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Sample records for dodecaborides dinamika kristallicheskoj

  1. Thermopower of RB{sub 12} dodecaborides (R = Ho, Er, Tm, Lu)

    SciTech Connect

    Ignatov, M. I. Glushkov, V. V.; Demishev, S. V.; Shitsevalova, N. Yu.; Levchenko, A. V.; Khayrullin, E. I.; Sluchanko, N. E.

    2007-07-15

    Detailed measurements of the Seebeck coefficient S(T) in a broad range of temperatures (T = 2-300 K) have been performed for the first time for RB{sub 12} dodecaborides (R = Ho, Er, Tm, Lu) in paramagnetic (diamagnetic for LuB{sub 12}) and antiferromagnetic states. At intermediate temperatures (10-300 K), the thermopower is determined by the interaction of carriers with phonon modes, which are related to the oscillations of rare-earth atoms in the framework of atomic clusters B{sub 12}. A comparative analysis of the parameters determining photon drag the thermopower related to the phonon drag and the results of galvanomagnetic measurements shows evidence for a significant effect of spin fluctuations on the behavior of charge transport characteristics in RB{sub 12} compounds with strong electron correlations.

  2. Specific features of magnetoresistance during the antiferromagnet—paramagnet transition in Tm1 - x Yb x B12

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sluchanko, N. E.; Azarevich, A. N.; Bogach, A. V.; Glushkov, V. V.; Demishev, S. V.; Levchenko, A. V.; Filippov, V. B.; Shitsevalova, N. Yu.

    2013-05-01

    The transverse magnetoresistance Δρ/ρ( H, T) of Tm1 - x Yb x B12 single crystals is studied in the ytterbium concentration range corresponding to the antiferromagnet-paramagnet transition in a magnetic field up to 80 kOe at low temperatures. A magnetic H- T phase diagram is constructed for the antiferromagnetic state of substitutional Tm1 - x Yb x B12 solid solutions with x ≤ 0.1. The contributions to the magnetoresistance in the antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic phases of the dodecaborides under study are separated. Along with negative quadratic magnetoresistance -Δρ/ρ ∝ H 2, the magnetically ordered phase of these compounds is found to have component Δρ/ρ ∝ H that linearly changes in a magnetic field. The negative contribution to the magnetoresistance of Tm1 - x Yb x B12 is analyzed in terms of the Yosida model for a local magnetic susceptibility.

  3. Structural features of single crystals of LuB12 upon a transition to the cage-glass phase

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bolotina, N. B.; Verin, I. A.; Shitsevalova, N. Yu.; Filippov, V. B.; Sluchanko, N. E.

    2016-03-01

    The unit-cell parameters of dodecaboride LuB12, which undergoes a transition to the cage-glass phase, have been determined for the first time in the temperature range of 50-75 K by X-ray diffraction, and the single-crystal structure of this compound is established at 50 K. Nonlinear changes in the unit-cell parameters correspond to anomalies in the physical properties near the glass-transition temperature T* ~ 50-70 K. This compound has cubic symmetry at room temperature, and it is reduced to tetragonal symmetry at lower temperatures. Based on the X-ray diffraction data and relying on the physical properties of the crystals, the structure model, in which a small part (~15%) of Lu atoms are displaced from the 2 a sites at the centers of the B24 cuboctahedra to the 16 n sites of sp. gr. I4/ mmm, seems preferable.

  4. Anomalies of magnetoresistance of compounds with atomic clusters RB{sub 12} (R = Ho, Er, Tm, Lu)

    SciTech Connect

    Sluchanko, N. E. Bogach, A. V.; Glushkov, V. V.; Demishev, S. V.; Samarin, N. A.; Sluchanko, D. N.; Dukhnenko, A. V.; Levchenko, A. V.

    2009-04-15

    The magnetoresistance and magnetization of single-crystal samples of rare-earth dodecaborides RB{sub 12} (R = Ho, Er, Tm, Lu) have been measured at low temperatures (1.8-35 K) in a magnetic field of up to 70 kOe. The effect of positive magnetoresistance that obeys the Kohler's rule {delta}{rho}/{rho} = f({rho}(0, 300 K)H/{rho}(0, T)) is observed for the nonmagnetic metal LuB{sub 12}. In the magnetic dodecaborides HoB{sub 12}, ErB{sub 12}, and TmB{sub 12}, three characteristic regimes of the magnetoresistance behavior have been revealed: the positive magnetoresistance effect similar to the case of LuB{sub 12} is observed at T > 25 K; in the range T{sub N} {<=} T {<=} 15 K, the magnetoresistance becomes negative and depends quadratically on the external magnetic field; and, finally, upon the transition to the antiferromagnetic phase (T < T{sub N}), the positive magnetoresistance is again observed and its amplitude reaches 150% for HoB{sub 12}. It has been shown that the observed anomalies of negative magnetoresistance in the paramagnetic phase can be explained within the Yosida model of conduction electron scattering by localized magnetic moments. The performed analysis confirms the formation of spin-polaron states in the 5d band in the vicinity of rare-earth ions in paramagnetic and magnetically ordered phases of RB{sub 12} and makes it possible to reveal a number of specific features in the transformation of the magnetic structure of the compounds under investigation.

  5. Hall and transverse even effects in the vicinity of a quantum critical point in Tm1 - x Yb x B12

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sluchanko, N. E.; Azarevich, A. N.; Bogach, A. V.; Glushkov, V. V.; Demishev, S. V.; Anisimov, M. A.; Levchenko, A. V.; Filipov, V. B.; Shitsevalova, N. Yu.

    2012-09-01

    The angular, temperature, and magnetic field dependences of the resistance recorded in the Hall effect geometry are studied for the rare-earth dodecaboride Tm1 - x Yb x B12 solid solutions where the metal-insulator and antiferromagnetic-paramagnetic phase transitions are observed in the vicinity of the quantum critical point x c ≈ 0.3. The measurements performed on high-quality single crystals in the temperature range 1.9-300 K for the first time have revealed the appearance of the second harmonic contribution, a transverse even effect in these fcc compounds near the quantum critical point. This contribution a is found to increase drastically both under the Tm-to-ytterbium substitution in the range x > x c and with an increase in the external magnetic field. Moreover, as the Yb concentration x increases, a negative peak of a significant amplitude appears on the temperature dependences of the Hall coefficient R H( T) for the Tm1 - x Yb x B12 compounds, in contrast to the invariable behavior R H( T) ≈ const found for TmB12. The complicated activation-type behavior of the Hall coefficient is observed at intermediate temperatures for x ≥ 0.5 with activation energies E g / k B ≈ 200 K and E a/ k B = 55-75 K, and the sign inversion of R H( T) is detected at liquid-helium temperatures in the coherent regime. Renormalization effects in the electron density of states induced by variation of the Yb concentration are analyzed. The anomalies of the charge transport in Tm1 - x Yb x B12 solid solutions in various regimes (charge gap formation, intra-gap many-body resonance, and coherent regime) are discussed in detail and the results are interpreted in terms of the electron phase separation effects in combination with the formation of nanosize clusters of rare earth ions in the cage-glass state of the studied dodecaborides. The data obtained allow concluding that the emergence of Yb-Yb dimers in the Tm1 - x Yb x B12 cage-glass matrix is the origin of the metal

  6. Hall and transverse even effects in the vicinity of a quantum critical point in Tm{sub 1-x}Yb{sub x}B{sub 12}

    SciTech Connect

    Sluchanko, N. E. Azarevich, A. N.; Bogach, A. V.; Glushkov, V. V.; Demishev, S. V.; Anisimov, M. A.; Levchenko, A. V.; Filipov, V. B.; Shitsevalova, N. Yu.

    2012-09-15

    The angular, temperature, and magnetic field dependences of the resistance recorded in the Hall effect geometry are studied for the rare-earth dodecaboride Tm{sub 1-x}Yb{sub x}B{sub 12} solid solutions where the metal-insulator and antiferromagnetic-paramagnetic phase transitions are observed in the vicinity of the quantum critical point x{sub c} Almost-Equal-To 0.3. The measurements performed on high-quality single crystals in the temperature range 1.9-300 K for the first time have revealed the appearance of the second harmonic contribution, a transverse even effect in these fcc compounds near the quantum critical point. This contribution a is found to increase drastically both under the Tm-to-ytterbium substitution in the range x > x{sub c} and with an increase in the external magnetic field. Moreover, as the Yb concentration x increases, a negative peak of a significant amplitude appears on the temperature dependences of the Hall coefficient R{sub H}(T) for the Tm{sup 1-x}Yb{sub x}B{sub 12} compounds, in contrast to the invariable behavior R{sub H}(T) Almost-Equal-To const found for TmB{sub 12}. The complicated activation-type behavior of the Hall coefficient is observed at intermediate temperatures for x {>=} 0.5 with activation energies E{sub g}/k{sub B} Almost-Equal-To 200 K and E{sub a}/k{sub B} 55-75 K, and the sign inversion of R{sub H}(T) is detected at liquid-helium temperatures in the coherent regime. Renormalization effects in the electron density of states induced by variation of the Yb concentration are analyzed. The anomalies of the charge transport in Tm{sub 1-x}Yb{sub x}B{sub 12} solid solutions in various regimes (charge gap formation, intra-gap many-body resonance, and coherent regime) are discussed in detail and the results are interpreted in terms of the electron phase separation effects in combination with the formation of nanosize clusters of rare earth ions in the cage-glass state of the studied dodecaborides. The data obtained allow

  7. Stabilization of HfB12 in Y1-xHfxB12 under Ambient Pressure.

    PubMed

    Akopov, Georgiy; Yeung, Michael T; Turner, Christopher L; Li, Rebecca L; Kaner, Richard B

    2016-05-16

    Alloys of metal dodecaborides-YB12 with HfB12-were prepared via arc-melting in order to stabilize the metastable HfB12 high-pressure phase under ambient pressure. Previously, HfB12 had been synthesized only under high-pressure (6.5 GPa). Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) were used to confirm the purity and phase composition of the prepared samples. The solubility limit for HfB12 in Y1-xHfxB12 (cubic UB12 structure type) was determined to be ∼35 at. % Hf by PXRD and EDS analysis. The value of the cubic unit cell parameter (a) changed from 7.505 Å (pure YB12) to 7.454 Å across the solid solution range. Vickers hardness increased from 40.9 ± 1.6 GPa for pure YB12 to 45.0 ± 1.9 GPa under an applied load of 0.49 N for the Y1-xHfxB12 solid solution composition with ∼28 at. % Hf, suggesting both solid solution hardening and extrinsic hardening due to the formation of secondary phases of hafnium. PMID:27115173

  8. Physical properties of cage-like compound UB12

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Troć, R.; Wawryk, R.; Pikul, A.; Shitsevalova, N.

    2015-07-01

    Boron and uranium form three metallic borides having the chemical formulae UB2, UB4 and UB12. In this study, we present the temperature variations of magnetic susceptibility, specific heat, electrical resistivity (performed in magnetic fields of 0 and up to 9 T), thermoelectric power and thermal conductivity measured on the bulk sample of UB12. This dodecaboride behaves as a typical metal, being a Pauli paramagnet and exhibiting a large variety of physical properties due to its specific close-packed structure containing B12 groups. We describe also an uncommon phenomenon observed in UB12, that is, a fairly large scattering of the experimental resistivity data under application of a magnetic field at low temperatures and its systematic vanishing during heating of the sample. This effect is probably caused by inharmonious movement (rattling) of the uranium atoms inside the oversized coordination cage, B24, reflected by applying the magnetic field. The specific heat, resistivity, thermoelectric power and heat transport data have been analysed in the framework of the low-frequency Einstein modes, which are mainly responsible for the phonon spectra behaviour in the system studied here.

  9. Effects of disorder and isotopic substitution in the specific heat and Raman scattering in LuB{sub 12}

    SciTech Connect

    Sluchanko, N. E. Azarevich, A. N.; Bogach, A. V.; Vlasov, I. I.; Glushkov, V. V.; Demishev, S. V.; Maksimov, A. A.; Tartakovskii, I. I.; Filatov, E. V.; Flachbart, K.; Gabani, S.; Filippov, V. B.; Shitsevalova, N. Yu.; Moshchalkov, V. V.

    2011-09-15

    Precision measurements of the specific heat and spectral intensity I({omega}) of Raman scattering for Lu{sup N}B{sub 12} single crystal samples with various boron isotopes (N = 10, 11, nat) have been performed at low and intermediate temperatures. A boson peak in the low-frequency part of the I({omega}) spectrum has been observed for the first time for lutetium dodecaboride at liquid nitrogen temperatures. It has been shown that low-temperature anomalies in the specific heat, along with the features of Raman spectra, can be interpreted in terms of the transition to a cageglass state at T* = 50-70 K, which appears when Lu{sup 3+} ions are displaced from the centrosymmetric position in cavities of a rigid covalent boron sublattice towards the randomly located boron vacancies. The concentrations of various two-level systems that correspond to two types of vibrational clusters with correlation lengths of 12-15 and 18-22 A, respectively, have been estimated. The vibrational density of states of LuB{sub 12} has been calculated from Raman spectra in the model of soft atomic potentials. An approach has been proposed to explain the dielectrization of the properties of the YbB{sub 12} compound at T < T*, as well as the features of the formation of magnetic structures in RB{sub 12} antiferromagnets (R = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm) and the suppression of superconductivity in LuB{sub 12}.

  10. Experimental and Numerical Study of Swirling Flows and Flame Dynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abricka, M.; Barmina, I.; Valdmanis, R.; Zake, M.

    2014-08-01

    The effect of swirling air on the flow dynamics was investigated for the cold non-reacting flows and the flame arising at thermo-chemical conversion of biomass pellets downstream of a cylindrical channel. Under experimental and numerical investigation was the swirling flow dynamics with the primary axial air supply below a biomass layer and swirling air supply above it. The results indicate that for cold flows the swirling air jet outflow from tangential nozzles leads to the formation of a complex flow dynamics which is influenced both by upstream and downstream air swirl propagation near the channel walls, with correlating swirl-enhanced formation of the upstream and downstream axial flows close to the flow centreline depending on the swirling air supply rate. These axial flows can be completely balanced at their stagnation within the axial recirculation zone. It is shown that at equal boundary conditions for the swirling flame and the cold flows the swirling flow dynamics is influenced by the upstream air swirl-enhanced mixing of the reactants below the air swirl nozzles. This determines the formation of a downstream reaction zone with correlating development of the flow velocity, temperature and composition profiles in the downstream flame regions with improved combustion stability. The low swirl intensity in these regions prevents the formation of a recirculation zone Ir veikti kompleksi aukstu nereaģējošu un liesmas virpuļplūsmu dinamikas veidošanās eksperimentālie pētījumi, izvērtējot galvenos faktorus, kas ietekmē šo plūsmu dinamikas veidošanos cilindriskā kanālā virs granulēta biomasas slāņa pie aksiālas primārā gaisa padeves zem granulu slāņa un gaisa virpuļplūsmas padeves virs tā. Auksto virpuļplūsmu pētījumi apliecina, ka plūsmas dinamiku būtiski ietekmē divu savstarpēji konkurējošu un pretēji vērstu virpuļplūsmu veidošanās pie tangenciālās gaisa padeves sprauslas izejas. Lejupvērstā virpuļplūsma, kas