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Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

50 CFR 679.26 - Prohibited Species Donation Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Prohibited Species Donation Program. 679.26 Section...679.26 Prohibited Species Donation Program. (a) Authorized...NMFS PROHIBITED SPECIES DONATION PROGRAM - NOT FOR SALE - PERISHABLE...65 FR 78121, Dec. 14, 2000; 66 FR 53122, Oct....

2009-10-01

2

50 CFR 679.26 - Prohibited Species Donation Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Prohibited Species Donation Program. 679.26 Section...679.26 Prohibited Species Donation Program. (a) Authorized...NMFS PROHIBITED SPECIES DONATION PROGRAM - NOT FOR SALE - PERISHABLE...65 FR 78121, Dec. 14, 2000; 66 FR 53122, Oct....

2013-10-01

3

50 CFR 679.26 - Prohibited Species Donation Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Prohibited Species Donation Program. 679.26 Section...679.26 Prohibited Species Donation Program. (a) Authorized...NMFS PROHIBITED SPECIES DONATION PROGRAM - NOT FOR SALE - PERISHABLE...65 FR 78121, Dec. 14, 2000; 66 FR 53122, Oct....

2010-10-01

4

Wisconsin's Donated Food Distribution Program Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook describes the following aspects of the operation of the U.S. Department of Agriculture Donated Food Distribution Program in Wisconsin: (1) who can participate; (2) how Wisconsin gets commodities; (3) what types of commodities are available; (4) distribution and billing procedures; (5) commodity storage; (6) commodity processing; (7)…

Wisconsin State Dept. of Public Instruction, Madison. Bureau for Food and Nutrition Services.

5

ETPOD (European Training Program on Organ Donation): a successful training program to improve organ donation.  

PubMed

Advanced training of healthcare professionals active in organ donation is highlighted as a major means to overcome organ shortage. The objective of this study was to improve donation rates in the selected European target areas (TAs) by providing an advanced training program. A prospective intervention study was conducted in 25 TAs with active donor programs from 17 European countries, between 2007 and 2009. A training program based on collaborative methodology was designed at three different professional levels (health workers awareness, junior transplant coordinators, managers). Courses evaluation scores and donation figures in each TA were collected and compared before and after intervention. Courses with new developed training tools were implemented reaching out 3286 healthcare professionals. Feed-back questionnaires revealed a high degree of satisfaction among participants (average of 4.35 on a 1-5 scale). The number of utilized donors in the TAs increased from 15.7 ± 14.3 (95% CI: 9.8-21.6) to 20.0 ± 17.1 (95% CI: 13-27.1) (P = 0.014) and the number of organs recovered increased from 49.7 ± 48.5 (95% CI: 29.6-69.7) to 59.3 ± 52.1 (95% CI: 37.8-80.8) (P = 0.044). The European Training Program on Organ Donation is a successful training program, achieving a significant increase in organ donation figures. PMID:23279320

Manyalich, Marti; Guasch, Xavier; Paez, Gloria; Valero, Ricard; Istrate, Melania

2013-04-01

6

The national program for deceased organ donation in China.  

PubMed

China has developed a new national program for deceased-organ donation to address the need for organ transplantation in the country. The program adheres to the World Health Organization (WHO) guiding principles, is compliant with the Declaration of Istanbul, and respects the cultural and social values of the Chinese people. The experience of pilot trials conducted between 2010 and 2012 was evaluated to generate a comprehensive design of a national program of organ donation and transplantation for implementation throughout China. The legal framework for this program was established from a series of legislative steps since 2007. Accountable national committees have been established to oversee activities of organ donation and transplantation across the nation. The Ministry of Health (MOH) has accredited 164 organ transplant hospitals in China, each of which has an organ procurement organization (OPO) to conduct organ donation and organ recovery. National protocols for deceased-organ donation in China include category I (organ donation after brain death), category II (organ donation after circulatory death), and category III (organ donation after brain death followed by circulatory death). The China Organ Transplant Response System (COTRS) has been developed to allocate organs equitably and transparently. Scientific registries have been established to evaluate the performance of transplant centers and OPOs. China is in the process of implementing a new national program for deceased-organ donation. The program includes a unique approach of organ donation, China category III, which will be promulgated throughout China and is intended to gain widespread acceptance of Chinese society. PMID:23743728

Huang, Jiefu; Wang, Haibo; Fan, Sheung Tat; Zhao, Baige; Zhang, Zongjiu; Hao, Lina; Huo, Feng; Liu, Yongfeng

2013-07-15

7

76 FR 7546 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Prohibited Species Donation (PSD) Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Request; Prohibited Species Donation (PSD) Program AGENCY: National...Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. DATES: Written comments...collection. A prohibited species donation (PSD) program for Pacific...plants participating in the donation program voluntarily...

2011-02-10

8

Attitudes of Christians and Muslims to an Oocyte Donation Program in Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are still controversial attitudes regarding oocyte donation (OD) programs. The aim of this descriptive study was to evaluate the opinions of Christians and Muslims regarding an OD program in Iran. 200 adults were randomly assigned to fill out the questionnaires. Part I contained demographic information, and Part II contained 20 questions to reveal their knowledge and attitudes about OD.

Mete Isikoglu; Mohammad A. Khalili

9

Statistics (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... of Mathematical Sciences Statistics Description The Statistics Program supports research for ... robust methods, experimental design, spatial statistics, resampling methods, and the analysis of ...

10

Physical Oceanography (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... of Ocean Sciences Physical Oceanography Description The Physical Oceanography Program supports ... various quantities, with the way the ocean's physical structure interacts with the biological and ...

11

76 FR 40336 - Fisheries of the Exclusive Economic Zone Off Alaska; Prohibited Species Donation Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...authorize a salmon donation program and were approved...38358). The salmon donation program was expanded...program of December 31, 2000, the halibut PSD program...Register on December 14, 2000 (65 FR 78119). A full...where salmon and halibut donations will take place....

2011-07-08

12

7 CFR 240.3 - Cash in lieu of donated foods for program schools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...lieu of donated foods for program schools. 240.3 Section 240.3 Agriculture...Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...lieu of donated foods for program schools. (a) Not later than June 1...

2014-01-01

13

Higher Education Program Descriptions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A compilation of descriptions of graduate programs in the field of higher education is presented as prepared by the ASHE Committee on Curriculum, Instruction and Learning. The report is based on a survey of the 92 directors of masters and doctoral programs in higher education in the United States and Canada. For each of 65 respondents, one-page…

Nelson, Glenn M., Comp.; Crosson, Patricia H., Comp.

14

Programming Language Description Languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Since the middle of the twentieth century, hundreds of programming languages have been designed and implemented – and new\\u000a ones are continually emerging. The syntax of a programming language can usually be described quite precisely and efficiently\\u000a using formal grammars. However, the formal description of its semantics is much more challenging. Language designers, implementers\\u000a and programmers commonly regard formal semantic

Peter D. Mosses

15

Oocyte donation program: initial experiences at Southeastern Fertility Institute.  

PubMed

From March 1994 to February 1996, 28 infertile couples participated in the oocyte donation program in 33 treatment cycles at the Southeastern Fertility Institute. Of the 31 cycles with embryo transfer, 15 cycles (48.4 percent) resulted in a clinical pregnancy with fetal heart beat by ultrasound. The spontaneous first trimester abortion rate was 3/15 (20 percent), multiple pregnancy rate 3/15 (20 percent), live birth rate 11/15 (73.3 percent) and delivery rate 12/15 (80 percent). It is recommended that oocyte donation procedure is a highly successful treatment option for women with ovarian failure or repeated unsuccessful trials of assisted reproductive technologies. PMID:9394084

Tsai, C C; Xu, W L; Edwards, A H; Master, L S; Patton, G W; Holtz, G

1997-11-01

16

An overview of the roles and responsibilities of Chinese medical colleges in body donation programs.  

PubMed

The use of human tissue is critical for gross anatomy education in the health professions. Chinese medical colleges have faced a shortage of anatomical specimens over the past decade. While body donation plays an important role in overcoming this gap, this practice has only recently been introduced in China, and the donation rate is relatively low and fraught with a number of difficulties. In the past, traditional Chinese culture focused on preserving the human body intact, which often limited body donation. In recent years, the public has become more open toward body donation. At Nanjing Medical University, only 20 bodies were donated in 2001. After the university became involved in an organized body donation program, this number increased to 70 donated bodies per year (2007 to 2012). This article describes and reviews Chinese medical colleges as a special case study among body donation programs, particularly in terms of the multiple responsibilities and roles that such institutions must assume in the course of adopting these programs. Medical colleges in China must serve as advocates, coordinators, builders, managers, educators, and beneficiaries in undertaking body donation programs. It is important for medical colleges to recognize these pluripotent roles and educate the public in order to promote body donation programs. This case study may also effectively guide and encourage Chinese medical colleges in refining their own body donation programs in the future. Anat Sci Educ 7: 312-320. © 2013 American Association of Anatomists. PMID:24227762

Zhang, Luqing; Xiao, Ming; Gu, Mufeng; Zhang, Yongjie; Jin, Jianliang; Ding, Jiong

2014-07-01

17

Successful expansion of the living donor pool by alternative living donation programs.  

PubMed

Between January 2000 and December 2007, 786 potential recipients and 1059 potential donors attended our pretransplant unit with the request for a living-donor renal transplant procedure. The recipients brought one potential donor in 77.2% and two or more donors in 22.8% of cases. In the regular living donor program, a compatible donor was found for 467 recipients. Without considering alternative donation, 579 donors would have been refused. Alternative living donation programs led to 114 compatible combinations: kidney-exchange program (35), ABO-incompatible donation (25), anonymous donation (37) and domino-paired anonymous donation (17). Together, the 114 alternative program donations and the 467 regular living donations led to 581 living donor transplantations (24.4% increase). Eventually for 54.9% (581/1059) of our donors, a compatible combination was found. Donor-recipient incompatibility comprised 19.4% (89/458) in the final refused population, which is 8.8% of the potential donor-recipient couples. Without considering alternative donation, 30.1% (174/579) of the refused donors would have been refused on incompatibility and 6.4% (37/579) because they were anonymous. This is 20% of the potential donor population (211/1059). The implementation of alternative living donation programs led to a significant increase in the number of transplantations, while transplantations via the direct donation program steadily increased. PMID:19624564

Roodnat, J I; Kal-van Gestel, J A; Zuidema, W; van Noord, M A A; van de Wetering, J; IJzermans, J N M; Weimar, W

2009-09-01

18

Organ donation and transplantation as health programs in Italy.  

PubMed

Organ and tissue donation and transplantation have a role in public health programs as organizational projects designed by public health departments to increase the quality and number of donations and transplantations. These programs serve as communication projects to inform public opinion on cerebral death, organ and tissue shortages, procurement and allocation rules, and the quality of life of transplanted patients. The health department of Emilia-Romagna created a regional law and a multimedia communication program for these purposes, resulting in a 95% increase of cadaver donor in 4 years. In 1995, regional activity reached the European mean level and afterwards surpassed it. In 1997, the bone bank was activated, followed in 1998 by the heart valve and vascular segment bank. The regional health department now considers transplant activities a primary goal; human and professional relations between intensive care units and the transplant reference center are considered crucial; cooperation among health departments, medical teams involved in organ procurement and transplant activities has been fostered, and the local coordination network has been active and efficient. The public information campaign has proven important in providing information both to professionals and citizens. PMID:10941329

Venturoli, N; Venturi, S; Taddei, S; Ridolfi, L; Pugliese, M R; Petrini, F; Monti, M; Costa, A N; Martinelli, G

2000-03-01

19

Quality Management of Body Donation Program at the University of Padova  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality management improvement has become a recent focus of attention in medical education. The program for the donation of bodies and body parts (Body Donation Program) at the University of Padova has recently been subjected to a global quality management standard, the ISO 9001:2008 certification. The aim of the present work is to show how the…

Porzionato, Andrea; Macchi, Veronica; Stecco, Carla; Mazzi, Anna; Rambaldo, Anna; Sarasin, Gloria; Parenti, Anna; Scipioni, Antonio; De Caro, Raffaele

2012-01-01

20

Magnetospheric Physics (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Magnetospheric Physics Description Supports research on the magnetized plasma envelope of the ... and waves and instabilities in the natural plasma. Also supported are ground-based observational ...

21

Computational Mathematics (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Description Supports research in algorithms, numerical, and symbolic methods, and research in all ... computational techniques from modeling and algorithm development through implementation are ...

22

Current approaches in national kidney paired donation programs.  

PubMed

Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage renal disease. While living donors provide anywhere from a small to a large fraction of kidneys for transplantation in different countries, at least one-third of these donors are incompatible with their potential recipients. To overcome these challenges, kidney paired donation (KPD) programs have been established that organize donor exchanges to find matches among the pool of incompatible pairs. Each program has developed its own features to accommodate local needs. Reasons for participating in KPD include blood group incompatibility, sensitization of the recipient against the donor, and the potential for improvement in transplant quality (e.g., age difference or graft size), and tissue compatibility. KPD programs use sophisticated algorithms to find matches among the pool of donor-recipient pairs to create simultaneous 2-way, 3-way, or 4-way exchanges or more complex non-simultaneous chains of transplants. These KPD allocation systems should be medically sound and ethically acceptable according to the principles of equity, utility, and justice. The variety of possible exchanges provided by these algorithms allows for maximizing the number of transplants, increasing the quality of transplants, and accommodating patients who are difficult to match. In this review, we describe several examples of successful KPD programs with diverse organizational approaches. By highlighting the strategies used by these programs to meet the needs of their patient populations, we aim to inspire improvements in existing programs and to provide a framework for expanding KPD to better serve international transplant communities. PMID:23792511

Mierzejewska, Beata; Durlik, Magdalena; Lisik, Wojciech; Baum, Caitlin; Schroder, Paul; Kopke, Jonathan; Rees, Michael; Stepkowski, Stanislaw

2013-01-01

23

Ocean Drilling Program (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... FOR GEOSCIENCES (GEO) OCEAN SCIENCES (OCE) Ocean Drilling Program The Ocean Drilling Program (ODP ... scale, the Earth's crust beneath the ocean in order to learn more about the composition, structure ...

24

Chemical Oceanography (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Contact Donald Rice Program Director Rm. 725 N Phone: (703) 292-8582, Fax: (703) 292-9085, Email ... Program Director Rm. 725 N Phone: (703) 292-8582, Fax: (703) 292-9085, Email: flipschu@nsf.gov ...

25

Paleoclimate (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Program. Researchers are strongly advised to contact the Director of the Paleoclimate Program for ... and Links | Privacy | FOIA | Help | Contact NSF | Contact Web Master | SiteMap The National ...

26

Perceptions, Knowledge, Incentives, and Barriers of Brain Donation among African American Elders Enrolled in an Alzheimer's Research Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To learn about African American older adults' knowledge and perceptions of brain donation, factors that relate to participating or not participating in a brain donation research program, and methods to increase African American brain donation commitment rates in the context of an Alzheimer's disease (AD) research program. Design and…

Lambe, Susan; Cantwell, Nicole; Islam, Fareesa; Horvath, Kathy; Jefferson, Angela L.

2011-01-01

27

Foundations (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

The program in Foundations supports research in mathematical logic and the foundations of mathematics, including proof theory, recursion theory, model theory, set theory, and infinitary combinatorics. Standard eligibility criteria as defined in the Grant Proposal Guide apply to this program. This program adheres to the budget definition and preparation instructions described in the Grant Proposal Guide and has no additional requirements or limitations.

28

School Lunch Program: Evaluation of Alternatives to Commodity Donations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

GAO examined the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) demonstration project, which tested the distribution of cash payments and commodity letters of credit (CLOC), in lieu of donated USDA commodities (foods), at selected school districts participating ...

1987-01-01

29

Ecosystem Science (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... ocean habitats are reviewed by the Biological Oceanography Program in the Division of Ocean Sciences ... lakes, prairies, various forests, alpine and Arctic tundra, urban areas and production agriculture ...

30

Economics (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... SBE) SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC SCIENCES (SES) Economics The Program strengthens both empirical and ... economics, labor economics, public finance, macroeconomics, and mathematical economics. Target Dates ...

31

Aeronomy (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... The Aeronomy program supports research on upper and middle atmosphere phenomena of ionization ... that provided a framework for developing upper atmospheric research in the United States through an ...

32

Sociology (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC SCIENCES (SES) Sociology The Sociology Program supports research on problems ... socialization, gender roles, and the sociology of science and technology. In assessing the intrinsic ...

33

Biological Oceanography (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Program supports research in marine ecology broadly defined - relationships among marine organisms ... ecology; behavioral, reproductive and life-history ecology; physiological and chemical ecology; and ...

34

Solar Terrestrial (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... environment. Major topics include space weather impacts, helioseismology, the solar dynamo, the ... Research in Support of the National Space Weather Program Solar, Heliospheric, and INterplanetary ...

35

Probability (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

Standard eligibility criteria as defined in the Grant Proposal Guide apply to this program. This program adheres to the budget definition and preparation instructions described in the Grant Proposal Guide and has no additional requirements or limitations. Award Conditions: Standard NSF award conditions apply.

36

Topology (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

Standard eligibility criteria as defined in the Grant Proposal Guide apply to this program. This program adheres to the budget definition and preparation instructions described in the Grant Proposal Guide and has no additional requirements or limitations. Award Conditions: Standard NSF award conditions apply.

37

Linguistics (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... research of all types that focus on human language as an object of investigation. The program ... languages and of language in general; the psychological processes involved in the use of language ...

38

Social Psychology (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Program at NSF supports basic research on human social behavior, including cultural differences and ... merit of a proposal depends on four important factors: (1) The problems investigated must be ...

39

Radioluminescent lighting program description  

SciTech Connect

For more than 30 years the Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor agencies have conducted research and development aimed at beneficial uses of products derived from its nuclear activities. An important and promising element of radiation technology is the Program for Radioluminescent (RL) development. For years simple RL devices, such as aircraft exit signs, have served necessary functions in society. Electrons exciting phosphors and producing light is a fundamental concept to which the layman can immediately relate, while gaining a balanced perspective concerning risk and safety. DOE`s RL lighting development program has advanced the technology with infrared RL markers for helipads which are not detectable without the aid of special viewers. These devices were used to aid in the evacuation of wounded from Grenada. Visible RL airfield lighting has been used to promote aviation safety in remote Eskimo communities in Alaska, and non-electric taxiway signs and markers in the corrosive saline soils of Florida airports. The current plan is to consolidate past accomplishments and develop RL devices and systems using advanced technology for new applications. The potential for improved performance that solid-matrix RL techniques offer has stimulated interest in a variety of innovative applications for which electric lighting has long been the only practical alternative. The program described in this document is intended to provide for an optimum development and application of RL technology while supporting the transfer of this technology to the private sector and providing an institutional perspective from which the longer range applications and ramifications of this technology can be anticipated.

NONE

1987-11-01

40

Quality management of Body Donation Program at the University of Padova.  

PubMed

Quality management improvement has become a recent focus of attention in medical education. The program for the donation of bodies and body parts (Body Donation Program) at the University of Padova has recently been subjected to a global quality management standard, the ISO 9001:2008 certification. The aim of the present work is to show how the above standard is useful in enhancing the efficiency of body donation procedures and the quality and output of medical education. The program is managed by means of the following interlinked procedures: the collection of body donations, death certificates, data, and body parts from living donors; the transportation and identification of cadavers; the management of bodies, body parts, equipment, instruments, purchasing of necessary materials, and setting up anatomical training sessions; the management of preventive and corrective actions; the management of documents and registration; the management of internal and external quality audits; and the review of outcomes and improvement planning. Monitoring indicators are identified in the numbers of donors and of donated body parts per year, education sessions, and satisfaction of learners and donors, as evaluated by questionnaires. The process management approach, the integrated involvement of medical, technical, and administrative staff in defining procedures, and the application of monitoring indicators allow quality improvement in all aspects of the Body Donation Program. PMID:22573575

Porzionato, Andrea; Macchi, Veronica; Stecco, Carla; Mazzi, Anna; Rambaldo, Anna; Sarasin, Gloria; Parenti, Anna; Scipioni, Antonio; De Caro, Raffaele

2012-01-01

41

Financing a Voucher Program for Cocaine Abusers through Community Donations in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzed the viability of financing a voucher program for cocaine addicts in Spain through public and private donations. Of the 136 companies contacted, 52 (38%) provided donations. The difference between the benefits (15,670[euros]/$20,371) and the costs (3,734[euros]/$4,854) was 11,936[euros]/$15,517. The type of reinforcer a company…

Garcia-Rodriguez; Olaya; Secades-Villa, Roberto; Higgins, Stephen T.; Fernandez-Hermida, Jose R.; Carballo, Jose L.

2008-01-01

42

GROUNDWATER PROTECTION MANAGEMENT PROGRAM DESCRIPTION.  

SciTech Connect

THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ORDER 5400.1, GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PROGRAM, REQUIRES THE DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A GROUNDWATER PROTECTION PROGRAM. THE BNL GROUNDWATER PROTECTION MANAGEMENT PROGRAM DESCRIPTION PROVIDES AN OVERVIEW OF HOW THE LABORATORY ENSURES THAT PLANS FOR GROUNDWATER PROTECTION, MONITORING, AND RESTORATION ARE FULLY DEFINED, INTEGRATED, AND MANAGED IN A COST EFFECTIVE MANNER THAT IS CONSISTENT WITH FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL REGULATIONS.

PAQUETTE,D.E.; BENNETT,D.B.; DORSCH,W.R.; GOODE,G.A.; LEE,R.J.; KLAUS,K.; HOWE,R.F.; GEIGER,K.

2002-05-31

43

Development of a culturally relevant educational program for organ donation in the African American community  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this project, an educational program was created to raise cultural awareness about the need for organ donation among African Americans. Effectiveness of the program was evaluated by African American male and female pastors. Ratings were grouped and analyzed by gender; differences were not statistically significant. Both groups affirmed value in the program's capacity to facilitate family discussions about organ

Antoinette Morton

2006-01-01

44

40 CFR 123.22 - Program description.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Program description. 123.22 Section 123.22 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...STATE PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS State Program Submissions § 123.22 Program description. Any State that...

2013-07-01

45

34 CFR 675.44 - Program description.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL WORK-STUDY PROGRAMS Work-Colleges Program § 675.44 Program description...Work-Colleges program to provide flexibility in strengthening the self-help-through-work element in financial aid...

2013-07-01

46

Benchmarking performance in organ donation programs: Dependence on demographics and mortality rates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  Donors whose diagnosis of death is based upon neurologic criteria are the primary source of organs for human transplantation.\\u000a The current measure of effectiveness of organ donation programs is the crude statistic, donors per million population (DPMP).\\u000a This statistic represents the number of available donors, divided by the potential donor population. Comparisons between transplantation\\u000a programs are done using the DPMP

Lianne Barnieh; David Baxter; Paul Boiteau; Braden Manns; Christopher Doig

2006-01-01

47

Embryo donation programs and policies in North America: survey results and implications for health and mental health professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To use survey results from Society of Assisted Reproductive Technology to describe program policies regarding embryo donation, report protocols used for the disposition of cryopreserved embryos, and discuss clarification of guidelines governing ethical and psychosocially informed embryo donation.Method(s): A 66-item questionnaire was sent to the 312 Society of Assisted Reproductive Technology programs, generating 108 responses.Result(s): Seventy-eight (72%) of 108

Sheryl A Kingsberg; Linda D Applegarth; Jeffrey W Janata

2000-01-01

48

Office of Special Programs (MPS/DMR) Program Description  

NSF Publications Database

... Materials Research Office of Special Programs Description DMR's Office of Special Programs ... such as the Office of International Science and Engineering and the MPS Office for Multidisciplinary ...

49

CANGEO program description and user's instruction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a report for the description and user's instruction of CANGEO (CANdu GEOmetry) program. CANGEO program is able to generate the geometry input for thermalhydraulic subchannel analysis of CANDU fuel channel. It is developed for the calculation of su...

J. H. Park J. Jun H. Suk D. Hwang Y. Yoo

1997-01-01

50

15 CFR 290.3 - Program description.  

... NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL...CENTERS FOR THE TRANSFER OF MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY § 290.3 Program description...Centers for the Transfer of Manufacturing Technology. Each Center shall be...

2014-01-01

51

Donating Blood  

MedlinePLUS

... can give blood every 56 days. Before Donating Blood donation starts before you walk in the door of ... regenerate the red blood cells lost during a blood donation. An iron-fortified diet plus daily iron tablets ...

52

UHMLE: Program description user guide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A program which computes maximum likelihood estimates for the general normal mixture is introduced. The program allows the user to fix any subsets of the mixture parameters; this fixed set may be redefined at various times in the iteration process. There is considerable time saved in computing the likelihoods if the diagonal form is specified. Hence, in the early iterations the diagonal assumption might be used, changing over to the full covariance mode later in the iteration process for a more refined solution. This flexibility allows the user to choose the sequence of parameter configurations in the iteration process which he feels will optimize the computation time required as well as possibly avoid convergence to suboptimal local maxima of the likelihood function.

Cobely, W. A.; Wiginton, C. L.

1975-01-01

53

[Obtaining corneas by donation].  

PubMed

The cadaveric donation is not a programmed event. In the critical areas where exist a potential donating patient of organs and tissues initiate a cascade of actions in which medical, legal and social aspects are involved. The Program of Obtaining-Transplant organs and tissues began in 2004 with the creation of the Department of Coordination Donation for the training of personnel to lead this process. The diffusion of strategies used in these processes is the aim of this publication, as well as to describe the current difficulties to achieve an improvement in donation according to needs. PMID:21192893

Querevalú-Murillo, Walter Adolfo

2010-01-01

54

A Tale of Two Cities: Financing Two Voucher Programs for Substance Abusers Through Community Donations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Voucher-based reinforcement therapy (VBRT) is an effective drug abuse treatment, but the cost of VBRT rewards has limited its dissemination. Obtaining VBRT incentives through donations may be one way to overcome this barrier. Two direct mail campaigns solicited donations for use in VBRT for pregnant, postpartum, and parenting drug users in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and in Los Angeles, California. In

Leslie Amass; Jonathan Kamien

2004-01-01

55

40 CFR 281.21 - Description of state program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Description of state program. 281.21 Section...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVAL OF STATE UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANK PROGRAMS... § 281.21 Description of state program. A state...

2013-07-01

56

"1st Reads" Program Aims to Improve Book Donations and Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many people donate books to libraries, but too often they are titles that the librarians cannot use because they are usually too old, too passe, or too tattered and worn to be added to the library collection, and so they end up in library sales. Librarians in Riverside County, California and members of the Library Systems & Services, LLC (LSSI)…

Coffman, Steve

2006-01-01

57

Knowledge and attitudes toward organ donation: a community-based study comparing rural and urban populations.  

PubMed

The study was set to determine whether knowledge and attitudes toward organ donation differ according to geographical location. Self-administered questionnaires were employed to collect data such as demographic characteristics, basic knowledge, attitudes and source of information about organ donation from subjects in rural and urban areas. The questionnaires were distributed randomly to 1,000 individuals in both areas during 2008. The data were analyzed in a descriptive fashion. Despite similarities in knowledge and attitudes of respondents in both areas, rural respondents were less likely to have information about organ donation, to report willingness to donate organs, and to have knowledge about "brain death" or the "organ donation card" than their counterparts in urban areas. The study identified that the principle respondents' source of information about organ donation was the television. More than 90% of respondents in rural and urban areas reported that the contribution of health care providers in providing them with knowledge about organ donation and transplantation was "none" or "little". Respondents identified several reasons, which may influence their decisions to donate organs. In conclusion, the deficit in knowledge and attitudes of rural respondents about organ donation may be justified by the lack of information about this significant issue. Accordingly, health facilities, local mass media and educational institutions should provide intensive educational programs to encourage the public donate organs. PMID:20061688

Alghanim, Saad Abdullah

2010-01-01

58

AOIPS 3 user's guide. Volume 2: Program descriptions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Atmospheric and Oceanographic Information Processing System (AOIPS) 3 is the version of the AOIPS software as of April 1989. The AOIPS software was developed jointly by the Goddard Space Flight Center and General Sciences Corporation. A detailed description of very AOIPS program is presented. It is intended to serve as a reference for such items as program functionality, program operational instructions, and input/output variable descriptions. Program descriptions are derived from the on-line help information. Each program description is divided into two sections. The functional description section describes the purpose of the program and contains any pertinent operational information. The program description sections lists the program variables as they appear on-line, and describes them in detail.

Schotz, Steve S.; Piper, Thomas S.; Negri, Andrew J.

1990-01-01

59

Cross-Directorate Activities (SBE/SES Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Activities (CDA) Description This program encompasses a collection of Foundation-wide activities ... improvement. The Office of Cross-Directorate Activities (CDA) houses and provides information about ...

60

Ocean Technology and Interdisciplinary Coordination (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Ocean Technology and Interdisciplinary Coordination Description The Oceanographic Technology and ... supports a broad range of research and technology development activities. Unsolicited proposals are ...

61

NCI/CPFP - 2010 Application Catalog - Program Description  

Cancer.gov

Skip navigation. Table of Contents Director's Message Staff Profiles Program Description Program Information Guidelines for Application Preceptorships Bibliography Post-Fellowship Employment Life Outside the NCI Previous Page | Next Page Application

62

Space station program description document. Books 1-7  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Space Station Program Description Document is summarized. The six volumes include: (1) introduction and summary; (2) mission description; (3) systems requirements and characteristics; (4) advanced development; (6) system operations; and (7) program plan. Volume 5 was deleted as a separate book.

1984-01-01

63

40 CFR 233.11 - Program description.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...which the Corps retains authority under section 404(g) of the Act. (i) A description of the specific best management practices proposed to be used to satisfy the exemption provisions of section 404(f)(1)(E) of the Act for...

2013-07-01

64

A Descriptive List of Plato Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report lists with brief descriptions the teaching lesson sequences which have been using tutorial logics, inquiry logics, or combinations thereof. The version of the PLATO system for which the lessons were written is specified in each instance. PLATO ...

E. R. Lyman

1966-01-01

65

Types of Blood Donations  

MedlinePLUS

... More about Platelet Apheresis Donations » Back to Top Plasma Apheresis Plasma is collected simultaneously with a platelet donation and ... American Red Cross Donation Centers only. During a plasma apheresis donation, the blood is collected by a ...

66

Target-Missile Intercept Trajectory Program Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes a Fortran program which has been developed to calculate two dimensional target-missile trajectories. The report explains the program operation and usage, identifies the controls, specifies the problem input data requirements and prese...

A. Terris R. P. Marcotte

1967-01-01

67

34 CFR 675.32 - Program description.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL WORK-STUDY PROGRAMS Job Location and Development Program § 675.32 ...other eligible institutions, locates and develops jobs, including community service jobs, for currently enrolled students....

2013-07-01

68

Attitude of Personnel in Hospital Cadaveric Organ Transplant-Related Units Faced with Living Kidney Donation in a Hospital with a Living Kidney Donor Transplantation Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: The attitude of health care personnel is fundamental for the procurement of organs, especially when they are based in transplant-related services. The objective of this study is to assess the attitude of hospital personnel in transplant-related services toward living kidney donation in a hospital with a cadaveric and living solid organ transplant program. Materials and Methods: A random sample

A. Ríos; P. Ramírez; L. Martínez; J. A. García; M. J. Montoya; D. Lucas; P. Parrilla

2008-01-01

69

A Descriptive List of Plato Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report supersedes CSL Report R-186 and CSL Report R-296 (June, 1966). It lists with brief descriptions the teaching lesson sequences which have been using tutorial logics, inquiry logics, or combinations thereof. The version of the PLATO system for wh...

E. R. Lyman

1967-01-01

70

Lower Atmospheric Observing Facilities (LAOF) (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... that are sponsored by NSF for the geosciences research community. Program Management resides within ... provides a single point for coordination. Geosciences research often requires specialized facilities ...

71

Marine Geology and Geophysics (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Bilal U. Haq Program Director Rm. 725 N Phone: (703) 292-8581, Fax: (703) 292-9085, Email: bhaq@nsf ... 725 N Phone: (703) 292-8581, Fax: (703) 292-9085, Email: depp@nsf.gov Barbara Ransom Program ...

72

Scientific Description of Summer Semiconductor Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The grant helped to support the IMA summer program Semiconductors, held July 15--August 9, 1991. This was an intensive, interdisciplinary program which involved many of the leaders in the field. The proceedings will be published in the series IMA Volumes ...

A. Friedman

1991-01-01

73

Solid Waste Program technical baseline description  

SciTech Connect

The system engineering approach has been taken to describe the technical baseline under which the Solid Waste Program is currently operating. The document contains a mission analysis, function analysis, system definition, documentation requirements, facility and project bases, and uncertainties facing the program.

Carlson, A.B.

1994-07-01

74

Concurrent logic programming as a hardware description tool  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the possibility of developing hardware description languages (HDL's) based on the principles of logic programming. The specific logic programming language used to demonstrate this possibility is Flat Concurrent Prolog (FCP). It is shown explicitly how FCP naturally satisfies the commonly accepted fundamental requirements of a hardware description language. It is then demonstrated how FCP overcomes known disadvantages of the highly acclaimed VHDL. Some other parallel logic programming languages beside FCP are also presented briefly and the possibility of using them for hardware description is discussed.

Dotan, Y.; Arazi, B. (Ben-Gurion Univ. of the Negev, Beersheba (Israel). Dept. of Chemical Engineering)

1990-01-01

75

World Perspective Case Descriptions on Educational Programs for Adults: Portugal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The case descriptions of two adult education programs in Portual contained in this document are part of a set that reflects a cooperative effort by adult educators to increase international understanding of various educational programs for adults in their societal context. A face sheet for each program provides this information: name,…

Soares de Melo, Alvaro; Cristovao, Artur F. A. C.

76

Diffusion Network Project. Volume 2. Program Descriptions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Diffusion Network Project assisted community-based rehabilitation programs to provide employment and independent living services to consumers with either psychiatric disabilities or traumatic brain injuries. Between October, 1991, and September, 1993,...

K. F. Botterbusch

1995-01-01

77

42 CFR 457.1 - Program description.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND GRANTS TO STATES Introduction; State Plans for Child Health Insurance Programs and Outreach Strategies § 457...authorizes Federal grants to States for provision of child health assistance to uninsured, low-income children....

2013-10-01

78

24 CFR 582.100 - Program component descriptions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES SHELTER PLUS CARE Assistance Provided § 582.100 Program component descriptions. (a) Tenant-based rental...

2013-04-01

79

[Application of the donor action program to assess the donating potential of the intensive care unit at the hospital in Ko?obrzeg].  

PubMed

The aim of this work was to assess the donating potential of the Intensive Care Unit in Kolobrzeg and the role of the Donor Action (DA) program in identifying potential donors of tissues and organs (PDTO). On the basis of available clinical data in the MRR computer database of DA, 222 cases of deceased patients were analyzed out of 747 patients treated at this ICU between 1 January 1999 and 30 September 2002. The deceased patients were classified into groups depending on the time when identification of PDTO was finalized. The results relate to the number of potential and actual donors of organs and present reasons for donor loss. On these grounds the donating potential of the ICU was established. It was further deduced that 6-8 effective donors can be identified per year given the number of beds at this ICU. The main reasons for unexploited potential were delayed identification of PDTO and refusal by next of kin. The results were compared with those from a comparable ICU at the hospital in Opole. A questionnaire was given to 71 hospital employees to gather the views and attitudes to organ transplantation of those whose duties and knowledge are crucial to effective donation. The findings were entered into the HAS database of DA. It was concluded that the DA program can be applied at a standard Polish ICU to develop a donation protocol. A wider understanding of DA rules could increase harvesting of organs needed to save patients with end-stage organ insufficiency. PMID:16871739

Bednarek, Tadeusz

2004-01-01

80

Environmental Program Description for the Tank Farm Contractor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Environmental Program Description has been developed in support of the Integrated Environmental, Safety, and Health Management System and consistent with the goals of DOE\\/RL-96-50, Hanford Strategic Plan. This Environmental Program Plan was developed in support of the Integrated Environment, Safety, and Health Management System Description for the Tank Farm Contractor (ISMS) (RPP-MP-003), which establishes a single, defined environmental, safety,

2000-01-01

81

Oceanographic Centers and Facilities (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Michael R. Reeve Section Head Rm. 725 N Phone: (703) 292-8583, Fax: (703) 292-9085, Email: mreeve ... Program Director Rm. 725 N Phone: (703) 292-8583, Fax: (703) 292-9085, Email: kbinkley@nsf.gov Emma ...

82

World Perspective Case Descriptions on Educational Programs for Adults: Chile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains two case studies of adult education programs in Chile. Both case studies begin with a "face sheet" on which is recorded basic information about the program and the description. The first case study, prepared by Patricio Donoso, reports on Centro El Canelo de Nos, an inservice center for educators who work with Chile's most…

Donoso, Patricio; Gajardo, Marcela

83

Environmental monitoring and assessment program project descriptions (FY93 edition)  

SciTech Connect

The EMAP Project Descriptions is an annual document that details research activities throughout the program over the past fiscal year. Including an overview of EMAP's research structure, the document focuses on the program's eight resource groups, cross-program coordination groups, and several outreach components to describe all budgeted field and support activities. Each description includes a list of available and upcoming products, a contact for materials or more information, and brief text on the contributions of partner agencies and institutions to each research activity. The document is intended for readers who have a preliminary understanding of EMAP and would like more information on specific research components.

Potter, B.G.; Jackson, L.E.

1993-09-01

84

RESFEN 3.1: Program description  

SciTech Connect

Today's energy-efficient windows can dramatically lower the heating and cooling costs associated with windows while increasing occupant comfort and minimizing window surface condensation problems. However, consumers are often confused about how to pick the most efficient window for a residence. Product information typically offers window properties U-factors or R-values, Solar Heat Gain Coefficients or Shading Coefficients, and air leakage rates. However, the relative importance of these properties depends on site-and building-specific conditions. Furthermore, these properties are based on static evaluation conditions that are very different from the real situation a window will be used in. A computer tool such as RESFEN can help consumers and builders pick the most energy-efficient and cost-effective window for a given application, whether it is a new home, an addition, or a window replacement. It calculates heating and cooling energy use and associated costs as well as peak heating and cooling demand for specific window products. Users define a specific scenario by specifying house type (single-story or two-story), geographic location, orientation, electricity and gas cost, and building configuration details (such as wall, floor, and HVAC system type). Users also specify size, shading and thermal properties of the window they wish to investigate. The thermal properties that RESFEN requires are U-factor, Solar Heat Gain Coefficient, and air leakage rate. RESFEN calculates the energy and cost implications of the window compared to an insulated wall. The relative energy and cost impacts of two different windows can be compared . RESFEN 3.0 was a major improvement over previous versions because it performs hourly calculations using aversion of the DOE 21E (LBL 1980, Winkelmann et al. 1993) energy analysis simulation program. RESFEN 3.1 incorporates additional improvements including input assumptions for the base case buildings taken from the National Fenestration Rating Council (NFRC) Annual Energy Subcommittee's efforts. Table 6-2 lists the input assumptions used in RESFEN 3.1, along with those from the previous version. These assumptions are reviewed continually and maybe refined in future versions to more accurately reflect typical building configurations and operation.

Mitchell, R.; Huang, J.; Arasteh, D.; Sullivan, R.; Phillip, S.

1999-08-01

85

Child and Family Resource Program (New Haven, Connecticut). Program Description.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the New Haven, Connecticut site of the Child and Family Resource Program (CFRP), a Head Start-affiliated program designed to elicit community and family involvement in fostering optimum development of preschool children and their families. The New Haven site is one of 11 demonstration sites of the national CFRP. In planning…

Development Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.

86

Child and Family Resource Program (Oklahoma City, Oklahoma). Program Description.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the Oklahoma City, Oklahoma site of the Child and Family Resource Program (CFRP), a Head Start-affiliated program designed to elicit community and family involvement in fostering optimum development of preschool children and their families. The Oklahoma City site, serving a rural black community, is one of 11 demonstration…

Development Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.

87

Short description of mathematical support programs for space experiments in the Interkosmos program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A synopsis of programs of mathematical support designed at the Institute for Cosmic Research of the USSR Academy of Sciences for cosmic experiments being conducted in the Interkosmos Program is presented. A short description of the appropriate algorithm is given.

Elyasberg, P. Y.

1979-01-01

88

AutoBayes Program Synthesis System: System Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

AUTOBAYES is a fully automatic program synthesis system for the statistical data analysis domain. Its input is a concise description of a data analysis problem in the form of a statistical model; its output is optimized and fully documented C/C++ code whi...

B. Fischer T. Pressburger G. Rosu J. Schumann

2001-01-01

89

A Descriptive Review of Florida's Environmental Education Grants Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A statewide environmental education (EE) grants program operated in Florida from 1990 to 2003. Interviews of grant recipients were undertaken to explore and describe the contributions of these funded projects to EE in the state. This report of the descriptive review presents and summarizes findings from these interviews. Grant funds increased the…

Monroe, Martha C.; Marcinkowski, Thomas; Chang, Janice; Kauchek, Lynna; Smith, Renee; Ira, Greg

2005-01-01

90

Environmental Program Description for the Tank Farm Contractor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Environmental Program Plan was developed in support of the Integrated Environment, Safety and Health Management System Description for the Tank Farm Contractor (ISMS) (RPP-MP-003), which establishes a single, defined environmental, safety, and health management system that integrates requirements into the work planning and execution processes to protect workers, the public, and the environment. The ISMS also provides mechanisms for

2001-01-01

91

Environmental Program Description for the Tank Farm Contractor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Environmental Services organization's mission is to achieve effective environmental compliance and stewardship in managing and closing the tank farms. This Environmental Program Plan was developed in support of that mission and the Integrated Environment, Safety, and Health Management System Description for the Tank Farm Contractor (ISMS) (RPP-MP-003), which establishes a single, defined environmental, safety, and health management system that

2002-01-01

92

A Descriptive Study of Urban School Counseling Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A descriptive study was implemented to determine how urban school counselors adhere to the Gysbers and Henderson (2000) and Myrick (1993) models of school counseling programs. One hundred and two counselors in six urban centers (New York; Newark, NJ; Philadelphia; Washington, DC; Trenton, NJ," and Baltimore) completed the Urban School Counselor…

Holcomb-McCoy, Cheryl; Mitchell, Natasha

2005-01-01

93

Basalt Waste Isolation Program remote handling system design description  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the design philosophy along with the functions and requirements of the spent fuel waste handling and servicing system for the Basalt Waste Isolation Program. This document includes recommended design features to be considered to meet specific design requirements, a listing of all major components, and problem areas identified at this time. These data are collected to provide the basis for the Basalt Waste Isolation Program System Design Description, and then further supplemented by information generated during the conceptual design or Title I phase of the program. 5 tabs.

Updyke, R.F.; Young, G. (Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (USA). Rocketdyne Div.)

1978-09-22

94

A simulation model for wind energy storage systems. Volume 3: Program descriptions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Program descriptions, flow charts, and program listings for the SIMWEST model generation program, the simulation program, the file maintenance program, and the printer plotter program are given. For Vol 2, see .

Warren, A. W.; Edsinger, R. W.; Burroughs, J. D.

1977-01-01

95

Association of Erythropoiesis during Autologous Blood Donation with Initial Hemoglobin Concentration and Length of Donation Period  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Objective: Assessment of factors that influence erythropoiesis during autologous blood donation. Design:Retrospective study. Setting:Autologous blood donation program at the central laboratory of a teaching hospital. Patients:All consecutive patients with initial hemoglobin concentrations of at least 11.5 g\\/dl and without acute cardiovascular or infectious diseases who planned to donate autologous blood prior to hip replacement surgery. Interventions: a) Between 1992

M. Gesemann; P. R. Gentner; N. Scheiermann

1999-01-01

96

Organ Donation: The Process  

MedlinePLUS

... Organ After Your Transplant Contact Your Donor Family Organ Donation: The Process Enrolling as a Donor : The altruistic ... If the deceased's evaluation does not rule out donation, the OPO contacts the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) to begin the ...

97

Types of Blood Donations  

MedlinePLUS

... Staff Our Member Blood Centers Our Partners Donate blood and save someone's future. PUBLICATIONS PRESS ROOM BLOG ... a few different types of blood donation. Whole Blood This is what most individuals think of when ...

98

Organ and tissue donation: are minorities willing to donate?  

PubMed

The Task Force on Organ Transplantation (DHHS,1986) addressed the issue of increasing organ donation. The Report of the Task Force recommended that "educational efforts aimed at increasing organ donation among minority populations be developed and implemented, so that the donor population will more closely reflect the ethnicity of potential transplant recipients, in order to gain the advantage of improved donor and recipient immunologic matching (DHHS,1986). Donor rates for minorities has increased as follows: 16% in 1988 to 23% in 1995 among cadaveric donors and 24% in 1988 to 28% in 1995 among living donors. The improvement in donor rates among minorities may positively affect the transplantation success rate experienced by organ recipients of the same race. Strategies must be implemented that will increase the effectiveness and frequency of communication between minority patients and the medical community. An increase in the effectiveness of communication between potential minority donor families and the health care community will contribute to the process of Consciousness Raising as discussed by Prochasksa. The result of increased awareness of the organ donation and transplantation process may have a favorable impact on organ donation. The media has, through public service announcements, paid advertising and entertainment programming, attempted to promote discussion of organ donation in the community and within families. Johnson et al. discussed Mexican-American and Anglo-American Attitudes Toward Organ Donation. The primary impediment contributing to the disparity of consent rates between Mexican-American and Anglo-American population occurs with regard to the donation of organs of relatives. Johnson stated that this impediment to organ donation can be effectively addressed by promoting family discussion. Communication within families will inform surviving next of kin of the desire of the deceased to be an organ donor and hence improve the likelihood of the donor family consenting to organ donation (Johnson et al., 1988). The promotion of communication within families must continue to be a goal of the transplant community regardless of race/ethnicity. Despite the efforts of the government, the transplant community, the media and the corporate sector to address the critical shortage of donors in the United States, the reality is that no community has the supply of donor organs suitable to meet the need. PMID:9869886

Daniels, D E; Smith, K; Parks-Thomas, T; Gibbs, D; Robinson, J

1998-01-01

99

[Blood donation in urban areas].  

PubMed

Medical and technical developments increase the difficulty to provide sufficient safe blood for all patients in developed countries and their sociodemographic and societal changes. Sufficient national blood supply remains a reached, however still actual, challenge. Tomorrow is prepared today: the management of blood donation programs both in line with these developments and with social marketing strategies is one of the keys to success. If the main components of this organization are well known (mobile blood drives in various appropriate environments, and permanent blood donation centers) their proportions in the whole process must evolve and their contents require adaptations, especially for whole blood donation in urban areas. We have to focus on the people's way of life changes related to increasing urbanization of the society and prominent position taken by very large cities. This requires targeting several goals: to draw the attention of the potential blood-giving candidate, to get into position to collect him when he will decide it, to give meaning and recognition to his "sacrifice" (give time rather than donate blood) and to give him desire and opportunity to come back and donate one more time. In this strategy, permanent blood centers in urban areas have significant potential for whole blood collection, highlighted by the decrease of apheresis technology requirements. This potential requires profound changes in their location, conception and organization. The concept of Maison Du Don (MDD) reflects these changes. PMID:23597586

Charpentier, F

2013-05-01

100

Platelet Donation (Apheresis)  

MedlinePLUS

... may be ideal for a simultaneous platelet and plasma donation. Anyone in need can receive your plasma, it is universal. Only 4% of the U.S. ... can donate up to 24 times per year. Plasma can be collected simultaneously with a platelet donation. ...

101

A description of an automated database comparison program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An interactive FORTRAN computer comparison program designed to automatically locate regions of incongruity between two databases is described. The software, guided by user input parameters, incrementally compares the databases and generates plots of these regions in the databases which do not compare within a specified tolerance. Additionally, tools are provided within the software which enable the user to statistically reduce the number of data points in the databases compared. To facilitate the description of these tools, the procedures used to compare two aerodynamic databases for an F-18A fighter aircraft are detailed.

Mcminn, John D.; Shaughnessy, John D.; Arbuckle, P. Douglas

1988-01-01

102

Organ Donation: A Dilemma for Black Americans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This program addresses specific concerns of the black community concerning organ donation/transplanation. It also stresses the need for increased participation from blacks. Key black medical professionals address the issues related to prolonged survival o...

1994-01-01

103

Narrowing the organ donation gap: hospital development methods that maximize hospital donation potential.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to identify and describe this organ procurement organization's hospital development methods that have markedly increased the quantity and quality of organ donor referrals. Procedures used include the establishment of organ donor programs (hospital donor programs) within each donor hospital. The goal for these hospital donor programs is to monitor and maximize organ procurement within each institution. Routine quality assurance or death audits along with referral data from the organ procurement organization's database provide both the organ procurement organization and the hospital donor program with the necessary information to evaluate organ procurement strengths and weaknesses. This data is used in concert with ongoing development activities, which include, but are not limited to, physician and staff education and frequent marketing visits. Early referral to the organ procurement organization of all nonsurvivable head injuries for evaluation as potential organ donors, and a timely request for donation by the organ procurement organization coordinator are emphasized. The results of these efforts have been gratifying. In 1989, 138 referrals and 41 organ donations occurred. In 1990, 174 referrals and 66 organ donations occurred. In 1991, 213 referrals and 71 organ donations occurred. In 1992, 228 referrals and 70 organ donations occurred. In the first 6 months of 1993, 146 referrals and 40 organ donations occurred, for a prorated figure of 292 referrals and 80 organ donations annually. In conclusion, these results appear to validate the benefits of this approach and its significant contribution to narrowing the donation supply and demand gap. PMID:7803422

Shirley, S; Cutler, J; Heymann, C; Hart, M

1994-01-01

104

Environmental Program Description for the Tank Farm Contractor  

SciTech Connect

This Environmental Program Description has been developed in support of the Integrated Environmental, Safety, and Health Management System and consistent with the goals of DOE/RL-96-50, Hanford Strategic Plan. This Environmental Program Plan was developed in support of the Integrated Environment, Safety, and Health Management System Description for the Tank Farm Contractor (ISMS) (RPP-MP-003), which establishes a single, defined environmental, safety, and health management system that integrates requirements into the work planning and execution processes to protect workers, the public, and the environment. The ISMS also provides mechanisms for increasing worker involvement in work planning, including hazard and environmental impact identification, analysis, and control; work execution; and feedback/improvement processes. The ISMS plan consists of five core functions. Each section of this plan describes the activities (formerly known as the Tank Waste Remediation System) of the Tank Farm Contractor (TFC) environmental organization according to the following core functions: Establish Environmental Policy and Define Work Scope; Identify Hazards, Environmental Impacts, and Requirements; Analyze Hazards and Environmental Impacts and Implement Controls; Provide Feedback and Continuous Improvement; and Perform Work within Controls.

POWELL, P.A.

2000-04-20

105

Shared oocyte donation: society’s benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the efficacy of oocyte donation when a cohort of oocytes is shared between two phenotypically matched recipients.Design: A retrospective analysis of a program using shared anonymous oocyte donation.Setting: Academic infertility center.Patient(s): Recipient women with partial or complete ovarian failure; oocyte donors who have been properly screened.Intervention(s): Each oocyte donor was phenotypically matched with two potential recipients. The

Maureen Moomjy; Robin Mangieri; Fernando Beltramone; Ina Cholst; Lucinda Veeck; Zev Rosenwaks

2000-01-01

106

What do donations buy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Charities publicize the donations they receive, generally according to dollar categories rather than the exact amount. Donors in turn tend to give the minimum amount necessary to get into a category. These facts suggest that donors have a taste for having their donations made public. This paper models the effects of such a taste for “prestige” on the behavior of

William T. Harbaugh

1998-01-01

107

Donative nonprofit organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter, we explore why donations are made to nonprofit organizations instead of other institutions or directly to recipients; how such nonprofit organizations behave; and what is the appropriate public policy toward subsidizing and regulating these entities. We focus on donative nonprofits--organizations precluded from distributing their surplus revenues to those in control that receive resources in the forms of

Marc Bilodeau; Richard Steinberg

108

Description of the Solar Energy R and D Programs in Many Nations. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The present report includes descriptions of the Solar Energy R and D Programs of 32 countries, of the Organization of American States, of UNESCO, and of a number of private organizations. The descriptions were solicited from the most reliable representati...

F. de Winter J. W. de Winter

1976-01-01

109

Algebra, Number Theory and Combinatorics (ANTC) (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... of Mathematical Sciences Algebra, Number Theory and Combinatorics (ANTC) Description Supports ... linear algebra; number theory, including algebraic, analytic number theory, arithmetic geometry ...

110

Relationship between first-year blood donation, return rate for subsequent donation and demographic characteristics  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to determine any relationships between return rates of first-time donors, number of donations in the first year and the donors’ demographic characteristics. Materials and methods. Data from 1,500 volunteer, first-time donors who donated blood at Shiraz Blood Transfusion Centre (Iran) were obtained from the donor database. The donors’ demographic characteristics (sex, age, educational status) and donation histories were obtained for a 3-year period and the number of donations and interval between the first donation and the following donation within a 1-year period were recorded. We searched for correlations between return rate and demographic characteristics and the number of donations in the first, second and third years. The data were analysed with the chi-squared test, multiple logistic regression and Spearman’s correlation tests. P values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results More than half of the first-time donors returned to donate again (n=776, 51.7%) during the 3 years after the first donation. The mean number of donations in the whole 3-year period was 0.69±0.49, while it was 1.33±0.62 (median 1) in the first year, 0.4±0.7 (median 0) in the second, and 0.3±0.65 (median 0) in the third year. The return rate was directly correlated with the number of donations in the first year (r=0.74, P<0.001). The return rate increased as the interval between the first and second donations decreased (P<0.05, OR=1.03). The return rate was higher for male donors and single donors (P<0.05), but was not related to age or educational level (P>0.05). Discussion. In this study 51.7% of first-time donors returned to donate again, a high figure indicating the success of our recruitment strategy. Understanding the importance of the number of donations in the first year for donors’ return rate and planning recruitment programs and more effective measures to encourage donors in the first year may help to increase return rates.

Kasraian, Leila; Tavassoli, Alireza

2012-01-01

111

Description and Evaluation of the Army Communicative Skills Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Army Communicative Skills Program is a recent effort by the Army to improve the writing, speaking, and reading effectiveness of all personnel. This report describes the program, the writing standard it mandates, the programs of instruction it offers, ...

L. A. Baker

1988-01-01

112

Geological Formation - Drill String Dynamic Interaction Finite-Element Program (GEODYN). Phase 1. Theoretical Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Theoretical Description for the GEODYN interactive finite-element computer program is presented. The program is capable of performing the analysis of the three-dimensional transient dynamic response of a Polycrystalline Diamond Compact Bit-Bit Sub ari...

J. A. Baird M. C. Apostal R. L. Rotelli M. A. Tinianow D. N. Wormley

1984-01-01

113

Geological formation: Drill string dynamic interaction finite element program (GEODYN2). Phase 2, Theoretical description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Theoretical Description for the GEODYN2 Interactive Finite Element Computer Program is presented. The program is capable of performing the analysis of the three-dimensional transient dynamic response of a Polycrystalline Diamond Compact Bit-BHA finite...

J. A. Baird M. C. Apostal D. N. Wormley

1989-01-01

114

NCI/CPFP - 2010 Application Catalog - Program Description - Additional Research Opportunities  

Cancer.gov

Skip navigation. Table of Contents Director's Message Staff Profiles Program Description Program Information Guidelines for Application Preceptorships Bibliography Post-Fellowship Employment Life Outside the NCI Previous Page | Next Page Application

115

40 CFR 239.4 - Narrative description of state permit program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Narrative description of state permit program. 239...AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES REQUIREMENTS FOR STATE PERMIT PROGRAM DETERMINATION...facilities within the state's jurisdiction that... (1) For municipal solid waste landfill...

2013-07-01

116

7 CFR 250.60 - Use of donated foods in the school food service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AREAS UNDER ITS JURISDICTION National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and Other Child Nutrition...service. (a) Use of donated foods in school lunches and other meals or activities. The school food authority should use donated...

2012-01-01

117

Blood donation before surgery  

MedlinePLUS

... or further tests. Many communities have a blood bank at which any healthy person can donate their ... make arrangements with your hospital or local blood bank before your surgery to have directed donor blood. ...

118

Special Blood Donation Procedures  

MedlinePLUS

... whole blood, which takes about 10 minutes. Double red blood cell donation: In the so-called double ... cells), and thrombocythemia (an excess of platelets). In red blood cell exchange, red blood cells are removed ...

119

National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Division of Atmospheric Sciences National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Description ... Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), which is funded by NSF, is a focal point for research in the ...

120

7 CFR 250.30 - State processing of donated foods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION DONATION OF FOODS FOR USE...410-1, Non-Audit Claims, Food Distribution Program. (k) Refund payments...410-1, Non-Audit Claims, Food Distribution Program. (5)...

2010-01-01

121

7 CFR 250.30 - State processing of donated foods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION DONATION OF FOODS FOR USE...410-1, Non-Audit Claims, Food Distribution Program. (k) Refund payments...410-1, Non-Audit Claims, Food Distribution Program. (5)...

2009-01-01

122

The Fortran Static Source Code Analyzer Program (Sap) System Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A source code analyzer program (SAP) designed to assist personnel in conducting studies of FORTRAN programs is described. The SAP scans FORTRAN source code and produces reports that present statistics and measures of statements and structures that make up...

C. Goorevich M. Oneill P. Merwarth W. Decker W. Taylor

1982-01-01

123

44 CFR 59.2 - Description of program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INSURANCE AND HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program GENERAL PROVISIONS...of program. (a) The National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 was enacted...1968) to provide previously unavailable flood insurance protection to property...

2013-10-01

124

Distinctiveness and Influence of Subjective Norms, Personal Descriptive and Injunctive Norms, and Societal Descriptive and Injunctive Norms on Behavioral Intent: A Case of Two Behaviors Critical to Organ Donation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of the attitudinal, normative, and perceived behavioral control (PBC) components of the theory of planned behavior and personal- and societal-level descriptive and injunctive norms were investigated with regard to their impact on the intent to enroll on a state organ-donor registry and the intent to engage in family discussion about…

Park, Hee Sun; Smith, Sandi W.

2007-01-01

125

Partners in Learning Improvement Sites: Program Descriptions 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In October of 1987, New Jersey implemented the Partners in Learning program to increase levels of awareness and participation among parents and school staff. In the final phase of the program, 30 schools were selected to receive grants to plan and implement parent involvement programs. This document describes some of the successful grant…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of General Academic Education.

126

Individuals' Decision to Co-Donate or Donate Alone: An Archival Study of Married Whole Body Donors in Hawaii  

PubMed Central

Background Human cadavers are crucial to numerous aspects of health care, including initial and continuing training of medical doctors and advancement of medical research. Concerns have periodically been raised about the limited number of whole body donations. Little is known, however, about a unique form of donation, namely co-donations or instances when married individuals decide to register at the same time as their spouse as whole body donors. Our study aims to determine the extent of whole body co-donation and individual factors that might influence co-donation. Methods and Findings We reviewed all records of registrants to the University of Hawaii Medical School’s whole body donation program from 1967 through 2006 to identify married registrants. We then examined the 806 married individuals’ characteristics to understand their decision to register alone or with their spouse. We found that married individuals who registered at the same time as their spouse accounted for 38.2 percent of married registrants. Sex differences provided an initial lens to understand co-donation. Wives were more likely to co-donate than to register alone (p?=?0.002). Moreover, registrants’ main occupational background had a significant effect on co-donations (p?=?0.001). Married registrants (regardless of sex) in female-gendered occupations were more likely to co-donate than to donate alone (p?=?0.014). Female-gendered occupations were defined as ones in which women represented more than 55 percent of the workforce (e.g., preschool teachers). Thus, variations in donors’ occupational backgrounds explained co-donation above and beyond sex differences. Conclusions Efforts to secure whole body donations have historically focused on individual donations regardless of donors’ marital status. More attention needs to be paid, however, to co-donations since they represent a non-trivial number of total donations. Also, targeted outreach efforts to male and female members of female-gendered occupations might prove a successful way to increase donations through co-donations.

Anteby, Michel; Garip, Filiz; Martorana, Paul V.; Lozanoff, Scott

2012-01-01

127

36 CFR 1256.32 - How do I request access to restricted information in donated historical materials?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Programs (NWC) for donated textual materials or the Director of Modern Records Programs (NWM) for donated electronic records. The mailing address for NWC and NWM is Office of Records ServicesâWashington, DC, 8601 Adelphi Road, College...

2010-07-01

128

36 CFR 1256.32 - How do I request access to restricted information in donated historical materials?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Programs (NWC) for donated textual materials or the Director of Modern Records Programs (NWM) for donated electronic records. The mailing address for NWC and NWM is Office of Records ServicesâWashington, DC, 8601 Adelphi Road, College...

2009-07-01

129

Body Donation in India: Social Awareness, Willingness, and Associated Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the attendant rise of the number of medical colleges in India over past few decades, the demand for cadavers used in medical education and research is growing. However, there is an insufficient supply of donated cadavers available for dissection. This study was undertaken to assess the general population's awareness of body donation programs

Rokade, Shrikant A.; Gaikawad, Anjana P.

2012-01-01

130

Comparative analysis of family consent to tissue donation according to two different donation form structures.  

PubMed

Objective To define donors' profile of an Organ and Tissue Procurement Center and compare the family consent for tissue donation before and after modification of the Donation Term. Methods A descriptive, documentary and quantitative study performed in an Organ and Tissue Procurement Center, analyzed 111 feasible donors' charts in the period from March 13 to September 13, 2010 (1st period), and from September 14, 2010 to March 14, 2011 (2nd period), based on the modification date. Results The mean age of donors was 45.2 years, being 52.3% female. The causes of death included cerebral vascular accident (stroke) (64%), head trauma (27%), anoxic encephalopathy (2.7%), firearm injuries (2.7%) and others (3.6%). The notifications were predominantly of spontaneous origin (91%). Comparing the periods before and after the modification of the Donation Term, the donation consent for cornea increased by 17.2% and the consent for skin, bones, tendons and muscles had a discreet increase by 3.1%, 9.9% and 0.4%, respectively. On the other hand, there was decrease in consent for blood vessel (0.8%) and heart valves (4.1%) between the two periods. Conclusion There was increase in family consent for donation of most tissues, but it was statistically significant only for cornea donation. PMID:25003916

Grossi, Manoela Gomes; Prado, Layse Beneli; Souza, Geórgia Pereira Silveira; Santos, Jaquelini Pereira Dos; Bezerra, Amanda Silva de Macêdo; Marcelino, Cesar Augusto Guimarães; Almeida, Antônio Flávio Sanchez de; Ayoub, Andrea Cotait

2014-04-01

131

Clinical fellowship training in pathology informatics: A program description  

PubMed Central

Background: In 2007, our healthcare system established a clinical fellowship program in pathology informatics. In 2011, the program benchmarked its structure and operations against a 2009 white paper “Program requirements for fellowship education in the subspecialty of clinical informatics”, endorsed by the Board of the American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) that described a proposal for a general clinical informatics fellowship program. Methods: A group of program faculty members and fellows compared each of the proposed requirements in the white paper with the fellowship program's written charter and operations. The majority of white paper proposals aligned closely with the rules and activities in our program and comparison was straightforward. In some proposals, however, differences in terminology, approach, and philosophy made comparison less direct, and in those cases, the thinking of the group was recorded. After the initial evaluation, the remainder of the faculty reviewed the results and any disagreements were resolved. Results: The most important finding of the study was how closely the white paper proposals for a general clinical informatics fellowship program aligned with the reality of our existing pathology informatics fellowship. The program charter and operations of the program were judged to be concordant with the great majority of specific white paper proposals. However, there were some areas of discrepancy and the reasons for the discrepancies are discussed in the manuscript. Conclusions: After the comparison, we conclude that the existing pathology informatics fellowship could easily meet all substantive proposals put forth in the 2009 clinical informatics program requirements white paper. There was also agreement on a number of philosophical issues, such as the advantages of multiple fellows, the need for core knowledge and skill sets, and the need to maintain clinical skills during informatics training. However, there were other issues, such as a requirement for a 2-year fellowship and for informatics fellowships to be done after primary board certification, that pathology should consider carefully as it moves toward a subspecialty status and board certification.

Gilbertson, John R.; McClintock, David S.; Lee, Roy E.; Onozato, Maristela; Kuo, Frank C.; Beckwith, Bruce A.; Yagi, Yukako; Dighe, Anand S.; Gudewicz, Tom M.; Le, Long P.; Wilbur, David C.; Kim, Ji Yeon; Brodsky, Victor B.; Black-Schaffer, Stephen

2012-01-01

132

The SKI-HI Program: A Descriptive Update, 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides updated information on the SKI-HI program model which presently serves over 2000 young hearing impaired children in 35 states and Canada. The program focuses on training parents in the skills needed to maximize language stimulation and minimize language deprivation. Among 14 educational and philosophical underpinnings of the…

Bruce, Sandy; And Others

133

World Perspective Case Descriptions on Educational Programs for Adults: Hungary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains two case studies which provide an idea of the types of adult education programs available in Hungary. The first case study, prepared by Mihaly Sari, describes "The Month of Protecting Our Environment," a program developed in the small town of Puspokladany by a club of amateur anglers, a society for propagating scientific…

Sari, Mihaly; Durko, Matyas

134

Morning Report in Family Medicine Residency Programs: A Descriptive Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Morning Report (MR) is a frequently held case conference in most Family Medicine (FM) residency programs among medical learners who discuss recent inpatient admissions before the day's care of patients. This study conducted a national survey of FM residency program directors to describe the roles of faculty and residents in facilitating MR.…

Kuncharapu, Indumathi; Cass, Alvah R.; Carlson, Carol A.; Scott, Jack R.

135

Corporate Human Resources Adult Training and Employment Program Description.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to increasing difficulty in finding qualified candidates for entry-level positions, the Aetna company has developed an Adult Training and Employment program. This program (1) trains, hires, and retains nontraditional candidates from the area's public and private agencies; (2) focuses on issues that affect this population's ability to…

Aetna Life and Casualty, Hartford, CT.

136

Description of the programs and facilities of the Physics Division  

SciTech Connect

The major emphasis of our experimental nuclear physics research is in Heavy-Ion Physics, centered at the recently completed ATLAS facility. ATLAS is a designated National User Facility and is based on superconducting radio-frequency technology developed in the Physics Division. In addition, the Division has strong programs in Medium-Energy Physics and in Weak-Interaction Physics as well as in accelerator development. Our nuclear theory research spans a wide range of interests including nuclear dynamics with subnucleonic degrees of freedom, dynamics of many-nucleon systems, nuclear structure, and heavy-ion interactions. This research makes contact with experimental research programs in intermediate-energy and heavy-ion physics, both within the Division and on the national scale. The Atomic Physics program, the largest of which is accelerator-based, primarily uses ATLAS, a 5-MV Dynamitron accelerator and a highly stable 150-kV accelerator. A synchrotron-based atomic physics program has recently been initiated with current research with the National Synchrotron Light Source in preparation for a program at the Advanced Photon Source, at Argonne. The principal interests of the Atomic Physics program are in the interactions of fast atomic and molecular ions with solids and gases and in the laser spectroscopy of exotic species. The program is currently being expanded to take advantage of the unique research opportunities in synchrotron-based research that will present themselves when the Advanced Photon Source comes on line at Argonne. These topics are discussed briefly in this report.

Not Available

1992-10-01

137

An Inservice Program for Elementary Teachers: A Description. Occasional Paper No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The inservice program described in this paper was a successful attempt to help 30 teachers from kindergarten through grade six learn together, plan together, and experience the satisfaction that comes from improving classroom reading programs. A description of the format of the program emphasizes the importance of providing for the individual…

Smith, Richard J.; Dauer, Velma

138

World Perspective Case Descriptions on Educational Programs for Adults: U.S.A.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 13 case descriptions of adult education programs in the United States are part of a set that reflects a cooperative effort by adult educators to increase international understanding of various educational programs for adults in their societal context. A face sheet for each program provides this information: name, organization, and address of…

Knox, Alan B.; And Others

139

Geological formation - drill string dynamic interaction finite-element program (GEODYN). Phase 1. Theoretical description  

SciTech Connect

The Theoretical Description for the GEODYN interactive finite-element computer program is presented. The program is capable of performing the analysis of the three-dimensional transient dynamic response of a Polycrystalline Diamond Compact Bit-Bit Sub arising from the intermittent contact of the bit with the downhole rock formations. The program accommodates nonlinear, time-dependent, loading and boundary conditions.

Baird, J.A.; Apostal, M.C.; Rotelli, R.L. Jr.; Tinianow, M.A.; Wormley, D.N.

1984-06-01

140

What's It Like to Donate Stem Cells?  

MedlinePLUS

... learn more What’s it like to donate stem cells? People usually volunteer to donate stem cells for ... autologous transplant. If you want to donate stem cells for someone else People who want to donate ...

141

Tips for a Successful Blood Donation  

MedlinePLUS

... a few recommendations before, during and after your blood donation can help you make your donation experience as ... Learn more about your need for iron after blood donation at www.redcrossblood.org/iron Donating Blood Why ...

142

Determinants of donations in private nonprofit markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

We estimate the responsiveness of donations to a number of economic variables, including price, advertising, and the availability of revenue from such other sources as government grants and program service sales. Utilizing a set of IRS data on individual nonprofit organizations in each of seven industries — including hospitals and higher education — for the years 1982–1994, we find distinct

Cagla Okten; Burton A. Weisbrod

2000-01-01

143

A Descriptive List of Plato Lesson Programs, 1960-1964.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For the past three years, the Coordinated Science Laboratory has been developing an automatic teaching system called PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operation) in order to explore the possibilities of automation in individual instruction. I...

E. R. Lyman

1964-01-01

144

LACIE performance predictor final operational capability program description, volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The program EPHEMS computes the orbital parameters for up to two vehicles orbiting the earth for up to 549 days. The data represents a continuous swath about the earth, producing tables which can be used to determine when and if certain land segments will be covered. The program GRID processes NASA's climatology tape to obtain the weather indices along with associated latitudes and longitudes. The program LUMP takes substrata historical data and sample segment ID, crop window, crop window error and statistical data, checks for valid input parameters and generates the segment ID file, crop window file and the substrata historical file. Finally, the System Error Executive (SEE) Program checks YES error and truth data, CAMS error data, and signature extension data for validity and missing elements. A message is printed for each error found.

1976-01-01

145

Initial Description of the National AHEC Program - Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of Area Health Centers (AHECs) is to develop educational opportunities in medically underserved geographical areas for the preparation of health professionals. The underlying theory of the program is that if students are exposed to underserved...

1976-01-01

146

The Plasma Interaction Experiment (PIX) Description and Test Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The plasma interaction experiment (PIX) is a battery powered preprogrammed auxiliary payload on the LANDSAT-C launch. This experiment is part of a larger program to investigate space plasma interactions with spacecraft surfaces and components. The varying...

L. R. Ignaczak F. A. Haley E. J. Domino D. H. Culp F. J. Shaker

1978-01-01

147

National Awards Program for Energy Innovation, 1988: Project Descriptions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Department of Energy is pleased to present the 74 award winning projects in conservation and renewable energy which were selected for the Department's fifth National Awards Program for Energy Innovation. These projects are indicative of the innovative...

1989-01-01

148

Advanced Crew Procedures Development Techniques: Procedures and Performance Program Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Procedures and Performance Program (PPP) for operation in conjunction with the Shuttle Procedures Simulator (SPS) is described. The PPP user interface, the SPS/PPP interface, and the PPP applications software are discussed. (Author)

J. D. Arbet A. A. Mangiaracina

1975-01-01

149

Advanced crew procedures development techniques: Procedures and performance program description  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Procedures and Performance Program (PPP) for operation in conjunction with the Shuttle Procedures Simulator (SPS) is described. The PPP user interface, the SPS/PPP interface, and the PPP applications software are discussed.

Arbet, J. D.; Mangiaracina, A. A.

1975-01-01

150

LACIE performance predictor final operational capability program description, volume 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Given the swath table files, the segment set for one country and cloud cover data, the SAGE program determines how many times and under what conditions each segment is accessed by satellites. The program writes a record for each segment on a data file which contains the pertinent acquisition data. The weather data file can also be generated from a NASA supplied tape. The Segment Acquisition Selector Program (SACS) selects data from the segment reference file based upon data input manually and from a crop window file. It writes the extracted data to a data acquisition file and prints two summary reports. The POUT program reads from associated LACIE files and produces printed reports. The major types of reports that can be produced are: (1) Substrate Reference Data Reports, (2) Population Mean, Standard Deviation and Histogram Reports, (3) Histograms of Monte Carlo Statistics Reports, and (4) Frequency of Sample Segment Acquisitions Reports.

1976-01-01

151

The FORTRAN static source code analyzer program (SAP) system description  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A source code analyzer program (SAP) designed to assist personnel in conducting studies of FORTRAN programs is described. The SAP scans FORTRAN source code and produces reports that present statistics and measures of statements and structures that make up a module. The processing performed by SAP and of the routines, COMMON blocks, and files used by SAP are described. The system generation procedure for SAP is also presented.

Decker, W.; Taylor, W.; Merwarth, P.; Oneill, M.; Goorevich, C.; Waligora, S.

1982-01-01

152

Organ Donation and Hispanic Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Email me when this section changes OMH Content Content Index > Data/Statistics > Data by Health Topic > Organ and Tissue Donation Organ Donation and Hispanic Americans Hispanic Americans have high rates of diabetes and heart disease. Mexican Americans ...

153

The Milwaukee Parental Choice Program: Baseline Descriptive Report on Participating Schools. SCDP Milwaukee Evaluation Report #3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the first in a series of annual reports produced by the School Choice Demonstration Project (SCDP) that will provide descriptive information about the schools participating in the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program (MPCP). Following a brief history of the MPCP, this year's report contains a set of baseline descriptive statistics…

Kisida, Brian; Jensen, Laura; Rahn, James C.; Wolf, Patrick J.

2008-01-01

154

The Milwaukee Parental Choice Program: Descriptive Report on Participating Schools. SCDP Milwaukee Evaluation Report #8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the second in a series of annual reports produced by the School Choice Demonstration Project (SCDP) providing descriptive information about the schools participating in the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program (MPCP). Following a brief history of the MPCP, this year's report contains a set of baseline descriptive statistics about…

Kisida, Brian; Jensen, Laura I.; Wolf, Patrick J.

2009-01-01

155

Description of the thermoelastic\\/plastic computer program TEPCO. Memorandum report RSI-0040  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presented is a description of the two-dimensional (plane strain, axial symmetry) thermoelastic\\/plastic computer program TEPCO used by RE\\/SPEC Inc. in conjunction with an investigation of rock mechanics of underground radioactive waste disposal.

Pariseau

1975-01-01

156

Description of the Thermoelastic/Plastic Computer Program TEPCO. Memorandum Report Rsi-0040.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Presented is a description of the two-dimensional (plane strain, axial symmetry) thermoelastic/plastic computer program TEPCO used by RE/SPEC Inc. in conjunction with an investigation of rock mechanics of underground radioactive waste disposal. (ERA citat...

W. G. Pariseau

1975-01-01

157

SINDA-NASTRAN interfacing program theoretical description and user's manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The task of converting SINDA finite difference thermal model temperature results into NASTRAN finite element model thermal loads can be very labor intensive if there is not one node-to-one element, or systematic node-to-element. correlation between models. This paper describes the SINDA-NASTRAN Interfacing Program (SNIP), a FORTRAN computer code that generates NASTRAN structural model thermal load cards given by SINDA (or similar thermal model) temperature results and thermal model geometric data. SNIP generates NASTRAN thermal load cards for NASTRAN plate, shell, bar, and beam elements. The paper describes the interfacing procedures used by SNIP, and discusses set-up and operation of the program. Sample cases are included to demonstrate use of the program and show its performance under a variety of conditions. SNIP can provide structural model thermal loads that accurately reflect thermal model results while reducing the time required to interface thermal and structural models when compared to other methods.

Winegar, Steven R.

1987-01-01

158

LACIE performance predictor final operational capability program description, volume 3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The requirements and processing logic for the LACIE Error Model program (LEM) are described. This program is an integral part of the Large Area Crop Inventory Experiment (LACIE) system. LEM is that portion of the LPP (LACIE Performance Predictor) which simulates the sample segment classification, strata yield estimation, and production aggregation. LEM controls repetitive Monte Carlo trials based on input error distributions to obtain statistical estimates of the wheat area, yield, and production at different levels of aggregation. LEM interfaces with the rest of the LPP through a set of data files.

1976-01-01

159

Hematopoietic stem cell donation.  

PubMed

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is now an important treatment for numerous diseases. Donation of hematopoietic stem cells, either through bone marrow (BM) harvesting or peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) collection, is a well-established and generally accepted procedure. The BM is aspirated from the posterior iliac crest under spinal or general anesthesia, and common side effects include fatigue and local pain. PBSC collection requires 4-6 days of G-CSF injections and leukapheresis 1-2 times. Common side effects of these procedures include bone pain, fatigue, and headache. The side effects of BM and PBSC collections are mostly transient and well tolerated. Severe adverse events are uncommon in healthy donors. At present, there is no definitive evidence to show that the stem cell donation increases the risk of marrow failure or cancer development. Nevertheless, all donors must be carefully evaluated and fully informed before donation. Donors must be able to provide informed consent without being coerced or pressured. Donors and graft products must be examined for potential agents to avoid transmitting infections and other diseases that may jeopardize donor's health during stem cell collection or recipient's well being after transplantation. Understanding the potential physical and psychological complications of stem cell donation and factors that may increase risks is very important to ensure that transplantation physicians maintain positive attitude in conducting this benevolent practice. PMID:23420184

Chen, Shu-Huey; Wang, Tso-Fu; Yang, Kuo-Liang

2013-04-01

160

Rise in organ donations  

Microsoft Academic Search

relatives. The EDHEP II includes three role plays with involvement of the actors. The role plays include children as organ donors, and how to cope when relatives have different opinions about the request for donation. The participants are asked to play the doctor or nurse, with respect to their particular difficulties. Before the role play the actors are asked to

Sven Arvid Birkeland; Anders Korsgaard Christensen; Michael Kosteljanetz; Hans Martin Svarre

1997-01-01

161

Organ and Tissue Donation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Directive establishes the Department of Defense (DoD) policy and procedures under 8A Uniform Laws Annotated 30, 'Uniform Anatomical Gift Act,' 1968 and Public Law 98-507, 'National Organ Transplant Act,' October 19, 1984, for donating and procuring fu...

D. Mapes

1987-01-01

162

Donate Life America  

MedlinePLUS

... 22 Jumbo Jets Crashing Every Year Due to Organ Donor Shortage – Press Release Contribute Make a Gift Now Support Support Our Work Now by Making a Financial Contribution.Your contribution will help to save and heal lives through organ, eye and tissue donation.

163

Media Literacy Education Program Evaluators: What's the Job Description, Again?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School program evaluation researchers face a set of overlapping questions concerning our roles in the field: For the sake of "the data" and in quest of "the truth," am I a shrewd researcher before all else? For the sake of community-building and establishing respectful, reciprocal relationships with my school partners, am I first a gracious school…

DaCosta, Kneia Octavia

2012-01-01

164

DOPHOT, a CCD photometry program: Description and tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design considerations and operational features of DOPHOT, a point-spread function (PSF) fitting photometry program, are described. Some relevant details of the PSF fitting are discussed. The quality of the photometry returned by DOPHOT is assessed via reductions of an 'artificial' globular cluster generated from a list of stars with known magnitudes and colors. Results from comparative tests between DOPHOT

Paul L. Schechter; Mario Mateo; Abhijit Saha

1993-01-01

165

Quality Assurance Program description, Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF)  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Westinghouse Savannah River Company's (WSRC) Quality Assurance Program for Defense Waste Processing at the Savannah River Site (SRS). WSRC is the operating contractor for the US Department of Energy (DOE) at the SRS. The following objectives are achieved through developing and implementing the Quality Assurance Program: (1) Ensure that the attainment of quality (in accomplishing defense high-level waste processing objectives at the SRS) is at a level commensurate with the government's responsibility for protecting public health and safety, the environment, the public investment, and for efficiently and effectively using national resources. (2) Ensure that high-level waste from qualification and production activities conform to requirements defined by OCRWM. These activities include production processes, equipment, and services; and products that are planned, designed, procured, fabricated, installed, tested, operated, maintained, modified, or produced.

Maslar, S.R.

1992-11-02

166

Acute toxicities of unrelated bone marrow versus peripheral blood stem cell donation: results of a prospective trial from the National Marrow Donor Program.  

PubMed

Although peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) have replaced bone marrow (BM) as the most common unrelated donor progenitor cell product collected, a direct comparison of concurrent PBSC versus BM donation experiences has not been performed. We report a prospective study of 2726 BM and 6768 PBSC donors who underwent collection from 2004 to 2009. Pain and toxicities were assessed at baseline, during G-CSF administration, on the day of collection, within 48 hours of donation, and weekly until full recovery. Peak levels of pain and toxicities did not differ between the 2 donation processes for most donors. Among obese donors, PBSC donors were at increased risk of grade 2 to 4 pain as well as grade 2 to 4 toxicities during the pericollection period. In contrast, BM donors were more likely to experience grade 2 to 4 toxicities at 1 week and pain at 1 week and 1 month after the procedure. BM donors experienced slower recovery, with 3% still not fully recovered at 24 weeks, whereas 100% of PBSC donors had recovered. Other factors associated with toxicity included obesity, increasing age, and female sex. In summary, this study provides extensive detail regarding individualized risk patterns of PBSC versus BM donation toxicity, suggesting donor profiles that can be targeted with interventions to minimize toxicity. PMID:23109243

Pulsipher, Michael A; Chitphakdithai, Pintip; Logan, Brent R; Shaw, Bronwen E; Wingard, John R; Lazarus, Hillard M; Waller, Edmund K; Seftel, Matthew; Stroncek, David F; Lopez, Angela M; Maharaj, Dipnarine; Hematti, Peiman; O'Donnell, Paul V; Loren, Alison W; Leitman, Susan F; Anderlini, Paolo; Goldstein, Steven C; Levine, John E; Navarro, Willis H; Miller, John P; Confer, Dennis L

2013-01-01

167

Acute toxicities of unrelated bone marrow versus peripheral blood stem cell donation: results of a prospective trial from the National Marrow Donor Program  

PubMed Central

Although peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) have replaced bone marrow (BM) as the most common unrelated donor progenitor cell product collected, a direct comparison of concurrent PBSC versus BM donation experiences has not been performed. We report a prospective study of 2726 BM and 6768 PBSC donors who underwent collection from 2004 to 2009. Pain and toxicities were assessed at baseline, during G-CSF administration, on the day of collection, within 48 hours of donation, and weekly until full recovery. Peak levels of pain and toxicities did not differ between the 2 donation processes for most donors. Among obese donors, PBSC donors were at increased risk of grade 2 to 4 pain as well as grade 2 to 4 toxicities during the pericollection period. In contrast, BM donors were more likely to experience grade 2 to 4 toxicities at 1 week and pain at 1 week and 1 month after the procedure. BM donors experienced slower recovery, with 3% still not fully recovered at 24 weeks, whereas 100% of PBSC donors had recovered. Other factors associated with toxicity included obesity, increasing age, and female sex. In summary, this study provides extensive detail regarding individualized risk patterns of PBSC versus BM donation toxicity, suggesting donor profiles that can be targeted with interventions to minimize toxicity.

Chitphakdithai, Pintip; Logan, Brent R.; Shaw, Bronwen E.; Wingard, John R.; Lazarus, Hillard M.; Waller, Edmund K.; Seftel, Matthew; Stroncek, David F.; Lopez, Angela M.; Maharaj, Dipnarine; Hematti, Peiman; O'Donnell, Paul V.; Loren, Alison W.; Leitman, Susan F.; Anderlini, Paolo; Goldstein, Steven C.; Levine, John E.; Navarro, Willis H.; Miller, John P.; Confer, Dennis L.

2013-01-01

168

Hanford surplus facilities programs facilities listings and descriptions. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

On the Hanford Site, many surplus facilities exist (including buildings, stacks, tanks, cribs, burial grounds, and septic systems) that are scheduled to be decommissioned. Many of these facilities contain large inventories of radionuclides, which present potential radiological hazards on and off the Hanford Site. Some structures with limited structural deterioration present potential radiological and industrial safety hazards to personnel. Because of the condition of these facilities, a systematic surveillance and maintenance program is performed to identify and correct potential hazards to personnel and the environment until eventual decommissioning operations are completed.

Kiser, S.K.; Witt, T.L.

1994-01-01

169

FALCON reactor-pumped laser description and program overview  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The fission activated laser concept (FALCON) reactor-pumped laser program at Sandia National Laboratories is examining the feasibility of high-power systems pumped directly by the energy from a nuclear reactor. In this concept we use the highly energetic fission fragments from neutron induced fission to excite a large volume laser medium. This technology has the potential to scale to extremely large optical power outputs in a primarily self-powered device. A laser system of this type could also be relatively compact and capable of long run times without refueling.

Pickard, P. S.

170

Description of the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program  

SciTech Connect

The background and the results to date of the Department of Energy program to identify and evaluate the radiological conditions at sites formerly utilized by the Corps of Engineers' Manhattan Engineer District (MED) and the US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) are summarized. The sites of concern were federally, privately, and institutionally owned and were used primarily for research, processing, and storage of uranium and thorium ores, concentrates, or residues. Some sites were subsequently released for other purposes without radiological restriction. Surveys have been conducted since 1974 to document radiological conditions at such sites. Based on radiological surveys, sites are identified in this document that require, or are projected to require, remedial action to remove potential restrictions on the use of the property due to the presence of residual low-level radioactive contamination. Specific recommendations for each site will result from more detailed environmental and engineering surveys to be conducted at those sites and, if necessary, an environmental impact assessment or environmental impact statement will be prepared. Section 3.0 describes the current standards and guidelines now being used to conduct remedial actions. Current authority of the US Department of Energy (DOE) to proceed with remedial actions and the new authority required are summarized. A plan to implement the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) in accordance with the new authority is presented, including the objectives, scope, general approach, and a summary schedule. Key issues affecting schedule and cost are discussed.

Not Available

1980-09-01

171

[Descriptions of Courses Offered in Elective English Programs of Five Minneapolis, Minnesota, High Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Procedures and course descriptions are provided for elective English programs in five Minneapolis high schools. These programs cover the areas of composition, American and English literature, language skills, speech, vocational English, drama, poetry, and media study. Some of the numerous courses include "Alienated Man,""Bookless Class,""Myths and…

Minneapolis Public Schools, Minn.

172

Computer Analysis of Stress-Strain Data: Program Description and User Instructions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A program description is given for a computer program which fits analytical expressions to experimental stress-strain, tension, or compression data. For stress values up to approximately the 0.2% offset yield strength, the three parameters for the Ramberg...

R. P. Papirno

1976-01-01

173

Characteristics of PETE Doctoral Level Institutions: Descriptions of Programs, Faculty and Doctoral Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study of Doctoral PETE programs provided an extensive description of demographic data which included: (a) doctoral program characteristics, (b) faculty, and (c) doctoral graduates. Several data sets from the academic years of 2005-06 and 2008-09 as well as selected summary data from 1996-97 through 2008-09 were used to make comparisons…

Boyce, B. Ann; Rikard, G. Linda

2011-01-01

174

Postdoctoral nursing education in infection control: program description.  

PubMed

The need to identify and evaluate those clinical practices that are efficacious in reducing risk of nosocomial infection is clear. A model of large-scale programmatic evaluation is the Study of the Efficacy of Nosocomial Infection Control. Other important clinical studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of practices such as closed urinary drainage and management of intravascular lines and the ineffectiveness of such practices as double bagging and routine gowning in the newborn nursery. Clearly, research is one essential way to direct practice in infection control. It is our goal that the Johnson & Johnson/SURGIKOS Postdoctoral Nursing Fellows in Infection Control will make a significant contribution to the knowledge base in the specialty. The need for collaboration by government, industry, and academia in addressing health care research needs has been recently emphasized. We also believe that this Program can serve as one model for such a collaborative effort. PMID:3207209

Larson, E; Butz, A; Korniewicz, D

1988-12-01

175

Advanced predoctoral implant program at UIC: description and qualitative analysis.  

PubMed

Dental implant education has increasingly become an integral part of predoctoral dental curricula. However, the majority of implant education emphasizes the restorative aspect as opposed to the surgical. The University of Illinois at Chicago College of Dentistry has developed an Advanced Predoctoral Implant Program (APIP) that provides a select group of students the opportunity to place implants for single-tooth restorations and mandibular overdentures. This article describes the rationale, logistics, experiences, and perspectives of an innovative approach to provide additional learning experiences in the care of patients with partial and complete edentulism using implant-supported therapies. Student and faculty perspectives on the APIP were ascertained via focus group discussions and a student survey. The qualitative analysis of this study suggests that the select predoctoral dental students highly benefited from this experience and intend to increase their knowledge and skills in implant dentistry through formal education following graduation. Furthermore, the survey indicates that the APIP has had a positive influence on the students' interest in surgically placing implants in their future dental practice and their confidence level in restoring and surgically placing implants. PMID:24789837

Afshari, Fatemeh S; Yuan, Judy Chia-Chun; Quimby, Anastasiya; Harlow, Rand; Campbell, Stephen D; Sukotjo, Cortino

2014-05-01

176

A systematic review and meta-analysis of antecedents of blood donation behavior and intentions.  

PubMed

This meta-analysis sought to identify the strongest antecedents of blood donation behavior and intentions. It synthesized the results of 24 predictive correlational studies of donation behavior and 37 studies of donation intentions. The antecedents were grouped into six research programs: (1) the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and its extensions, (2) prosocial motivation, (3) affective expectations, (4) donor site experience, (5) past donation behavior, and (6) donor demographics. Antecedent categories were cross-validated by multiple coders, and combined effect sizes were analyzed using a random-effects model. For donation behavior, medium positive associations were found with five of the constructs from the extended TPB: intentions to donate, perceived behavioral control, attitude toward donation, self-efficacy and donor role identity. Other antecedents displaying a positive association with donation behavior included anticipated regret for not donating, number of past donations and donor age. Donor experiences at the collection site in the form of temporary deferral or adverse reactions had a medium negative association with behavior. For donation intentions, strong positive associations were observed for perceived behavioral control, attitude, self-efficacy, role identity and anticipated regret. Medium positive associations were observed for personal moral norm, subjective norm, satisfaction, and service quality. All other potential antecedents had weak or non-significant associations with behavior and intentions. Several of these associations were moderated by between-study differences, including donor experience, the period of data collection in which donation behavior was observed, and the use of a nominal (yes/no return) versus a ratio measure of donation behavior. Collectively, the results underscore the importance of enhancing donors' attitudes towards donation and building their perceived behavioral control and self-efficacy to donate. Further, minimizing the risk of adverse reactions and enacting re-recruitment policies for temporarily deferred donors will help protect future donation behavior. Implications of these findings for blood collection agencies and researchers are discussed. PMID:24034955

Bednall, Timothy C; Bove, Liliana L; Cheetham, Ali; Murray, Andrea L

2013-11-01

177

Compensated Kidney Donation: An Ethical Review of the Iranian Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Iran has had a program of compensated kidney donation from living unrelated (LUR) donors since 1997. The aim of the program was to address the increasing demand for kidney transplantation in a morally sound manner. The program was successful in terms of increasing the number of kidneys available for transplantation. This paper presents a critical review of the program and

Alireza Bagheri

2006-01-01

178

Development of a universal book and journal donation resource  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the creation and development of The Donation Programs for Books, Journals and Media Web page housed on the Health Sciences Library (HSL), University at Buffalo (UB) Web site []http:\\/\\/ublib.buffalo.edu\\/hsl\\/donationprogram.html]. The evolution of the page is traced from its beginnings in February 1998 to the present and other donation resources are mentioned. Gifts and Exchange (G&E) practices in

Pamela M. Rose

2003-01-01

179

Personal DNA donation to energize genomic medicine.  

PubMed

Immense strides toward improved human genomic sequencing have been made over the past decade, but significant obstacles to clinical research and translation are now evident. Novel approaches able to traverse financial, regulatory, and ethical obstacles on behalf of patients and the public health are needed. We propose a novel approach to the collection and annotation of personal genomic data using an organized donation program analogous to the national organ-procurement system. PMID:24448457

Lu, W J; Flockhart, D A

2014-02-01

180

ModMAP (Modular Multiple Alternatives Program). Program Description 1973-1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Modular Multiple Alternatives Program (ModMaP), being developed at the University of Bridgeport, is the first competency-based, individualized graduate program in teacher education in the state of Connecticut. The program focuses on elementary teacher training and includes both master's and six-year level options. The program provides the…

Bridgeport Univ., CT. Coll. of Education.

181

Automated generation of DSP program development tools using a machine description formalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors introduce a retargetable microcode generator for application specific digital signal processors (ASDSPs). The primary goal is to provide quickly system architects with the set of tools necessary for program development (assemblers, instruction set simulators, debuggers, and compilers), particularly when the processor architecture is refined simultaneously with the algorithm. After a modification of the architecture, only the machine description

A. Fauth; A. Knoll

1993-01-01

182

Mathematical description and program documentation for CLASSY, an adaptive maximum likelihood clustering method  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Discussed in this report is the clustering algorithm CLASSY, including detailed descriptions of its general structure and mathematical background and of the various major subroutines. The report provides a development of the logic and equations used with specific reference to program variables. Some comments on timing and proposed optimization techniques are included.

Lennington, R. K.; Rassbach, M. E.

1979-01-01

183

Description of a Computer Program to Estimate Transfer Function Parameters from System Response Data.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A description is given of a computer program developed to process data obtained from servo-response analyzer tests on prime mover fuel controls into analytical transfer functions suitable for representing the transient behavior of the fuel control in a co...

J. L. Coggins P. F. Strong R. H. Spencer

1970-01-01

184

Chapter 19 Donative nonprofit organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter, we explore why donations are made to nonprofit organizations instead of other institutions or directly to recipients; how such nonprofit organizations behave; and what is the appropriate public policy toward subsidizing and regulating these entities. We focus on donative nonprofits—organizations precluded from distributing their surplus revenues to those in control that receive resources in the forms of

Marc Bilodeau; Richard Steinberg

2006-01-01

185

Kidney paired donation in the presence of donor-specific antibodies  

PubMed Central

Incompatible donor/recipient pairs with broadly sensitized recipients have difficulty finding a crossmatch-compatible match, despite a large kidney paired donation pool. One approach to this problem is to combine kidney paired donation with lower-risk crossmatch-incompatible transplantation with intravenous immunoglobulin. Whether this strategy is non-inferior compared with transplantation of sensitized patients without donor-specific antibody (DSA) is unknown. Here we used a protocol including a virtual crossmatch to identify acceptable crossmatch-incompatible donors and the administration of intravenous immunoglobulin to transplant 12 HLA-sensitized patients (median calculated panel reactive antibody 98%) with allografts from our kidney paired donation program. This group constituted the DSA(+) kidney paired donation group. We compared rates of rejection and survival between the DSA(+) kidney paired donation group with a similar group of 10 highly sensitized patients (median calculated panel reactive antibody 85%) that underwent DSA(?) kidney paired donation transplantation without intravenous immunoglobulin. At median follow-up of 22 months, the DSA(+) kidney paired donation group had patient and graft survival of 100%. Three patients in the DSA(+) kidney paired donation group experienced antibody-mediated rejection. Patient and graft survival in the DSA(?) kidney paired donation recipients was 100% at median follow-up of 18 months. No rejection occurred in the DSA(?) kidney paired donation group. Thus, our study provides a clinical framework through which kidney paired donation can be performed with acceptable outcomes across a crossmatch-incompatible transplant.

Blumberg, Jeremy M.; Gritsch, Hans A.; Reed, Elaine F.; Cecka, J.M.; Lipshutz, Gerald S.; Danovitch, Gabriel M.; McGuire, Suzanne; Gjertson, David W.; Veale, Jeffrey L.

2014-01-01

186

Kidney paired donation in the presence of donor-specific antibodies.  

PubMed

Incompatible donor/recipient pairs with broadly sensitized recipients have difficulty finding a crossmatch-compatible match, despite a large kidney paired donation pool. One approach to this problem is to combine kidney paired donation with lower-risk crossmatch-incompatible transplantation with intravenous immunoglobulin. Whether this strategy is non-inferior compared with transplantation of sensitized patients without donor-specific antibody (DSA) is unknown. Here we used a protocol including a virtual crossmatch to identify acceptable crossmatch-incompatible donors and the administration of intravenous immunoglobulin to transplant 12 HLA-sensitized patients (median calculated panel reactive antibody 98%) with allografts from our kidney paired donation program. This group constituted the DSA(+) kidney paired donation group. We compared rates of rejection and survival between the DSA(+) kidney paired donation group with a similar group of 10 highly sensitized patients (median calculated panel reactive antibody 85%) that underwent DSA(-) kidney paired donation transplantation without intravenous immunoglobulin. At median follow-up of 22 months, the DSA(+) kidney paired donation group had patient and graft survival of 100%. Three patients in the DSA(+) kidney paired donation group experienced antibody-mediated rejection. Patient and graft survival in the DSA(-) kidney paired donation recipients was 100% at median follow-up of 18 months. No rejection occurred in the DSA(-) kidney paired donation group. Thus, our study provides a clinical framework through which kidney paired donation can be performed with acceptable outcomes across a crossmatch-incompatible transplant. PMID:23715120

Blumberg, Jeremy M; Gritsch, Hans A; Reed, Elaine F; Cecka, J M; Lipshutz, Gerald S; Danovitch, Gabriel M; McGuire, Suzanne; Gjertson, David W; Veale, Jeffrey L

2013-11-01

187

Embryo donation: attitudes toward donation procedures and factors predicting willingness to donate  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess infertile couples' attitudes toward the procedures of embryo donation (ED) and to identify factors predicting interest in donation. METHODS: Fifty-one couples who had received IVF treatment and had subsequently had embryos cryopreserved for >3 years were located and sent writ- ten information about the procedures for ED and possible implications of

Christopher R. Newton; Ann McDermid; Francis Tekpetey; Ian S. Tummon

2003-01-01

188

[Marketing in the world of blood donation].  

PubMed

Public and non-profit organizations have long debated how marketing concepts and management styles apply to their sector of activity as they are largely derived from principles of consumerism and economic decision-making proper to the private sector. The arrival of marketing in the world of blood donation is no exception. The purpose of this article is to illustrate concretely how marketing techniques can contribute in achieving the objectives of a blood donation program: a marketing model that is adapted to the realities of blood donation in Quebec. Although types of marketing are as varied as the fields they are used in, the major marketing activities of this program fall under positioning, operational or relationship marketing. The process is presented in the form of a cycle that includes four major phases containing all marketing functions, that is, raising public awareness, acquiring a clientele, client retention and loyalty building, and establishing the relationship. Finally, the information and effective management of information are at the heart of the marketing process. In fact, research, understanding our customers and their expectations, and measuring our performance are essential for the success of any marketing initiative. PMID:17524694

Daigneault, Sylvie

2007-05-01

189

Description of CASCOMP Comprehensive Airship Sizing and Performance Computer Program, Volume 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The computer program CASCOMP, which may be used in comparative design studies of lighter than air vehicles by rapidly providing airship size and mission performance data, was prepared and documented. The program can be used to define design requirements such as weight breakdown, required propulsive power, and physical dimensions of airships which are designed to meet specified mission requirements. The program is also useful in sensitivity studies involving both design trade-offs and performance trade-offs. The input to the program primarily consists of a series of single point values such as hull overall fineness ratio, number of engines, airship hull and empennage drag coefficients, description of the mission profile, and weights of fixed equipment, fixed useful load and payload. In order to minimize computation time, the program makes ample use of optional computation paths.

Davis, J.

1975-01-01

190

[Embryo donation in developing countries].  

PubMed

In theory there are three things that can happen to surplus embryos: cryopreservation, discarding, or donation. Embryo donation has three different aims: clinical use (generally infertility therapy), research (basic biomedical research, stem cell research, etc.) or teaching (mainly used by clinical embryologists). We present a literature review that analyzes empirical data from developed countries (Germany, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Spain, U.S.A., Finland, France, Italy, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Sweden and Switzerland) regarding the probable fate of surplus embryos. According to the literature, embryos are most often discarded or donated for research. PMID:20957822

Alvarez-Díaz, Jorge Alberto

2010-01-01

191

Attitudes of Turkish Anatomists Toward Cadaver Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an insufficient number of cadavers in anatomy education in Turkey. This is because of decreased number of unclaimed bodies and very few cadaver donations. Increasing the number of cadaver donation is one of the probable solutions. Although anatomists encourage people to donate bodies, the attitudes of anatomists toward donating their own bodies for dissection is not well known.

OZLEM SARIKAYA

192

People's attitudes and reactions to organ donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is based on the author's previous studies on people's reactions to organ donation, including both questionnaire surveys and qualitative interviews. A model was developed where six anti-donation factors and two pro-donation factors influence the attitude toward organ donation. This model can be applied also to other procedures with the dead body such as autopsy, anatomical dissection, and burial.

Margareta A. Sanner

2006-01-01

193

41 CFR 102-37.535 - What information must FAA provide to GSA on its administration of the public airport donation...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...GSA on its administration of the public airport donation program? 102-37.535 ...PERSONAL PROPERTY Donations to Public Airports § 102-37.535 What information...GSA on its administration of the public airport donation program? So that GSA...

2013-07-01

194

United States General Accounting Office Report to Congressional Committees: Federally Donated Meat and Poultry: Information on Extent and Impact of States' Restrictions on Processors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Each year, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) purchases and donates hundreds of millions of dollars' worth of agricultural commodities, including meat and poultry, to support various domestic food assistance programs. Over half of the donated agric...

1996-01-01

195

The effects of preoperative autologous donations on perioperative blood levels.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the blood levels of patients preparing for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) who were enrolled in a preoperative autologous donation program. The charts and hospital records of 70 consecutive patients who underwent primary unilateral TKA between 2000 and 2002 were retrospectively reviewed. Study participants were instructed to donate one unit of blood approximately 4 weeks prior to surgery. Predonation and preoperative hemoglobin levels were assessed throughout the study and transfusion requirements were recorded. Transfusions were administered only when warranted by clinical symptoms. The mean initial (predonation) hemoglobin concentration was 14.1 g/dL. The mean number of days donations were made prior to surgery was 13 +/- 3.3 days. Prior to surgery, the average hemoglobin concentration dropped to 12.8 g/dL. Fifty (71%) patients had a hemoglobin value > 13.0 g/dL prior to their autologous donation, but only 30 (43%) patients had blood levels > or = 13.0 g/dL following blood donation. Postoperatively, the mean hemoglobin concentration in the recovery room was 11.6 g/dL and dropped to a nadir of 10.8 g/dL on postoperative day 3. Overall, 91% of patients required autologous blood transfusion following TKA but no patients required allogeneic blood transfusions. Preoperative autologous donation was associated with a decrease in preoperative hemoglobin levels and with a high rate of autologous transfusion based on clinical symptoms of postoperative anemia. PMID:17665782

Lee, Gwo-Chin; Cushner, Fred D

2007-07-01

196

Organ Donation and Transplantation Statistics  

MedlinePLUS

... Pressure Point Home News Organ Donation and Transplantation Statistics as of January 8, 2014 There are currently ... important that they know your wishes. Facts and statistics provided by the United States Renal Data System , ...

197

[The costs of altruism in organ donation case analysis].  

PubMed

Three main assumptions were considered for the structure of donation programs during the decade of the sixties: the first states that people, through altruism, would feel committed with the affected and therefore incentivized to donate. The second one states that the human body can not be valued in mercantile terms; therefore organ donation should not be done free of any charges. The last one states donation does not represent any type of harm or damage for the donor. Today, more tan four decades away from their instauration, these three assumptions have been violated and modified due to the way in which they were socialized through the donation protocols. Altruism did not seem to be as generalized as expected, and organ commerce has already gone beyond the legislative frameworks that intended to prevent it; one example is the case of India. In this paper we analyze--through two objectives--the repercussions and impact that took effect in four cases registered in the National Institute of Cardiology (Instituto Nacional de Cardiología) "Ignacio Chávez" in Mexico City. First objective: to describe the economical costs that the altruism-based donation protocol caused on the participant families. Second objective: to reflect on other costs that affected donators due to organ donation. It was found on the reviewed cases that repercussions can go beyond the economical issues; labor related, emotional and ethical repercussions were found too due to a undeniable sensation of reification that donors experience in view of the mechanization of the study protocol they undergo, specially when results are not the optimum. We circumscribe this paper’s analysis to living donors. PMID:20886909

Netza Cardoso, Cruz; Casas Martínez, María Luz Lina; Ramírez García, Hugo

2010-01-01

198

Financial incentives to increase Canadian organ donation: quick fix or fallacy?  

PubMed

Unlike the United States, the potential to increase organ donation in Canada may be sufficient to meet the need for transplantation. However, there has been no national coordinated effort to increase organ donation. Strategies that do not involve payment for organs, such as investment in health care resources to support deceased donor organ donation and introduction of a remuneration framework for the work of deceased organ donation, should be prioritized for implementation. Financial incentives that may be permitted under existing legislation and that pose little risk to existing donation sources should be advanced, including the following: payment of funeral expenses for potential donors who register their decision on organ donation during life (irrespective of the decision to donate or actual organ donation) and removal of disincentives for directed and paired exchange living donation, such as payment of wages, payment for pain and suffering related to the donor surgery, and payment of directed living kidney donors for participation in Canada's paired exchange program. In contrast, it would be premature to contemplate a regulated system of organ sales that would require a paradigm shift in the current approach to organ donation and legislative change to implement. PMID:24200461

Gill, John S; Klarenbach, Scott; Barnieh, Lianne; Caulfield, Timothy; Knoll, Greg; Levin, Adeera; Cole, Edward H

2014-01-01

199

Quality assurance requirements and description for the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program  

SciTech Connect

The Quality Assurance Requirements and Description (QARD) is the principal quality assurance document for the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program (Program). It establishes the minimum requirements for the Quality Assurance Program. The QARD contains regulatory requirements and program commitments necessary for the development of an effective quality assurance program. Quality assurance implementing documents must be based on, and consistent with, QARD requirements. The QARD applies to the following: (1) acceptance of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste; (2) transport of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste; (3) the Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) facility through application for an operating license; (4) Mined Geologic Disposal System (MGDS), including the site characterization activities (exploratory studies facility (ESF) and surface based testing), through application for an operating license; (5) the high-level-waste form from production through acceptance. Section 2.0 defines in greater detail criteria for determining work subject to QARD requirements. The QARD is organized into sections, supplements, appendices, and a glossary. The sections contain requirements that are common to all Program elements. The supplements contain requirements for specialized activities. The appendices contain requirements that are specific to an individual Program element. The glossary establishes a common vocabulary for the Quality Assurance Program.

Not Available

1992-12-18

200

Quality assurance requirements and description for the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

The Quality Assurance Requirements and Description (QARD) is the principal quality assurance document for the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program (Program). It establishes the minimum requirements for the Quality Assurance Program. The QARD contains regulatory requirements and program commitments necessary for the development of an effective quality assurance program. Quality assurance implementing documents must be based on, and consistent with, QARD requirements. The QARD applies to the following: (1) acceptance of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste; (2) transport of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste; (3) the Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) facility through application for an operating license; (4) Mined Geologic Disposal System (MGDS), including the site characterization activities (exploratory studies facility (ESF) and surface based testing), through application for an operating license; (5) the high-level-waste form from production through acceptance. Section 2.0 defines in greater detail criteria for determining work subject to QARD requirements. The QARD is organized into sections, supplements, appendices, and a glossary. The sections contain requirements that are common to all Program elements. The supplements contain requirements for specialized activities. The appendices contain requirements that are specific to an individual Program element. The glossary establishes a common vocabulary for the Quality Assurance Program.

Not Available

1992-12-18

201

[Organ donation in Switzerland].  

PubMed

Since 1985 Swisstransplant coordinates all allocations for organ transplantations in Switzerland. During these 20 years the number of deceased donors decreased, while the number of living donors increased. In the same period the number of patients on a waiting list for organ transplantation increased significantly, up to more than 1000 at the end of2004. During the year 2004 412 patients were transplanted, 43 (4%) died while waiting on the list. In comparison to other European countries the frequency of organ donation from deceased donors is relatively low in Switzerland, only 13 per million inhabitants. In order to treat the high number of patients needing organ transplantation, additional efforts have to be undertaken in future. The measures include the development of alternative therapies preventing or treating organ failure, the amelioration of legal conditions of organ transplantation with the new law, an increase of resources and knowledge to improve donor evaluation and donor pools in the donor hospitals, a further improvement of the allocation process, the enhancement of information and motivation of the population by the patient organisations, the medical staff, Swisstransplant and eventually public means. PMID:16075948

Müller, C; Vernet, D; Moretti, D; Klinger, S; Vernet, J P

2005-07-01

202

7 CFR 250.56 - Provision of donated foods in NSLP.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...ITS JURISDICTION National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and Other Child Nutrition Programs § 250.56 ...provide donated foods to school food authorities that...

2014-01-01

203

WINDOW 4. 0: Program description. A PC program for analyzing the thermal performance of fenestration products  

SciTech Connect

WINDOW 4.0 is a publicly available IBM PC compatible computer program developed by the Windows and Daylighting Group at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory for calculating total window thermal performance indices (e.g. U-values, solar heat gain coefficients, shading coefficients, and visible transmittances). WINDOW 4.0 provides a versatile heat transfer analysis method consistent with the rating procedure developed by the National Fenestration Rating Council (NFRC). The program can be used to design and develop new products, to rate and compare performance characteristics of all types of window products, to assist educators in teaching heat transfer through windows, and to help public officials in developing building energy codes. WINDOW 4.0 is a major revision to WINDOW 3.1 and we strongly urge all users to read this manual before using the program. Users who need professional assistance with the WINDOW 4.0 program or other window performance simulation issues are encouraged to contact one or more of the NFRC-accredited Simulation Laboratories. A list of these accredited simulation professionals is available from the NFRC.

Not Available

1992-03-01

204

TACAN operational description for the space shuttle orbital flight test program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The TACAN subsystems (three TACAN transponders, six antennas, a subsystem operating program, and redundancy management software in a tutorial form) are discussed and the interaction between these subsystems and the shuttle navigation system are identified. The use of TACAN during the first space transportation system (STS-1), is followed by a brief functional description of the TACAN hardware, then proceeds to cover the software units with a view to the STS-1, and ends with a discussion on the shuttle usage of the TACAN data and anticipated performance.

Hughes, C. L.; Hudock, P. J.

1979-01-01

205

Performance Analysis and Design Synthesis (PADS) computer program. Volume 2: Program description, part 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The QL module of the Performance Analysis and Design Synthesis (PADS) computer program is described. Execution of this module is initiated when and if subroutine PADSI calls subroutine GROPE. Subroutine GROPE controls the high level logical flow of the QL module. The purpose of the module is to determine a trajectory that satisfies the necessary variational conditions for optimal performance. The module achieves this by solving a nonlinear multi-point boundary value problem. The numerical method employed is described. It is an iterative technique that converges quadratically when it does converge. The three basic steps of the module are: (1) initialization, (2) iteration, and (3) culmination. For Volume 1 see N73-13199.

1972-01-01

206

Milwaukee Parental Choice Program: Descriptive Report on Participating Schools, 2010-11. SCDP Milwaukee Evaluation Report #33  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the fifth in a series of annual reports produced by the School Choice Demonstration Project (SCDP) providing descriptive information about the schools participating in the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program (MPCP). Following a brief history of the MPCP, this year's report contains descriptive statistics about schools participating in…

McShane, Michael Q.; Kisida, Brian; Jensen, Laura I.; Wolf, Patrick J.

2012-01-01

207

Podiatric Medical Education Data Study. Volume 2. Description of Organizational and Operational Aspects of Existing Podiatric Residency Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The task reported in this volume involved collecting, analyzing, and presenting descriptive data on the organization, operation, and financial aspects of podiatric residency programs. This was accomplished by utilizing a case study approach whereby five (...

J. R. Carson

1983-01-01

208

An adaptive maneuvering logic computer program for the simulation of one-to-one air-to-air combat. Volume 2: Program description  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A detailed description is presented of the computer programs in order to provide an understanding of the mathematical and geometrical relationships as implemented in the programs. The individual sbbroutines and their underlying mathematical relationships are described, and the required input data and the output provided by the program are explained. The relationship of the adaptive maneuvering logic program with the program to drive the differential maneuvering simulator is discussed.

Burgin, G. H.; Owens, A. J.

1975-01-01

209

Diploma Nurse - Baccalaureate Nurse: Is There a Difference? Report on a Descriptive Study of College Diploma Nursing Programs and the Generic Degree Nursing Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A descriptive study identified the differences in educational content between four college diploma nursing programs in British Columbia and the University of British Columbia's (UBC) generic baccalaureate proqram in nursing. Findings indicated differences among the five programs in all aspects of the nursing programs that were compared:…

Zabawski, Pauline

210

A Marked Increase in Organ Donation in Puerto Rico  

Microsoft Academic Search

During its first years of existence, the Puerto Rico Transplant Program barely reached 18 to 20 renal transplants per year. A brain death amendment to the law improved the numbers but only to a stable thirty\\/year. Polls and studies showed that, although people knew about transplantation and expressed willingness to donate, the powerful emotional grief reaction, as well as a

M. Saade; J. Davies; E. Torres; L. Morales-Otero; Z. Gonzalez-Caraballo; E. A. Santiago-Delpin

2005-01-01

211

Attitudes to Cadaveric Organ Donation in Irish Preclinical Medical Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a worldwide shortage of organs for transplantation. It has been shown that the attitude of healthcare professionals can improve the rates of organ donation, and that educational programs aimed at improving both attitudes and knowledge base of professionals can have positive outcomes. Although there has been research carried out on this…

Cahill, Kevin C.; Ettarh, Rajunor R.

2011-01-01

212

Patients' willingness to pay for autologous blood donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most cost-effectiveness analyses of autologous blood donation show very small health benefits for a substantial increase in resource utilization. However, these analyses do not consider the psychological benefits of peace of mind to patients participating in the program. In order to quantitate these benefits, we employed contingent valuation methodology to measure the willingness of patients undergoing elective surgery, to pay

Stephanie J. Lee; Peter J. Neumann; W. Hallowell Churchill; Marie E. Cannon; Milton C. Weinstein; Magnus Johannesson

1997-01-01

213

Age Modulates Attitudes to Whole Body Donation among Medical Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Managing a whole body donor program is necessary for facilitating a traditional dissection-based anatomy curriculum in medicine and health sciences. Factors which influence body donations to medical science can therefore affect dissection-based anatomy teaching. In order to determine whether age influences the attitudes of medical students to…

Perry, Gary F.; Ettarh, Raj R.

2009-01-01

214

Organ Donation: A Comparison of Donating and Nondonating Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

The family interview to determine the wishes of the deceased during life about organ donation is not only a legal requirement, it is also the stage at which most potential donors are lost. Minimizing these losses necessitates awareness of all the variables involved in the family interview so that, before starting the interview, one understands the important key points affecting

M. A. Frutos; M. J. Blanca; J. J. Mansilla; B. Rando; P. Ruiz; F. Guerrero; G. López; C. Ortuño

2005-01-01

215

Organ Donation and People Over Age 50  

MedlinePLUS

... kidney transplants 71% of all people receiving liver transplants Waiting List Candidates by Age* Donation Data: People Over Age 50 > Get data and statistics about organ donation. *Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network ( ...

216

Transplant Expert Dispels Organ Donation Misconceptions  

MedlinePLUS

... people believe that organ donation is against their religion. But Edwards said that organ donation is consistent with the beliefs of most major religions, including Roman Catholicism, Islam, most Protestant faiths and ...

217

Organ Donation for People 50 and Over  

MedlinePLUS

... Funded Resource Centers Unable to Share This Page Organ Donation for People 50 and Over How old can ... even into our 80s and 90s. Statistics on Organ Donation and Transplantation for People 50 Plus Here are ...

218

Organ Donation After Circulatory Death: Vital Partnerships.  

PubMed

Interdisciplinary care is needed when a brain-injured patient-and potential organ donor-doesn't meet the criteria for brain death. OVERVIEW: The authors present the case of a woman in her mid-50s who sustained extensive brain injury in an accident but wasn't declared brain dead. The case highlights some of the clinical and ethical considerations of organ donation after circulatory death (also known as non-heart-beating donation and donation after cardiac death). It also illustrates the interdisciplinary teamwork necessary for organ donation in such cases, involving nurses and other clinicians in the ICU, palliative care, and the local organ procurement organization, among others. KEYWORDS: cardiac death, circulatory death, donation after cardiac death, end-of-life care, ethics, non-heart-beating donation, organ donation, organ donation after circulatory death, organ transplantation, palliative care. PMID:21508807

Beach, Patricia Ringos; Hallett, Annette M; Zaruca, Kim

2011-05-19

219

Ocean Margins Program: Closure on the global carbon cycle. Program description  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy`s Ocean Margins Program (OMP) is designed to quantitatively assess the importance of coastal ocean systems in the global carbon cycle. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, human energy-related activities have dramatically altered the global carbon cycle, and consequently, this cycle is not presently in a steady-state. To reduce major uncertainties in predicting future global environmental quality, it is imperative to understand the sources and sinks of atmospheric CO{sub 2}, the role of anthropogenic activities in disrupting the natural carbon cycle, and the effects of, and feedbacks between, these activities and the natural carbon cycle. Due to continuously increased loading of nutrients to the margins, which, globally, is related to the rate of human population growth and high population densities in coastal states, biological carbon fixation has been stimulated. Depending on the fate of the fixed carbon, this stimulation has the potential to mitigate the anthropogenically derived Co{sub 2}. Determining the factors that control the magnitude of carbon exchanges between the ocean margins and the atmosphere, and the subsequent fate of this carbon, is crucial to predicting the strength and capacity of the oceans to absorb excess anthropogenic atmospheric CO{sub 2}. The goals of the OMP are to: quantify the ecological and biogeochemical processes and mechanisms that define the cycling, flux, and storage of carbon and other biogenic elements at the land/ocean interface; identify how ocean-margin sources and sinks of carbon change in response to human activities; and determine whether continental shelves are quantitatively significant in removing atmospheric carbon dioxide and isolating it via burial in sediments or export to the interior of the open ocean.

Riches, M.R.

1994-08-01

220

An assessment of the effectiveness of the Mottep model for increasing donation rates and preventing the need for transplantation—adult findings: Program years 1998 and 1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Minority Organ Tissue Transplant Education Program (MOTTEP) evaluated the effects of a community-implemented health education program for adult members of minority population groups to affect attitude, knowledge, and intent to change behavior. In addition, this study represents 1 of the first major initiatives to formally address prevention as a strategy to contribute to reducing the need for organ\\/tissue

Clive O. Callender; Margruetta B. Hall; Doreen Branch

2001-01-01

221

Attitudes of Turkish anatomists toward cadaver donation.  

PubMed

There is an insufficient number of cadavers in anatomy education in Turkey. This is because of decreased number of unclaimed bodies and very few cadaver donations. Increasing the number of cadaver donation is one of the probable solutions. Although anatomists encourage people to donate bodies, the attitudes of anatomists toward donating their own bodies for dissection is not well known. In this study, the attitudes of Turkish anatomists toward cadaver donation were evaluated. The questionnaires were sent to the anatomists in Turkey by mail and E-mail. Eighty-three anatomists replied to the questionnaire. The main solutions proposed for cadaver insufficiency included increasing the supply of unclaimed bodies (77.1%) and increasing body donation (78.3%). Further, 51.8% of the respondents thought that increasing body donation was a long-term solution. The general belief (83.1%) was that a campaign would help to increase body donation and 47% of respondents were willing to participate in such a campaign. Of the 83 anatomists, 20.5% of the respondents donated their organs and 49.4% were planning to donate them. Further, 15.7% were planning to donate their bodies; however, 63.9% did not consider donating. The main reasons of the respondents to object the donation were: to be dissected by a colleague (15.7%), the unacceptability of donation by family (26.5%), psychological reasons (43.4%), the anxiety of disrespectful behavior to cadavers (26.5%), and religious beliefs (3.6%). Although the majority of the respondents objected to donating their bodies due to psychological reasons, body donation was proposed as the main solution of cadaver insufficiency. PMID:15495167

Sehirli, Umit S; Saka, Erdinç; Sarikaya, Ozlem

2004-11-01

222

Temporal distribution of blood donations in three Brazilian blood centers and its repercussion on the blood supply  

PubMed Central

Background Seasonal distribution of blood donation hinders efforts to provide a safe and adequate blood supply leading to chronic and persistent shortages. This study examined whether holidays, geographical area and donation type (community versus replacement) has any impact on the fluctuation of donations. Methods The numbers of blood donations from 2007 through 2010 in three Brazilian Retrovirus Epidemiological Donor Study II (REDS-II) participating centers were analyzed according to the week of donation. The weeks were classified as holiday or non-holiday. To compare donations performed during holiday versus non-holiday weeks, tabulations and descriptive statistics for weekly donations by blood center were examined and time series analysis was conducted. Results The average weekly number of donations varied according to the blood center and type of week. The average number of donations decreased significantly during Carnival and Christmas and increased during the Brazilian National Donor Week. The fluctuation was more pronounced in Recife and Belo Horizonte when compared to São Paulo and higher among community donors. Conclusion National bank holidays affect the blood supply by reducing available blood donations. Blood banks should take into account these oscillations in order to plan local campaigns, aiming at maintaining the blood supply at acceptable levels.

Oliveira, Claudia Di Lorenzo; de Almeida-Neto, Cesar; Liu, Emily Jing; Sabino, Ester Cerdeira; Leao, Silvana Carneiro; Loureiro, Paula; Wright, David; Custer, Brian; Goncalez, Thelma Therezinha; Capuani, Ligia; Busch, Michael; Proietti, Anna Barbara de Freitas Carneiro

2013-01-01

223

Parenting Infants Conceived by Gamete Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, concerns have been raised regarding the potentially negative consequences of gamete donation for parent-child relationships. Findings are presented of a study of families with an infant conceived by gamete donation. Fifty donor insemination families and 51 egg donation families were compared with 80 natural conception families on standardized interview and questionnaire measures of the psychological well-being of

Susan Golombok; Emma Lycett; Fiona MacCallum; Vasanti Jadva; Clare Murray; John Rust; Hossam Abdalla; Julian Jenkins; Raoul Margara

2004-01-01

224

78 FR 76728 - Charitable Donation Accounts  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...703 and 721 RIN 3133-AE17 Charitable Donation Accounts AGENCY: National Credit Union...authorized to create and fund a charitable donation account, a hybrid charitable and investment...are authorized to fund a charitable donation account (CDA), which may hold...

2013-12-19

225

Family issues implicit in living donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Living renal donation is increasing and is an important source of kidneys for patients with end stage renal disease. Such donations have major quality of life implications for donors and recipients. The majority of studies in this field address physical health issues; live donation, however, also involves complex psychological, social, and cultural needs. It is important to have an understanding

Alison K. Crombie; Patricia M. Franklin

2006-01-01

226

Attitudes towards organ donation in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a survey is conducted to study the attitudes of Hong Kong residents towards organ donation after death. It is found that 60.3% of the respondents are willing to donate organs, which is comparable to those cited in the literature. The results also indicate that the willingness to donate is related to age, occupation and attitude. A factor

Iris Yeung; S. H. Kong; Janet Lee

2000-01-01

227

A Different Kind of Disaster Donation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As one natural disaster after another seemed to define the year 2005, library workers across the nation generously donated money, materials, and labor to help victims and damaged institutions recover. Some librarians donated to specific institutions, while others donated to more general charities. Many worried about media reports of fraudulent…

Johnson, Mary J.

2006-01-01

228

Preoperative Autologous Blood Donation (PABD).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the mid 1980s, when concerns over the safety of the U.S. blood supply arose, preoperative autologous blood donation (PABD) has been utilized by patients undergoing elective surgery for which blood transfusion was anticipated. However, the risk of ac...

2000-01-01

229

Recovery High Schools: A Descriptive Study of School Programs and Students.  

PubMed

High schools specifically designed for students recovering from a substance use disorder (substance abuse or dependence) have been emerging as a continuing care resource since 1987. This study of 17 schools provides the first systematic description of recovery school programs and their students. The most common school model is that of a program or affiliated school, embedded organizationally and physically with another school or set of alternative school programs. Although embedded, there are serious efforts to maintain physical separation of recovery school students from other students, using scheduling and physical barriers. Affiliation with public school systems is the case for most recovery schools, and seems to be a major factor in assuring fiscal and organizational feasibility.The students in the recovery high schools studied were predominantly white (78%), with about one-half from two parent homes. Overall parent educational levels suggest a higher mean SES than in the general population. Most students (78%) had prior formal treatment for substance use disorders, often concomitantly with treatment for mental health concerns, and were often referred by treatment providers. Students came with a broad and complex range of mental health issues, traumatic experiences, drug use patterns, criminal justice involvement, and educational backgrounds. The complexity of these problems clearly limits the enrollment capacity of the schools.Retrospective pretest to post-test analysis suggests significant reduction in substance use as well as in mental health symptoms among the students. Students were very positive in their assessment of the therapeutic value of the schools, but less enthusiastic regarding the educational programs. The school programs appear to successfully function as continuing care to reinforce and sustain the therapeutic benefits students gained from their treatment experiences. PMID:19165348

Moberg, D Paul; Finch, Andrew J

2008-01-01

230

Alternative Programs in Public Secondary Schools in Greater Cleveland: A Descriptive Study. [Summary Report; Detailed Study, Sections 1-9].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The puposes of the study are: (1) to provide a description of alternative programs within public high schools, (2) to compile a written history of these programs, (3) to provide information necessary to compare innovations in alternative schools within and without public school systems, and (4) to collect and disseminate information about…

Wertheim, Sally H.; And Others

231

HZETRN: Description of a free-space ion and nucleon transport and shielding computer program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The high-charge-and energy (HZE) transport computer program HZETRN is developed to address the problems of free-space radiation transport and shielding. The HZETRN program is intended specifically for the design engineer who is interested in obtaining fast and accurate dosimetric information for the design and construction of space modules and devices. The program is based on a one-dimensional space-marching formulation of the Boltzmann transport equation with a straight-ahead approximation. The effect of the long-range Coulomb force and electron interaction is treated as a continuous slowing-down process. Atomic (electronic) stopping power coefficients with energies above a few A MeV are calculated by using Bethe's theory including Bragg's rule, Ziegler's shell corrections, and effective charge. Nuclear absorption cross sections are obtained from fits to quantum calculations and total cross sections are obtained with a Ramsauer formalism. Nuclear fragmentation cross sections are calculated with a semiempirical abrasion-ablation fragmentation model. The relation of the final computer code to the Boltzmann equation is discussed in the context of simplifying assumptions. A detailed description of the flow of the computer code, input requirements, sample output, and compatibility requirements for non-VAX platforms are provided.

Wilson, John W.; Badavi, Francis F.; Cucinotta, Francis A.; Shinn, Judy L.; Badhwar, Gautam D.; Silberberg, R.; Tsao, C. H.; Townsend, Lawrence W.; Tripathi, Ram K.

1995-05-01

232

HZETRN: Description of a free-space ion and nucleon transport and shielding computer program  

SciTech Connect

The high-charge-and energy (HZE) transport computer program HZETRN is developed to address the problems of free-space radiation transport and shielding. The HZETRN program is intended specifically for the design engineer who is interested in obtaining fast and accurate dosimetric information for the design and construction of space modules and devices. The program is based on a one-dimensional space-marching formulation of the Boltzmann transport equation with a straight-ahead approximation. The effect of the long-range Coulomb force and electron interaction is treated as a continuous slowing-down process. Atomic (electronic) stopping power coefficients with energies above a few A MeV are calculated by using Bethe`s theory including Bragg`s rule, Ziegler`s shell corrections, and effective charge. Nuclear absorption cross sections are obtained from fits to quantum calculations and total cross sections are obtained with a Ramsauer formalism. Nuclear fragmentation cross sections are calculated with a semiempirical abrasion-ablation fragmentation model. The relation of the final computer code to the Boltzmann equation is discussed in the context of simplifying assumptions. A detailed description of the flow of the computer code, input requirements, sample output, and compatibility requirements for non-VAX platforms are provided.

Wilson, J.W.; Badavi, F.F.; Cucinotta, F.A.; Shinn, J.L.; Badhwar, G.D.; Silberberg, R.; Tsao, C.H.; Townsend, L.W.; Tripathi, R.K.

1995-05-01

233

HZETRN: Description of a free-space ion and nucleon transport and shielding computer program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The high-charge-and energy (HZE) transport computer program HZETRN is developed to address the problems of free-space radiation transport and shielding. The HZETRN program is intended specifically for the design engineer who is interested in obtaining fast and accurate dosimetric information for the design and construction of space modules and devices. The program is based on a one-dimensional space-marching formulation of the Boltzmann transport equation with a straight-ahead approximation. The effect of the long-range Coulomb force and electron interaction is treated as a continuous slowing-down process. Atomic (electronic) stopping power coefficients with energies above a few A MeV are calculated by using Bethe's theory including Bragg's rule, Ziegler's shell corrections, and effective charge. Nuclear absorption cross sections are obtained from fits to quantum calculations and total cross sections are obtained with a Ramsauer formalism. Nuclear fragmentation cross sections are calculated with a semiempirical abrasion-ablation fragmentation model. The relation of the final computer code to the Boltzmann equation is discussed in the context of simplifying assumptions. A detailed description of the flow of the computer code, input requirements, sample output, and compatibility requirements for non-VAX platforms are provided.

Wilson, John W.; Badavi, Francis F.; Cucinotta, Francis A.; Shinn, Judy L.; Badhwar, Gautam D.; Silberberg, R.; Tsao, C. H.; Townsend, Lawrence W.; Tripathi, Ram K.

1995-01-01

234

Legal and ethical aspects of organ donation and transplantation.  

PubMed

The legislation called the Transplantation of Human Organ Act (THO) was passed in India in 1994 to streamline organ donation and transplantation activities. Broadly, the act accepted brain death as a form of death and made the sale of organs a punishable offence. With the acceptance of brain death, it became possible to not only undertake kidney transplantations but also start other solid organ transplants like liver, heart, lungs, and pancreas. Despite the THO legislation, organ commerce and kidney scandals are regularly reported in the Indian media. In most instances, the implementation of the law has been flawed and more often than once its provisions have been abused. Parallel to the living related and unrelated donation program, the deceased donation program has slowly evolved in a few states. In approximately one-third of all liver transplants, the organs have come from the deceased donor program as have all the hearts and pancreas transplants. In these states, a few hospitals along with committed NGOs have kept the momentum of the deceased donor program. The MOHAN Foundation (NGO based in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh) has facilitated 400 of the 1,300 deceased organ transplants performed in the country over the last 14 years. To overcome organ shortage, developed countries are re-looking at the ethics of unrelated programs and there seems to be a move towards making this an acceptable legal alternative. The supply of deceased donors in these countries has peaked and there has been no further increase over the last few years. India is currently having a deceased donation rate of 0.05 to 0.08 per million population. We need to find a solution on how we can utilize the potentially large pool of trauma-related brain deaths for organ donation. This year in the state of Tamil Nadu, the Government has passed seven special orders. These orders are expected to streamline the activity of deceased donors and help increase their numbers. Recently, on July 30, 2008, the Government brought in a few new amendments as a Gazette with the purpose of putting a stop to organ commerce. The ethics of commerce in organ donation and transplant tourism has been widely criticized by international bodies. The legal and ethical principles that we follow universally with organ donation and transplantation are also important for the future as these may be used to resolve our conflicts related to emerging sciences such as cloning, tissue engineering, and stem cells. PMID:19881131

Shroff, Sunil

2009-07-01

235

Legal and ethical aspects of organ donation and transplantation  

PubMed Central

The legislation called the Transplantation of Human Organ Act (THO) was passed in India in 1994 to streamline organ donation and transplantation activities. Broadly, the act accepted brain death as a form of death and made the sale of organs a punishable offence. With the acceptance of brain death, it became possible to not only undertake kidney transplantations but also start other solid organ transplants like liver, heart, lungs, and pancreas. Despite the THO legislation, organ commerce and kidney scandals are regularly reported in the Indian media. In most instances, the implementation of the law has been flawed and more often than once its provisions have been abused. Parallel to the living related and unrelated donation program, the deceased donation program has slowly evolved in a few states. In approximately one-third of all liver transplants, the organs have come from the deceased donor program as have all the hearts and pancreas transplants. In these states, a few hospitals along with committed NGOs have kept the momentum of the deceased donor program. The MOHAN Foundation (NGO based in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh) has facilitated 400 of the 1,300 deceased organ transplants performed in the country over the last 14 years. To overcome organ shortage, developed countries are re-looking at the ethics of unrelated programs and there seems to be a move towards making this an acceptable legal alternative. The supply of deceased donors in these countries has peaked and there has been no further increase over the last few years. India is currently having a deceased donation rate of 0.05 to 0.08 per million population. We need to find a solution on how we can utilize the potentially large pool of trauma-related brain deaths for organ donation. This year in the state of Tamil Nadu, the Government has passed seven special orders. These orders are expected to streamline the activity of deceased donors and help increase their numbers. Recently, on July 30, 2008, the Government brought in a few new amendments as a Gazette with the purpose of putting a stop to organ commerce. The ethics of commerce in organ donation and transplant tourism has been widely criticized by international bodies. The legal and ethical principles that we follow universally with organ donation and transplantation are also important for the future as these may be used to resolve our conflicts related to emerging sciences such as cloning, tissue engineering, and stem cells.

Shroff, Sunil

2009-01-01

236

The Influence of Viewing an Entertainment–Education Program on Cornea Donation Intention: A Test of the Theory of Planned Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to examine the role of issue involvement and the 3 components of the theory of planned behavior in predicting intentions to sign a cornea donor card. This study also compares viewers and nonviewers of an entertainment–education program in terms of issue involvement and the theory of planned behavior. The breakdown of effects for the latent constructs

Hyuhn-Suhck Bae; Seok Kang

2008-01-01

237

Predictors of public attitude toward living organ donation in Kano, northern Nigeria.  

PubMed

Organ shortage is a major public health challenge for transplant programs globally. The sustenance of such programs as an effective therapy for end-stage organ failure (ESOF) requires an exploration of public awareness and willingness to donate organs. This is imperative, especially in developing countries where ESOF is highly prevalent. We studied the awareness and predictors of public attitude toward organ donation in Kano city in northern Nigeria. Using interviewer-administered questionnaires, we assessed the awareness and willingness to donate solid organs among 400 adults in the Kano metropolis. Three hundred and five of the 383 respondents (79.6%) reported that they had heard about organ donation. There was a significant variation of awareness by education and ethnicity (P <0.05). Most respondents, 303 (79.1%), were willing to donate an organ. Gender [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 2.13; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.40-4.95], educational attainment (AOR = 2.55; 95% CI: 1.35-5.88), marital status (AOR = 4.5; 95% CI: 2.97-9.1), religion (AOR = 3.40; 95% CI: 1.43-8.10) and ethnicity (AOR = 2.36; 95% CI 1.04-5.35) were significant predictors of willingness to donate an organ. Preferred organ recipients were parents (48.9%), children (21.3%), spouses (14.6%) and other relatives (13.4%). Reasons for willingness to donate organs included religion (51.2%), moral obligation (21.4%) and compassion (11.9%), among others. However, there was widespread ignorance of religious precepts concerning organ donation. The high level of awareness and willingness to donate organs in this society could be further enhanced by intensive information, education and communication strategies providing clear messages on societal benefits, religious aspects and bioethical guidance regarding organ donation. PMID:24434412

Iliyasu, Zubairu; Abubakar, Isa S; Lawan, Umar M; Abubakar, Mustapha; Adamu, Bappa

2014-01-01

238

Organ donation in Latin America.  

PubMed

Recently in Latin America, there has been a strong influence of the "Spanish model" of organ procurement. In 2001, The "Punta Cana Group" was created by Latin American transplantation coordinators with the objective of registering and improving the system of donation and procurement. In many countries there is no universal financial support from the government for medical treatment, including dialysis and transplantation. In other countries there is complete financial support for all of the population, including immunosuppressive drugs. Practically all countries have transplantation laws that follow ethical concepts, such as brain death diagnosis criteria, forms of consent, criteria of allocation, and inhibition of commerce. The rate of potential donors notified in countries that perform transplantations with deceased donors varied from 6 to 47 per million population yearly (pmp/y); The rate of effective donors varied from 1 to 20 pmp. In 2004, the mean rate of effective donors in Latin America was 5.4 pmp. The family refusal rate for the donation of organs varied from 28% in Uruguay to 70% in Peru. In some countries, such as Puerto Rico, Uruguay, and Cuba, it was more than 15 pmp, whereas in others countries deceased donors were practically not used. The number of patients on the waiting list for solid organ transplants in 12 Latin American countries is 55,000. Although the donation rate has increased by 100% during the last 10 years, it is lower than that in Europe (15 pmm/y) or the United States (20 pmp/y). PMID:17362721

Mizraji, R; Alvarez, I; Palacios, R I; Fajardo, C; Berrios, C; Morales, F; Luna, E; Milanés, C; Andrade, M; Duque, E; Giron, F; Alfonso, J; Herra, S; Soratti, C; Ibar, R; Garcia, V D

2007-03-01

239

To give is better than to receive: compliance with WHO guidelines for drug donations during 2000-2008  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To assess drug donations in terms of their adherence to the drug donation guidelines put forth by the World Health Organization (WHO). Methods In 2009 we searched the academic and lay literature – journal articles, media articles and industry and donor web sites – to identify reports about drug donations made from 2000 to 2008. Publications focusing on molecular mechanisms of drug action, general descriptions of guidelines or specific one-time drug donations before 2000 were excluded. For cases with sufficient information, we assessed compliance with each of the 12 articles of WHO‘s guidelines. Findings We found 95 articles describing 96 incidents of drug donations between 2000 and 2008. Of these, 50 were made in response to disaster situations, 43 involved the long-term donation of a drug to treat a specific disease and 3 were drug recycling cases. Disaster-related donations were less likely to comply with the guidelines, particularly in terms of meeting the recipient’s needs, quality assurance and shelf-life, packaging and labelling, and information management. Recipient countries were burdened with the costs of destroying the drugs received through inappropriate donations. Although long-term donations were more likely to comply with WHO guidelines related to quality assurance and labelling, they did not consistently meet the needs of the recipients. Furthermore, they discouraged local drug production and development. Conclusion Drug donations can do more harm than good for the recipient countries. Strengthening the structures and systems for coordinating and monitoring drug donations and ensuring that these are driven by recipient needs will improve adherence to the drug donation guidelines set forth by WHO.

Carson, Brittany; Moller, Helene; Hill, Suzanne

2010-01-01

240

U.S.-MEXICO BORDER PROGRAM ARIZONA BORDER STUDY--DESCRIPTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Descriptive Questionnaire data set provides demographic information about each of the households and indicates the primary respondent within each residence. The information is from 249 Descriptive Questionnaires for 249 households. The database contains only a portion of th...

241

Addition of Adult-to-Adult Living Donation to Liver Transplant Programs Improves Survival but at an Increased Cost1-2  

PubMed Central

We performed a cost-effectiveness analysis exploring the cost and benefits of LDLT using outcomes data from the Adult to Adult Living Donor Liver Transplantation Cohort Study (A2ALL). A multistage Markov decision analysis model was developed with treatment strategies including medical management only (strategy 1), waiting list with possible deceased donor liver transplant (strategy 2), and waiting list with possible LDLT or DDLT (strategy 3) over ten years. Decompensated cirrhosis with medical management offered 2.0 quality adjusted life years (QALY) survival while costing an average of $65,068, waiting list with possible DDLT offered 4.4 QALY survival and a mean cost $151,613, and waiting list with possible DDLT or LDLT offered 4.9 QALY survival and a mean cost $208,149. Strategy 2 had an incremental cost effectiveness ratio (ICER) of $35,976 over strategy 1 while strategy 3 produced an ICER of $106,788 over strategy 2. On average, strategy 3 cost $47,693 more per QALY than strategy 1. Both DDLT and LDLT are cost-effective compared to medical management of cirrhosis over our ten year study period. The addition of LDLT to a standard waiting list DDLT program is effective at improving recipient survival and preventing waiting list deaths but at a greater cost.

Northup, Patrick G.; Abecassis, Michael M.; Englesbe, Michael J.; Emond, Jean C.; Lee, Vanessa D.; Stukenborg, George J.; Tong, Lan; Berg, Carl L.

2011-01-01

242

HIGHWAY 3. 1: An enhanced HIGHWAY routing model: Program description, methodology, and revised user's manual  

SciTech Connect

The HIGHWAY program provides a flexible tool for predicting highway routes for transporting radioactive materials in the United States. The HIGHWAY data base is essentially a computerized road atlas that currently describes over 240,000 miles of highways. Complete descriptions of all Interstate System and most US highways (except those that parallel a nearby Interstate highway) are included in the data base. Many of the principal state highways and a number of local and county highways are also identified. The data base also includes locations of nuclear facilities and major airports. Several different types of routes may be calculated, depending on a set of user-supplied constraints. Routes are calculated by minimizing the total impedance between the origin and the destination. Basically, the impedance is defined as a function of distance and driving time along a particular highway segment. Several routing constraints can be imposed during the calculations. One of the special features of the HIGHWAY model is its ability to calculate routes that maximize use of Interstate System highways. This feature allows the user to predict routes for shipments of radioactive materials that conform to the US Department of Transportation routing regulations. Other features of the model include the ability to predict routes that bypass a specific state, city, town, or highway segment. Two special features have been incorporated in HIGHWAY, version 3.1. The first is the ability to automatically calculate alternative routes. Frequently, there are a number of routes between the source and destination that vary slightly in distance and estimated driving time. The HIGHWAY program offers a selection of different but nearly equal routes. The second special feature is the capability to calculate route-specific population density statistics. The population density distribution is calculated for each highway segment in the route and is reported on a state-by-state basis.

Johnson, P.E.; Joy, D.S. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Clarke, D.B.; Jacobi, J.M. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Transportation Center)

1993-03-01

243

Increasing the Safety of the Blood Supply by Screening Donors More Effectively. Information You Should Know Before Donating Plasma. Documentation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents an analysis of the effectiveness of a new donor screening process and a training program for health screeners. It is based on data collected from donor, and non-donors at two blood donation sites and one plasma donation site. These pa...

1993-01-01

244

Increasing organ donation: a successful new concept  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Background: Organ donation rates nationally have changed little in the last 15 years, despite a growing waiting list. About 6000 patients die each year for lack of a donated organ. South Carolina’s organ procurement organization, LifePoint, recently restructured itself in an effort to increase donation and transplantation rates. The main change was division of the procurement,coordinator position into five

Robert M. Sade; Nancy Kay; Steve Pitzer; Peggy Drake; Prabhakar Baliga; Stephen Haines

2002-01-01

245

Epilepsy Is Not a Contraindication for Autologous Blood Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

SummaryPatients with epilepsy are usually excluded from autologous blood donation due to the assumption that blood donation may provoke a convulsive attack. In this study we present the data of 26 unselected patients (age between 10 and 61 years) with epilepsy who donated autologous blood. A total of 50 blood donations were done (1–3 donations per patient). The patients were

G. Illies; J. Siaplaouras; W. Lanksch; K. Gutensohn; M. U. Heim; N. Fuchs; A. Salama

2000-01-01

246

A novel community-based buprenorphine program: client description and initial outcomes.  

PubMed

The aims of this retrospective, descriptive study were to describe clients served by a buprenorphine program in a community-based recovery center and to present initial treatment outcomes. A record review was conducted for clients treated from July 2010 to August 2011. Client demographic, health, substance use, and treatment history data were abstracted from the records of the first 78 clients served. Buprenorphine and opiate use data were collected via urine toxicology reports, collected weekly among clients who remained enrolled in treatment. The average percentages of weeks spent opiate free and buprenorphine compliant were 83% (SD = 26%) and 95% (SD = 13%), respectively. When positive heroin toxicology and negative buprenorphine toxicology were replaced for the missing/unknown data, the average percentages of opiate-abstinent weeks and buprenorphine compliance were 60% (SD = 34%) and 74% (SD = 28%), respectively. Roughly half of all clients (49%) were successfully transitioned to continue treatment with buprenorphine in a primary care setting. Findings from this study demonstrate that buprenorphine treatment for opiate dependence can be incorporated into a community-based recovery center with high rates of opiate abstinence and treatment adherence. PMID:24394496

Daniels, Amy M; Salisbury-Afshar, Elizabeth; Hoffberg, Adam; Agus, Deborah; Fingerhood, Michael I

2014-01-01

247

THE COMBINED EFFECT OF DONATION PRICE AND ADMINISTRATIVE INEFFICIENCY ON DONATIONS TO US NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the effects that two accounting measures of nonprofit organization (NPO) inefficiency, administrative inefficiency and donation price, have on donations to US NPOs using a better-specified model and industry-specific samples. Although numerous studies examine the effect that donation price has on donations (e.g., Marudas and Jacobs, 2006; Marudas, 2004; Khanna and Sandler, 2000; and Tinkelman, 1999), only three studies

Fred A. Jacobs; Nicholas P. Marudas

2009-01-01

248

Embryo donation in Iran: an ethical review.  

PubMed

Iran is the only Muslim country that has legislation on embryo donation, adopted in 2003. With an estimated 10-15% of couples in the country that are infertile, there are not any legal or religious barriers that prohibit an infertile couple from taking advantage of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs). Although all forms of ARTs available in Iran have been legitimized by religious authorities, there is a lack of legislation in all ARTs except embryo donation. By highlighting ethical issues in embryo donation, the paper presents a critical review of the Act of Embryo Donation in Iran. The paper argues that the Act does not provide enough safeguards for the future child and assurance for the safety of the donated embryos. It also does not restrict embryo donation to surplus embryos from infertile couples and is silent about the number of embryos that could be donated by each couple as well as the number of recipients for donated embryos by a couple. The Act is also silent about the issues of genetic linkage (nasab) and heritage which are challenging issues, especially in a conservative Islamic society. As a result, the future child may not inherit from their birth parents, as it is not required by the Act, or from the genetically related parents under the anonymity policy. Finally there is no standard national protocol or guidelines to evaluate the safety of the donated embryos. The paper concludes that despite its benefits, the Act lacks clarity, and it is subject to misunderstanding and confusion. PMID:22708805

Afshar, Leila; Bagheri, Alireza

2013-12-01

249

The Milwaukee Parental Choice Program: Descriptive Report on Participating Schools 2008-2009. SCDP Milwaukee Evaluation Report #17  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the third in a series of annual reports produced by the School Choice Demonstration Project (SCDP) that will provide descriptive information about the schools participating in the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program (MPCP). This year's report contains a new section that examines schools from both the public and private sectors that…

Kisida, Brian; Jensen, Laura I.; Wolf, Patrick J.

2010-01-01

250

The Challenges of Social Marketing of Organ Donation: News and Entertainment Coverage of Donation and Transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

While great strides have been made in persuading the public to become potential organ donors, actual behavior has not yet caught up with the nearly universally favorable attitudes the public expresses toward donation. This paper explores the issue by situating the social marketing of organ donation against a broader backdrop of entertainment and news media coverage of organ donation. Organ

Tyler R. Harrison; Susan E. Morgan; Lisa V. Chewning

2008-01-01

251

Exploring Donation Decisions: Beliefs and Preferences for Organ Donation in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored common beliefs and preferences for posthumous and living organ donation in Australia where organ donation rates are low and little research exists. Content analysis of discussions revealed the advantage of prolonging/saving life whereas disadvantages differed according to donation context. A range of people/groups perceived to…

Hyde, Melissa K.; White, Katherine M.

2010-01-01

252

76 FR 18631 - National Donate Life Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...day while waiting. When each donation can touch dozens of lives, it...encourage all Americans to say yes to donation by giving blood regularly and joining their State-based...card. When considering organ donation, Americans should consult...

2011-04-05

253

23 CFR 710.505 - Real property donations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Real property donations. 710.505 Section 710...ENVIRONMENT RIGHT-OF-WAY AND REAL ESTATE Property Acquisition Alternatives § 710.505 Real property donations. (a) Donations of...

2013-04-01

254

78 FR 3023 - Draft Policy on Donations, Fundraising, and Solicitation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Donations Senior Manager and employees authorized to accept donations...Service's behalf. It also covers recognition of donors. We propose to...issued ``ETHICS AND CONDUCT, Employee Responsibilities and Conduct...circumstances when Service employees may solicit donations....

2013-01-15

255

The influence of race on approaching families for organ donation and their decision to donate.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether patients' race was associated with their families' being approached for organ donation and agreeing to donation. METHODS: Logistic regression models were applied to data collected from records at 112 hospitals. RESULTS: The odds that a family of a White patient was approached for donation were nearly twice those for a family of an African American. The odds of donation also differed by race, but the magnitude varied by patient and hospital characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: Much attention directed toward racial disparity in donation has focused on attitudes of the public. The behavior of hospital staff also may be related to differences in rates.

Guadagnoli, E; McNamara, P; Evanisko, M J; Beasley, C; Callender, C O; Poretsky, A

1999-01-01

256

Organ donation: a communitarian approach.  

PubMed

Recently, various suggestions have been made to respond to the increasingly great shortage of organs by paying for them. Because of the undesirable side effects of such approaches (commodification, injustice, and costs), a communitarian approach should be tried first. A communitarian approach to the problem of organ shortage entails changing the moral culture so that members of society will recognize that donating one's organs, once they are no longer of use to the donor, is the moral (right) thing to do. This approach requires much greater and deeper efforts than sharing information and making public service announcements. It entails a moral dialogue, in which the public is engaged, leading to a change in what people expect from one another. Among the devices that could help change the moral culture are a public statement, endorsed by community members and leaders, that expresses the community sense that donation "is what a good person does" and a community-specific web page that lists those who have made the commitment. A change in law so that a person's wishes in the matter are recognized as final and binding are also desired. This position paper deals only with cadaver organs and not living donors. PMID:12807104

Etzioni, Amitai

2003-03-01

257

Archival Description.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The creation of rules and procedures for cataloging archival collections was made difficult because of the nature of archives and manuscript collections and the challenge of describing them. Discusses definitions and principles; accessioning and arrangement; inventories, the core descriptive finding aid; integrated descriptive programs; and…

Miller, Fredric

1997-01-01

258

Words versus Actions about Organ Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, the proportion of the American public that expresses positive views about organ donation exceeds the proportion that actually signs an organ donor card (ODC). The public seems to say one thing but does another. In July 1994, The Advertising Council, Inc., in conjunction with the Coalition on Donation, launched a major promotional campaign to educate the U.S. public about

Thomas J Cossé; Terry M Weisenberger

2000-01-01

259

Female College Students' Perceptions of Organ Donation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current process of organ donation in the U.S. relies on the premise of altruism or voluntary consent. Yet, human organs available for donation and transplant do not meet current demands. The literature has suggested that college students, who represent a large group of potential healthy organ donors, often are not part of donor pools. Before…

Boland, Kathleen; Baker, Kerrie

2010-01-01

260

Trust and the duty of organ donation.  

PubMed

Several recent publications in biomedical ethics argue that organ donation is generally morally obligatory and failure to do so is morally indefensible. Arguments for this moral conclusion tend to be of two kinds: arguments from fairness and arguments from easy rescue. While I agree that many of us have a duty to donate, in this article I criticize these arguments for a general duty of organ donation and their application to organ procurement policy. My concern is that these arguments neglect the role that trust plays in contemporary organ transplant policies and in differential rational attitudes toward donation. Recognizing donation as an achievement of trust, and acknowledging the warrant of many people's rational distrust or withheld trust in medicine, I argue, should have significant implications for the ethics of organ procurement. PMID:24731143

Almassi, Ben

2014-07-01

261

Deformed Zipf's law in personal donation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The power law or Zipf's law phenomena in human behaviors have been widely observed and attracted intensive attention. In this letter, a new evidence on personal donation is presented and analyzed. A sample of donation to the victims of Sichuan earthquake in 2008 demonstrates that donation distribution has a particular pattern. The upper part is governed by Zipf's law and the lower part exhibits a uniform distribution. We propose a theoretical model in which people's wealth distribution follows a power law, they are willing to donate a random part of their wealth and have preferences on some specific numbers. This model provides us not only a reasonable explanation on the empirical donation pattern but also an effective method to get access to large-scale personal-wealth distributions.

Chen, Q.; Wang, C.; Wang, Y.

2009-11-01

262

Altruism in organ donation: an unnecessary requirement?  

PubMed Central

Altruism has long been taken to be the guiding principle of ethical organ donation in the UK, and has been used as justification for rejecting or allowing certain types of donation. We argue that, despite this prominent role, altruism has been poorly defined in policy and position documents, and used confusingly and inconsistently. Looking at how the term has been used over recent years allows us to define ‘organ donation altruism’, and comparing this with accounts in the philosophical literature highlights its theoretical shortcomings. The recent report from the Nuffield Council on Bioethics reaffirmed the importance of altruism in organ donation, and offered a clearer definition. This definition is, however, more permissive than that of altruism previously seen in UK policy, and as a result allows some donations that previously have been considered unacceptable. We argue that while altruistic motivation may be desirable, it is not necessary.

Moorlock, Greg; Ives, Jonathan; Draper, Heather

2014-01-01

263

One-Day Instructional Programming Workshop. Description of Teacher Inservice Education Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a one-day program providing those persons implementing Individually Guided Education (IGE) programs with a simulated experience of applying an Instructional Programming Model (IPM) to a curricular area. The goal is to develop the major concepts and skills necessary to operationalize an IPM. Information is provided on the program

National Education Association, Washington, DC. Project on Utilization of Inservice Education R & D Outcomes.

264

41 CFR 101-29.221 - Federal Specifications, Standards and Commercial Item Description Program (Federal...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...management, and maintenance of product descriptions in the Federal series (Federal specifications, Federal standards, and CID's) that define commercial products and products that have high potential for common Federal agency...

2013-07-01

265

Facility description. THTF Mod 3 ORNL PWR BDHT separate-effects program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the Thermal-Hydraulic Test Facility (THTF) as modified for tests with Bundle 3, a 64-rod bundle of indirectly electrically heated fuel rod simulators. The report provides a description of the basic facility and instrumentation as well as a test-specific facility description for each of the primary tests run at the THTF during the operational period from June 1979

D. K. Felde; R. L. Durall; S. S. Gould; G. S. Mailen; A. G. Sutton; D. J. Fraysier; E. C. Keith; L. J. Ott; J. E. Wolfe

1982-01-01

266

Labeling of previous donation to encourage subsequent donation among experienced blood donors.  

PubMed

Objective: This study aims to examine the effects of persuasive messages focused on the labeling of previous blood donation behavior on subsequent donation among experienced blood donors. Method: Participants (N = 410) received blood drive invitations by mail that were categorized with the labeling of the previous donation. They were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: functional labeling (which underlines the utility of their donation), social labeling (which underlines their own social value), and no label of previous donation (control condition). Dependent Variable: Number of participants who made a new blood donation. Results: Donors are more likely to make a new blood donation when they have received a message labeling their previous donation (26.7%), whether it be social or functional, compared with a nonlabeled message (17.5%). Moreover, labeling condition interacted with age parameter indicating that the older the donor, the more sensitive the donor to the labeling technique. Labeling condition also interacted with gender, revealing that women were almost three times more likely to come back to give their blood in labeling conditions compared with the no-label condition. Conclusion: Our findings highlight the interest in using strategies based on the recall of previous donation, that is a labeling technique, to help blood centers to stimulate repeat donation. Labeling the previous donation increases the likelihood of a new donation among experienced donors, especially among older people and women, the latter being a part of the most reluctant profiles to repeat blood donation. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23895199

Sénémeaud, Cécile; Georget, Patrice; Guéguen, Nicolas; Callé, Nathalie; Plainfossé, Candice; Touati, Christelle; Mange, Jessica

2014-07-01

267

Pre-donation Hydration and Applied Muscle Tension Combine to Reduce Presyncopal Reactions to Blood Donation  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND A randomized controlled trial was conducted to test the effects of hydration and applied muscle tensing on presyncopal reactions to blood donation. Both interventions are designed to prevent the decreases in blood pressure that can contribute to such reactions, but due to the distinct physiological mechanisms underlying their pressor responses it was hypothesized that a combined intervention would yield the greatest benefit. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Prior to blood donation, first- and second-time blood donors (Mean Age = 20.2 years, SD = 4.9) were randomly assigned to: 1) standard donation, 2) placebo (leg exercise prior to venipuncture), 3) pre-donation water, or 4) pre-donation water and leg exercise during donation. RESULTS Main effects of group were observed for phlebotomist classification of vasovagal reactions, X2 (3) = 8.38, p<0.05, and donor reports of presyncopal reactions, X2 (3) = 13.16, p < 0.01. Follow-up analyses of phlebotomist classifications revealed fewer reactions in the pre-donation water and pre-donation water and leg exercise groups relative to placebo but not standard donation. Follow-up analyses of self-reported reactions revealed that women, but not men, had lower scores in both the pre-donation water and pre-donation water and leg exercise groups relative to both placebo and standard donation. CONCLUSION Pre-donation hydration and a combination of hydration and leg exercise may help attenuate presyncopal reactions in relatively novice donors, although future studies with larger samples are required to confirm this effect.

France, Christopher R.; Ditto, Blaine; Wissel, Mary Ellen; France, Janis L.; Dickert, Tara; Rader, Aaron; Sinclair, Kadian; McGlone, Sarah; Trost, Zina; Matson, Erin

2010-01-01

268

Calculation of inviscid surface streamlines and heat transfer on shuttle type configurations. Part 2: Description of computer program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A description of the computer program used for heating rate calculation for blunt bodies in hypersonic flow is given. The main program and each subprogram are described by defining the pertinent symbols involved and presenting a detailed flow diagram and complete computer program listing. Input and output parameters are discussed in detail. Listings are given for the computation of heating rates on (1) a blunted 15 deg half-angle cone at 20 deg incidence and Mach 10.6, (2) a blunted 70 deg slab delta wing at 10 deg incidence and Mach 8, and (3) the HL-10 lifting body at 20 deg incidence and Mach 10. In addition, the computer program output for two streamlines on the blunted 15 deg half-angle cone is listed. For Part 1, see N71-36186.

Dejarnette, F. R.; Jones, M. H.

1971-01-01

269

Current Knowledge and Attitudes About Organ Donation and Transplantation Among Chinese University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current attitudes toward organ donation among university students in mainland China and the differences in attitudes between Chinese students in mainland China versus overseas are unknown. To address these issues, we conducted a cross-sectional survey using questionnaires among 922 Chinese undergraduates from mainland China and overseas regions of the world. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Student t tests, chi-square

J. X. Chen; T. M. Zhang; F. L. Lim; H. C. Wu; T. F. Lei; P. K. Yeong; S. J. Xia

2006-01-01

270

Analysis of corporate donations in Yangtze River delta between 2004 and 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

As an effective way to share corporate social responsibility, it is significant for enterprise to make contributions. In order to explore characteristics of corporate donations, the research used data from 290 enterprises in Yangtze river delta of China involved in contribution between 2004 and 2006. Based on the descriptive statistics analysis, the results are as follows: (1) the average annual

Tian Xueying

2009-01-01

271

Simulation Model for Wind Energy Storage Systems. Volume III. Program Descriptions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effort developed a comprehensive computer program for the modeling of wind energy/storage systems utilizing any combination of five types of storage (pumped hydro, battery, thermal, flywheel and pneumatic). An acronym for the program is SIMWEST (Simul...

A. W. Warren R. W. Edsinger J. D. Burroughs

1977-01-01

272

Mentors' Perspectives on Group Mentorship: A Descriptive Study of Two Programs in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors assess mentors' perceptions of mentoring and experiences participating in an intensive, small-group mentorship program, with particular attention to potential challenges in their retention and the recruitment of new mentors to similar, future programs. Methods: Similar group mentorship programs were implemented at two child…

Alleyne, Shirley Diana; Horner, Michelle Schnabel; Walter, Garry; Fleisher, Stacia Hall; Arzubi, Eric; Martin, Andres

2009-01-01

273

EDUCI Library: A Description of FORTRAN IV Computer Programs for the IBM Systems 3/10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A library of 20 FORTRAN computer programs has been compilied, modified, and edited to provide in a single source a series of test scoring, data reduction, and evaluation programs for educators having access to small business-oriented computers. Summary details are provided for each program. (Author)

Baldauf, Richard B., Jr.

1975-01-01

274

EXPLORE: Helping Students Discover a World of Possibilities. A Content Description of ACT's EXPLORE Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

EXPLORE is an every-student program that assesses the academic progress of eighth graders, helps them explore the wide range of career options, and assists them in developing a high school coursework plan. EXPLORE can function as a stand-alone program or as a point of entry into the American College Testing (ACT) Program's Educational Planning and…

American Coll. Testing Program, Iowa City, IA.

275

78 FR 40421 - Inquiry Regarding Video Description in Video Programming Distributed on Television and on the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...on video programming distributed on television; The...programmers, stations, and systems will provide this...in video programming distributed on the Internet: ...on video programming distributed on the Internet that...comment on whether an MVPD system must comply with...

2013-07-05

276

Cognitive Restructuring through Dreams and Imagery: Descriptive Analysis of a Women's Prison-Based Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes process and outcome evaluation of an innovative program based in a women's maximum-security correctional facility. Methodology included review of program materials, unobtrusive observation of group process, participant evaluation forms, focus groups, and individual interviews with current and former program participants.…

DeHart, Dana

2010-01-01

277

Exercise in clinical cancer care: a call to action and program development description  

PubMed Central

A large and convincing body of evidence demonstrates the benefits of exercise for cancer survivors during and after treatment. Based on that literature, more cancer survivors should be offered exercise support and programming. Unfortunately, exercise programs remain an exception rather than the norm in cancer care. Not surprisingly, common barriers to the implementation of exercise programs in oncology include limited resources, expertise, and awareness of benefits on the part of patients and clinicians. To improve the accessibility and cost-effectiveness of cancer exercise programs, one proposed strategy is to combine the resources of hospital and community-based programs with home-based exercise instruction. The present paper highlights current literature regarding exercise programming for cancer survivors, describes the development of an exercise program for cancer patients in Toronto, Canada, and offers experiential insights into the integration of exercise into oncologic care.

Santa Mina, D.; Alibhai, S.M.H.; Matthew, A.G.; Guglietti, C.L.; Steele, J.; Trachtenberg, J.; Ritvo, P.G.

2012-01-01

278

Gender Differences in Family Communication About Organ Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we investigated gender differences in willingness to donate organs and conversations with family members about organ donation. Results from a snowball sample of 353 men and 488 women (average age = 41–50) indicated that men are less willing to donate and less likely to have conversations about organ donation. When such conversations do occur, men are less

Teresa L. Thompson; James D. Robinson; R. Wade Kenny

2003-01-01

279

Preschool Preposition Test and Classroom Behavior Description: Eighth Grade Follow-Up of Head Start Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Head Start children tested at 4 years of age on the Preschool Preposition Test (PPT) and the Classroom Behavior Description checklist (CBD) were assessed for academic achievement and scholastic aptitude at the third- and eighth-grade levels. The PPT is a receptive language test which examines the comprehension of verbal directions by using spatial…

Aaronson, May; And Others

280

Inconsistent Ontology Handling by Translating Description Logics into Defeasible Logic Programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Semantic Web is a future vision of the web where stored information has exact meaning, thus enabling computers to understand and reason on the basis of such information. Assigning semantics to web resources is addressed by means of ontology definitions which are meant to be written in an ontology description language such as OWL-DL that is based on so-called

Sergio Alejandro Gómez; Carlos Iván Chesñevar; Guillermo Ricardo Simari

2007-01-01

281

Program Description-HASM: Hierarchical Access Storage Management. Information System for Vocational Decisions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a complete and technical description of one component of the Information System for Vocational Decisions (ISVD) total data storage and access system. Both a verbal and a graphic flow chart of its functions within the system are presented. (TL)

Scott, Heather

282

The Association of Research Libraries Statistics and Measurement Program: From Descriptive Data to Performance Measures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) has collected descriptive data from its members for the better part of the 20th century. This data shows that as libraries' environments change to reflect increased interest in accountability and institutional outcomes. To account for this, an ARL New Measures Initiative has been established to develop…

Blixrud, Julia C.

283

Donation after cardiac death: where, when, and how?  

PubMed

The continuing shortage of donors has led to the increasing use of marginal grafts. Surgical techniques such as split, domino, and living donations have not been able to decrease waiting list mortality. Donation after cardiac death (DCD) was the only source of grafts prior to the establishment of brain death criteria in 1968. Thereafter, donation after brain death emerged as the leading source of grafts. The context in which irreversible cessation of circulatory and respiratory functions happens was the cornerstone to definite the four categories of DCD by the First International Workshop on DCD held in Maastricht in 1995. Controlled (CDCD) and uncontrolled (UDCD) categories now account for 10%-20% of the donor pool in several countries. Despite initial high rates of primary nonfunction and ischemic-type biliary lesions, refinements in protocols and surgical techniques have led to excellent 1- and 3-year graft survivals of 80% and 70%, respectively with PNF and ITBL rates below 3%. The institution of UDCD and CDCD depends on legal considerations of presumed consent and withdrawal of maneuvers, respectively. The potential for DCD programs is huge; it may be the only real, effective way to increase the grafts pool, both in adult and pediatric populations. Recent advances in perfusion machines will surely optimize this donor pool and allow new therapies for graft resuscitation. PMID:22841187

Ciria, R; Briceno, J; Rufian, S; Luque, A; Lopez-Cillero, P

2012-01-01

284

Impact of organ donation education on US undergraduate nursing students.  

PubMed

Experts advocate educational programs addressing misinformation regarding donation decisions to increase the potential donor pool. However, few researchers have measured outcomes with nursing students. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on nursing students' knowledge, attitudes, registering as an organ donor, and family discussions. This quasi-experimental study used a pretest-posttest design with a control group. The research group consisted of 42 volunteers and the control group consisted of 73 volunteers. The written survey included 15 true-false knowledge items and 8 Likert items asking about attitude toward donation, registering as an organ donor, and family discussion. Normally distributed data showed no significant differences between groups on the pretest. The research group had no change in knowledge level 3 months later, but the control group had a significantly decreased knowledge level at that point. More members of the research group than the control group registered as organ donors after the intervention (?2 = 4.5, P= .03). The control group had no change in registering as an organ donor between the pretest and posttest. Family discussions did not differ significantly from pretest to posttest in either group. One lecture/laboratory experience did make a difference in registering as an organ donor but not in discussing the decision with family members. Students can learn about organ donation from more than one specific class. Recommendations for educators and future research are provided. PMID:24919740

Kurz, Jane McCausland

2014-06-01

285

Governed financial incentives as an alternative to altruistic organ donation.  

PubMed

In 1984, an offensive proposal for kidney sales by a US physician led the National Organ Transplant Act to become a law in the United States. Similar legislation passed in many other countries. An ethical consensus developed around the world that there should be no monetary compensation for transplantable organs, either from living or deceased persons. Unfortunately, the altruistic supply of organs has been much less than adequate, and thousands of patients die each year waiting for organ transplantation. As the altruistic system of organ donation has met with failure, some from the transplant community believe that altruism alone is not enough to satisfy the needs of the thousands of patients on organ transplant waiting lists, and providing some financial incentives or social benefits to organ sources is necessary to increase the number of cadaveric or living organ donations. In this article, the many controversies surrounding altruistic and compensated organ donation systems are discussed. The Iran model for renal transplantation, a compensated and well-regulated living-unrelated donor renal transplantation program that has successfully eliminated a renal transplant waiting list in Iran, is briefly reviewed. PMID:15859932

Ghods, Ahad J

2004-12-01

286

Description of texts of auxiliary programs for processing video information. Part 2: SUODH program of automated separation of quasihomogeneous formations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The algorithm, block diagram, complete text, and instructions are given for the use of a computer program to separate formations whose spectral characteristics are constant on the average. The initial material for operating the computer program presented is video information in a standard color-superposition format.

Borisenko, V. I.; Chesalin, L. S.

1980-01-01

287

GEODYN operations description, volume 3. [computer program for estimation of orbit and geodetic parameters  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The operating and set-up procedures for the multi-satellite, multi-arc GEODYN- Orbit Determination program are described. All system output is analyzed. The GEODYN Program is the nucleus of the entire GEODYN system. It is a definitive orbit and geodetic parameter estimation program capable of simultaneously processing observations from multiple arcs of multiple satellites. GEODYN has two modes of operation: (1) the data reduction mode and (2) the orbit generation mode.

Martin, T. V.; Mullins, N. E.

1972-01-01

288

Hypersonic ramjet experiment project. Phase 1: Computer program description, ramjet and scramjet cycle performance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computer program was developed to describe the performance of ramjet and scramjet cycles. The program performs one dimensional calculations of the equilibrium, real-gas internal flow properties of the engine. The program can be used for the following: (1) preliminary design calculation and (2) design analysis of internal flow properties corresponding to stipulated flow areas. Only the combustion of hydrogen in air is considered in this case.

Jackson, R. J.; Wang, T. T.

1974-01-01

289

The challenges of social marketing of organ donation: news and entertainment coverage of donation and transplantation.  

PubMed

While great strides have been made in persuading the public to become potential organ donors, actual behavior has not yet caught up with the nearly universally favorable attitudes the public expresses toward donation. This paper explores the issue by situating the social marketing of organ donation against a broader backdrop of entertainment and news media coverage of organ donation. Organ donation storylines are featured on broadcast television in medical and legal dramas, soap operas, and other television serials approximately four times per month (not including most cable networks), and feature storylines that promote myths and fears of the organ donation process. National news and other non-fictionalized coverage of organ donation are even more common, with stories appearing over twenty times a month on average. These stories tend to be one-dimensional and highly sensationalized in their coverage. The marketing of organ donation for entertainment essentially creates a counter-campaign to organ donation, with greater resources and reach than social marketers have access to. Understanding the broader environmental context of organ donation messages highlights the issues faced by social marketing campaigns in persuading the public to become potential donors. PMID:18935879

Harrison, Tyler R; Morgan, Susan E; Chewning, Lisa V

2008-01-01

290

Learn if You Can Donate Cord Blood  

MedlinePLUS

... Volunteer Search Email this page Print this page Learn if you can donate cord blood Tweet Join a community transplanting hope. Give . Join . Volunteer . Learn . Twitter Pinterest Facebook LinkedIn YouTube Flickr Back to ...

291

Opinions about Blood Donation amongst Medical Personnel's  

PubMed Central

Objective: There is limited literature in the Indian subcontinent on the attitude of the medical personnel regarding blood donation. The purpose of the present study was to identify and assess the barriers that prevent people from becoming blood donors and also to devise recruitment strategies to increase the blood collection. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in a tertiary care centre with attached medical college in Tamilnadu amongst 750 medical personnel. A self administered questionnaire was used for data collection from each individual. Results: Amongst the 750 medical personnel under study, 470 were never donors and 280 were lapsed donors. The foremost reason for not donating blood among lapsed donors and non donors was never being asked again. Conclusion: Donors often donate blood once and rarely return to make a second or subsequent donation. Further education, motivation and dissemination of information would help in recruitment and retention of non-remunerated blood donors.

Daniel M., Joshua; Muddegowda, Prakash H.; K., Dhivya; Kumar S., Aswin; R., Arun; S., Subash; R., Krishnamoorthy

2014-01-01

292

Increasing organ donation rates from Muslim donors: lessons from a successful model.  

PubMed

As the great majority of the population in Saudi Arabia is Muslim, the Islamic views about organ donation and transplantation have been the focus of interest to the transplant community in this and other Muslim countries. The first resolution of the Islamic council in Saudi Arabia (Senior Ulama Commission) about organ donation and transplantation was issued in 1982. It permitted tissue and organ transplantation from both living and cadaveric donors. This resolution marked a new era in organ transplantation in Saudi Arabia, leading to the formation of the Saudi Center of organ transplantation (SCOT), which organizes the process of organ donation and transplantation in Saudi Arabia. There were major strategies to reach the goals of the organ procurement centers adopted by SCOT: improving the awareness of the medical community to the importance of organ donation and transplantation, improving the awareness of the public at large to the importance of organ donation and transplantation, and developing an efficient coordinated system with both the donating hospitals and the transplant centers. Various organs had been transplanted in Saudi Arabia through the end of 2002: 3759 kidney transplants (1267 cadaver, 2492 living); 279 liver transplants(225 cadaver, 54 living); 92 heart transplants; 421 cornea transplants; 8 lungs; and 5 combined kidneys and pancreas. In addition, there have been many tissue donations of bone marrow, heart valves (264 hearts), skin, and bone. Despite the success of the Saudi program, there have been public and medical obstacles that have obviated the full benefit of cadaver donors. We suggest increasing the awareness of the medical community and the public at large to the importance of organ donation and transplantation. PMID:15518682

Shaheen, F A M; Souqiyyeh, M Z

2004-09-01

293

System description of the Repository-Only System for the FY 1990 systems integration program studies. [CONTAINS GLOSSARY  

SciTech Connect

This document provides both functional and physical descriptions of a conceptual high-level waste management system defined as a Repository-Only System. Its purpose is to provide a basis for required system computer modeling and system studies initiated in FY 1990 under the Systems Integration Program of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM). The Repository-Only System is designed to accept 3000 MTU per year of spent fuel and 400 equivalent MTU per year of high-level wastes disposal in the geologic repository. This document contains both functional descriptions of the processes in the waste management system and physical descriptions of the equipment and facilities necessary for performance of those processes. These descriptions contain the level of detail needed for the projected systems analysis studies. The Repository-Only System contains all system components, from the waste storage facilities of the waste generators to the underground facilities for final disposal of the wastes. The major facilities in the system are the waste generator waste storage facilities, a repository facility that packages the wastes and than emplaces them in the geologic repository, and the transportation equipment and facilities for transporting the wastes between these major facilities. 18 refs., 39 figs.

McKee, R.W.; Young, J.R.; Konzek, G.J.

1991-07-01

294

Enhancing Teamwork Between Chief Residents and Residency Program Directors: Description and Outcomes of an Experiential Workshop  

PubMed Central

Background An effective working relationship between chief residents and residency program directors is critical to a residency program's success. Despite the importance of this relationship, few studies have explored the characteristics of an effective program director-chief resident partnership or how to facilitate collaboration between the 2 roles, which collectively are important to program quality and resident satisfaction. We describe the development and impact of a novel workshop that paired program directors with their incoming chief residents to facilitate improved partnerships. Methods The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education sponsored a full-day workshop for residency program directors and their incoming chief residents. Sessions focused on increased understanding of personality styles, using experiential learning, and open communication between chief residents and program directors, related to feedback and expectations of each other. Participants completed an anonymous survey immediately after the workshop and again 8 months later to assess its long-term impact. Results Participants found the workshop to be a valuable experience, with comments revealing common themes. Program directors and chief residents expect each other to act as a role model for the residents, be approachable and available, and to be transparent and fair in their decision-making processes; both groups wanted feedback on performance and clear expectations from each other for roles and responsibilities; and both groups identified the need to be innovative and supportive of changes in the program. Respondents to the follow-up survey reported that workshop participation improved their relationships with their co-chiefs and program directors. Conclusion Participation in this experiential workshop improved the working relationships between chief residents and program directors. The themes that were identified can be used to foster communication between incoming chief residents and residency directors and to develop a curriculum for chief resident development.

McPhillips, Heather A.; Frohna, John G.; Murad, M. Hassan; Batra, Maneesh; Panda, Mukta; Miller, Marsha A.; Brigham, Timothy P.; Doughty, Robert A.

2011-01-01

295

Just love in live organ donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emotionally-related live organ donation is different from almost all other medical treatments in that a family member or,\\u000a in some countries, a friend contributes with an organ or parts of an organ to the recipient. Furthermore, there is a long-acknowledged\\u000a but not well-understood gender-imbalance in emotionally-related live kidney donation. This article argues for the benefit\\u000a of the concept of just

Kristin Zeiler

2009-01-01

296

SPELT (Strategies Program for Effective Learning/Thinking): A Description and Analysis of Instructional Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an instructional model, Strategies Program for Effective Learning/Thinking (SPELT), that was developed to translate cognitive psychological theory and research into a practical instructional program. The extent to which SPELT conforms to current instructional design principles is examined, and macro versus micro instructional sequencing…

Peat, D.; And Others

1989-01-01

297

Description and Evaluation of 1972 Summer Training Program for Paraprofessionals in Occupational Resource Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A three-week intensive training program is described for preparing paraprofessionals to organize, develop, and establish Occupational Resource Centers (ORC) in elementary and secondary schools and related community agencies. The training program is based on a specific task analysis of the position of developing and operating an ORC. A behavior…

Leland, Arthur L.; And Others

298

Descriptive Study of AmeriCorps Literacy Programs: State and National. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AmeriCorps is composed of three programs, State and National; National Civilian Community Corps (NCCC); and Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA). The focus of this report is on the AmeriCorps State/National program. Education-related activities have been a priority for AmeriCorps' parent organization, the National Corporation for Public…

Moss, Marc; Hiller, Jordan; Moore, Douglas

299

HZETRN: Description of a Free-Space Ion and Nucleon Transport and Shielding Computer Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The high-charge-and energy (HZE) transport computer program HZETRN is developed to address the problems of free-space radiation transport and shielding. The HZETRN program is intended specifically for the design engineer who is interested in obtaining fas...

J. W. Wilson F. F. Badavi F. A. Cucinotta J. L. Shinn G. D. Badhwar

1995-01-01

300

A Descriptive Evaluation of the Federal Class-Size Reduction Program: Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal Class-Size Reduction (CSR) Program, P.L. 105-277, begun in Fiscal Year 1999, represented a major federal commitment to help school districts hire additional qualified teachers, especially in the early elementary grades, so children would learn in smaller classes. The CSR program also allowed funds to be spent as professional…

Millsap, Mary Ann; Giancola, Jennifer; Smith, W. Carter; Hunt, Dana; Humphrey, Daniel C.; Wechsler, Marjorie E.; Riehl, Lori M.

2004-01-01

301

The National Hispanic Scholar Awards Program. A Descriptive Analysis of High-Achieving Hispanic Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1984, a study was conducted to assess the degree to which the goals of the National Hispanic Scholar Awards Program were being met. The purposes of the study were to: (1) describe the pool of applicants in 1983-84, the program's first year, and compare Hispanic Scholars (winners) with Hispanic Honorable Mentions (awardees) and Semifinalists who…

Clewell, Beatriz Chu; Joy, Myra Ficklen

302

Township of Ocean School District Contemporary Science. Program Description, September 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a program that was designed to provide non-academic disaffected students as well as college-bound high school students with a meaningful and positive educational experience in science in order to bridge the gap between science and the citizen in a technological world. The program, designed as a full year elective course,…

Truex, Ronald T.

303

Violence in the Lives of Homeless Mothers in a Substance Abuse Treatment Program: A Descriptive Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse programs for homeless women would benefit from knowing the degree of victimization and violence they may encounter in the population they serve. A substance abuse treatment program for homeless mothers with young children operating over a 2-year period encountered high rates of victimization and violence. Ongoing patterns of victimization and violence in these mothers continued during their time

CAROL S. NORTH; SANNA J. THOMPSON; ELIZABETH M. SMITH; LINDA M. KYBURZ

1996-01-01

304

Descriptive Assessment of Exercise Program on Fitness and Correlates of Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess health-related fitness, physical activity correlates, and completion of a half-marathon using a 3-day training program in a college community. Methods: 26 volunteers participated in a 20-week, half-marathon training program. Results: All participants completed the half-marathon. Positive changes in health-related fitness and…

Lanier, Angela Baldwin; Jackson, Erica Marie; Azar-Dickens, John; Anderson, Brock; Briggs, Meredith

2012-01-01

305

Individualization of Instruction: A Programmed Approach. Description of Teacher Inservice Education Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An inservice teacher education program is described in which participants experience one method of individualizing instruction through use of programmed learning workbooks and in the presence of a group leader. Inservice topics covered include self-appraisal, analysis tools, and Kurt Lewin's theory of force field analysis. Objectives are to deal…

National Education Association, Washington, DC. Project on Utilization of Inservice Education R & D Outcomes.

306

Baylor SBIRT Medical Residency Training Program: Model Description and Initial Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Baylor College of Medicine SBIRT Medical Residency Training Program is a multilevel project that trains residents and faculty in evidenced-based screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) methods for alcohol and substance use problems. This paper describes the training program and provides initial evaluation after the…

Bray, James H.; Kowalchuk, Alicia; Waters, Vicki; Laufman, Larry; Shilling, Elizabeth H.

2012-01-01

307

Oklahoma's Pilot Early Childhood Program Birth through Three Years: Description, Evaluation, and Policy Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the initiation of a statewide public-private partnership to expand and enhance services for infants, toddlers, and their families. It presents information regarding the initiation and implementation of the project; the program requirements, including those for professional development; and the design of a three-phase program

Horm, Diane M.; Goble, Carla B.; Boatright, Michelle; Decker, Cindy G.; Noble, Nichol; Norris, Deborah J.

2009-01-01

308

Donation after cardiac death: lessons learned.  

PubMed

Despite the increasingly positive outcome of organ transplantation as an accepted treatment of end-stage organ diseases, an average of 15 people die each day awaiting organ transplantation. According to the United Network for Organ Sharing, there are more than 90,000 people in the United States waiting for an organ transplant. In the United States, less than 1% of all deaths are attributed to brain death. A single brain-dead organ donor has the potential to save up to 8 individuals by donating organs and providing up to 50 people with tissue and cornea transplants. The reality is that the source of available brain-dead donors does not meet the needs of the growing waiting list. To help deal with the increasing demand for organs, donation after cardiac death has been reintroduced to families of patients with catastrophic brain injuries. Families have the right to be informed of all potential end-of-life options, including that of organ donation and the use of donation after cardiac death when appropriate. Hospitals and healthcare workers must be committed to provide the option of donation after cardiac death for both donor families and transplant recipients. The purpose of this article is to examine the process of implementing a donation after cardiac death policy in a 1,061-bed tertiary care hospital with level I trauma designation. PMID:17420653

Sills, Patty; Bair, Holly A; Gates, Liz; Janczyk, Randy J

2007-01-01

309

A processor description language supporting retargetable multi-pipeline DSP program development tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many ISA-level machine description languages have been introduced to support the automated development and retargeting of digital signal processor (DSP) software development tools. These languages have yet to move below the ISA-level and adequately address DSP pipeline issues. ISA-level bit-accurate models may be reasonable for small micro-controllers, but are inadequate when applied to complex high-performance DSPs. We introduce a new

Chuck Siska

1998-01-01

310

The benchmark aeroelastic models program: Description and highlights of initial results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An experimental effort was implemented in aeroelasticity called the Benchmark Models Program. The primary purpose of this program is to provide the necessary data to evaluate computational fluid dynamic codes for aeroelastic analysis. It also focuses on increasing the understanding of the physics of unsteady flows and providing data for empirical design. An overview is given of this program and some results obtained in the initial tests are highlighted. The tests that were completed include measurement of unsteady pressures during flutter of rigid wing with a NACA 0012 airfoil section and dynamic response measurements of a flexible rectangular wing with a thick circular arc airfoil undergoing shock boundary layer oscillations.

Bennett, Robert M.; Eckstrom, Clinton V.; Rivera, Jose A., Jr.; Dansberry, Bryan E.; Farmer, Moses G.; Durham, Michael H.

1991-01-01

311

Cross-modality grief therapy: description and assessment of a new program.  

PubMed

A recently developed program for extensive inpatient grief therapy in groups, administered on a time-limited basis, is outlined, an illustrative case study is described, and empirical assessment of the program's efficacy is provided. During a 3-month stay in a Dutch Health Care Centre, a combined treatment program was offered that integrated behavior and art therapy [so-called Cross-Modality Grief Therapy, (CMGT)]. Assessment (levels of symptomatology on the General Health Questionnaire) was made at pretest, post-test, and follow-up and was compared with levels at comparable time points among participants in a more traditional program. Systematic advantages were found for CMGT. Discussion focuses on the identification of elements within CMGT that were responsible for its effectiveness. PMID:8835699

Schut, H A; de Keijser, J; van den Bout, J; Stroebe, M S

1996-05-01

312

System description and operating guide for DSAS illumination and moon conflict programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The DSAS Illumination and Moon Conflict programs are described which during an orbit when the DSAS (Digital Solar Aspect Sensor) will record the direct rays of the sun, and the periods of time when the horizon scanners will come in conflict with the moon. The DSAS Illumination Program makes use of an orbit tape (or epoch time and orbital elements) in addition to an ephemeris tape containing positions of the sun and moon. The Moon Conflict Program makes use of the same ephemeris tape with sun and moon positions, but uses only epoch time and orbital elements for the satellite positions. These programs were designed for the TIROS or ITOS series spacecraft but may be utilized by any spacecraft with similar sensors.

Dunker, S. C.

1973-01-01

313

Computer model for refinery operations with emphasis on jet fuel production. Volume 1: Program description  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A FORTRAN computer program is described for predicting the flow streams and material, energy, and economic balances of a typical petroleum refinery, with particular emphasis on production of aviation turbine fuel of varying end point and hydrogen content specifications. The program has provision for shale oil and coal oil in addition to petroleum crudes. A case study feature permits dependent cases to be run for parametric or optimization studies by input of only the variables which are changed from the base case.

Dunbar, D. N.; Tunnah, B. G.

1978-01-01

314

Conflicting attitudes to corneal and organ donation: a study of nurses' attitudes to organ donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The demand for transplantable organs and tissues is steadily increasing and action is necessary to improve the organ and tissue donation rates. Previous research has suggested that nurses have a substantial influence on the rates of donation in the clinical area. Nurses (N = 150) were asked to complete a number of measures to assess positive and negative attitudes towards

Bridie Kent; R. Glynn Owens

1995-01-01

315

African-American Reluctance to Donate: Beliefs and Attitudes about Organ Donation and Implications for Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews current and suggested policies designed to in- crease organ donation in the United States and indicates the problems inherent to these approaches for increasing organ donation by African Americans. Data from a population-based study assessing attitudes and beliefs about organ dona- tion among white and African-American respondents are presented and discussed. We pose the question of whether

Laura A. Siminoff; Christina M. Saunders Sturm

2000-01-01

316

U.S.-MEXICO BORDER PROGRAM ARIZONA BORDER STUDY--STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR CODING: DESCRIPTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE (UA-D-6.0)  

EPA Science Inventory

This purpose of this SOP is to define the coding strategy for the Descriptive Questionnaire. This questionnaire was developed for use in the Arizona NHEXAS project and the Border study. Keywords: data; coding; descriptive questionnaire. The U.S.-Mexico Border Program is sponso...

317

WINDOW 4.0: Program description. A PC program for analyzing the thermal performance of fenestration products  

SciTech Connect

WINDOW 4.0 is a publicly available IBM PC compatible computer program developed by the Windows and Daylighting Group at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory for calculating total window thermal performance indices (e.g. U-values, solar heat gain coefficients, shading coefficients, and visible transmittances). WINDOW 4.0 provides a versatile heat transfer analysis method consistent with the rating procedure developed by the National Fenestration Rating Council (NFRC). The program can be used to design and develop new products, to rate and compare performance characteristics of all types of window products, to assist educators in teaching heat transfer through windows, and to help public officials in developing building energy codes. WINDOW 4.0 is a major revision to WINDOW 3.1 and we strongly urge all users to read this manual before using the program. Users who need professional assistance with the WINDOW 4.0 program or other window performance simulation issues are encouraged to contact one or more of the NFRC-accredited Simulation Laboratories. A list of these accredited simulation professionals is available from the NFRC.

Not Available

1992-03-01

318

A Descriptive Study of Athletic Training Education Programs Based on Findings on CAATE Standard H and Program Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is limited research that describes the evaluation procedures utilized by Athletic Training Education Programs (ATEP). The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the process the CAATE member institutions use to assess outcome-based standards in Standard H. This research used a cross-sectional study design. A survey link…

Golly, Heather Louise

2011-01-01

319

Public awareness and acceptance of tissue and organ donation.  

PubMed

Organ donation is a worldwide problem especially in developing countries due to lack of knowledge about brain death and organ transplantation as well as traditional values and beliefs. Limited data are available concerning public knowledge and awareness of organ donation and transplantation in Turkey. A prospective study was carried out and data (n=774) were gathered from a structured questionnaire. The results indicated that 96.6% of participants had heard of organ donation and transplantation, 91.8% approved donation, and 59.2% would consider donating organs of their own. 62.6% were unaware of the donation law. As 81.7% of participants were interested in having more information on the issue, information booklets covering brain death, donation law and the organ donation process may increase donation of organs. PMID:15835409

Ozdag, Nurten

2004-01-01

320

Gulf Coast geopressured-geothermal program summary report compilation. Volume 2-A: Resource description, program history, wells tested, university and company based research, site restoration  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy established a geopressured-geothermal energy program in the mid 1970`s as one response to America`s need to develop alternate energy resources in view of the increasing dependence on imported fossil fuel energy. This program continued for 17 years and approximately two hundred million dollars were expended for various types of research and well testing to thoroughly investigate this alternative energy source. This volume describes the following studies: Geopressured-geothermal resource description; Resource origin and sediment type; Gulf Coast resource extent; Resource estimates; Project history; Authorizing legislation; Program objectives; Perceived constraints; Program activities and structure; Well testing; Program management; Program cost summary; Funding history; Resource characterization; Wells of opportunity; Edna Delcambre No. 1 well; Edna Delcambre well recompletion; Fairfax Foster Sutter No. 2 well; Beulah Simon No. 2 well; P.E. Girouard No. 1 well; Prairie Canal No. 1 well; Crown Zellerbach No. 2 well; Alice C. Plantation No. 2 well; Tenneco Fee N No. 1 well; Pauline Kraft No. 1 well; Saldana well No. 2; G.M. Koelemay well No. 1; Willis Hulin No. 1 well; Investigations of other wells of opportunity; Clovis A. Kennedy No. 1 well; Watkins-Miller No. 1 well; Lucien J. Richard et al No. 1 well; and the C and K-Frank A. Godchaux, III, well No. 1.

John, C.J.; Maciasz, G.; Harder, B.J.

1998-06-01

321

Current status of clinical education in paramedic programs: a descriptive research project.  

PubMed

Development of competence in exercising therapeutic judgment skills represents the goal of clinical education. Time (clock hours) is not a valid predictor of attainment of competence in paramedic clinical education. Quantity of patient contact experiences facilitates development of judgment skills, and offers a valid measure of progress toward competence. This project uses national survey data from accredited programs to describe the availability and accessibility of patient contact experiences within paramedic clinical education. Data from this local program supplements the national survey results. The components of clinical judgment are enumerated, and strategies to teach and evaluate clinical judgment skills are discussed. PMID:10179202

Grubbs, K C

1997-01-01

322

Continuing Care in High Schools: A Descriptive Study of Recovery High School Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from 17 recovery high schools suggest programs are dynamic and vary in enrollment, fiscal stability, governance, staffing, and organizational structure. Schools struggle with enrollment, funding, lack of primary treatment accessibility, academic rigor, and institutional support. Still, for adolescents having received treatment for substance…

Finch, Andrew J.; Moberg, D. Paul; Krupp, Amanda Lawton

2014-01-01

323

The 1991 version of the plume impingement computer program. Volume 1: Description  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of this contract was to continue development of a vacuum plume impingement evaluator to provide an analyst with a capability for rapid assessment of thruster plume impingement scenarios. The research was divided into three areas: Plume Impingement Computer Program (PLIMP) modification/validation; graphics development; and documentation in the form of a Plume Handbook and PLIMP Input Guide.

Bender, Robert L.; Somers, Richard E.; Prendergast, Maurice J.; Clayton, Joseph P.; Smith, Sheldon D.

1991-01-01

324

Team Teaching. A Descriptive and Evaluative Study of a Program for the Primary Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Team teaching was introduced in a summer academic program for grades one through three in Concord, California. Each team was composed of three or four teachers and a teacher aide. A total of 410 children were assigned to four teams, and curriculum was basically enrichment oriented with assistance for those with remedial problems. The curriculum…

Wall, Harvey R.; Reasoner, Robert W.

325

A Descriptive Analysis of Undergraduate PETE Programs in the Central District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study described physical education teacher education (PETE) programs at institutions located within the Central District of the United States (CDAAAHPERD). Of the 72 institutions invited to participate, 44 institutions completed the survey (58% response rate). The purpose of this study was to describe the general profile/practices of…

Hetland, Kristen M.; Strand, Bradford

2010-01-01

326

1988 Troop Program Unit Attritee Research Project: Tabular Descriptions of the Army National Guard.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1988 Troop Program Unit (TPU) attritee research project forms a part of the FY87-88 U.S. Army Reserve (USAR) Personnel Research Strategy to enhance retention in the Total Army. The purpose of the survey was to identify the causes of early attrition fr...

A. C. Theisen R. M. Bray

1990-01-01

327

A Descriptive and Analytic Study of Compensatory Reading Programs. Final Report. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observations were conducted in 29 elementary schools in which reading instruction had been found to be effective, as well as in classes from less effective schools, in order to determine the characteristics which were associated with effective and ineffective compensatory reading programs. The schools' membership in a cluster (partially effective,…

Trismen, Donald A.; And Others

328

National Evaluation of the ESEA Title I Migrant Program. A Brief Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The national evaluation of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Title I Migrant Program whose design is described in this report is intended to meet the mandate of the statute which directs the Commissioner of Education to provide for indepen...

B. Cameron

1977-01-01

329

21st Century Community Learning Centers Descriptive Study of Program Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2004, the U.S. Department of Education's Policy and Program Studies Service contracted with SRI International and its partner, Policy Studies Associates, to undertake an evaluation of the 21st Century Community Learning Centers. The following evaluation questions informed this study: (1) What is the nature of activities in centers that are…

Penuel, William R.; McGhee, Raymond, Jr.

2010-01-01

330

COMPLEX TERRAIN DISPERSION MODEL (CTDM) TERRAIN PREPROCESSOR SYSTEM. USER GUIDE AND PROGRAM DESCRIPTION  

EPA Science Inventory

The report describes the theory and operation of a terrain preprocessor computer program which approximates actual terrain features with mathematical functions. The best-fit parameters for these functions are used by the Complex Terrain Dispersion Model (CTDM) in the calculation ...

331

10 CFR Appendix A to Part 605 - The Energy Research Program Office Descriptions  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...fundamental forces of nature as manifested in nuclear...are to understand the nature and relationships among fundamental forces of nature and to understand the...in the research and development programs of DOE. Broad...resource for science education. The Office of...

2014-01-01

332

Generic Baccalaureate Nursing Programs: Description of Administrative Structure and Student Recruitment Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 220 nursing school deans and 749 seniors revealed that most schools do not lack qualified applicants or have enrollment problems. Most admit second degree students, and some have programs for them. Most do special recruiting from racial and ethnic groups and inner-city or rural areas. (MSE)

Redman, Barbara K.; Cassells, Judith M.

1985-01-01

333

Aerodynamic preliminary analysis system. Part 2: User's manual and program description  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A comprehensive aerodynamic analysis program based on linearized potential theory is described. The solution treats thickness and attitude problems at subsonic and supersonic speeds. Three dimensional configurations with or without jet flaps having multiple nonplanar surfaces of arbitrary planform and open or closed slender bodies or noncircular contour are analyzed. Longitudinal and lateral-directional static and rotary derivative solutions are generated. The analysis is implemented on a time sharing system in conjunction with an input tablet digitizer and an interactive graphics input/output display and editing terminal to maximize its responsiveness to the preliminary analysis problem. Nominal case computation time of 45 CPU seconds on the CDC 175 for a 200 panel simulation indicates the program provides an efficient analysis for systematically performing various aerodynamic configuration tradeoff and evaluation studies.

Divan, P.; Dunn, K.; Kojima, J.

1978-01-01

334

NCI/CPFP - 2010 Application Catalog - Program Description - Master in Clinical Investigation  

Cancer.gov

Once accepted into the CPFP, each fellow is responsible for arranging admission to an accredited university offering a master's program that can be completed in 12 months or less. The NCI will pay the tuition, fees, book allowance, and fellow's stipend during this year. It is expected that all master's degree requirements will be completed by the start of the NCI Summer Curriculum in Cancer Prevention.

335

Probing Emissions of Military Cargo Aircraft: Description of a Joint Field Measurement Program  

SciTech Connect

Direct emissions of NOx, volatile organic compounds, and particulate matter (PM) by aircraft contribute to the pollutant levels found in the atmosphere. Aircraft emissions can be injected at the ground level or directly at the high altitude in flight. Conversion of the precursor gases into secondary PM is one of the pathways for the increased atmospheric PM. Atmospheric PM interacts with solar radiation altering atmospheric radiation balance and potentially contributing to global and regional climate changes. Also, direct emissions of air toxics, ozone precursors and PM from aircraft in and around civilian airports and military air bases can worsen local air quality in non-attainment and/or maintenance areas. These emissions need to be quantified. However, the current EPA methods for particle emission measurements from such sources, modified Method 5 and Conditional Test Method 039, are gravimetric-based, and it is anticipated that these methods will not be suitable for current and future generations of aircraft turbine engines, whose particle mass emissions are low. To evaluate measurement approaches for military aircraft emissions, two complementary projects were initiated in 2005. A joint field campaign between these two programs was executed during the first week of October 2005 at the Kentucky Air National Guard (KYANG) base in Louisville, KY. This campaign represented the first in a series of field studies for each program funded by the DoD Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) and provided the basis for cross-comparison of the sampling approaches and measurement techniques employed by the respective program teams. This paper describes the overall programmatic of the multi-year SERDP aircraft emissions research and presents a summary of the results from the joint field campaign.

Cheng, Mengdawn [ORNL; Corporan, E. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH; DeWitt, M. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH; Spicer, C. [Battelle, Columbus; Holdren, M. [Battelle, Columbus; Cowen, K. [Battelle, Columbus; Harris, B. [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Raleigh, North Carolina; Shores, R. [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Raleigh, North Carolina; Hashmonay, R. [Arcadis, Inc., Durham, North Carolina; Kaganan, R. [Arcadis, Inc., Durham, North Carolina

2008-01-01

336

The advanced low-emissions catalytic-combuster program. Phase 1: Description and status  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview of the ongoing program is presented. Objectives, plan, schedule, pollution and performance goals, catalyst advantages, present problems, and the present status of identified combustor concepts are discussed. The possible increase in upper atmosphere oxides of nitrogen (NOx) levels due to aircraft number density increases was predicted to adversely decrease ozone concentration levels. A technique for achieving low NOx emission levels was experimentally demonstrated with a lean, premixing prevaporizing flame-tube combustor.

Szaniszlo, A. J.

1979-01-01

337

Managing distress in oncology patients: description of an innovative online educational program for nurses.  

PubMed

The American Psychosocial Oncology Society and the Individual Cancer Assistance Network have launched the online continuing education accredited program "ICAN: Distress Management for Oncology Nursing" to address the ability of oncology nurses to assess, treat, and refer patients with a range of psychosocial problems. An important goal of the program is to reduce traditional barriers to psychosocial oncology education by providing the oncology nursing community with easy access to information from experts in the field. There are 4 Internet webcasts: Nurse's Role in Recognizing Distress in Patients and Caregivers; Assessment Recommendations; Treatment Strategies; and Principles and Guidelines for Psychotherapy and Referral. The program examines the prevalence and dimensions of patient distress and offers instruction on how to effectively integrate screening tools, such as the Distress Thermometer and Problem Check List, into clinical practice. It provides details on relevant interventions and referral algorithms based on the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Guidelines for Distress Management. It explores the devastating impact of psychological distress on quality of life, and the unique position of nurses in busy inpatient settings, outpatient clinics, and offices to detect, intervene, and refer to appropriate services. Providing information over the Internet addresses common barriers to learning, including schedule and time constraints. PMID:18987517

Pasacreta, Jeannie V; Kenefick, Amy L; McCorkle, Ruth

2008-01-01

338

AutoBayes/CC: Combining Program Synthesis with Automatic Code Certification: System Description  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Code certification is a lightweight approach to formally demonstrate software quality. It concentrates on aspects of software quality that can be defined and formalized via properties, e.g., operator safety or memory safety. Its basic idea is to require code producers to provide formal proofs that their code satisfies these quality properties. The proofs serve as certificates which can be checked independently, by the code consumer or by certification authorities, e.g., the FAA. It is the idea underlying such approaches as proof-carrying code [6]. Code certification can be viewed as a more practical version of traditional Hoare-style program verification. The properties to be verified are fairly simple and regular so that it is often possible to use an automated theorem prover to automatically discharge all emerging proof obligations. Usually, however, the programmer must still splice auxiliary annotations (e.g., loop invariants) into the program to facilitate the proofs. For complex properties or larger programs this quickly becomes the limiting factor for the applicability of current certification approaches.

Whalen, Michael; Schumann, Johann; Fischer, Bernd; Clancy, Daniel (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

339

Incentives for organ donation: pros and cons.  

PubMed

Altruism still remains the main principle of organ donation worldwide. However, since the current practices has not met the demand for organs, new strategies should be found to encourage organ donation. Implementation of financial incentives in transplantation is a matter of debate among experts in the fields of transplantation, ethics, law, and economics. It should be acknowledged that donors incur many expenses while participating in the transplant process, which seems unfair. Various forms of incentives have been suggested and are currently used worldwide. This article describes current attitudes toward incentives for in transplantation used in different countries, arguing in favor as well as against them. PMID:22841275

Chkhotua, A

2012-01-01

340

Formalities, good faith, and tissue donation.  

PubMed

After a patient died in a Veterans Administration hospital, a resident physician asked the next of kin to sign two identical autopsy forms, one of which was stamped "Eye Donor." The family signed, despite orally objecting to donation of tissue. Nevertheless, the patient's eyes were removed because other hospital staff were unaware of the objection. The family sued the hospital and eye bank. The Federal District Court in Minnesota dismissed the case before trial on the basis that both defendants were immune from liability because of the Uniform Anatomical Gift Act. Clear policies communicated to staff and separate autopsy and donation forms can help to avoid confusion and legal difficulties. PMID:7934196

Helminski, F

1994-10-01

341

How You Can Help Medical Research: Donating Your Blood, Tissue, and Other Samples  

MedlinePLUS

... your consent plays a role. People from all backgrounds and communities donate samples What Are Samples? Samples ( ... saliva, and urine. Who Donates? People from all backgrounds and communities donate samples. Why Should I Donate? ...

342

Descriptive Aspects of Injection Drug Users in Iran's National Harm Reduction Program by Methadone Maintenance Treatment  

PubMed Central

Background The Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education of Iran has recently announced an estimated figure of 200,000 injecting drug users (IDUs). The aim of this study was to pilot a national program using demographics, types of drug abuse and prevalence of blood-borne infections among IDUs. Methods: In order to elicit data on demographics, types of drug abuse and prevalence of blood-borne infections among IDUs, a questionnaire was designed in the Bureau of Mental-Social Health and Addiction in collaboration with Iran’s Drug Control Headquarters of the Police Department. Therapeutical alliance of addiction in Shafagh Center was based on Methadone Maintenance Therapy (MMT). Results: Among 402 reported IDUs most of them were male, single and in age range of 20 to 39 years old with 72.7% history of imprisonment. Most of them had elementary and high school education and a history of addiction treatment. The majority were current users of opioid, heroin and crack. The prevalence of blood-borne infections was 65.9% and 18.8% for HCV and HIV/AIDS infections, respectively. Conclusion: Prevention programs about harm reduction, treatment and counseling should include young IDUs as a core focus of their intervention structure.

ESKANDARIEH, Sharareh; NIKFARJAM, Ali; TARJOMAN, Termeh; NASEHI, Abassali; JAFARI, Firoozeh; SABERI-ZAFARGHANDI, Mohammad-Bagher

2013-01-01

343

Description and results of test-drilling program at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, 1982-84  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Picatinny Arsenal, located in north-central New Jersey, has a long history of explosives manufacturing. Past industrial activities and past waste-disposal practices have caused some groundwater contamination problems. In 1982, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Army, began a water resources investigation of the Arsenal. The test drilling program is designed to define the hydrogeology and install observation wells. Twenty-two boreholes were drilled and 21 observation wells installed in these holes. All drilling was done in a glaciated valley. The report includes lithologic and gamma-ray logs, results of grain-size analyses, well-construction data, and some groundwater levels. The generalized stratigraphic sequence of geologic units penetrated from the test-drilling program are from lower to upper: (1) pre-dominantly dolomitic Leithsville Formation, (2) in the upper part of bedrock, a weathered dolomite zone, (3) a thin discontinuous mantle of till, and (4) stratified drift deposit up to 208 ft thick. (USGS)

Harte, P. T.; Sargent, B. P.; Vowinkel, E. F.

1986-01-01

344

The experimental clean combustor program: Description and status to November 1975  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The generation of technology was studied for the development of advanced commercial CTOL aircraft engines with lower exhaust emissions than current aircraft. The program is in three phases. Phase 1, already completed, consisted of screening tests of low pollution combustor concepts. Phase 2, currently in progress, consists of test rig refinement of the most promising combustor concepts. Phase 2 test results are reported. Phase 3, also currently in progress, consists of incorporating and evaluating the best combustors as part of a complete engine. Engine test plans and pollution sampling techniques are described in this report. Program pollution goals, specified at engine idle and take-off conditions, are idle emission index value of 20 and 4 for carbon monoxide (CO) and total unburned hydrocarbons (THC), respectively, and at take-off are an oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emission index level of 10 and a smoke number of 15. Pollution data were obtained at all engine operating conditions. Results are presented in terms of emission index and also in terms of the Environmental Protection Agency's 1979 Standards Parameter.

Niedzwiecki, R. W.

1975-01-01

345

Spent Nuclear Fuel Project document control and Records Management Program Description  

SciTech Connect

The Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project document control and records management program, as defined within this document, is based on a broad spectrum of regulatory requirements, Department of Energy (DOE) and Project Hanford and SNF Project-specific direction and guidance. The SNF Project Execution Plan, HNF-3552, requires the control of documents and management of records under the auspices of configuration control, conduct of operations, training, quality assurance, work control, records management, data management, engineering and design control, operational readiness review, and project management and turnover. Implementation of the controls, systems, and processes necessary to ensure compliance with applicable requirements is facilitated through plans, directives, and procedures within the Project Hanford Management System (PHMS) and the SNF Project internal technical and administrative procedures systems. The documents cited within this document are those which directly establish or define the SNF Project document control and records management program. There are many peripheral documents that establish requirements and provide direction pertinent to managing specific types of documents that, for the sake of brevity and clarity, are not cited within this document.

MARTIN, B.M.

2000-05-18

346

Automated Critical PeakPricing Field Tests: 2006 Pilot ProgramDescription and Results  

SciTech Connect

During 2006 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and the Demand Response Research Center (DRRC) performed a technology evaluation for the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) Emerging Technologies Programs. This report summarizes the design, deployment, and results from the 2006 Automated Critical Peak Pricing Program (Auto-CPP). The program was designed to evaluate the feasibility of deploying automation systems that allow customers to participate in critical peak pricing (CPP) with a fully-automated response. The 2006 program was in operation during the entire six-month CPP period from May through October. The methodology for this field study included site recruitment, control strategy development, automation system deployment, and evaluation of sites' participation in actual CPP events through the summer of 2006. LBNL recruited sites in PG&E's territory in northern California through contacts from PG&E account managers, conferences, and industry meetings. Each site contact signed a memorandum of understanding with LBNL that outlined the activities needed to participate in the Auto-CPP program. Each facility worked with LBNL to select and implement control strategies for demand response and developed automation system designs based on existing Internet connectivity and building control systems. Once the automation systems were installed, LBNL conducted communications tests to ensure that the Demand Response Automation Server (DRAS) correctly provided and logged the continuous communications of the CPP signals with the energy management and control system (EMCS) for each site. LBNL also observed and evaluated Demand Response (DR) shed strategies to ensure proper commissioning of controls. The communication system allowed sites to receive day-ahead as well as day-of signals for pre-cooling, a DR strategy used at a few sites. Measurement of demand response was conducted using two different baseline models for estimating peak load savings. One was the CPP baseline model, which is based on the site electricity consumption from noon to 6 p.m. for the three days with highest consumption of the previous ten non-weekend days; it is not normalized for weather. The second model, the LBNL adjusted outside air temperature (OAT) regression baseline model, is based on OAT data and site electricity consumption from the previous ten days, and it is adjusted using weather regressions from the fifteen-minute electric load data during each event day. These baseline models were used to evaluate the demand reduction during each DR event for each site. The aggregated response from all sites for each event was also estimated using both baseline models. The evaluation research also included surveying the facility managers regarding any problems or issues that arose during the DR events. Questions covered occupant comfort, controls issues, and other potential problems. This 2006 Auto-CPP study included an assessment of the CPP economics for each site. This consisted of summing all of the credits on non-CPP days and subtracting the charges on CPP days. Estimates of the CPP economics without the demand response control strategies were also developed.

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila

2007-06-19

347

Factors influencing the adaptation of the Spanish Model of organ donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spain is the only existing example of a large country (40 million inhabitants) with a continuous increase in cadaveric organ donation for a period of over 10 years, and, in parallel, with an increase in the overall number of solid organ transplantations. A proactive donor detection program performed by well-trained transplant coordinators, the introduction of systematic death audits in the

Rafael Matesanz

2003-01-01

348

Clean energy and extreme poverty: The cost burden of donated solar home lighting systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

People living in extreme poverty may not be able to afford donated solar home lighting systems. These systems improve quality of life but they may not lift people out of poverty. Users must participate in savings programs, maintain savings themselves, or be able to arrange credit to pay for substantial future costs, such as battery replacement. The monthly savings needed

H. J. Corsair

2009-01-01

349

Doctors More Willing Than General Public to Donate Organs  

MedlinePLUS

... Preidt Tuesday, July 15, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Page Organ Donation TUESDAY, July 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors are ... illness. Showing that many physicians are registered for organ donation themselves could help dispel this myth. Although most ...

350

Age Modulates attitudes to Whole Body Donation Among Medical Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a study to understand the effect of medical student age on the attitude towards whole body donation. Outcomes discussed include the shift in attitude toward the nature of body donation (family member, self, unrelated stranger).

2009-07-01

351

Cost of Kidney Donation May Deter the Poor  

MedlinePLUS

... Preidt Thursday, July 17, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Health Disparities Kidney Transplantation Organ Donation THURSDAY, July 17, 2014 ( ... HealthDay . All rights reserved. More Health News on: Health Disparities Kidney Transplantation Organ Donation Recent Health News Page ...

352

An Analysis of Selected Descriptive and Experimental Studies on Program Model Designs for Gifted Students for Potential Use in Rural School Districts of Developing Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

U.S. program model designs used for children who are gifted were analyzed for their potential applications for rural schools of developing countries such as South Africa. Program trends and practices are identified from analysis of 100 descriptive and experimental studies of the last 10 years. A bibliography of the studies is included. (SW)

Naidu, Sandhrapvakesh R.; Presley, Priscilla Henshaw

1995-01-01

353

The Validity of the ACT and Descriptive Tests of Language Skills for Developmental Students over a Four-Year College Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The sample for this study included 496 students admitted to a large midwestern university through the special admissions program. Validity coefficients of the Descriptive Tests of Language Skills (DTLS) subtests, the Academic Tests of the ACT Assessment Program (ACT), and high school percentile rank were calculated with cumulative grade point…

Snyder, Vivian; Elmore, Patricia B.

354

An Exploratory Study of Relational, Persuasive, and Nonverbal Communication in Requests for Tissue Donation  

PubMed Central

This study explores the effects of tissue requesters’ relational, persuasive, and nonverbal communication on families’ final donation decisions. One thousand sixteen (N=1,016) requests for tissue donation were audiotaped and analyzed using the Siminoff Communication Content and Affect Program, a computer application specifically designed to code and assist with the quantitative analysis of communication data. This study supports the important role of communication strategies in health-related decision making. Families were more likely to consent to tissue donation when confirmational messages (e.g., messages that expressed validation or acceptance) or persuasive tactics such as credibility, altruism, or esteem were used during donation discussions. Consent was also more likely when family members exhibited nonverbal immediacy or disclosed private information about themselves or the patient. The results of a hierarchical log-linear regression revealed that the use of relational communication during requests directly predicted family consent. The results provide information about surrogate decision making in end-of-life situations and may be used to guide future practice in obtaining family consent to tissue donation.

SIMINOFF, LAURA A.; TRAINO, HEATHER M.; GORDON, NAHIDA H.

2011-01-01

355

Description of the Prometheus Program Alternator/Thruster Integration Laboratory (ATIL)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Project Prometheus Alternator Electric Thruster Integration Laboratory's (ATIL) primary two objectives are to obtain test data to influence the power conversion and electric propulsion systems design, and to assist in developing the primary power quality specifications prior to system Preliminary Design Review (PDR). ATIL is being developed in stages or configurations of increasing fidelity and complexity in order to support the various phases of the Prometheus program. ATIL provides a timely insight of the electrical interactions between a representative Permanent Magnet Generator, its associated control schemes, realistic electric system loads, and an operating electric propulsion thruster. The ATIL main elements are an electrically driven 100 kWe Alternator Test Unit (ATU), an alternator controller using parasitic loads, and a thruster Power Processing Unit (PPU) breadboard. This paper describes the ATIL components, its development approach, preliminary integration test results, and current status.

Baez, Anastacio N.; Birchenough, Arthur G.; Lebron-Velilla, Ramon C.; Gonzalez, Marcelo C.

2005-01-01

356

Aerobic Exercise for Alcohol Recovery: Rationale, Program Description, and Preliminary Findings  

PubMed Central

Alcohol use disorders are a major public health concern. Despite the demonstrated efficacy of a number of different treatments for alcohol dependence, relapse remains a major problem. Healthy lifestyle changes may contribute to long-term maintenance of recovery and interventions targeting physical activity, in particular, may be especially valuable as an adjunct to alcohol treatment. In this paper, we discuss the rationale and review potential mechanisms of action whereby exercise might benefit alcohol dependent patients in recovery. We then describe the development of a 12-week moderate-intensity aerobic exercise program as an adjunctive intervention for alcohol dependent patients in recovery. Preliminary data from a pilot study (n=19) are presented and the overall significance of this research effort is discussed.

Brown, Richard A.; Abrantes, Ana M.; Read, Jennifer P.; Marcus, Bess H.; Jakicic, John; Strong, David R.; Oakley, Julie R.; Ramsey, Susan E.; Kahler, Christopher W.; Stuart, Gregory G.; Dubreuil, Mary Ella; Gordon, Alan A.

2010-01-01

357

Description of the solid waste container corrosion program at the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

Waste management and environmental restoration are the Prime missions of the Hanford site, owned by the Department of Energy and operated by a management and operations contractor. The Site is located in southeast Washington State; its focus since World War II was the production of nuclear material to be used in atomic weapons but now is environmental cleanup. The cleanup of the site presents formidable challenges. The degradation of containers used to store radioactive and hazardous waste presents one of these challenges. Such containers, primarily 55 gallon (208 liter) drums, have been stored for eventual retrieval and re-packing for final disposal, some since 1970, in various types of environments. The expected degradation during storage must be estimated, verified, and predicted to allow prudent waste storage. several programs have been put into place at the Hanford Site to facilitate corrosion measurement and prediction.

Duncan, D.R.

1995-01-01

358

Experiences of the families concerning organ donation of a family member with brain death  

PubMed Central

Background: In recent years, the lack of organ for transplantation has resulted in health planners and authorities in all countries, including Iran, paying serious attention to the issue. Despite the above-mentioned fact, families with a member affected by brain death are not interested in organ donation. Objective: This study is aimed at making an investigation into the decision-making process of organ donation in families with brain death. Also, the research is aimed at investigating how the deterrent and facilitating factors in the process of organ donation can be made. Materials and Methods: The current research is a qualitative study with descriptive exploratory approach. Data were collected through unstructured interviews with 10 family members who gave consent to organ donation of their family members in 2012. Purposeful sampling processes began in March 2012 and lasted up to June 2012. Simultaneously, thematic approach was used in analyzing the data. Results: Data analysis led to finding 24 categories and 11 themes, which fell into two categories: facilitating and deterrent factors. The five main deterrent themes included the five themes of prohibiting factors that were shock, hope for recovery, unknown process, and conflict of opinions, and worrying association. The six main facilitating themes included humanistic desires, immortality, culture making, satisfaction of the deceased, assurance, and eternal honor. Conclusion: The findings indicated that there is ambiguity and different interpretations on brain death. The research also showed that using the experiences of donator families can provide practical and applied solutions to facilitate the process of organ donation and solve the problems faced by the health care system.

Yousefi, Hojatollah; Roshani, Asieh; Nazari, Fatemeh

2014-01-01

359

Oocyte donors’ experiences of altruistic known donation: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate the experiences of women who had donated oocytes to a known recipient. Background: Altruistic known donation between friends or family members is the predominant form of oocyte donation in Canada due to legal prohibition of donor compensation. Methods: Data were collected from a hospital-based IVF clinic located in a Canadian

Samantha Yee; Eric Blyth; A. Ka Tat Tsang

2011-01-01

360

Socio-personal profile of teenagers opposed to organ donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The teenage population has a more favourable attitude towards organ donation than other population groups. Teenagers represent the future of the community and their opinion directly affects other family members and friends. Therefore, teenagers who are in favour of donation become promoters of organ donation in their area of influence. Our aim was to determine the opinion and fears

Catalina Conesa; Antonio Rios Zambudio; Pablo Ramirez; Manuel Canteras; Maria del Mar Rodriguez; Pascual Parrilla

361

Organ donation and utilization in the United States, 2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses issues directly related to the organ donation process, including donor consent, donor medical suitability, non-recovery of organs, or- gans recovered but not transplanted, expanded criteria donors (ECD), and donation after cardiac death (DCD). The findings and topics covered have important impli- cations for how to evaluate and share best practices of organ donation as implemented by organ

Francis L. Delmonicoa; Ellen Sheehyb; William H. Marksc; Prabhakar Baligad; Joshua J. McGowane; John C. Mageef

362

Blood Donation and Transfusion: A Primer for Health Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a primer for health educators about blood donation and transfusion, examining the nature of human blood, the background of blood transfusion, blood donation criteria, risks related to homologous blood transfusion, directed blood donation, potential alternatives to homologous transfusion, and resources for education on the subject. (SM)

Felts, W. Michael; Glascoff, Mary A.

1991-01-01

363

Production irradiated fuel assay gauge neutron detection: description and testing (LWBR Development Program)  

SciTech Connect

The production irradiated fuel assay gauge (PIFAG) is being used to nondestructively assay irradiated LWBR core fuel rods by the method of active neutron interrogation with delayed neutron counting. Twenty delayed neutron detectors have been assembled, fifteen for use in the PIFAG and five spares. A delayed neutron detector assembly consists of four /sup 10/B-lined proportional counters connected in parallel to a common preamplifier. The preamplifier utilizes an LD604 hybrid circuit and is located within the detector assembly. An extensive test program has been carried out to measure detector properties and performance. The properties investigated include the sensitivity of delayed neutron detectors' count rate to small changes in applied bias, small angle rotation of the detector assembly about its axis, temperature of the preamplifier, temperature of the /sup 10/B-lined proportional counters, temperature of the polyethylene medium containing the detectors and the /sup 238/PuBe source used for detector testing, and small changes in applied preamplifier threshold voltage. Twelve miniature fission counters, four for the PIFAG and eight spares, have been procured to measure interrogation source neutrons close to the surface of a fuel rod as the rod passes through the PIFAG source region. These counters are sensitive to the materials in the fuel rod and provide a measure of the axial distribution of fuel in the rod. Fission counter testing was limited by low count rates. Sufficient data were obtained, however, to show that all detectors and electronics perform satisfactorily. 30 figs., 11 tabs.

Tessler, G.

1986-04-01

364

INTERLINE 5. 0 -- An expanded railroad routing model: Program description, methodology, and revised user's manual  

SciTech Connect

A rail routine model, INTERLINE, has been developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to investigate potential routes for transporting radioactive materials. In Version 5.0, the INTERLINE routing algorithms have been enhanced to include the ability to predict alternative routes, barge routes, and population statistics for any route. The INTERLINE railroad network is essentially a computerized rail atlas describing the US railroad system. All rail lines, with the exception of industrial spurs, are included in the network. Inland waterways and deep water routes along with their interchange points with the US railroadsystem are also included. The network contains over 15,000 rail and barge segments (links) and over 13,000 stations, interchange points, ports, and other locations (nodes). The INTERLINE model has been converted to operate on an IBM-compatible personal computer. At least a 286 computer with a hard disk containing approximately 6 MB of free space is recommended. Enhanced program performance will be obtained by using arandom-access memory drive on a 386 or 486 computer.

Johnson, P.E.; Joy, D.S. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Clarke, D.B.; Jacobi, J.M. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Transportation Center)

1993-03-01

365

PREDICTION OF MONETARY DONATION: A PATH ANALYSIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the United States, nonprofit organizations provide many of the services needed for higher education, health care, visual and performing arts, and other community activities In 1997, individual contributors accounted for more than 75 percent of the $146.46 billion donated to nonprofit organizations (Reis 1998). These individual gifts total more than $109 billion and are an important source of the

Kuan-Pin Chiang

366

Creating Persuasive Messages Advocating Organ Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most people state that they would be willing to be organ donors, however only a small percentage of the population has actually signed an organ donor card. These studies focused on persuasive messages that encourage people to sign organ donor cards. In the first study, people reported their attitudes and knowledge involving organ donation. Results indicated that donor card signing

Keith Weber; Matthew M. Martin; Michael Corrigan

2006-01-01

367

Gender Disparity in Living Renal Transplant Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous studies document that women constitute the majority of living kidney donors, but the reasons behind the disparity in donation rates between men and women remain obscure. We studied this issue by gathering data on family members of living donor allograft recipients at a single large center over a 5-year period (n = 144). By considering all potential donors (spouses

Deborah Zimmerman; Sandra Donnelly; Judith Miller; Donna Stewart; Shelley E. Albert

2000-01-01

368

Kidney Donation after Cardiac Death in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organ donation after cardiac death (DCD) has been suggested due to the shortage of allografts in Korea. We investigated the outcomes of 446 deceased donor kidney transplant recipients in our center between September 1, 1995, and December 31, 2009. Twenty-four (5.4%) of those patients received DCD kidney grafts. The DCD group had a long intensive care unit stay, frequent inotropics

J. M. Kim; S.-J. Kim; J.-W. Joh; C. H. D. Kwon; S. Song; M. Shin; B. N. Kim; S.-K. Lee

2011-01-01

369

National Organ and Tissue Donation Initiative  

MedlinePLUS

... die each day waiting for an organ 1 organ donor can save up to 8 lives > More statistics and figures http://organdonorgov.us/daily-quiz.html Chris: Made Possible By PSA Donation and Transplantation: How does it work? Alonzo Mourning: ...

370

[Basic ethical aspects of living organ donation].  

PubMed

A characteristic feature of transplanting organs from living donors is that not only patients in need for treatment but also healthy individuals are submitted to medical interventions. Ethical considerations in this field have to deal with the question of property attributes of the human body and conflicts with traditional medical principles. Altruistic organ donation, appreciated by Christianity as a sign of charity, is indeed contradictory to the classic maxim of medical ethics "primum nihil nocere, " meaning "first of all, do not harm." The autonomous choice of a potential donor has to be balanced thoroughly against his personal physical and psychological risks. Apart from organ donation with altruistic motives, commercial incentives or payment for organ donation, which are increasingly under discussion in many nations, need profound ethical reflection. Organ selling does not lead to long-term economic benefit for individual donors in developing countries and is associated with a decline in health. A market system of organ sales would foster exploitation of the poor, and it is substantially doubtful whether autonomy and self determination are valid under circumstances of poverty and coercion. Commodification of the human body risks viewing persons as marketable objects. The human body,however, is an integral element of an individual's personality and not a resource to be removed. It is therefore fundamental that the social good of altruism is preserved as the major principle in organ donation. PMID:12883802

Nagel, E; Mayer, J

2003-06-01

371

Death and Donation in Critical Care: Management of Deceased Organ Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The ever-widening gap between the demand for organ transplantation and the supply of cadaveric solid organs in the United\\u000a Kingdom is well-recognized (Saving lives, valuing donors. A transplant framework for England 2003 ); (Organs for Transplants.\\u000a A Report from the Organ Donation Taskforce 2008 ); (Fig. 13.1 ). Despite widespread public support for donation after death,\\u000a the number of cadaveric

Paul G. Murphy

372

Knowledge regarding organ donation: Identifying and overcoming barriers to organ donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four-hundred and fifty-five undergraduate students, 26 MBA students, and 465 people from the surrounding community responded to 21 true\\/false questions regarding factual knowledge about organ donation. The mean number of correct answers was 74.6%. The correct response rate, however, varied widely over questions. Four questions with very large error rates suggest possible 'barriers to donation'. Specifically, these questions concerned religious

Raymond L. Horton; Patricia J. Horton

1990-01-01

373

A 15Year Review of ABC, CBS, and NBC News Coverage of Organ Donation: Implications for Organ Donation Campaigns  

Microsoft Academic Search

This content analysis represents news coverage of organ donation from January 1990 to December 2005. Specifically, ABC, CBS, and NBC news broadcasts were examined to gain a greater understanding of organ donation coverage on TV. Overall this investigation revealed that organ donation received modest coverage (N = 1,507). Although the majority of coverage was positive, attention to the need for

Brian L. Quick; Do Kyun Kim; Kevin Meyer

2009-01-01

374

Public opinion regarding oocyte donation in Turkey: first data from a secular population among the Islamic world  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: We aimed to reveal the general attitudes of Turkish people toward various aspects of oocyte donation. METHODS:This descriptive study was carried out in two separate districts of a large Turkish city. Four hundred participants were chosen by cluster sampling methods. The questionnaires were performed by 4th year medical students face to face with the participants. RESULTS: The participants consisted

M. Isikoglu; Y. Senol; M. Berkkanoglu; K. Ozgur; L. Donmez; A. Stones-Abbasi

2005-01-01

375

The Sidebar Computer Program, a seismic-shaking intensity meter: users' manual and software description  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The SideBar computer program provides a visual display of seismic shaking intensity as recorded at one specific seismograph. This software allows a user to tap into the seismic data recorded on that specific seismograph and to display the overall level of shaking at the single location where that seismograph resides (usually the same place the user is). From this shaking level, SideBar also estimates the potential for damage nearby. SideBar cannot tell you the “Richter magnitude” of the earthquake (see box), only how hard the ground shook locally and this estimate of how much damage is likely in the neighborhood. This combination of local effects is called the “seismic intensity”. SideBar runs on a standard desktop or laptop PC, and is intended for the media, schools, emergency responders, and any other group hosting a seismograph and who want to know immediately after an earthquake the levels of shaking measured by that instrument. These local values can be used to inform the public and help initiate appropriate local emergency response activities in the minutes between the earthquake and availability of the broader coverage provided by the USGS over the Web, notably by ShakeMap. For example, for instruments installed in schools, the level of shaking and likely damage at the school could immediately be Web broadcast and parents could quickly determine the likely safety of their children—their biggest postearthquake concern. Also, in the event of a Web outage, SideBar may be a continuing primary source of local emergency response information for some additional minutes. Specifically, SideBar interprets the peak level of acceleration (that is, the force of shaking, as a percentage of the force of gravity) as well as the peak velocity, or highest speed, at which the ground moves. Using these two basic measurements, SideBar computes what is called Instrumental Intensity—a close approximation of the Modified Mercalli Intensity scale, or “MMI” (using the Wald et al., 1999a, relationships between acceleration, velocity, and shaking intensity). Intensity is a measure of local shaking strength and the potential for damage—of how bad the earthquake effects were locally. The intensity level is what SideBar displays most prominently on the PC monitor. Intensity is shown as a large, colored bar that gets taller and changes color up a rainbow from blues toward reds as the shaking level increases. As opposed to earthquake magnitudes, which are reported as decimal values (like “7.6”), intensity is traditionally given as a Roman numeral, with “I” to “X+” assigned to levels of potential damage and perceived shaking strength. For good measure, SideBar shows the actual values of the force of shaking (peak ground acceleration as a percentage of gravity) and the speed of ground motion (peak ground velocity in inches per second, by default, or in centimeters per second, if you wish), both these values as decimal numbers. SideBar also remembers the most recent earthquakes (for up to one week), and can store as many of these previous earthquakes as the user allows (and as the user’s PC has room for)—typically thousands. SideBar also remembers forever the three largest earthquakes it has seen and all earthquakes over intensity IV so that one never loses particularly important events.

Evans, John R.

2003-01-01

376

Environmental geology, Allegheny County and vicinity, Pennsylvania; description of a program and its results  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Past land-use practices, including mining, in Allegheny County, Pa., have resulted in three principal environmental problems, exclusive of air and water contamination. They are flooding, landsliding, and subsidence over underground mines. In 1973, information was most complete relative to flooding and least complete relative to landsliding. Accordingly, in July 1973, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and The Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) entered into an agreement by which the USGS undertook studies chiefly aimed at increasing knowledge of landsliding and mine subsidence relative to land use, but having other ramifications as well, as part of a larger ARC 'Land-use and physical-resource analysis' (LUPRA) program. The chief geographic focus was Allegheny County, but adjacent areas were included in some investigations. Resulting products, exclusive of this report, are: 1. Forty-three provisional maps of landslide, distribution and susceptibility and of land modified by man in Allegheny County, 1:24,000 scale, 7? -minute quadrangle format, released to open files. 2. Four USGS Miscellaneous Field Studies (MF) maps of Allegheny County showing (a) bedrock, MF685A; (b) susceptibility to landsliding, MF-685B ; (c) coal-mining features, MF-685C; and (d) zones that can be affected by flooding, landsliding and undermining, MF-685D; all at the scale of 1:50,000. 3. Two MF maps showing coal-mining activity and related information and sites of recorded mine-subsidence events, and one MF map classifying land surface by relative potentiality of mine subsidence, in Allegheny, Washington, and Westmoreland Counties, Pa., at a scale of 1:125,000--MF-693A through MF-693C. 4. A companion report to the Allegheny County map of susceptibility to landsliding--USGS Circular 728. 5. Five MF maps, largely in chart form, describing interaction of the shallow ground-water regime with mining-related problems, landsliding, heavy storm precipitation, and other features and processes, largely in Allegheny County--MF-641A through MF-641E. Map products are directly applicable to general classification of land for susceptibility to landsliding and mine subsidence and, to a lesser extent, flooding and engineering characteristics. The hydrogeologic charts enable greater understanding of environmental effects of ground water. All products are guides to expected conditions, but none are substitutes for detailed investigations of specific sites by competent technical personnel on the ground. Specific results and findings are: 1. Knowledge of .susceptibility to landsliding in Allegheny County now is adequate for application to countywide land-use planning. 2. About 110 mi2 (285. km2), or 15 percent, of the county has some significant degree of susceptibility to landsliding. 3. Although a general classification of land in Allegheny, Washington, and Westmoreland Counties relative to mine-subsidence incidents was prepared, data are wholly inadequate for even moderately precise prediction of subsidence events over previously mined-out areas; the accumulation of adequate data might not repay the effort in terms of damage prevention. 4. Commonwealth-of-Pennsylvania regulations, have been very successful in limiting mine-subsidence damage over areas mined after 1966. 5. Undermining and consequent subsidence may have affected the ground-water regime more widely than heretofore believed. Except for the earth-disturbance inventory that resulted in the maps of susceptibility to landsliding and man-modified land, methods used in the studies .largely were conventional. The inventory and ensuing analysis combined aerial photographic interpretation with field work and incorporation of existing data. The. method worked very well for the purposes of defining distribution of landslides and areas having different susceptibilities to landsliding. However, if susceptibility to landsliding alone had been the goal, this could

Briggs, Reginald Peter

1977-01-01

377

Minority Organ Donation: The Power of an Educated Community  

PubMed Central

Background In 1978 - Washington, DC, we became aware of the scarcity of minority donors especially African Americans. Study Design From then until now 4 decades later, we have been involved in a grass roots effort emphasizing community education and empowerment combined with the use of mass media which has successfully increased minority donation rates exponentially. This program was initiated with a $500 grant from Howard University and subsequently funded by the National Institutes of Health grants and other funding totaling more than $10 million between 1993 and 2008. Results Between 1990 and 2008 minority donations percentages have doubled (15%-30%). African American organ donors per million (O.D.M.) have quadrupled from 8 O.D.M. - 53 O.D.M between 1982 and 2008. Conclusions While the investment of $10 million may seem substantial, when we look at the cost benefit ratio associated with the cost savings of $135,000 per donor, it is small when compared to the more than $200 million saved by kidney donors alone associated with the expected increase in minority donors percentage to 35% by 2010 or the equivalent of 1750 minority donors.

Callender, Clive O; Miles, Patrice V

2010-01-01

378

Complications of liver donation for living related liver transplantation.  

PubMed

Living related liver transplantation (LRLT) has gained popularity, especially in Asian countries as the primary mode of liver transplantation. LRLT, however, carries the inherent problem of potential donor harm. In view of reports of donor deaths and significant donor morbidity (as high as 67%), we examined donor complication rates in our LRLT program. All sixteen LRLT donors between February 2000 and January 2003 were retrospectively analyzed. The 16 donors (13 men, 3 women) of mean age 30 years (range, 18-49 years) included 5 donations from siblings, 2 from parents, and 9 from offsprings. The portion of liver donated was L hepatectomy (n = 4) R hepatectomy (n = 7), and Modified Extended R hepatectomy (n = 5) with the weight of resected liver being 618.9 g (range, 380-1000). The mean blood loss was 936 mL (range, 400-1900 mL), but only 2 donors required transfusion of banked blood. The mean intensive care unitstay was 1.06 days (range, 1-2 days) and the mean hospital stay was 9.12 days (range, 7-14 days). There was no case of reoperation and no mortality. There was no biliary or vascular complication. Four of 16 (25%) donors had a minor morbidity; 2 of 16 (12.5%) had a morbidity requiring intervention. In conclusion, with meticulous preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative management, successful LRLT can be performed with minimal donor morbidities. PMID:15561198

Rao, A R N; Chui, A K K; Chan, H L Y; Hui, A Y; Island, E; Lau, W Y

2004-10-01

379

Development of the Croatian model of organ donation and transplantation  

PubMed Central

During the past ten years, the efforts to improve and organize the national transplantation system in Croatia have resulted in a steadily growing donor rate, which reached its highest level in 2011, with 33.6 utilized donors per million population (p.m.p.). Nowadays, Croatia is one of the leading countries in the world according to deceased donation and transplantation rates. Between 2008 and 2011, the waiting list for kidney transplantation decreased by 37.2% (from 430 to 270 persons waiting for a transplant) and the median waiting time decreased from 46 to 24 months. The Croatian model has been internationally recognized as successful and there are plans for its implementation in other countries. We analyzed the key factors that contributed to the development of this successful model for organ donation and transplantation. These are primarily the appointment of hospital and national transplant coordinators, implementation of a new financial model with donor hospital reimbursement, public awareness campaign, international cooperation, adoption of new legislation, and implementation of a donor quality assurance program. The selection of key factors is based on the authors' opinions; we are open for further discussion and propose systematic research into the issue.

Zivcic-Cosic, Stela; Busic, Mirela; Zupan, Zeljko; Pelcic, Gordana; Anusic Juricic, Martina; Jurcic, Zeljka; Ivanovski, Mladen; Racki, Sanjin

2013-01-01

380

Development of the Croatian model of organ donation and transplantation.  

PubMed

During the past ten years, the efforts to improve and organize the national transplantation system in Croatia have resulted in a steadily growing donor rate, which reached its highest level in 2011, with 33.6 utilized donors per million population (p.m.p.). Nowadays, Croatia is one of the leading countries in the world according to deceased donation and transplantation rates. Between 2008 and 2011, the waiting list for kidney transplantation decreased by 37.2% (from 430 to 270 persons waiting for a transplant) and the median waiting time decreased from 46 to 24 months. The Croatian model has been internationally recognized as successful and there are plans for its implementation in other countries. We analyzed the key factors that contributed to the development of this successful model for organ donation and transplantation. These are primarily the appointment of hospital and national transplant coordinators, implementation of a new financial model with donor hospital reimbursement, public awareness campaign, international cooperation, adoption of new legislation, and implementation of a donor quality assurance program. The selection of key factors is based on the authors' opinions; we are open for further discussion and propose systematic research into the issue. PMID:23444248

Živ?i?-?osi?, Stela; Buši?, Mirela; Župan, Željko; Pel?i?, Gordana; Anuši? Juri?i?, Martina; Jur?i?, Željka; Ivanovski, Mladen; Ra?ki, Sanjin

2013-02-01

381

Donation after cardiac death in Queensland: review of the pilot project.  

PubMed

Organ transplantation is a viable therapeutic option for patients with endstage organ failure when other therapies have been exhausted. Donation after cardiac death (DCD) is re-emerging as a potential option to expand the donor pool to meet an increasing demand for organ transplantation. In this review, we evaluate the evolution of the Queensland DCD pilot project since its inception in August 2008. A retrospective analysis of registry data from Australia and New Zealand Organ Donation (ANZOD) and DonateLife Queensland was performed to collect information relating to donor characteristics, DCD process and outcomes. Data was compared with the ANZOD registry annual reports from 2008 to 2010. Twenty-three (82%) out of 28 potential DCD organ donors were successful in donating their organs. The median time from presentation to reaching consensus to withdraw cardiorespiratory support was four days (interquartile range three to eight days). The median time from withdrawal to death was 20 minutes (interquartile range 18 to 25 minutes), and the median warm ischaemia time was 17 minutes (interquartile range 14 to 19 minutes). DCD donors represented 16% (23) of the 144 deceased donors over the study period and provided approximately 10% (48) of the 505 deceased organs in Queensland. The DCD pilot project resulted in an increase in solid organ transplantation in Queensland. It allowed the development of policies to facilitate DCD, in accordance with state's legislation and DonateLife practices. If implemented state-wide, the program has the potential to be an effective way to improve organ donation rates in Queensland. PMID:22577919

Kumar, R; Shekar, K; Widdicombe, N; Fraser, J F

2012-05-01

382

The trend of body donation for education based on Korean social and religious culture.  

PubMed

Until a century ago, Korean medicine was based mainly on Oriental philosophies and ideas. From a religious perspective, Chinese Confucianism was prevalent in Korea at that time. Since Confucianists believe that it is against one's filial duty to harm his or her body, given to them by their parents, most Koreans did not donate their bodies or organs for education in the past. However, by the end of the 20th century, a unique fusion of Western and Oriental medicines were produced on the Korean Peninsula, revolutionizing traditional perspectives on the human body, mortality, and the relationship of medical science to society. Koreans began to think about others' lives as well as their own by realizing the importance of donating one's organs and bodies for scientific purposes. Since then, the number of people donating their bodies to Korean medical and dental schools for the purpose of improving academic learning has increased dramatically. In response, Korean medical schools have begun to hold various types of funeral ceremonies to honor body donors. We have compared such ceremonies performed in Korea with those performed in the United States of America and Taiwan. These ceremonies are viewed as a suitable way to pay proper respect to the dead and to promote knowledge about body donation programs in Korea. Overall, the transition of religions and social ethics in Korea has greatly facilitated body bequeathal programs, benefiting both medical education and the Korean public health administration. PMID:21265035

Park, Jong-Tae; Jang, Yoonsun; Park, Min Sun; Pae, Calvin; Park, Jinyi; Hu, Kyung-Seok; Park, Jin-Seo; Han, Seung-Ho; Koh, Ki-Seok; Kim, Hee-Jin

2011-01-01

383

 Liver transplantation in the critically ill: donation after cardiac death compared to donation after brain death grafts.  

PubMed

 Patients with end stage liver disease may become critically ill prior to LT requiring admission to the intensive care unit (ICU). The high acuity patients may be thought too ill to transplant; however, often LT is the only therapeutic option. Choosing the correct liver allograft for these patients is often difficult and it is imperative that the allograft work immediately. Donation after cardiac death (DCD) donors provide an important source of livers, however, DCD graft allocation remains a controversial topic, in critically ill patients. Between January 2003-December 2008, 1215 LTs were performed: 85 patients at the time of LT were in the ICU. Twelve patients received DCD grafts and 73 received donation after brain dead (DBD) grafts. After retransplant cases and multiorgan transplants were excluded, 8 recipients of DCD grafts and 42 recipients of DBD grafts were included in this study. Post-transplant outcomes of DCD and DBD liver grafts were compared. While there were differences in graft and survival between DCD and DBD groups at 4 month and 1 year time points, the differences did not reach statistical significance. The graft and patient survival rates were similar among the groups at 3-year time point. There is need for other large liver transplant programs to report their outcomes using liver grafts from DCD and DBD donors. We believe that the experience of the surgical, medical and critical care team is important for successfully using DCD grafts for critically ill patients. PMID:22947529

Taner, C Burcin; Bulatao, Ilynn G; Arasi, Lisa C; Perry, Dana K; Willingham, Darrin L; Sibulesky, Lena; Rosser, Barry G; Canabal, Juan M; Nguyen, Justin H; Kramer, David J

2012-01-01

384

[The contribution of persuasion social psychology to the retention of donors: the impact of labelling the previous donation].  

PubMed

The supply of blood cell products requires from the National French Blood Institute (Établissement Français du Sang - EFS) to rely upon regular blood donors. Contact with donors, tailored to individuals as much as possible, helps them to donate on a regular basis. Within the context of a research program conducted with the Psychology Department of the Université de Caen Basse-Normandie, persuasive theoretical models from social psychology have been tested. These models allow adapting messages according to the motivation of donors. The content is centred on the previous donation, differently labelled according to two types of labelling: functional labelling and social labelling. Functional labelling points out the efficiency of what "has been done" (the previous blood donation), whereas social labelling emphasizes the social value of the individual. Different types of mailing invitations have been sent to 1917 donors from the Normandy database, invited to three different blood collections. Every experimental letter worked better than the standard EFS letter (which was used as the "control" letter) in terms of effective blood donation after reception of the letter. Some of the letters are more efficient in motivating donors than other ones. The letters labelling the previous blood donation as functional (efficiency of the donation) appeared more efficient than those with social label (social value) in whichever motivation induced. PMID:22019610

Callé, N; Plainfossé, C; Georget, P; Sénémeaud, C; Rasonglès, P

2011-12-01

385

Temporal distance and blood donation intention.  

PubMed

This study tested Construal Level Theory and examined social desirability and cultural differences as factors affecting blood donation intention across different time frames. Findings showed that individuals indicated stronger intentions for the distant future (one-year and no-time indication frames) than for the near future (one-week and three-month frames). The relationship between social desirability rating of blood donation and intention was positive and significant for the no-time indication frame, but it was not significant for the one-week time frame and the three-month time frame. Koreans and Americans did not differ in the relationship between social desirability and intentions across different time frames. PMID:21914769

Choi, Soe Yoon; Park, Hee Sun; Oh, Ju Yeon

2012-05-01

386

Physical Anthropology (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... research in areas related to human evolution and contemporary human biological variation. Research ... to, human genetic variation, human adaptation, human osteology and bone biology, human and nonhuman ...

387

Ecological Biology (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... in the following areas. Ecology: Supports studies of community ecology and population interactions ... 7) co-evolution, and (8) chemical ecology. Ecology particularly encourages studies that reveal ...

388

Physical Meteorology (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... of the atmosphere, with a special emphasis on cloud physics; atmospheric electricity; radiation ... the allocation of observational and computing facilities. For further information visit the ATM ...

389

Doppler ion program description  

SciTech Connect

The Doppler spectrometer is a conventional Czerny-Turner grating spectrometer with a 1024 channel multiple detector. Light is dispersed across the detector, and its output yields a spectrum covering approximately 200 A. The width of the spectral peak is directly proportional to the temperature of the emitting ions, and determination of the impurity ion temperature allows one to infer the plasma ion temperature. The Doppler ion software system developed at General Atomic uses a TRACOR Northern 1710-31 and an LSI-11/2. The exact configuration of Doublet III is different from TRACOR Northern systems at other facilities.

Henline, P.

1980-12-01

390

Biomolecular Systems (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... of biological molecules. The context for such studies can range from investigations of individual ... to the study of biological molecules and their functional complexes; mechanistic studies of the ...

391

Atmospheric Chemistry (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... model the concentration and distribution of gases and aerosols in the lower and middle atmosphere ... trace gases and aerosols; the aqueous-phase atmospheric chemistry; the transport of gases and ...

392

Thermal Systems (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Thermal Systems Supports fundamental research in two major areas: (1) Thermal Transport and Thermal ... Processing and (2) Combustion and Thermal Plasmas. Projects should seek a basic understanding at the ...

393

Climate Dynamics (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... climate variability and change; methods to predict climate variations and assess their impact on ... modern climate data; development and use of climate models to diagnose and simulate climate and its ...

394

A Comparison of the Predictive Validities of Selected Academic Tests of the American College Test (ACT) Assessment Program and the Descriptive Tests of Language Skills for College Freshmen in a Basic Skills Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comparative evaluation was made of the ability of four Academic Tests of the American College Test (ACT) Assessment Program and Descriptive Tests of Language Skills (DTLS) to predict course grades and freshman grade-point average for students enrolled in a basic skills program at a large university. (Author/GK)

Snowman, Jack; And Others

1980-01-01

395

Donors' attitudes towards body donation for dissection  

Microsoft Academic Search

SummaryWe report a survey in the UK of potential whole-body donors for dissection. 218 people (age range 19-97 years) answered a postal questionnaire, giving information about themselves, their reasons for donation, attitudes towards the dead body, funeral preferences and medical giving and receiving. In addition to altruism, motives included the wish to avoid funeral ceremonies, to avoid waste, and in

R Richardson; B Hurwitz

1995-01-01

396

Consenting to cornea donation: influencing factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The purpose of the study was to determine factors influencing the decision of the next relative being asked for consent to cornea donation in a prospective, non-comparative case series. Methods. Interviews with the relatives of 264 potential cornea donors to the eye bank of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, were documented following a standardized protocol. The influence of sociological factors on

Tina R Krieglstein; Ulrich C Welge-Lüßen; Siegfried Priglinger; Anselm Kampik; Fritz Priemer; Aljoscha S Neubauer

2002-01-01

397

Gender imbalance in living organ donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Living organ donation has developed into an important therapeutic option in transplantation medicine. However, there are some\\u000a medico-ethical problems that come along with the increasing reliance on this organ source. One of these concerns is based\\u000a on the observation that many more women than men function as living organ donors. Whereas discrimination and differential\\u000a access have been extensively discussed in

Nikola Biller-Andorno

2002-01-01

398

Sonic Hedgehog Genetic Abnormalities and Tissue Donations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this case study about a baby born with the genetic condition holoprosencephaly, students explore the “Sonic hedgehog” gene, signal transduction, and the ethics of body and tissue donation. The assignment involves students writing an informed consent document that explains the science behind this congenital abnormality. Designed for an upper-level undergraduate biology course, the case could also be used in a cell biology, developmental biology, neurobiology, or other related upper-level course.

Yaich, Lauren E.

2001-01-01

399

Non–Heart-Beating Donation: Ethical Aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Non–heart-beating donation (NHBD) is under considerable ethical debate including concerns that the donor is not really dead when organs are procured and that withdrawing therapy may be expedited to harvest needed organs. We suggest a two-step process to NHBD based largely on the ethical principle of beneficence. First, once a decision has been made that there is no reasonable hope

J. L. Vincent; S. Brimioulle

2009-01-01

400

HIGHWAY 3.1: An enhanced HIGHWAY routing model: Program description, methodology, and revised user`s manual  

SciTech Connect

The HIGHWAY program provides a flexible tool for predicting highway routes for transporting radioactive materials in the United States. The HIGHWAY data base is essentially a computerized road atlas that currently describes over 240,000 miles of highways. Complete descriptions of all Interstate System and most US highways (except those that parallel a nearby Interstate highway) are included in the data base. Many of the principal state highways and a number of local and county highways are also identified. The data base also includes locations of nuclear facilities and major airports. Several different types of routes may be calculated, depending on a set of user-supplied constraints. Routes are calculated by minimizing the total impedance between the origin and the destination. Basically, the impedance is defined as a function of distance and driving time along a particular highway segment. Several routing constraints can be imposed during the calculations. One of the special features of the HIGHWAY model is its ability to calculate routes that maximize use of Interstate System highways. This feature allows the user to predict routes for shipments of radioactive materials that conform to the US Department of Transportation routing regulations. Other features of the model include the ability to predict routes that bypass a specific state, city, town, or highway segment. Two special features have been incorporated in HIGHWAY, version 3.1. The first is the ability to automatically calculate alternative routes. Frequently, there are a number of routes between the source and destination that vary slightly in distance and estimated driving time. The HIGHWAY program offers a selection of different but nearly equal routes. The second special feature is the capability to calculate route-specific population density statistics. The population density distribution is calculated for each highway segment in the route and is reported on a state-by-state basis.

Johnson, P.E.; Joy, D.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Clarke, D.B.; Jacobi, J.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Transportation Center

1993-03-01

401

Can donated media placements reach intended audiences?  

PubMed

Donated media placements for public service announcements (PSAs) can be difficult to secure, and may not always reach intended audiences. Strategies used by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Screen for Life: National Colorectal Cancer Action Campaign (SFL) to obtain donated media placements include producing a diverse mix of high-quality PSAs, co-branding with state and tribal health agencies, securing celebrity involvement, monitoring media trends to identify new distribution opportunities, and strategically timing the release of PSAs. To investigate open-ended recall of PSAs promoting colorectal cancer screening, CDC conducted 12 focus groups in three U.S. cities with men and women either nearing age 50 years, when screening is recommended to begin, or aged 50-75 years who were not in compliance with screening guidelines. In most focus groups, multiple participants recalled exposure to PSAs promoting colorectal cancer screening, and most of these individuals reported having seen SFL PSAs on television, in transit stations, or on the sides of public buses. Some participants reported exposure to SFL PSAs without prompting from the moderator, as they explained how they learned about the disease. Several participants reported learning key campaign messages from PSAs, including that colorectal cancer screening should begin at age 50 years and screening can find polyps so they can be removed before becoming cancerous. Donated media placements can reach and educate mass audiences, including millions of U.S. adults who have not been screened appropriately for colorectal cancer. PMID:23720533

Cooper, Crystale Purvis; Gelb, Cynthia A; Chu, Jennifer; Polonec, Lindsey

2013-09-01

402

Attitudes, Beliefs and Behaviors Surrounding Organ Donation among Hispanic Women  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review Hispanic individuals are disproportionately in need of donor organs and are less likely to consent to donation than their non-Hispanic counterparts. This review addresses psychological constructs including attitudes and beliefs surrounding organ donation within Hispanic communities and highlights the importance of women in the domain of organ donation. Recent findings Attitudes toward living and posthumous donation are favorable. Mistrust of the medical profession, concerns about religious acceptance of donation, perceptions of inequity in the distribution of donated organs, and the context in which donation requests typically are made serve as barriers to consent. Women are more likely to consent to donation than men. Summary Hispanic American groups are heterogeneous. Culturally-sensitive approaches to communicating a donation request must consider ethnic origin and language preference. Family discussion of donation should be encouraged by the medical community as part of health care decision making (independent of death or crisis); women may serve as an excellent bridge between healthcare providers and families in this regard.

Breitkopf, Carmen Radecki

2009-01-01

403

The LOGO-S Language and the Portable LOGO System. Volume I: Language and System Descriptions. Volume II: Program Listings. Report No. 3968.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This two volume report presents descriptions of LOGO-S, an interactive programming language expressly designed for education, and the portable LOGO system, a computer software development. The modular structure of LOGO, along with its simple but powerful extension features, is naturally suited to problem solving in many problem domains with…

Feurzeig, Wallace; And Others

404

Public Health Works: Blood Donation in Urban China  

PubMed Central

Recent shifts in the global health infrastructure warrant consideration of the value and effectiveness of national public health campaigns. These shifts include the globalization of pharmaceutical research, the rise of NGO-funded health interventions, and the rise of biosecurity models of international health. We argue that although these trends have arisen as worthwhile responses to actual health needs, it is important to remember the key role that public health campaigns can play in the promotion of national health, especially in developing nations. Focusing on an example set by China in response to a public health crisis surrounding the national need for a clean and adequate blood supply and the inadvertent spread of HIV by way of blood donation in the early 19902, we argue that there is an important role for strong national public health programs. We also identify the key factors that enabled China’s response to this bourgeoning epidemic to be, in the end, largely successful.

Adams, Vincanne; Erwin, Kathleen; Le, Phuoc V

2009-01-01

405

The human milk donation experience: motives, influencing factors, and regular donation.  

PubMed

The aim of this investigation was to identify factors that influenced or motivated women (N = 737) to donate human milk to human milk banks in Alagoas, Brazil. The most common characteristics of a regular donor were having 4 to 7 pregnancies (relative risk [RR] = 1.9285; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.0388-3.5800) and having obtained a higher education level (RR = 2,0625; 95% CI = 1.0097-4.2130). The most commonly reported reasons for donating were "encouragement of a health professional" (61.3%), followed by "the needs of the babies the banks serve" (25.3%). Most of the donors (49.9%) were introduced during their stay in the hospital to the human milk bank to which they donated, and 25.8% chose the bank recommended by a health professional. Health professionals play an indispensable role in motivating mothers to become human milk donors. PMID:18281358

Pimenteira Thomaz, Ana Claire; Maia Loureiro, Luiz Victor; da Silva Oliveira, Tathiane; Furtado Montenegro, Norma Caroline de Mendonça; Dantas Almeida Júnior, Eglailson; Fernando Rodrigues Soriano, Cláudio; Calado Cavalcante, Jairo

2008-02-01

406

Impact of presumed consent for organ donation on donation rates: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine the impact of a system of presumed consent for organ donation on donation rates and to review data on attitudes towards presumed consent. Design Systematic review. Data sources Studies retrieved by online searches to January 2008 of Medline, Medline In-Process, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, HMIC, PAIS International, and OpenSIGLE. Studies reviewed Five studies comparing donation rates before and after the introduction of legislation for presumed consent (before and after studies); eight studies comparing donation rates in countries with and without presumed consent systems (between country comparisons); 13 surveys of public and professional attitudes to presumed consent. Results The five before and after studies represented three countries: all reported an increase in donation rates after the introduction of presumed consent, but there was little investigation of any other changes taking place concurrently with the change in legislation. In the four best quality between country comparisons, presumed consent law or practice was associated with increased organ donation—increases of 25-30%, 21-26%, 2.7 more donors per million population, and 6.14 more donors per million population in the four studies. Other factors found to be important in at least one study were mortality from road traffic accidents and cerebrovascular causes, transplant capacity, gross domestic product per capita, health expenditure per capita, religion (Catholicism), education, public access to information, and a common law legal system. Eight surveys of attitudes to presumed consent were of the UK public. These surveys varied in the level of support for presumed consent, with surveys conducted before 2000 reporting the lowest levels of support (28-57%). The most recent survey, in 2007, reported that 64% of respondents supported a change to presumed consent. Conclusion Presumed consent alone is unlikely to explain the variation in organ donation rates between countries. Legislation, availability of donors, organisation and infrastructure of the transplantation service, wealth and investment in health care, and public attitudes to and awareness of organ donation may all play a part, but their relative importance is unclear. Recent UK surveys show support for presumed consent, though with variation in results that may reflect differences in survey methods.

2009-01-01

407

Eye donation in Sydney metropolitan palliative care units.  

PubMed

Organ donation is generally accepted within the medical profession as a beneficial practice with demand continuing to exceed supply. For patients who are dying from cancer opportunities for organ donation are generally limited to eye donation. Between July 1, 2006 and 30 June 2007 over 2000 deaths occurred in nine palliative care units (PCUs) in metropolitan Sydney. Of these deaths only 50 patients became eye donors. Donors came from only four of the nine inpatient PCUs. Of these four, two provided nearly 90% of the eye donations. Only two PCUs in the Sydney metropolitan area provide significant numbers of eye donations. There are likely to be a number of factors contributing to the low rate of eye donation from PCUs and these are discussed in detail. PMID:19821700

Roach, Rebecca; Broadbent, Andrew M

2010-02-01

408

Relatively speaking: halachic and legal issues of gamete donation.  

PubMed

The dramatic increase of gamete donations, as a result of technological advances in assisted reproduction, has raised considerable legal and halachic issues. This article raises reader awareness about problems involved in gamete donation within Jewish law (halacha), particularly in Israel. Two core problems with gamete donation are: deciding the mother of the child (donor or birthing mother) and genetic lineage. The former is important in establishing the child's religious status and the latter for matters of consanguinity and incest. Anonymous gamete donation increases the probability of incest. Persons unaware of their biological heritage could unintentionally cohabit with a close family member and progeny of this union would be considered mamzerim. These problems may be prevented by legislation, registration, and greater openness by the donor and the intended parents of the donor conceived child. This article focuses on the halachic perspective of gamete donation. Since consanguinity is prohibited by most cultures, the implications of gamete donation are universally relevant. PMID:21877469

Feuer, Julia

2011-06-01

409

An adaptive maneuvering logic computer program for the simulation of one-on-one air-to-air combat. Volume 1: General description  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A technique for computer simulation of air combat is described. Volume 1 decribes the computer program and its development in general terms. Two versions of the program exist. Both incorporate a logic for selecting and executing air combat maneuvers with performance models of specific fighter aircraft. In the batch processing version the flight paths of two aircraft engaged in interactive aerial combat and controlled by the same logic are computed. The realtime version permits human pilots to fly air-to-air combat against the adaptive maneuvering logic (AML) in Langley Differential Maneuvering Simulator (DMS). Volume 2 consists of a detailed description of the computer programs.

Burgin, G. H.; Fogel, L. J.; Phelps, J. P.

1975-01-01

410

Donation after cardiac death in non-survivable burns.  

PubMed

Major burns have previously been considered a contraindication to solid organ donation. We present two cases of successful organ donation and transplantation, after Maastricht category III cardiac death in adult patients with non-survivable burns injury. The implications of the outcome of these cases are that major burns should not be considered a contraindication to organ donation, and that cardiac death provides opportunity for patients with non-survivable burns to contribute to the pool of potential organ donors. PMID:23659402

Widdicombe, N J; Van Der Poll, A; Gould, A; Isbel, N

2013-05-01

411

Taxes and Transplants: Public Policies and Live Organ Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a simple model for live organ donation based on altruistic motives. Using state-level data on live kidney donations in the U.S., we estimate donor income (0.81) and donor cost (-0.47) elasticities of live kidney donations. We then use the model to simulate the effects of state income tax credits on the number of organ donors. Our results indicate

Miguel Gouveia; Pamela B. Peele

412

Blood Donation: An Exploratory Study of Antecedents and Outcomes of Self-reported Behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research explores the antecedents and consequences of self-reported blood donation behaviour for females. A model is provided whereby firstly, the antecedents of blood donation behaviour are hypothesised to be involvement in the blood donation social issue and attitude towards the act of blood donation as a social issue. Secondly, it is hypothesised that the outcomes of blood donation behaviour

Deborah Griffin

413

Attitudes and beliefs about organ donation among different racial groups.  

PubMed Central

Many people on the waiting list for organ donation die each year without receiving organs. The shortage of organs is even more pronounced in minority communities. Despite the fact that minorities are at higher risk, they may be less likely to support or consent to organ donation. This investigation was undertaken to study racial factors in organ donation, by focusing on differences in awareness, attitudes, and behavior. Three family practice centers in the Bronx with racially diverse but socioeconomically homogenous communities were studied. The study population consisted of a convenience sample of 163 patients who were approached for participation while they waited to see a doctor. Respondents filled out a 25-item survey that measured demographic information; their exposure to, awareness of, and attitudes toward organ donation; and whether they had signed an organ donor card. The results demonstrated overwhelming support for organ donation across all racial groups. Racial differences were found on awareness of and attitudes toward organ donation, and in the signing of organ donation cards. In contrast to other studies, racial minorities were not less likely than whites to support organ donation. These results suggest that making it easier for racial minorities to obtain organ donor cards could increase their rates of consenting to donate organs.

Yuen, C. C.; Burton, W.; Chiraseveenuprapund, P.; Elmore, E.; Wong, S.; Ozuah, P.; Mulvihill, M.

1998-01-01

414

Brain donation for research: strong support in Australia.  

PubMed

Permission by families for transplant donation has decreased in Australia. We do know that Australians are interested in donating organs. What has not been explored is how people feel about donating brain tissue for medical research. This study examines the verbal responses of the next of kin, on the day of autopsy of the deceased, to the question of brain donation for medical research. On the day of autopsy a telephone call was made to the next of kin. Families were asked to consider donating the brain tissue of the deceased to medical research. All responses were recorded. Fifty-eight per cent of families contacted by telephone gave permission for the brain donation. The main reasons given for donating the brain to research were wanting to help others, and the family knowing the deceased's wishes. This is an excellent response from families and more encouraging than the literature would predict. Further education and awareness about brain donation is needed and may be achieved effectively by combining donation options with the Australian Organ Donor Register. PMID:16678717

Azizi, L; Garrick, T M; Harper, C G

2006-05-01

415

Donating in good faith or getting into trouble Religion and organ donation revisited.  

PubMed

There is worldwide shortage of organs for solid-organ transplantation. Many obstacles to deceased and live donation have been described and addressed, such as lack of understanding of the medical process, the issue of the definition of brain death, public awareness of the need for transplants, and many others. However, it is clear that the striking differences in deceased and live donation rates between different countries are only partly explained by these factors and many cultural and social reasons have been invoked to explain these observations. We believe that one obstacle to both deceased and live donation that is less well appreciated is that of religious concerns. Looking at the major faiths and religions worldwide, it is reassuring to see that most of them encourage donation. However, there is also scepticism amongst some of them, often relating to the concept of brain death and/or the processes surrounding death itself. It is worthwhile for transplant teams to be broadly aware of the issues and also to be mindful of resources for counselling. We believe that increased awareness of these issues within the transplant community will enable us to discuss these openly with patients, if they so wish. PMID:24175198

Oliver, Mike; Ahmed, Aimun; Woywodt, Alexander

2012-10-24

416

Incentives for organ donation: some ethical issues.  

PubMed

Objections to commerce in organs has not stopped the spread of such practice around the world. In most countries the gap between supply and demand for organs continues to increase. Kidneys from living donors are considered a valuable addition to the donor pool, and in a more acquisitive world, donor incentives are becoming thinkable, even acceptable. Current incentives for cadaver and living organ donation are reviewed from ethical and legal perspectives. A new principle of reimbursement for the living donor's risk and pain is defined and presented for debate. PMID:15478883

Sells, Robert

2004-01-01

417

Organ donation: a significant marketing challenge.  

PubMed

Unlike most health care markets, the organ donation market is one where patients are the marketers, prospective donors are the customers, and no payment is allowed in the exchange process. The assumption that altruistic behavior by donors would satisfy the need for organs has proven woefully untrue. As a result, those needing organs have resorted to relying on unwilling or impoverished donors, to having to promote themselves on websites which have achieved success for only small numbers of patients, or to waiting for organs which they may never receive. This remains a still unsolved marketing challenge. PMID:19042535

Clarke, Roberta N

2007-01-01

418

42 CFR 433.67 - Limitations on level of FFP for permissible provider-related donations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...amount of provider-related donations for outstationed eligibility...limit for provider-related donations for outstationed eligibility...effect through September 30, 1995, for health care-related...FFP, any provider-related donations received in that quarter...

2009-10-01

419

42 CFR 433.67 - Limitations on level of FFP for permissible provider-related donations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...amount of provider-related donations for outstationed eligibility...limit for provider-related donations for outstationed eligibility...effect through September 30, 1995, for health care-related...FFP, any provider-related donations received in that quarter...

2010-10-01

420

42 CFR 433.67 - Limitations on level of FFP for permissible provider-related donations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...amount of provider-related donations for outstationed eligibility...limit for provider-related donations for outstationed eligibility...effect through September 30, 1995, for health care-related...FFP, any provider-related donations received in that quarter...

2013-10-01

421

41 CFR 102-42.120 - When may gifts or decorations be donated to State agencies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PROPERTY 42-UTILIZATION, DONATION, AND DISPOSAL OF FOREIGN GIFTS AND DECORATIONS Donation of Foreign Gifts and Decorations...decorations available for donation to State agencies under...65 FR 45539, July 24, 2000, as amended at 71 FR...

2013-07-01

422

41 CFR 102-37.520 - What is the authority for public airport donations?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false What is the authority for public airport donations? 102-37.520 Section...PERSONAL PROPERTY Donations to Public Airports § 102-37.520 What is the authority for public airport donations? The authority for...

2013-07-01

423

41 CFR 102-37.90 - What are GSA's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...GSA's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property? ...regulatory guidance for the donation of such property, GSA: ...Cross property (generally blood plasma and related medical...returned to the United States for donation purposes; (g)...

2010-07-01

424

41 CFR 102-37.90 - What are GSA's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...GSA's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property? ...regulatory guidance for the donation of such property, GSA: ...Cross property (generally blood plasma and related medical...returned to the United States for donation purposes; (g)...

2009-07-01

425

41 CFR 109-44.701 - Findings justifying donation to public bodies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...justifying donation to public bodies. 109-44.701 Section...Property Management Regulations System (Continued) DEPARTMENT...7-Donations of Property to Public Bodies § 109-44.701 Findings justifying donation to public bodies. The Director, Office...

2013-07-01

426

48 CFR 52.226-6 - Promoting excess food donation to nonprofit organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Promoting excess food donation to nonprofit organizations...Clauses 52.226-6 Promoting excess food donation to nonprofit organizations...the following clause: PROMOTING EXCESS FOOD DONATION TO NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS...

2013-10-01

427

The efficient organization of blood donation.  

PubMed

This paper models the costs of collecting whole blood in the north of Scotland in order to investigate strategies whereby the annual collection target can be met at lower cost. Data on the costs of the individual sessions held in 1993-1995 are analyzed using multilevel analysis. A new technique, namely the conditioned iterative generalized least squares (CIGLS) estimator is applied. Then the feasibility of collecting increased volumes from particular panels and areas is assessed by examining which factors determine the number of blood donors at a session. Results show that fixed cost and marginal cost vary across panels but marginal cost does not vary by volume. This implies that the cost-minimizing policy is to equalize marginal costs and collect higher volume at fewer panels (those with lower fixed costs). The level of donations can be increased by increasing the number of opportunities to donate and/or increasing the average length of a session. The latter policy is shown to be more cost-effective. Multilevel analysis proves not only to be appropriate but also particularly useful. PMID:9753379

van der Pol, M M; Cairns, J A

1998-08-01

428

The joint action MODE (Mutual Organ Donation and Transplantation Exchanges): a sound contribution to implementation of health policies in organ donation and transplantation  

PubMed Central

Background The main objective of the joint action MODE is the transfer of best-practices in the field of organ donation and transplantation and the creation of positive synergies among participating European (EU) Member States (MS) apt to support authorities in possible decision-making and policy contexts. Methods The consortium has chosen to foster the exchange of best-practice through a series of exchange visits followed by the provision of a set of specialized trainings. Each participating MS has presented its strengths and weaknesses through a questionnaire based on the Organ Action Plan. Once the situation was clearer, countries with the strongest program organized and hosted the on-site visits and each country had the opportunity to perform five exchange visits on five selected topics. Specific courses for healthcare staff of organ coordinating and transplantation centres were organized. Based on evaluation of the results of the on-site visits and training needs indicated by the partners, the chosen topics were: • reporting on adverse events and reactions • quality assurance programme of the donation process in Spain • quality assurance of the transplantation process Results and conclusions The outcome is that within the EU, even among MS with well-developed services, the organ donation and transplantation activity has substantial differences so that all participating countries would benefit from investigating foreign donation and transplant systems. Collaboration at EU level can be beneficial for all systems and the joint action MODE indicated that in some countries the sharing of expertise across the EU Member States has already proved to be useful in starting a virtuous circle in organization and training that would allow to increase organ donor rates and improve overall performance.

2013-01-01

429

Oversight on Alternatives to Commodity Donation in the National School Lunch Program. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This congressional hearing on the school lunch program dealt with the question of what would happen in those school districts that wanted to exercise an option to either take cash in lieu of commodities from the Department of Agriculture, or commodity letters of credit. Prepared statements are presented from Gene Miller, school food service…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC.

430

Organ Donation, Authoritarianism, and Perspective-Taking Humor  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an attempt to explain the continuing shortage of organ donors, we began by exploring the linkage between the signing of organ donation forms and behaviors which involves death, e.g., visiting friends with terminal illnesses, attending funerals of acquaintances, etc. In general, we found some evidence that persons who would resist signing forms allowing for organ donation also seem averse

Herbert M. Lefcourt; Robert S. Shepherd

1995-01-01

431

Mothers' Attitudes Towards Donated Breastmilk in Jos, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many developing countries, the use of pooled human milk is not widely accepted. Six hundred eighty breastfeeding mothers were interviewed to ascertain their acceptance of donated breastmilk. Their attitudes toward stored breastmilk, human milk banking, and breastfeeding in the event of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positivity were solicited. About 71 percent would not accept donated breastmilk for their baby

I. S. Ighogboja; R. S. Olarewaju; C. U. Odumodu; H. O. Okuonghae

1995-01-01

432

Ethical issues in living organ donation: Donor autonomy and beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite nearly 50 years of experience with living kidney donation, ethical questions about this practice continue to haunt us today. In this editorial I will address two of them: (1) Given the possibility of limited understanding and coercion, how can we be sure that a person who offers to donate an organ is acting autonomously? and (2) Do people have

Aaron Spital

2001-01-01

433

Knowledge and ethical perception regarding organ donation among medical students  

PubMed Central

Background To determine the knowledge and ethical perception regarding organ donation amongst medical students in Karachi- Pakistan. Methods Data of this cross sectional study was collected by self administered questionnaire from MBBS students of Ziauddin University from 2010 to 2011. Sample size of 158 (83 First years and 75 Fourth years) were selected by convenient sampling and those students who were present and gave consent were included in the study. The data was analyzed by SPSS version 20. Results A total of 158 participants from Ziauddin Medical University filled out the questionnaire out of which 83(52.5%) were first years and 75(47.5%) were fourth year medical students. Mean age of sample was 20 ± 1.7. Majority of students were aware about organ donation with print and electronic media as the main source of information. 81.6% agreed that it was ethically correct to donate an organ. In the students’ opinion, most commonly donated organs and tissues were kidney, cornea, blood and platelet. Ideal candidates for donating organ were parents (81%). Regarding list of options for preference to receive an organ, most of the students agreed on young age group patients and persons with family. Willingness to donate was significantly associated with knowledge of allowance of organ donation in religion (P=0.000). Conclusion Both 1st year and 4th year students are aware of Organ Donation, but there is a significant lack of knowledge regarding the topic.

2013-01-01

434

Time to move to presumed consent for organ donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the UK’s modest 60% consent rate for donation of organs from brain stem dead donors, Sheila Bird and John Harris argue that allowing donation unless the donor has explicitly opted out would substantially increase the number of organs available

Sheila M Bird; John Harris

2010-01-01

435

7 CFR 250.30 - State processing of donated foods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...skim milk contains the amount of milk solids as specified in the contract. When donated...section): (i) The percent of milk solids that, at a minimum, must be contained...donated nonfat dry milk, based on milk solids; (B) In calculating this...

2014-01-01

436

Willingness to donate: an interview study before liver transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The introduction of the living donation in organ transplantation introduces important new psychological conflicts and ethical questions in the transplantation process. Operation related risks, as well as dependencies in the family structure, generate considerable pressure on potential donors. The aim of the study was to reconstruct the determinants of willingness to donate before transplantation.Methods: Evaluation of 20 taped and

M Walter; C Papachristou; G Danzer; B F Klapp; J Frommer

2004-01-01

437

Voluntary Body Donation: The Gift that Lives on Forever  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Body donation is a gracious act, Shankarcharaya firmly believed in concept of Body Donation or Organ Donation and said Iddham sharirum paropakarum i.e. the body is for use of others and death is not the end, it is the beginning. Anatomy is important basic subject for medicalstudents, both U.G. & P.G. Best method of Anatomy learning is by dissection on human cadavers, which remains principle teaching tool. Human cadavers for purpose of study are a scarcity with mushrooming of medical institutions in this country. Unclaimed bodies are no more origin of cadavers. Whole Body donation is the need of the hour. A Voluntary Body Donation is defined as the act of giving oneís Body after death for Medical research and education. In this article a survey was done in S.V.S. Medical & Dental Colleges Faculty members and medical exhibition visitors which include lawyers, engineers, teachers and others during the year of 2010. The body donation including organ donation and various factors such as age, religion, culture and donorís attitude are discussed. Body donation provides the students and medical researchers with unparalleled opportunities to study the human body. Computers nor books cannot totally replace body dissection in learning the anatomy.

Saritha, S.; Rao, M. Vittoo; Sumangala; Supriya, G.; Kumar, Praveen

2012-10-01

438

Correlates of willingness to consider organ donation among blacks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professionals in the health care and organ procurement fields reveal that black Americans display limited commitment to organ donation. The present study represents an attempt to shed some light on this issue by examining the relationship of selected demographic, knowledge and attitude-belief variables to willingness to consider organ donation within a black population. Findings indicated that only a few of

Robert F. Creecy; Roosevelt Wright

1990-01-01

439

Directed organ donation: is the donor the owner?  

PubMed Central

The issue of directed donation of organs from deceased donors for transplantation has recently risen to the fore, given greater significance by the relatively stagnant rate of deceased donor donation in the UK. Although its status and legitimacy is explicitly recognized across the USA, elsewhere a more cautious, if not entirely negative, stance has been taken. In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, the Human Tissue Act 2004, and in Scotland the Human Tissue (Scotland) Act 2006, are both silent in this regard. Although so-called conditional donation, donation to (or perhaps withheld from) a specific class, has been outlawed as a product of guidance issued by the Secretary of State for Health issued in the wake of the controversial incident occurring in the North of England in 1998, its intended application to ‘directed’ donation is less certain. Directed and conditional donations challenge the traditional construct of altruistic donation and impartial (equitable) allocation in a very immediate and striking fashion. They implicitly raise important questions as to whether the body or parts of the body are capable of being owned, and by whom. This paper attempts to explore the notion of donor ownership of body parts and its implications for both directed and conditional donation.

Cronin, Antonia J; Price, David

2010-01-01

440

Truthfulness in transplantation: non-heart-beating organ donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current practice of organ transplantation has been criticized on several fronts. The philosophical and scientific foundations for brain death criteria have been crumbling. In addition, donation after cardiac death, or non-heartbeating-organ donation (NHBD) has been attacked on grounds that it mistreats the dying patient and uses that patient only as a means to an end for someone else's benefit.

Michael Potts

2007-01-01

441

The 'vanishing embryo' phenomenon in an oocyte donation programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We studied the incidence of vanishing embryos (VE) in pregnancies achieved by oocyte donation and evaluated the obstetric and perinatal complications. METHOD: A retrospective study was carried out based on a chart review of 399 patients with multiple pregnancies from our oocyte donation programme. We defined vanishing phenomenon as the early resorption, in the first trimester, of one or

Manuel Rodrõ ´ guez-Gonzalez; Vicente Serra; Juan Antonio Garcia-Velasco; Antonio Pellicer

2002-01-01

442

Student Attitudes to Whole Body Donation are Influenced by Dissection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a pre-post survey given to medical students in a gross anatomy course addressing the attitudes toward becoming cadaver donators. Outcomes discuss the influence of actively dissecting a cadaver and how that shifts students away from donating one's body.

2008-09-01

443

Donation Intentions for Cancer Genetics Research Among African Americans  

PubMed Central

Aims: Scientific agencies rely on individuals to donate their DNA to support research on chronic conditions that disproportionately affect African Americans; however, donation is variable in this population. The purpose of this study was to identify sociodemographic characteristics, health care variables, and cultural values having significant independent associations with intentions to donate blood or saliva samples for cancer genetics research among African American adults. Method: Cross-sectional survey of donation intentions. Results: The majority of respondents (73%) were willing to donate a biological sample for cancer genetics research. The results of the multivariate regression model found that respondents who received care at a facility other than a doctor's office (e.g., community center) were about five times more likely to be willing to donate a sample for cancer genetics research (odds ratio [OR]=5.28, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.16–24.12, p=0.03); whereas, greater levels of religiosity (OR=0.09, 95% CI=0.01–0.75, p=0.02) and present temporal orientation (OR=0.23, 95% CI=0.06–0.79, p=0.02) were associated with a lower likelihood of donating a sample. Conclusion: Efforts to enhance donation of biological samples for cancer genetics research may need to target diverse clinical sites for recruitment. Additionally, recruitment materials may need to address cultural values related to religiosity and present temporal orientation.

McDonald, Jasmine A.; Weathers, Benita; Barg, Frances K.; Troxel, Andrea B.; Shea, Judy A.; Bowen, Deborah; Guerra, Carmen E.

2012-01-01

444

Naval Ship Donation: Selection Decision for U.S.S. New Jersey Was Objective, but Selection Process Can Be Strengthened.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On January 20, 2000, the Secretary of the Navy approved the selection of the Home Port Alliance (the Alliance), a nonprofit organization, to receive the U.S.S. New Jersey under the Navy's ship donation program. The organization had sought to obtain the sh...

2000-01-01

445

The Impact and Evaluation of Two School-Based Interventions on Intention to Register an Organ Donation Preference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper describes the impact and evaluation of two intervention components--a video with group discussion and an interactive computer-tailored program--in order to encourage adolescents to register their organ donation preference. Studies were conducted in school during regular school hours. The video with group discussion in class had a…

Reubsaet, A.; Brug, J.; Kitslaar, J.; Van Hooff, J. P.; van den Borne, H. W.

2004-01-01

446

A descriptive study of the barriers to study abroad in engineering undergraduate education and recommendations for program design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study analyzed and compared the program designs of international exchange and internship programs for engineering students in the United States and the European Union (E.U.) as well as the extent to which these programs have removed barriers to study abroad. The purpose of this study was to provide recommendations for the design of international programs in the U.S. that would increase the proportion of engineering students who choose to study or intern abroad. Coordinators of international programs in engineering were surveyed about their perceptions of program success and a number of variables related to program design. A Chi-Square Test of Independence of (A) program success and (B) European and U.S. programs (i.e. institution location) cross-tabulated with all other variables and each other indicated those variables that contribute to the success of programs and those variables that are associated with either U.S. or European programs. In addition, all programs were described and the answers to open-ended survey questions were analyzed quantitatively. The analyses indicated that European programs tend to be more successful in implementing study/intern abroad programs for engineering students than U.S. programs. The elements of program design contributing to the greater success of European programs and the success of specific U.S. programs were described. In addition, the characteristics of overall successful programs (U.S. and E.U. data combined) were explained. The results indicated that successful programs tend to: (1) be promoted by the college and/or departments of engineering, (2) offer study/intern abroad opportunities in English-speaking settings, (3) award full credit at the home institution for required engineering courses completed at the host institution, (4) offer scholarships and financial aid for participation in the program, (5) require participating students to have completed their second year of university course work prior to applying to the program, and (6) eliminate the barrier "stringent curricular design, sequencing, and requirements reflecting accreditation standards." In addition, programs tend to be successful at institutions that require foreign language study for an undergraduate degree in engineering. Recommendations were provided for the design of U.S. programs that would increase engineering student participation in international experiences.

Klahr, Sabine Christine

447

The After-School Program for School-Age Children. A Descriptive Report. Report No. 13, Vol. 25.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the administrative structure and program design for an after-school program for school age children (aged between 5 and 13 years) in the 1990-91 school year in the Atlanta (Georgia) Public Schools (APS). The program took policy and regulations from the pertinent Board of Education policy and guidelines and was administered by…

Popwell, Emma P.

448

A Descriptive Study of the Outdoor Recreation Programs and Services Provided by Selected U.S. Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty selected college and university outdoor programs are grouped along the points of Blaesing's "Continuum of Outdoor Program Delivery Systems" in this guide to planning, development, and modification of outdoor programming. Grouping was done on the basis of questionnaire responses by institutions according to these primary variables: degree of…

Branson, Paul S.

449

A Descriptive Study of the Classroom Instruction Component of the ESEA Title VII Bilingual Education Program. Selected Case Histories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-two case histories of bilingual education programs funded under Title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act are presented as a companion volume to the technical report of the same study. The case histories were developed from site visits and surveys of administrators, teachers, and parents involved in the program. The program

Cardenas, Rene F.; Rudes, Blair A.

450

A Descriptive-Comparative Study of Professional Development and Observed Quality in Early Care and Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With over 12 million children enrolled in early care and education programming across the U.S., families with children under the age of 5 years old are dependent on these programs. Although highly important, little regulation exists regarding qualifications necessary for individuals to work in these programs. Consequently, individuals in the field…

Romeyn, Rebecca

2010-01-01

451

Tunggassmodellen INSGAS. Programbeskrivelse og brukerveiledning. (The heavy gas dispersion model INSGAS. Description of program and user's guide).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The program INSGAS, developed by the Norwegian institute for Air Research (NILU), is a computer program for calculation of the dispersion of heavy and cold gas clouds in the atmosphere due to a conceived instantaneous release. The program is based on a th...

S. E. Walker

1993-01-01

452

Organ Donation on Web 2.0: Content and Audience Analysis of Organ Donation Videos on YouTube  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the content of and audience response to organ donation videos on YouTube, a Web 2.0 platform, with framing theory. Positive frames were identified in both video content and audience comments. Analysis revealed a reciprocity relationship between media frames and audience frames. Videos covered content categories such as kidney, liver, organ donation registration process, and youth. Videos were

Yan Tian

2010-01-01

453

Improving institutional fairness to live kidney donors: donor needs must be addressed by safeguarding donation risks and compensating donation costs.  

PubMed

The number of kidney transplants from live donors is increasing worldwide, yet donor needs have not been satisfactorily addressed in either developed or developing countries. This paper argues that unmet donor needs are unfair to live kidney donors in two ways. First, when safeguards against the risks of donation are insufficient, live donation can impair the donor's health and thus his or her fair opportunities to access jobs and offices and to function as a free and equal citizen more generally. Secondly, when the financial costs of donation are not fully compensated, operational fairness (associated with the nephrectomy event) is compromised for the donor. The donor assumes the risks of a nontherapeutic intervention--for the good of the recipient and society--and should not have to incur costs for donating. Based on a systematic analysis of unmet donor needs in developed and developing countries, context-relative measures to improve institutional fairness to live kidney donors are delineated in this paper. The identified ways of safeguarding donation risks and compensating donation costs are not merely means to removing disincentives for donation and increasing donation rates. They are essential for preserving institutional fairness in the health care of the live kidney donor. PMID:17711405

Schulz-Baldes, Annette; Delmonico, Francis L

2007-11-01

454

Clarifying the paradigm for the ethics of donation and transplantation: Was 'dead' really so clear before organ donation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent commentaries by Verheijde et al, Evans and Potts suggesting that donation after cardiac death practices routinely violate the dead donor rule are based on flawed presumptions. Cell biology, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, critical care life support technologies, donation and transplantation continue to inform concepts of life and death. The impact of oxygen deprivation to cells, organs and the brain is discussed

Sam D Shemie; Tissue Donation

2007-01-01

455

A Confirmatory Analysis of the Organ Donation Readiness Index: Measuring the Potential for Organ Donations among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for transplant exceeds the number of available organs. Antigen compatible organs are particularly scarce for African Americans because of their proportionately lower rate of donations. This study presents a measure of organ donation readiness. Examination of the factor structure and a test of weak invariance were conducted on…

Rice, Christopher; Tamburlin, Judith

2004-01-01

456

The attitude toward living kidney donation among personnel from units related to donation and transplantation in Spain, Mexico and Cuba.  

PubMed

Abstract Background: Living kidney donation (LKD) is becoming increasingly necessary as a treatment option for reducing the deficit in transplant organs. Hospital personnel in services related to donation and transplantation play a key role in promoting this kind of donation. Objective: To analyze the attitude toward LKD among hospital workers in services related to donation and transplantation in Spain and Latin America. Methods: Eight hospitals in the "International Collaborative Donor Project" were selected (Spain-Mexico-Cuba). A random sample was taken which was stratified according to the type of service and job category, in transplant-related services. Results: Of the 878 respondents, 90% were in favor of related LKD, and 28% were in favor if the LKD was not related. Attitude was more favorable among Latin Americans workers compared to the Spanish (p?=?0.014). Other factors associated to attitude included: age (p?=?0.004); an attitude in favor of deceased donation and living liver donation (p?donation and transplantation process in Spain and Latin America, which means that they could contribute to its promotion particularly at the current time when living kidney donation needs to be expanded. PMID:24502502

Ríos, Antonio; López-Navas, Ana; Ayala-García, Marco Antonio; Sebastián, María José; Abdo-Cuza, Anselmo; Martínez-Alarcón, Laura; Ramírez, Ector Jaime; Muñoz, Gerardo; Palacios, Gerardo; Suárez-López, Juliette; Castellanos, Ricardo; González, Beatriz; Martínez, Miguel Angel; Díaz, Ernesto; Ramírez, Pablo; Parrilla, Pascual

2014-05-01

457

Special Report on the Data Collection Programs for the Ground Based Nitrogen Washout Experiment. Volume 2 - Detailed Program Descriptions, Listings, Examples and Hardware Specifications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Personal data input, decompression data, nitrogen washout, nitrogen data, and update computer programs are described. Input data and formats; program output, reports, and data; program flowcharts; program listings; sample runs with input and output pages; hardware operation; and engineering data are provided.

1982-01-01

458

Health content analysis of organ donation and transplantation news on Turkish television channels and in Turkish print media.  

PubMed

The media affects individuals' behaviors, especially by means of news and advertisements. In this study, we evaluated health content of organ donation and transplantation news in the printed media and on television programs for a 1-year period in Turkey. We examined 2449 news items in 230 newspapers and magazines; 1179 news programs on 45 television channels, all concerning organ donation and transplantation. The news obtained from the Media Pursuit Center were transferred to an electronic file to evaluate the format and content of the news. Nine variables were examined about the scope and the formal characteristics of the news: the publication name, its type, the province, the date, the headline, the title length, the presence of a photograph, or its kind, the news size, and the page number. In the content analysis of the news, we also examined 9 variables: the topic, the message of the headline, the property of the words in the title, the identification of photographs in the news, the age, gender of actors in the news, as well as donor or recipient. In a summary, print media and television channels, failed to show sufficient information about organ donation and transplantation. The percentage of news about organ donation and transplantation was small and mostly negative items in the media. On television channels, sufficient place was not given to organ donation and transplantation. The news in printed media and on television channels was not about motivated or altruistic behavior. The pattern of organ donation and transplantation news is important in terms of perception and comment by the public. Furthermore it directly affects the perception of the news by the reader. PMID:20172298

Colak, M Yavuz; Hekimoglu, D; Ersoy, K; Sozen, F; Haberal, M

2010-01-01

459

Attitudes Underlying Corneal Donation in a Group of Trainee Allied Health Professionals  

PubMed Central

Background The focus of this study was to investigate factors that may influence personal willingness to register consent to donate corneal tissue upon death using the theory of planned behaviour in a relatively ethnically homogenous group of trainee allied health professionals. The attainment of this knowledge will be of paramount importance in relation to potential interventions that are designed to change donation-related behaviour. Methods A questionnaire-based study was undertaken with 92 pre-registration nurses (mean age 24.0 years (standard deviation ±5.6 years); female:male ?=?89:3) enrolled at a University in Northern Ireland. Intention to register consent to donate corneal tissue upon death was assessed using both direct and belief-based measures found in the theory of planned behaviour. Descriptive statistics were used to assess demographic information, with correlation and regression analyses being used to identify factors influencing intentions. Results The majority of participants were religious (94.6%, n?=?87) and mostly Protestant (58.7%, n?=?54) or Catholic (35.9%, n?=?33). Generally speaking, the theory of planned behaviour accounted for 84% of the variance in intention to register consent. In relation to the constructs found in the theory of planned behaviour, attitude was found to be the strongest predictor of intention to register consent, with subjective norm being the second strongest predictor. Perceived behavioural control did not significantly predict intention to register consent. Conclusions The theory of planned behaviour has allowed an understanding of the factors that influence the personal intentions of a group of future allied health professionals from the same ethnic group to register consent to donate their corneal tissue.

McGlade, Donal; McClenahan, Carol; Pierscionek, Barbara

2012-01-01

460

EMAP PROJECT DESCRIPTIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

The EMAP Project Descriptions is an annual document that details research activities throughout the program over the past fiscal year. ncluding an overview of EMAP's research structure, the document focuses on the program's eight resource groups, cross-program coordination groups...

461

Donation after cardiac death: a survey of university student opinions on death and donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To determine if university students consider the donation after cardiac death donor as dead.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design  Survey.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Setting  University students.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Participants  Medical (n = 142) and nursing (n = 76) students in a medical ethics class and philosophy students (n = 102).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Intervention  Survey during class time with four patient scenarios in which a decision was made to donate organs after 5 min of absent circulation.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Measurements and results  Half the surveys had

Ari R. Joffe; Roisin Byrne; Natalie R. Anton; Allan R. deCaen

2009-01-01

462

Processed electroencephalogram during donation after cardiac death.  

PubMed

We present a case series of increased bispectral index values during donation after cardiac death (DCD). During the DCD process, a patient was monitored with processed electroencephalogram (EEG), which showed considerable changes traditionally associated with lighter planes of anesthesia immediately after withdrawal of care. Subsequently, to validate the findings of this case, processed EEG was recorded during 2 other cases in which care was withdrawn without the use of hypnotic or anesthetic drugs. We found that changes in processed EEG immediately after withdrawal of care were not only reproducible, but can happen in the absence of changes in major electromyographic or electrocardiographic artifact. It is well documented that processed EEG is prone to artifacts. However, in the setting of DCD, these changes in processed EEG deserve some consideration. If these changes are not due to artifact, dosing of hypnotic or anesthetic drugs might be warranted. Use of these drugs during DCD based primarily on processed EEG values has never been addressed. PMID:20237048

Auyong, David B; Klein, Stephen M; Gan, Tong J; Roche, Anthony M; Olson, Daiwai; Habib, Ashraf S

2010-05-01

463

[Organ donation--course of events].  

PubMed

In Germany nearly 11,300 patients are on the waiting list for a donor organ. The process of organ donation should be known at every hospital and in particular the prerequisites for confirmation of brain death which can only take place in the intensive care unit. The consultation with the family of a deceased is of utmost importance because only few people have a signed organ donor card. Otherwise the relatives have to make the decision on behalf of the deceased. After consent intensive protective care treatment is necessary to prevent any organ damage. Retrieval of organs can be done at every operating theatre by specially trained surgeons. The transport of the specially packed retrieved organs is carried out considering the individual ischemic time. The donor hospital and the relatives receive a letter informing them about the course of events. PMID:23775161

Samuel, U

2013-06-01

464

Hispanic organ donation: impact of a Spanish-language organ donation campaign.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: Hispanic Americans have a substantial need for organ transplants and are underrepresented among organ donors, yet very little is known about how to increase available donors in this community. This study assesses the impact of a Spanish-language media campaign targeting organ donation among Hispanic Americans in two urban Arizona counties. METHODS: The study collected data via four surveys conducted before and after implementation of a Spanish-language media campaign targeting organ donation among Spanish-dominant Hispanic Americans in Pima and Maricopa counties in Arizona. The main intervention consisted of four Spanish-language television advertisements and two Spanish-language radio advertisements. RESULTS: The media campaign was successfully implemented and attained substantial exposure among the target audience. Postintervention beliefs were more prodonation, and there was more family discussion postintervention. In both counties, residents exposed to the campaign reported more prodonation beliefs and family discussion. Exposed Maricopa residents were also more likely to be potential donors. CONCLUSIONS: Study data indicate a positive impact of a media campaign targeting organ donation beliefs and behaviors among Spanish-dominant Hispanic Americans in Arizona. It is hoped that these findings will stimulate further research in this important area.

Alvaro, Eusebio M.; Jones, Sara Pace; Robles, Antonio Santa Maria; Siegel, Jason

2006-01-01

465

Job Descriptions, Report Forms, Annual Report, Mobile Home Live-In Agreements. Workshop I. School Security Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Workshop materials, all from Broward County (Florida), include job descriptions for the positions of director of security, security investigator, security specialist, and security patrolman. A security report also contains charts reflecting arson, vandalism, and theft costs from the school in years 1970 through 1979. The last section contains…

National Association of School Security Directors, Bellevue, WA.

466

Guidelines for Arrangement and Description of Archives and Manuscripts: A Manual for Historical Records Programs in New York State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of these guidelines is to provide archivists, librarians, local government officials, and staff of repositories responsible for preserving historical records in New York State with basic instructions on arrangement and description practices. The guidelines: provide information on describing archival and manuscript materials at a…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. State Archives and Records Administration.

467

It is Possible: Availability of Lymphedema Case Management in each Health Facility in Togo. Program Description, Evaluation, and Lessons Learned  

PubMed Central

Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a vector-borne parasitic disease that can clinically manifest as disabling lymphedema. Although the LF elimination program aims to reduce disability and to interrupt transmission, there has been a scarcity of disease morbidity management programs, particularly on a national scale. This report describes the implementation of the first nationwide LF lymphedema management program. The program, which was initiated in Togo in 2007, focuses on patient behavioral change. Its goal is two-fold: to achieve a sustainable program on a national-scale, and to serve as a model for other countries. The program has five major components: 1) train at least one health staff in lymphedema care in each health facility in Togo; 2) inform people with a swollen leg that care is available at their dispensary; 3) train patients on self-care; 4) provide a support system to motivate patients to continue self-care by training community health workers or family members and providing in home follow-up; and 5) integrate lymphedema management into the curriculum for medical staff. The program achieved the inclusion of lymphedema management in the routine healthcare package. The evaluation after three years estimated that 79% of persons with a swollen leg in Togo were enrolled in the program. The adherence rate to the proposed World Health Organization treatment of washing, exercise, and leg elevation was more than 70% after three years of the program, resulting in a stabilization of the lymphedema stage and a slight decrease in reported acute attacks among program participants. Health staff and patients consider the program successful in reaching and educating the patients. After the external funding ended, the morbidity management program is maintained through routine Ministry of Health activities.

Mathieu, Els; Dorkenoo, Ameyo M.; Datagni, Michael; Cantey, Paul T.; Morgah, Kodjo; Harvey, Kira; Ziperstein, Joshua; Drexler, Naomi; Chapleau, Gina; Sodahlon, Yao

2013-01-01

468

Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant Quality Assurance Program description for high-level waste form development and qualification. Revision 3, Part 2  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant Project has been established to convert the high-level radioactive waste associated with nuclear defense production at the Hanford Site into a waste form suitable for disposal in a deep geologic repository. The Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant will mix processed radioactive waste with borosilicate material, then heat the mixture to its melting point (vitrification) to forin a glass-like substance that traps the radionuclides in the glass matrix upon cooling. The Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant Quality Assurance Program has been established to support the mission of the Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant. This Quality Assurance Program Description has been written to document the Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant Quality Assurance Program.

Not Available

1993-08-01

469

[Living organ donation vs. cadaveric donation - study of liver transplanted children and their families].  

PubMed

There is only scarce information on the quality of life of child recipients of liver transplants and their families. Particularly children with a living related graft and their families never have been compared to children who received a cadaveric graft and their families. We investigated the following issues in our study: How do parents and children from participating families rate their strain, their quality of life and their relationships within their family? Do families with a living - related donor differ from those with a cadaveric donor? What do living donors and their partners think about the donation retrospectively? The study was conducted with 106 participants from 50 families (42 mothers, 40 fathers, and 24 children older than 6 years). In 20 of these families, a living transplantation had been performed. Participants were interviewed and asked to fill out several questionnaires. School-aged children with a liver transplant show good social integration among their peers and in school. The child's disease, however, has a great impact on the family. Family members show a reduction in social contact, and an increase in marital crises, and problematic relations amongst siblings. Families in which a cadaveric graft was performed, are less satisfied with life, and show more symptoms of exhaustion. Every family studied possessed or acquired - a high degree of internal or external coping resources. Living - related donors tried hard to obtain an understanding of the medical context. The partner, rather than the donor himself, feels anxious before the donation. The limited time available for the decision to donate is not perceived by the donors to be critical. Ten percent of living donors feel "a little" that their health is affected. The decision to donate is supported "strongly" or "very strongly" by the partners in 80 % of the cases. A possible strain on the child through the expectation of gratitude by the donor is stated by 20 %. All of the donors agree that if they were to be asked today, they would donate again, only one of the partners raised objections. In summary, as a retrospective pilot study, this study primarily generates hypotheses rather than testing them and helps to develop research tools for the field. Results suggest that a psychological support be made available both prior to and following the operation, not only for the children but also for their families, with particular attention to the partners of the living donors and the siblings of the affected children. PMID:11774048

Schulz, K H; Hofmann, C; Sander, K; Edsen, S; Burdelski, M; Koch, U; Rogiers, X

2001-12-01

470

Correlates of support for living donation among African American adults  

PubMed Central

Context Living donation is studied with much less intensity among African Americans than among the general population. Examination of barriers to living donation can lead to effective strategies to educate dialysis patients and their families about this alternative. Objective To explore the correlates of likelihood of becoming a living donor among community-recruited African American adults. Design/Participants Cross-sectional data were gathered via self-administered questionnaire from 425 African American adults, age 18 years and older, who were recruited from 9 churches in Atlanta. Main Outcome Measures Self-reported likelihood of becoming a living donor to a close family member, an extended family member or friend, or a stranger. Results More than three-quarters of participants were willing to act as living donors to a close family member or spouse and two-thirds to friends or extended family. For likelihood of donating to a friend or extended family member, only willingness to engage in deceased donation was significantly associated; to a stranger, both willingness to engage in deceased donation and attitudes toward donation were significantly associated. Knowledge of and personal experiences with donation and/or transplantation were not significantly associated with likelihood of any type of living donation. Conclusions Findings indicate widespread support for living donation to a close family member or spouse. These findings have important implications for dialysis patients who must decide whether to approach friends and/or family about the possibility of serving as a living donor and emphasize the need for interventions to help facilitate this process.

Robinson, Dana H. Z.; Borba, Christina P. C.; Thompson, Nancy J.; Perryman, Jennie P.; Arriola, Kimberly R. Jacob

2012-01-01

471

Computer prediction of three-dimensional potential flow fields in which aircraft propellers operate: Computer program description and users manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A method was developed for predicting the potential flow velocity field at the plane of a propeller operating under the influence of a wing-fuselage-cowl or nacelle combination. A computer program was written which predicts the three dimensional potential flow field. The contents of the program, its input data, and its output results are described.

Jumper, S. J.

1979-01-01

472

DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSIS OF INSPECTION/MAINTENANCE PROGRAMS FOR OIL FIRED CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS IN SWITZERLAND AND WEST GERMANY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report describes and analyzes inspection/maintenance programs for oil-fired heating systems in Switzerland and West Germany. Inspection programs for oil-fired residential and commercial heating systems were introduced in Switzerland and West Germany in the late 1960s, induced...

473

Reconceptualizing Teacher Preparation for Inclusive Classrooms: A Description of the Dual License Program at the University of New Mexico.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the Dual License Teacher Preparation Program at the University of New Mexico and the national and state context within which it was developed and continues to evolve. Graduates of the program are eligible for licensure in general education (K-8) and special education (K-12). Teacher collaboration is highlighted. (Contains…

Keefe, Elizabeth B.; Rossi, Pamela J.; de Valenzuela, J. S.; Howarth, Sam

2000-01-01

474

A Description and Evaluation of Section 3 Programs in Michigan, 1971-72. Report Number 2, Addendum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program, funded by the State of Michigan, was designed to provide compensatory education in basic reading and arithmetic skills for elementary school children with serious deficiencies in these areas. The composite achievement scores of the 1970-71 Michigan Educational Assessment Program were used to establish eligible school districts.…

Sie, Maureen A.

475

Preparing a 21st Century Workforce for Science, Engineering, and Mathematics: Descriptive Outcomes of the Graduate Research Traineeship (GRT) Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the 1998 reporting year data on the National Science Foundation's (NSF's) Graduate Research Traineeship (GRT) program. The GRT program supports the research and education of talented students pursuing graduate degrees in critical and emerging areas of science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (SMET) and SMET…

Brizius, Martine G.; Luckey, Heather B.

476

[Evaluation of measurements intended to develop regularity of blood donation].  

PubMed

An increase in the regularity of blood donation is desirable for two main reasons. First, the lower incidence of viral disease markers in regular donors when compared to first donors could help to reduce risks of transmissible diseases. Second, a higher frequency of donation could contribute to a more satisfactory supply of blood products. Two measures implemented with the aim of increasing the regularity of blood donation were evaluated: (i) an increase in the annual frequency of blood collection by mobile teams at collection sites, and (ii) a "next donation document" given to each donor indicating the earliest possible date of the next donation. The regularity index was calculated as the mean number of cellular donations (whole blood and platelet apheresis) per donor per year, over two consecutive periods: 1-7-1993-30-6-1994 (P1) and 1-7-1994-30-6-1995 (P2). The junction of these two periods corresponded to the date of introduction of the "next donation document" and to the time of reinforcement of the mobile collection frequency. First donors in either period were not taken into account in the study. A significant relationship was observed between the annual frequency of mobile collection and the average number of donations per donor (comparison test of two means on large samples, p < 0.001 in all the cases excepted those of stable mobile collection numbers). Thus, in the first period, the average donation rate was the lowest on sites having only one mobile collection per year (M: 1.55, W: 1.38) and the highest on sites with five mobile collections per year (M: 2.05, W: 1.71). These average numbers significantly increased in the second period as compared to the first (M: +4.8%, W: +1.8%; comparison test of two means from paired series, p < 0.001), as did the yearly frequency of mobile blood collections (+9.2%). On the other hand, the "next donation document" was not associated to any change in the regularity index. The results of this study therefore showed an increase in the frequency of visits of mobile collection teams to be the main factor leading to an improvement in the regularity of blood donation. Moreover, this evolution was associated with a decrease in the incidence of viral markers detected at donation. PMID:9789963

Folléa, G; Bigey, F; Wagner, A; Vives, C; Cazenave, J P

1998-08-01

477

[Attitudes of medical staff potentially participating in the organ donation process towards organ donation and transplantation in Bavaria].  

PubMed

Background: Organ donation rates in Germany are lower than in other countries and have declined further after manipulations of the waiting lists in some German transplant centers became public. Attitudes and commitment of medical personnel are crucial for successful organ donation. Therefore, we studied the attitudes of hospital staff towards organ donation and transplantation. Method: In 50 Bavarian hospitals, medical professionals working in units relevant to organ donation were asked to respond to an anonymous questionnaire. Results: 2983 questionnaires could be evaluated. The majority of all respondents had a positive attitude towards organ donation; 71?% were willing to donate their organs after brain death and 57?% were willing to accept a transplant in case of organ failure. Rates of positive attitude were lower among nurses than among physicians. 28?% indicated that recent developments had a negative impact on their attitude and of those approximately half evaluated the work of transplant centers negatively. Overall only 23?% considered organ allocation as fair. The majority of nurses and a large proportion of physicians considered themselves as not well informed. Conclusion: The current loss of confidence into organ donation and transplantation also affects the attitude of medical personnel. Intensified measures of information and full transparency of all procedures are urgently needed. PMID:24863464

Grammenos, D; Bein, T; Briegel, J; Eckardt, K-U; Gerresheim, G; Lang, C; Nieß, C; Zeman, F; Breidenbach, T

2014-06-01

478

Donations for overseas development: evidence from a panel of UK charities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We model the determinants of donations made to UK overseas development charities using panel data on charities' donation income covering a 25 year period. The paper starts by reviewing relevant theory and previous empirical work on donations to UK charities before outlining a framework in which donations are a function of fundraising, government grants, total household income, inequality in household

W Arulampalam; J Micklewright

479

Donation Payment Mechanisms and Contingent Valuation: An Empirical Study of Hypothetical Bias  

Microsoft Academic Search

Donation payment mechanisms are well suited forsome contingent valuation studies. In aneffort to better understand the discrepancythat has been consistently found between actualand hypothetical donations, we investigate anapproach to estimating actual willingness todonate using contingent donations with afollow-up question in which respondents ratethe level of certainty about their response tothe contingent donation question. The approachallows us to estimate the magnitude

Patricia A. Champ; Richard C. Bishop

2001-01-01

480

Donations for overseas development: evidence from a panel of UK charities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We model the determinants of donations made to UK overseas development charities using panel data on charities' donation income covering a 25 year period. The paper starts by reviewing relevant theory and previous empirical work on donations to UK charities before outlining a framework in which donations are a function of fundraising, government grants, total household income, inequality in household

W Arulampalam; P G Backus; J Micklewright

2009-01-01

481

Aquifer descriptions from the U.S. Geological Survey Regional Aquifer-System Analysis Program, 1978-1993  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Regional Aquifer-System Analysis Program of the U.S. Geological Survey began in 1978. The overall purpose of this program is to define the geologic, hydrologic, and geochemical framework of the Nation's most important aquifers and aquifer systems. This report summarizes the aquifer or aquifer system name, geographic area, rock units, equivalent names, lithology, thickness, hydrologic characteristics, water quality, water use, and references for 157 aquifers in 23 areas of the United States. A .zip file containing the aquifer data and data search programs (in compressed ASCII format) is included in the report.

Davidson, Claire B.; Doherty, Helen

1994-01-01

482

Revised description of index of Florida water data collection active stations and a user's guide for station or site information retrieval computer program FINDEX H578  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The report is an update of U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-703, which described a retrieval program for administrative index of active data-collection sites in Florida. Extensive changes to the Findex system have been made since 1977 , making the previous report obsolete. A description of the data base and computer programs that are available in the Findex system are documented in this report. This system serves a vital need in the administration of the many and diverse water-data collection activities. District offices with extensive data-collection activities will benefit from the documentation of the system. Largely descriptive, the report tells how a file of computer card images has been established which contains entries for all sites in Florida at which there is currently a water-data collection activity. Entries include information such as identification number, station name, location, type of site, county, frequency of data collection, funding, and other pertinent details. The computer program FINDEX selectively retrieves entries and lists them in a format suitable for publication. The index is updated routinely. (USGS)

Geiger, Linda H.

1983-01-01

483

Description of the Site and Preliminary Design Validation Program for the WIPP (Waste Isolation Pilot Plant) Site.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The WIPP Site and Preliminary Design Validation Program, referred to as SPDV throughout this paper, is designed to provide confirmation of the characteristics of the proposed Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) site. This information will, when added to ex...

C. C. Little F. J. Gurney D. S. Bell

1980-01-01

484

Willingness of the United States general public to participate in kidney paired donation  

PubMed Central

Background Availability of kidney paired donation (KPD) is increasing in the United States, and a national system through UNOS is forthcoming. However, little is known about attitudes toward KPD among the general public, from which donors (particularly non-directed) are drawn. Methods In a national study, we assessed the public's attitudes regarding participation in KPD. Results Among 845 randomly selected participants, 85.2% of respondents were either “extremely willing” or “very willing” to participate in KPD. Experiences with the medical or organ transplant systems, such as undergoing surgery, having a primary medical provider, a living will, a friend who donated or received an organ, and considering donation after death, were associated with increased willingness. However, increased age, male sex, African American race, Hispanic ethnicity, distrust of the medical system, and not understanding organ allocation were associated with less willingness. Conclusions We identify strong support for KPD but some important potential barriers to participation which should be considered as KPD programs are implemented.

Segev, Dorry L.; Powe, Neil R.; Troll, Misty U.; Wang, Nae-Yuh; Montgomery, Robert A.; Boulware, L. Ebony

2013-01-01

485

Understanding selective refusal of eye donation. Identity, beauty, and interpersonal relationships.  

PubMed

Corneal transplantation is the most common form of organ transplantation performed globally. However, of all organs, eyes have the highest rate of refusal of donation. This study explored the reasons why individuals decide whether or not to donate corneas. Twenty-one individuals were interviewed who had made a donation decision (13 refused corneal donation and eight consented). Analysis was performed using Grounded Theory. Refusal of corneal donation was related to concerns about disfigurement and the role of eyes in memory and communication. The request for donation therefore raised concerns about a potential adverse change in the ongoing relationship with the deceased, even in death. For those who refused donation, these concerns overshadowed awareness of need or benefit of transplantation. Adjusting the donation message to be more congruent with the real, lived experience of corneal donation may to some extent "prepare" individuals when the donation question is raised. PMID:24363177

Lawlor, Mitchell; Kerridge, Ian

2014-03-01

486

Description of an Academic-Community Partnership Lifestyle Program for Lower-Income, Minority Adults at Risk for Diabetes  

PubMed Central

Purpose Translating strategies and approaches from the successful clinically-based Diabetes Prevention Program's lifestyle intervention to community settings is a key next step. This article describes a lifestyle program developed in partnership by researchers at a major university and public health professionals at a local health department. Methods The Live Well, Be Well (LWBW) pro