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1

LEDP - Laboratory Equipment Donation Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) grants used energy-related laboratory equipment through its Laboratory Equipment Donation Program (LEDP). Any non-profit, educational institution starting at the middle school level and including high schools, universities, colleges, junior colleges, technical institutes, museums, or hospitals, located in the U.S. and interested in establishing or upgrading energy-oriented educational programs in the life, physical, and environmental sciences and in engineering is eligible to apply. Application reviews and grant awards are performed on a first-received, first-qualified basis. Examples of equipment that may be requested include: * Amp meters, voltmeters, electrometers * Amplifiers * Catalyst test units * Distillation columns * Dosimeters, survey meters, radiometers, and spectroscopes * Gas and liquid chromatographs * Gas tracers and analyzers - solar collectors and heliometers * Ion control gauges * Linear and pulse-height analyzers * Mass spectrometers, infrared spectrometers, and ultraviolet spectrometers * Oscilloscopes * Power supplies * Radiation detectors, monitors, scalers, and counters * Radiation shields and reactor associated components * Recorders * Signal generators * Temperature and pressure recorders Prior to 2012, this program was known as the Energy Related Laboratory Equipment (ERLE) Grant Program.

2011-02-23

2

Attitudes of Christians and Muslims to an Oocyte Donation Program in Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are still controversial attitudes regarding oocyte donation (OD) programs. The aim of this descriptive study was to evaluate the opinions of Christians and Muslims regarding an OD program in Iran. 200 adults were randomly assigned to fill out the questionnaires. Part I contained demographic information, and Part II contained 20 questions to reveal their knowledge and attitudes about OD.

Mete Isikoglu; Mohammad A. Khalili

3

Stanford Community Leave Bank A voluntary leave time donation program  

E-print Network

Stanford Community Leave Bank A voluntary leave time donation program July 1, 2012 h t t p : / / h of accrued vacation to the Stanford Community Leave Bank (SCLB) central leave bank. In accordance with tax vacation leave hours from their unused balance to a central leave bank fund. This central leave bank fund

Straight, Aaron

4

An overview of the roles and responsibilities of Chinese medical colleges in body donation programs.  

PubMed

The use of human tissue is critical for gross anatomy education in the health professions. Chinese medical colleges have faced a shortage of anatomical specimens over the past decade. While body donation plays an important role in overcoming this gap, this practice has only recently been introduced in China, and the donation rate is relatively low and fraught with a number of difficulties. In the past, traditional Chinese culture focused on preserving the human body intact, which often limited body donation. In recent years, the public has become more open toward body donation. At Nanjing Medical University, only 20 bodies were donated in 2001. After the university became involved in an organized body donation program, this number increased to 70 donated bodies per year (2007 to 2012). This article describes and reviews Chinese medical colleges as a special case study among body donation programs, particularly in terms of the multiple responsibilities and roles that such institutions must assume in the course of adopting these programs. Medical colleges in China must serve as advocates, coordinators, builders, managers, educators, and beneficiaries in undertaking body donation programs. It is important for medical colleges to recognize these pluripotent roles and educate the public in order to promote body donation programs. This case study may also effectively guide and encourage Chinese medical colleges in refining their own body donation programs in the future. PMID:24227762

Zhang, Luqing; Xiao, Ming; Gu, Mufeng; Zhang, Yongjie; Jin, Jianliang; Ding, Jiong

2014-01-01

5

A Tale of Two Cities: Financing Two Voucher Programs for Substance Abusers Through Community Donations  

PubMed Central

Voucher-based reinforcement therapy (VBRT) is an effective drug abuse treatment, but the cost of VBRT rewards has limited its dissemination. Obtaining VBRT incentives through donations may be one way to overcome this barrier. Two direct mail campaigns solicited donations for use in VBRT for pregnant, postpartum, and parenting drug users in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and in Los Angeles, California. In Toronto, 19% of those contacted over 2 months donated $8,000 ($4,000/month) of goods and services. In Los Angeles, nearly 26% of those contacted over 34 months donated $161,000 ($4,472/month) of goods and services. Maintaining voucher programs by soliciting donations is feasible and sustainable. The methods in this article can serve as a guide for successful donation solicitation campaigns. Donations offer an alternative for obtaining VBRT rewards for substance abuse treatment and may increase its dissemination. PMID:15122959

Amass, Leslie; Kamien, Jonathan

2005-01-01

6

A tale of two cities: financing two voucher programs for substance abusers through community donations.  

PubMed

Voucher-based reinforcement therapy (VBRT) is an effective drug abuse treatment, but the cost of VBRT rewards has limited its dissemination. Obtaining VBRT incentives through donations may be one way to overcome this barrier. Two direct mail campaigns solicited donations for use in VBRT for pregnant, postpartum, and parenting drug users in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and in Los Angeles, California. In Toronto, 19% of those contacted over 2 months donated 8,000 dollars (4,000 dollars/month) of goods and services. In Los Angeles, nearly 26% of those contacted over 34 months donated 161,000 dollars (4,472dollars/month) of goods and services. Maintaining voucher programs by soliciting donations is feasible and sustainable. The methods in this article can serve as a guide for successful donation solicitation campaigns. Donations offer an alternative for obtaining VBRT rewards for substance abuse treatment and may increase its dissemination. PMID:15122959

Amass, Leslie; Kamien, Jonathan

2004-05-01

7

NASA Academy Program Descriptions  

E-print Network

NASA Academy Program Descriptions October 2010 #12;NASA Academy Program Descriptions 2011 October 11, 2010 1/5 NASA Academy at ARC, GRC, GSFC, and MSFC Websites: Ames: http://academy.arc.nasa.gov Glenn: http://academy.grc.nasa.gov Goddard: http://academy.gsfc.nasa.gov Marshall: http://academy.msfc.nasa

Wang, Z. Jane

8

Quality Management of Body Donation Program at the University of Padova  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality management improvement has become a recent focus of attention in medical education. The program for the donation of bodies and body parts (Body Donation Program) at the University of Padova has recently been subjected to a global quality management standard, the ISO 9001:2008 certification. The aim of the present work is to show how the…

Porzionato, Andrea; Macchi, Veronica; Stecco, Carla; Mazzi, Anna; Rambaldo, Anna; Sarasin, Gloria; Parenti, Anna; Scipioni, Antonio; De Caro, Raffaele

2012-01-01

9

Supercomputing Challenge Program Description  

E-print Network

Supercomputing Challenge Program Description The Challenge is an academic, year-long program and scholarships, conducting independent research on scientific problems of interest to them. The Supercomputing the program, help and support are given to the teams by their project advisors and the Supercomputing

10

Symptoms of anxiety and depression in lesbian couples treated with donated sperm: a descriptive study  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate symptoms of anxiety and depression in lesbian couples undergoing assisted reproductive treatment (ART), and to study the relationship of demographic data, pregnancy outcome and future reproductive plans with symptoms of anxiety and depression. Design Descriptive, a part of the prospective longitudinal ‘Swedish study on gamete donation’. Setting All university clinics in Sweden performing gamete donation. Population A consecutive sample of 214 lesbian couples requesting assisted reproduction, 165 of whom participated. Methods Participants individually completed three study-specific questionnaires and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS): time point 1 (T1), at commencement of ART; time point 2 (T2), approximately 2 months after treatment; and time point 3 (T3), 2–5 years after first treatment. Main outcome measures Anxiety and depression (HADS), pregnancy outcome and future reproductive plans. Results The vast majority of lesbian women undergoing assisted reproduction reported no symptoms of anxiety and depression at the three assessment points. A higher percentage of the treated women, compared with the partners, reported symptoms of anxiety at T2 (14% versus 5%, P = 0.011) and T3 (10% versus 4%, P = 0.018), as well as symptoms of depression at T2 (4% versus 0%, P = 0.03) and T3 (3% versus 0%, P = 0.035). The overall pregnancy outcome was high; almost three-quarters of lesbian couples gave birth 2–5 years after sperm donation treatments. Open-ended comments illustrated joy and satisfaction about family building. Conclusion Lesbian women in Sweden reported good psychological health before and after treatment with donated sperm. PMID:23489411

Borneskog, C; Sydsjö, G; Lampic, C; Bladh, M; Svanberg, AS

2013-01-01

11

Perceptions, Knowledge, Incentives, and Barriers of Brain Donation among African American Elders Enrolled in an Alzheimer's Research Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To learn about African American older adults' knowledge and perceptions of brain donation, factors that relate to participating or not participating in a brain donation research program, and methods to increase African American brain donation commitment rates in the context of an Alzheimer's disease (AD) research program. Design and…

Lambe, Susan; Cantwell, Nicole; Islam, Fareesa; Horvath, Kathy; Jefferson, Angela L.

2011-01-01

12

Financing a Voucher Program for Cocaine Abusers through Community Donations in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzed the viability of financing a voucher program for cocaine addicts in Spain through public and private donations. Of the 136 companies contacted, 52 (38%) provided donations. The difference between the benefits (15,670[euros]/$20,371) and the costs (3,734[euros]/$4,854) was 11,936[euros]/$15,517. The type of reinforcer a company…

Garcia-Rodriguez; Olaya; Secades-Villa, Roberto; Higgins, Stephen T.; Fernandez-Hermida, Jose R.; Carballo, Jose L.

2008-01-01

13

Description Logic Programs: Combining Logic Programs with Description Logic  

E-print Network

Description Logic Programs: Combining Logic Programs with Description Logic Benjamin N. Grosof MIT and inferentially, be- tween the leading Semantic Web approaches to rules (RuleML Logic Programs) and ontologies (OWL/DAML+OIL Description Logic) via analyzing their expressive intersection. To do so, we de- fine

Polz, Martin

14

Atmospheric Chemistry (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... of Atmospheric Sciences Atmospheric Chemistry Description Supports research to measure and ... on the chemical reactions among atmospheric species; the sources and sinks of important trace gases ...

15

Program Description The Visiting Research Internship Program  

E-print Network

.S. Program Length The eight-week, Visiting Research Internship Program begins June 1, 2015 and runs through July 24, 2015. Financial Assistance The Visiting Research Internship Program is a paid internshipProgram Description The Visiting Research Internship Program (VRIP) is an eight-week mentored

Jenny, Andreas

16

Ocean Drilling Program (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... FOR GEOSCIENCES (GEO) OCEAN SCIENCES (OCE) Ocean Drilling Program The Ocean Drilling Program (ODP ... scale, the Earth's crust beneath the ocean in order to learn more about the composition, structure ...

17

Aerospace Technology Program Description  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This pdf from the Florida Department of Education describes the aerospace technology program. The document describes the major concepts and content, the laboratory activities, instructor qualifications, intended outcomes, and student performance standards of this program.

2011-08-03

18

Magnetospheric Physics (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... by the solar wind; the origin of geomagnetic storms and substorms; the population by solar and ... Support of the National Space Weather Program Solar, Heliospheric, and INterplanetary Environment ...

19

Foundations (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... including proof theory, recursion theory, model theory, set theory, and infinitary combinatorics ... limitations. Award Information Estimated program budget, number of awards and average award size ...

20

Infrastructure (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... education in the mathematical sciences or increasing the number of individuals in disciplines that ... Related Information Programs: ADVANCE: Increasing the Participation and Advancement of Women in Aca ...

21

RIMS Program Description.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer routines for the translation of teacher-prepared mark sense forms to magnetic tape are described. The program, Receiving IMS (RIMS), is part of the Southwest Regional Laboratory's (SWRL) Instructional Management System (IMS). It accepts mark sense sheets from remotely located Xerox 660 scanner copiers and/or IMS update information from…

Kraepelien, Hans

22

College of Engineering Program Description  

E-print Network

Information Topcon Corp., has provided the latest survey equipment, and the New England state land surveyCollege of Engineering Program Description e Surveying Engineering Technology Program trains individuals to enter a rewarding career in professional surveying. Professional surveying combines history

Thomas, Andrew

23

Radioluminescent lighting program description  

SciTech Connect

For more than 30 years the Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor agencies have conducted research and development aimed at beneficial uses of products derived from its nuclear activities. An important and promising element of radiation technology is the Program for Radioluminescent (RL) development. For years simple RL devices, such as aircraft exit signs, have served necessary functions in society. Electrons exciting phosphors and producing light is a fundamental concept to which the layman can immediately relate, while gaining a balanced perspective concerning risk and safety. DOE`s RL lighting development program has advanced the technology with infrared RL markers for helipads which are not detectable without the aid of special viewers. These devices were used to aid in the evacuation of wounded from Grenada. Visible RL airfield lighting has been used to promote aviation safety in remote Eskimo communities in Alaska, and non-electric taxiway signs and markers in the corrosive saline soils of Florida airports. The current plan is to consolidate past accomplishments and develop RL devices and systems using advanced technology for new applications. The potential for improved performance that solid-matrix RL techniques offer has stimulated interest in a variety of innovative applications for which electric lighting has long been the only practical alternative. The program described in this document is intended to provide for an optimum development and application of RL technology while supporting the transfer of this technology to the private sector and providing an institutional perspective from which the longer range applications and ramifications of this technology can be anticipated.

NONE

1987-11-01

24

40 CFR 123.22 - Program description.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program description. 123.22 Section 123.22 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...STATE PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS State Program Submissions § 123.22 Program description. Any State that...

2011-07-01

25

40 CFR 123.22 - Program description.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Program description. 123.22 Section 123.22 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...STATE PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS State Program Submissions § 123.22 Program description. Any State that...

2010-07-01

26

Problem of living liver donation in the absence of deceased liver transplantation program: Mansoura experience  

PubMed Central

We report our experience with potential donors for living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), which is the first report from an area where there is no legalized deceased donation program. This is a single center retrospective analysis of potential living donors (n = 1004) between May 2004 and December 2012. This report focuses on the analysis of causes, duration, cost, and various implications of donor exclusion (n = 792). Most of the transplant candidates (82.3%) had an experience with more than one excluded donor (median = 3). Some recipients travelled abroad for a deceased donor transplant (n = 12) and some died before finding a suitable donor (n = 14). The evaluation of an excluded donor is a time-consuming process (median = 3 d, range 1 d to 47 d). It is also a costly process with a median cost of approximately 70 USD (range 35 USD to 885 USD). From these results, living donor exclusion has negative implications on the patients and transplant program with ethical dilemmas and an economic impact. Many strategies are adopted by other centers to expand the donor pool; however, they are not all applicable in our locality. We conclude that an active legalized deceased donor transplantation program is necessary to overcome the shortage of available liver grafts in Egypt. PMID:25309092

Wahab, Mohamed Abdel; Hamed, Hosam; Salah, Tarek; Elsarraf, Waleed; Elshobary, Mohamed; Sultan, Ahmed Mohamed; Shehta, Ahmed; Fathy, Omar; Ezzat, Helmy; Yassen, Amr; Elmorshedi, Mohamed; Elsaadany, Mohamed; Shiha, Usama

2014-01-01

27

An Overview of the Roles and Responsibilities of Chinese Medical Colleges in Body Donation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of human tissue is critical for gross anatomy education in the health professions. Chinese medical colleges have faced a shortage of anatomical specimens over the past decade. While body donation plays an important role in overcoming this gap, this practice has only recently been introduced in China, and the donation rate is relatively low…

Zhang, Luqing; Xiao, Ming; Gu, Mufeng; Zhang, Yongjie; Jin, Jianliang; Ding, Jiong

2014-01-01

28

A Tale of Two Cities: Financing Two Voucher Programs for Substance Abusers Through Community Donations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Voucher-based reinforcement therapy (VBRT) is an effective drug abuse treatment, but the cost of VBRT rewards has limited its dissemination. Obtaining VBRT incentives through donations may be one way to overcome this barrier. Two direct mail campaigns solicited donations for use in VBRT for pregnant, postpartum, and parenting drug users in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and in Los Angeles, California. In

Leslie Amass; Jonathan Kamien

2004-01-01

29

Law and Social Science (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Sciences Law and Social Science (Program Description) Description The Law and Social Science ... of the impact of law; human behavior and interactions as these relate to law; the dynamics of legal ...

30

MONTANA BODY DONATION Each year many Montana residents make  

E-print Network

MONTANA BODY DONATION PROGRAM Each year many Montana residents make extraordinary gifts by donating their bodies to medical education. The Montana Body Donation Program at Montana State University recognizes professionals. The Montana Body Donation Program is committed to ensuring that donations are treated with great

Maxwell, Bruce D.

31

76 FR 40336 - Fisheries of the Exclusive Economic Zone Off Alaska; Prohibited Species Donation Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...SeaShare employs independent seafood quality control experts to ensure product quality is maintained by cold storage facilities and common carriers servicing the areas where salmon and halibut donations will take place. 2. The number of...

2011-07-08

32

Charles H. Best, the Canadian Red Cross Society, and Canada's first national blood donation program.  

PubMed

This article examines how Canada's first national blood donation program originated during World War II. It focuses on the genesis of Charles H. Best's serum project at the University of Toronto, and the federal government's decision in 1940 to sponsor it as the nation's most viable blood banking option. While Best's personal initiatives were crucial, his project's success was also a result of the larger scientific, political, and institutional circumstances of Canadian medicine. The article also analyzes why the federal government gave responsibility for blood collection to the Canadian Red Cross Society. It shows how the organization's traditional association with military medicine, its more recent involvement with community health services (including blood transfusion), and its flexible national structure suited it for this task. Moreover, Ottawa's willingness to assign this role to a volunteer agency was an indication of the structural deficiencies in Canada's primitive health-care system. The decisions of 1940 flowed from the immediate wartime pressures and individual initiatives. They reflected as well the deeper scientific, institutional, and cultural realities of the time. PMID:11609096

Kapp, R W

1995-01-01

33

Educational Leadership Description of the Program  

E-print Network

Educational Leadership Description of the Program The Administrative Services Credential programs of leadership in P-12 education institutions. All students are admitted starting in the fall of each academic to the Educational Leadership program area of concentration for the M.A. degree in Education. This course of study

Ravikumar, B.

34

Descriptions of Paraprofessional Programs in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of project descriptions of paraprofessional programs in education, originally compiled for use at the 1969 national conference, is designed to provide up-to-date information on various aspects of operating paraprofessional programs. The agencies conducting these seven programs, each of which is reported here by its project…

New York Univ., NY. New Careers Development Center.

35

The Role of an Interdisciplinary Transplant Team on Living Donation Kidney Transplantation Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last decades, the disparity between the organ supply and the demand for kidney transplantation in Europe has led to consider living donors as a more acceptable option. In the last 7 years, we have established an interdisciplinary supporting transplant team to increase the rate of living donation. After 2001, the new interdisciplinary transplant team consisted of a transplant

H. Fonouni; M. Golriz; A. Mehrabi; H. Oweira; B. M. Schmied; S. A. Müller; P. Jarahian; M. Tahmasbi Rad; M. Esmaeilzadeh; B. Tönshoff; J. Weitz; M. W. Büchler; M. Zeier; J. Schmidt

2010-01-01

36

Living Donation  

MedlinePLUS

... donors and transplant candidates Paired donation or paired exchange involves two pairs of living kidney donors and ... trans- plants are made possible. This type of exchange often involves multiple living kidney donor/transplant candidate ...

37

Knowledge and attitudes toward organ donation: a community-based study comparing rural and urban populations.  

PubMed

The study was set to determine whether knowledge and attitudes toward organ donation differ according to geographical location. Self-administered questionnaires were employed to collect data such as demographic characteristics, basic knowledge, attitudes and source of information about organ donation from subjects in rural and urban areas. The questionnaires were distributed randomly to 1,000 individuals in both areas during 2008. The data were analyzed in a descriptive fashion. Despite similarities in knowledge and attitudes of respondents in both areas, rural respondents were less likely to have information about organ donation, to report willingness to donate organs, and to have knowledge about "brain death" or the "organ donation card" than their counterparts in urban areas. The study identified that the principle respondents' source of information about organ donation was the television. More than 90% of respondents in rural and urban areas reported that the contribution of health care providers in providing them with knowledge about organ donation and transplantation was "none" or "little". Respondents identified several reasons, which may influence their decisions to donate organs. In conclusion, the deficit in knowledge and attitudes of rural respondents about organ donation may be justified by the lack of information about this significant issue. Accordingly, health facilities, local mass media and educational institutions should provide intensive educational programs to encourage the public donate organs. PMID:20061688

Alghanim, Saad Abdullah

2010-01-01

38

Description and evaluation of a canine volunteer blood donor program.  

PubMed

Human volunteer blood donor programs are commonplace, but the concept of nonhuman animal blood banking is relatively new. Few studies exist regarding efficacy, donor screening, and safety for volunteer companion animals. This retrospective study evaluated a nonprofit, community-based canine volunteer donor program using community blood drives. Of 98 potential donors, 14 were ineligible to donate, including 4 who tested seropositive for blood-borne pathogens. Of 84 donors, 45 were Dog Erythrocyte Antigen (DEA) 1.1 positive and 39 were DEA1.1 negative. Donations totaling 143 included 29 repeat donors (35%). No serious adverse events occurred. Minor adverse events included acute donor reaction (2.8%), hematoma (4.2%), rebleeding (2.1%), and skin irritation (0.7%). Adverse event rates were comparable to data for human blood donations. A substantial fraction of donors donated multiple times, suggesting that volunteer donors and their guardians perceived the donation process to be safe and effective. This article discusses the issue of donor consent and use of the term volunteer. This study indicates that nonprofit, community-based canine volunteer donor programs for animal blood banks can be successful while maintaining high safety standards and ethical treatment of volunteers. PMID:16956317

DeLuca, Lawrence A; Glass, Sharon G; Johnson, Richard E; Burger, Melissa

2006-01-01

39

Updated 06/13 Program description  

E-print Network

Education and is accredited by the American Dental Association's Commission on Dental AccreditationUpdated 06/13 Program description The Rutgers, School of Health-Related Professions (SHRP) Dental College. The Program consists of education in the liberal arts, basic and dental sciences, and clinical

Garfunkel, Eric

40

ANNOUNCING NEW WOOD STREET COMMONS FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM Program Description  

E-print Network

ANNOUNCING NEW WOOD STREET COMMONS FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM Program Description The Wood Street Fellowship Program immerses six students over the spring semester, in the community at Wood Street Commons will use their knowledge in Computer Sciences and experiences with Wood Street residents to develop

Childers, Bruce

41

Alberta Alzheimer Research Program III Description  

E-print Network

Alberta Alzheimer Research Program III Description The Alzheimer Society of Alberta and Northwest Territories (ASANT) and the Alberta Prion Research Institute (Prion Institute) present the Alberta Alzheimer for research directly related to Alzheimer's disease in areas related to understanding the fundamental

Michelson, David G.

42

Sigma 2 Graphic Display Software Program Description  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general purpose, user oriented graphic support package was implemented. A comprehensive description of the two software components comprising this package is given: Display Librarian and Display Controller. These programs have been implemented in FORTRAN on the XDS Sigma 2 Computer Facility. This facility consists of an XDS Sigma 2 general purpose computer coupled to a Computek Display Terminal.

Johnson, B. T.

1973-01-01

43

Attitude of Personnel in Hospital Cadaveric Organ Transplant-Related Units Faced with Living Kidney Donation in a Hospital with a Living Kidney Donor Transplantation Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: The attitude of health care personnel is fundamental for the procurement of organs, especially when they are based in transplant-related services. The objective of this study is to assess the attitude of hospital personnel in transplant-related services toward living kidney donation in a hospital with a cadaveric and living solid organ transplant program. Materials and Methods: A random sample

A. Ríos; P. Ramírez; L. Martínez; J. A. García; M. J. Montoya; D. Lucas; P. Parrilla

2008-01-01

44

15 CFR 16.2 - Description and goal of program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Description and goal of program. 16.2 Section 16.2...LABELING PROGRAM § 16.2 Description and goal of program. (a) The Department's...consumers through various informational and educational programs to utilize the product...

2013-01-01

45

15 CFR 16.2 - Description and goal of program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Description and goal of program. 16.2 Section 16.2...LABELING PROGRAM § 16.2 Description and goal of program. (a) The Department's...consumers through various informational and educational programs to utilize the product...

2014-01-01

46

15 CFR 16.2 - Description and goal of program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Description and goal of program. 16.2 Section 16.2...LABELING PROGRAM § 16.2 Description and goal of program. (a) The Department's...consumers through various informational and educational programs to utilize the product...

2011-01-01

47

15 CFR 16.2 - Description and goal of program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Description and goal of program. 16.2 Section 16.2...LABELING PROGRAM § 16.2 Description and goal of program. (a) The Department's...consumers through various informational and educational programs to utilize the product...

2012-01-01

48

15 CFR 16.2 - Description and goal of program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Description and goal of program. 16.2 Section 16.2...LABELING PROGRAM § 16.2 Description and goal of program. (a) The Department's...consumers through various informational and educational programs to utilize the product...

2010-01-01

49

Cross-Directorate Activities (SBE/SES Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Sciences Cross-Directorate Activities (CDA) Description This program encompasses a collection ... The Office of Cross-Directorate Activities (CDA) houses and provides information about various ...

50

Pregnancy and birth rates after oocyte donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine accumulated conception and live birth rates in ovum donation.Design: Retrospective study from a computer database. Pregnancies with one gestational sac observed by ultrasound have been included as conceptional cycles and pregnancies that resulted in one live child were recorded for the analysis of the live birth rates. Life table analysis was applied.Setting: Oocyte donation program at the

José Remohí; Bernard Gartner; Ernesto Gallardo; Sonia Yalil; Carlos Simón; Antonio Pellicer

1997-01-01

51

NCI/CPFP - 2010 Application Catalog - Program Description  

Cancer.gov

Skip navigation. Table of Contents Director's Message Staff Profiles Program Description Program Information Guidelines for Application Preceptorships Bibliography Post-Fellowship Employment Life Outside the NCI Previous Page | Next Page Application

52

Types of Blood Donations  

MedlinePLUS

... Staff Our Member Blood Centers Our Partners Donate blood and save someone's future. PUBLICATIONS PRESS ROOM BLOG ... a few different types of blood donation. Whole Blood This is what most individuals think of when ...

53

Donation Process Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... is not possible to get AIDS or other infectious disease by giving blood. A brand new, sterile, disposable ... or concerns after their donation. Tests donations for infectious diseases, including HIV, hepatitis B and C viruses, syphilis ...

54

Geography and Regional Science (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... This program adheres to the budget definition and preparation instructions described in the Grant ... Division Home Page Grants and Awards Online Documents SBE Directorate Home Page Sitemap Program ...

55

Body donation in India: social awareness, willingness, and associated factors.  

PubMed

With the attendant rise of the number of medical colleges in India over past few decades, the demand for cadavers used in medical education and research is growing. However, there is an insufficient supply of donated cadavers available for dissection. This study was undertaken to assess the general population's awareness of body donation programs and willingness to donate in the State of Maharashtra, India. The willingness of participants to donate was compared with age, gender, and education of the respondents. A total of 625 adult individuals from the State of Maharashtra participated in a survey composed of questions about age, sex, education, awareness of body donation programs, and willingness to donate. It was found that 90.9% of the medical colleges surveyed reported an inadequate supply of cadavers. Of the general population, 32.1% of respondents were aware of body donation, compared to 95.83% of health care professionals. However, only 19.5% of the general population and 44.9% of health care professionals were willing to donate their bodies for anatomical education. Younger age groups, males, graduates, and postgraduates were found more willing to donate their bodies. Organ donation was preferred over body donation. A lack of awareness about body donation was the main factor responsible for respondents' "no body donation" response in the general population, along with firm religious beliefs and customs, the fear that the donated body will not be treated with respect and dignity, and the unacceptability of the dissection of one's own body. To overcome the current shortage of donated cadavers, efforts should be undertaken to change the mindset of the wider Indian society toward body donation. The authors believe this is possible through awareness campaigns and that prospective donors' concerns should be addressed appropriately. Proper guidance and assistance regarding body donation should be easily available for potential donors. PMID:22278885

Rokade, Shrikant A; Gaikawad, Anjana P

2012-01-01

56

7 CFR 240.4 - Cash in lieu of donated foods for nonresidential child and adult care institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...lieu of donated foods for nonresidential child and adult care institutions. 240.4...NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS CASH IN LIEU OF DONATED...lieu of donated foods for nonresidential child and adult care institutions....

2010-01-01

57

CODE DESCRIPTION.............OBJECT DESCRIPTION 8110 Advertising General company advertising, and program or event advertising  

E-print Network

CODE DESCRIPTION.............OBJECT DESCRIPTION 8110 Advertising General company advertising, and program or event advertising Note: Advertising for job opportunities is object code 8204 (Recruitment with a value of $500 or more are officially transferred to the State (CSUF) by UAF. 8132 Insurance Insurance

de Lijser, Peter

58

ADJUSTING FURLOUGH LEAVE ACCRUAL BALANCES DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAMS  

E-print Network

ADJUSTING FURLOUGH LEAVE ACCRUAL BALANCES DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAMS The following program affects the furlough leave accrual balances for faculty: The Clinical Coverage Program (CCP) is being used they are paid. This document will provide guidance only for manually adjusting furlough balances as a result

Yamamoto, Keith

59

The View of Religious Officials on Organ Donation and Transplantation in the Zeytinburnu District of Istanbul.  

PubMed

One of the obstacles to organ donation and transplantation in Turkey is that of religious beliefs and, at this point, religious officials constitute a key aspect of this problem. Positive or negative viewpoints held by religious officials regarding organ donation and transplantation are influential in guiding the public. This descriptive study was conducted for the purpose of describing religious officials' viewpoints on this subject. To determine the opinions of 40 religious officials from among the imams and muezzins working in Zeytinburnu District Mufti (Religious Officials Superior) Station who participated in a normal meeting in April and who fully completed the survey. A 27-question survey form was used that consisted of open-ended and closed questions, 5 of which were on socio-demographic characteristics, 13 on viewpoints on organ donation and transplantation, and 9 on the Islamic viewpoint regarding organ donation and transplantation. For the analysis of the results, Student's t test and one-way ANOVA tests were used. It was found that all of the religious officials believed in the importance of organ donation, 80 % considered donating their organs, and 5 % had made an organ donation. Of the religious officials who had not donated organs, 35 % gave an answer that there was no specific reason and 27.5 % stated that they had never considered the subject. While the number of those stating that they would donate the organs of a close associate who had died, 77.5 % of them who did not want to donate gave as their reason the idea that if it were him, he would perhaps not want to give his organs after death. Of the religious officials questioned, 92.5 % asserted that the religion of Islam looked positively on organ donation and transplantation, 55 % stated that the knowledge of religious officials in the country was inadequate regarding this subject, and 65 % said that for interest in organ donation to increase, religious officials should make speeches and raise the issue with the public in conversations, meetings, and sermons. Fully 85 % asserted that for interest in organ donation in Turkey to increase, religious officials have to lead on the subject. Of those questioned, 52.5 % considered their knowledge on organ donation and transplantation to be adequate and that they had obtained 52.5 % of such information from seminars/conferences, 50 % from television/radio, and 45 % from Directorate of Religious Affairs publications. However, 40 % expressed that they did not know where organ donations were made. One reason for inadequate organ donation in Turkey is that of incorrect religious beliefs. Thus, it is necessary that informative efforts are made by the Directorate of Religious Affairs through in-house training programs, and that healthcare, religious, and legal officials work jointly to inform the public about organ donation, organ transplantation, and brain death. Additionally, religious officials should donate organs by the way of example and, to increase their sensitivity, healthcare professionals should go more frequently to mosques and Mufti Stations. PMID:24658689

Tarhan, Merve; Dalar, Levent; Yildirimoglu, Huseyin; Sayar, Adnan; Altin, Sedat

2014-03-22

60

40 CFR 145.23 - Program description.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...criteria set forth in § 146.9 of this chapter) for issuing permits, including the number of permits in each class of injection well which will be issued each year during the first five years of program operation. For Class VI programs,...

2013-07-01

61

40 CFR 145.23 - Program description.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...criteria set forth in § 146.9 of this chapter) for issuing permits, including the number of permits in each class of injection well which will be issued each year during the first five years of program operation. For Class VI programs,...

2012-07-01

62

Solid Waste Program technical baseline description  

SciTech Connect

The system engineering approach has been taken to describe the technical baseline under which the Solid Waste Program is currently operating. The document contains a mission analysis, function analysis, system definition, documentation requirements, facility and project bases, and uncertainties facing the program.

Carlson, A.B.

1994-07-01

63

The "PROBE" Retrieval Program; A Description.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PROBE is a search and retrieval program designed for use with large tape files of bibliographic data such as the ERIC system's "Research in Education" and "Current Index to Journals in Education" data bases. The program, implemented on a CDC 6600 computer and being developed for the IBM 360, is characterized by a broad range of capabilities and…

Tschudi, Ronald R.; Meredith, Joseph C.

64

8 CFR 245a.30 - Description of program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SECTION 245A OF THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT LIFE Act Amendments Family Unity Provisions § 245a.30 Description of program...the Family Unity provisions of section 1504 of the LIFE Act Amendments, Public Law...

2010-01-01

65

44 CFR 360.2 - Description of program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...IN COMPREHENSIVE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT § 360.2 Description...include: (i) Emergency Management Workshops, (ii) Multijurisdictional...part of the State. Training events proposed by the State must...justified as addressing Emergency Management Training Program...

2010-10-01

66

RLS and blood donation  

E-print Network

il brid Available online xxxx Keywords: Blood donation Iron deficiency he l co tion who had donated more than 70 times, completed the validated Cambridge-Hopkins RLS questionnaire less le oth sy risk of RLS and increased severity of RLS symptoms... . The stan- dard blood donation of one pint of blood will at least temporar- ily reduce iron stores, potentially increasing the risk of RLS. Repeated blood donations have been reported to produce signif- icant iron deficiency in 10–15% of donors [12...

Burchell, Brendan J.; Allen, Richard P.; Miller, Jessica K.; Hening, Wayne A.; Earley, Christopher J.

2009-01-01

67

24 CFR 92.61 - Program description.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...92.61 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS...overseeing a minority and women business outreach program...

2010-04-01

68

Rice Dance Program: Dance Artist in Residence Description  

E-print Network

Rice Dance Program: Dance Artist in Residence Description: In recent years, dance choreographers and resources for the development of dance, the Rice University Dance Program has created a semester long space will be expected to teach 2-3 technique classes for the Rice Dance Theater student dance club (RDT), participate

Alvarez, Pedro J.

69

7 CFR 250.58 - Ordering donated foods and their provision to school food authorities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...JURISDICTION National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and Other Child Nutrition Programs § 250.58 Ordering donated foods and...distributing agency places orders directly into a centralized computer system. Before submitting orders for donated foods...

2010-01-01

70

Environmental monitoring and assessment program project descriptions (FY93 edition)  

SciTech Connect

The EMAP Project Descriptions is an annual document that details research activities throughout the program over the past fiscal year. Including an overview of EMAP's research structure, the document focuses on the program's eight resource groups, cross-program coordination groups, and several outreach components to describe all budgeted field and support activities. Each description includes a list of available and upcoming products, a contact for materials or more information, and brief text on the contributions of partner agencies and institutions to each research activity. The document is intended for readers who have a preliminary understanding of EMAP and would like more information on specific research components.

Potter, B.G.; Jackson, L.E.

1993-09-01

71

What do donations buy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Charities publicize the donations they receive, generally according to dollar categories rather than the exact amount. Donors in turn tend to give the minimum amount necessary to get into a category. These facts suggest that donors have a taste for having their donations made public. This paper models the effects of such a taste for “prestige” on the behavior of

William T. Harbaugh

1998-01-01

72

Donating Blood Questions and Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... Back to top Questions about Individuals Diagnosed with Hemochromatosis and Blood Donations Is it true that individuals diagnosed with hemochromatosis can now donate? FDA has always allowed individuals ...

73

Information Services Library Donations Policy  

E-print Network

. The Library reserves the right to accept or refuse prospective donations; acceptance is at the discretion, according to classification. 4. Donations accepted become the exclusive and absolute property

Paxton, Anthony T.

74

NCI/CPFP - 2010 Application Catalog - Program Description - Other Program Components  

Cancer.gov

Skip navigation. Table of Contents Director's Message Staff Profiles Program Description Program Information Guidelines for Application Preceptorships Bibliography Post-Fellowship Employment Life Outside the NCI Previous Page | Next Page Application

75

A general text translation program for coded descriptions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have written a general computer program, Decode, for translating coded records of materials into conventional text. The program is designed especially for handling routine descriptions of soil and rock from pits and boreholes. The program accepts coded data in fixed format as card images, usually of 80-byte length, and assembles them into tables of text arranged according to users' specifications. The codes and their text equivalents are presented to the program in tables together with information defining the manner in which each attribute is to be regarded by the program and finally printed. Controlling parameters specify the precise form of the input and the general form of the output. The data can be selected for their relevance to a particular enquiry by specifying screening parameters. The program is written in standard FORTRAN IV and is fully portable. An appendix lists the complete program and provides a detailed guide to its use.

Lessells, Christine M.; Webster, R.

76

Wellness Peer Program Volunteer Job Description Wellness Peer Programs  

E-print Network

& Wellness Centre, UTSC Mental Wellness ­ mental health awareness program focusing on mental health, coping on healthy relationships, sexually transmitted infections and birth control Health & Wellness Centre Ambassadors ­ outreach program for services at the Health & Wellness Centre, promotion on health issues

Kronzucker, Herbert J.

77

Volunteer and Donate Responsibly  

MedlinePLUS

... Assistance: Local, State, Tribal and Non-Profit Hurricane Sandy Recovery Louisiana Recovery Mississippi Recovery Environmental and Historic ... donate or volunteer to assist those affected by Sandy, these organizations are the best place to start. ...

78

Tryptophan promotes charitable donating  

PubMed Central

The link between serotonin (5-HT) and one of the most important elements of prosocial behavior, charity, has remained largely uninvestigated. In the present study, we tested whether charitable donating can be promoted by administering the food supplement L-Tryptophan (TRP), the biochemical precursor of 5-HT. Participants were compared with respect to the amount of money they donated when given the opportunity to make a charitable donation. As expected, compared to a neutral placebo, TRP appears to increase the participants’ willingness to donate money to a charity. This result supports the idea that the food we eat may act as a cognitive enhancer modulating the way we think and perceive the world and others.

Steenbergen, Laura; Sellaro, Roberta; Colzato, Lorenza S.

2014-01-01

79

Theoretical Description of a New Method of Optimal Program Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drilling hydraulics have considerable effect on the rate of penetration. Previous studies have examined this problem; however, the effects of differential pressure and reliability of pumping equipment usually were neglected. This study gives a general description of hydraulic drilling prameters optimized when both these effects were considered. To derive the necessary conditions for optimal hydraulics a nonlinear programming method was

Stefan Miska; Pal Skalle

1981-01-01

80

DOE-RL Integrated Safety Management System Program Description  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) Program Description (PD) is to describe the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office (RL) ISMS as implemented through the RL Integrated Management System (RIMS). This PD does not impose additional requirements but rather provides an overview describing how various parts of the ISMS fit together. Specific requirements for each

2000-01-01

81

A simulation model for wind energy storage systems. Volume 3: Program descriptions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Program descriptions, flow charts, and program listings for the SIMWEST model generation program, the simulation program, the file maintenance program, and the printer plotter program are given. For Vol 2, see .

Warren, A. W.; Edsinger, R. W.; Burroughs, J. D.

1977-01-01

82

The potential impact of using donations after cardiac death on the liver transplantation program and waiting list in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil.  

PubMed

Liver transplantation was first performed at the University of Sao Paulo School of Medicine in 1968. Since then, the patient waiting list for liver transplantation has increased at a rate of 150 new cases per month. Liver transplantation itself rose 1.84-fold (from 160 to 295) from 1988 to 2004. However, the number of patients on the liver waiting list jumped 2.71-fold (from 553 to 1500). Consequently, the number of deaths on the liver waiting list moved to a higher level, from 321 to 671, increasing 2.09-fold. We have applied a mathematical model to analyze the potential impact of using a donation after cardiac death (DCD) policy on our liver transplantation program and on the waiting list. Five thousand one hundred people died because of accidents and other violent causes in our state in 2004; of these, only 295 were donors of liver grafts that were transplanted. The model assumed that 5% of these grafts would have been DCD. We found a relative reduction of 27% in the size of the liver transplantation waiting list if DCD had been used by assuming that 248 additional liver transplants would have been performed annually. In conclusion, the use of DCD in our transplantation program would reduce the pressure on our liver transplantation waiting list, reducing it by at least 27%. On the basis of this model, the projected number of averted deaths is about 41,487 in the next 20 years. PMID:19025927

Chaib, Eleazar; Massad, Eduardo

2008-12-01

83

13 CFR 108.10 - Description of the New Markets Venture Capital Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Description of the New Markets Venture Capital Program. 108.10 Section...SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM Introduction...10 Description of the New Markets Venture Capital Program. The New Markets...

2013-01-01

84

13 CFR 108.10 - Description of the New Markets Venture Capital Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Description of the New Markets Venture Capital Program. 108.10 Section...SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM Introduction...10 Description of the New Markets Venture Capital Program. The New Markets...

2011-01-01

85

13 CFR 108.10 - Description of the New Markets Venture Capital Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Description of the New Markets Venture Capital Program. 108.10 Section...SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM Introduction...10 Description of the New Markets Venture Capital Program. The New Markets...

2012-01-01

86

13 CFR 108.10 - Description of the New Markets Venture Capital Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Description of the New Markets Venture Capital Program. 108.10... SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM ...§ 108.10 Description of the New Markets Venture Capital Program. The New...

2010-01-01

87

13 CFR 108.10 - Description of the New Markets Venture Capital Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Description of the New Markets Venture Capital Program. 108...Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM...Part 108 § 108.10 Description of the New Markets Venture Capital Program....

2014-01-01

88

7 CFR 226.5 - Donation of commodities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS CHILD AND ADULT CARE FOOD PROGRAM Assistance to States § 226.5 Donation of...

2010-01-01

89

What's It Like to Donate Stem Cells?  

MedlinePLUS

... learn more What’s it like to donate stem cells? People usually volunteer to donate stem cells for ... autologous transplant. If you want to donate stem cells for someone else People who want to donate ...

90

Hematopoietic stem cell donation.  

PubMed

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is now an important treatment for numerous diseases. Donation of hematopoietic stem cells, either through bone marrow (BM) harvesting or peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) collection, is a well-established and generally accepted procedure. The BM is aspirated from the posterior iliac crest under spinal or general anesthesia, and common side effects include fatigue and local pain. PBSC collection requires 4-6 days of G-CSF injections and leukapheresis 1-2 times. Common side effects of these procedures include bone pain, fatigue, and headache. The side effects of BM and PBSC collections are mostly transient and well tolerated. Severe adverse events are uncommon in healthy donors. At present, there is no definitive evidence to show that the stem cell donation increases the risk of marrow failure or cancer development. Nevertheless, all donors must be carefully evaluated and fully informed before donation. Donors must be able to provide informed consent without being coerced or pressured. Donors and graft products must be examined for potential agents to avoid transmitting infections and other diseases that may jeopardize donor's health during stem cell collection or recipient's well being after transplantation. Understanding the potential physical and psychological complications of stem cell donation and factors that may increase risks is very important to ensure that transplantation physicians maintain positive attitude in conducting this benevolent practice. PMID:23420184

Chen, Shu-Huey; Wang, Tso-Fu; Yang, Kuo-Liang

2013-04-01

91

Alumni Fund Donation Form.  

E-print Network

on ___/___/___ until further notice or for __ years (delete as appropriate) Credit card number Start/valid date of Sheffield') · I would like to make a donation by credit card Please debit my card to the sum of $_____ · I ___/___/___ Expiry date ___/___/___ Card security number (the last 3 digits on the back of your card) Card type

Li, Yi

92

Controversies in kidney paired donation.  

PubMed

Kidney paired donation represented 10% of living kidney donation in the United States in 2011. National registries around the world and several separate registries in the United States arrange paired donations, although with significant variations in their practices. Concerns about ethical considerations, clinical advisability, and the quantitative effectiveness of these approaches in paired donation result in these variations. For instance, although donor travel can be burdensome and might discourage paired donation, it was nearly universal until convincing analysis showed that living donor kidneys can sustain many hours of cold ischemia time without adverse consequences. Opinions also differ about whether the last donor in a chain of paired donation transplants initiated by a nondirected donor should donate immediately to someone on the deceased donor wait-list (a domino or closed chain) or should be asked to wait some length of time and donate to start another sequence of paired donations later (an open chain); some argue that asking the donor to donate later may be coercive, and others focus on balancing the probability that the waiting donor withdraws versus the number of additional transplants if the chain can be continued. Other controversies in paired donation include simultaneous versus nonsimultaneous donor operations, whether to enroll compatible pairs, and interactions with desensitization protocols. Efforts to expand public awareness of and participation in paired donation are needed to generate more transplant opportunities. PMID:22732046

Gentry, Sommer E; Montgomery, Robert A; Segev, Dorry L

2012-07-01

93

FY 2013 EL Program Description EL Program: Net-Zero Energy, High-Performance  

E-print Network

FY 2013 EL Program Description EL Program: Net-Zero Energy, High-Performance Buildings the measurement science to move the nation towards net-zero energy, high- performance buildings in a cost of net- zero operation by 1) reducing heating and cooling loads within the building, 2) developing

Magee, Joseph W.

94

A description of an automated database comparison program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An interactive FORTRAN computer comparison program designed to automatically locate regions of incongruity between two databases is described. The software, guided by user input parameters, incrementally compares the databases and generates plots of these regions in the databases which do not compare within a specified tolerance. Additionally, tools are provided within the software which enable the user to statistically reduce the number of data points in the databases compared. To facilitate the description of these tools, the procedures used to compare two aerodynamic databases for an F-18A fighter aircraft are detailed.

Mcminn, John D.; Shaughnessy, John D.; Arbuckle, P. Douglas

1988-01-01

95

5 CFR 630.1111 - Limitation on the amount of donated annual leave received by an emergency leave recipient.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of donated annual leave received by an emergency leave recipient. 630.1111 Section...SERVICE REGULATIONS ABSENCE AND LEAVE Emergency Leave Transfer Program § 630.1111...of donated annual leave received by an emergency leave recipient. An emergency...

2010-01-01

96

5 CFR 630.1117 - Procedures for returning unused donated annual leave to emergency leave donors and leave banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...returning unused donated annual leave to emergency leave donors and leave banks. 630...SERVICE REGULATIONS ABSENCE AND LEAVE Emergency Leave Transfer Program § 630.1117...returning unused donated annual leave to emergency leave donors and leave banks....

2010-01-01

97

Brain donation: who and why?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding what influences people to donate, or not donate, body organs and tissues is very important for the future of\\u000a transplant surgery and medical research (Garrick in J Clin Neurosci 13:524–528, 2006). A previous web-based motivation survey coordinated by the New South Wales Tissue Resource Centre found that most people\\u000a who participated in brain donation were young, female, educated Australians,

Xanthe Meryn Glaw; Therese M. Garrick; Peter J. Terwee; Jo R. Patching; Helen Blake; Clive Harper

2009-01-01

98

SIRU utilization. Volume 2: Software description and program documentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A complete description of the additional analysis, development and evaluation provided for the SIRU system as identified in the requirements for the SIRU utilization program is presented. The SIRU configuration is a modular inertial subsystem with hardware and software features that achieve fault tolerant operational capabilities. The SIRU redundant hardware design is formulated about a six gyro and six accelerometer instrument module package. The modules are mounted in this package so that their measurement input axes form a unique symmetrical pattern that corresponds to the array of perpendiculars to the faces of a regular dodecahedron. This six axes array provides redundant independent sensing and the symmetry enables the formulation of an optimal software redundant data processing structure with self-contained fault detection and isolation (FDI) capabilities. Documentation of the additional software and software modifications required to implement the utilization capabilities includes assembly listings and flow charts

Oehrle, J.; Whittredge, R.

1973-01-01

99

Water Resources Research Grant Program project descriptions, fiscal year 1986  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Information is presented on the 43 projects funded by the United States Geological Survey 's Water Resources Grant Program in fiscal year 1986. The report gives the grant number; project title; performing organization; principal investigator(s); dates; and a project description which includes (1) identification of the water related problems and problem-solution approach, (2) contribution to problem solution, (3) objectives, (4) approach, and (5) result users. The 43 projects include 14 in the area of groundwater management, 6 in surface-water management, 2 in systems-operating/planning, 3 in irrigation management, 8 in desalination/reuse, 6 in economic/institutional studies, and 4 in climate variability. The reports contain tables showing (1) funding according to research topic, (2) projects funded to type of submitting organization, (3) proposals received, research topic, and funding levels, and (4) submitting organization. A comparison is given to fiscal year 1985 in each case. (USGS)

Branch of Research Grants and Contracts

1986-01-01

100

Psychosocial variables associated with willingness to donate organs.  

PubMed Central

Questionnaires were administered to 108 university psychology students to investigate attitudes and behaviour related to organ donation. Three groups (committed, uncommitted and opposed) were identified. A multivariate analysis of variance showed that, compared with uncommitted donors, committed donors felt better informed about organ donation, had discussed donation more often with family members and knew more people who had signed donor cards. The subjects in the opposed group and those in the uncommitted group cited different reasons for not signing a donor card. Empathy, religious beliefs and attitudes about death did not affect willingness to donate. Analyses of the interaction between willingness to donate one's own organs and willingness to donate those of a family member revealed a monotonic increase in willingness to donate the organs of a family member as the type of recipient became more personally relevant. Our findings indicate that when health care professionals request donor organs the potential recipients must be presented to the potential donors in a personally relevant manner. Educational programs must be developed to train medical personnel in how to effectively ask for organs without coercing the potential donor or invading the privacy of the potential recipient. PMID:2731099

Nolan, B E; Spanos, N P

1989-01-01

101

Harbeck research files donated  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The collected papers and research files of G. Earl Harbeck (deceased), noted U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) research hydraulic engineer, have recently been donated by the USGS Gulf Coast Hydroscience Center to the Department of Civil Engineering at the University of Mississippi (University, Miss.). Harbeck performed important research in evaporation and evapotranspiration phenomena during the 1950s and 1960s that led to modern water and energy budget methods for lakes, streams, and reservoirs that are widely used today. Many of the papers in his files are unique; others have importance in the historical progression of evaporation research in lakes. Researchers or students interested in gaining access to the files may contact Robert M. Hackett, Chairman, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677, for details.

102

Environmental Compliance and Protection Program Description Oak Ridge, Tennessee  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Environmental Compliance and Protection (EC and P) Program Description (PD) is to establish minimum environmental compliance requirements and natural resources protection goals for the Bechtel Jacobs Company LLC (BJC) Oak Ridge Environmental Management Cleanup Contract (EMCC) Contract Number DE-AC05-98OR22700-M198. This PD establishes the work practices necessary to ensure protection of the environment during the performance of EMCC work activities on the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, by BJC employees and subcontractor personnel. Both BJC and subcontractor personnel are required to implement this PD. A majority of the decontamination and demolition (D and D) activities and media (e.g., soil and groundwater) remediation response actions at DOE sites on the ORR are conducted under the authority of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA). CERCLA activities are governed by individual CERCLA decision documents (e.g., Record of Decision [ROD] or Action Memorandum) and according to requirements stated in the Federal Facility Agreement for the Oak Ridge Reservation (DOE 1992). Applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements (ARARs) for the selected remedy are the requirements for environmental remediation responses (e.g., removal actions and remedial actions) conducted under CERCLA.

Bechtel Jacobs

2009-02-26

103

The AutoBayes Program Synthesis System: System Description  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

AUTOBAYES is a fully automatic program synthesis system for the statistical data analysis domain. Its input is a concise description of a data analysis problem in the form of a statistical model; its output is optimized and fully documented C/C++ code which can be linked dynamically into the Matlab and Octave environments. AUTOBAYES synthesizes code by a schema-guided deductive process. Schemas (i.e., code templates with associated semantic constraints) are applied to the original problem and recursively to emerging subproblems. AUTOBAYES complements this approach by symbolic computation to derive closed-form solutions whenever possible. In this paper, we concentrate on the interaction between the symbolic computations and the deductive synthesis process. A statistical model specifies for each problem variable (i.e., data or parameter) its properties and dependencies in the form of a probability distribution, A typical data analysis task is to estimate the best possible parameter values from the given observations or measurements. The following example models normal-distributed data but takes prior information (e.g., from previous experiments) on the data's mean value and variance into account.

Fischer, Bernd; Pressburger, Thomas; Rosu, Grigore; Schumann, Johann; Norvog, Peter (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

104

Breast milk donation after neonatal death in Australia: a report.  

PubMed

Lactation and breast milk can hold great value and meaning for grieving mothers who have experienced a recent death of an infant. Donation to a human milk bank (HMB) as an alternative to discarding breast milk is one means of respecting the value of breast milk. There is little research, national policy discussion, or organizational representation in Australia on the subject of breast milk donation after infant death. On 29 November 2013 the Mercy Hospital for Women in Melbourne, Australia hosted Australia's first National Stakeholder Meeting (NSM) on the topic of milk donation after neonatal death. The NSM drew together representatives from Australian HMBs, neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) currently using donor human milk, and Australia's chief NICU parent support organization. The NSM was video-recorded and transcribed, and analyzed thematically by researchers. This article reports the seven dominant themes discussed by stakeholders during the NSM: the spectrum of women's lactation and donation experiences after infant death; the roles of the HMB and NICU in meeting the needs of the bereaved donor; how bereaved mothers' lactation autonomy may interface with a HMB's donation guidelines; how milk donation may be discussed with bereaved mothers; the variation between four categories of milk donation after neonatal death; the impact of limited resources and few HMBs on providing donation programs for bereaved mothers in Australia. This article provides evidence from researchers and practitioners that can assist HMB staff in refining their bank's policy on milk donation after infant death, and provides national policy makers with key considerations to support lactation, human milk banking, and bereavement services nation-wide. PMID:25530794

Carroll, Katherine E; Lenne, Brydan S; McEgan, Kerri; Opie, Gillian; Amir, Lisa H; Bredemeyer, Sandra; Hartmann, Ben; Jones, Rachel; Koorts, Pieter; McConachy, Helen; Mumford, Patricia; Polverino, Jan

2014-01-01

105

NCI/CPFP - 2010 Application Catalog - Program Description - Additional Research Opportunities  

Cancer.gov

Skip navigation. Table of Contents Director's Message Staff Profiles Program Description Program Information Guidelines for Application Preceptorships Bibliography Post-Fellowship Employment Life Outside the NCI Previous Page | Next Page Application

106

Neonatal liver cell donation: a case report.  

PubMed

Traditional organ transplant options for newborns have been rare. There continues to be an increasing need for organs for transplant and a limited number of available organs, especially for small children. Liver cell transplantation is a promising alternative to orthotopic liver transplantation to treat liver-based inborn errors of metabolism.1 The procedure is minimally invasive and can be performed repeatedly. The safety of the procedure has been well established, and the clinical results are encouraging.1 The liver cell donation process is an option for families who experience the loss of a newborn and offers them a legacy for their child by providing life for others. The purpose of this article is to discuss the neonatal liver cell donation process and present a case report of an anencephalic infant whose parents chose to participate in this unique program. PMID:25391590

Godfrey, Kathleen; Kish, Mary Z

2014-01-01

107

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Motivations towards Blood Donation among King Abdulaziz Medical City Population  

PubMed Central

Background. Blood donation is remarkably safe medical procedure. However, attitudes, beliefs, and level of knowledge may affect it. Objectives. To measure the level of knowledge regarding blood donation, find out positive and negative attitudes, identify the obstacles, and suggest some motivational factors. Methodology. A cross-sectional study was conducted at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC). Participants were selected by convenient nonrandom sampling technique. A self-created questionnaire was used for data collection. Results. The study included 349 individuals. About 45.8% of the participants claimed that they have a history of blood donation. Reported causes for not donating blood were blood donation not crossing their mind (52.4%), no time for donation (45%), and difficulty in accessing blood donation center (41.3%). Reported motivating factors for donating blood were one day off (81.4%), mobile blood donation caravans in public areas (79.1%), token gifts (31.5%), and finally paying money (18.9%). Conclusion. People in the age group 31–50 years, males, higher education and military were more likely to donate blood as well as People who showed higher knowledge level and positive attitude towards blood donation. More educational programs to increase the awareness in specific targeted populations and also to focus on some motivational factors are recommended. PMID:25431668

2014-01-01

108

National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Description The National Center for Atmospheric ... information, contact the Director, National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder ...

109

Organ Donation and Transplantation Statistics  

MedlinePLUS

... You are here Home » Organ Donation and Transplantation Statistics as of September 8, 2014 There are currently ... important that they know your wishes. Facts and statistics provided by the United States Renal Data System , ...

110

What Happens to Donated Blood?  

MedlinePLUS

... is transported to a Red Cross center Step 2: Processing Donated blood is scanned into a computer database Most blood is spun in centrifuges to separate the transfusable components – red cells, platelets, and plasma The primary components ...

111

Attitude and willingness of high school students toward organ donation.  

PubMed

Public awareness of organ donation fundamentally affects the organ transplantation programs. This study was performed to assess the attitude and willingness of high school adolescents regarding organ donation. The study population consisted of 416 high school girls who were studying in four grades of three educational courses. Data were collected by a questionnaire and included demographic variables and attitude and willingness, which were assessed based on the Likert scale. The SPSS v.16 was used for data analysis. The mean age of the study subjects was 16.26 ± 1.06 years, 31% studied in grade-1, 27% in grade-2 (25% natural sciences, 27% mathematics and 48% humanities), 26% in grade-3 (30% natural sciences, 34% mathematics and 36% humanities) and 16% in pre-university stage (32% natural sciences, 42% mathematics and 26% humanities). The students had a highly positive attitude toward organ donation (mean score 4.2 ± 0.54). The greatest willingness for organ donation was concerning the kidney (88%) and heart (84%), followed by the liver (83.4%), pancreas (79.6%), cornea (67.8%) and skin (51%). Willingness for deceased as well as living organ donation was indicated by 92% and 47%, respectively, of the participants. Organ donation was considered acceptable only to relatives by 5% of the participants when the donors were deceased donors and by 16% of the participants when the donors were living donors; donation to all needy persons from deceased donors was accepted by 87% of the participants and from living donors by 31%. The purpose of donation was stated as lending help to others by 89% and progression of science by 40.2% of the participants. Willingness for organ donation from a deceased relative was declared by 63% of the students. There was significant positive correlation between willingness for organ donation and attitude (P <0.001). In addition, attitude and willingness had positive correlation with educational levels, age and educational courses. Our study suggests that Iranian adolescents have a great attitude and willingness toward organ donation, which reflects favorable knowledge of transplantation. Further research on public awareness in both genders and various age ranges is needed. PMID:22982902

Afshar, Reza; Sanavi, Suzan; Rajabi, Mohammad-Reza

2012-09-01

112

PROGRAM GOAL AND DESCRIPTION A major goal of this HHMI supported program is to engage high school students and science  

E-print Network

PROGRAM GOAL AND DESCRIPTION A major goal of this HHMI supported program is to engage high school is learned in the laboratory can be applied to the high school science learning environment. FACULTY RESEARCH SUMMER RESEARCH EXPERIENCE for High School Teachers Intensive Five Week Program at California State

de Lijser, Peter

113

Financial incentives to increase Canadian organ donation: quick fix or fallacy?  

PubMed

Unlike the United States, the potential to increase organ donation in Canada may be sufficient to meet the need for transplantation. However, there has been no national coordinated effort to increase organ donation. Strategies that do not involve payment for organs, such as investment in health care resources to support deceased donor organ donation and introduction of a remuneration framework for the work of deceased organ donation, should be prioritized for implementation. Financial incentives that may be permitted under existing legislation and that pose little risk to existing donation sources should be advanced, including the following: payment of funeral expenses for potential donors who register their decision on organ donation during life (irrespective of the decision to donate or actual organ donation) and removal of disincentives for directed and paired exchange living donation, such as payment of wages, payment for pain and suffering related to the donor surgery, and payment of directed living kidney donors for participation in Canada's paired exchange program. In contrast, it would be premature to contemplate a regulated system of organ sales that would require a paradigm shift in the current approach to organ donation and legislative change to implement. PMID:24200461

Gill, John S; Klarenbach, Scott; Barnieh, Lianne; Caulfield, Timothy; Knoll, Greg; Levin, Adeera; Cole, Edward H

2014-01-01

114

College of Natural Sciences, Forestry, and Agriculture Program Description  

E-print Network

and Human Nutrition Program, students choose from one of three concentrations -- human nutrition and dietetics, food science or food management.e human nutrition and dietetics degree program is accredited four-year degree program in human nutrition in Maine accredited by the ADA. e food science

Thomas, Andrew

115

RSAT Programs for Young Offenders in California: A Descriptive Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study sought to identify drug treatment issues unique to corrections-based residential drug treatment programs for youthful offenders. Based upon qualitative data collected from program administrators and wards at three institution-based substance abuse treatment programs in California, four themes were identified which hold important…

Hegamin, Angela; Farabee, David

2003-01-01

116

78 FR 40421 - Inquiry Regarding Video Description in Video Programming Distributed on Television and on the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...description in video programming that is delivered via...Internet- provided video programming, which must be completed...Communications Commission's Web site: http://fjallfoss...including on their Web sites and to companies...also User Interfaces/Programming Guides NPRM at...

2013-07-05

117

Geological formation - drill string dynamic interaction finite-element program (GEODYN). Phase 1. Theoretical description  

SciTech Connect

The Theoretical Description for the GEODYN interactive finite-element computer program is presented. The program is capable of performing the analysis of the three-dimensional transient dynamic response of a Polycrystalline Diamond Compact Bit-Bit Sub arising from the intermittent contact of the bit with the downhole rock formations. The program accommodates nonlinear, time-dependent, loading and boundary conditions.

Baird, J.A.; Apostal, M.C.; Rotelli, R.L. Jr.; Tinianow, M.A.; Wormley, D.N.

1984-06-01

118

SUPPORT UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH at UNH through donations to the Hamel Center for Undergraduate Research  

E-print Network

SUPPORT UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH at UNH through donations to the Hamel Center for Undergraduate Research *IROP International Research Opportunities Program *UROP Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program Undergraduate research awards are funded SOLELY by gifts from our generous donors--not by UNH

Pohl, Karsten

119

Pelletized Waste Form Demonstration Program. Volume II. Description and performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report (Volume II) presents the design and performance characteristics of the Mound Pelletization Process. Detailed descriptions of both the process and equipment are given as well as the performance characteristics of the Demonstration Waste Pelletization System. Volume I, which was published as a separate document (MLM-MU-82-70-0001), is an engineering reference manual for the Mound Waste Pelletization Process.

1983-01-01

120

Water Resources Research Grant Program project descriptions, fiscal year 1985  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Information on each of the 24 projects funded by the U.S. Geological Survey in FY 1985 under section 105 of Public Law 93-242 (the Water Resources Research Act of 1984) is presented, including the grant number, organization, the period of performance, and a brief description of the work to be carried out. (Lantz-PTT)

U.S. Geological Survey Branch of Research Grants and Contracts

1985-01-01

121

Evaluation of the CFA Test Programs Via Formal Computer Descriptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes an architectural research facility used for the comparison of computer architectures. The facility consists of a compiler, simulator, symbolic translator, and data analysis programs.

M. R. Barbacci; D. P. Siewiorek

1977-01-01

122

World Perspective Case Descriptions on Educational Programs for Adults: Italy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nine adult education programs being conducted in Italy are described in the case studies in this packet. The courses range from adult basic education to continuing education courses in languages and management. Most are described in connection with the area of the country in which they are offered. The following programs are profiled: (1) public…

Federighi, Paolo; And Others

123

COLLEGE-LEVEL EXAMINATION PROGRAM, DESCRIPTION AND USES, 1967.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE COLLEGE-LEVEL EXAMINATION PROGRAM WHICH STARTED IN 1965 AS A NEW ACTIVITY OF THE COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAMINATION BOARD HAS FIVE AIMS. THEY ARE TO GIVE A NATIONAL PROGRAM OF EXAMINATIONS TO EVALUATE NONTRADITIONAL COLLEGE-LEVEL EDUCATION INCLUDING INDEPENDENT STUDY AND CORRESPONDENCE WORK, TO STIMULATE COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES TO BECOME MORE…

CHAMBERLAIN, LAWRENCE H.; AND OTHERS

124

24 CFR 983.5 - Description of the PBV program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...tenant-based voucher program under an annual contributions contract (ACC) with HUD. In the PBV program, the assistance is “attached to...funding (budget authority) available under the PHA's voucher ACC. This pool of funding is used to pay housing assistance...

2010-04-01

125

Replicating Successful Early Intervention in Rural Areas: Model Program Description.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a project to train service providers in replicating the Home Activity Program for Parents and Youngsters (HAPPY). HAPPY is a family-focused program developed to meet the educational needs of disabled children ages birth through 5 years in rural Nevada. Content of the training modules was developed from a review of literature…

Johnson, JoAnn; Whipple, Wendy

126

The SKI-HI Program: A Descriptive Update, 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides updated information on the SKI-HI program model which presently serves over 2000 young hearing impaired children in 35 states and Canada. The program focuses on training parents in the skills needed to maximize language stimulation and minimize language deprivation. Among 14 educational and philosophical underpinnings of the…

Bruce, Sandy; And Others

127

World Perspective Case Descriptions on Educational Programs for Adults: Finland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains eight case studies of the following adult education programs in Finland: (1) an experiment combining classroom teaching and distance education and one that studied the effects of offering art courses at different levels in 1982-1985 (Virtala); (2) cooperative programs since 1981 between municipal and city levels in Mikkeli…

Virtala, Mirja; And Others

128

A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY OF PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOL FRESHMEN TRANSITION PROGRAMS IN THE KANSAS CITY METROPOLITAN AREA  

E-print Network

Transitioning into high school can be exciting but also challenging for some students. To combat some of the common pitfalls incoming freshmen face, schools are developing freshmen induction programs. This research was a descriptive study of twenty...

Biermann, Brian Richard

2010-07-05

129

User's guide and description of the streamline divergence computer program. [turbulent convective heat transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The streamline divergence program was developed to demonstrate the capability to trace inviscid surface streamlines and to calculate outflow-corrected laminar and turbulent convective heating rates on surfaces subjected to exhaust plume impingement. The analytical techniques used in formulating this program are discussed. A brief description of the streamline divergence program is given along with a user's guide. The program input and output for a sample case are also presented.

Sulyma, P. R.; Mcanally, J. V.

1975-01-01

130

47 CFR 79.3 - Video description of video programming.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

Unique, county-based geographic areas designated by Nielsen Media Research, a television audience measurement service, based on television viewership in the counties that make up each DMA. (2) Second Audio Program (SAP)...

2010-10-01

131

47 CFR 79.3 - Video description of video programming.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

Unique, county-based geographic areas designated by The Nielsen Company, a television audience measurement service, based on television viewership in the counties that make up each DMA. (2) Video programming...

2012-10-01

132

47 CFR 79.3 - Video description of video programming.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

Unique, county-based geographic areas designated by The Nielsen Company, a television audience measurement service, based on television viewership in the counties that make up each DMA. (2) Video programming...

2013-10-01

133

47 CFR 79.3 - Video description of video programming.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

Unique, county-based geographic areas designated by The Nielsen Company, a television audience measurement service, based on television viewership in the counties that make up each DMA. (2) Video programming...

2014-10-01

134

47 CFR 79.3 - Video description of video programming.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

Unique, county-based geographic areas designated by Nielsen Media Research, a television audience measurement service, based on television viewership in the counties that make up each DMA. (2) Second Audio Program (SAP)...

2011-10-01

135

LACIE performance predictor final operational capability program description, volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The program EPHEMS computes the orbital parameters for up to two vehicles orbiting the earth for up to 549 days. The data represents a continuous swath about the earth, producing tables which can be used to determine when and if certain land segments will be covered. The program GRID processes NASA's climatology tape to obtain the weather indices along with associated latitudes and longitudes. The program LUMP takes substrata historical data and sample segment ID, crop window, crop window error and statistical data, checks for valid input parameters and generates the segment ID file, crop window file and the substrata historical file. Finally, the System Error Executive (SEE) Program checks YES error and truth data, CAMS error data, and signature extension data for validity and missing elements. A message is printed for each error found.

1976-01-01

136

Giving Ourselves: The Ethics of Anatomical Donation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article discusses the concern that a decrease in cadaver donation will influence future medical education. The article suggests two modes of action to encourage education of the general population to consider donation of bodies for education.

2008-09-01

137

HIGHWAY, a transportation routing model: program description and users' manual  

SciTech Connect

A computerized transportation routing model has been developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to be used for predicting likely routes for shipping radioactive materials. The HIGHWAY data base is a computerized road atlas containing descriptions of the entire interstate highway system, the federal highway system, and most of the principal state roads. In addition to its prediction of the most likely commercial route, options incorporated in the HIGHWAY model can allow for maximum use of interstate highways or routes that will bypass urbanized areas containing populations > 100,000. The user may also interactively modify the data base to predict routes that bypass any particular state, city, town, or specific highway segment.

Joy, D.S.; Johnson, P.E.; Gibson, S.M.

1982-12-01

138

SINDA-NASTRAN interfacing program theoretical description and user's manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The task of converting SINDA finite difference thermal model temperature results into NASTRAN finite element model thermal loads can be very labor intensive if there is not one node-to-one element, or systematic node-to-element. correlation between models. This paper describes the SINDA-NASTRAN Interfacing Program (SNIP), a FORTRAN computer code that generates NASTRAN structural model thermal load cards given by SINDA (or similar thermal model) temperature results and thermal model geometric data. SNIP generates NASTRAN thermal load cards for NASTRAN plate, shell, bar, and beam elements. The paper describes the interfacing procedures used by SNIP, and discusses set-up and operation of the program. Sample cases are included to demonstrate use of the program and show its performance under a variety of conditions. SNIP can provide structural model thermal loads that accurately reflect thermal model results while reducing the time required to interface thermal and structural models when compared to other methods.

Winegar, Steven R.

1987-01-01

139

Organ Donation in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently in Latin America, there has been a strong influence of the “Spanish model” of organ procurement. In 2001, The “Punta Cana Group” was created by Latin American transplantation coordinators with the objective of registering and improving the system of donation and procurement. In many countries there is no universal financial support from the government for medical treatment, including dialysis

R. Mizraji; I. Alvarez; R. I. Palacios; C. Fajardo; C. Berrios; F. Morales; E. Luna; C. Milanés; M. Andrade; E. Duque; F. Giron; J. Alfonso; S. Herra; C. Soratti; R. Ibar; V. D. Garcia

2007-01-01

140

LACIE performance predictor final operational capability program description, volume 3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The requirements and processing logic for the LACIE Error Model program (LEM) are described. This program is an integral part of the Large Area Crop Inventory Experiment (LACIE) system. LEM is that portion of the LPP (LACIE Performance Predictor) which simulates the sample segment classification, strata yield estimation, and production aggregation. LEM controls repetitive Monte Carlo trials based on input error distributions to obtain statistical estimates of the wheat area, yield, and production at different levels of aggregation. LEM interfaces with the rest of the LPP through a set of data files.

1976-01-01

141

A Marked Increase in Organ Donation in Puerto Rico  

Microsoft Academic Search

During its first years of existence, the Puerto Rico Transplant Program barely reached 18 to 20 renal transplants per year. A brain death amendment to the law improved the numbers but only to a stable thirty\\/year. Polls and studies showed that, although people knew about transplantation and expressed willingness to donate, the powerful emotional grief reaction, as well as a

M. Saade; J. Davies; E. Torres; L. Morales-Otero; Z. Gonzalez-Caraballo; E. A. Santiago-Delpin

2005-01-01

142

Coca-Cola Hispanic Education Fund: Los Angeles Program Description.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Coca-Cola Hispanic Education Fund was created in response to the high school dropout problem in Los Angeles. The Fund enables the Coca-Cola Bottling Company of Los Angeles to build upon the successful relationship it has developed in the Hispanic community and maximizes the effectiveness of existing student support programs by directing needy…

Coca Cola Bottling Co. of Los Angeles, CA.

143

Media Literacy Education Program Evaluators: What's the Job Description, Again?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School program evaluation researchers face a set of overlapping questions concerning our roles in the field: For the sake of "the data" and in quest of "the truth," am I a shrewd researcher before all else? For the sake of community-building and establishing respectful, reciprocal relationships with my school partners, am I first a gracious school…

DaCosta, Kneia Octavia

2012-01-01

144

A Description of the Hawthorn Center Early Intervention Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An early intervention project for preschool handicapped children is described. Specific program goals (including improved functioning in social, emotional, communication, and preacademic areas) are listed, and roles of the interdisciplinary staff members are considered. Among evaluation approaches discussed are psychological measures, family…

Glovinsky, Ira; Keller, Jackie

145

Program Name Deadline Announcement # Grant Description Web Site / PDF  

E-print Network

with Biological Function (Fold F(x)) 4/3/2014 DARPA-BAA-14-13 The DARPA Fold F(x) program objective is to develop either synthesize or degrade a desired target. DARPA anticipates that successful efforts will include (1

Wu, Shin-Tson

146

Description and Evaluation of the 1980 Summer Scholars Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Missouri, under a contract with the Health Resources Administration, has planned and developed an Area Health Education Center (AHEC), whose purpose is to address the problem of underrepresentation of minority and educationally disadvantaged students in educational programs for health professions. Activities range from early…

Mares, Kenneth R.; And Others

147

Description of a Large-Scale Micro-Teaching Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the implementation of a large-scale program at Brigham Young University to provide for at least one microteaching experience for each of 730 students enrolled in a beginning education course. A definition of microteaching (the creation of a miniature teaching situation under controlled conditions) and the elements which make…

Webb, Clark; And Others

148

NCI/CPFP - 2010 Application Catalog - Program Description - Overview  

Cancer.gov

The overarching goal of the CPFP is to provide a strong foundation for scientists and clinicians to train in the field of cancer prevention and control. As part of the program, we offer training toward an M.P.H. degree at an accredited university during the first year, followed by mentored research with investigators at the NCI.

149

DOPHOT, a CCD photometry program: Description and tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design considerations and operational features of DOPHOT, a point-spread function (PSF) fitting photometry program, are described. Some relevant details of the PSF fitting are discussed. The quality of the photometry returned by DOPHOT is assessed via reductions of an 'artificial' globular cluster generated from a list of stars with known magnitudes and colors. Results from comparative tests between DOPHOT

Paul L. Schechter; Mario Mateo; Abhijit Saha

1993-01-01

150

DOPHOT, a CCD photometry program: Description and tests  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design considerations and operational features of DOPHOT, a point-spread function (PSF) fitting photometry program, are described. Some relevant details of the PSF fitting are discussed. The quality of the photometry returned by DOPHOT is assessed via reductions of an 'artificial' globular cluster generated from a list of stars with known magnitudes and colors. Results from comparative tests between DOPHOT and DAOPHOT using this synthetic cluster and real data are also described.

Schechter, Paul L.; Mateo, Mario; Saha, Abhijit

1993-01-01

151

Office of radiation and indoor air: Program description  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA) Office of Radiation and Indoor Air is to protect the public and the environment from exposures to radiation and indoor air pollutants. The Office develops protection criteria, standards, and policies and works with other programs within EPA and other agencies to control radiation and indoor air pollution exposures; provides technical assistance to states through EPA`s regional offices and other agencies having radiation and indoor air protection programs; directs an environmental radiation monitoring program; responds to radiological emergencies; and evaluates and assesses the overall risk and impact of radiation and indoor air pollution. The Office is EPA`s lead office for intra- and interagency activities coordinated through the Committee for Indoor Air Quality. It coordinates with and assists the Office of Enforcement in enforcement activities where EPA has jurisdiction. The Office disseminates information and works with state and local governments, industry and professional groups, and citizens to promote actions to reduce exposures to harmful levels of radiation and indoor air pollutants.

Not Available

1993-06-01

152

A description of an occupational therapy program for students with disabilities who attend a community college.  

PubMed

An occupational therapy program for community college students who are disabled is described. The non-traditional program utilizes physical and psycho-social assessments to assist in treatment planning. Student role fulfillment is the central goal of treatment. The organizational context, the population served, and the assessment and therapy process are discussed. The description is designed to aid those who seek to develop community-based, treatment programs. PMID:23944700

Burnett-Beaulieu, S

1984-01-01

153

Hanford surplus facilities programs facilities listings and descriptions. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

On the Hanford Site, many surplus facilities exist (including buildings, stacks, tanks, cribs, burial grounds, and septic systems) that are scheduled to be decommissioned. Many of these facilities contain large inventories of radionuclides, which present potential radiological hazards on and off the Hanford Site. Some structures with limited structural deterioration present potential radiological and industrial safety hazards to personnel. Because of the condition of these facilities, a systematic surveillance and maintenance program is performed to identify and correct potential hazards to personnel and the environment until eventual decommissioning operations are completed.

Kiser, S.K.; Witt, T.L.

1994-01-01

154

Quality assurance program description: Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant, Part 1. Revision 3  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Department of Energy`s Richland Field Office (DOE-RL) quality assurance (QA) program for the processing of high-level waste as well as the Vitrification Project Quality Assurance Program for the design and construction of the Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant (HWVP). It also identifies and describes the planned activities that constitute the required quality assurance program for the HWVP. This program applies to the broad scope of quality-affecting activities associated with the overall HWVP Facility. Quality-affecting activities include designing, purchasing, fabricating, handling, shipping, storing, cleaning, erecting, installing, inspecting, testing, maintaining, repairing, and modifying. Also included are the development, qualification, and production of waste forms which may be safely used to dispose of high-level radioactive waste resulting from national defense activities. The HWVP QA program is made up of many constituent programs that are being implemented by the participating organizations. This Quality Assurance program description is intended to outline and define the scope and application of the major programs that make up the HWVP QA program. It provides a means by which the overall program can be managed and directed to achieve its objectives. Subsequent parts of this description will identify the program`s objectives, its scope, application, and structure.

Not Available

1992-12-31

155

Description of the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program  

SciTech Connect

The background and the results to date of the Department of Energy program to identify and evaluate the radiological conditions at sites formerly utilized by the Corps of Engineers' Manhattan Engineer District (MED) and the US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) are summarized. The sites of concern were federally, privately, and institutionally owned and were used primarily for research, processing, and storage of uranium and thorium ores, concentrates, or residues. Some sites were subsequently released for other purposes without radiological restriction. Surveys have been conducted since 1974 to document radiological conditions at such sites. Based on radiological surveys, sites are identified in this document that require, or are projected to require, remedial action to remove potential restrictions on the use of the property due to the presence of residual low-level radioactive contamination. Specific recommendations for each site will result from more detailed environmental and engineering surveys to be conducted at those sites and, if necessary, an environmental impact assessment or environmental impact statement will be prepared. Section 3.0 describes the current standards and guidelines now being used to conduct remedial actions. Current authority of the US Department of Energy (DOE) to proceed with remedial actions and the new authority required are summarized. A plan to implement the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) in accordance with the new authority is presented, including the objectives, scope, general approach, and a summary schedule. Key issues affecting schedule and cost are discussed.

Not Available

1980-09-01

156

Legal and ethical aspects of organ donation and transplantation  

PubMed Central

The legislation called the Transplantation of Human Organ Act (THO) was passed in India in 1994 to streamline organ donation and transplantation activities. Broadly, the act accepted brain death as a form of death and made the sale of organs a punishable offence. With the acceptance of brain death, it became possible to not only undertake kidney transplantations but also start other solid organ transplants like liver, heart, lungs, and pancreas. Despite the THO legislation, organ commerce and kidney scandals are regularly reported in the Indian media. In most instances, the implementation of the law has been flawed and more often than once its provisions have been abused. Parallel to the living related and unrelated donation program, the deceased donation program has slowly evolved in a few states. In approximately one-third of all liver transplants, the organs have come from the deceased donor program as have all the hearts and pancreas transplants. In these states, a few hospitals along with committed NGOs have kept the momentum of the deceased donor program. The MOHAN Foundation (NGO based in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh) has facilitated 400 of the 1,300 deceased organ transplants performed in the country over the last 14 years. To overcome organ shortage, developed countries are re-looking at the ethics of unrelated programs and there seems to be a move towards making this an acceptable legal alternative. The supply of deceased donors in these countries has peaked and there has been no further increase over the last few years. India is currently having a deceased donation rate of 0.05 to 0.08 per million population. We need to find a solution on how we can utilize the potentially large pool of trauma-related brain deaths for organ donation. This year in the state of Tamil Nadu, the Government has passed seven special orders. These orders are expected to streamline the activity of deceased donors and help increase their numbers. Recently, on July 30, 2008, the Government brought in a few new amendments as a Gazette with the purpose of putting a stop to organ commerce. The ethics of commerce in organ donation and transplant tourism has been widely criticized by international bodies. The legal and ethical principles that we follow universally with organ donation and transplantation are also important for the future as these may be used to resolve our conflicts related to emerging sciences such as cloning, tissue engineering, and stem cells. PMID:19881131

Shroff, Sunil

2009-01-01

157

The Plasma Interaction Experiment (PIX) description and test program. [electrometers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The plasma interaction experiment (PIX) is a battery powered preprogrammed auxiliary payload on the LANDSAT-C launch. This experiment is part of a larger program to investigate space plasma interactions with spacecraft surfaces and components. The varying plasma densities encountered during available telemetry coverage periods are deemed sufficient to determine first order interactions between the space plasma environment and the biased experimental surfaces. The specific objectives of the PIX flight experiment are to measure the plasma coupling current and the negative voltage breakdown characteristics of a solar array segment and a gold plated steel disk. Measurements will be made over a range of surface voltages up to plus or minus kilovolt. The orbital environment will provide a range of plasma densities. The experimental surfaces will be voltage biased in a preprogrammed step sequence to optimize the data returned for each plasma region and for the available telemetry coverage.

Ignaczak, L. R.; Haley, F. A.; Domino, E. J.; Culp, D. H.; Shaker, F. J.

1978-01-01

158

Advanced predoctoral implant program at UIC: description and qualitative analysis.  

PubMed

Dental implant education has increasingly become an integral part of predoctoral dental curricula. However, the majority of implant education emphasizes the restorative aspect as opposed to the surgical. The University of Illinois at Chicago College of Dentistry has developed an Advanced Predoctoral Implant Program (APIP) that provides a select group of students the opportunity to place implants for single-tooth restorations and mandibular overdentures. This article describes the rationale, logistics, experiences, and perspectives of an innovative approach to provide additional learning experiences in the care of patients with partial and complete edentulism using implant-supported therapies. Student and faculty perspectives on the APIP were ascertained via focus group discussions and a student survey. The qualitative analysis of this study suggests that the select predoctoral dental students highly benefited from this experience and intend to increase their knowledge and skills in implant dentistry through formal education following graduation. Furthermore, the survey indicates that the APIP has had a positive influence on the students' interest in surgically placing implants in their future dental practice and their confidence level in restoring and surgically placing implants. PMID:24789837

Afshari, Fatemeh S; Yuan, Judy Chia-Chun; Quimby, Anastasiya; Harlow, Rand; Campbell, Stephen D; Sukotjo, Cortino

2014-05-01

159

Geomagnetic Cutoff Rigidity Computer Program: Theory, Software Description and Example  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The access of charged particles to the earth from space through the geomagnetic field has been of interest since the discovery of the cosmic radiation. The early cosmic ray measurements found that cosmic ray intensity was ordered by the magnetic latitude and the concept of cutoff rigidity was developed. The pioneering work of Stoermer resulted in the theory of particle motion in the geomagnetic field, but the fundamental mathematical equations developed have 'no solution in closed form'. This difficulty has forced researchers to use the 'brute force' technique of numerical integration of individual trajectories to ascertain the behavior of trajectory families or groups. This requires that many of the trajectories must be traced in order to determine what energy (or rigidity) a charged particle must have to penetrate the magnetic field and arrive at a specified position. It turned out the cutoff rigidity was not a simple quantity but had many unanticipated complexities that required many hundreds if not thousands of individual trajectory calculations to solve. The accurate calculation of particle trajectories in the earth's magnetic field is a fundamental problem that limited the efficient utilization of cosmic ray measurements during the early years of cosmic ray research. As the power of computers has improved over the decades, the numerical integration procedure has grown more tractable, and magnetic field models of increasing accuracy and complexity have been utilized. This report is documentation of a general FORTRAN computer program to trace the trajectory of a charged particle of a specified rigidity from a specified position and direction through a model of the geomagnetic field.

Smart, D. F.; Shea, M. A.

2001-01-01

160

Challenging the moral status of blood donation.  

PubMed

The World Health Organisation encourages that blood donation becomes voluntary and unremunerated, a system already operated in the UK. Drawing on public documents and videos, this paper argues that blood donation is regarded and presented as altruistic and supererogatory. In advertisements, donation is presented as something undertaken for the benefit of others, a matter attracting considerable gratitude from recipients and the collecting organisation. It is argued that regarding blood donation as an act of supererogation is wrongheaded, and an alternative account of blood donation as moral obligation is presented. Two arguments are offered in support of this position. First, the principle of beneficence, understood in a broad consequentialist framework obliges donation where the benefit to the recipient is large and the cost to the donor relatively small. This argument can be applied, with differing levels of normativity, to various acts of donation. Second, the wrongness of free riding requires individuals to contribute to collective systems from which they benefit. Alone and in combination these arguments present moral reasons for donation, recognised in communication strategies elsewhere. Research is required to evaluate the potential effects on donation of a campaign which presents blood donation as moral obligation, but of wider importance is the recognition that other-regarding considerations in relation to our own as well as others' health result in a range not only of choices but also of obligations. PMID:22983763

Snelling, Paul C

2014-12-01

161

Predictors of public attitude toward living organ donation in Kano, northern Nigeria.  

PubMed

Organ shortage is a major public health challenge for transplant programs globally. The sustenance of such programs as an effective therapy for end-stage organ failure (ESOF) requires an exploration of public awareness and willingness to donate organs. This is imperative, especially in developing countries where ESOF is highly prevalent. We studied the awareness and predictors of public attitude toward organ donation in Kano city in northern Nigeria. Using interviewer-administered questionnaires, we assessed the awareness and willingness to donate solid organs among 400 adults in the Kano metropolis. Three hundred and five of the 383 respondents (79.6%) reported that they had heard about organ donation. There was a significant variation of awareness by education and ethnicity (P <0.05). Most respondents, 303 (79.1%), were willing to donate an organ. Gender [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 2.13; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.40-4.95], educational attainment (AOR = 2.55; 95% CI: 1.35-5.88), marital status (AOR = 4.5; 95% CI: 2.97-9.1), religion (AOR = 3.40; 95% CI: 1.43-8.10) and ethnicity (AOR = 2.36; 95% CI 1.04-5.35) were significant predictors of willingness to donate an organ. Preferred organ recipients were parents (48.9%), children (21.3%), spouses (14.6%) and other relatives (13.4%). Reasons for willingness to donate organs included religion (51.2%), moral obligation (21.4%) and compassion (11.9%), among others. However, there was widespread ignorance of religious precepts concerning organ donation. The high level of awareness and willingness to donate organs in this society could be further enhanced by intensive information, education and communication strategies providing clear messages on societal benefits, religious aspects and bioethical guidance regarding organ donation. PMID:24434412

Iliyasu, Zubairu; Abubakar, Isa S; Lawan, Umar M; Abubakar, Mustapha; Adamu, Bappa

2014-01-01

162

Who donates their body to science? An international, multicenter, prospective study.  

PubMed

The altruistic act of body donation provides a precious resource for both teaching and researching human anatomy. However, relatively little is known about individuals who donate their bodies to science (donors), and in particular whether donors in different geographical locations share similar characteristics. A multicenter prospective survey of donors registering during 2010 in three different geographical locations, New Zealand, Ireland, and the Republic of South Africa, was conducted to identify donor characteristics. The 28-question survey included sections on body donation program awareness, reasons for donating, giving tendency, education, ethnicity, relationship status, occupation, religion, and political preference. Two hundred surveys (81%) were returned [New Zealand 123 (85% response rate), Republic of South Africa 41 (67%), and Ireland 36 (92%)]. Results indicate that donors share certain characteristics including reason for donating (80% cited a desire to aid medical science as the main reason for wishing to donate their body); family structure (most donors are or have been in long-term partnerships and ? 85% have siblings); and a higher proportion with no religious affiliation compared to their reference population. Some variations between locations were noted including donor age, the mode of program awareness, occupation, relationship status, political preference, organ donor status and with whom donors had discussed their decision to donate. This information could be important for assisting the identification of potential body donors in new and established bequest programs. PMID:22508582

Cornwall, Jon; Perry, Gary F; Louw, Graham; Stringer, Mark D

2012-01-01

163

A Descriptive Study of a California Domestic Violence Court: Program Completion and Recidivism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This retrospective descriptive study analyzed a 1997 cohort of misdemeanor offenders (N = 289) in a California domestic violence court. Sixty-two percent of offenders completed a 52-week counseling program. A four-year statewide recidivism follow-up determined that for all types of arrests, rates were lower among program completers versus noncompleters (for domestic violence arrests, 15% versus 25%). Logistic regression revealed that

Carrie J. Petrucci

2010-01-01

164

Program Name (DOE) Submission Deadline Announcement # Grant Description Web Site / PDF  

E-print Network

Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the SunShot Prize aims to spur low-cost rooftop solar be found at: http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/pdfs/sunshot_prize_rules.pdf http://www1.eere.energyProgram Name (DOE) Submission Deadline Announcement # Grant Description Web Site / PDF Limited

Wu, Shin-Tson

165

INITIATIVE MOBILE APPS DEVELOPMENT Description and details about the program or initiative that is being proposed  

E-print Network

INITIATIVE ­ MOBILE APPS DEVELOPMENT Description and details about the program or initiative, there is interest from students in the development of mobile apps. In addition to mobile app development courses technologies can help students be successful in their studies - whether it's mobile apps in the classroom

Saldin, Dilano

166

Farmers Market at Maryland Student Internship Program Student Farmers Market Assistant Manager Job Description  

E-print Network

Farmers Market at Maryland Student Internship Program Student Farmers Market Assistant Manager Job Description The Farmers Market at Maryland is seeking two students to assist the UMD Farmer's Market Committee at Maryland Information Booth, including student volunteer recruitment and support. Student volunteers

Hill, Wendell T.

167

Lung Cancer Discovery Award (LCD) Program Description Page 1 of 7 5/25/2011  

E-print Network

current treatment options and/or finding a cure for lung cancer through clinical, laboratoryLung Cancer Discovery Award (LCD) Program Description Page 1 of 7 5/25/2011 IMPORTANT NOTES REFERENCE. The Lung Cancer Discovery Award supports the development of novel medical treatments, advancing

Gleeson, Joseph G.

168

Linguistics Program Course Descriptions LING 205 SPECIAL TOPICS: POPULAR CULTURE AND COMMUNICATION  

E-print Network

Linguistics Program Course Descriptions Fall 2013 LING 205 SPECIAL TOPICS: POPULAR CULTURE AND COMMUNICATION MWF 1:10 ­ 2:00; FELICIANOSANTOS This course will study linguistic anthropology through the lens of popular culture, while learning about different levels of linguistic form and discourse structure. We

Almor, Amit

169

Minnesota Department of Education Agricultural Education Program Descriptions 01.0000-01.9095  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a brief compilation of descriptions of agricultural education programs linked to Career and Technical Education (CTE) initiative in Minnesota. Agriculture Exploration courses focus on the animal sciences, plant sciences, natural resource sciences, agricultural business and marketing, and leadership development. Agribusiness…

Minnesota Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

170

Lung Health Dissertation Grant (LH) Program Description Page 1 of 6 5/25/2011  

E-print Network

Lung Health Dissertation Grant (LH) Program Description Page 1 of 6 5/25/2011 IMPORTANT NOTES REFERENCE. The objective of the Lung Health Research Dissertation Grant is to support pre-doctoral dissertation research in the various disciplines of social science examining risk factors affecting lung health

Gleeson, Joseph G.

171

Automated generation of DSP program development tools using a machine description formalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors introduce a retargetable microcode generator for application specific digital signal processors (ASDSPs). The primary goal is to provide quickly system architects with the set of tools necessary for program development (assemblers, instruction set simulators, debuggers, and compilers), particularly when the processor architecture is refined simultaneously with the algorithm. After a modification of the architecture, only the machine description

A. Fauth; A. Knoll

1993-01-01

172

Windows Calorimeter Control (WinCal) program computer software design description  

SciTech Connect

The Windows Calorimeter Control (WinCal) Program System Design Description contains a discussion of the design details for the WinCal product. Information in this document will assist a developer in maintaining the WinCal system. The content of this document follows the guidance in WHC-CM-3-10, Software Engineering Standards, Standard for Software User Documentation.

Pertzborn, N.F.

1997-03-26

173

Embryo donation in Iran: an ethical review.  

PubMed

Iran is the only Muslim country that has legislation on embryo donation, adopted in 2003. With an estimated 10-15% of couples in the country that are infertile, there are not any legal or religious barriers that prohibit an infertile couple from taking advantage of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs). Although all forms of ARTs available in Iran have been legitimized by religious authorities, there is a lack of legislation in all ARTs except embryo donation. By highlighting ethical issues in embryo donation, the paper presents a critical review of the Act of Embryo Donation in Iran. The paper argues that the Act does not provide enough safeguards for the future child and assurance for the safety of the donated embryos. It also does not restrict embryo donation to surplus embryos from infertile couples and is silent about the number of embryos that could be donated by each couple as well as the number of recipients for donated embryos by a couple. The Act is also silent about the issues of genetic linkage (nasab) and heritage which are challenging issues, especially in a conservative Islamic society. As a result, the future child may not inherit from their birth parents, as it is not required by the Act, or from the genetically related parents under the anonymity policy. Finally there is no standard national protocol or guidelines to evaluate the safety of the donated embryos. The paper concludes that despite its benefits, the Act lacks clarity, and it is subject to misunderstanding and confusion. PMID:22708805

Afshar, Leila; Bagheri, Alireza

2013-12-01

174

The Challenges of Social Marketing of Organ Donation: News and Entertainment Coverage of Donation and Transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

While great strides have been made in persuading the public to become potential organ donors, actual behavior has not yet caught up with the nearly universally favorable attitudes the public expresses toward donation. This paper explores the issue by situating the social marketing of organ donation against a broader backdrop of entertainment and news media coverage of organ donation. Organ

Tyler R. Harrison; Susan E. Morgan; Lisa V. Chewning

2008-01-01

175

Psychological Aspects of Organ Donation: A Critical Review and Synthesis of Individual and Next-of-Kin Donation Decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a critical review of psychological perspectives on organ donation. The review considers individual decisions to donate organs posthumously and next-of-kin consent decisions. A theoretical analysis of intention to donate is presented for both types of donation decisions, and the literature is reviewed within the context of the proposed framework. Donation decisions are examined as a function of

Carmen M. Radecki; James Jaccard

1997-01-01

176

Description of CASCOMP Comprehensive Airship Sizing and Performance Computer Program, Volume 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The computer program CASCOMP, which may be used in comparative design studies of lighter than air vehicles by rapidly providing airship size and mission performance data, was prepared and documented. The program can be used to define design requirements such as weight breakdown, required propulsive power, and physical dimensions of airships which are designed to meet specified mission requirements. The program is also useful in sensitivity studies involving both design trade-offs and performance trade-offs. The input to the program primarily consists of a series of single point values such as hull overall fineness ratio, number of engines, airship hull and empennage drag coefficients, description of the mission profile, and weights of fixed equipment, fixed useful load and payload. In order to minimize computation time, the program makes ample use of optional computation paths.

Davis, J.

1975-01-01

177

A Descriptive Study on the Relationship between an Initial Physical Education Teacher Education Program and Employment Longevity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this descriptive study were to better describe to the administrators of a Midwestern university the strengths and weaknesses of its physical education program, to furnish a description of the alumni with respect to employment longevity in the field of physical education, employment trends, and attitudes toward the program. The…

Bebie, Kerry A.

2012-01-01

178

Female College Students' Perceptions of Organ Donation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current process of organ donation in the U.S. relies on the premise of altruism or voluntary consent. Yet, human organs available for donation and transplant do not meet current demands. The literature has suggested that college students, who represent a large group of potential healthy organ donors, often are not part of donor pools. Before…

Boland, Kathleen; Baker, Kerrie

2010-01-01

179

Giving Ourselves: The Ethics of Anatomical Donation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In some European countries, such as Italy, medical education is threatened by a dearth of anatomical specimens. Such a shortage could spread to other nations, including the United States. This article addresses two ethical questions in body donation. Why might people choose to donate their bodies to education and science? What sorts of ethical…

Gunderman, Richard B.

2008-01-01

180

Quality Assurance of the Donation Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality of the organs harvested from a deceased donor is of critical importance for the outcome of the transplantations. During 2005, a quality assurance project was initiated to evaluate the donor management, harvest operation, and flow of information during the donation process. Three kinds of questionnaires were used in each donation. They were completed by the transplant coordinator, the

Ö. Jynge; C. Andréasson; C. Bergström; E. Björklund; A. C. Croon; L. Tydén; J. Wahlberg; A. Tibell

2006-01-01

181

Understanding Australian families' organ donation decisions.  

PubMed

Numbers of deceased organ donors in Australia have increased, but rates of consent to donation remain at around 60%. Increasing family consent is a key target for the Australian Organ and Tissue Authority. Reasons for donation decisions have been reported in the international literature, but little is known of reasons for Australian families' decisions. Potential organ donors in four Melbourne hospitals were identified and 49 participants from 40 families (23 consenting and 17 non-consenting) were interviewed to understand reasons for consent decisions. Themes for consent to organ donation included that: donation was consistent with the deceased's explicit wishes or known values, the desire to help others or self-including themes of altruism, pragmatism, preventing others from being in the same position, consolation received from donation and aspects of the donation conversation and care that led families to believe donation was right for them. Themes for non-consent included: lack of knowledge of wishes; social, cultural and religious beliefs; factors related to the donation process and family exhaustion; and conversation factors where negative events influenced decisions. While reasons for consent were similar to those described in international literature, reasons for non-consent differed in that there was little emphasis on lack of trust of the medical profession, concerns regarding level of care provided to the potential donor, preserving the deceased's body, fears of body invasion or organ allocation fairness. PMID:25579288

Neate, S L; Marck, C H; Skinner, M; Dwyer, B; McGain, F; Weiland, T J; Hickey, B B; Jelinek, G A

2015-01-01

182

Altruism in organ donation: an unnecessary requirement?  

PubMed

Altruism has long been taken to be the guiding principle of ethical organ donation in the UK, and has been used as justification for rejecting or allowing certain types of donation. We argue that, despite this prominent role, altruism has been poorly defined in policy and position documents, and used confusingly and inconsistently. Looking at how the term has been used over recent years allows us to define 'organ donation altruism', and comparing this with accounts in the philosophical literature highlights its theoretical shortcomings. The recent report from the Nuffield Council on Bioethics reaffirmed the importance of altruism in organ donation, and offered a clearer definition. This definition is, however, more permissive than that of altruism previously seen in UK policy, and as a result allows some donations that previously have been considered unacceptable. We argue that while altruistic motivation may be desirable, it is not necessary. PMID:23538329

Moorlock, Greg; Ives, Jonathan; Draper, Heather

2014-02-01

183

Oakton Community College: Early Childhood Career Opportunities (ECCO) Program. Program Description Based on Grant Abstract.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Early Childhood Career Opportunities (ECCO) Program is a 21-week program of intensive training that provides limited-English-proficient Hispanic, Indian, and Pakistani adult students with the required skills for entry-level positions in the child care field. Courses in early childhood focus on child growth and development, introduction to…

Kerwin, Sheila

184

Program Descriptions. A Companion to "Safe and Sound: An Educational Leader's Guide to Evidence-Based Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) Programs".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This companion to "Safe and Sound: An Educational Leader's Guide to Evidence-Based Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) Programs" provides information on each of the 80 programs in the review. The information is intended to give schools and individuals a better overall understanding of each program. The description includes the program's design and…

2003

185

Pre-donation Hydration and Applied Muscle Tension Combine to Reduce Presyncopal Reactions to Blood Donation  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND A randomized controlled trial was conducted to test the effects of hydration and applied muscle tensing on presyncopal reactions to blood donation. Both interventions are designed to prevent the decreases in blood pressure that can contribute to such reactions, but due to the distinct physiological mechanisms underlying their pressor responses it was hypothesized that a combined intervention would yield the greatest benefit. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Prior to blood donation, first- and second-time blood donors (Mean Age = 20.2 years, SD = 4.9) were randomly assigned to: 1) standard donation, 2) placebo (leg exercise prior to venipuncture), 3) pre-donation water, or 4) pre-donation water and leg exercise during donation. RESULTS Main effects of group were observed for phlebotomist classification of vasovagal reactions, X2 (3) = 8.38, p<0.05, and donor reports of presyncopal reactions, X2 (3) = 13.16, p < 0.01. Follow-up analyses of phlebotomist classifications revealed fewer reactions in the pre-donation water and pre-donation water and leg exercise groups relative to placebo but not standard donation. Follow-up analyses of self-reported reactions revealed that women, but not men, had lower scores in both the pre-donation water and pre-donation water and leg exercise groups relative to both placebo and standard donation. CONCLUSION Pre-donation hydration and a combination of hydration and leg exercise may help attenuate presyncopal reactions in relatively novice donors, although future studies with larger samples are required to confirm this effect. PMID:20113455

France, Christopher R.; Ditto, Blaine; Wissel, Mary Ellen; France, Janis L.; Dickert, Tara; Rader, Aaron; Sinclair, Kadian; McGlone, Sarah; Trost, Zina; Matson, Erin

2010-01-01

186

Performance Analysis and Design Synthesis (PADS) computer program. Volume 2: Program description, part 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Performance Analysis and Design Synthesis (PADS) computer program has a two-fold purpose. It can size launch vehicles in conjunction with calculus-of-variations optimal trajectories and can also be used as a general-purpose branched trajectory optimization program. In the former use, it has the Space Shuttle Synthesis Program as well as a simplified stage weight module for optimally sizing manned recoverable launch vehicles. For trajectory optimization alone or with sizing, PADS has two trajectory modules. The first trajectory module uses the method of steepest descent; the second employs the method of quasilinearization, which requires a starting solution from the first trajectory module. For Volume 1 see N73-13199.

1972-01-01

187

WINDOW 4. 0: Program description. A PC program for analyzing the thermal performance of fenestration products  

SciTech Connect

WINDOW 4.0 is a publicly available IBM PC compatible computer program developed by the Windows and Daylighting Group at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory for calculating total window thermal performance indices (e.g. U-values, solar heat gain coefficients, shading coefficients, and visible transmittances). WINDOW 4.0 provides a versatile heat transfer analysis method consistent with the rating procedure developed by the National Fenestration Rating Council (NFRC). The program can be used to design and develop new products, to rate and compare performance characteristics of all types of window products, to assist educators in teaching heat transfer through windows, and to help public officials in developing building energy codes. WINDOW 4.0 is a major revision to WINDOW 3.1 and we strongly urge all users to read this manual before using the program. Users who need professional assistance with the WINDOW 4.0 program or other window performance simulation issues are encouraged to contact one or more of the NFRC-accredited Simulation Laboratories. A list of these accredited simulation professionals is available from the NFRC.

Not Available

1992-03-01

188

Global climate change response program: Program description and research plan. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the document is to describe the Bureau of Reclamation's Global Climate Change Response Program and to document the research plan that guides the selection of future global climate change projects. The document is intended for internal Bureau of Reclamation use; however, the document can serve useful purposes in coordination of research with other agencies and organizations. The

Schuster

1991-01-01

189

FAQ: Blood Donation and Organ Transplant  

MedlinePLUS

... Nile Virus Share Compartir FAQ: Blood Donation & Organ Transplant Can I get infected with West Nile virus ... get West Nile virus infection after having a transplant? The risk of a transplant patient getting very ...

190

Ebola Donations Slow to Reach West Africa  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Ebola Donations Slow to Reach West Africa Just 40 ... Preidt Wednesday, February 4, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Pages Ebola International Health WEDNEDAY, Feb. 4, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- ...

191

Questions and Answers on Living Donation  

MedlinePLUS

... team about any pre-existing condition or other factors that may put you at a higher risk of developing kidney disease, and consider this carefully before making a decision about donation. There have been some cases in ...

192

Why do People Vote for Charitable Donations?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This experimental study tests which of the following two explanations of why people vote for charitable donations is behaviorally more relevant. According to the low-cost theory, people trade-off a \\

Jean-Robert Tyran

193

Donation of municipal open space in Texas  

E-print Network

Sources of Open Space Donations . Incentives for Open Space Donations- Review of the Literature Objectives Delimitations of the Study Organization of the Remainder of the Thesis CHAPTER II STATEMENT OF PROCEDURE Population Identification Survey... involved com- paring open space holdings of park and recreation depart- ments, as of their date of organization, and on December 31, 1972, to the N. R. P. A. (1966) Standard of 10 acres/1000 population, in order to examine their progress towards...

Buzzingham, Donald

1978-01-01

194

Engaging diverse populations about biospecimen donation for cancer research.  

PubMed

Clinical research increasingly relies upon the availability of appropriate genetic materials; however, the proportion of biospecimens from racial/ethnic minority patients and healthy controls are underrepresented, which preclude equitable research across all patient groups for cancer treatment. National Cancer Institute-funded Community Network Program Centers in California, Florida, and New York collaborated with local community partners to conduct three independent formative research studies with diverse (African American, Asian American, Hispanic, and White) participants to explore their knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about biobanking, and their experiences with the donation of biospecimens. Our findings demonstrated similarities in overall low knowledge and understanding about the use of biospecimens for research. This was exacerbated for non-English speakers. Racial and ethnic groups differed with regard to a number of factors that are obstacles for participation, e.g., continuing medical mistrust (African Americans), lack of benefit (Hispanics), apprehension about the physical toll of donating (Vietnamese), usage of biospecimen for research (Hmong and Chinese), and suspicion of exploitation by corporate entities (Whites). However, participants uniformly reported general interest and willingness to participate in biobanking for altruistic purposes, particularly to benefit future generations. This interest was framed with a strong admonition that donations should be accompanied by transparency about study sponsorship and ownership, distribution and use of biospecimens, and study information that fit participants' backgrounds and experiences. This cross-cultural regional analysis offers significant insights into the similarities and variations in opinions and perceptions about biobanking and the collection of biospecimens for use in cancer research. PMID:24664489

Dang, Julie H T; Rodriguez, Elisa M; Luque, John S; Erwin, Deborah O; Meade, Cathy D; Chen, Moon S

2014-10-01

195

Unspecified kidney donation--a review of principles, practice and potential.  

PubMed

Unspecified kidney donation is an emerging resource to bridge the gap between supply and demand of kidneys for transplantation. However, uncertainty remains among both the transplantation community and lay public with regard to the intention, motivation, and legitimacy of such donors. Even within programs that use unspecified kidney donors, there is a lack of consensus regarding how to optimize the potential of the gifted kidney (and indirectly potentiate the altruistic benefit for the donor). Despite emerging guidance on how to work up unspecified donors, centers have adopted individualized unspecified donor pathways with regards to assessment, evaluation, and use. There are a variety of models for unspecified kidney donation, ranging from donation directly to deceased-donor waiting lists to benefit one recipient or chain transplantations occurring simultaneously (domino-paired donation) or nonsimultaneously (extended altruistic donor chains) to benefit many. After a brief exploration on the basis of altruism, this review will discuss the assessment, evaluation, and reported outcomes associated with unspecified kidney donation. It will also critique current utilization models and highlight some unresolved controversies. The aim is to highlight the principles, practice, and potential of unspecified kidney donation to bridge the current disparate international practice. PMID:23778567

Sharif, Adnan

2013-06-27

196

Assessing families' and patients' attitudes toward brain donation for research purposes in a Brazilian population sample.  

PubMed

The neuropathological examination of postmortem human brain tissue is an essential resource for the definitive diagnosis and research on neurodegenerative diseases. Due to the growing need of donated brains to supply the Brain Banks, the understanding of the factors associated with the consent for the donation in our context is an important aspect of the process of brain donation. The verbal answers and the donation consent rate were evaluated in three groups: 30 relatives of patients who underwent verification of the cause of death, 14 patients assisted at a neurology ambulatory outpatient clinic, and 18 patients' relatives. The donation consent rates were of 46.6, 92.8 and 88.8 %, respectively. The main reasons for refusal were the disagreement with the autopsy, philosophical and religious issues, objections from other family members, and the consideration of the wishes of the deceased. The consent was specially motivated by the interest in the advances of scientific knowledge, altruistic reasons and the personal experiences with the disease. Factors as the emotional fragility at the moment of death, the beliefs, family matters, and the lack of knowledge are key elements in the donation process. Future goals include the establishment of a brain donor program with the support of academic institutions, hospitals, scientists, community, patient's associations and autopsy assistants. Approaching patients and relatives in specialized ambulatories clinic during assistance is probably the most efficient mean of obtaining brains for research. PMID:25098349

Fonseca, M K; Rodrigues-Neto, E; Costa, A S R; Rockembach, M A B C; Padilha, R S; Fernandez, L L; Oliveira, F H; Garcia, L P; Hilbig, A

2014-08-01

197

Performance Analysis and Design Synthesis (PADS) computer program. Volume 2: Program description, part 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The QL module of the Performance Analysis and Design Synthesis (PADS) computer program is described. Execution of this module is initiated when and if subroutine PADSI calls subroutine GROPE. Subroutine GROPE controls the high level logical flow of the QL module. The purpose of the module is to determine a trajectory that satisfies the necessary variational conditions for optimal performance. The module achieves this by solving a nonlinear multi-point boundary value problem. The numerical method employed is described. It is an iterative technique that converges quadratically when it does converge. The three basic steps of the module are: (1) initialization, (2) iteration, and (3) culmination. For Volume 1 see N73-13199.

1972-01-01

198

Conflicting attitudes to corneal and organ donation: a study of nurses' attitudes to organ donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The demand for transplantable organs and tissues is steadily increasing and action is necessary to improve the organ and tissue donation rates. Previous research has suggested that nurses have a substantial influence on the rates of donation in the clinical area. Nurses (N = 150) were asked to complete a number of measures to assess positive and negative attitudes towards

Bridie Kent; R. Glynn Owens

1995-01-01

199

Ocean Margins Program: Closure on the global carbon cycle. Program description  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy`s Ocean Margins Program (OMP) is designed to quantitatively assess the importance of coastal ocean systems in the global carbon cycle. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, human energy-related activities have dramatically altered the global carbon cycle, and consequently, this cycle is not presently in a steady-state. To reduce major uncertainties in predicting future global environmental quality, it is imperative to understand the sources and sinks of atmospheric CO{sub 2}, the role of anthropogenic activities in disrupting the natural carbon cycle, and the effects of, and feedbacks between, these activities and the natural carbon cycle. Due to continuously increased loading of nutrients to the margins, which, globally, is related to the rate of human population growth and high population densities in coastal states, biological carbon fixation has been stimulated. Depending on the fate of the fixed carbon, this stimulation has the potential to mitigate the anthropogenically derived Co{sub 2}. Determining the factors that control the magnitude of carbon exchanges between the ocean margins and the atmosphere, and the subsequent fate of this carbon, is crucial to predicting the strength and capacity of the oceans to absorb excess anthropogenic atmospheric CO{sub 2}. The goals of the OMP are to: quantify the ecological and biogeochemical processes and mechanisms that define the cycling, flux, and storage of carbon and other biogenic elements at the land/ocean interface; identify how ocean-margin sources and sinks of carbon change in response to human activities; and determine whether continental shelves are quantitatively significant in removing atmospheric carbon dioxide and isolating it via burial in sediments or export to the interior of the open ocean.

Riches, M.R.

1994-08-01

200

Alternative Programs in Public Secondary Schools in Greater Cleveland: A Descriptive Study. [Summary Report; Detailed Study, Sections 1-9].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The puposes of the study are: (1) to provide a description of alternative programs within public high schools, (2) to compile a written history of these programs, (3) to provide information necessary to compare innovations in alternative schools within and without public school systems, and (4) to collect and disseminate information about…

Wertheim, Sally H.; And Others

201

Organ donation knowledge, willingness, and beliefs of motor vehicle clerks.  

PubMed

Motor vehicle (MV) clerks are at the epicenter of organ donor registration. We show that MV clerks (n = 225) in two northeastern states have knowledge gaps and negative beliefs about organ donation. A majority believe it may be possible to buy organs on the black market (81%) and that recovery from brain death is possible (65%), whereas nearly half believe that doctors might not work as hard to save the life of a registered donor (46%). Organ procurement organizations should conduct formal educational programming with MV staff, considering their prominent role in the donor registration process. PMID:25222015

Rodrigue, James R; Fleishman, Aaron; Fitzpatrick, Sean; Boger, Matthew

2014-11-27

202

Legal briefing: organ donation and allocation.  

PubMed

This issue's "Legal Briefing" column covers legal developments pertaining to organ donation and allocation. This topic has been the subject of recent articles in JCE. Organ donation and allocation have also recently been the subjects of significant public policy attention. In the past several months, legislatures and regulatory agencies across the United States and across the world have changed, or considered changing, the methods for procuring and distributing human organs for transplantation. Currently, in the U.S., more than 100,000 persons are waiting for organ transplantation. In China, more than 1.5 million people are waiting. Given the chronic shortage of available organs (especially kidneys and livers) relative to demand, the primary focus of most legal developments has been on increasing the rate of donation. These and related developments are usefully divided into the following 12 topical categories: 1. Revised Uniform Anatomical Gift Act. 2. Presumed Consent and Opt-Out. 3. Mandated Choice. 4. Donation after Cardiac Death. 5. Payment and Compensation. 6. Donation by Prisoners. 7. Donor Registries. 8. Public Education. 9. Other Procurement Initiatives. 10. Lawsuits and Liability. 11. Trafficking and Tourism. 12. Allocation and Distribution. PMID:21089996

Pope, Thaddeus Mason

2010-01-01

203

Fixed-bed gasification research using US coals. Volume 1. Program and facility description  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Interior, Bureau of Mines, Twin Cities Research Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota is the site of a 6.5 foot diameter Wellman-Galusha gasifier, installed in 1977-1978. This gasifier, combustor/incinerator, and flue gas scrubber system in the past had been operated jointly by Bureau of Mines personnel, personnel from member companies of the Mining and Industrial Fuel Gas Group, and United States Department of Energy personnel-consultants. Numerous tests using a variety of coals have to date been performed. In May of 1982, Black, Sivalls and Bryson, Incorporated (BS and B) was awarded the contract to plan, execute, and report gasification test performance data from this small industrial fixed-bed gasification test facility. BS and B is responsible for program administration, test planning, test execution, and all documentation of program activities and test reports. The University of Minnesota, Particle Technology Laboratory (UMPTL) is subcontractor to BS and B to monitor process parameters, and provide analysis for material inputs and outputs. This report is the initial volume in a series of reports describing the fixed-bed gasification of US coals at the Bureau of Mines, Twin Cities Research Center. A history of the program is given in Section 1 and a thorough description of the facility in Section 2. The operation of the facility is described in Section 3. Monitoring systems and procedures are described in Sections 4 and 5. Data reduction tools are outlined in Section 6. There is no executive summary or conclusions as this volume serves only to describe the research program. Subsequent volumes will detail each gasification test and other pertinent results of the gasification program. 32 references, 23 figures, 15 tables.

Thimsen, D.; Maurer, R.E.; Poole, A.R.; Pui, D.; Liu, B.; Kittleson, D.

1984-10-01

204

HZETRN: Description of a free-space ion and nucleon transport and shielding computer program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The high-charge-and energy (HZE) transport computer program HZETRN is developed to address the problems of free-space radiation transport and shielding. The HZETRN program is intended specifically for the design engineer who is interested in obtaining fast and accurate dosimetric information for the design and construction of space modules and devices. The program is based on a one-dimensional space-marching formulation of the Boltzmann transport equation with a straight-ahead approximation. The effect of the long-range Coulomb force and electron interaction is treated as a continuous slowing-down process. Atomic (electronic) stopping power coefficients with energies above a few A MeV are calculated by using Bethe's theory including Bragg's rule, Ziegler's shell corrections, and effective charge. Nuclear absorption cross sections are obtained from fits to quantum calculations and total cross sections are obtained with a Ramsauer formalism. Nuclear fragmentation cross sections are calculated with a semiempirical abrasion-ablation fragmentation model. The relation of the final computer code to the Boltzmann equation is discussed in the context of simplifying assumptions. A detailed description of the flow of the computer code, input requirements, sample output, and compatibility requirements for non-VAX platforms are provided.

Wilson, John W.; Badavi, Francis F.; Cucinotta, Francis A.; Shinn, Judy L.; Badhwar, Gautam D.; Silberberg, R.; Tsao, C. H.; Townsend, Lawrence W.; Tripathi, Ram K.

1995-01-01

205

ORGAN DONATION BY SUICIDES: SEX AND ETHNICITY.  

PubMed

Summary.-An analysis of 2,034 actual organ donations by suicides for the years 2008-2010 indicated that women were more likely to be donors than were men and Blacks more likely to donate than were Whites. The sex difference was consistent with the responses of men and women to surveys of the general public about their willingness to become organ donors, but the ethnic difference was the reverse of the responses to surveys of the general public about their willingness to be organ donors. Future research should explore the role of the responses, positive vs negative toward organ donation, of the significant others of those dying from different causes of death, and the extent to which people have signed donor cards. PMID:25457096

Lester, David; Hathaway, Dominique

2014-12-01

206

PROGRAM GOAL AND DESCRIPTION A major goal of this HHMI supported program is to engage high school students and science teachers in  

E-print Network

PROGRAM GOAL AND DESCRIPTION A major goal of this HHMI supported program is to engage high school.fullerton.edu). Pairs of students (together with a high school science teacher) will be expected to work full time (at is learned in the laboratory can be applied to high school science learning. FACULTY RESEARCH PROJECTS A list

de Lijser, Peter

207

Assisting professionals in approaching families for donation.  

PubMed

This article identifies potential barriers that nurses and other health care professionals face when approaching families to offer the option of organ and tissue donation. Issues that are examined include personal feelings regarding dying, death, and organ donation; unclear roles for nurses and other health care personnel; nonsupportive institutions or physicians; difficulty in explaining brain death to families; fear of intruding during grief; lack of knowledge; and the need for support. Strategies are suggested to help nurses and other professionals to overcome these obstacles. PMID:7866892

Lindsay, K K

1995-02-01

208

Incentives for organ donation: pros and cons.  

PubMed

Altruism still remains the main principle of organ donation worldwide. However, since the current practices has not met the demand for organs, new strategies should be found to encourage organ donation. Implementation of financial incentives in transplantation is a matter of debate among experts in the fields of transplantation, ethics, law, and economics. It should be acknowledged that donors incur many expenses while participating in the transplant process, which seems unfair. Various forms of incentives have been suggested and are currently used worldwide. This article describes current attitudes toward incentives for in transplantation used in different countries, arguing in favor as well as against them. PMID:22841275

Chkhotua, A

2012-01-01

209

Plutonium immobilization project development and testing technical project office quality assurance program description  

SciTech Connect

The Plutonium Immobilization Project (PIP) is one of several fissile materials disposition projects managed by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fissile Materials Disposition (OFMD). The PIP is expected to evolve from the current Development and Testing (D and T) effort, to design, to construction, and finally to operations. Overall management and technical management of the D and T effort resides at the Lead Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), through the LLNL Manager, Fissile Materials Disposition Program (FMDP). Day to day project activities are managed by the D and T Technical Project Office (TPO), which reports to the LLNL Manager, FMDP. The D and T TPO consists of the Technical Manager, the TPO Quality Assurance (QA) Program Manager, and TPO Planning and Support Staff. This Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) defines the QA policies and controls that will be implemented by these TPO personnel in their management of D and T activities. This QAPD is consistent with and responsive to the Department of Energy Fissile Materials Disposition Program Quality Assurance Requirements Document (FMDP QARD). As the Project and upper level requirement's documents evolve, this QAPD will be updated as necessary to accurately define and describe the QA Program and Management of the PIP. The TPO has a policy that all development and testing activities be planned, performed and assessed in accordance with its customer's requirements, needs and expectations, and with a commitment to excellence and continuous improvement. The TPO QAPD describes implementation requirements which, when completed, will ensure that the project development and testing activities conform to the appropriate QA requirements. For the program to be effective, the TPO QA Program Manager will ensure that each site participating in D and T activities has developed a QAPD, which meets the customer's requirements, and has a designated quality leader in place. These customer requirements, needs, and expectations are defined in the FMDP QARD. Compliance with the TPO QAPD and procedures will ensure that our D and T deliverables meet the high standards of quality expected by the Department of Energy.

Gould, T H; MacLean, L M; Ziemba, J M

1999-07-08

210

Blood Donation by Cancer Survivors  

MedlinePLUS

... Statistics News About Cancer Expert Voices Blog Programs & Services Breast Cancer Support TLC Hair Loss & Mastectomy Products Hope Lodge® Lodging Rides To Treatment Online Support Communities WhatNext ACS Events Making Strides Against ...

211

75 FR 17843 - National Donate Life Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...most difficult of circumstances through organ, tissue, stem cell, and blood donation. During National Donate Life Month...forces to boost the number of organ, tissue, blood, and stem cell donors throughout our Nation. [[Page 17844

2010-04-07

212

Attitudes towards blood donation in Trinidad and Tobago.  

PubMed

The aims of this study were to determine the factors that influence blood donation in different demographic groups in a multi-ethnic, multicultural community, and to devise a strategy for a national campaign to increase voluntary non-remunerated blood donations. The majority (87%) of blood donations in Trinidad and Tobago are replacement donations. Seventy per cent of the country's transfusion needs are not met. In 1998, the World Health Assembly recommended that reliance on replacement donations should be phased out due to their association with an increased risk of transfusion-transmitted infections. An observer-administered questionnaire was completed by 1423 respondents in a multi-ethnic borough in central Trinidad. Respondents were classified as donors or non-donors and grouped by age, race, religion, employment status and highest level of education. The prevalence of a history of blood donation and the factors that encouraged donation or conversely discouraged donation in each demographic group were recorded. A total of 1146 (81.2%) respondents had never donated blood. Of the 277 (18.8%) who had previously donated, replacement for a family member or friend was the most common reason (86.9%). The prevalence of donation was low in all racial, religious, gender, educational and age groups. However, there were significant demographic variations. The majority (71.3%) of non-donors cited a lack of information as a major reason for non-donation and expressed a willingness to donate if access to information and donation facilities were improved. Voluntary blood donation in Trinidad and Tobago could be greatly increased by a national education campaign and increased accessibility to donation centres. This would ensure a safer and more reliable blood supply. PMID:17430463

Sampath, S; Ramsaran, V; Parasram, S; Mohammed, S; Latchman, S; Khunja, R; Budhoo, D; Poon King, C; Charles, K S

2007-04-01

213

The Path to a $300-Million Donation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first time Edward A. Snyder, dean of the University of Chicago's graduate business school, asked David G. Booth to donate money to name something on the campus, Mr. Booth said no. Five years later, the University's Graduate School of Business is named the University of Chicago Booth School of Business, after Mr. Booth gave what is valued as a…

Masterson, Kathryn

2008-01-01

214

Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) SAO Donation Application  

E-print Network

follow-up information and to request additional gifts at some future date. 3. The intended use systems. All back-up tapes are stored in a locked area with limited controlled access. Paper files1 Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) SAO Donation Application I. System Identification 1. IT System

Mathis, Wayne N.

215

Blood Donation by Elderly Repeat Blood Donors  

PubMed Central

Summary Background Upper age limits for blood donors are intended to protect elderly blood donors from donor reactions. However, due to a lack of data about adverse reactions in elderly blood donors, upper age limits are arbitrary and vary considerably between different countries. Methods Here we present data from 171,231 voluntary repeat whole blood donors beyond the age of 68 years. Results Blood donations from repeat blood donors beyond the age of 68 years increased from 2,114 in 2005 to 38,432 in 2012 (from 0,2% to 4.2% of all whole blood donations). Adverse donor reactions in repeat donors decreased with age and were lower than in the whole group (0.26%), even in donors older than 71 years (0.16%). However, from the age of 68 years, the time to complete recovery after donor reactions increased. Donor deferrals were highest in young blood donors (21.4%), but increased again in elderly blood donors beyond 71 years (12.6%). Conclusion Blood donation by regular repeat blood donors older than 71 years may be safely continued. However, due to a lack of data for donors older than 75 years, blood donation in these donors should be handled with great caution. PMID:25254019

Zeiler, Thomas; Lander-Kox, Jutta; Alt, Timo

2014-01-01

216

78 FR 76728 - Charitable Donation Accounts  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...to fund a charitable donation account (CDA), which may hold investments that are...incidental powers activity, the rule requires a CDA to be primarily charitable in nature. Any...benefitting the FCU must be incidental to the CDA's primary charitable purpose. The...

2013-12-19

217

78 FR 57539 - Charitable Donation Accounts  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...to fund a charitable donation account (CDA), a hybrid charitable and investment vehicle...circumstances, an FCU is authorized to fund a CDA, which may hold investments that are impermissible...The purpose of permitting an FCU to fund a CDA as an incidental power is to help...

2013-09-19

218

An Exploratory Study of Relational, Persuasive, and Nonverbal Communication in Requests for Tissue Donation  

PubMed Central

This study explores the effects of tissue requesters’ relational, persuasive, and nonverbal communication on families’ final donation decisions. One thousand sixteen (N=1,016) requests for tissue donation were audiotaped and analyzed using the Siminoff Communication Content and Affect Program, a computer application specifically designed to code and assist with the quantitative analysis of communication data. This study supports the important role of communication strategies in health-related decision making. Families were more likely to consent to tissue donation when confirmational messages (e.g., messages that expressed validation or acceptance) or persuasive tactics such as credibility, altruism, or esteem were used during donation discussions. Consent was also more likely when family members exhibited nonverbal immediacy or disclosed private information about themselves or the patient. The results of a hierarchical log-linear regression revealed that the use of relational communication during requests directly predicted family consent. The results provide information about surrogate decision making in end-of-life situations and may be used to guide future practice in obtaining family consent to tissue donation. PMID:21512935

SIMINOFF, LAURA A.; TRAINO, HEATHER M.; GORDON, NAHIDA H.

2011-01-01

219

Body Donations in India: Social Awareness, Willingness, and Associated Factors  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article extends the body of literature evaluating the general public and medical educator populations in regards to knowledge of whole body donation and willingness to donate. Statistics about the different populations awareness, willingness and knowledge are reported. Suggestions on how to increase body donations are discussed.

2012-01-25

220

FDA's MSM Blood Donation Policy: Did You Know??  

E-print Network

FDA's MSM Blood Donation Policy: Did You Know?? Permanent ban on any male who has had sex NOT support the FDA's current MSM blood donation policy. The time it takes to test for HIV with the Nucleic, Japan, Italy, Spain, France and Sweden are countries that have all modified their blood donation

Khan, Javed I.

221

Blood Donation and Transfusion: A Primer for Health Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a primer for health educators about blood donation and transfusion, examining the nature of human blood, the background of blood transfusion, blood donation criteria, risks related to homologous blood transfusion, directed blood donation, potential alternatives to homologous transfusion, and resources for education on the subject. (SM)

Felts, W. Michael; Glascoff, Mary A.

1991-01-01

222

Soliciting of donations to support the Cheiron School 2013  

E-print Network

accounts shown below. (3) Post mail application form Fill out the separately provided application form this through the online application form when making your donation with a credit card payment or when applying through September 30, 2013 4. To deposit a donation Donations may be made by credit card payment, online

Gruen, Sonja

223

March 25, 2011 Acceptance of donations for the Tohoku Earthquake  

E-print Network

March 25, 2011 Acceptance of donations for the Tohoku Earthquake Director, Headquarters for Disaster Countermeasures Junichi Hamada Donations for relief of victims of the Tohoku Earthquake of the March 11 Tohoku Earthquake. Donations will be sent to the affected area through the local governments

Miyashita, Yasushi

224

Experiences of the families concerning organ donation of a family member with brain death  

PubMed Central

Background: In recent years, the lack of organ for transplantation has resulted in health planners and authorities in all countries, including Iran, paying serious attention to the issue. Despite the above-mentioned fact, families with a member affected by brain death are not interested in organ donation. Objective: This study is aimed at making an investigation into the decision-making process of organ donation in families with brain death. Also, the research is aimed at investigating how the deterrent and facilitating factors in the process of organ donation can be made. Materials and Methods: The current research is a qualitative study with descriptive exploratory approach. Data were collected through unstructured interviews with 10 family members who gave consent to organ donation of their family members in 2012. Purposeful sampling processes began in March 2012 and lasted up to June 2012. Simultaneously, thematic approach was used in analyzing the data. Results: Data analysis led to finding 24 categories and 11 themes, which fell into two categories: facilitating and deterrent factors. The five main deterrent themes included the five themes of prohibiting factors that were shock, hope for recovery, unknown process, and conflict of opinions, and worrying association. The six main facilitating themes included humanistic desires, immortality, culture making, satisfaction of the deceased, assurance, and eternal honor. Conclusion: The findings indicated that there is ambiguity and different interpretations on brain death. The research also showed that using the experiences of donator families can provide practical and applied solutions to facilitate the process of organ donation and solve the problems faced by the health care system. PMID:24949074

Yousefi, Hojatollah; Roshani, Asieh; Nazari, Fatemeh

2014-01-01

225

Does financial compensation for living kidney donation change willingness to donate?  

PubMed

The potential use of financial compensation to increase living kidney donation rates remains controversial in potentially introducing undue inducement of vulnerable populations to donate. This cross-sectional study assessed amounts of financial compensation that would generate motivation and an undue inducement to donate to family/friends or strangers. Individuals leaving six Departments of Motor Vehicles were surveyed. Of the 210 participants who provided verbal consent (94% participation rate), respondents' willingness to donate would not change (70%), or would increase (29%) with compensation. Median lowest amounts of financial compensation for which participants would begin to consider donating a kidney were $5000 for family/friends, and $10?000 for strangers; respondents reporting $0 for family/friends (52%) or strangers (26%) were excluded from analysis. Median lowest amounts of financial compensation for which participants could no longer decline (perceive an undue inducement) were $50?000 for family/friends, and $100?000 for strangers; respondents reporting $0 for family/friends (44%) or strangers (23%) were excluded from analysis. The two most preferred forms of compensation included: direct payment of money (61%) and paid leave (21%). The two most preferred uses of compensation included: paying off debt (38%) and paying nonmedical expenses associated with the transplant (29%). Findings suggest tolerance for, but little practical impact of, financial compensation. Certain compensation amounts could motivate the public to donate without being perceived as an undue inducement. PMID:25425398

Gordon, E J; Patel, C H; Sohn, M-W; Hippen, B; Sherman, L A

2015-01-01

226

U.S.-MEXICO BORDER PROGRAM ARIZONA BORDER STUDY--DESCRIPTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Descriptive Questionnaire data set provides demographic information about each of the households and indicates the primary respondent within each residence. The information is from 249 Descriptive Questionnaires for 249 households. The database contains only a portion of th...

227

Donor motivations, associated risks and ethical considerations of oocyte donation.  

PubMed

Three decades after the first reported successful cases, oocyte donation continues to grow in popularity and regard as an established method to aid women in achieving their reproductive goals. As a result of the increased demand for donated oocytes, many young women in the U.S. volunteer to undergo complex medical procedures to donate their oocytes in return for financial compensation. To best care for these women before, during and after donation, it is important to explore donor characteristics and motivations, discuss the safety of the donation procedure and examine the ethical issues related to this process. PMID:24750650

Boutelle, Amy L

2014-01-01

228

Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Program Includes the description of NSF 's Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists  

E-print Network

Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Program Includes the description of NSF 's Presidential the absence of the need for such plans. FastLane will not permit submission of a proposal that is missing. Please be advised that if required, FastLane will not permit submission of a proposal that is missing

McQuade, D. Tyler

229

Urban Profiles in Prevention: A Descriptive Summary of Prevention Programs in Urban School Districts in the Western Region.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes 18 drug use prevention progams in metropolitan urban school districts in the following seven western states: (1) California; (2) Hawaii; (3) Idaho; (4) Montana; (5) Nevada; (6) Oregon; and (7) Washington. Each description outlines the level of commitment of each urban district, abilities within each program to collaborate…

Western Center for Drug-Free Schools and Communities.

230

The Milwaukee Parental Choice Program: Descriptive Report on Participating Schools, 2009-2010. SCDP Miwaukee Evaluation. Report #27  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the fourth in a series of annual reports produced by the School Choice Demonstration Project (SCDP) that provides descriptive information about the schools participating in the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program (MPCP). A total of 115 schools participated in the MPCP for the entire 2009-10 academic year, with 20,899 students enrolled…

Kisida, Brian; Jensen, Laura I.; Wolf, Patrick J.

2011-01-01

231

HIGHWAY 3. 1: An enhanced HIGHWAY routing model: Program description, methodology, and revised user's manual  

SciTech Connect

The HIGHWAY program provides a flexible tool for predicting highway routes for transporting radioactive materials in the United States. The HIGHWAY data base is essentially a computerized road atlas that currently describes over 240,000 miles of highways. Complete descriptions of all Interstate System and most US highways (except those that parallel a nearby Interstate highway) are included in the data base. Many of the principal state highways and a number of local and county highways are also identified. The data base also includes locations of nuclear facilities and major airports. Several different types of routes may be calculated, depending on a set of user-supplied constraints. Routes are calculated by minimizing the total impedance between the origin and the destination. Basically, the impedance is defined as a function of distance and driving time along a particular highway segment. Several routing constraints can be imposed during the calculations. One of the special features of the HIGHWAY model is its ability to calculate routes that maximize use of Interstate System highways. This feature allows the user to predict routes for shipments of radioactive materials that conform to the US Department of Transportation routing regulations. Other features of the model include the ability to predict routes that bypass a specific state, city, town, or highway segment. Two special features have been incorporated in HIGHWAY, version 3.1. The first is the ability to automatically calculate alternative routes. Frequently, there are a number of routes between the source and destination that vary slightly in distance and estimated driving time. The HIGHWAY program offers a selection of different but nearly equal routes. The second special feature is the capability to calculate route-specific population density statistics. The population density distribution is calculated for each highway segment in the route and is reported on a state-by-state basis.

Johnson, P.E.; Joy, D.S. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Clarke, D.B.; Jacobi, J.M. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Transportation Center)

1993-03-01

232

Acceptability and Feasibility of a Culturally Tailored Internet-Delivered Intervention to Promote Blood Donation in Blacks.  

PubMed

Introduction. A pilot test of a computer-tailored intervention designed to promote blood donation among Blacks was conducted. Method. Intervention content, based on the transtheoretical model, offered participants individually and culturally tailored information on blood donation with emphasis on need specific to race (e.g., sickle-cell disease). Black adults (N = 150) with a diversity of blood donation experience were recruited from a blood center and a survey recruitment website. Posttest assessment included a 14-item evaluation and transtheoretical model questions. Results. Participants rated the program positively (81.3% to 98.7% of participants agreeing or strongly agreeing with evaluation items). For example, 98.7% of respondents reported that the program gave sound advice and that personal feedback was easily understood, and 87.3% felt the program was designed for people like themselves. Ninety-five percent of participants reported that they would recommend the program to others. There were no significant differences in ratings based on demographics. Qualitative responses support program acceptability. Furthermore, pre- and postprogram assessments indicated an increase in intention to donate, t(149) = 3.56, p = .001, d = .29. Discussion. With acceptability and feasibility confirmed, the next steps are to test efficacy and cost-effectiveness for use to increase blood donation, particularly in priority populations. PMID:24801019

Robbins, Mark L; Paiva, Andrea L; Amoyal, Nicole R; Brick, Leslie; Kessler, Debra A; Burditt, Caitlin; Caltabiano, Melinda; Shaz, Beth H

2014-05-01

233

Sonic Hedgehog Genetic Abnormalities and Tissue Donations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this case study about a baby born with the genetic condition holoprosencephaly, students explore the “Sonic hedgehog” gene, signal transduction, and the ethics of body and tissue donation. The assignment involves students writing an informed consent document that explains the science behind this congenital abnormality. Designed for an upper-level undergraduate biology course, the case could also be used in a cell biology, developmental biology, neurobiology, or other related upper-level course.

Yaich, Lauren E.

2001-01-01

234

Repetitive oocyte donation: a committee opinion.  

PubMed

This Committee Opinion concludes that donors be advised of the number of cycles/donations that a given oocyte donor may undergo. Although existing data cannot permit conclusive recommendations, a concern for the issues of the safety and well-being of oocyte donors warrants consideration. This document replaces the document of the same name, previously published in 2008 (Fertil Steril 2008; 90:S194-5). PMID:25064399

2014-10-01

235

Upon completion, all forms should be mailed back to the UC Davis Body Donation Program at the address above. Please be sure to make a copy of these forms for your  

E-print Network

(also known as willed body or anatomical materials program) hereafter referred to as "PROGRAM" operates practitioners, anatomists, forensic scientists, and mortuary technicians; and (2) biomedical, forensic

Leistikow, Bruce N.

236

Rethinking the moral permissibility of gamete donation.  

PubMed

The dominant philosophical view of gamete donation as morally permissible (when practiced in the right way) rests on two premises: (1) parental obligations are triggered primarily by playing a causal role (as agent cause) in procreation, not by genetic ties, and (2) those obligations are transferable-that is, they are obligations to make adequate provision for the child's needs, not necessarily to raise the child oneself. Thus while gamete donors are indeed agent causes of the children that their donation helps to bring into existence, most think that donors' obligations are discharged insofar as they know that competent others intend to care for those children. In this article, I call into question this dominant view by challenging both of its premises. Challenging the first premise, I argue that genetic parenthood is what primarily triggers parental obligations. Challenging the second premise, I claim that those obligations are non-transferable-i.e., that they are obligations not simply to ensure that someone will raise one's genetic child, but to raise that child oneself (unless one is incompetent). The implication of my argument is that gamete donation is inherently wrong insofar as it involves acquiring non-transferable obligations that one has no intention of fulfilling. PMID:25359235

Moschella, Melissa

2014-12-01

237

Can donated media placements reach intended audiences?  

PubMed

Donated media placements for public service announcements (PSAs) can be difficult to secure, and may not always reach intended audiences. Strategies used by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Screen for Life: National Colorectal Cancer Action Campaign (SFL) to obtain donated media placements include producing a diverse mix of high-quality PSAs, co-branding with state and tribal health agencies, securing celebrity involvement, monitoring media trends to identify new distribution opportunities, and strategically timing the release of PSAs. To investigate open-ended recall of PSAs promoting colorectal cancer screening, CDC conducted 12 focus groups in three U.S. cities with men and women either nearing age 50 years, when screening is recommended to begin, or aged 50-75 years who were not in compliance with screening guidelines. In most focus groups, multiple participants recalled exposure to PSAs promoting colorectal cancer screening, and most of these individuals reported having seen SFL PSAs on television, in transit stations, or on the sides of public buses. Some participants reported exposure to SFL PSAs without prompting from the moderator, as they explained how they learned about the disease. Several participants reported learning key campaign messages from PSAs, including that colorectal cancer screening should begin at age 50 years and screening can find polyps so they can be removed before becoming cancerous. Donated media placements can reach and educate mass audiences, including millions of U.S. adults who have not been screened appropriately for colorectal cancer. PMID:23720533

Cooper, Crystale Purvis; Gelb, Cynthia A; Chu, Jennifer; Polonec, Lindsey

2013-09-01

238

The trend of body donation for education based on Korean social and religious culture.  

PubMed

Until a century ago, Korean medicine was based mainly on Oriental philosophies and ideas. From a religious perspective, Chinese Confucianism was prevalent in Korea at that time. Since Confucianists believe that it is against one's filial duty to harm his or her body, given to them by their parents, most Koreans did not donate their bodies or organs for education in the past. However, by the end of the 20th century, a unique fusion of Western and Oriental medicines were produced on the Korean Peninsula, revolutionizing traditional perspectives on the human body, mortality, and the relationship of medical science to society. Koreans began to think about others' lives as well as their own by realizing the importance of donating one's organs and bodies for scientific purposes. Since then, the number of people donating their bodies to Korean medical and dental schools for the purpose of improving academic learning has increased dramatically. In response, Korean medical schools have begun to hold various types of funeral ceremonies to honor body donors. We have compared such ceremonies performed in Korea with those performed in the United States of America and Taiwan. These ceremonies are viewed as a suitable way to pay proper respect to the dead and to promote knowledge about body donation programs in Korea. Overall, the transition of religions and social ethics in Korea has greatly facilitated body bequeathal programs, benefiting both medical education and the Korean public health administration. PMID:21265035

Park, Jong-Tae; Jang, Yoonsun; Park, Min Sun; Pae, Calvin; Park, Jinyi; Hu, Kyung-Seok; Park, Jin-Seo; Han, Seung-Ho; Koh, Ki-Seok; Kim, Hee-Jin

2011-01-01

239

A Bereavement Support Program for Survivors of Cancer Deaths: A Description and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes bereavement support program for survivors of cancer deaths developed by Riverdale Hospital in Toronto, Ontario. Presents detailed program evaluation which asked bereaved survivors who were program participants for one year to evaluate program aspects and facilitation of their grief by volunteers. Recommendations for expansion and…

Souter, Susan J.; Moore, Timothy E.

1990-01-01

240

Calculation of inviscid surface streamlines and heat transfer on shuttle type configurations. Part 2: Description of computer program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A description of the computer program used for heating rate calculation for blunt bodies in hypersonic flow is given. The main program and each subprogram are described by defining the pertinent symbols involved and presenting a detailed flow diagram and complete computer program listing. Input and output parameters are discussed in detail. Listings are given for the computation of heating rates on (1) a blunted 15 deg half-angle cone at 20 deg incidence and Mach 10.6, (2) a blunted 70 deg slab delta wing at 10 deg incidence and Mach 8, and (3) the HL-10 lifting body at 20 deg incidence and Mach 10. In addition, the computer program output for two streamlines on the blunted 15 deg half-angle cone is listed. For Part 1, see N71-36186.

Dejarnette, F. R.; Jones, M. H.

1971-01-01

241

The diffusion of the distance Entomology Master's Degree Program at the University of Nebraska Lincoln: A descriptive case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study explored three selected phases of Rogers' (1995) Diffusion of Innovations Theory to examine the diffusion process of the distance Entomology Master's Degree program at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln. A qualitative descriptive case study approach incorporated semi-structured interviews with individuals involved in one or more of the three stages: Development, Implementation, and Institutionalization. Documents and archival evidence were used to triangulate findings. This research analyzed descriptions of the program as it moved from the Development, to the Implementation, and finally, the Institutionalization stages of diffusion. Each respective stage was examined through open and axial coding. Process coding identified themes common to two or more diffusion stages, and explored the evolution of themes from one diffusion stage to the next. At a time of significant budget constraints, many departments were faced with the possibility of merger or dissolution. The Entomology Master's Degree Program evolved from being an entrepreneurial means to prevent departmental dissolution to eventually being viewed as a model for the development of similar programs across this university and other institutions of higher education. During this evolution, the program was reinvented to meet the broader needs of industry and a global student market. One finding not consistent with Rogers' model was that smaller, rather than larger, departmental size contributed to the success of the program. Within this small department, faculty members were able to share their experiences and knowledge with each other on a regular basis, which promoted greater acceptance of the distance program. How quality and rigor may be defined and measured was a key issue in each respective stage. In this specific case, quality and rigor was initially a comparison of on-campus and distance course content and then moved to program-based assessment and measures of student outcomes such as job placement rates.

Hubbell, Jody M.

242

Attitudes and beliefs about organ donation among different racial groups.  

PubMed Central

Many people on the waiting list for organ donation die each year without receiving organs. The shortage of organs is even more pronounced in minority communities. Despite the fact that minorities are at higher risk, they may be less likely to support or consent to organ donation. This investigation was undertaken to study racial factors in organ donation, by focusing on differences in awareness, attitudes, and behavior. Three family practice centers in the Bronx with racially diverse but socioeconomically homogenous communities were studied. The study population consisted of a convenience sample of 163 patients who were approached for participation while they waited to see a doctor. Respondents filled out a 25-item survey that measured demographic information; their exposure to, awareness of, and attitudes toward organ donation; and whether they had signed an organ donor card. The results demonstrated overwhelming support for organ donation across all racial groups. Racial differences were found on awareness of and attitudes toward organ donation, and in the signing of organ donation cards. In contrast to other studies, racial minorities were not less likely than whites to support organ donation. These results suggest that making it easier for racial minorities to obtain organ donor cards could increase their rates of consenting to donate organs. PMID:9473924

Yuen, C. C.; Burton, W.; Chiraseveenuprapund, P.; Elmore, E.; Wong, S.; Ozuah, P.; Mulvihill, M.

1998-01-01

243

Altruism and reward: motivational compatibility in deceased organ donation.  

PubMed

Acts of helping others are often based on mixed motivations. Based on this claim, it has been argued that the use of a financial reward to incentivize organ donation is compatible with promoting altruism in organ donation. In its report Human Bodies: Donation for Medicine and Research, the Nuffield Council on Bioethics uses this argument to justify its suggestion to pilot a funeral payment scheme to incentivize people to register for deceased organ donation in the UK. In this article, I cast a sceptical eye on the above Nuffield report's argument that its proposed funeral payment scheme would prompt deceased organ donations that remain altruistic (as defined by and valued the report). Specifically, I illustrate how this scheme may prompt various forms of mixed motivations which would not satisfy the report's definition of altruism. Insofar as the scheme produces an expectation of the reward, it stands diametrical to promoting an 'altruistic perspective'. My minimal goal in this article is to argue that altruism is not motivationally compatible with reward as an incentive for donation. My broader goal is to argue that if a financial reward is used to incentivize organ donation, then we should recognize that the donation system is no longer aiming to promote altruism. Rewarded donation would not be altruistic but it may be ethical given a persistent organ shortage situation. PMID:24547770

Voo, Teck Chuan

2015-03-01

244

Financial compensation for deceased organ donation in China.  

PubMed

In March 2010, China launched a pilot programme of deceased donor organ donation in 10 provinces and cities. However, the deceased donor donation rate in China remains significantly lower than in Spain and other Western countries. In order to provide incentive for deceased donor organ donation, five pilot provinces and cities have subsequently launched a financial compensation policy. Financial compensation can be considered to include two main forms, the 'thank you' form and the 'help' form. The 'thank you' form is an expression of gratitude on behalf of the Red Cross Society of China for consenting to donation. The 'help' form is social welfare support for needy families. PMID:23322684

Wu, Xiaoliang; Fang, Qiang

2013-06-01

245

Organ donation: a twin-based perspective.  

PubMed

Monozygotic cotwins are ideal organ donors for one another due to their genetic identity. The present report treats this topic differently, from the perspective of a monozygotic twin who donated her deceased twin sister's organs following her sister's untimely death. This discussion is followed by reviews of recent research concerning increased twinning rates in the United States, availability of informative kinship pedigrees, and twin discordance for physical activities. Noteworthy news items include ethical issues surrounding conjoined twin separation, a genomic discovery for diseased twins, China's One-Child Policy, a striking New Yorker Magazine cartoon, and twin delivery complications. PMID:22856360

Segal, Nancy L

2012-04-01

246

Donating in good faith or getting into trouble Religion and organ donation revisited  

PubMed Central

There is worldwide shortage of organs for solid-organ transplantation. Many obstacles to deceased and live donation have been described and addressed, such as lack of understanding of the medical process, the issue of the definition of brain death, public awareness of the need for transplants, and many others. However, it is clear that the striking differences in deceased and live donation rates between different countries are only partly explained by these factors and many cultural and social reasons have been invoked to explain these observations. We believe that one obstacle to both deceased and live donation that is less well appreciated is that of religious concerns. Looking at the major faiths and religions worldwide, it is reassuring to see that most of them encourage donation. However, there is also scepticism amongst some of them, often relating to the concept of brain death and/or the processes surrounding death itself. It is worthwhile for transplant teams to be broadly aware of the issues and also to be mindful of resources for counselling. We believe that increased awareness of these issues within the transplant community will enable us to discuss these openly with patients, if they so wish. PMID:24175198

Oliver, Mike; Ahmed, Aimun; Woywodt, Alexander

2012-01-01

247

Donating in good faith or getting into trouble Religion and organ donation revisited.  

PubMed

There is worldwide shortage of organs for solid-organ transplantation. Many obstacles to deceased and live donation have been described and addressed, such as lack of understanding of the medical process, the issue of the definition of brain death, public awareness of the need for transplants, and many others. However, it is clear that the striking differences in deceased and live donation rates between different countries are only partly explained by these factors and many cultural and social reasons have been invoked to explain these observations. We believe that one obstacle to both deceased and live donation that is less well appreciated is that of religious concerns. Looking at the major faiths and religions worldwide, it is reassuring to see that most of them encourage donation. However, there is also scepticism amongst some of them, often relating to the concept of brain death and/or the processes surrounding death itself. It is worthwhile for transplant teams to be broadly aware of the issues and also to be mindful of resources for counselling. We believe that increased awareness of these issues within the transplant community will enable us to discuss these openly with patients, if they so wish. PMID:24175198

Oliver, Mike; Ahmed, Aimun; Woywodt, Alexander

2012-10-24

248

EXPLORE: Helping Students Discover a World of Possibilities. A Content Description of ACT's EXPLORE Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

EXPLORE is an every-student program that assesses the academic progress of eighth graders, helps them explore the wide range of career options, and assists them in developing a high school coursework plan. EXPLORE can function as a stand-alone program or as a point of entry into the American College Testing (ACT) Program's Educational Planning and…

American Coll. Testing Program, Iowa City, IA.

249

Descriptive outcomes of the american lung association of ohio hypnotherapy smoking cessation program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypnosis smoking cessation treatment is one type of program available to smokers. This paper describes a large randomly selected sample from such a program, which has not been previously reported. During 1997, 2,810 smokers participated in single-session, group hypnotherapy smoking cessation programs sponsored by the American Lung Association of Ohio. A randomly selected sample of 452 participants completed telephone interviews

Karen Ahijevych; Ruth Yerardl; Nancy Nedilsky

2000-01-01

250

Autologous blood donation in total hip replacement.  

PubMed

The effectiveness of autologous blood donation in reducing the need for homologous transfusion was evaluated in a review of 529 consecutive total hip replacements (THR) from 1988 to 1992. The review was retrospective from 1988 to 1990 and prospective from 1991 to 1992. Since 1988 there have been 188 primary THR performed using autologous blood donation. In 1988-89, this represented 18% of all primary THR, in 1990 37% and in 1991-92 73%. This increase reflects a growing enthusiasm for the programme and a loosening of age restrictions. In 1991-92, 4% of autologous donors undergoing primary THR required homologous transfusions compared to 84% of non-autologous donors. Over the same period after revision THR, 36% of autologous donors required homologous transfusions compared to 100% of non-autologous donors. The participation rate of patients undergoing revision THR was 33%. The prospective part of the study in 1991-92 compared autologous and matched non-autologous patients. Blood loss, transfusion volumes and operating time were identical. The pre- and postoperative haemoglobin concentrations in the autologous group were lower by 15 and 10 g/L, respectively, after primary THR and by 10 g/L in both instances after revision THR. This was not reflected in a longer admission. PMID:7818416

Sharland, M G; Holman, P R

1995-01-01

251

Exercise in clinical cancer care: a call to action and program development description  

PubMed Central

A large and convincing body of evidence demonstrates the benefits of exercise for cancer survivors during and after treatment. Based on that literature, more cancer survivors should be offered exercise support and programming. Unfortunately, exercise programs remain an exception rather than the norm in cancer care. Not surprisingly, common barriers to the implementation of exercise programs in oncology include limited resources, expertise, and awareness of benefits on the part of patients and clinicians. To improve the accessibility and cost-effectiveness of cancer exercise programs, one proposed strategy is to combine the resources of hospital and community-based programs with home-based exercise instruction. The present paper highlights current literature regarding exercise programming for cancer survivors, describes the development of an exercise program for cancer patients in Toronto, Canada, and offers experiential insights into the integration of exercise into oncologic care. PMID:22670103

Santa Mina, D.; Alibhai, S.M.H.; Matthew, A.G.; Guglietti, C.L.; Steele, J.; Trachtenberg, J.; Ritvo, P.G.

2012-01-01

252

An Incentive Program for Nurse Aides Implementation Report: Description and Evaluation. Illinois Long Term Care Research and Demonstration Projects Series. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined a nursing aide recognition program in a nursing home with 50 nurses and 200 nurse aides. Before the program was implemented, baseline data on job satisfaction were gathered with a questionnaire. A one-page description of the program and an evaluation tool were distributed to the nurse aides at their information sessions. Nurse…

Sinke, Mary

253

Factors useful in predicting the success of oocyte donation: a 3-year retrospective analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To establish prognostic relevance of parameters assessed in oocyte donation cycles.Design: Retrospective analysis.Setting: Large university-based donor oocyte program.Patient(s): All oocyte recipient cycles achieving embryo transfer from September 1995 to October 1998.Intervention(s): None.Main Outcome Measure(s): Pregnancy.Result(s): Recipient age and reproductive status, day 9 and 12 serum estradiol (E2) levels and a progesterone (P) level obtained 2 days after initiation of

Nicole Noyes; Brittany Starr Hampton; Alan Berkeley; Frederick Licciardi; James Grifo; Lewis Krey

2001-01-01

254

A Computer-Assisted Instruction Program on How To Use a Library Card Catalog: Description, Program, and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The computer program described is written in BASIC and, although it was developed for use at Slippery Rock State College, it could be adapted easily for other libraries using Library of Congress classification and cataloging rules. The program uses simple sequences of instructions and explanations followed by questions. Branching is employed to…

Wood, Richard J.

255

41 CFR 102-42.125 - How is donation of gifts or decorations accomplished?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false How is donation of gifts or decorations accomplished? 102-42.125...42-UTILIZATION, DONATION, AND DISPOSAL OF FOREIGN GIFTS AND DECORATIONS Donation of Foreign Gifts and Decorations § 102-42.125 How is...

2010-07-01

256

41 CFR 102-42.120 - When may gifts or decorations be donated to State agencies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When may gifts or decorations be donated to State agencies...42-UTILIZATION, DONATION, AND DISPOSAL OF FOREIGN GIFTS AND DECORATIONS Donation of Foreign Gifts and Decorations § 102-42.120 When...

2010-07-01

257

42 CFR 410.55 - Services related to kidney donations: Conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Services related to kidney donations: Conditions. 410.55 ...Services § 410.55 Services related to kidney donations: Conditions. Medicare...that are furnished in connection with a kidney donation— (a) If the kidney...

2013-10-01

258

42 CFR 410.55 - Services related to kidney donations: Conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Services related to kidney donations: Conditions. 410.55 ...Services § 410.55 Services related to kidney donations: Conditions. Medicare...that are furnished in connection with a kidney donation— (a) If the kidney...

2012-10-01

259

31 CFR 597.511 - In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services. 597...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...in-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...

2012-07-01

260

31 CFR 595.513 - In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services. 595...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services. ...in-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...

2012-07-01

261

31 CFR 594.515 - In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services. 594...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services. ...in-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...

2012-07-01

262

31 CFR 595.513 - In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services. 595...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services. ...in-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...

2014-07-01

263

31 CFR 595.513 - In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services. 595...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services. ...in-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...

2013-07-01

264

31 CFR 594.515 - In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services. 594...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services. ...in-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...

2014-07-01

265

31 CFR 594.515 - In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services. 594...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services. ...in-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...

2013-07-01

266

31 CFR 597.511 - In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services. 597...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...in-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...

2014-07-01

267

31 CFR 597.511 - In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services. 597...In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...in-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...

2013-07-01

268

42 CFR 410.55 - Services related to kidney donations: Conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Services related to kidney donations: Conditions. 410.55 ...Services § 410.55 Services related to kidney donations: Conditions. Medicare...that are furnished in connection with a kidney donation— (a) If the kidney...

2014-10-01

269

7 CFR 250.14 - Warehousing, distribution and storage of donated foods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Warehousing, distribution and storage of donated foods. 250...GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION DONATION OF FOODS FOR USE IN THE...Provisions § 250.14 Warehousing, distribution and storage of donated foods....

2013-01-01

270

7 CFR 250.14 - Warehousing, distribution and storage of donated foods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Warehousing, distribution and storage of donated foods. 250...GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION DONATION OF FOODS FOR USE IN THE...Provisions § 250.14 Warehousing, distribution and storage of donated foods....

2010-01-01

271

7 CFR 250.14 - Warehousing, distribution and storage of donated foods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Warehousing, distribution and storage of donated foods. 250...GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION DONATION OF FOODS FOR USE IN THE...Provisions § 250.14 Warehousing, distribution and storage of donated foods....

2014-01-01

272

Requesting organ donation: The case of self-efficacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the major reasons for the shortage of donor organs is the high number of refusals by relatives. Studies have shown that the quality of communication with bereaved relatives influences whether to object or agree to organ and\\/or tissue donation. Breaking news of brain stem death, approaching relatives for permission to donate organs while also appropriately managing emotional reactions

G. A. Blok; J. Morton; M. Morley; C. C. J. M. Kerckhoffs; G. Kootstra

2005-01-01

273

The Perioperative Nurse and the Organ Donation Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most OR nurses whether veteran or novice have had some exposure to organ donation; however, few are aware of what occurs outside of the surgical setting. This article provides an overview of the entire donation process, from the hours before the procedure to the steps needed for successful recovery. Particular attention is given to the care of the donor family

Kathleen T. Lilly; Vernon L. Langley

1999-01-01

274

Voluntary Body Donation: The Gift that Lives on Forever  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Body donation is a gracious act, Shankarcharaya firmly believed in concept of Body Donation or Organ Donation and said Iddham sharirum paropakarum i.e. the body is for use of others and death is not the end, it is the beginning. Anatomy is important basic subject for medicalstudents, both U.G. & P.G. Best method of Anatomy learning is by dissection on human cadavers, which remains principle teaching tool. Human cadavers for purpose of study are a scarcity with mushrooming of medical institutions in this country. Unclaimed bodies are no more origin of cadavers. Whole Body donation is the need of the hour. A Voluntary Body Donation is defined as the act of giving oneís Body after death for Medical research and education. In this article a survey was done in S.V.S. Medical & Dental Colleges Faculty members and medical exhibition visitors which include lawyers, engineers, teachers and others during the year of 2010. The body donation including organ donation and various factors such as age, religion, culture and donorís attitude are discussed. Body donation provides the students and medical researchers with unparalleled opportunities to study the human body. Computers nor books cannot totally replace body dissection in learning the anatomy.

Saritha, S.; Rao, M. Vittoo; Sumangala; Supriya, G.; Kumar, Praveen

2012-10-01

275

76 FR 18631 - National Donate Life Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...on an important opportunity to aid others--bestowing the gift of life through organ and tissue donation. More than 110...donor. I encourage all Americans to say yes to donation by giving blood regularly and joining their State-based donor...

2011-04-05

276

Center for Civic Engagement -Fact Sheet #12 "Free" Donations Websites  

E-print Network

Center for Civic Engagement - Fact Sheet #12 "Free" Donations Websites Updated February 2010 cats, primates, (environmental) The Hunger Site ­ www.thehungersite.com -click to donate free food Site ­ www.theanimalrescuesite.com -feed an animal Center for Civic Engagement -- Fact Sheet #12

Suzuki, Masatsugu

277

SAVE A LIFE...DONATE BLOOD!! STANFORD BLOOD CENTER  

E-print Network

SAVE A LIFE...DONATE BLOOD!! STANFORD BLOOD CENTER SLAC Blood Drive Wednesday, August 23rd 8:00am-INS WELCOME! Requirements for Donating Blood: · Must be at least 17 years of age · Must weigh at least 110

Wechsler, Risa H.

278

A Secure Electronic Payment Scheme for Charity Donations  

E-print Network

A Secure Electronic Payment Scheme for Charity Donations Mansour A. Al-Meaither and Chris J. Mitchell Information Security Group, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey, TW20 0EX, United. In this paper we investigate the business need for an internet charity donation scheme, identify the security

Mitchell, Chris

279

Brain donation is one of the most important contributions to  

E-print Network

01-19-09 Brain donation is one of the most important contributions to research. Brain donations 200 brain tissue samples to researchers. Some of the major findings that came about through utilization of this precious gift include: In 2006, Todd Preuss and his team showed that certain brain

Contractor, Anis

280

Brain donation is one of the most important contributions to  

E-print Network

01-19-09 Brain donation is one of the most important contributions to research. As researchers work to better understand disorders that affect mental function with aging, brain donations are essential to their progress. By studying the anatomy, pathology, and chemistry of the brains of people with memory problems

Contractor, Anis

281

Directed organ donation: is the donor the owner?  

PubMed Central

The issue of directed donation of organs from deceased donors for transplantation has recently risen to the fore, given greater significance by the relatively stagnant rate of deceased donor donation in the UK. Although its status and legitimacy is explicitly recognized across the USA, elsewhere a more cautious, if not entirely negative, stance has been taken. In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, the Human Tissue Act 2004, and in Scotland the Human Tissue (Scotland) Act 2006, are both silent in this regard. Although so-called conditional donation, donation to (or perhaps withheld from) a specific class, has been outlawed as a product of guidance issued by the Secretary of State for Health issued in the wake of the controversial incident occurring in the North of England in 1998, its intended application to ‘directed’ donation is less certain. Directed and conditional donations challenge the traditional construct of altruistic donation and impartial (equitable) allocation in a very immediate and striking fashion. They implicitly raise important questions as to whether the body or parts of the body are capable of being owned, and by whom. This paper attempts to explore the notion of donor ownership of body parts and its implications for both directed and conditional donation. PMID:20890462

Cronin, Antonia J; Price, David

2010-01-01

282

Ooplasmic donation in humans The potential for epigenic modifications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ooplasm donation, wherein ooplasm is transferred from a donor oocyte to a recipient oocyte in an effort to increase embryo viability, has been applied in the human, with resulting pregnancies and births. Neither the safety nor efficacy of this method has been adequately investigated. Mitochondrial heteroplasmy in the blood of children conceived using ooplasm donation has recently been described. A

Susan M. Hawes; Carmen Sapienza; Keith E. Latham

2002-01-01

283

77 FR 20495 - National Donate Life Month, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ending this unacceptable loss of life. I encourage every American...of Americans choose to donate life, our Nation continues to face...April 2012 as National Donate Life Month. I call upon health care...faith-based and community groups, and private organizations to join...

2012-04-05

284

78 FR 20217 - National Donate Life Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...another. During National Donate Life Month, we renew the call for...thousands of patients from getting life-saving care. Let us mark...April 2013 as National Donate Life Month. I call upon health care...faith-based and community groups, and private organizations to join...

2013-04-04

285

The Basic Structure of Community Early Intervention Programs for Children with Autism: Provider Descriptions  

PubMed Central

Autism researchers have identified a set of common effective practice elements for early intervention (EI) (e.g., intensive programming). The current study examined the reported about use of common elements of effective interventions in community EI settings. Eighty EI providers reported about their programs. The majority of participants reported using common effective elements, however, the depth and quality of the use of these elements was highly variable. Taking community program structure into account in future research will facilitate the development of methodologies, which immediately fit into the context of community programming rather than requiring program adaptation for use in the real world. Recommendations for using current community program structure to improve use of evidence-based practices are discussed. PMID:17086438

Stahmer, Aubyn C.

2007-01-01

286

Preschool Preposition Test and Classroom Behavior Description: Eighth Grade Follow-Up of Head Start Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Head Start children tested at 4 years of age on the Preschool Preposition Test (PPT) and the Classroom Behavior Description checklist (CBD) were assessed for academic achievement and scholastic aptitude at the third- and eighth-grade levels. The PPT is a receptive language test which examines the comprehension of verbal directions by using spatial…

Aaronson, May; And Others

287

A Descriptive Profile of Physical Education Teachers and Programs in Atlantic Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to investigate the extent to which quality physical education is currently being taught in Atlantic Canada. We used survey methods to generate descriptive data indicating: (a) the backgrounds of those who teach physical education and (b) what is being taught in physical education. Our findings suggest physical…

Randall, Lynn; Robinson, Daniel Bruce; Fletcher, Tim

2014-01-01

288

EDAC Test Collection Catalogue: A Description of Tests for Use in Bilingual Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The descriptions of 200 tests for a variety of language groups are designed for use with the test file maintained by the Evaluation, Dissemination, and Assessment Center for Bilingual Education (EDAC). The content areas covered include reading, mathematics, self-concept, language dominance, language proficiency, and intelligence. Tests are…

Wolfsfeld, Lynn

289

GEODYN operations description, volume 3. [computer program for estimation of orbit and geodetic parameters  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The operating and set-up procedures for the multi-satellite, multi-arc GEODYN- Orbit Determination program are described. All system output is analyzed. The GEODYN Program is the nucleus of the entire GEODYN system. It is a definitive orbit and geodetic parameter estimation program capable of simultaneously processing observations from multiple arcs of multiple satellites. GEODYN has two modes of operation: (1) the data reduction mode and (2) the orbit generation mode.

Martin, T. V.; Mullins, N. E.

1972-01-01

290

Oklahoma's Pilot Early Childhood Program Birth Through Three Years: Description, Evaluation, and Policy Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the initiation of a statewide public-private partnership to expand and enhance services for infants, toddlers, and their families. It presents information regarding the initiation and implementation of the project; the program requirements, including those for professional development; and the design of a three-phase program evaluation. Preliminary results from the first two phases of the evaluation are presented

Diane M. Horm; Carla B. Goble; Michelle Boatright; Cindy G. Decker; Nichol Noble; Deborah J. Norris

2009-01-01

291

Baylor SBIRT Medical Residency Training Program: Model Description and Initial Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Baylor College of Medicine SBIRT Medical Residency Training Program is a multilevel project that trains residents and faculty in evidenced-based screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) methods for alcohol and substance use problems. This paper describes the training program and provides initial evaluation after the…

Bray, James H.; Kowalchuk, Alicia; Waters, Vicki; Laufman, Larry; Shilling, Elizabeth H.

2012-01-01

292

Descriptive Assessment of Exercise Program on Fitness and Correlates of Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess health-related fitness, physical activity correlates, and completion of a half-marathon using a 3-day training program in a college community. Methods: 26 volunteers participated in a 20-week, half-marathon training program. Results: All participants completed the half-marathon. Positive changes in health-related fitness and…

Lanier, Angela Baldwin; Jackson, Erica Marie; Azar-Dickens, John; Anderson, Brock; Briggs, Meredith

2012-01-01

293

The "Stay Alive from Education" (SAFE) Program: Description and Preliminary Pilot Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and tests the Stay Alive from Education (SAFE) program, a one-hour behavior modification program that informs students of the dangers associated with driving under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol and not wearing seat belts. Quantitative data seem to suggest that students may change their driving behaviors due to the influence of…

Wilkins, Tamara Tucker

2000-01-01

294

TMAP\\/Mod 1: Tritium Migration Analysis Program code description and user's manual  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Tritium Migration Analysis Program (TMAP) has been developed by the Fusion Safety Program of EG and G Idaho, Inc., at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) as a safety analysis code to analyze tritium loss from fusion systems during normal operation and under accident conditions. TMAP is a one-dimensional code that determines tritium movement and inventories in a system

B. J. Merrill; J. L. Jones; D. F. Holland

1986-01-01

295

Learning Through Survival: An Approach to Foreign Language Teaching. A Program Description and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A foreign travel program for eighth grade French language students from Shoreham, New York was developed to provide language speaking practice in Quebec, Canada. The program was designed to allow students to spend as much time as possible speaking the language and interacting with the people. The following "survival through speaking" activities…

Travers, Claudia S.; Reilly, Joseph T. M.

296

On the impacts of traditional Chinese culture on organ donation.  

PubMed

This article examines the impact of traditional Chinese culture on organ donation from the perspective of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism. In each of these cultural systems, it appears that there are some particular sayings or remarks that are often taken in modern Chinese society to be contrary to organ donation, especially cadaveric organ donation. However, this article argues that the central concerns of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism are "great love," "ren," and "dao," which can be reasonably interpreted to support organ donation. The author understands that each cultural system, in order to play its cultural function, must have its central concerns as well as relevant ritual practices (li) that incarnate its religious and ethical commitments. That is, each plays a general cultural role, which influences organ donation in particular not merely through abstract or general ethical principles and teachings, but through a combination of ethical teachings and the forming of particular ritual practices. This article contends that the primary reason Chinese individuals fail to donate sufficient cadaveric organs for transplantation is not because particular remarks or sayings from each of these systems appear to conflict with donation. Neither is it that the central concerns of these systems cannot support cadaveric donation. Rather, it is that modern Chinese individuals have failed to develop and secure relevant ritual practices that support the central concerns of organ transplantation. The article concludes that in order to promote more donations, there is a need to form relevant ritual practices supporting organ donation in conformity with the central concerns of these cultural systems. PMID:23449366

Cai, Yu

2013-04-01

297

A Confirmatory Analysis of the Organ Donation Readiness Index: Measuring the Potential for Organ Donations among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for transplant exceeds the number of available organs. Antigen compatible organs are particularly scarce for African Americans because of their proportionately lower rate of donations. This study presents a measure of organ donation readiness. Examination of the factor structure and a test of weak invariance were conducted on…

Rice, Christopher; Tamburlin, Judith

2004-01-01

298

Organ Donation on Web 2.0: Content and Audience Analysis of Organ Donation Videos on YouTube  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the content of and audience response to organ donation videos on YouTube, a Web 2.0 platform, with framing theory. Positive frames were identified in both video content and audience comments. Analysis revealed a reciprocity relationship between media frames and audience frames. Videos covered content categories such as kidney, liver, organ donation registration process, and youth. Videos were

Yan Tian

2010-01-01

299

Gulf Coast geopressured-geothermal program summary report compilation. Volume 2-A: Resource description, program history, wells tested, university and company based research, site restoration  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy established a geopressured-geothermal energy program in the mid 1970`s as one response to America`s need to develop alternate energy resources in view of the increasing dependence on imported fossil fuel energy. This program continued for 17 years and approximately two hundred million dollars were expended for various types of research and well testing to thoroughly investigate this alternative energy source. This volume describes the following studies: Geopressured-geothermal resource description; Resource origin and sediment type; Gulf Coast resource extent; Resource estimates; Project history; Authorizing legislation; Program objectives; Perceived constraints; Program activities and structure; Well testing; Program management; Program cost summary; Funding history; Resource characterization; Wells of opportunity; Edna Delcambre No. 1 well; Edna Delcambre well recompletion; Fairfax Foster Sutter No. 2 well; Beulah Simon No. 2 well; P.E. Girouard No. 1 well; Prairie Canal No. 1 well; Crown Zellerbach No. 2 well; Alice C. Plantation No. 2 well; Tenneco Fee N No. 1 well; Pauline Kraft No. 1 well; Saldana well No. 2; G.M. Koelemay well No. 1; Willis Hulin No. 1 well; Investigations of other wells of opportunity; Clovis A. Kennedy No. 1 well; Watkins-Miller No. 1 well; Lucien J. Richard et al No. 1 well; and the C and K-Frank A. Godchaux, III, well No. 1.

John, C.J.; Maciasz, G.; Harder, B.J.

1998-06-01

300

The benchmark aeroelastic models program: Description and highlights of initial results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An experimental effort was implemented in aeroelasticity called the Benchmark Models Program. The primary purpose of this program is to provide the necessary data to evaluate computational fluid dynamic codes for aeroelastic analysis. It also focuses on increasing the understanding of the physics of unsteady flows and providing data for empirical design. An overview is given of this program and some results obtained in the initial tests are highlighted. The tests that were completed include measurement of unsteady pressures during flutter of rigid wing with a NACA 0012 airfoil section and dynamic response measurements of a flexible rectangular wing with a thick circular arc airfoil undergoing shock boundary layer oscillations.

Bennett, Robert M.; Eckstrom, Clinton V.; Rivera, Jose A., Jr.; Dansberry, Bryan E.; Farmer, Moses G.; Durham, Michael H.

1991-01-01

301

The benchmark aeroelastic models program: Description and highlights of initial results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An experimental effort was implemented in aeroelasticity called the Benchmark Models Program. The primary purpose of this program is to provide the necessary data to evaluate computational fluid dynamic codes for aeroelastic analysis. It also focuses on increasing the understanding of the physics of unsteady flows and providing data for empirical design. An overview is given of this program and some results obtained in the initial tests are highlighted. The tests that were completed include measurement of unsteady pressures during flutter of a rigid wing with an NACA 0012 airfoil section and dynamic response measurements of a flexible rectangular wing with a thick circular arc airfoil undergoing shock boundary layer oscillations.

Bennett, Robert M.; Eckstrom, Clinton V.; Rivera, Jose A., Jr.; Dansberry, Bryan E.; Farmer, Moses G.; Durham, Michael H.

1992-01-01

302

GEODYN system description, volume 1. [computer program for estimation of orbit and geodetic parameters  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computer program for the estimation of orbit and geodetic parameters is presented. The areas in which the program is operational are defined. The specific uses of the program are given as: (1) determination of definitive orbits, (2) tracking instrument calibration, (3) satellite operational predictions, and (4) geodetic parameter estimation. The relationship between the various elements in the solution of the orbit and geodetic parameter estimation problem is analyzed. The solution of the problems corresponds to the orbit generation mode in the first case and to the data reduction mode in the second case.

Chin, M. M.; Goad, C. C.; Martin, T. V.

1972-01-01

303

10 CFR Appendix A to Part 605 - The Energy Research Program Office Descriptions  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...numerical methods, information analysis techniques...experimental systems to study the...models and analysis of thermal...nuclear reactor system. (f) Used...for specific information on how to access...9. Program Analysis The...

2010-01-01

304

System description and operating guide for DSAS illumination and moon conflict programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The DSAS Illumination and Moon Conflict programs are described which during an orbit when the DSAS (Digital Solar Aspect Sensor) will record the direct rays of the sun, and the periods of time when the horizon scanners will come in conflict with the moon. The DSAS Illumination Program makes use of an orbit tape (or epoch time and orbital elements) in addition to an ephemeris tape containing positions of the sun and moon. The Moon Conflict Program makes use of the same ephemeris tape with sun and moon positions, but uses only epoch time and orbital elements for the satellite positions. These programs were designed for the TIROS or ITOS series spacecraft but may be utilized by any spacecraft with similar sensors.

Dunker, S. C.

1973-01-01

305

Plutonium Immobilization Project, Project Office Quality Assurance Program Description Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

''The quality assurance activity involves the establishment and implementation of the Quality Assurance Program and the development of a Quality Assurance Plan and Procedures. Quality Assurance provides the plans, procedures and controls that are required for repository acceptance and the immobilization plant licensing and design activities.'' The Plutonium Immobilization Project (PIP) has a policy that all development, testing and operational activities be planned and performed in accordance with its customer's needs and expectations, and with a commitment to excellence and continuous improvement. The Immobilization Development and Testing (D&T) Quality Assurance Program establishes implementation requirements which, when completed, will ensure that the program development and test activities conform to the appropriate QA requirements. In order for the program to be effective, a designated quality lead must be in place at the Project Office and each participating site.

Kan, T.

1998-04-30

306

WINDOW 4.0: Program description. A PC program for analyzing the thermal performance of fenestration products  

SciTech Connect

WINDOW 4.0 is a publicly available IBM PC compatible computer program developed by the Windows and Daylighting Group at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory for calculating total window thermal performance indices (e.g. U-values, solar heat gain coefficients, shading coefficients, and visible transmittances). WINDOW 4.0 provides a versatile heat transfer analysis method consistent with the rating procedure developed by the National Fenestration Rating Council (NFRC). The program can be used to design and develop new products, to rate and compare performance characteristics of all types of window products, to assist educators in teaching heat transfer through windows, and to help public officials in developing building energy codes. WINDOW 4.0 is a major revision to WINDOW 3.1 and we strongly urge all users to read this manual before using the program. Users who need professional assistance with the WINDOW 4.0 program or other window performance simulation issues are encouraged to contact one or more of the NFRC-accredited Simulation Laboratories. A list of these accredited simulation professionals is available from the NFRC.

Not Available

1992-03-01

307

A Descriptive Study of Athletic Training Education Programs Based on Findings on CAATE Standard H and Program Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is limited research that describes the evaluation procedures utilized by Athletic Training Education Programs (ATEP). The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the process the CAATE member institutions use to assess outcome-based standards in Standard H. This research used a cross-sectional study design. A survey link…

Golly, Heather Louise

2011-01-01

308

Teacher Induction Programs in Agricultural Education: Description of the Role of AAAE Higher Education Teacher Preparation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to report findings from a survey of AAAE-member colleges and universities' involvement in professional induction activities of agricultural education teachers. The basis for this research comes from five teacher induction program goals proposed by Johnston and Kay (1987) that serve as a context for presenting the data.…

Franklin, Edward A.; Molina, Quintin F.

2012-01-01

309

Functional process descriptions for the program to develop the Nuclear Waste Management System  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) is executing a plan for improvement of the systems implemented to carry out its responsibilities under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA). As part of the plan, OCRWM is performing a systems engineering analysis of both the physical system, i.e., the Nuclear Waste Management System (NWMS), and the programmatic functions that must be accomplished to bring the physical system into being. The purpose of the program analysis is to provide a systematic identification and definition of all program functions, functional process flows, and function products necessary and sufficient to provide the physical system. The analysis resulting from this approach provides a basis for development of a comprehensive and integrated set of policies, standard practices, and procedures for the effective and efficient execution of the program. Thus, this analysis will form a basis for revising current OCRWM policies and procedures, or developing new ones is necessary. The primary purposes of this report are as follows: (1) summarizes the major functional processes and process flows that have been developed as a part of the program analysis, and (2) provide an introduction and assistance in understanding the detailed analysis information contained in the three volume report titled The Analysis of the Program to Develop the Nuclear Waste Management System (Woods 1991a).

Woods, T.W.

1991-09-01

310

[Organ donation after brain death due to child abuse].  

PubMed

More than 40 percent of deaths from child abuse occur among children younger than 5 years. The injury pattern in child abuse is block abuse head trauma which in the most severe cases produces brain death. Organ donation is uncommon in children younger than five years. We describe two cases of child abuse that caused brain death; subsequently they were subsidiary for organ donation. It is very important to establish a good coordination between health, social care and legal assistance teams to obtain organ donation. PMID:25622174

Del Villar-Guerra, Pablo; Rey Galán, Corsino; Vivanco Allende, Ana; Medina Villanueva, Alberto

2015-01-01

311

Continuing Care in High Schools: A Descriptive Study of Recovery High School Programs  

PubMed Central

Data from 17 recovery high schools suggest programs are dynamic and vary in enrollment, fiscal stability, governance, staffing, and organizational structure. Schools struggle with enrollment, funding, lack of primary treatment accessibility, academic rigor, and institutional support. Still, for adolescents having received treatment for substance abuse, recovery schools appear to successfully function as continuing care providers reinforcing and sustaining therapeutic benefits gained from treatment. Small size and therapeutic programming allow for a potentially broader continuum of services than currently exists in most of the schools. Recovery schools thus provide a useful design for continuing care warranting further study and policy support. PMID:24591808

Finch, Andrew J.; Moberg, D. Paul; Krupp, Amanda Lawton

2014-01-01

312

The Beech Hill Hospital Eating Disorders Treatment Program for Drug Dependent Females: program description and case analysis.  

PubMed

The association of eating disorders and substance abuse has increasingly been noted among chemically dependent women. Without diagnosis and focused interventions around the disordered eating, female substance abusers are vulnerable to chemical relapse and continued out of control eating. This paper describes an eating disorder treatment program for drug-dependent females during the inpatient phase of chemical dependency treatment. The interrelationship and need to treat both addiction and eating disorder at the beginning of early sobriety is emphasized. PMID:8246322

Sutherland, L A; Weaver, S N; McPeake, J D; Quimby, C D

1993-01-01

313

Skylab S191, S192 program descriptions. [earth radiation data analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software developed to assist in assessing and analyzing earth radiation data obtained from Skylab S191 and S192 experiments are described. A block data generation routine is included along with a plot program for the S191 experiment. Changes in format from that of the original JSC tapes are discussed.

Mack, M.

1976-01-01

314

Description and Evaluation of a Hearing Conservation Program in Use in a Professional Symphony Orchestra.  

PubMed

Professional orchestral musicians risk permanent hearing loss while playing their instruments. Protecting the hearing of these musicians in the workplace is critical to their ongoing ability to play their instruments, but typical workplace hearing conservation measures can have very damaging effects on the product (music) and the musicians' abilities to hear one another sufficiently. To enable effective intervention, orchestras as employers must encourage engagement with hearing protection programs and implement controls while preserving the integrity of the music. To achieve this, typical approaches used in other industries must be redesigned to suit this unique workplace. In response to these challenges, the Queensland Symphony Orchestra (Brisbane, Australia) introduced a comprehensive hearing conservation strategy in 2005 based upon best practice at the time. This strategy-which has been regularly refined-continues to be implemented on a daily basis. This investigation aimed to assess the successes, difficulties, and practical viability of the program. To achieve this a process evaluation was carried out, incorporating archival analyses, player and management focus groups, and an interview with the program's administrator. Results show the program has successfully become integrated into the orchestra's and the musicians' daily operations and significantly contributes to managing the risk of hearing loss in this population. While there is room for improvement in the orchestra's approach-particularly regarding usable personal protective devices and improved education and training, results are encouraging. This study provides a basis for those wishing to implement or evaluate similar paradigms. PMID:25381186

O'Brien, Ian; Driscoll, Tim; Ackermann, Bronwen

2014-11-01

315

VHA Veterans' Justice Program Evaluation Job Descriptions for On-Site (local) Research Staff  

E-print Network

Evaluation The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has made a commitment to end Veteran homelessness by 2015. A key component to ending homelessness is prevention. VHA's Veterans Justice Programs (VJP) are a core component of VA's homelessness prevention strategy. The goal of VJP is to identify Veterans involved

Azevedo, Ricardo

316

A Bachelor of Science Toxicology Program: Description, Resources, Student Profiles and Graduate Placement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nine-year experience of the Northeast Louisiana University School of Pharmacy in developing an undergraduate toxicology program is described. A survey of 128 graduates revealed student characteristics and graduate employment and/or education patterns. Common job duties included industrial hygiene, analytical chemistry, technical writing,…

Ferguson, Paul W.; And Others

1991-01-01

317

Descriptions of new varieties recently distributed from the Citrus Clonal Protection Program  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The Citrus Clonal Protection Program (CCPP) is operated through the Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology at University of California (UC) Riverside and is funded in large part by The California Citrus Research Board (CRB). The CCPP processes citrus propagative material in two phases. First...

318

Continuing Care in High Schools: A Descriptive Study of Recovery High School Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from 17 recovery high schools suggest programs are dynamic and vary in enrollment, fiscal stability, governance, staffing, and organizational structure. Schools struggle with enrollment, funding, lack of primary treatment accessibility, academic rigor, and institutional support. Still, for adolescents having received treatment for substance…

Finch, Andrew J.; Moberg, D. Paul; Krupp, Amanda Lawton

2014-01-01

319

NOAA-ERL solar ultraviolet radiation and climate research project: Program description and progress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research of the temporal variations of solar ultraviolet radiation is reviewed. Progress on a collaborative program to analyze Dr. D. F. Heath's NIMBUS-7 SBUV measurements of the solar UV spectral irradiance is summarized. Significant progress has been made on determining the wavelength and temporal characteristics of UV variations caused by solar active region evolution (birth, growth, peak, decay and occasionally

R. F. Donnelly; A. Baker-Blocker; S. D. Bouwer; J. Lean

1982-01-01

320

Description of the net return optimization computer program, IBM 7090, Fortran monitor  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past four years, IBM data processing computers have been utilized to perform countless studies involving the optimization of the HAPO plutonium production complex (RA.PO and off-site supporting plants). During this time, three process optimization models have been constructed and associated Fortran programs have been written. These three are (1) maximum net return, (2) minimum reactor unit cost, and

Sparks

1962-01-01

321

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: 2006 Pilot Program Description and Results  

E-print Network

closes at 3pm. Office areas drift. None. Auto-CPP SystemAuto?CPP  program.     These  facilities  were a diverse set of building types, including office Auto?CPP communication profiles by site  Communication Device Method Relay at site ADAM6060 ACWD Relay at site ADAM6060 Office/

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila

2007-01-01

322

WORLD Program Description, Goals and Objectives. Vocational English-as-a-Second Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A vocational English-as-a-Second Language program for limited-English-proficient adults enrolled in North Orange County Community College District courses was developed to meet the needs of this population. The limited-English-speaking population of the district is an immigrant and refugee population with people from a variety of language…

Coad, Cynthia

323

ECOLOGICAL STUDIES AND MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF 'CLADOPHORA' IN LAKE HURON: 1. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION AND FIELD MONITORING OF GROWTH DYNAMICS (JOURNAL VERSION)  

EPA Science Inventory

A 3-year program was conducted to examine the ecology of Cladophora glomerata and to develop a mathematical model useful in evaluating various management strategies for the control of this nuisance alga. This manuscript provides a detailed description of the field program and stu...

324

The Role of Extension Nutrition Education in Student Achievement of Nutrition Standards in Grades K-3: A Descriptive Evaluation of a School-Based Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the results of a descriptive evaluation of the impact of an in-school Extension nutrition education program in a small, very rural county. The evaluation focused on understanding the nature of the role the Extension educator plays in delivering nutrition education, the impact of the program on student learning and achievement…

Arnold, Mary E.; Schreiber, Debera

2012-01-01

325

Summer 2013 Graduate Hall Director Position Description The Summer Graduate Hall Director (GHD) is a paraprofessional staff member of the Office of Residential Programs who is  

E-print Network

Summer 2013 Graduate Hall Director Position Description The Summer Graduate Hall Director (GHD of Residential Programs and Housing with all aspects of Summer Housing programs, including the supervision of RAs all incidents involving all summer housing residents; C. Will document and inform the Office

Hone, James

326

Aerodynamic preliminary analysis system. Part 2: User's manual and program description  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A comprehensive aerodynamic analysis program based on linearized potential theory is described. The solution treats thickness and attitude problems at subsonic and supersonic speeds. Three dimensional configurations with or without jet flaps having multiple nonplanar surfaces of arbitrary planform and open or closed slender bodies or noncircular contour are analyzed. Longitudinal and lateral-directional static and rotary derivative solutions are generated. The analysis is implemented on a time sharing system in conjunction with an input tablet digitizer and an interactive graphics input/output display and editing terminal to maximize its responsiveness to the preliminary analysis problem. Nominal case computation time of 45 CPU seconds on the CDC 175 for a 200 panel simulation indicates the program provides an efficient analysis for systematically performing various aerodynamic configuration tradeoff and evaluation studies.

Divan, P.; Dunn, K.; Kojima, J.

1978-01-01

327

Uncertainty and Description Logic Programs: A Proposal for Expressing Rules and Uncertainty on Top of Ontologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rule-based and object-oriented techniques are rapidly making their way into the infrastructure for representing and reasoning about the Se- mantic Web and combining these two paradigms emerges as an important objective. We present a new family of representation languages, which extents existing language families for the Semantic Web: namely Descrip- tion Logic Programs (DLPs) and DLPs with uncertainty (µDLPs). The

Umberto Straccia

328

NCI/CPFP - 2010 Application Catalog - Program Description - NCI-FDA Joint Training in Cancer Prevention  

Cancer.gov

Cancer Prevention Fellows are eligible to participate in the NCI—FDA joint training in cancer prevention initiative. This component of the CPFP provides training in cancer prevention and in the development and approval processes of drugs, biologic agents, devices, or nutritional products. The program's interdisciplinary training will enable scientists to more rapidly move novel chemopreventive agents and early detection methods from the laboratory to the community.

329

Probing Emissions of Military Cargo Aircraft: Description of a Joint Field Measurement Program  

SciTech Connect

Direct emissions of NOx, volatile organic compounds, and particulate matter (PM) by aircraft contribute to the pollutant levels found in the atmosphere. Aircraft emissions can be injected at the ground level or directly at the high altitude in flight. Conversion of the precursor gases into secondary PM is one of the pathways for the increased atmospheric PM. Atmospheric PM interacts with solar radiation altering atmospheric radiation balance and potentially contributing to global and regional climate changes. Also, direct emissions of air toxics, ozone precursors and PM from aircraft in and around civilian airports and military air bases can worsen local air quality in non-attainment and/or maintenance areas. These emissions need to be quantified. However, the current EPA methods for particle emission measurements from such sources, modified Method 5 and Conditional Test Method 039, are gravimetric-based, and it is anticipated that these methods will not be suitable for current and future generations of aircraft turbine engines, whose particle mass emissions are low. To evaluate measurement approaches for military aircraft emissions, two complementary projects were initiated in 2005. A joint field campaign between these two programs was executed during the first week of October 2005 at the Kentucky Air National Guard (KYANG) base in Louisville, KY. This campaign represented the first in a series of field studies for each program funded by the DoD Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) and provided the basis for cross-comparison of the sampling approaches and measurement techniques employed by the respective program teams. This paper describes the overall programmatic of the multi-year SERDP aircraft emissions research and presents a summary of the results from the joint field campaign.

Cheng, Mengdawn [ORNL; Corporan, E. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH; DeWitt, M. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH; Spicer, C. [Battelle, Columbus; Holdren, M. [Battelle, Columbus; Cowen, K. [Battelle, Columbus; Harris, B. [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Raleigh, North Carolina; Shores, R. [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Raleigh, North Carolina; Hashmonay, R. [Arcadis, Inc., Durham, North Carolina; Kaganan, R. [Arcadis, Inc., Durham, North Carolina

2008-01-01

330

NCI/CPFP - 2010 Application Catalog - Program Description - Master in Clinical Investigation  

Cancer.gov

Once accepted into the CPFP, each fellow is responsible for arranging admission to an accredited university offering a master's program that can be completed in 12 months or less. The NCI will pay the tuition, fees, book allowance, and fellow's stipend during this year. It is expected that all master's degree requirements will be completed by the start of the NCI Summer Curriculum in Cancer Prevention.

331

Preparing a 21st Century Workforce: Descriptive Outcomes of the Graduate Research Traineeship (GRT) Program  

NSF Publications Database

Table of Contents (PDF 10K) Executive Summary (PDF 25K) 1. Introduction (PDF 13K) 2. Implementation of the GRT Program (PDF 31K) For more information about file formats used on the NSF site, please see http://www.nsf.gov/home/pubinfo/plugins.htm. The National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, Virginia 22230, USA Tel: (703) 292-5111, FIRS: (800) 877-8339 | TDD: (800) 281-8749 Last Updated: 01/28/05 Text Only

332

AutoBayes/CC: Combining Program Synthesis with Automatic Code Certification: System Description  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Code certification is a lightweight approach to formally demonstrate software quality. It concentrates on aspects of software quality that can be defined and formalized via properties, e.g., operator safety or memory safety. Its basic idea is to require code producers to provide formal proofs that their code satisfies these quality properties. The proofs serve as certificates which can be checked independently, by the code consumer or by certification authorities, e.g., the FAA. It is the idea underlying such approaches as proof-carrying code [6]. Code certification can be viewed as a more practical version of traditional Hoare-style program verification. The properties to be verified are fairly simple and regular so that it is often possible to use an automated theorem prover to automatically discharge all emerging proof obligations. Usually, however, the programmer must still splice auxiliary annotations (e.g., loop invariants) into the program to facilitate the proofs. For complex properties or larger programs this quickly becomes the limiting factor for the applicability of current certification approaches.

Whalen, Michael; Schumann, Johann; Fischer, Bernd; Clancy, Daniel (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

333

Blood Transfusion and Donation - Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Blood Transfusion and Donation - Multiple Languages Arabic (???????) Bosnian (Bosanski) Chinese - Simplified (????) Chinese - ... Characters not displaying correctly on this page? See language display issues . Return to the MedlinePlus Health Information ...

334

Ethical issues in non-heart-beating donation.  

PubMed

A shortage of organ donors and the large number of patients desperately waiting for kidney transplant have led to the search for new sources of transplantable organs. The waiting list has grown at an alarming rate resulting in increased waiting times and deaths. The introduction of non heart beating (NHB) donation programmes generates a lot of ethical issues. How should death of a patient be defined in the case of NHB donation? Is there a strict separation of responsibilities of the medical teams in the different phases of the procedure (patient treatment and actual donation)? How should consent be obtained? Is sufficient respect and care given to the patient and his family? How is the viability of the organs assessed and how should the organs be allocated? We believe that it is very important to debate these issues and to try to outline an ethical framework for NHB donation that can enjoy the widest possible community support. PMID:15685758

Papalois, Vassilios; Vlachos, Konstantinos; Barlas, Alexander; Zarka, Zaki Anas; El-Tayar, Adil; Hakim, Nadey S

2004-10-01

335

Trends in donation after cardiac death.  

PubMed

The deceased cardiac donor (DCD) can provide organs that are suitable for transplantation. However, in order to increase recovery and utilization of this under-utilized organ donor source, a number of issues remain to be resolved. First, the public understanding is essential for support of this end-of-life option to donate after cardiac death. Extensive education of donor hospitals will be needed to identify potential donors and arrange for their care. Organ procurement organizations will have to commit to the extra effort required to identify and manage these donors and to design recovery techniques to maximize procurement of abdominal and thoracic organs. Pulsatile machine perfusion may be needed for assessing viability of DCD kidneys, although the evidence is lacking that pump preservation improves survival of DCD kidneys that are transplanted. It will also be important to identify transplant centers and suitable patients within those centers that will accept DCD organs. Preselecting recipients will speed allocation as has been the case for expanded criteria donors. Special efforts to minimize reperfusion injury should be made initially to protect what might be more "injury-prone" DCD organs and calcineurin inhibitors should probably be avoided during the early posttransplant period. The graft survival rates for DCD kidneys and pancreata have been comparable to those for conventional deceased donor grafts, whereas graft survival rates for DCD liver recipients have been significantly poorer than with conventional livers. Thus, we need to continue exploring approaches to improve patient and graft survival for DCD liver transplant recipients. PMID:17424743

Light, Jimmy A; Cecka, J Michael

2005-01-01

336

The perioperative nurse and the organ donation experience.  

PubMed

Most OR nurses whether veteran or novice have had some exposure to organ donation; however, few are aware of what occurs outside of the surgical setting. This article provides an overview of the entire donation process, from the hours before the procedure to the steps needed for successful recovery. Particular attention is given to the care of the donor family members, both preoperatively and postrecovery. PMID:11838090

Lilly, K T; Langley, V L

1999-04-01

337

Dilemma of prescribing aripiprazole under the Taiwan health insurance program: a descriptive study  

PubMed Central

Objectives Refractory major depressive disorder (MDD) is a serious problem leading to a heavy economic burden. Antipsychotic augmentation treatment with aripiprazole and quetiapine is approved for MDD patients and can achieve a high remission rate. This study aimed to examine how psychiatrists in Taiwan choose medications and how that choice is influenced by health insurance payments and administrative policy. Design Descriptive study. Outcome measures Eight questions about the choice of treatment strategy and atypical antipsychotics, and the reason to choose aripiprazole. Intervention We designed an augmentation strategy questionnaire for psychiatrists whose patients had a poor response to antidepressants, and handed it out during the annual meeting of the Taiwanese Society of Psychiatry in October 2012. It included eight questions addressing the choice of treatment strategy and atypical antipsychotics, and the reason whether or not to choose aripiprazole as the augmentation antipsychotic. Results Choosing antipsychotic augmentation therapy or switching to other antidepressant strategies for MDD patients with an inadequate response to antidepressants was common with a similar probability (76.1% vs 76.4%). The most frequently used antipsychotics were aripiprazole and quetiapine, however a substantial number of psychiatrists chose olanzapine, risperidone, and sulpiride. The major reason for not choosing aripiprazole was cost (52.1%), followed by insurance official policy audit and deletion in the claims review system (30.1%). Conclusion The prescribing behavior of Taiwanese psychiatrists for augmentation antipsy-chotics is affected by health insurance policy.

Hsu, Yi-Chien; Chou, Yu-Ching; Chang, Hsin-An; Kao, Yu-Chen; Huang, San-Yuan; Tzeng, Nian-Sheng

2015-01-01

338

The Radioactive Ion Beams in Brazil (RIBRAS) facility. Description, program, main results, future plans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

RIBRAS (Radioactive Ion Beams in Brazil) is a facility installed at the Institute of Physics of the University of São Paulo (IFUSP), Brazil. The RIBRAS system consists of two superconducting solenoids and uses the "in-flight method" to produce radioactive ion beams using the primary beam provided by the 8UD Pelletron Tandem of IFUSP. The ion beams produced so far by RIBRAS are 6He, 8Li, 7Be, 10Be, 8B, 12B with intensities that can vary from 104 to 106 pps. Initially the experimental program covered the study of elastic and inelastic scattering with the objective to study the interaction potential and the reaction mechanisms between weakly bound (RIB) and halo (6He and 8B projectiles on light, medium and heavy mass targets. With highly purified beams, the study of resonant elastic scattering and resonant transfer reactions, using inverse kinematics and thick targets, has also been included in our experimental program. Also, transfer reactions of astrophysical interest and fusion reactions induced by halo nuclei are part of the near-future research program. Our recent results on elastic scattering, alpha-particle production and total reaction cross sections, as well as the resonant elastic and transfer reactions, are presented. Our plans for the near future are related to the installation of a new beam line and a cave for gamma-ray detection. We intend to place in operation a large area neutron detector available in our laboratory. The long-range plans could be the move of the RIBRAS system to the more energetic beam line of the LINAC post-accelerator (10MeV/nucleon primary beams) still in construction in our laboratory.

Lépine-Szily, A.; Lichtenthäler, R.; Guimarães, V.

2014-08-01

339

Physics Division Argonne National Laboratory description of the programs and facilities.  

SciTech Connect

The ANL Physics Division traces its roots to nuclear physics research at the University of Chicago around the time of the second world war. Following the move from the University of Chicago out to the present Argonne site and the formation of Argonne National Laboratory: the Physics Division has had a tradition of research into fundamental aspects of nuclear and atomic physics. Initially, the emphasis was on areas such as neutron physics, mass spectrometry, and theoretical studies of the nuclear shell model. Maria Goeppert Maier was an employee in the Physics Division during the time she did her Nobel-Prize-winning work on the nuclear shell model. These interests diversified and at the present time the research addresses a wide range of current problems in nuclear and atomic physics. The major emphasis of the current experimental nuclear physics research is in heavy-ion physics, centered around the ATLAS facility (Argonne Tandem-Linac Accelerator System) with its new injector providing intense, energetic ion beams over the fill mass range up to uranium. ATLAS is a designated National User Facility and is based on superconducting radio-frequency technology developed in the Physics Division. A small program continues in accelerator development. In addition, the Division has a strong program in medium-energy nuclear physics carried out at a variety of major national and international facilities. The nuclear theory research in the Division spans a wide range of interests including nuclear dynamics with subnucleonic degrees of freedom, dynamics of many-nucleon systems, nuclear structure, and heavy-ion interactions. This research makes contact with experimental research programs in intermediate-energy and heavy-ion physics, both within the Division and on the national and international scale. The Physics Division traditionally has strong connections with the nation's universities. We have many visiting faculty members and we encourage students to participate in our programs for performing thesis research. The Division in early 1999 has 105 full-time members [36 regular scientific (Ph.D. level) staff, 19 postdoctoral appointees and visitors, and 50 technical, administrative, and secretarial personnel] and an annual operating budget of about $17 million. On average, the Division annually supports 50 graduate and undergraduate students.

Thayer, K.J. [ed.

1999-05-24

340

The experimental clean combustor program: Description and status to November 1975  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The generation of technology was studied for the development of advanced commercial CTOL aircraft engines with lower exhaust emissions than current aircraft. The program is in three phases. Phase 1, already completed, consisted of screening tests of low pollution combustor concepts. Phase 2, currently in progress, consists of test rig refinement of the most promising combustor concepts. Phase 2 test results are reported. Phase 3, also currently in progress, consists of incorporating and evaluating the best combustors as part of a complete engine. Engine test plans and pollution sampling techniques are described in this report. Program pollution goals, specified at engine idle and take-off conditions, are idle emission index value of 20 and 4 for carbon monoxide (CO) and total unburned hydrocarbons (THC), respectively, and at take-off are an oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emission index level of 10 and a smoke number of 15. Pollution data were obtained at all engine operating conditions. Results are presented in terms of emission index and also in terms of the Environmental Protection Agency's 1979 Standards Parameter.

Niedzwiecki, R. W.

1975-01-01

341

Promotion of Body Donation and Use of Cadavers in Anatomical Education at the University of Padova  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This letter to the editor is in response to an article published in ASE regarding the ethics of body donation. The letter addresses a central focus of international and national cadaver donation issues, a decrease in cadaver donation. Specifically this article offers a suggestion on how a university has been able to increase cadaver donations due to the development of a Cadaver Donation Association by faculty.

2009-03-01

342

Description and comparison of geologic maps with FRAGSTATS - A spatial statistics program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

FRAGSTATS is a public-domain GIS implementation of a set of spatial statistics that address a fundamental problem in GIS applications, description and comparison of maps. The spatial statistics from the 1:2,500,000-scale United States geologic map of Nevada, the central United States, and the northeastern United States quantify the differences in complexity and variability between these three geologic terranes. Nevada is defined by a large number of patches of small size and low size variability, whereas the Central area has a small number of patches with smaller relative size variability. All three areas have similar map-unit shape complexity with Nevada having the lowest. Based on the density of edges, the areas can be ranked from highest to lowest, as Nevada, Central, and Northeast. The Shannon diversity index ranks the areas from highest to lowest, as Northeast, Nevada, and Central, but the Shannon evenness index ranks them from highest to lowest, as Northeast, Central, and Nevada. These rankings may reflect the influence of folding in the Northeast and Central areas as opposed to basin and range extension in Nevada. The core areas statistic ranks the areas for spatial accuracy from highest to lowest, as Central, Northeast, and Nevada, with Northeast and Nevada being similar. For a scale comparison, the FRAGSTATS statistics quantify the increased complexity and spatial accuracy that is inherent in going from small- to larger-scale maps. For example for 1:2,500,000-1:500,000-scale maps of Nevada, respectively, the area weighted fractal dimension increase from 1.1 to 1.18, and the total core areas index almost doubles from 39.09 to 63.38. In addition, the fractal dimensions discriminate gross lithology and tectonic terranes. ?? 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Raines, G.L.

2002-01-01

343

Who Receives What? The Influence of the Donation Magnitude and Donation Recipient in Cause-Related Marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cause-related marketing campaign structural elements (CSEs) are individual message components that are selected for campaigns and have the ability to influence consumer intentions and behavior. In this study, the impact of donation magnitude (small; large) and donation recipient (branded and well-known; branded and fictitious; unbranded and well-known) on the dependent variables of consumer attitude toward the offer, attitude toward the

Debbie Human; Nic S. Terblanche

2012-01-01

344

Aerobic exercise for alcohol recovery: rationale, program description, and preliminary findings.  

PubMed

Alcohol use disorders are a major public health concern. Despite the demonstrated efficacy of a number of different treatments for alcohol dependence, relapse remains a major problem. Healthy lifestyle changes may contribute to long-term maintenance of recovery, and interventions targeting physical activity, in particular, may be especially valuable as an adjunct to alcohol treatment. In this article, the authors discuss the rationale and review potential mechanisms of action whereby exercise might benefit alcohol dependent patients in recovery. They then describe the development of a 12-week moderate-intensity aerobic exercise program as an adjunctive intervention for alcohol dependent patients in recovery. Preliminary data from a pilot study (N=19) are presented, and the overall significance of this research effort is discussed. PMID:19091721

Brown, Richard A; Abrantes, Ana M; Read, Jennifer P; Marcus, Bess H; Jakicic, John; Strong, David R; Oakley, Julie R; Ramsey, Susan E; Kahler, Christopher W; Stuart, Gregory; Dubreuil, Mary Ella; Gordon, Alan A

2009-03-01

345

Aerobic Exercise for Alcohol Recovery: Rationale, Program Description, and Preliminary Findings  

PubMed Central

Alcohol use disorders are a major public health concern. Despite the demonstrated efficacy of a number of different treatments for alcohol dependence, relapse remains a major problem. Healthy lifestyle changes may contribute to long-term maintenance of recovery and interventions targeting physical activity, in particular, may be especially valuable as an adjunct to alcohol treatment. In this paper, we discuss the rationale and review potential mechanisms of action whereby exercise might benefit alcohol dependent patients in recovery. We then describe the development of a 12-week moderate-intensity aerobic exercise program as an adjunctive intervention for alcohol dependent patients in recovery. Preliminary data from a pilot study (n=19) are presented and the overall significance of this research effort is discussed. PMID:19091721

Brown, Richard A.; Abrantes, Ana M.; Read, Jennifer P.; Marcus, Bess H.; Jakicic, John; Strong, David R.; Oakley, Julie R.; Ramsey, Susan E.; Kahler, Christopher W.; Stuart, Gregory G.; Dubreuil, Mary Ella; Gordon, Alan A.

2010-01-01

346

Advanced program development management software system. Software description and user's manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives of this project were to apply emerging techniques and tools from the computer science discipline of paperless management to the activities of the Space Transportation and Exploration Office (PT01) in Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Program Development, thereby enhancing the productivity of the workforce, the quality of the data products, and the collection, dissemination, and storage of information. The approach used to accomplish the objectives emphasized the utilization of finished form (off-the-shelf) software products to the greatest extent possible without impacting the performance of the end product, to pursue developments when necessary in the rapid prototyping environment to provide a mechanism for frequent feedback from the users, and to provide a full range of user support functions during the development process to promote testing of the software.

1990-01-01

347

Description of the solid waste container corrosion program at the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

Waste management and environmental restoration are the Prime missions of the Hanford site, owned by the Department of Energy and operated by a management and operations contractor. The Site is located in southeast Washington State; its focus since World War II was the production of nuclear material to be used in atomic weapons but now is environmental cleanup. The cleanup of the site presents formidable challenges. The degradation of containers used to store radioactive and hazardous waste presents one of these challenges. Such containers, primarily 55 gallon (208 liter) drums, have been stored for eventual retrieval and re-packing for final disposal, some since 1970, in various types of environments. The expected degradation during storage must be estimated, verified, and predicted to allow prudent waste storage. several programs have been put into place at the Hanford Site to facilitate corrosion measurement and prediction.

Duncan, D.R.

1995-01-01

348

Description of the Prometheus Program Alternator/Thruster Integration Laboratory (ATIL)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Project Prometheus Alternator Electric Thruster Integration Laboratory's (ATIL) primary two objectives are to obtain test data to influence the power conversion and electric propulsion systems design, and to assist in developing the primary power quality specifications prior to system Preliminary Design Review (PDR). ATIL is being developed in stages or configurations of increasing fidelity and complexity in order to support the various phases of the Prometheus program. ATIL provides a timely insight of the electrical interactions between a representative Permanent Magnet Generator, its associated control schemes, realistic electric system loads, and an operating electric propulsion thruster. The ATIL main elements are an electrically driven 100 kWe Alternator Test Unit (ATU), an alternator controller using parasitic loads, and a thruster Power Processing Unit (PPU) breadboard. This paper describes the ATIL components, its development approach, preliminary integration test results, and current status.

Baez, Anastacio N.; Birchenough, Arthur G.; Lebron-Velilla, Ramon C.; Gonzalez, Marcelo C.

2005-01-01

349

75 FR 12245 - Program Comment for the Department of the Navy for the Disposition of Historic Vessels  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National security or other restrictions preclude donation; or v. The vessel is nuclear powered. (Additional coordination with the Director, Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program is required to determine donation feasibility.) The Navy's Ship...

2010-03-15

350

INTERLINE 5. 0 -- An expanded railroad routing model: Program description, methodology, and revised user's manual  

SciTech Connect

A rail routine model, INTERLINE, has been developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to investigate potential routes for transporting radioactive materials. In Version 5.0, the INTERLINE routing algorithms have been enhanced to include the ability to predict alternative routes, barge routes, and population statistics for any route. The INTERLINE railroad network is essentially a computerized rail atlas describing the US railroad system. All rail lines, with the exception of industrial spurs, are included in the network. Inland waterways and deep water routes along with their interchange points with the US railroadsystem are also included. The network contains over 15,000 rail and barge segments (links) and over 13,000 stations, interchange points, ports, and other locations (nodes). The INTERLINE model has been converted to operate on an IBM-compatible personal computer. At least a 286 computer with a hard disk containing approximately 6 MB of free space is recommended. Enhanced program performance will be obtained by using arandom-access memory drive on a 386 or 486 computer.

Johnson, P.E.; Joy, D.S. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Clarke, D.B.; Jacobi, J.M. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Transportation Center)

1993-03-01

351

PR-EDB: Power Reactor Embrittlement Data Base, Version 2. Revision 2, Program description  

SciTech Connect

Investigations of regulatory issues such as vessel integrity over plant life, vessel failure, and sufficiency of current codes Standard Review Plans (SRP`s) and Guides for license renewal can be greatly expedited by the use of a well-designed computerized data base. Also, such a data base is essential for the validation of embrittlement prediction models by researchers. The Power Reactor Embrittlement Data Base (PR-EDB) is such a comprehensive collection of data for US commercial nuclear reactors. The current version of the PR-EDB contains the Charpy test data that were irradiated in 252 capsules of 96 reactors and consists of 207 data points for heat-affected-zone (HAZ) materials (98 different HAZ), 227 data points for weld materials (105 different welds), 524 data points for base materials (136 different base materials), including 297 plate data points (85 different plates), 119 forging data points (31) different forging), and 108 correlation monitor materials data points (3 different plates). The data files are given in dBASE format and can be accessed with any computer using the DOS operating system. ``User-friendly`` utility programs are used to retrieve and select specific data, manipulate data, display data to the screen or printer, and to fit and plot Charpy impact data. The results of several studies investigated are presented in Appendix D.

Stallmann, F.W.; Wang, J.A.; Kam, F.B.K.; Taylor, B.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1994-01-01

352

Prostate cancer disparities in South Carolina: early detection, special programs, and descriptive epidemiology.  

PubMed

Available evidence suggests that there may be qualitative differences in the natural history of PrCA by race. If this is true then additional etiologic research is needed to identify places in the causal chain where we can intervene to lower PrCA rates in AA men. South Carolina may prove to be a useful context in which to study prostate cancer etiology, because of the presence of unique environmental exposures. For example, soil selenium and cadmium concentrations unique to South Carolina might have a differential affect in the rural areas of the state where ground water use is more common and where AAs are more likely to live. These metals are important in terms of prostate metabolism and cancer. The possible interaction of geological factors with underlying biological factors such as metal transporter gene expression by race needs to be explored in South Carolina. Diet and exercise are consistently seen as possible primary prevention strategies for prostate and other cancers, as noted above. There may be very good reasons to intervene on diet and physical activity, but if the intention is to make a health claim with real, specific meaning for PrCA prevention and control then studies must be designed to test the effect of these modalities in rigorous ways at specific points in the natural history of prostate carcinogenesis. Nutrition and exercise programs need to be developed in South Carolina that are seen as acceptable by people at risk of PrCA; and they will need to focus on effective ways to prevent the development of PrCA, other cancers, and other health outcomes. Implementing diet and nutrition programs in rural parts of the state, possibly through schools or churches, offer benefit to both youth and adults alike. So, it would be possible, indeed it would be desirable, to create programs that may be used for research in one part of the population (e.g., men with PrCA), but are equally beneficial for others (e.g., their spouses and children). Organizing studies that can focus on promising new areas of research and changing the paradigms under which the research community currently operates probably will require re-conceptualizing research strategies employing methods that entail CBPR approaches. Because much of South Carolina's African-American population resides in rural parts of the state, outreach presents a challenge for both researchers and clinicians. Individuals living in rural areas are more likely than urban residents to live in poverty, report poorer health status, and not have private health insurance. Americans living in rural areas face disparities in access to basic public health services compared to those living in metropolitan areas. In very practical ways, local public health departments are absent in many rural communities, and rural hospitals continue to close, removing needed services. Closing of public hospitals has been shown to significantly increase the percentage of people without a primary health care provider as well as the percentage of people denied care. Public health departments are of particular importance to rural residents as they serve as the main avenue for public health and clinical care for this group. Issues such as access to care, lack of frequent physician's visits and quality of medical care have a negative impact on outcomes for men with PrCA, particularly in relationship to staging. If better outcomes are to be achieved in South Carolina, then more must be done to reach the community and provide better access to care in more rural areas of the state. Small media interventions, such as those presented in churches and barbershops may be an effective means for reaching the rural AA population. Our ability to reach out to and interact with the high-risk pockets in the state will be necessary for screening, treatment, and research (which, if conducted competently, will affect screening efficacy, treatment effectiveness, and primary prevention). It is believed that currently available decision-making materials for PrCA screening may not be appropriate due to socioeconomic as we

Drake, Bettina F; Keane, Thomas E; Mosley, Catishia M; Adams, Swann Arp; Elder, Keith T; Modayil, Mary V; Ureda, John R; Hebert, James R

2006-08-01

353

A description of a system of programs for mathematically processing on unified series (YeS) computers photographic images of the Earth taken from spacecraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A description of a batch of programs for the YeS-1040 computer combined into an automated system for processing photo (and video) images of the Earth's surface, taken from spacecraft, is presented. Individual programs with the detailed discussion of the algorithmic and programmatic facilities needed by the user are presented. The basic principles for assembling the system, and the control programs are included. The exchange format within whose framework the cataloging of any programs recommended for the system of processing will be activated in the future is displayed.

Zolotukhin, V. G.; Kolosov, B. I.; Usikov, D. A.; Borisenko, V. I.; Mosin, S. T.; Gorokhov, V. N.

1980-01-01

354

Changes in Biomarkers Associated With Living Kidney Donation  

PubMed Central

Living donor kidneys have been associated with better graft and overall survival in kidney transplant recipients. Although living kidney donation is generally considered safe in carefully selected living donors, concerns of possible adverse effects related to kidney donation remain, especially in younger and high risk donors. In this study, we examined the changes in a panel of traditional and novel serum biomarkers linked with cardiovascular conditions in a cohort of 34 healthy living kidney donors with a mean age(SD) of 40±10 years and estimated pre-donation GFR of 86±10 ml/min/1.73m2. At 6 months post donation, there were no significant changes in the clinical parameters including body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure despite a significant decline in the mean estimated GFR to 60 ml/min/1.73m2. Among the panel of markers, the levels of symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) and fibroblast growth factor 23(FGF-23) increased significantly compared to baseline, suggesting that living kidney donation may result in changes in biomarkers that are associated with cardiovascular risk in other cohorts. PMID:23988698

Huan, Yonghong; Kapoor, Shiv; DeLoach, Stephanie; Ommen, Elizabeth; Meyers, Kevin E.; Townsend, Raymond R.

2013-01-01

355

Organ donation and Islam-challenges and opportunities.  

PubMed

The issue of organ donation in Islam has been debated for decades, with most religious authorities sanctioning both living-organ and deceased-organ donation. However, disquiet among the Islamic community on the compatibility of organ donation with their faith remains, especially in relation to deceased-organ donation. This remains a topical, controversial, and challenging component of organ procurement at both local and international levels. In this article, I will explore Islamic arguments both for and against organ donation, in the context of both living-donor and deceased-donor models. By discussing both practical and philosophical perspectives, the aim is to facilitate discussion on how best to achieve consensus on this issue by driving the debate forward in an open and all-encompassing manner. Although every attempt should be made to achieve consensus among key Muslim opinion makers (individuals, authorities, and institutions), encouraging personalized decision making by intellectual effort should be the goal to achieve genuine informed consent. PMID:22854424

Sharif, Adnan

2012-09-15

356

50 CFR 679.26 - Prohibited Species Donation Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...only to the following species: (1) Salmon. (2) Halibut delivered by catcher...Effective period. A PSD permit issued for salmon or halibut remains in effect for a 3-year...that processors may convert offal from salmon or halibut that has been retained...

2014-10-01

357

50 CFR 679.26 - Prohibited Species Donation Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...participants or a modified list of delivery locations to the Regional Administrator...processor, or delivered to a delivery location under this section, unless the vessel or processor and delivery location is included on the list...

2012-10-01

358

50 CFR 679.26 - Prohibited Species Donation Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...participants or a modified list of delivery locations to the Regional Administrator...processor, or delivered to a delivery location under this section, unless the vessel or processor and delivery location is included on the list...

2013-10-01

359

50 CFR 679.26 - Prohibited Species Donation Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...participants or a modified list of delivery locations to the Regional Administrator...processor, or delivered to a delivery location under this section, unless the vessel or processor and delivery location is included on the list...

2011-10-01

360

Mothers' attitudes towards donated breastmilk in Jos, Nigeria.  

PubMed

In many developing countries, the use of pooled human milk is not widely accepted. Six hundred eighty breastfeeding mothers were interviewed to ascertain their acceptance of donated breastmilk. Their attitudes toward stored breastmilk, human milk banking, and breastfeeding in the event of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positivity were solicited. About 71 percent would not accept donated breastmilk for their baby while the rest would consent only if the donor were a close family relative, owing to fear of transfer of diseases (28 percent), fear of transfer of genetic traits (22 percent), and religious and cultural taboos (14 percent). However, 60 percent were willing to donate breastmilk. Only 38 percent would accept milk from a breastmilk bank. None would breastfeed if she were HIV positive. PMID:7619300

Ighogboja, I S; Olarewaju, R S; Odumodu, C U; Okuonghae, H O

1995-06-01

361

Models of Charity Donations and Project Funding in Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the key fundaments of building a society is common interest or shared aims of the group members. This research work is a try to analyze web-based services oriented towards money collection for various social and charity projects. The phenomenon of social founding is worth a closer look at because its success strongly depends on the ability to build an ad-hoc or persistent groups of people sharing their believes and willing to support external institutions or individuals. The paper presents a review of money collection sites, various models of donation and money collection process as well as ways how the projects' results are reported to their founders. There is also a proposal of money collection service, where donators are not charged until total declared help overheads required resources to complete the project. The risk of missing real donations for declared payments, after the collection is closed, can be assessed and minimized by building a social network.

Wojciechowski, Adam

362

WWJ-TV CBS Detroit/CW50 Detroit Internship Job Descriptions Community Affairs/Programming Internship: This internship provides students  

E-print Network

WWJ-TV CBS Detroit/CW50 Detroit Internship Job Descriptions Community Affairs/Programming Internship: This internship provides students interns the opportunity to gain experience in Community Affairs internships offered for the winter, summer, and fall terms. Interns generally work either a Monday

Cinabro, David

363

Seattle University Recreation Position Description  

E-print Network

Seattle University Recreation Position Description Title: Outdoor Adventure Recreation Program University Recreation Position Description Title: Outdoor Adventure Recreation Program Manager Date: 6- inclusive. Duties may be added, deleted and assigned based on Assistant Director of University Recreation

Carter, John

364

Seattle University Recreation Position Description  

E-print Network

Seattle University Recreation Position Description Title: Outdoor Adventure Recreation Program University Recreation Position Description Title: Outdoor Adventure Recreation Program Manager Date: 7- inclusive. Duties may be added, deleted and assigned based on Assistant Director of University Recreation

Carter, John

365

HIGHWAY 3.1: An enhanced HIGHWAY routing model: Program description, methodology, and revised user`s manual  

SciTech Connect

The HIGHWAY program provides a flexible tool for predicting highway routes for transporting radioactive materials in the United States. The HIGHWAY data base is essentially a computerized road atlas that currently describes over 240,000 miles of highways. Complete descriptions of all Interstate System and most US highways (except those that parallel a nearby Interstate highway) are included in the data base. Many of the principal state highways and a number of local and county highways are also identified. The data base also includes locations of nuclear facilities and major airports. Several different types of routes may be calculated, depending on a set of user-supplied constraints. Routes are calculated by minimizing the total impedance between the origin and the destination. Basically, the impedance is defined as a function of distance and driving time along a particular highway segment. Several routing constraints can be imposed during the calculations. One of the special features of the HIGHWAY model is its ability to calculate routes that maximize use of Interstate System highways. This feature allows the user to predict routes for shipments of radioactive materials that conform to the US Department of Transportation routing regulations. Other features of the model include the ability to predict routes that bypass a specific state, city, town, or highway segment. Two special features have been incorporated in HIGHWAY, version 3.1. The first is the ability to automatically calculate alternative routes. Frequently, there are a number of routes between the source and destination that vary slightly in distance and estimated driving time. The HIGHWAY program offers a selection of different but nearly equal routes. The second special feature is the capability to calculate route-specific population density statistics. The population density distribution is calculated for each highway segment in the route and is reported on a state-by-state basis.

Johnson, P.E.; Joy, D.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Clarke, D.B.; Jacobi, J.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Transportation Center

1993-03-01

366

41 CFR 102-42.130 - Are there special requirements for the donation of gifts and decorations?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...there special requirements for the donation of gifts and decorations? 102-42.130 Section...42-UTILIZATION, DONATION, AND DISPOSAL OF FOREIGN GIFTS AND DECORATIONS Donation of Foreign Gifts and Decorations § 102-42.130 Are...

2010-07-01

367

Statistics (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... for developing and improving statistical theory and methods, including research in statistical ... Supported areas include frequentist and Bayesian inference in parametric, semi-parametric, and ...

368

Physical Anthropology (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... research in areas related to human evolution and contemporary human biological variation. Research ... to, human genetic variation, human adaptation, human osteology and bone biology, human and nonhuman ...

369

Probability (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... processes, limit theory, interacting particle systems, stochastic differential and partial ... budget, number of awards and average award size/duration are subject to the availability of funds ...

370

Physical Meteorology (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... on cloud physics; atmospheric electricity; radiation; boundary layer and turbulence; and the ... new techniques and devices for atmospheric measurements. Deadline and Target Dates:Proposals may be ...

371

Computational Mathematics (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... In our experience, proposals put to this early test in any part of Applied Mathematics or ... Privacy | FOIA | Help | Contact NSF | Contact Web Master | SiteMap The National Science Foundation ...

372

An adaptive maneuvering logic computer program for the simulation of one-on-one air-to-air combat. Volume 1: General description  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A technique for computer simulation of air combat is described. Volume 1 decribes the computer program and its development in general terms. Two versions of the program exist. Both incorporate a logic for selecting and executing air combat maneuvers with performance models of specific fighter aircraft. In the batch processing version the flight paths of two aircraft engaged in interactive aerial combat and controlled by the same logic are computed. The realtime version permits human pilots to fly air-to-air combat against the adaptive maneuvering logic (AML) in Langley Differential Maneuvering Simulator (DMS). Volume 2 consists of a detailed description of the computer programs.

Burgin, G. H.; Fogel, L. J.; Phelps, J. P.

1975-01-01

373

41 CFR 101-42.304 - Special requirements for donation of certain hazardous materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL 42-UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF PROPERTY 42.3-Donation of Hazardous Materials and Certain Categories of Property § 101-42.304 Special requirements for donation of...

2013-07-01

374

41 CFR 101-42.302 - Responsibilities for donation of hazardous materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL 42-UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF PROPERTY 42.3-Donation of Hazardous Materials and Certain Categories of Property § 101-42.302 Responsibilities for donation of...

2013-07-01

375

41 CFR 101-42.304 - Special requirements for donation of certain hazardous materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL 42-UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF PROPERTY 42.3-Donation of Hazardous Materials and Certain Categories of Property § 101-42.304 Special requirements for donation of...

2014-07-01

376

41 CFR 101-42.304 - Special requirements for donation of certain hazardous materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL 42-UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF PROPERTY 42.3-Donation of Hazardous Materials and Certain Categories of Property § 101-42.304 Special requirements for donation of...

2011-07-01

377

41 CFR 101-42.302 - Responsibilities for donation of hazardous materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL 42-UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF PROPERTY 42.3-Donation of Hazardous Materials and Certain Categories of Property § 101-42.302 Responsibilities for donation of...

2014-07-01

378

41 CFR 101-42.304 - Special requirements for donation of certain hazardous materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL 42-UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF PROPERTY 42.3-Donation of Hazardous Materials and Certain Categories of Property § 101-42.304 Special requirements for donation of...

2012-07-01

379

41 CFR 101-42.302 - Responsibilities for donation of hazardous materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL 42-UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF PROPERTY 42.3-Donation of Hazardous Materials and Certain Categories of Property § 101-42.302 Responsibilities for donation of...

2012-07-01

380

41 CFR 101-42.304 - Special requirements for donation of certain hazardous materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL 42-UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF PROPERTY 42.3-Donation of Hazardous Materials and Certain Categories of Property § 101-42.304 Special requirements for donation of...

2010-07-01

381

41 CFR 101-42.302 - Responsibilities for donation of hazardous materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL 42-UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF PROPERTY 42.3-Donation of Hazardous Materials and Certain Categories of Property § 101-42.302 Responsibilities for donation of...

2011-07-01

382

41 CFR 101-42.302 - Responsibilities for donation of hazardous materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL 42-UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF PROPERTY 42.3-Donation of Hazardous Materials and Certain Categories of Property § 101-42.302 Responsibilities for donation of...

2010-07-01

383

42 CFR 410.55 - Services related to kidney donations: Conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...410.55 Services related to kidney donations: Conditions. ...furnished in connection with a kidney donation— (a) If the kidney is intended for an individual who has end-stage renal disease and is entitled to Medicare...

2010-10-01

384

42 CFR 410.55 - Services related to kidney donations: Conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...410.55 Services related to kidney donations: Conditions. ...furnished in connection with a kidney donation— (a) If the kidney is intended for an individual who has end-stage renal disease and is entitled to Medicare...

2011-10-01

385

Organ and Tissue Donation Knowledge Among Intensive Care Unit Nurses  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionIncreased cadaveric donation may be achieved by improving medical staff education to enhance consent rates. This study was designed to examine the critical items that influence nurse knowledge regarding the concepts of brain death and the attitudes toward cadaveric donor renal transplantation. These findings may be useful to evaluate future progress in education.

A. P. Shabanzadeh; S. S. Sadr; A. Ghafari; B. H. Nozari; M. Toushih

2009-01-01

386

Legal and Ethical Issues Related to Nonheart Beating Organ Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Major breakthroughs in immunosuppressant medication and advances in surgical techniques have increased the number of successful transplantations, but the demand for organs far outweighs the supply. People continue to die while waiting for donor organs to become available. Nonheart beating organ donation is a means of increasing the supply of organs to be transplanted. It is based on cardiac cessation

Elizabeth McKenney; Bridgette Parker

2003-01-01

387

Unit asking: a method to boost donations and beyond.  

PubMed

The solicitation of charitable donations costs billions of dollars annually. Here, we introduce a virtually costless method for boosting charitable donations to a group of needy persons: merely asking donors to indicate a hypothetical amount for helping one of the needy persons before asking donors to decide how much to donate for all of the needy persons. We demonstrated, in both real fund-raisers and scenario-based research, that this simple unit-asking method greatly increases donations for the group of needy persons. Different from phenomena such as the foot-in-the-door and identifiable-victim effects, the unit-asking effect arises because donors are initially scope insensitive and subsequently scope consistent. The method applies to both traditional paper-based fund-raisers and increasingly popular Web-based fund-raisers and has implications for domains other than fund-raisers, such as auctions and budget proposals. Our research suggests that a subtle manipulation based on psychological science can generate a substantial effect in real life. PMID:23907547

Hsee, Christopher K; Zhang, Jiao; Lu, Zoe Y; Xu, Fei

2013-09-01

388

Public survey of financial incentives for kidney donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. One of the most fiercely debated strategies to increase the number of kidneys for transplantation is the introduction of financial incentives. As the success of such strategy largely depends on public support, we performed a public survey on this topic. Methods. We developed a questionnaire on financial incentives for living kidney donation. We investigated the public opinion on two

Leonieke Kranenburg; A. Schram; W. C. Zuidema; W. Weimar; M. T. Hilhorst; E. Hessing; J. Passchier; Busschbach van J. J

2008-01-01

389

Patent Donations: Making Use of the Gift of Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The lines between basic and applied research and the sectors of the U.S. economy responsible for each type have begun to blur. No better case for the blurring of these lines and the benefits of technology transfer among research institutions can be provided than the recent phenomenon of corporate patent donations to non-profit research…

Talnack, G. Marie

2010-01-01

390

OHSU Global Health Center Frequent Flyer Donation Form  

E-print Network

OHSU Global Health Center Frequent Flyer Donation Form The OHSU Global Health Center Frequent Flyer to volunteer in global health. Activities include research, field activities, service projects, and life affirming experiences that have positive impact on education and global health. The OHSU Global Health

Chapman, Michael S.

391

Deed to Donation of Papers and Historical Materials University Archives  

E-print Network

Deed to Donation of Papers and Historical Materials to the University Archives University of Missouri (hereinafter referred to as the University), for inclusion in the University Archives of the University of Missouri-Columbia (hereinafter referred to as the University Archives), the papers and other

Taylor, Jerry

392

Laparoscopic kidney donation - giving in the best way possible.  

PubMed

Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is the preferred method of living kidney donation at most transplant centres. There are various techniques, all with their own reported benefits. This editorial gives a brief overview of the various methods in the context of ensuring maximum safety and benefit to the donor without compromising kidney transplant outcomes. PMID:25216092

Thomson, David Alexander; Muller, Elmi; Kahn, Delawir

2014-06-01

393

CfA Home HCO Home SAO Home Donate Search  

E-print Network

the strength of early Solar nebular magnetic fields. Chondrules are millimetersized constituents of primitiveCfA Home HCO Home SAO Home Donate Search Measuring the Ancient Solar Nebula's Magnetic Field in the stellar wind or in the disk itself. Astronomers cannot currently directly measure magnetic field strengths

Walsworth, Ronald L.

394

Organ Donation and Transplantation Training for Future Professional Nurses as a Health and Social Awareness Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionTraining and information for university nursing students about the organ donation and transplantation process is necessary because it will influence their attitudes toward the subject. We analyzed attitudes toward organ donation among nursing students in a donation and transplantation training course and any changes in opinions as a result of the course.

M. J. López-Montesinos; J. T. Manzanera Saura; M. Mikla; A. Ríos; A. López-Navas; L. Martínez-Alarcón; M. M. Rodríguez; P. Ramírez

2010-01-01

395

The Trend of Body Donation for Education Based on Korean Social and Religious Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes the shift in cultural beliefs on body donation in South Korea. Due to the merging of western and eastern medicine practices in Korea an increase in the past century of body donations has occurred. The article suggests how celebrations of donated bodies has benefited medical education and public health.

2011-01-11

396

31 CFR 597.511 - In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services... § 597.511 In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...S. persons of in-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and...

2011-07-01

397

31 CFR 597.511 - In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services... § 597.511 In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...S. persons of in-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and...

2010-07-01

398

31 CFR 594.515 - In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services... § 594.515 In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...authorized to provide in-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and...

2010-07-01

399

31 CFR 595.513 - In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services... § 595.513 In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...authorized to provide in-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and...

2010-07-01

400

31 CFR 595.513 - In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services... § 595.513 In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...authorized to provide in-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and...

2011-07-01

401

31 CFR 594.515 - In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services... § 594.515 In-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and medical services...authorized to provide in-kind donations of medicine, medical devices, and...

2011-07-01

402

Voices of Donors: Case Reports of Body Donation in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Body donation is important for medical education and academic research. However, it is relatively rare in Hong Kong when compared with many Western countries. Comprehensive research has been performed on the motivation for body donation in Western countries; however, there is still insufficient research on body donation in Hong Kong to provide…

Chiu, Hei Yeung; Ng, Kwok Sing; Ma, Sin Kwan; Chan, Chi Hung; Ng, Sheung Wah; Tipoe, George L.; Chan, Lap Ki

2012-01-01

403

Evaluation of the Willingness for Cadaveric Donation in Greece: A Population-Based Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the importance of body donation for medical education and the advancement of medical science, cadaveric donation remains suboptimal worldwide. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the willingness of body donation in Greece and determine the characteristics of donors. This cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted from January…

Halou, Heidi; Chalkias, Athanasios; Mystrioti, Dimitra; Iacovidou, Nicoletta; Vasileiou, Panagiotis V.S.; Xanthos, Theodoros

2013-01-01

404

36 CFR 1256.30 - How do I obtain access to donated historical materials?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01...access to donated historical materials? 1256.30 Section 1256...Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS...RECORDS AND DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Donated...

2011-07-01

405

36 CFR 1256.30 - How do I obtain access to donated historical materials?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2013-07-01 2012-07-01...access to donated historical materials? 1256.30 Section 1256...Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS...RECORDS AND DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Donated...

2013-07-01

406

36 CFR 1256.36 - When can I appeal decisions about access to donated historical materials?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01...access to donated historical materials? 1256.36 Section 1256...Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS...RECORDS AND DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Donated...

2014-07-01

407

36 CFR 1256.36 - When can I appeal decisions about access to donated historical materials?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2013-07-01 2012-07-01...access to donated historical materials? 1256.36 Section 1256...Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS...RECORDS AND DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Donated...

2013-07-01

408

36 CFR 1256.36 - When can I appeal decisions about access to donated historical materials?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01...access to donated historical materials? 1256.36 Section 1256...Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS...RECORDS AND DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Donated...

2011-07-01

409

36 CFR 1256.36 - When can I appeal decisions about access to donated historical materials?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01...access to donated historical materials? 1256.36 Section 1256...Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS...RECORDS AND DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Donated...

2010-07-01

410

36 CFR 1256.30 - How do I obtain access to donated historical materials?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01...access to donated historical materials? 1256.30 Section 1256...Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS...RECORDS AND DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Donated...

2010-07-01

411

36 CFR 1256.30 - How do I obtain access to donated historical materials?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01...access to donated historical materials? 1256.30 Section 1256...Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS...RECORDS AND DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Donated...

2014-07-01

412

36 CFR 1256.34 - How long may access to some donated historical materials be denied?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01...to some donated historical materials be denied? 1256.34 ...Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS...RECORDS AND DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Donated...

2011-07-01

413

36 CFR 1256.34 - How long may access to some donated historical materials be denied?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01...to some donated historical materials be denied? 1256.34 ...Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS...RECORDS AND DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Donated...

2014-07-01

414

36 CFR 1256.36 - When can I appeal decisions about access to donated historical materials?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01...access to donated historical materials? 1256.36 Section 1256...Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS...RECORDS AND DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Donated...

2012-07-01

415

36 CFR 1256.30 - How do I obtain access to donated historical materials?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01...access to donated historical materials? 1256.30 Section 1256...Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS...RECORDS AND DONATED HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Donated...

2012-07-01

416

Responses to different charity appeals: the impact of donor characteristics on the amount of donations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Posits that, at a time when demand for charity services is increasing and donations to charity are remaining static, careful administrative use of funds and accurate targeting of likely donors are vital for charities’ survival. Utilizes empirical data from a nationwide survey of donating behaviour to identify whether different characteristics of donors affect the levels of donation to various methods

Bodo B. Schlegelmilch; Alix Love; Adamantios Diamantopoulos

1997-01-01

417

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Regarding Whole Body Donation Among Medical Professionals in a Hospital in India  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article supports the body of literature documenting the need for increased education in body donation for medical education and the attitudes of medical practitioners towards donation (self and stranger). This article also contributes to the growing statistics about physician knowledge about the rules and regulations of cadaver donation.

2011-05-05

418

Gift Donation Form Glyndr University would like to thank you for supporting them through your donation to their Glyndr Giving  

E-print Network

Gift Donation Form Glyndr University would like to thank you for supporting them through your. Please note that we do NOT sell our information onto third parties. I would like my gift to support: General Glyndr Giving Fund Financial Contingency Fund I would like my gift to support (please tick): ONE

Davies, John N.

419

From potential donor to actual donation: does socioeconomic position affect living kidney donation? A systematic review of the evidence.  

PubMed

Evidence from Europe, Australia and the United States demonstrates that socioeconomically deprived individuals with advanced chronic kidney disease are less likely to receive a living kidney transplant compared with less deprived individuals. This systematic review focuses on how socioeconomic position (SEP) may influence hypothetical and actual living kidney donors and where appropriate, summarizes the quantitative evidence.In the general population, a higher SEP appears to be associated with an increased 'hypothetical' willingness to be a living kidney donor but with marked heterogeneity in the absolute differences (I = 95.9%, P < 0.001). In a commercial setting, lower SEP motivates people to donate. Outside of this setting, there is no evidence of discordance in the SEP of donors and recipients that would suggest undisclosed financial exchange. There is evidence for a complex interaction between SEP and other variables, such as ethnicity, sex, and the national economic climate. Some evidence suggests that measures to remove financial disincentives to donation are associated with an increase in living donation rates. Future research needs to study how SEP impacts the potential donor population from willingness to donate, progression through donor assessment to actual donor nephrectomy. PMID:25250649

Bailey, Phillippa; Tomson, Charles; Risdale, Saira; Ben-Shlomo, Yoav

2014-11-15

420

Autologous blood donation in a small general acute-care hospital.  

PubMed Central

Increased public concerns about infectious risk associated with homologous blood transfusions have led to a significant increase in autologous blood collections. In response, blood banks and large hospitals have implemented autologous blood donation programs (ABDPs). Small hospitals lack the technical resources and patient case loads to effectively institute ABDPs. A preoperative ABDP designed to increase availability and patient convenience--and, therefore, utilization--is described. The program created in a rural 90-bed general acute-care hospital processed 105 donors and collected 197 units over a 38-month period. The percentage of the collected units that were transfused was 44.7%, and only 6.1% of participating patients required homologous transfusions. Comparisons of hematological and clinical data with previously published results indicate that small-scale preoperative ABDPs are clinically effective, safe, and provide cost-efficient utilization of the safest blood supply available. PMID:7674344

Mott, L. S.; Jones, M. J.

1995-01-01

421

Do the myths still exist? Revisiting people's negative beliefs about organ donation upon death.  

PubMed

The prevalence of myths preventing people partial to donation in Australia from consenting is unknown. Respondents (N = 468: 381 donors, 26 non-donors, 61 undecided) were surveyed about their (negative) donation beliefs. Approximately 30% of donors were neutral or supported negative beliefs about organ allocation, especially donation to undesirable organ recipients and a black market organ trade. Confusion about brain death, lack of family and religious support, and discomfort with donation were negative beliefs endorsed by some respondents irrespective of donor preference. Proportionally, donors had greater trust in hospitals/doctors than other groups. Some myths still exist but may vary with donation preference. PMID:22304301

Hyde, Melissa K; Wihardjo, Kylie R; White, Katherine M

2012-01-01

422

Nuclear proliferation and civilian nuclear power. Report of the Nonproliferation Alternative Systems Assessment Program. Volume IX. Reactor and fuel cycle description  

SciTech Connect

The Nonproliferation Alterntive Systems Assessment Program (NASAP) has characterized and assessed various reactor/fuel-cycle systems. Volume IX provides, in summary form, the technical descriptions of the reactor/fuel-cycle systems studied. This includes the status of the system technology, as well as a discussion of the safety, environmental, and licensing needs from a technical perspective. This information was then used in developing the research, development, and demonstration (RD and D) program, including its cost and time frame, to advance the existing technology to the level needed for commercial use. Wherever possible, the cost data are given as ranges to reflect the uncertainties in the estimates.

Not Available

1980-06-01

423

Severe events in donors after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell donation  

PubMed Central

Background The risk for donors of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells transplants is generally considered negligible. Scattered reports of severe complications and a recent controversy on hematopoietic malignancies after granulocyte colony-stimulating factor administration have challenged this opinion. Design and Methods Three hundred and thirty-eight allogeneic transplant teams from 35 primarily European countries were asked to report numbers of fatalities, severe adverse events and hematologic malignancies occurring among their hematopoietic stem cell donors. Results Two hundred and sixty-two of the 338 teams (77.5%) responded to a first survey (1993–2002) and 169 of the 262 responder teams (65%) to a second survey (2003–2005). They had performed a total of 51,024 first allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantations, of which 27,770 were bone marrow and 23,254 peripheral blood. They observed five donor fatalities, one after a bone marrow donation and four after peripheral blood donation (incidence 0.98 per 10,000 donations; 95% CI 0.32–2.29), 37 severe adverse events (7.25/10,000; 95% CI 5.11–9.99), of which 12 in bone marrow donors (4.32/10,000; 95% CI 2.24–7.75) and 25 in peripheral blood donors (10.76/10,000; 95% CI 6.97–15.85; p<0.05) and 20 hematologic malignancies (3.92/10,000; 95% CI 2.39–6.05), of which 8 after donating bone marrow and 12 after donating peripheral blood stem cells. The observed incidence rate of hematologic malignancies did not exceed the expected incidence in an age- and sex-adjusted general population. Conclusions Hematopoietic stem cell donation is associated with a small but definite risk of fatalities and serious adverse events. True incidences might be higher, due to potential underreporting by study design. A continuous, standardized donor follow-up is needed to define donor risk groups and to monitor intermediate and long-term sequelae. PMID:19059940

Halter, Joerg; Kodera, Yoshihisa; Ispizua, Alvaro Urbano; Greinix, Hildegard T.; Schmitz, Norbert; Favre, Geneviève; Baldomero, Helen; Niederwieser, Dietger; Apperley, Jane F.; Gratwohl, Alois

2009-01-01

424

Understanding the Role of Clergy in African American Organ and Tissue Donation Decision-Making  

PubMed Central

Objectives To describe and understand the attitudes, beliefs, and experiences towards organ and tissue donation among African American clergy in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. The secondary objective is to understand what messages clergy are providing to their parishioners relative to organ and tissue donation, and what their perceived role is in donation education. Design A qualitative study in which African American clergy (n = 26) participated in four focus groups. Results African American clergy, though generally supportive of organ and tissue donation in principle, have serious reservations about donation due to perceived inequalities in the donation and transplantation system. The clergy did not personally hold religious concerns about donation, but expressed that these concerns were a major barrier to donation among their parishioners. None of the clergy knew the written position that their religion took on donation; they acknowledged the need for more education for them and their parishioners on this topic. They also felt that as religious leaders, they could play an important role in promoting organ and tissue donation among African American parishioners. Conclusions African American clergy and religious leaders may play an important role towards improving willingness to donate among African American parishioners, but more education and advocacy is needed to prepare them for this role. PMID:17978944

Jacob Arriola, Kimberly R.; Perryman, Jennie P.; Doldren, Michelle A.; Warren, Carmen M.; Robinson, Dana H. Z.

2012-01-01

425

A descriptive study of the barriers to study abroad in engineering undergraduate education and recommendations for program design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study analyzed and compared the program designs of international exchange and internship programs for engineering students in the United States and the European Union (E.U.) as well as the extent to which these programs have removed barriers to study abroad. The purpose of this study was to provide recommendations for the design of international programs in the U.S. that would increase the proportion of engineering students who choose to study or intern abroad. Coordinators of international programs in engineering were surveyed about their perceptions of program success and a number of variables related to program design. A Chi-Square Test of Independence of (A) program success and (B) European and U.S. programs (i.e. institution location) cross-tabulated with all other variables and each other indicated those variables that contribute to the success of programs and those variables that are associated with either U.S. or European programs. In addition, all programs were described and the answers to open-ended survey questions were analyzed quantitatively. The analyses indicated that European programs tend to be more successful in implementing study/intern abroad programs for engineering students than U.S. programs. The elements of program design contributing to the greater success of European programs and the success of specific U.S. programs were described. In addition, the characteristics of overall successful programs (U.S. and E.U. data combined) were explained. The results indicated that successful programs tend to: (1) be promoted by the college and/or departments of engineering, (2) offer study/intern abroad opportunities in English-speaking settings, (3) award full credit at the home institution for required engineering courses completed at the host institution, (4) offer scholarships and financial aid for participation in the program, (5) require participating students to have completed their second year of university course work prior to applying to the program, and (6) eliminate the barrier "stringent curricular design, sequencing, and requirements reflecting accreditation standards." In addition, programs tend to be successful at institutions that require foreign language study for an undergraduate degree in engineering. Recommendations were provided for the design of U.S. programs that would increase engineering student participation in international experiences.

Klahr, Sabine Christine

426

Standardized deceased donor kidney donation rates in the UK reveal marked regional variation and highlight the potential for increasing kidney donation: a prospective cohort study†  

PubMed Central

Background The UK has implemented a national strategy for organ donation that includes a centrally coordinated network of specialist nurses in organ donation embedded in all intensive care units and a national organ retrieval service for deceased organ donors. We aimed to determine whether despite the national approach to donation there is significant regional variation in deceased donor kidney donation rates. Methods The UK prospective audit of deaths in critical care was analysed for a cohort of patients who died in critical care between April 2010 and December 2011. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the factors associated with kidney donation. The logistic regression model was then used to produce risk-adjusted funnel plots describing the regional variation in donation rates. Results Of the 27 482 patients who died in a critical care setting, 1528 (5.5%) became kidney donors. Factors found to influence donation rates significantly were: type of critical care [e.g. neurointensive vs general intensive care: OR 1.53, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.34–1.75, P<0.0001], patient ethnicity (e.g. ‘Asian’ vs ‘white’: OR 0.17, 95% CI 0.11–0.26, P<0.0001), age (e.g. age >69 vs age 18–39 yr: OR 0.2, 0.15–0.25, P<0.0001), and cause of death [e.g. ‘other’ (excluding ‘stroke’ and ‘trauma’) vs ‘trauma’: OR 0.04, 95% CI 0.03–0.05, P<0.0001]. Despite correction for these variables, kidney donation rates for the 20 UK kidney donor regions showed marked variation. The overall standardized donation rate ranged from 3.2 to 7.5%. Four regions had donation rates of >2 standard deviations (sd) from the mean (two below and two above). Regional variation was most marked for donation after circulatory death (DCD) kidney donors with 9 of the 20 regions demonstrating donation rates of >2 sd from the mean (5 below and 4 above). Conclusions The marked regional variation in kidney donation rates observed in this cohort after adjustment for factors strongly associated with donation rates suggests that there is considerable scope for further increasing kidney donation rates in the UK, particularly DCD. PMID:24335581

Summers, D. M.; Johnson, R. J.; Hudson, A. J.; Collett, D.; Murphy, P.; Watson, C. J. E.; Neuberger, J. M.; Bradley, J. A.

2014-01-01

427

Special Report on the Data Collection Programs for the Ground Based Nitrogen Washout Experiment. Volume 2 - Detailed Program Descriptions, Listings, Examples and Hardware Specifications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Personal data input, decompression data, nitrogen washout, nitrogen data, and update computer programs are described. Input data and formats; program output, reports, and data; program flowcharts; program listings; sample runs with input and output pages; hardware operation; and engineering data are provided.

1982-01-01

428

Legal and ethical issues related to nonheart beating organ donation.  

PubMed

Major breakthroughs in immunosuppressant medication and advances in surgical techniques have increased the number of successful transplantations, but the demand for organs far outweighs the supply. People continue to die while waiting for donor organs to become available. Nonheart beating organ donation is a means of increasing the supply of organs to be transplanted. It is based on cardiac cessation criteria. This article explores the ethical and legal considerations, as well as implications for perioperative nurses. PMID:12769327

McKenney, Elizabeth; Parker, Bridgette

2003-05-01

429

The After-School Program for School-Age Children. A Descriptive Report. Report No. 13, Vol. 25.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the administrative structure and program design for an after-school program for school age children (aged between 5 and 13 years) in the 1990-91 school year in the Atlanta (Georgia) Public Schools (APS). The program took policy and regulations from the pertinent Board of Education policy and guidelines and was administered by…

Popwell, Emma P.

430

UCSB HISTORY ASSOCIATES DONATION FORM If you wish to donate to any of the funds listed below, please print out this form, specify the award fund(s)  

E-print Network

UCSB HISTORY ASSOCIATES DONATION FORM If you wish to donate to any of the funds listed below as indicated, and mail to: UCSB History Associates c/o Community Relations UC Santa Barbara MC 1136 Santa Barbara CA 931061136 On behalf of the History Associates and the entire campus, sincere thanks

California at Santa Barbara, University of

431

Clarifying the paradigm for the ethics of donation and transplantation: Was 'dead' really so clear before organ donation?  

PubMed Central

Recent commentaries by Verheijde et al, Evans and Potts suggesting that donation after cardiac death practices routinely violate the dead donor rule are based on flawed presumptions. Cell biology, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, critical care life support technologies, donation and transplantation continue to inform concepts of life and death. The impact of oxygen deprivation to cells, organs and the brain is discussed in relation to death as a biological transition. In the face of advancing organ support and replacement technologies, the reversibility of cardiac arrest is now purely related to the context in which it occurs, in association to the availability and application of support systems to maintain oxygenated circulation. The 'complete and irreversible' lexicon commonly used in death discussions and legal statutes are ambiguous, indefinable and should be replaced by accurate terms. Criticism of controlled DCD on the basis of violating the dead donor rule, where autoresuscitation has not been described beyond 2 minutes, in which life support is withdrawn and CPR is not provided, is not valid. However, any post mortem intervention that re-establishes brain blood flow should be prohibited. In comparison to traditional practice, organ donation has forced the clarification of the diagnostic criteria for death and improved the rigour of the determinations. PMID:17718918

Shemie, Sam D

2007-01-01

432

Home Literacy Experiences and Early Childhood Disability: A Descriptive Study Using the National Household Education Surveys (NHES) Program Database  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The present article illustrates how the National Household Education Surveys (NHES; U.S. Department of Education, 2009) database might be used to address questions of relevance to researchers who are concerned with literacy development among young children. Following a general description of the NHES database, a study is provided that…

Breit-Smith, Allison; Cabell, Sonia Q.; Justice, Laura M.

2010-01-01

433

Revised description of index of Florida water data collection active stations and a user's guide for station or site information retrieval computer program FINDEX H578  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The report is an update of U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-703, which described a retrieval program for administrative index of active data-collection sites in Florida. Extensive changes to the Findex system have been made since 1977 , making the previous report obsolete. A description of the data base and computer programs that are available in the Findex system are documented in this report. This system serves a vital need in the administration of the many and diverse water-data collection activities. District offices with extensive data-collection activities will benefit from the documentation of the system. Largely descriptive, the report tells how a file of computer card images has been established which contains entries for all sites in Florida at which there is currently a water-data collection activity. Entries include information such as identification number, station name, location, type of site, county, frequency of data collection, funding, and other pertinent details. The computer program FINDEX selectively retrieves entries and lists them in a format suitable for publication. The index is updated routinely. (USGS)

Geiger, Linda H.

1983-01-01

434

CONFERENCE SUMMARY--FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE. THE DESCRIPTION AND DEMONSTRATION OF A GUIDANCE PROGRAM IN ONE DISTRICT K-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

VARIOUS ASPECTS OF THE PALO ALTO GUIDANCE PROGRAM WERE PRESENTED AT THE CONFERENCE. THE OBJECTIVES OF THE PROGRAM WERE BASED ON THE BELIEF THAT GUIDANCE SHOULD FOSTER INDIVIDUALIZATION IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ALL CHILDREN BY PROVIDING CONDITIONS WHICH WOULD ENSURE THIS INDIVIDUALIZATION. THESE TWO THEORETICAL CONSTRUCTS, REINFORCEMENT THEORY AND…

Palo Alto Unified School District, CA.

435

Computer prediction of three-dimensional potential flow fields in which aircraft propellers operate: Computer program description and users manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A method was developed for predicting the potential flow velocity field at the plane of a propeller operating under the influence of a wing-fuselage-cowl or nacelle combination. A computer program was written which predicts the three dimensional potential flow field. The contents of the program, its input data, and its output results are described.

Jumper, S. J.

1979-01-01

436

A Descriptive Study of the Two Texas Extension Programs: Agents’ Perceptions, Understanding and Recommendations for Strengthening the Partnership  

E-print Network

Extension programs. Seventy-eight agents participated in the study, of which, 73% (N=57) were employed by Texas AgriLife Extension Service and 24% (N=19) were employed by the Cooperative Extension Program. Cohen's D Effect Size was used to determine...

Stueart-Davis, Sonja Latrice

2012-10-19

437

Program Description The National Science Foundation funded ADVANCE-Nebraska from September 2008 to August 2013 with a  

E-print Network

-track and tenured Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) women faculty at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), 2) increasing the retention of women STEM faculty at UNL and support their promotion the success of women STEM faculty. Program Activities and Reach Programming, focused on tenured and tenure

Farritor, Shane

438

Winning Hearts and Minds: Using Psychology to Promote Voluntary Organ Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent psychological research concerning determinantsof and barriers to organ donation is reviewed with theintention of ascertaining acceptable and potentiallyeffective ways of improving organ retrieval. On thebasis of this review, five recommendations are made.(1) Individuals' donation wishes, where explicit,should be decisive. (2) Next of kin should witnessdonor decisions. (3) Mandated choice should replacevoluntary `opting-in'. (4) Initial donation choicesshould be repeatedly re-evaluated.

Tom Farsides

2000-01-01

439

Aquifer descriptions from the U.S. Geological Survey Regional Aquifer-System Analysis Program, 1978-1993  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Regional Aquifer-System Analysis Program of the U.S. Geological Survey began in 1978. The overall purpose of this program is to define the geologic, hydrologic, and geochemical framework of the Nation's most important aquifers and aquifer systems. This report summarizes the aquifer or aquifer system name, geographic area, rock units, equivalent names, lithology, thickness, hydrologic characteristics, water quality, water use, and references for 157 aquifers in 23 areas of the United States. A .zip file containing the aquifer data and data search programs (in compressed ASCII format) is included in the report.

Davidson, Claire B.; Doherty, Helen

1994-01-01

440

Donating blood and organs: using an extended theory of planned behavior perspective to identify similarities and differences in individual motivations to donate.  

PubMed

Due to the critical shortage and continued need of blood and organ donations (ODs), research exploring similarities and differences in the motivational determinants of these behaviors is needed. In a sample of 258 university students, we used a cross-sectional design to test the utility of an extended theory of planned behavior (TPB) including moral norm, self-identity and in-group altruism (family/close friends and ethnic group), to predict people's blood and OD intentions. Overall, the extended TPB explained 77.0% and 74.6% of variance in blood and OD intentions, respectively. In regression analyses, common contributors to intentions across donation contexts were attitude, self-efficacy and self-identity. Normative influences varied with subjective norm as a significant predictor related to OD intentions but not blood donation intentions at the final step of regression analyses. Moral norm did not contribute significantly to blood or OD intentions. In-group altruism (family/close friends) was significantly related to OD intentions only in regressions. Future donation strategies should increase confidence to donate, foster a perception of self as the type of person who donates blood and/or organs, and address preferences to donate organs to in-group members only. PMID:23943782

Hyde, Melissa K; Knowles, Simon R; White, Katherine M

2013-12-01

441

Voices of donors: case reports of body donation in Hong Kong.  

PubMed

Body donation is important for medical education and academic research. However, it is relatively rare in Hong Kong when compared with many Western countries. Comprehensive research has been performed on the motivation for body donation in Western countries; however, there is still insufficient research on body donation in Hong Kong to provide information on how to increase the body-donation rate. To understand the factors involved in the decision to donate one's body, the authors interviewed a registered donor and the daughter of another donor in Hong Kong. The authors interpreted the information collected in light of the available published reports, which mostly focus on body donation in Western countries. Despite the consistency of some demographic factors and motivations between the participants in our study and those investigated in the published reports from Western countries, there are differences in education level and socioeconomic status between the donors in our study and those from Western studies. The authors also suggest that Confucianism and Buddhism in Chinese culture may motivate potential body donors in Hong Kong. Other important factors that influence the body-donation decision may include family members' body donation, registration as organ donors, and good doctor-patient relationships. Although case report studies have their limitations, this study allows us to explore the complexity of events and establish the interconnectivity of factors involved in body donation, which could not be achieved in previous survey-based studies. PMID:22532489

Chiu, Hei Yeung; Ng, Kwok Sing; Ma, Sin Kwan; Chan, Chi Hung; Ng, Sheung Wah; Tipoe, George L; Chan, Lap Ki

2012-01-01

442

Influence factors for successful corneal donation among Chinese adults: data from Nanjing between 2001 and 2012  

PubMed Central

AIM To investigate the factors that may influence the successful corneal donation among adults in China. METHODS This retrospective study was conducted in 2012. The eligible participants were all the adults registered in Nanjing Red Cross Eye Bank to donate their corneas after death during the period of 2001 and 2012. Multivariate logistic regression models were applied to investigate the influence factors for successful donation, the outcome events. RESULTS Totally, 210 of 328 (64.0%) registered potential donors successfully donated their corneas after death. The mean (SD) age at registration was 64.7 (12.5) for all participants, with 65.5 (10.1) and 63.2 (15.8) for successful and unsuccessful donors, respectively. With multivariate logistic regression analysis, five factors, the willingness of donation, age, education level, residence area, and cause of death were identified to be associated with successful corneal donation. CONCLUSION The willingness of donation and some socio-demographic factors might substantially affect their successful donation after death for people who registered to donate corneas.

Chen, Li-Xun; Liu, Qing-Huai

2014-01-01

443

Cadaver organ donation and moral distress: a staff nurse's perspective.  

PubMed

Current advancements in medical science, such as the progress seen in the area of organ transplantation, brings with it many ethical dilemmas for which there are no precedents. Obtaining informed consent for cadaver organ donation requires perioperative nurses to confront the moral responsibility that they have to their patients, their patients' families, and to the nursing profession as a whole. The perioperative nurse must question his or her own moral and cultural beliefs, face their own fears of death, and confront societal misconceptions about brain death. This evolution is emotionally demanding and often stresses one's support systems. However, with self-discovery and education, it can also be very rewarding. PMID:8718402

Boswell, S

1996-04-01

444

Expanding the donor pool: donation after cardiac death.  

PubMed

Lung transplantation (LTx) is the definitive treatment of patients with end-stage lung disease. Availability of donor lungs remains the primary limitation and leads to substantial wait-list mortality. Efforts to expand the donor pool have included a resurgence of interest in the use of donation after cardiac death (DCD) lungs. Unique in its physiology, lung viability seems more tolerant to the variable durations of ischemia that occur in DCD donors. Initial experience with DCD LTx is promising and, in combination with ex vivo lung perfusion systems, seems a valuable opportunity to expand the lung donor pool. PMID:25430428

Elgharably, Haytham; Shafii, Alexis E; Mason, David P

2015-01-01

445

Excellence in Radiation Research for the 21st Century (EIRR21): Description of an Innovative Research Training Program  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To describe and assess an interdisciplinary research training program for graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and clinical fellows focused on radiation medicine; funded by the Canadian Institutes for Health Research since 2003, the program entitled 'Excellence in Radiation Research for the 21st Century' (EIRR21) aims to train the next generation of interdisciplinary radiation medicine researchers. Methods and Materials: Online surveys evaluating EIRR21 were sent to trainees (n=56), mentors (n=36), and seminar speakers (n=72). Face-to-face interviews were also conducted for trainee liaisons (n=4) and participants in the international exchange program (n=2). Results: Overall response rates ranged from 53% (mentors) to 91% (trainees). EIRR21 was well received by trainees, with the acquisition of several important skills related to their research endeavors. An innovative seminar series, entitled Brainstorm sessions, imparting 'extracurricular' knowledge in intellectual property protection, commercialization strategies, and effective communication, was considered to be the most valuable component of the program. Networking with researchers in other disciplines was also facilitated owing to program participation. Conclusions: EIRR21 is an innovative training program that positively impacts the biomedical community and imparts valuable skill sets to foster success for the future generation of radiation medicine researchers.

P'ng, Christine [Radiation Medicine Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)] [Radiation Medicine Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Ito, Emma [Radiation Medicine Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada) [Radiation Medicine Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Ontario Cancer Institute, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); How, Christine [Ontario Cancer Institute, Toronto, Ontario (Canada) [Ontario Cancer Institute, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Bezjak, Andrea [Radiation Medicine Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada) [Radiation Medicine Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Bristow, Rob [Radiation Medicine Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada) [Radiation Medicine Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Ontario Cancer Institute, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Catton, Pam; Fyles, Anthony; Gospodarowicz, Mary [Radiation Medicine Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada) [Radiation Medicine Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Jaffray, David [Radiation Medicine Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada) [Radiation Medicine Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Kelley, Shana [Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)] [Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Wong Shun [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada) [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Odette Cancer Center, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Liu Feifei, E-mail: Fei-Fei.Liu@rmp.uhn.on.ca [Radiation Medicine Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Ontario Cancer Institute, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

2012-08-01

446

7 CFR 250.68 - Nutrition Services Incentive Program (NSIP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Nutrition Services Incentive Program (NSIP...of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...Other Donated Food Outlets § 250.68 Nutrition Services Incentive Program...

2011-01-01

447

7 CFR 250.68 - Nutrition Services Incentive Program (NSIP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Nutrition Services Incentive Program (NSIP...of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...Other Donated Food Outlets § 250.68 Nutrition Services Incentive Program...

2012-01-01

448

7 CFR 250.68 - Nutrition Services Incentive Program (NSIP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Nutrition Services Incentive Program (NSIP...of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...Other Donated Food Outlets § 250.68 Nutrition Services Incentive Program...

2014-01-01

449

7 CFR 250.68 - Nutrition Services Incentive Program (NSIP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Nutrition Services Incentive Program (NSIP...of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...Other Donated Food Outlets § 250.68 Nutrition Services Incentive Program...

2013-01-01

450

A descriptive analysis of transitional housing programs for survivors of intimate partner violence in the United States.  

PubMed

The Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) of 2005 focuses on safe and independent housing for survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV). The focus on housing in the latest version of VAWA suggests recognition by Congress that removing barriers and increasing access to safe housing is critical to our nation's response to IPV, and that this type of systems-level response is necessary to reduce the link between IPV and subsequent homelessness. This study examines the current state of transitional housing programs (THPs) and discusses future program considerations, including the need for evaluation studies that consider the possible impact that transitional housing programs have on the rates of violence toward women and their children, and on women's ability to achieve economic stability after separating from their abusive partners. PMID:19218545

Baker, Charlene K; Niolon, Phyllis Holditch; Oliphant, Hilary

2009-04-01

451

A doublet lattice method for the determination of rotor induced empennage vibration airloads. Analysis description and program documentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An efficient state-of-the-art method was developed to determine the unteady vibratory airloads produced by the interaction of the main rotor wake with a helicopter empennage. This method was incorporated into a computer program, Rotor Induced Empennage Vibration Analysis (RIEVA). The program requires the main rotor wake position and the strength of the vortices locates near the empennage surfaces. A nonlinear lifting surface analysis is utilized to predict the aerodynamic loads on the empennage surfaces in the presence of these concentrated vortices. The analysis was formulated to include all pertinent effects such as suction of the interacting vortices and the shed vorticity behind the empennage surfaces. The analysis employs a time domain solution. The output of the program consists of chordwise and spanwise airload distributions on the empennage surfaces. The airload distributions are harmonically analyzed and formulated for input into the Coupled Rotor/Airframe Vibration Analysis.

Gangwani, S. T.

1982-01-01

452

EULID project: European living donation and public health.  

PubMed

The choice of transplantation from a living donor offers advantages over a deceased donor. However, it also carries disadvantages related to donor risks in terms of health and safety. Furthermore, there are several controversial ethical aspects to be taken into account. Several national and international institutions and the scientific community have stated standards that have great influence on professional codes and legislations. Living organ donation and transplantation are to some extent regulated by parliamentary acts in most European countries. It is necessary to take a step forward to develop a legal framework to regulate all of these processes to guarantee the quality and to prevent illegal and nonethical practices. It is also necessary to develop and implement living donor protection practices not only in terms of physical health, but also to minimize potential impacts on the psychological, social, and economic spheres. Finally, an additional effort should be made to create a database model with recommendations for registration practices as part of the standardized follow-up care for the living donor. The European Living Donation (EULID) project's (http://www.eulivingdonor.eu/) main objective was to contribute to a European consensus to set standards and recommendations about legal, ethical, and living donor protection practices to guarantee the health and safety of living donors. PMID:19715823

Manyalich, M; Ricart, A; Martínez, I; Balleste, C; Paredes, D; Vilardell, J; Avsec, D; Dias, L; Fehrman-Eckholm, I; Hiesse, C; Kyriakides, G; Line, P D; Maxwell, A; Nanni Costa, A; Paez, G; Turcu, R; Walaszewski, J

2009-01-01

453

Variability in protocols on donation after circulatory death in Europe  

PubMed Central

Introduction Organ donation after circulatory death (DCD) has become an accepted strategy to reduce the shortage of organs for transplantation in many European countries. The use and number of DCD donors varies between countries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the available protocols for DCD in Europe. Methods We contacted national transplant societies and responsible transplant co-ordinators in the countries that perform DCD to obtain DCD protocols. We compared information on the protocols and additional data including: inclusion and exclusion criteria for donation, legislation, determination of death and preservation methods. Results In ten European countries DCD is performed, eight of which describe the methods in protocols. There are large differences in used DCD categories, legislation and the way death is determined. Protocols differ in the detail in which DCD procedures are described and the way methods are supported by additional consensus statements and ethical frameworks. Conclusions Although DCD is an established strategy to enlarge the donor pool and to contribute to the reduction of the waiting list for transplantation, its potential has not been fully utilized yet. To further promote DCD transplantation, it is important to share expertise and obtain consensus, so that this can be translated into more uniform and solid protocols supported by the competent authorities, transplant and intensive care professionals, which may eventually result in a further promotion of DCD transplantation in Europe. PMID:24090229

2013-01-01

454

Population income and longitudinal trends in living kidney donation in the United States.  

PubMed

Living kidney donation is declining in the United States. We examined longitudinal trends in living donation as a function of median household income and donor relation to assess the effect of financial barriers on donation in a changing economic environment. The zip code-level median household income of all 71,882 living donors was determined by linkage to the 2000 US Census. Longitudinal changes in the rate of donation were determined in income quintiles between 1999 and 2004, when donations were increasing, and between 2005 and 2010, when donations were declining. Rates were adjusted for population differences in age, sex, race, and ESRD rate using multilevel linear regression models. Between 1999 and 2004, the rate of growth in living donation per million population was directly related to income, increasing progressively from the lowest to highest income quintile, with annualized changes of 0.55 (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.14 to 1.05) for Q1 and 1.77 (95% CI, 0.66 to 2.77) for Q5 (P<0.05). Between 2005 and 2010, donation declined in Q1, Q2, and Q3; was stable in Q4; and continued to grow in Q5. Longitudinal changes varied by donor relationship, and the association of income with longitudinal changes also varied by donor relationship. In conclusion, changes in living donation in the past decade varied by median household income, resulting in increased disparities in donation between low- and high-income populations. These findings may inform public policies to support living donation during periods of economic volatility. PMID:25035519

Gill, Jagbir; Dong, Jianghu; Gill, John

2015-01-01

455

Motivators and Barriers to Blood Donation in African American College Students  

PubMed Central

Background An adequate blood supply depends on volunteer non-remunerated blood donors. African Americans have lower blood donation rates than whites. To improve African American blood donation rates, the motivators and barriers to African Americans must be explored. To study the differences in motivators and barriers to blood donation between donor and non-donor African American college students. Methods African Americans college students at two Historically Black Colleges and Universities completed a 41-item, self-administered questionnaire, which assessed participant’s donation frequency, motivators and barriers toward donation, and knowledge and beliefs towards blood donation. Results 364 primarily female college students (96% African Americans, 93% female) completed the questionnaire. 49% reported prior blood donation experience (donors) and 51% were non-donors. The primary motivator for donors and non-donors was convenience (89% donor, 82% non-donor). Donors were more likely than non-donors to disagree with statements regarding blood donation as being too painful (82% donor, 44% non-donor), resulting in feeling faint, dizzy, or nauseated (61% donor, 29% non-donor). Donors more often agreed that the blood supply is safe (77% donor, 58% non-donor), less often concerned about receiving a transfusion (61% donor, 73% non-donor), and more often aware of local blood shortages (50% donor, 35% non-donor). Conclusions African Americans female college students are willing to donate blood given convenience and support from their university. Educational campaigns to increase knowledge regarding the safety of the blood donation process and the ongoing needs of an adequate blood supply might be effective methods to increase blood donation. PMID:19782000

Shaz, Beth H.; Demmons, Derrick G.; Crittenden, Colleen P.; Carnevale, Claudine V.; Lee, Mark; Burnett, Miriam; Easley, Kirk; Hillyer, Christopher D.

2009-01-01

456

Home-based family intervention increases knowledge, communication and living donation rates: a randomized controlled trial.  

PubMed

Our aim was to develop and test an educational program to support well-informed decision making among patients and their social network regarding living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT). One hundred sixty-three patients who were unable to find a living donor were randomized to standard care or standard care plus home-based education. In the education condition, patients and members of their social network participated in home-based educational meetings and discussed renal replacement therapy options. Patients and invitees completed pre-post self-report questionnaires measuring knowledge, risk perception, communication, self-efficacy and subjective norm. LDKT activities were observed for 6 months postintervention. Patients in the experimental group showed significantly more improvements in knowledge (p?donating a kidney (p?=?0.023) and willingness to donate a kidney (p?=?0.039) and a decrease in risk perception (p?=?0.003). Finally, there were significantly more inquiries (29/39 vs. 13/41, p?

Ismail, S Y; Luchtenburg, A E; Timman, R; Zuidema, W C; Boonstra, C; Weimar, W; Busschbach, J J V; Massey, E K

2014-08-01

457

Description and texts for the auxiliary programs for processing video information on the YeS computer. Part 3: Test program 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The functions were discribed and the operating instructions, the block diagram and the proposed versions are given for modifying the program in order to obtain the statistical characteristics of multi-channel video information. The program implements certain man-machine methods for investigating video information. It permits representation of the material and its statistical characteristics in a form which is convenient for the user.

Borisenko, V. I., G.g.; Stetsenko, Z. A.

1980-01-01

458

Gulf Coast geopressured-geothermal program summary report compilation. Volume 2B: Resource description, program history, wells tested, university and company based research, site restoration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US Department of Energy established a geopressured-geothermal energy program in the mid 1970`s as one response to America`s need to develop alternate energy resources in view of the increasing dependence on imported fossil fuel energy. This program continued for 17 years and approximately two hundred million dollars were expended for various types of research and well testing to thoroughly

C. J. John; G. Maciasz; B. J. Harder

1998-01-01

459

Gulf Coast geopressured-geothermal program summary report compilation. Volume 2-A: Resource description, program history, wells tested, university and company based research, site restoration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US Department of Energy established a geopressured-geothermal energy program in the mid 1970`s as one response to America`s need to develop alternate energy resources in view of the increasing dependence on imported fossil fuel energy. This program continued for 17 years and approximately two hundred million dollars were expended for various types of research and well testing to thoroughly

C. J. John; G. Maciasz; B. J. Harder

1998-01-01

460

46 CFR 71.50-15 - Description of the Alternative Hull Examination (AHE) Program for certain passenger vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...with no more than three years between any two AHEs...accordance with § 71.50-29(d) provided that...interval does not exceed five years between any two underwater...receive credit up to five years. At the end of this period...Program. Note to § 71.50-15: The...

2014-10-01

461

46 CFR 71.50-15 - Description of the Alternative Hull Examination (AHE) Program for certain passenger vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...with no more than three years between any two AHEs...accordance with § 71.50-29(d) provided that...interval does not exceed five years between any two underwater...receive credit up to five years. At the end of this period...Program. Note to § 71.50-15: The...

2011-10-01

462

46 CFR 71.50-15 - Description of the Alternative Hull Examination (AHE) Program for certain passenger vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...with no more than three years between any two AHEs...accordance with § 71.50-29(d) provided that...interval does not exceed five years between any two underwater...receive credit up to five years. At the end of this period...Program. Note to § 71.50-15: The...

2010-10-01

463

46 CFR 71.50-15 - Description of the Alternative Hull Examination (AHE) Program for certain passenger vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...with no more than three years between any two AHEs...accordance with § 71.50-29(d) provided that...interval does not exceed five years between any two underwater...receive credit up to five years. At the end of this period...Program. Note to § 71.50-15: The...

2013-10-01

464

46 CFR 71.50-15 - Description of the Alternative Hull Examination (AHE) Program for certain passenger vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...with no more than three years between any two AHEs...accordance with § 71.50-29(d) provided that...interval does not exceed five years between any two underwater...receive credit up to five years. At the end of this period...Program. Note to § 71.50-15: The...

2012-10-01

465

Description and Results of the Air Force Research and Development Program for the Improvement of Maintenance Efficiency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview of the Air Force's Research and Development Program for the Improvement of Maintenance Efficiency is provided. First described are the steps found in any detailed task analysis, a process which results in the complete specification of each task involved in an overall maintenance effort. The factors influencing maintenance effectiveness…

Foley, John P., Jr.

466

A Descriptive Analysis of Supply Factors and Prices for USDA Foods in the National School Lunch Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose/Objectives: Schools that participate in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) receive a portion of their annual federal funding as commodity entitlement foods--now called USDA Foods--rather than cash payments. Due to rising food prices in recent years, it has been recommended that schools compare the costs and benefits of commodity and…

Peterson, Cora

2010-01-01

467

Drought description  

USGS Publications Warehouse

What constitutes a comprehensive description of drought, a description forming a basis for answering why a drought occurred is outlined. The description entails two aspects that are "naturally" coupled, named physical and economic, and treats the set of hydrologic measures of droughts in terms of their multivariate distribution, rather than in terms of a collection of the marginal distributions. ?? 1991 Springer-Verlag.

Matalas, N.C.

1991-01-01

468

Caring for Bereaved Families: Self-Efficacy in the Donation Request Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivated by an organ shortage, a primary objective of professionals involved with organ and tissue donation is to identify and modify key factors that facilitate or impede family consent. “Procedural” factors associated with the donation request process have been highlighted as target areas for change. Several studies have demonstrated that family consent rates increase when specific procedural knowledge and skills

Raelynn Maloney; Elizabeth M. Altmaier

2003-01-01

469

Increasing the Participation of Intensive Care Unit Nurses to Promote Deceased Donor Organ Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionIntensive care unit (ICU) nurses are viewed to have an important role in identifying potential donors to increase the donor pool. Our objectives were to assess their knowledge about organ donation, their attitudes concerning their presumed role in organ donation, and their motivation toward a more prominent role by 3 questionnaires administered before and after training on promotion of organ

L.-M. Lin; C.-C. Lin; H.-D. Lam; C.-L. Chen

2010-01-01

470

A cross-validation study of nurses’ attitudes and commitment to organ donation in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the attitudes and commitment to posthumous organ donation among a group of nurses (N=314) in a teaching hospital in Hong Kong. Attitude was operationally defined by a self-report measure of favorable or unfavorable feelings and beliefs about organ donation, whereas commitment was defined by having signed a donor card. Consistent with findings reported in the West, nurses

Kam Weng Boey

2002-01-01

471

What is a gift annuity? An SFU gift annuity is a donation of capital from  

E-print Network

What is a gift annuity? An SFU gift annuity is a donation of capital from you and a guaranteed rates. Gift annuities can be issued for a single lifetime or joint lifetimes for spouses. How does SFU manage Gift Annuities? The entire capital of your donation is invested in the SFU endowment fund

472

Some sociocultural aspects of cadaver organ donation: Recent rulings from Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cultural and social factors strongly influence cadaveric organ donation and removal. In Muslim countries such as Iran, there is general public resistance to removal of organs despite clear rulings from religious leaders. Recently, some religious authorities have waived family permission and allowed cadaver organ removal even if the deceased person had not made a declaration for organ donation. Scholars have

M. Raza; K. M. Hedayat

2004-01-01

473

Exposure to traumatic experiences is associated with abnormal neural mechanism during charitable donation.  

PubMed

Previous studies suggested that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) might be associated with dysfunctional reward processing. At present, little is known about the neural mechanisms of reward-related processing during a charitable donation task in trauma survivors who do not go on to develop PTSD. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the neural basis of charitable donation in non-PTSD survivors of the Sichuan earthquake. Results showed that activations in the striatum of trauma survivors were reduced in both the low donation (donated a small amount to the Red Cross) and the high donation conditions (donated a large amount to the Red Cross) compared with the healthy controls. Furthermore, the trauma survivors also exhibited less activity in the insula than the healthy controls in the high donation condition. These findings suggest that abnormal reward-related activations might be associated with dysfunctions in the reward pathway of trauma survivors. Also, we discuss the possibility that traumatic experiences attenuate the reactivity of reward-related brain areas to positive emotions (as induced by advantageous donations). PMID:23920149

Wei, Dongtao; Wang, Kangcheng; Shen, Yimo; Du, Xue; Li, Wenfu; Dupuis-Roy, Nicolas; Qiu, Jiang; Zhang, Qinglin

2013-10-30

474

Pregnancy established in an infertile patient after transfer of a donated embryo fertilised in vitro  

Microsoft Academic Search

In vitro fertilisation after stimulation of the ovulatory cycle has led to successful pregnancy. If more oocytes are recovered than are needed they may be left unfertilised, preserved, or donated to a recipient couple from whom oocytes cannot be obtained. A case of human pregnancy initiated by transfer of a donated embryo fertilised in vitro is reported. The donor was

A Trounson; J Leeton; M Besanko; C Wood; A Conti

1983-01-01

475

Who Donates Their Body to Science? An International, Multicenter, Prospective Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The altruistic act of body donation provides a precious resource for both teaching and researching human anatomy. However, relatively little is known about individuals who donate their bodies to science (donors), and in particular whether donors in different geographical locations share similar characteristics. A multicenter prospective survey of…

Cornwall, Jon; Perry, Gary F.; Louw, Graham; Stringer, Mark D.

2012-01-01

476

Sympathy and Callousness: The Impact of Deliberative Thought on Donations to Identifiable and Statistical Victims  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When donating to charitable causes, people do not value lives consistently. Money is often concentrated on a single victim even though more people would be helped, if resources were dispersed or spent protecting future victims. We examine the impact of deliberating about donation decisions on generosity. In a series of field experiments, we show…

Small, Deborah A.; Loewenstein, George; Slovic, Paul

2007-01-01

477

The Supply of and Demand for Charitable Donations to Higher Education. NBER Working Paper No. 18389  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Charitable donations are an important revenue source for many institutions of higher education. We explore how donations respond to economic and financial market shocks, accounting for both supply and demand channels through which these shocks operate. In panel data with fixed effects to control for unobservable differences across universities, we…

Brown, Jeffrey R.; Dimmock, Stephen G.; Weisbenner, Scott

2012-01-01

478

Attitudes towards embryo donation in Swedish women and men of reproductive age  

PubMed Central

Background When performing in-vitro fertilization (IVF), more embryos than needed are often derived. These embryos are usually frozen and stored, but as ruled by Swedish law they have to be discarded after 5 years. In other countries it is legal to donate the excess embryos to other infertile couples who for different reasons cannot undergo the procedure of IVF. The aim of the present study was to investigate public opinion in Sweden regarding different aspects of embryo donation. Methods A questionnaire regarding attitudes towards aspects of embryo donation was sent to a randomized sample of 1,000 Swedish women and men of reproductive age. Results A total of 34% responded to the questionnaires. A majority of the respondents (73%) were positive towards embryo donation. Seventy-five per cent agreed that it should be possible to donate embryos to infertile couples. Approximately half of the participants (49%) supported embryo donation to single women. A majority of the participants emphasized that demands should be imposed on the recipient's age (63%), alcohol addiction (79%), drug addiction (85%), and criminal record (67%). Forty-seven per cent of the respondents agreed that the recipient should be anonymous to the donor, and 38% thought that the donor should remain anonymous to the child. Conclusions The results of the present study indicate support for embryo donation among a subset of the Swedish population of reproductive age. If embryo donation were to be allowed in Sweden, strategies for treatment and counselling need to be developed. PMID:23786323

Prag, Frida; Skoog Svanberg, Agneta

2013-01-01

479

Increasing Donations to Supermarket Food-Bank Bins Using Proximal Prompts  

PubMed Central

There has been little research into interventions to increase participation in donating items to food-bank bins. In New Zealand, there has been an increased demand from food banks (Stewart, 2002). This study demonstrated that point-of-sale prompts can be an effective method of increasing donations to a supermarket food-bank bin. PMID:16813047

Farrimond, Samantha J; Leland, Louis S

2006-01-01

480

38 CFR 1.485a - Eye, organ and tissue donation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Eye, organ and tissue donation. 1.485a...Disclosures Without Patient Consent § 1.485a Eye, organ and tissue donation. A...individual is a suitable potential organ, eye, or tissue donor if: (a) The...

2013-07-01

481

38 CFR 1.485a - Eye, organ and tissue donation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Eye, organ and tissue donation. 1.485a...Disclosures Without Patient Consent § 1.485a Eye, organ and tissue donation. A...individual is a suitable potential organ, eye, or tissue donor if: (a) The...

2012-07-01

482

38 CFR 1.485a - Eye, organ and tissue donation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Eye, organ and tissue donation. 1.485a...Disclosures Without Patient Consent § 1.485a Eye, organ and tissue donation. A...individual is a suitable potential organ, eye, or tissue donor if: (a) The...

2014-07-01

483

38 CFR 1.485a - Eye, organ and tissue donation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Eye, organ and tissue donation. 1.485a...Disclosures Without Patient Consent § 1.485a Eye, organ and tissue donation. A...individual is a suitable potential organ, eye, or tissue donor if: (a) The...

2011-07-01

484

38 CFR 1.485a - Eye, organ and tissue donation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Eye, organ and tissue donation. 1.485a...Disclosures Without Patient Consent § 1.485a Eye, organ and tissue donation. A...individual is a suitable potential organ, eye, or tissue donor if: (a) The...

2010-07-01

485

Expanding organ donation in the UK: ethical, moral and logistical dilemmas.  

PubMed

In the UK, three patients die every day waiting for an organ transplant. Despite there being 18.7 million donors currently registered in the UK, donation rates remain low. This review discusses the legal, ethical and social aspects of organ donation in the UK, and looks at some controversial solutions adopted in other countries. PMID:24022552

Dave, Rajiv; James, Camilla; Ahmad, Niaz

2013-09-01

486

Attitude of Healthcare Professionals: A Major Limiting Factor in Organ Donation from Brain-Dead Donors  

PubMed Central

Public attitude toward deceased donor organ recovery in Poland is quite positive, with only 15% opposing to donation of their own organs, yet actual donation rate is only 16/pmp. Moreover, donation rate varies greatly (from 5 to 28 pmp) in different regions of the country. To identify the barriers of organ donation, we surveyed 587 physicians involved in brain death diagnosis from regions with low (LDR) and high donation rates (HDR). Physicians from LDR were twice more reluctant to start diagnostic procedure when clinical signs of brain death were present (14% versus 5.5% physicians from HDR who would not diagnose death, resp.). Twenty-five percent of LDR physicians (as opposed to 12% of physicians from HDR) would either continue with intensive therapy or confirm brain death and limit to the so-called minimal therapy. Only 32% of LDR physicians would proceed with brain death diagnosis regardless of organ donation, compared to 67% in HDR. When donation was not an option, mechanical ventilation would be continued more often in LDR regions (43% versus 26.7%; P < 0.01). In conclusion, low donation activity seems to be mostly due to medical staff attitude. PMID:25349721

Kosieradzki, Maciej; Jakubowska-Winecka, Anna; Feliksiak, Michal; Kawalec, Ilona; Zawilinska, Ewa; Danielewicz, Roman; Czerwinski, Jaroslaw; Malkowski, Piotr; Rowi?ski, Wojciech

2014-01-01

487

Altruistic, Cognitive and Attitudinal Determinants of Organ Donation Intention in Egypt: A Social Marketing Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the influence of various altruistic, cognitive, and attitudinal factors on the organ donation intention in Egypt. Using a large sample, a conceptual model has been developed. The findings from the structural equation model confirm the influence of the respondents' altruistic values, perceived benefits and risks, and knowledge on their attitudes towards organ donation. Respondents' attitudes towards organ

Mohamed M. Mostafa

2010-01-01

488

49 CFR 1004.1 - Gifts, donations, and hospitality by carriers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Gifts, donations, and hospitality by carriers. 1004.1 Section 1004.1 Transportation...ROUTING REGULATIONS § 1004.1 Gifts, donations, and hospitality by carriers. It is unlawful for any common carrier...

2010-10-01

489

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices regarding Whole Body Donation among Medical Professionals in a Hospital in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Voluntary body donation has become an important source of cadavers for anatomical study and education. The objective of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding whole body donation among medical professionals in a medical institute in India. A cross sectional study was conducted at Kasturba Hospital, Manipal,…

Ballala, Kirthinath; Shetty, Avinash; Malpe, Surekha Bhat

2011-01-01

490

A mental health first aid training program for Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples: description and initial evaluation  

PubMed Central

Background Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) training was developed in Australia to teach members of the public how to give initial help to someone developing a mental health problem or in a mental health crisis situation. However, this type of training requires adaptation for specific cultural groups in the community. This paper describes the adaptation of the program to create an Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Mental Health First Aid (AMHFA) course and presents an initial evaluation of its uptake and acceptability. Methods To evaluate the program, two types of data were collected: (1) quantitative data on uptake of the course (number of Instructors trained and courses subsequently run by these Instructors); (2) qualitative data on strengths, weaknesses and recommendations for the future derived from interviews with program staff and focus groups with Instructors and community participants. Results 199 Aboriginal people were trained as Instructors in a five day Instructor Training Course. With sufficient time following training, the majority of these Instructors subsequently ran 14-hour AMHFA courses for Aboriginal people in their community. Instructors were more likely to run courses if they had prior teaching experience and if there was post-course contact with one of the Trainers of Instructors. Analysis of qualitative data indicated that the Instructor Training Course and the AMHFA course are culturally appropriate, empowering for Aboriginal people, and provided information that was seen as highly relevant and important in assisting Aboriginal people with a mental illness. There were a number of recommendations for improvements. Conclusion The AMHFA program is culturally appropriate and acceptable to Aboriginal people. Further work is needed to refine the course and to evaluate its impact on help provided to Aboriginal people with mental health problems. PMID:19490648

Kanowski, Len G; Jorm, Anthony F; Hart, Laura M

2009-01-01

491

Experience of nurses in the process of donation of organs and tissues for transplant1  

PubMed Central

Objective to investigate the meaning of the action of nurses in the donation process to maintain the viability of organs and tissues for transplantation. Method this qualitative study with a social phenomenological approach was conducted through individual interviews with ten nurses of three Organ and Tissue Procurement Services of the city of São Paulo. Results the experience of the nurses in the donation process was represented by the categories: obstacles experienced in the donation process, and interventions performed. The meaning of the action to maintain the viability of organs and tissues for transplantation was described by the categories: to change paradigms, to humanize the donation process, to expand the donation, and to save lives. Final considerations knowledge of the experience of the nurses in this process is important for healthcare professionals who work in different realities, indicating strategies to optimize the procurement of organs and tissues for transplantation.

de Moraes, Edvaldo Leal; dos Santos, Marcelo José; Merighi, Miriam Aparecida Barbosa; Massarollo, Maria Cristina Komatsu Braga

2014-01-01

492

A nondirected kidney donation and its consequences: personal experience of a transplant surgeon.  

PubMed

Until 1996, living kidney donation had been neglected in Germany. To encourage potential donors and to convince them that nephrectomy is not too risky for a healthy person, the author decided to set an example with a personal nondirected donation. This donation, controversially discussed in the public domain, nevertheless succeeded in raising the percentage of living donors in Germany from 4% to 20% of renal transplants. In 1997, the new German Transplant Act prohibited nondirected donation. With the aim of allowing nondirected donation as an act of Christian charity, a plaint had been submitted to the Constitutional Court against that law on the basis that it violated several fundamental rights, but it was dismissed because of strong medical opposition. The author experienced some unpleasant professional consequences of his act but, nevertheless, is convinced that he had taken the right step when deciding to give a kidney to a stranger. PMID:14578770

Hoyer, Jochem

2003-10-27

493

Successful Recruitment of Centenarians for Post-Mortem Brain Donation: Results from the Georgia Centenarian Study  

PubMed Central

Objective Brain donation and neuropathological examination of brain tissues is the only way to obtain definitive diagnostic information on research subjects enrolled in aging studies. We investigated predictors of brain donation in a population-based study of centenarians in Phase III of the Georgia Centenarian Study (GCS). Methods Sixty-six individuals (mean age = 100.6 years, 91% female, 20% African American) were successfully recruited from the core sample of 244 individuals residing in 44 counties of Northeast Georgia to provide brain donation. Results Bivariate (t-tests, chi-square tests) and multivariate analyses (logistic regression) showed no significant differences between donors and non-donors across a wide range of demographic, religious, personality, cognitive and physical functioning characteristics. Conclusions We succeeded in recruiting a diverse, population-based sample of centenarians for brain donation. Our findings also suggest that barriers to brain donation reported in other studies may have less impact in these exceptional survivors. PMID:24013849

Shaw, Kathy; Gearing, Marla; Davey, Adam; Burgess, Molly; Poon, Leonard W.; Martin, Peter; Green, Robert C.

2013-01-01

494

Descriptive Characteristics and Health Outcomes of the Food by Prescription Nutrition Supplementation Program for Adults Living with HIV in Nyanza Province, Kenya  

PubMed Central

Background The clinical effects and potential benefits of nutrition supplementation interventions for persons living with HIV remain largely unreported, despite awareness of the multifaceted relationship between HIV infection and nutrition. We therefore examined descriptive characteristics and nutritional outcomes of the Food by Prescription (FBP) nutrition supplementation program in Nyanza Province, Kenya. Methods Demographic, health, and anthropometric data were gathered from a retrospective cohort of 1,017 non-pregnant adult patients who enrolled into the FBP program at a Family AIDS Care and Education Services (FACES) site in Nyanza Province between July 2009 and July 2011. Our primary outcome was FBP treatment success defined as attainment of BMI>20, and we used Cox proportional hazards to assess socio-demographic and clinical correlates of FBP treatment success. Results Mean body mass index was 16.4 upon enrollment into the FBP program. On average, FBP clients gained 2.01 kg in weight and 0.73 kg/m2 in BMI over follow-up (mean 100 days), with the greatest gains among the most severely undernourished (BMI <16) clients (p<0.001). Only 13.1% of clients attained a BMI>20, though 44.5% achieved a BMI increase ?0.5. Greater BMI at baseline, younger age, male gender, and not requiring highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) were associated with a higher rate of attainment of BMI>20. Conclusion This study reports significant gains in weight and BMI among patients enrolled in the FBP program, though only a minority of patients achieved stated programmatic goals of BMI>20. Future research should include well-designed prospective studies that examine retention, exit reasons, mortality outcomes, and long-term sustainability of nutrition supplementation programs for persons living with HIV. PMID:24646586

Nagata, Jason M.; Cohen, Craig R.; Young, Sera L.; Wamuyu, Catherine; Armes, Mary N.; Otieno, Benard O.; Leslie, Hannah H.; Dandu, Madhavi; Stewart, Christopher C.; Bukusi, Elizabeth A.; Weiser, Sheri D.

2014-01-01

495

Lower risk for serious adverse events and no increased risk for cancer after PBSC vs BM donation.  

PubMed

We compared serious early and late events experienced by 2726 bone marrow (BM) and 6768 peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) donors who underwent collection of PBSC or BM between 2004 and 2009 as part of a prospective study through the National Marrow Donor Program. Standardized FDA definitions for serious adverse events (SAEs) were used, and all events were reviewed by an independent physician panel. BM donors had an increased risk for SAEs (2.38% for BM vs 0.56% for PBSC; odds ratio [OR], 4.13; P < .001), and women were twice as likely to experience an SAE (OR for men, 0.50; P = .005). Restricting the analysis to life-threatening, unexpected, or chronic/disabling events, BM donors maintained an increased risk for SAEs (0.99% for BM vs 0.31% for PBSC; OR, 3.20; P < .001). Notably, the incidence of cancer, autoimmune illness, and thrombosis after donation was similar in BM vs PBSC donors. In addition, cancer incidence in PBSC donors was less than that reported in the general population (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program database). In conclusion, SAEs after donation are rare but more often occurred in BM donors and women. In addition, there was no evidence of increased risk for cancer, autoimmune illness, and stroke in donors receiving granulocyte colony-stimulating factor during this period of observation. PMID:24735965

Pulsipher, Michael A; Chitphakdithai, Pintip; Logan, Brent R; Navarro, Willis H; Levine, John E; Miller, John P; Shaw, Bronwen E; O'Donnell, Paul V; Majhail, Navneet S; Confer, Dennis L

2014-06-01

496

A longitudinal study of recipients’ views and experiences of intra-family egg donation  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND For the past 10 years, we have been carrying out a longitudinal investigation of egg donation families in the UK; a subsample of recipients in these families had a child by egg donation from a sister or sister-in-law. In response to the current debate over the practice of intra-family donation, together with the general lack of available data on the consequences of donation between family members, we examined recipients’ experiences of donation between sisters and sisters-in-law. METHODS We analysed data from a subsample of recipient mothers who were taking part in a larger investigation of gamete donation families. Mothers were visited at home and interviewed when their child was aged 1, 3, 7 and 10 years. Data from nine recipient mothers whose egg donor was either their sister or sister-in-law were examined to assess the nature of mothers’, fathers’ and the child's relationship with the donor, and whether mothers had disclosed the nature of their child's conception to others, including the child. RESULTS The majority of recipient mothers reported positive relationships between the donor and members of their family (themselves, their partner and their children). Most mothers were happy with the donor's level of involvement with the child and reported that they and the donor maintained their social roles within the family, i.e. as mother and aunt, respectively. By age 10, two children had been told that they had been conceived using egg donation, both of whom had been told the identity of the donor. CONCLUSIONS Although the sample was small, this study provides the first longitudinal data on the experiences of families created using donated gametes from a family member. Intra-family donation between sisters or sisters-in-law can be a positive experience for recipients during the first 10 years following the child's birth. Studies that are specifically designed to look at donation between family members are needed to better evaluate the practice. PMID:21835830

Jadva, V.; Casey, P.; Readings, J.; Blake, L.; Golombok, S.

2011-01-01

497

Distrust in the Healthcare System and Organ Donation Intentions Among African Americans  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study is to further understanding of the association between distrust in the healthcare system and written and verbal expressions of donation intentions among African Americans. We hypothesize that distrust in the healthcare system will be significantly, positively associated with both verbal and written donation intentions. Five hundred and eighty five participants completed a 98-item survey that included scales on distrust in the healthcare system and donation intentions. Bivariate analyses (t-tests, ANOVA, chi-square tests and odds ratios) were used to explore the extent to which donation intentions and distrust in the healthcare system varied by demographic characteristics and the association between the distrust in the healthcare system scale and verbal and written donation intentions. Separate logistic regressions were performed with each of the dependent variables to see if significant associations remained while controlling for confounders. Findings based on the multiple regression indicate that when controlling the participant’s education level, distrust in the healthcare system was not significantly related to written donation intentions (OR = 1.04; P = .12). When controlling for education level, health insurance status, Community Health Advocates group and marital status, distrust in the healthcare system was significantly associated with verbal donation intentions (OR = 1.08; P < 0.05). Our results suggest that distrust in the healthcare system varies in the way that it is associated with donation intentions. Future organ donation studies should be conducted to determine the pathways through which distrust in the healthcare system impacts different types of organ donation intentions. PMID:21626439

Robinson, Dana H. Z.; Thompson, Nancy J.; Perryman, Jennie P.; Arriola, Kimberly R. Jacob

2012-01-01

498

Knowledge, attitude and beliefs of people in North India regarding blood donation  

PubMed Central

Background To develop targeted interventions in the field of donor recruitment, an understanding of existing knowledge, attitudes and beliefs regarding blood donation is required. Recruiters should be aware of variability in different demographic strata when implementing interventions. Material and methods A self-administered questionnaire along with a face-to-face interview was conducted in 400 each of voluntary donors, replacement donors and non-donors to assess their knowledge, attitude and beliefs regarding blood donation and their motivations for giving blood. Data were analysed using ANOVA and the c2 test. Results The most common reason given by non-donors (40.75%) for not donating blood was “no one asked them to give blood”. Voluntary donors had a more pleasant blood donation experience compared to replacement donors and, therefore, more of them were willing to donate again (89.5%). The knowledge scores of non-donors were lower than those of donors and, among the latter, voluntary donors had better scores compared to replacement donors. Expectedly, the frequency of false beliefs was highest among non-donors (22.75%), with the most prevalent misbelief being that blood donation is associated with infertility. Television was found to be the most effective medium of communication for raising awareness about blood donation. Conclusion It is recommended that extensive blood donation campaigning should be initiated, targeting the campaigns to eliminate specific misbeliefs and reinforce motivational perceptions. Blood centres should implement strategies to improve donor retention and should aim to provide a pleasant donation experience, regardless of the donor type. The idea of voluntary blood donation needs to be intensively promoted. PMID:23245709

Dubey, Anju; Sonker, Atul; Chaurasia, Rahul; Chaudhary, Rajendra

2014-01-01

499

Knowledge, attitudes and practices survey on organ donation among a selected adult population of Pakistan  

PubMed Central

Background To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding organ donation in a selected adult population in Pakistan. Methods Convenience sampling was used to generate a sample of 440; 408 interviews were successfully completed and used for analysis. Data collection was carried out via a face to face interview based on a pre-tested questionnaire in selected public areas of Karachi, Pakistan. Data was analyzed using SPSS v.15 and associations were tested using the Pearson's Chi square test. Multiple logistic regression was used to find independent predictors of knowledge status and motivation of organ donation. Results Knowledge about organ donation was significantly associated with education (p = 0.000) and socioeconomic status (p = 0.038). 70/198 (35.3%) people expressed a high motivation to donate. Allowance of organ donation in religion was significantly associated with the motivation to donate (p = 0.000). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that higher level of education and higher socioeconomic status were significant (p < 0.05) independent predictors of knowledge status of organ donation. For motivation, multiple logistic regression revealed that higher socioeconomic status, adequate knowledge score and belief that organ donation is allowed in religion were significant (p < 0.05) independent predictors. Television emerged as the major source of information. Only 3.5% had themselves donated an organ; with only one person being an actual kidney donor. Conclusion Better knowledge may ultimately translate into the act of donation. Effective measures should be taken to educate people with relevant information with the involvement of media, doctors and religious scholars. PMID:19534793

Saleem, Taimur; Ishaque, Sidra; Habib, Nida; Hussain, Syedda Saadia; Jawed, Areeba; Khan, Aamir Ali; Ahmad, Muhammad Imran; Iftikhar, Mian Omer; Mughal, Hamza Pervez; Jehan, Imtiaz

2009-01-01

500

Dictator Game Giving: The Importance of Descriptive versus Injunctive Norms  

PubMed Central

Human behaviour is influenced by social norms but norms can entail two types of information. Descriptive norms refer to what others do in this context, while injunctive norms refer to what ought to be done to ensure social approval. In many real-world situations these norms are often presented concurrently meaning that their independent effects on behaviour are difficult to establish. Here we used an online Dictator Game to test how descriptive and injunctive norms would influence dictator donations when presented independently of one another. In addition, we varied the cost of complying with the norm: By stating that $0.20 or $0.50 cent donations from a $1 stake were normal or suggested, respectively. Specifying a higher target amount was associated with increased mean donation size. In contrast to previous studies, descriptive norms did not seem to influence giving behaviour in this context, whereas injunctive norms were associated with increased likelihood to give at least the target amount to the partner. This raises the question of whether injunctive norms might be more effective than descriptive norms at promoting prosocial behaviour in other settings. PMID:25493945

Raihani, Nichola J.; McAuliffe, Katherine

2014-01-01