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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

The Mectizan® Donation Program – highlights from 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through the Mectizan® Donation Program, Merck & Co., Inc. has donated Mectizan (ivermectin, MSD) for the treatment of onchocerciasis worldwide since 1987. Mectizan has also been donated for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF) since 1998 in African countries and in Yemen where onchocerciasis and LF are co-endemic; for LF elimination programs, Mectizan is co-administered with albendazole, which is donated

Mary M Alleman; Nana AY Twum-Danso; Björn I Thylefors

2006-01-01

2

LEDP - Laboratory Equipment Donation Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) grants used energy-related laboratory equipment through its Laboratory Equipment Donation Program (LEDP). Any non-profit, educational institution starting at the middle school level and including high schools, universities, colleges, junior colleges, technical institutes, museums, or hospitals, located in the U.S. and interested in establishing or upgrading energy-oriented educational programs in the life, physical, and environmental sciences and in engineering is eligible to apply. Application reviews and grant awards are performed on a first-received, first-qualified basis. Examples of equipment that may be requested include: * Amp meters, voltmeters, electrometers * Amplifiers * Catalyst test units * Distillation columns * Dosimeters, survey meters, radiometers, and spectroscopes * Gas and liquid chromatographs * Gas tracers and analyzers - solar collectors and heliometers * Ion control gauges * Linear and pulse-height analyzers * Mass spectrometers, infrared spectrometers, and ultraviolet spectrometers * Oscilloscopes * Power supplies * Radiation detectors, monitors, scalers, and counters * Radiation shields and reactor associated components * Recorders * Signal generators * Temperature and pressure recorders Prior to 2012, this program was known as the Energy Related Laboratory Equipment (ERLE) Grant Program.

2011-02-23

3

The Mectizan Donation Program (MDP).  

PubMed

The launch of the Mectizan Donation Program (MDP) in 1987, by Merck & Co., Inc., created a number of new opportunities for onchocerciasis control. The microfilaricide Mectizan was rapidly put to ?use by the Onchocerciasis Control Programme in West Africa (OCP), for mass treatment by field teams in selected areas. Other milestones in Mectizan treatment included the establishment, in 1992, of the Onchocerciasis Elimination Program for the Americas, and the creation of the African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC) in 1995, the latter programme covering all African countries in need outside of the OCP area. In 1998, the donation of Mectizan was expanded to include the treatment of lymphatic filariasis in those African countries where that disease is co-endemic with onchocerciasis. In the past, the development of a broad partnership around the MDP played a very important role, including non-governmental development organizations collaborating with the ministries of health in endemic countries. A new community-directed treatment strategy, which made it easier to reach out to all those in need, including those in remote areas, was developed by the APOC in collaboration with the World Health Organization's Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR). Several drug-management issues, including dosing, shelf-life, safety, and the reporting of severe adverse experiences, were addressed by the MDP, through its Mectizan Expert Committee, and by Merck & Co., Inc. A major research effort for the safe treatment of onchocerciasis in loiasis-endemic areas has also been supported by the MDP. Presently there are national programmes for Mectizan mass treatment in all 33 endemic countries in need of such treatment; >69 million Mectizan treatments for onchocerciasis were provided during 2006, and this number is expected to grow to at least 100 million treatments/year by 2010. This achievement has resulted in great public-health and socio-economic benefits for the populations concerned. Future challenges will include additional support to 'fragile states' resulting from conflicts or natural disasters, and the need for a strengthened primary healthcare (PHC) infrastructure. The community-directed-treatment approach has been a great success but there is still a need to link the treatments to PHC, for the long-term sustainability of the treatments. The presence of loiasis in vast areas of Central Africa imposes a need for the mapping of that disease, and the application of safety precautions when distributing Mectizan in those areas. The recent decision to extend the APOC up to 2015 should facilitate the building of sustainable Mectizan treatment programmes that are integrated with the control of other neglected tropical diseases, such as lymphatic filariasis, intestinal helminths and trachoma. It will be important to define the safe end-point for Mectizan treatment in various settings, and an ongoing study by TDR will address this issue. There is also a need to consider the application of more frequent Mectizan treatments, possibly with adjunct measures, such as ground-based vector control in selected areas, or new chemotherapeutic approaches (as and when they become available). PMID:18718154

Thylefors, B

2008-09-01

4

Do specialized MBA programs cultivate alumni relationships and donations?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent trend among universities shifts from traditional MBA programs to specialized MBA offerings. Specialized programs are believed to cultivate stronger relationships with students, which lead to stronger alumni relationships and increased donations. This research tests this empirically by examining relationship perceptions and donation behavior among alumni of both traditional and specialized MBA programs from a university. The findings suggest

Jennifer Wiggins Johnson; Veronica Thomas; Joann Peck

2010-01-01

5

Psychosocial Effects of Unrelated Bone Marrow Donation: Experiences of the National Marrow Donor Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we investigated the psychosocial effects of unrelated marrow donation. Survey questionnaires were administered pre-donation, shortly post-donation, and 1 year post-donation to all donors through the National Mar- row Donor Program over a 3-year period. Univariate, bi- variate, and multivariate analyses were then performed. Donors were generally quite positive about the donation 1 year post-donation: 87% felt it

Victoria A. Butterworth; Roberta G. Simmons; Glenn Bartsch; Bryan Randall; Mindy Schimmel; David F. Stroncek

1993-01-01

6

Computerized decision support system for kidney paired donation program  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to assist physicians and other health professionals for health care improvement, clinical decision support systems, through interactive computerized software, become very popular in clinical practice. The crisis associated with kidney organ shortage has triggered an innovative strategy, termed as Kidney Paired Donation (KPD) program, to address a rapidly expanding demand for donor kidneys. KPD program involves how to

Yanhua Chen; Peter X.-K. Song

2011-01-01

7

Social Psychology (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... and Cognitive Sciences Social Psychology Description The Social Psychology Program at NSF ... emotion, social comparison and social influence, and the psychophysiological and neurophysiological ...

8

Analysis (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... of Mathematical Sciences Analysis Description The Analysis Program supports basic research in ... analysis has influenced developments from Newton?s mechanics to quantum mechanics and from Fourier?s ...

9

A Tale of Two Cities: Financing Two Voucher Programs for Substance Abusers Through Community Donations  

PubMed Central

Voucher-based reinforcement therapy (VBRT) is an effective drug abuse treatment, but the cost of VBRT rewards has limited its dissemination. Obtaining VBRT incentives through donations may be one way to overcome this barrier. Two direct mail campaigns solicited donations for use in VBRT for pregnant, postpartum, and parenting drug users in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and in Los Angeles, California. In Toronto, 19% of those contacted over 2 months donated $8,000 ($4,000/month) of goods and services. In Los Angeles, nearly 26% of those contacted over 34 months donated $161,000 ($4,472/month) of goods and services. Maintaining voucher programs by soliciting donations is feasible and sustainable. The methods in this article can serve as a guide for successful donation solicitation campaigns. Donations offer an alternative for obtaining VBRT rewards for substance abuse treatment and may increase its dissemination.

Amass, Leslie; Kamien, Jonathan

2005-01-01

10

Quality Management of Body Donation Program at the University of Padova  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Quality management improvement has become a recent focus of attention in medical education. The program for the donation of bodies and body parts (Body Donation Program) at the University of Padova has recently been subjected to a global quality management standard, the ISO 9001:2008 certification. The aim of the present work is to show how the…

Porzionato, Andrea; Macchi, Veronica; Stecco, Carla; Mazzi, Anna; Rambaldo, Anna; Sarasin, Gloria; Parenti, Anna; Scipioni, Antonio; De Caro, Raffaele

2012-01-01

11

Symptoms of anxiety and depression in lesbian couples treated with donated sperm: a descriptive study  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate symptoms of anxiety and depression in lesbian couples undergoing assisted reproductive treatment (ART), and to study the relationship of demographic data, pregnancy outcome and future reproductive plans with symptoms of anxiety and depression. Design Descriptive, a part of the prospective longitudinal ‘Swedish study on gamete donation’. Setting All university clinics in Sweden performing gamete donation. Population A consecutive sample of 214 lesbian couples requesting assisted reproduction, 165 of whom participated. Methods Participants individually completed three study-specific questionnaires and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS): time point 1 (T1), at commencement of ART; time point 2 (T2), approximately 2 months after treatment; and time point 3 (T3), 2–5 years after first treatment. Main outcome measures Anxiety and depression (HADS), pregnancy outcome and future reproductive plans. Results The vast majority of lesbian women undergoing assisted reproduction reported no symptoms of anxiety and depression at the three assessment points. A higher percentage of the treated women, compared with the partners, reported symptoms of anxiety at T2 (14% versus 5%, P = 0.011) and T3 (10% versus 4%, P = 0.018), as well as symptoms of depression at T2 (4% versus 0%, P = 0.03) and T3 (3% versus 0%, P = 0.035). The overall pregnancy outcome was high; almost three-quarters of lesbian couples gave birth 2–5 years after sperm donation treatments. Open-ended comments illustrated joy and satisfaction about family building. Conclusion Lesbian women in Sweden reported good psychological health before and after treatment with donated sperm.

Borneskog, C; Sydsjo, G; Lampic, C; Bladh, M; Svanberg, AS

2013-01-01

12

An antidote to the emerging two tier organ donation policy in Canada: the Public Cadaveric Organ Donation Program.  

PubMed

In Canada, as in many other countries, there exists an organ procurement/donation crisis. This paper reviews some of the most common kidney procurement and allocation programmes, analyses them in terms of public and private administration, and argues that privately administered living donor models are an inequitable stopgap measure, the good intentions of which are misplaced and opportunistic. Focusing on how to improve the publicly administered equitable cadaveric donation programme, and at the same time offering one possible explanation for its current failure, it is suggested that the simple moral principle of "give and you shall receive", already considered by some, be extended further. This would allow for those who are willing to sign up to be a public cadaveric donor be given a priority for receiving an organ donation should they ever require it. It is argued that this priority may provide the motivation to give that is so far lacking in Canada. This model is called the Public Cadaveric Organ Donation Program. PMID:15800355

Giles, S

2005-04-01

13

Computerized decision support system for kidney paired donation program.  

PubMed

In order to assist physicians and other health professionals for health care improvement, clinical decision support systems, through interactive computerized software, become very popular in clinical practice. The crisis associated with kidney organ shortage has triggered an innovative strategy, termed as Kidney Paired Donation (KPD) program, to address a rapidly expanding demand for donor kidneys. KPD program involves how to making optimal decision for allowing patients with incompatible living donors to receive compatible organs by best matching donors. Although some computerized optimization tools are being used in the current KPD program, there still lacks a general decision support system which enables us to evaluate and compare different kidney allocation strategies and effects of policy. In this paper, we discuss a general computer-based KPD decision model that appropriately reflects the real world clinical application. Also, the whole decision process is to be visualized by our Graphical User Interface (GUI) software, which offers a user friendly platform not only to provide a convenient interface for clinicians but also to assess different kidney exchange strategies of clinical importance. PMID:22255013

Chen, Yanhua; Song, Peter X-K

2011-01-01

14

Current approaches in national kidney paired donation programs.  

PubMed

Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage renal disease. While living donors provide anywhere from a small to a large fraction of kidneys for transplantation in different countries, at least one-third of these donors are incompatible with their potential recipients. To overcome these challenges, kidney paired donation (KPD) programs have been established that organize donor exchanges to find matches among the pool of incompatible pairs. Each program has developed its own features to accommodate local needs. Reasons for participating in KPD include blood group incompatibility, sensitization of the recipient against the donor, and the potential for improvement in transplant quality (e.g., age difference or graft size), and tissue compatibility. KPD programs use sophisticated algorithms to find matches among the pool of donor-recipient pairs to create simultaneous 2-way, 3-way, or 4-way exchanges or more complex non-simultaneous chains of transplants. These KPD allocation systems should be medically sound and ethically acceptable according to the principles of equity, utility, and justice. The variety of possible exchanges provided by these algorithms allows for maximizing the number of transplants, increasing the quality of transplants, and accommodating patients who are difficult to match. In this review, we describe several examples of successful KPD programs with diverse organizational approaches. By highlighting the strategies used by these programs to meet the needs of their patient populations, we aim to inspire improvements in existing programs and to provide a framework for expanding KPD to better serve international transplant communities. PMID:23792511

Mierzejewska, Beata; Durlik, Magdalena; Lisik, Wojciech; Baum, Caitlin; Schroder, Paul; Kopke, Jonathan; Rees, Michael; Stepkowski, Stanislaw

2013-03-19

15

[Latin program for organ donation: the intensivists are networking].  

PubMed

The new Swiss federal law on organ and transplantation strengthens the responsibilities of the intensive care units. In Italian and French speaking parts of Switzerland, the Programme Latin pour le Don d'Organe (PLDO) has been launched to foster a wider collaboration between intensivists and donation coordinators. The PLDO aims at optimising knowledge and expertise in organ donation through improvements in identification, notification and management of organ donors and their next of kin. The PLDO dispenses education to all professionals involved. Such organisation should allow increasing the number of organs available, while improving healthcare professionals experience and next of kin emotion throughout the donation process. PMID:19157281

Revelly, J-P; Heidegger, C-P; Eckert, P; Moretti, D; Chevrolet, J-C; Chioléro, R

2008-12-10

16

Perceptions, Knowledge, Incentives, and Barriers of Brain Donation among African American Elders Enrolled in an Alzheimer's Research Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: To learn about African American older adults' knowledge and perceptions of brain donation, factors that relate to participating or not participating in a brain donation research program, and methods to increase African American brain donation commitment rates in the context of an Alzheimer's disease (AD) research program. Design and…

Lambe, Susan; Cantwell, Nicole; Islam, Fareesa; Horvath, Kathy; Jefferson, Angela L.

2011-01-01

17

Aerospace Technology Program Description  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This pdf from the Florida Department of Education describes the aerospace technology program. The document describes the major concepts and content, the laboratory activities, instructor qualifications, intended outcomes, and student performance standards of this program.

2011-08-03

18

Probability (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Program supports research on the theory and applications of probability. Subfields include discrete ... systems, stochastic differential and partial differential equations, and Markov processes. Research ...

19

Aeronomy (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... ionization, recombination, chemical reaction, photo emission, and transport; the transport of energy ... About the Coupling, Energetics, and Dynamics of Atmospheric Regions (CEDAR) Program The CEDAR ...

20

Quality management of Body Donation Program at the University of Padova.  

PubMed

Quality management improvement has become a recent focus of attention in medical education. The program for the donation of bodies and body parts (Body Donation Program) at the University of Padova has recently been subjected to a global quality management standard, the ISO 9001:2008 certification. The aim of the present work is to show how the above standard is useful in enhancing the efficiency of body donation procedures and the quality and output of medical education. The program is managed by means of the following interlinked procedures: the collection of body donations, death certificates, data, and body parts from living donors; the transportation and identification of cadavers; the management of bodies, body parts, equipment, instruments, purchasing of necessary materials, and setting up anatomical training sessions; the management of preventive and corrective actions; the management of documents and registration; the management of internal and external quality audits; and the review of outcomes and improvement planning. Monitoring indicators are identified in the numbers of donors and of donated body parts per year, education sessions, and satisfaction of learners and donors, as evaluated by questionnaires. The process management approach, the integrated involvement of medical, technical, and administrative staff in defining procedures, and the application of monitoring indicators allow quality improvement in all aspects of the Body Donation Program. PMID:22573575

Porzionato, Andrea; Macchi, Veronica; Stecco, Carla; Mazzi, Anna; Rambaldo, Anna; Sarasin, Gloria; Parenti, Anna; Scipioni, Antonio; De Caro, Raffaele

2012-05-09

21

Paleoclimate (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... The annual Earth System History (ESH) competition in global change research provides support for ... for the Paleoclimate Program or the ESH competition. Due Dates Proposals must be submitted by the ...

22

Financing a Voucher Program for Cocaine Abusers through Community Donations in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study analyzed the viability of financing a voucher program for cocaine addicts in Spain through public and private donations. Of the 136 companies contacted, 52 (38%) provided donations. The difference between the benefits (15,670[euros]/$20,371) and the costs (3,734[euros]/$4,854) was 11,936[euros]/$15,517. The type of reinforcer a company…

Garcia-Rodriguez; Olaya; Secades-Villa, Roberto; Higgins, Stephen T.; Fernandez-Hermida, Jose R.; Carballo, Jose L.

2008-01-01

23

The Framingham Brain Donation Program: Neuropathology Along the Cognitive Continuum  

PubMed Central

The Framingham Heart Study has enrolled 3 generations of participants, the Original cohort (Gen 1) enrolled in 1948, the Offspring cohort (Gen 2) enrolled in 1971 and the Third Generation enrolled in 2002. Participants have been undergoing prospective surveillance for incident stroke and dementia and embedded within this cohort is the voluntary Framingham Brain Donation Program that was begun in 1997. Participants who register to become brain donors have had one or more brain MR and cognitive test batteries administered. In addition, they undergo neurological evaluation as indicated, record review and post-mortem next-of-kin interview to determine the presence, type and extent of antemortem, clinical neurological diagnoses and to assign a retrospective Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) Scale score. Between 1997 and 2009 there were 1806 deaths, 186 of which were among registered brain donors and of these 139 brains could be examined. 58% were deemed cognitively normal at death. We present results for 3 projects; the first was to examine the sensitivity and specificity of our clinical diagnosis against the gold standard of pathological AD in 59 persons who underwent detailed cognitive assessment in the two years prior to death; we observed a 77.3% sensitivity (2 persons with AD were diagnosed clinically as Lewy body dementia) and a 91.9% specificity. The second examined the correlation of regional Alzheimer-type pathology to cognitive status at death among 34 persons who were over the age of 75 and without any significant vascular or alternative neurodegenerative pathology and found that neurofibrillary tangle counts distinguished between persons who were controls, had mild cognitive impairment, mild or moderate dementia; tangles in dorsolateral frontal cortex best distinguished MCI and controls. The third project examined the extent and severity of vascular pathology, again in a larger sample of varying cognitive abilities and in a subsample of persons with either amnestic or non-amnestic MCI. We observed that an aggregate ischemic injury score was significantly higher in persons with a CDR score of 0.5 than in normal controls.

Au, Rhoda; Seshadri, Sudha; Knox, Kristen; Beiser, Alexa; Himali, Jayandra J.; Cabral, Howard J.; Auerbach, Sanford; Green, Robert C.; Wolf, Philip A.; McKee, Ann C.

2013-01-01

24

Radioluminescent lighting program description  

SciTech Connect

For more than 30 years the Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor agencies have conducted research and development aimed at beneficial uses of products derived from its nuclear activities. An important and promising element of radiation technology is the Program for Radioluminescent (RL) development. For years simple RL devices, such as aircraft exit signs, have served necessary functions in society. Electrons exciting phosphors and producing light is a fundamental concept to which the layman can immediately relate, while gaining a balanced perspective concerning risk and safety. DOE`s RL lighting development program has advanced the technology with infrared RL markers for helipads which are not detectable without the aid of special viewers. These devices were used to aid in the evacuation of wounded from Grenada. Visible RL airfield lighting has been used to promote aviation safety in remote Eskimo communities in Alaska, and non-electric taxiway signs and markers in the corrosive saline soils of Florida airports. The current plan is to consolidate past accomplishments and develop RL devices and systems using advanced technology for new applications. The potential for improved performance that solid-matrix RL techniques offer has stimulated interest in a variety of innovative applications for which electric lighting has long been the only practical alternative. The program described in this document is intended to provide for an optimum development and application of RL technology while supporting the transfer of this technology to the private sector and providing an institutional perspective from which the longer range applications and ramifications of this technology can be anticipated.

NONE

1987-11-01

25

40 CFR 123.22 - Program description.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Program description. 123.22 Section 123...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS STATE PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS...Submissions § 123.22 Program description. Any State that seeks...under this part shall submit a description of the program it...

2013-07-01

26

76 FR 43256 - Food Distribution Program: Value of Donated Foods From July 1, 2011 Through June 30, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...applicable, cash in lieu of donated foods, to be provided in school year...participating in the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP). DATES: The...Michelle Waters, Program Analyst, Policy Branch, Food Distribution Division, Food...

2011-07-20

27

50 CFR 679.26 - Prohibited Species Donation Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...received under the PSD program...interests relating to the quality of fish...processors, hunger relief agencies...distributors. (x) The number of vessels...distributors participating in the PSD program...claims against the United States and its...

2010-10-01

28

50 CFR 679.26 - Prohibited Species Donation Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...received under the PSD program...interests relating to the quality of fish...processors, hunger relief agencies...distributors. (x) The number of vessels...distributors participating in the PSD program...claims against the United States and its...

2009-10-01

29

Living Donation  

MedlinePLUS

... Living Donation Costs Insurance Legislation Living Donation Living organ donation dates back to 1954, when a kidney from ... a deceased donor. To learn more about living organ donation, choose an option below: Facts Types Being a ...

30

A study of recipient related predictors of success in oocyte donation program  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Oocyte donation is an invaluable therapy for couples with impending or complete ovarian failure. In addition, oocyte donation affords a scientific opportunity to study the unique biologic participation of the uterus in the process of human embryo implantation. AIM: To identify the recipient variables that may have a significant impact on pregnancy outcome in order to optimize results of an oocyte donation program. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: A prospective study conducted from March 1, 2010 to March 31, 2011 at a private tertiary care IVF Clinic. Materials and methods A total of 270 recipients resulting in embryo transfer as a result of oocyte donation were enrolled. Clinical and Ongoing pregnancy rates, Implantation rates were calculated according to different age groups, Endometrial thickness, Indication, Day and number of embryos transferred. Data was evaluated as chi square analyses with comparative significance determined at P <.05. RESULTS: In recipients less than 40 years of age, higher ongoing pregnancy and implantation rates (41.9% and 24.6%) were seen as compared to recipients above 40 years (21.8% and 13.18%) respectively. Pregnancy and implantation rates increased with increasing endometrial thickness but the difference was not statistically significant. A higher ongoing pregnancy rate (40.9% vs.28.8%) and implantation rate (23% vs.19.6%) was demonstrated with Day 3 embryo transfer compared to Day 2 transfer. CONCLUSION: A declining endometrial receptivity may result in lower implantation and pregnancy rates in recipients above the age of 40 years, more pronounced after the age of 45 years. An endometrial thickness of >8 mm is considered ideal before transfer. Transfer of two selected embryos on day 3 yields a favorable pregnancy outcome with reduced multiple pregnancy rates. Recipient's age above 45 years has negative impact on pregnancy outcome whereas embryo transfers on Day 3 yields better pregnancy

Gupta, Pooja; Banker, Manish; Patel, Pravin; Joshi, Bhart

2012-01-01

31

Process evaluation of a school-based education program about organ donation and registration, and the intention for continuance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the process evaluation of an organ donation education program for high school students aged 15-18 years of which the effectiveness was established. The program consisted of three components: a video with group discussion, an interactive computer- tailored program and a registration training session. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 50 teachers who had recently worked with the

A. Reubsaet; E. B. M. Reinaerts; J. Brug; J. P. van Hooff; H. W. van den Borne

2004-01-01

32

Process Evaluation of a School-Based Education Program about Organ Donation and Registration, and the Intention for Continuance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the process evaluation of an organ donation education program for high school students aged 15-18 years of which the effectiveness was established. The program consisted of three components: a video with group discussion, an interactive computer-tailored program and a registration training session. A cross-sectional survey…

Reubsaet, A.; Reinaerts, E. B. M.; Brug, J.; van Hooff, J. P.; van den Borne, H. W.

2004-01-01

33

Effects of men and recipients' age on the reproductive outcome of an oocyte donation program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of men and\\u000a recipient age on the reproductive outcome of our oocyte donation\\u000a program.\\u000a We retrospectively analyzed 915 cycles, taking into account men and\\u000a recipient age, separately and together.\\u000a The significant cut off value for men and recipients age with incidence\\u000a in the reproductive outcome was 39 years. Recipient older

Inmaculada Campos; Emilio Gomez; Ana Lucia Fernandez-Valencia; Jose Landeras; Rafaela Gonzalez; Pilar Coy; Joaquin Gadea

2008-01-01

34

Description of an oscillating flow test program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A description of the University of Minnesota Oscillating Flow Test Program is presented. The rationale for isolating the oscillating flow effect for separate study, the objectives of the test program, and the program design criteria are presented along with a description of the test facility and the test plan. The program test domain covers almost the entire operating domain of Stirling engine heat exchangers expressed in terms of the appropriate dimensionless parameters. Phenomena important to Stirling engine performance which are not simulated in the test program are also discussed. Computer analysis results are used to predict apparatus performance.

Seume, J. R.; Goldberg, L. F.; Simon, T. W.

35

15 CFR 291.1 - Program description.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS MANUFACTURING EXTENSION...PROJECTS § 291.1 Program description...provided by NIST often in cooperation with the EPA...application under this program must not exceed the...proposal must contain both technical and cost...

2013-01-01

36

The Freshman Writing Program: A Descriptive Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To describe the largest division in the University of California (Los Angeles) writing program, this report focuses on placement and testing procedures, curricular principles, course descriptions and goals, and staffing concerns. The first part of the report discusses the components of the Freshman Writing Program--including the English…

Rose, Mike

37

Blood Donation Process  

MedlinePLUS

Home > Donating Blood > Donation Process Printable Version Donation Process View Video Getting Ready for Your Donation The ... worry about. Make a Donation Appointment The Donation Process Step by Step Donating blood is a simple ...

38

Organ Donation  

MedlinePLUS

Organ donation takes healthy organs and tissues from one person for transplantation into another. Experts say that the ... lungs Skin Bone and bone marrow Cornea Most organ and tissue donations occur after the donor has died. But some ...

39

40 CFR 233.11 - Program description.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of the United States within a State over which the State assumes jurisdiction under the...description of the waters of the United States within a State over which the...to program approval; and a comparison of the State and Federal...

2013-07-01

40

"1st Reads" Program Aims to Improve Book Donations and Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many people donate books to libraries, but too often they are titles that the librarians cannot use because they are usually too old, too passe, or too tattered and worn to be added to the library collection, and so they end up in library sales. Librarians in Riverside County, California and members of the Library Systems & Services, LLC (LSSI)…

Coffman, Steve

2006-01-01

41

"1st Reads" Program Aims to Improve Book Donations and Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many people donate books to libraries, but too often they are titles that the librarians cannot use because they are usually too old, too passe, or too tattered and worn to be added to the library collection, and so they end up in library sales. Librarians in Riverside County, California and members of the Library Systems & Services, LLC (LSSI)…

Coffman, Steve

2006-01-01

42

47 CFR 79.3 - Video description of video programming.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Telecommunication 4 2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Video description of video programming. 79.3 Section 79.3 Telecommunication... BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES CLOSED CAPTIONING AND VIDEO DESCRIPTION OF VIDEO PROGRAMMING § 79.3...

2009-10-01

43

47 CFR 79.3 - Video description of video programming.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Video description of video programming. 79.3 Section 79.3 Telecommunication... BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES CLOSED CAPTIONING AND VIDEO DESCRIPTION OF VIDEO PROGRAMMING § 79.3...

2010-10-01

44

1 CFR 20.4 - Description of program activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...TRANSMITTAL, AND PROCESSING OF DOCUMENTS HANDLING OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL STATEMENTS § 20.4 Description of program activities. (a) Descriptions should clearly state the public purposes that the agency serves,...

2013-01-01

45

1 CFR 20.4 - Description of program activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...TRANSMITTAL, AND PROCESSING OF DOCUMENTS HANDLING OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL STATEMENTS § 20.4 Description of program activities. (a) Descriptions should clearly state the public purposes that the agency serves,...

2012-01-01

46

Types of Blood Donations  

MedlinePLUS

... Double Red Cell Plasma Platelets Red Cells What blood donation type is best for me? **If you do not ... blood type, a whole blood donation is recommended** Blood Donation Types: Volunteer Donations The standard or most common type ...

47

Ocean Technology and Interdisciplinary Coordination (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Ocean Technology and Interdisciplinary Coordination Description The Oceanographic Technology and ... supports a broad range of research and technology development activities. Unsolicited proposals are ...

48

Systematic Biology and Biodiversity Inventories (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Biology Systematic Biology and Biodiversity Inventories Description The Systematic Biology and ... Sharing is not required. Proposal Review Information Merit Review Criteria: National Science Board ...

49

Oocyte donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oocyte donation affords women with ovarian failure, advanced reproductive age, heritable conditions or recurrent implantation failure the ability to conceive. Recipients must be medically screened carefully prior to attempting pregnancy. Egg donors should also be healthy and pose no infectious or genetic risk to the recipient or offspring. Donor and recipient menstrual cycles are synchronized so that embryos are transferred

Jeffrey Klein

2002-01-01

50

NCI/CPFP - 2010 Application Catalog - Program Description  

Cancer.gov

Skip navigation. Table of Contents Director's Message Staff Profiles Program Description Program Information Guidelines for Application Preceptorships Bibliography Post-Fellowship Employment Life Outside the NCI Previous Page | Next Page Application

51

Supervisor Effectiveness Training Program: Description and Curriculum.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is a description, curriculum, instructor's guide, and lessons for the supervisor effectiveness training (SET) to enhance airport security. Previous research indicated that checkpoint security supervisory personnel were lacking in communicati...

R. J. Cammaroto E. Cunningham

1996-01-01

52

Urban Rail Noise Abatement Program: A Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the background, current activities, and future plans for the Urban Rail Noise Abatement Program. This program, sponsored by the Office of Technology Development and Deployment of the Urban Mass Transportation Administration (UMTA) was...

L. G. Kurzweil W. N. Cobb

1979-01-01

53

5 CFR 630.1104 - Donations from a leave bank to an emergency leave transfer program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...a leave bank to an emergency leave transfer program. 630.1104 Section 630.1104 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT...ABSENCE AND LEAVE Emergency Leave Transfer Program § 630.1104...

2013-01-01

54

Systematic Biology and Biodiversity Inventories (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... br/> Division of Environmental BiologySystematic Biology and Biodiversity Inventories CONTACTS ... panel review in late spring. See additional information THIS PROGRAM IS PART OF Systematic Biology ...

55

Marine Geology and Geophysics (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Bilal U. Haq Program Director Rm. 725 N Phone: (703) 292-8581, Fax: (703) 292-9085, Email: bhaq@nsf ... 725 N Phone: (703) 292-8581, Fax: (703) 292-9085, Email: depp@nsf.gov Barbara Ransom Program ...

56

Concurrent logic programming as a hardware description tool  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the possibility of developing hardware description languages (HDL's) based on the principles of logic programming. The specific logic programming language used to demonstrate this possibility is Flat Concurrent Prolog (FCP). It is shown explicitly how FCP naturally satisfies the commonly accepted fundamental requirements of a hardware description language. It is then demonstrated how FCP overcomes known disadvantages of the highly acclaimed VHDL. Some other parallel logic programming languages beside FCP are also presented briefly and the possibility of using them for hardware description is discussed.

Dotan, Y.; Arazi, B. (Ben-Gurion Univ. of the Negev, Beersheba (Israel). Dept. of Chemical Engineering)

1990-01-01

57

42 CFR 430.0 - Program description.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...medical assistance to low-income persons who are age 65 or over, blind, disabled, or members of families with dependent children or qualified pregnant women or children. The program is jointly financed by the Federal and State governments...

2012-10-01

58

VLFACM program description and operational manual  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

VLFACM is a FORTRAN computer program which can compute signal or noise-field strengths and signal-to-noise, signal-to-jam, or signal-to-jam-plus-noise ratios in the 14- to 3-kHz frequency range. Additional postprocessing programs exist which can plot VLFACM results in the form of rectangular or polar contour maps, field strength versus distance plots, or diurnal plots.

Hauser, J. P.; Rhoads, F. J.; Kelly, F. J.

1981-11-01

59

40 CFR 66.2 - Program description.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...COLLECTION OF NONCOMPLIANCE PENALTIES BY EPA Purpose and Scope § 66.2 Program...This part sets forth the procedures by which EPA will administer the noncompliance...such an exemption. Subpart F states how EPA will review penalties calculated by...

2011-07-01

60

Ammunition Truck Loading Program. Part 1. Program Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An interactive computer-based program is described by which Army Ammunition Supply Point Office personnel interact with a computer program and an ammunition data base to rapidly develop truck load configurations for ammunition resupply convoys. Program da...

G. L. Herald

1982-01-01

61

41 CFR 101-29.221 - Federal Specifications, Standards and Commercial Item Description Program (Federal...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Commercial Item Description Program...29-FEDERAL PRODUCT DESCRIPTIONS 29.2-Definitions § 101-29...Commercial Item Description Program...Program is a standardization...authority of the Federal...maintenance of product...

2012-07-01

62

Addressing program fidelity using onsite observations and program provider descriptions of program delivery.  

PubMed

Over the past quarter-century, evaluation researchers have recognized the importance of documenting implementation practices of programs as they are transferred from controlled to real-world settings. As programs become widely disseminated in the general population, there is a tendency for practitioners to alter programs in a manner more conducive to their immediate needs, which may adversely affect program outcomes. The current paper uses findings from an ongoing evaluation of a school-based victimization prevention program to highlight some of the difficulties in maintaining a high degree of fidelity when providing prevention programming in a school-based setting. The results, based on observations of program delivery and program provider descriptions of implementation, allow for the examination of fidelity based on different data collection techniques. PMID:17093106

Melde, Chris; Esbensen, Finn-Aage; Tusinski, Karin

2006-12-01

63

1981-1985 Research and Development Program Plan: Program Descriptions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This program plan is one of three planning documents published annually by the Electric Power Research Institute. The 40 programs described are organized in accordance with the Institute's technical divisions: Coal Combustion Systems, Nuclear Power, Elect...

1981-01-01

64

Instructions for Servicing and Operation of the VODRZ Program. Part 1: Algorithmic Description of the Vodrz Program. Part 2: Technical Description 1., Technical Description 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Instructions for using the VODRZ (secondary processing of rocket probe data) program are given. Included are descriptions of the initial data, radar and telemetry data, primarily on altitudes temperatures and pressures, the algorithms used in processing t...

1976-01-01

65

Kidney paired donation.  

PubMed

Kidney paired donation (KPD) was first suggested in 1986, but it was not until 2000 when the first paired donation transplant was performed in the USA. In the past decade, KPD has become the fastest growing source of transplantable kidneys, overcoming the barrier faced by living donors deemed incompatible with their intended recipients. This review provides a basic overview of the concepts and challenges faced by KPD as we prepare for a national pilot program with the United Network for Organ Sharing. Several different algorithms have been creatively implemented in the USA and elsewhere to transplant paired donors, each method uniquely contributing to the success of KPD. As the paired donor pool grows, the problem of determining allocation strategies that maximize equity and utility will become increasingly important as the transplant community seeks to balance quality and quantity in choosing the best matches. Financing for paired donation is a major issue, as philanthropy alone cannot support the emerging national system. We also discuss the advent of altruistic or non-directed donors in KPD, and the important role of chains in addition to exchanges. This review is designed to provide insight into the challenges that face the emerging national KPD system in the USA, now 5 years into its development. PMID:21454351

Wallis, C Bradley; Samy, Kannan P; Roth, Alvin E; Rees, Michael A

2011-03-31

66

DOE-RL Integrated Safety Management System Program Description  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) Program Description (PD) is to describe the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office (RL) ISMS as implemented through the RL Integrated Management System (RIMS). This PD does not impose additional requirements but rather provides an overview describing how various parts of the ISMS fit together. Specific requirements for each of the core functions and guiding principles are established in other implementing processes, procedures, and program descriptions that comprise RIMS. RL is organized to conduct work through operating contracts; therefore, it is extremely difficult to provide an adequate ISMS description that only addresses RL functions. Of necessity, this PD contains some information on contractor processes and procedures which then require RL approval or oversight.

SHOOP, D.S.

2000-06-29

67

A survey of semantic description frameworks for programming languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Formal semantic description is significant for design, reasoning and standardization of programming languages, and it plays an important part in the optimization of the compiler. However, compared to the amount of effort that has been made to the research of various semantic frameworks over more than forty years, their actual applications are definitely frustrating. This survey reviews the history of

Yingzhou Zhang; Baowen Xu

2004-01-01

68

A Descriptive Study of Urban School Counseling Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A descriptive study was implemented to determine how urban school counselors adhere to the Gysbers and Henderson (2000) and Myrick (1993) models of school counseling programs. One hundred and two counselors in six urban centers (New York; Newark, NJ; Philadelphia; Washington, DC; Trenton, NJ," and Baltimore) completed the Urban School Counselor…

Holcomb-McCoy, Cheryl; Mitchell, Natasha

2005-01-01

69

AutoBayes Program Synthesis System: System Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

AUTOBAYES is a fully automatic program synthesis system for the statistical data analysis domain. Its input is a concise description of a data analysis problem in the form of a statistical model; its output is optimized and fully documented C/C++ code whi...

B. Fischer T. Pressburger G. Rosu J. Schumann

2001-01-01

70

Perioperative autologous blood donation in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autologous blood donation in children has become a standard of care. Children have to live with the life-time complications associated with allogeneic blood including the transmission of known and unknown pathogens, and the impact of alloimmunization on future blood transfusions, organ transplants and pregnancies. Donor reaction, allogeneic exposure and utilization rates in pediatric preoperative autologous donation (PAD) programs are as

Kimmo T. T. Murto; William M. Splinter

1999-01-01

71

[Blood donation in urban areas].  

PubMed

Medical and technical developments increase the difficulty to provide sufficient safe blood for all patients in developed countries and their sociodemographic and societal changes. Sufficient national blood supply remains a reached, however still actual, challenge. Tomorrow is prepared today: the management of blood donation programs both in line with these developments and with social marketing strategies is one of the keys to success. If the main components of this organization are well known (mobile blood drives in various appropriate environments, and permanent blood donation centers) their proportions in the whole process must evolve and their contents require adaptations, especially for whole blood donation in urban areas. We have to focus on the people's way of life changes related to increasing urbanization of the society and prominent position taken by very large cities. This requires targeting several goals: to draw the attention of the potential blood-giving candidate, to get into position to collect him when he will decide it, to give meaning and recognition to his "sacrifice" (give time rather than donate blood) and to give him desire and opportunity to come back and donate one more time. In this strategy, permanent blood centers in urban areas have significant potential for whole blood collection, highlighted by the decrease of apheresis technology requirements. This potential requires profound changes in their location, conception and organization. The concept of Maison Du Don (MDD) reflects these changes. PMID:23597586

Charpentier, F

2013-04-15

72

Organ Donation: A Dilemma for Black Americans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This program addresses specific concerns of the black community concerning organ donation/transplanation. It also stresses the need for increased participation from blacks. Key black medical professionals address the issues related to prolonged survival o...

1994-01-01

73

Case management services for adolescent substance abusers: a program description.  

PubMed

A case management model for adolescent substance abusers whose problems are severe enough to warrant residential treatment is presented, based on the experience of a demonstration project. The five integral functions of case management (assessment, planning, linking, advocacy, and support) are described within the framework of each phase of an adolescent's treatment program (screening, residential treatment, and continuing care). Detailed descriptions of case management activities and the philosophy underlying case management are addressed. The integrated client tracking and program evaluation monitoring system developed for the case management project is described, and evaluation data are presented. Among the advantages case managers are able to offer to the entire treatment process include encouragement of family involvement in the youth's recovery; providing support; tracking substance abuse relapse episodes following treatment; connecting the youth with school, work, and community resources; and helping youth to fulfill legal obligations. PMID:7966501

Godley, S H; Godley, M D; Pratt, A; Wallace, J L

74

Guidelines for drug donations.  

PubMed Central

Drug donations are usually given in response to acute emergencies, but they can also be part of development aid. Donations may be given directly by governments, by non-governmental organisations, as corporate donations (direct or through private voluntary organisations), or as private donations to single health facilities. Although there are legitimate differences between these donations, basic rules should apply to them all. This common core of "good donation practice" is the basis for new guidelines which have recently been issued by the World Health Organisation after consultation with all relevant United Nations agencies, the Red Cross, and other major international agencies active in humanitarian emergency relief. This article summarises the need for such guidelines, the development process, the core principles, and the guidelines themselves and gives practical advice to recipients and donor agencies.

Hogerzeil, H. V.; Couper, M. R.; Gray, R.

1997-01-01

75

Environmental Program Description for the Tank Farm Contractor  

SciTech Connect

This Environmental Program Description has been developed in support of the Integrated Environmental, Safety, and Health Management System and consistent with the goals of DOE/RL-96-50, Hanford Strategic Plan. This Environmental Program Plan was developed in support of the Integrated Environment, Safety, and Health Management System Description for the Tank Farm Contractor (ISMS) (RPP-MP-003), which establishes a single, defined environmental, safety, and health management system that integrates requirements into the work planning and execution processes to protect workers, the public, and the environment. The ISMS also provides mechanisms for increasing worker involvement in work planning, including hazard and environmental impact identification, analysis, and control; work execution; and feedback/improvement processes. The ISMS plan consists of five core functions. Each section of this plan describes the activities (formerly known as the Tank Waste Remediation System) of the Tank Farm Contractor (TFC) environmental organization according to the following core functions: Establish Environmental Policy and Define Work Scope; Identify Hazards, Environmental Impacts, and Requirements; Analyze Hazards and Environmental Impacts and Implement Controls; Provide Feedback and Continuous Improvement; and Perform Work within Controls.

POWELL, P.A.

2000-04-20

76

Innovations in organ donation.  

PubMed

The growing disparity between organ availability for transplantation and the number of patients in need has challenged the donation and transplantation community of practice to develop innovative processes, ideas, and techniques to bridge the gaps. Advances in the sharing of best practices in the donation community have contributed greatly over the last 8 years. Broader sharing of updated guidelines for declaration of brain death in conjunction with improvements in deceased donor management have increased opportunities for organ donation. New techniques for organ preservation and organ resuscitation have allowed for better utilization of the potential donor pool. This review will highlight processes, ideas, and techniques in organ donation. PMID:22678859

Goldstein, Michael J; Lubezky, Nir; Yushkov, Yuriy; Bae, Coney; Guarrera, James V

77

Blood donor satisfaction and intention of future donation  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND New regulatory requirements for donor eligibility challenge blood centers to recruit and retain enough donors. This study evaluated correlations between overall satisfaction with the donation process and donor demographics and the effect of both on a donor’s intent to return. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS An anonymous, self-administered questionnaire was given to donors at multiple sites of one blood center over a 3-week period. First-time and repeat donors were asked questions on demographic characteristics, satisfaction with the current donation process, motivation for current and future donations, and intent to return. RESULTS More than 75 percent of donors rated the overall donation process at 9 or 10 on a scale of 10 (mean, 9.19; standard deviation, 1.09), with female, high school–educated, and first-time donors giving higher satisfaction ratings than male, college-educated, and repeat donors, respectively (all p < 0.001). Donor satisfaction was correlated with intent to return for another donation (p = 0.002). For the current donation, donors rated altruistic motivations most highly. Medical testing was the most highly rated incentive for future donations, followed by frequent donor programs and convenient donation times and locations; preferences varied by demographic subgroup. CONCLUSIONS Blood donor satisfaction varies among demographic and donation history subgroups and is positively correlated with the intent to return for future donation. Although the primary motivation among all donors was altruism, incentives to future donation may need to be tailored according to demographic subgroups.

Nguyen, Dorothy D.; DeVita, Deborah A.; Hirschler, Nora V.; Murphy, Edward L.

2010-01-01

78

75 FR 41795 - Food Distribution Program: Value of Donated Foods From July 1, 2010 Through June 30, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...participating in the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP). DATES: The...Program Analyst, Policy Branch, Food Distribution Division, Food and Nutrition Service, U.S...intergovernmental consultation with State and local officials. (See 7 CFR part...

2010-07-19

79

77 FR 43231 - Food Distribution Program: Value of Donated Foods From July 1, 2012 Through June 30, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...participating in the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP). DATES: The...Program Analyst, Policy Branch, Food Distribution Division, Food and Nutrition Service, U.S...intergovernmental consultation with State and local officials. (See 7 CFR part...

2012-07-24

80

78 FR 45178 - Food Distribution Program: Value of Donated Foods From July 1, 2013 Through June 30, 2014  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...participating in the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP). DATES: Effective...Program Analyst, Policy Branch, Food Distribution Division, Food and Nutrition Service, U.S...intergovernmental consultation with State and local officials. (See 7 CFR part...

2013-07-26

81

41 CFR 102-37.535 - What information must FAA provide to GSA on its administration of the public airport donation...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...administration of the public airport donation program...Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION PERSONAL...Donations to Public Airports §...

2009-07-01

82

41 CFR 102-37.535 - What information must FAA provide to GSA on its administration of the public airport donation...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...administration of the public airport donation program...Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION PERSONAL...Donations to Public Airports §...

2010-07-01

83

41 CFR 102-37.535 - What information must FAA provide to GSA on its administration of the public airport donation...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...administration of the public airport donation program...Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION PERSONAL...Donations to Public Airports §...

2013-01-01

84

47 CFR 79.3 - Video description of video programming.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...including consumer-generated media. (5) Video programming...programming distributor. (8) Children's Programming. Television programming directed at children 16 years of age and under...during prime time or on children's programming,...

2012-10-01

85

Relationship between first-year blood donation, return rate for subsequent donation and demographic characteristics  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to determine any relationships between return rates of first-time donors, number of donations in the first year and the donors’ demographic characteristics. Materials and methods. Data from 1,500 volunteer, first-time donors who donated blood at Shiraz Blood Transfusion Centre (Iran) were obtained from the donor database. The donors’ demographic characteristics (sex, age, educational status) and donation histories were obtained for a 3-year period and the number of donations and interval between the first donation and the following donation within a 1-year period were recorded. We searched for correlations between return rate and demographic characteristics and the number of donations in the first, second and third years. The data were analysed with the chi-squared test, multiple logistic regression and Spearman’s correlation tests. P values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results More than half of the first-time donors returned to donate again (n=776, 51.7%) during the 3 years after the first donation. The mean number of donations in the whole 3-year period was 0.69±0.49, while it was 1.33±0.62 (median 1) in the first year, 0.4±0.7 (median 0) in the second, and 0.3±0.65 (median 0) in the third year. The return rate was directly correlated with the number of donations in the first year (r=0.74, P<0.001). The return rate increased as the interval between the first and second donations decreased (P<0.05, OR=1.03). The return rate was higher for male donors and single donors (P<0.05), but was not related to age or educational level (P>0.05). Discussion. In this study 51.7% of first-time donors returned to donate again, a high figure indicating the success of our recruitment strategy. Understanding the importance of the number of donations in the first year for donors’ return rate and planning recruitment programs and more effective measures to encourage donors in the first year may help to increase return rates.

Kasraian, Leila; Tavassoli, Alireza

2012-01-01

86

Donate Life America  

MedlinePLUS

... Donate Life. Register as an Organ, Eye and Tissue Donor Today. Contribute Support Support Our Work Now by ... sight. Register to be an organ, eye and tissue donor today and provide hope to those who wait.

87

The decision to donate.  

PubMed

This country's critical shortage of transplantable organs leads to the deaths of more than 4,000 patients awaiting transplants every year, which amounts to 12 or 13 deaths per day. While the potential number of organ donors in the United States ranges from 8,000 to 15,000 each year and numbers indicate that most people support the idea of organ donation, only about 5,500 deaths in the United States result in organ donation annually. PMID:11569282

Brown, J M

88

Determination of Earthquake Focal Mechanism. Description of Six Computer Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Six computer programs were developed by several investigators in order to determine the focal mechanism of an earthquake. These programs were rewritten for the Burroughs B6700. The programs are briefly described, especially for the users of the programs. ...

T. Decrook

1976-01-01

89

78 FR 40421 - Inquiry Regarding Video Description in Video Programming Distributed on Television and on the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...in Video Programming Distributed on Television and on the Internet AGENCY: Federal...programming that is delivered via both television and the Internet. The comments received...and costs of video description on television and Internet- provided video...

2013-07-05

90

NCI/CPFP - 2010 Application Catalog - Program Description - Additional Research Opportunities  

Cancer.gov

Skip navigation. Table of Contents Director's Message Staff Profiles Program Description Program Information Guidelines for Application Preceptorships Bibliography Post-Fellowship Employment Life Outside the NCI Previous Page | Next Page Application

91

Geological formation: Drill string dynamic interaction finite element program (GEODYN2). Phase 2, Theoretical description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Theoretical Description for the GEODYN2 Interactive Finite Element Computer Program is presented. The program is capable of performing the analysis of the three-dimensional transient dynamic response of a Polycrystalline Diamond Compact Bit-BHA finite...

J. A. Baird M. C. Apostal D. N. Wormley

1989-01-01

92

Aircraft Hydraulic System Dynamic Analysis. Volume IV. Frequency Response (HSFR) Computer Program Technical Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The hydraulic system frequency response (HSFR) computer program was developed to simulate the dynamic response of a hydraulic system to the acoustic noise generated by the pump. A detailed technical description of the program is presented. For a selected ...

G. Amies B. Greene

1977-01-01

93

Brief Description of SOLSYS: Energy System Simulation Computer Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Program (SOLSYS) is used primarily to simulate the transient performance of solar energy systems. The program consists of a component subroutine library, an information subroutine library, a control-component subroutine library, and an executive program. ...

M. W. Edenburn N. R. Grandjean

1975-01-01

94

Body Donation in India: Social Awareness, Willingness, and Associated Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the attendant rise of the number of medical colleges in India over past few decades, the demand for cadavers used in medical education and research is growing. However, there is an insufficient supply of donated cadavers available for dissection. This study was undertaken to assess the general population's awareness of body donation programs

Rokade, Shrikant A.; Gaikawad, Anjana P.

2012-01-01

95

[HTLV and "donating" milk].  

PubMed

In France, the screening for human T-cell leukemia/ lymphoma virus type 1 and 2 (HTLV-1 and HTLV-2) during the donation of human milk has been carried out from 1992 with the application of the circular DGS 24 November 1992. The screening for antibodies against these viruses is regulated and done systematically during every donation of milk. Breast feeding being the main mode of transmission of the HTLV-1, the last ministerial decree of 25 August 2010 has made the screening test compulsory for the anonymous donation and for the personalized donation (of a mother for her own child) from all women including those affected by the infection. The milk delivered by milk banks is pasteurized (62.5 °C for 30 minutes) before freezing at -18 °C, which inactivates the pathogens. This double means of prevention of the transmission of the HTLV-1 paradoxically seems disproportionate in the absence of any precautionary measure in the case of direct breast-feeding and the use of mother's raw milk. Indeed, in most neonatal intensive care units in maternity hospitals, unpasteurized milk is administered to the neonates without any systematic preliminary testing of the serological HTLV-1 status of the mother. An increased sensitization of the community of the obstetricians, midwives and neonatologists by the Association of the Milk Banks of France (ADLF) and the Société de pathologie exotique could address the issue of screening for HTLV-1 in "donated" milk and breast-feeding. PMID:21638200

Rigourd, V; Meyer, V; Kieffer, F; Aubry, S; Magny, J-F

2011-06-03

96

Organ donation: when should we consider intestinal donation.  

PubMed

Although more than 2300 intestinal transplantations (IT) have been performed worldwide, a description of intestinal donor criteria is still missing. This causes confusion among transplant coordinators, OPOs, physicians at intensive care unit and transplant surgeons. A Med-line search looking for publications about donor criteria or donor selection in human IT was performed in December 2011. Retrospective analysis of 39 deceased donors from whom, in the period January 2006-December 2011, 20 isolated intestinal grafts and 19 multivisceral grafts were recovered and successfully transplanted. Review of the Literature: Among 3504 publications about IT, no study reported specifically about intestinal donor profile. The most commonly cited donor criterion was age, while all other criteria were inconsistently discussed. Based on the collected data, we suggest following inclusion criteria for donation of IT grafts: age 0-50?years, ICU-stay <1?week, no blunt abdominal trauma, most recent Sodium <155?mmol/l, no severe ongoing transfusion requirements, standard donor therapy including early enteral nutrition and a compatible donor-recipient size match. By providing simple criteria for intestinal donation from deceased donor, we may help to properly utilize the limited donor pool. PMID:22994541

Fischer-Fröhlich, Carl-Ludwig; Königsrainer, Alfred; Schaffer, Randolph; Schaub, Franz; Pratschke, Johann; Pascher, Andreas; Steurer, Wolfgang; Nadalin, Silvio

2012-09-21

97

Distinctiveness and Influence of Subjective Norms, Personal Descriptive and Injunctive Norms, and Societal Descriptive and Injunctive Norms on Behavioral Intent: A Case of Two Behaviors Critical to Organ Donation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The effects of the attitudinal, normative, and perceived behavioral control (PBC) components of the theory of planned behavior and personal- and societal-level descriptive and injunctive norms were investigated with regard to their impact on the intent to enroll on a state organ-donor registry and the intent to engage in family discussion about…

Park, Hee Sun; Smith, Sandi W.

2007-01-01

98

Attitudes toward egg donation of thirty-four infertile women who donated during their in vitro fertilization treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The attitudes of anonymous infertile egg donors treated on an in vitro fertilization program toward the donation, the recipient, the potential children conceived, and the recording of information were explored by posted questionnaire. All donations were made for altruistic reasons and payment of eggs was not expected or given. The majority of donors (91%) wished to withhold their names from

John Leeton; Jayne Harman

1986-01-01

99

Geochemical engineering problem identification and program description. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Geochemical Engineering Program has as its goal the improvement of geochemical fluid management techniques. This document presents the strategy and status of the Geochemical Engineering Program. The magnitude and scope of geochemical-related problems constraining geothermal industry productivity are described. The goals and objectives of the DGE Geochemical Engineering Program are defined. The rationale and strategy of the program are described. The structure, priorities, funding, and management of specific elements within the program are delineated, and the status of the overall program is presented.

Crane, C.H.; Kenkeremath, D.C.

1981-05-01

100

40 CFR 281.21 - Description of state program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVAL OF STATE UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANK PROGRAMS Components of a Program Application...with Indian tribes relevant to the regulation of underground storage tanks. (b) The organization and structure...

2013-07-01

101

Brief description of SOLSYS: Energy system simulation computer program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Program (SOLSYS) is used primarily to simulate the transient performance of solar energy systems. The program consists of a component subroutine library, an information subroutine library, a control-component subroutine library, and an executive program. Component subroutines model the performance of fluid-handling components which can be connected to construct almost any desired energy system. The component subroutine library presently contains 21

M. W. Edenburn; N. R. Grandjean

1975-01-01

102

RSAT Programs for Young Offenders in California: A Descriptive Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study sought to identify drug treatment issues unique to corrections-based residential drug treatment programs for youthful offenders. Based upon qualitative data collected from program administrators and wards at three institution-based substance abuse treatment programs in California, four themes were identified which hold important…

Hegamin, Angela; Farabee, David

2003-01-01

103

World Perspective Case Descriptions on Educational Programs for Adults: India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four adult education programs being conducted in India are described in the case studies in this packet. Two of the projects involve literacy; the third promotes literacy as one part of its community development program, and the fourth trains workers in hotel management and catering technology. The literacy programs are (1) development of a…

Jayagopal, R.; Burns, E. P.

104

Transplantation: Pediatric kidney donation after cardiac death.  

PubMed

A Dutch study has evaluated the outcomes after transplantation of kidneys from pediatric patients after cardiac death. Such programs instigate ethical debate regarding the classification of donors, and raise questions about the suitability of protocols for determining when an individual can be declared dead, and thus, can donate their organs. PMID:20585315

Sung, Randall S

2010-07-01

105

Donation FAQs (Bone and Tissue Allografts)  

MedlinePLUS

... Are there any objections to donation based on religious belief? Who donates bone and tissue allografts? The ... Are there any objections to donation based on religious belief? Organ and tissue donation is an accepted ...

106

Spirituality and post-graduate students' attitudes towards blood donation.  

PubMed

College students have become more representative as blood donors, mainly to help other people. This study ascertained the association between spirituality and adherence or intention to donate blood in post-graduate students. In this quantitative and cross-sectional study, participants were 281 students from a post-graduate programme at a Brazilian public university. After complying with ethical requirements, data were collected through a questionnaire for sociodemographic characterization and identification of blood donation practices, followed by the Spiritual Well-Being Scale. Descriptive statistics and parametric tests were used for data analysis. A total of 74% of the participants were female and 26% were male. Previous experience and/or intention to donate blood were found in 75.3%; 14.3% donated blood periodically. In addition, 12.2% were not adept to donation and 12.5% were inapt. Spiritual Well-Being scores were similar between individuals who are not adept and those who donate periodically. In conclusion, in the sample, spirituality and blood donation are not associated, but spiritual well-being and gender are. To enhance blood donation, further research is needed. PMID:23361148

Almeida, Rodrigo G S; Martinez, Edson Z; Mazzo, Alessandra; Trevizan, Maria A; Mendes, Isabel A C

2013-01-29

107

Tough Fight for Donations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|National trends in private support of colleges and universities indicate increased giving, but at rates barely above inflation. Data are presented on trustee gifts, dollar totals and averages by institution type in 1991-92 and 1992-93, and top 20 institutions in total giving, alumni donations, total giving per student, and alumni giving per…

Nicklin, Julie L.

1994-01-01

108

Organ and Tissue Donation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Directive establishes the Department of Defense (DoD) policy and procedures under 8A Uniform Laws Annotated 30, 'Uniform Anatomical Gift Act,' 1968 and Public Law 98-507, 'National Organ Transplant Act,' October 19, 1984, for donating and procuring fu...

D. Mapes

1987-01-01

109

Organ donation and Hispanic american high school students: attitudes, beliefs, perceptions, and intent to donate.  

PubMed

The growing need for transplantable organs continues to outpace supply. This discrepancy is most pronounced in minority populations. Hispanic Americans, however, are significantly less likely to donate their organs for reasons that remain poorly understood. We sought to identify factors that influence Hispanic American high school students' intent to donate organs. A prospective observational study was conducted in five Los Angeles high schools within four separate zip codes known for a high percentage of Hispanic Americans. High school students, ages 15 to 20 years, were surveyed to assess demographic factors, cultural factors, awareness and knowledge, perception, and belief regarding organ donation and the intent to donate. A total of 5444 surveys were collected over a 4-month period. After logistic regression analysis, independent risk factors for predicting the intent to donate were: family support, 11th and 12th grade high school students, being female, religion, and the belief that Hispanics are more likely to need an organ transplant. This study represents the largest study to date examining factors associated with the intent to donate in Hispanic American high school students. To address the organ shortage crisis in Hispanic Americans, these risk factors should be considered using specific, effective educational programs. PMID:22369823

Berry, Cherisse; Salim, Ali; Ley, Eric J; Schulman, Danielle; Anderson, Jacqui; Navarro, Sonia; Zheng, Ling; Chan, Linda S

2012-02-01

110

Morning Report in Family Medicine Residency Programs: A Descriptive Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Morning Report (MR) is a frequently held case conference in most Family Medicine (FM) residency programs among medical learners who discuss recent inpatient admissions before the day's care of patients. This study conducted a national survey of FM residency program directors to describe the roles of faculty and residents in facilitating MR.…

Kuncharapu, Indumathi; Cass, Alvah R.; Carlson, Carol A.; Scott, Jack R.

111

World Perspective Case Descriptions on Educational Programs for Adults: Italy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nine adult education programs being conducted in Italy are described in the case studies in this packet. The courses range from adult basic education to continuing education courses in languages and management. Most are described in connection with the area of the country in which they are offered. The following programs are profiled: (1) public…

Federighi, Paolo; And Others

112

World Perspective Case Descriptions on Educational Programs for Adults: Ireland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fifteen adult education programs being conducted in Ireland are described in the case studies in this packet. The courses range from adult basic education to university degree courses in management and industrial relations, from marriage preparation to inservice teacher education. The following programs are profiled: (1) certificate in farming…

Hassett, Michael; And Others

113

Geological formation - drill string dynamic interaction finite-element program (GEODYN). Phase 1. Theoretical description  

SciTech Connect

The Theoretical Description for the GEODYN interactive finite-element computer program is presented. The program is capable of performing the analysis of the three-dimensional transient dynamic response of a Polycrystalline Diamond Compact Bit-Bit Sub arising from the intermittent contact of the bit with the downhole rock formations. The program accommodates nonlinear, time-dependent, loading and boundary conditions.

Baird, J.A.; Apostal, M.C.; Rotelli, R.L. Jr.; Tinianow, M.A.; Wormley, D.N.

1984-06-01

114

Description of the programs and facilities of the Physics Division  

SciTech Connect

The major emphasis of our experimental nuclear physics research is in Heavy-Ion Physics, centered at the recently completed ATLAS facility. ATLAS is a designated National User Facility and is based on superconducting radio-frequency technology developed in the Physics Division. In addition, the Division has strong programs in Medium-Energy Physics and in Weak-Interaction Physics as well as in accelerator development. Our nuclear theory research spans a wide range of interests including nuclear dynamics with subnucleonic degrees of freedom, dynamics of many-nucleon systems, nuclear structure, and heavy-ion interactions. This research makes contact with experimental research programs in intermediate-energy and heavy-ion physics, both within the Division and on the national scale. The Atomic Physics program, the largest of which is accelerator-based, primarily uses ATLAS, a 5-MV Dynamitron accelerator and a highly stable 150-kV accelerator. A synchrotron-based atomic physics program has recently been initiated with current research with the National Synchrotron Light Source in preparation for a program at the Advanced Photon Source, at Argonne. The principal interests of the Atomic Physics program are in the interactions of fast atomic and molecular ions with solids and gases and in the laser spectroscopy of exotic species. The program is currently being expanded to take advantage of the unique research opportunities in synchrotron-based research that will present themselves when the Advanced Photon Source comes on line at Argonne. These topics are discussed briefly in this report.

Not Available

1992-10-01

115

Puerto Rico water resources planning model program description  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Because the use of the Mathematical Programming System -Extended (MPSX) to solve large linear and mixed integer programs requires the preparation of many input data cards, a matrix generator program to produce the MPSX input data from a much more limited set of data may expedite the use of the mixed integer programming optimization technique. The Model Definition and Control Program (MODCQP) is intended to assist a planner in preparing MPSX input data for the Puerto Rico Water Resources Planning Model. The model utilizes a mixed-integer mathematical program to identify a minimum present cost set of water resources projects (diversions, reservoirs, ground-water fields, desalinization plants, water treatment plants, and inter-basin transfers of water) which will meet a set of future water demands and to determine their sequence of construction. While MODCOP was specifically written to generate MPSX input data for the planning model described in this report, the program can be easily modified to reflect changes in the model's mathematical structure.

Moody, D. W.; Maddock, Thomas; Karlinger, M. R.; Lloyd, J. J.

1973-01-01

116

Acute toxicities of unrelated bone marrow versus peripheral blood stem cell donation: results of a prospective trial from the National Marrow Donor Program.  

PubMed

Although peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) have replaced bone marrow (BM) as the most common unrelated donor progenitor cell product collected, a direct comparison of concurrent PBSC versus BM donation experiences has not been performed. We report a prospective study of 2726 BM and 6768 PBSC donors who underwent collection from 2004 to 2009. Pain and toxicities were assessed at baseline, during G-CSF administration, on the day of collection, within 48 hours of donation, and weekly until full recovery. Peak levels of pain and toxicities did not differ between the 2 donation processes for most donors. Among obese donors, PBSC donors were at increased risk of grade 2 to 4 pain as well as grade 2 to 4 toxicities during the pericollection period. In contrast, BM donors were more likely to experience grade 2 to 4 toxicities at 1 week and pain at 1 week and 1 month after the procedure. BM donors experienced slower recovery, with 3% still not fully recovered at 24 weeks, whereas 100% of PBSC donors had recovered. Other factors associated with toxicity included obesity, increasing age, and female sex. In summary, this study provides extensive detail regarding individualized risk patterns of PBSC versus BM donation toxicity, suggesting donor profiles that can be targeted with interventions to minimize toxicity. PMID:23109243

Pulsipher, Michael A; Chitphakdithai, Pintip; Logan, Brent R; Shaw, Bronwen E; Wingard, John R; Lazarus, Hillard M; Waller, Edmund K; Seftel, Matthew; Stroncek, David F; Lopez, Angela M; Maharaj, Dipnarine; Hematti, Peiman; O'Donnell, Paul V; Loren, Alison W; Leitman, Susan F; Anderlini, Paolo; Goldstein, Steven C; Levine, John E; Navarro, Willis H; Miller, John P; Confer, Dennis L

2012-10-29

117

15 CFR 16.2 - Description and goal of program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...are accomplished by: (1) Selecting or developing standardized test methods by which selected product performance characteristics...and other participants in the program voluntarily to test and label their products according to the selected...

2013-01-01

118

15 CFR 16.2 - Description and goal of program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...objectively and reported understandably to consumers. The consumer products covered include those for which incorrect purchase decision can result in financial loss, dissatisfaction, or inconvenience. The program seeks to avoid the...

2010-01-01

119

15 CFR 16.2 - Description and goal of program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...objectively and reported understandably to consumers. The consumer products covered include those for which incorrect purchase decision can result in financial loss, dissatisfaction, or inconvenience. The program seeks to avoid the...

2009-01-01

120

RIFLEX: Flexible Riser System Analysis Program. General Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

RIFLEX is a tailormade computer program for static and dynamic analysis of slender marine structures developed by SINTEF Structures and Concrete and MARINTEK in cooperation with Division of Marine Structures, NTH. This document gives an introduction to ma...

I. J. Fylling N. Soedahl

1995-01-01

121

The Milwaukee Parental Choice Program: Descriptive Report on Participating Schools. SCDP Milwaukee Evaluation Report #8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the second in a series of annual reports produced by the School Choice Demonstration Project (SCDP) providing descriptive information about the schools participating in the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program (MPCP). Following a brief history of the MPCP, this year's report contains a set of baseline descriptive statistics about…

Kisida, Brian; Jensen, Laura I.; Wolf, Patrick J.

2009-01-01

122

A hybrid system combining intuitionistic fuzzy description logics with intuitionistic fuzzy logic programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a novel combination of intuitionistic fuzzy Description Logics with intuitionistic fuzzy logic programs, which yields a more realistic and intelligent hybrid system, whitch offers the best of both aspects: the extension of Description Logics with intuitionistic fuzzy sets are suitable for describing vague and imprecise concepts in a given domain, on the other hand, inuitionistic

Lian Shi; Shuai Lu; Tao Sun; DanTong Ouyang

2011-01-01

123

HIGHWAY, a transportation routing model: program description and users' manual  

SciTech Connect

A computerized transportation routing model has been developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to be used for predicting likely routes for shipping radioactive materials. The HIGHWAY data base is a computerized road atlas containing descriptions of the entire interstate highway system, the federal highway system, and most of the principal state roads. In addition to its prediction of the most likely commercial route, options incorporated in the HIGHWAY model can allow for maximum use of interstate highways or routes that will bypass urbanized areas containing populations > 100,000. The user may also interactively modify the data base to predict routes that bypass any particular state, city, town, or specific highway segment.

Joy, D.S.; Johnson, P.E.; Gibson, S.M.

1982-12-01

124

GRAFTED - GRaphical Fault Tree EDitor: A Fault Tree Description Program for Target Vulnerability/Survivability Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A computer program GRAFTED, 'GRAphical Fault Tree EDitor', has been written to simplify data entry and modification of component fault tree descriptions (FTD) used in military platform vulnerability/survivability analysis procedures. GRAFTED utilizes a un...

F. J. Tkalcevic N. M. Burman

1992-01-01

125

7 CFR 4290.10 - Description of the Rural Business Investment Company Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE...OF AGRICULTURE RURAL BUSINESS INVESTMENT COMPANY (âRBICâ) PROGRAM Introduction to Part 4290 § 4290.10 Description of the Rural Business Investment Company...

2013-01-01

126

Attitudes to cadaveric organ donation in Irish preclinical medical students.  

PubMed

There is a worldwide shortage of organs for transplantation. It has been shown that the attitude of healthcare professionals can improve the rates of organ donation, and that educational programs aimed at improving both attitudes and knowledge base of professionals can have positive outcomes. Although there has been research carried out on this topic, there has been none in Ireland. Anatomy dissection can be a stressor to medical students-we investigate the attitudes of Irish students to organ donation and how they change with exposure to anatomy dissection. A questionnaire was administered to first year students in the School of Medicine in University College Dublin, Ireland, three times over a nine-week period at the commencement of classes in an academic year. The attitudes of the students were positive throughout regarding organ donation by a stranger, a family member, or themselves. There was, however, a significant decrease in support for the donation of a family member's organs in a minority of students. Irish students' attitudes to postmortem organ donation are positive and are not changed by exposure to the dissecting room. There is support for the donation of organs, and willingness among students to donate their own organs and support donation by family members. PMID:21656917

Cahill, Kevin C; Ettarh, Rajunor R

2011-06-08

127

World Perspective Case Descriptions on Educational Programs for Adults: Israel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two adult education programs being conducted in Israel are described in the case studies in this packet. The first case study, by Eitan Israeli, describes a school for parents, teachers, and children established in the 1950s in a distressed moshav (cooperative agricultural settlement) to improve education for both parents and children. About 60…

Israeli, Eitan; Tokatli, Rachel

128

Media Literacy Education Program Evaluators: What's the Job Description, Again?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|School program evaluation researchers face a set of overlapping questions concerning our roles in the field: For the sake of "the data" and in quest of "the truth," am I a shrewd researcher before all else? For the sake of community-building and establishing respectful, reciprocal relationships with my school partners, am I first a gracious…

DaCosta, Kneia Octavia

2012-01-01

129

Description and Evaluation of the 1980 Summer Scholars Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The University of Missouri, under a contract with the Health Resources Administration, has planned and developed an Area Health Education Center (AHEC), whose purpose is to address the problem of underrepresentation of minority and educationally disadvantaged students in educational programs for health professions. Activities range from early…

Mares, Kenneth R.; And Others

130

Coca-Cola Hispanic Education Fund: Los Angeles Program Description.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Coca-Cola Hispanic Education Fund was created in response to the high school dropout problem in Los Angeles. The Fund enables the Coca-Cola Bottling Company of Los Angeles to build upon the successful relationship it has developed in the Hispanic community and maximizes the effectiveness of existing student support programs by directing needy…

Coca Cola Bottling Co. of Los Angeles, CA.

131

World Perspective Case Descriptions on Educational Programs for Adults: Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 24 case studies of adult education in Australia: (1) N.S.W. (New South Wales) Department of Agriculture Home Study Program (O'Neill); (2) Increasing Citizen Participation in Local Government (Holderness-Roddam); (3) School for Seniors (Benham and Vickers); (4) Community Living Project (Bleechmore); (5) Learning for the Less…

O'Neill, Barry; And Others

132

Quality assurance program description for shipping packages of radioactive material  

SciTech Connect

This quality assurance plan describes the quality assurance program at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), for shipping packages of radioactive material. The purpose of this report is to describe how PNL will comply with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10, Part 71, Appendix E. In compliance with the instructions from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), the 18 criteria from Appendix E are covered.

Not Available

1978-06-30

133

BIPR-5 Program. Structure and Input Data Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The BIPR-5 program, which solves the relevant one-group equation in a three-dimensional inhomogeneous WWER reactor, makes it possible to simulate all the principal states of the core, including the maintenance of the critical state by means of rods or a l...

D. M. Petrunin E. D. Belyaeva I. L. Kireeva

1975-01-01

134

Description and Evaluation of the 1980 Summer Scholars Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Missouri, under a contract with the Health Resources Administration, has planned and developed an Area Health Education Center (AHEC), whose purpose is to address the problem of underrepresentation of minority and educationally disadvantaged students in educational programs for health professions. Activities range from early…

Mares, Kenneth R.; And Others

135

Quality Assurance Program description, Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF)  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Westinghouse Savannah River Company's (WSRC) Quality Assurance Program for Defense Waste Processing at the Savannah River Site (SRS). WSRC is the operating contractor for the US Department of Energy (DOE) at the SRS. The following objectives are achieved through developing and implementing the Quality Assurance Program: (1) Ensure that the attainment of quality (in accomplishing defense high-level waste processing objectives at the SRS) is at a level commensurate with the government's responsibility for protecting public health and safety, the environment, the public investment, and for efficiently and effectively using national resources. (2) Ensure that high-level waste from qualification and production activities conform to requirements defined by OCRWM. These activities include production processes, equipment, and services; and products that are planned, designed, procured, fabricated, installed, tested, operated, maintained, modified, or produced.

Maslar, S.R.

1992-11-02

136

Groundwater Protection Program Science and Technology Summary Description  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site Groundwater Protection Program, formerly the Groundwater/Vadose Zone Integration Project, was established in 1997 to develop the integrated approach, technical capability, and scientific information needed to perform site-wide assessments of the potential effects of Hanford Site soil and groundwater contaminants on people and the ecology. To complete this mission, gaps in scientific understanding and technologies were identified, and research to close those gaps was initiated.

Freshley, Mark D. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Bunn, Amoret L. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Gee, Glendon W. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Gilmore, Tyler J. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Kincaid, Charles T. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Peterson, Robert E. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Ward, Anderson L. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Yabusaki, Steven B. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Zachara, John M. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))

2002-11-20

137

Pediatric Organ Donation: What Factors Most Influence Parents' Donation Decisions?  

PubMed Central

Objective To identify factors that influence parents’ decisions when asked to donate a deceased child’s organs. Design Cross-sectional design with data collection via structured telephone interviews. Setting and Participants Seventy-four parents (49 donors, 25 non-donors) of donor-eligible deceased children who were previously approached by coordinators from one organ procurement organization (OPO) in the southeastern USA. Main Results Multivariate analyses showed that organ donation was more likely when the parent was a registered organ donor (OR=1.4, CI=1.1, 2.7), the parent had favorable organ donation beliefs (OR=5.5, CI=2.7, 12.3), the parent was exposed to organ donation information prior to the child’s death (OR = 2.6, CI = 1.7, 10.3), a member of the child’s healthcare team first mentioned organ donation (OR=1.4, CI=1.2, 3.7), the requestor was perceived as sensitive to the family’s needs (OR=0.4, CI=0.2, 0.7), the family had sufficient time to discuss donation (OR=5.2, CI=1.4, 11.6), and family members were in agreement about donation (OR=2.8, CI=1.3, 5.2). Conclusions This study identifies several modifiable variables that influence the donation decision-making process for parents. Strategies to facilitate targeted organ donation education and higher consent rates are discussed.

Rodrigue, James R.; Cornell, Danielle L.; Howard, Richard J.

2008-01-01

138

Description of an ethics curriculum for a medicine residency program.  

PubMed Central

This paper examines the attempts to develop and implement an ethics curriculum for the Internal Medicine Residency Program at the University of Maryland Medical Center. The objectives of the curriculum were to enhance moral reasoning skills and to promote humanistic attitudes and behavior among the residents. The diverse methodologies used to achieve these objectives included case discussions, literature reading, role playing, writing, and videos. These activities occurred predominantly within the forum of morning report sessions and ethics ward rounds. The author also describes efforts to overcome the initial constraints associated with the implementation of this curriculum and concludes by exploring future directions for the curriculum.

Silverman, H J

1999-01-01

139

Hanford surplus facilities programs facilities listings and descriptions. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

On the Hanford Site, many surplus facilities exist (including buildings, stacks, tanks, cribs, burial grounds, and septic systems) that are scheduled to be decommissioned. Many of these facilities contain large inventories of radionuclides, which present potential radiological hazards on and off the Hanford Site. Some structures with limited structural deterioration present potential radiological and industrial safety hazards to personnel. Because of the condition of these facilities, a systematic surveillance and maintenance program is performed to identify and correct potential hazards to personnel and the environment until eventual decommissioning operations are completed.

Kiser, S.K.; Witt, T.L.

1994-01-01

140

Compensated Kidney Donation: An Ethical Review of the Iranian Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Iran has had a program of compensated kidney donation from living unrelated (LUR) donors since 1997. The aim of the program was to address the increasing demand for kidney transplantation in a morally sound manner. The program was successful in terms of increasing the number of kidneys available for transplantation. This paper presents a critical review of the program and

Alireza Bagheri

2006-01-01

141

Donating Blood Questions and Answers  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics. ... Donating Blood Questions and Answers. The blood safety system established by FDA is dependent ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts/questionsaboutblood

142

State Organ Donation Legislation  

MedlinePLUS

... State Revenue Sources Legal Consent ME/C Facilitation Donation Education Living Donor Support Voluntary Contributions State-Provided Funds UAGA Version Donor Designation Registries Driver’s Lic. Schools Driver Education Tax Benefit Leave of Absence Public Private Total: ... HRSA.gov's privacy protection may not be available at the external link. The information contained in this Web site is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. Because the charts in this Web site represent only a general summary of the legislation described and because legislation in this area changes often, we recommend that you consult with your local organ procurement organization or your State Attorney General's Office ...

143

A Method for Determining the Response of Space Shuttle to Atmospheric Turbulence. Volume 2 Computer Program Description and Usage Instructions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A description is given of a computer program which calculates the response of an elastic aerospace vehicle to random and discrete turbulence. The program uses vibration modes as generalized coordinates. Inputs to the program include modal information, gen...

R. Huntington R. Haller

1971-01-01

144

National Organ and Tissue Donation Initiative  

MedlinePLUS

... this animated video to see what happens during organ donation and transplantation, how someone becomes a donor, and ... Alonzo Mourning: NBA All-Star OPOs Recognized for Organ Donation Outreach Sharing Hope and Life Donation For People ...

145

[Can one authorize oocyte donation in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg?].  

PubMed

In the case of early ovary extinction, the only way to have a child is either adoption or egg/embryo reception by donation. To day, egg donation is prohibited in Luxembourg by ministerial decision in 2003. Germ cell donation is part of artificial reproductive therapy. Oocyte donation, in particular, needs to be done by IVF treatment, which makes it more complicated then sperm donation What makes it more difficult is the fact that there are no oocyte bank yet. Today, prohibition encourages procreative tourism what only wealthy people can afford. Although donation programs are well established many questions arise about egg donation such as refunds, divulging information, women's age limit, health insurance participation. PMID:22822560

Arendt, J

2012-01-01

146

Organ Donation and Asian Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Data by Health Topic > Organ and Tissue Donation Organ Donation and Asian Americans Diabetes and heart disease are less prevalent among Asian Americans than other minority groups. Even so, they ... patient at risk for organ failures. In 2011, Asian Americans made up 5. ...

147

Possible influences on donation behavior: The case of Idaho's Nongame wildlife and endangered species tax checkoff fund  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research used a model developed by behavioral psychologists as a framework for examining the factors and processes that may influence donation behavior. Attitude toward the checkoff, past experiences with donating, and knowledge about the checkoff were significant in influencing behavior. Neither knowledge about the program nor knowledge about nongame wildlife was related to donation behavior. These findings support the

Charles C. Harris Jr; Tracy A. Miller; Kerry Reese

1992-01-01

148

Sperm donation in Israel.  

PubMed

Science and technology in the field of human reproduction present new legal, ethical and religious questions which do not always have immediate answers. The first step in the rapidly developed field of reproductive technology was the use of sperm donation (artificial insemination by donor, AID) and the establishment of sperm banks. The state of Israel faced these problems when the regulations for sperm donation were discussed. The fact that the main holy places for the three monotheistic religions are in Israel directly influences the make-up of the population constituents. Therefore, besides a majority of secular people, a high percentage of the population of Israel is very religious: Jews, Moslems and Christians. Thus any resolution relating to AID should take this demographic combination into account. The practice of AID is opposed by the different monotheistic religions. To avoid the conflict between secular and religious people, and between the different religions' perspectives, the legal problem of AID in Israel was solved not by laws but by regulations which were published by the Ministry of Health. The main idea behind this attitude is that the state and its authorities should not and do not deal with ethical or religious questions. Thus, the decision was left to the couples and to the donors. The regulations address technical requirements, health problems and confidential issues concerning the couple, the donor and the child. In this paper we present the different views relating to these problems as perceived by the different religions, and describe the solution that was accepted by the Israeli Ministry of Health. PMID:7650152

Mor-Yosef, S; Schenker, J G

1995-04-01

149

[Marketing in the world of blood donation].  

PubMed

Public and non-profit organizations have long debated how marketing concepts and management styles apply to their sector of activity as they are largely derived from principles of consumerism and economic decision-making proper to the private sector. The arrival of marketing in the world of blood donation is no exception. The purpose of this article is to illustrate concretely how marketing techniques can contribute in achieving the objectives of a blood donation program: a marketing model that is adapted to the realities of blood donation in Quebec. Although types of marketing are as varied as the fields they are used in, the major marketing activities of this program fall under positioning, operational or relationship marketing. The process is presented in the form of a cycle that includes four major phases containing all marketing functions, that is, raising public awareness, acquiring a clientele, client retention and loyalty building, and establishing the relationship. Finally, the information and effective management of information are at the heart of the marketing process. In fact, research, understanding our customers and their expectations, and measuring our performance are essential for the success of any marketing initiative. PMID:17524694

Daigneault, Sylvie

2007-05-23

150

A Descriptive Study of a California Domestic Violence Court: Program Completion and Recidivism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This retrospective descriptive study analyzed a 1997 cohort of misdemeanor offenders (N = 289) in a California domestic violence court. Sixty-two percent of offenders completed a 52-week counseling program. A four-year statewide recidivism follow-up determined that for all types of arrests, rates were lower among program completers versus noncompleters (for domestic violence arrests, 15% versus 25%). Logistic regression revealed that

Carrie J. Petrucci

2010-01-01

151

Oncology Rehabilitation Program at the Ottawa Regional Cancer Centre: program description.  

PubMed

The Ottawa Regional Cancer Centre offers an Oncology Rehabilitation Program to patients with cancer. Between January 1997 and December 1998, 254 patients with cancer participated in the program. This paper describes the program and its participants. The program's strengths, limitations and future directions are also discussed. PMID:10463051

Segal, R; Evans, W; Johnson, D; Smith, J; Colletta, S P; Corsini, L; Reid, R

1999-08-10

152

ModMAP (Modular Multiple Alternatives Program). Program Description 1973-1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Modular Multiple Alternatives Program (ModMaP), being developed at the University of Bridgeport, is the first competency-based, individualized graduate program in teacher education in the state of Connecticut. The program focuses on elementary teacher training and includes both master's and six-year level options. The program provides the…

Bridgeport Univ., CT. Coll. of Education.

153

[Physician's role in posthumous donation].  

PubMed

According to the Dutch Organ Donation Act, the explicit consent of either the donor or the relatives of the deceased is required for organ retrieval to be legitimate. Every Dutch citizen aged 12 years or over can record, in the national donor register, their consent to donation, their objection to donation or their wish to leave the decision to their relatives. The doctor, who establishes the death of a possible donor, is obliged to consult the national donor register. If doctors do not consult the register because the relatives object to donation, then they have failed to meet their obligations under the Organ Donation Act. Such an action disregards the donor's right to self-determination and the legitimate interests of those waiting for a suitable donor organ. It is acknowledged that some aspects of the Act are unclear, which may in part explain the reluctant attitude of doctors towards donation. These aspects include the procedures for donation by incompetent patients, the question as to when measures required to preserve organ function can be started, and the physician's duty of confidentiality. PMID:11530704

de Roode, R P

2001-04-01

154

Time Degradation Factors for Turbine Engine Exhaust Emissions. Volume 1. Program Description and Results.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the first volume of an eight-volume interim report which documents the test data obtained in a study of turbine emission degradation. This volume contains an introduction to the program, a description of the test schedule, equipment, procedures, a...

M. Platt E. R. Norster

1978-01-01

155

Minnesota Department of Education Agricultural Education Program Descriptions 01.0000-01.9095  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a brief compilation of descriptions of agricultural education programs linked to Career and Technical Education (CTE) initiative in Minnesota. Agriculture Exploration courses focus on the animal sciences, plant sciences, natural resource sciences, agricultural business and marketing, and leadership development. Agribusiness…

Minnesota Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

156

Automatic Generation and Connection of Program Components based on RDF Sensor Description in Network Middleware  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes automatic generation and linking mechanism of sensor processing components, which are called sensor services, in network middleware for distributed sensors in a room. This mechanism reduces deployment process in the creation of applications for real sensorized environments. The mechanism consists of 1) dynamic program duplication triggered by matching generation condition with descriptions of components and 2) sensor

Hiroshi Noguchi; Taketoshi Mori; Tomomasa Sato

2006-01-01

157

Minnesota Department of Education Agricultural Education Program Descriptions 01.0000-01.9095  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document provides a brief compilation of descriptions of agricultural education programs linked to Career and Technical Education (CTE) initiative in Minnesota. Agriculture Exploration courses focus on the animal sciences, plant sciences, natural resource sciences, agricultural business and marketing, and leadership development. Agribusiness…

Minnesota Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

158

Summer reading: Description and evaluation of a program for children and parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is generally agreed that below?average readers read very little during the summer months and that they may actually regress in their reading skills during this extended time away from school. This article presents a rationale and description of a summer reading program specifically designed to: 1) increase the amount of reading done over the summer by low socio?economic students

Linda B. Gambrell; Mary E. Jarrell

1980-01-01

159

Predicting Blood Donations Among College Students As A Strategy To Design Voluntary Blood Donation Campaigns In China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study investigated the voluntary, safe blood donation in China using an extended version of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) (including attitudes, subjective norms, descriptive norms, moral norms, self-identity, and perceived behavioral control), the Health Belief Model (HBM) (including perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, and cues to action), and the Social Amplification of Risk Theory (SART) (including the concept

Jia Lu

2010-01-01

160

Tissue Donation for TSC Research  

MedlinePLUS

... by the National Institutes of Health to coordinate storage and distribution of tissue samples for research on ... donation, the preparation of the tissue samples, the storage of the tissue samples, and the distribution of ...

161

Exploring Donation Decisions: Beliefs and Preferences for Organ Donation in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors explored common beliefs and preferences for posthumous and living organ donation in Australia where organ donation rates are low and little research exists. Content analysis of discussions revealed the advantage of prolonging\\/saving life whereas disadvantages differed according to donation context. A range of people\\/groups perceived to approve and disapprove of donation were identified. Barriers for posthumous donation included

Melissa K. Hyde; Katherine M. White

2010-01-01

162

Nonheartbeating cadaveric organ donation.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: The authors evaluated the potential use of nonheartbeating (NHB) cadaver donors as an additional source to the current supply of brain-dead cadaver donors. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: The numbers of cadaveric donors has not increased significantly during the last 5 years, despite a rising need for transplantable organs. Any improvement in cadaveric organ procurement will depend on the use of previously unrecognized potential donors. METHODS: During a 2-year period, 24 kidneys were retrieved from 12 NHB donors. Nineteen kidneys were transplanted. RESULTS: These kidneys sustained a mean warm ischemia time of 26 minutes (range 20-35 min). A mean lowest creatinine level of 2.0 mg/dL, (range 1.1-3.0 mg/dL), the rate of postoperative dialysis (22%), and a 1-year graft survival rate of 76% for kidneys from NHB-donated kidneys compare favorably to expected results achieved nationally from brain-dead cadaveric donors. CONCLUSIONS: Nonheartbeating donor kidneys can yield acceptable graft function and be of no disadvantage to recipients of cadaver transplants.

Orloff, M S; Reed, A I; Erturk, E; Kruk, R A; Paprocki, S A; Cimbalo, S C; Cerilli, G J

1994-01-01

163

Communication strategies for organ donation.  

PubMed

A country, state or hospital may have the latest medical technology and infrastructure as well as qualified professionals for organ transplantation, but unless there is an adequate donor population the waiting lists for transplants will continue to be long and for some patients, hopeless. Public and professional awareness programmes are key factor in the donation process. Social education that explains the life-saving benefits of organ transplantation, the enormous need for organ donation, the concept of brain death and religious teachings related to these issues is vital for creating a conducive environment for the organ transplant co-ordinator or physician soliciting the donation. The education of hospital medical, nursing and administrative personnel is also essential to both miximise opportunities for donation, as well as to prevent loss of potential organs after donor consent. Other target populations are medical examiners or coroners, and police personnel under whose jurisdiction the donations occur, as their co-operation and guidance is necessary for meeting statutory requirements. The involvement of government officials and politicians is also valuable, as their active intervention is essential for the introduction and amendment of rules and laws to promote the donation and transplantation of organs. The present paper describes communication strategies for the development of an efficient education plan that will provide information about organ transplantation, explain the desired outcome, address potential queries, misconceptions or obstacles, and identify potential sources of support. PMID:18712137

Gajiwala, Astrid Lobo

2008-03-01

164

Earn Your Wings Program: Description and Efficacy of an Intensive Fear of Flying Treatment Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of an intensive fear of flying treatment program. Data on generalized, anticipatory and in-flight anxiety, somatic and cognitive complaints were collected pretreatment and posttreatment through FAM and FAS. Number of flights and no-shows 12 months before and after the program and the boarding rate on the therapeutic flight were also assessed. Results show

Elisabete Santos; Helena Palma; Gonçalo Nápoles; Raquel Romero; Rita Gabriel; Vítor Grilo; Cláudia Pascoal

2011-01-01

165

Youth alternative sentencing program: A description and evaluation of an alcohol and marijuana intervention program  

Microsoft Academic Search

An alternative program was designed for youth who were charged with an alcohol or marijuana offense in San Bernardino County, California. In place of a conviction, the youth could attend an extended educational program that emphasized their ability to change behavior and to understand the consequences of risk-taking behavior. An evaluation was completed by the participants, demonstrating that this population

Diane D Lynsky; Bruce S Heischober; Paula M Johnston; Kimberley A Johnson; Luis M Lujano; Ronald D Morgan

1999-01-01

166

A descriptive analysis of Community Support Program case managers serving the chronically mentally ill  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a description of case managers who serve community-based chronically mentally ill (CMI) persons through the Community Support Program (CSP). Information is presented on case managers' demographic characteristics, education, job training, job history, current job activities, and locus of employment. Data were generated through the Case Manager Background Questionnaire, a 23-item self-administered instrument developed in conjunction with the

Ingrid D. Goldstrom; Ronald W. Manderscheid

1983-01-01

167

Ocean Margins Program: Closure on the global carbon cycle. Program description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Department of Energy's Ocean Margins Program (OMP) is designed to quantitatively assess the importance of coastal ocean systems in the global carbon cycle. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, human energy-related activities have dramatic...

M. R. Riches

1994-01-01

168

Minority Donation in the United States: Challenges and Needs  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review In the United States, blood donation rates of African American are 25-50% of that of white individuals. As African Americans make up an ever increasing and now substantial minority, and African American recipients of blood transfusion, both specialized, such as sickle cell disease patients, and general hospitalized patients, have a better chance of receiving phenotype-matched or appropriate red blood cell units when there is a significant percent of products in inventory from African American donors, it is important to understand the reason for the observed difference. Recent findings Possible reasons for this discrepancy in donation rates include: 1) increased rates of donor deferral and ineligibility; 2) increased barriers to donation, such as fear and distrust; and 3) different marketing and education strategies. Thus, to increase the blood availability to African American recipients, the reasons for these donation rate differences must be better understood and subsequently addressed through improved blood donor recruitment programs. The majority of African American donor recruitment programs have focused on donating for sickle cell disease patients, particularly children, which have been of limited success. Summary Significant improvements in African American donor recruitment are needed to adequately meet the demand of African American patients as well as the entire population.

Shaz, Beth H.; Hillyer, Christopher D.

2011-01-01

169

Kidney donation after cardiac death  

PubMed Central

There is continuing disparity between demand for and supply of kidneys for transplantation. This review describes the current state of kidney donation after cardiac death (DCD) and provides recommendations for a way forward. The conversion rate for potential DCD donors varies from 40%-80%. Compared to controlled DCD, uncontrolled DCD is more labour intensive, has a lower conversion rate and a higher discard rate. The super-rapid laparotomy technique involving direct aortic cannulation is preferred over in situ perfusion in controlled DCD donation and is associated with lower kidney discard rates, shorter warm ischaemia times and higher graft survival rates. DCD kidneys showed a 5.73-fold increase in the incidence of delayed graft function (DGF) and a higher primary non function rate compared to donation after brain death kidneys, but the long term graft function is equivalent between the two. The cold ischaemia time is a controllable factor that significantly influences the outcome of allografts, for example, limiting it to < 12 h markedly reduces DGF. DCD kidneys from donors < 50 function like standard criteria kidneys and should be viewed as such. As the majority of DCD kidneys are from controlled donation, incorporation of uncontrolled donation will expand the donor pool. Efforts to maximise the supply of kidneys from DCD include: implementing organ recovery from emergency department setting; improving family consent rate; utilising technological developments to optimise organs either prior to recovery from donors or during storage; improving organ allocation to ensure best utility; and improving viability testing to reduce primary non function.

Akoh, Jacob A

2012-01-01

170

[Blood donation: a marketing perspective].  

PubMed

This paper emphasizes how marketing can make a difference in repeat donations by volunteer blood donors, since the greatest challenge for health institutions is to maintain and increase blood donation. In this context, understanding volunteer donors' motivations is highly important, and the studies reported here demonstrate that several variables are relevant to blood donation. The huge number of patients in need of blood transfusions and the lack of sufficient blood and blood products justify the interest in this study, considering both donors' and blood banks' perspectives. Moreover, recognition of the importance of actions and orientation for donors is fundamental for developing a marketing strategy. It is thus relevant for health institutions to identify donors' actual needs and wishes. PMID:15868052

Ludwig, Silvia Terra; Rodrigues, Alziro César de Morais

2005-05-02

171

Program Description: EDIT Program and Vendor Master Update, SWRL Financial System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Computer routines to edit input data for the Southwest Regional Laboratory's (SWRL) Financial System are described. The program is responsible for validating input records, generating records for further system processing, and updating the Vendor Master File--a file containing the information necessary to support the accounts payable and…

Ikeda, Masumi

172

WINDOW 4. 0: Program description. A PC program for analyzing the thermal performance of fenestration products  

SciTech Connect

WINDOW 4.0 is a publicly available IBM PC compatible computer program developed by the Windows and Daylighting Group at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory for calculating total window thermal performance indices (e.g. U-values, solar heat gain coefficients, shading coefficients, and visible transmittances). WINDOW 4.0 provides a versatile heat transfer analysis method consistent with the rating procedure developed by the National Fenestration Rating Council (NFRC). The program can be used to design and develop new products, to rate and compare performance characteristics of all types of window products, to assist educators in teaching heat transfer through windows, and to help public officials in developing building energy codes. WINDOW 4.0 is a major revision to WINDOW 3.1 and we strongly urge all users to read this manual before using the program. Users who need professional assistance with the WINDOW 4.0 program or other window performance simulation issues are encouraged to contact one or more of the NFRC-accredited Simulation Laboratories. A list of these accredited simulation professionals is available from the NFRC.

Not Available

1992-03-01

173

[Organ donation after active euthanasia in a patient with a neurodegenerative disease].  

PubMed

In countries where active euthanasia by a physician is allowed under law - Belgium and the Netherlands - physicians are sometimes confronted with patients who want to donate organs after active euthanasia has been performed. This combination of procedures has been reported in Belgium, and this article is the first description of such a case in the Netherlands. It concerns a patient with a neurodegenerative disease who donated organs after euthanasia. The combination of two complex and controversial procedures - active euthanasia and organ donation - raises important ethical, legal and practical issues. It is suggested that with a thorough preparation and a strict separation of both procedures, organ donation after active euthanasia can strengthen patient autonomy and increase the number of donated organs. PMID:24063672

van Dijk, G; Giezeman, A; Ultee, F; Hamers, R

2013-01-01

174

Giving Ourselves: The Ethics of Anatomical Donation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article discusses the concern that a decrease in cadaver donation will influence future medical education. The article suggests two modes of action to encourage education of the general population to consider donation of bodies for education.

2008-09-01

175

Organ Donation for People 50 and Over  

MedlinePLUS

... Funded Resource Centers Unable to Share This Page Organ Donation for People 50 and Over How old can ... even into our 80s and 90s. Statistics on Organ Donation and Transplantation for People 50 Plus Here are ...

176

Attitudes of Medical Students About Brain Death and Organ Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionThere have been publications on the attitudes of the general Iranian population and health care personnel about brain death and organ donation; however, there is little information about such attitudes of medical students. In 2006, a survey was conducted in Tehran about the attitudes of medical students in a hospital with a transplantation program.

K. Najafizadeh; M. Shiemorteza; M. Jamali; F. Ghorbani; S. Hamidinia; S. Assan; M. Moghani-Lankarani

2009-01-01

177

Attitudes to Cadaveric Organ Donation in Irish Preclinical Medical Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is a worldwide shortage of organs for transplantation. It has been shown that the attitude of healthcare professionals can improve the rates of organ donation, and that educational programs aimed at improving both attitudes and knowledge base of professionals can have positive outcomes. Although there has been research carried out on this…

Cahill, Kevin C.; Ettarh, Rajunor R.

2011-01-01

178

Patients' willingness to pay for autologous blood donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most cost-effectiveness analyses of autologous blood donation show very small health benefits for a substantial increase in resource utilization. However, these analyses do not consider the psychological benefits of peace of mind to patients participating in the program. In order to quantitate these benefits, we employed contingent valuation methodology to measure the willingness of patients undergoing elective surgery, to pay

Stephanie J. Lee; Peter J. Neumann; W. Hallowell Churchill; Marie E. Cannon; Milton C. Weinstein; Magnus Johannesson

1997-01-01

179

Pilot explores organ donation in the ED--challenges raised.  

PubMed

A pilot program for ED organ donation at University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC)--Presbyterian Hospital is seeking much-needed organs, while maintaining optimal medical care for the living and avoiding potential conflicts of interest. Separate teams are involved with organ donation and with patient care, creating a "firewall" to prevent conflicts of interest. After failed CPR, a minimum of two minutes of no-CPR time is allowed to pass after death is pronounced to be certain there is no occult cardiac activity. Infusions of cold fluids are used to give enough time for the transplant surgeon to arrive and determine if any organs can be procured. PMID:20535893

2010-06-01

180

The Impact of Federal Commodity Donations on the School Lunch Program. Department of Agriculture. Report to the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Department of Agriculture's program for purchasing and distributing commodities for the school lunch program was reviewed in 15 school districts, one very large, one medium sized, and one small school district in each of five states--California, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. The objectives of the review were to (1) assess the…

Comptroller General of the U.S., Washington, DC.

181

An assessment of the effectiveness of the Mottep model for increasing donation rates and preventing the need for transplantation—adult findings: Program years 1998 and 1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Minority Organ Tissue Transplant Education Program (MOTTEP) evaluated the effects of a community-implemented health education program for adult members of minority population groups to affect attitude, knowledge, and intent to change behavior. In addition, this study represents 1 of the first major initiatives to formally address prevention as a strategy to contribute to reducing the need for organ\\/tissue

Clive O. Callender; Margruetta B. Hall; Doreen Branch

2001-01-01

182

Factors Influencing Blood Donation Behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

Worldwide there is a shortage of active blood donors, and the problem of attracting and retaining sufficient donors to meet demand for blood and blood products is a serious one. This study has identified variables that help explain the decision to donate blood. Thus, the findings offer blood collection agencies guidance with the task of formulating specific strategies to address

Judith Holdershaw; Philip Gendall; Malcolm Wright

183

Organ Donation in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently in Latin America, there has been a strong influence of the “Spanish model” of organ procurement. In 2001, The “Punta Cana Group” was created by Latin American transplantation coordinators with the objective of registering and improving the system of donation and procurement. In many countries there is no universal financial support from the government for medical treatment, including dialysis

R. Mizraji; I. Alvarez; R. I. Palacios; C. Fajardo; C. Berrios; F. Morales; E. Luna; C. Milanés; M. Andrade; E. Duque; F. Giron; J. Alfonso; S. Herra; C. Soratti; R. Ibar; V. D. Garcia

2007-01-01

184

Gender disparity in organ donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organ donation is affected by legal, cultural, religious, and racial factors, as well as by health considerations. Although organs in and of themseves are gender neutral and can be exchanged between the sexes, women account for up to two thirds of all organ clonations. There are no clear reasons why women are more willing to undergo the risks of surgery

Judith L. Steinman

2006-01-01

185

Preoperative Autologous Blood Donation (PABD).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the mid 1980s, when concerns over the safety of the U.S. blood supply arose, preoperative autologous blood donation (PABD) has been utilized by patients undergoing elective surgery for which blood transfusion was anticipated. However, the risk of ac...

2000-01-01

186

Family issues implicit in living donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Living renal donation is increasing and is an important source of kidneys for patients with end stage renal disease. Such donations have major quality of life implications for donors and recipients. The majority of studies in this field address physical health issues; live donation, however, also involves complex psychological, social, and cultural needs. It is important to have an understanding

Alison K. Crombie; Patricia M. Franklin

2006-01-01

187

Issues of gender in gamete donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gamete donation refers to the practice whereby either semen or eggs are donated by a third party to enable infertile individuals or couples to become parents. This paper examines the way in which gender is deployed as a resource for organizing the meanings attached to that practice. The gender aspects of gamete donation are not always immediately apparent since semen

Erica Haimes

1993-01-01

188

Parenting Infants Conceived by Gamete Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, concerns have been raised regarding the potentially negative consequences of gamete donation for parent-child relationships. Findings are presented of a study of families with an infant conceived by gamete donation. Fifty donor insemination families and 51 egg donation families were compared with 80 natural conception families on standardized interview and questionnaire measures of the psychological well-being of

Susan Golombok; Emma Lycett; Fiona MacCallum; Vasanti Jadva; Clare Murray; John Rust; Hossam Abdalla; Julian Jenkins; Raoul Margara

2004-01-01

189

A Different Kind of Disaster Donation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As one natural disaster after another seemed to define the year 2005, library workers across the nation generously donated money, materials, and labor to help victims and damaged institutions recover. Some librarians donated to specific institutions, while others donated to more general charities. Many worried about media reports of fraudulent…

Johnson, Mary J.

2006-01-01

190

Podiatric Medical Education Data Study. Volume 2. Description of Organizational and Operational Aspects of Existing Podiatric Residency Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The task reported in this volume involved collecting, analyzing, and presenting descriptive data on the organization, operation, and financial aspects of podiatric residency programs. This was accomplished by utilizing a case study approach whereby five (...

J. R. Carson

1983-01-01

191

GRAFTED - GRAphical Fault Tree EDitor: A Fault Tree Description Program For Target Vulnerability/Survivability Analysis. User Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A computer program GRAFTED, GRAphical Fault Tree Editor, has been written to simplify data entry and modification of component fault tree descriptions (FTD) used in military platform vulnerability/survivability analysis. GRAFTED uses a unique, graphical, ...

M. E. Buckland M. Webster F. J. Tkalcevic

1993-01-01

192

Temporal distribution of blood donations in three Brazilian blood centers and its repercussion on the blood supply  

PubMed Central

Background Seasonal distribution of blood donation hinders efforts to provide a safe and adequate blood supply leading to chronic and persistent shortages. This study examined whether holidays, geographical area and donation type (community versus replacement) has any impact on the fluctuation of donations. Methods The numbers of blood donations from 2007 through 2010 in three Brazilian Retrovirus Epidemiological Donor Study II (REDS-II) participating centers were analyzed according to the week of donation. The weeks were classified as holiday or non-holiday. To compare donations performed during holiday versus non-holiday weeks, tabulations and descriptive statistics for weekly donations by blood center were examined and time series analysis was conducted. Results The average weekly number of donations varied according to the blood center and type of week. The average number of donations decreased significantly during Carnival and Christmas and increased during the Brazilian National Donor Week. The fluctuation was more pronounced in Recife and Belo Horizonte when compared to São Paulo and higher among community donors. Conclusion National bank holidays affect the blood supply by reducing available blood donations. Blood banks should take into account these oscillations in order to plan local campaigns, aiming at maintaining the blood supply at acceptable levels.

Oliveira, Claudia Di Lorenzo; de Almeida-Neto, Cesar; Liu, Emily Jing; Sabino, Ester Cerdeira; Leao, Silvana Carneiro; Loureiro, Paula; Wright, David; Custer, Brian; Goncalez, Thelma Therezinha; Capuani, Ligia; Busch, Michael; Proietti, Anna Barbara de Freitas Carneiro

2013-01-01

193

The silence of Good Samaritan kidney donation in Australia: a survey of hospital websites.  

PubMed

It is common for living donor candidates to use the Internet as a tool to enhance their decision-making process. Specifically, the websites of transplant hospitals can potentially be a vital source of information for those contemplating living donation. In an effort to explore the low incidence of Good Samaritan kidney donation (donations to strangers) in Australia, two raters conducted a nine-attribute website content analysis for all hospitals which participate in these transplants (n = 15). Overall, the concept of living donation is relatively silent on Australian hospital websites. Only four hospitals mention their living donor program, and only one mentions their Good Samaritan program. No site linked directly to Australia's AKX Paired Kidney Exchange Program - the only program which facilitates pair and chain transplants in Australia. Further, information about deceased donation is nearly absent as well. An individual with the altruistic desire to donate will generally find scant or absent information about donation at the website of their local transplant hospital, although this information could easily be present as an educational tool which supports the consent process. Using a hospital website to educate the public about a clinical service should not be viewed as ethically problematic (solicitation), but rather an ethical essential. PMID:23383858

Bramstedt, Katrina A; Dave, Sameer

2013-02-05

194

DETERMINATION OF THE ATTITUDES OF TURKISH INFERTILE WOMEN TOWARDS SURROGACY AND OOCYTE DONATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To determine the attitudes toward gestational surrogacy and egg donation amongst the Turkish married infertile females. Methodology: This descriptive study was carried out in a maternity hospital. Patients were 250 married women who had applied for infertility treatment. Results: Of the participants (n=250), 60 females (24.0%) answered positive attitude for surrogate motherhood and 65 (26.0%) for egg donation. Among

Selim Kilic; Muharrem Ucar; Hakan Yaren; Mahir Gulec; Adnan Atac; Fatma Demirel; Ceren Karabulut; Ozlem Demirel

195

Ocean Margins Program: Closure on the global carbon cycle. Program description  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy`s Ocean Margins Program (OMP) is designed to quantitatively assess the importance of coastal ocean systems in the global carbon cycle. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, human energy-related activities have dramatically altered the global carbon cycle, and consequently, this cycle is not presently in a steady-state. To reduce major uncertainties in predicting future global environmental quality, it is imperative to understand the sources and sinks of atmospheric CO{sub 2}, the role of anthropogenic activities in disrupting the natural carbon cycle, and the effects of, and feedbacks between, these activities and the natural carbon cycle. Due to continuously increased loading of nutrients to the margins, which, globally, is related to the rate of human population growth and high population densities in coastal states, biological carbon fixation has been stimulated. Depending on the fate of the fixed carbon, this stimulation has the potential to mitigate the anthropogenically derived Co{sub 2}. Determining the factors that control the magnitude of carbon exchanges between the ocean margins and the atmosphere, and the subsequent fate of this carbon, is crucial to predicting the strength and capacity of the oceans to absorb excess anthropogenic atmospheric CO{sub 2}. The goals of the OMP are to: quantify the ecological and biogeochemical processes and mechanisms that define the cycling, flux, and storage of carbon and other biogenic elements at the land/ocean interface; identify how ocean-margin sources and sinks of carbon change in response to human activities; and determine whether continental shelves are quantitatively significant in removing atmospheric carbon dioxide and isolating it via burial in sediments or export to the interior of the open ocean.

Riches, M.R.

1994-08-01

196

The Influence of Viewing an Entertainment–Education Program on Cornea Donation Intention: A Test of the Theory of Planned Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to examine the role of issue involvement and the 3 components of the theory of planned behavior in predicting intentions to sign a cornea donor card. This study also compares viewers and nonviewers of an entertainment–education program in terms of issue involvement and the theory of planned behavior. The breakdown of effects for the latent constructs

Hyuhn-Suhck Bae; Seok Kang

2008-01-01

197

42 CFR 410.55 - Services related to kidney donations: Conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...PROGRAM SUPPLEMENTARY MEDICAL INSURANCE (SMI) BENEFITS Medical and Other Health Services...to kidney donations: Conditions. Medicare Part B pays for medical and other health services...has end-stage renal disease and is entitled to...

2012-10-01

198

Partnership for transplantation: a new initiative to increase deceased organ donation in Poland.  

PubMed

Despite the long-standing history of transplantation, the shortage of organs has remained its most restrictive factor. In 2010, the number of actual deceased organ donors in Poland was 13.5/million population (pmp). However, a huge difference in organ recovery rates is evident between various regions, eg, 32 pmp, in western Pomerania compared with 1-3 pmp in southern districts. A substantial number of patients who die while awaiting organ transplantations could be saved were effective programs able to overcome barriers in deceased organ donation. Such programs, eg, the European Donor Hospital Education Program, Donor Action, European Training Program on Organ Donation, United States Collaborative in Donation were introduced several years ago, but after transient improvements there has not been real progress. A new comprehensive program-Regional Partnership for Transplantation-was initiated a year ago in 4 districts of southern Poland by the Polish Union for Transplantation Medicine. The letter of intent to activate the donation program was signed by the local administration, the president of the local medical school, president of the Physician's Chamber, transplant centers, the Polish Union for Transplantation, and the Polish Transplant Coordinating Center. The plan of action included training of in-hospital coordinators, visits to all regional hospitals in company of a representative of the hospital founding body, examination of the real donation pool and the need for participation in a donation program training and education of the hospital staff in legal and organizational aspects of donation, brain death recognition, and various aspects of donor care. In addition, the program included communication skills workshops for intensive care unit physicians (with participation of 2 actors, an experienced anesthesiologist, and a psychologist), lectures for high school and university students and for hospital chaplains as well as alumni of higher seminaries. The preliminary results (after the first year) showed 40%-70% increases in activity of the local hospitals in the organ donation process. PMID:22974948

Kosieradzki, M; Czerwinski, J; Jakubowska-Winecka, A; Kubik, T; Zawilinska, E; Kobryn, A; Bohatyrewicz, R; Zieniewicz, K; Nyckowski, P; Becler, R; Snarska, J; Danielewicz, R; Rowinski, W

2012-09-01

199

Secondary donation of frozen embryos is more common after pregnancy initiation with donated eggs than after in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer and gamete intrafallopian transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the availability of donated cryopreserved embryos.Design: Retrospective review.Setting: Community hospital-based donor oocyte program.Patient(s): Eighty-nine consecutive infertile couples and women who had 94 sets of embryos cryopreserved after pregnancy initiation with unfertilized donated eggs between January 1, 1991 and December 31, 1996.Intervention(s): Cryopreservation of fertilized ova or cleaving embryos.Main Outcome Measure(s): Disposition of frozen embryos as of June

Bette Sehnert; Ryszard J Chetkowski

1998-01-01

200

Who donates their body to science? An international, multicenter, prospective study.  

PubMed

The altruistic act of body donation provides a precious resource for both teaching and researching human anatomy. However, relatively little is known about individuals who donate their bodies to science (donors), and in particular whether donors in different geographical locations share similar characteristics. A multicenter prospective survey of donors registering during 2010 in three different geographical locations, New Zealand, Ireland, and the Republic of South Africa, was conducted to identify donor characteristics. The 28-question survey included sections on body donation program awareness, reasons for donating, giving tendency, education, ethnicity, relationship status, occupation, religion, and political preference. Two hundred surveys (81%) were returned [New Zealand 123 (85% response rate), Republic of South Africa 41 (67%), and Ireland 36 (92%)]. Results indicate that donors share certain characteristics including reason for donating (80% cited a desire to aid medical science as the main reason for wishing to donate their body); family structure (most donors are or have been in long-term partnerships and ? 85% have siblings); and a higher proportion with no religious affiliation compared to their reference population. Some variations between locations were noted including donor age, the mode of program awareness, occupation, relationship status, political preference, organ donor status and with whom donors had discussed their decision to donate. This information could be important for assisting the identification of potential body donors in new and established bequest programs. PMID:22508582

Cornwall, Jon; Perry, Gary F; Louw, Graham; Stringer, Mark D

2012-04-16

201

Fixed-bed gasification research using US coals. Volume 1. Program and facility description  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Interior, Bureau of Mines, Twin Cities Research Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota is the site of a 6.5 foot diameter Wellman-Galusha gasifier, installed in 1977-1978. This gasifier, combustor/incinerator, and flue gas scrubber system in the past had been operated jointly by Bureau of Mines personnel, personnel from member companies of the Mining and Industrial Fuel Gas Group, and United States Department of Energy personnel-consultants. Numerous tests using a variety of coals have to date been performed. In May of 1982, Black, Sivalls and Bryson, Incorporated (BS and B) was awarded the contract to plan, execute, and report gasification test performance data from this small industrial fixed-bed gasification test facility. BS and B is responsible for program administration, test planning, test execution, and all documentation of program activities and test reports. The University of Minnesota, Particle Technology Laboratory (UMPTL) is subcontractor to BS and B to monitor process parameters, and provide analysis for material inputs and outputs. This report is the initial volume in a series of reports describing the fixed-bed gasification of US coals at the Bureau of Mines, Twin Cities Research Center. A history of the program is given in Section 1 and a thorough description of the facility in Section 2. The operation of the facility is described in Section 3. Monitoring systems and procedures are described in Sections 4 and 5. Data reduction tools are outlined in Section 6. There is no executive summary or conclusions as this volume serves only to describe the research program. Subsequent volumes will detail each gasification test and other pertinent results of the gasification program. 32 references, 23 figures, 15 tables.

Thimsen, D.; Maurer, R.E.; Poole, A.R.; Pui, D.; Liu, B.; Kittleson, D.

1984-10-01

202

WHO donates vaccines.  

PubMed

Considered a national disaster, the epidemic of cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM) in Ghana merits the mobilization of all available resources against it. Dr. Sylvester Anemana, Northern Regional Director of Health Services, announced at a meeting of the Regional Coordinating Council, District Chief Executives, and Heads of Departments in Tamale that the Northern Region of the country has received its first consignment of 500,000 doses of vaccines against CSM from the World Health Organization (WHO). Use of the doses will initially be concentrated in the endemic districts of East and West Mamprusi, Saboba/Chereponi, Yendi, Tamale, Savelugu/Nanton, Tolon/Kumbungu, and Gushiegu/Karaga. However, as soon as the rest of the vaccines arrive, a mass immunization program will be undertaken to immunize everyone in the region within 2 weeks. Needles, syringes, and other medical supplies will also be sent to the districts. The CSM vaccines will be administered only by trained personnel, such as student-nurses. The District Chief Executives were asked to raise awareness about the disease and measures in place to control it, and to help dispel the notion in some communities that deaths resulting from the disease are caused by witchcraft. District assemblies were also urged to help transport medical teams to immunization sites. Funds will be given to districts for fuel and field worker allowances. PMID:12294204

203

Entrepreneurial ventures and whole-body donations: a regional perspective from the United States.  

PubMed

Human cadavers are crucial to medical science. While the debate on how to secure sufficient cadavers has focused primarily on donors' behaviors, procuring organizations' roles in increasing donations remain less explored. The United States offers a unique setting in which to examine this question since entrepreneurial ventures supplying cadavers for medical science have recently emerged alongside traditional academic-housed programs, raising both hopes and fears about their impact on whole-body donations. To assess their potential impact, an archival survey of voluntary, in-state whole-body donors to two programs procuring in the same U.S. state was conducted. The programs' specimen recipients were also analyzed. One program is academic-housed and the other is an entrepreneurial venture. Both offered equal levels of financial support to donating parties. Eighty donations and 120 specimen shipping invoices from 2005 were analyzed in each program. Donations to the two programs did not significantly differ in terms of donors' sex, marital status, maximum educational level, and estimated hourly wage. The entrepreneurial venture's donors were, however, significantly younger, more likely to be from a minority group, and more likely to have died from cancer. For-profit organizations, continuing medical training organizations, and medical device companies were more likely recipients of the entrepreneurial venture's specimens. Non-profit and academic organizations were more likely recipients of the academic-housed program's specimens. These findings suggest that although the programs procured from a somewhat similar pool of donors, they also complemented one another. The entrepreneurial program procured donations that the academic-housed program often did not attract. Specimen recipients' distinct demands partly explain these procurement behaviors. Thus, organizational efforts to meet demands seem to shape the supply. Examining organizations alongside donors might provide new answers to secure donations. PMID:18158205

Anteby, Michel; Hyman, Mikell

2007-12-26

204

Aspects of deceased organ donation in paediatrics.  

PubMed

Organ transplantation offers children in acute or chronic severe organ failure similar opportunities to adults. However, while the number who might benefit is relatively low, significantly fewer cadaveric donors exist for any given child compared with an adult. Incompatible organ size and relatively low donation rates mean that despite living parental donation and innovations to reduce donated organ size, children die before organs become available. The severity of the UK situation is compounded by restrictions on paediatric living donation, uncertainties over the application of brain death criteria, and ethical concerns about the use of donation after circulatory death. The UK Department of Health's Organ Donation Task Force suggested the means by which the adult donor pool might be increased, recommending that outstanding ethical and legal issues be resolved, but made no specific recommendations about children. PMID:22194438

Brierley, J; Hasan, A

2012-01-01

205

To give is better than to receive: compliance with WHO guidelines for drug donations during 2000-2008  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To assess drug donations in terms of their adherence to the drug donation guidelines put forth by the World Health Organization (WHO). Methods In 2009 we searched the academic and lay literature – journal articles, media articles and industry and donor web sites – to identify reports about drug donations made from 2000 to 2008. Publications focusing on molecular mechanisms of drug action, general descriptions of guidelines or specific one-time drug donations before 2000 were excluded. For cases with sufficient information, we assessed compliance with each of the 12 articles of WHO‘s guidelines. Findings We found 95 articles describing 96 incidents of drug donations between 2000 and 2008. Of these, 50 were made in response to disaster situations, 43 involved the long-term donation of a drug to treat a specific disease and 3 were drug recycling cases. Disaster-related donations were less likely to comply with the guidelines, particularly in terms of meeting the recipient’s needs, quality assurance and shelf-life, packaging and labelling, and information management. Recipient countries were burdened with the costs of destroying the drugs received through inappropriate donations. Although long-term donations were more likely to comply with WHO guidelines related to quality assurance and labelling, they did not consistently meet the needs of the recipients. Furthermore, they discouraged local drug production and development. Conclusion Drug donations can do more harm than good for the recipient countries. Strengthening the structures and systems for coordinating and monitoring drug donations and ensuring that these are driven by recipient needs will improve adherence to the drug donation guidelines set forth by WHO.

Carson, Brittany; Moller, Helene; Hill, Suzanne

2010-01-01

206

Religious justifications for donating body parts.  

PubMed

May discusses religious justifications for organ donation as alternatives to marketplace purchase, voluntary donation, and routine salvaging. He responds to Feinberg's proposal for a national system of salvaging and his criticism of the tendency to invest a dead body with symbolism that hampers organ donation. After exploring the implications for transplantation of the Christian Scientist, dualist, and Gnostic outlooks, May considers aspects of the Judeo-Christian tradition that influence attitudes toward organ donation and transplantation. He calls upon religious institutions to assume a leadership role in arousing conscience and in encouraging organized giving of organs. PMID:3980204

May, W F

1985-02-01

207

Training of Health Care Students and Professionals: A Pivotal Element in the Process of Optimal Organ Donation Awareness and Professionalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveSuccesses in organ donation and transplantation programs are directly evidence-based education. Transplant Procurement Management (TPM) is an international educational project on organ donation and transplantation. Our purpose was to evaluate the TPM educational project. We compared the data of 17 years of experience, strategies, and methods.

G. Paez; R. Valero; M. Manyalich

2009-01-01

208

Making meaning in the legacy of tissue donation for donor families.  

PubMed

CONTEXT-Individuals needing lifesaving (heart valves, skin grafts for repair of critical burn injuries) and life-enhancing (corneas, bone and tendon grafts, skin, and veins) tissue donations outnumber the tissues available for transplant. OBJECTIVE-To describe the grief family members experienced 6 months after donation and to learn how family decision makers gained meaning from the decision to donate a loved one's tissues. This is phase 1 of a longitudinal study in which family decision makers will be surveyed again at 13 and 25 months after donation. DESIGN-Qualitative descriptive.Participants-One hundred seven family decision makers whose family member died a traumatic sudden death and who authorized donating tissues for transplant. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS-Data were written responses to the questions, "If you could ask or tell your dead family member something, what would it be?" and "What meaning does donating tissue to others have for you?" Data were analyzed by using content analysis procedures. RESULTS-Concepts derived from the first question represent the context of family members grieving the sudden death of a loved one. Concepts were (1) feeling empty, (2) missing and loving, (3) being grateful, and (4) having regrets. The concepts derived from the second question were (1) fulfilling their family member's wish, (2) doing the right thing, (3) believing something good came from the death, (4) helping others, and (5) living on. Reasons for donating were based, in part, on honoring the legacy of their loved ones who had given of themselves to others in life and now continued to give to others after death. CONCLUSION-The results of this study provide a basis for health professionals and donation staffs to better understand the context within which families grieve and give meaning to tissue donation. PMID:23782667

Hogan, Nancy S; Coolican, Maggie; Schmidt, Lee A

2013-06-01

209

Exploring Donation Decisions: Beliefs and Preferences for Organ Donation in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors explored common beliefs and preferences for posthumous and living organ donation in Australia where organ donation rates are low and little research exists. Content analysis of discussions revealed the advantage of prolonging/saving life whereas disadvantages differed according to donation context. A range of people/groups perceived…

Hyde, Melissa K.; White, Katherine M.

2010-01-01

210

U.S.-MEXICO BORDER PROGRAM ARIZONA BORDER STUDY--DESCRIPTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Descriptive Questionnaire data set provides demographic information about each of the households and indicates the primary respondent within each residence. The information is from 249 Descriptive Questionnaires for 249 households. The database contains only a portion of th...

211

Pregnancy after immature oocyte donation and intracytoplasmic sperm injection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To report a case of pregnancy from in vitro-matured primary oocytes fertilized by ICSI. The pregnancy occured in a woman who was in an oocyte donation program; the woman's husband had normal sperm parameters.Design: Case report.Setting: Private general hospital affiliated with a university hospital.Patient(s): A recipient with premature ovarian failure, a recipient's husband with normal sperm, and a pregnant

Jiann-Loung Hwang; Yu-Hung Lin; Yieh-Loong Tsai

1997-01-01

212

Organ Donation: Don't Let These Myths Confuse You  

MedlinePLUS

... organ donation. Myth: Organ donation is against my religion. Fact: Organ donation is consistent with the beliefs of most major religions. This includes Roman Catholicism, Islam, most branches of ...

213

78 FR 3023 - Draft Policy on Donations, Fundraising, and Solicitation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...roles and responsibilities of the Service's Donations Senior Manager and employees authorized to accept donations. It provides...donations. Background The Department of the Interior issued ``ETHICS AND CONDUCT, Employee Responsibilities and Conduct,...

2013-01-15

214

The Colombian conflict: a description of a mental health program in the Department of Tolima  

PubMed Central

Colombia has been seriously affected by an internal armed conflict for more than 40 years affecting mainly the civilian population, who is forced to displace, suffers kidnapping, extortion, threats and assassinations. Between 2005 and 2008, Médecins Sans Frontières-France provided psychological care and treatment in the region of Tolima, a strategic place in the armed conflict. The mental health program was based on a short-term multi-faceted treatment developed according to the psychological and psychosomatic needs of the population. Here we describe the population attending during 2005-2008, in both urban and rural settings, as well as the psychological treatment provided during this period and its outcomes. We observed differences between the urban and rural settings in the traumatic events reported, the clinical expression of the disorders, the disorders diagnosed, and their severity. Although the duration of the treatment was limited due to security reasons and access difficulties, patient condition at last visit improved in most of the patients. These descriptive results suggest that further studies should be conducted to examine the role of short-term psychotherapy, adapted specifically to the context, can be a useful tool to provide psychological care to population affected by an armed conflict.

2009-01-01

215

Parental consent for pediatric cadaveric organ donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the cadaveric donor organ shortage has been recognized for over a decade, the disparity between the number of organs needed and the actual number available for transplantation has escalated dramatically. Three reasons for this shortage have been proposed: families are not asked about organ donation, brain death is not pronounced by physicians, and families deny consent for organ donation

A. H. Weiss; R. H. Fortinsky; J. Laughlin; B. Lo; N. E. Adler; C. Mudge; R. J. Dimand

1997-01-01

216

Giving Ourselves: The Ethics of Anatomical Donation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In some European countries, such as Italy, medical education is threatened by a dearth of anatomical specimens. Such a shortage could spread to other nations, including the United States. This article addresses two ethical questions in body donation. Why might people choose to donate their bodies to education and science? What sorts of ethical…

Gunderman, Richard B.

2008-01-01

217

Female College Students' Perceptions of Organ Donation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current process of organ donation in the U.S. relies on the premise of altruism or voluntary consent. Yet, human organs available for donation and transplant do not meet current demands. The literature has suggested that college students, who represent a large group of potential healthy organ donors, often are not part of donor pools. Before…

Boland, Kathleen; Baker, Kerrie

2010-01-01

218

Ovum donation: examining the new Israeli law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ovum donation affords countless couples that under natural circumstances would not be able to produce offspring the ability to carry out natural pregnancies. With advancements in biotechnology including egg collection and in vitro fertilization (IVF), physicians can now successfully implant fertilized embryos. Due to Israel's tremendous involvement in IVF for its own citizens, the national laws that govern egg donation

Benjamin F. Gruenbaum; Zachary S. Pinchover; Eitan Lunenfeld; Alan Jotkowitz

219

Giving Ourselves: The Ethics of Anatomical Donation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In some European countries, such as Italy, medical education is threatened by a dearth of anatomical specimens. Such a shortage could spread to other nations, including the United States. This article addresses two ethical questions in body donation. Why might people choose to donate their bodies to education and science? What sorts of ethical…

Gunderman, Richard B.

2008-01-01

220

Psychosocial profile in favor of organ donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionThe lack of organ donation continues to be a major limiting factor in transplantation. Our aims are: (1) to define the psychosocial profile against organ donation, and (2) to determine the impact of a law on the procurement and transplantation of organs based on “presumed consent” in the population.

C Conesa; A Ríos; P Ramírez; M. M Rodríguez; P Rivas; M Canteras; P Parrilla

2003-01-01

221

The Milwaukee Parental Choice Program: Descriptive Report on Participating Schools 2008-2009. SCDP Milwaukee Evaluation Report #17  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the third in a series of annual reports produced by the School Choice Demonstration Project (SCDP) that will provide descriptive information about the schools participating in the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program (MPCP). This year's report contains a new section that examines schools from both the public and private sectors that…

Kisida, Brian; Jensen, Laura I.; Wolf, Patrick J.

2010-01-01

222

A court?mandated workshop for the younger children of divorcing parents: A description and program evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a description and empirical evaluation of a pre?divorce workshop established by the Family Court of Allen County, Indiana, for the younger children (ages 7?11; N = 112) of divorcing parents. Highlighted are the concerns of the children, the approaches taken by the workshop staff, and the impact of the program on the participants. The preventive nature of

David M. Young

1984-01-01

223

Pre-donation Hydration and Applied Muscle Tension Combine to Reduce Presyncopal Reactions to Blood Donation  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND A randomized controlled trial was conducted to test the effects of hydration and applied muscle tensing on presyncopal reactions to blood donation. Both interventions are designed to prevent the decreases in blood pressure that can contribute to such reactions, but due to the distinct physiological mechanisms underlying their pressor responses it was hypothesized that a combined intervention would yield the greatest benefit. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Prior to blood donation, first- and second-time blood donors (Mean Age = 20.2 years, SD = 4.9) were randomly assigned to: 1) standard donation, 2) placebo (leg exercise prior to venipuncture), 3) pre-donation water, or 4) pre-donation water and leg exercise during donation. RESULTS Main effects of group were observed for phlebotomist classification of vasovagal reactions, X2 (3) = 8.38, p<0.05, and donor reports of presyncopal reactions, X2 (3) = 13.16, p < 0.01. Follow-up analyses of phlebotomist classifications revealed fewer reactions in the pre-donation water and pre-donation water and leg exercise groups relative to placebo but not standard donation. Follow-up analyses of self-reported reactions revealed that women, but not men, had lower scores in both the pre-donation water and pre-donation water and leg exercise groups relative to both placebo and standard donation. CONCLUSION Pre-donation hydration and a combination of hydration and leg exercise may help attenuate presyncopal reactions in relatively novice donors, although future studies with larger samples are required to confirm this effect.

France, Christopher R.; Ditto, Blaine; Wissel, Mary Ellen; France, Janis L.; Dickert, Tara; Rader, Aaron; Sinclair, Kadian; McGlone, Sarah; Trost, Zina; Matson, Erin

2010-01-01

224

An Expanded Program of Vocational Rehabilitation: Methodology and Descriptions of Client Population.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purposes of this report are to provide: (1) an overview of the Wood County, Wisconsin Project methodology, including a description of the experimental and control areas, the research design, and the instrumentation used to assess the impact of services; and (2) a description of the client populations in terms of selected pre-rehabilitation…

Wright, George N.; And Others

225

Perceptions and Attitudes Towards Organ Donation Among People Seeking Healthcare in Tertiary Care Centers of Coastal South India  

PubMed Central

Background: Organ transplantation is the most preferred treatment modality for end-stage organ diseases. The need for the transplants is higher than the availability. Prerequisites for the success of transplantation program include awareness and positive attitudes. Aim: To assess the perceptions and attitudes of the people seeking health care in tertiary care centers towards organ donation in Mangalore, India. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study included 863 people seeking general healthcare as outpatients. Materials and Methods: Face to face interviews were carried out using pretested tools which included the socio demographic data. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 11.5. Results: Overall, 59.6% participants showed the willingness to donate organs. Females (64.1%) and participants from upper socio economic status (62.7%) had higher willingness rates for organ donations. Hindus (63.6%) and Christians (63.3%) had higher willingness rates for organ donations than Muslims (38.2%). Also, 23.7% participants showed willingness to donate eyes and 33.6% wished to donate any organ after death. Most of the participants (67%) were aware that money should not be accepted for donating organs, and 58.1% were aware that it is an offence to accept any benefit for organ donations. Forty percent participants had perceived risks associated with organ donation. Regarding donor cards, 42.3% of the participants knew about it and 3.7% already possessed it. Conclusion: It is apparent from the study that though there was high level of awareness about organ donation, a high proportion of the participants did not have positive attitudes towards organ donation.

Mithra, Prasanna; Ravindra, Prithvishree; Unnikrishnan, B; Rekha, T; Kanchan, Tanuj; Kumar, Nithin; Papanna, Mohan; Kulkarni, Vaman; Holla, Ramesh; Divyavaraprasad, K

2013-01-01

226

Who Are We? Collaborative Inquiry and the Description of One State's Principal Preparation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A profile of one state's principal preparation programs is presented in this article. The collaborative inquiry process used to develop a program narrative instrument and to capture data on characteristics of all 17 state-approved programs in the state of Indiana is provided. The statewide preparation program characteristics profiled in this…

Black, William

2011-01-01

227

Program of Research on the Economics of Invasive Species Management, Fiscal Year 2008, Competitive Award Program: Description and Application Process.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Under PREISM (Program of Research on the Economics of Invasive Species Management), ERS supports and conducts research to improve the economic basis of decisionmaking concerning invasive issues, policies, and programs. Since the inception of PREISM, progr...

2008-01-01

228

Description and Texts for the Auxiliary Programs for Processing Video Information on the Yes Computer. Part 3: Test Program 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The functions were discribed and the operating instructions, the block diagram and the proposed versions are given for modifying the program in order to obtain the statistical characteristics of multi-channel video information. The program implements cert...

V. I. Borisenko, G.G Z. A. Stetsenko

1980-01-01

229

Blood donation on posters: a worldwide review.  

PubMed

Originally pasted on walls and on locations reserved specially for that purpose, the poster is a medium for advertising and promotion to be seen on the streets and in public places. More recently, it has spread, in a smaller format, on dedicated indoor sites: billboards, columns, street furniture, and so forth. For transfusion, it appeared early on that the poster constitutes an important medium to promote blood donation. Thousands of posters supporting regional, national, or international blood donation campaigns have been created all over the planet, with a great variability of images, symbols, and slogans, which are particularly revealing about the image and the reality of blood donation. The topic is rich in information, particularly sociologic, on the variety of ways in which transfusion organizations promote blood donation. The authors present in this article the results of a study based on a total of 283 posters from nations on every continent, divided into 24 different themes. PMID:22070660

Lefrère, Jean-Jacques; Danic, Bruno

2011-11-09

230

Why do People Vote for Charitable Donations?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This experimental study tests which of the following two explanations of why people vote for charitable donations is behaviorally more relevant. According to the low-cost theory, people trade-off a \\

Jean-Robert Tyran

231

78 FR 57539 - Charitable Donation Accounts  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...donation account (CDA), a hybrid charitable and investment vehicle described below, as an...account (``CDA'') is a hybrid charitable and investment vehicle, satisfying the conditions...establish a CDA using a trust vehicle, the trustee must...

2013-09-19

232

Donation after cardiac death: where, when, and how?  

PubMed

The continuing shortage of donors has led to the increasing use of marginal grafts. Surgical techniques such as split, domino, and living donations have not been able to decrease waiting list mortality. Donation after cardiac death (DCD) was the only source of grafts prior to the establishment of brain death criteria in 1968. Thereafter, donation after brain death emerged as the leading source of grafts. The context in which irreversible cessation of circulatory and respiratory functions happens was the cornerstone to definite the four categories of DCD by the First International Workshop on DCD held in Maastricht in 1995. Controlled (CDCD) and uncontrolled (UDCD) categories now account for 10%-20% of the donor pool in several countries. Despite initial high rates of primary nonfunction and ischemic-type biliary lesions, refinements in protocols and surgical techniques have led to excellent 1- and 3-year graft survivals of 80% and 70%, respectively with PNF and ITBL rates below 3%. The institution of UDCD and CDCD depends on legal considerations of presumed consent and withdrawal of maneuvers, respectively. The potential for DCD programs is huge; it may be the only real, effective way to increase the grafts pool, both in adult and pediatric populations. Recent advances in perfusion machines will surely optimize this donor pool and allow new therapies for graft resuscitation. PMID:22841187

Ciria, R; Briceno, J; Rufian, S; Luque, A; Lopez-Cillero, P

233

System description of the Repository-Only System for the FY 1990 systems integration program studies. [CONTAINS GLOSSARY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document provides both functional and physical descriptions of a conceptual high-level waste management system defined as a Repository-Only System. Its purpose is to provide a basis for required system computer modeling and system studies initiated in FY 1990 under the Systems Integration Program of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM). The Repository-Only

R. W. McKee; J. R. Young; G. J. Konzek

1991-01-01

234

Baylor SBIRT Medical Residency Training Program: model description and initial evaluation.  

PubMed

The Baylor College of Medicine SBIRT Medical Residency Training Program is a multilevel project that trains residents and faculty in evidenced-based screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) methods for alcohol and substance use problems. This paper describes the training program and provides initial evaluation after the first year of the project. The program was successfully incorporated into the residency curricula in family medicine, internal medicine, and psychiatry. Initial evaluations indicate a high degree of satisfaction with the program and, despite a slight decrease in satisfaction scores, participants remained satisfied with the program after 30 days. Implementation barriers, solutions, and future directions of the program are discussed. PMID:22738000

Bray, James H; Kowalchuk, Alicia; Waters, Vicki; Laufman, Larry; Shilling, Elizabeth H

2012-01-01

235

Organ donation in the Middle East countries.  

PubMed

More than 29 countries have membership of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation (MESOT), and collectively these countries have a population > 600 million. These include all Arab countries, Iran, Turkey, Pakistan, and countries of central Asia. There are common features of organ transplantation in the Middle East countries that include inadequate preventive medicine, uneven health infrastructure, poor awareness in the medical community and public at large of the importance of the organ donation and transplantation, and poor government support of organ transplantation. In addition, there is lack of team spirit among transplant physicians, lack of planning for organ procurement and transplant centers, and lack of effective health insurance. Patients seek commercial transplantation most of the time. The number of patients on waiting lists for organ transplantation increases with time, and the gap is growing between supply and demand of organs in the MESOT countries. Living organ donation is the most widely practiced type of donation in the Middle East and includes kidney and partial liver. Cadaveric organ donation has great potential in the Middle East Nevertheless, this source is still not used properly because of the continued debate in the medical community about the concept of brain death and inadequate awareness of the public of the importance of organ donation and transplantation in many countries in this region. There are 3 dominant and distinctive models for practice: the Saudi, Iranian, and Pakistani models. The Saudi model includes a national organ procurement center as a governmental agency to supervise organ donation and transplantation. The Iranian model consists of renal graft donation from living people. The Pakistani model is a funding model for management of end-stage organ failure in developing countries. Organ donation and transplantation are hampered with obstacles in MESOT countries. Solutions need continuous work on many fronts. Local experiences can be implemented into new improved models that can help overcome current obstacles. PMID:19484868

Shaheen, Faissal A M

2009-01-01

236

Just love in live organ donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emotionally-related live organ donation is different from almost all other medical treatments in that a family member or,\\u000a in some countries, a friend contributes with an organ or parts of an organ to the recipient. Furthermore, there is a long-acknowledged\\u000a but not well-understood gender-imbalance in emotionally-related live kidney donation. This article argues for the benefit\\u000a of the concept of just

Kristin Zeiler

2009-01-01

237

Race and ethnicity in decisions about unrelated hematopoietic stem cell donation.  

PubMed

Large international registries of potential unrelated hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) donors, including the National Marrow Donor program (NMDP), continue to face difficulties finding matched donors for racial/ethnic minorities. One reason, in addition to the generally less common HLA types among minority patients, is the much higher registry attrition rate of racial/ethnic minorities compared with whites. Reasons for the higher attrition among minority potential donors remain unexplained. The goal of our cross-sectional telephone interview study was to generate a diverse sample of potential HSC donors who have preliminarily matched a patient and to identify factors associated with race/ethnicity and with the decision to continue toward potential donation or to opt out of the registry. Multiple culturally related, psychosocial, and donation-related factors were associated both with race/ethnic group membership and attrition from the registry. The most consistent factor associated with opting out of the registry across all race/ethnic groups was ambivalence about donation: doubts and worries, feeling unsure about donation, wishing someone else would donate in one's place. Our findings suggest that universal donor recruitment and management approaches based on reducing donation-related ambivalence and tailored messages and strategies for each of the individual race/ethnic groups are important. PMID:23258921

Switzer, Galen E; Bruce, Jessica G; Myaskovsky, Larissa; DiMartini, Andrea; Shellmer, Diana; Confer, Dennis L; Abress, Linda K; King, Roberta J; Harnaha, Allyson G; Ohngemach, Sibylle; Dew, Mary Amanda

2012-12-20

238

Unspecified kidney donation--a review of principles, practice and potential.  

PubMed

Unspecified kidney donation is an emerging resource to bridge the gap between supply and demand of kidneys for transplantation. However, uncertainty remains among both the transplantation community and lay public with regard to the intention, motivation, and legitimacy of such donors. Even within programs that use unspecified kidney donors, there is a lack of consensus regarding how to optimize the potential of the gifted kidney (and indirectly potentiate the altruistic benefit for the donor). Despite emerging guidance on how to work up unspecified donors, centers have adopted individualized unspecified donor pathways with regards to assessment, evaluation, and use. There are a variety of models for unspecified kidney donation, ranging from donation directly to deceased-donor waiting lists to benefit one recipient or chain transplantations occurring simultaneously (domino-paired donation) or nonsimultaneously (extended altruistic donor chains) to benefit many. After a brief exploration on the basis of altruism, this review will discuss the assessment, evaluation, and reported outcomes associated with unspecified kidney donation. It will also critique current utilization models and highlight some unresolved controversies. The aim is to highlight the principles, practice, and potential of unspecified kidney donation to bridge the current disparate international practice. PMID:23778567

Sharif, Adnan

2013-06-27

239

Undergraduate nursing students' knowledge and attitudes towards organ donation in Korea: Implications for education.  

PubMed

Organ donation from brain dead patients is a contentious issue in Korea within the cultural context of Confucian beliefs. Each year thousands of patients wait for organ donation note poor donation rates and importance of nurses in identifying potential donors. It is therefore important to identify knowledge levels and attitudes towards organ donation from brain dead patients of nursing students as future health workers. Using a 38-item instrument previously developed by the researchers, 292 undergraduate students in a Korean nursing college were surveyed in 2003 in Korea (response rate 92%). Validity and reliability of the instrument was demonstrated using a multiple analytical approach. A lack of knowledge regarding diagnostic tests and co-morbid factors of brain death were noted among students. Their attitudes toward organ donation were somewhat mixed and ambiguous, but overall they were positive and willing to be a potential donor in the future. While this study identified that an effective educational program is necessary for nursing students in Korea to improve their knowledge of brain death and organ donation, further research is also required to verify these single-site findings and improve the generalisability of results. PMID:16540211

Kim, Jung-Ran Theresa; Fisher, Murray J; Elliott, Doug

2006-03-15

240

Computer Series, 106. KC? Discoverer. A Computer Program for Descriptive Inorganic Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is an interactive database of chemical information called "KC? Discoverer: Exploring the Periodic Table." An overview of the program and details of specific functions are given. The uses of this program in teaching undergraduate inorganic chemistry are stressed. (CW)

Kotz, John C.

1989-01-01

241

Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant quality assurance program description: Overview and applications. Part 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document describes the Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant Project Quality Assurance Program. This program is being implemented to ensure the acceptability of high-level radioactive canistered waste forms produced by the Hanford Waste Vitrification Pla...

W. H. Caplinger

1990-01-01

242

EDUCI Library: A Description of FORTRAN IV Computer Programs for the IBM Systems 3/10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A library of 20 FORTRAN computer programs has been compilied, modified, and edited to provide in a single source a series of test scoring, data reduction, and evaluation programs for educators having access to small business-oriented computers. Summary details are provided for each program. (Author)

Baldauf, Richard B., Jr.

1975-01-01

243

Descriptive outcomes of the american lung association of ohio hypnotherapy smoking cessation program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypnosis smoking cessation treatment is one type of program available to smokers. This paper describes a large randomly selected sample from such a program, which has not been previously reported. During 1997, 2,810 smokers participated in single-session, group hypnotherapy smoking cessation programs sponsored by the American Lung Association of Ohio. A randomly selected sample of 452 participants completed telephone interviews

Karen Ahijevych; Ruth Yerardl; Nancy Nedilsky

2000-01-01

244

History and Description of the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) Motor Vehicle Fuel Economy Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the history of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) fuel economy program from the early 1970's up to and including the 1984 model year. (Beginning with the 1985 model year program significant changes were made to the program t...

C. D. Tyree

1982-01-01

245

EDUCI Library: A Description of FORTRAN IV Computer Programs for the IBM Systems 3/10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A library of 20 FORTRAN computer programs has been compilied, modified, and edited to provide in a single source a series of test scoring, data reduction, and evaluation programs for educators having access to small business-oriented computers. Summary details are provided for each program. (Author)|

Baldauf, Richard B., Jr.

1975-01-01

246

Baylor SBIRT Medical Residency Training Program: Model Description and Initial Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Baylor College of Medicine SBIRT Medical Residency Training Program is a multi-level project that trains residents and faculty in evidenced-based screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment methods for alcohol and substance use problems. This paper describes the training program and provides initial evaluation after the first year of the project. The program was successfully incorporated into the residency

James H. Bray; Alicia Kowalchuk; Vicki Waters; Larry Laufman; Elizabeth H. Shilling

2012-01-01

247

Description and Evaluation of the Orientation for Divorcing Parents: Implications for Postdivorce Prevention Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses design and evaluation issues of community-based programs for families experiencing marital separation and divorce. Reviews and discusses general programmatic issues; presents specific community-based program, The Orientation for Divorcing Parents; details evaluation of this program; and discusses implications of this literature review…

Buehler, Cheryl; And Others

1992-01-01

248

APPLE: Description and Evaluation of a Substance Abuse Education and Prevention Program for Collegiate Athletics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among college student groups, student athletes are at particular risk for alcohol and other drug abuse. The Athletic Prevention Programming and Leadership Education (APPLE) model is a substance abuse prevention program designed specifically for use in collegiate athletic departments. APPLE offers departments an environmental approach to education and programming regarding alcohol and other drugs. In this article we offer a

Susan J. Grossman; Elizabeth B. Smiley

1999-01-01

249

Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use prevention programs in u.s. Schools: a descriptive summary.  

PubMed

This report identifies the prevalence of state, local, and commercially developed substance abuse prevention programs in middle and high schools from 2001 to 2007, using survey data from nationally representative samples of 1,206 schools. Based on school administrators' reports, schools and school districts offer students an average of 1.62 prevention programs during their school years from elementary through high school. Bivariate and multivariate regression analyses were conducted with school demographic characteristics public versus private, size, population density, region of the country, school race/ethnic composition, and socioeconomic status of the student body (SES) as predictors of total number of programs that students received and of the relative use of local, state, and commercial programs. Schools in the West had significantly fewer prevention programs than those in other regions of the country. Students in predominantly White and in higher SES schools received significantly more prevention programs than students in majority African American, majority Hispanic, or in lower SES affluent schools. The most frequently reported programs that students received were locally developed. D.A.R.E. was the most widely adopted prevention program. Findings from this study suggest that schools often develop their own curriculum to suit their students' needs, and students are exposed to multiple prevention programs through their school years, making it difficult to examine the effectiveness of any single program in preventing and reducing substance use among students. PMID:23404662

Kumar, Revathy; O'Malley, Patrick M; Johnston, Lloyd D; Laetz, Virginia B

2013-12-01

250

Organ donation consanguinity or universality.  

PubMed

1. Neither the "Diseased Persons" nor the "Genetic Relations" provide an answer to "trading" in human body parts. 2. Live human body constitutes a vital source of supply of organs and tissues and the possibilities of optimum utilisation should be explored. 3. There is no scope for dogmatic postures and open-mindedness should be the approach while dealing with the issue of Organ Transplantation. 4. Society owes a duty to save the file of a dying man and in the event of failure to do so, it is absolutely immoral to interfere with his own arrangements by making unrealistic laws. No immorality is involved if an individual disposes of his spare body parts for a valid consideration to a needy person. 5. The scarcity needs to be urgently overcome otherwise unwarranted trade and crime are liable to thrive. 6. Families are not unconnected or antagonistic fragments of humanity. After thousands of years of continuous efforts the individuals on this earth have attained the stage of organic and functional integration. Atomisation of society on the basis of consanguineous proximities amounts to reversing this holistic trend. Organ transplantation is a functional expression of a highly evolved pursuit with inherent and intimate interaction in the form of organic exchange at the individual level, independent of consanguineous inducements or motivations. As such there is absolutely no scope for restricting organ donations by strangers. 7. Commercialisation should be curbed by making the enforcement agencies more efficient and not by depriving a needy person of his genuine requirements. Legislative craftsmanship lies in providing an answer without curtailing the freedom of the people. PMID:8692005

Kishore, R R

1996-01-01

251

A Computer-Assisted Instruction Program on How To Use a Library Card Catalog: Description, Program, and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The computer program described is written in BASIC and, although it was developed for use at Slippery Rock State College, it could be adapted easily for other libraries using Library of Congress classification and cataloging rules. The program uses simple sequences of instructions and explanations followed by questions. Branching is employed to…

Wood, Richard J.

252

Inconsistent Ontology Handling by Translating Description Logics into Defeasible Logic Programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Semantic Web is a future vision of the web where stored information has exact meaning, thus enabling computers to understand and reason on the basis of such information. Assigning semantics to web resources is addressed by means of ontology definitions which are meant to be written in an ontology description language such as OWL-DL that is based on so-called

Sergio Alejandro Gómez; Carlos Iván Chesñevar; Guillermo Ricardo Simari

2007-01-01

253

Air Force procedure for predicting aircraft noise around airbases: Airbase operations program (BASEOPS) description  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A user manual is presented for the BASEOPS 3.00 program developed by AAMRL/BBE. The installation, use and limitations of this program is described. BASEOPS is the menu driven computerized airbase operations input program used in doing airbase noise assessments under the USAF Air Installation Compatible Use Zone (AICUZ) program. BASEOPS will create a file that can be directly interfaced to the NOISEMAP 6.0 program, used to calculate the total noise exposure from these input operations. BASEOPS contains default performance profiles (takeoff and landing) for Military Transient and Civil aircraft. The program also allows the user to create a NOISEMAP input file for any subset of the input data through a Global Editing Menu. This can be used for quickly creating multiple noise analyses for different operational input scenarios.

Lee, Robert A.; Mohlman, Henry T.

1990-01-01

254

Causes Why Organ Donation Was Not Carried Out Despite the Deceased Being Positive to Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies have shown that over 70% of the population is positive to donate their organs after their death. Despite this it is not unusual for organ donation to be not performed. The aim of this overview was to identify factors that may have an influence on this failure despite the deceased being positive. This is a review of 343

A. Flodén; M. Kelvered; I. Frid; L. Backman

2006-01-01

255

HZETRN: Description of a free-space ion and nucleon transport and shielding computer program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The high-charge-and energy (HZE) transport computer program HZETRN is developed to address the problems of free-space radiation transport and shielding. The HZETRN program is intended specifically for the design engineer who is interested in obtaining fast and accurate dosimetric information for the design and construction of space modules and devices. The program is based on a one-dimensional space-marching formulation of

John W. Wilson; Francis F. Badavi; Francis A. Cucinotta; Judy L. Shinn; G. D. Badhwar; R. Silberberg; C. H. Tsao; L. W. Townsend; R. K. Tripathi

1995-01-01

256

System description of the Repository-Only System for the FY 1990 systems integration program studies. [CONTAINS GLOSSARY  

SciTech Connect

This document provides both functional and physical descriptions of a conceptual high-level waste management system defined as a Repository-Only System. Its purpose is to provide a basis for required system computer modeling and system studies initiated in FY 1990 under the Systems Integration Program of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM). The Repository-Only System is designed to accept 3000 MTU per year of spent fuel and 400 equivalent MTU per year of high-level wastes disposal in the geologic repository. This document contains both functional descriptions of the processes in the waste management system and physical descriptions of the equipment and facilities necessary for performance of those processes. These descriptions contain the level of detail needed for the projected systems analysis studies. The Repository-Only System contains all system components, from the waste storage facilities of the waste generators to the underground facilities for final disposal of the wastes. The major facilities in the system are the waste generator waste storage facilities, a repository facility that packages the wastes and than emplaces them in the geologic repository, and the transportation equipment and facilities for transporting the wastes between these major facilities. 18 refs., 39 figs.

McKee, R.W.; Young, J.R.; Konzek, G.J.

1991-07-01

257

Enhancing Teamwork Between Chief Residents and Residency Program Directors: Description and Outcomes of an Experiential Workshop  

PubMed Central

Background An effective working relationship between chief residents and residency program directors is critical to a residency program's success. Despite the importance of this relationship, few studies have explored the characteristics of an effective program director-chief resident partnership or how to facilitate collaboration between the 2 roles, which collectively are important to program quality and resident satisfaction. We describe the development and impact of a novel workshop that paired program directors with their incoming chief residents to facilitate improved partnerships. Methods The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education sponsored a full-day workshop for residency program directors and their incoming chief residents. Sessions focused on increased understanding of personality styles, using experiential learning, and open communication between chief residents and program directors, related to feedback and expectations of each other. Participants completed an anonymous survey immediately after the workshop and again 8 months later to assess its long-term impact. Results Participants found the workshop to be a valuable experience, with comments revealing common themes. Program directors and chief residents expect each other to act as a role model for the residents, be approachable and available, and to be transparent and fair in their decision-making processes; both groups wanted feedback on performance and clear expectations from each other for roles and responsibilities; and both groups identified the need to be innovative and supportive of changes in the program. Respondents to the follow-up survey reported that workshop participation improved their relationships with their co-chiefs and program directors. Conclusion Participation in this experiential workshop improved the working relationships between chief residents and program directors. The themes that were identified can be used to foster communication between incoming chief residents and residency directors and to develop a curriculum for chief resident development.

McPhillips, Heather A.; Frohna, John G.; Murad, M. Hassan; Batra, Maneesh; Panda, Mukta; Miller, Marsha A.; Brigham, Timothy P.; Doughty, Robert A.

2011-01-01

258

The National Hispanic Scholar Awards Program. A Descriptive Analysis of High-Achieving Hispanic Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1984, a study was conducted to assess the degree to which the goals of the National Hispanic Scholar Awards Program were being met. The purposes of the study were to: (1) describe the pool of applicants in 1983-84, the program's first year, and compare Hispanic Scholars (winners) with Hispanic Honorable Mentions (awardees) and Semifinalists who…

Clewell, Beatriz Chu; Joy, Myra Ficklen

259

Fiscal Year 2007 Homeland Security Grant Program and H.R. 1: Description and Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On January 5, 2007, the Office for Grants and Training - within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) - issued the FY2007 Homeland Security Grant Program: Program Guidance and Application Kit, to states and localities. On January 10, 2007, the House o...

S. Maguire S. Reese

2007-01-01

260

7 CFR 4290.10 - Description of the Rural Business Investment Company Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RBICâ) Program is a Developmental Venture Capital program for the purpose of promoting economic development and the creation of wealth and job opportunities in Rural Areas and among individuals living in such Areas. To this end, the Secretary will select and...

2010-01-01

261

Description of an Intensive Dialectical Behavior Therapy Program for Multidiagnostic Clients with Eating Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors describe an intensive outpatient dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) program for multidiagnostic clients with eating disorders who had not responded adequately to standard, empirically supported treatments for eating disorders. The program integrates DBT with empirically supported cognitive behavior therapy approaches that are well…

Federici, Anita; Wisniewski, Lucene; Ben-Porath, Denise

2012-01-01

262

Description of an Intensive Dialectical Behavior Therapy Program for Multidiagnostic Clients with Eating Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors describe an intensive outpatient dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) program for multidiagnostic clients with eating disorders who had not responded adequately to standard, empirically supported treatments for eating disorders. The program integrates DBT with empirically supported cognitive behavior therapy approaches that are well…

Federici, Anita; Wisniewski, Lucene; Ben-Porath, Denise

2012-01-01

263

A Descriptive Evaluation of the Federal Class-Size Reduction Program: Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The federal Class-Size Reduction (CSR) Program, P.L. 105-277, begun in Fiscal Year 1999, represented a major federal commitment to help school districts hire additional qualified teachers, especially in the early elementary grades, so children would learn in smaller classes. The CSR program also allowed funds to be spent as professional…

Millsap, Mary Ann; Giancola, Jennifer; Smith, W. Carter; Hunt, Dana; Humphrey, Daniel C.; Wechsler, Marjorie E.; Riehl, Lori M.

2004-01-01

264

Oklahoma's Pilot Early Childhood Program Birth Through Three Years: Description, Evaluation, and Policy Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the initiation of a statewide public-private partnership to expand and enhance services for infants, toddlers, and their families. It presents information regarding the initiation and implementation of the project; the program requirements, including those for professional development; and the design of a three-phase program evaluation. Preliminary results from the first two phases of the evaluation are presented

Diane M. Horm; Carla B. Goble; Michelle Boatright; Cindy G. Decker; Nichol Noble; Deborah J. Norris

2009-01-01

265

A program description of orbit-prints: Contours of power density at the geostationary orbit  

Microsoft Academic Search

A computer program is described which calculates the contours of terrestrial-emitter power density measured at or near the geostationary orbit. The program calculates the power density for an array of points located on the inside surface of a sphere described by the geostationary orbit. The theory and calculations used assumed free-space propagation. The geometry allows for arbitrary aiming of the

W. A. Kissick; D. N. Rebol

1977-01-01

266

A Program Description of 'Orbit - Prints': Contours of Power Density at the Geostationary Orbit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes a computer program which calculates the contours of terrestrial-emitter power density measured at or near the geostationary orbit. The program calculates the power density for an array of points located on the inside surface of a sphe...

W. A. Kissick D. N. Rebol

1977-01-01

267

World Perspective Case Descriptions on Educational Programs for Adults: Hong Kong.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Adult basic education (ABE) in Hong Kong includes mostly basic Chinese, but also some arithmetic and English. The emphasis is on teaching learners life skills. Both government-run programs and partially government-subsidized programs run by voluntary agencies such as Caritas and the YMCA are common. A case study was made of the Caritas ABE Centre…

Mak, Grace

268

Baylor SBIRT Medical Residency Training Program: Model Description and Initial Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Baylor College of Medicine SBIRT Medical Residency Training Program is a multilevel project that trains residents and faculty in evidenced-based screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) methods for alcohol and substance use problems. This paper describes the training program and provides initial evaluation after the…

Bray, James H.; Kowalchuk, Alicia; Waters, Vicki; Laufman, Larry; Shilling, Elizabeth H.

2012-01-01

269

Descriptive and Analytic Study of Compensatory Reading Programs. Addendum I to Volume I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the first of two addendums to a study report on compensatory reading programs in U.S. public schools, the results of a study of noteworthy schools and summer reading programs are presented. The noteworthy sample included 23 schools funded under title I...

D. A. Trisman M. I. Waller K. Butler-Nalin

1976-01-01

270

A Description of a Male-Focused Breastfeeding Promotion Corporate Lactation Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of the father has been identified as one of the strongest influences on the initiation and duration of breastfeeding by mothers in the United States. This report describes a corporate lactation program that focuses on promoting breastfeeding throug h male employees. Since 1990, a full-time on-site lactation program has been offered to male employees at the Los Angeles

Rona Cohen; Linda Lange; Wendy Slusser

2002-01-01

271

Summer Reading: Description and Evaluation of a Program for Children and Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a Title I summer program in which teachers and aides visited children's homes weekly with the objectives of (1) increasing the amount of reading done by the children during the summer and (2) involving parents in reading activities with their children. Evaluates the program, noting the benefits reported by children, parents, and…

Gambrell, Linda B.; Jarrell, Mary E.

1980-01-01

272

The "Stay Alive from Education" (SAFE) Program: Description and Preliminary Pilot Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and tests the Stay Alive from Education (SAFE) program, a one-hour behavior modification program that informs students of the dangers associated with driving under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol and not wearing seat belts. Quantitative data seem to suggest that students may change their driving behaviors due to the influence of…

Wilkins, Tamara Tucker

2000-01-01

273

Descriptive Study of AmeriCorps Literacy Programs: State and National. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AmeriCorps is composed of three programs, State and National; National Civilian Community Corps (NCCC); and Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA). The focus of this report is on the AmeriCorps State/National program. Education-related activities have been a priority for AmeriCorps' parent organization, the National Corporation for Public…

Moss, Marc; Hiller, Jordan; Moore, Douglas

274

Oklahoma's Pilot Early Childhood Program Birth through Three Years: Description, Evaluation, and Policy Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the initiation of a statewide public-private partnership to expand and enhance services for infants, toddlers, and their families. It presents information regarding the initiation and implementation of the project; the program requirements, including those for professional development; and the design of a three-phase program

Horm, Diane M.; Goble, Carla B.; Boatright, Michelle; Decker, Cindy G.; Noble, Nichol; Norris, Deborah J.

2009-01-01

275

World Perspective Case Descriptions on Educational Programs for Adults: Hong Kong.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult basic education (ABE) in Hong Kong includes mostly basic Chinese, but also some arithmetic and English. The emphasis is on teaching learners life skills. Both government-run programs and partially government-subsidized programs run by voluntary agencies such as Caritas and the YMCA are common. A case study was made of the Caritas ABE Centre…

Mak, Grace

276

Educating the Scientific\\/Technical Information Specialist: Description of the Program at the University of Tennessee  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five concentrations have been introduced as part of a major redesign of the University of Tennessee-Knoxville School of Information Sciences (SIS) program. One of the concentrations currently offered is “Scientific and Technical Information.” This paper describes the background, environment, and content of the concentration, as well as plans for the future of the concentration, the program in general, and the

W. David Penniman

1998-01-01

277

Computer defined description of course programs in higher education of engineers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Connection of higher education programs with industrial engineering activities in order to establish practice oriented bachelor and master degrees is an old wish of education in engineering. In a trend towards more problem solving specific and laboratory intensive programs for engineers, earlier concepts and methods in computer system based higher education are revised and new possibilities by using of information

Jozsef Gati; Gyula Kartyas

2011-01-01

278

Descriptive Assessment of Exercise Program on Fitness and Correlates of Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To assess health-related fitness, physical activity correlates, and completion of a half-marathon using a 3-day training program in a college community. Methods: 26 volunteers participated in a 20-week, half-marathon training program. Results: All participants completed the half-marathon. Positive changes in health-related fitness and…

Lanier, Angela Baldwin; Jackson, Erica Marie; Azar-Dickens, John; Anderson, Brock; Briggs, Meredith

2012-01-01

279

A description of a male-focused breastfeeding promotion corporate lactation program.  

PubMed

The role of the father has been identified as one of the strongest influences on the initiation and duration of breastfeeding by mothers in the United States. This report describes a corporate lactation program that focuses on promoting breastfeeding through male employees. Since 1990, a full-time on-site lactation program has been offered to male employees at the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, a public utility company. The male program participants are from diverse backgrounds. Participation in the Fathering Program has grown since 1990 based on word of mouth, fathers' interest in the benefits of breastfeeding for the infant, and the female partners' interest in getting a free pump rental. This report illustrates the viability of a breastfeeding support program that targets male employees and that is offered in a corporate setting. PMID:11845740

Cohen, Rona; Lange, Linda; Slusser, Wendy

2002-02-01

280

[Social medicine service of undergraduate medicine students in the Hospitalary Donation Coordination area of the Mexican Institute of Social Security].  

PubMed

The cadaveric or donor-related transplant is a worldwide priority program. In Mexico, the human hospitalary resources primarily assigned to issues about donation and transplant are scarce. In our country, recent legal changes permit that undergraduate medicine students under University linking programs can be integrated in activities that guarantee a social profit, for example, the hospitalary donation coordination of the Mexican Institute of Social Security. This is a proposal with a legal framework, based in experiences of the Barcelona Provincial Hospital Clínic, that integrate undergraduate medicine students as monitors in the Hospitalary Donation Coordination area of the Mexican Institute of Social Security who are available 24 hours. During this social service stage, undergraduate medical students can benefit their community by optimizing potential for transplants via hospital organ donations. PMID:22768817

Maya-Álvarez, Jorge Arturo; Lechuga-García, Rafael; Querevalú-Murillo, Walter

281

Consenting to donation: an examination of current practices in informed consent for tissue donation in the US  

PubMed Central

Informed consent is the primary moral principle guiding the donation of human tissue for transplant purposes. When patients’ donation wishes are not known, family members making the decision about tissue donation should be provided with requisite information needed to make informed donation decisions. Using a unique dataset of 1,016 audiotaped requests for tissue obtained from 15 US tissue banking organizations, we examined whether the information provided to families considering tissue donation met current standards for informed consent. The results indicated that many elements of informed consent were missing from the donation discussions, including the timeframe for procurement, autopsy issues, the involvement of both for-profit and nonprofit organizations, and the processing, storage and distribution of donated tissue. A multiple linear regression analysis also revealed that nonwhites and family members of increased age received less information regarding tissue donation than did younger, white decision makers. Recommendations for improving the practice of obtaining consent to tissue donation are provided.

Siminoff, Laura A.

2012-01-01

282

Condensation of Water on Dry Salt Crystals. Description of the Computer Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A computer program for simulating the condensation of water vapor on dry salt crystals after entering the human respiratory system is described. The calculations are based on the quasi-stationary transport equations for mass and heat transfer. Both equati...

G. A. Ferron

1975-01-01

283

10 CFR Appendix A to Part 605 - The Energy Research Program Office Descriptions  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...implementing appropriate outreach activities. 3. Fusion Energy The magnetic fusion energy program is an applied research and development...information required to design and construct magnetic fusion energy systems. This goal is pursued by three...

2007-01-01

284

10 CFR Appendix A to Part 605 - The Energy Research Program Office Descriptions  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...implementing appropriate outreach activities. 3. Fusion Energy The magnetic fusion energy program is an applied research and development...information required to design and construct magnetic fusion energy systems. This goal is pursued by three...

2012-01-01

285

10 CFR Appendix A to Part 605 - The Energy Research Program Office Descriptions  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...implementing appropriate outreach activities. 3. Fusion Energy The magnetic fusion energy program is an applied research and development...information required to design and construct magnetic fusion energy systems. This goal is pursued by three...

2008-01-01

286

10 CFR Appendix A to Part 605 - The Energy Research Program Office Descriptions  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...implementing appropriate outreach activities. 3. Fusion Energy The magnetic fusion energy program is an applied research and development...information required to design and construct magnetic fusion energy systems. This goal is pursued by three...

2011-01-01

287

A Description and Evaluation of Selected Educational Components of Community Action Programs: Portland Attachment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Reed Community Adult Literacy Training Program is intended to provide tutoring in reading, English, arithmetic and math, social studies and related subjects for adults who are usually described as functionally illiterate.

1967-01-01

288

10 CFR Appendix A to Part 605 - The Energy Research Program Office Descriptions  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...engineering problems in the energy technologies. Long-term research topics of current interest include: foundations of bioprocessing...technologies, risk assessment, energy/environment and other timely topics. The purpose of the program is the development and use of...

2013-01-01

289

MCA (Military Construction, Army) Mobilization Program Subsystem (MOBPRO): Functional Description and Subsystem Design.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Through mobilization construction programming, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is responsible for providing the facilities needed for the mobilization of the Army. To fulfill the requirement of a rapid response to a specific or changing mobilizat...

I. Adiguzel J. Clark J. McGurk J. S. Cath

1989-01-01

290

Training and Personnel Systems Technology R&D Program Description FY85-86.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This notebook provides an overview of the Manpower, Personnel and Training (MPT) program for FY85 and FY86. It has been assembled for use of laboratory planners and managers and headquarters personnel in the Services and OSD.

P. Chatelier L. Richards L. Loughnane

1985-01-01

291

The Basic Structure of Community Early Intervention Programs for Children with Autism: Provider Descriptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autism researchers have identified a set of common effective practice elements for early intervention (EI) (e.g., intensive\\u000a programming). The current study examined the reported use of common elements of effective interventions in community EI settings.\\u000a Eighty EI providers reported about their programs. The majority of participants reported using common effective elements,\\u000a however, the depth and quality of the use of

Aubyn C. Stahmer

2007-01-01

292

Description and evaluation of a behaviorally oriented school-based preventive mental health program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes and evaluates an adaptation of a school-based preventive mental health program. Teachers at one school and college student volunteers at another used behavioral reinforcement techniques to work with groups of maladapting 2nd graders. Evaluation of the 8-wk intervention program included a 7-mo follow-up. Experimental Ss improved significantly more than controls in classroom adjustment. Results support a school-based model of

Joseph A. Durlak

1977-01-01

293

[Blood donation: mechanic solidarity versus organic solidarity].  

PubMed

The article offers a reflection of blood donation in an hemocenter of Santa Catarina, with a mechanic and organic solidarity approach. It discuss the way of life in contemporary globalization and the cult of speed in a context pervaded by uncertainties and adversities. People live in a fast world, making social interaction difficult, contributing to the weakening of values and attitudes that could improve the quality of life. Considering the difficulties of everyday contemporary society, concerning Brazilian hemotherapy history on blood donation, there is a perception that attitudes and values, such as solidarity, have been modifying in subtle ways with a background of current events. It searches for understanding of blood donation as mechanic and organic solidarity. PMID:20521008

Pereima, Rosane Suely May Rodrigues; Reibnitz, Kenya Schmidt; Martini, Jussara Gue; Nitschke, Rosane Gonçalves

294

Training and Manpower Development Activities Supported by the Administration on Aging Under Title IV-A of the Older Americans Act of 1965, as Amended. Program Descriptions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This compilation of brief program descriptions is intended to provide information about current projects being supported by the Administration on Aging (AoA) under the Older Americans Act of 1965, as amended. Descriptions were prepared by staff from the Division of Manpower Resources, and generally are edited versions of project summaries…

Administration on Aging (DHEW), Washington, DC.

295

U.S.-MEXICO BORDER PROGRAM ARIZONA BORDER STUDY--STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR CODING: DESCRIPTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE (UA-D-6.0)  

EPA Science Inventory

This purpose of this SOP is to define the coding strategy for the Descriptive Questionnaire. This questionnaire was developed for use in the Arizona NHEXAS project and the Border study. Keywords: data; coding; descriptive questionnaire. The U.S.-Mexico Border Program is sponso...

296

Gulf Coast geopressured-geothermal program summary report compilation. Volume 2-A: Resource description, program history, wells tested, university and company based research, site restoration  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy established a geopressured-geothermal energy program in the mid 1970`s as one response to America`s need to develop alternate energy resources in view of the increasing dependence on imported fossil fuel energy. This program continued for 17 years and approximately two hundred million dollars were expended for various types of research and well testing to thoroughly investigate this alternative energy source. This volume describes the following studies: Geopressured-geothermal resource description; Resource origin and sediment type; Gulf Coast resource extent; Resource estimates; Project history; Authorizing legislation; Program objectives; Perceived constraints; Program activities and structure; Well testing; Program management; Program cost summary; Funding history; Resource characterization; Wells of opportunity; Edna Delcambre No. 1 well; Edna Delcambre well recompletion; Fairfax Foster Sutter No. 2 well; Beulah Simon No. 2 well; P.E. Girouard No. 1 well; Prairie Canal No. 1 well; Crown Zellerbach No. 2 well; Alice C. Plantation No. 2 well; Tenneco Fee N No. 1 well; Pauline Kraft No. 1 well; Saldana well No. 2; G.M. Koelemay well No. 1; Willis Hulin No. 1 well; Investigations of other wells of opportunity; Clovis A. Kennedy No. 1 well; Watkins-Miller No. 1 well; Lucien J. Richard et al No. 1 well; and the C and K-Frank A. Godchaux, III, well No. 1.

John, C.J.; Maciasz, G.; Harder, B.J.

1998-06-01

297

A Descriptive Study of Athletic Training Education Programs Based on Findings on CAATE Standard H and Program Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is limited research that describes the evaluation procedures utilized by Athletic Training Education Programs (ATEP). The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the process the CAATE member institutions use to assess outcome-based standards in Standard H. This research used a cross-sectional study design. A survey link…

Golly, Heather Louise

2011-01-01

298

WINDOW 4.0: Program description. A PC program for analyzing the thermal performance of fenestration products  

SciTech Connect

WINDOW 4.0 is a publicly available IBM PC compatible computer program developed by the Windows and Daylighting Group at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory for calculating total window thermal performance indices (e.g. U-values, solar heat gain coefficients, shading coefficients, and visible transmittances). WINDOW 4.0 provides a versatile heat transfer analysis method consistent with the rating procedure developed by the National Fenestration Rating Council (NFRC). The program can be used to design and develop new products, to rate and compare performance characteristics of all types of window products, to assist educators in teaching heat transfer through windows, and to help public officials in developing building energy codes. WINDOW 4.0 is a major revision to WINDOW 3.1 and we strongly urge all users to read this manual before using the program. Users who need professional assistance with the WINDOW 4.0 program or other window performance simulation issues are encouraged to contact one or more of the NFRC-accredited Simulation Laboratories. A list of these accredited simulation professionals is available from the NFRC.

Not Available

1992-03-01

299

Program Descriptions and Research Findings: The Parent Readers Program and Its Adaptations in Schools and Adult Literacy Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An intergenerational literacy program addresses the needs of adult students enrolled in remedial reading classes at a community college. Their classroom behavior marked by passivity or anxiety, these students are usually able to derive the surface meanings of familiar text, but demonstrate little analytic or reflective thinking about what was…

Handel, Ruth D.

300

Functional process descriptions for the program to develop the Nuclear Waste Management System  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) is executing a plan for improvement of the systems implemented to carry out its responsibilities under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA). As part of the plan, OCRWM is performing a systems engineering analysis of both the physical system, i.e., the Nuclear Waste Management System (NWMS), and the programmatic functions that must be accomplished to bring the physical system into being. The purpose of the program analysis is to provide a systematic identification and definition of all program functions, functional process flows, and function products necessary and sufficient to provide the physical system. The analysis resulting from this approach provides a basis for development of a comprehensive and integrated set of policies, standard practices, and procedures for the effective and efficient execution of the program. Thus, this analysis will form a basis for revising current OCRWM policies and procedures, or developing new ones is necessary. The primary purposes of this report are as follows: (1) summarizes the major functional processes and process flows that have been developed as a part of the program analysis, and (2) provide an introduction and assistance in understanding the detailed analysis information contained in the three volume report titled The Analysis of the Program to Develop the Nuclear Waste Management System (Woods 1991a).

Woods, T.W.

1991-09-01

301

Descriptive outcomes of the American Lung Association of Ohio hypnotherapy smoking cessation program.  

PubMed

Hypnosis smoking cessation treatment is one type of program available to smokers. This paper describes a large randomly selected sample from such a program, which has not been previously reported. During 1997, 2,810 smokers participated in single-session, group hypnotherapy smoking cessation programs sponsored by the American Lung Association of Ohio. A randomly selected sample of 452 participants completed telephone interviews 5 to 15 months after attending a treatment session. Twenty-two percent of participants (n = 101) reported not smoking during the month prior to the interview. Use of other smoking cessation strategies since the treatment session were assessed. Interestingly, only 20% of participants who used pharmaceutical products to assist with smoking cessation took them for the recommended treatment duration. Hypnotherapy smoking cessation treatment offers an alternative cessation method, which may meet the unique needs of certain individuals. PMID:11011498

Ahijevych, K; Yerardi, R; Nedilsky, N

2000-10-01

302

Age Modulates attitudes to Whole Body Donation Among Medical Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a study to understand the effect of medical student age on the attitude towards whole body donation. Outcomes discussed include the shift in attitude toward the nature of body donation (family member, self, unrelated stranger).

2009-07-01

303

Infection control programs at children’s hospitals: A description of structures and processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Infection control (IC) structures and processes determine the effectiveness of surveillance efforts to prevent infections in health care settings. Methods: A survey was sent to 56 children’s hospitals collaborating in the Pediatric Prevention Network (PPN). Results: Completed surveys were returned from 48 hospitals. Responsibility for the IC program resided with the medical director (21%); vice president for patient care

Shirley Girouard; Gail Levine; Kathy Goodrich; Stephanie Jones; Harry Keyserling; Mobeen Rathore; Craig Rubens; Evelyn Williams; William Jarvis

2001-01-01

304

Upward Bound Math-Science: Program Description and Interim Impact Estimates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To help address continuing disparities in academic achievement and under-representation of disadvantaged groups in math and science majors and careers, the U.S. Department of Education (ED) established a math and science initiative in 1990 within Upward Bound, a federal grant program known as Upward Bound Math-Science (UBMS) designed to provide…

Olsen, Robert; Seftor, Neil; Silva, Tim; Myers, David; DesRoches, David; Young, Julie

2007-01-01

305

A Description of the Rock Point Community School Bilingual Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rock Point Community School's bilingual program is described. Located in the Navajo Nation in Northeast Arizona, the school began its English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction in 1960 and bilingual education in 1967. In 1982, the first high school seniors were graduated. By 1988, 43 percent of Rock Point students were dominant Navajo…

Reyhner, Jon

306

Transmission and orbital constraints in space-related programs \\/project description  

Microsoft Academic Search

An Air Force-sponsored research project for the design and development of a space system spectrum\\/orbital geometry requirement prediction capability is described. The two major components of the project are (1) a comprehensive space environment data base, and (2) a computer analysis program; in combination, these will allow the evaluation of engineering and architectural designs, the identification and analysis of both

A. L. Hiebert; A. F. Brewer

1980-01-01

307

The Zuni Life Skills Development Curriculum: Description and Evaluation of a Suicide Prevention Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a culturally tailored intervention program that was introduced in the Zuni pueblo tribal high school and evaluated using self-report, behavioral observation, and peer rating. Students exposed to the curriculum scored better than the no-intervention group at posttest on suicide probability and hopelessness. (JPS)|

LaFromboise, Teresa; Howard-Pitney, Beth

1995-01-01

308

A Bachelor of Science Toxicology Program: Description, Resources, Student Profiles and Graduate Placement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nine-year experience of the Northeast Louisiana University School of Pharmacy in developing an undergraduate toxicology program is described. A survey of 128 graduates revealed student characteristics and graduate employment and/or education patterns. Common job duties included industrial hygiene, analytical chemistry, technical writing,…

Ferguson, Paul W.; And Others

1991-01-01

309

Teaching and Beyond: Nonacademic Career Programs for Ph.D.'s. Selected Descriptions and Comments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Six university-based nonacademic programs to help academic Ph.D.s. make career changes are described. Included are comments of 15 Ph.D.s who prepared for college teaching careers but pursued other professions, as well as comments from mentors who assisted humanities/social science Ph.D.s to make career transitions. Nonacademic career efforts at…

Reilly, Kevin P., Ed.; Murdick, Sheila A., Ed.

310

Beluga: A Framework for Programming and Reasoning with Deductive Systems (System Description)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beluga is an environment for programming and reasoning about formal systems given by axioms and inference rules. It implements the logical framework LF for specifying and prototyping formal systems via higher-order abstract syntax. It also supports reasoning: the user implements inductive proofs about formal systems as dependently typed recursive functions. A distinctive feature of Beluga is that it not only

Brigitte Pientka; Joshua Dunfield

2010-01-01

311

Description of CORSET: a computer program for quantitative x-ray fluorescence analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantitative x-ray fluorescence analysis requires a method of correcting for absorption and secondary fluorescence effects due to the sample matrix. The computer program CORSET carries out these corrections without requiring a knowledge of the spectral distribution of the x-ray source, and only requires one standard per element or one standard containing all the elements. Sandia's version of CORSET has been

Stohl

1980-01-01

312

When Program Notes Don't Help: Music Descriptions and Enjoyment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The widespread practice of including program notes for classical concerts assumes that extramusical information affects musical experience, but the psychological mechanisms underlying this process are little understood. In this study, 16 people without formal musical training heard excerpts from Beethoven String Quartets prefaced by either a…

Margulis, Elizabeth Hellmuth

2010-01-01

313

WORLD Program Description, Goals and Objectives. Vocational English-as-a-Second Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A vocational English-as-a-Second Language program for limited-English-proficient adults enrolled in North Orange County Community College District courses was developed to meet the needs of this population. The limited-English-speaking population of the district is an immigrant and refugee population with people from a variety of language…

Coad, Cynthia

314

A Bachelor of Science Toxicology Program: Description, Resources, Student Profiles and Graduate Placement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The nine-year experience of the Northeast Louisiana University School of Pharmacy in developing an undergraduate toxicology program is described. A survey of 128 graduates revealed student characteristics and graduate employment and/or education patterns. Common job duties included industrial hygiene, analytical chemistry, technical writing,…

Ferguson, Paul W.; And Others

1991-01-01

315

A Descriptive Study of Selected Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title 1 Language Arts Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was concerned with an investigation and analysis of curricular and administrative change within specific categorically funded language arts programs and was directed toward the discovery and examination of the current status of curriculum development as related to the improvement of instruction and equilization of educational…

Houck, Douglas Wayne

316

Implementation and Evaluation of a Classification Algorithm Based on Structural Descriptions: Program Listing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The following LISP program listing was used to obtain the results displayed in a previous report. During the research phase of this project, a few changes in terminology occurred. While the previous report reflects the new nomenclature, some of the old te...

P. B. Silverstein

1990-01-01

317

Juvenile Justice: Status of Delinquency Prevention Program and Description of Local Projects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1992 reauthorization of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 5781 note) requires us to prepare and submit to Congress a study of the Title V program. On the basis of discussions with our offices we agreed to provide i...

1996-01-01

318

Computer generation of Feynman diagrams for perturbation theory. II. Program description  

Microsoft Academic Search

The program p. T. DIAGRAM GENERATlON written in FORTRAN IV for the S 360\\/; 75 computer is described for finding pertinent topologically distinct diagrams of ; the Hugenholtz type, which are necessany in calculations of correlation energies, ; ionization potentials, and electron affinities, excitation energies, and double ; ionization processes using the field theoretical form of the perturbation theory. ;

H. C. Wong; J. Paldus

1973-01-01

319

The Charm Parallel Programming Language and System: Part I - Description of Language Features  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a parallel programming system for developing machine independent programsfor all MIMD machines. Many useful approaches to this problem are seen to require a commonbase of support, which can be encapsulated in a language that abstracts over resource managementdecisions and machine specific details. This language can be used for implementingother high level approaches as well as for efficient application

L. v. Kale; B. Ramkumar; A. b. Sinha; A. Gürsoy

1995-01-01

320

The Zuni Life Skills Development Curriculum: Description and Evaluation of a Suicide Prevention Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

In collaboration with the Zuni pueblo, a culturally tailored intervention program was designed using a model of social cognitive development to remediate the behavioral and cognitive correlates of suicide. The Zuni Life Skills Development curriculum was introduced in the tribal high school and evaluated using a multimethod approach including self-report, behavioral observation, and peer rating. Students exposed to the curriculum

Teresa LaFromboise; Beth Howard-Pitney

1995-01-01

321

Descriptions of new varieties recently distributed from the Citrus Clonal Protection Program  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The Citrus Clonal Protection Program (CCPP) is operated through the Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology at University of California (UC) Riverside and is funded in large part by The California Citrus Research Board (CRB). The CCPP processes citrus propagative material in two phases. First...

322

Directed blood donation in pediatric general surgery: Is it worth it?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To date, there are no data to support the safety, efficacy, and cost-benefit ratio of donor-directed blood donation (DD). The objectives were to determine whether a DD program in pediatric general surgery practice is justified. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of the transfusion practice and all DD requests received by transfusion services in a full calendar year (1997)

P. W. Wales; Wendy Lau; P. C. W. Kim

2001-01-01

323

Clean energy and extreme poverty: The cost burden of donated solar home lighting systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

People living in extreme poverty may not be able to afford donated solar home lighting systems. These systems improve quality of life but they may not lift people out of poverty. Users must participate in savings programs, maintain savings themselves, or be able to arrange credit to pay for substantial future costs, such as battery replacement. The monthly savings needed

H. J. Corsair

2009-01-01

324

Media appeals for directed altruistic living liver donations: lessons from Camilo Sandoval Ewen.  

PubMed

Recently, a Canadian couple sought media help to find a person who was willing to donate part of his or her liver to their infant son, Camilo Sandoval Ewen, who suffered from biliary atresia. Although Canadian transplant programs do not perform transplants from non-emotionally related living donors, they are accepted by some U.S. transplant centers, particularly when donated in a nondirected fashion. This paper examines the ethical questions raised by media appeals for directed altruistic living donations of solid organs, specifically liver lobes, and argues that media-directed altruistic donations are ethically problematic. While they can and do succeed, they raise ethical concerns regarding (1) who has access to the media; (2) who will be successful in their media campaigns; and (3) how coercion and inducement by brokers (families or institutions) can be prevented. Justice requires that the media adopt a policy not to cover organ appeals by families, despite their human interest value, and that transplant centers develop a unified policy restricting directed living donations to those who have an emotional relationship. PMID:12114828

Ross, Lainie Friedman

2002-01-01

325

Quality Assurance Program description, Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Westinghouse Savannah River Company`s (WSRC) Quality Assurance Program for Defense Waste Processing at the Savannah River Site (SRS). WSRC is the operating contractor for the US Department of Energy (DOE) at the SRS. The following objectives are achieved through developing and implementing the Quality Assurance Program: (1) Ensure that the attainment of quality (in accomplishing defense high-level waste processing objectives at the SRS) is at a level commensurate with the government`s responsibility for protecting public health and safety, the environment, the public investment, and for efficiently and effectively using national resources. (2) Ensure that high-level waste from qualification and production activities conform to requirements defined by OCRWM. These activities include production processes, equipment, and services; and products that are planned, designed, procured, fabricated, installed, tested, operated, maintained, modified, or produced.

Maslar, S.R.

1992-11-02

326

Ventures in science status report, Summer 1992. [Program description and Evaluation Report  

SciTech Connect

The Ventures in Science summer program is directed towards students who are from underrepresented minority groups in mathematics and science professions. The target group of 40 was drawn from eligible students who will be entering high school freshman in the fall of 1992. 450 students applied. The theme for the summer is Chicago as an Ecosystem. The students are instructed in integrated math and science (2 hours), English/ESL (1 1/2 hrs.), counseling (1 hr.) and, physical education (1 hr.) each day four days a week. Integrated math and science are team taught. Parents are invited to participate in two workshops that will be presented based on their input. Parents may also visit the program at any time and participate in any field trip.

Not Available

1992-01-01

327

Probing Emissions of Military Cargo Aircraft: Description of a Joint Field Measurement Program  

SciTech Connect

Direct emissions of NOx, volatile organic compounds, and particulate matter (PM) by aircraft contribute to the pollutant levels found in the atmosphere. Aircraft emissions can be injected at the ground level or directly at the high altitude in flight. Conversion of the precursor gases into secondary PM is one of the pathways for the increased atmospheric PM. Atmospheric PM interacts with solar radiation altering atmospheric radiation balance and potentially contributing to global and regional climate changes. Also, direct emissions of air toxics, ozone precursors and PM from aircraft in and around civilian airports and military air bases can worsen local air quality in non-attainment and/or maintenance areas. These emissions need to be quantified. However, the current EPA methods for particle emission measurements from such sources, modified Method 5 and Conditional Test Method 039, are gravimetric-based, and it is anticipated that these methods will not be suitable for current and future generations of aircraft turbine engines, whose particle mass emissions are low. To evaluate measurement approaches for military aircraft emissions, two complementary projects were initiated in 2005. A joint field campaign between these two programs was executed during the first week of October 2005 at the Kentucky Air National Guard (KYANG) base in Louisville, KY. This campaign represented the first in a series of field studies for each program funded by the DoD Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) and provided the basis for cross-comparison of the sampling approaches and measurement techniques employed by the respective program teams. This paper describes the overall programmatic of the multi-year SERDP aircraft emissions research and presents a summary of the results from the joint field campaign.

Cheng, Mengdawn [ORNL; Corporan, E. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH; DeWitt, M. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH; Spicer, C. [Battelle, Columbus; Holdren, M. [Battelle, Columbus; Cowen, K. [Battelle, Columbus; Harris, B. [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Raleigh, North Carolina; Shores, R. [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Raleigh, North Carolina; Hashmonay, R. [Arcadis, Inc., Durham, North Carolina; Kaganan, R. [Arcadis, Inc., Durham, North Carolina

2008-01-01

328

Uncertainty and Description Logic Programs: A Proposal for Expressing Rules and Uncertainty on Top of Ontologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rule-based and object-oriented techniques are rapidly making their way into the infrastructure for representing and reasoning about the Se- mantic Web and combining these two paradigms emerges as an important objective. We present a new family of representation languages, which extents existing language families for the Semantic Web: namely Descrip- tion Logic Programs (DLPs) and DLPs with uncertainty (µDLPs). The

Umberto Straccia

329

Normative consent and organ donation: a vindication.  

PubMed

In an earlier article, I argued that David Estlund's notion of 'normative consent' could provide justification for an opt-out system of organ donation that does not involve presumptions about the deceased donor's consent. Where it would be wrong of someone to refuse their consent, then the fact that they have not actually given it is irrelevant, though an explicit denial of consent (as in opting out) may still be binding. My argument has recently been criticised by Potts et al, who argue that such a policy would involve taking organs from people whose organs should not be taken and would be a recipe for totalitarianism. The present response seeks to rebut both the ethical and political objections. I argue that people can indeed be under a moral obligation to donate their organs, even if they are not technically dead at the time and their donation does not save anyone else's life. Moreover, I argue that an opt-out system-unlike mandatory donation-is not totalitarian because it preserves the right of individuals to act morally wrongly, by opting out when they have no good moral reason to do so. The policy I propose is neither immoral nor totalitarian. PMID:21429959

Saunders, Ben

2011-03-23

330

Organ transplantation, organ donation and mental retardation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We reviewed the literature on accessibility and outcomes of organ transplantation in individuals with mental retardation (MR) and on the prevalence of organ donation in this population. Six centers have published outcome data on renal transplantation in 34 individuals with MR. The one- and three-yr patient survival rates were 100% and 90%, respectively. The studies reported good compliance with post-transplant

Marilee A. Martens; Linda Jones; Steven Reiss

2006-01-01

331

Grant and Donation in Financing Regional Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unbalanced regional development is mayor obstacle to general advancement and prosperity of the European Union. Object of research is significance and role of financial sources as main factor that determine the development. The authors analyzes the financing models for polycentric balanced development through grant’s and donations.

Branko Mati?; Hrvoje Serdaruši?

2008-01-01

332

Creating Persuasive Messages Advocating Organ Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most people state that they would be willing to be organ donors, however only a small percentage of the population has actually signed an organ donor card. These studies focused on persuasive messages that encourage people to sign organ donor cards. In the first study, people reported their attitudes and knowledge involving organ donation. Results indicated that donor card signing

Keith Weber; Matthew M. Martin; Michael Corrigan

2006-01-01

333

Organ donation: a population-based study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Through a population-based study, it was identified the prevalence of people's willingness to donate their own organs and from their relatives, evaluating associated factors in an adult population. It was also identified their understanding of cerebral death. Methodology: Cross-sectional study, with people aged 20 yr or older in the urban area of Pelotas, State of Rio Grande do Sul,

Franklin C. Barcellos; Cora Luiza Araujo; Juvenal Dias da Costa

2005-01-01

334

[Basic ethical aspects of living organ donation].  

PubMed

A characteristic feature of transplanting organs from living donors is that not only patients in need for treatment but also healthy individuals are submitted to medical interventions. Ethical considerations in this field have to deal with the question of property attributes of the human body and conflicts with traditional medical principles. Altruistic organ donation, appreciated by Christianity as a sign of charity, is indeed contradictory to the classic maxim of medical ethics "primum nihil nocere, " meaning "first of all, do not harm." The autonomous choice of a potential donor has to be balanced thoroughly against his personal physical and psychological risks. Apart from organ donation with altruistic motives, commercial incentives or payment for organ donation, which are increasingly under discussion in many nations, need profound ethical reflection. Organ selling does not lead to long-term economic benefit for individual donors in developing countries and is associated with a decline in health. A market system of organ sales would foster exploitation of the poor, and it is substantially doubtful whether autonomy and self determination are valid under circumstances of poverty and coercion. Commodification of the human body risks viewing persons as marketable objects. The human body,however, is an integral element of an individual's personality and not a resource to be removed. It is therefore fundamental that the social good of altruism is preserved as the major principle in organ donation. PMID:12883802

Nagel, E; Mayer, J

2003-06-01

335

Legal Conceptions: Regulating Gametes and Gamete Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing scope of gamete donation and themanipulation of gametes makes it essential to developa coherent theory of the nature of gametes and theclaims which may be made in relation to them. Thenature of gametes is ambiguous, they blur thedistinctions between persons and property, but thecurrent legal framework which governs gamete donationand manipulation fails to address their status. Thisleaves unanswered

Kath O'Donnell

2000-01-01

336

Blood Donation and Transfusion: A Primer for Health Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a primer for health educators about blood donation and transfusion, examining the nature of human blood, the background of blood transfusion, blood donation criteria, risks related to homologous blood transfusion, directed blood donation, potential alternatives to homologous transfusion, and resources for education on the subject. (SM)|

Felts, W. Michael; Glascoff, Mary A.

1991-01-01

337

British women's attitudes towards oocyte donation: Ethnic differences and altruism  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThis study assessed the importance of altruism and willingness to donate oocytes in British Asian and Caucasian samples. The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) was used to test the importance of attitudes towards oocyte donation, normative and control beliefs to attitudes to donate oocytes.

S. Purewal; O. B. A. van den Akker

2006-01-01

338

Socio-personal profile of teenagers opposed to organ donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The teenage population has a more favourable attitude towards organ donation than other population groups. Teenagers represent the future of the community and their opinion directly affects other family members and friends. Therefore, teenagers who are in favour of donation become promoters of organ donation in their area of influence. Our aim was to determine the opinion and fears

Catalina Conesa; Antonio Rios Zambudio; Pablo Ramirez; Manuel Canteras; Maria del Mar Rodriguez; Pascual Parrilla

339

78 FR 20217 - National Donate Life Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Donate Life Month, we renew the call for organ and tissue donation. Most people can be donors, and the need is...Americans of every background to learn the facts about organ and tissue donation, consider signing up for their State's...

2013-04-04

340

Egg and Embryo Donation and the Meaning of Motherhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a larger study on donor-assisted conception, this paper reports research which explored the ways in which women who have donated or received eggs or embryos interpret such donations in the context of motherhood. Narrative analysis of women's accounts revealed that egg and embryo donations are not interpreted as incompatible with motherhood; that they may be explained as

Maggie Kirkman

2003-01-01

341

A comprehensive joint replacement program for total knee arthroplasty: a descriptive study  

PubMed Central

Background Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a commonly performed surgical procedure in the US. It is important to have a comprehensive inpatient TKA program which maximizes outcomes while minimizing adverse events. The purpose of this study was to describe a TKA program – the Joint Replacement Program (JRP) – and report post-surgical outcomes. Methods 74 candidates for a primary TKA were enrolled in the JRP. The JRP was designed to minimize complications and optimize patient-centered outcomes using a team approach including the patient, patient's family, and a multidisciplinary team of health professionals. The JRP consisted of a pre-operative class, standard pathways for medical care, comprehensive peri-operative pain management, aggressive physical therapy (PT), and proactive discharge planning. Measures included functional tests, knee range of motion (ROM), and medical record abstraction of patient demographics, length of stay, discharge disposition, and complications over a 6-month follow-up period. Results All patients achieved medical criteria for hospital discharge. The patients achieved the knee flexion ROM goal of 90° (91.7 ± 5.4°), but did not achieve the knee extension ROM goal of 0° (2.4 ± 2.6°). The length of hospital stay was two days for 53% of the patients, with 39% and 7% discharged in three and four days, respectively. All but three patients were discharged home with functional independence. 68% of these received outpatient physical therapy compared with 32% who received home physical therapy immediately after discharge. Two patients (< 3%) had medical complications during the inpatient hospital stay, and 9 patients (12%) had complications during the 6-month follow-up period. Conclusion The comprehensive JRP for TKA was associated with satisfactory clinical outcomes, short lengths of stay, a high percentage of patients discharged home with outpatient PT, and minimal complications. This JRP may represent an efficient, effective and safe protocol for providing care after a TKA.

Cook, Jon R; Warren, Meghan; Ganley, Kathleen J; Prefontaine, Paul; Wylie, Jack W

2008-01-01

342

Physics Division Argonne National Laboratory description of the programs and facilities.  

SciTech Connect

The ANL Physics Division traces its roots to nuclear physics research at the University of Chicago around the time of the second world war. Following the move from the University of Chicago out to the present Argonne site and the formation of Argonne National Laboratory: the Physics Division has had a tradition of research into fundamental aspects of nuclear and atomic physics. Initially, the emphasis was on areas such as neutron physics, mass spectrometry, and theoretical studies of the nuclear shell model. Maria Goeppert Maier was an employee in the Physics Division during the time she did her Nobel-Prize-winning work on the nuclear shell model. These interests diversified and at the present time the research addresses a wide range of current problems in nuclear and atomic physics. The major emphasis of the current experimental nuclear physics research is in heavy-ion physics, centered around the ATLAS facility (Argonne Tandem-Linac Accelerator System) with its new injector providing intense, energetic ion beams over the fill mass range up to uranium. ATLAS is a designated National User Facility and is based on superconducting radio-frequency technology developed in the Physics Division. A small program continues in accelerator development. In addition, the Division has a strong program in medium-energy nuclear physics carried out at a variety of major national and international facilities. The nuclear theory research in the Division spans a wide range of interests including nuclear dynamics with subnucleonic degrees of freedom, dynamics of many-nucleon systems, nuclear structure, and heavy-ion interactions. This research makes contact with experimental research programs in intermediate-energy and heavy-ion physics, both within the Division and on the national and international scale. The Physics Division traditionally has strong connections with the nation's universities. We have many visiting faculty members and we encourage students to participate in our programs for performing thesis research. The Division in early 1999 has 105 full-time members [36 regular scientific (Ph.D. level) staff, 19 postdoctoral appointees and visitors, and 50 technical, administrative, and secretarial personnel] and an annual operating budget of about $17 million. On average, the Division annually supports 50 graduate and undergraduate students.

Thayer, K.J. [ed.

1999-05-24

343

ECOLOGICAL STUDIES AND MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF 'CLADOPHORA' IN LAKE HURON: 1. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION AND FIELD MONITORING OF GROWTH DYNAMICS (JOURNAL VERSION)  

EPA Science Inventory

A 3-year program was conducted to examine the ecology of Cladophora glomerata and to develop a mathematical model useful in evaluating various management strategies for the control of this nuisance alga. This manuscript provides a detailed description of the field program and stu...

344

Automated Critical PeakPricing Field Tests: 2006 Pilot ProgramDescription and Results  

SciTech Connect

During 2006 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and the Demand Response Research Center (DRRC) performed a technology evaluation for the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) Emerging Technologies Programs. This report summarizes the design, deployment, and results from the 2006 Automated Critical Peak Pricing Program (Auto-CPP). The program was designed to evaluate the feasibility of deploying automation systems that allow customers to participate in critical peak pricing (CPP) with a fully-automated response. The 2006 program was in operation during the entire six-month CPP period from May through October. The methodology for this field study included site recruitment, control strategy development, automation system deployment, and evaluation of sites' participation in actual CPP events through the summer of 2006. LBNL recruited sites in PG&E's territory in northern California through contacts from PG&E account managers, conferences, and industry meetings. Each site contact signed a memorandum of understanding with LBNL that outlined the activities needed to participate in the Auto-CPP program. Each facility worked with LBNL to select and implement control strategies for demand response and developed automation system designs based on existing Internet connectivity and building control systems. Once the automation systems were installed, LBNL conducted communications tests to ensure that the Demand Response Automation Server (DRAS) correctly provided and logged the continuous communications of the CPP signals with the energy management and control system (EMCS) for each site. LBNL also observed and evaluated Demand Response (DR) shed strategies to ensure proper commissioning of controls. The communication system allowed sites to receive day-ahead as well as day-of signals for pre-cooling, a DR strategy used at a few sites. Measurement of demand response was conducted using two different baseline models for estimating peak load savings. One was the CPP baseline model, which is based on the site electricity consumption from noon to 6 p.m. for the three days with highest consumption of the previous ten non-weekend days; it is not normalized for weather. The second model, the LBNL adjusted outside air temperature (OAT) regression baseline model, is based on OAT data and site electricity consumption from the previous ten days, and it is adjusted using weather regressions from the fifteen-minute electric load data during each event day. These baseline models were used to evaluate the demand reduction during each DR event for each site. The aggregated response from all sites for each event was also estimated using both baseline models. The evaluation research also included surveying the facility managers regarding any problems or issues that arose during the DR events. Questions covered occupant comfort, controls issues, and other potential problems. This 2006 Auto-CPP study included an assessment of the CPP economics for each site. This consisted of summing all of the credits on non-CPP days and subtracting the charges on CPP days. Estimates of the CPP economics without the demand response control strategies were also developed.

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila

2007-06-19

345

Description of the solid waste container corrosion program at the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

Waste management and environmental restoration are the Prime missions of the Hanford site, owned by the Department of Energy and operated by a management and operations contractor. The Site is located in southeast Washington State; its focus since World War II was the production of nuclear material to be used in atomic weapons but now is environmental cleanup. The cleanup of the site presents formidable challenges. The degradation of containers used to store radioactive and hazardous waste presents one of these challenges. Such containers, primarily 55 gallon (208 liter) drums, have been stored for eventual retrieval and re-packing for final disposal, some since 1970, in various types of environments. The expected degradation during storage must be estimated, verified, and predicted to allow prudent waste storage. several programs have been put into place at the Hanford Site to facilitate corrosion measurement and prediction.

Duncan, D.R.

1995-01-01

346

Aerobic Exercise for Alcohol Recovery: Rationale, Program Description, and Preliminary Findings  

PubMed Central

Alcohol use disorders are a major public health concern. Despite the demonstrated efficacy of a number of different treatments for alcohol dependence, relapse remains a major problem. Healthy lifestyle changes may contribute to long-term maintenance of recovery and interventions targeting physical activity, in particular, may be especially valuable as an adjunct to alcohol treatment. In this paper, we discuss the rationale and review potential mechanisms of action whereby exercise might benefit alcohol dependent patients in recovery. We then describe the development of a 12-week moderate-intensity aerobic exercise program as an adjunctive intervention for alcohol dependent patients in recovery. Preliminary data from a pilot study (n=19) are presented and the overall significance of this research effort is discussed.

Brown, Richard A.; Abrantes, Ana M.; Read, Jennifer P.; Marcus, Bess H.; Jakicic, John; Strong, David R.; Oakley, Julie R.; Ramsey, Susan E.; Kahler, Christopher W.; Stuart, Gregory G.; Dubreuil, Mary Ella; Gordon, Alan A.

2010-01-01

347

Image processing for femoral endosteal anatomy detection: description and testing of a computed tomography based program.  

PubMed

A computed tomography (CT)-based image processing computer program was developed for three-dimensional (3D) femoral endosteal cavity shape modelling. For the examinations 50 cadaver femora were used. In the CT imaging 30 axial slices were taken above and below the lesser trochanter area from each femur. Different image analysis methods were used for femoral cavity detection depending on the structure of the processed slice. In the femoral shaft area simple thresholding methods succeeded, but in the problem areas of the metaphyseal femur edge, detection operators and local thresholding were required. In contour tracking several criteria were used to check the validity of the border pixels. The results were saved as four output data files: (i) a file for the longest anteroposterior (ap), mediolateral (ml) and oblique diameters computed by a Euclidian method, (ii) and (iii) files for 2D and 3D data respectively, and (iv) a file for centre points of each slice. Finally, testing of the results and dimensions obtained from the image analysis were carried out manually by sawing the femora into 10 stipulated horizontal slices. The ap and ml dimensions were measured with a caliper ruler. The CT-based image processing yielded a peak distribution of dimensions with a negative difference to those obtained in manual measurements. The mean difference between the image processing and the manual measurements was 1.1 mm (+/-0.7 mm, +/-1 SD). The difference was highest in the proximal slices of the femora of group I (with lowest cortical thickness), i.e. 1.3 mm (+/-0.8 mm) and lowest in the distal slices of the femora from group III (with highest cortical thickness), i.e. 0.9 mm (+/-0.6 mm). The results are acceptable for further use of the program to study endosteal anatomy for individual femoral component selection and designing basis. PMID:9127444

Laine, H J; Kontola, K; Lehto, M U; Pitkänen, M; Jarske, P; Lindholm, T S

1997-04-01

348

Minority Organ Donation: The Power of an Educated Community  

PubMed Central

Background In 1978 - Washington, DC, we became aware of the scarcity of minority donors especially African Americans. Study Design From then until now 4 decades later, we have been involved in a grass roots effort emphasizing community education and empowerment combined with the use of mass media which has successfully increased minority donation rates exponentially. This program was initiated with a $500 grant from Howard University and subsequently funded by the National Institutes of Health grants and other funding totaling more than $10 million between 1993 and 2008. Results Between 1990 and 2008 minority donations percentages have doubled (15%-30%). African American organ donors per million (O.D.M.) have quadrupled from 8 O.D.M. - 53 O.D.M between 1982 and 2008. Conclusions While the investment of $10 million may seem substantial, when we look at the cost benefit ratio associated with the cost savings of $135,000 per donor, it is small when compared to the more than $200 million saved by kidney donors alone associated with the expected increase in minority donors percentage to 35% by 2010 or the equivalent of 1750 minority donors.

Callender, Clive O; Miles, Patrice V

2010-01-01

349

Development of the Croatian model of organ donation and transplantation  

PubMed Central

During the past ten years, the efforts to improve and organize the national transplantation system in Croatia have resulted in a steadily growing donor rate, which reached its highest level in 2011, with 33.6 utilized donors per million population (p.m.p.). Nowadays, Croatia is one of the leading countries in the world according to deceased donation and transplantation rates. Between 2008 and 2011, the waiting list for kidney transplantation decreased by 37.2% (from 430 to 270 persons waiting for a transplant) and the median waiting time decreased from 46 to 24 months. The Croatian model has been internationally recognized as successful and there are plans for its implementation in other countries. We analyzed the key factors that contributed to the development of this successful model for organ donation and transplantation. These are primarily the appointment of hospital and national transplant coordinators, implementation of a new financial model with donor hospital reimbursement, public awareness campaign, international cooperation, adoption of new legislation, and implementation of a donor quality assurance program. The selection of key factors is based on the authors' opinions; we are open for further discussion and propose systematic research into the issue.

Zivcic-Cosic, Stela; Busic, Mirela; Zupan, Zeljko; Pelcic, Gordana; Anusic Juricic, Martina; Jurcic, Zeljka; Ivanovski, Mladen; Racki, Sanjin

2013-01-01

350

Development of the Croatian model of organ donation and transplantation.  

PubMed

During the past ten years, the efforts to improve and organize the national transplantation system in Croatia have resulted in a steadily growing donor rate, which reached its highest level in 2011, with 33.6 utilized donors per million population (p.m.p.). Nowadays, Croatia is one of the leading countries in the world according to deceased donation and transplantation rates. Between 2008 and 2011, the waiting list for kidney transplantation decreased by 37.2% (from 430 to 270 persons waiting for a transplant) and the median waiting time decreased from 46 to 24 months. The Croatian model has been internationally recognized as successful and there are plans for its implementation in other countries. We analyzed the key factors that contributed to the development of this successful model for organ donation and transplantation. These are primarily the appointment of hospital and national transplant coordinators, implementation of a new financial model with donor hospital reimbursement, public awareness campaign, international cooperation, adoption of new legislation, and implementation of a donor quality assurance program. The selection of key factors is based on the authors' opinions; we are open for further discussion and propose systematic research into the issue. PMID:23444248

Živ?i?-?osi?, Stela; Buši?, Mirela; Župan, Željko; Pel?i?, Gordana; Anuši? Juri?i?, Martina; Jur?i?, Željka; Ivanovski, Mladen; Ra?ki, Sanjin

2013-02-01

351

Image processing for femoral endosteal anatomy detection: description and testing of a computed tomography based program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A computed tomography (CT)-based image processing computer program was developed for three-dimensional (3D) femoral endosteal cavity shape modelling. For the examinations 50 cadaver femora were used. In the CT imaging 30 axial slices were taken above and below the lesser trochanter area from each femur. Different image analysis methods were used for femoral cavity detection depending on the structure of the processed slice. In the femoral shaft area simple thresholding methods succeeded, but in the problem areas of the metaphyseal femur edge, detection operators and local thresholding were required. In contour tracking several criteria were used to check the validity of the border pixels. The results were saved as four output data files: (i) a file for the longest anteroposterior (ap), mediolateral (ml) and oblique diameters computed by a Euclidian method, (ii) and (iii) files for 2D and 3D data respectively, and (iv) a file for centre points of each slice. Finally, testing of the results and dimensions obtained from the image analysis were carried out manually by sawing the femora into 10 stipulated horizontal slices. The ap and ml dimensions were measured with a caliper ruler. The CT-based image processing yielded a peak distribution of dimensions with a negative difference to those obtained in manual measurements. The mean difference between the image processing and the manual measurements was 1.1 mm (). The difference was highest in the proximal slices of the femora of group I (with lowest cortical thickness), i.e. 1.3 mm () and lowest in the distal slices of the femora from group III (with highest cortical thickness), i.e. 0.9 mm (). The results are acceptable for further use of the program to study endosteal anatomy for individual femoral component selection and designing basis.

Laine, H.-J.; Kontola, K.; Lehto, M. U. K.; Pitkänen, M.; Jarske, P.; Lindholm, T. S.

1997-04-01

352

Program for Assisted Labeling of Sulcal Regions (PALS): description and reliability.  

PubMed

With the improvements in techniques for generating surface models from magnetic resonance (MR) images, it has recently become feasible to study the morphological characteristics of the human brain cortex in vivo. Studies of the entire surface are important for measuring global features, but analysis of specific cortical regions of interest provides a more detailed understanding of structure. We have previously developed a method for automatically segmenting regions of interest from the cortical surface using a watershed transform. Each segmented region corresponds to a cortical sulcus and is thus termed a "sulcal region." In this work, we describe two important augmentations of this methodology. First, we describe a user interface that allows for the efficient labeling of the segmented sulcal regions called the Program for Assisted Labeling of Sulcal Regions (PALS). An additional augmentation allows for even finer divisions on the cortex with a methodology that employs the fast marching technique to track a curve on the cortical surface that is then used to separate segmented regions. After regions of interest have been identified, we compute both the cortical surface area and gray matter volume. Reliability experiments are performed to assess both the long-term stability and short-term repeatability of the proposed techniques. These experiments indicate the proposed methodology gives both highly stable and repeatable results. PMID:15627582

Rettmann, Maryam E; Tosun, Duygu; Tao, Xiaodong; Resnick, Susan M; Prince, Jerry L

2005-01-15

353

National Cancer Institute Pediatric Preclinical Testing Program: Model Description for In Vitro Cytotoxicity Testing  

PubMed Central

Background The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has established the Pediatric Preclinical Testing Program (PPTP) for testing drugs against in vitro and in vivo childhood cancer models to aid in the prioritization of drugs considered for early phase pediatric clinical trials. Procedures In vitro cytotoxicity testing employs a semi-automated fluorescence-based digital imaging cytotoxicity assay (DIMSCAN) that has a 4-log dynamic range of detection. Curve fitting of the fractional survival data of the cell lines in response to various concentrations of the agents was used to calculate relative IC50, absolute IC50, and Ymin values The panel of 23 pediatric cancer cell lines included leukemia (n=6), lymphoma (n=2), rhabdomyosarcoma (n=4), brain tumors (n=3), Ewing family of tumors (EFT, n=4), and neuroblastoma (n=4). The doubling times obtained using DIMSCAN were incorporated into data analyses to estimate the relationship between input cell numbers and final cell number. Results We report in vitro activity data for three drugs (vincristine, melphalan, and etoposide) that are commonly used for pediatric cancer and for the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin, an agent that is currently under preclinical investigation for cancer. To date, the PPTP has completed in vitro testing of 39 investigational and approved agents for single drug activity and two investigational agents in combination with various “standard” chemotherapy drugs. Conclusions This robust in vitro cytotoxicity testing system for pediatric cancers will enable comparisons to response data for novel agents obtained from xenograft studies and from clinical trials.

Kang, Min H.; Smith, Malcolm A.; Morton, Christopher L.; Keshelava, Nino; Houghton, Peter J.; Reynolds, C. Patrick

2010-01-01

354

Comparison of different microarray data analysis programs and description of a database for microarray data management.  

PubMed

Data analysis and management represent a major challenge for gene expression studies using microarrays. Here, we compare different methods of analysis and demonstrate the utility of a personal microarray database. Gene expression during HIV infection of cell lines was studied using Affymetrix U-133 A and B chips. The data were analyzed using Affymetrix Microarray Suite and Data Mining Tool, Silicon Genetics GeneSpring, and dChip from Harvard School of Public Health. A small-scale database was established with FileMaker Pro Developer to manage and analyze the data. There was great variability among the programs in the lists of significantly changed genes constructed from the same data. Similarly choices of different parameters for normalization, comparison, and standardization greatly affected the outcome. As many probe sets on the U133 chip target the same Unigene clusters, the Unigene information can be used as an internal control to confirm and interpret the probe set results. Algorithms used for the determination of changes in gene expression require further refinement and standardization. The use of a personal database powered with Unigene information can enhance the analysis of gene expression data. PMID:15585122

Xu, Lizhe; Maresh, Grace A; Giardina, Jason; Pincus, Seth H

2004-10-01

355

Options for the disposal of unwanted donations.  

PubMed Central

Donations of biomedical books and journals frequently duplicate the holdings of a receiving library. A decision must then be made concerning the distribution of the material to other libraries that may need it. What options are available to the librarian? Are many volumes of valuable material destroyed each year because libraries lack the necessary staff, space, or money to distribute donated materials? Are libraries restricted in choice of methods for distribution or unaware of available options? A survey questionnaire was mailed to 150 health sciences libraries in the spring of 1988 to determine the various methods used to dispose of unwanted gift materials. A total of 113 responses was received (75% return rate). This paper reports the results and discusses some of the creative methods used by receiving libraries to place unneeded materials. Statistical comparisons are included for the methods used by academic, hospital, and other types of health sciences libraries. Images

Cooper, E R

1990-01-01

356

Defining embryo donation: a committee opinion.  

PubMed

Building families through adoption of children has been supported by human society throughout history. The ethical appropriateness of patients donating embryos to other patients for family building, or for research, is well established and is affirmed by this body. The use of the term "adoption" to embryos is inaccurate and should be avoided. This document replaces the ASRM Ethics Committee statement by the same name, last published in 2009. PMID:23481275

2013-03-05

357

Can donated media placements reach intended audiences?  

PubMed

Donated media placements for public service announcements (PSAs) can be difficult to secure, and may not always reach intended audiences. Strategies used by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Screen for Life: National Colorectal Cancer Action Campaign (SFL) to obtain donated media placements include producing a diverse mix of high-quality PSAs, co-branding with state and tribal health agencies, securing celebrity involvement, monitoring media trends to identify new distribution opportunities, and strategically timing the release of PSAs. To investigate open-ended recall of PSAs promoting colorectal cancer screening, CDC conducted 12 focus groups in three U.S. cities with men and women either nearing age 50 years, when screening is recommended to begin, or aged 50-75 years who were not in compliance with screening guidelines. In most focus groups, multiple participants recalled exposure to PSAs promoting colorectal cancer screening, and most of these individuals reported having seen SFL PSAs on television, in transit stations, or on the sides of public buses. Some participants reported exposure to SFL PSAs without prompting from the moderator, as they explained how they learned about the disease. Several participants reported learning key campaign messages from PSAs, including that colorectal cancer screening should begin at age 50 years and screening can find polyps so they can be removed before becoming cancerous. Donated media placements can reach and educate mass audiences, including millions of U.S. adults who have not been screened appropriately for colorectal cancer. PMID:23720533

Cooper, Crystale Purvis; Gelb, Cynthia A; Chu, Jennifer; Polonec, Lindsey

2013-05-29

358

[Living donation liver transplantation in children].  

PubMed

Liver transplantation is the first-line therapy for children with acute and chronic hepatic failure, metabolic liver diseases and liver tumors. As most of the children with end-stage liver disease are very small in stature the resources of compatible organs of deceased donors are limited. Living liver donation was able to nearly eliminate waiting list mortality with excellent patient and graft survival. As 80% of the pediatric recipients have a body weight <25 kg donation of the left lateral lobe (segments II+III) is sufficient in most of the cases. According to a standardization of the surgical procedures as well as the preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative management donation of the left lateral lobe advanced to a procedure with very low donor morbidity and mortality rates. The complexity of hepatic disease patterns in pediatric patients which often affect other organ systems demand a close cooperation with an experienced pediatric team. Pediatric living donor liver transplantation requires high expertise in liver surgery and split liver transplantation and should therefore only be performed in transplant centers meeting these high qualifications. PMID:20694715

Dresske, B; Schulze, M; Braun, F; Walter, J; Kohl, M; Schulz-Jürgensen, S; Krause, M; Schrappe, M; Burdelski, M; Bröring, D C

2010-09-01

359

The Sidebar Computer Program, a seismic-shaking intensity meter: users' manual and software description  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The SideBar computer program provides a visual display of seismic shaking intensity as recorded at one specific seismograph. This software allows a user to tap into the seismic data recorded on that specific seismograph and to display the overall level of shaking at the single location where that seismograph resides (usually the same place the user is). From this shaking level, SideBar also estimates the potential for damage nearby. SideBar cannot tell you the ?Richter magnitude? of the earthquake (see box), only how hard the ground shook locally and this estimate of how much damage is likely in the neighborhood. This combination of local effects is called the ?seismic intensity?. SideBar runs on a standard desktop or laptop PC, and is intended for the media, schools, emergency responders, and any other group hosting a seismograph and who want to know immediately after an earthquake the levels of shaking measured by that instrument. These local values can be used to inform the public and help initiate appropriate local emergency response activities in the minutes between the earthquake and availability of the broader coverage provided by the USGS over the Web, notably by ShakeMap. For example, for instruments installed in schools, the level of shaking and likely damage at the school could immediately be Web broadcast and parents could quickly determine the likely safety of their children?their biggest postearthquake concern. Also, in the event of a Web outage, SideBar may be a continuing primary source of local emergency response information for some additional minutes. Specifically, SideBar interprets the peak level of acceleration (that is, the force of shaking, as a percentage of the force of gravity) as well as the peak velocity, or highest speed, at which the ground moves. Using these two basic measurements, SideBar computes what is called Instrumental Intensity?a close approximation of the Modified Mercalli Intensity scale, or ?MMI? (using the Wald et al., 1999a, relationships between acceleration, velocity, and shaking intensity). Intensity is a measure of local shaking strength and the potential for damage?of how bad the earthquake effects were locally. The intensity level is what SideBar displays most prominently on the PC monitor. Intensity is shown as a large, colored bar that gets taller and changes color up a rainbow from blues toward reds as the shaking level increases. As opposed to earthquake magnitudes, which are reported as decimal values (like ?7.6?), intensity is traditionally given as a Roman numeral, with ?I? to ?X+? assigned to levels of potential damage and perceived shaking strength. For good measure, SideBar shows the actual values of the force of shaking (peak ground acceleration as a percentage of gravity) and the speed of ground motion (peak ground velocity in inches per second, by default, or in centimeters per second, if you wish), both these values as decimal numbers. SideBar also remembers the most recent earthquakes (for up to one week), and can store as many of these previous earthquakes as the user allows (and as the user?s PC has room for)?typically thousands. SideBar also remembers forever the three largest earthquakes it has seen and all earthquakes over intensity IV so that one never loses particularly important events.

Evans, John R.

2003-01-01

360

Adolescents and blood donation: motivations, hurdles and possible recruitment strategies  

PubMed Central

Background For years researchers have been trying to determine what factors influence a person’s choice to give blood, with the aim of translating the data collected into ever more concrete operative methods for recruiting new donors and managing and using blood to meet the needs of the donor. Adolescents are a potential source of great interest not only for the blood they could supply, but also because information on the subject of “giving blood” could favour the spread of healthy lifestyles and contribute to the development of a mature, responsible civic culture. The aim of the present study was to investigate the motivations and obstacles to giving blood among adolescents and strategies to recruit donors from this group of subjects. Materials and methods A self-report questionnaire was given to 3,050 pupils in 11 high schools in the Lombardy Region (Italy) (Age range: 13–21 years, mean 16.5, SD=1.65, males=47.7%, females=52.3%). The questionnaire comprised 14 items that addressed motivations and obstacles to giving blood and recruitment strategies in adolescents, knowledge about the world of blood donation and socio-demographic information. Descriptive analyses (frequencies, means and standard deviations), chi squared test (?2) and the t-test (t) for independent samples were conducted. Results and discussion The data collected regarding the three abovementioned areas of investigation (motivations, obstacles and recruitment strategies) were analysed with respect to gender. The results yielded some interesting information on which to build hypotheses concerning the pre-established objectives, including the importance of active involvement of adolescents by the organisations charged with promoting blood collection, emphasising the important role of the school and giving the adolescents the chance to meet with an expert on blood donation.

Zito, Elena; Alfieri, Sara; Marconi, Maurizio; Saturni, Vincenzo; Cremonesi, Giovanna

2012-01-01

361

Public Health Works: Blood Donation in Urban China  

PubMed Central

Recent shifts in the global health infrastructure warrant consideration of the value and effectiveness of national public health campaigns. These shifts include the globalization of pharmaceutical research, the rise of NGO-funded health interventions, and the rise of biosecurity models of international health. We argue that although these trends have arisen as worthwhile responses to actual health needs, it is important to remember the key role that public health campaigns can play in the promotion of national health, especially in developing nations. Focusing on an example set by China in response to a public health crisis surrounding the national need for a clean and adequate blood supply and the inadvertent spread of HIV by way of blood donation in the early 19902, we argue that there is an important role for strong national public health programs. We also identify the key factors that enabled China’s response to this bourgeoning epidemic to be, in the end, largely successful.

Adams, Vincanne; Erwin, Kathleen; Le, Phuoc V

2009-01-01

362

Impact of presumed consent for organ donation on donation rates: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine the impact of a system of presumed consent for organ donation on donation rates and to review data on attitudes towards presumed consent. Design Systematic review. Data sources Studies retrieved by online searches to January 2008 of Medline, Medline In-Process, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, HMIC, PAIS International, and OpenSIGLE. Studies reviewed Five studies comparing donation rates before and after the introduction of legislation for presumed consent (before and after studies); eight studies comparing donation rates in countries with and without presumed consent systems (between country comparisons); 13 surveys of public and professional attitudes to presumed consent. Results The five before and after studies represented three countries: all reported an increase in donation rates after the introduction of presumed consent, but there was little investigation of any other changes taking place concurrently with the change in legislation. In the four best quality between country comparisons, presumed consent law or practice was associated with increased organ donation—increases of 25-30%, 21-26%, 2.7 more donors per million population, and 6.14 more donors per million population in the four studies. Other factors found to be important in at least one study were mortality from road traffic accidents and cerebrovascular causes, transplant capacity, gross domestic product per capita, health expenditure per capita, religion (Catholicism), education, public access to information, and a common law legal system. Eight surveys of attitudes to presumed consent were of the UK public. These surveys varied in the level of support for presumed consent, with surveys conducted before 2000 reporting the lowest levels of support (28-57%). The most recent survey, in 2007, reported that 64% of respondents supported a change to presumed consent. Conclusion Presumed consent alone is unlikely to explain the variation in organ donation rates between countries. Legislation, availability of donors, organisation and infrastructure of the transplantation service, wealth and investment in health care, and public attitudes to and awareness of organ donation may all play a part, but their relative importance is unclear. Recent UK surveys show support for presumed consent, though with variation in results that may reflect differences in survey methods.

2009-01-01

363

Relatively speaking: halachic and legal issues of gamete donation.  

PubMed

The dramatic increase of gamete donations, as a result of technological advances in assisted reproduction, has raised considerable legal and halachic issues. This article raises reader awareness about problems involved in gamete donation within Jewish law (halacha), particularly in Israel. Two core problems with gamete donation are: deciding the mother of the child (donor or birthing mother) and genetic lineage. The former is important in establishing the child's religious status and the latter for matters of consanguinity and incest. Anonymous gamete donation increases the probability of incest. Persons unaware of their biological heritage could unintentionally cohabit with a close family member and progeny of this union would be considered mamzerim. These problems may be prevented by legislation, registration, and greater openness by the donor and the intended parents of the donor conceived child. This article focuses on the halachic perspective of gamete donation. Since consanguinity is prohibited by most cultures, the implications of gamete donation are universally relevant. PMID:21877469

Feuer, Julia

2011-06-01

364

Educational Programming Descriptions  

NASA Website

NASA.gov brings you images, videos and interactive features from the unique perspective of America's space agency. Get the latest updates on NASA missions, subscribe to blogs, RSS feeds and podcasts, watch NASA TV live, or simply read about our ...

365

Sociology (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

DIRECTORATE FOR SOCIAL, BEHAVIORAL, AND ECONOMIC SCIENCES (SBE) SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC SCIENCES (SES ... dynamics, social movements, social groups, labor force participation, stratification and mobility ...

366

Physical Anthropology (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... limited to, human genetic variation, human adaptation, human osteology and bone biology, human and ... framework, and often a consideration of adaptation as a central theoretical theme. Many proposals ...

367

Political Sciences (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... understanding of citizenship, government, and politics. Research proposals are expected to be ... to, American government and politics,comparative government and politics, international relations ...

368

Trends in Pediatric Organ Donation After Cardiac Death  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE.Organ donation after cardiac death is viewed as one way of partially closing the current gap between organ supply and demand. There are no published guidelines for organ donation after cardiac death specific to the pediatric popula- tion. The objective of this study was to examine the cumulative pediatric donation- after-cardiac-death experience to set the context for the development and

Robert Mazor; Harris P. Baden

2010-01-01

369

Accuracy of self-reports on donations to charitable organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we assess overall accuracy in survey self-reports on giving to charitable organizations, direction of bias in\\u000a self-reports, and the influence of this bias on relationships. We compare donations to one specific health charity reported\\u000a in the Giving in the Netherlands Panel Study 2003 with donations recorded in the database (n =  191). We find that (a) reported donations are

R. H. F. P. Bekkers; Pamala Wiepking

2011-01-01

370

Taxes and Transplants: Public Policies and Live Organ Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a simple model for live organ donation based on altruistic motives. Using state-level data on live kidney donations in the U.S., we estimate donor income (0.81) and donor cost (-0.47) elasticities of live kidney donations. We then use the model to simulate the effects of state income tax credits on the number of organ donors. Our results indicate

Miguel Gouveia; Pamela B. Peele

371

Description of the Mountain Cloud Chemistry Program version of the PLUVIUS MOD 5. 0 reactive storm simulation model  

SciTech Connect

Damage to forest ecosystems on mountains in the eastern United States has prompted a study conducted for the US Environmental Protection Agency's Mountain Cloud Chemistry Program (MCCP). This study has led to the development of a numerical model called MCCP PLUVIUS, which has been used to investigate the chemical transformations and cloud droplet deposition in shallow, nonprecipitating orographic clouds. The MCCP PLUVIUS model was developed as a specialized version of the existing PLUVIUS MOD 5.0 reactive storm model. It is capable of simulating aerosol scavenging, nonreactive gas scavenging, aqueous phase SO/sub 2/ reactions, and cloud water deposition. A description of the new model is provided along with information on model inputs and outputs, as well as suggestions for its further development. The MCCP PLUVIUS incorporates a new method to determine the depth of the layer of air which flows over a mountaintop to produce an orographic cloud event. It provides a new method for calculating hydrogen ion concentrations, and provides updated expressions and values for solubility, dissociation and reaction rate constants.

Luecken, D.J.; Whiteman, C.D.; Chapman, E.G.; Andrews, G.L.; Bader, D.C.

1987-07-01

372

Safety of blood donations following a natural disaster.  

PubMed

To evaluate the relative safety of blood donations given in response to a major disaster, donor demographics and infectious disease test results were compared for donations made during the 10 days following the October 17, 1989, San Francisco Bay Area earthquake and those made during the preceding 6 months. These comparisons were made for donations given to the regional blood center in the area that was immediately affected by the disaster (Irwin Memorial Blood Centers) and for those given in an unaffected region (Los Angeles/Orange Counties Region, American Red Cross Blood Services). The rate of donation increased more than 200 percent during the 5 days following the earthquake in both the disaster-affected and unaffected regions. Both the disaster-affected and unaffected regions observed significant increases in the proportions of donations by first-time donors, by persons aged 20 to 39 years, and by women. The rates of confirmed positivity for infectious disease markers for post-earthquake donations did not differ significantly from rates for homologous donations given during the preceding 6 months, particularly when the rates were adjusted for the increased representation of first-time donors. Approximately 39 percent of post-earthquake first-time donors gave blood again within the following 6-month period. It is concluded that donations given after major disasters are essentially as safe as routine donations and that active efforts to recruit these donors again can be undertaken without reservation. PMID:1926316

Busch, M P; Guiltinan, A; Skettino, S; Cordell, R; Zeger, G; Kleinman, S

1991-10-01

373

Financial compensation for deceased organ donation in China.  

PubMed

In March 2010, China launched a pilot programme of deceased donor organ donation in 10 provinces and cities. However, the deceased donor donation rate in China remains significantly lower than in Spain and other Western countries. In order to provide incentive for deceased donor organ donation, five pilot provinces and cities have subsequently launched a financial compensation policy. Financial compensation can be considered to include two main forms, the 'thank you' form and the 'help' form. The 'thank you' form is an expression of gratitude on behalf of the Red Cross Society of China for consenting to donation. The 'help' form is social welfare support for needy families. PMID:23322684

Wu, Xiaoliang; Fang, Qiang

2013-01-15

374

Donating in good faith or getting into trouble Religion and organ donation revisited  

PubMed Central

There is worldwide shortage of organs for solid-organ transplantation. Many obstacles to deceased and live donation have been described and addressed, such as lack of understanding of the medical process, the issue of the definition of brain death, public awareness of the need for transplants, and many others. However, it is clear that the striking differences in deceased and live donation rates between different countries are only partly explained by these factors and many cultural and social reasons have been invoked to explain these observations. We believe that one obstacle to both deceased and live donation that is less well appreciated is that of religious concerns. Looking at the major faiths and religions worldwide, it is reassuring to see that most of them encourage donation. However, there is also scepticism amongst some of them, often relating to the concept of brain death and/or the processes surrounding death itself. It is worthwhile for transplant teams to be broadly aware of the issues and also to be mindful of resources for counselling. We believe that increased awareness of these issues within the transplant community will enable us to discuss these openly with patients, if they so wish.

Oliver, Mike; Ahmed, Aimun; Woywodt, Alexander

2012-01-01

375

Factors useful in predicting the success of oocyte donation: a 3-year retrospective analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To establish prognostic relevance of parameters assessed in oocyte donation cycles.Design: Retrospective analysis.Setting: Large university-based donor oocyte program.Patient(s): All oocyte recipient cycles achieving embryo transfer from September 1995 to October 1998.Intervention(s): None.Main Outcome Measure(s): Pregnancy.Result(s): Recipient age and reproductive status, day 9 and 12 serum estradiol (E2) levels and a progesterone (P) level obtained 2 days after initiation of

Nicole Noyes; Brittany Starr Hampton; Alan Berkeley; Frederick Licciardi; James Grifo; Lewis Krey

2001-01-01

376

Determinants of Charitable Donations to Large U.S. Higher Education, Hospital, and Scientific Research NPOs: New Evidence from Panel Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

We provide improved evidence on effects that fund-raising, government support, and program revenue of U.S. higher education, hospital, and scientific research nonprofit organizations (NPOs) have on donations to those NPOs and provide improved estimates of price elasticities of donations to, and donor demand for output of, those NPOs. Applying econometric tests, we find the best-specified model is two-way fixed effects,

Nicholas P. Marudas; Fred A. Jacobs

2004-01-01

377

Opt-out organ donation without presumptions.  

PubMed

This paper defends an 'opt-out' scheme for organ procurement, by distinguishing this system from 'presumed consent' (which the author regards as an erroneous justification of it). It, first, stresses the moral importance of increasing the supply of organs and argues that making donation easier need not conflict with altruism. It then goes on to explore one way that donation can be increased, namely by adopting an opt-out system, in which cadaveric organs are used unless the deceased (or their family) registered an objection. Such policies are often labelled 'presumed consent', but it is argued that critics are right to be sceptical of this idea-consent is shown to be an action, rather than a mental attitude, and thus not something that can be presumed. Either someone has consented or they have not, whatever their attitude to the use of their organs. Thankfully, an opt-out scheme need not rest on the presumption of consent. Actual consent can be given implicitly, by one's actions, so it is argued that the failure to register an objection (given certain background conditions) should itself be taken as sign of consent. Therefore, it is permissible to use the organs of someone who did not opt out, because they have-by their silence-actually consented. PMID:21828226

Saunders, Ben

2011-08-09

378

7 CFR 250.60 - Use of donated foods in the school food service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Use of donated foods in the school food service. 250.60 Section...60 Use of donated foods in the school food service. (a) Use of donated...other meals or activities. The school food authority should use...

2010-01-01

379

7 CFR 250.60 - Use of donated foods in the school food service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Use of donated foods in the school food service. 250.60 Section...60 Use of donated foods in the school food service. (a) Use of donated...other meals or activities. The school food authority should use...

2009-01-01

380

7 CFR 250.13 - Distribution and control of donated foods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... (i) The quantity of donated foods to be made available for donation...legislation. (ii) Donated foods shall be requested and distributed...quantities which can be consumed without waste in providing food assistance for persons...

2009-01-01

381

7 CFR 3015.55 - Valuation of donated equipment, buildings, and land.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Valuation of donated equipment, buildings, and land. 3015.55 Section 3015...55 Valuation of donated equipment, buildings, and land. When a third party donates equipment, buildings or land, and the title is given...

2013-01-01

382

7 CFR 3015.54 - Valuation of donated supplies and loaned equipment or space.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Valuation of donated supplies and loaned equipment or space. 3015... § 3015.54 Valuation of donated supplies and loaned equipment or space. (a) If a third party donates supplies, the contributions shall not...

2013-01-01

383

41 CFR 102-37.90 - What are GSA's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...GSA's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property? 102-37.90 Section 102-37... PERSONAL PROPERTY 37-DONATION OF SURPLUS PERSONAL PROPERTY General Services Administration...GSA's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property? The General Services...

2009-07-01

384

41 CFR 102-37.90 - What are GSA's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...GSA's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property? 102-37.90 Section 102-37... PERSONAL PROPERTY 37-DONATION OF SURPLUS PERSONAL PROPERTY General Services Administration...GSA's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property? The General Services...

2010-07-01

385

41 CFR 102-37.40 - What type of surplus property is available for donation?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false What type of surplus property is available for donation... PERSONAL PROPERTY 37-DONATION OF SURPLUS PERSONAL PROPERTY General Provisions...Overview § 102-37.40 What type of surplus property is available for donation?...

2013-01-01

386

48 CFR 45.604-2 - Abandonment, destruction, or donation of surplus property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Abandonment, destruction, or donation of surplus property. 45.604-2 Section 45...Abandonment, destruction, or donation of surplus property. (a) Plant clearance officers...destroy, or donate to public bodies surplus property that is not sensitive...

2011-10-01

387

41 CFR 102-37.90 - What are GSA's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...GSA's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property? 102-37.90 Section 102-37... PERSONAL PROPERTY 37-DONATION OF SURPLUS PERSONAL PROPERTY General Services Administration...GSA's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property? The General Services...

2013-01-01

388

7 CFR 250.52 - Storage and inventory management of donated foods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Storage and inventory management of donated foods. 250... § 250.52 Storage and inventory management of donated foods. (a...b) for the storage and inventory management of donated foods....

2010-01-01

389

7 CFR 250.52 - Storage and inventory management of donated foods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Storage and inventory management of donated foods. 250... § 250.52 Storage and inventory management of donated foods. (a...b) for the storage and inventory management of donated foods....

2009-01-01

390

7 CFR 3015.54 - Valuation of donated supplies and loaned equipment or space.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Valuation of donated supplies and loaned equipment or space. (a) If a third party donates supplies, the contributions shall...If a third party donates the use of equipment or space in a building but retains the title, the...

2010-01-01

391

7 CFR 3015.54 - Valuation of donated supplies and loaned equipment or space.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Valuation of donated supplies and loaned equipment or space. (a) If a third party donates supplies, the contributions shall...If a third party donates the use of equipment or space in a building but retains the title, the...

2009-01-01

392

Psychosocial evaluation of candidates for living related kidney donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Living kidney donation has raised practical and ethical questions since renal transplantation became possible 50 years ago. Nevertheless, living donors are a common source for badly needed organs in the pediatric population. The safety and well being of the living donor are important concerns. Among the risks of living donation are those of a psychological and social nature. To protect these

Kimberly Sterner; Nataliya Zelikovsky; Cynthia Green; Bernard S. Kaplan

2006-01-01

393

Attitudes Toward Organ Donation: A Survey on Iranian Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundOrgans from brain dead patients are the main source for transplantation. However, in most societies, including Iran, the family consent rate for organ donation is low necessitating improvements in public knowledge. Because teachers' knowledge has an important role to educate the next generations, this study assessed their knowledge and attitudes about brain death and organ donation.

H. R. Khoddami-Vishteh; F. Ghorbani; A. M. Ghasemi; S. Shafaghi; K. Najafizadeh

2011-01-01

394

Variation in Organ Donation in Northeastern England 1986 to 2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renal transplantation is established as the best form of renal replacement therapy, but demand for kidneys exceeds supply from cadaveric donations. It is therefore important to make the best use of the pool of potential cadaveric organ donors. Donation rates are to a large extent dependent on public opinions, which may be influenced by external events. In northeast England from

J. Asher; C. Wilson; A. Gupta; L. Robson; S. Latimer; Y. Wong; M. Gok; J. Del Rio Martin; N. Soomro; D. Rix; B. Jaques; D. Manas; D. Talbot

2005-01-01

395

Student Attitudes to Whole Body Donation are Influenced by Dissection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a pre-post survey given to medical students in a gross anatomy course addressing the attitudes toward becoming cadaver donators. Outcomes discuss the influence of actively dissecting a cadaver and how that shifts students away from donating one's body.

2008-09-01

396

Directed organ donation: is the donor the owner?  

PubMed Central

The issue of directed donation of organs from deceased donors for transplantation has recently risen to the fore, given greater significance by the relatively stagnant rate of deceased donor donation in the UK. Although its status and legitimacy is explicitly recognized across the USA, elsewhere a more cautious, if not entirely negative, stance has been taken. In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, the Human Tissue Act 2004, and in Scotland the Human Tissue (Scotland) Act 2006, are both silent in this regard. Although so-called conditional donation, donation to (or perhaps withheld from) a specific class, has been outlawed as a product of guidance issued by the Secretary of State for Health issued in the wake of the controversial incident occurring in the North of England in 1998, its intended application to ‘directed’ donation is less certain. Directed and conditional donations challenge the traditional construct of altruistic donation and impartial (equitable) allocation in a very immediate and striking fashion. They implicitly raise important questions as to whether the body or parts of the body are capable of being owned, and by whom. This paper attempts to explore the notion of donor ownership of body parts and its implications for both directed and conditional donation.

Cronin, Antonia J; Price, David

2010-01-01

397

Voluntary Body Donation: The Gift that Lives on Forever  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Body donation is a gracious act, Shankarcharaya firmly believed in concept of Body Donation or Organ Donation and said Iddham sharirum paropakarum i.e. the body is for use of others and death is not the end, it is the beginning. Anatomy is important basic subject for medicalstudents, both U.G. & P.G. Best method of Anatomy learning is by dissection on human cadavers, which remains principle teaching tool. Human cadavers for purpose of study are a scarcity with mushrooming of medical institutions in this country. Unclaimed bodies are no more origin of cadavers. Whole Body donation is the need of the hour. A Voluntary Body Donation is defined as the act of giving oneís Body after death for Medical research and education. In this article a survey was done in S.V.S. Medical & Dental Colleges Faculty members and medical exhibition visitors which include lawyers, engineers, teachers and others during the year of 2010. The body donation including organ donation and various factors such as age, religion, culture and donorís attitude are discussed. Body donation provides the students and medical researchers with unparalleled opportunities to study the human body. Computers nor books cannot totally replace body dissection in learning the anatomy.

Saritha, S.; Rao, M. Vittoo; Sumangala; Supriya, G.; Kumar, Praveen

2012-10-01

398

Factors influencing the obstetric and perinatal outcome after oocyte donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We evaluated interactions between perinatal outcome after oocyte donation and various maternal factors. METHODS: The study included 134 parturients after oocyte donation. Data were collected from medical files and personal interviews. Stepwise logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate associations between perinatal outcomes and selected maternal variables. RESULTS: Fifty percent of the women were >43 years old, 30.6% were

Galit Sheffer-Mimouni; Shlomo Mashiach; Jehoshua Dor; David Levran; Daniel S. Seidman

399

Ethical issues in living organ donation: Donor autonomy and beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite nearly 50 years of experience with living kidney donation, ethical questions about this practice continue to haunt us today. In this editorial I will address two of them: (1) Given the possibility of limited understanding and coercion, how can we be sure that a person who offers to donate an organ is acting autonomously? and (2) Do people have

Aaron Spital

2001-01-01

400

Willingness to donate: an interview study before liver transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The introduction of the living donation in organ transplantation introduces important new psychological conflicts and ethical questions in the transplantation process. Operation related risks, as well as dependencies in the family structure, generate considerable pressure on potential donors. The aim of the study was to reconstruct the determinants of willingness to donate before transplantation.Methods: Evaluation of 20 taped and

M Walter; C Papachristou; G Danzer; B F Klapp; J Frommer

2004-01-01

401

Donation Intentions for Cancer Genetics Research Among African Americans  

PubMed Central

Aims: Scientific agencies rely on individuals to donate their DNA to support research on chronic conditions that disproportionately affect African Americans; however, donation is variable in this population. The purpose of this study was to identify sociodemographic characteristics, health care variables, and cultural values having significant independent associations with intentions to donate blood or saliva samples for cancer genetics research among African American adults. Method: Cross-sectional survey of donation intentions. Results: The majority of respondents (73%) were willing to donate a biological sample for cancer genetics research. The results of the multivariate regression model found that respondents who received care at a facility other than a doctor's office (e.g., community center) were about five times more likely to be willing to donate a sample for cancer genetics research (odds ratio [OR]=5.28, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.16–24.12, p=0.03); whereas, greater levels of religiosity (OR=0.09, 95% CI=0.01–0.75, p=0.02) and present temporal orientation (OR=0.23, 95% CI=0.06–0.79, p=0.02) were associated with a lower likelihood of donating a sample. Conclusion: Efforts to enhance donation of biological samples for cancer genetics research may need to target diverse clinical sites for recruitment. Additionally, recruitment materials may need to address cultural values related to religiosity and present temporal orientation.

McDonald, Jasmine A.; Weathers, Benita; Barg, Frances K.; Troxel, Andrea B.; Shea, Judy A.; Bowen, Deborah; Guerra, Carmen E.

2012-01-01

402

An Empirical Exploration of Selected Policy Options in Organ Donation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents findings from a mail survey of 414 persons regarding organ transplantation and donation policy issues. Gauged three measures of support for organ donation: donor card commitment, required request of next-of-kin support, and weak presumed consent support. High levels of support exist for organ donor cards and the next-of-kin law. Little…

Klenow, Daniel J.; Youngs, George A., Jr.

1995-01-01

403

77 FR 20495 - National Donate Life Month, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and recommit to saving lives through organ and tissue donation. The need for donors is greater than...donor, to register on their state organ donor registry. To learn more about organ and tissue donation and how to enroll in a donor...

2012-04-05

404

Using Standardized Patients to Educate Medical Students about Organ Donation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Medical students at Mount Sinai School of Medicine participated in an intervention designed to promote knowledge and improved communication skills related to cadaveric organ donation. The intervention required students to interact with a standardized patient for approximately 10 minutes and respond to questions posed about organ donation in a…

Feeley, Thomas Hugh; Anker, Ashley E.; Soriano, Rainier; Friedman, Erica

2010-01-01

405

The ethics of egg donation in the over fifties  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been conclusively demonstrated that postmenopausal women can gestate and give birth to children. However, to do so, they require donated oocytes, which are in short supply. In this paper, I explore a number of arguments for limiting access to donated oocytes to women of normal reproductive age. I consider the idea that older women have already had their

Anna Smajdor

2008-01-01

406

Requesting organ donation: The case of self-efficacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the major reasons for the shortage of donor organs is the high number of refusals by relatives. Studies have shown that the quality of communication with bereaved relatives influences whether to object or agree to organ and\\/or tissue donation. Breaking news of brain stem death, approaching relatives for permission to donate organs while also appropriately managing emotional reactions

G. A. Blok; J. Morton; M. Morley; C. C. J. M. Kerckhoffs; G. Kootstra

2005-01-01

407

Ova Donation for Stem Cell Research: An International Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Should clinicians ask women to donate or even sell their eggs for stem cell research? Enucleated ova are crucial in somatic cell nuclear transfer technologies, but risky for women's health. Until comparatively recently, very few commentators debated the ethical issues in egg donation and sale, concentrating on the embryo's status. The unmasking of Hwang Woo Suk, who used over 2,200

Donna Dickenson; Itziar Alkorta Idiakez

2008-01-01

408

The joint action MODE (Mutual Organ Donation and Transplantation Exchanges): a sound contribution to implementation of health policies in organ donation and transplantation  

PubMed Central

Background The main objective of the joint action MODE is the transfer of best-practices in the field of organ donation and transplantation and the creation of positive synergies among participating European (EU) Member States (MS) apt to support authorities in possible decision-making and policy contexts. Methods The consortium has chosen to foster the exchange of best-practice through a series of exchange visits followed by the provision of a set of specialized trainings. Each participating MS has presented its strengths and weaknesses through a questionnaire based on the Organ Action Plan. Once the situation was clearer, countries with the strongest program organized and hosted the on-site visits and each country had the opportunity to perform five exchange visits on five selected topics. Specific courses for healthcare staff of organ coordinating and transplantation centres were organized. Based on evaluation of the results of the on-site visits and training needs indicated by the partners, the chosen topics were: • reporting on adverse events and reactions • quality assurance programme of the donation process in Spain • quality assurance of the transplantation process Results and conclusions The outcome is that within the EU, even among MS with well-developed services, the organ donation and transplantation activity has substantial differences so that all participating countries would benefit from investigating foreign donation and transplant systems. Collaboration at EU level can be beneficial for all systems and the joint action MODE indicated that in some countries the sharing of expertise across the EU Member States has already proved to be useful in starting a virtuous circle in organization and training that would allow to increase organ donor rates and improve overall performance.

2013-01-01

409

The Impact and Evaluation of Two School-Based Interventions on Intention to Register an Organ Donation Preference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present paper describes the impact and evaluation of two intervention components--a video with group discussion and an interactive computer-tailored program--in order to encourage adolescents to register their organ donation preference. Studies were conducted in school during regular school hours. The video with group discussion in class had…

Reubsaet, A.; Brug, J.; Kitslaar, J.; Van Hooff, J. P.; van den Borne, H. W.

2004-01-01

410

41 CFR 102-37.110 - What are a holding agency's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...agency's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property? 102-37.110 Section... PERSONAL PROPERTY 37-DONATION OF SURPLUS PERSONAL PROPERTY Holding Agency ...agency's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property? Your donation...

2013-01-01

411

41 CFR 102-37.530 - What are FAA's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property to public airports?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FAA's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property to public airports? 102-37... PERSONAL PROPERTY 37-DONATION OF SURPLUS PERSONAL PROPERTY Donations to Public...FAA's responsibilities in the donation of surplus property to public airports? In...

2013-01-01

412

On the impacts of traditional Chinese culture on organ donation.  

PubMed

This article examines the impact of traditional Chinese culture on organ donation from the perspective of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism. In each of these cultural systems, it appears that there are some particular sayings or remarks that are often taken in modern Chinese society to be contrary to organ donation, especially cadaveric organ donation. However, this article argues that the central concerns of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism are "great love," "ren," and "dao," which can be reasonably interpreted to support organ donation. The author understands that each cultural system, in order to play its cultural function, must have its central concerns as well as relevant ritual practices (li) that incarnate its religious and ethical commitments. That is, each plays a general cultural role, which influences organ donation in particular not merely through abstract or general ethical principles and teachings, but through a combination of ethical teachings and the forming of particular ritual practices. This article contends that the primary reason Chinese individuals fail to donate sufficient cadaveric organs for transplantation is not because particular remarks or sayings from each of these systems appear to conflict with donation. Neither is it that the central concerns of these systems cannot support cadaveric donation. Rather, it is that modern Chinese individuals have failed to develop and secure relevant ritual practices that support the central concerns of organ transplantation. The article concludes that in order to promote more donations, there is a need to form relevant ritual practices supporting organ donation in conformity with the central concerns of these cultural systems. PMID:23449366

Cai, Yu

2013-02-28

413

Organ Donation on Web 2.0: Content and Audience Analysis of Organ Donation Videos on YouTube  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the content of and audience response to organ donation videos on YouTube, a Web 2.0 platform, with framing theory. Positive frames were identified in both video content and audience comments. Analysis revealed a reciprocity relationship between media frames and audience frames. Videos covered content categories such as kidney, liver, organ donation registration process, and youth. Videos were

Yan Tian

2010-01-01

414

A Confirmatory Analysis of the Organ Donation Readiness Index: Measuring the Potential for Organ Donations among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The need for transplant exceeds the number of available organs. Antigen compatible organs are particularly scarce for African Americans because of their proportionately lower rate of donations. This study presents a measure of organ donation readiness. Examination of the factor structure and a test of weak invariance were conducted on…

Rice, Christopher; Tamburlin, Judith

2004-01-01

415

Description of Physical Characteristics and Coordinate Geometry Programs Written for the Hewlett-Packard 9100A Programmable Calculator.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report documents some programs written for the Hewlett-Packard 9100A programmable calculator. These programs can be programmed by the user from the keyboard of any Hewlett-Packard 9100. The function of these programs is to provide a fast and accurate ...

R. T. Haas

1971-01-01

416

Description of the Design and Implementation of a School-Based Obesity Prevention Program Addressing Needs of Middle School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the design and implementation of a school-based obesity prevention program, the successes associated with its implementation, and challenges with development and application of the program's curriculum base. The program is described, including purpose and goals, content and structure of the curriculum, type and training of personnel, and budgetary concerns. Formative program evaluation results were reviewed, including whether

Wendy L. Ward-Begnoche; Bonnie Gance-Cleveland; Margaret M. Harris; Janice Dean

2008-01-01

417

Health content analysis of organ donation and transplantation news on Turkish television channels and in Turkish print media.  

PubMed

The media affects individuals' behaviors, especially by means of news and advertisements. In this study, we evaluated health content of organ donation and transplantation news in the printed media and on television programs for a 1-year period in Turkey. We examined 2449 news items in 230 newspapers and magazines; 1179 news programs on 45 television channels, all concerning organ donation and transplantation. The news obtained from the Media Pursuit Center were transferred to an electronic file to evaluate the format and content of the news. Nine variables were examined about the scope and the formal characteristics of the news: the publication name, its type, the province, the date, the headline, the title length, the presence of a photograph, or its kind, the news size, and the page number. In the content analysis of the news, we also examined 9 variables: the topic, the message of the headline, the property of the words in the title, the identification of photographs in the news, the age, gender of actors in the news, as well as donor or recipient. In a summary, print media and television channels, failed to show sufficient information about organ donation and transplantation. The percentage of news about organ donation and transplantation was small and mostly negative items in the media. On television channels, sufficient place was not given to organ donation and transplantation. The news in printed media and on television channels was not about motivated or altruistic behavior. The pattern of organ donation and transplantation news is important in terms of perception and comment by the public. Furthermore it directly affects the perception of the news by the reader. PMID:20172298

Colak, M Yavuz; Hekimoglu, D; Ersoy, K; Sozen, F; Haberal, M

418

Hispanic organ donation: impact of a Spanish-language organ donation campaign.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: Hispanic Americans have a substantial need for organ transplants and are underrepresented among organ donors, yet very little is known about how to increase available donors in this community. This study assesses the impact of a Spanish-language media campaign targeting organ donation among Hispanic Americans in two urban Arizona counties. METHODS: The study collected data via four surveys conducted before and after implementation of a Spanish-language media campaign targeting organ donation among Spanish-dominant Hispanic Americans in Pima and Maricopa counties in Arizona. The main intervention consisted of four Spanish-language television advertisements and two Spanish-language radio advertisements. RESULTS: The media campaign was successfully implemented and attained substantial exposure among the target audience. Postintervention beliefs were more prodonation, and there was more family discussion postintervention. In both counties, residents exposed to the campaign reported more prodonation beliefs and family discussion. Exposed Maricopa residents were also more likely to be potential donors. CONCLUSIONS: Study data indicate a positive impact of a media campaign targeting organ donation beliefs and behaviors among Spanish-dominant Hispanic Americans in Arizona. It is hoped that these findings will stimulate further research in this important area.

Alvaro, Eusebio M.; Jones, Sara Pace; Robles, Antonio Santa Maria; Siegel, Jason

2006-01-01

419

Family discussions about organ donation: how the media influences opinions about donation decisions.  

PubMed

In this study, 78 family pair dyads (spouses, parent-child pairs, or siblings) were brought into an interaction laboratory set up like a living room. After being briefed on the study, family members discussed a series of eight questions about their thoughts and opinions about organ donation. Thematic analysis of the thousands of pages of transcripts revealed that family members believe that they receive important information about organ donation through the media. Unfortunately, the most influential information came from sensationalistic, negative media portrayals. The myths that seem to be the most actively referenced by the media include premature declaration of death, the transference of personality traits from donor to recipient, a US black market for organs, corruption in the medical community, and corruption in the organ allocation system (which allows celebrities to get transplants first). Although these are not the only myths that the generally public holds to be true, the media is a powerful source of support for these particular myths. Therefore, such myths must be countered effectively if greater consent for organ donation is to be attained. PMID:16146561

Morgan, Susan E; Harrison, Tyler R; Long, Shawn D; Afifi, Walid A; Stephenson, Michael T; Stephenson, Michael S; Reichert, Tom

2005-10-01

420

Assessment of the National Displaced Homemaker Program. Volume II. Overview of the 47 Displaced Homemaker Demonstration Projects: Project Descriptive Profiles.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report provides descriptive profiles of 47 community-based demonstration projects that provide direct employment and training services to displaced homemakers, who have been recognized by the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act, Title III, as ha...

D. Kogan L. Greenwood M. Rogers P. Jenny M. Vencill

1981-01-01

421

Simultaneous electrochemical and electron paramagnetic resonance studies of carotenoids. Effect of electron donating and accepting substituents  

SciTech Connect

A series of substituted phenyl-7[prime]-apocarotenoids with varying electron donating and accepting substituents was examined by cyclic voltammogram (CV) and simultaneous electrochemical electron paramagnetic resonance (SEEPR). Carotenoids substituted with electron donating groups are more easily oxidized than those with electron accepting substituents. Comproportionation constants for the dication and the neutral species were measured by SEEPR techniques and by simulation of the CVs. The [Delta]H[sub pp] of the SEEPR spectrum of the cation radicals varies from 13.2 to 15.6 G, and the g factors are 2.0027 [+-] 0.0002. These EPR parameters suggest a polyene [pi]-cation radical structure. The CVs are calculated using DigiSim, a CV simulation program, and the proposed mechanism involves three electrode reactions and two homogeneous reactions. 24 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Jeevarajan, A.S.; Khaled, M.; Kispert, L.D. (Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States))

1994-08-11

422

Knowledge and beliefs on corneal donation in Singapore adults  

PubMed Central

Aim: To assess the knowledge and willingness of Singapore adults towards corneal donation. Methods: The study population consists of a cluster random sample of the population living in Bedok North (an area in the eastern part of Singapore). The study population comprised residents aged 21–65 years living in 675 randomly sampled housing units. The participation rate was 65.9% (544/825). All participants were interviewed face to face with a questionnaire formulated according to the modified Horton and Horton model. Knowledge, values, attitudes, and spiritual beliefs of participants were assessed to evaluate their willingness to donate their corneas. Results: 67.0% of participants were willing to donate their corneas. Ethnicity (Chinese) and religion (Christians, Hindus, or those with no religion) were associated with increased willingness to donate corneas. Greater knowledge and increased altruistic values were also associated with increased willingness to donate corneas. Conclusion: A proportion of participants were willing to donate their corneas. Awareness of corneal donation is high but specific knowledge should be further increased among adults.

Yew, Y-W; Saw, S-M; Pan, J C-H; Shen, H-M; Lwin, M; Yew, M-S; Heng, W-J

2005-01-01

423

Description of the Design and Implementation of a School-Based Obesity Prevention Program Addressing Needs of Middle School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the design and implementation of a school-based obesity prevention program, the successes associated with its implementation, and challenges with development and application of the program's curriculum base. The program is described, including purpose and goals, content and structure of the curriculum, type and training of…

Ward-Begnoche, Wendy L.; Gance-Cleveland, Bonnie; Harris, Margaret M.; Dean, Janice

2008-01-01

424

Description of the Design and Implementation of a School-Based Obesity Prevention Program Addressing Needs of Middle School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the design and implementation of a school-based obesity prevention program, the successes associated with its implementation, and challenges with development and application of the program's curriculum base. The program is described, including purpose and goals, content and structure of the curriculum, type and training of…

Ward-Begnoche, Wendy L.; Gance-Cleveland, Bonnie; Harris, Margaret M.; Dean, Janice

2008-01-01

425

Motivation, attitudes and experience of donation: a follow-up of women donating eggs in assisted conception treatment.  

PubMed

This paper reports a follow-up of 39 women who had donated eggs to an assisted conception unit. Their experience of donation and their motivation and attitudes were assessed. Comparisons were made with a group of semen donors who were attending a second unit. Female and male donors donated for altruistic reasons and neither group wished to have contact with recipients or donor offspring or have their identity revealed. Female donors were more involved in the donation process and more interested in the outcome of donation. They also appeared to be more motivated by 'helping' than male donors. The sample of female donors contained a small group of women who were donating to sisters and friends. In comparison with anonymous donors, these women reported more effects upon the family and issues of secrecy and openness were more apparent. The results are discussed in the light of previous studies and the legal framework for donation in the UK. Attention is drawn to the lack of social psychological analyses in this controversial medical area. PMID:15452938

Fielding, D; Handley, S; Duqueno, L; Weaver, S; Lui, S

426

Opportunities not taken: Successes and shortcomings in the Institute of Medicine's report on organ donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Institute of Medicine's recent report, Organ Donation: Opportunities for Action, studies the current problems facing organ donation in the USA, making suggestions for quality improvement and analyzing various proposals of incentivized donation and presumed consent (PC). Although the report deals with the donation of several solid organs, this mini review examines the findings from the perspective of kidney transplantation.

K K Das; B H Lerner

2007-01-01

427

Alaska Natives and Alaska Higher Education, 1960-1972: A Descriptive Study. Alaska Native Human Resources Development Program, Publication 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing data derived from numerous sources (institutions, Alaska Native organizations, Federal and State agencies, conferences, etc.), this descriptive study is divided into 6 chapters which trace the evolution of and the necessity for Alaska Native higher education. Following a detailed introduction, Chapter 2 describes the physical and…

Jacquot, Louis F.

428

Job Descriptions, Report Forms, Annual Report, Mobile Home Live-In Agreements. Workshop I. School Security Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Workshop materials, all from Broward County (Florida), include job descriptions for the positions of director of security, security investigator, security specialist, and security patrolman. A security report also contains charts reflecting arson, vandalism, and theft costs from the school in years 1970 through 1979. The last section contains…

National Association of School Security Directors, Bellevue, WA.

429

Possible Approaches for Interfacing POD (Program Operation Description) to PSL (Problem Statement Language) and SEM (System Encyclopedia Manager).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the most promising strategies for building a bridge type interface between POD and either PSL/PSA or SEM. In addition a cookbook type recipe is given for constructing a POD SDF from SPA output reports derived from PSL system descript...

J. P. Buzen G. Giacone D. E. Hall P. S. Mager R. T. Williams

1981-01-01

430

Alaska Natives and Alaska Higher Education, 1960-1972: A Descriptive Study. Alaska Native Human Resources Development Program, Publication 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Utilizing data derived from numerous sources (institutions, Alaska Native organizations, Federal and State agencies, conferences, etc.), this descriptive study is divided into 6 chapters which trace the evolution of and the necessity for Alaska Native higher education. Following a detailed introduction, Chapter 2 describes the physical and…

Jacquot, Louis F.

431

Center-level utilization of kidney paired donation.  

PubMed

With many multicenter consortia and a United Network for Organ Sharing program, participation in kidney paired donation (KPD) has become mainstream in the United States and should be feasible for any center that performs live donor kidney transplantation (LDKT). Lack of participation in KPD may significantly disadvantage patients with incompatible donors. To explore utilization of this modality, we analyzed adjusted center-specific KPD rates based on casemix of adult LDKT-eligible patients at 207 centers between 2006 and 2011 using SRTR data. From 2006 to 2008, KPD transplants became more evenly distributed across centers, but from 2008 to 2011 the distribution remained unchanged (Gini coefficient = 0.91 for 2006, 0.76 for 2008 and 0.77 for 2011), showing an unfortunate stall in dissemination. At the 10% of centers with the highest KPD rates, 9.9-38.5% of LDKTs occurred through KPD during 2009-2011; if all centers adopted KPD at rates observed in the very high-KPD centers, the number of KPD transplants per year would increase by a factor of 3.2 (from 494 to 1593). Broader implementation of KPD across a wide number of centers is crucial to properly serve transplant candidates with healthy but incompatible live donors. PMID:23463990

Massie, A B; Gentry, S E; Montgomery, R A; Bingaman, A A; Segev, D L

2013-03-06

432

Deal breakers in the organ donation request process.  

PubMed

Organ donation consent rates have stagnated at about 50%, while the need for transplantable organs continues to increase. This article focuses on consent rates of families who make a donation decision for a deceased loved one, and how social marketing efforts to increase organ donation can be enhanced by better understanding the decision-making process these families use. Three categories of factors bear significantly on that decision which, if not addressed properly, will very likely result in a refusal to donate. These "deal breaker" categories include (1) family predisposition and family care, (2) requestor characteristics, and (3) request dynamics. Recommendations are made toward developing best practices protocols which roughly parallel promotion activities and the selling process utilized in commercial marketing for overcoming these barriers. PMID:19042510

Aldridge, Alicia; Guy, Bonnie S

2008-01-01

433

Multiple Egg Donations May Not Affect Women's Future Fertility  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Multiple Egg Donations May Not Affect Women's Future Fertility: Study Additional research found frozen eggs are nearly as effective as fresh for IVF ...

434

Donations to Colleges Decline for the First Time since 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses findings from a survey on voluntary giving to higher education, which found that a sharp drop in alumni giving in 2002 spurred a dip in colleges' overall donations for the first time in 14 years. (EV)|

Blumenstyk, Goldie

2003-01-01

435

50 CFR 12.36 - Donation or loan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... TAKING, POSSESSION, TRANSPORTATION, SALE, PURCHASE, BARTER, EXPORTATION, AND IMPORTATION OF WILDLIFE AND PLANTS SEIZURE AND FORFEITURE PROCEDURES Disposal of Forfeited or Abandoned Property § 12.36 Donation or loan. (a)...

2012-10-01

436

50 CFR 12.36 - Donation or loan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... TAKING, POSSESSION, TRANSPORTATION, SALE, PURCHASE, BARTER, EXPORTATION, AND IMPORTATION OF WILDLIFE AND PLANTS SEIZURE AND FORFEITURE PROCEDURES Disposal of Forfeited or Abandoned Property § 12.36 Donation or loan. (a)...

2011-10-01

437

Frontotemporal Dementia Caregivers and Researchers: Partnering for Brain Donation  

PubMed Central

This study utilized a community-based, participatory research model between the Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) and the Education Core of the Indiana Alzheimer Disease Center. A total of 30 caregivers of persons with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) participated in 6 focus groups in 3 cities. The majority of participants were spouses of the person with FTD and had been providing care for an average of 6 years. Transcript analysis revealed 7 prominent themes: willingness to participate, when/how the issue of brain donation is raised, who initiates discussion about brain donation, who is involved in decisions about brain donation, motivation for participating in brain donation, lack of effective communication, and barriers to research participation. Caregivers demonstrated a strong desire to participate in research and contribute to advancing knowledge. The lack of effective communication between the clinicians and caregivers was a barrier to developing positive rapport, detrimentally impacting research participation.

Austrom, Mary Guerriero; Dickinson, S. L-J; Denny, S. S.; Matthews, B. R.; Gao, S.; Lu, Y.

2013-01-01

438

Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant Quality Assurance Program description for high-level waste form development and qualification. Revision 3, Part 2  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant Project has been established to convert the high-level radioactive waste associated with nuclear defense production at the Hanford Site into a waste form suitable for disposal in a deep geologic repository. The Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant will mix processed radioactive waste with borosilicate material, then heat the mixture to its melting point (vitrification) to forin a glass-like substance that traps the radionuclides in the glass matrix upon cooling. The Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant Quality Assurance Program has been established to support the mission of the Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant. This Quality Assurance Program Description has been written to document the Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant Quality Assurance Program.

Not Available

1993-08-01

439

Narratives: an essential tool for evaluating living kidney donations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Norway’s living kidney donation-rate is among the highest in the world (36 per million). According to questionnaire-results, donors enjoy better than average health, presumably due to the strict medical criteria\\u000a for being allowed to donate and life long medical follow up. However, in recent years international studies have cast doubt\\u000a on the predominantly positive picture of donors and recipients, particularly

Anne Hambro Alnaes

440

Blood Donation is an Act of Benevolence Rather Than Altruism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Blood donation is described as an archetypal altruistic behavior, and recruitment\\/retention campaigns emphasize altruism. Here, a benevolence hypothesis for blood donation (both the donor and recipient benefit) rather than the altruism hypothesis (only the recipient gains) is proposed. Design: Three United Kingdom–based studies contrasted benevolence and altruism: (a) a 6-month prospective study of blood donor behavior (Study 1: N

Eamonn Ferguson; Kathleen Farrell; Claire Lawrence

2008-01-01

441

Religion and Organ Donation: The Views of UK Faith Leaders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the findings from the one-to-one interviews with the main UK faith and belief leaders which were commissioned\\u000a by the Organ Donation Taskforce as part of its evidence gathering. Interviews were arranged with the main faith and belief\\u000a organisations within the UK. Interviews covered a range of issues related to organ donation. Although some faith groups had\\u000a some

Gurch Randhawa; Anna Brocklehurst; Ruth Pateman; Suzannah Kinsella; Vivienne Parry

442

THE DETERMINANTS OF CHARITABLE DONATIONS IN THE REPUBLIC OF IRELAND  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis explores the variable that affect the probability of donating and the variables that affect the size of donation by Irish households. The datasets employed are the Irish Household Budget Surveys, 1994\\/1995 and 1999\\/2000, which are analysed using a tobit model and a double-hurdle model with an inverse hyperbolic sine transformation. Between 1994 and 2000, Ireland witnessed a remarkable

James Carroll; Siobhan McCarthy; Carol Newman

2005-01-01

443

[Family approach - retrospective analysis of 6617 donation requests].  

PubMed

Background: According to surveys the majority of the German population has a positive attitude towards organ donation. However, declarations of will concerning this matter are often missing in case of death. Thus, in nearly all cases consent must be obtained from the family of the deceased. Compared with refusal rates of other countries the refusal rate in Germany (approximately 40 %) is rather high. The modification of the German Transplantation Legislation in November 2012 supports the voluntary documentation of everyone's decision with regard to organ donation.Methods: Based on 6617 documented donation requests collected between 2009 and 2011, factors were identified, which - besides personal attitude of morality - could influence the decision about donation.Results: The decedent's will is often unknown (67.4 %) and the family's decision is based on the suspected will of the patient. This resulted in 4097 (61.9 %) consents and 2520 (38.1 %) refusals. 4669 (70.6 %) of these donation-requests were carried out by the physician in charge and 1948 (29.4 %) with the assistance of a coordinator from the German foundation for organ transplantation (DSO). Predictive (p < 0.001) for consent were the presence of a specially trained coordinator and the timing of the request for organ donation.Conclusion: There is a big discrepancy between the attitude displayed in surveys and the actual consent rate to organ donation. The major challenge is an improved caregiving for the donor family. Donation requests should be made preferably by trained physicians as well as coordinators. Waiting for the finalized certification of brain death may not be appropriate in all cases. PMID:24048699

Schaub, F; Fischer-Fröhlich, C-L; Wolf, C; Kirste, G

2013-09-18

444

From design to implementation - The Joint Asia Diabetes Evaluation (JADE) program: A descriptive report of an electronic web-based diabetes management program  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The Joint Asia Diabetes Evaluation (JADE) Program is a web-based program incorporating a comprehensive risk engine, care protocols, and clinical decision support to improve ambulatory diabetes care. METHODS: The JADE Program uses information technology to facilitate healthcare professionals to create a diabetes registry and to deliver an evidence-based care and education protocol tailored to patients' risk profiles. With written

Gary T Ko; Wing-Yee So; Peter C Tong; Francois Le Coguiec; Debborah Kerr; Greg Lyubomirsky; Beaver Tamesis; Troels Wolthers; Jennifer Nan; Juliana Chan

2010-01-01

445

Factors influencing the willingness to donate body parts for transplantation.  

PubMed

Three hundred and thirty-six people representing three ethnic groups (White, Asian, and Afro-Caribbean) were asked to rank their preferences concerning various incentives that might induce them to agree to the posthumous donation of their body parts. A conjoint analysis of the responses suggested that 'self centred' options (notably upfront cash payments and priority on waiting lists) were generally more popular than 'altruistic' alternatives. Members of the sample already possessing donor cards were more knowledgeable about the issue of organ transplantation than others, were less squeamish, and had relatives who favoured organ donation. The strength of a person's desire to donate body parts was related positively to self-respect and whether the individual was 'religious'; and negatively to (i) squeamishness and (ii) having relatives who objected to transplantation. Altruistic preferences vis-à-vis organ donation were associated with knowledgeability, self-esteem, family background, low levels of squeamishness, and the extent to which a person experienced 'helper's high.' People who were financially well-off were the most self-centred in the organ donation context. Overall the results imply substantial disparities between public policy and contemporary public opinion regarding transplant donation incentives. PMID:15201119

Bennett, Roger; Savani, Sharmila

2004-01-01

446

Gender issues in solid organ donation and transplantation.  

PubMed

Gender as a critical, intrinsic, non-immunologic factor plays a pivotal role in the field of transplantation. The gender of donors and recipients is involved in the entire process, including organ donation and transplant surgery. This review article aims to summarize the literature related to the role of gender in solid organ donation and transplantation and to unveil the underlying mechanism by which gender mismatch between donor and recipient impacts transplant rejection. A systematic search was conducted through PubMed by using the following key words: "gender", or "sex", and "transplant", "organ donation" for published articles. The prima facie evidence demonstrated that females are more likely to donate their organs and are less willing than males to accept transplant surgery; however, their donated liver organs will have a higher risk of graft failure compared with males. With respect to kidney, heart, and lung transplantations, the role of gender remains controversial. Results of animal studies support the negative impact of gender mismatch on allograft function. In conclusion, our present study advances the knowledge of gender issues in the field of solid organ donation and transplantation. In general, gender mismatch is not advantageous to transplant outcome, as evidenced by many aspects of biological investigations on immunogenicity of H-Y antigen to females. Therefore, gender issues should be highlighted and an a priori intervention is needed to improve graft survival in clinical practice. PMID:24064859

Ge, Fangmin; Huang, Tao; Yuan, Shunzong; Zhou, Yeqing; Gong, Weihua

2013-09-25

447

Directed altruistic living organ donation: partial but not unfair.  

PubMed

Arguments against directed altruistic living organ donations are too weak to justify a ban. Potential donors who want to specify the non-related person or group of persons to receive their donated kidney should be accepted. The arguments against, based on considerations of motivation, fairness and (non-)anonymity (e.g. those recently cited by an advisory report of the Dutch Health Council), are presented and discussed, as well as the Dutch Government's response. Whereas the Government argues that individuals have authority with regard to the allocation of their organs, partial considerations have not been sufficiently explored. In addition, it is argued that partial relationships govern human life, are significant and should be valued highly. These relationships are at the core of accepted living kidney donation between relatives (family members, partners, friends). Respecting the particular act of living donation goes beyond respect for autonomy; it touches upon our personal and social identity. Donation, e.g. of a kidney, is not undertaken strictly for the benefit of the recipient, but also to meet the moral standards we wish to set for ourselves. This consideration, rooted in a view of moral identity, provides the basis for many forms of directed donation that are both partial and justified. If the importance of this is not recognized, social policies can be neither adequate nor effective. PMID:16459404

Hilhorst, Medard T

2005-04-01

448

DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSIS OF INSPECTION/MAINTENANCE PROGRAMS FOR OIL FIRED CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS IN SWITZERLAND AND WEST GERMANY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report describes and analyzes inspection/maintenance programs for oil-fired heating systems in Switzerland and West Germany. Inspection programs for oil-fired residential and commercial heating systems were introduced in Switzerland and West Germany in the late 1960s, induced...

449

The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency's ground-water classification system and wellhead protection program; Description, status and implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the need to protect ground water has become recognized, a wide array of programs and requirements have emerged at all levels of government to address a variety of different potential sources of contamination and to clean up already contaminated ground water. EPA, states and others have sought ways to accommodate this variability in designing and implementing programs to protect

M. Mlay; J. J. Valdes

1987-01-01

450

Reconceptualizing Teacher Preparation for Inclusive Classrooms: A Description of the Dual License Program at the University of New Mexico.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the Dual License Teacher Preparation Program at the University of New Mexico and the national and state context within which it was developed and continues to evolve. Graduates of the program are eligible for licensure in general education (K-8) and special education (K-12). Teacher collaboration is highlighted. (Contains…

Keefe, Elizabeth B.; Rossi, Pamela J.; de Valenzuela, J. S.; Howarth, Sam

2000-01-01

451

Project Pals: A Description of a High School-Based Tutorial Program Using Corrective Reading and Peer-Delivered Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this investigation was to assess implementation aspects of a peer-delivered Corrective Reading Program (CRP), entitled "Project PALS" (Peer Assisted Learning System), in six area high schools. Specifically, high schools provided details on the following aspects of their programs: school and teachers, students receiving peer…

Marchand-Martella, Nancy; Martella, Ronald C.; Bettis, Daniel F.; Blakely, Molly Riley

2004-01-01

452

46 CFR 71.50-15 - Description of the Alternative Hull Examination (AHE) Program for certain passenger vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...program or if a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) is used during the program, the...two underwater surveys. If an underwater ROV is used as the predominate method to examine...The expected hull coverage when using an ROV must be at least 80 percent....

2012-10-01

453

46 CFR 115.620 - Description of the Alternative Hull Examination (AHE) Program for certain passenger vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...program or if a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) is used during the program, the...two underwater surveys. If an underwater ROV is used as the predominate method to examine...The expected hull coverage when using an ROV must be at least 80 percent....

2012-10-01

454

46 CFR 176.620 - Description of the Alternative Hull Examination (AHE) Program for certain passenger vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...program, or if a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) is used during the program, the...two underwater surveys. If an underwater ROV is used as the predominate method to examine...The expected hull coverage when using an ROV must be at least 80 percent....

2011-10-01

455

46 CFR 71.50-15 - Description of the Alternative Hull Examination (AHE) Program for certain passenger vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...program or if a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) is used during the program, the...two underwater surveys. If an underwater ROV is used as the predominate method to examine...The expected hull coverage when using an ROV must be at least 80 percent....

2011-10-01

456

46 CFR 176.620 - Description of the Alternative Hull Examination (AHE) Program for certain passenger vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...program, or if a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) is used during the program, the...two underwater surveys. If an underwater ROV is used as the predominate method to examine...The expected hull coverage when using an ROV must be at least 80 percent....

2012-10-01

457

Promotion of Body Donation and Use of Cadavers in Anatomical Education at the University of Padova  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This letter to the editor is in response to an article published in ASE regarding the ethics of body donation. The letter addresses a central focus of international and national cadaver donation issues, a decrease in cadaver donation. Specifically this article offers a suggestion on how a university has been able to increase cadaver donations due to the development of a Cadaver Donation Association by faculty.

2009-03-01

458

Prediction of Unsteady Aerodynamic Loadings Caused by Trailing Edge Control Surface Motions in Subsonic Compressible Flow Computer Program Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A digital computer program has been developed to calculate unsteady loadings caused by motions of lifting surfaces with trailing edge control based on the subsonic kernal function approach. The pressure singularities at hinge line and side edges have been...

M. C. Redman W. S. Rowe B. A. Winther

1972-01-01

459

National Status and Trends Program: Monitoring Site Descriptions (1984-1990) for the National Mussel Watch and Benthic Surveillance Projects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Concern about the condition of the environmental quality of the Nation's coastal and estuarine ecosystems resulted in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) initiating the National Status and Trends (NS&T) Program in 1984. The goal of ...

B. W. Gottholm C. S. Peven D. Wilkinson E. Crecelius G. G. Lauenstein J. Campbell M. R. Harmon P. J. Hanson R. Fay S. Freitas S. Kiesser V. Zdanowicz W. D. Gronlund

1993-01-01

460

Stochastic Optimization and Simulation Techniques for Management of Regional Water Resource Systems. Volume IIB: FILLIN-I Program Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the FILLIN-I computer program which generates hydrologic data to augment incomplete data sets of various types of hydrologic data. Criteria derived from numerical analysis and variance reduction techniques are used for data augmentat...

1970-01-01

461

Description and evaluation of a program for the early discharge of infants from a neonatal intensive care unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of a cost-containment program focused on decreasing the lengths of hospital stay of high-risk neonates was assessed by comparison of discharge weights and lengths of stay for 257 study infants, discharged from a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) after an early-discharge program began, with those of 477 control infants discharged during a prior 1-year period. Demographic data and

Uma R. Kotagal; Paul H. Perlstein; Vivian Gamblian; Edward F. Donovan; Harry D. Atherton

1995-01-01

462

50 CFR 679.26 - Prohibited Species Donation Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...distribution of food product from remote Alaskan...distribution costs, and product quality control. ...including sufficient liability insurance to cover...and employees for any liability for personal injury...FOR SALE - PERISHABLE PRODUCT - KEEP...

2012-10-01

463

50 CFR 679.26 - Prohibited Species Donation Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...distribution of food product from remote Alaskan...distribution costs, and product quality control. ...including sufficient liability insurance to cover...and employees for any liability for personal injury...FOR SALE - PERISHABLE PRODUCT - KEEP...

2011-10-01

464

Reduced social preferences in autism: evidence from charitable donations  

PubMed Central

Background People with autism have abnormal preferences, ranging from an apparent lack of preference for social stimuli to unusually strong preferences for restricted sets of highly idiosyncratic stimuli. Yet the profile of preferences across social and nonsocial domains has not been mapped out in detail, and the processes responsible remain poorly understood. Methods To assess preferences across a range of stimuli, we measured real monetary donations to 50 charities spanning categories pertaining to people, mental health, animals, or the environment. We compared the donations made by 16 high-functioning adults with autism to those made by neurotypical controls matched on age, gender and education. We additionally collected ratings of how people evaluated the different charities. Results Compared with controls, high-functioning adults with autism donated less overall and also showed a significantly disproportionate reduction in donations to people charities compared with donations to the other charities. Furthermore, whereas controls discriminated strongly between different people charities, choosing to donate a lot of money to some and very little to others, much less discrimination was seen in the autism group. Ratings that probed how participants constructed their preferences did not differ between groups, except for a difference in the perceived impact of pictures and text information about people charities. Strikingly, there were some charities related to mental health, and autism in particular, to which the autism group donated considerably more than did the controls. Conclusions People with autism were found to have reduced preference and sensitivity towards charities benefiting other people. The findings provide evidence for a domain-specific impairment in social cognition in autism spectrum disorder, and in particular in linking otherwise intact social knowledge to the construction of value signals on which preferences regarding other people are based.

2012-01-01

465

Standard Current Descriptions of State and Federal Student Financial Assistance Programs for Use by Postsecondary Institutions in Complying with Part 53 of the Regulations of the Commissioner of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Descriptions of New York State and federal student financial aid programs as of November 1981 are presented for use by postsecondary institutions in compliance with part 53 of the Regulations of the Commissioner of Education. These descriptions may be used in the preparation of catalogs or bulletins and include information of application…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of Postsecondary Research, Information Systems, and Institutional Aid.

466

Program Description: A National Program of the Association of American Colleges and Universities & the Council of Graduate Schools. Preparing Future Faculty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides an overview of the Preparing Future Faculty (PFF) program, initiated in 1994 to bring together clusters of colleges and universities in planning programs that introduce graduate students to faculty life in a variety of campus environments. PFF is especially designed to bring together research universities and the nearby…

Association of American Colleges and Universities, Washington, DC.

467

Drought description  

USGS Publications Warehouse

What constitutes a comprehensive description of drought, a description forming a basis for answering why a drought occurred is outlined. The description entails two aspects that are "naturally" coupled, named physical and economic, and treats the set of hydrologic measures of droughts in terms of their multivariate distribution, rather than in terms of a collection of the marginal distributions. ?? 1991 Springer-Verlag.

Matalas, N. C.

1991-01-01

468

States Keep the Dream Alive: Elder Rights and Minority Initiatives. A Description of State Legislation and Programs. Second Edition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Elder rights and minority issues are on the forefront of the State Units on Aging action agenda. The traditional Title VII programs of the Older American Act-ombudsman, legal assistance, elder abuse prevention, and benefits counseling---continue to be cor...

1997-01-01

469

A Descriptive Analysis of Supply Factors and Prices for USDA Foods in the National School Lunch Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose/Objectives: Schools that participate in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) receive a portion of their annual federal funding as commodity entitlement foods--now called USDA Foods--rather than cash payments. Due to rising food prices in recent years, it has been recommended that schools compare the costs and benefits of commodity and…

Peterson, Cora

2010-01-01

470

The ESL Component of Bilingual Education in Practice: Critical Descriptions of Bilingual Classrooms and Programs. Editors' Introduction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces this special volume that seeks to provide insiders' reflective views of a wide range of bilingual education programs, with the aim of catalyzing dialog and reform. Provides demographic background on speakers of minority languages in the United States and in schools, and on needs and problems related to the education of…

Cisneros, Rene; Leone, Beti

1995-01-01

471

A descriptive study of the attitudes and perceptions school administrators in middle Tennessee have of special education programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the passing of The Rehabilitation Act of 1973, individuals with disabilities have made tremendous gains in educational and employment opportunities. As the instructional leader, the principal is involved in decisions about the placement of students with disabilities and is in a position to ensure that these particular students participate in general education, including academics and extracurricular programs. Principals have

Timothy Noel Jackson

2001-01-01

472

Portrayal of organ donation and transplantation on American primetime television.  

PubMed

Recently, both living and deceased organ donation rates have hit a plateau, despite increases in need for viable organs. One approach to improve donation rate is public education and policy; thus, it is necessary to understand the information the public is receiving regarding organ donation. We hypothesized that primetime medical dramas portray organ donation and transplantation in a negative manner. We compiled data on all primetime medical drama episodes with transplant themes from November 2008 through June 2010 and assessed depictions of organ donors and transplant candidates. Positive and negative thematic elements surrounding the process and individuals involved were also identified. One hundred and fifty-five million and 145 million households watched episodes containing any negative message and any positive message, respectively. Episodes containing only negative messages had over twice the household viewership per episode compared to episodes containing only positive messages (8.4 million vs. 4.1 million, p = 0.01). Widespread exposure to these representations may reinforce public misconceptions of transplantation. The transplant community should consider the popularity of medical dramas as an opportunity to impact the perception of organ donation and transplantation for millions of Americans. PMID:21410759

Harbaugh, Calista; Afana, Majed; Burdick, Stephanie; East, Joseph; Kodali, Sindhura; Lee, Jay; Patel, Shaun; Rangrass, Govind; Ranney, David; Sood, Vikram; Lynch, Raymond; Sonnenday, Christopher J; Englesbe, Michael J; Mathur, Amit K

2011-03-16

473

Organ donation and Islam-challenges and opportunities.  

PubMed

The issue of organ donation in Islam has been debated for decades, with most religious authorities sanctioning both living-organ and deceased-organ donation. However, disquiet among the Islamic community on the compatibility of organ donation with their faith remains, especially in relation to deceased-organ donation. This remains a topical, controversial, and challenging component of organ procurement at both local and international levels. In this article, I will explore Islamic arguments both for and against organ donation, in the context of both living-donor and deceased-donor models. By discussing both practical and philosophical perspectives, the aim is to facilitate discussion on how best to achieve consensus on this issue by driving the debate forward in an open and all-encompassing manner. Although every attempt should be made to achieve consensus among key Muslim opinion makers (individuals, authorities, and institutions), encouraging personalized decision making by intellectual effort should be the goal to achieve genuine informed consent. PMID:22854424

Sharif, Adnan

2012-09-15

474

Gulf Coast geopressured-geothermal program summary report compilation. Volume 2B: Resource description, program history, wells tested, university and company based research, site restoration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US Department of Energy established a geopressured-geothermal energy program in the mid 1970`s as one response to America`s need to develop alternate energy resources in view of the increasing dependence on imported fossil fuel energy. This program continued for 17 years and approximately two hundred million dollars were expended for various types of research and well testing to thoroughly

C. J. John; G. Maciasz; B. J. Harder

1998-01-01

475

Policy statement--pediatric organ donation and transplantation.  

PubMed

Pediatric organ donation and organ transplantation can have a significant life-extending benefit to the young recipients of these organs and a high emotional impact on donor and recipient families. Pediatricians, pediatric medical specialists, and pediatric transplant surgeons need to be better acquainted with evolving national strategies that involve organ procurement and organ transplantation to help acquaint families with the benefits and risks of organ donation and transplantation. Efforts of pediatric professionals are needed to shape public policies to provide a system in which procurement, distribution, and cost are fair and equitable to children and adults. Major issues of concern are availability of and access to donor organs; oversight and control of the process; pediatric medical and surgical consultation and continued care throughout the organ-donation and transplantation process; ethical, social, financial, and follow-up issues; insurance-coverage issues; and public awareness of the need for organ donors of all ages. PMID:20351011

2010-03-29

476

Thanking and reciprocating under the New Zealand organ donation system.  

PubMed

Organ donation and transplantation has been extensively addressed in the biomedical and bioethics literature in relation to debates around organ allocation and procurement strategies, and concerns about consent, coercion and commodification. This article addresses the topic sociologically, drawing on data from face-to-face in-depth interviews undertaken between 2008 and 2010 with organ and tissue recipients, anonymous altruistic donors and donor family members to discuss questions of reciprocity and intercorporeality that arise in the course of tissue exchange. In particular, the article examines the place of anonymity protocol for organ donors and transplantation recipients in New Zealand and their responses to conventions and scripts surrounding this rule. The article concludes by calling for discussion to re-examine anonymity protocol and rituals around organ donation and transplantation, citing lessons from gamete donation policies and recent law in New Zealand as productive for thinking through matters of personhood and identity relating to organ transfer. PMID:21708834

Shaw, Rhonda

2011-06-27

477

The evolution of food donation with respect to waste prevention.  

PubMed

The donation of food which is still edible can be seen as a specific application of urban mining as food is recovered for its original purpose - human intake. There are several projects implemented worldwide but due to a lack of data, scientific literature about the topic is rare. This paper summarises briefly the evolution of food donation activities and gives information on the differences and similarities of current organisations distributing food to people in need as well as the political, legal, social and logistical barriers and incentives which occur with respect to this topic. A concept for a food donation network is presented and impact on ecology, economy and society is discussed. PMID:23453166

Schneider, Felicitas

2013-03-01

478

[Provisions for potentially raising the age limit for oocyte donation].  

PubMed

The introduction ofoocyte donation has provided a new perspective on reproduction for women with premature ovarian failure. In contrast to other forms ofassisted reproductive technology, the success ofoocyte donation is not affected by the age of the future mother. This has prompted a discussion on raising the age limit to allow older women to become pregnant. The health risk for the future mother is increased in older women compared with younger women but does not appear to be a sufficient reason to disqualify older women from undergoing the procedure. Lack of information regarding the effect of very late parenthood on the medical, psychological and social well-being of the future child poses the greatest concern. Should the age limit be extended for oocyte donation, treatment should be restricted to a research setting with a protocol for single-embryo transfer and extensive follow-up regarding the well-being of the future child. PMID:17203695

van Kasteren, Y M; Braat, D D M

2006-11-25

479

One window-period donation in two years of individual donor-nucleic acid test screening for hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus  

PubMed Central

Objective To describe general data on nucleic acid/serology testing and report the first hepatitis B-nucleic acid testing yield case of an immunized donor in Brazil. Methods A total of 24,441 donations collected in 2010 and 2011 were submitted to individual nucleic acid testing for hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus using the TaqMan(r) MPX kit (Roche) on the Cobas s201 platform, in addition to routine screening for serological markers. Nucleic acid testing-reactive donations were further evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction using Cobas AmpliPrep/Cobas TaqMan hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus and human immunodeficiency virus tests. Results Thirty-two donations were reactive by nucleic acid testing, 31 were also serologically reactive and one first-time donor was identified as having hepatitis B in the window period. Follow-up samples showed increasing titers of anti-HBs rising from 19 UI/mL in the index donation to 109 IU/mL seven months later attributable to his vaccination history. Curiously, this donor was never reactive for HbsAg nor for anti-HBc. In the yield donation, he was concomitantly reactive for syphilis (enzyme immunoassay and fluorescent treponemal antibody-absorption; venereal disease research laboratory non-reactive). Overall, six donors (0.02%) were characterized as occult hepatitis B. A total of 35% of the confirmed (recombinant immunoblot assay positive) hepatitis C donations were nucleic acid testing non-reactive and no human immunodeficiency virus "elite controller" was identified. Conclusion The yield rate (1:24,441; 95% confidence interval: 1:9,537 - 1:89,717) contrasts to the North American rate (1:410,540 donations) and strongly advocates the adoption of nucleic acid testing for hepatitis B in Brazil despite the increasing rate of anti-HBs reactive subjects due to the successful immunization program.

Levi, Jose Eduardo; Pereira, Ricardo Antonio D'Almeida; Polite, Marcia Bernardino de Carvalho; Mota, Mariza Aparecida; Nunez, Silvia Patricia; Pinho, Joao Renato Rebello; Kutner, Jose Mauro

2013-01-01

480

41 CFR 102-37.50 - What is the general process for requesting surplus property for donation?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What is the general process for requesting surplus property for donation? 102-37.50... PERSONAL PROPERTY 37-DONATION OF SURPLUS PERSONAL PROPERTY General Provisions...What is the general process for requesting surplus property for donation? The...

2013-01-01

481

Donation--a difficult but most important discussion.  

PubMed

Organ and tissue donation is an important topic that needs to be discussed with each family before, during or after the loss of a loved one. Currently in Michigan there are more than 2,400 people waiting for an organ or cornea transplant and many more in need of heart valves, bone, vein or skin grafts. Donation gives a grieving family a choice that could be the one positive outcome to a tragic or untimely death--saving or greatly improving the quality of someone's life. PMID:10350805

Murphy, L

482

Shared Decision-Making(Trade Name) Programs. Descriptive Analysis of Experience with Shared Decision-Making Programs in VA and A Systematic Review: Assessing the Effectiveness of Shared Decision-Making Programs for Prostate Care. Technology Assessment Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Shared Decision-making Program videos (SDPs) provide tailored patient education and unbiased patient treatment information. SDPs, designed to help patients work with their providers to make decisions about their care, rely on provider buy-in and easy pati...

D. Anderson E. Adams E. Alligood

1997-01-01

483

A Description of Federal Information and Outreach Programs and Selected State, Institutional and Community Models. Symposium on Information Resources, Services, and Programs. Background Paper Number Three.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes state, institutional, and other community-based programs deemed exemplary (on the basis of design imperatives) for successful interventions to promote meaningful access of minority group youth to postsecondary education. The imperatives include early intervention, comprehensive and integrated intervention, intervention…

Hexter, Holly

484

Standard Current Descriptions of State and Federal Student Financial Assistance Programs for Use by Postsecondary Institutions in Complying with Part 53 of the Regulations of the Commissioner of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Descriptions of federal and New York State financial aid programs are provided that may be used in preparing catalogs or bulletins. Information is included on application procedures, method of selection of recipients and allocation of awards, award schedule, and responsibilities of recipients. The state- administered programs include the…

New York State Education Dept., Albany.

485

7 CFR 250.58 - Ordering donated foods and their provision to school food authorities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...donated foods and their provision to school food authorities. 250.58 Section...donated foods and their provision to school food authorities. (a) Ordering...distributing agency must ensure that all school food authorities are aware of the...

2010-01-01

486

7 CFR 250.58 - Ordering donated foods and their provision to school food authorities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...donated foods and their provision to school food authorities. 250.58 Section...donated foods and their provision to school food authorities. (a) Ordering...distributing agency must ensure that all school food authorities are aware of the...

2009-01-01

487

7 CFR 250.52 - Storage and inventory management of donated foods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Storage and inventory management of donated foods. 250.52 Section 250.52 Agriculture...Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION DONATION OF FOODS...

2013-01-01

488

7 CFR 250.59 - Storage and inventory management of donated foods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Storage and inventory management of donated foods. 250.59 Section 250.59 Agriculture...Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION DONATION OF FOODS...

2013-01-01

489

7 CFR 250.56 - Provision of donated foods in NSLP.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Provision of donated foods in NSLP. 250.56 Section 250.56...Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION DONATION OF FOODS...

2013-01-01

490

41 CFR 102-37.520 - What is the authority for public airport donations?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01...authority for public airport donations? 102-37...Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management...Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION PERSONAL... Donations to Public Airports §...

2010-07-01

491

41 CFR 102-37.520 - What is the authority for public airport donations?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Contracts and Property Management 3 2009-07-01...authority for public airport donations? 102-37...Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management...Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION PERSONAL... Donations to Public Airports §...

2009-07-01

492

41 CFR 102-37.520 - What is the authority for public airport donations?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-01-01...authority for public airport donations? 102-37...Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management...Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION PERSONAL... Donations to Public Airports §...

2013-01-01

493

7 CFR 250.59 - Storage and inventory management of donated foods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...store and inventory donated foods together with commercially purchased foods and other foods, under a single inventory management system, as defined in this part, unless the distributing agency requires donated foods to be distinguished...

2010-01-01

494

7 CFR 250.59 - Storage and inventory management of donated foods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...store and inventory donated foods together with commercially purchased foods and other foods, under a single inventory management system, as defined in this part, unless the distributing agency requires donated foods to be distinguished...

2009-01-01

495

7 CFR 250.13 - Distribution and control of donated foods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...consumed without waste in providing food assistance for persons eligible... (3) Minimum donations. Foods shall be donated only in such...quantities as will protect the lower truck load freight rate, except as... (4) Allocations. As foods become available for...

2010-01-01

496

77 FR 50447 - Federal Management Regulation; Donation of Surplus Personal Property  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Federal Management Regulation; Donation of Surplus Personal Property AGENCY: Office of Governmentwide...adds as potential recipients of Federal surplus property those organizations whose membership...Federal agencies, State Agencies for Surplus Property (SASPs), and donation...

2012-08-21

497

7 CFR 250.51 - Crediting for, and use of, donated foods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and use of, donated foods. 250.51 Section 250.51 Agriculture Regulations of the...ITS TERRITORIES AND POSSESSIONS AND AREAS UNDER ITS JURISDICTION Donated...Service Management Companies § 250.51 Crediting for, and use of,...

2013-01-01

498

Surgeon General's Workshop: Increasing Organ Donation (Proceedings), Washington, DC, July 8-10, 1991.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Ihe Surgeon Generals Workshop on Increasing Organ Donation held in July 1991 was a response to the critical need to raise donation levels. The workshop brought together approximately 125 individuals from very diverse backgrounds including medicine, nursin...

1991-01-01

499

48 CFR 45.603 - Abandonment, destruction or donation of excess personal property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...destruction or donation of excess personal...Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY Reporting...destruction or donation of excess personal...property, including advertising, storage,...

2011-10-01

500

42 CFR 410.55 - Services related to kidney donations: Conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Services related to kidney donations: Conditions. 410.55 ...Services § 410.55 Services related to kidney donations: Conditions. Medicare...that are furnished in connection with a kidney donationâ (a) If the kidney...

2009-10-01