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1

14 CFR 223.24 - Transportation of empty mail bags.  

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS FREE AND REDUCED-RATE TRANSPORTATION International Travel § 223.24 Transportation of empty mail bags. Any carrier authorized to engage in foreign air transportation may...

2014-01-01

2

Electronic Mail in Distance Education: A Canadian Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Electronic mail is the sending of messages from one person to another using electronic technology. This paper discusses communication through a personal computer and the commercial electronic mail service. Basic information about the technology of electronic mail is provided, such as hardware and software, subscription and options of electronic…

Burpee, Peter; And Others

3

Using Transportation Distances for Measuring Melodic Similarity  

E-print Network

) and the Proportional Transportation Distance (PTD), a pseudo­metric for weighted point sets which is based on the EMD. A comparison of our experiment results with earlier work shows that by using weighted point sets and the EMD/PTD also used a modified version of it, the Proportional Transportation Distance (PTD), which was proposed

Utrecht, Universiteit

4

Using Transportation Distances for Measuring Melodic Similarity  

E-print Network

) and the Proportional Transportation Distance (PTD), a pseudo-metric for weighted point sets which is based on the EMD. A comparison of our experiment results with earlier work shows that by using weighted point sets and the EMD/PTD also used a modified version of it, the Proportional Transportation Distance (PTD), which was proposed

Veltkamp, Remco

5

New Communication Practices, Identity and the Psychological Gap: The Affective Function of E-mail on a Distance Doctoral Programme.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined e-mail messages sent by Romanian Ph.D. students over the first 2 years of a (largely) distance education program based in the United Kingdom. Found that participants used e-mail to obtain support, inscribe their multiple identities within their messages, and adapt the medium for their own needs; these uses have particular value for…

Sunderland, Jane

2002-01-01

6

Original article Evidence of long distance airborne transport  

E-print Network

/ Mycoplasma 1. INTRODUCTION The ability of livestock pathogens to be transported over long distances viaOriginal article Evidence of long distance airborne transport of porcine reproductive (PRRSV) and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae to be transported over long distances via the airborne route

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

7

Long Distance Transport in Macrocystis integrifolia  

PubMed Central

Movement of THO and tritium-labeled photoassimilate was studied in intact fronds and frond cuttings of Macrocystis integrifolia following labeling of a mature blade by tritiated water. Both THO and tritium-labeled assimilate moved from the source blade to sink areas at velocities comparable to those recorded earlier for 14C- and 32P-labeled compounds. In intact fronds and frond cuttings, THO and tritium-labeled assimilate showed a declining gradient with increasing distance from the source. In the exudate collected from the basal cut end of the frond, there was a marked increase in radioactivity with time in the photoassimilate, but no such gradient was evident for THO. These results support the idea that, although both tritium-labeled assimilate and THO move in the sieve elements, THO is rapidly exchanged with water in the tissues surrounding the sieve elements. Finally, it is shown that THO is transported to the sink and there “unloaded”; indeed, it can move out of the plant itself. The data on velocity and directionality of transport as well as unloading of THO at the sink are discussed, along with computations on specific mass transfer, and favor the idea that Münch's pressure-flow hypothesis is applicable in Macrocystis for long distance translocation of photoassimilates. PMID:16661395

Schmitz, Klaus; Srivastava, Lalit M.

1980-01-01

8

14 CFR 223.24 - Transportation of empty mail bags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01...Section 223.24 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...TRANSPORTATION International Travel § 223.24 Transportation...free of charge, on a voluntary space-available...

2012-01-01

9

14 CFR 223.24 - Transportation of empty mail bags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01...Section 223.24 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...TRANSPORTATION International Travel § 223.24 Transportation...free of charge, on a voluntary space-available...

2010-01-01

10

14 CFR 223.24 - Transportation of empty mail bags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01...Section 223.24 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...TRANSPORTATION International Travel § 223.24 Transportation...free of charge, on a voluntary space-available...

2013-01-01

11

14 CFR 223.24 - Transportation of empty mail bags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01...Section 223.24 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...TRANSPORTATION International Travel § 223.24 Transportation...free of charge, on a voluntary space-available...

2011-01-01

12

Telecommunications and Distance Education: Using Electronic Mail To Teach University Courses in Alaska.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Alaska Southeast (UAS) has been given the responsibility for providing distance education in Alaska, a vast state geographically with a disperse population. With the vastness of the area for which UAS is responsible for providing educational opportunities, the only cost effective method to meet those responsibilities is distance

Fredrickson, Scott

13

[Intracellular protein transport--the cell as a mail carrier].  

PubMed

The eukaryotic cell has a highly developed machinery for routing proteins to their correct intra- or extra-cellular locations. Short stretches of amino acids ("signal peptides") serve as address labels that are recognized by receptors on the surface of the appropriate organelle, where-upon translocation across one or more membranes ensues. Premature folding of the nascent protein is prevented by cytoplasmic "chaperones", i.e. proteins that bind to unfolded or partially folded nascent chains. After import into the organelle, other chaperones are required for catalyzing the final folding of the protein, and for promoting its correct assembly into oligomeric protein complexes. Transport along the secretory pathway (endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi to trans-Golgi to plasma membrane) is mediated by vesicles that bud from a donor compartment and fuse with an acceptor compartment. PMID:2280633

Von Heijne, G

1990-12-12

14

Long Distance Transport in Macrocystis integrifolia  

PubMed Central

Discs from mature regions of Macrocystis blades picked up significantly more [32P]phosphate from the ambient medium than similar discs from young meristematic regions, and this uptake was higher in light than in darkness. Double-labeling experiments with NaH14CO3 and [32P]phosphate, using intact fronds as well as cut frond segments, indicated that 32P was translocated from mature blades to sink regions at velocities of 25 to 45 centimeters per hour, velocities comparable to 14C translocation velocity in the same material. There was a slight delay in transport of 32P which may be due to a delay in loading or to a high metabolism of 32P in the transporting channels. Histoautoradiography of stipe segments in the translocation pathway indicated that transport of label occurred in the peripheral parts of medulla. An analysis of 32P-labeled compounds in the fed blade and in the sieve tube sap, collected from basal cut ends of stipes, indicated major differences in labeling patterns. In the blade, a high proportion of 32P was recovered as inorganic phosphate and relatively small amounts were found in hexose mono- and diphosphates, UDPG and ATP. In the sieve tube sap, however, only a small amount of 32P was present as inorganic phosphate, a large proportion was found in hexose mono- and diphosphates, and appreciable amounts were present in ATP and UDPG. Images PMID:16660847

Schmitz, Klaus; Srivastava, Lalit M.

1979-01-01

15

Historical perspectives on long distance transport of animals.  

PubMed

Since Roman Antiquity, domestic and wild animals have been transported over long distances for purposes as different as improvement of livestock production, food supply, scientific interest, public entertainment, war and numerous other purposes. This long distance transportation was originally limited to the Mediterranean area but, during the Middle Ages extended to the rest of Europe. The conquest of the New World was the first major occasion to transport large numbers of horses and other livestock across the oceans. Domestic animals were necessary for the new colonies and their armies. European expansion to Asia and the Pacific also required the transportation of large numbers of domestic animals. Data, figures and description of the conditions of transport of animals as different as wild beasts, horses, camels, elephants or poultry are reported for each historical period. PMID:20405409

Blancou, Jean; Parsonson, Ian

2008-01-01

16

Change of Collision Efficiency with Distance in Bacterial Transport Experiements  

SciTech Connect

Previous bacterial transport studies have shown decreased bacterial adhesion with transport distance, largely based on laboratory core experiments. An inferred effect of microbial population variability is invoked to interpret experimental data, but there lacks direct measurement at field-scale, especially in correlation of transport distance with change of bacterial surface properties. This study was undertaken to determine change of collision efficiency with transport distance, taking advantage of the bacterial transport experiment in Oyster, VA in the summer of 2001. Upon injection of an adhesion deficient strain, Comamonas sp. DA001 into a up-gradient well, bacterial samples were taken from multi-level samplers along the flow path, and were injected into cores of 40 cm in length and 7.5 cm in diameter packed with homogenized sediment from the same site, South Oyster focus area (SOFA). Bacterial suspension samples were also measured for bacterial electrophoretic mobility distribution. Using filtration theory, collision efficiency, the probability of bacterial attachment to the grain surfaces upon collision and a quantitative measure of bacterial adhesion, was determined using CXTFIT model fitted attachment rate, measured grain size (10th percentile), porosity, flow velocity, and collector efficiency. Collision efficiency was also determined based on the fraction of retention in the cores. Contrary to previous results and interpretation of field-scale breakthrough curves, our experimentally determined collision efficiency increases with transport distance in the core experiments, which correlates with increasingly negative surface charge of the injected bacteria. Therefore we conclude that the apparent decrease in adhesion with transport distance in the field is strongly controlled by field-scale heterogeneity in physical and chemical aquifer properties and not by microbial population heterogeneity.

Dong, Hailiang; Scheibe, Timothy D.; Johnson, William P.; Monkman, Crystal; Fuller, Mark E.

2006-05-01

17

ANALYTICAL DIFFUSION MODEL FOR LONG DISTANCE TRANSPORT OF AIR POLLUTANTS  

EPA Science Inventory

A steady-state two-dimensional diffusion model suitable for predicting ambient air pollutant concentrations averaged over a long time period (e.g., month, season, or year) and resulting from the transport of pollutants for distances greater than about 100 km from the source is de...

18

ASSESSMENT OF MODEL SIMULATION OF LONG-DISTANCE TRANSPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

The ability of trajectory models and meteorological data bases to simulate long-distance transport of air pollutants is assessed by comparing trajectories of tetroons and tetroon grounding locations from several recent U.S. Environmental Protection field studies with diagnostic t...

19

Long distance transport and movement of RNA through the phloem.  

PubMed

Cell-to-cell communication is essential for plant development and adaptation to environmental changes. As a strategy for efficient intercellular communication, plants have evolved a plant-specific symplasmic network connected via plasmodesmata that allows a locally restricted information exchange from cell to cell. A rapid information transfer over long distances is enabled via the phloem transport tubes that pervade the complete plant and thus connect even the most distant organs. While communication by small molecules like metabolites and phytohormones is comparably well studied, the intercellular trafficking of proteins and RNAs has only recently emerged as a novel mechanism of cell-to-cell and long-distance signalling in plants. In particular the non-cell-autonomous and systemic transport pathway for specific RNAs seems to play a key role in the co-ordination of important physiological processes, including virus defence, gene silencing, regulation of development, and nutrient allocation. This review is a summary of the current knowledge on RNAs contained in the phloem long-distance transport system, their transport mechanism, and their potential functions. PMID:17905731

Kehr, Julia; Buhtz, Anja

2008-01-01

20

Method for transporting low temperature heat long distances  

SciTech Connect

A new method for transporting low temperature heat long distances consists of a system of high pressure air with a high specific heat in a low heat loss and low cost non-metallic heat pipe that is coilable for plowing into the earth. The hot air is used for space heating or for heating hot water heating systems or for process heat. The purpose of the invention is to reduce cost and save fossil fuel. High pressure air as opposed to hot water or steam for moving heat energy ecologically sound. Heat from remote geothermal hot water wells can be economically moved several miles or hundreds of miles to communities for space heating. Heat from remote waste heat sources at electrical generating plants and other fossil fuel burning heat system can be transported long distances for building use.

Pugh, P.F.

1983-10-11

21

Metal species involved in long distance metal transport in plants  

PubMed Central

The mechanisms plants use to transport metals from roots to shoots are not completely understood. It has long been proposed that organic molecules participate in metal translocation within the plant. However, until recently the identity of the complexes involved in the long-distance transport of metals could only be inferred by using indirect methods, such as analyzing separately the concentrations of metals and putative ligands and then using in silico chemical speciation software to predict metal species. Molecular biology approaches also have provided a breadth of information about putative metal ligands and metal complexes occurring in plant fluids. The new advances in analytical techniques based on mass spectrometry and the increased use of synchrotron X-ray spectroscopy have allowed for the identification of some metal-ligand species in plant fluids such as the xylem and phloem saps. Also, some proteins present in plant fluids can bind metals and a few studies have explored this possibility. This study reviews the analytical challenges researchers have to face to understand long-distance metal transport in plants as well as the recent advances in the identification of the ligand and metal-ligand complexes in plant fluids. PMID:24723928

Alvarez-Fernandez, Ana; Diaz-Benito, Pablo; Abadia, Anunciacion; Lopez-Millan, Ana-Flor; Abadia, Javier

2014-01-01

22

Plant sulphate transporters: co-ordination of uptake, intracellular and long-distance transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proton\\/sulphate co-transport in the plasma membrane of root cells is the first step for the uptake of sulphate from the environment by plants. Further intracellular, cell-to-cell and long-distance transport must fulfil the requirements for sulphate assimilation and source\\/sink demands within the plant. A gene family of sulphate transporters, which may be subdivided into five groups, has been identified with examples

Peter Buchner; Hideki Takahashi; Malcolm J. Hawkesford

2004-01-01

23

Transport Distance of Invertebrate Environmental DNA in a Natural River  

PubMed Central

Environmental DNA (eDNA) monitoring is a novel molecular technique to detect species in natural habitats. Many eDNA studies in aquatic systems have focused on lake or ponds, and/or on large vertebrate species, but applications to invertebrates in river systems are emerging. A challenge in applying eDNA monitoring in flowing waters is that a species' DNA can be transported downstream. Whether and how far eDNA can be detected due to downstream transport remains largely unknown. In this study we tested for downstream detection of eDNA for two invertebrate species, Daphnia longispina and Unio tumidus, which are lake dwelling species in our study area. The goal was to determine how far away from the source population in a lake their eDNA could be detected in an outflowing river. We sampled water from eleven river sites in regular intervals up to 12.3 km downstream of the lake, developed new eDNA probes for both species, and used a standard PCR and Sanger sequencing detection method to confirm presence of each species' eDNA in the river. We detected D. longispina at all locations and across two time points (July and October); whereas with U. tumidus, we observed a decreased detection rate and did not detect its eDNA after 9.1 km. We also observed a difference in detection for this species at different times of year. The observed movement of eDNA from the source amounting to nearly 10 km for these species indicates that the resolution of an eDNA sample can be large in river systems. Our results indicate that there may be species' specific transport distances for eDNA and demonstrate for the first time that invertebrate eDNA can persist over relatively large distances in a natural river system. PMID:24523940

Deiner, Kristy; Altermatt, Florian

2014-01-01

24

Heavytailed travel distance in gravel bed transport: An exploratory enquiry  

E-print Network

and theoretical analysis. In our experimental setting, we find travel distances for particles of a given size distance can emerge from a mixture of particle sizes. Heavytailed travel distance can lead to anomalous such as a HelleySmith bed load sampler or a trap. In the second method, particles are painted (or labeled

Meerschaert, Mark M.

25

Transportation, Distance, and Health Care Utilization for Older Adults in Rural and Small Urban Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transportation is vital for access to health care, especially in rural areas, where travel distances are great and access to alternative modes such as transit is less prevalent. This study estimated the impacts of transportation and travel distance on the utilization of health care services for older adults in rural and small urban areas. With data collected from a survey,

Jeremy Mattson

2011-01-01

26

Victory Mail  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Victory Mail (better known as V-mail) operated during WWII in order to expedite mail service for American armed forces overseas. Delivering such a large volume of mail posed a number of problems for the War Departments and the Post Office as they sought to reduce the bulk and weight of letters. Using the model of the British Airgraph Service, officials started microfilming messages for dispatch in order to eliminate much of the bulk. The Smithsonian's National Postal Museum has provided this site as a complement to an in situ exhibit in Washington D.C. The site provides several sections "Introducing V-mail", "Operating V-Mail", "Using V-Mail", "Letter writing in WWII", and "References". Each section provides an introduction, several related links to additional resources or articles, and a series of relevant images. For WWII or postal historians and enthusiasts this site should prove quite a treat.

27

The Development of the Zeppelin Dirigible for Long Distance Transportation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Changes in the design and construction of German airships for regular transoceanic passenger transportation during the 1916 to 1938 period are described. Technical problems related to structural weight, fuel reduction, and passenger comfort are considered.

Ehrle, A.

1980-01-01

28

The world's air transportation services : data as to passengers, mail, and goods carried by American and European transportation services  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report presents detailed descriptions, statistics, and graphs on European and American air transport. The European countries listed are Belgium, Czecho-Slovakia, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Holland, and Italy.

1922-01-01

29

Electronic Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decision makers must address the issues of (1) just what are electronic communications? (2) how will they help me teach, administer, or survive? and (3) what will it cost in time and money? Electronic mail allows the sending of letters, memos, and messages to anyone who uses the same electronic mail system, and provides most of the options that…

Pollard, Jim; Holznagel, Don

1984-01-01

30

The economics of long distance thermal energy transport for district applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper analyzes the economic viability of long-distance energy transport using hot water for U.S. conditions. The analysis is based on a number of cost estimates for installed hot water piping systems in both rural and urban areas. The total cost of delivered thermal energy, including operation and maintenance, is calculated as a function of transport distance, load factor, pipe diameter, and temperature difference between the supply and return water lines. A typical private utility fixed charge rate of 18 percent is assumed. Delivered energy transport costs from remote power plants are then compared to the cost of energy from an oil-fired boiler in individual buildings. Results of the analysis show that for oil costing $30 per barrel, it is economically feasible, for reasonable load factors and temperature differences between supply and return lines, to transport thermal energy up to distances of 20 to 40 miles, depending on the heat delivery capacity of the transport lines.

Rubin, A.; Karnitz, M.A.; Kolb, J.O.

1980-12-01

31

Long-distance transport of signals during symbiosis  

PubMed Central

Legumes enter nodule symbioses with nitrogen-fixing bacteria (rhizobia), whereas most flowering plants establish symbiotic associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. Once first steps of symbiosis are initiated, nodule formation and mycorrhization in legumes is negatively controlled by a shoot-derived inhibitor (SDI), a phenomenon termed autoregulation. According to current views, autoregulation of nodulation and mycorrhization in legumes is regulated in a similar way. CLE peptides induced in response to rhizobial nodulation signals (Nod factors) have been proposed to represent the ascending long-distance signals to the shoot. Although not proven yet, these CLE peptides are likely perceived by leucine-rich repeat (LRR) autoregulation receptor kinases in the shoot. Autoregulation of mycorrhization in non-legumes is reminiscent to the phenomenon of “systemic acquired resistance” in plant-pathogen interactions. PMID:21455020

Xie, Zhi-Ping; Illana, Antonio

2011-01-01

32

Transportation, Distance, and Health Care Utilization for Older Adults in Rural and Small Urban Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transportation is a vital issue for access to health care, especially in rural areas where travel distances are great and access to alternative modes such as transit is less prevalent. This study estimates the impacts of transportation and geography on utilization of health care services for older adults in rural and small urban areas. Using data collected from a survey,

Jeremy Mattson

2011-01-01

33

Executive overview: welfare aspects of the long distance transportation of animals.  

PubMed

A compendium of papers brings together a range of perspectives on the long distance transportation of animals. The purpose is to assist in the strengthening of global public policies for the protection of animal health and welfare. The audience targeted is the wide range of people involved in shaping sound public policy. Papers cover the history of long distance transportation of animals, the viewpoints of the foremost civil society organisations involved in the long distance transport of animals, how various governments approach public policy on the subject, the implementation of quality management for the transportation of different species of animals in different situations, future directions for quality management, design and engineering of infrastructures, transport safety and animal welfare and the education and training necessary for the successful management of animal welfare during long distance transportation. A seamless connection between animal health and animal welfare is an absolute necessity given the critical importance of animal movements in the spread of infection and the devastation to animal and human welfare produced by infectious disease. A compendium of papers brings together a range of perspectives on the long distance transportation of animals. The purpose is to assist in the strengthening of global public policies for the protection of animal health and welfare. The audience targeted is the wide range of people involved in shaping sound public policy. Papers cover the history of long distance transportation of animals, the viewpoints of the foremost civil society organisations involved in the long distance transport of animals, how various governments approach public policy on the subject, the implementation of quality management for the transportation of different species of animals in different situations, future directions for quality management, design and engineering of infrastructures, transport safety and animal welfare and the education and training necessary for the successful management of animal welfare during long distance transportation. A seamless connection between animal health and animal welfare is an absolute necessity given the critical importance of animal movements in the spread of infection and the devastation to animal and human welfare produced by infectious disease. PMID:20405408

Adams, David B; Thornber, Peter M; Murray, Gardner

2008-01-01

34

Interplay between velocity and travel distance of kinesin-based transport in the presence of tau.  

PubMed

Although the disease-relevant microtubule-associated protein tau is known to severely inhibit kinesin-based transport in vitro, the potential mechanisms for reversing this detrimental effect to maintain healthy transport in cells remain unknown. Here we report the unambiguous upregulation of multiple-kinesin travel distance despite the presence of tau, via decreased single-kinesin velocity. Interestingly, the presence of tau also modestly reduced cargo velocity in multiple-kinesin transport, and our stochastic simulations indicate that the tau-mediated reduction in single-kinesin travel underlies this observation. Taken together, our observations highlight a nontrivial interplay between velocity and travel distance for kinesin transport, and suggest that single-kinesin velocity is a promising experimental handle for tuning the effect of tau on multiple-kinesin travel distance. PMID:24268156

Xu, Jing; King, Stephen J; Lapierre-Landry, Maryse; Nemec, Brian

2013-11-19

35

Mail Art  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

University at Buffalo Digital Collections (UBdigit) presents this collection of digitized mail art, "art sent through the post rather than displayed or sold through conventional commercial channels." Mail art is made using a variety of mediums including postcards, books, and images made by photocopier or rubber stamping, and postage stamps, and is often created by outsider artists. The works in the collection span the 1970s to the early 2000s, and range in variety from a small cardboard box filled with pieces of tissue paper, multi-colored cloth scraps and threads, cellophane, and dried flowers, sent by artist Ameila Etlinger; to Matteo Cagnola's booklet of rubber-stamp and photographic art, mailed from Italy in an envelope also decorated with stamping; to a rubber glove with a painting of a city skyline on one side and a tiger on the other, with Canadian postage stamps stapled on, and sent through the mail by artist Genevieve Garneau.

36

Effects of haul distance and stocking density on young suckling calves transported in Japan.  

PubMed

We conducted applicability evaluation of recommendations of the European Union (EU) and the Royal Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) for suckling calves. Nineteen calves (14 Holstein aged 11-26 days and five cross-bred aged 13-45 days) were divided into six groups. Three groups were allocated into the stocking densities of 0.25, 0.35, 0.45 m² /head and were weekly transported 50, 100, 150 km in this order. Another three groups were allocated and transported in reverse order. Observation was conducted during and after transportation. Blood sampling was performed before and after transportation. The occurrences of lying and turning round on the truck were significantly associated with stocking density (P < 0.05), but not with haul distance. Scratching was observed only in one calf. Incidence of watery feces was not associated with both factors. There were significant effects of haul distance on the concentrations of plasma cortisol and noradrenaline, and serum aspartate aminotranserase (AST) and IgM (P < 0.05). These concentrations, except cortisol, were higher after transportation at 150 km compared to the pre-transportation value (AST and IgM P < 0.05; noradrenaline P < 0.10). Results suggest that haul distances greater than 100 km should not be recommended even for suckling calves transported in Japan. PMID:21794019

Uetake, Katsuji; Tanaka, Toshio; Sato, Shusuke

2011-08-01

37

Engineering and design of vehicles for long distance road transport of livestock: the example of cattle transport in northern Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The author outlines the design of road vehicles for the long distance transport of livestock, mainly cattle, which are used in the tropical and sub-Mediterranean climatic regions of Australia and which have been engineered to meet animal welfare principles. Over 50% of journeys exceed 500 km. Journeys of 2 000 to 3 000 km do occur and involve the

John W. Lapworth

38

Influence of Cold Ischemia Time and Graft Transport Distance on Postoperative Outcome in Human Liver Transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

.\\u000a Purpose:   The association between hepatic allograft cold ischemia time (CIT) and graft transport distance (GTD) in human liver transplantation\\u000a was examined by investigating whether extended graft transportation prolongs the CIT and adversely affects graft survival.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods:   We retrospectively analyzed 186 consecutive orthotopic liver transplants (OLTs) done between May 1997 and July 1998. The\\u000a number of miles from the donor

Eishi Totsuka; John J. Fung; Ming-Che Lee; Tomohiro Ishii; Minoru Umehara; Youko Makino; Tung-Huei Chang; Yoshikazu Toyoki; Shunji Narumi; Kenichi Hakamada; Mutsuo Sasaki

2002-01-01

39

Analytical model for long-distance tracer-transport in plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent investigations of long-distance transport in plants using non-invasive tracer techniques such as 11C radiolabeling monitored by positron emission tomography (PET) combined with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed the need of dedicated methods to allow a quantitative data analysis and comparison of such experiments. A mechanistic compartmental tracer transport model is presented, defined by a linear system of partial differential

Jonas Bühler; Gregor Huber; Friederike Schmid; Peter Blümler

2011-01-01

40

Evidence for long-distance xylem transport of signal peptide activity from tomato roots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several types of small, endogenous signal peptides are now known to induce a wide range of local and systemic responses in plants, but how such signal peptide activity is transported over long distances remains unclear. In particular, the possible occurrence and root-to-shoot transport of signal peptide activity in the xylem does not appear to have been previously investigated. Suspension-cultured cells

Peter M. Neumann

2007-01-01

41

A circulation mud system used in long-distance ore pipeline transportation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The long-distance ore pipeline transportation is a new and high-tech industry, which is non-polluting, zero emissions, and in line with the strategy needs of national low-carbon economy and energy demand reduction. The long-distance ore transport needs multi-station pumping station transportation, however, the low concentration slurry that does not match the technological requirements, such as slurry head and so on. This paper designs a circulation mud system used in long-distance pipeline transportation, which solves the following issues: (1) the technical pool can't storage water during the period of cleaning mine, so can't meet the needs of non-suspension production; (2) slurry spot cool dry easy to bring serious environmental pollution; (3) the refined iron dug out from the process pool need transport to iron and steel industry, trucking transportation needs a huge costs. Experience has shown that the system effectively improve the production efficiency and propagate.

Li, Youling; Wang, Hua

2011-10-01

42

'Going The Distance?' A National Academies Report on Spent Fuel and High-Level Waste Transportation  

SciTech Connect

The National Academies released the report entitled Going the Distance? The Safe Transport of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste in the United States in February 2006. This paper provides a summary of the findings and recommendations from that report. (authors)

Crowley, K.D. [The National Academies, Washington, DC (United States)

2007-07-01

43

Spatial pattern of long-distance symplasmic transport and communication in trees  

PubMed Central

Symplasmic short- and long-distance communication may be regulated at different levels of plant body organization. It depends on cell-to-cell transport modulated by plasmodesmata conductivity and frequency but above all on morphogenetic fields that integrate a plant at the supracellular level. Their control of physiological and developmental processes is especially important in trees, where the continuum consists of 3-dimensional systems of: 1) stem cells in cambium, and 2) living parenchyma cells in the secondary conductive tissues. We found that long-distance symplasmic transport in trees is spatially regulated. Uneven distribution of fluorescent tracer in cambial cells along the branches examined illustrates an unknown intrinsic phenomenon that can possibly be important for plant organism integration. Here we illustrate the spatial dynamics of symplasmic transport in cambium, test and exclude the role of callose in its regulation, and discuss the mechanism that could possibly be responsible for the maintenance of this spatial pattern. PMID:23989002

Sokolowska, Katarzyna; Brysz, Alicja Maria; Zagorska-Marek, Beata

2013-01-01

44

Epidemiology, ethics and managing risks for physiological and behavioural stability of animals during long distance transportation.  

PubMed

Mechanisms to maintain the physiological and behavioural stability of animals during long distance transport are explored according to the epidemiological concept of the risk factor. The purpose is to consider quality assurance and risk management as two practical means of protecting animal health and welfare during long distance transport. The hierarchy of welfare, health and disease is treated as an indivisible whole to ensure that surveillance for welfare will encompass surveillance for infectious disease and that ethical consideration applies to the totality. Disease can have devastating effects on the well-being of both animals and people. Risk factors and epidemiological methods are explained and promoted for use in managing the health and welfare of animals transported over long distances. A 'one medicine' approach is emphasised and the depiction of stress as the cost of adaptation to stressors or the allostatic load is introduced to illuminate the challenges confronting transported animals. Aspects of heat stress in cattle are explored to illustrate how various sources of information, including inference from general biological knowledge, can assist in characterising risk factors that derive from the constitution of animals themselves. PMID:20405423

Adams, David B; Thornber, Peter M

2008-01-01

45

Using Transportation Distances for Measuring Melodic Similarity Rainer Typke, Panos Giannopoulos, Remco C. Veltkamp, Frans Wiering, Rene van Oostrum  

E-print Network

's Distance (EMD) and the Pro- portional Transportation Distance (PTD), a pseudo- metric for weighted point that by using weighted point sets and the EMD/PTD instead of Howard's method (1998) using the DARMS encoding for the EMD, we also used a modified version of it, the Proportional Trans- portation Distance (PTD), which

Veltkamp, Remco

46

Regional intensive care transports: a prospective analysis of distance, time and cost for road, helicopter and fixed-wing ambulances  

PubMed Central

Background There are three different types of ambulance systems, all of which can manage the same secondary intensive care patient transport mission: road ambulance, rotor-wing ambulance, and fixed-wing ambulance. We hypothesized that costs for specific transport distances would differ between systems. We aimed to analyze distances and observed times for ambulance intensive care secondary transport missions together with system costs to assess this. Methods We prospectively collected data for consecutive urgent intensive care transports into the regional tertiary care hospital in the northern region of Sweden. Distances and transport times were gathered, and a cost model was generated based on these together with fixed and operating costs from the three different ambulance systems. Distance-cost and time–cost estimations were then generated for each transport system. Results Road ambulance cost relatively less for shorter distances (within 250 kilometers/155 miles) but were relatively time ineffective. The rotor-wing systems were most expensive regardless of distance; but were most time-effective up to 400–500 km (248–310 miles). Fixed-wing systems were more cost-effective for longer distance (300 km/186 miles), and time effective for transports over 500 km (310 miles). Conclusions In summary, based on an economic model developed from observed regional ICU patient transports, and cost estimations, different ambulance system cost-distances could be compared. Distance-cost and time results show that helicopters can be effective up to moderate ICU transport distances (400–500), though are expensive to operate. For longer ICU patient transports, fixed-wing transport systems are both cost and time effective compared to helicopter-based systems. PMID:24902480

2014-01-01

47

Aggregation-induced reversal of transport distances of soil organic matter: are our balances correct?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of soil erosion on global carbon cycling, especially as a source or sink of green-house gases (GHGs), is the subject of intense debate. The controversy arises mostly from the lack of information on the fate of eroded soil organic carbon (SOC) as it moves from the site of erosion to the site of longer-term deposition. This requires improved understanding the transport distances of eroded SOC, which is principally related to the settling velocities of sediment fractions that carry the eroded SOC. For aggregated soils, settling velocities are affected by their actual aggregate size rather than the mineral grain size distribution. Aggregate stability is, in turn, strongly influenced by soil organic matter. This study aims at identifying the effect of aggregation on the transport distances of eroded SOC and its susceptibility to mineralization after transport and deposition. A rainfall simulation was carried out on a silty loam soil. The eroded sediments were fractionated by a settling tube apparatus into six different size classes according to their settling velocities and likely transport distances. Weight, SOC concentration and instantaneous respiration rates of the fractions of the six classes were measured. Our results show that: 1) 41% of the eroded SOC was transported with coarse aggregates that would be likely re-distributed across landscapes; 2) erosion was prone to accelerate the mineralization of eroded organic carbon immediately after erosion, compared to undisturbed aggregates; 3) erosion might make a higher contribution to atmospheric CO2 than the estimation made without considering the effects of aggregation and extra SOC mineralization during transport.

Hu, Yaxian; Kuhn, Nikolaus

2014-05-01

48

Leader Proteinase of Beet Yellows Virus Functions in Long-Distance Transport  

PubMed Central

The 66-kDa leader proteinase (L-Pro) of the Beet yellows virus (BYV) possesses a nonconserved N-terminal domain and a conserved, papain-like C-terminal domain. Previous work revealed that the N-terminal domain functions in RNA amplification, whereas the C-terminal domain is required for autoproteolysis. Alanine-scanning mutagenesis was applied to complete the functional analysis of L-Pro throughout the virus life cycle. This analysis indicated that the C-terminal domain of L-Pro, in addition to being required for proteolysis, also functions in RNA amplification and that these two functions are genetically separable. Examination of the role of L-Pro in BYV cell-to-cell movement revealed that none of the 20 examined replication-competent mutants was movement defective. In contrast, six of the L-Pro mutations affected the long-distance transport of BYV to various degrees, whereas three mutations completely abolished the transport. Because these mutations were located throughout the protein molecule, both domains of L-Pro function in virus transport. We conclude that in addition to previously identified functions of L-Pro, it also serves as the BYV long-distance transport factor. PMID:12584307

Peng, Chih-Wen; Napuli, Alberto J.; Dolja, Valerian V.

2003-01-01

49

Long-distance root-to-shoot transport of phytochelatins and cadmium in Arabidopsis  

PubMed Central

Phytochelatin synthases (PCS) mediate cellular heavy-metal resistance in plants, fungi, and worms. However, phytochelatins (PCs) are generally considered to function as intracellular heavy-metal detoxification mechanisms, and whether long-distance transport of PCs occurs during heavy-metal detoxification remains unknown. Here, wheat TaPCS1 cDNA expression was either targeted to Arabidopsis roots with the Arabidopsis alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh) promoter (Adh::TaPCS1/cad1-3) or ectopically expressed with the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter (35S::TaPCS1/cad1-3) in the PC-deficient mutant cad1-3. Adh::TaPCS1/cad1-3 and 35S::TaPCS1/cad1-3 complemented the cadmium, mercury, and arsenic sensitivities of the cad1-3 mutant. Northern blot, RT-PCR, and Western blot analyses showed Adh promoter-driven TaPCS1 expression only in roots and thus demonstrated lack of long-distance TaPCS1 mRNA and protein transport in plants. Fluorescence HPLC analyses showed that under Cd2+ stress, no PCs were detectable in cad1-3. However, in Adh::TaPCS1/cad1-3 plants, PCs were detected in roots and in rosette leaves and stems. Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer analyses showed that either root-specific or ectopic expression of TaPCS1 significantly enhanced long-distance Cd2+ transport into stems and rosette leaves. Unexpectedly, transgenic expression of TaPCS1 reduced Cd2+ accumulation in roots compared with cad1-3. The reduced Cd2+ accumulation in roots and enhanced root-to-shoot Cd2+ transport in transgenic plants were abrogated by l-buthionine sulfoximine. The presented findings show that (i) transgenic expression of TaPCS1 suppresses the heavy-metal sensitivity of cad1-3, (ii) PCs can be transported from roots to shoots, and (iii) transgenic expression of the TaPCS1 gene increases long-distance root-to-shoot Cd2+ transport and reduces Cd2+ accumulation in roots. PMID:12909714

Gong, Ji-Ming; Lee, David A.; Schroeder, Julian I.

2003-01-01

50

Long distance transport of ultracold atoms using a 1D optical lattice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the horizontal transport of ultracold atoms over macroscopic distances of up to 20 cm with a moving 1D optical lattice. By using an optical Bessel beam to form the optical lattice, we can achieve nearly homogeneous trapping conditions over the full transport length, which is crucial in order to hold the atoms against gravity for such a wide range. Fast transport velocities of up to 6 m s-1 (corresponding to about 1100 photon recoils) and accelerations of up to 2600 m s-2 are reached. Even at high velocities the momentum of the atoms is precisely defined with an uncertainty of less than one photon recoil. This allows for construction of an atom catapult with high kinetic energy resolution, which might have applications in novel collision experiments.

Schmid, Stefan; Thalhammer, Gregor; Winkler, Klaus; Lang, Florian; Hecker Denschlag, Johannes

2006-08-01

51

Long-distance transport, vacuolar sequestration and transcriptional responses induced by cadmium and arsenic  

PubMed Central

Summary Iron, zinc, copper and manganese are essential metals for cellular enzyme functions while cadmium, mercury and the metalloid arsenic lack any biological function. Both, essential and non-essential metals and metalloids are extremely reactive and toxic. Therefore, plants have acquired specialized mechanisms to sense, transport and maintain essential metals within physiological concentrations and to detoxify non-essential metals and metalloids. This review focuses on the recent identification of transporters that sequester cadmium and arsenic in vacuoles and the mechanisms mediating the partitioning of these metal(loid)s between roots and shoots. We further discuss recent models of phloem-mediated long-distance transport, seed accumulation of Cd and As and recent data demonstrating that plants posses a defined transcriptional response that allow plants to preserve metal homeostasis. This research is instrumental for future engineering of reduced toxic metal(loid) accumulation in edible crop tissues as well as for improved phytoremediation technologies. PMID:21820943

Mendoza-Cózatl, David G.; Jobe, Timothy O.; Hauser, Felix; Schroeder, Julian I.

2011-01-01

52

Possibility of long-distance heat transport in weightlessness using supercritical fluids  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Heat transport over large distances is classically performed with gravity or capillarity driven heat pipes. We investigate here whether the “piston effect,” a thermalization process that is very efficient in weightlessness in compressible fluids, could also be used to perform long-distance heat transfer. Experiments are performed in a modeling heat pipe (16.5 mm long, 3 mm inner diameter closed cylinder), with nearly adiabatic polymethylmethacrylate walls and two copper base plates. The cell is filled with H2 near its gas-liquid critical point (critical temperature: 33 K). Weightlessness is achieved by submitting the fluid to a magnetic force that compensates gravity. Initially the fluid is isothermal. Then heat is sent to one of the bases with an electrical resistance. The instantaneous amount of heat transported by the fluid is measured at the other end. The data are analyzed and compared with a two-dimensional numerical simulation that allows an extrapolation to be made to other fluids (e.g., CO2 , with critical temperature of 300 K). The major result is concerned with the existence of a very fast response at early times that is only limited by the thermal properties of the cell materials. The yield in terms of ratio, injected or transported heat power, does not exceed 10-30% and is limited by the heat capacity of the pipe. These results are valid in a large temperature domain around the critical temperature.

Beysens, D.; Chatain, D.; Nikolayev, V. S.; Ouazzani, J.; Garrabos, Y.

2010-12-01

53

Research on numerical simulation and protection of transient process in long-distance slurry transportation pipelines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The calculation of water-hammer pressure phenomenon of single-phase liquid is already more mature for a pipeline of uniform characteristics, but less research has addressed the calculation of slurry water hammer pressure in complex pipelines with slurry flows carrying solid particles. In this paper, based on the developments of slurry pipelines at home and abroad, the fundamental principle and method of numerical simulation of transient processes are presented, and several boundary conditions are given. Through the numerical simulation and analysis of transient processes of a practical engineering of long-distance slurry transportation pipeline system, effective protection measures and operating suggestions are presented. A model for calculating the water impact of solid and fluid phases is established based on a practical engineering of long-distance slurry pipeline transportation system. After performing a numerical simulation of the transient process, analyzing and comparing the results, effective protection measures and operating advice are recommended, which has guiding significance to the design and operating management of practical engineering of longdistance slurry pipeline transportation system.

Lan, G.; Jiang, J.; Li, D. D.; Yi, W. S.; Zhao, Z.; Nie, L. N.

2013-12-01

54

Initial Motion and Bedload Transport Distance Determined by Particle Tracking in a Large Regulated River  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reservoir releases on large regulated rivers are increasingly being used to rejuvenate riverine habitat downstream of dams. Determining the effective flow level is complicated by the trade-off between mobilizing bed particles and retaining coarse sediment in rivers with low sediment supply. This study determined mobilization and transport distance of bed particles using motion-sensing radio transmitting particles that approximated the reach-average D84 grain size. The distribution of shear stress at initial motion varied substantially between flood events, and suggests that the sequence of flood events and the history of underthreshold flows may be an important determinant of bed strength and thus particle mobility. In addition, particle activity was greatest on the rising limb of each flood and was maximized at near bank-full flow. Travel distances did not vary between floods when scaled by transport event duration, and a negative exponential distribution was a good fit to the data. Results of this study provide important insight into individual particle movement, which can be used to inform flow releases and understand the effects of flood magnitude on particle mobility and transport.

May, C. L.; Smith Pryor, B.; Lisle, T. E.

2012-12-01

55

Influence of water chemistry and travel distance on bacteriophage PRD-1 transport in a sandy aquifer  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Experiments were conducted to evaluate the impact of groundwater chemistry and travel distance on the transport and fate behavior of PRD-1, a bacteriophage employed as a surrogate tracer for pathogenic enteric viruses. The experiments were conducted in the unconfined aquifer at the United States Geological Survey Cape Cod Toxic-Substances Hydrology Research Site in Falmouth, Massachusetts. The transport behavior of bromide (Br-) and PRD-1 were evaluated in a sewage-effluent contaminated zone and a shallower uncontaminated zone at this site. Several multilevel sampling devices located along a 13-m transect were used to collect vertically discrete samples to examine longitudinal and vertical variability of PRD-1 retardation and attenuation. The concentration of viable bacteriophage in the aqueous phase decreased greatly during the first few meters of transport. This decrease is attributed to a combination of colloid filtration (attachment) and inactivation. The removal was greater (10 -12 relative recovery) and occurred within the first meter for the uncontaminated zone, whereas it was lesser (10-9 relative recovery) and occurred over 4 m in the contaminated zone. The lesser removal observed for the contaminated zone is attributed to the influence of sorbed and dissolved organic matter, phosphate, and other anions, which are present in higher concentrations in the contaminated zone, on PRD-1 attachment. After the initial decrease, the aqueous PRD-1 concentrations remained essentially constant in both zones for the remainder of the tests (total travel distances of 13 m), irrespective of variations in geochemical properties within and between the two zones. The viable, mobile PRD-1 particles traveled at nearly the rate of bromide, which was used as a non-reactive tracer. The results of this study indicate that a small fraction of viable virus particles may persist in the aqueous phase and travel significant distances in the subsurface environment. ?? 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Blanford, W. J.; Brusseau, M. L.; Yeh, T. C. J.; Gerba, C. P.; Harvey, R.

2005-01-01

56

Going the Distance? NRC's Response to the National Academy of Science's Transportation Study  

SciTech Connect

In February 2006, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) published the results of a 3 1/2-year study, titled Going the Distance, that examined the safety of transporting spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high level waste (HLW) in the United States. NAS initiated this study to address what it perceived to be a national need for an independent, objective, and authoritative analysis of SNF and HLW transport in the United States. The study was co-sponsored by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), the Electric Power Research Institute and the National Cooperative Highway Research Program. This paper addresses some of the recommendations made in the NAS study related to the performance of SNF transportation casks in long duration fires, the use of full-scale package testing, and the need for an independent review of transportation security prior to the commencement of large scale shipping campaigns to an interim storage site or geologic repository. In conclusion: The NRC believes that the current regulations in 10 CFR Part 71 for the design of SNF and HLW transportation packages provide a very high level of protection to the public for very severe accidents and credible threat scenarios. As recommended by the NAS study, additional studies of accidents involving severe fires have been completed. These studies have confirmed that spent fuel casks would be expected to withstand very severe fires without the release of any fission products from the spent fuel. Additionally, changes in rail operating procedures such as the use of dedicated trains and prohibition on the co-location of SNF and flammable liquids in rail tunnels can further reduce the already low probability of severe rail accident fires involving SNF and HLW. (authors)

Easton, E.P.; Bajwa, C.S. [United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

2008-07-01

57

Electron transport in asymmetric biphenyl molecular junctions: effects of conformation and molecule-electrode distance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On the basis of ab-initio calculations, we predict the effect of conformation and molecule-electrode distance on transport properties of asymmetric molecular junctions for different electrode materials M (M = Au, Ag, Cu, and Pt). The asymmetry in these junctions is created by connecting one end of the biphenyl molecule to conjugated double thiol (model A) and single thiol (model B) groups, while the other end to Cu atom. A variety of phenomena viz. rectification, negative differential resistance (NDR), switching has been observed that can be controlled by tailoring the interface state properties through molecular conformation and molecule-electrode distance for various M. These properties are further analyzed by calculating transmission spectra, molecular orbitals, and orbital energy. It is found that Cu electrode shows significantly enhanced rectifying performance with change in torsion angles, as well as with increase in molecule-electrode distances than Au and Ag electrodes. Moreover, Pt electrode manifests distinctive multifunctional behavior combining switch, diode, and NDR. Thus, the Pt electrode is suggested to be a good potential candidate for a novel multifunctional electronic device. Our findings are compared with available experimental and theoretical results. Supplementary material in the form of one pdf file available from the Journal web page at http://http//dx.doi.org/10.1140/epjb/e2014-50133-2

Parashar, Sweta; Srivastava, Pankaj; Pattanaik, Manisha; Jain, Sandeep Kumar

2014-09-01

58

Circulating ?-endorphin, adrenocorticotrophic hormone and cortisol levels of stallions before and after short road transport: stress effect of different distances  

PubMed Central

Background Since transport evokes physiological adjustments that include endocrine responses, the objective of this study was to examine the responses of circulating ?-endorphin, adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol levels to transport stress in stallions. Methods Forty-two healthy Thoroughbred and crossbred stallions were studied before and after road transport over distances of 100, 200 and 300 km. Blood samples were collected from the jugular vein: first in a single box immediately before loading (pre-samples), then immediately after transport and unloading on arrival at the breeding stations (post-samples). Results An increase in circulating ?-endorphin levels after transport of 100 km (P < 0.01), compared to basal values was observed. Circulating ACTH levels showed significant increases after transport of 100 km (P < 0.001) and 200 km (P < 0.001). Circulating cortisol levels showed significant increases after road transport over distances of 100, 200 and 300 km (P < 0.001). An effect of transport on ?-endorphin, ACTH and cortisol variations was therefore evident for the different distances studied. No significant differences (P > 0.05) between horses of different ages and different breeds were observed for ?-endorphin, ACTH and cortisol levels. Conclusion The results obtained for short term transportation of stallions showed a very strong reaction of the adrenocortical system. The lack of response of ?-endorphin after transport of 200–300 km and of ACTH after transport of 300 km seems to suggest a soothing effect of negative feedback of ACTH and cortisol levels. PMID:18315878

Fazio, Esterina; Medica, Pietro; Aronica, Vincenzo; Grasso, Loredana; Ferlazzo, Adriana

2008-01-01

59

Evidence of long distance airborne transport of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae  

PubMed Central

The ability of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae to be transported over long distances via the airborne route was evaluated. A source population of 300 grow-finish pigs was experimentally inoculated with PRRSV MN-184 and M. hyopneumoniae 232 and over a 50-day period, air samples were collected at designated distances from the source herd using a liquid cyclonic collector. Samples were tested for the presence of PRRSV RNA and M. hyopneumoniae DNA by PCR and if positive, further characterized. Of the 306 samples collected, 4 (1.3%) were positive for PRRSV RNA and 6 (1.9%) were positive for M. hyopneumoniae DNA. The PRRSV-positive samples were recovered 4.7 km to the northwest (NW) of the source population. Four of the M. hyopneumoniae-positive samples were obtained at the NW sampling point; 2 samples at approximately 2.3 km and the other 2 samples approximately 4.7 km from the source population. Of the remaining 2 samples, one sample was obtained at the southeast sampling point and the other at the southwest sampling point, with both locations being approximately 4.7 km from the source. The four PRRSV-positive samples contained infectious virus and were ? 98.8% homologous to the MN-184 isolate used to inoculate the source population. All 6 of the M. hyopneumoniae-positive samples were 99.9% homologous to M. hyopneumoniae 232. These results support the hypothesis that long distance airborne transport of these important swine pathogens can occur. PMID:19379664

Dee, Scott; Otake, Satoshi; Oliveira, Simone; Deen, John

2009-01-01

60

Engineering and design of vehicles for long distance road transport of livestock: the example of cattle transport in northern Australia.  

PubMed

The author outlines the design of road vehicles for the long distance transport of livestock, mainly cattle, which are used in the tropical and sub-Mediterranean climatic regions of Australia and which have been engineered to meet animal welfare principles. Over 50% of journeys exceed 500 km. Journeys of 2 000 to 3 000 km do occur and involve the resting of animals once or twice during the journey. Specialised vehicles, known as 'road trains', are employed and these consist of multiple trailers with multi-deck containers or stock crates for animals, which are hauled by a prime mover or tractor. The starting point for design is safety for both people and animals and the need to preserve transport infrastructure such as roads and bridges. The move to volume livestock loading, where livestock are loaded according to the volume they occupy rather than their weight, was a major early breakthrough. Details are given of the design of vehicles and loading facilities. Vehicle design includes suspensions and the floors, interior walls, doors, partitions and penning, deck supports and arrangements for through loading of stock crates. Loading and unloading ramps can be a major source of stress and standardised heights have been adopted in Australia. PMID:20405427

Lapworth, John W

2008-01-01

61

Space allowance during commercial long distance transport of cattle in North America.  

PubMed

The objective of the present work was to study space allowance in cattle during commercial long haul transport (?400 km; n = 6,152 journeys). Surveys, delivered to livestock transport carriers, gathered information on the number, BW, and distribution of cattle by trailer compartment as well as the characteristics of the transport vehicles used. Space allowance (SA; m(2)/animal), allometric coefficient (k = SA / BW(0.6667)), and the percentage of deviation from recommended SA (DRSA; %) in the Canadian Codes of Practice were calculated for each compartment of the trailers. All quad-axle (77%) and tri-axle (23%) cattle trailers were reported with 5 compartments (nose, deck, belly, back, and doghouse). Sixty percent of all animals were carried in the middle compartments (deck and belly), 30% in the rear (back and doghouse), and 10% in the front or nose. Approximately 30% of the journeys required that the cattle be redistributed at the Canada-USA border to comply with different axle weight regulations, and most journeys moved them between the deck and the doghouse. Total loaded weight increased and the number of animals decreased with increasing BW of the animals. space allowance, k-value, and DRSA were least for calves and feeders compared with fat and cull cattle (p < 0.01). Both total loaded weight and number of animals increased with the number of axles in the trailer, being greatest in quad-axle trailers pulled by push tractors, which were most frequently used. Space allowance (k-value) was least in vehicles with greater number of axles and transporting the lightest cattle (i.e., quad-axles trailers transporting calves and feeders). Space allowance, k-value, and variability among journeys were least in the middle compartments (belly and deck), followed by the back, then doghouse and nose compartments of the trailers showing the largest values (p < 0.05). Many factors contributed to the variability in SA such as body size (smaller animals are placed more densely), compartment of the trailer (greater density in belly and deck), and number of axles on the vehicle (greater density with more axles). The present study provides a framework to assess and understand factors affecting SA during commercial long distance transport of cattle. This information is vital in assessing the consequences of changing industry standards, guidelines, recommended values, laws and regulations on animal welfare, the industry, and economics. PMID:22696620

González, L A; Schwartzkopf-Genswein, K S; Bryan, M; Silasi, R; Brown, F

2012-10-01

62

Williams Google Mail Quick Reference Mail Settings  

E-print Network

Williams Google Mail Quick Reference 1 23 4 5 6 10 7 9 11 12 Mail Settings Go to Other Google Apps Contacts (Address Book) 1 Click on a link for a Google App to go to another app in a new tab, such as Drive is automatically emptied every 30 days. Help with Mail8 Click Help to see tons of help info by Google, including

Aalberts, Daniel P.

63

Geochemical processes during long-distance lateral magma transport within upper crust  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent geophysical observations demonstrate that magma is transported long distances from volcanic centers by dyke propagation (e.g., Miyakejima volcano: Geshi et al., 2002; Hachijojima volcano: Ishizuka et al., 2008). However, studying the physical and chemical properties of upper crustal fissures and intrusions in active volcanic systems is difficult. We have chosen to utilize the extensive dyke networks of the British Tertiary Volcanic Province that are exposed within the upper crust to investigate the processes occurring during magma transport. Lineations within dykes formed by bubble and crystal alignment indicate that the direction of magma flow gradually changed with distance from the volcanic center. Adjacent to the Mull volcanic center the dominant flow direction is near vertical to high-angle, while beyond c. 50km the flow direction is essentially horizontal. These observations indicate that the dykes extending southeast from Mull were fed by laterally-transported magma from this volcanic center. Geochemically, the dykes show two distinct trends: one representing magmatic differentiation and the other crustal assimilation. Assimilation is most clearly recognized in the correlations between radiogenic isotopes and major elements (e.g., SiO2 vs. 87Sr/86Sr, 143Nd/144Nd), and in the relationships between trace element ratios or ?Nb. Potential assimilants in the studied area are the lower crust, which is likely to be dominated by Lewisian gneiss, and the upper crust, featuring schists of sedimentary origin. Most of the dykes lie along a distinct isotopic trend from the Mull Plateau Group (MPG) lavas; these being a likely equivalent composition to the initial magmas before displacement along the fissures. Isotopically, these lavas reflect a contribution of lower crustal material (with low143Nd/144Nd, 206Pb/204Pb and Th/Ce) to the MORB-type asthenospheric mantle. In contrast, the dykes, except for some proximal samples, can be explained by addition of upper crustal material to a similar asthenospheric source. Contribution of this crustal material to the dykes appears to vary with distance, with the maximum143Nd/144Nd decreasing, and the minimum Th/Ce increasing away from Mull. Magmas with lesser crustal contribution (i.e., high 143Nd/144Nd, low Th/Ce) only occur close to the Mull volcanic center, and all the distal dykes have strong influence of upper crustal assimilation. These data imply that the dyke magma gradually assimilated upper crust on its journey away from Mull. A lateral variation in extent of crustal assimilation such as this has not been recognized in the Mackenzie Dyke Swarm (Baragar et al., 1996). Variable Ti/Zr between dykes implies that they formed during different stages of Mull volcanism, reflecting the equivalent variation in Ti/Zr in the Mull lavas. Accordingly, isolating geochemical signatures constrained by high-precision 40Ar/39Ar dating of dyke rocks enable us to correlate individual intrusions with known effusive events.

Ishizuka, O.; Geshi, N.; Mochizuki, N.; Taylor, R. N.

2013-12-01

64

Transparent Proxy for Secure E-Mail  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper deals with the security of e-mail messages and e-mail server implementation by means of a transparent SMTP proxy. The security features include encryption and signing of transported messages. The goal is to design and implement a software proxy for secure e-mail including its monitoring, administration, encryption and signing keys administration. In particular, we focus on automatic public key on-the-fly encryption and signing of e-mail messages according to S/MIME standard by means of an embedded computer system whose function can be briefly described as a brouter with transparent SMTP proxy.

Michalák, Juraj; Hudec, Ladislav

2010-05-01

65

Electronic Mail Competitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The use of electronic mail in learning is discussed, with the emphasis on the results of recent experience gained in Lithuania\\u000a over the last several years. The public competition using electronic mail and about electronic mail was chosen as an attractive\\u000a and self-motivating feature. The e-mail competitions take place since 1999 one time per year. In order to make competition

Valentina Dagiene; Gintautas Grigas

2003-01-01

66

E-Mail Privacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between electronic mail (E-mail) and employee privacy rights. Two current course cases involving the privacy issue are summarized; the Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 is explained; proposed legislation is discussed; and suggestions for employee E-mail privacy that can help avoid possible litigation are…

Shieh, Jackie; Ballard, Rhea A-L

1994-01-01

67

E-Mail Jitters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The privacy aspect of e-mail is a touchy subject. "Erased" computer files can easily be restored with simple software. Some public agencies are required to retain backup files on computer data and information. E-mail might also be subject to freedom-of-information access, depending how a "record" or "document" is defined. Also, e-mail exchanges…

Splitt, David A.

1996-01-01

68

HushMail  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hush Communications recently unveiled HushMail, the Web's first free email client with 1,024-bit encryption. This email service uses a Java applet to encrypt and decrypt messages sent between users with HushMail accounts. The developers of HushMail call this process a "public key cryptosystem with roaming user capability." HushMail offers the ease of use of Web-based email while providing the security and privacy not available with other free email services. HushMail even allows users to create secure, anonymous accounts.

1999-01-01

69

Bioinspired tilt-angle fabricated structure gradient fibers: micro-drops fast transport in a long-distance  

PubMed Central

Issues of surfaces, e.g., inspired from beetle's back, spider silk, cactus stem, etc., become the active area of research on designing novel materials in need of human beings to acquire fresh water resource from air. However, the design of materials on surface structure is little achieved on controlling of micro-scale drop transport in a long distance. Here, we report the ability of micro-drop transport in a long distance on a bioinspired Fibers with Gradient Spindle-knots (BFGS), which are fabricated by tilt angle dip-coating method. The micro-drop of ~0.25??L transports in distance of ~5.00?mm, with velocity of 0.10–0.22?m s?1 on BFGS. It is attributed to the multi-level cooperation of the release energy of drop coalescence along the gradient spindle-knots, in addition to capillary adhesion force and continuous difference of Laplace pressure, accordingly, water drops are driven to move fast directionally in a long distance on BFGS. PMID:24113433

Chen, Yuan; Wang, Lin; Xue, Yan; Jiang, Lei; Zheng, Yongmei

2013-01-01

70

Interaction between Long-Distance Transport Factor and Hsp70-Related Movement Protein of Beet Yellows Virus  

PubMed Central

Systemic spread of viruses in plants involves local movement from cell to cell and long-distance transport through the vascular system. The cell-to-cell movement of the Beet yellows virus (BYV) is mediated by a movement protein that is an Hsp70 homolog (Hsp70h). This protein is required for the assembly of movement-competent virions that incorporate Hsp70h. By using the yeast two-hybrid system, in vitro coimmunoprecipitation, and in planta coexpression approaches, we show here that the Hsp70h interacts with a 20-kDa BYV protein (p20). We further demonstrate that p20 is associated with the virions presumably via binding to Hsp70h. Genetic and immunochemical analyses indicate that p20 is dispensable for assembly and cell-to-cell movement of BYV but is required for the long-distance transport of virus through the phloem. These results reveal a novel activity for the Hsp70h that provides a molecular link between the local and systemic spread of a plant virus by docking a long-distance transport factor to virions. PMID:12368343

Prokhnevsky, Alexey I.; Peremyslov, Valera V.; Napuli, Alberto J.; Dolja, Valerian V.

2002-01-01

71

Two viral kinases are required for sustained long-distance axon transport of a neuroinvasive herpesvirus  

PubMed Central

Axonal transport is essential for the successful establishment of neuroinvasive herpesvirus infections in peripheral ganglia (retrograde transport), and the subsequent spread to exposed body surfaces following reactivation from latency (anterograde transport). We examined two components of pseudorabies virus (US3 and UL13), both of which are protein kinases, as potential regulators of axon transport. Following replication of mutant viruses lacking kinase activity, newly assembled capsids displayed an increase in retrograde motion that prevented efficient delivery of capsids to the distal axon. The aberrant increase in retrograde motion was accompanied by loss of a viral membrane marker from the transported capsids, indicating that the viral kinases allow for efficient anterograde transport by stabilizing membrane-capsid interactions during the long transit from the neuron cell body to the distal axon. PMID:18564370

Coller, Kelly E.; Smith, Gregory A.

2010-01-01

72

A circulatory system and method of slurry delivery in long-distance pipeline transportation of iron ore  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Long-distance pipeline transportation of iron ore is a very good method to solve the iron ore delivering outside, and also suitable for the western complicated terrain and convenient traffic. Before the pipeline transporting the slurry, you need a low concentration of slurry (slurry concentration of less than 68%) that is concentrated and then transport to the mixing tank to mix uniformly. There will be a small amount of selected birth to mine in the upper reaches of the production process, which resulting concentration of slurry concentrated pool is low, and thus it can not meet the requirements that we have set concentration of slurry concentration, so the slurry can not be sent to the mixing tank, and the production is affected ultimately. Therefore, this paper presents a method of circulatory system and slurry delivery to solve such problems. It has been proved in practice that the system effectively improve the production and generalization efficiently.

Li, Youling; Wang, Hua

2011-10-01

73

Transport Equation Based Wall Distance Computations Aimed at Flows With Time-Dependent Geometry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Eikonal, Hamilton-Jacobi and Poisson equations can be used for economical nearest wall distance computation and modification. Economical computations may be especially useful for aeroelastic and adaptive grid problems for which the grid deforms, and the nearest wall distance needs to be repeatedly computed. Modifications are directed at remedying turbulence model defects. For complex grid structures, implementation of the Eikonal and Hamilton-Jacobi approaches is not straightforward. This prohibits their use in industrial CFD solvers. However, both the Eikonal and Hamilton-Jacobi equations can be written in advection and advection-diffusion forms, respectively. These, like the Poisson's Laplacian, are commonly occurring industrial CFD solver elements. Use of the NASA CFL3D code to solve the Eikonal and Hamilton-Jacobi equations in advective-based forms is explored. The advection-based distance equations are found to have robust convergence. Geometries studied include single and two element airfoils, wing body and double delta configurations along with a complex electronics system. It is shown that for Eikonal accuracy, upwind metric differences are required. The Poisson approach is found effective and, since it does not require offset metric evaluations, easiest to implement. The sensitivity of flow solutions to wall distance assumptions is explored. Generally, results are not greatly affected by wall distance traits.

Tucker, Paul G.; Rumsey, Christopher L.; Bartels, Robert E.; Biedron, Robert T.

2003-01-01

74

Transport Equation Based Wall Distance Computations Aimed at Flows With Time-Dependent Geometry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Eikonal, Hamilton-Jacobi and Poisson equations can be used for economical nearest wall distance computation and modification. Economical computations may be especially useful for aeroelastic and adaptive grid problems for which the grid deforms, and the nearest wall distance needs to be repeatedly computed. Modifications are directed at remedying turbulence model defects. For complex grid structures, implementation of the Eikonal and Hamilton-Jacobi approaches is not straightforward. This prohibits their use in industrial CFD solvers. However, both the Eikonal and Hamilton-Jacobi equations can be written in advection and advection-diffusion forms, respectively. These, like the Poisson s Laplacian, are commonly occurring industrial CFD solver elements. Use of the NASA CFL3D code to solve the Eikonal and Hamilton-Jacobi equations in advective-based forms is explored. The advection-based distance equations are found to have robust convergence. Geometries studied include single and two element airfoils, wing body and double delta configurations along with a complex electronics system. It is shown that for Eikonal accuracy, upwind metric differences are required. The Poisson approach is found effective and, since it does not require offset metric evaluations, easiest to implement. The sensitivity of flow solutions to wall distance assumptions is explored. Generally, results are not greatly affected by wall distance traits.

Tucker, Paul G.; Rumsey, Christopher L.; Bartels, Robert E.; Biedron, Robert T.

2003-01-01

75

How scientific evidence is used in Australia to inform public policy on the long distance transportation of animals.  

PubMed

Most Australian livestock are transported at some stage in their lives and the attendant risks must be managed. Like other countries, Australia has location-specific challenges for the land transport of animals that derive from general geography and history, quality of the road and rail systems, design of vehicles and handling facilities, competency and experience of drivers and livestock handlers, and pre- and post-journey management of animals. Australia is a large and sparsely populated country and requires a risk-based approach which builds on equivalent outcomes and performance criteria to ensure good welfare for animals during long distance transport. There are shared responsibilities by owners and service providers along the transport chain. Governments work closely with livestock industries, transporters, stock agents, sale yard operators, abattoir owners, feedlot owners and animal welfare organisations to develop and then apply sustainable animal welfare standards and appropriate regulations. The Australian Animal Welfare Strategy sets out a broad and inclusive forum for this to occur in a consultative and cooperative manner and with the necessary input from science. Animal welfare is protected through a combination of codes of practice, appropriate transport standards, industry quality assurance programmes and the enforcement of laws and regulations. PMID:20405417

Thornber, Peter M; Adams, David B

2008-01-01

76

Moving from U.S. Mail to E-Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing use of computer technology for sending and receiving electronic mail messages not only signifies changes in how we communicate, but also signals changes in the skills, knowledge, and practices associated with communication by mail. Some of the characteristics of electronic mail (e-mail) are considered. E-mail refers to the capacity…

Ruberg, Laurie F.; Miller, Mary G.

77

Knockdown of a Rice Stelar Nitrate Transporter Alters Long-Distance Translocation But Not Root Influx1[W][OA  

PubMed Central

Root nitrate uptake is well known to adjust to the plant’s nitrogen demand for growth. Long-distance transport and/or root storage pools are thought to provide negative feedback signals regulating root uptake. We have characterized a vascular specific nitrate transporter belonging to the high-affinity Nitrate Transporter2 (NRT2) family, OsNRT2.3a, in rice (Oryza sativa ssp. japonica ‘Nipponbare’). Localization analyses using protoplast expression, in planta promoter-?-glucuronidase assay, and in situ hybridization showed that OsNRT2.3a was located in the plasma membrane and mainly expressed in xylem parenchyma cells of the stele of nitrate-supplied roots. Knockdown expression of OsNRT2.3a by RNA interference (RNAi) had impaired xylem loading of nitrate and decreased plant growth at low (0.5 mm) nitrate supply. In comparison with the wild type, the RNAi lines contained both nitrate and total nitrogen significantly higher in the roots and lower in the shoots. The short-term [15N]NO3? influx (5 min) in entire roots and NO3? fluxes in root surfaces showed that the knockdown of OsNRT2.3a in comparison with the wild type did not affect nitrate uptake by roots. The RNAi plants showed no significant changes in the expression of some root nitrate transporters (OsNRT2.3b, OsNRT2.4, and OsNAR2.1), but transcripts for nia1 (nitrate reductase) had increased and OsNRT2.1 and OsNRT2.2 had decreased when the plants were supplied with nitrate. Taken together, the data demonstrate that OsNRT2.3a plays a key role in long-distance nitrate transport from root to shoot at low nitrate supply level in rice. PMID:23093362

Tang, Zhong; Fan, Xiaorong; Li, Qing; Feng, Huimin; Miller, Anthony J.; Shen, Qirong; Xu, Guohua

2012-01-01

78

Assessing recycling versus incineration of key materials in municipal waste: The importance of efficient energy recovery and transport distances  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We model the environmental impact of recycling and incineration of household waste. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Recycling of paper, glass, steel and aluminium is better than incineration. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Recycling and incineration of cardboard and plastic can be equally good alternatives. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Recyclables can be transported long distances and still have environmental benefits. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Paper has a higher environmental benefit than recyclables found in smaller amounts. - Abstract: Recycling of materials from municipal solid waste is commonly considered to be superior to any other waste treatment alternative. For the material fractions with a significant energy content this might not be the case if the treatment alternative is a waste-to-energy plant with high energy recovery rates. The environmental impacts from recycling and from incineration of six material fractions in household waste have been compared through life cycle assessment assuming high-performance technologies for material recycling as well as for waste incineration. The results showed that there are environmental benefits when recycling paper, glass, steel and aluminium instead of incinerating it. For cardboard and plastic the results were more unclear, depending on the level of energy recovery at the incineration plant, the system boundaries chosen and which impact category was in focus. Further, the environmental impact potentials from collection, pre-treatment and transport was compared to the environmental benefit from recycling and this showed that with the right means of transport, recyclables can in most cases be transported long distances. However, the results also showed that recycling of some of the material fractions can only contribute marginally in improving the overall waste management system taking into consideration their limited content in average Danish household waste.

Merrild, Hanna [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Miljoevej, Building 113, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Larsen, Anna W., E-mail: awla@env.dtu.dk [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Miljoevej, Building 113, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Christensen, Thomas H. [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Miljoevej, Building 113, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark)

2012-05-15

79

504 Plant Disease / Vol. 98 No. 4 Monitoring the Long-Distance Transport of Fusarium graminearum  

E-print Network

of tobacco blue mold (4), Phakopsora pachyrhizi, causal agent of Asian soybean rust (4,21), and Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici, causal agent of wheat stem rust (40). The atmospheric transport of plant pathogens followed a nonsusceptible host (soybeans). Reduced-till or no-till systems are expected to result

Ross, Shane

80

Effects of long distance transportation and CO2 stunning on critical blood values in pigs.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of two stressful stimuli, long transportation and 80% CO(2) stunning on metabolic-physiological variables, hemodynamic and gas exchange in slaughter pigs imported from the U.S. to Mexico City with a journey time of 27 h, with 8 h of lairage at the abattoir. A total of 589 pigs from three genders were monitored. Overall results show that both stimuli caused metabolic and physiological disturbance. Gilts were more efficient in controlling glycemia after a long transport journey (24h), than castrated males (P<0.05), whose glucose was increased above the 30 mg/dL basal level. Females on arrival had 23mg/dL more lactate compared to basal levels (P<0.05). Stunning caused more physiological effects compared to transportation. Regarding the gender factor, females and entire males were more susceptible to transport stress and stunning compared to the castrated pigs, and entire males showed more complications restoring the gas exchange compared to females and barrows. PMID:22155113

Mota-Rojas, D; Becerril-Herrera, M; Roldan-Santiago, P; Alonso-Spilsbury, M; Flores-Peinado, S; Ramírez-Necoechea, R; Ramírez-Telles, J A; Mora-Medina, P; Pérez, M; Molina, E; Soní, E; Trujillo-Ortega, M E

2012-04-01

81

Distance Education: When Distance Is an Issue. Technology Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance education occurs when distance and/or time prevents the learner and instructor from meeting face to face. Ways of providing distance learning opportunities include traditional materials by mail (print materials, audio and video support materials, audio and video lectures) and electronic materials (faxed information, telephone, electronic…

Epstein, Margarete

82

The effect of short distance transport under commercial conditions on the physiology of slaughter calves; pH and colour profiles of veal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to examine the effect of the position of calves on the truck (back or front compartment) and other aspects of short distance transport on the welfare of cattle and meat quality parameters. A total of 158 Dutch Fresian calves, aged 28 weeks, were followed during 17 transports from 12 different farms to the slaughterhouse.

F. Verjans; R. Geers

2003-01-01

83

Effects of distance moved during loading and floor space on the trailer during transport on losses of market weight pigs on arrival at the packing plant1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effects of distance moved during load- ing and floor space on the trailer during transport on the incidence of transport losses (dead and nonambulatory pigs) on arrival at the packing plant were evaluated in a study involving 42 loads of pigs (average BW = 131.2 kg, SD 5.05). A split-plot design was used with a 2 × 6 factorial arrangement

M. J. Ritter; M. Ellis; C. R. Bertelsen; R. Bowman; J. Brinkmann; J. M. DeDecker; K. K. Keffaber; C. M. Murphy; B. A. Peterson; J. M. Schlipf; B. F. Wolter

84

Assessing recycling versus incineration of key materials in municipal waste: The importance of efficient energy recovery and transport distances.  

PubMed

Recycling of materials from municipal solid waste is commonly considered to be superior to any other waste treatment alternative. For the material fractions with a significant energy content this might not be the case if the treatment alternative is a waste-to-energy plant with high energy recovery rates. The environmental impacts from recycling and from incineration of six material fractions in household waste have been compared through life cycle assessment assuming high-performance technologies for material recycling as well as for waste incineration. The results showed that there are environmental benefits when recycling paper, glass, steel and aluminium instead of incinerating it. For cardboard and plastic the results were more unclear, depending on the level of energy recovery at the incineration plant, the system boundaries chosen and which impact category was in focus. Further, the environmental impact potentials from collection, pre-treatment and transport was compared to the environmental benefit from recycling and this showed that with the right means of transport, recyclables can in most cases be transported long distances. However, the results also showed that recycling of some of the material fractions can only contribute marginally in improving the overall waste management system taking into consideration their limited content in average Danish household waste. PMID:22265239

Merrild, Hanna; Larsen, Anna W; Christensen, Thomas H

2012-05-01

85

The long distance transport (LDT) of Ambrosia pollen from the Pannonian Plain to Scandinavia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ragweed (Ambrosia spp.) pollen grains are important aeroallergens that cause seasonal allergic rhinitis and asthma to sensitive individuals. This study describes the conditions required for the LDT of ragweed pollen from the Pannonian Plain (PP) to Sweden on the 27- 28 August 2011, using a combination of daily and bi-hourly pollen count data, the overall synoptic weather situation, 3D analysis of the regional scale orography using Digital Elevation Models, surface meteorological data, satellite observations, and air mas trajectories calculated using the HYSPLIT model. During the episode, high pressure (1024-1028 hPa) situated over European Russia and the Black Sea to the east and deep low pressure (~990 hPa) over the British Isles in the northwest resulted in a general southeast-northwest movement of air, and the occurrence of the jet-effect Kosava wind in the PP. This dry and gusty wind caused ragweed pollen release on the PP and pollen to be transported to the northwest. A foehn wind that governs air movement down leeward slopes into the PP was also active. The 24 and 25 August 2011 were very hot and caused large amounts of ragweed pollen to be released and taken high up in the atmosphere through convection. Such conditions also resulted in high Planetary Boundary Layers over the entire area, conditions that facilitated the transport of pollen over areas of low elevation on the Western Carpathians (i.e. the Moravian Gate or Low Baskid passes) northward into Poland and beyond.

Šikoparija, B..; Skjøth, C. A.; Alm Kübler, K.; Dahl, A.; Radiši?, P.; Sommer, J.; Grewling, ?.; Smith, M.

2012-04-01

86

Monitoring and Predicting the Long Distance Transport of Fusarium graminearum, Causal Agent of Fusarium Head Blight in Wheat and Barley  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fusarium head blight (FHB), caused by Fusarium graminearum , is a serious disease of wheat and barley that has caused several billion dollars in crop losses over the last decade in the United States. Spores of F. graminearum are released from corn and small grain residues left-over from the previous growing season and are transported long distances in the atmosphere before being deposited. Current risk assessment tools consider environmental conditions favorable for disease development, but do not include spore transport. Long distance transport models have been proposed for a number of plant pathogens, but many of these models have not been experimentally validated. In order to predict the atmospheric transport of F. graminearum, the potential source strength ( Qpot) of inoculum must be known. We conducted a series of laboratory and field experiments to estimate Qpot from a field-scale source of inoculum of F. graminearum. Perithecia were generated on artificial (carrot agar) and natural (corn stalk) substrates. Artificial substrate (carrot agar) produced 15+/-0.4 perithecia cm-2, and natural substrate (corn stalk) produced 44+/-2 perithecia cm-2. Individual perithecia were excised from both substrate types and allowed to release ascospores every 24 hours. Perithecia generated from artificial (carrot agar) and natural (corn stalk) substrates released a mean of 104+/-5 and 276+/-16 ascospores, respectively. A volumetric spore trap was placed inside a 3,716 m2 clonal source of inoculum in 2011 and 2012. Results indicated that ascospores were released under field conditions predominantly (>90%) during the night (1900 to 0700 hours). Estimates of Qpot for our field-scale sources of inoculum were approximately 4 billion ascospores per 3,716 m 2. Release-recapture studies were conducted from a clonal field-scale source of F. graminearum in 2011 and 2012. Microsatellites were used to identify the released clone of F. graminearum at distances up to 1 km from the source. Dispersal kernels for field observations were compared to results predicted by a Gaussian dispersal-based spore transport model. In 2011 and 2012, dispersal kernel shape coefficients were similar for both results observed in the field and predicted by the model, with both being dictated by a power law function, indicating that turbulence was the dominant transport factor on the scale we studied (˜ 1 km). Model predictions had a stronger correlation with the number of spores being released when using a time varying q0 emission rate (r= 0.92 in 2011 and r= 0.84 in 2012) than an identical daily pattern q0 emission rate (r= 0.35 in 2011 and r= 0.32 in 2012). The actual numbers of spores deposited were 3 and 2000 times lower than predicted if Qpot were equal to the actual number of spores released in 2011 and 2012, respectively. Future work should address estimating the actual number of spore released from an inoculated field during any given season, to improve prediction accuracy of the model. This work should assist in improving current risk assessment tools for FHB and contribute to the development of early warning systems for the spread of F. graminearum.

Prussin, Aaron Justin, II

87

MailFred  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The MailFred application lets users temporarily archive and set reminders for Gmail, which can be quite handy. Visitors can use the program to get trip information reminders, notes on project management, and follow-up reminders for emails from clients or leads. This version is compatible with all computers utilizing Google Chrome.

Koelman, Manuel

2013-01-01

88

Evaluation by Electronic Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For 3 years, the Diagnostic and Evaluative Procedures course of an education college was offered by electronic mail as well as by a more traditional "chalk and talk" approach, enabling a comparison of the two approaches. In the electronic setting, papers were submitted and questions asked and answered electronically. In the traditional class,…

Suter, W. Newton; Perry, Melanie K.

89

EmoteMail  

Microsoft Academic Search

Email has become a central communication channel for private and professional exchange. Its format remains equally neutral regardless of the relation to the recipient. While writing remains an excellent vehicle to communicate tone and emotion, this can sometimes be a painstaking and tedious process, and requires considerable skill.EmoteMail is an email client that is augmented to convey aspects of the

Jussi Ängeslevä; Carson Reynolds; Sile O'Modhrain

2004-01-01

90

Is Direct Mail Dead?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Varied approaches taken to bringing vitality to direct mail fundraising campaigns are described for 10 institutions: Northern Arizona University, Georgetown University (District of Columbia); Miami University (Ohio), Kansas University, Pennsylvania State University, St. Ignatius High School (Ohio); Metropolitan State University (Minnesota),…

Hauk, Jeff; Burdenski, Robert A.

1998-01-01

91

The Shortlist Method for Fast Computation of the Earth Mover's Distance and Finding Optimal Solutions to Transportation Problems.  

PubMed

Finding solutions to the classical transportation problem is of great importance, since this optimization problem arises in many engineering and computer science applications. Especially the Earth Mover's Distance is used in a plethora of applications ranging from content-based image retrieval, shape matching, fingerprint recognition, object tracking and phishing web page detection to computing color differences in linguistics and biology. Our starting point is the well-known revised simplex algorithm, which iteratively improves a feasible solution to optimality. The Shortlist Method that we propose substantially reduces the number of candidates inspected for improving the solution, while at the same time balancing the number of pivots required. Tests on simulated benchmarks demonstrate a considerable reduction in computation time for the new method as compared to the usual revised simplex algorithm implemented with state-of-the-art initialization and pivot strategies. As a consequence, the Shortlist Method facilitates the computation of large scale transportation problems in viable time. In addition we describe a novel method for finding an initial feasible solution which we coin Modified Russell's Method. PMID:25310106

Gottschlich, Carsten; Schuhmacher, Dominic

2014-01-01

92

The Shortlist Method for Fast Computation of the Earth Mover's Distance and Finding Optimal Solutions to Transportation Problems  

PubMed Central

Finding solutions to the classical transportation problem is of great importance, since this optimization problem arises in many engineering and computer science applications. Especially the Earth Mover's Distance is used in a plethora of applications ranging from content-based image retrieval, shape matching, fingerprint recognition, object tracking and phishing web page detection to computing color differences in linguistics and biology. Our starting point is the well-known revised simplex algorithm, which iteratively improves a feasible solution to optimality. The Shortlist Method that we propose substantially reduces the number of candidates inspected for improving the solution, while at the same time balancing the number of pivots required. Tests on simulated benchmarks demonstrate a considerable reduction in computation time for the new method as compared to the usual revised simplex algorithm implemented with state-of-the-art initialization and pivot strategies. As a consequence, the Shortlist Method facilitates the computation of large scale transportation problems in viable time. In addition we describe a novel method for finding an initial feasible solution which we coin Modified Russell's Method. PMID:25310106

Gottschlich, Carsten; Schuhmacher, Dominic

2014-01-01

93

Going the Distance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixty years ago, distance education probably involved a pen, paper, and secretarial classes conducted via snail mail. Today, students in ever-increasing numbers are more likely to link to the Internet to learn how to conjugate French verbs or dissect frogs in Advanced Placement courses, according to a new landmark study from the U. S. Department…

Barack, Lauren

2005-01-01

94

76 FR 7114 - International Mail: Mailing Services Price Change  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...new prices. First-Class Mail International The overall price increase for First-Class Mail International[reg] is approximately 5.1...Subjects in 39 CFR Part 20 Foreign relations, International postal services....

2011-02-09

95

Marketing contraceptives by mail.  

PubMed

7 ads (3" x 2") for information on nonprescription mail-order contraceptives were run in 51 college newspapters. Ads with specific product offerings, apparently directed to males and including offers of birth control literature, drew the most inquiries. Inquiries were also higher from ads placed in papers with larger circulations, and in rural areas. There were no discernible objections from the audience, and no difficulties were encountered in placing copy. About 207 of the inquiries resulted in orders. PMID:12276312

Farley, J U; Harvey, P D

1972-10-01

96

Estimation of transport distance of fine particulate organic matter in relation to channel morphology in tailwaters of the Lake Biwa and reservoir dams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge on transport and deposition of fine particulate organic matter (FPOM) from reservoir dams is increasingly required\\u000a for habitat management and restoration of dam tailwater ecosystems. Variations in the transport distance of FPOM, however,\\u000a have never been studied well, particularly in relation to channel morphology, due to channel size restrictions of artificial\\u000a tracers such as corn pollen when applied to

Giyoung Ock; Yasuhiro Takemon

2010-01-01

97

Effects of transportation time, distance, stocking density, temperature and lairage time on incidences of pale soft exudative (PSE) and the physico-chemical characteristics of pork.  

PubMed

The study determined the effects of transportation time, distance, stocking density, temperature and lairage time on incidences of PSE and pork quality. Frequencies of PSE cases in stocking density categories within transport duration classes were determined. General linear models, regression and the principal component (PC) analysis were used to analyse the data. Highest incidences of PSE were recorded in autumn season while lowest incidences were recorded in the spring season. Transportation time and stocking density significantly affected pHu and ultimately PSE incidences although there were no interactive effects. Highest risks of PSE occurrence were observed with more space allowance. The highest incidences of PSE were observed for animals that had travelled for two hours while the PSE cases were lower in animals that travelled for longer times. Distance travelled and transportation time had significant effects (P<0.05) on thawing loss (TL) % of pork. No relationships were reported between the other pre-slaughter variables and pork quality attributes. With the exception of transportation time and distance travelled which had a positive relationship with TL%, variation in other pre-slaughter variables did not affect meat quality variables. The risks of PSE occurrence were dependent on stocking density and transportation time. PMID:23793088

Gajana, C S; Nkukwana, T T; Marume, U; Muchenje, V

2013-11-01

98

76 FR 16460 - Mail Classification Change for Priority Mail Flat Mail  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP2011-63; Order No. 697] Mail Classification Change for Priority... Proposed Mail Classification Schedule language...to the proposed classification changes to enable...this notice and order in the Federal...

2011-03-23

99

Evaluating Your Campus Mail Center Security.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes five strategies to consider when evaluating the security of a campus mail center: mail center efficiency, electronic tracking, identifying dangerous mail, training, and continuity planning. (EV)

Weiner, Mitchell D.

2003-01-01

100

Roles of organic acids and nitrate in the long-distance transport of cobalt in xylem saps of Alyssum murale and Trifolium subterraneum.  

PubMed

Roles of organic acids and nitrate in the long-distance transport of cobalt (Co) in xylem saps of hyperaccumulator Alyssum murale and non-hyperaccumulator Trifolium subterraneum were studied under hydroponic conditions. Organic acids (oxalic, malic, malonic, citric, and fumaric) and nitrate in xylem sap samples were separated and determined simultaneously by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography after solid-phase extraction with nanosized hydroxyapatite. Results indicated that Co treatment significantly increased the concentrations of xylem oxalic and malic acids for the hyperaccumulator A. murale compared to the control but significantly decreased the concentrations of xylem nitrate and malonic acid; concentrations of citric acid in xylem sap samples did not show significant difference between the control and Co treatments. By analyzing the relationship between the concentrations of organic acids, nitrate, and concentrations of Co in xylem saps, it could be concluded that oxalic and malic acids in xylem saps seemed to participate in the long-distance Co translocation process, and citric acid did not relate to the xylem Co transport of A. murale and T. subterraneum. Our work might be very useful for understanding the mechanism of long-distance transport of heavy metals in hyperaccumulator. PMID:19300916

Wei, Wei; Wang, Yu; Wei, Zheng-Gui; Zhao, Hai-Yan; Li, Hui-Xin; Hu, Feng

2009-11-01

101

The History of Distance Education in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia's large distances and widely distributed population has meant that distance education has been an important part of its history. From the earliest provision of schooling by mail through a series of correspondence schools, both state and federal governments have provided a sound infrastructure to support distance education. Innovative…

Stacey, Elizabeth

2005-01-01

102

GPS-measured distance to clinic, but not self-reported transportation factors, are associated with missed HIV clinic visits in rural Uganda  

PubMed Central

Objective Studies of the association between transportation barriers and HIV-related health outcomes have shown both positive and negative effects, possibly because a reliable, validated measure of transportation barriers has not been identified. Design Prospective cohort study of HIV-infected patients in rural Uganda. Methods Participants were enrolled from the HIV clinic at the regional referral hospital in Mbarara, Uganda as part of the Uganda AIDS Rural Treatment Outcomes (UARTO) Study. We collected the following measures of transportation barriers to HIV clinic: global positioning systems (GPS)-tracked distance measured by driving participants to their homes along their typical route; straight-line GPS distance from clinic to home, calculated with the Great Circle Formula; self-reported travel time; and self-reported travel cost. We assessed inter-measure agreement using linear regression, correlation coefficients and ? statistics (by measure quartile) and validated measures by fitting linear regression models to estimate associations with days late for clinic visits. Results One hundred and eighty-eight participants were tracked with GPS. Seventy-six percent were women, with a median age of 40 years and median CD4 cell count of 193 cells/?l. We found a high correlation between GPS-based distance measures (? = 0.74, P < 0.001, R2 = 0.92, k = 0.73), but little correlation between GPS-based and self-reported measures (all R2 ? 0.4). GPS-based measures were associated with days late to clinic (P < 0.001); but neither self-reported measure was associated (P > 0.85). Conclusion GPS-measured distance to clinic is associated with HIV clinic absenteeism and should be prioritized over self-reported measures to optimally risk-stratify patients accessing care in rural, resource-limited settings. PMID:23435294

Siedner, Mark J.; Lankowski, Alexander; Tsai, Alexander C.; Muzoora, Conrad; Martin, Jeffrey N.; Hunt, Peter W.; Haberer, Jessica E.; Bangsberg, David R.

2013-01-01

103

Privacy-enhanced electronic mail  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The security of electronic mail sent through the Internet may be described in exactly three words: there is none. The Privacy and Security Research Group has recommended implementing mechanisms designed to provide security enhancements. The first set of mechanisms provides a protocol to provide privacy, integrity, and authentication for electronic mail; the second provides a certificate-based key management infrastructure to support key distribution throughout the internet, to support the first set of mechanisms. These mechanisms are described, as well as the reasons behind their selection and how these mechanisms can be used to provide some measure of security in the exchange of electronic mail.

Bishop, Matt

1990-06-01

104

Using E-mail for Personal Relationships: The Difference Gender Makes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Do the gender differences found when men and women,maintain personal relationships in person and on the phone also emerge when they use electronic mail? Alternately, does email changes these ways of interacting? We explore the types of relationshipswomen and men maintain by e-mail, differences in their e-mail use locally and at a distance, and differences in the contents of

Bonka Boneva; Robert Kraut; David Frohlich

2001-01-01

105

MAILING ADDRESS Old Dominion University  

E-print Network

MAILING ADDRESS Old Dominion University Department of Procurement Services 4401 Powhatan Ave;Virginia Business Opportunities >>> Old Dominion University utilizes eVA, the Commonwealth's e, efficient, cost- effective procurement of goods, services and construction for ODU. Old Dominion University

106

Business Agreements Printing & Mail Services  

E-print Network

Business Agreements Storehouse Printing & Mail Services Receiving Equipment Management Director Planning/ Resource Planning Space ManagementAccounting Services Student Business Services Education Administration Finance and Business Operations Organization Risk Management Finance & Business Operations

107

Mail LOG: Program operating instructions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The operating instructions for the software package, MAIL LOG, developed for the Scout Project Automatic Data System, SPADS, are provided. The program is written in FORTRAN for the PRIME 300 computer system. The MAIL LOG program has the following four modes of operation: (1) INPUT - putting new records into the data base (2) REVISE - changing or modifying existing records in the data base (3) SEARCH - finding special records existing in the data base (4) ARCHIVE - store or put away existing records in the data base. The output includes special printouts of records in the data base and results from the INPUT and SEARCH modes. The MAIL LOG data base consists of three main subfiles: Incoming and outgoing mail correspondence; Design Information Releases and Releases and Reports; and Drawings and Engineering orders.

Harris, D. K.

1979-01-01

108

77 FR 71643 - Standard Mail Pricing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Mail Classification Schedule Changes (MCS) V. Administrative Actions I. Background...Mail Classification Schedule Changes (MCS) In conformance with 39 CFR 3010.14...identifies changes to the Standard Mail Flats MCS. Attachment A to the Response...

2012-12-03

109

7 CFR 352.11 - Mail.  

...QUARANTINE SAFEGUARD REGULATIONS § 352.11 Mail. (a) Transit mail. (1) Plants, plant products, plant pests, noxious weeds, and soil which arrive in the United States in closed dispatches by international mail or international parcel post...

2014-01-01

110

Expression of Sucrose Transporter cDNAs Specifically in Companion Cells Enhances Phloem Loading and Long-Distance Transport of Sucrose but Leads to an Inhibition of Growth and the Perception of a Phosphate Limitation1[W][OPEN  

PubMed Central

Sucrose (Suc) is the predominant form of carbon transported through the phloem from source to sink organs and is also a prominent sugar for short-distance transport. In all streptophytes analyzed, Suc transporter genes (SUTs or SUCs) form small families, with different subgroups evolving distinct functions. To gain insight into their capacity for moving Suc in planta, representative members of each clade were first expressed specifically in companion cells of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and tested for their ability to rescue the phloem-loading defect caused by the Suc transporter mutation, Atsuc2-4. Sequence similarity was a poor indicator of ability: Several genes with high homology to AtSUC2, some of which have phloem-loading functions in other eudicot species, did not rescue the Atsuc2-4 mutation, whereas a more distantly related gene, ZmSUT1 from the monocot Zea mays, did restore phloem loading. Transporter complementary DNAs were also expressed in the companion cells of wild-type Arabidopsis, with the aim of increasing productivity by enhancing Suc transport to growing sink organs and reducing Suc-mediated feedback inhibition on photosynthesis. Although enhanced Suc loading and long-distance transport was achieved, growth was diminished. This growth inhibition was accompanied by increased expression of phosphate (P) starvation-induced genes and was reversed by providing a higher supply of external P. These experiments suggest that efforts to increase productivity by enhancing sugar transport may disrupt the carbon-to-P homeostasis. A model for how the plant perceives and responds to changes in the carbon-to-P balance is presented. PMID:24777345

Dasgupta, Kasturi; Khadilkar, Aswad S.; Sulpice, Ronan; Pant, Bikram; Scheible, Wolf-Rudiger; Fisahn, Joachim; Stitt, Mark; Ayre, Brian G.

2014-01-01

111

Quality of mass-reared codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) after long-distance transportation: 1. Logistics of shipping procedures and quality parameters as measured in the laboratory.  

PubMed

The sterile insect technique (SIT) is a proven effective control tactic against lepidopteran pests when applied in an areawide integrated pest management program. The construction of insect mass-rearing facilities requires considerable investment and moth control strategies that include the use of sterile insects could be made more cost-effective through the importation of sterile moths produced in other production centers. For codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), this is an attractive option because mating studies have confirmed the absence of mating barriers between codling moth populations from geographically different areas. To assess the feasibility of long-distance transportation of codling moths, pupae and adult moths were transported in 2004 from Canada to South Africa in four shipments by using normal commercial transport routes. The total transport time remained below 67 h in three of the consignments, but it was 89 h in the fourth consignment. Temperature in the shipping boxes was fairly constant and remained between -0.61 and 0.16 degrees C for 76.8-85.7% of the time. The data presented indicate that transporting codling moths as adults and pupae from Canada to South Africa had little effect on moth emergence, longevity, and ability to mate, as assessed in the laboratory. These results provide support to the suggestion that the STT for codling moth in pome fruit production areas might be evaluated and implemented by the importation of irradiated moths from rearing facilities in a different country or hemisphere. PMID:21735898

Blomefield, T; Carpenter, J E; Vreysen, M J B

2011-06-01

112

Securing electronic mail: The risks and future of electronic mail  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The network explosion of the past decade has significantly affected how many of us conduct our day to day work. We increasingly rely on network services such as electronic mail, file transfer, and network newsgroups to collect and distribute information. Unfortunately, few of the network services in use today were designed with the security issues of large heterogeneous networks in mind. In particular, electronic mail, although heavily relied upon, is notoriously insecure. Messages can be forged, snooped, and even altered by users with only a moderate level of system proficiency. The level of trust that can be assigned at present to these services needs to be carefully considered. In the past few years, standards and tools have begun to appear addressing the security concerns of electronic mail. Principal among these are RFC's 1421, 1422, 1423, and 1424, which propose Internet standards in the areas of message encipherment, key management, and algorithms for privacy enhanced mail (PEM). Additionally, three PEM systems, offering varying levels of compliance with the PEM RFC's, have also recently emerged: PGP, RIPEM, and TIS/PEM. This paper addresses the motivations and requirements for more secure electronic mail, and evaluates the suitability of the currently available PEM systems.

Weeber, S. A.

1993-03-01

113

Effect of bovine lactoferrin on the immune responses of captive bottlenosed dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) being transported over long distances  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bovine lactoferrin was administered orally, in feed, to six bottlenosed dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) before they were transported for approximately six hours; their stress responses were compared with those of five untreated dolphins. During the journey the dolphins had an increased plasma concentration of cortisol, and lymphopenia, eosinopenia and mild neutrophilia, indicating a stress response. The administration of lactoferrin did not

K. Noda; M. Aoki; H. Akiyoshi; H. Asaki; T. Ogata; K. Yamauchi; T. Shimada; F. Ohashi

2006-01-01

114

The effects of different environmental conditions on thermoregulation and clinical and hematological variables in long-distance road-transported calves.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of long-distance road transport (19 h, from Poland to Italy) during 2 seasons (summer vs. winter) on clinical and hematological variables in calves. The environmental temperature range that could compromise the thermoregulation system (thermal stress) of the calves was tested. For the 7 Holstein calves in each transport, the BW and rectal temperature (RT) were measured, and blood samples were collected at the farm of origin, before loading at the transit center (T2), after unloading at the farm of destination (T3), and 1, 2, 3, and 4 d after arrival. The body temperature (BT) and heart rate (HR) were continuously monitored from T2 to T3. The data were statistically analyzed according to a mixed model that considered the fixed effects of transport (repeated measurements), season of journey, and their interaction. Within the observed temperature-humidity index (THI) range (30 to 80), effective thermoregulation allowed the calves to maintain their BT with small physiologic changes to prevent thermal stress, particularly in the summer. With no seasonal differences, the HR was greater at loading than unloading (120 vs. 115 beats per min; P = 0.012). As for the transport effect, the BW was less (P < 0.001) after unloading, and the RT was greater (P = 0.004). This effect was more marked in summer. The hematological variables indicated a moderate effect of transport on the hydration condition, reactive and muscular systems, and metabolism, although hematocrit (P = 0.004), erythrocytes, cortisol, NEFA, ?-hydroxybutyrate, lactate, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, and aspartate aminotransferase activity (P < 0.001), and total protein (P = 0.007) were greater after unloading. This was confirmed by a moderate decrease in total leukocytes (P = 0.031) and glucose concentration (P = 0.002). The changes in the clinical variables were similar for both seasons even though in the summer, hematocrit (P < 0.001), urea (P = 0.008), and total protein (P = 0.010) increased and glucose concentration (P = 0.038) decreased. In conclusion, the data did not show a pronounced effect attributable to the season of the journey. Long-distance road transport leads to notable changes in clinical and hematological variables at the end of the journey. However, these variables remained within their physiological ranges and returned to basal values within a few days after the journey. PMID:22100587

Bernardini, D; Gerardi, G; Peli, A; Nanni Costa, L; Amadori, M; Segato, S

2012-04-01

115

Business E-mail: Guidelines for Users.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents guidelines to help businesspeople and business students become more effective and efficient in the use of e-mail. Includes the authors' experiences as instructors in diverse business schools and corporate settings. Notes that the guidelines cover: recognizing the nature of e-mail; composing e-mail; and processing and managing e-mail. (SG)

Munter, Mary; Rogers, Priscilla S.; Rymer, Jone

2003-01-01

116

Apparent Decreases in Colloid Deposition Rate Coefficients with Distance of Transport under Unfavorable Deposition Conditions: A General Phenomenon  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transport of polystyrene microspheres of two different diameters (1.1-?m and 5.7-?m) was examined in packed glass beads (-?m) under a variety of environmentally relevant ionic strength and flow conditions. Numerical models accounting for advection, dispersion, attachment, and limited detachment were capable of simulating the observed breakthrough-elution data, but were incapable of simulating the observed profile of numbers of attached

Xiqing Li; Timothy D. Scheibe; William P. Johnson

2004-01-01

117

Effects of different lairage times after long distance transportation on carcass and meat quality characteristics of Hungarian Simmental bulls.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to determine the effects of three lairage times (24 h, 48 h and 72 h) on the meat quality of tame trained to lead Hungarian Simmental bulls subjected to long commercial transportation of approximately 1800 km. A total of 30 bulls, with an average age of 24 months, were used. During the lairage, bulls received 0.5 kg concentrate feed per animal per day and ad libitum access to the hay and water. As the lairage duration increased, the pH(ult) decreased (P<0.05). Bulls lairaged for 24 h had lower L*, b* and H* values than those lairaged for 48 h and 72 h (P<0.05). The effect of lairage time on WHC, cooking loss and Warner-Bratzler shear force values was not significant. The b* value was considered the best predictor of muscle pH(ult). In conclusion, 72 h quiet lairage time is recommended after transportation in order to prevent the adverse effects of transportation on meat quality. PMID:23916957

Teke, Bulent; Akdag, Filiz; Ekiz, Bulent; Ugurlu, Mustafa

2014-01-01

118

Long-distance charge transport in duplex DNA: The phonon-assisted polaron-like hopping mechanism  

PubMed Central

An anthraquinone-linked duplex DNA oligomer containing 60 base pairs was synthesized by PCR. The strand complementary to the quinone-containing strand has four isolated GG steps, which serve as traps for a migrating radical cation. Irradiation of the quinone leads to electron transfer from the DNA to the quinone forming the anthraquinone radical anion and a base radical cation. The radical cation migrates through the DNA, causing reaction at GG steps revealed as strand breaks. The efficiency of strand cleavage falls off exponentially with distance from the quinone (slope = ?0.02 ??1). This finding necessitates reinterpretation of mechanisms proposed for radical cation migration in DNA. We propose that radical cations form self-trapped polarons that migrate by thermally activated hopping. PMID:10411879

Henderson, Paul T.; Jones, Denise; Hampikian, Gregory; Kan, Yongzhi; Schuster, Gary B.

1999-01-01

119

SENDMAIL — An Internetwork Mail Router  

Microsoft Academic Search

Routing mail through a heterogenous internet presents many new problems. Among the worst of these is that of address mapping. Historically, this has been handled on an ad hoc basis. However, this approach has become unmanageable as internets grow. Sendmail acts a unified \\

Eric Allman

1985-01-01

120

() E-mail 2012 1  

E-print Network

- #12;6. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: (Describe in detail the experimental design and the procedures: Sex: Male Female Date of Birth: E-mail: Education (Begin with baccalaureate training and include ______________________ Description Unit Estimate cost Unit price Total Travel: Subtotal: NTD ______________________ Description Unit

Huang, Haimei

121

E-Mail: Write Protection?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A complex case involving a disgruntled ex-employee's invasion of a college president's e-mail system resulted in a decision granting two plaintiffs' motions for summary judgment. This was the first recorded education-related collision on the electronic superhighway. Every educational institution should have a policy and procedure regarding what…

Zirkel, Perry A.

1998-01-01

122

Provenancing of silcrete raw materials indicates long-distance transport to Tsodilo Hills, Botswana, during the Middle Stone Age.  

PubMed

Lithic artifacts from the African Middle Stone Age (MSA) offer an avenue to explore a range of human behaviors, including mobility, raw material acquisition, trade and exchange. However, to date, in southern Africa it has not been possible to provenance the locations from which commonly used stone materials were acquired prior to transport to archaeological sites. Here we present results of the first investigation to geochemically fingerprint silcrete, a material widely used for tool manufacture across the subcontinent. The study focuses on the provenancing of silcrete artifacts from the MSA of White Paintings Shelter (WPS), Tsodilo Hills, in the Kalahari Desert of northwest Botswana. Our results suggest that: (i) despite having access to local quartz and quartzite at Tsodilo Hills, MSA peoples chose to transport silcrete over 220 km to WPS from sites south of the Okavango Delta; (ii) these sites were preferred to silcrete sources much closer to Tsodilo Hills; (iii) the same source areas were repeatedly used for silcrete supply throughout the 3 m MSA sequence; (iv) during periods of colder, wetter climate, silcrete may have been sourced from unknown, more distant, sites. Our results offer a new provenancing approach for exploring prehistoric behavior at other sites where silcrete is present in the archaeological record. PMID:23453438

Nash, David J; Coulson, Sheila; Staurset, Sigrid; Ullyott, J Stewart; Babutsi, Mosarwa; Hopkinson, Laurence; Smith, Martin P

2013-04-01

123

You've Got Mail!: Understanding How E-Mail Works  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conceptually, e-mail is not a whole lot different from regular postal mail ("snail mail"), except that it is much faster. E-mail requires three things: (1) a personal computer; (2) a telephone or communication line; and (3) an Internet provider (e-mail service account). This article provides details on how it works--plus some research activities…

Roman, Harry T.

2007-01-01

124

Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is devoted to distance education. "The Future of Distance Teaching Universities in a Worldwide Perspectives" (John S. Daniel) examines challenges likely to face the various countries and regions of the world in the next decade. "An Australian University's Approach to Distance Education--Formal and Non-Formal" (Peter M. Grayson)…

ASPBAE Courier, 1984

1984-01-01

125

Outlook Y-JBI: An E-Mail Based Approach to Prototyping the Joint Battlespace Infosphere.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One approach for rapidly implementing a prototype Joint Battlespace Infosphere (YJBI) publish and subscribe (P&S) system is to leverage the existing e-mail transport infrastructure. E-mail has the advantage of being standardized, pervasive, robust, and sc...

R. E. Marmelstein

2001-01-01

126

PDF-Basics Mailing List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by PDFzone, a .pdf resource and news site, this new mailing list is designed as a "101 level" list, aimed to "address the needs of relative newcomers to Adobe Acrobat software and .pdf files." Discussion will be geared towards inexperienced users, and beginners may safely post more elementary questions than they might on other .pdf-centric lists. A digest version is available, and a searchable Web archive is planned for the future.

127

Long-distance transport of mRNA via parenchyma cells and phloem across the host-parasite junction in Cuscuta.  

PubMed

It has been shown that the parasitic plant dodder (Cuscuta pentagona) establishes a continuous vascular system through which water and nutrients are drawn. Along with solutes, viruses and proteins, mRNA transcripts are transported from the host to the parasite. The path of the transcripts and their stability in the parasite have yet to be revealed. To discover the route of mRNA transportation, the in situ reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique was used to locally amplify host transcript within parasitic tissue. The stability of host mRNA molecules was also checked by monitoring specific transcripts along the growing dodder thread. Four mRNAs, alpha and beta subunits of PYROPHOSPHATE (PPi)-DEPENDENT PHOSPHOFRUCTOKINASE (LePFP), the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCO), and GIBBERELLIC ACID INSENSITIVE (LeGAI), were found to move from host (tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)) to dodder. LePFP mRNA was localized to the dodder parenchyma cells and to the phloem. LePFP transcripts were found in the growing dodder stem up to 30 cm from the tomato-dodder connection. These results suggest that mRNA molecules are transferred from host to parasite via symplastic connections between parenchyma cells, move towards the phloem, and are stable for a long distance in the parasite. This may allow developmental coordination between the parasite and its host. PMID:18631294

David-Schwartz, Rakefet; Runo, Steven; Townsley, Brad; Machuka, Jesse; Sinha, Neelima

2008-01-01

128

Long-distance magma transport from arc volcanoes inferred from the submarine eruptive fissures offshore Izu-Oshima volcano, Izu-Bonin arc  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Long-distance lateral magma transport away from volcanic centers in island arcs is emerging as a common phenomenon where the regional stress regime is favorable. It should also be recognized as an important factor in the construction and growth of island arcs, and a potential trigger for devastating eruptions. In this contribution, we report on recent investigations into the magma dynamics of Izu-Oshima volcano, an active basaltic volcano with an extensive fissure system. Izu-Oshima is flanked by numerous, subparallel NW-SE trending submarine ridges extending up to 22 km to the NW and the SE from the central vent. During a recent submersible survey we have identified that these ridges are fissures which erupted basaltic spatter and lava flows. Furthermore, lavas are petrographically similar along each ridge, while there are noticeable differences between ridges. The subparallel ridges are observed to transect a series of seamounts - the Izu-Tobu monogenetic volcanoes - which are dispersed across this area of the rear-arc. However, there are consistent petrographic and chemical differences between these seamounts and the ridges, indicating that they have different magma sources, yet, they are essentially bounding each other in dive tracks. The most appropriate scenario for their development is one where the Izu-Tobu Volcanoes are fed by an “in-situ” underlying source, while the NW-SE ridges are fed by lateral magma transport from Izu-Oshima. Magma erupted from each ridge is of a consistent geochemistry along its length, but has experienced crystal fractionation and some plagioclase accumulation. Compositions of the ridges are also very similar to lavas from the subaerial cones that can be traced down the flanks of Izu-Oshima. This implies that pairs of subaerial cones and submarine ridges represent the locus of magma transport events away from the storage system beneath Izu-Oshima. Hence, magma from this crustal reservoir moved upward to feed the on-edifice cones, as well as laterally to supply submarine fissures and dykes to a distance of 22 km.

Ishizuka, Osamu; Geshi, Nobuo; Kawanabe, Yoshihisa; Ogitsu, Itaru; Taylor, Rex N.; Tuzino, Taqumi; Sakamoto, Izumi; Arai, Kohsaku; Nakano, Shun

2014-09-01

129

32 CFR 516.7 - Mailing addresses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION General § 516.7 Mailing addresses. Mailing addresses for organizations referenced in this...

2010-07-01

130

75 FR 47717 - Content of Periodicals Mail  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...POSTAL SERVICE\\TM\\ 39 CFR Part 111 Content of Periodicals Mail AGENCY: Postal Service...DMM[supreg]) 707.3, to update ``content requirements'' on materials eligible...INFORMATION: The final rule titled ``Content of Periodicals Mail'' published by...

2010-08-09

131

75 FR 41989 - Content of Periodicals Mail  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 Content of Periodicals Mail AGENCY: Postal Service...supreg]) 707.3, to update present ``content requirements'' on materials eligible...agreed to review the standards governing contents of Periodicals mail, and decided to...

2010-07-20

132

77 FR 28259 - Mailings of Lithium Batteries  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 Mailings of Lithium Batteries AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final...outbound international mailing of lithium batteries and devices containing lithium batteries. This prohibition also extends to the...

2012-05-14

133

75 FR 10529 - Mail Classification Change  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...MC2010-19; Order No. 415] Mail Classification Change AGENCY...Service of Minor Classification Change, February...Service states in order to maximize its...conforming Mail Classification Schedule...

2010-03-08

134

76 FR 46856 - Mail Classification Schedule Change  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...MC2011-26; Order No. 777] Mail Classification Schedule Change...language in the Mail Classification Schedule (MCS...to the proposed classification change identified...publication of this order in the Federal...

2011-08-03

135

24 CFR 3500.11 - Mailing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mailing. 3500.11 Section 3500.11 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEVELOPMENT REAL ESTATE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES ACT § 3500.11 Mailing. The provisions of this part...

2010-04-01

136

24 CFR 3500.11 - Mailing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Mailing. 3500.11 Section 3500.11 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEVELOPMENT REAL ESTATE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES ACT § 3500.11 Mailing. The provisions of this part...

2011-04-01

137

Keeping E-Mail in Top Form  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the fact that e-mail has been firmly entrenched in offices and homes for some time, debate still rages online about e-mail usage and style. How should and e-mail message begin and end? If replying to a message, should the message be quoted before or after? What tone should be taken with a business e-mail? The author talked with some heavy…

Goldsborough, Reid

2005-01-01

138

Senior Citizens Who Use E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increases in the aging population and use of computer-related technology have spawned research regarding older adults' use of the Internet. This study examined characteristics differentiating rural Midwestern senior citizens (N = 298) who use e-mail from those who do not. Compared to those who did not use e-mail, e-mail-using seniors were younger…

Stark-Wroblewski, Kimberly; Edelbaum, Jessica K.; Ryan, Joseph J.

2007-01-01

139

77 FR 70850 - International Mail Contract  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...adjustment in conjunction with a mail contract with the postal operator...and International Registered Mail service for Letter Post. The...suggested Office of Exchange Routing Details and information about...Exchange for entry of Registered Mail. Id. at 4-5. The...

2012-11-27

140

Electronic Mail in the Library: A Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of electronic mail in libraries. Topics discussed include general business applications; interlibrary loan; acquisition and claims systems; document delivery; complete text journal databases; reference requests and answers; obstacles to electronic mail usage; telecommunications; cost factors; and the impact of voice mail and…

Whitaker, Becki

1989-01-01

141

Handleiding Exchange mail/agendaop Mac OS  

E-print Network

Handleiding Exchange mail/agendaop Mac OS Versie: 1.0 Exchange mail & agenda Datum: 03-04-2013 #12;2 Met behulp van onderstaande handleiding kunt u uw Facultaire e-mail en agenda op uw Mac configureren;4 5) U krijgt een overzicht te zien van uw aangemaakte Exchange profiel op uw Mac, selecteer "Continue

Galis, Frietson

142

O How Wondrous Is E-Mail!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the use of e-mail for communication and collaborative projects in schools. Discusses the effectiveness of an e-mail system based on a UNIX host; problems with POP (post office protocol) client programs; and the new Internet Mail Access Protocol (IMAP) which addresses most of the shortcomings of the POP protocol while keeping advantages…

Buchanan, Larry

1998-01-01

143

Distance Menu  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This tutorial provides students with experience using three types of distance scales on regional maps of North America. An introduction shows how to make use of the bar scale, the statement of equivalence, and the representative fraction (ratio) to determine distance between two locations. Printable instructions and two sets of interactive exercises are provided.

Leveson, David J.

2011-01-01

144

14 CFR 1206.601 - Mail, fax and e-mail requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Mail, fax and e-mail requests. 1206.601 Section 1206.601 ...TO MEMBERS OF THE PUBLIC Procedures § 1206.601 Mail, fax and e-mail requests. In view of the time limits...

2010-01-01

145

14 CFR 1206.601 - Mail, fax and e-mail requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Mail, fax and e-mail requests. 1206.601 Section 1206.601 ...TO MEMBERS OF THE PUBLIC Procedures § 1206.601 Mail, fax and e-mail requests. In view of the time limits...

2011-01-01

146

Mitigating E-Mail Requests in Teenagers' First and Second Language Academic Cyber-Consultation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study analyses teenagers' e-mail requests during academic cyber-consultation, exploring how the performance of request modifiers is influenced by participants' perceptions of the degree of imposition of the speech act and social distance with the recipient. A total of 295 e-mail requests, 145 produced by British English speakers…

Alcón Soler, Eva

2013-01-01

147

Distance Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

About.com offers this directory of scholarly and practical resources and Websites in the field of distance education. Subject headings for annotated listings include all levels of mainstream education, the GED, vocational schooling, accreditation, discussion lists, financial aid, faculty resources, employment, intellectual rights, history, opinion, research, publications, conferences and calls for papers, Web tools, and more. A summary article directs users to frequently referenced items, including articles and studies addressing such topics as the debate over whether distance education falls short of face-to-face instruction, adult distance education, and digital access.

148

International Study on Distance Education: A Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined distance education systems and practices in the major areas of the world (Australia, Asia, Africa, South and Central America, North America, and Eastern and Western Europe). A long version of the survey instrument was originally mailed to 1,640 institutions, organizations, and government agencies, and a short version was mailed to…

Graff, Kurt, Ed.; Holmberg, Borje, Ed.

149

Effects of trailer design on animal welfare parameters and carcass and meat quality of three Pietrain crosses being transported over a long distance.  

PubMed

This study aimed at evaluating the effects of trailer design on stress responses and meat quality traits of 3 different pig crosses: 50% Pietrain breeding with halothane (HAL)(Nn) (50Nn); 50% Pietrain breeding with HAL(NN) (50NN); and 25% Pietrain breeding with HAL(NN) genotype (25NN). Over a 6-wk period, pigs (120 pigs/crossbreed) were transported for 7 h in either a pot-belly (PB) or flat-deck (FD) trailer (10 pigs/crossbreed(-1)·trailer(-1)·wk(-1)). Temperature (T) and relative humidity (RH) were monitored in each trailer. Behaviors during loading and unloading, time to load and unload, and latency to rest in lairage were recorded, whereas a sub-population of pigs (4 pigs/crossbreed(-1)·trailer(-1)·wk(-1)) was equipped with gastro-intestinal tract (GIT) temperature monitors. Blood samples were collected at exsanguination for measurement of cortisol, creatine kinase (CK), lactate, haptoglobin, and Pig-MAP concentrations. Meat quality data were collected at 24 h postmortem from the LM and semimembranosus (SM) and adductor (AD) muscles of all 360 pigs. Greater T were recorded in the PB trailer during transportation (P = 0.006) and unloading (P < 0.001). Delta GIT temperature was greater (P = 0.01) in pigs unloaded from the PB. At loading, pigs tended to move backwards more (P = 0.06) when loaded on the FD than the PB trailer. At unloading, an interaction was found between trailer type and crossbreed type, with a greater (P < 0.01) frequency of overlaps in 50NN and 25NN pigs and slips/falls in 50Nn and 50NN pigs from the FD than the PB trailer. Cortisol concentrations at slaughter were greater (P = 0.02) in pigs transported in the PB than FD trailer. Greater lactate concentrations were found in 50Nn and 50NN pigs (P = 0.003) and greater CK concentrations (P < 0.001) in 50Nn pigs. As expected, 50Nn pigs produced leaner (P < 0.001) carcasses, with greater (P = 0.01) dressing percentages, as well as lower (P < 0.001) ultimate pH values and greater (P < 0.001) drip loss percentages in the LM and greater (P = 0.002) drip losses and a paler color (greater L* values, P = 0.02) in the SM than 50NN pigs. When used for long distance transportation under controlled conditions, the PB trailer produced no detrimental effects on animal welfare or pork quality. Pigs with 50% Pietrain crossbreeding appear to be more responsive to transport stress, having the potential to produce acceptable carcass and pork quality, provided pigs are free of the HAL gene. PMID:22966081

Weschenfelder, A V; Torrey, S; Devillers, N; Crowe, T; Bassols, A; Saco, Y; Piñeiro, M; Saucier, L; Faucitano, L

2012-09-01

150

E-mail MAPS redaktie  

E-print Network

WWW www.ntg.nl Copyright © 2002 NTG De Nederlandstalige TEX Gebruikersgroep (NTG) is een vereniging die tot doel heeft het bevorderen van de kennis en het gebruik van TEX. De NTG fungeert als een forum voor nieuwe ontwikkelingen met betrekking tot computergebaseerde document-opmaak in het algemeen en de ontwikkeling van ‘TEX and friends ’ in het bijzonder. De doelstellingen probeert de NTG te realiseren door onder meer het uitwisselen van informatie, het organiseren van conferenties en symposia m.b.t. TEX en‘TEX-producten’. De NTG biedt haar leden onder andere het volgende: Tweemaal per jaar een ntg-bijeenkomst. Het ntg-tijdschrift maps. De ‘TEX Live CD-ROM ’ en de ‘CTAN CD-ROM ’ met de complete TEX softwarearchieven. Verschillende discussielijsten (mailing lists) over TEX-gerelateerde onderwerpen, zowel voor beginners als gevorderden, algemeen en specialistisch.

Johannes Braams; Taco Hoekwater; Siep Kroonenberg; Piet Van Oostrum; Hans Hagen; Jules E Van Weerden; Wybo Dekker; Servalys Deil; Erik Frambach; Frans Goddijn; Karel H Wesseling

151

7 CFR 984.445 - Procedures for voting by mail, e-mail, telephone, videoconference, facsimile, or any other means...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Procedures for voting by mail, e-mail, telephone, videoconference, facsimile...Administrative Rules and Regulations § 984.445 Procedures for voting by mail, e-mail, telephone, videoconference,...

2013-01-01

152

7 CFR 984.445 - Procedures for voting by mail, e-mail, telephone, videoconference, facsimile, or any other means...  

...8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Procedures for voting by mail, e-mail, telephone, videoconference, facsimile...Administrative Rules and Regulations § 984.445 Procedures for voting by mail, e-mail, telephone, videoconference,...

2014-01-01

153

76 FR 17787 - Market Dominant Negotiated Service Agreement (NSA) for First-Class Mail and Standard Mail  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Standard Mail is based on the combined total revenue of First-Class Mail automation letters, Standard Mail automation letters, and Standard Mail carrier route barcoded automation-compatible letters. Background The 3-year agreement is...

2011-03-31

154

eMailing Browsing Internet safety Internet applications Searching S  

E-print Network

eMailing Browsing Internet safety Internet applications Searching S eMailing Browsing Internet sa Internet applications Searchi eMailing Browsing Intern Internet applications Sea eMailing Browsing Inter Internet applications Se eMailing Browsing Inter Internet applications Searching eMailing Browsing Internet

Iyer, Sridhar

155

Mail-System insert.remove.BUFFER  

E-print Network

Beispiel: Mail-System MS := (FILE j BUFFER[f FM ] j BUFFER[f MF ] j MAIL j DELIVER j BUFFER[f CM : insert 7! xy insert remove 7! xy remove empty 7! xy empty #12; BUFFER := insert.remove.BUFFER + empty.BUFFER.DELIVER) COLLECT := letter posted .cm insert.COLLECT #12; Beispiel: Mail-System FILE BUFFER[f MF ] BUFFER[f FM

Popeea, Corneliu - Chair for Foundations of Software Reliability and Theoretical Computer Science

156

Finding an e-mail address  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Finding an e-mail address: A site devoted to walking people through the sometimes difficult process of finding e-mail addresses, with connections to Finger, Whois, Knowbot, Netfind and X. 500 databases. An in-depth hypertext FAQ on how to find addresses is available. Resources includes a list of country codes with e-mail access, lists of college and university home pages (alphabetical and subject), Campus Wide Information Centers, and Internet domains and subdomains by country.

157

Migrationsleitfaden von Linux Mail nach Groupwise Um die E-Mail Landschaft am Campus der Universitt Regensburg zu konsolidieren wurde  

E-print Network

Migrationsleitfaden von Linux Mail nach Groupwise Einleitung Um die E-Mail Landschaft am Campus der soll Pegasus Mail und Linux Mail ablösen. Einer der Vorteile ist, dass eingehende Mails immer ankommen-Mail nach Groupwise zugestellt, nicht mehr ins Linux-Home- Verzeichnis. https

Schubart, Christoph

158

Distance Education in the Faculty of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the development of a distance education, professional development program for teacher education which promotes two-way communication between tutor and student through use of the telephone, electronic mail, and facsimile transmission (FAX). It is reported that in 1986, McGill University in Montreal began by offering education…

Burpee, Peter; Wilson, Brenda

1991-01-01

159

Dominating Cliques in Distance-Hereditary Graphs *  

E-print Network

. Moldova State University A. Mateevici str. 60 Chi~inKu 277009 Moldova Abstract. A graph is distance was partially supported by the VW-Stiftung Project No. 1/69041 e-mail address: dragan@university.moldova.su #12

Dragan, Feodor F.

160

76 FR 76619 - International Mail: New Prices and Fee Changes-Mailing Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...adjustments for First-Class Mail International[supreg] and extra services...United States Postal Service, International Mail Manual (IMM), which...in 39 CFR Part 20 Foreign relations, International postal services....

2011-12-08

161

78 FR 29785 - Priority Mail Pricing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...extra charge on all domestic Priority Mail pieces that bear an Intelligent...uses a ``Qualifying Payment Method.'' \\2\\ The Postal Service...value on all other domestic Priority Mail pieces that bear an IMpb...2\\ Qualifying Payment Methods are limited to ePostage,...

2013-05-21

162

Monitoring of employee e-mail traffic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Legal precedence has been set for employer monitoring of Internet use and both company and personal employee e-mail. Monitoring by both companies and Internet service providers is common. Company e-mail is archived, can be accessed for years after creation and can be subpoenaed. The company has liabilities if it allows illegal activities, harassment, or discrimination. There are many commercially available

Leo A. Mallette

2004-01-01

163

Using electronic mail to motivate students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Associate degree nursing faculty often note that students come to class poorly prepared to participate in class activities and discussions. Students who fail to complete reading or other assignments are ill prepared to participate in active learning and are at risk of falling behind in course work. Electronic mail (e-mail) is one strategy for motivating students to complete assignments prior

Toni Couzenza

2009-01-01

164

10 CFR 1304.116 - Mailing lists.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Mailing lists. 1304.116 Section 1304.116 Energy NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1304.116 Mailing lists. The Board shall not sell or rent...

2011-01-01

165

Electronic Mail: The Future is Now.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Predicts a movement in government and industry towards implementation of electronic mail systems for business information transfer. Two aspects of electronic mail--facsimile transfer and electronic message systems--are discussed. The applications of document delivery and information transfer are explored in terms of their usefulness for an…

Josephine, Helen B.

1980-01-01

166

Using E-Mail across Computer Networks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of telecommunications technology to exchange electronic mail, files, and messages across different computer networks. Networks highlighted include ARPA Internet; BITNET; USENET; FidoNet; MCI Mail; and CompuServe. Examples of the successful use of networks in higher education are given. (Six references) (LRW)

Hazari, Sunil

1990-01-01

167

MAIL LOG, program theory, volume 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information relevant to the MAIL LOG program theory is documented. The L-files for mail correspondence, design information release/report, and the drawing/engineering order are given. In addition, sources for miscellaneous external routines and special support routines are documented along with a glossary of terms.

Harris, D. K.

1979-01-01

168

Mail Handling Procedures for Suspicious Packages  

E-print Network

use of the mail for disseminating explosive devices or infectious/toxic agents. While the risk and other exposed skin with soap and water, if a wash station is in the immediate area f. Isolate exposed. Remove gloves prior to performing other tasks. c. Wash hands with warm water and soap after handling mail

Jia, Songtao

169

The Trouble with E-Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Electronic mail is a rich communications medium, but it also presents problems of privacy and efficient use of time. If electronic mail is to be the communication medium of choice in the workplace, it is incumbent on responsible managers and human resources professionals to establish guidelines for its appropriate and productive use. Examples from…

Hamilton, Malcolm C.

1996-01-01

170

Did You Get My E-Mail? Moving E-Mails beyond the Inbox  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The challenge today is how to make e-mail and other forms of electronic communication effective in motivating volunteer action. Is it possible to make e-mails feel personal and welcoming? E-mail, instant messaging, texting, and social media are tools that allow individuals to communicate quickly and inexpensively, but they are lifeless without the…

Ellis, Susan J.

2011-01-01

171

75 FR 72686 - Express Mail Open and Distribute and Priority Mail Open and Distribute  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...guaranteed end of day product; and adding a five-pound...service standards for the product. Summary Express Mail...Mail dimensional weight pricing or Periodicals container...not required to place bundles of mail in sacks or trays...for ``Drop Ship Product File...

2010-11-26

172

The Effectiveness of Express Mail as a Response Stimulator in Mail Surveys of Difficult Populations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many different techniques have been used to increase response rates to surveys. In this study, Federal Express overnight service was used to test the effectiveness of express mail in stimulating response to a mail survey of 132 physicians. The sample was randomly split into two groups. One group received the initial mailing by Federal Express…

Anderson, John F.; And Others

173

Planetary distance  

Microsoft Academic Search

For about two centuries, the approximate distance of the planets from the sun were theoretically calculated by a numerical relation called ‘Bode's Law'[l].a= 0?4 + (0?3)2 where n = – 8, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4,...However this relationship does not give satisfactory results for n >6. The intent of this paper is to find a new equivalent to ‘Bode's Law’.

Francois Rafie

1996-01-01

174

MAIL CODE CHANGE ONLY OPTION I DIRECT DEPOSIT  

E-print Network

MAIL CODE CHANGE ONLY OPTION I DIRECT DEPOSIT This option will automatically deposit your net check will issue a paper check mailed to your departmental mail code provided above. FO 2048 Revised 06/06 Mail CodePRINT NAME (Last, First, Middle Int.) Campus Phone This form is to be returned to Payroll, mail

Tsien, Roger Y.

175

Inline skates designed for travel over short distances  

E-print Network

This thesis documents the design process of a new type of inline skate intended to be a viable form of transportation over short distances. Current inline skates are optimized for transportation over long distances but are ...

Kellogg, Howard (Howard Dorsey)

2008-01-01

176

76 FR 74078 - Standard Mail Market Test  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...tests of experimental market dominant products. It seeks the exemption for Every Door Direct Mail Retail, a Standard Flats experiment now underway. This document describes the Postal Service's reasons for seeking the exemption, addresses procedural...

2011-11-30

177

76 FR 47614 - Mail Classification Change  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...MC2011-27; Order No. 785] Mail Classification Change AGENCY...Postal Service of Classification Change Related to...to the proposed classification change identified...publication of this order in the Federal...

2011-08-05

178

7 CFR 1209.235 - Mail balloting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION...mailing address, number of pounds of mushrooms produced or imported, or such other...general circulation among producers in the mushroom producing areas involved or among...

2013-01-01

179

7 CFR 1209.235 - Mail balloting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION...mailing address, number of pounds of mushrooms produced or imported, or such other...general circulation among producers in the mushroom producing areas involved or among...

2012-01-01

180

7 CFR 1209.235 - Mail balloting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION...mailing address, number of pounds of mushrooms produced or imported, or such other...general circulation among producers in the mushroom producing areas involved or among...

2011-01-01

181

Jabber, E-mail and Beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

Application architecture, Data inter- change, Distributed Systems, E-mail, En- terprise applications, Finance, Fragment, Internet, Interoperability, Middleware, SOAP, SVG, Unicode, Web Services, XML, XML-RPC, Atom, Messaging, Pres- ence, Publish-Subscribe, Presence, RSS, Streaming, Syndication

Ralph Meijer; Peter Saint-Andre

2005-01-01

182

78 FR 70600 - International Mail Contract  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...mail, and small packets with delivery confirmation. Id. It asserts that the Agreement will not only improve financial performance over default Universal Postal Union (UPU) rates, but will also continue to improve operational...

2013-11-26

183

77 FR 70852 - International Mail Contract  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...terms fit within the proposed Mail Classification Schedule (MCS) language for Inbound Market Dominant Multi-Service Agreements...exception from such reporting for all contracts added to the MCS as Inbound Market Dominant Multi-Service Agreements with...

2012-11-27

184

Recent Research on Mailed Questionnaire Response Rates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty studies of mailed surveys are reviewed in terms of 11 variables which affect response rates: sponsorship, respondents, salience, follow-up contacts, incentives, length, anonymity, personalization, deadline, types of appeals, and postage. (BW)

Baumgartner, Robert M.; Heberlein, Thomas A.

1984-01-01

185

7 CFR 322.32 - Mailed packages.  

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation and Transit of Restricted Articles § 322.32 Mailed...

2014-01-01

186

7 CFR 322.17 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation of Restricted Organisms § 322.17 Mailed...

2011-01-01

187

7 CFR 322.32 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation and Transit of Restricted Articles § 322.32 Mailed...

2010-01-01

188

7 CFR 322.17 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation of Restricted Organisms § 322.17 Mailed...

2013-01-01

189

7 CFR 322.17 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation of Restricted Organisms § 322.17 Mailed...

2010-01-01

190

7 CFR 322.17 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation of Restricted Organisms § 322.17 Mailed...

2012-01-01

191

7 CFR 322.32 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation and Transit of Restricted Articles § 322.32 Mailed...

2011-01-01

192

7 CFR 322.32 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation and Transit of Restricted Articles § 322.32 Mailed...

2013-01-01

193

7 CFR 322.32 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation and Transit of Restricted Articles § 322.32 Mailed...

2012-01-01

194

7 CFR 322.17 - Mailed packages.  

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation of Restricted Organisms § 322.17 Mailed...

2014-01-01

195

Spam Mail Filtering System Using Semantic Enrichment  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a As the Internet infrastructure has been developed, E-mail is regarded as one of the most important methods for exchanging\\u000a information because of easy usage and low cost. Meanwhile, exponentially growing unwanted mails in users’ mailbox have been\\u000a raised as a main problem. To solve this problem, researchers have suggested many methodologies that are based on Bayesian\\u000a classification. The kind of

Hyun-jun Kim; Heung-nam Kim; Jason J. Jung; Geun-Sik Jo

2004-01-01

196

Secure Mail Transfer Protocol (SecMTP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

ó Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is a common protocol for transferring email messages worldwide. SMTP is anonymous and provides only the basic functions required to transfer a message, namely specifying a sender, recipients, and message text. SMTP was designed without consideration for security. We propose a new protocol, Secure Mail Transfer Protocol (SecMTP), to provide user-to-user secure email services

Hathai Tanta-ngai; Tony Abou-Assaleh; Sittichai Jiampojamarn; Nick Cercone

197

75 FR 56922 - Implementation of the Intelligent Mail Package Barcode  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the USPS Intelligent Mail strategy. Packages that...not always include a routing code (a barcode that...accurately encoded Intelligent Mail container placard. The Intelligent Mail package barcode will: Require a routing code to aid in...

2010-09-17

198

75 FR 29893 - Business Reply Mail Online Application Option  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 Business Reply Mail Online Application Option AGENCY...the option to obtain a Business Reply Mail[supreg] (BRM) permit online. Additionally, the electronic...Form 6805, Qualified Business Reply Mail (QBRM)...

2010-05-28

199

Office of Distance Education Distance Education Coordinators  

E-print Network

Office of Distance Education Distance Education Coordinators June 2005 COLLEGE and DEPARTMENT COORDINATORS Agriculture Mary Sasser Distance Education Coordinator Distance Education for the Agriculture's Office 845-8009 MS 4113 eas71@tamu.edu The Bush School Nancy Small Director of Distance Education Bush

200

Impact of regulation on the performances of long-distance transport services: A comparison of the different approaches in Sweden and Norway  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the many socio-economic similarities between Sweden and Norway, differences in jurisdiction, organisation, cooperation, and financing of long-distance passenger train and coach services have led to the development of four distinctively different ways of serving the markets. This paper describes how the train and coach markets have developed in the two countries, with emphasis on regulatory and industrial structure and

Gunnar Alexandersson; Staffan Hultén; Nils Fearnley; Frode Longva

2010-01-01

201

Evaluating the usefulness of functional distance measures when calibrating journey-to-crime distance decay functions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research evaluates the usefulness of applying functional distance measures to criminal geographic profiles using mathematically calibrated distance decay models. Both the travel-path (i.e., shortest distance) and temporally optimized (i.e., quickest travel time) functional distance measures were calculated based on the impedance attributes stored within a linearly referenced transportation data layer of several parishes in Louisiana. Two different journey-to-crime distance

Josh Kent; Michael Leitner; Andrew Curtis

2006-01-01

202

Transportation  

Microsoft Academic Search

India, a country over one billion population has been facing serious difficulty of urban congestion and traffic jams since 1970's in her major cities. Public transport system in Mumbai has been overworking three times its capacity. Public transport system in Delhi, Colcutta and Chennai is also under strain. Elevated railway and underground railway could be options to support overworked surface

Makarand Gulawani

203

Reducing the distance in distance learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most common problems reported by students in distance learning courses is the feeling of isolation. The lack of aural and visual cues, the geographical and psychological distance among distance-learners and\\/or between the tutor and the students, the absence of expression of emotions are some of the features, which often make distance learning seem impersonal and alienating. This

Mini Marianna; Charalabopoulou Fried

204

Long-distance axonal transport of AAV9 is driven by dynein and kinesin-2 and is trafficked in a highly motile Rab7-positive compartment.  

PubMed

Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors can move along axonal pathways after brain injection, resulting in transduction of distal brain regions. This can enhance the spread of therapeutic gene transfer and improve treatment of neurogenetic disorders that require global correction. To better understand the underlying cellular mechanisms that drive AAV trafficking in neurons, we investigated the axonal transport of dye-conjugated AAV9, utilizing microfluidic primary neuron cultures that isolate cell bodies from axon termini and permit independent analysis of retrograde and anterograde axonal transport. After entry, AAV was trafficked into nonmotile early and recycling endosomes, exocytic vesicles, and a retrograde-directed late endosome/lysosome compartment. Rab7-positive late endosomes/lysosomes that contained AAV were highly motile, exhibiting faster retrograde velocities and less pausing than Rab7-positive endosomes without virus. Inhibitor experiments indicated that the retrograde transport of AAV within these endosomes is driven by cytoplasmic dynein and requires Rab7 function, whereas anterograde transport of AAV is driven by kinesin-2 and exhibits unusually rapid velocities. Furthermore, increasing AAV9 uptake by neuraminidase treatment significantly enhanced virus transport in both directions. These findings provide novel insights into AAV trafficking within neurons, which should enhance progress toward the utilization of AAV for improved distribution of transgene delivery within the brain. PMID:24100640

Castle, Michael J; Perlson, Eran; Holzbaur, Erika Lf; Wolfe, John H

2014-03-01

205

Learning Teams Students and the College E-Mail Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated electronic mail use in three groups of freshman biology students: learning team members with laptop computers and e-mail support provided; learning team members without personal computers but with e-mail support; and students not in learning teams, with no personal computers. Results indicate e-mail use promoted cohesiveness…

Windschitl, Mark; Lesehm-Ackerman, Adah

1997-01-01

206

39 CFR 121.1 - First-Class Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false First-Class Mail. 121.1 Section 121...MARKET-DOMINANT MAIL PRODUCTS § 121.1 First-Class Mail. (a) For all intra-Sectional Center Facility (SCF) domestic First-Class Mail® pieces...

2011-07-01

207

Using E-mail in the Social Studies Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates the pros and cons of e-mail in the social studies classroom; in particular, the problems concerning what e-mail service a school should subscribe to. Lists different precautions schools must take when finally deciding on the appropriate e-mail system. Provides names of organizations that have established databases of e-mail projects.…

Dale, Jack

1999-01-01

208

Introduction to Apple Mail with IMAP Version 4 October 2008  

E-print Network

Introduction to Apple Mail with IMAP Version 4 ­ October 2008 Massachusetts Institute of Technology #12;Apple Mail Quick Start Guide Page 2 Getting Started This Quick Start class assumes that: 1. Apple Mail is configured for use at MIT. If you need help with configuration please see Apple Mail at MIT

Gabrieli, John

209

39 CFR 121.1 - First-Class Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false First-Class Mail. 121.1 Section 121...MARKET-DOMINANT MAIL PRODUCTS § 121.1 First-Class Mail. (a)(1) Until...intra-Sectional Center Facility (SCF) domestic First-Class Mail® pieces properly...

2012-07-01

210

39 CFR 121.1 - First-Class Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false First-Class Mail. 121.1 Section 121...MARKET-DOMINANT MAIL PRODUCTS § 121.1 First-Class Mail. (a)(1) Until...intra-Sectional Center Facility (SCF) domestic First-Class Mail® pieces properly...

2013-07-01

211

MAIL LOG, program summary and specifications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The summary and specifications to obtain the software package, MAIL LOG, developed for the Scout Project Automatic Data System, SPADS are provided. The MAIL LOG program has four modes of operation: (1) input - putting new records into the data base; (2) revise - changing or modifying existing records in the data base; (3) search - finding special records existing in the data base; and (4) archive - store or put away existing records in the data base. The output includes special printouts of records in the data base and results from the input and search modes.

Harris, D. K.

1979-01-01

212

Interactions of Transportation and Telecommunications Behaviors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This project was designed as a social science complement to the engineering studies supported by the University of Rhode Island (URI) Transportation Center (URITC). The project developed a behavioral knowledge base about the actual and intended transport and telecommunications behaviors of transportation users, with a particular focus on southern Rhode Island. Background studies, drawing from literature on telecommuting and travel behavior, led to the development of a generalized framework to understand the transport-telecom interactions. In particular, we developed working papers dealing with transport aspects of e-retailing and distance education. In the empirical part of this project, two major field studies were completed. The first of these was a survey of URI students, probing their car travel, carpool, bus use, and Internet use behaviors. The students were surveyed first by telephone, selected randomly from a list obtained from the Register's office. A total of 220 students responded to the telephone survey. Characteristics of the telephone survey respondents are shown in Appendix B. This was supplemented by an in-class survey of 107 students conveniently selected from the courses taught by the research faculty. This supplementary questionnaire probed the students more deeply regarding their motivations for transportation and technology use issues. The second major field study was a mail survey of southern Rhode Island residents. In this survey, we not only investigated actual travel and transport behaviors but also measured attitudes towards the environment and alternative transport and telecommuting solutions. At the time of writing this report, about 850 individuals had responded to our mail questionnaire. Characteristics of the resident sample are described in Appendix B. The results have laid the groundwork for our second year project where we plan to study the impact of specific interventions on transportation and telecommuting attitudes and intentions.

Dholakia, N.; Mundorf, N.; Dholakia, R. R.; Xiao, J. J.

2002-05-01

213

Internal transport of seeds by migratory waders in the Odiel marshes, south-west Spain: consequences for long-distance dispersal  

E-print Network

seeds by waders. Viable seeds of Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum (Aizoaceae), Sonchus oleraceus (Asteraceae pellets were more likely to germinate. More S. oleraceus seeds were transported per redshank pellet. oleraceus are introduced weeds in the Americas and Australasia, and dispersal by birds may contribute

Green, Andy J.

214

46 CFR 201.52 - Additional time after service by mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

46 ? Shipping ? 8 ? 2011-10-01 ? 2011-10-01 ? false ? Additional time after service by mail. ? 201.52 ? Section 201.52 ? Shipping ? MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ? POLICY, PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE ? RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE ? Time (Rule 5) ? § 201.52 ? Additional...

2011-10-01

215

E-mail: Print: by Katy Edgington  

E-print Network

E-mail: Print: by Katy Edgington 24 August 2012 No other animal, with the exception of two species University in the United States sheds new light on the mystery of the menopause. Evolutionary biologists have's perspective The primate debate: from the perspective of biomedical research A human infusion - the social side

Lummaa, Virpi

216

IMPROVING THE SECURITY OF ELECTRONIC MAIL: UPDATED  

E-print Network

mail, a very popular Internet application, is used on a regular basis by individuals, government other. Today, more than a billion people in the world use the Internet, according to Internet World Stats, an organization that collects information on Internet usage in over 230 countries. Electronic

217

COSEE Mid-Atlantic Mailing List Signup  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Use this site to sign up for the COSEE Mid-Atlantic mailing list. COSEE-MA offers a variety of instructional tools, workshops and classes to bay and coastal ocean educators. This list will inform subscribers of materials and workshops as they are developed.

218

78 FR 24239 - Temporary Mailing Promotion  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...at 2. The amount of the promotional credit is based on the volume...the calculation and use of pricing authority in such a situation...and delay the use of that pricing authority until the next market...Pricing Class of mail...

2013-04-24

219

THE COMMUNICATOR inside Publication Mail: 40062527  

E-print Network

Courtenay Alcock, Melanie Callahan, Rebecca Cohoe, Mandy Cook, Nora Daly, Kelly Foss, Pamela Gill, Sharon, HSIMS, Faculty of Medicine production co-ordinator Patrick Tyler Mail to Editor, The Communicator with the research priorities and the increased base budget, will support prosperity, engagement and sustainability

Oyet, Alwell

220

Subscribe to GAO E-Mail Alerts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S. General Accounting Office, Congress' Watchdog agency, now has a mailing list service for a daily electronic posting of the General Accounting Office (GAO) Daybook. The GAO Daybook is the daily listing of released GAO reports and testimony.

1969-12-31

221

Books by Mail Program: An Implementation Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a program to expand the Books by Mail program at the Monterey (California) County Library. An introductory section provides background information on the development of the program, and the second section discusses the process of identifying target populations, which include those in geographically remote areas and the…

Sulsona, Judith

222

Synchronous Internet Training - Synctrain Mailing List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new mailing list sponsored by InSync Training Synergy and moderated by Jennifer Hofmann, a Virtual Classroom Designer, is designed to serve "trainers, educators, and other people interested in Live Online Learning." Discussions on training techniques, Internet pedagogy, supporting multimedia, new products, and relevant jobs, conferences, and classes are welcome. Users can view the list archives and subscribe at this site.

223

Who Owns Your E-mail?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines recent findings that could influence the use of e-mail on university campuses. National privacy legislation and the inviolability of student records are discussed. It is concluded that more effective safeguards are necessary, and that the current steps are inadequate for the protection of students' rights. (Author/LRW)

Panepinto, Joe

1995-01-01

224

7 CFR 1209.235 - Mail balloting.  

...mushroom importers. (e) Each producer or importer shall cast a ballot for each open position on the Council assigned to the...mail ballot is issued, the Council shall validate the ballots cast, tabulate the votes, and provide the Secretary with the...

2014-01-01

225

sai-irish-studies Mailing List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new mailing list is intended to serve as a networking and discussion forum for sociology and social policy researchers focusing on the Republic of Ireland and/or Northern Ireland or anyone engaged in "the systematic study of Irish society." Subscription information and message archives are available at the site.

1998-01-01

226

E-mail: ceas-adv@UWM.edu Website: www.uwm.edu/CEAS Phone: (414) 229-4667 COMPUTER ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

E-mail: ceas-adv@UWM.edu Website: www.uwm.edu/CEAS Phone: (414) 229-4667 COMPUTER ENGINEERING Just-mail: ceas-adv@UWM.edu Website: www.uwm.edu/CEAS Phone: (414) 229-4667 COMPUTER ENGINEERING Computer in healthcare, service, financial, communications, academic and transportation. Some computer engineers

Saldin, Dilano

227

The Whole Internet... By E-Mail  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Dr. Bob" Rankin has recently updated "The Whole Internet... By E-Mail," a comprehensive guide for using email to access all types of Internet sites. The guide provides examples of email access to information available on FTP, Gopher, WWW, Usenet, WAIS, Listserv, Finger, and "Directory Assistance" (Whois and Netfind) sites. If a user lacks full Internet connectivity but wishes to take advantage of the complete array of Internet resources, this guide is for them. It also provides instructions for accessing several miscellaneous Internet information sources via email, including dictionary lookup, sending a fax, sources of U.S. government information, Internet patent news service, currency conversion, virus protection software, and Internet Service Providers by area code. "The Whole Internet...By E-Mail" has been translated into over 25 languages. Foreign language access instructions are in the guide.

1999-01-01

228

Bioterrorism: Lessons Learned Since the Anthrax Mailings  

PubMed Central

Abstract In the fall of 2001, Bacillus anthracis spores were spread through letters mailed in the United States. Twenty-two people are known to have been infected, and five of these individuals died. Together with the  September 11 attacks, this resulted in a reevaluation of the risks and benefits of life science research with the potential for misuse. In this editorial, we review some of the results of these discussions and their implications for the future. PMID:22027008

Casadevall, Arturo

2011-01-01

229

Long-distance transport of particulate iron from the Amur River to the western subarctic Pacific reinforced by the combination of Fe and Nd isotopes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Iron is an essential nutrient and limits primary productivity in High Nutrient Low Chlorophyll (HNLC) regions. The western subarctic Pacific (WSP) is one of HNLC regions, and the most important source of iron in the WSP has been thought to be the dust from East Asia such as Gobi dessert. In recent years, however, some studies suggest that the northwestern continental shelf region of the Sea of Okhotsk (OS) where the Amur River discharges large amounts of dissolved iron is one of the most important source area of iron in the WSP (e.g. Nishioka et al., 2007). The Amur has high concentration of dissolved iron, and more than 90% of the dissolved iron precipitates in the estuary mixing zone by coagulation. In the Amur estuary on the northwestern continental shelf of the OS, the strong tidal mixing causes the iron precipitates to be resuspended. The suspended particulate matter (SPM) is carried out to the Okhotsk Sea Intermediate Water (OSIW) by the Dense Shelf Water (DSW) (Nakatsuka et al., 2004). The OSIW flows out to the WSP through the Bussol strait, and adds to the North Pacific Intermediate Water (NPIW). The SPM is possibly transported to the WSP in the above processes, and re-dissolved iron from the SPM (Sugie et al., 2013) contributes to the biological productivity in the WSP. In this study, we analyzed stable isotopes of iron (Fe) and radiogenic isotopes of neodymium (Nd) in particulate iron chemically extracted from the continental shelf sediments and SPM of the OS and those in dissolved Fe and Nd of the Amur River water in order to clarify the transport process of the particulate iron from the Amur River in the OS. Iron isotopes have been recently applied to trace origin of marine iron because ?56Fe value varies depending on source, such as river, eolian dust and hydrothermal input. In addition, we used neodymium isotopes to draw information where the particulate iron in the OSIW precipitates because the particulate iron takes up large amounts of REEs from surrounding water in the precipitation process. The analytical results show that the dissolved iron in the Amur River has higher ?56Fe value than those in the other rivers in the world. The higher iron isotope ratio probably attributes to Fe-organic complexes which are enriched in heavy iron isotopes than the other iron species of dissolved iron. ?56Fe values of particulate iron extracted from the continental shelf sediments and SPM in the wide region of the OS are fairly similar to that of the Amur dissolved iron. The iron isotopes of the SPM around the Bussol strait also show the Amur River signal. Regional distribution of neodymium isotopes in the particulate iron support that the particulate iron derived from the Amur is long-transported to the southern part of the OS and probably to the WSP. The Fe and Nd isotope variations are consistent with the transport process of iron based on the previous studies on Fe concentration (Nishioka et al., 2007; 2011), and strongly suggest that particulate iron of the Amur origin is the main source of iron in the WSP.

Yasuda, T.; Asahara, Y.; Ichikawa, R.; Nakatsuka, T.; Nishioka, J.; Minami, H.; Nagao, S.; Tanimizu, M.; Shin, K.; Kono, M.

2013-12-01

230

Distance education: Challenges, paradigms, and pathways for success in microbiology  

E-print Network

Distance Education: Challenges, Paradigms, and Pathways for Success Resource Type: Article: Focus on Microbiology Education Publication Date: 10/1/2002 Authors Tracy Russo University of Kansas Lawrence, Kansas Spencer Benson Department of Cell..., dorm room, or study group via e-mail, listservs, or bulletin boards and get an answer in a few hours without having to wait for office hours or class time. One example of the transforming power of this technology is its effect on distance education...

Russo, Tracy

2002-01-01

231

Holocene variations in mineral and grain-size composition along the East Greenland glaciated margin (ca 67??-70??N): Local versus long-distance sediment transport  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Quantitative X-Ray Diffraction (qXRD) analysis of the <2 mm sediment fraction from surface (sea floor) samples, and marine sediment cores that span the last 10-12 cal ka BP, are used to describe spatial and temporal variations in non-clay mineral compositions for an area between Kangerlussuaq Trough and Scoresby Sund (???67??-70??N), East Greenland. Bedrock consists primarily of an early Tertiary alkaline complex with high weight% of pyroxene and plagioclase. Farther inland and to the north, the bedrock is dominantly felsic with a high fraction of quartz and potassium feldspars. Principal Component (PC) analysis of the non-clay sediment compositions indicates the importance of quartz and pyroxene as compositional end members, with an abrupt shift from quartz and k-feldspar dominated sediments north of Scoresby Sund to sediments rich in pyroxene and plagioclase feldspars offshore from the early Tertiary basaltic outcrop. Coarse (<2 mm or <1 mm) ice-rafted sediments are largely absent from the trough sediments between ???8 and 5 cal ka BP, but then increase in the last 4 cal ka BP. Compositional unmixing of the sediments in Grivel Basin and Kangerlussuaq Trough indicate the dominance of local over long distance sediment sources, with pulses of sediment from tidewater glaciers in Kangerlussuaq and Nansen fjords reaching the inner shelf during the Neoglaciation. The change in IRD is more dramatic in the sediment grain-size proxies than in the quartz wt%. Forty to seventy percent of the variance in the quartz records from either side of Denmark Strait is explained by low frequency trends, but the data from the Grivel Basin, East Greenland, are distinctly different, with an approximate 2500 yr periodicity. ?? 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Andrews, J.T.; Jennings, A.E.; Coleman, G.C.; Eberl, D.D.

2010-01-01

232

39 CFR 233.4 - Withdrawal of mail privileges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Withdrawal of mail privileges. (a) False representation and lottery orders —(1) Issuance. Pursuant to 39 U.S...of money or property by means of a false-representation or lottery scheme. Such orders provide for return of mail and...

2012-07-01

233

39 CFR 233.4 - Withdrawal of mail privileges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Withdrawal of mail privileges. (a) False representation and lottery orders —(1) Issuance. Pursuant to 39 U.S...of money or property by means of a false-representation or lottery scheme. Such orders provide for return of mail and...

2010-07-01

234

39 CFR 233.4 - Withdrawal of mail privileges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Withdrawal of mail privileges. (a) False representation and lottery orders —(1) Issuance. Pursuant to 39 U.S...of money or property by means of a false-representation or lottery scheme. Such orders provide for return of mail and...

2013-07-01

235

39 CFR 233.4 - Withdrawal of mail privileges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Withdrawal of mail privileges. (a) False representation and lottery orders —(1) Issuance. Pursuant to 39 U.S...of money or property by means of a false-representation or lottery scheme. Such orders provide for return of mail and...

2011-07-01

236

37 CFR 1.8 - Certificate of mailing or transmission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Certificate of mailing or transmission. 1.8 Section 1.8 Patents...1.8 Certificate of mailing or transmission. (a) Except in the situations...correspondence stating the date of deposit or transmission. The person signing the...

2011-07-01

237

37 CFR 1.8 - Certificate of mailing or transmission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Certificate of mailing or transmission. 1.8 Section 1.8 Patents...1.8 Certificate of mailing or transmission. (a) Except in the situations...correspondence stating the date of deposit or transmission. The person signing the...

2010-07-01

238

77 FR 68069 - Outbound International Mailings of Lithium Batteries  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Outbound International Mailings of Lithium Batteries AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION...and secondary lithium cells or lithium batteries internationally, or to and from an APO...that prohibited the mailing of lithium batteries and cells internationally and when...

2012-11-15

239

37 CFR 2.197 - Certificate of mailing or transmission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Certificate of mailing or transmission. 2.197 Section 2.197 Patents...2.197 Certificate of mailing or transmission. (a) Except in the cases...correspondence stating the date of deposit or transmission. The person signing the...

2012-07-01

240

37 CFR 2.197 - Certificate of mailing or transmission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Certificate of mailing or transmission. 2.197 Section 2.197 Patents...2.197 Certificate of mailing or transmission. (a) Except in the cases...correspondence stating the date of deposit or transmission. The person signing the...

2010-07-01

241

37 CFR 2.197 - Certificate of mailing or transmission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Certificate of mailing or transmission. 2.197 Section 2.197 Patents...2.197 Certificate of mailing or transmission. (a) Except in the cases...correspondence stating the date of deposit or transmission. The person signing the...

2011-07-01

242

37 CFR 1.8 - Certificate of mailing or transmission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Certificate of mailing or transmission. 1.8 Section 1.8 Patents...1.8 Certificate of mailing or transmission. (a) Except in the situations...correspondence stating the date of deposit or transmission. The person signing the...

2012-07-01

243

77 FR 62446 - Every Door Direct Mail-Retail  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 Every Door Direct Mail-Retail AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final...SUMMARY: This final rule establishes the retail option of Every Door Direct Mail-Retail[supreg] (EDDM-Retail) as a formal...

2012-10-15

244

Electronic Mail: Another Justification for Using Computers in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various electronic mail systems are described (facsimile, communicating word processors, and computer-based message systems); applications of the computer-based message systems are examined; and the classroom applications of electronic mail are discussed. (CT)

Murranka, Patricia A.

1982-01-01

245

76 FR 3679 - Market Test of Marketing Mail Made Easy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...market test of an experimental market dominant product, Marketing Mail Made Easy (MMME).\\1\\ The market test...States Postal Service of Market Test of Experimental Product--Marketing Mail Made Easy, January 12, 2011...

2011-01-20

246

77 FR 64724 - International Mail Manual; Incorporation by Reference  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The International Mail Manual was issued on...of April 17, 2011. The International Mail Manual is available...in 39 CFR Part 20 Foreign relations; Incorporation by reference...Page 64725

2012-10-23

247

Is Monitoring Employees' E-Mail an Invasion of Privacy?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the issue of e-mail and employee privacy rights. Highlights include laws and proposed legislation, ethical dilemmas, task and nontask messages and organizational misconduct, and policy guidelines for decision making about e-mail monitoring. (AEF)

Geroy, Gary D.; Jankovich, Jackie L.

1996-01-01

248

Distance Education Accreditation Standards According to the Regional Accreditation Commissions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compile and analyze the distance learning accreditation policies for higher education according to the six regional accreditation commissions. A self-report survey mailed to the directors of the six regional accrediting commissions was completed by all the commissions: (1) Southern Association of Colleges and…

Flango, Vincent E.

249

How Is Assessment Being Done in Distance Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a summary of research that was recently conducted with instructors of distance learning programs. Sixty-two professors from 10 categories of courses completed an e-mail survey. The advantages and disadvantages of assessments seemed to revolve around the key issues of time, synthesis or knowledge acquisition, subjective or objective…

Dirks, Matthew

250

4. MERCHANDISE BUILDING WITH POWER HOUSE IN DISTANCE, VIEW TO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. MERCHANDISE BUILDING WITH POWER HOUSE IN DISTANCE, VIEW TO NORTHEAST; CITY OF CHICAGO WATER PUMPING FACILITY TO RIGHT OF MERCHANDISE BUILDING - Sears Roebuck & Company Mail Order Plant, Bounded by Lexington & Grenshaw Streets, Kedzie Avenue & Independence Boulevard, Chicago, Cook County, IL

251

Internet security: malicious e-mails detection and protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

New malicious e-mails are created at the rate of thousands a year and pose a serious security threat. Especially, new, unseen Internet worms and virus often are arriving as e-mail attachments. In this paper, Bayesian probabilistic network is examined to detect new malicious e-mail viruses through anomaly detection. Experimental results show a better malicious e-mail detection using Bayesian probabilistic networks.

Dong-her Shih; Hsiu-sen Chiang; Chun-yuan Chan; Binshan Lin

2004-01-01

252

Towards an integrated e-mail forensic analysis framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to its simple and inherently vulnerable nature, e-mail communication is abused for numerous illegitimate purposes. E-mail spamming, phishing, drug trafficking, cyber bullying, racial vilification, child pornography, and sexual harassment are some common e-mail mediated cyber crimes. Presently, there is no adequate proactive mechanism for securing e-mail systems. In this context, forensic analysis plays a major role by examining suspected

Rachid Hadjidj; Mourad Debbabi; Hakim Lounis; Farkhund Iqbal; Adam Szporer; Djamel Benredjem

2009-01-01

253

Why are some e-mails forwarded and others not?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study aims to explain why e-mails trigger emotional response states in receivers and to explore the influence of e-mail formats on the receivers' intention to forward e-mails. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data were collected from 305 undergraduate and EMBA students in one university in Northern Taiwan. Participants were asked to fill out the questionnaire based on any forwarded e-mail

Tom M. Y. Lin; Heng-hui Wu; Chun-wei Liao; Tzu-hsin Liu

2006-01-01

254

78 FR 68868 - First-Class Mail Postage Payment Option  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. R2014-1; Order No. 1873] First-Class Mail Postage Payment Option AGENCY...Postage Payment as a price category for First-Class Mail Single-Piece letters and...Postage Payment as a price category for First-Class Mail Single-Piece letters...

2013-11-15

255

39 CFR 3055.20 - First-Class Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false First-Class Mail. 3055.20 Section 3055...Performance Achievements § 3055.20 First-Class Mail. (a) Single-Piece...Flats, and Parcels products within the First-Class Mail class, report the...

2011-07-01

256

Preferences for Electronic Mail in Organizational Communication Tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explains preferences among staff members of a state legislature for the interactive telecommunication technology of electronic mail. A survey comparing preferences for face-to-face, telephone, written and electronic mail communication channels found that preferences were significantly related to the type of communi cation task undertaken and that in some instances electronic mail was preferred over either the telephone or

Christopher B. Sullivan

1995-01-01

257

Electronic Mail Reference Services in the Public Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although more and more libraries are offering electronic mail reference services, little information about these services has been reported. We conducted an exploratory survey to examine public library e-mail reference services and the patrons who use them. Data collection techniques included a questionnaire mailed to participating libraries and a Web-based questionnaire completed by library patrons. Data gathered included: (1) information

Beth A. Garnsey; Ronald R. Powell

2000-01-01

258

39 CFR 3055.20 - First-Class Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false First-Class Mail. 3055.20 Section 3055...Performance Achievements § 3055.20 First-Class Mail. (a) Single-Piece...Flats, and Parcels products within the First-Class Mail class, report the...

2013-07-01

259

39 CFR 3055.20 - First-Class Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false First-Class Mail. 3055.20 Section 3055...Performance Achievements § 3055.20 First-Class Mail. (a) Single-Piece...Flats, and Parcels products within the First-Class Mail class, report the...

2012-07-01

260

Prevent Spam Filters from Blocking Legitimate E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There's no question about it: Spam is a scourge. This ever-increasing torrent of unsolicited commercial mass e-mail saps productivity and, for some, threatens the very viability of e-mail. The battle against spam, unfortunately, is creating problems of its own, with people sometimes unable to send legitimate e-mail and other times unable to…

Goldsborough, Reid

2004-01-01

261

Distance Education Council.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since its inception in India in 1962, distance education has grown in popularity. The Distance Education Council (DEC) directs distance learning within India's higher education system. The DEC's promotion, coordination, and maintenance of standards for distance education are its three major roles. Its initiatives include grants, support for…

Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi (India). Distance Education Council.

262

75 FR 14076 - Express Mail Open and Distribute and Priority Mail Open and Distribute Changes and Updates  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Open and Distribute and Priority Mail Open and Distribute...goal to provide a secure method for Open and Distribute...Open and Distribute and Priority Mail Open and Distribute...16.1.5 Payment Method [Revise the third sentence...as follows:] * * * Priority Mail postage must...

2010-03-24

263

WALDEN: About Henry David Thoreau Mailing List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

WALDEN is a mailing list dedicated to Henry David Thoreau. It is named after his best known work, Walden, a recounting of a period of time he spent living "deliberately" next to Walden Pond, outside Concord, Massachusetts. The list will discuss: the relevance of Thoreau's ideas to life in the 21st century; books about Thoreau's life and works; other authors that were Thoreau's 19th century contemporaries; and "living deliberately," among other topics. Subscription and further information is available at the above URL.

264

HEPROC-Learning-Contracts mailing list  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Moderated by a panel of three, the HEPROC-Learning-Contracts mailing list studies the relationship between students and faculty in higher (or tertiary) education. The list will cover explicit and implicit aspects of that relationship, methods of customizing content and learning experiences, and ways to enhance students' definition of and commitment to course content and materials. Learning contracts, also referred to as learning agreements, will be the basis for a significant portion of list discussion topics. Participation from around the world is welcome.

1993-01-01

265

Veteran satisfaction with RN voice-mail greeting.  

PubMed

Voice-mail communication is often used to convey information between the registered nurse (RN) and the Veteran. Using a pretest-posttest design, this study examined whether implementation of a standardized voice-mail greeting had an impact on Veteran satisfaction and the number of messages left on the RN voice-mail. Veterans were more satisfied and there was a significant decrease in RN voice-mail messages post-implementation. This study highlights effects of the voice-mail greeting and has implications for other health care settings. PMID:22573208

Mancuso, Josephine M; Manchester, Eva; Zamborini, Lynette; Knippel, Barbara; Hart, Gina; Radtke, Sandra; Haberman, Vicki

2012-01-01

266

Training for Distance Teaching through Distance Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a mixed-mode bachelor degree course in English language teaching at the Universidad Autonoma de Puebla (Mexico) that was designed to help practicing teachers write appropriate distance education materials by giving them the experience of being distance students. Includes a course outline and results of a course evaluation. (Author/LRW)

Cadorath, Jill; Harris, Simon; Encinas, Fatima

2002-01-01

267

Personnel and Mail Screening with Millimeter Waves  

SciTech Connect

The detection and interdiction of biological and chemical warfare agents at point-of-entry military, government, and civilian facilities remains a high priority for security personnel. Commercial personnel and mail screening technologies for these harmful agents are still being developed and improved upon to meet all security client requirements. Millimeter-wave holographic imaging technology developed at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is an ideal sensor to interrogate objects concealed behind low dielectric barriers such as paper, cardboard, and clothing. It uses harmless millimeter waves to illuminate the object or person under surveillance. The waves penetrate through the low dielectric barrier and either reflects off or pass through the hidden object, depending on its material dielectric properties. The reflected signals are digitized and sent to high-speed computers to form high-resolution, three-dimensional (3-D) images. Feasibility imaging studies have been conducted to determine whether simulated biological or chemical agents concealed in mail packages or under clothing could be detected using holographic radar imaging techniques. The results of this study will be presented in this paper.

McMakin, Douglas L.; Sheen, David M.; Griffin, Jeffrey W.; Valentine, Nancy B.; Lechelt, Wayne M.

2005-08-01

268

Personnel and mail screening with millimeter waves  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The detection and interdiction of biological and chemical warfare agents at point-of-entry military, government, and civilian facilities remains a high priority for security personnel. Commercial personnel and mail screening technologies for these harmful agents are still being developed and improved upon to meet all security client requirements. Millimeter-wave holographic imaging technology developed at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is an ideal sensor to interrogate objects concealed behind low dielectric barriers such as paper, cardboard, and clothing. It uses harmless millimeter waves to illuminate the object or person under surveillance. The waves penetrate through the low dielectric barrier and either reflects off or pass through the hidden object, depending on its material dielectric properties. The reflected signals are digitized and sent to high-speed computers to form high-resolution, three-dimensional (3-D) images. Feasibility imaging studies have been conducted to determine whether simulated biological or chemical agents concealed in mail packages or under clothing could be detected using holographic radar imaging techniques. The results of this study will be presented in this paper.

McMakin, Douglas L.; Sheen, David M.; Griffin, Jeffery W.; Valentine, Nancy B.; Lechelt, Wayne M.

2005-05-01

269

Addressee recognition for automated fax mail distribution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes a method that recognizes handwritten addresses for automated FAX mail distribution. The addressee field on FAX cover sheets indicated by a double line and the keyword 'TO:' is identified and recognized. Recognizing the addressee enables automatic distribution of received faxes to that individual's terminal through a router on a LAN system. In order to extract a handwritten double underline which is often slanted and fluctuates, a method using combinations of shift, logical operations and run-length features has been developed. A pair of parallel solid lines are recognized as a candidate for the double underlined addressee field. In order to determine this field, the keyword 'TO:' should also be recognized. Individual capital characters comprising the addressee information are extracted using a priori knowledge respecting stroke separation. After character recognition, word matching using a user directory and recognition results is carried out. The matching process comprises re-segmentation and re-recognition processes. An automated fax mail distribution system is developed on a DOS/V PC. An experiment using over 300 examples is conducted: 79% of the addressee fields are correctly extracted and 82% of those are correctly distributed without error. The total automatic distribution ratio of the data is 65%.

Akiyama, Teruo

1996-03-01

270

77 FR 75362 - New Mailing Standards for Domestic Mailing Services Products  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...delivery address can count toward the new high density plus prices will apply to both Standard Mail...Letters We add a new price tier for high density letters. In addition to the current high density tier which requires a minimum of 125...

2012-12-20

271

Effectiveness of Computer-Based Educational Technology in Distance Learning: A Review of the Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning at a distance has been on the fringe of educational acceptance since the first correspondence course was delivered through the mail system in return for academic credit. As distance learning has matured, elements of enhanced instructional design and advances in educational technology have migrated this medium of learning closer to the…

Lesh, Steven G.; Rampp, Lary C.

272

Going the Distance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and implementation of the distance education program at Peirce College. This Internet-mediated distance learning program focuses on practical fields of study, drawing on the college's strengths in business administration, information technology, and paralegal studies. (SLD)

Leno, Arthur J.

2003-01-01

273

Distance in architecture  

E-print Network

The document which follows represents an exploration of distance and its connection to architecture. This exploration is threefold. On one level it regards distance as an ontological question, researching for precedent ...

Criparacos, George C

1987-01-01

274

Social network from communities of electronic mail  

E-print Network

Social networks are analyzed as graphs under the scope of discrete mathematics which have a great range of applications in different contexts such as: technology, social phenomena and biological systems. At the present this theory gives a set of tools for a phenomenological analysis that would be difficult or almost impossible with a different approach. In this work social networks for different technical communities from electronic mail and ``News'' in Spanish language are constructed. The algorithm was based on the use of RFC2822 standards and RFC1036 to arm threads of messages. The results are quite different from that obtained by another kind of community as the jazz musicians community. Nevertheless they show an analogy to random graphs obtained by the ``Configuration Model'' method. This points the attention that some generalization assumptions are not correct.

Horacio Castellini; Lilia Romanelli

2005-09-08

275

Going the Distance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whoever said "Distance education begins in the 10th row" was taking a jab at the comatose kids at the back of his classroom, but the comment also taps into the old image of distance learners as disengaged themselves. That was then. Today, distance-learning programs are booming, in part due to demographic realities but also because recent advances…

Waters, John K.

2012-01-01

276

Making Distance Education Borderless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Begins with a tribute to Professor G. Ram Reddy (founder of Indira Gandhi National Open University), then focuses on enhancing the role of open universities in providing borderless distance education. Highlights include the need for open distance-education; philosophy and vision; the distance teaching system; the role of information technology;…

Srisa-An, Wichit

1997-01-01

277

A Hybrid Brain-Computer Interface-Based Mail Client  

PubMed Central

Brain-computer interface-based communication plays an important role in brain-computer interface (BCI) applications; electronic mail is one of the most common communication tools. In this study, we propose a hybrid BCI-based mail client that implements electronic mail communication by means of real-time classification of multimodal features extracted from scalp electroencephalography (EEG). With this BCI mail client, users can receive, read, write, and attach files to their mail. Using a BCI mouse that utilizes hybrid brain signals, that is, motor imagery and P300 potential, the user can select and activate the function keys and links on the mail client graphical user interface (GUI). An adaptive P300 speller is employed for text input. The system has been tested with 6 subjects, and the experimental results validate the efficacy of the proposed method. PMID:23690880

Yu, Tianyou; Li, Yuanqing; Long, Jinyi; Li, Feng

2013-01-01

278

Exploiting E-mail Structure to Improve Summarization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the design and implementation of a sys- tem to summarize e-mail messages. The system exploits two aspects of e-mail, thread reply chains and commonly-found features, to generate summaries. The system uses existing software designed to summarize single text documents. Such software typically performs best on well-authored, formal documents. E-mail messages, however, are typically neither well-authored, nor formal.

Derek Scott Lam; Steven L. Rohall; Chris Schmandt

2002-01-01

279

North-South Corridor Demonstration Project: Ethical and Logistical Challenges in the Design of a Demonstration Study of Early Antiretroviral Treatment for Long Distance Truck Drivers along a Transport Corridor through South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Zambia  

PubMed Central

Background. Long-distance truck drivers are at risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV and have suboptimal access to care. New HIV prevention strategies using antiretroviral drugs to reduce transmission risk (early antiretroviral therapy (ART) at CD4 count >350?cells/?L) have shown efficacy in clinical trials. Demonstration projects are needed to evaluate “real world” programme effectiveness. We present the protocol for a demonstration study to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and cost of an early ART intervention for HIV-positive truck drivers along a transport corridor across South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Zambia, as part of an enhanced strategy to improve treatment adherence and retention in care. Methods and Analysis. This demonstration study would follow an observational cohort of truck drivers receiving early treatment. Our mixed methods approach includes quantitative, qualitative, and economic analyses. Key ethical and logistical issues are discussed (i.e., choice of drug regimen, recruitment of participants, and monitoring of adherence, behavioural changes, and adverse events). Conclusion. Questions specific to the design of tailored early ART programmes are amenable to operational research approaches but present substantial ethical and logistical challenges. Addressing these in demonstration projects can inform policy decisions regarding strategies to reduce health inequalities in access to HIV prevention and treatment programmes. PMID:23606977

Gomez, G. B.; Venter, W. D. F.; Lange, J. M. A.; Rees, H.; Hankins, C.

2013-01-01

280

North-South Corridor Demonstration Project: Ethical and Logistical Challenges in the Design of a Demonstration Study of Early Antiretroviral Treatment for Long Distance Truck Drivers along a Transport Corridor through South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Zambia.  

PubMed

Background. Long-distance truck drivers are at risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV and have suboptimal access to care. New HIV prevention strategies using antiretroviral drugs to reduce transmission risk (early antiretroviral therapy (ART) at CD4 count >350?cells/ ? L) have shown efficacy in clinical trials. Demonstration projects are needed to evaluate "real world" programme effectiveness. We present the protocol for a demonstration study to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and cost of an early ART intervention for HIV-positive truck drivers along a transport corridor across South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Zambia, as part of an enhanced strategy to improve treatment adherence and retention in care. Methods and Analysis. This demonstration study would follow an observational cohort of truck drivers receiving early treatment. Our mixed methods approach includes quantitative, qualitative, and economic analyses. Key ethical and logistical issues are discussed (i.e., choice of drug regimen, recruitment of participants, and monitoring of adherence, behavioural changes, and adverse events). Conclusion. Questions specific to the design of tailored early ART programmes are amenable to operational research approaches but present substantial ethical and logistical challenges. Addressing these in demonstration projects can inform policy decisions regarding strategies to reduce health inequalities in access to HIV prevention and treatment programmes. PMID:23606977

Gomez, G B; Venter, W D F; Lange, J M A; Rees, H; Hankins, C

2013-01-01

281

Haptic Discrimination of Distance  

PubMed Central

While quite some research has focussed on the accuracy of haptic perception of distance, information on the precision of haptic perception of distance is still scarce, particularly regarding distances perceived by making arm movements. In this study, eight conditions were measured to answer four main questions, which are: what is the influence of reference distance, movement axis, perceptual mode (active or passive) and stimulus type on the precision of this kind of distance perception? A discrimination experiment was performed with twelve participants. The participants were presented with two distances, using either a haptic device or a real stimulus. Participants compared the distances by moving their hand from a start to an end position. They were then asked to judge which of the distances was the longer, from which the discrimination threshold was determined for each participant and condition. The precision was influenced by reference distance. No effect of movement axis was found. The precision was higher for active than for passive movements and it was a bit lower for real stimuli than for rendered stimuli, but it was not affected by adding cutaneous information. Overall, the Weber fraction for the active perception of a distance of 25 or 35 cm was about 11% for all cardinal axes. The recorded position data suggest that participants, in order to be able to judge which distance was the longer, tried to produce similar speed profiles in both movements. This knowledge could be useful in the design of haptic devices. PMID:25116638

van Beek, Femke E.; Bergmann Tiest, Wouter M.; Kappers, Astrid M. L.

2014-01-01

282

Break the Chain: Stop Junk E-Mail and Misinformation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

False virus alerts, hoaxes, and chain letters sent through e-mail are becoming almost commonplace, which makes them more annoying than ever. This is why Break the Chain tries to educate people to stop forwarding junk e-mail to their entire contacts list. The site offers some good guidelines for e-mail etiquette and how to research chain letters. It also has a searchable database of over 300 chain letters and hoaxes currently in circulation. A fun part of the site is the Yanking the Chain Awards, which is a monthly award given out to a particularly effective (and usually humorous) response to junk e-mail.

Ratliff, John R.

1999-01-01

283

E-Mail Address Privacy via PEA's (Proxy E-Mails Accounts)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Doing business electronically is a major tendency among customers and businesses but there is always a threat about personal information privacy. E-mail address is one thing about which customers expect that e-businesses will not misuse it. Most e-businesses have privacy policy but that usually changes with time. And in case of violating privacy it is difficult to find the original

Syed Rahman Mashwani; Shah Khusro; A. Min Tjoa

2009-01-01

284

Last Name First Name Mail Address  

E-print Network

:_________ If yes, what language/s? YesNo1. Do you speak a second language? 3. What form of transportation will you age group, specific population, problem focus, modality i.e. individual, family, group, community, etc

Illinois at Chicago, University of

285

DISTANCE ESTIMATION BETWEEN TRANSCEIVERS OVER SHORT DISTANCES  

E-print Network

................................................................................................. 1 2.1.1 Example WiFi test setup are performed to examine the effectivness and potential of these methods. None of the suggested methods. Eric R. Muth Dr. Richard R. Brooks #12;ABSTRACT Three methods for determining distances between a user

Hoover, Adam

286

?-Synuclein: The Long Distance Runner  

PubMed Central

Parkinson's disease is characterized by ?-synuclein pathology in the form of Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites. Braak et al described the spatial and temporal spread of ?-synuclein pathology in Parkinson's disease. Recent experimental studies have demonstrated that ?-synuclein can transfer from cell to cell. In this review, we highlight the involvement of ?-synuclein in Parkinson's disease and in Braak's staging of Parkinson's disease pathology. We discuss whether a prion-like mechanism of ?-synuclein spread might contribute to Parkinson's disease pathology. We describe recent studies investigating cell-to-cell transfer of ?-synuclein and focus our review on the long-distance axonal transport of ?-synuclein along neurons. PMID:23587141

George, Sonia; Rey, Nolwen L; Reichenbach, Nicole; Steiner, Jennifer A; Brundin, Patrik

2013-01-01

287

Distance to the Moon  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is about scale and distance. Learners will use simple sports balls as scale models of Earth and the Moon. Given the astronomical distance between Earth and the Moon, students will determine the scale of the model system and the distance that must separate the two models. This activity is in Unit 1 of the Exploring the Moon teachers guide, which is designed for use especially, but not exclusively, with the Lunar Sample Disk program.

288

Long Distance Airplanes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this math meets engineering activity, learners make paper airplanes and explore attributes related to increasing flight distances. Each learner collects data from three flights of the airplane and finds the median distance. Learners then collect, organize, display, and interpret the median distances for the group in a stem-and-leaf plot. This lesson guide includes questions for learners, assessment options, extensions, and reflection questions.

Mathematics, National C.

2012-01-01

289

Local Distance Indicators  

E-print Network

A summary is given of the calibration of the Cepheid scale required in the derivation of distances from observations at V and I, as in the HST work on extragalactic Cepheids. There is some evidence that a small metallicity correction may be necessary in deriving distances in this way. The evidence for this comes both from observations of Cepheids of different metallicities and from a comparison of the LMC distance modulus derived from Cepheids and that derived by other methods.

Michael Feast

2000-10-29

290

Distances between Banach spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main object of the paper is to study the distance between Banach spaces\\u000aintroduced by Kadets. For Banach spaces $X$ and $Y$, the Kadets distance is\\u000adefined to be the infimum of the Hausdorff distance $d(B_X,B_Y)$ between the\\u000arespective closed unit balls over all isometric linear embeddings of $X$ and\\u000a$Y$ into a common Banach space $Z.$ This is

Nigel J. Kalton; Mikhail I. Ostrovskii

1999-01-01

291

Using Electronic Mail to Manage the Implementation of Educational Innovations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the use of electronic mail (e-mail) as an important resource for managing the implementation of educational innovations, focusing on its use in English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) courses to foster communication between the ESL program and teaching assistants in charge of ESL courses. (11 references) (MDM)

Markee, Numa

1994-01-01

292

Handleiding Exchange Mail (NUWD) op Android 4.1.2  

E-print Network

Handleiding Exchange Mail (NUWD) op Android 4.1.2 Version: 1.0 Exchange Mail Date: 11-04-2013 #12 een Android device. Aan het einde van deze handleiding staat uitgelegd hoe u het Exchange account kan verwijderen van uw Android device. Onderstaande screenshots kunnen per device afwijken. Let ook op dat veel

Galis, Frietson

293

Changing Technology and the U.S. Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The changes in technology that have affected mail delivery are a dynamic way to encourage students to think critically and make meaningful connections across historical eras. In the classroom, personal communication through the mail can become the "thematic glue" used across historical units to highlight the changes in everyday life caused by…

Gandy, S. Kay; Resor, Cynthia Williams

2012-01-01

294

A Discourse Analysis of School Counseling Supervisory E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a discourse analysis of weekly computer-mediated communications between 8 school counseling interns and their e-mail supervisor over a 16-week semester. Course-required e-mail supervision was provided as an adjunct to traditional face-to-face individual and group supervision. School counselor supervisees and supervisor enacted 3…

Luke, Melissa; Gordon, Cynthia

2011-01-01

295

Characteristics of Parent-Teacher E-Mail Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past decade, the use of computer-mediated communication such as e-mail has reportedly increased the level of parental involvement and parent-teacher communication at the elementary and secondary level. However, research has not yet examined the characteristics of parent-teacher e-mail communication. Thirty parent and 30 teacher interviews…

Thompson, Blair

2008-01-01

296

Target Marketing and Direct Mail: A Smart Campaign Combination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Market segmentation is a marketing strategy that helps identify and classify a camp's product or service and determine the needs of a targeted market for the purpose of allocating marketing resources. Offers strategies for defining a target market and discusses the benefits of direct mail, deriving a mailing list, and suggestions for using a…

Brostoff, Mark J.

1994-01-01

297

76 FR 55799 - Outbound International Mailings of Lithium Batteries  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Outbound International Mailings of Lithium Batteries AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION...limits for the outbound mailing of lithium batteries to international, or APO, FPO or DPO...equipment with lithium metal or lithium-ion batteries that were to be effective October...

2011-09-09

298

E-Mails Reveal Federal Reach Over Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports how an "Education Week" review of hundreds of e-mail exchanges that detail a pattern of federal interference in "Reading First" have skirted legal prohibitions. In regular e-mail discussions, Christopher J. Doherty, the Reading First director at the U.S. Department of Education until last September, and G. Reid Lyon, a branch…

Manzo, Kathleen Kennedy

2007-01-01

299

The USA PATRIOT Act: Implications for Private E-Mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the aftermath of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the USA PATRIOT Act was enacted to “enhance domestic security.” One of the means to accomplish this was to give law enforcement increased authority for the surveillance, interception, and disclosure of private e-mails. The USA PATRIOT Act negated several of the privacy protections afforded private e-mail under the Electronic

Tina Ebenger

2008-01-01

300

Teacher Talk on E-Mail. Current Conversations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A high school and a university teacher converse via e-mail concerning their cooperative project in electronic literacy. The conversation highlights the frustrations of system crashes, student successes and failures, and the beginning of one teacher's dissertation. References to technology include experiences with e-mail, an LCD panel, and closed…

Whitaker, Elaine; Hill, Elaine

1996-01-01

301

Vijay Kumar e-mail: kumar2@purdue.edu  

E-print Network

Vijay Kumar e-mail: kumar2@purdue.edu Jeffrey F. Rhoads1 e-mail: jfrhoads@purdue.edu School microsystems have drawn considerable interest from the MEMS/NEMS research community not only due to their broad actuation profile, on the system's transient response is then investigated. Ultimately, the methodologies

Rhoads, Jeffrey F.

302

Response rates to mail surveys published in medical journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The purpose of this study was to characterize response rates for mail surveys published in medical journals; to determine how the response rate among subjects who are typical targets of mail surveys varies; and to evaluate the contribution of several techniques used by investigators to enhance response rates. Methods. One hundred seventy-eight manuscripts published in 1991, representing 321 distinct

David A. Asch; M. Kathryn Jedrziewski; Nicholas A. Christakis

1997-01-01

303

Groupware perceptions and reality: an E-mail survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors discuss the research trends in groupware and the products that are currently available, and describe the results of an electronic mail (E-mail) survey conducted among 278 empirical researchers, system developers, and end-users of computer-supported cooperative work products and systems. The directions for future research in terms of the emerging trends are also presented

Jeff Butterfield; Sukumar Rathnam; Andrew B. Whinston

1993-01-01

304

Learning U.S. Geography with The Great Mail Race  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People nowadays communicate with each other in many ways. Beyond sending letters and postcards, Internet services such as e-mail, blogs, chatrooms, instant messaging, and video conferencing are used. It should be no surprise that children love to get mail too, and it is nice to know that the envelope-and-stamp variety has not lost its charm.…

Junkel, Shelli; Strong, Jill; Hannon, Janna

2007-01-01

305

Gender Differences in Perceived Gratifications Obtained through Electronic Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Electronic mail provides users with unique positive psychological consequences that differentiate it from other media. These consequences or gratifications have been mentioned separately across the electronic mail literature, yet there is no specific measure for these gratifications. The study found that females (M = 7.7; SD = 1.8) achieve higher…

Harper, Vernon B., Jr.; Harper, Erika J.

2010-01-01

306

Differences between Males and Females Concerning Perceived Electronic Mail Appropriateness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Electronic mail is one of the most successfully diffused modern communication technologies. Yet, few researchers have investigated whether gender differences exist in perceptions of the types of appropriateness embedded within electronic mail messages. A framework originally created by Wiemann and Backlund (1980) served as the basis for the…

Harper, Vernon B., Jr.

2008-01-01

307

A Critical Analysis of Interview, Telephone, and Mail Survey Designs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical analysis is presented of the literature as it relates to survey research, including personal interviews, telephone interviews, and mail questionnaires. Additional research concerns are explored, and a code of ethics for survey researchers is presented. Focus groups, interviews, long interviews, telephone interviews, and mail surveys are…

Katz, Elinor

308

76 FR 50414 - International Mail Manual; Incorporation by Reference  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The International Mail Manual was issued on...version of May 11, 2009. The International Mail Manual is available...in 39 CFR Part 20 Foreign relations; Incorporation by reference...as follows: PART 20--INTERNATIONAL POSTAL SERVICE 0 1....

2011-08-15

309

Liability Issues and the Internet. Part 1: Electronic Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines liability issues and Internet use--specifically e-mail--that libraries should be aware of. Discusses confidentiality and employer review; how federal laws, statutory limitations, and Illinois State Constitution and statutes affect employer e-mail monitoring; invasion of privacy; and the Freedom of Information Act. Offers procedural and…

Uhler, Scott F.; And Others

1996-01-01

310

E-Mail at Work: Is it Really Private?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the controversy of e-mail privacy in the workplace. Once an employee uses an e-mail system that belongs to the employer, according to recent case law, their privacy rights are forfeited. Employers will now have to start creating policies to safeguard themselves from expensive litigation, and employees will have to be more…

Rosenblum, Cindy

311

Toward an Ethics and Etiquette for Electronic Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Electronic mail and message systems are playing an increasing role in the work performed today, and both the effects and the side-effects of this new communication medium can be substantial. This report discusses a number of issues related to the use of electronic mail and suggests guidelines for its effective use. The report focuses on some…

Shapiro, Norman Z.; Anderson, Robert H.

312

E-mail communication in paediatrics: Ethical and clinical considerations  

PubMed Central

E-mail has become a commonplace ‘procedure’ in medical practice because it is efficient and inexpensive. However, there are potential misuses and abuses of this form of written communication, with clinical and ethical implications. Common uses of e-mail in paediatics include general communication with colleagues in a professional setting; electronic formal consultation, in which patient confidentiality is paramount; electronic ‘curb-side’ consultation, which may be perceived as a formal consultation; electronic discussion groups, which lack peer review; communication with current patients or their parents, which should be limited to simple, nonurgent issues; and communication with individuals seeking medical advice who are not patients, which is generally ill-advised. The present practice point offers a few practical suggestions including e-mail etiquette, security measures to ensure confidentiality, development of an e-mail policy for patients and parents, and separation of personal from professional e-mail. PMID:21358897

Albersheim, S

2010-01-01

313

“Who's reading my e-mail?”: a study of professionals' e-mail usage and privacy perceptions in the workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-mail privacy in the workplace has emerged as one of the most complex ethical and legal issues confronting corporate communication in the electronic age. The paper discusses the array of legal and ethical concerns of e-mail privacy in the workplace. Building on the existing body of knowledge on the topic, the results of a research study are presented which explore

Patricia A. Chociey

1997-01-01

314

What Can OSS Mailing Lists Tell Us? A Preliminary Psychometric Text Analysis of the Apache Developer Mailing List  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developer mailing lists are a rich source of information about Open Source Software (OSS) development. The un- structured nature of email makes extracting information dif- ficult. We use a psychometrically-based linguistic analysis tool, the LIWC, to examine the Apache httpd server devel- oper mailing list. We conduct three preliminary experiments to assess the appropriateness of this tool for information ex-

Peter C. Rigby; Ahmed E. Hassan

2007-01-01

315

Distance Education Handbook, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is designed to serve as a guide for community colleges as they plan distance learning programs. Produced by the Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges, it provides member institutions with guidelines and policies that will be considered in the evaluation of distance education. Eleven current accreditation concerns…

Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges, Santa Rosa, CA.

316

Distance Education in Entwicklungslandern.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seminar and conference reports and working papers on distance education of adults, which reflect the experiences of many countries, are presented. Contents include the draft report of the 1979 International Seminar on Distance Education held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, which was jointly sponsored by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa…

German Foundation for International Development, Bonn (West Germany).

317

Distance Education Clearinghouse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over its long history, the University of Wisconsin System has endeavored to assist persons in all corners of the state of Wisconsin, and has also extended its reach to different regions of the United States and the world. They have also been a leader in distance education, and in 1995, the University of Wisconsin-Extension division started the Distance Education Clearinghouse website. Visitors can look through one of the numerous headings on the website to begin their journey here, but they would do well to start at the âÂÂIntroduction to Distance Educationâ area. Here they can read different definitions of distance education, consider glossaries of related terms, and take a look at a FAQ section, which even answers such basics as âÂÂWhy distance education?â The other sections are equally helpful, as they contain research findings on the effectiveness of distance education, pedagogical support for teachers in distance education settings, and most pragmatically perhaps, a section dedicated to those seeking financial aid for distance education opportunities.

318

The Magnetopause Boundary Distance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a mathematical lesson utilizing algebra to investigate Earth's magnetosphere. Learners will solve algebraic distance equations that will show how the distance to the Earth's magnetopause depends on the incoming solar wind pressure. This is the twentieth and final activity in the Exploring the Earth's Magnetic Field: An IMAGE Satellite Guide to the Magnetosphere educators guide.

319

"Distance Education for Newbies".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the effectiveness of distance education at Morehead State University. Distance education, which operates via fiber optic telecommunications, has been delivered to as many as 18 sites. Twenty-three faculty and 622 students have participated in this program. The technologies used to present information include full motion video…

Lennex, Lesia C.

320

Biomechanics of Distance Running.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contributions from researchers in the field of running mechanics are included in the 13 chapters of this book. The following topics are covered: (1) "The Mechanics of Distance Running: A Historical Perspective" (Peter Cavanagh); (2) "Stride Length in Distance Running: Velocity, Body Dimensions, and Added Mass Effects" (Peter Cavanagh, Rodger…

Cavanagh, Peter R., Ed.

321

Misconceptions of Astronomical Distances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous empirical studies using multiple-choice procedures have suggested that there are misconceptions about the scale of astronomical distances. The present study provides a quantitative estimate of the nature of this misconception among US university students by asking them, in an open-ended response format, to make estimates of the distances

Miller, Brian W.; Brewer, William F.

2010-01-01

322

Mixing Web and Mail Methods in a Survey of Physicians  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the effects of two different mixed-mode (mail and web survey) combinations on response rates, response times, and nonresponse bias in a sample of primary care and specialty internal medicine physicians. Data Sources/Study Setting Primary data were collected from 500 physicians with an appointment in the Mayo Clinic Department of Medicine (DOM) between February and March 2005. Study Design Physicians were randomly assigned to receive either an initial mailed survey evaluating the Electronic Medical Record (EMR) with a web survey follow-up to nonrespondents or its converse—an initial web survey followed by a mailed survey to nonrespondents. Response rates for each condition were calculated using standard formula. Response times were determined as well. Nonresponse bias was measured by comparing selected characteristics of survey respondents to similar characteristics in the full sample frame. In addition, the distributions of results on key outcome variables were compared overall and by data collection condition and phase. Principal Findings Overall response rates were somewhat higher in the mail/web condition (70.5 percent) than in the web/mail condition (62.9 percent); differences were more pronounced before the mode switch prior to the mailing to nonrespondents. Median response time was 2 days faster in the web/mail condition than in the mail/web (median=5 and 7 days, respectively) but there was evidence of under-representation of specialist physicians and those who used the EMR a half a day or less each day in the web/mail condition before introduction of the mailed component. This did not translate into significant inconsistencies or differences in the distributions of key outcome variables, however. Conclusions A methodology that uses an initial mailing of a self-administered form followed by a web survey to nonrespondents provides slightly higher response rates and a more representative sample than one that starts with web and ends with a mailed survey. However, if the length of the data collection period is limited and rapid response is important, perhaps the web survey followed by a mailed questionnaire is to be preferred. Key outcome variables appear to be unaffected by the data collection method. PMID:17489911

Beebe, Timothy J; Locke, G Richard; Barnes, Sunni A; Davern, Michael E; Anderson, Kari J

2007-01-01

323

TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION  

E-print Network

TEXASTRANS TEXAS TRANSPORTATION HALL HONOR OF HALL HONOR OF TEXASTRAN HALL HONOR OF TEXASTRAN HALL HONOR OF Inductees #12;2 TEXAS TRANSPORTATION HALL HONOR OF L NOR OF Texas is recognized as having one in supporting the economic development of the state and in providing Texans a high quality of life. The creation

324

Educational Satellite Loan Guarantee Program Act, and Distance Learning. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space of the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. United States Senate. One Hundred Fourth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents witness testimony and supplemental materials from a Congressional hearing focused on the role of technology in promoting distance learning in the United States. Distance learning programs make educational resources available to citizens, regardless of socioeconomic status or geographic location, and enable citizens to remain…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation.

325

Galactic Distance Scales  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter begins with a discussion of the basic methods of determining astronomical distances, particularly, trigonometrical, statistical, and pulsational parallaxes. It then summarizes the current state of the calibration of various classes of pulsating variables (Classical Cepheids, type-II Cepheids, RR Lyraes, Miras, and ? Sct and SX Phe stars). Work on other distance indicators (e.g., the red giant clump and the tip of the red giant branch) is also summarized. The use of spectroscopic parallaxes and their application to supergiants and common stars as well as the methods of determining the distances to open and globular clusters are discussed. To illustrate and compare different distance indicators, their use in estimating the scale length of our Galaxy, and the distance to Galactic centre as well as the distances to the LMC, the Fornax dwarf spheroidal, and the spiral galaxy NGC4258 is discussed in some detail. An appendix summarizes some common bias problems that arise in the calibration and use of distance indicators.

Feast, Michael W.

326

76 FR 13000 - Transfer of Commercial First-Class Mail Parcels to Competitive Product List  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...POSTAL SERVICE Transfer of Commercial First-Class Mail Parcels to Competitive Product...Regulatory Commission to transfer commercial First-Class Mail Parcels from the Mail Classification...States Postal Service to transfer commercial First-Class Mail Parcels from the Mail...

2011-03-09

327

Comparing Response Rates in E-Mail and Paper Surveys: A Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This meta-analysis examined 35 study results within last 10 years that directly compared the response rates of e-mail versus mail surveys. Individual studies reported inconsistent findings concerning the response rate difference between e-mail and mail surveys, but e-mail surveys generally have lower response rate (about 20% lower on the average)…

Shih, Tse-Hua; Fan, Xitao

2009-01-01

328

The Educational Impact of E-Mail: Extraverted versus Introverted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students (N=151) completed surveys assessing the relationship between e-mail use and extraversion. The variables studied included time spent on e-mail; the frequency of e-mail usage; and the purposes e-mail served for each student. The results suggest that extraverts use e-mail as a form of procrastination more than introverts, and that…

Kunderewicz, Larisa; Michener, Stacey; Chambliss, Catherine

329

A Technology Primer for Distance Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An introduction to instructional technology systems used for distance learning applications is provided, with a compilation of technical information in straightforward terms. Broadcast communications theory is discussed, and several models of communications are considered, including transport mechanics and network facilities. The most prevalent…

Wagner, Ellen D.

330

Spectral distances on graphs  

E-print Network

By assigning a probability measure via the spectrum of the normalized Laplacian to each graph and using L^p Wasserstein distances between probability measures, we define the corresponding spectral distances d_p on the set of all graphs. This approach can even be extended to measuring the distances between infinite graphs. We prove that the diameter of the set of graphs, as a pseudo-metric space equipped with d_1, is one. We further study the behavior of d_1 when the size of graphs tends to infinity by interlacing inequalities aiming at exploring large real networks. A monotonic relation between d_1 and the evolutionary distance of biological networks is observed in simulations.

Jiao Gu; Bobo Hua; Shiping Liu

2014-02-25

331

Distance learning perspectives.  

PubMed

The development of modern technology and the Internet has enabled the explosive growth of distance learning. distance learning is a process that is increasingly present in the world. This is the field of education focused on educating students who are not physically present in the traditional classrooms or student's campus. described as a process where the source of information is separated from the students in space and time. If there are situations that require the physical presence of students, such as when a student is required to physically attend the exam, this is called a hybrid form of distance learning. This technology is increasingly used worldwide. The Internet has become the main communication channel for the development of distance learning. PMID:24222934

Pandza, Haris; Masic, Izet

2013-01-01

332

Automobile Stopping Distances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the effect of vehicle mass on stopping distances. Analyzes an example of a sample vehicle and tire, and calculates the braking acceleration showing the effect of different factors on the stopping performance of the tires. (GA)

Logue, L. J.

1979-01-01

333

Long-distance transport of Hg, Sb, and As from a mined area, conversion of Hg to methyl-Hg, and uptake of Hg by fish on the Tiber River basin, west-central Italy.  

PubMed

Stream sediment, stream water, and fish were collected from a broad region to evaluate downstream transport and dispersion of mercury (Hg) from inactive mines in the Monte Amiata Hg District (MAMD), Tuscany, Italy. Stream sediment samples ranged in Hg concentration from 20 to 1,900 ng/g, and only 5 of the 17 collected samples exceeded the probable effect concentration for Hg of 1,060 ng/g, above which harmful effects are likely to be observed in sediment-dwelling organisms. Concentrations of methyl-Hg in Tiber River sediment varied from 0.12 to 0.52 ng/g, and although there is no established guideline for sediment methyl-Hg, these concentrations exceeded methyl-Hg in a regional baseline site (<0.02 ng/g). Concentrations of Hg in stream water varied from 1.2 to 320 ng/L, all of which were below the 1,000 ng/L Italian drinking water Hg guideline and the 770 ng/L U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) guideline recommended to protect against chronic effects to aquatic wildlife. Methyl-Hg concentrations in stream water varied from <0.02 to 0.53 ng/L and were generally elevated compared to the baseline site (<0.02 ng/L). All stream water samples contained concentrations of As (<1.0-6.2 ?g/L) and Sb (<0.20-0.37 ?g/L) below international drinking water guidelines to protect human health (10 ?g/L for As and 20 ?g/L for Sb) and for protection against chronic effects to aquatic wildlife (150 ?g/L for As and 5.6 ?g/L for Sb). Concentrations of Hg in freshwater fish muscle ranged from 0.052-0.56 ?g/g (wet weight), mean of 0.17 ?g/g, but only 17 % (9 of 54) exceeded the 0.30 ?g/g (wet weight) USEPA fish muscle guideline recommended to protect human health. Concentrations of Hg in freshwater fish in this region generally decreased with increasing distance from the MAMD, where fish with the highest Hg concentrations were collected more proximal to the MAMD, whereas all fish collected most distal from Hg mines contained Hg below the 0.30 ?g/g fish muscle guideline. Data in this study indicate some conversion of inorganic Hg to methyl-Hg and uptake of Hg in fish on the Paglia River, but less methylation of Hg and Hg uptake by freshwater fish in the larger Tiber River. PMID:23666049

Gray, John E; Rimondi, Valentina; Costagliola, Pilario; Vaselli, Orlando; Lattanzi, Pierfranco

2014-02-01

334

76 FR 53056 - Outbound International Mailings of Lithium Batteries  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...normal handling in the mail. 135.63...Rechargeable) Cells and Batteries...consumer-type lithium-ion cells and batteries like those used to power cell phones and laptop computers are mailable in a single shipment with the following...

2011-08-25

335

19 CFR 191.165 - No exportation by mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) DRAWBACK Distilled Spirits, Wines, or Beer Which Are Unmerchantable or Do Not Conform to Sample or Specifications § 191.165 No exportation by mail....

2010-04-01

336

Mining writeprints from anonymous e-mails for forensic investigation  

E-print Network

for such activities. Extracting knowledge and information from e-mail text has become an important step for cybercrime of cybercrimes. In spam- ming, for instance, a culprit may attempt to hide his true identity. Likewise

Fung, Benjamin C. M.

337

75 FR 34017 - International Mail Manual; Incorporation by Reference  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...service as one of its international money transfer services...the previous Issue. The International Mail Manual is available...in 39 CFR Part 20 Foreign relations, Incorporation by reference...as follows: PART 20--INTERNATIONAL POSTAL SERVICE 0 1....

2010-06-16

338

Extremely High-Frequency Holographic Radar Imaging of Personnel and Mail  

SciTech Connect

The awareness of terrorists covertly transporting chemical warfare (CW) and biological warfare (BW) agents into government, military, and civilian facilities to harm the occupants has increased dramatically since the attacks of 9/11. Government and civilian security personnel have a need for innovative surveillance technology that can rapidly detect these lethal agents, even when they are hidden away in sealed containers and concealed either under clothing or in hand-carried items such as mailed packages or handbags. Sensor technology that detects BW and CW agents in mail or sealed containers carried under the clothing are under development. One promising sensor technology presently under development to defeat these threats is active millimeter-wave holographic radar imaging, which can readily image concealed items behind paper, cardboard, and clothing. Feasibility imaging studies at frequencies greater than 40 GHz have been conducted to determine whether simulated biological or chemical agents concealed in mail packages or under clothing could be detected using this extremely high-frequency imaging technique. The results of this imaging study will be presented in this paper.

McMakin, Douglas L.; Sheen, David M.; Griffin, Jeffrey W.; Lechelt, Wayne M.

2006-08-01

339

Extremely high-frequency holographic radar imaging of personnel and mail  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The awareness of terrorists covertly transporting chemical warfare (CW) and biological warfare (BW) agents into government, military, and civilian facilities to harm the occupants has increased dramatically since the attacks of 9/11. Government and civilian security personnel have a need for innovative surveillance technology that can rapidly detect these lethal agents, even when they are hidden away in sealed containers and concealed either under clothing or in hand-carried items such as mailed packages or handbags. Sensor technology that detects BW and CW agents in mail or sealed containers carried under the clothing are under development. One promising sensor technology presently under development to detect these threats is active millimeter-wave holographic radar imaging, which can readily image concealed items behind paper, cardboard, and clothing. Feasibility imaging studies at frequencies greater than 40 GHz have been conducted to determine whether simulated biological or chemical agents concealed in mail packages or under clothing could be detected using this extremely high-frequency imaging technique. The results of this imaging study will be presented in this paper.

McMakin, Douglas L.; Sheen, David M.; Griffin, Jeffery W.; Lechelt, Wayne M.

2006-05-01

340

IntegraTUM Teilprojekt E-Mail: Rezentralisierung von E-Mail-Services  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Das Teilprojekt E-Mail hatte ursprünglich die Aufgabe einen zentralen Mailservice mit verteilter Administration der Mailadressen für die TUM aufzubauen und diesen durch Anti-Spam- und Anti-Viren-Maßnahmen zu schützen. Auf diesen Mailservice sollten sowohl die am LRZ gehosteten Maildomains als auch die vielen lokal betriebenen Mailserver - soweit von deren Betreibern gewünscht - migriert werden. Neben einigen Rückschlägen und Hindernissen kam es im Laufe des Projektes auch zu einer Änderung der Anforderungen, sodass zum Ende des Projektes statt eines reinen Mailsystems ein Doppelsystem mit "shared SMTP address space" bestehend aus einem klassischen Message-Store mit POP/IMAP-Zugriff auf Basis von Postfix + Dovecot und einem Groupware-System auf Basis von Microsoft Exchange in Produktion ging, wobei jeder Mitarbeiter und Student der TUM wählen kann, auf welchem der beiden Systeme sich seine Mailbox befindet.

Diehn, Max; Haarer, Ado; Schreiner, Alexander; Storz, Michael

341

Program For Local-Area-Network Electronic Mail  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

MailRoom is computer program for local-area network (LAN) electronic mail. Enables users of LAN to exchange electronically notes, letters, reminders, or any sort of communication via their computers. Links all users of LAN into communication circle in which messages created, sent, copied, printed, downloaded, uploaded, and deleted through series of menu-driven screens. Includes feature that enables users to determine whether messages sent have been read by receivers. Written in Microsoft QuickBasic.

Weiner, Michael J.

1989-01-01

342

SureMail: Notification Overlay for Email Reliability  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the problem of silent email loss in the Internet. Some recent studies have reported loss rates of 0.5-1%, which indicates that the problem is significant, especially since email loss can impose a high cost. We present SureMail, a system designed to address the silent email loss problem. SureMail augments the existing SMTP-based email system with a notification overlay

Sharad Agarwal; Venkata N. Padmanabhan; Dilip A. Joseph

2005-01-01

343

Celebrating Distance Teaching Innovations: The Certificate in Distance Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Charles Sturt University (Riverina, Australia) has initiated the Certificate in Distance Teaching course for rural teachers working in a distance education setting to extend their understandings about rural and distance education topics. Two semester-long subjects constitute the course: pedagogy of distance teaching and organization of distance

Boylan, Colin; Tuovinen, Juhani

344

39 CFR 3020.112 - Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. 3020.112 Section 3020.112 ...Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.112 Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. The Postal Service shall...

2013-07-01

345

39 CFR 3020.112 - Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. 3020.112 Section 3020.112 ...Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.112 Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. The Postal Service shall...

2012-07-01

346

39 CFR 3020.111 - Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. 3020.111 Section 3020.111... Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.111 Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. (a) The Postal Service...

2013-07-01

347

39 CFR 3020.111 - Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. 3020.111 Section 3020.111... Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.111 Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. (a) The Postal Service...

2012-07-01

348

21 CFR 203.30 - Sample distribution by mail or common carrier.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Sample distribution by mail or common carrier. 203.30 Section 203...30 Sample distribution by mail or common carrier. (a) Requirements for drug sample distribution by mail or common carrier. A manufacturer...

2010-04-01

349

76 FR 59504 - Intelligent Mail Package Barcode (IMpb) Implementation for Commercial Parcels  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Barcode (IMpb) Implementation for Commercial Parcels AGENCY: Postal Service \\TM...Mail unique tracking barcode on all commercial parcels, except Standard Mail[supreg...including confirmation of delivery on all commercial parcels except Standard Mail and...

2011-09-27

350

75 FR 51668 - Optional Mail Preparation Standards for Flat-Size Mailpieces in FSS Zones  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 Optional Mail Preparation Standards for Flat-Size...Saturation price Standard Mail and Periodicals carrier route...accurate delivery point Intelligent Mail barcode or POSTNET barcode including a fully populated routing code field (11 digits)....

2010-08-23

351

78 FR 13006 - New Intelligent Mail Package Barcode Standards To Enhance Package Visibility; Opportunity for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...March 28, 2013. ADDRESSES: Mail or deliver written comments...processing equipment and Intelligent Mail scanning devices. The tracking...structure of IMpb includes: A routing code to facilitate the processing...which identifies the exact mail class and service...

2013-02-26

352

41 CFR 102-192.145 - Which program levels should have a mail manager?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01...false Which program levels should have a mail...Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION ADMINISTRATIVE...PROGRAMS 192-MAIL MANAGEMENT Program Level Mail...

2010-07-01

353

39 CFR 3020.111 - Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. 3020.111 Section 3020.111... Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.111 Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. (a) The Postal Service...

2011-07-01

354

39 CFR 3020.112 - Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. 3020.112 Section 3020.112 ...Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.112 Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. The Postal Service shall...

2011-07-01

355

39 CFR 3020.111 - Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. 3020.111 Section 3020.111... Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.111 Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. (a) The Postal Service...

2010-07-01

356

39 CFR 3020.112 - Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. 3020.112 Section 3020.112 ...Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.112 Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. The Postal Service shall...

2010-07-01

357

76 FR 75461 - Express Mail Domestic Postage Refund Policy and Waiver of Signature  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...is requested. * * * * * * * * 600 Basic Standards for All Mailing Services 601 Mailability * * * * * 11.0 Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco * * * * * 11.5 Exception for Business/Regulatory Purposes * * * * * 11.5.2 Mailing * * * All mailings...

2011-12-02

358

76 FR 62000 - Express Mail Domestic Postage Refund Policy and Waiver of Signature  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...is requested. * * * * * * * * 600 Basic Standards for All Mailing Services 601 Mailability * * * * * 11.0 Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco * * * * * 11.5 Exception for Business/Regulatory Purposes * * * * * 11.5.2 Mailing * * * All mailings...

2011-10-06

359

7 CFR 355.21 - Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by mail. 5  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by...Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...SPECIES REGULATIONS CONCERNING TERRESTRIAL PLANTS Inspections and Related Provisions...

2010-01-01

360

7 CFR 355.21 - Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by mail. 5  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by...Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...SPECIES REGULATIONS CONCERNING TERRESTRIAL PLANTS Inspections and Related Provisions...

2012-01-01

361

7 CFR 355.21 - Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by mail. 5  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by...Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...SPECIES REGULATIONS CONCERNING TERRESTRIAL PLANTS Inspections and Related Provisions...

2013-01-01

362

7 CFR 355.21 - Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by mail. 5  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by...Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...SPECIES REGULATIONS CONCERNING TERRESTRIAL PLANTS Inspections and Related Provisions...

2011-01-01

363

Operating MeshSurvivable WDM Transport Networks Murari Sridharan, Murti V. Salapaka, Arun K. Somani  

E-print Network

Operating Mesh­Survivable WDM Transport Networks Murari Sridharan, Murti V. Salapaka, Arun K Sridharan: E­mail: murari@iastate.edu Murti V. Salapaka: E­mail: murti@iastate.edu Arun K. Somani: E­mail: arun@iastate.edu #12; 1.1. Related Work To date, design problems in mesh­survivable WDM networks have

364

Distance Learning for Similarity Estimation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a general guideline to find a better distance measure for similarity estimation based on statistical analysis of distribution models and distance functions. A new set of distance measures are derived from the harmonic distance, the geometric distance, and their generalized variants according to the Maximum Likelihood theory. These measures can provide a more accurate feature

Jie Yu; Jaume Amores; Nicu Sebe; Petia Radeva; Qi Tian

2008-01-01

365

Keeping the ball in the air: contact in long-distance friendships.  

PubMed

As people continue to be more mobile, maintenance behaviors for long-distance friendships will continue to be a part of the relocation experience. In this qualitative study, 25 women age 45 and over, who had relocated a number of times, were asked to talk about how their friendships had transitioned to being long-distance relationships and what current maintenance behaviors entailed. Communication was a major theme involving electronic mail (e-mail), Christmas cards, telephone calls, and visits. Results from the current study suggest that maintaining the perception of the existence of a well-connected social support system could be accomplished with a single, annual contact. Further, the long-distance friendship biographies explored in this study provided characteristics of friendship maintenance behavior that could be grouped into three main categories forming a proposed typology of long-distance friendship maintenance. PMID:16186097

Finchum, Tanya D

2005-01-01

366

Cosmic Distance Scale  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This NASA site was developed by Maggie Masetti to demonstrate astronomical distances and help users grasp the size our universe. Starting at Earth, users simply select the Zoom Out link to see continuously larger areas of our universe until they reach The Farthest Visible Reaches of Space. At each stop, visitors can click on the Tell Me About ___! link to receive information about the particular object such as its importance, its distance, and the time it would take to travel to the object. Teachers and students will find this site both incredibly easy to navigate and very educational.

Masetti, Maggie.

367

Distances to star forming regions  

E-print Network

The determination of accurate distances to star-forming regions are discussed in the broader historical context of astronomical distance measurements. We summarize recent results for regions within 1 kpc and present perspectives for the near and more distance future.

Loinard, Laurent

2014-01-01

368

Quantum Energy Teleportation without Limit of Distance  

E-print Network

Quantum energy teleportation (QET) is, from an operational viewpoint of distant protocol users, the transportation of energy via local operations and classical communication. QET has various links to fundamental research fields, including black hole physics, the quantum theory of Maxwell's demon, and condensed-matter entanglement. There are promising signs that QET will be experimentally verified using the chiral boson fields of quantum Hall edge currents. In this Letter, we prove that, using the vacuum state of a quantum field, the upper bound of the amount of energy teleported by QET is inversely proportional to the transfer distance. This distance bound can be overcome by using squeezed states with local-vacuum regions.

Hotta, Masahiro; Yusa, Go

2014-01-01

369

Improving mail survey results with on-site survey data  

SciTech Connect

California electric utilities often conduct large mail surveys to collect information on end uses and user characteristics of their customers. The reliability of self-reported data from these surveys has, however, rarely been examined. This paper examines results from recent mail surveys that have been followed-up with smaller, on-site validation studies. Although preliminary in nature, the results indicate that for both the residential and commercial building sectors, self-reported main space heating and cooling systems and fuel types, and square footage may be misreported. Residential conservation measures may also be misreported. Given self-reporting inaccuracies, this paper proposes econometric techniques to combine on-site audit information and mail survey information to obtain consistent and efficient estimates of the population means of the variables of interest. This paper is outlined as follows. Initially, descriptive statistics comparing mail and on-site responses will be reported. Next, theoretical models outlining the methods to associated mail and on-site data are illustrated. Following the discussion of theory, empirical results from estimating the theoretical models are presented.

Kandel, A.; Lang, J. [California Energy Commission, Sacramento, CA (United States); McNally, M. [NEOS Corp., Sacramento, CA (United States)

1995-05-01

370

Standardizing distance and time  

E-print Network

Einstein's Equivalence Principle is used with the electromagnetic spectrum to translate meters and seconds into radians and seconds. Based on a unique geometric relationship, a new transformation of velocities and a changed Lorentz transformation result. The physical angle of parallelism is quantified. The way we measure distance and time is standardized, constructing a theory of time and geometry to the universe.

Russell Clark Eskew

2001-07-04

371

Estimating Distance and Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn to estimate the time it takes to travel different distances based on an estimation of the time it takes to travel a part of the whole route. This reinforces basic fractional/ratio thinking, as well as early multiplication as repeated addition.

Wnet

2008-08-22

372

The Google Similarity Distance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Words and phrases acquire meaning from the way they are used in society, from their relative semantics to other words and phrases. For computers the equivalent of 'society' is 'database,' and the equivalent of 'use' is 'way to search the database.' We present a new theory of similarity between words and phrases based on information distance and Kolmogorov complexity. To

Rudi L. Cilibrasi; Paul M. B. Vitányi

2007-01-01

373

ESP and Distance Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance learning (DL) is proposed as one means of providing in-session language classes for non-native-speaking postgraduate students at English-medium universities. A DL preparatory language program at the Asian Institute of Technology in Bangkok is described. (48 references) (Author/LB)

Boyle, Ron

1994-01-01

374

Distance Learning Funding Sources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide provides an annotated listing of funding sources for distance learning projects in the following categories: (1) corporate foundations (16 sources); (2) cable television programming sources (12 sources); (3) U.S. Department of Education funding, including Educational Development and Research Centers, Partnership Programs,…

Lucero, Jesus Ricardo; And Others

375

Encyclopedia of Distance Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The innovations in computer and communications technologies combined with on-going needs to deliver educational programs to students regardless of their physical locations, have lead to the innovation of distance education programs and technologies. To keep up with recent developments in both areas of technologies and techniques related to…

Howard, Caroline, Ed.; Boettecher, Judith, Ed.; Justice, Lorraine, Ed.; Schenk, Karen, Ed.; Rogers, Patricia, Ed.; Berg, Gary, Ed.

2005-01-01

376

The Cosmic Distance Scale  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of web-based exercises takes students on an interactive tour measuring cosmic distances. The exercises systematically steps out in scale from the familiar world of everyday objects to larger and larger astronomical scales, ultimately exploring the expansion rate of the universe. Links to other resources on the web are included.

Larson, Ana

2004-07-17

377

Distance Teaching in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the work of China's Central Radio and Television University (CRTVU) as a solution to educational development through distance education. The organizational structure of CRTVU and the students involved are described, resources and finances are explained, and a case study of the work of the English Department is given. (LRW)

Howells, Graham

1989-01-01

378

Learning across Distance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 2008 report, "Keeping Pace with K-12 Online Learning," commissioned by North American Council for Online Learning (NACOL) and others, defines online learning as "teacher-led education that takes place over the Internet, with the teacher and student separated geographically." The term "distance learning" includes online education, but is…

Cowan, Kristina

2009-01-01

379

The Cosmic Distance Scale  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource gives an impression of how immense our Universe is by starting with an image of the Earth and then zooming out to the furthest visible reaches of the Universe. Its goal is to show astronomical distances without scientific notation. Instead, it focuses on the large number of zeros that are in astronomical distances when we measure them with a familiar unit like the kilometer. The number of zeros increases with each zoom, though not at a constant rate. The progression is from Earth to Solar System, to nearest star system, to the solar neighborhood, to our galaxy, to the next galaxy, and so on, to the farthest visible reaches of space. At each stop, the student can click for more information and learn about the image, about the distance, how the distance is calculated and why it is important, and the travel time to get there. Other stops include local groups of galaxies, local super-clusters, nearest super-clusters, and sheets and voids, including the Great Wall and the Perseus-Pisces Chain.

Masetti, Maggie

380

Distance Learning's Growing Reach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the use of videoconferencing and video broadcasts for distance learning and presents examples: the Georgia Statewide Academic and Medical System, California State University System, Kansas City Education Network, Impact North Carolina, the School of Visual Arts in Manhattan, National Technological University, GALAXY Classroom, and…

Walsh, John; Reese, Bob

1995-01-01

381

Distance Learning Programming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide for distance learning information, courses, and programming covers: (1) audiographics programming by the Pennsylvania Teleteaching Project; (2) cable programming, including the Cable Alliance for Education's Cable in the Classroom projects, Consumer News and Business Channel, Nostalgia Television, PENNARAMA Channel, Silent…

Lucero, Jesus Ricardo; And Others

382

Suspended Sediment Transit Distances Using Be7 as a Tracer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the behavior of suspended sediment transport is important, not only because fine sediment is a pollutant, but also because contaminants preferentially sorb to fine-grained particles. An important determinant of the hazards posed by fine sediment and adsorbed contaminants is the transit distance of fine sediments. This study investigates sediment transit distances in the Soda Butte Creek, an upland stream

T. S. Bukach; W. L. Fornes; G. Matisoff; P. J. Whiting

2001-01-01

383

Transactional issues in distance education: The impact of design in Audioteleconferencing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of a study of student perceptions of learning via audioconferencing in university?level courses delivered at a distance. Field observations, interviews, and a focus group were used to triangulate and deepen knowledge obtained from an initial mail survey. The results of the investigation revealed that the audioteleconferences were being used under two quite different instructional designs,

Terry D. Anderson; D. Randy Garrison

1995-01-01

384

Fingerprinting with Minimum Distance Shih-Chun Lin, Mohammad Shahmohammadi and Hesham El Gamal*  

E-print Network

Fingerprinting with Minimum Distance Decoding Shih-Chun Lin, Mohammad Shahmohammadi and Hesham El of the National Science Foundation, USA E-mail: {lins, shahmohm, helgamal}@ece.osu.edu. #12;1 Fingerprinting of collusion-resistant cod- ing/decoding schemes for digital fingerprinting. More specifically, the minimum

El-Gamal, Hesham

385

Distance Learning, the Internet, and the World Wide Web. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some of the newest methods of distance learning (DL) use the Internet and the World Wide Web. DL on the Internet usually takes one of the following forms: electronic mail; bulletin boards/newsgroups; downloading of course materials or tutorials; interactive tutorials on the Web; real-time, interactive conferencing; "intranets" (internal,…

Kerka, Sandra

386

14 CFR 151.95 - Fences; distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. 151.95 Section...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Project Programming Standards...distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. (a)...

2013-01-01

387

14 CFR 151.95 - Fences; distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. 151.95 Section...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Project Programming Standards...distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. (a)...

2011-01-01

388

14 CFR 151.95 - Fences; distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. 151.95 Section...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Project Programming Standards...distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. (a)...

2012-01-01

389

14 CFR 151.95 - Fences; distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work.  

...distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. 151.95 Section...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Project Programming Standards...distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. (a)...

2014-01-01

390

Distance Training as Part of a Distance Consulting Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Distance Training" models, when integrated in a more complex framework, such as a "Distance Consulting" model, present specific features and impose a revision of the strategies commonly adopted in distance training experiences. This paper reports on the distance training strategies adopted in a European funded project aimed at defining and…

Fulantelli, Giovanni; Chiazzese, Giuseppe; Allegra, Mario

391

Effect of Geographic Distance on Distance Education: An Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the effect of geographic distance on students' distance learning experience with the aim to provide tentative answers to a fundamental question--does geographic distance matter in distance education? Using educational outcome data collected from an online master's program in Geographic Information Systems, this…

Luo, Heng; Robinson, Anthony C.; Detwiler, Jim

2014-01-01

392

Successful Practices in the Use of Secure E-mail  

PubMed Central

Physician use of secure e-mail with patients is anticipated to increase under Stage 2 Meaningful Use requirements, but little is known about how physicians can successfully incorporate it into daily work. We interviewed 27 “super user” physicians at Kaiser Permanente and Group Health who were identified by leaders as being technologically, operationally, and clinically adept and as having high levels of secure e-mail use with patients. They highly valued the use of secure e-mail with patients, despite concerns about a lack of adequate time to respond, and provided tips for using it successfully. They identified benefits that included better care and improved relationships with their patients. PMID:24937149

Johnson, Laura W; Garrido, Terhilda; Christensen, Kate; Handley, Matt

2014-01-01

393

77 FR 42016 - Product Change-Every Door Direct Mail-Retail  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Change--Every Door Direct Mail--Retail AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM\\. ACTION...Commission to add Every Door Direct Mail--Retail to the market-dominant product list...Service to Add Every Door Direct Mail--Retail to the Mail Classification...

2012-07-17

394

76 FR 77942 - Service Standards for Market-Dominant Mail Products  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...mailings that do not require a bundle sort--will remain unchanged...for mailings that require a bundle sort, and 5 p.m. for mailings that do not require a bundle sort, to 11 a.m. and 2...STANDARDS FOR MARKET DOMINANT MAIL PRODUCTS 1. The authority...

2011-12-15

395

Putting Out the Flames: The Etiquette and Law of E-Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a summary of guidelines for the use of electronic mail (e-mail) and examines legal issues and existing law governing electronic communication. The Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 is discussed, lawsuits involving e-mail are described, and the future of e-mail privacy is considered. (11 references) (LRW)

Goode, Joanne; Johnson, Maggie

1991-01-01

396

75 FR 70132 - New Incentive Programs and Other Changes for Domestic Mailing Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Postal Service encourages the growth of automation letter-size mail volume, particularly...full-service Intelligent Mail [supreg] automation mailings entered at PostalOne! [supreg...mailers to include more content in their automation First-Class Mail letters by...

2010-11-17

397

Tutorial for the software tools mail system - MSG  

SciTech Connect

This manual was written with two purposes in mind: (1) to get started using the system quickly; and (2) to explain the more advanced features of the system needed when the mail load gets heavier and the time to spend dealing with it gets shorter. The first section shows you how to use the simplest form of each command, giving just enough information to use the mail system comfortably and still be productive. The second section defines additional terms and describes the more technical aspects of the system, and should be used as a reference guide.

Sventek, V.A.

1984-10-01

398

Active Distances for Convolutional Codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract— A family of active distance measures for general convolutional codes is defined. These distances are generalizations of the extended distances introduced by Thommesen and Justesen for unit memory,convolutional codes. It is shown that the error correcting capability of a convolutional code is determined by the active distances. The ensemble of periodically time-varying convolutional codes is defined and lower bounds

Stefan Höst; Rolf Johannesson; Kamil Sh. Zigangirov; Victor V. Zyablov

1999-01-01

399

Distance-Bounding Protocols  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is often the case in applications of cryptographic protocols that one party would like to determine a practical upper-bound\\u000a on the physical distance to the other party. For instance, when a person conducts a cryptographic identification protocol\\u000a at an entrance to a building, the access control computer in the building would like to be ensured that the person giving

Stefan Brands; David ChaumZ

400

Novae as distance indicators  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nova shells are characteristically prolate with equatorial bands and polar caps. Failure to account for the geometry can lead to large errors in expansion parallaxes for individual novae. When simple prescriptions are used for deriving expansion parallaxes from an ensemble of randomly oriented prolate spheroids, the average distance will be too small by factors of 10 to 15 percent. The absolute magnitudes of the novae will be underestimated and the resulting distance scale will be too small by the same factors. If observations of partially resolved nova shells select for large inclinations, the systematic error in the resulting distance scale could easily be 20 to 30 percent. Extinction by dust in the bulge of M31 may broaden and shift the intrinsic distribution of maximum nova magnitudes versus decay rates. We investigated this possibility by projecting Arp's and Rosino's novae onto a composite B - 6200A color map of M31's bulge. Thirty two of the 86 novae projected onto a smooth background with no underlying structure due to the presence of a dust cloud along the line of sight. The distribution of maximum magnitudes versus fade rates for these unreddened novae is indistinguishable from the distribution for the entire set of novae. It is concluded that novae suffer very little extinction from the filamentary and patchy distribution of dust seen in the bulge of M31. Time average B and H alpha nova luminosity functions are potentially powerful new ways to use novae as standard candles. Modern CCD observations and the photographic light curves of M31 novae found during the last 60 years were analyzed to show that these functions are power laws. Consequently, unless the eruption times for novae are known, the data cannot be used to obtain distances.

Ford, Holland C.; Ciardullo, Robin

1988-01-01

401

Using an E-Mail Exchange To Promote Cultural Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an intercultural e-mail exchange at the college level. Students in a beginning Spanish class in the United States and an intermediate English-as-a-Second-Language class in Mexico corresponded weekly for one semester. Suggestions for implementing electronic exchanges are offered. (Author/VWL)

Hertel, Tammy Jandrey

2003-01-01

402

Therapeutic neuroscience education via e-mail: a case report.  

PubMed

Abstract Therapeutic neuroscience education (TNE) aims to alter a patient's thoughts and beliefs about pain and has shown efficacy in treating chronic pain. To date, TNE sessions mainly consist of one-on-one verbal communication. This approach limits availability of TNE to pain patients in remote areas. A 32-year-old patient with chronic low back pain (CLBP) who underwent surgery for thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) attended a single clinic one-on-one TNE session followed by TNE via electronic mail (e-mail), pacing and graded exposure over a 4-month period. A physical examination, Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH), and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) were assessed during her initial physical therapy visit as well as 1 and 4 months later. Pre-TNE, the patient reported: NPRS (arm)?=?7/10; NPRS (leg)?=?4/10; ODI?=?10.0%; DASH?=?36.7%; FABQ-W?=?24; and FABQ-PA?=?17. After 5 e-mail sessions all outcome measures improved, most noticeably NRS (arm)?=?2/10; NRS (leg)?=?0/10; DASH?=?16.7%; FABQ-W?=?8; and FABQ-PA?=?7. TNE can potentially be delivered to suffering pain patients in remote areas or to individuals who have time and financial constraints, and likely at a significant reduced cost via e-mail. PMID:24779489

Louw, Adriaan

2014-11-01

403

E-Mail from Professor Enhances Student Motivation and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, professors use the first day of class to build rapport. However, current technology allows professors to contact students prior to the first day of class. This study assessed how the receipt of a welcoming e-mail from a female professor 1 week before the first day of class affected student motivation and attitudes toward the…

Legg, Angela M.; Wilson, Janie H.

2009-01-01

404

Name of Administrative Contact Title Phone E-mail  

E-print Network

Visual Mobility Chronic Health Hearing Mental Health Other To be completed by department or unitName of Administrative Contact Title Phone E-mail Phone University of Michigan Identification-time or Ongoing Cost Totals Were any equally effective accommodations considered? If yes, list and describe why

Daly, Samantha

405

Colleges Get out of E-Mail Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frantic troubleshooting by an overworked staff versus someone else fixing problems smoothly. A sliver of server space per person versus a five-gigabyte chunk. Half a million dollars versus free. That's what colleges are faced with as they decide whether to continue running their own e-mail services or outsource them to a professional service like…

Carnevale, Dan

2008-01-01

406

Adaptive Technology for Mail-Order Form Segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, an approach for adaptive region segmentation of mail-order forms for high volume application is described. Regions are first identified through a selection of their anchor points described by a constraint graph, illustrating their typographic aspects in the nodes, and their topographical relationships in the arcs. Then the identification of the actual anchor points is performed from a

Abdel Belaïd; Yolande Belaïd; Late N. Valverde; Saddok Kebairi

2001-01-01

407

75 FR 70128 - 2011 Changes for Domestic Mailing Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...terminology used for the pricing of nonbarcoded and...prices if they pass a Pricing and Classification...Information System Products and Services Address...a carrier route bundle of 10 or more pieces...presort mailing products accurately list...system itemized pricing standards....

2010-11-17

408

76 FR 65640 - New Standards for Domestic Mailing Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the manager, Product Classification...Mail Letters The pricing structure for...mailpieces to the Pricing and Classification...rule would allow bundles of Periodicals...information and/or product samples whose...prices for each product. There are also...through i.] 2.0 Bundles 2.1...

2011-10-24

409

E-mail and Phones Wednesday, August 01, 2012  

E-print Network

.ag.ohio-state.edu Albright, Mary Beth Ext Educ, 4-H, Erie County Ext Office 419/627-7631 (Office) Published Address: albrightE-mail and Phones Wednesday, August 01, 2012 A Abbott, Beth Systems Manager, Comm. & Technology), 614/292-2001 (Office) Published Address: ackley.19@osu.edu Email Forwarded To: ackley.19@osu.edu Adams

Jones, Michelle

410

EILEEN J. KLADIVKO Mailing Address: Department of Agronomy  

E-print Network

EILEEN J. KLADIVKO Mailing Address: Department of Agronomy Lilly Hall of Life Sciences 915 W. State@purdue.edu FAX: (765) 496-2926 Education: B.S. Environmental Science Purdue University 1975 M.S. Agronomy Purdue University of Poznan, Poznan, Poland. 1994-present Professor, Agronomy Dept., Purdue University 1988

Jackson, Scott A.

411

A Humanities Network Considers What Lies Beyond E-Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

H-NET (Humanities and Social Sciences OnLine) is a new, rapidly expanding international online network of scholars that was established to increase electronic mail communication among individuals. Currently, the program is devoting more attention to World Wide Web-related projects providing information and reference sources. Internal conflict…

Guernsey, Lisa

1997-01-01

412

76 FR 79072 - New Standards for Domestic Mailing Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...included in the applicable subject matter sections below. Changes for...contain books or other printed matter remains at 25 pounds regardless...Periodicals flats, SCF Bound Printed Matter, Standard mail irregular parcels...elsewhere. * * * * * 4.4.4 Dark Fibers and Background...

2011-12-21

413

E-Mail karger@karger.com Psychopathology  

E-print Network

E-Mail karger@karger.com Review Psychopathology DOI: 10.1159/000358097 Nonsuicidal Self throughout history, including biblical references to self- mutilation [1, 2]. Evidence of nonsuicidal self,NSSIhasenteredthemainstream, with celebrities such as Angelina Jolie and Demi Lovato reporting histories of `cutting' [4, 5]. MTV has featured

Gross, James J.

414

E-Mail karger@karger.com Experimental Chemotherapy  

E-print Network

E-Mail karger@karger.com Experimental Chemotherapy Chemotherapy 2013;59:24­34 DOI: 10 unrealistic. In addition to a lack of effectiveness of present-day chemotherapy against late-stage breast and Human Breast Cancer Tissue Chemotherapy 2013;59:24­34 DOI: 10.1159/000351099 25 cer. We chose to study

Terasaki, Mark

415

Policy for Protecting Outgoing Mason E-mail Introduction  

E-print Network

E-mail Outbound Action Taken Virus Checking Yes Yes Messages containing a virus are deleted. No notification is made to the sender or intended recipient. Messages containing a virus will be deleted. A reply disabled until the virus is remediated. Information about the message will be retained and sent

416

Official Student E-mail Policy A. Introduction  

E-print Network

of communicating official University information to students, is convenient, rapid, environmentally aware, and cost space (for e-mail storage) to all students, at no cost to the student. The University also distributes e. There are situations, however, in which the University has a legitimate need to do so: to protect the integrity

Papautsky, Ian

417

Risky Mail: Concerns in Confidential Attorney-Client Email  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early in the days of attorney-client email, David Hricik wrote a soothing law review article, Lawyers Worry Too Much About Transmitting Client Confidences By Internet E-mail, arguing that email had risks but could be assumed private for the purpose of professional ethics. The ABA agreed in 1999, issuing a formal opinion that encrypting email was not required by ethical standards,

Rebecca Bolin

2012-01-01

418

Langley Communications: Socializing and Snooping on E-mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a case study for use in business communication classes to help students understand and learn both the context and the strategies for the communication with business management. Deals with a business problem revolving around issues of appropriate e-mail use and privacy. Includes five assignments. (SR)

Rymer, Jone

1998-01-01

419

Ethics and Electronic Mail: A Study at Gallaudet University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the ethical use of electronic mail highlights a study at Gallaudet University (District of Columbia) that investigated student and faculty attitudes concerning privacy, equal access to information, and social conduct on the system. Results for deaf and hearing individuals are compared, and the use of telecommunications to help…

Olia, Fatemah N.; Martin, David S.

1994-01-01

420

Using Electronic Mail in an Educational Setting. Fastback 316.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of the always-changing field of microcomputers is the growing use of electronic mail/message systems (EMMS), a general term for describing the transmission of messages using computers and telecommunications facilities. As a result of these advances, it is possible for administrators, teachers, staff, and students to have immediate access to…

Wishnietsky, Dan H.

421

"E" for Exposed? E-Mail and Privacy Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of litigation, a number of companies have written policies declaring the right to monitor employee electronic communication. Discusses reasons why employers monitor employee e-mail, the prevalence of monitoring in universities, use and ethics policy statements, and bills of rights statements protecting employee privacy. (PEN)

Gannon-Leary, Pat

1997-01-01

422

The Mating Strategies and Mate Preferences of Mail Order Brides  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies explored the mating strategies and mate preferences of mail order brides (MOBs) from three different countries. In the first study, 48 Colombian MOBs were compared with 44 single Colombian women who were not MOBs on a variety of attitudinal and demographic characteristics. Both groups also identified qualities that they wished to communicate about themselves to a prospective mate,

Bibiana Paez Minervini; Francis T. McAndrew

2006-01-01

423

Untraceable electronic mail, return addresses, and digital pseudonyms  

Microsoft Academic Search

A technique based on public key cryptography is presented that allows an electronic mail system to hide who a participant communicates with as well as the content of the communication - in spite of an unsecured underlying telecommunication system. The technique does not require a universally trusted authority. One correspondent can remain anonymous to a second, while allowing the second

David L. Chaum

1981-01-01

424

Distance to Dark Bodies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Using the unique orbit of NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope and a depth-perceiving trick called parallax, astronomers have determined the distance to an invisible Milky Way object called OGLE-2005-SMC-001. This artist's concept illustrates how this trick works: different views from both Spitzer and telescopes on Earth are combined to give depth perception.

Our Milky Way galaxy is heavier than it looks, and scientists use the term 'dark matter' to describe all the 'heavy stuff' in the universe that seems to be present but invisible to our telescopes. While much of this dark matter is likely made up of exotic materials, different from the ordinary particles that make up the world around us, some may consist of dark celestial bodies -- like planets, black holes, or failed stars -- that do not produce light or are too faint to detect from Earth. OGLE-2005-SMC-001 is one of these dark celestial bodies.

Although astronomers cannot see a dark body, they can sense its presence from the way light acts around it. When a dark body like OGLE-2005-SMC-001 passes in front of a bright star, its gravity causes the background starlight to bend and brighten, a process called gravitational microlensing. When the observing telescope, dark body, and star system are closely aligned, the microlensing event reaches maximum, or peak, brightness.

A team of astronomers first sensed OGLE-2005-SMC-001's presence when it passed in front of a star in a neighboring satellite galaxy called the Small Magellanic Cloud. In this artist's rendering, the satellite galaxy is depicted as the fuzzy structure sitting to the left of Earth. Once they detected this microlensing event, the scientists used Spitzer and the principle of parallax to figure out its distance. Humans naturally use parallax to determine distance. Each eye sees the distance of an object differently. The brain takes each eye's perspective and instantaneously calculates how far away the object is.

To determine OGLE-2005-SMC-001's distance, astronomers measured the microlensing event over several months with both Spitzer in space and the Earth-based telescopes. Careful analysis of the data revealed the time of the peak brightness differed slightly between the two locations.

Because astronomers knew the exact distance between Earth and Spitzer and the time lag between the peak-observed brightness, they could determine OGLE-2005-SMC-001's speed. Using trigonometric equations and graphs to do the 'brain's' job, scientists then inferred the dark body's location to be in the outer portion, or halo, of our galaxy.

The picture of the Small Magellanic Cloud in this concept is a two-color image from two Digitized Sky Survey 2 observations The Digitized Sky Survey is based at the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Md.

2007-01-01

425

The DDO IVC Distance Project  

E-print Network

We present the first set of distance limits from the David Dunlap Observatory Intermediate Velocity Cloud (DDO IVC) distance project. Such distance measures are crucial to understanding the origins and dynamics of IVCs, as the distances set most of the basic physical parameters for the clouds. Currently there are very few IVCs with reliably known distances. This paper describes in some detail the basic techniques used to measure distances, with particular emphasis on the the analysis of interstellar absorption line data, which forms the basis of our distance determinations. As an example, we provide a detailed description of our distance determination for the Draco Cloud. Preliminary distance limits for a total of eleven clouds are provided.

Michael D. Gladders; Tracy E. Clarke; Christopher R. Burns; Allen Attard; Michael P. Casey; Devon Hamilton; Gabriela Mallen-Ornelas; Jennifer L. Karr; Sara M. Poirier; Marcin Sawicki; Felipe Barrientos; Wayne Barkhouse; Mark Brodwin; Jason Clark; Rosemary McNaughton; Marcelo Ruetalo-Pacheco; Stefan W. Mochnacki

1998-11-18

426

Internet Versus Mailed Questionnaires: A Controlled Comparison (2)  

PubMed Central

Background Low response rates among surgeons can threaten the validity of surveys. Internet technologies may reduce the time, effort, and financial resources needed to conduct surveys. Objective We investigated whether using Web-based technology could increase the response rates to an international survey. Methods We solicited opinions from the 442 surgeon–members of the Orthopaedic Trauma Association regarding the treatment of femoral neck fractures. We developed a self-administered questionnaire after conducting a literature review, focus groups, and key informant interviews, for which we used sampling to redundancy techniques. We administered an Internet version of the questionnaire on a Web site, as well as a paper version, which looked similar to the Internet version and which had identical content. Only those in our sample could access the Web site. We alternately assigned the participants to receive the survey by mail (n=221) or an email invitation to participate on the Internet (n=221). Non-respondents in the mail arm received up to three additional copies of the survey, while non-respondents in the Internet arm received up to three additional requests, including a final mailed copy. All participants in the Internet arm had an opportunity to request an emailed Portable Document Format (PDF) version. Results The Internet arm demonstrated a lower response rate (99/221, 45%) than the mail questionnaire arm (128/221, 58%) (absolute difference 13%, 95% confidence interval 4%-22%, P<0.01). Conclusions Our Internet-based survey to surgeons resulted in a significantly lower response rate than a traditional mailed survey. Researchers should not assume that the widespread availability and potential ease of Internet-based surveys will translate into higher response rates. PMID:15631963

Leece, Pam; Sprague, Sheila; Swiontkowski, Marc F; Schemitsch, Emil H; Tornetta, Paul; Devereaux, PJ; Guyatt, Gordon H

2004-01-01

427

8.F Distance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Below are two graphs that look the same. Note that the first graph shows the distance of a car from home as a function of time and the second graph sho...

428

7.G Map distance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: On the map below, $\\frac14$ inch represents one mile. Candler, Canton, and Oteen are three cities on the map. If the distance between the real towns of...

429

Distance education for tobacco reduction with Inuit frontline health workers  

PubMed Central

Background Tobacco reduction is a major priority in Canadian Inuit communities. However, many Inuit frontline health workers lacked the knowledge, confidence and support to address the tobacco epidemic. Given vast distances, high costs of face-to-face training and previous successful pilots using distance education, this method was chosen for a national tobacco reduction course. Objective To provide distance education about tobacco reduction to at least 25 frontline health workers from all Inuit regions of Canada. Design Promising practices globally were assessed in a literature survey. The National Inuit Tobacco Task Group guided the project. Participants were selected from across Inuit Nunangat. They chose a focus from a “menu” of 6 course options, completed a pre-test to assess individual learning needs and chose which community project(s) to complete. Course materials were mailed, and trainers provided intensive, individualized support through telephone, fax and e-mail. The course ended with an open-book post-test. Follow-up support continued for several months post-training. Results Of the 30 participants, 27 (90%) completed the course. The mean pre-test score was 72% (range: 38–98%). As the post-test was done using open books, everyone scored 100%, with a mean improvement of 28% (range: 2–62%). Conclusions Although it was often challenging to contact participants through phone, a distance education approach was very practical in a northern context. Learning is more concrete when it happens in a real-life context. As long as adequate support is provided, we recommend individualized distance education to others working in circumpolar regions. PMID:23984270

Collins, Rob; Hammond, Merryl; Carry, Catherine L.; Kinnon, Dianne; Killulark, Joan; Nevala, Janet

2013-01-01

430

Accident causation study on roadways with limited sight distance crest vertical curves  

E-print Network

reflect the driver and vehicle population currently on the transportation network. An accident causation study was conducted to determine if roadways with limited stopping sight distance present a safety hazard for the transportation network. Rural two...

Stoddard, Angela May

2012-06-07

431

Distance collaborations with industry  

SciTech Connect

The college industry relationship has been identified as a key policy issue in Engineering Education. Collaborations between academic institutions and the industrial sector have a long history and a bright future. For Engineering and Engineering Technology programs in particular, industry has played a crucial role in many areas including advisement, financial support, and practical training of both faculty and students. Among the most important and intimate interactions are collaborative projects and formal cooperative education arrangements. Most recently, such collaborations have taken on a new dimension, as advances in technology have made possible meaningful technical collaboration at a distance. There are several obvious technology areas that have contributed significantly to this trend. Foremost is the ubiquitous presence of the Internet. Perhaps almost as important are advances in computer based imaging. Because visual images offer a compelling user experience, it affords greater knowledge transfer efficiency than other modes of delivery. Furthermore, the quality of the image appears to have a strongly correlated effect on insight. A good visualization facility offers both a means for communication and a shared information space for the subjects, which are among the essential features of both peer collaboration and distance learning.

Peskin, A.; Swyler, K.

1998-06-01

432

Time-Distance Helioseismology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Time-distance helioseismology is a method of ambient noise imaging using the solar oscillations. The basic realization that led to time-distance helioseismology was that the temporal cross correlation of the signals at two 'surface' (or photospheric) locations should show a feature at the time lag corresponding to the subsurface travel time between the locations. The temporal cross correlation, as a function of the location separation, is the Fourier transform of the spatio-temporal power spectrum of the solar oscillations, a commonly used function in helioseismology. It is therefore likely the characteristic ridge structure of the correlation function had been seen before without appreciation of its significance. Travel times are measured from the cross correlations. The times are sensitive to a number of important subsurface solar phenomena. These include sound speed variations, flows, and magnetic fields. There has been much interesting progress in the 17 years since the first paper on this subject (Duvall et al., Nature, 1993, 362, 430-432). This progress will be reviewed in this paper.

Duvall, Thomas L., Jr.

2010-01-01

433

Novel Decomposition of Tensor Distance into Shape and Orientation Distances  

E-print Network

Novel Decomposition of Tensor Distance into Shape and Orientation Distances Yonas T. Weldeselassie1. Abstract. A novel geometric framework for decomposition of tensor distance into shape and orientation that measures the self-diffusion of water molecules in the body; thus capturing the microstructure

Hamarneh, Ghassan

434

Distance learning meets Open Source Future-oriented Distance Learning  

E-print Network

1 Distance learning meets Open Source or Future-oriented Distance Learning from the point of view wolfram.behm@fh-riedlingen.de Most of the current German concepts for distance learning are still based on written study material with complementary face-to-face sessions. Modern e-learning tools

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

435

Distance Education for Doctoral Students: An Overview of the National Cluster Format for Students in the Doctoral Program for Child and Youth Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers an overview of the telecommunications and delivery techniques involved in providing distance education to graduate students in doctoral programs. Good distance education should ensure variety of format and successful communication; it can come via audiobridge, videotapes, audiotapes, the telephone, electronic mail, electronic…

Hesser, Lois Ann

436

Verifying Success in Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Appalachian State University (ASU) is a participating institution in the North Carolina Consortium for Distance Education in Communication Sciences and Disorders (CSD). This Consortium initiated a successful distance education masters program in 1997. The distance education program at ASU is actually a hybrid program, providing the opportunity for…

Barber, William D.; Clark, Heather M.; McIntyre, M. Elaine

437

Distance Education: Collected ERIC Abstracts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 219 ERIC "ED" (non-journal) abstracts was compiled through systematic, free-text computer searches of "all related" ERIC documents, which were conducted for the preparation of a 1983 research report entitled "Serving Learners at a Distance." The ERIC identifiers "distance education" (now a descriptor) and "distance teaching"…

Feasley, Charles E., Comp.

438

Distance Education at the Crossroads  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of issues in contemporary distance education are reviewed from the perspectives of distance education as practice and as a field of study. In the practice of distance education, government agendas are supplanted by institutional agendas, the clientele shifts from undergraduate second-chance learners to fee-paying postgraduates, and the…

Calvert, Jocelyn

2005-01-01

439

Distance Teacher Education in Pakistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance education means instruction in which the instructor and student are separated by distance and interact through the assistance of communication technology. Distance education changes the learning relationship from the common, centralized school model to a more decentralized, flexible model. It also reverses social dynamics by bringing…

Jumani, Nabi Bux; Zai, Zafar Iqbal Yousuf

2009-01-01

440

Reconsidering Moore's Transactional Distance Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the core theories of distance education is Michael Graham Moore's "Theory of Transactional Distance" that provides the broad framework of the pedagogy of distance education and allows the generation of almost infinite number of hypotheses for research. However, the review of the existing studies relating to the theory showed the use of a…

Giossos, Yiannis; Koutsouba, Maria; Lionarakis, Antonis; Skavantzos, Kosmas

2009-01-01

441

DISTANCES TO DARK CLOUDS: COMPARING EXTINCTION DISTANCES TO MASER PARALLAX DISTANCES  

SciTech Connect

We test two different methods of using near-infrared extinction to estimate distances to dark clouds in the first quadrant of the Galaxy using large near-infrared (Two Micron All Sky Survey and UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey) surveys. Very long baseline interferometry parallax measurements of masers around massive young stars provide the most direct and bias-free measurement of the distance to these dark clouds. We compare the extinction distance estimates to these maser parallax distances. We also compare these distances to kinematic distances, including recent re-calibrations of the Galactic rotation curve. The extinction distance methods agree with the maser parallax distances (within the errors) between 66% and 100% of the time (depending on method and input survey) and between 85% and 100% of the time outside of the crowded Galactic center. Although the sample size is small, extinction distance methods reproduce maser parallax distances better than kinematic distances; furthermore, extinction distance methods do not suffer from the kinematic distance ambiguity. This validation gives us confidence that these extinction methods may be extended to additional dark clouds where maser parallaxes are not available.

Foster, Jonathan B.; Jackson, James M. [Institute for Astrophysical Research, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215 (United States); Stead, Joseph J.; Hoare, Melvin G. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Benjamin, Robert A., E-mail: jbfoster@bu.edu, E-mail: jackson@bu.edu, E-mail: J.J.Stead@leeds.ac.uk, E-mail: mgh@ast.leeds.ac.uk, E-mail: benjamin@astro.wisc.edu [Physics Department, University of Wisconsin Whitewater, Whitewater, WI 53190 (United States)

2012-06-01

442

Crossing Global Borders: 'Mail order brides' in Atlantic Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we draw on neo-Marxist post-colonial feminism in order to better understand the complex ways in which gender, race, class, nationality, and education affect women who have migrated to Atlantic Canada as so-called 'mail-order brides.' I find what I need. Magic. First man I write. I find very quickly. Like magic I find him. Russian woman (a so-called

Catherine Baillie Abidi; Susan M. Brigham

443

Editor's Roundtable: Stop avoiding your e-mails!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Don't expect the online "innovation" to go away--email communication is here to stay, and it is your responsibility as an educational professional to respond to them, and even use them to your advantage. This month's Editor's Roundtable column discusses the upsides to the effective use of e-mail to communicate with parents, students, and administrators. In additon, it provides some helpful guidelines for you to follow.

Robert A. Liftig, Edd -.

2007-03-01

444

HeartTalk-L: Heart Patients Mailing List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

HeartTalk-L is a discussion list for people with heart disease and their family and friends. HeartTalk-L is an unmoderated mailing list for discussions of all aspects of life affected by heart disease. Any topic concerning heart disease is welcome on this list. Note that this list is meant as a support group and not as a replacement for proper medical attention.

1997-01-01

445

Somatoform disorders in different cultures—a mail questionnaire survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

A mail questionnaire survey was organized by WHO to obtain expert opinion on the cross-cultural applicability of ICD-10 definitions of somatoform disorders. A response was obtained from 42 experts in 23 countries representing all five continents. The results showed that the ICD-10 concept of somatoform disorders was generally acceptable for use across cultures. However, a number of culture-specific symptoms, characteristics

A. Janca; M. Isaac; L. A. Bennett; G. Tacchini

1995-01-01

446

Sterilization of Mail by Means of an Electron Beam Accelerator  

Microsoft Academic Search

In view of the recent cases of postal bioterrorism with the use of anthrax spores in sealed envelopes (see [11] and http:\\/\\/www. bt.cdc.gov), we experimentally checked and demonstrated the possibility of using an industrial electron beam accelerator for sterilization of mail. Industrial electron beam accelerators are widely used for sterilization of medical equipment, drugs, food, and packing materials. In some

V. L. Auslender; V. A. Vedernikov; M. A. Grachev; V. V. Drukker; A. I. Korchagin; E. P. Kruglyakov; A. M. Kudryavtsev; N. S. Kulikova; O. G. Netsvetaeva; O. N. Pavlova; V. V. Parfenova; E. A. Semenova; V. I. Serbin; I. A. Terkina; A. V. Tkov; E. P. Chebykin

2002-01-01

447

Active mail—a framework for implementing groupware  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most existing groupware products are either too passive or very intrusive. They either passively wait for user action or actively interfere with normal workstation activity by intruding on the user’s screen; they are one-sided push or pull mechanisms. A system for computer-mediated interaction, Active Mail obviates the dilemma with a protocol which enables a groupware application to involve a new

Yaron Goldberg; Marilyn Safran; Ehud Y. Shapiro

1992-01-01

448

Universal Access to E-Mail: Feasibility and Societal Implications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Universal Access to E-Mail: Feasibility and Societal Implications" by Robert H. Anderson, Tora K. Bikson, Sally Ann Law, and Bridger M. Mitchell; 1995; Rand Corporation; 267 pages, 24 tables, 18 figures; bibliography, is available for downloading from Rand Corporation's Web site. "This is the final report of a two-year RAND study. It is designed as a sourcebook on key social, technical, economic, and international issues related to providing universal access to e-mail within the United States. It is our hope that this report will help stimulate public policy discussions regarding the feasibility, desirability, and implications of universal e-mail access. Decision makers involved with such public policy issues are the primary audience for this report, but it should also be of interest to academic and business professionals involved with telecommunications policy and its social implications." The report is available in both HTML and .PDF (Adobe Acrobat) format. A free Acrobat Reader download site is available from the page.

Anderson, Robert H.; Bikson, Tora K.; Law, Sally A.; Mitchell, Bridger M.

1995-01-01

449

Report on Climate Change E-mails Exonerates Scientists  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new report commissioned by the University of East Anglia (UEA) has largely exonerated climate scientists from the university's Climatic Research Unit (CRU) who wrote a number of controversial e-mail messages that were made public without authorization in November 2009. Critics have argued that the e-mails indicate that scientists had tampered with scientific data—including data related to land station temperatures and temperature reconstructions from tree ring analysis—subverted the peer review process, misused the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) process, and withheld data from critics. At a 7 July news conference to release the “Independent climate change e-mails review,” report chair Muir Russell said, “Climate science is a matter of such global importance that the highest standards of honesty, rigor, and openness are needed in its conduct. On the specific allegations made against the behavior of CRU scientists, we find that their rigor and honesty as scientists are not in doubt.” He continued, “In addition, we do not find that their behavior has prejudiced the balance of advice given to policy makers. In particular, we did not find any evidence of behavior that might undermine the conclusions of the IPCC assessments.” Russell is chair of the Judicial Appointments Board for Scotland and formerly was principal and vice-chancellor of the University of Glasgow, in Scotland.

Showstack, Randy

2010-07-01

450

49 CFR 236.531 - Trip arm; height and distance from rail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Trip arm; height and distance from rail. 236.531 Section 236.531 Transportation...531 Trip arm; height and distance from rail. Trip arm of automatic train stop...height above the plane of the tops of the rails, and at a horizontal distance from...

2011-10-01

451

49 CFR 236.531 - Trip arm; height and distance from rail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Trip arm; height and distance from rail. 236.531 Section 236.531 Transportation...531 Trip arm; height and distance from rail. Trip arm of automatic train stop...height above the plane of the tops of the rails, and at a horizontal distance from...

2010-10-01

452

19 CFR 145.3 - Opening of letter class mail; reading of correspondence prohibited.  

...false Opening of letter class mail; reading of correspondence prohibited. 145...145.3 Opening of letter class mail; reading of correspondence prohibited. (a...authorization for the opening. (c) Reading of correspondence. No Customs...

2014-04-01

453

19 CFR 145.3 - Opening of letter class mail; reading of correspondence prohibited.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Opening of letter class mail; reading of correspondence prohibited. 145...145.3 Opening of letter class mail; reading of correspondence prohibited. (a...authorization for the opening. (c) Reading of correspondence. No Customs...

2013-04-01

454

19 CFR 145.3 - Opening of letter class mail; reading of correspondence prohibited.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Opening of letter class mail; reading of correspondence prohibited. 145...145.3 Opening of letter class mail; reading of correspondence prohibited. (a...authorization for the opening. (c) Reading of correspondence. No Customs...

2012-04-01

455

39 CFR 233.11 - Mail reasonably suspected of being dangerous to persons or property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Screening of mail. When the Chief Postal Inspector determines that there is a credible threat that certain mail may contain a bomb, explosives, or other material that would endanger life or property, including firearms which are not mailable...

2010-07-01

456

7 CFR 351.7 - Regulations governing importation by mail of plant material for immediate export.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations governing importation by mail of plant material for immediate export. 351...Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IMPORTATION OF PLANTS OR PLANT PRODUCTS BY MAIL §...

2010-01-01

457

77 FR 28488 - Outbound International Mailings of Lithium Batteries and Other Dangerous Goods  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Outbound International Mailings of Lithium Batteries and Other Dangerous Goods AGENCY: Postal...outbound international mailing of lithium batteries and devices containing lithium batteries. DATES: Effective Date: May 16,...

2012-05-15

458

21 CFR 203.30 - Sample distribution by mail or common carrier.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Drugs 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sample distribution by mail or common carrier. 203... DRUGS: GENERAL PRESCRIPTION DRUG MARKETING Samples § 203.30 Sample distribution by mail or common carrier....

2011-04-01

459

21 CFR 203.30 - Sample distribution by mail or common carrier.  

...Drugs 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sample distribution by mail or common carrier. 203... DRUGS: GENERAL PRESCRIPTION DRUG MARKETING Samples § 203.30 Sample distribution by mail or common carrier....

2014-04-01

460

21 CFR 203.30 - Sample distribution by mail or common carrier.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Drugs 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sample distribution by mail or common carrier. 203... DRUGS: GENERAL PRESCRIPTION DRUG MARKETING Samples § 203.30 Sample distribution by mail or common carrier....

2012-04-01

461

21 CFR 203.30 - Sample distribution by mail or common carrier.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Drugs 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sample distribution by mail or common carrier. 203... DRUGS: GENERAL PRESCRIPTION DRUG MARKETING Samples § 203.30 Sample distribution by mail or common carrier....

2013-04-01

462

ChainMail: A configurable multimodal lining to enable sensate surfaces and interactive objects  

E-print Network

The ChainMail system is a scalable electronic sensate skin that is designed as a dense sensor network. ChainMail is built from small (1"x1") rigid circuit boards attached to their neighbors with flexible interconnects that ...

Mistree, Behram F. T.

463

39 CFR 233.11 - Mail reasonably suspected of being dangerous to persons or property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Screening of mail. When the Chief Postal Inspector determines that there is a credible threat that certain mail may contain a bomb, explosives, or other material that would endanger life or property, including firearms which are not mailable...

2012-07-01

464

7 CFR 351.7 - Regulations governing importation by mail of plant material for immediate export.  

...Regulations governing importation by mail of plant material for immediate export. 351...Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IMPORTATION OF PLANTS OR PLANT PRODUCTS BY MAIL §...

2014-01-01

465

7 CFR 351.7 - Regulations governing importation by mail of plant material for immediate export.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Regulations governing importation by mail of plant material for immediate export. 351...Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IMPORTATION OF PLANTS OR PLANT PRODUCTS BY MAIL §...

2012-01-01

466

7 CFR 351.7 - Regulations governing importation by mail of plant material for immediate export.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations governing importation by mail of plant material for immediate export. 351...Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IMPORTATION OF PLANTS OR PLANT PRODUCTS BY MAIL §...

2013-01-01

467

76 FR 23749 - Intelligent Mail Package Barcode (IMpb) Implementation for Commercial Parcels  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Barcode (IMpb) Implementation for Commercial Parcels AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM...of a unique tracking barcode on all commercial parcels, except Standard Mail[supreg...Confirmation[supreg] service on all commercial parcels except Standard Mail...

2011-04-28

468

16 CFR 303.34 - Country of origin in mail order advertising.  

...UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS RULES AND REGULATIONS UNDER THE TEXTILE FIBER PRODUCTS IDENTIFICATION ACT § 303.34 Country of origin in mail order advertising. When a textile fiber product is advertised in any mail order catalog...

2014-01-01

469

16 CFR 1130.8 - Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail registration.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail...PRODUCTS § 1130.8 Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail...registration page. The manufacturer's Web site, or other Web site established...

2011-01-01

470

19 CFR Policy Statement to Part 145 - Examination of Sealed Letter Class Mail  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Examination of Sealed Letter Class Mail Statement Policy Statement to Part 145 Customs Duties U.S...TREASURY (CONTINUED) MAIL IMPORTATIONS Pt. 145, Policy Stmt. Policy Statement to Part 145—Examination of Sealed...

2013-04-01

471

19 CFR Policy Statement to Part 145 - Examination of Sealed Letter Class Mail  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Examination of Sealed Letter Class Mail Statement Policy Statement to Part 145 Customs Duties U.S...TREASURY (CONTINUED) MAIL IMPORTATIONS Pt. 145, Policy Stmt. Policy Statement to Part 145—Examination of Sealed...

2011-04-01

472

19 CFR Policy Statement to Part 145 - Examination of Sealed Letter Class Mail  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Examination of Sealed Letter Class Mail Statement Policy Statement to Part 145 Customs Duties U.S...TREASURY (CONTINUED) MAIL IMPORTATIONS Pt. 145, Policy Stmt. Policy Statement to Part 145—Examination of Sealed...

2010-04-01

473

19 CFR Policy Statement to Part 145 - Examination of Sealed Letter Class Mail  

...Examination of Sealed Letter Class Mail Statement Policy Statement to Part 145 Customs Duties U.S...TREASURY (CONTINUED) MAIL IMPORTATIONS Pt. 145, Policy Stmt. Policy Statement to Part 145—Examination of Sealed...

2014-04-01

474

19 CFR Policy Statement to Part 145 - Examination of Sealed Letter Class Mail  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Examination of Sealed Letter Class Mail Statement Policy Statement to Part 145 Customs Duties U.S...TREASURY (CONTINUED) MAIL IMPORTATIONS Pt. 145, Policy Stmt. Policy Statement to Part 145—Examination of Sealed...

2012-04-01

475

20112012 GRADUATE COUNCIL LIST DEPARTMENT PROGRAM GRADUATE COORDINATOR PHONE EMAIL MAIL  

E-print Network

20112012 GRADUATE COUNCIL LIST DEPARTMENT PROGRAM GRADUATE COORDINATOR PHONE EMAIL MAIL Health PROGRAM GRADUATE COORDINATOR PHONE EMAIL MAIL Counselor Education Clinical Mental Health (MS) Counselor Education School Counseling (MED) Advanced Certificate In Addiction Studies Advanced Certificate

Cho, Hokwon

476

7 CFR 351.7 - Regulations governing importation by mail of plant material for immediate export.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations governing importation by mail of plant material for immediate export. 351...Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IMPORTATION OF PLANTS OR PLANT PRODUCTS BY MAIL §...

2011-01-01

477

76 FR 3679 - Market Test of Experimental Product: “Marketing Mail Made Easy”  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Market Test of Experimental Product: ``Marketing Mail Made Easy'' AGENCY...test of an experimental product in accordance with statutory...market test of its ``Marketing Mail Made Easy'' experimental product on or around...

2011-01-20

478

75 FR 39475 - International Mail: Proposed Changes in Prices and Fees  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Group 5 for First- Class Mail International service only. The prices...United States Postal Service, International Mail Manual (IMM), incorporated...in 39 CFR Part 20 Foreign relations, International postal services....

2010-07-09

479

16 CFR 1130.8 - Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail registration.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail...2010) § 1130.8 Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail...registration page. The manufacturer's Web site, or other Web site established...

2010-01-01

480

11 CFR 100.27 - Mass mailing (2 U.S.C. 431(23)).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...period. A mass mailing does not include electronic mail or Internet communications. For purposes of this section, substantially...communications that include substantially the same template or language, but vary in non-material respects such as...

2010-01-01

481

Elevations and distances in the United States  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The information in this booklet was compiled to answer inquiries received by the U.S. Geological Survey from students, teachers, writers, editors, publishers of encyclopedias, almanacs, and other reference books, and people in many other fields of work. The elevations of features and distances between points in the United States were determined from surveys and topographic maps of the U.S. Geological Survey or obtained from other sources. In most cases, the elevations were determined from surveys and from 1:24,000- and 1:25,000-scale, 7.5-minute topographic quadrangle maps. In Alaska, information was taken from 1:63,360-scale, 15-minute topographic quadrangle maps. In a few cases, data were obtained from older, 1:62,500-scale, 15-minute maps; these maps have been replaced with larger scale 7.5-minute coverage. Further information about U.S. Geological Survey products can be obtained from: U.S. Geological Survey, Earth Science Information Center, 507 National Center, Reston, VA 20192 or phone 1-888-ASK-USGS, E-mail: ask@usgs.gov, TTY: 703-648-4119.

2001-01-01

482

E-mail surveillance in the UK workplace – a management consulting case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the utilisation of e-mail scanning and surveillance technology by the management consulting business in the UK. Uses a questionnaire of UK management consulting firms to determine the uptake and substance of e-mail policies, and the extent and nature of e-mail monitoring implementation. Investigates the attitudes of management consulting employees towards e-mail surveillance in a survey of work colleagues. Also

Geoff Watson

2002-01-01

483

Outcomes Associated with E-mail Delivery of a General Nutrition Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students in an introductory nutrition class self-selected a classroom or e-mail delivery format. Except two classroom meetings and examinations, e-mail students studied all course work using only e-mail. Delivery method was clearly assessed because examinations were completed in class. Online students felt more prestudy self-motivation, responsibility for learning, and comfort using e-mail and computers. Midterm and final examination mean scores

Barbara Lohse Knous

2000-01-01

484

THE POTENTIAL FOR MISCOMMUNICATION USING E-MAIL AS A SOURCE OF COMMUNICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction1.1. Significance of the StudyOur culture, once based on physical contact, is being transformed to one in which most interactionsrequire no face-to-face contact. (Igbaria, 1999) People have begun favoring e-mail over phone callssince e-mail is not as intrusive, i.e., e-mail does not demand an immediate response. "It is estimated thatin the 21stcentury, more people will correspond through e-mail than by

Vicki P. Rainey

485

MAIL LOG, program theory, volume 1. [Scout project automatic data system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The program theory used to obtain the software package, MAIL LOG, developed for the Scout Project Automatic Data System, SPADS, is described. The program is written in FORTRAN for the PRIME 300 computer system. The MAIL LOG data base consists of three main subfiles: (1) incoming and outgoing mail correspondence; (2) design information releases and reports; and (3) drawings and engineering orders. All subroutine descriptions, flowcharts, and MAIL LOG outputs are given and the data base design is described.

Harris, D. K.

1979-01-01

486

On Enhancing the Performance of Spam Mail Filtering System Using Semantic Enrichment  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a With the explosive growth of the Internet, e-mails are regarded as one of the most important methods to send e-mails as a\\u000a substitute for traditional communications. As e-mail has become a major mean of communication in the Internet age, exponentially\\u000a growing spam mails have been raised as a main problem. As a result of this problem, researchers have suggested many

Hyun-jun Kim; Heung-nam Kim; Jason J. Jung; Geun-Sik Jo

2004-01-01

487

Can E-Mail Messages Between Patients and Physicians Be Patient-Centered?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the extent to which e-mail messages between patients and physicians mimic the communication dynamics of traditional medical dialogue and its fulfillment of communication functions. Eight volunteers drawn from a larger study of e-mail users agreed to supply copies of their last 5 e-mail messages with their physicians and the physician replies. Seventy-four e-mail messages (40 patient and

Debra L. Roter; Susan Larson; Daniel Z. Sands; Daniel E. Ford; Thomas Houston

2008-01-01

488

Outcomes of an Intercultural E-Mail Based University Discussion Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the development of intercultural awareness in an electronic mail (e-mail) discussion project between Hungarian learners of English and American speakers. Students discussed topics relating to cultures, languages, and pedagogical issues. The e-mails were analyzed in terms of language skill improvement, apprehensiveness…

Furcsa, Laura

2009-01-01

489

Improving Instructor Response to Student E-Mails Using Template and Reminder Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student e-mails without the student's name, message, file attachment, and other identifying information may impede a timely and thorough instructor response. To help resolve this issue, we apply template and reminder interventions to improve student e-mail format defined as the degree of agreement between a student's e-mail format and an…

Elbeck, Matthew; Song, Minjung

2011-01-01

490

Electronic mail: legal and ethical concerns in the United States and Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay explores legal and ethical issues related to electronic mail (e-mail) systems in the United States and Canada. Among the recommendations made, based on analysis of actual cases, are: better education in computer-telecommunications technologies should be provided for government officials to enable them to make and uphold appropriate laws concerning electronic mail; clear published policies, consistent with the law

Susan Mallon Ross

1994-01-01

491

Journal of Applied Polymer Science Journal Copy of e-mail Notification  

E-print Network

Journal of Applied Polymer Science Journal Copy of e-mail Notification Journal of Applied Polymer reply e-mail to: APP Journal Team APPproofuser@wiley.com #12;Journal of Applied Polymer Science Journal) WITH ALL CORRESPONDENCE. Thank you. Sincerely, APP Journal Team E-mail: APPproofuser@wiley.com #12

492

Packages can be picked up by Mail Services to be shipped. Please fill out the  

E-print Network

Rate whenever possible. Savings can be as much as 26 cents per mail piece. will deliver your items directly to you. #12;Don't spend time sealing envelopes. Mail Services can seal your directly to the mail piece, and send it out for you at discounted postage rates. We can also cleanse your

493

The Development of E-Mail Literacy: From Writing to Peers to Writing to Authority Figures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though e-mail has become a common interpersonal communication medium, it does not mean that this medium is used without difficulty. While people can write e-mails to peers in any manner they like, writing e-mails to authority figures requires higher pragmatic competence and critical language awareness of how discourse shapes and reflects power…

Chen, Chi-Fen Emily

2006-01-01

494

37 CFR 2.198 - Filing of correspondence by “Express Mail.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...delivered by the “Express Mail Post Office to Addressee” service...Applications for registration of marks; (ii) Amendments to allege...delivered by the “Express Mail Post Office to Addressee” service of...delivered by the “Express Mail Post Office to Addressee”...

2010-07-01

495

75 FR 30300 - Restricting the Mailing of Replica or Inert Explosive Devices  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Restricting the Mailing of Replica or Inert Explosive Devices AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM...restricting the mailing of replica or inert explosive devices, such as simulated grenades...dangerous but bear a realistic appearance to explosive devices, to Registered Mail\\TM\\...

2010-06-01

496

Egocentrism Over E-Mail: Can We Communicate as Well as We Think?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Without the benefit of paralinguistic cues such as gesture, emphasis, and intonation, it can be difficult to convey emotion and tone over electronic mail (e-mail). Five experiments suggest that this limitation is often underappreciated, such that people tend to believe that they can communicate over e-mail more effectively than they actually can. Studies 4 and 5 further suggest that this

Justin Kruger; Nicholas Epley; Jason Parker; Zhi-Wen Ng

2005-01-01

497

Emergence of Networks in Distance-Constrained Trade  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Long-distance trade has been rapidly increasing in recent years. As traders from around the world exchange goods, they form networks with traders as nodes and transactions as links. We use an agent-based model of a simple artificial economy to examine the emergence of trade networks when the distance between traders matters. Distance can become an issue if fuel for transportation becomes expensive or if greenhouse gas emissions from transportation become a major concern. We model the distance constraint as a transaction cost proportional to the amount of goods traded and the distance that those goods must be transported. We find that the resulting network topology is a good indicator of the stability and resilience of the economic system. The topology is random when there is no distance constraint. As the transaction cost increases, the topology transitions into a stable scale-free structure with some clustering, and a large fraction of trade occurs within local regions around the network hubs. Under these conditions, the final welfare of the traders decreases only modestly and environmental efficiency increases significantly when each region has a diverse combination of tradable goods.

Venkat, Kumar; Wakeland, Wayne

498

Competencies for distance education professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to identify the roles and competencies of distance education professionals within the United\\u000a States and Canada. A population of 103 distance education experts was identified, and their perceptions regarding this information\\u000a were sought in a modified two-round Delphi process. The results of the study include a competency model for distance education.\\u000a It illustrates the

Elizabeth C. Thach; Karen L. Murphy

1995-01-01

499

41 CFR 102-192.175 - What types of support does GSA offer to Federal agency mail management programs?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...policy and guidance in mail management and mail operations; ...access to a Governmentwide management information system for mail...Helping agencies develop performance measures and management information systems for...

2011-01-01

500

41 CFR 102-192.175 - What types of support does GSA offer to Federal agency mail management programs?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...policy and guidance in mail management and mail operations; ...access to a Governmentwide management information system for mail...Helping agencies develop performance measures and management information systems for...

2013-07-01