These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Media Resistance Skills and Drug Skill Refusal Techniques: What is Their Relationship with Alcohol Use Among Inner-City Adolescents?  

PubMed Central

Past research related to alcohol advertising examined whether underage adolescents were targets of the alcohol industry and what impact such adverting had on adolescent drinking. The purpose of this study was to longitudinally examine the impact of media resistance skills on subsequent drinking among adolescents residing in inner-city regions of New York City. The study also tested whether drug skill refusal techniques (knowing how to say no to alcohol and other drugs) mediated the relationship between media resistance skills and adolescent drinking. A panel sample of baseline, 1-year and 2-year follow-ups (N = 1318) from the control group of a longitudinal drug abuse prevention trial participated. A series of structural equations models showed that media resistance skills directly negatively predicted alcohol use two years later and that drug skill refusal techniques mediated this effect. Baseline media resistance skills were associated with 1-year drug skill refusal techniques, which in turn negatively predicted 2-year alcohol use. These findings provided empirical support for including media resistance skills and drug skill refusal techniques in alcohol prevention programs. PMID:18164827

Epstein, Jennifer A.; Botvin, Gilbert J.

2008-01-01

2

Media resistance skills and drug skill refusal techniques: What is their relationship with alcohol use among inner-city adolescents?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past research related to alcohol advertising examined whether underage adolescents were targets of the alcohol industry and what impact such adverting had on adolescent drinking. The purpose of this study was to longitudinally examine the impact of media resistance skills on subsequent drinking among adolescents residing in inner-city regions of New York City. The study also tested whether drug skill

Jennifer A. Epstein; Gilbert J. Botvin

2008-01-01

3

Refusal Skill Ability: An Examination of Adolescent Perceptions of Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study examined whether refusal assertion as defined by a proven drug prevention program was associated with adolescent perceptions of effectiveness by comparing two sets of coded responses to adolescent videotaped refusal role-plays (N = 63). The original set of codes was defined by programmatic standards of refusal assertion and the…

Nichols, Tracy R.; Birnel, Sara; Graber, Julia A.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Botvin, Gilbert J.

2010-01-01

4

Physician switching after drug request refusal.  

PubMed

Physician switching is a barometer of the quality of the relationship between a patient and a physician. Understanding the factors associated with physician switching in the context of direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) of prescription drugs has been largely unexamined. A total of 818 of 2,988 participants in a national telephone survey (27.4%) who had received DTCA reported asking their physician for a prescription drug, and 196 (24.0%) reported that their physician refused to prescribe the drug. Of those whose physicians refused, 13.9% (n = 27 of 194 with data) switched doctors. We found that individuals with regular medical-seeking behavior, full prescription drug coverage, with certain chronic conditions, and of African American origin were significantly more likely to switch physicians in this context. PMID:22054027

Lee, Doohee; Begley, Charles E

2011-10-01

5

21 CFR 316.25 - Refusal to grant orphan-drug designation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Refusal to grant orphan-drug designation. 316.25 Section 316...SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE ORPHAN DRUGS Designation of an Orphan Drug § 316.25 Refusal to grant...

2010-04-01

6

Development and Evaluation of an Interactive CD-ROM Refusal Skills Program to Prevent Youth Substance Use: “Refuse to Use”  

Microsoft Academic Search

An interactive CD-ROM program designed to reduce adolescent substance use was developed and evaluated. The program uses video vignettes to teach refusal skills and socially acceptable responses to substance use situations, specifically offers of marijuana. In a randomized pretest-to-posttest experiment with 74 public school students from six classes in three high schools, significant changes were observed at posttest on (1)

Terry E. Duncan; Susan C. Duncan; Natasha Beauchamp; Jennifer Wells; Dennis V. Ary

2000-01-01

7

21 CFR 516.25 - Refusal to grant MUMS-drug designation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Refusal to grant MUMS-drug designation. 516.25 Section 516.25 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...Designation of a Minor Use or Minor Species New Animal Drug § 516.25 Refusal to grant MUMS-drug...

2010-04-01

8

49 CFR 655.49 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test. 655.49 Section 655.49...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PREVENTION OF ALCOHOL MISUSE AND PROHIBITED DRUG USE IN TRANSIT...49 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test. (a) Each employer shall...

2010-10-01

9

49 CFR 655.49 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test. 655.49 Section 655.49...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PREVENTION OF ALCOHOL MISUSE AND PROHIBITED DRUG USE IN TRANSIT...49 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test. (a) Each employer shall...

2013-10-01

10

49 CFR 655.49 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test. 655.49 Section 655.49...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PREVENTION OF ALCOHOL MISUSE AND PROHIBITED DRUG USE IN TRANSIT...49 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test. (a) Each employer shall...

2011-10-01

11

49 CFR 655.49 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test. 655.49 Section 655.49...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PREVENTION OF ALCOHOL MISUSE AND PROHIBITED DRUG USE IN TRANSIT...49 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test. (a) Each employer shall...

2012-10-01

12

21 CFR 314.127 - Refusal to approve an abbreviated new drug application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Refusal to approve an abbreviated new drug application. 314.127 Section...APPLICATIONS FOR FDA APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW DRUG FDA Action on Applications and Abbreviated...127 Refusal to approve an abbreviated new drug application. (a) FDA will...

2010-04-01

13

21 CFR 314.127 - Refusal to approve an abbreviated new drug application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Refusal to approve an abbreviated new drug application. 314.127 Section...APPLICATIONS FOR FDA APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW DRUG FDA Action on Applications and Abbreviated...127 Refusal to approve an abbreviated new drug application. (a) FDA will...

2011-04-01

14

14 CFR 120.11 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 61 certificate holder.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 61 certificate...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION...CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAM Individuals...Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 61...

2010-01-01

15

14 CFR 120.15 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 65 certificate holder.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 65 certificate...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION...CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAM Individuals...Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 65...

2010-01-01

16

14 CFR 120.13 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate holder.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION...CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAM Individuals...Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63...

2010-01-01

17

14 CFR 120.15 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 65 certificate holder.  

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 65 certificate holder...CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAM Individuals Certificated...15 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 65 certificate...

2014-01-01

18

14 CFR 120.11 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 61 certificate holder.  

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 61 certificate holder...CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAM Individuals Certificated...11 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 61 certificate...

2014-01-01

19

14 CFR 120.13 - Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate holder.  

...false Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate holder...CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAM Individuals Certificated...13 Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test by a Part 63 certificate...

2014-01-01

20

Ethnic Identity, Neighborhood Risk, and Adolescent Drug and Sex Attitudes and Refusal Efficacy: The Urban African American Girls' Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of ethnic identity and neighborhood risk on drug and sex attitudes and refusal efficacy among early adolescent urban African American females (n = 175). The model also predicted a moderating relationship of ethnic identity on neighborhood risk for drug and sex attitudes and refusal efficacy. Data were collected as…

Corneille, Maya A.; Belgrave, Faye Z.

2007-01-01

21

Gender Differences in Drug Resistance Skills of Youth in Guanajuato, Mexico  

PubMed Central

Research is limited or absent on Mexican adolescents’ exposure to substance offers, ways of dealing with these offers, and possible gender differences in responses to offers. Extending U.S.-based research, this study examines how youth living in the Mexican state of Guanajuato employ the four drug resistance strategies—refuse, explain, avoid, and leave—that are part of the Keepin’ It REAL evidence-based drug prevention intervention. The analysis uses cross-sectional survey data from 702 students enrolled in eight alternative secondary education sites in 2007. Participants reported the drug resistance behaviors they used to deal with offers of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana. Using multivariate regression, findings indicate most youth had developed repertoires of drug resistance strategies that involved multiple REAL strategies and some other strategy as well. For those receiving offers, the most common strategy was to refuse the offer with a simple ‘‘no.’’ However, males used all the strategies significantly more often than females for situations involving cigarettes and marijuana as well as when using refuse and non-REAL strategies for alcohol. Possible reasons for the gender difference in use of strategies are discussed. The findings can help inform effective prevention programs based on teaching culturally appropriate drug resistance and communication skills. PMID:21424398

Marsiglia, Flavio F.; Ayers, Stephanie L.; Calderón-Tena, Carlos O.; Nuño-Gutiérrez, Bertha L.

2011-01-01

22

"I No Like Get Caught Using Drugs": Explanations for Refusal as a Drug-Resistance Strategy for Rural Native Hawaiian Youths  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study examines the use of explanations for refusal as a drug-resistance strategy for rural Native Hawaiian youths. Fourteen gender-specific focus groups were conducted within seven middle or intermediate schools on the Island of Hawai'i (N = 64). Participants were asked to describe drug-resistance strategies in response to 15…

Okamoto, Scott K.; Helm, Susana; Giroux, Danielle; Kaliades, Alexis

2011-01-01

23

A Condom Skill Scale: Assessing Condom Skills among Female Drug Users.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describe the development and properties of a scale measuring demonstrated condom use skill using a sample of 261 drug-using women. Analysis of scale scores revealed high levels of condom skill among the population. Preliminary analysis suggests that the Condom Skill Scale is a potentially valid and reliable instrument, and may have application as…

Farris, Coreen A.; Fenaughty, Andrea M.; Lindemann, Dana F.

2003-01-01

24

21 CFR 314.127 - Refusal to approve an abbreviated new drug application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...pharmacological or therapeutic class as those of the reference listed drug and that the drug product can be expected to have the same therapeutic effect as the reference listed drug when administered to patients for each condition of use approved...

2013-04-01

25

21 CFR 314.127 - Refusal to approve an abbreviated new drug application.  

...pharmacological or therapeutic class as those of the reference listed drug and that the drug product can be expected to have the same therapeutic effect as the reference listed drug when administered to patients for each condition of use approved...

2014-04-01

26

21 CFR 314.127 - Refusal to approve an abbreviated new drug application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...pharmacological or therapeutic class as those of the reference listed drug and that the drug product can be expected to have the same therapeutic effect as the reference listed drug when administered to patients for each condition of use approved...

2012-04-01

27

Academic skills of chronically unemployed drug-addicted adults  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND The strong association between unemployment and drug addiction suggests that employment interventions are an important and needed focus of drug-addiction treatment. The increasing necessity of possessing basic academic skills to function in the workplace may require that some individuals receive educational training along with vocational training. OBJECTIVE This study investigated the academic skills of drug-addicted and chronically-unemployed adults (N = 559) who were enrolled in one of six studies conducted at the Center for Learning and Health in Baltimore, MD. METHODS Upon study enrollment, academic skills in math, spelling, and reading were examined using the Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT-3 or WRAT-4) and educational history was examined using the Addiction Severity Index–Lite. RESULTS Although participants completed an average of 11 years of education, actual academic skill level was at or below the seventh grade level for 81% of participants in math, 61% in spelling, and 43% in reading, and most participants were classified as Low Average or below based on age group norms. Despite the fact that participants in this analysis were studied across several years and were from diverse populations, rates of high school completion and academic skill levels were remarkably similar. CONCLUSIONS Programs designed to improve the long-term employment status of drug-addicted individuals may benefit from the inclusion of basic adult education; future research on the topic is needed. Although establishing basic skills does not directly address chronic unemployment, it may help individuals obtain the jobs they desire and function effectively in those jobs. PMID:25635162

Holtyn, August F.; DeFulio, Anthony; Silverman, Kenneth

2014-01-01

28

EXPANDING URBAN AMERICAN INDIAN YOUTHS’ REPERTOIRE OF DRUG RESISTANCE SKILLS: PILOT RESULTS FROM A CULTURALLY ADAPTED PREVENTION PROGRAM  

PubMed Central

This article examines changes in the drug resistance strategies used by urban American Indian (UAI) middle school students during a pilot test of a substance use prevention curriculum designed specifically for UAI youth, Living in 2 Worlds (L2W). L2W teaches four drug resistance strategies (refuse, explain, avoid, leave [R-E-A-L]) in culturally appropriate ways. Data come from 57 UAI students (53% female; mean age = 12.5 years) who participated in L2W during an academic enrichment class for Native youth at two Phoenix schools. Students completed a pre-test questionnaire before the L2W lessons and a post-test 7 months later. Questions assessed the use of R-E-A-L and alternative strategies commonly reported by UAI youth (change the subject, use humor). Tests of mean differences from pre-test to post-test showed significant increases in use of refuse, R-E-A-L repertoire. Use of more passive strategies (avoid, use humor) did not change significantly, except for change the subject, which increased. Changes in the use of strategies did not differ significantly by gender, age, school grades, parental education, or length of urban residence. The L2W curriculum appears effective in teaching culturally relevant communication strategies that expand UAI youths’ repertoire of drug resistance skills. PMID:23529769

Kulis, Stephen; Dustman, Patricia A.; Brown, Eddie F.; Martinez, Marcos

2013-01-01

29

School Refusal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School attendance is an ongoing concern for administrators, particularly in middle level and high school. Frequent absences affect student learning, test scores, and social development. Absenteeism is often the result of emotional disorders, such as anxiety or depression. Administrators who understand the causes of school refusal behavior and are…

Wimmer, Mary

2008-01-01

30

49 CFR 40.191 - What is a refusal to take a DOT drug test, and what are the consequences?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...only if the pre-employment test is conducted following a contingent...employment, the MRO will cancel the test; or (8) Fail to cooperate...process. (10) Possess or wear a prosthetic or other device...verified adulterated or substituted test result, you have refused...

2010-10-01

31

Expanding Urban American Indian Youths' Repertoire of Drug Resistance Skills: Pilot Results from a Culturally Adapted Prevention Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines changes in the drug resistance strategies used by urban American Indian (UAI) middle school students during a pilot test of a substance use prevention curriculum designed specifically for UAI youth, "Living in 2 Worlds" (L2W). L2W teaches four drug resistance strategies (refuse, explain, avoid, leave [R-E-A-L]) in culturally…

Kulis, Stephen; Dustman, Patricia A.; Brown, Eddie F.; Martinez, Marcos

2013-01-01

32

Alcohol and Drug Prevention Curriculum Resource Guide Grades 10-12: Communication Skills--English IV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum resource guide on alcohol and drug prevention provides suggested activities for teachers of grades 10 through 12. Four integrated learning activities for communication skills/ English IV and healthful living are presented. Communication skills/literature goals include experiencing young adult literature, using effective techniques…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Alcohol and Drug Defense Program.

33

21 CFR 316.14 - Refusal to provide written recommendations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE ORPHAN DRUGS Written Recommendations for Investigations of Orphan Drugs § 316.14 Refusal to provide written recommendations. (a) FDA may...

2010-04-01

34

School Refuser Child Identities  

Microsoft Academic Search

“School refuser” is an always-already negative child identity. The term is used to categorize children or adolescents who appear to dislike and fear school (or aspects of school) and persistently refuse to attend or attend very unwillingly. Given that school attendance is generally considered a necessary social good, regular and anxious refusal to attend is usually understood as problematic, maladaptive

Emma Stroobant; Alison Jones

2006-01-01

35

Drug-Alcohol Interactions on Psychomotor Skills: Zopiclone and Flunitrazepam  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interaction between alcohol and zopiclone or flunitrazepam as well as the residual effects of both these hypnotics were studied in 20 normal male volunteers who received each 3 of 6 different drug and drink combinations according to a balanced incomplete block design as follows: placebo, zopiclone (7.5 mg), or flunitrazepam (2 mg) was administered double-blind in identical capsules at 23.00

T. Seppälä; E. Nuotto; J. F. Dreyfus

1983-01-01

36

Minimum Knowledge and Skills Objectives for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication brings together statements concerning the minimum knowledge and skills objectives in alcohol and other drug abuse determined by the professional organizations of six medical specialties: pediatrics; emergency medicine; obstetrics and gynecology; psychiatry; general internal medicine; and family medicine for undergraduate,…

American Psychiatric Association, Hartford, CT.

37

Recycling refuse into energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some 50 percent of large cities and 10 percent of small ones reportedly are talking about recycling their municipal refuse. Several are building facilities or have recently begun operations. Short case histories are given of a few of the more notable ones, including Ames, Iowa (the organic fraction of whose refuse helps fuel the furnace at the municipal electric generating

Godfey; K. A. Jr

1976-01-01

38

Effect of Life Skills Training on Drug Abuse Preventive Behaviors among University Students  

PubMed Central

Background: Drug abuse is now-a-days one of the gravest social harms. Recent years have experienced a drastic rise in drug abuse among school and university students. Thus, the need for special attention to the issue is deemed important. The present study was conducted with the aim of assessing the impact of life skills training on promotion of drug abuse preventive behaviors. Methods: This field trial experimental study was conducted on 60 students of Gonabad Medical University selected through quota random sampling and assigned randomly into two Intervention and control groups. Data were collected through a questionnaire, including two sections of demographic information and drug abuse preventive behaviors. The questionnaire was first assessed as to its validity and reliability and then administered both before and after educational intervention and also as a follow-up 4 years after intervention – Data were then analyzed using t-tests and Chi-square. Results: Comparison of post-test mean scores of drug abuse preventive behaviors of both groups showed a significant difference (P < 0.01) which remained stable 4 years after intervention. There was a significant relationship between father's educational level and drug abuse preventive behaviors (P < 0.01). Conclusions: Life skills’ training is effective in the promotion of drug abuse preventive behaviors of university students. PMID:24932389

Moshki, Mahdi; Hassanzade, Tahere; Taymoori, Parvaneh

2014-01-01

39

A Workshop Series Using Peer-grading to Build Drug Information, Writing, Critical-thinking, and Constructive Feedback Skills.  

PubMed

Objective. To utilize a skills-based workshop series to develop pharmacy students' drug information, writing, critical-thinking, and evaluation skills during the final didactic year of training. Design. A workshop series was implemented to focus on written (researched) responses to drug information questions. These workshops used blinded peer-grading to facilitate timely feedback and strengthen assessment skills. Each workshop was aligned to the didactic coursework content to complement and extend learning, while bridging and advancing research, writing, and critical thinking skills. Assessment. Attainment of knowledge and skills was assessed by rubric-facilitated peer grades, faculty member grading, peer critique, and faculty member-guided discussion of drug information responses. Annual instructor and course evaluations consistently revealed favorable student feedback regarding workshop value. Conclusion. A drug information workshop series using peer-grading as the primary assessment tool was successfully implemented and was well received by pharmacy students. PMID:25657378

Davis, Lindsay E

2014-12-15

40

A Workshop Series Using Peer-grading to Build Drug Information, Writing, Critical-thinking, and Constructive Feedback Skills  

PubMed Central

Objective. To utilize a skills-based workshop series to develop pharmacy students’ drug information, writing, critical-thinking, and evaluation skills during the final didactic year of training. Design. A workshop series was implemented to focus on written (researched) responses to drug information questions. These workshops used blinded peer-grading to facilitate timely feedback and strengthen assessment skills. Each workshop was aligned to the didactic coursework content to complement and extend learning, while bridging and advancing research, writing, and critical thinking skills. Assessment. Attainment of knowledge and skills was assessed by rubric-facilitated peer grades, faculty member grading, peer critique, and faculty member-guided discussion of drug information responses. Annual instructor and course evaluations consistently revealed favorable student feedback regarding workshop value. Conclusion. A drug information workshop series using peer-grading as the primary assessment tool was successfully implemented and was well received by pharmacy students.

2014-01-01

41

49 CFR 219.213 - Unlawful refusals; consequences.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CONTROL OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE Post-Accident Toxicological Testing § 219.213 Unlawful...breath, blood or urine specimens following...refused to submit to testing, having been requested...within the mandatory testing requirements of...

2010-10-01

42

Oregon Driver Education. Alcohol/Drugs and Driving.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum unit contains 10 modules, to be used in 10 driver education class sessions, on driving under the influence of alcohol and/or other drugs (DUI). The unit aims to combat the Oregon DUI problem, especially among 15- to 24-year-olds, with values clarification, awareness of risk factors and personal boundaries, refusal skills, social…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem. Div. of Curriculum and School Improvement.

43

21 CFR 516.147 - Refuse to file a request for addition to the index.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Refuse to file a request for addition to the index. 516.147 Section 516.147 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...Marketed Unapproved New Animal Drugs for Minor Species § 516.147 Refuse to file a request for addition to...

2010-04-01

44

49 CFR 40.261 - What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences? 40...PROCEDURES FOR TRANSPORTATION WORKPLACE DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAMS Problems in Alcohol Testing § 40.261 What is a refusal...

2010-10-01

45

49 CFR 40.261 - What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences? 40...PROCEDURES FOR TRANSPORTATION WORKPLACE DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAMS Problems in Alcohol Testing § 40.261 What is a refusal...

2012-10-01

46

49 CFR 40.261 - What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences? 40...PROCEDURES FOR TRANSPORTATION WORKPLACE DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAMS Problems in Alcohol Testing § 40.261 What is a refusal...

2011-10-01

47

49 CFR 40.261 - What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false What is a refusal to take an alcohol test, and what are the consequences? 40...PROCEDURES FOR TRANSPORTATION WORKPLACE DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAMS Problems in Alcohol Testing § 40.261 What is a refusal...

2013-10-01

48

21 CFR 516.131 - Refuse to file a request for determination of eligibility for indexing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS NEW ANIMAL DRUGS FOR MINOR USE AND MINOR SPECIES Index of Legally Marketed Unapproved New Animal Drugs for Minor Species § 516.131 Refuse to file a request for determination...

2011-04-01

49

21 CFR 516.147 - Refuse to file a request for addition to the index.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS NEW ANIMAL DRUGS FOR MINOR USE AND MINOR SPECIES Index of Legally Marketed Unapproved New Animal Drugs for Minor Species § 516.147 Refuse to file a request for addition to...

2011-04-01

50

21 CFR 516.147 - Refuse to file a request for addition to the index.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS NEW ANIMAL DRUGS FOR MINOR USE AND MINOR SPECIES Index of Legally Marketed Unapproved New Animal Drugs for Minor Species § 516.147 Refuse to file a request for addition to...

2013-04-01

51

21 CFR 516.131 - Refuse to file a request for determination of eligibility for indexing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS NEW ANIMAL DRUGS FOR MINOR USE AND MINOR SPECIES Index of Legally Marketed Unapproved New Animal Drugs for Minor Species § 516.131 Refuse to file a request for determination...

2012-04-01

52

21 CFR 516.147 - Refuse to file a request for addition to the index.  

...CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS NEW ANIMAL DRUGS FOR MINOR USE AND MINOR SPECIES Index of Legally Marketed Unapproved New Animal Drugs for Minor Species § 516.147 Refuse to file a request for addition to...

2014-04-01

53

21 CFR 516.147 - Refuse to file a request for addition to the index.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS NEW ANIMAL DRUGS FOR MINOR USE AND MINOR SPECIES Index of Legally Marketed Unapproved New Animal Drugs for Minor Species § 516.147 Refuse to file a request for addition to...

2012-04-01

54

21 CFR 516.131 - Refuse to file a request for determination of eligibility for indexing.  

...CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS NEW ANIMAL DRUGS FOR MINOR USE AND MINOR SPECIES Index of Legally Marketed Unapproved New Animal Drugs for Minor Species § 516.131 Refuse to file a request for determination...

2014-04-01

55

21 CFR 516.131 - Refuse to file a request for determination of eligibility for indexing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS NEW ANIMAL DRUGS FOR MINOR USE AND MINOR SPECIES Index of Legally Marketed Unapproved New Animal Drugs for Minor Species § 516.131 Refuse to file a request for determination...

2013-04-01

56

21 CFR 516.131 - Refuse to file a request for determination of eligibility for indexing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...request for determination of eligibility for indexing. 516.131 Section 516.131 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...Marketed Unapproved New Animal Drugs for Minor Species § 516.131 Refuse to file a request for determination...

2010-04-01

57

49 CFR 655.46 - Return to duty following refusal to submit to a test, verified positive drug test result and/or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...submit to a test, verified positive drug test result and/or breath alcohol test result of 0.04 or greater. 655.46 Section 655...submit to a test, verified positive drug test result and/or breath alcohol test result of...

2011-10-01

58

49 CFR 655.46 - Return to duty following refusal to submit to a test, verified positive drug test result and/or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...submit to a test, verified positive drug test result and/or breath alcohol test result of 0.04 or greater. 655.46 Section 655...submit to a test, verified positive drug test result and/or breath alcohol test result of...

2010-10-01

59

33 CFR 401.89 - Transit refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Transit refused. 401.89 Section 401... Regulations General § 401.89 Transit refused. (a) An officer may refuse to allow a vessel to transit when, (1) The vessel is not...

2010-07-01

60

33 CFR 401.89 - Transit refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Transit refused. 401.89 Section 401... Regulations General § 401.89 Transit refused. (a) An officer may refuse to allow a vessel to transit when, (1) The vessel is not...

2012-07-01

61

33 CFR 401.89 - Transit refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Transit refused. 401.89 Section 401... Regulations General § 401.89 Transit refused. (a) An officer may refuse to allow a vessel to transit when, (1) The vessel is not...

2011-07-01

62

33 CFR 401.89 - Transit refused.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Transit refused. 401.89 Section 401... Regulations General § 401.89 Transit refused. (a) An officer may refuse to allow a vessel to transit when, (1) The vessel is not...

2014-07-01

63

33 CFR 401.89 - Transit refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Transit refused. 401.89 Section 401... Regulations General § 401.89 Transit refused. (a) An officer may refuse to allow a vessel to transit when, (1) The vessel is not...

2013-07-01

64

21 CFR 314.160 - Approval of an application or abbreviated application for which approval was previously refused...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE APPLICATIONS FOR FDA APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW DRUG FDA Action on Applications...application for which approval was previously refused... Upon the Food and Drug...

2010-04-01

65

Effectiveness of Culturally Focused and Generic Skills Training Approaches to Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention Among Minority Youths  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors tested the effectiveness of 2 alcohol and drug abuse prevention programs among inner-city minority 7th-grade students (N = 639) from 6 New York City public schools. Schools were randomly assigned to receive (a) a generic skills training prevention approach, (b) a culturally focused prevention approach, or (c) an information-only control. Results indicate that students in both prevention approaches

Gilbert J. Botvin; Steven P. Schinke; Jennifer A. Epstein; Tracy Diaz

1994-01-01

66

Identification and characteristics of vaccine refusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the utility of immunization registries in identifying vaccine refusals among children. Among refusers, we studied their socioeconomic characteristics and health care utilization patterns. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed to validate refusal status in the immunization registries of two health plans. Racial, education, and income characteristics of children claiming refusal were collected based on the census tract

Feifei Wei; John P Mullooly; Mike Goodman; Maribet C McCarty; Ann M Hanson; Bradley Crane; James D Nordin

2009-01-01

67

Recent Perspectives Concerning School Refusal Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the literature regarding school refusal was conducted. It was found that the term School Refusal Behavior has gone through many changes. These changes encompass nomenclature, etiology, and treatment. The names used to describe the behavior of school refusal have ranged from truancy in the 1930s to School Refusal Behavior in the 1990s.…

Witts, Benjamin; Houlihan, Daniel

2007-01-01

68

49 CFR 199.223 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test. 199.223 Section 199.223 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) PIPELINE SAFETY DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING Alcohol Misuse Prevention Program § 199.223...

2010-10-01

69

49 CFR 199.223 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test. 199.223 Section 199.223 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) PIPELINE SAFETY DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING Alcohol Misuse Prevention Program § 199.223...

2013-10-01

70

49 CFR 199.223 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test. 199.223 Section 199.223 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) PIPELINE SAFETY DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING Alcohol Misuse Prevention Program § 199.223...

2011-10-01

71

49 CFR 199.223 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol test. 199.223 Section 199.223 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) PIPELINE SAFETY DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING Alcohol Misuse Prevention Program § 199.223...

2012-10-01

72

Refuse to Crash with Re-FUSE Swaminathan Sundararaman  

E-print Network

primary reasons. First, when a file system crashes, manual intervention is of- ten required to repair any of time and decrease availability dramatically, re- quiring costly human time to repair. Second, crashes framework around FUSE which hides many file- system crashes from users; Re-FUSE simply restarts the file

Liblit, Ben

73

Assessing the Determinants of School Refusal Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report defines school refusal behavior as the refusal to attend school or difficulties going to school or remaining in school for the entire day, and sees school refusal as a significant problem that may occur in 8% of all school-aged children. It discusses difficulties of previous classification and assessment strategies for students who…

Kearney, Christopher; Silverman, Wendy

74

Vertical combustor for refuse combustion  

SciTech Connect

A vertical combustor for refuse-particle combustion was analyzed for waste-to-energy recovery. A one-dimensional model was constructed that consisted of fuel particles, inert solid particles, and the gaseous mixture. The gaseous mixture was divided further into six chemical species that are involved in combustion at temperatures below about 2000/sup 0/F. It was concluded that such combustors may be viable in the United States since US refuse contains large amounts of volatile matter. Combustion of the relatively small char, however, may not be cost-effective in the present combustor where the fuel residence time is on the order of 2 s for a combustor height of 20 to 30 ft. A computer solution was designed to optimize a given combustor system. A simplified version of the solution was programmed for a TI-59 programmable hand calculator for field use.

Chung, P.M.

1981-06-01

75

Vertical combustor for refuse combustion  

Microsoft Academic Search

A vertical combustor for refuse-particle combustion was analyzed for waste-to-energy recovery. A one-dimensional model was constructed that consisted of fuel particles, inert solid particles, and the gaseous mixture. The gaseous mixture was divided further into six chemical species that are involved in combustion at temperatures below about 2000°F. It was concluded that such combustors may be viable in the United

Chung

1981-01-01

76

The Youngest Case of Pervasive Refusal Syndrome?  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, the youngest previously recorded case of pervasive refusal syndrome (PRS) was eight years old. A four-year-old Australian-born Chinese boy presented to a tertiary paediatric referral centre with a four-week history of food refusal and selective mutism; he was severely dehydrated and marasmic. During admission several behavioural problems were noted including: persistent refusal to eat or drink, obsessions with

Sharon Taylor; David R. Dossetor; Henry Kilham; Elizabeth Bernard

2000-01-01

77

Comparison of the Effects of Cooperative Learning and Traditional Learning Methods on the Improvement of Drug-Dose Calculation Skills of Nursing Students Undergoing Internships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of cooperative learning and traditional learning methods on the development of drug-calculation skills. Design: Final-year nursing students ("n" = 85) undergoing internships during the 2010-2011 academic year at a nursing school constituted the study group of this…

Basak, Tulay; Yildiz, Dilek

2014-01-01

78

Binder enhanced refuse derived fuel  

DOEpatents

A refuse derived fuel (RDF) pellet having about 11% or more particulate calcium hydroxide which is utilized in a combustionable mixture. The pellets are used in a particulate fuel bring a mixture of 10% or more, on a heat equivalent basis, of the RDF pellet which contains calcium hydroxide as a binder, with 50% or more, on a heat equivalent basis, of a sulphur containing coal. Combustion of the mixture is effective to produce an effluent gas from the combustion zone having a reduced SO.sub.2 and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content of effluent gas from similar combustion materials not containing the calcium hydroxide.

Daugherty, Kenneth E. (Lewisville, TX); Venables, Barney J. (Denton, TX); Ohlsson, Oscar O. (Naperville, IL)

1996-01-01

79

Treatment Refusal Among Patients With Psoriasis.  

PubMed

Abstract Background. Treatment refusal, which is defined as a patient actively refusing to take treatment despite physician recommendations, has never been evaluated in psoriasis. Objective. To investigate refusal of topical treatments by patients living with psoriasis in France. Methods: Using responses to an internet study, participants who refused topical treatment (n = 50) were compared to those who applied topical treatment (n = 205). Participants undergoing phototherapy, biotherapy, and oral treatment were excluded. Spearman rank correlations completed by Fisher's exact tests and Student's t-tests were performed. Results. Comorbidities, localization of lesions, and symptoms associated with psoriasis were not significant predictors of treatment refusal. Compared to patients who accepted treatment, more patients who refused treatment believed that psoriasis is not manageable (80.0% versus 61.5%; p=0.01), that psoriasis treatments never work (58.0% versus 27.5%; OR: 2.09 p<0.0001), and that all creams have the same effects (54.0% versus 31.7%; OR: 1.7, p=0.003). Among patients who reported seeking medical attention from physicians, more patients in the treatment refusal group reported some level of dissatisfaction with their relationship with their physician than in the treatment acceptance group. Limitations. The validity of the self-reported treatment refusal could not be evaluated. Conclusion. Treatment refusal is an important element to be taken into consideration in the management of psoriasis. PMID:25428572

Halioua, Bruno; Maury Le Breton, Agathe; de Fontaubert, Anouk; Roussel, Marie-Emilie; Stalder, Jean-François

2014-11-27

80

Pragmatic Transfer in Thai EFL Refusals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication breakdowns can occur during cross-cultural communication due to different perceptions and interpretations of appropriateness and politeness. This study investigates similarities and differences between refusals in American English and Thai and incidences of pragmatic transfer by Thai EFL learners when making refusals. The…

Wannaruk, Anchalee

2008-01-01

81

Effective Intervention for School Refusal Behaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation of successful professional intervention for two case studies of female adolescents' school refusal behaviour is presented. Data gathered from the young person, professionals, and parents in each case are synthesised to propose a multi-level, ecologically situated model of intervention for school refusal behaviour. The proposed…

Nuttall, Clare; Woods, Kevin

2013-01-01

82

Coal-cleaning plant refuse characterization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes a study performed for the Electric Power Research Institute's Coal Cleaning Test Facility in Homer City, Pennsylvania. The purpose of the study was to design a standard methods for chemically and physically classifying refuse generated by physical coal cleaning and to construct a matrix that will accurately predict how a particular refuse will react to particular disposal

J. R. Cavalet; E. R. Torak

1985-01-01

83

Caregivers Who Refuse Preventive Care for Their Children: The Relationship Between Immunization and Topical Fluoride Refusal  

PubMed Central

Objectives. The aim of this study was to examine caregivers’ refusal of preventive medical and dental care for children. Methods. Prevalence rates of topical fluoride refusal based on dental records and caregiver self-reports were estimated for children treated in 3 dental clinics in Washington State. A 60-item survey was administered to 1024 caregivers to evaluate the association between immunization and topical fluoride refusal. Modified Poisson regression models were used to estimate prevalence rate ratios (PRRs). Results. The prevalence of topical fluoride refusal was 4.9% according to dental records and 12.7% according to caregiver self-reports. The rate of immunization refusal was 27.4%. In the regression models, immunization refusal was significantly associated with topical fluoride refusal (dental record PRR?=?1.61; 95% confidence interval [CI]?=?1.32, 1.96; P?refuse both immunizations and topical fluoride (P?refusal of immunizations is associated with topical fluoride refusal. Future research should identify the behavioral and social factors related to caregiver refusal of preventive care with the goal of developing multidisciplinary strategies to help caregivers make optimal preventive care decisions for children. PMID:24832428

2014-01-01

84

Leachate recirculation between alternating aged refuse bioreactors and its effect on refuse decomposition.  

PubMed

In a sequencing batch bioreactor landfill system which combined a fresh and an aged refuse bioreactor, blockage occurred frequently in the aged refuse bioreactor during the treatment of leachate from the fresh refuse bioreactor. To overcome this problem, another aged refuse bioreactor was added, when blockage occurred, the two aged refuse bioreactor operated alternatively. A fresh refuse bioreactor F combined with two alternating aged refuse bioreactors A1 and A2 was called alternate recirculation process (ARP) in this study. The bioreactor system was operated in three stages, and the three bioreactors were exposed to air to facilitate surface re-aeration. The effect of the ARP on the accelerated degradation of fresh refuse was compared before and after blockage occurs in A1. The results indicated that ARP can improve the leachate production rate. The average daily net production rates of leachate in Stages 2 and 3 were approximately 2.1 and 1.6 mL (kgrefuse d)(-1), respectively, which exceeded that of Stage 1 (1.3 mL (kg refuse d)(-1)). The chemical oxygen demand and NH3-N concentrations of the leachate from Stage 1 are 1000 and 25mgL(-1) after 2.1 and 2.7 y, respectively. For Stages 2 and 3, these concentrations reach approximately after 0.877 and 1.3 y. Faster refuse settlement was observed in Stages 2 and 3, with an average daily settlement of approximately 0.11%, as compared with Stage 1 (approximately 0.099%). ARP can accelerate the biodegradation of the fresh refuse and overcome the problem of the blockage in the aged refuse reactor. PMID:24645462

Sun, Xiaojie; Sun, Yingjie; Zhao, Youcai; Wang, Ya-Nan

2014-01-01

85

62 FR 15903 - Discovery Experimental and Development, Inc.; Denial of a Hearing and Refusal to Approve a New...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Development, Inc.; Denial of a Hearing and Refusal to Approve a New Drug Application...Commissioner) is denying a request for a hearing and is issuing an order under the Federal...Discovery requested an opportunity for a hearing after the Food and Drug...

1997-04-03

86

Refusing The Choice: Balancing Life and Work  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Choice The intellect of man is forced to choose perfection of the life, or of the work, And if it take the second must refuse A heavenly mansion, raging in the dark. When all that story's finished, what's the news? In luck or out the toil has left its mark: That old perplexity an empty purse, Or the day's vanity, the night's remorse. William Butler Yeats William Yeats put forward The Choice that I feel too many scientists feel they must make. Too often, many choose to leave science. How do we refuse this choice and find balance between life and our careers? While I don't know the answer, I will share choices that have lead to not perfection but satisfaction in science careers and lives. The role of mentors, supportive spouses, the luck of the job, and flexibility in research directions have all contributed to being able to refuse to choose.

Brooks, J.

2012-12-01

87

Competent patients' refusal of nursing care.  

PubMed

Competent patients' refusals of nursing care do not yet have the legal or ethical standing of refusals of life-sustaining medical therapies such as mechanical ventilation or blood products. The case of a woman who refused turning and incontinence management owing to pain prompted us to examine these situations. We noted several special features: lack of paradigm cases, social taboo around unmanaged incontinence, the distinction between ordinary versus extraordinary care, and the moral distress experienced by nurses. We examined this case on the merits and limitations of five well-known ethical positions: pure autonomy, conscientious objection, paternalism, communitarianism, and feminism. We found each lacking and argue for a 'negotiated reliance' response where nurses and others tread as lightly as possible on the patient's autonomy while negotiating a compromise, but are obligated to match the patient's sacrifice by extending themselves beyond their usual professional practice. PMID:17193802

Dudzinski, Denise M; Shannon, Sarah E

2006-11-01

88

Coal-cleaning plant refuse characterization  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a study performed for the Electric Power Research Institute's Coal Cleaning Test Facility in Homer City, Pennsylvania. The purpose of the study was to design a standard methods for chemically and physically classifying refuse generated by physical coal cleaning and to construct a matrix that will accurately predict how a particular refuse will react to particular disposal methods - based solely on raw-coal characteristics and the process used to clean the coal. The value of such a classification system (which has not existed to this point) is the ability to design efficient and economical systems for disposing of specific coal cleaning refuse. The report describes the project's literature search and a four-tier classification system. It also provides designs for test piles, sampling procedures, and guidelines for a series of experiments to test the classfication system and create an accurate, reliable predictive matrix. 38 refs., 39 figs., 35 tabs.

Cavalet, J.R.; Torak, E.R.

1985-06-01

89

9 CFR 93.806 - Animals refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Elephants, Hippopotami, Rhinoceroses, and Tapirs § 93.806 Animals refused entry. Any elephant, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, or tapir refused entry into the United States for noncompliance with the...

2012-01-01

90

9 CFR 93.806 - Animals refused entry.  

...CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Elephants, Hippopotami, Rhinoceroses, and Tapirs § 93.806 Animals refused entry. Any elephant, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, or tapir refused entry into the United States for noncompliance with the...

2014-01-01

91

9 CFR 93.806 - Animals refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Elephants, Hippopotami, Rhinoceroses, and Tapirs § 93.806 Animals refused entry. Any elephant, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, or tapir refused entry into the United States for noncompliance with the...

2013-01-01

92

30 CFR 817.83 - Coal mine waste: Refuse piles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1) If the disposal area contains springs, natural or manmade water...refuse pile. Runoff from areas above the refuse...site. All disturbed areas, including diversion...riprapped or otherwise protected, shall be...

2010-07-01

93

IMPACT OF COAL REFUSE DISPOSAL ON GROUNDWATER  

EPA Science Inventory

The objective of this study was to determine the extent of groundwater quality deterioration when coal mine refuse and power plant ashes were disposed of in open pits. In addition, disposal methods were developed and procedures for planning and designing disposal sites were formu...

94

Refuse incinerator electrostatic precipitator installation. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the specifications, notice to bidders, instruction to bidders, proposal, contract, bonding information and general conditions for the construction and installation of a refuse incinerator pollution control device (electrostatic precipitator). The installation will be used in Dearborn Heights, Michigan during the combustion of municipal solid wastes. (DMC)

Not Available

1984-09-01

95

Processing the plastics from urban refuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

In conjunction with its research program on the separation, recovery, and recycling of metal, mineral, and energy-based materials in urban refuse, the Bureau of Mines is developing means to reuse and recycle plastics discarded in raw municipal waste. Experimental work on plastic waste from a community collection has produced some guidelines for systematic methods of processing, including air classification, cleaning,

J. L. Holman; J. B. Stephenson; J. W. Jensen

1972-01-01

96

Resource recovery from raw urban refuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

At its College Park Metallurgy Research Center in Maryland, the Bureau of Mines has installed and is operating a 5-ton-per-hour pilot plant for continuous mechanical separation of values contained in raw urban refuse. The entire system was assembled using commercially available equipment. The process relies on multistage processing including shredding, air classification, screening, gravity concentration, and electrostatic separation. Compactor trucks

P. M. Sullivan; M. H. Stanczyk; M. J. Spendlove

1973-01-01

97

Treatment of Leachate by Aged-Refuse-based Biofilter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Refuse in landfills becomes stabilized or aged, as organic matter in the refuse gradually degrades and as the soluble inorganic substances dissolve during its long-term stabilization process. Within this paper, this process is referred to as mineralization process and the resultant stabilized or essentially stabilized refuse is referred as \\

Zhao Youcai; Li Hua; Wu Jun; Gu Guowei

2002-01-01

98

19 CFR 12.114 - Release or refusal of delivery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Release or refusal of delivery. 12.114 Section 12.114 Customs... § 12.114 Release or refusal of delivery. If the completed Notice of Arrival...Arrival directs the port director to refuse delivery of the shipment, the shipment...

2012-04-01

99

19 CFR 12.114 - Release or refusal of delivery.  

...2014-04-01 false Release or refusal of delivery. 12.114 Section 12.114 Customs... § 12.114 Release or refusal of delivery. If the completed Notice of Arrival...Arrival directs the port director to refuse delivery of the shipment, the shipment...

2014-04-01

100

28 CFR 345.34 - Refusal to employ.  

...34 Refusal to employ. (a) The SOI has authority to refuse an FPI assignment to an inmate who, in the judgment...listing reasons for the refusal, with a copy to the position classification files in FPI. Typically, the reasons should include...

2014-07-01

101

The Functional Profiles of School Refusal BehaviorDiagnostic Aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

School refusal behavior is a common problem seen by mental health professionals and by educators but little consensus is available as to its classification, assessment, and treatment. This study assessed 143 youth with primary school refusal behavior and their parents to examine diagnoses that are most commonly associated with proposed functions of school refusal behavior. As expected, results indicated that

Christopher A. Kearney; Anne Marie Albano

2004-01-01

102

Resolving cognitive dissonance by acquisition of self-organizational skills may decrease drug-resistant seizures — A case report  

PubMed Central

A recent review of psychobehavioral therapy for epilepsy recommends case reports as a research design to explore specific psychological mediators of psychobehavioral interventions for epilepsy that address the bidirectional relationship between psychological states and seizures. The report was prepared according to the consensus-based CARE guidelines for standardized clinical case reporting. This is a case of a 16-year-old male individual with a diagnosed seizure disorder and learning disability who continued to have daytime and nighttime seizures on a regular basis despite exhausting of available conventional treatment options. A psychological assessment led to the working hypothesis that cognitive dissonance between fear of failure and high expectations of self had led to a “broken” self-image and active avoidance of responsibility that resulted in intense emotional distress which correlated with the occurrence of seizures. This working hypothesis resulted in a treatment plan that employed the acquisition of self-organizational skills and relaxation techniques as the main therapeutic strategy. Motivational strategies were employed to facilitate the regulation of lifestyle-related seizure precipitants. In this case, the acquisition of self-organizational skills and the development of seizure interruption techniques correlated with a clinically significant decrease of seizures. Methodological limitations of the interpretation of the presented data are discussed.

Michaelis, Rosa; Andrews, Donna J.; Reiter, Joel M.; von Schoen-Angerer, Tido

2014-01-01

103

Practical Nursing Education. A Guide for Teaching Basic Concepts and Skills in the Use of Drugs. Pamphlet Number 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to assist teachers in either basic or continuing education programs to convey knowledge, techniques, and attitudes pertaining to drugs, the pamphlet outlines instruction which is estimated to require 70 to 100 hours of which 50 to 80 should be scheduled for classroom work and 20 hours for clinical work. Three units containing concepts…

Smith, Elizabeth M.

104

The use of skilled strategies in social interactions by groups high and low in self-reported social skill.  

PubMed

Individuals high or low in self-reported social skill were recruited opportunistically. When presented with everyday social scenarios ending with an awkward request or offer, the high social skill participants more often used sophisticated strategies that showed greater consideration for all parties. By contrast, the low skill participants were more reliant on simple strategies including acquiescence or refusal, and the emotional tone of their responses was less positive. Greater reliance on sophisticated rather than simple strategies may be linked to more successful social interactions. The potential implications are considered for understanding everyday performance in skilled individuals and populations with limited social skills, such as those with autistic spectrum disorders. PMID:22009524

Channon, Shelley; Collins, Ruth; Swain, Eleanor; Young, Mary-Beth; Fitzpatrick, Sian

2012-07-01

105

Characteristics of older newly diagnosed cancer patients refusing cancer treatments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  With the aging of the population, there will be an increase in the number of older adults diagnosed with cancer. Little is\\u000a known about the characteristics of older newly diagnosed cancer patients who refuse cancer treatment and how often they refuse.\\u000a The aim of this paper was to describe the health and functional status characteristics of patients who refused cancer

Martine T. E. Puts; Johanne Monette; Veronique Girre; Christina Wolfson; Michèle Monette; Gerald Batist; Howard Bergman

2010-01-01

106

Leadership Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists skills identified by the Leadership Development Task Force as being critical skills for a leader. Discussion focuses on information managing skills, including problem solving, decision making, setting goals and objectives; project management; and people managing skills, including interpersonal communications, conflict management, motivation,…

Hutchison, Cathleen; And Others

1988-01-01

107

Drugs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the third volume of "Today's Delinquent," an annual publication of the National Center for Juvenile Justice. This volume deals with the issue of drugs and includes articles by leading authorities in delinquency and substance abuse who share their views on causes and cures for the drug problem among youth in this country.…

Hurst, Hunter, Ed.; And Others

1984-01-01

108

Refusals and Communication Style in American English and Egyptian Arabic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated similarities and differences in Egyptian Arabic and American English refusals, using a modified discourse completion test (DCT) consisting of three requests, three invitations, three offers, and three suggestions. Each situation included one refusal to a person of higher status, one to a person of equal status, and one to a…

Nelson, Gayle L.; Al Batal, Mahmoud; El Bakary, Waguida

109

Optimal Power Train Design of a Hybrid Refuse Collector Vehicle  

E-print Network

Optimal Power Train Design of a Hybrid Refuse Collector Vehicle Tobias Knoke, Joachim Böcker 5251 60 2212 Abstract-- Due to the stop-and-go drive cycle of refuse collector vehicles, hybrid power as an optimization problem with the objectives "minimize fuel consumption" and "minimize vehicle weight

Paderborn, Universität

110

Functional School Refusal Subtypes: Anxiety, Avoidance, and Malingering.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purposes to extend recent efforts concerning school refusal by showing that the three basic subset, anxiety, avoidance, and malingering, are not only functional, but consistent with refusal characteristics, empirical evidence from factor analysis and clinical diagnosis over the past decade, and treatment approaches. Such extension is intended to…

Evans, Larry D.

2000-01-01

111

36 CFR 2.14 - Sanitation and refuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanitation and refuse. 2.14 Section 2.14 Parks, Forests...RESOURCE PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION § 2.14 Sanitation and refuse. (a) The following are prohibited:...

2010-07-01

112

36 CFR 1002.14 - Sanitation and refuse.  

...Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Sanitation and refuse. 1002.14 Section 1002.14 Parks, Forests...RESOURCE PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION § 1002.14 Sanitation and refuse. (a) The following are prohibited:...

2014-07-01

113

36 CFR 1002.14 - Sanitation and refuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Public Property 3 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Sanitation and refuse. 1002.14 Section 1002.14 Parks, Forests...RESOURCE PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION § 1002.14 Sanitation and refuse. (a) The following are prohibited:...

2013-07-01

114

36 CFR 2.14 - Sanitation and refuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Sanitation and refuse. 2.14 Section 2.14 Parks, Forests...RESOURCE PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION § 2.14 Sanitation and refuse. (a) The following are prohibited:...

2011-07-01

115

36 CFR 2.14 - Sanitation and refuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Public Property 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Sanitation and refuse. 2.14 Section 2.14 Parks, Forests...RESOURCE PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION § 2.14 Sanitation and refuse. (a) The following are prohibited:...

2012-07-01

116

36 CFR 1002.14 - Sanitation and refuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Public Property 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Sanitation and refuse. 1002.14 Section 1002.14 Parks, Forests...RESOURCE PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION § 1002.14 Sanitation and refuse. (a) The following are prohibited:...

2012-07-01

117

36 CFR 2.14 - Sanitation and refuse.  

...Public Property 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Sanitation and refuse. 2.14 Section 2.14 Parks, Forests...RESOURCE PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION § 2.14 Sanitation and refuse. (a) The following are prohibited:...

2014-07-01

118

36 CFR 2.14 - Sanitation and refuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Public Property 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sanitation and refuse. 2.14 Section 2.14 Parks, Forests...RESOURCE PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION § 2.14 Sanitation and refuse. (a) The following are prohibited:...

2013-07-01

119

36 CFR 1002.14 - Sanitation and refuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Sanitation and refuse. 1002.14 Section 1002.14 Parks, Forests...RESOURCE PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION § 1002.14 Sanitation and refuse. (a) The following are prohibited:...

2011-07-01

120

36 CFR 1002.14 - Sanitation and refuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanitation and refuse. 1002.14 Section 1002.14 Parks, Forests...RESOURCE PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION § 1002.14 Sanitation and refuse. (a) The following are prohibited:...

2010-07-01

121

Energy recovery from refuse - State-of-the-art  

Microsoft Academic Search

The practice of energy recovery from municipal solid waste is becoming increasingly widespread in North America as the prices of fossil fuels rise. The present state in the technology of energy recovery is discussed relative to the following methods which are at various stages of development: burning raw refuse in steam-generating incinerators, burning prepared refuse in modified existing or new

J. Payne

1976-01-01

122

37 CFR 211.7 - Reconsideration procedure for refusals to register.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Reconsideration procedure for refusals to register. 211.7 Section 211.7 Patents...Reconsideration procedure for refusals to register. The requirements prescribed in...chapter for reconsideration of refusals to register copyright claims are applicable to...

2010-07-01

123

37 CFR 212.7 - Reconsideration procedure for refusals to register.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Reconsideration procedure for refusals to register. 212.7 Section 212.7 Patents...Reconsideration procedure for refusals to register. The requirements prescribed in...chapter for reconsideration of refusals to register copyright claims are applicable to...

2010-07-01

124

37 CFR 202.5 - Reconsideration Procedure for Refusals to Register.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Reconsideration Procedure for Refusals to Register. 202.5 Section 202.5 Patents...Reconsideration Procedure for Refusals to Register. (a) General. This section...of the Copyright Office's refusal to register a claim to copyright, a mask...

2010-07-01

125

Molecular phylogenetic analysis of dominant microbial populations in aged refuse.  

PubMed

The phylogenetic analysis of dominant microbial populations in 8-year-old refuse samples was done in terms of the whole Bacterial and Archaeal domains. The results indicated that the Bacterial 16S rRNA genes sequences from the aged refuse were largely affiliated with the genus Bacillus, and that more than 60 % of the Archaeal sequences were closely related to the methanogenic archaeon. Some inferentially identified extremophilic organisms, particularly alkaliphiles and/or halophiles, were noted to be present in the aged refuse. Moreover, molecular evidence for the occurrence of ammonia-oxidizing Archaea in aged refuse was reported, which opens up avenues for elucidating its role in ammonia transformation in landfill systems. It seems reasonable to assume that the highly complex environment within the landfill systems may select for microbial populations with versatile metabolism and strong adaptation. These findings underline the need for further biochemical and ecological study of these organisms in aged refuse. PMID:24129698

He, Yan; Li, Zhihong; Yao, Liping; Zhao, You Cai; Huang, Min Sheng; Zhou, Gong Ming

2014-03-01

126

45 CFR 400.82 - Failure or refusal to accept employability services or employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Failure or refusal to accept employability services or employment. 400...RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for Employability Services and Employment Failure Or Refusal to Accept Employability Services Or Employment §...

2011-10-01

127

45 CFR 400.82 - Failure or refusal to accept employability services or employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Failure or refusal to accept employability services or employment. 400...RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for Employability Services and Employment Failure Or Refusal to Accept Employability Services Or Employment §...

2012-10-01

128

45 CFR 400.82 - Failure or refusal to accept employability services or employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...true Failure or refusal to accept employability services or employment. 400...RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for Employability Services and Employment Failure Or Refusal to Accept Employability Services Or Employment §...

2013-10-01

129

45 CFR 400.82 - Failure or refusal to accept employability services or employment.  

...true Failure or refusal to accept employability services or employment. 400...RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for Employability Services and Employment Failure Or Refusal to Accept Employability Services Or Employment §...

2014-10-01

130

45 CFR 400.82 - Failure or refusal to accept employability services or employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Failure or refusal to accept employability services or employment. 400...RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for Employability Services and Employment Failure Or Refusal to Accept Employability Services Or Employment §...

2010-10-01

131

Skill Set  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With competition to attract quality students into career and technical education programs and many entrants to the workforce inadequately prepared with employability skills, some community colleges have found a way to answer industry's call--they are launching SkillsUSA chapters on campus. In this article, the author features SkillsUSA, a…

Holdsworth, Tom

2007-01-01

132

Jet flames of a refuse derived fuel  

SciTech Connect

This paper is concerned with combustion of a refuse derived fuel in a small-scale flame. The objective is to provide a direct comparison of the RDF flame properties with properties of pulverized coal flames fired under similar boundary conditions. Measurements of temperature, gas composition (O{sub 2}, CO{sub 2}, CO, NO) and burnout have demonstrated fundamental differences between the coal flames and the RDF flames. The pulverized coals ignite in the close vicinity of the burner and most of the combustion is completed within the first 300 ms. Despite the high volatile content of the RDF, its combustion extends far into the furnace and after 1.8 s residence time only a 94% burnout has been achieved. This effect has been attributed not only to the larger particle size of fluffy RDF particles but also to differences in RDF volatiles if compared to coal volatiles. Substantial amounts of oily tars have been observed in the RDF flames even though the flame temperatures exceeded 1300 C. The presence of these tars has enhanced the slagging propensity of RDF flames and rapidly growing deposits of high carbon content have been observed. (author)

Weber, Roman; Kupka, Tomasz; Zajac, Krzysztof [Institute of Energy Process Engineering and Fuel Technology, Clausthal University of Technology, Agicolastrasse 4, 38 678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany)

2009-04-15

133

Drug Resistance Strategies Rural Hawaiian Youth of as a Function of Drug Offerers and Substances: A Community Stakeholder Analysis  

PubMed Central

This study examined the variations in drug resistance strategies endorsed by community members for rural Native Hawaiian youth in drug-related problem situations. Community stakeholders completed a Web-based survey focused on drug-related problem scenarios and their matched set of responses developed by middle/intermediate school youth in prior research. Mean differences were examined based on drug offerers described in the scenarios (i.e., peers/friends, cousins, and parents) and the substances offered in the scenarios (i.e., marijuana and alcohol). Compared with other strategies, Refuse had the highest mean scores within two offerer subgroups (peers/friends and cousins) and within both substances (alcohol and marijuana). Leave had the highest mean score within scenarios describing drug offers from parents. The endorsement of different resistance strategies varied based on drug offerers and substances offered in the selected scenarios. This study suggests that resistance skills in prevention should be tailored to youths’ social context in rural Hawai‘i. PMID:24212171

Okamoto, Scott K.; Helm, Susana; Kulis, Stephen; Delp, Justin A.; Dinson, Ay-Laina

2012-01-01

134

9 CFR 98.20 - Embryos refused entry.  

...AND IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMAL EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos From Regions Where Rinderpest or Foot-and-Mouth Disease Exists § 98.20 Embryos refused...

2014-01-01

135

9 CFR 98.20 - Embryos refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMAL EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos From Regions Where Rinderpest or Foot-and-Mouth Disease Exists § 98.20 Embryos refused...

2013-01-01

136

9 CFR 98.20 - Embryos refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMAL EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos From Regions Where Rinderpest or Foot-and-Mouth Disease Exists § 98.20 Embryos refused...

2011-01-01

137

9 CFR 98.20 - Embryos refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMAL EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos From Regions Where Rinderpest or Foot-and-Mouth Disease Exists § 98.20 Embryos refused...

2012-01-01

138

9 CFR 98.20 - Embryos refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMAL EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos From Regions Where Rinderpest or Foot-and-Mouth Disease Exists § 98.20 Embryos refused...

2010-01-01

139

7 CFR 322.10 - Inspection; refusal of entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...refusal of entry. (a) Shipments of honeybees, honeybee germ plasm, and bees other than honeybees imported into the United States under...you, or in your absence the shipper, decline to immediately export the shipment,...

2013-01-01

140

7 CFR 322.10 - Inspection; refusal of entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...refusal of entry. (a) Shipments of honeybees, honeybee germ plasm, and bees other than honeybees imported into the United States under...you, or in your absence the shipper, decline to immediately export the shipment,...

2012-01-01

141

7 CFR 322.10 - Inspection; refusal of entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...refusal of entry. (a) Shipments of honeybees, honeybee germ plasm, and bees other than honeybees imported into the United States under...you, or in your absence the shipper, decline to immediately export the shipment,...

2011-01-01

142

7 CFR 322.10 - Inspection; refusal of entry.  

...refusal of entry. (a) Shipments of honeybees, honeybee germ plasm, and bees other than honeybees imported into the United States under...you, or in your absence the shipper, decline to immediately export the shipment,...

2014-01-01

143

37 CFR 11.15 - Refusal to recognize a practitioner.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01...11.15 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK...Trademarks, and Other Non-Patent Law § 11.15 Refusal to recognize...

2011-07-01

144

25 CFR 135.6 - Refusal of water delivery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

The right is reserved to the United States to refuse the delivery of water to each of the said Irrigation Districts in the event of default in the payment of assessments, including penalties on account of...

2011-04-01

145

25 CFR 135.6 - Refusal of water delivery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... CONSTRUCTION ASSESSMENTS, CROW INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECT Charges Assessed Against Irrigation District Lands § 135.6 Refusal of...the delivery of water to each of the said Irrigation Districts in the event of default in...

2010-04-01

146

25 CFR 135.23 - Refusal of water delivery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES CONSTRUCTION ASSESSMENTS, CROW INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECT Charges Assessed Against Non-Indian Lands Not Included in an Irrigation District § 135.23 Refusal of water delivery. The right is...

2010-04-01

147

9 CFR 500.7 - Refusal to grant inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Refusal to grant inspection. 500.7 Section 500.7...Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE FEDERAL MEAT INSPECTION ACT AND THE POULTRY...

2011-01-01

148

9 CFR 381.21 - Refusal of inspection.  

...2014-01-01 false Refusal of inspection. 381.21 Section 381...Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION...

2014-01-01

149

9 CFR 381.21 - Refusal of inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Refusal of inspection. 381.21 Section 381...Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION...

2013-01-01

150

9 CFR 500.7 - Refusal to grant inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Refusal to grant inspection. 500.7 Section 500.7...Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE FEDERAL MEAT INSPECTION ACT AND THE POULTRY...

2010-01-01

151

9 CFR 500.7 - Refusal to grant inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Refusal to grant inspection. 500.7 Section 500.7...Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE FEDERAL MEAT INSPECTION ACT AND THE POULTRY...

2013-01-01

152

9 CFR 500.7 - Refusal to grant inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Refusal to grant inspection. 500.7 Section 500.7...Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE FEDERAL MEAT INSPECTION ACT AND THE POULTRY...

2012-01-01

153

9 CFR 500.7 - Refusal to grant inspection.  

...2014-01-01 false Refusal to grant inspection. 500.7 Section 500.7...Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE FEDERAL MEAT INSPECTION ACT AND THE POULTRY...

2014-01-01

154

30 CFR 816.83 - Coal mine waste: Refuse piles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1) If the disposal area contains springs, natural or manmade water...piles. Runoff from the areas above the refuse...site. All disturbed areas, including diversion...riprapped or otherwise protected, shall be...

2010-07-01

155

30 CFR 77.215 - Refuse piles; construction requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HEALTH MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS, SURFACE COAL MINES AND SURFACE WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Surface Installations § 77.215 Refuse...controlling or extinguishing a fire. (c) Clay or other sealants shall be used to...

2010-07-01

156

Refusal of cancer therapy in testicular cancer: Recognizing and preventing a significant problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Of 244 patients with testicular cancer who were treated at our medical center between 1970 and 1987, 7 (2.9%) refused all or a portion of their cancer therapy. All refusers died of cancer, and 6 of the 7 deaths were directly attributable to the refusal. Refusers were compared with the remaining patients; whereas there was no significant difference in

Judd W. Moul; David F. Paulson; Philip J. Walther

1990-01-01

157

Clean Cities Niche Market Overview: Refuse Haulers (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

Refuse haulers are ideal for the adoption of alternative fuels and advanced vehicle technologies. By using fuels like natural gas, propane, or biodiesel, and technologies like hybrid electric and hydraulic hybrid systems, the refuse-hauling sector could substantially decrease its petroleum use and greenhouse gas emissions. Fleet managers should explore the benefits of the fuels and technologies available, as well as the individual fleet needs, before adoption.

Shea, S.

2011-09-01

158

Patients’ Refusal of Surgery Strongly Impairs Breast Cancer Survival  

PubMed Central

Objective: To compare patient and tumor characteristics and survival between women who refused and women who accepted surgery for breast cancer. Summary Background Data: Surgery represents the central component of curative breast cancer treatment, but some women decide not to undergo surgery. Recent studies on the prognosis of non operated breast cancer are nonexistent. Patients and Methods: This study included all 5339 patients aged < 80 years with nonmetastatic breast cancer recorded at the Geneva Cancer Registry between 1975 and 2000. We consulted the clinical files of all nonoperated women to identify those who refused surgery. Patients who refused surgery were compared with those accepting surgery using logistic regression. The effect of refusal of surgery on breast cancer mortality was evaluated by Cox proportional hazards analysis. Results: Seventy patients (1.3%) refused surgery. These women were older, more frequently single, and had larger tumors. Overall, 37 (53%) women had no treatment, 25 (36%) hormone-therapy alone, and 8 (11%) other adjuvant treatments alone or in combination. Five-year specific breast cancer survival of women who refused surgery was lower than that of those who accepted (72%, 95% confidence interval, 60%–84% versus 87%, 95% confidence interval, 86%–88%, respectively). After accounting for other prognostic factors including tumor characteristics and stage, women who refused surgery had a 2.1-fold (95% confidence interval, 1.5–3.1) increased risk to die of breast cancer compared with operated women. Conclusions: Women who refuse surgery for breast cancer have a strongly impaired survival. This information might help patients who are hesitant toward surgery make a better informed decision. PMID:16041219

Verkooijen, Helena M.; Fioretta, Gérald M.; Rapiti, Elisabetta; Bonnefoi, Hervé; Vlastos, Georges; Kurtz, John; Schaefer, Peter; Sappino, André-Pascal; Schubert, Hyma; Bouchardy, Christine

2005-01-01

159

Skill Matters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Skill is a challenging topic for archeologists because it requires balancing the biases of cultural relativity with the commonsense\\u000a understanding that some humans are more able than others. Using the content and results model of technology, this paper identifies\\u000a skill as a variable of technological knowledge with recognizable material results. Late Paleolithic Japanese blade and microblade\\u000a assemblages suggest that skill

Peter Bleed

2008-01-01

160

Shop Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Shop Skills is a lesson plan which provides instruction in the safety procedures and work processes for hand and machine tools used in a metal machine shop. Specific skills include sawing, drilling, boring, grinding, lathing, and milling. After completing this module, students should be able to demonstrate proficiency in these skills through a variety of shop projects and in a final exercise that uses a combination of these skills. Note: This module is part of a modularized manufacturing technology curriculum created by the PSCME, found at www.pscme.org/educators.html.

2010-07-22

161

Short-term impact of cognition-motivation-emotional intelligence-resistance skills program on drug use prevention for school students in Wuhan, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Drug abuse continues to be a serious public health threat worldwide. Most drug abuse prevention research has been conducted\\u000a with predominantly American or European adolescent populations. Little is known about approaches that work best to prevent\\u000a the initiation of Chinese adolescent drug use. For targeting risk factors of drug initiation in Chinese adolescents, a school-based\\u000a health intervention program named “Cognition-Motivation-Emotional

Rui Guo; Qian He; Junxin Shi; Jie Gong; Hongxing Wang; Zengzhen Wang

2010-01-01

162

Open air refuse burning video: Proton Dan the science man explores open air refuse burning  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this video is to educate school children to the potential hazards of open air trash burning; to demonstrate alternative ways to dispose of trash; and to motivate students to take action to change the behavior of their parents with regard to trash burning. The burning of household trash, although illegal, is still a common practice in rural areas of Delaware. Enforcement has been difficult because the practice is often performed at night and is done across a wide rural area that is difficult to patrol on a continuing basis. The prohibition on trash burning (revised Regulation 13 of The Delaware Code of Regulations Governing The Control of Air Pollution) has been in effect since 1968, but the public has been slow to comply because trash burning has been practiced for many generations and because much of the public is unaware of the environmental impacts and/or the human health risks. This video may be valuable for other States to use as a public outreach tool regarding their problems with open air refuse burning. The focus of the video is a 7th grade science class is given various assignments relating to Earth Day and preservation of natural resources. Two children in particular are given the assignment to research and report on the hazards of open air trash burning and are asked to investigate alternative ways to dispose of refuse. Upon brainstorming how to find information on the topic, the kids decide to contact the host of a popular children's science show on broadcast television named Proton Dan the Science Man (a fictitious character and show based on Bill Nye the Science Guy). The host then invites the kids to the studio where he films his show and takes them through the topic. The TV host character takes the children to several external locations like a landfill, recycling centers, etc..

Eastburn, M.D.; Sipple, J.L.; Deramo, A.R.

1999-07-01

163

Coal and the environment abstract series. Bibliography on disposal of refuse from coal mines and coal cleaning plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The subjects covered in this bibliography include the analysis and characterization of coal refuse; various methods of handling, storing, and disposing of coal refuse; the environmental problems such as refuse drainage quality and combustion of refuse piles; the control of environmental problems; and the uses for refuse which have been investigated. The coal cleaning process itself is very closely related

V. E. Gleason; R. D. Hill

1978-01-01

164

Vaccine refusal and the endgame: walking the last mile first  

PubMed Central

As multiple papers within this special issue illustrate, the dynamics of disease eradication are different from disease control. When it comes to disease eradication, ‘the last mile is longest’. For social and ecological reasons such as vaccine refusal, further ending incidence of a disease when it has reached low levels is frequently complex. Issues of non-compliance within a target population often influence the outcome of disease eradication efforts. Past eradication efforts confronted such obstacles towards the tail end of the campaign, when disease incidence was lowest. This article provides a comparison of non-compliance within polio, measles and smallpox campaigns, demonstrating the tendency of vaccine refusal to rise as disease incidence falls. In order to overcome one of the most intractable challenges to eradication, future disease eradication efforts must prioritize vaccine refusal from the start, i.e. ‘walk the last mile first’. PMID:23798696

Saint-Victor, Diane S.; Omer, Saad B.

2013-01-01

165

20 CFR 410.666 - Effect of Appeals Council's decision or refusal to review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Effect of Appeals Council's decision or refusal to review...ACT OF 1969, TITLE IV-BLACK LUNG BENEFITS (1969...Effect of Appeals Council's decision or refusal to review...Appeals Council may deny a party's request for review or...

2011-04-01

166

37 CFR 211.7 - Reconsideration procedure for refusals to register.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...OFFICE, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPYRIGHT OFFICE AND PROCEDURES MASK WORK PROTECTION § 211.7 Reconsideration procedure for refusals...are applicable to requests to reconsider refusals to register mask works under 17 U.S.C. chapter 9, unless otherwise...

2011-07-01

167

75 FR 4565 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Right of First Refusal of Employment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Sakalos, Contract Policy Branch, GSA, at...First Refusal of Employment is a regulation which establishes policy regarding adversely...First Refusal of Employment, in all correspondence...Director, Acquisition Policy Division....

2010-01-28

168

14 CFR 382.19 - May carriers refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability?  

...false May carriers refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability? 382...OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) SPECIAL...19 May carriers refuse to provide transportation on the basis of disability?...

2014-01-01

169

49 CFR 382.211 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test. 382...REGULATIONS CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES AND ALCOHOL USE AND TESTING Prohibitions § 382.211 Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test....

2010-10-01

170

49 CFR 382.211 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test. 382...REGULATIONS CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES AND ALCOHOL USE AND TESTING Prohibitions § 382.211 Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test....

2011-10-01

171

49 CFR 382.211 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test. 382...REGULATIONS CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES AND ALCOHOL USE AND TESTING Prohibitions § 382.211 Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test....

2012-10-01

172

49 CFR 382.211 - Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test. 382...REGULATIONS CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES AND ALCOHOL USE AND TESTING Prohibitions § 382.211 Refusal to submit to a required alcohol or controlled substances test....

2013-10-01

173

Pervasive refusal syndrome (PRS) 21 years on: a re-conceptualisation and a renaming.  

PubMed

Twenty-one years ago, Lask and colleagues first described pervasive refusal syndrome (PRS) as a child's "dramatic social withdrawal and determined refusal to walk, talk, eat, drink, or care for themselves in any way for several months" in the absence of an organic explanation. PRS has been conceptualised in a variety of ways since then. These have included a form of post-traumatic stress disorder, learnt helplessness, 'lethal mothering', loss of the internal parent, apathy or the 'giving-up' syndrome, depressive devitalisation, primitive 'freeze', severe loss of activities of daily living and 'manipulative' illness, meaning the possibility that the children have been drugged to increase chances of asylum in asylum-seeking families. Others have insisted that PRS is simply depression, conversion disorder, catatonia or a factitious condition. This paper reviews these conceptualisations, explores some of the central complexities around PRS and proposes a neurobiological explanatory model, based upon autonomic system hyper-arousal. It touches upon the clinical implications and suggests a new name for the condition reflecting what we believe to be a more sophisticated understanding of the disorder than was available when it was first described. PMID:23793559

Nunn, Kenneth P; Lask, Bryan; Owen, Isabel

2014-03-01

174

FUNDAMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR PREPARING DENSIFIED REFUSE DERIVED FUEL  

EPA Science Inventory

A series of pilot-scale tests were conducted to determine the effects of various parameters on the densification of refuse derived fuel (RDF). The experiments included a series of bench-scale experiments involving a single die arrangement, as well as larger-scale studies in which...

175

47 CFR 73.4005 - Advertising-refusal to sell.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

47 ? Telecommunication ? 4 ? 2010-10-01 ? 2010-10-01 ? false ? Advertising-refusal to sell. ? 73.4005 ? Section 73.4005 ? Telecommunication ? FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) ? BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES ? RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES ? Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations ? §...

2010-10-01

176

Suicide Prevention for High-Risk Persons Who Refuse Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Patients (N=3,006) admitted to a psychiatric in-patient service because of a suicidal state were contacted to determine if post-discharge plans were followed. Half of those who refused treatment were contacted by telephone or letter on a set schedule. Evidence is that a high-risk population for suicide can be identified. (Author)

Motto, Jerome A.

1976-01-01

177

Descriptive Analyses of Pediatric Food Refusal and Acceptance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Functional analyses of inappropriate mealtime behavior typically include conditions to determine if the contingent delivery of attention, tangible items, or escape reinforce food refusal. In the current investigation, descriptive analyses were conducted for 25 children who had been admitted to a program for the assessment and treatment of food…

Borrero, Carrie S. W.; Woods, Julia N.; Borrero, John C.; Masler, Elizabeth A.; Lesser, Aaron D.

2010-01-01

178

Bioethics and religious bodies: refusal of blood transfusions in Germany.  

PubMed

The refusal of medical treatment is a recurrent topic in bioethical debates and Jehovah's Witnesses often constitute an exemplary case in this regard. The refusal of a potentially life-saving blood transfusion is a controversial choice that challenges the basic medical principle of acting in patients' best interests and often leads physicians to adopt paternalistic attitudes toward patients who refuse transfusion. However, neither existing bioethical nor historical and social sciences scholarship sufficiently addresses experiences of rank-and-file Witnesses in their dealings with the health care system. This article draws on results of a nine-month (2010, 2011-2012) ethnographic research on the relationship between religious, legal, ethical, and emotional issues emerging from the refusal of blood transfusions by Jehovah's Witnesses in Germany (mainly in Berlin). It shows how bioethical challenges are solved in practice by some German physicians and what they perceive to be the main goal of biomedicine: promoting the health or broadly understood well-being of patients. I argue that two different understandings of the concept of autonomy are at work here: autonomy based on reason and autonomy based on choice. The first is privileged by German physicians in line with a Kantian philosophical tradition and constitutional law; the second, paradoxically, is utilized by Jehovah's Witnesses in their version of the Anglo-Saxon Millian approach. PMID:23538204

Rajtar, Ma?gorzata

2013-12-01

179

Analysis of municipal refuse incinerator ashes for asbestos  

Microsoft Academic Search

Municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills can reduce nearby property values and result in groundwater pollution. Incineration of such refuse is therefore underway or being planned by many communities. A wide variety of material types comprise the combustible portion of MSW including paper, cardboard, wood, plastics, leather, rubber and textiles as well as food and yard wastes. Other classes of noncombustible

Kusum J. Patel-Mandlik; Charles G. Manos; Donald J. Lisk

1988-01-01

180

Understanding Excessive School Absenteeism as School Refusal Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding excessive absenteeism is important to ameliorating the negative outcomes associated with the behavior. The present study examined behavioral reinforcement profiles of school refusal behavior: negative reinforcement (avoidance) and positive reinforcement (gaining parental attention or receiving tangible benefits from not attending…

Dube, Shanta R.; Orpinas, Pamela

2009-01-01

181

Effect of biosolids on refuse decomposition and phosphorus cycling.  

PubMed

Laboratory-scale reactors containing mixtures of municipal solid waste and wastewater treatment biosolids were monitored to assess the effect of biosolids on refuse decomposition and on phosphorus (P) cycling and speciation among orthophosphate, acid-hydrolysable P, and organic P. The co-disposal of 10 to 20% (by wet weight) aerobically-digested biosolids with residential refuse was compatible with refuse decomposition although the biosolids did not increase either the maximum methane production rate or the cumulative yield, and did not reduce lag times to the onset of methane production. The results of this study indicated that dissolved reactive phosphorus (DRP) was the dominant dissolved P fraction throughout refuse decomposition and that it was negatively correlated with the methane production rate and pH (r² = 0.35 for both). P was not found to limit methane production. Biosolids increased dissolved P as well as ammonia-N in some reactors, but this did not have a significant impact on maximum methane production rates. The maximum tolerated Na+ and K+ concentrations during active methane production were at least 4100 mg Na+ L?¹ and 800 mg K+ L?¹, respectively. PMID:19748937

Sadri, Ahmad; Barlaz, Morton A; Hater, Gary R

2010-10-01

182

Preliminary separation of metals and nonmetals from urban refuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Horizontal and vertical air classification systems were tested individually and in simulated tandem use for the recovery of ferrous and nonferrous metals and of other noncombustible and combustible products from shredded urban refuse. The horizontal air system with a larger tonnage throughput was used to obtain preliminary separations, and a smaller capacity vertical system was used as a cleaning device.

K. C. Dean; C. J. Chindgren; L. Peterson

1971-01-01

183

Methane production from municipal refuse: A review of enhancement techniques and microbial dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methane is recovered from about 100 municipal solid waste landfills in the U.S. in saleable volumes, although yields are 1 to 50% of the methane potential of refuse based on biodegradability data. Studies on the microbiology of refuse decomposition and efforts to enhance refuse methanogenesis are reviewed here. Results of studies on the effects of leachate recycle and neutralization, a

Morton A. Barlaz; Robert K. Ham; Daniel M. Schaefer; Ron Isaacson

1990-01-01

184

Psychometric Properties and Clinical Utility of the School Refusal Assessment Scale in a Multiethnic Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kearney and Silverman (1993) developed the School Refusal Assessment Scale (SRAS) to assess the function of and to prescribe treatment for school refusal behavior. The present investigation examined the psychometric properties and clinical utility of the SRAS in a multiethnic sample. Participants were 30 children and their mothers who were identified as school refusers after an initial screening. Results indicated

Charmaine K. Higa; Eric L. Daleiden; Bruce F. Chorpita

2002-01-01

185

If you are offered the Right of First Refusal Should you accept?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Rights of first refusal are contract clauses that, recognizing the incompleteness of contracts, are intended to provide the holder of a license or lease with some protection when,the contract comes ,to an ,end. The simplest right of first refusal gives the right holder the ability to act after potential competitors. However, another common implementation,of a right of first refusal

Brit Grosskopf; Alvin E. Roth

186

Corrosion and deposits from combustion of solid waste. IV - Combined firing of refuse and coal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Combined firing of processed municipal refuse with coal has been investigated in a stoker-fired boiler. The refuse preparation consisted of shredding, magnetic separation of metals, and air classification. The nature of the deposits and the extent of corrosion of simulated boiler-tube surfaces was determined by inserting probes into the boiler. For amounts of refuse up to 35 per cent on

H. H. Krause; D. A. Vaughan; W. K. Boyd

1976-01-01

187

Library Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to acquaint students of the University of Missouri-Columbia with the facilities and resources of the Ellis Library, and is intended for students enrolled in Library Science 105: Library Skills. The guide is organized into sections dealing with search strategies and types of library materials. It opens with an orientation to…

Bhullar, Pushpajit K., Ed.; Lawhorne, Anne R., Ed.

188

Leadership Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While this may not be a "complete list" of what leadership skills one needs to effectively lead in any/every situation, it should provide a great overview of many of the things s/he needs to do, at least initially.

Parish, Thomas S.

2006-01-01

189

TIME-SETTLEMENT BEHAVIOR OF PROCESSED REFUSE. PART IV: CONSOLIDATION OF MILLED REFUSE, VOLUME 1, VOLUME 2-APPENDIX  

EPA Science Inventory

A previously developed mathematical model for the prediction of the time-settlement behavior of a sanitary landfill of milled refuse, taking into account the effects of finite deformations, large creep strains, and biological and chemical decomposition of the material with accomp...

190

75 FR 3153 - Drug and Alcohol Testing Program; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...135-117A] RIN 2120-AJ37 Drug and Alcohol Testing Program; Correction AGENCY...Administration (FAA) is correcting its drug and alcohol testing regulations published on May 14...describing refusals to submit to drug or alcohol tests; directed readers to an...

2010-01-20

191

Young Women's Experiences of Resisting Invitations to Use Illicit Drugs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten young women were interviewed regarding their experiences of resisting invitations to use illicit drugs. Hermeneutic phenomenology was used to gather and analyze information. One key theme was the motivations that inspired women to refuse drug offers. Young women resisted drug invitations because of their desires to be authentic, protect their…

Koehn, Corinne V.; O'Neill, Linda K.

2011-01-01

192

Cognition-Enhancing Drugs: Can We Say No?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Normative analysis of cognition-enhancing drugs frequently weighs the liberty interests of drug users against egalitarian values. Yet those who would refuse to engage in neuroenhancement may well find their liberty to do so limited in a society where such drugs are widespread. To the extent that unvarnished emotional responses are…

Pasquale, Frank

2010-01-01

193

Comparison of Bacteria and Archaea communities in municipal solid waste, individual refuse components, and leachate.  

PubMed

Refuse decomposition in landfills is a microbially mediated process that occurs primarily under anaerobic conditions. Because of limited moisture conditions, hydraulic transport as a means of cellular translocation within the landfill appears limited, especially during the initial stages of decomposition. Thus, microbial communities within the incoming refuse serve as a primary source of facultative and obligate anaerobic microorganisms that initiate refuse decomposition. Fresh residential refuse was collected five times over 26 months, and microbial communities in these samples were compared with those in individual refuse components and decomposed refuse. Bacterial and archaeal community structures were determined using T-RFLP. The Bacterial microbial community richness was correlated (r(2) = 0.91) with seasonal differences in ambient air temperature. Analysis of the results shows that fresh refuse is most likely not the source of methanogens in landfills. Microbial communities in the solid and leachate phases were different, indicating that both matrices must be considered when characterizing microbial diversity within a landfill. PMID:22092358

Staley, Bryan F; de los Reyes, Francis L; Barlaz, Morton A

2012-02-01

194

Respecting a patient's wish to refuse life-sustaining treatment.  

PubMed

The Court of Protection has recently set out its reasons in the case of a gravely ill 63-year-old lady who wished to refuse a blood transfusion on faith grounds. The case reinforces the Court of Protection's promotion of the right of older, vulnerable patients to make decisions that health professionals might consider unwise and the need for nurses to guard against creeping paternalism when discharging their duties under the Mental Capacity Act 2005. PMID:24690930

Griffith, Richard

195

Prep plants adopt paste thickener for refuse disposal  

SciTech Connect

Coal is the latest industry to apply paste thickener technology - it can improve the economics of coal refuse (tailings) handling. Pinn Oak's Pinnacle coal preparation plant was one of the first, using paste thickener to reclaim fine coal values from existing retention ponds and to process them to extract previously wasted coal values. Another paste thickener is to be used at Arch Coal's Lone Mountain plant in Virginia. 4 refs., 2 figs.

Cook, B.; Johnson, J.; Slottee, S. [Paste Thick Associates (United States)

2007-05-15

196

Short term outcome in babies refused perinatal intensive care  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To compare the mortality in babies refused admission to a regional perinatal centre with that in babies accepted for intensive care in the centre. DESIGN--Retrospective study with group comparison. SETTING--Based at the Royal Maternity Hospital, Belfast, with follow up of patients in all obstetric units in Northern Ireland. PATIENTS--Requests for transfer of 675 babies to the regional perinatal centre (prenatally

H. Sidhu; R. N. Heasley; C. C. Patterson; H. L. Halliday; W. Thompson

1989-01-01

197

Recycling of plastics from urban and industrial refuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Waste plastic concentrates from a local collection drive, recycling center collections, urban refuse pilot plants, and the secondary metals industry were separated into three major thermoplastic families 1-em polyolefins, styrenes, and vinyls 1-em based on differences in density using a sink-float-elutriation hydraulic separator. Other separation methods and systems such as air classification, jigging, liquid media, screening, and electrostatics were studied.

J. L. Holman; J. B. Stephenson; M. J. Adam

1974-01-01

198

COAL AND THE ENVIRONMENT ABSTRACT SERIES. BIBLIOGRAPHY ON DISPOSAL OF REFUSE FROM COAL MINES AND COAL CLEANING PLANTS  

EPA Science Inventory

The subjects covered in this bibliography include the analysis and characterization of coal refuse; various methods of handling, storing, and disposing of coal refuse; the environmental problems such as refuse drainage quality and combustion of refuse piles; the control of enviro...

199

Library Technician Skill Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents skill standards for library technicians. Introductory sections describe the industry and the job, what skill standards are, how the library technician skill standards were developed, employability skills and critical competencies, and the SCANS (Secretary's Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills) foundation skills profile.…

Highline Community Coll., Des Moines, WA.

200

Enhanced cover methods for surface coal refuse reclamation  

SciTech Connect

Controlling acid rock drainage (ARD) can be a major component of surface mining reclamation. An enhanced reclamation cover system is being constructed to control infiltration of rain water and generation of ARD from coal-refuse disposal areas at a closed mine in southern Illinois. Development of the mine reclamation plan required consideration of ARD generation in coal refuse disposal areas located adjacent to an alluvial aquifer used for public water supply. An integrated site characterization was performed at the mine to provide information to develop and support the enhanced reclamation plan. The enhanced cover system is similar to covers required for municipal solid waste landfills by the Resource Conversation and Recovery Act (RCRA), Subtitle D regulations. The system comprises a graded and compacted gob layer, overlain by a compacted clay liner, and a protective soil cover. The results of infiltration modeling and analyses showed that the standard reclamation cover is effective in reducing infiltration by about 18 percent compared to an unreclaimed coal-refuse surface. The modeling results showed that the inhanced cover system should reduce infiltration by about 84 percent. The geochemical modeling results showed that the reduction in infiltration would help minimize ARD generation and contribute to an earlier reclamation of the mine site.

Gentile, L.F.; Cargill, K.W. [GeoSyntec Consultants, Atlanta, GA (United States); McGarvie, S.D. [Peabody Coal Company, Graham, KY (United States)

1997-12-31

201

Skill Category Specific skill proficient in  

E-print Network

.edu Relationship Communication Creative #12;Skill Category Specific skill Highly or moderately proficient in EnjoySkill Category Specific skill Highly or moderately proficient in Enjoy using Work in teams as a liaison among professors, staff, and/or students to facilitate communication and build partnerships

Keinan, Alon

202

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Machining Skills Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document of skill standards for the machining skills cluster serves as a guide to workforce preparation program providers in defining content for their programs and to employers to establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. These 67 occupational skill standards describe what people should know and be able to do in an…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

203

Life Skills Training: Empirical Findings and Future Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use are important problems that typically begin during adolescence. Fortunately, substantial progress has been made in developing effective drug abuse prevention programs for youth over the past two decades. The Life Skills Training (LST) program is an effective primary prevention program for adolescent drug abuse that addresses the risk and protective factors associated with drug

Gilbert J. Botvin; Kenneth W. Griffin

2004-01-01

204

Drug test feasibility in a general population household survey.  

PubMed

Drug testing was used as an adjunct to a general population household drug use survey administered via audio computer assisted self-interview. Participants, ages 18-40 years residing in Chicago, were recruited to participate in three different biological tests (hair, oral fluid, and urine) presented in random order subsequent to completing an interview. Subjects had the option of participating in zero to three different tests. We examined participation/refusal in tests, reaction to testing requests, as well as variables associated with participation and reaction. Subjects were randomly assigned to a low (US$ 10 per test) or high (US$ 20 per test) incentive condition. Over 90% of the sample participated in at least one test, usually the oral fluid test. Associations between refusal status and two variables, socioeconomic status (SES) and presence of children in the household, provided partial support for the notion that drug test participation parallels the survey response process in general. Incentive level did not directly increase drug test participation. Reporting of recent illicit drug use was associated with participation in only one procedure, hair testing. Type of test offered and individual differences in willingness to be drug tested were important predictors of drug test refusal and subject reaction to testing requests. Compared with urine and hair testing, oral fluid testing had lower refusal rates and was generally more acceptable to respondents in a general population survey. The findings support the feasibility of incorporating multiple drug tests with modest incentives into general population household surveys on drug abuse. PMID:15036546

Fendrich, Michael; Johnson, Timothy P; Wislar, Joseph S; Hubbell, Amy

2004-03-01

205

Mining a prep plant refuse line for coal  

SciTech Connect

For Moses Case, president of Case Mining Co., in Sidney, Kentucky, the thought of dumping coal fines because of unavailable cleaning technology was a waste of resources. Pumping those fines as refuse into slurry ponds also went against his ecological grain. For years he had wrestled with the problem, trying various systems and equipment with no tangible results. Much time and money went into his search for a workable solution. Then, last year Case found what he had been looking for being demonstrated by Randy Ross, president of Advanced Coal Processing Inc., of Ashland, Kentucky. It was a mobil unit that promised to turn dross to gold, to derive salable coal from preparation plant reject. The system had been tested and operated in West Virginia, Ohio, Arkansas and Kentucky for over 5 years. In August, 1985, the five elements making up Ross proprietary development, the Rosstech System, were installed in a corner of Case's prep plant and hooked up to the plant's refuse line. The system immediately took in the total volume of refuse that the plant was producing and soon began returning as much as 12 tph of coal out of it. The Case preparation plant is otherwise a conventional one. Paul Case and his crew designed and built it themselves. The Case plant works two shifts a day, five days a week. Before installation of the Rosstech System, its output was 150 tph. Case mines the Cedar Grove seam, which averages 5 ft in thickness. Case contracts out its mining work and mining is done by conventional methods, to reduce the amount of fines.

Wilkinson, J.F.

1986-04-01

206

Skills and knowledge structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suppose that is a set of problems and is a set of skills. A skill function assigns to each problem - i.e. to each element of - those sets of skills which are minimally sufficient to solve ; a problem function assigns to each set X of skills the set of problems which can be solved with these skills (a

Ivo Duntsch; Gunther Gediga

1995-01-01

207

[Pervasive refusal syndrome in a 12-year-old boy].  

PubMed

We describe a formerly healthy boy aged 12 years with a two-month history of severe coughing and abdominal pain leading to school absence. During admission he became increasingly immobilised and unable to perform activities of daily life, and finally simply adopted the foetal position and needed gastric tube feeding. Gradual restitution was achieved during a 34-month stay as an inpatient at a child psychiatric department. He fulfilled all proposed criteria of the pervasive refusal syndrome. At a follow-up at the age of 20 years, he was pursuing a normal independent life with his girlfriend and was attending higher education. PMID:21501567

Christensen, Ann-Margrethe Rønholt; Thelle, Thomas

2011-04-18

208

DSM skills are marketing skills  

SciTech Connect

Skeptics may view DSM as a convenient cover for using ratepayer funds (in the form of rebates and other financial inducements) to keep customers on the grid, thus providing electric utilities with an unfair competitive advantage. Actually, the most powerful advantages may result from the marketing skills DSM fosters. Put simply, DSM teaches utilities to understand and meet customer needs more effectively. Managing customers use of electricity has taught utilities unprecedented amounts about specific end-use technologies, about customers fuel and equipment selection practices and preferences, and about what it costs to serve their customers. As DSM programs have become more market-driven, utilities have become better communicators and salesmen in order to win customer participation. The result: DSM departments play an increasingly central role in managing customer relationships overall and in developing and implementing competitive strategies.

Stone, C. (Easton Consultants, Inc., Stamford, CT (United States))

1993-10-01

209

Standardizing and Evaluating the "Presenter" Variable in the Peer vs. Adult Debate in Youth Drug Prevention Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A "train-the-trainer" workshop was developed to evaluate and enhance presentational skills and offered to 14 youth in grades 6-12 and 9 administrators from youth-focused community agencies in Indiana. Upon workshop completion, 7 youth and 6 adults functioned as presenters of a 1 1/2-hour module on refusal and resistance skills to 95 youth enrolled…

Hobson, Charles J.; McCarthy, Heather; Murff, Sherice; Thomas, Adrienne; Rosetti, Desila; Murillo, Natalie G.

2009-01-01

210

Refusal bias in the estimation of HIV prevalence.  

PubMed

In 2007, UNAIDS corrected estimates of global HIV prevalence downward from 40 million to 33 million based on a methodological shift from sentinel surveillance to population-based surveys. Since then, population-based surveys are considered the gold standard for estimating HIV prevalence. However, prevalence rates based on representative surveys may be biased because of nonresponse. This article investigates one potential source of nonresponse bias: refusal to participate in the HIV test. We use the identity of randomly assigned interviewers to identify the participation effect and estimate HIV prevalence rates corrected for unobservable characteristics with a Heckman selection model. The analysis is based on a survey of 1,992 individuals in urban Namibia, which included an HIV test. We find that the bias resulting from refusal is not significant for the overall sample. However, a detailed analysis using kernel density estimates shows that the bias is substantial for the younger and the poorer population. Nonparticipants in these subsamples are estimated to be three times more likely to be HIV-positive than participants. The difference is particularly pronounced for women. Prevalence rates that ignore this selection effect may be seriously biased for specific target groups, leading to misallocation of resources for prevention and treatment. PMID:24788481

Janssens, Wendy; van der Gaag, Jacques; Rinke de Wit, Tobias F; Tanovi?, Zlata

2014-06-01

211

SkillsSkills EmployersEmployers  

E-print Network

TheThe SkillsSkills EmployersEmployers WantWant Communication Skills Spoken, comprehension, written language and grammar (U.S. English) · Class/Group Presentations - Basic Speech (COM 1010) or Debate (COM) Courses · Reading and Research, Trial, Error and Evaluate; Practice Objectivity C A Teamwork Ability

Berdichevsky, Victor

212

Drug Abuse on College Campuses: Emerging Issues. Issues in Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "Issues in Prevention" focuses on emerging issues concerning drug abuse on college campuses. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Drug Abuse Trends; (2) Q&A With Jim Lange; (3) Bath Salts; (4) Refuse to Abuse; (5) Related Federal Resource; and (6) Higher Education Center Resources.

Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention, 2012

2012-01-01

213

Empathy and Drug Use Behaviors among African-American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study proposed that empathy may indirectly play a protective role for adolescents in drug use behaviors and that this relationship will be mediated by self-regulatory strategies found in drug refusal efficacy. We predict that empathy will be linked to prosocial behavior and aggression, though we do not believe that they will mediate…

Nguyen, Anh B.; Clark, Trenette T.; Belgrave, Faye Z.

2011-01-01

214

Pervasive refusal syndrome as part of the refusal–withdrawal–regression spectrum: critical review of the literature illustrated by a case report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pervasive refusal syndrome (PRS) is a rare child psychiatric disorder characterized by pervasive refusal, active\\/angry resistance\\u000a to help and social withdrawal leading to an endangered state. Little has been written about PRS. A literature search yielded\\u000a only 15 relevant articles, all published between 1991 and 2006. This article presents a critical review of the published literature,\\u000a illustrated by a case

Tine Jaspers; G. M. J. Hanssen; Judith A. van der Valk; Johann H. Hanekom; Gijs Th. J. van Well; Jan N. M. Schieveld

2009-01-01

215

Are they really refusing to travel? A qualitative study of prehospital records  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Refusal by the patient to travel after calling an emergency ambulance may lead to a preventable waste of scarce resources if it can be shown that an alternative more appropriate response could be employed. A greater understanding is required of the reasons behind 'refusal to travel' (RTT) in order to find appropriate solutions to address this issue. We sought

Deborah Shaw; Jane V Dyas; Jo Middlemass; Anne Spaight; Maureen Briggs; Sarah Christopher; A Niroshan Siriwardena

2006-01-01

216

Interlanguage Refusals: Linguistic Politeness and Length of Residence in the Target Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using role play and verbal-report data, this study investigates the sequential organization of politeness strategies of 24 learners of Spanish and whether the learners' ability to negotiate and mitigate a refusal was influenced by length of residence in the target community. Refusal sequences were examined throughout the interaction head acts,…

Flix-Brasdefer, J. Csar

2004-01-01

217

Production of charcoal from sawdust in a fluidized bed. [from wood refuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method is reported for disposing of wood refuse and recovering valuable wood by-products without polluting the environment by mixing the wood refuse with inert granulated bed material to form a fluidizable mixture which is heated in a fluidized bed pyrolyzer until charcoal and other by-products are formed. Upon discharge of the charcoal and bed material, the inert material is

Grimmett

1975-01-01

218

CHARACTERIZATION OF STACK EMISSIONS FROM MUNICIPAL REFUSE-TO-ENERGY SYSTEMS  

EPA Science Inventory

Stack emissions from three municipal refuse-to-energy systems were characterized: refuse-derived fuel (RDF), mass burning (MASS) and modular (MOD). A comprehensive set of measurements was performed at each site to determine the physical and chemical properties of the particulate ...

219

Strategie di rifuto in Italiano: uno studio etnografico (Refusal Strategies in Italian: An Ethnographic Study).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After reviewing previous research on speech acts, this article describes a study that analyzed the behavior of speakers of standard Italian in refusing an offer of food. The importance of "face" is explained, and the refusal strategies are classified into four categories: explicit, tactical, decisive, and conclusive. (CFM)

Frescura, Marina

1997-01-01

220

21 CFR 514.110 - Reasons for refusing to file applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reasons for refusing to file applications. ...Actions on Applications § 514.110 Reasons for refusing to file applications. ...acceptable for filing for any of the following reasons: (1) It does not contain...

2010-04-01

221

21 CFR 514.110 - Reasons for refusing to file applications.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Reasons for refusing to file applications. ...Actions on Applications § 514.110 Reasons for refusing to file applications. ...acceptable for filing for any of the following reasons: (1) It does not contain...

2014-04-01

222

21 CFR 514.110 - Reasons for refusing to file applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Reasons for refusing to file applications. ...Actions on Applications § 514.110 Reasons for refusing to file applications. ...acceptable for filing for any of the following reasons: (1) It does not contain...

2012-04-01

223

21 CFR 514.110 - Reasons for refusing to file applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reasons for refusing to file applications. ...Actions on Applications § 514.110 Reasons for refusing to file applications. ...acceptable for filing for any of the following reasons: (1) It does not contain...

2011-04-01

224

21 CFR 514.110 - Reasons for refusing to file applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Reasons for refusing to file applications. ...Actions on Applications § 514.110 Reasons for refusing to file applications. ...acceptable for filing for any of the following reasons: (1) It does not contain...

2013-04-01

225

Occupational Exposure to Airborne Dust, Respirable Quartz and Metals Arising from Refuse Handling, Burning and Landfilling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial hygiene investigations were conducted in 1983 at a refuse derived fuel (RDF) burning plant, a refuse transfer station and three municipal landfill sites. The field surveys were conducted during the warmer and drier seasons of the year. The investigations included air sampling for total dust, respirable quartz and airborne metals. Bulk samples of soil cover, precipitator\\/boiler ash and transfer

D. MOZZON; D. A. BROWN; J. W. SMITH

1987-01-01

226

DENSIFICATION OF REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS: PREPARATION, PROPERTIES AND SYSTEMS FOR SMALL COMMUNITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

Densified refuse-derived fuel (d-RDF) is produced by compacting refuse-derived fuel (RDF) into agglomerated pieces sufficiently cohesive to sustain storage and handling. The use of this d-RDF product as a substitute for coal in spreader-stoker boilers is a developing resource rec...

227

My visa was refused and I have the right to appeal Your appeal deadline  

E-print Network

My visa was refused and I have the right to appeal Your appeal deadline You must appeal within 10 days of receiving the refusal notice. Whilst you have the right to appeal your leave is automatically extended and you are legally in the UK. To be on the safe side, you should lodge your appeal within 10

Stevenson, Mark

228

Toward A Functional Model of Assessing and Treating Children and Adolescents with School Refusal Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document begins by providing a brief historical overview of past attempts at classification, assessment, and treatment of students with school refusal behaviors. Limitations of traditional classification strategies are explored. Recent accomplishments with this population are then discussed, including the development of the School Refusal…

Kearney, Christopher A.; Silverman, Wendy K.

229

Urinary mutagens in municipal refuse incinerator workers and water treatment workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Municipal refuse incineration workers may be exposed to mutagenic compounds from gaseous and particulate emissions and during ash removal operations. The frequency of urinary mutagens was measured by the Ames test among a sample of 104 refuse incinerator workers in seven incinerator plants during March?May 1988. The frequency was compared to that observed in 67 water treatment employees in 11

Janet M. Scarlett; John G. Babish; Julia T. Blue; Susanne E. Voekler; Donald J. Lisk

1990-01-01

230

A Generalized Net, Description for Laryngeal Pathology Detection Excluding the Refusal from Classification Option*  

E-print Network

classification scheme excluding the refusal option have been modelled by generalized nets. 2. The model Below we2 7 A Generalized Net, Description for Laryngeal Pathology Detection Excluding the Refusal from Classification Option* Stefan Hadjitodorov1 , Petar Mitev1 , Krassimir Atanassov1 , Georgi Gluhchev2 , Vassil

Borissova, Daniela

231

Forms and functions of school refusal behavior in youth: an empirical analysis of absenteeism severity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: School refusal behavior is a particularly nettlesome problem for mental health and education professionals because of its symptom severity and heterogeneity as well as lack of consensus regarding inclusive classification strategies. Alternatively, a functional model of school refusal behavior may provide a particularly useful way of organizing, assessing, and treating this popula- tion. Method: The present study included 222

Christopher A. Kearney

2007-01-01

232

Skill Scales Companion Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is a reference document meant to accompany other National Skill Standards Board (NSSB) publications that describe the development of skill standards, including Built to Work: A Common Framework for Skill Standards. This companion guide provides the NSSB Complexity Rating Skill Scales. Chapter 1 explains briefly how this tool fits…

National Skill Standards Board (DOL/ETA), Washington, DC.

233

Removal of phosphorus and nitrogen from domestic wastewater using a mineralized refuse-based bioreactor.  

PubMed

Municipal solid waste used for landfill becomes stabilized, or aged, some years after placement, and can be safely excavated; the term 'mineralized refuse' is used in this study. The adsorptions of phosphorus, and the nitrification of the mineralized refuse and clay, were investigated by batch incubation. The variation of phosphorus adsorption in the mineralized refuse was fitted to the Freundlich adsorption isotherm equation, giving a maximum phosphorus adsorption capacity of 2310 mg kg(-1). Based on the Langmuir isotherm equation, maximum phosphorus adsorption capacity was calculated to be 1976 mg kg(-1), almost twice that of the clay. The equations for both the mineralized refuse and clay were fitted to zero-order kinetics (R2 > 0.98, P < 0.01, n = 11), giving concentrations of phosphorus as phosphates less than 250 mg L(-1). The K value for the mineralized refuse was about 3.5 times higher than for the clay. The production of nitrogen as nitrates in both the mineralized refuse and the clay after 120 h incubation yielded a first-order reaction kinetics value of 100 mg kg(-1) NH4(+)-N from the initial concentration. The calculated net nitrification as nitrates for the mineralized refuse was 6.3 times higher than for the clay. Domestic wastewater was then treated in a mineralized refuse-based bioreactor for 30 days. The removal rates of COD(cr), total nitrogen and total phosphorus were 73.77 +/- 8.10%, 61.01 +/- 6.75%, and 69.14 +/- 9.25%, respectively. Large accumulations of nitrates occurred in the mineralized refuse-based bioreactor. For the full-scale design, a high column of mineralized refuse is recommended for the denitrification. PMID:22519101

Zhang, H H; Tian, J S; Zhang, Y M; Wu, Z L; Kong, X J; Chao, J Y; Hu, Y; Li, D L

2012-01-01

234

Contract Terms for Right of First Refusal based on Public Law 108-199 A. The right of first refusal will apply to sales of the following processing shares  

E-print Network

Contract Terms for Right of First Refusal based on Public Law 108-199 A. The right of first refusal. A sale will be considered to be for use in the community of origin if the purchaser contracts allocation of the PQS. E. All terms of any right of first refusal and contract entered into related

235

Combustion of refuse derived fuel in a fluidized bed  

SciTech Connect

Power generation from Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) is an attractive utilization technology of municipal solid waste. To explain the behavior of RDF-fired fluidized bed incinerator, the commercial size RDF was continuously burnt in a 30 x 30 cm bubbling type fluidized-bed combustor. It was found that 12 kg/h of RDF feed rate was too high feed for this test unit and the Co level was higher than 500 ppm. However, 10 kg/h of RDF was a proper feed rate and the Co level was kept under 150 ppm. Secondary air injection and changing air ratio from the pipe grid were effective for the complete combustion of RDE. It was also found that HCl concentration in flue gas was controlled by the calcium component contained in RDF and its level was decreased with decreasing the combustor temperature.

Piao, Guilin; Aono, Shigeru; Mori, Shigekatsu; Deguchi, Seiichi; Fujima, Yukihisa [Nagoya Univ. (Japan)] [Nagoya Univ. (Japan); Kondoh, Motohiro; Yamaguchi, Masataka [Toyota Motor Corp. (Japan). Plant Engineering Dept.] [Toyota Motor Corp. (Japan). Plant Engineering Dept.

1998-12-31

236

Preparation and properties of densified refuse-derived fuel  

SciTech Connect

Refuse-derived fuel (RDF) generally refers to the product of the mechanical (or chemical plus mechanical) processing of municipal solid waste (MSW) to produce a specification output. Densified refuse-derived fuel (d-RDF) is the product of the mechanical compaction of some form of RDF to agglomerated pieces which are sufficiently cohesive to sustain storage and handling. The term densified is used in the generic sense to include all forms of compaction, such as extrusion or rolling to produce briquettes, pellets, cubettes, etc. Generally, d-RDF is a fuel for stoker boilers analogous to lump coal. The concept of RDF and d-RDF can be extended to other waste-derived or biomass fuels. The pilot-scale preparation of d-RDF has been described. This paper is to update and expand the information and to describe the objectives and operation of some of the unit processes used and the properties of the d-RDF. It should be an objective of processing to maximize the quality of the fuel, even at the expense of quantity, so as to maintain the fuel specification. Thus, a mass of waste, m, is converted to a mass of fuel, m', so that m > m', but the heats of combustion are ..delta..H/sub m/ < ..delta..H/sub m'/, which is the objective of processing. The yield is limited by the composition of m and the limits of the law of conservation of mass-energy; also, allowance must be made for the energy input for processing. The concept of processing to maximize yield is opposite to the traditional objective of waste management of maximizing disposal.

Alter, H.; Campbell, J.A.

1980-01-01

237

20 CFR 10.517 - What are the penalties for refusing to accept a suitable job offer?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...employee who refuses to seek suitable work, or refuses to or neglects to work after suitable work is offered to or arranged for...is not entitled to compensation. An employee who refuses or neglects to work after suitable work has been offered or secured...

2011-04-01

238

20 CFR 10.517 - What are the penalties for refusing to accept a suitable job offer?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...employee who refuses to seek suitable work, or refuses to or neglects to work after suitable work is offered to or arranged for...is not entitled to compensation. An employee who refuses or neglects to work after suitable work has been offered or secured...

2010-04-01

239

Coal refuse site inventories. [reclamation survey using color-IR photography  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Small-scale color-infrared aerial photography at 1:120,000 scale is used to carry out an operational survey of coal refuse sites. Site analyses and reclamation cost estimates are completed in less than 90 days by using remote sensing techniques. Analysis of photographs provided dependable and accurate data for the location and environmental assessment of nearly 200 coal refuse banks and slurry ponds. The inventory constitutes a comprehensive reference for establishing priorities for coal refuse site reclamation and for complementing future field surveys.

Wobber, F. J.; Wier, C. E.; Leshendok, T.; Beeman, W.

1975-01-01

240

Identification and mapping of coal refuse banks and other targets in the anthracite region  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

ERTS-1 MSS data covering parts of Pennsylvania's southern and eastern middle anthracite coal fields were studied to determine how well accumulations of coal refuse could be identified and mapped by computer analysis and processing. Spectral signatures of coal refuse targets were similar to water, but had higher reflectances in all channels. Relative reflectances were in the order 4 5 or = 6 7. Although no underflight photography was at hand to judge mapping success, correlation was made, with 1:24,000 scale U.S.G.S. maps dated 1947 and 1948. Coal refuse targets correlated well with existing maps.

Borden, F. Y.; Thompson, D. N.; Lachowski, H. M.

1973-01-01

241

Social Skills Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The term “social skills” encompasses an array of learned behaviors that share the common goal of maintaining or increasing\\u000a reinforcement within a social context. Deficits in social skills can occur at any developmental period and are not likely\\u000a to improve spontaneously because impaired social skills impede interactions with other people. In turn, unsatisfying or disruptive\\u000a interactions exacerbate social skill deficits

Ashley J. Smith; Judith A. Jordan; Mary Fran Flood; David J. Hansen

242

Microwave plasma assisted pyrolysis of refuse derived fuels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work combined plasma reactivity and pyrolysis for conversion of solid wastes. Decomposition of refuse derived fuel (RDF) and its combustible components (paper, biomass, and plastic) in an 800 W microwave plasma reactor was investigated at varying argon flow rates of 0.50 to 1.25 lpm for 3 minutes. The characteristic bright light emission of plasma was observed with calculated maximum power density of about 35 W/cm3. The RDF and its components were successfully converted into char and combustible gas. The average char yield was found to be 12-21% of the original mass, with a gross calorific value of around 39 MJ/kg. The yield of the product gas was in the range 1.0-1.7 m3/kg. The combustible gas generated from the pyrolysis of the RDF contained about 14% H2, 66% CO, and 4% CH4 of the detected gas mass, with a heating value of 11 MJ/m3. These products are potentially marketable forms of clean energy.

Khongkrapan, Parin; Thanompongchart, Patipat; Tippayawong, Nakorn; Kiatsiriroat, Tanongkiat

2014-03-01

243

Balanced Skills and Entrepreneurship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Entrepreneurs are generalists who put together teams of people and assemble resources and capital. To do this effectively, they must have a general set of skills. Individuals may be endowed with a general set of skills, but endowments can be augmented by investment in human capital. It is shown that formal schooling is used to supplement the skill set of

Edward P. Lazear

2004-01-01

244

Construction & Basic Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic skills education has become a pressing need in the construction industry as jobs become more complex and fewer workers have needed skills. However, the construction industry lags in spending on training for entry-level workers. The Home Builders Institute (HBI) is testing a pilot basic skills program that it hopes will prove useful to the…

BCEL Newsletter for the Business and Literacy Communities, 1991

1991-01-01

245

School Leadership Skill Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between what is currently understood about skills for school leadership and the need for a greater understanding of those skills. The importance of developing leadership skills to improve school performance and effectiveness is great. In the field of school leadership, most leaders…

Weigel, Richard A.

2013-01-01

246

How to justify enforcing a Ulysses contract when Ulysses is competent to refuse.  

PubMed

Sometimes the mentally ill have sufficient mental capacity to refuse treatment competently, and others have a moral duty to respect their refusal. However, those with episodic mental disorders may wish to precommit themselves to treatment, using Ulysses contracts known as "mental health advance directives." How can health care providers justify enforcing such contracts over an agent's current, competent refusal? I argue that providers respect an agent's autonomy not retrospectively--by reference to his or her past wishes-and not merely synchronically--so that the agent gets what he or she wants right now-but diachronically and prospectively, acting so that the agent can shape his or her circumstances as the agent wishes over time, for the agent will experience the consequences of providers' actions over time. Mental health directives accomplish this, so they are a way of respecting the agent's autonomy even when providers override the agent's current competent refusal. PMID:18561579

Davis, John K

2008-03-01

247

9 CFR 327.10 - Samples; inspection of consignments; refusal of entry; marking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Samples; inspection of consignments; refusal...Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION...

2011-01-01

248

9 CFR 304.2 - Information to be furnished; grant or refusal of inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...furnished; grant or refusal of inspection. 304.2 Section 304...Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION...

2010-01-01

249

9 CFR 327.10 - Samples; inspection of consignments; refusal of entry; marking.  

...2014-01-01 false Samples; inspection of consignments; refusal...Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION...

2014-01-01

250

9 CFR 327.10 - Samples; inspection of consignments; refusal of entry; marking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Samples; inspection of consignments; refusal...Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION...

2012-01-01

251

9 CFR 327.10 - Samples; inspection of consignments; refusal of entry; marking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Samples; inspection of consignments; refusal...Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION...

2013-01-01

252

9 CFR 304.2 - Information to be furnished; grant or refusal of inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...furnished; grant or refusal of inspection. 304.2 Section 304...Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION...

2011-01-01

253

9 CFR 304.2 - Information to be furnished; grant or refusal of inspection.  

...furnished; grant or refusal of inspection. 304.2 Section 304...Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION...

2014-01-01

254

9 CFR 327.10 - Samples; inspection of consignments; refusal of entry; marking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Samples; inspection of consignments; refusal...Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION...

2010-01-01

255

9 CFR 304.2 - Information to be furnished; grant or refusal of inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...furnished; grant or refusal of inspection. 304.2 Section 304...Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION...

2013-01-01

256

7 CFR 4280.148 - Refusal to execute Loan Note Guarantee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS AND GRANTS Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Efficiency Improvements Program Section B. Guaranteed Loans § 4280.148 Refusal to execute...

2010-01-01

257

32 CFR 720.9 - Circumstances in which delivery is refused.  

...2014-07-01 false Circumstances in which delivery is refused. 720.9 Section 720... DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY PERSONNEL DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL; SERVICE OF PROCESS AND SUBPOENAS; PRODUCTION OF OFFICIAL RECORDS Delivery of Personnel § 720.9...

2014-07-01

258

32 CFR 720.9 - Circumstances in which delivery is refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Circumstances in which delivery is refused. 720.9 Section 720... DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY PERSONNEL DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL; SERVICE OF PROCESS AND SUBPOENAS; PRODUCTION OF OFFICIAL RECORDS Delivery of Personnel § 720.9...

2013-07-01

259

32 CFR 720.9 - Circumstances in which delivery is refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Circumstances in which delivery is refused. 720.9 Section 720... DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY PERSONNEL DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL; SERVICE OF PROCESS AND SUBPOENAS; PRODUCTION OF OFFICIAL RECORDS Delivery of Personnel § 720.9...

2012-07-01

260

32 CFR 720.9 - Circumstances in which delivery is refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Circumstances in which delivery is refused. 720.9 Section 720... DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY PERSONNEL DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL; SERVICE OF PROCESS AND SUBPOENAS; PRODUCTION OF OFFICIAL RECORDS Delivery of Personnel § 720.9...

2011-07-01

261

32 CFR 720.9 - Circumstances in which delivery is refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Circumstances in which delivery is refused. 720.9 Section 720... DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY PERSONNEL DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL; SERVICE OF PROCESS AND SUBPOENAS; PRODUCTION OF OFFICIAL RECORDS Delivery of Personnel § 720.9...

2010-07-01

262

Creating Opportunities: Tennessee's Southeast Regional Skills Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural Marion County (Tennessee), the town of Kimball, the Appalachian Regional Commission, and a local community college founded a regional skills center. The center offers a 2-year associate of science degree and classes in GED preparation, parenting, drug abuse prevention, cosmetology, and air conditioning and refrigeration. It has expanded…

Baldwin, Fred D.

2002-01-01

263

Behavioral role-play and cognitive measures of women's ability to refuse unwanted sexual advances  

E-print Network

BEHAVIORAL ROLE-PLAY AND COGNITIVE MEASURES OF WOMEN'S ABILITY TO REFUSE UNWANTED SEXUAL ADVANCES A Thesis LAURIE ANNE FLARITY-WHITE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1988 Major Subject: Psychology BEHAVIORAL ROLE-PLAY AND COGNITIVE MEASURES OF WOMEN'S ABILITY TO REFUSE UNWANTED SEXUAL ADVANCES A Thesis LAURIE ANNE FLARITY-WHITE Approved as to style and content by: Charlene L...

Flarity-White, Laurie Anne

1988-01-01

264

Simulation of Hindered-Settling Column Separations When Processing Fine Anthracite Refuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

A phenomenological model, termed “the dynamic hindered-settling model,” was used to evaluate the performance of a hindered-settling column when processing fine anthracite refuse. The model parameters were based in part on test conditions used in a previous study evaluating the use of a laboratory hindered-settling column for recovering ? 1.2 mm anthracite from refuse material. Simulations were carried out to assess column performance

Bruce H. Kim; Mark S. Klima

2004-01-01

265

The Mediating and Moderating Effects of Parent and Peer Influences upon Drug Use among African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study recruited 567 African American youth (mean age = 15.27 years; 65.1% girls) to examine the role of parent and peer contexts on drug use among African American adolescents. Data were collected on demographics, drug refusal efficacy, drug use, and various psychosocial factors including family and peer factors. When controlling for age and…

Clark, Trenette T.; Belgrave, Faye Z.; Abell, Melissa

2012-01-01

266

Campus Health/forms/2013,06,07 AGREEMENT TO SUBMIT TO AN ALCOHOL AND/OR DRUG TEST  

E-print Network

Campus Health/forms/2013,06,07 AGREEMENT TO SUBMIT TO AN ALCOHOL AND/OR DRUG TEST AND AUTHORIZATION FOR THE RELEASE OF TEST RESULTS I have been requested by LSUHSC to submit to an alcohol and/or drug test and/or drug test is completely voluntary on my part and that I have the right to refuse to submit

267

21 CFR 514.111 - Refusal to approve an application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...by scientific training and experience to evaluate the safety of such drugs, are appropriate for the use of animal experimentation data; and (iv) Whether the conditions of use prescribed, recommended, or suggested in the proposed...

2010-04-01

268

76 FR 46820 - Proposal To Refuse To Approve a Supplemental New Drug Application for Bromday (Bromfenac...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...beginning 24 hours after surgery, whereas Bromday...continuing on the day of surgery and for 14 days...cataract removal surgeries in both eyes, and...risk of microbial infection. Accordingly...3)) until after an advisory...

2011-08-03

269

Nevada Skills Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Nevada Department of Education Career & Technical Ed webpage hosts downloadable skills standards for various areas. Some areas of interest for the manufacturing industry are:Automotive Technology Computer-Aided Drafting & Design Metalworking Skills Standards Welding Skills Standards This resource is based on the Advanced Manufacturing Competency Model. A detailed description of the model is located at: http://www.careeronestop.org/CompetencyModel/pyramid.aspx?hg=Y

2009-11-26

270

The Use of Patient Instructors to Teach Interviewing Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program using patient instructors programmed with a history of hypertension, chronic pulmonary disease, or congestive heart failure to teach and evaluate pharmacy students' interviewing skills is described. Content areas included drug therapy, adverse reactions, drug interactions, etc. (Author/MSE)

Gardner, Marie E.; And Others

1983-01-01

271

Are they really refusing to travel? A qualitative study of prehospital records  

PubMed Central

Background Refusal by the patient to travel after calling an emergency ambulance may lead to a preventable waste of scarce resources if it can be shown that an alternative more appropriate response could be employed. A greater understanding is required of the reasons behind 'refusal to travel' (RTT) in order to find appropriate solutions to address this issue. We sought to investigate the reasons why patients refuse to travel following emergency call-out in a rural county. Methods Written records made by ambulance crews for patients (n = 397) who were not transported to hospital following an emergency call-out during October 2004 were retrospectively analysed. Results Twelve main themes emerged for RTT which included non injury or minor injury, falls and recovery after treatment on scene; other themes included alternative supervision, follow-up and treatment arrangements or patients arranging their own transport. Importantly, only 8% of the sample was recorded by ambulance crews as truly refusing to travel against advice. Conclusion A system that facilitates standardised recording of RTT information including social reasons for non-transportation needs to be designed. 'Refused to travel' disclaimers need to reflect instances when crew and patient are satisfied that not going to hospital is the right outcome. These recommendations should be considered within the context of the plans for widening the role of ambulance services. PMID:16984647

Shaw, Deborah; Dyas, Jane V; Middlemass, Jo; Spaight, Anne; Briggs, Maureen; Christopher, Sarah; Siriwardena, A Niroshan

2006-01-01

272

Use of wet FGD material for revegetation of an abandoned acidic coal refuse pile  

SciTech Connect

Wet FGD material has a neutralizing potential of 15% CaCO{sub 3}. These properties may make it a beneficial amendment for revegetation of hyper-acidic coal refuse. In greenhouse and field experiments, coal refuse (pH = 2.5) was amended with wet FGD (300, 500, and 700 tons/acre). Amendment with FGD was as effective as agricultural lime (AL) in increasing refuse pH and decreasing soluble Al and Fe. Addition of compost to the FGD further increased pH and decreased soluble Al and Fe. Downward transport of Ca was greater with FGD than AL, but FGD did not increase leachate concentrations of S. Amendment with FGD increased refuse, leachate and plant tissue concentrations of B. Other trace elements were not increased by FGD. In the greenhouse, plant growth was similar with AL and FGD except during the first three months when AL produced more growth than FGD. The initial growth suppression by FGD was likely due to high soluble salts, and possibly by high B concentrations. During the first year of the field experiment plant growth was greater with FGD than with AL. In both the field and greenhouse experiments compost increased plant growth when combined with FGD. These experiments show revegetation of toxic coal refuse and improvement in drainage water quality is possible by amendment with FGD. Revegetation success will be improved by combined amendment with FGD and compost.

Mafi, S. [American Electric Power, Columbus, OH (United States); Stehouwer, R.C. [Ohio State Univ., Wooster, OH (United States). School of Natural Resources

1996-12-31

273

Transitional paternalism: how shared normative powers give rise to the asymmetry of adolescent consent and refusal.  

PubMed

In many jurisdictions, adolescents acquire the right to consent to treatment; but in some cases their refusals - e.g. of life-saving treatment - may not be respected. This asymmetry of adolescent consent and refusal seems puzzling, even incoherent. The aim here is to offer an original explanation, and a justification, of this asymmetry. Rather than trying to explain the asymmetry in terms of a variable standard of competence - where the adolescent is competent to consent to, but not refuse, certain interventions - the account offered here focuses more closely on the normative power to render actions permissible. Where normative powers are shared they can readily give rise to an asymmetry between consent and refusal. We then turn to why it is justifiable that normative powers be shared in adolescence. Transitional paternalism holds that the acquisition of normative powers by competent adolescents should not be an instant one, achieved in a single step, but that there should be a transitional period where paternalistic protection is rolled back, but not entirely withdrawn until a later date. Transitional paternalism could be implemented without generating the asymmetry between consent and refusal but, it is argued, the asymmetric version of transitional paternalism is to be preferred insofar as it offers a greater respect for the adolescent's decisions than the symmetrical alternative. PMID:24547962

Manson, Neil C

2015-02-01

274

Drug Offers as a Context for Violence Perpetration and Victimization  

PubMed Central

Objective Drug use has been linked empirically with aggression and violence among youth in national and State of Hawai`i samples. However, the nature of this link and its implications for prevention are unclear. Therefore, this paper explores the intersection of drugs with aggression and violence by using the drug offer context as the unit of analysis. Method Native Hawaiian youth are sampled because substance use rates tend to be higher and onset tends to be earlier than their non-Hawaiian peers. Fourteen sex-specific focus group discussions were held with rural Native Hawaiian middle school students (N=64). Students discussed what they thought they would do in terms of drug refusal strategies in a variety of drug offer contexts. Results While aggression and violence were perceived to be socially inappropriate, students nonetheless felt drug use would be less socially competent. Narrative analyses indicated aggression and violence were perceived to function as potential drug refusal strategies. As proximal drug resistance, aggression and violence perpetration served as an immediate deterrent to the drug offerer, and thus drug use. As distal drug resistance, victimization served as a rationale for avoiding drug using contexts. Conclusions Implications are discussed in terms of prevention policy and practice, specifically in terms of a school-based prevention curriculum. Future research in Hawaiian epistemology and gendered approaches are warranted. PMID:24564559

Helm, Susana; Okamoto, Scott; Kaliades, Alexis; Giroux, Danielle

2014-01-01

275

Critical Thinking Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of a quarterly newsletter focuses on the theme of critical thinking skills. "Critical Thinking Skills: An Interview with Dr. Richard Paul" (Barbara Christopher) is the text of an interview in which the director of research at Sonoma State University's Center for Critical Thinking examines the meaning of critical thinking and the ways…

Word's Worth: A Quarterly Newsletter of the Lifelong Learning Network, 1998

1998-01-01

276

Knowledge & Skills Foundations  

E-print Network

methods and contextual understanding, critical thinking and hands-on skills. Basic Knowledge In the fields Charitable Trusts the sciences employ critical thinking skills as they learn scientific concepts. Beyond mere with scientific experiments but does not replace the thinking processes required to estimate, question and solve

Hood, Craig

277

Teaching Basic Caregiver Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's guide provides materials for a nursing skills course designed to teach basic home nursing skills to families who plan to care for a chronically ill or elderly family member at home. It may be taught by a registered nurse with knowledge of all areas or by a team, with each instructor concentrating on his/her area of expertise.…

Schenk, Susan, Ed.; Harrah, Doris, Ed.

278

Early Communicative Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for parents and teachers, the manual offers guidelines for developing communication skills in severely and profoundly mentally handicapped children. An introduction helps the reader determine a suitable starting point and provides a description of early communication skills; Part II describes the five stages in communication development.…

MacKay, Gilbert F.; Dunn, William R.

279

Electromechanical Technician Skills Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains test items to measure the job skills of electromechanical technicians. Questions are organized in four sections that cover the following topics: (1) shop math; (2) electricity and electronics; (3) mechanics and machining; and (4) plumbing, heating, ventilation and air conditioning, and welding skills. Questions call for…

Anoka-Hennepin Technical Coll., Minneapolis, MN.

280

LabSkills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes LabSkills, a revolutionary teaching tool to improve practical science in schools. LabSkills offers the chance to help improve the exposure that the average Key Stage 5 (age 16-19) student has to practical work. This is a huge area for development being highlighted by universities who are seeing a worryingly growing trend in…

O'Brien, Nick

2010-01-01

281

More Life Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to supplement already existing life skills instructional materials, this manual consists of 30 lessons to help students develop general, transferrrable skills in four areas--attending behaviors, cognition, self-management, and critical thinking. The following topics are among those covered in the lessons: eye contact, body posture,…

Hearn, Joan

282

Testing Skills in Vertebrates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors present a project that gives students examples of basic skills that many vertebrate species develop as they grow and function in their ecosystem. These activities involve information gathering about surroundings, learning how to use objects, and tracking and searching skills. Different vertebrate species may acquire…

Funk, Mildred Sears; Tosto, Pat

2007-01-01

283

Michigan Consumer Education Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet identifies consumer skills which a committee of the Michigan Consumers Council believes are essential for students to master prior to graduation from high school. The purpose of the document is to give direction to school districts and teachers on which consumer education skills are needed. The booklet does not contain teaching methods…

Michigan State Consumers Council, Lansing.

284

Skills for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains two miniunits to help students in grades 7-12 build skills for the future. The exercises can also be adapted for use in grades 4-6. Each of the miniunits contains several exercises to build specific skills. Miniunit One, "The Arithmetic of Growth," deals with two concepts--exponential growth and doubling time. These two…

Smith, Gary R.

285

Building Science Process Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A well-designed and executed field trip experience serves not only to enrich and supplement course content, but also creates opportunities to build basic science process skills. This article describes an onsite trip to the Bronx Zoo that allowed collaborating students to develop acquisitive and organizational skills while exploring rain forest habitat characteristics and species diversity.

Anthony V. DeFina

2006-01-01

286

Elementary TIG Welding Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The text was prepared to help deaf students develop the skills needed by an employed welder. It uses simplified language and illustrations to present concepts which should be reinforced by practical experience with welding skills. Each of the 12 lessons contains: (1) an information section with many illustrations which presents a concept or…

Pierson, John E., III

287

Decision-Making Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue emphasizes decision-making skills. Human beings are constantly confronted with choices in all aspects of life. The five basic skill categories in the decision-making process are identified and explained: (1) Conceptualizing; (2) Sequencing; (3) Creating Alternative Sequences; (4) Evaluating Alternatives; and (5) Implementing a Decision.…

Hartoonian, H. Michael; Laughlin, Margaret A.

1986-01-01

288

Not-so-Soft Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much recent discussion about the skills needed to secure Britain's economic recovery has focused on skills for employability. However, too often, these fundamental skills are understood in narrow functional or vocational terms. So-called "soft skills", what Penelope Tobin, in her 2008 paper "Soft Skills: the hard facts", terms "traits and…

Curran, Mary

2010-01-01

289

[Small mammals at community refuse dumps as reservoirs of pathogens and parasites].  

PubMed

Five-year studies (1981-1986) were performed to investigate a total number of 2589 small mammals of 18 species. Refuse dumps are marked for highly specific conditions. The difference between refuse dumps and natural habitats consists in more sufficient quantity of food, better sheltering possibilities and in highly specific microclimate particularly. As a result of aerobic and anaerobic decompositions of organic materials, temperature in dumps is approximately 50 degrees C. From ecological point of view mammalian populations in refuse dumps could be classified in three groups according to the degree of their adaptation to this specific habitat: 1. permanent, abundant species, well-adapted to and closely connected with the habitat of dumps (Crocidura suaveolens, Mus musculus, Rattus norvegicus, Apodemus sylvaticus, Microtus arvalis), 2. permanent, common species which are, however, loosely connected with this habitat (Sorex araneus, Mustela nivalis), 3. rare species whose occurrence in this habitat is largely accidental.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1807042

Vlcek, M

1991-09-01

290

Experimental studies of the production of lightweight aggregate from fly ash/coal cleaning refuse mixtures  

SciTech Connect

In this work, a granulation/sintering process have been developed for the manufacture of lightweight aggregate from coal cleaning refuse and fly ash. The resulting granules have the properties required of a lightweight aggregate. It is important to note, however, that while these properties can be measured and evaluated, it is difficult to identify a good aggregate other than by showing that it can be used to make good concrete. Tests on the aggregate alone are helpful in assessing its suitability, but the final criterion must be performance in concrete. This evaluation remains to be done for the refuse/fly ash aggregate. 7 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

Burnet, G.; Gokhale, A.J.

1987-01-01

291

Wages and Skills Utilization: Effect of Broad Skills and Generic Skills on Wages in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many people go for training to upgrade their skills which is hoped to pave the way for better pay. But what are the kinds of skills that really affect wages? Employers have emphasized the value of generic skills such as interpersonal and communication skills, teamwork and problem solving. Does possession of these skills translate to at least the…

Ramos, Catherine R.; Ng, Michael Chi Man; Sung, Johnny; Loke, Fiona

2013-01-01

292

Test procedures for the determination of the gross calorific value of refuse and refuse-derived-fuels by oxygen bomb calorimetry. Summary of the 1977 fiscal year results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gross calorific values have been determined for refuse-derived-fuels (RDF) from two manufacturers, Teledyne National and Combustion Equipment Associates. Test procedures used are modifications of those used for coal and coke. The calorific values (moisture- and ash-free basis) obtained for Teledyne National RDF ranged from 24.51 to 25.20 MJ kg⁻¹ (10,539 to 10,835 Btu 1b⁻¹) with a standard deviation of 0.8

D. R. Kirklin; D. J. Mitchell; J. Cohen; E. S. Domalski; S. Abramowitz

1978-01-01

293

45 CFR 1159.11 - How can I appeal a refusal to amend or correct an Endowment record?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...appeal a refusal to amend or correct an Endowment record? 1159.11 Section 1159...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE...appeal a refusal to amend or correct an Endowment record? (a) You may...

2013-10-01

294

45 CFR 1159.11 - How can I appeal a refusal to amend or correct an Endowment record?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...appeal a refusal to amend or correct an Endowment record? 1159.11 Section 1159...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE...appeal a refusal to amend or correct an Endowment record? (a) You may...

2011-10-01

295

45 CFR 1159.11 - How can I appeal a refusal to amend or correct an Endowment record?  

...appeal a refusal to amend or correct an Endowment record? 1159.11 Section 1159...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE...appeal a refusal to amend or correct an Endowment record? (a) You may...

2014-10-01

296

45 CFR 1159.11 - How can I appeal a refusal to amend or correct an Endowment record?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...appeal a refusal to amend or correct an Endowment record? 1159.11 Section 1159...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE...appeal a refusal to amend or correct an Endowment record? (a) You may...

2012-10-01

297

45 CFR 1159.11 - How can I appeal a refusal to amend or correct an Endowment record?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...appeal a refusal to amend or correct an Endowment record? 1159.11 Section 1159...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE...appeal a refusal to amend or correct an Endowment record? (a) You may...

2010-10-01

298

A comparative life cycle assessment of diesel and compressed natural gas powered refuse collection vehicles in a Canadian city  

E-print Network

A comparative life cycle assessment of diesel and compressed natural gas powered refuse collection 2012 Keywords: Life cycle assessment (LCA) Compressed natural gas (CNG) Refuse collection vehicle (RCV-carbon alternatives to conventional gasoline and diesel vehicles. The compressed natural gas (CNG) powered vehicle

Pedersen, Tom

299

A trade-off generated by sexual conflict: Mediterranean wrasse males refuse present mates to increase future success  

Microsoft Academic Search

A variety of mechanisms, including intrasexual competition, intersexual conflict, and physiological constraints, can explain patterns of reproduction and the adaptive value of specific behaviors. In a Mediterranean wrasse, Symphodus ocellatus (Labridae), large, nesting males occasionally refuse to spawn with willing females in the presence of small, sneaker males. We explored the possible adaptive significance of this behavior. Nesting males refuse

Suzanne Henson Alonzo; Robert R. Warner

1999-01-01

300

45 CFR 1182.11 - Procedures for appealing a refusal to amend or correct an Institute record.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Procedures for appealing a refusal to amend or correct an Institute record. 1182...OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1182.11 Procedures for appealing a refusal to amend or correct an Institute...

2013-10-01

301

45 CFR 1182.11 - Procedures for appealing a refusal to amend or correct an Institute record.  

... 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Procedures for appealing a refusal to amend or correct an Institute record. 1182...OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1182.11 Procedures for appealing a refusal to amend or correct an Institute...

2014-10-01

302

45 CFR 1182.11 - Procedures for appealing a refusal to amend or correct an Institute record.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Procedures for appealing a refusal to amend or correct an Institute record. 1182...OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1182.11 Procedures for appealing a refusal to amend or correct an Institute...

2012-10-01

303

45 CFR 1182.11 - Procedures for appealing a refusal to amend or correct an Institute record.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procedures for appealing a refusal to amend or correct an Institute record. 1182...OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1182.11 Procedures for appealing a refusal to amend or correct an Institute...

2010-10-01

304

45 CFR 1182.11 - Procedures for appealing a refusal to amend or correct an Institute record.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Procedures for appealing a refusal to amend or correct an Institute record. 1182...OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1182.11 Procedures for appealing a refusal to amend or correct an Institute...

2011-10-01

305

Mapping Refuse Profile in Singapore Old Dumping Ground through Electrical Resistivity, S-Wave Velocity and Geotechnical Monitoring.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to track the refuse profile in Lorong Halus Dumping Ground, the largest landfill in Singapore, by electrical resistivity and surface wave velocity after 25 years of closure. Data were analyzed using an orthogonal set of plots by spreading 24 lines in two perpendicular geophone-orientation directions. Both geophysical techniques determined that refuse boundary depth was 13 ± 2 m. The refuse boundary revealed a certain degree of variance, mainly ascribed to the different principle of measurements, as well as the high heterogeneity of the subsurface. Discrepancy was higher in spots with greater heterogeneity. 3D analysis was further conducted detecting refuse pockets, leachate mounding and gas channels. Geotechnical monitoring (borehole) confirmed geophysical outcomes tracing different layers such as soil capping, decomposed refuse materials and inorganic wastes. Combining the geophysical methods with borehole monitoring, a comprehensive layout of the dumping site was presented showing the hot spots of interests. PMID:25427774

Yin, Ke; Tong, Huan Huan; Noh, Omar; Wang, Jing-Yuan; Giannis, Apostolos

2014-11-27

306

Correlates of Inconsistent Refusal of Unprotected Sex among Armenian Female Sex Workers  

PubMed Central

This cross-sectional study assessed the prevalence and correlates of inconsistent refusal of unprotected sex among female sex workers (FSWs) in Armenia. One hundred and eighteen street-based FSWs between the ages of 20 and 52 completed a questionnaire assessing FSWs' demographic, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics. A total of 52.5% (n = 62) of FSWs reported inconsistent refusal of unprotected sex with clients in the past 3 months. Logistic regression analysis controlling for participants' age and education revealed that perceiving more barriers toward condom use (AOR = 1.1; P < 0.01), reporting more types of abuse (AOR = 2.1; P < 0.01), and setting lower fees for service (AOR = 0.9; P = 0.02) significantly predicted inconsistent refusal of unprotected sex. HIV-risk-reduction behavioral interventions tailored to FSWs working in Yerevan Armenia should address the factors identified in this study toward the goal of enhancing refusal of unprotected sex and ultimately preventing acquisition of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV. PMID:25349727

Markosyan, Karine; Lang, Delia L.; DiClemente, Ralph J.

2014-01-01

307

DEMONSTRATION TEST OF REFUSE-DERIVED FUEL AS A SUPPLEMENTAL FUEL IN CEMENT KILNS  

EPA Science Inventory

Fluff refuse-derived fuel (RDF) from Baltimore County, Maryland, residential solid waste was successfully tested as a supplementary fuel with pulverized coal in a large rotary cement kiln. RDF was produced at the Baltimore County Resource Recovery Facility, a joint project of Bal...

308

The influence of compound additive on magnesium oxychloride cement\\/urban refuse floor tile  

Microsoft Academic Search

The magnesium oxychloride cement floor tile was produced by using magnesium oxychloride cement and urban refuse. In order to improve the physical performances of the magnesium oxychloride cement floor tile, phosphate, stearic acid–styrene acrylic acids copolymer emulsion were adopted. It was educed that the compound additive could reduce the water-absorption and warp distortion, improve intenerating coefficient, and greatly ameliorate the

Jianquan Li; Guozhong Li; Yanzhen Yu

2008-01-01

309

Additive, Multi-Component Treatment of Emerging Refusal Topographies in a Pediatric Feeding Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study describes inter-disciplinary treatment of chronic food refusal and tube dependency in a 2-year-old female with a pediatric feeding disorder. Evidence-based behavioral components--including escape extinction (EE), differential reinforcement of alterative mealtime behavior (DRA), and stimulus fading--were introduced sequentially as…

Sharp, William G.; Jaquess, David L.; Bogard, Jennifer D.; Morton, Jane F.

2010-01-01

310

9 CFR 590.330 - When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused. 590.330 Section...EGG PRODUCTS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Appeal of An Inspection Or Decision § 590.330 When an...

2013-01-01

311

7 CFR 57.330 - When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused. 57.330 Section...Regulations Governing the Inspection of Eggs Appeal of An Inspection § 57.330 When an application for...

2013-01-01

312

7 CFR 57.330 - When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused.  

... 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused. 57.330 Section...Regulations Governing the Inspection of Eggs Appeal of An Inspection § 57.330 When an application for...

2014-01-01

313

9 CFR 590.330 - When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused. 590.330 Section...EGG PRODUCTS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Appeal of An Inspection Or Decision § 590.330 When an...

2010-01-01

314

7 CFR 57.330 - When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused. 57.330 Section...Regulations Governing the Inspection of Eggs Appeal of An Inspection § 57.330 When an application for...

2010-01-01

315

9 CFR 590.330 - When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused.  

... 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused. 590.330 Section...EGG PRODUCTS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Appeal of An Inspection Or Decision § 590.330 When an...

2014-01-01

316

9 CFR 590.330 - When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused. 590.330 Section...EGG PRODUCTS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Appeal of An Inspection Or Decision § 590.330 When an...

2011-01-01

317

7 CFR 57.330 - When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused. 57.330 Section...Regulations Governing the Inspection of Eggs Appeal of An Inspection § 57.330 When an application for...

2011-01-01

318

7 CFR 57.330 - When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused. 57.330 Section...Regulations Governing the Inspection of Eggs Appeal of An Inspection § 57.330 When an application for...

2012-01-01

319

9 CFR 590.330 - When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false When an application for an appeal inspection may be refused. 590.330 Section...EGG PRODUCTS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Appeal of An Inspection Or Decision § 590.330 When an...

2012-01-01

320

Using Food Redistribution to Reduce Packing in Children with Severe Food Refusal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Positive- and negative-reinforcement-based procedures typically have targeted acceptance for children with severe food refusal; however, these procedures do not always result in successful swallowing. Once acceptance is achieved, some children expel the food repeatedly or pack (hold or pocket) it in their mouths for extended periods of time. This…

Gulotta, Charles S.; Piazza, Cathleen C.; Patel, Meeta R.; Layer, Stacy A.

2005-01-01

321

Why parents refuse childhood vaccination: a qualitative study using online focus groups  

PubMed Central

Background In high income countries, vaccine-preventable diseases have been greatly reduced through routine vaccination programs. Despite this success, many parents question, and a small proportion even refuse vaccination for their children. As no qualitative studies have explored the factors behind these decisions among Dutch parents, we performed a study using online focus groups. Methods In total, eight online focus groups (n?=?60) which included Dutch parents with at least one child, aged 0–4 years, for whom they refused all or part of the vaccinations within the National Immunization Program (NIP). A thematic analysis was performed to explore factors that influenced the parents’ decisions to refuse vaccination. Results Refusal of vaccination was found to reflect multiple factors including family lifestyle; perceptions about the child’s body and immune system; perceived risks of disease, vaccine efficacy, and side effects; perceived advantages of experiencing the disease; prior negative experience with vaccination; and social environment. The use of online focus groups proved to be an effective qualitative research method providing meaningful data. Conclusion Information provided by the NIP turned out to be insufficient for this group of parents. More trust in the NIP and deliberate decisions might result from increased parental understanding of lifestyle and disease susceptibility, the impact of vaccinations on the immune system, and the relative risks of diseases and their vaccines. The public health institute should also inform parents that the NIP is recommended but non-mandatory. PMID:24341406

2013-01-01

322

Use of standardized patients to examine physicians’ communication strategies when addressing vaccine refusal: A pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vaccine refusal is increasingly reported but few direct observations of the communication between physicians and parents skeptical about vaccines have been made. In a pilot study, a standardized patient posing as an expectant mother (standardized mother, SM) opposed to immunization met with blinded community physicians under the pretext of prenatal interviews. Persuasive communication strategies were scored using a standardized questionnaire.

Kristina A. Bryant; Gina C. Wesley; Jo Ann Wood; Carol Hines; Gary S. Marshall

2009-01-01

323

TEST FIRING REFUSE-DERIVED FUEL IN AN INDUSTRIAL COAL-FIRED BOILER  

EPA Science Inventory

The Research Program entitled, 'Test Firing Refuse Derived Fuel in an Industrial Coal-Fired Boiler' evaluates the performance of an industrial boiler when co-firing coal and RDF. An optimum boiler operating load and RDF feed rate was determined for the boiler tested. Boiler effic...

324

ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF OIL AGGLOMERATION FOR RECOVERY OF FINE COAL REFUSE  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of an evaluation of the economics of an oil-agglomeration process (with and without an oil recovery system) for recovering coal fines from a fine refuse stream of 105 ton/hr from a coal preparation plant. The two base case processes studied are oil-agglom...

325

Empirically supported treatments in pediatric psychology: Bedtime refusal and night wakings in young children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To review the literature for empirically supported treatments for bedtime refusal and night wakings in young children. Methods: An extensive review of the literature resulted in the inclusion of 41 studies that were evaluated according to the criteria established by the Task Force on Promotion and Dissemination of Psychological Procedures (1995). Results: Evidence exists indicating that extinction and parent

Jodi A. Mindell

1999-01-01

326

Psychological Factors behind Truancy, School Phobia, and School Refusal: A Literature Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Truancy is a problem that normally leads to treatment interventions within different organizations. Within these organizations different perspectives on the causes and consequences of the above problem can be found. The purpose of this literature study is to map out and describe the current state of research within the fields of school refusal

Ek, Hans; Eriksson, Rikard

2013-01-01

327

Cognitive Mediation of Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy Outcomes for Anxiety-Based School Refusal  

PubMed Central

Background Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) has proven to be effective for anxiety-based school refusal, but it is still unknown how CBT for school refusal works, or through which mechanisms. Aims Innovative statistical approaches for analyzing small uncontrolled samples were used to investigate the role of self-efficacy in mediating CBT outcomes for anxiety-based school refusal. Method Participants were 19 adolescents (12 to 17 years) who completed a manual-based cognitive-behavioural treatment. Primary outcomes (school attendance; school-related fear; anxiety) and secondary outcomes (depression; internalizing problems) were assessed at post-treatment and 2-month follow-up. Results Post-treatment increases in school attendance and decreases in fear about attending school the next day were found to be mediated by self-efficacy. Mediating effects were not observed at 2-month follow-up. Conclusions These findings provide partial support for the role of self-efficacy in mediating the outcome of CBT for school refusal. They contribute to a small body of literature suggesting that cognitive change enhances CBT outcomes for young people with internalizing problems. Regarding methodology, the product of coefficient test appears to be a valuable way to study mediation in outcome studies involving small samples. PMID:23017774

Maric, Marija; Heyne, David A.; MacKinnon, David P.; van Widenfelt, Brigit M.; Westenberg, P. Michiel

2013-01-01

328

Alternative fuel trucks case studies: Running refuse haulers on compressed natural gas  

SciTech Connect

This document details the experience of New York City`s compressed natural gas refuse haulers. These 35 ton vehicles have engines that displace 10 liters and provide 240 horsepower. Fuel economy, range, cost, maintenance, repair issues, and emissions are discussed. Photographs and figures illustrate the attributes of these alternative fuel vehicles.

Norton, P.; Kelly, K.

1996-07-01

329

Alternative fuel trucks case studies: Running refuse haulers on compressed natural gas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document details the experience of New York City`s compressed natural gas refuse haulers. These 35 ton vehicles have engines that displace 10 liters and provide 240 horsepower. Fuel economy, range, cost, maintenance, repair issues, and emissions are discussed. Photographs and figures illustrate the attributes of these alternative fuel vehicles.

P. Norton; K. Kelly

1996-01-01

330

Reasons Given by High School Students for Refusing Sexually Transmitted Disease Screening  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine reasons given by high school students for refusing to participate in a school-based noninvasive chlamydia and gonorrhea screening that was offered at no cost to students, using the health belief model as theoretical framework. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: Public high schools in a southern urban United States…

Sanders, Ladatra S.; Nsuami, Malanda; Cropley, Lorelei D.; Taylor, Stephanie N.

2007-01-01

331

APPLYING FABRIC FILTRATION TO REFUSE-FIRED BOILERS: A PILOT-SCALE INVESTIGATION  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of a pilot-scale investigation to determine the techno-economic feasibility of applying fabric filter dust collectors to solid refuse fired boilers. The pilot facility, installed on a slipstream of a 135,000 lb/hr boiler, was sized to handle 9000 acfm at ...

332

ASSESSMENT OF ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS IN EMISSIONS FROM REFUSE-DERIVED FUEL COMBUSTION  

EPA Science Inventory

Organic contaminants in emissions from refuse-derived fuel combustion were investigated in a 20-inch-diameter atmospheric fluidized-bed combustor. Combinations of coal/EcoFuel/MSW/toluene were burned inthe combustor with temperatures ranging from 1250 to 1550 degrees F. A Source ...

333

GASEOUS HC1 AND CHLORINATED ORGANIC COMPOUND EMISSIONS FROM REFUSE FIRED WASTE-TO-ENERGY SYSTEMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The emissions from a water wall mass fired municipal waste incinerator and a refuse derived fuel (RDF) fired incinerator were sampled for chlorinated organic compounds and hydrochloric acid (HCl). The sampling was performed to evaluate the extractive sampling methods used to meas...

334

COAL AND THE ENVIRONMENT ABSTRACT SERIES: BIBLIOGRAPHY ON DISPOSAL OF MINE AND CLEANING PLANT REFUSE  

EPA Science Inventory

This volume is the fifth to appear in the 'Coal and the Environment Abstract Series' and is an updated edition of the 'Bibliography on Disposal of Mine and Clean Plant Refuse'. Other volumes in the series are 'Reclamation of Coal Mined Land' and 'Mine Drainage Bibliography'. In a...

335

The use of town refuse ash in urban agriculture around Jos, Nigeria: health and environmental risks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a study that examines the health and environmental risks of using town refuse ash in urban vegetable production in Jos, Nigeria, in terms of heavy metal accumulation in the food chain. Soil and crop samples, collected from five study farms, and samples of the river water used for irrigation, were analysed for seven heavy metals Fe,

M. W. Pasquini

2006-01-01

336

Influence of Refuse Sites on the Prevalence of Campylobacter spp. and Salmonella Serovars in Seagulls?  

PubMed Central

Wild animals are well-known reservoirs of Campylobacter and Salmonella. We investigated the influence of insalubrious diets on the prevalence of both enterobacteria in seagulls. Campylobacter occurrence in gull chicks sampled along the northeastern Iberian coast was directly related to the degree of refuse consumption. High Salmonella values from the sampling sites did not reflect any dietary relationship. PMID:20208027

Ramos, Raül; Cerdà-Cuéllar, Marta; Ramírez, Francisco; Jover, Lluís; Ruiz, Xavier

2010-01-01

337

COAL/D-RDF (DENSIFIED REFUSE DERIVED FUEL) CO-FIRING PROJECT, MILWAUKEE COUNTY, WISCONSIN  

EPA Science Inventory

A Research and Development Project was carried out to mix a densified refuse derived fuel with coal at the fuel receiving point and to co-fire the mixture in a spreader-stoker fired boiler. Two basic series of test runs were conducted. For the first series, coal was fired to esta...

338

Determinants for refusal of HIV testing among women attending for antenatal care in Gambella Region, Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Background In Gambella region, inhabitants owe socio-cultural factors that might favor refusal for HIV testing service utilization among Antenatal Care attendees. Objective To assess determinants for refusal of HIV testing service utilization among ANC attendees in Gambella Region. Methods A comparative cross sectional study was conducted among ANC attendees from March 2008 to May 2008 in four selected health facilities of Gambella region. Sample size of 332 participants (83 who refused HIV testing and 249 who accepted HIV testing) were taken for the study. The study was supplemented with four focus group discussions. Multivariate binary logistic regression was employed to control for confounding factors. Results When adjusted with other factors pregnant women with 2–3 live births in the past; who claimed divorce as a perceived response of their husband following HIV positive test result; who had not sought agreement from their husband for testing; disclosure of test for husband and being from certain ethnic group (E.g. Mejenger) were independent predictors for refusal of HIV testing among ANC attendees. Conclusion and recommendation Based on the findings, the following recommendations were forwarded: Provision of innovative information and education on the pre-test session for those pregnant women having two or more children; community involvement to tackle stigma; women empowerment; designing couple friendly counseling service; and fighting harmful traditional practices related with decision of HIV testing. PMID:22834566

2012-01-01

339

Predictors of Tobacco and Alcohol Refusal Efficacy for Urban and Rural African-American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to determine the relative contributions of individual, family, peer, and community risk and promotive factors in explaining alcohol and tobacco refusal attitudes among 227 African-American adolescents (ages 12 to 17) from urban and rural areas. Hierarchical linear regression (HLR) results revealed differences in the predictive…

Nasim, Aashir; Belgrave, Faye Z.; Corona, Rosalie; Townsend, Tiffany G.

2009-01-01

340

Experimental studies of the production of lightweight aggregate from fly ash\\/coal cleaning refuse mixtures  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, a granulation\\/sintering process have been developed for the manufacture of lightweight aggregate from coal cleaning refuse and fly ash. The resulting granules have the properties required of a lightweight aggregate. It is important to note, however, that while these properties can be measured and evaluated, it is difficult to identify a good aggregate other than by showing

G. Burnet; A. J. Gokhale

1987-01-01

341

Characteristics of interview refusers: Women who decline to participate in interviews relating to eating  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the eating habits and weight ranges of 27 women who refused to participate in a semistructured interview on eating with 25 women who agreed to participate, to determine if there were any systematic differences between the two groups. Method: The women had previously completed a general psychi- atric interview that also

Tracey Wade; Marika Tiggemann; Nicholas G. Martin; Andrew C. Heath

1997-01-01

342

Invitation and Refusal: A Reading of the Beginnings of Schooling in Aotearoa New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a selective consideration of the scene of the establishment of the first school in New Zealand in 1816. By foregrounding the possible views of the indigenous (Maori) people about schooling, the authors show that the promise of schooling was impossible to fulfil. Our argument is that the first teacher(s)' refusal to learn from the…

Jones, Alison; Jenkins, Kuni

2008-01-01

343

Activated carbons prepared from refuse derived fuel and their gold adsorption characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Activated carbons produced from refuse derived fuel (RDF), which had been prepared from municipal solid waste have been characterized and evaluated for their potential for gold adsorption from gold chloride solution. Pyrolysis of the RDF produced a char, which was then activated via steam gasification to produce activated carbons. Steam gasification of the char at 900°C for 3 h yielded

William K. Buah; Paul T. Williams

2010-01-01

344

Predictors of Tobacco and Alcohol Refusal Efficacy for Urban and Rural African-American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to determine the relative contributions of individual, family, peer, and community risk and promotive factors in explaining alcohol and tobacco refusal attitudes among 227 African-American adolescents (ages 12 to 17) from urban and rural areas. Hierarchical linear regression (HLR) results revealed differences in the predictive value of risk and promotive factors with respect to tobacco and alcohol

Aashir Nasim; Faye Z. Belgrave; Rosalie Corona; Tiffany G. Townsend

2009-01-01

345

Dewatering of fine coal and refuse slurries-problems and possibilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dewatering of fine clean coal and refuse slurry is one of the most important aspects of coal cleaning scenario. It is also adds significant cost to the price of clean coal. This article summarizes the current state-of-the art of dewatering being practiced around the world and discuses some of the upcoming novel dewatering technologies. Hyperbaric filter provides a low moisture

B. K. Parekh

2009-01-01

346

Drink Refusal Training as Part of a Combined Behavioral Intervention: Effectiveness and Mechanisms of Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Many trials have demonstrated the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral interventions for alcohol dependence, yet few studies have examined why particular treatments are effective. This study was designed to evaluate whether drink refusal training was an effective component of a combined behavioral intervention (CBI) and whether change…

Witkiewitz, Katie; Donovan, Dennis M.; Hartzler, Bryan

2012-01-01

347

A refuse-recognition method for radar HRRP target recognition based on mahalanobis distance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the radar automatic target recognition (RATR) system using high resolution range profile (HRRP), if a test sample has not been trained in training phase, it would lead to a full miss classification in test phase. In this paper, we design a classifier based on generalized confidence, which can efficiently refuse-recognize a new target. Firstly, principal component analysis (PCA) method

Liao Kuo; Jiansheng Fu; Yang wanlin

2010-01-01

348

Drying of refuse-derived fuel for energy recovery from municipal solid waste  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cost savings and energy savings from drying and utilization of refuse-derived fuel (RDF) from municipal solid wastes (MSW) are discussed. A ternary system is considered, with ash content defined as the third component (after moisture and solids). Shredding for recovery of materials and energy, air classification of MSW fractions by weight, cost penalties from high ash content in RDF, and

H. P. Sheng

1976-01-01

349

Prediction of the impact of screening on refuse-derived fuel quality. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates systems used to recover refuse derived fuel (RDF) from municipal solid waste and the means of predicting and evluating performance of these systems. In addition to detailed analysis of two resource recovery systems, modeling techniques were employed to predict system performance for different processing options and operating conditions. Models were developed for four unit processes: (1) size

G. J. Trezek; L. F. Diaz; G. M. Savage; R. White

1979-01-01

350

Family environment of youngsters with school refusal behavior: A synopsis with implications for assessment and treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several predominant themes for conceptualizing school refusal behavior in children and adolescents have endured across decades of study, including the idea that problematic family relationships are integral to etiology. We review evidence that several familial subtypes are characteristic of this population. These include enmeshed, conflictive, detached, isolated, and healthy parent-child dyads, as well as mixed familial profiles. Recommendations for educators

Christopher A. Kearney; Wendy K. Silverman

1995-01-01

351

St. Louis demonstration final report: refuse processing plant equipment, facilities, and environmental evaluations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results are presented of processing plant evaluations of the St. Louis-Union Electric Refuse Fuel Project, including equipment and facilities as well as assessment of environmental emissions at both the processing and the power plants. Data on plant material flows and operating parameters, plant operating costs, characteristics of plant material flows, and emissions from various processing operations were obtained during

D. E. Fiscus; P. G. Gorman; M. P. Schrag; L. J. Shannon

1977-01-01

352

ST. LOUIS DEMONSTRATION: REFUSE PROCESSING PLANT EQUIPMENT, FACILITIES, AND ENVIRONMENTAL EVALUATIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

This report presents the results of processing plant evaluations of the St. Louis-Union Electric Refuse Fuel Project, including equipment and facilities as well as assessment of environmental emissions at both the processing and power plants. Data on plant material flows and oper...

353

Perceptions of Refusals to Invitations: Exploring the Minds of Foreign Language Learners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Descriptions of speech act realisations of native and non-native speakers abound in the cross-cultural and interlanguage pragmatics literature. Yet, what is lacking is an analysis of the cognitive processes involved in the production of speech acts. This study examines the cognitive processes and perceptions of learners of Spanish when refusing invitations from a person of equal and higher status. Twenty

J. César Félix-Brasdefer

2008-01-01

354

Preparation of densified refuse-derived fuel on a pilot scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large tonnage quantities of densified refuse-derived fuel (d-RDF) have been prepared processing MSW at rates up to about 18 tph. The process flow is shredding, screening, air classification, secondary shredding in a special ''cutter'' mill, and densification in a modified animal feed pellet mill. The equipment, its operation under two different process flows, the mass balances and the properties of

H. Alter; J. Arnold

1978-01-01

355

Crew Skills and Training  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One of the major focus points for the workshop was the topic of crew skills and training necessary for the Mars surface mission. Discussions centered on the mix of scientific skills necessary to accomplish the proposed scientific goals, and the training environment that can bring the ground and flight teams to readiness. Subsequent discussion resulted in recommendations for specific steps to begin the process of training an experienced Mars exploration team.

Jones, Thomas; Burbank, Daniel C.; Eppler, Dean; Garrison, Robert; Harvey, Ralph; Hoffman, Paul; Schmitt, Harrison

1998-01-01

356

Migration, Skills and Productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on international migration has repeatedly emphasized that the extent and structure of migration has an important impact on the competitiveness of regions and countries. This report provides an overview of the extent and the potential effects of high-skill migration to the EU27. It shows how many high-skilled migrants live in the EU, where these migrants come from, and

Robert Hierländer; Peter Huber; Anna Iara; Michael Landesmann; Klaus Nowotny; Mary OMahony; Fei Peng; Catherine Robinson; Robert Stehrer

2010-01-01

357

Feasibility of landfill gas as a liquefied natural gas fuel source for refuse trucks.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to develop a methodology to evaluate the feasibility of using landfill gas (LFG) as a liquefied natural gas (LNG) fuel source for heavy-duty refuse trucks operating on landfills. Using LFG as a vehicle fuel can make the landfills more self-sustaining, reduce their dependence on fossil fuels, and reduce emissions and greenhouse gases. Acrion Technologies Inc. in association with Mack Trucks Inc. developed a technology to generate LNG from LFG using the CO2 WASH process. A successful application of this process was performed at the Eco Complex in Burlington County, PA. During this application two LNG refuse trucks were operated for 600 hr each using LNG produced from gases from the landfill. The methodology developed in this paper can evaluate the feasibility of three LFG options: doing nothing, electricity generation, and producing LNG to fuel refuse trucks. The methodology involved the modeling of several components: LFG generation, energy recovery processes, fleet operations, economic feasibility, and decision-making. The economic feasibility considers factors such as capital, maintenance, operational, and fuel costs, emissions and tax benefits, and the sale of products such as surplus LNG and food-grade carbon dioxide (CO2). Texas was used as a case study. The 96 landfills in Texas were prioritized and 17 landfills were identified that showed potential for converting LFG to LNG for use as a refuse truck fuel. The methodology was applied to a pilot landfill in El Paso, TX. The analysis showed that converting LFG to LNG to fuel refuse trucks proved to be the most feasible option and that the methodology can be applied for any landfill that considers this option. PMID:18512437

Zietsman, Josias; Bari, Muhammad Ehsanul; Rand, Aaron J; Gokhale, Bhushan; Lord, Dominique; Kumar, Sunil

2008-05-01

358

Characteristics of persons refusing oral polio vaccine during the immunization plus days – Sokoto, Nigeria 2011  

PubMed Central

Introduction Nigeria, the only African country endemic for wild poliovirus, adopted Immunization Plus Days (IPD) to eradicate polio. Refusal of oral polio vaccine (OPV) by heads of households is a significant challenge. In Sokoto state, we determined characteristics of heads of households refusing OPV during IPD in 2011. Methods To evaluate reasons for refusals, we conducted a case control study among heads ofhouseholds accepting or refusing OPV vaccine. Noncompliant households were defined as households refusing OPV vaccination in last three rounds of IPDs while compliant households were those accepting vaccination. Interviewers administered a questionnaire to the heads of households to obtain information on socio-demographics, media habits, and knowledge of IPD. Results Of the 121 (60 cases and 61 controls) interviews, 88 (73%) were from Sokoto north. Noncompliant heads of households were more likely to lack tertiary education (OR = 3.7, 95% CI, 1.6 - 9.2), believe that OPV is not safe (OR = 22, 95% CI, 7.1 - 76), lack access to functional radio (OR = 4.4, 95% CI, 1.4 - 15) and television (OR = 9.4, 95% CI, (1.9 - 63) andget information about IPD from town announcers (OR = 3.9, 95% CI, 1.3 - 12). Conclusion We conclude that noncompliant heads of households compared to compliant heads of households had low level of education, lacked knowledge of immunization, and had negative attitude towards OPV. They get information about OPV from town announcers and lacked access to functional radio and television. We recommended training of town announcers in polio communication and use of key communication messages preceding every round of IPD. PMID:25328629

Mohammed, Abdulaziz; Sabitu, Kabir; Nguku, Patrick; Abanida, Emmanuel; Sheidu, Sadik; Dalhat, Mahmood; Dankoli, Raymond; Gidado, Saheed; Suleiman, Idris

2014-01-01

359

Prevention of adolescent substance abuse through social skill development.  

PubMed

The purpose of this chapter is to evaluate the capability of social skills training approaches for preventing adolescent substance abuse and to suggest directions for future research in this area. Social skills and training are defined from the perspective of social learning theory. Training approaches are then reviewed for their effect on drug use and drug use-related behaviors. The results indicate that social skills training reduces substance use and related behaviors such as aggression, withdrawal, truancy, and stealing in adolescents. Outcome was enhanced by the inclusion of modeling in a training program and the use of normal (versus problem or disordered) adolescents. In addition, discriminant analyses indicated that the more positive outcomes were discriminable by a focus on prevention, experimental rigor, and training comprehensiveness, that is, inclusion of multiple techniques and skills. Follow-up results showed that training effects were maintained, and that they could be generalized to several areas of everyday adolescent functioning. The findings suggest that social skills training is an effective means for substance abuse prevention in adolescents, and that it may have an advantage over more direct prevention methods in terms of long-term generalization capabilities. Finally, several issues are raised for their potential impact on social skills training as a strategy for substance abuse prevention in adolescents. These issues encompass conceptual, methodological, and evaluative domains: development of a taxonomy of person-situation specificity characteristics to increase the validity and reliability of assessment and training procedures; assessment of the relative contribution of individual differences in adolescents to training outcome; identification of qualitative developmental shifts in social skills as adolescents progress through grade, school, and family transitions; and comparison of the maintenance and generalization effects, over time, of social skills training with more direct abuse prevention methods. Guidelines are offered for addressing these issues, as well as directions for the role of social skills training research in future drug abuse prevention efforts. PMID:6419116

Pentz, M A

1983-01-01

360

Lost in the shuffle: The influence of patient classification scheme on views about the relationship between refusal of medication and involvement in important hospital-based outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The approach used to classify patients into “refuser” subgroups can influence conclusions about the relationship between refusal of antipsychotic medication and involvement in important hospital-based outcomes such as the need for seclusion and restraint. Use of a cross-sectional taxonomy led to conclusions which were somewhat negatively biased against “refusers.” In contrast, use of a longitudinal taxonomy which reflects changes in

Phyllis C. Panzano; William V. Rubin

1995-01-01

361

Assessment of Basic Social Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following recent developments in the measurement of individual differences in nonverbal social skills, we proposed a conceptual framework for defining and assessing basic social skills. Preliminary testing resulted in the development of a 105-item, pencil-and-paper measure of seven basic dimensions of social skills, called the Social Skills Inventory (SSI). In a series of validation studies using undergraduate students, the SSI

Ronald E. Riggio

1986-01-01

362

A Center for Communications Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nationwide problem of declining communication skills is evident in the large numbers of students entering college with deficiencies in reading, writing, and speaking skills. This paper discusses the operation of a communication skills program within a college communication skills center which functions as a supportive resource service and…

Coons, Daniel E.

363

Skills Verdict: Must Do Better  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Ambition 2020: World Class Skills and Jobs" is the UK Commission for Employment and Skills' annual assessment, to the four UK nations, of their progress towards becoming "world class" in productivity, employment and skills by 2020. "Ambition 2020" provides a robust independent account of economic and skills developments. This report is the…

Spilsbury, Mark

2010-01-01

364

Soft skills and dental education.  

PubMed

Soft skills and hard skills are essential in the practice of dentistry. While hard skills deal with technical proficiency, soft skills relate to a personal values and interpersonal skills that determine a person's ability to fit in a particular situation. These skills contribute to the success of organisations that deal face-to-face with clients. Effective soft skills benefit the dental practice. However, the teaching of soft skills remains a challenge to dental schools. This paper discusses the different soft skills, how they are taught and assessed and the issues that need to be addressed in their teaching and assessment. The use of the module by the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya for development of soft skills for institutions of higher learning introduced by the Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia. PMID:23574183

Gonzalez, M A G; Abu Kasim, N H; Naimie, Z

2013-05-01

365

Hardened, environmentally disposable composite granules of coal cleaning refuse, coal combustion waste, and other wastes, and method preparing the same  

DOEpatents

A hardened, environmentally inert and disposable composite granule of coal cleaning refuse and coal combustion waste and method for producing the same are disclosed, wherein the coal combustion waste is first granulated. The coal cleaning refuse is pulverized into fine particles and is then bound, as an outer layer, to the granulated coal combustion waste granules. This combination is then combusted and sintered. After cooling, the combination results in hardened, environmentally inert and disposable composite granules having cores of coal combustion waste, and outer shells of coal cleaning refuse. The composite particles are durable and extremely resistant to environmental and chemical forces. 3 figs.

Burnet, G.; Gokhale, A.J.

1990-07-10

366

Hardened, environmentally disposable composite granules of coal cleaning refuse, coal combustion waste, and other wastes, and method preparing the same  

DOEpatents

A hardened, environmentally inert and disposable composite granule of coal cleaning refuse and coal combustion waste, and method for producing the same, wherein the coal combustion waste is first granulated. The coal cleaning refuse is pulverized into fine particles and is then bound, as an outer layer, to the granulated coal combustion waste granules. This combination is then combusted and sintered. After cooling, the combination results in hardened, environmentally inert and disposable composite granules having cores of coal combustion waste, and outer shells of coal cleaning refuse. The composite particles are durable and extremely resistant to environmental and chemical forces.

Burnet, George (Ames, IA); Gokhale, Ashok J. (College Station, TX)

1990-07-10

367

Club Drugs  

MedlinePLUS

... Rohypnol, ketamine, as well as MDMA (ecstasy) and methamphetamine ( Drug Facts: Club Drugs , National Institute on Drug ... Club Drugs , National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2010). Methamphetamine is a powerfully addictive stimulant associated with serious ...

368

A Long Term Field Emissions Study of Natural Gas Fueled Refuse Haulers in New York City  

SciTech Connect

New York City Department of Sanitation has operated natural gas fueled refuse haulers in a pilot study: a major goal of this study was to compare the emissions from these natural gas vehicles with their diesel counterparts. The vehicles were tandem axle trucks with GVW (gross vehicle weight) rating of 69,897 pounds. The primary use of these was for street collection and transporting the refuse to a landfill. West Virginia University Transportable Heavy Duty Emissions Testing Laboratories have been engaged in monitoring the tailpipe emissions from these trucks for seven-years. In the later years of testing the hydrocarbons were speciated for non-methane and methane components. Six of these vehicles employed the older technology (mechanical mixer) Cummins L-10 lean burn natural gas engines. Five trucks were equipped with electronically controlled Detroit Diesel Series 50 lean burn engines, while another five were powered by Caterpillar stoichiometric burn 3306 natural gas engines, The Ca terpillar engines employed an exhaust oxygen sensor feedback and three way catalysts. Since the refuse haulers had automatic Allison transmissions, and since they were employed in stop-and-go city service, initial emissions measurements were made using the Central Business Cycle (SAE Jl376) for buses at 42,000 pound test weight. Some additional measurements were made using an ad hoc cycle that has been designed to be more representative of the real refuse hauler use that included several compaction cycles. The Cummins powered natural gas vehicles showed oxides of nitrogen and carbon monoxide emission variations typically associated with variable fuel mixer performance. In the first Year of testing, the stoichiometric Caterpillar engines yielded low emission levels, but in later years two of these refuse haulers had high carbon monoxide attributed to failure of the feedback system. For example, carbon monoxide on these two vehicles rose from 1.4 g/mile and 10 g/mile in 1995 to 144.9 g/mile and 57.8 g/mile in 1996. These stoichiometric engines were also less fuel efficient than their lean burn counterparts. The Detroit Diesel Series 50 powered refuse haulers produced high levels of oxides of nitrogen. However, it was found that changing the shifting patterns of the transmission lowered the oxides of nitrogen. All three engine types showed the potential for low emissions operation and the particulate matter reduction advantage offered by natural gas was evident from the results.

Nigel N. Clark; Byron l. Rapp; Mridul Gautam; Wenguang Wang; Donald W. Lyons

1998-10-19

369

Drug Tolerance, Drug Addiction, and Drug Anticipation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental cues associated with drugs often elicit withdrawal symptoms and relapse to drug use. Such cues also modulate drug tolerance. The contribution of drug-associated stimuli to withdrawal and tolerance is emphasized in a Pavlovian-conditioning analysis of drug administration. Conditional responses occur in the presence of cues that have been associated with the drug in the past, such as the setting

Shepard Siegel

2005-01-01

370

Adult Literacy and Drug Addiction: What's the Connection?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A core concept in dealing with drug addiction is the relationship between fear and drug use. In order to deal with fear, one response is a job skills class as a positive, ego-building experience in which literacy skills are emphasized in the context of self-discovery. (SK)

Neri, Charles

1990-01-01

371

Editor's Note: Literacy Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Our science and literacy issue is always one of the most popular issues of the year, and we're betting this jam-packed issue will be no exception. Why? There are many probable reasons. Many elementary teachers are more comfortable with teaching science literacy so they look for ways to use their strengths. No Child Left Behind legislation has put the spotlight on literacy in the elementary grades, sometimes pushing science (and social studies and PE and art) out of the busy day. Teaching science with literacy skills may be one way to convey important science skills while still teaching and reinforcing literacy.

Ohana, Chris

2008-11-01

372

Managing employee apprehension toward handling cytotoxic drugs.  

PubMed

A strategy for dealing with employee apprehension about handling cytotoxic agents without a biological safety cabinet is described. Available evidence in the literature concerning the health risks of handling cytotoxic drugs was reviewed with employees. A committee was appointed to evaluate the institution's needs and current practices for handling cytotoxic agents. Airflow studies were conducted in the pharmacy department's sterile preparation areas, and policies and procedures were developed for use until biological safety cabinets could be installed. Plans were developed for dealing with special situations, such as exemption of certain employees from preparation of cytotoxic drugs or refusal of an employee to prepare these drugs. Managers can substantially reduce employees' apprehension about handling cytotoxic drugs by keeping employees informed about departmental plans, listening to their concerns, and developing procedures for safe handling of these agents. PMID:4014233

Moore, T D; Hale, K M; Cortese, L M; Fillmore, A D; Jozefczyk, K G; Scala, S M; Wellman, G S

1985-04-01

373

DRINKING BEHAVIOR AND DRINKING REFUSAL SELF-EFFICACY IN KOREAN COLLEGE STUDENTS.  

PubMed

Summary.-The prevalence of drinking behavior and sex differences were examined. A possible relationship between drinking behavior and drinking refusal self-efficacy (DRSE) also was investigated among a convenience sample of 582 Korean college students (309 men, 273 women). A drinking habit scale (from AUDIT-K) and drinking refusal self-efficacy questionnaire (DRSEQ-R) were administered. Results indicated 74.4% of the students drank alcohol and 80.1% of the students were regular drinkers (> 2 to 4 times per month). There were significant differences in drinking behavior by sex and in the DRSE constructs for current drinking statuses. Drinking behavior was significantly associated with sex and DRSE. The present study offers more information about practical interventions aimed at reasonably controlling the drinking behavior of Korean college students in a university setting. The findings may provide better understanding of Korean students' drinking behavior. PMID:25457098

Oh, Hwajung; Kim, YoungHo

2014-12-01

374

Use of standardized patients to examine physicians' communication strategies when addressing vaccine refusal: a pilot study.  

PubMed

Vaccine refusal is increasingly reported but few direct observations of the communication between physicians and parents skeptical about vaccines have been made. In a pilot study, a standardized patient posing as an expectant mother (standardized mother, SM) opposed to immunization met with blinded community physicians under the pretext of prenatal interviews. Persuasive communication strategies were scored using a standardized questionnaire. Recorded transcripts were evaluated for compliance with American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations for handling vaccine refusal. Nine encounters were conducted, representing 16% of pediatric and 3% of family practices in the area. Physicians scored high on listening, maintaining eye contact, spending time with the SM, using understandable terms, and avoiding a paternalistic posture. Lower scores were obtained on encouraging questions, checking for understanding, validating the importance of the SM's concerns, and assessing knowledge about vaccines. The median recorded encounter lasted 19 min. SMs represent a novel strategy for studying physician/parent communication about vaccines. PMID:19464542

Bryant, Kristina A; Wesley, Gina C; Wood, Jo Ann; Hines, Carol; Marshall, Gary S

2009-06-01

375

Essential Skills for Principals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No matter what standards they follow, principals must be skilled team builders, instructional leaders, and visionary risk-takers. There are five emerging roles: historian, cheerleader, lightning rod, landscaper (environmental scanner), and anthropologist. To succeed, principals must be empowered by districts, become authentic leaders, and make…

Terry, Paul M.

1999-01-01

376

Hierarchical skills in typewriting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to discover whether there is an hierarchy of letter, word, and phrase habits in the acquisition of the typewriting skill. Operators at 6 levels of typing performance ranging between the beginning student in typewriting and the demonstration expert were tested on connected discourse, word jumbles, and letter jumbles. The following conclusions are based on

P. Fendrick

1937-01-01

377

Developing Scientists' "Soft" Skills  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A great deal of professional advice directed at undergraduates, graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and even early-career scientists focuses on technical skills necessary to succeed in a complex work environment in which problems transcend disciplinary boundaries. Collaborative research approaches are emphasized, as are cross-training and gaining nonacademic experiences [Moslemi et al., 2009].

Gordon, Wendy

2014-02-01

378

Adult Survival Skills Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this instrument is to supplement data from the Adult Basic Learning Examination in assessing the functional level of adults in daily situations. It may also be used as a teaching tool for adults requesting tutoring in specific concepts and skills presented in the instrument. This instrument is an informal assessment instrument and…

Walsko, Gregory M.

379

The Skills Paradox  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite a vocal commitment to fairness, the British Government has, according to these authors, wholeheartedly failed to live up to this pledge when it comes to skills and adult training. A report on adult learning released in December by Demos found a system rife with inequality and contradictions. As the jobs market becomes increasingly…

Burks, Beatrice Karol; Reeves, Richard

2009-01-01

380

Construction Superintendent Skill Sets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the first of a series of articles reviewing the results of an ongoing qualitative research project designed to document construction superintendent skill sets and develop postsecondary curricula to support superintendent education. Varying views of the role of the superintendent and an historical perspective are presented in a review of literature. The research methodology for the entire project, as

David E. Gunderson; Philip L. Barlow; Allan J. Hauck

381

Group Work Skills Rubric  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document provides a rubric for grading group work skills. With this, instructors can evaluate students in the areas of initiative, preparation, cooperation and time management.This rubric would be useful for grading groups at most educational levels. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

382

State Skill Standards: Welding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Education has undertaken an ambitious effort to develop statewide occupational skill standards. The standards in this document are for welding programs and are designed to clearly state what the student should know and be able to do upon completion of an advanced high-school program. The writing team determined that any statewide…

Pointer, Mike; Naylor, Randy; Warden, John; Senek, Gene; Shirley, Charles; Lefcourt, Lew; Munson, Justin; Johnson, Art

2005-01-01

383

Math Skills Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This math skills review was written for first year college chemistry students who have weak math backgrounds, but is useful for all science students in high school and college. Topics covered include algebraic manipulation, dimensional analysis, significant figures, manipulation of exponents, scientific notation, logarithms, the quadratic equation and standard deviation.

Keeney-Kennicutt, Wendy

1997-11-03

384

Skilled Veterans Corps  

E-print Network

once and for all. A group of elders has volunteered to clean up the reactors damaged by the tsunami and earthquake. Calling itself the Skilled Veteran Corps, the group consists of engineers and other specialists over 60 who are able?and willing--to do a...

Hacker, Randi

2011-08-31

385

Developing Leadership Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principals often think of professional development in terms of activities--attending a workshop, networking with colleagues at a conference, reading a professional article or book, and so on. Although these are all good things in and of themselves, genuine professional growth does not occur until knowledge and skills are put into practice at the…

Kinney, Patti

2008-01-01

386

Measuring Skills and Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Customized skills assessments can perform a number of functions: help training departments demonstrate their effectiveness; provide a foundation for career development programs; reinforce company values; add feedback from the bottom up for performance evaluation; provide a concentrated focus for customer service improvement; and serve as a…

Ludeman, Kate

1991-01-01

387

RFID: The missing link to comprehensive automated refuse collection and recycling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Variable-rate and pay-by-weight programs are gaining momentum across the country. Over 1,000 communities are expected to adopt a variable rate program in 1994. Hundreds have already implemented programs and have seen reported reductions of up to 40% in disposal tonnage. In any variable-rate or pay-by-weight system, the ability to track refuse and\\/or recyclables at the point of collection is imperative.

McAdams

1994-01-01

388

Solid food refusal as the presenting sign of vitamin B 12 deficiency in a breastfed infant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dietary vitamin B12 (vitB12) deficiency, although common in the elderly, is rare in childhood. We report on an exclusively breastfed 8-month-old infant,\\u000a presenting with persistent refusal of solid foods. Three months later, developmental regression and failure to thrive led\\u000a to the diagnosis of vitB12 deficiency, as a consequence of a subclinical pernicious anaemia with vitB12 deficiency in the mother. Treating

Els Ide; Stephanie Van Biervliet; Joke Thijs; Saskia Vande Velde; Ruth De Bruyne; Myriam Van Winckel

389

Microbial Community Structure of Leaf-Cutter Ant Fungus Gardens and Refuse Dumps  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundLeaf-cutter ants use fresh plant material to grow a mutualistic fungus that serves as the ants' primary food source. Within fungus gardens, various plant compounds are metabolized and transformed into nutrients suitable for ant consumption. This symbiotic association produces a large amount of refuse consisting primarily of partly degraded plant material. A leaf-cutter ant colony is thus divided into two

Jarrod J. Scott; Kevin J. Budsberg; Garret Suen; Devin L. Wixon; Teri C. Balser; Cameron R. Currie

2010-01-01

390

25 CFR 171.420 - Can I dispose of sewage, trash, or other refuse on a BIA irrigation project?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of sewage, trash, or other refuse on a BIA irrigation project? 171.420 Section 171.420...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Irrigation Facilities § 171.420 Can I...

2010-04-01

391

45 CFR 400.77 - Effect of quitting employment or failing or refusing to participate in required services.  

...ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for Employability Services and Employment General Requirements § 400.77 Effect of quitting employment or failing or refusing to...

2014-10-01

392

45 CFR 400.77 - Effect of quitting employment or failing or refusing to participate in required services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for Employability Services and Employment General Requirements § 400.77 Effect of quitting employment or failing or refusing to...

2012-10-01

393

45 CFR 400.77 - Effect of quitting employment or failing or refusing to participate in required services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for Employability Services and Employment General Requirements § 400.77 Effect of quitting employment or failing or refusing to...

2011-10-01

394

45 CFR 400.77 - Effect of quitting employment or failing or refusing to participate in required services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for Employability Services and Employment General Requirements § 400.77 Effect of quitting employment or failing or refusing to...

2013-10-01

395

45 CFR 400.77 - Effect of quitting employment or failing or refusing to participate in required services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for Employability Services and Employment General Requirements § 400.77 Effect of quitting employment or failing or refusing to...

2010-10-01

396

42 CFR 61.16 - Termination of or refusal to continue award on grounds relating to moral character or loyalty...  

...16 Section 61.16 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING FELLOWSHIPS Regular Fellowships § 61.16 Termination of or refusal to continue award on grounds...

2014-10-01

397

UCSC EMPLOYEE HOUSING APARTMENTS APPLICATION Rental rates include: rent, refuse collection, common area utilities, groundskeeping services, and repairs and  

E-print Network

UCSC EMPLOYEE HOUSING APARTMENTS APPLICATION Rental rates include: rent, refuse collection, common. For Internal Use Only UC Eligible: MO Eligible: App Verified: Sent MO on: Rcvd MO on: Employment Classification

California at Santa Cruz, University of

398

Method and apparatus for processing refuse, sewage and\\/or waste material into a source of energy. [mining wastes, municipal wastes, and sewage; materials recovery and briquetting of wastes for usable fuel  

Microsoft Academic Search

This disclosure relates to a method and apparatus for handling refuse, using waste and treating raw sewage. The collected refuse is delivered to a receiving bin having an electrical vibrator and a power operated discharge door. The ferromagnetic articles are removed from the collected refuse by a magnetic separator. A shredder homogenizes the separated refuse, and acidic waste from a

Jackman

1975-01-01

399

Occupational exposure to airborne dust, respirable quartz and metals arising from refuse handling, burning and landfilling.  

PubMed

Industrial hygiene investigations were conducted in 1983 at a refuse derived fuel (RDF) burning plant, a refuse transfer station and three municipal landfill sites. The field surveys were conducted during the warmer and drier seasons of the year. The investigations included air sampling for total dust, respirable quartz and airborne metals. Bulk samples of soil cover, precipitator/boiler ash and transfer station baghouse fines were analyzed for quartz, elements, asbestos and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) content. Asbestos and PCBs were not detected in any of the bulk samples taken. Quartz content of the bulk samples varied from 8% to 31%. Except for the boiler grate inspector and the precipitator cleaner at the RDF burning plant, exposure to airborne metals was not excessive at the sites tested. One personal sample (at landfill site A) for total dust exceeded 10 mg/m3 out of a total of eighteen personal and area samples. Significant exposure to respirable quartz was found at all the sites (up to 0.20 mg/m3). Respirable quartz exposures in excess of the NIOSH criteria concentration of 0.05 mg/m3 were found in three out of seven personal samples at the RDF burning plant, two out of three personal samples at the refuse transfer station and six out of nine personal samples taken at the three landfill sites. PMID:3031974

Mozzon, D; Brown, D A; Smith, J W

1987-02-01

400

[Effects of nitrate on anoxic/anaerobic oxidation of methane in the aged refuse].  

PubMed

This work investigated the effects of nitrate on anoxic/anaerobic methane oxidation in the aged refuse landfilled 10-12 years by full-factor experiments. The results showed that under anoxic/anaerobic condition, nitrate could promote the removal of methane in the aged refuse. The contents of CH4 and NO3(-) -N had significant influences on the removal of CH4 and the generation of N2, and there were significant interactions as well (P < 0.05). The increasing initial CH4 content evidently enhanced the removal of CH4 and the production of N2. Furthermore, the addition of NO3(-) -N obviously improved the de-nitrification process. The results suggested that nitrate reduction could be coupled to anoxic/anaerobic oxidation of methane in the aged refuse. In the experimental condition, the effort of coupling was most effective when the concentrations of CH4 and nitrate were 30% and 110 mg x kg(-1), respectively. PMID:24455944

Liu, Yan-Yan; Long, Yan; Yin, Hua; Ye, Jin-Shao; He, Bao-Yan; Zhang, Na

2013-11-01

401

Occupational exposure to airborne dust, respirable quartz and metals arising from refuse handling, burning and landfilling  

SciTech Connect

Industrial hygiene investigations were conducted in 1983 at a refuse derived fuel (RDF) burning plant, a refuse transfer station and three municipal landfill sites. The field surveys were conducted during the warmer and drier seasons of the year. The investigations included air sampling for total dust, respirable quartz and airborne metals. Bulk samples of soil cover, precipitator/boiler ash and transfer station baghouse fines were analyzed for quartz, elements, asbestos and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) content. Asbestos and PCBs were not detected in any of the bulk samples taken. Quartz content of the bulk samples varied from 8% to 31%. Except for the boiler grate inspector and the precipitator cleaner at the RDF burning plant, exposure to airborne metals was not excessive at the sites tested. One personal sample for total dust exceeded 10 mg/m/sup 3/ out of a total of eighteen personal and area samples. Significant exposure to respirable quartz was found at all the sites (up to 0.20 mg/m/sup 3/). Respirable quartz exposures in excess of the NIOSH criteria concentration of 0.05 mg/m/sup 3/ were found in three out of seven personal samples at the RDF burning plant, two out of three personal samples at the refuse transfer station and six out of nine personal samples taken at the three landfill sites.

Mozzon, D.; Brown, D.A.; Smith, J.W.

1987-02-01

402

An investigation on the fuel savings potential of hybrid hydraulic refuse collection vehicles.  

PubMed

Refuse trucks play an important role in the waste collection process. Due to their typical driving cycle, these vehicles are characterized by large fuel consumption, which strongly affects the overall waste disposal costs. Hybrid hydraulic refuse vehicles offer an interesting alternative to conventional diesel trucks, because they are able to recuperate, store and reuse braking energy. However, the expected fuel savings can vary strongly depending on the driving cycle and the operational mode. Therefore, in order to assess the possible fuel savings, a typical driving cycle was measured in a conventional vehicle run by the waste authority of the City of Stuttgart, and a dynamical model of the considered vehicle was built up. Based on the measured driving cycle and the vehicle model including the hybrid powertrain components, simulations for both the conventional and the hybrid vehicle were performed. Fuel consumption results that indicate savings of about 20% are presented and analyzed in order to evaluate the benefit of hybrid hydraulic vehicles used for refuse collection. PMID:24953314

Bender, Frank A; Bosse, Thomas; Sawodny, Oliver

2014-09-01

403

Nitrogen removal through different pathways in an aged refuse bioreactor treating mature landfill leachate.  

PubMed

In this study, an aged refuse bioreactor was constructed to remove nitrogen in a mature landfill leachate. The nitrogen removal efficiency and the microbial community composition in the bioreactor were investigated. The results showed that the aged refuse bioreactor removed more than 90 % of total nitrogen in the leachate under the nitrogen loading rate (NLR) of 0.74 g/kg (vs) day, and the total nitrogen removal rate decreased to 62.2 % when NLR increased up to 2.03 g/kg (vs) day. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction results showed that the average cell number of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in the bioreactor was 1.58?×?10(8) cells/g, which accounted for 0.41 % of total bacteria. The number of anammox bacteria in the reactor was 1.09?×?10(8) cells/g, which accounted for 0.27 % of total bacteria. Isotopic (15)N tracing experiments showed that nearly 10 % of nitrogen was removed by anammox. High-throughout 454 pyrosequencing revealed that the predominant bacteria in the bioreactor were Proteobacteria, Chloroflexi, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Gemmatimonadetes, including various nitrifiers and denitrifiers with diverse heterotrophic and autotrophic metabolic pathways, supporting that nitrogen was removed through different pathways in this aged refuse bioreactor. PMID:23229572

Xie, Bing; Lv, Zhuo; Hu, Chong; Yang, Xuezhi; Li, Xiangzhen

2013-10-01

404

School refusal and anxiety in adolescence: Non-randomized trial of a developmentally sensitive cognitive behavioral therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objectives were to evaluate efficacy and acceptability of a developmentally sensitive cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety-based school refusal in adolescence. Twenty school-refusing adolescents meeting DSM-IV anxiety disorder criteria participated in a non-randomized trial, together with parents and school staff. Outcome was assessed at post-treatment and 2-month follow-up. Treated adolescents showed significant and maintained improvements across primary outcome variables

David Heyne; Floor M. Sauter; Brigit M. Van Widenfelt; Robert Vermeiren; P. Michiel Westenberg

2011-01-01

405

SkillScan Online: Have Skills, Will Travel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselors today have a variety of choices when working with clients. They are challenged to select the most timely and cost effective ways to work with clients. SkillScan Online is a self-directed process that enables clients to assess skills and competencies, explore career options, and plan skill development activities to keep pace with the…

Beckhusen, Lesah

406

Drug allergies  

MedlinePLUS

Allergic reaction - drug (medication); Drug hypersensitivity; Medication hypersensitivity ... vomiting to life-threatening anaphylaxis . A true drug allergy is caused by a series of chemical steps ...

407

The use of town refuse ash in urban agriculture around Jos, Nigeria: health and environmental risks.  

PubMed

This paper reports on a study that examines the health and environmental risks of using town refuse ash in urban vegetable production in Jos, Nigeria, in terms of heavy metal accumulation in the food chain. Soil and crop samples, collected from five study farms, and samples of the river water used for irrigation, were analysed for seven heavy metals Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Ni, Cd and Pb. On the basis of the field data the paper discusses: (1) the potential soil deficiencies and toxicities; (2) the probable links between soil heavy metal levels and fertilisation practices; (3) the heavy metal concentrations in crop tissue in relation to crop growth and human health. The findings suggest that soil concentrations of the seven metals fall within 'typical' soil levels, and that there should not be any problems of either toxicities or deficiencies for crop growth. There was evidence of slight accumulation of Zn, Cu and Cd on some of the farms with a history of town refuse ash use. However, in all farms lettuce crops contained very large concentrations of Fe, and Pb concentrations that were 20 to 40 times higher than the WHO/FAO maximum recommended level in leafy vegetables for human consumption. The Cd content of carrot tissue was 10 times higher than the WHO/FAO recommended limit. The relatively small number of soil and crop samples precluded any formal attempt at correlating the concentrations of heavy metals found in the vegetable crops with the farm levels. Nevertheless, the data suggested that these were not linked. The paper goes on to consider various potential sources of the metals found in the crops, including irrigation water, town refuse ash and air-borne dust, and discusses additional health and environmental risks pertaining to the use of town refuse ash. Undoubtedly, the heavy Pb and Cd contamination of certain crops indicates the urgent need for future studies to ascertain the precise source of these metals, and although the practice of using town refuse ash does not appear to have resulted in large-scale contamination of soil in the farming area, there are a number of unsafe practices associated with it that call for the identification of strategies for the safe utilisation of urban waste in Jos. PMID:16376696

Pasquini, M W

2006-01-15

408

Puzzle Play Improves Math Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This brief press release from the National Science Foundation summarizes the results of a University of Chicago study linking puzzle play with math skills. The study found that puzzle play proved to be a significant predictor of spatial skills. The study also found gender differences in child/parent interactions and in acquired skills.

2012-02-16

409

Improving Motor Skills in Kindergartners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research project evaluated a program for improving motor skills in kindergartners by incorporating into the core curriculum motor activities, new materials focused on motor skills, and authentic assessments of motor skills. Teacher observations, scores from the DIAL-R (Developmental Indicators for the Assessment of Learning-Revised)…

Bosma, Anne; Domka, Amy; Peterson, Jill

410

Teaching Self-Care Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survival skills instruction for latchkey kids with special needs is discussed. Methods for cultivation of skills pertaining to physical well-being, accident prevention, emergency procedures, healthy lifestyles, and mental, social and emotional well-being are described. Sources of model programs and curriculum materials for self-care skills…

Koblinsky, Sally A.; Todd, Christine M.

1991-01-01

411

Employability Skills. At a Glance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a competitive workforce it is not just having the right qualification or technical skills that will land an individual a job; it could very well be their interpersonal skills. How someone communicates is often the first impression an employer has of a possible worker. Yet, it is precisely communication skills that employers feel applicants are…

Wibrow, Bridget

2011-01-01

412

Transcultural Knowledge and Skills Transfer: Issues Arising from Evaluation Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transfer of knowledge, policy and practice between nations increasingly involves knowledge of the theory and practice of evaluation. This article examines issues arising from the transcultural evaluation of a drug and alcohol misuse knowledge and skills transfer programme for nurses, nurse teachers and medical staff in the narcology service in…

Green, Anita J.; Holloway, David G.

2007-01-01

413

Skill analysis part 2: evaluating a practice skill.  

PubMed

This is the second of three articles exploring skill analysis, assisting readers to evaluate a practice skill of their choice. Sometimes evaluations are made against external reference points, the competencies of the registered nurse or a job description for a post eagerly sought after; sometimes they are made with reference to aspirations--an ideal of the skill in use that the nurse and colleagues admire. Nurses may be understandably anxious about the evaluation of practice skills, as they work in a performance-orientated world where they are judged on whether their practice is competent, safe, ethical, cost effective and efficient. Nonetheless, understanding the strengths and weaknesses of a chosen practice skill is central to practice development. If the skill is to be affirmed, improved or adjusted, it is necessary to evaluate the skill in use. PMID:22272540

Price, Bob

414

Drug Reactions  

MedlinePLUS

... version Drug Reactions Drug Reactions What is an adverse drug reaction? Medicines can treat or prevent illness and ... medicines can cause problems. These problems are called adverse drug reactions. You should know what to do if ...

415

Drug Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... over-the-counter drug. The FDA evaluates the safety of a drug by looking at Side effects ... clinical trials The FDA also monitors a drug's safety after approval. For you, drug safety means buying ...

416

Linking Life Skills and Norms With Adolescent Substance Use and Delinquency in South Africa  

PubMed Central

We examined factors targeted in two popular prevention approaches with adolescent drug use and delinquency in South Africa. We hypothesized adolescent life skills to be inversely related, and perceived norms to be directly related to later drug use and delinquency. Multiple regression and a relative weights approach were conducted for each outcome using a sample of 714 South African adolescents ages 15 to 19 years (M = 15.8 years, 57% female). Perceived norms predicted gateway drug use. Conflict resolution skills (inversely) and perceived peer acceptability (directly) predicted harder drug use and delinquency. The “culture of violence” within some South African schools may make conflict resolution skills more salient for preventing harder drug use and delinquency. PMID:23559844

Lai, Mary H.; Graham, John W.; Smith, Edward A.; Caldwell, Linda L.; Bradley, Stephanie A.; Vergnani, Tania; Mathews, Cathy; Wegner, Lisa

2012-01-01

417

Perceptions of participation in a Phase I, II, or III clinical trial among African American patients with cancer: what do refusers say? | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

Evidence suggests that participation rates among African American patients in clinical trials is decreasing, however, there is limited research looking at the racial differences for refusal to participate. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of African-American cancer patients who refused participation in a clinical trial to better understand the patient-provider barriers. Lack of trust in medical research, often identified as a reason for refusal, was not a significant factor.

418

Microbial Community Structure of Leaf-Cutter Ant Fungus Gardens and Refuse Dumps  

PubMed Central

Background Leaf-cutter ants use fresh plant material to grow a mutualistic fungus that serves as the ants' primary food source. Within fungus gardens, various plant compounds are metabolized and transformed into nutrients suitable for ant consumption. This symbiotic association produces a large amount of refuse consisting primarily of partly degraded plant material. A leaf-cutter ant colony is thus divided into two spatially and chemically distinct environments that together represent a plant biomass degradation gradient. Little is known about the microbial community structure in gardens and dumps or variation between lab and field colonies. Methodology/Principal Findings Using microbial membrane lipid analysis and a variety of community metrics, we assessed and compared the microbiota of fungus gardens and refuse dumps from both laboratory-maintained and field-collected colonies. We found that gardens contained a diverse and consistent community of microbes, dominated by Gram-negative bacteria, particularly ?-Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes. These findings were consistent across lab and field gardens, as well as host ant taxa. In contrast, dumps were enriched for Gram-positive and anaerobic bacteria. Broad-scale clustering analyses revealed that community relatedness between samples reflected system component (gardens/dumps) rather than colony source (lab/field). At finer scales samples clustered according to colony source. Conclusions/Significance Here we report the first comparative analysis of the microbiota from leaf-cutter ant colonies. Our work reveals the presence of two distinct communities: one in the fungus garden and the other in the refuse dump. Though we find some effect of colony source on community structure, our data indicate the presence of consistently associated microbes within gardens and dumps. Substrate composition and system component appear to be the most important factor in structuring the microbial communities. These results thus suggest that resident communities are shaped by the plant degradation gradient created by ant behavior, specifically their fungiculture and waste management. PMID:20360970

Scott, Jarrod J.; Budsberg, Kevin J.; Suen, Garret; Wixon, Devin L.; Balser, Teri C.; Currie, Cameron R.

2010-01-01

419

[An aplastic anemia patient died of severe anemia who refused transfusion].  

PubMed

A 41-year-old woman who had been given a diagnosis of aplastic anemia 14 years before was admitted because of recurrence of the disease. Despite therapy, the anemia progressed gradually. The patient refused blood product transfusions for religious reasons. Angina pectoris-like chest pain without ischemic changes on electrocardiograms appeared at a hemoglobin concentration (Hb) of 1.6 g/dl. The patient died of heart failure at Hb 1.5 g/dl. Autopsy showed enlargement of the heart, fatty changes in the myocardium and liver due to chronic hypoxia, and no changes in coronary arteries. PMID:10695402

Iki, S; Ohbayashi, Y; Urabe, A

2000-01-01

420

Jehovah's Witness parents' refusal of blood transfusions: Ethical considerations for psychologists.  

PubMed

Psychologists in medical settings may be confronted with Jehovah's Witness parents refusing blood transfusions for their children as an ethical dilemma. The purpose of this discussion is to help psychologists provide informed, ethical consultations and support by investigating the values of the Jehovah's Witness community and the origin of the blood transfusion taboo, how medical and legal professionals have approached this dilemma, exploring relevant ethical principles and standards for psychologists, and suggestions for how to move toward a better understanding of harm with Jehovah's Witness families. PMID:25476572

Hoffman, Anna

2014-12-01

421

Microcomputer programming skills  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Some differences in skill and techniques required for conversion from programmer to microprogrammer are discussed. The primary things with which the programmer should work are hardware architecture, hardware/software trade off, and interfacing. The biggest differences, however, will stem from the differences in applications than from differences in machine size. The change to real-time programming is the most important of these differences, particularly on dedicated microprocessors. Another primary change is programming with a more computer-naive user in mind, and dealing with his limitations and expectations.

Barth, C. W.

1979-01-01

422

Integrating Key Skills in Higher Education: Employability, Transferable Skills and Learning for Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses issues related to the skills agenda in higher education, focusing on key skills, employability skills, transferable skills, and core skills. The chapters provide a practical guide to the ways skills can be effectively integrated into courses and institutions. The chapters are: (1) "The Skills Agenda" (Stephen Fallows and…

Fallows, Stephen, Ed.; Steven, Christine, Ed.

423

Exploring risk in professional nursing practice: an analysis of work refusal and professional risk.  

PubMed

This article explores risk in professional nursing practice. Professional risk refers to the threat of professional discipline if it is found that a registered nurse has violated professional nursing practice standards. We argue professional risk is socially constructed and understood differently by nurse regulatory bodies, unions, professional associations and frontline nurses. Regulatory bodies emphasize professional accountability of nurses; professional associations focus on system problems in health-care; unions undertake protecting nurses' right to health and safety; and frontline nurses experience fear and uncertainty in their attempt to interpret practice standards to avoid professional discipline. Perspectives of professional risk are investigated by analyzing three professional nursing bodies' views of professional codes governing the right of nurses to refuse unsafe work assignments. The workplace dynamics surrounding work refusal experienced by frontline nurses are illustrated primarily through the lens of the 2003 SARS influenza outbreak in Ontario, Canada. We conclude that frontline nurses in Ontario are required to manage risk by following professional protocols prioritizing patient care and professional accountability which disregard the systemic, unpredictable and hazardous circumstances in their everyday practice. Moreover, we argue professional protocols cannot anticipate every eventuality in clinical practice creating the fear of professional discipline for nurses. PMID:23992233

Beardwood, Barbara A; Kainer, Jan M

2015-03-01

424

RFID: The missing link to comprehensive automated refuse collection and recycling  

SciTech Connect

Variable-rate and pay-by-weight programs are gaining momentum across the country. Over 1,000 communities are expected to adopt a variable rate program in 1994. Hundreds have already implemented programs and have seen reported reductions of up to 40% in disposal tonnage. In any variable-rate or pay-by-weight system, the ability to track refuse and/or recyclables at the point of collection is imperative. The use of a radio frequency identification system (RFID) is one way of assuring such accountability. In an automated collection program using RFID technology, each resident or customer'' has one or more roll-out carts installed with a transponder or tag'' that contains a unique identification number. This number correlates with a customer profile'', which is usually found in the city data base. An RFID customer'' profile may contain such information as name, address, size and color of cart, rate, collection day, and a chronological history of collection and cart maintenance over a designated period of time. In most cases, the database and software can be customized to meed individual municipal needs as well as specific needs of refuse hauling companies.

McAdams, C.L.

1994-04-01

425

Geophysical identification of leachate levels and refuse characterization in a landfill at Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois  

SciTech Connect

Magnetic and electrical geophysical techniques were used to survey the 800 Area landfill at Argonne National Laboratory as part of an environmental site assessment. This landfill was opened in 1966 and has accepted non-radioactive laboratory, office, food service and construction wastes. Magnetic profiles and electrical resistivity surveys using Wenner, Schlumberger and dipole-dipole arrays were made primarily over the northern portion of the landfill and long its margins. Mounding of leachate to within 5 ft. (1.5 m) of the surface was identified within the north-central and northeastern portions of the landfill using resistivity soundings and dipole-dipole surveys. Soundings also suggest refuse thickness varies from 10--30 ft (3--10 m) south to north across the landfill. Both dipole-dipole and magnetic profiles have identified conductive and insulating objects in the refuse. Areas of low resistivity flanking the northeastern and eastern margins of the landfill may represent migration of leachate to the north and east. High resistivity layers detected beneath the landfill suggest little or no downward percolation of mineralized leachate. Such high resistivity layers, however, may indicate the presence of sand and gravel layers/lenses embedded in the drift which are potential contaminant pathways. The geophysical results are presently being used in optimum placement of monitoring wells, soil gas probes and future remediation planning. 5 refs., 6 figs.

Carpenter, P.J.; Xi, Y.; El-Hussain, I.W. (Northern Illinois Univ., De Kalb, IL (United States). Dept. of Geology); Moos, L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))

1991-01-01

426

Results of emissions testing while burning densified refuse derived fuel, Dordt College, Sioux Center, Iowa  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Environmental Services, Inc. provided engineering and source testing services to the Council of Great Lake Governors to support their efforts in promoting the development and utilization of densified refuse derived fuels (d-RDF) and pelletized wastepaper fuels in small steam generating facilities. The emissions monitoring program was designed to provide a complete air emissions profile while burning various refuse derived fuels. The specific goal of this test program was to conduct air emissions tests at Dordt College located in Sioux Center, Iowa and to identify a relationship between fuel types and emission characteristics. The sampling protocol was carried out June 12 through June 20, 1989 on boiler {number sign}4. This unit had been previously modified to burn d-RDF. The boiler was not equipped with any type of air pollution control device so the emissions samples were collected from the boiler exhaust stack on the roof of the boilerhouse. The emissions that were sampled included: particulates; PM{sub 10} particulates; hydrochloric acid; dioxins; furans; polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB); metals and continuous monitors for CO, CO{sub 2}O{sub 2}SO{sub x}NO{sub x} and total hydrocarbons. Grab samples of the fuels were collected, composited and analyzed for heating value, moisture content, proximate and ultimate analysis, ash fusion temperature, bulk density and elemental ash analysis. Grab samples of the boiler ash were also collected and analyzed for total hydrocarbons total dioxins, total furans, total PCBs and heavy metals. 77 figs., 20 tabs.

Not Available

1989-10-01

427

The regeneration of waste foundry sand and residue stabilization using coal refuse.  

PubMed

The processes for recycling waste foundry sand are divided between regeneration and beneficial reuse, and the potential for regeneration is higher than that of reuse. In this study, two processes for the recycling and residue stabilization of waste foundry sands were considered. One is the dry mechanical process for recycling, and the other is the stabilization process for powdered residue. The dry mechanical process of regeneration consists of crushing, grinding, separation, and classification. To stabilize the residues that were generated through the regeneration process, powdered residues were pelletized by a high-shear pelletizer, and the surfaces of the pellets were subsequently coated with coal refuse powders that contained sodium silicate as a binder. Coated pellets were sintered by a self-propagating combustion method. The refractory index of the recycled sands, as measured by the Seger cone method, was over -34, and their SiO(2) contents of 94% was similar to that of green sand. The general conclusion that coal refuse and sodium silicate stabilize heavy metals better than other processes may lead to the development of a cost-effective solution for stabilizing heavy metals in residues. PMID:22197564

Park, Chong-Lyuck; Kim, Byoung-Gon; Yu, Youngchul

2012-02-15

428

Evaluation of Characteristics of High Efficiency Power Generation Systems Utilizing Fermentation Gas of Simply Sorted Municipal Refuse  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper evaluates characteristics of two kinds of power generation systems utilizing fermentation gas of municipal refuse which is generated with use of a fermentation equipment of sorted refuse from ordinary collected garbage. In evaluation, a garbage incineration plant treating refuse of 100 t/d was adopted. The two systems investigated are the following systems: (a) gas engine power generation system (Sys-GE) and (b) steam turbine power generation system with super heater of steam (Sys-SH). The characteristics of two systems have been estimated together with the conventional steam turbine power generation system (Sys-C). It has been estimated that Sys-GE and Sys-SH has 2.11 and 2.55 times greater energy saving and CO2 reduction effect compared with Sys-C, respectively.

Pak, Pyong Sik

429

Can children aged 12 years or more refuse life-saving treatment without consent or assistance from anyone else?  

PubMed

The question of whether a child aged 12 years or more who is sufficiently mature and has the necessary mental capacity may refuse to consent to life-saving treatment without consent from a parent, guardian or caregiver or without the assistance of a parent or guardian is governed by the Constitution, the Children's Act, the National Health Act and the common law. The best interests of the child are paramount, and should the child unreasonably refuse to consent to life-saving treatment, the Minister of Social Development may give consent for such treatment in terms of the Children's Act. Otherwise, should a parent, guardian, caregiver or healthcare provider believe that such a refusal is not in the best interests of the child, he or she may approach the High Court for an order to provide such treatment. PMID:25214044

McQuoid-Mason, David Jan

2014-07-01

430

Generic Drugs  

MedlinePLUS

... about brand-name drugs. Resources Consumer Reports Best Buy Drugs can help you find lower-cost generic ... produced by Consumers Union and Consumer Reports Best Buy Drugs, a public information project supported by grants ...

431

Club Drugs  

MedlinePLUS

... include GHB, Rohypnol®, ketamine, and others. MDMA (Ecstasy) , Methamphetamine , and LSD (Acid) , are considered club drugs and ... drugs within this classification of drugs. En Español Methamphetamine (Research Reports) Published April 1998 . Revised September 2013 . ...

432

Generic ICT Skills Profiles: Future Skills for Tomorrow's World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes generic skills profiles relevant to key jobs in information and communications technology (ICT). The profiles cover the main job areas for which the ICT industry is experiencing skills shortages. These types of information are provided for 18 generic job profiles: job description (vision, role, lifestyle); examples of job…

International Co-operation Europe Ltd. (ICEL), Brussels, Belgium.

433

Peer Assessment of Soft Skills and Hard Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both the information technology (IT) industry and the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) demand soft-skill training in higher education and require IT graduates to demonstrate competence in interpersonal communication, teamwork, and conflict management. Group projects provide teamwork environment for soft-skill training, but…

Zhang, Aimao

2012-01-01

434

Linking Life Skills and Norms with Adolescent Substance Use and Delinquency in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined factors targeted in two popular prevention approaches with adolescent drug use and delinquency in South Africa. We hypothesized adolescent life skills to be inversely related and perceived norms to be directly related to later drug use and delinquency. Multiple regression and a relative weights approach were conducted for each outcome…

Lai, Mary H.; Graham, John W.; Caldwell, Linda L.; Smith, Edward A.; Bradley, Stephanie A.; Vergnani, Tania; Mathews, Cathy; Wegner, Lisa

2013-01-01

435

Drugs in development for influenza.  

PubMed

The emergence and global spread of the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus reminds us that we are limited in the strategies available to control influenza infection. Vaccines are the best option for the prophylaxis and control of a pandemic; however, the lag time between virus identification and vaccine distribution exceeds 6 months and concerns regarding vaccine safety are a growing issue leading to vaccination refusal. In the short-term, antiviral therapy is vital to control the spread of influenza. However, we are currently limited to four licensed anti-influenza drugs: the neuraminidase inhibitors oseltamivir and zanamivir, and the M2 ion-channel inhibitors amantadine and rimantadine. The value of neuraminidase inhibitors was clearly established during the initial phases of the 2009 pandemic when vaccines were not available, i.e. stockpiles of antivirals are valuable. Unfortunately, as drug-resistant variants continue to emerge naturally and through selective pressure applied by use of antiviral drugs, the efficacy of these drugs declines. Because we cannot predict the strain of influenza virus that will cause the next epidemic or pandemic, it is important that we develop novel anti-influenza drugs with broad reactivity against all strains and subtypes, and consider moving to multiple drug therapy in the future. In this article we review the experimental data on investigational antiviral agents undergoing clinical trials (parenteral zanamivir and peramivir, long-acting neuraminidase inhibitors and the polymerase inhibitor favipiravir [T-705]) and experimental antiviral agents that target either the virus (the haemagglutinin inhibitor cyanovirin-N and thiazolides) or the host (fusion protein inhibitors [DAS181], cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitors and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor agonists). PMID:20614944

Boltz, David A; Aldridge, Jerry R; Webster, Robert G; Govorkova, Elena A

2010-07-30

436

Skill Sheets for Agricultural Mechanics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of 33 skill sheets for agricultural mechanics was developed for use in high school and vocational school agricultural mechanics programs. Some sheets teach operational procedures while others are for simple projects. Each skill sheet covers a single topic and includes: (1) a diagram, (2) a step-by-step construction or operational…

Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames. Dept. of Agricultural Education.

437

21st Century Skills Map  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Partnership for 21st Century Skills (P21) has forged alliances with key national organizations representing the core academic subjects, including Social Studies, English, Math, Science, Geography, World Languages and the Arts. These collaborations have resulted in the development of 21st Century Skills Maps that illustrate the essential…

Partnership for 21st Century Skills, 2011

2011-01-01

438

Entrepreneurship Education: Learning the Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to emphasize entrepreneurial skills in relation to management and industry skills, this first volume of the Entrepreneurship Education curriculum guide is comprised of nineteen sessions. The initial session is an orientation to the course and is followed by eighteen sessions divided into four instructional units: (1) inner control, (2)…

Scanlan, Thomas J.; And Others

439

Assessing Pupils' Skills in Experimentation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is concerned with different forms of assessment of pupils' skills in experimentation. The findings of three studies are reported. Study 1 investigates whether it is possible to develop reliable multiple-choice tests for the skills of forming hypotheses, designing experiments and analysing experimental data. Study 2 compares scores from…

Hammann, Marcus; Phan, Thi Thanh Hoi; Ehmer, Maike; Grimm, Tobias

2008-01-01

440

Teaching 'soft' skills to engineers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engineering departments widely recognise an increasing need to equip students with effective study skills early in their university education and basic professional skills prior to graduation. These, however, are traditionally difficult modules to teach successfully to larger groups through traditional lecturing. Observations suggest a poor absorption rate from the students and thus a lack in their ability to benefit from

Susan H. Pulko; Samir Parikh

441

Cognitive skills programmes for offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the impact of the meta-analyses and ‘What Works’ in offender treatment, cognitive skills programmes for offenders have become widely used in both the community and in custody. This overview is primarily concerned with the issue of effectiveness: do cognitive skills programmes have an effect on reoffending? The extant evidence suggests that there are lower rates of reoffending among offenders

Clive R. Hollin; Emma J. Palmer

2009-01-01

442

Social skills deficits associated with depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the empirical evidence of impaired social skills associated with depression. Conceptualizations of social skills are examined followed by evidence from self-report, observer-rating, and behavioral assessments of depressed people's social skills. Evidence of social skills deficits in children with depression and in people with bipolar disorder is also examined. The effectiveness of social skills training as a treatment

Chris Segrin

2000-01-01

443

Meeting the Demand: Teaching "Soft" Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains four papers (and an introduction by William Wilhelm) on teaching "soft" skills in business education programs. "The Skill Building Challenge: Preparing a Bridge for the Workforce Skills Gap" (Sheila M. Smith) examines the following topics: the workforce skills gap; the importance of academic and behavioral skills; and public…

Wilhelm, William J.; Logan, Joyce; Smith, Sheila M.; Szul, Linda F.

444

45 CFR 286.150 - Can a family, with a child under age 6, be penalized because a parent refuses to work because (s...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...refuses to work because (s)he cannot find child care? 286.150 Section 286...refuses to work because (s)he cannot find child care? (a) If the individual...has demonstrated that he or she cannot find child care, in accordance with...

2013-10-01

445

45 CFR 286.150 - Can a family, with a child under age 6, be penalized because a parent refuses to work because (s...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...refuses to work because (s)he cannot find child care? 286.150 Section 286...refuses to work because (s)he cannot find child care? (a) If the individual...has demonstrated that he or she cannot find child care, in accordance with...

2012-10-01

446

45 CFR 286.150 - Can a family, with a child under age 6, be penalized because a parent refuses to work because (s...  

...refuses to work because (s)he cannot find child care? 286.150 Section 286...refuses to work because (s)he cannot find child care? (a) If the individual...has demonstrated that he or she cannot find child care, in accordance with...

2014-10-01

447

45 CFR 261.15 - Can a family be penalized if a parent refuses to work because he or she cannot find child care?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...penalized if a parent refuses to work because he or she cannot find child care? 261.15 Section 261.15 Public Welfare...penalized if a parent refuses to work because he or she cannot find child care? (a) No, the State may not reduce or...

2013-10-01

448

45 CFR 261.15 - Can a family be penalized if a parent refuses to work because he or she cannot find child care?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...penalized if a parent refuses to work because he or she cannot find child care? 261.15 Section 261.15 Public Welfare...penalized if a parent refuses to work because he or she cannot find child care? (a) No, the State may not reduce or...

2011-10-01

449

45 CFR 286.150 - Can a family, with a child under age 6, be penalized because a parent refuses to work because (s...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...refuses to work because (s)he cannot find child care? 286.150 Section 286...refuses to work because (s)he cannot find child care? (a) If the individual...has demonstrated that he or she cannot find child care, in accordance with...

2011-10-01

450

45 CFR 261.15 - Can a family be penalized if a parent refuses to work because he or she cannot find child care?  

...penalized if a parent refuses to work because he or she cannot find child care? 261.15 Section 261.15 Public Welfare...penalized if a parent refuses to work because he or she cannot find child care? (a) No, the State may not reduce or...

2014-10-01

451

45 CFR 261.15 - Can a family be penalized if a parent refuses to work because he or she cannot find child care?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...penalized if a parent refuses to work because he or she cannot find child care? 261.15 Section 261.15 Public Welfare...penalized if a parent refuses to work because he or she cannot find child care? (a) No, the State may not reduce or...

2012-10-01

452

45 CFR 286.150 - Can a family, with a child under age 6, be penalized because a parent refuses to work because (s...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...refuses to work because (s)he cannot find child care? 286.150 Section 286...refuses to work because (s)he cannot find child care? (a) If the individual...has demonstrated that he or she cannot find child care, in accordance with...

2010-10-01

453

45 CFR 261.15 - Can a family be penalized if a parent refuses to work because he or she cannot find child care?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...penalized if a parent refuses to work because he or she cannot find child care? 261.15 Section 261.15 Public Welfare...penalized if a parent refuses to work because he or she cannot find child care? (a) No, the State may not reduce or...

2010-10-01

454

47 CFR 3.53 - FCC notification of refusal to provide telecommunications service to U.S. registered vessel(s).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false FCC notification of refusal to provide telecommunications...SERVICES Settlement Operations § 3.53 FCC notification of refusal to provide telecommunications... An accounting authority must inform the FCC immediately should it receive notice...

2012-10-01

455

47 CFR 3.53 - FCC notification of refusal to provide telecommunications service to U.S. registered vessel(s).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false FCC notification of refusal to provide telecommunications...SERVICES Settlement Operations § 3.53 FCC notification of refusal to provide telecommunications... An accounting authority must inform the FCC immediately should it receive notice...

2011-10-01

456

47 CFR 3.53 - FCC notification of refusal to provide telecommunications service to U.S. registered vessel(s).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false FCC notification of refusal to provide telecommunications...SERVICES Settlement Operations § 3.53 FCC notification of refusal to provide telecommunications... An accounting authority must inform the FCC immediately should it receive notice...

2013-10-01

457

47 CFR 3.53 - FCC notification of refusal to provide telecommunications service to U.S. registered vessel(s).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false FCC notification of refusal to provide telecommunications...SERVICES Settlement Operations § 3.53 FCC notification of refusal to provide telecommunications... An accounting authority must inform the FCC immediately should it receive notice...

2010-10-01

458

47 CFR 3.53 - FCC notification of refusal to provide telecommunications service to U.S. registered vessel(s).  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false FCC notification of refusal to provide telecommunications...SERVICES Settlement Operations § 3.53 FCC notification of refusal to provide telecommunications... An accounting authority must inform the FCC immediately should it receive notice...

2014-10-01

459

Graduated Exposure and Compliance Training Intervention for Blood Draw Avoidance and Refusal in a Woman with Intellectual Disability and Schizoaffective Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case report concerns a woman with intellectual disability, schizoaffective disorder, and avoidance and refusal of having her blood drawn. She required but refused blood draws to properly monitor the therapeutic dose of a necessary psychotropic medication. During intervention at a community-based habilitation setting and under simulated…

Cromartie, R. Samuel; Flood, William A.; Luiselli, James K.

2014-01-01

460

49 CFR 385.337 - What happens if a new entrant refuses to permit a safety audit to be performed on its operations?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false What happens if a new entrant refuses to permit a safety audit...REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES New Entrant Safety Assurance Program § 385.337 What happens if a new entrant refuses to permit a safety...

2011-10-01

461

49 CFR 385.337 - What happens if a new entrant refuses to permit a safety audit to be performed on its operations?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false What happens if a new entrant refuses to permit a safety audit...REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES New Entrant Safety Assurance Program § 385.337 What happens if a new entrant refuses to permit a safety...

2010-10-01

462

Mine-refuse impoundments in the United States. [Includes detailed analysis of Buffalo Creek failure and other failures or hazardous problems in USA, Chile, etc  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changing mining and processing techniques, utilization of lower grades of ore, and increased demand for fuels and minerals are resulting in the acceleration of increased size, rapidity of construction, and numbers of major mine, mill, and plant refuse embankments throughout the United States. These factors all contribute to the need for greater engineering consideration of the refuse structures, especially those

D. P. Schlick; W. A. Wahler

1976-01-01

463

CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (Research Skills, Technical Skills): CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (Declarative Knowledge): Graduates will be knowledgeable  

E-print Network

) and COMMUNICATION (Other Forms of Communication: Musical Performance) and CRITICAL THINKING (Creative Skills. COMMUNICATION (Oral Communication) and CRITICAL THINKING (Analytical Skills): In each semester, students) and CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS (Practical Skills): Graduates with B. Mus. (Music Education) will demonstrate

Fernandez, Eduardo

464

49 CFR 40.191 - What is a refusal to take a DOT drug test, and what are the consequences?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the collection process, fail to wash hands after being directed to do so by the...to determine if you have any type of prosthetic or other device that could be used to...process. (10) Possess or wear a prosthetic or other device that could be used...

2011-10-01

465

Drugs of abuse, driving and traffic safety.  

PubMed

Roadside studies indicate that 1-15% of drivers drive under the influence of one or more drugs of abuse. After drug use, drivers are more often culpable for an accident than non-users. Information on drugs and traffic safety comes from roadside studies, epidemiological research, experimental studies on driving-related skills, and on-the-road driving tests. Road-side studies show that drivers most frequently test positive for the use of alcohol and/or cannabis. These two drugs affect driving ability in a dose-dependent matter and result in poor vehicle control, especially when used in combination. Drivers on cocaine, ecstasy and amphetamine show no impairment on basic driving skills, but often overestimate their driving skills. In combination with impaired decision making, this increases risk taking during driving. Only few studies looked at the effects on driving of other drugs of abuse, such as ketamine, inhalants and anabolic steroids, but suggest a negative effect on driving performance. In conclusion, most drugs of abuse negatively affect driving ability, especially when used in combination with alcohol or another drug. It is of concern that a substantial number of drug users are not aware that their driving is impaired. PMID:20088818

Penning, Renske; Veldstra, Janet L; Daamen, Anne P; Olivier, Berend; Verster, Joris C

2010-03-01

466

Drug Facts  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... this page Hear and read a story about drug treatment. Take a quiz : What do you know about drugs? Haga clic aquí para información sobre el abuso ... y tratamiento. VIDEO: Anyone Can Become Addicted to Drugs VIDEO: Why Are Drugs So Hard to Quit? ...

467

Europe's Skill Challenge: Lagging Skill Demand Increases Risks of Skill Mismatch. Briefing Note  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main findings of Cedefop's latest skill demand and supply forecast for the European Union (EU) for 2010-20, indicate that although further economic troubles will affect the projected number of job opportunities, the major trends, including a shift to more skill-intensive jobs and more jobs in services, will continue. Between 2008 and 2010…

Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2012

2012-01-01

468

A Typology and Analysis of Drug Resistance Strategies of Rural Native Hawaiian Youth  

PubMed Central

This study examines the drug resistance strategies described by Native Hawaiian youth residing in rural communities. Sixty-four youth from 7 middle and intermediate schools on the Island of Hawai‘i participated in a series of gender-specific focus groups. Youth responded to 15 drug-related problem situations developed and validated from prior research. A total of 509 responses reflecting primary or secondary drug resistance strategies were identified by the youth, which were qualitatively collapsed into 16 different categories. Primary drug resistance strategies were those that participants listed as a single response, or the first part of a two-part response, while secondary drug resistance strategies were those that were used in tandem with primary drug resistance strategies. Over half of the responses reflecting primary drug resistance strategies fell into three different categories (“refuse,” “explain,” or “angry refusal”), whereas over half of the responses reflecting secondary drug resistance strategies represented one category (“explain”). Significant gender differences were found in the frequency of using different strategies as well as variations in the frequency of using different strategies based on the type of drug offerer (family versus friends/peers). Implications for prevention practice are discussed. PMID:20640939

Helm, Susana; Giroux, Danielle; Kaliades, Alexis; Kawano, Kaycee Nahe; Kulis, Stephen

2010-01-01

469

Medicare and Skilled Nursing Facility Care Benefits  

MedlinePLUS

... 2008 www. medicare. gov/ nhcompare Medicare and Skilled Nursing Facility Care Benefi ts GETTING STARTED Skilled Care ... Program (SHIP). To fi nd and compare skilled nursing facilities in your area , visit www.medicare.gov ...

470

The Changing Skill Composition of Labour Demand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of Australian data on distribution of employment across skill groups and growth of hours worked concluded that the relative demand for skilled workers is rising and growth in low-skill work is virtually nil. (SK)

Wooden, Mark

2000-01-01

471

Steam gasification of tyre waste, poplar, and refuse-derived fuel: A comparative analysis  

SciTech Connect

In the field of waste management, thermal disposal is a treatment option able to recover resources from 'end of life' products. Pyrolysis and gasification are emerging thermal treatments that work under less drastic conditions in comparison with classic direct combustion, providing for reduced gaseous emissions of heavy metals. Moreover, they allow better recovery efficiency since the process by-products can be used as fuels (gas, oils), for both conventional (classic engines and heaters) and high efficiency apparatus (gas turbines and fuel cells), or alternatively as chemical sources or as raw materials for other processes. This paper presents a comparative study of a steam gasification process applied to three different waste types (refuse-derived fuel, poplar wood and scrap tyres), with the aim of comparing the corresponding yields and product compositions and exploring the most valuable uses of the by-products.

Galvagno, S. [Department of Environment, Global Change and Sustainable Development, C.R. ENEA Portici, via Vecchio Macello loc. Granatello, 80055 Portici (Italy)], E-mail: sergio.galvagno@portici.enea.it; Casciaro, G. [Department of Physical Technologies and New Materials, C.R. ENEA Brindisi, SS. 7 Appia-km 706, 72100 Brindisi (Italy); Casu, S. [Department of Environment, Global Change and Sustainable Development, C.R. ENEA Bologna, via Martiri di Monte Sole 4, 40129 Bologna (Italy); Martino, M. [Department of Environment, Global Change and Sustainable Development, C.R. ENEA Trisaia, SS 106 Jonica km 419-500, 75026 Rotondella (Italy); Mingazzini, C. [Department of Physical Technologies and New Materials, C.R. ENEA Faenza, via Ravegnana 186, 48018 Faenza (Italy); Russo, A. [Department of Environment, Global Change and Sustainable Development, C.R. ENEA Trisaia, SS 106 Jonica km 419-500, 75026 Rotondella (Italy); Portofino, S. [Department of Environment, Global Change and Sustainable Development, C.R. ENEA Portici, via Vecchio Macello loc. Granatello, 80055 Portici (Italy)

2009-02-15

472

Effects of inhaled municipal refuse incinerator fly ash in the guinea pig.  

PubMed

Fly ash was collected from two municipal refuse incinerators. It was analyzed for heavy metals, elements, and a wide range of toxic organics. It was resuspended in air for inhalation exposure of guinea pigs. These animals were exposed at high concentrations of each ash 6 h/d for 5 d, and tissues were taken 45 d after the exposure. Following the first exposure and after each daily exposure the ventilatory response of these animals upon challenge with CO2 was found to be depressed. Recovery occurred following exposure. Heavy metals, cadmium, lead, zinc, and mercury were elevated in the lungs of these animals. Histologic evaluation of pulmonary tissue revealed multifocal pneumoconiosis. Interstitial infiltration by macrophages and smooth muscle hypertrophy of blood vessels and bronchioles were also observed. There was no evidence of a dioxinlike toxic effect following inhalation of these ashes. PMID:2506362

Alarie, Y; Iwasaki, M; Stock, M F; Pearson, R C; Shane, B S; Lisk, D J

1989-01-01

473

Demonstration test of refuse-derived fuel as a supplemental fuel in cement kilns  

SciTech Connect

Fluff refuse-derived fuel (RDF) from Baltimore County, Maryland, residential solid waste was successfully tested as a supplementary fuel with pulverized coal in a large rotary cement kiln. RDF was produced at the Baltimore County Resource Recovery Facility, a joint project of Baltimore County and the State's Maryland Environmental Service. Tests were conducted by Teledyne National in cooperation with the Lehigh Portland Cement Company. A total of 1400 tons of RDF was burned in a 700 ton-per-day kiln, contributing an average of 30% of the kiln heat. There were four days of initial testing followed by a 27-day extended test of which 20 days involved burning RDF. Cement quality and chemistry, RDF characteristics, and air emissions were determined.

Willey, C.R.; Weinberger, C.S.

1985-04-01

474

Conflicts between religious or spiritual beliefs and pediatric care: informed refusal, exemptions, and public funding.  

PubMed

Although respect for parents' decision-making authority is an important principle, pediatricians should report suspected cases of medical neglect, and the state should, at times, intervene to require medical treatment of children. Some parents' reasons for refusing medical treatment are based on their religious or spiritual beliefs. In cases in which treatment is likely to prevent death or serious disability or relieve severe pain, children's health and future autonomy should be protected. Because religious exemptions to child abuse and neglect laws do not equally protect all children and may harm some children by causing confusion about the duty to provide medical treatment, these exemptions should be repealed. Furthermore, public health care funds should not cover alternative unproven religious or spiritual healing practices. Such payments may inappropriately legitimize these practices as appropriate medical treatment. PMID:24167167

2013-11-01

475

An obligation to provide abortion services: what happens when physicians refuse?  

PubMed Central

Access to abortion services in the United States continues to decline. It does so not because of significant changes in legislation or court rulings but because fewer and fewer physicians wish to perform abortions and because most states now have "conscientious objection" legislation that makes it easy for physicians to refuse to do so. We argue in this paper that physicians have an obligation to perform all socially sanctioned medical services, including abortions, and thus that the burden of justification lies upon those who wish to be excused from that obligation. That is, such persons should have to show how requiring them to perform abortions would represent a serious threat to their fundamental moral or religious beliefs. We use current California law as an example of legislation that does not take physicians' obligations into account and thus allows them too easily to declare conscientious objection. PMID:8731539

Meyers, C; Woods, R D

1996-01-01

476

Refusal Strategies in L1 and L2: A Study of Persian-Speaking Learners of English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to explore pragmalinguistic strategies employed by a group of Iranian English language learners when making refusals to invitations, requests, offers and suggestions in their first (Persian) and second (English) languages. Data were collected from 86 participants through a Discourse Completion Test (DCT). The social…

Babai Shishavan, Homa; Sharifian, Farzad

2013-01-01

477

A Family-Centered Positive Behavior Support Approach to the Amelioration of Food Refusal Behavior: An Empirical Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a family-centered positive behavior support approach to the amelioration of food refusal behavior in a child with autism. The study was conducted with the child and his family in their home. It employed an empirical case study design with one meal routine: snack time. Following…

Binnendyk, Lauren; Lucyshyn, Joseph M.

2009-01-01

478

A Mandatory, High-Stakes National Teacher Evaluation System: Perceptions and Attributions of Teachers Who Actively Refuse to Participate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines why some public elementary school teachers openly refuse participation in a mandatory national, standards-based teacher evaluation program. We describe the perceptions these "rebel" teachers have of the evaluation system, studying their open resistance based on the meanings they construct, and elaborated an explanatory model…

Tornero, Bernardita; Taut, Sandy

2010-01-01

479

ANALYSIS OF FLY ASH PRODUCED FROM COMBUSTION OF REFUSE-DERIVED FUEL AND COAL MIXTURES (JOURNAL VERSION)  

EPA Science Inventory

Mixtures of coal and refuse-derived fuel (RDF) were burned and the fly ash was collected and analyzed for concentration trends with respect to RDF/coal ratio and particle size. RDF contributes more Cs, Mn, Sb, and Pb to the fly ash while coal contributes greater amounts of As, Br...

480

Growth response of Pinus halepensis to inoculation with Pisolithus arhizus in a terraced rangeland amended with urban refuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

A field experiment was carried out to evaluate the growth response of Pinus halepensis seedlings inoculated with Pisolithus arhizus and planted in a terraced rangeland amended with urban solid refuse. The application of the organic amendment mediated a significant increase in soil fertility and soil water content. Twenty seven months after planting seedling survival rates did not differ significantly among

A. Roldan; I. Querejeta; J. Albaladejo; V. Castillo

1996-01-01

481

MUNICIPAL WASTE COMBUSTION, MULTIPOLLUTANT STUDY, EMISSION TEST REPORT, MAINE ENERGY RECOVERY COMPANY REFUSE DERIVED FUEL FACILITY, BIDDEFORD, MAINE - VOLUME I  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of an emission test of a new municipal solid waste combustor, in Biddeford, ME, that burns refuse-derived fuel and is equipped with a lime spray dryer fabric filter (SD/FF) emission control system. ontrol efficiency of the SD/FF emission control system wa...

482

On Cartographies of Anti-Homophobia in Teacher Education (and the Crisis of Witnessing Rural Student Teacher Refusals)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the problem of student refusals in a rural Australian teacher education programme as a problem located in particular spatialised social relations. Drawing upon teacher educator reflections and student online discussions, the paper documents a situated approach to anti-homophobia teacher education: one in which student…

McConaghy, Cathryn

2004-01-01

483

THE INVESTIGATION OF THE USE OF COAL MINE REFUSE FOR SUBBASE MATERIAL AND EMBANKMENT FILL IN SOUTH DAKOTA1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regions of the United States are experiencing a lack in quantity of conventional aggregates such as sand, gravel, and crushed rock. Central and western South Dakota are specific regions experiencing such a shortage. Past coal mining is prevalent throughout western South Dakota; these operations produced waste material consisting of refuse piles commonly referred to as \\

Allen L. Jones; Richard S. Uckert

484

St. Louis demonstration: refuse processing plant equipment, facilities, and environmental evaluations. Final report Sep 74Sep 75  

Microsoft Academic Search

The report presents the results of processing plant evaluations of the St. Louis-Union Electric Refuse Fuel Project, including equipment and facilities as well as assessment of environmental emissions at both the processing and power plants. Data on plant material flows and operating parameters, plant operating costs, characteristics of plant material flows, and emissions from various processing operations were obtained during

D. E. Fiscus; P. G. Gorman; M. P. Schrag; L. J. Shannon

1977-01-01

485

Automatic interpretation of MSS-LANDSAT data applied to coal refuse site studies in southern Santa Catarina State, Brazil  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The coal mining district in southeastern Santa Catarina State is considered one of the most polluted areas of Brazil. The author has identified significant preliminary results on the application of MSS-LANDSAT digital data to monitor the coal refuse areas and its environmental consequences in this region.

Parada, N. D. J. (principal investigator); Kux, H. J. H.; Valeriano, D. D. M.

1982-01-01

486

EVA Skills Training  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Dr. Parazynski and a colleague from Extravehicular Activity (EVA), Robotics, & Crew Systems Operations (DX) worked closely to build the EVA Skills Training Program, and for the first time, defined the gold standards of EVA performance, allowing crewmembers to increase their performance significantly. As part of the program, individuals had the opportunity to learn at their own rate, taking additional water time as required, to achieve that level of performance. This focus on training to one's strengths and weaknesses to bolster them enabled the Crew Office and DX to field a much larger group of spacewalkers for the daunting "wall of EVA" required for the building and maintenance of the ISS. Parazynski also stressed the need for designers to understand the capabilities and the limitations of a human in a spacesuit, as well as opportunities to improve future generations of space. He shared lessons learned (how the Crew Office engaged in these endeavors) and illustrated the need to work as a team to develop these complex systems.

Parazynski, Scott

2012-01-01

487

Characterization of Methylocystis strain JTA1 isolated from aged refuse and its tolerance to chloroform.  

PubMed

To accelerate the efficiency of methane biodegradation in landfills, a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile, non-spore-forming bacterium, JTA1, which can utilize methane as well as acetate, was isolated from the Laogang MSW landfills, Shanghai, China. Strain JTA1 was a member of genus Methylocystis on the basis of 16S rRNA and pmoA gene sequence similarity. The maximum specific cell growth rates (micro(max) = 0.042 hr(-1), R2 = 0.995) was derived through Boltzmann simulation, and the apparent half-saturation constants (K(m(app)) = 7.08 mmol/L, R2 = 0.982) was calculated according to Michaelis-Menton hyperbolic model, indicating that Methylocystis strain JTA1 had higher-affinity potential for methane oxidation than other reported methanotrophs. By way of adding the strain JTA1 culture, the methane consumption of aged refuse reached 115 mL, almost two times of control experiment. In addition, high tolerance of Methylocystis strain JTA1 to chloroform could facilitate the methane oxidation of aged refuse bio-covers. At the chloroform concentration of 50 mg/L, the methane-oxidation rate of bio-cover reached 0.114 mL/(day x g), much higher than the highest rate, 0.0135 mL/(day x g), of reported bio-covers. In conclusion, strain JTA1 opens up a new possibility for environmental biotechnology, such as soil or landfills bioremediation and wastewater decontamination. PMID:23923786

Zhao, Tiantao; Zhang, Lijie; Zhang, Yunru; Xing, Zhilin; Peng, Xuya

2013-04-01

488

“Brown Bag” Simulations to Teach Drug Utilization Review  

PubMed Central

Objective. To teach drug utilization review (DUR) skills to pharmacy students and assess their abilities and confidence before and after training. Design. Profile reviews and online and live drug-utilization-review activities of increasing difficulty were incorporated into the first (P1), second (P2), and third (P3) years of the Pharmacy Skills Training Laboratory sequence in a doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) curriculum. Assessment. An online survey instrument was administered to gauge how comfortable students were with specific DUR skills before and after the activities. Students’ confidence in performing specific DUR skills improved after completing the activities. Conclusion. Profile reviews, as well as online and live medication reviews, gave students numerous opportunities to practice drug utilization review skills throughout the first 3 years of the pharmacy curriculum. Students’ confidence in performing specific drug utilization review skills improved after the activities. Students’ ability to perform the skills also improved as measured with the developed checklist in section V and VI of the Pharmacy Skills Laboratory sequence. PMID:24672073

Begley, Kimberley; Hoie, Eric; Elsasser, Gary; Augustine, Sam

2014-01-01

489

Skill Standards for Wireless Telecommunications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developing and implementing strong educational programs are essential steps to take toward affirmatively responding to the shortage of qualified workers for the wireless industry. Community and technical colleges have an enviable opportunity to respond quickly and creatively to wireless manpower supply gaps and manpower shortages. Key to this effort, however, is the necessity to identify core skills and knowledge bases for technicians and engineers. Merely training individuals is not a sufficient response to the need for skilled workers. Achieving consistently high levels of quality both in product and in productivity is an imperative in all sectors of the wireless industry. This realization in turn underscores the need for industry-driven standards for the skill development of workers. For Seattle Central Community College, North Seattle Community College, Bellevue Community College and their industry and labor partners, identifying generic skills and requisite and unique wireless skills and abilities through the skill standards process is tantamount to the task of developing educational programs that prepare individuals for the wireless workplace. The wireless skill standards have been developed at a critical timesignificant changes in local and global wireless technology require clearly articulated standards for both product and employee performance. The outcome of this process is critical to the ability of companies to hire and retain excellent RF talent in a highly competitive market. Both industry and labor recognize the importance of clearly articulated universal skills as a basis for the preparation of qualified and competent workers for the industry, and they will be the ultimate beneficiaries of the results of the wireless skill standards project. Target Audience: 2-4 Year College Faculty/Administrators

2010-01-04

490

Rate of Family Refusal of Organ Donation in Dead-Brain Donors: the Iranian Tissue Bank Experience  

PubMed Central

Background: The growing gap between organ supply and demand remains a worldwide serious problem. Losing dead-brain donor organs can be attributed to several reasons including un-recognition of potential donor by ICU staff, death before official declaration of brain death and high refusal rate of deceased donors' families. Objective: To study the trend of dead-brain patients' relatives refusal of organ donation from 2007 to 2011. Methods: This study was a retrospective review of all patients who had been introduced as brain death to the organ procurement unit (OPU) of Iranian Tissue Bank between April 2007 and April 2012 according to preliminary neurological exam performed in the hospital of origin. The refusal rate of dead-brain patients' families and its reasons was evaluated. Results: A total of 874 ICU admitted patients with severe brain injury (Glasgow coma score <7) was introduced to our center and were visited by the coordinator team during April 2007 to April 2012. 412 (47%) patients were excluded from the study mainly due to unsuitability for donation according to the approved medical protocols (n=205) and not fulfilling the brain death criteria (n=66). The families of the remaining cases (n=462) had been interviewed 343 (74.2%) of whom permitted donation. The mean±SD age of donors was 29.8±13.2 years; the male/female ratio was almost 2. The most common reason of brain death was traffic collision (n=120; 56.3%) and cerebrovascular accidents (n=40; 18.8%). The refusal rate from 2007 to 2011 has decreased respectively, from 30.4% to 20% in Tehran, and from 57.1% to 51.6% in other cities. The overall refusal rate was 25.8%. Conclusion: Our study confirmed that more level of expertise of the coordinator team and continuous public education, would result in higher rate of consent to organ donation. PMID:25013656

Mahdavi-Mazdeh, M.; Khodadadi, A.; Tirgar, N.; Riazi, N.

2013-01-01

491

Wellness and illness self-management skills in community corrections.  

PubMed

Community corrections provide a readjustment venue for re-entry between incarceration and home for inmates in the US corrections system. Our goal was to determine how self-management skills, an important predictor of re-entry success, varied by demographic and risk factors. In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed responses of 675 clients from 57 community corrections programs run by the regional division of the Federal Bureau of Prisons. A self-administered survey collected data on self-management skills, demographics, and risk factors; significant associations were applied in four regression models: the overall self-management score and three self-management subscales: coping skills, goals, and drug use. Over one-quarter (27.2%/146) of participants had a mental health history. White race, no mental health history and high school education were associated with better overall self-management scores; mental health history and drug use in the past year were associated with lower coping scores; female gender and high school education were associated with better self-management goals; female gender was associated with better self-management drug use scores. Self-management programs may need to be individualized for different groups of clients. Lower scores for those with less education suggest an area for targeted, nurse-led interventions. PMID:25625708

Kelly, Patricia J; Ramaswamy, Megha; Chen, Hsiang-Feng; Denny, Donald

2015-02-01

492

A streamlined software environment for situated skills  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper documents a powerful set of software tools used for developing situated skills. These situated skills form the reactive level of a three-tiered intelligent agent architecture. The architecture is designed to allow these skills to be manipulated by a task level engine which is monitoring the current situation and selecting skills necessary for the current task. The idea is to coordinate the dynamic activations and deactivations of these situated skills in order to configure the reactive layer for the task at hand. The heart of the skills environment is a data flow mechanism which pipelines the currently active skills for execution. A front end graphical interface serves as a debugging facility during skill development and testing. We are able to integrate skills developed in different languages into the skills environment. The power of the skills environment lies in the amount of time it saves for the programmer to develop code for the reactive layer of a robot.

Yu, Sophia T.; Slack, Marc G.; Miller, David P.

1994-01-01

493

Drugged Driving  

MedlinePLUS

... These faculties include motor skills, balance and coordination, perception, attention, reaction time, and judgment. Even small amounts ... that marijuana can negatively affect a driver’s attentiveness, perception of time and speed, and ability to draw ...

494

Why Do Social Skills Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I propose a model where social skills of a manager signal the workers that their e¤ort is productive. In this model …rms with a high productivity of e¤ort hire a socially skilled manager and pay higher wages, and workers hired by these …rms exert higher e¤ort. In a broader context, the paper argues the employees are compensated

Suren Basov

2002-01-01

495

[Intramuscular administration of drugs: skills of pharmacy personnel].  

PubMed

Complications from the incorrect administration of intramuscular injections can cause serious organic damages, infections and increase the patient's permanence in health institution or to harm the functions in the work. The previous study detected several cases of patients with local complications after administration of diclofenac in pharmacies and it concluded that the lack of knowledge of this technique can be the causes of these complications. This current study objectives to identify and evaluate the level of knowledge of the professional that administer medications in pharmacies of Ribeirão Preto--SP. The study constituted in a survey, from a questionnaire with 20 open and closed questions, applied to a population constituted for occupational working in pharmacies, selected through the method of the sampling, resulting in a total of 41 pharmacies. It was concluded that the population is receiving medications from occupationals, without a specific formation and with deficit of knowledge regarding the technique. The subjects referred not to receive training to exercise that procedure, learning it with other employee or observing somebody that accomplishes it. It results knowledge gaps that can cause complications in the population that uses the services of those institutions. PMID:11337758

Rangel, S M; Cassiani, S H

2000-06-01

496

Urban College Graduates: Their Investments in and Returns for Strong Quantitative Skills, Social Capital Skills, and Soft Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study examined strong quantitative skills, social capital skills, and soft skills of urban college graduates using data from the Multi-City Study of Urban Inequality Household Survey. The urban college graduates lived in Atlanta, Boston, or Los Angeles and had bachelor's, master's, PhD, and professional degrees. Among the three skills…

Haynes, Marie Ellen

2010-01-01

497

Anaesthetic drugs in the elderly.  

PubMed

The outcome of surgery in the elderly depends on the skill of the surgeon and the expertise of the anaesthetist caring for the patient. This anaesthetic proficiency depends initially on the application of the detailed knowledge of the drugs used during anaesthesia, and on the understanding of the way changes in the elderly patients' physiology with ageing affects both kinetic and dynamic facets of pharmacology. However, the very diversity of the elderly population makes their precise response to drugs unpredictable, and, therefore, clear, unequivocal guidance on practice is limited. The important changes in both physiology and pharmacokinetics with ageing are discussed before covering the specific drugs used in current anaesthetic practice in the United Kingdom. This review covers the drugs used primary for the induction and maintenance of anaesthesia, and only covers related fields where there are changes in recent practice that raise issues of importance during surgery. This review, therefore, deals mainly with the anaesthetic vapours and intravenous drugs, and with neuromuscular blocking agents. The restriction of space and the enormity of the subject demand that the areas covered in this review are solely limited to the major classes of drugs used routinely in general anaesthetic practice in the United Kingdom. The detailed pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs also used in the post-operative period, such as the wide variety of opiates, and of drugs mainly used in general medical practice, but occasionally used as premedicants or supplements during anaesthesia, have been monitored only in passing. PMID:7667402

Dodds, C

1995-05-01

498

Drug Interactions  

MedlinePLUS

... opium Drugs to treat erectile dysfunction, such as Viagra Drugs used to treat tuberculosis, especially rifampin Other ... could result in an unwanted pregnancy. WHAT ABOUT HERBAL PRODUCTS? There has been very little research on ...

499

Club Drugs  

MedlinePLUS

Club drugs are group of psychoactive drugs. They act on the central nervous system and can cause changes ... K, and Jet Rohypnol, also known as Roofies Methamphetamine, also known as Speed, Ice, Chalk, Meth, Crystal, ...

500

Prescription Drugs  

MedlinePLUS

... at once. This effect increases the risk for addiction and overdose. Side effects. Prescription drugs are designed ... of these types of medications can lead to addiction. And, abusing any type of drug that causes ...