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Sample records for dissection case noticed

  1. Spondylolisthesis mimicking the progression of dissection in a case of chronic Stanford type B aortic dissection.

    PubMed

    Göz, Mustafa; Torun, Mehmet Fuat; Mordeniz, Cengiz; Aydın, Mehmet Salih; Demirkol, Abbas Heval; Karabağ, Hamza

    2011-09-01

    Aortic dissection is an acute lethal cardiovascular condition. A 67-year-old hypertensive woman was admitted to our Emergency Department with an abrupt onset of tearing pain in the interscapular area. A thoracic computed tomography scan with contrast showed chronic type B aortic dissection. The patient was transferred to intensive care and medical therapy was initiated. Upon spread of the pain to the lumbar area, the dissection was thought to have progressed. The patient, being hemodynamically stable, was examined using ultrasonography, and the dissection did not show any progression. In the neurological examination for the lumbar pain, the lumbar processus spinosus was found to be sensitive, and the sciatic nerve stretch test was positive at 30 degrees. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed spondylolisthesis and a centrally located disc herniation at the L3-4 level. No operation for the dissection was planned, but discectomy and fusion surgery was scheduled. Since the patient refused surgery, she was discharged with medical therapy. Our aim in this report was to emphasize the importance of spondylolisthesis mimicking the progression of dissection in the differential diagnosis of a chronic type B aortic dissection case. PMID:22090335

  2. A unique case of isolated, spontaneous, symptomatic celiac trunk dissection

    PubMed Central

    Rockley, Mark; Panu, Anukul; Turnbull, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Cases of isolated spontaneous celiac trunk dissections have been appearing in the literature more recently with the increased availability of high-resolution computerized tomography angiograms. We report a unique case of this entity. A 48-year-old woman presented with acute abdominal pain that radiated to the back and worsened with breathing. This was diagnosed as a celiac trunk dissection by computerized tomography angiogram. She was treated conservatively with antihypertensive medications, anticoagulants, and opioid medication for pain control. PMID:27489674

  3. Unusual Case of Overt Aortic Dissection Mimicking Aortic Intramural Hematoma

    PubMed Central

    Disha, Kushtrim; Kuntze, Thomas; Girdauskas, Evaldas

    2016-01-01

    We report an interesting case in which overt aortic dissection mimicked two episodes of aortic intramural hematoma (IMH) (Stanford A, DeBakey I). This took place over the course of four days and had a major influence on the surgical treatment strategy. The first episode of IMH regressed completely within 15 hours after it was clinically diagnosed and verified using imaging techniques. The recurrence of IMH was detected three days thereafter, resulting in an urgent surgical intervention. Overt aortic dissection with evidence of an intimal tear was diagnosed intraoperatively. PMID:27066437

  4. Three cases of cervicocephalic artery dissection in an amusement park.

    PubMed

    Kurita, Naohide; Ueno, Yuji; Watanabe, Masao; Miyamoto, Nobukazu; Shimura, Hideki; Nonaka, Senshu; Tsutsumi, Satoshi; Yasumoto, Yukimasa; Hattori, Nobutaka; Urabe, Takao

    2014-01-01

    About 20 cases of cerebrovascular accidents in amusement parks have been documented. However, only a few cases of amusement park stroke (APS) after roller coaster rides have been reported. Here, we present triggers of stroke, clinical characteristics, and the angiographic appearance of 3 consecutive patients of APS. Their clinical characteristics included young age, absence of atherosclerotic risk factors, and severe injuries. Serial changes in angiographic appearance led to the diagnosis of cervicocephalic artery dissection (CAD). Patients A and B were diagnosed with isolated middle cerebral artery (MCA) dissection, and patient C was diagnosed with internal carotid artery dissection involving MCA dissection. Running excitedly toward an attraction in patient A, a go-kart ride in patient B, and riding in an enhanced motion vehicle in patient C were considered as the likely triggers for APS. We had specific cases with APS associated with CAD, which can occur under diverse contexts other than roller coaster rides at amusement parks. Our findings suggest that the variable directions of the high gravitational forces induced by vehicle riding or running excitedly might injure the MCA or internal carotid artery, and thereby cause CAD in the amusement park. PMID:25263648

  5. Dissection Dissected.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berman, William

    1984-01-01

    Discusses the role of dissection in science courses, examining essential lessons students can learn (such as developing an abiding respect for all forms of life, including the animal being dissected). Also presents a list of tips related to classroom dissection and comments on formaldehyde and formalin substitutes. (JN)

  6. Dissecting Dissection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    AV Magazine, 1996

    1996-01-01

    This journal features articles covering various aspects of dissection. "Biology--The Study of Life" (George Russell) offers students experiments that do not require using invasive procedures. "Animal Cruelty--Behind the Scenes" (Zoe Weil) describes sources of laboratory animals. "Doing without Dissection" (Juliana Texley) discusses objections over…

  7. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection: a case series and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Garcia, Nelson A. Telles; Khan, Abul N.; Boppana, Ratna C.; Smith, Hayden L.

    2014-01-01

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare and often lethal cause of acute coronary syndrome, which typically affects young women and otherwise healthy individuals. SCAD can be diagnosed in patients undergoing coronary angiography and can be underestimated. Special techniques such as optical coherence tomography (OCT) and intravascular ultrasound should be used when there is suspicion of the condition. In the majority of cases, the left anterior descending (LAD) artery is involved; however, a few cases of the right coronary artery (RCA) involvement have been reported. This article describes three cases of SCAD in women of different ages, all presenting with chest pain. Coronary angiography in conjunction with OCT was used for diagnosis in two of the cases. One of the patients had involvement of the proximal RCA and underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, whereas the other two patients had mid-LAD disease and were treated conservatively with medical therapy. Presently, there are no specific guidelines for the treatment of SCAD, and therapy is individualized according to extent and severity of the condition. PMID:25317273

  8. Dissection of the extracranial vertebral artery: report of four cases and review of the literature.

    PubMed Central

    Hinse, P; Thie, A; Lachenmayer, L

    1991-01-01

    Four cases of cervical vertebral artery (VA) dissection are reported. In three patients VA dissection was associated with neck trauma. All patients were young or middle-aged (range 27 to 49 years). In two there was a history of migraine. Pain preceded neurological symptoms from hours to six weeks. Three patients had neurological deficits including elements of the lateral medullary syndrome, and one experienced recurrent transient ischaemic attacks in the vertebrobasilar territory. Angiographic findings included irregular stenosis, occlusion and pseudoaneurysm; in two patients VA abnormalities were bilateral. All patients were treated with anticoagulants and improved. In a review of 28 cases with traumatic dissection and 29 cases with spontaneous dissection of the VA reported in the literature, distinct clinical and angiographic features emerge. Aetiology remains obscure in most cases of spontaneous dissection and management is still controversial. Images PMID:1744639

  9. [Spontaneous dissection of the internal carotid artery: description of a case with lower cranial nerve palsy].

    PubMed

    Macarini, Luca; Zeppa, Pio; Genovese, Eugenio Annibale; Scialpi, Michele; Raucci, Antonio

    2012-11-01

    Spontaneous dissection of the extracranial internal carotid artery is a well recognized cause of headache and juvenile stroke; lower cranial nerve palsy as a complication of dissection is rare. We report the case of a female patient with bilateral dissecting aneurysm of the internal carotid artery, associated with unilateral cranial nerve XII palsy and oculosympathetic palsy. Neuroradiological findings, in particular those obtained by Magnetic Resonance imaging, allow the identification of the dissecting pathology and the correlation of the aneurysmal formation with nerve palsy. PMID:23096747

  10. Brainstem infarction in a patient with internal carotid dissection and persistent trigeminal artery: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background The primitive trigeminal artery (PTA) is the most commonly described fetal anastomosis between the carotid and vertebrobasilar circulations. Case presentation We report a 42-year-old patient presenting with internal carotid dissection, and imaging features of brainstem infarction. Conclusion Based on the imaging studies we presume occlusive carotid dissection with extensive thrombosis within a persistent trigeminal artery as the cause of this brainstem ischemia. PMID:20598138

  11. Dissecting cellulitis in a white male: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Stites, P C; Boyd, A S

    2001-01-01

    Dissecting cellulitis is an uncommon, chronic, progressive suppurative disease of unknown etiology. It is characterized by painful papules and nodules, interconnecting sinus tracts, purulent drainage, and scarring alopecia. This disease predominately affects young black men, but is rarely reported in white males. The refractory nature of this process makes treatment difficult. We report a case of dissecting cellulitis in a white male, which responded to oral isotretinoin. PMID:11204602

  12. Paraplegic Neurodeficit Management Post Endovascular Graft: A Rare Case of Aortic Dissection

    PubMed Central

    Kanse, Vilas Yadavarao; Chongtham, Dhanaraj Singh; Nemichandra, S C; Salam, Kenny Singh

    2013-01-01

    Acute aortic dissection is a catastrophic episode that usually presents as a sudden, painful, ripping sensation in the chest or back. It is associated with neurologic sequelae in as many as one-third of patients. We report a case of aortic dissection, presenting as acute paraplegia. A 50-year-old patient presented to us with chief complaints of paraplegia and back pain. On examination, strength was 5/5 in both upper extremities and 0/5 in both lower extremities. Deep tendon reflexes were absent in her legs. CT angiogram of aorta Aortic Dissection Stanford type B / De-Bakey type –III. Patient was treated with endovascular graft for aortic dissection, paraplegia recovered completely. PMID:24298506

  13. [Traumatic dissection of the internal carotid artery by a safety belt: a report of two cases].

    PubMed

    López-Sánchez, M; Ballesteros-Sanz, M A; Pérez-Ceballos, A; González-Fernández, C; López-Espadas, F

    2009-10-01

    Traumatic internal carotid artery dissection secondary to blunt trauma is a rare event accounting for 0.08 to 0.4% of all traumatic lesions. The spectrum of traumatic lesions that can affect the internal carotid artery includes minor lesions like spasm, intimal tears, or mural contusions and serious lesions like pseudoaneurysms and complete occlusion. Delayed clinical presentation is typical and can include headache, hemiparesis, partial Horner's syndrome, and cranial nerve palsy. Embolization secondary to the dissection can have devastating effects because it may cause ischemic stroke. Traumatic internal carotid artery dissection after safety belt trauma is very rare; it is usually due to direct cervical trauma on the side of the shoulder fixation point, which causes external bruising along the pathway of the safety belt. We present two cases of traumatic internal carotid artery dissection with concomitant cerebral infarcts caused by safety belts; we discuss the clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic aspects of this lesion. PMID:19828398

  14. TREATMENT OF A CEREBRAL DISSECTING ANEURYSM IN ANTERIOR CIRCULATION: REPORT OF 11 SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE CASES

    PubMed Central

    OYAMA, HIROFUMI; KITO, AKIRA; MAKI, HIDEKI; HATTORI, KENICHI; NODA, TOMOYUKI; WADA, KENTARO

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT This report presents 8 cases of internal carotid artery aneurysms, 1 case of a middle cerebral artery aneurysm, and 2 cases of anterior cerebral artery aneurysms, together with a discussion of the treatment of aneurysms in anterior circulation. All cases showed subarachnoid hemorrhage. Two of the 8 internal carotid artery aneurysms were trapped with a low-flow bypass; however, both patients died of an immediate hemodynamic infarction or vasospasm-induced infarction. Five of the 8 internal carotid artery aneurysms were trapped after revascularization with high flow bypass. Four of those patients were self-supporting at discharge, but one patient was discharged in a vegetative state due to the sacrifice of arterial branches which were included in the dissecting portion. One case of the dissecting aneurysm in the M2 portion of the middle cerebral artery was trapped after low-flow bypass. This patient was self-supporting at discharge. In 2 cases of anterior cerebral artery aneurysms, the lesions were first wrapped with Bemsheets, and then the aneurysmal clip was applied on the wrapped dome. Trapping following high-flow bypass is the best method for treating a dissecting aneurysm in the internal carotid artery. Trapping also can be used to treat a dissecting aneurysm of the middle cerebral artery, after low-flow bypass. Clipping on the wrapped aneurysm can also be performed successfully in the anterior cerebral artery aneurysm. PMID:23092105

  15. Role of transesophageal echocardiography: A rare case of acute left atrial free wall dissection

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, G. Anil; Nandakumar, N. M.; Sudhir, B. V.; Pasarad, Ashwini Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has been used routinely in the diagnosis and follow-up of cardiac cases. Left atrial dissection (LAd), an exceedingly rare complication of cardiac surgery, is most commonly associated with mitral valve surgery. A case of LAd is presented, and the pathology was accurately defined and immediately diagnosed using intraoperative TEE. This case highlights the importance of prompt diagnosis of LAd using intraoperative TEE, and a second cardiac surgery was avoided. PMID:26440252

  16. Spontaneous internal carotid dissection in a 38-year-old woman: a case report.

    PubMed

    Abed, Kareem; Misra, Amit; Vankawala, Viren

    2015-01-01

    This case report describes a patient found to have amaurosis fugax as a result of non-traumatic internal carotid dissection. Monocular blindness can be due to multiple causes including keratitis, acute glaucoma, vitreous hemorrhage, uveitis, retinal vascular occlusion, retinal detachment, optic neuropathy, trauma, or vascular malformations. In the setting of headache, neck pain, and an otherwise normal ophthalmic examination, this case report highlights the importance of recognizing transient ischemic attack and carotid artery dissection in the differential diagnosis. To further clarify the diagnosis, carotid ultrasound may aid diagnosis as was seen in this case, where decreased internal carotid artery velocities were found and subsequent CT angiography of the neck confirmed a diagnosis of carotid dissection. If a dissection is present, progression of symptoms may indicate impending cerebral infarction and warrant immediate attention. Antiplatelet therapy is the first-line treatment with anticoagulation, thrombolysis, and surgery reserved for cases of recurrent, progressive symptomatic episodes. Surgical options include endovascular repair such as angioplasty, stent placement, embolization, surgical revascularization, and bypass. PMID:26486115

  17. Dissecting cellulitis of the scalp with associated spondylarthropathy: case report and review.

    PubMed

    Salim, A; David, J; Holder, J

    2003-11-01

    Arthritis is a well-recognized but uncommon accompaniment to several chronic cutaneous inflammatory conditions in which severe acne is one component. We report the case of a man with dissecting cellulitis of the scalp who developed severe peripheral and axial arthritis. PMID:14761139

  18. Aortic Dissection as a Cause of Pulsus Bisferiens: A Case Report and Review.

    PubMed

    Riojas, Christina M; Dodge, Angela; Gallo, Dominic R; White, Paul W

    2016-01-01

    We present a case of a 62-year-old woman who developed an aortic dissection after aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis and supracoronary replacement of the ascending aorta for aneurysmal dilation. Dynamic compression of the distal aorta by the dissection flap was identified with the detection of abnormal continuous wave Doppler signals heard while performing ankle-brachial indices. Duplex ultrasound (US) and Doppler spectral waveforms confirmed dynamic compression of the distal aorta with each cardiac cycle. We review some of the characteristics of continuous wave Doppler signals, specifically discussing the distinguishing characteristics of pulsus bisferiens, and the use of duplex US in imaging the distal aorta. PMID:26520426

  19. Dissecting cellulitis of the scalp treated with rifampicin and isotretinoin: case reports.

    PubMed

    Georgala, Sofia; Korfitis, Chrysovalantis; Ioannidou, Dikaia; Alestas, Theodosis; Kylafis, Georgios; Georgala, Caterina

    2008-09-01

    Dissecting cellulitis of the scalp, or perifolliculitis capitis abscedens et suffodiens, is an uncommon chronic suppurative disease of the scalp manifested by follicular and perifollicular inflammatory nodules that suppurate and undermine, forming intercommunicating sinuses, and leading to scarring alopecia. Treatment generally fails to obtain a permanently successful result; thus, many therapeutic options have been proposed. We report 4 cases of dissecting cellulitis of the scalp successfully treated with oral rifampicin and oral isotretinoin. To our knowledge, this is the first report of oral rifampicin used concomitantly with oral isotretinoin in this disease entity. We also present a brief review of the literature on the topic. PMID:18856159

  20. Internal carotid artery dissection in stroke from SCUBA diving: a case report.

    PubMed

    Gibbs, J W; Piantadosi, C A; Massey, E W

    2002-01-01

    Although diving with compressed air is generally safe, neurological problems resulting from infarction in SCUBA diving are well known, including arterial gas embolism and decompression sickness (caisson's disease, bends) involving the brain and spinal cord. While air gas embolism forms the overwhelming majority of causes for stroke in divers, internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection is another potential mechanism for central nervous system infarction in the setting of SCUBA diving. A 38 year-old female, who presented with complaints of headache, nausea, vomiting, and left sided hemiparesis after rapid ascent to the surface from a depth of 120 feet of seawater was initially treated for decompression illness in a hyperbaric chamber. Further neurological workup revealed a right ICA dissection. This case demonstrates the dangers of ICA dissection following rapid ascent to the surface from underwater and emphasizes an interesting presentation of stroke associated with SCUBA diving. PMID:12670119

  1. Aortic dissection presenting as acute subtotal left main coronary artery occlusion: a case approach and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Ruisi, Michael; Fallahi, Arzhang; Lala, Moinakhtar; Kanei, Yumiko

    2015-05-01

    Aortic dissection is the most common fatal condition of the aorta, yet it is often missed on initial clinical presentation. Aortic dissection associated with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is relatively rare, but if it occurs, it can be diagnostically challenging, and the condition can be fatal. Here we describe a case of aortic dissection presenting as ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) managed via the transradial approach. We describe the current literature on the subject. PMID:25780485

  2. Aortic Dissection Presenting as Acute Subtotal Left Main Coronary Artery Occlusion: A Case Approach and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Ruisi, Michael; Fallahi, Arzhang; Lala, Moinakhtar; Kanei, Yumiko

    2015-01-01

    Aortic dissection is the most common fatal condition of the aorta, yet it is often missed on initial clinical presentation. Aortic dissection associated with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is relatively rare, but if it occurs, it can be diagnostically challenging, and the condition can be fatal. Here we describe a case of aortic dissection presenting as ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) managed via the transradial approach. We describe the current literature on the subject. PMID:25780485

  3. Aortic Dissection Caused by Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: 2 New Case Reports and Detailed Analysis of 86 Previous Cases

    PubMed Central

    Bajaj, Sharad; Shamoon, Fayez

    2016-01-01

    Aortic dissection, a rare sequela of percutaneous coronary intervention, can be fatal when it is not recognized and treated promptly. Treatment varies from conservative management to invasive aortic repair and revascularization. We report the cases of 2 patients whose aortic dissection was caused by percutaneous coronary intervention. In addition, we present detailed analyses of 86 previously reported cases. Aortic dissection was most often seen during intervention to the right coronary artery (in 76.7% of instances). The 2 most frequently reported causes were catheter trauma (in 54% of cases) and balloon inflation (in 23.8%). The overall mortality rate was 7.1%. We conclude that most patients can be treated conservatively or by means of stenting alone, with no need for surgical intervention. PMID:27047287

  4. Perigastric Abscess as a Complication of Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection for Early Gastric Cancer: First Case Report.

    PubMed

    Jung, Ji Yun; Kim, Joon Sung; Kim, Byung Wook; Park, Sung Min; Kim, Gi Jun; Ryu, Seung Ji; Kim, Young Wook; Ji, Jeong Seon; Choi, Hwang

    2016-03-01

    Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer (EGC) is a widely accepted and well established procedure because of its curative potential and low invasiveness compared with surgery. Perforation is a potential major complication during ESD, and non-surgical treatments such as endoscopic closure with clips are sufficient in most cases. Here, we report a case of perigastric abscess that occurred as a complication of ESD for EGC. The patient improved with administration of antibiotics without surgical intervention. PMID:26996184

  5. Posterior atlantoaxial fusion as treatment option for extracranial vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Ikeda, Naokado; Hayashi, Hideki; Goto, Masanori; Satoi, Hitoshi; Iwasaki, Koichi; Toda, Hiroki

    2016-09-01

    Symptomatic extracranial vertebral artery (VA) dissection may need surgery. We describe such a case successfully treated with atlantoaxial fusion based on its rare dynamic angiographic findings. A 27-year-old woman suffered from repeated brainstem and cerebellar infarctions from a left extracranial VA dissecting aneurysm. Dynamic angiography showed the dissecting aneurysm of the V3 segment in the neutral head position, and deflation of the aneurysm during rightward head rotation. She underwent posterior atlantoaxial fusion, and the lesion was repaired with no subsequent ischemia. Posterior atlantoaxial fusion can be an option for some extracranial VA dissections with preserving its anterograde blood flow. PMID:27383200

  6. Aortic dissection.

    PubMed

    Nienaber, Christoph A; Clough, Rachel E; Sakalihasan, Natzi; Suzuki, Toru; Gibbs, Richard; Mussa, Firas; Jenkins, Michael T; Thompson, Matt M; Evangelista, Arturo; Yeh, James S M; Cheshire, Nicholas; Rosendahl, Ulrich; Pepper, John

    2016-01-01

    Aortic dissection is a life-threatening condition caused by a tear in the intimal layer of the aorta or bleeding within the aortic wall, resulting in the separation (dissection) of the layers of the aortic wall. Aortic dissection is most common in those 65-75 years of age, with an incidence of 35 cases per 100,000 people per year in this population. Other risk factors include hypertension, dyslipidaemia and genetic disorders that involve the connective tissue, such as Marfan syndrome. Swift diagnostic confirmation and adequate treatment are crucial in managing affected patients. Contemporary management is multidisciplinary and includes serial non-invasive imaging, biomarker testing and genetic risk profiling for aortopathy. The choice of approach for repairing or replacing the damaged region of the aorta depends on the severity and the location of the dissection and the risks of complication from surgery. Open surgical repair is most commonly used for dissections involving the ascending aorta and the aortic arch, whereas minimally invasive endovascular intervention is appropriate for descending aorta dissections that are complicated by rupture, malperfusion, ongoing pain, hypotension or imaging features of high risk. Recent advances in the understanding of the underlying pathophysiology of aortic dissection have led to more patients being considered at substantial risk of complications and, therefore, in need of endovascular intervention rather than only medical or surgical intervention. PMID:27440162

  7. Guide catheter-induced aortic dissection complicated by pericardial effusion with pulsus paradoxus: a case report of successful medical management.

    PubMed

    Fiddler, Magdalene; Avadhani, Sriya A; Marmur, Jonathan D

    2015-01-01

    Aortic dissection is a rare but potentially fatal complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Management strategies of PCI induced dissection are not clearly identified in literature; such occurrences often mandate surgical repair of the aortic root with reimplantation of the coronary arteries. Another trend seen in case reports is the use of coronary-aortic stenting if such lesions permit. Several factors impact the management decision including the hemodynamic stability of the patient; mechanism of aortic injury; size, severity, and direction of propagation of the dissection; presence of an intimal flap; and preexisting atherosclerotic disease. We describe a case of a 65-year-old woman who underwent PCI for a chronic right coronary artery (RCA) occlusion, which was complicated by aortic dissection and pericardial effusion. Our case report suggests that nonsurgical management may also be appropriate for PCI induced dissections, and potentially even those associated with new pericardial effusion. PMID:25685153

  8. Intramyocardial dissection with concomitant left ventricular aneurysm as a rare complication of myocardial infarction: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Chang-Cheng; Wang, Liang-Shan; Su, Zhao-Ping; Zhao, Ying; Gu, Cheng-Xiong

    2016-01-01

    We describe a rare case of a 60-year-old woman suffering from intramyocardial dissection and left ventricular aneurysm secondary to acute myocardial infarction. A rare form of ventricular septal rupture resulted from intramyocardial dissection deterioration, which was identified during echocardiographic follow-up. Surgical repair under beating-heart cardiopulmonary bypass was successful.

  9. A Case of Acute Ischemic Duodenal Ulcer Associated with Superior Mesenteric Artery Dissection After Transarterial Chemoembolization for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

    SciTech Connect

    Jang, Eun Sun; Jeong, Sook-Hyang Kim, Jin Wook; Lee, Sang Hyub; Yoon, Chang Jin; Kang, Sung Gwon

    2009-03-15

    We report a case of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE)-related acute ischemic duodenal ulcer that developed in association with dissection of the superior mesenteric artery. We conclude that the acute duodenal ulcer was developed by ischemia related to superior mesenteric artery dissection during TACE. TACE should be conducted carefully with continuous observation of abdominal arteries.

  10. Intramyocardial dissection with concomitant left ventricular aneurysm as a rare complication of myocardial infarction: a case report.

    PubMed

    Liu, Chang-Cheng; Wang, Liang-Shan; Su, Zhao-Ping; Zhao, Ying; Gu, Cheng-Xiong

    2016-07-01

    We describe a rare case of a 60-year-old woman suffering from intramyocardial dissection and left ventricular aneurysm secondary to acute myocardial infarction. A rare form of ventricular septal rupture resulted from intramyocardial dissection deterioration, which was identified during echocardiographic follow-up. Surgical repair under beating-heart cardiopulmonary bypass was successful. PMID:27605945

  11. Delayed esophageal perforation occurring with endoscopic submucosal dissection: A report of two cases.

    PubMed

    Matsuda, Yasuhiro; Kataoka, Naoki; Yamaguchi, Tomoyuki; Tomita, Masafumi; Sakamoto, Kazuki; Makimoto, Shinichiro

    2015-07-27

    We report two cases of delayed esophageal perforation occurring with endoscopic submucosal dissection. Our cases involved delayed perforation after 10 d in case 1 and after 6 d in case 2. Both cases were related to solid food. We performed subtotal esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction of the esophagus via the subcutaneous route anterior to the thoracic wall without conservative treatment because both cases involved chest pain and major leakage of food into the mediastinum. Postoperative complications were a local factor (including suture failure and esophageal stricture) in case 1, and we performed endoscopic balloon dilatation five times for esophageal stricture. There was no intrathoracic and mediastinal infection in either case. Surgical treatment for delayed esophageal perforation can be performed safely and surely if diagnosis and assessment are not delayed. PMID:26225195

  12. Congenital contractural arachnodactyly complicated with aortic dilatation and dissection: Case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Takeda, Norifumi; Morita, Hiroyuki; Fujita, Daishi; Inuzuka, Ryo; Taniguchi, Yuki; Imai, Yasushi; Hirata, Yasunobu; Komuro, Issei

    2015-10-01

    Congenital contractural arachnodactyly (CCA) is a connective tissue disease caused by mutations of the FBN2, which encodes fibrillin-2. CCA patients have a marfanoid habitus; however, aortic dilatation and/or dissection as observed in Marfan syndrome have been rarely documented. Here, we report on a Japanese familial case of CCA resulting from a FBN2 splicing mutation (IVS32+5g→a), which leads to exon 32 being skipped, and the patients developed aortic dilatation and type A dissection. Although CCA patients have been believed to have favorable prognoses, repetitive aortic imaging studies must be performed in some patients to detect possible aortic disease early, and genetic testing of FBN2 might be useful to identify such high-risk patients. PMID:25975422

  13. A surgical case of paraclinoid carotid aneurysm associated with ipsilateral cervical internal carotid artery dissection.

    PubMed

    Takeuchi, Satoru; Wada, Kojiro; Sakakibara, Fumihiro; Mori, Kentaro

    2012-01-01

    This report presents a 60-year-old with a large paraclinoid carotid aneurysm associated with cervical interal carotid artery (ICA) dissection (CICAD). She had a fall while riding a bicycle and hit her head on the ground. Computed tomography scan done at another facility showed a round mass lesion near the sella. Her medical history revealed gradual decrease in left eye vision since two years. Left carotid artery digital subtraction angiography demonstrated a CICAD with an intimal flap and a large paraclinoid aneurysm (15.5 mm in size). She underwent a high-flow bypass with a so-called double-insurance bypass and proximal ligation of the cervical ICA and the postoperative course was uneventful. She was discharged without any new neurological deficits. We suggest that the possible nature of carotid artery dissection (CAD)-related hemodynamic changes should be taken into consideration in cases of intracranial aneurysm associated with CAD. PMID:23135031

  14. A Rare Case of Pulmonary Artery Dissection Associated With Infective Endocarditis

    PubMed Central

    Shi, Xiaoqing; Wang, Xiaoqin; Wang, Chuan; Zhou, Kaiyu; Li, Yifei; Hua, Yimin

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Pulmonary artery dissection (PAD) is a rare condition with high mortality and has not been reported in patient with infective endocarditis (IE). Here, we report the first case of such patient who experienced PDA and survived after surgical intervention. A 10-year-old female child was diagnosed as IE with a patent ductus arteriosis (PDA) and a vegetation on the left side of pulmonary artery trunk (10 × 5 mm2). Following 3-week antibacterial treatment, the body temperature of patient returned to normal, and the size of vegetation reduced (7 × 3 mm2). However, the patient had a sudden attack of sustained and crushing right chest pain, orthopnea with increasing respiratory rate (> 60/min), and acute high fever. Echocardiography revealed the detachment of vegetation on the first day and dissection of pulmonary artery on the next day. The patient received immediate surgical intervention. It was found that aneurysm had a size of 28 × 20 mm2 and its orifice (the dissecting site) located on the opposite side of the PDA opening (right side of the pulmonary artery trunk). The dissected left wall of pulmonary artery trunk was reconstructed followed by the closure of PDA with suture. The patient recovered uneventfully. From this case, we learned that the surgical intervention should be considered at an early time for IE patients who have a vegetation in pulmonary artery and PDA. After the infection is under control, the earlier surgery may prevent severe complications. PMID:27175632

  15. A Rare Case of Pulmonary Artery Dissection Associated With Infective Endocarditis.

    PubMed

    Shi, Xiaoqing; Wang, Xiaoqin; Wang, Chuan; Zhou, Kaiyu; Li, Yifei; Hua, Yimin

    2016-05-01

    Pulmonary artery dissection (PAD) is a rare condition with high mortality and has not been reported in patient with infective endocarditis (IE). Here, we report the first case of such patient who experienced PDA and survived after surgical intervention.A 10-year-old female child was diagnosed as IE with a patent ductus arteriosis (PDA) and a vegetation on the left side of pulmonary artery trunk (10 × 5 mm). Following 3-week antibacterial treatment, the body temperature of patient returned to normal, and the size of vegetation reduced (7 × 3 mm). However, the patient had a sudden attack of sustained and crushing right chest pain, orthopnea with increasing respiratory rate (> 60/min), and acute high fever. Echocardiography revealed the detachment of vegetation on the first day and dissection of pulmonary artery on the next day. The patient received immediate surgical intervention. It was found that aneurysm had a size of 28 × 20 mm and its orifice (the dissecting site) located on the opposite side of the PDA opening (right side of the pulmonary artery trunk). The dissected left wall of pulmonary artery trunk was reconstructed followed by the closure of PDA with suture. The patient recovered uneventfully.From this case, we learned that the surgical intervention should be considered at an early time for IE patients who have a vegetation in pulmonary artery and PDA. After the infection is under control, the earlier surgery may prevent severe complications. PMID:27175632

  16. [A Ruptured Vertebral Artery Dissecting Aneurysm Involving the Anterior Spinal Artery:A Case Report].

    PubMed

    Tomura, Nagatsuki; Kono, Kenichi; Okada, Hideo; Yoshimura, Ryo; Shintani, Aki; Tanaka, Yuko; Terada, Tomoaki

    2016-07-01

    A 50-year-old woman presented with a subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by a ruptured vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm(VADA)involving the anterior spinal artery(ASA). The ASA branched at the proximal component of the dissecting aneurysm. The rupture point was presumed to be the distal region of the dissecting aneurysm. We performed coil embolization of the distal part only in order to prevent rebleeding and preserve the ASA. The patient showed no neurological deficits. Six months after the procedure, an angiogram demonstrated occlusion of a distal portion of the right vertebral artery. However, the ASA was still patent. No rebleeding occurred, and the patient has remained neurologically symptom-free for 3 years from the treatment. ASA-involved VADAs are extremely rare. Treatment strategy is difficult because there are no options for bypass surgery and occlusion of the ASA may lead to quadriplegia unless there is collateral flow to the ASA. Although the outcome of the patient was good with partial coil embolization in this case, the treatment strategy should be carefully considered for ASA-involved VADAs. PMID:27384118

  17. Case report of using curved tip electrothermal bipolar coagulation to improve hilar dissection in VATS lobectomy

    PubMed Central

    Fikfak, Vid; Gaur, Puja; Chan, Edward Y.; Kim, Min P.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Thoracoscopic lobectomy has gained a pivotal role in the resection of lung cancer. To facilitate the minimally invasive approach, new surgical devices have been developed to help improve the feasibility of performing complex cases. Recently, we adopted the use of a 5 mm curved tip electrothermal bipolar sealing device. Presentation of case We highlight two patients with different type of hilum during VATS lobectomy. First patient had a peripheral lung cancer with simple hilum while second patient had bronchiectasis with very complex hilum. In both cases, use of 5 mm curved tip electrothermal bipolar sealing device helped in successful completion of video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy. Discussion In these two cases, we were able to take advantage of the 5 mm curved tip electrothermal bipolar sealing device in completion of the hilar dissection. Conclusion Curved tip electrothermal bipolar sealing device allows complete dissection of hilar structures more easily during a lobectomy for simple and complex hilum. Use of this device may lead to more efficient VATS lobectomy. PMID:27100955

  18. A Case of Sudden Death in Decameron IV.6: Aortic Dissection or Atrial Myxoma?

    PubMed

    Toscano, Fabrizio; Spani, Giovanni; Papio, Michael; Rühli, Frank J; Galassi, Francesco M

    2016-07-01

    Giovanni Boccaccio's Decameron contains a novella that details the sudden death of a young man called Gabriotto, including a portrayal of the discomfort that the protagonist experienced and a rudimentary autopsy performed by local physicians. The intriguing description of symptoms and pathologies has made it possible to read a 7-century-old case through the modern clinical lens. Thanks to the medical and philological analysis of the text-despite the vast difference between modern and medieval medicine-2 hypothetical diagnoses have emerged: either an aortic dissection or an atrial myxoma. PMID:27390329

  19. A case of an occlusive right coronary artery dissection after stent implantation: dilemmas and challenges.

    PubMed

    Panoulas, Vasileios F; Figini, Filippo; Giustino, Gennaro; Carlino, Mauro; Chieffo, Alaide; Latib, Azeem; Colombo, Antonio

    2015-01-01

    A 53-year-old man with stable angina had a staged percutaneous coronary intervention to a critical focal stenosis of the mid-segment of the right coronary artery (RCA). Two hours after successful RCA stent implantation, the patient re-presented with inferior ST elevation secondary to acute dissection originating at the distal edge of the stent, causing subtotal occlusion of the distal RCA. The patient had TIMI-2 flow in the posterolateral branch and occlusion of the posterior descending artery. This case describes the procedural challenges the operators were faced with and successful use of the "rescue STAR" technique as a last resort. PMID:25589705

  20. Acute, proximal aortic dissection with negative D-Dimer assay and normal portable chest radiograph: a case report.

    PubMed

    Thota, Darshan; Zanoni, Steve; Mells, Cary; Auten, Jonathan D

    2015-01-01

    Acute aortic dissection is one of the most devastating and time-sensitive diagnosis to consider in young adults with chest pain. Military medicine is represented by a larger proportion of 18- to 50-year-old individuals than is seen in the general medical population. Although uncommon in frequency, younger patients are more likely to suffer from proximal, aortic dissections. Chest radiographs and D-Dimer assays are used frequently as risk stratification tools, but have significant limitations in these more proximal dissections. Because of the frequency and lethality of nonspecific presentations, there exists a need for a sensitive screening tool. This case report presents a 43-year-old male with a concerning history and physical examination for aortic dissection, but a normal portable chest radiograph and a normal D-Dimer assay. It highlights the importance of clinical acumen in developing and maintaining a high clinical index of suspicion based on a Bayesian pretest probability model. PMID:25562879

  1. Primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus treated by endoscopic submucosal dissection: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Mei; Chen, Jianping; Sun, Kewen; Zhuang, Yun; Xu, Fu; Xu, Bin; Zhang, Hongyu; Li, Qing; Zhang, Dachuan

    2016-01-01

    Primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus (PMME) is a rare malignant neoplasm of the esophagus. In the majority of cases, the disease originates in the mucosal layer of the esophagus, which is similar to other types of esophageal cancer. With the development of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), endoscopic resection is possible for cases in which melanomas are limited to the mucosal and submucosal layer. However, few studies report the efficiency of ESD for PMME, and no studies perform long-term follow-up. The present study reported the case of a 71-year-old PMME patient who was successfully treated by ESD at The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University (Changzhou, China) in Otober 2011, with a follow-up of >3 years conducted. PMID:27602062

  2. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection: Case series from two institutions with literature review.

    PubMed

    Uribe, Carlos Esteban; Ramirez-Barrera, Juan David; Rubio, Carlos; Gallegos, Cesia; Ocampo, Luz Adriana; Saldarriaga, Clara; Eusse, Carlos; Tenorio, Carlos; Lopez, Nilson; Moreno, Andres; Jaramillo, Natalia Gonzalez; Chehrazi-Raffle, Alexander Morteza; Singh, Vikas; Martinez-Clark, Pedro

    2015-05-01

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Consequently, its presentation and optimal treatment are yet to be clearly defined. In the current literature, all case series report less than 50 patients, most of whom are either young peripartum women or women who have used oral contraceptives over long periods. All information in this study was compiled by the database service from two hospitals, the first one between 2003 and 2012 and the second one between 2007 and 2012, to include the clinical characteristics, angiography. and treatment approaches in the study population. The study population consisted in four women (50%) and four men (50%) whose ages ranged between 28 and 57 years. Two women had a history of oral contraceptive use and three women presented during peripartum. None of the patients had traditional cardiovascular risk factors or previous heart disease. In 88% of the cases, the principal diagnoses were non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction and unstable angina. All patients underwent emergency coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention. Half of them were treated with drug-eluting stents and the other half with bare metal stents. The most frequent type of dissection was NIHBL Type E, and the right coronary artery was the most frequently compromised. SCAD is a rare cause of ACS; however, its identification has improved due to the availability of angiography and new complementary techniques. Regarding treatment, PCI seems effective with adequate long-term results. PMID:25993713

  3. Efficacy of octreotide against chylothorax following lateral neck dissection for thyroid cancer: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Hayashibara, Noriaki; Ogawa, Toshihisa; Tsuji, Eiichi; Ishizuna, Kazuo

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Postsurgical chylothorax is a rare complication of cervical dissection for thyroid cancer. We report that octreotide, a synthetic analog of somatostatin, is effective in treating chylothorax after thyroid carcinoma surgery. Presentation of case The patient was a 48-year-old woman who presented to our institution complaining of a left anterior cervical mass. We diagnosed this as thyroid papillary carcinoma and performed a subtotal excision of the thyroid gland with left cervical lymph node dissection. The patient developed dyspnea, and a chest X-ray revealed bilateral chylothorax on Day 4 post-surgery. Octreotide was administered since bilateral chylothorax was noted. A marked decrease in chyle effusion was noted just 3 days after starting octreotide, and after a total of 9 days of treatment, there were no further signs of chylous effusion. Discussion Octreotide is effective against postsurgical chylothorax; however, if there are no signs of improvement, we believe surgical treatment should be considered. Conclusion Octreotide should be administered first to treat postsurgical chylothorax before surgical treatment is considered. PMID:26963261

  4. Bilateral internal carotid artery dissection associated with prior syphilis: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Marangi, Antonio; Moretto, Giuseppe; Cappellari, Manuel; Micheletti, Nicola; Tomelleri, Giampaolo; Bovi, Paolo

    2016-01-01

    Bilateral internal carotid artery dissection is a rare entity, and its presentation may include cerebral ischemia. We describe the case of a 69-year-old man with ischemic stroke and radiological evidence of intimal flap of both internal carotid arteries suggestive for dissection. During the hospitalization, our patient was found positive for a previous syphilis infection. We conducted a review of the literature, with evidence of a few cases of ischemic stroke presumably related to a prior syphilis. The absence of major cardiovascular risk factors in our patient leads us to believe that an etiopathogenetic link may exist between these two conditions. PMID:27354805

  5. The dissection of reinforced endotracheal tube internal wall causing intraoperative airway obstruction under general anesthesia. Case report.

    PubMed

    Mercanoglu, Esra; Topuz, Derya; Kaya, Nur

    2013-01-01

    Endotracheal intubation is performed to establish a secure airway. However, this carries its risks and obstruction of an endotracheal tube (ETT) is a potentially life-threatening event. We report two cases with an obstruction of the resterilized, single use, spiral, reinforced endotracheal tubes by dissection of the internal wall. As a conclusion, we suggest not reusing and resterilizing single tubes in these cases to avoid a complication like dissection of the internal wall of the tube, as this has been the main cause. PMID:24565248

  6. The dissection of reinforced endotracheal tube internal wall causing intraoperative airway obstruction under general anesthesia: case report.

    PubMed

    Mercanoglu, Esra; Topuz, Derya; Kaya, Nur

    2013-01-01

    Endotracheal intubation is performed to establish a secure airway. However, this carries its risks and obstruction of an endotracheal tube (ETT) is a potentially life-threatening event. We report two cases with an obstruction of the resterilized, single use, spiral, reinforced endotracheal tubes by dissection of the internal wall. As a conclusion, we suggest not reusing and resterilizing single tubes in these cases to avoid a complication like dissection of the internal wall of the tube, as this has been the main cause. PMID:23931255

  7. Bilateral internal carotid artery dissection associated with prior syphilis: a case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Marangi, Antonio; Moretto, Giuseppe; Cappellari, Manuel; Micheletti, Nicola; Tomelleri, Giampaolo; Bovi, Paolo

    2016-01-01

    Bilateral internal carotid artery dissection is a rare entity, and its presentation may include cerebral ischemia. We describe the case of a 69-year-old man with ischemic stroke and radiological evidence of intimal flap of both internal carotid arteries suggestive for dissection. During the hospitalization, our patient was found positive for a previous syphilis infection. We conducted a review of the literature, with evidence of a few cases of ischemic stroke presumably related to a prior syphilis. The absence of major cardiovascular risk factors in our patient leads us to believe that an etiopathogenetic link may exist between these two conditions. PMID:27354805

  8. Acquired infantile Horner syndrome and spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection: a case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Pirouzian, Amir; Holz, Huck A; Ip, Kenneth C; Sudesh, Rattehalli

    2010-04-01

    Horner syndrome, a triad of ptosis, anisocoria, and anhidrosis, results from interruption in the oculosympathetic pathway. It is classically described as either congenital or acquired to depict its underlying pathophysiology and requisite work-up. We report a case of a 10-month-old infant presenting with an acute onset of left Horner syndrome secondary to a spontaneous extracranial internal carotid artery dissection. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report in the literature of acute onset of acquired infantile Horner syndrome in association with spontaneous carotid artery dissection confirmed with magnetic resonance angiogram. PMID:20451860

  9. A Case Based Approach to Clinical Genetics of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm/Dissection.

    PubMed

    Giusti, Betti; Nistri, Stefano; Sticchi, Elena; De Cario, Rosina; Abbate, Rosanna; Gensini, Gian Franco; Pepe, Guglielmina

    2016-01-01

    Thoracic aortic aneurysm/dissection (TAAD) is a potential lethal condition with a rising incidence. This condition may occur sporadically; nevertheless, it displays familial clustering in >20% of the cases. Family history confers a six- to twentyfold increased risk of TAAD and has to be considered in the identification and evaluation of patients needing an adequate clinical follow-up. Familial TAAD recognizes a number of potential etiologies with a significant genetic heterogeneity, in either syndromic or nonsyndromic forms of the manifestation. The clinical impact and the management of patients with TAAD differ according to the syndromic and nonsyndromic forms of the manifestation. The clinical management of TAAD patients varies, depending on the different forms. Starting from the description of patient history, in this paper, we summarized the state of the art concerning assessment of clinical/genetic profile and therapeutic management of TAAD patients. PMID:27314043

  10. A Case Based Approach to Clinical Genetics of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm/Dissection

    PubMed Central

    Giusti, Betti; Nistri, Stefano; Sticchi, Elena; De Cario, Rosina; Abbate, Rosanna; Gensini, Gian Franco; Pepe, Guglielmina

    2016-01-01

    Thoracic aortic aneurysm/dissection (TAAD) is a potential lethal condition with a rising incidence. This condition may occur sporadically; nevertheless, it displays familial clustering in >20% of the cases. Family history confers a six- to twentyfold increased risk of TAAD and has to be considered in the identification and evaluation of patients needing an adequate clinical follow-up. Familial TAAD recognizes a number of potential etiologies with a significant genetic heterogeneity, in either syndromic or nonsyndromic forms of the manifestation. The clinical impact and the management of patients with TAAD differ according to the syndromic and nonsyndromic forms of the manifestation. The clinical management of TAAD patients varies, depending on the different forms. Starting from the description of patient history, in this paper, we summarized the state of the art concerning assessment of clinical/genetic profile and therapeutic management of TAAD patients. PMID:27314043

  11. Dissecting the Dissection

    PubMed Central

    Sherif, Hisham M.F.

    2015-01-01

    Aortic dissection remains one of the most devastating diseases. Current practice guidelines provide diagnostic and therapeutic interventions based primarily on the aortic diameter. The level of evidence supporting these recommendations is Level C or “Expert Opinion” Since aortic dissection is a catastrophic structural failure, its investigation along the guidelines of accident investigation may offer a useful alternative, utilizing process mapping and root-cause analysis methodology. Since the objective of practice guidelines is to address the risk of serious events, on the utilization of a probabilistic predictive modeling methodology, using bioinformatics tools, may offer a more comprehensive risk assessment. PMID:27069940

  12. Fracture of the clavicle following radical neck dissection and postoperative radiotherapy: a case report and review of the literature

    SciTech Connect

    Strauss, M.; Bushey, M.J.; Chung, C.; Baum, S.

    1982-11-01

    The treatment of head and neck cancer with radiotherapy and radical neck dissection has many recognized complications. Radiotherapy in therapeutic doses can produce devascularization and weakening of bone. Radical neck dissection results in altered mechanics of the shoulder girdle and a disruption of normally balanced forces acting on the clavicle. An unusual case of clavicle fracture which is considered to have resulted from an interaction of the effects of these therapies is discussed. An approach for recognizing and distinguishing this entity by its time course, and radiographic and nuclide bone scan appearance is presented.

  13. Inflammatory tinea capitis mimicking dissecting cellulitis in a postpubertal male: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Stein, Loretta L; Adams, Erin G; Holcomb, Katherine Z

    2013-09-01

    Tinea capitis in postpubertal patients is unusual and may be misdiagnosed as dissecting cellulitis. We report a case of a healthy 19-year-old Hispanic male presenting with a 2-month history of a large, painful subcutaneous boggy plaque on the scalp with patchy alopecia, erythematous papules, cysts and pustules. Although initially diagnosed as dissecting cellulitis, potassium hydroxide evaluation (KOH preparation) of the hair from the affected region was positive. A punch biopsy of the scalp demonstrated endothrix consistent with tinea capitis, but with a brisk, deep mixed inflammatory infiltrate as can be seen with chronic dissecting cellulitis. Fungal culture revealed Trichophyton tonsurans, and a diagnosis of inflammatory tinea capitis was made. The patient was treated over the course of 17 months with multiple systemic and topical antifungal medications, with slow, but demonstrable clinical and histopathological improvement. A rare diagnosis in adults, clinicians should have a high index of suspicion for this condition in an adult with an inflammatory scalp disorder not classic for dissecting cellulitis or with a recalcitrant dissecting cellulitis. Prompt, appropriate diagnosis and treatment is necessary to prevent the long-term complications of scarring alopecia. PMID:23582018

  14. Endovascular repair of a type B aortic dissection with a right-sided aortic arch: case report

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Right-sided aortic arch is a rare anomaly, and aortic dissection involving a right-sided aortic arch is extremely rare. We report the case of a 65-year-old man with a right-sided aortic arch and a right descending aortic dissection and a stent-graft was accurately deployed without perioperative complications. There were no any complaints and complications after 18 months follow-up. The CTA demonstrated that the false lumen was largely thrombosed only with a mild type II endoleak and a mild descending aortic expansion. We feel that endovascular repair is feasible to patient of type B aortic dissection with a right-sided aortic arch. However, long-term clinical efficacy and safety have yet to be confirmed. PMID:23343010

  15. A Case of Isolated Celiac Artery Dissection Accompanied by Splenic Infarction Detected by Ultrasonography in the Emergency Department

    PubMed Central

    Emori, Kazumasa; Takeuchi, Nobuhiro; Soneda, Junichi

    2016-01-01

    A 46-year-old male with a history of hypertension visited the emergency department (ED) by ambulance complaining of sudden pain in the left side of his back. Ultrasonography (USG) performed at ED revealed splenic infarction along with occlusion and dissection of the celiac and splenic arteries without abdominal artery dissection. Contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed the same result. Consequently, spontaneous isolated celiac artery dissection (SICAD) was diagnosed. Because his blood pressure was high (159/70 mmHg), antihypertensive medicine was administered (nicardipine and carvedilol). After his blood reached optimal levels (130/80 mmHg), symptoms disappeared. Follow-up USG and contrast enhanced CT performed 8 days and 4 months after onset revealed amelioration of splenic infarction and improvement of the narrowed artery. Here, we report a case of SICAD with splenic infarction presenting with severe left-sided back pain and discuss the relevance of USG in an emergency setting. PMID:27148460

  16. Management of fulminant dissecting cellulitis of the scalp in the pediatric population: Case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Arneja, Jugpal S; Vashi, Christopher N; Gursel, Eti; Lelli, Joseph L

    2007-01-01

    A case of fulminant dissecting cellulitis of the scalp in a fifteen-year-old African American male is reported. The presentation was refractory to standard medical treatment such that treatment required radical subgaleal excision of the entire hair-bearing scalp. Reconstruction was in the form of split-thickness skin grafting at the level of the pericranium following several days of vacuum-assisted closure dressing to promote an acceptable wound bed for skin grafting and to ensure appropriate clearance of infection. Numerous nonsurgical modalities have been described for the treatment of dissecting cellulitis of the scalp, with surgical intervention reserved for patients refractory to medical treatment. The present paper reports a fulminant form of the disease in an atypical age of presentation, adolescence. The pathophysiology, etiology, natural history, complications and treatment options for dissecting cellulitis of the scalp are reviewed, and the authors suggest this method of treatment to be efficacious for severe presentations refractory to medical therapy. PMID:19554179

  17. A Case of Isolated Celiac Artery Dissection Accompanied by Splenic Infarction Detected by Ultrasonography in the Emergency Department.

    PubMed

    Emori, Kazumasa; Takeuchi, Nobuhiro; Soneda, Junichi

    2016-01-01

    A 46-year-old male with a history of hypertension visited the emergency department (ED) by ambulance complaining of sudden pain in the left side of his back. Ultrasonography (USG) performed at ED revealed splenic infarction along with occlusion and dissection of the celiac and splenic arteries without abdominal artery dissection. Contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed the same result. Consequently, spontaneous isolated celiac artery dissection (SICAD) was diagnosed. Because his blood pressure was high (159/70 mmHg), antihypertensive medicine was administered (nicardipine and carvedilol). After his blood reached optimal levels (130/80 mmHg), symptoms disappeared. Follow-up USG and contrast enhanced CT performed 8 days and 4 months after onset revealed amelioration of splenic infarction and improvement of the narrowed artery. Here, we report a case of SICAD with splenic infarction presenting with severe left-sided back pain and discuss the relevance of USG in an emergency setting. PMID:27148460

  18. Intramural oesophageal dissection as an unusual presentation of chest pain: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Mizumoto, Ryo; Van Rooyen, Henk

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Intramural oesophageal dissection (IOD) is a rare clinical condition and there is a paucity of information regarding the appropriate diagnosis and management. It is described as bleeding in the submucosal plane of the oesophagus, and has various documented causes. Presentation of case We report a case of a 73 year old female who developed IOD. She presented with severe chest pain. Subsequent imaging revealed IOD and haematoma formation. This was confirmed on oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD). She was on a bisphosphonate for her osteoporosis, as well as having age-related dysmotility of her oesophagus on manometric studies. She was also taking fish oil. Treatment was conservative and the patient was discharged with proton pump inhibitors and follow up. Discussion Spontaneous haematoma formation and IOD resulted likely from a combination of the anticoagulant effect of fish oil and oesophageal dysmotility. Bisphosphonates also have some well documented gastrointestinal side effects involving mucosal damage. The possibility that the concurrent use of bisphosphonate led to a pre-existing ulcer which could have contributed to the development of IOD in this patient should be considered. Conclusion spontaneous IOD can occur in elderly patients who are anticoagulated. Fish oil has not been previously reported as having an association with IOD. This is the first known reported case of spontaneous IOD occurring in association with concurrent use of a bisphosphonate and fish oil. IOD is a rare disorder, and any anticoagulated patients presenting with severe chest pain may need careful investigation prior to definitive management. PMID:26904189

  19. Survival with Collateral Circulation after Gastrointestinal Ischemia Caused by Aortic Dissection: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Kusumoto, Eiji; Endo, Kazuya; Ota, Mitsuhiko; Tsutsumi, Norifumi; Hashimoto, Kenkichi; Egashira, Akinori; Sakaguchi, Yoshihisa; Kusumoto, Tetsuya; Ikejiri, Koji

    2015-07-01

    We report a case of a 43-year-old man who presented with gradually intensifying abdominal pain of acute onset and was shown by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) examination to have acute aortic dissection (Stanford type B). A diagnosis of gastrointestinal necrosis was made and he underwent emergency surgery. At laparoscopy, he was found to have no superior mesenteric arterial pulse and intestinal necrosis from the upper jejunum to the right transverse colon. Resection of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) perfusion area was performed. Postoperatively, ischemia in the perfusion area of the celiac artery was also diagnosed, manifesting as gallbladder necrosis, portal vein gas accompanying gastric wall necrosis, perforation of the remaining upper jejunum, and hepatic and splenic infarction. However, development of a collateral circulation originating in the left colic branch of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) enabled retrograde provision of blood to the celiac artery through the SMA pancreaticoduodenal arcade. Thus, in this case, spontaneous development of a natural bypass created a new route for arterial perfusion, contributing to the patient's survival. When ischemia of the celiac artery and SMA perfusion areas occur, collateral circulation can develop from the IMA. PMID:26462314

  20. Vertebral artery dissection due to an esophageal foreign body migration: a case report.

    PubMed

    Benmansour, Najib; Ouattassi, Naouar; Benmlih, Amine; Elalami, Mohamed Noureddine

    2014-01-01

    Unintentional foreign bodies' swallowing is a fairly common occurrence in ENT consultation especially among children. They usually pass through the gastrointestinal tract without complications. Migration of a foreign body through the esophageal wall is rare. It represents about 1% to 4% of all cases of foreign bodies' ingestion. A 16 year's old female patient has presented to ENT emergency with a painful dysphagia following an accidental ingestion of a metallic pin. Cervical X ray confirmed the presence of the pin while endoscopic investigations have shown no foreign body. Cervical CT scan revealed the migration of the foreign body through the esophageal wall with left vertebral artery dissection. Endoscopic management has been sufficient with an uneventful post operative follow up. Esophageal foreign bodies are very diverse mainly dominated by fish bones (60%) and chicken bones (16%). Metallic pins are rare. The major risks of migration of those foreign bodies are cervical abscess, mediastinitis and oeso-vascular fistulae. Cases of self extrusion through the skin have been reported. Migration of a foreign body through the esophageal wall is rare. Endoscopic management has been sufficient. PMID:25018833

  1. Vertebral artery dissection due to an esophageal foreign body migration: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Benmansour, Najib; Ouattassi, Naouar; Benmlih, Amine; Elalami, Mohamed Noureddine

    2014-01-01

    Unintentional foreign bodies‘ swallowing is a fairly common occurrence in ENT consultation especially among children. They usually pass through the gastrointestinal tract without complications. Migration of a foreign body through the esophageal wall is rare. It represents about 1% to 4% of all cases of foreign bodies‘ ingestion. A 16 year's old female patient has presented to ENT emergency with a painful dysphagia following an accidental ingestion of a metallic pin. Cervical X ray confirmed the presence of the pin while endoscopic investigations have shown no foreign body. Cervical CT scan revealed the migration of the foreign body through the esophageal wall with left vertebral artery dissection. Endoscopic management has been sufficient with an uneventful post operative follow up. Esophageal foreign bodies are very diverse mainly dominated by fish bones (60%) and chicken bones (16%). Metallic pins are rare. The major risks of migration of those foreign bodies are cervical abscess, mediastinitis and oeso-vascular fistulae. Cases of self extrusion through the skin have been reported. Migration of a foreign body through the esophageal wall is rare. Endoscopic management has been sufficient. PMID:25018833

  2. Digital imaging of the dissection and sexual abuse of a corpse - an exceptional case of necrophilia.

    PubMed

    Bauer, Martin; Tatschner, Thomas; Patzelt, Dieter

    2007-05-01

    Regular necrophilia refers to the sexually motivated abuse of corpses and is not considered as severe crime in many western countries. However, the risk of "switching" to necrophilic homicides, i.e., committing a homicide to obtain a dead body, has to be assessed by forensic experts. We present a case of semi-professional dissection, preservation and sexual abuse of the body and body parts of a 14-year-old girl. Every step was documented by the offender on thousands of digital images thus allowing an exact reconstruction of necrophilic acts and fantasies. Three months after the disappearance of the body the remains could be recovered and linked to the deceased by pathological examination and DNA analysis. The offender had excessively used the internet for downloading files with sadistic and necrophilic contents including autopsy instructions. The psychiatric examination of the socially integrated and married patient revealed a severe personality disorder. Two other, previously unsolved cases could be attributed to him showing a clear progression of fantasies and acts. PMID:17157546

  3. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection in a young man with a factor v leiden gene mutation: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Khan, Tahir; Danyi, Peter; Topaz, On; Ali, Asghar; Jovin, Ion S

    2013-12-01

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare but increasingly recognized cause of acute myocardial ischemia in young adults, especially in women. We report a case of spontaneous coronary dissection in a young healthy man who was also a carrier of the factor V Leiden gene mutation. PMID:24436622

  4. A case of anterior cerebral artery dissection caused by scuba diving.

    PubMed

    Fukuoka, Takuya; Kato, Yuji; Ohe, Yasuko; Deguchi, Ichiro; Maruyama, Hajime; Hayashi, Takeshi; Tanahashi, Norio

    2014-08-01

    A 51-year-old man was admitted with right hemiparesis during scuba diving, without headache. Brain magnetic resonance (MR) imaging depicted high-intensity areas in the left superior frontal and cingulate gyri on diffusion-weighted imaging. Dissection of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) was detected using axial MR angiography and 3-dimensional MR cisternography. Dissection of the ACA during and after scuba diving has not been reported before. Dissection of the arteries should be included in the differential diagnosis when neurologic symptoms occur both during and after scuba diving, even if the patient does not experience headache. Furthermore, the combination of MR cisternography and MR angiography is useful to detect ACA dissection. PMID:24784014

  5. The importance of clinical suspicion in the diagnosis of a successfully managed case with De Bakey Type 1 acute aortic dissection: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Salman, A. Ebru; Çeliksoy, Muzaffer; Yetişir, Fahri; Atasoy, Şevket; Katırcıoğlu, Fehmi

    2014-01-01

    Type 1 aortic dissection is a catastrophic clinical entity originating from the ascending aorta. Clinical suspicion in patients with epigastric pain, chest pain and gastrointestinal symptoms might be life saving. Aortic dissection and acute mesenteric ischemia might be confusing in diagnosis of patients with epigastric pain, chest pain, gastrointestinal symptoms and high white blood cell count and D-dimer. In this case report of a patient who was admitted to the emergency room with a presentation resembling acute mesenteric ischemia, this diagnosis was excluded within the first 24 hours as a result of clinical suspicion. In this case report, the successful management in diagnosis and treatment of a 30-year-old male patient with type 1 aortic dissection is discussed in light of the literature. PMID:25931881

  6. A major pain in the … Back and epigastrium: an unusual case of spontaneous celiac artery dissection

    PubMed Central

    Patel, Kumkum Sarkar; Benshar, Orel; Vrabie, Raluca; Patel, Anik; Adler, Marc; Hines, George

    2014-01-01

    A 60-year-old woman with mitral valve prolapse, chronic low back pain, and a 30-pack year smoking history presented for a second admission of poorly controlled mid-back pain 10 days after her first admission. She had concomitant epigastric pain, sharp/burning in quality, radiating to the right side and to the mid-back, not associated with food nor improving with pain medications. She denied nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, dark stools, or blood per rectum. Our purpose was to determine the cause of the patient's epigastric pain. Physical examination revealed epigastric and mid-back tenderness on palpation. Labs were normal except for a hemoglobin drop from 14 to 12.1 g/dL over 2 days. Abdominal ultrasound and subsequent esophagogastroduodenoscopy were normal. Contrast-enhanced abdominal computed tomographic (CT) scan revealed the development of a spontaneous celiac artery dissection as the cause of the epigastric pain. The patient was observed without stenting and subsequent CT angiography 4 days later did not reveal worsening of the dissection. She was discharged on aspirin and clopidogrel with outpatient follow-up. Thus far, less than 100 cases of isolated spontaneous celiac artery dissections have been reported. The advent of CT scans and magnetic resonance imaging has increasingly enabled its detection. Risk factors may include hypertension, arteriosclerosis, smoking, and cystic medial necrosis. There is a 5:1 male to female ratio with an average presenting age of 55. Management of dissections may include surgical repair, endovascular stenting, and selective embolization. Limited dissections can be managed conservatively with anti-platelet and/or anticoagulation agents and strict blood pressure control, as done in our patient. PMID:25432642

  7. Celiac trunk and branches dissection due to energy drink consumption and heavy resistance exercise: case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    González, Wilma; Altieri, Pablo I; Alvarado, Enrique; Banchs, Héctor L; Colón, Edgar; Escobales, Nelson; Crespo, María

    2015-01-01

    Higher doses and consumption of energy drinks leads to cardiovascular effects and potential consequences. Principal components found in energy drinks such as caffeine, guarana and taurine has been related to dilatation, aneurysm formation, dissection and ruptures. There is no evidence showing an integration of these components and its effects in endothelium and aortic walls due to higher levels of pressure during exercises. We report a case of a 44 years male with celiac trunk and branches dissection due to long-term consumption of energy drinks and intense exercise routine. Our proposition relates cell and vessel walls alterations including elasticity in endothelial wall due to higher blood pressure, resistance by intense exercise routine and long-term consumption of energy drinks. PMID:26035983

  8. Immediate surgery for acute internal carotid artery dissection and thrombosis during filter deployment prior to stenting: a case report.

    PubMed

    Tolva, V; Bertoni, G B; Bianchi, P G; Keller, G C; Casana, R

    2013-08-01

    Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is a validated option in the treatment of selected extracranial carotid artery stenosis. Carotid artery dissection during CAS is a rare but potentially devastating complication. We report a case of acute dissection and thrombosis of the left internal carotid artery during filter tip wire engaging maneuvers, complicated by intraoperative complete blindness of the left eye. Immediate conversion to carotid endarterectomy was performed under general anesthesia with electroencephalographic monitoring. The patient was discharged home symptomless and remains asymptomatic eight months after the operation, with normal left internal carotid patency and fully recovered eyesight. In conclusion, the management of acute carotid occlusion during CAS requires emergent evaluation and definitive endovascular or open surgical repair to minimize neurologic morbidity. We advocate that all endovascular procedures are carried out in a well-established surgical environment. PMID:23579380

  9. Prevalence of Post-tonsillectomy Bleeding as Day-case Surgery with Combination Method; Cold Dissection Tonsillectomy and Bipolar Diathermy Hemostasis

    PubMed Central

    Faramarzi, Abolahassan; Heydari, Seyed Taghi

    2010-01-01

    Objective Post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage remains an important factor in determining the safety of performing tonsillectomy as a day case procedure. The aim of this study was to determine the safety of day case tonsillectomy by using combination method, cold dissection tonsillectomy and bipolar diathermy hemostasis. Methods A prospective randomized clinical study conducted on the patients who had undergone day case tonsillectomy (DCT). There were two groups (DCT and control group) each group consisting of 150 cases. Tonsillectomy was performed by using combination method; cold dissection and hemostasis was achieved by ligation of vessels with bipolar electerocautery. Findings We found 3 cases of post-tonsillectomy bleeding in DCT group and 4 cases in the control group. There was no statistically significant difference in the rate of post-operative hemorrhage between the two groups. Conclusion The findings suggest the safety of the combination of cold dissection tonsillectomy and bipolar diathermy hemostasis as day case tonsillectomy. PMID:23056702

  10. A case of dissecting cellulitis and a review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Scheinfeld, Noah S

    2003-02-01

    Dissecting cellulitis (also called perifolliculitis capitis abscedens et suffodiens) manifests with perifollicular pustules, nodules, abscesses and sinuses that evolve into scarring alopecia. It predominantly occurs in African American men between 20-40 years of age, but can occasionally affect other races and women too. Associated musculoskeletal findings are sometimes reported. When it occurs with acne conglobata, hidradenitis suppurativa, and pilonidal cysts, the syndrome is referred to as the follicular occlusion triad or tetrad. Its course is chronic and relapsing, and treatment is often difficult. Medical therapies include isotretinoin, antibiotics, and prednisone. Destructive therapies include X-ray therapy, surgical excision, and skin grafting. Laser epilation of hair follicles is a promising new therapy for dissecting cellulitis. PMID:12639466

  11. Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography of Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Torres-Ayala, Stephanie C.; Maldonado, Jose; Scott Bolton, J.; Bhalla, Sanjeev

    2015-01-01

    Patient: Male, 23 Final Diagnosis: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection Symptoms: Chest discomfort • chest pain Medication: — Clinical Procedure: Coronary computed tomography angiography Specialty: Radiology Objective: Rare disease Background: Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) has gained wide acceptance in the evaluation of the cardiovascular system. Of particular clinical interest is its ability to non-invasively evaluate coronary arteries in patients presenting to the emergency room. In acute coronary syndromes, myocardial ischemia is most often caused by atherosclerosis. We present a case of a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome, spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD), which was initially evaluated with MDCT and followed by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and invasive coronary angiography (ICA). We discuss the findings and role of each modality with particular attention to coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) in the diagnosis and management of SCAD. As the use of CCTA in the emergency department continues to rise, radiologists must become familiar with CT appearance of SCAD. Case Report: We report the multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and invasive coronary angiography (ICA) findings in a case of spontaneous coronary artery dissection of the left anterior descending artery in a previously healthy 23-year-old man. The role of coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) in diagnosis and management of this potentially life-threatening condition is discussed. Conclusions: In the clinical setting of acute coronary syndrome, SCAD must be a consideration, particularly in young patients without clear risk factors for coronary artery disease and in women in the peripartum period. CCTA is a very helpful diagnostic tool to diagnose the condition in a non-invasive manner and to follow up after treatment. PMID:25738889

  12. Successful treatment of recalcitrant dissecting cellulitis of the scalp with ALA-PDT: case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Liu, Ye; Ma, Ying; Xiang, Lei-Hong

    2013-12-01

    A case of refractory dissecting cellulitis of the scalp (DCS) in a forty-one-year-old Chinese female patient was treated with a total of 6 sessions of topical ALA-PDT at one week intervals. The patient tolerated and responded well to this new approach without any adverse events. This suggested that topical ALA-PDT could be an effective and safe alternative for DCS patients who were refractory to other conventional therapies. We also reviewed etiology, pathophysiology, natural history and treatment options for DCS. PMID:24284093

  13. Epstein-Barr virus-associated lymphoepithelioma-like early gastric carcinomas and endoscopic submucosal dissection: case series.

    PubMed

    Lee, Ji Young; Kim, Kyoung-Mee; Min, Byung-Hoon; Lee, Jun Haeng; Rhee, Poong-Lyul; Kim, Jae Jun

    2014-02-01

    Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphoepithelioma-like gastric carcinoma (LELC) is characterized by a lower lymph node (LN) metastasis rate and a higher survival rate than other forms of gastric cancer. Although current prognosis for LELC is favorable, the most common approach is radical gastrectomy involving an extensive D2 lymph node dissection. Here, we report four cases of EBV-associated early LELC that were treated by an alternative approach, endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). The long-term outcome of this procedure is discussed. All patients were treated by ESD en bloc, and all ESD specimens showed tumor-free lateral resection margins. None of the lesions showed lymphovascular invasion. A pathological examination of ESD specimens revealed submucosal invasion of more than 500 μm in all four cases. One patient underwent additional radical surgery post-ESD; no residual tumor or LN metastasis was noted in the surgical specimen. The other three patients did not undergo additional surgery, either because of severe comorbidity or their refusal to undergo operation, but were subjected to medical follow-up. None of the ESD-treated patients reported local recurrence or distant metastases during the 27-32 mo of follow-up after ESD. PMID:24574813

  14. Multiple strokes and bilateral carotid dissections: a fulminant case of newly diagnosed Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV.

    PubMed

    Dohle, C; Baehring, J M

    2012-07-15

    Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome is a rare group of inheritable disorders resulting in abnormal collagen production, leading to skin fragility, joint hypermobility and easy bruising. Six major subtypes have been identified, of which Type IV most often leads to neurovascular complications, may lead to inner organ rupture and overall has the worst prognosis. Early recognition followed by genetic testing is key, since this diagnosis will guide decision making in the management of complications, influence the choice of antiplatelet medications versus anticoagulants and allow for potentially affected family members to be identified, undergo genetic testing and reproductive counseling. We here report the case of a 50 year old woman with a fulminant presentation of Ehlers Danlos Syndrome Type IV, including bilateral carotid and vertebral artery dissection, multiple strokes and liver rupture. Of note, this patient did not have a known history or obvious clinical features of connective tissue disease. Genetic testing confirmed the diagnosis. Review of her family history revealed multiple family members with a history of aortic dissection or aneurysm rupture. This case illustrates that Ehlers Danlos Syndrome Type IV is an important differential diagnosis even in adult patients without a known history of connective tissue disease and no prior complications. PMID:22559935

  15. Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection and Hemodynamic Instability: Can Emergent PCI Be Life Saving? Report of Two Cases and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Al Emam, Abdel Rahman A.; Almomani, Ahmed; Gilani, Syed A.

    2014-01-01

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome. It occurs predominantly among younger females and typically in the absence of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. It is associated with peripartum period, connective tissue disorders, vasculitides, and extreme exertion. Presentations vary greatly, and this condition can be fatal. Given its rarity, there are no guidelines for management of SCAD. We present the cases of two female patients, with no coronary artery disease risk factors or recent pregnancy, who were presented with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), respectively, secondary to SCAD. Both had excellent outcome after emergent percutaneous intervention. Our first patient was presented with NSTEMI with ongoing chest pain and dynamic electrocardiogram (ECG). Emergent left heart catheterization was significant for first obtuse marginal (OM1) dissection, confirmed by optical coherence tomography. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with two bare metal stents was performed with resolution of symptoms and ECG changes. The second patient is known to have syndrome, presented with STEMI and emergent coronary angiography showed left anterior descending dissection with intramural hematoma confirmed by intravascular ultrasound and treated with a drug-eluting stent with resolution of symptoms and ST changes. Her hospital course was complicated by post–myocardial infarction pericarditis that was improved with colchicine. Both the patients were observed in the coronary care unit for 24 hours. Both remained asymptomatic at 6-month follow-up. SCAD is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome. In patients with early presentation, limited disease, and ongoing symptoms, emergent cardiac catheterization with percutaneous intervention has excellent outcome. More studies are needed to establish evidence-based management guidelines. PMID:25484560

  16. [Efficacy of Stent-Assisted Coil Embolization for a Dissecting Aneurysm of the Cervical Internal Carotid Artery Caused by a Systemic Vascular Disease: A Case Report].

    PubMed

    Takamiya, Soichiro; Osanai, Toshiya; Ushikoshi, Satoshi; Kurisu, Kota; Shimoda, Yusuke; Ito, Yasuhiro; Ishi, Yukitomo; Hokari, Masaaki; Nakayama, Naoki; Kazumata, Ken; Abumiya, Takeo; Shichinohe, Hideo; Houkin, Kiyohiro

    2016-01-01

    Systemic vascular diseases such as fibromuscular dysplasia, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Marfan syndrome, and Behçet's disease are known to cause spontaneous dissecting aneurysms of the cervical internal carotid artery. These diseases are generally associated with vascular fragility; therefore, invasive treatments are avoided in many cases of dissecting aneurysms, and a conservative approach is used for the primary disease. Surgical or intravascular treatment may be chosen when aneurysms are progressive or are associated with a high risk of hemorrhage; however, there is no consensus on which treatment is better. We report a case of a dissecting aneurysm of the cervical internal carotid artery in a patient with suspected Behçet's disease, which was treated using stent-assisted coil embolization. A man in his 40's, with suspected Behçet's disease, presented with an enlarged dissecting aneurysm of the right cervical internal carotid artery. The lesion was present for approximately 10 years. We performed stent-assisted coil embolization for the lesion. Post-surgery, no aneurysms were detected with carotid artery echography. Our case report suggests that stent-assisted coil embolization is a promising treatment for dissecting aneurysms of the cervical internal carotid artery. In addition, the procedure demonstrates the utility of carotid artery echograms for examining recanalization after stent-assisted coil embolization. PMID:26771095

  17. Repair of type A dissection-benefits of dissection rota

    PubMed Central

    Bashir, Mohamad; Shaw, Matthew; Field, Mark; Kuduvalli, Manoj; Harrington, Deborah; Fok, Mathew

    2016-01-01

    Background Acute type A aortic dissection repair is a surgical emergency associated with high mortality. In 2007, Liverpool Heart & Chest Hospital was the first institution in the United Kingdom to implement a thoracic aortic on-call dissection rota. We set out to investigate whether the dissection rota improved hospital quality outcomes and long-term survival. Methods Data from a prospectively collected database was analysed following case note validation. Two hundred patients underwent acute type A aortic dissection repair between October 1998 and November 2015. To assess the effect of the post-dissection rota on operative and postoperative outcomes, propensity matching of pre- and post-dissection rota patients was used. Results Eighty patients were identified from the pre-dissection rota era and 120 from the post-dissection rota era. Sixty patients from each era were then propensity matched. Comparative analyses showed that patients who underwent acute type A dissection repair in the post-dissection rota period were less likely to suffer in-hospital mortality in both the matched and unmatched groups (30% vs. 13.3%; P=0.004 and 28.3% vs. 11.7%; P=0.055, respectively). A similar improvement was shown in acute renal failure (26.3% vs. 14.2%; P=0.033 and 31.7% vs. 15.0%; P=0.044, respectively). However, cardiopulmonary bypass times and aortic cross clamp times were still significantly longer in the matched post–dissection rota cohort. There was a significant improvement in 5-year survival for the pre- and post-dissection rota in both the matched and unmatched patients (P=0.004 and P=0.034). Conclusions Reorganization of surgical expertise, activity and implementation of a dissection rota within our hospital have resulted in lower in-hospital mortality and better survival outcomes in this group of patients. PMID:27386408

  18. Treatment of internal carotid artery dissection with Willis covered stent: A case report of recurrent limb weakness and no response to medical therapy

    PubMed Central

    CAI, XUELI; GUAN, JIANHONG; REN, SHAOJUN; WEI, YIXIN; PENG, XIAO; QIU, WEIWEN; CHEN, JUN

    2016-01-01

    Internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) is a major cause of ischemic stroke in young and middle-aged patients. Patients may be asymptomatic or present with symptoms ranging from headache and neck pain to severe cerebral ischemic events. Conventional treatment is medical anticlotting therapy or involves the use of interventional tools, such as endovascular treatment. Anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy are the primary treatment modalities used to prevent thromboembolic complications from arterial dissections, however, they are unsuitable in certain cases of dissecting aneurysms. In the current study reports the case of a 52-year-old male patient presenting with the primary complaint of left limb weakness. Computed tomography angiography revealed a right ICAD located in the oropharyngeal segment. Subsequently, digital subtraction angiography was performed to assess the oropharyngeal segment. Antithrombotic therapy resulted in no improvement; therefore, endovascular treatment with the insertion of a Willis covered stent was performed, resulting in an improved outcome. PMID:27168838

  19. Internal carotid artery dissection after anterior cervical disc replacement: first case report and literature review of vascular complications of the approach.

    PubMed

    Loret, Jean-Edouard; Francois, Patrick; Papagiannaki, Chrysanthi; Cottier, Jean-Philippe; Terrier, Louis-Marie; Zemmoura, Ilyess

    2013-07-01

    We report the case of a 41-year-old woman who underwent cervical total disc replacement at C4C5 and C5C6 levels and fusion at C6C7 level through an anterior right-side approach. After anesthesia recovery, the patient presented left hemiparesia and facial palsy due to large right hemispheric stroke. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging was performed as soon as the patient developed neurologic symptoms of stroke and revealed a right internal carotid artery dissection. Digital substraction angiography, endovascular stenting, angioplasty and thrombectomy were performed. Six months after treatment, clinical examination showed mild left-arm spasticity. To the best of our knowledge, only two cases of internal carotid artery stroke without dissection or thrombosis are reported. In conclusion, although vascular complications are rare after anterior cervical spine procedure, internal carotid artery dissection can occur. Suspected risk factors are prolonged retraction of the carotid artery and neck extension. PMID:23728441

  20. Use of single-lumen tube for minimally invasive and hybrid esophagectomies with prone thoracoscopic dissection: case series.

    PubMed

    Singh, Manila; Uppal, Rajeev; Chaudhary, Kapil; Javed, Amit; Aggarwal, Anil

    2016-09-01

    Minimally invasive and hybrid minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is a technically challenging procedure. Anesthesia for the same is equally challenging due to special requirements of the video-assisted thoracoscopic technique used and shared operative and respiratory fields. Standard ventilatory strategy for this kind of surgery has been 1-lung ventilation with the help of a double-lumen tube. Prone positioning for thoracoscopic dissection facilitates gravity-dependant collapse of the operative side lung induced by a unilateral capnothorax, thus making the use of single-lumen endotracheal tube a feasible option for this surgery. We report our experience of 10 consecutive cases of minimally invasive esophagectomy conducted in prone position at our center and the use of single-lumen endotracheal tube for ventilation. PMID:27555209

  1. A Case of an Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding Due to a Ruptured Dissection of a Right Aortic Arch

    SciTech Connect

    Born, Christine; Forster, Andreas; Rock, Clemens; Pfeifer, Klaus-Juergen; Rieger, Johannes; Reiser, Maximilian

    2003-09-15

    We report a case of severe upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage with a rare underlying cause. The patient was unconscious when he was admitted to the hospital. No chest radiogram was performed. Routine diagnostic measures, including endoscopy, failed to reveal the origin of the bleeding, which was believed to originate from the esophagus secondary to a peptic ulcer or varices. Exploratory laparotomy added no further information, but contrast-enhanced multislice computed tomography (MSCT) of the chest showed dextroposition of the widened aortic arch with a ruptured type-B dissection and a consecutive aorto-esophageal fistula (AEF). The patient died on the day of admission. Noninvasive MSCT angiography gives rapid diagnostic information on patients with occult upper gastrointestinal bleeding and should be considered before more invasive conventional angiography or surgery.

  2. Tinea capitis mimicking dissecting cellulitis.

    PubMed

    Torok, Rachel D; Bellet, Jane S

    2013-01-01

    Tinea capitis is a common disease of childhood that typically follows one of several clinical patterns. Our patient and several previously reported cases demonstrate the existence of a dissecting cellulitis-like presentation of tinea capitis. This variant should be recognized to prevent misdiagnosis of dissecting cellulitis and allow proper treatment to prevent scarring alopecia. PMID:24134312

  3. Presentation and therapy of spontaneous coronary artery dissection and comparisons of postpartum versus nonpostpartum cases.

    PubMed

    Ito, Hiroki; Taylor, Lee; Bowman, Martha; Fry, Edward T A; Hermiller, James B; Van Tassel, James W

    2011-06-01

    Predisposing risk factors, clinical course, and prognosis of spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) remain poorly understood. We reviewed medical records and coronary angiograms of patients admitted to our institution with the diagnosis of SCAD from 1999 through 2010. A definite diagnosis of SCAD required the agreement of 2 blinded board-certified interventional cardiologists who reviewed all images separately. Baseline characteristics of patients (n = 23) included mean age 45 ± 11 years, female gender in all (100%), history of hypertension in 13 (57%), and postpartum in 7 (30%). Eleven (48%) had ST-segment elevation on initial electrocardiogram. SCAD involved the left main in 5 patients (21.7%), left anterior descending coronary artery in 16 (70%), left circumflex coronary artery in 8 (35%), and right coronary artery in 6 (26%). Four patients (17%) underwent coronary stenting and 6 (26%) required urgent bypass surgery. Comparison between postpartum and nonpostpartum patients revealed significant differences in mean peak troponin levels: 50 ± 34 ng/ml vs 21 ± 23, p = 0.04, mean left ventricular ejection fraction: 34 ± 6% vs 49 ± 9, p <0.01, proximal coronary segment distribution: 6 (86%) vs 3 (19%), p = 0.004, and left anterior descending coronary artery distribution: 7 (100%) vs 9 (56%), p = 0.04, respectively. Repeat coronary angiographies were performed in 11 patients (46%) during a mean follow-up of 39 ± 38 months and 10 (91%) were found to have healed SCAD, including those who had undergone bypass surgery. In conclusion, our patients with SCAD were characterized by female gender, absence of coronary risk factors, and a high rate of vascular healing without residual stenosis. Larger infarct was found in postpartum patients. PMID:21439531

  4. Polyomino Dissections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hohn, Tiina; Liu, Andy

    2012-01-01

    One of Gardner's passions was to introduce puzzles into the classroom. From this point of view, polyomino dissections are an excellent topic. They require little background, provide training in geometric visualization, and mostly they are fun. In this article, we put together a large collection of such puzzles, introduce a new approach in solving…

  5. Abnormal bisubclavian trunk arising from the aortic arch determined by cadaver dissection of a native dog: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Kamali, Younes; Tadjalli, Mina

    2015-01-01

    Congenital anomalies of the great thoracic vessels have been reported in 20% of dogs and cats. In some cases, the vascular ring anomalies remain unrecognized throughout the lifetime of an animal. This report describes a case with an unusual vascular ring anomaly (VRA) that was detected during dissection on a cadaver of an approximately two-year-old male native mixed breed dog. No history of the animal’s life was available. But, good physical condition and age of the animal based on dentition indicated the anomaly was perhaps asymptomatic. Two main branches of the aorta were identified with the initial branch being a bicarotid trunk followed by a bisubclavian trunk. The left subclavian and aberrant right subclavian arteries formed a very short trunk and arose directly from the aortic arch. No dilatation cranial to the esophageal sulcus was found. To the authors' knowledge, our case is the first report of such anomalies perhaps without any clinical signs in a native dog in Iran. PMID:26893819

  6. Abnormal bisubclavian trunk arising from the aortic arch determined by cadaver dissection of a native dog: A case report.

    PubMed

    Kamali, Younes; Tadjalli, Mina

    2015-01-01

    Congenital anomalies of the great thoracic vessels have been reported in 20% of dogs and cats. In some cases, the vascular ring anomalies remain unrecognized throughout the lifetime of an animal. This report describes a case with an unusual vascular ring anomaly (VRA) that was detected during dissection on a cadaver of an approximately two-year-old male native mixed breed dog. No history of the animal's life was available. But, good physical condition and age of the animal based on dentition indicated the anomaly was perhaps asymptomatic. Two main branches of the aorta were identified with the initial branch being a bicarotid trunk followed by a bisubclavian trunk. The left subclavian and aberrant right subclavian arteries formed a very short trunk and arose directly from the aortic arch. No dilatation cranial to the esophageal sulcus was found. To the authors' knowledge, our case is the first report of such anomalies perhaps without any clinical signs in a native dog in Iran. PMID:26893819

  7. Dissecting firearm injury to the head and neck with non-linear bullet trajectory: a case report.

    PubMed

    Can, Muhammet; Yildirim, Nadir; Ataç, Gökçe Kaan

    2010-04-15

    Firearm injuries to the head and neck have a potential for fatal complications caused by damage to neurovascular structures in the region. We herewith present a case of a missile injury to the face, caused by a bullet from a rifle with high muzzle energy that slackened while penetrating a vehicle before hitting the victim. The bullet advanced through the retrofacial spaces following a non-linear course and was retained within the opposite parapharyngeal region without injuring any vital structure. The resultant damage was a 'low-velocity injury'. However, it is noteworthy that the missile had still retained enough energy to penetrate the tissue and travel in a 'dissecting' fashion. It is likely that the blunting of the missile during vehicle penetration and the compactness of the anatomical structures bordering the head and neck spaces, such as fascia and tendons, forced the projectile to follow a non-linear inter-structural path. This case yet again demonstrates that the magnitude of firearm-related tissue damage may also depend upon the shape of the projectile and confirms that the head and neck spaces have anatomical integrity rather than just being arbitrarily designated topographical areas. It has also been confirmed that non-surgical approach with regular follow-ups is a viable option for uncomplicated head and neck injuries. PMID:20106613

  8. Extrathyroid carcinoma showing thymus-like differentiation (CASTLE): a new case report and review of the therapeutic role of neck dissection and radiotherapy.

    PubMed

    Choi, Kyu Young; Kwon, Mi Jung; Ahn, Hye Kyung; Kim, Jin Hwan; Lee, Dong Jin

    2014-01-01

    We present here a case of extrathyroid CASTLE (the third case reported in the English literature) treated with excision and neck dissection without radiotherapy. Also, we reviewed the literature and analyzed the therapeutic results of each treatment modality for CASTLE. A 27-year-old male had initially presented with a painless, right neck mass for 2 months. Computed tomography of the neck showed a 3.8 × 3.2 × 3.8 cm heterogeneously enhancing mass at right level IIa, and no definite thyroid lesion was found. An excisional biopsy was done and the pathologic diagnosis was CASTLE. Then we performed a right modified radical neck dissection and right thyroid lobectomy. After three years, no evidence of tumor recurrence was noted. Total excision followed by neck dissection could be a sufficient surgical treatment option for CASTLE. Postoperative radiotherapy might be an alternative treatment option for neck dissection in patients with positive nodal status. PMID:25086818

  9. [A Case of Fibromuscular Dysplasia in a Patient with Various Main Trunk Dissections in the Head and Neck over a Short Period].

    PubMed

    Ando, Kazuhiro; Sasaki, Osamu; Watanabe, Masatoshi; Nashimoto, Takeo; Kikuchi, Bumpei

    2016-07-01

    We report a case of subarachnoid hemorrhage(SAH)from an intracranial vertebral artery(VA)dissection in a patient with fibromuscular dysplasia(FMD)who presented with headache. A 54-year-old woman complained of spontaneous occipital headache. The dilatation of the left VA was detected on magnetic resonance angiography(MRA). She was diagnosed with left VA dissection(headache onset type). After sudden onset of headache on the second day of hospitalization, her consciousness level, as defined by the Japan Coma Scale, was 300. Computed tomography(CT)revealed SAH. Cerebral angiography showed the dilatation of the left intracranial VA and contrast material pooling, which was suspected to be a sign of dissection. We performed VA intravascular ligation by coil embolization. The postoperative course was good but postoperative MRA revealed arterial wall irregularities in both the extra cranial internal carotid artery and the right VA. Cerebral angiography showed the presence of the string-of-beads sign at these arteries. She was diagnosed with FMD. SAH might develop during the follow-up period in patients with VA dissection, even those in whom the initial symptom is headache. In addition, cases of FMD might also be complicated by various lesions of the main trunk of the cerebral artery. PMID:27384119

  10. Future directions of duodenal endoscopic submucosal dissection

    PubMed Central

    Matsumoto, Satohiro; Miyatani, Hiroyuki; Yoshida, Yukio

    2015-01-01

    Endoscopic therapies for lesions of the duodenum are technically more difficult than those for lesions of the other parts of the gastrointestinal tract due to the anatomical features of the duodenum, and the incidence rate of complications such as perforation and bleeding is also higher. These aforementioned trends were especially noticeable for the case of duodenal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). The indication for ESD of duodenal tumors should be determined by assessment of the histopathology, macroscopic morphology, and diameter of the tumors. The three types of candidate lesions for endoscopic therapy are adenoma, carcinoma, and neuroendocrine tumors. For applying endoscopic therapies to duodenal lesions, accurate preoperative histopathological diagnosis is necessary. The most important technical issue in duodenal ESD is the submucosal dissection process. In duodenal ESD, a short needle-type knife is suitable for the mucosal incision and submucosal dissection processes, and the Small-caliber-tip Transparent hood is an important tool. After endoscopic therapies, the wound should be closed by clipping in order to prevent complications such as secondary hemorrhage and delayed perforation. At present, the criteria for selection between ESD and EMR vary among institutions. The indications for ESD should be carefully considered. Duodenal ESD should have limitations, such as the need for its being performed by experts with abundant experience in performing the procedure. PMID:25901218

  11. Dissecting Success Stories on Mathematical Problem Posing: A Case of the Billiard Task

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koichu, Boris; Kontorovich, Igor

    2013-01-01

    "Success stories," i.e., cases in which mathematical problems posed in a controlled setting are perceived by the problem posers or other individuals as interesting, cognitively demanding, or surprising, are essential for understanding the nature of problem posing. This paper analyzes two success stories that occurred with individuals of different…

  12. Intramural hematoma or aortic dissection – a diagnostic and therapeutic problem. A case report

    PubMed Central

    Suder, Bogdan; Wasilewski, Grzegorz; Sadowski, Jerzy; Kapelak, Bogusław

    2015-01-01

    The authors present a case report of a 60-year-old patient with an ascending aortic aneurysm along with the associated diagnostic and therapeutic problems. The choice of therapy in patients with aortic intramural hematoma is difficult and should be based on comprehensive evaluation of the patient's status as well as on the experience of the radiologist and surgeon. PMID:26702280

  13. Bilateral internal carotid artery and vertebral artery dissections with retinal artery occlusion after a roller coaster ride - case report and a review.

    PubMed

    Ozkan Arat, Yonca; Volpi, John; Arat, Anıl; Klucznik, Richard; Diaz, Orlando

    2011-01-01

    We present the first case of a woman with no significant medical history who developed dissections of bilateral carotid and bilateral vertebral arteries, as well as a retinal artery occlusion, after a roller coaster ride. A 35-year-old woman developed right-sided neck pain followed by a frontal headache immediately after a roller coaster ride. Five days after the incident, she developed complete loss of vision in her right eye for two hours. Subsequently, the vision improved but remained significantly decreased. On presentation, her visual acuity was 20/200 in the right and 20/20 in the left eye. Her fundus exam revealed retinal edema in the superotemporal retinal artery distribution without any visible emboli. Her neurological exam was otherwise normal. The cerebral angiogram showed bilateral internal carotid and vertebral artery dissections. The patient remained stable with conservative therapy without further worsening of vision or any new neurological deficits. Outcomes for cervicocephalic arterial dissection are usually favorable, but early diagnosis is critical for initiation of appropriate treatment of possible complications. Physicians must have a high index of suspicion for arterial dissection when patients note any headache, neck pain or vertigo triggered by violent motion after leisure activities such as roller coaster rides. PMID:21341139

  14. Cotyledonoid dissecting leiomyoma of the uterus: A report of four cases and a review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    XU, TIANMIN; WU, SHUYING; YANG, RULIN; ZHAO, LIPING; SUI, MINGXING; CUI, MANHUA; CHANG, WEIQIN

    2016-01-01

    Cotyledonoid dissecting leiomyoma (CDL), also termed Sternberg tumor, is a variant of uterine leiomyoma that is rarely diagnosed by clinical evaluation. At present, ~43 cases of CDL have been reported in the literature written in the English language. Due to the distinctive grapelike gross appearance of an exophytic mass resembles placental tissue, CDL is often misdiagnosed clinically as an ovarian tumor or uterine sarcoma. Therefore, an awareness of the features of the disease is important to prevent misdiagnosis and overtreatment. The present study reports 4 cases of CDL of the uterus that were treated at the Second Hospital of Jilin University between January 2009 and December 2011. All 4 patients in the current study presented with a palpable asymptomatic pelvic mass, which was detected during physical examinations, and cancer antigen 125 tumor marker levels that were within the normal range. The exploratory laparotomy of the 4 patients revealed lobulated tumors with a grapelike appearance extending from the lateral uterine wall into the ligament or the adjacent tissues. The frozen section and postoperative pathology were diagnosed as CDL. A total abdominal hysterectomy was performed in the first case of a 55-year-old woman that had been in menopause for 7 years. The patient was well and showed no evidence of disease subsequent to 48 months of follow-up. A total abdominal hysterectomy and right salpingo-oophorectomy were performed in the second case of a 43-year-old woman, who was well and showed no evidence of disease subsequent to 26 months of follow-up. A subtotal abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingectomy were performed in the third case of a 37-year-old woman, who was well and showed no evidence of disease subsequent to 27 months of follow-up. A total abdominal hysterectomy and right-salpingectomy were performed with the removal of a retroperitoneal fibroid extension in the fourth case of a 48-year-old woman, who was well and showed no evidence of

  15. Giant pseudoaneurysm originated from distal middle cerebral artery dissection treated by trapping under sensitive evoked potential and motor evoked potential monitoring: Case report and discussion

    PubMed Central

    Gripp, Daniel Andrade; Nakasone, Fábio Jundy; Maldaun, Marcos Vinícius Calfat; de Aguiar, Paulo Henrique Pires; Mathias, Luis Roberto

    2016-01-01

    Background: Dissecting giant pseudoaneurysm of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) is a rare lesion often presenting challenges to neurosurgical teams dealing with this specific pathology. Giant pseudoaneurysm originating from a dissecting distal segment of the MCA treated with aneurysm trapping under motor and sensitive evoked potential monitoring with a successful outcome is presented in the article followed by a brief discussion on the subject. Case Description: A case of a previously healthy young female patient admitted at the emergency room of Santa Paula Hospital with a history of a sudden headache and syncope, dysphasia, and Grade 4 right hemiparesis due to a large brain hemorrhage secondary to a 25 mm ruptured pseudoaneurysm originated from a distal left MCA dissecting segment is described. Because the patient risked neurological worsening, aneurysm was treated with parent and efferent vessel trapping technique and no changes on the sensitive and motor evoked potential (MEP) from baseline informed on this decision. Hemorrhage was completely drained after aneurysm was secured. Conclusion: Neurophysiological sensitive and MEP monitoring, on this specific case was a valuable tool and informed on the decision of trapping of this large vascular lesion. PMID:27127710

  16. Getting ocean acidification on decision makers' to-do lists: dissecting the process through case studies

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Cooley, Sarah R.; Jewett, Elizabeth B.; Reichert, Julie; Robbins, Lisa L.; Shrestha, Gyami; Wieczorek, Dan; Weisberg, Stephen B.

    2015-01-01

    Much of the detailed, incremental knowledge being generated by current scientific research on ocean acidification (OA) does not directly address the needs of decision makers, who are asking broad questions such as: Where will OA harm marine resources next? When will this happen? Who will be affected? And how much will it cost? In this review, we use a series of mainly US-based case studies to explore the needs of local to international-scale groups that are making decisions to address OA concerns. Decisions concerning OA have been made most naturally and easily when information needs were clearly defined and closely aligned with science outputs and initiatives. For decisions requiring more complex information, the process slows dramatically. Decision making about OA is greatly aided (1) when a mixture of specialists participates, including scientists, resource users and managers, and policy and law makers; (2) when goals can be clearly agreed upon at the beginning of the process; (3) when mixed groups of specialists plan and create translational documents explaining the likely outcomes of policy decisions on ecosystems and natural resources; (4) when regional work on OA fits into an existing set of priorities concerning climate or water quality; and (5) when decision making can be reviewed and enhanced.

  17. [Isolated spontaneous dissection of visceral arteries].

    PubMed

    Corral, M A; Encinas, J; Fernández-Pérez, G C

    2014-01-01

    We present the cases of two men with isolated spontaneous dissection of visceral arteries diagnosed by multidetector CT. In the first patient, dissection of the celiac trunk was associated with periarterial changes. In the second patient, dissection of the superior mesenteric artery was associated with stenosis at the root of the celiac trunk. Both patients presented with acute pain, which was more intense and longer lasting in the first patient. Aortic dissection was suspected clinically in both patients. Both dissections were short and had patent saccular false lumens and reduced caliber of the true lumens. This morphological type is one of the most uncommon within this rare entity. However, in recent years, the number of cases published is rising. This suggests that this entity may have been underdiagnosed before the widespread use of multidetector CT. We discuss the two morphological classifications of dissection of the visceral arteries and the need to adapt therapeutic management to the particular circumstances of each case. PMID:21724211

  18. Aortic dissection associated with penetration of a spinal pedicle screw: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Pillai, Saila T; Schoenhagen, Paul; Subrahmanyan, Lakshman; Mukherjee, Sandip K; McNamara, Robert L; Elefteriades, John; Svensson, Lars Georg

    2014-05-01

    A 30-year-old male underwent a corrective posterior instrumented spinal fusion for scoliosis. Six years later, he was found to have an aortic dissection after aortic penetration of a spinal pedicle screw. We review the literature, including diagnostic modalities, and treatment decision-making for this unusual complication. PMID:24707982

  19. 42 CFR 431.214 - Notice in cases of probable fraud.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Notice in cases of probable fraud. 431.214 Section... Hearings for Applicants and Beneficiaries Notice § 431.214 Notice in cases of probable fraud. The agency... facts indicating that action should be taken because of probable fraud by the beneficiary; and (b)...

  20. 42 CFR 431.214 - Notice in cases of probable fraud.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Notice in cases of probable fraud. 431.214 Section... Hearings for Applicants and Beneficiaries Notice § 431.214 Notice in cases of probable fraud. The agency... facts indicating that action should be taken because of probable fraud by the beneficiary; and (b)...

  1. 42 CFR 431.214 - Notice in cases of probable fraud.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Notice in cases of probable fraud. 431.214 Section... Hearings for Applicants and Beneficiaries Notice § 431.214 Notice in cases of probable fraud. The agency... facts indicating that action should be taken because of probable fraud by the beneficiary; and (b)...

  2. 42 CFR 431.214 - Notice in cases of probable fraud.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Notice in cases of probable fraud. 431.214 Section... Hearings for Applicants and Recipients Notice § 431.214 Notice in cases of probable fraud. The agency may... indicating that action should be taken because of probable fraud by the recipient; and (b) The facts...

  3. 42 CFR 431.214 - Notice in cases of probable fraud.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Notice in cases of probable fraud. 431.214 Section... Hearings for Applicants and Recipients Notice § 431.214 Notice in cases of probable fraud. The agency may... indicating that action should be taken because of probable fraud by the recipient; and (b) The facts...

  4. Vascular type Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome with fatal spontaneous rupture of a right common iliac artery dissection: case report and review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Abayazeed, Aly; Hayman, Emily; Moghadamfalahi, Mana; Cain, Darren

    2014-01-01

    Vascular Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (previously Ehlers-Danlos IV) is a rare autosomal dominant collagen vascular disorder caused by a 2q31 COL3A1 gene mutation encoding pro-alpha1 chain of type III collagen (in contrast to classic Ehlers-Danlos, caused by a COL5A1 mutation). The vascular type accounts for less than 4% of all Ehlers-Danlos cases and usually has a poor prognosis due to life threatening vascular ruptures and difficult, frequently unsuccessful surgical and vascular interventions. In 70% of cases, vascular rupture or dissection, gastrointestinal perforation, or organ rupture is a presenting sign. We present a case of genetically proven vascular Ehlers-Danlos with fatal recurrent retroperitoneal hemorrhages secondary to a ruptured right common iliac artery dissection in a 30-year-old male. This case highlights the need to suspect collagen vascular disorders when a young adult presents with unexplained retroperitoneal hemorrhage, even without family history of such diseases. PMID:24967021

  5. Vascular type Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome with fatal spontaneous rupture of a right common iliac artery dissection: case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Abayazeed, Aly; Hayman, Emily; Moghadamfalahi, Mana; Cain, Darren

    2014-02-01

    Vascular Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (previously Ehlers-Danlos IV) is a rare autosomal dominant collagen vascular disorder caused by a 2q31 COL3A1 gene mutation encoding pro-alpha1 chain of type III collagen (in contrast to classic Ehlers-Danlos, caused by a COL5A1 mutation). The vascular type accounts for less than 4% of all Ehlers-Danlos cases and usually has a poor prognosis due to life threatening vascular ruptures and difficult, frequently unsuccessful surgical and vascular interventions. In 70% of cases, vascular rupture or dissection, gastrointestinal perforation, or organ rupture is a presenting sign. We present a case of genetically proven vascular Ehlers-Danlos with fatal recurrent retroperitoneal hemorrhages secondary to a ruptured right common iliac artery dissection in a 30-year-old male. This case highlights the need to suspect collagen vascular disorders when a young adult presents with unexplained retroperitoneal hemorrhage, even without family history of such diseases. PMID:24967021

  6. [Coronary Embolism Probably Caused by Surgical Glue after Operation for Acute Aortic Dissection;Report of a Case].

    PubMed

    Kimura, Chieri; Takihara, Hitomi; Okada, Shuichi

    2016-07-01

    A 70-year-old female underwent an emergency replacement of the ascending aorta for acute aortic dissection. We used surgical adhesive BioGlue and teflon felt strips to reinforce the dissected aortic wall. On the 5th post operative day, electrocardiogram showed ischemic inverted T wave and the serum creatine phosphokinase level elevated without any symptoms such as chest pain or low blood pressure. By coronary angiography, severe stenosis was detected of the left descending coronary artery, and percutaneous coronary intervention was performed. Intravascular ultrasound images revealed that no atherosclerotic components were present in the embolic materials. As a result of in vitro examination, that material was probably a fragment of the BioGlue. The patient was discharged on foot 23 days after surgery. PMID:27365070

  7. Neck dissection - discharge

    MedlinePlus

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000659.htm Neck dissection - discharge To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Neck dissection is surgery to remove the lymph nodes in ...

  8. Spontaneous aortic dissecting hematoma in two dogs.

    PubMed

    Boulineau, Theresa Marie; Andrews-Jones, Lydia; Van Alstine, William

    2005-09-01

    This report describes 2 cases of spontaneous aortic dissecting hematoma in young Border Collie and Border Collie crossbred dogs. Histology was performed in one of the cases involving an unusual splitting of the elastin present within the wall of the aorta, consistent with elastin dysplasia as described in Marfan syndrome in humans. The first case involved a young purebred Border Collie that died suddenly and the second case involved a Border Collie crossbred dog that died after a 1-month history of seizures. Gross lesions included pericardial tamponade with dissection of the ascending aorta in the former case and thoracic cavity hemorrhage, mediastinal hematoma, and aortic dissection in the latter. Histologic lesions in the case of the Border Collie crossbred dog included a dissecting hematoma of the ascending aorta with elastin dysplasia and right axillary arterial intimal proliferation. PMID:16312247

  9. Delayed Carotid Dissection Following Lower Lip Revascularization in the Setting of Hyoid Fracture--A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Misra, Shantum; Haas, Corbett A; August, Meredith; Eberlin, Kyle R

    2016-01-01

    Traumatic injuries to the lip are common, but injuries that require revascularization of the lower lip are infrequent and pose a major challenge to the reconstructive surgeon. This report describes the case of a 53-year-old woman who sustained a lower lip avulsion injury, a comminuted mandibular parasymphyseal fracture, and a hyoid bone fracture secondary to a bicycle accident. Trauma workup included computed tomographic angiography of the head and neck, which did not show vascular injury. Despite successful revascularization of the lower lip, on postoperative day 11 the patient developed a large internal carotid artery dissection and middle cerebral artery stroke. This case highlights the importance of careful postoperative monitoring after high-energy facial trauma, particularly in the setting of vascular and bony injuries. PMID:26435401

  10. [Pregnancy and coronary artery dissection].

    PubMed

    Martínez-Quintana, Efrén; Rodríguez-González, Fayna

    2015-01-01

    Acute myocardial infarction during pregnancy is associated with high maternal and fetal mortality. Coronary atherosclerosis is the most common cause due to an increase in the age of the patients and the association with cardiovascular risk factors such as smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia, and the existence of family history of coronary disease. However, thrombosis, coronary dissection or coronary vasospasms are other causes that may justify it. We report the case of a 33 weeks pregnant first-time mother, without cardiovascular risk factors, who presented an acute coronary event in the context of atherosclerotic disease and coronary dissection after percutaneous coronary intervention. PMID:25795261

  11. Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection with Cardiac Tamponade.

    PubMed

    Goh, Anne C H; Lundstrom, Robert J

    2015-10-01

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome. Clinical presentation ranges from chest pain alone to ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, ventricular fibrillation, and sudden death. The treatment of patients with spontaneous coronary artery dissection is challenging because the disease pathophysiology is unclear, optimal treatment is unknown, and short- and long-term prognostic data are minimal. We report the case of a 70-year-old woman who presented with an acute ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction secondary to a spontaneous dissection of the left anterior descending coronary artery. She was treated conservatively. Cardiac tamponade developed 16 hours after presentation. Repeat coronary angiography revealed extension of the dissection. Medical therapy was continued after the hemopericardium was aspirated. The patient remained asymptomatic 3 years after hospital discharge. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of spontaneous coronary artery dissection in association with cardiac tamponade that was treated conservatively and had a successful outcome. PMID:26504447

  12. Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection with Cardiac Tamponade

    PubMed Central

    Lundstrom, Robert J.

    2015-01-01

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome. Clinical presentation ranges from chest pain alone to ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, ventricular fibrillation, and sudden death. The treatment of patients with spontaneous coronary artery dissection is challenging because the disease pathophysiology is unclear, optimal treatment is unknown, and short- and long-term prognostic data are minimal. We report the case of a 70-year-old woman who presented with an acute ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction secondary to a spontaneous dissection of the left anterior descending coronary artery. She was treated conservatively. Cardiac tamponade developed 16 hours after presentation. Repeat coronary angiography revealed extension of the dissection. Medical therapy was continued after the hemopericardium was aspirated. The patient remained asymptomatic 3 years after hospital discharge. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of spontaneous coronary artery dissection in association with cardiac tamponade that was treated conservatively and had a successful outcome. PMID:26504447

  13. Spondyloarthritis associated with acne conglobata, hidradenitis suppurativa and dissecting cellulitis of the scalp: a review with illustrative cases.

    PubMed

    Lim, Debbie T; James, Neena M; Hassan, Sobia; Khan, Muhammad A

    2013-08-01

    To review and highlight the association of acne conglobata, hidradenitis suppurativa, and dissecting cellulitis of the scalp with inflammatory arthritic conditions, we report five illustrative patients with this association, and a review of the literature. All our patients were African-American males, and their skin disease present before the onset of arthritis. Both asymmetric peripheral arthritis and axial disease can occur. The arthritis is usually insidious and lacks association with rheumatoid factor and HLA-B27. Imaging of peripheral joints can reveal erosions, periosteal bone reaction and new bone formation. When the axial skeleton is involved, imaging can reveal sacroiliitis, syndesmophyte formation. NSAIDs, oral and intra-articular steroids, DMARDs and TNF alpha antagonists have all been used with success. Controlled trials with larger numbers of patients are needed to assess which treatment options are the most effective for this group of patients. PMID:23771559

  14. [Acute coronary artery dissection after aortic valve replacement].

    PubMed

    Machado, Fernando de Paula; Sampaio, Roney Orismar; Mazzucato, Fernanda Lopez; Tarasoutchi, Flávio; Spina, Guilherme Sobreira; Grinberg, Max

    2010-02-01

    Late aortic dissection can occur after aortic valve replacement surgery, but rarely in the first postoperative month. Coronary artery dissection is rare and usually occurs after coronary angiography. We report a rare case of coronary artery dissection followed by myocardial infarction in the immediate postoperative period of a successful aortic valve replacement with a good postoperative evolution. PMID:20428604

  15. A Case Report of Locked-in Syndrome Due to Bilateral Vertebral Artery Dissection After Cervical Spine Manipulation Treated by Arterial Embolectomy.

    PubMed

    Ke, Jiang-Qiong; Yin, Bo; Fu, Fang-Wang; Shao, Sheng-Min; Lin, Yan; Dong, Qi-Qiang; Wang, Xiao-Tong; Zheng, Guo-Qing

    2016-02-01

    Cervical spine manipulation (CSM) is a commonly spinal manipulative therapies for the relief of cervical spine-related conditions worldwide, but its use remains controversial. CSM may carry the potential for serious neurovascular complications, primarily due to vertebral artery dissection (VAD) and subsequent vertebrobasilar stroke. Here, we reported a rare case of locked-in syndrome (LIS) due to bilaterial VAD after CSM treated by arterial embolectomy.A 36-year-old right-handed man was admitted to our hospital with numbness and weakness of limbs after treating with CSM for neck for half an hour. Gradually, although the patient remained conscious, he could not speak but could communicate with the surrounding by blinking or moving his eyes, and turned to complete quadriplegia, complete facial and bulbar palsy, dyspnea at 4 hours after admission. He was diagnosed with LIS. Then, the patient was received cervical and brain computed tomography angiography that showed bilateral VAD. Aortocranial digital subtraction angiography showed vertebrobasilar thrombosis, blocking left vertebral artery, and stenosis of right vertebral artery. The patient was treated by using emergency arterial embolectomy and followed by antiplatelet therapy and supportive therapy in the intensive care unit and a general ward. Twenty-seven days later, the patient's physical function gradually improved and discharged but still left neurological deficit with muscle strength grade 3/5 and hyperreflexia of limbs.Our findings suggested that CSM might have potential severe side-effect like LIS due to bilaterial VAD, and arterial embolectomy is an important treatment choice. The practitioner must be aware of this complication and should give the patients informed consent to CSM, although not all stroke cases temporally related to SCM have pre-existing craniocervical artery dissection. PMID:26844510

  16. A Case Report of Locked-in Syndrome Due to Bilateral Vertebral Artery Dissection After Cervical Spine Manipulation Treated by Arterial Embolectomy

    PubMed Central

    Ke, Jiang-Qiong; Yin, Bo; Fu, Fang-Wang; Shao, Sheng-Min; Lin, Yan; Dong, Qi-Qiang; Wang, Xiao-Tong; Zheng, Guo-Qing

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Cervical spine manipulation (CSM) is a commonly spinal manipulative therapies for the relief of cervical spine-related conditions worldwide, but its use remains controversial. CSM may carry the potential for serious neurovascular complications, primarily due to vertebral artery dissection (VAD) and subsequent vertebrobasilar stroke. Here, we reported a rare case of locked-in syndrome (LIS) due to bilaterial VAD after CSM treated by arterial embolectomy. A 36-year-old right-handed man was admitted to our hospital with numbness and weakness of limbs after treating with CSM for neck for half an hour. Gradually, although the patient remained conscious, he could not speak but could communicate with the surrounding by blinking or moving his eyes, and turned to complete quadriplegia, complete facial and bulbar palsy, dyspnea at 4 hours after admission. He was diagnosed with LIS. Then, the patient was received cervical and brain computed tomography angiography that showed bilateral VAD. Aortocranial digital subtraction angiography showed vertebrobasilar thrombosis, blocking left vertebral artery, and stenosis of right vertebral artery. The patient was treated by using emergency arterial embolectomy and followed by antiplatelet therapy and supportive therapy in the intensive care unit and a general ward. Twenty-seven days later, the patient's physical function gradually improved and discharged but still left neurological deficit with muscle strength grade 3/5 and hyperreflexia of limbs. Our findings suggested that CSM might have potential severe side-effect like LIS due to bilaterial VAD, and arterial embolectomy is an important treatment choice. The practitioner must be aware of this complication and should give the patients informed consent to CSM, although not all stroke cases temporally related to SCM have pre-existing craniocervical artery dissection. PMID:26844510

  17. Aortic Dissection Type A in Alpine Skiers

    PubMed Central

    Schachner, Thomas; Fischler, Nikolaus; Dumfarth, Julia; Bonaros, Nikolaos; Krapf, Christoph; Schobersberger, Wolfgang; Grimm, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Patients and Methods. 140 patients with aortic dissection type A were admitted for cardiac surgery. Seventy-seven patients experienced their dissection in the winter season (from November to April). We analyzed cases of ascending aortic dissection associated with alpine skiing. Results. In 17 patients we found skiing-related aortic dissections. Skiers were taller (180 (172–200) cm versus 175 (157–191) cm, P = 0.008) and heavier (90 (68–125) kg versus 80 (45–110) kg, P = 0.002) than nonskiers. An extension of aortic dissection into the aortic arch, the descending thoracic aorta, and the abdominal aorta was found in 91%, 74%, and 69%, respectively, with no significant difference between skiers and nonskiers. Skiers experienced RCA ostium dissection requiring CABG in 17.6% while this was true for 5% of nonskiers (P = 0.086). Hospital mortality of skiers was 6% versus 13% in nonskiers (P = 0.399). The skiers live at an altitude of 170 (0–853) m.a.s.l. and experience their dissection at 1602 (1185–3105; P < 0.001) m.a.s.l. In 82% symptom start was during recreational skiing without any trauma. Conclusion. Skiing associated aortic dissection type A is usually nontraumatic. The persons affected live at low altitudes and practice an outdoor sport at unusual high altitude at cold temperatures. Postoperative outcome is good. PMID:23971024

  18. [Spontaneous occlusion of a dissecting aneurysm in the shape of "two dumplings on a skewer" at righ posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA): report of a case and neuroradiological findings].

    PubMed

    Suzukawa, K; Amoh, M; Nakamura, Y; Yasuma, Y; Kurokawa, S

    2000-06-01

    We present a case of a spontaneous dissecting aneurysm at the vertebrobasilar artery including the right PICA in a 44-year-old man, who suffered from headache, hiccup and ataxic gait. The arteriograms showed an irregular narrowing and dilatation in the right PICA and in the vertebrobasilar artery, and showed fusiform dilatations in the bilateral middle cerebral arteries. We observed intramural hematoma and true lumen at the right PICA dissecting aneurysm on T1-weighted images on magnetic resonance imaging (1.5T, MRI), and the intimal flap was enhanced on T1-weighted image after intravenous injection of Gd-DTPA. The shape of the intramural hematoma showed a unique "two dumplings on a skewer" appearance, and the intensity of its hematoma in the false lumen decreased in gradient from adventitia to intimal flap on T1-weighted image on MRI. The dissecting aneurysm of the PICA was occluded spontaneously 1 month later, and it caused cerebellar infarction. However, the patient has been left only with the symptom of slight trunkal ataxia. Various shapes of intramural hematomas on MRI have been reported by Kitanaka in association with intracranial vertebrobasilar dissections. We suggest that "two dumplings on a skewer" shape which corresponds to the flow void of the true lumen, accompanied by intramural hematoma and enhanced intimal flap, on contrast-enhanced T1-weighted image, should be regarded as a true "diagnostic sign" of a dissecting aneurysm. PMID:10875115

  19. Dissecting cellulitis of the scalp.

    PubMed

    Mundi, Jyoti P; Marmon, Shoshana; Fischer, Max; Kamino, Hideko; Patel, Rishi; Shapiro, Jerry

    2012-12-01

    Dissecting cellulitis of the scalp is a chronic, relapsing, inflammatory disease of the scalp that results in scarring alopecia. We present a case of a 32-year-old man with recalcitrant disease who is now responding to treatment with isotretinoin. The pathogenesis, clinical presentation, disease associations, and histopathological findings are reviewed. Treatment can be challenging. The literature on medical and surgical therapeutic options is reviewed. PMID:23286798

  20. A rare cause of recurrent aortic dissection.

    PubMed

    Agrawal, Yashwant; Gupta, Vishal

    2016-07-01

    We report the case of a 19-year-old man with a history of Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS), which was diagnosed when he had a Stanford type A aortic dissection. He also had multiple aneurysms including ones in the innominate, right common carotid, and right internal mammary arteries. He had had multiple procedures including Bentall's procedure, repeat sternotomy with complete arch and valve replacement, and coil embolization of internal mammary artery aneurysm in the past. His LDS was characterized by gene mutation for transforming growth factor-β receptor 1. He presented to our facility with sudden onset of back pain, radiating to the right shoulder and chest. He was diagnosed with Stanford type B aortic dissection and underwent thoracic aorta endovascular repair for his aortic dissection. This case represents the broad spectrum of pathology associated with LDS where even with regular surveillance and aggressive medical management the patient developed Stanford B aortic dissection. PMID:27358537

  1. "Hands-Off" Dissection?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allchin, Douglas

    2005-01-01

    Computer programs and models are used to express respect for life by not sacrificing any animal but these alternatives might be deeply flawed. Alternatives to dissection are perverse alternatives that tend to preserve the features of inappropriate dissections like destructiveness, reductionism and objectification.

  2. Peripartum presentation of an acute aortic dissection.

    PubMed

    Lewis, S; Ryder, I; Lovell, A T

    2005-04-01

    We report the case of an acute type A aortic dissection occurring in a 35-year-old parturient. The initial diagnosis was missed; a subsequent emergency Caesarean section 3 weeks after presentation was followed by the development of left ventricular failure and pulmonary oedema in the early postoperative period. Echocardiography confirmed the diagnosis of aortic dissection and the patient underwent a successful surgical repair. PMID:15640303

  3. Descending endografts for type A dissections: con.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Akiko; Sandhu, Harleen K; Estrera, Anthony L

    2016-05-01

    An important goal of surgical repair of type A aortic dissection is to resect the intimal tear. Studies on the fate of residual dissection after acute type A aortic dissection repair in the past decade have driven surgeons to seek procedures to avoid distal reoperation. Aggressive surgical approach with total arch replacement in acute type A dissection has demonstrated lower incidence of distal reoperation and slower aortic growth rate compared to less aggressive ascending/hemiarch repair. Recently, successful results of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in type B aortic dissection have encouraged surgeons to further attack acute type A aortic dissection with hybrid approach: antegrade endografting in the descending thoracic true lumen as an adjunct to hemiarch or total arch repair. However, is the hybrid approach with simultaneous descending endografting justified in all the acute type A aortic dissection cases? The outcomes of the hybrid approach reported by the several groups have demonstrated 80-100% of false lumen thrombus formation in the proximal descending aorta (stented segment); however, the complete obliteration of the false lumen is only 17-50%. The incidence of distal reoperation/reintervention after hybrid approach is as high as 14% and an adjunctive procedure is often performed. Moreover, there are concerns about additional risks associated with the hybrid procedures, such as spinal cord injury (SCI), stent graft induced new entry and stroke. The data on this new approach are still very limited. Hence, further study is warranted to prove its safety and durability. PMID:27386411

  4. 76 FR 76712 - Pelico Pipeline, LLC; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-08

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Pelico Pipeline, LLC; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing...). Any person desiring to participate in this rate proceeding must file a motion to intervene or to... proceeding. Any person wishing to become a party must file a notice of intervention or motion to...

  5. 76 FR 1152 - Crosstex LIG, LLC; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-07

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Crosstex LIG, LLC; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing... file a motion to intervene or to protest this filing must file in accordance with Rules 211 and 214 of... or motion to intervene, as appropriate. Such notices, motions, or protests must be filed on or...

  6. Acute aortic dissection in pregnant women.

    PubMed

    Yang, Zhaohua; Yang, Shouguo; Wang, Fangshun; Wang, Chunsheng

    2016-05-01

    Acute aortic dissection occurring during pregnancy represents a lethal risk to both the mother and fetus. Management of parturient with acute aortic dissection is complex. We report our experience of two pregnancies with type A acute aortic dissection. One patient is a 31-year-old pregnant woman (33rd gestational week) with a bicuspid aortic valve and the other is a 32-year-old pregnant woman (30th gestational week) with the Marfan syndrome. In both cases, a combined emergency operation consisting of Cesarean section, total hysterectomy prior to corrective surgery for aortic dissection was successfully performed within a relatively short period of time after the onset. Both patients' postoperative recovery was uneventful, and we achieved a favorable maternal and fetal outcome. PMID:25085319

  7. Acute Aortic Dissection Extending Into the Lung.

    PubMed

    Makdisi, George; Said, Sameh M; Schaff, Hartzell V

    2015-07-01

    The radiologic manifestations of ruptured acute aortic dissection, Stanford type A aortic dissection, DeBakey type 1 can present in different radiographic scenarios with devastating outcomes. Here, we present a rare case of a 70-year-old man who presented to the emergency department with chest pain radiating to the back. A chest computed tomography scan showed a Stanford type A, DeBakey type 1, acute aortic dissection ruptured into the aortopulmonary window and stenosing the pulmonary trunk, both main pulmonary arteries, and dissecting the bronchovascular sheaths and flow into the pulmonary interstitium, causing pulmonary interstitial hemorrhage. The patient underwent emergent ascending aorta replacement with hemiarch replacement with circulatory arrest. The postoperative course was unremarkable. PMID:26140779

  8. [Retrograde type A dissection after endovascular stent grafting of type B dissection].

    PubMed

    Misfeld, M; Nötzold, A; Geist, V; Richardt, G; Sievers, H H

    2002-03-01

    Acute aortic dissection is a disease with high mortality. Whereas acute dissection of the ascending aorta (Standford type A) is treated surgically, acute dissection of Stanford type B (descending aorta) is principally treated conservatively, but surgically in case of complications. Recently, another therapeutical option for the treatment of type B dissection has been developed using endovascular stent-grafts. We report on a 64-year-old woman with typical signs of acute aortic dissection. Computer tomography and transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated Stanford type B dissection. The patient was treated with an endovascular stent-graft, because of malperfusion of the right leg and chest pain. After successful closure of the entry by the stent, the patient developed acute right-sided hemiplegia one day after the intervention due to retrograde dissection into the aortic arch and ascending aorta. Upon immediate operation, the origin of the initially type B dissection was still sufficiently occluded by the endovascular stent-graft; however, there was another entry between the innominate artery and the left carotic artery near one proximal end of the stent's strut. Using deep hypothermia and selective antegrade cerebral perfusion, the ascending aorta and proximal arch were replaced with a 28 mm Dacron-Velour tube and the aortic root was remodelled with a tongue-shaped Dacron graft preserving the valve cusps according to a modified Yacoub procedure. After the operation, neurological symptoms diminished and the patient could walk on the ward on day eleven. This case demonstrates retrograde type A dissection as a complication after interventional treatment of type B dissection using an endovascular stent-graft. The reason for this delayed complication is speculative. Aortic wall damage during stent inserting could be a possible cause. It is also likely that the patient initially had type B dissection with retrograde dissection of the distal part of the aortic arch

  9. Coronary Thrombosis without Dissection following Blunt Trauma

    PubMed Central

    Sibel, Michael; Thomas, Peter; Burt, Francis; Cipolla, James; Puleo, Peter; Baker, Keith

    2016-01-01

    Blunt trauma to the chest resulting in coronary thrombosis and ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a rare but well-described occurrence in adults. Angiography in such cases has generally disclosed complete epicardial coronary occlusion with thrombus, indistinguishable from the findings commonly found in spontaneous plaque rupture due to atherosclerotic disease. In all previously reported cases in which coronary interrogation with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) was performed in association with acute revascularization, coronary artery dissection was implicated as the etiology of coronary thrombosis. We present the first case report of blunt trauma-associated coronary thrombosis without underlying atherosclerosis or coronary dissection, as documented by IVUS imaging. PMID:27006836

  10. GPM Dissects Typhoon Hagupit

    NASA Video Gallery

    NASA/JAXA's GPM Dissects Typhoon Hagupit Animation revealing a swath of NASA/JAXA's Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission's Core Observatory GMI precipitation rates over Typhoon Hagupit. A...

  11. Rare Seagull Cooing Murmur from Acute Aortic Dissection

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, J; Cheng, Z; Quan, X; Zhao, Z

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT Acute aortic dissection is a rare but potentially fatal disease. The early recognition of this disease is important for timely treatment. Some signs and symptoms, such as past history of hypertension, tearing pain and pulselessness, can provide valuable clues to the diagnosis of this disease. In this case study, the mechanism of a seagull murmur from aortic dissection is first described. This information is potentially useful for the differential diagnosis of dissection. PMID:26426186

  12. Type A aortic dissection presenting with isolated paraplegia.

    PubMed

    Tsiouris, Athanasios; Morgan, Jeffrey A; Paone, Gaetano

    2012-12-01

    Acute type A thoracic aortic dissections most commonly present with sudden onset of severe chest and/or back pain. We summarize the case of a patient with an acute type A dissection who presented with acute, painless paraplegia caused by malperfusion of the artery of Adamkiewicz. Although an uncommon cause of acute paraplegia, type A dissections should be included in the differential diagnosis. PMID:23262048

  13. Treatment of Vertebro-Basilar Dissecting Aneurysms Using Intravascular Stents

    PubMed Central

    Yamasaki, S.; Hashimoto, K.; Kawano, Y.; Yoshimura, M.; Yamamoto, T.; Hara, M.

    2006-01-01

    Summary Endovascular surgery is an established primary therapeutic modality for dissecting aneurysms at vertebro-basilar arteries. Intravascular stents can be used to treat the dissecting aneurysms for which simple obliteration procedures cannot be used. In such cases, stent implantation alone or a combination of stents and coils need to be selected properly by taking into consideration the site and shape of dissections. In this report, three patterns of stent application are described and their method of selection is discussed. PMID:20569619

  14. Acute aortic dissection caused by Clostridium septicum aortitis.

    PubMed

    Eplinius, Franziska; Hädrich, Carsten

    2014-11-01

    Clostridium septicum aortitis is a rare cause of aortic dissection. So far, only 28 cases have been described in literature before. Most of these cases occurred in elderly patients and an association to colonic neoplasms and/or atherosclerosis has been witnessed frequently. Here we report the case of a 32-year-old man with fatal aortic dissection due to aortic infection with C. septicum. Beside a case of a 22-year-old man who died of aortic dissection due to C. septicum aortitis this is the second case of C. septicum aortitis in a young individual with no signs of colonic neoplasms or atherosclerosis. PMID:25242573

  15. Effectiveness of the Use of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy to Treat Acute Type A Aortic Dissection Complicated with Limb Ischemia: Report of a Case

    PubMed Central

    Nakajima, Kousuke; Chikazawa, Genta; Hiraoka, Arudo; Totsugawa, Toshinori; Sakaguchi, Taichi; Yoshitaka, Hidenori

    2015-01-01

    We report an effectiveness of the use of near-infrared spectroscopy to evaluate the limb perfusion, which helps to continuously measure the tissue oxygen index of bilateral legs in treating acute type A aortic dissection complicated with limb ischemia. A 62-year-old man underwent total arch replacement for acute type A aortic dissection with limb ischemia. Intraoperative retrograde true lumen perfusion via bilateral femoral arteries during cardiopulmonary bypass improved ischemic condition of bilateral legs before the resection of primary intimal tear, and the use of near-infrared spectroscopy made it possible to assess additional revascularizations to the lower limbs were required or not. PMID:26421076

  16. 48 CFR 6101.2 - Filing cases; time limits for filing; notice of docketing; consolidation [Rule 2].

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Filing cases; time limits for filing; notice of docketing; consolidation . 6101.2 Section 6101.2 Federal Acquisition Regulations... Filing cases; time limits for filing; notice of docketing; consolidation . (a) Filing cases. Filing of...

  17. Acute aortic dissection diagnosed after embalming: macroscopic and microscopic findings.

    PubMed

    Savall, Frédéric; Dedouit, Fabrice; Piercecchi-Marti, Marie-Dominique; Leonetti, Georges; Rougé, Daniel; Telmon, Norbert

    2014-09-01

    A 58-year-old man died suddenly in Madagascar and poisoning was suspected. The body was embalmed after death and the general state of preservation was good. We found a major aortic dissection with a large false lumen from the aortic root to the common iliac arteries and a hemopericardium with formalinized blood clot. The intimal tear was on the ascending aorta, and an intramural hemorrhage was noted at the right coronary artery, attesting to a retrograde dissection. Microscopic studies confirmed aortic dissection with extensive intramural hemorrhage and also confirmed the retrograde dissection to the right coronary artery with a reduction of 90% of the true lumen. Classically, aortic dissection occurs in individuals with hypertension and individuals with genetic disorders of collagen formation. The diagnosis is often first established at the postmortem examination. Aortic dissection is therefore dealt with largely in necropsy studies. The usual cause of death is rupture into the pericardial sac. One case of bloodless dissection has been reported but the sudden death was explained by acute myocardial ischemia secondary to dissection of the left coronary artery. In our case, we found major hemopericardium and also intramural hemorrhage at the right coronary artery. We were able to make the diagnosis of aortic dissection and exclude the suspicion of homicide 15 days after death and after embalming. PMID:24684562

  18. Parametric binary dissection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bokhari, Shahid H.; Crockett, Thomas W.; Nicol, David M.

    1993-01-01

    Binary dissection is widely used to partition non-uniform domains over parallel computers. This algorithm does not consider the perimeter, surface area, or aspect ratio of the regions being generated and can yield decompositions that have poor communication to computation ratio. Parametric Binary Dissection (PBD) is a new algorithm in which each cut is chosen to minimize load + lambda x(shape). In a 2 (or 3) dimensional problem, load is the amount of computation to be performed in a subregion and shape could refer to the perimeter (respectively surface) of that subregion. Shape is a measure of communication overhead and the parameter permits us to trade off load imbalance against communication overhead. When A is zero, the algorithm reduces to plain binary dissection. This algorithm can be used to partition graphs embedded in 2 or 3-d. Load is the number of nodes in a subregion, shape the number of edges that leave that subregion, and lambda the ratio of time to communicate over an edge to the time to compute at a node. An algorithm is presented that finds the depth d parametric dissection of an embedded graph with n vertices and e edges in O(max(n log n, de)) time, which is an improvement over the O(dn log n) time of plain binary dissection. Parallel versions of this algorithm are also presented; the best of these requires O((n/p) log(sup 3)p) time on a p processor hypercube, assuming graphs of bounded degree. How PBD is applied to 3-d unstructured meshes and yields partitions that are better than those obtained by plain dissection is described. Its application to the color image quantization problem is also discussed, in which samples in a high-resolution color space are mapped onto a lower resolution space in a way that minimizes the color error.

  19. Early diagnosis and surgical intervention of acute aortic dissection by transesophageal color flow mapping.

    PubMed

    Adachi, H; Kyo, S; Takamoto, S; Kimura, S; Yokote, Y; Omoto, R

    1990-11-01

    To determine whether transesophageal color Doppler echocardiography (TEE) is useful for the early diagnosis and surgical intervention in acute aortic dissection, 57 serial patients with acute aortic dissection were examined. These patients were evaluated by TEE with either the single-plane probe (39 patients) or the biplanar probe (18 patients) just after admission. The intimal flap was detected in all patients, and there were 18 patients with type A dissection and 39 patients with type B dissection. The entry was visualized in 83% of type A dissection cases and in 90% of type B dissection cases. In two of 18 patients examined with the biplanar probe technique, the entry was detected in the longitudinal view only. Emergency operations were performed in 18 patients with type A dissection and in 10 patients with ruptured type B dissection. Twenty-nine of 39 patients with type B dissection were treated conservatively. The operative mortality rate of patients with type A dissection was 22%, and that of patients with ruptured type B dissection was 60%. The major advantage of TEE is its ease of application at the bedside or in the operating room, which allows immediate and accurate diagnosis of acute aortic dissection for emergency surgical intervention. Biplanar TEE provides additional acoustic windows, ease of spatial orientation, and more accurate visualization of entry. TEE is a useful and powerful diagnostic tool for acute aortic dissection, and by using this method, one may achieve a more rapid and aggressive surgical approach for patients with acute aortic dissection. PMID:2225402

  20. Is dissection humane?

    PubMed Central

    Hasan, Tabinda

    2011-01-01

    Dissection is being jeopardized in the modern medical education. It has unrelentingly faced the lashes of time and has been the scapegoat for numerous convenient curricula reforms and subjective biases. The cadaver is unparallel in establishing core knowledge among the medical community and it needs to be appreciated in a new light in the “cyber anatomy” realm of today. This article elucidates the medical and ethical validity of continuing human body dissection in medicine which outweighs all the prejudices associated with it. PMID:23908746

  1. Dissecting Diversity Part II

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthews, Frank

    2005-01-01

    This article presents "Dissecting Diversity, Part II," the conclusion of a wide-ranging two-part roundtable discussion on diversity in higher education. The participants were as follows: Lezli Baskerville, J.D., President and CEO of the National Association for Equal Opportunity (NAFEO); Dr. Gerald E. Gipp, Executive Director of the American…

  2. Endoscopic submucosal dissection for flat or sessile colorectal neoplasia > 20 mm: A European single-center series of 182 cases

    PubMed Central

    Sauer, Malte; Hildenbrand, Ralf; Oyama, Tsuneo; Sido, Bernd; Yahagi, Naohisa; Dumoulin, Franz Ludwig

    2016-01-01

    Background and study aims: Colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is an attractive method for en bloc resection of larger flat neoplastic lesions. Experience with this method is limited in the Western World. Patients and methods: A total of 182 consecutive flat or sessile colorectal lesions (cecum n = 43; right-sided colon n = 65; left-sided colon n = 11, rectum: n = 63) with a size > 20 mm (mean 41.0 ± 17.4 mm) were resected in 178 patients. The data were recorded prospectively. Results: ESD was technically feasible in 85.2 % of patients with a mean procedure time of 127.5 min (± 99.8) min and a complication rate of 11.5 % (microperforation 9.3 %, delayed bleeding 2.7 %, no case of emergency surgery, 30-day mortality rate 0 %). For 155 successfully completed procedures the en bloc and R0 resection rates were 88.4 and 62.6 %. Efficacy was better for smaller lesions (20 mm to 49 mm; n = 131) than for larger lesions (50 mm to 140 mm; n = 51) with R0 rates of 70.8 vs. 40.5 % (P < 0.001) and procedure times of 92.7 ± 62.4 minutes vs. 217.0 ± 120.9 minutes (P < 0,001). Conclusions: This series confirms the efficacy of ESD for en bloc resection of colorectal lesions > 20 mm. Results are satisfactory for lesions up to 50 mm. ESD for larger lesions was associated with low R0 resection rates and very long procedure times. The clinical consequences of microperforations were minor and do not argue against the spread of ESD in the West. Meeting presentations: The data were presented in part at DDW 2014, Chicago IL, USA (Gastrointest Endosc 2014; 79: AB536) PMID:27540580

  3. Intraoperative aortic dissection in pediatric heart surgery.

    PubMed

    Hibino, Narutoshi; Harada, Yorikazu; Hiramatsu, Takeshi; Yasukochi, Satoshi; Satomi, Gengi

    2006-06-01

    Intraoperative aortic dissection occurred in a 3-year-old-boy undergoing repair of an atrial septal defect. Transesophageal echocardiography was useful for the diagnosis, and conservative medical treatment under close observation was feasible in this case which involved a limited intimal tear. PMID:16714685

  4. Alternatives To Dissection. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeRosa, Bill, Ed.; Winiarskyj, Lesia, Ed.

    This packet attempts to provide educationally sound alternatives to dissection in the classroom, thereby making it possible for teachers to eliminate dissection from the curriculum. This packet can also be used by educators who include dissection in their curricula but consider it important to respect the expression of students' ethical, moral, or…

  5. Painless Aortic Dissection Presenting as Paraplegia

    PubMed Central

    Colak, Necmettin; Nazli, Yunus; Alpay, Mehmet Fatih; Akkaya, Ismail Olgun; Cakir, Omer

    2012-01-01

    Acute dissection of the aorta can be life-threatening. As a presenting manifestation of aortic dissection, neurologic complications such as paraplegia are rare. Herein, we report the case of a 51-year-old man who presented with sudden-onset paraplegia and ischemia of the legs, with no chest or back pain. His medical history included coronary artery bypass grafting. Physical examination revealed pulseless lower extremities, and computed tomography showed aortic dissection from the ascending aorta to the common iliac arteries bilaterally. A lumbar catheter was inserted for cerebrospinal fluid drainage, and axillary arterial cannulation was established. With the use of cardiopulmonary bypass, the aortic dissection was corrected, and the previous coronary artery grafts were reattached. The surgery restored spinal and lower-extremity perfusion, and the patient walked unaided from the hospital upon his discharge 5 days later. Although acute aortic dissection presenting as paraplegia is rare, it should be considered in patients who have pulseless femoral arteries bilaterally and sudden-onset paraplegia, despite no pain in the chest or back. Prompt diagnosis and intervention can prevent morbidity and death. PMID:22740752

  6. Nearly Asymptomatic Eight-Month Thoracic Aortic Dissection

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Arjun; Kumar, Krishan; Zeltser, Roman; Makaryus, Amgad N.

    2016-01-01

    Thoracic aortic dissection is a rare, but lethal, medical condition that is either misdiagnosed as a myocardial infarction or overlooked completely. Though thoracic aortic dissections are commonly diagnosed in patients exhibiting sharp chest pain, there are some notable cases where patients do not report the expected severity of pain. We report a unique case of a patient with a thoracic aortic dissection who was initially nearly asymptomatic for eight months, in order to heighten awareness, highlight diagnosis protocol, and improve prognosis for this commonly misdiagnosed, but fatal, condition. PMID:27257400

  7. 78 FR 2437 - Corrected: Certain Cases For Portable Electronic Devices; Notice of Receipt of Complaint...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-11

    ...Notice is hereby given that the U.S. International Trade Commission has received a complaint entitled Certain Cases For Portable Electronic Devices, DN 2927; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by the complaint or complainant's filing under section 210.8(b) of the Commission's Rules of Practice and Procedure (19 CFR...

  8. 78 FR 116 - Certain Cases for Portable Electronic Devices: Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-02

    ...Notice is hereby given that the U.S. International Trade Commission has received a complaint entitled Certain Cases For Portable Electronic Devices, DN 2927; the Commission is soliciting comments on any public interest issues raised by the complaint or complainant's filing under section 210.8(b) of the Commission's Rules of Practice and Procedure (19 CFR...

  9. CrossFit-related cervical internal carotid artery dissection.

    PubMed

    Lu, Albert; Shen, Peter; Lee, Paul; Dahlin, Brian; Waldau, Ben; Nidecker, Anna E; Nundkumar, Anoop; Bobinski, Matthew

    2015-08-01

    CrossFit is a high-intensity strength and conditioning program that has gained popularity over the past decade. Potential injuries associated with CrossFit training have been suggested in past reports. We report three cases of cervical carotid dissection that are associated with CrossFit workouts. Patient 1 suffered a distal cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection near the skull base and a small infarct in Wernicke's area. He was placed on anticoagulation and on follow-up has near complete recovery. Patient 2 suffered a proximal cervical ICA dissection that led to arterial occlusion and recurrent middle cerebral artery territory infarcts and significant neurological sequelae. Patient 3 had a skull base ICA dissection that led to a partial Horner's syndrome but no cerebral infarct. While direct causality cannot be proven, intense CrossFit workouts may have led to the ICA dissections in these patients. PMID:25917634

  10. Aortic dissection--an update.

    PubMed

    Mukherjee, Debabrata; Eagle, Kim A

    2005-06-01

    Acute aortic dissection is a medical emergency with high morbidity and mortality requiring emergent diagnosis and therapy. Rapid advances in noninvasive imaging technology have facilitated the early diagnosis of this condition and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any patient with chest, back, or abdominal pain. Emergent surgery is the treatment for patients with type A dissection while optimal medical therapy is appropriate in patients with uncomplicated type B dissection. Adequate beta-blockade is the cornerstone of medical therapy. Patients who survive acute aortic dissection need long-term medical therapy with beta-blockers and statins and appropriate serial imaging follow-up. Future advances in this field include biomarkers in the early diagnosis of acute aortic dissection and presymptomatic diagnosis with genetic screening. Overall patients with aortic dissection are at high risk for an adverse outcome and need to be managed aggressively in hospital and long term with frequent follow-up. PMID:15973249

  11. [Stent-assisted embolization for ruptured vertebral artery dissection involving the origin of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery:a case report of staged strategy].

    PubMed

    Fukuda, Kenji; Higashi, Toshio; Yoshioka, Tsutomu; Shigemori, Yutaka; Iwaasa, Mitsutoshi; Miki, Koichi; Inoue, Tooru

    2015-04-01

    We report a ruptured vertebral artery dissection (VAD) involving the origin of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery(PICA)treated by a staged strategy with stent-assisted coil embolization. A 52-year-old woman was admitted with a ruptured right VAD involving the origin of the developed PICA. Endovascular internal trapping of the enlarged distal VAD was performed (Stage 1). After 1 month, following confirmation of platelet inhabitation (Stage 2) an Enterprise stent (Cordis Neurovascular, Miami Lakes, FL) placement from the PICA to the proximal VA with coil embolization for proximal VAD was performed under dual antiplatelet therapy. The dissected VA segment was occluded by coil embolization and the PICA was preserved. Advantages of this staged treatment are the avoidance of ischemic/hemorrhagic complications due to antithrombotic therapy when stent placement to the PICA is planned during the acute stage of SAH and confirmation of platelet inhabitation before stent placement in second treatment. VAD can be occluded, and this challenging endovascular treatment can be a therapeutic option for a ruptured VAD. PMID:25838304

  12. J incision in neck dissections.

    PubMed

    Acar, A; Dursun, G; Aydin, O; Akbaş, Y

    1998-01-01

    Metastasis in the neck lymph system of primary tumours of the head and neck is frequently seen. In order to prevent this metastasis, neck dissection is carried out by various types of skin incisions. In this study, types of skin incision used in neck dissections were defined, and the advantages, disadvantages and results of J incisions, which have been performed on 320 radical neck dissection patients in our clinic between 1985-1996, were compared with those of other incision types. PMID:9538447

  13. Intraoperative aortic dissection

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Ajmer; Mehta, Yatin

    2015-01-01

    Intraoperative aortic dissection is a rare but fatal complication of open heart surgery. By recognizing the population at risk and by using a gentle operative technique in such patients, the surgeon can usually avoid iatrogenic injury to the aorta. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography and epiaortic scanning are invaluable for prompt diagnosis and determination of the extent of the injury. Prevention lies in the strict control of blood pressure during cannulation/decannulation, construction of proximal anastomosis, or in avoiding manipulation of the aorta in high-risk patients. Immediate repair using interposition graft or Dacron patch graft is warranted to reduce the high mortality associated with this complication. PMID:26440240

  14. 76 FR 36913 - Washington Gas Light Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Washington Gas Light Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline Take notice that on June 15, 2011, Washington Gas Light Company (Washington Gas) filed...

  15. 75 FR 56093 - Eagle Rock Desoto Pipeline, LP; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Eagle Rock Desoto Pipeline, LP; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline September 8, 2010. Take notice that on September 8, 2010, Eagle Rock Desoto Pipeline, L.P. (Eagle Rock) filed a request...

  16. 76 FR 76711 - DCP Raptor Pipeline, LLC; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-08

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission DCP Raptor Pipeline, LLC; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing...). Any person desiring to participate in this rate proceeding must file a motion to intervene or to... proceeding. Any person wishing to become a party must file a notice of intervention or motion to...

  17. 76 FR 40907 - Ohio Valley Hub, LLC; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-12

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Ohio Valley Hub, LLC; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing... desiring to participate in this rate proceeding must file a motion to intervene or to protest this filing... to become a party must file a notice of intervention or motion to intervene, as appropriate....

  18. 76 FR 51969 - New Mexico Gas Company, Inc.; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-19

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission New Mexico Gas Company, Inc.; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case...,150 (May 20, 2010). Any person desiring to participate in this rate proceeding must file a motion to... the proceeding. Any person wishing to become a party must file a notice of intervention or motion...

  19. 76 FR 39869 - Lee 8 Storage Partnership; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-07

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Lee 8 Storage Partnership; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case...,150 (May 20, 2010). Any person desiring to participate in this rate proceeding must file a motion to... the proceeding. Any person wishing to become a party must file a notice of intervention or motion...

  20. 76 FR 18754 - J-W Pipeline Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-05

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission J-W Pipeline Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing... desiring to participate in this rate proceeding must file a motion to intervene or to protest this filing... to become a party must file a notice of intervention or motion to intervene, as appropriate....

  1. 76 FR 23808 - Humble Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-28

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Humble Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case...,150 (May 20, 2010). Any person desiring to participate in this rate proceeding must file a motion to... the proceeding. Any person wishing to become a party must file a notice of intervention or motion...

  2. 76 FR 81927 - EasTrans, LLC; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-29

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission EasTrans, LLC; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline...). Any person desiring to participate in this rate proceeding must file a motion to intervene or to... proceeding. Any person wishing to become a party must file a notice of intervention or motion to...

  3. 76 FR 41240 - Northwest Natural Gas Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-13

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Northwest Natural Gas Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case... file a motion to intervene or to protest this filing must file in accordance with Rules 211 and 214 of... or motion to intervene, as appropriate. Such notices, motions, or protests must be filed on or...

  4. 76 FR 2902 - National Fuel Gas Distribution Corporation; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-18

    ... Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline January 11, 2011. Take notice that on January 10, 2011...). Any person desiring to participate in this rate proceeding must file a motion to intervene or to... proceeding. Any person wishing to become a party must file a notice of intervention or motion to...

  5. 77 FR 55469 - Kinder Morgan Border Pipeline LLC; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-10

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Kinder Morgan Border Pipeline LLC; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline Take notice that on August 30, 2012, Kinder Morgan Border Pipeline LLC (KM Border... Hinshaw pipelines to extend the cycle for such reviews from three to five years.\\1\\ Therefore, KM...

  6. Diagnosis of lateral pelvic lymph node metastasis of T1 lower rectal cancer using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging: A case report with lateral pelvic lymph node dissection of lower rectal cancer

    PubMed Central

    OGAWA, SHIMPEI; ITABASHI, MICHIO; HIROSAWA, TOMOICHIRO; HASHIMOTO, TAKUZO; BAMBA, YOSHIKO; OKAMOTO, TAKAHIRO

    2016-01-01

    The present study presented a 35-year-old female patient in whom fecal occult blood was detected in a medical check-up. Colonoscopy revealed a superficial elevated-type tumor with central depression in the lower rectum. The tumor was diagnosed as T1 deep invasive cancer. No swollen lymph nodes or distant metastasis were found on computed tomography or [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography with computed tomography. However, a swollen right lateral pelvic lymph node (LPLN; short axis 4 mm) was revealed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This lymph node exhibited high intensity on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), suggesting metastasis. Low anterior resection, regional lymph node dissection and right LPLN dissection (LPLD) were performed. Histological analysis revealed metastasis in the right LPLN, as suggested by the high DWI intensity. The indication for LPLD in the current Japanese guidelines is based on the tumor location and depth of invasion (≥T3), however, not on the status of LPLN metastasis in pre-operative evaluation. The present case was cT1, which is not included in this indication. DWI is sensitive for the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis of colorectal cancer, although inflammation-induced swelling of lymph nodes in advanced rectal cancer may cause a false-positive result, which is uncommon in T1 cases. Therefore, an LPLN with a high intensity DWI signal in T1 cases is likely to be metastasis-positive. Pre-operative DWI-MRI may be useful for identifying LPLN metastasis when planning the treatment strategy in these cases. The present study suggested reinvestigation of the indication for LPLD with inclusion of LPLN status on pre-operative imaging. PMID:27123286

  7. Bilateral popliteal arterial dissection.

    PubMed

    Chen, Po-Liang; Ko, Shih-Yu; Tan, Ken-Hing

    2012-01-01

    A clinical feature of bilateral popliteal arterial dissection without involving the descending aorta, bilateral iliac, as well as femoral arteries has never been reported in the past literature. We report a 56-year-old man with hypertension and coronary artery disease who presented to our emergency department with complaints of bilateral knee pain after long-distance walking. Physical examination was notable for elevated blood pressure, but there was no palpable pulsation over dorsalis pedis arteries on his feet. Laboratory evaluation revealed a d-dimer level of 35.2 mg/L (FEU) on the day of the test and 1.2 mg/L one and a half months ago (normal level, <0.55). These findings were suggestive of a recent-onset peripheral arterial occlusive disorder. Computed tomography of the aorta showed bilateral popliteal arterial dissection with arterial intimal flap. Abdominal aorta, bilateral iliac, and femoral arteries remained intact with only arteriosclerotic change. Minimally invasive endovascular stent grafting was then performed. The patient had an uneventful recovery. PMID:21106320

  8. Principles of Quality Controlled Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection with Appropriate Dissection Level and High Quality Resected Specimen

    PubMed Central

    Nishino, Eisei; Man-i, Mariko; East, James E.; Azuma, Takeshi

    2012-01-01

    Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has enabled en bloc resection of early stage gastrointestinal tumors with negligible risk of lymph node metastasis, regardless of tumor size, location, and shape. However, ESD is a relatively difficult technique compared with conventional endoscopic mucosal resection, requiring a longer procedure time and potentially causing more complications. For safe and reproducible procedure of ESD, the appropriate dissection of the ramified vascular network in the level of middle submucosal layer is required to reach the avascular stratum just above the muscle layer. The horizontal approach to maintain the appropriate depth for dissection beneath the vascular network enables treatment of difficult cases with large vessels and severe fibrosis. The most important aspect of ESD is the precise evaluation of curability. This approach can also secure the quality of the resected specimen with enough depth of the submucosal layer. PMID:23251883

  9. Successful subcarinal dissection using a laparoscopic transhiatal approach for esophageal cancer with an anomalous pulmonary vein.

    PubMed

    Shiozaki, Atsushi; Fujiwara, Hitoshi; Konishi, Hirotaka; Kosuga, Toshiyuki; Komatsu, Shuhei; Ichikawa, Daisuke; Okamoto, Kazuma; Otsuji, Eigo

    2016-04-01

    We herein reported a case of a dangerous anomaly of a pulmonary vein in subcarinal dissection. A 74-year-old man underwent esophagectomy with systematic nodal dissection using a laparoscopic transhiatal approach. Under pneumomediastinum pressure, dissection of the posterior plane of the pericardium was extended, and a vessel that independently drained into the left atrium was identified. Although this anomalous vein penetrated the subcarinal lymph nodes and crossed behind the right main bronchi, subcarinal dissection was successfully performed without its injury. Our surgical procedure enabled the intraoperative identification of this rare abnormality, an aberrant segmental vein in the right upper lobe, and safe en bloc subcarinal dissection. PMID:26856596

  10. [Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair Following Axillo-femoral Bypass in a Patient with Stanford B Acute Aortic Dissection Accompanied by Abdominal Visceral Ischemia;Report of a Case].

    PubMed

    Nishimoto, Takayuki; Bonkohara, Yukihiro; Azuma, Takashi; Iijima, Masaki; Higashidate, Masafumi

    2016-09-01

    A 60-year-old woman was transfer-red to the emergency department of our medical center with worsening chest and back pain. Computed tomography revealed Stanford type B aortic dissection. There was a false lumen from the distal arch to the abdominal aorta just above the celiac artery. Although she was at 1st treated conservatively, she abruptly developed acute renal failure and lower limb ischemia because of an enlarged false lumen, and emergency axillo-femoral bypass surgery was performed with an 8 mm tube graft. However, renal failure gradually worsened, which necessitated continuous hemodiafiltration was performed. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair was then performed, and her renal function recovered. PMID:27586321

  11. Dissection of the right coronary artery following blunt cardiac injury

    PubMed Central

    Vogiatzis, I; Dapcevic, I

    2015-01-01

    Background Coronary artery dissection is a rare complication of blunt thoracic trauma which can become rapidly lethal necessitating prompt diagnosis and treatment. Most reported cases of coronary artery injury, including dissection, involve the left anterior descending coronary artery, given its anatomical location in relation to the impact. Description of case A 72-year-old male, who was involved in a vehicular accident, sustained blunt thoracic trauma which resulted in isolated right coronary artery dissection and acute myocardial infarction. The culprit lesion was found in coronary angiography in the proximal right coronary artery and was successfully repaired with percutaneous coronary intervention and one drug-eluting stent placement. Conclusion Traumatic dissection of coronary arteries must be suspected in blunt thoracic trauma. It can be treated with interventional management and results in a fairly good prognosis. Hippokratia 2015; 19 (3): 278-280. PMID:27418793

  12. "Dissection" of a Hair Dryer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisenstein, Stan; Simpson, Jeff

    2008-01-01

    The electrical design of the common hair dryer is based almost entirely on relatively simple principles learned in introductory physics classes. Just as biology students dissect a frog to see the principles of anatomy in action, physics students can "dissect" a hair dryer to see how principles of electricity are used in a real system. They can…

  13. Descending thoracic aorta dissection associated with esophageal carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Saha, Kaushik; Saha, Debabrata; Bandyopadhyay, Ankan; Jash, Debraj

    2013-01-01

    The association of aortic dissection with a malignancy is a rare finding and previous reports are usually those of primary aortic sarcomas. A 45-year-old male presented to us with chest pain and dysphagia for 1 month with a background history of obstructive airway disease and uncontrolled hypertension. In this report we present a case of typical descending aorta dissection with associated esophageal carcinoma. PMID:24455548

  14. [Stent Grafting for Aortic Dissection].

    PubMed

    Uchida, Naomichi

    2016-07-01

    The purpose of stent graft for aortic dissection is to terminate antegrade blood flow into the false lumen through primary entry. Early intervention for primary entry makes excellent aortic remodeling and emergent stent grafting for complicated acute type B aortic dissection is supported as a class I. On the other hand stent grafting for chronic aortic dissection is controversial. Early stent grafting is considered with in 6 months after on-set if the diameter of the descending aorta is more than 40 mm. Additional interventions for residual false lumen on the downstream aorta are still required. Stent graft for re-entry, candy-plug technique, and double stenting, other effective re-interventions were reported. Best treatment on the basis of each anatomical and physical characteristics should be selected in each institution. Frozen elephant trunk is alternative procedure for aortic dissection without the need to take account of proximal anatomical limitation and effective for acute type A aortic dissection. PMID:27440026

  15. Automatic Dissection Of Plantlets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Batchelor, B. G.; Harris, I. P.; Marchant, J. A.; Tillett, R. D.

    1989-03-01

    Micropropagation is a technique used in horticulture for generating a monoclonal colony of plants. A tiny plantlet is cut into several parts, each of which is then replanted. At the moment, the cutting is performed manually. Automating this task would have significant economic benefits. A robot designed to dissect plants would need to be equipped with intelligent visual sensing. This article is concerned with the image acquisition and processing techniques which such a machine might use. A program, which can calculate where to cut a plant with an "open" structure, is presented. This is expressed in the ProVision language, which is described in another article presented at this conference. (Article 1002-65)

  16. Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection.

    PubMed

    Tweet, Marysia S; Gulati, Rajiv; Hayes, Sharonne N

    2016-07-01

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is an important etiology of nonatherosclerotic acute coronary syndrome, myocardial infarction, and sudden death. Innovations in the catheterization laboratory including optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound have enhanced the ability to visualize intimal disruption and intramural hematoma associated with SCAD. Formerly considered "rare," these technological advances and heightened awareness suggest that SCAD is more prevalent than prior estimates. SCAD is associated with female sex, young age, extreme emotional stress, or extreme exertion, pregnancy, and fibromuscular dysplasia. The clinical characteristics and management strategies of SCAD patients are different than for atherosclerotic heart disease and deserve specific consideration. This review will highlight recent discoveries about SCAD as well as describe current efforts to elucidate remaining gaps in knowledge. PMID:27216840

  17. Acute Type A Aortic Dissection Missed as Acute Coronary Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Ansari-Ramandi, Mohammad Mostafa; Firoozi, Ata

    2016-01-01

    Although the aortic dissection is not common, its outcome is frequently fatal, and many patients with aortic dissection die before referral to the hospital or any diagnostic testing. The symptoms of aortic dissection can be similar to myocardial ischemia. A 66-year-old male was referred to our hospital with suspicion of aortic dissection after echocardiography done for evaluating his high blood pressure. He had symptoms of acute coronary syndrome two years before and had done coronary angiography. On presentation to our hospital he had a high blood pressure. On reviewing his past medical history and examining, in the film of coronary angiography, the dissection flap in ascending aorta was identified. Although type A aortic dissection is a catastrophic condition with high mortality and requires prompt surgical treatment but in some cases it may be misdiagnosed as acute coronary syndrome. Sometimes against its high mortality when left untreated, patients survive and are diagnosed later in life incidentally. So it is of great importance to have great clinical suspicion for aortic dissection in patients referring to the hospital with chest pain and the predisposing factors. PMID:27437290

  18. Coronary artery dissection with rupture of aortic valve commissure following type A aortic dissection: the role of 64-slice MDCT.

    PubMed

    Das, K M; Abdou, Sayed M; El-Menyar, Ayman; Ayman, El Menyar; Khulaifi, A A; Nabti, A L

    2008-01-01

    A rare case of bilateral coronary artery dissection with rupture of aortic valve commissure following type A aortic dissection is described. 64-slice multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) was able to demonstrate both this findings along with involvement of other neck vessels. TEE demonstrated the severity and mechanisms of aortic valve damage and assisted the surgeon in valve repair. MDCT has played an invaluable role in the diagnosis of the abnormal details of such life-threatening vascular complications. PMID:18384568

  19. Cerebrum-cervical arterial dissection in adults during sports and recreation.

    PubMed

    Fragoso, Yara Dadalti; Adoni, Tarso; Amaral, Lazaro Luiz Faria do; Braga, Flavio Tulio; Brooks, Joseph Bruno Bidin; Campos, Christiane Siqueira; Comini-Frota, Elizabeth Regina; Ferreira, Nelson Paes Fortes Diniz; Giacon, Luciano Marcus Tirotti; Gomes, Sidney; Goncalves, Marcus Vinicius Magno; Magalhaes, Pedro Silva Correa; Matta, Andre Palma da Cunha; Oliveira, Francisco Tomaz Meneses de; Oliveira, Joao Felipe de; Pierucettti, Marco Antonio; Pereira, Samira Luísa Dos Apostolos; Pontes, Maciel Eduardo; Siquineli, Fabio

    2016-04-01

    Dissection of cervical arteries constitutes a medical emergency. Although relatively rarely, activities classified as sports and recreation may be a cause of arterial dissection independently of neck or head trauma. The purpose of the present paper was to present a series of cases of cerebrum-cervical arterial dissection in individuals during or soon after the practice of these sports activities. Methods Retrospective data on patients with arterial dissection related to sports and recreation. Results Forty-one cases were identified. The most frequently affected vessel was the vertebral artery. A large variety of activities had a temporal relationship to arterial dissection, and jogging was the most frequent of these. This is the largest case series in the literature. Conclusion Arterial dissection may be a complication from practicing sports. PMID:26445125

  20. 48 CFR 6101.2 - Filing cases; time limits for filing; notice of docketing; consolidation [Rule 2].

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Filing cases; time limits... Filing cases; time limits for filing; notice of docketing; consolidation . (a) Filing cases. Filing of a... machine number, and e-mail address, if available, of the contracting officer whose decision is...

  1. 48 CFR 6101.2 - Filing cases; time limits for filing; notice of docketing; consolidation [Rule 2].

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Filing cases; time limits... Filing cases; time limits for filing; notice of docketing; consolidation . (a) Filing cases. Filing of a... machine number, and e-mail address, if available, of the contracting officer whose decision is...

  2. 48 CFR 6101.2 - Filing cases; time limits for filing; notice of docketing; consolidation [Rule 2].

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Filing cases; time limits... Filing cases; time limits for filing; notice of docketing; consolidation . (a) Filing cases. Filing of a... machine number, and e-mail address, if available, of the contracting officer whose decision is...

  3. 48 CFR 6101.2 - Filing cases; time limits for filing; notice of docketing; consolidation [Rule 2].

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Filing cases; time limits... Filing cases; time limits for filing; notice of docketing; consolidation . (a) Filing cases. Filing of a... machine number, and e-mail address, if available, of the contracting officer whose decision is...

  4. An Electrosurgical Endoknife with a Water-Jet Function (Flushknife) Proves Its Merits in Colorectal Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection Especially for the Cases Which Should Be Removed En Bloc

    PubMed Central

    Takeuchi, Yoji; Ishihara, Ryu; Iishi, Hiroyasu; Hanaoka, Noboru; Higashino, Koji; Uedo, Noriya

    2013-01-01

    Background. Previously, we reported that the Flushknife (electrosurgical endoknife with a water-jet function) could reduce the operation time of colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) however, suitable situation for the Flushknife was obscure. This subgroup analysis of a prospective randomized controlled trial was aimed to investigate the suitable situation for the Flushknife. Methods. A total of 48 superficial colorectal neoplasms that underwent ESD using either the Flexknife or the Flushknife in a referral center were enrolled. The differences of operation time between the Flexknife and the Flushknife groups in each subgroup (tumor size, location, and macroscopic type) were analyzed. Results. Median (95% CI) operation time calculated using survival curves was significantly shorter in the Flushknife group than in the Flexknife group (55.5 min [41, 78] versus 74.0 [57, 90] min; P = 0.039, Hazard Ratio HR: 0.53; 95% CI (0.29–0.97)). In particular, the HR in patients with laterally spreading tumors-nongranular type (LST-NG) in the Flushknife group was significantly smaller than in the Flexknife group (HR: 0.165→0.17; 95% CI (0.04–0.66)). There was a trend of decreasing HRs according to larger lesion size. Conclusions. The Flushknife proved its merits in colorectal ESD especially for the lesions which should be removed en bloc (LST-NG and large lesion). PMID:24174933

  5. An electrosurgical endoknife with a water-jet function (flushknife) proves its merits in colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection especially for the cases which should be removed en bloc.

    PubMed

    Takeuchi, Yoji; Shimokawa, Toshio; Ishihara, Ryu; Iishi, Hiroyasu; Hanaoka, Noboru; Higashino, Koji; Uedo, Noriya

    2013-01-01

    Background. Previously, we reported that the Flushknife (electrosurgical endoknife with a water-jet function) could reduce the operation time of colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) however, suitable situation for the Flushknife was obscure. This subgroup analysis of a prospective randomized controlled trial was aimed to investigate the suitable situation for the Flushknife. Methods. A total of 48 superficial colorectal neoplasms that underwent ESD using either the Flexknife or the Flushknife in a referral center were enrolled. The differences of operation time between the Flexknife and the Flushknife groups in each subgroup (tumor size, location, and macroscopic type) were analyzed. Results. Median (95% CI) operation time calculated using survival curves was significantly shorter in the Flushknife group than in the Flexknife group (55.5 min [41, 78] versus 74.0 [57, 90] min; P = 0.039, Hazard Ratio HR: 0.53; 95% CI (0.29-0.97)). In particular, the HR in patients with laterally spreading tumors-nongranular type (LST-NG) in the Flushknife group was significantly smaller than in the Flexknife group (HR: 0.165→0.17; 95% CI (0.04-0.66)). There was a trend of decreasing HRs according to larger lesion size. Conclusions. The Flushknife proved its merits in colorectal ESD especially for the lesions which should be removed en bloc (LST-NG and large lesion). PMID:24174933

  6. [Aortic dissections: recent endovascular therapeutic advances and current indications].

    PubMed

    Koskas, F; Cluzel, Ph; Kieffer, E

    2002-12-01

    Dissection is one of the most serious diseases of the aorta if only because of its potential for rupture, but also for other complications which may be fatal. Replacement with a prosthesis remains the treatment of reference as an emergency for proximal dissection and as an elective procedure for selected cases of distal dissection with complications. Despite steady progress in ancillary management (distal perfusion, circulatory arrest, cardiac, neurological and visceral protection) the operation remains a very invasive procedure. Aortic endoprostheses represent the therapeutic innovation of the decade for the treatment of aortic aneurysms and their use could be extended to dissections, at least for the most distal forms and to patients at very high surgical risk. PMID:12611040

  7. Experience with parametric binary dissection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bokhari, Shahid H.

    1993-01-01

    Parametric Binary Dissection (PBD) is a new algorithm that can be used for partitioning graphs embedded in 2- or 3-dimensional space. It partitions explicitly on the basis of nodes + (lambda)x(edges cut), where lambda is the ratio of time to communicate over an edge to the time to compute at a node. The new algorithm is faster than the original binary dissection algorithm and attempts to obtain better partitions than the older algorithm, which only takes nodes into account. The performance of parametric dissection with plain binary dissection on 3 large unstructured 3-d meshes obtained from computational fluid dynamics and on 2 random graphs were compared. It was showm that the new algorithm can usually yield partitions that are substantially superior, but that its performance is heavily dependent on the input data.

  8. Effect of Octreotide Injection on Postoperative Drainage After Neck Dissection: A Preliminary Report of a Prospective, Matched Case-Control Study

    PubMed Central

    Ahn, Dongbin; Jeon, Jae Han; Kim, Heejin; Sohn, Jin Ho

    2016-01-01

    Objectives Somatostatin inhibits lymph production and reduces lymph flow into the lymphatic duct. We hypothesized that octreotide, a long-acting somatostatin analog, would reduce drainage after neck dissection (ND) by reducing the overall lymphatic flow in the neck as well as thoracic duct flow. Methods From 2012 to 2014, total 123 patients who had undergone left-sided comprehensive ND, were divided into an octreotide group (49 patients) and a control group (74 patients). Seventeen patients from the octreotide group and 17 from the control group were individually matched by age (±10 years), sex, body mass index (±1 kg/m2), type of cancer, surgeon, and the extent of surgery. These 34 patients were finally included in the study. Results The total fluid drainage volume (540.9 mL vs. 707.9 mL) and drainage volume during the period of octreotide use (the first 5 postoperative days) (461.1 mL vs. 676.4 mL) were significantly lower in the octreotide group. The duration of drain placement (6.3 days vs. 9.4 days) was also shorter in the octreotide group. In the octreotide group, the mean triglyceride concentration in the drainage fluid was significantly lower than that in the control group (43.1 mg/dL vs. 88.8 mg/dL). There was no complication associated with the use of octreotide. Conclusion Our study has shown that postoperative octreotide injections reduce postoperative drainage and the duration of drain placement. Further studies with larger patient populations are warranted to confirm these results and to evaluate the clinical benefits for patients. PMID:27090270

  9. Cervical arterial dissection: current concepts .

    PubMed

    Menon, Ranjith K; Norris, John W

    2008-10-01

    The increasing use and safety of noninvasive imaging in recent years has revealed the surprising frequency of dissection of the carotid and vertebral arteries (cervical arterial dissection [CAD]) as a cause of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. This review is an overview of current concepts and practice of patients with CAD, but our ideas are constantly evolving with new discoveries from neurovascular imaging and medical and surgical management in this area. PMID:18990128

  10. Evaluation and management of symptomatic isolated spontaneous celiac trunk dissection.

    PubMed

    Galastri, Francisco Leonardo; Cavalcante, Rafael Noronha; Motta-Leal-Filho, Joaquim Mauricio; De Fina, Bruna; Affonso, Breno Boueri; de Amorim, Jorge Eduardo; Wolosker, Nelson; Nasser, Felipe

    2015-08-01

    The purpose of this study is to describe 10 cases of symptomatic isolated spontaneous celiac trunk dissection (ISCTD) in order to evaluate the initial clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment modalities and outcomes. A retrospective search was performed from 2009 to 2014 and 10 patients with ISCTD were included in the study. Patients with associated aortic and/or other visceral artery dissection were excluded. The following information was collected from each case: sex, age, associated risk factors, symptoms, diagnostic method, anatomic dissection pattern, treatment modality and outcome. Most patients were male (90%), with an average age of 44.8 years, and the most common symptom was abdominal pain (100%). Hypertension and vasculitis (polyarteritis nodosa) were the most frequent risk factors (40% and 30%, respectively). Diagnosis was made in all patients with computed tomography. Dissection was limited to the celiac trunk in three patients and extended to celiac branches in the other seven. Initial conservative treatment was attempted in every case and was successful in nine patients. In one case, initial conservative treatment was unsuccessful and arterial stenting with coil embolization of the false lumen was performed. After successful initial treatment, late progression of the dissection to aneurysmal dilatation was observed in two patients and it was decided to perform endovascular treatment. Mean follow-up was 19 months, ranging from 2 to 59 months. In conclusion, initial conservative treatment seems adequate for most patients with ISCTD. Long-term follow-up is mandatory, owing to the risk of later progression to aneurysm. PMID:25910918

  11. Acute Myocardial Infarction Due to Spontaneous Dissection of the Right Coronary Artery in a Young Male

    SciTech Connect

    Papadopoulos, Dimitris P. Moyssakis, Ioannis; Perakis, Alexandros; Athanasiou, Andreas; Anagnostopoulou, Sophia; Benos, Ioannis; Votteas, Vassilios E.

    2004-09-15

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare cause of acute myocardial infarction. We report a case of a 33-year-old male who presented with an acute inferior myocardial infarction. Coronary arteriography performed 3 hours after the episode revealed a dissection involving the middle segment of right coronary artery. Because of a spiral form of dissection and the TIMI 3 flow grade, our patient was treated medically and repeat coronary angiography 6 months later was decided.

  12. Evolution of Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion in Non-Traumatic Carotid Dissection

    PubMed Central

    RUSU, Octavia; VASILE, Mihai; BAJENARU, Ovidiu; ANTOCHI, Florina

    2014-01-01

    Cervical artery dissection is becoming a more frequently identified cause of ischemic stroke among the young and middleaged patients. The pathogenesis of non-traumatic dissection has not been yet entirely elucidated, but certain risk factors have been reported. We present the case of a young patient with ischemic stroke in the middle cerebral artery territory secondary to internal carotid artery dissection and occlusion, in whom we identified two rarely incriminated risk factors: migraine and recent infection (pneumonia). PMID:25705278

  13. Refractory dissecting Cellulitis of the Scalp Successfully controlled with Adalimumab.

    PubMed

    Martin-García, Rafael F; Rullán, Jennifer M

    2015-06-01

    Dissecting cellulitis of the scalp (DCS) is an uncommon inflammatory disease that often results in scarring alopecia. Numerous therapies have either proved ineffective or only temporarily effective in the management of this condition. Recent reports show adequate responses to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors in cases of DCS. We report a case of severe recalcitrant DCS successfully treated with adalimumab. PMID:26061062

  14. Traumatic Carotid Artery Dissection: A Different Entity without Specific Guidelines

    PubMed Central

    Galyfos, George; Filis, Konstantinos; Sigala, Fragiska; Sianou, Argiri

    2016-01-01

    According to literature data, there are no distinct guidelines regarding the proper diagnostic and therapeutic management of traumatic carotid artery dissection (TCAD). Although most of cases evaluated in research studies refer to spontaneous carotid artery dissection, traumatic cases demand special considerations as far as diagnosis and treatment are concerned. Although both types of dissection share some common characteristics, a patient with TCAD usually presents with several concomitant injuries as well as a higher bleeding risk, thus complicating decision making in such patients. Therefore, aim of this review is to present available data regarding epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnostics and treatment strategy in cases with TCAD in order to produce useful conclusions for everyday clinical practice. PMID:27051653

  15. 75 FR 73075 - Calpine Texas Pipeline, L.P.; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-29

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Calpine Texas Pipeline, L.P.; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case.... (Calpine Texas) filed a motion to extend the date for filing its next rate case to August 22, 2013. Calpine... file a motion to intervene or to protest this filing must file in accordance with Rules 211 and 214...

  16. 77 FR 12598 - Notice Correction; A Multi-Center International Hospital-Based Case-Control Study of Lymphoma in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-01

    ...-Based Case-Control Study of Lymphoma in Asia (AsiaLymph) (NCI) The Federal Register notice published on February 24, 2012 (77 FR 11136) announcing the submission to OMB of the project titled, ``A multi-center international hospital-based case-control study of lymphoma in Asia (AsiaLymph) (NCI)'' was submitted with...

  17. Extensive bilateral vertebral artery remodeling following treatment of dissection using pipeline embolic device

    PubMed Central

    Mitchell, Bartley; Momin, Eric; Jou, Liang-Der; Shaltoni, Hashem; Morsi, Hesham; Mawad, Michel

    2014-01-01

    Background Cerebral artery dissection remains a significant cause of stroke, and the mainstay of treatment has been medical management with anticoagulation, although flow-diverting stents have been used in some cases of arterial dissection resistant to medical management. Methods We present a case report of bilateral vertebral artery stenting using pipeline embolic device flow-diverting stents, after failed medical management of the dissection. Results This case demonstrated substantial subsequent vertebral arterial remodeling and good clinical outcome with maintenance of posterior circulation. The patient did not suffer any further strokes or posterior circulation symptoms following vertebral artery remodeling. Conclusion In cases where traditional management of arterial dissection has not been efficacious, flow-diverting stents may be useful in treating dissections of the posterior cerebral circulation, even with bilateral involvement. PMID:25566334

  18. Reconstructive endovascular treatment of ruptured vertebral artery dissection involving the posterior inferior cerebellar artery.

    PubMed

    Ota, Takahiro; Sato, Masayuki; Amano, Tatsuo; Saito, Akira; Matsumaru, Yuji

    2016-06-01

    Two cases with ruptured vertebral artery (VA) dissection involving the origin of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) are presented. Endovascular proximal occlusion of the dissected segment proximal to the PICA origin was performed, leaving the PICA patent in the acute stage. Stent placement from the PICA to the VA through the contralateral VA and coil embolization were added to the residual dissection in the chronic stage. Rebleedings were not observed. This is the first report of a staged, combined strategy for the treatment of a ruptured PICA involving VA dissection, which enabled preservation of the PICA without bypass surgery. PMID:27038168

  19. Pericarditis as initial manifestation of proximal aortic dissection in young patients.

    PubMed

    Bains, Suchdeep Raj; Kedia, Anita; Roldan, Carlos A

    2008-03-01

    Pericarditis was the primary manifestation of aortic dissection in these 2 young men. Both patients had no phenotypic characteristics of Marfan or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. These patients had pleuritic chest pain and characteristic electrocardiographic changes consistent with pericarditis. However, timely performed transthoracic echocardiograms revealed proximal aortic dissection with hemopericardium noted at surgery in both cases. Although the sensitivity of transthoracic echocardiogram for proximal aortic dissection is approximately 60%, certain findings can alert the physician to the possibility of aortic dissection. Therefore, in young patients with suspected pericarditis, a timely performed transthoracic echocardiogram should include a careful evaluation of the ascending aorta and arch to rule out this lethal diagnosis. PMID:18358965

  20. Huge dissected ascending aorta associated with pseudo aneurysm and aortic coarctation feridoun.

    PubMed

    Sabzi, Feridoun; Khosravi, Donya

    2015-07-01

    We report a unique case of chronic dissection of the ascending aorta complicated with huge and thrombotic pseudoaneurysm in a patient with coarctation of descending aorta. Preoperative investigations such as transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) confirmed the diagnosis of dissection. Intraoperative findings included a12 cm eccentric bulge of the right lateral side of dilated the ascending aorta filled with the clot and a circular shaped intimal tear communicating with an extended hematoma and dissection of the media layer. The rarity of the report is an association of the chronic dissection with huge pseudoaneurysm and coarctation. The patient underwent staged repair of an aneurysm and coarctation and had an uneventful postoperative recovery period. PMID:26520633

  1. Growing Evidence about the Relationship between Vessel Dissection and Scuba Diving.

    PubMed

    Brajkovic, Simona; Riboldi, Giulietta; Govoni, Alessandra; Corti, Stefania; Bresolin, Nereo; Comi, Giacomo Pietro

    2013-01-01

    Carotid and vertebral artery dissection are relatively frequent and risky conditions. In the last decade, different patients with extracranial (and in 1 case also intracranial) dissections associated with the practice of scuba diving were reported. The connection between the two conditions has not been fully explained so far. In the present article, we report the case of a patient presenting with Claude Bernard-Horner syndrome and homolateral XII cranial nerve palsy, manifesting a few days after diving in the cold water of a lake. The patient ended up having internal carotid artery dissection associated with the formation of a pseudoaneurysm. Here, we offer a summary of all cases reported in the literature about scuba diving and arterial dissection, and provide a critical discussion about which scuba diving-related factors can trigger the dissection of cervical vessels. PMID:24163671

  2. Computed tomography manifestation of a triple-barreled aortic dissection: the Mercedes-Benz mark sign.

    PubMed

    Shin, M S; Zorn, G L; Ho, K J

    1988-04-01

    Computed tomographic (CT) findings of a rare case of triple-barreled aortic dissection was described. CT demonstrated the extent of dissection, a communication between two channels, and three lumens separated by the intimal flap and a thin undetached tunica media, resembling a Mercedes-Benz mark. PMID:3168525

  3. Dissect Your Squid and Eat It Too!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGinnis, Patricia

    2001-01-01

    Introduces a science lab activity in which students dissect fresh squids in groups of four and observe the anatomy. Parent volunteers cook the squid mantle for kids to taste. Includes directions for squid dissection. (YDS)

  4. Animal Rights Activism Threatens Dissection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holden, Constance

    1990-01-01

    Discussed is the movement against the use of dissections in science laboratories. Examples of protests across the United States are included. Compared is the plight of using animals in a biology classroom and the demise of the teaching of evolution in some areas. (KR)

  5. Dissection & Science Fairs. [Information Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Anti-Vivisection Society, Chicago, IL.

    This collection of pamphlets and articles reprinted from other National Anti-Vivisection Society (NAVS) publications was compiled to address the issues of classroom laboratory dissection and the use of animals in science fair projects. Three of the pamphlets contained in this packet are student handbooks designed to help students of elementary,…

  6. A sinister cause of anterograde amnesia: painless aortic dissection.

    PubMed

    April, Michael D; Fossum, Kurt; Hounshell, Charles; Stolper, Katherine; Spear, Leigh; Semelrath, Kevin

    2015-07-01

    Aortic dissection is a frequently devastating diagnosis classically associated with severe chest pain.We present a case of painless aortic dissection with anterograde amnesia. An 84-year-old man was brought to the emergency department by ambulance, when his wife noted that he developed acute onset complete loss of short-term memory. Medical history was notable for a 4.5-cm fusiform thoracic aortic root aneurysm. On arrival,he denied pain or syncope.On examination, he was mildly hypotensive(110/59 mm Hg); and there were no murmurs, pulse deficits, or focal neurologic deficits. During his stay, he developed left flank pain. Chest radiography demonstrated subtle mediastinal widening and obscuration of the aortic knob compared with previous films. Computed tomography revealed an extensive intimal flap consistent with an aortic dissection involving the sinus of Valsalva and left renal artery. The patient subsequently developed acute onset chest pain after which he became unresponsive. Echocardiography demonstrated tamponade physiology.The family decided to transition to comfort care measures, and the patient died soon after.We identified 7 other cases in the literature of aortic dissection cases with presentations consistent with transient global amnesia,5 of which without neurologic deficits and 3 of which without pain. This case highlights the imperative of a thorough history and high index of suspicion for this catastrophic diagnosis in patients with transient global amnesia who otherwise might be expected to have an excellent prognosis and little need for diagnostic work-up. PMID:25649752

  7. Hybrid treatment of aortic dissection associated with Kommerell's diverticulum.

    PubMed

    Kozlov, Boris N; Panfilov, Dmitry S; Saushkin, Victor V; Shipulin, Vladimir M

    2016-06-01

    This clinical case demonstrates a successful simultaneous approach for Type B aortic dissection in association with Kommerell's diverticulum using an E-vita OPEN PLUS Hybrid prosthesis. Computed tomography in the early postoperative period and after a 6-month follow-up showed favourable surgical outcomes. PMID:26921885

  8. Apathetic syndrome from carotid dissection: a dangerous condition

    PubMed Central

    Gerace, Carmela; Corsi, Fabio Massimo; Comanducci, Giovanna

    2013-01-01

    Isolated behavioural disturbances can mimic psychiatric diseases and delay diagnosis of acute brain disease. We reported the case of a patient with carotid dissection manifesting only with apathetic syndrome that was initially considered as a possible postpartum depression, causing a threatening diagnostic delay. PMID:24000207

  9. Dissecting thoracic aortic aneurysm associated with tuberculous pleural effusion

    PubMed Central

    Im, Kyong Shil; Choi, Min Kyung; Jeon, Yong Kyoung

    2016-01-01

    We present the case of thoracic aortic aneurysm associated with the tuberculous pleural effusion. An 82-year-old woman underwent emergency stent graft under a diagnosis of dissecting thoracic aortic aneurysm. Preoperative computed tomography revealed right pleural effusion supposed to the hemothorax caused by the dissecting aneurysm. But, the effusion was sanguineous color fluid and it was determined to result from pulmonary tuberculosis. The medical team was exposed to the pulmonary tuberculosis; fortunately no one became infected. Physicians should be aware of the possibility of an infected aortic aneurysm and prepare for pathogen transmission. PMID:27499987

  10. A Dissecting Competition for Medical Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samalia, Latika; Stringer, Mark D.

    2012-01-01

    After repeated requests from medical students for more cadaver dissection opportunities, a voluntary dissecting "competition" was initiated for the third year medical students in 2006. This has been held annually on five occasions since, offering up to 30 dissection stations and accommodating an average of 53 students (range 40-66) per year,…

  11. Treatment of ruptured intracranial dissecting aneurysms in Hong Kong

    PubMed Central

    Wong, George Kwok Chu; Tang, Hoi Bun; Poon, Wai Sang; Yu, Simon Chun Ho

    2010-01-01

    Background: Data suggests that hemorrhagic presentations occur in 20% of internal carotid artery dissections and 50% of vertebral artery dissections. A Finnish study has reported favorable outcomes in only 32% of patients. We aimed to review the epidemiology and management outcomes in a Chinese population. Methods: We reviewed the aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage registry of patients who presented with intracranial dissecting aneurysms at a neurosurgical center in Hong Kong over a five-year period. Results: A total of 23 patients with intracranial dissecting aneurysms were identified, accounting for 8% of all spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage patients. Forty-eight percent of the patients identified were treated by main trunk occlusion and 39% were treated by embolization or stent-assisted embolization or stent alone. Thirteen percent were managed by craniotomy and trapping or wrapping. Favorable outcomes at six months were achieved in 67%. Conclusions: Patients with intracranial dissecting aneurysms account for a significant proportion of the cases of spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage in our population. Carefully selected endovascular and microsurgical treatments can lead to management outcomes similar to patients with saccular aneurysms. PMID:21206536

  12. NSAID-induced pyloric stenosis leading to oesophageal intramucosal dissection.

    PubMed

    Tey, Kai Rou; Kemmerly, Thomas; Banerjee, Bhaskar

    2016-01-01

    We describe a rare case of a 75-year-old woman with significant non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use who presented with haematemesis. Upper endoscopy revealed a large (9 cm) intramucosal dissection of the oesophagus without extension into the gastro-oesophageal junction and a severely narrowed pylorus. We postulate that she developed pyloric stenosis due to peptic ulcer disease from chronic NSAID use. This then led to gastro-oesophageal reflux. Undigested pills in the refluxate had contacted oesophageal mucosa, leading to pill-induced oesophageal injury. This, along with vomiting, is postulated to have led to the oesophageal intramucosal dissection. She improved with conservative medical management with a clear liquid diet and proton pump inhibitors, and a follow-up upper endoscopy 1 week later showed recovery of the previously seen intramucosal dissection. PMID:27199442

  13. Thoracic Aortic Dissection: Are Matrix Metalloproteinases Involved?

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Xiaoming; Shen, Ying H.; LeMaire, Scott A.

    2010-01-01

    Thoracic aortic dissection, one of the major diseases affecting the aorta, carries a very high mortality rate. Improving our understanding of the pathobiology of this disease may help us develop medical treatments to prevent dissection and subsequent aneurysm formation and rupture. Dissection is associated with degeneration of the aortic media. Recent studies have shown increased expression and activation of a family of proteolytic enzymes—called matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)—in dissected aortic tissue, suggesting that MMPs may play a major role in this disease. Inhibition of MMPs may be beneficial in reducing MMP-mediated aortic damage associated with dissection. This article reviews the recent literature and summarizes our current understanding of the role of MMPs in the pathobiology of thoracic aortic dissection. The potential importance of MMP inhibition as a future treatment of aortic dissection is also discussed. PMID:19476747

  14. Concurrent hidradenitis suppurativa, inflammatory acne, dissecting cellulitis of the scalp, and pyoderma gangrenosum in a 16-year-old boy.

    PubMed

    Koshelev, Misha V; Garrison, Paige A; Wright, Teresa S

    2014-01-01

    We report the case of a 16-year-old boy who presented to our clinic with concomitant hidradenitis suppurativa, inflammatory acne, dissecting cellulitis of the scalp, and pyoderma gangrenosum. Recent reports describe the co-occurrence of pyoderma gangrenosum, acne, and hidradenitis suppurativa. This case further expands the spectrum of concomitant pyoderma gangrenosum and dissecting cellulitis of the scalp. PMID:24118007

  15. Water-jet dissection for parenchymal division during hepatectomy1

    PubMed Central

    Dixon, Elijah; Sahajpal, Ajay; Cattral, Mark S.; Grant, David R.; Gallinger, Steven; Taylor, Bryce R.; Greig, Paul D.

    2006-01-01

    Background. High-pressure water-jet dissection was originally developed for industry where ultra-precise cutting and engraving were desirable. This technology has been adapted for medical applications with favorable results, but little is understood about its performance in hepatic resections. Blood loss may be limited by the thin laminar liquid-jet effect that provides precise, controllable, tissue-selective dissection with excellent visualization and minimal trauma to surrounding fibrous structures. Patients and methods. The efficacy of the Water-jet system for hepatic parenchymal dissection was examined in a consecutive case series of 101 hepatic resections (including 22 living donor transplantation resections) performed over 11 months. Perioperative outcomes, including blood loss, transfusion requirements, complications, and length of stay (LOS), were assessed. Results. Three-quarters of the cases were major hepatectomies and 22% were cirrhotic. Malignancy was the most common indication (77%). Median operative time was 289 min. Median estimated blood loss (EBL) was 900 ml for all cases, and only 14% of patients had >2000 ml EBL. Furthermore, EBL was 1000 ml for major resections, 775 ml for living donor resections, 600 ml in cirrhotic patients, and 1950 ml for steatotic livers. In all, 14% of patients received heterologous packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusions for an average of 0.59 units per case. Median LOS was 7 days. EBL, transfusion requirements, and LOS were slightly increased in the major resection cohort. There was one mortality (1%) overall. These results are equivalent to, or better than, those from our contemporary series of resections performed with ultrasonic dissection. Conclusion. Water-jet dissection minimizes large blood volume loss, requirements for transfusion, and complications. This initial experience suggests that this precision tool is safe and effective for hepatic division, and compares favorably to other established methods for

  16. Stent-assisted coil embolization for anterior cerebral artery dissection presented with cerebral infarction

    PubMed Central

    Iwasaki, Mitsuhiro; Hattori, Itaro; Sasaki, Makoto; Ishimori, Hisatsugu; Nemoto, Akihiro; Hikita, Chiyoe; Sato, Junko; Fukuta, Shinya; Morimoto, Masafumi

    2015-01-01

    Background: Compared to those found in the vertebrobasilar system, intracranial dissection in the anterior circulation is relatively rare, especially in the anterior cerebral artery (ACA). Moreover, only several cases of ACA dissection that underwent endovascular treatment have been reported. Here we present a rare case of gradually developing ACA dissecting aneurysm causing cerebral infarction, successfully treated by stent-assisted coil embolization. Case Description: A 36-year-old man was admitted with sudden right hemiparesis. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed cerebral infarction in the left ACA territory, and MR angiography showed segmental stenosis at the A2 portion of the left ACA. Three-dimensional digital subtraction angiogram showed segmental dilatation and stenosis at the left A2 portion. We diagnosed ACA dissection causing acute cerebral infarction and treated the patient conservatively. Five months after the onset, the dissecting artery at the left A2 portion formed a gradually dilating aneurysm, suggesting increased risk for aneurysmal rupture. We attempted endovascular treatment entailing coil embolization of an aneurysm while preserving the left A2 with stent assistance. The patient remained neurologically stable 6 months after the procedure. Conclusions: Although there are few reported cases of ACA dissection where endovascular treatment was attempted, we consider stent-assisted embolization for gradually developing ACA dissecting aneurysm as an alternative method to prevent bleeding and recurrent infarction. PMID:26677416

  17. Spontaneous retraction of an intramyocardial dissecting hemorrhage and multiple left ventricular thrombus formations in subacute myocardial infarction and antiphospholipid syndrome: a case report with long-term follow-up.

    PubMed

    Bahlmann, Edda; Schneider, Carsten; Vitali Serdoz, Laura; Hoffmann-Riem, Martin; Broemel, Thomas; Kuck, Karl-Heinz

    2006-05-01

    This report describes a 68-year-old patient with a subacute myocardial infarction and antiphosholipid syndrome. He developed an intramyocardial dissecting hemorrhage involving the left ventricular apex and multiple left ventricular thrombus formations, documented by contrast echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging. By use of transthoracic echocardiography, spontaneous retraction of the dissecting hemorrhage could be detected. Severe coronary 3-vessel disease was successfully treated by coronary artery bypass grafting. During follow-up of 16 months, the dissecting hematoma could not been detected. Under initiation of anticoagulant treatment with Coumadin, the patient was in stable clinical condition and improved in New York Heart Association class from III to II. The pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of this potentially highly lethal complication is reviewed. PMID:16644445

  18. Beware of arteria lusoria during lymph node dissection of the right paratracheal fossa for lung cancer surgery

    PubMed Central

    Pan, Daniel; Cufari, Maria Elena

    2014-01-01

    An asymptomatic elderly woman presented with a solitary right upper lobe mass revealed to be non-small cell lung cancer following routine surveillance post mastectomy. Upon review of CT with contrast in preparation for rigid bronchoscopy and right upper lobectomy, we noticed that the patient had a rare case of arteria lusoria. This is the presence of an aberrant right subclavian artery extending from the left side of the aortic arch, crossing posteriorly across the midline to supply the upper limb. We suggest that with a documented 100% diagnostic sensitivity on 64 multislice computed tomography, the presence of arteria lusoria within the posterior paratracheal fossa may cause life-threatening complications in the unaware during systematic lymph node dissection for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PMID:25590005

  19. Endoscopic submucosal tunnel dissection salvage technique for ulcerative early gastric cancer

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Hyuk Soon; Chun, Hoon Jai; Seo, Min Ho; Kim, Eun Sun; Keum, Bora; Seo, Yeon Seok; Jeen, Yoon Tae; Lee, Hong Sik; Um, Soon Ho; Kim, Chang Duck; Ryu, Ho Sang

    2014-01-01

    Endoscopic submucosal dissection is an effective treatment modality for early gastric cancer (EGC), though the submucosal fibrosis found in ulcerative EGC is an obstacle for successful treatment. This report presents two cases of ulcerative EGC in two males, 73- and 80-year-old, with severe fibrosis. As endoscopic ultrasonography suggested that the EGCs had invaded the submucosal layer, the endoscopic submucosal tunnel dissection salvage technique was utilized for complete resection of the lesions. Although surgical gastrectomy was originally scheduled, the two patients had severe coronary heart disease, and surgeries were refused because of the risks associated with their heart conditions. The endoscopic submucosal tunnel dissection salvage technique procedures described in these cases were performed under conscious sedation, and were completed within 30 min. The complete en bloc resection of EGC using endoscopic submucosal tunnel dissection salvage technique was possible with a free resection margin, and no other complications were noted during the procedure. This is the first known report concerning the use of the endoscopic submucosal tunnel dissection salvage technique salvage technique for treatment of ulcerative EGC. We demonstrate that endoscopic submucosal tunnel dissection salvage technique it is a feasible method showing several advantages over endoscopic submucosal dissection for cases of EGC with fibrosis. PMID:25083097

  20. Chemical Genetics in Dissecting Membrane Glycerolipid Functions.

    PubMed

    Chevalier, Florian; Carrera, Laura Cuyàs; Nussaume, Laurent; Maréchal, Eric

    2016-01-01

    Chemical genetics has emerged as a powerful approach to dissect biological processes, based on the utilization of small molecules disturbing the function of specific target proteins. By analogy with classical genetics, 'reverse chemical genetics' refers to the utilization of drugs acting on a known target, enabling its functional characterization at the levels of the cells, tissues and organisms. Likewise, 'direct chemical genetics' refers to the utilization of a drug of unknown mode of action, but triggering a phenotype of interest. In that case, one has to identify the target(s) possibly blocked (or possibly activated) by the small molecule. This chapter illustrates both approaches, like the analysis of the elongation of fatty acids, the biosynthesis of galactoglycerolipids or the catabolism of phosphoglycerolipids by reverse chemical genetics or the study of the membrane glycerolipid remodeling triggered upon phosphate starvation, by direct chemical genetics. PMID:27023235

  1. Contemporary Review on Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection.

    PubMed

    Saw, Jacqueline; Mancini, G B John; Humphries, Karin H

    2016-07-19

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is gaining recognition as an important cause of myocardial infarction, especially in young women. There has been a surge in the diagnosis of SCAD in recent years, presumably due to an increased use of coronary angiography, and the clinical availability and application of high-resolution intracoronary imaging. The improved recognition and diagnosis, together with increased publications and attention through social media, have considerably raised awareness of this condition, which was once believed to be very rare. Recent publications of moderate to large contemporary case series have helped elucidate the early natural history, presenting characteristics (clinical and angiographic), underlying etiology, management, and cardiovascular outcomes with this condition, thus providing observations and important clinical insights of value to clinicians managing this challenging and perplexing patient cohort. The aim of our review is to provide a comprehensive contemporary update of SCAD to aid health care professionals in managing these patients in both the acute and chronic settings. PMID:27417009

  2. Dissecting Epigenetic Dysregulation of Primary Antibody Deficiencies.

    PubMed

    Rodríguez-Cortez, Virginia C; Del Pino-Molina, Lucia; Rodríguez-Ubreva, Javier; López-Granados, Eduardo; Ballestar, Esteban

    2016-05-01

    Primary antibody deficiencies (PADs), the most prevalent inherited primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs), are associated with a wide range of genetic alterations (both monogenic or polygenic) in B cell-specific genes. However, correlations between the genotype and clinical manifestations are not evident in all cases indicating that genetic interactions, environmental and epigenetic factors may have a role in PAD pathogenesis. The recent identification of key defects in DNA methylation in common variable immunodeficiency as well as the multiple evidences on the role of epigenetic control during B cell differentiation, activation and during antibody formation highlight the importance of investing research efforts in dissecting the participation of epigenetic defects in this group of diseases. This review focuses on the role of epigenetic control in B cell biology which can provide clues for the study of potential novel pathogenic defects involved in PADs. PMID:26984849

  3. 49 CFR 1105.12 - Sample newspaper notices for abandonment exemption cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... representative: (Name, address and phone number). Sample Local Newspaper Notice for Petitions for Abandonment... 20423, a notice of exemption under 49 CFR 1152 Subpart F—Exempt Abandonments permitting the (abandonment... county in which the line is located and certify to the Board that it has done this by the date its...

  4. 49 CFR 1105.12 - Sample newspaper notices for abandonment exemption cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... representative: (Name, address and phone number). Sample Local Newspaper Notice for Petitions for Abandonment... 20423, a notice of exemption under 49 CFR 1152 Subpart F—Exempt Abandonments permitting the (abandonment... county in which the line is located and certify to the Board that it has done this by the date its...

  5. [Aortic intramural hematoma. An atypical pattern equivalent to aortic dissection].

    PubMed

    López-Mínguez, J R; Merchán, A; Arrobas, J; Fernández, G; González-Egüaras, M; García-Andoaín, J M; Alonso, M; Gamero, C; Poblador, M A; Alonso, F

    1995-09-01

    A case is presented of a hypertensive woman who had suffered a stabbing back pain for some three hours, with mild irradiation to precordium and accompanied by vegetative signs. A sinusal rhythm and negative T waves of little depth were seen on the ECG. A transthoracic bidimensional echocardiogram (TTE) showed a normal left ventricle with a somewhat dilated aortic root and the existence of a double echo running parallel to the anterior wall of the aorta but non-ondulating and without a visible intimal flap. Because of suspected aortic dissection an urgent contrasted CAT and a transesophageal echocardiogram were performed. These were informed as an aneurysm of the aortic root with mural thrombus from the ascending to descending aorta, but with no existing intimal flap suggesting dissection. A cardiac catheterization showed a mildly some dilated aortic root without dissection signs and normal left ventricle and coronary arteries. The patient was presented for surgical evaluation but, since no dissection was present, was not considered urgent surgery; she was admitted to the coronary unit and died 48 hours later in a situation of acute pericardial tamponade, documented by TTE, surely due to rupture of the aortic root to pericardial sack. This way of presenting threatened aorta rupture that has been only recently recognized is discussed, as well as some misconceptions which must be avoided. PMID:7569267

  6. Coronary dissection in a patient with essential thrombocytosis.

    PubMed

    Mali, Padmavathi; Muduganti, Sudheer; Buddemeier, Kamilla J

    2015-02-01

    A 50-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with left shoulder and arm discomfort. He had no recent history of change in his energy level, limitations to activity, exertional chest pain, or shortness of breath. He had cardiac risk factors, including a strong family history of pre-mature coronary artery disease and dyslipidemia. He had a syncopal episode in 2003 with a positive troponin I, but had a negative cardiac workup, including cardiac catheterization that showed luminal irregularities and no significant coronary artery disease. An echocardiogram was performed to rule out potential cardiac causes for shoulder pain and showed regional wall motion abnormalities. Follow-up cardiac catheterization revealed left anterior descending artery proximal and mid dissection and a long area of dissection in the first diagonal branch. Laboratory evaluation showed significant platelet elevation and positive JAK2 study. Ultrasound of the abdomen revealed moderate splenomegaly. The enlarged spleen, positive JAK2 study, and persistently elevated platelet count confirmed the diagnosis of essential thrombocythemia. Essential thrombocythemia can predispose individuals to vascular dysfunction and damage, which may contribute to coronary artery dissection. With this case, we propose that essential thrombocythemia should be excluded in the presence of coronary dissection and thrombocytosis. PMID:25845133

  7. Clinical features of isolated dissections of abdominal aortic branches.

    PubMed

    Naganuma, Michio; Matsui, Hiroki; Fushimi, Kiyohide; Yasunaga, Hideo

    2016-06-01

    Isolated dissection of an abdominal aortic branch is a rare entity, and previous reports regarding the condition have been based only on small case-series studies. Using a national inpatient database in Japan, we describe the clinical features of patients with isolated celiac, superior mesenteric, splenic, and hepatic artery dissections (ICAD, ISMAD, ISAD, and IHAD). We extracted data on inpatients who were diagnosed with ICAD, ISMAD, ISAD, or IHAD from the Japanese diagnosis procedure combination database, including patients' age and sex, putative risk factors (smoking status and specific comorbidities), treatments (blood transfusion, transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) and surgical procedures), and outcomes (in-hospital complications and death). Among 18.3 million inpatients in the database between July 2010 and March 2013, we identified 276 ICAD, 715 ISMAD, 23 ISAD and 11 IHAD. The percentage of males was 78-92 %, and the mean age was 54.7-56.8 years. Hypertension was seen in 48-65, and 35-65 % were smokers. Fourteen in-hospital deaths were identified in total. In the ICAD group, splenectomy was performed in one patient and TAE was performed in 26 patients. In the ISMAD group, 16 patients received surgical intervention. Most patients with isolated dissection of an abdominal aortic branch were treated conservatively, while a small percentage required TAE or open surgery. A small proportion of dissections resulted in death. PMID:25421008

  8. Evaluation of Educator & Student Use of & Attitudes toward Dissection & Dissection Alternatives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osenkowski, Pamela; Green, Che; Tjaden, Anne; Cunniff, Peggy

    2015-01-01

    Animal dissection has been routinely practiced in American biology classrooms for decades. With technological advancements, more states adopting student choice measures, and increased awareness about ethical concerns surrounding dissection, many useful dissection alternatives have been developed. To understand the current use of animal dissection…

  9. Unexpected Delayed Colon Perforation after the Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection with Snaring of a Laterally Spreading Tumor

    PubMed Central

    Ko, Young Bo; Lee, Jeong-Mi; Kim, Wan Soo; Kwak, Min Seob; Lee, Ji Wan; Shin, Dong Yeol; Yang, Dong-Hoon; Byeon, Jeong-Sik

    2015-01-01

    Colonic perforation may occur as a complication of diagnostic and therapeutic colonoscopy. The risk factors for perforation after colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) include an inexperienced endoscopist, a large tumor size, and submucosal fibrosis. The mechanisms of perforation include unintended endoscopic resection/dissection and severe thermal injury. Here, we report a case of colon perforation that occurred after ESD with snaring of a laterally spreading tumor. The perforation was completely unexpected because there were no colorectal ESD-associated risk factors for perforation, deep dissection, or severe coagulation injury in our patient. PMID:26668808

  10. Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection in a Male Patient with Takayasu's Arteritis and Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Gerede, Demet Menekşe; Yüksel, Bağdagül; Tutar, Eralp; Küçükşahin, Orhan; Uzun, Çağlar; Atasoy, Kayhan Çetin; Düzgün, Nurşen; Bengisun, Uğur

    2013-01-01

    We present a case of a 34-year-old male who presented to the emergency ward with fever and abdominal pain. The diagnosis of Takayasu's arteritis and also antiphospholipid syndrome was made during an imaging workup of deep-vein thrombosis. A spontaneous coronary artery dissection was revealed in coronary CT angiography requested for chest pain and dyspnea. The patient was treated medically and discharged on close followup. The concurrence of spontaneous coronary artery dissection with antiphospholipid syndrome and Takayasu's arteritis has not been reported in the previous literature. The possibility of a spontaneous coronary artery dissection should be considered in patients presenting with both diseases. PMID:23956914

  11. Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection in a Male Patient with Takayasu's Arteritis and Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Gerede, Demet Menekşe; Yüksel, Bağdagül; Tutar, Eralp; Küçükşahin, Orhan; Uzun, Cağlar; Atasoy, Kayhan Çetin; Düzgün, Nurşen; Bengisun, Uğur

    2013-01-01

    We present a case of a 34-year-old male who presented to the emergency ward with fever and abdominal pain. The diagnosis of Takayasu's arteritis and also antiphospholipid syndrome was made during an imaging workup of deep-vein thrombosis. A spontaneous coronary artery dissection was revealed in coronary CT angiography requested for chest pain and dyspnea. The patient was treated medically and discharged on close followup. The concurrence of spontaneous coronary artery dissection with antiphospholipid syndrome and Takayasu's arteritis has not been reported in the previous literature. The possibility of a spontaneous coronary artery dissection should be considered in patients presenting with both diseases. PMID:23956914

  12. [Skin collagen abnormalities in a Japanese patient with extracranial internal carotid artery dissection followed by extracranial vertebral artery dissection].

    PubMed

    Sengoku, Renpei; Sato, Hironori; Honda, Hidehiko; Inoue, Kiyoharu; Ono, Seiitsu

    2006-02-01

    A 41-year-old man with hypertension and hyperlipidemia who complained of left hemiparesis after a temporal headache was admitted to our hospital. A cervical MRI with gadolinium enhancement revealed an intramural hematoma is compatible with right extracranial internal carotid artery dissection. Two weeks later, he complained of sudden onset of pain in the right side of his neck. The right extracranial internal carotid artery dissection followed by the right extracranial vertebral artery dissection was diagnosed. Spontaneous cervical artery dissection (SCAD) is one of the causes of stroke in young adults. The pathogenesis of SCAD remains unknown. Minor trauma like an excessive sneeze, migraine, and connective tissue disorders such as fibromuscular dysplasia and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome are well-known as risk factors for SCAD. Pathologically skin collagen abnormalities have been seen in German patients with SCAD without clinical evidence for any specific connective tissue disorder. We examined the ultrastructural morphology of the Japanese patient's dermal connective tissue components by electron microscopy. The patient's collagen fibers contained fibrils with highly variable diameters, and there were other ultrastructural abnormalities, including flower-like fibrils and large-diameter composite fibrils. This is the first report of a case of ultrastructural abnormalities of dermal connective tissue in a Japanese patient with SCAD. PMID:16619839

  13. Iatrogenic dissection of the descending aorta: Conservative or endovascular treatment?

    PubMed

    Baikoussis, Nikolaos G; Argiriou, Michalis; Kratimenos, Theodoros; Karameri, Vasiliki; Dedeilias, Panagiotis

    2016-01-01

    Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is without any doubt a standard technique and the treatment of choice of severe aortic valve stenosis (AVS) in very high-operative risk patients. However, a number of complications may occur and has been described. Improper valve position, valve migration, paravalvular regurgitation, conduction disturbances, stroke and aortic dissection have been succeeded despite the perfection of the technique. For anyone of the complications above described, a solution may be invented. We present an interesting case of an 81-year-old woman with severe AVS treated through TAVI due to very high operative risk. This female, 12 days later presented with thoracic pain and shortness of breath and through the computed tomography of the chest performed was diagnosed a dissection of the descending aorta. She successfully underwent on thoracic endovascular aortic repair. In this report, we refer the bibliographic data and we discuss the treatment options in these cases. PMID:27397470

  14. Successful treatment of a ruptured spontaneous dissecting coronary artery pseudoaneurysm with a covered stent in a patient with cardiac tamponade.

    PubMed

    Kawano, Hiroaki; Matsumoto, Yuji; Satoh, Osami; Arakawa, Shuji; Hayano, Motonobu; Suyama, Hiroyuki; Maemura, Koji

    2014-01-01

    The rupture of spontaneous dissecting coronary artery pseudoaneurysms is rare, and no standard therapy has yet been established for this condition. This report describes a case of a ruptured spontaneous dissecting coronary artery pseudoaneurysm in a patient with cardiac tamponade that was successfully treated with emergent implantation of a covered stent. PMID:24827486

  15. Fatal spontaneous dissection of a Contegra conduit in a child.

    PubMed

    Weldin, Joshua D; Kapur, Raj P; Lewin, Mark B; McMullan, David Michael

    2015-03-01

    The Contegra bovine jugular vein conduit (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) is one of the most widely used grafts for surgical reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract in both pediatric and adult patients with congenital heart disease. In this report, we describe a case of acute dissection of a neointimal peel in a Contegra conduit resulting in conduit stenosis and death of a child. PMID:25742831

  16. Questionable Necessity for Removing Submandibular Gland in Neck Dissection in Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Oral Cavity.

    PubMed

    Agarwal, Gaurav; Nagpure, Prakash S; Chavan, Sushil S

    2016-09-01

    To assess whether submandibular gland is involved by metastasis in cases of oral cavity squamous cell carcinomas. It was a retrospective study, where we reviewed the records of the patients who underwent neck dissections for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the oral cavity. It included 112 patients who had undergone 115 neck dissections (three patients had undergone bilateral neck dissection), either therapeutic or prophylactic. No pathologic evidence of metastasis to submandibular gland was seen in any of the case. Preservation of submandibular glands can be a good technique for reducing future complications in a patient undergoing Neck Dissection wherever feasible. Therefore, if there is no need to expose large oral cavity tumors through the submandibular triangle, or when there is no direct extension of the primary and/or regional lymph nodes into the submandibular gland, it may be safe to preserve the submandibular gland. PMID:27508132

  17. Rotastenting in an anomalously arising right coronary artery after an ugly dissection

    PubMed Central

    Mehta, Ashwin B.; Desai, Ajit; Mehta, Nihar

    2013-01-01

    Rotational atherectomy is contraindicated in dissected coronary arteries since it can lead to progression of the dissection or perforation. In our case, the right coronary artery (RCA) arose anomalously from the left coronary sinus. The lesion in the RCA was an undilatable calcified one. There was a dissection in the RCA due to high pressure balloon dilatation. Since the patient was hemodynamically unstable and there were no options besides rotablation, we proceeded with caution. Rotablation and stenting were successfully done. Our case report highlights the importance of the need for good guide catheter support even in the presence of anomalously arising arteries and the rotablation option for unyielding calcified coronary lesions, even in the setting of a dissection. PMID:23993013

  18. Monotherapy with stenting in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) after middle cerebral artery dissection.

    PubMed

    Puri, Ajit S; Gounis, Matthew J; Massari, Francesco; Howk, Mary; Weaver, John; Wakhloo, Ajay K

    2016-04-01

    Isolated middle cerebral artery dissection is a rare clinical entity, with descriptions limited to a few case reports and case series. Symptomatic dissection in the anterior circulation can present as an ischemic stroke in a young population; however, it is rarely associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage. We describe a young patient who presented with acute headache from a subarachnoid hemorrhage that was ultimately determined to be due to a vascular dissection in the middle cerebral artery. The initial angiogram showed vascular irregularities in this area with stenosis. Repeat imaging 4 days after presentation identified a pseudoaneurysm proximal to the stenosis. The patient was successfully treated with a self-expanding nitinol stent and followed up with serial angiography during postoperative recovery in the hospital; additional angiograms were performed approximately 1 and 6 months after treatment. Serial angiograms demonstrated incremental healing of the dissection. The patient was discharged and remains neurologically intact at the 6-month follow-up. PMID:25854687

  19. Keeping Dissection Alive for Medical Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chambers, James; Emlyn-Jones, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    Traditional dissection teaching is being reduced in a number of medical schools, particularly in the United Kingdom. In response to this, 12 medical students from Warwick University, UK, traveled to the Island of Grenada for an intensive extracurricular dissection course at St. George's University. This course not only benefited the host…

  20. Objecting To Dissection: A College Student's Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Anti-Vivisection Society, Chicago, IL.

    In a number of states, students from kindergarten through high school have won the right to refuse to dissect or kill animals and the right to substitute an alternative project. This booklet was designed to help college science students take an ethical stand by refusing to participate in dissection exercises. The booklet begins with an overview of…

  1. Quick Dissection of the Segmental Bronchi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakajima, Yuji

    2010-01-01

    Knowledge of the three-dimensional anatomy of the bronchopulmonary segments is essential for respiratory medicine. This report describes a quick guide for dissecting the segmental bronchi in formaldehyde-fixed human material. All segmental bronchi are easy to dissect, and thus, this exercise will help medical students to better understand the…

  2. Beyond Dissection: Innovative Tools for Biology Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Sandra, Ed.

    This catalog lists resources available for classroom use in teaching about anatomy and physiology which are alternatives to dissection. The entries are provided under three main categories: (1) Whole Animal Dissection/Vivisection; (2) Animal Organ or System Anatomy and Physiology; and (3) Other, including animal behavior, biotechnology,…

  3. Left anterior descending coronary artery dissection after blunt chest trauma.

    PubMed

    Sadr-Ameli, Mohammad Ali; Amiri, Elaheh; Pouraliakbar, Hamidreza; Heidarali, Mona

    2014-01-01

    Coronary artery dissection is a well-known albeit unusual complication of blunt chest trauma. It is also an uncommon cause of myocardial infarction. Only a few such cases have been reported, probably due to the high rate of sudden death. We report a case of left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery dissection in a healthy 38-year-old female caused by blunt chest trauma. The patient was referred to our hospital with a complaint of chest pain. Electrocardiography showed T-wave inversion, echocardiography a revealed circumferential pericardial effusion, and the coronary angiogram demonstrated a thrombotic dissection of the LAD.  Troponin I was the only biomarker with elevated level. CT coronary angiography was performed using the subtotal occlusion of the LAD and illustrated a relatively good LAD run-off, and thallium scintigraphy displayed viable myocardium in this territory. Despite the total occlusion of the LAD in our case, myocardial injury was not significant due to the relatively good LAD run-off. She underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery with an excellent result. PMID:24444069

  4. Implantation of esophageal cancer onto post-dissection ulcer after gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection

    PubMed Central

    Asai, Satoshi; Takeshita, Koutarou; Kano, Yuki; Nakao, Eisuke; Ichinona, Takumi; Fujimoto, Naoki; Akamine, Eisuke; Mori, Takuji; Ogawa, Atsuhiro

    2016-01-01

    A case in which implantation of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma onto a post-dissection gastric ulcer was strongly suspected is presented. A 72-year-old man with alcoholic liver cirrhosis underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). Esophageal cancer (EC) (Mt, 20 mm, 0-Is) and gastric cancer (GC) (antrum, 15 mm, 0-IIc) were identified. Biopsy specimens revealed moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and differentiated adenocarcinoma, respectively. The GC was resected by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) [14 mm × 9 mm, type 0-IIc, tub1, pT1a(M), ly0, v0, HM(-), VM(-)]. Two months after ESD, radiation therapy was started for the EC, and an almost complete response was obtained. Nine months after the ESD, a follow-up EGD showed a submucosal tumor-like lesion with ulceration, located immediately under the post-ESD scar, and biopsy specimens showed moderately differentiated SCC. There were no similar lesions suggesting hematogenous or lymphatic metastasis in the stomach. PMID:26973424

  5. Renal Infarction Caused by Spontaneous Renal Artery Dissection: Treatment with Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis and Stenting

    SciTech Connect

    Jeon, Yong Sun Cho, Soon Gu; Hong, Ki Cheon

    2009-03-15

    Spontaneous renal artery dissection (SRAD) is rare and presents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. We report a case of a 36-year-old man who had an SRAD-complicated renal infarction. The patient experienced severe unilateral flank pain. Enhanced abdominal computed axial tomography scan showed renal infarction, and urinalysis showed no hematuria. Selective renal angiography was essential to evaluate the extent of dissection and suitability for repair. The patient was treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis and frenal artery stenting.

  6. Biomechanical effects of dissecting flexor carpi ulnaris.

    PubMed

    Kreulen, M; Smeulders, M J C; Hage, J J; Huijing, P A

    2003-08-01

    Our aim was to determine whether the length and function of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle were affected by separating it from its soft tissue connections. We measured the length of flexor carpi ulnaris before and after its dissection in ten patients with cerebral palsy. After tenotomy, tetanic contraction shortened the muscle by a mean of 8 mm. Subsequent dissection to separate it from all soft tissue connections, resulted in a further mean shortening of 17 mm (p < 0.001). This indicated that the dissected connective tissue had been strong enough to maintain the length of the contracting muscle. Passive extension of the wrist still lengthened the muscle after tenotomy, whereas this excursion significantly decreased after subsequent dissection. We conclude that the connective tissue envelope, which may be dissected during tendon transfer of flexor carpi ulnaris may act as a myofascial pathway for the transmission of force. This may have clinical implications for the outcome after tendon transfer. PMID:12931805

  7. Chest CT scanning for clinical suspected thoracic aortic dissection: beware the alternate diagnosis.

    PubMed

    Thoongsuwan, Nisa; Stern, Eric J

    2002-11-01

    The aim of the study was retrospectively to evaluate the spectrum of chest diseases in patients presenting with clinical suspicion of thoracic aortic dissection in the emergency department. We performed a retrospective medical records review of 86 men and 44 women (ages ranging between 23 and 106 years) with clinically suspected aortic dissection, for CT scan findings and final clinical diagnoses dating between January 1996 and September 2001. All images were obtained by using a standard protocol for aortic dissection. We found aortic dissection in 32 patients (24.6%), 22 of which were Stanford classification type A and 10 Stanford type B. In 70 patients (53.9%), chest pain could not be explained by the CT scan findings. However, in 28 patients (21.5%), CT scanning did reveal an alternate diagnosis that, along with the clinical impression, probably explained the patients' presenting symptoms, including: hiatal hernia (7), pneumonia (5), intrathoracic mass (4), pericardial effusion/hemopericardium (3), esophageal mass/rupture (2), aortic aneurysm without dissection (2), pulmonary embolism (2), pleural effusion (1), aortic rupture (1), and pancreatitis (1). In cases where there is clinical suspicion of aortic dissection, CT scan findings of an alternate diagnosis for the presenting symptoms are only slightly less common than the finding of aortic dissection itself. Although the spectrum of findings will vary depending upon your patient population, beware the alternate diagnosis. PMID:15290550

  8. “Curettage and aspiration dissection technique” using PMOD for liver resection

    PubMed Central

    Peng, S. Y.

    2008-01-01

    Background and aims. To introduce a special dissection technique named “Curettage and Aspiration Dissection Technique” (CADT) using a versatile instrument called Peng's Multifunction Operative Dissector (PMOD) for liver resection. PMOD is an electrosurgical pencil with an inline suction, bearing four functions: electric cutting, coagulation, aspiration and dissection, The above-mentioned functions can be achieved simultaneously or sequentially during liver resection. The purpose of this study was to evaluate this technique and the special electrosurgical device in hepatic surgery. Patients and methods. From June 2005 to December 2006, 70 consecutive patients with segmentectomy or major hepatectomy were performed with this dissection technique by the same surgeon. Peri-operative data and the technical aspect of this device and dissection technique for various types of liver resection were summarised. Results. Forty-nine of 70 cases with various degrees of cirrhosis. Median blood loss were 470 ml (100–2400 ml), the bleeding and mortality within one month postoperatively was zero. There were postoperative complications in 20 patients: bile leak occurred in five cases, nine cases with right pleural effusion and six with ascites. No relative complications with this method were found. Conclusion. The CADT and PMOD can achieve better dissection and hemostasis. It possible is a much more valuable alternative to other devices currently used for liver surgery. PMID:18773106

  9. Acute three-vessel cervical arterial occlusion due to spontaneous quadruple cervical artery dissection

    PubMed Central

    Aronov, Moisey; Shevchenko, Natalia S; Amosova, Natalia A; Kotenko, Konstantin V

    2014-01-01

    Cervical artery dissection (CAD) is one of the most frequent causes (14.5%) of stroke in young adults. Cases with involvement of more than two arteries are rare. Arnold et al described 11 cases (1.5%) with triple CAD of a reported 740 patients and just a single (0.1%) quadruple case in the same population. Simultaneous dissection of the four principal vessels is extremely rare. According to Papagiannaki et al, the incidence of simultaneous three or four CADs is 1–3/million in the general population. To the best of our knowledge, there are only three published cases of spontaneous quadruple CAD. PMID:24957585

  10. Percutaneous stenting of a dissected superior mesenteric artery in a patient with previous surgical repair of Stanford type A aortic dissection.

    PubMed Central

    Hatzidakis, A; Krokidis, M; Androulakakis, Z; Rossi, M

    2015-01-01

    Background/Aim We report a case of a 54-year-old male patient with background history of hypertension, which suffered a Stanford type A thoraco-abdominal aortic dissection with extension to the visceral arteries. Description of case The patient initially underwent surgical repair with replacement of the ascending aorta and of the hemiarch in the acute phase of the dissection. Postoperatively, he developed non-specific abdominal pain that was not related to meals but led to weight loss of 20 kg within the first five post-operative months. Follow-up computerized tomography scan revealed a chronic subphrenic aortic dissection extending to the celiac axis (with involvement of the left gastric and the splenic artery), the left renal artery and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). The hepatic artery took origin from the SMA and received blood from the true lumen of the vessel, and the right renal artery was entirely supplied from the true aortic lumen. After exclusion of other causes of abdominal pain, the patient was treated with percutaneous stent placement in the dissected SMA with significant improvement of his symptoms. Conclusion This case report emphasizes the role of visceral artery endovascular techniques in the management of patients with complicated chronic aortic dissection. Hippokratia 2015; 19 (3): 270-273. PMID:27418791