through sterile Modified Moore Swabs (MMS), which consist of a simple gauze filter enclosed in a plastic cartridge, to concentrate bacteria. Following filtration, non-selective or selective enrichments for the target bacteria are performed in the MMS. For colorimetric detection of the target bacteria, the enrichments are then assayed using paper-based analytical devices (µPADs) embedded with bacteria-indicative substrates. Each substrate reacts with target-indicative bacterial enzymes, generating colored products that can be detected visually (qualitative detection) on the µPAD. Alternatively, digital images of the reacted µPADs can be generated with common scanning or photographic devices and analyzed using ImageJ software, allowing for more objective and standardized interpretation of results. Although the biochemical screening procedures are designed to identify the aforementioned bacterial pathogens, in some cases enzymes produced by background microbiota or the degradation of the colorimetric substrates may produce a false positive. Therefore, confirmation using a more discriminatory diagnostic is needed. Nonetheless, this bacterial concentration and detection platform is inexpensive, sensitive (0.1 CFU/ml detection limit), easy to perform, and rapid (concentration, enrichment, and detection are performed within approximately 24 hr), justifying its use as an initial screening method for the microbiological quality of agricultural water. PMID:24962090

  14. Field-deployable colorimetric biosensor system for the rapid detection of pathogenic organisms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duy, Janice

    The rapid identification of pathogenic organisms is necessary for recognizing and managing human and environmental health risks. Numerous detection schemes are available, but most are difficult to employ in non-laboratory settings due to their need for bulky, specialized equipment, multiple reagents, or highly trained personnel. To address this problem, a rapid, field-compatible biosensor system based on the colorimetric detection of nucleic acid hybrids was developed. Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probes were used to capture ribosomal RNA sequences from environmental samples. Non-target nucleic acids, including single-base mismatches flanked by adenines and uracils, were removed with a micrococcal nuclease digestion step. Matched PNA-RNA hybrids remained intact and were indicated by the cyanine dye DiSC2(5). PNA-containing duplexes function as templates for the aggregation of DiSC2(5), visualized as a change in solution color from blue to purple. This transition can be measured as an increase in the solution absorbance at 540 nm (dye aggregate) at the expense of the dye monomer peak at 650 nm. These concomitant spectral changes were used to calculate a "hybridization signal" using the ratio A aggregate/Amonomer ≈ A540/A650. Testing with pathogenic environmental samples was accomplished using two model organisms: the harmful algal bloom-causing dinoflagellate Alexandrium species, and the potato wart disease-causing fungus Synchytrium endobioticum. In both cases, the colorimetric approach was able to distinguish the targets with sensitivities rivaling those of established techniques, but with the advantages of decreased hands-on time and cost. Assay fieldability was tested with a portable colorimeter designed to quantify the dye-indicated hybridization signal and assembled from commercially available components. Side-by-side testing revealed no difference in the sensing performance of the colorimeter compared to a laboratory spectrophotometer (Pearson's r=0

  15. Colorimetric detection of gene transcript by target-induced three-way junction formation.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xuchu; Liu, Weiwei; Yin, Binbin; Yu, Pan; Duan, Xiuzhi; Liao, Zhaoping; Liu, Chunhua; Sang, Yiwen; Zhang, Gong; Chen, Yuhua; Tao, Zhihua

    2016-09-01

    Gene transcript often varies by alternative splicing, which plays different biological role that results in diversity of gene expression. Therefore, a simple and accurate identification of targeted transcript variant is of prime importance to achieve a precise molecular diagnosis. In this work, we presented a three-way junction based system where two split G-quadruplex forming sequences were coupled into two probes. Only upon the introduction of target gene transcript that offering a specific recognizable splicing site did the two probes assembled into three way junction conformation in a devised process, thus providing a functional G-quadruplex conformation that greatly enhanced hemin peroxidation. A notable resolution for gene splicing site detection was achieved. The detection limitation by colorimetric assay was 0.063μM, and this system has been proved to discriminate even in a single base false level around splicing site (about 3 times of single mismatched analyte to gain an equal signal by perfect analyte ). Furthermore, recoveries of 78.1%, 88.1%, 104.6% were obtained with 0.75μM, 0.25μM, 0.083μM of target, respectively, showing a capacity to further exploit a simple equipped device for gene transcript detection. PMID:27343570

  16. Carbon dots for naked eye colorimetric ultrasensitive arsenic and glutathione detection.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Abhishek; Verma, Navneet Chandra; Khan, Syamantak; Nandi, Chayan Kanti

    2016-07-15

    A novel one-step method for the synthesis of bright, multicolor fluorescent sulphur doped carbon dots (CNDs) has been developed by using simple microwave assisted pyrolysis of citric acid and sodium thiosulphate. The synthesized CNDs showed dual mode naked eye colorimetric ultrasensitive sensing capability both for arsenic [As (III)] and glutathione (GSH) with high selectivity. Using fluorometric assay, the detection limit (DL) for As (III) was found to be as low as 32pM. The selectivity data show that the newly developed CNDs is very specific for As (III) even with interference by high concentrations of other metal ions. The CNDs were also able to detect GSH very selectively over other biothiols like cysteine (Cys) and homo-cysteine (H-cys) with a DL of 43nM, even in blood plasma. The fast kinetic data suggests that the present CNDs assay could be used onsite As (III) detection. The CNDs, further, showed its potential application in high resolution bioimaging of bacterial nucleoid segregation. PMID:27015150

  17. [Comparative research into sensitivity and specificity of immune-enzyme analysis with chemiluminescence and colorimetric detection for detecting antigens and antibodies to avian influenza viruses and newcastle disease].

    PubMed

    Vitkova, O N; Kapustina, T P; Mikhailova, V V; Safonov, G A; Vlasova, N N; Belousova, R V

    2015-01-01

    The goal of this work was to demonstrate the results of the development of the enzyme-linked immunosorbent tests with chemiluminescence detection and colorimetric detection of specific viral antigens and antibodies for identifying the avian influenza and the Newcastle disease viruses: high sensitivity and specificity of the immuno- chemiluminescence assay, which are 10-50 times higher than those of the ELISA colorimetric method. The high effectiveness of the results and the automation of the process of laboratory testing (using a luminometer) allow these methods to be recommended for including in primary screening tests for these infectious diseases. PMID:27024917

  18. [Membrane transfer-based colorimetric DNA detection using enzyme modified gold nanoparticles].

    PubMed

    Li, Haiyan; Jing, Fengxiang; Gao, Qiuyue; Jia, Chunping; Chen, Jiwu; Jin, Qinghui; Zhao, Jianlong

    2010-08-01

    We report here a novel membrane transfer-based DNA detection method, in which alkaline phosphatase labeled gold nanoparticle (AuNP) probes were used as a means to amplify the detection signal. In this method, the capture probe P1, complimentary to the 3' end of target DNA, was immobilized on the chip. The multi-component AuNP probes were prepared by co-coating AuNPs with the detecting probe P2, complimentary to the 5' end of target DNA, and two biotin-labeled signal probes (T10 and T40) with different lengths. In the presence of target DNA, DNA hybridization led to the attachment of AuNPs on the chip surface where specific DNA sequences were located in a "sandwich" format. Alkaline phosphatase was then introduced to the surface via biotine-streptavidin interaction. By using BCIP/NBT alkaline phosphatase color development kit, a colorimetric DNA detection was achieved through membrane transfer. The signal on the membrane was then detected by the naked eye or an ordinary optical scanner. The method provided a detection of limit of 1 pmol/L for synthesized target DNA and 0.23 pmol/L for PCR products of Mycobacterium tuberculosis 16S rDNA when the ratio of probes used was 9:1:1 (T10:T40:P2). The method described here has many desirable advantages including high sensitivity, simple operation, and no need of sophisticated equipment. The method can be potentially used for reliable biosensings. PMID:21090120

  19. Highly sensitive colorimetric detection of 17β-estradiol using split DNA aptamers immobilized on unmodified gold nanoparticles

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Jinchuan; Bai, Wenhui; Niu, Shucao; Zhu, Chao; Yang, Shuming; Chen, Ailiang

    2014-01-01

    Gold nanoparticle (AuNP) based colorimetric aptasensor have been developed for many analytes recently largely because of the ease of detection, high sensitivity, and potential for high-throughput analysis. Most of the target aptamers for detection have short sequences. However, the approach shows poor performance in terms of detection sensitivity for most of the long-sequence aptamers. To address this problem, for the first time, we split the 76 mer aptamer of 17β-estradiol into two short pieces to improve the AuNP based colorimetric sensitivity. Our results showed that the split P1 + P2 still retained the original 76 mer aptamer's affinity and specificity but increased the detection limit by 10-fold, demonstrating that as low as 0.1 ng/mL 17β-estradiol could be detected. The increased sensitivity may be caused by lower aptamer adsorption concentration and a lower affinity to the AuNPs of a short single-strand DNA (ssDNA) sequence. Our study provided a new way to use long-sequence aptamers to develop a highly sensitive AuNP-based colorimetric aptasensor. PMID:25524368

  20. Colorimetric detection of DNA damage by using hemin-graphene nanocomposites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wei, W.; Zhang, D. M.; Yin, L. H.; Pu, Y. P.; Liu, S. Q.

    2013-04-01

    A colorimetric method for detection of DNA damage was developed by using hemin-graphene nanosheets (H-GNs). H-GNs were skillfully synthesized by adsorping of hemin on graphene through π-π interactions. The as-prepared H-GNs possessed both the ability of graphene to differentiate the damage DNA from intact DNA and the catalytic action of hemin. The damaged DNA made H-GNs coagulated to different degrees from the intact DNA because there were different amount of negative charge exposed on their surface, which made a great impact on the solubility of H-GNs. As a result, the corresponding centrifugal supernatant of H-GNs solution showed different color in the presence of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) and H2O2, which could be discriminated by naked eyes or by ultraviolet (UV)-visible spectrometer. Based on this, the damaged effects of styrene oxide (SO), NaAsO2 and UV radiation on DNA were studied. Results showed that SO exerted most serious damage effect on DNA although all of them damaged DNA seriously. The new method for detection of DNA damage showed good prospect in the evaluation of genotoxicity of new compounds, the maximum limit of pesticide residue, food additives, and so on, which is important in the fields of food science, pharmaceutical science and pesticide science.

  1. Low-ppm-Level colorimetric acid detection using gold nanoparticles with electro-steric stabilization.

    PubMed

    Bae, Doo Ri; Lee, You-Jin; Lee, Sung Woo; Han, Young-Kyu; Yoon, Jae-Sik; Lee, Ji-Hyun; Lee, Sang-Gil; Chang, Ki Soo; Yi, Gi-Ra; Lee, Gaehang

    2014-12-01

    Electro-sterically stabilized gold suspensions were employed in a colorimetric system for the detection of strong acid in water. Using oleyamine and oleic acid as steric stabilizer in 1,2-dichlorobenzene, hydrophobic gold nanoparticles were first synthesized by a reduction reaction of gold salts and were then transferred into water with a cationic surfactant. When the hydrochlo- ric acid solution higher than critical concentration was injected, particles were quickly aggregated and precipitated, creating a clear solution from the colored suspension. The particles were stable against chemical etching by corrosive ion such as chloride. Critical concentration was dependent of the size and concentration of the particles. The minimum concentration of dramatic color change was at 5 ppm level of hydrochloric acid, in which the largest colloidal gold nanoparticles (54 nm) were used. Furthermore, because of their steric repulsive soft layer on particles, particles could be reused for further detection experiments after regeneration by the simple pH-neutralization and washing process. PMID:25971086

  2. Colorimetric detection of pathogenic bacteria using platinum-coated magnetic nanoparticle clusters and magnetophoretic chromatography.

    PubMed

    Kwon, Donghoon; Lee, Sanghee; Ahn, Myung Mo; Kang, In Seok; Park, Ki-Hwan; Jeon, Sangmin

    2015-07-01

    A colorimetric method that uses platinum-coated magnetic nanoparticle clusters (Pt/MNCs) and magnetophoretic chromatography is developed to detect pathogenic bacteria. Half-fragments of monoclonal Escherichia coli O157:H7 (EC) antibodies were functionalized to Pt/MNCs and used to capture E. coli bacteria in milk. After magnetic separation of free Pt/MNCs and Pt/MNC-EC complexes from the milk, a precision pipette was used to imbibe the E. coli-containing solution, then a viscous polyethylene glycol solution. Due to difference in viscosities, the solutions separate into two liquid layers inside the pipette tip. The Pt/MNC-EC complexes were separated from the free Pt/MNCs by applying an external magnetic field, then added to a tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) solution. Catalytic oxidation of TMB by Pt produced color changes of the solution, which enabled identification of the presence of 10 cfu mL(-1) E. coli bacteria with the naked eye. The total assay time including separation, binding and detection was 30 min. PMID:26088777

  3. Colorimetric Aptasensor Based on Enzyme for the Detection of Vibrio parahemolyticus.

    PubMed

    Wu, Shijia; Wang, Yinqiu; Duan, Nuo; Ma, Haile; Wang, Zhouping

    2015-09-01

    A simple colorimetric aptasensor system has been developed to detect Vibrio parahemolyticus. Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are synthesized and conjugated with specific aptamers against target and used as capture probes. In addition, this method employs gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as carriers of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and aptamers, which served as signal probes. In the presence of target, a "sandwich-type" complex of AuNPs-HRP-aptamer-target-aptamer-MNPs is formed through specific recognition of aptamers and corresponding target. As a result, HRP molecules confined at the surface of the "sandwich" complexes catalyze the enzyme substrate, 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) and H2O2 and generate an optical signal. Under optimal conditions, the signals are linearly dependent on V. parahemolyticus concentrations from 10 to 10(6) colony-forming units (cfu)/mL in a logarithmic plot, with a limit of detection of 10 cfu/mL. Owing to AuNPs, a large amount of HRP could be loaded, resulting in an amplified signal, and the sensitivity would be improved. This strategy has the potential of being extended to the construction of simple monitor systems for a variety of biomolecules related to food safety. PMID:26302256

  4. Recyclable Colorimetric Detection of Trivalent Cations in Aqueous Media Using Zwitterionic Gold Nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Wenshu; Li, Huan; Chen, Wenwen; Ji, Jian; Jiang, Xingyu

    2016-04-01

    This report describes a colorimetric assay for trivalent metal cations (M(3+)) using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs)-modified with oppositely charged thiols that can form intermolecular zwitterionic surfaces. Zwitterionic AuNPs (Zw-AuNPs) are stable in high-salt solutions and well-dispersed in a wide range of pH values. M(3+) including Fe(3+), Al(3+), and Cr(3+) can effectively trigger the aggregation of Zw-AuNPs by interfering with their surface potential, and aggregated AuNPs can be regenerated and recycled by removing M(3+). In our approach, the output signal can be observed by the naked eye within a micromolar (μM) concentration range. Uniquely, our assay is capable of discriminating Fe(3+) from Fe(2+), which is challenging using traditional approaches. More importantly, Zw-AuNPs can be stored stably at room temperature for a long period (3 months) with constant detection performance. Both the cost-effectiveness and the long shelf life make Zw-AuNPs ideal for detecting M(3+) in resource-poor and remote areas. PMID:26958996

  5. Colorimetric sensor array for detection and identification of organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides.

    PubMed

    Qian, Sihua; Lin, Hengwei

    2015-01-01

    Due to relatively low persistence and high effectiveness for insect and pest eradication, organophosphates (OPs) and carbamates are the two major classes of pesticides that broadly used in agriculture. Hence, the sensitive and selective detection of OPs and carbamates is highly significant. In this current study, a colorimetric sensor array comprising five inexpensive and commercially available thiocholine and H2O2 sensitive indicators for the simultaneous detection and identification of OPs and carbamates is developed. The sensing mechanism of this array is based on the irreversible inhibition capability of OPs and carbamates to the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), preventing production of thiocholine and H2O2 from S-acetylthiocholine and acetylcholine and thus resulting in decreased or no color reactions to thiocholine and H2O2 sensitive indicators. Through recognition patterns and standard statistical methods (i.e., hierarchical clustering analysis and principal component analysis), the as-developed array demonstrates not only discrimination of OPs and carbamates from other kinds of pesticides but, more interestingly, identification of them exactly from each other. Moreover, this array is experimentally confirmed to have high selectivity and sensitivity, good anti-interference capability, and potential applications in real samples for OPs and carbamates. PMID:25913282

  6. Screening and development of DNA aptamers as capture probes for colorimetric detection of patulin.

    PubMed

    Wu, Shijia; Duan, Nuo; Zhang, Weixiao; Zhao, Sen; Wang, Zhouping

    2016-09-01

    Patulin (PAT) is a kind of mycotoxin that has serious harmful impacts on both food quality and human health. A high-affinity ssDNA aptamer that specifically binds to patulin was generated using systemic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) assisted by graphene oxide (GO). After 15 rounds of positive and negative selection, a highly enriched ssDNA pool was sequenced and the representative sequences were subjected to binding assays to evaluate their affinity and specificity. Of the eight aptamer candidates tested, the sequence PAT-11 bound to patulin with high affinity and excellent selectivity with a dissociation constant (Kd) of 21.83 ± 5.022 nM. The selected aptamer, PAT-11, was subsequently used as a recognition element to develop a detection method for patulin based on an enzyme-chromogenic substrate system. The colorimetric aptasensor exhibited a linear range from 50 to 2500 pg mL(-1), and the limit of detection was found to be 48 pg mL(-1). The results indicated that GO-SELEX technology was appropriate for the screening of aptamers against small-molecule toxins, offering a promising application for aptamer-based biosensors. PMID:27318239

  7. Colorimetric detection of ractopamine and salbutamol using gold nanoparticles functionalized with melamine as a probe.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Ying; Wang, Peilong; Su, Xiaoou; Zhao, Hong; He, Yujian

    2013-08-15

    A highly selective and sensitive method is developed for colorimetric detection of ractopamine and salbutamol using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) functionalized with melamine (MA), respectively. The presence of these β-agonists induces the aggregation of gold nanoparticles through hydrogen-bonding interaction that was accompanied by a distinct change in color and optical properties, which could be monitored by a UV-vis spectrophotometer or even naked eyes. This process caused a significant decrease in the absorbance ratio (A670 nm/A520 nm) of melamine-gold nanoparticles (MA-AuNPs), and the color changed from wine red to blue. The systems exhibited a wide liner range, from 1×10(-10)M to 5×10(-7)mol/L with a correlation coefficient of 0.995 for ractopamine, and 1×10(-10)M to 1×10(-5)mol/L with a correlation coefficient of 0.996 for salbutamol, with measuring the absorbance ratio (A670 nm/A520 nm). The detection limit of these β-agonists is as low as 1×10(-11)mol/L. Particularly, the developed method has been applied to the analysis of real swine feed samples and has achieved satisfactory results. PMID:23708531

  8. Colorimetric detection of Hg2+ ions in aqueous media using CA-Au NPs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Zening; Hu, Jiao; Tong, Sijia; Cao, Qihua; Yuan, Hong

    2012-11-01

    Based on the selective interaction between Hg2+ ions and cyanuric acid (CA) and the anti-aggregation of CA stabilized gold nanoparticles (CA-Au NPs), a simple colorimetric method was developed for detecting Hg2+ ions. In a medium of pH 7.4 tris-HCl buffer containing 8 × 10-3 M NaCl, the CA-Au NPs solution was red, which was due to CA adsorbed onto the surface of Au NPs, stabilizing Au NPs against aggregation. When CA-HgII-CA complex was formed in the presence of Hg2+, the stability of CA-Au NPs reduced, and then aggregation of Au NPs occurred. Consequently, the color of the solution changed from red to blue and could easily be measured with a common spectrophotometer. The aggregation of Au NPs was also validated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The controlled experiment showed that other ions including Ba2+, Ca2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, Co2+, Mn2+, Cu2+, Mg2+, and Ni2+ ions did not induce any distinct spectral changes, which constituted a Hg2+-selective sensor. A dynamic range of 1.6-16 × 10-6 M Hg2+ ions was observed at the optimized reaction condition. This method provides a potentially useful tool for Hg2+ detection.

  9. Colorimetric-Based Detection of TNT Explosives Using Functionalized Silica Nanoparticles

    PubMed Central

    Idros, Noorhayati; Ho, Man Yi; Pivnenko, Mike; Qasim, Malik M.; Xu, Hua; Gu, Zhongze; Chu, Daping

    2015-01-01

    This proof-of-concept study proposes a novel sensing mechanism for selective and label-free detection of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT). It is realized by surface chemistry functionalization of silica nanoparticles (NPs) with 3-aminopropyl-triethoxysilane (APTES). The primary amine anchored to the surface of the silica nanoparticles (SiO2-NH2) acts as a capturing probe for TNT target binding to form Meisenheimer amine–TNT complexes. A colorimetric change of the self-assembled (SAM) NP samples from the initial green of a SiO2-NH2 nanoparticle film towards red was observed after successful attachment of TNT, which was confirmed as a result of the increased separation between the nanoparticles. The shift in the peak wavelength of the reflected light normal to the film surface (λpeak) and the associated change of the peak width were measured, and a merit function taking into account their combined effect was proposed for the detection of TNT concentrations from 10−12 to 10−4 molar. The selectivity of our sensing approach is confirmed by using TNT-bound nanoparticles incubated in AptamerX, with 2,4-dinitrotoluene (DNT) and toluene used as control and baseline, respectively. Our results show the repeatable systematic color change with the TNT concentration and the possibility to develop a robust, easy-to-use, and low-cost TNT detection method for performing a sensitive, reliable, and semi-quantitative detection in a wide detection range. PMID:26046595

  10. A novel colorimetric sandwich aptasensor based on an indirect competitive enzyme-free method for ultrasensitive detection of chloramphenicol.

    PubMed

    Abnous, Khalil; Danesh, Noor Mohammad; Ramezani, Mohammad; Emrani, Ahmad Sarreshtehdar; Taghdisi, Seyed Mohammad

    2016-04-15

    Analytical methods for detection and quantitation of chloramphenicol in blood serum and foodstuffs arse highly in demand. In this study, a colorimetric sandwich aptamer-based sensor (aptasensor) was fabricated for sensitive and selective detection of chloramphenicol, based on an indirect competitive enzyme-free assay using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), biotin and streptavidin. The designed aptasensor acquires characteristics of AuNPs, including large surface area and unique optical properties, and strong interaction of biotin with streptavidin. In the absence of chloramphenicol, the sandwich structure of aptasensor forms, leading to the observation of sharp red color. In the presence of target, functionalized AuNPs could not bind to 96-well plates, resulting in a faint red color. The fabricated colorimetric aptasensor exhibited high selectivity toward chloramphenicol with a limit of detection as low as 451 pM. Moreover, the developed colorimetric aptasensor was successfully used to detect chloramphenicol in milk and serum with LODs of 697 and 601 pM, respectively. PMID:26599477

  11. A portable lab-on-a-chip system for gold-nanoparticle-based colorimetric detection of metal ions in water.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Chen; Zhong, Guowei; Kim, Da-Eun; Liu, Jinxia; Liu, Xinyu

    2014-09-01

    Heavy metal ions released into various water systems have a severe impact on the environment and human beings, and excess exposure to toxic metal ions through drinking water poses high risks to human health and causes life-threatening diseases. Thus, there is high demand for the development of a rapid, low-cost, and sensitive method for detection of metal ions in water. We present a portable analytical system for colorimetric detection of lead (Pb(2+)) and aluminum (Al(3+)) ions in water based on gold nanoparticle probes and lab-on-a-chip instrumentation. The colorimetric detection of metal ions is conducted via single-step assays with low limits of detection (LODs) and high selectivity. We design a custom-made microwell plate and a handheld colorimetric reader for implementing the assays and quantifying the signal readout. The calibration experiments demonstrate that this portable system provides LODs of 30 ppb for Pb(2+) and 89 ppb for Al(3+), both comparable to bench-top analytical spectrometers. It promises an effective platform for metal ion analysis in a more economical and convenient way, which is particularly useful for water quality monitoring in field and resource-poor settings. PMID:25332734

  12. Colorimetric detection of influenza A virus using antibody-functionalized gold nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yuanjian; Zhang, Linqun; Wei, Wei; Zhao, Hongyu; Zhou, Zhenxian; Zhang, Yuanjian; Liu, Songqin

    2015-06-21

    Early and accurate diagnosis is considered the key issue to prevent the further spread of viruses and facilitate influenza therapy. Herein, we report a colorimetric immunosensor for influenza A virus (IAV) based on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) modified with monoclonal anti-hemagglutinin antibody (mAb). The immunosensor allows for a fast, simple, and selective detection of IAV. In this assay, influenza-specific antibodies are conjugated to AuNPs to create mAb-AuNP probes. Since IAV has multiple recognition sites for probes on the surface, the mAb-AuNP probes can be specifically arranged on the virus surface due to their very specific antigen recognition. In this case, this aggregation of the mAb-AuNP probes produces a red shift in the absorption spectrum due to plasmon coupling between adjacent AuNPs, and it can be detected with the naked eye as a color change from red to purple and quantified with the absorption spectral measurements. The aggregate formation is also confirmed with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) imaging and dynamic light scattering (DLS). Under the optimal conditions, the present immunoassay can sensitively measure H3N2 IAV (A/Brisbane/10/2007) with a detection limit of 7.8 hemagglutination units (HAU). This proposed immunosensor revealed high specificity, accuracy, and good stability. Notably, it is a single-step detection using AuNP probes and UV-vis spectrophotometer for readout, and no additional amplification, e.g., enzymatic, is needed to read the result. This assay depends on an ordered AuNP structure covering the virus surface and can be applied to any virus pathogen by incorporating the appropriate pathogen-specific antibody. PMID:25899840

  13. Visual and colorimetric detection of Hg(2+) by cloud point extraction with functionalized gold nanoparticles as a probe.

    PubMed

    Tan, Zhi-qiang; Liu, Jing-fu; Liu, Rui; Yin, Yong-guang; Jiang, Gui-bin

    2009-12-01

    Association with Hg(2+) enhances the hydrophobicity and triggers the cloud point extraction of approximately 4 nm-diameter gold nanoparticle probes functionalized with mercaptopropionic acid and homocystine, which results in the color change of the TX-114-rich phase from colorless to red, and therefore provides a novel approach for visual and colorimetric detection of Hg(2+) with ultrahigh sensitivity and selectivity. PMID:19904384

  14. A label-free colorimetric sensor for Pb2+ detection based on the acceleration of gold leaching by graphene oxide.

    PubMed

    Shi, Xinhao; Gu, Wei; Zhang, Cuiling; Zhao, Longyun; Peng, Weidong; Xian, Yuezhong

    2015-03-14

    In this work, we developed a novel, label-free, colorimetric sensor for Pb(2+) detection based on the acceleration of gold leaching by graphene oxide (GO) at room temperature. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) can be dissolved in a thiosulfate (S2O3(2-)) aqueous environment in the presence of oxygen; however, the leaching rate is very slow due to the high activation energy (27.99 kJ mol(-1)). In order to enhance the reaction rate, some accelerators should be added. In comparison with the traditional accelerators (metal ions or middle ligands), we found that GO could efficiently accelerate the gold leaching reaction. Kinetic data demonstrate that the dissolution rate of gold in the Pb(2+)-S2O3(2-)-GO system is 5 times faster than that without GO at room temperature. In addition, the effects of surface modification and the nanoparticle size on the etching of AuNPs were investigated. Based on the GO-accelerated concentration-dependent colour changes of AuNPs, a colorimetric sensor for Pb(2+) detection was developed with a linear range from 0.1 to 20 μM and the limit of detection (LOD) was evaluated to be 0.05 μM. This colorimetric assay is simple, low-cost, label-free, and has numerous potential applications in the field of environmental chemistry. PMID:25656247

  15. Gold nanoparticles mediated colorimetric assay for HIV-Tat protein detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hashwan, Saeed S. Ba; Ruslinda, A. Rahim; Fatin, M. F.; Gopinath, Subash C. B.; Thivina, V.; Tony, V. C. S.; Arshad, M. K. Md.; Hashim, U.

    2016-07-01

    Gold-nanoparticle (AuNP) based colorimetric assays have been formulated for different biomolecular interactions. With this assay the probe such as antibody immobilized on the Au surface and in the presence of appropriate binding partner (antigen), will interact with each other on the Au surface. By following this strategy, herein we formulated a detection system with two anti-HIV-Tat antibodies, Mono (McAb) - and polyclonal (PcAb) by immobilizing them independently with different AuNPs. Under this condition, these two antibodies are under dispersed condition, and in the presence of HIV-Tat antigen, these molecules will be connected and forms the aggregation of AuNPs. This strategy yield rapid results, can be monitored by the spectral changes in UV-Vis spectrophotometry. Experiments were performed with two different methods using two anti-HIV-Tats monoclonal and one Polyclonal antibody against the antigen HIV-Tat. Between these methods conjugation of HIV-Tat and McAb on the AuNP followed by addition of PcAb yielded better results.

  16. Colorimetric DNA detection of transgenic plants using gold nanoparticles functionalized with L-shaped DNA probes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nourisaeid, Elham; Mousavi, Amir; Arpanaei, Ayyoob

    2016-01-01

    In this study, a DNA colorimetric detection system based on gold nanoparticles functionalized with L-shaped DNA probes was prepared and evaluated. We investigated the hybridization efficiency of the L-shaped probes and studied the effect of nanoparticle size and the L-shaped DNA probe length on the performance of the as-prepared system. Probes were attached to the surface of gold nanoparticles using an adenine sequence. An optimal sequence of 35S rRNA gene promoter from the cauliflower mosaic virus, which is frequently used in the development of transgenic plants, and the two complementary ends of this gene were employed as model target strands and probe molecules, respectively. The spectrophotometric properties of the as-prepared systems indicated that the large NPs show better changes in the absorption spectrum and consequently present a better performance. The results of this study revealed that the probe/Au-NPs prepared using a vertical spacer containing 5 thymine oligonucleotides exhibited a stronger spectrophotometric response in comparison to that of larger probes. These results in general indicate the suitable performance of the L-shaped DNA probe-functionalized Au-NPs, and in particular emphasize the important role of the gold nanoparticle size and length of the DNA probes in enhancing the performance of such a system.

  17. Colorimetric Sensor for Label Free Detection of Porcine PCR Product (ID: 18)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ali, M. E.; Hashim, U.; Bari, M. F.; Dhahi, Th. S.

    2011-05-01

    This report described the use of 40±5 nm in diameter citrate-coated gold nanoparticles (GNPs) as colorimetric sensor to visually detect the presence of a 17-base swine specific conserved sequence and nucleotide mismatch in the mixed PCR products of pig, deer and shad cytochrome b genes. The size of these PCR amplicons was 109 base-pair and was amplified with a pair of common primers. Colloidal GNPs changed color from pinkish- red to purple-gray in 2 mM PBS buffer by losing its characteristic surface plasmon resonance peak at 530 nm and gaining new features between 620 and 800 nm in the absorption spectrum indicating strong aggregation. The particles were stabilized against salt induced aggregation, retained spectral features and characteristic color upon adsorption of single-stranded DNA. The PCR products without any additional processing were hybridized with a 17-nucleotide swine probe prior to exposure to GNPs. At a critical annealing temperature (55° C) that differentiated between the match and mismatch pairing, the probe was hybridized with the pig PCR product and dehybridized from the deer's and shad's. The interaction of dehybridized probe to GNPs prevented them from salt-induced aggregation, retaining their characteristic red color. The assay did not need any surface modification chemistry or labeling steps. The results were determined visually and validated by absorption spectroscopy. The entire assay (hybridization plus visual detection) was performed in less than 10 min. The assay obviated the need of complex RFLP, sequencing or blotting to differentiate the same size PCR products. We find the application of the assay for species assignment in food analysis, mismatch detection in genetic screening and homology study among closely related species.

  18. Intelligent DNA machine for the ultrasensitive colorimetric detection of nucleic acids.

    PubMed

    Xu, Jianguo; Qian, Jun; Li, Hongling; Wu, Zai-Sheng; Shen, Weiyu; Jia, Lee

    2016-01-15

    As DNA is employed to serve as a smart building block, an increasing interest has been devoted to the development of different DNA-based machines for the specific purpose, for example, the exploration of inter- or intramolecular interaction. In the current contribution, we developed an intelligent DNA machine and its operation can be designed to execute the ultrasensitive colorimetric detection of target nucleic acids. The DNA machine consists of a hairpin probe (HP) and an assistant template (AT). Using p53 gene as the target model to trigger the molecular machine operation, cyclic nucleic acid strand displacement polymerization (CNDP) was specifically induced, leading to the DNAzyme mediated catalytic reaction for signal readout. Specifically, with the help of polymerase and nickase, one target molecule was able to drive DNA nano-mechanical devices one-by-one through the hybridization/polymerization displacement cycles, and every initiated machine continued to operate, causing the dramatic accumulation of G-quadruplex-contained products. The G-quadruplex structure after binding to hemin could act as a horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-mimicking DNAzyme and catalyzed the oxidation of 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) by H2O2. As a result, an enhanced color change could be detected because of the generation of oxidation product ABTS•(+). In this way, the DNA machine has no any signal loss and enables the quantitative measurement of p53 DNA with a detection limit of 10fM, indicating great promise for unique application in biomedical research and early clinical diagnosis. PMID:26291961

  19. Dual-channel detection of Cu2+ and F- with a simple Schiff-based colorimetric and fluorescent sensor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Na, Yu Jeong; Choi, Ye Won; Yun, Jin Yeong; Park, Kyung-Min; Chang, Pahn-Shick; Kim, Cheal

    2015-02-01

    A simple and easily synthesized colorimetric and fluorescent receptor 1, based on 4-diethylaminosalicylaldehyde moieties as a binding and signaling unit, has been synthesized and characterized. The receptor 1 has a selective colorimetric sensing ability for copper (II) ion by changing color from colorless to yellow in aqueous solution, and could be utilized to monitor Cu(II) over a wide pH range of 4-11. In addition, the detection limit (12 μM) of 1 for Cu2+ is much lower than that (30 μM) recommended by WHO in drinking water, and its copper complex could be reversible simply through treatment with a proper reagent such as EDTA. Moreover, receptor 1 exhibited both a color change from colorless to yellow and fluorescence enhancement with a red shift upon addition to F- in DMSO. The recognition mechanism was attributed to the intermolecular proton transfer between the hydroxyl group of the receptor and the fluoride.

  20. Simple, field portable colorimetric detection device for organic peroxides and hydrogen peroxide

    DOEpatents

    Pagoria, Philip F.; Mitchell, Alexander R.; Whipple, Richard E.; Carman, M. Leslie; Reynolds, John G.; Nunes, Peter; Shields, Sharon J.

    2010-11-09

    A simple and effective system for the colorimetric determination of organic peroxides and hydrogen peroxide. A peroxide pen utilizing a swipe material attached to a polyethylene tube contains two crushable vials. The two crushable vials contain a colorimetric reagent separated into dry ingredients and liquid ingredients. After swiping a suspected substance or surface the vials are broken, the reagent is mixed thoroughly and the reagent is allowed to wick into the swipe material. The presence of organic peroxides or hydrogen peroxide is confirmed by a deep blue color.

  1. Synthetic multivalent DNAzymes for enhanced hydrogen peroxide catalysis and sensitive colorimetric glucose detection.

    PubMed

    Yang, Deng-Kai; Kuo, Chia-Jung; Chen, Lin-Chi

    2015-01-26

    A peroxidase-mimic DNAzyme is a G-quadruplex (G4) DNA-hemin complex, in which the G4-DNA resembles an apoenzyme, and hemin is the cofactor for hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) catalysis. Twenty-one-mer CatG4 is a well-proven G4-DNA as well as a hemin-binding aptamer for constituting a DNAzyme. This work studied if a multivalent DNAzyme with accelerated catalysis could be constructed using a multimeric CatG4 with hemin. We compared CatG4 monomer, dimer, trimer, and tetramer, which were prepared by custom oligo synthesis, for G4 structure formation. According to circular dichroism (CD) analysis, we found that a CatG4 multimer exhibited more active G4 conformation than the sum effect of equal-number CatG4 monomers. However, the DNAzyme kinetics was not improved monotonically along with the subunit number of a multimeric CatG4. It was the trivalent DNAzyme, trimeric CatG4:hemin, resulting in the rapidest H2O2 catalysis instead of a tetravalent one. We discovered that the trivalent DNAzyme's highest catalytic rate was correlated to its most stable hemin-binding G4 structure, evidenced by CD melting temperature analysis. Finally, a trivalent DNAzyme-based colorimetric glucose assay with a detection limit as low as 10 μM was demonstrated, and this assay did not need adenosine 5'-tri-phosphate disodium salt hydrate (ATP) as a DNAzyme boosting agent. PMID:25542363

  2. An engineered nano-plasmonic biosensing surface for colorimetric and SERS detection of DNA-hybridization events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heydari, Esmaeil; Thompson, David; Graham, Duncan; Cooper, Jonathan M.; Clark, Alasdair W.

    2015-03-01

    We report a versatile nanophotonic biosensing platform that enables both colorimetric detection and enhanced Raman spectroscopy detection of molecular binding events. Through the integration of electron-beam lithography, dip-pennanolithography and molecular self-assembly, we demonstrate plasmonic nanostructures which change geometry and plasmonic properties in response to molecularly-mediated nanoparticle binding events. These biologically-active nanostructured surfaces hold considerable potential for use as multiplexed sensor platforms for point-of-care diagnostics, and as scaffolds for a new generation of molecularly dynamic metamaterials.

  3. Luminol functionalized gold nanoparticles as colorimetric and chemiluminescent probes for visual, label free, highly sensitive and selective detection of minocycline

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Yi; Peng, Rufang

    2014-11-01

    In this work, luminol functionalized gold nanoparticles (LuAuNPs) were used as colorimetric and chemiluminescent probes for visual, label free, sensitive and selective detection of minocycline (MC). The LuAuNPs were prepared by simple one-pot reduction of HAuCl4 with luminol, which exhibited a good chemiluminescence (CL) activity owing to the presence of luminol molecules on their surface and surface plasmon resonance absorption. In the absence of MC, the color of LuAuNPs was wine red and their size was relatively small (˜25 nm), which could react with silver nitrate, producing a strong CL emission. Upon the addition of MC at acidic buffer solutions, the electrostatic interaction between positively charged MC and negatively charged LuAuNPs caused the aggregation of LuAuNPs, generating a purple or blue color. Simultaneously, the aggregated LuAuNPs did not effectively react with silver nitrate, producing a weak CL emission. The signal change was linearly dependent on the logarithm of MC concentration in the range from 30 ng to 1.0 μg for colorimetric detection and from 10 ng to 1.0 μg for CL detection. With colorimetry, a detection limit of 22 ng was achieved, while the detection limit for CL detection modality was 9.7 ng.

  4. Colorimetric Detection of Small Molecules in Complex Matrixes via Target-Mediated Growth of Aptamer-Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Soh, Jun Hui; Lin, Yiyang; Rana, Subinoy; Ying, Jackie Y; Stevens, Molly M

    2015-08-01

    A versatile and sensitive colorimetric assay that allows the rapid detection of small-molecule targets using the naked eye is demonstrated. The working principle of the assay integrates aptamer-target recognition and the aptamer-controlled growth of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs). Aptamer-target interactions modulate the amount of aptamer strands adsorbed on the surface of aptamer-functionalized Au NPs via desorption of the aptamer strands when target molecules bind with the aptamer. Depending on the resulting aptamer coverage, Au NPs grow into morphologically varied nanostructures, which give rise to different colored solutions. Au NPs with low aptamer coverage grow into spherical NPs, which produce red-colored solutions, whereas Au NPs with high aptamer coverage grow into branched NPs, which produce blue-colored solutions. We achieved visible colorimetric response and nanomolar detection limits for the detection of ochratoxin A (1 nM) in red wine samples, as well as cocaine (1 nM) and 17β-estradiol (0.2 nM) in spiked synthetic urine and saliva, respectively. The detection limits were well within clinically and physiologically relevant ranges, and below the maximum food safety limits. The assay is highly sensitive, specific, and able to detect an array of analytes rapidly without requiring sophisticated equipment, making it relevant for many applications, such as high-throughput drug and clinical screening, food sampling, and diagnostics. Furthermore, the assay is easily adapted as a chip-based platform for rapid and portable target detection. PMID:26197040

  5. Potassium sorbate residue levels and persistence in citrus fruit as detected by a simple colorimetric method

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Postharvest applications of potassium sorbate (PS) to fresh citrus fruit control fungal decay pathogens, such as Penicillium digitatum, cause of green mold. Although PS effectiveness has been examined repeatedly, little is known about PS residues. A colorimetric method that employed extraction of th...

  6. Visual detection of cancer cells by colorimetric aptasensor based on aggregation of gold nanoparticles induced by DNA hybridization.

    PubMed

    Borghei, Yasaman-Sadat; Hosseini, Morteza; Dadmehr, Mehdi; Hosseinkhani, Saman; Ganjali, Mohammad Reza; Sheikhnejad, Reza

    2016-01-21

    A simple but highly sensitive colorimetric method was developed to detect cancer cells based on aptamer-cell interaction. Cancer cells were able to capture nucleolin aptamers (AS 1411) through affinity interaction between AS 1411 and nucleolin receptors that are over expressed in cancer cells, The specific binding of AS 1411 to the target cells triggered the removal of aptamers from the solution. Therefore no aptamer remained in the solution to hybridize with complementary ssDNA-AuNP probes as a result the solution color is red. In the absence of target cells or the presence of normal cells, ssDNA-AuNP probes and aptamers were coexisted in solution and the aptamers assembled DNA-AuNPs, produced a purple solution. UV-vis spectrometry demonstrated that this hybridization-based method exhibited selective colorimetric responses to the presence or absence of target cells, which is detectable with naked eye. The linear response for MCF-7 cells in a concentration range from 10 to 10(5) cells was obtained with a detection limit of 10 cells. The proposed method could be extended to detect other cells and showed potential applications in cancer cell detection and early cancer diagnosis. PMID:26724767

  7. A colorimetric detection of acrylamide in potato chips based on nucleophile-initiated thiol-ene Michael addition.

    PubMed

    Hu, Qinqin; Fu, Yingchun; Xu, Xiahong; Qiao, Zhaohui; Wang, Ronghui; Zhang, Ying; Li, Yanbin

    2016-02-01

    Acrylamide (AA), a neurotoxin and a potential carcinogen, has been found in various thermally processed foods such as potato chips, biscuits, and coffee. Simple, cost-effective, and sensitive methods for the rapid detection of AA are needed to ensure food safety. Herein, a novel colorimetric method was proposed for the visual detection of AA based on a nucleophile-initiated thiol-ene Michael addition reaction. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were aggregated by glutathione (GSH) because of a ligand-replacement, accompanied by a color change from red to purple. In the presence of AA, after the thiol-ene Michael addition reaction between GSH and AA with the catalysis of a nucleophile, the sulfhydryl group of GSH was consumed by AA, which hindered the subsequent ligand-replacement and the aggregation of AuNPs. Therefore, the concentration of AA could be determined by the visible color change caused by dispersion/aggregation of AuNPs. This new method showed high sensitivity with a linear range from 0.1 μmol L(-1) to 80 μmol L(-1) and a detection limit of 28.6 nmol L(-1), and especially revealed better selectivity than the fluorescence sensing method reported previously. Moreover, this new method was used to detect AA in potato chips with a satisfactory result in comparison with the standard methods based on chromatography, which indicated that the colorimetric method can be expanded for the rapid detection of AA in thermally processed foods. PMID:26699696

  8. Optimizing Colorimetric Assay Based on V₂O₅ Nanozymes for Sensitive Detection of H₂O₂ and Glucose.

    PubMed

    Sun, Jiaheng; Li, Chunyan; Qi, Yanfei; Guo, Shuanli; Liang, Xue

    2016-01-01

    Nanozyme-based chemical sensing is a rapidly emerging field of research. Herein, a simple colorimetric assay for the detection of hydrogen peroxide and glucose based on the peroxidase-like activity of V₂O₅ nanozymes has been established. In this assay, the effects of pH, substrate, nanozyme concentrations and buffer solution have been investigated. It was found that compared with 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB), the enzyme substrate o-phenylenediamine (OPD) seriously interfered with the H₂O₂ detection. Under the optimal reaction conditions, the resulting sensor displayed a good response to H₂O₂ with a linear range of 1 to 500 μM, and a detection limit of 1 μM at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3. A linear correlation was established between absorbance intensity and concentration of glucose from 10 to 2000 μM, with a detection limit of 10 μM. The current work presents a simple, cheap, more convenient, sensitive, and easy handling colorimetric assay. PMID:27110794

  9. Optimizing Colorimetric Assay Based on V2O5 Nanozymes for Sensitive Detection of H2O2 and Glucose

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Jiaheng; Li, Chunyan; Qi, Yanfei; Guo, Shuanli; Liang, Xue

    2016-01-01

    Nanozyme-based chemical sensing is a rapidly emerging field of research. Herein, a simple colorimetric assay for the detection of hydrogen peroxide and glucose based on the peroxidase-like activity of V2O5 nanozymes has been established. In this assay, the effects of pH, substrate, nanozyme concentrations and buffer solution have been investigated. It was found that compared with 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB), the enzyme substrate o-phenylenediamine (OPD) seriously interfered with the H2O2 detection. Under the optimal reaction conditions, the resulting sensor displayed a good response to H2O2 with a linear range of 1 to 500 μM, and a detection limit of 1 μM at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3. A linear correlation was established between absorbance intensity and concentration of glucose from 10 to 2000 μM, with a detection limit of 10 μM. The current work presents a simple, cheap, more convenient, sensitive, and easy handling colorimetric assay. PMID:27110794

  10. Highly-sensitive colorimetric detection of H2O2 based on the Pt@Te nanorods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wan, Li-Juan; Huang, Xing-Jiu; Liu, Jin-Huai; Zhang, Zhong-Xiang; Hou, Shi-Li; Liu, Wei-Jing

    2015-05-01

    Te nanorods (NRs) were prepared from TeO2 in the presence of hydrazine hydrate without using any surfactants under ambient conditions. Te NRs were then used as sacrificial templates to prepare Pt@Te NRs by spontaneous redox galvanic replacement between Te and Pt ions. The as-synthesized Pt@Te NRs exhibit a strong catalytic activity for the colorimetric detection of H2O2 using 2, 2‧-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzo-thiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) as an indicator.

  11. Multiplexed Colorimetric Solid-Phase Extraction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gazda, Daniel B.; Fritz, James S.; Porter, Marc D.

    2009-01-01

    Multiplexed colorimetric solid-phase extraction (MC-SPE) is an extension of colorimetric solid-phase extraction (C-SPE) an analytical platform that combines colorimetric reagents, solid phase extraction, and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy to quantify trace analytes in water. In CSPE, analytes are extracted and complexed on the surface of an extraction membrane impregnated with a colorimetric reagent. The analytes are then quantified directly on the membrane surface using a handheld diffuse reflectance spectrophotometer. Importantly, the use of solid-phase extraction membranes as the matrix for impregnation of the colorimetric reagents creates a concentration factor that enables the detection of low concentrations of analytes in small sample volumes. In extending C-SPE to a multiplexed format, a filter holder that incorporates discrete analysis channels and a jig that facilitates the concurrent operation of multiple sample syringes have been designed, enabling the simultaneous determination of multiple analytes. Separate, single analyte membranes, placed in a readout cartridge create unique, analyte-specific addresses at the exit of each channel. Following sample exposure, the diffuse reflectance spectrum of each address is collected serially and the Kubelka-Munk function is used to quantify each water quality parameter via calibration curves. In a demonstration, MC-SPE was used to measure the pH of a sample and quantitate Ag(I) and Ni(II).

  12. Colorimetric detection of mercury ion based on unmodified gold nanoparticles and target-triggered hybridization chain reaction amplification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Qing; Yang, Xiaohan; Yang, Xiaohai; Liu, Pei; Wang, Kemin; Huang, Jin; Liu, Jianbo; Song, Chunxia; Wang, Jingjing

    2015-02-01

    A novel unmodified gold nanoparticles (AuNPs)-based colorimetric strategy for label-free, specific and sensitive mercury ion (Hg2+) detection was demonstrated by using thymine-Hg2+-thymine (T-Hg2+-T) recognition mechanism and hybridization chain reaction (HCR) amplification strategy. In this protocol, a structure-switching probe (H0) was designed to recognize Hg2+ and then propagated a chain reaction of hybridization events between two other hairpin probes (H1 and H2). In the absence of Hg2+, all hairpin probes could stably coexist in solution, the exposed sticky ends of hairpin probes were capable of stabilizing AuNPs. As a result, salt-induced AuNPs aggregation could be effectively prevented. In the presence of Hg2+, thymine bases of H0 could specifically interact with Hg2+ to form stable T-Hg2+-T complex. Consequently, the hairpin structure of H0 probe was changed. As H1/H2 probes were added, the HCR process could be triggered and nicked double-helixes were formed. Since it was difficult for the formed nicked double-helixes to inhibit salt-induced AuNPs aggregation, a red-to-blue color change was observed in the colloid solution as the salt concentration increased. With the elegant amplification effect of HCR, a detection limit of around 30 nM was achieved (S/N = 3), which was about 1-2 orders of magnitudes lower than that of previous unmodified AuNPs-based colorimetric methods. By using the T-Hg2+-T recognition mechanism, high selectivity was also obtained. As an unmodified AuNPs-based colorimetric strategy, the system was simple in design, convenient in operation, and eliminated the requirements of separation processes, chemical modifications, and sophisticated instrumentations.

  13. Gold nanoparticles for the colorimetric and fluorescent detection of ions and small organic molecules

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Dingbin; Wang, Zhuo; Jiang, Xingyu

    2011-04-01

    In recent years, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have drawn considerable research attention in the fields of catalysis, drug delivery, imaging, diagnostics, therapy and biosensors due to their unique optical and electronic properties. In this review, we summarized recent advances in the development of AuNP-based colorimetric and fluorescent assays for ions including cations (such as Hg2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, As3+, Ca2+, Al3+, etc) and anions (such as NO2-, CN-, PF6-, F-, I-, oxoanions), and small organic molecules (such as cysteine, homocysteine, trinitrotoluene, melamine and cocaine, ATP, glucose, dopamine and so forth). Many of these species adversely affect human health and the environment. Moreover, we paid particular attention to AuNP-based colorimetric and fluorescent assays in practical applications.

  14. Directional Antineutrino Detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Safdi, Benjamin R.; Suerfu, Burkhant

    2015-02-01

    We propose the first event-by-event directional antineutrino detector using inverse beta decay (IBD) interactions on hydrogen, with potential applications including monitoring for nuclear nonproliferation, spatially mapping geoneutrinos, characterizing the diffuse supernova neutrino background and searching for new physics in the neutrino sector. The detector consists of adjacent and separated target and capture scintillator planes. IBD events take place in the target layers, which are thin enough to allow the neutrons to escape without scattering elastically. The neutrons are detected in the thicker boron-loaded capture layers. The location of the IBD event and the momentum of the positron are determined by tracking the positron's trajectory through the detector. Our design is a straightforward modification of existing antineutrino detectors; a prototype could be built with existing technology.

  15. Directional antineutrino detection.

    PubMed

    Safdi, Benjamin R; Suerfu, Burkhant

    2015-02-20

    We propose the first event-by-event directional antineutrino detector using inverse beta decay (IBD) interactions on hydrogen, with potential applications including monitoring for nuclear nonproliferation, spatially mapping geoneutrinos, characterizing the diffuse supernova neutrino background and searching for new physics in the neutrino sector. The detector consists of adjacent and separated target and capture scintillator planes. IBD events take place in the target layers, which are thin enough to allow the neutrons to escape without scattering elastically. The neutrons are detected in the thicker boron-loaded capture layers. The location of the IBD event and the momentum of the positron are determined by tracking the positron's trajectory through the detector. Our design is a straightforward modification of existing antineutrino detectors; a prototype could be built with existing technology. PMID:25763953

  16. An enzyme-free catalytic DNA circuit for amplified detection of aflatoxin B1 using gold nanoparticles as colorimetric indicators.

    PubMed

    Chen, Junhua; Wen, Junlin; Zhuang, Li; Zhou, Shungui

    2016-05-14

    An enzyme-free biosensor for the amplified detection of aflatoxin B1 has been constructed based on a catalytic DNA circuit. Three biotinylated hairpin DNA probes (H1, H2, and H3) were designed as the assembly components to construct the sensing system (triplex H1-H2-H3 product). Cascaded signal amplification capability was obtained through toehold-mediated strand displacement reactions to open the hairpins and recycle the trigger DNA. By the use of streptavidin-functionalized gold nanoparticles as the signal indicators, the colorimetric readout can be observed by the naked eye. In the presence of a target, the individual nanoparticles (red) aggregate into a cross-linked network of nanoparticles (blue) via biotin-streptavidin coupling. The colorimetric assay is ultrasensitive, enabling the visual detection of trace levels of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) as low as 10 pM without instrumentation. The calculated limit of detection (LOD) is 2 pM in terms of 3 times standard deviation over the blank response. The sensor is robust and works even when challenged with complex sample matrices such as rice samples. Our sensing platform is simple and convenient in operation, requiring only the mixing of several solutions at room temperature to achieve visible and intuitive results, and holds great promise for the point-of-use monitoring of AFB1 in environmental and food samples. PMID:27119550

  17. Virgin silver nanoparticles as colorimetric nanoprobe for simultaneous detection of iodide and bromide ion in aqueous medium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bothra, Shilpa; Kumar, Rajender; Pati, Ranjan K.; Kuwar, Anil; Choi, Heung-Jin; Sahoo, Suban K.

    2015-10-01

    A simple colorimetric nanoprobe based on virgin silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) was developed for the selective detection of iodide and bromide ions via aggregation and anti-aggregation mechanism. With addition of I- ions, virgin AgNPs, in presence of Fe3+, showed perceptible color change from yellow to colorless along with disappearance of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band of AgNPs at 400 nm. But in presence of Cr3+, AgNPs turned yellow upon addition of I-and Br- anions. The developed virgin AgNPs probe showed high specificity and selectivity with the detection limits down to 0.32 μM and 1.32 μM for I- ions via two different mechanistic routes. Also, the designed probe detects Br- with a detection limit down to 1.67 μM.

  18. A Sensitive, Colorimetric, High-Throughput Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for the Detection of Plasmodium knowlesi.

    PubMed

    Britton, Sumudu; Cheng, Qin; Grigg, Matthew J; William, Timothy; Anstey, Nicholas M; McCarthy, James S

    2016-07-01

    The simian parasite Plasmodium knowlesi is now the commonest cause of malaria in Malaysia and can rapidly cause severe and fatal malaria. However, microscopic misdiagnosis of Plasmodium species is common, rapid antigen detection tests remain insufficiently sensitive and confirmation of P. knowlesi requires polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Thus available point-of-care diagnostic tests are inadequate. This study reports the development of a simple, sensitive, colorimetric, high-throughput loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay (HtLAMP) diagnostic test using novel primers for the detection of P. knowlesi. This assay is able to detect 0.2 parasites/μL, and compared with PCR has a sensitivity of 96% for the detection of P. knowlesi, making it a potentially field-applicable point-of-care diagnostic tool. PMID:27162264

  19. Virgin silver nanoparticles as colorimetric nanoprobe for simultaneous detection of iodide and bromide ion in aqueous medium.

    PubMed

    Bothra, Shilpa; Kumar, Rajender; Pati, Ranjan K; Kuwar, Anil; Choi, Heung-Jin; Sahoo, Suban K

    2015-01-01

    A simple colorimetric nanoprobe based on virgin silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) was developed for the selective detection of iodide and bromide ions via aggregation and anti-aggregation mechanism. With addition of I(-) ions, virgin AgNPs, in presence of Fe(3+), showed perceptible color change from yellow to colorless along with disappearance of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band of AgNPs at 400 nm. But in presence of Cr(3+), AgNPs turned yellow upon addition of I(-)and Br(-) anions. The developed virgin AgNPs probe showed high specificity and selectivity with the detection limits down to 0.32 μM and 1.32 μM for I(-) ions via two different mechanistic routes. Also, the designed probe detects Br(-) with a detection limit down to 1.67 μM. PMID:25950637

  20. Directional Antineutrino Detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Safdi, B. R.; Suerfu, J.

    2014-12-01

    We propose the first truly directional antineutrino detector for antineutrinos near the threshold for the inverse beta decay (IBD) of hydrogen, with potential applications including the spatial mapping of geo-neutrinos, searches for stellar antineutrinos, and the monitoring of nuclear reactors. The detector consists of adjacent and separated target and neutron-capture layers. The IBD events, which result in a neutron and a positron, take place in the target layers. These layers are thin enough so that the neutrons escape without scattering elastically. The neutrons are detected in the thicker neutron-capture layers. The location of the IBD event is determined from the energy deposited by the positron as it slows in the medium and from the two gamma rays that come from the positron annihilation. Since the neutron recoils in the direction of the antineutrino's motion, a line may then be drawn between the IBD event location and the neutron-capture location to approximate the antineutrino's velocity. In some events, we may even measure the positron's velocity, which further increases our ability to reconstruct the antineutrino's direction of motion. Our method significantly improves upon previous methods by allowing the neutron to freely travel a long distance before diffusing and being captured. Moreover, our design is a straightforward modification of existing antineutrino detectors; a prototype could easily be built with existing technology. We verify our design through Monte Carlo simulations in Geant4, using commercially-available boron-loaded plastic scintillators for the target and neutron-capture layer materials. We are able to discriminate from background using multiple coincidence signatures within a short, ~microsecond time interval. We conclude that the detector could likely operate above ground with minimal shielding.

  1. Selective colorimetric detection of Cr(iii) and Cr(vi) using gallic acid capped gold nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Dong, Chen; Wu, Genhua; Wang, Zhuqing; Ren, Wenzhi; Zhang, Yujie; Shen, Zheyu; Li, Tianhua; Wu, Aiguo

    2016-05-28

    A colorimetric assay is proposed for the selective detection of Cr(iii) and Cr(vi) via the aggregation-induced color change of gallic acid capped gold nanoparticles (GA-AuNPs). The AuNPs are characterized using UV-vis spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry (FT-IR). To detect Cr(iii) and Cr(vi) coexisting in a sample, citrate and thiosulfate were applied to mask Cr(vi) for the detection of Cr(iii), and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid disodium salt (EDTA) was applied to mask Cr(iii) for the detection of Cr(vi). At optimized experimental conditions, the selectivity of these AuNPs-based detection systems is excellent for Cr(iii) and/or Cr(vi) compared with other types of metal ions. The limit of detections (LODs) of a mixture of Cr(iii) and Cr(vi), Cr(iii) and Cr(vi) by eye vision are 1.5, 1.5 and 2 μM, respectively, and those by UV-vis spectroscopy are 0.05, 0.1 and 0.1 μM, respectively. The minimum detectable concentrations for Cr(iii) or Cr(vi) are all below the guideline value set by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The applicability of the AuNPs-based colorimetric sensor is also validated by the detection of Cr(iii) and Cr(vi) in electroplating wastewater and real water samples with high recoveries. PMID:26606324

  2. A sensitive aptasensor for colorimetric detection of adenosine triphosphate based on the protective effect of ATP-aptamer complexes on unmodified gold nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Huo, Yuan; Qi, Liang; Lv, Xiao-Jun; Lai, Ting; Zhang, Jing; Zhang, Zhi-Qi

    2016-04-15

    Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the most direct source of energy in organisms. This study is the first to demonstrate that ATP-aptamer complexes provide greater protection for unmodified gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) against salt-induced aggregation than either aptamer or ATP alone. This protective effect was confirmed using transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, Zeta potential measurement, and fluorescence polarization techniques. Utilizing controlled particle aggregation/dispersion as a gauge, a sensitive and selective aptasensor for colorimetric detection of ATP was developed using ATP-binding aptamers as the identification element and unmodified AuNPs as the probe. This aptasensor exhibited a good linear relationship between the absorbance and the logarithm concentration of ATP within a 50-1000 nM range. ATP analogs such as guanosine triphosphate, uridine triphosphate and cytidine triphosphate resulted in little or no interference in the determination of ATP. PMID:26638040

  3. Colorimetric monitoring of rolling circle amplification for detection of H5N1 influenza virus using metal indicator.

    PubMed

    Hamidi, Seyed Vahid; Ghourchian, Hedayatollah

    2015-10-15

    A new colorimetric method for monitoring of rolling circle amplification was developed. At first H5N1 target hybrids with padlock probe (PLP) and then PLP is circularized upon the action of T4 ligase enzyme. Subsequently, the circular probe is served as a template for hyperbranched rolling circle amplification (HRCA) by utilizing Bst DNA polymerase enzyme. By improving the reaction, pyrophosphate is produced via DNA polymerization and chelates the Mg(2+) in the buffer solution. This causes change in solution color in the presence of hydroxy naphthol blue (HNB) as a metal indicator. By using pH shock instead of heat shock and isothermal RCA reaction not only the procedure becomes easier, but also application of HNB for colorimetric detection of RCA reaction further simplifies the assay. The responses of the biosensor toward H5N1 were linear in the concentration range from 0.16 to 1.20 pM with a detection limit of 28 fM. PMID:25974174

  4. Antibody-Free Colorimetric Detection of Total Aflatoxins in Rice Based on a Simple Two-Step Chromogenic Reaction.

    PubMed

    Du, Bibai; Su, Xiaoou; Yang, Kunhao; Pan, Long; Liu, Qingju; Gong, Lingling; Wang, Peilong; Yang, Jingkui; He, Yujian

    2016-04-01

    The prevalently used immunoassays for fast screening of aftatoxins (AFs) usually cannot meet the requirement for simultaneous determination of total AFs (aflatoxin B1 + aflatoxin B2 + aflatoxin G1 + aflatoxin G2) due to the deficiency of highly group-specific antibodies. This paper describes a two-step chromogenic reaction based method to quantitatively detect total AFs in rice using colorimetric measurement without antibody. In the method, colorless AFs transform into green-colored indophenol products through the reaction with sodium hydroxide and 2,6-dibromoquinone-4-chloroimide (DBQC) successively, allowing selectively determining total AFs up to 3.9 μg/kg over other competitive mycotoxins under optimal conditions by a UV-vis spectrophotometer. In addition, the colorimetric measurement results of the rice samples agree well with that of a standard HPLC method, demonstrating the good reliability and applicability of the method. Uniquely, the method has potential for on-site detection of total AFs in rice when using a nylon membrane-based device. PMID:26938207

  5. Sensitive and visual detection of sequence-specific DNA-binding protein via a gold nanoparticle-based colorimetric biosensor.

    PubMed

    Ou, Li-Juan; Jin, Pei-Yan; Chu, Xia; Jiang, Jian-Hui; Yu, Ru-Qin

    2010-07-15

    A novel exonuclease III (Exo III) protection-based colorimetric biosensing strategy was developed for rapid, sensitive, and visual detection of sequence-specific DNA-binding proteins. This strategy relied on the protection of DNA-cross-linked gold nanoparticle (AuNP) aggregates from Exo III-mediated digestion by specific interactions of target proteins with their binding sequences. Interestingly, we disclosed a new finding that binding of target proteins to their binding sequences in the aggregated AuNP network rendered a stable and long-period protection of DNA. Unlike conventional fluorescence assays merely based on temporal protection of DNA from Exo III digestion, the stable protection afforded a static color transition indicator for DNA-protein interactions with no time-dependent monitoring required in the assay. Therefore, it furnished the developed strategy with improved technical robustness and operational convenience. Furthermore, we introduced thioctic acid as a stable anchor for tethering DNA on AuNPs. This DNA-tethering protocol circumvented the interferences from thiol compounds in common enzymatic systems. The Exo III protection-based colorimetric biosensor was demonstrated using a model target of TATA binding protein, a key transcriptional factor involving in various transcriptional regulatory networks. The results revealed that the method allowed a specific, simple, and quantitative assay of the target protein with a linear response range from 0 to 120 nM and a detection limit of 10 nM. PMID:20565105

  6. Multifunctional Janus hematite-silica nanoparticles: mimicking peroxidase-like activity and sensitive colorimetric detection of glucose.

    PubMed

    Lu, Chang; Liu, Xiangjiang; Li, Yunfeng; Yu, Fang; Tang, Longhua; Hu, Yanjie; Ying, Yibin

    2015-07-22

    The design and engineering of multifunctional nanostructures with multiple components and synergistic properties are in urgent demand for variety of acceptable biosensing platforms, enabling users to fulfill multiple tasks in a single nanosystem. Herein, we report using an asymmetric hematite-silica hybrid of Janus γ-Fe2O3/SiO2 nanoparticles (JFSNs) as a multifunctional biosensing platform for sensitive colorimetric detection of H2O2 and glucose. It was demonstrated that JFSNs exhibit an intrinsic peroxidase-like catalytic activity. Compared with natural enzyme, JFSNs nanoenzymes could be used over a wider range of pH and temperatures and were more stable over time. Importantly, besides its excellent catalytic activity, the asymmetric properties of the Janus nanoparticle enable it to form the multiple functional utilities for various biosensing applications, including the ease of surface modification without deactivation of catalytic activity and recoverable use by magnetic separation. Thus, we utilized JFSNs with glucose oxidase (GOx) immobilization for glucose-sensitive colorimetric detection, which exhibited both catalytic activity of glucose oxidase and peroxidase with high selectivity and acceptable reproducibility. By combining these two analysis systems into Janus particles, an all-in-one and reusable sensor for blood glucose was formed and has the capability for determination of glucose in complex samples such as serum. These results suggest that such Janus nanosystems have the potential to construct robust nanoarchitecture with multiple functionalities for various biosensing applications. PMID:26110779

  7. Colorimetric detection of Mn2+ using silver nanoparticles cofunctionalized with 4-mercaptobenzoic acid and melamine as a probe.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Ying; Zhao, Hong; Li, Chang; He, Peng; Peng, Wenbo; Yuan, Longfei; Zeng, Lixi; He, Yujian

    2012-08-15

    A facile, selective and highly sensitive method is proposed for colorimetric detection of manganese ions using 4-mercaptobenzoic acid (4-MBA) and melamine (MA) modified silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). The presence of Mn(2+) induces the aggregation of AgNPs through cooperative metal-ligand interaction, resulting in a color change from bright yellow to purple. The cofunctionalized AgNPs showed obvious advantages over the ones functionalized only by 4-MBA or MA in terms of selectivity. Mn(2+) could be monitored by colorimetric response of AgNPs by a UV-vis spectrophotometer or even naked eyes. The absorbance ratio (A(550 nm)/A(408 nm)) is linear with the concentration of Mn(2+) ranging from 5×10(-7) mol/L to 1×10(-5) mol/L with a correlation coefficient of 0.993, and the detection limit is as low as 5×10(-8) mol/L. Particularly, this cost-effective process also allowed rapid and simple determination of the Mn(2+) in drinking water. PMID:22841088

  8. Fluorescence and colorimetric detection of ATP based on a strategy of self-promoting aggregation of a water-soluble polythiophene derivative.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Dandan; Li, Yandong; Wang, Jing; Sun, Yujiao; Jin, Lu; Li, Chenxi; Lu, Yan

    2015-05-18

    A sensitive fluorescent and colorimetric dual-modal probe for the detection of ATP has been developed based on a strategy of self-promoting aggregation of a cationic polythiophene derivative bearing anthracene groups in the side chain with a detection limit as low as 10(-9) M. PMID:25894335

  9. Development of a colorimetric inhibition assay for microcystin-LR detection: comparison of the sensitivity of different protein phosphatases.

    PubMed

    Sassolas, Audrey; Catanante, Gaëlle; Fournier, Didier; Marty, Jean Louis

    2011-10-15

    A colorimetric protein phosphatase (PP) inhibition test for the detection of microcystin-LR (MC-LR) has been developed. Three PP2As, one recombinant and two natural versions, as well as one PP1 produced by molecular engineering, were tested. First, assays were performed using the enzymes in solution to compare their sensitivity to MC-LR. The PP2A purchased from ZEU Immunotec and PP1 appeared more sensitive to the toxin than the other enzymes. With PP2A from ZEU Immunotec, the colorimetric test showed a detection limit of 0.0039 μg L(-1) and an IC(50) value of 0.21 μg L(-1). With PP1, the assay gave a detection limit of 0.05 μg L(-1) and an IC(50) value of 0.56 μg L(-1). Therefore, this assay allowed the detection of lower microcystin-LR (MC-LR) concentrations than the maximum level (1 μg L(-1)) recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The main drawback of this PP-based approach in solution is poor enzyme stabilisation. To overcome this problem, enzymes were entrapped within either a photopolymer or an agarose gel. PP2A from ZEU Immunotec and PP1 were immobilised at the bottom of microwells. The agarose-based tests performed better than the photopolymer-based assay for all of the enzymes. Therefore, the agarose gel is a good candidate to replace the photopolymer, which is generally used in PP-immobilising membranes. The assays based on enzyme-entrapping agarose gels showed detection limits equal to 0.17 μg L(-1) and 0.29 μg L(-1) with immobilised PP2A from ZEU and PP1, respectively. In view of these performances, these tests can potentially be used for monitoring water quality. PMID:21962674

  10. Enhanced Colorimetric Immunoassay Accompanying with Enzyme Cascade Amplification Strategy for Ultrasensitive Detection of Low-Abundance Protein

    PubMed Central

    Gao, Zhuangqiang; Hou, Li; Xu, Mingdi; Tang, Dianping

    2014-01-01

    Methods based on enzyme labels have been developed for colorimetric immunoassays, but most involve poor sensitivity and are unsuitable for routine use. Herein, we design an enhanced colorimetric immunoassay for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) coupling with an enzyme-cascade-amplification strategy (ECAS-CIA). In the presence of target PSA, the labeled alkaline phosphatase on secondary antibody catalyzes the formation of palladium nanostructures, which catalyze 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine-H2O2 system to produce the colored products, thus resulting in the signal cascade amplification. Results indicated that the ECAS-CIA presents good responses toward PSA, and allows detection of PSA at a concentration as low as 0.05 ng mL−1. Intra- and inter-assay coefficients of variation are below 9.5% and 10.7%, respectively. Additionally, the methodology is validated for analysis of clinical serum specimens with consistent results obtained by PSA ELISA kit. Importantly, the ECAS-CIA opens a new horizon for protein diagnostics and biosecurity. PMID:24509941

  11. A colorimetric biosensor for detection of attomolar microRNA with a functional nucleic acid-based amplification machine.

    PubMed

    Li, Dandan; Cheng, Wei; Yan, Yurong; Zhang, Ye; Yin, Yibing; Ju, Huangxian; Ding, Shijia

    2016-01-01

    A functional nucleic acid-based amplification machine was designed for simple and label-free ultrasensitive colorimetric biosensing of microRNA (miRNA). The amplification machine was composed of a complex of trigger template and C-rich DNA modified molecular beacon (MB) and G-rich DNA (GDNA) as the probe, polymerase and nicking enzyme, and a dumbbell-shaped amplification template. The presence of target miRNA triggered MB mediated strand displacement to cyclically release nicking triggers, which led to a toehold initiated rolling circle amplification to produce large amounts of GDNAs. The formed GDNAs could stack with hemin to form G-quadruplex/hemin DNAzyme, a well-known horseradish peroxidase (HRP) mimic, for catalyzing a colorimetric reaction. The modified MB improved the stringent target recognition and reduced background signal. The proposed sensing strategy showed very high sensitivity and selectivity with a wide dynamic range from 10 aM to 1.0 nM, and enabled successful visual analysis of trace amount of miRNA in real sample by the naked eye. This rapid and highly efficient signal amplification strategy provided a simple and sensitive platform for miRNA detection. It would be a versatile and powerful tool for clinical molecular diagnostics. PMID:26695292

  12. Colorimetric detection of urea, urease, and urease inhibitor based on the peroxidase-like activity of gold nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Deng, Hao-Hua; Hong, Guo-Lin; Lin, Feng-Lin; Liu, Ai-Lin; Xia, Xing-Hua; Chen, Wei

    2016-04-01

    Herein, we reported for the first time that gold nanoparticles-catalyzed 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine-H2O2 system can serve as an ultrasensitive colorimetric pH indicator. Gold nanoparticles acted as a catalyst and imitated the function of horseradish peroxidase. The absorbance at 450 nm of the yellow-color product in the catalytic reaction exhibited a linear fashion over the pH range of 6.40-6.60. On the basis of this property, we constructed a novel sensing platform for the determination of urea, urease, and urease inhibitor. The limit of detection for urea and urease was 5 μM and 1.8 U/L, respectively. The half-maximal inhibition value IC50 of acetohydroxamic acid was found to be 0.05 mM. Urea in human urine and urease in soil were detected with satisfied results. PMID:26995642

  13. Colorimetric detection of fluoride ions by anthraimidazoledione based sensors in the presence of Cu(ii) ions.

    PubMed

    Sarkar, Amrita; Bhattacharyya, Sudipta; Mukherjee, Arindam

    2016-01-21

    Anthraquinone based anion receptors have gained importance due to their colorimetric response on sensing a specific anion and the possibility of tuning this property by varying the conjugated moiety (the donor) to the diamine. In this work, we have synthesized and characterized four anthraimidazoledione compounds having 2,5-dihydroxy benzene, 4-(bis(2-chloroethyl)amino)benzene, imidazole and 4-methylthiazole moieties respectively (1-4). All of them were probed for their potential as anion sensors to study the effect of changes in the hydrogen bond donor-acceptor. The p-hydroquinone bound anthraimidazoledione (1) and thioimidazole bound anthraimidazoledione (4) were able to detect both F(-) and CN(-) in the presence of other anions Cl(-), Br(-), I(-), H2PO4(-), OAc(-), NO3(-)and ClO4(-). Both 1 and 4 could not differentiate F(-) from CN(-) and provided a similar response to both. The 1H NMR studies of 1 and 4 with F(-) showed the formation of [HF2](-) at 16.3 ppm and the 19F NMR showed a sharp peak at -145 ppm in both cases. However, although there may be NMR evidence of [HF2](-) formation F(-) may not be detected colorimetrically if the CT band remains almost unchanged, as found for 3. The results emphasize that the change of a hetero atom in the donor moiety of an anthraimidazoledione may render a large difference in sensitivity. In the case of 4 selective detection of F(-) was possible in the presence of 0.5 equivalent of Cu2+ with the exhibition of a distinct green colour with a Δλ shift of ca. 50 nm in contrast to CN(-) which showed orange colouration with a Δλ shift of only 15 nm. In the presence of Cu2+ the F(-) detection limit was 0.038(5) ppm (below the WHO specified level) at a receptor concentration of 25 μM. PMID:26659520

  14. An enzyme-free catalytic DNA circuit for amplified detection of aflatoxin B1 using gold nanoparticles as colorimetric indicators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Junhua; Wen, Junlin; Zhuang, Li; Zhou, Shungui

    2016-05-01

    An enzyme-free biosensor for the amplified detection of aflatoxin B1 has been constructed based on a catalytic DNA circuit. Three biotinylated hairpin DNA probes (H1, H2, and H3) were designed as the assembly components to construct the sensing system (triplex H1-H2-H3 product). Cascaded signal amplification capability was obtained through toehold-mediated strand displacement reactions to open the hairpins and recycle the trigger DNA. By the use of streptavidin-functionalized gold nanoparticles as the signal indicators, the colorimetric readout can be observed by the naked eye. In the presence of a target, the individual nanoparticles (red) aggregate into a cross-linked network of nanoparticles (blue) via biotin-streptavidin coupling. The colorimetric assay is ultrasensitive, enabling the visual detection of trace levels of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) as low as 10 pM without instrumentation. The calculated limit of detection (LOD) is 2 pM in terms of 3 times standard deviation over the blank response. The sensor is robust and works even when challenged with complex sample matrices such as rice samples. Our sensing platform is simple and convenient in operation, requiring only the mixing of several solutions at room temperature to achieve visible and intuitive results, and holds great promise for the point-of-use monitoring of AFB1 in environmental and food samples.An enzyme-free biosensor for the amplified detection of aflatoxin B1 has been constructed based on a catalytic DNA circuit. Three biotinylated hairpin DNA probes (H1, H2, and H3) were designed as the assembly components to construct the sensing system (triplex H1-H2-H3 product). Cascaded signal amplification capability was obtained through toehold-mediated strand displacement reactions to open the hairpins and recycle the trigger DNA. By the use of streptavidin-functionalized gold nanoparticles as the signal indicators, the colorimetric readout can be observed by the naked eye. In the presence of a target, the

  15. Architecture based on the integration of intermolecular G-quadruplex structure with sticky-end pairing and colorimetric detection of DNA hybridization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Hongbo; Wu, Zai-Sheng; Shen, Zhifa; Shen, Guoli; Yu, Ruqin

    2014-01-01

    An interesting discovery is reported in that G-rich hairpin-based recognition probes can self-assemble into a nano-architecture based on the integration of an intermolecular G-quadruplex structure with the sticky-end pairing effect in the presence of target DNAs. Moreover, GNPs modified with partly complementary DNAs can intensively aggregate by hybridization-based intercalation between intermolecular G-quadruplexes, indicating an inspiring assembly mechanism and a powerful colorimetric DNA detection. The proposed intermolecular G-quadruplex-integrated sticky-end pairing assembly (called GISA)-based colorimetric system allows a specific and quantitative assay of p53 DNA with a linear range of more than two orders of magnitude and a detection limit of 0.2 nM, suggesting a considerably improved analytical performance. And more to the point, the discrimination of single-base mismatched target DNAs can be easily conducted via visual observation. The successful development of the present colorimetric system, especially the GISA-based aggregation mechanism of GNPs is different from traditional approaches, and offers a critical insight into the dependence of the GNP aggregation on the structural properties of oligonucleotides, opening a good way to design colorimetric sensing probes and DNA nanostructure. An interesting discovery is reported in that G-rich hairpin-based recognition probes can self-assemble into a nano-architecture based on the integration of an intermolecular G-quadruplex structure with the sticky-end pairing effect in the presence of target DNAs. Moreover, GNPs modified with partly complementary DNAs can intensively aggregate by hybridization-based intercalation between intermolecular G-quadruplexes, indicating an inspiring assembly mechanism and a powerful colorimetric DNA detection. The proposed intermolecular G-quadruplex-integrated sticky-end pairing assembly (called GISA)-based colorimetric system allows a specific and quantitative assay of p53 DNA

  16. A plasmonic colorimetric strategy for visual miRNA detection based on hybridization chain reaction

    PubMed Central

    Miao, Jie; Wang, Jingsheng; Guo, Jinyang; Gao, Huiguang; Han, Kun; Jiang, Chengmin; Miao, Peng

    2016-01-01

    In this work, a novel colorimetric strategy for miRNA analysis is proposed based on hybridization chain reaction (HCR)-mediated localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) variation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). miRNA in the sample to be tested is able to release HCR initiator from a solid interface to AgNPs colloid system by toehold exchange-mediated strand displacement, which then triggers the consumption of fuel strands with single-stranded tails for HCR. The final produced long nicked double-stranded DNA loses the ability to protect AgNPs from salt-induced aggregation. The stability variation of the colloid system can then be monitored by recording corresponding UV-vis spectrum and initial miRNA level is thus determined. This sensing system involves only four DNA strands which is quite simple. The practical utility is confirmed to be excellent by employing different biological samples. PMID:27534372

  17. A plasmonic colorimetric strategy for visual miRNA detection based on hybridization chain reaction.

    PubMed

    Miao, Jie; Wang, Jingsheng; Guo, Jinyang; Gao, Huiguang; Han, Kun; Jiang, Chengmin; Miao, Peng

    2016-01-01

    In this work, a novel colorimetric strategy for miRNA analysis is proposed based on hybridization chain reaction (HCR)-mediated localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) variation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). miRNA in the sample to be tested is able to release HCR initiator from a solid interface to AgNPs colloid system by toehold exchange-mediated strand displacement, which then triggers the consumption of fuel strands with single-stranded tails for HCR. The final produced long nicked double-stranded DNA loses the ability to protect AgNPs from salt-induced aggregation. The stability variation of the colloid system can then be monitored by recording corresponding UV-vis spectrum and initial miRNA level is thus determined. This sensing system involves only four DNA strands which is quite simple. The practical utility is confirmed to be excellent by employing different biological samples. PMID:27534372

  18. The catalytic activity of Ag2S-montmorillonites as peroxidase mimetic toward colorimetric detection of H2O2.

    PubMed

    Liu, Qingyun; Jiang, Yanling; Zhang, Leyou; Zhou, Xinpei; Lv, Xintian; Ding, Yanyuan; Sun, Lifang; Chen, Pengpeng; Yin, Hailiang

    2016-08-01

    Nanocomposites based on silver sulfide (Ag2S) and Ca-montmorillonite (Ca(2+)-MMT) were synthesized by a simple hydrothermal method. The nanocomposites were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR). The as-prepared Ag2S-MMT nanocomposites were firstly demonstrated to possess intrinsic peroxidase-like activity and could rapidly catalytically oxidize the substrate 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) in the presence of H2O2 to produce a blue product which can be seen by the naked eye in only one minute. The experimental results revealed that the Ag2S-MMT nanocomposites exhibit higher thermal durance. Based on the TMB-H2O2 catalyzed color reaction, the Ag2S-MMT nanocomposites were exploited as a new type of biosensor for detection and estimation of H2O2 through a simple, cheap and selective colorimetric method. PMID:27157733

  19. Microgel coating of magnetic nanoparticles via bienzyme-mediated free-radical polymerization for colorimetric detection of glucose.

    PubMed

    Wu, Qing; Wang, Xia; Liao, Chuanan; Wei, Qingcong; Wang, Qigang

    2015-10-28

    This study describes a new strategy for the fabrication of magnetic core-shell microgels by free-radical polymerization triggered by the cascade reaction of glucose oxidase (GOx) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP). The mild polymerization around the interface of the magnetic nanoparticles permits the mild coating of the microgel layer with excellent characteristics for various applications in biocatalysis and medical diagnostics, as well as in clinical fields. The immobilized bienzyme within the microgel has a largely retained activity relative to the non-immobilized one. The confining effect of the microgel and the well designed distance between the two enzymes can benefit the diffusion of intermediates to the HRP active site. The final microgels can be incontestably employed as sensitive biosensors for colorimetric glucose detection. PMID:26412343

  20. Highly sensitive and selective colorimetric detection of glutathione based on Ag [I] ion-3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB).

    PubMed

    Ni, Pengjuan; Sun, Yujing; Dai, Haichao; Hu, Jingting; Jiang, Shu; Wang, Yilin; Li, Zhuang

    2015-01-15

    Glutathione (GSH) plays an important role in the biological system and serves many cellular functions. Since all of the biothiols possess similar functional groups, it is still challenging to selectively detect GSH over cysteine (Cys) and homocysteine (Hcy). In this work, a novel and simple colorimetric method for discriminative detection of glutathione (GSH) over Cys and Hcy is developed. The proposed method is based on the fact that Ag [I] ion could oxidize 3,3',5,5',-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) to the oxidized TMB to induce a blue color and an absorption peak centered at 652 nm. However, the introduction of GSH could cause the reduction of oxidized TMB and it could also combine with Ag(+), both of which result in a blue color fading and a decrease of the absorbance at 652 nm. Based on this finding, we propose a method to qualitatively and quantitatively detect GSH by naked eyes and UV-vis spectroscopy, respectively. The proposed method shows a low detection limit of 0.1 µM by naked eyes and 0.05 µM with the help of UV-vis spectroscopy. In addition, this method has great potential in discriminatively detecting GSH over other amino acid and biothiols. More importantly, this method is simple and fast without the preparation of nanomaterials and has also been successfully applied to the detection of GSH in biological fluids. PMID:25058938

  1. Microgel coating of magnetic nanoparticles via bienzyme-mediated free-radical polymerization for colorimetric detection of glucose

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Qing; Wang, Xia; Liao, Chuanan; Wei, Qingcong; Wang, Qigang

    2015-10-01

    This study describes a new strategy for the fabrication of magnetic core-shell microgels by free-radical polymerization triggered by the cascade reaction of glucose oxidase (GOx) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP). The mild polymerization around the interface of the magnetic nanoparticles permits the mild coating of the microgel layer with excellent characteristics for various applications in biocatalysis and medical diagnostics, as well as in clinical fields. The immobilized bienzyme within the microgel has a largely retained activity relative to the non-immobilized one. The confining effect of the microgel and the well designed distance between the two enzymes can benefit the diffusion of intermediates to the HRP active site. The final microgels can be incontestably employed as sensitive biosensors for colorimetric glucose detection.This study describes a new strategy for the fabrication of magnetic core-shell microgels by free-radical polymerization triggered by the cascade reaction of glucose oxidase (GOx) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP). The mild polymerization around the interface of the magnetic nanoparticles permits the mild coating of the microgel layer with excellent characteristics for various applications in biocatalysis and medical diagnostics, as well as in clinical fields. The immobilized bienzyme within the microgel has a largely retained activity relative to the non-immobilized one. The confining effect of the microgel and the well designed distance between the two enzymes can benefit the diffusion of intermediates to the HRP active site. The final microgels can be incontestably employed as sensitive biosensors for colorimetric glucose detection. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Experimental details and ESI figures. See DOI: 10.1039/c5nr05716g

  2. A new colorimetric platform for ultrasensitive detection of protein and cancer cells based on the assembly of nucleic acids and proteins.

    PubMed

    Chen, Chaohui; Liu, Yufei; Zheng, Zhenhua; Zhou, Guohua; Ji, Xinghu; Wang, Hanzhong; He, Zhike

    2015-06-23

    An amplified colorimetric method has been developed for the detection of protein and cancer cells based on the assembly of nucleic acids and proteins for the first time. In this process, the assembly of nucleic acids was triggered by a biotinylated DNA strand after a sandwich immunoreaction. The biotinylated DNA strand and sandwich immunocomplex were connected by streptavidin. Then, the assembly of biotinylated bovine serum albumin (Biotin-BSA) and streptavidin-horseradish peroxidase (SA-HRP) occurred at a node of the assembled products of nucleic acids through the biotin-streptavidin reaction. Under the catalysis of horseradish peroxidase, 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) was oxidized by H2O2 and the oxidized product was analyzed by its UV-vis absorbance signal and sensitive colorimetric detection. This colorimetric sensor could not only achieve the quantitative determination of protein by UV-vis absorbance but could also be applied for semiquantitative determination by digital visualization. Using alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) as the model target, this proposed colorimetric method showed a wide linear range from 5 pg/mL to 1 ng/mL with a detection limit of 1.95 pg/mL by the instrument, and even 5 pg/mL target protein could be distinguished simply by the naked eye. This approach was then expanded to detect cancer cells based on the recognition of folic acid receptors that were over-expressed on the cancer cells by folic acid-tethered DNA. More importantly, this strategy can be further used as a universal colorimetric method for the determination of viruses or other proteins by changing the corresponding antibodies. PMID:26092332

  3. Detection of measles, mumps and rubella viruses by immuno-colorimetric assay and its application in focus reduction neutralization tests.

    PubMed

    Vaidya, Sunil R; Kumbhar, Neelakshi S; Bhide, Vandana S

    2014-12-01

    Measles, mumps and rubella are vaccine-preventable diseases; however limited epidemiological data are available from low-income or developing countries. Thus, it is important to investigate the transmission of these viruses in different geographical regions. In this context, a cell culture-based rapid and reliable immuno-colorimetric assay (ICA) was established and its utility studied. Twenty-three measles, six mumps and six rubella virus isolates and three vaccine strains were studied. Detection by ICA was compared with plaque and RT-PCR assays. In addition, ICA was used to detect viruses in throat swabs (n = 24) collected from patients with suspected measles or mumps. Similarly, ICA was used in a focus reduction neutralization test (FRNT) and the results compared with those obtained by a commercial IgG enzyme immuno assay. Measles and mumps virus were detected 2 days post-infection in Vero or Vero-human signaling lymphocytic activation molecule cells, whereas rubella virus was detected 3 days post-infection in Vero cells. The blue stained viral foci were visible by the naked eye or through a magnifying glass. In conclusion, ICA was successfully used on 35 virus isolates, three vaccine strains and clinical specimens collected from suspected cases of measles and mumps. Furthermore, an application of ICA in a neutralization test (i.e., FRNT) was documented; this may be useful for sero-epidemiological, cross-neutralization and pre/post-vaccine studies. PMID:25244651

  4. Colorimetric method for rapid detection of Oxacillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus and its comparison with PCR for mec A gene

    PubMed Central

    Ghanwate, Niraj; Thakare, Prashant; Bhise, P. R.; Gawande, Sonali

    2016-01-01

    Rapid and accurate detection of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important role of clinical microbiology laboratories to avoid treatment failure. The detection of MRSA is based on phenotypic assays which require at least 24 h to perform. Detection of the mecA gene or of PBP 2a is the “gold standard”, but not always available. The aim of this study was to evaluate a rapid method for detection of MRSA by using 3 (4, 5 dimethyl thiazole -2-yl) -2, 5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT). Total 126 isolates of MRSA were collected from tertiary healthcare center and were confirmed by oxacillin screening agar test as per CLSI guidelines. Amplification of mecA gene was performed by using PCR. MTT assay was carried out for all the isolates in 96 well Microtitre plate and compared with standard methods of CLSI. Out of 126 isolates, 98 were found to be mecA positive. MTT method was found to be 98.98% sensitive and 96.43% specific. The MTT based colorimetric method is rapid and simple test for screening of oxacillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus. It significantly shortens the time to just 7 h required to obtained a drug susceptibility test and could be useful to screen MRSA. PMID:26960268

  5. Colorimetric method for rapid detection of Oxacillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus and its comparison with PCR for mec A gene.

    PubMed

    Ghanwate, Niraj; Thakare, Prashant; Bhise, P R; Gawande, Sonali

    2016-01-01

    Rapid and accurate detection of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important role of clinical microbiology laboratories to avoid treatment failure. The detection of MRSA is based on phenotypic assays which require at least 24 h to perform. Detection of the mecA gene or of PBP 2a is the "gold standard", but not always available. The aim of this study was to evaluate a rapid method for detection of MRSA by using 3 (4, 5 dimethyl thiazole -2-yl) -2, 5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT). Total 126 isolates of MRSA were collected from tertiary healthcare center and were confirmed by oxacillin screening agar test as per CLSI guidelines. Amplification of mecA gene was performed by using PCR. MTT assay was carried out for all the isolates in 96 well Microtitre plate and compared with standard methods of CLSI. Out of 126 isolates, 98 were found to be mecA positive. MTT method was found to be 98.98% sensitive and 96.43% specific. The MTT based colorimetric method is rapid and simple test for screening of oxacillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus. It significantly shortens the time to just 7 h required to obtained a drug susceptibility test and could be useful to screen MRSA. PMID:26960268

  6. A colorimetric nitrite detection system with excellent selectivity and high sensitivity based on Ag@Au nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Li, Tianhua; Li, Yonglong; Zhang, Yujie; Dong, Chen; Shen, Zheyu; Wu, Aiguo

    2015-02-21

    Excessive uptake of NO2(-) is detrimental to human health, but the currently available methods used to sensitively detect this ion in the environment are cumbersome and expensive. In this study, we developed an improved NO2(-) detection system based on a redox etching strategy of CTAB-stabilized Ag-Au core-shell nanoparticles (Ag@AuNPs). The detection mechanism was verified by UV-Vis spectroscopy, TEM and XPS. The detection system produces a color change from purple to colorless in response to an increase of NO2(-) concentration. The selectivity of detection of NO2(-), both with the unaided eye and by measurement of UV-Vis spectra, is excellent in relation to other ions, including Cu(2+), Co(2+), Ni(2+), Cr(3+), Al(3+), Pb(2+), Cd(2+), Ca(2+), Ba(2+), Zn(2+), Mn(2+), Mg(2+), Fe(3+), Hg(2+), Ag(+), K(+), F(-), PO4(3-), C2O4(2-), SO3(2-), CO3(2-), SO4(2-), NO3(-) and CH3-COO(-) (Ac(-)). The limit of detection (LOD) for NO2(-) is 1.0 μM by eye and 0.1 μM by UV-Vis spectroscopy. The LOD by eye is lower than the lowest previously reported value (4.0 μM). There is a good linear relationship between A/A0 and the concentration of NO2(-) from 1.0 to 20.0 μM NO2(-), which permits a quantitative assay. The applicability of our detection system was also verified by analysis of NO2(-) in tap water and lake water. The results demonstrate that our Ag@AuNP-based detection system can be used for the rapid colorimetric detection of NO2(-) in complex environmental samples, with excellent selectivity and high sensitivity. PMID:25564225

  7. Invader Assisted Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Colorimetric Detection of Disease Biomarkers Using Oligonucleotide Probe-Modified Gold Nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Song, Qinxin; Qi, Xiemin; Jia, Huning; He, Liang; Kumar, Shalen; Pitman, Janet L; Zou, Bingjie; Zhou, Guohua

    2016-04-01

    We successfully developed an invader assisted ELISA assay (iaELISA) for sensitive detection of disease biomarkers. The method includes three key steps as follows; biotinylated detection antibody was at first used to capture targeted antigen by sandwich ELISA. The biotinylated oligonucleotide was then attached to detection antibody via streptavidin. Finally, the cascade invader reactions were employed to amplify the biotinylated oligonucleotide specific to the antigen so that detection of the antigen was transformed into signal amplification of the antigen-specific DNA. To achieve colorimetric detection, oligonucleotide probe and modified gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were coupled with the invader assay. Utilization of the hairpin probes in the invader reaction brought about free AuNPs, resulting in the positive read-out (red color). On the other hand, aggregation of the AuNPs occurred when the hairpin probes were not utilized in the reaction. This method was successfully used to detect as low as 2.4 x 10(-11) g/mL of HBsAg by both naked eye and spectrophotometer. This sensitivity was about 100 times higher than that of conventional ELISA method. The method was also used to assay 16 serum specimens from HBV-infected patients and 8 serum specimens from HBV-negative donors and results were in good agreement with those obtained from the conventional ELISA. As the invader assay is sensitive to one base sequence, a good specificity was also obtained by detecting other antigens like hepatitis A virus (HAV) and BSA. The method has therefore much potential for ultrasensitive and cost-effective detection of targeted proteins that have clinical importance. PMID:27301208

  8. A universal probe design for colorimetric detection of single-nucleotide variation with visible readout and high specificity

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Xueping; Zhou, Dandan; Shen, Huawei; Chen, Hui; Feng, Wenli; Xie, Guoming

    2016-01-01

    Single-nucleotide variation (SNV) is a crucial biomarker for drug resistance-related detection in cancer and bacterial infection. However, the unintended binding of DNA probes limits the specificity of SNV detection, and the need for redesigned sequences compromise the universality of SNV assay. Herein, we demonstrated a universal and low-cost assay for the colorimetric discrimination of drug-resistance related point mutation. By the use of a universal DNA probe and a split G-quadruplex, the signal could be recognized by naked eye at room temperature. The DNA probe was used as a signal reporter which not only improved the universality, but also enabled high specificity of probe hybridization. This assay was successfully applied in the detection of cancer-related SNV in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene, kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homologue (KRAS), and tuberculosis drug-resistance related point mutation in RNA polymerase beta subunit gene (rpoB) with high specificity and visible readout. This method was simple, rapid, high-throughput and effective, which was suitable for point-of-care applications. PMID:26830326

  9. Hydrogen-bonding-induced colorimetric detection of melamine by nonaggregation-based Au-NPs as a probe.

    PubMed

    Cao, Qian; Zhao, Hong; He, Yujian; Li, Xiangjun; Zeng, Lixi; Ding, Nan; Wang, Jian; Yang, Jie; Wang, Guangwei

    2010-08-15

    A colorimetric, label-free, and nonaggregation-based gold nanoparticles probe has been developed for the detection of melamine. Gold nanoparticles were generated using 3,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid as a reducer without adding gold nanoparticle seeds at room temperature. Upon the addition of melamine, the reducer 3,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid can interact with melamine through strong hydrogen-bonding interaction. Consequently, the formation of gold nanoparticles was interrupted by melamine since there was not enough reducer for the reduction of Au(3+) ion. And the color change from purple to yellowgreen with increasing melamine concentration was observed. The plasmon absorbance of the formed Au-NPs allows the quantitative detection of melamine. A sensitive linear correlation existed between the absorbance and the logarithm of melamine concentration ranging from 1x10(-9) M to 1x10(-5) M with a linear coefficiency of 0.993. The system has a high selectivity to melamine with a low detection limit of 8x10(-10) M. PMID:20510598

  10. Non-aggregation based label free colorimetric sensor for the detection of Cu2+ based on catalyzing etching of gold nanorods by dissolve oxygen.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jia-Ming; Jiao, Li; Lin, Li-Ping; Cui, Ma-Lin; Wang, Xin-Xing; Zhang, Li-Hong; Zheng, Zhi-Yong; Jiang, Shu-Lian

    2013-12-15

    A label-free non-aggregation colorimetric sensor has been designed for the detection of Cu(2+), based on Cu(2+) catalyzing etching of gold nanorods (AuNRs) along longitudinal axis induced by dissolve oxygen in the presence of S2O3(2-), which caused the aspect ratio (length/width) of AuNRs to decrease and the color of the solution to distinctly change. The linear range and the detection limit (LD, calculated by 10 Sb/k, n=11) of this sensor were 0.080-4.8 µM Cu(2+) and 0.22 µM Cu(2+), respectively. This sensor has been utilized to detect Cu(2+) in tap water and human serum samples with the results agreeing well with those of inductively coupled plasma-mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS), showing its remarkable practicality. In order to prove the possibility of catalyzing AuNRs non-aggregation colorimetric sensor for the detection of Cu(2+), the morphological structures of AuNRs were characterized by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and the sensing mechanism of colorimetric sensor for the detection of Cu(2+) was also discussed. PMID:24209363

  11. Intrinsic enzyme mimicking activity of gold nanoclusters upon visible light triggering and its application for colorimetric trypsin detection.

    PubMed

    Wang, Guang-Li; Jin, Lu-Yi; Dong, Yu-Ming; Wu, Xiu-Ming; Li, Zai-Jun

    2015-02-15

    In this research, a novel enzyme mimetics based on the photochemical property of gold nanoclusters was demonstrated. It was found that the bovine serum albumin (BSA) stabilized red or blue emitting gold nanoclusters (Au NCs) exhibited enzyme-like activity under visible light irradiation. The BSA-Au NCs had better stability against stringent conditions compared to natural enzyme. In addition, the photostimulated enzyme mimetics of BSA-Au NCs showed several unprecedented advantages over natural peroxidase or other existing alternatives based on nanomaterials, such as the independence of hydrogen peroxide on activity and the easily regulated activity by light irradiation. The mechanism of the photoresponsive enzyme-like activity of BSA-Au NCs was investigated. The photoactivated BSA-Au NCs was designed to develop a facile, cheap, and rapid colorimetric assay to detect trypsin through trypsin digestion of the protein template of BSA-stabilized Au NCs. The limit of detection for trypsin was 0.6 μg/mL, which was much lower than the average level of trypsin in patient's urine or serum. PMID:25310483

  12. Colorimetric microtiter plate receptor-binding assay for the detection of freshwater and marine neurotoxins targeting the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rubio, Fernando; Kamp, Lisa; Carpino, Justin; Faltin, Erin; Loftin, Keith A.; Molgó, Jordi; Aráoz, Rómulo

    2014-01-01

    Anatoxin-a and homoanatoxin-a, produced by cyanobacteria, are agonists of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Pinnatoxins, spirolides, and gymnodimines, produced by dinoflagellates, are antagonists of nAChRs. In this study we describe the development and validation of a competitive colorimetric, high throughput functional assay based on the mechanism of action of freshwater and marine toxins against nAChRs. Torpedo electrocyte membranes (rich in muscle-type nAChR) were immobilized and stabilized on the surface of 96-well microtiter plates. Biotinylated α-bungarotoxin (the tracer) and streptavidin-horseradish peroxidase (the detector) enabled the detection and quantitation of anatoxin-a in surface waters and cyclic imine toxins in shellfish extracts that were obtained from different locations across the US. The method compares favorably to LC/MS/MS and provides accurate results for anatoxin-a and cyclic imine toxins monitoring. Study of common constituents at the concentrations normally found in drinking and environmental waters, as well as the tolerance to pH, salt, solvents, organic and inorganic compounds did not significantly affect toxin detection. The assay allowed the simultaneous analysis of up to 25 samples within 3.5 h and it is well suited for on-site or laboratory monitoring of low levels of toxins in drinking, surface, and ground water as well as in shellfish extracts.

  13. Colorimetric detection of Bi (III) in water and drug samples using pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid modified silver nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohammadi, Somayeh; Khayatian, Gholamreza

    2015-09-01

    A new selective, simple, fast and sensitive method is developed for sensing assay of Bi (III) using pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid or dipicolinic acid (DPA) modified silver nanoparticles (DPA-AgNPs). Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized by reducing silver nitrate (AgNO3) with sodium borohydride (NaBH4) in the presence of DPA. Bismuth detection is based on color change of nanoparticle solution from yellow to red that is induced in the presence of Bi (III). Aggregation of DPA-AgNPs has been confirmed with UV-vis absorption spectra and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images. Under the optimized conditions, a good linear relationship (correlation coefficient r = 0.995) is obtained between the absorbance ratio (A525/A390) and the concentration of Bi (III) in the 0.40-8.00 μM range. This colorimetric probe allows Bi (III) to be rapidly quantified with a 0.01 μM limit of detection. The present method successfully applied to determine bismuth in real water and drug samples. Recoveries of water samples were in the range of 91.2-99.6%.

  14. Colorimetric microtiter plate receptor-binding assay for the detection of freshwater and marine neurotoxins targeting the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.

    PubMed

    Rubio, Fernando; Kamp, Lisa; Carpino, Justin; Faltin, Erin; Loftin, Keith; Molgó, Jordi; Aráoz, Rómulo

    2014-12-01

    Anatoxin-a and homoanatoxin-a, produced by cyanobacteria, are agonists of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Pinnatoxins, spirolides, and gymnodimines, produced by dinoflagellates, are antagonists of nAChRs. In this study we describe the development and validation of a competitive colorimetric, high throughput functional assay based on the mechanism of action of freshwater and marine toxins against nAChRs. Torpedo electrocyte membranes (rich in muscle-type nAChR) were immobilized and stabilized on the surface of 96-well microtiter plates. Biotinylated α-bungarotoxin (the tracer) and streptavidin-horseradish peroxidase (the detector) enabled the detection and quantitation of anatoxin-a in surface waters and cyclic imine toxins in shellfish extracts that were obtained from different locations across the US. The method compares favorably to LC/MS/MS and provides accurate results for anatoxin-a and cyclic imine toxins monitoring. Study of common constituents at the concentrations normally found in drinking and environmental waters, as well as the tolerance to pH, salt, solvents, organic and inorganic compounds did not significantly affect toxin detection. The assay allowed the simultaneous analysis of up to 25 samples within 3.5 h and it is well suited for on-site or laboratory monitoring of low levels of toxins in drinking, surface, and ground water as well as in shellfish extracts. PMID:25260255

  15. Colorimetric detection of Bi (III) in water and drug samples using pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid modified silver nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Mohammadi, Somayeh; Khayatian, Gholamreza

    2015-09-01

    A new selective, simple, fast and sensitive method is developed for sensing assay of Bi (III) using pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid or dipicolinic acid (DPA) modified silver nanoparticles (DPA-AgNPs). Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized by reducing silver nitrate (AgNO3) with sodium borohydride (NaBH4) in the presence of DPA. Bismuth detection is based on color change of nanoparticle solution from yellow to red that is induced in the presence of Bi (III). Aggregation of DPA-AgNPs has been confirmed with UV-vis absorption spectra and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images. Under the optimized conditions, a good linear relationship (correlation coefficient r=0.995) is obtained between the absorbance ratio (A525/A390) and the concentration of Bi (III) in the 0.40-8.00 μM range. This colorimetric probe allows Bi (III) to be rapidly quantified with a 0.01 μM limit of detection. The present method successfully applied to determine bismuth in real water and drug samples. Recoveries of water samples were in the range of 91.2-99.6%. PMID:25919329

  16. New turn-on fluorescent and colorimetric probe for cyanide detection based on BODIPY-salicylaldehyde and its application in cell imaging.

    PubMed

    Sukato, Rangsarit; Sangpetch, Nuanphan; Palaga, Tanapat; Jantra, Suthikorn; Vchirawongkwin, Viwat; Jongwohan, Chanantida; Sukwattanasinitt, Mongkol; Wacharasindhu, Sumrit

    2016-08-15

    Development of cyanide sensor is important as the anion is harmful to human health and the environment. Herein, a new colorimetric and fluorescent probe GSB based on boron dipyrrole-methene (BODIPY) containing salicylaldehyde group for cyanide detection has been reported. GSB undergoes exclusive colorimetric change from orange to colorless and exhibits selective fluorescence turn-on at 504nm upon the addition of cyanide. Other 13 anions give almost no interference under physiological condition. Detection limit of the new cyanide-sensing GSB is 0.88μM, which is below World Health Organization (WHO) recommended level in drinking water. A calculation by density functional theory (DFT) shows suppression of photoinduced electron transfer (PET) mechanism along with the interruption of π-conjugation between salicylaldehyde and BODIPY core by cyanide anion. Cell imaging studies demonstrated that GSB is compatible and capable of sensing cyanide anion in living cells. PMID:27136733

  17. New two dimensional liquid-phase colorimetric assay based on old iodine-starch complexation for the naked-eye quantitative detection of analytes.

    PubMed

    Nie, Jinfang; Brown, Tom; Zhang, Yun

    2016-06-14

    A new type of quantitative point-of-care liquid-phase colorimetric assay (LPCA) termed as two dimensional (2D) LPCA is designed using old iodine-starch complexation reaction firstly discovered in 1814. The naked-eye 2D LPCA's utility is well demonstrated with the simple, low-cost, portable detection and quantification of model analytes in buffer and/or human serum samples without the use of external electronic readers. PMID:27074248

  18. Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticle peroxidase mimetic-based colorimetric assay for the rapid detection of organophosphorus pesticide and nerve agent.

    PubMed

    Liang, Minmin; Fan, Kelong; Pan, Yong; Jiang, Hui; Wang, Fei; Yang, Dongling; Lu, Di; Feng, Jing; Zhao, Jianjun; Yang, Liu; Yan, Xiyun

    2013-01-01

    Rapid and sensitive detection methods are in urgent demand for the screening of extensively used organophosphorus pesticides and highly toxic nerve agents for their neurotoxicity. In this study, we developed a novel Fe(3)O(4) magnetic nanoparticle (MNP) peroxidase mimetic-based colorimetric method for the rapid detection of organophosphorus pesticides and nerve agents. The detection assay is composed of MNPs, acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and choline oxidase (CHO). The enzymes AChE and CHO catalyze the formation of H(2)O(2) in the presence of acetylcholine, which then activates MNPs to catalyze the oxidation of colorimetric substrates to produce a color reaction. After incubation with the organophosphorus neurotoxins, the enzymatic activity of AChE was inhibited and produced less H(2)O(2), resulting in a decreased catalytic oxidation of colorimetric substrates over MNP peroxidase mimetics, accompanied by a drop in color intensity. Three organophosphorus compounds were tested on the assay: acephate and methyl-paraoxon as representative organophosphorus pesticides and the nerve agent Sarin. The novel assay displayed substantial color change after incubation in organophosphorus neurotoxins in a concentration-dependent manner. As low as 1 nM Sarin, 10 nM methyl-paraoxon, and 5 μM acephate are easily detected by the novel assay. In conclusion, by employing the peroxidase-mimicking activity of MNPs, the developed colorimetric assay has the potential of becoming a screening tool for the rapid and sensitive assessment of the neurotoxicity of an overwhelming number of organophosphate compounds. PMID:23153113

  19. Colorimetric Strategy for Highly Sensitive and Selective Simultaneous Detection of Histidine and Cysteine Based on G-Quadruplex-Cu(II) Metalloenzyme.

    PubMed

    Wu, Changtong; Fan, Daoqing; Zhou, Chunyang; Liu, Yaqing; Wang, Erkang

    2016-03-01

    In this present work, we proposed a colorimetric strategy for simultaneous detection of histidine and cysteine based on G-quadruplex-Cu(II) metalloenzyme for the first time. Because of the adding of histidine or cysteine, the formation of G-quadruplex-Cu(II) metalloenzyme will be disturbed, thus the catalytic activity to TMB-H2O2 reaction is inversely proportional to the concentration of histidine or cysteine. With this strategy, the limit of detection in experimental measurement for histidine and cysteine is 10 nM and 5 nM, respectively, which are both lower than previous colorimetric arrays. With the help of NEM, cysteine is alkylated and the reaction between Cu(2+) is inhibited, so the selectivity can also be guaranteed. The cost is quite low since the developed array is label free and enzyme free by using low-cost DNA and Cu(2+). More importantly, the colorimetric detection operation is very simple without any further modification process. PMID:26832965

  20. Highly sensitive colorimetric detection of glucose in a serum based on DNA-embeded Au@Ag core-shell nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kang, Fei; Hou, Xiangshu; Xu, Kun

    2015-10-01

    Glucose is a key energy substance in diverse biology and closely related to the life activities of the organism. To develop a simple and sensitive method for glucose detection is extremely urgent but still remains a key challenge. Herein, we report a colorimetric glucose sensor in a homogeneous system based on DNA-embedded core-shell Au@Ag nanoparticles. In this assay, a glucose substrate was first catalytically oxidized by glucose oxidase to produce H2O2 which would further oxidize and gradually etch the outer silver shell of Au@Ag nanoparticles. Afterwards, the solution color changed from yellow to red and the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band of Au@Ag nanoparticles declined and red-shifted from 430 to 516 nm. Compared with previous silver-based glucose colorimetric detection strategies, the distinctive SPR band change is superior to the color variation, which is critical to the high sensitivity of this assay. Benefiting from the outstanding optical property, robust stability and well-dispersion of the core-shell Au@AgNPs hybrid, this colorimetric assay obtained a detection limit of glucose as low as 10 nM, which is at least a 10-fold improvement over other AgNPs-based procedures. Moreover, this optical biosensor was successfully employed to the determination of glucose in fetal bovine serum.

  1. Highly sensitive colorimetric detection of glucose in a serum based on DNA-embeded Au@Ag core-shell nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Kang, Fei; Hou, Xiangshu; Xu, Kun

    2015-10-01

    Glucose is a key energy substance in diverse biology and closely related to the life activities of the organism. To develop a simple and sensitive method for glucose detection is extremely urgent but still remains a key challenge. Herein, we report a colorimetric glucose sensor in a homogeneous system based on DNA-embedded core-shell Au@Ag nanoparticles. In this assay, a glucose substrate was first catalytically oxidized by glucose oxidase to produce H2O2 which would further oxidize and gradually etch the outer silver shell of Au@Ag nanoparticles. Afterwards, the solution color changed from yellow to red and the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band of Au@Ag nanoparticles declined and red-shifted from 430 to 516 nm. Compared with previous silver-based glucose colorimetric detection strategies, the distinctive SPR band change is superior to the color variation, which is critical to the high sensitivity of this assay. Benefiting from the outstanding optical property, robust stability and well-dispersion of the core-shell Au@AgNPs hybrid, this colorimetric assay obtained a detection limit of glucose as low as 10 nM, which is at least a 10-fold improvement over other AgNPs-based procedures. Moreover, this optical biosensor was successfully employed to the determination of glucose in fetal bovine serum. PMID:26376788

  2. Detection of inhibition of 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribotide transformylase by thioinosinic acid and azathioprine by a new colorimetric assay.

    PubMed Central

    Ha, T; Morgan, S L; Vaughn, W H; Eto, I; Baggott, J E

    1990-01-01

    The colorimetric assay for 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribotide (AICAR) transformylase (phosphoribosylamino-imidazolecarboxamide formyltransferase; EC 2.1.2.3) has been extensively modified. The modified assay is based upon the short-term permanganate oxidation of the folate product, tetrahydrofolate (H4folate) to p-aminobenzoyl glutamate (pABG). The modified assay was used to detect the transformylase activity in crude extracts of peripheral-blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Azathioprine and its metabolite, thioinosinic acid (tIMP), are competitive inhibitors (with respect to AICAR) of the chicken liver transformylase and the transformylase from PBMCs of the MRL/lpr mouse, an animal model of systemic autoimmune disease. The Ki values of tIMP and azathioprine for the chicken liver enzyme are 39 +/- 4 microM and 120 +/- 10 microM, whereas the Ki values for the enzyme from PBMCs of the MRL/lpr mouse are 110 +/- 20 microM and 90 +/- 14 microM respectively. The anti-inflammatory drugs ibuprofen and naproxen are also inhibitors of the transformylase. PMID:2268263

  3. Genotoxic activity detected in soils from a hazardous waste site by the Ames test and an SOS colorimetric test

    SciTech Connect

    McDaniels, A.E.; Reyes, A.L.; Wymer, L.J.; Rankin, C.C.; Stelma, G.N. Jr. )

    1993-01-01

    Ten soil samples from a hazardous waste site were compared for their genotoxic activity by the Ames test (Salmonella reverse mutation assay) and a modified SOS colorimetric test. Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons known to produce frameshift mutations were found in high levels in the soils. Salmonella typhimurium TA98, sensitive to frameshift mutations, was selected as the Ames tester strain. Escherichia coli K12 PQ37 (sulA::lacZ) was the SOS tester strain. Organic extracts were prepared from the soil samples by Soxhlet extraction. One set of the soil samples was extracted with methylene chloride and a second set with cyclohexane. Two criteria from reproducible dose-related increases in response to the soil were used to compare the positive responses: 1. the concentrations required for doubling responses and 2. a minimum concentration required to produce statistically significant increases from background controls. Analysis of variance indicated that with S9 mix, Ames and SOS results were similar for the same soils and solvent extractions. However, without S9 mix, the SOS test was significantly more sensitive than the Ames test to the genotoxins extracted from the soils. Both the Ames and SOS tests detected lower concentrations of genotoxins in methylene chloride than in cyclohexane extracts. The simplicity of the method, reduction in expenses, and results within 1 working day all contribute to the advantages of the SOS test.

  4. BSA-stabilized Pt nanozyme for peroxidase mimetics and its application on colorimetric detection of mercury(II) ions.

    PubMed

    Li, Wei; Chen, Bin; Zhang, Haixiang; Sun, Yanhua; Wang, Jun; Zhang, Jinli; Fu, Yan

    2015-04-15

    Bovine serum albumin (BSA) is chosen as the nucleation templates to synthesize Pt-based peroxidase nanomimetics with the average diameter of 2.0nm. The efficient Pt nanozymes consist of 57% Pt(0) and 43% Pt(2+), which possess highly peroxidase-like activity with the Km values of 0.119mM and 41.8mM toward 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), respectively. Interestingly, Hg(2+) is able to down-regulate the enzymatic activity of Pt nanoparticles, mainly through the interactions between Hg(2+) and Pt(0). It is the first report to explore a colorimetric Hg(2+) sensing system on the basis of peroxidase mimicking activities of Pt nanoparticles. One of our most intriguing results is that BSA-stabilized Pt nanozymes demonstrate the ability to sense Hg(2+) ions in aqueous solution without significant interference from other metal ions. The Hg(2+) detection limit of 7.2nM is achieved with a linear response range of 0-120nM, and the developed sensing system is potentially applicable for quantitative determination of Hg(2+) in drinking water. PMID:25437360

  5. Microfluidic toner-based analytical devices: disposable, lightweight, and portable platforms for point-of-care diagnostics with colorimetric detection.

    PubMed

    Oliveira, Karoliny Almeida; de Souza, Fabrício Ribeiro; de Oliveira, Cristina Rodrigues; da Silveira, Lucimeire Antonelli; Coltro, Wendell Karlos Tomazelli

    2015-01-01

    This chapter describes the development of microfluidic toner-based analytical devices (μTADs) to perform clinical diagnostics using a scanner or cell-phone camera. μTADs have been produced in a platform composed of polyester and toner by the direct-printing technology (DPT) in a matter of minutes. This technology offers simplicity and versatility, and it does not require any sophisticated instrumentation. Toner-based devices integrate the current generation of disposable analytical devices along paper-based chips. The cost of one μTAD has been estimated to be lower than $0.10. In addition, these platforms are lightweight and portable thus enabling their use for point-of-care applications. In the last 5 years, great efforts have been dedicated to spread out the use of μTADs in bioassays. The current chapter reports the fabrication of printed microplates and integrated microfluidic toner-based devices for dengue diagnostics and rapid colorimetric assays with clinically relevant analytes including cholesterol, triglycerides, total proteins, and glucose. The use of μTADs associated with cell-phone camera may contribute to the health care, in special, to people housed in developing regions or with limited access to clinics and hospitals. PMID:25626533

  6. Sensitive colorimetric detection of cyromazine in cucumber samples by using label-free gold nanoparticles and polythymine.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jinchuan; Bai, Wenhui; Zhu, Chao; Yan, Mengmeng; Yang, Shuming; Chen, Ailiang

    2015-05-01

    Cyromazine (CYR) can cause serious damage to the organs of animals or human beings, and it was found to bind to polythymine (polyT10) via multiple hydrogen bonding interactions. Based on this novel finding, a highly sensitive and simple colorimetric method was developed for CYR detection by using label-free gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and polyT10. Under the optimized conditions, excellent linearity was acquired for CYR within the range of 1-500 ng mL(-1). In addition, the spectra and color changes of the AuNP solution were measured by spectrophotometry and observed by the naked eye, and the results showed that as low as 1 and 5 ng mL(-1) of CYR could be detected, depending upon the measurement methods. Afterwards, cucumber was selected to investigate the sample matrix effect and a sample pretreatment procedure was developed with simple homogenization and filtration. Even after 200 times dilution, the limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantitation (LOQ) reached 252 ng g(-1) and 500 ng g(-1), respectively. The LOD and LOQ satisfied the Chinese requirement for the maximum residue limit (MRL), which is 0.5-1 μg g(-1) of CYR in most vegetables. The assay also showed a good average recovery of 83.7-104.8% with the RSD of less than 7% and good selectivity for cyromazine over other pesticides that may exist in vegetable samples. The method proposed in this study was simple, fast, and highly sensitive and accurate, and the test result with this method was visible to the naked eye. Therefore, it could be used for routine determination of CYR residues in cucumber samples. PMID:25741673

  7. Label-free colorimetric sensor for ultrasensitive detection of heparin based on color quenching of gold nanorods by graphene oxide.

    PubMed

    Fu, Xiuli; Chen, Lingxin; Li, Jinhua; Lin, Meng; You, Huiyan; Wang, Wenhai

    2012-04-15

    A novel label-free colorimetric strategy was developed for ultrasensitive detection of heparin by using the super color quenching capacity of graphene oxide (GO). Hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)-stabilized gold nanorods (AuNRs) could easily self-assembly onto the surface of GO through electrostatic interaction, resulting in decrease of the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) absorption and consequent color quenching change of the AuNRs from deep to light. Polycationic protamine was used as a medium for disturbing the electrostatic interaction between AuNRs and GO. The AuNRs were prevented from being adsorbed onto the surface of GO because of the stronger interaction between protamine and GO, showing a native color of the AuNRs. On the contrary, in the presence of heparin, which was more easily to combine with protamine, the AuNRs could self-assembly onto the surface of GO, resulting in the native color disappearing of AuNRs. As the concentration of heparin increased, the color of AuNRs would gradually fade until almost colorless. The amounts of self-assembly AuNRs were proportional to the concentration of heparin, and thereby the changes in the SPR absorption and color had been used to monitor heparin levels. Under optimized conditions, good linearity was obtained in a range of 0.02-0.28 μg/mL (R=0.9957), and a limit of detection was 5 ng/mL. The simultaneous possession of high sensitivity and selectivity, simplicity, rapidity, and visualization enabled this sensor to be potentially applicable for ultrasensitive and rapid on-site detection toward trace heparin. PMID:22387039

  8. Immunosorbent analysis of ricin contamination in milk using colorimetric, chemiluminescence, and electrochemiluminescence detection

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Analytical methodology to detect ricin in food matrices is important because of the potential use of foodborne ricin as a terrorist weapon. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that bind ricin were used for both capture and detection in sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and electrochemilumi...

  9. Catalytic formation of silver nanoparticles by bovine serum albumin protected-silver nanoclusters and its application for colorimetric detection of ascorbic acid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Xiu-Hua; Ling, Jian; Peng, Jun; Cao, Qiu-E.; Wang, Lei; Ding, Zhong-Tao; Xiong, Jie

    2013-04-01

    We established a simple spectrophotometric and colorimetric method for detection of ascorbic acid based on the growth of silver nanoparticles in bovine serum albumin protected-silver nanoclusters (BSA-AgNCs) and Ag+ mixture. Due to the catalysis of BSA-AgNCs, ascorbic acid could reduce Ag+ to silver nanoparticles (NPs) at room temperature. The color of the mixture changed from colorless to yellow and a strong absorption band near 420 nm could be found in their absorption spectra owing to localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) of produced silver NPs. The absorbance changes at 420 nm had a good relationship with ascorbic acid concentration. Thus, we proposed a spectrophotometric and colorimetric method to determine ascorbic acid in concentration range from 2.0 to 50.0 μM, with the corresponding limits of determination (3σ) of 0.16 μM.

  10. A SIMPLE COLORIMETRIC METHOD TO DETECT BIOLOGICAL EVIDENCE OF HUMAN EXPOSURE TO MICROCYSTINS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Toxic cyanobacteria are contaminants of surface waters worldwide. Microcystins are some of the most commonly detected toxins. Biological evidence of human exposure may be difficult to obtain due to limitations associated with cost, laboratory capacity, analytic support, and exp...

  11. A label-free colorimetric detection of lead ions by controlling the ligand shells of gold nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Hung, Yu-Lun; Hsiung, Tung-Ming; Chen, Yi-You; Huang, Chih-Ching

    2010-07-15

    We have developed a simple, colorimetric and label-free gold nanoparticle (Au NP)-based probe for the detection of Pb(2+) ions in aqueous solution, operating on the principle that Pb(2+) ions change the ligand shell of thiosulfate (S(2)O(3)(2-))-passivated Au NPs. Au NPs reacted with S(2)O(3)(2-) ions in solution to form Au(+).S(2)O(3)(2-) ligand shells on the Au NP surfaces, thereby inhibiting the access of 4-mercaptobutanol (4-MB). Surface-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight ionization mass spectrometry (SALDI-TOF MS) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) measurements revealed that PbAu alloys formed on the surfaces of the Au NPs in the presence of Pb(2+) ions; these alloys weakened the stability of the Au(+).S(2)O(3)(2-) ligand shells, enhancing the access of 4-MB to the Au NP surfaces and, therefore, inducing their aggregation. As a result, the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) absorption of the Au NPs red-shifted and broadened, allowing quantitation of the Pb(2+) ions in the aqueous solution. This 4-MB/S(2)O(3)(2-)-Au NP probe is highly sensitive (linear detection range: 0.5-10 nM) and selective (by at least 100-fold over other metal ions) toward Pb(2+) ions. This cost-effective sensing system allows the rapid and simple determination of the concentrations of Pb(2+) ions in real samples (in this case, river water, Montana soil and urine samples). PMID:20602929

  12. RCA-Based Biosensor for Electrical and Colorimetric Detection of Pathogen DNA.

    PubMed

    Jeong, Jaepil; Kim, Hyejin; Lee, Dong Jun; Jung, Byung Jun; Lee, Jong Bum

    2016-12-01

    For the diagnosis and prevention of diseases, a range of strategies for the detection of pathogens have been developed. In this study, we synthesized the rolling circle amplification (RCA)-based biosensor that enables detection of pathogen DNA in two analytical modes. Only in the presence of the target DNA, the template DNA can be continuously polymerized by simply carrying out RCA, which gives rise to a change of surface structure of Au electrodes and the gap between the electrodes. Electrical signal was generated after introducing hydrogen tetrachloroaurate (HAuCl4) to the DNA-coated biosensor for the improvement of the conductivity of DNA, which indicates that the presence of the pathogen DNA can be detected in an electrical approach. Furthermore, the existence of the target DNA was readily detected by the naked eyes through change in colors of the electrodes from bright yellow to orange-red after RCA reaction. The RCA-based biosensor offers a new platform for monitoring of pathogenic DNA with two different detection modes in one system. PMID:27142880

  13. RCA-Based Biosensor for Electrical and Colorimetric Detection of Pathogen DNA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeong, Jaepil; Kim, Hyejin; Lee, Dong Jun; Jung, Byung Jun; Lee, Jong Bum

    2016-05-01

    For the diagnosis and prevention of diseases, a range of strategies for the detection of pathogens have been developed. In this study, we synthesized the rolling circle amplification (RCA)-based biosensor that enables detection of pathogen DNA in two analytical modes. Only in the presence of the target DNA, the template DNA can be continuously polymerized by simply carrying out RCA, which gives rise to a change of surface structure of Au electrodes and the gap between the electrodes. Electrical signal was generated after introducing hydrogen tetrachloroaurate (HAuCl4) to the DNA-coated biosensor for the improvement of the conductivity of DNA, which indicates that the presence of the pathogen DNA can be detected in an electrical approach. Furthermore, the existence of the target DNA was readily detected by the naked eyes through change in colors of the electrodes from bright yellow to orange-red after RCA reaction. The RCA-based biosensor offers a new platform for monitoring of pathogenic DNA with two different detection modes in one system.

  14. A Simple Colorimetric Chemosensor for Naked Eye Detection of Cyanide Ion.

    PubMed

    Gholamzadeh, Parisa; Mohammadi Ziarani, Ghodsi; Lashgari, Negar; Badiei, Alireza; Shayesteh, Alireza; Jafari, Maryam

    2016-09-01

    A simple cyanide chemosensor tetranitrile compound 1 was designed and synthesized via an efficient method in the presence of nanoporous SBA-Pr-NH2 as the catalyst. The chemosensor exhibited high selectivity and sensitivity for detecting CN¯ among different anions through a visual color change from light yellow to purple. The results confirmed that the chemosensor 1 causes the color of the solution to change depending on the concentration of CN¯. Linear changes of the optical properties of the sensor as a function of the concentrations of CN¯ was proved. The detection limit of 3.07 × 10(-7) M was calculated for CN¯. A simple paper test strip system for the rapid detection of CN¯ was developed. The TD-DFT calculations were carried out to understand the sensing mechanism. PMID:27448224

  15. Colorimetric Detection of Ehrlichia Canis via Nucleic Acid Hybridization in Gold Nano-Colloids

    PubMed Central

    Muangchuen, Ajima; Chaumpluk, Piyasak; Suriyasomboon, Annop; Ekgasit, Sanong

    2014-01-01

    Canine monocytic ehrlichiosis (CME) is a major thick-bone disease of dog caused by Ehrlichia canis. Detection of this causal agent outside the laboratory using conventional methods is not effective enough. Thus an assay for E. canis detection based on the p30 outer membrane protein gene was developed. It was based on the p30 gene amplification using loop-mediated isothermal DNA amplification (LAMP). The primer set specific to six areas within the target gene were designed and tested for their sensitivity and specificity. Detection of DNA signals was based on modulation of gold nanoparticles' surface properties and performing DNA/DNA hybridization using an oligonucleotide probe. Presence of target DNA affected the gold colloid nanoparticles in terms of particle aggregation with a plasmonic color change of the gold colloids from ruby red to purple, visible by the naked eye. All the assay steps were completed within 90 min including DNA extraction without relying on standard laboratory facilities. This method was very specific to target bacteria. Its sensitivity with probe hybridization was sufficient to detect 50 copies of target DNA. This method should provide an alternative choice for point of care control and management of the disease. PMID:25111239

  16. DETECTION OF ESCHERICHIA COLI IN WATER USING A COLORIMETRIC GENE PROBE ASSAY

    EPA Science Inventory

    A commercially available DNA hydribization assay (Gene-trak , Framingham, MA. USA) was compared with the EC-MUG procedure for the detection of Escherichia coli in water. The gene probe gave positive responses for pure cultures of E. coli 0157:H7, E. fergusonii, Shigella sonnei, S...

  17. Development of an efficient protein phosphatase-based colorimetric test for okadaic acid detection.

    PubMed

    Sassolas, Audrey; Catanante, Gaëlle; Hayat, Akhtar; Marty, Jean-Louis

    2011-09-30

    Okadaic acid (OA), responsible for gastrointestinal problems, inhibits protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A). Therefore, the inhibition exerted by the toxin on PP2A could be used to detect the presence of OA in aqueous solution and in shellfish sample. In this work, two commercial PP2As (from ZEU Immunotec and Millipore) and one produced by molecular engineering (from GTP Technology) were tested. Enzymes were used in solution and also immobilized within a polymeric gel. In solution, best performances were obtained using PP2A purchased from ZEU Immunotec (Spain). OA was detected in aqueous solution in concentration as low as 0.0124 μg L(-1) using the enzyme from ZEU Immunotec whereas the detection limits were 0.47 μg L(-1) and 0.123 μg L(-1) with PP2As from Millipore and GTP Technology, respectively. Considering that the immobilization step contributes to stabilize the PP2A activity, enzymes were entrapped within a photopolymer and an agarose gel. These different polymeric matrices were optimized, tested and compared. Agarose gel seems to be a good alternative to the photopolymer largely used in our group. For instance, the IC(50) value obtained with the test based on PP2A from ZEU Immunotec immobilized within an agarose gel was 1.98 μg L(-1). This value was 1.8-fold lower than those obtained with the photopolymer test using the same enzyme. The proposed test is sensitive, fast and does not require expensive equipment. To evaluate the efficiency of the assay, PP inhibition tests based on PP2A from ZEU Immunotec in solution or immobilized within a gel were used for OA detection in contaminated shellfish. PMID:21839207

  18. BODIPY based colorimetric fluorescent probe for selective thiophenol detection: theoretical and experimental studies.

    PubMed

    Kand, Dnyaneshwar; Mishra, Pratyush Kumar; Saha, Tanmoy; Lahiri, Mayurika; Talukdar, Pinaki

    2012-09-01

    A BODIPY-based selective thiophenol probe capable of discriminating aliphatic thiols is reported. The fluorescence off-on effect upon reaction with thiol is elucidated with theoretical calculations. The sensing of thiophenol is associated with a color change from red to yellow and 63-fold enhancement in green fluorescence. Application of the probe for selective thiophenol detection is demonstrated by live cell imaging. PMID:22751002

  19. Colorimetric detection of hydrogen peroxide and glucose using the magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yonghong; Zhou, Bo; Wu, Shun; Wang, Kemin; He, Xiaoxiao

    2015-03-01

    In this work, we synthesized a type of magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticle (denoted as Fe3O4@MSN) with Fe3O4 as the core and mesoporous silica the shell. The superparamagnetic Fe3O4-core provides high peroxidase-mimic activity and makes the artificial enzymatic system easily recyclable. Furthermore, Fe3O4 nanoparticles are encapsulated in MSN shells to hinder the aggregation and keep them stable even under harsh conditions. Meanwhile, small active molecules are allowed to diffuse in and out of the MSN shells. Based on these functional units, the Fe3O4@MSN as robust nanoreactors can catalyze a self-organized cascade reaction, which includes oxidation of glucose by oxygen to yield gluconic acid and H2O2, and the latter further oxidizes 3,3,5,5-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) to produce a color change. The Fe3O4@MSN, whose catalytic efficiency was not strongly dependent on pH and temperature, was successfully used for the detection of glucose and showed excellent sensitivity with a detection limit of 0.4×10(-5) mol/L. Nevertheless, the assay is also highly selective toward the glucose detection. PMID:25618726

  20. Gold nanoflowers based colorimetric detection of Hg2+ and Pb2+ ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nalawade, Pradnya; Kapoor, Sudhir

    2013-12-01

    An optical detection method based on the interaction of gold nanoflowers with Hg2+ and Pb2+ has been described. After interaction, gold nanoflowers change the color from violet to wine red. The nanoflowers are capable of determining Hg2+ and Pb2+ over a dynamic range of 1.0 × 10-6 and 1.0 × 10-5 M, respectively. The response time of nanoflowers depends on the concentration of ions. The presence of both Hg2+ and Pb2+ ions in the mixture having Au nanoflowers induced color changes of the solution within several seconds even at 1.0 × 10-6 M. Common metal ions were chosen to investigate their interference in Hg2+ and Pb2+ detection, and the concentration of each metal ion studied was 1.0 × 10-5 M. Other metallic ions could not induce color change even at 1.0 × 10-5 M. The feasibility of our method to detect Hg2+ and Pb2+ ions at high concentration in real water samples was verified. Water samples were from our own laboratory and no pretreatment was made. As the particles are stable they can be used for more than 3 months without observing any major deviation.

  1. Simple and sensitive colorimetric sensors for the selective detection of Cu2+ in aqueous buffer.

    PubMed

    Huo, Jianzhong; Liu, Kai; Zhao, Xiaojun; Zhang, Xingxing; Wang, Ying

    2014-01-01

    Simple chromogenic sensor for the selective detection of Cu(2+) was described. With the addition of Cu(2+), a bathochromic shift about 82 nm was observed in the UV-VIS spectra, with the color change from colorless to bright yellow. This suggested that the coordination between receptor and Cu(2+) was formed, and the strong push-pull system occurred. The followed IR spectra indicated that Cu(2+) coordinated to the two phenolic oxygen atoms and one of two azomethines in the receptor. PMID:24161519

  2. A colorimetric chemosensor for Cu2+ ion detection based on an iridium(III) complex

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Modi; Leung, Ka-Ho; Lin, Sheng; Chan, Daniel Shiu-Hin; Kwong, Daniel W. J.; Leung, Chung-Hang; Ma, Dik-Lung

    2014-01-01

    We report herein the synthesis and application of a series of novel cyclometalated iridium(III) complexes 1−3 bearing a rhodamine-linked NˆN ligand for the detection of Cu2+ ions. Under the optimised conditions, the complexes exhibited high sensitivity and selectivity for Cu2+ ions over a panel of other metal ions, and showed consistent performance in a pH value range of 6 to 8. Furthermore, the potential application of this system for the monitoring of Cu2+ ions in tap water or natural river water samples was demonstrated. PMID:25348724

  3. Polydiacetylene liposomes functionalized with sialic acid bind and colorimetrically detect influenza virus

    SciTech Connect

    Reichert, A.; Nagy, J.O.; Spevak, W.; Charych, D. )

    1995-01-18

    In this paper we have demonstrated that polymerized liposomes are biomolecular materials that provide a molecular recognition function (sialic acid) and a detection element (polydiacetylene backbone), all within a single supramolecular assembly. The binding event is transduced to a visible color change, readily seen with the naked eye and quantified by absorption spectroscopy. Specificity of the color change was demonstrated by competitive inhibition studies. In addition, nonspecific adsorption, if it occurs. does not appear to affect the color of the liposome solutions. 28 refs., 2 figs.

  4. Direct detection of Dark Matter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Belli, P.

    2016-07-01

    An overview of the latest results of Dark Matter direct detection will be summarized, with particular care to the DAMA/LIBRA-phase1 results and the evidence with high confidence level obtained by exploiting the model independent Dark Matter annual modulation signature for the presence of Dark Matter particles in the galactic halo. Results from other experiments using different procedures, different techniques and different target-materials will be shortly discussed. Results, implications and experimental perspectives will be addressed.

  5. Biofunctionalized silver nanoparticles as a novel colorimetric probe for melamine detection in raw milk.

    PubMed

    Borase, Hemant P; Patil, Chandrashekhar D; Salunkhe, Rahul B; Suryawanshi, Rahul K; Salunke, Bipinchandra K; Patil, Satish V

    2015-01-01

    Nanoparticles have emerged as a promising analytical tool for monitoring food adulteration and safety. In the present study, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized using leaves' extract of Jatropha gossypifolia. AgNPs revealed a characteristic surface plasmon resonance (SPR) peak at 419 nm and have spherical and grain shape with size range between 18 and 30 nm. A selective and rapid method of melamine detection in raw milk was developed with the use of these biofunctionalized AgNPs. The color change, deviation in SPR spectra, and change in the absorption ratio (A500 /A419 ) of AgNPs occurred after an AgNPs-melamine interaction. The detection limit for melamine up to 2 μM (252 ppb) was attained with this method, which is quite lower than safety level recommendations of regulatory bodies demonstrating sensitivity of the method. Dynamicx light scattering and transmission electron microscopy analyses exhibited an increase in hydrodynamic diameter and size of AgNPs after melamine interaction. Melamine sensing by AgNPs was investigated by different physicochemical and thermal analyses. PMID:25322814

  6. Direct Dark Matter Detection Phenomenology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Newstead, Jayden L.

    The identity and origin of dark matter is one of the more elusive mysteries in the fields of particle physics and cosmology. In the near future, direct dark matter detectors will offer a chance at observing dark matter non-gravitationally for the first time. In this thesis, formalisms are developed to analyze direct detection experiments and to quantify the extent to which properties of the dark matter can be determined. A range of non-standard assumptions about the dark matter are considered, including inelastic scattering, isospin violation and momentum dependent scattering. Bayesian inference is applied to realistic detector configurations to evaluate parameter estimation and model selection ability. A complete set of simplified models for spin-0, spin-1/2 and spin-1 dark matter candidates are formulated. The corresponding non-relativistic operators are found, and are used to derive observational signals for the simplified models. The ability to discern these simplified models with direct detection experiments is demonstrated. In the near future direct dark matter detectors will be sensitive to coherent neutrino scattering, which will limit the discovery potential of these experiments. It was found that eleven of the fourteen non-relativistic operators considered produce signals distinct from coherent scattering, and thus the neutrino background does not greatly affect the discovery potential in these cases.

  7. A colorimetric sensor for the sequential detection of Cu(2+) and CN(-) in fully aqueous media: practical performance of Cu(2+).

    PubMed

    You, Ga Rim; Park, Gyeong Jin; Lee, Jae Jun; Kim, Cheal

    2015-05-21

    A new highly selective colorimetric chemosensor 1 (E)-9-(((5-mercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)imino)methyl)-2,3,6,7-tetrahydro-1H,5H-pyrido[3,2,1-ij]quinolin-8-ol was designed and synthesized for the sequential detection of Cu(2+) and CN(-). This sensor 1 exhibited an obvious color change from yellow to orange in the presence of Cu(2+) in a fully aqueous solution. The detection limit (0.9 μM) of 1 for Cu(2+) is far lower than the WHO limit (31.5 μM) for drinking water. In addition, the resulting Cu(2+)-2· 1 complex can be further used to detect toxic cyanide through a color change from orange to yellow, indicating the recovery of 1 from Cu(2+)-2·1. Importantly, chemosensor 1 could be used to detect and quantify Cu(2+) in water samples, and a colorimetric test strip of 1 for the detection of Cu(2+) could be useful for all practical purposes. PMID:25900000

  8. Blocked Enzymatic Etching of Gold Nanorods: Application to Colorimetric Detection of Acetylcholinesterase Activity and Its Inhibitors.

    PubMed

    Saa, Laura; Grinyte, Ruta; Sánchez-Iglesias, Ana; Liz-Marzán, Luis M; Pavlov, Valeri

    2016-05-01

    The anisotropic morphology of gold nanorods (AuNRs) has been shown to lead to nonuniform ligand distribution and preferential etching through their tips. We have recently demonstrated that this effect can be achieved by biocatalytic oxidation with hydrogen peroxide, catalyzed by the enzyme horseradish peroxidase (HRP). We report here that modification of AuNRs with thiol-containing organic molecules such as glutathione and thiocholine hinders enzymatic AuNR etching. Higher concentrations of thiol-containing molecules in the reaction mixture gradually decrease the rate of enzymatic etching, which can be monitored by UV-vis spectroscopy through changes in the AuNR longitudinal plasmon band. This effect can be applied to develop novel optical assays for acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. The biocatalytic hydrolysis of acetylthiocholine by AChE yields thiocholine, which prevents enzymatic AuNR etching in the presence of HRP. Additionally, the same bioassay can be used for the detection of nanomolar concentrations of AChE inhibitors such as paraoxon and galanthamine. PMID:27070402

  9. A colorimetric sensor array for the detection of the date-rape drug γ-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB): a supramolecular approach.

    PubMed

    Baumes, Laurent A; Buaki Sogo, Mireia; Montes-Navajas, Pedro; Corma, Avelino; Garcia, Hermenegildo

    2010-04-19

    γ-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), a colourless, odourless and tasteless chemical, has become one of the most dangerous illicit drugs of abuse today. At low doses, this drug is a central nervous system depressant that reduces anxiety and produces euphoria and relaxation, sedating the recipient. There is an urgent need for simple, easy-to-use sensors for GHB in solution. Here, we present a colorimetric sensor array based on supramolecular host-guest complexes of fluorescent dyes with organic capsules (cucurbiturils) for the detection of GHB. PMID:20309968

  10. Smartphone spectrometer for colorimetric biosensing.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yi; Liu, Xiaohu; Chen, Peng; Tran, Nhung Thi; Zhang, Jinling; Chia, Wei Sheng; Boujday, Souhir; Liedberg, Bo

    2016-05-23

    We report on a smartphone spectrometer for colorimetric biosensing applications. The spectrometer relies on a sample cell with an integrated grating substrate, and the smartphone's built-in light-emitting diode flash and camera. The feasibility of the smartphone spectrometer is demonstrated for detection of glucose and human cardiac troponin I, the latter in conjunction with peptide-functionalized gold nanoparticles. PMID:27163736

  11. Plasma dark matter direct detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clarke, J. D.; Foot, R.

    2016-01-01

    Dark matter in spiral galaxies like the Milky Way may take the form of a dark plasma. Hidden sector dark matter charged under an unbroken U(1)' gauge interaction provides a simple and well defined particle physics model realising this possibility. The assumed U(1)' neutrality of the Universe then implies (at least) two oppositely charged dark matter components with self-interactions mediated via a massless "dark photon" (the U(1)' gauge boson). In addition to nuclear recoils such dark matter can give rise to keV electron recoils in direct detection experiments. In this context, the detailed physical properties of the dark matter plasma interacting with the Earth is required. This is a complex system, which is here modelled as a fluid governed by the magnetohydrodynamic equations. These equations are numerically solved for some illustrative examples, and implications for direct detection experiments discussed. In particular, the analysis presented here leaves open the intriguing possibility that the DAMA annual modulation signal is due primarily to electron recoils (or even a combination of electron recoils and nuclear recoils). The importance of diurnal modulation (in addition to annual modulation) as a means of probing this kind of dark matter is also emphasised.

  12. Modification-free and N-acetyl-L-cysteine-induced colorimetric response of AuNPs: A mechanistic study and sensitive Hg(2+) detection.

    PubMed

    Tang, Jie; Wu, Peng; Hou, Xiandeng; Xu, Kailai

    2016-10-01

    A facile yet sensitive and selective method was proposed for Hg(2+) detection based on N-acetyl-L-cysteine(NAC)-induced colorimetric response of AuNPs. The proposed method can be easily performed by introducing the premixing of NAC and Hg(2+) into as-prepared citrate-capped AuNPs solution. A combination of experimental and theoretical studies was applied to illustrate the mechanism of this AuNPs colorimetric system. The strong interaction of NAC and AuNPs through Au-S bond could lead to the aggregation of AuNPs, but the formation of NAC-Hg-NAC complex decreased the affinity between NAC and AuNPs and resulted in an anti-aggregation effect. Therefore, the color of the AuNPs solution would progress from purple to red with the increase of Hg(2+) concentration. The proposed method had a high sensitivity with a limit of detection of 9.9nM. Coexistent metal ions, including Cd(2+), Mn(2+), Al(3+), Ag(+), K(+), Mg(2+), Ca(2+), Cr(3+), Cu(2+), Fe(3+), Pb(2+), Ni(2+) and Zn(2+), did not interfere with the detection of Hg(2+). This method can be used to monitor Hg(2+) in tap water. PMID:27474283

  13. Colorimetric and fluorescence quenching aptasensors for detection of streptomycin in blood serum and milk based on double-stranded DNA and gold nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Emrani, Ahmad Sarreshtehdar; Danesh, Noor Mohammad; Lavaee, Parirokh; Ramezani, Mohammad; Abnous, Khalil; Taghdisi, Seyed Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    Antibiotic residues in animal foodstuffs are of great concern to consumers. In this study, fluorescence quenching and colorimetric aptasensors were designed for detection of streptomycin based on aqueous gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). In the absence of streptomycin, aptamer/FAM-labeled complementary strand dsDNA is stable, resulting in the aggregation of AuNPs by salt and an obvious color change from red to blue and strong emission of fluorescence. In the presence of streptomycin, aptamer binds to its target and FAM-labeled complementary strand adsorbs on the surface of AuNPs. So the well-dispersed AuNPs remain stable against salt-induced aggregation with a wine-red color and the fluorescence of FAM-labeled complimentary strand is efficiently quenched by AuNPs. The colorimetric and fluorescence quenching aptasensors showed excellent selectivity toward streptomycin with limit of detections as low as 73.1 and 47.6 nM, respectively. The presented aptasensors were successfully used to detect streptomycin in milk and serum. PMID:26212949

  14. A simplified approach to the determination of N-nitroso glyphosate in technical glyphosate using HPLC with post-derivatization and colorimetric detection.

    PubMed

    Kim, Manuela; Stripeikis, Jorge; Iñón, Fernando; Tudino, Mabel

    2007-05-15

    A simple and sensitive HPLC post-derivatization method with colorimetric detection has been developed for the determination of N-nitroso glyphosate in samples of technical glyphosate. Separation of the analyte was accomplished using an anionic exchange resin (2.50mmx4.00mm i.d., 15mum particle size, functional group: quaternary ammonium salt) with Na(2)SO(4) 0.0075M (pH 11.5) (flow rate: 1.0mLmin(-1)) as mobile phase. After separation, the eluate was derivatized with a colorimetric reagent containing sulfanilamide 0.3% (w/v), [N-(1-naphtil)ethilendiamine] 0.03% (w/v) and HCl 4.5M in a thermostatized bath at 95 degrees C. Detection was performed at 546nm. All stages of the analytical procedure were optimized taking into account the concept of analytical minimalism: less operation times and costs; lower sample, reagents and energy consumption and minimal waste. The limit of detection (k=3) calculated for 10 blank replicates was 0.04mgL(-1) (0.8mgkg(-1)) in the solid sample which is lower than the maximum tolerable accepted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. PMID:19071724

  15. [Fe(CN)6]4- decorated mesoporous gelatin thin films for colorimetric detection and as sorbents of heavy metal ions.

    PubMed

    Shi, Li; Huang, Hubiao; Sun, Luwei; Lu, Yanping; Du, Binyang; Mao, Yiyin; Li, Junwei; Ye, Zhizhen; Peng, Xinsheng

    2013-09-28

    [Fe(CN)6](4-) decorated mesoporous gelatin films, acting as colorimetric sensors and sorbents for heavy metal ions, were prepared by incorporating [Fe(CN)6](4-) ions into the mesoporous gelatin films through electrostatic interaction. Gelatin-Prussian blue (PB) and gelatin-PB analogue composite films were successfully synthesized by immersing the [Fe(CN)6](4-) decorated gelatin films into aqueous solutions of metal ions, such as Fe(3+), Cu(2+), Co(2+), Pb(2+) and Cd(2+) (all as nitrates). The in situ formation process of PB or its analogues in the films was investigated using quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) measurements. According to the different colors of the PB nanoparticles and its analogues, the [Fe(CN)6](4-) decorated mesoporous gelatin films demonstrated colorimetric sensor abilities for detecting the corresponding metal ions by the naked eye with sufficient sensitivity at 1 ppm level and a quite short response time of 5 minutes. Moreover, due to the [Fe(CN)6](4-) functionality and other functional groups of gelatin itself, this [Fe(CN)6](4-) decorated mesoporous gelatin film shows a tens times higher adsorption ability for heavy metal ions in water than that of activated carbon. Due to both the efficient detection and high adsorption ability for heavy metal ions, this film has wide potential applications for the detection and purification of heavy metal ions from polluted water. PMID:23887280

  16. MicroRNA-triggered, cascaded and catalytic self-assembly of functional ``DNAzyme ferris wheel'' nanostructures for highly sensitive colorimetric detection of cancer cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Wenjiao; Liang, Wenbin; Li, Xin; Chai, Yaqin; Yuan, Ruo; Xiang, Yun

    2015-05-01

    The construction of DNA nanostructures with various sizes and shapes has significantly advanced during the past three decades, yet the application of these DNA nanostructures for solving real problems is still in the early stage. On the basis of microRNA-triggered, catalytic self-assembly formation of the functional ``DNAzyme ferris wheel'' nanostructures, we show here a new signal amplification platform for highly sensitive, label-free and non-enzyme colorimetric detection of a small number of human prostate cancer cells. The microRNA (miR-141), which is catalytically recycled and reused, triggers isothermal self-assembly of a pre-designed, G-quadruplex sequence containing hairpin DNAs into ``DNAzyme ferris wheel''-like nanostructures (in association with hemin) with horseradish peroxidase mimicking activity. These DNAzyme nanostructures catalyze an intensified color transition of the probe solution for highly sensitive detection of miR-141 down to 0.5 pM with the naked eye, and the monitoring of as low as 283 human prostate cancer cells can also, theoretically, be achieved in a colorimetric approach. The work demonstrated here thus offers new opportunities for the construction of functional DNA nanostructures and for the application of these DNA nanostructures as an effective signal amplification means in the sensitive detection of nucleic acid biomarkers.

  17. Direct Fast-Neutron Detection

    SciTech Connect

    DC Stromswold; AJ Peurrung; RR Hansen; PL Reeder

    2000-01-18

    Direct fast-neutron detection is the detection of fast neutrons before they are moderated to thermal energy. We have investigated two approaches for using proton-recoil in plastic scintillators to detect fast neutrons and distinguish them from gamma-ray interactions. Both approaches use the difference in travel speed between neutrons and gamma rays as the basis for separating the types of events. In the first method, we examined the pulses generated during scattering in a plastic scintillator to see if they provide a means for distinguishing fast-neutron events from gamma-ray events. The slower speed of neutrons compared to gamma rays results in the production of broader pulses when neutrons scatter several times within a plastic scintillator. In contrast, gamma-ray interactions should produce narrow pulses, even if multiple scattering takes place, because the time between successive scattering is small. Experiments using a fast scintillator confirmed the presence of broader pulses from neutrons than from gamma rays. However, the difference in pulse widths between neutrons and gamma rays using the best commercially available scintillators was not sufficiently large to provide a practical means for distinguishing fast neutrons and gamma rays on a pulse-by-pulse basis. A faster scintillator is needed, and that scintillator might become available in the literature. Results of the pulse-width studies were presented in a previous report (peurrung et al. 1998), and they are only summarized here.

  18. A highly selective colorimetric and "turn-on" fluorimetric chemosensor for detecting CN(-) based on unsymmetrical azine derivatives in aqueous media.

    PubMed

    Sun, You; Hu, Jing-Han; Qi, Jing; Li, Jian-Bin

    2016-10-01

    A novel highly selective chemosensor S1 for cyanide based on unsymmetrical azine derivative was successfully designed and synthesized, which showed both colorimetric and fluorescence turn-on responses for cyanide ions in aqueous. This structurally simple chemosensor could detect CN(-) anion over other anions in aqueous solution DMSO/H2O (v/v=3:2) undergo deprotonation reaction. Results showed that the chemosensor S1 exhibited 50 fold enhancement in fluorescence at 530nm and showed an obvious change in color from colorless to yellow that could be detected by naked eye under the UV-lamp after the addition of CN(-) in aqueous solution. Moreover, the detection limit on fluorescence response of the sensor to CN(-) is down to 6.17×10(-8)M by titration method. Test strips based on S1 were obtain, which could be used as a convenient and efficient CN(-) test kit to detect CN(-) in aqueous solution. PMID:27261890

  19. Surface-plasmon-based colorimetric detection of Cu(II) ions using label-free gold nanoparticles in aqueous thiosulfate systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tripathy, Suraj Kumar; Woo, Ju Yeon; Han, Chang-Soo

    2012-08-01

    We report colorimetric, label-free and non-aggregation-based gold nanoparticle (AuNP) probes for the highly selective detection of Cu(II) ions in aqueous environments. This detection scheme relies on the ability of Cu(II) ions to catalyze the leaching of gold at room temperature in the presence of thiosulfate species and ammonia. This simple and cost-effective probe provides rapid detection of Cu(II) ions at concentrations as low as 10 ppm. A similar detection method using AuNPs in ammonia-free thiosulfate solution is also viable at moderate reaction temperature (50 °C). The ammonia-free method also leads to marked damping and red-shifting of the surface plasmon resonance signal of the AuNP dispersion. The two methods clearly differ in the nature of the surface plasmon damping phenomenon, and their working mechanisms are plausibly explained based on the experimental investigations.

  20. Label-free colorimetric detection of mercury via Hg2+ ions-accelerated structural transformation of nanoscale metal-oxo clusters

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Kun; She, Shan; Zhang, Jiangwei; Bayaguud, Aruuhan; Wei, Yongge

    2015-01-01

    Mercury and its compounds are known to be extremely toxic but widely distributed in environment. Although many works have been reported to efficiently detect mercury, development of simple and convenient sensors is still longed for quick analyzing mercury in water. In this work, a nanoscale metal-oxo cluster, (n-Bu4N)2[Mo5NaO13(OCH3)4(NO)], (MLPOM), organically-derivatized from monolacunary Lindqvist-type polyoxomolybdate, is found to specifically react with Hg2+ in methanol/water via structural transformation. The MLPOM methanol solution displays a color change from purple to brown within seconds after being mixed with an aqueous solution containing Hg2+. By comparing the structure of polyoxomolybdate before and after reaction, the color change is revealed to be the essentially structural transformation of MLPOM accelerated by Hg2+. Based on this discovery, MLPOM could be utilized as a colorimetric sensor to sense the existence of Hg2+, and a simple and label-free method is developed to selectively detect aqueous Hg2+. Furthermore, the colorimetric sensor has been applied to indicating mercury contamination in industrial sewage. PMID:26559602

  1. Microfluidic Integration of a Cloth-Based Hybridization Array System (CHAS) for Rapid, Colorimetric Detection of Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) Using an Articulated, Centrifugal Platform.

    PubMed

    Geissler, Matthias; Clime, Liviu; Hoa, Xuyen D; Morton, Keith J; Hébert, Harold; Poncelet, Lucas; Mounier, Maxence; Deschênes, Mylène; Gauthier, Martine E; Huszczynski, George; Corneau, Nathalie; Blais, Burton W; Veres, Teodor

    2015-10-20

    We describe the translation of a cloth-based hybridization array system (CHAS), a colorimetric DNA detection method that is used by food inspection laboratories for colony screening of pathogenic agents, onto a microfluidic chip format. We also introduce an articulated centrifugal platform with a novel fluid manipulation concept based on changes in the orientation of the chip with respect to the centrifugal force field to time the passage of multiple components required for the process. The platform features two movable and motorized carriers that can be reoriented on demand between 0 and 360° during stage rotation. Articulation of the chip can be used to trigger on-the-fly fluid dispensing through independently addressable siphon structures or to relocate solutions against the centrifugal force field, making them newly accessible for downstream transfer. With the microfluidic CHAS, we achieved significant reduction in the size of the cloth substrate as well as the volume of reagents and wash solutions. Both the chip design and the operational protocol were optimized to perform the entire process in a reliable, fully automated fashion. A demonstration with PCR-amplified genomic DNA confirms on-chip detection and identification of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from colony isolates in a colorimetric multiplex assay using rfbO157, fliCH7, vt1, and vt2 genes. PMID:26416260

  2. A label-free colorimetric aptasensor for simple, sensitive and selective detection of Pt (II) based on platinum (II)-oligonucleotide coordination induced gold nanoparticles aggregation.

    PubMed

    Fan, Daoqing; Zhai, Qingfeng; Zhou, Weijun; Zhu, Xiaoqing; Wang, Erkang; Dong, Shaojun

    2016-11-15

    Herein, a gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) based label-free colorimetric aptasensor for simple, sensitive and selective detection of Pt (II) was constructed for the first time. Four bases (G-G mismatch) mismatched streptavidin aptamer (MSAA) was used to protect AuNPs from salt-induced aggregation and recognize Pt (II) specifically. Only in the presence of Pt (II), coordination occurs between G-G bases and Pt (II), leading to the activation of streptavidin aptamer. Streptavidin coated magnetic beads (MBs) were used as separation agent to separate Pt (II)-coordinated MSAA. The residual less amount of MSAA could not efficiently protect AuNPs anymore and aggregation of AuNPs will produce a colorimetric product. With the addition of Pt (II), a pale purple-to-blue color variation could be observed by the naked eye. A detection limit of 150nM and a linear range from 0.6μM to 12.5μM for Pt (II) could be achieved without any amplification. PMID:27281107

  3. Label-free colorimetric detection of mercury via Hg2+ ions-accelerated structural transformation of nanoscale metal-oxo clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Kun; She, Shan; Zhang, Jiangwei; Bayaguud, Aruuhan; Wei, Yongge

    2015-11-01

    Mercury and its compounds are known to be extremely toxic but widely distributed in environment. Although many works have been reported to efficiently detect mercury, development of simple and convenient sensors is still longed for quick analyzing mercury in water. In this work, a nanoscale metal-oxo cluster, (n-Bu4N)2[Mo5NaO13(OCH3)4(NO)], (MLPOM), organically-derivatized from monolacunary Lindqvist-type polyoxomolybdate, is found to specifically react with Hg2+ in methanol/water via structural transformation. The MLPOM methanol solution displays a color change from purple to brown within seconds after being mixed with an aqueous solution containing Hg2+. By comparing the structure of polyoxomolybdate before and after reaction, the color change is revealed to be the essentially structural transformation of MLPOM accelerated by Hg2+. Based on this discovery, MLPOM could be utilized as a colorimetric sensor to sense the existence of Hg2+, and a simple and label-free method is developed to selectively detect aqueous Hg2+. Furthermore, the colorimetric sensor has been applied to indicating mercury contamination in industrial sewage.

  4. Intrinsic peroxidase-like catalytic activity of nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots and their application in the colorimetric detection of H2O2 and glucose.

    PubMed

    Lin, Liping; Song, Xinhong; Chen, Yiying; Rong, Mingcong; Zhao, Tingting; Wang, Yiru; Jiang, Yaqi; Chen, Xi

    2015-04-15

    In this paper, the highly intrinsic peroxidase-like catalytic activity of nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots (N-GQDs) is revealed. This activity was greatly dependent on pH, temperature and H2O2 concentration. The experimental results showed that the stable N-GQDs could be used for the detection of H2O2 and glucose over a wide range of pH and temperature, offering a simple, highly selective and sensitive approach for their colorimetric sensing. The linearity between the analyte concentration and absorption ranged from 20 to 1170 μM for H2O2 and 25 to 375 μM for glucose with a detection limit of 5.3 μM for H2O2 and 16 μM for glucose. This assay was also successfully applied to the detection of glucose concentrations in diluted serum and fruit juice samples. PMID:25818144

  5. A rapid molecular diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis by colorimetric malachite green-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) combined with an FTA card as a direct sampling tool.

    PubMed

    Nzelu, Chukwunonso O; Cáceres, Abraham G; Guerrero-Quincho, Silvia; Tineo-Villafuerte, Edwin; Rodriquez-Delfin, Luis; Mimori, Tatsuyuki; Uezato, Hiroshi; Katakura, Ken; Gomez, Eduardo A; Guevara, Angel G; Hashiguchi, Yoshihisa; Kato, Hirotomo

    2016-01-01

    Leishmaniasis remains one of the world's most neglected diseases, and early detection of the infectious agent, especially in developing countries, will require a simple and rapid test. In this study, we established a quick, one-step, single-tube, highly sensitive loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for rapid detection of Leishmania DNA from tissue materials spotted on an FTA card. An FTA-LAMP with pre-added malachite green was performed at 64°C for 60min using a heating block and/or water bath and DNA amplification was detected immediately after incubation. The LAMP assay had high detection sensitivity down to a level of 0.01 parasites per μl. The field- and clinic-applicability of the colorimetric FTA-LAMP assay was demonstrated with 122 clinical samples collected from patients suspected of having cutaneous leishmaniasis in Peru, from which 71 positives were detected. The LAMP assay in combination with an FTA card described here is rapid and sensitive, as well as simple to perform, and has great potential usefulness for diagnosis and surveillance of leishmaniasis in endemic areas. PMID:26516109

  6. An integrated slidable and valveless microdevice with solid phase extraction, polymerase chain reaction, and immunochromatographic strip parts for multiplex colorimetric pathogen detection.

    PubMed

    Kim, Yong Tae; Lee, Dohwan; Heo, Hyun Young; Kim, Do Hyun; Seo, Tae Seok

    2015-11-01

    A total integrated genetic analysis microsystem was developed, which consisted of solid phase extraction (SPE), polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and immunochromatographic strip (ICS) parts for multiplex colorimetric detection of pathogenic Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7) on a portable genetic analyzer. Utilizing a slidable chamber, which is a movable glass wafer, complex microvalves could be eliminated for fluidic control in the microchannel, which could simplify the chip design and chip operation. The integrated slidable microdevice was composed of 4 layers: a 4-point Pt/Ti resistance temperature detector (RTD) wafer, a micro-patterned channel wafer, a 2 μL volume slidable chamber, and an ICS. The entire process from the DNA extraction in the SPE chamber to the detection of the target gene expression by the ICS was serially performed by simply sliding the slidable chamber from one part to another functional part. The total process for multiplex pathogenic S. aureus and E. coli O157:H7 detection on the integrated slidable microdevice was accomplished within 55 min with a detection limit of 5 cells. Furthermore, spiked bacteria samples in milk were also successfully analysed on the portable genetic analysis microsystem with sample-in-answer-out capability. The proposed total integrated microsystem is adequate for point-of-care DNA testing in that no microvalves and complex tubing systems are required due to the use of the slidable chamber and the bulky and expensive fluorescence or electrochemical detectors are not necessary due to the ICS based colorimetric detection. PMID:26394907

  7. Multifunctional Oval Shape Gold Nanoparticle Based Selective Detection of Breast Cancer Cells Using Simple Colorimetric and Highly Sensitive Two-Photon Scattering Assay

    PubMed Central

    Lu, Wentong; Arumugam, Sri Ranjini; Senapati, Dulal; Singh, Anant K.; Arbneshi, Tahir; Yu, Sadia Afrin Khan Hongtao; Ray, Paresh Chandra

    2010-01-01

    Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women and it is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in women today. The key to the effective and ultimately successful treatment of diseases such as cancer is an early and accurate diagnosis. Driven by the need, in this article, we report for the first time a simple colorimetric and highly sensitive two-photon scattering assay for highly selective and sensitive detection of breast cancer SK-BR-3 cell lines in 100-cells/ml level using multifunctional (monoclonal anti-HER2/c-erb-2 antibody and S6 RNA aptamers conjugated) oval shape gold nanoparticle based nanoconjugate. When multifunctional oval shape gold nanoparticles were mixed with breast cancer SK-BR-3 cell line, a distinct color change occurs and two-photon scattering intensity increases by about 13 times. Experimental data with HaCaT non-cancerous cell line, as well as with MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line clearly demonstrated that our assay was highly sensitive to SK-BR-3 and it was able to distinguish from other breast cancer cell line which expresses low levels of HER-2. The mechanism of selectivity and assay’s response change, have been discussed. Our experimental results reported here open up a new possibility of rapid, easy and reliable diagnosis of cancer cell lines by monitoring the colorimetric change and measuring TPS intensity from multifunctional gold nanosystems. PMID:20155973

  8. A new pyrene-based Schiff-base: A selective colorimetric and fluorescent chemosensor for detection of Cu(II) and Fe(III)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhorge, Yeshwant Ramchandra; Tsai, Haw-Tyng; Huang, Keh-Feng; Pape, Albert J.; Janaki, Sudhakar Narasimha; Yen, Yao-Pin

    2014-09-01

    A new receptor 1 was prepared, for the detection of Cu2+ and Fe3+ in solutions as a colorimetric and fluorescent sensor, respectively. Receptor 1 shows highly selective and sensitive recognition toward Cu2+ and Fe3+ by naked eye UV-Vis and fluorescent color changes in aqueous solution (DMSO/H2O = 8/2, v/v), respectively. The sensitivity toward Cu2+ or Fe3+ was not interfered with by the presence of other metal ions such as Mg2+, Cd2+, Ag+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Co2+, Mn2+, Cr3+, Ca2+, Na+, Pb2+, K+, Fe2+, Li+ and Hg2+ ions. Receptor 1 can be used for semi-quantitative recognition of Cu2+ ions at ppm level. The fluorescence microscopy experiments showed that the receptor is efficient for detection of Fe3+ in vitro, developing a good image of the biological organelles.

  9. Highly selective colorimetric detection and estimation of Hg2+ at nano-molar concentration by silver nanoparticles in the presence of glutathione

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alam, Ayesha; Ravindran, Aswathy; Chandran, Preethy; Sudheer Khan, S.

    2015-02-01

    The present study investigated the colorimetric detection of mercury (Hg2+) ions by using silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) in the presence of glutathione. The nanoparticles used in the study were synthesized biologically by using Polyalthia longifolia leaf extract. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by UV-visible spectrophotometer, transmission electron microscope, X-ray diffraction, particle size analyzer and zeta sizer. The particles were spherical in shape and it possesses the effective diameter of 5 nm. The zeta potential of the particles was determined to be -28.6 mV. Ag NPs-glutathione conjugates were able to detect Hg2+ in nanomolar level. Ag NPs-glutathione conjugates upon interaction with Hg2+ changes from yellowish brown to pale yellow and finally colorless. The study may be applied for the qualitative and quantitative estimation of mercury at very low concentration.

  10. Unusual sequence length-dependent gold nanoparticles aggregation of the ssDNA sticky end and its application for enzyme-free and signal amplified colorimetric DNA detection

    PubMed Central

    He, Hongfei; Dai, Jianyuan; Duan, Zhijuan; Zheng, Baozhan; Meng, Yan; Guo, Yong; Dan Xiao

    2016-01-01

    It is known that the adsorption of short single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) on unmodified gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) is much faster than that for long ssDNA, and thus leads to length-dependent AuNPs aggregation after addition of salt, the color of the solutions sequentially changed from red to blue in accordance with the increase of ssDNA length. However, we found herein that the ssDNA sticky end of hairpin DNA exhibited a completely different adsorption behavior compared to ssDNA, an inverse blue-to-red color variation was observed in the colloid solution with the increase of sticky end length when the length is within a certain range. This unusual sequence length-dependent AuNPs aggregation might be ascribed to the effect of the stem of hairpin DNA. On the basis of this unique phenomenon and catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) based signal amplification, a novel AuNPs-based colorimetric DNA assay with picomolar sensitivity and specificity was developed. This unusual sequence length-dependent AuNPs aggregation of the ssDNA sticky end introduces a new direction for the AuNPs-based colorimetric assays. PMID:27477392