Science.gov

Sample records for dollars

  1. Dollar Points.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, MA.

    The purpose of this pamphlet is to teach the value of money, to understand the numbers and symbols on U.S. dollar bills, and to provide the history and facts behind U.S. currency. The following words, symbols, or numbers on dollar bills are identified: (1) legal tender; (2) Federal Reserve Note; (3) Federal Reserve Bank's seal and code letter; (4)…

  2. Stretching Your Technology Dollar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Doug

    2012-01-01

    A school district technology director offers 10 strategies to help schools make the most of their technology dollar. These include using effective budgeting techniques, taking advantage of the buying power of groups, practicing sustainable technology, purchasing the right tool for the right job, taking advantage of free software, using cloud…

  3. Fundred Dollar Bill Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Mary

    2009-01-01

    This article describes the Fundred Dollar Bill Project which is an innovative artwork made of millions of drawings. This creative collective action is intended to support Operation Paydirt, an extraordinary art/science project uniting three million children with educators, scientists, healthcare professionals, designers, urban planners, engineers,…

  4. Sand dollar sites orogenesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amos, Dee

    2013-04-01

    The determinology of the humble sand dollars habitat changing from inception to the drastic evolution of the zone to that of present day. Into the cauldron along the southern Californian 'ring of fire' lithosphere are evidence of geosynclinals areas, metasedimentary rock formations and hydrothermal activity. The explanation begins with 'Theia' and the Moon's formation, battles with cometary impacts, glacial ages, epochs with evolutionary bottlenecks and plate tectonics. Fully illustrated the lecture includes localised diagrams and figures with actual subject photographic examples of plutonic, granitic, jade and peridodite. Finally, the origins of the materials used in the lecture are revealed for prosecution by future students and the enjoyment of interested parties in general.

  5. Demonstration Telescopes Using "Dollar Optics"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ross, Paul

    2008-05-01

    I propose a poster that illustrates the use of "dollar optics” for experimentation and for the creation of demonstration telescopes. Handling a variety of lenses and mirrors provides an opportunity for discovering practical optics. Some part of this path of exploration must have been traveled by Galileo as he experimented with spectacle lenses. "Dollar optics” include reading glasses (positive meniscus lenses), convex and concave mirrors, Fresnel sheets, magnifying lenses, and eye loupes. Unwanted distance spectacles (negative meniscus lenses) are available at second-hand stores. Galileo telescopes, "long” 17th century telescopes, and useful demonstration models of Newtonian reflectors can be made with "dollar” optics. The poster will illustrate practical information about "dollar optics” and telescopes: magnification, focal length, and "diopters” disassembling spectacles; creating cheap mounts for spectacle lenses; the importance of optical axes and alignment; eyepieces; and focusing. (A table would be useful with the poster to set out a hands-on display of "dollar optic” telescopes.) Educators, experimenters, and those concerned with astronomy outreach might be interested in this poster. Working with "dollar optics” requires facility with simple tools, interest in planning projects, patience, imagination, and the willingness to invest some time and effort. "Dollar optics” may help to foster creativity and hands-on enthusiasm - as did Galileo's work with simple lenses 400 years ago. "Oh! When will there be an end put to the new observations and discoveries of this admirable instrument?” - Galileo Galilei as quoted by Henry C. King, The History of the Telescope.

  6. Your Automobile Dollar. Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This booklet is designed to help first-time car buyers determine if they can or should buy a car and how to get the most from their car-buying dollar. Leasing and renting options also are discussed. The booklet outlines the process of buying a new car, starting with a review of sizes, types, and features. This is followed by a rundown on showroom…

  7. Your Food Dollar. Money Management. [Revised].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This student/teacher resource booklet provides information on conserving food dollars while providing nutritious meals. The guide shows how to set up a food budget and explains how scanning the weekly food ads, planning meals around the specials, and compiling a list accordingly can also help consumers get more for their food dollars. Numerous…

  8. Your Automobile Dollar, [Revised.] Money Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Law, Jean L., Ed.

    This booklet on automobile purchasing and maintenance, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook discusses buying, maintaining, and operating cars. Section 1 discusses managing automobile dollars. Topics include…

  9. Do You Automate? Saving Time and Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carmichael, Christine H.

    2010-01-01

    An automated workforce management strategy can help schools save jobs, improve the job satisfaction of teachers and staff, and free up precious budget dollars for investments in critical learning resources. Automated workforce management systems can help schools control labor costs, minimize compliance risk, and improve employee satisfaction.…

  10. Food environment and childhood obesity: the effect of dollar stores.

    PubMed

    Drichoutis, Andreas C; Nayga, Rodolfo M; Rouse, Heather L; Thomsen, Michael R

    2015-12-01

    In this paper we examine the effect of dollar stores on children's Body Mass Index (BMI). We use a dataset compiled by the Arkansas Center for Health Improvement that reflects a BMI screening program for public school children in the state of Arkansas. We combine propensity score matching with difference-in-differences methods to deal with time-invariant as well time-varying unobserved factors. We find no evidence that the presence of dollar stores within a reasonably close proximity of the child's residence increases BMI. In fact, we see an increase in BMI when dollar stores leave a child's neighborhood. Given the proliferation of dollar stores in rural and low-income urban areas, the question of whether dollar stores are contributing to high rates of childhood obesity is policy relevant. However, our results provide some evidence that exposure to dollar stores is not a causal factor. PMID:26626186

  11. "Duck stamp" dollars reserve native prairie tracts

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Higgins, K.F.

    1981-01-01

    Ducks and wetlands are inseparable in the prairies. Hunters know this, bird watchers know this, wildlife managers know this, and most importantly people who manage the croplands and rangelands know this. The 1,746 tracts of native prairie within these upland-wetland complexes known as Waterfowl Production Areas are not the only lands purchased with "duck stamp" dollars. Considerable acreages have also been purchased in central and southern parts of the United States to provide staging, resting, and wintering areas for waterfowl. Since 1934, when "duck stamps" were first sold, nearly 2.5 million acres of waterfowl habitats have been acquired or taken under easement within the United States with revenue from these sales. By purchasing "duck stamps", more than 2.2 million people provide over $16.5 million in annual revenue. It is certainly gratifying to know that some of the remaining native prairie remnants in the Northern Great Plains are being reserved for the future with "duck stamp" dollars.

  12. 77 FR 24456 - Retail Exemptions Adjusted Dollar Limitations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-24

    ...) is announcing the dollar limitations on the amount of meat and meat food products and poultry and..., for calendar year 2012, the dollar limitation for meat and meat food products is being increased from...; telephone (202) 720-0345. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background The Federal Meat Inspection Act (21...

  13. 78 FR 23902 - Retail Exemptions Adjusted Dollar Limitations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-23

    ...) is announcing the dollar limitations on the amount of meat and meat food products, poultry, and..., for calendar year 2013, the dollar limitation for meat and meat food products is being increased from...; Telephone: (202) 720-0345. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background The Federal Meat Inspection Act (21...

  14. 31 CFR 535.901 - Dollar accounts at banks abroad.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Dollar accounts at banks abroad. 535... Miscellaneous Provisions § 535.901 Dollar accounts at banks abroad. Any domestic bank is hereby authorized to effect withdrawals or other transfers from any account held in the name of a non-Iranian bank located...

  15. 31 CFR 535.901 - Dollar accounts at banks abroad.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Dollar accounts at banks abroad. 535... Miscellaneous Provisions § 535.901 Dollar accounts at banks abroad. Any domestic bank is hereby authorized to effect withdrawals or other transfers from any account held in the name of a non-Iranian bank located...

  16. 31 CFR 535.901 - Dollar accounts at banks abroad.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Dollar accounts at banks abroad. 535... Miscellaneous Provisions § 535.901 Dollar accounts at banks abroad. Any domestic bank is hereby authorized to effect withdrawals or other transfers from any account held in the name of a non-Iranian bank located...

  17. 31 CFR 535.901 - Dollar accounts at banks abroad.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Dollar accounts at banks abroad. 535... Miscellaneous Provisions § 535.901 Dollar accounts at banks abroad. Any domestic bank is hereby authorized to effect withdrawals or other transfers from any account held in the name of a non-Iranian bank located...

  18. 26 CFR 1.7872-15 - Split-dollar loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Split-dollar loans. 1.7872-15 Section 1.7872-15 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) General Actuarial Valuations § 1.7872-15 Split-dollar loans. (a) General...

  19. 26 CFR 1.7872-15 - Split-dollar loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Split-dollar loans. 1.7872-15 Section 1.7872-15 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) General Actuarial Valuations § 1.7872-15 Split-dollar loans. (a) General...

  20. 31 CFR 1010.980 - Dollars as including foreign currency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Dollars as including foreign currency. 1010.980 Section 1010.980 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... § 1010.980 Dollars as including foreign currency. Wherever in this chapter an amount is Stated in...

  1. 31 CFR 1010.980 - Dollars as including foreign currency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Dollars as including foreign currency. 1010.980 Section 1010.980 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... § 1010.980 Dollars as including foreign currency. Wherever in this chapter an amount is Stated in...

  2. 31 CFR 103.51 - Dollars as including foreign currency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Dollars as including foreign currency. 103.51 Section 103.51 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance FINANCIAL RECORDKEEPING AND REPORTING OF CURRENCY AND FOREIGN TRANSACTIONS General Provisions § 103.51 Dollars...

  3. Green Injustice: Who's Winning the Race for Environmental Dollars?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menard, Valerie

    1994-01-01

    Grass-root environmental justice organizations charge that, when funding for projects targeting minority communities is won by multimillion-dollar environmental organizations, community-based environmental justice groups are underfunded and the concentration of toxic waste facilities in minority communities continues to grow. Lists top 10…

  4. 26 CFR 1.7872-15 - Split-dollar loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... payment to be made by the lender (or a person related to the lender) is sufficiently independent from the... payment by Y of non-qualified deferred compensation is independent from B's requirement to pay interest... rules that apply to a split-dollar loan providing for certain variable rates of interest. (ii)...

  5. 26 CFR 1.7872-15 - Split-dollar loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... payment to be made by the lender (or a person related to the lender) is sufficiently independent from the... payment by Y of non-qualified deferred compensation is independent from B's requirement to pay interest... rules that apply to a split-dollar loan providing for certain variable rates of interest. (ii)...

  6. Dollars Works 2: The Evolution of a Financial Literacy Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petersen, Cindy M.; Heins, Rosemary K.; Katras, Mary Jo

    2013-01-01

    Dollar Works 2 is a comprehensive personal financial education program to help individuals and families strengthen their skills, better manage their personal finances, and make sound decisions about money. This article chronicles the evolution of a curriculum to enhance and modify materials to improve learning and meet the needs of multiple…

  7. Maximizing Program Dollars for Nutrition Education and Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mellinger, Amanda Dew

    1981-01-01

    Describes a statewide dissemination system adopted by the California Nutrition Education and Training Program to expand shrinking dollars for nutrition education. This system involves funding of local nutrition education projects which have been selected as "exemplary" and which then serve as models for new programs within the state. (CS)

  8. 26 CFR 1.7872-15 - Split-dollar loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... split-dollar loan is not a below-market loan, then, except as provided in this section, the loan is...-market loan, then, except as provided in this section, the loan is governed by section 7872. The timing, amount, and characterization of the imputed transfers between the lender and borrower of a...

  9. The Dollar Game Curriculum: Inspiring Wealth Creation in Rural Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braak, Willem J.; Lewin, Paul A.

    2015-01-01

    Rural wealth creation and local entrepreneurship are emerging economic development approaches that bring back a sense of self-determination to rural communities. However, their potential is often greatly diminished by preconceived and opposing notions within the community on what drives economic growth. The Dollar Game is an innovative curriculum…

  10. For Athletics, a Billion-Dollar Goal Line

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolverton, Brad

    2009-01-01

    The nation's biggest athletics departments are quietly trying to raise hundreds of millions of dollars for separate sports endowments, heating up the competition for donors and raising questions about institutional priorities during the economic crunch. At least eight programs hope to bring in more than $100-million each to defray the rising costs…

  11. Charge It!: Using Bank Credit Cards for Small Dollar Purchases.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suwanski, Gene

    1994-01-01

    Recent improvements in corporate credit card programs have allowed colleges and universities to let end users make their own small dollar purchases. This makes purchasing small items quicker and more convenient and eliminates purchasing department efforts, achieving significant operational savings. However, careful control of the system is…

  12. Happy Henry Half Dollar. Teacher's Guide [and] Student Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zishka, Phyllis

    This unit, appropriate for second grade students, contains student materials and teacher's guide for teaching about the appearance, use, and value of the half dollar. Approximate time to complete the unit is six hours. The activities are designed for individualized instruction with a learning center approach. These activities include following…

  13. Smart Energy Choices Free Up Dollars for Capital Improvements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritchey, David

    2003-01-01

    Describes several ways to design or renovate school building to save thousand of dollars of energy costs. Considers site design, energy-efficient building envelope, renewable energy systems, lighting and electrical systems, mechanical and ventilation systems, water conservation, and transportation. Describes how to obtain information about the…

  14. Colleges' Billion-Dollar Campaigns Feel the Economy's Sting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masterson, Kathryn

    2009-01-01

    The economy's collapse has caught up with the billion-dollar campaign. In the past 12 months, the amount of money raised by a dozen of the colleges engaged in higher education's biggest fund-raising campaigns fell 32 percent from the year before. The decline, which started before the worst of the recession, has forced colleges to postpone…

  15. The Consumer and His Dollars: A Workbook and Study Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finegan, Marcella E.

    This workbook and study guide for a money management curriculum in consumer education was written to accompany the textbook "The Consumer and His Dollars" and a teacher's guide, both announced in this issue as VT 017 179 and VT 017 177. Included are 16 chapters, each containing worksheets perforated for easy removal. Chapter highlights, study…

  16. Copper River hydraulic study at Million Dollar Bridge, Alaska

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Jones, Stanley H.; Barber, William F.

    1980-01-01

    The Copper River hydraulic conditions in the vicinity of the Million-Dollar Bridge, Alaska, at the outlet to Miles Lake are described. The water discharge, lake and river bed profiles, bathymetry, velocity, and direction of flow are presented. (Kosco-USGS)

  17. 7 CFR 457.139 - Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance...) FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.139 Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions. The fresh market tomato (dollar plan)...

  18. 7 CFR 457.139 - Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance...) FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.139 Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions. The fresh market tomato (dollar plan)...

  19. 26 CFR 1.61-22 - Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxation of split-dollar life insurance..., and Taxable Income § 1.61-22 Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements. (a) Scope—(1) In general. This section provides rules for the taxation of a split-dollar life insurance arrangement...

  20. 26 CFR 1.472-8 - Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Inventories § 1.472-8 Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. (a) Election to use dollar-value method. Any taxpayer may elect to determine the cost of his...

  1. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-18 - Split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1... Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. See §§ 1.61-22 and 1.7872-15 for rules relating to the treatment of split-dollar life insurance arrangements....

  2. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-18 - Split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1... Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. See §§ 1.61-22 and 1.7872-15 for rules relating to the treatment of split-dollar life insurance arrangements....

  3. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-18 - Split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1... Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. See §§ 1.61-22 and 1.7872-15 for rules relating to the treatment of split-dollar life insurance arrangements....

  4. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-18 - Split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1... Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. See §§ 1.61-22 and 1.7872-15 for rules relating to the treatment of split-dollar life insurance arrangements....

  5. The ‘thousand-dollar genome': an ethical exploration

    PubMed Central

    Dondorp, Wybo J; de Wert, Guido M W R

    2013-01-01

    Sequencing an individual's complete genome is expected to be possible for a relatively low sum ‘one thousand dollars' within a few years. Sequencing refers to determining the order of base pairs that make up the genome. The result is a library of three billion letter combinations. Cheap whole-genome sequencing is of greatest importance to medical scientific research. Comparing individual complete genomes will lead to a better understanding of the contribution genetic variation makes to health and disease. As knowledge increases, the ‘thousand-dollar genome' will also become increasingly important to healthcare. The applications that come within reach raise a number of ethical questions. This monitoring report addresses the issue. PMID:23677179

  6. The 'thousand-dollar genome': an ethical exploration.

    PubMed

    Dondorp, Wybo J; de Wert, Guido M W R

    2013-06-01

    Sequencing an individual's complete genome is expected to be possible for a relatively low sum 'one thousand dollars' within a few years. Sequencing refers to determining the order of base pairs that make up the genome. The result is a library of three billion letter combinations. Cheap whole-genome sequencing is of greatest importance to medical scientific research. Comparing individual complete genomes will lead to a better understanding of the contribution genetic variation makes to health and disease. As knowledge increases, the 'thousand-dollar genome' will also become increasingly important to healthcare. The applications that come within reach raise a number of ethical questions. This monitoring report addresses the issue. PMID:23677179

  7. [The Six Million Dollar Man: from fiction to reality].

    PubMed

    Langeveld, C H Kees

    2013-01-01

    The term 'bionic' has been in existence since 1958, but only gained general recognition from the television series 'The Six Million Dollar Man'. Following a crash, the central figure in this series - test pilot Steve Austin - has an eye, an arm and both legs replaced by prostheses which make him stronger and faster than a normal person. This story is based on the science fiction book 'Cyborg' by Martin Caidin. In the world of comic books and films there are a number of examples of people who are given superhuman powers by having technological gadgets built in. Although the latter is not yet possible, the bionic human has now become reality. PMID:24382050

  8. Dedollarization in Turkey after decades of dollarization: A myth or reality?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Metin-Özcan, Kıvılcım; Us, Vuslat

    2007-11-01

    The paper analyzes dollarization in the Turkish economy given the evidence on dedollarization signals. On conducting a Vector Autoregression (VAR) model, the empirical evidence suggests that dollarization has mostly been shaped by macroeconomic imbalances as measured by exchange rate depreciation volatility, inflation volatility and expectations. Furthermore, the generalized impulse response function (IRF) analysis, in addition to the analysis of variance decomposition (VDC) gives support to the notion that dollarization seems to sustain its persistent nature, thus hysteresis still prevails. Hence, unfavorable macroeconomic conditions apparently contribute to dollarization while dollarization itself contains inertia. Furthermore, dedollarization that presumably started after 2001 has lost headway after May 2006. Thus, it seems too early to conclude that dollarization changed its route to dedollarization.

  9. 48 CFR 1.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 1.109 Section 1.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations..., Issuance 1.109 Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds—adjustment for inflation. (a) 41 U.S.C. 431a... the FAR for inflation, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section. This adjustment...

  10. 31 CFR 358.10 - How are amounts of less than one dollar credited?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How are amounts of less than one... less than one dollar credited? Only full dollar amounts can be held in CUBES; principal amounts that include cents cannot be held in CUBES. Upon the conversion of coupons to CUBES, amounts of less than...

  11. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-18 - Split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1... life insurance arrangements. See §§ 1.61-22 and 1.7872-15 for rules relating to the treatment of split-dollar life insurance arrangements....

  12. 48 CFR 1.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 1.109 Section 1.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations..., Issuance 1.109 Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds—adjustment for inflation. (a) 41 U.S.C. 1908... the FAR for inflation, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section. This adjustment...

  13. 48 CFR 1.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 1.109 Section 1.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations..., Issuance 1.109 Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds—adjustment for inflation. (a) 41 U.S.C. 431a... the FAR for inflation, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section. This adjustment...

  14. 48 CFR 1.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 1.109 Section 1.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations..., Issuance 1.109 Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds—adjustment for inflation. (a) 41 U.S.C. 431a... the FAR for inflation, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section. This adjustment...

  15. 48 CFR 1.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 1.109 Section 1.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations..., Issuance 1.109 Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds—adjustment for inflation. (a) 41 U.S.C. 431a... the FAR for inflation, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section. This adjustment...

  16. 48 CFR 752.7010 - Conversion of U.S. dollars to local currency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Conversion of U.S. dollars to local currency. 752.7010 Section 752.7010 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR... Clauses 752.7010 Conversion of U.S. dollars to local currency. For use in all USAID...

  17. 48 CFR 752.7010 - Conversion of U.S. dollars to local currency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Conversion of U.S. dollars to local currency. 752.7010 Section 752.7010 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR... Clauses 752.7010 Conversion of U.S. dollars to local currency. For use in all USAID...

  18. 48 CFR 752.7010 - Conversion of U.S. dollars to local currency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Conversion of U.S. dollars to local currency. 752.7010 Section 752.7010 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR... Clauses 752.7010 Conversion of U.S. dollars to local currency. For use in all USAID...

  19. 48 CFR 752.7010 - Conversion of U.S. dollars to local currency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Conversion of U.S. dollars to local currency. 752.7010 Section 752.7010 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR... Clauses 752.7010 Conversion of U.S. dollars to local currency. For use in all USAID...

  20. 48 CFR 752.7010 - Conversion of U.S. dollars to local currency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Conversion of U.S. dollars to local currency. 752.7010 Section 752.7010 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR... Clauses 752.7010 Conversion of U.S. dollars to local currency. For use in all USAID...

  1. 26 CFR 1.472-8 - Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. 1.472-8 Section 1.472-8 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Inventories § 1.472-8 Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. (a) Election to...

  2. 26 CFR 1.472-8 - Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. 1.472-8 Section 1.472-8 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Inventories § 1.472-8 Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. (a) Election to...

  3. 26 CFR 1.472-8 - Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. 1.472-8 Section 1.472-8 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Inventories § 1.472-8 Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. (a) Election to...

  4. 26 CFR 1.472-8 - Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. 1.472-8 Section 1.472-8 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Inventories § 1.472-8 Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. (a) Election to...

  5. Effects of genotype and isolate on expression of dollar spot in seashore paspalum

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum Swartz) is a warm-season turfgrass species primarily utilized on golf courses and athletic fields and is often impacted by dollar spot disease. Dollar spot, caused by Sclerotinia homoeocarpa F.T. Bennett, is a major fungal disease and the most common turfgrass p...

  6. Family Support and Time Dollars: How To Build Community Using Social Capital.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobson, Wendy; MacMaster, Pat

    Many communities are rethinking their ideas of mutual support, social economy, and community economic development and are using "Time Dollars" strategies to build on their existing support networks and create a strong and valued social economy. This book provides an introduction to the social capital strategy of Time Dollars and presents a process…

  7. Winglets Save Billions of Dollars in Fuel Costs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2010-01-01

    The upturned ends now featured on many airplane wings are saving airlines billions of dollars in fuel costs. Called winglets, the drag-reducing technology was advanced through the research of Langley Research Center engineer Richard Whitcomb and through flight tests conducted at Dryden Flight Research Center. Seattle-based Aviation Partners Boeing -- a partnership between Aviation Partners Inc., of Seattle, and The Boeing Company, of Chicago -- manufactures Blended Winglets, a unique design featured on Boeing aircraft around the world. These winglets have saved more than 2 billion gallons of jet fuel to date, representing a cost savings of more than $4 billion and a reduction of almost 21.5 million tons in carbon dioxide emissions.

  8. 77 FR 6865 - Pricing for 2012 Infantry Soldier Silver Dollar and 2012 Star-Spangled Banner Commemorative Coin...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-09

    ... United States Mint Pricing for 2012 Infantry Soldier Silver Dollar and 2012 Star- Spangled Banner... Star-Spangled Banner Commemorative Coin products: Introductory Product price Regular price Infantry... Infantry Soldier Silver Dollar Special N/A 51.95 Set Star-Spangled Banner Proof Silver Dollar 49.95...

  9. The challenge of teaching astronomy with 0 dollars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ros, Rosa Maria; García, Beatriz

    2015-08-01

    The training courses on Astronomy are necessary for teachers in all the countries. Normally they are more necessary in developing countries that in other ones. The challenge is to do this work without expenses. NASE, Network for Astronomy School Education, organizes courses for teachers in service and future teachers practically free of charge. The host country only pays accommodation and meals of NASE visitors. But the most interesting aspect of NASE is that presents a lot of activities to carry out in the classroom by 0 dollars using “learning by doing” methodology. After more than 60 courses in about 20 countries we can show several examples of materials generated by participants themselves during the course. With this materials they can make observations and reasoning about their observations in order to understand the astronomy concepts which appear in the curricula of different levels of formal education.Waste materials, cardboard or paper, pieces of string or wire, a stick or a CD, some milk or a drop of oil can be very useful to produce a spectrograph, a photometer, a sundial, a goniometer or a quadrant. The imagination and creativity can replace funding which are difficult to achieve in secondary and primary schools in small towns or villages. NASE is a solution for teachers. which discover that they can explain, in a simple way, complex concepts using models and observations that do not need any money!Participants in NASE courses receive instructions in order to work with NASE materials and after the courses they can find (and create) complementary materials at the NASE website, in order to continue working in the same way. We receive some contributions from some of them that we publish at our web.http:www.naseprogram.org

  10. Policy Implications of First-Dollar Coverage: A Qualitative Examination from the Payer Perspective

    PubMed Central

    Shortridge, Emily F.; Moore, Jonathan R.; Whitmore, Heidi; O'Grady, Michael J.; Shen, Angela K.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives Immunization against potentially life-threatening illnesses for children and adults has proved to be one of the great public health successes of the 20th century and is extremely cost-effective. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act includes a number of provisions to increase coverage and access to immunizations for the consumer, including a provision for health plans to cover all Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices-recommended vaccines at first dollar, or without cost sharing. In this study, we examined payers' perspectives on first-dollar coverage of vaccines and strategies to improve vaccination rates. Methods This was a qualitative study, using a literature review and semistructured expert interviews with payers. Results Four key themes emerged, including (1) the cost implications of the first-dollar change; (2) the importance of examining barriers to children, adolescents, and adults separately to focus interventions more strategically; (3) the importance of provider knowledge and education in increasing immunization; and (4) the effect of first-dollar coverage on those who decline vaccination for personal reasons. Conclusions We determined that, while reducing financial barriers through first-dollar coverage is an important first step to increasing immunization rates, there are structural and cultural barriers that also will require collaborative, strategic work among all vaccine stakeholders. PMID:21553668

  11. Band reporting rates for mallards with reward bands of different dollar values

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Nichols, J.D.; Blohm, R.J.; Reynolds, R.E.; Trost, R.E.; Hines, J.E.; Bladen, J.P.

    1991-01-01

    Adult male mallards (Anas platyrhynchos ) were banded in summer 1987 with reward bands of different dollar values (0-$400) to determine the lowest dollar value that would yield a reporting rate approaching 1.0. During the 1987-88 and 1988-89 hunting seasons, rewards of between 50 and $100 were required to yield a reporting rate near 1.0. We estimated reporting rate of standard bands to be 0.32. Reward bands with 5 and $10 values produced reporting rates that were 1.5-2.0 times as large as those of standard bands. We developed a linear-logistic model to predict reporting rate as a function of the dollar value of reward bands.

  12. 76 FR 41838 - Order Approving Adjustment for Inflation of the Dollar Amount Tests in Rule 205-3 Under the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-15

    ... Adviser Performance Compensation, Investment Advisers Act Release No. 3198 (May 10, 2011) [76 FR 27959... COMMISSION Order Approving Adjustment for Inflation of the Dollar Amount Tests in Rule 205-3 Under the... dollar amount thresholds to account for the effects of inflation in 1998.\\3\\ \\3\\ See Exemption To...

  13. 77 FR 14600 - Pricing for 2012 Kennedy Half-Dollar Bags and Rolls, Bronze Medals, the First Spouse Bronze Medal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-12

    ... United States Mint Pricing for 2012 Kennedy Half-Dollar Bags and Rolls, Bronze Medals, the First Spouse Bronze Medal Set and the Birth Set AGENCY: United States Mint, Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The United States Mint is announcing 2012 pricing for Kennedy Half-Dollar bags and rolls,...

  14. How the Dollar's Value Affects U.S. Farm Exports to Developing Countries. Foreign Agricultural Economic Report Number 237.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burfisher, Mary E.

    United States exports may not necessarily increase when the dollar falls on the world market. Conventional thinking is that a weaker dollar means more demand for U.S. products because they become less expensive than goods from countries with stronger currencies. However, developing countries whose export revenues are denominated in the weakening…

  15. 77 FR 4084 - Prices for 2012 Infantry Soldier Silver Dollar and 2012 Star-Spangled Banner Commemorative Coin...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-26

    ... United States Mint Prices for 2012 Infantry Soldier Silver Dollar and 2012 Star- Spangled Banner... Star-Spangled Banner Commemorative Coin Program products. Prices for the silver products are in the... Dollar N/A $61.95. Defenders of Freedom Set. 2012 Star-Spangled Banner Proof $5 See Attached Grid...

  16. Information Science and Information Policy: The Use of Constant Dollars and Other Indicators To Manage Research Investments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Albert

    1999-01-01

    Compares constant dollar spending on research with constant dollar spending on libraries 1960-1995. Evaluation of the indirect cost policy by which library costs are reimbursed as a function of science grant management suggests it has failed to promote cost-effective research. Evaluation of the impact of various information technologies finds…

  17. 75 FR 8747 - Revision of Certain Dollar Amounts in the Bankruptcy Code Prescribed Under Section 104(A) of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ... UNITED STATES Revision of Certain Dollar Amounts in the Bankruptcy Code Prescribed Under Section 104(A) of the Code AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Certain dollar amounts in title 11 and title 28, United States Code, are increased. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...

  18. 77 FR 54659 - Price for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated Dollar Coin Set

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY United States Mint Price for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated Dollar Coin Set AGENCY: United States Mint, Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The United States Mint is announcing a price of...

  19. Building Literacy in Afterschool. Dollar General Afterschool Literacy Issue Brief. No. 67

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Afterschool Alliance, 2015

    2015-01-01

    The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with Dollar General Literacy Foundation, is proud to present this issue brief examining the vital role afterschool programs play to build students' literacy skills. This issue brief will explore the additional support needed to help students with their reading, writing and critical thinking skills, as well…

  20. 48 CFR 201.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 201.109 Section 201.109 Federal Acquisition...-adjustment for inflation. (d) A matrix showing the most recent escalation adjustments of...

  1. Sliding U.S. Dollar Packs a Wallop to Wallets Worldwide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, Quinn

    2008-01-01

    The dollar, once one of the world's strongest currencies, has fallen dramatically in recent years--a development impacting attitudes from corporate boardrooms to the sets of music videos where artists are choosing to flash the euro over American cash. When measured against a collection of other leading worldwide currencies--like the European euro,…

  2. 31 CFR 535.576 - Payment of non-dollar letters of credit to Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... credit to Iran. 535.576 Section 535.576 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... letters of credit to Iran. Notwithstanding the prohibitions of §§ 535.201 and 535.206(a)(4), payment of existing non-dollar letters of credit in favor of Iranian entities or any person in Iran by any...

  3. 31 CFR 560.516 - Payment and United States dollar clearing transactions involving Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... clearing transactions involving Iran. 560.516 Section 560.516 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations... Payment and United States dollar clearing transactions involving Iran. (a) United States depository institutions are authorized to process transfers of funds to or from Iran, or for the direct or...

  4. 31 CFR 535.576 - Payment of non-dollar letters of credit to Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... credit to Iran. 535.576 Section 535.576 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... letters of credit to Iran. Notwithstanding the prohibitions of §§ 535.201 and 535.206(a)(4), payment of existing non-dollar letters of credit in favor of Iranian entities or any person in Iran by any...

  5. 31 CFR 535.576 - Payment of non-dollar letters of credit to Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... credit to Iran. 535.576 Section 535.576 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... letters of credit to Iran. Notwithstanding the prohibitions of §§ 535.201 and 535.206(a)(4), payment of existing non-dollar letters of credit in favor of Iranian entities or any person in Iran by any...

  6. 31 CFR 560.516 - Payment and United States dollar clearing transactions involving Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... clearing transactions involving Iran. 560.516 Section 560.516 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations... Payment and United States dollar clearing transactions involving Iran. (a) United States depository institutions are authorized to process transfers of funds to or from Iran, or for the direct or...

  7. 31 CFR 535.576 - Payment of non-dollar letters of credit to Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... credit to Iran. 535.576 Section 535.576 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... letters of credit to Iran. Notwithstanding the prohibitions of §§ 535.201 and 535.206(a)(4), payment of existing non-dollar letters of credit in favor of Iranian entities or any person in Iran by any...

  8. 31 CFR 560.516 - Payment and United States dollar clearing transactions involving Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... clearing transactions involving Iran. 560.516 Section 560.516 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations... Payment and United States dollar clearing transactions involving Iran. (a) United States depository institutions are authorized to process transfers of funds to or from Iran, or for the direct or...

  9. 26 CFR 1.61-22 - Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1.61-22 Section 1.61-22 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Definition of Gross Income, Adjusted Gross Income, and Taxable Income § 1.61-22...

  10. 26 CFR 1.61-22 - Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Definition of Gross Income, Adjusted Gross Income, and Taxable Income § 1.61-22 Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements. (a) Scope—(1) In... purposes of the income tax, the gift tax, the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA), the...

  11. 26 CFR 1.61-22 - Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1.61-22 Section 1.61-22 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Definition of Gross Income, Adjusted Gross Income, and Taxable Income § 1.61-22...

  12. 26 CFR 1.61-22 - Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1.61-22 Section 1.61-22 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Definition of Gross Income, Adjusted Gross Income, and Taxable Income § 1.61-22...

  13. 5 CFR 894.505 - Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)? 894.505 Section 894.505 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION...

  14. 5 CFR 894.505 - Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)? 894.505 Section 894.505 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION...

  15. 5 CFR 894.505 - Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)? 894.505 Section 894.505 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION...

  16. 5 CFR 894.505 - Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)? 894.505 Section 894.505 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION...

  17. We Want Our 27 Million Dollars back: Retention as a Revenue Resource

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Raymond T.; Liguori, Denise; O'Connor, Dianna; Postle, Monica

    2009-01-01

    Community colleges lose millions of dollars in potential revenue due to lackluster retention and graduation rates. It is time for change! Bergen Community College (BCC) has made a unique commitment to concentrate solely on this issue. Learn how the establishment of the Department of Retention Services, with its cutting edge initiatives, is…

  18. 48 CFR 201.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 201.109 Section 201.109 Federal Acquisition...-adjustment for inflation. (a) Section 814(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012... adjustment for inflation in accordance with the requirements of 41 U.S.C. 1908, and is adjusted pursuant...

  19. 48 CFR 201.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 201.109 Section 201.109 Federal Acquisition...-adjustment for inflation. (a) Section 814(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012... adjustment for inflation in accordance with the requirements of 41 U.S.C. 1908, and is adjusted pursuant...

  20. 48 CFR 201.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 201.109 Section 201.109 Federal Acquisition...-adjustment for inflation. (d) A matrix showing the most recent escalation adjustments of...

  1. 48 CFR 201.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 201.109 Section 201.109 Federal Acquisition...-adjustment for inflation. (a) Section 814(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012... adjustment for inflation in accordance with the requirements of 41 U.S.C. 1908, and is adjusted pursuant...

  2. When Private Schools Take Public Dollars: What's the Place of Accountability in School Voucher Programs?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finn, Chester E., Jr.; Hentges, Christina M.; Petrilli, Michael J.; Winkler, Amber M.

    2009-01-01

    Critics of school voucher programs argue that private schools that receive taxpayer dollars should be held accountable to the same standards as public schools. School choice supporters counter that private schools should be left alone to answer to the parents of their students. The authors advocate for a re-visit to the discussion of…

  3. Robbing Peter to pay Paul: smarter re-allocation of dollars bring relief!

    PubMed

    Ledlow, Gerald R; Cwiek, Mark

    2002-01-01

    The dynamic tension facing health care organizations today is that of lower third-party payments and higher costs. The ever-present financial squeeze results in daily stressors for health care executives attempting to provide services with diminishing resources. How can one continue to "rob Peter to pay Paul," to make ends meet and stretch every dollar? PMID:12355621

  4. 31 CFR 535.576 - Payment of non-dollar letters of credit to Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... credit to Iran. 535.576 Section 535.576 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... letters of credit to Iran. Notwithstanding the prohibitions of §§ 535.201 and 535.206(a)(4), payment of existing non-dollar letters of credit in favor of Iranian entities or any person in Iran by any...

  5. 7 CFR 457.139 - Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions. 457.139 Section 457.139 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS §...

  6. 7 CFR 457.139 - Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions. 457.139 Section 457.139 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS §...

  7. Suburb-to-suburb intercity travel: Energy, time and dollar expenditures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fels, M. F.

    1976-01-01

    The effect of adding suburb to terminal and terminal to suburb travel is examined. The energy consumed in entire trips was estimated. The total energy costs are compared with total travel times, and dollar costs to the traveler. Trips between origins in seven suburbs of Newark, New Jersey and destinations in two Washington, D. C. suburbs are analyzed.

  8. 31 CFR 500.580 - Authorization of U.S. dollar clearing transactions involving North Korea.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... transactions involving North Korea. 500.580 Section 500.580 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to... Authorization of U.S. dollar clearing transactions involving North Korea. Banking institutions organized under... North Korea or a national thereof has an interest. Persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction who...

  9. 5 CFR 894.505 - Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)? 894.505 Section 894.505 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION...

  10. NBER working paper series: oil and the dollar. Working Paper No. 554

    SciTech Connect

    Krugman, P.

    1980-01-01

    This paper develops a simple theoretical model of the effect of an oil price increase on exchange rates. The model shows that the direction of this effect depends on a comparison of the direct balance of payments burden of the higher oil price with the indirect balance of payments benefits of OPEC spending and investment. In the short run, what matters is whether the US share of world oil imports is more or less than its share of OPEC asset holdings; in the long run, whether its share of oil imports is more or less than its share of OPEC imports. Casual empiricism suggests that the initial effect and the long run effect will run in opposite directions; an oil price increase will initially lead to dollar appreciation, but eventually leads to dollar depreciation.

  11. Study of State Energy Conservation Program: 1979 energy savings indicators. [Estimated Btu's and dollars

    SciTech Connect

    1980-06-01

    This study reviewed 1979 energy savings reports provided by states for conservation measures in four major categories of State Energy Conservation Program services, namely: (1) industrial, commercial, and institutional; (2) residential; (3) thermal and lighting; and (4) transportation. Conservation measures in these categories constitute a major portion of the total estimated 1980 savings for the State Energy Conservation Program. This study only addressed measures in these categories for which usable documentation had been submitted by states. Based on a review of measures supported by available documentation, the study estimates that energy savings associated with the conservation measures reviewed were 108 TBtu's for the calendar year 1979. These estimated energy savings for 1979 were converted into 540 million dollars for 1979 and 2.8 billion dollars over the projected life of the conservation measures.

  12. 26 CFR 1.985-3 - United States dollar approximate separate transactions method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... applied the rules under § 1.985-3 (as contained in the April 1, 1994 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1..., if applicable, § 1.985-5T, as contained in the April 1, 1993 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1... applies to any transaction that is determined to be a dollar transaction under section 988. (ii)...

  13. 26 CFR 1.985-3 - United States dollar approximate separate transactions method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... applied the rules under § 1.985-3 (as contained in the April 1, 1994 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1..., if applicable, § 1.985-5T, as contained in the April 1, 1993 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1... applies to any transaction that is determined to be a dollar transaction under section 988. (ii)...

  14. 26 CFR 1.985-3 - United States dollar approximate separate transactions method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... applied the rules under § 1.985-3 (as contained in the April 1, 1994 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1..., if applicable, § 1.985-5T, as contained in the April 1, 1993 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1... applies to any transaction that is determined to be a dollar transaction under section 988. (ii)...

  15. 20th century U.S. mineral prices decline in constant dollars

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sullivan, Daniel E.; Sznopek, John L.; Wagner, Lorie A.

    2000-01-01

    Price indexes developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) indicate that the long-term constant dollar price of key U.S. mineral raw materials declined over the last century, even though the need for mineral raw materials increased during the same period. Technologies and reduced production costs have allowed mineral production to remain profitable, while lower priced mineral products from domestic and foreign sources helped fuel growth in other sectors of the economy.

  16. Stretching the School Dollar: A Brief for State Policymakers. Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrilli, Michael J.; Roza, Marguerite

    2011-01-01

    After years of non-stop increases--national k-12 per-pupil spending is up by "one-third" in inflation-adjusted dollars since 1995--schools now face the near-certainty of repeated annual budget cuts for the first time since the Great Depression. In some states and districts, reductions will be dramatic--well into the double digits. And these new…

  17. 77 FR 15052 - Dataset Workshop-U.S. Billion Dollar Disasters Dataset (1980-2011): Assessing Dataset Strengths...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-14

    ... Disasters (1980-2011) dataset and associated methods used to develop the data set. An important goal of the... data set addresses; What steps should be taken to enhance the robustness of the billion-dollar...

  18. 38 CFR 3.405 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... laws. As such, the provisions of 38 CFR 3.114(a) apply when determining the effective date of an award...-dollar rate. The latest of the following: (1) Date entitlement arose; (2) Date on which the veteran...

  19. 38 CFR 3.405 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... laws. As such, the provisions of 38 CFR 3.114(a) apply when determining the effective date of an award...-dollar rate. The latest of the following: (1) Date entitlement arose; (2) Date on which the veteran...

  20. 38 CFR 3.405 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... laws. As such, the provisions of 38 CFR 3.114(a) apply when determining the effective date of an award...-dollar rate. The latest of the following: (1) Date entitlement arose; (2) Date on which the veteran...

  1. New oil exploration play in Florida: The upper Fredericksberg Dollar Bay Formation

    SciTech Connect

    Mitchell-Tapping, H.J. )

    1990-09-01

    The Fredericksberg of South Florida may have a great oil potential that has been overlooked as a primary target in past decades. Previous exploration in the area has targeted the Lower Cretaceous oil-producing Sunniland Formation lower in the stratigraphic section. The Fredericksberg Dollar Bay Formation has hydrocarbon shows in many wells occurring in limestone biohermal deposits as well as in an upper dolomitic section. The Dollar Bay Formation is part of the Big Cypress Group of the Comanchean Series of the Lower Cretaceous. The Lower Cretaceous lithology is composed of evaporitic-carbonate cycles consisting of anhydrites, dolomites, and limestones. There are also present some calcareous shales, mudstones, salt, lignitic material, and carbonaceous material, especially in the anhydrite and limestone intervals. The limestones are usually micritic, chalky, calcarenitic, sometimes argillaceous, containing skeletal particles of gastropods, pelecypods, ostracods, algae, and forams together with ooids, oncolites, grapestones, and fecal pellets. The color of the limestone ranges from white to gray to tan to dark brown. The anhydrite is usually nodular, microcrystalline, or crystalline and is usually bedded. The dolomite crystals range from euhedral to sucrosic and occur in about 30% of the formation. The expected production in the Dollar Bay Formation will be from a leached calcarenite or a dolomite. Petrological examination of core and cuttings samples show a trapping mechanism and reservoir quality and content similar to the oil pay-zone of the Sunniland Formation in Felda field. In the wells examined the reservoir porosities range from 13.6% to 28.7% with permeabilities ranging from 4.9 md to 119.0 md in a dolomite section, while in the limestone the porosities range from 9.2% to 32.7% with permeabilities from 5.2 md to 59.0 md. More than 20 wells have been evaluated for lithology, porosity, diagenesis, cementation, and the direction of hydrocarbon migration.

  2. Holistic morphometric analysis of growth of the sand dollar Echinarachnius parma (Echinodermata:Echinoidea:Clypeasteroida).

    PubMed

    Zachos, Louis G

    2015-01-01

    Holistic morphometrics is a term implying complete shape characterization of all of the structural parts of an organism. The skeleton of an echinoid is comprised of hundreds of individual plates arranged in a closed 3-dimensional mosaic forming the test. GIS software and techniques were used to generate topologically correct digital models of an ontogenetic series of specimens of the sand dollar echinoid Echinarachnius parma. Plate growth can be considered in proportion to overall skeleton growth, resulting in a linear model of relative growth. Alternatively, separate logistic equations can be fit to the ontogenetic series of homologous plate areas using nonlinear least squares regression to result in a model for instantaneous growth. The linear and logistic parameters of the models describe the allometric growth of plates from different viewpoints. Growth is shown to fall into characteristic patterns defining distinct plate growth domains associated with development of the imago (larval) skeleton just prior to metamorphosis, early growth associated with expansion of the corona and fold-over (forming the flattened body form), juvenile growth and formation of petals, and adult growth. Functions of growth, plate translocation, plate juxtaposition between aboral and oral surfaces, and relationships with internal buttressing are quantified. Results offer explanations for general skeletal symmetry, distinction between ambulacral and interambulacral growth, the relationship of growth to internal buttressing, existence of a distinct petalodium, and anterior-posterior asymmetry during development. The parametric values of growth functions derived from the results are a basis for computational modeling of growth and development in sand dollars. PMID:26701420

  3. 13 CFR 124.519 - Are there any dollar limits on the amount of 8(a) contracts that a Participant may receive?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 8(a) BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT/SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS STATUS DETERMINATIONS 8(a) Business Development Contractual Assistance § 124.519 Are there any dollar limits on the... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Are there any dollar limits on...

  4. Reassessment of NRC`s dollar per person-rem conversion factor policy

    SciTech Connect

    1995-12-01

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has completed a review and analysis of its dollar per person-rem conversion factor policy. As a result of this review, the NRC has decided to adopt a $2000 per person-rem conversion factor, subject it to present worth considerations, and limit its scope solely to health effects. This is in contrast to the previous policy and staff practice of using an undiscounted $1000 per person-rem conversion factor that served as a surrogate for all offsite consequences (health and offsite property). The policy shift has been incorporated in ``Regulatory Analysis Guidelines of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission,`` NUREG/BR-0058, Revision 2, November 1995.

  5. Phase transition of dynamical herd behaviors for Yen Dollar exchange rates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoon, Seong-Min; Choi, J. S.; Kim, Y.; Kim, Kyungsik

    2006-01-01

    We study the herd behavior and the phase transition for the yen-dollar exchange rate in the Japanese financial market. It is obtained that the probability distribution of returns satisfies the power-law behavior P(R)≃R with scaling exponents β=3.11, 2.81, and 2.29 at time intervals τ=1min, 30min, and 1 h. The crash region in which the probability density increases with the increasing return appears, when the herding parameter h satisfies h⩾2.33 for the case of τ<30min. We especially obtain that no crash occurs τ>30min and that the probability distribution of price returns occurs in the phase transition at τ=30min.

  6. Scour assessment at bridges from Flag Point to Million Dollar Bridge, Copper River Highway, Alaska

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Brabets, T.P.

    1994-01-01

    Twelve bridges are located along the Copper River Highway from Flag Point (Mile 27) to lhe Million Dollar Bridge (Mile 48). These bridges cross all or parts of the Copper River. Channel scour at these bridges was assessed by collecting and analyzing discharge and sediment data, analyzing aerial photography for eight different years, surveying and comparing cross sections, and utilizing scour equations. Between 1968 and 1992, scour occurring at Bridge 331 has formed two distinct channels at the bridge. The channel at Bridge 1187 has remained relatively unchanged between 1968 and 1992. During this same time period, the channel at Bridge 332 appears to have gradually filled. However, during the 1992 runoff season, the channel at this bridge scoured significantly, probably because of its unstable nature. The most significant scour has occurred at Bridge 342. A high-water period in 1981 probably shifted much of the flow of the Copper River through this bridge. As a result, severe contraction scour occurred which required major repairs to the bridge. During 1991 and 1992, the approach channel to Bridge 342 has been migrating, causing scour in the left side of the channel. Bed material at the Million Dollar Bridge consists of hard unweathered boulders nested in dense gravel. Because of this type of erosion-resistant material, no significant scour has occurred at this site. Contraction scour equations overestimated the mean depth of flow at Bridge 331 by 2.6 to 5.0 ft, but were within 1.0 ft of the mean depth of flow for Bridge 1187. The local scour equations generally overestimated local scour at both Bridge 331 and Bridge 1187. The accuracy of some equations was probably affected because water velocities could not be obtained upstream from the piers.

  7. 26 CFR 1.985-2 - Election to use the United States dollar as the functional currency of a QBU.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... election if it is established to the satisfaction of the district director that reasonable cause existed...) of this section shall not invalidate the dollar election, if it is established to the satisfaction of... separate transactions method described in § 1.985-3 only if the QBU demonstrates to the satisfaction of...

  8. Dollars Equal the Margin of Excellence. Southern Association of Community and Junior Colleges Occasional Paper, Volume 5, Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walters, Lex

    Finding the dollars needed to operate a college is a major challenge, especially for educational leaders endeavoring to raise their institutions' overall level of excellence. In many Southeastern states, two-year colleges have responded to declines in revenue by increasing tuition and other fees and in some cases putting the cost of college beyond…

  9. 76 FR 5819 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; HUD-Owned Real Estate-Dollar Home...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; HUD-Owned Real Estate... following information: Title of Proposal: HUD-Owned Real Estate--Dollar Home Sales Program. OMB...

  10. 75 FR 62413 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD-Owned Real Estate-Dollar Home...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD- Owned Real Estate... also lists the following information: Title of Proposal: HUD-Owned Real Estate--Dollar Home...

  11. 13 CFR 124.506 - At what dollar threshold must an 8(a) procurement be competed among eligible Participants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false At what dollar threshold must an 8(a) procurement be competed among eligible Participants? 124.506 Section 124.506 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 8(a) BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT/SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS...

  12. 78 FR 12089 - Revision of Certain Dollar Amounts in the Bankruptcy Code Prescribed Under Section 104(a) of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-21

    ... of Certain Dollar Amounts in the Bankruptcy Code Prescribed Under Section 104(a) of the Code AGENCY... title 28, United States Code, are increased. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Amanda L. Anderson, Chief... INFORMATION: Section 104(a) of title 11, United States Code, provides the mechanism for an automatic...

  13. How many cents on the dollar? Women and men in product markets.

    PubMed

    Kricheli-Katz, Tamar; Regev, Tali

    2016-02-01

    Gender inequality in contemporary U.S. society is a well-documented, widespread phenomenon. However, little is known about gender disparities in product markets. This study is the first to use actual market data to study the behavior of women and men as sellers and buyers and differences in market outcomes. We analyze a unique and large data set containing all eBay auction transactions of most popular products by private sellers between the years 2009 and 2012. Women sellers received a smaller number of bids and lower final prices than did equally qualified men sellers of the exact same product. On average, women sellers received about 80 cents for every dollar a man received when selling the identical new product and 97 cents when selling the same used product. These findings held even after controlling for the sentiments that appear in the text of the sellers' listings. Nonetheless, it is worth noting that this gap varied by the type of the product being sold. As a policy, eBay does not reveal the gender of users. We attribute the price differences to the ability of buyers to discern the gender of the seller. We present results from an experiment that shows that people accurately identify the gender of sellers on the basis of typical information provided in postings. We supplement the analysis with an additional off-eBay experiment showing that, in a controlled setting, people are willing to pay less for money-value gift cards when they are sold by women rather than men. PMID:26989770

  14. How many cents on the dollar? Women and men in product markets

    PubMed Central

    Kricheli-Katz, Tamar; Regev, Tali

    2016-01-01

    Gender inequality in contemporary U.S. society is a well-documented, widespread phenomenon. However, little is known about gender disparities in product markets. This study is the first to use actual market data to study the behavior of women and men as sellers and buyers and differences in market outcomes. We analyze a unique and large data set containing all eBay auction transactions of most popular products by private sellers between the years 2009 and 2012. Women sellers received a smaller number of bids and lower final prices than did equally qualified men sellers of the exact same product. On average, women sellers received about 80 cents for every dollar a man received when selling the identical new product and 97 cents when selling the same used product. These findings held even after controlling for the sentiments that appear in the text of the sellers’ listings. Nonetheless, it is worth noting that this gap varied by the type of the product being sold. As a policy, eBay does not reveal the gender of users. We attribute the price differences to the ability of buyers to discern the gender of the seller. We present results from an experiment that shows that people accurately identify the gender of sellers on the basis of typical information provided in postings. We supplement the analysis with an additional off-eBay experiment showing that, in a controlled setting, people are willing to pay less for money-value gift cards when they are sold by women rather than men. PMID:26989770

  15. Estimating dollar-value outcomes of workman`s compensation claims using radial basis function networks

    SciTech Connect

    Hancock, M.F. Jr.

    1995-12-31

    The National Council on Compensation Insurance (NCCI) maintains a national data base of outcomes of workers` compensation claims. We consider whether a radial basis function network can predict the total dollar value of a claim based upon medical and demographic indicators (MDI`s). This work used data from 12,130 workers` compensation claims collected over a period of four years from the state of New Mexico. Two problems were addressed: (1) How well can the total incurred medical expense for all claims be predicted from available MDI`s? For individual claims? (2) How well can the duration of disability be predicted from available MDI`s? The available features intuitively correlated with total medical cost were selected, including type of injury, part of body injured, person`s age at time of injury, gender, marital status, etc. These features were statistically standardized and sorted by correlation with outcome valuation. Principal component analysis was applied. A radial basis function neural network was applied to the feature sets in both supervised and unsupervised training modes. For sets used in training, individual case valuations could consistently be predicted to within $1000 over 98% of the time. For these sets, it was possible to predict total medical expense for the training sets themselves to within 10%. When applied as blind tests against sets which were NOT part of the training data, the prediction was within 15% on the whole sets. Results on individual cases were very poor in only 30% of the cases were the predictions for the training sets within $1000 of their actual valuations. Single-factor analysis suggested that the presence of an attorney strongly decorrelated the data. A simple stratification was performed to remove cases involving attorneys and contested claims, and the procedures above repeated. Preliminary results based upon the very limited effort applied indicate that NCCI data support population estimates, but not single-point estimates.

  16. Modeling variations in the cedi/dollar exchange rate in Ghana: an autoregressive conditional heteroscedastic (ARCH) models.

    PubMed

    Techie Quaicoe, Michael; Twenefour, Frank B K; Baah, Emmanuel M; Nortey, Ezekiel N N

    2015-01-01

    This research article aimed at modeling the variations in the dollar/cedi exchange rate. It examines the applicability of a range of ARCH/GARCH specifications for modeling volatility of the series. The variants considered include the ARMA, GARCH, IGARCH, EGARCH and M-GARCH specifications. The results show that the series was non stationary which resulted from the presence of a unit root in it. The ARMA (1, 1) was found to be the most suitable model for the conditional mean. From the Box-Ljung test statistics x-squared of 1476.338 with p value 0.00217 for squared returns and 16.918 with 0.0153 p values for squared residuals, the null hypothesis of no ARCH effect was rejected at 5% significance level indicating the presence of an ARCH effect in the series. ARMA (1, 1) + GARCH (1, 1) which has all parameters significant was found to be the most suitable model for the conditional mean with conditional variance, thus showing adequacy in describing the conditional mean with variance of the return series at 5% significant level. A 24 months forecast for the mean actual exchange rates and mean returns from January, 2013 to December, 2014 made also showed that the fitted model is appropriate for the data and a depreciating trend of the cedi against the dollar for forecasted period respectively. PMID:26180749

  17. Thermal stress in Larvae of the sand dollar (Dendraster excentricus) induces changes in hsp70 gen expression

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Olivares-Bañuelos, T.; Garcia-Echauri, L.; Figueroa-Flores, S.; Carpizo-Ituarte, E.

    2010-03-01

    The relationship between temperature and individual performance is reasonably well understood, and much climate-related research has focused on potential shifts in distribution and abundance driven directly by temperature(1). It is known, that global climate change has profound implications for marine ecosystems and the economic and social systems that depend upon them. In virtually all organisms, including equinoderms, cells respond to a variety of stresses, as temperature changes, by the rapid synthesis of a highly conserved set of polypeptides termed heat shock proteins (HSPs) (2). Differential Hsp expression among species may allow functionally important genetic variation to cope with thermal stress and other environmental stressors, allowing populations to respond effectively to environmental change. The aim of the present work was to elucidate the effect of different temperatures on hsp70 expression in larvae of the sand dollar Dendraster excentricus. We are interested to understand what is how organisms that live in estuaries respond to global warming. We did thermo tolerance assays whit 3 different larval stages of the sand dollar, including 8 arms plutei, competent and metamorphic larvae. We tested 4 experimental temperatures (4, 20, 26, and 29°C) and 3 different times (1, 3 and 6 hours). After each treatment, total RNA was extracted and used to quantify hsp70 expression levels using real time PCR analysis. We detected, after 6 hours of thermal stress, the highest over-expression levels of hsp70 in both metamorphic and competent larvae. In 8 arms pluetus larvae, no significant differences in hsp70 expression were observed after the exposure to the experimental temperatures. Taking together our results, indicate that larvae of Dendraster excentricus are responding according to their development stage to cope with thermal-stress. The capability of sand dollar larvae to acclimate and respond effectively to the climatic change would be determinated by the sea

  18. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 1215 - Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation Estimate) A Appendix A to Part 1215 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION TRACKING AND DATA RELAY SATELLITE SYSTEM (TDRSS)...

  19. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 1215 - Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation Estimate) A Appendix A to Part 1215 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION TRACKING AND DATA RELAY SATELLITE SYSTEM (TDRSS) Pt. 1215, App. A Appendix A to Part...

  20. The Economic Benefits of Personnel Selection Using Ability Tests: A State of the Art Review Including a Detailed Analysis of the Dollar Benefit of U.S. Employment Service Placements and a Critique of the Low-Cutoff Method of Test Use. USES Test Research Report No. 47.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunter, John E.

    The economic impact of optimal selection using ability tests is far higher than is commonly known. For small organizations, dollar savings from higher productivity can run into millions of dollars a year. This report estimates the potential savings to the Federal Government as an employer as being 15.61 billion dollars per year if tests were given…

  1. Rethinking competence in marine life cycles: ontogenetic changes in the settlement response of sand dollar larvae exposed to turbulence

    PubMed Central

    Hodin, Jason; Ferner, Matthew C.; Ng, Gabriel; Lowe, Christopher J.; Gaylord, Brian

    2015-01-01

    Complex life cycles have evolved independently numerous times in marine animals as well as in disparate algae. Such life histories typically involve a dispersive immature stage followed by settlement and metamorphosis to an adult stage on the sea floor. One commonality among animals exhibiting transitions of this type is that their larvae pass through a ‘precompetent’ period in which they do not respond to localized settlement cues, before entering a ‘competent’ period, during which cues can induce settlement. Despite the widespread existence of these two phases, relatively little is known about how larvae transition between them. Moreover, recent studies have blurred the distinction between the phases by demonstrating that fluid turbulence can spark precocious activation of competence. Here, we further investigate this phenomenon by exploring how larval interactions with turbulence change across ontogeny, focusing on offspring of the sand dollar Dendraster excentricus (Eschscholtz). Our data indicate that larvae exhibit increased responsiveness to turbulence as they get older. We also demonstrate a likely cost to precocious competence: the resulting juveniles are smaller. Based upon these findings, we outline a new, testable conception of competence that has the potential to reshape our understanding of larval dispersal and connectivity among marine populations. PMID:26543587

  2. Cancer Drugs Provide Positive Value In Nine Countries, But The United States Lags In Health Gains Per Dollar Spent.

    PubMed

    Salas-Vega, Sebastian; Mossialos, Elias

    2016-05-01

    Cancer drugs account for a growing share of health care expenditure, raising questions about how much value is gained from their use. We used a proprietary international data set to examine real-world cancer drug consumption and expenditure in the period 2004-14 in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States and to explore the value obtained. Even after adjusting for population and epidemiological factors, we found that the United States spent more than the other countries on cancer drugs, yet it often had lower utilization. All nine countries-most notably France and Japan-witnessed an improvement in neoplasm-related years of potential life lost, which suggests that although the costs of drugs have risen, their therapeutic benefits have increased as well. Net economic value derived from cancer drug expenditures appears to have remained positive, with base-case analyses indicating that the United States obtained an estimated $32.6 billion in net positive return from cancer drug care in 2014. However, the United States lags behind other countries in health gains obtained per dollar spent on cancer drugs, which suggests an opportunity to improve value in the oncology drug market. PMID:27140987

  3. Rethinking competence in marine life cycles: ontogenetic changes in the settlement response of sand dollar larvae exposed to turbulence.

    PubMed

    Hodin, Jason; Ferner, Matthew C; Ng, Gabriel; Lowe, Christopher J; Gaylord, Brian

    2015-06-01

    Complex life cycles have evolved independently numerous times in marine animals as well as in disparate algae. Such life histories typically involve a dispersive immature stage followed by settlement and metamorphosis to an adult stage on the sea floor. One commonality among animals exhibiting transitions of this type is that their larvae pass through a 'precompetent' period in which they do not respond to localized settlement cues, before entering a 'competent' period, during which cues can induce settlement. Despite the widespread existence of these two phases, relatively little is known about how larvae transition between them. Moreover, recent studies have blurred the distinction between the phases by demonstrating that fluid turbulence can spark precocious activation of competence. Here, we further investigate this phenomenon by exploring how larval interactions with turbulence change across ontogeny, focusing on offspring of the sand dollar Dendraster excentricus (Eschscholtz). Our data indicate that larvae exhibit increased responsiveness to turbulence as they get older. We also demonstrate a likely cost to precocious competence: the resulting juveniles are smaller. Based upon these findings, we outline a new, testable conception of competence that has the potential to reshape our understanding of larval dispersal and connectivity among marine populations. PMID:26543587

  4. A new genus of mellitid sand dollar (Echinoidea: Mellitidae) from the eastern Pacific coast of the Americas.

    PubMed

    Coppard, Simon E

    2016-01-01

    Lanthonia gen. nov. Coppard 2016 is a genus of clypeasteroid sand dollar whose members inhabit shallow, sandy waters from Mexico (including the Gulf of California) to Colombia in the tropical and subtropical eastern Pacific. Lanthonia includes Lanthonia longifissa (Michelin, 1858) and Lanthonia grantii (Mortensen, 1948), with L. longifissa hereby designated as the type species. Both L. longifissa and L. grantii were previously placed in the genus Mellita (L. Agassiz, 1841). However, levels of genetic divergence between a lineage containing L. longifissa and L. grantii and a lineage containing all other species of Mellita, including the type species M. quinquiesperforata (Leske, 1778), indicate genus level differentiation. The systematic interpretation of this group also supports the designation of this new genus as it allows the tree topology to be recovered from the nomenclature and clarifies the historical biogeography of these clades. This has resulted in members of both lineages today being sympatric in the eastern Pacific. Members of Lanthonia are morphologically differentiated from the type species of Mellita and all Pacific Mellita in having very narrow ambulacral regions between the food grooves and the ambulacral lunules on the oral surface, these being very broad in both M. quinquiesperforata and M. notabilis. The dentation of the bidentate pedicellariae also differentiate these genera, with small peripheral teeth present along the edge of the blade in species of Lanthonia and one to three enlarged intersecting teeth present distally in all species of Mellita. PMID:27394905

  5. The CRISPR Conundrum: As Millions of Dollars Flow into Developing the Gene-Editing Tool, Scientists Continue to Discover the Technology?s Potential and Pitfalls.

    PubMed

    Bates, Mary

    2016-01-01

    We are in the midst of a CRISPR craze. The last five years have seen the publication of over 1,000 scientific papers, the allocation of millions of research dollars, and the establishment of four start-up companies in the United States alone. Internationally, the genome-editing market, fueled by CRISPR technology, is expected to be worth more than US$3,000 million by 2019. PMID:26978846

  6. Saving Energy Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cray, Douglas W.

    1993-01-01

    The Comprehensive National Energy Policy Act of 1992 encourages energy-conservation measures and proposes matching federal energy-conservation funds with state programs to achieve energy conservation in public buildings. Presents a sampler of conservation projects in Massachusetts, Connecticut, Florida, and Minnesota. (MLF)

  7. Hunting for Alumni Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Wylie

    2007-01-01

    Fundraising has never been a strong suit for most community colleges. But in recent years, it's become a major focus. Forced to offset a decrease in government funding to help pay for student scholarships, capital improvement projects, and additional personnel to launch new educational programs, community college leaders have been forced to…

  8. Software Solution Saves Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trotter, Andrew

    2004-01-01

    This article discusses computer software that can give classrooms and computer labs the capabilities of costly PC's at a small fraction of the cost. A growing number of cost-conscious school districts are finding budget relief in low-cost computer software known as "open source" that can do everything from manage school Web sites to equip…

  9. Managing Public School Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Inst. of Certified Public Accountants, New York, NY.

    Although this booklet focuses on methods of accumulating and analyzing management and the financial and statistical data helpful to members of school boards, equal emphasis is placed on meeting the needs of the pupil--making him more self confident, developing his skills, instilling knowledge, and inspiring creativity. It considers changes in the…

  10. Getting Your Dollar's Worth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shackell, Wallace K., Jr.

    Designed as a secondary level consumer education text dealing with how to use your money wisely, this booklet makes use of stories, skits, and cartoon drawings to dramatize the everyday life of a consumer. It tells how to buy cars, how to use credit (charge accounts, credit cards, life insurance, credit unions, passbook savings, commercial banks,…

  11. Saving Energy Dollars Now.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buck, Jim

    1998-01-01

    In many states, electrical energy is moving from being a highly regulated commodity to a competitively priced product with optional associated services. Increased competition should result in lower prices. Schools can stay ahead of the game by initiating an energy-contract review, examining delivery contracts, negotiating rates, examining monthly…

  12. Managing Chicago's Urban Dollar.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feins, Judith D.

    This booklet is based on a series of discussions and a colloquium held in response to Chicago's need to establish new priorities for society's capitalization and social service needs, which are increasingly in conflict; the public's decreasing confidence in the political, labor, and business leadership of the city; and the inadequate communication…

  13. Dialing for Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dervarics, Charles

    1997-01-01

    Historically black colleges and universities need subject expertise and aggressive tactics to win Department of Defense research contracts, despite Pentagon efforts to target black colleges. The colleges compete with institutions whose minority group populations, alone or combined, are a majority of total enrollment. Several approaches useful in…

  14. Dollar$ and Sense

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stuart, Reginald

    2012-01-01

    When fans of intercollegiate basketball see the month of March approach, they know it's time for the near-marathon round of March Madness when the best of the nation's college basketball teams square off in a battle to the finish for the NCAA Division I championship. It's the month when basketball powerhouses seek to reaffirm their status and…

  15. Structural Constraints and Earthquake Recurrence Estimates for the West Tahoe-Dollar Point Fault, Lake Tahoe Basin, California

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maloney, J. M.; Driscoll, N. W.; Kent, G.; Brothers, D. S.; Baskin, R. L.; Babcock, J. M.; Noble, P. J.; Karlin, R. E.

    2011-12-01

    Previous work in the Lake Tahoe Basin (LTB), California, identified the West Tahoe-Dollar Point Fault (WTDPF) as the most hazardous fault in the region. Onshore and offshore geophysical mapping delineated three segments of the WTDPF extending along the western margin of the LTB. The rupture patterns between the three WTDPF segments remain poorly understood. Fallen Leaf Lake (FLL), Cascade Lake, and Emerald Bay are three sub-basins of the LTB, located south of Lake Tahoe, that provide an opportunity to image primary earthquake deformation along the WTDPF and associated landslide deposits. We present results from recent (June 2011) high-resolution seismic CHIRP surveys in FLL and Cascade Lake, as well as complete multibeam swath bathymetry coverage of FLL. Radiocarbon dates obtained from the new piston cores acquired in FLL provide age constraints on the older FLL slide deposits and build on and complement previous work that dated the most recent event (MRE) in Fallen Leaf Lake at ~4.1-4.5 k.y. BP. The CHIRP data beneath FLL image slide deposits that appear to correlate with contemporaneous slide deposits in Emerald Bay and Lake Tahoe. A major slide imaged in FLL CHIRP data is slightly younger than the Tsoyowata ash (7950-7730 cal yrs BP) identified in sediment cores and appears synchronous with a major Lake Tahoe slide deposit (7890-7190 cal yrs BP). The equivalent age of these slides suggests the penultimate earthquake on the WTDPF may have triggered them. If correct, we postulate a recurrence interval of ~3-4 k.y. These results suggest the FLL segment of the WTDPF is near its seismic recurrence cycle. Additionally, CHIRP profiles acquired in Cascade Lake image the WTDPF for the first time in this sub-basin, which is located near the transition zone between the FLL and Rubicon Point Sections of the WTDPF. We observe two fault-strands trending N45°W across southern Cascade Lake for ~450 m. The strands produce scarps of ~5 m and ~2.7 m, respectively, on the lake

  16. Department of Education's Student Loan Programs: Are Tax Dollars at Risk? Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

    This hearing was held to consider whether the student loan programs of the Department of Education place tax dollars at risk. In his opening remarks, Representative John L. Mica (Florida) pointed out that for nearly 10 years, the U.S. General Accounting Office has labeled these programs as a high risk for fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement. In…

  17. Performance as Promised: How the Chandra X-ray Observatory Accomplished One of Nasa's Most Challenging Missions for Billions of Dollars Less than Originally Planned

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davidson, Greg; Hefner, Keith

    2004-01-01

    As the nation looks toward bold new ventures in space, the Chandra X-ray Observatory program offers an example of how billion-dollar missions can be successfully developed within tightening fiscal constraints. Chandra experienced many of challenges facing bold space programs (state-of-the-art technical requirements and budget-induced slips and restructurings), and yet the Chandra team achieved nearly all the originally envisioned performance for dramatically lower cost. This was accomplished by a combination of team- work, systems engineering, advanced technology insertion, and effective approaches for program implementation. A thorough tradeoff of science utility vs. cost led to the selection of a highly elliptical orbit with uncrewed robotic delivery, deployment, and maintenance. Progressive, focused technology demonstrations were accomplished prior to commitment of major resources to critical elements of the system design, such as the high resolution mirror assembly (HRMA). Pathfinder hardware was developed to reduce risks. A variety of schedule risk reduction measures were implemented and resulted in the X-ray calibration taking place exactly within five days of its originally planned date after after five years of development. The team worked together in an effective manner to contain requirements creep. reductions such as the ACIS-2 chip device. It is estimated that the above combination of measures achieved the avoidance of over $4B in costs, while enabling a highly successful mission.

  18. Instructional Supervision: Dollars and Sense

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krajewski, Robert J.

    1977-01-01

    Definitions of supervision and instructional supervision are provided, along with financial and educational rationale for better quality-control of public education through the development and maintenance of an effective instructional improvement program. A suggested supervisory model is described. (MJB)

  19. New Material Saves School Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Business Affairs, 1984

    1984-01-01

    Hobbs Window Insulation, an inexpensive polyester material, can reduce heat loss or gain through single-pane glass by 70 percent. The product is translucent, has an insulative value of R-3, and is easy to install and remove. (MCG)

  20. Good Sense With Our Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Sarah

    A booklet for limited English speakers on money management provides information on savings accounts, checking accounts, choosing a bank, and the basics of budgeting. Cartoons, questions about the message in cartoons and narrative passages, checklists on things to consider, and the phonetic pronunciation of key words are presented. Specific topics…

  1. Your Food Dollar. Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on food buying power, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook offers information on developing a shopping list, deciding where to shop, selecting the best buys, and reading food labels. Section 1 on…

  2. School Site Decisions and Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grube, Karl W.

    Three papers, each with an extensive bibliography, advance arguments concerning (1) the school site as a public land resource, (2) school board policy as related to economic alternatives for open space school site planning, and (3) the establishment of outdoor classrooms on school sites as public policy. In the first paper, the author contends…

  3. Mining Surveillance and Maintenance Dollars

    SciTech Connect

    MARTINEZ, R.

    2000-02-01

    Accelerating site cleanup to reduce facility risks to the workers, the public and the environment during a time of declining federal budgets represents a significant technical and economic challenge to U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Operations Offices and their respective contractors. A significant portion of a facility's recurring annual expenses are associated with routine, long-term surveillance and maintenance (S&M) activities. However, ongoing S&M activities do nothing to reduce risks and basically spend money that could be reallocated towards facility deactivation. This paper discusses the background around DOE efforts to reduce surveillance and maintenance costs, one approach used to perform cost reviews, lessons learned from field implementation and what assistance is available to assist DOE sites in performing these evaluations.

  4. Your Insurance Dollar. Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This booklet provides some practical guidelines for determining total insurance needs, examining options, and comparing costs. It discusses how to fit insurance costs into an overall financial plan, the necessity of adequate liability coverage, and the importance of keeping policies up to date. The next four sections highlight the basic types of…

  5. Your Travel Dollar. Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This illustrated guide was designed to familiarize consumers with planning a vacation trip, whether domestic or abroad. The guide covers setting up a budget; package tours; cruises and charter flights; travel agencies and clubs; and arranging stays in hotels/motels, rental condominiums, bed-and-breakfasts, hostels, campsites, and private…

  6. Turning biodefense dollars into products.

    PubMed

    Trull, Melanie C; du Laney, Tracey V; Dibner, Mark D

    2007-02-01

    Five years after the US anthrax attacks, and more than two years after BioShield legislation was ratified, a survey reveals that biodefense funding has thus far produced only a handful of products for clinical development. PMID:17287749

  7. Should Tax Dollars Subsidize Bigotry?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doerr, Edd; Menendez, Albert J.

    1992-01-01

    If educational voucher plans become reality, U.S. taxpayers will find themselves supporting indoctrination and bigotry in at least some parochial school classrooms. The Catholic Church, the Episcopal Church, Quakers, Mormons, many great U.S. writers, African Americans, Native Americans, and the United Nations are disparaged or found to be…

  8. A method for examining the geospatial distribution of CO2 storage resources applied to the Pre-Punta Gorda Composite and Dollar Bay reservoirs of the South Florida Basin, U.S.A

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Roberts-Ashby, Tina; Brandon N. Ashby

    2016-01-01

    This paper demonstrates geospatial modification of the USGS methodology for assessing geologic CO2 storage resources, and was applied to the Pre-Punta Gorda Composite and Dollar Bay reservoirs of the South Florida Basin. The study provides detailed evaluation of porous intervals within these reservoirs and utilizes GIS to evaluate the potential spatial distribution of reservoir parameters and volume of CO2 that can be stored. This study also shows that incorporating spatial variation of parameters using detailed and robust datasets may improve estimates of storage resources when compared to applying uniform values across the study area derived from small datasets, like many assessment methodologies. Geospatially derived estimates of storage resources presented here (Pre-Punta Gorda Composite = 105,570 MtCO2; Dollar Bay = 24,760 MtCO2) were greater than previous assessments, which was largely attributed to the fact that detailed evaluation of these reservoirs resulted in higher estimates of porosity and net-porous thickness, and areas of high porosity and thick net-porous intervals were incorporated into the model, likely increasing the calculated volume of storage space available for CO2 sequestration. The geospatial method for evaluating CO2 storage resources also provides the ability to identify areas that potentially contain higher volumes of storage resources, as well as areas that might be less favorable.

  9. Head Start: Ensuring Dollars Benefit the Children. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education and Early Childhood Development of the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, United States Senate, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session (April 5, 2005). Senate Hearing 109-119

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Senate, 2005

    2005-01-01

    In his opening statement, Senator Lamar Alexander (R-TN), chairman, Subcommittee on Education and Early Childhood Development, stated that one responsibility of Congress is to ensure that taxpayer dollars are being spent for the purposes intended and for the children intended. Between January 2003 and the first months of this year, there were…

  10. Title I Dollars Support Community Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearson, Sarah S.; Blank, Martin J.

    2010-01-01

    Title I funds are available to districts and schools with high numbers or percentages of disadvantaged students to provide services, including academic enrichment services through Title I, Part A, so all the nation's children have an equal opportunity to education and can reach proficiency on state academic achievement standards and assessments.…

  11. Save Energy, Save Dollars. Information Bulletin 125.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Coll. of Human Ecology at Cornell Univ.

    This cooperative extension publication from Cornell University is a guide for energy conservation in homes, apartments, and transportation. Written in non-technical language, this guide provides the layperson with information about weatherization, home appliance use, recreation and transportation practices to conserve energy and, thus, save money.…

  12. Leveraging Mental Health Dollars into Your District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilkenny, Robert; Katz, Nechama; Baron, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    By addressing common reasons that schools and mental health partners often cannot sustain sufficient school-based mental health services, Connecting With Care (CWC)--a mental health collaboration that places full-time clinicians in schools in Boston's most under-served urban neighborhood--is demonstrating how schools and districts can leverage…

  13. Informed Purchasing Can Stretch Short Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, John B.; Miller, Kathryn Madera

    1979-01-01

    Provides purchasing tips for programs on a tight budget. Topics include writing specifications for the merchandise needed, finding and developing sources (vendors), receiving and analyzing bids, writing purchase orders, and receiving merchandise. (CM)

  14. Sustainable business makes dollars and sense.

    PubMed Central

    Fields, Scott

    2002-01-01

    The last decade has marked a radical change in the business of sustainability, say environmental activists and industrialists alike. On the wane are "greenwashing" campaigns in which corporations promote dubious environmental accomplishments to draw attention away from environmentally damaging practices. On the rise are corporate investments in sustainability programs, new types of environmental markets, and public demand for green products and investments. Once an afterthought, an annoyance, or a nonentity, sustainability is now often a focal point for businesses. No longer thought of as a business cost, environmentally benign practices are now viewed as a competitive advantage as companies seek to win both stockholders and customers. PMID:11882490

  15. Saving Educational Dollars through Quality Objectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alvir, Howard P.

    This document is a collection of working papers written to meet the specific needs of teachers who are starting to think about and write performance objectives. It emphasizes qualitative objectives as opposed to quantitative classroom goals. The author describes quality objectives as marked by their clarity, accessibility, accountability, and…

  16. End-Users: Dollars but Doubts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Stephen E.

    1989-01-01

    Identifies existing categories of end users of online information retrieval systems, discusses problems that have been encountered by information providers and customers, and suggests strategies for capturing new end-user markets. Issues discussed include user cordial interfaces, CD-ROM products, ethics involved in information provision, and…

  17. Making Sense of Dollars and Cents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorenson, Richard

    2010-01-01

    Principals must devote a vast amount of time and energy to campus funding and budgetary issues because budgeting and accounting procedures are an integral part of an effective instructional program. In fact, a principal's role in the budgetary process significantly impacts both budget development and instructional planning. Principals who fail to…

  18. Your Recreation Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on recreation, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook suggests ways to plan recreation expenses for special activities, equipment, and vacation travel. Section 1 looks at the need for recreation…

  19. Team B: The trillion dollar experiment

    SciTech Connect

    Cahn, A.H.; Prados, J.

    1993-04-01

    Team B was an experiment in competetive threat assessments approved by the director of the CIA at that time, George Bush. Teams of experts were to make independent assessments of highly classified data used by the intelligence community to assess Soviet strategic forces in the yearly National Intelligence Estimates. In this article, two experts report on how a group of Cold War outside experts were invited to second-guess the policies of the CIA. The question explored here is whether or not these outside experts of the 1970s contributed to the military buildup of the 1980s.

  20. Contaminant hydrogeology — Dollars and sense

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schwartz, Franklin W.

    1988-07-01

    The unprecedented growth in contaminant-related aspects of hydrogeology has left an amazing legacy of science and technology. The stimulus for this growth in the United States was a group of regulations designed to clean up existing problems involving hazardous wastes and eliminate future problems. At the same time, there has been a continuing effort in developing subsurface repositories for the disposal of high-level nuclear waste. There have been impressive technological achievements in direct and indirect methods for plume definition, new techniques for site remediation, and measurement of hydraulic parameters for low-permeability rock at great depths. Achievements on the theoretical side of the science are no less impressive. Great strides have been made in understanding some old transport processes (e.g., dispersion) and describing new ones (e.g., diffusion into the matrix), verifying these theoretical ideas in field tests, and dealing with an old nemesis — fractured rocks. Sprinkled in this mix are some disappointments, the great difficulty that seems to exist in translating theory into practice, the apparent difficulty in technology transfer. and the aimlessness of too much of our theoretical work. Trends for the future that seem to be emerging include a return to field and experimental work, a more systematic look at problems, an increased reliance on computer technology, and the demise of "blue-sky research".

  1. Million Dollar Busing: Saving Money through Privatization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crates, Cheryl

    2009-01-01

    The economic crisis has had--and will continue to have--a dramatic effect on tax revenue and education spending throughout the United States and beyond. Yet children still show up for school every day in need of an education. In times like these, educators and school business managers must be as committed as ever to providing it. The economic…

  2. Stalking the Corporate and Foundation Dollar.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washburn, Susan L.

    1980-01-01

    The similarities and differences in methodology for seeking grants from both corporations and foundations are discussed. Knowing institutional needs, research, approaching prospects, proposals, corporate and foundation annual giving, kinds of gifts, local business support, and the follow-up are described. (Author/MLW)

  3. Shopping for Dollars? Try This List!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiGeronimo, Joseph

    1991-01-01

    A California school superintendent presents clever savings tips, including boosting average daily attendance, sparing new hires, bird dogging insurance interest, disposing of surplus school property, recruiting students attending nonpublic schools, creating more classroom space, contracting for part-time help, reducing vandalism, marketing staff…

  4. 5 Smart Investments for Your Tech Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demski, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    A downturn in the economic climate and an upturn in the technological climate might be higher education IT's "perfect storm." The confluence of budget cuts with the increased reliance on technology in almost all disciplines and administrative areas has put enormous pressure on campus IT leaders to pinpoint and fund tech services that achieve…

  5. Stretching Energy Dollars for Healthy Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angerame, Timothy

    2011-01-01

    When financial savings are critical to every institution, facility managers demand even more from their energy systems while looking to spend less. One way to achieve significant energy savings and healthy schools without making a substantial capital investment is through energy monitoring and chiller plant optimization. The greatest energy…

  6. NASA Science Problems Deeper Than Dollars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zielinski, Sarah

    2007-05-01

    With little increase in funding at NASA over the last few years and a presidential mandate to go to the Moon and Mars, NASA science has suffered as funds have been redirected to the manned space program. However, the agency could make better use of its existing science funds, according to several witnesses who testified on 2 May before the U.S. House of Representatives Science and Technology Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics.

  7. Stretching Your Tax Dollar in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Hugh B.

    If we are to reduce wastage in higher education, we must first understand, and then combat some practices found in educational institutions. Specifically, we must discourage: over-staffing, power politics, and statistical juggling. Each institution of higher learning, each community, each state, should examine objectively the possibilities of…

  8. School Districts Can Stretch the School Dollar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrilli, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    Many districts continue to face budget challenges of historic proportions. Decisions made in the coming months will carry significant repercussions for years to come. The path of least resistance is to slash budgets in ways that erode schooling. In this scenario, important reforms are left behind, overall services are diminished, innovations are…

  9. Your Shopping Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on shopping, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook tells how to plan spending, develop shopping skills, and handle consumer problems effectively. Section 1 on consumers and the economy overviews…

  10. BOTOX and our tax dollars at work

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This seminar is intended for Masters level graduate students in biology at the University of the Pacific. Topics of the seminar will include information on USDA-ARS research at the Albany location and general background on botulism and neurotoxin biology. In addition, the following FCR unit botulinu...

  11. Dollars & Sense: Students' Integer Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitacre, Ian; Bishop, Jessica Pierson; Philipp, Randolph A.; Lamb, Lisa L.; Schappelle, Bonnie P.

    2014-01-01

    A story problem about borrowing money, presented in this article, may be represented with positive or negative numbers and thought about in different ways. The authors describe ideas related to integers (both positive and negative) and how students used them in relation to a story problem, and how they related these ideas to equations.

  12. Uranium in Canada: A billion dollar industry

    SciTech Connect

    Ruzicka, V. )

    1989-12-01

    In 1988, Canada maintained its position as the world's leading producer of uranium with an output of more than 12,400 MT of uranium in concentrates, worth $1.1 billion Canadian. As domestic requirements represent only 15% of current Canadian production, most of the output was exported. With current implementation of the Canada/US Free Trade Agreement, the US has become Canada's major uranium export customer. With a large share of the world's known uranium resources, Canada remains the focus of international uranium exploration activity. In 1988, the uranium exploration expenditures in Canada exceeded $58 million Canadian. The principal exploration targets were deposits associated with Proterozoic unconformities in Saskatchewan and Northwest Territories, particularly those in the Athabasca and Thelon basin regions of the Canadian Shield. Major attention was also paid to polymetallic deposits in which uranium is associated with precious metals, such as gold and platinum group elements. Conceptual genetic models for these deposit types represent useful tools to guide exploration.

  13. Reducing Federal Energy Dollars Act of 2011

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Sen. Carper, Thomas R. [D-DE

    2011-05-12

    06/09/2011 Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Hearings held. Hearings printed: S.Hrg. 112-273. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  14. Cloud Network Helps Stretch IT Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Hilton

    2012-01-01

    No matter how many car washes or bake sales schools host to raise money, adding funds to their coffers is a recurring problem. This perpetual financial difficulty makes expansive technology purchases or changes seem like a pipe dream for school CIOs and has education technologists searching for ways to stretch money. In 2005, state K-12 school…

  15. Penny-Wise, Dollar-Foolish.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, C. W.

    1979-01-01

    A veteran energy author discusses the economic deterrents to energy-conservation design measures inherent in the present tax laws, and proposes a standard energy tax reduction as a potential solution. (Author)

  16. The High Cost of Saving Energy Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Patricia

    1985-01-01

    In alternative financing a private company provides the capital and expertise for improving school energy efficiency. Savings are split between the school system and the company. Options for municipal leasing, cost sharing, and shared savings are explained along with financial, procedural, and legal considerations. (MLF)

  17. End-Users: Dreams or Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Stephen E.

    1987-01-01

    Examines strategies for marketing online searching to new users, discusses reasons why people become online searchers, and presents data on the business information market. The pricing issue and special librarians as a market segment are also considered. (EM)

  18. Sustainable business makes dollars and sense.

    PubMed

    Fields, Scott

    2002-03-01

    The last decade has marked a radical change in the business of sustainability, say environmental activists and industrialists alike. On the wane are "greenwashing" campaigns in which corporations promote dubious environmental accomplishments to draw attention away from environmentally damaging practices. On the rise are corporate investments in sustainability programs, new types of environmental markets, and public demand for green products and investments. Once an afterthought, an annoyance, or a nonentity, sustainability is now often a focal point for businesses. No longer thought of as a business cost, environmentally benign practices are now viewed as a competitive advantage as companies seek to win both stockholders and customers. PMID:11882490

  19. Assigning Responsibilities: Where Do the Dollars Go?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Picus, Lawrence O.

    1997-01-01

    For any school-based-management model to succeed, the important functions of a school district's business office must be redesigned to shift authority and support for most fiscal decisions to school site. Some of the complexities of shifting the fiscal management to schools include technology, transportation, maintenance and operation, risk…

  20. Your Clothing Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on clothing, 1 in a series of 12 covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook gives wardrobe planning, buying, and care information. The first three sections consider the functions of clothing, the importance of…

  1. SQA on five dollars a day

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-09-01

    This report discusses the following topics: Software safety and reliability issues in safety-related systems; software use control assessment; Testing: Beyond theory; Software process improvement: Formalized unit testing; Software defect analysis for a nuclear weapons application; Function point analysis for estimation of software development schedules; SEI maturity in the Work for Other Program; SSEC SEI experiences; Planning for a Software Engineering Institute (SEI) assessment; Software process improvement, metrics; Software engineering technology plank: Building quality in; Software quality assurance at Y-12; Total quality and SQA at the Kansas City plant; The Software Technology Center at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory: Software engineering technology transfer in a scientific R&D laboratory; and Institutionalizing the information engineering environment: A practitioner`s perspective.

  2. Your Equipment Dollar, [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on household equipment, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook offers information to help buyers purchase household equipment that is within their budget. Section 1 discusses managing equipment…

  3. Demographics, Dollars and Difficulties in Graduate Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atkinson, Richard C.

    In a discussion of the crisis in graduate education in the sciences and engineering, focus is on factors that threaten American capability to produce world-class science in universities. While finances play a part, the causes are basically structural--the rigidity of university faculties, stemming from a significant expansion in tenured positions,…

  4. Your Housing Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on housing, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook shows how to determine housing needs and analyze housing costs, whether one rents, buys, or builds a home. The first five sections briefly…

  5. Your Housing Dollar. Money Management. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This booklet is designed to help individuals make housing decisions in an informed, rational manner. It is suitable for personal use by adults or for classroom use in junior high through adult home economics or consumer education classes. After helping the reader determine needs and wants and how much money is available for housing, the booklet…

  6. Stretch Your PC Dollars--Buy Clones.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    True, John

    1986-01-01

    Relates how the story of how San Francisco State University evaluated IBM PC look-alikes, considered some of the risks involved, and decided to purchase over 100 of them. Questions of compatibility, vendor longevity, support, and other risk management issues are discussed. (Author/MLW)

  7. Negotiating for clinical IT dollars: lessons learned.

    PubMed

    Collins, Patricia S

    2007-01-01

    Politically savvy nurse leaders develop negotiating and fact-based presentation skills. Referencing point-of-care medication administration systems and elimination of healthcare acquired infections as sample initiatives, this article shares concepts for successful presentations to approval boards that select and approve IT projects. Demonstrating diligence in developing realistic cost models and metrics for clinical patient quality improvement projects enables the nurse leader to gain the momentum needed to keep the clinical project positioned as a priority for budget approval. PMID:17909429

  8. Custodial Training Makes Sense and Saves Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petersen, David

    2002-01-01

    Explains that due to the complexity of today's custodial work, extensive education and training is required. This includes basic commercial/industrial cleaning techniques; hygiene procedures; asbestos awareness; management, scheduling, and budgeting; chemical usage; and calculating operations efficiency. Details the in-depth custodial training of…

  9. How Military Personnel Can Stretch Their Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forrest, Ernest E., Jr.

    The paper deals with the need for personal finance training in the service. Through the media of a survey conducted at the USAWC and CGSC, it was determined that personal finance training was highly desired by respondents, that the median knowledge level of personal finance subjects was very low, and that most of the respondents could improve…

  10. Isn't It Time to Turn Insurance Dollars Into Instructional Dollars?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Richard, Jr.

    1976-01-01

    Discusses the financial advantages of insuring school property through nonprofit state insurance programs, rather than through commercial insurance companies. Summarizes experiences with existing state insurance programs in the states of South Carolina, North Dakota, Alabama, North Carolina, and Wisconsin. (JG)

  11. Scientists warn of 'trillion-dollar' spent-fuel risk

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gwynne, Peter

    2016-07-01

    A study by two Princeton University physicists suggests that a major fire in the spent nuclear fuel stored on the sites of US nuclear reactors could “dwarf the horrific consequences of the Fukushima accident”.

  12. Excellent amino acid racemization results from Holocene sand dollars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kosnik, M.; Kaufman, D. S.; Kowalewski, M.; Whitacre, K.

    2015-12-01

    Amino acid racemization (AAR) is widely used as a cost-effective method to date molluscs in time-averaging and taphonomic studies, but it has not been attempted for echinoderms despite their paleobiological importance. Here we demonstrate the feasibility of AAR geochronology in Holocene aged Peronella peronii (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) collected from Sydney Harbour (Australia). Using standard HPLC methods we determined the extent of AAR in 74 Peronella tests and performed replicate analyses on 18 tests. We sampled multiple areas of two individuals and identified the outer edge as a good sampling location. Multiple replicate analyses from the outer edge of 18 tests spanning the observed range of D/Ls yielded median coefficients of variation < 4% for Asp, Phe, Ala, and Glu D/L values, which overlaps with the analytical precision. Correlations between D/L values across 155 HPLC injections sampled from 74 individuals are also very high (pearson r2 > 0.95) for these four amino acids. The ages of 11 individuals spanning the observed range of D/L values were determined using 14C analyses, and Bayesian model averaging was used to determine the best AAR age model. The averaged age model was mainly composed of time-dependent reaction kinetics models (TDK, 71%) based on phenylalanine (Phe, 94%). Modelled ages ranged from 14 to 5539 yrs, and the median 95% confidence interval for the 74 analysed individuals is ±28% of the modelled age. In comparison, the median 95% confidence interval for the 11 calibrated 14C ages was ±9% of the median age estimate. Overall Peronella yields exceptionally high-quality AAR D/L values and appears to be an excellent substrate for AAR geochronology. This work opens the way for time-averaging and taphonomic studies of echinoderms similar to those in molluscs.

  13. Raspberry Pi: a 35-dollar device for viewing DICOM images.

    PubMed

    Paiva, Omir Antunes; Moreira, Renata de Oliveira

    2014-01-01

    Raspberry Pi is a low-cost computer created with educational purposes. It uses Linux and, most of times, freeware applications, particularly a software for viewing DICOM images. With an external monitor, the supported resolution (1920 × 1200 pixels) allows for the set up of simple viewing workstations at a reduced cost. PMID:25741057

  14. When Diversity and Dollars Collide: Challenges for Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marcy, Mary B.

    2004-01-01

    The challenges of meeting the needs of diverse students have long been recognized in higher education. As many institutions wrestle with austere budgets, however, diversity programs are struggling to maintain their effectiveness amidst financial rescissions. This climate of austerity coincides with demographic predictions for an increasingly…

  15. Look beyond the Obvious Energy Savers to Conserve School Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisniewski, Adrian T.

    1985-01-01

    Describes a Milwaukee, Wisconsin, school system's energy conservation project that insulated utility tunnels and pipes in two schools. Energy savings will pay back the insulation cost in less than two years. (MD)

  16. Lesson Plans Are Being Reworked To Stretch Construction Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Debra K.; Rosta, Paul; Gonchar, Joann; Illia, Tony

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the search by school systems and construction professionals for new efficiencies in the face of economic pressures. Some are shrinking or stretching out construction programs and demanding better economies. Others are seeking new financial partners and non-traditional funding methods, or deciding that creating new school space does not…

  17. Scholars, Dollars, and Public Policy: New Frontiers in Corporate Giving.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lefever, Ernest W.; And Others

    Financial contributions by American corporations that are designed to influence domestic or foreign policies are discussed. After identifying ways that business corporations can influence either general policy or particular decisions, a brief history of corporate philanthrophy in the United States and financial support for public policy purposes…

  18. SQUID use for Geophysics: finding billions of dollars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foley, Catherine

    2014-03-01

    Soon after their discovery, Jim Zimmerman saw the potential of using Superconducting Quantum Interference Devices, SQUIDs, for the study of Geophysics and undertook experiments to understand the magnetic phenomena of the Earth. However his early experiments were not successful. Nevertheless up to the early 1980's, some research effort in the use of SQUIDs for geophysics continued and many ideas of how you could use SQUIDs evolved. Their use was not adopted by the mining industry at that time for a range of reasons. The discovery of high temperature superconductors started a reinvigoration in the interest to use SQUIDs for mineral exploration. Several groups around the world worked with mining companies to develop both liquid helium and nitrogen cooled systems. The realisation of the achievable sensitivity that contributed to successful mineral discoveries and delineation led to real financial returns for miners. By the mid 2000's, SQUID systems for geophysics were finally being offered for sale by several start-up companies. This talk will tell the story of SQUID use in geophysics. It will start with the early work of the SQUID pioneers including that of Jim Zimmerman and John Clarke and will also cover the development since the early 1990's up to today of a number of magnetometers and gradiometers that have been successfully commercialised and used to create significant impact in the global resources industry. The talk will also cover some of the critical technical challenges that had to be overcome to succeed. It will focus mostly on magnetically unshielded systems used in the field although some laboratory-based systems will be discussed.

  19. Dollars and Sense: Catholic High Schools and Their Finances 1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guerra, Michael J.

    This report describes trends in Catholic high schools over the past 10 years. Data were derived from a survey of 500 Catholic secondary schools. A total of 293 questionnaires were returned, a 59 percent response rate. In addition to monitoring changes in income and expenses, tuition, and salaries, the report provides an analysis of information…

  20. The Million Dollar Bowl. OSHA in the Office.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swartz, Carl

    Accidents to office workers add up to 40,000 injuries and more than 200 deaths a year, amounting to expenses from medical assistance and loss of productivity of $100 million. Leading types of accidents are falling caused by slipping on slick or wet floors, tripping over file drawers, slipping on debris on stairs, injuries from poor lighting,…

  1. Dollars from Sense: The Economic Benefits of Renewable Energy

    DOE R&D Accomplishments Database

    1997-09-01

    This document illustrates direct economic benefits, including job creation, of renewable energy technologies. Examples of electricity generation from biomass, wind power, photovoltaics, solar thermal energy, and geothermal energy are given, with emphasis on the impact of individual projects on the state and local community. Employment numbers at existing facilities are provided, including total national employment for each renewable industry where available. Renewable energy technologies offer economic advantages because they are more labor-intensive than conventional generation technologies, and they use primarily indigenous resources.

  2. A Dollar-wise Guide to Global Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, William R.

    1990-01-01

    Illustrates a method to introduce students to foreign countries and cultures by having students choose a country in which they would like to live and give a class presentation about it. As a result, students become resource persons, research skills are refined, cross-cultural information reservoir is created, and history and geography become real.…

  3. The MET Project: The Wrong 45 Million Dollar Question

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabriel, Rachael; Allington, Richard

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation funded the investigation of a $45 million question: How can we identify and develop effective teaching? Now that the findings from their Measures of Effective Teaching (MET) project have been released, it's clear they asked a simpler question, namely, What other measures match up well with value-added…

  4. Dollars and sense: Mitigating budget risk for ICD-10.

    PubMed

    Newell, Lucy Mancini; DeSilva, Joseph J

    2013-02-01

    The extended deadline for ICD-10 implementation is time that should not be wasted. Healthcare leaders should keep three things in mind: CFOs should approach the effort knowing the costs of ICD-10 implementation will be high and spread over multiple budget years. Training, productivity, and contractual issues are among key areas that will be challenged by ICD-10 implementation. Healthcare finance leaders should work to improve cash-on-hand and cash reserves prior to the ICD-10 deadline to ensure liquidity post-compliance. PMID:23413673

  5. How You Can Obtain Dollars for Needed Shop Facilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levenson, Harold E.

    1976-01-01

    Tells where to get more information and application forms for grants and how to write proposals to obtain aid in expanding or building school shop facilities. Useful tips which may enable educators to obtain funding are also offered. (HD)

  6. Save Energy Dollars with DOE Operations and Maintenance Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appel, Margo

    2010-01-01

    At budget-crunching time, school administrators and business officials sometimes find themselves trimming the district's budget for teachers, textbooks, and technology in order to cover ballooning energy costs. Nearly one-third of the energy consumed in the average U.S. school is wasted. The country's least efficient schools use four times more…

  7. Risk Management: Getting the Most for Your Insurance Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abramson, Paul

    1973-01-01

    Analyze what insurance is intended to do by going through the risk management process: identify exposures to loss, measure their financial impact on the institution, rationalize the means of controlling exposures, prevent loss, and set up a program to minimize the impact of loss through insurance or other means. (Author)

  8. On the political economy of risk: farmworkers, pesticides, and dollars.

    PubMed

    Strigini, P

    1982-01-01

    The rapid industrialization of world agriculture has been one of the most eventful social and economic transformations taking place in the second half of the 20th century. Today two agricultures coexist in most countries: capital-intensive agri-business and labor-intensive subsistence farming. In the U.S., the former exploits largely nonwhite immigrant labor and the latter female unpaid labor, surviving as a "second job.' The striking increase of production in industrial agriculture has been accompanied by uneven and irrational development and by a tragic upsurge of mechanical accidents and chemical hazards. Current pesticide use poses a threat to workers and their families, the general public, the environment, and future generations. Acute risks begin to be known largely through farmworkers' exposure, while chronic risks are often inferred from experimental studies but generally are disregarded. Because of industry's historic neglect of health and environmental hazards, regulation has evolved under pressure from workers and citizens. Regulation is at present the best tool available to shape technological development according to society's needs and goals. Its basic requirements are information, reorientation of public resources, and democratic control. A major obstacle to its implementation is the inequitable social distribution of risks and benefits, within and among nations. PMID:7085148

  9. A Rural Retirement Community's Attitudes toward Allocation of Tax Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tripple, Patricia A.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Surveys extent to which policymakers, practitioners, and retirees anticipate need for increased support services for aging population. Suggests policymakers and practitioners recognize that additional tax revenue and allocation will help obtain additional services. Calls for balance between desire for services and willingness to pay for them.…

  10. BARLEY DISEASES, GENETICS, AND GENOTYPING: FOR A FEW DOLLARS MORE

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A brief overview of the barley-related research programs within the Cereal Crops Research Unit will be presented, followed by a brief overview of plans and progress in establishing an ARS Genotyping Laboratory. Topics covered will include research on virus diseases of barley, particularly research ...

  11. Formative Assessment Grants: How to Tap into New Federal Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Love, Paula

    2007-01-01

    Legislators are now drawing on information from online program assessment rating tools to determine funding allocations for government programs. Clearly, assessment is now a critical factor in education programs and the grants that support these programs. In this article, the author provides some key elements that an institution can implement to…

  12. Big Dollar Steam Savings Achieved at Duke's Laundry Facility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedman, Bob; Black, Jerry

    1999-01-01

    Examines how Duke University facility management, faced with a triple-fold increase in steam use in its medical center laundry, made improvements that resulted in a three-month payback. Removing the flash tank from the condensate, repiping of the condensate system, and installing of a steam-metering system are discussed. (GR)

  13. Dollars and sense: the financial impact of Canadian wellness initiatives†.

    PubMed

    Wilkin, Christa L; Connelly, Catherine E

    2015-09-01

    The popular press reports anecdotal benefits of organizational initiatives that are designed to improve employees' work-life balance and wellness, but the long-term impact of these initiatives on firms' financial performance is unknown. Our longitudinal study of publicly traded Canadian organizations uses the strategic human resources management framework to explain why these initiatives may affect their financial performance. We use an exploratory factor analysis of three waves of archival data to identify two types of initiatives and regression to measure their impact on return on assets (ROA). Our findings suggest that, after 2 years, health promotion initiatives significantly decreased ROA, while work-life balance initiatives significantly increased it. Both effects became non-significant over the longer term. PMID:24107719

  14. Resources: The Dollars and Sense of Comprehensive Professional Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odden, Allan

    2011-01-01

    Very little of the professional development literature identifies its costs. Many say good professional development is expensive, but what is meant by expensive, and if so, expensive relative to what? This article shows that effective professional development is not expensive relative to overall spending and that its key elements and their costs…

  15. Dollars and Sense: How School Boards Save Money.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canadian Education Association, Toronto (Ontario).

    This report analyzes survey data results of innovative ways Canadian school boards have cut costs in the last several years. In 1985, 213 questionnnaires were sent to school boards throughout the country; the 100 answers represent a response rate of 47 percent. Questions surveyed the areas of policy and planning, purchasing, sharing, human…

  16. Adult Education in Action: Saving Dollars by Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Allen B.; And Others

    1979-01-01

    Describes the energy conservation management communication network in the Northeast Georgia Area Planning and Development Commission, a ten-county regional planning agency. The authors state that the use of local citizens and community leaders in the energy conservation planning and program activities demonstrates adult education in action. (MF)

  17. The dollars and sense of selecting abrasion-resistant materials

    SciTech Connect

    Jackson, D.

    1988-05-01

    Sliding abrasion and impact damage affect mine and plant operating costs on a month-to-month, or, in some cases, day-to-day basis. Modern technology has given us the tools necessary to fight abrasion on every front - materials and techniques that are cost-effective, long-lasting, and easy to use. An inspection of abrasion-resistant materials and processes - metals; ceramics; sprayable and trowelable compounds; polyethylene; urethane; rubber; epoxy - may well provide information that could help improve your company's balance sheet. The following is a compilation of product releases, literature, and manuals offered by manufacturers of abrasion-resistant materials.

  18. Raspberry Pi: a 35-dollar device for viewing DICOM images*

    PubMed Central

    Paiva, Omir Antunes; Moreira, Renata de Oliveira

    2014-01-01

    Raspberry Pi is a low-cost computer created with educational purposes. It uses Linux and, most of times, freeware applications, particularly a software for viewing DICOM images. With an external monitor, the supported resolution (1920 × 1200 pixels) allows for the set up of simple viewing workstations at a reduced cost. PMID:25741057

  19. Tapping into a Billion Dollar Resource, SBIR/STTR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mexcur, Paul; Kalshoven, James

    2002-10-01

    This presentation provides an overview of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs as implemented by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). These programs, as mandated by Congress, provide an opportunity for small, high technology companies and research institutions to participate in Government sponsored research and development (R&D) efforts in key technology areas. This presentation describes the background and operation of these two programs and discusses what factors a business should consider in making the decision to participate.

  20. Competing for School Improvement Dollars: State Grant-Making Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lazarin, Melissa

    2012-01-01

    In 2009 the Obama administration announced a focused commitment to turn around 5,000 of the United States' chronically lowest-performing public schools as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). This commitment came with $3 billion in funding for the School Improvement Grant program, or SIG, along with new guidelines to ensure…

  1. How to fabricate robust microfluidic systems for a dollar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lapierre, Florian; Cameron, Neil R.; Oakeshott, John; Peat, Thomas; Zhu, Yonggang

    2013-12-01

    Since the past decade, the interest towards microfluidic devices has sensibly grown due to the wide variety of multidisciplinary applications. One branch of the microfluidic domain consists in the synthesis of various types of emulsions requested by cosmetic, food and biotechnological industries In particular, monodisperse water-in-oil microemulsion synthetised in microfluidic devices are quickly becoming the new generation of emulsions for precise bead control and high surface area. These microemulsions are generally aqueous bioreactors in the form of droplets from 500 nm to 10 μm in diameter, enclosed in an oil environment. An increasing demand for bigger emulsions has led us to investigate new techniques for fabricating fluidic devices allowing a better control over the final size of the droplets. An easy, cheap, reproducible and fast technology for generating emulsions in the range of 100s μm with high throughout (up to mL/h) is reported. Simply using pipette tips and tubing, an innovative microfluidic device was fabricated, able to synthetise water-in-oil emulsions within the range 50 - 500 _μm and double emulsions. These new emulsions are currently used for the synthesis of highly porous polymers beads from High Internal Phase Emulsion (HIPE). These beads will find high potential in 3D cell culture due to their high porosity (up to 90%) and pore size (from 5 to 30μm).

  2. Digging up Classroom Dollars on DonorsChoose

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curriculum Review, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Back in 2000, Charles Best was teaching at Wings Academy, an alternative high school in the Bronx, when he got the idea for a Web site where teachers could solicit donations for class projects. With help from his students, DonorsChoose.org soon was born. Last year, the site won Amazon.com's Nonprofit Innovation Award. So far, DonorsChoose has…

  3. Single Concept Videotapes Which Streamline Learning While Saving Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Jack; Utz, Peter

    The Single Concept Introductory Mathematics Project (SCIMP) offered an individualized, self-paced, media-oriented approach to remedial algebra at the community college level. Seventy-one behavioral objectives were identified and videotapes and worksheets prepared for each; mini-tests were given after each lesson and a final exam administered at…

  4. Corporate Training Delivery: Dollars and Sense. Unconventional Wisdom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Workforce Economics, 2001

    2001-01-01

    With accelerating technology in the workplace, worker training has become a key component of almost every corporation's long-range strategic plan. Almost all companies provide some form of training in computer operations to new and existing employees, and more than 90 percent of companies also provided a range of management, leadership, and…

  5. Conducting a Survey: The Dollars and Sense of It.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boser, Judith A.

    This paper helps researchers develop criteria for conducting surveys. Cost considerations frame the paper's suggestions. Specifically, the text advises that researchers consider the human and material resources needed, type of survey instrument, medium for conducting the survey (mail, telephone, personal interview, etc.), data analysis…

  6. Making Instructional Resource Sense Out of Government Policy Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dorr-Bremme, Don; And Others

    The future of instructional research, at least in the present economic climate, is indistinct. This report considers the option of combining within a single study the needs of policy makers and the commitment to academic research. The papers in this report, through illustration of research conducted within a policy framework, identify problems…

  7. Put a Dollar Value on Your Training Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheppeck, Michael A.; Cohen, Stephen L.

    1985-01-01

    Various types of human resource accounting systems are described and analyzed: asset models, expense models, the utility formula, cost/benefit analysis, and a comprehensive program design. Steps in this last design (e.g., review all jobs in the organization, analyze training needs for targeted jobs, determine training programs that have the…

  8. Your Savings and Investment Dollar. Money Management. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This booklet, written with the beginning investor in mind, will help readers set clear-cut financial goals and develop a savings and investment program for achieving them. It is suitable for personal use by adults or for classroom use in junior high through adult consumer education classes. The booklet provides information on a variety of savings…

  9. The Ultimate $uperpower: Supersized Dollars Drive "Waiting for "Superman"" Agenda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miner, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    For nearly 40 years, according to this author, "follow the money" has been an axiom in both journalism and politics--although, as Shakespeare might complain, one "more honour'd in the breach than the observance." It is useful to resurrect the axiom in analyzing the multimedia buzz and policy debates swirling around the movie "Waiting for…

  10. Congress Gives Colleges a Billion-Dollar Bonanza.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brainard, Jeffrey; Southwick, Ron

    2000-01-01

    Reports that Congress has earmarked a record amount of money (more than $1 billion) for projects involving specific colleges in the 2000 fiscal year. Notes that such "pork-barrel" spending has tripled since 1996. Charts show trends in earmarks since 1989, year 2000 earmarks by agency, the top 20 recipients of earmarked grants, and ranking of…

  11. How School Districts Can Stretch the School Dollar. Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrilli, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    While the economy may be turning around, local school districts nationwide continue to struggle mightily. The "new normal" of tougher budget times is here to stay for American K-12 education. So how can local officials cope? This policy brief provides a useful tool for navigating the financial challenges of the current school-funding climate,…

  12. Gambling with stimulus payments: feeding gaming machines with federal dollars.

    PubMed

    Lye, Jenny; Hirschberg, Joe

    2014-09-01

    In late 2008 and early 2009 the Australian Federal Government introduced a series of economic stimulus packages designed to maintain consumer spending in the early days of the Great Recession. When these packages were initiated the media suggested that the wide-spread availability of electronic gaming machines (EGMs, e.g. slot machines, poker machines, video lottery terminals) in Australia would result in stimulating the EGMs. Using state level monthly data we estimate that the stimulus packages led to an increase of 26 % in EGM revenues. This also resulted in over $60 million in additional tax revenue for State Governments. We also estimate a short-run aggregate income demand elasticity for EGMs to be approximately 2. PMID:23526051

  13. How Much Is That in Dollars?: Costly International Downsizing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renard, Monika; Tracy, Kay

    2011-01-01

    Economic downturns can lead companies doing business internationally to cut costs by reducing staff and/or closing subsidiaries. Efficiency in downsizing can put people and capital to their most effective use. This exercise educates students about country differences in labor termination practices, costs, legal requirements for downsizing, and…

  14. Making Education Dollars Work: Issue Briefs. Governors Education Symposium, 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    NGA Center for Best Practices, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The 2011 Governors Education Symposium, co-hosted by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and the Hunt Institute, focused on advancing education reform with limited resources, improving postsecondary completion and productivity, preparing career- and college-ready students and measuring and evaluating effective teaching.…

  15. Your Savings and Investment Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on savings and investment, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook shows how to develop a savings and investment program based on present and future needs and goals. Section 1 overviews savings and…

  16. Effective Systems To Cope with Increasing Demands and Decreasing Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferland, Raymond A.; DiMaria, Joseph P.

    As a solution to the problem of serving large numbers of students with a small staff, the Community College of Rhode Island (CCRI) has adopted three new technologies to advise and register students and respond to telephone inquiries. The first of the technological innovations is TELUS, a telephone voice response registration system offered as an…

  17. Innovations in Teaching Race and Class Inequality: "Bittersweet Candy" and "The Vanishing Dollar"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harlow, Roxanna

    2009-01-01

    Instructors teaching students about social inequality, especially sexism and racism, often face some degree of student resistance. Opposition is particularly strong when students are from a white, middle to upper class background. As Haddad and Lieberman (2002) remark, "Students from privileged backgrounds lack personal experience with structures…

  18. The Funding Gap: Low-Income and Minority Students Receive Fewer Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orlofsky, Greg F.

    This study investigated differences in per-pupil spending between districts with the greatest number of poor and minority students and those with the fewest poor and minority students. It analyzed a specially-constructed database containing demographic and finance data for over 15,000 school districts in 1999-00. The analysis included state and…

  19. Biologically Active Tetranorditerpenoids from Fungus Sclerotinia homoeocarpa Causal Agent of Dollar Spot in Turfgrass

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Nine new tetranorditerpenoid dilactones (2-10), together with four previously reported norditerpenoids dilactones (1, 11), and two known putative biosynthetic intermediates oidiolactone-E (12) and 13 were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of the culture medium of Sclerotinia homoeocarpa. Struc...

  20. Accountability "Light": Our Version Is Going the Way of the Dollar vs. the Euro

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adelman, Clifford

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses the creation, through what is known as the Bologna Process, of a European Higher Education Area within which the comparability of quality assurance and degree standards is intended to facilitate greater academic mobility. The Bologna Process is a huge undertaking. Its action lines include revising degree cycles, establishing…

  1. Saving Futures, Saving Dollars: The Impact of Education on Crime Reduction and Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeBaun, Bill; Roc, Martens

    2013-01-01

    The nation could save as much as $18.5 billion in annual crime costs if the high school male graduation rate increased by only 5 percentage points, a new report from the Alliance for Excellent Education finds. This report examines and builds upon research that links lower levels of educational attainment with higher rates of arrests and…

  2. Connecting Spending and Results: Tying Dollars Spent to National, Campus Goals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wellman, Jane

    2009-01-01

    As Americans near the end of the first decade of the new millennium, higher education in the United States is caught in a classic "good news/bad news" dilemma. The good news? Broad recognition of the importance of higher education to the country's future, along with larger federal funding increases than at any time in their history. The bad news?…

  3. Making the Most of Your Energy Dollars in Home Heating & Cooling. NBS Consumer Information Series 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Madeleine; Petersen, Stephen R.

    This pamphlet is a homeowner's guide to home weatherization. It provides a step-by-step energy audit that anyone can use to help determine the insulation needs of their home. This is not a "how-to-do-it" booklet, but is a guide by which homeowners can determine the best combination of improvements for their house, climate, and fuel costs. Provided…

  4. Initiatives for Containing the Cost of Higher Education. Stretching the Higher Education Dollar. Special Report 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massy, William F.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author offers a comprehensive reform agenda for policymakers interested in cost containment. Massy lays out a series of initiatives that, working in tandem, can promote the larger goal of compelling colleges to spend money wisely. Among the individual reforms Massy proposes are creating a national database of cost-containment…

  5. Reinvesting the IT Dollar: From IT Firefighting to Quality Strategic Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stern, Andrea

    2001-01-01

    Describes how organizations can become effective, efficient managers of the large maintenance part of their information technology budgets by using service management processes. Discusses the example of the University of Sydney Library's use of the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) set of service management practices. (EV)

  6. Impact of firm size on dollar amount of penalties assessed by government agencies

    SciTech Connect

    Lear-Nordby, K.

    1998-09-01

    Enforcement of federal environmental regulations typically results in administrative penalties against the firm found in violation. This project examines the effect of firm size-based penalty policies on regulatory compliance and EPA's enforcement resource allocation decisions. Analysis of results offers insights into optimal penalty theories and informational requirements needed to optimize EPA's enforcement policy. The empirical work also permits speculation on the causes of inefficient regulatory enforcement spending. Due to severe limitations on data quality, the project report best serves as a road map for future research on this subject.

  7. The Landslide Passage of a Seven Million Dollar School Bond Referendum in Rural Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greig, Richard D.

    This article describes a campaign for the passage of a 1989 bond referendum for the construction of two elementary schools in rural Lunenburg County, Virginia. The article, written from the perspective of a neophyte school superintendent, offers a demographic description of the county, describes various voter groups, and provides a chronology of…

  8. The Other Gap: Poor Students Receive Fewer Dollars. Education Trust Data Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Trust, Washington, DC.

    This analysis compares districts that educate the highest percentages of poor students with districts that educate the lowest percentages of poor students (it does not analyze the District of Columbia or Hawaii because each is served by a single school district). The study analyzed a specially constructed database containing demographic and…

  9. Restoring the Balance: Dollars, Values, and the Future of College Sports

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Almost 20 years ago, the Knight Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics released a landmark report about major college athletics. It criticized low athlete-graduation rates, questionable academic standards, and the increasing tendency of athletics programs to operate independently of university oversight. The trustees of the Knight Foundation…

  10. 26 CFR 1.985-3 - United States dollar approximate separate transactions method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... applied the rules under § 1.985-3 (as contained in the April 1, 1994 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1..., if applicable, § 1.985-5T, as contained in the April 1, 1993 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1..., as contained in the April 1, 1993 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1.1000)) applied in...

  11. I Don't Need a Million-Dollar Grant--$5,000 Will Do!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keast, Dan A.

    2011-01-01

    Music teachers often need to be creative in finding monies for programs that go beyond the basics and reach more students. Grant-writing skills can bring both funding and other types of donations to enhance music programs. Researching the funding sources, looking at successful proposals, carefully following directions, seeking the opinions of…

  12. Hands-On Physics for Less than a Dollar per Hand.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGervey, John D.

    1995-01-01

    Describes some inexpensive activities and demonstrations that illustrate basic concepts that are often overlooked, as a low-cost means to foster student participation in physics classes. Activities described deal with acceleration and forces, freefall, conservation of energy and momentum, conservation of angular momentum, and resonance. (JRH)

  13. Jobs, Dollars and Race From an Educator's Perspective: Urban Education in a Pluralistic Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, John W.

    That 1975 has ushered in a new and different way of thinking and reacting to public education at all levels as well as reflecting consumerism, confrontation, and conciliation is the main message of this paper. What follows is an attempt to place urban public schooling within the context of America, 1975. The short era of equal educational…

  14. 7 CFR 457.139 - Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... adjacent row of plants. Tropical depression. A system identified by the U.S. Weather Service as a tropical depression, and for the period of time so designated, including tropical storms, gales, and hurricanes. 2...; (2) Fire; (3) Freeze; (4) Hail; (5) Tornado; (6) Tropical depression; or (7) Failure of...

  15. Electronic Transfer: Moving Technology Dollars in New Directions--Technology Counts 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Virginia

    2005-01-01

    This article presents the special issues of the eighth edition of "Education Week's" annual report on education technology, "Technology Counts." The annual report tracks the economic and policy forces that are converging to push those changes, which are happening at the federal, state, and local levels. States and school districts are spending…

  16. 26 CFR 1.985-3 - United States dollar approximate separate transactions method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... § 1.985-3 (as contained in the April 1, 1994 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1.1000)) may amend its....985-5T, as contained in the April 1, 1993 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1.1000)) applied in..., as contained in the April 1, 1993 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1.1000)) applied in...

  17. Utilizing Medicaid Dollars To Finance Services to Illinois Citizens with Developmental Disabilities. A Technical Assistance Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gettings, Robert M.

    This report examines possible steps the State of Illinois might take to expand the availability of Medicaid support for services to persons with developmental disabilties. Stressed throughout are the importance of: (1) evaluating whether any given application of Medicaid funding is consistent with the State's goals for persons with developmental…

  18. America: The Trillion Dollar Lemonade Stand. Fundamentals of Free Enterprise, No. 1. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Fletcher National Bank and Trust Co., Indianapolis, IN.

    Designed for high school economics students as a public service project of the American Fletcher National Bank, the booklet examines the American free enterprise system as it relates to the traditional lemonade stand and its ability to make a profit. The parallel is made by considering some basic principles: (1) the constant need for capital to…

  19. Dollars, Dependency, and Divorce: Four Perspectives on the Role of Wives Income

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Stacy J.

    2004-01-01

    This article delineates and assesses the evidence for four perspectives that have guided previous research on the relationship between wives economic resources and marital stability. Hypotheses from these perspectives were tested using event history methods and 1980-1997 panel data for 1,704 individuals from the Marital Instability Over the Life…

  20. Awarding Dollars Based on Student Need: A Recommendation to Implement Weighted Student Funding in Georgia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Resource Strategies, 2014

    2014-01-01

    As the state of Georgia considers revising its K-12 funding formula, Education Resource Strategies (ERS) recommends the state implement a weighted student-funding formula (WSF) system in order to create resource use flexibility for districts and to remove the marginal inequity found in its current funding system. Additionally, such a change would…

  1. Making Your Purchasing Dollars Count--Mistakes To Avoid in Purchasing from Catalogs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neugebauer, Roger

    2002-01-01

    Describes common mistakes to be avoided by child care directors in early childhood catalog purchasing. Notes roadblocks to successful purchases, including failing to check out seller's reliability, comparing prices without including shipping costs or considering product quality, failing to anticipate needs, ordering from outdated catalogs, failing…

  2. Gifts of the Magi: "Chef," "Million Dollar Arm," and Cultural Mixtures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, Bernard

    2014-01-01

    When groups using different cultural systems encounter one another in diverse societies, their previous cultures are transformed into a merged, complex cultural picture. Some culture areas are preserved while others are adjusted, exchanged, and merged. In our society, introducing groups to the cooking of other groups is a form of contact which…

  3. Increasing Physical Activity in Nursing Home Residents Using Student Power, Not Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romack, Jennifer L.

    2004-01-01

    Nursing home programs committed to providing quality care need to investigate innovative ways to meet today's budget challenges. The purpose of this article is to describe a creative collaboration between a nonprofit nursing home facility and a suburban university. Through service-learning, undergraduate students planned and implemented…

  4. 76 FR 71271 - Common Crop Insurance Regulations; Fresh Market Tomato (Dollar Plan) Crop Provisions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-17

    ... Notice related to 7 CFR part 3015, subpart V, published at 48 FR 29115, June 24, 1983. Executive Order...)), peppers, eggplants, strawberries or tobacco have been grown and the soil was not fumigated or...

  5. Scholars and Dollars: Politics, Economics, and the Universities of Ontario, 1945-1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Axelrod, Paul

    The impact of economic changes on Canadian universities in Ontario since World War II is explored, with focus on how universities were perceived by the public, why they were supported during the period of expansion, how they set out to fulfill their prescribed functions, and how they were affected by the diminished opportunities and cooler…

  6. Financial Literacy Makes Dollars and Sense for Student Loan Borrowers and Lenders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilke, Alisa

    2013-01-01

    "American Student Assistance" has a unique window onto students during some very important milestones in their formative financial years. This nonprofit interacts with students from the time they're choosing a college, to applying for financial aid and loans, to starting a first job, getting that first apartment, making that dreaded…

  7. "English Is Like the Dollar": Hard Currency Ideology and the Status of English in Peru.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nino-Murcia, Mercedes

    2003-01-01

    Presents observations from an agro-pastoral village in the Andes, at the periphery of Lima and from an upper class shopping area and discusses attitudes toward the state-driven promotion of English. Results suggest that there is a belief that English competence is needed for technological advancement, employment opportunities, national progress,…

  8. Doves on the Roof or Twenty Thousand Dollars: The Transfer of Meaning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hannigan, Jane; Kies, Cosette

    1976-01-01

    Successful library programs depend on understanding the communication process. A schematic representation of information disseminstion could be used to resolve communication problems by eliminating confusing messages. Because communication can never be perfect, there is a need for a communication specialist to develop public relations with the…

  9. 77 FR 61475 - Price for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated Dollar Coin Set

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-09

    ... silver, the United States Mint is announcing a new price of $59.95 for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated... Native American $1 Coin and one American Eagle Silver Coin. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: B.B....

  10. Dollars and Sense: A Study of the Impact of School Reform on Urban High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salmon, Sabrina

    2012-01-01

    School leaders must determine the most efficient and effective means of complying with national, state, and local policies. Administrators determine methods to meet the needs of all stakeholders. School leaders in Oklahoma selected school improvement techniques to assist with improving student performance. This causal-comparative study addressed…

  11. Dollar Value of U. S. R&D Expenditures Overseas Declined in 1982.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science Resources Studies Highlights, 1983

    1983-01-01

    These highlights are based on mail responses to a National Science Foundation (NSF) inquiry to its Industrial Panel of Science and Technology, and interviews with other research and development (R&D) officials. Although it is not intended to be a statistically valid sample of R&D firms, NSF's Industrial Panel includes representatives from all…

  12. High-Stakes Hustle: Public Schools and the New Billion Dollar Accountability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baines, Lawrence A.; Stanley, Gregory Kent

    2004-01-01

    High-stakes testing costs up to $50 billion per annum, has no impact on student achievement, and has changed the focus of American public schools. This article analyzes the benefits and costs of the accountability movement, as well as discusses its roots in the eugenics movements of the early 20th century.

  13. Constructing a Self-Funded Program Takes More than Just Dollars and Cents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Scott

    2012-01-01

    With a little ingenuity and a lot of dedication, the author created a self-funded construction program that is weathering the ups and downs of school funding; it enjoys great support from the community, is accomplishing more with less, and collaborative efforts between teachers are paying off. Creating such a program takes time, vision,…

  14. Insufficient dollars and qualified personnel to meet United States mental health needs.

    PubMed

    Weil, Thomas P

    2015-04-01

    The American populace currently supports the need for providing additional mental health services for adolescents who frequently express anger and mood instability and maybe are at risk for major psychiatric disorders and behavioral problems; Vietnam, Iraqi, and Afghanistan veterans or military personnel still on duty diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, or other similar combat-related disabilities; the approximately 1 million prisoners currently incarcerated primarily because of substance abuse and needing medically related rehabilitative services; and senior citizens who experience dementia and depression and require improved therapeutics. The problems outlined herein are as follows: far too limited monies are being spent for mental health services (5.6% of total US expenditures for health or roughly one fifth of what is consumed for hospital care); effective therapies are often lacking; and there is a shortage of qualified mental health personnel except in upscale urban and suburban areas. Unfortunately, these problems are so immense that, even with enhanced prioritization of our available resources, they are still not entirely solvable. The American public may continue to impart lip service when attempting to respond to our nation's mental health needs or may decide to spend vastly more money for such care. The latter choice may not be forthcoming in the near future for various cultural-societal-clinical-fiscal reasons. PMID:25816044

  15. Helping Undergraduates Discover the Value of a Dollar through Self-Monitoring

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Lance; Bliss, Donna L.; Goetz, Joseph W.; Moorman, Diann

    2010-01-01

    Many college undergraduates lack basic financial management knowledge and skills while bearing ever increasing debt burdens upon graduation. In order to encourage students to become aware of their spending patterns and weigh those patterns against personal values, a self-monitoring project was implemented as a class activity. The resulting effect…

  16. The Fine Print: How Schools Can Get the Best Value for Their Printer Dollar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Careless, James

    2007-01-01

    Printers represent a big chunk of school districts' IT budgets. Unlike computers, however, most of the money schools spend on printers is not on the machines themselves but on keeping them serviced and filled with toner, drums, and paper. In this article, the author discusses five critical questions to ask before buying a printer.

  17. 77 FR 22467 - Common Crop Insurance Regulations; Fresh Market Tomato (Dollar Plan) Crop Provisions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-16

    ... administrative review process of good farming practices as applicable, must be exhausted before any action... 48 FR 29115, June 24, 1983. Executive Order 12988 This final rule has been reviewed in accordance... proposed rulemaking in the Federal Register at 76 FR 71271- 71276. The public was afforded 30 days...

  18. Managing Your Home's Energy Dollar: An Energy Management Workbook for the Homeowner.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Energy Information Associates, Inc., Littleton, CO.

    This workbook is intended to teach the homeowner some actions to be taken in the home to conserve energy and reduce energy-related costs. The workbook is arranged around five steps: (1) read utility meters, (2) study utility bills, (3) "tune-up" home energy systems, (4) make informed decisions about energy conservation products, and (5) compare…

  19. Using the Contingent Valuation Method for Dollar Valuations of Library Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hider, Philip

    2008-01-01

    An application of the contingent valuation method (CVM) for estimating the economic value of a regional public library service is described, and some of the key methodological issues surrounding CVM and other stated preference techniques are discussed with reference to library use and funding contexts. Given the range of valuations that can result…

  20. Dollar's Steep Decline Seen Limiting Overseas Activities by U.S. Academics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobson, Robert L.

    1987-01-01

    Declining involvement of American students and scholars overseas because of unstable currency exchange rates is causing concern at a time when American sophistication in international affairs is becoming more important to the nation's future. (MSE)

  1. Tight Budget Loosens Creativity: School Turns to Distance Learning to Stretch Development Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Sue

    2012-01-01

    During the 2010-2011 school year, McWhirter Elementary Professional Development Laboratory School in Webster, Texas, faced a significant reduction in funds available for professional learning. In this article, the author describes how videoconferencing sustained the school's professional learning initiatives on a shrinking budget. By rethinking…

  2. Recovery Act Investments in Broadband: Leveraging Federal Dollars to Create Jobs and Connect America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Executive Office of the President, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Broadband touches nearly every aspect of the U.S. economy, providing Americans with unprecedented opportunities in employment, education, health care, entrepreneurship, and civic participation. For millions of Americans without adequate access to broadband, however, the possibility of falling behind in the knowledge-based economy is real.…

  3. Getting more for their dollar: a comparison of the NHS with California's Kaiser Permanente

    PubMed Central

    Feachem, Richard G A; Sekhri, Neelam K; White, Karen L

    2002-01-01

    Objective To compare the costs and performance of the NHS with those of an integrated system for financing and delivery health services (Kaiser Permanente) in California. Methods The adjusted costs of the two systems and their performance were compared with respect to inputs, use, access to services, responsiveness, and limited quality indicators. Results The per capita costs of the two systems, adjusted for differences in benefits, special activities, population characteristics, and the cost environment, were similar to within 10%. Some aspects of performance differed. In particular, Kaiser members experience more comprehensive and convenient primary care services and much more rapid access to specialist services and hospital admissions. Age adjusted rates of use of acute hospital services in Kaiser were one third of those in the NHS. Conclusions The widely held beliefs that the NHS is efficient and that poor performance in certain areas is largely explained by underinvestment are not supported by this analysis. Kaiser achieved better performance at roughly the same cost as the NHS because of integration throughout the system, efficient management of hospital use, the benefits of competition, and greater investment in information technology. What is already known on this topicComparisons of healthcare systems in different countries have to be undertaken with great care but can be instructiveThe overall healthcare system in the United States is more expensive than the NHS and population health outcomes are no betterThe US healthcare system comprises many discrete and unique subsystems, including the health maintenance organisationsWhat this paper addsAn integrated, non-profit health maintenance organisation in California (Kaiser Permanente), with over six million members, costs about the same as the NHS but performs considerably betterKaiser's superior performance is mainly in prompt and appropriate diagnosis and treatmentThese findings challenge the widely held view that the NHS is efficient and that its inadequacies are mainly due to underinvestment PMID:11799029

  4. From "Solution" to Catalyst: A New Role for Federal Education and Training Dollars. Working Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spring, William J.

    New statistics showing the need for improving the quality of the U.S. work force shift the focus of government-sponsored employment and training programs from social justice to economic security for all. At the same time, statistics show that more than 50 percent of young black males, even those who have a high school education, cannot find jobs.…

  5. Green Consciousness or Dollar Diplomacy? The British Response to the Threat of Ozone Depletion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, James H.; Weiner, Sanford L.

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the British role in the regulation of believed ozone-depleting substances such as chlorofluorocarbons. Recounts the history of the British policies during the emergence of the issue from 1974-80; a period of tactical resistance from 1980-87; and a change in policy from 1987-90. (66 references) (MDH)

  6. Investing 101: How Your School District Can Turn Those Pennies into Dollars through Wise Investments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Anne S.

    1999-01-01

    Districts should develop a conservative investment policy, give the finance director appropriate latitude, and avoid using local banks as investment brokers. They should secure adequate bank protection against things going wrong, use competitive bidding, expect interest rates to fluctuate, and accept risk the district can live with. (MLH)

  7. Day Late, Dollar Short: The Next Generation and the New Academy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herman, Peter C., Ed.

    The chapters of this book explore how recent changes in university culture and administration have affected and will continue to affect the next generation of literacy critics. Following an introduction, 60s Theory/90s Practice by Peter C. Herman, the chapters are: (1) The Posttheory Generation (Jeffrey Williams); (2) Stars, Tenure, and the Death…

  8. Making Sense of the Dollars: The Costs and Uses of Faculty Compensation. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Kathryn M.; Amey, Marilyn J.

    This publication is a brief digest of a longer monograph on compensation policies for higher education faculty and the impact of these policies on the professoriate and the higher education enterprise. An early section describes the monograph's treatment of the current financial turbulence in higher education that has caused many institutions to…

  9. Redundancy, Discrimination and Corruption in the Multibillion-Dollar Business of College Admissions Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rizzo, Monica Ellen

    2012-01-01

    Most American colleges and universities require standardized entrance exams when making admissions decisions. Scores on these exams help determine if, when and where students will be allowed to pursue higher education. These scores are also used to determine eligibility for merit based financial aid. This testing persists even though half of the…

  10. Seeing beyond Silos: How State Education Agencies Spend Federal Education Dollars and Why

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanna, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Historically, state departments of education, or SEAs, have--for the most part--been compliance-focused organizations that managed federal education policy. Over the past several decades, these agencies have been education policy implementation entities. Today, while their compliance responsibilities have remained, they are taking on more…

  11. THE HUNDRED BILLION DOLLAR BONUS: Global Energy Efficiency Lessons from India

    SciTech Connect

    Paul, Seema; Sathaye, Jayant

    2011-03-01

    At a time when India and other nations are grappling with myriad energy-related challenges, including unstable, costly power sources and growing greenhouse gas emissions, energy efficiency offers an alternative at a fraction of the cost of other new sources of energy. A consortium of leading Indian regulators, nongovernmental organizations, and international experts has recognized this opportunity and is working to develop effective policies that will bring significant domestic benefits to India while accelerating the global transition to energy efficiency.

  12. The Million Dollar Letter: Some Hints on How to Write One

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myers, Marshall

    2004-01-01

    This article suggests ways of writing a truly effective cover letter, an extremely important document in the search for a job. First, features gleaned from 13 model letters in technical writing textbooks yield figures on the number of words, sentences, and paragraphs per letter, plus the average number of words per sentence and paragraph,…

  13. Development of Creeping Bentgrass with Resistance to Snow Mold and Dollar Spot

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera) is the premier grass for golf course putting greens and is one of the most desirable grasses for fairways and tee boxes for much of the USA. Recent breeding advances have demonstrated that genetic variation exists within creeping bentgrass for a range of pe...

  14. Neutron fluence and energy reproducibility of a 2-dollar TRIGA reactor Pulse

    SciTech Connect

    Payne, Rosara F.; Drader, Jessica A.; Friese, Judah I.; Greenwood, Lawrence R.; Hines, Corey C.; Metz, Lori A.; Kephart, Jeremy D.; King, Matthew D.; Pierson, Bruce D.; Smith, Jeremy D.; Wall, Donald E.

    2009-10-01

    Washington State University’s 1 MW TRIGA reactor has a long history of utilization for neutron activation analysis (NAA). TRIGA reactors have the ability to pulse, reach supercritical (k>1) for short bursts of time. At this high power and fast time the energy spectrum and neutron fluence are largely uncharacterized. The pulse neutron energy spectrum and fluence were determined by the activation of Cu, Au, Co, Fe, and Ti. These analyses were completed with and without Cd shielding to determine reproducibility between pulses. The applications and implications of the neutron energy and fluence reproducibility to the use of pulsed NAA will be discussed.

  15. The Dollars and Senselessness in Failing to Prioritize Childhood Maltreatment Prevention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wekerle, Christine

    2011-01-01

    Childhood maltreatment captured medical attention almost 50 years ago. Reviews considering the evidence for published maltreatment prevention programming emerged about 20 years ago. In the second decade of the 21st century, evidence-based maltreatment prevention is a reality for at-risk groups; however, the research-to-practice and policy gap…

  16. Making Training Dollars Count: Distance Education and the Certified Public Manager Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vogelsang-Coombs, Vera

    1999-01-01

    Presents three accountability relationships for assessing the appropriateness of using distance education in the Certified Public Manager (CPM) program educational accountability, financial accountability, and organizational accountability. Identifies factors inhibiting investment in distance education, including the necessity for a major modal…

  17. Defense Dollars and Sense: A Common Cause Guide to the Defense Budget Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rovner, Mark

    Designed to increase public awareness of military spending, this 5-part guide examines the process and problems of preparing the national defense budget. The publication begins with a brief overview of the 1984 defense budget. Major military programs, trends in budgeting, and key concerns in budget formulation are explored. Graphs and charts…

  18. Dollars and Discomfort: What Will People Be Willing to Give for Better Blood Pressure Assessment?

    PubMed

    Viera, Anthony J; Tuttle, Laura; Zeng, Jennifer

    2016-05-01

    Recently, the US Preventive Services Task Force issued a draft recommendation to utilize 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM) to confirm the diagnosis of hypertension after screening. However, ABPM can be inconvenient and has some adverse effects such as pain and bruising from the repeated cuff inflations. In this national survey, we asked adults 30 years and older how much physical discomfort they would be willing to undergo to have the most accurate test available for evaluating possible high BP. We also asked how much they would be willing to pay to have the test. Among 1010 respondents, 95% of participants indicated willingness to undergo at least mild physical discomfort. The median amount people would be willing to pay was $25. These findings suggest that people are willing to undergo a bit of discomfort, and even pay a small amount, for the benefit of accurate BP assessment. PMID:26401642

  19. Make sense of wound care billing: turn your cents into reimbursement dollars.

    PubMed

    Vargo, Deanna M

    2008-01-01

    How does a clinician determine appropriate billing for wound care services? For Medicare and Medicaid patients, billing-related regulations are developed and promulgated by the US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). This article will show how to access and use the CMS Web site as a resource for finding necessary information pertaining to billing guidelines and appropriate codes, including edits that prevent billing multiple procedures together and the use of modifiers that may allow an additional billing. Further discussion focuses on the importance of regular visits to this Web site since it is regularly updated as changes occur in billing or reimbursement policies. Therefore, investing the time to check the site for the latest updates can make a critical difference in your success with reimbursement for wound care services. PMID:18344793

  20. U3As in Australia and New Zealand: Society's Four Million-Dollar Bonanza.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swindell, Rick; Vassella, Ken

    University of the Third Age (U3A) programs in Australia and New Zealand were examined through data collected from 126 U3A groups in Australia and 20 in New Zealand. The 24,870 responses and 2,002 responses obtained in Australia and New Zealand, respectively, represented 76% and 77% of U3A group members in the two countries. Data were collected…

  1. Dollars and Sense: Diverse Perspectives on Block Grants and the Personal Responsibility Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Sid; And Others

    In March 1995, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the Personal Responsibility Act (H.R. 4), part of the House Republican Contract with America. The bill would move primary responsibility for child and family programs to states and communities, reduce federal spending, and consolidate programs into block grants for child care, child…

  2. Saving Futures, Saving Dollars: The Impact of Education on Crime Reduction and Earnings. Issue Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    America's standard of living and international competitiveness will be strengthened if its high schools are improved. Research indicates that about 75 percent of America's state prison inmates, almost 59 percent of federal inmates, and 69 percent of jail inmates did not complete high school. Additionally, the number of prison inmates without a…

  3. The Dollars and Cents of Investing Early: Cost-Benefit Analysis in Early Care and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heckman, James; Grunewald, Rob; Reynolds, Arthur

    2006-01-01

    Heckman et al. discuss how cost-benefit analysis of prekindergarten education programs demonstrates that the highest per child benefits stem from programs that focus on economically disadvantaged children. Indeed, studies have shown that these children make significant gains in cognition, social-emotional development, and educational performance…

  4. Dropouts, Diplomas, and Dollars: U.S. High Schools and the Nation's Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amos, Jason

    2008-01-01

    America's high schools are hemorrhaging talent at the rate of seven thousand students every school day--a steady drip that grows into a tidal wave of more than 1.2 million dropouts each year, a number equal to the entire population of Dallas or San Diego. Jobs that require relatively little education are increasingly done by machines or shipped…

  5. Dollars and Directives: Issues and Problems Related to Financial Support and Legal Authorizations of Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martorana, S. V.; And Others

    This monograph is concerned with the issues and problems raised by recent trends in state legislative activity related to community and junior colleges and in patterns of funding these institutions. The first of two parts discusses legislation directly or indirectly affecting policies for financing postsecondary education in general and community…

  6. Coolerado Cooler Helps to Save Cooling Energy and Dollars: New Cooling Technology Targets Peak Load Reduction

    SciTech Connect

    Robichaud, R.

    2007-06-01

    This document is about a new evaporative cooling technology that can deliver cooler supply air temperatures than either direct or indirect evaporative cooling systems, without increasing humidity. The Coolerado Cooler technology can help Federal agencies reach the energy-use reduction goals of EPAct 2005, particularly in the western United States.

  7. The Consumer and His Health Dollar: One of a Series in Expanded Programs of Consumer Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

    Designed as one of a series of modules in consumer education this booklet focuses on health problems from the consumer angle. It is designed to supplement the comprehensive health strands published by the New York State Education Department, and to be used as materials for an elective course. The module is constructed so that the student can…

  8. Cost-Effective Computing: Making the Most of Your PC Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Walt

    1992-01-01

    Lists 27 suggestions for making cost-effective decisions when buying personal computers. Topics covered include physical comfort; modem speed; color graphics; institutional discounts; direct-order firms; brand names; replacing versus upgrading; expanding hard disk capacity; printers; software; wants versus needs; and RLIN (Research Libraries…

  9. Data and dollars: how CDHC is driving the convergence of banking and health care.

    PubMed

    Hammer, David C

    2007-02-01

    The new world of consumer-directed health care is arriving faster than many thought possible, and new trends are taking shape: Consumers in large numbers are adopting health savings accounts paired with high-deductible insurance policies. Banks, credit unions, and even insurance companies are offering HSAs and making them increasingly attractive by letting holders invest their unused deposits in mutual funds. Employers-including giants such as Wal-Mart--are pushing their employees in large numbers into these consumer-directed plans. PMID:17315632

  10. Assessing Your Assets: Systems for Tracking and Managing IT Assets Can Save Time and Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holub, Patricia A.

    2007-01-01

    The average school district loses more than $80,000 per year because of lost or damaged IT assets, according to a QED survey cosponsored by Follett Software Company. And many districts--59 percent--still use manual systems to track assets. Enter asset management systems. Software for managing assets, when implemented properly, can save time,…

  11. SIZE FACTORS AND NON-DOLLAR COSTS OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS, PHASE 1. FINAL REPORT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WAKEFIELD, HOWARD E.; AND OTHERS

    ELEMENTS OF EDUCATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY ARE IDENTIFIED WHICH ARE INFLUENCED BY SIZE OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS. PRODUCTIVITY INCLUDES OUTCOMES SUCH AS ACADEMIC PROGRESS AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND EXCLUDES ECONOMIC OUTCOMES SUCH AS GAINS IN INCOME. RESEARCH IN THIS FIRST PHASE WAS DONE WITH THE HIGH SCHOOLS OF IOWA. DATA STORED WITH THE IOWA EDUCATIONAL…

  12. Serials vs. the Dollar Dilemma: Currency Swings and Rising Costs Play Havoc with Prices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ketcham, Lee; Born, Kathleen

    1995-01-01

    This periodical price survey examines pricing trends, currency fluctuation and other predictors of 1996 serials costs. Tables are derived from analysis of three Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) databases and reflect subscription rates of large libraries. Sidebars include cost history information specific to mid-size to smaller academic…

  13. Scientific misconduct. How prevalent is fraud? That's a million-dollar question.

    PubMed

    Marshall, E

    2000-12-01

    How often does scientific misconduct occur? There seems to be no consensus on the answer, although a range of estimates were presented at a conference called last month by a key federal watchdog agency to announce a $1 million grants program to investigate the prevalence of fraud, data fabrication, plagiarism, and other questionable practices in science. The 8-year-old Office of Research Integrity hopes to support studies gauging the frequency of misconduct and assessing efforts to raise ethical standards. PMID:11186377

  14. Dollars and Sense: A Budget-Building Framework of Transparency for Superintendent Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bird, James J.

    2011-01-01

    School superintendents annually need to gain affirmative votes from their governing bodies to approve their district budgets. This paper proposes a framework through which the superintendent can express the district's educational needs and concomitant resource allocations in conceptual terms rather than in multi-columned ledgers. The framework…

  15. Dollars for Sense: Assessing Achievement Gaps in Arkansas in the Context of Substantial Funding Increases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnett, Joshua; Jensen, Nathan C.; Ritter, Gary W.

    2010-01-01

    Forty-four of the fifty states have experienced school finance lawsuits as a consequence of funding gaps between rich and poor districts. In some states, such as Kentucky, lawsuits brought about by property-poor districts have resulted in a statewide remedy that reforms the property tax system and seeks to provide every child with an adequate…

  16. For Every Dollar Invested...The Economic Impact of Public Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges, Washington, DC.

    This publication summarizes information provided during 1995 and early 1996 in an informal survey of state and land-grant universities concerning the direct and long-range economic impacts of public universities on their immediate communities. Items considered under direct impact include: expenditures by the universities on supplies, materials,…

  17. Making Ends Meet: Maximizing the Mental Health Dollar. Human Resources Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craig, Rebecca T.

    1986-01-01

    In light of reduced or eliminated federal funding, this report discusses mental health services provisions. The history of mental health service funding is presented. Funding responsibility is traced from communities, to states, to private health insurance, to federal assistance, to community provision with state and federal funds, and finally to…

  18. Centralized Analysis of Local Data, With Dollars and Lives on the Line: Lessons From The Home Radon Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Price, PhillipN.; Gelman, Andrew

    2014-11-24

    In this chapter we elucidate four main themes. The first is that modern data analyses, including "Big Data" analyses, often rely on data from different sources, which can present challenges in constructing statistical models that can make effective use of all of the data. The second theme is that although data analysis is usually centralized, frequently the final outcome is to provide information or allow decision-making for individuals. Third, data analyses often have multiple uses by design: the outcomes of the analysis are intended to be used by more than one person or group, for more than one purpose. Finally, issues of privacy and confidentiality can cause problems in more subtle ways than are usually considered; we will illustrate this point by discussing a case in which there is substantial and effective political opposition to simply acknowledging the geographic distribution of a health hazard. A researcher analyzes some data and learns something important. What happens next? What does it take for the results to make a difference in people's lives? In this chapter we tell a story - a true story - about a statistical analysis that should have changed government policy, but didn't. The project was a research success that did not make its way into policy, and we think it provides some useful insights into the interplay between locally-collected data, statistical analysis, and individual decision making.

  19. A penny saved is ten dollars earned: fifteen ways to lower overhead and boost the bottom line.

    PubMed

    Pollock, Kim

    2013-01-01

    As expenses rise and reimbursements remain flat or decline, it's more important than ever to scrutinize practice expenditures on a regular basis. This article provides tips for evaluating individual line items on the profit and loss statement and identifying expenses that can be reduced without sacrificing quality of care or patient satisfaction. When aggregated, even seemingly small reductions add up to big annual savings. PMID:23767128

  20. A million dollar exit from the anarchic slum-world: Slumdog Millionaire's hollow idioms of social justice.

    PubMed

    Sengupta, Mitu

    2010-01-01

    This article contests the characterisation of the popular and acclaimed film, Slumdog Millionaire, as a realistic portrayal of India's urban poverty that will ultimately serve as a tool of advocacy for India's urban poor. It argues that the film's reductive view of slum-spaces will more probably reinforce negative attitudes towards slum-dwellers, lending credibility to the sorts of policies that have historically dispossessed them of power and dignity. By drawing attention to the film's celebration of characters and spaces that symbolise Western culture and Northern trajectories of 'development', the article also critically engages with some of the issues raised by the film's enormous success. PMID:20607903

  1. Stretching the School Dollar: How Schools and Districts Can Save Money While Serving Students Best. Educational Innovations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hess, Frederick M., Ed.; Osberg, Eric, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    Simultaneous pressures to reduce costs and increase student achievement have never been greater than they are today. Not only is cost-cutting essential in this era of tightened resources, argue Hess and Osberg, but eliminating inefficient spending is critical for freeing up resources to drive school reform. This provocative book brings together a…

  2. 26 CFR 1.985-2 - Election to use the United States dollar as the functional currency of a QBU.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...)(1). Failure to file an amended return within the time period prescribed in § 1.985-2T(c)(1) shall... making an election under the § 1.985-2T(c)(1) must file a Form 8819 in the time and manner provided in... corporation) to timely file Form 8819 or provide written notice to a United States person required to...

  3. From Dreams to Dollars: Joining the Theory of Planning with the Practicality of Budget to Maximize Both

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dorsey, Myrtle E. B.

    2008-01-01

    The integrated online planning and budget development system at Baton Rouge Community College is an innovative approach to systematically link college strategic priorities and unit plan objectives with financial resources. Using two industry standards (Microsoft Access and Sungard Banner), a user-friendly program was developed that has facilitated…

  4. The State Dollar and the Schools. A Discussion of State Aid Programs in Massachusetts and Promising Reforms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Charlotte

    This report discusses the history and nature of State aid to education in Massachusetts. The report is both a summary and an update of information contained in four earlier studies that analyzed the economics of education in Massachusetts and the State's new equalizing education aid formula. The report recommends that the State adopt an…

  5. Asymmetrical long-run dependence between oil price and US dollar exchange rate-Based on structural oil shocks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Jiaqi; Gu, Rongbao

    2016-08-01

    The multifractal behavior in cross-correlation between oil prices and exchange rates is examined in this paper. We use the multifractal detrended cross-correlation analysis to investigate the general cross-correlations, and further show that these cross-correlations are asymmetric by multifractal asymmetric cross-correlation analysis. We recover the structural oil shocks and then use these indicators to characterize the asymmetries along with oil price trend itself. Our empirical results show that their asymmetric degrees vary significantly. The sign of oil supply shock leads to the most significant asymmetry among them.

  6. A Study to Determine the Cost of Raising a Dollar Finds That Average College Spends Just 16 Cents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMillen, Liz

    1990-01-01

    A study that was the first systematic attempt to develop guidelines for comparing college fund-raising costs was conducted by the Council for Advancement and Support of Education and the National Association of College and University Business Officers. The figures in the study cover the period 1986-88. (MLW)

  7. The Brazos Bottoms Next Time: A Discussion of Black Colleges, Federal Dollars and Social Change. A Staff Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hebert, Tom; Frank, Virginia

    Federal consciousness of minority issues in general and of black colleges in particular is increasing daily as programs are instituted to promote equality among the various races in the U.S. This paper reviews some government social agencies where signs of progress are already visible: Model Cities, Social Rehabilitation, the Environmental…

  8. Federal Dollars for Local Schools. Selections from the Federal Aid Planner. A Guide for School District Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodinsky, Ben, Ed.

    The reports in this compendium discuss various aspects of federal activities in education. Several authors discuss (1) the role of the Federal Government in the 1970s; (2) the education amendments of 1972; (3) aid grantsmanship; (4) career education; (5) the education of gifted and talented students; (6) the education of the handicapped; (7)…

  9. 17 CFR 41.11 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1) SEC means the Securities...-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b, 249.308b, or 249.220f) filed with the... outstanding shares subsequently reported by the issuer on a Form 8-K (17 CFR 249.308). (8) Preceding 6...

  10. 17 CFR 41.11 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1) SEC means the Securities...-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b, 249.308b, or 249.220f) filed with the... outstanding shares subsequently reported by the issuer on a Form 8-K (17 CFR 249.308). (8) Preceding 6...

  11. 17 CFR 41.11 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1) SEC means the Securities...-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b, 249.308b, or 249.220f) filed with the... outstanding shares subsequently reported by the issuer on a Form 8-K (17 CFR 249.308). (8) Preceding 6...

  12. 17 CFR 41.11 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1) SEC means the Securities...-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b, 249.308b, or 249.220f) filed with the... outstanding shares subsequently reported by the issuer on a Form 8-K (17 CFR 249.308). (8) Preceding 6...

  13. 17 CFR 41.11 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1) SEC means the Securities...-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b, 249.308b, or 249.220f) filed with the... outstanding shares subsequently reported by the issuer on a Form 8-K (17 CFR 249.308). (8) Preceding 6...

  14. Dollars and Sense: Analysis of Spending and Revenue Patterns to Inform Fiscal Planning for California Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shulock, Nancy; Offenstein, Jeremy; Esch, Camille

    2011-01-01

    After decades of focusing on expansion and access, California's institutions of higher education are now being handed a more difficult charge: to dramatically increase the number of college graduates with diminishing state funding. There is a growing consensus that the United States needs to ratchet up its production of college graduates to turn…

  15. Surveying for Dollars: The Role of the American Community Survey in the Geographic Distribution of Federal Funds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reamer, Andrew D.

    2010-01-01

    The American Community Survey (ACS) is a Census Bureau program that provides annually updated information on demographic, social, economic, and housing characteristics of U.S. households at every level of geography, from the nation to the neighborhood. ACS data are used by public and business decision-makers to more clearly identify issues and…

  16. Innovation in Photovoltaic Science, Engineering, and Policy: A Potential Trillion-Dollar Global Industry for Sustainable Energy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Cheng

    The solar photovoltaic (PV) technology was an expensive niche energy source only for satellite applications, hallmarked by the Bell Lab's launch of the Telstar satellite with PV cells in 1962. Over the past decades, the accumulation of vast amount of effort across various disciplines in science, engineering, and policy has enabled the phenomenal growth of the solar PV industry into a global enterprise with about 140 gigawatt (GW) of cumulative installations by the end of 2013. Further cost reduction through innovation holds the promise in deploying terawatt (TW)-scale solar PV systems globally in both developed and developing countries, meeting growing energy demand and mitigating climate change. Chapter 1 presents a big picture view of the unsustainable path, heavily relying on fossil fuels, in the current global energy landscape. The main body of the dissertation examines the solar PV technology from a holistic and interdisciplinary perspective: from the basic research, to innovations in manufacturing and installing PV modules, to the driving energy policies. Chapter 2 offers a fundamental understanding of the PV technology and a review on recent scientific advances in improving PV efficiency (W/m 2). Chapter 3 reviews the state-of-the-art process flow in manufacturing commercial PV modules. In the context of pursuing further reduction in manufacturing cost (/m2), the thin Si film concept and its recent research effort are reviewed. Aiming to explore novel ways to produce high-quality seed crystals for thin Si film deposition, the key findings of the laser crystallization experiment is presented in Chapter 4. The fundamental thermophysics of nucleation and crystal growth is first reviewed, which highlights the importance of temperature evolution and heat transport in modelling the ultrafast laser crystallization process. Laser crystallization of a range of Si nanostructures are then carried out to study the nucleation and crystal growth behavior under some novel conditions, such as suspended narrow Si membranes and Si nanoparticles confined on top of oxide nanostructures. The cost of a PV module (/W) is determined by both its rated efficiency (W/m2) and its manufacturing cost (/m2). However, the same PV module with the same cost can lead to significantly different levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) in /kWh, depending on the location and configuration of the installed PV system. Chapter 5 starts with an overview of the geographic distribution of solar resources and retail electricity rates, which yield a range of grid parity points across the world. Then, energy yield simulations for different PV panel tilt configurations are carried out using the angle-and-wavelength-resolved solar irradiance data, to examine the effect of angular and spectral variations in the solar spectrum on system performance. Energy policies have been the driving forces for the phenomenal progress of the PV technology: the continuing reduction in cost and the rapid growth in deployment. Chapter 6 first reviews major policy instruments for PV, and then discusses about a few important policy lessons from the rapid development of the global PV industry during 2000-2013. Concerned with the mounting fiscal pressure from deployment incentives and focused on further cost reductions, an innovation-focused policy framework is proposed to revive the PV manufacturing sector and to pursue an innovation-driven global PV industry moving forward.

  17. Saving Now and Saving Later: How High School Reform Can Reduce the Nation's Wasted Remediation Dollars. Issue Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    For young people entering the twenty-first-century job market, high school graduation is no longer the finish line, but the starting line. While one-third of students will fail to graduate from high school, too many students who do graduate and make it to the postsecondary starting line find that they are underprepared for postsecondary work. A…

  18. 77 FR 840 - Pricing for 2012 America the Beautiful Quarters® Products and American Eagle Silver Dollars

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-06

    ... United States Mint Pricing for 2012 America the Beautiful Quarters Products and American Eagle Silver... Mint is announcing 2012 pricing for America the Beautiful Quarters products and American Eagle Silver... Quarters Circulating Coin Set TM..... 5.95 America the Beautiful Five Ounce Silver Uncirculated Coin.....

  19. Fiscal and Monetary Policy via the Internet and Where Did the Too Many Dollars Come From? Lesson Plans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ripp, Ken

    This document contains two lesson plans. The first, "Fiscal and Monetary Policy via the Internet," seeks to expose high school students to Internet technology while introducing them to fiscal and monetary policy. Information gathering skills, economic understanding, policy application, and economic content retention should all be enhanced by this…

  20. 17 CFR 230.506 - Exemption for limited offers and sales without regard to dollar amount of offering.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78j(b)) and 17 CFR 240.10b-5, section 15(c)(1) of the Securities... of voting power; any promoter connected with the issuer in any capacity at the time of such sale;...

  1. Where Have All the Dollars Gone? Public Expenditures for Human Resource Development in New York City, 1961-71.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brecher, Charles

    The author has reviewed the rise in the expense budget of New York City from the early 1960's to the early 1970's, concentrating on the expenditures for human resources development (education, health, welfare, and family back-up services) which account for about 70 percent of the total. One reason for rising expenses has been the expansion of…

  2. Dollars and Sense: A Review of Economic Analyses of Pre-K. Pre-K Now Research Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wat, Albert

    2007-01-01

    The momentum behind high-quality, voluntary pre-kindergarten is growing dramatically across the country--in families, in communities, and in the halls of academia and government. Thanks to this strong wave of support, state spending on pre-k increased from $2.4 billion to $4.2 billion nationwide between 2002 and 2007. This investment is built upon…

  3. Vannevar Bush 2: Science for the 21st Century. Why Should Federal Dollars be Spent to Support Scientific Research?

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miller, Kate (Editor)

    1995-01-01

    On July 5, 1945, Dr. Vannevar Bush delivered a report to President Truman known as 'Science: The Endless Frontier'. In the report, Dr. Bush stated that 'scientific progress is one essential key to our security as a nation, to our better health, to more jobs, to a higher standard of living, and to our cultural progress'. Bush addressed job creation, the independence of basic research, the ties between research and application, and the nations's need for new talent. In 1995, there are strong similarities between the issues addressed in the Congress, Administration, and the public and those following World War 2. Federal funds and research funding are under severe pressure, including that from fiscal constraints in the federal budget due to the large and growing deficit and the escalating cost of health care. Defense conversion is addressed in the Congress and in industry, where many jobs are at stake. Conversion of the national laboratories, particularly nuclear weapons laboratories, has been a subject of a governmental commission and is the subject of draft legislation. Health care costs and the appropriate role of the federal government in funding basic and applied research has become a major topic of debate. Discussion on education in science has grown from the issue of how to produce more Ph.D.'s to how to improve the understanding of technology and science among the general public.

  4. Low-cost Negative-pressure Wound Therapy Using Wall Vacuum: A 15 Dollars by Day Alternative

    PubMed Central

    Garrido, Ignacio; Eburdery, Harold; Grolleau, Jean Louis; Chavoin, Jean Pierre

    2015-01-01

    Background: Negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been marketed for about 20 years and remains popular. The only real obstacle to NPWT is the cost; therefore, we designed an inexpensive NPWT connected to a wall vacuum. Here, we report the feasibility and safety of this product, which we call PROVACUUM (Z-Biotech, Saint-Avertin, France). Methods: As a first step, the constraints imposed on the manufacturer were equipment quality similar to that of commercial NPWT systems, with an average treatment cost of $15/d. Then, we conducted a prospective study of patients with indications for NPWT from September 2013 to January 2015. Data collected included ease of use, quality of materials, and occurrence of complications during treatment. Results: We enrolled 23 patients with a mean age of 50.8 years. The average duration of treatment was 8.5 days (range, 3–21 days). The dressings were changed every 3.3 days (range, 2–4 days). Two hematomas occurred that required surgical revision and the transfusion of 2 units after large debridement of pressure ulcer. No other adverse events or infections occurred. The surgeons found that our device was similar to commercial NPWT devices. Conclusions: We developed an inexpensive NPWT that costs an average of $15/d. Our process is not intended to replace portable or stand-alone devices with batteries, but rather offers a less expensive alternative for hospitalized patients and makes NPWT accessible to the most precarious countries and institutions. PMID:26180719

  5. Public Policies, Prices, and Productivity in American Higher Education. Stretching the Higher Education Dollar. Special Report 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hauptman, Arthur M.

    2013-01-01

    Rapid increases in what colleges charge and what they spend per student have been and remain one of the most controversial aspects of American higher education. Tuition, fees, and other college charges have increased in both the public and private sectors at more than twice the rate of inflation for over a quarter century. Trends over time in what…

  6. Sticky Dollars: Inertia in the Evolution of Federal Allocations for HIV Care through the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program

    PubMed Central

    Martin, Erika G.; Keenan, Patricia S.

    2010-01-01

    While substantial research examines the dynamics prompting policy adoption, few studies have assessed whether enacted policies are modified to meet distributional equity concerns. Past research suggests that important forces limit such adaptation, termed here “policy inertia.” We examine whether block grant allocations to states from the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program have evolved in response to major technological and political changes. We assess the impact of initial allocations on later funding patterns, compared to five counterfactual distributional equity standards. Initial allocations strongly predict future allocations; in comparison, the standards are weak predictors, suggesting the importance of policy inertia. Our methodology of employing multiple measures of equity as a counterfactual to policy inertia can be used to evaluate the adaptability of federalist programs in other domains. PMID:21278911

  7. Getting down to Dollars and Cents: What Do School Districts Spend to Deliver Student-Centered Learning?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Lawrence J.; Gross, Betheny; Ouijdani, Monica

    2012-01-01

    In the era of No Child Left Behind and Race to the Top, school districts are under increasing pressure from policymakers to hold all students to high performance standards. In response, a growing number of schools are embracing the principles of student-centered learning (SCL). SCL is a contemporary approach that combines progressive and…

  8. Still spending dollars, still searching for sense: advanced practice nursing in an era of regulatory and economic turmoil.

    PubMed

    Safriet, B J

    1998-01-01

    Regulatory and market forces are dramatically affecting the practice prospects for advanced practice nurses (APNs). Examples include the designation of APNs as primary care providers by for-profit capitated systems, the elimination of "geographic" practice boundaries by the advent of telepractice, and the revision of governmental reimbursement provisions for entire categories of APNs. Educational, political, and economic challenges necessitate an increased APN leadership role in national and state policy reform efforts. PMID:9874960

  9. Dollars, Distinction, or Duty? The Meaning of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards for Teachers' Work and Collegial Relations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anagnostopoulos, Dorothea; Sykes, Gary; McCrory, Raven; Cannata, Marisa; Frank, Kenneth

    2010-01-01

    The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) is the most prominent contemporary effort to professionalize teaching. Along with identifying exceptional teachers, the NBPTS seeks to alter teachers' work by establishing a cadre of expert teachers capable of and obligated to leading school improvement efforts. This article reports…

  10. SLJ's Spending Survey: As the Economy Limps along and Federal Dollars Dwindle, School Librarians Are Turning into Resourceful Survivors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farmer, Lesley

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the results of the latest "SLJ" survey of school expenditures and collections for 2009-2010. The survey reveals that librarians have used a variety of coping techniques to weather this economic storm, whether it is servicing more than one school, using additional volunteers, taking on more tasks, or seeking outside funding.…

  11. The Effect of Farmers' Decisions on Pest Control with Bt Crops: A Billion Dollar Game of Strategy.

    PubMed

    Milne, Alice E; Bell, James R; Hutchison, William D; van den Bosch, Frank; Mitchell, Paul D; Crowder, David; Parnell, Stephen; Whitmore, Andrew P

    2015-12-01

    A farmer's decision on whether to control a pest is usually based on the perceived threat of the pest locally and the guidance of commercial advisors. Therefore, farmers in a region are often influenced by similar circumstances, and this can create a coordinated response for pest control that is effective at a landscape scale. This coordinated response is not intentional, but is an emergent property of the system. We propose a framework for understanding the intrinsic feedback mechanisms between the actions of humans and the dynamics of pest populations and demonstrate this framework using the European corn borer, a serious pest in maize crops. We link a model of the European corn borer and a parasite in a landscape with a model that simulates the decisions of individual farmers on what type of maize to grow. Farmers chose whether to grow Bt-maize, which is toxic to the corn borer, or conventional maize for which the seed is cheaper. The problem is akin to the snow-drift problem in game theory; that is to say, if enough farmers choose to grow Bt maize then because the pest is suppressed an individual may benefit from growing conventional maize. We show that the communication network between farmers' and their perceptions of profit and loss affects landscape scale patterns in pest dynamics. We found that although adoption of Bt maize often brings increased financial returns, these rewards oscillate in response to the prevalence of pests. PMID:26720851

  12. Making dollars out of DNA. The first major patent in biotechnology and the commercialization of molecular biology, 1974-1980.

    PubMed

    Hughes, S S

    2001-09-01

    In 1973-1974 Stanley N. Cohen of Stanford and Herbert W. Boyer of the University of California, San Francisco, developed a laboratory process for joining and replicating DNA from different species. In 1974 Stanford and UC applied for a patent on the recombinant DNA process; the U.S. Patent Office granted it in 1980. This essay describes how the patenting procedure was shaped by the concurrent recombinant DNA controversy, tension over the commercialization of academic biology, governmental deliberations over the regulation of genetic engineering research, and national expectations for high technology as a boost to the American economy. The essay concludes with a discussion of the patent as a turning point in the commercialization of molecular biology and a harbinger of the social and ethical issues associated with biotechnology today. PMID:11810894

  13. Addressing the Declining Productivity of Higher Education Using Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Stretching the Higher Education Dollar. Special Report 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Douglas N.

    2013-01-01

    Higher education productivity, as measured by academic degrees granted by American colleges and universities, is declining. Since the early 1990s, real expenditures on higher education have grown by more than 25 percent, now amounting to 2.9 percent of US gross domestic product (GDP)--greater than the percentage of GDP spent on higher education in…

  14. The Effect of Farmers’ Decisions on Pest Control with Bt Crops: A Billion Dollar Game of Strategy

    PubMed Central

    Hutchison, William D.; van den Bosch, Frank; Mitchell, Paul D.; Crowder, David; Parnell, Stephen; Whitmore, Andrew P.

    2015-01-01

    A farmer’s decision on whether to control a pest is usually based on the perceived threat of the pest locally and the guidance of commercial advisors. Therefore, farmers in a region are often influenced by similar circumstances, and this can create a coordinated response for pest control that is effective at a landscape scale. This coordinated response is not intentional, but is an emergent property of the system. We propose a framework for understanding the intrinsic feedback mechanisms between the actions of humans and the dynamics of pest populations and demonstrate this framework using the European corn borer, a serious pest in maize crops. We link a model of the European corn borer and a parasite in a landscape with a model that simulates the decisions of individual farmers on what type of maize to grow. Farmers chose whether to grow Bt-maize, which is toxic to the corn borer, or conventional maize for which the seed is cheaper. The problem is akin to the snow-drift problem in game theory; that is to say, if enough farmers choose to grow Bt maize then because the pest is suppressed an individual may benefit from growing conventional maize. We show that the communication network between farmers’ and their perceptions of profit and loss affects landscape scale patterns in pest dynamics. We found that although adoption of Bt maize often brings increased financial returns, these rewards oscillate in response to the prevalence of pests. PMID:26720851

  15. Effects of 17β-estradiol, and its metabolite, 4-hydroxyestradiol on fertilization, embryo development and oxidative DNA damage in sand dollar (Dendraster excentricus) sperm

    PubMed Central

    Rempel, Mary Ann; Hester, Brian; DeHaro, Hector; Hong, Haizheng; Wang, Yinsheng; Schlenk, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Oxidative compounds have been demonstrated to decrease the fertilization capability and viability of offspring of treated spermatozoa. As estrogen and its hydroxylated metabolites readily undergo redox cycling, this study was undertaken to determine if estrogens and other oxidants could damage DNA and impair sperm function. Sperm was preexposed to either 17β-estradiol (E2), 4-hydroxyestradiol (4OHE2) or the oxidant t-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BOOH), and allowed to fertilize untreated eggs. The fertilization rates and development of the larvae were assessed, as well as the amount of 8-oxodeoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) as an indication of oxidative DNA damage. All compounds caused significant decreases in fertilization and increases in pathological abnormalities in offspring, with 4OHE2 being the most toxic. Treatment with 4OHE2 caused a significant increase of 8-oxodG, but E2 failed to show any effect. Pathological abnormalities were significantly correlated (r2 = 0.44, p ≤ 0.05) with 8-oxodG levels in sperm treated with t-BOOH and 4OHE2, but not E2. 8-OxodG levels also were somewhat weakly correlated with impaired fertilization in 4OHE2-treated sperm (r2 = 0.33, p ≤ 0.05). The results indicate that biotransformation of E2 to 4OHE2 enhances oxidative damage of DNA in sperm, which can reduce fertilization and impair embryonic development, but other mechanisms of action may also contribute to these effects. PMID:19171371

  16. Recovery Act: Billions of Dollars in Education Credits Appear to Be Erroneous. Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration. Reference Number: 2011-41-083

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of the Treasury, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Education credits are available to help offset the costs of higher education for taxpayers, their spouses, and dependents who qualify as eligible students. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) amended the Hope Scholarship Tax Credit (Hope Credit) to provide for a refundable tax credit known as the American Opportunity…

  17. Reset or Forge Ahead? Is There a Future and "Value" in the Study of Spanish? Historical Trends and Calculations of the Merit or Dollar Worth of the Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dulfano, Isabel; Rubio, Fernando

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to trace the actual demand on enrolments over time, as much as the history of wavering public and academic sentiment towards teaching and speaking Spanish in this country during the last century. Secondarily, we examine the question of the value of mother tongue fluency or the acquisition, mastery and usage of the…

  18. Joe Camel with Feathers. How the NRA with Gun and Tobacco Industry Dollars Uses Its Eddie Eagle Program To Market Guns to Kids.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glick, Susan; Sugarmann, Josh

    The National Rifle Association (NRA) has developed its Eddie Eagle program as a school-based curriculum that claims to teach gun safety to children in preschool through grade six. The program uses a four-part message for children to follow when they see a gun, admonishing them to stop, not touch it, leave the area, and tell an adult. The NRA has…

  19. Dollars, Distance, and Online Education: The New Economics of College Teaching and Learning. American Council on Education/Oryx Press Series on Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finkelstein, Martin J., Ed.; Frances, Carol, Ed.; Jewett, Frank I., Ed.; Scholz, Bernhard W., Ed.

    This book analyzes and assesses the costs of information technology for teaching and learning in higher education. Containing 15 essays that identify the positive and negative cost implications of information technology, the book also explores how the increased use of information technology is transforming higher education, the different ways it…

  20. 17 CFR 240.3a55-1 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.) on Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of... recent Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 10-KSB, Form 10-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b... to such number of outstanding shares subsequently reported by the issuer on a Form 8-K (17 CFR...

  1. 17 CFR 240.3a55-1 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.) on Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of... recent Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 10-KSB, Form 10-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b... to such number of outstanding shares subsequently reported by the issuer on a Form 8-K (17 CFR...

  2. 17 CFR 240.3a55-1 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.) on Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of... recent Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 10-KSB, Form 10-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b... to such number of outstanding shares subsequently reported by the issuer on a Form 8-K (17 CFR...

  3. 17 CFR 240.3a55-1 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.) on Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of... recent Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 10-KSB, Form 10-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b... to such number of outstanding shares subsequently reported by the issuer on a Form 8-K (17 CFR...

  4. 17 CFR 240.3a55-1 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.) on Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of... recent Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 10-KSB, Form 10-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b... to such number of outstanding shares subsequently reported by the issuer on a Form 8-K (17 CFR...

  5. Metrics, Dollars, and Systems Change: Learning from Washington State's Student Achievement Initiative to Design Effective Postsecondary Performance Funding Policies. A State Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Davis; Shulock, Nancy

    2013-01-01

    The Student Achievement Initiative (SAI), adopted by the Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges in 2007, is one of a growing number of performance funding programs that have been dubbed "performance funding 2.0." Unlike previous performance funding models, the SAI rewards colleges for students' intermediate achievements along…

  6. 26 CFR 1.985-6 - Transition rules for a QBU that uses the dollar approximate separate transactions method for its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1.1000)) for its first taxable year beginning in 1987 (DASTM QBU). A DASTM... Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Export Trade Corporations § 1.985-6 Transition rules for a QBU that uses the...

  7. [Influence of the activator of transcription GAL4 on growth and development of embryos and embryonic cells in primary cultures of sand dollar].

    PubMed

    Odintsova, N A; Kiselev, K V; Bulgakov, V P; Kol'tsova, E A; Iakovlev, K V

    2003-01-01

    In order to solve many tasks of biotechnology, constant lines of the cells of marine invertebrates with a high growth potential are required, which are absent at present. We used the universal activator of transcription gal4 to change the degree of expression of genes of growth factors in embryonic sea urchin cells and, thereby, increase their proliferative activity. The fertilized sea urchin eggs and dissociated embryonic cells at the blastula stage were treated with plasmids containing both the functional gene gal4 and the gene devoid of the regions encoding the activator domain. The transfection of embryonic sea urchin eggs with the functional gene led to cell dedifferentiation and formation of tumor-like structures in the embryos or increased number of embryonic cells in culture. In the cells obtained from the transfected embryos, the pigments were found within two months of cultivation, whose absorption spectrum coincided with that of echinochrome. PMID:12942737

  8. 38 CFR 3.43 - Burial benefits at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... of the U.S., a valid original or copy of one of the following documents is required: (i) A valid U.S.... Citizenship and Immigration Services to VA, or a valid U.S. passport, will be sufficient proof for purposes of... evidence should identify the veteran's name and relevant dates, and may include: (A) A valid...

  9. Debt Collection. Improved Reporting Needed on Billions of Dollars in Delinquent Debt and Agency Collection Performance. Report to the Chairman, Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Accounting and Information Management Div.

    This report examines the four program activities that account for two-thirds of delinquent debt owed to the Federal government: the Department of Education's Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) with $20 billion and the housing programs of the Departments of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Veterans Affairs (VA), and Agriculture that…

  10. 13 CFR 124.519 - Are there any dollar limits on the amount of 8(a) contracts that a Participant may receive?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... section during its participation in the 8(a) BD program. (1) For a firm having a revenue-based primary SIC...) contracts is five times the size standard corresponding to that SIC code as of the date of SBA's acceptance... an employee-based primary SIC code at time of program entry, the limit above which it can no...

  11. Why Aren't Dollars Following Need? The Need for Professional Development Is Enormous and Expressed; the Question Is, Where's the Money?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fletcher, Geoffrey H.

    2005-01-01

    The demand for professional development for integrating technology is growing. According to the MDR report The Impact of No Child Left Behind, when leaders were asked about the areas in which they feel their teachers need the most training over the next year or two, technology integration came in fourth behind "assessment," "dealing with diverse…

  12. Creating wealth from groundwater for dollar-a-day farmers: Where the silent revolution and the four revolutions to end rural poverty meet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Polak, Paul; Yoder, Robert

    2006-03-01

    More than 550 million of the current 1.1 billion people earning less than 1-a-day earn a living from agriculture in developing countries. A revolution in water control is needed to develop and mass-disseminate new, affordable, small-plot irrigation technologies. A revolution in agriculture is required to enable smallholders to produce high-value, marketable, labor-intensive cash crops. A revolution in markets is needed to open access to markets for the crops they produce and the inputs they need to produce them. Finally, a revolution in design, based on the ruthless pursuit of affordability, is needed to harness shallow groundwater. The experiences of suppliers of treadle pumps, low-cost drip irrigation and water storage systems were examined. The wealth these technologies generated, coupled with falling prices for small diesel pumps in countries like India and China, created a suitable environment for the rapid adoption of affordable diesel pump tubewells, which in turn created vigorous water markets and expanded access to affordable irrigation water for smallholders. The combination of smallholder-centered revolutions, along with the ‘silent revolution in groundwater’ described by Llamas and Martinez-Santos (Water Sci Technol 51(8):167-174, 2005) provide new practical options for meeting the UN Millennium Development Goals on poverty and hunger by 2015.

  13. Assessing Tax Form Distribution Costs: A Proposed Method for Computing the Dollar Value of Tax Form Distribution in a Public Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casey, James B.

    1998-01-01

    Explains how a public library can compute the actual cost of distributing tax forms to the public by listing all direct and indirect costs and demonstrating the formulae and necessary computations. Supplies directions for calculating costs involved for all levels of staff as well as associated public relations efforts, space, and utility costs.…

  14. Making Sense of the Dollars: The Costs and Uses of Faculty Compensation. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 5, 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Kathryn M.; Amey, Marilyn J.

    This monograph takes a detailed look at higher education faculty compensation policies and the role of these policies in improving and preserving the professoriate and the higher education enterprise. A section on compensation structure examines key decision points involved in determining appropriate structures, collective bargaining agreements,…

  15. 38 CFR 3.42 - Compensation at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...; (E) Property tax bills and receipts; and (F) School records. (ii) A Post Office box mailing address... requirements. (The Office of Management and Budget has approved the information collection requirements in...

  16. 38 CFR 3.43 - Burial benefits at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) Property tax bills and receipts; and (F) School records. (ii) A Post Office box mailing address in the... States on the date of death. (Authority: 38 U.S.C. 107, 501(a)) (The Office of Management and Budget...

  17. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 1215 - Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION TRACKING AND DATA RELAY SATELLITE SYSTEM (TDRSS) Pt... for technical definition and development of operational and interface control documents. (Ref. § 1215... launch; Ref. § 1215.108(a)). Activity: Submit request for access to TDRSS. Upon preliminary acceptance...

  18. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 1215 - Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION TRACKING AND DATA RELAY SATELLITE SYSTEM (TDRSS) Pt..., return telemetry, or tracking, or any combination of these, the base rate is $184.00 per minute for...

  19. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 1215 - Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION TRACKING AND DATA RELAY SATELLITE SYSTEM (TDRSS) Pt..., return telemetry, or tracking, or any combination of these, the base rate is $184.00 per minute for...

  20. Dollars and Scholars. An Inquiry into the Impact of Faculty Income upon the Function and Future of the Academy. Final Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linnell, Robert H., Ed.

    The impact of faculty income on academe is examined in eight papers comprising the final summary report of the Ethical and Economic Issues Project of the University of Southern California. "Ethical and Economic Issues Facing Academe in a Rapidly Changing Society" (Robert H. Linnell) examines ethical dilemmas, faculty salaries, continuing…

  1. Dollars and Sense: Employer-Supported Child Care. A Study on Child Care Needs, and the Realities of Employer-Support.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Douglas, Jane I., Ed.

    This report briefly discusses present rationales, future prospects, and methods and procedures involved in employer support of child care. It is based on a study which was intended to test the feasibility of providing child care and youth programs, through a system design, for employees of resort hotels and the primary labor union involved with…

  2. Dollars and Sense: Improving the Determination of Child Support Obligations for Low-Income Mothers, Fathers and Children. Reaching Common Ground.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Entmacher, Joan

    The Common Ground Project brings together individuals who work with low-income mothers and fathers to develop and advance public policy recommendations on child support and interrelated welfare and family law issues that promote effective co-parenting relationships and ensure emotional and financial support for children. This report grew out of a…

  3. Moving from functions to benefits without dollars: Using non-monetary indicators for prioritizing wetland restoration with a flood risk reduction example

    EPA Science Inventory

    Wetlands functional assessments have gained traction as a means to compare wetlands on their ability to produce benefits for people. However, such assessments stop short of actually connecting wetland benefits to people. This means a wetland may be highly productive, yet have a c...

  4. 26 CFR 1.985-0 - Outline of regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... dollar. (d) Single functional currency for a foreign corporation. (e) Translation of nonfunctional...) Scope and effective date. (b) Statement of method. (c) Translation into United States dollars....

  5. 77 FR 62308 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Options Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing of Advance...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-12

    ... the New Facility from: JPMorgan, the administrative agent, euro administrative agent and collateral... Facility includes a tranche that may be drawn in dollars or euros and a dollar-only tranche. The aggregate... billion. The dollar equivalent of the total loans denominated in euros under the euro/dollar tranche...

  6. Follow the money: How the billions of dollars that flow from smokers in poor nations to companies in rich nations greatly exceed funding for global tobacco control and what might be done about it

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    The business of selling cigarettes is increasingly concentrated in the hands of five tobacco companies that collectively control almost 90% of the world's cigarette market, four of which are publicly traded corporations. The economic activities of these cigarette manufacturers can be monitored through their reports to shareholders and other public documents. Reports for 2008 show that the revenues of these five companies exceeded $300 billion, of which more than $160 billion was provided to governments as taxes, and that corporate earnings of the four publicly traded companies were over $25 billion, of which $14 billion was retained after corporate income taxes were paid. By contrast, funding for domestic and international tobacco control is not reliably reported. Estimated funding for global tobacco control in 2008, at $240 million, is significantly lower than resources provided to address other high-mortality global health challenges. Tobacco control has not yet benefited from the innovative finance mechanisms that are in place for HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. The Framework Convention On Tobacco Control (FCTC) process could be used to redirect some of the earnings from transnational tobacco sales to fund FCTC implementation or other global health efforts. PMID:20610436

  7. Making Dollars Follow Sense: Financing Early Childhood Mental Health Services To Promote Healthy Social and Emotional Development in Young Children. Promoting the Emotional Well-Being of Children and Families Policy Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Kay; Knitzer, Jane; Kaufmann, Roxane

    Drawing on lessons from six case studies, this policy paper highlights the most innovative approaches states and communities are currently using to finance preventive and early intervention services as well as more traditional treatment services for young children's mental health. The case studies are based on interviews with policy and program…

  8. Educational Assistance Overpayments, A Billion Dollar Problem--A Look at the Causes, Solutions, and Collection Efforts. Veterans Administration. Report to the Congress by the Comptroller General of the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comptroller General of the U.S., Washington, DC.

    Overpayments to veterans and veterans' dependents under the VA's educational assistance programs have increased dramatically in recent years; as of the end of 1975, cumulative overpayments totaled almost $1.4 billion. In fiscal year 1967, overpayments represented 0.7 percent of VA's total educational benefits paid, whereas in the first six months…

  9. Bogus Degrees and Unmet Expectations: Are Taxpayer Dollars Subsidizing Diploma Mills? Hearings before the Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Eighth Congress, Second Session (May 11 and 12, 2004) S. Hrg. 108-553

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Senate, 2004

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of these hearings was to explore the problems that unaccredited, substandard colleges and universities, often referred to as diploma mills, pose to the Federal Government and to private-sector employers. The schools examined during these hearings practice a sophisticated form of deception and they charge students accordingly. All of…

  10. The Marketability of Integrated Energy/Utility Systems: A Guide to the Dollar Savings Potential in Integrated Energy/Utility Systems; for Campuses, Medical Complexes, and Communities; Architect/Engineers, Industrial and Power Plant Owners; Suppliers; and Constructors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coxe, Edwin F.; Hill, David E.

    This publication acquaints the prospective marketplace with the potential and underlying logic of the Integrated Utility System (IUS) concept. This system holds promise for educational and medical institutions seeking to reduce their energy costs. The generic IUS concept is described and how it can be incorporated into existing heating and…

  11. Partners in Name Only? With the Department of Homeland Security Awarding Multimillion-Dollar Grants, Minority-Serving Institutions Are Positioning Themselves to Lead, Rather than Just Support Majority Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lum, Lydia

    2005-01-01

    When Jackson State University officials and their collaborators assembled a proposal for a $12 million social and behavioral research center to combat terrorism, they hoped Federal officials would give a nod of approval to what they believed was a high-value concept. The proposal, Featuring the predominantly White Mississippi State University as…

  12. Follow the money: how the billions of dollars that flow from smokers in poor nations to companies in rich nations greatly exceed funding for global tobacco control and what might be done about it.

    PubMed

    Callard, Cynthia

    2010-08-01

    The business of selling cigarettes is increasingly concentrated in the hands of five tobacco companies that collectively control almost 90% of the world's cigarette market, four of which are publicly traded corporations. The economic activities of these cigarette manufacturers can be monitored through their reports to shareholders and other public documents. Reports for 2008 show that the revenues of these five companies exceeded $300 billion, of which more than $160 billion was provided to governments as taxes, and that corporate earnings of the four publicly traded companies were over $25 billion, of which $14 billion was retained after corporate income taxes were paid. By contrast, funding for domestic and international tobacco control is not reliably reported. Estimated funding for global tobacco control in 2008, at $240 million, is significantly lower than resources provided to address other highmortality global health challenges. Tobacco control has not yet benefited from the innovative finance mechanisms that are in place for HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. The Framework Convention On Tobacco Control (FCTC) process could be used to redirect some of the earnings from transnational tobacco sales to fund FCTC implementation or other global health efforts. PMID:20610436

  13. 78 FR 10265 - Pricing for the 2013 Commemorative Coin Programs-Silver and Clad Coin Options

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-13

    ... announcing prices for the 2013 Girl Scouts of the USA Centennial Silver Dollar and the 2013 5-Star Generals... Centennial 50.95 55.95 Uncirculated Silver Dollar 2013 5-Star Generals Proof Silver Dollar 54.95 59.95 2013 5-Star Generals Uncirculated Silver 50.95 55.95 Dollar 2013 5-Star Generals Proof Half Dollar.. 17.95...

  14. Costs and benefits to industry of online literature searches

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jensen, R. J.; Asbury, H. O.; King, R. G.

    1980-01-01

    A description is given of a client survey conducted by the NASA Industrial Application Center, U.S.C., examining user-identified dollar costs and benefits of an online computerized literature search. Telephone interviews were conducted on a random sample of clients using a Denver Research Institute questionnaire. Of the total 159 clients surveyed, over 53% identified dollar benefits. A direct relationship between client dollars invested and benefits derived from the search was shown. The ratio of dollar benefit to investment dollar averaged 2.9 to 1. Precise data on the end user's evaluation of the dollar value of an information search are presented.

  15. Health System Measurement Project

    MedlinePlus

    ... string(86) "Dollars Invested in Pharmaceutical and Medicine Manufacturing Research and Development" ["field_data_field_order_field_ ... string(86) "Dollars Invested in Pharmaceutical and Medicine Manufacturing Research and Development" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string( ...

  16. 25 CFR 141.14 - Trade in livestock restricted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... the Commissioner in the amount of ten thousand dollars ($10,000). This paragraph does not require a person who has posted a bond of ten thousand dollars ($10,000) or more under other provisions of...

  17. 76 FR 31014 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Regulation Project

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-27

    ... Internal Revenue Service Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Regulation Project AGENCY: Internal... Dollar-Value LIFO Regulations; Inventory Price Index Computation Method. DATES: Written comments should... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Dollar-Value LIFO Regulations; Inventory Price Index Computation Method....

  18. 7 CFR 1425.10 - Financial ratio requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... commodities, CMA's shall have a current ratio of at least 1 dollar of current assets for each 1 dollar of current liabilities (current ratio of 1:1 or better) on the balance sheet it submits to CCC with...

  19. Preloading Professional Development to Ensure Potential Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradburn, Frances Bryant

    2004-01-01

    When a state makes the decision to award a small number of high-dollar grants, the stakes are considerable. For North Carolina's IMPACT Model School Grant applicants, professional development started long before a single dollar was ever awarded. In light of these conditions, the state decided to issue a high-dollar, highly prescriptive grant, the…

  20. 48 CFR 1519.202-5 - Data collection and reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., and information on actions and dollars made under small business set-asides shall be submitted by the... awards to small businesses made by set-aside; (5) Total actions and dollar value of small business awards made by set-asides, excluding set-asides for construction; (6) Total actions and dollar value of...

  1. 48 CFR 1519.202-5 - Data collection and reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., and information on actions and dollars made under small business set-asides shall be submitted by the... awards to small businesses made by set-aside; (5) Total actions and dollar value of small business awards made by set-asides, excluding set-asides for construction; (6) Total actions and dollar value of...

  2. 48 CFR 1519.202-5 - Data collection and reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., and information on actions and dollars made under small business set-asides shall be submitted by the... awards to small businesses made by set-aside; (5) Total actions and dollar value of small business awards made by set-asides, excluding set-asides for construction; (6) Total actions and dollar value of...

  3. 75 FR 4451 - Notification of United States Mint 2010 Commemorative Coin Pricing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-27

    ... announcing the prices of the 2010 American Veterans Disabled for Life Silver Dollar and the 2010 Boy Scouts of America Centennial Silver Dollar Programs. Public Laws 110-227 and 110-363 require the United... Silver Dollar Commemorative Coins, respectively. ] These coins will be offered in both proof...

  4. Costs and Benefits to Industry of Online Literature Searches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jensen, Rebecca J.; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Over 53 percent of 159 NASA-Small Business Administration clients and industrial clients, surveyed for dollar costs and benefits of online computerized literature searches, identified dollar benefits. A direct ratio between benefits derived and client dollars invested, averaging 2.9 to 1, was demonstrated. Data tables are presented. (Author/JD)

  5. 75 FR 9008 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-26

    ... the Maker Rebate for Transactions in Securities Priced Less Than $1 to 0.25% of the Dollar Value of... transactions in securities priced less than $1 to 0.25% of the dollar value of the transaction. The text of the... than $1 to 0.25% of the dollar value of the transaction. This increase would serve to attract...

  6. 48 CFR 1519.202-5 - Data collection and reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., and information on actions and dollars made under small business set-asides shall be submitted by the... awards to small businesses made by set-aside; (5) Total actions and dollar value of small business awards made by set-asides, excluding set-asides for construction; (6) Total actions and dollar value of...

  7. 25 CFR 286.8 - Priority criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... jobs to the total amount of dollars to be invested, including market value of materials and equipment... the total amount of dollars to be invested, including market value of materials or equipment... of dollars to be invested, including market value of materials and equipment contributed to...

  8. e-OneRoom Schoolhouse: Adapting to the "New Kids"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fishman, Eli

    2007-01-01

    K-12 education in the U.S. is costing one-half trillion dollars annually. In constant dollars, the amount spent per student has increased 600% in the last sixty years. Test scores, however, have remained flat. Political leaders are constantly clamoring for more education dollars, yet there is no clear direction on how the funds will be used…

  9. 13 CFR 125.2 - Prime contracting assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... anticipated dollar value exceeding the Simplified Acquisition Threshold (defined in the FAR at 48 CFR 2.101... or estimated dollar value of the proposed procurement would render small business prime contract... or estimated dollar value of the proposed procurement would render small business prime...

  10. 78 FR 23321 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Order Granting Approval of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-18

    ...\\ See Notice, supra note 3, 78 FR at 13718. Index Calculation and Maintenance As noted above, the Dollar... note 3, 78 FR at 13719. For options on the Dollar Index, the Exchange proposes to establish aggregate... the listing and trading of options on the Dollar Index.\\23\\ \\22\\ See Notice, supra note 3, 78 FR...

  11. Despite Downturn, Some Colleges Continue to Receive Major Gifts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shieh, David

    2009-01-01

    Twenty million dollars to Vanderbilt University for financial aid. Seventeen million dollars to Washington and Lee University for faculty programs. Ten million dollars to the State University of New York at Stony Brook for science research. This article reports that donations of such magnitude, all announced in December, may seem unlikely in the…

  12. Spending Smart: How To Budget and Finance. Making Sense of Your Budget Dollars; Success with Budget Proposals; Encumbering Grants: Managing the Money; Write a Grant? Me?; Using Microsoft[R] Excel To Plan and Budget in Your School Library; Charging Ahead; The No-Money Lottery; Coffee, Anyone?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernstein, Allison; Baule, Steve; Farmer, Lesley S. J.; Anderson, Cyndee; Barringer, Crystal; Buchanan, Peggy; Fullner, Sheryl Kindle; Knop, Kathi; Larson, Chris

    2002-01-01

    Includes eight articles that address issues related to budgeting and finances in secondary school libraries. Topics include limited budgets; budget proposals; administering grants; writing grants; using Microsoft's Excel software for budgeting; using credit cards for library purchases; offering prizes for donating books; and offering coffee and…

  13. 13 CFR 124.509 - What are non-8(a) business activity targets?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... following a reasonable marketing strategy, to attain the targeted dollar levels of non-8(a) revenue..., business development, financing, marketing, accounting, or proposal preparation. (5) SBA may...

  14. 13 CFR 124.509 - What are non-8(a) business activity targets?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... following a reasonable marketing strategy, to attain the targeted dollar levels of non-8(a) revenue..., business development, financing, marketing, accounting, or proposal preparation. (5) SBA may...

  15. 13 CFR 124.509 - What are non-8(a) business activity targets?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... reasonable marketing strategy, to attain the targeted dollar levels of non-8(a) revenue established in its..., business development, financing, marketing, accounting, or proposal preparation. (5) SBA may...

  16. 48 CFR 9904.401-60 - Illustrations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... one undifferentiated account. 6. Contractor estimates a single dollar amount for machining cost to cover labor, material and overhead 6. Contractor records separately the actual costs of machining...

  17. 48 CFR 1.603-2 - Selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... dollar value of the acquisitions to be assigned and the candidate's experience, training, education, business acumen, judgment, character, and reputation. Examples of selection criteria include—...

  18. 48 CFR 1.603-2 - Selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... dollar value of the acquisitions to be assigned and the candidate's experience, training, education, business acumen, judgment, character, and reputation. Examples of selection criteria include—...

  19. 48 CFR 1.603-2 - Selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... dollar value of the acquisitions to be assigned and the candidate's experience, training, education, business acumen, judgment, character, and reputation. Examples of selection criteria include—...

  20. 48 CFR 1.603-2 - Selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... dollar value of the acquisitions to be assigned and the candidate's experience, training, education, business acumen, judgment, character, and reputation. Examples of selection criteria include—...

  1. 48 CFR 1.603-2 - Selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... dollar value of the acquisitions to be assigned and the candidate's experience, training, education, business acumen, judgment, character, and reputation. Examples of selection criteria include—...

  2. New Advance in SuperConducting Materials

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2010-01-08

    Superconducting materials will transform the world's electrical infrastructure, saving billions of dollars once the technical details and installation are in place. At Los Alamos National Laborator...  

  3. Effects of experience on size discrimination and attitudes toward the Susan B. Anthony coin.

    PubMed

    Lupo, J; Nowaczyk, R H; Frey, J D

    1980-12-01

    Effects of experience with the Susan B. Anthony dollar on size discrimination and attitudes toward the coin were investigated. Those who used the coin for 4 wk. were quite accurate in discriminating its size visually while those without experience confused the size of the dollar coin with the size of the quarter. On a coin-selection task experienced subjects were no more accurate than inexperienced subjects but differed in type of error, confusing the dollar coin with the half-dollar coin more frequently. In contrast, the errors of inexperienced subjects were unsystematic. No attitudinal changes resulting from experience with the coin were found. PMID:7208231

  4. New Advance in SuperConducting Materials

    SciTech Connect

    2009-03-02

    Superconducting materials will transform the world's electrical infrastructure, saving billions of dollars once the technical details and installation are in place. At Los Alamos National Laborator...  

  5. Factors affecting carcass value and profitability in early-weaned Simmental steers: I. Five-year average pricing.

    PubMed

    Pyatt, N A; Berger, L L; Faulkner, D B; Walker, P M; Rodriguez-Zas, S L

    2005-12-01

    In a 4-yr study, early-weaned Simmental steers (n = 192) of known genetics were individually fed to determine genetic, performance, and carcass factors explaining variation in carcass value and profitability. Steers were weaned at 88.0 +/- 1.1 d of age and pen-fed a high-concentrate diet (108.99 dollars/t) for 84.5 +/- 0.4 d before allotment. Calves were implanted with Synovex C at weaning and successively with Synovex S (Fort Dodge Animal Health, Fort Dodge, IA) and Revalor S (Intervet, Inc., Millsboro, DE). Steers consumed a 90% concentrate diet (98.93 dollars/t), consisting primarily of coarse cracked corn and corn silage, for 249.7 +/- 0.7 d and slaughtered at 423.3 +/- 1.4 d of age. Five-year price data were collected for feedstuffs, dressed beef, and grid premiums, and discounts. Average dressed beef price was 110.67 dollars/45.4 kg. Premiums (dollars/45.4 kg) were given for Prime (5.62 dollars), Average Choice (1.50 dollars), and yield grades (YG) 1 (2.46 dollars), 2A (1.31 dollars), and 2B (1.11 dollars). Discounts (dollars/45.4 kg) were given for Standard (-16.85 dollars), Select (-8.90 dollars), and YG 3A (-0.12 dollars), 3B (-0.19 dollars), 4 (-14.16 dollars), and 5 (-19.56 dollars). Discounts were given for HCW extremes as well (409 to 431 kg, -0.64 dollars; 432 to 454 kg -11.39 dollars; > 454 kg, -19.71 dollars). Input costs included annual cow costs (327.77 dollars), veterinary/medical and labor (35 dollars per animal), feed markup (22 dollars/t), yardage (0.25 dollars/d per animal), and interest (10%). Dependent variables were carcass value and profit per steer. Independent variables were year, weaning weight EPD, yearling weight EPD, marbling EPD, DMI, ADG, G:F, HCW, calculated YG, and marbling score (MS). Carcass value was correlated (P < 0.05) with yearling weight and marbling EPD, DMI, ADG, feed efficiency, HCW, and MS. Carcass weight, MS, and YG accounted for nearly 80% of the variation in carcass value among steers, explaining 51, 10, and 8

  6. Economic analysis of sequestering carbon in green ash forests in the Lower Mississippi River Valley.

    PubMed

    Huang, Ching-Hsun; Kronrad, Gary D; Cheng, Shiaolin D

    2003-08-19

    Since the U.S. is the largest emitter of carbon dioxide (CO2), it has become crucial to develop options that are both cost effective and supportive of sustainable development to reduce atmospheric CO2. Electric utility companies have the options of reducing their use of fossil fuels, switching to alternative energy sources, increasing efficiency, or offsetting carbon emissions. This study determined the cost and profitability of sequestering carbon in green ash plantations, and the number of tons of carbon that can be sequestered. The profitability of green ash is 2,342 dollars and 3,645 dollars per acre on site indices (measurement of soil quality) 65 and 105 land, respectively, calculated with a 2.5% alternative rate of return (ARR). These figures shift to -248 dollars and -240 dollars calculated with a 15.0% ARR. If landowners who have an ARR of 2.5% can sell carbon credits for 10 dollars per ton of carbon, profits will increase by 107 dollars per acre on poor sites and 242 dollars on good sites. Over one rotation (cutting cycle), 38.56 net tons of carbon can be sequestered on an acre of poor quality land and 51.35 tons on good quality land. The cost of sequestering carbon, without including revenues from timber production and carbon credits, ranges from a high of 15.20 dollars per ton on poor sites to 14.41 dollars on good sites, calculated with a 2.5% ARR; to a high of 8.51 dollars per ton on poor sites to 7.63 dollars on good sites, calculated with a 15.0% ARR. The cost of storing carbon can be reduced significantly if the trees can be sold for wood products. PMID:12941973

  7. Cost-effectiveness analysis of treatments to reduce cholesterol levels, blood pressure and smoking for the prevention of coronary heart disease: evaluative study carried out in Spain.

    PubMed

    Plans-Rubió, P

    1998-05-01

    This study assessed the cost effectiveness of treatments for the primary prevention of coronary heart disease in Spain, which included smoking cessation and reductions in blood cholesterol levels and BP. Cost-effectiveness ratios (measured in terms of US dollars per life-year gained) ranged from 2,608 US dollars to 8,058 US dollars per life-year gained for therapies aimed at smoking cessation, from 7,061 US dollars to 126,990 US dollars per life-year gained for antihypertensive drug treatment, from 15,487 US dollars to 1,689,022 US dollars per life-year gained for the drug treatment of hypercholesterolaemia and from 12,792 US dollars to 149,246 US dollars per life-year gained for cholesterol-lowering diets. In individuals with blood cholesterol levels of 7.7 mmol/L, cost-effectiveness ratios of drug treatment ranged from 33,850 US dollars to 302,088 US dollars. Cost-effectiveness ratios were lower in men than in women for all programmes evaluated. Cost-effectiveness analysis of cholesterol-lowering drugs indicated that lovastatin (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor) was more cost effective than cholestyramine (bile acid sequestrant) and gemfibrozil (fibrate). Hydrochlorothiazide, propranolol and nifedipine were more cost effective antihypertensive treatments than prazosin and captopril. Cost-effectiveness ratios obtained in this study could be used to develop disease management strategies to facilitate the efficient use of healthcare resources and to reduce costs. When resources for coronary heart disease are limited, available treatments should be selected on the basis of their average and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios. PMID:17165328

  8. 77 FR 5073 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-01

    ... Regarding Listing and Trading of PHLX FOREX Options\\TM\\ January 26, 2012. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of... ] implement new Phlx Rules 1000C (Applicability of Rule 1000C Series-- PHLX FOREX Options\\TM\\) \\3\\; Rule 1001C... dollar, the New Zealand dollar, and the Euro.\\5\\ \\3\\ PHLX FOREX Options \\TM\\ is a trademark of NASDAQ...

  9. 5 CFR 1605.2 - Calculating, posting, and charging breakage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... will calculate breakage on late contributions, makeup agency contributions, and loan payments as... loan payment on the “as of” date is the breakage. (c) Posting contributions and loan payments. Makeup... dollar amount posted to the participant's account is greater than the dollar amount of the makeup or...

  10. 5 CFR 1605.2 - Calculating, posting, and charging breakage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... will calculate breakage on late contributions, makeup agency contributions, and loan payments as... loan payment on the “as of” date is the breakage. (c) Posting contributions and loan payments. Makeup... dollar amount posted to the participant's account is greater than the dollar amount of the makeup or...

  11. 5 CFR 1605.2 - Calculating, posting, and charging breakage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... will calculate breakage on late contributions, makeup agency contributions, and loan payments as... loan payment on the “as of” date is the breakage. (c) Posting contributions and loan payments. Makeup... dollar amount posted to the participant's account is greater than the dollar amount of the makeup or...

  12. 5 CFR 1605.2 - Calculating, posting, and charging breakage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... will calculate breakage on late contributions, makeup agency contributions, and loan payments as... loan payment on the “as of” date is the breakage. (c) Posting contributions and loan payments. Makeup... dollar amount posted to the participant's account is greater than the dollar amount of the makeup or...

  13. Students Partner with Business, Community, and State

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ussach, H. B.

    2004-01-01

    An effort to kick-start local education and to keep students learning and going to college came in 1958 when Fall River optometrist Irving Fradkin started a citizens-based scholarship fund to help ambitious but needy public school graduates pay college tuition and textbook costs. With literally a dollar contributed here and a dollar contributed…

  14. 76 FR 19741 - Exemption for Retail Store Operations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-08

    ... Inspection Service (FSIS) is announcing the dollar limitations on the amount of meat and meat food products... regulations, for calendar year 2011, the dollar limitation for meat and meat food products is being increased...., Washington, DC 20250-3700; telephone (202) 720-0345. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background The Federal...

  15. 75 FR 37378 - Exemption for Retail Store Operations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-29

    ... Inspection Service (FSIS) is announcing the dollar limitations on the amount of meat and meat food products... regulations, for calendar year 2010, the dollar limitation for meat and meat food products remains at $60,200...., Washington, DC 20250-3700; telephone (202) 720-0345. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background The Federal...

  16. Gore Was being Gore. For a real shocker, check out Pickens

    SciTech Connect

    2008-07-15

    T. Boone Pickens' plan is to generate by wind the 24% of U.S. electricity production now fueled by natural gas, and shift the natural gas to the transportation sector to reduce dependence on imported petroleum. The cost is roughly 1 trillion dollars, to be compared with an annual cost of 700 billion dollars for imported petroleum.

  17. American Opportunity Credit: Key to Education for Lower and Middle Income College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guerrero, Robin; Tiggeman, Theresa; Edmond, Tracie

    2011-01-01

    The Tax Relief Act of 1997 created an important tax provision which helped taxpayers offset the cost of higher education. This provision was in the form of education tax credits. Because a tax credit is a dollar for dollar reduction in tax liability, these education credits were designed to reduce the amount of tax due for college students or…

  18. Hunger U. S. A. Revisited. A Report by the Citizens' Board of Inquiry Into Hunger and Malnutrition in the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kramer, John

    The two basic family feeding programs are food stamps and commodity distribution. The current food stamp program provides the poor with spending power enough to purchase at the level of the Department of Agriculture's Economy Food Plan. The dollar equivalent of this plan is 112 dollars a month for a family of four. This amounts to an average per…

  19. 7 CFR 1170.7 - Reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., address, plant location(s), quantities sold, total sales dollars, dollars per pound, and the moisture....o.b. plant if the product is “shipped out” from the plant or f.o.b. storage facility location if the... 12 midnight of the previous Saturday, local time of the plant or storage facility where the sales...

  20. 7 CFR 1170.7 - Reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., address, plant location(s), quantities sold, total sales dollars, dollars per pound, and the moisture....o.b. plant if the product is “shipped out” from the plant or f.o.b. storage facility location if the... 12 midnight of the previous Saturday, local time of the plant or storage facility where the sales...

  1. SALMON RESTORATION: FORMULATING GOALS WITHIN A REALISTIC SCIENCE AND POLICY CONTEXT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Throughout the Pacific Northwest, since 1850, all wild salmon runs have declined and some have disappeared. Billions of dollars have been spent in a so-far failed attempt to reverse the long-term decline. Each year, hundreds of millions of dollars continue to be spent in variou...

  2. 78 FR 49975 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Landmark Legal Foundation; Petition for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ... be $23.80 dollars per metric ton by 2015. 77 FR 8555. That number rises to $38 dollars per metric ton... 1904- AC07, 78 FR 36316 (June 17, 2013) (``Microwave Final Rule'' or ``the Rule''). Specifically, LLF... for Microwave Ovens, Docket No. EERE 2011 BT STD 0048, RIN 1904 AC07, 78 FR 36316 (June 17,...

  3. 17 CFR 210.3-20 - Currency for financial statements of foreign private issuers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... not the U.S. dollar, dollar-equivalent financial statements or convenience translations shall not be presented, except a translation may be presented of the most recent fiscal year and any subsequent interim... average of the exchange rates during the period; and all translation effects of exchange rate...

  4. Bond Sales for Public School Purposes 1974-75.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barr, Richard H.

    This annual report presents data on bond elections and bond sales for financing the construction of public elementary and secondary school facilities. Data, summarized by state, are presented in tables and charts containing information on the number and dollar value of bond issues voted on and passed, and the number, dollar value, and net interest…

  5. Tennessee's High School Dropouts: Examining the Fiscal Consequences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Andrea, Christian

    2010-01-01

    High school dropouts adversely impact the state of Tennessee each year--financially and socially. Dropouts' lower incomes, high unemployment rates, increased need for medical care, and higher propensity for incarceration create a virtual vortex that consumes Tennesseans' tax dollars at a vicious rate. Hundreds of millions of dollars are spent on…

  6. Valuing Short-Term Study Abroad in Business

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loh, Chung-Ping A.; Steagall, Jeffrey W.; Gallo, Andres; Michelman, Jeffrey E.

    2011-01-01

    Short-term study abroad courses often claim to provide a unique experience for students, but it is not clear how the value translates into a dollar amount. The paper uses the contingent valuation method to assess participating students' pre- and post-trip perceived dollar value of their study abroad courses at an AACSB accredited business school.…

  7. Transforming School Funding: A Guide to Implementing Student-Based Budgeting (SBB)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenberg, David; Gordon, Jeff; Hsu, Betty

    2014-01-01

    Student-Based Budgeting (sometimes called Weighted Student Funding, or Fair Student Funding, depending on the district) differs fundamentally from the traditional funding model, which distributes resources to schools in the form of staff and dollars designated for specific purposes. Student-Based Budgeting (SBB) allocates dollars to schools based…

  8. U.S. Currency. A Perspective of Its Role Today.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Washington, DC.

    Designed for the general public and possibly suitable also for high school economics students, this pamphlet presents a brief overview of United States currency. Separate sections discuss the role of currency today, how the dollar has evolved, how the dollar got its name, laws concerning legal tender, types of currency in circulation, the meaning…

  9. Investigating Heuristic Evaluation: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldman, Kate Haley; Bendoly, Laura

    When museum professionals speak of evaluating a web site, they primarily mean formative evaluation, and by that they primarily mean testing the usability of the site. In the for-profit world, usability testing is a multi-million dollar industry, while non-profits often rely on far too few dollars to do too much. Hence, heuristic evaluation is one…

  10. Bauxite and alumina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bray, E.L.

    2010-01-01

    The article reports on the global market performance of bauxite and alumina in 2009 and presents an outlook for their 2010 performance. There were only several U.S. states that could produce bauxite and bauxitic clays including Georgia, Arkansas, and Alabama. The prices for imported refractory-grade calcined bauxite ranged between 426 U.S. dollars and 554 dollars per ton.

  11. 78 FR 75406 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-11

    ... (October 8, 2013), 78 FR 62751 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange.... (``Index Sponsor'') is the sponsor of the Bloomberg US Dollar Total Return Index (``Bloomberg USD TR Index'') and the Bloomberg Inverse US Dollar Total Return Index (``Bloomberg Inverse USD TR Index,'' each...

  12. 78 FR 48214 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Options Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-07

    ... Provisions of OCC's By-Laws and Rules to Certain U.S. Dollar-Settled Gold Futures Designed to Replicate...-Settled Gold Futures That Were Based on the Value of Gold in the Spot Market With an Additional Daily Cost... provisions of OCC's By-Laws and Rules to certain U.S. dollar-settled gold futures designed to...

  13. 78 FR 62719 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Options Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing of Advance...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-22

    ... lender, for the New Facility; J.P. Morgan Europe Limited (``JPM Europe''), the euro administrative agent... to OCC on request. The New Facility includes a tranche that may be drawn in dollars or euros and a... eligible collateral, is up to $2 billion. The dollar equivalent of the total loans denominated in...

  14. An assessment of the risk arising from electrical effects associated with carbon fibers released from commercial aircraft fires

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kalelkar, A. S.; Fiksel, J.; Rosenfield, D.; Richardson, D. L.; Hagopian, J.

    1980-01-01

    The risks associated with electrical effects arising from carbon fibers released from commercial aviation aircraft fires were estimated for 1993. The expected annual losses were estimated to be about $470 (1977 dollars) in 1993. The chances of total losses from electrical effects exceeding $100,000 (1977 dollars) in 1993 were established to be about one in ten thousand.

  15. Financing Schools for High Performance: Strategies for Improving the Use of Educational Resources. The Jossey-Bass Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odden, Allan; Busch, Carolyn

    This book presents ways in which school administrators can identify and redirect school funds to improve student performance. It quantifies the degree of overall financial inequality in the country using figures for all districts and shows how education dollars are currently spent, why these dollars are ineffectual, and how different and more…

  16. Significant Trends in Educational Finance 1080-85.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flanigan, Jack; And Others

    1992-01-01

    During the early eighties, state responsibility for funding public education increased along with the dollars allocated to public education. The more aggressive states benefited from the period's rapid economic expansion. In part, educational reform was advocated due to the relatively low cost in new tax dollars. A healthy economy seems necessary…

  17. 76 FR 47635 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX BX; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-05

    ... across all series of an options class; (b) Trades a specified absolute dollar value of contracts bought... absolute dollar value of the net position in a class between (i) calls purchased and sold, (ii) puts and... by Information Circular when the implementation schedule is finalized. The text of the proposed...

  18. The Top 10 Energy Wasters in K-12 Facilities (and What to Do about Them)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leathers, Dave

    2010-01-01

    Every year, K-12 facilities waste millions of dollars in excess energy consumption. Those dollars may take the form of lost heat through walls, windows, doors, and roofs. Or the villain may be poorly conceived or mismanaged control systems. Those excess funds that districts are sending to the local utility companies could be invested "at home" to…

  19. 32 CFR 538.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Definitions. 538.1 Section 538.1 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLAIMS AND ACCOUNTS MILITARY PAYMENT CERTIFICATES § 538.1 Definitions. (a) United States dollar instruments. For the purpose of this section, United States dollar instruments include...

  20. 17 CFR 270.10b-1 - Definition of regular broker or dealer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... of the ten brokers or dealers that received the greatest dollar amount of brokerage commissions by... most recent fiscal year; (b) One of the ten brokers or dealers that engaged as principal in the largest... year; or (c) One of the ten brokers or dealers that sold the largest dollar amount of securities of...

  1. Occupational Training in Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stromsdorfer, Ernst W.; Barclay, Suzanne

    A significant amount of on-the-job occupational training is occurring in the private sector, though the data on its extent and nature are extremely sketchy. Estimates of total economic costs in the 1974-75 period range from a crude measure of 100 billion dollars to one that is somewhat more reliable of about 40 to 50 billion dollars. Most of this…

  2. Quantification of Sclerotinia homoeocarpa overwintering in planta and detection in commercial seed

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Dollar spot is the most economically important disease of amenity turf grasses in the United States, yet little is known about the source of primary inoculum for this disease. With the exception of a few isolates from the United Kingdom, Sclerotinia homoeocarpa, the causal agent of dollar spot, does...

  3. Restructuring Resources for High-Performing Schools: A Primer for State Policymakers. Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miles, Karen Hawley; Baroody, Karen

    2011-01-01

    Billions of education dollars are trapped each year. At this time of continued budget shortfalls when every dollar spent on education must yield maximum returns in student outcomes--states are frequently tying the hands of districts. While funding adequacy and equity must remain a priority for states, ensuring that limited resources are used as…

  4. 75 FR 25075 - Notice of Funds Availability (NOFA) Inviting Applications for Biorefineries

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-06

    ... conditions of the guarantee of an identified loan. Loan-to-cost. The ratio of the dollar amount of a loan to... other factors as determined by USDA. Loan-to-value. The ratio of the dollar amount of a loan to the... typical operating year after the project is completed and stabilized. (1) A debt coverage ratio of 1.0...

  5. A decision support system for technology R&D planning: connecting the dots from information to innovation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, Jeffrey H.; Wertz, Julie; Weisbin, Charles

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes an information technology innovation developed to assist decision makers faced with complex R&D tasks. The decision support system (DSS) was developed and applied to the analysis of a 10-year, 700 million dollar technology program for the exploration of Mars. The technologies were to enable a 4.8 billion dollar portfolio of exploration flight missions to Mars.

  6. 26 CFR 1.415(d)-1 - Cost-of-living adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...)(A) dollar limitation pursuant to section 611(a)(1)(A) of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief... adjustments. (a) Defined benefit plans—(1) Dollar limitation—(i) Determination of adjusted limit. Under... benefit plans is adjusted annually to take into account increases in the cost of living. The adjustment...

  7. St. Cloud State University's Impact on the Local Economy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lange, Mark D.

    The economic impact of St. Cloud State University, Minnesota, on the local economy was studied. Using models developed by the American Council on Education, estimates were made of the dollar outlays by the local economic sectors that are associated with or influenced by the university. The focus is the measurable impacts, in dollar terms, of the…

  8. SCIENCE, POLICY, AND PACIFIC NORTHWEST SALMON RECOVERY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Throughout the Pacific Northwest, since 1850, all wild salmon runs have declined and some have disappeared. Billions of dollars have been spent in a so-far failed attempt to reverse the long-term decline. Each year, hundreds of millions of dollars continue to be spent in variou...

  9. SCIENCE, POLITICS, AND PACIFIC NORTHWEST SALMON RECOVERY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Throughout the Pacific Northwest, since 1850, all wild salmon runs have declined and some have disappeared. Billions of dollars have been spent in a so-far failed attempt to reverse the long-term decline. Each year, hundreds of millions of dollars continue to be spent in variou...

  10. 26 CFR 1.988-1 - Certain definitions and special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... for the production of interest or dividends; (D) No more than a de minimis amount of the gross income... a U.S. citizen who therefore has the U.S. dollar as his functional currency. On January 1, 1990, X... meet the requirements of section 212. Example 2. X is a U.S. citizen who therefore has the dollar...

  11. Effects on Funding Equity of the Arizona Tax Credit Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Glen Y.

    2000-01-01

    Examined the results from the first year (1998) of the Arizona Education Tax Credit program, a law that allows individuals a dollar-for-dollar credit up to $500 for donations to private schools and a credit up to $200 for donations to public schools. Concludes that the credit increases educational inequity in Arizona, where those who are well off…

  12. College Faculty Salary Shrinkage, 1967-1979.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston, C. A.

    The methodology is provided for individual faculty members, colleges, and/or college systems to examine past and present faculty salaries or salary ranges in terms of constant dollars adjusted for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The procedure for calculating present salaries in terms of constant dollars is cited as follows: (1) graph nominal…

  13. Giving Summer Jobs a New Dimension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barzelay, Ross

    1970-01-01

    Operation Opportunity was a demonstration project sponsored by General Foods to hire disadvantaged high school students for summer jobs and to hold in escrow one dollar for every dollar earned for future education or vocational training at any approved institution. (BC)

  14. 34 CFR 692.60 - What must a State do to receive an allotment under the SLEAP Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION LEVERAGING EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM Special Leveraging Educational Assistance Partnership Program How Does A State Apply to... represent dollars that are in excess of the total dollars that a State spent for need-based...

  15. 78 FR 62787 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-22

    ... account for negative zero rates that Singapore dollar Swap Offer Rate (SOR) has experienced, CME will... historical inputs. In August 2011, the Singapore Dollar Swap Offer Rate (``SOR'') turned negative due to... environments. The proposed change will solve for the negative SOR inputs from the August 2011 timeframe....

  16. 12 CFR 615.5140 - Eligible investments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Table. These investments must be denominated in United States dollars. ER28MY99.004 ER28MY99.005 (b... Investment Eligibility Criteria Table. These investments must be denominated in United States dollars. Investment Eligibility Criteria Table Asset class Final maturity limit NRSRO Credit rating Other...

  17. 26 CFR 1.401(a)(4)-3 - Nondiscrimination in amount of employer-provided benefits under a defined benefit plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... this section provides rules for determining compensation for purposes of applying the requirements of... the same percentage of average annual compensation or the same dollar amount for all employees who... be the same percentage of average annual compensation or the same dollar amount that would be...

  18. 7 CFR 1485.25 - Failure to make required contribution.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... contribution. A MAP Participant's required contribution will be specified in the approval letter. If the MAP Participant's required contribution is specified as a dollar amount and the MAP Participant does not make the required contribution, the MAP Participant shall pay to CCC in dollars the difference between the...

  19. Size Matters: A Look at School-District Consolidation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boser, Ulrich

    2013-01-01

    When it comes to education, not all spending is equal. Some education dollars are spent more productively than others. In a time of lagging revenues and flat achievement in many districts, policymakers have increasingly started to pay greater attention to the question of whether education systems are getting the most out of every education dollar.…

  20. Food Costs...From Farm to Retail.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunham, Denis

    This report focuses on food costs for 1985. Some of the information included in the report includes an analysis of food cost trends, percentages of the food dollar that goes to the farmer, and how much of the food dollar goes to food processors and marketers. Some of the highlights of the study are the following: (1) food prices rose slowly in…