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Sample records for doctoral thesis prepared

  1. [Albert Schwietzer's doctoral thesis].

    PubMed

    Gorn, M F

    1993-06-01

    A review on Albert Schweitzer's doctoral thesis "The psychiatric study on Jesus" and his analysis of the delirium of persecution, megalomania and hallucination in order to refuse different authors hypothesis about the Jesus, psychosis or paranoia. The author highlights the symbolism of Schweitzer's decision for studying medicine and dedicating his life and efforts to the full of need men of Africa so the importance of his philosophic studies on the western culture. PMID:11640683

  2. Lessons from a doctoral thesis.

    PubMed

    Peiris, A N; Mueller, R A; Sheridan, D P

    1990-01-01

    The production of a doctoral thesis is a time-consuming affair that until recently was done in conjunction with professional publishing services. Advances in computer technology have made many sophisticated desktop publishing techniques available to the microcomputer user. We describe the computer method used, the problems encountered, and the solutions improvised in the production of a doctoral thesis by computer. The Apple Macintosh was selected for its ease of use and intrinsic graphics capabilities. A scanner was used to incorporate text from published papers into a word processing program. The body of the text was updated and supplemented with new sections. Scanned graphics from the published papers were less suitable for publication, and the original data were replotted and modified with a graphics-drawing program. Graphics were imported and incorporated in the text. Final hard copy was produced by a laser printer and bound with both conventional and rapid new binding techniques. Microcomputer-based desktop processing methods provide a rapid and cost-effective means of communicating the written word. We anticipate that this evolving technology will have increased use by physicians in both the private and academic sectors. PMID:2308505

  3. Preparing for thesis and viva: some practicalities.

    PubMed

    Lee, Nancy-Jane

    2010-01-01

    Presenting a thesis and then undertaking the viva is challenging even for the most experienced of researchers. This paper offers stylistic practicalities, reflects on thesis and viva preparation, and discusses the research regulations and submission requirements of higher education institutions (HEIs). Issues such as the use of the first person, how best to locate research in the professional setting, research regulations and codes of practice are discussed, along with some guiding principles to enable effective viva preparation. It is derived from experience as a doctoral student, supervisor and examiner, and focuses on questions most frequently asked by doctoral students. PMID:20450089

  4. Towards a doctoral thesis through published works.

    PubMed

    Breimer, L H; Mikhailidis, D P

    1993-01-01

    Doctoral theses submitted in medical schools under a system dependent on publications (Sweden) and one which was not (UK) were compared. A subset consisting of UK theses containing papers (about 1/3 of all UK theses) was used. The publication-based theses gave candidates a significantly higher (P < 0.03) profile in terms of key authorship positions. Nevertheless, in 66% of the UK theses with papers the candidate was either the first or sole author. Swedish and UK theses with papers were of equal quality when assessed by the number of papers in journals: a) ranked in the top 100 (14% vs 10%) or 200 (26% vs 32%); or b) used more than once and either ranked in the top 1000 (median 224 vs 218) or in the top two thirds by subject section (98 vs 100%). UK theses benefitted from the greater impact of journals emanating from the UK compared to continental Europe (P < 0.001). An estimated 13% of UK PhD theses overall included three or more papers per thesis despite no requirement of publication. A publication-based doctorate should be introduced on trial in parallel with the existing systems to ensure efficiency and international comparability. PMID:8068863

  5. What Works for Doctoral Students in Completing Their Thesis?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindsay, Siân

    2015-01-01

    Writing a thesis is one of the most challenging activities that a doctoral student must undertake and can represent a barrier to timely completion. This is relevant in light of current and widespread concerns regarding doctoral completion rates. This study explored thesis writing approaches of students post or near Ph.D. completion through…

  6. An Investigation of Generic Structures of Pakistani Doctoral Thesis Acknowledgements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rofess, Sakander; Mahmood, Muhammad Asim

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates Pakistani doctoral thesis acknowledgements from genre analysis perspective. A corpus of 235 PhD thesis acknowledgements written in English was taken from Pakistani doctoral theses collected from eight different disciplines. HEC Research Repository of Pakistan was used as a data sources. The theses written by Pakistani…

  7. Importance and benefits of the doctoral thesis for medical graduates

    PubMed Central

    Giesler, Marianne; Boeker, Martin; Fabry, Götz; Biller, Silke

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: The majority of medical graduates in Germany complete a doctorate, even though a doctoral degree is not necessary for the practice of medicine. So far, little is known about doctoral candidates’ view on the individual benefit a doctoral thesis has for them. Consequently, this is the subject of the present investigation. Method: Data from surveys with graduates of the five medical faculties of Baden-Württemberg from the graduation years 2007/2008 (N=514) and 2010/2011 (N=598) were analysed. Results: One and a half years after graduating 53% of those interviewed had completed their doctorate. When asked about their motivation for writing a doctoral thesis, participants answered most frequently “a doctorate is usual” (85%) and “improvement of job opportunities” (75%), 36% said that an academic career has been their primary motive. Less than 10% responded that they used their doctoral thesis as a means to apply for a job. The proportion of graduates working in health care is equally large among those who have completed a thesis and those who have not. Graduates who pursued a thesis due to scientific interest are also currently more interested in an academic career and recognise more opportunities for research. An implicit benefit of a medical thesis emerged with regard to the self-assessment of scientific competences as those who completed a doctorate rated their scientific competencies higher than those who have not. Discussion: Although for the majority of physicians research interest is not the primary motivation for completing a doctorate, they might nevertheless achieve some academic competencies. For graduates pursuing an academic career the benefit of completing a medical thesis is more obvious. PMID:26958656

  8. Examining the Doctoral Thesis: A Discussion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Susan

    2008-01-01

    The examination of doctoral theses controls an important academic threshold, yet practices are often private, codes non-specific, and individuals isolated. This article adds to recent investigation of the examination culture by reporting informal panel discussion amongst a total of 23 University of Auckland (New Zealand) faculty members as to…

  9. Magnus Strandqvist: 50th anniversary of his doctoral thesis.

    PubMed

    Kajanti, M J

    1994-01-01

    This article is dedicated to Magnus Strandqvist's famous doctoral thesis "Studien über die kumulative Wirkung der Röntgenstrahlen bei Fraktionierung. Erfahrungen aus dem Radiumhemmet an 280 Haut- und Lippenkarzinomen" published in Acta Radiologica in 1944. After a short biography of Strandqvist some central points of his work and their influence on future development of modern radiotherapy are presented. PMID:7993639

  10. The Doctoral Thesis and Supervision: The Student Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiguwa, Peace; Langa, Malose

    2009-01-01

    The doctoral thesis constitutes both a negotiation of the supervision relationship as well as mastery and skill in participating in a specific community of practice. Two models of supervision are discussed: the technical rationality model with its emphasis on technical aspects of supervision, and the negotiated order model with an emphasis on…

  11. The "Write" Skills and More: A Thesis Writing Group for Doctoral Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferguson, Therese

    2009-01-01

    Writing groups facilitate the development of research students' written communication skills, which are critical for the competent preparation of theses and publications. This paper describes a Thesis Writing Group for social science doctoral students. Participants indicated that the group not only served a practical role, providing an impetus for…

  12. Focusing on Doctoral Students' Experiences of Engagement in Thesis Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vekkaila, Jenna; Pyhältö, Kirsi; Lonka, Kirsti

    2013-01-01

    Little is known about what inspires students to be involved in their doctoral process and stay persistent when facing challenges. This study explored the nature of students' engagement in the doctoral work. Altogether, 21 behavioural sciences doctoral students from one top-level research community were interviewed. The interview data were…

  13. [The effect of public defense of a doctoral thesis on the heart rate of the doctoral candidate].

    PubMed

    Kiljander, Toni; Toikka, Jyri; Koskenvuo, Juha; Jaakkola, Ilkka

    2011-01-01

    The effect of public defense of a doctoral thesis on the heart rate of the doctoral candidate Most doctoral candidates find the public defense of a doctoral thesis an exciting and stressful experience. In this study, Holter recording during the defense was made for four doctoral candidates of the Faculty of Medicine. Maximum heart rate among the subjects was on the average 172 beats/min with a median heart rate of 116 beats/min. Sympathicotonia and release of stress hormones associated with the defense raise the heart rate to levels that may be very high for several hours. This is a risk factor for a coronary event and should be considered, if the doctoral candidate has coronary heart disease, carries risk factors for coronary heart disease, or is an elderly person. PMID:21805898

  14. Reading in Preparation for Writing a PhD Thesis: Case Studies of Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kwan, Becky S. C.

    2009-01-01

    The paper presents stories of how a group of doctoral students chose the key disciplinary literature that they read in preparation for their thesis-undertaking (RT). The stories were analyzed in light of current understanding of literature reviewing as a situated practice and theory of doctoral education as socio-cognitive apprenticeship. As the…

  15. Rethinking Doctoral Publication Practices: Writing from and beyond the Thesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamler, Barbara

    2008-01-01

    This article addresses the importance of giving greater pedagogical attention to writing for publication in higher education. It recognizes that, while doctoral research is a major source of new knowledge production in universities, most doctoral students do not receive adequate mentoring or structural support to publish from their research, with…

  16. Marie Curie's Doctoral Thesis: Prelude to a Nobel Prize.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolke, Robert L.

    1988-01-01

    Traces the life and research techniques of Marie Curie's doctoral dissertation leading to the discovery and purification of radium from ore. Reexamines the discoveries of other scientists that helped lead to this separation. (ML)

  17. Doctorate as Genre: Supporting Thesis Writing across Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Susan

    2011-01-01

    Increasingly learning advisors provide generic support for doctoral students. The terms "genre" (a category, type or family) and "generic" (ambiguously both "of a category" and "non-specific") are interrogated here in relation to such support. Literary studies scholars divide texts by genre for the purpose of analysis. It is helpful to see the…

  18. Assessing the Doctoral Thesis When It Includes Published Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharmini, Sharon; Spronken-Smith, Rachel; Golding, Clinton; Harland, Tony

    2015-01-01

    In this article we explore how examiners assess a thesis that includes published work. An online survey was used to gather data on approaches to assessing publication-based theses (PBTs). The respondents were 62 supervisors who had experience examining PBTs across a range of disciplines at a research-intensive university in New Zealand. Nearly…

  19. Efficient graph algorithms for sequential and parallel computers. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Goldberg, A.V.

    1987-02-01

    This thesis studies graph algorithms, both in sequential and parallel contexts. In the outline of the thesis, algorithm complexities are stated in terms of the the number of vertices n, the number of edges m, the largest absolute value of capacities U, and the largest absolute value of costs C. Chapter 1 introduces a new approach to the maximum flow problem that leads to better algorithms for the problem. Chapter 2 is devoted to the minimum cost flow problem, which is a generalization of the maximum flow problem. Chapter 3 addresses implementation of parallel algorithms through a case study of an implementation of a parallel maximum flow algorithm. Parallel prefix operations play an important role in the implementation. Present experimental results achieved by the implementation are presented. Present parallel symmetry-breaking techniques are the main topic of Chapter 4.

  20. Marine microbial production of dimethylsulfide from dissolved dimethylsulfoniopropionate. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Ledyard, K.M.

    1993-02-01

    Dimethylsulfide (DMS) plays a central role in the transfer of sulfur from the ocean to the atmosphere, and ultimately to land. The most abundant volatile organosulfur compound in seawater, DMS is believed to account for the bulk of the sea-to-air biogenic sulfur flux. DMS has also been implicated as the major precursor of submicron-sized sulfate aerosol over the ocean. This aerosol acts as an effective site for cloud droplet condensation, suggesting a possibly important role for DMS in marine cloud formation. In the ocean, the precursor of DMS is presumed to be the zwitterionic sulfonium compound dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), a common osmoticum in certain classes of marine algae. While some algae can cleave DMSP intracellularly to form DMS, correlation of DMS concentrations with indicators of algal productivity on a local scale is poor. This thesis focuses on an alternative pathway of DMS formation: microbial cleavage of dissolved (extracellular) DMSP. In laboratory studies, bacteria able to cleave DMSP to form DMS were isolated from seawater by a DMSP enrichment technique, and the kinetics of DMSP uptake and DMS production were examined closely in pure cultures of a bacterial isolate from the Sargasso Sea. The isolate could grow with both DMSP and acrylic acid, one of the products of DMSP cleavage, as the sole source of carbon and energy, and the enzyme catalyzing DMSP cleavage appeared to be induced by both of these compounds. Kinetic parameters were estimated for DMSP uptake and cleavage by whole cells. Comparison of the 16S rRNA sequence of this isolate with that of known eubacteria showed that it was most closely related to Erythrobacter longus, an aerobic, bacteriochlorophyll-containing member of the alpha proteobacteria.

  1. Thesis and Dissertation Writing: Preparing ESL Students for Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paltridge, Brian

    1997-01-01

    Describes a program created to assist students of English as a Second Language in their preparation for thesis and dissertation writing by focusing on the thesis proposal as an important part of that process. Notes that they often experience difficulty meeting the demands of the kind of writing required at this level and often are unaware of the…

  2. [Doctoral thesis: Demographic growth and economic and social development in Mali].

    PubMed

    Dabo, K

    1999-12-01

    A doctoral thesis is described analyzing the relationships between demographic growth and economic and social development in Mali. The hypothesis is stated that demographic growth impedes economic development and any improvement in populations¿ standards of living. The hypothesis was verified using data for the period from 1960 to the present. Over that period, Mali conducted two general population censuses in 1976 and 1987, as well as several demographic research studies. The thesis is comprised of 4 parts, of which the first generally describes Mali. The second part analyzes the relationship between population growth and economic and social development in Mali. Study results are presented, followed by an analysis of the effects of economic and social development upon population growth in Mali through factors such as urbanization, education level, literacy, income, employment, occupation, gross domestic or gross national product by inhabitant, infant mortality rate, life expectancy at birth, contraceptive practice, fertility opinions and desires, women¿s status, and migration in Mali. Analysis indicates that Mali has not completely begun its demographic transition, but that traditional pronatalist behaviors are changing. Population policies and programs are explored in the third part of the thesis, followed by the fourth part which focuses upon methodological questions. PMID:12296197

  3. The Shortage of Doctorally Prepared Nursing Faculty: A Dire Situation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berlin, Linda E.; Sechrist, Karen R.

    2002-01-01

    Analysis of national survey data on nursing faculty identified the following trends: since 1993, the mean age of doctorally prepared faculty has increased; average retirement age is 62.5; 200-300 faculty are eligible for retirement annually from 2003-2012; mean number of years in nursing doctoral programs is 8.3. Earlier entry into doctoral…

  4. Preparing STEM Doctoral Students for Future Faculty Careers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Austin, Ann E.; Campa, Henry, III; Pfund, Christine; Gillian-Daniel, Donald L.; Mathieu, Robert; Stoddart, Judith

    2009-01-01

    One strategy for improving the quality of undergraduate education, with potential impact over decades, involves greater attention to the preparation of doctoral students who will soon fill the faculty ranks. Doctoral education is a time of socialization for future careers, including faculty work. In recognition of the important role of doctoral…

  5. Leadership Preparation in an Education Doctorate Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryerson, Dean

    2011-01-01

    This was a study of an education doctorate program at a small, private college. It examined the following nine components: theory of leadership for school improvement; candidate recruitment and selection based on leadership; coherent curriculum; use of active learning strategies; knowledgeable faculty; high quality internships; social and…

  6. A doctoral thesis about Carol Davila written in Paris in 1936

    PubMed Central

    ROGOZEA, LILIANA; DUMITRASCU, DINU I.; TRIFF, DORIN; LEASU, FLORIN; DUMITRAŞCU, DAN L.

    2014-01-01

    Carol Davila, the father of the Romanian modern medicine, made decisive contributions to the development of health sciences in the Romanian Principalities in the last decades of the nineteenth century. The merit of his scientific work was recognized beyond the borders of his country. His life (not devoid of anecdotic instances and unknown episodes) and especially his work have aroused considerable interest among numerous medical historians. This paper presents a historical study elaborated in France, but until recently ignored, dedicated to the biography of Carol Davila. It concerns the medical doctoral thesis (State Diploma) elaborated by Joseph Adler (born 1910 in Botoşani, Romania) under the supervision of professor Maxime Laignel-Lavastine, whose interest in Romania is well-known. Professor Laignel-Lavastine held the office of Secretary General of the International Society of History of Medicine (ISHM), founded in 1921, (replaced in this position by another French professor with links to Romania: Jules Guiart). The thesis comprises 48 pages and an exhaustive bibliography. It represents a token of the appreciation given to Davila’s achievements by Europe’s medical community. PMID:26527997

  7. A doctoral thesis about Carol Davila written in Paris in 1936.

    PubMed

    Rogozea, Liliana; Dumitrascu, Dinu I; Triff, Dorin; Leasu, Florin; Dumitraşcu, Dan L

    2014-01-01

    Carol Davila, the father of the Romanian modern medicine, made decisive contributions to the development of health sciences in the Romanian Principalities in the last decades of the nineteenth century. The merit of his scientific work was recognized beyond the borders of his country. His life (not devoid of anecdotic instances and unknown episodes) and especially his work have aroused considerable interest among numerous medical historians. This paper presents a historical study elaborated in France, but until recently ignored, dedicated to the biography of Carol Davila. It concerns the medical doctoral thesis (State Diploma) elaborated by Joseph Adler (born 1910 in Botoşani, Romania) under the supervision of professor Maxime Laignel-Lavastine, whose interest in Romania is well-known. Professor Laignel-Lavastine held the office of Secretary General of the International Society of History of Medicine (ISHM), founded in 1921, (replaced in this position by another French professor with links to Romania: Jules Guiart). The thesis comprises 48 pages and an exhaustive bibliography. It represents a token of the appreciation given to Davila's achievements by Europe's medical community. PMID:26527997

  8. Finding the right doctoral thesis – an innovative research fair for medical students

    PubMed Central

    Steffen, Julius; Grabbert, Markus; Pander, Tanja; Gradel, Maximilian; Köhler, Lisa-Maria; Fischer, Martin R.; von der Borch, Philip; Dimitriadis, Konstantinos

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: The importance of research, as promoted by the CanMEDS framework, is widely acknowledged. Many medical students in Germany work on a research project as part of their doctoral thesis whilst still going to medical school. However, a significant amount of projects are abandoned unfinished, which leads to substantial wastage of resources. One reason for this is an information deficit concerning undergraduate research projects. Project description: To counteract this, we introduced an annual event at LMU Munich called DoktaMed with more than 600 visitors each year. It combines medical convention and research fair including keynote lectures, workshops and poster sessions as well as an exhibition of research groups and institutes. DoktaMed is a peer-to-peer event organized by a team of 40 students. Results: A needs analysis before its implementation underlined the information deficit as a possible cause for the high rate of abandoned projects. In the annual evaluation, visitors of DoktaMed rate the event with an average grade of 2.1 on a six-level Likert scale (n=558, SD=1.06, with "1=very good", "6=poor"). They stated to now feel better informed about the topic and regarded visiting DoktaMed as a worthwhile investment of time. Discussion: Students are generally satisfied with the event and feel better informed after visiting DoktaMed. However, many students never visit DoktaMed for various reasons. A possible improvement would be to present a greater number of clinical studies in addition to the laboratory work that DoktaMed focuses on now. Conclusion: Evaluation after six years of DoktaMed is very promising. Visitors seem to be better informed. Nevertheless there is space for improvement in order to get more students and more faculty members involved. More studies are needed to assess long-term effects. PMID:26413167

  9. [A doctoral thesis on occupational diseases from 1816: workers' diseases in the post-Ramazzinian era].

    PubMed

    Carnevale, F

    2010-01-01

    No medical "classical" work has been in any way as successful as Ramazzini's De Morbis Artificum Diatriba. The book's success is confirmed by the constantly increasing number of new editions, emulations, translations and quotations and corresponding dissemination. As is proven by web access, our contemporaries continue to contemplate Ramazzini with admiration and wonder, confidence, devotion and curiosity and also as a means of seeking confirmation of the concepts that are variously presented. It is possible to describe a temporal phenomenon of "differential impact" of Ramazzini's work. Throughout the twentieth century, and especially on "celebrated" anniversaries (1900, 1913, 1914, 1933, 1964, 2000), many "tributes" to the author were recorded. During the nineteenth century in major European countries, but less so in Italy, Ramazzini's lesson was recorded as superseded "on an objective basis". The context had completely changed, as did both work and workers after a century-old continuity. Between the 1700's and the early 1800's Ramazzini dominated the field like a mountain in the desert; with editions of De Morbis in Latin and in translations following one on the other, with a positive cultural and popularizing impact on a public consisting of the international scientific and professional avant-garde. The means of dissemination consisted first and foremost of including all or part of the corpus of the Diatriba in "dictionaries" or "encyclopaedias" of medicine. Another means that was widely used, efficacious and typically academic, was through the doctoral theses discussed in all major European universities. Among these contributions was the thesis discussed in 1816 in Paris, by Louis-André Gosse of Geneva (1791-1873), which is presented in the previous pages in the translation from the French. PMID:21110453

  10. [Historical studies and medicine. A study in Swedish doctoral thesis concerning history of medicine 1970-2004].

    PubMed

    Qvarsell, Roger

    2006-01-01

    This article is a study in ninety doctoral thesis published in Sweden between 1970 and 2004 concerning history of the science of medicine and hospital care, patients and practicioners, causes of death and public health, doctors and nurses, health movements and lay medicine and other aspects of the history of medicine. A quantitative part of the study shows that most thesis have been written at departments of history or history of ideas, but sociological and mulitdisciplinary studies are also rather common. Only six of the thesis have been written at departments within the medical faculties. The second half of the 19th and the first half of the 20th centuries has been investigated more often than other historical periods. More than ninety percent of the thesis has been published in Swedish and concerns history of medicine in Sweden. A wide range of methods and theories has been used and history of medicine does not as a field deviate from historical research in general in this respect. A chronological bibliography of the ninety thesis ends the article. PMID:17575638

  11. Research versus Problem Solving for the Education Leadership Doctoral Thesis: Implications for Form and Function

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Archbald, Doug

    2008-01-01

    Background: A growing literature is questioning the appropriateness of a research dissertation for practitioners in education doctoral programs. Although this literature persuasively critiques the prevailing theory-research orientation of most programs and theses, it goes little beyond exhorting change and describing extant alternatives in a few…

  12. Preparing Emerging Doctoral Scholars for Transdisciplinary Research: A Developmental Approach

    PubMed Central

    Kemp, Susan P.; Nurius, Paula S.

    2015-01-01

    Research models that bridge disciplinary, theoretical, and methodological boundaries are increasingly common as funders and the public push for timely, effective, collaborative responses to pressing social and environmental problems. Although social work is inherently an integrative discipline, there is growing recognition of the need to better prepare emerging scholars for sophisticated transdisciplinary and translational research environments. This paper outlines a developmental, competency-oriented approach to enhancing the readiness of doctoral students and emerging scholars in social work and allied disciplines for transdisciplinary research, describes an array of pedagogical tools applicable in doctoral course work and other program elements, and urges coordinated attention to enhancing the field’s transdisciplinary training capacity. PMID:26005286

  13. The Doctorally Prepared Nurse. Report of Two Conferences on the Demand for and Education of Nurses with Doctoral Degrees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Thomas P., Ed.

    The proceedings of two conferences held by the Division of Nursing that have focused on doctoral preparation of nurses are presented in this publication. The first, the ''conference on Issues in Doctoral Education for Nurses," held in Bethesda, Maryland, on February 22, 1974, called together project directors and deans of schools of nursing that…

  14. Turning Points: Improving Honors Student Preparation for Thesis Completion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patino, Cynthia

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation is an action research study that had as its primary goal to increase retention of honors college students at Arizona State University by implementing an additional advising session during the fifth semester of their academic career. Introducing additional, strategically-timed support for the honors thesis and demystifying the…

  15. Preparing emotionally intelligent doctor of nursing practice leaders.

    PubMed

    Renaud, Michelle T; Rutledge, Carolyn; Shepherd, Laurel

    2012-08-01

    The Institute of Medicine (IOM) identified the need for interdisciplinary teams that collaborate, communicate, and integrate care across settings to improve health care delivery. Focusing on innovative strategies that address leadership skills in graduate nursing education could have an effect on interdisciplinary partnerships, transformation of patient care, and new styles of leadership to change current practice models. In response to the IOM guidelines, we incorporated emotional intelligence as a component in our Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) leadership curriculum. This article describes a new action-oriented leadership model that prepares the DNP graduate for leadership roles to serve the public and the nursing discipline during a time of radical changes in health care. Behavioral profile, nontraditional readings, and online discussions form the basis of the model. The principles and strategies in this article can be applied to nursing education in multiple arenas, at both the undergraduate and graduate settings. PMID:22624564

  16. Fluid flow and sound generation at hydrothermal vent fields. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Little, S.A.

    1988-04-01

    Several experiments in this thesis examine methods to measure and monitor fluid flow from hydrothermal vent fields. Simultaneous velocity temperature, and conductivity data were collected in the convective flow emanating from a hydrothermal vent field located on the East Pacific rise. The horizontal profiles obtained indicate that the flow field approaches an ideal plume in the temperature and velocity distribution. Such parameters as total heat flow and maximum plume height can be estimated using either the velocity or the temperature information. The results of these independent calculations are in close agreement, yielding a total heat capacity and volume changes slightly alter the calculations applied to obtain these values. In Guaymas Basin, a twelve day time series of temperature data was collected from a point three centimeters above a diffuse hydrothermal flow area. Using concurrent tidal gauge data from the town of Guaymas it is shown that the effects of tidal currents can be strong enough to dominate the time variability of a temperature signal at a fixed point in hydrothermal flow and are a plausible explanation for the variations seen in the Guaymas Basin temperature data. The increase in power due to convected flow inhomogeneities, however, was lower in the near field than expected. Indirect evidence of hydrothermal sound fields showing anomalous high power and low frequency noise associated with vents is due to processes other than jet noise.

  17. Study of mid-latitude 5577A CI dayglow emissions. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Hume, E.E.

    1992-01-01

    Summary of thesis: The green line (5577angstroms) is a bright, persistent component of the visible airglow. It is produced by an electric quadruple transition from the metastable second excited state (1So) to the first excited state (1D2) of atomic oxygen. These two excited states all lie in the same electron shell of the atom and have the same electron configuration as the ground state of 1s22s22p4, which is the 3P2,1,0. This emission is present in both the daytime and night airglow and in the aurora, and despite a long history of study it is still not fully understood. The emission in the dayglow and the nightglow is relatively homogeneous spatially and global in coverage. In the aurora, the emission is much brighter than the airglow, high structured and very localized being restricted to higher latitudes. The structure of the 5577angstroms emission with altitude and the chemistry responsible for the production of the emission are complex. The vertical structure for the emission has two distinct layers in the airglow each with its own set of production and loss mechanisms. the chemistry for either of these layers is not completely known. The auroral emission is not understood either since it overlaps the upper and lower layer altitudes and it tends to contain some parts of the chemistry of both layers as sources and losses.

  18. Reputation strength as a determinant of faculty employment: a test of the step-down thesis among clinical psychology doctoral programs.

    PubMed

    Roberts, Michael C; Ilardi, Stephen S; Johnson, Rebecca J

    2006-07-01

    This study tested the folkloristic belief that doctoral degree recipients who pursue academic careers typically wind up at institutions ranked lower in prestige than the institutions at which they trained (the step-down thesis). We used a database of faculty members in 150 clinical psychology doctoral programs accredited by the American Psychological Association, and compared each faculty member's training institution with the current employing institution on three distinct reputation ranking systems: The Center (University of Florida, Gainesville) for overall university reputation, the National Research Council (Washington, DC) for doctoral degree department reputation, and the news magazine, U.S. News and World Report ranking for clinical psychology training program reputation. Although support for the step-down thesis was found across all three ranking systems, a disproportionately large number of professors were also observed to move laterally in terms of their employing institution's reputation. PMID:16541384

  19. Preparing Your Child for Visits to the Doctor

    MedlinePlus

    ... A kid may misinterpret qualities such as speed, efficiency, or a detached attitude and view them as ... disobedience. previous continue Involve Your Child in the Process Gathering information for the doctor. If the situation ...

  20. Coteaching in Counselor Education: Preparing Doctoral Students for Future Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baltrinic, Eric R.; Jencius, Marty; McGlothlin, Jason

    2016-01-01

    This phenomenological study explored 10 counselor education doctoral students' coteaching experiences with faculty members. Three coteaching structures identified from the data were relational, operational, and developmental. A definition of coteaching supported by the findings is presented. Implications for counselor education programs,…

  1. Hidden Losses: Alternatives to Faculty Careers in the Sciences among Doctorally-Prepared Women

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Seymour, E.

    2004-05-01

    Elaine Seymour draws on a number of the recent and ongoing studies of her research group to address the issue of why doctorally-prepared women in the sciences may not elect to enter a faculty career. She discusses aspects of faculty life and of career alternatives that inhibit this choice and make other alternatives more attractive, and how late-stage doctoral students and early career female scientists reach these decisions.

  2. Paving the Pathway: Exploring Student Perceptions of Professional Development Preparation in Doctoral Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heflinger, Craig Anne; Doykos, Bernadette

    2016-01-01

    The breadth of doctoral education has expanded to include professional development activities in order to prepare students for academic and nonacademic careers. This mixed methods study focused on students' perceptions of professional development opportunities at a Research One university. The findings suggest that most students feel prepared in…

  3. Surveys of Ph.D. Thesis: Review of Doctoral Research in Language Assessment in Canada (2006-2011)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Liying; Fox, Janna

    2013-01-01

    This paper reviews a selected sample of 24 doctoral dissertations in language assessment (broadly defined), completed between 2006 and 2011 in Canadian universities. These dissertations fall into five thematic categories: 1) reliability, validity and factors affecting test performance; 2) washback (impact) and ethics; 3) raters, rating and rating…

  4. Preprofessional Curriculum in Preparation for Doctor of Pharmacy Educational Programs

    PubMed Central

    Lawson, Lisa A.

    2009-01-01

    The preprofessional pharmacy curriculum provides the foundation for the professional curriculum. Basic requirements are noted in the ACPE Standards and Guidelines, but there is considerable variation in the preprofessional curriculum requirements for entry into doctor of pharmacy programs in the United States. Changes in higher education, pharmacy practice, and health care continue to drive the need to evaluate the preprofessional curriculum. The objectives of this white paper were to create model preprofessional curricula that would enable students to be successful during and after entry into the professional curriculum. Using an evidence-based approach where possible, a number of factors were found to be associated with academic success during a pharmacy program and on licensing examinations. These data and other information were used to create 2 preprofessional curricular models that include the development of general and discipline-specific abilities. Challenges remain in accurately evaluating the abilities and attributes of applicants and the impact of those abilities and attributes on their success as a student and a practitioner. Colleges and schools of pharmacy should consider adopting a more consistent preprofessional curriculum on a national level. This preprofessional curriculum should be multi-dimensional, based on needs for future practice, and revised over time. PMID:20221348

  5. Preparing Emerging Doctoral Scholars for Transdisciplinary Research: A Developmental Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kemp, Susan Patricia; Nurius, Paula S.

    2015-01-01

    Research models that bridge disciplinary, theoretical, and methodological boundaries are increasingly common as funders and the public push for effective responses to pressing social problems. Although social work is inherently an integrative discipline, there is growing recognition of the need to better prepare emerging scholars for sophisticated…

  6. A Preparation Program for Doctoral Candidates Whose Career Goals Were College Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shepherd, Gene; Romano, Anthony W.

    Syllabi, lesson plans, and activities are offered from courses designed to improve the preparation of doctoral candidates bound for college teaching careers. The three graduate-level courses include: (1) Course Design Decisions, which covers evaluating teaching and learning styles, designing syllabi and examinations, selecting textbooks,…

  7. "Views from the Nano Edge": Women on Doctoral Preparation Programmes in Selected African Contexts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Charmaine

    2016-01-01

    The study explored the conceptual views of "critical mass", alongside micro experiences, of women, at a practice level, on a doctoral preparation programme which was implemented within the South African Development Community (SADC) and Ethiopian contexts. At the strategising level of policies, insufficient attention has been paid to the…

  8. Using an Equity Audit Investigation to Prepare Doctoral Students for Social Justice Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Sandra; Hopson, Michael

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to both introduce and describe the use of an equity audit investigation to prepare students in an educational leadership doctoral program for social justice leadership. The course setting where the equity audit served as the culminating activity is described. The authors also report on a five-question, open-ended…

  9. Preparation and Socialization of the Education Professoriate: Narratives of Doctoral Student-Instructors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Stoerm; Anderson, Baaska

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the socialization and preparation of future education faculty by exploring narratives of 17 doctoral student-instructors at a large, public, research-oriented university. Data were collected in semi-structured interviews followed by member checks to verify and clarify understandings and interpretations. Participants'…

  10. "Unexplainable" medical histories and childhood sexual abuse. New doctoral thesis tells you how to investigate the links.

    PubMed

    Getz, L

    1999-06-01

    This is a brief summary and a personal reflection on Anne Luise Kirkengen's PhD thesis "Embodiment of sexual boundary violations in childhood". It is written to encourage other clinicians to familiarise themselves with this original and important study. It has high relevance for every clinician who is ever confronted with patients that present medical histories that are "diffuse" or unexplainable according to traditional medical knowledge. PMID:10439487

  11. Analysis of the morality of intention in nuclear deterrence, with special reference to final retaliation. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Zink, J.A.

    1990-01-01

    Quite apart from its apparent political obsolescence, the policy of nuclear deterrence is vulnerable to attack for its seemingly obvious immorality. Nuclear war is blatantly immoral, and nuclear deterrence requires a genuine intention to resort to the nuclear retaliation which would precipitate such a war. Therefore, since it is wrong to intend that which is wrong to do, deterrence is immoral. This thesis seeks to examine the nature of the deterrent intention as a means of verifying the soundness of the above deontological argument. This examination is carried out by first suggesting an acceptable notion of intention in general and then, after analysing the views of deterrent intention by other writers, proceeding to demonstrate the uniqueness of that intention. Having done this, and having explored the possibility that deterrence need not contain a genuine intention to retaliate, the thesis moves on to suggest and defend a moral principle which states that endeavours requiring the formation of an immoral intention may nevertheless be moral. Called the Principle of Double Intention (and based on the Principle of Double Effect), it offers a method for the moral assessment of agents who form immoral intentions within larger contexts. By applying this principle to nuclear deterrence, it is demonstrated that agents who undertake such a policy may be morally justified in doing so, provided certain conditions are met. The thesis closes with a refutation of the objection that an agent cannot rationally form an intention (such as that required in deterrence) which he has no reason to carry out.

  12. Use of Learner-Centered Strategies in the Preparation of Community and Technical College Leaders: Assessments by Participating Doctoral Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Browne-Ferrigno, Tricia; Muth, Rodney

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents assessments by students actively engaged in a recently redesigned Doctor of Education (EdD) program, delivered at a research-extensive university participating in the the Carnegie Project on the Education Doctorate (CPED), to prepare leaders for a statewide system of community and technical colleges. Because a unique feature of…

  13. On the bifurcation of blood vessels--Wilhelm Roux's doctoral thesis (Jena 1878)--a seminal work for biophysical modelling in developmental biology.

    PubMed

    Kurz, H; Sandau, K; Christ, B

    1997-02-01

    Wilhelm Roux's doctoral thesis described the relationship between the angle and diameter of bifurcating blood vessels. We have re-read this work in the light of biophysics and developmental biology and found two remarkable aspects hidden among a multitude of observations, rules and exceptions to these rules. First, the author identified the major determinants involved in vascular development; genetics, cybernetics, and mechanics; moreover, he knew that he could not deal with the genetic and regulatory aspects, and could hardly treat the mechanical part adequately. Second, he was deeply convinced that the laws of physics determine the design of organisms, and that a necessity for optimality was inherent in development. We combined the analysis of diameter relationships with the requirement for optimality in a stochastic biophysical model, and concluded that a constant wall-stress condition could define a minimum wall-tissue optimum during arterial development. Hence, almost 120 years after Wilhelm Roux's pioneering work, our model indicates one possible way in which physical laws have determined the evolution of regulatory and structural properties in vessel wall development. PMID:9059737

  14. Parallel incremental compilation. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Gafter, N.M.

    1990-06-01

    The time it takes to compile a large program has been a bottleneck in the software development process. When an interactive programming environment with an incremental compiler is used, compilation speed becomes even more important, but existing incremental compilers are very slow for some types of program changes. We describe a set of techniques that enable incremental compilation to exploit fine-grained concurrency in a shared-memory multi-processor and achieve asymptotic improvement over sequential algorithms. Because parallel non-incremental compilation is a special case of parallel incremental compilation, the design of a parallel compiler is a corollary of our result. Instead of running the individual phases concurrently, our design specifies compiler phases that are mutually sequential. However, each phase is designed to exploit fine-grained parallelism. By allowing each phase to present its output as a complete structure rather than as a stream of data, we can apply techniques such as parallel prefix and parallel divide-and-conquer, and we can construct applicative data structures to achieve sublinear execution time. Parallel algorithms for each phase of a compiler are presented to demonstrate that a complete incremental compiler can achieve execution time that is asymptotically less than sequential algorithms.

  15. Students' Reflections on the Relevance and Quality of Highly Ranked Doctoral Programs in Educational Administration: Beacons of Leadership Preparation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoyle, John R.; Torres, Mario S., Jr.

    2008-01-01

    The manner by which colleges and universities prepare school leaders in doctoral programs is being called into question. One report is stirring much controversy for its unflattering portrayal of administrator preparation programs. In a 2005 report entitled "Educating School Leaders," former Columbia University president Art Levine characterizes…

  16. Coupled channel calculations for electron-positron pair production in collisions of heavy ionsThis work is part of the doctoral thesis of Matthias Gail, Giessen (D26) 2001.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gail, Matthias; Grün, Norbert; Scheid, Werner

    2003-04-01

    Coupled channel calculations are performed for electron-positron pair production in relativistic collisions of heavy ions. For this purpose the wavefunction is expanded into different types of basis sets consisting of atomic wavefunctions centred around the projectile ion only and around both of the colliding nuclei. The results are compared with experimental data from Belkacem et al (1997 Phys. Rev. A 56 2807). This work is part of the doctoral thesis of Matthias Gail, Giessen (D26) 2001.

  17. Role stress and strain among nondoctorally prepared undergraduate faculty in a school of nursing with a doctoral program.

    PubMed

    Lott, J W; Anderson, E R; Kenner, C

    1993-01-01

    Initiation of a doctoral program within existing schools of nursing causes significant change in organizational structure and function. The role expectations of the current faculty change as well. The purpose of the qualitative study was to identify if role stress and strain are present in nondoctorally prepared undergraduate nursing faculty in a southern university school of nursing with a doctoral program. The design was a qualitative, open-ended interview. The primary research question was: Does the initiation of a doctoral program in a school of nursing impose role stress and strain on nondoctorally prepared faculty members? Academic educators will find our results interesting because faculty report that role stress and strain affect both their teaching and decisions to remain in academia. Use of these findings may contribute toward improved role relationships, better role performance, greater job satisfaction, and decreased job turnover. PMID:8421122

  18. Systematic Preparation for Teaching in a Nursing Doctor of Philosophy Program.

    PubMed

    Fiedler, Ruth; Degenhardt, Marguerite; Engstrom, Janet L

    2015-01-01

    Lack of preparation for the faculty role, particularly for teaching, has long been an area of concern in graduate nursing education. This article describes a systematic approach to preparing students in a doctor of philosophy (PhD) program for their future roles as nurse educators. All PhD students at Rush University are required to take a nursing education course that contains four modules: the teacher, learner, and learning environment; the basics of curriculum and course design; evaluation of the learner, course, program, and institution; and the new faculty member. Students also complete a practicum in the course. Students are interviewed before the course begins and complete a self-assessment of their teaching experiences. Based on their learning needs, students are enrolled in the course for variable credit. The course has received excellent evaluations since its inception. The success of this course demonstrates that an education course can be an essential component of the nursing PhD curriculum. PMID:26194961

  19. Faculty Needs, Doctoral Preparation, and the Future of Teacher Preparation Programs in the Education of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benedict, Kendra M.; Johnson, Harold; Antia, Shirin D.

    2011-01-01

    The purposes of the study were to obtain and analyze data on the need for, and desired characteristics of, faculty in deaf education at American institutions of higher education (IHEs), and to assess the present and projected status of doctoral-level teacher preparation programs in deaf education at American IHEs. Program directors and…

  20. Halfway between receiving and giving: a relational analysis of doctorate-prepared nurse-scholars' first 5 years after graduation.

    PubMed

    Heinrich, Kathleen T

    2005-01-01

    The longitudinal, phenomenological study described in this article is unique in exploring doctorally prepared nurses' lives during their first 5 years after graduation. Despite individual differences, there was a definite pattern in the way the 16 female participants internalized a doctoral identity. During the first year, the women asked themselves, "How big do I want my world to be?" In the second year, they were overwhelmed by trying to prove themselves because they equated doctoral identity with conducting research and scholarship. During the third year, they prioritized gradually focusing and determining the direction of their professional endeavors. In the fourth year, they "spent a lot of time creating my piece of the world." By the fifth year, they valued their accomplishments, "This is my world and I am proud of it." In between receiving and giving, most participants developed a network of colleagues who mentored them as scholars. Given that relationship and scholarly identity are linked in the nursing literature, this relational feminist analysis suggests the need for doctoral nurse educators and students to replace the single mentor-mentee model with a collegial one that allows them to mentor one another as scholars during and after doctoral studies. PMID:16179243

  1. The Value of Teaching Preparation during Doctoral Studies: An Example of a Teaching Practicum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Jeffrey D.; Powers, Joelle; Thompson, Aaron M.; Rutten-Turner, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    For doctoral students who seek faculty appointments in academic settings upon graduation, it is imperative those students have access to quality mentoring, direct instruction, and experiential opportunities to apply effective teaching methods during their training. Currently, some doctoral programs are beginning to develop teaching practicums…

  2. An Informed Look at Doctoral Vivas (Oral Examinations) in the Preparation of Counselor Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAdams, Charles R., III; Robertson, Derek L.

    2012-01-01

    Viva voce is the Latin expression traditionally used to refer to doctoral oral examinations. Viva voce, or simply viva, examinations are a standard requirement for doctoral candidacy and degree completion in many counselor education programs. Despite the prevalent use of vivas as an assessment and learning tool, the counselor education literature…

  3. The Pedagogy of Monsters: Scary Disturbances in a Doctoral Research Preparation Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lesko, Nancy; Simmons, Jacqueline A.; Quarshie, Antoinette; Newton, Nicki

    2008-01-01

    Background/Context: Although doctoral education is an important component of research universities, few investigations of doctoral education exist. Furthermore, with the push in education and in other disciplines to help beginning researchers understand multiple paradigmatic, epistemological, and theoretical orientations that define fields of…

  4. Doctorateness as a Threshold Concept

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trafford, Vernon; Leshem, Shosh

    2009-01-01

    Achieving a doctorate presents candidates with certain challenges--undertaking the research, writing the thesis and defending both at their viva. Throughout that doctoral journey, candidates are expected to display doctorateness in their thesis via the characteristics of high-quality scholarly research. The blockages that occur and prevent…

  5. Preparing for an Academic Career Workshops: Resources for Graduate Students and Post-Doctoral Fellows

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dunbar, R. W.; MacDonald, R.

    2004-12-01

    The professional development program, "On the Cutting Edge", offers annual multi-day workshops for graduate students and post-doctoral fellows interested in pursuing academic careers. Goals are to prepare participants to become more effective teachers, stronger candidates for academic positions, and more aware of the realities of academic jobs. Insights that participants especially hope to gain from these workshops include feedback on the application process, especially an understanding of how search committees work; the different realities of balancing teaching, research, and personal life in a range of academic institutions; and expectations for tenure. The ten-person leadership team represents, by design, a wide range of academic career paths and institutions, and provides approximately 1:6 leader: participant ratio. Specific sessions include research on learning, an introduction to course and lab design, effective teaching and assessment strategies, developing a teaching statement, time management and early career faculty success, and moving research forward into new settings. Optional workshop sessions and discussions include the following topics: dual-career couples; families and careers; teaching portfolios; effective negotiation strategies; tenure and promotion; effective field trips; getting started in undergraduate research; opportunities in K-12 education; career options beyond faculty positions. Highlights of the workshop are faculty panel discussions about career paths and the academic job search. By workshop end, participants complete a goal setting and action planning activity. Two years of evaluation data suggest our goals are being met. Participants particularly appreciate the practical ideas and the opportunity to interact with, and learn from, a diverse leadership team and other participants.

  6. Master's thesis policies in nursing education.

    PubMed

    May, K M; Holzemer, W L

    1985-01-01

    A telephone survey of 25 schools of nursing with doctoral programs was conducted to inquire about their master's thesis policies. Six programs require a thesis. Sixteen programs provide both thesis and other options, described in the paper. Other policy issues are discussed which include: relation of thesis to faculty research, criteria for serving on a master's thesis committee, and requirements for doctoral admission. Responses to the survey indicate a variety of types and degrees of research experience in master's programs. PMID:2981987

  7. Tomorrow Belongs to Those Who Prepare for It Today: Gerontology Doctoral Students Career Aspirations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ewen, Heidi H.; Carr, Dawn C.; Reynolds, Courtney

    2012-01-01

    This research seeks to examine the characteristics and goals of students enrolled in gerontology doctoral education. The authors seek to identify the unique characteristics of scholars enrolled in the interdisciplinary study of aging and elicit discussion on the ways in which these scholars will contribute to the growth and development of the…

  8. The Impact of Leadership Personnel Preparation Grants on the Doctoral Student Population in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wasburn-Moses, Leah; Therrien, William J.

    2008-01-01

    Over the last decade, concern has grown regarding the faculty shortage in special education (Sindelar & Rosenberg, 2003). In part as a reaction to a federally funded study conducted in 1999, the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) increased funding for doctoral study in the form of Special Education Leadership Personnel Grants (Gilmore,…

  9. Writing a Thesis Differently

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honan, Eileen; Bright, David

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we explore the contributions that Deleuze and Guattari have made to thinking/writing language and how these ideas can be put to work in producing a doctoral thesis. We contribute to the field of work within what Patti Lather and Elizabeth St Pierre have called the "post-qualitative" movement, where researchers attempt to…

  10. An International Prognostic Study, Based on an Acquisition Model, of Degree Philosophiae Doctor (Ph.D.).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noble, Keith Allan

    This thesis documents an exploratory study of the degree Philosophiae Doctor (Ph.D.). A Ph.D. acquisition model was used as the conceptual framework for the investigation. The model incorporated the three fundamental components of the degree (lengthy study, original research, thesis preparation), which were determined from the historical and…

  11. Properties of Bi(Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconducting tapes prepared by the doctor-blade process

    SciTech Connect

    Yanagisawa, E.; Morimoto, T.; Dietderich, D. R.; Kumakura, H.; Togano, K.; Maeda, H.

    1989-06-19

    Improved superconducting and mechanical properties were obtained forBi(Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O tapes, prepared by the combined process of doctor-bladecasting, cold rolling, and sintering. The tape has an oriented microstructurewith the high /ital T//sub /ital c// plate-like grains having their /ital c/ axesperpendicular to the rolling surface. The tape is flexible and can be bentwithout any degradation of /ital J//sub /ital c// to just before fracture (strainlarger than /similar to/0.12%).

  12. Politics of NATO short-range nuclear modernization 1983-1990: The follow-on-to-Lance missile decisions. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Larsen, J.A.

    1991-06-01

    The follow-on to Lance (FOTL) missile was born in 1983 with a consensual decision by NATO, in the face of a worsening strategic situation, to pursue short-range nuclear force (SNF) modernization. The program continued despite increasing popular and political opposition in Europe. It ended with a May 1990 cancellation decision by the American bureaucracy that reflected converging pressures from the international system, from America's allies, and from the domestic arena. The thesis attempts to answer each question through the use of one of three analytical perspectives: systemic theory, alliance politics, or domestic politics. It concludes that during this time of diminishing threat at the systemic level, domestic-level factors within the German and American milieu became more important. While certain perspectives are better at explaining particular aspects or temporal periods of modernization cases, analysts should not focus on one perspective to the exclusion of others. Unexplained residual variables fall through the filter of each perspective, calling for further study by other approaches.

  13. Perceptions of the Role of the Doctor of Nursing Practice-Prepared Nurse: Clarity or Confusion.

    PubMed

    Udlis, Kimberly A; Mancuso, Josephine M

    2015-01-01

    Confusion and disagreement about the DNP degree and its implications continues despite the rapid and steady growth of DNP programs. There is a paucity of literature that examines nurses' perceptions of the role of the DNP-prepared nurse. The purpose of this study was to explore how nurses perceive the role of the DNP-prepared nurse and identify areas of ambiguity in understanding the roles that DNP-prepared nurses fulfill. A descriptive, cross-sectional design, using self-administered questionnaires, explored the perceptions of n = 340 nurses with various educational levels and backgrounds. Descriptives of the sample and instruments were conducted as well as chi-square analyses to detect differences in perceptions across levels of education. Results indicated that nurses clearly supported the DNP degree with a focus on the improvement of health care outcomes through the roles of leadership in health organizations, policy, interprofessionalism, and translation of evidence into practice. Multiple areas of confusion concerning the role of DNP-prepared nurse existed in academia, academia leadership, and scholarship. In order to reduce role ambiguity, the distinctive contributions of the DNP-prepared nurse must be embraced, valued, and operationalized. Otherwise, the role of the DNP-prepared nurse will continue to be discussed, debated, and challenged. PMID:26194957

  14. Beyond Skills: An Integrative Approach to Doctoral Student Preparation for Diverse Careers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Susan D.; Phelps, Jennifer M.

    2014-01-01

    An early consensus in the ongoing discourse about graduate student preparation for diverse careers was that graduates lacked competencies relevant to non-academic professional settings. Lists of missing "skills" were developed that universities and agencies sought to address, most commonly by the offering of generic (transferable) skills…

  15. Preparing Future Teachers and Doctoral-Level Leaders in Deaf Education: Meeting the Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrews, Jean F.; Covell, John A.

    2007-01-01

    The deaf education profession faces a critical juncture. First, the 2006 leadership crisis that swept deaf education's flagship institution--Gallaudet University--will propel professionals to think deeply about promoting diversity, equity, and access in deaf education teacher and leadership preparation programs. Second, personnel shortages require…

  16. Preparing Community College Leaders: The AACC Core Competencies for Effective Leadership & Doctoral Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNair, Delores E.

    2010-01-01

    Community colleges in the United States face shortages of leaders prepared to assume administrative positions in the 21st century. To respond to this shortage, graduate programs are emerging with a specific emphasis on community college leadership; other graduate programs offer broader curricula focused on educational leadership, policy, or higher…

  17. The Federal Role in the Preparation of Special Education Doctorates. SEFNA Brief. Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Deborah Deutsch

    2009-01-01

    The Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) is the primary source of federal support for preparing researchers and teacher educators whose focus is students with disabilities. The OSEP Leadership Training Grant Program awards projects to more universities than any other federal agency, but to do so it provides smaller awards to universities…

  18. Doctor Chekhov's doctors.

    PubMed

    Crommelynck, Isabelle

    2013-01-01

    Anton Chekhov (1860-1904) was both a writer and a doctor, as well as a patient. In spite of his literary success, he did not turn away from medicine until 1897, at the age of 37, when his tuberculosis became too serious. During his medical studies in Moscow, he wrote short stories, at night, under various pseudonyms to provide money for his family; all his life, Chekhov was his parents' financial support. It was Alexei Suvorin (1834-1912), the powerful director of Novoye Vremya (New Times), and the well-known writer Dimitry Grigorovich (1822-1899) who persuaded him that he had exceptional literary talent and requested him to abandon pseudonyms and sign his articles. So, for all his life, he practiced medicine as a district doctor and wrote plays and short stories. In each of his plays, except The Cherry Orchard, Chekhov introduced characters of doctors, principally Yevgeny Konstantinovich Lvov in Ivanov and Mikhail Lvovich Astrov in Uncle Vanya, as well as Khrushchev in The Wood Demon, Dorn in The Seagull, Tcheboutykin in The Three Sisters, and Triletski in Platonov. In his countless short stories, there are numerous doctors, for instance Professor Stepanovich (A Dreary Story), Doctors Kirilov (Enemies), Sobol (My Wife), Outchinnikov (An Inconvenience), Dymov (The Grasshopper), Startsvev (Ionitch), and others. Chekhov's main interest in psychiatry was clearly visible in The Nervous Breakdown, The Black Monk, The Man in a Case, A Doctor's Visit, and WardNo. 6 with Dr. Ragin. In his short stories as in his plays, Chekhov relied on his knowledge of provincial life; his doctor's characters were not professors, academicians, or Moscow's great physicians, but instead exhausted hard workers, with no effective diagnostic and therapeutic means, and poorly paid. Unlike himself, none of Chekhov's doctors was a writer or breadwinner, and Chekhov did not like to lay emphasis on the disease. PMID:23485905

  19. Preparing future teachers and doctoral-level leaders in deaf education: meeting the challenge.

    PubMed

    Andrews, Jean F; Covell, John A

    The deaf education profession faces a critical juncture. First, the 2006 leadership crisis that swept deaf education's flagship institution--Gallaudet University--will propel professionals to think deeply about promoting diversity, equity, and access in deaf education teacher and leadership preparation programs. Second, personnel shortages require attention: Teacher and leadership voids in university and K-12 programs loom if training efforts are not increased. Teaching and leadership needs center on three challenges: (a) understanding the changing demographic composition of the student, teacher, and leadership populations; (b) developing an evolving curriculum founded on research-based practices; (c) continuing to enlarge the knowledge base through applied research in the social sciences. Two case studies examine teacher training and leadership programs at universities that address these challenges. The importance of workplace deaf-hearing bicultural teams is examined. Implications for the preparation of teacher and leadership personnel in deaf education are discussed. PMID:17461252

  20. Diffuse flow from hydrothermal vents. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Trivett, D.A.

    1991-08-01

    The effluent from a collection of diffuse hydrothermal vents was modelled to determine the fate of the source of flow under typical environmental conditions at seafloor spreading centers. A laboratory simulation was conducted to test an analytic model of diffuse plume rise. The results showed that diffuse plumes are likely to remain near the seafloor, with their maximum rise height scaled with the diameter of the source of diffuse flow. The entrainment of ambient seawater into these plumes is limited by the proximity to the seafloor, thus slowing the rate of dilution. The model of diffuse plume behaviour was used to guide the design and implementation of a scheme for monitoring the flow from diffuse hydrothermal vents in the ocean. A deployment of an array at the Southern Juan de Fuca Ridge yielded measurements of a variety of diffuse plume properties, including total heat output. Two distinct sources of hydrothermal flow were detected during the field deployment. The larger source was 1-1.5km north of the instrument array, and its energy output was 450 + or - 270MW. A smaller source was located 100m east of one instrument in the array. The energy output of the source was 12 + or - 8MW. The rise heights of the centerlines of these plumes were 45m and 10m, respectively.

  1. Far field fallout prediction techniques. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Bigelow, W.S. Jr.

    1983-12-01

    A calculational technique for use in predicting fallout far downwind from nuclear bursts is developed and validated. Possible siting strategies for the next generation of missiles might invite a concentrated attack by thousands of nuclear warheads. The resulting fallout field could consist of the superposition of thousands of single burst patterns. The downwind extent of damaging radiation levels would extend beyond the distances to which calculations are usually performed for single bursts. Numerical models currently available cannot be extended to these large downwind distances because of the artificial pattern break up inherent in their numerical quadrature and because of prohibitive computing requirements. Two approaches to this problem are taken here. First, a numerical smoothing which conserves radioactivity is developed to help prevent pattern break up. This is partially successful in that it extends the predictive range farther downwind, but not far enough. The second approach is to abandon the numerical quadrature -- known as disc tossing -- and adopt a whole cloud smearing approach. The key function needed for the smearing approach, the fractional arrival rate of activity on the ground, is derived directly from physical principles and validated by comparison with an extensive series of numerical (disc tosser) predictions.

  2. Boron-isotope geochemistry. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Spivack, A.J.

    1986-01-01

    An investigation of the major aspects of the boron-isotope geochemical cycle was carried out. Particular emphasis was directed at developing a reproducible, high-precision method for the determination of boron isotope ratios in geologic materials and determining the processes that influence the boron-isotope composition of seawater. A method for the determination of the isotopic composition of boron by thermal ionization mass spectrometry of Cs/sub 2/B/sub 4/O/sub 7/ is described. Samples analyzed for boron content and isotopic composition included: seawater, unaltered mid-ocean ridge basalts (MORB), altered MORB (dredge and core samples), serpentinized periodotites, marine sediments, marine sedimentary pore waters, hydrothermally altered sediments, oceanic hydrothermal solutions, rainwater, river water and suspended sediments, island arc volcanics and a soil profile.

  3. The Doctoral Origins of Economics Faculty and the Education of New Economics Doctorates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pieper, Paul J.; Willis, Rachel A.

    1999-01-01

    Examines doctoral origins of economics faculty training new doctorates in economics. Finds that doctoral origins are highly concentrated, with the top ten schools producing 47% of the faculty at Ph.D.-granting schools, 54% of weighted doctoral-production faculty, and 67% of thesis supervisors at 47 top schools. (DSK)

  4. Social Work Science and Identity Formation for Doctoral Scholars within Intellectual Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mor Barak, Michàlle E.; Brekke, John S.

    2014-01-01

    Three themes are central to preparing doctoral students for the professoriate: identity formation, scientific integration, and intellectual communities. In this article, we argue that these three themes are not separate pillars but interlocking circles. Our main thesis is that (1) social work must develop into a distinct integrative scientific…

  5. The Lived Experience of Masters-Prepared Academic Nurse Educators Decision-Making Process for Pursuing Doctoral Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Paul J.

    2013-01-01

    Nursing professionals represent one of the largest groups of healthcare professions in the United States. Nurses who educate in academic institutions across the states require higher education. Many nurse educators have completed master's level education and are considering obtaining doctoral education for various reasons. This study explored…

  6. Effect of oxygen partial pressure on superconducting properties of Bi-2212/Ag tapes prepared by doctor-blade method

    SciTech Connect

    Inoue, N.; Okada, M.; Higashiyama, K.

    1997-06-01

    The authors have investigated the relationship between oxygen partial pressure (P{sub O{sub 2}}) during the partial-melting process and superconducting properties for doctor-blade processed Bi-2212/Ag tapes. Tapes were heat-treated at various P{sub O{sub 2}} value of 0.01-1.00 atm. The DTA results for the doctor-blade tapes showed the melting point of the oxide rose with increasing P{sub O{sub 2}}. Correspondingly, the optimum heat-treatment temperature also increased with increasing P{sub O{sub 2}}. The tapes at P{sub O{sub 2}}=1.00 atm had the highest J{sub c} values of over 10{sup 5} A/cm{sup 2} at conditions of 4.2K, 10T, and their a.c. susceptibility showed a sharp transition indicating improved intergrain coupling. Examination of cross sections for tapes melted above 0.20atm PO{sub 2} showed the good crystal alignment. From these results, it was concluded that processing at high PO{sub 2} was an effective method to obtain good superconducting properties for doctor-blade tapes.

  7. Choosing a Doctor

    MedlinePlus

    ... Choosing A Doctor Heath and Aging Choosing A Doctor Types of Primary Care Doctors Asking for Help ... is right for you. Types of Primary Care Doctors Your primary care doctor is the doctor you ...

  8. Talking with Your Doctor

    MedlinePlus

    ... with Your Doctor Planning Your Doctor Visit A Partnership How well you and your doctor talk to ... Today, a good patient-doctor relationship is a partnership. You and your doctor can work as a ...

  9. Self-Efficacy and Preparation of Scholarly Writing: Online Doctoral Coursework to Comprehensive Examination--a Mixed Method Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Sonya C.

    2013-01-01

    Writing is seldom explicitly taught, most specifically, in academic and scholarly writing. Therefore, this mixed methods correlational phenomenology research study explored the correlation between self-efficacy perception and course room preparation for the comprehensive examination, APA standards in the course room, APA standards evaluation for…

  10. Professional Doctoral Theses by Explication as Professional Management Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zuber-Skerritt, Ortrun

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to explain the nature, and identify the quality criteria of a doctoral thesis by explication for professional management development. Design/methodology/approach: A working definition of a professional doctoral explication thesis (DET) is proposed and substantiated by five experts. The paper takes a practical, educational…

  11. A randomised controlled trial of extended immersion in multi-method continuing simulation to prepare senior medical students for practice as junior doctors

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Many commencing junior doctors worldwide feel ill-prepared to deal with their new responsibilities, particularly prescribing. Simulation has been widely utilised in medical education, but the use of extended multi-method simulation to emulate the junior doctor experience has rarely been reported. Methods A randomised controlled trial compared students who underwent two, week-long, extended simulations, several months apart (Intervention), with students who attended related workshops and seminars alone (Control), for a range of outcome measures. Results Eighty-four third year students in a graduate-entry medical program were randomised, and 82 completed the study. At the end of the first week, Intervention students scored a mean of 75% on a prescribing test, compared with 70% for Control students (P = 0.02) and Intervention teams initiated cardiac compressions a mean of 29.1 seconds into a resuscitation test scenario, compared with 70.1 seconds for Control teams (P < 0.01). At the beginning of the second week, an average of nine months later, a significant difference was maintained in relation to the prescribing test only (78% vs 70%, P < 0.01). At the end of the second week, significant Intervention vs Control differences were seen on knowledge and reasoning tests, a further prescribing test (71% vs 63% [P < 0.01]) and a paediatric resuscitation scenario test (252 seconds to initiation of fluid resuscitation vs 339 seconds [P = 0.05]). Conclusions The study demonstrated long-term retention of improved prescribing skills, and an immediate effect on knowledge acquisition, reasoning and resuscitation skills, from contextualising learning activities through extended multi-method simulation. PMID:24886098

  12. Special issue: Culham Thesis Prize winners

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ham, C. J.

    2015-01-01

    The Culham Thesis Prize is awarded annually to the nominee who has displayed an excellence in the execution of the scientific method as witnessed by the award of Doctor of Philosophy in Plasma Science from a UK or Irish university. The thesis content should exhibit significant new work and originality, clearly driven by the nominee, be well explained and demonstrate a good understanding of the subject. The prize is awarded at the Institute of Physics Plasma Physics Group Spring Conference and the prize winner gives an invited talk about their thesis work. The prize is sponsored by Culham Centre for Fusion Energy.

  13. Storage of human red blood cells and platelets. Some aspects concerning the factors leading to storage lesion characterized as morphological changes and vesiculation. Minireview based on a doctoral thesis.

    PubMed

    Solberg, C

    1988-01-01

    1. Storage renders erythrocytes more responsive to thermally induced morphological changes, especially the shedding of microvesicles. 4-8 week old cells can be morphologically "rejuvenated" by heating. 2. If pH increases during storage of platelets an extensive loss of small particles occurs. The platelet disintegration is associated with a loss in the metabolic activity, discharge of LDH, increased susceptibility to phospholipid hydrolysis by phospholipase C and is found to be initiated during the actual preparation of platelet concentrates. 3. Activation of platelets during preparation can be decreased by shortening the first centrifugation time or by using adenine in the anticoagulant. 4. A 4 hour prestorage of the whole blood unit prior to centrifugation strongly decreases the activation of platelets upon stimuli and results in platelet concentrates much more stable to storage. PMID:3070889

  14. Teaching the Thesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carroll, Joyce Armstrong

    2012-01-01

    Writing a good thesis provides a successful foundation for composing an essay. Teaching how to do that, however, is quite another matter. Teachers often say to students, "Find a thesis," or "Get a thesis," or "Bring in a thesis statement tomorrow," as if students could order one like a pizza, command it like a pet pooch, or grasp one out of thin…

  15. Current Issues in Social Work Doctoral Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Harriet

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of doctoral programs in social work is to prepare research-scientists who contribute to knowledge that guides professional practice and educators competent to teach new cohorts of social work practitioners. In grooming stewards of the profession, doctoral programs also must prepare their graduates to support the larger contemporary…

  16. Developing doctoral scientists for drug discovery: pluridimensional education required.

    PubMed

    Janero, David R

    2013-02-01

    Research universities continue to produce new scientists capable of generating knowledge with the potential to inform disease etiology and treatment. Mounting interest of doctoral-level experimental science students in therapeutics-related research careers is discordant with the widespread lack of direct drug-discovery and development experience, let alone commercialization success, among university faculty and administrators. Likewise, the archetypical publication- and grant-fueled, principal investigator (PI)-focused academic system ("PI-stan") risks commoditization of science students pursuing their doctorates as a labor source, rendering them ill-prepared for career options related to therapeutics innovation by marginalizing their development of "beyond-the-bench" professional skills foundational to modern drug-discovery campaigns and career fluency. To militate against professionalization deficits in doctoral drug-discovery researchers, the author--a scientist-administrator-consultant with decades of discovery research and development (R&D), business, and educator experience in commercial and university settings--posits a critical need for pluridimensionality in graduate education and mentorship that extends well beyond thesis-related scientific domains/laboratory techniques to instill transferable operational-intelligence, project/people-management, and communication competencies. Specific initiatives are advocated to help enhance the doctoral science student's market competitiveness, adaptability, and navigation of the significant research, commercial, and occupational challenges associated with contemporary preclinical drug-discovery R&D. PMID:23231364

  17. Preparing for your Doctor Visit

    MedlinePlus

    ... Attitude Self-Care + Coping Skills Complementary + Integrative Therapies Acupuncture Biofeedback Massage for Neuropathy Mind + Body Tai Chi ... Attitude Self-Care + Coping Skills Complementary + Integrative Therapies Acupuncture Biofeedback Massage for Neuropathy Mind + Body Tai Chi ...

  18. Current management for improved railgun performance. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Beno, J.H.

    1989-01-01

    Continued railgun development toward high-energy devices that launch useful projectiles and have a lifetime of hundreds to thousands of shots, requires progress in two related aspects of accelerator design: (1) rail containment structures must be made capable of withstanding greater rail repulsion forces, without causing accelerators to become too bulky for their intended use; and (2) rails must sustain very minor heat-related damage during projectile launch. The potential for managing rail current and its distribution to alleviate the two aforementioned problems is investigated. Techniques for calculating pulsed, rail current distribution, in the infinite-conductivity approximation, and resultant projectile force are developed. Then, passive, current management methods -- involving multiple rail pairs to distribute currents and rail-repulsive forces in a few, evenly-spaced, radial directions, for easier rail containment -- are explored. Optimized multi-rail, railgun cross sectional shapes that produce more projectile force than conventional two-rail railguns operating under the same local peak current density constraints are determined. These railguns have nontraditional bore shapes, i.e., not square or round. The use of neighboring, current-carrying conductors to actively influence rail current distribution is then studied.

  19. Discrete elements method of neutral particle transport. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Mathews, K.A.

    1983-10-01

    A new 'discrete elements' (LN) transport method is derived and compared to the discrete ordinates SN method, theoretically and by numerical experimentation. The discrete elements method is more accurate than discrete ordinates and strongly ameliorates ray effects for the practical problems studied. The discrete elements method is shown to be more cost effective in terms of execution time with comparable storage to attain the same accuracy, for a one-dimensional test case using linear characteristic spatial quadrature. In a two-dimensional test case, a vacuum duct in a shield, LN is more consistently convergent toward a Monte Carlo benchmark solution than SN, using step characteristic spatial quadrature. An analysis of the interaction of angular and spatial quadrature in xy-geometry indicates the desirability of using linear characteristic spatial quadrature with the LN method. The discrete elements method is based on discretizing the Boltzmann equation over a set of elements of angle. The zeroth and first angular moments of the directional flux, over each element, are estimated by numerical quadrature and yield a flux-weighted average streaming direction for the element. (Data for this estimation are fluxes in fixed directions calculated as in SN.)

  20. Study of North Atlantic ventilation using transient tracers. Doctoral Thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Doney, S.C.

    1991-08-01

    Tritium, (3)He, and chlorofluorocarbon distributions in the North Atlantic provide constraints on the ventilation time-scales for the thermocline and abyssal water. A new model function based on a factor analysis of the WMO/IAEA precipitation data set is developed for predicting the spatial and temporal patterns of bomb-tritium in precipitation. Model atmospheric and advective tritium inputs to the North Atlantic are compared with the observed bomb-tritium inventories calculated from the 1972 GEOSECS and 1981-1983 TTO data sets. The observed growth of bomb-tritium levels in the deep North Atlantic are used, along with the tracer gradients ((3)H and (3)He) in the Deep Western Boundary Current, to estimate abyssal ventilation rates and boundary current recirculation. The surface boundary conditions for different transient tracers are found to profoundly effect thermocline ventilation rates estimates. Tracers that equilibrate rapidly with the atmosphere, such as (3)He and the CFCs, have faster apparent ventilation rates and are more appropriate for estimating oxygen utilization rates than tracers that are reset slowly in the surface ocean (e.g. (3)H and (14)C). The chlorofluorocarbon data for a new section in the eastern North Atlantic are presented and used to illustrate the ventilation time-scales for the major water masses in the region. (Copyright (c) Scott C. Doney, 1991.)

  1. Bat groundwater monitoring system in contaminant studies. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Mines, B.S.

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to provide an in-depth, comprehensive study to compare results from the BAT probe and Teflon bailers from nearby monitoring wells. Volatile organic compounds are typically the most difficult contaminants to sample. The research was performed by taking samples within a small radius around monitoring wells at two leaking underground storage tank sites and taking bailer samples from the monitoring wells. BAT sampling will also be performed inside the monitoring wells to ensure basically the same water is being sampled.

  2. The politics of Peacekeeper Rail Garrison. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Van Tassel, A.R.

    1992-01-01

    In 1985, the Congress capped at 50 the number of Peacekeeper ICBMs that could be deployed in vulnerable Minuteman silos, thereby sending the Reagan administration and the Air Force in search of another basing mode so that 100 of the ton-warhead missiles could be deployed as recommended by the Scowcroft Commission. The result was Peacekeeper rail garrison--a strategic nuclear weapon system that combined the Peacekeeper missile with railroad trains garrisoned at military installations. The missile trains would have dispersed across the nation's railways only during times of 'national need like the Cuban Missile Crisis. This case study examines the politics of that weapon system in order to contribute to the literature regarding weapons acquisition, test a number of propositions suggested by the bureaucratic politics model, and assess the influence of nonbureaucratic forces and actors on Peacekeeper rail garrison's fortunes.

  3. Particle simulation of auroral double layers. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, B.L.

    1992-06-01

    Externally driven magnetic reconnection has been proposed as a possible mechanism for production of auroral electrons during magnetic substorms. Fluid simulations of magnetic reconnection lead to strong plasma flows towards the increasing magnetic field of the earth. These plasma flows must generate large scale potential drops to preserve global charge neutrality. We have examined currentless injection of plasma along a dipole magnetic field into a bounded region using both analytic techniques and particle simulation.

  4. Risk mitigation methodology for solid waste landfills. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Nixon, W.B.

    1995-05-01

    Several recent models have attempted to simulate or assess the probability and consequences of the leakage of aqueous contaminant leakage from solid waste landfills. These models incorporate common factors, including climatological and geological characteristics. Each model, however, employs a unique approach to the problem, assigns different relative weights to factors, and relies upon extrapolated small-scale experimental data and/or subjective judgment in predicting the full-scale landfill failure mechanisms leading to contaminant migration. As a result, no two models are likely to equally assess a given landfill, and no one model has been validated as a predictor of long-term performance. The United States Air Force maintains a database for characterization of potential hazardous waste sites. Records include more than 500 landfills, providing such information as waste, soil, aquifer, monitoring location data, and the results of sample testing. Through analysis of this information, nearly 300 landfills were assessed to have sufficiently, partially, or inadequately contained hazardous constituents of the wastes placed within them.

  5. Vibrational spectroscopic studies of adsorbates on bimetallic surfaces. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Kuhn, W.K.

    1992-12-01

    In this work, well-defined bimetallic surfaces have been studied using carbon monoxide adsorption in conjunction with infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRAS). These studies have indicated that for CO adsorbed on Cu overlayers, the bond between the CO and the Cu adatoms is comprised of both pi-back-donation and polarization interaction components. The sum of the contributions from these effects determines the observed bond strength with the observed CO stretching frequency being determined by the relative contributions of the components. In addition, it was determined that IR spectra of adsorbed CO show a remarkable sensitivity to surface structure. Three-dimensional Cu clusters, well-ordered two dimensional Cu islands and isolated Cu atoms are distinctively characterized by their CO IR peaks. In addition, both disorder-order and order-order transitions are observed for the metal overlayers on the single crystal metal substrates. It was also observed that localized segregation and ordering of mixed Co and S overlayers on a Mo(110) substrate occurs upon annealing.

  6. Geochemistry of beryllium isotopes: Applications in geochronometry. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, E.T.

    1990-01-01

    The cosmogenic radioisotope beryllium-10 (half-life= 1.5 Myr) has been determined in suites of samples from tropical river systems and from areas of the oceans influenced by input from the continents, and also within the mineral lattices of quartz grains from Antarctic moraines. These data have been used to investigate the geochemistry of 10Be and apply that knowledge to development of geochronometric techniques. Beryllium-10 is primarily produced by neutron-induced spallation of 14N and 16O in the atmosphere; its flux to the Earth's surface at low latitude was examined through measurements in tropical rainfall. Distributions of 10Be and 9Be (the stable isotope) in dissolved and particulate phases in tropical rivers were used, in conjunction with major ion data, to delineate the geochemical cycle of Be in these river systems. The present work applies in situ cosmogenic production to the examination of the deposition history of moraines of varying ages in Antarctica. It also yields estimates of 10Be and 26Al production rates: 6.4(+5.9-1.5) at/g yr and 42(+20-6) at/g yr at sea level and high geomagnetic latitude.

  7. Prenatal lead exposure and bone growth. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Hamilton, J.D.; O'Flaherty, E.J.

    1990-07-24

    An experimental system of lead (7439921) related prenatal and postnatal growth retardation in rats was developed. Sprague-Dawley-rats and Long-Evans-rats were used in these studies. Rats were exposed to lead in their drinking water at up to 1000 parts per million. A significant effect on fetal bone mineralization could not be excluded and there was a definite effect on fetal body weight following maternal lead exposure. Reduced food intake during the first week of lead exposure was the primary determinant of reduced body and skeletal growth in the lead exposed weanling female rats. When maternal lead exposure was continued during lactation a greater degree of lead related growth retardation in rat offspring occurred than when maternal lead exposure was terminated at parturition. Combined prenatal and postnatal lead exposure impaired bone resorption and increased growth plate widths. In studies using matrix induced endochondral bone plaques, locally applied lead enhanced plaque mineralization through comineralization of lead with calcium. When lead was administered in drinking water, plaque mineralization was also enhanced through the comineralization of lead with calcium.

  8. Biochemical remediation of a TNT contaminated soil. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Young, D.G.

    1995-06-01

    This research presents the first field evidence for the phytoremediation of a TNT contaminated soil by the emersed aquatic plant, Myriophyllum brasiliense. Commonly known as Parrotfeather, this plant features a nitroreductase enzyme capable of promoting the reduction of the nitro groups on TNT to the corresponding amino groups. The proposed reductive pathway takes the TNT through isomers of monoamino and diamino to the final triaminonitrotoluene (TNT) Once in the TAT form and in the presence of oxygen, the final oxidative step quickly yields ring opened products and complete phytoremediation of TNT.

  9. Diabetic retinopathy. Screening and prevention of blindness. A doctoral thesis.

    PubMed

    Kristinsson, J K

    1997-01-01

    Diabetic eye disease is a major cause of blindness in the Western World and remains one of the most serious complications of diabetes mellitus. Retinopathy is the ocular complication of diabetes that most often leads to impaired vision. In recent years laser treatment has been introduced that can significantly decrease the likelihood of blindness in diabetic patients, if the eyes are treated at the appropriate stage of the disease. It remains a public health problem to make sure that each patient is treated at the optimal time in the development of the eye disease. Several types of screening programs have been designed throughout the world to meet this problem. We now report on our active screening program for diabetic eye disease and describe the sight and eye condition of the diabetic patients who have been involved in this program. In 1980, regular eye screening for diabetic retinopathy was initiated at Department of Ophthalmology, Landakot Hospital. The number of diabetic patients seen regularly has increased considerably since then, with 70-80% of type 1 diabetic patients in the country participating in the program in 1990, increasing to over 90% in 1994. About a fifth of type 2 diabetics in the country participated in the program in 1990. The patients have undergone annual eye examinations and fundus photography. Laser treatment is administered for proliferative retinopathy and diabetic macular edema according to the Diabetic Retinopathy Study and Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study criteria. In 1990, we embarked on a cross-sectional study to evaluate the prevalence of retinopathy and visual impairment of the type 1 and type 2 patients participating in our program. At the time of study, 205 insulin-taking patients, with age at diagnosis of less than 30 years, participated in our screening program. Out of those, retinopathy was present in 106 (52%), patients proliferative retinopathy in 26 (13%) and macular edema in 19 (9%). Visual acuity of 196 patients (96%) was equal or better than 6/12 in their better eye, 6 patients (3%) had 6/18-6/36 in their better eye, and 2 patients (1%) had equal or worse than 6/60 in their better eye, or legally blind. We concluded that the prevalence of retinopathy and visual impairment in type 1 diabetic patients in the country was low compared with other countries. In 1990, out of 245 diabetic patients with Type 2 diabetes, retinopathy was present in 100 patients (41%), proliferative retinopathy had been present in 17 (7%) and 24 (10%) had diabetic macular edema. A total of 224 patients (91%) had visual acuity equal or better than 6/12 in their better eye, 17 patients (7%) with 6/18-6/36 in their better eye, and 4 patients (1.6%) equal or worse than 6/60 in their better eye, or legally blind. We concluded that the prevalence of visual impairment of those type 2 diabetic patients participating in our screening program at the time of study was low compared with population-based studies from other countries. In 1992 we examined ways to make the screening program more efficient by identifying subgroups at low risk for developing eye disease that required treatment and therefore needed less frequent screening. We studied whether diabetic eye disease screening programs could be trimmed by excluding children and examining diabetic patients without retinopathy every other year. We examined all children under the age of 15 at the time of study and went through the files of all patients under age 15 examined from 1980 to 1992 at our diabetic eye screening program. We also followed for two years the type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients found to have no retinopathy in 1990, establishing their retinopathy stage two years later. Our results indicated that diabetic children under the age of 12 do not need regular screening for eye disease. Biannual examinations seemed to suffice in type 1 and 2 diabetic patients without retinopathy. (ABSTRACT TRUNCATED) PMID:9559048

  10. Modelling giant radio halos. Doctoral Thesis Award Lecture 2012

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Donnert, J. M. F.

    2013-06-01

    We review models for giant radio halos in clusters of galaxies, with a focus on numerical and theoretical work. After summarising the most important observations of these objects, we present an introduction to the theoretical aspects of hadronic models. We compare these models with observations using simulations and find severe problems for hadronic models. We give a short introduction to reacceleration models and show results from the first simulation of CRe reacceleration in cluster mergers. We find that in-line with previous theoretical work, reacceleration models are able to elegantly explain main observables of giant radio halos.

  11. Diarrhea - what to ask your doctor - child

    MedlinePlus

    What to ask your doctor about diarrhea - child; Loose stools - what to ask your doctor - child ... FOODS What foods can make my child's diarrhea worse? How should I prepare the foods for my child? If my child is still breastfeeding or bottle feeding, do I ...

  12. Preparation for Leadership Personnel: Post-Doctoral Program in Research with Minority Handicapped Children at the Juniper Gardens Children's Project. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenwood, Charles R.; Arreaga-Mayer, Carmen

    This final report describes a federally funded project which provided post-doctoral training in research with minority, handicapped children at the Juniper Gardens Children's Project, University of Kansas. Covered in the report are the project's objectives, philosophy and assumptions, results, training activities, activities completed, program…

  13. The tractable cognition thesis.

    PubMed

    Van Rooij, Iris

    2008-09-01

    The recognition that human minds/brains are finite systems with limited resources for computation has led some researchers to advance the Tractable Cognition thesis: Human cognitive capacities are constrained by computational tractability. This thesis, if true, serves cognitive psychology by constraining the space of computational-level theories of cognition. To utilize this constraint, a precise and workable definition of "computational tractability" is needed. Following computer science tradition, many cognitive scientists and psychologists define computational tractability as polynomial-time computability, leading to the P-Cognition thesis. This article explains how and why the P-Cognition thesis may be overly restrictive, risking the exclusion of veridical computational-level theories from scientific investigation. An argument is made to replace the P-Cognition thesis by the FPT-Cognition thesis as an alternative formalization of the Tractable Cognition thesis (here, FPT stands for fixed-parameter tractable). Possible objections to the Tractable Cognition thesis, and its proposed formalization, are discussed, and existing misconceptions are clarified. PMID:21585437

  14. The Tractable Cognition Thesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Rooij, Iris

    2008-01-01

    The recognition that human minds/brains are finite systems with limited resources for computation has led some researchers to advance the "Tractable Cognition thesis": Human cognitive capacities are constrained by computational tractability. This thesis, if true, serves cognitive psychology by constraining the space of computational-level theories…

  15. Original Knowledge, Gender and the Word's Mythology: Voicing the Doctorate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Susan

    2012-01-01

    Using mythology as a generative matrix, this article investigates the relationship between knowledge, words, embodiment and gender as they play out in academic writing's voice and, in particular, in doctoral voice. The doctoral thesis is defensive, a performance seeking admittance into discipline scholarship. Yet in finding its scholarly voice,…

  16. Learning Networks and the Journey of "Becoming Doctor"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnacle, Robyn; Mewburn, Inger

    2010-01-01

    Scholars such as Kamler and Thompson argue that identity formation has a key role to play in doctoral learning, particularly the process of thesis writing. This article builds on these insights to address other sites in which scholarly identity is performed within doctoral candidature. Drawing on actor-network theory, the authors examine the role…

  17. Preparation of the CARMENES Input Catalogue: Mining Public Archives for Stellar Parameters and Spectra of M Dwarfs with Master Thesis Students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Montes, D.; Caballero, J. A.; Alonso-Floriano, F. J.; Cortes Contreras, M.; Gonzalez-Alvarez, E.; Hidalgo, D.; Holgado, G.; Llamas, M.; Martinez-Rodriguez, H.; Sanz-Forcada, J.

    2015-01-01

    We help compiling the most comprehensive database of M dwarfs ever built, CARMENCITA, the CARMENES Cool dwarf Information and daTa Archive, which will be the CARMENES `input catalogue'. In addition to the science preparation with low- and high-resolution spectrographs and lucky imagers (see the other contributions in this volume), we compile a huge pile of public data on over 2100 M dwarfs, and analyze them, mostly using virtual-observatory tools. Here we describe four specific actions carried out by master and grade students. They mine public archives for additional high-resolution spectroscopy (UVES, FEROS and HARPS), multi-band photometry (FUV-NUV-u-B-g-V-r-R-i-J-H-Ks-W1-W2-W3-W4), X-ray data (ROSAT, XMM-Newton and Chandra), periods, rotational velocities and Hα pseudo-equivalent widths. As described, there are many interdependences between all these data.

  18. The views of doctors in their first year of medical practice on the lasting impact of a preparation for house officer course they undertook as final year medical students

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background The UK General Medical Council recommends that medical students have the opportunity of shadowing the outgoing new doctor whose post they will soon undertake. At the University of Nottingham the two-week shadowing period was preceded by two weeks of lectures/seminars wherein students followed sessions on topics such as common medical/surgical emergencies, contracts, time management, surviving the first two years of clinical practice, careers advice and so on. The present study aimed to gain a better knowledge and understanding of the lasting impact of a four-week preparation course for new Foundation Year 1 doctors [F1 s - interns]. The objectives chosen to achieve this aim were: 1/ to determine the extent to which the lecture/seminar course and shadowing period achieved their stated aim of smoothing the transition from life as a medical student to work as a new doctor; 2/ to evaluate perceptions of the importance of various forms of knowledge in easing the transition between medical student and new doctor Method In the spring of 2007, 90 graduates from Nottingham were randomly selected and then emailed a link to a short, online survey of quantitative and qualitative questions. Of these 76 responded. Analysis of quantitative data was carried out using SPSS 16.0 and employed McNemar's test. Analysis of the qualitative data was carried out using the constant comparative method. Results Only 31% of respondents strongly agreed or agreed that the lecture/seminar part of the course prepared them well for their first FY1 post; 14% agreed that during their first job they drew on the knowledge gained during the lecture/seminar course; 94% strongly agreed or agreed that the shadowing part of the course was more useful than the lecture/seminar part. Experiential knowledge gained in the shadowing was the most highly valued, followed by procedural knowledge with propositional knowledge coming far behind. Conclusions Our study shows that new doctors retrospectively

  19. Degree by Thesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Courtis, Barbara

    1974-01-01

    Discusses a student's experience with a research project on the synthesis and reactions of an organo-platinum complex with an organo-Group IV linkage, including the advantages and disadvantages of such a degree by thesis course. (CC)

  20. Finnish Doctoral Theses on Pedagogical Themes in a Production-Time Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heinonen, Veikko; Kari, Jouko

    1990-01-01

    A questionnaire completed by 119 researchers defending doctoral theses in Finland before 1986 shows that the average age for women defending a thesis was 39.7, an average of 2.4 years older than for men. An average of 3.5 years was required for doctoral studies, with about 13.6 months spent in final thesis revision. (SLD)

  1. Producing the Professional Doctorate: The Portfolio as a Legitimate Alternative to the Dissertation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, T. W.; Kupczyk-Romanczuk, G.

    2009-01-01

    This paper outlines the potential of the portfolio as a product of doctoral work, especially in the Professional Doctorates. It compares the traditional mode of a single, lengthy but clearly focused doctoral dissertation with the portfolio as a collection of shorter research reports, held together by a linking paper articulating the thesis. We…

  2. Suicide In Doctors And Wives Of Doctors

    PubMed Central

    Sakinofsky, Isaac

    1980-01-01

    This paper re-examines the widespread belief that doctors have a proneness for suicide greater than the general population. The Standardized Mortality Ratio for male physicians is 335 and for single women doctors 257. Doctors' wives have an even greater risk: their SMR is 458. These rates for doctors are higher than for most other professional groups (except pharmacists) and the rate for doctors' wives far exceeds that for wives of other professionals. The intrinsic causes of the physician's high occupational mortality include his knowledge of toxicology and ready access to lethal drugs, so that impulsive suicide is more often successful. Professional stress and overwork, particularly the unrelenting responsibility for decisions upon which the lives of others may depend, have been inculpated. These stresses interact with the decline in the doctors' self-respect and with a personality that is prestige-oriented and independent. Some physicians turn in their frustration to alcohol/and or drugs, accelerating the process of deterioration. The high suicide rate in doctors' wives appears to be the result of unrequited needs for caring and dependency which the doctors' career demands and personality deny them. PMID:21293651

  3. Doctoral Women: Managing Emotions, Managing Doctoral Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aitchison, Claire; Mowbray, Susan

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores the experiences of women doctoral students and the role of emotion during doctoral candidature. The paper draws on the concept of emotional labour to examine the two sites of emotional investment students experienced and managed during their studies: writing and family relationships. Emotion is perceived by many dominant…

  4. Choosing the best doctor

    MedlinePlus

    ... gov/ency/article/002069.htm Choosing the best doctor To use the sharing features on this page, ... patient care methods. Prescriber Checkup and Dollars for Doctors These pages are run by ProPublica, a nonprofit ...

  5. Succeeding with Your Doctorate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wellington, Jerry; Bathmaker, Ann Marie; Hunt, Cheryl; McCulloch, Gary; Sikes, Pat

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this book is to support, inform and guide students (and by implication their supervisors) through a doctoral programme. The book is intended for students working towards either a "taught" doctorate (such as an EdD) or a course of study leading to a PhD. The authors recognize that doctoral programmes have changed and these changes are…

  6. Doctoral Scientists in Oceanography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, Washington, DC. Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences.

    The purpose of this report was to classify and count doctoral scientists in the United States trained in oceanography and/or working in oceanography. Existing data from three sources (National Research Council's "Survey of Earned Doctorates," and "Survey of Doctorate Recipients," and the Ocean Sciences Board's "U.S. Directory of Marine…

  7. Developing Online Doctoral Programmes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chipere, Ngoni

    2015-01-01

    The objectives of the study were to identify best practices in online doctoral programming and to synthesise these practices into a framework for developing online doctoral programmes. The field of online doctoral studies is nascent and presents challenges for conventional forms of literature review. The literature was therefore reviewed using a…

  8. Complete Your Dissertation or Thesis in Two Semesters or Less

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogden, Evelyn Hunt

    2006-01-01

    This newly updated guide describes how to effectively and efficiently manage the dissertation or thesis process in two semesters or less. Written for doctoral and master's degree students enrolled in on-campus programs and students pursuing accelerated and online-based degree programs, this book demystifies the seemingly daunting process. From…

  9. The Las Vegas Thesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sughrua, William

    2010-01-01

    Following "reflexive ethnography" and utilizing an approach of "performative narrative" and "layered text", this article explores how Bachelor of Arts students in the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language program at a public university in Mexico successfully manage the writing of an inductive-oriented thesis in English by resisting…

  10. Going beyond the Thesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Andrew C.

    2010-01-01

    Most every writing teacher can relate to the curse of reading yet another incoherent essay, the contents of which resemble an unorganized junk drawer of thoughts. Such essays cry out for a main idea. The remedy is a thesis, and teachers rightly take pains to help students discover this. Yet in spite of this, writing teachers ought to bear in mind…

  11. Doctors in Balzac's work.

    PubMed

    Moulin, Thierry

    2013-01-01

    Balzac wrote his novels during a time of great literary and scientific change. Romanticism gave way to the school of realism, of which Balzac could be considered the founder. It was via realism, where both the positive and negative aspects of life were depicted, that doctors naturally gained a much more active role in novels. In conjunction with this was the development of science and medicine, which fascinated Balzac, also leading to the significant and prevalent role of doctors in his works. His fascination with the sciences led to him to gain many acquaintances and much knowledge in the medical domain, especially in neuropsychiatry and physiology. His fictional doctors, such as Desplein and Bianchon, thus demonstrate considerable knowledge of pathology, physiology, and neuropsychiatry. The doctors in Balzac's novels can be grouped into four categories: provincial doctors, Parisian doctors, country doctors, and military doctors. They were most often fictitious representations of real individuals (e.g. Guillaume Dupuytren), and often symbolize schools of thought which were in vogue at the time. In addition to the accurate scientific depiction of doctors, it must be noted that his doctors not only played an active role in clinically assessing their patients, but also had a sociological role in assessing society; it is through his doctors that Balzac gave his opinion of the world in which he lived. PMID:23485904

  12. Rainbow of Chaos: A study into the Theory and Practice of Integrated Primary Care: Pim P. Valentijn, [S.l.: s.n.], 2015 (Print Service Ede), pp. 195, Doctoral Thesis Tilburg University, The Netherlands, ISBN: 978-94-91602-40-5.

    PubMed

    Valentijn, Pim P

    2016-01-01

    This thesis aimed to contribute to a better understanding of what integrated primary care is, and how it can be achieved by focussing on the collaboration processes that underlie the development of integrated primary care. The first part of this thesis operationalized the concept of integrated care from a primary care perspective. The second part of this thesis described the collaboration mechanisms among integrated care projects that were part of a national integrated primary care study in The Netherlands. PMID:27616959

  13. Doctor on a mountaineering expedition.

    PubMed Central

    A'Court, C. H.; Stables, R. H.; Travis, S.

    1995-01-01

    Doctors are welcome members on mountaineering expeditions to remote areas, but practical advice on how to prepare and what kit to take can be difficult to find. This article is a ragbag of useful advice on diverse topics. It explains the necessary preparation, provides tips for a healthy expedition, and summarises the common disorders encountered at high altitude. The comprehensive drug and equipment lists and first aid kit for climbers were used for the 1992 Everest in winter expedition. They are there to be sacrificed to personal preference and the experience and size of individual expeditions. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 PMID:7767198

  14. Urban Culturally and Ethnically Diverse Doctoral Students and Their Perceptions of Doctoral Program Design Features and Procedures: An Evaluation Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nevin, Ann I.; Barbetta, Patricia; Cramer, Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    The mission for Urban SEALS (Special Education Academic Leaders), a federally funded doctoral preparation program, is to prepare doctoral-level special educators, including those who are culturally and/or linguistically diverse (CLD) to assume leadership roles in the education of urban students with disabilities who are CLD. This report provides…

  15. Writing a Structured Abstract for the Thesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartley, James

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the author's suggestions on how to improve thesis abstracts. The author describes two books on writing abstracts: (1) "Creating Effective Conference Abstracts and Posters in Biomedicine: 500 tips for Success" (Fraser, Fuller & Hutber, 2009), a compendium of clear advice--a must book to have in one's hand as one prepares a…

  16. Finding the Genesis for a Thesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caroll, Joyce Armstrong

    2013-01-01

    This article describes a prewriting heuristics strategy that can help students find the genesis of their thesis. The 3 functions of the heuristic procedure are that it aids in retrieving relevant information stored in the mind; draws attention to important information that can be further researched or accessed; and prepares the mind for the…

  17. Strategies for Finding and Selecting an Ideal Thesis or Dissertation Topic: A Review of Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lei, Simon A.

    2009-01-01

    Choosing an ideal master's thesis or doctoral dissertation topic is probably one of the most important decisions students will make while in graduate school. Some graduate students may spend a year or even longer looking for potential topics before finally selecting one for their thesis or dissertation. There are a number of successful strategies…

  18. Thesis by Publication in Education: An Autoethnographic Perspective for Educational Researchers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merga, Margaret K.

    2015-01-01

    Despite its growing popularity, the thesis by publication is a less conventional format for doctoral dissertations in the field of education. The author successfully undertook a thesis by publication in education from 2012, to submission in 2014. This paper draws on both the literature in the field and the experiences of the author through an…

  19. "Breaking the Mold" in the Dissertation: Implementing a Problem-Based, Decision-Oriented Thesis Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Archbald, Doug

    2010-01-01

    This article offers lessons from an initiative refashioning the doctoral thesis in an education leadership program. The program serves a practitioner clientele; most are teachers and administrators. The new model for the thesis emphasizes leadership, problem solving, decision making, and organizational improvement. The former model was a…

  20. The Nexus of Reading, Writing and Researching in the Doctoral Undertaking of Humanities and Social Sciences: Implications for Literature Reviewing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kwan, Becky S.C.

    2008-01-01

    One indispensable task in the doctoral undertaking in the humanities and social sciences is that of reviewing the literature. To many graduate students, finding the "right" direction of reviewing is a particularly grueling experience, a practical concern seldom addressed in thesis manuals and studies of the doctoral thesis. This paper is an…

  1. Searching for "Doctorateness"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wellington, Jerry

    2013-01-01

    The question of what a doctorate is has been looked at before. The author argues that the issue of "doctorateness" is a recurring debate which needs to kept alive and revisited regularly. The aim of this article is to suggest five different areas or arenas in which the question can be addressed, forming a framework which can perhaps be…

  2. Should junior doctors strike?

    PubMed

    Toynbee, Mark; Al-Diwani, Adam Aj; Clacey, Joe; Broome, Matthew R

    2016-03-01

    An impasse in negotiations between the Department of Health (DoH) and the British Medical Association in November this year led to an overwhelming vote for industrial action (IA) by junior doctors. At the time of writing, a last minute concession by DoH led to a deferment of IA to allow further negotiations mediated by the Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service. However, IA by junior doctors remains a possibility if these negotiations stall again. Would the proposed action be ethically justifiable? Furthermore, is IA by doctors ever ethically defendable? Building on previous work, we explore important ethical considerations for doctors considering IA. The primary moral objection to doctors striking is often claimed to be risk of harm to patients. Other common arguments against IA by doctors include breaching their vocational responsibilities and possible damage to their relationship with patients and the public in general. These positions are in turn countered by claims of a greater long-term good and the legal and moral rights of employees to strike. Absolute restrictions appear to be hard to justify in the modern context, as does an unrestricted right to IA. We review these arguments, find that some common moral objections to doctors striking may be less relevant to the current situation, that a stronger contemporary objection to IA might be from a position of social justice and suggest criteria for ethically permissible doctor IA. PMID:26758366

  3. Conceptualizing the Practitioner Doctorate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lester, Stan

    2004-01-01

    Professional doctorates now form an established alternative to the PhD, both in the UK and Australia. Recent developments have seen the emergence of what some commentators call second-generation doctorates, more closely geared to the needs of professional practitioners. The current culmination of this development is represented by what might be…

  4. Doctors as managers: poachers turned gamekeepers?

    PubMed

    Hunter, D J

    1992-08-01

    Doctors in health care systems of different types are coming under increasing pressure to take on active roles in management. Mounting concern among governments over the escalating costs of health care, coupled with a desire to improve the quality of care and render services more responsive to user preferences has resulted in management being viewed as offering an effective means of tackling these issues. Until recently, the favoured strategy was to strengthen management in order to curb doctors' discretionary decision-making. There is now a shift towards creating managers out of doctors with all that this implies for the future shape of health services. There are also issues about the training and development required for a management role, the stratification of roles within the medical profession, and the future status of lay, or non-medical managers. The paper reviews the debate about doctors and managers and their distinctive value bases. It suggests that doctors can be involved in management as managers at two levels--meso and micro--and considers the issues raised at each level. The paper presents an analysis of the wider context in which the debate about doctors as managers is taking place. The main thesis put forward is that far from managers incorporating doctors, the end result may prove to be the other way round with 'provider capture' of the management agenda in health services a distinct possibility. In contrast to managers, doctors retain enormous public respect and support. As long as it is so doctors will remain powerful stakeholders in defining and controlling the shape and range of health services available. Their active involvement in management could lead to a strengthening of their position. It is argued that, paradoxically, this could make it more difficult for governments to challenge doctors' work practices. Medicine's traditional preoccupations and its resilience to change are likely to remain as strong as ever thereby disappointing

  5. [Doctors' alcohol problems].

    PubMed

    Florkowski, Antoni; Gruszczyński, Wojciech; Gałecki, Piotr; Szubert, Sławomir; Klus, Marek; Zboralski, Krzysztof

    2008-01-01

    An overusing and an addiction to alcoholic drinks are important problems in a medical society. The studies made in the United States had documented that about 8-12% doctors were addicted to alcohol. In many cases the doctors are able to keep their problem as a secret and their activity is satisfied up to the moment when a decrease is noticed. Some factors--such as a high level of stress--predispose doctors to alcoholic problems especially surgeons. Alcohol problems should be identified as early as possible, and therapy ought to be given as well. There is no reason to hide the problem. PMID:19025048

  6. Preparing the future of astronomy PhDs in France

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boissier, S.; Buat, V.; Cambresy, L.

    2015-12-01

    The numbers of doctors in astronomy formed in France has been increasing for 15 years, a time during which the number of openings for permanent positions has remained constant. As it is well known by the young generations, the pressure on the research position is high, putting many post-doctoral researchers in difficult situations for up to 10 years after their defence. We have to prepare students and post-doctoral researchers to maximize their chances for both academia and the private sector. In this spirit, the 2015 SF2A conference included a lunch meeting with former members of hiring committee and a workshop on the valorization of the astronomy thesis. We believe awareness of both young and senior researchers is important to provide PhDs with a robust background and modern methods, valuable in their future, whichever it is.

  7. Annual Report: Doctoral Program Committee, Academic Year 1996-97.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lievrouw, Leah A.; Leazer, Greg; Lynch, Beverly; Abler, Susan; Mediavilla, Cynthia

    This document summarizes the activities of the University of California, Los Angeles's (UCLA's) Department of Library and Information Science (DLIS) Doctoral Program Committee, 1996-97. These activities are organized into two main areas: Operations and Students. Doctoral Program Committee (DPC) operations outlined include: preparing major policy…

  8. New age app doctors.

    PubMed

    Casey, Mike

    2013-01-01

    Junior doctors of today are being issued with an Apple iPad when they start their education. They will be the senior consultants of the future. The junior doctors rate of adoption in new technology is far greater than before as they have been born in a digital age. This is fortunate, because every country with sophisticated health care is exposed to greater demands on the service either through increased numbers of elderly patients or more sophisticated treatments. Doctors need to be more mobile to flexibly treat their patients. They need to be able to access patient details while they are on the move. They need to be part of the innovation revolution. They are born in the digital world and need to be central to the design of clinical applications and technology in health care--they are "new age app doctors." PMID:24377144

  9. Doctor-patient relationship

    PubMed Central

    Chamsi-Pasha, Hassan; Albar, Mohammed A.

    2016-01-01

    The doctor-patient relationship is an intricate concept in which patients voluntarily approach a doctor and become part of a contract by which they tend to abide by doctor’s instructions. Over recent decades, this relationship has changed dramatically due to privatization and commercialization of the health sector. A review of the relevant literature in the database of MEDLINE published in English between 1966 and August 2015 was performed with the following keywords: doctor-patient relationship, physician-patient relationship, ethics, and Islam. The Muslim doctor should be familiar with the Islamic teachings on the daily issues faced in his/her practice and the relationship with his/her patients. PMID:26837392

  10. Doctor of osteopathic medicine

    MedlinePlus

    ... and Wilkins; 2010. Gevitz N. The "doctor of osteopathy": expanding the scope of practice. J Am Osteopath ... 6):ES28-S38. Moore WJ. The eccentricities of osteopathy. BMJ . 2012;345:e5890. Stark J. A degree ...

  11. ASGE: Find a Doctor

    MedlinePlus

    ... Join ASGE Event Calendar Cart LOG IN MEMBERS HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS PATIENTS ADVOCACY Advocacy Agenda Legislation Regulation Take Action ... New Members GI-Related Links MEMBERS Find A Doctor About ASGE Members ASGE physicians and surgeons have ...

  12. Finding the Right Doctor

    MedlinePlus

    ... you meet someone that doesn’t match your communication style, you should switch,” Dr. Krumholz said. Another part ... for looking around: When you feel that the communication style is not matching your own If your doctor ...

  13. Talking to Your Doctor

    MedlinePlus Videos and Cool Tools

    ... can play an active role in your health care by talking to your doctor. Clear and honest ... Institute on Aging (NIA) Cancer Communication in Cancer Care , National Cancer Institute (NCI) Español Complementary and Integrative ...

  14. Choosing the best doctor

    MedlinePlus

    ... in your area participates in NCQA recognition programs. Participation means that the doctor is focused on providing ... recognition.ncqa.org . Accessed November 20, 2014. Public Citizen. Physician Accountability. www.citizen.org/Page.aspx?pid= ...

  15. Professional Identity Development Theory and Doctoral Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colbeck, Carol L.

    2008-01-01

    Students learn their chosen profession's abstract body of professional knowledge and its associated skills during lengthy degree programs and apprenticeships. In the process, each student is crafting a sense of identity as a particular type of professional. The period of doctoral preparation is particularly important because although identity is…

  16. Promoting Team Leadership Skills in Doctoral Candidates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suleiman, Mahmoud; Whetton, Danny

    2014-01-01

    Doctoral programs can serve as an optimal opportunity for candidates to engage in tasks and activities to transform them and their schools. The paradigm shifts in such preparation involve moving from sitting and getting to making and taking. Most importantly, it requires building leadership skills and styles necessary to bring about desired change…

  17. Identity Development and Mentoring in Doctoral Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Leigh A.; Burns, Leslie D.

    2009-01-01

    In this essay, Leigh Hall and Leslie Burns use theories of identity to understand mentoring relationships between faculty members and doctoral students who are being prepared as educational researchers. They suggest that becoming a professional researcher requires students to negotiate new identities and reconceptualize themselves both as people…

  18. Second generation professional doctorates in nursing.

    PubMed

    Rolfe, Gary; Davies, Ruth

    2009-09-01

    This paper traces the increase in number and diversity of professional doctorates over the last two decades and discusses the evolution from first to second generation doctorates as a response to the rise of the knowledge economy and new understandings of knowledge-production. Distinctions between first and second generation doctorates are interpreted in the light of Gibbons et al. [Gibbons, M., Limoges, C., Nowotny, H., Schwartzman, S., Scott, P., Trow, M., 1994. The New Production of Knowledge: The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies. Sage, London] taxonomy of knowledge-production, and it is argued that second generation doctorates, based on Mode 2 knowledge-production, are not only relevant to the economy but also have the potential to transform practice. However, as this paper highlights, this reconceptualisation of the professional doctorate presents particular challenges to academia and the discipline of nursing, which centre upon the threats posed to the power and authority of the University by the radical nature of Mode 2 knowledge generation and application in the workplace. Implications of these threats are discussed in relation to the current debate about the rigour of professional doctorates and the call by some for a return to the traditional doctorate or PhD. We conclude that the discipline of nursing has much to gain from embracing, rather than retreating from, the challenges posed by second generation professional doctorates, and that these offer an alternative but no less academically sound education in preparing nurses to pay a full and active role at the theory-practice interface. PMID:19457482

  19. University strategy for doctoral training: the Ghent University Doctoral Schools.

    PubMed

    Bracke, N; Moens, L

    2010-01-01

    The Doctoral Schools at Ghent University have a three-fold mission: (1) to provide support to doctoral students during their doctoral research, (2) to foster a quality culture in (doctoral) research, (3) to promote the international and social stature and prestige of the doctorate vis-a-vis potential researchers and the potential labour market. The Doctoral Schools offer top-level specialized courses and transferable skills training to doctoral students as part of their doctoral training programme. They establish mechanisms of quality assurance in doctoral research. The Doctoral Schools initialize and support initiatives of internationalization. They also organize information sessions, promotional events and interaction with the labour market, and as such keep a finger on the pulse of external stakeholders. PMID:20491392

  20. Developing Doctoral Authors: Engaging with Theoretical Perspectives through the Literature Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisker, Gina

    2015-01-01

    The literature review is arguably the place in a thesis where doctoral authors convincingly engage with theory and theoretical perspectives underlying their research, situating their own contribution to knowledge in established and ongoing dialogues in the field. One difficulty doctoral candidates encounter in their learning to be researchers is…

  1. The Gown and the Korowai: Maori Doctoral Students and the Spatial Organisation of Academic Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Middleton, Sue; McKinley, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    This paper draws on 38 student interviews carried out in the course of the team research project "Teaching and Learning in the Supervision of Maori Doctoral Students". Maori doctoral thesis work takes place in the intersections between the Maori (tribal) world of identifications and obligations, the organisational and epistemological…

  2. Knowledge Construction in Online Learning Communities: A Case Study of a Doctoral Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lai, Kwok-Wing

    2015-01-01

    This paper documents a study investigating co-construction of knowledge by doctoral students in an online learning community. In this study 12 students participated in the coursework and thesis proposal development stages of a doctoral program offered by a research-intensive university in New Zealand. Socio-cultural and social constructivist…

  3. Doctoral Writing in the Visual and Performing Arts: Issues and Debates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paltridge, Brian; Starfield, Sue; Ravelli, Louise; Nicholson, Sarah

    2011-01-01

    Drawing from a larger study of doctorates in the visual and performing arts, we examine here the diversity of relations which can exist between the creative and written components of a doctoral thesis in these fields in terms of diversity of naming practices for these relations, institutional variation in guidelines and expectations, and…

  4. Framing Doctoral Education for a Science of Social Work: Positioning Students for the Scientific Career, Promoting Scholars for the Academy, Propagating Scientists of the Profession, and Preparing Stewards of the Discipline

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fong, Rowena

    2014-01-01

    Social work education grounded in social work practice has been recently challenged to examine the role of science in its history, core constructs and domains, philosophical underpinnings, and graduate curriculum. Doctoral education has been added to the scrutiny at the recent Science in Social Work Roundtable in Doctoral Education. Based on Lev…

  5. Disorganized junior doctors fail the MRCP (UK).

    PubMed

    Stanley, Adrian G; Khan, Khalid M; Hussain, Walayat; Tweed, Michael

    2006-02-01

    Career progression during undergraduate and early postgraduate years is currently determined by successfully passing examinations. Both academic factors (secondary school examination results, learning style and training opportunities) and non-academic factors (maturity, ethnic origin, gender and motivation) have been identified as predicting examination outcome. Few studies have examined organization skills. Disorganized medical students are more likely to perform poorly in end-of-year examinations but this observation has not been examined in junior doctors. This study asked whether organization skills relate to examination outcome amongst junior doctors taking the clinical Part II examination for the Membership of the Royal College of Physicians (Practical Assessment of Clinical Examination Skills). The study was conducted prospectively at four consecutive clinical courses that provided clinical teaching and practice to prepare trainees for the examination. Arrival time at registration for the course was the chosen surrogate for organization skills. Trainees were advised that they should arrive promptly at 8.00 a.m. for registration and it was explained that the course would start at 8.30 a.m. Recorded arrival times were compared with the pass lists published by the Royal College of Physicians. The mean arrival time was 8.17 a.m. A total of 81 doctors (53.3%) passed the examination with a mean arrival time of 8.14 a.m. However, 71 doctors failed the exam and arrived, on average, six minutes later than doctors who passed (p?=?0.006). Better-prepared junior doctors were more likely to pass the final examination. Arriving on time represents a composite of several skills involved in the planning of appropriate travel arrangements and is therefore a valid marker of organization skills and preparation. This novel study has shown that good time-keeping skills are positively associated with examination outcome. PMID:16627323

  6. [Stop the compulsive PhD trajectory for junior doctors].

    PubMed

    Clevers, J C Hans

    2014-01-01

    It has become the rule rather than the exception that junior doctors in training spend 3-4 years on a research project, culminating in a thesis. Without a PhD, clinical career prospects within and outside academia look rather bleak. Here I argue that PhD degrees should be pursued only by the most talented and motivated young clinicians. PMID:24893817

  7. The Relevance of Doctoral Training in Different Labour Markets

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyvik, Svein; Olsen, Terje Bruen

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the relevance of doctoral training (thesis, coursework and generic skills) for a career in three types of labour market: academia, applied research institutes and industrial laboratories, and non-research workplaces. Data are drawn from a mail survey among PhD holders in Norway. In total, more than 40% of the respondents had…

  8. The accountability of doctor to doctor.

    PubMed

    Dawson, A

    1985-08-10

    Modern medicine has made lapses in performance by doctors potentially more dangerous. The author considers professional peer review to be a more effective means of ensuring high standards than dependence on either patient satisfaction or legal procedures. The lack of a hierarchical system in the British medical system gives added importance to peer review procedures. Performance must be assessed by various criteria, both clinical and managerial. Audit review meetings can also provide a forum for the consideration of resource utilization and its ethical dilemmas. PMID:2862481

  9. Doctoral training of African scientists.

    PubMed

    Doumbo, O K; Krogstad, D J

    1998-02-01

    There are two principal rationales for doctoral training of African scientists in health: 1) these scientists are essential for the nations of sub-Saharan Africa to define and implement their own health priorities, and 2) the research they perform is essential for development. However, this training is difficult because of its expense (> $20,000 per year), because many developed country mentors are unaware of the realities of research in sub-Saharan Africa, and because major differences in salary provide a financial disincentive to return. We describe a training strategy that reduces attrition because it is linked to the investigators' responsibilities before and after training, and to home country priorities. This strategy requires a close relationship between the developing country (on-site) and developed country (off-site) mentors, with joint participation in the selection and funding process, followed by course work and short-term, independent projects off-site that lead to a thesis project in the developing country, and subsequently to a defined professional position in the developing country after completion of the doctoral degree. For this strategy to succeed, the developed country mentor must have both field experience and investigative expertise; the developing country mentor must have an understanding of modern biology, as well as clinical and epidemiologic experience. In addition, we would like to emphasize that the long-term retention of these talented, highly-trained individuals requires a similar long-term commitment by their developed country mentors, well beyond the short term of most research funding. PMID:9502592

  10. Should doctors strike?

    PubMed

    Park, John J; Murray, Scott A

    2014-05-01

    Last year in June, British doctors went on strike for the first time since 1975. Amidst a global economic downturn and with many health systems struggling with reduced finances, around the world the issue of public health workers going on strike is a very real one. Almost all doctors will agree that we should always follow the law, but often the law is unclear or does not cover a particular case. Here we must appeal to ethical discussion. The General Medical Council, in its key guidance document for practising doctors, Good Medical Practice, claims that 'Good doctors make the care of their patients their first concern'. Is this true? And if so, how is this relevant to the issue of striking? One year on since the events, we carefully reflect and argue whether it was right for doctors to pursue strike action, and call for greater discussion of ethical issues such as the recent strikes, particularly among younger members of the profession. PMID:23788560

  11. The doctor's dilemma.

    PubMed

    Irvine, D H; Donaldson, L J

    1995-10-01

    The close relationship between expenditure on health care and the countless individual judgements made by doctors for their patients means that any discussion about rationing must involve the process of clinical decision-making. Increasingly, doctors are being drawn into rationing by two powerful forces. Firstly, through the corporate responsibilities of those working within a managed health care system in which organisational objectives and budgetary constraints are agreed and specified in a much more explicit way than ever before. Secondly, by the professionally-led movement towards more clinically effective practice. These, in combination, are leading towards a fundamental review of the nature and ethical basis of clinical practice in which the duty of doctors to individual patients must be balanced against the wider considerations. PMID:8556293

  12. Mandatory notification of impaired doctors.

    PubMed

    Beran, R G

    2014-12-01

    Mandatory reporting of impaired doctors is compulsory in Australasia. Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency guidelines for notification claim high benchmark though the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and the Royal Australasian College of Physicians suggest they still obstruct doctors seeking help. Western Australia excludes mandatory reporting of practitioner-patients. This study examines reporting, consequences and international experiences with notification. Depressed doctors avoid diagnosis and treatment, fearing consequences, yet are more prone to marital problems, substance dependence and needing psychotherapy. South African research confirms isolation of impaired doctors and delayed seeking help with definable characteristics of those at risk. New Zealand data acknowledge: errors occur; questionable contribution from mandatory reporting; issues concerning competence assessment; favouring reporting to senior colleagues or self-intervention to compliance with mandatory reporting. UK found an anaesthetist guilty of professional misconduct for not reporting and sanctioned doctors regarding Harold Shipman. Australians are reluctant to report, fearing legalistic intrusion into care. Australian research confirmed definable characteristics for doctors with psychiatric illness or alcohol abuse. Exposure to legal medicine evokes personal disenchantment for doctors involved. Medicine poses barriers for impaired doctors. Spanish and UK doctors do not use general practitioners and may have suboptimal care. US and European doctors self-medicate using samples. US drug-dependent doctors also prescribe for spouses. Junior doctors are losing empathy with the profession. UK doctors favour private care, avoiding public scrutiny. NZ and Brazil created specific services for doctors, which appear effective. Mandatory reporting may be counterproductive requiring reappraisal. PMID:25442756

  13. Interdisciplinary Doctoral Leadership Training in Early Intervention: Considerations for Research and Practice in the 21st Century

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woods, Juliann; Snyder, Patricia

    2009-01-01

    This article examines issues associated with the preparation of doctoral-level personnel to assume interdisciplinary scholarship and leadership roles in early intervention (EI). Following a review of national reports focused on EI doctoral leadership training, the preparation of educational researchers, and interdisciplinary doctoral programs in…

  14. Talking to Your Doctor

    MedlinePlus

    ... for Parents for Kids for Teens Teens Home Body Mind Sexual Health Food & Fitness Diseases & Conditions Infections Q& ... than done. Being examined and questioned about your body can also be ... things you can bear in mind to make it easier: Your doctor's seen it ...

  15. Doctoring the Knowledge Worker

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tennant, Mark

    2004-01-01

    In this paper I examine the impact of the new 'knowledge economy' on contemporary doctoral education. I argue that the knowledge economy promotes a view of knowledge and knowledge workers that fundamentally challenges the idea of a university as a community of autonomous scholars transmitting and adding to society's 'stock of knowledge'. The paper…

  16. Working with doctors and nurses

    MedlinePlus

    ... with doctors and nurses Answering questions, filling out papers, getting poked and prodded — going to the doctor ... your parents may get a bill or insurance papers that list the services you got. Ask your ...

  17. Investigating Phd Thesis Examination Reports

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holbrook, A.; Bourke, S.; Lovat, T.; Dally, K.

    2004-01-01

    There has been a slow but steady accretion of findings on doctoral assessment and examination processes over the past decade and a half. The study of Australian PhD examination reported here draws on the written reports on 301 theses across all discipline areas. Text categories identified in the reports are linked to other data including the…

  18. Skill set development of doctoral and post-doctoral graduates in life sciences.

    PubMed

    Kanwar, R S

    2010-01-01

    Doctoral and post-doctoral training programs at leading research universities in the USA are highly important in generating the much needed knowledge in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics for keeping rural and urban economies strong and societies healthy and prosperous. In addition, innovative graduate and post doctoral research programs are the driving engines of the success of U.S. economy and have made the U.S. the most successful model of generating new knowledge in the broader areas of life sciences (and agricultural education, research, and extension). We need to do everything in our power to make these training programs innovative, collaborative, independent, and resourceful so that students are trained in different disciplines making them more flexible within a range of challenges and opportunities. The training programs must empower students to solve complex and interdisciplinary problems of the society in 21st century and make our students competitive within a global economic system, to improve the health of the nation's economy. If our land grant schools and institutions of higher learning are not preparing doctoral students to be globally competitive scientists to create new knowledge and technologies to solve complex and interdisciplinary problems of the 21st century, then either we need to redefine the mission of our land grant system or we risk losing our role to serve the public and industry effectively. Doctoral and post doctoral students should be given the needed skills and experiences to prepare them for tenure track faculty jobs at leading US Universities in the 21st century as well as prepare them for the world outside of academia. I would say minimum competency skills are needed as "bare survival skills" for all doctoral students to become successful after obtaining PhD degrees. Today's PhD students will be working in a global but highly competitive, rapidly changing, and complex world. It is no longer enough to be a good

  19. [Van Heerden: the first female doctor in South Africa].

    PubMed

    Lammes, Frits B

    2013-01-01

    Petronella van Heerden (1887-1975) was born in South Africa. She studied medicine in Amsterdam from 1908 to 1915 and then worked as the first female doctor in her native country for 4 years before specialising in gynaecology in London. She then returned to Amsterdam, where she gained a PhD in 1923 on a thesis on endometriosis that was written in Afrikaans. She settled in Cape Town and participated in many political and emancipatory activities alongside her work as a doctor. She wrote two autobiographies. PMID:24103131

  20. Scientometric Study of Doctoral Theses of the Physical Research Laboratory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anilkumar, N.

    2010-10-01

    This paper presents the results of a study of bibliographies compiled from theses submitted in the period 2001-2005. The bibliographies have been studied to find out how research carried out at PRL is being used by the doctoral students. Resources are categorized by type of resource — book, journal article, proceedings, doctoral thesis, etc., to understand the usage of content procured by the library. The period of the study, 2001-2005, has been chosen because technology is changing so fast and so are the formats of scholarly communications. For the sake of convenience, only the "e-journals period" is considered for the sample.

  1. Online Doctorates for Administrators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beem, Kate

    2010-01-01

    Ron Dickson knew he needed a terminal degree. In the early 2000s, he was toiling away as an assistant superintendent in a suburban Phoenix school district, but he had higher aspirations--a superintendency. Yet with a family and a demanding job, he wasn't sure how he could swing a doctoral degree. He diligently checked out the traditional Ed.D. and…

  2. Pragmatic message to junior doctors.

    PubMed

    Chamsi-Pasha, Hassan; Chamsi-Pasha, Majed; Albar, Mohammed Ali

    2016-07-01

    Although several studies described the experience of doctors in their first postgraduate years, few shed the light on the ethical issues encountered by them. These doctors face a broad range of 'everyday' ethical challenges, from breach of confidentiality to truth-telling or improper informed consent. The daily ethical issues faced by junior doctors are not as dramatic as the major issues learned at medical school. Junior doctors have to make the best ethical decisions within the time limits available. Undergraduate medical ethics curricula should give priority to the real-life issues that doctors will face in their first years of practice. PMID:26976655

  3. Baruch Plan revisited. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, R.M.

    1993-09-15

    The primary concern in world politics is the proliferation of nuclear weapons. With the end of the Cold War, and dramatic democratic changes in Eastern Europe, many experts believe that international control of nuclear weapons is possible. This thesis examines the Baruch Plan as a model for international control of nuclear weapons. In doing so, this thesis outlines the original plan and details the initial criticism. The International Atomic Energy Agency is examined for its capability in the areas of inspections and verification. The enforcement capability of the United Nations is also discussed. This thesis concludes that the political climate is favorable for such dramatic changes however, the organizations which would be responsible for the maintenance of the system, namely the IAEA and the United Nations are not yet ready to assume their role.

  4. Challenges for Better thesis supervision

    PubMed Central

    Ghadirian, Laleh; Sayarifard, Azadeh; Majdzadeh, Reza; Rajabi, Fatemeh; Yunesian, Masoud

    2014-01-01

    Background: Conduction of thesis by the students is one of their major academic activities. Thesis quality and acquired experiences are highly dependent on the supervision. Our study is aimed at identifing the challenges in thesis supervision from both students and faculty members point of view. Methods: This study was conducted using individual in-depth interviews and Focus Group Discussions (FGD). The participants were 43 students and faculty members selected by purposive sampling. It was carried out in Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2012. Data analysis was done concurrently with data gathering using content analysis method. Results: Our data analysis resulted in 162 codes, 17 subcategories and 4 major categories, "supervisory knowledge and skills", "atmosphere", "bylaws and regulations relating to supervision" and "monitoring and evaluation". Conclusion: This study showed that more attention and planning in needed for modifying related rules and regulations, qualitative and quantitative improvement in mentorship training, research atmosphere improvement and effective monitoring and evaluation in supervisory area. PMID:25250273

  5. PhD or DNP: planning for doctoral nursing education.

    PubMed

    Bednash, Geraldine; Breslin, Eileen T; Kirschling, Jane M; Rosseter, Robert J

    2014-10-01

    Leading authorities from inside and outside of nursing are calling for a rapid increase in the number of nurses holding doctoral degrees. More nurses with the terminal degree are needed to serve as Advanced Practice Registered Nurses, assume faculty roles, embark on research careers, and pursue top leadership positions. Today's prospective nursing student can choose from doctoral programs focused on research or practice. The authors explore the differences in these degree options, expectations for students enrolled in these programs, key questions to ask when selecting a degree type, and the career choices available to doctorally-prepared nurses, including faculty positions. PMID:25248773

  6. Diversity in Collaborative Research Communities: A Multicultural, Multidisciplinary Thesis Writing Group in Public Health

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guerin, Cally; Xafis, Vicki; Doda, Diana V.; Gillam, Marianne H.; Larg, Allison J.; Luckner, Helene; Jahan, Nasreen; Widayati, Aris; Xu, Chuangzhou

    2013-01-01

    Writing groups for doctoral students are generally agreed to provide valuable learning spaces for Ph.D. candidates. Here an academic developer and the eight members of a writing group formed in a Discipline of Public Health provide an account of their experiences of collaborating in a multicultural, multidisciplinary thesis writing group. We…

  7. The Experienced Meaning of Working with a PhD Thesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stubb, Jenni; Pyhalto, Kirsi; Lonka, Kirsti

    2012-01-01

    There is a variation in terms of how researchers perceive the nature of research work. Previous research has mainly looked at the members of academia who already have established themselves in the scholarly community. We aimed at exploring the ways in which doctoral students perceived their thesis project and further, the relations of such…

  8. Our Doctoral Programs Are Failing Our Undergraduate Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meacham, Jack

    2002-01-01

    Explores whether graduate education adequately prepares doctoral students for the varied responsibilities of the professoriate they plan to enter, and what role other kinds of institutions (such as community and liberal arts colleges) and the Preparing Future Faculty program could play in the education of graduate students for the professoriate.…

  9. Doctoring in Eastern Europe

    PubMed Central

    Wilde, Henry

    1983-01-01

    Health care in Eastern Europe has not achieved world standards nor the goals of planners of socialist societies. With luck, perseverance, bribes or good connections, it is possible to obtain good medical and surgical care in Eastern Europe for a major illness. Primary and even secondary care usually are substandard, however, and often completely unacceptable to most Western foreigners. The reasons for this are complex but mainly rooted in different attitudes of health workers towards their patients, poor physical plants, poor salary structures, inadequate advancement opportunities for health care workers, poor social status and professional recognition for nurses and almost complete isolation of the average primary care doctor from hospital medicine. PMID:6659504

  10. [Goya and doctors].

    PubMed

    Vargas-Origel, Arturo

    2009-01-01

    This is a brief analysis of the different diseases the Spanish painter Goya suffered, particularly the one that caused his deafness. We also discussed the probable relationship the artist had with his physicians throughout his life, and how this relationship is portrayed in four of his works, with such variety of feelings that go from indifference, satire and mockery to gratefulness and full recognition to the medical profession. This last point is exemplified in a self-portrait of the sick artist being assisted by Dr. Eugenio Garcia Arrieta which was his personal doctor during that time. This work is considered a representation of an adequate patient-physician relationship. PMID:20073452

  11. Doctor on the air

    PubMed Central

    Rogers, Adrian

    1980-01-01

    This paper reviews the number of medical programmes in local radio broadcasting and analyses the problems presented by 158 callers on a regular medical, open-line programme in Plymouth, Devon. The problems are similar to those presenting in general medical practice. Most callers are referred back to their own doctor, usually with an explanation or medical advice. Local radio medical broadcasting may prove to be a useful preventive and educational tool as well as providing popular entertainment. General practitioners are appropriate providers of such a service. PMID:7452606

  12. Doctors on display: the evolution of television's doctors

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Doctors have been portrayed on television for over 50 years. In that time, their character has undergone significant changes, evolving from caring but infallible supermen with smoldering good looks and impeccable bedside manners to drug-addicted, sex-obsessed antiheroes. This article summarizes the major programs of the genre and explains the pattern of the TV doctors' character changes. Articulated over time in the many permutations of the doctor character is a complex, constant conversation between viewer and viewed representing public attitudes towards doctors, medicine, and science. PMID:20944763

  13. Female physicist doctoral experiences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dabney, Katherine P.; Tai, Robert H.

    2013-06-01

    The underrepresentation of women in physics doctorate programs and in tenured academic positions indicates a need to evaluate what may influence their career choice and persistence. This qualitative paper examines eleven females in physics doctoral programs and professional science positions in order to provide a more thorough understanding of why and how women make career choices based on aspects both inside and outside of school and their subsequent interaction. Results indicate that female physicists experience conflict in achieving balance within their graduate school experiences and personal lives and that this then influences their view of their future careers and possible career choices. Female physicists report both early and long-term support outside of school by family, and later departmental support, as being essential to their persistence within the field. A greater focus on informal and out-of-school science activities for females, especially those that involve family members, early in life may help influence their entrance into a physics career later in life. Departmental support, through advisers, mentors, peers, and women’s support groups, with a focus on work-life balance can help females to complete graduate school and persist into an academic career.

  14. Doctors writing outside the square.

    PubMed

    Hurley, Thomas H

    2011-01-17

    Publications written by doctors about subjects outside their professional activities are often widely read and may be more enduring than their technical publications. Dr Graeme Robertson, Sir Clive Fitts and Professor Richard Lovell were three doctors from Victoria who wrote with skill and artistry about subjects outside their professional work. Here I discuss these publications and the reasons these doctors came to write them, and offer some reasons for the enduring interest of these publications. PMID:21241223

  15. [Patients, doctors and the internet].

    PubMed

    Jeannot, Jean Gabriel; Bischoff, Thomas

    2015-05-13

    The majority of the Swiss population uses the internet to seek information about health. The objective is to be better informed, before or after the consultation. Doctors can advise their information-seeking patients about high quality websites, be it medical portals or websites dedicated to a specific pathology. Doctors should not see the internet as a threat but rather as an opportunity to strengthen the doctor-patient relationship. PMID:26118229

  16. Re-Imagining Doctoral Education: Professional Doctorates and beyond

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Alison; Brennan, Marie; Green, Bill

    2009-01-01

    Portents of the demise of the Professional Doctorate have emerged in some recent policy and institutional circles in Australia, raising questions about the meaning and relevance of the Professional Doctorate in an era of "league tables" and research assessment in Australia. This article argues that such portents, based largely on narrow…

  17. [The good doctor].

    PubMed

    Dörner, Klaus

    2014-07-01

    When founded about 1800, psychiatry was liable to both, philosophy and medicine, at least its liability to anthropological philosophy was accepted. After 150 years of increasingly unilateral medicalization with its fatal consequences for many patients the post war generation of psychiatrists were the first to re-establish the primary ambivalence. The ethical consequences of the anthropological renewal are being discussed respective to some practical situations: 1. The doctor - patient - relatives relationship embedding the activity of the interested parties; 2. mental disorders as relationship disorders; 3. ethical orientation towards the normative ambiguity of self-determination and "being meaningful for others"; 4. the consequences for the post-industrial concept of man; 5. the ethics of self-help groups; and 6. the challenge of inclusion for ethics and human rights. PMID:24983570

  18. Patient-doctor communication.

    PubMed

    Teutsch, Carol

    2003-09-01

    Communication is an important component of patient care. Traditionally, communication in medical school curricula was incorporated informally as part of rounds and faculty feedback, but without a specific or intense focus on skills of communicating per se. The reliability and consistency of this teaching method left gaps, which are currently getting increased attention from medical schools and accreditation organizations. There is also increased interest in researching patient-doctor communication and recognizing the need to teach and measure this specific clinical skill. In 1999, the Accreditation of Council for Graduate Medical Education implemented a requirement for accreditation for residency programs that focuses on "interpersonal and communications skills that result in effective information exchange and teaming with patients, their families, and other health professionals." The National Board of Medical Examiners, Federation of State Medical Boards. and the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates have proposed an examination between the. third and fourth year of medical school that "requires students to demonstrate they can gather information from patients, perform a physical examination, and communicate their findings to patients and colleagues" using standardized patients. One's efficiency and effectiveness in communication can be improved through training, but it is unlikely that any future advances will negate the need and value of compassionate and empathetic two-way communication between clinician and patient. The published literature also expresses belief in the essential role of communication. "It has long been recognized that difficulties in the effective delivery of health care can arise from problems in communication between patient and provider rather than from any failing in the technical aspects of medical care. Improvements in provider-patient communication can have beneficial effects on health outcomes". A systematic review of

  19. Doctors on status and respect: a qualitative study.

    PubMed

    Lipworth, Wendy; Little, Miles; Markham, Pippa; Gordon, Jill; Kerridge, Ian

    2013-06-01

    While doctors generally enjoy considerable status, some believe that this is increasingly threatened by consumerism, managerialism, and competition from other health professions. Research into doctors' perceptions of the changes occurring in medicine has provided some insights into how they perceive and respond to these changes but has generally failed to distinguish clearly between concerns about "status," related to the entitlements associated with one's position in a social hierarchy, and concerns about "respect," related to being held in high regard for one's moral qualities. In this article we explore doctors' perceptions of the degree to which they are respected and their explanations for, and responses to, instances of perceived lack of respect. We conclude that doctors' concerns about loss of respect need to be clearly distinguished from concerns about loss of status and that medical students need to be prepared for a changing social field in which others' respect cannot be taken for granted. PMID:23515959

  20. The Social Work Practice Doctorate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartocollis, Lina; Cnaan, Ram A.; Ledwith, Kate

    2014-01-01

    This article provides a systematic review of the emerging practice doctorate in social work. Based on the experience of the first such Doctor of Social Work (DSW) program, we provide information regarding the program origins and rationale, development, current structure, and future direction. Such information will enrich the discussion on the role…

  1. Designing Doctoral Programs in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noonan, John P., Ed.

    This report contains nine speeches presented at a Conference on Designing Doctoral Programs in Education held at Kansas State University on June 28-29, 1968. Titles included are: 1) "The Role of Doctoral Programs in Today's and Tomorrow's University"; "Trends in Student Personnel Work: Implications for Graduate Education"; "Research Training in…

  2. Women, Men and the Doctorate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Centra, John A; Kuykendall, Nancy M.

    This study describes the current status and professional development of a sample of women doctorates and compares them to a sample of men who have attained the same educational status. Chapters cover the sample and procedures used; employment patterns; doctorates in academe; publications, income, and job satisfaction; marriage and family life;…

  3. Doctorate Program Trains Industrial Chemists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1982

    1982-01-01

    The University of Texas (Dallas) has initiated a new Ph.D. program specifically to train chemists for doctoral level work in industry (Doctor of Chemistry). Participants will complete three research practica (at an industrial site and in two laboratory settings) instead of the traditional dissertation, emphasizing breadth and flexibility in…

  4. Will Medical Technology Deskill Doctors?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lu, Jingyan

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses the impact of medical technology on health care in light of the fact that doctors are becoming more reliant on technology for obtaining patient information, making diagnoses and in carrying out treatments. Evidence has shown that technology can negatively affect doctor-patient communications, physical examination skills, and…

  5. The Doctorate in Counselor Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodrich, Kristopher Michael; Shin, Richard Q.; Smith, Lance C.

    2011-01-01

    The doctorate in Counselor Education and Supervision is the terminal degree in the field of counselor education within the U.S. The authors surveyed CACREP-accredited doctoral programs to assess department characteristics, clinical experience and credentials, research experience, and the admission, retention, and evaluation of students. Results…

  6. [Doctor's attendance in police custody].

    PubMed

    Chariot, Patrick

    2012-06-01

    Medical examination is a right for every person detained in police custody in France. Examination of detainees usually takes place in the police station so that the doctor can assess the conditions in which the detainee is being held. In some cases, such as type I diabetes care, detainees need to be examined and treated in a hospital. Doctors are subject to a duty of care and prevention. Description of recent traumatic injuries is part of the doctor's mission. They should prescribe any ongoing treatment which needs to be continued, as well as any emergency treatment required. Custody officers may monitor the detainee and administer medication. Doctor's opinion should be given in a national standard document. If the doctor considers that the custody conditions are disgraceful, they may refuse to express an opinion as to whether the detainee is fit for custody. PMID:22838282

  7. [Analysis of the anesthesiology doctoral theses in Cadiz during the Six-Year Revolution].

    PubMed

    Márquez Espinós, C; Herrera Rodríguez, F

    1989-01-01

    Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla, after the 1868 Revolution, made possible in Spain the decentralization of doctorate's studies, which traditionally were done in Madrid. It was because of that fact that the Doctor degree could be obtained at the Faculty of Medicine in Cadiz during the Sexenio Revolucionario. The intention of this work is to analyse the anaesthesiologist doctorate thesis defended at the Faculty of Medicine in Cadiz during that period. We give unpublished news about the evolution of the obstetrics anaesthesia in Spain and different opinions about the use of anaesthetics in labours at that time. PMID:2687970

  8. Working with Your Doctor

    MedlinePlus

    ... a Neurologist Preparing for an Office Visit Your Rights as a Patient Family & Friends Communities Research Matters Donate Clinical Trials Animal Research Resources Neurology Now Magazine Patient Education Brochures ...

  9. COPD - what to ask your doctor

    MedlinePlus

    ... Below are some questions you may want to ask your health care provider to help you take ... What to ask your doctor about COPD; Emphysema - what to ask your doctor; Chronic bronchitis - what to ask your doctor; Chronic ...

  10. Dementia - what to ask your doctor

    MedlinePlus

    What to ask your doctor about dementia; Alzheimer disease- what to ask your doctor; Cognitive impairment - what to ask your doctor ... I use? What is the best way to ask them questions? What is the best way to ...

  11. Ileostomy - what to ask your doctor

    MedlinePlus

    ... Below are some questions you may want to ask your health care provider to help you take ... Ostomy - what to ask your doctor; What to ask your doctor about ileostomy or colostomy; Colostomy - what to ask your doctor

  12. Heartburn - what to ask your doctor

    MedlinePlus

    ... your doctor; GERD - what to ask your doctor; Gastroesophageal reflux disease - what to ask your doctor ... Association Medical Position Statement on the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Gastroenterology . 2008;135:1383-1391. PMID: 18789939 ...

  13. Dementia - what to ask your doctor

    MedlinePlus

    What to ask your doctor about dementia; Alzheimer disease- what to ask your doctor; Cognitive impairment - what to ask your doctor ... recs.pdf . Accessed November 5, 2014. Knopman DS. Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, ...

  14. Taking Medicines Safely: At Your Doctor's Office

    MedlinePlus

    ... Javascript on. Feature: Taking Medicines Safely At Your Doctor's Office Past Issues / Summer 2013 Table of Contents ... Chart PDF If you've gone to your doctor because you don't feel well, the doctor ...

  15. Press the doctors.

    PubMed

    Price, D M

    1993-01-01

    Elizabeth Kowalczyk proposed that nurse practitioners, nurse midwives, and physician assistants be allowed to perform abortions since the number of physicians willing and able to do them is declining. The author describes and discusses Kowalczyk's paper, but argues against her proposition. Mid-level practitioners cannot be allowed to assume the role of physicians in the area of abortion. Regulatory, economic, and professional enticements founded in the medical ethics of what it means to provide good care and what are the obligations of a physician instead need to be used to encourage doctors to resume the practice of abortion. If paid more, many more physicians would perform abortions. Proposals for instituting national service for newly graduated physicians to repay part or all of the cost of their education could also be used to help regions most understaffed with physicians willing to perform abortions. In general, creative approaches need to be employed to bring abortion services into larger systems of care and eliminate the professional acceptance of and institutional need for clinics devoted largely or solely to providing women with induced abortion services. PMID:8118136

  16. Influences to post-graduation career aspirations and attainment in STEM doctoral candidates and recipients

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barry, Deborah S.

    As the realities of the academic job market have forced some PhD recipients to accept less-preferable position types, there has been increasing concerns that these students are not prepared for their careers, especially in STEM fields. However, aside from the labor market, few studies have explored the influences on career aspiration and attainment among doctoral degree holders. This study utilized the socialization theory framework to identify aspects of the doctoral education process that are predictive of the likelihood of certain career aspirations among science and engineering doctoral candidates and career attainment among STEM doctoral recipients by utilizing nationally representative datasets: The National Research Council's Assessment of Research Doctorate Programs student questionnaire and the National Science Foundation's Survey of Earned Doctorates. This study identified field of study, research productivity rank of doctoral programs, primary type of finding doctoral students received, level of satisfaction with research experiences, and their sense of belonging within their doctoral program as factors that predict the likelihood of certain career aspirations compared with a career in education. Doctoral candidates' background characteristics that were significant predictors of career aspirations were gender, marital status, dependent status, race, age, and citizenship status. Further, this study identified participant's field of study, the Carnegie Rank of institutions attended, primary type of funding received, length of time to PhD, gender, marital status, dependent status, race, citizenship stats, and age as factors that predict the likelihood of the career outcomes investigated in this study, including doctoral recipients' employment field and primary work activity.

  17. Preliminary Study: Special Education Doctoral Students' Perceptions of Self-Determination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Kyeong-Hwa; Morningstar, Mary E.; Jung, Sungmin

    2014-01-01

    This preliminary study investigated 118 special education doctoral students' knowledge of and attitudes toward self-determination. In addition, this study examined the relationship between self-determination coursework and special education doctoral students' perceptions of how well they were prepared for implementing self-determination…

  18. From PhD to Initial Employment: The Doctorate in a Knowledge Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neumann, Ruth; Tan, Kim Khim

    2011-01-01

    Within universities there is often still an implicit assumption that the doctorate is preparation for an academic career. Yet for over a decade there has been evidence in a number of Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries that there are increasing numbers of students undertaking a doctorate and that larger…

  19. Professional Identity Development of Counselor Education Doctoral Students: A Qualitative Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Limberg, Dodie; Bell, Hope; Super, John T.; Jacobson, Lamerial; Fox, Jesse; DePue, M. Kristina; Christmas, Chris; Young, Mark E.; Lambie, Glenn W.

    2013-01-01

    The professional identity of a counselor educator develops primarily during the individual's doctoral preparation program. This study employed consensual qualitative research methodology to examine the phenomenon of professional identity development in counselor education doctoral students (CEDS) in a cohort model. Cross-sectional focus groups…

  20. An Assessment of Research-Doctorate Programs in the United States: Humanities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Lyle V., Ed.; And Others

    U.S. research-doctorate programs in the humanities were assessed by a committee of the Conference Board of Associated Research Councils. Attention was focused on 522 programs in nine disciplines in the humanities that award research doctorates. The effectiveness of these programs in preparing students for research careers was assessed. Indices…

  1. The Genre of Instructor Feedback in Doctoral Programs: A Corpus Linguistic Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walters, Kelley Jo; Henry, Patricia; Vinella, Michael; Wells, Steve; Shaw, Melanie; Miller, James

    2015-01-01

    Providing transparent written feedback to doctoral students is essential to the learning process and preparation for the capstone. The purpose of this study was to conduct a qualitative exploration of faculty feedback on benchmark written assignments across multiple, online doctoral programs. The Corpus for this analysis included 236 doctoral…

  2. Doctors do cry.

    PubMed

    Pruthi, Sonal; Goel, Ashish

    2014-01-01

    Physicians have tried to understand whether crying for a patient is a raw emotion that demonstrates their lack of control over themselves and the situation, or whether it is a sign of humanity and concern for one's fellow beings. Studies on medical students and doctors'narrations of times when they have shed tears over a patient's suffering or death have established beyond doubt that medical students and physicians are not immune to their patients'suffering and may cry when overwhelmed by stress and emotions. Even though humanity is the cornerstone of medicine, depersonalisation has somehow crept into the physician-patient relationship and crying is considered incompatible with the image of a good physician, who is supposed to be strong, confident and fully in charge. Thus, crying has been equated to weakness and at times, incompetence. This could be attributed to the fact that our medical curriculum has ingrained in us the belief that emotion clouds rationality and prevents us from being objective while making decisions regarding a patient's clinical progress. Our curriculum fails to teach us how to handle emotional situations, witness the dying process, communicate bad news, interact with the bereaved during the period of grief immediately following death, and reduce the professional stress involved in working with newly bereaved persons. Our training focuses on cure, amelioration of disease and the restoration of good health, with little emphasis on death, which is an absolute reality. It is crucial that medical educators take note of these lacunae in the curriculum. Physicians and teachers must recognise and accept the emotions that medical students experience in these situations, and teach them to offer their patients a sound blend of rationality and compassion with an attitude of humility. PMID:25377039

  3. Improving Doctor/Caregiver Communication

    MedlinePlus

    ... Month Friend: Living Independently Group Improving Doctor/ Caregiver Communications Helpful Ideas for Family Caregivers From NFCA There is much to be gained by improving communications between family caregivers and health care professionals, especially ...

  4. Questions to Ask Your Doctor

    MedlinePlus

    ... Donate Home > Education > Questions to Ask Your Doctor Education What is mbc? Diagnosis Guide for the Newly ... treatment in a community-based medical office. Consider distance from home, availability of specialists, access to clinical ...

  5. Development and validation of a new fallout transport method using variable spectral winds. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Hopkins, A.T.

    1984-09-01

    The purpose of this research was to develop and validate a fallout prediction method using variable transport calculations. The new method uses National Meteorological Center (NMC) spectral coefficients to compute wind vectors along the space- and time-varying trajectories of falling particles. The method was validated by comparing computed and actual cloud trajectories from a Mount St. Helens volcanic eruption and a high dust cloud. In summary, this research demonstrated the feasibility of using spectral coefficients for fallout transport calculations, developed a two-step smearing model to treat variable winds, and showed that uncertainties in spectral winds do not contribute significantly to the error in computed dose rate.

  6. Promise made: The Navajo indian irrigation project and water politics in the American West. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Jacobsen, J.E.

    1989-01-01

    According to the 1962 legislation by which the U.S. Congress authorized the Navajo Indian Irrigation Project (NIIP), a federal reclamation project on the Navajo Reservation in northwest New Mexico, it was to bring economic development to the Navajo Tribe in the form of 18,000 jobs on family farms and related enterprises, all in 14 years. The project is today just over half completed, it is a single corporate agribusiness that employs a few hundred Navajo during the peak harvest season, and there are pressures to reduce the size of the project.

  7. Diffusion of helium isotopes in silicate glasses and minerals: Implications for petrogenesis and geochronology. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Trull, T.W.

    1989-06-01

    Helium diffusivities in basaltic glasses at seafloor temperatures are about 10 to the -16th power sq cm/s suggesting only very low concentration samples will be compromised, and that U/He geochronology of submarine basalts may be feasible. Helium diffusivities at magmatic temperatures are 10 to the -11th power, to 10 to the -8th power sq cm/s in silicate minerals, too low to regionally homogenize helium in the mantle. Helium exchange rates limit xenolith origin depths and transport times. Faster He diffusion in pyroxene than olivine allows diffusive loss to be evaluated. Diffusivities of {sup 3}He produced by cosmic rays in surface rocks are less than 10 to the -20th power sq cm/s in olivine and quartz, suggesting exposure dating will not be limited by helium loss for ages up to 10,000,000 years. Similar conclusions were found for U/{sup 4}He dating of quartz. Part of the {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He variability (.01 to 9 R{sub a}) of island arc basalts from the western Pacific reflects post-eruptive helium addition. In unaltered samples, Kavachi submarine volcano has different {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He (6.9 + or - .2 R{sub a}) than the Woodlark Spreading Center (8-9 R{sub a}). A contribution from subducted Pacific lithosphere may explain this and 87 Sr/86 Sr variations.

  8. Cadmium: A toxin and a nutrient for marine phytoplankton. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, J.G.

    1995-06-01

    Although cadmium is known to be very toxic, it exhibits nutrient-like vertical concentration profiles in the open ocean. Cadmium enhances the growth of the marine diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii, a chlorophyte and some prymnesiophytes at inorganic zinc and cadmium concentrations typical of surface seawater. Detailed studies of T. weissflogii show that cadmium is also regulated like a nutrient over a wide range of external inorganic cadmium (5-500pM) and inorganic zinc (2-16pM) concentrations. The cellular cadmium concentration is maintained at relatively constant levels both through uptake and, at high inorganic cadmium concentrations (5nM), export of cadmium, most likely complexed to the metal-binding polypeptide phytochelatin. Cadmium may play an essential role in carbon uptake under conditions of zinc limitation. The same low level of inorganic cadmium that enhances the growth of T. weissflogii restores the activity of carbonic anhydrase, thought to be the key enzyme limiting growth at low zinc. Cadmium coelutes with a least one of the multiple isoforms of carbonic anhydrase produced by T. weissfiogii and covaries with activity of this isoform. The substitution of cadmium for zinc in carbonic anhydrase links the geochemical cycle of cadmium to those of zinc and carbon.

  9. Calculus for network delays and a note on topologies of interconnection networks. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Cruz, R.L.

    1987-07-01

    A calculus is developed for obtaining bounds on delay in a buffered communication network that applies to a wide variety of models for network operation. The theory developed is different from traditional approaches to analyzing delay because the model used to describe the entry of data into the network is non-probabilistic. It is assumed that the data stream entered into the network by any given user satisfies burstiness constraints--that is, the quantity of data from the stream contained in any interval of time is less than a value that depends on the length of the interval. Given this model, it is shown that data traffic streams on each internal link of the network satisfy burstiness constraints. This allows attainment of upper bounds on network delay and buffering requirements. A mechanism called regulation is studied for enforcing burstiness constraints on an arbitrary data stream. The effect of employing these regulation mechanisms inside the network is noted. Theoretical design issues for topologies of interconnection networks are examined.

  10. Late paleogene (eocene to oligocene) paleoceanography of the northern North Atlantic. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, K.G.

    1982-11-01

    Seismic stratigraphic evidence indicates that a major change in abyssal circulation occurred in the latest Eocene-earliest Oligocene of the North Atlantic. Reflector R4 reflects a change from weakly (Eocene) to vigorously circulating bottom water (early Oligocene). Sediment distribution studies indicate a northern source for this bottom water, probably from the Arctic via the Norwegian-Greenland Sea/Faeroe-Shetland Channel. Current-controlled sedimentation and erosion continued through the Oligocene; however, above reflector R3 (upper Oligocene), the general intensity of abyssal currents decreased. Above reflector R2 (lower Miocene) a further reduction in abyssal currents resulted in more coherent current-controlled sedimentation and a major phase of sediment drift development. Major deep-sea benthic foraminiferal changes occurred between the middle Eocene and earliest Oligocene: an agglutinated assemblage was replaced by a calcareous assemblage (abyssal Labrador Sea), and an indigenous Eocene calcareious fauna became extinct (abyssal Bay of Biscay). In shallower Atlantic sites (< 3km paleodepth), a Nuttallides truempyi assemblage was replaced by an assemblage of long- and wide-ranging taxa in the early late Eocene.

  11. Dust exposure and respiratory disease in U. S. coal miners. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Seixas, N.S.

    1990-01-01

    The investigation was carried out by considering the exposure response relationship in a group of 1270 miners whose exposure began in or after 1970 when the regulations took effect. Over a 15 year period the results of the study indicated statistically significant positive associations of cumulative exposure with decrements in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), FEV1/forced vital capacity (FVC), and symptoms of chronic bronchitis, breathlessness and wheeze with shortness of breath. As a result of the act, these miners were exposed to dust concentrations generally less than 2.0mg/m3. The study suggested that miners entering exposure for the first time in 1970 or later, experienced a rapid initial loss of pulmonary function in relation to their cumulative exposure to dust. The losses were observed in both FVC and FEV1 suggesting that the effect was primarily on lung volumes. Over the following 12 years there was little additional exposure related loss. The study concluded that the regulations have not been completely successful in preventing respiratory effects from exposure to coal mine dust.

  12. Effects of surfactants on the desorption of organic contaminants from aquifer materials. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Brickell, J.L.

    1989-08-01

    The efficiency of removing organic contaminants from groundwater aquifers by the pump and treat process is adversely affected by the retardation of the contaminant's mobility due to adsorption onto aquifer material. The use of surfactants in conjunction with the pump and treat process has the potential for improving contaminant mobility by solubilizing the adsorbed contaminant.

  13. Experimental studies of sputtering on zirconium analyzed using modified Roosandaal Sanders theory. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Schomber, P.R.

    1995-03-01

    An ion optics system utilizing a wein filter velocity selector has been modeled and characterized for use as an ion source for an instrument to measure high resolution angular distributions of sputtered neutral atoms. Laser induced fluorescence detection techniques are used to measure ground state and first excited state sputtering angular distributions on a polycrystalline zirconium foil using argon and nitrogen sputter gases. The incident ion beam impact angle has been varied from 15 deg to 75 deg as measured from surface normal and the wein filter velocity selector has been used to select N2+ and N+ ion beams from the nitrogen ion beam. The experimental data gathered are compared to Roosandaal Sanders analytical sputtering theory along with data on xenon and neon. Roosandaal Sanders theory reproduces the near surface normal sputtering behavior but rapidly breaks down as the incident ion beam impact angle moves toward the surface. Modifications to the Roosandaal Sanders equation to introduce adjustable fitting parameters and non-linear least squares fitting of the experimental data to these parameters has been accomplished. The results are discussed relating the fitting parameters to physical constants based in Roosandaal Sanders Theory. Discrepancies in the theory are addressed with extensive discussion on ion surface interaction.

  14. Observing and modelling f-region ionospheric dynamics using the (OII) 7320a emission. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Carr, S.S.

    1992-01-01

    Limb-scan observations of Doppler line profiles from the (OII) lambda 7320A emission at F-Region altitudes, made with the Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) on the Dynamics Explorer-2 (DE-2) spacecraft, have been analyzed to provide measurements of the meridional component of the ion convection velocity along the instrument line-of-sight. The DE-2 results presented here demonstrate the first spaceborne use of the remote-sensing Doppler techniques for measurements of ionospheric convection. The FPI meridional ion drift measurements have been compared with nearly simultaneous in situ ion drift measurements from the Retarding Potential Analyzer (RPA) on DE 2. Once allowance is made for the temporal lag between the in situ and remote measurements, the results from the two techniques are found to be in good agreement, within specified experimental errors, giving confidence in the FPI measurements.

  15. Extreme-ultraviolet beam-foil spectroscopy of highly ionized neon and argon. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Demarest, J.A.

    1986-08-01

    A study of the extreme-ultraviolet radiation emitted by ion beams of highly ionized neon and argon after passage through thin foils was conducted. A grazing-incidence spectrometer was equipped with a position-sensitive microchannel plate (MCP) detector, which improved the detection efficiency by two orders of magnitude. The position information of the MCP was determined to be linear over 90% of the 50-mm-wide detector. Spectra spanning regions of over 100 A were accumulated at a resolution of less than 1 A. A wavelength calibration based on a second order equation of spectrometer position was found to result in an accuracy of - 0.1 A. Over 40 transitions of Ne VIII, Ne IX, and Ne X were observed in the wavelength region from 350 to 30 A from n=2-3,4,5; n=3-4,5,6,7,8; n=4-6,7; and n=5-9. An intensity calibration of the detection system allowed the determination of the relative populations of n=3 states of Ne VIII and Ne IX. An overpopulation of states with low orbital angular momenta support electron-capture predictions by the first-order Born approximation. The argon beam-foil data confirmed the wavelength predictions of 30 previously unobserved transitions in the wavlength region from 355 to 25 A from n=2-2; n=3-4; n=4-5,6,7; and n=6-8. Lifetime determinations were made by the simultaneous measurement of 26 argon lines in the spectral region from 295-180 A. Many of the n=2-2 transitions agreed well with theory.

  16. Digging our own graves: coal miners and the struggle over black lung disease. Doctoral thesis (final)

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, B.E.

    1981-05-01

    The report analyzes the controversy over black lung disease among U.S. coal miners, situated within the recent struggle over industrial relations in bituminous coal. Summaries of the postwar coal industry and the changing medical approach to black lung provide the historical backdrop to the recent controversy. The development of the black lung movement is reconstructed primarily through material from oral interviews with its participants. The movement is viewed essentially as a class conflict between miners and operators over who would bear the burden of occupational disease: miners, by continuing to be disabled and without compensation; or the operators, by reducing dust levels in the mines and financing benefits for disabled workers.

  17. Numerical solutions of unsteady inviscid transonic turbine cascade flows. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, R.M.

    1988-05-01

    A numerical analysis was developed to solve two-dimensional inviscid transonic turbine-type cascade flow fields. This analysis combines accuracy comparable to that of the numerical method of characteristics with the efficiency of finite-difference methods. The MacCormack explicit finite-difference method is used to solve the unsteady Euler equations. Steady solutions are calculated as asymptotic solutions in time. A conservation variable formulation of the Kentzer method has been developed in this investigation and is used to derive appropriate equations for the flowfield boundaries. The Kentzer method is based on characteristic theory, but uses a finite difference method, consistent with the method used at interior points, to integrate the appropriate boundary equations. A grid generator was been developed to crease C-type grids around cascade blades using techniques similar to the Poisson equation grid-generation techniques developed by Steger and Sorensen. Two different planar turbine-type cascades were studied. The AACE II cascade blades are typical of the nozzle blades found in the first stator in a turbine. The GMA 400 cascade blades are typical of later turbine stator blades.

  18. Bystander cells and prognosis in Hodgkin lymphoma. Review based on a doctoral thesis.

    PubMed

    Molin, Daniel

    2004-01-01

    Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is characterised histologically by a minority of malignant Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells surrounded by benign cells, and clinically by a relatively good prognosis. The treatment, however, leads to a risk of serious side effects. Knowledge about the biology of the disease, particularly the interaction between the HRS cells and the surrounding cells, is essential in order to improve diagnosis and treatment. HL patients with abundant eosinophils in the tumours have a poor prognosis, therefore the eosinophil derived protein eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) was studied. Serum-ECP (S-ECP) was elevated in most HL patients. It correlated to number of tumour eosinophils, nodular sclerosis (NS) histology, and the negative prognostic factors high erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and blood leukocyte count (WBC). A polymorphism in the ECP gene (434(G>C)) was identified and the 434GG genotype correlated to NS histology and high ESR. The poor prognosis in patients with abundant eosinophils in the tumours has been proposed to depend on HRS cell stimulation by the eosinophils via a CD30 ligand (CD30L)-CD30 interaction. However, CD30L mRNA and protein were detected in mast cells and the predominant CD30L expressing cell in HL is the mast cell. Mast cells were shown to stimulate HRS cell lines via CD30L-CD30 interaction. The number of mast cells in HL tumours correlated to worse relapse-free survival, NS histology, high WBC, and low blood haemoglobin. Survival in patients with early and intermediate stage HL, diagnosed between 1985 and 1992, was generally favourable and comparatively limited treatment was sufficient to produce acceptable results for most stages. The majority of relapses could be salvaged. Patients treated with a short course of chemotherapy and radiotherapy had an excellent outcome. In conclusion prognosis is favourable in early and intermediate stages and there are possibilities for further improvements based on the fact that mast cells and eosinophils affect the biology and prognosis of HL. PMID:15508524

  19. Congenital malformations in experimental diabetic pregnancy: aetiology and antioxidative treatment. Minireview based on a doctoral thesis.

    PubMed

    Simán, M

    1997-01-01

    Diabetes mellitus in pregnancy causes congenital malformations in the offspring. The aim of this work was to characterize biochemical and morphologic anomalies in the conceptus of an animal model of diabetic pregnancy. In addition, a preventive treatment against diabetes-induced dysmorphogenesis was developed. Congenital cataract was often found in the offspring of diabetic rats. The fetal lenses had increased water accumulation, sorbitol concentration and aldose reductase activity compared to control lenses. The results suggest that the cataracts form via osmotic attraction of water due to sorbitol accumulation in the fetal lens. Another set of malformations, with possible neural crest cell origin, occurred frequently in offspring of diabetic rats. These included low set ears, micrognathia, hypoplasia of the thymus, thyroid and parathyroid glands, as well as anomalies of the heart and great vessels. Furthermore, diabetes caused intrauterine death and resorptions more frequently in the late part of gestation. When the pregnant diabetic rats were treated with the antioxidants butylated hydroxytoluene, vitamin E or vitamin C, the occurrence of gross malformations was reduced from approximately 25% to less than 8%, and late resorptions from 17% to 7%. This suggests that an abnormal handling of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is involved in diabetes-induced dysmorphogenesis in vivo. Indeed, an increased concentration of lipid peroxides, indicating damage caused by ROS, was found in fetuses of diabetes rats. In addition, embryos of diabetic rats had low concentrations of the antioxidant vitamin E compared to control embryos. These biochemical alterations were normalized by vitamin E treatment of the pregnant diabetic rats. The antioxidants are likely to have prevented ROS injury in the embryos of the diabetic rats, in particular in the neural crest cells, thereby normalizing embryonic development. These results provide a rationale for developing new anti-teratogenic treatments for pregnant women with diabetes mellitus. PMID:9394431

  20. Adolescent depression. Epidemiology, nosology, life stress and social network. Minireview based on a doctoral thesis.

    PubMed

    Olsson, G

    1998-01-01

    The study engaged a total population of 16-17-year-old urban high-school students and 2300 (93%) were screened for depression and previous suicide attempts. Adolescents with high depression scores in self-evaluation (12.3%) or reporting previous suicide attempts (2.4%) were diagnostically interviewed together with one control for each, matched for gender and educational program. After the interview self-ratings were completed regarding social network, family climate, and life events. Major depression was prevalent during the last year in 5.8% and during life time in 11.4%, 4 girls for every boy. A depression with remaining symptoms for a year or more was the most common type. Dysthymia without major depressive episodes was diagnosed in 1.1%, two girls for every boy. Short hypomanic episodes had been experienced by 13.2% of those with major depressive disorder. Anxiety disorder was comorbid to depression in one half and conduct disorder in one forth of the depressed adolescents. Alcohol was abused by 6.5% and used regularly by another 12%. Other drugs were used by 6.5% of depressed adolescents and not at all by controls. The depressed used tobacco twice as frequently as non-depressed. Social network and family climate were compared within the originally matched pairs. Adolescents with long-lasting depressions had a smaller and unsatisfying social network. They also had experienced many stressful life events related to family adversities, while those with shorter depressive episodes had stress related to the peer group. Depressed adolescents with comorbid conduct disorder reported insufficient support from the close network and a more negative family climate. PMID:9923068

  1. Recollimation shocks in the relativistic outflows of active galactic nuclei. Doctoral Thesis Award Lecture 2014

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fromm, C. M.

    2015-06-01

    We analysed the single-dish radio light curves of the blazar CTA 102 during its major flare around April 2006. The modelling of these data revealed a possible travelling shock-recollimation shock interaction during the flare. To verify this hypothesis, we used multi-epoch and multi-frequency very-long baseline interferometry (VLBI) observations and performed a detailed kinematic and spectral analysis. The results confirmed the hypothesis of a shock-shock interaction causing the 2006 radio flare and provided indications for additional recollimation shocks farther downstream.

  2. The relationship between the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of spinal opioids. Minireview based on a doctoral thesis.

    PubMed

    Sjöström, S

    1988-01-01

    Spinal opioids have been used clinically since the late seventies to treat acute, traumatic, obstetric and chronic pain. In this article the influence of the pharmacokinetics on the dynamics of intrathecal and epidural opioid administration are discussed with reference to current knowledge. PMID:2905092

  3. AGN jets under the microscope: A divide? Doctoral Thesis Award Lecture 2011

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karouzos, M.; Britzen, S.; Witzel, A.; Zensus, A. J.; Eckart, A.

    2012-06-01

    A new paradigm for active galactic jet kinematics has emerged through detailed investigations of BL Lac objects using very long baseline radio interferometry. In this new scheme, most, if not all, jet components appear to remain stationary with respect to the core but show significant non-radial motions. This paper presents results from our kinematic investigation of the jets of a statistically complete sample of radio-loud flat-spectrum active galaxies, focusing on the comparison between the jet kinematic properties of BL Lacs and flat-spectrum radio-quasars. It is shown that there is a statistically significant difference between the kinematics of the two AGN classes, with BL Lacs showing more bent jets, that are wider and show slower movement along the jet axis, compared to flat-spectrum radio-quasars. This is interpreted as evidence for helically structured jets.

  4. 2010 Award for Outstanding Doctoral Thesis Research in Biological Physics Talk: How the Genome Folds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lieberman-Aiden, Erez

    2011-03-01

    I describe Hi-C, a novel technology for probing the three-dimensional architecture of whole genomes by coupling proximity-based ligation with massively parallel sequencing. Working with collaborators at the Broad Institute and UMass Medical School, we used Hi-C to construct spatial proximity maps of the human genome at a resolution of 1Mb. These maps confirm the presence of chromosome territories and the spatial proximity of small, gene-rich chromosomes. We identified an additional level of genome organization that is characterized by the spatial segregation of open and closed chromatin to form two genome-wide compartments. At the megabase scale, the chromatin conformation is consistent with a fractal globule, a knot-free conformation that enables maximally dense packing while preserving the ability to easily fold and unfold any genomic locus. The fractal globule is distinct from the more commonly used globular equilibrium model. Our results demonstrate the power of Hi-C to map the dynamic conformations of whole genomes.

  5. Somatostatin receptor expression and biological functions in endocrine pancreatic cells: review based on a doctoral thesis.

    PubMed

    Ludvigsen, Eva

    2007-01-01

    Type 1 diabetes is resulting from the selective destruction of insulin-producing betacells within the pancreatic islets. Somatostatin acts as an inhibitor of hormone secretion through specific receptors (sst1-5). All ssts were expressed in normal rat and mouse pancreatic islets, although the expression intensity and the co-expression pattern varied between ssts as well as between species. This may reflect a difference in response to somatostatin in islet cells of the two species. The Non-Obese Diabetic (NOD) mouse model is an experimental model of type 1 diabetes, with insulitis accompanied by spontaneous hyperglycaemia. Pancreatic specimens from NOD mice at different age and stage of disease were stained for ssts. The islet cells of diabetic NOD mice showed increased islet expression of sst2-5 compared to normoglycemic NOD mice. The increase in sst2-5 expression in the islets cells may suggest either a contributing factor in the process leading to diabetes, or a defense response against ongoing beta-cell destruction. Somatostatin analogues were tested on a human endocrine pancreatic tumour cell line and cultured pancreatic islets. Somatostatin analogues had an effect on cAMP accumulation, chromogranin A secretion and MAP kinase activity in the cell line. Treatment of rat pancreatic islets with somatostatin analogues with selective receptor affinity was not sufficient to induce an inhibition of insulin and glucagon secretion. However, a combination of selective analogues or non-selective analogues via costimulation of receptors can cause inhibition of hormone production. For insulin and glucagon, combinations of sst2 + sst5 and sst1 + sst2, respectively, showed a biological effect. In summary, knowledge of islet cell ssts expression and the effect of somatostatin analogues with high affinity to ssts may be valuable in the future attempts to influence beta-cell function in type 1 diabetes mellitus, since down-regulation of beta-cell function may promote survival of these cells during the autoimmune attack. PMID:17578804

  6. Nitrogen budget of alpine and aeolian Rocky Mountain sites. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Boston, P.J.

    1985-01-01

    Sources of nitrogen were measured for five Rocky Mountain sites including intrinsic biological N/sub 2/-fixation and atmospheric sources. Total snow, rain and dry deposition of nitrogen for a two-year period were extrapolated from direct measurements. Significant quantities of nitrogen come to these sites from external sources. Atmospheric inputs are higher than background levels for pristine areas. Agricultural and industrial sources undoubtedly contribute to this. Based on acetylene-reduction measurements (1982/1983 and 1983/1984 seasons), only 14-46% of yearly total nitrogen input was provided by biological fixation (as microbial biomass). Over half of the nitrogen (as NO/sup 3 -/ and NO/sup 4 +/) came from precipitation and dry deposition. The ultimate source may be either atmospherically fixed nitrogen or nitrogen biologically or industrially fixed elsewhere and transported to the sites by air movements. All sites are water-limited, particularly late in the growing season. This restricts microbial nitrogen fixation. Total bacterial counts are depressed by dryness. Snowpack melting inhibits densities of nitrogen fixers, nitrifiers, and denitrifiers at the barren sites. High-altitude sites are subject to wide fluctuations in all environmental parameters both seasonally and yearly. Long-term studies will be essential.

  7. Action Research and the Educational Doctorate: New Promises and Visions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zambo, Debby; Isai, Shelley

    2013-01-01

    This case study reveals the development and action research work of a student in a newly designed educational doctorate aimed at preparing scholarly and influential practitioners. Data were gathered from a research journal, field notes, email correspondence, observation, and dissertation work, and analyzed with a constant comparative approach.…

  8. Interdisciplinary Doctoral Program on Young Children, Indiana University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Myrtle

    This document discusses the nature and objective of the Interdisciplinary Doctoral Program on Young Children (IDPYC), which is designed to prepare leaders to function as "interface" (or, catalysts) in settings that concern young children. This program trains them to attain the following characteristics: (a) a sound background and knowledge base in…

  9. Education of Doctor of Pharmacy Candidates as Mental Health Professionals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Peggy A.; Rosenbluth, Sidney A.

    1980-01-01

    The University of Tennessee offers an educational program to prepare Doctor of Pharmacy candidates for clinical roles in mental health care. The program consists of two core curricular elements: a didactic module and a clinical clerkship that devotes equal time to inpatient and outpatient care. Clinical guidelines and pharmacist goals are…

  10. An Experiment in Thesis: A Universal Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noteboom, Jay

    1975-01-01

    This experimental lesson gives students practice at writing a one sentence thesis statement. Each student chooses a song or short poem for which he must provide a thesis statement. The exercise not only teaches development of the thesis statement, but also stimulates student interest and discussion. Examples are presented. (AH)