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1

14 CFR 223.24 - Transportation of empty mail bags.  

... false Transportation of empty mail bags. 223.24 Section 223.24 Aeronautics...223.24 Transportation of empty mail bags. Any carrier authorized to engage...foreign air transportation empty air mail bags from any country to the country of...

2014-01-01

2

14 CFR 223.24 - Transportation of empty mail bags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Transportation of empty mail bags. 223.24 Section 223.24 Aeronautics...223.24 Transportation of empty mail bags. Any carrier authorized to engage...foreign air transportation empty air mail bags from any country to the country of...

2010-01-01

3

14 CFR 223.24 - Transportation of empty mail bags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Transportation of empty mail bags. 223.24 Section 223.24 Aeronautics...223.24 Transportation of empty mail bags. Any carrier authorized to engage...foreign air transportation empty air mail bags from any country to the country of...

2011-01-01

4

14 CFR 223.24 - Transportation of empty mail bags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Transportation of empty mail bags. 223.24 Section 223.24 Aeronautics...223.24 Transportation of empty mail bags. Any carrier authorized to engage...foreign air transportation empty air mail bags from any country to the country of...

2013-01-01

5

14 CFR 223.24 - Transportation of empty mail bags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Transportation of empty mail bags. 223.24 Section 223.24 Aeronautics...223.24 Transportation of empty mail bags. Any carrier authorized to engage...foreign air transportation empty air mail bags from any country to the country of...

2012-01-01

6

Long Distance Transport in Macrocystis integrifolia  

PubMed Central

Discs from mature regions of Macrocystis blades picked up significantly more [32P]phosphate from the ambient medium than similar discs from young meristematic regions, and this uptake was higher in light than in darkness. Double-labeling experiments with NaH14CO3 and [32P]phosphate, using intact fronds as well as cut frond segments, indicated that 32P was translocated from mature blades to sink regions at velocities of 25 to 45 centimeters per hour, velocities comparable to 14C translocation velocity in the same material. There was a slight delay in transport of 32P which may be due to a delay in loading or to a high metabolism of 32P in the transporting channels. Histoautoradiography of stipe segments in the translocation pathway indicated that transport of label occurred in the peripheral parts of medulla. An analysis of 32P-labeled compounds in the fed blade and in the sieve tube sap, collected from basal cut ends of stipes, indicated major differences in labeling patterns. In the blade, a high proportion of 32P was recovered as inorganic phosphate and relatively small amounts were found in hexose mono- and diphosphates, UDPG and ATP. In the sieve tube sap, however, only a small amount of 32P was present as inorganic phosphate, a large proportion was found in hexose mono- and diphosphates, and appreciable amounts were present in ATP and UDPG. Images PMID:16660847

Schmitz, Klaus; Srivastava, Lalit M.

1979-01-01

7

ANALYTICAL DIFFUSION MODEL FOR LONG DISTANCE TRANSPORT OF AIR POLLUTANTS  

EPA Science Inventory

A steady-state two-dimensional diffusion model suitable for predicting ambient air pollutant concentrations averaged over a long time period (e.g., month, season, or year) and resulting from the transport of pollutants for distances greater than about 100 km from the source is de...

8

Long-Distance Transport of Alkali Metals in Maturing Wheat  

Microsoft Academic Search

The alkali metals cesium, rubidium, lithium and sodium were introduced together with strontium via flaps into leaf laminas or into the stem of maturing, intact winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Arina) grown in a field. Long-distance transport of these elements and the influence of the application date and of different application positions were investigated. The phloem-immobile Sr served as

S. Zeller; U. Feller

2000-01-01

9

ASSESSMENT OF MODEL SIMULATION OF LONG-DISTANCE TRANSPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

The ability of trajectory models and meteorological data bases to simulate long-distance transport of air pollutants is assessed by comparing trajectories of tetroons and tetroon grounding locations from several recent U.S. Environmental Protection field studies with diagnostic t...

10

Metal species involved in long distance metal transport in plants  

PubMed Central

The mechanisms plants use to transport metals from roots to shoots are not completely understood. It has long been proposed that organic molecules participate in metal translocation within the plant. However, until recently the identity of the complexes involved in the long-distance transport of metals could only be inferred by using indirect methods, such as analyzing separately the concentrations of metals and putative ligands and then using in silico chemical speciation software to predict metal species. Molecular biology approaches also have provided a breadth of information about putative metal ligands and metal complexes occurring in plant fluids. The new advances in analytical techniques based on mass spectrometry and the increased use of synchrotron X-ray spectroscopy have allowed for the identification of some metal-ligand species in plant fluids such as the xylem and phloem saps. Also, some proteins present in plant fluids can bind metals and a few studies have explored this possibility. This study reviews the analytical challenges researchers have to face to understand long-distance metal transport in plants as well as the recent advances in the identification of the ligand and metal-ligand complexes in plant fluids. PMID:24723928

Álvarez-Fernández, Ana; Díaz-Benito, Pablo; Abadía, Anunciación; López-Millán, Ana-Flor; Abadía, Javier

2014-01-01

11

Transport Distance of Invertebrate Environmental DNA in a Natural River  

PubMed Central

Environmental DNA (eDNA) monitoring is a novel molecular technique to detect species in natural habitats. Many eDNA studies in aquatic systems have focused on lake or ponds, and/or on large vertebrate species, but applications to invertebrates in river systems are emerging. A challenge in applying eDNA monitoring in flowing waters is that a species' DNA can be transported downstream. Whether and how far eDNA can be detected due to downstream transport remains largely unknown. In this study we tested for downstream detection of eDNA for two invertebrate species, Daphnia longispina and Unio tumidus, which are lake dwelling species in our study area. The goal was to determine how far away from the source population in a lake their eDNA could be detected in an outflowing river. We sampled water from eleven river sites in regular intervals up to 12.3 km downstream of the lake, developed new eDNA probes for both species, and used a standard PCR and Sanger sequencing detection method to confirm presence of each species' eDNA in the river. We detected D. longispina at all locations and across two time points (July and October); whereas with U. tumidus, we observed a decreased detection rate and did not detect its eDNA after 9.1 km. We also observed a difference in detection for this species at different times of year. The observed movement of eDNA from the source amounting to nearly 10 km for these species indicates that the resolution of an eDNA sample can be large in river systems. Our results indicate that there may be species' specific transport distances for eDNA and demonstrate for the first time that invertebrate eDNA can persist over relatively large distances in a natural river system. PMID:24523940

Deiner, Kristy; Altermatt, Florian

2014-01-01

12

Engineering the quantum transport of atomic wavefunctions over macroscopic distances  

E-print Network

The manipulation of matterwave represents a milestone in the history of quantum mechanics. It was at the basis of its experimental validation through the observation of diffraction of matter on crystals, as well as grating and Young's double-slit interference with electrons, neutron, atoms and molecules. More recently matterwave manipulation has become a building block in the implementation of quantum devices such as quantum sensors and it plays an essential role in many proposals for implementing quantum computers. In this letter we coherently control the spatial extent of the wavefunction by reversibly stretching and shrinking the wavefunction over a millimeter distance. The remarkable experimental simplicity of the scheme would ease applications in the field of quantum transport and quantum computing.

A. Alberti; V. V. Ivanov; G. M. Tino; G. Ferrari

2008-03-28

13

MAIL DISTRIBUTION MAIL PRODUCTION  

E-print Network

MAIL DISTRIBUTION AND MAIL PRODUCTION OPERATIONS GUIDE November 07 Revised November 07 #12;2 Mail Distribution A. Telephone Information/Questions Mail Distribution Distribution at 8:00 am and 3:40 pm, Monday through Friday. 2. Mail is delivered and picked up once daily

14

Parametric study on maximum transportable distance and cost for thermal energy transportation using various coolants  

SciTech Connect

The operation temperature of advanced nuclear reactors is generally higher than commercial light water reactors and thermal energy from advanced nuclear reactor can be used for various purposes such as district heating, desalination, hydrogen production and other process heat applications, etc. The process heat industry/facilities will be located outside the nuclear island due to safety measures. This thermal energy from the reactor has to be transported a fair distance. In this study, analytical analysis was conducted to identify the maximum distance that thermal energy could be transported using various coolants such as molten-salts, helium and water by varying the pipe diameter and mass flow rate. The cost required to transport each coolant was also analyzed. The coolants analyzed are molten salts (such as: KClMgCl2, LiF-NaF-KF (FLiNaK) and KF-ZrF4), helium and water. Fluoride salts are superior because of better heat transport characteristics but chloride salts are most economical for higher temperature transportation purposes. For lower temperature water is a possible alternative when compared with He, because low pressure He requires higher pumping power which makes the process very inefficient and economically not viable for both low and high temperature application.

Su-Jong Yoon; Piyush Sabharwall

2014-07-01

15

Polar auxin transport in relation to long-distance transport of nutrients in the Charales.  

PubMed

This paper examines the significance of the recent demonstration of polar auxin transport (PAT) in the green macroalga Chara (Charophyceae: Charales) and, especially, options for explaining some features of PAT in the Charales. The occurrence of PAT in the Charales shows that PAT originated in the algal ancestors of the embryophytes (liverworts, mosses, hornworts, and vascular plants), although it is not yet known if PAT occurs elsewhere in the Charophyceae or in other algae. While in the embryophytes PAT occurs in parenchymatously constructed structures which commonly also have xylem and phloem (or their bryophyte analogues) as long-distance transport processes in parallel to PAT, in Chara corallina PAT shares the pathway for long-distance transport of nutrients though the parenchymatously constructed nodal complexes and the single giant cells of the internode. The speed of auxin movement of PAT is much more rapid than that attributable to diffusion and of the same order as the rate of cytoplasmic streaming in the giant internodal cells, yet complete inhibition of streaming by the inhibitor cytochalasin H does not slow down auxin transport. Explanations for this phenomenon are sought in the operation of other mechanochemical motors, dynein-tubulin and kinesin-tubulin, as alternatives to the myosin-actin system which powers cytoplasmic streaming. Experiments in which microtubules are disrupted, for example by colchicine, could show if one of the tubulin-based motors is involved. If these motors are involved, some mechanism is needed to amplify the speeds known for the motors to explain the order of magnitude higher speeds seen for auxin transport. PMID:23264638

Raven, John A

2013-01-01

16

Analytical solution for one-dimensional advection-dispersion transport equation with distance-dependent coefficients  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Mathematical models describing contaminant transport in heterogeneous porous media are often formulated as an advection-dispersion transport equation with distance-dependent transport coefficients. In this work, a general analytical solution is presented for the linear, one-dimensional advection-di...

17

Criterion distances and correlates of active transportation to school in Belgian older adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Since physical activity levels in older adolescents have the potential to be increased by stimulating active transportation to school (ATS), the most important correlates of ATS should be determined before developing interventions, especially in those adolescents for whom the distance to school is feasible for active commuting. The main aims of this study were to determine criterion distances for

Delfien Van Dyck; Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij; Greet Cardon; Benedicte Deforche

2010-01-01

18

Long-distance transport of Betula pollen grains and allergic symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary An example of the potential importance of air masses as carriers of aero-allergens from distant source areas is provided. Considerable amount ofBetula pollen is relatively often transported to Fennoscandia before the local birch flowering period, mainly by southeastern air masses from eastern part of central Europe. Although the distance and the transport time in some cases can be extensive,

Mervi Hjelmroos

1992-01-01

19

Long-distance transport of macroscopic charcoal by an intensive crown fire  

E-print Network

Long-distance transport of macroscopic charcoal by an intensive crown fire in the Swiss Alps Á Abstract: The correct interpretation of charcoal records in a palaeoecological context requires the understanding of the sources and transport of charcoal particles. Conventionally, it is assumed that macroscopic

Richner, Heinz

20

Vacuolar sequestration capacity and long-distance metal transport in plants  

PubMed Central

The vacuole is a pivotal organelle functioning in storage of metabolites, mineral nutrients, and toxicants in higher plants. Accumulating evidence indicates that in addition to its storage role, the vacuole contributes essentially to long-distance transport of metals, through the modulation of Vacuolar sequestration capacity (VSC) which is shown to be primarily controlled by cytosolic metal chelators and tonoplast-localized transporters, or the interaction between them. Plants adapt to their environments by dynamic regulation of VSC for specific metals and hence targeting metals to specific tissues. Study of VSC provides not only a new angle to understand the long-distance root-to-shoot transport of minerals in plants, but also an efficient way to biofortify essential mineral nutrients or to phytoremediate non-essential metal pollution. The current review will focus on the most recent proceedings on the interaction mechanisms between VSC regulation and long-distance metal transport. PMID:24550927

Peng, Jia-Shi; Gong, Ji-Ming

2014-01-01

21

Mailed versus frozen transport of nasal swabs for surveillance of respiratory bacteria in remote Indigenous communities in Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Surveillance programs and research for acute respiratory infections in remote Australian communities are complicated by difficulties in the storage and transport of frozen samples to urban laboratories for testing. This study assessed the sensitivity of a simple method for transporting nasal swabs from a remote setting for bacterial polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing. Methods We sampled every individual who presented to a remote community clinic over a three week period in August at a time of low influenza and no respiratory syncytial virus activity. Two anterior nasal swabs were collected from each participant. The left nare specimen was mailed to the laboratory via routine postal services. The right nare specimen was transported frozen. Testing for six bacterial species was undertaken using real-time PCR. Results One hundred and forty participants were enrolled who contributed 150 study visits and paired specimens for testing. Respiratory illnesses accounted for 10% of the reasons for presentation. Bacteria were identified in 117 (78%) presentations for 110 (79.4%) individuals; Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae were the most common (each identified in 58% of episodes). The overall sensitivity for any bacterium detected in mailed specimens was 82.2% (95%?CI 73.6, 88.1) compared to 94.8% (95%?CI 89.4, 98.1) for frozen specimens. The sensitivity of the two methods varied by species identified. Conclusion The mailing of unfrozen nasal specimens from remote communities appears to influence the utility of the specimen for bacterial studies, with a loss in sensitivity for the detection of any species overall. Further studies are needed to confirm our finding and to investigate the possible mechanisms of effect. Clinical trial registration Australia and New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry Number: ACTRN12609001006235. PMID:24228701

2013-01-01

22

Scaling relationships between bed load volumes, transport distances, and stream power in steep mountain channels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

load transport during storm events is both an agent of geomorphic change and a significant natural hazard in mountain regions. Thus, predicting bed load transport is a central challenge in fluvial geomorphology and natural hazard risk assessment. Bed load transport during storm events depends on the width and depth of bed scour, as well as the transport distances of individual sediment grains. We traced individual gravels in two steep mountain streams, the Erlenbach (Switzerland) and Rio Cordon (Italy), using magnetic and radio frequency identification tags, and measured their bed load transport rates using calibrated geophone bed load sensors in the Erlenbach and a bed load trap in the Rio Cordon. Tracer transport distances and bed load volumes exhibited approximate power law scaling with both the peak stream power and the cumulative stream energy of individual hydrologic events. Bed load volumes scaled much more steeply with peak stream power and cumulative stream energy than tracer transport distances did, and bed load volumes scaled as roughly the third power of transport distances. These observations imply that large bed load transport events become large primarily by scouring the bed deeper and wider, and only secondarily by transporting the mobilized sediment farther. Using the sediment continuity equation, we can estimate the mean effective thickness of the actively transported layer, averaged over the entire channel width and the duration of individual flow events. This active layer thickness also followed approximate power law scaling with peak stream power and cumulative stream energy and ranged up to 0.57 m in the Erlenbach, broadly consistent with independent measurements.

Schneider, Johannes M.; Turowski, Jens M.; Rickenmann, Dieter; Hegglin, Ramon; Arrigo, Sabrina; Mao, Luca; Kirchner, James W.

2014-03-01

23

E-mail/Password Usage Advisory Whether information of a sensitive-nature is transported via e-mail, either as text  

E-print Network

would include, but are not limited to, social security number, drivers' license number, credit/debit card numbers, salary, and medical information. 5. In some cases, electronic mail messages created from

Qiu, Weigang

24

Phloem RNA-binding proteins as potential components of the long-distance RNA transport system  

PubMed Central

RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) govern a myriad of different essential processes in eukaryotic cells. Recent evidence reveals that apart from playing critical roles in RNA metabolism and RNA transport, RBPs perform a key function in plant adaptation to various environmental conditions. Long-distance RNA transport occurs in land plants through the phloem, a conducting tissue that integrates the wide range of signaling pathways required to regulate plant development and response to stress processes. The macromolecules in the phloem pathway vary greatly and include defense proteins, transcription factors, chaperones acting in long-distance trafficking, and RNAs (mRNAs, siRNAs, and miRNAs). How these RNA molecules translocate through the phloem is not well understood, but recent evidence indicates the presence of translocatable RBPs in the phloem, which act as potential components of long-distance RNA transport system. This review updates our knowledge on the characteristics and functions of RBPs present in the phloem. PMID:23675378

Pallas, Vicente; Gómez, Gustavo

2013-01-01

25

Seasonal associations and atmospheric transport distances of fungi in the genus Fusarium collected with unmanned aerial vehicles and  

E-print Network

Seasonal associations and atmospheric transport distances of fungi in the genus Fusarium collected Received in revised form 13 May 2014 Accepted 14 May 2014 Available online 15 May 2014 Keywords: Fungi-distance transport a b s t r a c t Spores of fungi in the genus Fusarium may be transported through the atmosphere

Ross, Shane

26

Long-distance transport of cobalt and nickel in maturing wheat  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cobalt, nickel and strontium were introduced via flaps into leaf laminas or into the stem of maturing, intact winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L., cv. `Arina') grown under natural conditions in a field. Long-distance transport of these elements and the influence of the application date and of different application positions were investigated. The dry-matter accumulation in the grains was not markedly

S Zeller; U Feller

1999-01-01

27

Spatial pattern of long-distance symplasmic transport and communication in trees.  

PubMed

Symplasmic short- and long-distance communication may be regulated at different levels of plant body organization. It depends on cell-to-cell transport modulated by plasmodesmata conductivity and frequency but above all on morphogenetic fields that integrate a plant at the supracellular level. Their control of physiological and developmental processes is especially important in trees, where the continuum consists of 3-dimensional systems of: 1) stem cells in cambium, and 2) living parenchyma cells in the secondary conductive tissues. We found that long-distance symplasmic transport in trees is spatially regulated. Uneven distribution of fluorescent tracer in cambial cells along the branches examined illustrates an unknown intrinsic phenomenon that can possibly be important for plant organism integration. Here we illustrate the spatial dynamics of symplasmic transport in cambium, test and exclude the role of callose in its regulation, and discuss the mechanism that could possibly be responsible for the maintenance of this spatial pattern. PMID:23989002

Soko?owska, Katarzyna; Brysz, Alicja Maria; Zagórska-Marek, Beata

2013-11-01

28

Spatial pattern of long-distance symplasmic transport and communication in trees  

PubMed Central

Symplasmic short- and long-distance communication may be regulated at different levels of plant body organization. It depends on cell-to-cell transport modulated by plasmodesmata conductivity and frequency but above all on morphogenetic fields that integrate a plant at the supracellular level. Their control of physiological and developmental processes is especially important in trees, where the continuum consists of 3-dimensional systems of: 1) stem cells in cambium, and 2) living parenchyma cells in the secondary conductive tissues. We found that long-distance symplasmic transport in trees is spatially regulated. Uneven distribution of fluorescent tracer in cambial cells along the branches examined illustrates an unknown intrinsic phenomenon that can possibly be important for plant organism integration. Here we illustrate the spatial dynamics of symplasmic transport in cambium, test and exclude the role of callose in its regulation, and discuss the mechanism that could possibly be responsible for the maintenance of this spatial pattern. PMID:23989002

Soko?owska, Katarzyna; Brysz, Alicja Maria; Zagórska-Marek, Beata

2013-01-01

29

Distance, transportation cost, and mode of transport in the utilization of facility-based maternity services: evidence from rural Bangladesh.  

PubMed

Although the maternal mortality ratio in Bangladesh has decreased, significant underutilization of facilities continues to be a persistent challenge to policy makers. Women face long distances and significant transportation cost to deliver at health facilities. This study identifies the distance traveled to utilize facilities, associated transportation cost, and transport mode used for maternal healthcare services. A total of 3,300 mothers aged 18-49 years, who had given birth in the year before the survey, were interviewed from 22 sub-districts in 2010. Findings suggest that facility-based maternal healthcare service utilization was very poor. Only 53% of women received antenatal care, 20% used delivery care. and 10% used postnatal care from health centers. Median distance traveled for antenatal and postnatal check-ups was 2 kilometers but 4 kilometers for complication management care and delivery. Most women used non-motorized rickshaw or van to reach a health facility. On average, women spent Taka 100 (US$1.40) as transportation cost for antenatal care, Taka 432 (US$6.17) for delivery, and Taka 132 (US$1.89) for postnatal check-up. For each additional kilometer, the cost increased by Taka 9 (US$0.13) for antenatal, Taka 31 (US$0.44) for delivery, and Taka 8 (US$0.11) for postnatal care. PMID:25416431

Keya, Kaji Tamanna; Rob, Ubaidur; Rahman, Moshiur; Bajracharya, Ashish; Bellows, Benjamin

2014-01-01

30

Characteristics Of Basaltic Sand: Size, Shape, And Composition As A Function Of Transport Process And Distance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Overview: The chemical and physical characteristics of sedimentary material can provide valuable clues about transport processes, distance traveled, and provenance, all of which are aspects of Martian geography that we would like to better understand. For a typical sedimentary deposit on Earth, for example, it has been shown that the ratio of feldspar to quartz can be used to assess the maturity (or transport distance) of a terrestrial deposit, because feldspar is more vulnerable to weathering than quartz. Further, chemical analysis can also be used to determine potential sediment sources, and grain-size sorting can be used to distinguish aeolian sediments (typically well-sorted) from fluvial sediments (poorly sorted in high energy environments). It is also common to use the shapes of individual quartz particles to determine transport process and distance, all of which can help us better understand the history of a sample of sedimentary material and the geological processes that created and emplaced it. These traditional sedimentological concepts are now being applied to our interpretation of Martian surface materials. Sullivan et al. [2008], for example, used grain-size and shape to assess eolian processes and to qualify transport distances of deposits found at the Spirit landing site in Gusev Crater. Stockstill-Cahill et al. [62008 used variations in mineral abundances observed in multispectral data to determine the provenance of dark dunes found in Amazonis Planitia craters. While applying our understanding of terrestrial sedimentary materials to Martian surface materials is intuitively sound and logical, the problem is that most of our current understanding is based on sediments derived from felsic materials (e.g., granite) primarily because that is the composition of most of the landmass on the Earth. However, the Martian surface is composed primarily of mafic material, or basalt, which generates much different sedimentary particles as it weathers. Instead of quartz, feldspar, and heavy minerals commonly found in most terrestrial sedimentary deposits, basaltic sediments are composed of varying amounts of olivine, pyroxene, plagioclase, and vitric and lithic fragments. One of the few locations on Earth containing such material is the Ka'u Desert of Hawaii. This area is unique in that both eolian and fluvial sediment pathways occur in the same area, thus allowing a direct comparison of particles transported by different processes over identical distances (~20 km). We are currently documenting the physical and chemical changes that take place in basaltic sediments as they are transported by wind and water over increasing distances. This will result in an improvement in our understanding of traditional sedimentological concepts when applying them to Martian surface materials. Process: The Ka'u Desert is ~350 km2 and contains the largest basaltic dune fields on Earth. We have identified several different dune types located in various parts of the desert, including climbing and falling dunes, sand sheets, parabolic dunes (that were initially barchans), and crescentic dunes. Fluvial sediments occur as floodout deposits where ephemeral streams go from confined to unconfined flow outside the continuous Keanakako'i Formation [7]. There are also a number of sand bottom streams and playas that occur along a series of channels that extend from the Keanakako'i Formation ~20 km to the sea. We have collected samples from dunes and fluvial deposits at various locations in the Ka'u Desert, at varying distances from sources and subject to different environmental processes. In the lab, we have begun to use optical and scanning electron microscopic images to assess how grain size, shape, and angularity of individual particles change with increasing transport distances. We are also conducting point counts of particles contained within each sample to better understand how olivine, pyroxene, feldspar, and lithic and vitric fragments weather with increasing transport distances. Selected samples are being analyzed for changes in chemistry. T

Craddock, R. A.; Needell, Z. A.; Rose, T. R.

2012-04-01

31

Aggregation-induced reversal of transport distances of soil organic matter: are our balances correct?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of soil erosion on global carbon cycling, especially as a source or sink of green-house gases (GHGs), is the subject of intense debate. The controversy arises mostly from the lack of information on the fate of eroded soil organic carbon (SOC) as it moves from the site of erosion to the site of longer-term deposition. This requires improved understanding the transport distances of eroded SOC, which is principally related to the settling velocities of sediment fractions that carry the eroded SOC. For aggregated soils, settling velocities are affected by their actual aggregate size rather than the mineral grain size distribution. Aggregate stability is, in turn, strongly influenced by soil organic matter. This study aims at identifying the effect of aggregation on the transport distances of eroded SOC and its susceptibility to mineralization after transport and deposition. A rainfall simulation was carried out on a silty loam soil. The eroded sediments were fractionated by a settling tube apparatus into six different size classes according to their settling velocities and likely transport distances. Weight, SOC concentration and instantaneous respiration rates of the fractions of the six classes were measured. Our results show that: 1) 41% of the eroded SOC was transported with coarse aggregates that would be likely re-distributed across landscapes; 2) erosion was prone to accelerate the mineralization of eroded organic carbon immediately after erosion, compared to undisturbed aggregates; 3) erosion might make a higher contribution to atmospheric CO2 than the estimation made without considering the effects of aggregation and extra SOC mineralization during transport.

Hu, Yaxian; Kuhn, Nikolaus

2014-05-01

32

Long-distance lateral magma transport from intra-oceanic island arc volcanoes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Long-distance lateral magma transport in oceanic island arc volcanoes is emerging as a common phenomenon where the regional stress regime is favorable. It should also be recognized as an important factor in the construction and growth of island arcs. In this contribution, we report on recent investigations into the magma plumbing of Izu-Oshima volcano: an active basaltic volcano with an extensive fissure system. Geophysical observations in the Izu-Bonin intra-oceanic island arc indicate that magma is transported long distances laterally from the main basaltic composite volcano. When Miyakejima erupted in 2000, seismic activity migrated about 30km northwestward from the volcanic centre (Geshi et al., 2002). This event is interpreted to reflect northwestward dike injection and propagation from Miyakejima, transporting magma at a depth range between 12 and 20km (Kodaira et al., 2002). We demonstrated that long-distance lateral magma transport also occurred at the Nishiyama volcano on Hachijojima Island using petrological, geochemical and structural studies of satellite vents (Ishizuka et al., 2008). Nishiyama provided evidence for two types of magma transport. In the first type, primitive magma moved laterally NNW for at least 20km in the middle to lower crust (10-20km deep). The other type is characterized by magmas that have experienced differentiation in a shallow magma chamber beneath Nishiyama and have been transported short distances (<5km). The long-distance magma transport seems to be controlled by a regional extensional stress regime, while short distance transport may be controlled by local stress regime affected by the load generated by the main volcanic edifice. Izu-Oshima volcano comprises numerous, subparallel NW-SE trending submarine ridges extending up to 22 km to the NW and SE from the summit of Izu-Oshima. A recent diving survey has revealed that: 1) NW-SE trending ridges are fissures which erupted basaltic spatter and lava flows. 2) Basaltic effusives are petrographically similar among each ridge, while there are noticeable differences between ridges. 3) The ridges are petrographically distinct from interspersed seamounts. These seamounts are identical to the Higashi-Izu-Oki monogenetic volcanoes (HIMV) found across this area of the rear-arc. Geochemically there is a close similarity between the submarine ridges and the corresponding subaerial chains, implying that each chain represents an episode of magma transport away from the main Izu-Oshima edifice. This scenario also explains the overlapping distribution of the HIMV and NW-SE chains which have clearly distinct magma sources. HIMV appear to be fed by an "in-situ" source, while the NW-SE chains are fed by lateral magma transport from the Izu-Oshima plumbing system. Unlike the Nishiyama volcano, Izu-Oshima does not show a compositional variation along the length of the volcanic chains, and has no evidence of any primitive magmas. Hence, the magma transport from Izu-Oshima seems to occur from a shallow crustal magma chamber where extensive crystal fractionation and plagioclase accumulation has taken place.

Ishizuka, O.; Geshi, N.; Kawanabe, Y.; Ogitsu, I.; Tuzino, T.; Nakano, S.; Arai, K.; Sakamoto, I.; Taylor, R. N.; Sano, K.; Yamamoto, T.

2011-12-01

33

Long-distance transportation of patients with a paracorporeal left ventricular assist system  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Japan, the heart transplantation program is specialized in only three institutions in Osaka and Tokyo. Therefore, a patient\\u000a must be transferred to these hospitals for extended treatment, regardless of the distance. Trans-portation of the patient\\u000a with a paracorporeal left ventricular assist system (Toyobo LVAS) is difficult because of its extremely large consumption\\u000a of electric power. We planned to transfer

Eiki Tayama; Koji Akasu; Hideyuki Kashikie; Masaru Nishimi; Nobuhiko Hayashida; Shuji Fukunaga; Toru Takaseya; Royichi Hiratsuka; Shigeaki Aoyagi

2001-01-01

34

Leader Proteinase of Beet Yellows Virus Functions in Long-Distance Transport  

PubMed Central

The 66-kDa leader proteinase (L-Pro) of the Beet yellows virus (BYV) possesses a nonconserved N-terminal domain and a conserved, papain-like C-terminal domain. Previous work revealed that the N-terminal domain functions in RNA amplification, whereas the C-terminal domain is required for autoproteolysis. Alanine-scanning mutagenesis was applied to complete the functional analysis of L-Pro throughout the virus life cycle. This analysis indicated that the C-terminal domain of L-Pro, in addition to being required for proteolysis, also functions in RNA amplification and that these two functions are genetically separable. Examination of the role of L-Pro in BYV cell-to-cell movement revealed that none of the 20 examined replication-competent mutants was movement defective. In contrast, six of the L-Pro mutations affected the long-distance transport of BYV to various degrees, whereas three mutations completely abolished the transport. Because these mutations were located throughout the protein molecule, both domains of L-Pro function in virus transport. We conclude that in addition to previously identified functions of L-Pro, it also serves as the BYV long-distance transport factor. PMID:12584307

Peng, Chih-Wen; Napuli, Alberto J.; Dolja, Valerian V.

2003-01-01

35

Long-distance transport, vacuolar sequestration and transcriptional responses induced by cadmium and arsenic  

PubMed Central

Summary Iron, zinc, copper and manganese are essential metals for cellular enzyme functions while cadmium, mercury and the metalloid arsenic lack any biological function. Both, essential and non-essential metals and metalloids are extremely reactive and toxic. Therefore, plants have acquired specialized mechanisms to sense, transport and maintain essential metals within physiological concentrations and to detoxify non-essential metals and metalloids. This review focuses on the recent identification of transporters that sequester cadmium and arsenic in vacuoles and the mechanisms mediating the partitioning of these metal(loid)s between roots and shoots. We further discuss recent models of phloem-mediated long-distance transport, seed accumulation of Cd and As and recent data demonstrating that plants posses a defined transcriptional response that allow plants to preserve metal homeostasis. This research is instrumental for future engineering of reduced toxic metal(loid) accumulation in edible crop tissues as well as for improved phytoremediation technologies. PMID:21820943

Mendoza-Cózatl, David G.; Jobe, Timothy O.; Hauser, Felix; Schroeder, Julian I.

2011-01-01

36

Long-distance root-to-shoot transport of phytochelatins and cadmium in Arabidopsis  

PubMed Central

Phytochelatin synthases (PCS) mediate cellular heavy-metal resistance in plants, fungi, and worms. However, phytochelatins (PCs) are generally considered to function as intracellular heavy-metal detoxification mechanisms, and whether long-distance transport of PCs occurs during heavy-metal detoxification remains unknown. Here, wheat TaPCS1 cDNA expression was either targeted to Arabidopsis roots with the Arabidopsis alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh) promoter (Adh::TaPCS1/cad1-3) or ectopically expressed with the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter (35S::TaPCS1/cad1-3) in the PC-deficient mutant cad1-3. Adh::TaPCS1/cad1-3 and 35S::TaPCS1/cad1-3 complemented the cadmium, mercury, and arsenic sensitivities of the cad1-3 mutant. Northern blot, RT-PCR, and Western blot analyses showed Adh promoter-driven TaPCS1 expression only in roots and thus demonstrated lack of long-distance TaPCS1 mRNA and protein transport in plants. Fluorescence HPLC analyses showed that under Cd2+ stress, no PCs were detectable in cad1-3. However, in Adh::TaPCS1/cad1-3 plants, PCs were detected in roots and in rosette leaves and stems. Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer analyses showed that either root-specific or ectopic expression of TaPCS1 significantly enhanced long-distance Cd2+ transport into stems and rosette leaves. Unexpectedly, transgenic expression of TaPCS1 reduced Cd2+ accumulation in roots compared with cad1-3. The reduced Cd2+ accumulation in roots and enhanced root-to-shoot Cd2+ transport in transgenic plants were abrogated by l-buthionine sulfoximine. The presented findings show that (i) transgenic expression of TaPCS1 suppresses the heavy-metal sensitivity of cad1-3, (ii) PCs can be transported from roots to shoots, and (iii) transgenic expression of the TaPCS1 gene increases long-distance root-to-shoot Cd2+ transport and reduces Cd2+ accumulation in roots. PMID:12909714

Gong, Ji-Ming; Lee, David A.; Schroeder, Julian I.

2003-01-01

37

Metered Mail Form International Mail Only  

E-print Network

Metered Mail Form International Mail Only Charge to Department USPS First Class Mail International International Metered Mail Form and must be kept separate from all other domestic mail. · International mail

Palmeri, Thomas

38

Initial Motion and Bedload Transport Distance Determined by Particle Tracking in a Large Regulated River  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reservoir releases on large regulated rivers are increasingly being used to rejuvenate riverine habitat downstream of dams. Determining the effective flow level is complicated by the trade-off between mobilizing bed particles and retaining coarse sediment in rivers with low sediment supply. This study determined mobilization and transport distance of bed particles using motion-sensing radio transmitting particles that approximated the reach-average D84 grain size. The distribution of shear stress at initial motion varied substantially between flood events, and suggests that the sequence of flood events and the history of underthreshold flows may be an important determinant of bed strength and thus particle mobility. In addition, particle activity was greatest on the rising limb of each flood and was maximized at near bank-full flow. Travel distances did not vary between floods when scaled by transport event duration, and a negative exponential distribution was a good fit to the data. Results of this study provide important insight into individual particle movement, which can be used to inform flow releases and understand the effects of flood magnitude on particle mobility and transport.

May, C. L.; Smith Pryor, B.; Lisle, T. E.

2012-12-01

39

Long-distance pollen transport from North America to Greenland in1 Denis-Didier Rousseau1,2  

E-print Network

] In the Arctic domain there is evidence for very long distance transport of pollen grains from3 boreal forests, the dates of deposition of the pollen on the8 filters, and the distribution map of the trees identified

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

40

Influence of water chemistry and travel distance on bacteriophage PRD-1 transport in a sandy aquifer  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Experiments were conducted to evaluate the impact of groundwater chemistry and travel distance on the transport and fate behavior of PRD-1, a bacteriophage employed as a surrogate tracer for pathogenic enteric viruses. The experiments were conducted in the unconfined aquifer at the United States Geological Survey Cape Cod Toxic-Substances Hydrology Research Site in Falmouth, Massachusetts. The transport behavior of bromide (Br-) and PRD-1 were evaluated in a sewage-effluent contaminated zone and a shallower uncontaminated zone at this site. Several multilevel sampling devices located along a 13-m transect were used to collect vertically discrete samples to examine longitudinal and vertical variability of PRD-1 retardation and attenuation. The concentration of viable bacteriophage in the aqueous phase decreased greatly during the first few meters of transport. This decrease is attributed to a combination of colloid filtration (attachment) and inactivation. The removal was greater (10 -12 relative recovery) and occurred within the first meter for the uncontaminated zone, whereas it was lesser (10-9 relative recovery) and occurred over 4 m in the contaminated zone. The lesser removal observed for the contaminated zone is attributed to the influence of sorbed and dissolved organic matter, phosphate, and other anions, which are present in higher concentrations in the contaminated zone, on PRD-1 attachment. After the initial decrease, the aqueous PRD-1 concentrations remained essentially constant in both zones for the remainder of the tests (total travel distances of 13 m), irrespective of variations in geochemical properties within and between the two zones. The viable, mobile PRD-1 particles traveled at nearly the rate of bromide, which was used as a non-reactive tracer. The results of this study indicate that a small fraction of viable virus particles may persist in the aqueous phase and travel significant distances in the subsurface environment. ?? 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Blanford, W.J.; Brusseau, M.L.; Yeh, T.-C.J.; Gerba, C.P.; Harvey, R.

2005-01-01

41

Going the Distance? NRC's Response to the National Academy of Science's Transportation Study  

SciTech Connect

In February 2006, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) published the results of a 3 1/2-year study, titled Going the Distance, that examined the safety of transporting spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high level waste (HLW) in the United States. NAS initiated this study to address what it perceived to be a national need for an independent, objective, and authoritative analysis of SNF and HLW transport in the United States. The study was co-sponsored by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), the Electric Power Research Institute and the National Cooperative Highway Research Program. This paper addresses some of the recommendations made in the NAS study related to the performance of SNF transportation casks in long duration fires, the use of full-scale package testing, and the need for an independent review of transportation security prior to the commencement of large scale shipping campaigns to an interim storage site or geologic repository. In conclusion: The NRC believes that the current regulations in 10 CFR Part 71 for the design of SNF and HLW transportation packages provide a very high level of protection to the public for very severe accidents and credible threat scenarios. As recommended by the NAS study, additional studies of accidents involving severe fires have been completed. These studies have confirmed that spent fuel casks would be expected to withstand very severe fires without the release of any fission products from the spent fuel. Additionally, changes in rail operating procedures such as the use of dedicated trains and prohibition on the co-location of SNF and flammable liquids in rail tunnels can further reduce the already low probability of severe rail accident fires involving SNF and HLW. (authors)

Easton, E.P.; Bajwa, C.S. [United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

2008-07-01

42

Rice nitrate transporter OsNPF2.4 functions in low-affinity acquisition and long-distance transport.  

PubMed

Plant proteins belonging to the NPF (formerly NRT1/PTR) family are well represented in every genome and function in transporting a wide variety of substrates. In this study, we showed that rice OsNPF2.4 is located in the plasma membrane and is expressed mainly in the epidermis, xylem parenchyma, and phloem companion cells. Functional analysis in oocytes showed that OsNPF2.4 is a pH-dependent, low-affinity N O 3 - transporter. Short-term (15 N O 3 -) influx rate, long-term N O 3 - acquisition by root, and upward transfer from root to shoot were decreased by disruption of OsNPF2.4 and increased by OsNPF2.4 overexpression under high N O 3 - supply. Moreover, the redistribution of N O 3 - in the mutants in comparison with the wild type from the oldest leaf to other organs, particularly to N-starved roots, was dramatically changed. Knockout of OsNPF2.4 decreased rice growth and potassium (K) concentration in xylem sap, root, culm, and sheath, but increased the shoot:root ratio of tissue K under higher N O 3 - . We conclude that OsNPF2.4 functions in acquisition and long-distance transport of N O 3 - , and that altering its expression has an indirect effect on K recycling between the root and shoot. PMID:25332358

Xia, Xiudong; Fan, Xiaorong; Wei, Jia; Feng, Huimin; Qu, Hongye; Xie, Dan; Miller, Anthony J; Xu, Guohua

2015-01-01

43

Electronic Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decision makers must address the issues of (1) just what are electronic communications? (2) how will they help me teach, administer, or survive? and (3) what will it cost in time and money? Electronic mail allows the sending of letters, memos, and messages to anyone who uses the same electronic mail system, and provides most of the options that…

Pollard, Jim; Holznagel, Don

1984-01-01

44

Long-distance transport of Gibberellic Acid Insensitive mRNA in Nicotiana benthamiana  

PubMed Central

Background The Gibberellic Acid (GA) signal is governed by the GAI (Gibberellic Acid Insensitive) repressor, which is characterized by a highly conserved N-terminal DELLA domain. Deletion of the DELLA domain results in constitutive suppression of GA signaling. As the GAI transcript is transportable in phloem elements, a ?-DELLA GAI (gai) transgenic stock plant can reduce the stature of a scion through transport of gai mRNA from the stock. However, little is known about the characteristics of a scion on a gai stock. Results Arabidopsis ?-DELLA GAI (gai) was fused with a T7 epitope tag and expressed under the control of a companion cell-specific expression promoter, Commelina yellow mottle virus promoter (CoYMVp), to enhance transport in the phloem. The CoYMVp:Atgai-T7 (CgT) transgenic Nicotiana benthamiana exhibited a dwarf phenotype and lower sensitivity to GA enhancement of shoot stature. A wild-type (WT) scion on a CgT stock contained both Atgai-T7 mRNA and the translated product. Microarray analysis to clarify the effect of the CgT stock on the gene expression pattern in the scion clearly revealed that the WT scions on CgT stocks had fewer genes whose expression was altered in response to GA treatment. An apple rootstock variety, Malus prunifolia, integrating CoYMVp:Atgai moderately reduced the tree height of the apple cultivar scion. Conclusions Our results demonstrate that Atgai mRNA can move from companion cells to sieve tubes and that the translated product remains at the sites to which it is transported, resulting in attenuation of GA responses by reducing the expression of many genes. The induction of semi-dwarfism in an apple cultivar on root stock harbouring Atgai suggests that long-distance transport of mRNA from grafts would be applicable to horticulture crops. PMID:24144190

2013-01-01

45

Aggregates reduce transport distance of soil organic carbon: are our balances correct?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of soil erosion on global carbon cycling, especially as a source or sink for greenhouse gases, has been the subject of intense debate. The controversy arises mostly from the lack of information on the fate of eroded soil organic carbon (SOC) whilst in-transit from the site of erosion to the site of longer-term deposition. Solving this controversy requires an improved understanding of the transport distance of eroded SOC, which is principally related to the settling velocity of sediment fractions that carry the eroded SOC. Although settling velocity has already been included in some erosion models, it is often based on mineral particle size distribution. For aggregated soils, settling velocities are affected by their actual aggregate size rather than by mineral particle size distribution. Aggregate stability is, in turn, strongly influenced by SOC. In order to identify the effect of aggregation of source soil on the transport distance of eroded SOC, and its susceptibility to mineralization after transport and temporary deposition, a rainfall simulation was carried out on a silty loam. Both the eroded sediments and undisturbed soils were fractionated into six different size classes using a settling tube apparatus according to their settling velocities: > 250, 125 to 250, 63 to 125, 32 to 63, 20 to 32 and < 20 ?m. Weight, SOC content and instantaneous respiration rates were measured for each of the six class fractions. Our results indicate that (1) 41% of the eroded SOC was transported with coarse aggregates that would be likely re-deposited down eroding hillslopes, rather than with fine particles likely transferred to water courses; (2) erosion was prone to accelerate the mineralization of eroded SOC, and thus might contribute more CO2 to the atmosphere than current estimates which often ignore potential effects of aggregation; (3) preferential deposition of SOC-rich coarse aggregates potentially causes an increase of SOC remaining in the colluvial system and a reduction of SOC flux to the alluvial or aquatic system. These findings identify a potential error of overestimating net erosion-induced carbon sink effects, and thus add an additional factor to consider when improving our current understanding of SOC erosion and deposition on hillslopes.

Hu, Y.; Kuhn, N. J.

2014-11-01

46

Aggregates reduce transport distance of soil organic carbon: are our balances correct?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of soil erosion on global carbon cycling, especially as a source or sink for greenhouse gases, has been the subject of intense debate. The controversy arises mostly from the lack of information on the fate of eroded soil organic carbon (SOC) whilst in-transit from the site of erosion to the site of longer-term deposition. Solving this controversy requires an improved understanding of the transport distance of eroded SOC, which is principally related to the settling velocity of sediment fractions that carry the eroded SOC. Although settling velocity has already been included in some erosion models, it is often based on mineral particle size distribution. For aggregated soils, settling velocities are affected by their actual aggregate size rather than by mineral particle size distribution. Aggregate stability is, in turn, strongly influenced by SOC. In order to identify the effect of aggregation of source soil on the transport distance of eroded SOC, and its susceptibility to mineralization after transport and temporary deposition, a rainfall simulation was carried out on a silty loam. Both the eroded sediments and undisturbed soil were fractionated into six different size classes using a settling tube apparatus according to their settling velocities. Weight, SOC concentration and instantaneous respiration rates were measured for each of the six class fractions. Our results indicate that: (1) 41% of the eroded SOC was transported with coarse aggregates that would be likely re-deposited down eroding hillslopes, rather than with fine particles likely transferred to water courses; (2) erosion was prone to accelerate the mineralization of eroded SOC, and thus might contribute more CO2 to the atmosphere than current estimates which often ignore potential effects of aggregation; (3) preferential deposition of SOC-rich coarse aggregates potentially causes an increase of SOC remaining in the colluvial system and a reduction of SOC flux to the alluvial or aquatic system. These findings identify a potential error of overestimating net erosion-induced carbon sink effects, and thus add an additional factor to consider when improving our current understanding of SOC erosion and deposition on hillslopes.

Hu, Y.; Kuhn, N. J.

2014-06-01

47

The magmatic plumbing of the submarine Hachijo NW volcanic chain, Hachijojima, Japan: Long-distance magma transport?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent geophysical observations on basaltic composite volcanoes in Izu-Bonin arc reveal the process of long-distance lateral magma transport within arc crust. To clarify a long-distance magma transport system of the basaltic arc volcano from geological and petrological aspects, we investigated 20-km-long submarine volcanic chains (Hachijo NW chain and Hachijo-kojima chain) and cones on the northeastern slope (NE edifices) as well as subaerial satellite cones nested Hachijo Nishiyama volcano in the northern Izu arc front. Basalts from Hachijo NW chain have more primitive composition than those from other edifices. The composition of the Hachijo NW chain basalts is controlled by fractional crystallization, while plagioclase accumulation occurred in NE edifices and subaerial satellite cones. Trace element and isotopic characteristics indicate that the same basaltic primary magma is involved in all sections of the volcano. This leads us to consider that magma was transported long distances between the Nishiyama volcano and the Hachijo NW chain. Primitive magma was laterally transported NNW for at least 20 km in the middle to lower crust (10-20 km deep) from Nishiyama volcano with only minimal crustal level modifications and formed Hachijo NW chain. On the other hand, magmas experienced crystal fractionation and accumulation at shallow magma chamber beneath Nishiyama volcano seems to have been transported in a short distance (<5 km) and formed NE trending edifices and subaerial satellite cones. The long-distance magma transport seems to be controlled by a regional extensional stress regime, while short-distance transport may be controlled by local stress regime affected by load of main volcanic edifice.

Ishizuka, Osamu; Geshi, Nobuo; Itoh, Jun'ichi; Kawanabe, Yoshihisa; Tuzino, Taqumi

2008-08-01

48

Long-distance transport of L-ascorbic acid in potato  

PubMed Central

Background Following on from recent advances in plant AsA biosynthesis there is increasing interest in elucidating the factors contributing to the L-ascorbic acid (AsA) content of edible crops. One main objective is to establish whether in sink organs such as fruits and tubers, AsA is synthesised in situ from imported photoassimilates or synthesised in source tissues and translocated via the phloem. In the current work we test the hypothesis that long-distance transport is involved in AsA accumulation within the potato tuber, the most significant source of AsA in the European diet. Results Using the EDTA exudation technique we confirm the presence of AsA in the phloem of potato plants and demonstrate a correlation between changes in the AsA content of source leaves and that of phloem exudates. Comparison of carboxyflourescein and AgNO3 staining is suggestive of symplastic unloading of AsA in developing tubers. This hypothesis was further supported by the changes in AsA distribution during tuber development which closely resembled those of imported photoassimilates. Manipulation of leaf AsA content by supply of precursors to source leaves resulted in increased AsA content of developing tubers. Conclusion Our data provide strong support to the hypothesis that long-distance transport of AsA occurs in potato. We also show that phloem AsA content and AsA accumulation in sink organs can be directly increased via manipulation of AsA content in the foliage. We are now attempting to establish the quantitative contribution of imported AsA to overall AsA accumulation in developing potato tubers via transgenic approaches. PMID:15377389

Tedone, Luigi; Hancock, Robert D; Alberino, Salvatore; Haupt, Sophie; Viola, Roberto

2004-01-01

49

Metered Mail Form Domestic Mail Only  

E-print Network

Metered Mail Form Domestic Mail Only For USPS Mail Only Charge to Department First Class Mail Media Meter Form. · All outgoing USPS Mail that needs postage should be kept separate from all other mail already be sealed prior to being metered. Failure to properly seal this type of mail could result

Palmeri, Thomas

50

Mail Irradiation  

MedlinePLUS

... packages. Top of page How does irradiation kill anthrax? Irradiation kills anthrax by shattering its DNA and other cellular components. ... technology is used) strikes the mail and any anthrax spores it may contain. The radiation dose is ...

51

Transportable distance measurement system based on superheterodyne interferometry using two phase-locked frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers.  

PubMed

We describe a transportable distance measurement system based on synthetic wavelength interferometry. Two frequency-doubled Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet lasers at 532 nm are used to generate a synthetic wavelength of approximately 2.5 cm. A nonpolarizing interferometric system has been set up to eliminate polarization cross-talk issue. A superheterodyne detection was performed to measure the synthetic phase and to determine absolute distances. The capability to achieve fringe interpolation of 2pi/5600 has been demonstrated and an agreement in distance measurement at the 4 microm level has been achieved, compared to an optical interferometric 3 m long displacement bench. PMID:20515129

Azouigui, S; Badr, T; Wallerand, J-P; Himbert, M; Salgado, J; Juncar, P

2010-05-01

52

Bioinspired tilt-angle fabricated structure gradient fibers: micro-drops fast transport in a long-distance.  

PubMed

Issues of surfaces, e.g., inspired from beetle's back, spider silk, cactus stem, etc., become the active area of research on designing novel materials in need of human beings to acquire fresh water resource from air. However, the design of materials on surface structure is little achieved on controlling of micro-scale drop transport in a long distance. Here, we report the ability of micro-drop transport in a long distance on a bioinspired Fibers with Gradient Spindle-knots (BFGS), which are fabricated by tilt angle dip-coating method. The micro-drop of ~0.25??L transports in distance of ~5.00?mm, with velocity of 0.10-0.22?m s?¹ on BFGS. It is attributed to the multi-level cooperation of the release energy of drop coalescence along the gradient spindle-knots, in addition to capillary adhesion force and continuous difference of Laplace pressure, accordingly, water drops are driven to move fast directionally in a long distance on BFGS. PMID:24113433

Chen, Yuan; Wang, Lin; Xue, Yan; Jiang, Lei; Zheng, Yongmei

2013-01-01

53

Bioinspired tilt-angle fabricated structure gradient fibers: micro-drops fast transport in a long-distance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Issues of surfaces, e.g., inspired from beetle's back, spider silk, cactus stem, etc., become the active area of research on designing novel materials in need of human beings to acquire fresh water resource from air. However, the design of materials on surface structure is little achieved on controlling of micro-scale drop transport in a long distance. Here, we report the ability of micro-drop transport in a long distance on a bioinspired Fibers with Gradient Spindle-knots (BFGS), which are fabricated by tilt angle dip-coating method. The micro-drop of ~0.25 ?L transports in distance of ~5.00 mm, with velocity of 0.10-0.22 m s-1 on BFGS. It is attributed to the multi-level cooperation of the release energy of drop coalescence along the gradient spindle-knots, in addition to capillary adhesion force and continuous difference of Laplace pressure, accordingly, water drops are driven to move fast directionally in a long distance on BFGS.

Chen, Yuan; Wang, Lin; Xue, Yan; Jiang, Lei; Zheng, Yongmei

2013-10-01

54

Integration of biosynthesis and long-distance transport establish organ-specific glucosinolate profiles in vegetative Arabidopsis.  

PubMed

Although it is essential for plant survival to synthesize and transport defense compounds, little is known about the coordination of these processes. Here, we investigate the above- and belowground source-sink relationship of the defense compounds glucosinolates in vegetative Arabidopsis thaliana. In vivo feeding experiments demonstrate that the glucosinolate transporters1 and 2 (GTR1 and GTR2), which are essential for accumulation of glucosinolates in seeds, are likely to also be involved in bidirectional distribution of glucosinolates between the roots and rosettes, indicating phloem and xylem as their transport pathways. Grafting of wild-type, biosynthetic, and transport mutants show that both the rosette and roots are able to synthesize aliphatic and indole glucosinolates. While rosettes constitute the major source and storage site for short-chained aliphatic glucosinolates, long-chained aliphatic glucosinolates are synthesized both in roots and rosettes with roots as the major storage site. Our grafting experiments thus indicate that in vegetative Arabidopsis, GTR1 and GTR2 are involved in bidirectional long-distance transport of aliphatic but not indole glucosinolates. Our data further suggest that the distinct rosette and root glucosinolate profiles in Arabidopsis are shaped by long-distance transport and spatially separated biosynthesis, suggesting that integration of these processes is critical for plant fitness in complex natural environments. PMID:23995084

Andersen, Tonni Grube; Nour-Eldin, Hussam Hassan; Fuller, Victoria Louise; Olsen, Carl Erik; Burow, Meike; Halkier, Barbara Ann

2013-08-01

55

Ultrafast long-distance excitation energy transport in donor-bridge-acceptor systems.  

PubMed

The excited-state dynamics of two energy donor-bridge-acceptor (D-B-A) systems consisting of a zinc tetraphenylporphyrin (ZnP) and a free base tetraphenylporphyrin (FbP) bridged by oligo-p-phenyleneethynylene units with different substituents has been investigated using ultrafast spectroscopy. These systems differ by the location of the lowest singlet excited state of the bridge, just above or below the S(2) porphyrin states. In the first case, Soret band excitation of the porphyrins is followed by internal conversion to the local S(1) state of both molecules and by a S(1) energy transfer from the ZnP to the FbP end on the 10 ns time scale, as expected for a center-to-center distance of about 4.7 nm. On the other hand, if the bridge is excited, the energy is efficiently transferred within 1 ps to both porphyrin ends. Selective bridge excitation is not possible with the second system, because of the overlap of the absorption bands. However, the time-resolved spectroscopic data suggest a reversible conversion between the D*(S(2))-B-A and D-B*(S(1))-A states as well as a transition from the D-B*(S(1))-A to the D-B-A* states on the picosecond time scale. This implies that the local S(2) energy of the ZnP end can be transported stepwise to the FbP end, i.e., over about 4.7 nm, within 1 ps with an efficiency of more than 0.2. PMID:23327635

Duvanel, Guillaume; Grilj, Jakob; Vauthey, Eric

2013-02-01

56

A Geospatial Assessment of Transport Distance and Survival to Discharge In Out Of Hospital Cardiac Arrest Patients: Implications for Resuscitation Centers  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES National leaders have suggested that patients with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OOHCA) may benefit from transport to specialized hospitals. We sought to assess the survival of OOHCA patients by transport distance and hospital proximity. METHODS Prospective, cohort study of OOHCA patients in 11 Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) sites across North America. Transport distance and hospital proximity was calculated using weighted centroid of census tract location by Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Patients were stratified into quartiles based on transport distance to the receiving hospital calculated via GIS. Descriptive statistics were used to describe characteristics by transport distance and to compare proximity to other hospitals. Multivariate logistic regression was used to evaluate the impact of transport distance on survival. RESULTS 26,628 patients were identified, 7,540 (28%) were transported by EMS and included in the final analysis. The median transport time was 6.3 minutes (IQR 5.4); the median transport distance being 2.4 miles (3.9 km). Most patients were taken to the closest hospital (71.7%; N=5,412). However, unadjusted survival to discharge was lower for those taken to the closest compared to further hospitals (12.1% vs. 16.5%) despite similar patient characteristics. Transport distance was not associated with survival on logistic analysis (OR 1.00; 95% CI 0.99–1.01). CONCLUSIONS Survival to discharge was higher in OOHCA patients taken to hospitals located further than the closest hospital while transport distance was not associated with survival. This suggests that longer transport distance/time might not adversely affect outcome. Further studies are needed to inform policy decisions regarding best destination post cardiac arrest PMID:20122779

Cudnik, Michael T.; Schmicker, Robert H.; Vaillancourt, Christian; Newgard, Craig D.; Christenson, James M.; Davis, Daniel P.; Lowe, Robert A.

2010-01-01

57

Effects of pre-shipping marbofloxacin administration on fever and blood properties in healthy Thoroughbreds transported a long distance.  

PubMed

The present study evaluated the effects of single-dose marbofloxacin in protecting horses against fever associated with transportation using 48 healthy Thoroughbreds. All horses were premedicated with interferon-? (0.5 U/kg, sublingually, every 24 hr) for 2 days before transportation and on the day of transportation. Horses were randomly assigned to receive marbofloxacin (2 mg/kg, IV, once; MRFX group), enrofloxacin (5 mg/kg, IV, once; ERFX group) or saline (0.9% NaCl) solution (10ml, IV, once; control group) ?1 hr before being transportation. Each group contained 16 horses (8 male, 8 female). Horses were transported 1,210 km using commercial vans over the course of approximately 26 hr. Clinical examinations and hematologic analyses were performed on all horses both before and after transportation. Post-transportation neutrophil to lymphocyte ratios were significantly lower in horses in the MRFX group compared with the control horses. The serum amyloid A levels were significantly lower in horses in the MRFX group and ERFX group compared with the control horses. Regarding the post-transportation rectal temperatures, fever was detected in 0 horses and 1 horse in the MRFX and ERFX groups, respectively, whereas fevers exceeding 39.1°C were detected in 2 horses in the control group. Additionally, the number of essential post-transportation treatments provided by veterinarians was reduced 3-fold in the MRFX and ERFX groups compared with the saline group. MRFX provided ERFX-like protection against fever associated with long-distance transportation, yielding significantly better protection than saline. Administration of MRFX just before transportation deserves further study for efficacy in preventing horse fever associated with transportation. PMID:25354717

Endo, Yoshiro; Tsuchiya, Takeru; Omura, Takaya; Nakai, Kenji; Korosue, Kenji; Ishimaru, Mutsuki; Ishikawa, Yuhiro; Hobo, Seiji

2014-10-29

58

Interaction between Long-Distance Transport Factor and Hsp70-Related Movement Protein of Beet Yellows Virus  

PubMed Central

Systemic spread of viruses in plants involves local movement from cell to cell and long-distance transport through the vascular system. The cell-to-cell movement of the Beet yellows virus (BYV) is mediated by a movement protein that is an Hsp70 homolog (Hsp70h). This protein is required for the assembly of movement-competent virions that incorporate Hsp70h. By using the yeast two-hybrid system, in vitro coimmunoprecipitation, and in planta coexpression approaches, we show here that the Hsp70h interacts with a 20-kDa BYV protein (p20). We further demonstrate that p20 is associated with the virions presumably via binding to Hsp70h. Genetic and immunochemical analyses indicate that p20 is dispensable for assembly and cell-to-cell movement of BYV but is required for the long-distance transport of virus through the phloem. These results reveal a novel activity for the Hsp70h that provides a molecular link between the local and systemic spread of a plant virus by docking a long-distance transport factor to virions. PMID:12368343

Prokhnevsky, Alexey I.; Peremyslov, Valera V.; Napuli, Alberto J.; Dolja, Valerian V.

2002-01-01

59

Defective Long-Distance Auxin Transport Regulation in the Medicago truncatula super numeric nodules Mutant1[W  

PubMed Central

Long-distance auxin transport was examined in Medicago truncatula and in its supernodulating mutant sunn (super numeric nodules) to investigate the regulation of auxin transport during autoregulation of nodulation (AON). A method was developed to monitor the transport of auxin from the shoot to the root in whole seedlings. Subsequently, the transport was monitored after inoculation of roots with the nodulating symbiont Sinorhizobium meliloti. The sunn mutant showed an increased amount of auxin transported from the shoot to the root compared to the wild type. The auxin transport capacity of excised root segments was similar in wild type and sunn, suggesting that the difference in long-distance auxin transfer between them is due to loading in the shoot. After inoculation, wild-type seedlings showed decreased auxin loading from the shoot to the root; however, the sunn mutant failed to reduce the amount of auxin loaded. The time of reduced auxin loading correlated with the onset of AON. Quantification of endogenous auxin levels at the site of nodule initiation showed that sunn contained three times more auxin than wild type. Inoculation of sunn failed to reduce the level of auxin within 24 h, as was observed in the wild type. We propose a model for the role of auxin during AON of indeterminate legumes: 1) high levels of endogenous auxin are correlated with increased numbers of nodules, 2) inoculation of roots reduces auxin loading from the shoot to the root, and 3) subsequent reduction of auxin levels in the root inhibits further nodule initiation. PMID:16489131

van Noorden, Giel E.; Ross, John J.; Reid, James B.; Rolfe, Barry G.; Mathesius, Ulrike

2006-01-01

60

Long distance transport in neurons is carried out by the molecularmotorproteinskinesinandcytoplasmicdynein  

E-print Network

transport, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington's disease and Parkinson's disease are all thought the molecularmechanismsunderlyingbidirectionaltransport is highlighted by its potential role in neurodegenerative diseases. Alzheimer's disease

Hancock, William O.

61

Transport Equation Based Wall Distance Computations Aimed at Flows With Time-Dependent Geometry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Eikonal, Hamilton-Jacobi and Poisson equations can be used for economical nearest wall distance computation and modification. Economical computations may be especially useful for aeroelastic and adaptive grid problems for which the grid deforms, and the nearest wall distance needs to be repeatedly computed. Modifications are directed at remedying turbulence model defects. For complex grid structures, implementation of the Eikonal and Hamilton-Jacobi approaches is not straightforward. This prohibits their use in industrial CFD solvers. However, both the Eikonal and Hamilton-Jacobi equations can be written in advection and advection-diffusion forms, respectively. These, like the Poisson's Laplacian, are commonly occurring industrial CFD solver elements. Use of the NASA CFL3D code to solve the Eikonal and Hamilton-Jacobi equations in advective-based forms is explored. The advection-based distance equations are found to have robust convergence. Geometries studied include single and two element airfoils, wing body and double delta configurations along with a complex electronics system. It is shown that for Eikonal accuracy, upwind metric differences are required. The Poisson approach is found effective and, since it does not require offset metric evaluations, easiest to implement. The sensitivity of flow solutions to wall distance assumptions is explored. Generally, results are not greatly affected by wall distance traits.

Tucker, Paul G.; Rumsey, Christopher L.; Bartels, Robert E.; Biedron, Robert T.

2003-01-01

62

Transport Equation Based Wall Distance Computations Aimed at Flows With Time-Dependent Geometry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Eikonal, Hamilton-Jacobi and Poisson equations can be used for economical nearest wall distance computation and modification. Economical computations may be especially useful for aeroelastic and adaptive grid problems for which the grid deforms, and the nearest wall distance needs to be repeatedly computed. Modifications are directed at remedying turbulence model defects. For complex grid structures, implementation of the Eikonal and Hamilton-Jacobi approaches is not straightforward. This prohibits their use in industrial CFD solvers. However, both the Eikonal and Hamilton-Jacobi equations can be written in advection and advection-diffusion forms, respectively. These, like the Poisson s Laplacian, are commonly occurring industrial CFD solver elements. Use of the NASA CFL3D code to solve the Eikonal and Hamilton-Jacobi equations in advective-based forms is explored. The advection-based distance equations are found to have robust convergence. Geometries studied include single and two element airfoils, wing body and double delta configurations along with a complex electronics system. It is shown that for Eikonal accuracy, upwind metric differences are required. The Poisson approach is found effective and, since it does not require offset metric evaluations, easiest to implement. The sensitivity of flow solutions to wall distance assumptions is explored. Generally, results are not greatly affected by wall distance traits.

Tucker, Paul G.; Rumsey, Christopher L.; Bartels, Robert E.; Biedron, Robert T.

2003-01-01

63

Assessing recycling versus incineration of key materials in municipal waste: The importance of efficient energy recovery and transport distances  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We model the environmental impact of recycling and incineration of household waste. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Recycling of paper, glass, steel and aluminium is better than incineration. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Recycling and incineration of cardboard and plastic can be equally good alternatives. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Recyclables can be transported long distances and still have environmental benefits. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Paper has a higher environmental benefit than recyclables found in smaller amounts. - Abstract: Recycling of materials from municipal solid waste is commonly considered to be superior to any other waste treatment alternative. For the material fractions with a significant energy content this might not be the case if the treatment alternative is a waste-to-energy plant with high energy recovery rates. The environmental impacts from recycling and from incineration of six material fractions in household waste have been compared through life cycle assessment assuming high-performance technologies for material recycling as well as for waste incineration. The results showed that there are environmental benefits when recycling paper, glass, steel and aluminium instead of incinerating it. For cardboard and plastic the results were more unclear, depending on the level of energy recovery at the incineration plant, the system boundaries chosen and which impact category was in focus. Further, the environmental impact potentials from collection, pre-treatment and transport was compared to the environmental benefit from recycling and this showed that with the right means of transport, recyclables can in most cases be transported long distances. However, the results also showed that recycling of some of the material fractions can only contribute marginally in improving the overall waste management system taking into consideration their limited content in average Danish household waste.

Merrild, Hanna [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Miljoevej, Building 113, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Larsen, Anna W., E-mail: awla@env.dtu.dk [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Miljoevej, Building 113, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Christensen, Thomas H. [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Miljoevej, Building 113, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark)

2012-05-15

64

Engineering and design of vehicles for long distance road transport of livestock (ruminants, pigs and poultry).  

PubMed

During road transportation, livestock are subjected to a number of concurrent potential stressors that can increase mortality and morbidity and compromise welfare status and production efficiency. A major concern is the thermal micro-environment within the vehicle with both heat stress and cold stress constituting major problems. It is possible to mitigate the effects of external climatic conditions by improving vehicle design and operation using engineering solutions that match 'on-board' environmental conditions with the biological requirements of the animals. This review describes an investigative approach that targets four elements. These are the thermal conditions on commercial transport vehicles under a range of climatic conditions, the 'thermal comfort zones' or target conditions for different livestock species, the heat and moisture loads upon vehicles that must be dissipated and the thermodynamic characteristics of animal transport vehicles that affect the design of mechanical or active ventilation systems able to function at maximum efficiency under everyday commercial conditions. Results of research around these four elements can provide the sound scientific basis for improved vehicle design and operation and for legislation and codes of practice aimed at optimising animal welfare and productivity in relation to transportation of livestock on journeys of both long and short duration. PMID:20405426

Mitchell, Malcolm A; Kettlewell, Peter J

2008-01-01

65

Seasonal associations and atmospheric transport distances of Fusarium collected with unmanned aerial vehicles and ground-based sampling devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spores of fungi in the genus Fusarium may be transported through the atmosphere over long distances. Members of this genus are important pathogens and mycotoxin producers. New information is needed to characterize seasonal trends in atmospheric loads of Fusarium and to pinpoint the source(s) of inoculum at both local (farm) and regional (state or country) scales. Spores of Fusarium were collected from the atmosphere in an agricultural ecosystem in Blacksburg, VA, USA using a Burkard volumetric sampler (BVS) 1 m above ground level and autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) 100 m above ground level. More than 2,200 colony forming units (CFUs) of Fusarium were collected during 104 BVS sampling periods and 180 UAV sampling periods over four calendar years (2009-2012). Spore concentrations ranged from 0 to 13 and 0 to 23 spores m-3 for the BVS and the UAVs, respectively. Spore concentrations were generally higher in the fall, spring, and summer, and lower in the winter. Spore concentrations from the BVS were generally higher than those from the UAVs for both seasonal and hourly collections. Some of the species of Fusarium identified from our collections have not been previously reported in the state of Virginia. A Gaussian plume transport model was used to estimate distances to the potential inoculum source(s) by season. This work extends previous studies showing an association between atmospheric transport barriers (Lagrangian coherent structures or LCSs) and the movement of Fusarium in the lower atmosphere. An increased understanding of the aerobiology of Fusarium may contribute to new and improved control strategies for diseases causes by fusaria in the future.

Schmale, David; Ross, Shane; Lin, Binbin

2014-05-01

66

Assessing recycling versus incineration of key materials in municipal waste: The importance of efficient energy recovery and transport distances.  

PubMed

Recycling of materials from municipal solid waste is commonly considered to be superior to any other waste treatment alternative. For the material fractions with a significant energy content this might not be the case if the treatment alternative is a waste-to-energy plant with high energy recovery rates. The environmental impacts from recycling and from incineration of six material fractions in household waste have been compared through life cycle assessment assuming high-performance technologies for material recycling as well as for waste incineration. The results showed that there are environmental benefits when recycling paper, glass, steel and aluminium instead of incinerating it. For cardboard and plastic the results were more unclear, depending on the level of energy recovery at the incineration plant, the system boundaries chosen and which impact category was in focus. Further, the environmental impact potentials from collection, pre-treatment and transport was compared to the environmental benefit from recycling and this showed that with the right means of transport, recyclables can in most cases be transported long distances. However, the results also showed that recycling of some of the material fractions can only contribute marginally in improving the overall waste management system taking into consideration their limited content in average Danish household waste. PMID:22265239

Merrild, Hanna; Larsen, Anna W; Christensen, Thomas H

2012-05-01

67

Vascular Regeneration and Long Distance Transport of Indole-3-acetic Acid in Coleus Stems 12  

PubMed Central

Excision of all leaves and buds of Coleus blumei Benth. plants reduced xylem cell and sieve tube regeneration a highly significant amount around a wound in internode number 5 when compared with regeneration in intact (wounded) plants. Application of indoleacetic acid (IAA-14C) to the cut surface of internode number 2 restores regenerative activity around the wound in internode number 5. Radioactivity applied as IAA-14C reaches the wound area when applied at the cut surface of inter-node number 2 showing a logarithmic decrease with distance from the point of application. Chromatography showed that radioactivity was located close to the RF of IAA as well as near the solvent front. Addition of gibberellic acid to IAA-14C did not change the pattern of radioactivity throughout the stem. PMID:16656371

Thompson, Neal P.

1966-01-01

68

Vascular Regeneration and Long Distance Transport of Indole-3-acetic Acid in Coleus Stems.  

PubMed

Excision of all leaves and buds of Coleus blumei Benth. plants reduced xylem cell and sieve tube regeneration a highly significant amount around a wound in internode number 5 when compared with regeneration in intact (wounded) plants. Application of indoleacetic acid (IAA-(14)C) to the cut surface of internode number 2 restores regenerative activity around the wound in internode number 5. Radioactivity applied as IAA-(14)C reaches the wound area when applied at the cut surface of inter-node number 2 showing a logarithmic decrease with distance from the point of application. Chromatography showed that radioactivity was located close to the R(F) of IAA as well as near the solvent front.Addition of gibberellic acid to IAA-(14)C did not change the pattern of radioactivity throughout the stem. PMID:16656371

Thompson, N P

1966-09-01

69

The long distance transport (LDT) of Ambrosia pollen from the Pannonian Plain to Scandinavia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ragweed (Ambrosia spp.) pollen grains are important aeroallergens that cause seasonal allergic rhinitis and asthma to sensitive individuals. This study describes the conditions required for the LDT of ragweed pollen from the Pannonian Plain (PP) to Sweden on the 27- 28 August 2011, using a combination of daily and bi-hourly pollen count data, the overall synoptic weather situation, 3D analysis of the regional scale orography using Digital Elevation Models, surface meteorological data, satellite observations, and air mas trajectories calculated using the HYSPLIT model. During the episode, high pressure (1024-1028 hPa) situated over European Russia and the Black Sea to the east and deep low pressure (~990 hPa) over the British Isles in the northwest resulted in a general southeast-northwest movement of air, and the occurrence of the jet-effect Kosava wind in the PP. This dry and gusty wind caused ragweed pollen release on the PP and pollen to be transported to the northwest. A foehn wind that governs air movement down leeward slopes into the PP was also active. The 24 and 25 August 2011 were very hot and caused large amounts of ragweed pollen to be released and taken high up in the atmosphere through convection. Such conditions also resulted in high Planetary Boundary Layers over the entire area, conditions that facilitated the transport of pollen over areas of low elevation on the Western Carpathians (i.e. the Moravian Gate or Low Baskid passes) northward into Poland and beyond.

Šikoparija, B..; Skjøth, C. A.; Alm Kübler, K.; Dahl, A.; Radiši?, P.; Sommer, J.; Grewling, ?.; Smith, M.

2012-04-01

70

Monitoring and Predicting the Long Distance Transport of Fusarium graminearum, Causal Agent of Fusarium Head Blight in Wheat and Barley  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fusarium head blight (FHB), caused by Fusarium graminearum , is a serious disease of wheat and barley that has caused several billion dollars in crop losses over the last decade in the United States. Spores of F. graminearum are released from corn and small grain residues left-over from the previous growing season and are transported long distances in the atmosphere before being deposited. Current risk assessment tools consider environmental conditions favorable for disease development, but do not include spore transport. Long distance transport models have been proposed for a number of plant pathogens, but many of these models have not been experimentally validated. In order to predict the atmospheric transport of F. graminearum, the potential source strength ( Qpot) of inoculum must be known. We conducted a series of laboratory and field experiments to estimate Qpot from a field-scale source of inoculum of F. graminearum. Perithecia were generated on artificial (carrot agar) and natural (corn stalk) substrates. Artificial substrate (carrot agar) produced 15+/-0.4 perithecia cm-2, and natural substrate (corn stalk) produced 44+/-2 perithecia cm-2. Individual perithecia were excised from both substrate types and allowed to release ascospores every 24 hours. Perithecia generated from artificial (carrot agar) and natural (corn stalk) substrates released a mean of 104+/-5 and 276+/-16 ascospores, respectively. A volumetric spore trap was placed inside a 3,716 m2 clonal source of inoculum in 2011 and 2012. Results indicated that ascospores were released under field conditions predominantly (>90%) during the night (1900 to 0700 hours). Estimates of Qpot for our field-scale sources of inoculum were approximately 4 billion ascospores per 3,716 m 2. Release-recapture studies were conducted from a clonal field-scale source of F. graminearum in 2011 and 2012. Microsatellites were used to identify the released clone of F. graminearum at distances up to 1 km from the source. Dispersal kernels for field observations were compared to results predicted by a Gaussian dispersal-based spore transport model. In 2011 and 2012, dispersal kernel shape coefficients were similar for both results observed in the field and predicted by the model, with both being dictated by a power law function, indicating that turbulence was the dominant transport factor on the scale we studied (˜ 1 km). Model predictions had a stronger correlation with the number of spores being released when using a time varying q0 emission rate (r= 0.92 in 2011 and r= 0.84 in 2012) than an identical daily pattern q0 emission rate (r= 0.35 in 2011 and r= 0.32 in 2012). The actual numbers of spores deposited were 3 and 2000 times lower than predicted if Qpot were equal to the actual number of spores released in 2011 and 2012, respectively. Future work should address estimating the actual number of spore released from an inoculated field during any given season, to improve prediction accuracy of the model. This work should assist in improving current risk assessment tools for FHB and contribute to the development of early warning systems for the spread of F. graminearum.

Prussin, Aaron Justin, II

71

The Shortlist Method for fast computation of the Earth Mover's Distance and finding optimal solutions to transportation problems.  

PubMed

Finding solutions to the classical transportation problem is of great importance, since this optimization problem arises in many engineering and computer science applications. Especially the Earth Mover's Distance is used in a plethora of applications ranging from content-based image retrieval, shape matching, fingerprint recognition, object tracking and phishing web page detection to computing color differences in linguistics and biology. Our starting point is the well-known revised simplex algorithm, which iteratively improves a feasible solution to optimality. The Shortlist Method that we propose substantially reduces the number of candidates inspected for improving the solution, while at the same time balancing the number of pivots required. Tests on simulated benchmarks demonstrate a considerable reduction in computation time for the new method as compared to the usual revised simplex algorithm implemented with state-of-the-art initialization and pivot strategies. As a consequence, the Shortlist Method facilitates the computation of large scale transportation problems in viable time. In addition we describe a novel method for finding an initial feasible solution which we coin Modified Russell's Method. PMID:25310106

Gottschlich, Carsten; Schuhmacher, Dominic

2014-01-01

72

The magmatic plumbing of the submarine Hachijo NW volcanic chain, Hachijojima, Japan: long distance lateral magma transport?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent geophysical observations on basaltic composite volcanoes in Izu-Bonin arc reveal the process of long distance lateral magma transport within the shallow middle crust. Such intrusion events sometimes caused flank fissure eruption and also triggered a formation of collapsed caldera (Miyakejima 2000). To clarify a long-distance magma transport system of the basaltic composite volcano in volcanic arc from geological and petrological aspects, we investigated a submarine volcanic chain (Hachijo NW chain) nested Hachijo Nishiyama volcano, a frontal composite volcano in the northern Izu arc. The volcanic chain extends 15 km from Hachijo-Nishiyama volcano and is composed of ridges and many small cones with basal diameters generally less than 2km. Dredge sampling recovered basaltic lavas and spatters. A diving survey using a ROV (Hyper Dolphin) revealed pillow lava flows on steep slopes and accumulation of spatters and agglutinates near the eruption center. Basalts from the Hachijo NW chain generally have more primitive composition (up to nearly 7% of MgO) compared to the basaltic rocks from the Nishiyama. The bulk magma composition of Hachijo NW chain is controlled by fractionation of clinopyroxene, olivine and plagioclase while plagioclase accumulation was indicated by aluminum-rich character of the Nishiyama volcano and its subaerial satellite cones. Trace element ratios unaffected by melting or crystal fractionation (e.g., Nb/Zr) are not significantly different between the Nishiyama and the Hachijo NW chain. This implies that the sources of magma for these volcanic systems are basically identical. However, ratios affected by melting process are significantly different between the two. Hachijo NW chain shows lower LREE/HREE and Zr/Y, implying difference in degree of partial melting of the source. Other possible processes for producing these differences in trace element characteristics include crustal assimilation. These results obtained so far appear to indicate that the feeding system of the Hachijo NW chain is independent from that of the Nishiyama volcano, even though there are some transitional lavas implying interaction between the two systems. Magma erupted from the Nishiyama volcano seems to have plagioclase accumulation after crystal fractionation of plagioclase and mafic minerals possibly in a shallow crustal magma chamber. Magmas erupted in the Hachijo NW chain, however, experienced much less crystal fractionation in the crust during ascent. They erupted without plagioclase accumulation. The observed difference in their magmas precludes the possibility that the Hachijo NW chain magma was separated and transported from the magma system of Nishiyama volcano before the Nishiyama magma was affected by crystal fractionation and plagioclase accumulation.

Ishizuka, O.; Geshi, N.; Itoh, J.; Kawanabe, Y.; Tsujino, T.

2005-12-01

73

Symplastic Continuity between Companion Cells and the Translocation Stream: Long-Distance Transport Is Controlled by Retention and Retrieval Mechanisms in the Phloem1  

PubMed Central

Substantial symplastic continuity appears to exist between companion cells (CCs) and sieve elements of the phloem, which suggests that small solutes within the CC are subject to indiscriminate long-distance transport via the translocation stream. To test this hypothesis, the distributions of exotic and endogenous solutes synthesized in the CCs of minor veins were studied. Octopine, a charged molecule derived from arginine and pyruvate, was efficiently transported through the phloem but was also transferred in substantial amounts to the apoplast, and presumably other non-phloem compartments. The disaccharide galactinol also accumulated in non-phloem compartments, but long-distance transport was limited. Conversely, sucrose, raffinose, and especially stachyose demonstrated reduced accumulation and efficient transport out of the leaf. We conclude that small metabolites in the cytosol of CCs do enter the translocation stream indiscriminately but are also subject to distributive forces, such as nonselective and carrier-mediated membrane transport and symplastic dispersal, that may effectively clear a compound from the phloem or retain it for long-distance transport. A model is proposed in which the transport of oligosaccharides is an adaptive strategy to improve photoassimilate retention, and consequently translocation efficiency, in the phloem. PMID:12692312

Ayre, Brian G.; Keller, Felix; Turgeon, Robert

2003-01-01

74

The Putative Plasma Membrane Na+/H+ Antiporter SOS1 Controls Long-Distance Na+ Transport in Plants  

PubMed Central

The salt tolerance locus SOS1 from Arabidopsis has been shown to encode a putative plasma membrane Na+/H+ antiporter. In this study, we examined the tissue-specific pattern of gene expression as well as the Na+ transport activity and subcellular localization of SOS1. When expressed in a yeast mutant deficient in endogenous Na+ transporters, SOS1 was able to reduce Na+ accumulation and improve salt tolerance of the mutant cells. Confocal imaging of a SOS1–green fluorescent protein fusion protein in transgenic Arabidopsis plants indicated that SOS1 is localized in the plasma membrane. Analysis of SOS1 promoter–?-glucuronidase transgenic Arabidopsis plants revealed preferential expression of SOS1 in epidermal cells at the root tip and in parenchyma cells at the xylem/symplast boundary of roots, stems, and leaves. Under mild salt stress (25 mM NaCl), sos1 mutant shoot accumulated less Na+ than did the wild-type shoot. However, under severe salt stress (100 mM NaCl), sos1 mutant plants accumulated more Na+ than did the wild type. There also was greater Na+ content in the xylem sap of sos1 mutant plants exposed to 100 mM NaCl. These results suggest that SOS1 is critical for controlling long-distance Na+ transport from root to shoot. We present a model in which SOS1 functions in retrieving Na+ from the xylem stream under severe salt stress, whereas under mild salt stress it may function in loading Na+ into the xylem. PMID:11884687

Shi, Huazhong; Quintero, Francisco J.; Pardo, Jose M.; Zhu, Jian-Kang

2002-01-01

75

Internet Electronic Mail Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic mail is the oldest of all the Internet applications and the most insecure. The need for corporate users to correspond securely with external business partners using Internet E-mail is growing at an alarming rate. Currently, corporate users are sending sensitive data over the Internet using E-mail. This data is being sent to business partners and potential clients over an

Christopher M. King

1998-01-01

76

HushMail  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hush Communications recently unveiled HushMail, the Web's first free email client with 1,024-bit encryption. This email service uses a Java applet to encrypt and decrypt messages sent between users with HushMail accounts. The developers of HushMail call this process a "public key cryptosystem with roaming user capability." HushMail offers the ease of use of Web-based email while providing the security and privacy not available with other free email services. HushMail even allows users to create secure, anonymous accounts.

1999-01-01

77

Going the Distance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixty years ago, distance education probably involved a pen, paper, and secretarial classes conducted via snail mail. Today, students in ever-increasing numbers are more likely to link to the Internet to learn how to conjugate French verbs or dissect frogs in Advanced Placement courses, according to a new landmark study from the U. S. Department…

Barack, Lauren

2005-01-01

78

77 FR 31615 - Improving Mail Management Policies, Procedures, and Activities  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...notice applies to Mail Management Policy performed on or...Policy (MAF), Office of Asset and Transportation Management, General Services Administration...Administrator, Office of Asset and Transportation Management, Office of...

2012-05-29

79

Internetwork Mail Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internetwork Mail Guide, recently updated, documents methods of sending mail from one network to another. It represents the aggregate knowledge of the readers of comp.mail.misc and many contributors from other sources. The Guide explains e-mail sending conventions between different combinations of many different networks. It is provided by Scott Yanoff. Also available is a forms-based service that lets the user enter the "from" and "to" networks and returns the proper addressing to get from one to the other.

Yanoff, Scott.

80

Seasonal associations and atmospheric transport distances of fungi in the genus Fusarium collected with unmanned aerial vehicles and ground-based sampling devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spores of fungi in the genus Fusarium may be transported through the atmosphere over long distances. New information is needed to characterize seasonal trends in atmospheric loads of Fusarium and to pinpoint the source(s) of inoculum at both local (farm) and regional (state or country) scales. We hypothesized that (1) atmospheric concentrations of Fusarium spores in an agricultural ecosystem vary with height and season and (2) transport distances from potential inoculum source(s) vary with season. To test these hypotheses, spores of Fusarium were collected from the atmosphere in an agricultural ecosystem in Blacksburg, VA, USA using a Burkard volumetric sampler (BVS) 1 m above ground level and autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) 100 m above ground level. More than 2200 colony forming units (CFUs) of Fusarium were collected during 104 BVS sampling periods and 180 UAV sampling periods over four calendar years (2009-2012). Spore concentrations ranged from 0 to 13 and 0 to 23 spores m-3 for the BVS and the UAVs, respectively. Spore concentrations were generally higher in the fall, spring, and summer, and lower in the winter. Spore concentrations from the BVS were generally higher than those from the UAVs for both seasonal and hourly collections. A Gaussian plume transport model was used to estimate distances to the potential inoculum source(s) by season, and produced mean transport distances of 1.4 km for the spring, 1.7 km for the summer, 1.2 km for the fall, and 4.1 km for the winter. Environmental signatures that predict atmospheric loads of Fusarium could inform disease spread, air pollution, and climate change.

Lin, Binbin; Ross, Shane D.; Prussin, Aaron J.; Schmale, David G.

2014-09-01

81

Discrimination of membrane transporter protein types using K-nearest neighbor method derived from the similarity distance of total diversity measure.  

PubMed

Membrane transporters play crucial roles in the fundamental cellular processes of living organisms. Computational techniques are very necessary to annotate the transporter functions. In this study, a multi-class K nearest neighbor classifier based on the increment of diversity (KNN-ID) was developed to discriminate the membrane transporter types when the increment of diversity (ID) was introduced as one of the novel similarity distances. Comparisons with multiple recently published methods showed that the proposed KNN-ID method outperformed the other methods, obtaining more than 20% improvement for overall accuracy. The overall prediction accuracy reached was 83.1%, when the K was selected as 2. The prediction sensitivity achieved 76.7%, 89.1%, 80.1% for channels/pores, electrochemical potential-driven transporters, primary active transporters, respectively. Discrimination and comparison between any two different classes of transporters further demonstrated that the proposed method is a potential classifier and will play a complementary role for facilitating the functional assignment of transporters. PMID:25607774

Zuo, Yong-Chun; Su, Wen-Xia; Zhang, Shi-Hua; Wang, Shan-Shan; Wu, Cheng-Yan; Yang, Lei; Li, Guang-Peng

2015-03-17

82

Constructing an Understanding of Electronic Mail: Preservice Teachers Making Connections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes a pilot study to provide an opportunity for preservice teachers enrolled in elementary language arts methods courses at Indiana University South Bend (IUSB) and Southeast Missouri State University (SEMO) to communicate with one another over time and distance through electronic mail (e-mail). Students at both IUSB and SEMO…

Holm, Daniel T.; Quatroche, Diana J.

83

Coding for Electronic Mail  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Scheme for coding facsimile messages promises to reduce data transmission requirements to one-tenth current level. Coding scheme paves way for true electronic mail in which handwritten, typed, or printed messages or diagrams sent virtually instantaneously - between buildings or between continents. Scheme, called Universal System for Efficient Electronic Mail (USEEM), uses unsupervised character recognition and adaptive noiseless coding of text. Image quality of resulting delivered messages improved over messages transmitted by conventional coding. Coding scheme compatible with direct-entry electronic mail as well as facsimile reproduction. Text transmitted in this scheme automatically translated to word-processor form.

Rice, R. F.; Lee, J. J.

1986-01-01

84

WASTE Mailing List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This unmoderated mailing list/newsgroup provides a forum for scientific discussion on the one hand by people who are distressed by the negative effects that waste can have on the natural environment (soil, water, air and the seas) and on the other hand by people involved in collecting, fractioning, conditioning, recycling or dumping wastes. It is intended for the integrated discussion of all waste-related topics. Web-based subscription is available (see above URL). 1.Send an email to majordomo@cedar.at 2.Subject line does not matter 3.Mail text should read: subscribe waste your@email.address example: subscribe waste john.smith@mail.org

85

Expression of Sucrose Transporter cDNAs Specifically in Companion Cells Enhances Phloem Loading and Long-Distance Transport of Sucrose but Leads to an Inhibition of Growth and the Perception of a Phosphate Limitation1[W][OPEN  

PubMed Central

Sucrose (Suc) is the predominant form of carbon transported through the phloem from source to sink organs and is also a prominent sugar for short-distance transport. In all streptophytes analyzed, Suc transporter genes (SUTs or SUCs) form small families, with different subgroups evolving distinct functions. To gain insight into their capacity for moving Suc in planta, representative members of each clade were first expressed specifically in companion cells of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and tested for their ability to rescue the phloem-loading defect caused by the Suc transporter mutation, Atsuc2-4. Sequence similarity was a poor indicator of ability: Several genes with high homology to AtSUC2, some of which have phloem-loading functions in other eudicot species, did not rescue the Atsuc2-4 mutation, whereas a more distantly related gene, ZmSUT1 from the monocot Zea mays, did restore phloem loading. Transporter complementary DNAs were also expressed in the companion cells of wild-type Arabidopsis, with the aim of increasing productivity by enhancing Suc transport to growing sink organs and reducing Suc-mediated feedback inhibition on photosynthesis. Although enhanced Suc loading and long-distance transport was achieved, growth was diminished. This growth inhibition was accompanied by increased expression of phosphate (P) starvation-induced genes and was reversed by providing a higher supply of external P. These experiments suggest that efforts to increase productivity by enhancing sugar transport may disrupt the carbon-to-P homeostasis. A model for how the plant perceives and responds to changes in the carbon-to-P balance is presented. PMID:24777345

Dasgupta, Kasturi; Khadilkar, Aswad S.; Sulpice, Ronan; Pant, Bikram; Scheible, Wolf-Rüdiger; Fisahn, Joachim; Stitt, Mark; Ayre, Brian G.

2014-01-01

86

Collaboration via E-Mail and Internet Relay Chat: Understanding Time and Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how college students working across distances used e-mail and Internet Relay Chat (IRC) to facilitate their collaboration and decision-making processes. Finds that students came to a decision more quickly using e-mail than with IRC, and when IRC was slow, students reverted to a series of rapid-fire e-mail messages. (RS)

Duin, Ann Hill; Archee, Ray

1996-01-01

87

Characterisation and distribution of deposited trace elements transported over long and intermediate distances in north-eastern France using Sphagnum peatlands as a sentinel ecosystem  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Trace elements in the form of particulate matter can be transported downwind from their emission sources and may have negative effects on human health and ecosystems. The transport of trace elements is often studied by monitoring their accumulation in mosses. The aim of this study was to characterise and describe the distribution of deposited trace elements transported over long and intermediate distances in north-eastern France, a location far from the main emission sources. We analysed the trace element accumulation in Sphagnum capillifolium in 54 ombrotrophic peatlands distributed in six regions of France (Alps, Jura, Massif Central, Morvan, Rhône corridor and Vosges). The concentrations of Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Ti, V, and Zn in the surface were determined in three replicate samples of Sphagnum within each peatland. The enrichment factors calculated using Ti as the element of reference clearly exhibited a predominant anthropogenic origin for Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn, although the concentrations were relatively low compared to those found in other studies. The isolation of the peatlands from any fixed and traffic emission source suggests an intermediate and/or long-distance transport of the pollutants from their emission sources. The structure of the compositional dataset was explored using a covariance biplot. The first score was used as a synthetic indicator of the origin of the deposits and the degree of contamination of each peatland. This new index showed that the Vosges and the Alps were the regions most affected by high enrichment of trace elements, particularly Pb and Cd. The erosion of soils highly contaminated by former mining and smelting activities in the Vosges and the polluted cities and busy highways in the Alps may account for these distributions. The Jura was the least affected region sampled, and the other regions presented intermediate anthropogenic deposits. This study provides valuable information concerning the management and protection of these ecosystems.

Meyer, Caroline; Diaz-de-Quijano, Maria; Monna, Fabrice; Franchi, Marielle; Toussaint, Marie-Laure; Gilbert, Daniel; Bernard, Nadine

2015-01-01

88

Long-distance relay transportation of a patient with twin-twin transfusion syndrome requiring early delivery by Doctor-Helicopters.  

PubMed

In Japan, there has recently been a severe shortage of physicians in regional core hospitals, limiting the acceptance of emergency patients. Searching for available medical institutions over an extended area beyond the regular regional medical area should increase the possibility of finding medical institutions capable of accepting patients. Physician staffed helicopter ambulance system, so called the Doctor-Helicopter service is highly effective in saving patients life, since emergency doctors start to treat patients at the scene. It may be also useful to transport the critically ill patients for a long distance. A 29 year old female diagnosed twin fetus with twin-twin transfusion syndrome needs urgent delivery at about 29 weeks of gestation. The patients had to be transported to the perinatal care center which is 160 km from the hospital to where the patient was admitted because of a lack of NICU. During transportation, the maternal vital signs were stable without cervical dilatation. After arrived at the perinatal center, the patient underwent Caesarian section. Both babies had respiratory distress syndrome and admitted to NICU. With increasing cases in which medical institutions cannot accept peripartum emergency patients, it needs to search for medical institutions over an extended area and transport patients by Doctor-Helicopter. PMID:21319039

Nakagawa, Yoshihide; Inokuchi, Sadaki; Morita, Seiji; Ohtsuka, Hiroyuki; Akieda, Kazuki; Mochizuki, Junko; Okada, Kunihiko

2010-09-01

89

76 FR 16460 - Mail Classification Change for Priority Mail Flat Mail  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Forever postage on Priority Mail Flat Rate packaging . This notice addresses procedural steps...Forever postage on Priority Mail Flat Rate packaging within the Priority Mail product. The...Forever postage on Priority Mail Flat Rate packaging proposal will allow the Postal...

2011-03-23

90

Optical refractive synchronization: bidirectional information transport over a single wavelength/single laser for distances > 100 Km: analysis and measurement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The direction of this paper is to describe the experiments and analytical techniques used by SilkRoad, Inc. for sending 40 GHz of bandwidth, incorporating an eclectic body of data, over a single laser - single fiber over > 100Km of optical fiber using the same wavelength in both directions. The paper will outline the various basic tenets of Optical Refractive Synchronization and the subsequent use of Ellipsometric Phase, based on these tenets, that allows a compilation of CATV, voice, video and SONET data to be transported in both directions without interference between the otpical signals going in both directions over the single fiber. The second portion of the paper will describe the test setup and measurement techniques that were used to validate the analytical models. Pictures of the Spectrum Analyzer data and the subsequent recovery of the eclectic information is then provided for all of the signals that have been transported.

Palmer, James R.

1999-11-01

91

Curriculum Vitae Mailing address  

E-print Network

Curriculum Vitae Jack Xin Mailing address: Department of Mathematics UC Irvine Irvine, CA 92697: 6/07­5/09 Vice-Chair for Undergraduate Studies, Math Department, UC Irvine. 9/09­8/14 Director of iCAMP (Interdisciplinary Computational and Applied Mathematics Program), UC Irvine. Editor-in-Chief: 1/14­present SIAM

Xin, Jack

92

Mailing List Sign Up  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We encourage you to become a member of our mailing list, SCIENECASE-LIST, which we use as a way of announcing newly published cases on our web site; upcoming workshops (ours and others); and new publications related to the case method. Our list averages one to two messages every four to five weeks.

2010-01-01

93

DIPLOMA MAILING REQUEST NAME _________________________________________________  

E-print Network

OR 1-13 DIPLOMA MAILING REQUEST PRINT NAME _________________________________________________ FIRST MIDDLE LAST The name on your diploma will be your name in our records as of your last quarter _______________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ A signature will be required upon delivery. Diplomas for current graduates will be available approximately 8

Mullins, Dyche

94

Arabidopsis PCR2 Is a Zinc Exporter Involved in Both Zinc Extrusion and Long-Distance Zinc Transport[W  

PubMed Central

Plants strictly regulate the uptake and distribution of Zn, which is essential for plant growth and development. Here, we show that Arabidopsis thaliana PCR2 is essential for Zn redistribution and Zn detoxification. The pcr2 loss-of-function mutant was compromised in growth, both in Zn-excessive and -deficient conditions. The roots of pcr2 accumulated more Zn than did control plants, whereas the roots of plants overexpressing PCR2 contained less Zn, indicating that PCR2 removes Zn from the roots. Consistent with a role for PCR2 as a Zn-efflux transporter, PCR2 reduced the intracellular concentration of Zn when expressed in yeast cells. PCR2 is located mainly in epidermal cells and in the xylem of young roots, while it is expressed in epidermal cells in fully developed roots. Zn accumulated in the epidermis of the roots of pcr2 grown under Zn-limiting conditions, whereas it was found in the stele of wild-type roots. The transport pathway mediated by PCR2 does not seem to overlap with that mediated by the described Zn translocators (HMA2 and HMA4) since the growth of pcr2 hma4 double and pcr2 hma2 hma4 triple loss-of-function mutants was more severely inhibited than the individual single knockout mutants, both under conditions of excess or deficient Zn. We propose that PCR2 functions as a Zn transporter essential for maintaining an optimal Zn level in Arabidopsis. PMID:20647347

Song, Won-Yong; Choi, Kwan Sam; Kim, Do Young; Geisler, Markus; Park, Jiyoung; Vincenzetti, Vincent; Schellenberg, Maja; Kim, Sun Ha; Lim, Yong Pyo; Noh, Eun Woon; Lee, Youngsook; Martinoia, Enrico

2010-01-01

95

CSU Mail Production Center 6011 Campus Delivery  

E-print Network

CSU Mail Production Center 6011 Campus Delivery Phone: 970-491-6142 Fax: 970-491-5012 E-mail: mail Mailings, Please Send Sample to Mail Production @ 6011 Campus Delivery Date Materials to Arrive Consider

96

76 FR 4820 - New Mailing Standards for Domestic Mailing Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...prices are available for customers presenting mailings of...who: a. Establish a customer commitment agreement with the Postal Service to mail more than 5000...in a calendar year. Customers may contact their account...

2011-01-27

97

A mobile signal transported over a long distance induces systemic transcriptional gene silencing in a grafted partner  

PubMed Central

Transcriptional gene silencing (TGS) can be induced by promoter-targeted small interfering RNA (siRNA). Long-distance transmission of TGS by viral infection in plants has been reported. However, systemic TGS has not been observed in the case of using an inverted repeat transgene as the silencing trigger. Here it is reported that a mobile signal, presumably the siRNA, produced from a hairpin structure transgene controlled by a companion cell-specific promoter can also induce transmissible TGS in both a modified agroinfiltration and a grafting system. Although the transmissible TGS occurred only in cells located in the vicinity of a leaf vein in the scion, very strong silencing was observed in the root system, especially the lateral roots, including the root apical meristem. The transmissible TGS was maintained through tissue culture and subsequently inherited by the progeny. The results suggest the potential application of mobile promoter-targeting siRNA in horticulture for improvement of plant cultivars by grafting. PMID:21652532

Bai, Songling; Kasai, Atsushi; Yamada, Kaori; Harada, Takeo

2011-01-01

98

Mail Order Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Food Handling / Mail Order Food Safety Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

99

Why electronic mail is inherently private  

SciTech Connect

Electronic Mail originated in Large-Area Networks and computer Bulletin Board Systems. On LAN`s in offices, it served the purpose of replacing office memos to make work more efficient. On BBS`s, it became a personal way of sending notes back and forth between acquaintances and frields. From the beginning e-mail was private. The Arpanet formed as a way for researchers to discuss their work over long-distances. The Arpanet, solely in existence as a government venture to assist in furthering of research, enjoyed a certain secrecy for a while. Once the Internt formed, the system allowed others inside as it no longer existed merely for the government. Much of the work on the Arpanet/Internet was necessarily private due to its nature. This made it even more important for e-mail to be private. Today the Internet includes not only what was the Arpanet (NSFNet), but companies and several BBS`s as well. Privacy is mor eimportant today than ever and should not even be an option on e-mail systems. It should be considered inherent in all systems.

Granger, S. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

1994-12-31

100

Long-distance transport of mRNA via parenchyma cells and phloem across the host-parasite junction in Cuscuta.  

PubMed

It has been shown that the parasitic plant dodder (Cuscuta pentagona) establishes a continuous vascular system through which water and nutrients are drawn. Along with solutes, viruses and proteins, mRNA transcripts are transported from the host to the parasite. The path of the transcripts and their stability in the parasite have yet to be revealed. To discover the route of mRNA transportation, the in situ reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique was used to locally amplify host transcript within parasitic tissue. The stability of host mRNA molecules was also checked by monitoring specific transcripts along the growing dodder thread. Four mRNAs, alpha and beta subunits of PYROPHOSPHATE (PPi)-DEPENDENT PHOSPHOFRUCTOKINASE (LePFP), the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCO), and GIBBERELLIC ACID INSENSITIVE (LeGAI), were found to move from host (tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)) to dodder. LePFP mRNA was localized to the dodder parenchyma cells and to the phloem. LePFP transcripts were found in the growing dodder stem up to 30 cm from the tomato-dodder connection. These results suggest that mRNA molecules are transferred from host to parasite via symplastic connections between parenchyma cells, move towards the phloem, and are stable for a long distance in the parasite. This may allow developmental coordination between the parasite and its host. PMID:18631294

David-Schwartz, Rakefet; Runo, Steven; Townsley, Brad; Machuka, Jesse; Sinha, Neelima

2008-01-01

101

Long-distance magma transport from arc volcanoes inferred from the submarine eruptive fissures offshore Izu-Oshima volcano, Izu-Bonin arc  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Long-distance lateral magma transport away from volcanic centers in island arcs is emerging as a common phenomenon where the regional stress regime is favorable. It should also be recognized as an important factor in the construction and growth of island arcs, and a potential trigger for devastating eruptions. In this contribution, we report on recent investigations into the magma dynamics of Izu-Oshima volcano, an active basaltic volcano with an extensive fissure system. Izu-Oshima is flanked by numerous, subparallel NW-SE trending submarine ridges extending up to 22 km to the NW and the SE from the central vent. During a recent submersible survey we have identified that these ridges are fissures which erupted basaltic spatter and lava flows. Furthermore, lavas are petrographically similar along each ridge, while there are noticeable differences between ridges. The subparallel ridges are observed to transect a series of seamounts - the Izu-Tobu monogenetic volcanoes - which are dispersed across this area of the rear-arc. However, there are consistent petrographic and chemical differences between these seamounts and the ridges, indicating that they have different magma sources, yet, they are essentially bounding each other in dive tracks. The most appropriate scenario for their development is one where the Izu-Tobu Volcanoes are fed by an "in-situ" underlying source, while the NW-SE ridges are fed by lateral magma transport from Izu-Oshima. Magma erupted from each ridge is of a consistent geochemistry along its length, but has experienced crystal fractionation and some plagioclase accumulation. Compositions of the ridges are also very similar to lavas from the subaerial cones that can be traced down the flanks of Izu-Oshima. This implies that pairs of subaerial cones and submarine ridges represent the locus of magma transport events away from the storage system beneath Izu-Oshima. Hence, magma from this crustal reservoir moved upward to feed the on-edifice cones, as well as laterally to supply submarine fissures and dykes to a distance of 22 km.

Ishizuka, Osamu; Geshi, Nobuo; Kawanabe, Yoshihisa; Ogitsu, Itaru; Taylor, Rex N.; Tuzino, Taqumi; Sakamoto, Izumi; Arai, Kohsaku; Nakano, Shun

2014-09-01

102

Mail Services Gretchen Bolar  

E-print Network

& Business Operations Mike Lane Chief of Police Russ Lewis Director Materiel Management Marilyn Voce Programs Mike Miller Associate Vice Chancellor Physical Plant & Transportation Campus Purchasing Equipment

103

Identification of high levels of phytochelatins, glutathione and cadmium in the phloem sap of Brassica napus. A role for thiol-peptides in the long-distance transport of cadmium and the effect of cadmium on iron translocation  

PubMed Central

Summary Phytochelatins (PCs) are glutathione-derived peptides that function in heavy metal detoxification in plants and certain fungi. Recent research in Arabidopsis has shown that PCs undergo long-distance transport between roots and shoots. However, it remains unknown which tissues or vascular systems, xylem or phloem, mediate PC translocation and whether PC transport contributes to physiologically relevant long-distance transport of cadmium (Cd) between shoots and roots. To address these questions, xylem and phloem sap were obtained from Brassica napus to quantitatively analyze which thiol species are present in response to Cd exposure. High levels of PCs were identified in the phloem sap within 24 h of Cd exposure using combined mass spectrometry and fluorescence HPLC analyses. Unexpectedly, the concentration of Cd was more than four-fold higher in phloem sap compared to xylem sap. Cadmium exposure dramatically decreased iron levels in xylem and phloem sap whereas other essential heavy metals such as zinc and manganese remained unchanged. Data suggest that Cd inhibits vascular loading of iron but not nicotianamine. The high ratios [PCs]/[Cd] and [glutathione]/[Cd] in the phloem sap suggest that PCs and glutathione (GSH) can function as long-distance carriers of Cd. In contrast, only traces of PCs were detected in xylem sap. Our results suggest that, in addition to directional xylem Cd transport, the phloem is a major vascular system for long-distance source to sink transport of Cd as PC–Cd and glutathione–Cd complexes. PMID:18208526

Mendoza-Cózatl, David G.; Butko, Emerald; Springer, Franziska; Torpey, Justin W.; Komives, Elizabeth A.; Kehr, Julia; Schroeder, Julian I.

2010-01-01

104

Distance Menu  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This tutorial provides students with experience using three types of distance scales on regional maps of North America. An introduction shows how to make use of the bar scale, the statement of equivalence, and the representative fraction (ratio) to determine distance between two locations. Printable instructions and two sets of interactive exercises are provided.

David J. Leveson

2011-01-01

105

The C-terminus of Wheat streak mosaic virus coat protein is involved in differential infection of wheat and maize through host-specific long-distance transport.  

PubMed

Viral determinants and mechanisms involved in extension of host range of monocot-infecting viruses are poorly understood. Viral coat proteins (CP) serve many functions in almost every aspect of the virus life cycle. The role of the C-terminal region of Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV) CP in virus biology was examined by mutating six negatively charged aspartic acid residues at positions 216, 289, 290, 326, 333, and 334. All of these amino acid residues are dispensable for virion assembly, and aspartic acid residues at positions 216, 333, and 334 are expendable for normal infection of wheat and maize. However, mutants D289N, D289A, D290A, DD289/290NA, and D326A exhibited slow cell-to-cell movement in wheat, which resulted in delayed onset of systemic infection, followed by a rapid recovery of genomic RNA accumulation and symptom development. Mutants D289N, D289A, and D326A inefficiently infected maize, eliciting milder symptoms, while D290A and DD289/290NA failed to infect systemically, suggesting that the C-terminus of CP is involved in differential infection of wheat and maize. Mutation of aspartic acid residues at amino acid positions 289, 290, and 326 severely debilitated virus ingress into the vascular system of maize but not wheat, suggesting that these amino acids facilitate expansion of WSMV host range through host-specific long-distance transport. PMID:24111920

Tatineni, Satyanarayana; French, Roy

2014-02-01

106

Long-distance fluid and heat transport in the oceanic crust entering the Nankai subduction zone, NanTroSEIZE transect  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I examine the potential causes of anomalous seafloor heat flux on the oceanic plate in the Nankai Trough Seismogenic Zone Experiment (NanTroSEIZE) transect offshore southern Japan. The most prominent anomaly is a ˜50 mW m change in heat flux between Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Sites C0011 and C0012 over a distance of <10 km. I develop thermal models to investigate the effects of hydrothermal circulation in the basaltic basement of the oceanic crust and variations in heat input from the mantle. The <10 km wide transition in surface heat flux reflects a process in the shallow subsurface; variations in heat input from ?5 km depth would generate a >30 km wide transition at the seafloor. The observed surface heat flux pattern is indicative of hydrothermal circulation in the basement aquifer and advection of heat from the subducted crust into the aquifer on the incoming plate. For a 600 m thick aquifer, the permeability is likely ?7×10-11 m, and hydrothermal circulation transports at least 300 times more heat than conduction alone. The heat flux from the subduction zone seaward to the incoming plate is consistent with hydrothermal circulation in the subducting crust persisting to ˜100 km landward of the deformation front. Vigorous fluid circulation in the basaltic basement is consistent with both the seafloor thermal anomalies and geochemical anomalies near the sediment-basement interface.

Spinelli, Glenn A.

2014-03-01

107

Duke Electronic Mail Post Office A Practical Mail Linking System*  

PubMed Central

This paper describes a system designed to integrate the many different electronic mail systems in use throughout Duke University. The Duke Electronic Mail Post Office project is part of Duke University Medical Center's model for Achieving an Integrated Academic Information Management System (IAIMS). Main features of the systems, problems encountered during implementation, and future directions are presented and discussed.

Dryfoos, James D.; Hammond, William E.; Spero, Laurence A.; Rabold, Jean S.; Straube, Mark J.; Stead, William W.

1988-01-01

108

The N-Terminal Region of Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus Coat Protein Is a Host- and Strain-Specific Long-Distance Transport Factor?  

PubMed Central

Understanding the genetics underlying host range differences among plant virus strains can provide valuable insights into viral gene functions and virus-host interactions. In this study, we examined viral determinants and mechanisms of differential infection of Zea mays inbred line SDp2 by Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV) isolates. WSMV isolates Sidney 81 (WSMV-S81) and Type (WSMV-T) share 98.7% polyprotein sequence identity but differentially infect SDp2: WSMV-S81 induces a systemic infection, but WSMV-T does not. Coinoculation and sequential inoculation of SDp2 with WSMV-T and/or WSMV-S81 did not affect systemic infection by WSMV-S81, suggesting that WSMV-T does not induce a restrictive defense response but that virus-encoded proteins may be involved in differential infection of SDp2. The viral determinant responsible for strain-specific host range was mapped to the N terminus of coat protein (CP) by systematic exchanges of WSMV-S81 sequences with those of WSMV-T and by reciprocal exchanges of CP or CP codons 1 to 74. Green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged WSMV-S81 with CP or CP residues 1 to 74 from WSMV-T produced similar numbers of infection foci and genomic RNAs and formed virions in inoculated leaves as those produced with WSMV-S81, indicating that failure to infect SDp2 systemically is not due to defects in replication, cell-to-cell movement, or virion assembly. However, these GFP-tagged hybrids showed profound defects in long-distance transport of virus through the phloem. Furthermore, we found that four of the five differing amino acids in the N terminus of CP between the WSMV-S81 and WSMV-T isolates were collectively involved in systemic infection of SDp2. Taken together, these results demonstrate that the N-terminal region of tritimoviral CP functions in host- and strain-specific long-distance movement. PMID:21147925

Tatineni, Satyanarayana; Van Winkle, David H.; French, Roy

2011-01-01

109

76 FR 7114 - International Mail: Mailing Services Price Change  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...First-Class Mail International[reg] is approximately...categories: Canada and Mexico, and all other countries...Previously, Canada and Mexico were priced separately...CFR Part 20 Foreign relations, International postal...

2011-02-09

110

Privacy-enhanced electronic mail  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The security of electronic mail sent through the Internet may be described in exactly three words: there is none. The Privacy and Security Research Group has recommended implementing mechanisms designed to provide security enhancements. The first set of mechanisms provides a protocol to provide privacy, integrity, and authentication for electronic mail; the second provides a certificate-based key management infrastructure to support key distribution throughout the internet, to support the first set of mechanisms. These mechanisms are described, as well as the reasons behind their selection and how these mechanisms can be used to provide some measure of security in the exchange of electronic mail.

Bishop, Matt

1990-06-01

111

Distance Wizard  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive, online activity, students estimate the distances of objects in the Hubble Deep Field from Earth using the relationship between size, brightness, and distance. Students can complete this activity independently or in small groups. Detailed teacher pages, identified as Teaching Tips on the activity title page, provide science background information, lesson plan ideas, related resources, and alignment with national education standards. This activity is part of the online exploration "The Hubble Deep Field Academy" that is available on the Amazing Space website.

112

47 CFR 97.23 - Mailing address.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES AMATEUR RADIO SERVICE General Provisions § 97.23 Mailing address...mailing address. The mailing address must be in an area where the amateur service is regulated by the FCC and where the...

2012-10-01

113

47 CFR 97.23 - Mailing address.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES AMATEUR RADIO SERVICE General Provisions § 97.23 Mailing address...mailing address. The mailing address must be in an area where the amateur service is regulated by the FCC and where the...

2010-10-01

114

47 CFR 97.23 - Mailing address.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES AMATEUR RADIO SERVICE General Provisions § 97.23 Mailing address...mailing address. The mailing address must be in an area where the amateur service is regulated by the FCC and where the...

2011-10-01

115

47 CFR 97.23 - Mailing address.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES AMATEUR RADIO SERVICE General Provisions § 97.23 Mailing address...mailing address. The mailing address must be in an area where the amateur service is regulated by the FCC and where the...

2013-10-01

116

7 CFR 352.11 - Mail.  

...QUARANTINE SAFEGUARD REGULATIONS § 352.11 Mail. (a) Transit mail. (1) Plants, plant products, plant pests, noxious weeds, and soil which arrive in the United States in closed dispatches by international mail or international parcel post...

2014-01-01

117

The relative abundance of viable spores of Gibberella zeae in the planetary boundary layer suggests the role of long-distance transport in regional epidemics of Fusarium head blight  

Microsoft Academic Search

The long-distance transport of plant pathogens takes place primarily in the planetary boundary layer (PBL) of the atmosphere. The PBL extends from about 50m to nearly 1km above the surface of the earth. We used remote-piloted vehicles (RPVs) to measure the relative abundance of viable spores of Gibberella zeae (anamorph Fusarium graminearum), causal agent of Fusarium head blight of wheat,

Sandra Lee Maldonado-Ramirez; David G. Schmale; Elson J. Shields; Gary C. Bergstrom

2005-01-01

118

Securing electronic mail: The risks and future of electronic mail  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The network explosion of the past decade has significantly affected how many of us conduct our day to day work. We increasingly rely on network services such as electronic mail, file transfer, and network newsgroups to collect and distribute information. Unfortunately, few of the network services in use today were designed with the security issues of large heterogeneous networks in mind. In particular, electronic mail, although heavily relied upon, is notoriously insecure. Messages can be forged, snooped, and even altered by users with only a moderate level of system proficiency. The level of trust that can be assigned at present to these services needs to be carefully considered. In the past few years, standards and tools have begun to appear addressing the security concerns of electronic mail. Principal among these are RFC's 1421, 1422, 1423, and 1424, which propose Internet standards in the areas of message encipherment, key management, and algorithms for privacy enhanced mail (PEM). Additionally, three PEM systems, offering varying levels of compliance with the PEM RFC's, have also recently emerged: PGP, RIPEM, and TIS/PEM. This paper addresses the motivations and requirements for more secure electronic mail, and evaluates the suitability of the currently available PEM systems.

Weeber, S. A.

1993-03-01

119

49 CFR 830.10 - Preservation of aircraft wreckage, mail, cargo, and records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Preservation of aircraft wreckage, mail, cargo, and records...Continued) NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD NOTIFICATION AND REPORTING OF AIRCRAFT ACCIDENTS OR INCIDENTS AND OVERDUE AIRCRAFT, AND PRESERVATION OF...

2012-10-01

120

49 CFR 830.10 - Preservation of aircraft wreckage, mail, cargo, and records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Preservation of aircraft wreckage, mail, cargo, and records...Continued) NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD NOTIFICATION AND REPORTING OF AIRCRAFT ACCIDENTS OR INCIDENTS AND OVERDUE AIRCRAFT, AND PRESERVATION OF...

2010-10-01

121

49 CFR 830.10 - Preservation of aircraft wreckage, mail, cargo, and records.  

...2014-10-01 false Preservation of aircraft wreckage, mail, cargo, and records...Continued) NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD NOTIFICATION AND REPORTING OF AIRCRAFT ACCIDENTS OR INCIDENTS AND OVERDUE AIRCRAFT, AND PRESERVATION OF...

2014-10-01

122

49 CFR 830.10 - Preservation of aircraft wreckage, mail, cargo, and records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Preservation of aircraft wreckage, mail, cargo, and records...Continued) NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD NOTIFICATION AND REPORTING OF AIRCRAFT ACCIDENTS OR INCIDENTS AND OVERDUE AIRCRAFT, AND PRESERVATION OF...

2013-10-01

123

49 CFR 830.10 - Preservation of aircraft wreckage, mail, cargo, and records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Preservation of aircraft wreckage, mail, cargo, and records...Continued) NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD NOTIFICATION AND REPORTING OF AIRCRAFT ACCIDENTS OR INCIDENTS AND OVERDUE AIRCRAFT, AND PRESERVATION OF...

2011-10-01

124

Campus Mail Services Delivery of U.S. and Campus Mail  

E-print Network

for better DEPARTMENT address.. All deliveries will be made to a central location in a building. CarriersCampus Mail Services Delivery of U.S. and Campus Mail Campus Mail Services delivers incoming U or parcels to other locations. Campus Mail Services cannot be used to distribute non-U.S. Mail of promotional

Vonessen, Nikolaus

125

You've Got Mail!: Understanding How E-Mail Works  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conceptually, e-mail is not a whole lot different from regular postal mail ("snail mail"), except that it is much faster. E-mail requires three things: (1) a personal computer; (2) a telephone or communication line; and (3) an Internet provider (e-mail service account). This article provides details on how it works--plus some research activities…

Roman, Harry T.

2007-01-01

126

Prussin et. al. 1 Agricultural and Forest Meteorology Experimental Validation of a Long-Distance Transport Model for Plant Pathogens:1  

E-print Network

Prussin et. al. 1 Agricultural and Forest Meteorology Experimental Validation of a Long to view linked References #12;Prussin et. al. 2 Agricultural and Forest Meteorology Fusarium graminearum Agricultural and Forest Meteorology Keywords: Atmospheric transport, Plant Pathogenic Fungi, Fusarium head

Ross, Shane

127

Prussin et. al. 1 Agricultural and Forest Meteorology Experimental Validation of a Long-Distance Transport Model for Plant Pathogens:1  

E-print Network

Prussin et. al. 1 Agricultural and Forest Meteorology Experimental Validation of a Long 18 19 20 21 22 23 #12;Prussin et. al. 2 Agricultural and Forest Meteorology Meteorology Keywords: Atmospheric transport, Plant Pathogenic Fungi, Fusarium head blight, Gaussian47

Ross, Shane

128

77 FR 64775 - New Mailing Standards for Domestic Mailing Services Products  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and has an accurate delivery point Intelligent Mail barcode (IMb) encoded with the...6.1.3 Full-Service Intelligent Mail Eligibility Standards In addition...flats eligible for the full-service Intelligent Mail option must: * * * * *...

2012-10-23

129

76 FR 37655 - Combined Mailings of Standard Mail and Periodicals Flats  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Periodicals to meet the standards for the full-service Intelligent Mail[supreg] barcode (IMb TM ) option. These commenters...Mail and Periodicals flats bear an accurate delivery point Intelligent Mail or POSTNET TM barcode that includes a fully...

2011-06-28

130

78 FR 63915 - New Mailing Standards for Domestic Mailing Services Products  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...required to bear a pallet placard with an Intelligent Mail container barcode. Mailers without...by automated postal equipment and an Intelligent Mail package barcode (IMpb) prepared...COD service). b. Mailpieces bear an Intelligent Mail package barcode meeting the...

2013-10-25

131

77 FR 75362 - New Mailing Standards for Domestic Mailing Services Products  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...price for nonpresorted letters with Intelligent Mail barcodes and CASS-certified addresses...and has an accurate delivery point Intelligent Mail barcode (IMb) encoded with the...6.1.3 Full-Service Intelligent Mail Eligibility Standards In...

2012-12-20

132

Long-distance axonal transport of AAV9 is driven by dynein and kinesin-2 and is trafficked in a highly motile Rab7-positive compartment.  

PubMed

Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors can move along axonal pathways after brain injection, resulting in transduction of distal brain regions. This can enhance the spread of therapeutic gene transfer and improve treatment of neurogenetic disorders that require global correction. To better understand the underlying cellular mechanisms that drive AAV trafficking in neurons, we investigated the axonal transport of dye-conjugated AAV9, utilizing microfluidic primary neuron cultures that isolate cell bodies from axon termini and permit independent analysis of retrograde and anterograde axonal transport. After entry, AAV was trafficked into nonmotile early and recycling endosomes, exocytic vesicles, and a retrograde-directed late endosome/lysosome compartment. Rab7-positive late endosomes/lysosomes that contained AAV were highly motile, exhibiting faster retrograde velocities and less pausing than Rab7-positive endosomes without virus. Inhibitor experiments indicated that the retrograde transport of AAV within these endosomes is driven by cytoplasmic dynein and requires Rab7 function, whereas anterograde transport of AAV is driven by kinesin-2 and exhibits unusually rapid velocities. Furthermore, increasing AAV9 uptake by neuraminidase treatment significantly enhanced virus transport in both directions. These findings provide novel insights into AAV trafficking within neurons, which should enhance progress toward the utilization of AAV for improved distribution of transgene delivery within the brain. PMID:24100640

Castle, Michael J; Perlson, Eran; Holzbaur, Erika Lf; Wolfe, John H

2014-03-01

133

How Combined Trip Purposes Are Associated with Transport Choice for Short Distance Trips. Results from a Cross-Sectional Study in the Netherlands  

PubMed Central

Background One way to increase physical activity is to stimulate a shift from car use to walking or cycling. In single-purpose trips, purpose was found to be an important predictor of transport choice. However, as far as known, no studies have been conducted to see how trips with combined purposes affect this decision. This study was designed to provide insight into associations between combined purposes and transport choice. Methods An online questionnaire (N?=?3,663) was used to collect data concerning transport choice for four primary purposes: shopping, going to public natural spaces, sports, and commuting. Per combination of primary trip purpose and transport choice, participants were asked to give examples of secondary purposes that they combine with the primary purpose. Logistic regression analyses were used to model the odds of both cycling and walking versus car use. Results Primary trip purposes combined with commuting, shopping, visiting private contacts or medical care were more likely to be made by car than by cycling or walking. Combinations with visiting catering facilities, trips to social infrastructure facilities, recreational outings, trips to facilities for the provision of daily requirements or private contacts during the trip were more likely to be made by walking and/or cycling than by car. Conclusion Combined trip purposes were found to be associated with transport choice. When stimulating active transport focus should be on the combined-trip purposes which were more likely to be made by car, namely trips combined with commuting, other shopping, visiting private contacts or medical care. PMID:25474653

Scheepers, Eline; Slinger, Minke; Wendel-Vos, Wanda; Schuit, Jantine

2014-01-01

134

PDF-Basics Mailing List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by PDFzone, a .pdf resource and news site, this new mailing list is designed as a "101 level" list, aimed to "address the needs of relative newcomers to Adobe Acrobat software and .pdf files." Discussion will be geared towards inexperienced users, and beginners may safely post more elementary questions than they might on other .pdf-centric lists. A digest version is available, and a searchable Web archive is planned for the future.

135

39 CFR 233.3 - Mail covers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...authority and procedure for initiating a mail cover, and for processing, using and disclosing information obtained from mail covers...transcription, photograph, photocopy or any other facsimile of the image of the outside cover, envelope, wrapper, or contents...

2011-07-01

136

39 CFR 233.3 - Mail covers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...authority and procedure for initiating a mail cover, and for processing, using and disclosing information obtained from mail covers...transcription, photograph, photocopy or any other facsimile of the image of the outside cover, envelope, wrapper, or contents...

2012-07-01

137

Design Packing to Safely Mail Raw Spaghetti  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use their creative skills to determine a way to safely mail raw (dry, uncooked) spaghetti using only the provided materials. To test the packing designs, the spaghetti is mailed through the postal system and evaluated after delivery.

Center For Engineering Educational Outreach

138

32 CFR 516.7 - Mailing addresses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION General § 516.7 Mailing addresses. Mailing addresses for organizations referenced in this...

2010-07-01

139

32 CFR 516.7 - Mailing addresses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION General § 516.7 Mailing addresses. Mailing addresses for organizations referenced in this...

2011-07-01

140

Internal transport of seeds by migratory waders in the Odiel marshes, south-west Spain: consequences for long-distance dispersal  

E-print Network

seeds by waders. Viable seeds of Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum (Aizoaceae), Sonchus oleraceus (Asteraceae pellets were more likely to germinate. More S. oleraceus seeds were transported per redshank pellet. oleraceus are introduced weeds in the Americas and Australasia, and dispersal by birds may contribute

Green, Andy J.

141

O How Wondrous Is E-Mail!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the use of e-mail for communication and collaborative projects in schools. Discusses the effectiveness of an e-mail system based on a UNIX host; problems with POP (post office protocol) client programs; and the new Internet Mail Access Protocol (IMAP) which addresses most of the shortcomings of the POP protocol while keeping advantages…

Buchanan, Larry

1998-01-01

142

Senior Citizens Who Use E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increases in the aging population and use of computer-related technology have spawned research regarding older adults' use of the Internet. This study examined characteristics differentiating rural Midwestern senior citizens (N = 298) who use e-mail from those who do not. Compared to those who did not use e-mail, e-mail-using seniors were younger…

Stark-Wroblewski, Kimberly; Edelbaum, Jessica K.; Ryan, Joseph J.

2007-01-01

143

UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI MAIL LOCATION DELIVERY POINT  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI MAIL LOCATION DELIVERY POINT REQUEST FORM Instructions: · Use a separate Location and Delivery Point that you wish to change or delete. If you are adding a new delivery point only enter your current Mail Location without a current delivery point: Current Mail Location/ Del. Pt

Papautsky, Ian

144

INTERNET-BASED DISTANCE LEARNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distance learning utilizing the Internet as a transport structure to deliver instructions has been a popular issue in recent years. Education institutions, business circles and government agencies as well are welcoming the Internet era with active efforts to find ways of conducting education, training, and business electronically and cost-effectively. In this chapter, instead of a general introduction to the topic

Sam Hsu; Nalin Sharda; Oge Marques

145

Analysis of Tryptophan Residues in the Staphylococcal Multidrug Transporter QacA Reveals Long-Distance Functional Associations of Residues on Opposite Sides of the Membrane?  

PubMed Central

Tryptophan residues can possess a multitude of functions within a multidrug transport protein, e.g., mediating interactions with substrates or distal parts of the protein, or fulfilling a structural requirement, such as guiding the depth of membrane insertion. In this study, the nine tryptophan residues of the staphylococcal QacA multidrug efflux protein were individually mutated to alanine and phenylalanine, and the functional consequences of these changes were determined. Phenylalanine substitutions for each tryptophan residue were functionally tolerated. However, alanine modifications revealed an important functional role for three tryptophan residues, W58, W149, and W173, each of which is well conserved among QacA-related transport proteins in the major facilitator superfamily. The most functionally compromising mutation, an alanine substitution for W58, likely to be located at the extracellular interface of transmembrane segment 2, abolished all detectable QacA-mediated resistance and transport function. Second-site suppressor analyses identified several mutations that rescued the function of the W58A QacA mutant. Remarkably, all of these suppressor mutations were shown to be located in cytoplasmic loops between transmembrane helices 2 and 3 or 12 and 13, demonstrating novel functional associations between amino acid positions on opposite sides of the membrane and in distal N- and C-terminal regions of the QacA protein. PMID:18223078

Hassan, Karl A.; Souhani, Talal; Skurray, Ronald A.; Brown, Melissa H.

2008-01-01

146

Trap E-mail Address for Combating E-mail Viruses Boldizsar Bencsath Istvan Vajda  

E-print Network

Trap E-mail Address for Combating E-mail Viruses Boldizs´ar Bencs´ath Istv´an Vajda Laboratory dangerous viruses propagate via the Internet email systems. We propose a new solu- tion to accelerate the identification of infected computers after an attack by e-mail viruses. Our approach uses trap e-mail addresses

Bencsáth, Boldizsár

147

76 FR 16534 - Combined Mailings of Standard Mail and Periodicals Flats  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...have provided a new option for mailers to combine mailings of Standard Mail [reg] flats...bundle, when placed on pallets, and to combine bundles of Standard Mail flats and bundles...Service provided a new option for mailers to combine Standard Mail flats and Periodicals...

2011-03-24

148

Transportation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A unit designed to increase students' knowledge and understanding of diesel and gasoline engines, providing an introduction for students interested in more specialized training in the automobile field and its scientific principles through math, science, and chemistry. It will also help students realize the importance of transportation, and will help them meet their needs in math through problem solving by dealing with materials in their world, letting them develop skills and techniques through hands-on experience. Includes more than 20 problems to solve.

Bryant, Joyce

2007-05-12

149

A study of the relationship between distance transported to school and attendance, grades, and participation in extra-curricular activities of Burleson County, Texas high school students, 1952  

E-print Network

. Coaparisons ind. ioated Chat students who 112 not oomnute aade better grades than lid oonauting stuiients of sillier asntal oapaoity. The farther a ohild. 8lanohard s 8. K. i "booial Aooepcanos . 'study of Transported and Non-tran~; orCed. Pupils in a... reveals Chat the average nuabsr of days Chat txanspox te4 students are ab?ent frocs sohoo), inoxsssss oonsistsntly with Che 41st?use trav- el?4. That is, Che farChex a oh1M rides a aohool bus 4aily, the le?S frequently he attended SehOOl. Thie 1S tree...

Edwards, Robert Jim

2012-06-07

150

A Simple and Inexpensive Method for Sending Binary Vector Plasmid DNA by Mail  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

We describe a simple cost-effective technique for the transport of plasmid DNA by mail. Our results demonstrate that common multipurpose printing paper is a satisfactory substrate and superior to the more absorbent 3MM chromatography paper for the transport of plasmid DNA through the U.S. first clas...

151

76 FR 65640 - New Standards for Domestic Mailing Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...mailers who present full-service (Intelligent Mail[supreg]) automation mailings...a delivery point POSTNET barcode or Intelligent Mail barcode encoded with the correct...Barcodes, GS1-128 Routing Barcodes and Intelligent Mail Package Barcodes [Revise...

2011-10-24

152

Exercise Log Date Distance Date Distance  

E-print Network

routine. Are You Starting a New Exercise Program? Stretching Brought to you by Staff Council httpExercise Log Date Distance Date Distance College of Sports Medicine recommends that if you are undertaking an exercise program that you see your

Gering, Jon C.

153

Distance Learning Resources for Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies pathways to electronic resources on distance education, including the databases of the International Centre for Distance Learning, ERIC, and OCLC First Search; course offerings; gopher sites; and news, organizations, and discussion groups. (SK)

Weaver, Sherrill

1995-01-01

154

Holocene variations in mineral and grain-size composition along the East Greenland glaciated margin (ca 67??-70??N): Local versus long-distance sediment transport  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Quantitative X-Ray Diffraction (qXRD) analysis of the <2 mm sediment fraction from surface (sea floor) samples, and marine sediment cores that span the last 10-12 cal ka BP, are used to describe spatial and temporal variations in non-clay mineral compositions for an area between Kangerlussuaq Trough and Scoresby Sund (???67??-70??N), East Greenland. Bedrock consists primarily of an early Tertiary alkaline complex with high weight% of pyroxene and plagioclase. Farther inland and to the north, the bedrock is dominantly felsic with a high fraction of quartz and potassium feldspars. Principal Component (PC) analysis of the non-clay sediment compositions indicates the importance of quartz and pyroxene as compositional end members, with an abrupt shift from quartz and k-feldspar dominated sediments north of Scoresby Sund to sediments rich in pyroxene and plagioclase feldspars offshore from the early Tertiary basaltic outcrop. Coarse (<2 mm or <1 mm) ice-rafted sediments are largely absent from the trough sediments between ???8 and 5 cal ka BP, but then increase in the last 4 cal ka BP. Compositional unmixing of the sediments in Grivel Basin and Kangerlussuaq Trough indicate the dominance of local over long distance sediment sources, with pulses of sediment from tidewater glaciers in Kangerlussuaq and Nansen fjords reaching the inner shelf during the Neoglaciation. The change in IRD is more dramatic in the sediment grain-size proxies than in the quartz wt%. Forty to seventy percent of the variance in the quartz records from either side of Denmark Strait is explained by low frequency trends, but the data from the Grivel Basin, East Greenland, are distinctly different, with an approximate 2500 yr periodicity. ?? 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Andrews, J.T.; Jennings, A.E.; Coleman, G.C.; Eberl, D.D.

2010-01-01

155

Finding an e-mail address  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Finding an e-mail address: A site devoted to walking people through the sometimes difficult process of finding e-mail addresses, with connections to Finger, Whois, Knowbot, Netfind and X. 500 databases. An in-depth hypertext FAQ on how to find addresses is available. Resources includes a list of country codes with e-mail access, lists of college and university home pages (alphabetical and subject), Campus Wide Information Centers, and Internet domains and subdomains by country.

156

39 CFR 3055.50 - Standard Mail.  

...50 Section 3055.50 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Periodic Reporting of Service Performance Achievements § 3055.50 Standard Mail....

2014-07-01

157

39 CFR 3055.50 - Standard Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...50 Section 3055.50 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Periodic Reporting of Service Performance Achievements § 3055.50 Standard Mail....

2012-07-01

158

39 CFR 3055.50 - Standard Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...50 Section 3055.50 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Periodic Reporting of Service Performance Achievements § 3055.50 Standard Mail....

2013-07-01

159

39 CFR 3055.50 - Standard Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...50 Section 3055.50 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Periodic Reporting of Service Performance Achievements § 3055.50 Standard Mail....

2011-07-01

160

e-mail: aamato3@mail.gatech.edu D. Scarborough  

E-print Network

. Lieuwen Ben T. Zinn Combustion Laboratory, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30318 MethaneA. Amato1 e-mail: aamato3@mail.gatech.edu B. Hudak P. D'Carlo D. Noble D. Scarborough J. Seitzman T

Lieuwen, Timothy C.

161

78 FR 76533 - New Mailing Standards for Domestic Mailing Services Products  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...required to bear a pallet placard with an Intelligent Mail[supreg] container barcode...by automated postal equipment and an Intelligent Mail package barcode (IMpb) prepared...bear the Hold For Pickup label with an Intelligent Mail package barcode under...

2013-12-18

162

78 FR 12234 - Promotions and Incentive Programs for First-Class Mail and Standard Mail  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...card or letter bearing a qualifying Intelligent Mail[supreg] barcode (IMb TM ) that...letters will be waived. Full-service Intelligent Mail barcodes are required on each piece...automation letter price, must have Intelligent Mail barcodes. Full-service use...

2013-02-22

163

75 FR 72686 - Express Mail Open and Distribute and Priority Mail Open and Distribute  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...product; and adding a five-pound minimum weight requirement for Express Mail Open and...concerns about the five-pound minimum weight limit for Express Mail Open and Distribute...is establishing a five-pound minimum weight requirement for all Express Mail...

2010-11-26

164

78 FR 29785 - Priority Mail Pricing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...R2013-7; Order No. 1714] Priority Mail Pricing AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission...Priority Mail Open and Distribute, or Premium Forwarding Service. Id. at 3 n.3...that after the price change, the unused pricing authority available for the Special...

2013-05-21

165

Using E-Mail across Computer Networks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of telecommunications technology to exchange electronic mail, files, and messages across different computer networks. Networks highlighted include ARPA Internet; BITNET; USENET; FidoNet; MCI Mail; and CompuServe. Examples of the successful use of networks in higher education are given. (Six references) (LRW)

Hazari, Sunil

1990-01-01

166

IMPROVING THE SECURITY OF ELECTRONIC MAIL: UPDATED  

E-print Network

, and business organizations throughout the world to exchange personal and business information. Electronic mail the world to exchange personal and business information. The popularity and widespread use of electronicMarch 2007 IMPROVING THE SECURITY OF ELECTRONIC MAIL: UPDATED GUIDELINES ISSUED BY NIST IMPROVING

167

MAIL LOG, program theory, volume 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information relevant to the MAIL LOG program theory is documented. The L-files for mail correspondence, design information release/report, and the drawing/engineering order are given. In addition, sources for miscellaneous external routines and special support routines are documented along with a glossary of terms.

Harris, D. K.

1979-01-01

168

MailMinder: taming DHCP's mailman interface.  

PubMed

While the Department of Veteran's Affairs Decentralized Hospital Computer Program (DHCP) is one of the most widely disseminated and successful hospital information systems in existence, it currently is accessed through a user interface which is not as mature as the rest of the system. This interface is a VT-100 compatible, character oriented interface using menus accessed by typed commands for feature access. This project demonstrated that a mature graphical user interface (MailMinder) can be successfully used as a "front-end" to DHCP. MailMinder is completely compatible with the existing unmodified DHCP electronic mail program, Mailman. MailMinder allows the user to be more efficient than the current interface and offers additional features over the current mail system. The program has undergone evaluation and limited deployment at five separate sites. The feature set of this program and its operation will be shown at this demonstration. The demonstration has implications for all current hospital information systems. PMID:1482995

Shultz, E K; Brown, R; Kotta, G

1992-01-01

169

The Role of Dialogue in Distance Education: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance education has come a long way from its first offerings of pen and paper when submissions had to be mailed and no interaction occurred between students and instructors. One concern that has remained is that of keeping students connected to peers and instructors. Moore (1973) stated this psychological and communication gap (transactional…

Watts, Lynette K.

2010-01-01

170

North-South Corridor Demonstration Project: Ethical and Logistical Challenges in the Design of a Demonstration Study of Early Antiretroviral Treatment for Long Distance Truck Drivers along a Transport Corridor through South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Zambia  

PubMed Central

Background. Long-distance truck drivers are at risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV and have suboptimal access to care. New HIV prevention strategies using antiretroviral drugs to reduce transmission risk (early antiretroviral therapy (ART) at CD4 count >350?cells/?L) have shown efficacy in clinical trials. Demonstration projects are needed to evaluate “real world” programme effectiveness. We present the protocol for a demonstration study to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and cost of an early ART intervention for HIV-positive truck drivers along a transport corridor across South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Zambia, as part of an enhanced strategy to improve treatment adherence and retention in care. Methods and Analysis. This demonstration study would follow an observational cohort of truck drivers receiving early treatment. Our mixed methods approach includes quantitative, qualitative, and economic analyses. Key ethical and logistical issues are discussed (i.e., choice of drug regimen, recruitment of participants, and monitoring of adherence, behavioural changes, and adverse events). Conclusion. Questions specific to the design of tailored early ART programmes are amenable to operational research approaches but present substantial ethical and logistical challenges. Addressing these in demonstration projects can inform policy decisions regarding strategies to reduce health inequalities in access to HIV prevention and treatment programmes. PMID:23606977

Gomez, G. B.; Venter, W. D. F.; Lange, J. M. A.; Rees, H.; Hankins, C.

2013-01-01

171

75 FR 70128 - 2011 Changes for Domestic Mailing Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...POSTNET barcode (through April 2011) or Intelligent Mail barcode encoded with the correct...barcode requirements. Letters with Intelligent Mail barcodes entered under the full-service Intelligent Mail automation option also must...

2010-11-17

172

75 FR 56922 - Implementation of the Intelligent Mail Package Barcode  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...39 CFR Part 111 Implementation of the Intelligent Mail Package Barcode AGENCY: Postal...supreg]) for the optional use of Intelligent Mail[supreg] package barcodes (IMpb...usps.gov, with a subject line of ``Intelligent Mail Package Barcode...

2010-09-17

173

75 FR 29893 - Business Reply Mail Online Application Option  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 Business Reply Mail Online Application...eliminate the option to obtain a Business Reply Mail[supreg...online. Additionally, the electronic version of PS Form 6805, Qualified Business Reply Mail (QBRM)...

2010-05-28

174

Caley Johnson Curriculum vitae Mailing Address  

E-print Network

) 2013: CUNY Graduate Center, MPhil Physical Anthropology Research Interests Biological AnthropologyCaley Johnson ­ Curriculum vitae 1 Mailing Address Department of Anthropology, CUNY Graduate Park, Uganda: preliminary results on diet and food selection. African Journal of Ecology. 50

Rothman, Jessica M.

175

37 CFR 150.6 - Mailing address.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROTECTION OF FOREIGN MASK WORKS REQUESTS FOR PRESIDENTIAL PROCLAMATIONS PURSUANT TO 17 U.S.C. 902(a)(2) § 150.6 Mailing...

2010-07-01

176

37 CFR 150.6 - Mailing address.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROTECTION OF FOREIGN MASK WORKS REQUESTS FOR PRESIDENTIAL PROCLAMATIONS PURSUANT TO 17 U.S.C. 902(a)(2) § 150.6 Mailing...

2011-07-01

177

39 CFR 3055.21 - Standard Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...21 Section 3055.21 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Annual Reporting of Service Performance Achievements § 3055.21 Standard Mail. For each...

2012-07-01

178

39 CFR 3055.21 - Standard Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...21 Section 3055.21 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Annual Reporting of Service Performance Achievements § 3055.21 Standard Mail. For each...

2013-07-01

179

39 CFR 3055.21 - Standard Mail.  

...21 Section 3055.21 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Annual Reporting of Service Performance Achievements § 3055.21 Standard Mail. For each...

2014-07-01

180

39 CFR 3055.21 - Standard Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...21 Section 3055.21 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Annual Reporting of Service Performance Achievements § 3055.21 Standard Mail. For each...

2011-07-01

181

7 CFR 1209.235 - Mail balloting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION...mailing address, number of pounds of mushrooms produced or imported, or such other...general circulation among producers in the mushroom producing areas involved or among...

2010-01-01

182

7 CFR 322.17 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation of Restricted Organisms § 322.17 Mailed...

2010-01-01

183

7 CFR 322.32 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation and Transit of Restricted Articles § 322.32 Mailed...

2010-01-01

184

76 FR 74078 - Standard Mail Market Test  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...tests of experimental market dominant products. It seeks the exemption for Every Door Direct Mail Retail, a Standard Flats experiment now underway. This document describes the Postal Service's reasons for seeking the exemption, addresses procedural...

2011-11-30

185

Usenet: Taming the E-Mail Flood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains how the Usenet network's dissemination model differs from electronic-mail-based discussion groups in terms of how users can choose which information best fits their needs. Various methods of limiting excessive numbers of unwanted messages are explained. (EAM)

Notess, Greg R.

1993-01-01

186

7 CFR 322.32 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation and Transit of Restricted Articles § 322.32 Mailed...

2011-01-01

187

7 CFR 322.32 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation and Transit of Restricted Articles § 322.32 Mailed...

2012-01-01

188

7 CFR 322.17 - Mailed packages.  

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation of Restricted Organisms § 322.17 Mailed...

2014-01-01

189

7 CFR 322.17 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation of Restricted Organisms § 322.17 Mailed...

2013-01-01

190

7 CFR 322.32 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation and Transit of Restricted Articles § 322.32 Mailed...

2013-01-01

191

7 CFR 322.17 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation of Restricted Organisms § 322.17 Mailed...

2012-01-01

192

7 CFR 322.32 - Mailed packages.  

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation and Transit of Restricted Articles § 322.32 Mailed...

2014-01-01

193

7 CFR 322.17 - Mailed packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation of Restricted Organisms § 322.17 Mailed...

2011-01-01

194

Computing Discrete Frechet Distance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Frechet distance between two curves in a metric space is a measure of the similarity between the curves. We present a discrete variation of this measure. It provides good approximations of the continuous measure and can be eciently computed using a simple algorithm. We also consider variants of discrete Frechet distance, and find an interesting connection to measuring distance

Thomas Eiter; Heikki Mannila

195

RHETORICAL DISTANCE IN \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay explores the concept of rhetorical distance as the counterpart of esthetic distance. Rhetorical distance functions as a critical lens through which one may view Martin Luther King Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” It reveals King’s artistry in controlling an array of implied symbolic spatial relationships to achieve rhetorical ends. Chief among these relationships are those that divided King

BIRMINGHAM JAIL

196

Phonological Distance Measures.  

PubMed

Phonological distance can be measured computationally using formally specified algorithms. This work investigates two such measures, one developed by Nerbonne and Heeringa (1997) based on Levenshtein distance (Levenshtein, 1965) and the other an adaptation of Dunning's (1994) language classifier that uses maximum likelihood distance. These two measures are compared against naïve transcriptions of the speech of pediatric cochlear implant users. The new measure, maximum likelihood distance, correlates highly with Levenshtein distance and naïve transcriptions; results from this corpus are easier to obtain since cochlear implant speech has a lower intelligibility than the usually high intelligibility of the speech of a different dialect. PMID:20407614

Sanders, Nathan C; Chin, Steven B

2009-02-01

197

Distance Education: The Technology--What You Need To Know To Succeed, An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores distance-education evolution and research concerning distance-learning formats. Outlines nine mechanisms (electronic-mail, discussion lists/limited conferencing, telnet, FTP/Gopher, WWW, SLIP/PPP, advanced conferencing software, proprietary software vs. open standards, virtual reality) of the Internet which provide for fundamental changes…

Riedling, Ann M.

1999-01-01

198

Distance Education in the United States: From Correspondence Courses to the Internet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online learning is a descendant of distance education. Online education has a shared history with correspondence learning. In 1873, Anna Eliot Ticknor founded the Society to Encourage Studies at Home. Ticknor's Society established one of America's first correspondence schools, a distance learning option conducted through the mail. This…

Caruth, Gail D.; Caruth, Donald L.

2013-01-01

199

Distance Education Goes On-Line in the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined distance education at Tennessee Board of Regents institutions of higher education. Both four-year and two-year institutions were surveyed via electronic mail. Thirty-five percent of the surveys were returned. The results indicated that all responding institutions were involved in distance education, specifically to reach…

Jones, Connie A.; Gower, Diane S.

200

Using Microcomputers for Communication. Summary Report: Sociology 110 Distance Education Pilot Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot project involved off-campus (distance education) students creating their assignments on Macintosh computers and "mailing" them electronically to a campus mainframe computer. The goal of the project was to determine what is necessary to implement and to evaluate the potential of computer communications for university-level distance…

Misanchuk, Earl R.

201

76 FR 79072 - New Standards for Domestic Mailing Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Confirm to IMb Tracing, who are using Intelligent Mail[supreg] barcodes and have no...mailers who present full-service (Intelligent Mail) automation mailings. When mailers...a delivery point POSTNET barcode or Intelligent Mail barcode encoded with the...

2011-12-21

202

75 FR 39477 - New Standards for Domestic Mailing Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...pieces that are part of full-service Intelligent Mail[supreg] automation mailings...must qualify for the full-service Intelligent Mail barcode discount and weigh more...letters qualifying for the full- service Intelligent Mail barcode discount will be...

2010-07-09

203

Electronic Mail in Academic Settings: A Multipurpose Communications Tool.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores possible uses of electronic mail in three areas of the academic setting: instruction, research, and administration. Electronic mail is defined, the components needed to get started with electronic mail are discussed, and uses and benefits of electronic mail in diverse educational environments are suggested. (12 references) (DB)

D'Souza, Patricia Veasey

1992-01-01

204

77 FR 62446 - Every Door Direct Mail-Retail  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Standard Mail Flats--Every Door Direct Mail-Retail (EDDM-Retail...3587). d. The Postmaster Instruction letter; see https://www...box, write ``Every Door Direct Mail--Retail'' and...also known as ``Every Door Direct Mail'' or...

2012-10-15

205

Learning String Edit Distance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many applications, it is necessary to determine the similarity of two strings. A widely-used notion of string similarity is the edit distance: The minimum number of insertions, deletions, and substitutions required to transform one string into the other. In this report, we provide a stochastic model for string-edit distance. Our stochastic model allows us to learn a string-edit distance

Eric Sven Ristad; Peter N. Yianilos

1997-01-01

206

Phonological Distance Measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Phonological distance can be measured computationally using formally specified algorithms. This work investigates two such measures, one developed by Nerbonne and Heeringa (1997) based on Levenshtein distance (Levenshtein, 1965) and the other an adaptation of Dunning’s (1994) language classifier that uses maximum,likelihood distance. These two measures are compared against na¨?ve transcriptions of the speech of pediatric cochlear implant users.

Nathan C. Sanders; Steven B. Chin

2009-01-01

207

Local Distance Indicators  

E-print Network

A summary is given of the calibration of the Cepheid scale required in the derivation of distances from observations at V and I, as in the HST work on extragalactic Cepheids. There is some evidence that a small metallicity correction may be necessary in deriving distances in this way. The evidence for this comes both from observations of Cepheids of different metallicities and from a comparison of the LMC distance modulus derived from Cepheids and that derived by other methods.

Feast, M W

2000-01-01

208

Local Distance Indicators  

E-print Network

A summary is given of the calibration of the Cepheid scale required in the derivation of distances from observations at V and I, as in the HST work on extragalactic Cepheids. There is some evidence that a small metallicity correction may be necessary in deriving distances in this way. The evidence for this comes both from observations of Cepheids of different metallicities and from a comparison of the LMC distance modulus derived from Cepheids and that derived by other methods.

Michael Feast

2000-10-29

209

Distance to Horizon  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This applet allows students to explore the relationship between their height above the Earth and the distance they can see to the horizon. Learners can change the height above sea level by dragging the point labeled Height. Based on the height, the distance to the horizon is automatically calculated. Students are challenged to find a relationship between the height of a person above sea level and the distance he/she can see to the horizon.

Illuminations, Nctm

2000-01-01

210

8.F Delivering the Mail, Assessment Variation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Joshua's mail truck travels 14 miles every day he works, and is not used at all on days he does not work. At the end of his 100th day of work the mail ...

211

Educational Satellite Loan Guarantee Program Act, and Distance Learning. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space of the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. United States Senate. One Hundred Fourth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents witness testimony and supplemental materials from a Congressional hearing focused on the role of technology in promoting distance learning in the United States. Distance learning programs make educational resources available to citizens, regardless of socioeconomic status or geographic location, and enable citizens to remain…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation.

212

Learning string edit distance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many applications, it is necessary to determine the similarity of two strings. A widely-used notion of string similarity is the edit distance: the minimum number of insertions, deletions, and substitutions required to transform one string into the other. In this report, we provide a stochastic model for string edit distance. Our stochastic model allows us to learn a string

Eric Sven Ristad; Peter N. Yianilos

1996-01-01

213

Biomechanics of Distance Running.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contributions from researchers in the field of running mechanics are included in the 13 chapters of this book. The following topics are covered: (1) "The Mechanics of Distance Running: A Historical Perspective" (Peter Cavanagh); (2) "Stride Length in Distance Running: Velocity, Body Dimensions, and Added Mass Effects" (Peter Cavanagh, Rodger…

Cavanagh, Peter R., Ed.

214

Long Distance Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, from the Faculty Association of Community and Technical Colleges (FACTC) in Washington, focuses on various distance learning courses offered by the state's two-year colleges. The report contains 16 articles from faculty members and students, including: (1) "The Emperor's New Tutor: A Confession" (Sydney Wallace Stegall); (2) "Distance…

Villeneuve, Phyllis, Ed.

1997-01-01

215

"Distance Education for Newbies".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the effectiveness of distance education at Morehead State University. Distance education, which operates via fiber optic telecommunications, has been delivered to as many as 18 sites. Twenty-three faculty and 622 students have participated in this program. The technologies used to present information include full motion video…

Lennex, Lesia C.

216

Distance-Time Graphs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The representation is an animated slide show which: -describes a distance-time graph -explains what the slope of a distance time graph represents -explains its usefulness in understanding an objects motion This resource also includes an interactive test and review of the material, and can be downloaded for offline use.

217

1. From the Mail Services website, (www.princeton.edu/mail) click on Metered Mail to access the Meter Request Form.  

E-print Network

1. From the Mail Services website, (www.princeton.edu/mail) click on Metered Mail to access the Meter Request Form. 2. Log in using your Princeton NetID and password. The system will pre the drop-down menu. To enter a new chartstring, click "Create New." Online Meter Request Form A step

Singh, Jaswinder Pal

218

sai-irish-studies Mailing List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new mailing list is intended to serve as a networking and discussion forum for sociology and social policy researchers focusing on the Republic of Ireland and/or Northern Ireland or anyone engaged in "the systematic study of Irish society." Subscription information and message archives are available at the site.

1998-01-01

219

Subscribe to GAO E-Mail Alerts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S. General Accounting Office, Congress' Watchdog agency, now has a mailing list service for a daily electronic posting of the General Accounting Office (GAO) Daybook. The GAO Daybook is the daily listing of released GAO reports and testimony.

1969-12-31

220

Synchronous Internet Training - Synctrain Mailing List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new mailing list sponsored by InSync Training Synergy and moderated by Jennifer Hofmann, a Virtual Classroom Designer, is designed to serve "trainers, educators, and other people interested in Live Online Learning." Discussions on training techniques, Internet pedagogy, supporting multimedia, new products, and relevant jobs, conferences, and classes are welcome. Users can view the list archives and subscribe at this site.

221

IJAS Region V Winter Mailing February 2012  

E-print Network

will be coordinating the paper session this year. (Essays will be judged later.) Region V Project Science Fair Mailing February 2012 Dear Sponsors: I hope your science fairs have gone, or are going, well! Our region and Science Academy ­ March 16 (tentative) - Deadline for Project Session Registration ­ March 3, 2013

Kostic, Milivoje M.

222

IJAS Region V Winter Mailing February 2013  

E-print Network

60506. Region V Project Science Fair This year the 2013 Northern Illinois Regional Science Fair Mailing February 2013 Dear Sponsors: I hope your science fairs have gone, or are going, well! Once again Mathematics and Science Academy ­ March 9, 2013 - Deadline for Project Session Registration ­ March 4, 2013

Karonis, Nicholas T.

223

COSEE Mid-Atlantic Mailing List Signup  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Use this site to sign up for the COSEE Mid-Atlantic mailing list. COSEE-MA offers a variety of instructional tools, workshops and classes to bay and coastal ocean educators. This list will inform subscribers of materials and workshops as they are developed.

224

Reducing Error in Mail Surveys. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Digest describes four types of errors in mail surveys and summarizes the ways they can be reduced. Any one of these sources of error can make survey results unacceptable. Sampling error is examined through inferential statistics applied to sample survey results. In general, increasing sample size will decrease sampling error when simple…

Cui, Weiwei

225

Long-distance transport of Hg, Sb, and As from a mined area, conversion of Hg to methyl-Hg, and uptake of Hg by fish on the Tiber River basin, west-central Italy.  

PubMed

Stream sediment, stream water, and fish were collected from a broad region to evaluate downstream transport and dispersion of mercury (Hg) from inactive mines in the Monte Amiata Hg District (MAMD), Tuscany, Italy. Stream sediment samples ranged in Hg concentration from 20 to 1,900 ng/g, and only 5 of the 17 collected samples exceeded the probable effect concentration for Hg of 1,060 ng/g, above which harmful effects are likely to be observed in sediment-dwelling organisms. Concentrations of methyl-Hg in Tiber River sediment varied from 0.12 to 0.52 ng/g, and although there is no established guideline for sediment methyl-Hg, these concentrations exceeded methyl-Hg in a regional baseline site (<0.02 ng/g). Concentrations of Hg in stream water varied from 1.2 to 320 ng/L, all of which were below the 1,000 ng/L Italian drinking water Hg guideline and the 770 ng/L U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) guideline recommended to protect against chronic effects to aquatic wildlife. Methyl-Hg concentrations in stream water varied from <0.02 to 0.53 ng/L and were generally elevated compared to the baseline site (<0.02 ng/L). All stream water samples contained concentrations of As (<1.0-6.2 ?g/L) and Sb (<0.20-0.37 ?g/L) below international drinking water guidelines to protect human health (10 ?g/L for As and 20 ?g/L for Sb) and for protection against chronic effects to aquatic wildlife (150 ?g/L for As and 5.6 ?g/L for Sb). Concentrations of Hg in freshwater fish muscle ranged from 0.052-0.56 ?g/g (wet weight), mean of 0.17 ?g/g, but only 17 % (9 of 54) exceeded the 0.30 ?g/g (wet weight) USEPA fish muscle guideline recommended to protect human health. Concentrations of Hg in freshwater fish in this region generally decreased with increasing distance from the MAMD, where fish with the highest Hg concentrations were collected more proximal to the MAMD, whereas all fish collected most distal from Hg mines contained Hg below the 0.30 ?g/g fish muscle guideline. Data in this study indicate some conversion of inorganic Hg to methyl-Hg and uptake of Hg in fish on the Paglia River, but less methylation of Hg and Hg uptake by freshwater fish in the larger Tiber River. PMID:23666049

Gray, John E; Rimondi, Valentina; Costagliola, Pilario; Vaselli, Orlando; Lattanzi, Pierfranco

2014-02-01

226

Long-distance transport of Hg, Sb, and As from a mined area, conversion of Hg to methyl-Hg, and uptake of Hg by fish on the Tiber River basin, west-central Italy  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Stream sediment, stream water, and fish were collected from a broad region to evaluate downstream transport and dispersion of mercury (Hg) from inactive mines in the Monte Amiata Hg District (MAMD), Tuscany, Italy. Stream sediment samples ranged in Hg concentration from 20 to 1,900 ng/g, and only 5 of the 17 collected samples exceeded the probable effect concentration for Hg of 1,060 ng/g, above which harmful effects are likely to be observed in sediment-dwelling organisms. Concentrations of methyl-Hg in Tiber River sediment varied from 0.12 to 0.52 ng/g, and although there is no established guideline for sediment methyl-Hg, these concentrations exceeded methyl-Hg in a regional baseline site (<0.02 ng/g). Concentrations of Hg in stream water varied from 1.2 to 320 ng/L, all of which were below the 1,000 ng/L Italian drinking water Hg guideline and the 770 ng/L U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) guideline recommended to protect against chronic effects to aquatic wildlife. Methyl-Hg concentrations in stream water varied from <0.02 to 0.53 ng/L and were generally elevated compared to the baseline site (<0.02 ng/L). All stream water samples contained concentrations of As (<1.0–6.2 ?g/L) and Sb (<0.20–0.37 ?g/L) below international drinking water guidelines to protect human health (10 ?g/L for As and 20 ?g/L for Sb) and for protection against chronic effects to aquatic wildlife (150 ?g/L for As and 5.6 ?g/L for Sb). Concentrations of Hg in freshwater fish muscle ranged from 0.052–0.56 ?g/g (wet weight), mean of 0.17 ?g/g, but only 17 % (9 of 54) exceeded the 0.30 ?g/g (wet weight) USEPA fish muscle guideline recommended to protect human health. Concentrations of Hg in freshwater fish in this region generally decreased with increasing distance from the MAMD, where fish with the highest Hg concentrations were collected more proximal to the MAMD, whereas all fish collected most distal from Hg mines contained Hg below the 0.30 ?g/g fish muscle guideline. Data in this study indicate some conversion of inorganic Hg to methyl-Hg and uptake of Hg in fish on the Paglia River, but less methylation of Hg and Hg uptake by freshwater fish in the larger Tiber River.

Gray, John E.; Rimondi, Valentina; Costagliola, Pilario; Vaselli, Orlando; Lattanzi, Pierfranco

2014-01-01

227

76 FR 77133 - Domestic Shipping Services Pricing and Mailing Standards Changes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...pricing will be required to bear an Intelligent Mail[supreg] package barcode...except for qualifying full-service Intelligent Mail barcode mailings (see Notice 123...except for qualifying full-service Intelligent Mail barcode mailings (see Notice...

2011-12-12

228

Perceptions of Administrators on the Use of Distance Education in Texas Public Schools  

E-print Network

education, where a student or groups of students were in an alternative physical space, separate from the instructor who is providing the information. Step 2 of the process of dissemination of information about distance education was typically given... the use of asynchronous technologies, like electronic mail (e-mail), a student can download and view an instructor?s lecture on-line on their own time schedule. Students can also receive assignments and tests and completed these in a specified time...

Rabroker, Raymond Bernard Jr.

2012-02-14

229

Geodetic distance measuring apparatus  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A geodetic distance measuring apparatus which compensates for the refractive index of the atmosphere is discussed. A mode locked laser system with a laser device and its peripheral components is utilized to derive two mutually phase locked optical wavelength signals and one phase locked microwave CW signal which respectively traverse the same distance measurement path. The optical signals are comprised of pulse type signals. Phase comparison of the two optical wavelength pulse signals is used to provide the dry air density while phase comparison of one of the optical wavelength pulse signals and the microwave CW signal issued to provide wet or water vapor density of the air. The distance to be measured corrected for the atmospheric dry air and water vapor densities in the measurement path is computed from these measurements. A time interval unit is included for measuring transit time of individual optical pulses for resolving the phase ambiguity needed with the phase measurements to give the true target distance.

Abshire, J. B. (inventor)

1980-01-01

230

Science at a Distance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores some of the problems that may be encountered by an institution when trying to design science courses for delivery at a distance. Describes solutions to these problems that have been adopted by Athabasca University in Alberta, Canada. (DDR)

Kennepohl, Dietmar; Last, Arthur M.

1997-01-01

231

Automobile Stopping Distances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the effect of vehicle mass on stopping distances. Analyzes an example of a sample vehicle and tire, and calculates the braking acceleration showing the effect of different factors on the stopping performance of the tires. (GA)

Logue, L. J.

1979-01-01

232

Spectral distances on graphs  

E-print Network

By assigning a probability measure via the spectrum of the normalized Laplacian to each graph and using L^p Wasserstein distances between probability measures, we define the corresponding spectral distances d_p on the set of all graphs. This approach can even be extended to measuring the distances between infinite graphs. We prove that the diameter of the set of graphs, as a pseudo-metric space equipped with d_1, is one. We further study the behavior of d_1 when the size of graphs tends to infinity by interlacing inequalities aiming at exploring large real networks. A monotonic relation between d_1 and the evolutionary distance of biological networks is observed in simulations.

Jiao Gu; Bobo Hua; Shiping Liu

2014-02-25

233

Distance Learning and Telecommunications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the use of telecommunications in distance education from the point of view of both the trainer and the learner. The importance of user-oriented training design and feedback through transparent media is stressed. (EAM)

Innocenzi, Paulo Maria

1993-01-01

234

Third Generation Distance Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-mediated communications attempt to overcome the isolation of distance education students and tutors. Technical and administrative barriers still must be overcome to reap the benefits of an "electronic classroom." (SK)

Birchall, David W.

1990-01-01

235

Factors that impact nurses' use of electronic mail (e-mail).  

PubMed

As electronic applications are used increasingly in healthcare, nurses are being challenged to adopt them. Electronic mail (e-mail) is an electronic tool with general as well as healthcare uses. E-mail use may be an opportunity to learn a tool that requires skills similar to those used in other applications. This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators that impact nurses' use of e-mail in the workplace. Data for this study were gathered using focus group methodology. Content analysis identified and labeled factors into seven major categories. Specific factors identified were generally consistent with those previously described in the literature as affecting use of computers in general. However, there were several additional factors identified that were not reported in other previous studies: lack of face-to-face communication, individual writing skills, recency of any educational experience, volume of mail received, password integrity, and technical support. Findings from this study provide information for any individual involved in introducing or updating an e-mail system in a healthcare environment. PMID:10609399

Hughes, J A; Pakieser, R A

1999-01-01

236

Bayesian Graph Edit Distance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a novel framework for comparing and matching corrupted relational graphs. The paper develops the idea of edit-distance originally introduced for graph-matching by Sanfeliu and Fu (1). We show how the Levenshtein distance can be used to model the probability distribution for structural errors in the graph-matching problem. This probability distribution is used to locate matches using MAP

Richard Myers; Richard C. Wilson; Edwin R. Hancock

2000-01-01

237

OperatorBased Distance for Genetic Programming: Subtree Crossover Distance  

E-print Network

on the Levenshtein edit distance. Defining a distance measure, or measure of similarity, that is, in some sensesOperator­Based Distance for Genetic Programming: Subtree Crossover Distance Steven Gustafson 1@disco.unimib.it Abstract. This paper explores distance measures based on genetic ope­ rators for genetic programming using

Fernandez, Thomas

238

The Whole Internet... By E-Mail  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Dr. Bob" Rankin has recently updated "The Whole Internet... By E-Mail," a comprehensive guide for using email to access all types of Internet sites. The guide provides examples of email access to information available on FTP, Gopher, WWW, Usenet, WAIS, Listserv, Finger, and "Directory Assistance" (Whois and Netfind) sites. If a user lacks full Internet connectivity but wishes to take advantage of the complete array of Internet resources, this guide is for them. It also provides instructions for accessing several miscellaneous Internet information sources via email, including dictionary lookup, sending a fax, sources of U.S. government information, Internet patent news service, currency conversion, virus protection software, and Internet Service Providers by area code. "The Whole Internet...By E-Mail" has been translated into over 25 languages. Foreign language access instructions are in the guide.

1999-01-01

239

14 CFR 151.95 - Fences; distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. 151.95 Section...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Project Programming Standards...distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. (a)...

2011-01-01

240

14 CFR 151.95 - Fences; distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. 151.95 Section...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Project Programming Standards...distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. (a)...

2013-01-01

241

14 CFR 151.95 - Fences; distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. 151.95 Section...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Project Programming Standards...distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. (a)...

2012-01-01

242

14 CFR 151.95 - Fences; distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work.  

...distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. 151.95 Section...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Project Programming Standards...distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. (a)...

2014-01-01

243

31 CFR 538.513 - Transactions related to mail authorized.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...including payment and transfers to common carriers, incident to the receipt or transmission of mail between the United States and Sudan are authorized, provided that mail is limited to personal communications not involving a transfer of anything of...

2011-07-01

244

31 CFR 538.513 - Transactions related to mail authorized.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...including payment and transfers to common carriers, incident to the receipt or transmission of mail between the United States and Sudan are authorized, provided that mail is limited to personal communications not involving a transfer of anything of...

2010-07-01

245

31 CFR 538.513 - Transactions related to mail authorized.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...including payment and transfers to common carriers, incident to the receipt or transmission of mail between the United States and Sudan are authorized, provided that mail is limited to personal communications not involving a transfer of anything of...

2012-07-01

246

78 FR 7820 - Notice of Intelligent Mail Indicia Performance Criteria  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...POSTAL SERVICE Notice of Intelligent Mail Indicia Performance Criteria AGENCY: Postal Service...Postage Evidencing Systems (PES). DATES: Copies of the Intelligent Mail[supreg] Indicia (IMI) Performance Criteria...

2013-02-04

247

78 FR 68868 - First-Class Mail Postage Payment Option  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...envelopes and postcards according to specific design requirements established by the Postal...2) the remaining portion when the Intelligent Mail barcode (IMb) on the mailpiece...to collect postage will promote use of Intelligent Mail (factor 13). Id. at 11....

2013-11-15

248

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 516 - Mailing Addresses  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...true Mailing Addresses B Appendix B to Part 516 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued...AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION Pt. 516, App. B Appendix B to Part 516—Mailing Addresses The following is a...

2010-07-01

249

E?mail communication in workplace romantic relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined workplace romantic relationship partners’ e?mail practices and perceptions. Results suggest that the relationship may play an integral role in determining participants' uses and perceptions of e?mail Workplace romantic couples used e?mail as frequently as face?to?face communication to interact with romantic partners and rated it as both rich and important Participants used e?mail for both work?related and social

Shelly R. A. Hovick; Renee A. Meyers; C. Erik Timmerman

2003-01-01

250

Prevent Spam Filters from Blocking Legitimate E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There's no question about it: Spam is a scourge. This ever-increasing torrent of unsolicited commercial mass e-mail saps productivity and, for some, threatens the very viability of e-mail. The battle against spam, unfortunately, is creating problems of its own, with people sometimes unable to send legitimate e-mail and other times unable to…

Goldsborough, Reid

2004-01-01

251

DEPT./BLDG. PHONE FAX CHAIR (E-mail) SECRETARY (E-mail) ANTH SS 235 2693 4918  

E-print Network

DEPT./BLDG. PHONE FAX CHAIR (E-mail) SECRETARY (E-mail) ANTH SS 235 2693 4918 Gil Quintero x5825 (gilbert.quintero@umontana) Rehanna Olson (rehanna.olson@mso) Biological Sciences, 5122 4184 Janean Clark x

Chu, Xi

252

39 CFR 111.2 - Availability of the Mailing Standards of the United States Postal Service, Domestic Mail Manual.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the United States Postal Service, Domestic Mail Manual...the United States Postal Service, Domestic Mail Manual...regular business hours for reference and public inspection at the U.S. Postal Service Library, National...

2010-07-01

253

Passion at a Distance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1984, Abner Shimony invented the expression, "passion at a distance," to characterize the distinctive relationship of two entangled quantum mechanical systems [1]. It is neither the local causality of pushes, pulls, and central forces familiar from classical mechanics and electrodynamics, nor the non-local causality of instantaneous or just superluminal action at a distance that would spell trouble for relativity theory. This mode of connection of entangled systems has them feeling one another's presence and properties enough to ensure the strong correlations revealed in the Bell experiments, correlations that undergird everything from superfluidity and superconductivity to quantum computing and quantum teleportation, but not in a way that permits direct control of one by manipulation of the other. Intended to echo Aristotle's distinguishing of "potentiality" from "actuality" as different senses of "being," Shimony's "passion at a distance" is all about tendency and propensity, not the concreteness whose misplacement in realm of the physical was lamented by Alfred North Whitehead.

Howard, Don

254

The Moon's Distance--1  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This pair of web pages describes early calculations of the Earth-Moon distance by Greek astronomers. Using lunar and solar eclipses, the astronomers Aristarchus and Hipparchus determined the distance to the moon using geometry. The methods and mathematics used are described as well as the accuracy and errors. These pages are linked to other information on the geometry of the sun/earth/moon system. This is part of a large web site "From Stargazers to Starships" that presents physics concepts through connections to space science and an historical perspective. Spanish, French, and Italian translations are available.

Stern, David

2005-04-27

255

Cosmic Distance Scale  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This NASA site was developed by Maggie Masetti to demonstrate astronomical distances and help users grasp the size our universe. Starting at Earth, users simply select the Zoom Out link to see continuously larger areas of our universe until they reach The Farthest Visible Reaches of Space. At each stop, visitors can click on the Tell Me About ___! link to receive information about the particular object such as its importance, its distance, and the time it would take to travel to the object. Teachers and students will find this site both incredibly easy to navigate and very educational.

Masetti, Maggie.

256

Fluctuation in e-mail sizes weakens power-law correlations in e-mail flow  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Power-law correlations have been observed in packet flow over the Internet. The possible origin of these correlations includes demand for Internet services. We observe the demand for e-mail services in an organization, and analyze correlations in the flow and the sequence of send requests using a Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA). The correlation in the flow is found to be weaker than that in the send requests. Four types of artificial flow are constructed to investigate the effects of fluctuations in e-mail sizes. As a result, we find that the correlation in the flow originates from that in the sequence of send requests. The strength of the power-law correlation decreases as a function of the ratio of the standard deviation of e-mail sizes to their average.

Matsubara, Yoshitsugu; Hieida, Yasuhiro; Tadaki, Shin-ichi

2013-09-01

257

Long Distance Caregiving  

MedlinePLUS

... Home Current Issue Past Issues Feature: Senior Living Long Distance Caregiving Past Issues / Summer 2009 Table of Contents For an enhanced version of this page please turn Javascript on. My father lives by himself almost a thousand miles from my ... is often a long-term task. What begins with an occasional phone ...

258

Distance Education: Changing Formats.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes distance education at the School of Library and Information Science at San Jose State University (California). Highlights include interactive television transmission; interactive video and asynchronous transfer mode; reliability; experiences at other schools; computer-mediated communication and interaction between teachers and students;…

Woolls, Blanche; Dowlin, Ken; Loertscher, David

2002-01-01

259

Estimating Distance and Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn to estimate the time it takes to travel different distances based on an estimation of the time it takes to travel a part of the whole route. This reinforces basic fractional/ratio thinking, as well as early multiplication as repeated addition.

WNET

2008-08-22

260

Training Distance Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines a course designed to enable distance teachers to develop and teach courses using computer-mediated communication and emphasizing basic pedagogy. The teaching strategies and learning points of each module, as well as the organizational and technical set-up, are described. (Contains seven references.) (EAM)

Ingesman, Lars

1993-01-01

261

Nutrition for distance events  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of training is to prepare the distance athlete to perform at his or her best during major competitions. Whatever the event, nutrition plays a major role in the achievement of various factors that will see a runner or walker take the starting line in the best possible form. Everyday eating patterns must supply fuel and nutrients needed to

Louise M. Burke; Gregoire Millet; Mark A. Tarnopolsky

2007-01-01

262

Distance Courses in Mechanics and in Distance Instructor Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes two related distance courses for instructor and leadership training and a distance undergraduate course in mechanics. Flexible and distance learning are becoming more and more important, so it is important to train instructors for such changes. KTH (Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm) has the course "5C4502 Distance…

Karlsson, Goran

2004-01-01

263

Effect of Geographic Distance on Distance Education: An Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the effect of geographic distance on students' distance learning experience with the aim to provide tentative answers to a fundamental question--does geographic distance matter in distance education? Using educational outcome data collected from an online master's program in Geographic Information Systems, this…

Luo, Heng; Robinson, Anthony C.; Detwiler, Jim

2014-01-01

264

WALDEN: About Henry David Thoreau Mailing List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

WALDEN is a mailing list dedicated to Henry David Thoreau. It is named after his best known work, Walden, a recounting of a period of time he spent living "deliberately" next to Walden Pond, outside Concord, Massachusetts. The list will discuss: the relevance of Thoreau's ideas to life in the 21st century; books about Thoreau's life and works; other authors that were Thoreau's 19th century contemporaries; and "living deliberately," among other topics. Subscription and further information is available at the above URL.

265

Screening mail for powders using terahertz technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following the 2001 Anthrax letter attacks in the USA, there has been a continuing interest in techniques that can detect or identify so-called 'white powder' concealed in envelopes. Electromagnetic waves (wavelengths 100-500 ?m) in the terahertz frequency range penetrate paper and have short enough wavelengths to provide good resolution images; some materials also have spectroscopic signatures in the terahertz region. We report on an experimental study into the use of terahertz imaging and spectroscopy for mail screening. Spectroscopic signatures of target powders were measured and, using a specially designed test rig, a number of imaging methods based on reflection, transmission and scattering were investigated. It was found that, contrary to some previous reports, bacterial spores do not appear to have any strong spectroscopic signatures which would enable them to be identified. Imaging techniques based on reflection imaging and scattering are ineffective in this application, due to the similarities in optical properties between powders of interest and paper. However, transmission imaging using time-of-flight of terahertz pulses was found to be a very simple and sensitive method of detecting small quantities (25 mg) of powder, even in quite thick envelopes. An initial feasibility study indicates that this method could be used as the basis of a practical mail screening system.

Kemp, Mike

2011-11-01

266

Personnel and mail screening with millimeter waves  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The detection and interdiction of biological and chemical warfare agents at point-of-entry military, government, and civilian facilities remains a high priority for security personnel. Commercial personnel and mail screening technologies for these harmful agents are still being developed and improved upon to meet all security client requirements. Millimeter-wave holographic imaging technology developed at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is an ideal sensor to interrogate objects concealed behind low dielectric barriers such as paper, cardboard, and clothing. It uses harmless millimeter waves to illuminate the object or person under surveillance. The waves penetrate through the low dielectric barrier and either reflects off or pass through the hidden object, depending on its material dielectric properties. The reflected signals are digitized and sent to high-speed computers to form high-resolution, three-dimensional (3-D) images. Feasibility imaging studies have been conducted to determine whether simulated biological or chemical agents concealed in mail packages or under clothing could be detected using holographic radar imaging techniques. The results of this study will be presented in this paper.

McMakin, Douglas L.; Sheen, David M.; Griffin, Jeffery W.; Valentine, Nancy B.; Lechelt, Wayne M.

2005-05-01

267

Personnel and Mail Screening with Millimeter Waves  

SciTech Connect

The detection and interdiction of biological and chemical warfare agents at point-of-entry military, government, and civilian facilities remains a high priority for security personnel. Commercial personnel and mail screening technologies for these harmful agents are still being developed and improved upon to meet all security client requirements. Millimeter-wave holographic imaging technology developed at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is an ideal sensor to interrogate objects concealed behind low dielectric barriers such as paper, cardboard, and clothing. It uses harmless millimeter waves to illuminate the object or person under surveillance. The waves penetrate through the low dielectric barrier and either reflects off or pass through the hidden object, depending on its material dielectric properties. The reflected signals are digitized and sent to high-speed computers to form high-resolution, three-dimensional (3-D) images. Feasibility imaging studies have been conducted to determine whether simulated biological or chemical agents concealed in mail packages or under clothing could be detected using holographic radar imaging techniques. The results of this study will be presented in this paper.

McMakin, Douglas L.; Sheen, David M.; Griffin, Jeffrey W.; Valentine, Nancy B.; Lechelt, Wayne M.

2005-08-01

268

75 FR 32143 - Submission of Electronic Documentation With Comailed and Copalletized Mailings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...showing the assignment of the trays with Intelligent Mail[supreg] tray labels to pallets bearing Intelligent Mail container placards, as well as...mailings that include full-service Intelligent Mail letters or flats. Mailers...

2010-06-07

269

75 FR 54287 - Submission of Electronic Documentation With Comailed and Copalletized Mailings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and copalletized mailings to include Intelligent Mail[supreg] tray labels on trays or sacks. Intelligent Mail container placards must also be...showing the assignment of the trays with Intelligent Mail tray labels to pallets...

2010-09-07

270

Geodetic distance measuring apparatus  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A mode locked laser system including a laser device and its peripheral components is utilized for deriving two mutually phase locked optical wavelength signals and one phase locked microwave CW signal which respectively traverse the same distance measurement path. Preferably the optical signals are comprised of pulse type signals. Phase comparison of the two optical wavelength pulse signals is used to provide a measure of the dry air density while phase comparison of one of the optical wavelength pulse signals and the microwave CW signal is used to provide a measure of the wet or water vapor density of the air. From these measurements is computed in means of the distance to be measured corrected for the atmospheric dry and water vapor densities in the measurement path.

Abshire, J. B. (inventor)

1983-01-01

271

Distance between images  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Comparing two binary images and assigning a quantitative measure to this comparison finds its purpose in such tasks as image recognition, image compression, and image browsing. This quantitative measurement may be computed by utilizing the Hausdorff distance of the images represented as two-dimensional point sets. In this paper, we review two algorithms that have been proposed to compute this distance, and we present a parallel implementation of one of them on the MasPar parallel processor. We study their complexity and the results obtained by these algorithms for two different types of images: a set of displaced pairs of images of Gaussian densities, and a comparison of a Canny edge image with several edge images from a hierarchical region growing code.

Gualtieri, J. A.; Le Moigne, J.; Packer, C. V.

1992-01-01

272

Distance-Bounding Protocols  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is often the case in applications of cryptographic protocols that one party would like to determine a practical upper-bound\\u000a on the physical distance to the other party. For instance, when a person conducts a cryptographic identification protocol\\u000a at an entrance to a building, the access control computer in the building would like to be ensured that the person giving

Stefan Brands; David ChaumZ

273

Going the Distance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this paper and pencil activity, students are provided with a map of the U.S. and use it to measure and calculate distance. Access to a globe will enhance the activity. The resource is part of the teacher's guide accompanying the video, NASA Why Files: The Case of the Mysterious Red Light. Lesson objectives supported by the video, additional resources, teaching tips and an answer sheet are included in the teacher's guide.

274

Novae as distance indicators  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nova shells are characteristically prolate with equatorial bands and polar caps. Failure to account for the geometry can lead to large errors in expansion parallaxes for individual novae. When simple prescriptions are used for deriving expansion parallaxes from an ensemble of randomly oriented prolate spheroids, the average distance will be too small by factors of 10 to 15 percent. The absolute magnitudes of the novae will be underestimated and the resulting distance scale will be too small by the same factors. If observations of partially resolved nova shells select for large inclinations, the systematic error in the resulting distance scale could easily be 20 to 30 percent. Extinction by dust in the bulge of M31 may broaden and shift the intrinsic distribution of maximum nova magnitudes versus decay rates. We investigated this possibility by projecting Arp's and Rosino's novae onto a composite B - 6200A color map of M31's bulge. Thirty two of the 86 novae projected onto a smooth background with no underlying structure due to the presence of a dust cloud along the line of sight. The distribution of maximum magnitudes versus fade rates for these unreddened novae is indistinguishable from the distribution for the entire set of novae. It is concluded that novae suffer very little extinction from the filamentary and patchy distribution of dust seen in the bulge of M31. Time average B and H alpha nova luminosity functions are potentially powerful new ways to use novae as standard candles. Modern CCD observations and the photographic light curves of M31 novae found during the last 60 years were analyzed to show that these functions are power laws. Consequently, unless the eruption times for novae are known, the data cannot be used to obtain distances.

Ford, Holland C.; Ciardullo, Robin

1988-01-01

275

Evaluating linguistic distance measures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Ref. [13], Petroni and Serva discuss the use of Levenshtein distances (LD) between words referring to the same concepts as a tool for establishing overall distances among languages which can then subsequently be used to derive phylogenies. The authors modify the raw LD by dividing the LD by the length of the longer of the two words compared, to produce what could be called LDN (normalized LD). Other scholars [7,8] have used a further modification, where they divide the LDN by the average LDN among words not referring to the same concept. This produces what could be called LDND. The authors of Ref. [13] question whether LDND is a more adequate measure of distance than LDN. Here we show empirically that LDND is the better measure in the situation where the languages compared have not already been shown, by other, more traditional methods of comparative linguistics, to be related. If automated language classification is to be used as a tool independent of traditional methods then the further modification is necessary.

Wichmann, Søren; Holman, Eric W.; Bakker, Dik; Brown, Cecil H.

2010-09-01

276

Distance Learning, the Internet, and the World Wide Web. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some of the newest methods of distance learning (DL) use the Internet and the World Wide Web. DL on the Internet usually takes one of the following forms: electronic mail; bulletin boards/newsgroups; downloading of course materials or tutorials; interactive tutorials on the Web; real-time, interactive conferencing; "intranets" (internal,…

Kerka, Sandra

277

Distance Learning between German and Japanese School Classes Based on a Real Time Video Conference Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We have established an environment for German-Japanese school education projects using real time interactive audio-visual distance learning between remote classrooms. In periods of 8-12 weeks, two classes are dealing with the same subject matter, exchanging materials and results via e-mail and Internet. At 3 or 4 occasions the classes met on…

Graf, Klaus-D.

278

Shared Living, Experiences, and Intimacy over Video Chat in Long Distance Relationships  

E-print Network

media helped here, where they would stay connected by physical letters, telephones, e-mail, texting chat systems in order to stay connected. We explore this phenomenon by presenting case studies of how in this day and age. LDRs include not only people who are geographically separated by large distanc- es

Greenberg, Saul

279

Distance Learning Skills and Responsibilities: A Content Analysis of Job Announcements 1996-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Archived job advertisements from the "International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) LIBJOBS" mailing list (1996-2010) were examined using content analysis. Findings suggest that distance learning (DL) skillsets as job qualifications emerged in the late 1990's and continue to be relevant today. Jobs with DL…

Rebmann, Kristen Radsliff; Molitor, Simone; Rainey, Bonnie

2012-01-01

280

Global Empowerment of Impaired Learners: Data Networks Will Transcend Both Physical Distance and Physical Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a pilot project using electronic mail and conferencing in college courses including blind and deaf students. The effectiveness of group interaction is compared to the standard classroom. The use of communication technologies in the design of educational systems to simultaneously transcend physical distance and physical disabilities is…

Coombs, Norman

1993-01-01

281

Inbox Shock: A Study of Electronic Message Volume in a Distance Managerial Communication Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates volume of e-mail messages sent by students in a graduate management class, "Managerial Communication Strategies," delivered via distance education. Offers more general recommendations for educators providing such management courses, especially strategies for more effective and efficient usage of electronic messaging. Finds volume of…

Hartman, Jackie; Lewis, Jeffrey S.; Powell, Karen Sterkel

2002-01-01

282

Secure E-mailing Between Physicians and Patients  

PubMed Central

Secure e-mailing between Kaiser Permanente physicians and patients is widespread; primary care providers receive an average of 5 e-mails from patients each workday. However, on average, secure e-mailing with patients has not substantially impacted primary care provider workloads. Secure e-mail has been associated with increased member retention and improved quality of care. Separate studies associated patient portal and secure e-mail use with both decreased and increased use of other health care services, such as office visits, telephone encounters, emergency department visits, and hospitalizations. Directions for future research include more granular analysis of associations between patient-physician secure e-mail and health care utilization. PMID:24887522

Garrido, Terhilda; Meng, Di; Wang, Jian J.; Palen, Ted E.; Kanter, Michael H.

2014-01-01

283

A Hybrid Brain-Computer Interface-Based Mail Client  

PubMed Central

Brain-computer interface-based communication plays an important role in brain-computer interface (BCI) applications; electronic mail is one of the most common communication tools. In this study, we propose a hybrid BCI-based mail client that implements electronic mail communication by means of real-time classification of multimodal features extracted from scalp electroencephalography (EEG). With this BCI mail client, users can receive, read, write, and attach files to their mail. Using a BCI mouse that utilizes hybrid brain signals, that is, motor imagery and P300 potential, the user can select and activate the function keys and links on the mail client graphical user interface (GUI). An adaptive P300 speller is employed for text input. The system has been tested with 6 subjects, and the experimental results validate the efficacy of the proposed method. PMID:23690880

Yu, Tianyou; Li, Yuanqing; Long, Jinyi; Li, Feng

2013-01-01

284

Distance to Dark Bodies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Using the unique orbit of NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope and a depth-perceiving trick called parallax, astronomers have determined the distance to an invisible Milky Way object called OGLE-2005-SMC-001. This artist's concept illustrates how this trick works: different views from both Spitzer and telescopes on Earth are combined to give depth perception.

Our Milky Way galaxy is heavier than it looks, and scientists use the term 'dark matter' to describe all the 'heavy stuff' in the universe that seems to be present but invisible to our telescopes. While much of this dark matter is likely made up of exotic materials, different from the ordinary particles that make up the world around us, some may consist of dark celestial bodies -- like planets, black holes, or failed stars -- that do not produce light or are too faint to detect from Earth. OGLE-2005-SMC-001 is one of these dark celestial bodies.

Although astronomers cannot see a dark body, they can sense its presence from the way light acts around it. When a dark body like OGLE-2005-SMC-001 passes in front of a bright star, its gravity causes the background starlight to bend and brighten, a process called gravitational microlensing. When the observing telescope, dark body, and star system are closely aligned, the microlensing event reaches maximum, or peak, brightness.

A team of astronomers first sensed OGLE-2005-SMC-001's presence when it passed in front of a star in a neighboring satellite galaxy called the Small Magellanic Cloud. In this artist's rendering, the satellite galaxy is depicted as the fuzzy structure sitting to the left of Earth. Once they detected this microlensing event, the scientists used Spitzer and the principle of parallax to figure out its distance. Humans naturally use parallax to determine distance. Each eye sees the distance of an object differently. The brain takes each eye's perspective and instantaneously calculates how far away the object is.

To determine OGLE-2005-SMC-001's distance, astronomers measured the microlensing event over several months with both Spitzer in space and the Earth-based telescopes. Careful analysis of the data revealed the time of the peak brightness differed slightly between the two locations.

Because astronomers knew the exact distance between Earth and Spitzer and the time lag between the peak-observed brightness, they could determine OGLE-2005-SMC-001's speed. Using trigonometric equations and graphs to do the 'brain's' job, scientists then inferred the dark body's location to be in the outer portion, or halo, of our galaxy.

The picture of the Small Magellanic Cloud in this concept is a two-color image from two Digitized Sky Survey 2 observations The Digitized Sky Survey is based at the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Md.

2007-01-01

285

Development of an education-oriented e-mail application \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed a simple E-mail application named Seemit which is designed for being used in information literacy courses. It has necessary and sufficient functions for an E-mail application, and it has been developed for the purpose of learning basic operations and mechanisms of E-mail transfer easily. It has been developed in HSP scripting language, which can create compact Windows

Makoto Miyazaki; K. Sugitani; T. Kita; Hidenori Akiyama

2004-01-01

286

Seven Habits of Highly Successful Enterprise E-Mail Managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rise of regulatory oversight and privacy concerns, the exponential growth in the amount of e-mail, the lack of e-mail discipline by employees, and the ubiquity of e-mail as a primary communications mechanism have created new risks for companies and businesses of every size. It is not only the disgruntled worker companies should be worried about; it's likely their star

Jim Vandermeer

2006-01-01

287

8.F Distance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Below are two graphs that look the same. Note that the first graph shows the distance of a car from home as a function of time and the second graph sho...

288

Break the Chain: Stop Junk E-Mail and Misinformation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

False virus alerts, hoaxes, and chain letters sent through e-mail are becoming almost commonplace, which makes them more annoying than ever. This is why Break the Chain tries to educate people to stop forwarding junk e-mail to their entire contacts list. The site offers some good guidelines for e-mail etiquette and how to research chain letters. It also has a searchable database of over 300 chain letters and hoaxes currently in circulation. A fun part of the site is the Yanking the Chain Awards, which is a monthly award given out to a particularly effective (and usually humorous) response to junk e-mail.

Ratliff, John R.

1999-01-01

289

Distance collaborations with industry  

SciTech Connect

The college industry relationship has been identified as a key policy issue in Engineering Education. Collaborations between academic institutions and the industrial sector have a long history and a bright future. For Engineering and Engineering Technology programs in particular, industry has played a crucial role in many areas including advisement, financial support, and practical training of both faculty and students. Among the most important and intimate interactions are collaborative projects and formal cooperative education arrangements. Most recently, such collaborations have taken on a new dimension, as advances in technology have made possible meaningful technical collaboration at a distance. There are several obvious technology areas that have contributed significantly to this trend. Foremost is the ubiquitous presence of the Internet. Perhaps almost as important are advances in computer based imaging. Because visual images offer a compelling user experience, it affords greater knowledge transfer efficiency than other modes of delivery. Furthermore, the quality of the image appears to have a strongly correlated effect on insight. A good visualization facility offers both a means for communication and a shared information space for the subjects, which are among the essential features of both peer collaboration and distance learning.

Peskin, A.; Swyler, K.

1998-06-01

290

49 CFR 236.531 - Trip arm; height and distance from rail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Trip arm; height and distance from rail. 236.531 Section 236.531 Transportation...531 Trip arm; height and distance from rail. Trip arm of automatic train stop...height above the plane of the tops of the rails, and at a horizontal distance from...

2011-10-01

291

49 CFR 236.531 - Trip arm; height and distance from rail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Trip arm; height and distance from rail. 236.531 Section 236.531 Transportation...531 Trip arm; height and distance from rail. Trip arm of automatic train stop...height above the plane of the tops of the rails, and at a horizontal distance from...

2010-10-01

292

Distance matrices and isometric embeddings  

E-print Network

We review the relations between distance matrices and isometric embeddings and give simple proofs that distance matrices defined on euclidean and spherical spaces have all eigenvalues except one non-negative. Several generalizations are discussed.

E. Bogomolny; O. Bohigas; C. Schmit

2007-10-10

293

Distance Teacher Education in Pakistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance education means instruction in which the instructor and student are separated by distance and interact through the assistance of communication technology. Distance education changes the learning relationship from the common, centralized school model to a more decentralized, flexible model. It also reverses social dynamics by bringing…

Jumani, Nabi Bux; Zai, Zafar Iqbal Yousuf

2009-01-01

294

Distance Education. [SITE 2001 Section].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the papers on distance education from the SITE (Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education) 2001 conference. Topics covered include: the distance education degree program for the Master of Mathematics with a teaching option at Texas A&M University; the evolution of online learning; Internet-based distance…

Fuller, Frank, Ed.; McBride, Ron, Ed.

295

How to measure spatial distances?  

E-print Network

The use of time--like geodesics to measure temporal distances is better justified than the use of space--like geodesics for a measurement of spatial distances. We give examples where a ''spatial distance'' cannot be appropriately determined by the length of a space--like geodesic.

Hans - Juergen Schmidt

1995-11-29

296

Finding Distances With Standard Candles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity demonstrates how a star who has a known total luminosity can serve as a standard candle. These stars are useful for determining distances. This is because the flux of a star is easy to measure, and knowing flux and luminosity you can work out the distance of the star. The student is then asked to measure the distances to particular stars.

Barnes, Joshua E.

2005-04-27

297

DISTANCES TO DARK CLOUDS: COMPARING EXTINCTION DISTANCES TO MASER PARALLAX DISTANCES  

SciTech Connect

We test two different methods of using near-infrared extinction to estimate distances to dark clouds in the first quadrant of the Galaxy using large near-infrared (Two Micron All Sky Survey and UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey) surveys. Very long baseline interferometry parallax measurements of masers around massive young stars provide the most direct and bias-free measurement of the distance to these dark clouds. We compare the extinction distance estimates to these maser parallax distances. We also compare these distances to kinematic distances, including recent re-calibrations of the Galactic rotation curve. The extinction distance methods agree with the maser parallax distances (within the errors) between 66% and 100% of the time (depending on method and input survey) and between 85% and 100% of the time outside of the crowded Galactic center. Although the sample size is small, extinction distance methods reproduce maser parallax distances better than kinematic distances; furthermore, extinction distance methods do not suffer from the kinematic distance ambiguity. This validation gives us confidence that these extinction methods may be extended to additional dark clouds where maser parallaxes are not available.

Foster, Jonathan B.; Jackson, James M. [Institute for Astrophysical Research, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215 (United States); Stead, Joseph J.; Hoare, Melvin G. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Benjamin, Robert A., E-mail: jbfoster@bu.edu, E-mail: jackson@bu.edu, E-mail: J.J.Stead@leeds.ac.uk, E-mail: mgh@ast.leeds.ac.uk, E-mail: benjamin@astro.wisc.edu [Physics Department, University of Wisconsin Whitewater, Whitewater, WI 53190 (United States)

2012-06-01

298

Distance education for tobacco reduction with Inuit frontline health workers  

PubMed Central

Background Tobacco reduction is a major priority in Canadian Inuit communities. However, many Inuit frontline health workers lacked the knowledge, confidence and support to address the tobacco epidemic. Given vast distances, high costs of face-to-face training and previous successful pilots using distance education, this method was chosen for a national tobacco reduction course. Objective To provide distance education about tobacco reduction to at least 25 frontline health workers from all Inuit regions of Canada. Design Promising practices globally were assessed in a literature survey. The National Inuit Tobacco Task Group guided the project. Participants were selected from across Inuit Nunangat. They chose a focus from a “menu” of 6 course options, completed a pre-test to assess individual learning needs and chose which community project(s) to complete. Course materials were mailed, and trainers provided intensive, individualized support through telephone, fax and e-mail. The course ended with an open-book post-test. Follow-up support continued for several months post-training. Results Of the 30 participants, 27 (90%) completed the course. The mean pre-test score was 72% (range: 38–98%). As the post-test was done using open books, everyone scored 100%, with a mean improvement of 28% (range: 2–62%). Conclusions Although it was often challenging to contact participants through phone, a distance education approach was very practical in a northern context. Learning is more concrete when it happens in a real-life context. As long as adequate support is provided, we recommend individualized distance education to others working in circumpolar regions. PMID:23984270

Collins, Rob; Hammond, Merryl; Carry, Catherine L.; Kinnon, Dianne; Killulark, Joan; Nevala, Janet

2013-01-01

299

An Analysis of Stylistic Variables in Electronic Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes as to style 200 samples of electronic mail memorandums gathered from 4 organizations. Counts systematically textual features such as sentence and paragraph length, grammatical sentence types, sentence openers, and diction to examine patterns of rhetorical choice common to electronic mail. Finds that writers combined elements of…

Rice, Rodney P.

1997-01-01

300

Response rates to mail surveys published in medical journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The purpose of this study was to characterize response rates for mail surveys published in medical journals; to determine how the response rate among subjects who are typical targets of mail surveys varies; and to evaluate the contribution of several techniques used by investigators to enhance response rates. Methods. One hundred seventy-eight manuscripts published in 1991, representing 321 distinct

David A. Asch; M. Kathryn Jedrziewski; Nicholas A. Christakis

1997-01-01

301

Changing Technology and the U.S. Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The changes in technology that have affected mail delivery are a dynamic way to encourage students to think critically and make meaningful connections across historical eras. In the classroom, personal communication through the mail can become the "thematic glue" used across historical units to highlight the changes in everyday life caused by…

Gandy, S. Kay; Resor, Cynthia Williams

2012-01-01

302

Books By Mail: Moving the Library to Disadvantaged Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series on library services to disadvantaged adults, this guide suggests several ways a library can provide books by mail services. Mail order delivery is a way of making the library's collection available to many who are unable or unwilling to visit the library building. The system can be handled by clerks or volunteers. Planning should…

Reed, Mary Jane; Schmidt, Susan K.

303

DUPLICATE DIPLOMA REQUEST RETURN FORM: By mail to  

E-print Network

or International Priority deliveries) PART A. Diploma #1 College Degree Honors Graduation date PART B. Diploma #2 number Email address Date of birth University ID or SSN Student signature (required) Date SECTION 2. Diploma information Diploma mailing address (line 1) Recipient name Diploma mailing address (line 2) City

Thomas, David D.

304

Yunsheng Xu e-mail: yunsheng@acsu.buffalo.edu  

E-print Network

Yunsheng Xu e-mail: yunsheng@acsu.buffalo.edu Xiangcheng Luo D. D. L. Chung e-mail: ddlchung@acsu.buffalo.edu Composite Materials Research Laboratory, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260 as that given by solder. Water is almost as effective as sodium silicate without filler, but the thermal contact

Chung, Deborah D.L.

305

Gender Differences in Perceived Gratifications Obtained through Electronic Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Electronic mail provides users with unique positive psychological consequences that differentiate it from other media. These consequences or gratifications have been mentioned separately across the electronic mail literature, yet there is no specific measure for these gratifications. The study found that females (M = 7.7; SD = 1.8) achieve higher…

Harper, Vernon B., Jr.; Harper, Erika J.

2010-01-01

306

Effect of Mailing Address Style on Survey Response Rate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study determined the effect of using mailing labels prepared by a letter-quality computer printer on survey response rate. D. A. Dillman's personalization approach to conducting mail surveys suggests that envelopes with addresses typed directly on them may produce a higher response rate than envelopes with addresses typed on self-adhesive…

Cookingham, Frank G.

307

Using E-mail as an Official Means of Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly 90% of all University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire (UWEC) students and staff are regular users of e-mail. The University has taken advantage of this widespread use and replaced many paper distributions--payroll earnings statements, unofficial transcripts, degree audits, adviser grade reports, bills, et cetera--with distribution via e-mail

Ritland, Marian; Moore, Sue Shelton

308

DUPLICATE DIPLOMA REQUEST RETURN FORM: By mail to  

E-print Network

DUPLICATE DIPLOMA REQUEST RETURN FORM: By mail to: Diplomas 130 Coffey Hall, 1420 Eckles Avenue St--Graduates of the University of Minnesota may order multiple copies of their diplomas for $15 per copy. Duplicate diplomas can be ordered only after the original diploma is received and are mailed two to three weeks from receipt

Amin, S. Massoud

309

Distance Education for Doctoral Students: An Overview of the National Cluster Format for Students in the Doctoral Program for Child and Youth Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers an overview of the telecommunications and delivery techniques involved in providing distance education to graduate students in doctoral programs. Good distance education should ensure variety of format and successful communication; it can come via audiobridge, videotapes, audiotapes, the telephone, electronic mail, electronic…

Hesser, Lois Ann

310

Quantum energy teleportation without a limit of distance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantum energy teleportation (QET) is, from the operational viewpoint of distant protocol users, energy transportation via local operations and classical communication. QET has various links to fundamental research fields including black-hole physics, the quantum theory of Maxwell's demon, and quantum entanglement in condensed-matter physics. However, the energy that has been extracted using a previous QET protocol is limited by the distance between two protocol users; the upper bound of the energy being inversely proportional to the distance. In this paper, we prove that introducing squeezed vacuum states with local vacuum regions between the two protocol users overcomes this limitation, allowing energy teleportation over practical distances.

Hotta, Masahiro; Matsumoto, Jiro; Yusa, Go

2014-01-01

311

Guidelines for Sending of Mass E-mail at UWM Mass e-mail is the delivery of e-mail to a large group of recipients or delivery of a large  

E-print Network

Guidelines for Sending of Mass E-mail at UWM Mass e-mail is the delivery of e-mail to a large group of recipients or delivery of a large number of messages at the same time. The recipient lists for e-mail groups medium can be diminished by excessive use. Delivery of a large amount of e-mail during a brief time

Saldin, Dilano

312

66 FR 65796 - Forest Transportation System Analysis; Roadless Area Protection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Box 221150, Salt Lake City, UT, 84122; via e-mail...Conclusion Revisions to Forest Service Road Mangement...concerning the National Forest Transportation System...a component of sub-basin, multi- Forest, and...

2001-12-20

313

Extremely High-Frequency Holographic Radar Imaging of Personnel and Mail  

SciTech Connect

The awareness of terrorists covertly transporting chemical warfare (CW) and biological warfare (BW) agents into government, military, and civilian facilities to harm the occupants has increased dramatically since the attacks of 9/11. Government and civilian security personnel have a need for innovative surveillance technology that can rapidly detect these lethal agents, even when they are hidden away in sealed containers and concealed either under clothing or in hand-carried items such as mailed packages or handbags. Sensor technology that detects BW and CW agents in mail or sealed containers carried under the clothing are under development. One promising sensor technology presently under development to defeat these threats is active millimeter-wave holographic radar imaging, which can readily image concealed items behind paper, cardboard, and clothing. Feasibility imaging studies at frequencies greater than 40 GHz have been conducted to determine whether simulated biological or chemical agents concealed in mail packages or under clothing could be detected using this extremely high-frequency imaging technique. The results of this imaging study will be presented in this paper.

McMakin, Douglas L.; Sheen, David M.; Griffin, Jeffrey W.; Lechelt, Wayne M.

2006-08-01

314

Extremely high-frequency holographic radar imaging of personnel and mail  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The awareness of terrorists covertly transporting chemical warfare (CW) and biological warfare (BW) agents into government, military, and civilian facilities to harm the occupants has increased dramatically since the attacks of 9/11. Government and civilian security personnel have a need for innovative surveillance technology that can rapidly detect these lethal agents, even when they are hidden away in sealed containers and concealed either under clothing or in hand-carried items such as mailed packages or handbags. Sensor technology that detects BW and CW agents in mail or sealed containers carried under the clothing are under development. One promising sensor technology presently under development to detect these threats is active millimeter-wave holographic radar imaging, which can readily image concealed items behind paper, cardboard, and clothing. Feasibility imaging studies at frequencies greater than 40 GHz have been conducted to determine whether simulated biological or chemical agents concealed in mail packages or under clothing could be detected using this extremely high-frequency imaging technique. The results of this imaging study will be presented in this paper.

McMakin, Douglas L.; Sheen, David M.; Griffin, Jeffery W.; Lechelt, Wayne M.

2006-05-01

315

11 CFR 100.27 - Mass mailing (2 U.S.C. 431(23)).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

means a mailing by United States mail or facsimile of more than 500 pieces of mail matter of an identical or substantially similar nature within any 30-day period. A mass mailing does not include electronic mail or Internet communications. For purposes of this section, substantially...

2010-01-01

316

Center for Transportation Research University of Texas at Austin  

E-print Network

Center for Transportation Research University of Texas at Austin C. Michael Walton, Ph.D., P for Transportation Research University of Texas at Austin Austin, TX 78701 cmwalton@mail.utexas.edu (512) 471 pursued a career in transport systems engineering and policy analysis. Dr. Walton is a member

317

Modeling Carrier Behavior in Sequential Auction Transportation Markets  

E-print Network

Modeling Carrier Behavior in Sequential Auction Transportation Markets M. A. Figliozzi, University ______________________________________________________________________________ August 10-15, 2003 2 Title: Modeling Carrier Behavior in Sequential Auction Transportation Markets Miguel Phone: 301-405-0752 Fax: 301-405-2585 eMail: masmah@umd.edu Abstract Online markets for transportation

Bertini, Robert L.

318

Transportation Problems of the Rural Elderly: A Needs Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mail-out survey was used to assess the transportation needs of seniors living in relatively remote rural areas of Saskatchewan. Two types of transportation needs were identified: the need to make local trips at least once a week and the need for transportation to a district center at least once a month. (Author/CT)

Grant, Peter R.; Rice, Bruce

1983-01-01

319

Volatile organic compounds produced during irradiation of mail.  

PubMed

In 2001, Bacillus anthracis spores were delivered through the United States postal system in a series of bioterrorist acts. Controls proposed for this threat included sanitization with high-energy electrons. Solid phase microextraction was used with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for field sampling and analysis of volatile compounds apparently produced from polymeric materials such as cellulose and plastics, immediately following processing of mail at a commercial irradiation facility. Solid phase microextraction and direct sampling of air into a cryogenically cooled temperature programmable inlet were used in the laboratory for gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis of air in contact with irradiated mail, envelopes only (packaged identically to mail), and air inside irradiated plastic mail packaging bags (with neither mail nor envelopes). Irradiated mail or envelope systems produced hydrocarbons such as propane, butane, pentane, hexane, heptane, methylpentanes, and benzene; and oxygen-containing compounds such as acetaldehyde, acrolein, propionaldehyde, furan, 2-methylfuran, methanol, acetone, 2-butanone, and ethanol. In addition to hydrocarbons, methyl and ethyl nitrate were detected in irradiated bags that contained only air, suggesting reactive nitrogen species formed from air irradiation reacted with hydroxy-containing compounds to give nitro esters. The similarities of volatile compounds in irradiated systems containing paper to those observed by researchers studying cellulose pyrolysis suggests common depolymerization and degradation mechanisms in each case. These similarities should guide additional work to examine irradiated mail for chemical compounds not detectable by methods used here. PMID:12688843

Smith, Philip A; Sheely, Michael V; Hakspiel, Shelly J; Miller, Stephen

2003-01-01

320

Surprises in approximating Levenshtein distances  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Levenshtein distance is an important tool for the comparison of symbolic\\u000asequences, with many appearances in genome research, linguistics and other\\u000aareas. For efficient applications, an approximation by a distance of smaller\\u000acomputational complexity is highly desirable. However, our comparison of the\\u000aLevenshtein with a generic dictionary-based distance indicates their\\u000astatistical independence. This suggests that a simplification along this

Michael Baake; Uwe Grimm; Robert Giegerich

2006-01-01

321

Competencies for distance education professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to identify the roles and competencies of distance education professionals within the United\\u000a States and Canada. A population of 103 distance education experts was identified, and their perceptions regarding this information\\u000a were sought in a modified two-round Delphi process. The results of the study include a competency model for distance education.\\u000a It illustrates the

Elizabeth C. Thach; Karen L. Murphy

1995-01-01

322

Doctoral education from a distance.  

PubMed

This article describes the environmental factors that have contributed to the recent rapid growth of nursing doctoral education at a distance. Early and recent efforts to deliver distance doctoral education are discussed, using The University of Arizona College of Nursing experience as the key exemplar. The Community of Inquiry model is introduced as an appropriate model for doctoral education and then used as a framework to evaluate the current state of the art in distance doctoral nursing education. Successes and challenges in delivering doctoral education from a distance are described. PMID:18940412

Effken, Judith A

2008-12-01

323

Novel distances for dollo data.  

PubMed

We investigate distances on binary (presence/absence) data in the context of a Dollo process, where a trait can only arise once on a phylogenetic tree but may be lost many times. We introduce a novel distance, the Additive Dollo Distance (ADD), that applies to data generated under a Dollo model and show that it has some useful theoretical properties including an intriguing link to the LogDet/paralinear distance. Simulations of Dollo data are used to compare a number of binary distances including ADD, LogDet, a restriction-site-based distance, and some simple, but to our knowledge previously unstudied, variations on common binary distances. The simulations suggest that ADD outperforms other distances on Dollo data. Interestingly, we found that the LogDet distance performs poorly in the context of a Dollo process; this may have implications for its use in connection with conditioned genome reconstruction. We apply the ADD to two Diversity Arrays Technology data sets, one that broadly covers Eucalyptus species and one that focuses on the Eucalyptus series Adnataria. We also reanalyze gene family presence/absence data from bacterial genomes obtained from the COG database and compare the results with previous phylogenies estimated using the conditioned genome reconstruction approach. The results for these case studies are largely congruent with previous studies, in some cases giving more phylogenetic resolution. PMID:22914977

Woodhams, Michael; Steane, Dorothy A; Jones, Rebecca C; Nicolle, Dean; Moulton, Vincent; Holland, Barbara R

2013-01-01

324

The Psychological Importance of "Distance" in Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This between-subjects experiment was designed to examine the impact of physical distance on affect and cognition in a distance education situation. Participants were 48 undergraduate students enrolled in communications classes. All subjects were exposed to identical instructional material, but half of the students were told that the material was…

Uppal, Charu; Sundar, S. Shyam

325

19 CFR Policy Statement to Part 145 - Examination of Sealed Letter Class Mail  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Letter Class Mail Statement Policy Statement to Part 145 Customs...MAIL IMPORTATIONS Pt. 145, Policy Stmt. Policy Statement to Part 145—Examination...mail regulations or any of these policies will lead to appropriate...

2010-04-01

326

39 CFR 3020.111 - Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. 3020.111 Section 3020.111... Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.111 Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. (a) The Postal Service...

2013-07-01

327

39 CFR 3020.112 - Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. 3020.112 Section 3020.112 ...Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.112 Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. The Postal Service shall...

2012-07-01

328

39 CFR 3020.111 - Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. 3020.111 Section 3020.111... Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.111 Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. (a) The Postal Service...

2011-07-01

329

39 CFR 3020.112 - Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. 3020.112 Section 3020.112 ...Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.112 Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. The Postal Service shall...

2011-07-01

330

39 CFR 3020.111 - Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. 3020.111 Section 3020.111... Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.111 Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. (a) The Postal Service...

2012-07-01

331

39 CFR 3020.112 - Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. 3020.112 Section 3020.112 ...Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.112 Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. The Postal Service shall...

2013-07-01

332

39 CFR 3020.112 - Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter.  

...Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. 3020.112 Section 3020.112 ...Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.112 Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. The Postal Service shall...

2014-07-01

333

39 CFR 3020.112 - Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. 3020.112 Section 3020.112 ...Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.112 Limitations applicable to competitive mail matter. The Postal Service shall...

2010-07-01

334

39 CFR 3020.111 - Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter.  

...Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. 3020.111 Section 3020.111... Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.111 Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. (a) The Postal Service...

2014-07-01

335

39 CFR 3020.111 - Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. 3020.111 Section 3020.111... Size and Weight Limitations for Mail Matter § 3020.111 Limitations applicable to market dominant mail matter. (a) The Postal Service...

2010-07-01

336

77 FR 65279 - Domestic Competitive Products Pricing and Mailing Standards Changes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...prices will increase 3.0 percent. The Intelligent Mail[supreg] package barcode (IMpb...containers. The standards implementing Intelligent Mail package barcodes (IMpb) requires...Tracking. Label 400 will include an Intelligent Mail package barcode and will be...

2012-10-26

337

76 FR 59504 - Intelligent Mail Package Barcode (IMpb) Implementation for Commercial Parcels  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 Intelligent Mail Package Barcode (IMpb) Implementation...various sections to require the use of an Intelligent Mail unique tracking barcode on all...with automated processing equipment and Intelligent Mail scanning devices. Once all...

2011-09-27

338

76 FR 23749 - Intelligent Mail Package Barcode (IMpb) Implementation for Commercial Parcels  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 Intelligent Mail Package Barcode (IMpb) Implementation...capability to allow for the scanning of Intelligent Mail[supreg] package barcodes (IMpb...via automated processing equipment and Intelligent Mail scanning devices. Once fully...

2011-04-28

339

78 FR 13006 - New Intelligent Mail Package Barcode Standards To Enhance Package Visibility; Opportunity for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 New Intelligent Mail Package Barcode Standards To...advisability of requiring the use of Intelligent Mail[supreg] package barcodes (IMpb) or unique tracking Intelligent Mail barcodes (IMb TM ) on all...

2013-02-26

340

41 CFR 102-192.130 - What are your general responsibilities as an agency mail manager?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

(f) Ensure that facility and program level mail personnel receive appropriate certifications and training in order to successfully perform their assigned duties; (g) Promote professional certification for mail managers and mail center...

2010-07-01

341

41 CFR 102-192.145 - Which program levels should have a mail manager?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

Every program level within a Federal agency that generates a significant quantity of outgoing mail should have its own mail manager. Each agency must decide which programs will have a full-time or part-time mail...

2010-07-01

342

76 FR 65639 - International Mail: Proposed Product Rate and Fee Changes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICE 39 CFR Part 20 International Mail: Proposed Product...States Postal Service, International Mail Manual (IMM...accompany the new prices. DATES: We must receive...gov, with a subject line of ``International Mailing Services...

2011-10-24

343

77 FR 64768 - International Mailing Services: Proposed Product and Price Changes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICE 39 CFR Part 20 International Mailing Services...States Postal Service, International Mail Manual (IMM...classification changes. DATES: We must receive...gov, with a subject line of ``International Mailing Services...

2012-10-23

344

78 FR 63433 - International Mailing Services: Proposed Price Changes-CPI  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICE 39 CFR Part 20 International Mailing Services...Postal Service, International Mail Manual (IMM...price changes. DATES: We must receive...with a subject line of ``January 2014 International Mailing...

2013-10-24

345

78 FR 63434 - International Mailing Services: Proposed Price Changes-Exigent  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICE 39 CFR Part 20 International Mailing Services...Postal Service, International Mail Manual (IMM...price changes. DATES: We must receive...with a subject line of ``January 2014 International Mailing...

2013-10-24

346

Office Skills: Junk Mail: Added Dimension to Teaching Records Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A junk mail filing simulation is described as a simple but effective approach to teaching records management. Implementation of the approach is described in sixteen steps. Eight objectives and five variations to the simulation are included. (SH)

Klemin, Wayne

1977-01-01

347

39 CFR 3055.45 - First-Class Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...45 Section 3055.45 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Periodic Reporting of Service Performance Achievements § 3055.45 First-Class Mail....

2013-07-01

348

39 CFR 3055.20 - First-Class Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...20 Section 3055.20 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Annual Reporting of Service Performance Achievements § 3055.20 First-Class Mail....

2012-07-01

349

39 CFR 3055.20 - First-Class Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...20 Section 3055.20 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Annual Reporting of Service Performance Achievements § 3055.20 First-Class Mail....

2013-07-01

350

39 CFR 3055.20 - First-Class Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...20 Section 3055.20 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Annual Reporting of Service Performance Achievements § 3055.20 First-Class Mail....

2011-07-01

351

39 CFR 3055.45 - First-Class Mail.  

...45 Section 3055.45 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Periodic Reporting of Service Performance Achievements § 3055.45 First-Class Mail....

2014-07-01

352

39 CFR 3055.45 - First-Class Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...45 Section 3055.45 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Periodic Reporting of Service Performance Achievements § 3055.45 First-Class Mail....

2011-07-01

353

39 CFR 3055.20 - First-Class Mail.  

...20 Section 3055.20 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Annual Reporting of Service Performance Achievements § 3055.20 First-Class Mail....

2014-07-01

354

39 CFR 3055.45 - First-Class Mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...45 Section 3055.45 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Periodic Reporting of Service Performance Achievements § 3055.45 First-Class Mail....

2012-07-01

355

76 FR 21413 - Classification Changes for Competitive Mail Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...that a note reflecting restrictions applicable to Express Mail International (EMI) is currently included in the MCS and the change for GXG is intended to parallel the EMI restrictions. Id. The Postal Service states that it intends to publish...

2011-04-15

356

29 CFR 452.102 - Notice in mail ballot election.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LABOR-MANAGEMENT STANDARDS GENERAL STATEMENT CONCERNING THE ELECTION PROVISIONS OF THE LABOR-MANAGEMENT REPORTING AND DISCLOSURE ACT OF 1959 Election Procedures; Rights of Members § 452.102 Notice in mail ballot...

2010-07-01

357

E-mail et Web : pour une navigation sans risque  

ScienceCinema

Présentation orale en français, support visuel en anglais. À travers des exemples concrets, vous consoliderez vos connaissances et pourrez ainsi réajuster vos habitudes concernant l?utilisation sécurisée de votre boîte e-mail et de votre navigateur Web.

None

2011-10-06

358

E-mail et Web : pour une navigation sans risque  

SciTech Connect

Présentation orale en français, support visuel en anglais. À travers des exemples concrets, vous consoliderez vos connaissances et pourrez ainsi réajuster vos habitudes concernant l’utilisation sécurisée de votre boîte e-mail et de votre navigateur Web.

None

2010-06-28

359

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 516 - Mailing Addresses  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION Pt. 516, App. B Appendix B to Part 516—Mailing Addresses The following is a list of...

2011-07-01

360

Constructing learning models from data : the dynamic catalog mailing problem  

E-print Network

The catalog industry is a large and important industry in the US economy. One of the most important and challenging business decisions in the industry is to decide who should receive catalogs, due to the significant mailing ...

Sun, Peng, 1974-

2003-01-01

361

7 CFR 319.55-7 - Importations by mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Rice Rules and Regulations § 319.55-7 Importations...than through the mails. Importations of seed or paddy rice from Mexico, and of rice straw and rice hulls from all foreign countries...

2010-01-01

362

7 CFR 319.55-7 - Importations by mail.  

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Rice Rules and Regulations § 319.55-7 Importations...than through the mails. Importations of seed or paddy rice from Mexico, and of rice straw and rice hulls from all foreign countries...

2014-01-01

363

7 CFR 319.55-7 - Importations by mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Rice Rules and Regulations § 319.55-7 Importations...than through the mails. Importations of seed or paddy rice from Mexico, and of rice straw and rice hulls from all foreign countries...

2013-01-01

364

7 CFR 319.55-7 - Importations by mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Rice Rules and Regulations § 319.55-7 Importations...than through the mails. Importations of seed or paddy rice from Mexico, and of rice straw and rice hulls from all foreign countries...

2011-01-01

365

7 CFR 319.55-7 - Importations by mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Rice Rules and Regulations § 319.55-7 Importations...than through the mails. Importations of seed or paddy rice from Mexico, and of rice straw and rice hulls from all foreign countries...

2012-01-01

366

Canadian government agencies develop e-mail management policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

As e-mail has become a widely used communication tool by the Government of Canada (GoC), this article examines current e-mail management policies and system implementation in Canadian government agencies. GoC implemented the Records, Document, and Information Management System (RDIMS) as an integrated system tool for efficient document and records management. RDIMS provides the capability to create, manage, and access information

Eun G. Park; Natasha Zwarich

2008-01-01

367

Rating e-mail personality at zero acquaintance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic media are pervasive in daily communication. But how well do personality ratings of short e-mail messages match the self-reports of the authors? Here we describe a small-scale preliminary study to test this. Working independently and under experimenter supervision, 30 judges each rated 18 short e-mail texts. These texts were written under experimental conditions by authors of known personality, who

Alastair J. Gill; Jon Oberlander; Elizabeth Austin

2006-01-01

368

MailStore Home 3.0.2.2448  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

People who need to backup their emails with little fuss will want to give MailStore Home a whirl. The programs works with a variety of email account types (including Thunderbird and Outlook) to provide a complete backup of all email files. After the backup is created, users can leave it in the MailStore application or export it as a file. This version is compatible with computers running Windows 2000 and newer.

2008-01-01

369

Program For Local-Area-Network Electronic Mail  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

MailRoom is computer program for local-area network (LAN) electronic mail. Enables users of LAN to exchange electronically notes, letters, reminders, or any sort of communication via their computers. Links all users of LAN into communication circle in which messages created, sent, copied, printed, downloaded, uploaded, and deleted through series of menu-driven screens. Includes feature that enables users to determine whether messages sent have been read by receivers. Written in Microsoft QuickBasic.

Weiner, Michael J.

1989-01-01

370

Phonetic Distance between Dutch Dialects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional dialectology relies on identifying language features which are common to one dialect area while distinguishing it from others. It has dif- ficulty in dealing with partial matches of features and with nonoverlapping language patterns. This paper applies Levenshtein distance—a measure of string distance—to pronunciations to overcome both of these difficulties. Par- tial matches may be quantified, and nonoverlapping patterns

John Nerbonne; Wilbert Heeringa; Erik van den Hout; Peter van der Kooi; Simone Otten; Willem van de Vis; Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

371

A Normalized Levenshtein Distance Metric  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although a number of normalized edit distances presented so far may offer good performance in some applications, none of them can be regarded as a genuine metric between strings because they do not satisfy the triangle inequality. Given two strings X and Y over a finite alphabet, this paper defines a new normalized edit distance between X and Y as

Li Yujian; Liu Bo

2007-01-01

372

Edit Distance From Graph Spectra  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with computing graph edit dis- tance. One of the criticisms that can be leveled at existing methods for computing graph edit distance is that it lacks the formality and rigour of the computation of string edit distance. Hence, our aim is to convert graphs to string se- quencesso that standardstring edit distancetechniquescan be used. To do

Antonio Robles-kelly; Edwin R. Hancock

2003-01-01

373

Blogging for the Distance Librarian  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on user lookups, "Merriam-Webster Online "proclaimed "Blog" the word of the year for 2004. Distance librarianship, until mid-way through 2004, was a subject that was underrepresented in the blogosphere. The inception of a blog called "The Distant Librarian: Comments on the World of Distance Librarianship" is chronicled in this article, along…

Pival, Paul R.

2005-01-01

374

Distance Learning in Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance learning (DL) provides equal access to higher education for individuals who might not otherwise be able to pursue college degrees. This paper defines DL and distance learners, discusses the quality and status of DL programs, examines emerging teacher and student roles in DL, and presents two DL success stories in higher physical…

St. Pierre, Peter

1998-01-01

375

Distance Learning: Practice and Dilemmas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In accordance with the European processes of integrated and homogeneous education, the paper presents the essential viewpoints and questions covering the establishment and development of "distance learning" (DL) in Republic of Croatia. It starts from the advantages of distance learning versus traditional education taking into account some…

Tatkovic, Nevenka; Sehanovic, Jusuf; Ruzic, Maja

2006-01-01

376

Earth Mover's Distances on Discrete Surfaces Justin Solomon  

E-print Network

formulation with linear scaling. Af- ter discretization using finite elements (FEM) and development: Optimal transportation, Wasserstein metric, earth mover's distance, finite elements, geometric median for Informatics Abstract We introduce a novel method for computing the earth mover's dis- tance (EMD) between

Kazhdan, Michael

377

Learning Materials at a Distance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

United Kingdom Centre for Materials Education offers its 12 Guides for Lecturers free online, and this is one of them. The guide is a "distillation of the essential elements of distance education and a succinct guide to how to produce effective distance learning materials." The guide is broken into sections, including definitions and concepts of distance education, learner support, and online learning. The guide also discusses how to define the purpose of a distance education course or module, as well as suggestions on how to structure and pace the learning environment while engaging students. This is a helpful guide for teachers and administrators considering creating new distance education courses, or adding an online component to a traditional course.

Endean, Mark

2007-07-31

378

The American Distance Education Consortium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interest in distance education within institutions of higher learning dates as far back as the correspondence programs first offered by the University of Chicago and Columbia University in the late 19th century. There are a host of organizations currently involved in disseminating and promoting the cause of distance education, the American Distance Education Consortium (ADEC), is one of the most notable. The ADEC is composed of approximately 65 state university and land grant colleges and as an organization is primarily concerned with creating a model of distance education that will provide instructional delivery and access anywhere and anytime. On their site, visitors can learn about a host of distance learning delivery technologies, read up on best practices developed by ADEC member institutions and individuals, and federal programs and grants designed to assist those with an interest in the subject.

2004-01-01

379

77 FR 7214 - Notice of Availability: Programmatic Environmental Assessment for Mail Processing Network...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Environmental Assessment for Mail Processing Network Rationalization Initiative (Formerly Known as the ``Network Optimization'' Initiative), Nationwide...Assessment (PEA) for the Mail Processing Network Rationalization Initiative (the...

2012-02-10

380

7 CFR 355.21 - Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by mail. 5  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by...Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...SPECIES REGULATIONS CONCERNING TERRESTRIAL PLANTS Inspections and Related Provisions...

2012-01-01

381

7 CFR 355.21 - Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by mail. 5  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by...Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...SPECIES REGULATIONS CONCERNING TERRESTRIAL PLANTS Inspections and Related Provisions...

2013-01-01

382

7 CFR 355.21 - Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by mail. 5  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by...Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...SPECIES REGULATIONS CONCERNING TERRESTRIAL PLANTS Inspections and Related Provisions...

2010-01-01

383

7 CFR 355.21 - Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by mail. 5  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by...Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...SPECIES REGULATIONS CONCERNING TERRESTRIAL PLANTS Inspections and Related Provisions...

2011-01-01

384

7 CFR 355.21 - Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by mail. 5  

... Marking and mailing requirements for plants imported, exported, or reexported by...Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...SPECIES REGULATIONS CONCERNING TERRESTRIAL PLANTS Inspections and Related Provisions...

2014-01-01

385

*Fax: 706-542-2492; e-mail: mgeller@hal.physast.uga.edu. Physica B 249--251 (1998) 388--390  

E-print Network

*Fax: 706-542-2492; e-mail: mgeller@hal.physast.uga.edu. Physica B 249--251 (1998) 388--390 Coherent transport through a quantum dot in a strong magnetic field Michael R. Geller* Department succeeded in measuring both the phase and amplitude of the complex-valued transmission coefficient t""t"e

Geller, Michael R.

386

Prepared by: Shawn Coyle, Aircraft Certification, Flight Test. Transport Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.  

E-print Network

Prepared by: Shawn Coyle, Aircraft Certification, Flight Test. Transport Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. ph 613 954 1390, fax 613 996 9178, e-mail CoyleS@tc.gc.ca Aircraft On-Board Navigation Data Integrity A Serious Problem Transport Canada Database Working Group Paper Transport Canada Transports Canada Safety

Ladkin, Peter B.

387

Inequalities for distances between points and distance preserving mappings  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we generalize the short diagonals lemma by proving a new inequality for distances between six points. Moreover, we apply this inequality to a partial solution to the Aleksandrov–Rassias problem.

Soon-Mo Jung

2005-01-01

388

Genealogical trees from genetic distances  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a population with haploid reproduction any individual has a single parent in the previous generation. If all genealogical distances among pairs of individuals (generations from the closest common ancestor) are known it is possible to exactly reconstruct their genealogical tree. Unfortunately, in most cases, genealogical distances are unknown and only genetic distances are available. The genetic distance between two individuals is measurable from differences in mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) since in the case of humans or other complex organisms mtDNA is transmitted in a haploid manner. An analogous distance can be also computed for languages where it may be measured from lexical differences, in this case, nevertheless, haploid reproduction is only a raw approximation. Assuming a constant rate of mutation, these genetic distances are random and proportional only on average to genealogical ones. The reconstruction of the genealogical tree from the available genetic distances is forceful imprecise. In this paper we try to quantify the error one may commit in the reconstruction of the tree for different degrees of randomness. The errors may concern both topology of the tree (the branching hierarchy) and, in case of correct topology, the proportions of the tree (length of various branches).

Prignano, L.; Serva, M.

2009-06-01

389

Distance Learning - A Personal History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of distance learning programs, including the British Open University; Sunrise Semester; Nova University; University of Maine (Orono); Public Facilities Telecommunications Program; A*DEC; National Technological University; Star Schools; Massachusetts Corporation for Educational Telecommunications; museums; Jones International…

Miller, Inabeth

2001-01-01

390

Equivalency Theory and Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses distance education and the need for an accepted theory. Highlights include theories of independent study; theory of industrialization of teaching; theory of interaction and communication; and equivalency theory that is based on local control, personalized instruction, and telecommunications. (LRW)

Simonson, Michael

1999-01-01

391

Distance Learning for Special Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance education strategies for remotely deployed, highly mobile, or institutionalized populations are reviewed and critiqued. Specifically, asynchronous, offline responses for special military units, Native Americans on remote reservations, prison populations and other geographically, temporally or technologically isolated niche populations are…

Bates, Rodger A.

2012-01-01

392

Opportunity Cost of Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, opportunity cost (OC) of distance education (DE) has been examined. In addition, factors which affect OC of DE have been investigated. (Contains 1 table.) [Abstract modified to meet ERIC guidelines.

Turkoglu, Recep

2004-01-01

393

Entropy distance: New quantum phenomena  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study a curve of Gibbsian families of complex 3 × 3-matrices and point out new features, absent in commutative finite-dimensional algebras: a discontinuous maximum-entropy inference, a discontinuous entropy distance, and non-exposed faces of the mean value set. We analyze these problems from various aspects including convex geometry, topology, and information geometry. This research is motivated by a theory of infomax principles, where we contribute by computing first order optimality conditions of the entropy distance.

Weis, Stephan; Knauf, Andreas

2012-10-01

394

An RFID Distance Bounding Protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radio-frequency identification tokens, such as contactless smartcards, are vulnerable to relay attacks if they are used for proximity authentication. Attackers can circumvent the limited range of the radio channel using transponders that forward exchanged signals over larger distances. Cryptographic distance-bounding protocols that measure accurately the round-trip delay of the radio signal provide a possible countermeasure. They infer an upper bound

Gerhard P. Hancke; Markus G. Kuhn

2005-01-01

395

Distance learning through computer conferences.  

PubMed

Computer conferencing offers a new delivery mode for distance education for nurses. This qualitative study examined the experiences of post-RN students taking a nursing course by computer conference. Initially, the students found the technology frustrating, but once they established contact, they appreciated participating in discussions and scheduling their own learning time. They formed a cohesive, friendly group through the computer system. Comparisons are made among computer conferencing and other distance delivery modes for nurses. PMID:7854620

Cragg, C E

1994-01-01

396

Distance education and the integration of E-learning in a graduate program.  

PubMed

Historically, distance education consisted of a combination of face-to-face blocks of time and surface mailed packages. However, advances in information technology literacy and the abundance of personal computers has placed e-learning in increased demand. The authors describe the planning, implementation, and evaluation of the blending of e-learning with face-to-face education in the postgraduate nursing forum. Experiences of this particular student group are also discussed. PMID:17542173

Lewis, Peter A; Price, Susan

2007-01-01

397

A normalized Levenshtein distance metric.  

PubMed

Although a number of normalized edit distances presented so far may offer good performance in some applications, none of them can be regarded as a genuine metric between strings because they do not satisfy the triangle inequality. Given two strings X and Y over a finite alphabet, this paper defines a new normalized edit distance between X and Y as a simple function of their lengths (|X| and |Y|) and the Generalized Levenshtein Distance (GLD) between them. The new distance can be easily computed through GLD with a complexity of O(|X|.|Y|) and it is a metric valued in [0, 1] under the condition that the weight function is a metric over the set of elementary edit operations with all costs of insertions/deletions having the same weight. Experiments using the AESA algorithm in handwritten digit recognition show that the new distance can generally provide similar results to some other normalized edit distances and may perform slightly better if the triangle inequality is violated in a particular data set. PMID:17431306

Yujian, Li; Bo, Liu

2007-06-01

398

Transportation Futuristics: Visionary Designs in Transportation Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The human imagination would seem to recognize few boundaries when thinking about interesting forms of transportation, especially some of the rather creative ideas (both proposed and realized) that are contained within this novel and compelling online exhibit created by the staff at the Harmer E. Davis Transportation Library at the University of California at Berkeley. Many of the futuristic designs highlighted within this exhibit were envisioned as ways to overcome existing transportation problems, such as distance, space considerations, and other key factors. The pieces of material culture (such as advertisements, design renderings, and the like) contained here are divided into several sections, such as automotive, helicopter, monorails, and the aptly named "Oddities" area. For transportation buffs or those with an interest in the history of technology, the "Oddities" area should not be missed. Here visitors will find an illustration of the proposed "flying saucer bus" and the intriguing "transplanetary subway", which was supposed to have stretched from New York to Los Angeles.

2005-11-06

399

75 FR 70132 - New Incentive Programs and Other Changes for Domestic Mailing Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...pieces that are part of full-service Intelligent Mail [supreg] automation mailings...conditions. Reply pieces must bear an Intelligent Mail barcode as of May 1, 2011. This...reply pieces must bear an accurate Intelligent Mail barcode corresponding to the...

2010-11-17

400

Get me off Your Fucking Mailing List David Mazi`eres and Eddie Kohler  

E-print Network

Get me off Your Fucking Mailing List David Mazi`eres and Eddie Kohler New York University University of California, Los Angeles http://www.mailavenger.org/ Abstract Get me off your fucking mailing list. Get me off your fucking mailing list. Get me off your fuck- ing mailing list. Get me off your

Kohler, Eddie

401

An Automation of Mail Channels Nicholas M. Boers and Pawel Gburzynski  

E-print Network

proposed here, the Spam Free Mail (SFM) service,1 automates the creation of mail channels. SFM proposed here supports the automatic creation of mail channels in two instances. Users implicitly create them when they send mail to new correspondents. External users initiate their creation when they first

Gburzynski, Pawel

402

Nonresponse Error in Mail Surveys: Top Ten Problems  

PubMed Central

Conducting mail surveys can result in nonresponse error, which occurs when the potential participant is unwilling to participate or impossible to contact. Nonresponse can result in a reduction in precision of the study and may bias results. The purpose of this paper is to describe and make readers aware of a top ten list of mailed survey problems affecting the response rate encountered over time with different research projects, while utilizing the Dillman Total Design Method. Ten nonresponse error problems were identified, such as inserter machine gets sequence out of order, capitalization in databases, and mailing discarded by postal service. These ten mishaps can potentiate nonresponse errors, but there are ways to minimize their frequency. Suggestions offered stem from our own experiences during research projects. Our goal is to increase researchers' knowledge of nonresponse error problems and to offer solutions which can decrease nonresponse error in future projects. PMID:21994846

Daly, Jeanette M.; Jones, Julie K.; Gereau, Patricia L.; Levy, Barcey T.

2011-01-01

403

Successful Practices in the Use of Secure E-mail  

PubMed Central

Physician use of secure e-mail with patients is anticipated to increase under Stage 2 Meaningful Use requirements, but little is known about how physicians can successfully incorporate it into daily work. We interviewed 27 “super user” physicians at Kaiser Permanente and Group Health who were identified by leaders as being technologically, operationally, and clinically adept and as having high levels of secure e-mail use with patients. They highly valued the use of secure e-mail with patients, despite concerns about a lack of adequate time to respond, and provided tips for using it successfully. They identified benefits that included better care and improved relationships with their patients. PMID:24937149

Johnson, Laura W; Garrido, Terhilda; Christensen, Kate; Handley, Matt

2014-01-01

404

49 CFR 236.529 - Roadway element inductor; height and distance from rail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...element inductor; height and distance from rail. 236.529 Section 236.529 Transportation...element inductor; height and distance from rail. Inductor of the inert roadway element...height above the plane of the tops of the rails, and with its inner edge at a...

2010-10-01

405

49 CFR 236.529 - Roadway element inductor; height and distance from rail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...element inductor; height and distance from rail. 236.529 Section 236.529 Transportation...element inductor; height and distance from rail. Inductor of the inert roadway element...height above the plane of the tops of the rails, and with its inner edge at a...

2012-10-01

406

Comparison of Exact Algorithms for Rectilinear Distance Single-Source Capacitated Multi-Facility Weber Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem statement: The objective of this study is to develop efficien t exact algorithms for a single source capacitated multi-facility location problem with rectilinear distance. This problem is concerned with locating m capacitated facilities in the two dimensional plane to satisfy the demand of n customers with minimum total transportation cost which is proportional to the rectilinear distance between the

Chansiri Singhtaun; Peerayuth Charnsethikul

2010-01-01

407

Construction of language models for an handwritten mail reading system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a system for the recognition of unconstrained handwritten mails. The main part of this system is an HMM recognizer which uses trigraphs to model contextual information. This recognition system does not require any segmentation into words or characters and directly works at line level. To take into account linguistic information and enhance performance, a language model is introduced. This language model is based on bigrams and built from training document transcriptions only. Different experiments with various vocabulary sizes and language models have been conducted. Word Error Rate and Perplexity values are compared to show the interest of specific language models, fit to handwritten mail recognition task.

Morillot, Olivier; Likforman-Sulem, Laurence; Grosicki, Emmanuèle

2012-01-01

408

Measuring distances between complex networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A previously introduced concept of higher order neighborhoods in complex networks, [R.F.S. Andrade, J.G.V. Miranda, T.P. Lobão, Phys. Rev. E 73 (2006) 046101] is used to define a distance between networks with the same number of nodes. With such measure, expressed in terms of the matrix elements of the neighborhood matrices of each network, it is possible to compare, in a quantitative way, how far apart in the space of neighborhood matrices two networks are. The distance between these matrices depends on both the network topologies and the adopted node numberings. While the numbering of one network is fixed, a Monte Carlo algorithm is used to find the best numbering of the other network, in the sense that it minimizes the distance between the matrices. The minimal value found for the distance reflects differences in the neighborhood structures of the two networks that arise only from distinct topologies. This procedure ends up by providing a projection of the first network on the pattern of the second one. Examples are worked out allowing for a quantitative comparison for distances among distinct networks, as well as among distinct realizations of random networks.

Andrade, Roberto F. S.; Miranda, José G. V.; Pinho, Suani T. R.; Lobão, Thierry Petit

2008-08-01

409

Long-Distance Transport of 2,4-D  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ambient 2,4-D herbicide concentrations in south-central Washington's grape growing areas can reach damaging levels due to aerial 2,4-D applications to wheat fields tens of miles removed from the affected areas. An atmospheric 2,4-D sampling study was conducted by WSU during the spring months of 1973 and 1974. Eight 2,4-D sampler sites were operated on a more or less continuous basis

L. M. Reisinger; E. Robinson

1976-01-01

410

Distance-dependent defensive coloration.  

PubMed

Camouflage and warning coloration are usually viewed as alternative defensive strategies at opposite ends of the conspicuousness continuum. However, camouflage is compromised by factors such as habitat heterogeneity and motion [1], and aposematism bears the cost of ineffectiveness against ignorant, hasty or nutritionally stressed predators [2]. To reduce these costs, it has been suggested that camouflage and warning coloration can be combined by the use of patterns that are detectable at different distances [3]. This hypothesis finds support in experiments on humans searching for photographs of animals on computer screens [4-6]. Using spatial frequency blending, a technique developed in computer graphics [7], we show that such distance-dependent defences are effective under field conditions against natural, avian predators. We isolate the mechanism as concealment-at-a-distance and avoidance-close-up. This supports the argument that color patterns need not be optimised for one defensive strategy, and that signals may change with viewing conditions. PMID:25514004

Barnett, James B; Cuthill, Innes C

2014-12-15

411

Teaching and Learning at a Distance: Foundations of Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, which is an introductory-level textbook for preservice or inservice teachers, examines the foundations and practice of distance education (DE) and explains how to determine when DE is appropriate. The following are among the topics discussed in the book's 12 chapters: (1) foundations of DE (DE today and tomorrow, media in education,…

Simonson, Michael; Smaldino, Sharon; Albright, Michael; Zvacek, Susan

412

and Evolution. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Molecular Biology  

E-print Network

and Evolution. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals and its contribution to genome evolution in eukaryotes remain poorly appreciated. Here we provide evidence of the turtles (7 species from 7 families) and crocodiles (4 species) examined. Genetic distances between SPIN

Feschotte, Cedric

413

Distance to the Coma Cluster  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report Hubble Space Telescope observations of the bright E0 galaxy NGC 4881 in the Coma Cluster. Eight 900-second exposures were obtained with WFPC2 in the F555W (V) passband and eight in the F814W (I) passband. Photometry of the globular clusters surrounding NGC 4881 provides an improved estimate of the distance to Coma. Since the redshift of Coma (mean = 6942 km/sec) is large compared with regional departures from a smooth Hubble flow, the distance to Coma has direct implications concerning H_0.

Baum, W. A.; Hammergren, M.; Light, R. M.; Ewald, S. P.; Groth, E. J.; Ajhar, E. A.; Lauer, T. R.; Lynds, C. R.; O'Neil, E. J.; Holtzman, J. A.; Faber, S. M.; Grillmair, C. J.

1994-05-01

414

Presumption of death by air medical transport teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate nationwide trends and factors influencing the determination of death practice by rotor-wing air medical transport programs. Methods: A survey was mailed to all Association of Air Medical Service members concerning demographics, crew configuration, team leader, patient population, field death determination protocols, and other possible associated factors. All rotor-wing air medical transport

Kenneth J. Robinson; Dianne M. Murphy; Lenworth M. Jacobs

2003-01-01

415

7 CFR 319.41-6 - Importations by mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Indian Corn or Maize, Broomcorn, and Related Plants...importations are permitted by mail of (a) mature corn on the cob from the countries specified...41-1(b)(2), (b) clean shelled corn and clean seed of the other plants...

2011-01-01

416

7 CFR 319.41-6 - Importations by mail.  

...AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Indian Corn or Maize, Broomcorn, and Related Plants...importations are permitted by mail of (a) mature corn on the cob from the countries specified...41-1(b)(2), (b) clean shelled corn and clean seed of the other plants...

2014-01-01

417

7 CFR 319.41-6 - Importations by mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Indian Corn or Maize, Broomcorn, and Related Plants...importations are permitted by mail of (a) mature corn on the cob from the countries specified...41-1(b)(2), (b) clean shelled corn and clean seed of the other plants...

2013-01-01

418

7 CFR 319.41-6 - Importations by mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Indian Corn or Maize, Broomcorn, and Related Plants...importations are permitted by mail of (a) mature corn on the cob from the countries specified...41-1(b)(2), (b) clean shelled corn and clean seed of the other plants...

2012-01-01

419

E-Mail in the Writing Class: Promoting Student Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Valparaiso University (Indiana) computer network was used to investigate the use of campus electronic mail to encourage students in English-as-a-Second-Language reading and writing classes to increase communication among themselves, to make homework assignments more interesting, and to familiarize students with on-line composing and editing.…

Allen, Marjorie

420

Peter C. Chu Mail Code: OC/Cu  

E-print Network

Oceanography Section, 2004-2005 · Co-Chairman, Military Operations Research Society WG-16 (Military;Oceanography, 1995-1997 · Military Operations Research Society (MORS) Analysis RequiremenPeter C. Chu Professor Mail Code: OC/Cu Department of Oceanography Graduate School of Engineering

421

Therapeutic neuroscience education via e-mail: a case report.  

PubMed

Therapeutic neuroscience education (TNE) aims to alter a patient's thoughts and beliefs about pain and has shown efficacy in treating chronic pain. To date, TNE sessions mainly consist of one-on-one verbal communication. This approach limits availability of TNE to pain patients in remote areas. A 32-year-old patient with chronic low back pain (CLBP) who underwent surgery for thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) attended a single clinic one-on-one TNE session followed by TNE via electronic mail (e-mail), pacing and graded exposure over a 4-month period. A physical examination, Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH), and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) were assessed during her initial physical therapy visit as well as 1 and 4 months later. Pre-TNE, the patient reported: NPRS (arm)?=?7/10; NPRS (leg)?=?4/10; ODI?=?10.0%; DASH?=?36.7%; FABQ-W?=?24; and FABQ-PA?=?17. After 5 e-mail sessions all outcome measures improved, most noticeably NRS (arm)?=?2/10; NRS (leg)?=?0/10; DASH?=?16.7%; FABQ-W?=?8; and FABQ-PA?=?7. TNE can potentially be delivered to suffering pain patients in remote areas or to individuals who have time and financial constraints, and likely at a significant reduced cost via e-mail. PMID:24779489

Louw, Adriaan

2014-11-01

422

76 FR 53056 - Outbound International Mailings of Lithium Batteries  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...equipment with lithium metal or lithium-ion batteries in accordance with Packing Instruction...the mail. 135.63 Secondary Lithium-ion (Rechargeable) Cells and Batteries. Small consumer-type lithium-ion cells and batteries like those used...

2011-08-25

423

E-Mail karger@karger.com Original Paper  

E-print Network

, they are consistent with a role for AR in regulating some differences between sexes in the display of reproductive, T maintains a number of sex differences in the brain in adulthood, and regulates seasonal changes in sexual beE-Mail karger@karger.com Original Paper Brain Behav Evol 2014;84:303­314 DOI: 10

Wade, Juli

424

Ali Akturk1 e-mail: akturkali@gmail.com  

E-print Network

-mail: cxc11@psu.edu Turbomachinery Aero-Heat Transfer Laboratory, Department Aerospace Engineering of rotor blades and tip vortex was effectively reduced and the aerodynamic performance of the rotor blades was improved. The overall aerodynamic gain was a measurable reduction in leakage mass flow rate. This leakage

Camci, Cengiz

425

Log-normal statistics in e-mail communication patterns  

E-print Network

Following up on Barabasi's recent letter to Nature [435, 207--211 (2005)], we systematically investigate the time series of e-mail usage for 3,188 users at a university. We focus on two quantities for each user: the time interval between consecutively sent e-mails (interevent time), and the time interval between when a user sends an e-mail and when a recipient sends an e-mail back to the original sender (waiting time). We perform a standard Bayesian model selection analysis that demonstrates that the interevent times are well-described by a single log-normal while the waiting times are better described by the superposition of two log-normals. Our analysis rejects the possibility that either measure could be described by truncated power-law distributions with exponent $\\alpha \\simeq 1$. We also critically evaluate the priority queuing model proposed by Barab\\'asi to describe the distribution of the waiting times. We show that neither the assumptions nor the predictions of the model are plausible, and conclude ...

Stouffer, D B; Núñez-Amaral, L A; Stouffer, Daniel B.; Amaral, Luis A. N.

2006-01-01

426

Postdoctorate e-mail: zxu@blwtl.uwo.ca  

E-print Network

Research Director e-mail: hmh@blwtl.uwo.ca The Boundary Layer Wind Tunnel Laboratory, University of Western Jets Various types of impinging jet flows are analytically modeled using inviscid free Gaussian jet, and streamline plots are calculated for circular, plane, and annular impinging jets. The models show excellent

Yu, Pei

427

OptOgenetics * E-mail: deissero@stanford.edu  

E-print Network

OptOgenetics * E-mail: deissero@stanford.edu 1 Department of Bioengineering, 2 Neurosciences and richness of experimental readout. Yet application of new optogenetic tools in the rat system has been have now largely been overcome, and the neuroscience community is applying optogenetic techniques

Schnitzer, Mark

428

EILEEN J. KLADIVKO Mailing Address: Department of Agronomy  

E-print Network

EILEEN J. KLADIVKO Mailing Address: Department of Agronomy Lilly Hall of Life Sciences 915 W. State@purdue.edu FAX: (765) 496-2926 Education: B.S. Environmental Science Purdue University 1975 M.S. Agronomy Purdue University of Poznan, Poznan, Poland. 1994-present Professor, Agronomy Dept., Purdue University 1988

Jackson, Scott A.

429

Colleges Get out of E-Mail Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frantic troubleshooting by an overworked staff versus someone else fixing problems smoothly. A sliver of server space per person versus a five-gigabyte chunk. Half a million dollars versus free. That's what colleges are faced with as they decide whether to continue running their own e-mail services or outsource them to a professional service like…

Carnevale, Dan

2008-01-01

430

Yunsheng Xu e-mail: yxx0959@yahoo.com  

E-print Network

. Chung e-mail: ddlchung@acsu.buffalo.edu Composite Materials Research Laboratory, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14260-4400 Lithium Doped Polyethylene- Glycol-Based Thermal. percent optimum), as well as water and N, N-dimethylformamide for helping the dissociation of the salt

Chung, Deborah D.L.

431

76 FR 3679 - Market Test of Marketing Mail Made Easy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service proposal to conduct a 2-year market test involving the sale of Marketing Mail Made Easy. This document describes the proposed test, addresses procedural aspects of the filing, and invites public...

2011-01-20

432

Campus Card and Mail Services University of Maryland, Baltimore County  

E-print Network

Campus Card and Mail Services University of Maryland, Baltimore County 1000 Hilltop Circle D-Cardholders and D-Card Supervisors FROM: Campus Card Office RE: New Procedure to Request Funds for Your D-Card DATE: July 12, 2012 Effective immediately for FY13, the procedure for adding funds to your

Adali, Tulay

433

19 CFR 191.165 - No exportation by mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

19 ? Customs Duties ? 2 ? 2010-04-01 ? 2010-04-01 ? false ? No exportation by mail. ? 191.165 ? Section 191.165 ? Customs Duties ? U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ? DRAWBACK ? Distilled Spirits, Wines, or Beer Which...

2010-04-01

434

E-mail and the Unexpected Power of Interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This is a true fable about Merlin, the infinitely intelligent but never trusted magician; and Arthur, the reasonable but impatient sovereign with an occasional unorthodox request; about the concept of an efficient proof; about polynomials and interpolation, electronic mail, coin flipping, anincredible power of interaction. About MIP, IP, #Pp PSPACE, NEXPTIME, and new techniques that do not relativize. About

László Babai

1990-01-01

435

Electronic Mail Reference Services in the Public Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes results of an exploratory survey that examined public library electronic mail reference services and the patrons who used them. Discusses results of print questionnaires and Web-based questionnaires that investigated user satisfaction and classified email reference questions received by public libraries. Library questionnaire and web…

Garnsey, Beth A.; Powell, Ronald R.

2000-01-01

436

A Distance Learning Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To address diminishing resources and increased training demands, the Operational Training Unit (OTU) of the Federal Bureau of Investigation has saved almost $2 million by developing a distance education course to replace one full week of training at the FBI Academy. Discussion focuses on major issues faced by OTU in designing/delivering this…

Boord, Patricia M.

1998-01-01

437

Serial Computations of Levenshtein Distances  

Microsoft Academic Search

sequence (LCS) of thosestrings. If D is the simple Levenshtein distance between two strings havinglengths m and n, SES is the length of the shortest edit sequence betweenthe strings, and L is the length of an LCS of the strings, then SES = Dand L = (m + n 0D)=2. We will focus on the problem of determining thelength of

Dan Hirschberg

1997-01-01

438

Distance Education and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the current status of postsecondary distance education (DE) in the United States and Canada, focusing on ways in which DE can be used to further local or national policy goals. Presents four examples of DE policies and programs, each representing a different focus (laissez-faire, consortium, coordinating board, and comprehensive). (MDM)

Zeller, Nancy

1995-01-01

439

Distance Learning and Technology Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brevard Community College (BCC), in Florida, undertook a review of enrollment, social and workplace trends, and institutional capabilities to determine opportunities, barriers, and implications for the institution in implementing distance education (DE) and instructional technology. Trends analyzed included enrollment shifts toward older students,…

King, Maxwell C.

440

Distance Education and Organizational Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As distance education models in social work education continue to grow, this study addresses prevalence and type of models in graduate social work programs and the perceptions of deans about the future of e-learning models of curriculum delivery. The study was an exploratory sequential mixed-methods design including a national survey of 121…

East, Jean F.; LaMendola, Walter; Alter, Catherine

2014-01-01

441

Distance Education: Professional Staff Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the relevance and cost-effectiveness of the use of mass media for spreading education and the dissemination of information needed to sustain growth and technological progress in developing countries. An overview of experiments with the use of radio and television for educational purposes provides brief descriptions of distance…

Sharma, Motilal

442

Distance learning for hospital managers.  

PubMed

Telemedicine technology enabled this class to meet. The Chapel Hill instructor could not have traveled to Scotland Neck for the classes, and the class members could not have taken time away from their jobs to travel to Chapel Hill. The technology allowed the participants to fit the classes into their schedules. For the group of managers at this small, isolated hospital, the experience of participating in a management class with an expert was a positive one. They were introduced to standard management practices, learned new skills, and formed a support group/team onsite. The students felt close to the leader, yet the physical distance made her an outsider in a way that encouraged frankness. The technology seemed to foster the best of both worlds--intimacy, yet physical distance and, thus, safety. These new managers were able to take part in a course that taught tangible skills for improving their job performance and, more important, afforded access to resources outside of Halifax County. They were able to step away from their daily routine and interact with outsiders and each other in new ways, without the stress and expense of travel. The results of this pilot study indicate that distance learning is feasible for courses of this kind. Staff burnout and turnover are chronic problems in rural facilities, with isolation contributing to job dissatisfaction. Distance learning offers exciting possibilities for addressing these problems in healthcare settings across the country. PMID:10847928

Whitener, L; Stevens, C; Cochran, K; Thompson, B G; Williams, M E

1999-01-01

443

Measuring Distances Using Digital Cameras  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a generic method of calculating accurate horizontal and vertical object distances from digital images taken with any digital camera and lens combination, where the object plane is parallel to the image plane or tilted in the vertical plane. This method was developed for a project investigating the size, density and spatial…

Kendal, Dave

2007-01-01

444

Cooperative Distance Learning in Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we report on two complementary research results. In the first we describe a tool that allows different modes of synchronous distance teaching of mathematics. In the second we report the preliminary results of a pilot study conducted using this tool to teach geometry, both with school students aged 14-15 and with undergraduate…

Guimaraes, Luiz Carlos; Moraes, Thiago Guimaraes; Mattos, Francisco Roberto Pinto

2005-01-01

445

ICMES at very large distances  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews recent work on the observations and evolution of interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) in the outer heliosphere. Several case studies are shown following ICMEs or their preceding shocks from 1 AU to Voyager 2 at large (>50 AU) distances. Low temperature\\/speed ratios and high helium abundances have been used to create lists of ICMEs. We combine lists

J. D. Richardson; Ying D. Liu; C. Wang; L. F. Burlaga

2006-01-01

446

The Future of Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines factors that will influence how distance education is practiced in the first few decades of this new century. Discusses developments in digital technology; the exponential growth of knowledge about the brain, as well as physiology, chemistry, and psychology of learning; the system relationship between individual learners and instructors;…

Saba, Farhad

2000-01-01

447

Overcoming the Tyranny of Distance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Edith Cowan University (Perth, Western Australia) has introduced a Bachelor of Science degree in Library Technology, a three-year distance education program with no residency requirement and the first Australian degree for library technicians. This article describes the program and its use of the World Wide Web for flexible course delivery,…

Clayden, Judy

1998-01-01

448

Systems Engineering Distance Learning Programs  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Distance Learning Programs by Prof Ron Carlson Department of Systems and Technology WASC Western Associa-on of Schools and Colleges #12;2 Systems Engineering DL · 721- Joint Executive Systems Engineering Management (SEM-PD21) · 311- Non- Resident Systems

449

Going the Distance. On Assignment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Iowa has the only state-owned and operated telecommunications network in the nation. The fiber-optic network allows schools both Internet access and true interactive televised communication. The network's many advantages to rural schools include the course-sharing league in western Iowa, which has worked through various difficulties of distance…

Trotter, Andrew

1999-01-01

450

Going the Distance: Active Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growth and development of distance learning (DL) programs is on the rise. This review examines the literature looking for instructional techniques and methods for the teacher desiring to use DL technology to maximize student achievement and cognitive development and to increase student interaction. The three major relationships within the…

Notar, Charles E.; Restauri, Sherri; Wilson, Janell D.; Friery, Kathleen A.

451

Quality Connection: Going the Distance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999, Virginia Beach City Public Schools launched a completely new distance learning (DL) initiative, Quality Connection. Since that time, through perseverance and creative thinking, the program has become a model of technology as well as a highly successful method of delivering services to a wide variety of stakeholders. Not only do students…

Jenney, Timothy R.; Roupas, Eva K.

2003-01-01

452

Distance Learning Aviation Course 1  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

DLAC1, a distance learning course on forecasting fog and low stratus for aviation operations, is designed to give forecasters a comprehensive understanding of the physical mechanisms, synoptic patterns, and mesoscale features involved in fog/stratus generation and dissipation, as well as the latest forecast tools used to predict these challenging events.

Spangler, Tim

453

Long distance tracking of birds  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The application of radio telemetry techniques to the long distance tracking of birds is discussed. The types of equipment developed and methods for attachment to a bird are described. The operating range of the radio transmitter receiver system is examined, and methods for acquiring and analyzing the data are explained.

Cochran, W. W.

1972-01-01

454

Distance Learners: Welcome to Campus!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Old Dominion University's distance learning program, called TELETECHNET, brings the main-campus college experience to geographically distant learners at sites across Virginia and as far away as the state of Washington, as well as to military personnel on Navy bases, carriers, and submarines. In an interesting turnabout, the Summer Institute for…

Schwitzer, Alan M.; Duggan, Mary H.

2005-01-01

455

Lessons in Developing Distance Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of video teletraining (VTT) for distance learning in the Department of Defense. Topics include planning and organizing the VTT facility, staff development, site facilitators, the necessity of protocol, instructional design and development strategies, student involvement and interactivity, and evaluation and assessment. (LRW)

Gant, Lenora Peters

1996-01-01

456

A bi-parameter distance criterion for flange climb derailment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transportation Technology Center, Inc. (TTCI), a wholly owned subsidiary of the Association of American Railroads (AAR), has developed a bi-parameter flange climb distance criterion for vehicles with an AAR-IB wheel\\/AREMA 136-pound rail profile combination. This criterion is based on tests and simulation results using TTCFs track loading vehicle (TLV) and a NUCARS™ simulation model. The bi-linear characteristics between the transformed

Xinggao Shu; Nicholas Wilson; Huimin Wu; John Tunna

2005-01-01

457

The Intractability of Computing the Hamming Distance  

E-print Network

The Intractability of Computing the Hamming Distance Bodo Manthey 1,, R¨udiger Reischuk Universit Abstract Given a string x and a language L, the Hamming distance of x to L is the minimum Hamming distance prove that there is a language in AC0 such that both Hamming and edit distance to this language are hard

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

458

Learner characteristics involved in distance learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distance learning represents a strategy for leveraging resources to solve educational and training needs. Although many distance learning programs have been developed, lessons learned regarding differences between distance learning and traditional education with respect to learner characteristics have not been well documented. Therefore, we conducted a survey of 20 distance learning professionals. The questionnaire was distributed to experts attending the

A. T. Cernicek; H. A. Hahn

1991-01-01

459

Distance Education in Papua New Guinea.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theme of this special double serial issue is "Distance Education in Papua New Guinea." The following articles are featured: (1) "Distance Education in Papua New Guinea" (John Lynch); (2) "Distance Education in Papua New Guinea: Context, Issues and Prospects" (Michael Crossley and Richard Guy); (3) "Distance Education at the University of Papua…

Avalos, Beatrice, Ed.

1991-01-01

460

Integrated Services Digital Networks and Distance Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The future economic advancement of countries depends on an expanded skilled workforce. Current, conventional educational systems are unlikely to be able to provide the expansion on the scale needed. However, distance education, or distance independent learning can address this need. Distance education has a symbiotic relationship with information technology. New Zealand is a world leader in distance education, and its

Lalita Rajasingham

1990-01-01

461

Euclidean distance between syntactically linked words  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the Euclidean distance between syntactically linked words in sentences. The average distance is significantly small and is a very slowly growing function of sentence length. We consider two nonexcluding hypotheses: (a) the average distance is minimized and (b) the average distance is constrained. Support for (a) comes from the significantly small average distance real sentences achieve. The strength of the minimization hypothesis decreases with the length of the sentence. Support for (b) comes from the very slow growth of the average distance versus sentence length. Furthermore, (b) predicts, under ideal conditions, an exponential distribution of the distance between linked words, a trend that can be identified in real sentences.

Ferrer I Cancho, Ramon

2004-11-01

462

Distance-mediated spatial neglect.  

PubMed

Unilateral spatial neglect (USN) is usually assessed by means of individual stimuli or single arrays of stimuli. Seldom are stimuli presented as multiple objects or in spatially separated blocks, except in some tests for object-based neglect. The distance between individual objects or blocks of stimuli in such stimuli is implicitly considered irrelevant. We report on the case of a patient, EC, who showed severe USN in his everyday behavior, yet performed normally on standard tests for USN. Presented with stimuli in separate blocks, he performed flawlessly with 4 cm gaps between blocks, yet ignored all leftward blocks of stimuli when the gap was larger than this. EC's dissociation between good performance on standard tasks and severe neglect with separate groups of stimuli, and the distance-mediated nature of his USN are novel observations with relevant theoretical and clinical implications. PMID:23548033

Cubelli, Roberto; Della Sala, Sergio; Beschin, Nicoletta; McIntosh, Robert D

2014-06-01

463

Intercontinental Transport of Air Pollution  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of the global economy goes beyond raising our standards of living. We are in an ear of increasing environmental as well as economic interdependence. Long-range transport of anthropogenic atmospheric pollutants such as ozone, ozone precursors, airborne particles, heavy metals (such as mercury) and persistent organic pollutants are the four major types of pollution that are transported over intercontinental distances and have global environmental effects. The talk includes: 1) an overview of the international agreements related to intercontinental transport of air pollutants, 2) information needed for decision making, 3) overview of the past research on intercontinental transport of air pollutants - a North American's perspective, and 4) future research needs.

Rogers, David; Whung, Pai-Yei; Einaudi, Franco (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

464

Section's e-mail list keeps members informed  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For years the geomagnetic/paleomagnetic community has used an e-mail list as an important means of communication. It was started by Sue Beske-Diehl and turned over to AGU management 3 years ago. Submissions to the list (gpmag@agu.org) are sent to ltauxe@wizard.ucsd.edu, who reviews them for suitability and sends them out to the recipients of the e-mail list. The recipients are distributed among two separate lists. The first is drawn from those identified as GP section members in the online membership directory at AGU and the second is a private list maintained by Lisa Tauxe. Anyone can be added to the latter on request (ltauxe@ucsd.edu).

Tauxe, Lisa

465

Stability of Four Commercial Products Delivered by Mail Order.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the stability of four commercial tablets commonly shipped via mail-order delivery. The products were: enalapril maleate 10-mg tablets, digoxin 0.25-mg tablets, clorazepate dipotassium 7.5 mg-tablets, and pyridostigmine bromide 60-mg tablets. The stability studies were conducted at 50 deg C, and tablets were exposed for three, seven and 14 days to that temperature. The results demonstrated that all tablets studied were stable in these conditions for their exposure time. Therefore, it appears that all the tablets remained stable and could be used with confidence in mail-order delivery provided the original product packaging is not compromised. PMID:23985448

Hadzija, Boka W; Shrewsbury, Robert P

1999-01-01

466

Business evolution or revolution? Mail-order pharmacies in Germany.  

PubMed

It is an interesting detail of the present reform of national public health service in Germany that mail-order and internet pharmacies will be founded in future as new (e-commerce) business models. Main points of conceivable business systems can be characterised as well as critical success factors. No potential participant can ever have all the necessary resources and competences to implement a competitive business system without external support. This is why cooperation seems to be a useful tool for competence management. The Resource-based View will serve as theoretical background for analysis. The required and available competences of conceivable players can be identified. Features of resources can be described that recommend special types of cooperation with the intention of establishing and operate a business system. Especially German and international pharmaceutical wholesalers can be identified as conceivable "parents" of mail-order pharmacies in the future. PMID:18048201

Gersch, Martin

2004-01-01

467

Active mail—a framework for implementing groupware  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most existing groupware products are either too passive or very intrusive. They either passively wait for user action or actively interfere with normal workstation activity by intruding on the user’s screen; they are one-sided push or pull mechanisms. A system for computer-mediated interaction, Active Mail obviates the dilemma with a protocol which enables a groupware application to involve a new

Yaron Goldberg; Marilyn Safran; Ehud Y. Shapiro

1992-01-01

468

Development of a Mailing List on Variable Stars, VSNET  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Various usages of the Internet have been developed and made remarkable progress these years, which is now dramatically changing the style of astronomical study. Among those, the maing list is thought to be most useful to study of unpredictable objects for the characteristics, especially rapidness and equality. We started a mailing list (VSNET) on variable stars, mainly on cataclysmic variables and supernovae, in 1994 July for mutual exchange of information and ideas between astronomers including professionals and amateurs. Up to now, the various articles have been distributed, for example, calls for follow up observations of transient objects discovered in the UV or X-ray region, calls for ground-based observations simultaneous with ones by the space telescopes, discoveries of supernovae, alert notices of outbursts in long dormant dwarf novae (EG Cnc, AL Com, UZ Boo, HT Cas, etc), and so on. You can get long-term light curves of variable stars drawn using VSNET data on the VSNET web pages http://www.kusastro.kyoto-u.ac.jp/vsnet/. The archives of VSNET mails are available via VSNET web pages and anonymous ftp ftp://ftp.kusastro.kyoto-u.ac.jp/pub/vsnet/Mail/. If you have any questions and suggestions on VSNET, please feel free to contact us (vsnet-adm@kusastro.kyoto-u.ac.jp).

Nogami, D.; Kato, T.; Baba, H.; Kunjaya, C.

469

Universal Access to E-Mail: Feasibility and Societal Implications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Universal Access to E-Mail: Feasibility and Societal Implications" by Robert H. Anderson, Tora K. Bikson, Sally Ann Law, and Bridger M. Mitchell; 1995; Rand Corporation; 267 pages, 24 tables, 18 figures; bibliography, is available for downloading from Rand Corporation's Web site. "This is the final report of a two-year RAND study. It is designed as a sourcebook on key social, technical, economic, and international issues related to providing universal access to e-mail within the United States. It is our hope that this report will help stimulate public policy discussions regarding the feasibility, desirability, and implications of universal e-mail access. Decision makers involved with such public policy issues are the primary audience for this report, but it should also be of interest to academic and business professionals involved with telecommunications policy and its social implications." The report is available in both HTML and .PDF (Adobe Acrobat) format. A free Acrobat Reader download site is available from the page.

Anderson, Robert H.; Bikson, Tora K.; Law, Sally A.; Mitchell, Bridger M.

1995-01-01

470

77 FR 19391 - Notice of Proposed Intelligent Mail Indicia Performance Criteria With Request for Comments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...POSTAL SERVICE Notice of Proposed Intelligent Mail Indicia Performance Criteria With Request for Comments...Information-Based Indicia Performance Criteria (IBI PC) with new Intelligent Mail Indicia Performance Criteria (IMI PC). DATES:...

2012-03-30

471

78 FR 69553 - Domestic Competitive Products Pricing and Mailing Standards Changes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Package Service prices will increase 5.0 percent. The Intelligent Mail[supreg] package barcode (IMpb) will continue...time of delivery. The relabeled item will be assigned a new Intelligent Mail package barcode (IMpb) applicable to the extra...

2013-11-20

472

16 CFR 1130.7 - Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail registration.  

...2014-01-01 false Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail...PRODUCTS § 1130.7 Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail...registration page. The manufacturer's Web site, or other Web site established...

2014-01-01

473

39 CFR 233.11 - Mail reasonably suspected of being dangerous to persons or property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Screening of mail. When the Chief Postal Inspector determines that there is a credible threat that certain mail may contain a bomb, explosives, or other material that would endanger life or property, including firearms which are not mailable...

2012-07-01

474

39 CFR 233.11 - Mail reasonably suspected of being dangerous to persons or property.  

...Screening of mail. When the Chief Postal Inspector determines that there is a credible threat that certain mail may contain a bomb, explosives, or other material that would endanger life or property, including firearms which are not mailable...

2014-07-01

475

39 CFR 233.11 - Mail reasonably suspected of being dangerous to persons or property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Screening of mail. When the Chief Postal Inspector determines that there is a credible threat that certain mail may contain a bomb, explosives, or other material that would endanger life or property, including firearms which are not mailable...

2010-07-01

476

78 FR 27908 - Federal Management Regulation (FMR); Mail Management; Financial Requirements for All Agencies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Management; Financial Requirements for All Agencies AGENCY: Office of Governmentwide...definition ``large agency'', requires all agencies to provide an annual mail management...mail manager responsibilities, recommends all agencies implement the process of...

2013-05-13

477

MAIL LOG, program theory, volume 1. [Scout project automatic data system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The program theory used to obtain the software package, MAIL LOG, developed for the Scout Project Automatic Data System, SPADS, is described. The program is written in FORTRAN for the PRIME 300 computer system. The MAIL LOG data base consists of three main subfiles: (1) incoming and outgoing mail correspondence; (2) design information releases and reports; and (3) drawings and engineering orders. All subroutine descriptions, flowcharts, and MAIL LOG outputs are given and the data base design is described.

Harris, D. K.

1979-01-01

478

E-Mail Authentication Is Here, but Has It Arrived Yet?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The explosion in spam and phishing attacks has cost victims time and money. The attacks have also dented public confidence in e-mail. Attempts to solve the problem by the multimillion-dollar mail-filtering industry or via legislation have failed. In light of this, companies such as Cisco Systems, Microsoft, and Yahoo are pursuing e-mail authentication, designed to determine whether mail has come

George Lawton

2005-01-01

479

On the Status of Distance Education in the World in the 1980s--A Preliminary Report on the Fernuniversitat Comparative Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A questionnaire developed in six languages--English, French, German, Polish, Russian, and Spanish--was mailed to more than 1,500 organizations known by the FernUniversitat in West Germany to be connected in some way to distance education, correspondence education, or home study. The study was undertaken as a response to the lack of systematic…

Holmberg, Borje

480

The Use of Video-Taped Lectures and Web-Based Communications in Teaching: A Distance-Teaching and Cross-Atlantic Collaboration Experiment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains distance education approach applied to the 'Engineering Design Problem Formulation' course simultaneously at the Delft University of Technology (the Netherlands) and at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU, Pittsburgh, USA). Uses video taped lessons, video conferencing, electronic mails and web-accessible document management system LIRE in the…

Herder, P. M.; Subrahmanian, E.; Talukdar, S.; Turk, A. L.; Westerberg, A. W.

2002-01-01

481

Inapproximability of (1,2)-Exemplar Distance.  

PubMed

Given two genomes possibly with duplicate genes, the exemplar distance problem is that of removing all but one copy of each gene in each genome, so as to minimize the distance between the two reduced genomes according to some measure. Let \\textsc{$(s,t)$-Exemplar Distance} denote the exemplar distance problem on two genomes $G_1$ and $G_2$ where each gene occurs at most $s$ times in $G_1$ and at most $t$ times in $G_2$. We show that the simplest non-trivial variant of the exemplar distance problem, \\textsc{$(1,2)$-Exemplar Distance}, is already hard to approximate for a wide variety of distance measures, including both popular genome rearrangement measures such as adjacency disruptions, signed reversals, and signed double-cut-and-joins, and classic string edit distance measures such as Levenshtein and Hamming distances. PMID:23209061

Bulteau, Laurent; Jiang, Minghui

2012-11-28

482

Inapproximability of (1,2)-exemplar distance.  

PubMed

Given two genomes possibly with duplicate genes, the exemplar distance problem is that of removing all but one copy of each gene in each genome, so as to minimize the distance between the two reduced genomes according to some measure. Let $((s,t))$-exemplar distance denote the exemplar distance problem on two genomes $(G_1)$ and $(G_2)$, where each gene occurs at most $(s)$ times in $(G_1)$ and at most $(t)$ times in $(G_2)$. We show that the simplest nontrivial variant of the exemplar distance problem, $((1,2))$-Exemplar Distance, is already hard to approximate for a wide variety of distance measures, including both popular genome rearrangement measures such as adjacency disruptions, signed reversals, and signed double-cut-and-joins, and classic string edit distance measures such as Levenshtein and Hamming distances. PMID:24407297

Bulteau, Laurent; Jiang, Minghui

2013-01-01

483

78 FR 23137 - Implementation of Full-Service Intelligent Mail Requirements for Automation Prices  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...111 Implementation of Full-Service Intelligent Mail Requirements for Automation Prices...2014, use of ``full-service'' Intelligent Mail[supreg] is required to qualify...mailers are required to use the 24-digit Intelligent Mail barcode (IMb TM ) format on...

2013-04-18

484

77 FR 63771 - Implementation of Full-Service Intelligent Mail Requirements for Automation Prices  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...111 Implementation of Full-Service Intelligent Mail Requirements for Automation Prices...2014, use of ``full-service'' Intelligent Mail[supreg] would be required to...would be required to use the 24-digit Intelligent Mail barcode (IMb TM ) format on...

2012-10-17

485

77 FR 25877 - Amendments to ONRR's Web Site and Mailing Addresses and Payment Definitions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 1012-AA10 Amendments to ONRR's Web Site and Mailing Addresses and Payment Definitions...to chapter XII. This final rule amends Web site and mailing addresses and payment definitions...this final rule, ONRR merely amends its Web site and mailing addresses and payment...

2012-05-02

486

75 FR 68430 - Domestic Shipping Services Pricing and Mailing Standards Changes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...viewing the Barcode, Package, Intelligent Mail (USPS2000508) Specification...Publication 91, Addendum for Intelligent Mail Package Barcode (IMpb...which may be accessed in Intelligent Mail Services on the RIBBS...the container provided the design of the container is...

2010-11-08

487

Journal of Applied Polymer Science Journal Copy of e-mail Notification  

E-print Network

Journal of Applied Polymer Science Journal Copy of e-mail Notification Journal of Applied Polymer reply e-mail to: APP Journal Team APPproofuser@wiley.com #12;Journal of Applied Polymer Science Journal) WITH ALL CORRESPONDENCE. Thank you. Sincerely, APP Journal Team E-mail: APPproofuser@wiley.com #12

488

Choose no life. Choose Lotus Notes. Choose no mail delivery. Choose no tech  

E-print Network

a fucking big mail spool, choose servers the size of washing machines, delivery delays, lost mail, and tinny of fucking unreliability levels. Choose random Notes servers and wonder where the fuck your mail, stuffing fucking junk food in your mouth. Choose rotting away at the end of it all, pishing your last

Gutmann, Peter

489

36 CFR 1236.22 - What are the additional requirements for managing electronic mail records?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...management requirements for electronic mail records: (1) The...must be preserved for each electronic mail record in order for...metadata is needed to meet agency business needs, e.g., receipt...information. (2) Attachments to electronic mail messages that are...

2012-07-01

490

36 CFR 1236.22 - What are the additional requirements for managing electronic mail records?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...management requirements for electronic mail records: (1) The...must be preserved for each electronic mail record in order for...metadata is needed to meet agency business needs, e.g., receipt...information. (2) Attachments to electronic mail messages that are...

2013-07-01

491

10-1 (6/24/02) 10.13 ELECTRONIC MAIL POLICY  

E-print Network

that all documents pertaining to the business of CSM, whether in paper or electronic form, be retained10-1 (6/24/02) 10.13 ELECTRONIC MAIL POLICY I. STATEMENT OF A UTHORITY A ND PURPOSE This policy guidelines for the responsible and efficient use of CSM electronic mail, hereinafter "E-mail," services

492

36 CFR 1236.22 - What are the additional requirements for managing electronic mail records?  

...management requirements for electronic mail records: (1) The...must be preserved for each electronic mail record in order for...metadata is needed to meet agency business needs, e.g., receipt...information. (2) Attachments to electronic mail messages that are...

2014-07-01

493

E-Mail Exchanges: Teaching Language, Culture, and Technology for the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom electronic mail (e-mail) exchanges between University College of the Cariboo (British Columbia), University of Wisconsin, University of Northeastern Illinois, and Carleton University (Ontario) college preparatory English-as-a-Second-Language students demonstrate that e-mail can be effective in teaching intercultural awareness, can create…

Ruhe, Valeria

1998-01-01

494

More than just a communication system: diversity in the use of electronic mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a series of interviews that focus on the ways that professional office workers use electronic mail to manage their daily work. A number of implications for the design of flexible mail systems are discussed.Two principal claims are made. First, electronic mail is more than just a communication system. In addition to supporting information management, it provides a

Wendy E. Mackay

1988-01-01

495

75 FR 22725 - Express Mail Next Day Delivery Postage Refund Amendment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 Express Mail Next Day Delivery Postage Refund Amendment AGENCY...conditions for Express Mail[supreg] Next Day Delivery postage refunds when shipments...delay or cancellation. Express Mail Next Day Delivery Postage refunds will not be...

2010-04-30

496

75 FR 36537 - Express Mail Next Day Delivery Postage Refund Amendment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 Express Mail Next Day Delivery Postage Refund Amendment AGENCY...conditions for Express Mail[supreg] Next Day Delivery postage refunds when shipments...revise the standards for Express Mail Next Day Delivery postage refunds during the...

2010-06-28

497

76 FR 68166 - Discontinuing the Mass Mailing of Paper Fee Schedules to Registered Attorneys, Agents, and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...PTO-C-2011-0054] Discontinuing the Mass Mailing of Paper Fee Schedules to Registered Attorneys...discontinuing the mass mailing of revised paper fee schedules to registered attorneys...has discontinued the mass mailing of the paper fee schedules. The current fee...

2011-11-03

498

Who votes alone? The impact of voting by mail on political discussion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critics of voting by mail express concern over its impact on civil society. For example, Thompson (2004) posits that voting by mail limits electoral civic engagement by preventing the temporal norm of simultaneity on Election Day. I, however, find that the open ballot system of voting by mail promotes deliberation, which encourages civic engagement. This study tests if voting by

Sean Richey

2005-01-01

499

FedEx DIPLOMA DELIVERY REQUEST RETURN FORM: BY MAIL TO  

E-print Network

FedEx DIPLOMA DELIVERY REQUEST RETURN FORM: BY MAIL TO: Diplomas 130 Coffey Hall, 1420 Eckles-624-4943 DIRECTIONS--Complete this form if you wish to have your original diploma delivered by FedEx. If this form is not completed, your diploma will be mailed by USPS first-class mail to U.S. addresses and by USPS airmail

Amin, S. Massoud

500

Growth and Water Transport in Fleshy Fruit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fruit volumetric growth is primarily the result of water accumulation, and hence maintenance of fruit growth requires coordination between long- distance water and solute transport through the vascular tissue, and short-distance water and solute uptake at the level of individual cells. One hypothesized coordinating principle is that for fruit growth to occur, there must be a favorable difference in total

M. A. Matthews; K. A. Shackel