Science.gov

Sample records for distance learning

  1. Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Academe, 1998

    1998-01-01

    The American Association of University Professors' government relations committee report on distance learning addresses issues and makes recommendations concerning the political context of the growth of distance learning; definitions, descriptions, and claims of distance learning; academic freedom; intellectual property rights; faculty workload…

  2. Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orey, Michael; Koenecke, Lynne; Snider, Richard C.; Perkins, Ross A.; Holmes, Glen A.; Lockee, Barbara B.; Moller, Leslie A.; Harvey, Douglas; Downs, Margaret; Godshalk, Veronica M.

    2003-01-01

    Contains four articles covering trends and issues on distance learning including: the experience of two learners learning via the Internet; a systematic approach to determining the scalability of a distance education program; identifying factors that affect learning community development and performance in asynchronous distance education; and…

  3. Defining Distance Learning and Distance Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Frederick B.; Young, Michael F.; Drivere-Richmond, Kelly; Schrader, P. G.

    2001-01-01

    This paper offers precise definitions of distance learning and distance education, and their interrelationship. First, a single definition of learning is proposed, and then the concept of learning is broken down into three subcategories: instruction, exploration, and serendipity. Each is defined and the concepts of distance learning and distance…

  4. Gender and Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brunner, Cornelia

    This article examines distance learning from a gender perspective. In any new area of enterprise, expectations have an important effect on planning, implementation, and evaluation. When it comes to distance learning, a variety of images of what this exciting new technology will look like and what it can empower us to achieve will determine how we…

  5. Distance learning perspectives.

    PubMed

    Pandza, Haris; Masic, Izet

    2013-01-01

    The development of modern technology and the Internet has enabled the explosive growth of distance learning. distance learning is a process that is increasingly present in the world. This is the field of education focused on educating students who are not physically present in the traditional classrooms or student's campus. described as a process where the source of information is separated from the students in space and time. If there are situations that require the physical presence of students, such as when a student is required to physically attend the exam, this is called a hybrid form of distance learning. This technology is increasingly used worldwide. The Internet has become the main communication channel for the development of distance learning. PMID:24222934

  6. Personalizing Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coombs-Richardson, Rita

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses how a personal approach to online learning can yield a successful experience for adults earning advanced degrees or certification in teaching. Distance learning has become increasingly popular among learners with family and work obligations. Degree-seeking adult learners appreciate the flexibility and convenience of learning…

  7. Distance Learning's Growing Reach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, John; Reese, Bob

    1995-01-01

    Examines the use of videoconferencing and video broadcasts for distance learning and presents examples: the Georgia Statewide Academic and Medical System, California State University System, Kansas City Education Network, Impact North Carolina, the School of Visual Arts in Manhattan, National Technological University, GALAXY Classroom, and…

  8. Distance Learning Programming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucero, Jesus Ricardo; And Others

    This resource guide for distance learning information, courses, and programming covers: (1) audiographics programming by the Pennsylvania Teleteaching Project; (2) cable programming, including the Cable Alliance for Education's Cable in the Classroom projects, Consumer News and Business Channel, Nostalgia Television, PENNARAMA Channel, Silent…

  9. Prospect of Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rahman, Monsurur; Karim, Reza; Byramjee, Framarz

    2015-01-01

    Many educational institutions in the United States are currently offering programs through distance learning, and that trend is rising. In almost all spheres of education a developing country like Bangladesh needs to make available the expertise of the most qualified faculty to her distant people. But the fundamental question remains as to whether…

  10. Learning Styles: Implications for Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, Waynne Blue; Gardner, Daniel L.

    1995-01-01

    Reviews types of learning styles and criteria for choosing an appropriate assessment instrument. Describes four generations of distance learning and suggests ways to enhance distance education instructional design for different learning styles. (SK)

  11. Interactive Distance Learning in Connecticut.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pietras, Jesse John; Murphy, Robert J.

    This paper provides an overview of distance learning activities in Connecticut and addresses the feasibility of such activities. Distance education programs have evolved from the one dimensional electronic mail systems to the use of sophisticated digital fiber networks. The Middlesex Distance Learning Consortium has developed a long-range plan to…

  12. Virtual Bioinformatics Distance Learning Suite

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tolvanen, Martti; Vihinen, Mauno

    2004-01-01

    Distance learning as a computer-aided concept allows students to take courses from anywhere at any time. In bioinformatics, computers are needed to collect, store, process, and analyze massive amounts of biological and biomedical data. We have applied the concept of distance learning in virtual bioinformatics to provide university course material…

  13. Distance Learning: Practice and Dilemmas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tatkovic, Nevenka; Sehanovic, Jusuf; Ruzic, Maja

    2006-01-01

    In accordance with the European processes of integrated and homogeneous education, the paper presents the essential viewpoints and questions covering the establishment and development of "distance learning" (DL) in Republic of Croatia. It starts from the advantages of distance learning versus traditional education taking into account some…

  14. USAF Initiatives in Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolfe, Thomas E.

    1996-01-01

    Examines the expansive growth of distance learning in the United States Air Force (USAF). Highlights include interactive television and the Air Technology Network that uses satellites; computer-based instruction; online electronic campus; multimedia interactive courseware; CD-ROM; distance learning benefits; data collection; administration; and…

  15. Distance Learning - A Personal History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Inabeth

    2001-01-01

    Provides an overview of distance learning programs, including the British Open University; Sunrise Semester; Nova University; University of Maine (Orono); Public Facilities Telecommunications Program; A*DEC; National Technological University; Star Schools; Massachusetts Corporation for Educational Telecommunications; museums; Jones International…

  16. Distance Learning: Untried and Untrue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halfond, Jay A.

    2010-01-01

    G. K. Chesterton famously once said: "Christianity has not been tried and found wanting; it has been found difficult and not tried." This, the author believes, applies to distance learning as well. There is far too much self-congratulatory hyperbole about the growth and pervasiveness of online learning--which exaggerates reality and overlooks the…

  17. Social learning across psychological distance.

    PubMed

    Kalkstein, David A; Kleiman, Tali; Wakslak, Cheryl J; Liberman, Nira; Trope, Yaacov

    2016-01-01

    While those we learn from are often close to us, more and more our learning environments are shifting to include more distant and dissimilar others. The question we examine in 5 studies is how whom we learn from influences what we learn and how what we learn influences from whom we choose to learn it. In Study 1, we show that social learning, in and of itself, promotes higher level (more abstract) learning than does learning based on one's own direct experience. In Studies 2 and 3, we show that when people learn from and emulate others, they tend to do so at a higher level when learning from a distant model than from a near model. Studies 4 and 5 show that thinking about learning at a higher (compared to a lower) level leads individuals to expand the range of others that they will consider learning from. Study 6 shows that when given an actual choice, people prefer to learn low-level information from near sources and high-level information from distant sources. These results demonstrate a basic link between level of learning and psychological distance in social learning processes. PMID:26727663

  18. Effects of Distance Learning on Learning Effectiveness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Hong-Cheng; Yen, Jih-Rong

    2014-01-01

    The development of computers in the past two decades has resulted in the changes of education in enterprises and schools. The advance of computer hardware and platforms allow colleges generally applying distance courses to instruction that both Ministry of Education and colleges have paid attention to the development of Distance Learning. To…

  19. Going the Distance: Active Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Notar, Charles E.; Restauri, Sherri; Wilson, Janell D.; Friery, Kathleen A.

    The growth and development of distance learning (DL) programs is on the rise. This review examines the literature looking for instructional techniques and methods for the teacher desiring to use DL technology to maximize student achievement and cognitive development and to increase student interaction. The three major relationships within the…

  20. Lessons in Developing Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gant, Lenora Peters

    1996-01-01

    Describes the use of video teletraining (VTT) for distance learning in the Department of Defense. Topics include planning and organizing the VTT facility, staff development, site facilitators, the necessity of protocol, instructional design and development strategies, student involvement and interactivity, and evaluation and assessment. (LRW)

  1. Distance learning for hospital managers.

    PubMed

    Whitener, L; Stevens, C; Cochran, K; Thompson, B G; Williams, M E

    1999-01-01

    Telemedicine technology enabled this class to meet. The Chapel Hill instructor could not have traveled to Scotland Neck for the classes, and the class members could not have taken time away from their jobs to travel to Chapel Hill. The technology allowed the participants to fit the classes into their schedules. For the group of managers at this small, isolated hospital, the experience of participating in a management class with an expert was a positive one. They were introduced to standard management practices, learned new skills, and formed a support group/team onsite. The students felt close to the leader, yet the physical distance made her an outsider in a way that encouraged frankness. The technology seemed to foster the best of both worlds--intimacy, yet physical distance and, thus, safety. These new managers were able to take part in a course that taught tangible skills for improving their job performance and, more important, afforded access to resources outside of Halifax County. They were able to step away from their daily routine and interact with outsiders and each other in new ways, without the stress and expense of travel. The results of this pilot study indicate that distance learning is feasible for courses of this kind. Staff burnout and turnover are chronic problems in rural facilities, with isolation contributing to job dissatisfaction. Distance learning offers exciting possibilities for addressing these problems in healthcare settings across the country. PMID:10847928

  2. Using Web-Based Distance Learning to Reduce Cultural Distance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, L. Fai; Trinidad, S. G.

    2004-01-01

    In recent years, Web-based distance learning (WBDL) systems have become a popular learning environment for many western learners. While it has been established as an effective learning alternative, WBDL is not flourishing in Hong Kong as expected. This paper proposes that this is because Hong Kong students are not trained to learn independently…

  3. Tidewater Community College Distance Learning Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tidewater Community Coll., Norfolk, VA.

    This study of distance learning at Tidewater Community College (TCC) was conducted to determine enrollment patterns, retention, and success in distance learning courses and student perceptions. Distance learning was defined as students enrolled in one of three modes of course delivery: telecourse, online, and compressed video. The time frame for…

  4. Challenges Encountered by a Distance Learning Organisation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malik, Sangeeta

    2012-01-01

    Distance learning as the name indicates is a learning, learner gets from distant places. In this learning system, learner and educators are separated by space & time. Lots of distance learning organizations are spreading to meet the increased demand of current & future needs of adult education. The rapid spread of these organizations doesn't mean…

  5. Learner characteristics involved in distance learning

    SciTech Connect

    Cernicek, A.T.; Hahn, H.A.

    1991-01-01

    Distance learning represents a strategy for leveraging resources to solve educational and training needs. Although many distance learning programs have been developed, lessons learned regarding differences between distance learning and traditional education with respect to learner characteristics have not been well documented. Therefore, we conducted a survey of 20 distance learning professionals. The questionnaire was distributed to experts attending the second Distance Learning Conference sponsored by Los Alamos National Laboratory. This survey not only acquired demographic information from each of the respondents but also identified important distance learning student characteristics. Significant distance learner characteristics, which were revealed statistically and which influence the effectiveness of distance learning, include the following: reading level, student autonomy, and self-motivation. Distance learning cannot become a more useful and effective method of instruction without identifying and recognizing learner characteristics. It will be important to consider these characteristics when designing all distance learning courses. This paper will report specific survey findings and their implications for developing distance learning courses. 9 refs., 6 tabs.

  6. National Wind Distance Learning Collaborative

    SciTech Connect

    Dr. James B. Beddow

    2013-03-29

    Executive Summary The energy development assumptions identified in the Department of Energy's position paper, 20% Wind Energy by 2030, projected an exploding demand for wind energy-related workforce development. These primary assumptions drove a secondary set of assumptions that early stage wind industry workforce development and training paradigms would need to undergo significant change if the workforce needs were to be met. The current training practice and culture within the wind industry is driven by a relatively small number of experts with deep field experience and knowledge. The current training methodology is dominated by face-to-face, classroom based, instructor present training. Given these assumptions and learning paradigms, the purpose of the National Wind Distance Learning Collaborative was to determine the feasibility of developing online learning strategies and products focused on training wind technicians. The initial project scope centered on (1) identifying resources that would be needed for development of subject matter and course design/delivery strategies for industry-based (non-academic) training, and (2) development of an appropriate Learning Management System (LMS). As the project unfolded, the initial scope was expanded to include development of learning products and the addition of an academic-based training partner. The core partners included two training entities, industry-based Airstreams Renewables and academic-based Lake Area Technical Institute. A third partner, Vision Video Interactive, Inc. provided technology-based learning platforms (hardware and software). The revised scope yielded an expanded set of results beyond the initial expectation. Eight learning modules were developed for the industry-based Electrical Safety course. These modules were subsequently redesigned and repurposed for test application in an academic setting. Software and hardware developments during the project's timeframe enabled redesign providing for

  7. Joint learning of labels and distance metric.

    PubMed

    Liu, Bo; Wang, Meng; Hong, Richang; Zha, Zhengjun; Hua, Xian-Sheng

    2010-06-01

    Machine learning algorithms frequently suffer from the insufficiency of training data and the usage of inappropriate distance metric. In this paper, we propose a joint learning of labels and distance metric (JLLDM) approach, which is able to simultaneously address the two difficulties. In comparison with the existing semi-supervised learning and distance metric learning methods that focus only on label prediction or distance metric construction, the JLLDM algorithm optimizes the labels of unlabeled samples and a Mahalanobis distance metric in a unified scheme. The advantage of JLLDM is multifold: 1) the problem of training data insufficiency can be tackled; 2) a good distance metric can be constructed with only very few training samples; and 3) no radius parameter is needed since the algorithm automatically determines the scale of the metric. Extensive experiments are conducted to compare the JLLDM approach with different semi-supervised learning and distance metric learning methods, and empirical results demonstrate its effectiveness. PMID:19963702

  8. Lifelong Learning & Distance Higher Education. Perspectives on Distance Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McIntosh, Christopher, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    Reflecting a common objective of ensuring quality Education for All, this book is a joint initiative of UNESCO and COL and jointly published. Lifelong Learning in Distance Higher Education brings together a diverse group of experts from many countries. The book provides a clear picture of the challenges, problems and potential of distance higher…

  9. Pitfalls and Success of Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rendon, Marie Egbert

    This report discusses the pitfalls and success of distance learning programs. The report covers instructional alternatives of telecourse, linked courses, computer-aided learning, correspondence courses, and audio/video instruction. Sixteen concerns for distance learning programs are identified; for example: (1) registration procedures for distance…

  10. Distance Learning for Mobile Internet Users

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Necat, Beran

    2007-01-01

    This paper provides an overview on the current state of art in the field of Distance learning for mobile users. It mentions a large range of technologies, services and approaches that may be used to bring distance learning to mobile internet users. These technologies are supposed to considerably increase innovative e-learning solutions for the…

  11. Exploring Cloud Computing for Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    He, Wu; Cernusca, Dan; Abdous, M'hammed

    2011-01-01

    The use of distance courses in learning is growing exponentially. To better support faculty and students for teaching and learning, distance learning programs need to constantly innovate and optimize their IT infrastructures. The new IT paradigm called "cloud computing" has the potential to transform the way that IT resources are utilized and…

  12. Has Distance Learning Become More Flexible? Reflections of a Distance Learning Student

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Theda

    2012-01-01

    This paper provides insight into the way in which distance learning had changed over the past 30 years from the perspective of the author as a distance learning student. The question is then asked as to whether current practice is reducing flexibility for distance learning students? The paper starts with a discussion of flexible learning and the…

  13. Assessing Open and Distance Learners. Open and Distance Learning Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Chris; O'Reilly, Meg

    This book is designed to help readers reflect upon their personal approaches to open and distance learning (ODL) assessment and to adapt their techniques to benefit learners. Part A explores issues and themes in ODL assessment. It examines key terms in assessment; the important relationship between assessment and learning; unique issues of…

  14. Distance Teaching Is Dead! Long Live Distance Learning! or "Autonomy in Distance Learning."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inglis, Paul

    A 135-item survey was administered to 279 students enrolled in tertiary distance education programs in Queensland, Australia. The study was intended to identify (1) factors that are highly predictive of positive and independent learning growth and (2) strategies that students and educators can adopt to help students achieve a high level of…

  15. Language Distance Learning for the Digital Generation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duran-Cerda, Dolores

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this article was to shed light on the potential of distance learning to overcome challenges in distance, space, time, and human and economic resources that limit access to language learning opportunities in cultural, literary, historical, geographical, and cross-cultural frames. Language and literature educators collectively have…

  16. NASA Langley/CNU Distance Learning Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caton, Randall; Pinelli, Thomas E.

    NASA Langley Research Center and Christopher Newport University (CNU) provide, free to the public, distance learning programs that focus on math, science, and/or technology over a spectrum of education levels from K-adult. The effort started in 1997, and currently there are a suite of five distance-learning programs. This paper presents the major…

  17. Managing Intellectual Property for Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Liz

    2006-01-01

    Managing permissions for hundreds of pieces of intellectual property (IP) can be a daunting task for any course, but it is vital in distance learning courses because of legal implications specific to the online environment. In 1998, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)severely limited the use of copyrighted materials in distance learning.…

  18. Adding Interactivity to Web Based Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cafolla, Ralph; Knee, Richard

    Web Based Distance Learning (WBDL) is a form of distance learning based on providing instruction mainly on the World Wide Web. This paradigm has limitations, especially the lack of interactivity inherent in the Web. The purpose of this paper is to discuss some of the technologies the authors have used in their courses at Florida Atlantic…

  19. Distance Learning: Promises, Problems, and Possibilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valentine, Doug

    2002-01-01

    Examines some of the current research and thought on the promises, problems, and the future possibilities in modern distance learning, particularly types that are delivered via electronic means. Topics include history of distance learning; quality of instruction; cost effectiveness; misuse of technology; equipment problems; instructor attitudes…

  20. Distance Learning: New Technology and New Potential.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Julie Davis

    1991-01-01

    Some common questions that state legislators have about how distance learning can work in their states are explored. Distance learning, once considered strictly a rural education strategy, is now recognized to have the potential to provide solutions to some of the problems states face in delivering quality education to all students. A distance…

  1. Engineering Undergraduate Distance Learning Programs: An Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kunnath, Maria Lorna; Eaglin, Ronald

    Distance education reverses the traditional way of providing education to the learning community. Instead of students coming to the university to get that needed education, the university comes to the student. This research/survey of undergraduate engineering distance learning universities was conducted utilizing traditional and virtual sources of…

  2. Quality Assurance in Distance Learning Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tripathi, Manorama; Jeevan, V. K. J.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The paper aims to study how the present distance learning libraries can improve upon their existing services and introduce new ones to enhance quality of services to distance learners. Design/methodology/approach: The paper includes a review of literature on quality assurance in open and distance education in general and student support…

  3. Distance Learning for Special Populations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Rodger A.

    2012-01-01

    Distance education strategies for remotely deployed, highly mobile, or institutionalized populations are reviewed and critiqued. Specifically, asynchronous, offline responses for special military units, Native Americans on remote reservations, prison populations and other geographically, temporally or technologically isolated niche populations are…

  4. Trends in distance learning: a new wave.

    PubMed

    Oliveira, J

    1988-01-01

    Distance learning has boomed in the last decade in developed as well as developing countries. Large open universities enrolling over 2 million students have been created in Asia. In the Middle East, distance learning institutions also have expanded. Small institutions and distance learning programs have taken hold in Africa, and Latin America offers an exciting array of distance learning institutions. Great Britain's Open University is fully consolidated and mature. Traditional distance learning programs, such as the University of California's Berkeley Extension Program in the US, continue to expand. A combination of reasons underlie the new interest in and growth of distance education, including, economic, pedagogical, timing and urgency, technological advances, managerial, sociopsychological. Distance education offers a good solution to a pressing problem, i.e., scarcity of resources. At current levels of investment in education, few countries in the developing world would be able to maintain their present levels of enrollments, much less improve access and quality. Distance education can offer flexible responses to different clients, different needs, and different types of students. Thus, in this regard, distance education is a perfect example of technology fit. If countries are to compete in international markets, updated education, training, and information must flow to countries' educational institutions and technological elites. In terms of technological advances, significant progress has been made in the areas of instructional design and student support systems through software design. Systems that manage complex operations now are widely available. As with other social innovation, the burden of proof continues to rest with the proponents of distance education. To improve the credibility of distance education, researchers need to address 4 major areas: student access; instructional design; student support systems; and evaluation and accreditation procedures

  5. Biological Simulations in Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, P. J.

    1982-01-01

    The problems of introducing biological simulations into two Open University courses and the proposed solutions are discussed in relation to sound computer assisted learning practice. Eight references are included. (Author/CHC)

  6. Cooperative Distance Learning in Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guimaraes, Luiz Carlos; Moraes, Thiago Guimaraes; Mattos, Francisco Roberto Pinto

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we report on two complementary research results. In the first we describe a tool that allows different modes of synchronous distance teaching of mathematics. In the second we report the preliminary results of a pilot study conducted using this tool to teach geometry, both with school students aged 14-15 and with undergraduate…

  7. A Distance Learning Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boord, Patricia M.

    1998-01-01

    To address diminishing resources and increased training demands, the Operational Training Unit (OTU) of the Federal Bureau of Investigation has saved almost $2 million by developing a distance education course to replace one full week of training at the FBI Academy. Discussion focuses on major issues faced by OTU in designing/delivering this…

  8. Distance Learning and Technology Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Maxwell C.

    Brevard Community College (BCC), in Florida, undertook a review of enrollment, social and workplace trends, and institutional capabilities to determine opportunities, barriers, and implications for the institution in implementing distance education (DE) and instructional technology. Trends analyzed included enrollment shifts toward older students,…

  9. Teaching Computer Science Courses in Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huan, Xiaoli; Shehane, Ronald; Ali, Adel

    2011-01-01

    As the success of distance learning (DL) has driven universities to increase the courses offered online, certain challenges arise when teaching computer science (CS) courses to students who are not physically co-located and have individual learning schedules. Teaching CS courses involves high level demonstrations and interactivity between the…

  10. Interaction: The Key to Successful Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byers, Al

    This paper discusses the impediments to distance education (DE) programs and the critical value of interaction and dialog in DE learning environments. The types of interaction to be considered when designing a DE program are listed, including interaction to increase learning, to increase participation, to develop communication, to receive…

  11. Distance Education as a Facilitator of Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Hook, Steven R.

    2008-01-01

    This article considers various learning theories, applied to three key transforming areas in adult education in general, and distance learning in particular: the andragogical issues, the technical issues, and the cultural issues. Cultural Dimension Indexes from Hofstede (1997) are appended. (Contains 1 chart.)

  12. Transactional Distance in a Blended Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dron, Jon; Seidel, Catharine; Litten, Gabrielle

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents a case study that describes and discusses the problems encountered during the design and implementation of a blended learning course, largely taught online through a web-based learning environment. Based on Moore's theory of transactional distance, the course was explicitly designed to have dialogue at its heart. However, the…

  13. Learning Styles and Satisfaction in Distance Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Darren C.

    2014-01-01

    Although complex, controversial, and contradicting, learning styles is highly influential. Distance education (DE) has experienced tremendous growth in the last few decades. The popularity of learning styles and DE necessitates research. This correlational research study was conducted to determine if there is any evidence to incorporate learning…

  14. PANdora's Box: Distance Learning Technologies in Asia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baggaley, Jon; Hoon, Maria Ng Lee

    2005-01-01

    This article provides an international perspective on learning technology developments, with emphasis on the special challenges of designing distance learning technologies (DLT) in the developing countries of Asia. A commentary on the current achievements and problems of DLT designers is provided, based on the authors' recent study tour of…

  15. Requiring Writing, Ensuring Distance-Learning Outcomes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulligan, Roark; Geary, Susan

    1999-01-01

    Discussion of the quality of distance learning programs focuses on a study of Christopher Newport University (CPU ONLINE) that showed learning outcomes in online courses were as good as outcomes in traditional courses. Describes online writing requirements that helped students develop critical thinking skills. (Author/LRW)

  16. Distance Learning: Lessons from the Early Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Kenneth C.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the history and development of distance education. Topics include land grant colleges and agricultural extension efforts; the use of radio and television for learning; use of the Web; lifelong learning needs fueled by a changing job market; infrastructure and user support; the role of faculty; and student responsibility. (LRW)

  17. Computer Systems for Distributed and Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, M.; Jackson, David

    2000-01-01

    Discussion of network-based learning focuses on a survey of computer systems for distributed and distance learning. Both Web-based systems and non-Web-based systems are reviewed in order to highlight some of the major trends of past projects and to suggest ways in which progress may be made in the future. (Contains 92 references.) (Author/LRW)

  18. Manifold Learning by Preserving Distance Orders

    PubMed Central

    Akcakaya, Murat; Orhan, Umut; Erdogmus, Deniz

    2014-01-01

    Nonlinear dimensionality reduction is essential for the analysis and the interpretation of high dimensional data sets. In this manuscript, we propose a distance order preserving manifold learning algorithm that extends the basic mean-squared error cost function used mainly in multidimensional scaling (MDS)-based methods. We develop a constrained optimization problem by assuming explicit constraints on the order of distances in the low-dimensional space. In this optimization problem, as a generalization of MDS, instead of forcing a linear relationship between the distances in the high-dimensional original and low-dimensional projection space, we learn a non-decreasing relation approximated by radial basis functions. We compare the proposed method with existing manifold learning algorithms using synthetic datasets based on the commonly used residual variance and proposed percentage of violated distance orders metrics. We also perform experiments on a retinal image dataset used in Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) diagnosis. PMID:25045195

  19. Distance Learning for Community Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Anthony A.

    2010-01-01

    This article takes a look at the influence of technology on curriculum and teaching. It specifically examines the new wave of available technology and the opportunity for schools to make inroads into community outreach by engaging new, technological learning methods. The relationship among community education, public school relations, and distance…

  20. Distance Learning With NASA Lewis Research Center's Learning Technologies Project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Petersen, Ruth

    1998-01-01

    The NASA Lewis Research Center's Learning Technologies Project (LTP) has responded to requests from local school district technology coordinators to provide content for videoconferencing workshops. Over the past year we have offered three teacher professional development workshops that showcase NASA Lewis-developed educational products and NASA educational Internet sites. In order to determine the direction of our involvement with distance learning, the LTP staff conducted a survey of 500 U.S. schools. We received responses from 72 schools that either currently use distance learning or will be using distance learning in 98-99 school year. The results of the survey are summarized in the article. In addition, the article provides information on distance learners, distance learning technologies, and the NASA Lewis LTP videoconferencing workshops. The LTP staff will continue to offer teacher development workshops through videoconferencing during the 98-99 school year. We hope to add workshops on new educational products as they are developed at NASA Lewis.

  1. Inductive learning using generalized distance measures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Honavar, Vasant

    1992-08-01

    This paper briefly reviews the two currently dominant paradigms in machine learning--the connectionist network (CN) models and symbol processing (SP) systems; argues for the centrality of knowledge representation frameworks in learning; examines a range of representations in increasing order of complexity and measures of similarity or distance that are appropriate for each of them; introduces the notion of a generalized distance measure (GDM) and presents a class of GDM-based inductive learning algorithms (GDML). GDML are motivated by the need for an integration of symbol processing (SP) and connectionist network (CN) approaches to machine learning. GDM offer a natural generalization of the notion of distance or measure of mismatch used in a variety of pattern recognition techniques (e.g., k-nearest neighbor classifiers, neural networks using radial basis functions, and so on) to a range of structured representations such strings, trees, pyramids, association nets, conceptual graphs, etc. which include those used in computer vision and syntactic approaches to pattern recognition. GDML are a natural extension of generative or constructive learning algorithms for neural networks that enable an adaptive and parsimonious determination of the network topology as well as the desired weights as a function of learning Applications of GDML include tasks such as planning, concept learning, and 2- and 3-dimensional object recognition. GDML offer a basis for a natural integration of SP and CN approaches to the construction of intelligent systems that perceive, learn, and act.

  2. Making Distance Learning E.R.O.T.I.C.: Applying Interpretation Principles to Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Anne; Siepen, Greg; O'Connor, Sue

    2003-01-01

    Distance learners are self-directed learners traditionally taught via study books, collections of readings, and exercises to test understanding of learning packages. Despite advances in e-Learning environments and computer-based teaching interfaces, distance learners still lack opportunities to participate in exercises and debates available to…

  3. Facilitating Asynchronous Distance Learning: Exploiting Opportunities for Knowledge Building in Asynchronous Distance Learning Environments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prestera, Gustavo E.; Moller, Leslie A.

    Computer mediated communication tools enable today's distance learners to engage in collaborative problem solving, threaded discussions, and peer tutoring through asynchronous distance learning environments. This paper suggests that these are best accomplished by establishing virtual learning communities, which break down traditional…

  4. Scenario Crisis Cases in Distance Learning Sessions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Antunes, A.

    2013-04-01

    We discuss early results using student-lead role-play of crises and disaster scenarios to encourage engagement in distance learning sessions. The disadvantage of distance learning via web interface—the lack of face-to-face and the ease with which a student can remain quiet—is balanced by the wealth of Internet-accessible media reports of past mission disasters. Capitol College minimizes the lecture component to simply frame each session's open-ended crisis in our Mission Operations engineering course. The students are presented with a historical ‘disaster’ but not its resolution; they present their course of action, then the lecturer steps in to debrief. With a wealth of past cases available on the web, use of scenarios rather than lectures shows early signs of being viable model for encouraging discussion and interaction within distance learning for a variety of course topics.

  5. Explorations in Physics and Distance Learning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caviness, Kenneth

    2010-02-01

    How can the activity-based directed inquiry model be applied in a distance learning class? Lessons learned during a two-year pilot program (2007-2009) using the ``Explorations in Physics'' curriculum (David P. Jackson, Priscilla W. Laws, Scott V. Franklin) for a class taught over the internet using VCAM technology. The author reports on the successes, difficulties and surprises of teaching an exploratory physics class at a distance, where teacher-student interaction occurred via high-definition camera and big screen, two-way sight and sound carried by high-speed internet. )

  6. Open Classroom: Distance Learning In and Out of Schools. Open and Distance Learning Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, Jo, Ed.

    This collection of essays, which is separated into 4 sections, concerns open and distance learning at school level, or grades K-12. The first section, "The Knowledge Society," includes the following chapters: "Classroom Open Learning: A Case of Old Wine in New Bottles?" (Jenkins); "Living and Learning in the Information Age: From the School to…

  7. Distance Learning: Multimedia Equipment at Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Sabina R.; Crawford, Vernon A.

    1994-01-01

    Describes a Florida school district's distance learning system, focusing on the instructional television system, which uses fiber optic cable to connect five high schools, the district television studios, district offices, and the community college. Descriptions of equipment needed, corporate participation, courses offered, and suggestions for…

  8. Distance Learning. Symposium 4. [AHRD Conference, 2001].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2001

    This document contains three papers on distance learning and human resource development (HRD). "An Exploration of Perceived Differences in Teaching Roles between On-Site and On-line Instruction" (James J. Kirk) reports on a study in which 144 online instructors at selected institutions across the United States were asked to share their perceptions…

  9. Distance Learning Close to the Ground.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Bernard H.

    With the advent of Internet instruction, distance learning has taken on enhanced status in higher education. This paper describes how Internet instruction differs from traditional instruction, what changes must be made if an institution chooses to move into Internet instruction, and some ramifications of those choices. As a general rule, Internet…

  10. Distance Learning Librarians: Their Shared Vision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casey, Anne Marie

    2009-01-01

    Shared vision is a component of leadership that fosters innovation through buy-in at all levels of the organization. At times, people see a need for innovation but do not have the power to make changes on their own. Many librarians in academic institutions that were early adopters of distance learning envisioned a need for new services that were…

  11. Distance Learning Library Services in Ugandan Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayende, Jackline Estomihi Kiwelu; Obura, Constant Okello

    2013-01-01

    The study carried out at Makerere University and Uganda Martyrs University in 2010 aimed at providing strategies for enhanced distance learning library services in terms of convenience and adequacy. The study adopted a cross sectional descriptive survey design. The study revealed services provided in branch libraries in Ugandan universities were…

  12. A Practical Setting of Distance Learning Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Shousan; Buck, Lawrence

    1996-01-01

    Describes a distance-learning classroom developed and used by Central Connecticut State University for nurse training, educational statistics, mathematics, and technology courses. Discusses initial engineering, video cameras, video source switching, lighting, audio, and other technical and related aspects. Block diagrams and lists of equipment for…

  13. Distance Learning and the CES Common Principles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hallisey, Jennie

    2009-01-01

    In 2001, Boston Day and Evening Academy (BDEA) started its Distance Learning Program (DL) to serve students who could not come to school on a regular basis. Because it is by design a competency-based school, the opportunity to have a program where students truly demonstrated the required skill set rather than just attending specific courses met…

  14. Modified Video Course Methodology for Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Springer, Stephen B.

    In recent years, colleges have made extensive efforts to provide distance learning opportunities for adult students. At Southwest Texas State University, a required course in the Occupational Education program has been delivered in a modified video format. The video was made of an actual class being taught in a production studio. The main…

  15. The Near & Far of Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, James; Samels, James E.

    1995-01-01

    This article argues that colleges and universities that overlook the potential of new technology for development of distance-learning programs may find themselves losing students and revenue to other institutions and corporate competitors. Eight considerations in development of an institutional telecommunications policy are outlined, and several…

  16. Development of HDTV Distance Learning Content

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morales, Carlos Rafael

    2004-01-01

    In the summer of 2003, members of Purdue University's School of Technology decided to produce 90 hours of HDTV-quality instructional video as part of a distance-learning initiative. To fully exploit the power of the video medium and the added resolution of high-definition television, the team used virtual-set and advanced computer-graphics…

  17. Online Quizzes for Distance Learning of Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowe, Tim W.

    2015-01-01

    In this article, the use of formative and summative online quizzes within a distance learning introductory mathematics module at the UK Open University is described. The rational for introducing such quizzes is outlined, together with how the quizzes are embedded within the module. The use of the quizzes by students is analysed, in terms of the…

  18. Improving Audio Quality in Distance Learning Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Craig H.

    This paper discusses common causes of problems encountered with audio systems in distance learning networks and offers practical suggestions for correcting the problems. Problems and discussions are divided into nine categories: (1) acoustics, including reverberant classrooms leading to distorted or garbled voices, as well as one-dimensional audio…

  19. Distance Learning in Alaska's Rural Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bramble, William J.

    1986-01-01

    The distance education and instructional technology projects that have been undertaken in Alaska over the last decade are detailed in this paper. The basic services offered by the "Learn Alaska Network" are described in relation to three user groups: K-12 education; postsecondary education; and general public education and information. The audio…

  20. Teaching to the Camera: Learning Long Distance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dallas, Phyllis Surrency; Franklin, Marie L.

    A study examined a joint service project undertaken by two Georgia State University (GSU) English department faculty members interested in studying distance learning technology. GSU's system uses fiber optics and technology to connect learners at a remote site to a teacher. The project involved assisting in preparing gifted students in grades 6-8…

  1. A Few Common Misconceptions about Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillstock, Laurie G.

    2005-01-01

    At present, with new technologies emerging daily and the growing need for more flexibility in scheduling, there seems to be an overall drive towards the need for distance learning. According to PBS Campus, 67% of colleges and universities agree that online education is a critical, longterm strategy for their institution. As a result, 49% of…

  2. Materials Production in Open and Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lockwood, Fred, Ed.

    This book contains 19 papers grouped in three sections that lead the reader through the process of planning, producing, and presenting materials in open and distance learning, based on experience in Great Britain. Following an overview by Roger Lewis, the Planning section contains the following six papers: "Resources and Constraints in Open and…

  3. Distance Learning and Public School Finance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monahan, Brian; Wimber, Charles

    This discussion of the application of computers and telecommunications technology to distance learning begins by describing a workstation equipped to produce "lessonware" in such formats as audiocassettes, videocassettes, diskettes, and voice messages. Such workstations would be located in classrooms equipped with two-way reverse passes to a cable…

  4. Distance Learning: Emerging Pedagogical Issues and Learning Designs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dabbagh, Nada

    2004-01-01

    Distance learning has significantly changed over the years from a social, pedagogical, and technological perspective. The compatible bonding of telecommunications technologies and social constructivist learning principles premised a pedagogical ecology that has challenged traditional teaching practices, faculty and student roles, institutional…

  5. Self-Learning through Programmed Learning in Distance Mode.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rao, D. Prakasa; Reddy, B. Sudhakar

    2002-01-01

    Presents the characteristics and development of self-learning material (SLM) in distance education. Discusses teaching with programmed learning; structure of SLM; and how SLM helps in self-study. Discusses the advantages of print materials as accompanying programmed instruction, because they are portable, well-structured, compact, and easily…

  6. Cooperative Learning in Distance Learning: A Mixed Methods Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kupczynski, Lori; Mundy, Marie Anne; Goswami, Jaya; Meling, Vanessa

    2012-01-01

    Distance learning has facilitated innovative means to include Cooperative Learning (CL) in virtual settings. This study, conducted at a Hispanic-Serving Institution, compared the effectiveness of online CL strategies in discussion forums with traditional online forums. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected from 56 graduate student…

  7. Self-Regulated Learning Ability of Chinese Distance Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhao, Hong; Chen, Li; Panda, Santosh

    2014-01-01

    This study reports on self-regulated learning (SRL) of Chinese distance learners by using a structured SRL scale. SRL of adult and lifelong learners is a well-researched area, though its application within distance education is a new area of investigation. Open and distance learning lean heavily on self-learning and self-learning resources, though…

  8. 46 CFR 10.412 - Distance and e-learning.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Distance and e-learning. 10.412 Section 10.412 Shipping... CREDENTIAL Training Courses and Programs § 10.412 Distance and e-learning. The Coast Guard may allow the training of mariners by means of distance learning and e-learning in accordance with the standards...

  9. Transforming public health through distance learning.

    PubMed

    Hirano, D; Dillenberg, J

    1998-09-01

    Public health agencies face old and new problems in the next century: emerging infectious and chronic diseases, health problems related to personal behaviors, a changing demography, and a deteriorating physical and social environment. To meet these challenges, public health agencies should consider the following: the advent of new communications technologies, the need for a strong workforce, and the need for new partnerships. Distance learning can serve as a means to facilitate a strong workforce and new partnerships. PMID:10187065

  10. NASA Langley/CNU Distance Learning Programs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Caton, Randall; Pinelli, Thomas E.

    2002-01-01

    NASA Langley Research Center and Christopher Newport University (CNU) provide, free to the public, distance learning programs that focus on math, science, and/or technology over a spectrum of education levels from K-adult. The effort started in 1997, and we currently have a suite of five distance-learning programs. We have around 450,000 registered educators and 12.5 million registered students in 60 countries. Partners and affiliates include the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), the Aerospace Education Coordinating Committee (AECC), the Alliance for Community Media, the National Educational Telecommunications Association, Public Broadcasting System (PBS) affiliates, the NASA Learning Technologies Channel, the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM), the Council of the Great City Schools, Hampton City Public Schools, Sea World Adventure Parks, Busch Gardens, ePALS.com, and Riverdeep. Our mission is based on the "Horizon of Learning," a vision for inspiring learning across a continuum of educational experiences. The programs form a continuum of educational experiences for elementary youth through adult learners. The strategic plan for the programs will evolve to reflect evolving national educational needs, changes within NASA, and emerging system initiatives. Plans for each program component include goals, objectives, learning outcomes, and rely on sound business models. It is well documented that if technology is used properly it can be a powerful partner in education. Our programs employ both advances in information technology and in effective pedagogy to produce a broad range of materials to complement and enhance other educational efforts. Collectively, the goals of the five programs are to increase educational excellence; enhance and enrich the teaching of mathematics, science, and technology; increase scientific and technological literacy; and communicate the results of NASA discovery, exploration, innovation and research

  11. Guide to Distance Learning as an Alternative Delivery Procedure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    This guide addresses distance learning programs as one approach to the alternative procedures identified by state regulations for use by Texas schools. The general introduction to procedures and regulations for use of distance learning that is provided in the first section briefly describes distance learning, eligible plan sponsors, course…

  12. International Perspectives of Distance Learning in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Joi L., Ed.; Benson, Angela D., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    This book, written by authors representing 12 countries and five continents, is a collection of international perspectives on distance learning and distance learning implementations in higher education. The perspectives are presented in the form of practical case studies of distance learning implementations, research studies on teaching and…

  13. Distance Learning in Higher Education. CHEA Update Number 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council for Higher Education Accreditation, Washington, DC.

    This report discusses issues related to distance learning in higher education. Section 1, "The Expanding Universe of Distance Learning," examines: data from a new national survey on higher education distance learning; Internet access in elementary and secondary schools; the 1999 national survey of information technology in higher education;…

  14. Distance learning in toxicology: Australia's RMIT program

    SciTech Connect

    Ahokas, Jorma . E-mail: Jorma.ahokas@rmit.edu.au; Donohue, Diana; Rix, Colin; Wright, Paul

    2005-09-01

    RMIT University was the first to offer a comprehensive Masters of Toxicology in Australasia 19 years ago. In 2001 the program was transformed into two stages, leading to a Graduate Diploma and Master of Applied Science in Toxicology. Now, these programs are fully online and suitable for graduates living and working anywhere in the world. The modular distance-learning courses are specifically designed to equip students with essential skills for entering fields such as chemical and drug evaluation; risk assessment of chemicals in the workplace; environmental and food toxicology. RMIT's online course delivery system has made it possible to deliver the toxicology programs, both nationally and internationally. The learning material and interactive activities (tests and quizzes, discussion boards, chat sessions) use Blackboard and WebBoard, each with a different educational function. Students log in to a Learning Hub to access their courses. The Learning Hub enables students to extend their learning beyond the classroom to the home, workplace, library and any other location with Internet access. The teaching staff log in to the Learning Hub to maintain and administer the online programs and courses which they have developed and/or which they teach. The Learning Hub is also a communication tool for students and staff, providing access to email, a diary and announcements. The early experience of delivering a full toxicology program online is very positive. However this mode of teaching continues to present many interesting technical, educational and cultural challenges, including: the design and presentation of the material; copyright issues; internationalisation of content; interactive participation; and the assessment procedures.

  15. Ordinal Distance Metric Learning for Image Ranking.

    PubMed

    Li, Changsheng; Liu, Qingshan; Liu, Jing; Lu, Hanqing

    2015-07-01

    Recently, distance metric learning (DML) has attracted much attention in image retrieval, but most previous methods only work for image classification and clustering tasks. In this brief, we focus on designing ordinal DML algorithms for image ranking tasks, by which the rank levels among the images can be well measured. We first present a linear ordinal Mahalanobis DML model that tries to preserve both the local geometry information and the ordinal relationship of the data. Then, we develop a nonlinear DML method by kernelizing the above model, considering of real-world image data with nonlinear structures. To further improve the ranking performance, we finally derive a multiple kernel DML approach inspired by the idea of multiple-kernel learning that performs different kernel operators on different kinds of image features. Extensive experiments on four benchmarks demonstrate the power of the proposed algorithms against some related state-of-the-art methods. PMID:25163071

  16. Distance learning for the RN first assistant.

    PubMed

    Degon, Ronald

    2010-01-01

    The number of online, distance-learning programs has increased to accommodate the needs of today's adult learners; these include new programs that feature perioperative courses for RN first assistants (RNFAs). Whereas the advantages of these programs include flexible schedules and the ability to participate at one's own pace, the disadvantages can include the lack of immediate access to faculty members who can answer questions or clarify information, and the added difficulty of learning a technical skill without hands-on training. The RNFA training program at Rock Valley College, Rockford, Illinois, is a hybrid training program that includes three phases: an online component, a hands-on workshop, and a clinical preceptorship. PMID:20102811

  17. A Distance Learning Model for Teaching Higher Order Thinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Notar, Charles E.; Wilson, Janell D.; Montgomery, Mary K.

    2005-01-01

    A teaching model for distance learning (DL) requires a system (a technology) and process (a way of linking resources) that makes distance learning no different than learning in the traditional classroom. The process must support a design that provides for learning, ensures maximum transfer, and is student-centered. The process must provide a…

  18. A Conceptual Model for Effective Distance Learning in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farajollahi, Mehran; Zare, Hosein; Hormozi, Mahmood; Sarmadi, Mohammad Reza; Zarifsanaee, Nahid

    2010-01-01

    The present research aims at presenting a conceptual model for effective distance learning in higher education. Findings of this research shows that an understanding of the technological capabilities and learning theories especially constructive theory and independent learning theory and communicative and interaction theory in Distance learning is…

  19. Transactional Distance and Autonomy in a Distance Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vasiloudis, G.; Koutsouba, M.; Giossos, Y.; Mavroidis, I.

    2015-01-01

    This paper studies the transactional distance between the students and the tutor as well as the autonomy of students in a postgraduate course of the Hellenic Open University (HOU). The aim of the paper is to examine how the relation between autonomy and transactional distance evolves during an academic year and how this relation is affected by…

  20. Radio and distance learning in Pakistan.

    PubMed

    Abbas, R

    1987-01-01

    Radio is a powerful communication vehicle in Pakistan able to reach 3/4 of urban and 2/3 of rural households. Until 1974, most radio broadcasts of the Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation, a state monopoly, were in the categories of music, drama, and features; news and current affairs; and religious broadcasts. The Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU), a distance learning educational institution, was established through an act of the Pakistan Parliament in 1974 and is the only institution in the country to use radio broadcasts for its curriculum. Also established in 1974 within the AIOU was the Institute of Educational Technology (IET). The IET channels the transmission and flow of well-designed educational messages and lessons from the teachers to the students by employing distance teaching methodology that seeks to reinforce students' weekly lessons. IET closely integrates its activities within the University's academic departments. IET staff members not only participate in the development of course curriculum and syllabi, but also help to identify course content needing reinforcement through radio. While the teachers at AIOU convert the course curricula into distance-learning self-study activity-oriented correspondence texts, IET producers transcribe these scripts into actual production scripts. Feedback from students and findings of the University's Research and Statistical Cell are used to make revisions in the scripts. The AIOU enrolls an average of 100,000 students each year. Expansion is being limited only by the costs of purchasing time from the Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation (Rs 2000 for a 15-minute lesson) and the availability of appropriate time slots. PMID:12281001

  1. Open and Distance Learning Today. Routledge Studies in Distance Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lockwood, Fred, Ed.

    This book contains the following papers on open and distance learning today: "Preface" (Daniel); "Big Bang Theory in Distance Education" (Hawkridge); "Practical Agenda for Theorists of Distance Education" (Perraton); "Trends, Directions and Needs: A View from Developing Countries" (Koul); "American Distance Education" (Moore); "Creating the…

  2. Supporting Students in Open and Distance Learning. Open and Distance Learning Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Ormond

    This book, which is intended for individuals involved in recruiting and teaching students in open and distance learning (ODL) situations, examines academic and nonacademic student support issues in ODL. The following are among the topics discussed in the book's 14 chapters: (1) models and definitions of ODL systems; (2) rationale for student…

  3. Open and Distance Learning: Case Studies from Industry and Education. Open and Distance Learning Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Stephen C., Ed.

    This book contains 14 case studies, written by those involved in the teaching and training initiatives, that illustrate the use of open and distance learning strategies. The case studies, drawn from many parts of the world (but mostly British based), feature efforts in large and small companies in a variety of industries. The first part of the…

  4. Occasional Papers in Open and Distance Learning, Number 18.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donnan, Peter, Ed.

    Six papers examine innovations and trends in distance learning, frequently drawing upon empirical research or informal observations on distance learning students at Charles Sturt University (Australia). "On-Line Study Packages for Distance Education: Some Considerations of Conceptual Parameters" (Dirk M. R. Spennemann) discusses issues in the…

  5. E-Learning and Distance Education in Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ajadi, Timothy Olugbenga; Salawu, Ibrahim Olatunde; Adeoye, Femi Adetunji

    2008-01-01

    This paper discusses the relevance of e-learning in the position of distance education in Nigeria. It commences by discussing the meaning of e-learning and distance education. It also discusses the historical background of distance education in Nigeria as well as the operations of National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN) as the first federal…

  6. Distance Learning: Information Access and Services for Virtual Users.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iyer, Hemalata, Ed.

    This volume centers broadly on information support services for distance education. The articles in this book can be categorized into two areas: access to information resources for distance learners, and studies of distance learning programs. Contents include: "The Challenges and Benefits of Asynchronous Learning Networks" (Daphne Jorgensen);…

  7. Blended Learning in Distance Education: Sri Lankan Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liyanagunawardena, T. R.; Adams, A. A.; Rassool, N.; Williams, S. A.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the implementation of online learning in distance educational delivery at Yellow Fields University (pseudonymous) in Sri Lanka. The implementation of online distance education at the University included the use of blended learning. The policy initiative to introduce online for distance education in Sri Lanka…

  8. Cooperative Learning at a Distance: An Experiment with Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Katherine; Ellingson, Dee Ann

    2010-01-01

    The merits of incorporating group work into learning environments are well established. Online classes and other distance learning settings, however, can make it challenging to introduce traditional group projects. Wikis use technology to facilitate group work in distance learning settings. Wikis allow individuals in different locations to…

  9. Attitudes Affecting College Students' Preferences for Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Yaacov J.

    2002-01-01

    Describes a study of undergraduates in Israel that examined the relationship between two distance learning ICT (information and communication technology)-based configurations. Results indicate that psychological attitudes held by students differentially facilitate efficient use of distance learning approaches. Considers satisfaction with learning,…

  10. Vocational Education Distance Learning Delivery System. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardy, Darcy Walsh

    A project was conducted to identify criteria and procedures for using a distance learning delivery system at the University of Texas TeleLearning Center to teach Health Occupations II to high school seniors. Another objective was expanding the current distance learning program for health occupations to include between 15 and 20 school districts.…

  11. Distance Learning in British Universities: Is It Possible?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lentell, Helen

    2012-01-01

    The wider context (political and economic) for developing sustainable distance learning in UK universities is encouraging and new learning technologies promise much improved products and services. But conventional campus-based universities struggle to build and/or expand sustainable distance learning provision. This article identifies the core…

  12. Rethinking Distance Learning Activities: A Comparison of Transactional Distance Theory and Activity Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kang, Haijun; Gyorke, Allan S.

    2008-01-01

    Despite its invaluable guidance to distance education development, transactional distance (TD) theory is not seamlessly synchronised with current field practice and lacks a social component. After it has provided over 30 years of guidance, there is now a need to re-appraise TD's propositions about distance learning activities. The social-cultural…

  13. A Security Framework for Online Distance Learning and Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Furnell, S. M.; Onions, P. D.; Bleimann, U.; Gojny, U.; Knahl, M.; Roder, H. F.; Sanders, P. W.

    1998-01-01

    Presents a generic reference model for online distance learning and discusses security issues for each stage (enrollment, study, completion, termination, suspension). Discusses a security framework (authentication and accountability, access control, intrusion detection, network communications, nonrepudiation, learning resources provider…

  14. Assessing Learning Styles among Students with and without Learning Disabilities at a Distance-Learning University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heiman, Tali

    2006-01-01

    Differences in the learning styles of students with and without learning disabilities (LD) at a distance-learning university were examined. Two hundred and twelve students answered self-report questionnaires on their learning styles. Results revealed that students with LD preferred to use more stepwise processing, including memorizing and…

  15. Quality Assurance in Distance and Open Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahafzah, Mohammed Hasan

    2012-01-01

    E-learning has become an increasingly important teaching and learning mode in educational institutions and corporate training. The evaluation of E-learning, however, is essential for the quality assurance of E-learning courses. This paper constructs a three-phase evaluation model for E-learning courses, which includes development, process, and…

  16. Lessons learned from ten years of distance learning outreach*

    PubMed Central

    Locatis, Craig; Gaines, Cynthia; Liu, Wei-Li; Gill, Michael; Ackerman, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The study tested the efficacy of providing distance learning with real-time videoconferencing to broaden high school student knowledge of health careers. Methods: A pilot program was tried out and extended over ten years to include other schools in four different time zones and the National Library of Medicine. Survey results, site visits, and continued school participation were used as effectiveness indicators. Student ratings, site visits, and ongoing discussions were used to evaluate critical factors in the program. Results: Nine program factors contributed to success. Conclusions: Synchronous communication can be effective for outreach to special populations given appropriate infrastructure, technology, program design, and implementation. PMID:25918486

  17. Distance Learning: Silver Bullet or Educational Apartheid?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greer-Pitt, Sue

    This paper discusses why distance education is not the cure all that political leaders hope it will be, and outlines some of the reasons why distance education sometimes results in education that is separate and unequal. It identifies some of the major categories of distance education: correspondence courses, one-way televised courses (broadcast,…

  18. Improving Teaching and Learning at a Distance through Collegial Partnerships.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waghid, Yusef

    1998-01-01

    Pursuing design and development through collegial partnerships will improve the quality of teaching and learning at a distance. This article argues that the concept of what excellence in teaching and learning is determines what should be done to achieve it and discusses how distance education practitioners can act as in-house change agents for…

  19. The Development of Accessibility Indicators for Distance Learning Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burgstahler, Sheryl

    2006-01-01

    A study was undertaken to explore program policies and practices related to the accessibility of American distance learning courses to qualified students with disabilities. A literature review was conducted, a draft list of accessibility indicators was created, examples of applications of the indicators in existing distance learning programs were…

  20. On-Line Distance Learning: A Model for Developing Countries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khan, Abdul W.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses issues related to open and distance-learning (ODL) in developing countries, using the virtual campus initiative of the Indira Gandhi National Open University (India) as an example and model of on-line program delivery and on-line, for-profit telelearning centers. Suggests strategies to enable open and distance-learning institutions to…

  1. Distance Learning: A Neglected Mode of Instruction in LSP.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyle, Ron

    LSP is an acronym for "Language for Special Purposes." Two distance learning English-for-Special-Purposes (ESP) pilot projects at the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) are described to illustrate the type of work to which distance learning might make a contribution. English is the language of instruction at AIT. The first project is a…

  2. The Survey of Distance Learning Programs in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Primary Research Group, Inc., New York, NY.

    Based on survey data from college and university distance learning programs in the United States and Canada, this report gives higher education administrators hard data to make decisions on the financing, scope, and development of distance learning efforts. It also profiles some of the leading practitioners such as Johns Hopkins, California State…

  3. Reconsidering the Promise of Satellites as a Distance Learning Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piskurich, George M.

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the use of satellite-mediated distance learning. Highlights include costs; implementation; interactive distance learning (IDL); instructional design; a case study of a training course designed for IDL that used satellite technology; and a checklist for planning satellite-mediated IDL. (LRW)

  4. A Framework for Developing Competencies in Open and Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arinto, Patricia B.

    2013-01-01

    Many open universities and distance education institutions have shifted from a predominantly print-based mode of delivery to an online mode characterised by the use of virtual learning environments and various web technologies. This paper describes the impact of the shift to open and distance e-learning (ODeL), as this trend might be called, on…

  5. Manpower Development for Workers in Tertiary Institutions: Distance Learning Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassan, Moshood Ayinde

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which workers patronize distance learning approach to further their education. Other purposes include: determine problems facing workers in the process of improving their knowledge and skills through distance learning approach; establish the level of attainment of manpower development…

  6. The Distance Learning of Foreign Languages: A Research Agenda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Cynthia

    2014-01-01

    Research into the distance learning of languages is now established as a significant avenue of enquiry in language teaching, with evident research trajectories in several domains. This article selects and analyses significant areas of investigation in distance language learning and teaching to identify new and emerging gaps, along with research…

  7. A Model for Self-Regulated Distance Language Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrade, Maureen S.; Bunker, Ellen L.

    2009-01-01

    The role of learner autonomy and self-regulated learning in distance education has received much attention. The application of these concepts impacts course design and, potentially, learner achievement. In the case of distance language learning, course designers must consider not only how to help learners gain communicative competence but also…

  8. Future Directions in Distance Learning and Communication Technologies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shih, Timothy; Hung, Jason

    2007-01-01

    Future Directions in Distance Learning and Communication Technologies presents theoretical studies and practical solutions for engineers, educational professionals, and graduate students in the research areas of e-learning, distance education, and instructional design. This book provides readers with cutting-edge solutions and research directions…

  9. Distance Learning with Microcomputers in the Virgin Islands.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarken, Rodney H.; And Others

    This paper discusses distance learning with microcomputers and describes how the University of the Virgin Islands (UVI) has used and plans to utilize this technology. The paper is divided into the following topics of discussion: (1) distance learning systems with microcomputers; (2) educational needs of the U.S. Virgin Islands; (3) a profile of…

  10. Evaluation of Hybrid and Distance Education Learning Environments in Spain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferrer-Cascales, Rosario; Walker, Scott L.; Reig-Ferrer, Abilio; Fernandez-Pascual, Maria Dolores; Albaladejo-Blazquez, Natalia

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the adaptation and validation of the "Distance Education Learning Environments Survey" (DELES) for use in investigating the qualities found in distance and hybrid education psycho-social learning environments in Spain. As Europe moves toward post-secondary student mobility, equanimity in access to higher education, and more…

  11. Distance-Learning Programs. Case Studies in TESOL Practice Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henrichsen, Lynn E., Ed.

    The 14 cases in this book show how distance learning takes a variety of forms in teaching English to speakers of other languages (TESOL). The 15 chapters include the following: (1) "Beyond Adding Telecommunications to a Traditional Course: Insights into Human and Instructional Factors Affecting Distance Learning in TESOL" (Lynn E. Hendrichsen);…

  12. High Tech/High Touch: Distance Learning in Counselor Preparation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albrecht, Annette C.; Jones, Dennis G.

    Over the next decade, distance learning will provide counselor preparation programs with a host of both opportunities and challenges. This user-friendly handbook helps counselor educators develop skills to teach students who are participating in distance learning classes. The purpose of this book is to help counselor educators and other faculty…

  13. A Review of Two Distance Learning Books [book review].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koszalka, Tiffany A.; Spector, J. Michael

    2003-01-01

    Reviews two books that are representative of the substantive books aimed at those who wish to design effective distance learning. Together these books provide a reasonably complete perspective on how to design effective distance learning. They have many strengths, and few weaknesses. (SLD)

  14. The Effects of Distance Education Technology on Teaching and Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coutts, Julia

    This report is a summary of a Master's thesis, entitled "Distance Education Technology and the Teaching-Learning Process in a Rural High School: A Case Study." The study explores the use of distance education technology in a small rural high school. More specifically, the study focuses on two issues: (1) students' approach to learning and their…

  15. Quality Assessment Dimensions of Distance Teaching/Learning Curriculum Designing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Volungeviciene, Airina; Tereseviciene, Margarita

    2008-01-01

    The paper presents scientific literature analysis in the area of distance teaching/learning curriculum designing and quality assessment. The aim of the paper is to identify quality assessment dimensions of distance teaching/learning curriculum designing. The authors of the paper agree that quality assessment should be considered during the…

  16. Designing, Developing and Implementing WWW-Based Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riley, Peter C.

    The rapid advancement of communication technologies is resulting in a wide array of design and development choices for distance learning projects. The 58th Special Operations Wing at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico, is developing a prototype distance learning project designed to serve geographically separated learner populations. Project staff…

  17. Distance Learning and Jihad: The Dark Side of the Force

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Rodger; Mooney, Mara

    2014-01-01

    The ability to reach a variety of audiences in diverse environments has made distance learning a major form of education and training in the 21st century. Though traditionally encountered in the educational and business communities, distance learning has proven an important resource for a variety of other constituencies. Terrorist groups have…

  18. New-to-College "Academic Transformation" Distance Learning: A Paradox

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goomas, David T.; Clayton, Alexis

    2013-01-01

    At an urban Dallas community college, first-time-in-college (FTIC) distance learning students enrolled in a three-credit academic transformation class were compared with FTIC students enrolled in the same course in on-campus classes. The distance-learning students were more at risk as measured by final semester grades and retention compared to…

  19. Continuing engineering education through distance learning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baukal, C. E.

    2010-05-01

    The demand for distance continuing engineering education (CEE) is growing. This article describes the following with regard to CEE: the purpose; its importance, trends and unique challenges. Distance education can meet some of these challenges. Benefits and challenges of distance CEE are discussed along with the different types of distance CEE providers including universities, professional and trade organisations, corporate universities, for-profit education providers and government. Some recommendations are given for distance CEE. The specific focus here is on non-degree courses that are generally highly practical and focused.

  20. Distributed Open and Distance Learning: How Does E-Learning Fit? LSDA Reports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fletcher, Mick

    The distinctions between types of open and distance learning broadly equate to the concept of learning at a time, place, and pace that best suits the learner. Distance learning refers to geography, whereas open learning refers to time. Flexible learning is a generic term referring either to geography or time. Combining these distinctions allows…

  1. Preparing Students for a Distance Learning Environment: A Comparison of Learning Strategies of In-Class and Distance Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sizoo, Steve; Malhotra, Naveen K.; Bearson, Joseph M.

    2003-01-01

    By 2010, college enrollments are expected to increase by one-third, yet this growth happens at a time when colleges and universities are faced with limited or reduced funding [1]. The result is a demand for cost-effective methods of instruction like distance learning [2]. But to be successful in a distance learning environment, students must not…

  2. Learning at a Distance through Mobile Devices: A Global Choice of Learners in the Open and Distance Learning (ODL) System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sethy, Satya

    2011-01-01

    In the techno-driven world, mobile learning is an indispensable element of teaching-learning activities. It helps distance learners in many ways by providing their required facilities. The paper discusses about these facilities in an eclectic and summary manner. Thus, by implication, it is popularized among distance learners across the globe.…

  3. Perspectives on Group Work in Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hausstatter, Rune Sarromaa; Nordkvelle, Yngve Troye

    2007-01-01

    Current distance education benefits greatly from educational software that makes group work possible for students who are separated in time and space. However, some students prefer distance education because they can work on their own. This paper explores how students react to expectations on behalf of the course provider to do their assignments…

  4. Reducing the distance: equity issues in distance learning in public education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Campbell, Patricia B.; Storo, Jennifer

    1996-12-01

    Distance learning and educational equity both began with an emphasis on access, on providing underserved students with an increased access to education. Today definitions of equity have gone beyond simple access to include equal or equivalent treatment and outcomes while definitions of underserved students have expanded to include girls, children of color, children with limited English proficiency and children with disabilities. At the same time the definition of distance learning has expanded to include new technologies, new audiences and new roles. Based on these new definitions and roles, the article raises a number of equity challenges for distance learning educators centering around who is taught, what is taught and how the teaching is done. To answer these challenges, a series of recommendations are suggested that educators can implement to make distance learning a leader in increasing educational equity for all students. The time to act is now.

  5. The Effectiveness of Distance Learning Initiatives in Organizations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burgess, Jennifer R. D.; Russell, Joyce E. A.

    2003-01-01

    A literature review examined the effectiveness of electronic learning in business and academic settings, finding positive anecdotal reports about trainee reactions, learning outcomes, and organizational results, but limited empirical evidence. More research on distance learning's effect on job and career development is needed. (Contains 47…

  6. The Use of Technology for Second Language Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blake, Robert J.

    2009-01-01

    This article describes distance learning (DL) for languages within the context of recent advances and research findings in computer-assisted language learning (CALL). In addition to reviewing the different DL modalities, theoretical underpinnings, and the most appropriate technological applications to second language learning, the issues of…

  7. E-Learning--Long-Distance and Lifelong Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pontes, Elvis, Ed.; Silva, Anderson, Ed.; Guelfi, Adilson, Ed.; Kofuji, Sergio Takeo, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Chapters in this book include: (1) Adaptive Model for E-Learning in Secondary School (Todorka Glushkova); (2) Electronic- and Mobile-Learning in Electronics Courses Focused on FPGA (Giovanni Vito Persiano and Sergio Rapuano); (3) Promoting E-Learning in Distance Education Programs in an African Country (Kenneth Addah, Desmond Kpebu and Olivia A.…

  8. Questions of Culture in Distance Learning: A Research Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uzuner, Sedef

    2009-01-01

    This paper reviews past research that focused on questions of culture in distance learning. Of specific interest are the studies that examined the influence of culture on students' learning and engagement in asynchronous learning networks (ALNs). The purpose of this review is three-fold: to present the state of knowledge concerning the questions…

  9. The Effect of Professor's Attractiveness on Distance Learning Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Jeanny; Tomasi, Stella D.

    2015-01-01

    Technology enabled learning is becoming more popular and pervasive in education. While the effectiveness of distance learning versus traditional classroom education is strongly debated, human factors such as students' perception of their professors can influence their desire to learn. This research examines the perceptual effect of attractive…

  10. Higher Education through Open and Distance Learning. World Review of Distance Education and Open Learning, Volume 1. A Commonwealth of Learning Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harry, Keith, Ed.

    This book reports on the expansion of open and distance learning during the past decade, examining ways in which open and distance learning for higher education has responded to the needs of the new society, and summarizing the lessons of recent practice for policymakers and educators. After an introductory chapter, "Open and Distance Learning for…

  11. Going the Distance: Are There Common Factors in High Performance Distance Learning? Research Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawksley, Rosemary; Owen, Jane

    Common factors among high-performing distance learning (DL) programs were examined through case studies at 9 further education colleges and 2 nonsector organizations in the United Kingdom and a backup survey of a sample of 50 distance learners at 5 of the colleges. The study methodology incorporated numerous principles of process benchmarking. The…

  12. Technology Closes the Distance: Global Solutions Show the Variety, Equity, and Accessibility of Distance Learning Options

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Mary

    2013-01-01

    The number of U.S. teachers participating in some form of distance education is on the rise, yet compared to many nations, distance-based professional learning is fairly new in the U.S. What are common elements of effective global distance education for teachers, and what lessons do they hold for those who design similar programs in the U.S.? Over…

  13. FAQS. III: Groupwork in Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Felder, Richard M.; Brent, Rebecca

    2001-01-01

    Offers ideas for getting students at remote sites to collaborate when attending lectures in a synchronous course, working through lessons in an asynchronous course, and doing homework in either distance mode. (ASK)

  14. Innovation in Open & Distance Learning: Successful Development of Online and Web-Based Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lockwood, Fred, Ed.; Gooley, Anne, Ed.

    This book contains 19 papers examining innovation in open and distance learning through development of online and World Wide Web-based learning. The following papers are included: "Innovation in Distributed Learning: Creating the Environment" (Fred Lockwood); "Innovation in Open and Distance Learning: Some Lessons from Experience and Research"…

  15. Rethinking Lifelong Learning through Online Distance Learning in Chinese Educational Policies, Practices and Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Min

    2008-01-01

    This paper offers a critique of the Chinese philosophy of online distance learning as a means of building a lifelong learning society. Literature about lifelong learning and its implications for online distance learning is reviewed. Documents, reports and research papers are examined to explore the characteristics of the Chinese philosophy of…

  16. The effects of Internet-based distance learning in nursing.

    PubMed

    Soon, K H; Sook, K I; Jung, C W; Im, K M

    2000-01-01

    Distance learning has been the turning point for accomplishing adult learning in nursing education. This article describes the development and structure of a distance-learning course used to deliver distance learning to the RN-BSN students at Yonsei University, College of Nursing. The distance-learning course was developed cooperatively by content experts, instructional designers, programmers, and graphic designers. The course content, "Growth and Development", was a computerized instructional course delivered using the Internet. The programming system was developed on the Web Server and Oracle DB through the Internet. The characteristics of adult learners--graduates with 3-year RN diplomas and working full-time--were considered during development of the course. For a semester, the students studied the growth and development of a person from infancy to adolescence through interactions with peers and instructors using alternative menus on the Internet. The course was evaluated from feedback of 60 RN-BSN students on their satisfaction with this distance-learning course in regard to instructional design, the arrangement and structure of instruction, and the function and feasibility of the courseware. When the self-reported questionnaire with 25 open questions was evaluated, students' general responses were relatively positive. Insufficient feedback from the professor, excessive time and difficulties experienced when connecting to the Internet, and the lack of information about related websites were primary negative responses. For an effective use of the distance-learning system, improvements to the telecommunications network service are crucial. School authorities should support the professors who are interested in developing distance-learning courses so that the courses can be developed with technical perspectives. More distance-learning courses applying interactive multimedia instructional design through the Internet should be developed with the improved network

  17. Study Orchestrations in Distance Learning: Identifying Dissonance and Its Implications for Distance Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Bill; Lee, Scott W. F.; Simpson, Mary G.; Stein, Sarah J.

    2011-01-01

    The exploration of study orchestrations emphasises students' active participation in learning, describing the ways in which they marshal the resources available to them in response to their learning environment. This study reports the identification of study orchestrations in a group of distance students and identifies the existence of dissonant…

  18. A Second Life for Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hargis, Jace

    2008-01-01

    Many professionals in instructional education have experienced a relatively new potential virtual learning environment, called Second Life (SL). This article will connect the virtual world to the essential next step in our learning and communicating approach, electracy. Initially, humans utilized an oral mode to communicate, followed by literacy…

  19. Multimedia and the Future of Distance Learning Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnard, John

    1992-01-01

    Describes recent innovations in distance learning technology, including the use of video technology; personal computers, including computer conferencing, computer-mediated communication, and workstations; multimedia, including hypermedia; Integrated Services Digital Networks (ISDN); and fiber optics. Research implications for multimedia and…

  20. Predictors of Learning Satisfaction in Japanese Online Distance Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bray, Eric; Aoki, Kumiko; Dlugosh, Larry

    2008-01-01

    Japanese distance education has been slow to utilize the Internet, and mainly depends on the mail system and, to a lesser extent, television broadcasting as its mode of delivery. Since 2001, however, regulations have been relaxed to allow students to complete all course requirements for a university degree via online distance learning. This…

  1. Toward Development of Distance Learning Environment in the Grid

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Kuan-Ching; Tsai, Yin-Te; Tsai, Chuan-Ko

    2008-01-01

    In recent years, with the rapid development of communication and network technologies, distance learning has been popularized and it became one of the most well-known teaching methods, due to its practicability. Over the Internet, learners are free to access new knowledge without restrictions on time or location. However, current distance learning…

  2. Future Learning: Distance Education in Community Colleges. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parrott, Sarah

    The use of distance learning programs at the postsecondary level is expected to grow throughout the 1990s, with much of the growth taking place in community colleges. As of 1994, 80% of community colleges offered some form of distance education (DE) programs. A 1992 national survey of DE practices reported that broadcast television was the most…

  3. Software Agents to Assist in Distance Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choy, Sheung-On; Ng, Sin-Chun; Tsang, Yiu-Chung

    2005-01-01

    The Open University of Hong Kong (OUHK) is a distance education university with about 22,500 students. In fulfilling its mission, the university has adopted various Web-based and electronic means to support distance learning. For instance, OUHK uses a Web-based course management system (CMS) to provide students with a flexible way to obtain course…

  4. Distance Education for Collaborative Teaching and Learning in Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heinecke, Walter F.; Blasi, Laura Noelle

    2001-01-01

    Examines the development and implementation of distance education courses as a mechanism to promote collaborative teaching and learning. Data collected over a two-semester period focused on describing experiences of faculty and students involved in development/implementation of five collaborative, interactive distance education courses across…

  5. Demanding Need of Growing Technologies in Distance Learning System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hafeez, Amtul; Ahmed, Aiijaz; Zubia, Noreen

    2014-01-01

    In distance education system use of different media enable the learners to start the course of study independently. The appearance of the internet and the expansion of web have now changed distance learning from a broadcasting way to an interactive way, and allowed connecting the learners and instructors who are geographically divided.…

  6. Research on Learners and Learning in Distance Education: A Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cookson, Peter S.

    1989-01-01

    Presents findings of a preliminary review of research literature on learners and learning in distance education. Comparative analyses of distance education methods and research on student outcomes are highlighted, including students' reasons for dropout or persistence, student profiles, and the impact of institutional interventions on student…

  7. Stories from Students in Their First Semester of Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Mark; Hughes, Helen; Keppell, Mike; Hard, Natasha; Smith, Liz

    2015-01-01

    Online and distance learning is becoming increasingly common. Some would say it has quickly become the preferred or "new normal" mode of study throughout the world. However, surprisingly little is known about what actually happens to first year distance students once they have enrolled in tertiary institutions; what motivates them and…

  8. Mobile Learning in Distance Education: Utility or Futility?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koole, Marguerite; McQuilkin, Janice Letkeman; Ally, Mohamed

    2010-01-01

    Can mobile technology improve flexibility and quality of interaction for graduate students in distance programs? This paper reports the results of an innovative study exploring the usability, learning, and social interaction of mobile access to online course materials at a Canadian distance education university. Through a system called MobiGlam,…

  9. Evaluation of Educational Television Programs for Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akhter, Nasreen

    2011-01-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of educational television programs in distance learning system. Using the procedure of survey method, this study finds out the worth of educational television programs. Its results are based on the responses of the learners of distance teaching system. The views of students were collected by…

  10. MHEG Based Distance Learning System on Information Superhighway.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, SeiHoon; Yoon, KyungSeob; Wang, ChangJong

    As the need for distance education grows, requirements for the development of high-speed network-based real-time distance learning systems increases. MHEG-5 is the fifth part of the MHEG (Multimedia and Hypermedia information coding Experts Group) standard, and it defines a final-form representation for application interchange. This paper…

  11. The Marketing Intensifies in Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blumenstyk, Goldie

    1999-01-01

    Colleges competing to offer distance education are using aggressive marketing tactics to gain visibility. Some observers wonder whether educational interests or marketing agencies are driving the trend. The agencies offer varied services, including course creation, course conversion to electronic format, faculty training for online teaching,…

  12. Interactive Distance Learning Technology and Connectedness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Devlin, Brian; Feraud, Peter; Anderson, Alan

    2008-01-01

    This three-part paper discusses how the contemporary use of computers in distance education is helping to connect students from our rural communities, whether they are located at pastoral stations, remote community schools or are on the road, travelling with parents or carers. The paper is in a sense organised like a sandwich, with technical…

  13. Germany: Closing In on Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meissner, Gerd

    1999-01-01

    Describes problems with the use of technology in German universities and discusses ways to improve the current situation. Topics include a lack of government funding and leadership, distance education possibilities, available hardware and Internet connections, the need for curriculum development, and introducing English as the working language.…

  14. Collaborative Learning amongst Distance Learners of Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Philip, Kurien; Mitra, Sugata

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes the effects of collaborative support on groups of distance learners of General Certificate of Secondary Education mathematics. Two experiments are described. In each case, learners were provided with teleconferencing with peers, experts and mentors in addition to structured study materials. No improvements were noticed in…

  15. Measuring Distance Learning Performance with Data Envelopment Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xiaoming, Yang; Shieh, Chich-Jen; Wu, Wu-Chung

    2014-01-01

    In the modern society with changeable information technology learning and applications, students could acquire information application knowledge, which is not worse than those taught by teachers in classrooms, through the Internet, distance conference, and e-learning. Traditional instruction therefore is facing great challenges. When measuring the…

  16. Distance Learning in Psychology: Organizing, Managing, and Mentoring.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oswald, Patricia A.

    To help meet the needs of adult students who find it difficult to attend classes regularly on campus, New York's Iona College developed video distance learning courses in psychology that combine independent reading, guided study, video program viewing, and faculty mentoring to provide a challenging learning experience for students. Video courses…

  17. Predicting Student Satisfaction in Distance Education and Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sahin, Ismail

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze characteristics of online learning environments. Data collected using the Distance Education Learning Environments Survey (DELES) were used to explore the relationship between student satisfaction and the following predictor variables: instructor support, student interaction and collaboration, personal…

  18. Experimental Evaluation of an Instructional Supporting Tool in Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karoulis, Athanasis; Stamelos, Ioannis; Angelis, Lefteris

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes a controlled experiment concerning the use of a learning aid during an open and distance learning (ODL) course. The core issue of investigation is whether this instructional aid can support, guide, and scaffold the distant student in his/her study. For this purpose, a controlled experiment was conducted with the participation…

  19. Delivery of Open, Distance, and E-Learning in Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nyerere, Jackline Anyona; Gravenir, Frederick Q.; Mse, Godfrey S.

    2012-01-01

    The increased demand and need for continuous learning have led to the introduction of open, distance, and e-learning (ODeL) in Kenya. Provision of this mode of education has, however, been faced with various challenges, among them infrastructural ones. This study was a survey conducted in two public universities offering major components of ODeL,…

  20. Fostering Autonomy in EFL Cross-Cultural Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Hikyoung

    2008-01-01

    The Korea Waseda Cross Cultural Distance Learning Project (KWCCDLP) is an endeavor to promote awareness of linguistic and cultural differences of speakers from different backgrounds through the medium of English. The project fully utilizes a student centered approach to learning where learners are the agents. This project aimed at university level…

  1. Cyber Asynchronous versus Blended Cyber Approach in Distance English Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ge, Zi-Gang

    2012-01-01

    This study aims to compare the single cyber asynchronous learning approach with the blended cyber learning approach in distance English education. Two classes of 70 students participated in this study, which lasted one semester of about four months, with one class using the blended approach for their English study and the other only using the…

  2. Preparing International Counselor Educators through Online Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sells, James; Tan, Augustine; Brogan, Justin; Dahlen, Ulla; Stupart, Yvette

    2012-01-01

    Online learning has emerged as a significant teaching medium, influencing how higher education is conducted in the U.S. and globally. While widely accepted in select disciplines, distance learning as the method for counselor preparation is often met with skepticism or resistance in the counseling profession. The purpose of this paper is to argue…

  3. Analysis of Instruction for Critical Thinking in Distance Learning Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noordink, Peter J.; Naidu, Som

    1994-01-01

    Discusses procedures for the analysis of instructional strategies incorporated into distance learning materials, especially with regard to the development of higher order cognitive ability (i.e., critical thinking). Three approaches to task analysis are examined, including the learning hierarchy model, the concept hierarchy, and the information…

  4. Exploring Organizational and Cultural Barriers to Developing Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nadelman, Cindi A.

    2014-01-01

    Distance learning programs are being developed at many institutions of higher learning as a means of maintaining a competitive advantage. The problem is that college administrators have no reliable methods for predicting the likelihood of success or failure of these newly launched programs. There is a lack of information regarding attitudes and…

  5. How Are Television Networks Involved in Distance Learning?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bucher, Katherine

    1996-01-01

    Reviews the involvement of various television networks in distance learning, including public broadcasting stations, Cable in the Classroom, Arts and Entertainment Network, Black Entertainment Television, C-SPAN, CNN (Cable News Network), The Discovery Channel, The Learning Channel, Mind Extension University, The Weather Channel, National Teacher…

  6. Constructing a Cooperative Distance Learning System: The CORAL Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chou, Chien; Sun, Chuen-Tsai

    1996-01-01

    Describes the development of the Cooperative Remotely Accessible Learning (CORAL) system on the Internet at National Chiao Tung University (Taiwan) that promotes cooperative constructive distance learning and provides the first comprehensive and networked courseware written in Chinese. Results of formative evaluation are described and future…

  7. Distance Learning. Leonardo da Vinci Series: Good Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium). Directorate-General for Education and Culture.

    This brochure, part of a series about good practices in vocational training in the European Union, describes 12 projects that use distance learning to promote lifelong learning in adults. The projects and their countries of origin are as follows: (1) 3D Project, training in the use of IT tools for 3D simulation and animation and practical…

  8. Facebook Mediated Interaction and Learning in Distance Learning at Makerere University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayende, Godfrey; Muyinda, Paul Birevu; Isabwe, Ghislain Maurice Norbert; Walimbwa, Michael; Siminyu, Samuel Ndeda

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on an investigation of the use of Facebook as a tool to mediate learning amongst distance learners at Makerere University, a dual-mode institution offering both conventional and distance learning programs. While conventional courses take 17 weeks in a semester, the distance learners come in for two residential sessions, each…

  9. Accrediting Prior Learning at a Distance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butterworth, Christine; Edwards, Richard

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the Assessment of Prior Learning (APL) and describes a pilot project at the Open University (United Kingdom) that introduced credit for APL in one course. Steps in the assessment process are outlined, including constructing a student portfolio; and workload, staff development, and costs are considered. (LRW)

  10. Education and distance learning: changing the trends.

    PubMed

    Merrell, Ronald C

    2004-01-01

    Training and instruction are activities deeply ingrained in human relations and derive from the critical need for the young to learn survival skills. The responsibility in primitive society for such training almost certainly fell to parents who continued their pedagogical role after childhood issues to include hunting, gathering, fine motor activities and other life skills needed for personal or family survival. Such instruction only ended when the young were ready for independent life and- contribution to tribal well-being. Delegation of teaching to others was inevitable. Teaching has become a specialty and has at least one interesting story in ancient literature. Ulysses was certain to be away at the Trojan War and subsequent adventures for many years. He would not be able to provide his son, Telemachus, with the guidance and training to prepare him for adulthood. Therefore, he asked Mentor to act In Loco Parentis and instruct the young man toward competence and adult success. Teaching as a profession and discipline has been through many stages and many controversies. Socrates was a great teacher with a distinct technique for learning by questioning. His influence on his students was profound. Plato was such a good student he recorded all the master's works. Socrates has never been credited with even the briefest lecture note. As great as he was Socrates was forced to drink the bitter hemlock because his teaching was considered a corruption of youth rather than a proper preparation for effective adulthood. Dissonance between the expectations of learners, parents and teachers has a rich history. Certainly even now education is not something the professoriate may invent for the naïve learner and then expect grateful acquiesce with faithful learning. Learning has -dimensions in human psychology and communication. The learners' autonomy, privacy and motivation cannot be denied. Learning is collaboration with teacher and the endpoint is the acquisition of new

  11. Manifold learning-based subspace distance for machinery damage assessment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Chuang; Zhang, Zhousuo; He, Zhengjia; Shen, Zhongjie; Chen, Binqiang

    2016-03-01

    Damage assessment is very meaningful to keep safety and reliability of machinery components, and vibration analysis is an effective way to carry out the damage assessment. In this paper, a damage index is designed by performing manifold distance analysis on vibration signal. To calculate the index, vibration signal is collected firstly, and feature extraction is carried out to obtain statistical features that can capture signal characteristics comprehensively. Then, manifold learning algorithm is utilized to decompose feature matrix to be a subspace, that is, manifold subspace. The manifold learning algorithm seeks to keep local relationship of the feature matrix, which is more meaningful for damage assessment. Finally, Grassmann distance between manifold subspaces is defined as a damage index. The Grassmann distance reflecting manifold structure is a suitable metric to measure distance between subspaces in the manifold. The defined damage index is applied to damage assessment of a rotor and the bearing, and the result validates its effectiveness for damage assessment of machinery component.

  12. Planning and Developing Open and Distance Learning : A Quality Assurance Approach. Radiological Studies in Distance Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melton, Reginald F.

    This book presents a blueprint for using a quality assurance-based approach to planning and developing open and distance learning (ODL) courses in the United Kingdom. The following are among the specific topics discussed: (1) typical aims of ODL (opening access to education; responding to student needs; designing self-study materials; student…

  13. Otto Peters on Distance Education: The Industrialization of Teaching and Learning. Routledge Studies in Distance Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keegan, Desmond, Ed.

    This book contains new and previously published translations of 11 essays and articles about the industrialization of teaching and learning in distance education that were originally published in German by Otto Peters between 1965 and 1993. A "Preface" (Desmond Keegan) and an introduction placing Peters' writings in their historical context begin…

  14. A distance learning model in a physical therapy curriculum.

    PubMed

    English, T; Harrison, A L; Hart, A L

    1998-01-01

    In response to the rural health initiative established in 1991, the University of Kentucky has developed an innovative distance learning program of physical therapy instruction that combines classroom lecture and discussion via compressed video technology with laboratory experiences. The authors describe the process of planning, implementing, and evaluating a specific distance learning course in pathomechanics for the professional-level master's-degree physical therapy students at the University of Kentucky. This presentation may serve as a model for teaching distance learning. Descriptions of optimal approaches to preclass preparation, scheduling, course delivery, use of audiovisual aids, use of handout material, and video production are given. Special activities that may enhance or deter the achievement of the learning objectives are outlined, and a problem-solving approach to common problems encountered is presented. An approach to evaluating and comparing course outcomes for the distance learnere is presented. For this particular course, there was no statistically significant difference in the outcome measures utilized to compare the distance learners with the on-site learners. PMID:9879030

  15. Guidelines for the Design and Development of Computer-Mediated Collaborative Open Distance Learning Courseware.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Makrakis, Vasilios

    This paper presents a set of guidelines for the design of computer-supported distance multimedia that enables collaborative distance learning. The first section provides an overview of distance learning and discusses teacher and student roles in a collaborative distance learning environment. Conditions for effective collaborative learning are…

  16. Learning Network Design: A Methodology for the Construction of Co-operative Distance Learning Environments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Dick

    Learning Network Design (LND) is a socially oriented methodology for construction of cooperative distance learning environments. The paper advances a social constructivist approach to learning in which learning and teaching are seen as a process of active communication, interpretation, and negotiation; offers a view of information technology as a…

  17. A Begrudging, Recalcitrant Academic Observes What She's Learning: Distance Learning in Leadership Formation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hess, Lisa M.

    2014-01-01

    Neither advocacy nor condemnation of distance learning, this essay offers observations and critical reflection on four years' longitudinal engagement with distance learning pedagogies for formation in higher theological education. Instead, readers are invited to curiosity, communal-institutional discernment, and intense ambivalence.…

  18. Learning Strategies for Coping with Computer Technology in a Distance Learning Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saunders, Nancy G.

    This descriptive study examined the meaning of student responses to computer-mediated communication in a distance learning setting. The theoretical framework of the study was based on social and collaborative learning theories within a constructivist perspective. Participants were 13 studio and 24 off-site students enrolled in a distance learning…

  19. e-Learning, Online Learning, and Distance Learning Environments: Are They the Same?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Joi L.; Dickson-Deane, Camille; Galyen, Krista

    2011-01-01

    It is not uncommon that researchers face difficulties when performing meaningful cross-study comparisons for research. Research associated with the distance learning realm can be even more difficult to use as there are different environments with a variety of characteristics. We implemented a mixed-method analysis of research articles to find out…

  20. Assessment in Open and Distance Learning System (ODL): A Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaudhary, S. V. S.; Dey, Niradhar

    2013-01-01

    Assessment is an integral part of the learning process. The traditional practice of assessment has changed to meet the need of the contemporary society. In this paper assessment strategies used in Open and Distance Education are discussed and constructive suggestions are given to meet the challenges of assessment. Recently we experience a paradigm…

  1. The Management of Testing in Distance Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schultz, Marian C.; Schultz, James T.; Gallogly, James

    2007-01-01

    In 2004 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University transitioned from proctored examinations for distance learning courses to online examinations that are not proctored. The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a significant difference in the midterm and final examination grades between proctored and non-proctored online examinations. Three…

  2. Distance Learning for GED[R] Students in Rural Pennsylvania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prins, Esther; Drayton, Brendaly; Gungor, Ramazan; Kassab, Cathy

    2012-01-01

    Although many adult basic education programs offer distance learning (DL) for GED (General Educational Development) and English as a Second Language learners, this topic has received little scholarly attention. This article examines the availability, usage, and effectiveness of DL for rural GED candidates in Pennsylvania; students' demographic and…

  3. GED Preparation through Distance Learning in Rural Pennsylvania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prins, Esther; Drayton, Brendaly; Gungor, Ramazan; Kassab, Cathy

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the types, use, and effectiveness of distance learning (DL) for General Education Development (GED) candidates in rural Pennsylvania. The research goal was to provide information for enhancing DL GED study options. Specifically, the study, which was conducted in 2009-2010, sought to: identify the types and use of GED…

  4. Introverts, Extroverts, and Achievement in a Distance Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Offir, Baruch; Bezalel, Rachel; Barth, Ingrid

    2007-01-01

    Although difficulties that characterize distance learning (DL) clearly have differential effects on different learners, links between barrier research and individual differences remain relatively unexplored. This study examined the relationship between cognitive style, based on Jung's (1971) theory, and achievement levels among 77 university…

  5. Electronic Office Hours: A Component of Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, F. Layne; Wallace, Susan R.

    2001-01-01

    Describes a technique to blend distance learning with traditional educational methods using electronic office hours to connect teachers and students outside the classroom. Explains the use of various existing computer mediated communication tools and techniques, including email, Usenet newsgroups, text-based conferences, video-based conferences,…

  6. Learning to Live Together: Using Distance Education for Community Peacebuilding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baksh, Rawwida, Ed.; Munro, Tanyss, Ed.

    2009-01-01

    This book includes a range of community peacebuilding experiences from across the Commonwealth that have been applying open and distance learning (ODL) approaches. The case studies offer insights into the challenges as well as the kinds of interventions that have worked and how they can be built upon. They show that ODL can be an effective and…

  7. Mobile Distance Learning with Smartphones and Apps in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vázquez-Cano, Esteban

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, the results of researcher' ongoing activities regarding the use of smartphones and a specific subject-app used at the Spanish National University of Distance Education (UNED) have been reported. The purpose of this trial is to assess the app's didactic use and potential to enhance student learning in university subjects in…

  8. Institutional Continuity and Distance Learning: A Symbiotic Relationship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Rodger

    2013-01-01

    Universities and colleges have been developing institutional continuity plans to protect their ability to function within an environment of increasing uncertainties caused by natural and man-made disasters and events. Within the academic context, distance learning strategies have emerged as critical components for program continuity. This research…

  9. Sustaining Two-Way Interaction and Communication in Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnes, Felicie; Lowery, Bennie

    1998-01-01

    Discussion of the need for interaction in distance learning focuses on the use of response systems, an interactive network that uses phone lines and modems to facilitate communication. Experiences using a One Touch system at Grambling State University are described. (LRW)

  10. Distance Learning: A Study of Computer Modem Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richards, Irving; And Others

    Since distance learning via computer/modem is a relatively new concept, little is known about the students in computer/modem classes. This paper investigated computer/modem college students' backgrounds, ages, interests, reasons for enrollment, grades, and course completion rates as compared to traditional students. In the study there were 167…

  11. Integrating Learning Communities and Distance Education: Possibility or Pipedream?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiRamio, David; Wolverton, Mimi

    2006-01-01

    As demands for accountability continue and increase, higher education administrators require tools for evaluating campus programs. Learning communities, as a course design strategy, have proven successful in confronting challenges associated with attrition and retention. Because high attrition is associated with online distance education,…

  12. Distance Learning in Joint Public Affairs and Visual Information Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, Edith E.; Jeffries, Dianne

    An initiative was undertaken to introduce technology-enabled and distance learning to the Defense Information School (DINFOS), Ft. Meade, Maryland. The effort to introduce instructional technology reflected the need to find a creative solution to Armed Forces requests for increased student quotas, reduced pool of military instructors, and an…

  13. Distance Learning: One School's Experience on the Information Highway.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Virginia; Litle, James; Coleman, Mary Ruth; Gallagher, James

    1998-01-01

    Describes experiences developing a distance learning via television program at the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics. It focuses on the importance of instructor and facilitator training, student selection, physical arrangements for the studio/classroom, and an evaluation plan. (DB)

  14. Pedagogy and Japanese Culture in a Distance Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Bodi O.

    2012-01-01

    Current theoretical models of distance learning are driven by two impetuses: a technical CMC element, and a pedagogical foundation rooted strongly in the Western world, and driven by social constructivism. By and large these models have been exported throughout the world as-is. However, previous research has hinted at potential problems with these…

  15. Distance Learning: An Academic Leader's Perspective on a Disruptive Product.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, Lloyd

    2000-01-01

    Defines Internet Mediated Distance Learning (IMDL), describing it as a sustaining educational force; considering ways in which it can act as a disruptive technology (especially to today's markets and market shares); examining how aspects of IMDL may change campus programs and governance and affect brand value; and noting the role of for-profits in…

  16. Can Distance Learning Be Used to Teach Automotive Management Skills?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noto, Teresa L.

    2011-01-01

    Today's automotive college students will shape the future of the automobile industry. The success of college-level automotive programs has long been dependent on the students' ability to participate in hands-on classroom based interactions. In this article, distance learning and how it can be used to teach automotive management skills, as well as…

  17. The Role Distance Learning Has to Play in Offender Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seelig, Caroline; Rate, Leanne

    2014-01-01

    This article looks into the uses of digital and online tools in distance learning to improve literacy and numeracy of offenders in New Zealand prisons. Looking at the benefits and restrictions of digital education within the prison environment, this article discusses the solutions that Open Polytechnic, in partnership with the the New Zealand…

  18. An Instructional Media Selection Guide for Distance Learning. Fourth Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holden, Jolly T.; Westfall, Philip J.-L.

    2007-01-01

    Increasingly, educators and trainers are challenged within their respective organizations to provide for the efficient distribution of instructional content using instructional media. The appropriate selection of instructional media to support distance learning is not intuitive and does not occur as a matter of personal preference. On the…

  19. Online Distance Learning and Music Training: Benefits, Drawbacks and Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koutsoupidou, Theano

    2014-01-01

    This study examines online distance learning (ODL) as applied in music and music education programmes at different educational levels with a special focus on the digital tools employed in such programmes. It aims to provide an up-to-date snapshot of the current online courses focusing on the potential benefits and drawbacks of ODL from the…

  20. Regulatory Enhancements, Infrastructure Modernization, and Connecticut's Interactive, Distance Learning Network.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pietras, Jesse John

    This paper presents an overview of the regulatory, technological, and economic status of interactive distance learning in Connecticut as it relates to the current and future provisioning of services by the telecommunications and cable television industries. The review is predicated upon the following questions: (1) What obligations should the…

  1. Servant Leadership through Distance Learning: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Eric James

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative study explored the influence a distance learning servant leadership course had on the emergency service students' understanding of leadership. The research study utilized a case study design in order to tell the story of the lived experiences of the participants. The setting for the study was a state university in Utah, with…

  2. Assuring Quality in Asian Open and Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jung, Insung; Latchem, Colin

    2007-01-01

    Open and distance learning (ODL) is enjoying phenomenal growth in Asian higher education, new forms of provision are being developed, new institutions are being established and there is a surge in online export and import. However, there is still need to ensure that increasing access does not result in lowering standards and to prove that ODL is…

  3. Attitudes toward Online Communications in Open and Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erdem Aydin, Irem

    2012-01-01

    This article intended to reveal the results of a survey study in which the students' attitudes toward online communication in open and distance learning were investigated. In the study, affects of the students' gender and computer experience on their attitudes were also examined. A total of 626 subjects participated in the study and "Online…

  4. The Costs and Economies of Open and Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rumble, Greville

    This book is designed to give planners of open and distance learning programs the technical information needed to determine the cost of programs and analyze the behavior of costs. The following are among the topics discussed: budgets; classification of resources (human resources, premises and accommodation, and equipment and furniture); a basic…

  5. Reaching an ITopia in Distance Learning--A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kwan, Reggie; Chan, Jimmy; Lui, Andrew

    2004-01-01

    Formerly known as the AB Learning Institute, the University of ABC (ABCU), was established by the ABC Government in 1989. ABCU offers courses leading to numerous academic qualifications through the distance education mode using mainly print based materials that are supplemented by audio, video, computer assisted elements, and increasingly, the…

  6. 77 FR 27015 - Distance Learning and Telemedicine Grant Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-08

    ...The Rural Utilities Service (RUS) is providing notice of Fiscal Year 2012 awards for its Distance Learning and Telemedicine (DLT) Grant Program. For Fiscal Year 2012, $15 million in grants will be awarded to the top scoring applications in rank order for the national competition announced in the Federal Register on February 24, 2011 (Vol. 76, No. 37). Therefore, applications for DLT grant......

  7. Pedagogy vs. Competition in Higher Education Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lloyd, Ashley D.

    2000-01-01

    Explores infrastructure developments in United Kingdom higher education that increase bandwidth to improve the flexibility and quality of education. Discusses distance education; competition; learning environment architecture; technology's impact; metropolitan area networks; wide area networks; asynchronous transfer mode; the socio-economic…

  8. Distance Learning Using Digital Fiber Optics: Applications, Technologies, and Benefits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Currer, Joanne M.

    Distance learning provides special or advanced classes in rural schools where declining population has led to decreased funding and fewer classes. With full-motion video using digital fiber, two or more sites are connected into a two-way, full-motion, video conference. The teacher can see and hear the students, and the students can see and hear…

  9. A Multi-Agent System Approach for Distance Learning Architecture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turgay, Safiye

    2005-01-01

    The goal of this study is to suggest the agent systems by intelligence and adaptability properties in distance learning environment. The suggested system has flexible, agile, intelligence and cooperation features. System components are teachers, students (learners), and resources. Inter component relations are modeled and reviewed by using the…

  10. A Developmental Model for Distance Learning Using the Internet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Passerini, Katia; Granger, Mary J.

    2000-01-01

    Reviews the historical transitions leading to a fourth generation of distance education, including a paradigm shift with the use of the Internet; presents instructional design models; and develops a hybrid model that integrates constructivist and objectivist approaches and takes into account both learning and design principles. (Author/LRW)

  11. A Sampling of Distance Learning Compensation Practices 1998-99.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craig, Ford M.

    In order to facilitate the collective bargaining process for distance learning compensation at Mid-Plains Community College Area in Nebraska (MPCCA), a phone survey was conducted in 1998. All in-state, public 2-year community colleges were contacted regarding their compensation practices in this area. In addition, a sampling of public 2-year…

  12. The Effect of Distance Learning Classroom Design on Student Perceptions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jayasinghe, Mala Gopalakrishnan; Morrison, Gary R.; Ross, Steven M.

    1997-01-01

    Investigates the effect of camera angle and monitor placement in a distance learning environment where a videotape of a lecture was used. Results suggest that an eye-level camera and multiple monitors with groups of 4-5 students positively influence instructor credibility, immediacy, and interactions. (AEF)

  13. Producing Distance Learning Materials: Cash and Other Constraints.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitehead, Don J.

    In order to develop a financial plan for and identify constraints on the production of distance learning materials, a total human resources development (HRD) plan must be produced, and endorsed by the highest level of management. The HRD plan sets out the human resources needed to secure the organization's future in terms of people and their…

  14. Accreditation of Open and Distance Learning: A Framework for Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kocdar, Serpil; Aydin, Cengiz Hakan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to develop a framework for the accreditation of higher open and distance learning (ODL) programs in Turkey. The study was designed as a sequential monomethod multistrand mixed model including two strands which were both qualitative (QUAL[arrow right]QUAL). In the first strand, both quantitative and qualitative data…

  15. Attitudes of Prospective Human Resource Personnel towards Distance Learning Degrees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Udegbe, I. Bola

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the attitudes of Prospective Human Resource Personnel toward degrees obtained by distance learning in comparison to those obtained through conventional degree program. Using a cross-sectional survey design, a total of 215 postgraduate students who had been or had potential to be involved in the hiring process in their…

  16. Ten Years On: Assessing Multimedia Distance-Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaillant-Sirdey, Christine

    This paper is a presentation of a 10-year experiment in multimedia distance learning in English for specific purposes within the general framework of a 3-year management diploma in the French higher education system. It defines, analyzes, and rationalizes key elements in the technical evolution against a background of epistemological and present…

  17. Distance Learning via Satellite Begins with Analysis of the Users.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunting, Larry

    A study of administrators, teachers, and students at 19 community colleges was conducted in order to better understand the individual groups served by satellite technology in distance education programs. Along with demographic information, the following issues were investigated: (1) learning styles most commonly used at each institution; (2)…

  18. Creating a Successful International Distance-Learning Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Little, Craig B.; Titarenko, Larissa; Bergelson, Mira

    2005-01-01

    As the global economy becomes more integrated, incorporating international experiences into college curricula becomes increasingly desirable for American students and their counterparts abroad. This paper describes one model for creating an international, Web-based, distance-learning classroom that can be used as a guide for those who might wish…

  19. A Model for Designing Library Instruction for Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rand, Angela Doucet

    2013-01-01

    Providing library instruction in distance learning environments presents a unique set of challenges for instructional librarians. Innovations in computer-mediated communication and advances in cognitive science research provide the opportunity for designing library instruction that meets a variety of student information seeking needs. Using a…

  20. Financial Management of Distance Learning in Dual-Mode Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rumble, Greville

    2012-01-01

    Dual-mode universities operating in a tough economic environment need to be able to answer a range of questions concerning their use of different teaching modes accurately and with confidence. Only an activity-based costing approach will provide them with this tool. Cost studies of other distance learning projects may provide benchmarks against…

  1. Improving Collaborative Learning by Supporting Casual Encounters in Distance Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Contreras, Juan; Llamas, Rafael; Vizcaino, Aurora; Vavela, Jesus

    Casual encounters in a learning environment are very useful in reinforcing previous knowledge and acquiring new knowledge. Such encounters are very common in traditional learning environments and can be used successfully in social environments in which students can discover and construct knowledge through a process of dialogue, negotiation, or…

  2. New distance learning courses from the Raven Department of Education.

    PubMed

    Ribbans, B; Galea, M

    2000-03-01

    The Raven Department of Education is marking the new century by developing two new distance learning courses, both of which will include computer-based learning using the College web site. STEP 2000 will be offered to basic surgical trainees from August 2000 and replaces the MRCS-STEP course for those preparing to take the MRCS examination. The second course is the department's first distance learning offer for higher surgical trainees. Designed for HSTs in general surgery in years 1-3, it provides an introduction to the surgery of breast disease. In the two articles below, the sessional tutors leading these developments outline the main features of the two courses and explain the educational principles behind them. PMID:10827781

  3. The State of Distance-Learning Worldwide. The First Report on the Index of Institutions Involved in Distance-Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, Walter

    A survey of distance-learning institutions in 88 countries was conducted in 1983 to discover whether a network of such institutions existed that would allow the international sharing of educational programs under the sponsorship of the United Nations University (UNU). Findings are based on responses from 304 institutions (33%), cover 468 different…

  4. Student perspectives on transitioning to new technologies for distance learning.

    PubMed

    Cartwright, Juliana C; Menkens, Reneé

    2002-01-01

    This article reports on students' perceptions of their learning experiences when an existing distance-learning master's program transitions to new technologies and new instructional strategies. Unique elements addressed in this article include (1) findings when a program with extensive experience delivering distance education changes to new technologies and (2) findings when a multidimensional format is used to evaluate program delivery. The technology changes involved migrating from a satellite-based technician-supported videoconferencing system to a land-based faculty-operated videoconferencing system and the addition of class Web materials and asynchronous computer conferencing to course delivery. The multidimensional evaluation format examined student experiences within the context of specific interactions among instructional activities, technology applications, and desired learning outcomes. The evaluation process involved (1) open-ended and structured items in course surveys and (2) an end-of-year student focus group discussion. A formative evaluation approach was used; this article reports on efforts to address the problems identified. Findings include (1) program planners should not assume that prior institutional experiences with distance education facilitate a smooth transition to use of different technologies and (2) a formative multidimensional approach to program evaluation is critical for understanding student experiences with technology-mediated distance education. PMID:12105402

  5. Personal Learning Environments (PLEs) in a Distance Learning Course on Mathematics Applied to Business

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bidarra, Jose; Araujo, Joao

    2013-01-01

    This paper argues that the dominant form of distance learning that is common in most e-learning systems rests on a set of learning devices and environments that may be outdated from the student's perspective, namely because it is not supportive of learner empowerment and does not facilitate the efforts of self-directed learners. For this…

  6. Distance Learning and University Effectiveness: Changing Educational Paradigms for Online Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Caroline; Schenk, Karen; Discenza, Richard

    2004-01-01

    "Distance Learning and University Effectiveness: Changing Educational Paradigms for Online Learning" addresses the challenges and opportunities associated with information and communication technologies (ICTs) as related to education. From discussing new and innovative educational paradigms and learning models resulting from ICTs to addressing…

  7. Distance-learning postgraduate education in optics and optical design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Macdonald, John

    2005-02-01

    Although optics is a common area of activity among professional physicists and engineers, the subject itself is typically not a significant component of Bachelor degrees in physics or engineering. Consequently, large numbers of scientists and engineers find themselves working in the field of optics without formal education in the subject. Although such education would often prove valuable to them, it is not conveniently available via conventional full-time courses. Another group of persons includes those who are not working in an optics-related field, but would like to be, and yet cannot contemplate the cost and dislocation associated with a conventional full-time Masters course. For both these groups, a flexible Masters course in optics by distance-learning could be appropriate. It is for these reasons that interest has arisen recently in such forms of optics education. This paper describes a flexible distance-learning model for postgraduate education in optics that has been implemented at the University of Reading, England, where there has been a full-time optics Masters course in Applied and Modern Optics for almost 40 years. The model is modular and credit-based, and includes various levels of qualification from CPD to Masters. A distance-learning module on optical design is discussed as an example, and it is hoped to make this module freely available on-line via the internet to delegates at this conference for them to explore in their own time. The importance of choosing optical-design case studies appropriate to this learning style is discussed. The problem of lab work within a distance-learning optics course is described, and current and possible future solutions are discussed.

  8. Distance and Face-to-Face Learning Culture and Values: A Conceptual Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tejeda-Delgado, Carmen; Millan, Brett J.; Slate, John R.

    2011-01-01

    With distance learning increasing in popularity across the country and the world, a review of the extant literature as it relates to distance learning and face-to-face learning is warranted. In particular, this paper examined distance learning, including a historical overview, prevailing themes in past research, and studies relating the importance…

  9. Inclusive Approach to the Psycho-Pedagogical Assistance of Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akhmetova, Daniya Z.

    2014-01-01

    Author focuses on three groups of problems: quality of distance learning and e-learning; necessity to develop the facilitation skills for teachers who work using distance learning technologies; realization of inclusive approach for the organization of distance learning in inclusive groups where people with disabilities study with people without…

  10. Mobile Distance Learning with PDAs: Development and Testing of Pedagogical and System Solutions Supporting Mobile Distance Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rekkedal, Torstein; Dye, Aleksander

    2007-01-01

    The article discusses basic teaching-learning philosophies and experiences from the development and testing of mobile learning integrated with the online distance education system at NKI (Norwegian Knowledge Institute) Distance Education. The article builds on experiences from three European Union (EU) supported "Leonardo da Vinci" projects on…