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1

Media Resistance Skills and Drug Skill Refusal Techniques: What is Their Relationship with Alcohol Use Among Inner-City Adolescents?  

PubMed Central

Past research related to alcohol advertising examined whether underage adolescents were targets of the alcohol industry and what impact such adverting had on adolescent drinking. The purpose of this study was to longitudinally examine the impact of media resistance skills on subsequent drinking among adolescents residing in inner-city regions of New York City. The study also tested whether drug skill refusal techniques (knowing how to say no to alcohol and other drugs) mediated the relationship between media resistance skills and adolescent drinking. A panel sample of baseline, 1-year and 2-year follow-ups (N = 1318) from the control group of a longitudinal drug abuse prevention trial participated. A series of structural equations models showed that media resistance skills directly negatively predicted alcohol use two years later and that drug skill refusal techniques mediated this effect. Baseline media resistance skills were associated with 1-year drug skill refusal techniques, which in turn negatively predicted 2-year alcohol use. These findings provided empirical support for including media resistance skills and drug skill refusal techniques in alcohol prevention programs. PMID:18164827

Epstein, Jennifer A.; Botvin, Gilbert J.

2008-01-01

2

Latent Growth Models of Drug Refusal Skills and Adolescent Alcohol Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Vulnerabilily to adolescent alcohol use is oJien predicated on low social competenc~ and poor social resistance skills. As a result, many prevention progm,focus on improving assertiveness and drug-specijic rema1 skills to build resilience. However, individual dzrerences in the rate at which youth acquire these skills may regulate-their degree of alcohol use. fie current study used longitudinal growth curve modeling

LAWRENCE M. SCHEIER; GILBERT J. BOTVIN; KENNETH W. GRIFFIN; TRACY DIAZ

3

Drug Refusal Skills Training Does not Enhance Outcomes of African American Adolescents with Substance Use Problems  

PubMed Central

In prior research by Witkiewitz and colleagues, African American adults receiving refusal skills training (RST) had fewer heavy drinking days and were categorized as having more successful outcomes. This study extends findings to adolescents receiving the Adolescent Community Reinforcement Approach (A-CRA). Propensity score matching was used to create three groups equivalent on baseline characteristics, including: African Americans receiving refusal skills training (AA+RST; n=214), African Americans not receiving RST (AA-RST; n=212), and Caucasians receiving RST (CA+RST; n=214). In propensity weighted regression models that controlled for overall A-CRA exposure, racial group by RST status was not a significant predictor of substance use frequency or abstinence/early remission outcomes. Higher exposure to A-CRA, however, was a significant predictor of both outcomes. Universal receipt of RST may not improve the outcomes of African American adolescents with substance use problems, and outcomes may be driven more by the overall number of A-CRA procedures received. PMID:23994049

Smith, Douglas C.; Tabb, Karen M.; Fisher, Darnell; Cleeland, Leah

2013-01-01

4

Media resistance skills and drug skill refusal techniques: What is their relationship with alcohol use among inner-city adolescents?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past research related to alcohol advertising examined whether underage adolescents were targets of the alcohol industry and what impact such adverting had on adolescent drinking. The purpose of this study was to longitudinally examine the impact of media resistance skills on subsequent drinking among adolescents residing in inner-city regions of New York City. The study also tested whether drug skill

Jennifer A. Epstein; Gilbert J. Botvin

2008-01-01

5

SOCIAL SKILLS, COMPETENCE, AND DRUG REFUSAL EFFICACY AS PREDICTORS OF ADOLESCENT ALCOHOL USE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous alcohol and drug abuse prevention trials have included social resistance training as a strategy for reducing early-stage adolescent alcohol use. Evaluations of these trials has shown them to be moderately effective, although the precise impact of the resistance training in comparison to other programmatic features has not been clearly identified. The current study examined the extent to which assertiveness

LAWRENCE M. SCHEIER; GILBERT J. BOTVIN; TRACY DIAZ; KENNETH W. GRIFFIN

1999-01-01

6

Refusal Skill Ability: An Examination of Adolescent Perceptions of Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study examined whether refusal assertion as defined by a proven drug prevention program was associated with adolescent perceptions of effectiveness by comparing two sets of coded responses to adolescent videotaped refusal role-plays (N = 63). The original set of codes was defined by programmatic standards of refusal assertion and the…

Nichols, Tracy R.; Birnel, Sara; Graber, Julia A.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Botvin, Gilbert J.

2010-01-01

7

21 CFR 316.25 - Refusal to grant orphan-drug designation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Refusal to grant orphan-drug designation. 316.25 Section 316...SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE ORPHAN DRUGS Designation of an Orphan Drug § 316.25 Refusal to grant...

2013-04-01

8

21 CFR 316.25 - Refusal to grant orphan-drug designation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Refusal to grant orphan-drug designation. 316.25 Section 316...SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE ORPHAN DRUGS Designation of an Orphan Drug § 316.25 Refusal to grant...

2014-04-01

9

21 CFR 316.25 - Refusal to grant orphan-drug designation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Refusal to grant orphan-drug designation. 316.25 Section 316...SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE ORPHAN DRUGS Designation of an Orphan Drug § 316.25 Refusal to grant...

2012-04-01

10

21 CFR 316.25 - Refusal to grant orphan-drug designation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Refusal to grant orphan-drug designation. 316.25 Section 316...SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE ORPHAN DRUGS Designation of an Orphan Drug § 316.25 Refusal to grant...

2011-04-01

11

Development and Evaluation of an Interactive CD-ROM Refusal Skills Program to Prevent Youth Substance Use: “Refuse to Use”  

Microsoft Academic Search

An interactive CD-ROM program designed to reduce adolescent substance use was developed and evaluated. The program uses video vignettes to teach refusal skills and socially acceptable responses to substance use situations, specifically offers of marijuana. In a randomized pretest-to-posttest experiment with 74 public school students from six classes in three high schools, significant changes were observed at posttest on (1)

Terry E. Duncan; Susan C. Duncan; Natasha Beauchamp; Jennifer Wells; Dennis V. Ary

2000-01-01

12

49 CFR 655.49 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test. 655.49 Section 655.49...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PREVENTION OF ALCOHOL MISUSE AND PROHIBITED DRUG USE IN TRANSIT...49 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test. (a) Each employer shall...

2011-10-01

13

49 CFR 655.49 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test. 655.49 Section 655.49...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PREVENTION OF ALCOHOL MISUSE AND PROHIBITED DRUG USE IN TRANSIT...49 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test. (a) Each employer shall...

2013-10-01

14

49 CFR 655.49 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test. 655.49 Section 655.49...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PREVENTION OF ALCOHOL MISUSE AND PROHIBITED DRUG USE IN TRANSIT...49 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test. (a) Each employer shall...

2010-10-01

15

The Relationship between Food Refusal and Social Skills in Persons with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Feeding problems are common among individuals with intellectual disabilities. The aim of the current study was to determine the relationship between food refusal and social skills in people with intellectual disability. Method: "The Screening Tool of Feeding Problems" (STEP) was administered to all residents of a large developmental…

Matson, Johnny L.; Cooper, Christopher L.; Mayville, Steven B.; Gonzalez, Melissa L.

2006-01-01

16

14 CFR 120.13 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate holder.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate holder...CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAM Individuals Certificated...13 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate...

2013-01-01

17

14 CFR 120.11 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 61 certificate holder.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 61 certificate holder...CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAM Individuals Certificated...11 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 61 certificate...

2012-01-01

18

14 CFR 120.13 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate holder.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate holder...CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAM Individuals Certificated...13 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate...

2014-01-01

19

14 CFR 120.15 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 65 certificate holder.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 65 certificate holder...CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAM Individuals Certificated...15 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 65 certificate...

2012-01-01

20

14 CFR 120.13 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate holder.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate holder...CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAM Individuals Certificated...13 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate...

2012-01-01

21

14 CFR 120.15 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 65 certificate holder.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 65 certificate holder...CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAM Individuals Certificated...15 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 65 certificate...

2014-01-01

22

14 CFR 120.13 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate holder.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate holder...CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAM Individuals Certificated...13 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate...

2011-01-01

23

14 CFR 120.13 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate holder.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate holder...CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAM Individuals Certificated...13 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate...

2010-01-01

24

14 CFR 120.15 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 65 certificate holder.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 65 certificate holder...CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAM Individuals Certificated...15 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 65 certificate...

2010-01-01

25

14 CFR 120.11 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 61 certificate holder.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 61 certificate holder...CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAM Individuals Certificated...11 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 61 certificate...

2013-01-01

26

Reconceptualizing Efficacy in Substance Use Prevention Research: Refusal Response Efficacy and Drug Resistance Self-Efficacy in Adolescent Substance Use  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study is to utilize the Extended Parallel Process Model (EPPM) to expand the construct of efficacy in the adolescent substance use context. Using survey data collected from 2,129 seventh-grade students in 39 rural schools, we examined the construct of drug refusal efficacy and demonstrated relationships among response efficacy (RE), self-efficacy (SE), and adolescent drug use. Consistent with the hypotheses, confirmatory factor analyses of a 12-item scale yielded a three-factor solution: refusal RE, alcohol-resistance self-efficacy (ASE), and marijuana-resistance self-efficacy (MSE). Refusal RE and ASE/MSE were negatively related to alcohol use and marijuana use, whereas MSE was positively associated with alcohol use. These data demonstrate that efficacy is a broader construct than typically considered in drug prevention. Prevention programs should reinforce both refusal RE and substance-specific resistance SE. PMID:23330857

Choi, Hye Jeong; Krieger, Janice L.; Hecht, Michael L.

2014-01-01

27

49 CFR 40.191 - What is a refusal to take a DOT drug test, and what are the consequences?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation PROCEDURES FOR TRANSPORTATION WORKPLACE DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAMS Problems in Drug Tests § 40.191 What is a refusal to take a DOT drug test, and what are the consequences? (a) As an...

2014-10-01

28

49 CFR 40.191 - What is a refusal to take a DOT drug test, and what are the consequences?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation PROCEDURES FOR TRANSPORTATION WORKPLACE DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAMS Problems in Drug Tests § 40.191 What is a refusal to take a DOT drug test, and what are the consequences? (a) As an...

2012-10-01

29

Drinking outcomes following drink refusal skills training: differential effects for African American and non-Hispanic White clients.  

PubMed

Determining whether a particular treatment works for specific groups of people can help tailor dissemination of evidence-based alcohol treatments. It has been proposed that individuals from different racial groups might have better outcomes in treatments that are sensitive to sociocultural issues that impact alcohol use among these groups. The current study was a secondary analysis of data from the combined behavioral intervention (CBI) condition of the COMBINE study. Those randomly assigned to CBI (n = 776) had the opportunity to receive up to 9 skills training modules, which were chosen by the therapist. The goal of the current study was to determine whether receiving 1 of the CBI modules, drink refusal and social pressure skills training, predicted differential outcomes among African American clients. Results indicated that African American clients who received the drink refusal skills training module (n = 25) had significantly fewer heavy drinking days (d = 0.79) 1 year following treatment than African Americans clients who did not receive the module (n = 35). African American clients who received the module also had significantly fewer heavy drinking days (d = 0.86) than non-Hispanic White clients who received the module (n = 241). Good clinical outcomes at 1 year posttreatment were observed among 80% of African Americans who received the module, compared with 54% of African Americans who did not receive the module and 52% of non-Hispanic White clients who did receive the module. Although small sample size limits interpretation, findings provide preliminary evidence supporting the inclusion of drink refusal skills training as part of alcohol interventions for African American clients. PMID:21443311

Witkiewitz, Katie; Villarroel, Nadia Aracelliz; Hartzler, Bryan; Donovan, Dennis M

2011-03-01

30

Gender Differences in Drug Resistance Skills of Youth in Guanajuato, Mexico  

PubMed Central

Research is limited or absent on Mexican adolescents’ exposure to substance offers, ways of dealing with these offers, and possible gender differences in responses to offers. Extending U.S.-based research, this study examines how youth living in the Mexican state of Guanajuato employ the four drug resistance strategies—refuse, explain, avoid, and leave—that are part of the Keepin’ It REAL evidence-based drug prevention intervention. The analysis uses cross-sectional survey data from 702 students enrolled in eight alternative secondary education sites in 2007. Participants reported the drug resistance behaviors they used to deal with offers of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana. Using multivariate regression, findings indicate most youth had developed repertoires of drug resistance strategies that involved multiple REAL strategies and some other strategy as well. For those receiving offers, the most common strategy was to refuse the offer with a simple ‘‘no.’’ However, males used all the strategies significantly more often than females for situations involving cigarettes and marijuana as well as when using refuse and non-REAL strategies for alcohol. Possible reasons for the gender difference in use of strategies are discussed. The findings can help inform effective prevention programs based on teaching culturally appropriate drug resistance and communication skills. PMID:21424398

Marsiglia, Flavio F.; Ayers, Stephanie L.; Calderón-Tena, Carlos O.; Nuño-Gutiérrez, Bertha L.

2011-01-01

31

Drugs and information processing in skilled performance.  

PubMed

A concise review is presented of recent research on task aspects with respect to determining the effects of drugs on human information processing. It is concluded that progress in this area is hampered by lack of a theoretical basis to most behavioral tasks, preventing firm conclusions about the effects of drugs on either well-defined mental functions or on real-life performances. It is argued that the effects of drugs should only be tested in behaviorally well-researched tasks. Some proposals are discussed with an emphasis on perceptual-motor skills. PMID:3064083

Sanders, A F; Wauschkuhn, C H

1988-01-01

32

The Impact of Mother-Daughter and Father-Daughter Relationships on Drug Refusal Self-Efficacy among African American Adolescent Girls in Urban Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study yielded interesting findings on the effect of mother-daughter and father-daughter relationships on drug refusal self-efficacy for urban African American girls between the ages of 11 and 14. The questionnaire consisted of assessments on the quality of the girls mother and father relationships and their perceived ability to refuse drugs.…

Boyd, Kimberly; Ashcraft, Amie; Belgrave, Faye Z.

2006-01-01

33

"I No Like Get Caught Using Drugs": Explanations for Refusal as a Drug-Resistance Strategy for Rural Native Hawaiian Youths  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study examines the use of explanations for refusal as a drug-resistance strategy for rural Native Hawaiian youths. Fourteen gender-specific focus groups were conducted within seven middle or intermediate schools on the Island of Hawai'i (N = 64). Participants were asked to describe drug-resistance strategies in response to 15…

Okamoto, Scott K.; Helm, Susana; Giroux, Danielle; Kaliades, Alexis

2011-01-01

34

The Impact of Mother-Daughter and Father-Daughter Relationships on Drug Refusal Self-Efficacy Among African American Adolescent Girls in Urban Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study yielded interesting findings on the effect of mother-daughter and father-daughter relationships on drug refusal self-efficacy for urban African American girls between the ages of 11 and 14. The questionnaire consisted of assessments on the quality of the girls’ mother and father relationships and their perceived ability to refuse drugs. The quality of the father-daughter relationship significantly predicted drug

Kimberly Boyd; Amie Ashcraft; Faye Z. Belgrave

2006-01-01

35

An evaluation of the drug calculation skills of registered nurses.  

PubMed

Mathematical skill and proficiency underpin a number of nursing activities, with the most common application being in relation to drug dosage calculation and administration. Medication errors have been identified as the most common type of error affecting patient safety and the most common single preventable cause of adverse events and they can occur as a result of mathematical calculation error and or conceptual error. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the drug calculation skills of registered nurses (n = 124) on commencement of employment. The findings of this study indicate that there are inconsistencies in the amount of pharmacology content and drug calculation skills delivered within nursing curricula. The most frequent type of drug calculation errors are attributed to conceptual errors and participants identified ward based education on drug calculation as a pathway for improving the drug calculation skills of registered nurses. The study recommends that medication education, encompassing mathematical and conceptual drug calculation skills should be identified as a distinct competency in nursing curricula and continuing education programme. PMID:23831386

Fleming, Sandra; Brady, Anne-Marie; Malone, Anne-Marie

2014-01-01

36

The Effects of Psychotropic Drugs upon Driving-Related Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of psychotropic drugs by road users is considered to be on the increase although little accurate epidemiological data are available. To determine the effects of such drugs upon driving skills, reliance must be placed upon laboratory investigations. This paper reviews the results of studies of the effects of barbiturate and non-barbiturate hypnotics, tranquillizers, and antidepressants upon sensory functions

Andrew B. Clayton

1976-01-01

37

21 CFR 316.25 - Refusal to grant orphan-drug designation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...following reasons apply: (1) The drug is not intended for a rare disease or condition because: (i) There is insufficient...that already has orphan-drug exclusive approval for the same rare disease or condition and the sponsor has not submitted a...

2010-04-01

38

21 CFR 314.127 - Refusal to approve an abbreviated new drug application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ingredients, other than preservatives, buffers, and antioxidants, in the same concentration...from the listed drug in a preservative, buffer, or antioxidant, the application contains...ingredients, other than preservatives, buffers, substances to adjust tonicity, or...

2010-04-01

39

Academic skills of chronically unemployed drug-addicted adults  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND The strong association between unemployment and drug addiction suggests that employment interventions are an important and needed focus of drug-addiction treatment. The increasing necessity of possessing basic academic skills to function in the workplace may require that some individuals receive educational training along with vocational training. OBJECTIVE This study investigated the academic skills of drug-addicted and chronically-unemployed adults (N = 559) who were enrolled in one of six studies conducted at the Center for Learning and Health in Baltimore, MD. METHODS Upon study enrollment, academic skills in math, spelling, and reading were examined using the Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT-3 or WRAT-4) and educational history was examined using the Addiction Severity Index–Lite. RESULTS Although participants completed an average of 11 years of education, actual academic skill level was at or below the seventh grade level for 81% of participants in math, 61% in spelling, and 43% in reading, and most participants were classified as Low Average or below based on age group norms. Despite the fact that participants in this analysis were studied across several years and were from diverse populations, rates of high school completion and academic skill levels were remarkably similar. CONCLUSIONS Programs designed to improve the long-term employment status of drug-addicted individuals may benefit from the inclusion of basic adult education; future research on the topic is needed. Although establishing basic skills does not directly address chronic unemployment, it may help individuals obtain the jobs they desire and function effectively in those jobs. PMID:25635162

Holtyn, August F.; DeFulio, Anthony; Silverman, Kenneth

2014-01-01

40

EXPANDING URBAN AMERICAN INDIAN YOUTHS’ REPERTOIRE OF DRUG RESISTANCE SKILLS: PILOT RESULTS FROM A CULTURALLY ADAPTED PREVENTION PROGRAM  

PubMed Central

This article examines changes in the drug resistance strategies used by urban American Indian (UAI) middle school students during a pilot test of a substance use prevention curriculum designed specifically for UAI youth, Living in 2 Worlds (L2W). L2W teaches four drug resistance strategies (refuse, explain, avoid, leave [R-E-A-L]) in culturally appropriate ways. Data come from 57 UAI students (53% female; mean age = 12.5 years) who participated in L2W during an academic enrichment class for Native youth at two Phoenix schools. Students completed a pre-test questionnaire before the L2W lessons and a post-test 7 months later. Questions assessed the use of R-E-A-L and alternative strategies commonly reported by UAI youth (change the subject, use humor). Tests of mean differences from pre-test to post-test showed significant increases in use of refuse, R-E-A-L repertoire. Use of more passive strategies (avoid, use humor) did not change significantly, except for change the subject, which increased. Changes in the use of strategies did not differ significantly by gender, age, school grades, parental education, or length of urban residence. The L2W curriculum appears effective in teaching culturally relevant communication strategies that expand UAI youths’ repertoire of drug resistance skills. PMID:23529769

Kulis, Stephen; Dustman, Patricia A.; Brown, Eddie F.; Martinez, Marcos

2013-01-01

41

School Refusal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School attendance is an ongoing concern for administrators, particularly in middle level and high school. Frequent absences affect student learning, test scores, and social development. Absenteeism is often the result of emotional disorders, such as anxiety or depression. Administrators who understand the causes of school refusal behavior and are…

Wimmer, Mary

2008-01-01

42

49 CFR 40.191 - What is a refusal to take a DOT drug test, and what are the consequences?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Fail to cooperate with any part of the testing process (e.g., refuse to empty pockets when directed by the collector, behave in a confrontational way that disrupts the collection process, fail to wash hands after being directed to do so by the...

2010-10-01

43

49 CFR 40.191 - What is a refusal to take a DOT drug test, and what are the consequences?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Fail to cooperate with any part of the testing process (e.g., refuse to empty pockets when directed by the collector, behave in a confrontational way that disrupts the collection process, fail to wash hands after being directed to do so by the...

2011-10-01

44

21 CFR 211.50 - Sewage and refuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL CURRENT GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR FINISHED PHARMACEUTICALS Buildings and Facilities § 211.50 Sewage and refuse. Sewage, trash, and other refuse in and from...

2010-04-01

45

Expanding Urban American Indian Youths' Repertoire of Drug Resistance Skills: Pilot Results from a Culturally Adapted Prevention Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines changes in the drug resistance strategies used by urban American Indian (UAI) middle school students during a pilot test of a substance use prevention curriculum designed specifically for UAI youth, "Living in 2 Worlds" (L2W). L2W teaches four drug resistance strategies (refuse, explain, avoid, leave [R-E-A-L]) in culturally…

Kulis, Stephen; Dustman, Patricia A.; Brown, Eddie F.; Martinez, Marcos

2013-01-01

46

78 FR 60292 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug Application Submissions-Refuse-to-Receive...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...usually because of omissions. With the enactment of the Generic Drug User Fee Act on July 9, 2012 (Pub. L. 112-144, Title III), FDA's Office of Generic Drugs (OGD) was tasked with a number of activities,...

2013-10-01

47

21 CFR 316.14 - Refusal to provide written recommendations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE ORPHAN DRUGS Written Recommendations for Investigations of Orphan Drugs § 316.14 Refusal to provide written recommendations. (a) FDA may...

2013-04-01

48

21 CFR 316.14 - Refusal to provide written recommendations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE ORPHAN DRUGS Written Recommendations for Investigations of Orphan Drugs § 316.14 Refusal to provide written recommendations. (a) FDA may...

2011-04-01

49

21 CFR 316.14 - Refusal to provide written recommendations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE ORPHAN DRUGS Written Recommendations for Investigations of Orphan Drugs § 316.14 Refusal to provide written recommendations. (a) FDA may...

2014-04-01

50

21 CFR 316.14 - Refusal to provide written recommendations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE ORPHAN DRUGS Written Recommendations for Investigations of Orphan Drugs § 316.14 Refusal to provide written recommendations. (a) FDA may...

2012-04-01

51

Alcohol and Drug Prevention Curriculum Resource Guide Grades 10-12: Communication Skills--English IV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum resource guide on alcohol and drug prevention provides suggested activities for teachers of grades 10 through 12. Four integrated learning activities for communication skills/ English IV and healthful living are presented. Communication skills/literature goals include experiencing young adult literature, using effective techniques…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Alcohol and Drug Defense Program.

52

School Refuser Child Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"School refuser" is an always-already negative child identity. The term is used to categorize children or adolescents who appear to dislike and fear school (or aspects of school) and persistently refuse to attend or attend very unwillingly. Given that school attendance is generally considered a necessary social good, regular and anxious refusal to…

Stroobant, Emma; Jones, Alison

2006-01-01

53

Drug Abuse Prevention Among Minority Adolescents: Posttest and One-Year Follow-Up of a School-Based Preventive Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most drug abuse prevention research has been conducted with predominantly White middle-class adolescent populations. The present study tested a school-based drug abuse preventive intervention in a sample of predominantly minority students (N = 3,621) in 29 New York City schools. The prevention program taught drug refusal skills, antidrug norms, personal self-management skills, and general social skills in an effort to

Gilbert J. Botvin; Kenneth W. Griffin; Tracy Diaz; Michelle Ifill-Williams

2001-01-01

54

Drug Abuse Prevention Among Minority Adolescents: Posttest and One-Year Follow-Up of a School-Based Preventive Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most drug abuse prevention research has been conducted with predominantly White middle- class adolescent populations. The present study tested a school-based drug abuse preventive intervention in a sample of predominantly minority students (ND 3,621) in 29 New York City schools. The prevention program taught drug refusal skills, antidrug norms, personal self-management skills, and general social skills in an effort to

Gilbert J. Botvin; Kenneth W. Griffin; Tracy Diaz; Michelle Ifill-Williams

2001-01-01

55

Effect of Life Skills Training on Drug Abuse Preventive Behaviors among University Students  

PubMed Central

Background: Drug abuse is now-a-days one of the gravest social harms. Recent years have experienced a drastic rise in drug abuse among school and university students. Thus, the need for special attention to the issue is deemed important. The present study was conducted with the aim of assessing the impact of life skills training on promotion of drug abuse preventive behaviors. Methods: This field trial experimental study was conducted on 60 students of Gonabad Medical University selected through quota random sampling and assigned randomly into two Intervention and control groups. Data were collected through a questionnaire, including two sections of demographic information and drug abuse preventive behaviors. The questionnaire was first assessed as to its validity and reliability and then administered both before and after educational intervention and also as a follow-up 4 years after intervention – Data were then analyzed using t-tests and Chi-square. Results: Comparison of post-test mean scores of drug abuse preventive behaviors of both groups showed a significant difference (P < 0.01) which remained stable 4 years after intervention. There was a significant relationship between father's educational level and drug abuse preventive behaviors (P < 0.01). Conclusions: Life skills’ training is effective in the promotion of drug abuse preventive behaviors of university students. PMID:24932389

Moshki, Mahdi; Hassanzade, Tahere; Taymoori, Parvaneh

2014-01-01

56

Parenting skills and family support programs for drug-abusing mothers.  

PubMed

Children born to drug-using mothers can suffer from fetal alcohol or drug syndrome (FAS/FDS) or fetal alcohol or drug effect (FAE/FDE). Such children have a greater likelihood of developing acute or chronic physical, cognitive and behavioral problems. In-utero exposure to tobacco, alcohol or drugs impact on the developing fetus and, after birth, the family environment and family system exert effects on the infants and children of substance-abusing parents. Evidence-based prevention and maternal drug treatment programs focus on enhancing parental childcaring abilities, supporting parent-child attachment and encouraging family support systems to improve children's health and cognitive outcomes. FAS/FDS prevention programs, as well as selective and indicated prenatal and postnatal interventions, can improve the support given both to mother and to child, and evidence-based, in-home parenting and family-skills-training approaches are particularly useful. PMID:17327147

Kumpfer, Karol L; Fowler, Melissa A

2007-04-01

57

A Workshop Series Using Peer-grading to Build Drug Information, Writing, Critical-thinking, and Constructive Feedback Skills  

PubMed Central

Objective. To utilize a skills-based workshop series to develop pharmacy students’ drug information, writing, critical-thinking, and evaluation skills during the final didactic year of training. Design. A workshop series was implemented to focus on written (researched) responses to drug information questions. These workshops used blinded peer-grading to facilitate timely feedback and strengthen assessment skills. Each workshop was aligned to the didactic coursework content to complement and extend learning, while bridging and advancing research, writing, and critical thinking skills. Assessment. Attainment of knowledge and skills was assessed by rubric-facilitated peer grades, faculty member grading, peer critique, and faculty member-guided discussion of drug information responses. Annual instructor and course evaluations consistently revealed favorable student feedback regarding workshop value. Conclusion. A drug information workshop series using peer-grading as the primary assessment tool was successfully implemented and was well received by pharmacy students. PMID:25657378

2014-01-01

58

A Workshop Series Using Peer-grading to Build Drug Information, Writing, Critical-thinking, and Constructive Feedback Skills.  

PubMed

Objective. To utilize a skills-based workshop series to develop pharmacy students' drug information, writing, critical-thinking, and evaluation skills during the final didactic year of training. Design. A workshop series was implemented to focus on written (researched) responses to drug information questions. These workshops used blinded peer-grading to facilitate timely feedback and strengthen assessment skills. Each workshop was aligned to the didactic coursework content to complement and extend learning, while bridging and advancing research, writing, and critical thinking skills. Assessment. Attainment of knowledge and skills was assessed by rubric-facilitated peer grades, faculty member grading, peer critique, and faculty member-guided discussion of drug information responses. Annual instructor and course evaluations consistently revealed favorable student feedback regarding workshop value. Conclusion. A drug information workshop series using peer-grading as the primary assessment tool was successfully implemented and was well received by pharmacy students. PMID:25657378

Davis, Lindsay E

2014-12-15

59

Integrating Life Skills Into a Theory-Based Drug-Use Prevention Program: Effectiveness among Junior High Students in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Drug use has been noted among students in Taiwan during the past decade and schools have a role in preventing or delaying students' drug use. We developed and evaluated a school-based, drug-use prevention program integrating the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and life skills for junior high school students. Methods: We recruited…

Huang, Chiu-Mieh; Chien, Li-Yin; Cheng, Chin-Feng; Guo, Jong-Long

2012-01-01

60

49 CFR 40.261 - What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences? 40...PROCEDURES FOR TRANSPORTATION WORKPLACE DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAMS Problems in Alcohol Testing § 40.261 What is a refusal...

2014-10-01

61

49 CFR 40.261 - What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences? 40...PROCEDURES FOR TRANSPORTATION WORKPLACE DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAMS Problems in Alcohol Testing § 40.261 What is a refusal...

2010-10-01

62

49 CFR 40.261 - What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences? 40...PROCEDURES FOR TRANSPORTATION WORKPLACE DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAMS Problems in Alcohol Testing § 40.261 What is a refusal...

2012-10-01

63

49 CFR 40.261 - What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences? 40...PROCEDURES FOR TRANSPORTATION WORKPLACE DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAMS Problems in Alcohol Testing § 40.261 What is a refusal...

2011-10-01

64

49 CFR 40.261 - What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences? 40...PROCEDURES FOR TRANSPORTATION WORKPLACE DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAMS Problems in Alcohol Testing § 40.261 What is a refusal...

2013-10-01

65

49 CFR 655.46 - Return to duty following refusal to submit to a test, verified positive drug test result and/or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...positive drug test result and/or breath alcohol test result of 0.04 or greater. 655...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PREVENTION OF ALCOHOL MISUSE AND PROHIBITED DRUG USE IN TRANSIT...positive drug test result and/or breath alcohol test result of 0.04 or greater....

2010-10-01

66

49 CFR 655.46 - Return to duty following refusal to submit to a test, verified positive drug test result and/or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...positive drug test result and/or breath alcohol test result of 0.04 or greater. 655...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PREVENTION OF ALCOHOL MISUSE AND PROHIBITED DRUG USE IN TRANSIT...positive drug test result and/or breath alcohol test result of 0.04 or greater....

2014-10-01

67

49 CFR 655.46 - Return to duty following refusal to submit to a test, verified positive drug test result and/or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...positive drug test result and/or breath alcohol test result of 0.04 or greater. 655...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PREVENTION OF ALCOHOL MISUSE AND PROHIBITED DRUG USE IN TRANSIT...positive drug test result and/or breath alcohol test result of 0.04 or greater....

2011-10-01

68

eDrugCalc: an online self-assessment package to enhance medical students' drug dose calculation skills  

PubMed Central

AIMS Dose calculation errors can cause serious life-threatening clinical incidents. We designed eDrugCalc as an online self-assessment tool to develop and evaluate calculation skills among medical students. METHODS We undertook a prospective uncontrolled study involving 1727 medical students in years 1–5 at the University of Edinburgh. Students had continuous access to eDrugCalc and were encouraged to practise. Voluntary self-assessment was undertaken by answering the 20 questions on six occasions over 30 months. Questions remained fixed but numerical variables changed so each visit required a fresh calculation. Feedback was provided following each answer. RESULTS Final-year students had a significantly higher mean score in test 6 compared with test 1 [16.6, 95% confidence interval (CI) 16.2, 17.0 vs. 12.6, 95% CI 11.9, 13.4; n = 173, P < 0.0001 Wilcoxon matched pairs test] and made a median of three vs. seven errors. Performance was highly variable in all tests with 2.7% of final-year students scoring < 10/20 in test 6. Graduating students in 2009 (30 months' exposure) achieved significantly better scores than those in 2007 (only 6 months): mean 16.5, 95% CI 16.0, 17.0, n = 184 vs. 15.1, 95% CI 14.5, 15.6, n = 187; P < 0.0001, Mann–Whitney test. Calculations based on percentage concentrations and infusion rates were poorly performed. Feedback showed that eDrugCalc increased confidence in calculating doses and was highly rated as a learning tool. CONCLUSIONS Medical student performance of dose calculations improved significantly after repeated exposure to an online formative dose-calculation package and encouragement to develop their numeracy. Further research is required to establish whether eDrugCalc reduces calculation errors made in clinical practice. PMID:20840441

McQueen, Daniel S; Begg, Michael J; Maxwell, Simon R J

2010-01-01

69

33 CFR 401.89 - Transit refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Transit refused. 401.89 Section 401... Regulations General § 401.89 Transit refused. (a) An officer may refuse to allow a vessel to transit when, (1) The vessel is not...

2012-07-01

70

33 CFR 401.89 - Transit refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Transit refused. 401.89 Section 401... Regulations General § 401.89 Transit refused. (a) An officer may refuse to allow a vessel to transit when, (1) The vessel is not...

2013-07-01

71

33 CFR 401.89 - Transit refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Transit refused. 401.89 Section 401... Regulations General § 401.89 Transit refused. (a) An officer may refuse to allow a vessel to transit when, (1) The vessel is not...

2011-07-01

72

33 CFR 401.89 - Transit refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Transit refused. 401.89 Section 401... Regulations General § 401.89 Transit refused. (a) An officer may refuse to allow a vessel to transit when, (1) The vessel is not...

2014-07-01

73

33 CFR 401.89 - Transit refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Transit refused. 401.89 Section 401... Regulations General § 401.89 Transit refused. (a) An officer may refuse to allow a vessel to transit when, (1) The vessel is not...

2010-07-01

74

Recent Perspectives Concerning School Refusal Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the literature regarding school refusal was conducted. It was found that the term School Refusal Behavior has gone through many changes. These changes encompass nomenclature, etiology, and treatment. The names used to describe the behavior of school refusal have ranged from truancy in the 1930s to School Refusal Behavior in the 1990s.…

Witts, Benjamin; Houlihan, Daniel

2007-01-01

75

Implementing the LifeSkills Training drug prevention program: factors related to implementation fidelity  

PubMed Central

Background Widespread replication of effective prevention programs is unlikely to affect the incidence of adolescent delinquency, violent crime, and substance use until the quality of implementation of these programs by community-based organizations can be assured. Methods This paper presents the results of a process evaluation employing qualitative and quantitative methods to assess the extent to which 432 schools in 105 sites implemented the LifeSkills Training (LST) drug prevention program with fidelity. Regression analysis was used to examine factors influencing four dimensions of fidelity: adherence, dosage, quality of delivery, and student responsiveness. Results Although most sites faced common barriers, such as finding room in the school schedule for the program, gaining full support from key participants (i.e., site coordinators, principals, and LST teachers), ensuring teacher participation in training workshops, and classroom management difficulties, most schools involved in the project implemented LST with very high levels of fidelity. Across sites, 86% of program objectives and activities required in the three-year curriculum were delivered to students. Moreover, teachers were observed using all four recommended teaching practices, and 71% of instructors taught all the required LST lessons. Multivariate analyses found that highly rated LST program characteristics and better student behavior were significantly related to a greater proportion of material taught by teachers (adherence). Instructors who rated the LST program characteristics as ideal were more likely to teach all lessons (dosage). Student behavior and use of interactive teaching techniques (quality of delivery) were positively related. No variables were related to student participation (student responsiveness). Conclusion Although difficult, high implementation fidelity by community-based organizations can be achieved. This study suggests some important factors that organizations should consider to ensure fidelity, such as selecting programs with features that minimize complexity while maximizing flexibility. Time constraints in the classroom should be considered when choosing a program. Student behavior also influences program delivery, so schools should train teachers in the use of classroom management skills. This project involved comprehensive program monitoring and technical assistance that likely facilitated the identification and resolution of problems and contributed to the overall high quality of implementation. Schools should recognize the importance of training and technical assistance to ensure quality program delivery. PMID:18205919

Mihalic, Sharon F; Fagan, Abigail A; Argamaso, Susanne

2008-01-01

76

Effectiveness of culturally focused and generic skills training approaches to alcohol and drug abuse prevention among minority youths  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors tested the effectiveness of 2 alcohol and drug abuse prevention programs among inner-city minority 7th-grade students (N = 639) from 6 New York City public schools. Schools were randomly assigned to receive (a) a generic skills training preven- tion approach, (b) a culturally focused prevention approach, or (c) an information-only control. Results indicate that students in both prevention

Gilbert J. Botvin; Steven P. Schinke; Jennifer A. Epstein; Tracy Diaz

1994-01-01

77

21 CFR 515.21 - Refusal to approve a medicated feed mill license application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Refusal to approve a medicated feed mill license application. 515.21 Section...AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS MEDICATED FEED MILL LICENSE Administrative Actions on...

2010-04-01

78

49 CFR 199.223 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test. 199.223 Section 199.223 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) PIPELINE SAFETY DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING Alcohol Misuse Prevention Program § 199.223...

2011-10-01

79

49 CFR 199.223 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test. 199.223 Section 199.223 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) PIPELINE SAFETY DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING Alcohol Misuse Prevention Program § 199.223...

2013-10-01

80

49 CFR 199.223 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test. 199.223 Section 199.223 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) PIPELINE SAFETY DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING Alcohol Misuse Prevention Program § 199.223...

2012-10-01

81

49 CFR 199.223 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test. 199.223 Section 199.223 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) PIPELINE SAFETY DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING Alcohol Misuse Prevention Program § 199.223...

2014-10-01

82

49 CFR 199.223 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test. 199.223 Section 199.223 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) PIPELINE SAFETY DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING Alcohol Misuse Prevention Program § 199.223...

2010-10-01

83

Combustion for rubbish and refuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

An incinerator design and a method for burning both sorted and unsorted rubbish and refuse cleanly and efficiently are presented. Rubbish is inserted in a non-clogging hopper where it is preheated and preliminarily combusted as it moves downwardly to a primary combustion chamber where air is added. A moving grate beneath the primary combustion chamber draws ashes and uncombusted materials

Good

1980-01-01

84

School refusal in pervasive developmental disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Of 135 autistic and\\/or mentally retarded youngsters, 30 with pervasive developmental disorders and 2 with nonautistic mental retardation showed school refusal according to its modified definition. School refusal was significantly more frequent in other PDDs than in nonautistic mental retardation. The intellectual level was significantly higher in PDD children with school refusal than those without it. A certain level of

Hiroshi Kurita

1991-01-01

85

Vertical combustor for refuse combustion  

SciTech Connect

A vertical combustor for refuse-particle combustion was analyzed for waste-to-energy recovery. A one-dimensional model was constructed that consisted of fuel particles, inert solid particles, and the gaseous mixture. The gaseous mixture was divided further into six chemical species that are involved in combustion at temperatures below about 2000/sup 0/F. It was concluded that such combustors may be viable in the United States since US refuse contains large amounts of volatile matter. Combustion of the relatively small char, however, may not be cost-effective in the present combustor where the fuel residence time is on the order of 2 s for a combustor height of 20 to 30 ft. A computer solution was designed to optimize a given combustor system. A simplified version of the solution was programmed for a TI-59 programmable hand calculator for field use.

Chung, P.M.

1981-06-01

86

The skill and style to model the evolution of resistance to pesticides and drugs  

PubMed Central

Resistance to pesticides and drugs led to the development of theoretical models aimed at identifying the main factors of resistance evolution and predicting the efficiency of resistance management strategies. We investigated the various ways in which the evolution of resistance has been modelled over the last three decades, by reviewing 187 articles published on models of the evolution of resistance to all major classes of pesticides and drugs. We found that (i) the technical properties of the model were most strongly influenced by the class of pesticide or drug and the target organism, (ii) the resistance management strategies studied were quite similar for the different classes of pesticides or drugs, except that the refuge strategy was mostly used in models of the evolution of resistance to insecticidal proteins, (iii) economic criteria were rarely used to evaluate the evolution of resistance and (iv) the influence of mutation, migration and drift on the speed of resistance development has been poorly investigated. We propose guidelines for the future development of theoretical models of the evolution of resistance. For instance, we stress the potential need to give more emphasis to the three evolutionary forces migration, mutation and genetic drift rather than simply selection. PMID:25567932

2010-01-01

87

21 CFR 515.25 - Revocation of order refusing to approve a medicated feed mill license application or suspending...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Revocation of order refusing to approve a medicated feed mill license application or suspending or revoking...HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS MEDICATED FEED MILL LICENSE Administrative Actions on...

2010-04-01

88

Proceedings of refuse-derived fuel (RDF)  

SciTech Connect

This book contains proceedings of Refuse-Derived Fuel (RDF)-Quality. Standards and Processing. Topics covered include: An Overview of RDF Processing Systems: Current Status, Design Features, and Future Trends. The Impact of Recycling and Pre-Combustion Processing of Municipal Solid Waste on Fuel Properties and Steam Combustion. The Changing Role of Standards in the Marketing of RDF. Refuse Derived Fuel Quality Requirements for Firing in Utility, Industrial or Dedicated Boilers. Refuse-Derived Fuel Moisture Effects on Boiler Performance and Operability. Refuse Derived Fuels: Technology, Processing, Quality and Combustion Experiences.

Saltiel, C. (Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States))

1991-01-01

89

Binder enhanced refuse derived fuel  

DOEpatents

A refuse derived fuel (RDF) pellet having about 11% or more particulate calcium hydroxide which is utilized in a combustionable mixture. The pellets are used in a particulate fuel bring a mixture of 10% or more, on a heat equivalent basis, of the RDF pellet which contains calcium hydroxide as a binder, with 50% or more, on a heat equivalent basis, of a sulphur containing coal. Combustion of the mixture is effective to produce an effluent gas from the combustion zone having a reduced SO.sub.2 and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content of effluent gas from similar combustion materials not containing the calcium hydroxide.

Daugherty, Kenneth E. (Lewisville, TX); Venables, Barney J. (Denton, TX); Ohlsson, Oscar O. (Naperville, IL)

1996-01-01

90

Mechanical method for separating fractions of incinerated urban refuse or similar industrial refuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method is disclosed for separating fractions of incinerated refuse with a high recuperation yield without requiring special equipment. A first portion of the separation process may be applied to either an initially dry or an initially wet refuse. The refuse is at first screened to a median size. The oversized fraction is crushed and shredded and the non-magnetic fraction

A. Benedetto; R. O. Cuvillier; J. N. Gony

1977-01-01

91

Comparison of the Effects of Cooperative Learning and Traditional Learning Methods on the Improvement of Drug-Dose Calculation Skills of Nursing Students Undergoing Internships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of cooperative learning and traditional learning methods on the development of drug-calculation skills. Design: Final-year nursing students ("n" = 85) undergoing internships during the 2010-2011 academic year at a nursing school constituted the study group of this…

Basak, Tulay; Yildiz, Dilek

2014-01-01

92

30 CFR 77.215 - Refuse piles; construction requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Refuse piles; construction requirements. 77.215...Surface Installations § 77.215 Refuse piles; construction requirements. (a) Refuse deposited on a pile shall be spread in layers and...

2014-07-01

93

30 CFR 77.214 - Refuse piles; general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Refuse piles; general. 77.214 Section 77.214 Mineral...MINES Surface Installations § 77.214 Refuse piles; general. (a) Refuse piles constructed on or after July 1, 1971,...

2013-07-01

94

30 CFR 77.215-4 - Refuse piles; abandonment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Refuse piles; abandonment. 77.215-4 Section 77...Surface Installations § 77.215-4 Refuse piles; abandonment. When a refuse pile is to be abandoned, the District Manager...

2014-07-01

95

30 CFR 77.215 - Refuse piles; construction requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Refuse piles; construction requirements. 77.215...Surface Installations § 77.215 Refuse piles; construction requirements. (a) Refuse deposited on a pile shall be spread in layers and...

2010-07-01

96

30 CFR 77.214 - Refuse piles; general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Refuse piles; general. 77.214 Section 77.214 Mineral...MINES Surface Installations § 77.214 Refuse piles; general. (a) Refuse piles constructed on or after July 1, 1971,...

2014-07-01

97

30 CFR 77.215-2 - Refuse piles; reporting requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Refuse piles; reporting requirements. 77.215-2...Installations § 77.215-2 Refuse piles; reporting requirements. (a) The proposed location of a new refuse pile shall be reported to and...

2011-07-01

98

30 CFR 77.215-4 - Refuse piles; abandonment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Refuse piles; abandonment. 77.215-4 Section 77...Surface Installations § 77.215-4 Refuse piles; abandonment. When a refuse pile is to be abandoned, the District Manager...

2011-07-01

99

30 CFR 77.215 - Refuse piles; construction requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Refuse piles; construction requirements. 77.215...Surface Installations § 77.215 Refuse piles; construction requirements. (a) Refuse deposited on a pile shall be spread in layers and...

2011-07-01

100

30 CFR 77.215-2 - Refuse piles; reporting requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Refuse piles; reporting requirements. 77.215-2...Installations § 77.215-2 Refuse piles; reporting requirements. (a) The proposed location of a new refuse pile shall be reported to and...

2013-07-01

101

30 CFR 77.215 - Refuse piles; construction requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Refuse piles; construction requirements. 77.215...Surface Installations § 77.215 Refuse piles; construction requirements. (a) Refuse deposited on a pile shall be spread in layers and...

2012-07-01

102

30 CFR 77.215-4 - Refuse piles; abandonment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Refuse piles; abandonment. 77.215-4 Section 77...Surface Installations § 77.215-4 Refuse piles; abandonment. When a refuse pile is to be abandoned, the District Manager...

2010-07-01

103

30 CFR 77.214 - Refuse piles; general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Refuse piles; general. 77.214 Section 77.214 Mineral...MINES Surface Installations § 77.214 Refuse piles; general. (a) Refuse piles constructed on or after July 1, 1971,...

2010-07-01

104

30 CFR 77.215-2 - Refuse piles; reporting requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Refuse piles; reporting requirements. 77.215-2...Installations § 77.215-2 Refuse piles; reporting requirements. (a) The proposed location of a new refuse pile shall be reported to and...

2012-07-01

105

30 CFR 77.215 - Refuse piles; construction requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Refuse piles; construction requirements. 77.215...Surface Installations § 77.215 Refuse piles; construction requirements. (a) Refuse deposited on a pile shall be spread in layers and...

2013-07-01

106

30 CFR 77.215-2 - Refuse piles; reporting requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Refuse piles; reporting requirements. 77.215-2...Installations § 77.215-2 Refuse piles; reporting requirements. (a) The proposed location of a new refuse pile shall be reported to and...

2014-07-01

107

30 CFR 77.214 - Refuse piles; general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Refuse piles; general. 77.214 Section 77.214 Mineral...MINES Surface Installations § 77.214 Refuse piles; general. (a) Refuse piles constructed on or after July 1, 1971,...

2011-07-01

108

30 CFR 77.215-4 - Refuse piles; abandonment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Refuse piles; abandonment. 77.215-4 Section 77...Surface Installations § 77.215-4 Refuse piles; abandonment. When a refuse pile is to be abandoned, the District Manager...

2012-07-01

109

30 CFR 77.215-4 - Refuse piles; abandonment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Refuse piles; abandonment. 77.215-4 Section 77...Surface Installations § 77.215-4 Refuse piles; abandonment. When a refuse pile is to be abandoned, the District Manager...

2013-07-01

110

30 CFR 77.214 - Refuse piles; general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Refuse piles; general. 77.214 Section 77.214 Mineral...MINES Surface Installations § 77.214 Refuse piles; general. (a) Refuse piles constructed on or after July 1, 1971,...

2012-07-01

111

In Fairbanks, refuse has its uses  

SciTech Connect

This article describes the refuse recycling and utilization initiative currently being undertaken in Fairbanks, Alaska. The author discusses this initiative in terms of both it economic and environmental advantages, emphasizing the viability of refuse-derived fuel as an economic resource.

Geist, A. (Alaska-based writer, AK (US))

1989-02-01

112

Effective Intervention for School Refusal Behaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation of successful professional intervention for two case studies of female adolescents' school refusal behaviour is presented. Data gathered from the young person, professionals, and parents in each case are synthesised to propose a multi-level, ecologically situated model of intervention for school refusal behaviour. The proposed…

Nuttall, Clare; Woods, Kevin

2013-01-01

113

The space station integrated refuse management system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design and development of an Integrated Refuse Management System for the proposed International Space Station was performed. The primary goal was to make use of any existing potential energy or material properties that refuse may possess. The secondary goal was based on the complete removal or disposal of those products that could not, in any way, benefit astronauts' needs aboard the Space Station. The design of a continuous living and experimental habitat in space has spawned the need for a highly efficient and effective refuse management system capable of managing nearly forty-thousand pounds of refuse annually. To satisfy this need, the following four integrable systems were researched and developed: collection and transfer; recycle and reuse; advance disposal; and propulsion assist in disposal. The design of a Space Station subsystem capable of collecting and transporting refuse from its generation site to its disposal and/or recycling site was accomplished. Several methods of recycling or reusing refuse in the space environment were researched. The optimal solution was determined to be the method of pyrolysis. The objective of removing refuse from the Space Station environment, subsequent to recycling, was fulfilled with the design of a jettison vehicle. A number of jettison vehicle launch scenarios were analyzed. Selection of a proper disposal site and the development of a system to propel the vehicle to that site were completed. Reentry into the earth atmosphere for the purpose of refuse incineration was determined to be the most attractive solution.

Anderson, Loren A.

1988-01-01

114

Caregivers Who Refuse Preventive Care for Their Children: The Relationship Between Immunization and Topical Fluoride Refusal  

PubMed Central

Objectives. The aim of this study was to examine caregivers’ refusal of preventive medical and dental care for children. Methods. Prevalence rates of topical fluoride refusal based on dental records and caregiver self-reports were estimated for children treated in 3 dental clinics in Washington State. A 60-item survey was administered to 1024 caregivers to evaluate the association between immunization and topical fluoride refusal. Modified Poisson regression models were used to estimate prevalence rate ratios (PRRs). Results. The prevalence of topical fluoride refusal was 4.9% according to dental records and 12.7% according to caregiver self-reports. The rate of immunization refusal was 27.4%. In the regression models, immunization refusal was significantly associated with topical fluoride refusal (dental record PRR?=?1.61; 95% confidence interval [CI]?=?1.32, 1.96; P?refuse both immunizations and topical fluoride (P?refusal of immunizations is associated with topical fluoride refusal. Future research should identify the behavioral and social factors related to caregiver refusal of preventive care with the goal of developing multidisciplinary strategies to help caregivers make optimal preventive care decisions for children. PMID:24832428

2014-01-01

115

Food Refusal in Children: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Food refusal is a severe feeding problem in which children refuse to eat all or most foods presented and exhibit problems with growth. This review discusses the definition, etiology, and interventions pertaining to food refusal. The interventions utilized for food refusal typically consist of several treatment components. These treatment…

Williams, Keith E.; Field, Douglas G.; Seiverling, Laura

2010-01-01

116

Refusing The Choice: Balancing Life and Work  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Choice The intellect of man is forced to choose perfection of the life, or of the work, And if it take the second must refuse A heavenly mansion, raging in the dark. When all that story's finished, what's the news? In luck or out the toil has left its mark: That old perplexity an empty purse, Or the day's vanity, the night's remorse. William Butler Yeats William Yeats put forward The Choice that I feel too many scientists feel they must make. Too often, many choose to leave science. How do we refuse this choice and find balance between life and our careers? While I don't know the answer, I will share choices that have lead to not perfection but satisfaction in science careers and lives. The role of mentors, supportive spouses, the luck of the job, and flexibility in research directions have all contributed to being able to refuse to choose.

Brooks, J.

2012-12-01

117

Personal values and cancer treatment refusal.  

PubMed

This pilot study explores the reasons patients have for refusing chemotherapy, and the ways oncologists respond to them. Our hypothesis, generated from interviews with patients and oncologists, is that an ethical approach that views a refusal as an autonomous choice, in which patients are informed about the pros and cons of treatment and have to decide by weighing them, is not sufficient. A different ethical approach is needed to deal with the various evaluations that play a role in treatment refusal. If patients forgo further treatment, while curative or palliative methods are available, there is no perspective from which to integrate the weighing of pros and cons of treatment and the preferences and values of individual cancer patients. A discrepancy thus results as regards what "good reasons" are, evoking misunderstandings or even breaking off communication. Suggestions are given for follow up research. PMID:11055039

Huijer, M; van Leeuwen, E

2000-10-01

118

9 CFR 98.9 - Embryos refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos from Regions Free of Rinderpest and Foot-and-Mouth Disease; and Embryos of Horses and Asses § 98.9 Embryos refused entry. Any embryo refused entry into the United States for noncompliance with the...

2011-01-01

119

9 CFR 98.9 - Embryos refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos from Regions Free of Rinderpest and Foot-and-Mouth Disease; and Embryos of Horses and Asses § 98.9 Embryos refused entry. Any embryo refused entry into the United States for noncompliance with the...

2014-01-01

120

9 CFR 98.9 - Embryos refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos from Regions Free of Rinderpest and Foot-and-Mouth Disease; and Embryos of Horses and Asses § 98.9 Embryos refused entry. Any embryo refused entry into the United States for noncompliance with the...

2013-01-01

121

9 CFR 98.9 - Embryos refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos from Regions Free of Rinderpest and Foot-and-Mouth Disease; and Embryos of Horses and Asses § 98.9 Embryos refused entry. Any embryo refused entry into the United States for noncompliance with the...

2012-01-01

122

37 CFR 11.15 - Refusal to recognize a practitioner.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Refusal to recognize a practitioner. 11.15 Section 11.15 Patents, Trademarks...Non-Patent Law § 11.15 Refusal to recognize a practitioner. Any practitioner authorized to appear before the Office...

2013-07-01

123

37 CFR 11.15 - Refusal to recognize a practitioner.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Refusal to recognize a practitioner. 11.15 Section 11.15 Patents, Trademarks...Non-Patent Law § 11.15 Refusal to recognize a practitioner. Any practitioner authorized to appear before the Office...

2010-07-01

124

37 CFR 11.15 - Refusal to recognize a practitioner.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Refusal to recognize a practitioner. 11.15 Section 11.15 Patents, Trademarks...Non-Patent Law § 11.15 Refusal to recognize a practitioner. Any practitioner authorized to appear before the Office...

2012-07-01

125

37 CFR 11.15 - Refusal to recognize a practitioner.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Refusal to recognize a practitioner. 11.15 Section 11.15 Patents, Trademarks...Non-Patent Law § 11.15 Refusal to recognize a practitioner. Any practitioner authorized to appear before the Office...

2014-07-01

126

37 CFR 11.15 - Refusal to recognize a practitioner.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Refusal to recognize a practitioner. 11.15 Section 11.15 Patents, Trademarks...Non-Patent Law § 11.15 Refusal to recognize a practitioner. Any practitioner authorized to appear before the Office...

2011-07-01

127

7 CFR 75.46 - When appeal refused or withdrawn.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS FOR INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION OF QUALITY OF AGRICULTURAL AND VEGETABLE SEEDS Fees and Charges § 75.46 When appeal refused or withdrawn. When an appeal is refused...

2010-01-01

128

Large Steam Generating Units for the Combustion of Refuse  

E-print Network

by the combustion of municipal refuse, however, is a very complex process requiring the cooperation of many governmental, private, industrial, environmental and financial entities. A number of refuse burning plants have been and are being built. Many projects...

Adams, P. J.; Robinson, C. C.

129

30 CFR 77.215-2 - Refuse piles; reporting requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND SURFACE WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Surface Installations § 77.215-2 Refuse piles; reporting requirements...of whether or not the refuse pile is burning. (6) A description of measures taken to prevent water from being impounded...

2010-07-01

130

9 CFR 98.9 - Embryos refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMAL EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos from Regions Free of Rinderpest and Foot-and-Mouth Disease; and Embryos of Horses and Asses § 98.9 Embryos refused entry. Any embryo refused...

2010-01-01

131

Cognitive skills underlying driving in patients discharged following self-poisoning with central nervous system depressant drugs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Central nervous system depressant drugs (CNS-Ds) can impair cognitive functions and driving. They are also the most common drugs taken in overdose in hospital-treated episodes of self-poisoning. In Australia most of these patients are discharged within 48 hours, while they still have possible subclinical drug-effects. We aimed to determine whether patients treated for self-poisoning with CNS-Ds are impaired in

Tharaka L. Dassanayake; Patricia T. Michie; Alison L. Jones; Trevor Mallard; Ian M. Whyte; Gregory L. Carter

2012-01-01

132

IMPACT OF COAL REFUSE DISPOSAL ON GROUNDWATER  

EPA Science Inventory

The objective of this study was to determine the extent of groundwater quality deterioration when coal mine refuse and power plant ashes were disposed of in open pits. In addition, disposal methods were developed and procedures for planning and designing disposal sites were formu...

133

TIME-SETTLEMENT BEHAVIOR OF PROCESSED REFUSE. PART III: ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF MILLED REFUSE  

EPA Science Inventory

The objectives of this laboratory investigation were to gain an understanding of the decomposition of milled refuse under anaerobic conditions, the rates of decomposition, and the gas production and composition. The rates of decomposition of cellulose and cellulosic materials, ga...

134

School Refusal Behavior: Prevalence, Characteristics, and the Schools' Response.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 288 elementary and secondary North Dakota schools found 75% had a school refusal behavior (SRB) identification system in place, 57% had a school psychologist available, principals were most frequently responsible for identifying school refusers, 2.3% of students were identified as school refusers of which 49% falsely claimed illness,…

Stickney, Marcella I.; Miltenberger, Raymond G.

1998-01-01

135

Study on the thermal insulation material made from coal refuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thermal insulation material, which is principally made from coal refuse, possesses high compressive strength, low thermal conductivity and so on. It's a new way for the harnessing and the comprehensive utilization of coal refuse. This paper reveals that the coal refuse content and the impurities such as Fe and Ti have influences on the thermal insulation material's properties and

Liu Xiaobo; Xiao Qiuguo; Fu Yongjian; Hu Futian

1996-01-01

136

30 CFR 77.215-3 - Refuse piles: certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Refuse piles: certification. 77.215-3 Section...Installations § 77.215-3 Refuse piles: certification. (a) Within 180...notification by the District Manager that a refuse pile can present a hazard, the person...

2014-07-01

137

30 CFR 77.215-3 - Refuse piles: certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Refuse piles: certification. 77.215-3 Section...Installations § 77.215-3 Refuse piles: certification. (a) Within 180...notification by the District Manager that a refuse pile can present a hazard, the person...

2012-07-01

138

30 CFR 77.215-1 - Refuse piles; identification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Refuse piles; identification. 77.215-1 Section...Installations § 77.215-1 Refuse piles; identification. A permanent identification...least six feet high and showing the refuse pile identification number as assigned by...

2012-07-01

139

30 CFR 77.215-3 - Refuse piles: certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Refuse piles: certification. 77.215-3 Section...Installations § 77.215-3 Refuse piles: certification. (a) Within 180...notification by the District Manager that a refuse pile can present a hazard, the person...

2013-07-01

140

30 CFR 77.215-3 - Refuse piles: certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Refuse piles: certification. 77.215-3 Section...Installations § 77.215-3 Refuse piles: certification. (a) Within 180...notification by the District Manager that a refuse pile can present a hazard, the person...

2010-07-01

141

30 CFR 77.215-1 - Refuse piles; identification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Refuse piles; identification. 77.215-1 Section...Installations § 77.215-1 Refuse piles; identification. A permanent identification...least six feet high and showing the refuse pile identification number as assigned by...

2011-07-01

142

30 CFR 77.215-1 - Refuse piles; identification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Refuse piles; identification. 77.215-1 Section...Installations § 77.215-1 Refuse piles; identification. A permanent identification...least six feet high and showing the refuse pile identification number as assigned by...

2010-07-01

143

30 CFR 77.215-1 - Refuse piles; identification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Refuse piles; identification. 77.215-1 Section...Installations § 77.215-1 Refuse piles; identification. A permanent identification...least six feet high and showing the refuse pile identification number as assigned by...

2013-07-01

144

30 CFR 77.215-1 - Refuse piles; identification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Refuse piles; identification. 77.215-1 Section...Installations § 77.215-1 Refuse piles; identification. A permanent identification...least six feet high and showing the refuse pile identification number as assigned by...

2014-07-01

145

30 CFR 77.215-3 - Refuse piles: certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Refuse piles: certification. 77.215-3 Section...Installations § 77.215-3 Refuse piles: certification. (a) Within 180...notification by the District Manager that a refuse pile can present a hazard, the person...

2011-07-01

146

Children of divorce: the differential diagnosis of contact refusal.  

PubMed

Contact refusal is a common phenomenon that can occur during the course of, or after, divorce, which affects the relationship between a child and the parent. This article defines the concept of contact refusal and discusses the importance of its recognition. The concept is further narrowed to focus on the child as the one refusing contact, not the parent, which can happen as well. Various types of contact refusals are illustrated in the article through clinical vignettes, and an approach to categorizing the various types of contact refusal is presented. PMID:21683913

Freeman, Bradley W

2011-07-01

147

Medication and Skilled Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is increasing interest in the way in which drugs impair performance. This has arisen because some may impair day-to-day skills of those whose occupations demand vigilance and motor skill, and of those who are involved in decision making or where interpersonal relations are crucial. For many years the position was adopted, at least in certain occupations where impaired performance

A. N. Nicholson

1990-01-01

148

Estimates of Intragroup Dependence for Drug Use and Skill Measures in School-Based Drug Abuse Prevention Trials: An Empirical Study of Three Independent Samples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Group-randomized drug abuse prevention trials customarily designate schools as the unit of assignment to experimental condition; however, students within schools remain the unit of observation. Students nested within schools may show some resemblance based on common (peer) selection or school climate factors (i.e., disciplinary practices, group norms, or rules). Appropriate analyses of any treatment effects must be statistically correct for

Lawrence M. Scheier; Kenneth W. Griffin; Margaret M. Doyle; Gilbert J. Botvin

2002-01-01

149

Resolving cognitive dissonance by acquisition of self-organizational skills may decrease drug-resistant seizures — A case report  

PubMed Central

A recent review of psychobehavioral therapy for epilepsy recommends case reports as a research design to explore specific psychological mediators of psychobehavioral interventions for epilepsy that address the bidirectional relationship between psychological states and seizures. The report was prepared according to the consensus-based CARE guidelines for standardized clinical case reporting. This is a case of a 16-year-old male individual with a diagnosed seizure disorder and learning disability who continued to have daytime and nighttime seizures on a regular basis despite exhausting of available conventional treatment options. A psychological assessment led to the working hypothesis that cognitive dissonance between fear of failure and high expectations of self had led to a “broken” self-image and active avoidance of responsibility that resulted in intense emotional distress which correlated with the occurrence of seizures. This working hypothesis resulted in a treatment plan that employed the acquisition of self-organizational skills and relaxation techniques as the main therapeutic strategy. Motivational strategies were employed to facilitate the regulation of lifestyle-related seizure precipitants. In this case, the acquisition of self-organizational skills and the development of seizure interruption techniques correlated with a clinically significant decrease of seizures. Methodological limitations of the interpretation of the presented data are discussed. PMID:25667872

Michaelis, Rosa; Andrews, Donna J.; Reiter, Joel M.; von Schoen-Angerer, Tido

2014-01-01

150

Resolving cognitive dissonance by acquisition of self-organizational skills may decrease drug-resistant seizures - A case report.  

PubMed

A recent review of psychobehavioral therapy for epilepsy recommends case reports as a research design to explore specific psychological mediators of psychobehavioral interventions for epilepsy that address the bidirectional relationship between psychological states and seizures. The report was prepared according to the consensus-based CARE guidelines for standardized clinical case reporting. This is a case of a 16-year-old male individual with a diagnosed seizure disorder and learning disability who continued to have daytime and nighttime seizures on a regular basis despite exhausting of available conventional treatment options. A psychological assessment led to the working hypothesis that cognitive dissonance between fear of failure and high expectations of self had led to a "broken" self-image and active avoidance of responsibility that resulted in intense emotional distress which correlated with the occurrence of seizures. This working hypothesis resulted in a treatment plan that employed the acquisition of self-organizational skills and relaxation techniques as the main therapeutic strategy. Motivational strategies were employed to facilitate the regulation of lifestyle-related seizure precipitants. In this case, the acquisition of self-organizational skills and the development of seizure interruption techniques correlated with a clinically significant decrease of seizures. Methodological limitations of the interpretation of the presented data are discussed. PMID:25667872

Michaelis, Rosa; Andrews, Donna J; Reiter, Joel M; von Schoen-Angerer, Tido

2014-01-01

151

TIME-SETTLEMENT BEHAVIOR OF PROCESSED REFUSE. PART II: SWELLING PRESSURE AND PERMEABILITY IN MILLED REFUSE  

EPA Science Inventory

This report presents the results of permeability tests and swelling pressure tests on samples of a milled refuse at various compacted dry densities. Permeability tests were done with special attention being given to assure saturation of the sample; for this purpose, the sample wa...

152

Map Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Map Skill Activities Map Skills Follow the directions below and write your answers on the worksheet provided. 1. Continents Quiz: Continents Quiz 2. Latitude/Longitude Reviews latitude and longitude quiz latitude/longitude map game lat/long multiple choice quiz 3. Map Scale Map Scale Activity 4.Map Skills map skills game map skills quiz ...

Mrs. Ali

2010-02-23

153

76 FR 29796 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Refuse...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...for OMB Review; Comment Request; Refuse Piles and Impounding Structures, Recordkeeping...collection request (ICR) titled, ``Refuse Piles and Impounding Structures, Recordkeeping...annual reports and certification on refuse piles and impoundments to the agency and to...

2011-05-23

154

Household Refuse Analysis: Theory, Method, and Applications in Social Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The articles in this issue explore the current parameters of household refuse analysis. An overview of garbage research studies is presented; research methodology, theories, and applications are examined. U.S. household refuse is compared to the discards of households in Mexico City. (RM)

Rathje, William L., Ed.; Ritenbaugh, Cheryl K., Ed.

1984-01-01

155

Empirical Examination of a Multicomponent Treatment for Pediatric Food Refusal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on assessment and treatment of food refusal for four inpatient boys (ages 2,3,3, and 9) receiving tube feedings. It used a contingency contacting procedure extended by a component analysis. Data suggest that food refusal appeared to be maintained primarily by negative reinforcement contingencies. Caregiver responses indicated a…

Hoch, Theodore A.; Babbitt, Roberta L.; Farrar-Schneider, Debra; Berkowitz, Merrill J.; Owens, J. Carl; Knight, Terry L.; Snyder, Angela M.; Rizol, Laura M.; Wise, David T.

2001-01-01

156

School Refusal: Assessment and Intervention within School Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anxiety-based school refusal occurs in 2% of school-age children. The reasons why they refuse to go school range from mental illness and learning problems to general defiance and a desire for attention. Early identification and multi-faceted assessment and interventions are critical to addressing the problem. This book offers concise, practical…

Wimmer, Mary B.

157

Refusal to Participate in a Survey of the Elderly  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive medical, social, psychiatric and dietary survey of persons 65 years of age and over was carried out in Kilsyth, a town in Stirlingshire. A total of 286 persons were randomly selected for the survey; of which 200 completed all sections, 34 refused medical examination and 52 refused to participate in any part of it. All but 2 of

A. J. Akhtar

1972-01-01

158

[Refusal of information from a legal and medical viewpoint].  

PubMed

Actual or implied refusal by the patient to accept an explanation of his illness is discussed with respect to its legal admissibility and the legal uncertainties for the attending physician. Refusal by the patient to accept information does not absolutely release the doctor from providing an explanation but only from that part which exceeds what is medically appropriate. PMID:6885529

Minnigerode, B

1983-07-01

159

Method of extracting coal from a coal refuse pile  

DOEpatents

A method of extracting coal from a coal refuse pile comprises soaking the coal refuse pile with an aqueous alkali solution and distributing an oxygen-containing gas throughout the coal refuse pile for a time period sufficient to effect oxidation of coal contained in the coal refuse pile. The method further comprises leaching the coal refuse pile with an aqueous alkali solution to solubilize and extract the oxidized coal as alkali salts of humic acids and collecting the resulting solution containing the alkali salts of humic acids. Calcium hydroxide may be added to the solution of alkali salts of humic acid to form precipitated humates useable as a low-ash, low-sulfur solid fuel.

Yavorsky, Paul M. (Monongahela, PA)

1991-01-01

160

Recycling of aged refuse from a closed landfill.  

PubMed

In this study, refuse excavated from a typical refuse landfill in Shanghai after 8-10 years of placement was characterized in terms of particle size, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, and biodegradable matter. The refuse contained a large and diverse population of micro-organisms with a high capacity for decomposing refractory organic matter present in some wastewaters, including leachate. It was found that the aged refuse was quite stable after about a decade of decomposition in the warm, humid climate of southern China. The fine fractions resembled and had the properties of black soil, a medium that is suitable for green construction, organic fertilizer, or as bioreactor media for biological treatment of organic wastewaters. Excavation of the aged refuse would make about 50% of the space available for fresh refuse. The plastics, glass, textiles, and cans can be readily mechanically separated and recycled after cleaning. It is estimated that at least 200 millions tonnes of such aged refuse are available in China alone, and at least 10 times that much is buried worldwide. Hence, the evaluation of mined landfill waste and consideration of its potential uses is of great significance. PMID:17439048

Zhao, Youcai; Song, Liyan; Huang, Renhua; Song, Lijie; Li, Xiong

2007-04-01

161

Federal Courts Refuse to Promote Vernon Clark to Full Professor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Clark v Whiting," a federal appeals court affirmed the district court's dismissal of a biology teacher's suit contending that he was denied due process and equal protection in being refused promotion to full professor. (IRT)

Flygare, Thomas J.

1980-01-01

162

9 CFR 93.806 - Animals refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Animals refused entry. 93.806 Section 93.806 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

2012-01-01

163

9 CFR 93.806 - Animals refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Animals refused entry. 93.806 Section 93.806 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

2010-01-01

164

9 CFR 93.806 - Animals refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Animals refused entry. 93.806 Section 93.806 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

2013-01-01

165

9 CFR 93.806 - Animals refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Animals refused entry. 93.806 Section 93.806 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

2014-01-01

166

9 CFR 98.20 - Embryos refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMAL EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos From Regions Where Rinderpest or Foot-and-Mouth Disease Exists § 98.20 Embryos refused entry. If any embryos are determined to be ineligible for...

2011-01-01

167

9 CFR 98.20 - Embryos refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...PRODUCTS IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMAL EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos From Regions Where Rinderpest or Foot-and-Mouth Disease Exists § 98.20 Embryos refused entry. If any embryos are determined to be ineligible for...

2014-01-01

168

9 CFR 98.20 - Embryos refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PRODUCTS IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMAL EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos From Regions Where Rinderpest or Foot-and-Mouth Disease Exists § 98.20 Embryos refused entry. If any embryos are determined to be ineligible for...

2013-01-01

169

7 CFR 322.10 - Inspection; refusal of entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation of Adult Honeybees, Honeybee Germ Plasm, and Bees Other Than Honeybees From Approved Regions § 322.10 Inspection; refusal of entry. (a) Shipments...

2014-01-01

170

7 CFR 322.10 - Inspection; refusal of entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation of Adult Honeybees, Honeybee Germ Plasm, and Bees Other Than Honeybees From Approved Regions § 322.10 Inspection; refusal of entry. (a) Shipments...

2010-01-01

171

7 CFR 322.10 - Inspection; refusal of entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation of Adult Honeybees, Honeybee Germ Plasm, and Bees Other Than Honeybees From Approved Regions § 322.10 Inspection; refusal of entry. (a) Shipments...

2011-01-01

172

7 CFR 322.10 - Inspection; refusal of entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation of Adult Honeybees, Honeybee Germ Plasm, and Bees Other Than Honeybees From Approved Regions § 322.10 Inspection; refusal of entry. (a) Shipments...

2013-01-01

173

7 CFR 322.10 - Inspection; refusal of entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation of Adult Honeybees, Honeybee Germ Plasm, and Bees Other Than Honeybees From Approved Regions § 322.10 Inspection; refusal of entry. (a) Shipments...

2012-01-01

174

28 CFR 549.65 - Refusal to accept treatment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...549.65 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT MEDICAL SERVICES Hunger Strikes, Inmate § 549.65 Refusal to accept treatment. (a) When, as a result of inadequate intake or...

2010-07-01

175

25 CFR 135.23 - Refusal of water delivery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES CONSTRUCTION ASSESSMENTS, CROW INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECT Charges Assessed Against Non-Indian Lands Not Included in an Irrigation District § 135.23 Refusal of water delivery. The right is...

2011-04-01

176

25 CFR 135.6 - Refusal of water delivery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... CONSTRUCTION ASSESSMENTS, CROW INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECT Charges Assessed Against Irrigation District Lands § 135.6 Refusal of...the delivery of water to each of the said Irrigation Districts in the event of default in...

2013-04-01

177

25 CFR 135.23 - Refusal of water delivery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES CONSTRUCTION ASSESSMENTS, CROW INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECT Charges Assessed Against Non-Indian Lands Not Included in an Irrigation District § 135.23 Refusal of water delivery. The right is...

2014-04-01

178

25 CFR 135.23 - Refusal of water delivery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES CONSTRUCTION ASSESSMENTS, CROW INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECT Charges Assessed Against Non-Indian Lands Not Included in an Irrigation District § 135.23 Refusal of water delivery. The right is...

2012-04-01

179

25 CFR 135.23 - Refusal of water delivery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES CONSTRUCTION ASSESSMENTS, CROW INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECT Charges Assessed Against Non-Indian Lands Not Included in an Irrigation District § 135.23 Refusal of water delivery. The right is...

2013-04-01

180

25 CFR 135.6 - Refusal of water delivery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... CONSTRUCTION ASSESSMENTS, CROW INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECT Charges Assessed Against Irrigation District Lands § 135.6 Refusal of...the delivery of water to each of the said Irrigation Districts in the event of default in...

2014-04-01

181

25 CFR 135.6 - Refusal of water delivery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... CONSTRUCTION ASSESSMENTS, CROW INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECT Charges Assessed Against Irrigation District Lands § 135.6 Refusal of...the delivery of water to each of the said Irrigation Districts in the event of default in...

2010-04-01

182

25 CFR 135.23 - Refusal of water delivery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES CONSTRUCTION ASSESSMENTS, CROW INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECT Charges Assessed Against Non-Indian Lands Not Included in an Irrigation District § 135.23 Refusal of water delivery. The right is...

2010-04-01

183

25 CFR 135.6 - Refusal of water delivery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... CONSTRUCTION ASSESSMENTS, CROW INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECT Charges Assessed Against Irrigation District Lands § 135.6 Refusal of...the delivery of water to each of the said Irrigation Districts in the event of default in...

2012-04-01

184

30 CFR 817.83 - Coal mine waste: Refuse piles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...erosion, promote growth of vegetation or increase the moisture retention of the soil. (2) The final configuration of the refuse...stability, control of erosion, conservation of soil moisture, or facilitation of the approved postmining...

2013-07-01

185

30 CFR 816.83 - Coal mine waste: Refuse piles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...erosion, promote growth of vegetation or increase the moisture retention of the soil. (2) The final configuration of the refuse...stability, control or erosion, conservation of soil moisture, or facilitation of the approved postmining...

2014-07-01

186

30 CFR 817.83 - Coal mine waste: Refuse piles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...erosion, promote growth of vegetation or increase the moisture retention of the soil. (2) The final configuration of the refuse...stability, control of erosion, conservation of soil moisture, or facilitation of the approved postmining...

2012-07-01

187

30 CFR 816.83 - Coal mine waste: Refuse piles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...erosion, promote growth of vegetation or increase the moisture retention of the soil. (2) The final configuration of the refuse...stability, control or erosion, conservation of soil moisture, or facilitation of the approved postmining...

2013-07-01

188

30 CFR 816.83 - Coal mine waste: Refuse piles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...erosion, promote growth of vegetation or increase the moisture retention of the soil. (2) The final configuration of the refuse...stability, control or erosion, conservation of soil moisture, or facilitation of the approved postmining...

2012-07-01

189

30 CFR 817.83 - Coal mine waste: Refuse piles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...erosion, promote growth of vegetation or increase the moisture retention of the soil. (2) The final configuration of the refuse...stability, control of erosion, conservation of soil moisture, or facilitation of the approved postmining...

2014-07-01

190

25 CFR 135.6 - Refusal of water delivery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

The right is reserved to the United States to refuse the delivery of water to each of the said Irrigation Districts in the event of default in the payment of assessments, including penalties on account of...

2011-04-01

191

28 CFR 345.34 - Refusal to employ.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Refusal to employ. 345.34 Section 345.34 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Recruitment and Hiring Practices § 345.34...

2011-07-01

192

28 CFR 345.34 - Refusal to employ.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Refusal to employ. 345.34 Section 345.34 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Recruitment and Hiring Practices § 345.34...

2010-07-01

193

28 CFR 345.34 - Refusal to employ.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Refusal to employ. 345.34 Section 345.34 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Recruitment and Hiring Practices § 345.34...

2014-07-01

194

9 CFR 98.20 - Embryos refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMAL EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos From Regions Where Rinderpest or Foot-and-Mouth Disease Exists § 98.20 Embryos refused entry. If any embryos are determined to be ineligible for...

2010-01-01

195

Jet flames of a refuse derived fuel  

SciTech Connect

This paper is concerned with combustion of a refuse derived fuel in a small-scale flame. The objective is to provide a direct comparison of the RDF flame properties with properties of pulverized coal flames fired under similar boundary conditions. Measurements of temperature, gas composition (O{sub 2}, CO{sub 2}, CO, NO) and burnout have demonstrated fundamental differences between the coal flames and the RDF flames. The pulverized coals ignite in the close vicinity of the burner and most of the combustion is completed within the first 300 ms. Despite the high volatile content of the RDF, its combustion extends far into the furnace and after 1.8 s residence time only a 94% burnout has been achieved. This effect has been attributed not only to the larger particle size of fluffy RDF particles but also to differences in RDF volatiles if compared to coal volatiles. Substantial amounts of oily tars have been observed in the RDF flames even though the flame temperatures exceeded 1300 C. The presence of these tars has enhanced the slagging propensity of RDF flames and rapidly growing deposits of high carbon content have been observed. (author)

Weber, Roman; Kupka, Tomasz; Zajac, Krzysztof [Institute of Energy Process Engineering and Fuel Technology, Clausthal University of Technology, Agicolastrasse 4, 38 678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany)

2009-04-15

196

Presentation skills.  

PubMed

This article emphasises the importance of effective presentation skills. Nurses with such skills can share knowledge and expertise, and communicate clearly, in a range of workplace scenarios. PMID:25746884

2015-03-01

197

Anxious School Refusers and Symptoms of PTSD in Abused Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

School refusal was assessed in 221 abused children based on parent responses to the Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents—Revised (DICA-R). Twenty Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) items were selected based on correspondence with school refusal specifically and with symptoms identified in the literature. These items were subjected to principal components analysis, yielding a two-factor solution accounting for 40.1% of the

Jeffrey N. Wherry; Ariel S. Marrs

2008-01-01

198

Clean Cities Niche Market Overview: Refuse Haulers (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

Refuse haulers are ideal for the adoption of alternative fuels and advanced vehicle technologies. By using fuels like natural gas, propane, or biodiesel, and technologies like hybrid electric and hydraulic hybrid systems, the refuse-hauling sector could substantially decrease its petroleum use and greenhouse gas emissions. Fleet managers should explore the benefits of the fuels and technologies available, as well as the individual fleet needs, before adoption.

Shea, S.

2011-09-01

199

Refuse incineration with heat recovery - Typical design and practical experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five typical steam cycle schemes for domestic-refuse incineration plants are reviewed, including: (1) district heating stations, (2) heat-and-power stations with back pressure turbine generators, (3) power stations with condensing turbine generators, (4) heat-and-power stations with tap-off condensing turbine generators, and (5) combined fossil-fuel and refuse firing. Attention is then given to theoretically utilizable heat quantity contained in annual per capita

W. J. Martin; H. Weiand

1977-01-01

200

Basic Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These four articles focus on developing basic reading, science, and job search skills: "Reading Program for Vocational Classes" by Augustus Luparelli; "Why Teach Employability Skills?" by Larry Siefferman; "Improving Vocabulary and Reading Skills" by Edythe Conway; and "Science in Everyday Life" by Virginia Eleazer and George Carney. (SK)

Luparelli, Augustus N.; And Others

1981-01-01

201

Short-term impact of cognition-motivation-emotional intelligence-resistance skills program on drug use prevention for school students in Wuhan, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Drug abuse continues to be a serious public health threat worldwide. Most drug abuse prevention research has been conducted\\u000a with predominantly American or European adolescent populations. Little is known about approaches that work best to prevent\\u000a the initiation of Chinese adolescent drug use. For targeting risk factors of drug initiation in Chinese adolescents, a school-based\\u000a health intervention program named “Cognition-Motivation-Emotional

Rui Guo; Qian He; Junxin Shi; Jie Gong; Hongxing Wang; Zengzhen Wang

2010-01-01

202

Effectiveness of culturally focused and generic skills training approaches to alcohol and drug abuse prevention among minority adolescents: Two-year follow-up results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two-year follow-up data (from inner-city, minority adolescents) were collected to test the effectiveness of 2 skills-based substance abuse prevention programs and were compared both with a control condition and with each other. Students were originally recruited from 6 New York City public schools while in 7th grade. Schools were matched and assigned to receive a generic skills training prevention approach,

Gilbert J. Botvin; Steven P. Schinke; Jennifer A. Epstein; Tracy Diaz; Elizabeth M. Botvin

1995-01-01

203

On latent school refusal in junior high school.  

PubMed

School refusal is a grave social problem for adolescents, their families, schools and society in Japan today as well as other developed countries. We researched the mentality of junior high school pupils about their feelings or moods toward school attendance with a set of questionnaires in order to know how much they were oppressed by daily school attendance. From such a viewpoint, we tried the questionnaire program at seven public junior high schools in a small city in the suburbs that developed rapidly and located not far away from a big city. We selected our subjects at random from one class out of each grade of each junior high school. The number of the subject pupils was 838: 429 boys and 409 girls. We postulated that the latent school refusals were those who answered all "yes" to three items which was always the case by school refusals in our clinical experience. We found 117 latent school refusals out of the 838: 65 boys and 52 girls. We considered three factors--problems concerning school, family and other daily activities. From our research, we recognize that there are many pupils attending school with the possibility of them becoming dropouts (14.0%). Their mentality is characteristic of school refusal itself while they attend school almost everyday. We clinicians should be aware of the social structure and make every effort to secure the healthy development of adolescents. PMID:3773352

Shimizu, M; Yasuda, Y; Tanaka, T

1986-03-01

204

Open air refuse burning video: Proton Dan the science man explores open air refuse burning  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this video is to educate school children to the potential hazards of open air trash burning; to demonstrate alternative ways to dispose of trash; and to motivate students to take action to change the behavior of their parents with regard to trash burning. The burning of household trash, although illegal, is still a common practice in rural areas of Delaware. Enforcement has been difficult because the practice is often performed at night and is done across a wide rural area that is difficult to patrol on a continuing basis. The prohibition on trash burning (revised Regulation 13 of The Delaware Code of Regulations Governing The Control of Air Pollution) has been in effect since 1968, but the public has been slow to comply because trash burning has been practiced for many generations and because much of the public is unaware of the environmental impacts and/or the human health risks. This video may be valuable for other States to use as a public outreach tool regarding their problems with open air refuse burning. The focus of the video is a 7th grade science class is given various assignments relating to Earth Day and preservation of natural resources. Two children in particular are given the assignment to research and report on the hazards of open air trash burning and are asked to investigate alternative ways to dispose of refuse. Upon brainstorming how to find information on the topic, the kids decide to contact the host of a popular children's science show on broadcast television named Proton Dan the Science Man (a fictitious character and show based on Bill Nye the Science Guy). The host then invites the kids to the studio where he films his show and takes them through the topic. The TV host character takes the children to several external locations like a landfill, recycling centers, etc..

Eastburn, M.D.; Sipple, J.L.; Deramo, A.R.

1999-07-01

205

Shop Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Shop Skills is a lesson plan which provides instruction in the safety procedures and work processes for hand and machine tools used in a metal machine shop. Specific skills include sawing, drilling, boring, grinding, lathing, and milling. After completing this module, students should be able to demonstrate proficiency in these skills through a variety of shop projects and in a final exercise that uses a combination of these skills. Note: This module is part of a modularized manufacturing technology curriculum created by the PSCME, found at www.pscme.org/educators.html.

206

Vaccine refusal and the endgame: walking the last mile first  

PubMed Central

As multiple papers within this special issue illustrate, the dynamics of disease eradication are different from disease control. When it comes to disease eradication, ‘the last mile is longest’. For social and ecological reasons such as vaccine refusal, further ending incidence of a disease when it has reached low levels is frequently complex. Issues of non-compliance within a target population often influence the outcome of disease eradication efforts. Past eradication efforts confronted such obstacles towards the tail end of the campaign, when disease incidence was lowest. This article provides a comparison of non-compliance within polio, measles and smallpox campaigns, demonstrating the tendency of vaccine refusal to rise as disease incidence falls. In order to overcome one of the most intractable challenges to eradication, future disease eradication efforts must prioritize vaccine refusal from the start, i.e. ‘walk the last mile first’. PMID:23798696

Saint-Victor, Diane S.; Omer, Saad B.

2013-01-01

207

Psychosocial Interventions for School Refusal Behavior in Children and Adolescents  

PubMed Central

This article reviews empirical evidence for the efficacy of psychosocial interventions for school refusal behavior. Data corresponding to eight experimental single-case and seven group-design studies are presented. Across studies, behavioral and cognitive-behavioral treatments emerged as promising lines of intervention. These interventions produced improvements in school attendance and youths’symptom levels (e.g., anxiety, fear, depression, anger) based on this study’s examination of effect sizes. The article concludes with suggestions for interventionists, researchers, and policymakers attempting to deal with the problem of school refusal. PMID:20161056

Pina, Armando A.; Zerr, Argero A.; Gonzales, Nancy A.; Ortiz, Claudio D.

2009-01-01

208

49 CFR 382.211 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test. 382...REGULATIONS CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES AND ALCOHOL USE AND TESTING Prohibitions § 382.211 Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test....

2012-10-01

209

49 CFR 382.211 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test. 382...REGULATIONS CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES AND ALCOHOL USE AND TESTING Prohibitions § 382.211 Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test....

2013-10-01

210

49 CFR 382.211 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test. 382...REGULATIONS CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES AND ALCOHOL USE AND TESTING Prohibitions § 382.211 Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test....

2014-10-01

211

49 CFR 382.211 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test. 382...REGULATIONS CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES AND ALCOHOL USE AND TESTING Prohibitions § 382.211 Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test....

2011-10-01

212

49 CFR 382.211 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test. 382...REGULATIONS CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES AND ALCOHOL USE AND TESTING Prohibitions § 382.211 Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test....

2010-10-01

213

14 CFR 382.19 - May carriers refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability? 382.19 Section 382...REGULATIONS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Nondiscrimination...refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability? (a) As a...

2013-01-01

214

14 CFR 382.19 - May carriers refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability? 382.19 Section 382...REGULATIONS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Nondiscrimination...refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability? (a) As a...

2012-01-01

215

14 CFR 382.19 - May carriers refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability? 382.19 Section 382...REGULATIONS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Nondiscrimination...refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability? (a) As a...

2014-01-01

216

14 CFR 382.19 - May carriers refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability? 382.19 Section 382...REGULATIONS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Nondiscrimination...refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability? (a) As a...

2011-01-01

217

14 CFR 382.19 - May carriers refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability? 382.19 Section 382...REGULATIONS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Nondiscrimination...refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability? (a) As a...

2010-01-01

218

Methane production during the anaerobic decomposition of composted and raw organic refuse in simulated landfill cells  

E-print Network

production from landfills if organic waste is composted prior to. The quantities and rates of methane production were measured from simulated landfill cells containing composted and raw simulated refuse. The refuse was composted in an open pile...

West, Margrit Evelyn

1995-01-01

219

37 CFR 10.62 - Refusing employment when the interest of the practitioner may impair the practitioner's...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Refusing employment when the interest of the practitioner may impair the practitioner's independent professional judgment. ...Refusing employment when the interest of the practitioner may impair the practitioner's...

2010-07-01

220

37 CFR 10.62 - Refusing employment when the interest of the practitioner may impair the practitioner's...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Refusing employment when the interest of the practitioner may impair the practitioner's independent professional judgment. ...Refusing employment when the interest of the practitioner may impair the practitioner's...

2012-07-01

221

37 CFR 10.62 - Refusing employment when the interest of the practitioner may impair the practitioner's...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Refusing employment when the interest of the practitioner may impair the practitioner's independent professional judgment. ...Refusing employment when the interest of the practitioner may impair the practitioner's...

2011-07-01

222

Cognition-Enhancing Drugs: Can We Say No?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Normative analysis of cognition-enhancing drugs frequently weighs the liberty interests of drug users against egalitarian values. Yet those who would refuse to engage in neuroenhancement may well find their liberty to do so limited in a society where such drugs are widespread. To the extent that unvarnished emotional responses are…

Pasquale, Frank

2010-01-01

223

Young Women's Experiences of Resisting Invitations to Use Illicit Drugs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten young women were interviewed regarding their experiences of resisting invitations to use illicit drugs. Hermeneutic phenomenology was used to gather and analyze information. One key theme was the motivations that inspired women to refuse drug offers. Young women resisted drug invitations because of their desires to be authentic, protect their…

Koehn, Corinne V.; O'Neill, Linda K.

2011-01-01

224

75 FR 3153 - Drug and Alcohol Testing Program; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...135-117A] RIN 2120-AJ37 Drug and Alcohol Testing Program; Correction AGENCY...Administration (FAA) is correcting its drug and alcohol testing regulations published on May 14...describing refusals to submit to drug or alcohol tests; directed readers to an...

2010-01-20

225

Understanding Excessive School Absenteeism as School Refusal Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding excessive absenteeism is important to ameliorating the negative outcomes associated with the behavior. The present study examined behavioral reinforcement profiles of school refusal behavior: negative reinforcement (avoidance) and positive reinforcement (gaining parental attention or receiving tangible benefits from not attending…

Dube, Shanta R.; Orpinas, Pamela

2009-01-01

226

ReFUSE: Userspace FUSE Reimplementation Using puffs Antti Kantee  

E-print Network

ReFUSE: Userspace FUSE Reimplementation Using puffs Antti Kantee Helsinki University of Technology puffs (Pass-to-Userspace Framework File System) userspace file systems framework. We argue system interface available. We summarize the puffs and FUSE interfaces and explain how the mapping

Bridges, Patrick

227

Why did Swiss citizens refuse to ban tobacco advertising?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A ban on tobacco advertising is one of the major tools to promote tobacco control. Swiss citizens recently refused to modify the Swiss Constitution to ban tobacco advertising. This case study shows how a strong alliance among the tobacco industry, the state, the media, and sports and cultural activities planners made it difficult for people to make an informed decision.

J. Cornuz; B. Burnand; I. Kawachi; F. Gutzwiller; F. Paccaud

1996-01-01

228

43 CFR 15.4 - Refuse and polluting substances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...substances. 15.4 Section 15.4 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.4 Refuse and polluting substances. No person shall dump or deposit in or on the waters of...

2010-10-01

229

43 CFR 15.4 - Refuse and polluting substances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...substances. 15.4 Section 15.4 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.4 Refuse and polluting substances. No person shall dump or deposit in or on the waters of this...

2012-10-01

230

43 CFR 15.4 - Refuse and polluting substances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...substances. 15.4 Section 15.4 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.4 Refuse and polluting substances. No person shall dump or deposit in or on the waters of...

2014-10-01

231

43 CFR 15.4 - Refuse and polluting substances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...substances. 15.4 Section 15.4 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.4 Refuse and polluting substances. No person shall dump or deposit in or on the waters of...

2013-10-01

232

43 CFR 15.4 - Refuse and polluting substances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...substances. 15.4 Section 15.4 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.4 Refuse and polluting substances. No person shall dump or deposit in or on the waters of...

2011-10-01

233

Analysis of municipal refuse incinerator ashes for asbestos  

Microsoft Academic Search

Municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills can reduce nearby property values and result in groundwater pollution. Incineration of such refuse is therefore underway or being planned by many communities. A wide variety of material types comprise the combustible portion of MSW including paper, cardboard, wood, plastics, leather, rubber and textiles as well as food and yard wastes. Other classes of noncombustible

Kusum J. Patel-Mandlik; Charles G. Manos; Donald J. Lisk

1988-01-01

234

Characterization of coal-mine refuse as backfilling material  

Microsoft Academic Search

With increased production and more stringent regulations for air, water and ground pollution control, the safe and environmentally acceptable disposal of coal-mine refuse is becoming ever more demanding. Backfilling may provide an environmentally acceptable method for the disposal of waste materials. Increased resource recovery, enhanced ventilation control, and minimizing surface subsidence, underground coal-mine fires and spontaneous combustion of coal are

M. G. Karfakis; C. H. Bowman; E. Topuz

1996-01-01

235

Descriptive Analyses of Pediatric Food Refusal and Acceptance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Functional analyses of inappropriate mealtime behavior typically include conditions to determine if the contingent delivery of attention, tangible items, or escape reinforce food refusal. In the current investigation, descriptive analyses were conducted for 25 children who had been admitted to a program for the assessment and treatment of food…

Borrero, Carrie S. W.; Woods, Julia N.; Borrero, John C.; Masler, Elizabeth A.; Lesser, Aaron D.

2010-01-01

236

FUNDAMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR PREPARING DENSIFIED REFUSE DERIVED FUEL  

EPA Science Inventory

A series of pilot-scale tests were conducted to determine the effects of various parameters on the densification of refuse derived fuel (RDF). The experiments included a series of bench-scale experiments involving a single die arrangement, as well as larger-scale studies in which...

237

Optimal Power Train Design of a Hybrid Refuse Collector Vehicle  

E-print Network

components compared to a heuristically designed vehicle. Keywords: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV), optimization, refuse collector vehicle I. INTRODUCTION Today, hybrid electric vehicles are accepted as a step is possible with most of hybrid electric vehicles, promises significant fuel saving. In addition

Paderborn, Universität

238

Harnessing energy from domestic, municipal and industrial refuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problems and options for those organisations contemplating changes in their refuse-disposal policies and processes are reviewed. Controlled incineration is potentially the safest method of destroying the more toxic industrial wastes such as PCBs, which are especially persistent. The use of the resulting hot gases to produce superheated steam to drive a turbine and thereby generate electricity can be a bonus.

S. D. Probert; K. Kerr; J. Brown

1987-01-01

239

Intensive (Daily) Behavior Therapy for School Refusal: A Multiple Baseline Case Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following multiple baseline case series examines school refusal behavior in 4 male adolescents. School refusal symptom presentation was ascertained utilizing a functional analysis from the School Refusal Assessment Scale (Kearney, 2002). For the majority of cases, treatment was conducted within a 15-session intensive format over a 3-week…

Tolin, David F.; Whiting, Sara; Maltby, Nicholas; Diefenbach, Gretchen J.; Lothstein, Mary Anne; Hardcastle, Surrey; Catalano, Amy; Gray, Krista

2009-01-01

240

School Refusal Behavior Associated with Separation Anxiety Disorder: A Cognitive-Behavioral Approach to Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School refusal behavior can lead to disruptions in both educational attainment and social development. One of the common causes of school refusal behavior is separation anxiety disorder (SAD). Research suggests that children with SAD and school refusal behavior show an increased rate of psychiatric consultation and a decreased likelihood of…

Doobay, Alissa F.

2008-01-01

241

Heat recovery at a municipal refuse incineration plant in Kyoto, Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years in Japan, plants for municipal refuse incineration are being established that utilize the heat generated by refuse combustion in an effective way and on a large scale. An important factor which has contributed to this is the development of an automatic combustion control system at the refuse incineration plant, which makes it possible to stabilize the steam

Omura

1985-01-01

242

The social construction of school refusal: An exploratory study of school personnel's perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite a multi-disciplinary, international literature, little research has drawn attention to the phenomenon of school refusal within the school. Most research on school refusal follows a positivist paradigm, focusing on the student, instead of examining the role of schools. Using a qualitative design and a social constructionist framework, this study explored how school personnel perceive school refusal, focusing on the

Anna Marie Torrens Salemi

2006-01-01

243

Culturally Specific Youth Substance Abuse Resistance Skills: Applicability across the U.S.-Mexico Border  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on the prevalence and frequency of use of a set of drug-resistance strategies among a sample of Mexican adolescents. The keepin' it REAL (refuse, explain, avoid, and leave) strategies are part of a model drug-prevention intervention program originally developed by and for youth in the United States. The present study tests the…

Marsiglia, Flavio F.; Kulis, Stephen; Rodriguez, Gregorio Martinez; Becerra, David; Castillo, Jason

2009-01-01

244

Effects of Prechilling and Sequential Washing on Enumeration of Microorganisms from Refuse  

PubMed Central

Techniques were evaluated for formation of a liquid inoculum from shredded municipal refuse, including chilling the refuse at 4°C prior to blending and multiple washing and blending cycles. The average count of cellulolytic bacteria from six different detachment treatments was 5.1 × 104 cells per g (dry weight) of refuse with a range of 0.7 × 104 to 12.7 × 104 cells per g (dry weight). The liquid obtained from blending the refuse in phosphate buffer followed by hand squeezing was the selected detachment procedure. The inoculum formation procedure was validated by the addition of ruminal cellulolytic bacteria to refuse and recovery of the cellulolytic bacteria by most-probable-number enumerations. The ratio of measured to expected cell counts among tests in which different volumes of ruminal fluid were added to refuse ranged from 2.7 to 14.4. There was no evidence of anaerobic cellulolytic fungi in a refuse sample. PMID:16347834

Barlaz, M. A.; Schaefer, D. M.; Ham, R. K.

1989-01-01

245

COAL AND THE ENVIRONMENT ABSTRACT SERIES. BIBLIOGRAPHY ON DISPOSAL OF REFUSE FROM COAL MINES AND COAL CLEANING PLANTS  

EPA Science Inventory

The subjects covered in this bibliography include the analysis and characterization of coal refuse; various methods of handling, storing, and disposing of coal refuse; the environmental problems such as refuse drainage quality and combustion of refuse piles; the control of enviro...

246

Short term outcome in babies refused perinatal intensive care  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To compare the mortality in babies refused admission to a regional perinatal centre with that in babies accepted for intensive care in the centre. DESIGN--Retrospective study with group comparison. SETTING--Based at the Royal Maternity Hospital, Belfast, with follow up of patients in all obstetric units in Northern Ireland. PATIENTS--Requests for transfer of 675 babies to the regional perinatal centre (prenatally

H. Sidhu; R. N. Heasley; C. C. Patterson; H. L. Halliday; W. Thompson

1989-01-01

247

Prep plants adopt paste thickener for refuse disposal  

SciTech Connect

Coal is the latest industry to apply paste thickener technology - it can improve the economics of coal refuse (tailings) handling. Pinn Oak's Pinnacle coal preparation plant was one of the first, using paste thickener to reclaim fine coal values from existing retention ponds and to process them to extract previously wasted coal values. Another paste thickener is to be used at Arch Coal's Lone Mountain plant in Virginia. 4 refs., 2 figs.

Cook, B.; Johnson, J.; Slottee, S. [Paste Thick Associates (United States)

2007-05-15

248

Do competence skills moderate the impact of social influences to drink and perceived social benefits of drinking on alcohol use among inner-city adolescents?  

PubMed

Only a few studies have found competence skills to be a protective factor against adolescent alcohol use; others did not find a direct effect on alcohol. A possible reason for this is that competence skills may moderate the effects of risk factors for alcohol use and that aspect has not been examined often or in a longitudinal design. This study tested whether several competence skills served either as direct protective factors against alcohol use or moderators of the impact of social risk factors on alcohol use. Participants (N = 1318) completed questionnaires that included measures of decision-making skills, refusal skill techniques, resisting media influences, friends' drinking and perceived social benefits of drinking, as well as current drinking amount and future drinking at baseline, one-year follow-up and two-year follow-up. Data analyses were conducted using multi-level mixed effects generalized linear models with random intercept. All the competence skills and the risk factors predicted current and future drinking. Several significant interactions were found between (1) perceived social benefits of drinking and decision-making skills, (2) perceived social benefits of drinking and refusal skill techniques and (3) friends' drinking and refusal skill techniques. Competence skills served as protective factors, as well as moderators. One possible reason that competence enhancement approaches to alcohol prevention are effective may be due to the inclusion of the competence skills component. PMID:17106653

Epstein, Jennifer A; Zhou, Xi Kathy; Bang, Heejung; Botvin, Gilbert J

2007-03-01

249

Enhanced cover methods for surface coal refuse reclamation  

SciTech Connect

Controlling acid rock drainage (ARD) can be a major component of surface mining reclamation. An enhanced reclamation cover system is being constructed to control infiltration of rain water and generation of ARD from coal-refuse disposal areas at a closed mine in southern Illinois. Development of the mine reclamation plan required consideration of ARD generation in coal refuse disposal areas located adjacent to an alluvial aquifer used for public water supply. An integrated site characterization was performed at the mine to provide information to develop and support the enhanced reclamation plan. The enhanced cover system is similar to covers required for municipal solid waste landfills by the Resource Conversation and Recovery Act (RCRA), Subtitle D regulations. The system comprises a graded and compacted gob layer, overlain by a compacted clay liner, and a protective soil cover. The results of infiltration modeling and analyses showed that the standard reclamation cover is effective in reducing infiltration by about 18 percent compared to an unreclaimed coal-refuse surface. The modeling results showed that the inhanced cover system should reduce infiltration by about 84 percent. The geochemical modeling results showed that the reduction in infiltration would help minimize ARD generation and contribute to an earlier reclamation of the mine site.

Gentile, L.F.; Cargill, K.W. [GeoSyntec Consultants, Atlanta, GA (United States); McGarvie, S.D. [Peabody Coal Company, Graham, KY (United States)

1997-12-31

250

Skills Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The services of the Living Skills Center for the Visually Handicapped, a habilitative service for blind young adults, are described. It is explained that the Center houses its participants in their own apartments in a large complex and has served over 70 young people in 4 years. The evaluation section describes such assessment instruments as an…

Canter, Patricia; And Others

251

Study Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study strategies used to assist mildly handicapped students become more actively engaged and successful in gaining and responding to information in content area classes are described. They include using advance organizers, summarizing/paraphrasing what is read, enhancing listening skills, and improving the organization, appearance, and accuracy of…

Gleason, Mary M.; And Others

1988-01-01

252

Leadership Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While this may not be a "complete list" of what leadership skills one needs to effectively lead in any/every situation, it should provide a great overview of many of the things s/he needs to do, at least initially.

Parish, Thomas S.

2006-01-01

253

Employability Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module from the Florida Advanced Technological Education (FL-ATE) Center will help students understand and develop their own set of personal employability skills, such as communication and teamwork. The activity aims to help students understand the importance of communication and teamwork in a business setting. The lesson should require one class period to complete.

254

Courage as a skill.  

PubMed

A division vice president blows the whistle on corruption at the highest levels of his company. A young manager refuses to work on her boss's pet project because she fears it will discredit the organization. A CEO urges his board, despite push back from powerful, hostile members, to invest in environmentally sustainable technology. What is behind such high-risk, often courageous acts? Courage in business, the author has found, seldom resembles the heroic impulsiveness that sometimes surfaces in life-or-death situations. Rather, it is a special kind of calculated risk taking, learned and refined over time. Taking an intelligent gamble requires an understanding of what she calls the "courage calculation": six discrete decision-making processes that make success more likely while averting rash or unproductive behavior. These include setting attainable goals, tipping the power balance in your favor, weighing risks against benefits, and developing contingency plans. Goals may be organizational or personal. Tania Modic had both types in mind when, as a young bank manager, she overstepped her role by traveling to NewYork--on vacation time and on her own money--to revitalize some accounts that her senior colleagues had allowed to languish. Her high-risk maneuver benefited the bank and gained her a promotion. Lieutenant General Claudia J. Kennedy weighed the risks and benefits before deciding to report a fellow officer who had plagiarized a research paper at a professional army school. In her difficult courage calculation, loyalty to army standards proved stronger than the potential discomfort and embarrassment of "snitching" on a fellow officer. When the skills behind courageous decision making align with a personal, organizational, or societal philosophy, managers are empowered to make bold moves that lead to success for their companies and their careers. PMID:17286075

Reardon, Kathleen K

2007-01-01

255

Evaluating municipal policy: an analysis of a refuse packaging program1  

PubMed Central

The effect of a municipal enforcement program to improve residents' packaging of refuse was analyzed in a multiple-baseline design across two areas of a city. The enforcement program involved instruction concerning refuse-packaging regulations, collection only of appropriately packaged refuse, and feedback notices to residents concerning the reasons for noncollection of their inadequately packaged refuse. Both the number of violations and the percentage of residences violating each day were markedly reduced during the enforcement program. Furthermore, sanitation workers considered that the packaging of refuse and the safety and efficiency of refuse collection had improved. This study served as a pilot evaluation of a policy change in the city sanitation department, and was functional in determining the direction of that policy. PMID:16795562

Stokes, Trevor F.; Fawcett, Stephen B.

1977-01-01

256

Empathy and Drug Use Behaviors among African-American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study proposed that empathy may indirectly play a protective role for adolescents in drug use behaviors and that this relationship will be mediated by self-regulatory strategies found in drug refusal efficacy. We predict that empathy will be linked to prosocial behavior and aggression, though we do not believe that they will mediate…

Nguyen, Anh B.; Clark, Trenette T.; Belgrave, Faye Z.

2011-01-01

257

Drug Abuse on College Campuses: Emerging Issues. Issues in Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "Issues in Prevention" focuses on emerging issues concerning drug abuse on college campuses. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Drug Abuse Trends; (2) Q&A With Jim Lange; (3) Bath Salts; (4) Refuse to Abuse; (5) Related Federal Resource; and (6) Higher Education Center Resources.

Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention, 2012

2012-01-01

258

Skills for Adolescence. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lions Quest "Skills for Adolescence" is a schoolwide program designed for middle school students (grades 6-8). The program was designed to promote good citizenship skills, core character values, and social-emotional skills and discourage the use of drugs, alcohol, and violence. The program includes a classroom curriculum, schoolwide practices to…

What Works Clearinghouse, 2006

2006-01-01

259

Life Skills Training: Empirical Findings and Future Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use are important problems that typically begin during adolescence. Fortunately, substantial progress has been made in developing effective drug abuse prevention programs for youth over the past two decades. The Life Skills Training (LST) program is an effective primary prevention program for adolescent drug abuse that addresses the risk and protective factors associated with drug

Gilbert J. Botvin; Kenneth W. Griffin

2004-01-01

260

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Machining Skills Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document of skill standards for the machining skills cluster serves as a guide to workforce preparation program providers in defining content for their programs and to employers to establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. These 67 occupational skill standards describe what people should know and be able to do in an…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

261

Standardizing and Evaluating the "Presenter" Variable in the Peer vs. Adult Debate in Youth Drug Prevention Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A "train-the-trainer" workshop was developed to evaluate and enhance presentational skills and offered to 14 youth in grades 6-12 and 9 administrators from youth-focused community agencies in Indiana. Upon workshop completion, 7 youth and 6 adults functioned as presenters of a 1 1/2-hour module on refusal and resistance skills to 95 youth enrolled…

Hobson, Charles J.; McCarthy, Heather; Murff, Sherice; Thomas, Adrienne; Rosetti, Desila; Murillo, Natalie G.

2009-01-01

262

Refuse derived fuels: New technologies for successful operations  

SciTech Connect

The rising cost of refuse disposal, coupled with the decreasing availability of land suitable for the siting of new landfills have greatly accelerated the use of refuse-derived fuel (RDF) processing systems as a viable technology of the disposal of our municipal solid waste. The energy products produces by an RDF processing facility-electricity and/or steam, as well as the recovery of other valuable materials from the waste stream, coupled with the inherent flexibility of the RDF technology to be used in varying forms, over a wide range of combustion technologies, makes it an extremely desirable waste-to-energy system. Use of an RDF prepared fuel product can also provide a potentially beneficial reduction of air emissions, and trace metals in the ash when compared to the burning of unprocessed solid waste. This paper discusses the problems which have been encountered in the past with RDF systems; the current status of these facilities including institutional considerations and system economics; and the future potential of RDF processing systems. 6 refs., 5 figs.

Ohlsson, O.O.

1988-01-01

263

Refusal bias in the estimation of HIV prevalence.  

PubMed

In 2007, UNAIDS corrected estimates of global HIV prevalence downward from 40 million to 33 million based on a methodological shift from sentinel surveillance to population-based surveys. Since then, population-based surveys are considered the gold standard for estimating HIV prevalence. However, prevalence rates based on representative surveys may be biased because of nonresponse. This article investigates one potential source of nonresponse bias: refusal to participate in the HIV test. We use the identity of randomly assigned interviewers to identify the participation effect and estimate HIV prevalence rates corrected for unobservable characteristics with a Heckman selection model. The analysis is based on a survey of 1,992 individuals in urban Namibia, which included an HIV test. We find that the bias resulting from refusal is not significant for the overall sample. However, a detailed analysis using kernel density estimates shows that the bias is substantial for the younger and the poorer population. Nonparticipants in these subsamples are estimated to be three times more likely to be HIV-positive than participants. The difference is particularly pronounced for women. Prevalence rates that ignore this selection effect may be seriously biased for specific target groups, leading to misallocation of resources for prevention and treatment. PMID:24788481

Janssens, Wendy; van der Gaag, Jacques; Rinke de Wit, Tobias F; Tanovi?, Zlata

2014-06-01

264

CHARACTERIZATION OF STACK EMISSIONS FROM MUNICIPAL REFUSE-TO-ENERGY SYSTEMS  

EPA Science Inventory

Stack emissions from three municipal refuse-to-energy systems were characterized: refuse-derived fuel (RDF), mass burning (MASS) and modular (MOD). A comprehensive set of measurements was performed at each site to determine the physical and chemical properties of the particulate ...

265

Making Sense of Iconic Symbols: A Study of Preschool Children Conducting a Refuse-Sorting Task  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is part of a larger project focusing upon explanatory illustrations that children encounter in pre- and primary school education. The research questions concerned (a) how preschool children make sense of iconic symbols when placing items of refuse on illustrations of refuse bins in a sorting task and (b) what stumbling blocks they…

Ljung-Djärf, Agneta; Åberg-Bengtsson, Lisbeth; Ottosson, Torgny; Beach, Dennis

2015-01-01

266

37 CFR 1.295 - Review of decision finally refusing to publish a statutory invention registration.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Review of decision finally refusing to publish a statutory invention...Proceedings § 1.295 Review of decision finally refusing to publish a statutory invention...requester who is dissatisfied with a decision finally rejecting claims pursuant to 35...

2010-07-01

267

A Case-Control Study of Emotion Regulation and School Refusal in Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study aimed to investigate emotion regulation (ER) strategy use in a sample of 21 clinic-referred children and adolescents (10-14 years old) presenting with school refusal, all of whom were diagnosed with at least one anxiety disorder. Being the first known study to examine ER and school refusal, hypotheses were guided by previous…

Hughes, Elizabeth K.; Gullone, Eleonora; Dudley, Amanda; Tonge, Bruce

2010-01-01

268

A combined power cycle using refuse incineration and LNG cold energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of this paper are to develop a combined power generation cycle using refuse incineration and LNG cold energy, and to conduct parametric analysis to investigate the effects of key parameters on the thermal and exergy efficiencies. The combined cycle consists of an ammonia–water Rankine cycle with refuse incinerator and a LNG cold energy cycle. The combined cycle is

T Miyazaki; Y. T Kang; A Akisawa; T Kashiwagi

2000-01-01

269

Disposal of municipal refuse and RDF in Japan by a two-bed pyrolysis system  

SciTech Connect

This system efficiently and effectively produces high-quality, high-heating-value fuel gas from municipal refuse and RDF. In 1978, the commercial demonstration plant was constructed in Yokohama and since 1979 it has operated with municipal solid waste, RDF, and industrial refuse. The technology is now ready for commercialization.

Ishii, N.; Ishi, Y.; Ito, K. Hirayama, Y.

1985-01-01

270

Obstetric Patients Who Select and Those Who Refuse Medical Students' Participation in Their Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 222 obstetrics patients assisted by medical clerkship students from the University of Vermont and 78 who refused student participation found privacy the primary motivation for refusal and a desire to contribute to students' education a primary reason for accepting student participation. Patients frequently erroneously anticipated the…

Magrane, Diane; And Others

1994-01-01

271

Concentrations of metals in grasses in the vicinity of a municipal refuse incinerator  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is currently much public opposition to the construction of municipal refuse incinerators in the United States owing to health concerns about emitted toxicants. In this study, 19 elements and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were determined in grasses sampled upwind and downwind from a municipal refuse incinerator which had no emission control devices. Concentrations of Cd, Mo, Hg, Zn, Fe, and

Carl A. Bache; Walter H. Gutenmann; Michael Rutzke; Gordon Chu; Don C. Elfving; Donald J. Lisk

1991-01-01

272

Investigation of the use of coal refuse-fly ash compositions as highway base course material  

Microsoft Academic Search

The utilization of coal refuse-fly ash compositions as highway base course material is surveyed. The results of a laboratory testing program into the physical and engineering properties of mixtures of these waste products are presented. A comparison of serviceability index and physical damage parameters based on the VESYS Predictive Design Procedure between crushed stone and coal refuse-fly ash compositions are

P. V. McQuade; W. J. Head; R. B. Anderson

1981-01-01

273

DENSIFICATION OF REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS: PREPARATION, PROPERTIES AND SYSTEMS FOR SMALL COMMUNITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

Densified refuse-derived fuel (d-RDF) is produced by compacting refuse-derived fuel (RDF) into agglomerated pieces sufficiently cohesive to sustain storage and handling. The use of this d-RDF product as a substitute for coal in spreader-stoker boilers is a developing resource rec...

274

Assessing Capacity in Psychiatric Patients With Acute Medical Illness Who Refuse Care  

PubMed Central

Three cases are presented that demonstrate the difficulty of assessing medical decision-making capacity in patients with psychiatric illness who are refusing care. Health professionals often assess capacity differently in practice. Provided their patients have some understanding of their illness and have some plans for meeting basic needs, psychiatrists are often inclined to give patients the freedom to refuse care even if they do not exhibit a full understanding of the medical facts of their case and why they are refusing it. Adult medicine physicians, in contrast, are inclined to require patients to state a more complete understanding of the benefits and burdens of evaluation and treatment before allowing them to refuse care when their refusals might result in adverse medical outcomes. The 3 cases exemplify the tension between these approaches and highlight the role of hospital ethics consultation in addressing this conflict.

Spike, Jeffrey P.

2014-01-01

275

46 CFR 502.210 - Refusal to comply with orders to answer or produce documents; sanctions; enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Refusal to comply with orders to answer or produce documents; sanctions; enforcement...Refusal to comply with orders to answer or produce documents; sanctions; enforcement...party to answer designated questions or to produce any document or other thing for...

2010-10-01

276

29 CFR 500.51 - Refusal to issue or to renew, or suspension or revocation of certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Refusal to issue or to renew, or suspension or revocation of certificate. 500...revoke or refuse to issue or to renew a Certificate of Registration (including...concerning verification of the person's identity and employment...

2012-07-01

277

29 CFR 500.51 - Refusal to issue or to renew, or suspension or revocation of certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Refusal to issue or to renew, or suspension or revocation of certificate. 500...revoke or refuse to issue or to renew a Certificate of Registration (including...concerning verification of the person's identity and employment...

2013-07-01

278

29 CFR 500.51 - Refusal to issue or to renew, or suspension or revocation of certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Refusal to issue or to renew, or suspension or revocation of certificate. 500...revoke or refuse to issue or to renew a Certificate of Registration (including...concerning verification of the person's identity and employment...

2014-07-01

279

46 CFR 545.1 - Interpretation of Shipping Act of 1984-Refusal to negotiate with shippers' associations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Interpretation of Shipping Act of 1984-Refusal to negotiate with shippers...1 Interpretation of Shipping Act of 1984—Refusal to negotiate with shippers... (a) 8(c) of the Shipping Act of 1984 (“the Act”) (46...

2014-10-01

280

46 CFR 545.1 - Interpretation of Shipping Act of 1984-Refusal to negotiate with shippers' associations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Interpretation of Shipping Act of 1984-Refusal to negotiate with shippers...1 Interpretation of Shipping Act of 1984—Refusal to negotiate with shippers... (a) 8(c) of the Shipping Act of 1984 (“the Act”) (46...

2011-10-01

281

46 CFR 545.1 - Interpretation of Shipping Act of 1984-Refusal to negotiate with shippers' associations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Interpretation of Shipping Act of 1984-Refusal to negotiate with shippers...1 Interpretation of Shipping Act of 1984—Refusal to negotiate with shippers... (a) 8(c) of the Shipping Act of 1984 (“the Act”) (46...

2010-10-01

282

46 CFR 545.1 - Interpretation of Shipping Act of 1984-Refusal to negotiate with shippers' associations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Interpretation of Shipping Act of 1984-Refusal to negotiate with shippers...1 Interpretation of Shipping Act of 1984—Refusal to negotiate with shippers... (a) 8(c) of the Shipping Act of 1984 (“the Act”) (46...

2013-10-01

283

46 CFR 545.1 - Interpretation of Shipping Act of 1984-Refusal to negotiate with shippers' associations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Interpretation of Shipping Act of 1984-Refusal to negotiate with shippers...1 Interpretation of Shipping Act of 1984—Refusal to negotiate with shippers... (a) 8(c) of the Shipping Act of 1984 (“the Act”) (46...

2012-10-01

284

Test-Taking Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are two types of skills needed to perform well on a standardized achievement test: (1) the cognitive ability or basic skill that the test is designed to measure, and (2) the ability to demonstrate that cognitive ability or basic skill within the test situation. Test-taking skills (sometimes referred to as test wiseness) are the skills needed…

Sabers, Darrell

285

drug discovery drug discovery  

E-print Network

drug discovery at Purdue #12;drug discovery 2 #12;drug discovery 3 Introduction The drug discovery and innovative drug candidates to treat chronic and acute illnesses. Our researchers also continue to be invested in various approaches to drug discovery, which include understanding of drug targets for future drug

286

Removal of phosphorus and nitrogen from domestic wastewater using a mineralized refuse-based bioreactor.  

PubMed

Municipal solid waste used for landfill becomes stabilized, or aged, some years after placement, and can be safely excavated; the term 'mineralized refuse' is used in this study. The adsorptions of phosphorus, and the nitrification of the mineralized refuse and clay, were investigated by batch incubation. The variation of phosphorus adsorption in the mineralized refuse was fitted to the Freundlich adsorption isotherm equation, giving a maximum phosphorus adsorption capacity of 2310 mg kg(-1). Based on the Langmuir isotherm equation, maximum phosphorus adsorption capacity was calculated to be 1976 mg kg(-1), almost twice that of the clay. The equations for both the mineralized refuse and clay were fitted to zero-order kinetics (R2 > 0.98, P < 0.01, n = 11), giving concentrations of phosphorus as phosphates less than 250 mg L(-1). The K value for the mineralized refuse was about 3.5 times higher than for the clay. The production of nitrogen as nitrates in both the mineralized refuse and the clay after 120 h incubation yielded a first-order reaction kinetics value of 100 mg kg(-1) NH4(+)-N from the initial concentration. The calculated net nitrification as nitrates for the mineralized refuse was 6.3 times higher than for the clay. Domestic wastewater was then treated in a mineralized refuse-based bioreactor for 30 days. The removal rates of COD(cr), total nitrogen and total phosphorus were 73.77 +/- 8.10%, 61.01 +/- 6.75%, and 69.14 +/- 9.25%, respectively. Large accumulations of nitrates occurred in the mineralized refuse-based bioreactor. For the full-scale design, a high column of mineralized refuse is recommended for the denitrification. PMID:22519101

Zhang, H H; Tian, J S; Zhang, Y M; Wu, Z L; Kong, X J; Chao, J Y; Hu, Y; Li, D L

2012-01-01

287

Validation of the Drinking Refusal Self?Efficacy Questionnaire—Revised in an Adolescent Sample (DRSEQ?RA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent drinking is a significant issue yet valid psychometric tools designed for this group are scarce. The Drinking Refusal Self?Efficacy Questionnaire—Revised Adolescent Version (DRSEQ?RA) is designed to assess an individual's belief in their ability to resist drinking alcohol. The original DRSEQ?R consists of three factors reflecting social pressure refusal self?efficacy, opportunistic refusal self?efficacy and emotional relief refusal self?efficacy. A large

Ross Mc D. Young; Penelope A. Hasking; Tian P. S. Oei; William Loveday

2007-01-01

288

21 CFR 314.125 - Refusal to approve an application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...conditions prescribed, recommended, or suggested in its proposed labeling. (3) The results of the tests show that the drug...conditions prescribed, recommended, or suggested in its proposed labeling or the results do not show that the drug...

2010-04-01

289

Why did Swiss citizens refuse to ban tobacco advertising?  

PubMed

A ban on tobacco advertising is one of the major tools to promote tobacco control. Swiss citizens recently refused to modify the Swiss Constitution to ban tobacco advertising. This case study shows how a strong alliance among the tobacco industry, the state, the media, and sports and cultural activities planners made it difficult for people to make an informed decision. The promoters of the ban were unable to provide counter-arguments to the mostly fallacious claims made by the opponents regarding the likely health and economic impact of this ban. A comparison to successful campaigns in Canada and New Zealand provides insight regarding factors missing in the Swiss campaign which might have been useful in obtaining support from Swiss citizens. PMID:8910998

Cornuz, J; Burnand, B; Kawachi, I; Gutzwiller, F; Paccaud, F

1996-01-01

290

Combustion of refuse derived fuel in a fluidized bed  

SciTech Connect

Power generation from Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) is an attractive utilization technology of municipal solid waste. To explain the behavior of RDF-fired fluidized bed incinerator, the commercial size RDF was continuously burnt in a 30 x 30 cm bubbling type fluidized-bed combustor. It was found that 12 kg/h of RDF feed rate was too high feed for this test unit and the Co level was higher than 500 ppm. However, 10 kg/h of RDF was a proper feed rate and the Co level was kept under 150 ppm. Secondary air injection and changing air ratio from the pipe grid were effective for the complete combustion of RDE. It was also found that HCl concentration in flue gas was controlled by the calcium component contained in RDF and its level was decreased with decreasing the combustor temperature.

Piao, Guilin; Aono, Shigeru; Mori, Shigekatsu; Deguchi, Seiichi; Fujima, Yukihisa [Nagoya Univ. (Japan)] [Nagoya Univ. (Japan); Kondoh, Motohiro; Yamaguchi, Masataka [Toyota Motor Corp. (Japan). Plant Engineering Dept.] [Toyota Motor Corp. (Japan). Plant Engineering Dept.

1998-12-31

291

[Patients refusal to be treated, the problem of Jehovah's witnesses].  

PubMed

The principle of respecting the patient's wishes is an international medical principle, found in several texts. In France, it was recalled in the 1994 Civil Code concerning bioethical laws and has recently been included in the Public health Code (law concerning patient's rights dated March 4, 2002). According to these various texts, the patient's wishes must always be respected, even in life threatening cases, so long as the patient has been informed of the risk. The refusal by Jehovah's witnesses to receive blood transfusion is always a problem. When, in full consciousness, a patient refuses a blood transfusion that his life depends on, what should the physician do? In June 1998, the Paris Court of Appeal ruled on this case. The judges found that "the obligation of the physician to always respect the wishes of the patient.is limited by the other obligation of the physician (the basis of a physician's activity) which is to protect the health and life of that same patient". In October 2001, the State Council ruling on this particular case found that, given the critical conditions of this case and the absence of a therapeutic alternative, the physicians had not committed an error. But it was also clearly underlined that a physician must respect the wishes of the patient and that this obligation must not be superseded by the duty of saving a life, thus disputing the judges of the Court of Appeal. Two questions. Two emergency interim rulings confirmed the position of the judges: the non-respect of the patient's wishes is an infringement of individual freedom. It is only in extreme and clearly defined circumstances that the physician will not be punished for this offence. This raises two questions: can a physician treat a patient against his/her wishes? And what risks does the physician take when respecting the patient's wishes when his/her life is at stake? PMID:15029007

Rougé-Maillart, C; Gaches, T; Jousset, N; Penneau, M

2004-02-28

292

Preparation and properties of densified refuse-derived fuel  

SciTech Connect

Refuse-derived fuel (RDF) generally refers to the product of the mechanical (or chemical plus mechanical) processing of municipal solid waste (MSW) to produce a specification output. Densified refuse-derived fuel (d-RDF) is the product of the mechanical compaction of some form of RDF to agglomerated pieces which are sufficiently cohesive to sustain storage and handling. The term densified is used in the generic sense to include all forms of compaction, such as extrusion or rolling to produce briquettes, pellets, cubettes, etc. Generally, d-RDF is a fuel for stoker boilers analogous to lump coal. The concept of RDF and d-RDF can be extended to other waste-derived or biomass fuels. The pilot-scale preparation of d-RDF has been described. This paper is to update and expand the information and to describe the objectives and operation of some of the unit processes used and the properties of the d-RDF. It should be an objective of processing to maximize the quality of the fuel, even at the expense of quantity, so as to maintain the fuel specification. Thus, a mass of waste, m, is converted to a mass of fuel, m', so that m > m', but the heats of combustion are ..delta..H/sub m/ < ..delta..H/sub m'/, which is the objective of processing. The yield is limited by the composition of m and the limits of the law of conservation of mass-energy; also, allowance must be made for the energy input for processing. The concept of processing to maximize yield is opposite to the traditional objective of waste management of maximizing disposal.

Alter, H.; Campbell, J.A.

1980-01-01

293

21 CFR 316.14 - Refusal to provide written recommendations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...determine that the disease or condition is rare in the United States; or (iii) The...the drug may be useful for treating the rare disease or condition with that drug; or...already been conducted on the drug for the rare disease or condition; or (v)...

2010-04-01

294

Biotechnology Skills Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Here users will find an assortment of Bioscience/Agricultural Biotechnology Skills Standards. These should be useful for development of new programs as well as for comparisons with existing programs. The sections discussed are: Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing Skill Standards, Combined Bioscience/Agricultural Biotechnology Skill Standards, Agricultural Biotechnology Skill Standards, Bioscience Industry Skill Standards, National Association of Scientific Materials Managers, ACAP Austin Competency Analysis Profile - Biotechnology, Making Skill Standards Work, and Window on the Workplace.

295

Job rotation as a factor in reducing physical workload at a refuse collecting department.  

PubMed

The effect of job rotation on the physical workload was investigated for male employees working at a refuse collecting department. Before the introduction of job rotation, an employee worked as a street sweeper, as a refuse collector or as a driver. After the introduction of job rotation, every employee was allowed to alternate between two of the three possible jobs during the day, i.e. refuse collecting/street sweeping, refuse collecting/driving or street sweeping/driving. Two non-rotation groups (i.e. refuse collectors and street sweepers) and two rotation groups (i.e. refuse collectors/street sweepers and street sweepers/drivers) were mutually compared. The physical workload was determined by measuring the perceived load, energetic load and postural load during a full working day. Job rotation resulted in a significant decrease of the perceived load and energetic load and a slight decrease of the postural load. The results indicate that the total amount of work performed by means of job rotation resulted in an overall reduced physical workload of the employees of the refuse collecting department. PMID:10503051

Kuijer, P P; Visser, B; Kemper, H C

1999-09-01

296

The Mediating and Moderating Effects of Parent and Peer Influences upon Drug Use among African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study recruited 567 African American youth (mean age = 15.27 years; 65.1% girls) to examine the role of parent and peer contexts on drug use among African American adolescents. Data were collected on demographics, drug refusal efficacy, drug use, and various psychosocial factors including family and peer factors. When controlling for age and…

Clark, Trenette T.; Belgrave, Faye Z.; Abell, Melissa

2012-01-01

297

Coal refuse site inventories. [reclamation survey using color-IR photography  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Small-scale color-infrared aerial photography at 1:120,000 scale is used to carry out an operational survey of coal refuse sites. Site analyses and reclamation cost estimates are completed in less than 90 days by using remote sensing techniques. Analysis of photographs provided dependable and accurate data for the location and environmental assessment of nearly 200 coal refuse banks and slurry ponds. The inventory constitutes a comprehensive reference for establishing priorities for coal refuse site reclamation and for complementing future field surveys.

Wobber, F. J.; Wier, C. E.; Leshendok, T.; Beeman, W.

1975-01-01

298

Identification and mapping of coal refuse banks and other targets in the anthracite region  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

ERTS-1 MSS data covering parts of Pennsylvania's southern and eastern middle anthracite coal fields were studied to determine how well accumulations of coal refuse could be identified and mapped by computer analysis and processing. Spectral signatures of coal refuse targets were similar to water, but had higher reflectances in all channels. Relative reflectances were in the order 4 5 or = 6 7. Although no underflight photography was at hand to judge mapping success, correlation was made, with 1:24,000 scale U.S.G.S. maps dated 1947 and 1948. Coal refuse targets correlated well with existing maps.

Borden, F. Y.; Thompson, D. N.; Lachowski, H. M.

1973-01-01

299

Acquisition of cognitive skill  

Microsoft Academic Search

A framework for skill acquisition is proposed that includes two major stages in the development of a cognitive skill: a declarative stage in which facts about the skill domain are interpreted and a procedural stage in which the domain knowl- edge is directly embodied in procedures for performing the skill. This general framework has been instantiated in the ACT system

John R. Anderson

1982-01-01

300

Parental refusal to immunize a 2-month-old infant.  

PubMed

At a 2-month health supervision visit, Monica's pediatrician was surprised by her mother's wish to withhold immunizations. At prior encounters with her parents, including a prenatal visit, the meeting after Monica's birth, and the 2-week health supervision visit, there was no indication that standard immunizations would be refused. Monica's parents informed her pediatrician that the potential side effects from the immunization led them to think that their healthy child should not be immunized. After talking with other parents in the neighborhood, watching a television program on "children who were brain damaged after getting their shots," and looking at several web sites for parents on the Internet, they concluded that it was safer to withhold the immunizations. "Monica is so healthy.....why give her shots that may make her very sick?" Monica was the first child born to these college-educated parents who had been married for 5 years. The pregnancy was full term and notable for two transient episodes of spotting in the first trimester. Both parents looked forward to Monica's birth. There were no perinatal problems, breast feeding was successful with an appropriate weight gain, and the physical examination was normal. The pediatrician explained to the parents that she understood their concerns. "Most of the things we give children for prevention or treatment of disease may be associated with possible side effects. In the case of immunizations, the chance of a serious side effect is much less than the risk that Monica might acquire one of the diseases we can prevent with an immunization. I have seen a few unimmunized infants who were hospitalized with a very serious case of whooping cough, one of the diseases we can prevent by immunizing Monica." The parents thanked the pediatrician for the information and agreed to read several pamphlets about immunizations. The pediatrician observed that her interchange with the parents was cordial but stressful, for both herself and Monica's parents. As the parents left the office, she wondered if there was a more effective way to talk about immunizations with parents who refuse to immunize their children. PMID:11132795

Stein, M T; Pickering, B; Tanner, J L; Mazzella, C B

2000-12-01

301

37 CFR 202.5 - Reconsideration Procedure for Refusals to Register.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...work day. (4) If the Review Board decides to register an applicant's...be registered. If the Review Board upholds the refusal to register...any other applicant. (f) Composition of the Review Board. The Review Board shall...

2010-07-01

302

Acid generation and vegetation response of reclaimed coal refuse in Utah: An interim report  

SciTech Connect

A series of test plots were implemented on coal refuse at the J.B. King Mine in south central Utah to determine the effects of soil depth on changes in coal refuse, surface, and subsoil pH and electrical conductivity; correlate the revegetation effectiveness with different soil depths; and compare fertilizer application rates with revegetation success. This preliminary evaluation of the effects of soil depth over coal refuse and fertilizer application rates on vegetation establishment and acid generation within the refuse material indicate that vegetation response is positively correlated with increased soil cover; the addition of fertilizer is beneficial; and sulfide-sulfur compounds will oxidize to form acidic conditions in arid environments.

Kunzler, L.M. [Utah Division of Oil, Gas, and Mining, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Leatherwood, J.S. [Utah State Univ., Logan, UT (United States)

1990-12-31

303

29 CFR 1977.22 - Employee refusal to comply with safety rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) DISCRIMINATION AGAINST EMPLOYEES EXERCISING RIGHTS UNDER THE WILLIAMS-STEIGER OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT OF 1970 Some Specific Subjects § 1977.22 Employee refusal to comply...

2011-07-01

304

29 CFR 1977.22 - Employee refusal to comply with safety rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) DISCRIMINATION AGAINST EMPLOYEES EXERCISING RIGHTS UNDER THE WILLIAMS-STEIGER OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT OF 1970 Some Specific Subjects § 1977.22 Employee refusal to comply...

2012-07-01

305

29 CFR 1977.22 - Employee refusal to comply with safety rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) DISCRIMINATION AGAINST EMPLOYEES EXERCISING RIGHTS UNDER THE WILLIAMS-STEIGER OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT OF 1970 Some Specific Subjects § 1977.22 Employee refusal to comply...

2014-07-01

306

29 CFR 1977.22 - Employee refusal to comply with safety rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) DISCRIMINATION AGAINST EMPLOYEES EXERCISING RIGHTS UNDER THE WILLIAMS-STEIGER OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT OF 1970 Some Specific Subjects § 1977.22 Employee refusal to comply...

2010-07-01

307

29 CFR 1977.22 - Employee refusal to comply with safety rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) DISCRIMINATION AGAINST EMPLOYEES EXERCISING RIGHTS UNDER THE WILLIAMS-STEIGER OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT OF 1970 Some Specific Subjects § 1977.22 Employee refusal to comply...

2013-07-01

308

7 CFR 4280.148 - Refusal to execute Loan Note Guarantee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS AND GRANTS Rural Energy for America Program General Renewable Energy System and Energy Efficiency Improvement Guaranteed Loans § 4280.148 Refusal to...

2014-01-01

309

Refusal-to-promote claim allowed to proceed toward trial.  

PubMed

[Name removed] Federal judge has allowed a lawsuit brought by [name removed] A. [Name removed], a senior auditor at the New York State Insurance Fund, to proceed forward. The suit alleged that [name removed] had been denied promotions due to his HIV status. Despite being qualified, [name removed] had been passed over for promotion 13 times over the past several years. The suit also alleges that refusal to promote was retaliation for [name removed]'s having filed complaints that he was the target of HIV-related discrimination. U.S. District Chief Judge Thomas McAvoy indicated that [name removed] made a prima facie case of discrimination under the American with Disabilities Act, but did not show that [name removed] was injured under Title VII of the Federal Civil Rights Act. The causal relationship between [name removed]'s filing of complaints and being passed over for promotion was easily made. [Name removed]'s challenge in the continued litigation is whether the employer had valid, nondiscriminatory reasons for not granting promotions. PMID:11367142

1999-05-28

310

Microwave plasma assisted pyrolysis of refuse derived fuels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work combined plasma reactivity and pyrolysis for conversion of solid wastes. Decomposition of refuse derived fuel (RDF) and its combustible components (paper, biomass, and plastic) in an 800 W microwave plasma reactor was investigated at varying argon flow rates of 0.50 to 1.25 lpm for 3 minutes. The characteristic bright light emission of plasma was observed with calculated maximum power density of about 35 W/cm3. The RDF and its components were successfully converted into char and combustible gas. The average char yield was found to be 12-21% of the original mass, with a gross calorific value of around 39 MJ/kg. The yield of the product gas was in the range 1.0-1.7 m3/kg. The combustible gas generated from the pyrolysis of the RDF contained about 14% H2, 66% CO, and 4% CH4 of the detected gas mass, with a heating value of 11 MJ/m3. These products are potentially marketable forms of clean energy.

Khongkrapan, Parin; Thanompongchart, Patipat; Tippayawong, Nakorn; Kiatsiriroat, Tanongkiat

2014-03-01

311

Production, quality and quality assurance of Refuse Derived Fuels (RDFs).  

PubMed

This contribution describes characterization, classification, production, application and quality assurance of Refuse Derived Fuels (RDFs) that are increasingly used in a wide range of co-incineration plants. It is shown in this paper, that the fuel-parameter, i.e. net calorific value [MJ/kg(OS)], particle size d(90) or d(95) [mm], impurities [w%], chlorine content [w%], sulfur content [w%], fluorine content [w%], ash content [w%], moisture [w%] and heavy metals content [mg/kg(DM)], can be preferentially used for the classification of different types of RDF applied for co-incineration and substitution of fossil-fuel in different industial sectors. Describing the external production of RDF by processing and confectioning of wastes as well as internal processing of waste at the incineration plant, a case study is reported on the application of RDF made out of different household waste fractions in a 120,000t/yr Waste to Energy (WtE) circulating fluidized bed (CFB) incinerator. For that purpose, delivered wastes, as well as incinerator feedstock material (i.e. after internal waste processing) are extensively investigated. Starting with elaboration of sampling plan in accordance with the relevant guidelines and standards, waste from different suppliers was sampled. Moreover, manual sorting analyses and chemical analyses were carried out. Finally, results of investigations are presented and discussed in the paper. PMID:23746983

Sarc, R; Lorber, K E

2013-09-01

312

Highly elevated emission of mercury vapor due to the spontaneous combustion of refuse in a landfill  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Refuse disposal (e.g., landfilling and incineration) have been recognized as a significant anthropogenic source of mercury (Hg) emission globally. However, in-situ measurements of Hg emission from landfill or refuse dumping sites where fugitive spontaneous combustion occurs have not been reported. Gaseous elemental mercury (Hg0) concentration and emission flux were observed near spontaneous combustions of refuse at a landfill site in southwestern China. Ambient Hg0 concentrations above the refuse surface ranged from 42.7 ± 20.0 to 396.4 ± 114.2 ng m-3, up to 10 times enhancement due to the spontaneous burning. Using a box model with Hg0 data obtained from 2004 to 2013, we estimated that the Hg0 emission from refuse was amplified by 8-40 times due to spontaneous combustion. A micrometeorological flux measurement system based on relaxed eddy accumulation was configured downwind of the combustion sites to quantify the Hg0 emission. Extremely large turbulent deposition fluxes (up to -128.6 ?g m-2 h-1, 20 min average) were detected during periods of high Hg0 concentration events over the measurement footprint. The effect of temperature, moisture and light on the air-surface exchange of Hg0 exchange was found to be masked by the overwhelming deposition of Hg0 from the enriched air from the refuse combustion plumes. This research reveals that mercury emission from the landfill refuse can be boosted by fugitive spontaneous combustion of refuse. The emission represents an anthropogenic source that has been overlooked in Hg inventory estimates.

Zhu, Wei; Sommar, Jonas; Li, Zhonggen; Feng, Xinbin; Lin, Che-Jen; Li, Guanghui

2013-11-01

313

The impact of municipal refuse utilization on energy and our environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The incinerator/boiler configuration is stressed as the most reliable method of waste utilization. It is also pointed out that the high cost of refuse disposal and the ever increasing cost of energy, have made this method attractive. A plan is outlined for operating a waste utilization plant. Community participation is encouraged in investigating the feasibility of refuse to energy facilities in their area.

1978-01-01

314

The role of parental self-efficacy in adolescent school-refusal.  

PubMed

Parental characteristics such as psychopathology and parenting practices are understood to be implicated in school-refusal presentations. Expanding upon these largely affective and behavioral factors, the present study sought to examine the role of a parenting cognitive construct-parenting self-efficacy-in understanding school-refusal. School-refusing adolescents (n = 60, 53% male) and school-attending adolescents (n = 46, 39% male) aged 12-17 years (M = 13.93, SD = 1.33), along with a parent, participated in the study. Participants completed study measures of demographics, psychopathology, overall family functioning, and parenting self-efficacy. As expected, parents of school-refusing adolescents were found to have lower levels of parental self-efficacy than parents of school-attending adolescents. Parenting self-efficacy was inversely associated with parent- and adolescent- psychopathology as well as family dysfunction. Logistic regression analyses determined parenting self-efficacy to be a predictor of school-refusal. However, upon controlling for related constructs including family dysfunction, adolescent depression, and parent depression, the predictive capacity of parenting self-efficacy was eliminated. Taken together, the results highlight the likely complex relationships between parental self-efficacy, familial psychopathology, and dysfunctional family processes within this population. Research is required to further delineate these dynamic relationships among families of school-refusing adolescents. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:25642779

Carless, Belinda; Melvin, Glenn A; Tonge, Bruce J; Newman, Louise K

2015-04-01

315

Attitudes Toward Medication-Assisted Treatment Within a Drug Court Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of individuals who become addicted to prescription drugs due to a misperception that they are safe. However, although the number of opiate users has increased, data indicates about 50% refuse drug court because of its current abstinence-based requirement to not use any mood altering medication, including prescriptions. Hillsborough

Caroline Allison

2011-01-01

316

Survival Skills: A Basic Skills Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide describes an approach designed to promote the basic skills of hearing impaired students Basic or survival skills are identified which cover the student's daily functioning at home, school, and in the community. The guide is aimed at the 10-15 year old hearing impaired student, but techniques are expected to be applicable to both…

Mahoney, Don

317

21 CFR 514.111 - Refusal to approve an application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...The cumulative effect on man or animal of such drug, taking into account...are appropriate for the use of animal experimentation data; and (iv) Whether...edible products derived from animals or a withdrawal period or...

2013-04-01

318

21 CFR 514.111 - Refusal to approve an application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...The cumulative effect on man or animal of such drug, taking into account...are appropriate for the use of animal experimentation data; and (iv) Whether...edible products derived from animals or a withdrawal period or...

2012-04-01

319

21 CFR 514.111 - Refusal to approve an application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...The cumulative effect on man or animal of such drug, taking into account...are appropriate for the use of animal experimentation data; and (iv) Whether...edible products derived from animals or a withdrawal period or...

2010-04-01

320

21 CFR 514.111 - Refusal to approve an application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...The cumulative effect on man or animal of such drug, taking into account...are appropriate for the use of animal experimentation data; and (iv) Whether...edible products derived from animals or a withdrawal period or...

2011-04-01

321

21 CFR 514.111 - Refusal to approve an application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...The cumulative effect on man or animal of such drug, taking into account...are appropriate for the use of animal experimentation data; and (iv) Whether...edible products derived from animals or a withdrawal period or...

2014-04-01

322

76 FR 46820 - Proposal To Refuse To Approve a Supplemental New Drug Application for Bromday (Bromfenac...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...could become contaminated with harmful bacteria if the patient accidentally causes the...topical solutions become contaminated with bacteria during the course of treatment.\\3...product were to become contaminated with bacteria present on or around the surface of...

2011-08-03

323

Drug Offers as a Context for Violence Perpetration and Victimization  

PubMed Central

Objective Drug use has been linked empirically with aggression and violence among youth in national and State of Hawai`i samples. However, the nature of this link and its implications for prevention are unclear. Therefore, this paper explores the intersection of drugs with aggression and violence by using the drug offer context as the unit of analysis. Method Native Hawaiian youth are sampled because substance use rates tend to be higher and onset tends to be earlier than their non-Hawaiian peers. Fourteen sex-specific focus group discussions were held with rural Native Hawaiian middle school students (N=64). Students discussed what they thought they would do in terms of drug refusal strategies in a variety of drug offer contexts. Results While aggression and violence were perceived to be socially inappropriate, students nonetheless felt drug use would be less socially competent. Narrative analyses indicated aggression and violence were perceived to function as potential drug refusal strategies. As proximal drug resistance, aggression and violence perpetration served as an immediate deterrent to the drug offerer, and thus drug use. As distal drug resistance, victimization served as a rationale for avoiding drug using contexts. Conclusions Implications are discussed in terms of prevention policy and practice, specifically in terms of a school-based prevention curriculum. Future research in Hawaiian epistemology and gendered approaches are warranted. PMID:24564559

Helm, Susana; Okamoto, Scott; Kaliades, Alexis; Giroux, Danielle

2014-01-01

324

Global Skill Shortages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book discusses the causes and impact of global skill shortages, focusing on data from skill shortages measured in the period 1995-1998 in 19 developed and emerging economies. Chapter one contains a brief introduction. Chapter two is a review of theoretical literature on skill shortages, including static and dynamic shortages, efficiency wage…

Cohen, Malcolm S.; Zaidi, Mahmood A.

325

The Michigan Essential Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication lists skill expectations in ten curriculum areas for grades 1-9. Although intended to be used by educators in Michigan, the skill list can be used or adapted by educators in other states. The ten curriculum areas are: communication skills (reading, writing, speaking, and listening); health education; mathematics; music; physical…

Michigan State Dept. of Education, Lansing.

326

Entry Skills for BSNs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Continuing Education for Consensus on Entry Skills project, designed to bring the expectations of nursing service and nursing education closer on entry-level competencies of new baccalaureate graduates. Discusses teaching and collaboration skills, planning and evaluation of patient care skills, interpersonal relations/communication…

Stull, Mary K.

1986-01-01

327

Enhancing Employee Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains four symposium papers on enhancing employee skills. "The Effect of Study Skills Training Intervention on United States Air Force Aeromedical Apprentices" (John C. Griffith) demonstrates how study skills intervention resulted in a significant increase in the end-of-course scores of a sample of 90 randomly selected Air Force…

1999

328

Teaching Organizational Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kerr and Zigmond (1986) found that 67 percent of all high school teachers surveyed viewed organizational skills as crucial for student success in school. How can teachers get their students to agree? One way is to teach organizational skills just as they would teach writing or computation skills. Explain and demonstrate what students are to do,…

Bakunas, Boris; Holley, William

2004-01-01

329

School Leadership Skill Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between what is currently understood about skills for school leadership and the need for a greater understanding of those skills. The importance of developing leadership skills to improve school performance and effectiveness is great. In the field of school leadership, most leaders…

Weigel, Richard A.

2013-01-01

330

Characteristics, survival, and related factors of newly diagnosed colorectal cancer patients refusing cancer treatments under a universal health insurance program  

PubMed Central

Background Colorectal cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide. Few studies have addressed the causes and risks of treatment refusal in a universal health insurance setting. Methods We examined the characteristics and survival associated with treatment refusal in patients with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer in Taiwan during 2004–2008. Treatment refusal was defined as not undergoing any cancer treatment within 4 months of confirmed cancer diagnosis. Patient data were extracted from four national databases. Factors associated with treatment refusal were identified through logistic regression using the generalized estimating equation method, and survival analysis was performed using the Cox proportional hazards model. Results Of the 41,340 new colorectal cancer cases diagnosed, 3,612 patients (8.74%) refused treatment. Treatment refusal rate was higher in patients with less urbanized areas of residence, lower incomes, preexisting catastrophic illnesses, cancer stages of 0 and IV, and diagnoses at regional and district hospitals. Logistic regression analysis revealed that patients aged >75 years were the most likely to refuse treatment (OR, 1.87); patients with catastrophic illnesses (OR, 1.66) and stage IV cancer (OR, 1.43) had significantly higher refusal rates. The treatment refusers had 2.66 times the risk of death of those who received treatment. Factors associated with an increased risk of death in refusers included age ?75 years, insured monthly salary ?22,801 NTD, low-income household or aboriginal status, and advanced cancer stage (especially stage IV; HR, 11.33). Conclusion Our results show a lower 5-year survival for colorectal patients who refused treatment than for those who underwent treatment within 4 months. An age of 75 years or older, low-income household status, advanced stages of cancer, especially stage IV, were associated with higher risks of death for those who refused treatment. PMID:24938667

2014-01-01

331

Vaccine refusal, mandatory immunization, and the risks of vaccine-preventable diseases.  

PubMed

Vaccines are among the most effective prevention tools available to clinicians. However, the success of an immunization program depends on high rates of acceptance and coverage. There is evidence of an increase in vaccine refusal in the United States and of geographic clustering of refusals that results in outbreaks. Children with exemptions from school immunization requirements (a measure of vaccine refusal) are at increased risk for measles and pertussis and can infect others who are too young to be vaccinated, cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons, or were vaccinated but did not have a sufficient immunologic response. Clinicians can play a crucial role in parental decision making. Health care providers are cited as the most frequent source of immunization information by parents, including parents of unvaccinated children. Although some clinicians have discontinued or have considered discontinuing their provider relationship with patients who refuse vaccines, the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Bioethics advises against this and recommends that clinicians address vaccine refusal by respectfully listening to parental concerns and discussing the risks of nonvaccination. PMID:19420367

Omer, Saad B; Salmon, Daniel A; Orenstein, Walter A; deHart, M Patricia; Halsey, Neal

2009-05-01

332

Effects from different types of construction refuse in the soil on electrodialytic remediation.  

PubMed

At abandoned industrial sites some of the previous buildings are often left behind. If the soil at such site is polluted with heavy metals and is to be remediated by an electrochemical method, the construction refuse within the soil matrix will influence the remediation action. The influence of different sorts of construction refuse on electrodialytic soil remediation was investigated in laboratory cells. An insulator, a stone, resulted in an uneven Cu removal in the close vicinity of the stone itself. An electric conductive screw disturbed the Cu removal due to the redox reactions occurring at the surface of the screw causing pH changes in the soil. Two types of refuse with ionic conducting properties were placed within the test cell, a piece of brick and concrete. The brick did not influence the Cu removal from the soil to a high extent, but it was seen that during the remediation the Cu concentration in the brick itself increased. In the case of concrete the Cu mobilized from the soil was simply found to adsorb very strongly to the concrete and thus the Cu could not be removed from the soil and the concrete as a whole. Furthermore, the removal of Cu in the soil next to the concrete was quite poor. It is very important to be aware of the presence of construction refuse at such sites when planning an electrochemical remediation action. All the refuse types investigated here influenced the Cu removal negatively compared to the reference experiment. PMID:11900914

Ottosen, Lisbeth M; Eriksson, Thomas; Hansen, Henrik K; Ribeiro, Alexandra B

2002-04-26

333

Cadmium and lead accumulation by goldfish exposed to aqueous refuse incinerator fly ash leachate  

SciTech Connect

The increased use of incineration with modern emission control devices for reducing the mass of municipal solid waste is resulting in ever greater quantities of ash to be disposed. Heavy metals present in the original refuse are concentrated in the ash and landfill disposal of it has prompted public concern of possible contamination of groundwater through leaching. Several investigators have reported the presence of heavy metals such as lead and cadmium in aqueous leachates of refuse incinerator ashes in laboratory studies. It was of interest to determine the effect of such leachates on fish. In the work reporter here, goldfish were exposed to aqueous leachates of municipal refuse incinerator ash. Visual observations of fish behavior, heavy metal analysis and histologic examination of tissues were then carried out.

Bache, C.A.; Lisk, D.J. (Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (USA))

1989-12-01

334

Profile of the Patient Who Refuses to Participate in the Expert Patients Program.  

PubMed

The Expert Patients Program (EPP), an educational intervention for chronic diseases aimed at nonprofessionals, has high nonparticipation and dropout rates. We used quantitative and qualitative methods to identify the prevalence of and reasons for nonparticipation in 100 patients with acute myocardial infarction and 69 with stroke. We confirmed a high prevalence of refusal, identifying three groups based on degree of participation: patients who refused to attend (51%), patients who attended and then dropped out (10%), and patients who attended (39%). Patients who refused to participate or dropped out were mainly women and former/current smokers with a better-than-average physical condition. In addition, they were invited to participate in the EPP long after their cardiovascular event. We found that the degree of participation depended upon the patient's individual and social context and the professional profile of the recruiter. Therefore, tailored strategic interventions should be designed for each type of participation. PMID:24828067

Vega, Gema; Vega, Maria; Alajarín, Llanos I; Portero, Begoña; Ruíz, Teresa; Ruiz, Victoria; Marín, Conception; Lázaro, Conception; Gómez, Mercedes; Conde, Fernando

2014-05-14

335

A systematic review of interventions for reducing parental vaccine refusal and vaccine hesitancy.  

PubMed

Unvaccinated individuals pose a public health threat to communities. Research has identified many factors associated with parental vaccine refusal and hesitancy toward childhood and adolescent immunizations. However, data on the effectiveness of interventions to address parental refusal are limited. We conducted a systematic review of four online databases to identify interventional studies. We used criteria recommended by the WHO's Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on immunization (SAGE) for the quality assessment of studies. Intervention categories and outcomes were evaluated for each body of evidence and confidence in overall estimates of effect was determined. There is limited evidence to guide implementation of effective strategies to deal with the emerging threat of parental vaccine refusal. There is a need for appropriately designed, executed and evaluated intervention studies to address this gap in knowledge. PMID:23859839

Sadaf, Alina; Richards, Jennifer L; Glanz, Jason; Salmon, Daniel A; Omer, Saad B

2013-09-13

336

Confusing criminal and civil law: when may a hospital refuse to release a dead body?  

PubMed

A United Kingdom bereavement advice group has expressed concern that hospitals in Britain may be acting "illegally" in refusing to release dead bodies to relatives unless they provide evidence that funeral arrangements have been made. In some cases, hospitals may have refused to release a body to anyone other than an undertaker. The charity argues that this behaviour constitutes the common law offence of preventing the lawful burial of a body. This article considers the confusion that may occur between this offence and interference with the right to possession of a body for lawful burial. The conclusion is that it is extremely unlikely a hospital or its employees would fall foul of the criminal law in refusing to release a dead body and may be liable in the civil courts if they release a body to someone who does not have the duty and consequent right to possession of the body for lawful burial. PMID:25715539

Gallagher, Steven B

2014-12-01

337

A comparison of food refusal related to characteristics of food in children with autism spectrum disorder and typically developing children.  

PubMed

Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently report child food refusal based on characteristics of food. Our study sought to determine whether parent report of food refusal based on the characteristics of food was greater in children with ASD than in typically developing children, associated with a greater percentage of foods refused of those offered, and associated with fruit and vegetable intake. A modified food frequency questionnaire was used to determine overall food refusal as well as fruit and vegetable intake. Parent-reported food refusal related to characteristics of food (eg, texture/consistency, temperature, brand, color, shape, taste/smell, foods mixed together, or foods touching other foods) was compared between 53 children with ASD and 58 typically developing children aged 3 to 11 years in the Children's Activity and Meal Patterns Study (2007-2008). Children with ASD were significantly more likely to refuse foods based on texture/consistency (77.4% vs 36.2%), taste/smell (49.1% vs 5.2%), mixtures (45.3% vs 25.9%), brand (15.1% vs 1.7%), and shape (11.3% vs 1.7%). No differences between groups were found for food refusal based on temperature, foods touching other foods, or color. Irrespective of ASD status, the percentage of foods refused of those offered was associated with parent reports of food refusal based on all characteristics examined, except temperature. Food refusal based on color was inversely associated with vegetable consumption in both groups. Routine screening for food refusal among children with ASD is warranted to prevent dietary inadequacies that may be associated with selective eating habits. Future research is needed to develop effective and practical feeding approaches for children with ASD. PMID:24928779

Hubbard, Kristie L; Anderson, Sarah E; Curtin, Carol; Must, Aviva; Bandini, Linda G

2014-12-01

338

A novel silica alumina-based backfill material composed of coal refuse and fly ash.  

PubMed

In this paper, a systematic study was conducted to investigate a novel silica alumina-based backfill material composed of coal refuse and fly ash. The coal refuse and fly ash had different properties under various thermal activation temperatures (20 °C, 150 °C, 350 °C, 550 °C, 750 °C and 950 °C). It is known that a thermal activation temperature ranging from 20 °C to 950 °C significantly increases the flowability and pozzolanic properties of the coal refuse; however, the flowability of fly ash decreases when the activation temperature is higher than 550 °C because of a severe agglomeration phenomenon on its surface. An optimal design for this backfill material was determined to include an activated portion composed of 5% coal refuse at 750 °C and 15% fly ash at 20 °C. This combination yields the best performance with excellent flowability, a high compressive strength and a low bleeding rate. The microanalysis results corresponded well with the performance tests at different activation conditions. In the coal refuse, kaolinite peaks began to decrease because of their transformation into metakaolin at 550 °C. Chlorite peaks disappeared at 750 °C. Muscovite peaks decreased at 750 °C and disappeared at 950 °C. During this process, muscovite 2M(1) gradually dehydroxylated to muscovite HT. Furthermore, this paper examined the environmental acceptance and economic feasibility of this technology and found that this silica alumina-based backfill material composed of coal refuse and fly ash not only meets EPA requirements but also has several advantages in industry feasibility when compared with hydraulic backfill, rock backfill and paste backfill. PMID:22336582

Yao, Yuan; Sun, Henghu

2012-04-30

339

Refuse incinerator particulate emissions and combustion residues for New York City during the 20th century.  

PubMed

Refuse incineration data for New York City (NYC) have been compiled as a function of time during the 20th century to assess the historical significance of this pollutant source in a densely populated area. Thirty-two municipal and 17,000 apartment house refuse incinerators were identified. Approximately 1.1 x 10(8) t of refuse (wet weight) were combusted in NYC incinerators between 1908 and 1993, producing 3.4 x 10(7) t(dryweight) of combustion residue disposed in local landfills. Refuse incinerators were operated for most of this period without air pollution control and emitted 1.0 x 10(6) t of particles (a total of 120 mg for each cm2 of land in NYC). Incinerator particle emission (PE) rates per unit area of land were highest in Manhattan (equivalent total deposition of 530 mg cm(-2)). Incinerator PE exceeded 1.2 x 10(4) t yr(-1) between 1930 and 1975, with maximum emission rates (>2.2 x 10(4) t yr(-1)) in the late 1930s and 1960s. These and other factors support the conclusion that refuse incineration without air pollution control was an important source of airborne, respirable pollutants in NYC for many decades during the 20th century. Rates of particle emissions from Manhattan incinerators estimated here correlate stronglywith Pb accumulation rates as a function of depth (time) in Central Park Lake sediments, consistent with refuse incineration emitting large amounts of atmospheric lead in NYC for many decades afterthe 1920s. PMID:11432546

Walsh, D C; Chillrud, S N; Simpson, H J; Bopp, R F

2001-06-15

340

The impacts of coal refuse/fly ash bulk bends on water quality and plant growth  

SciTech Connect

There is considerable interest in the beneficial reuse of coal fly ash as a soil amendment on coal refuse piles. One method of application would be to blend the coal refuse and the fly ash before deposition in a refuse pile. A field experiment was initiated to measure the effects of bulk blending fly ash with coal refuse on water quality and plant growth parameters. Fly ash (class F) from three sources were used in the experiment. Two of the fly ashes were acidic and the third was alkaline. Trenches were excavated in a coal refuse pile to a depth of 2 m and the refuse was blended with fly ash and then returned to the trench. In other plots the ash was applied as a surface amendment. A treatment of a bulk blend of 5% (w/w) rock phosphate was also included in the experiment. Large volume lysimeters were installed in some trenches to collect the leachates. The fly ash treatments appear to improve the quality of the leachates when compared to the leachates from the untreated plots. The fly ash amended treatments have lower leachate concentrations of Fe and Al. Initially the fly ash treatments showed high levels of leachate B, however those levels have decreased with time. Millet (Setaria italica) yields from the first year of the experiment were highest n the alkaline fly ash and rock phosphate blended plots. In the second growing season, the two bulk blends with alkaline fly ash had the highest yields. In the third growing season all treatments had higher yield levels than the untreated control plots. The positive effects of the fly ash on leachate quality were attributed to the alkalinity of the ash, and the increase in yield was attributed to the increases in water holding capacity due to fly ash treatments.

Stewar, B.R.; Daniels, W.L. [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States)

1995-09-01

341

The Use of Patient Instructors to Teach Interviewing Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program using patient instructors programmed with a history of hypertension, chronic pulmonary disease, or congestive heart failure to teach and evaluate pharmacy students' interviewing skills is described. Content areas included drug therapy, adverse reactions, drug interactions, etc. (Author/MSE)

Gardner, Marie E.; And Others

1983-01-01

342

Densification of refuse-derived fuels: preparation, properties and systems for small communities. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Densified refuse-derived fuel (d-RDF) is produced by compacting refuse-derived fuel (RDF) into agglomerated pieces sufficiently cohesive to sustain storage and handling. The use of this d-RDF product as a substitute for coal in spreader-stoker boilers is a developing resource recovery alternative. This report covers an investigation of the operation, performance and product characteristics of a waste shredding and densification subsystem for production of d-RDF from air-classified light fraction and provides a technical and economic evaluation of d-RDF facilities for small communities.

Campbell, J.; Renard, M.L.

1981-09-01

343

Why skill matters.  

PubMed

Maximizing rewards per unit time is ideal for success and survival in humans and animals. This goal can be approached by speeding up behavior aiming at rewards and this is done most efficiently by acquiring skills. Importantly, reward-directed skills consist of two components: finding a good object (i.e., object skill) and acting on the object (i.e., action skill), which occur sequentially. Recent studies suggest that object skill is based on high-capacity memory for object-value associations. When a learned object is encountered the corresponding memory is quickly expressed as a value-based gaze bias, leading to the automatic acquisition or avoidance of the object. Object skill thus plays a crucial role in increasing rewards per unit time. PMID:23911579

Hikosaka, Okihide; Yamamoto, Shinya; Yasuda, Masaharu; Kim, Hyoung F

2013-09-01

344

Drug Resistance Strategies and Substance Use among Adolescents in Monterrey, Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined drug resistance strategies and substance use among adolescents from Monterrey, Mexico. The focus was strategies\\u000a that U.S. adolescents use most often to resist using substances, including refuse (saying no), explain (declining with an\\u000a explanation), avoid (staying away from situations where drugs are offered), and leave (exiting situations where drugs are\\u000a offered). Using self-administered questionnaire data from a

Stephen Kulis; Flavio Francisco Marsiglia; Jason Castillo; David Becerra; Tanya Nieri

2008-01-01

345

Mapping Refuse Profile in Singapore Old Dumping Ground through Electrical Resistivity, S-Wave Velocity and Geotechnical Monitoring.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to track the refuse profile in Lorong Halus Dumping Ground, the largest landfill in Singapore, by electrical resistivity and surface wave velocity after 25 years of closure. Data were analyzed using an orthogonal set of plots by spreading 24 lines in two perpendicular geophone-orientation directions. Both geophysical techniques determined that refuse boundary depth was 13 ± 2 m. The refuse boundary revealed a certain degree of variance, mainly ascribed to the different principle of measurements, as well as the high heterogeneity of the subsurface. Discrepancy was higher in spots with greater heterogeneity. 3D analysis was further conducted detecting refuse pockets, leachate mounding and gas channels. Geotechnical monitoring (borehole) confirmed geophysical outcomes tracing different layers such as soil capping, decomposed refuse materials and inorganic wastes. Combining the geophysical methods with borehole monitoring, a comprehensive layout of the dumping site was presented showing the hot spots of interests. PMID:25427774

Yin, Ke; Tong, Huan Huan; Noh, Omar; Wang, Jing-Yuan; Giannis, Apostolos

2015-03-01

346

COAL AND THE ENVIRONMENT ABSTRACT SERIES: BIBLIOGRAPHY ON DISPOSAL OF MINE AND CLEANING PLANT REFUSE  

EPA Science Inventory

This volume is the fifth to appear in the 'Coal and the Environment Abstract Series' and is an updated edition of the 'Bibliography on Disposal of Mine and Clean Plant Refuse'. Other volumes in the series are 'Reclamation of Coal Mined Land' and 'Mine Drainage Bibliography'. In a...

347

37 CFR 1.47 - Filing when an inventor refuses to sign or cannot be reached.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... (a) If a joint inventor refuses to join in an application for patent or...The nonsigning inventor may subsequently join in the application by filing an oath or...inventors. An inventor may subsequently join in the application by filing an oath...

2010-07-01

348

The Clinical Treatment of School Refusal Behavior: A Survey of Referral and Practice Characteristics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed 63 professional psychologists specializing in youth and family practice about recently referred and treated cases of school refusal behavior. Obtained data on clinical prevalence; demographic characteristics; length of absenteeism; severity; etiology; and length, type, and success of treatments used. Results revealed that children…

Kearney, Christopher A.; Beasley, Julie F.

1994-01-01

349

Metal contamination and infiltration into the soil at refuse dump sites in Awka, Nigeria.  

PubMed

Awka has been the site of increased human activities since it became a state capital in 1991. Because refuse dumps have hitherto been a disregarded environmental menace in Nigeria, the authors sought to find out how much of the current environmental metal pollutant load comes from refuse dumps. They investigated the metal contamination of the refuse dumps in Awka. The authors collected four soil samples (from the surface and from depths of 0.45 m, 0.90 m, and 1.35 m) from 5 dumpsites digested with nitric acid and perchloric acid, and they analyzed iron, sodium, arsenic, lead, magnesium, potassium, cobalt, zinc, nickel, copper, chromium, and cadmium by using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Sites A and C showed the highest levels of arsenic (2300 mg/kg) and lead (2467 mg/kg), respectively. Site D had highest level of both iron (72,200 mg/kg) and sodium (3561 mg/kg), whereas Site E had the lowest level of lead (572 mg/kg). The metal levels exceed the limits set forth by the US Environmental Protection Agency. This study suggests that the refuse dumps in Awka may increase the level of environmental heavy metals in Nigeria. PMID:17891887

Nduka, John Kanayochukwu Chiemezugo; Orisakwe, Orish Ebere; Ezenweke, Linus Obi; Abiakam, Chioma Alex; Nwanguma, Constance Kelechi; Maduabuchi, Ugwuona John-Moses

2006-01-01

350

System of handling refuse derived fuel utilizing same to fire power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes an apparatus for supplying refuse derived fuel, that has been shredded to a predetermined nominal size to a furnace fuel supply chute that is open to the furnace fire chamber, in a continuous and uninterrupted flow, for heating the furnace boiler. The apparatus consists of: a large primary surge capacity bin. The bin includes an upper intake

Dumbaugh

1988-01-01

351

Psychological Factors behind Truancy, School Phobia, and School Refusal: A Literature Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Truancy is a problem that normally leads to treatment interventions within different organizations. Within these organizations different perspectives on the causes and consequences of the above problem can be found. The purpose of this literature study is to map out and describe the current state of research within the fields of school refusal,…

Ek, Hans; Eriksson, Rikard

2013-01-01

352

Why Kids Refuse to Go to School . . . and What Schools Can Do about It  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School attendance is an ongoing concern for administrators, particularly in middle-level and high school. Frequent absences affect student learning, test scores, and social development. Administrators who understand the causes of school refusal behavior and are aware of effective intervention strategies can help provide supportive school…

Wimmer, Mary

2008-01-01

353

Analyzing Social Network Structures in the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma with Choice and Refusal  

E-print Network

societies. How do groups form? What bonds them? What role to do key individuals play in the society? Social graph theory give a framework for the study of social interactions. Social networks have been an areaAnalyzing Social Network Structures in the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma with Choice and Refusal Mark

Tesfatsion, Leigh

354

ASSESSMENT OF ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS IN EMISSIONS FROM REFUSE-DERIVED FUEL COMBUSTION  

EPA Science Inventory

Organic contaminants in emissions from refuse-derived fuel combustion were investigated in a 20-inch-diameter atmospheric fluidized-bed combustor. Combinations of coal/EcoFuel/MSW/toluene were burned inthe combustor with temperatures ranging from 1250 to 1550 degrees F. A Source ...

355

Anthracite refuse pollution and socio-economic planning in northeastern Pennsylvania  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to develop a rational plan for refuse bank removal, one should consider the areal or spatial differences found within the anthracite region. These areal differences include such factors as socio-economic health, land values, air pollution potentials, aesthetic pollution or visual blight, and the differing shapes of anthracite banks that can be measured by area-volume ratios. Because the anthracite

R. P. Larkin; G. L. Peters; T. S. Spicer

1972-01-01

356

The Stability of Family Decisions to Consent or Refuse Organ Donation: Would You Do It Again?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Past organ donation research has studied attitudes toward donation, predictors of signing donor cards, and distinguishing characteristics of donors vs. nondonors. The current study is the first to examine predictors of family members's satisfaction with the decision to consent or refuse donation of a dying loved one's organs or tissue. Method: This study surveyed 225 family members who had

THOMAS E. BURROUGHS; BARRY A. HONG; DEAN F. KAPPEL; BARRY K. FREEDMAN

357

Correlates of Inconsistent Refusal of Unprotected Sex among Armenian Female Sex Workers  

PubMed Central

This cross-sectional study assessed the prevalence and correlates of inconsistent refusal of unprotected sex among female sex workers (FSWs) in Armenia. One hundred and eighteen street-based FSWs between the ages of 20 and 52 completed a questionnaire assessing FSWs' demographic, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics. A total of 52.5% (n = 62) of FSWs reported inconsistent refusal of unprotected sex with clients in the past 3 months. Logistic regression analysis controlling for participants' age and education revealed that perceiving more barriers toward condom use (AOR = 1.1; P < 0.01), reporting more types of abuse (AOR = 2.1; P < 0.01), and setting lower fees for service (AOR = 0.9; P = 0.02) significantly predicted inconsistent refusal of unprotected sex. HIV-risk-reduction behavioral interventions tailored to FSWs working in Yerevan Armenia should address the factors identified in this study toward the goal of enhancing refusal of unprotected sex and ultimately preventing acquisition of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV. PMID:25349727

Markosyan, Karine; Lang, Delia L.; DiClemente, Ralph J.

2014-01-01

358

Predictors of Tobacco and Alcohol Refusal Efficacy for Urban and Rural African-American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to determine the relative contributions of individual, family, peer, and community risk and promotive factors in explaining alcohol and tobacco refusal attitudes among 227 African-American adolescents (ages 12 to 17) from urban and rural areas. Hierarchical linear regression (HLR) results revealed differences in the predictive…

Nasim, Aashir; Belgrave, Faye Z.; Corona, Rosalie; Townsend, Tiffany G.

2009-01-01

359

`Because of the risks': how US pregnant women account for refusing prenatal screening  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most research on prenatal fetal testing in general, and maternal alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) screening in particular, has focused on women who accept and even actively seek prenatal diagnosis. Much of this work suggests that agreeing to prenatal diagnosis is inextricably linked to the processes associated with the `medicalization' of reproduction and that most women do not see refusal as an option.

Susan Markens; C. H. Browner

1999-01-01

360

DEMONSTRATION TEST OF REFUSE-DERIVED FUEL AS A SUPPLEMENTAL FUEL IN CEMENT KILNS  

EPA Science Inventory

Fluff refuse-derived fuel (RDF) from Baltimore County, Maryland, residential solid waste was successfully tested as a supplementary fuel with pulverized coal in a large rotary cement kiln. RDF was produced at the Baltimore County Resource Recovery Facility, a joint project of Bal...

361

59 FR- Barr Laboratories, Inc.; Withdrawal of Proposal To Refuse To Approve Certain Abbreviated...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Hydrochloride Tablets, 50 mg; ANDA 72-916, Sulindac Tablets, 200 mg; ANDA 72-964, Sulindac Tablets, 150 mg; ANDA 74-049, Atenolol Tablets, 50 mg and 100 mg. In the notice, FDA also proposed to refuse to approve the following supplemental ANDA's...

1994-12-30

362

THE CODISPOSAL OF SEWAGE SLUDGE AND REFUSE IN THE PUROX SYSTEM  

EPA Science Inventory

This program was conducted to establish the technical feasibility of codisposal of filtered sludge cake from primary and secondary wastewater treatment with municipal refuse in the PUROX System; to determine the environmental effect of this process; and to estimate the economics ...

363

APPLYING FABRIC FILTRATION TO REFUSE-FIRED BOILERS: A PILOT-SCALE INVESTIGATION  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of a pilot-scale investigation to determine the techno-economic feasibility of applying fabric filter dust collectors to solid refuse fired boilers. The pilot facility, installed on a slipstream of a 135,000 lb/hr boiler, was sized to handle 9000 acfm at ...

364

Adults who refuse blood transfusion in emergency, urgent and elective circumstances.  

PubMed

Surgeons dealing with an adult refusing a blood transfusion find themselves in an unenviable position, torn between wishing to preserve the patient's life while also respecting his or her wishes. This article looks at the legal framework for such circumstances as set out in the Mental Capacity Act 2005. PMID:25350175

Wheeler, R

2014-11-01

365

Invitation and Refusal: A Reading of the Beginnings of Schooling in Aotearoa New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a selective consideration of the scene of the establishment of the first school in New Zealand in 1816. By foregrounding the possible views of the indigenous (Maori) people about schooling, the authors show that the promise of schooling was impossible to fulfil. Our argument is that the first teacher(s)' refusal to learn from the…

Jones, Alison; Jenkins, Kuni

2008-01-01

366

Missed Opportunities: Refusal to Confirm Reactive Rapid HIV Tests in the Emergency Department  

PubMed Central

Background HIV infection remains a major US public health concern. While HIV-infected individuals now benefit from earlier diagnosis and improved treatment options, progress is tempered by large numbers of newly diagnosed patients who are lost to follow-up prior to disease confirmation and linkage to care. Methodology In the randomized, controlled USHER trial, we offered rapid HIV tests to patients presenting to a Boston, MA emergency department. Separate written informed consent was required for confirmatory testing. In a secondary analysis, we compared participants with reactive results who did and did not complete confirmatory testing to identify factors associated with refusal to complete the confirmation protocol. Principal Findings Thirteen of 62 (21.0%, 95% CI (11.7%, 33.2%)) participants with reactive rapid HIV tests refused confirmation; women, younger participants, African Americans, and those with fewer HIV risks, with lower income, and without primary care doctors were more likely to refuse. We projected that up to four true HIV cases were lost at the confirmation stage. Conclusions These findings underscore the need to better understand the factors associated with refusal to confirm reactive HIV testing and to identify interventions that will facilitate confirmatory testing and linkage to care among these populations. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00502944; NCT01258582. PMID:23308216

Ganguli, Ishani; Collins, Jamie E.; Reichmann, William M.; Losina, Elena; Katz, Jeffrey N.; Arbelaez, Christian; Donnell-Fink, Laurel A.; Walensky, Rochelle P.

2013-01-01

367

Alternative fuel trucks case studies: Running refuse haulers on compressed natural gas  

SciTech Connect

This document details the experience of New York City`s compressed natural gas refuse haulers. These 35 ton vehicles have engines that displace 10 liters and provide 240 horsepower. Fuel economy, range, cost, maintenance, repair issues, and emissions are discussed. Photographs and figures illustrate the attributes of these alternative fuel vehicles.

Norton, P.; Kelly, K.

1996-07-01

368

Effect of Job Rotation on Work Demands, Workload, and Recovery of Refuse Truck Drivers and Collectors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Job rotation is often advocated to reduce workload, but its efficacy has seldom been investigated. The aim of this study is to compare the work demands, workload, and recovery among truck driving, refuse collecting, and rotating between these two jobs, between days and during the day. Three teams of 3 employees each participated in this study. Work demands were assessed

P. Paul F. M. Kuijer; Wiebe H. K. de Vries; Allard J. van der Beek; Jaap H. van Dieën; Bart Visser; Monique H. W. Frings-Dresen

2004-01-01

369

Analysis of fly ash produced from combustion of refuse-derived fuel and coal mixtures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mixtures of coal and refuse-derived fuel (RDF) were burned and the fly ash was collected and analyzed for concentration trends with respect to RDF\\/coal ratio and particle size. RDF contributes more Ca, Mn, Sb, and Pb to the fly ash while coal contributes greater amounts of As, Br, Hf, Ni, Sc, V, and the rare earths. Smaller particles in the

David R. Taylor; Michael A. Tompkins; Sarah E. Kirton; Thad Mauney; David F. S. Natusch; Philip K. Hopke

1982-01-01

370

Predictors of Tobacco and Alcohol Refusal Efficacy for Urban and Rural African-American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to determine the relative contributions of individual, family, peer, and community risk and promotive factors in explaining alcohol and tobacco refusal attitudes among 227 African-American adolescents (ages 12 to 17) from urban and rural areas. Hierarchical linear regression (HLR) results revealed differences in the predictive value of risk and promotive factors with respect to tobacco and alcohol

Aashir Nasim; Faye Z. Belgrave; Rosalie Corona; Tiffany G. Townsend

2009-01-01

371

Characteristics of H2S emission from aged refuse after excavation exposure.  

PubMed

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S(g)) emission from landfills is a widespread problem, especially when aged refuse is excavated. H2S(g) emission from aged refuse exposed to air was investigated and the results showed that large amounts of H2S(g) can be released, especially in the first few hours after excavation, when H2S(g) concentrations in air near refuse could reach 2.00 mg m(-3). Initial exposure to air did not inhibit the emission of H2S(g), as is generally assumed, but actually promoted it. The amounts of H2S(g) emitted in the first 2 d after excavation can be very dangerous, and the risks associated with the emission of H2S(g) could decrease significantly with time. Unlike a large number of sulfide existed under anaerobic conditions, the sulfide in aged municipal solid waste can be oxidized chemically to elemental sulfur (but not sulfate) under aerobic conditions, and its conversion rate was higher than 80%. Only microorganisms can oxidize the reduced sulfur species to sulfate, and the conversion rate could reach about 50%. Using appropriate techniques to enhance these chemical and biological transformations could allow the potential health risks caused by H2S(g) after refuse excavation to be largely avoided. PMID:25725388

Shen, Dong-Sheng; Du, Yao; Fang, Yuan; Hu, Li-Fang; Fang, Cheng-Ran; Long, Yu-Yang

2015-05-01

372

30 CFR 784.16 - Reclamation plan: Siltation structures, impoundments, and refuse piles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...degree to which the coal mine waste may introduce or...ecosystems. (2) Design requirements for refuse...this chapter. (3) Design requirements for impoundments...intended to impound coal mine waste must be designed to...geotechnical investigation. In planning the investigation,...

2010-07-01

373

30 CFR 780.25 - Reclamation plan: Siltation structures, impoundments, and refuse piles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...degree to which the coal mine waste may introduce or...ecosystems. (2) Design requirements for refuse...this chapter. (3) Design requirements for impoundments...intended to impound coal mine waste must be designed to...geotechnical investigation. In planning the investigation,...

2010-07-01

374

Guidelines for cofiring refuse-derived fuel in electric utility boilers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1970s, nine electric utilities in the United States have cofired refuse-derived fuel (RDF) with coal or oil in electric utility boilers. Of these, only four continue to cofire RDF in 1988, the others having discontinued operations for a variety of reasons, mostly economic. In order to document this experience and provide a basis for planning future RDF cofiring

D. E. Fiscus; K. E. Wolfs; H. D. Ege; A. Kimber; A. W. Joensen; G. M. Savage

1988-01-01

375

Additive, Multi-Component Treatment of Emerging Refusal Topographies in a Pediatric Feeding Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study describes inter-disciplinary treatment of chronic food refusal and tube dependency in a 2-year-old female with a pediatric feeding disorder. Evidence-based behavioral components--including escape extinction (EE), differential reinforcement of alterative mealtime behavior (DRA), and stimulus fading--were introduced sequentially as…

Sharp, William G.; Jaquess, David L.; Bogard, Jennifer D.; Morton, Jane F.

2010-01-01

376

COAL/D-RDF (DENSIFIED REFUSE DERIVED FUEL) CO-FIRING PROJECT, MILWAUKEE COUNTY, WISCONSIN  

EPA Science Inventory

A Research and Development Project was carried out to mix a densified refuse derived fuel with coal at the fuel receiving point and to co-fire the mixture in a spreader-stoker fired boiler. Two basic series of test runs were conducted. For the first series, coal was fired to esta...

377

TIME-SETTLEMENT BEHAVIOR OF PROCESSED REFUSE. PART I: MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR SOLID WASTE SETTLEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

The material investigated in this study is municipal refuse which has been processed in a hammer mill to produce a relatively fine-textured material in which the constituents are uniformly mixed. Such a material offers several advantages from an operational point of view, so that...

378

Emissions Resulting from the Full-Scale Cofiring of Pelletized Refuse-Derived Fuel and Coal  

E-print Network

Full-scale cofiring tests of binder-enhanced pellets of densified, refuse-derived fuel (dRDF) and high-sulfur coal were conducted during June and July of 1987 in Boiler #5 at Argonne National Laboratory. These tests were conducted with industry...

Ohlsson, O. O.; Daugherty, K.; Venables, B.

379

The Right of Psychiatric Patients to Refuse Medication: Where Should Social Workers Stand?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses differences among competence, commitment, and mental illness; the right to privacy; and the prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. Reviews professional motivations in relation to both sides of controversy over rights of psychiatric patients to refuse medication. Presents position for social work profession that stands for…

Bentley, Kia J.

1993-01-01

380

Technology evaluation for densified refuse-derived fuel specifications and acquisition. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report determines existing and feasible specifications for densified Refuse Derived Fuel (d-RDF) to be used on military installations. The d-RDF specifications are compared to specifications for coal and wood. Site visits to two RDF facilities were conducted. Recommendations on improvements to existing d-RDF specifications are made.

Tuck, J.; Savage, G.

1983-12-01

381

Why parents refuse childhood vaccination: a qualitative study using online focus groups  

PubMed Central

Background In high income countries, vaccine-preventable diseases have been greatly reduced through routine vaccination programs. Despite this success, many parents question, and a small proportion even refuse vaccination for their children. As no qualitative studies have explored the factors behind these decisions among Dutch parents, we performed a study using online focus groups. Methods In total, eight online focus groups (n?=?60) which included Dutch parents with at least one child, aged 0–4 years, for whom they refused all or part of the vaccinations within the National Immunization Program (NIP). A thematic analysis was performed to explore factors that influenced the parents’ decisions to refuse vaccination. Results Refusal of vaccination was found to reflect multiple factors including family lifestyle; perceptions about the child’s body and immune system; perceived risks of disease, vaccine efficacy, and side effects; perceived advantages of experiencing the disease; prior negative experience with vaccination; and social environment. The use of online focus groups proved to be an effective qualitative research method providing meaningful data. Conclusion Information provided by the NIP turned out to be insufficient for this group of parents. More trust in the NIP and deliberate decisions might result from increased parental understanding of lifestyle and disease susceptibility, the impact of vaccinations on the immune system, and the relative risks of diseases and their vaccines. The public health institute should also inform parents that the NIP is recommended but non-mandatory. PMID:24341406

2013-01-01

382

ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF OIL AGGLOMERATION FOR RECOVERY OF FINE COAL REFUSE  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of an evaluation of the economics of an oil-agglomeration process (with and without an oil recovery system) for recovering coal fines from a fine refuse stream of 105 ton/hr from a coal preparation plant. The two base case processes studied are oil-agglom...

383

TEST FIRING REFUSE-DERIVED FUEL IN AN INDUSTRIAL COAL-FIRED BOILER  

EPA Science Inventory

The Research Program entitled, 'Test Firing Refuse Derived Fuel in an Industrial Coal-Fired Boiler' evaluates the performance of an industrial boiler when co-firing coal and RDF. An optimum boiler operating load and RDF feed rate was determined for the boiler tested. Boiler effic...

384

GASEOUS HC1 AND CHLORINATED ORGANIC COMPOUND EMISSIONS FROM REFUSE FIRED WASTE-TO-ENERGY SYSTEMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The emissions from a water wall mass fired municipal waste incinerator and a refuse derived fuel (RDF) fired incinerator were sampled for chlorinated organic compounds and hydrochloric acid (HCl). The sampling was performed to evaluate the extractive sampling methods used to meas...

385

A Program for Engaging Treatment-Refusing Substance Abusers into Treatment: CRAFT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT) is a scientifically-supported program for family members who are desperate to get a treatment-refusing substance abuser to enter treatment (Meyers & Wolfe, 2004; Sisson & Azrin, 1986; Smith & Meyers, 2004). CRAFT teaches these family members how to apply behavioral principles at home so that…

Meyers, Robert J.; Smith, Jane Ellen; Lash, Denise N.

2005-01-01

386

Insulin refusal in Iranian patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus.  

PubMed

To achieve tight glycemic control in diabetic patients, it may be necessary to introduce insulin therapy much earlier in the disease course. Poor glycemic control is a risk factor for the development of diabetic complications. Many patients require insulin therapy after several years of disease in order to maintain good glycemic control and prevent complications. But many patients do not receive insulin therapy in a timely manner because of a negative appraisal of this treatment. Understanding the cause of this negative attitudes is necessary for better evaluation to overcome for this problem. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reasons for insulin refusal among patients with type 2 diabetes. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study from Yazd Diabetes Research Center. 400 patients with type 2 diabetes who had an HbA1c ?8.0% despite optimal oral therapy were identified that participated in this study. Data were obtained by patient interview using validated questionnaires. This study showed that Insulin refusal was common. 77% of participant reported being unwilling to take insulin if prescribed. Fear of injection is an important cause for insulin refusal among patients. Insulin refusal is an important problem among our patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Findings of this study suggest that interventions aimed at increasing insulin use should focus on injection-related concerns, education and correction of misconceptions. PMID:24026995

Ghadiri-Anari, Akram; Fazaelipoor, Zahra; Mohammadi, Seyed Mohammad

2013-01-01

387

Parental Perspectives of the Role of School Factors in School Refusal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to explore parents' perspectives on the role of school factors in school refusal (SR). Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 parents who had experienced SR with their own child. They identified several school factors related to SR. Some of these findings suggest that students who are prone to SR need more…

Havik, Trude; Bru, Edvin; Ertesvåg, Sigrun K.

2014-01-01

388

Influence of Refuse Sites on the Prevalence of Campylobacter spp. and Salmonella Serovars in Seagulls?  

PubMed Central

Wild animals are well-known reservoirs of Campylobacter and Salmonella. We investigated the influence of insalubrious diets on the prevalence of both enterobacteria in seagulls. Campylobacter occurrence in gull chicks sampled along the northeastern Iberian coast was directly related to the degree of refuse consumption. High Salmonella values from the sampling sites did not reflect any dietary relationship. PMID:20208027

Ramos, Raül; Cerdà-Cuéllar, Marta; Ramírez, Francisco; Jover, Lluís; Ruiz, Xavier

2010-01-01

389

Methane generation and microbial activity in a domestic refuse landfill site  

Microsoft Academic Search

Carboxylic acid and sulphate concentrations, microbial activity as estimated by extracellular enzyme activities, and biogas production, at Aveley Landfill Site (Essex) were markedly influenced by refuse moisture content, which depended on the level of the water table. Cellulose: lignin ratios were indicative of cellulose disappearance and enzyme activity determinations may be a measure of the potential of landfill sites to

K. L. Jones; J. F. Rees; J. M. Grainger

1983-01-01

390

ST. LOUIS DEMONSTRATION: REFUSE PROCESSING PLANT EQUIPMENT, FACILITIES, AND ENVIRONMENTAL EVALUATIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

This report presents the results of processing plant evaluations of the St. Louis-Union Electric Refuse Fuel Project, including equipment and facilities as well as assessment of environmental emissions at both the processing and power plants. Data on plant material flows and oper...

391

Reasons Given by High School Students for Refusing Sexually Transmitted Disease Screening  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine reasons given by high school students for refusing to participate in a school-based noninvasive chlamydia and gonorrhea screening that was offered at no cost to students, using the health belief model as theoretical framework. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: Public high schools in a southern urban United States…

Sanders, Ladatra S.; Nsuami, Malanda; Cropley, Lorelei D.; Taylor, Stephanie N.

2007-01-01

392

Drink Refusal Training as Part of a Combined Behavioral Intervention: Effectiveness and Mechanisms of Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Many trials have demonstrated the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral interventions for alcohol dependence, yet few studies have examined why particular treatments are effective. This study was designed to evaluate whether drink refusal training was an effective component of a combined behavioral intervention (CBI) and whether change…

Witkiewitz, Katie; Donovan, Dennis M.; Hartzler, Bryan

2012-01-01

393

Employment of a refuse derived fuel (r. d. f. ) in low power thermal plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the new energy sources under experimentation is the municipal solid wastes, from which it is possible to recover a refuse derived fuel (r.d.f.) suitable to be burnt in electric power facilities, cement kilns and other thermal plants. The ''Istituto di Fisica Tecnica'' of ''Politecnico di Milano'' has set up a pilot plant for the testing of a combustion

S. Arosio; L. G. Cassitto; A. B. Crescenti; G. Sotiga

1980-01-01

394

Teaching Basic Caregiver Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's guide provides materials for a nursing skills course designed to teach basic home nursing skills to families who plan to care for a chronically ill or elderly family member at home. It may be taught by a registered nurse with knowledge of all areas or by a team, with each instructor concentrating on his/her area of expertise.…

Schenk, Susan, Ed.; Harrah, Doris, Ed.

395

Testing Skills in Vertebrates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors present a project that gives students examples of basic skills that many vertebrate species develop as they grow and function in their ecosystem. These activities involve information gathering about surroundings, learning how to use objects, and tracking and searching skills. Different vertebrate species may acquire…

Funk, Mildred Sears; Tosto, Pat

2007-01-01

396

Elementary TIG Welding Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The text was prepared to help deaf students develop the skills needed by an employed welder. It uses simplified language and illustrations to present concepts which should be reinforced by practical experience with welding skills. Each of the 12 lessons contains: (1) an information section with many illustrations which presents a concept or…

Pierson, John E., III

397

More Life Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to supplement already existing life skills instructional materials, this manual consists of 30 lessons to help students develop general, transferrrable skills in four areas--attending behaviors, cognition, self-management, and critical thinking. The following topics are among those covered in the lessons: eye contact, body posture,…

Hearn, Joan

398

Critical Skills Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the U.S. economy begins to show signs of improvement, executives say they need a workforce fully equipped with skills beyond just the basics of reading, writing, and arithmetic (the three Rs). Skills such as critical thinking and problem solving, communication, collaboration, and creativity and innovation (the four Cs) will become even more…

Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, 2010

2010-01-01

399

Social Skills Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue for people working in the field of adult literacy focuses on the impact of learning disabilities (LD) on an adult's social skills. It explores various social, emotional, and daily living concerns which adults with learning disabilities may face. The following articles are included: (1) "Social Skills and Adults with Learning…

Washington, Charles W., Ed.

1995-01-01

400

Measuring Internet Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research that considers Internet skills often lacks theoretical justifications and does not go beyond basic button knowledge. There is a strong need for a measurement framework that can guide future research. In this article, operational definitions for measuring Internet skills are proposed, applied in two large-scale performance tests, and tested for reliability and validity. The framework consists of four Internet

Alexander van Deursen; J. A. G. M. van Dijk

2010-01-01

401

Assessing Employee Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains four papers from a symposium on assessing employee skills. "Bridging the Training Gap: Identifying Work Place Transferable Skills Needs in Manufacturing Organizations in East Central Minnesota" (K. Peter Kuchinke, James M. Brown, Howie Anderson, Joe Hobson) reports a study of a workplace education program in rural Minnesota…

1997

402

What Are Generic Skills?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the methodology and stages of occupational generic skills studies focusing on four occupational surveys encompassing seventy-seven trade occupations. Also, covers specifications for developing an individualized job training curriculum and cites some available generic skills tools for teachers. (EM)

Smith, Arthur

1977-01-01

403

Knowledge & Skills Foundations  

E-print Network

methods and contextual understanding, critical thinking and hands-on skills. Basic Knowledge In the fields Charitable Trusts the sciences employ critical thinking skills as they learn scientific concepts. Beyond mere with scientific experiments but does not replace the thinking processes required to estimate, question and solve

Hood, Craig

404

Early Communicative Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for parents and teachers, the manual offers guidelines for developing communication skills in severely and profoundly mentally handicapped children. An introduction helps the reader determine a suitable starting point and provides a description of early communication skills; Part II describes the five stages in communication development.…

MacKay, Gilbert F.; Dunn, William R.

405

CAREER ENHANCEMENT SKILLS TRAINING  

E-print Network

SOLICITOR BARRISTER CAREER ENHANCEMENT CONVERSION SKILLS TRAINING EMPLOYABILITY DEVOLUTION JUSTICE of training I Wish to enhance their employability by acquiring an extra skill set that can be applied LAW a professional legal education Graduate Diploma in Law Swansea #12;WHAT IS THE GRADUATE DIPLOMA

Martin, Ralph R.

406

LabSkills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes LabSkills, a revolutionary teaching tool to improve practical science in schools. LabSkills offers the chance to help improve the exposure that the average Key Stage 5 (age 16-19) student has to practical work. This is a huge area for development being highlighted by universities who are seeing a worryingly growing trend in…

O'Brien, Nick

2010-01-01

407

49 CFR 385.337 - What happens if a new entrant refuses to permit a safety audit to be performed on its operations?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...entrant refuses to permit a safety audit to be performed on its operations...PROCEDURES New Entrant Safety Assurance Program § 385.337 What...entrant refuses to permit a safety audit to be performed on its operations...entrant refuses to permit a safety audit to be performed on its...

2010-10-01

408

Not-so-Soft Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much recent discussion about the skills needed to secure Britain's economic recovery has focused on skills for employability. However, too often, these fundamental skills are understood in narrow functional or vocational terms. So-called "soft skills", what Penelope Tobin, in her 2008 paper "Soft Skills: the hard facts", terms "traits and…

Curran, Mary

2010-01-01

409

Approved Module Information for PH1405, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Drug Molecules, Mechanisms and  

E-print Network

skills. ?Develop report writing skills. Professional/Subject Specific Skills ?Use the principles. Darren Flower. Level Description: Cert He/Level 4 (Enhanced Honours) Programmes in which available: BSc. Intellectual Skills ?Develop skills in identification and quantitation of drugs. ?Develop problem solving

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

410

Towards Robot Skill Learning: From Simple Skills to Table Tennis  

E-print Network

Towards Robot Skill Learning: From Simple Skills to Table Tennis Jan Peters, Jens Kober, Katharina learning problems to a game of robot table tennis. 1 Introduction Despite the many impressive motor skills

Jegelka, Stefanie

411

Bacterial population development and chemical characteristics of refuse decomposition in a simulated sanitary landfill  

SciTech Connect

Population development of key groups of bacteria involved in municipal refuse conversion to methane was measured from the time of initial incubation through the onset of methane production. Hemicellulolytic bacteria, cellulolytic bacteria, hydrogen-producing acetogens, and acetate-and H{sub 2}-plus-CO{sub 2}-utilizing methanogens were enumerated by the most-probable-number technique with media containing oat spelt xylan, ball-milled cellulose, butyrate, acetate, and H{sub 2} plus CO{sub 2}, respectively. The methane concentration of the sampled containers increased to 64% by day 69, at which time the maximum methane production rate, 929 liters of CH{sub 4} per day kg-year, was measured. Population increases of 2, 4, 5, 5, and 6 orders of magnitude were measured between fresh refuse and the methane production phase for the hemicellulolytic bacteria, cellulolytic bacteria, butyrate-catabolizing acetogens, and acetate- and H{sub 2}-CO{sub 2}-utilizing methanogens, respectively. The cellulolytic bacteria and acetogens increased more slowly than the methanogens and only after the onset of methane production. The initial decrease in the pH of the refuse ecosystem from 7.5 to 5.7 was attributed to the accumulation of acidic end products of sugar fermentation, to the low acid-consuming activity of the acetogenic and methanogenic bacteria, and to levels of oxygen and nitrate in the fresh refuse sufficient for oxidation of only 8% of the sugars to carbon dioxide and water. Cellulose and hemicellulose decomposition was most rapid after establishment of the methanogenic and acetogenic populations and a reduction in the initial accumulation of carboxylic acids. Initially acetate utilization, but ultimately polymer hydrolysis, limited the rate of refuse conversion to methane.

Barlaz, M.A.; Schaefer, D.M.; Ham, R.K. (Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison (USA))

1989-01-01

412

Feasibility of landfill gas as a liquefied natural gas fuel source for refuse trucks.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to develop a methodology to evaluate the feasibility of using landfill gas (LFG) as a liquefied natural gas (LNG) fuel source for heavy-duty refuse trucks operating on landfills. Using LFG as a vehicle fuel can make the landfills more self-sustaining, reduce their dependence on fossil fuels, and reduce emissions and greenhouse gases. Acrion Technologies Inc. in association with Mack Trucks Inc. developed a technology to generate LNG from LFG using the CO2 WASH process. A successful application of this process was performed at the Eco Complex in Burlington County, PA. During this application two LNG refuse trucks were operated for 600 hr each using LNG produced from gases from the landfill. The methodology developed in this paper can evaluate the feasibility of three LFG options: doing nothing, electricity generation, and producing LNG to fuel refuse trucks. The methodology involved the modeling of several components: LFG generation, energy recovery processes, fleet operations, economic feasibility, and decision-making. The economic feasibility considers factors such as capital, maintenance, operational, and fuel costs, emissions and tax benefits, and the sale of products such as surplus LNG and food-grade carbon dioxide (CO2). Texas was used as a case study. The 96 landfills in Texas were prioritized and 17 landfills were identified that showed potential for converting LFG to LNG for use as a refuse truck fuel. The methodology was applied to a pilot landfill in El Paso, TX. The analysis showed that converting LFG to LNG to fuel refuse trucks proved to be the most feasible option and that the methodology can be applied for any landfill that considers this option. PMID:18512437

Zietsman, Josias; Bari, Muhammad Ehsanul; Rand, Aaron J; Gokhale, Bhushan; Lord, Dominique; Kumar, Sunil

2008-05-01

413

[Refusal of food and fluids of a psychiatric patient in order to hasten death: obstacles for patient, family and care-team].  

PubMed

In this case-report we present a patient with a psychiatric history of a chronic depressive disorder. After a period of several years of ambivalence, he decided to refuse nutrition and hydration because he--in the words of the Royal Dutch Medical Association--was "suffering from life". There was no request for euthanasia or physician assisted suicide. His first attempt, that lasted six weeks, did not result in his death. A second attempt, four months later, ended successfully. We describe the pitfalls that the patient, his family and the professional caregivers faced in both trajectories. The premorbid psychiatric disorder with polypharmacy and several psychotropic drugs as a result, the enormous complaints of thirst, the role of his wife and the dilemmas faced by the professionals made this case very complex. These issues make such cases very challenging for professional teams that have to provide good palliative care. PMID:22642050

Koopmans, R T C M; Dekkers, W J M

2012-04-01

414

Library Skills Unit  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library Skills Unit teaches library resources and information to 9th grade classes, this is a list of resources that maybe helpful to the students. Take the survey after you have completed all 4 units of library skills. I would love your feedback on the unit so that I can change some things to make it more beneficial for you, the students! Library Skills Unit Survey Use these links to get to databases quickly: eLibrary Facts on File/Issues Controversies CQ Researcher ...

Ms. Bolle

2008-10-20

415

Presentation skills for nurses.  

PubMed

This article emphasises the importance of effective presentation skills. Such skills allow nurses to share knowledge and expertise and to communicate clearly in a range of workplace scenarios. Nurses are increasingly being asked to present in formal and informal situations, such as conferences, poster presentations, job interviews, case reports and ward-based teaching. This article explores the principles underpinning the development of these skills, discusses the situations in which they could be applied and demonstrates how nurses might improve and develop as presenters. PMID:25690236

Foulkes, Mark

2015-02-18

416

Hardened, environmentally disposable composite granules of coal cleaning refuse, coal combustion waste, and other wastes, and method preparing the same  

DOEpatents

A hardened, environmentally inert and disposable composite granule of coal cleaning refuse and coal combustion waste and method for producing the same are disclosed, wherein the coal combustion waste is first granulated. The coal cleaning refuse is pulverized into fine particles and is then bound, as an outer layer, to the granulated coal combustion waste granules. This combination is then combusted and sintered. After cooling, the combination results in hardened, environmentally inert and disposable composite granules having cores of coal combustion waste, and outer shells of coal cleaning refuse. The composite particles are durable and extremely resistant to environmental and chemical forces. 3 figs.

Burnet, G.; Gokhale, A.J.

1990-07-10

417

Hardened, environmentally disposable composite granules of coal cleaning refuse, coal combustion waste, and other wastes, and method preparing the same  

DOEpatents

A hardened, environmentally inert and disposable composite granule of coal cleaning refuse and coal combustion waste, and method for producing the same, wherein the coal combustion waste is first granulated. The coal cleaning refuse is pulverized into fine particles and is then bound, as an outer layer, to the granulated coal combustion waste granules. This combination is then combusted and sintered. After cooling, the combination results in hardened, environmentally inert and disposable composite granules having cores of coal combustion waste, and outer shells of coal cleaning refuse. The composite particles are durable and extremely resistant to environmental and chemical forces.

Burnet, George (Ames, IA); Gokhale, Ashok J. (College Station, TX)

1990-07-10

418

Crew Skills and Training  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One of the major focus points for the workshop was the topic of crew skills and training necessary for the Mars surface mission. Discussions centered on the mix of scientific skills necessary to accomplish the proposed scientific goals, and the training environment that can bring the ground and flight teams to readiness. Subsequent discussion resulted in recommendations for specific steps to begin the process of training an experienced Mars exploration team.

Jones, Thomas; Burbank, Daniel C.; Eppler, Dean; Garrison, Robert; Harvey, Ralph; Hoffman, Paul; Schmitt, Harrison

1998-01-01

419

Skill in Retrievals  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Retrieval Skill quantifies the ability of one retrieval from a sounder to be more accurate than the best forecast relative to another with the same of another sounder. This is summarized using a Retrieval Anomaly Skill Score (RASS) which is the cor (retrieved-background, truth-background) * sqrt(f), Where f is defined as the ratio of accepted to the possible retrievals. Charts show various features and comparisons of RASS to other methods of retrieval.

Aumann, Hartmut H.; Manning, Evan

2008-01-01

420

Contribution of Oral Language Skills, Linguistic Skills, and Transcription Skills to Chinese Written Composition among Fourth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aimed to investigate the contribution of oral language skills, linguistic skills, and transcription skills to Chinese written composition among Grade 4 students in Hong Kong. Measures assessing verbal working memory, oral language skills, linguistic skills (i.e., syntactic skills and discourse skills), transcription skills (i.e.,…

Yeung, Pui-sze; Ho, Connie Suk-han; Chan, David Wai-ock; Chung, Kevin Kien-hoa

2013-01-01

421

Club Drugs  

MedlinePLUS

... of club drugs include Gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB), Rohypnol, ketamine, as well as MDMA (ecstasy) and methamphetamine ( Drug ... Club Drugs , National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2010). Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic, mostly used in veterinary ...

422

Alcohol expectancy and drinking refusal self-efficacy: a test of specificity theory.  

PubMed

Although alcohol expectancy (expectations about the effects of drinking alcohol on one's behavior and mood) and drinking refusal self-efficacy (one's perceived ability to resist drinking in high-risk situations) have consistently been demonstrated to be useful to our understanding of alcohol use and abuse, the specificity of these constructs to alcohol consumption has not been previously demonstrated. Using 161 first-year psychology students and multiple regression analyses this study indicated that alcohol expectancies and drinking refusal self-efficacy were specifically related to quantity of alcohol consumption, but not to caffeine or nicotine intake. These results provide empirical evidence to confirm the theoretical and practical utility of these two cognitive constructs to alcohol research and serve to strengthen the theoretical foundations of alcohol expectancy theory. PMID:10972442

Oei, T P; Burrow, T

2000-01-01

423

Treatment refusal in the involuntarily hospitalized psychiatric population: Canadian policy and practice.  

PubMed

Policies governing coercive psychiatric interventions must be scrutinized to ensure they are not only beneficent but just. Within Canada, in seven of ten provinces, persons may be detained in hospital against their will for dangerousness due to mental disorder but, if capable of making treatment decisions, may refuse treatment for the very illness that led to detention. In examining this issue, the purpose of this paper is threefold. First, it will demonstrate that treatment refusal amongst involuntarily hospitalized psychiatric patients has arisen from a recent separation, in law, of hospitalization from treatment. Second, it will argue that legal provisions that allow the detention of psychiatric patients prior to assessment of their treatment decision-making capacity discriminate against the mentally ill and undermine health service delivery. Finally, this paper will propose that a more just policy would allow involuntary hospitalization of only those patients who are both incapable of making treatment decisions and harmful to themselves or others. PMID:11495208

Gupta, M

2001-01-01

424

A right to choose how to live: the Australian common law position on refusals of care.  

PubMed

There has been limited examination of the Australian common law position regarding contemporaneous refusals of care or medical treatment by competent adults since the first two Australian cases to adjudicate on refusals of this type: H Ltd v J and Brightwater Care Group (Inc) v Rossiter. This article maps the legal position in Australia in light of the two cases with particular emphasis on the finding in H Ltd v J that self-starvation is not suicide at common law. Finally, this article highlights the broader relevance of this area of the law and its capacity to inform debates as disparate as whether to legalise voluntary euthanasia and the possible implications for the autonomy of pregnant women of proposed laws giving legal status to fetuses (particularly Zoe's Law). PMID:25715540

Curnow, Katherine

2014-12-01

425

10 CFR 709.14 - Consequences of a refusal to complete a CI evaluation including a polygraph examination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Consequences of a refusal to complete a CI evaluation including a polygraph examination. 709.14... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COUNTERINTELLIGENCE EVALUATION PROGRAM CI Evaluation Protocols and Protection of National...

2014-01-01

426

10 CFR 709.14 - Consequences of a refusal to complete a CI evaluation including a polygraph examination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Consequences of a refusal to complete a CI evaluation including a polygraph examination. 709.14... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COUNTERINTELLIGENCE EVALUATION PROGRAM CI Evaluation Protocols and Protection of National...

2010-01-01

427

10 CFR 709.14 - Consequences of a refusal to complete a CI evaluation including a polygraph examination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Consequences of a refusal to complete a CI evaluation including a polygraph examination. 709.14... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COUNTERINTELLIGENCE EVALUATION PROGRAM CI Evaluation Protocols and Protection of National...

2012-01-01

428

10 CFR 709.14 - Consequences of a refusal to complete a CI evaluation including a polygraph examination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Consequences of a refusal to complete a CI evaluation including a polygraph examination. 709.14... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COUNTERINTELLIGENCE EVALUATION PROGRAM CI Evaluation Protocols and Protection of National...

2013-01-01

429

10 CFR 709.14 - Consequences of a refusal to complete a CI evaluation including a polygraph examination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Consequences of a refusal to complete a CI evaluation including a polygraph examination. 709.14... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COUNTERINTELLIGENCE EVALUATION PROGRAM CI Evaluation Protocols and Protection of National...

2011-01-01

430

25 CFR 30.125 - What happens if a State refuses to allow a school access to the State assessment?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...State refuses to allow a school access to the State assessment...assist schools in obtaining access to the State's assessment. This can include direct communication with the Governor...necessary, pay a State for access to its assessment tools...

2013-04-01

431

25 CFR 30.125 - What happens if a State refuses to allow a school access to the State assessment?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...State refuses to allow a school access to the State assessment...assist schools in obtaining access to the State's assessment. This can include direct communication with the Governor...necessary, pay a State for access to its assessment tools...

2014-04-01

432

25 CFR 30.125 - What happens if a State refuses to allow a school access to the State assessment?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...State refuses to allow a school access to the State assessment...assist schools in obtaining access to the State's assessment. This can include direct communication with the Governor...necessary, pay a State for access to its assessment tools...

2012-04-01

433

25 CFR 30.125 - What happens if a State refuses to allow a school access to the State assessment?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...State refuses to allow a school access to the State assessment...assist schools in obtaining access to the State's assessment. This can include direct communication with the Governor...necessary, pay a State for access to its assessment tools...

2010-04-01

434

25 CFR 30.125 - What happens if a State refuses to allow a school access to the State assessment?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...State refuses to allow a school access to the State assessment...assist schools in obtaining access to the State's assessment. This can include direct communication with the Governor...necessary, pay a State for access to its assessment tools...

2011-04-01

435

25 CFR 171.420 - Can I dispose of sewage, trash, or other refuse on a BIA irrigation project?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of sewage, trash, or other refuse on a BIA irrigation project? 171.420 Section 171.420...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Irrigation Facilities § 171.420 Can I...

2010-04-01

436

25 CFR 171.420 - Can I dispose of sewage, trash, or other refuse on a BIA irrigation project?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of sewage, trash, or other refuse on a BIA irrigation project? 171.420 Section 171.420...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Irrigation Facilities § 171.420 Can I...

2011-04-01

437

25 CFR 171.420 - Can I dispose of sewage, trash, or other refuse on a BIA irrigation project?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of sewage, trash, or other refuse on a BIA irrigation project? 171.420 Section 171.420...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Irrigation Facilities § 171.420 Can I...

2012-04-01

438

25 CFR 171.420 - Can I dispose of sewage, trash, or other refuse on a BIA irrigation project?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...of sewage, trash, or other refuse on a BIA irrigation project? 171.420 Section 171.420...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Irrigation Facilities § 171.420 Can I...

2014-04-01

439

25 CFR 171.420 - Can I dispose of sewage, trash, or other refuse on a BIA irrigation project?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of sewage, trash, or other refuse on a BIA irrigation project? 171.420 Section 171.420...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Irrigation Facilities § 171.420 Can I...

2013-04-01

440

42 CFR 61.16 - Termination of or refusal to continue award on grounds relating to moral character or loyalty...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...16 Section 61.16 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING FELLOWSHIPS Regular Fellowships § 61.16 Termination of or refusal to continue award on grounds...

2014-10-01

441

Municipal incineration studies: Sludge, refuse, and solid wastes. (Latest citations from the NTIS database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the use of incineration processes for the destruction of municipal wastes, including sewage sludge, refuse, and solid wastes. Topics include systems design and management, combustion and emissions studies, pollution and toxicity studies, heat recovery operations, pollution control devices, and economic aspects. Analytical methods for pollution identification, marine vessel incinerators, catalytic incineration, and risk assessment studies are also considered. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-05-01

442

Review of the treatment literature for encopresis, functional constipation, and stool-toileting refusal  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review summarizes the literature on randomized, controlled, published studies involving medical, behavioral, psychological,\\u000a and biofeedback treatments for encopresis\\/functional constipation and stool-toileting refusal in preschool-age and school-age\\u000a children. Nine such studies were located in the literature involving school-age children. No randomized, controlled treatment\\u000a studies involving preschool-age children have been published. This review revealed no evidence to support the routine use

Risa C. Brooks; Rachel M. Copen; Daniel J. Cox; James Morris; Stephen Borowitz; James Sutphen

2000-01-01

443

Comparison of humic acids derived from city refuse with more developed humic acids  

Microsoft Academic Search

The humic acids (HA) from composted and uncomposted city refuse (CR) were characterized by degradative (oxidation with persulphate and permanganate) and non-degradative techniques (FT-IR and C-NMR) in order to analyze the effect of the composting process on these HA. They were also compared with commercial HA extracted from leonardite. The carboxyl and carbonyl group content of the HA from CR

Carlos García; Teresa Hernández; Francisco Costa

1992-01-01

444

Court says French government's refusal to authorize adoption violates woman's human rights.  

PubMed

On 22 January 2008, the European Court of Human Rights held that there had been a violation of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (European Convention) in the case of E.B. v. France, concerning a refusal by the French authorities to grant E.B.'s request to adopt a child, allegedly on account of her sexual orientation. PMID:18727204

Chu, Sandra Ka Hon

2008-07-01

445

Evaluation retest on a hospital-refuse incinerator at Sutter General Hospital, Sacramento, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

An evaluation test program was conducted to evaluate the effect of incinerator design changes on emissions from the hospital-refuse incinerator. The test was conducted as a part of the California Air Resources Board's program to assess emissions from stationary sources. Daily average oxygen concentrations ranged from 12.1-15.6% and the daily average carbon dioxide concentrations ranged from 4.0-5.5%. Dioxin emissions ranged

A. Jenkins; P. Ouchida; G. Lew

1988-01-01

446

A Behavior-Based Approach to Food Refusal in Children with Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four children (ages 4-5 years) with autism or pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) participated in a four week, single-case design intervention study. Each child had a behavior-based feeding problem that included food refusal and selectivity. Individual interventions were carried out in the classroom during lunchtime over four weeks. Small positive changes were observed in each child's feeding behavior without any negative

B Ogata; C Trahms; B Lucas; I Schwartz

1999-01-01

447

Teaching Soft Skills Employers Need  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identifies the soft skills community colleges teach in an office technology course and determines whether the skills taught are congruent with the soft skills employers require in today's entry-level office work. A qualitative content analysis of a community college office technology soft skills course was performed using 23 soft…

Ellis, Maureen; Kisling, Eric; Hackworth, Robbie G.

2014-01-01

448

Basic Skills. NIACE Briefing Sheet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Skills For Life, since 2001 the United Kingdom's national adult basic skills strategy, aims to improve literacy, numeracy, or English for speakers of other languages (ESOL) skills among people over the age of 16. Basic skills programs may be full- or part-time and are delivered in colleges, community venues, neighborhood learning centers, adult…

National Inst. of Adult Continuing Education, Leicester (England).

449

A CAI Study Skills Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a computer assisted instruction (CAI) study skills program and reports the results of a study conducted to determine its effectiveness. The program consists of ten CAI study skills modules, a CAI study skills notebook, and a CAI study skills test. The modules address (1) managing time, (2) improving memory, (3) taking lecture…

Gadzella, Bernadette M.

450

Skills Gaps in Australian Firms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the results of a survey of more than 2000 managers examining perceptions of skills gaps in a range of Australian firms. It finds that three quarters report a skills gap, and almost one third report skills gaps across the whole organisation. Firm size and industry differences exist in perceptions of the effect of the skills gap…

Lindorff, Margaret

2011-01-01

451

Evaluation test on a refuse incinerator at Stanford University Environmental Safety Facility, Stanford, CA. Test report  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation test was conducted to determine the emissions from an Environmental Safety Facility refuse incinerator. The refuse incinerator exhaust gas passes through a sodium hydroxide scrubber, then a natural gas-fired reheater before the gas is vented to the atmosphere. The incinerator was operated at average burn rates of approximately 550, 620, 725, and 805 pounds of refuse per hour on successive days during the test period. Daily average oxygen concentrations ranged from 9.5% to 11.5% and the carbon dioxide concentrations ranged from 5.5% to 7.0%. The dioxin emissions from the stack ranged from 0.2 nanograms per second (ng/sec) for tetrachlorodioxin (TCDD) to 4.2 ng/sec for the heptachlorodioxin (HpCDD). Furan emission rates from the stack ranged from 0.5 ng/sec for the tetrachlorofuran (TCDF) to 10.1 ng/sec for the pentachlorofuran (PeCDF). The hydrochloric acid emission rates at the caustic scrubber inlet ranged from 6 to 9 pounds per hour and at the scrubber outlet ranged from 0.006 to 0.034 pounds per hour.

Jenkins, A.; Ouchida, P.; Lew, G.

1988-04-01

452

An investigation on the fuel savings potential of hybrid hydraulic refuse collection vehicles.  

PubMed

Refuse trucks play an important role in the waste collection process. Due to their typical driving cycle, these vehicles are characterized by large fuel consumption, which strongly affects the overall waste disposal costs. Hybrid hydraulic refuse vehicles offer an interesting alternative to conventional diesel trucks, because they are able to recuperate, store and reuse braking energy. However, the expected fuel savings can vary strongly depending on the driving cycle and the operational mode. Therefore, in order to assess the possible fuel savings, a typical driving cycle was measured in a conventional vehicle run by the waste authority of the City of Stuttgart, and a dynamical model of the considered vehicle was built up. Based on the measured driving cycle and the vehicle model including the hybrid powertrain components, simulations for both the conventional and the hybrid vehicle were performed. Fuel consumption results that indicate savings of about 20% are presented and analyzed in order to evaluate the benefit of hybrid hydraulic vehicles used for refuse collection. PMID:24953314

Bender, Frank A; Bosse, Thomas; Sawodny, Oliver

2014-09-01

453

Heavy metal contamination of foods by refuse dump sites in Awka, southeastern Nigeria.  

PubMed

The impact of heavy metals from refuse dumps on soil, food, and water qualities in Awka, Nigeria was studied. Soil samples (top and 1.35 m deep) were collected from five refuse dumps digested with conc. HNO3 and HClO4. The heavy metals (lead, manganese, arsenic, chromium, cadmium, and nickel) in vegetables (spinach, fluted pumpkin), root crop (cocoyam), and surface and ground water were determined using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS). Chemical properties of the soil and bacteria were determined. Heavy metals were found to be more concentrated at a depth of 1.35 m. Manganese was high in shallow wells and borehole water samples with the highest levels as 0.538 and 0.325 mg/l, respectively. Nickel levels in the borehole sample ranged from 0.001 to 0.227 mg/l, whereas the highest level of lead was 0.01 mg/l. The Obibia stream had the highest levels of manganese and lead. Linear regression analyses showed that the relationship between soil heavy metals and farm produce heavy metals was strong. Taken together, we may conclude that the consumption of leafy vegetables and crops produced on contaminated soils may pose a health risk to those that reside around the refuse dumps. PMID:18836662

Nduka, John K C; Orisakwe, Orish Ebere; Ezenweke, L O; Chendo, M N; Ezenwa, T E

2008-01-01

454

Measurement of suspended-particle, heavy-metal, and selected organic emissions at Wolverhampton Municipal-Refuse incinerator  

Microsoft Academic Search

An investigation to measure the emissions of suspended particles, heavy metals, and selected high-molecular-weight chlorinated hydrocarbons was carried out during a three day period at the Wolverhampton municipal-refuse incinerator (West Midlands County Council). On average, the mean suspended-particle emission was 25 g\\/s compared with the recommended limit of 8.9 g\\/s for the twin incinerator units burning 12.5 te\\/h of refuse

P. Clayton; D. W. Scott

1985-01-01

455

Soft skills and dental education.  

PubMed

Soft skills and hard skills are essential in the practice of dentistry. While hard skills deal with technical proficiency, soft skills relate to a personal values and interpersonal skills that determine a person's ability to fit in a particular situation. These skills contribute to the success of organisations that deal face-to-face with clients. Effective soft skills benefit the dental practice. However, the teaching of soft skills remains a challenge to dental schools. This paper discusses the different soft skills, how they are taught and assessed and the issues that need to be addressed in their teaching and assessment. The use of the module by the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya for development of soft skills for institutions of higher learning introduced by the Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia. PMID:23574183

Gonzalez, M A G; Abu Kasim, N H; Naimie, Z

2013-05-01

456

The use of town refuse ash in urban agriculture around Jos, Nigeria: health and environmental risks.  

PubMed

This paper reports on a study that examines the health and environmental risks of using town refuse ash in urban vegetable production in Jos, Nigeria, in terms of heavy metal accumulation in the food chain. Soil and crop samples, collected from five study farms, and samples of the river water used for irrigation, were analysed for seven heavy metals Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Ni, Cd and Pb. On the basis of the field data the paper discusses: (1) the potential soil deficiencies and toxicities; (2) the probable links between soil heavy metal levels and fertilisation practices; (3) the heavy metal concentrations in crop tissue in relation to crop growth and human health. The findings suggest that soil concentrations of the seven metals fall within 'typical' soil levels, and that there should not be any problems of either toxicities or deficiencies for crop growth. There was evidence of slight accumulation of Zn, Cu and Cd on some of the farms with a history of town refuse ash use. However, in all farms lettuce crops contained very large concentrations of Fe, and Pb concentrations that were 20 to 40 times higher than the WHO/FAO maximum recommended level in leafy vegetables for human consumption. The Cd content of carrot tissue was 10 times higher than the WHO/FAO recommended limit. The relatively small number of soil and crop samples precluded any formal attempt at correlating the concentrations of heavy metals found in the vegetable crops with the farm levels. Nevertheless, the data suggested that these were not linked. The paper goes on to consider various potential sources of the metals found in the crops, including irrigation water, town refuse ash and air-borne dust, and discusses additional health and environmental risks pertaining to the use of town refuse ash. Undoubtedly, the heavy Pb and Cd contamination of certain crops indicates the urgent need for future studies to ascertain the precise source of these metals, and although the practice of using town refuse ash does not appear to have resulted in large-scale contamination of soil in the farming area, there are a number of unsafe practices associated with it that call for the identification of strategies for the safe utilisation of urban waste in Jos. PMID:16376696

Pasquini, M W

2006-01-15

457

Drugs, drugs--who has the drugs?  

PubMed

Drug diversion, although on the increase, is not the only problem involving drugs that hospital security officials should be concerned with. Growing drug shortages, offshore production, counterfeiting, and weaknesses in the drug supply chain in case of a world-wide pandemic, are even greater causes for concern, the author claims. PMID:22423518

Blair, James

2012-01-01

458

Editor's Note: Literacy Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Our science and literacy issue is always one of the most popular issues of the year, and we're betting this jam-packed issue will be no exception. Why? There are many probable reasons. Many elementary teachers are more comfortable with teaching science literacy so they look for ways to use their strengths. No Child Left Behind legislation has put the spotlight on literacy in the elementary grades, sometimes pushing science (and social studies and PE and art) out of the busy day. Teaching science with literacy skills may be one way to convey important science skills while still teaching and reinforcing literacy.

Chris Ohana

2008-11-01

459

CMVO Drug Testing Program Reasonable Suspicion Testing  

E-print Network

: _______________________________________________________________________________________ Motor skills: Trembling/Shaking ___ Restless/Agitated ____ Slow or exaggerated moves ____ InattentiveCMVO Drug Testing Program Reasonable Suspicion Testing CMVO Revised Suspicion Form (Revised 6/08) Guidelines for Reasonable Suspicion Drug and Alcohol Testing: A supervisor, trained in accordance with 49 CFR

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

460

Responding to intractable terminal suffering: the role of terminal sedation and voluntary refusal of food and fluids. ACP-ASIM End-of-Life Care Consensus Panel. American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine.  

PubMed

When provided by a skilled, multidisciplinary team, palliative care is highly effective at addressing the physical, psychological, social, and spiritual needs of dying patients and their families. However, some patients who have witnessed harsh death want reassurance that they can escape if their suffering becomes intolerable. In addition, a small percentage of terminally ill patients receiving comprehensive care reach a point at which their suffering becomes severe and unacceptable despite unrestrained palliative efforts; some of these patients request that death be hastened. This paper presents terminal sedation and voluntary refusal of hydration and nutrition as potential last resorts that can be used to address the needs of such patients. These two practices allow clinicians to address a much wider range of intractable end-of-life suffering than physician-assisted suicide (even if it were legal) and can also provide alternatives for patients, families, and clinicians who are morally opposed to physician-assisted suicide. This paper will define the two practices, distinguish them from more standard palliative care interventions and from physician-assisted suicide, illustrate them with a real clinical scenario, provide potential guidelines and practicalities, and explore their moral and legal status. Although medicine cannot sanitize dying or provide perfect answers for all challenging end-of-life clinical problems, terminal sedation and voluntary refusal of hydration and nutrition substantially increase patients' choices at this inherently challenging time. PMID:10691593

Quill, T E; Byock, I R

2000-03-01

461

Math Skills Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This math skills review was written for first year college chemistry students who have weak math backgrounds, but is useful for all science students in high school and college. Topics covered include algebraic manipulation, dimensional analysis, significant figures, manipulation of exponents, scientific notation, logarithms, the quadratic equation and standard deviation.

Wendy Keeney-Kennicutt

1997-11-03

462

The Skills Revolution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The government, through several White and Green Papers, has promoted the 'Skills Revolution'. This requires central direction and coordination of a wide range of policies, practices and partnerships. But there are several difficulties: the impossibility of micromanaging the complex social and economic system; the dominance of the rather limited…

Pring, Richard

2004-01-01

463

Rapid Response Skills Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College's (MGCCC) long-term commitment to providing workforce training in a post-Katrina environment became a catalyst for designing short-term flexible educational opportunities. Providing nationally recognized skills training for the recovery/rebuilding of communities challenged the college to develop innovative,…

Kelley-Winders, Anna Faye

2008-01-01

464

Metacognitive Skills: Practical Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four strategies effective in helping learning disabled students develop specific skills necessary for effective reading comprehension are described: (1) self questioning, (2) lookback strategies, (3) use of a code, and (4) inference modeling. The procedures are designed to shift students from a passive to an active role in reading. (CL)

Schewel, Rosel H.; Waddell, Julia G.

1986-01-01

465

Math Skills Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A math review exam, written and administered in conjunction with the Quantitative Assessment Program at the Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, is used at the beginning of the 1st food engineering course to evaluate math skills needed for successful completion of the course. Students who do not score well on the math exam are targeted for individual…

Hartel, R. W.; Adem, M.

2004-01-01

466

Teaching Presentation Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective teaching of presentation skills focuses on the most important element of the presentation--the message itself. Some instructors place the heaviest emphasis on the messenger (the presenter) and focus their presentation feedback on all the presenter is doing wrong--saying "um," gesturing awkwardly, and so forth. When students receive this…

Baker, William H.; Thompson, Michael P.

2004-01-01

467

State Skill Standards: Welding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Education has undertaken an ambitious effort to develop statewide occupational skill standards. The standards in this document are for welding programs and are designed to clearly state what the student should know and be able to do upon completion of an advanced high-school program. The writing team determined that any statewide…

Pointer, Mike; Naylor, Randy; Warden, John; Senek, Gene; Shirley, Charles; Lefcourt, Lew; Munson, Justin; Johnson, Art

2005-01-01

468

Academic Skills Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A module consisting of eight academic skills is presented to help students achieve success and graduate from Northwestern State University (Louisiana) and other institutions. The elective course is open to all students, and especially for entering freshmen who have a grade point average of 2.0 or who are enrolled in developmental education…

Demery, Marie

469

Skills for Tomorrow's Workforce.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last decade, concern over the nation's global economic status and the role of public education in preparing workers has led to a push for standards reform. Two converging reform strategies have emerged: (1) to create a voluntary system of academic standards for K-12 students, and (2) to create a voluntary system of industry-skill

Ananda, Srijati M.; And Others

1995-01-01

470

Soft Skills, Hard Science  

E-print Network

2013 Women & Science Conference1 Wednesday, May 22, 13 #12;Why focus on soft skills? What comes to mind, 13 #12;People with disabilities in STEM What comes to mind when you think of people with disabilities, May 22, 13 #12;Range of Disabilities 8 with Learning Disability 4 with Physical Disability 3 with ADHD

Wu, Mingshen

471

The Skills Paradox  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite a vocal commitment to fairness, the British Government has, according to these authors, wholeheartedly failed to live up to this pledge when it comes to skills and adult training. A report on adult learning released in December by Demos found a system rife with inequality and contradictions. As the jobs market becomes increasingly…

Burks, Beatrice Karol; Reeves, Richard

2009-01-01

472

Skilled Veterans Corps  

E-print Network

once and for all. A group of elders has volunteered to clean up the reactors damaged by the tsunami and earthquake. Calling itself the Skilled Veteran Corps, the group consists of engineers and other specialists over 60 who are able?and willing--to do a...

Hacker, Randi

2011-08-31

473

Group Work Skills Rubric  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document provides a rubric for grading group work skills. With this, instructors can evaluate students in the areas of initiative, preparation, cooperation and time management.This rubric would be useful for grading groups at most educational levels. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

474

Life Skills Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes the San Francisco Sheriff's Department (SFSD) Life Skills for Prisoners Program. The program was designed to enhance and expand the Resolve to Stop the Violence Project, which had operated successfully for three years in the San Francisco County Jail as a restorative justice program. The mission of SFSD is to…

Schwartz, Sunny

2005-01-01

475

Developing Scientists' "Soft" Skills  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A great deal of professional advice directed at undergraduates, graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and even early-career scientists focuses on technical skills necessary to succeed in a complex work environment in which problems transcend disciplinary boundaries. Collaborative research approaches are emphasized, as are cross-training and gaining nonacademic experiences [Moslemi et al., 2009].

Gordon, Wendy

2014-02-01

476

Soft Skills, Hard Numbers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors describe a six-step need-based training system for managers. It includes (1) identifying job duties, (2) describing jobs using competency statements, (3) identifying relative skill importance, (4) identifying employee strengths and weaknesses, (5) evaluating employee proficiency, and (6) preparing individual career plans. (CH)

Mirabile, Richard; And Others

1987-01-01

477

State Skill Standards: Metalworking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Education has undertaken an ambitious effort to develop statewide occupational skill standards. The standards in this document are for metalworking programs and are designed to clearly state what the student should know and be able to do upon completion of an advanced high-school program. The writing team determined that any…

Pointer, Mike; Naylor, Randy; Warden, John; Senek, Gene; Shirley, Charles; Lefcourt, Lew; Munson, Justin; Johnson, Art

2005-01-01

478

Essential Skills for Principals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No matter what standards they follow, principals must be skilled team builders, instructional leaders, and visionary risk-takers. There are five emerging roles: historian, cheerleader, lightning rod, landscaper (environmental scanner), and anthropologist. To succeed, principals must be empowered by districts, become authentic leaders, and make…

Terry, Paul M.

1999-01-01

479

Developing Leadership Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principals often think of professional development in terms of activities--attending a workshop, networking with colleagues at a conference, reading a professional article or book, and so on. Although these are all good things in and of themselves, genuine professional growth does not occur until knowledge and skills are put into practice at the…

Kinney, Patti

2008-01-01

480

Assessing Students' Metacognitive Skills  

PubMed Central

Objective To develop a diagnostic test for assessing cognitive skills related to metacognition in a physiology course. Methods Cognitive skills believed to be related to metacognition (visualizing lecture information and interpreting diagrams) were identified in a first-professional year (P1) physiology course and test items were constructed for each. Analyses included overall reliability, item discrimination, and variance comparisons of 4 groups to assess the effect of prior physiology coursework and diagnostic test score level on the first examination in physiology. Results Overall reliability was 0.83 (N = 78). Eighty percent of the test items discriminated positively. The average diagnostic test scores of students with or without a prior physiology course did not differ significantly. Students who scored above the class mean on the diagnostic test and who had taken a prior physiology course also had the highest average scores on the physiology examination. Conclusion The diagnostic test provided a measure of a limited number of skills related to metacognition, and preliminary data suggest that such skills are especially important in retaining information. PMID:17429514

Alman, Martha; Gardner, Stephanie; Born, Charles

2007-01-01

481

Skill in Expert Dogs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The motor control of novice participants is often cognitively demanding and susceptible to interference by other tasks. As people develop expertise, their motor control becomes less susceptible to interference from other tasks. Researchers propose a transition in human motor skill from active control to automaticity. This progression may also be…

Helton, William S.

2007-01-01

482

Measuring Skills and Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Customized skills assessments can perform a number of functions: help training departments demonstrate their effectiveness; provide a foundation for career development programs; reinforce company values; add feedback from the bottom up for performance evaluation; provide a concentrated focus for customer service improvement; and serve as a…

Ludeman, Kate

1991-01-01

483

Mediation: Skills and techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mediation-Skills and Techniques is an essential and comprehensive addition to the professional library of all mediators. It provides a thorough course of study of the mediation process, from convening the mediation to formalizing the settlement agreement. The book adopts an interdisciplinary approach to mediation, integrating knowledge and expertise from law, psychology, and sociology. Practical examples and case studies are used

Laurence Boulle; Colatrella Jr. Michael T; Anthony P. Picchioni

2008-01-01

484

Microbial utilization and transformation of humic acid-like substances extracted from a mixture of municipal refuse and sewage sludge disposed of in a landfill  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the research was to establish whether humic acid-like substances (HA) related to municipal refuse disposed of in a landfill can resist microbial degradation and if they contribute, in that way, to long-term stabilization of landfill refuse. Using a mixture of 0.1 M Na4P2O7 + 0.1 M NaOH, we extracted HA from municipal refuse mixed with sewage sludge

Z Filip; W Pecher; J Berthelin

2000-01-01

485

Perceptions of participation in a Phase I, II, or III clinical trial among African American patients with cancer: what do refusers say? | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

Evidence suggests that participation rates among African American patients in clinical trials is decreasing, however, there is limited research looking at the racial differences for refusal to participate. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of African-American cancer patients who refused participation in a clinical trial to better understand the patient-provider barriers. Lack of trust in medical research, often identified as a reason for refusal, was not a significant factor.

486

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Metal Stamping Skills Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These skill standards, developed through a consortium of educational and industry partners in Illinois, serve as guides to workforce preparation program providers to define content for their programs and to employers to establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition and performance. The skill standards include the following…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

487

Critical Skills Master's Program The Critical Skills Master's Program (CSMP)  

E-print Network

Critical Skills Master's Program (CSMP): The Critical Skills Master's Program (CSMP) provides exceptional bachelor's-level candidates with the opportunity to pursue a fully funded Master's of Science in an appropriate technical staff position at Sandia with competitive pay. Critical Skills Master's Program (CSMP

488

Skilled or Skillful: What's the Difference for Readers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the difference between "drilling for skills" and "becoming skillful readers" and shows how teachers can help students become skillful readers, writers, discussants, and thinkers through literature discussions. Discusses establishing a context for literature study, and initiating and maintaining literature study groups. (SR)

Gilles, Carol; Dickinson, Jean

1999-01-01

489

Working in Partnership: Skills Transfer in Developing a Cross-Cultural Research Team  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a broader study on Indigenous illegal drug use, the authors undertook skills training to increase cross-cultural mutual understanding of the often different approaches and methodologies between research and practice, as well as Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal understandings of these approaches. The study and the skills transfer training…

Guthrie, Jill; Dance, Phyll; Cubillo, Carmen; McDonald, David; Tongs, Julie; Brideson, Tom; Bammer, Gabriele

2006-01-01

490

Relations of Social Skills, Personal Competence, and Adolescent Alcohol UseA Developmental Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Findings from school-based drug prevention interventions indicate that social skills and personal competence are an effective barrier against adolescent alcohol use. Efficacious and competent youth are hypothesized to possess skills to reduce offers for alcohol and invoke alternative strategies that offset peer pressure. To understand these developmental relations, a longitudinal model that specified effects of early alcohol use on later

Lawrence M. Scheier; Gilbert J. Botvin

1998-01-01

491

Drug allergies  

MedlinePLUS

... Most drug allergies cause minor skin rashes and hives. Serum sickness is a delayed type of drug ... allergic reaction. For example, aspirin can cause nonallergic hives or trigger asthma . Some drug reactions are considered ...

492

Club Drugs  

MedlinePLUS

Club drugs are group of psychoactive drugs. They act on the central nervous system and can cause changes ... Molly, Hug Beans, and Love Drug Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB), also known as G, Liquid Ecstasy, and Soap ...

493

Putting it bluntly: communication skills in the Iliad.  

PubMed

In current undergraduate medical curricula, much emphasis is placed on learning the skills of communication. This paper looks at Homer's Iliad and argues that from it we may learn that our skills can be mechanistic, shallow and simplistic. Homer was regarded in the Greek and Roman world as the father of rhetoric. This reputation rested greatly on book 9 of the Iliad, the embassy from the Greek leaders to the bitter, wrathful Achilles. The mission of the three emissaries is to persuade him to return to the ranks of the Greeks, who are being routed since his refusal to fight. We learn how the outcome of a conversation may be predetermined by the previous relationship of the speakers, and how a man beyond reason responds to reason; we should reflect that Homer's audience heard the piece knowing the outcome, giving it a tragic inevitability. We, the audience, cannot analyse the discourse rationally, because in this, as in all communication, reason is disturbed by emotion. PMID:23674537

Marshall, R J; Bleakley, A

2008-06-01

494

A quality of life quandary: a framework for navigating parental refusal of treatment for co-morbidities in infants with underlying medical conditions.  

PubMed

Parental refusal of a recommended treatment is not an uncommon scenario in the neonatal intensive care unit. These refusals may be based upon the parents' perceptions of their child's projected quality of life. The inherent subjectivity of quality of life assessments, however, can exacerbate disagreement between parents and healthcare providers. We present a case of parental refusal of surgical intervention for necrotizing enterocolitis in an infant with Bartter syndrome and develop an ethical framework in which to consider the appropriateness of parental refusal based upon an infant's projected quality of life. PMID:25794289

Kunz, Sarah N; McAdams, Ryan M; Diekema, Douglas S; Opel, Douglas J

2015-01-01

495

Skill Building in the Block?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers in a block or model office program, noting that all students have not acquired basic office skills elsewhere, describe drills they use to improve entry skills advertised for daily in want ads. (Editor/HD)

Dube, Louise M.; Pappas, Artemus M.

1976-01-01

496

Skilled nursing or rehabilitation facilities  

MedlinePLUS

... may need to be transferred to a skilled nursing or rehabilitation facility. ... Common medical problems that often lead to skilled nursing or rehabilitation facility care include: Joint replacement surgery, ...

497

Plants, Animals and Basic Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Countrystart is a class in which students work with plants and animals, providing numerous opportunities to integrate basic skills teaching. The practical subject area becomes the vehicle to develop other skills needed by students. (JOW)

Pheasant, Robert

2000-01-01

498

Drug abuse  

MedlinePLUS

Substance abuse; Illicit drug abuse; Narcotic abuse; Hallucinogen abuse ... damage ( peripheral neuropathy ) Sudden death OPIATES, OPIOIDS, AND NARCOTICS Opiates come from opium poppies. These drugs include ...

499

How to approach major surgery where patients refuse blood transfusion (including Jehovah's Witnesses).  

PubMed Central

Jehovah's Witnesses do not permit the use of allogeneic blood products. An increasing number of patients are refusing blood transfusion for non-religious reasons. In addition, blood stores are decreasing, and costs are increasing. Transfusion avoidance strategies are, therefore, desirable. Bloodless surgery refers to the co-ordinated peri-operative care of patients aiming to avoid blood transfusion, and improve patient outcomes. These principles are likely to gain popularity, and become standard practice for all patients. This review offers a practical approach to the surgical management of Jehovah's Witnesses, and an introduction to the principles of bloodless surgery that can be applied to the management of all patients. PMID:15720900

Gohel, M. S.; Bulbulia, R. A.; Slim, F. J.; Poskitt, K. R.; Whyman, M. R.

2005-01-01

500

A review of refuse-derived fuel (RDF) facilities: Design considerations and opportunities  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the history of refuse-derived fuel (RDF) processing facilities in the United States. The advantages and limitations of these systems are compared to mass burning technology. The current status of these facilities, including environmental, institutional, and economic considerations, are discussed. The unit operations used to produce a desired RDF product are described and the future potential of RDF processing systems is evaluated. Current research sponsored by the US Department of Energy on new RDF processing techniques is presented. 14 refs., 15 figs., 9 tabs.

Ohlsson, O.O.

1989-01-01