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Sample records for dy tb gd

  1. Temperature dependent EUV spectra of Gd, Tb and Dy ions observed in the Large Helical Device

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suzuki, C.; Koike, F.; Murakami, I.; Tamura, N.; Sudo, S.

    2015-07-01

    We have observed a number of different types of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) spectra from highly charged gadolinium (Gd), terbium (Tb) and dysprosium (Dy) ions in optically thin plasmas produced in the Large Helical Device at the National Institute for Fusion Science. Temporal changes in EUV spectra in the 6-9 nm region subsequent to the injections of solid pellets were measured by a grazing incidence spectrometer. The spectra rapidly change from discrete features into unresolved transition arrays (UTAs) following a drop in the electron temperature after the heating power is reduced. In particular, extremely narrowed UTA features, which comprise spectral lines of Ag-like, Pd-like and neighboring ion stages, are observed when the peak electron temperature is less than 0.45 keV due to the formation of hollow plasmas. Some discrete spectral lines of Cu-like and Ag-like ions have been identified in the high and low temperature plasmas, respectively, some of which are experimentally identified for the first time.

  2. VUV-UV luminescence of Ce3+, Tb3+, Eu3+, and Dy3+ doped GdOCl

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Yong; Pan, Yan; Chen, Hongmei; Tao, Ye

    2015-12-01

    The vacuum ultraviolet spectroscopic properties of GdOCl:Re3+ (Re3+ = Ce3+, Tb3+, Eu3+, and Dy3+) are investigated in detail for the first time. The host absorption band is determined to be around 179 nm, and the f-d transition bands as well as the charge transfer bands are assigned. Upon 179 nm excitation, Re3+ (Re3+ = Ce3+, Tb3+, Eu3+, Dy3+) ions shown their characteristic emissions. Energy transfers from Gd3+ to Re3+ ion were observed. A broad band ranging from 350 to 400 nm corresponding to the d-f transition of Ce3+ is observed. Eu3+ has typical red emission with the strongest peak at 620 nm; Tb3+ shows characteristic transition of 5D3,4 ? 7Fj, and its spin-forbidden and spin-allowed f-d transitions in VUV region are calculated with Dorenbos' equations, these calculated values agree well with the experimental results. Dy3+ presents yellow emission (4F9/2 ? 6H13/2) with the strongest peak at 573 nm.

  3. Anomalous pressure dependence of magnetic ordering temperature in Tb revealed by resistivity measurements to 141 GPa. Comparison with Gd and Dy

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Lim, J.; Fabbris, G.; Haskel, D.; Schilling, J. S.

    2015-05-26

    In previous studies the pressure dependence of the magnetic ordering temperature To of Dy was found to exhibit a sharp increase above its volume collapse pressure of 73 GPa, appearing to reach temperatures well above ambient at 157 GPa. In a search for a second such lanthanide, electrical resistivity measurements were carried out on neighboring Tb to 141 GPa over the temperature range 3.8 - 295 K. Below Tb’s volume collapse pressure of 53 GPa, the pressure dependence To(P) mirrors that of both Dy and Gd. However, at higher pressures To(P) for Tb becomes highly anomalous. This result, together withmore »the very strong suppression of superconductivity by dilute Tb ions in Y, suggests that extreme pressure transports Tb into an unconventional magnetic state with an anomalously high magnetic ordering temperature.« less

  4. Anomalous pressure dependence of magnetic ordering temperature in Tb revealed by resistivity measurements to 141 GPa. Comparison with Gd and Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Lim, J.; Fabbris, G.; Haskel, D.; Schilling, J. S.

    2015-05-26

    In previous studies the pressure dependence of the magnetic ordering temperature To of Dy was found to exhibit a sharp increase above its volume collapse pressure of 73 GPa, appearing to reach temperatures well above ambient at 157 GPa. In a search for a second such lanthanide, electrical resistivity measurements were carried out on neighboring Tb to 141 GPa over the temperature range 3.8 - 295 K. Below Tb’s volume collapse pressure of 53 GPa, the pressure dependence To(P) mirrors that of both Dy and Gd. However, at higher pressures To(P) for Tb becomes highly anomalous. This result, together with the very strong suppression of superconductivity by dilute Tb ions in Y, suggests that extreme pressure transports Tb into an unconventional magnetic state with an anomalously high magnetic ordering temperature.

  5. Synthesis, characterisation and properties of rare earth oxyselenides A4O4Se3 (A = Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb and Y).

    PubMed

    Tuxworth, Andrew J; Wang, Chun-Hai; Evans, John S O

    2015-02-21

    Rare earth oxyselenides A4O4Se3 (A = Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb and Y) were synthesised using solid state reactions and three new structure types (?, ?, and ?) were observed. A4O4Se3 materials adopt either the ? (A = Nd, Sm), ? (A = Eu), ? (A = Gd, Tb) or ? (A = Dy, Ho, Er, Yb, Y) structure depending on the rare earth radius. Each structure type contains alternating [A2O2](2+) and Se(2-)/Se2(2-) layers. Different ordered and disordered arrangements of Se(2-) and [Se-Se](2-) give the Se layer flexibility and lead to the four different structure types observed. The volume coefficients of expansion for A4O4Se3 ranged from +1.746(9) × 10(-5) to +2.237(3) × 10(-5) K(-1) from 12 to 300 K; no structural phase transitions were observed in this temperature range. Diffuse reflection spectra show A4O4Se3 are semiconductors with band gap Eg 1.02-1.46 eV. Gd4O4Se3, Dy4O4Se3, and Tb4O4Se3 samples show antiferromagnetic ordering with Néel temperature, TN, of 7-9 K. DFT calculations confirm the two different valence states of Se(2-) and Se2(2-) in Eu4O4Se3. PMID:25581725

  6. Highly uniform and monodisperse GdOF:Ln3+ (Ln = Eu, Tb, Tm, Dy, Ho, Sm) microspheres: hydrothermal synthesis and tunable-luminescence properties.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yang; Kang, Xiaojiao; Geng, Dongling; Shang, Mengmeng; Wu, Yuan; Li, Xuejiao; Lian, Hongzhou; Cheng, Ziyong; Lin, Jun

    2013-10-21

    GdOF:Ln(3+) (Ln = Eu, Tb, Tm, Dy, Ho and Sm) microspheres (1.5 ?m) with high uniformity and monodispersity have been synthesized via a facile hydrothermal method followed by heat treatment (600 °C). X-Ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), as well as photoluminescence (PL) and cathodoluminescence (CL) spectra are used to characterize the resulting samples. A series of controlled experiments indicate that sodium citrate (Cit(3-)) as a shape modifier introduced into the reaction system plays a critical role in the shape evolution of the final products. Furthermore, the shape and size of the products can be further manipulated by adjusting the dosage of Cit(3-) and pH values in the initial solution. The possible formation mechanism for these microspheres has been presented. Under UV light and low-voltage electron beam excitation, GdOF:Ln(3+) microspheres show the characteristic f-f transitions of Ln(3+) (Eu, Tb/Ho, Tm, Dy and Sm) ions and give bright red, green, blue, yellow and yellowish-orange emission, respectively. In addition, multicolored luminescence containing white emission have been successfully confected for co-doped GdOF:Ln(3+) phosphors by changing the doped Ln(3+) ions and adjusting their doping concentrations due to the simultaneous luminescence of Ln(3+) in the GdOF host, making these materials have potential applications in field-emission display devices. PMID:23942823

  7. Crystal chemistry of the orthorhombic Ln2TiO5 compounds with Ln=La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb and Dy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aughterson, Robert D.; Lumpkin, Gregory R.; Thorogood, Gordon J.; Zhang, Zhaoming; Gault, Baptiste; Cairney, Julie M.

    2015-07-01

    The crystal structures of seven samples of orthorhombic (Pnma) Ln2TiO5 compounds with Ln=La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb and Dy were refined by Rietveld analysis of synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction (S-XRD) data. With increasing size of the lanthanide cation, the lattice parameters increase systematically: c by only ~1.5% whereas both a and b by ~6% from Dy2TiO5 to La2TiO5. The mean Ti-O bond length only increases by ~1% with increasing radius of the Ln cation from Gd to La, primarily due to expansion of the pair of Ti-O3 bonds to opposite corners of the Ti-O5 square based pyramid polyhedra. For Dy2TiO5 and Tb2TiO5, a significant variation in Ti-O1 and Ti-O4 bond lengths results in an increased deformation of the Ti-O5 base. The particular configuration consists of large rhombic shaped tunnels and smaller triangular tunnels along the b axis, which have implications for defect formation and migration caused by radiation damage or the ionic conductivity.

  8. Local magnetic moment formation at 119Sn Mössbauer impurity in RCo2 (R=Gd,Tb,Dy,Ho,Er) Laves phase compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Oliveira, A. L.; de Oliveira, N. A.; Troper, A.

    2008-04-01

    In this work, we theoretically study the local magnetic moment formation and the systematics of the magnetic hyperfine fields at a Mösbauer Sn119 impurity diluted at the R site (R=Gd,Tb,Dy,Ho,Er) of the cubic Laves phase intermetallic compounds RCo2. One considers that the magnetic hyperfine fields have two contributions, (i) the contribution from R ions, calculated via an extended Daniel-Friedel [J. Phys. Chem. Solids 24, 1601 (1963)] model, and (ii) the contribution from the induced magnetic moments arising from the Co neighboring sites. Our calculated self-consistent total magnetic hyperfine fields are in a good agreement with recent experimental data.

  9. Electronic structures of hexagonal RMnO3 ( R=Gd , Tb, Dy, and Ho) thin films: Optical spectroscopy and first-principles calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choi, Woo Seok; Kim, Dong Geun; Seo, Sung Seok A.; Moon, Soon Jae; Lee, Daesu; Lee, Jung Hyuk; Lee, Ho Sik; Cho, Deok-Yong; Lee, Yun Sang; Murugavel, Pattukkannu; Yu, Jaejun; Noh, Tae W.

    2008-01-01

    We investigated the electronic structure of multiferroic hexagonal RMnO3 ( R=Gd , Tb, Dy, and Ho) thin films using both optical spectroscopy and first-principles calculations. One of the difficulties in explaining the electronic structures of hexagonal RMnO3 is that they exist in nature with limited rare earth ions (i.e., R=Sc , Y, and Ho-Lu), so a systematic study in terms of the different R ions has been lacking. Recently, our group succeeded in fabricating hexagonal RMnO3 ( R=Gd , Tb, and Dy) using the epitaxial stabilization technique [Adv. Mater. (Weinheim Ger.) 18, 3125 (2006)]. Using artificially stabilized hexagonal RMnO3 , we extended the optical spectroscopic studies on the hexagonal multiferroic manganite system. We observed two optical transitions located near 1.7 and 2.3eV , in addition to the predominant absorption above 5eV . With the help of first-principles calculations, we attributed the low-lying optical absorption peaks to interband transitions from the oxygen states hybridized strongly with different Mn orbital symmetries to the Mn3d3z2-r2 state. As the ionic radius of the rare earth ion increased, we observed a systematic increase of the lowest peak position, which became more evident when compared with previously reported results. We explained this systematic change in terms of a flattening of the MnO5 triangular bipyramid.

  10. Rare earth-nickel-indides Dy{sub 5}Ni{sub 2}In{sub 4} and RE{sub 4}Ni{sub 11}In{sub 20} (RE=Gd, Tb, Dy)

    SciTech Connect

    Tyvanchuk, Yuriy B. Rodewald, Ute Ch.; Kalychak, Yaroslav M.; Poettgen, Rainer

    2008-04-15

    The new rare earth metal (RE)-nickel-indides Dy{sub 5}Ni{sub 2}In{sub 4} and RE{sub 4}Ni{sub 11}In{sub 20} (RE=Gd, Tb, Dy) were synthesized from the elements by arc-melting. Well-shaped single crystals were obtained by special annealing sequences. The four indides were investigated by X-ray diffraction on powders and single crystals: Lu{sub 5}Ni{sub 2}In{sub 4} type, Pbam, Z=2, a=1784.2(8), b=787.7(3), c=359.9(1) pm, wR{sub 2}=0.0458, 891 F{sup 2} values, 36 variables for Dy{sub 5}Ni{sub 2}In{sub 4}, U{sub 4}Ni{sub 11}Ga{sub 20} type, C2/m, a=2254.0(9), b=433.8(3), c=1658.5(8) pm, {beta}=124.59(2){sup o}, wR{sub 2}=0.0794, 2154 F{sup 2} values, 108 variables for Gd{sub 4}Ni{sub 11}In{sub 20}, a=2249.9(8), b=432.2(1), c=1657.9(5) pm, {beta}=124.59(2){sup o}, wR{sub 2}=0.0417, 2147 F{sup 2} values, 108 variables for Tb{sub 4}Ni{sub 11}In{sub 20}, and a=2252.2(5), b=430.6(1), c=1659.7(5) pm, {beta}=124.58(2){sup o}, wR{sub 2}=0.0550, 2003 F{sup 2} values, 109 variables for Dy{sub 4}Ni{sub 10.80}In{sub 20.20}. The 2d site in the dysprosium compound shows mixed Ni/In occupancy. Most nickel atoms in both series of compounds exhibit trigonal prismatic coordination by indium and rare earth atoms. Additionally, in the RE{sub 4}Ni{sub 11}In{sub 20} compounds one observes one-dimensional nickel clusters (259 pm Ni{sub 1}-Ni{sub 6} in Dy{sub 4}Ni{sub 10.80}In{sub 20.20}) that are embedded in an indium matrix. While only one short In{sub 1}-In{sub 2} contact at 324 pm is observed in Dy{sub 5}Ni{sub 2}In{sub 4}, the more indium-rich Dy{sub 4}Ni{sub 10.80}In{sub 20.20} structure exhibits a broader range in In-In interactions (291-364 pm). Together the nickel and indium atoms build up polyanionic networks, a two-dimensional one in Dy{sub 5}Ni{sub 2}In{sub 4} and a complex three-dimensional network in Dy{sub 4}Ni{sub 10.80}In{sub 20.20}. These features have a clear consequence on the dysprosium coordination, i.e. a variety of short Dy-Dy contacts (338-379 pm) in Dy{sub 5}Ni{sub 2}In{sub 4}, while the dysprosium atoms are well separated (430 pm shortest Dy-Dy distance) within the distorted hexagonal channels of the [Ni{sub 10.80}In{sub 20.20}] polyanion of Dy{sub 4}Ni{sub 10.80}In{sub 20.20}. The crystal chemistry of both structure types is comparatively discussed. - Graphical abstract: Crystal structure of Dy{sub 5}Ni{sub 2}In{sub 4}.

  11. Ion-irradiation resistance of the orthorhombic Ln2TiO5 (Ln = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb and Dy) series

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aughterson, Robert D.; Lumpkin, Gregory R.; Ionescu, Mihail; Reyes, Massey de los; Gault, Baptiste; Whittle, Karl R.; Smith, Katherine L.; Cairney, Julie M.

    2015-12-01

    The response of Ln2TiO5 (where Ln is a lanthanide) compounds exposed to high-energy ions was used to test their suitability for nuclear-based applications, under two different but complementary conditions. Eight samples with nominal stoichiometry Ln2TiO5 (Ln = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb and Dy), of orthorhombic (Pnma) structure were irradiated, at various temperatures, with 1 MeV Kr2+ ions in-situ within a transmission electron microscope. In each case, the fluence was increased until a phase transition from crystalline to amorphous was observed, termed critical dose Dc. At certain elevated temperatures, the crystallinity was maintained irrespective of fluence. The critical temperature for maintaining crystallinity, Tc, varied non-uniformly across the series. The Tc was consistently high for La, Pr, Nd and Sm2TiO5 before sequential improvement from Eu to Dy2TiO5 with Tc's dropping from 974 K to 712 K. In addition, bulk Dy2TiO5 was irradiated with 12 MeV Au+ ions at 300 K, 723 K and 823 K and monitored via grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD). At 300 K, only amorphisation is observed, with no transition to other structures, whilst at higher temperatures, specimens retained their original structure. The improved radiation tolerance of compounds containing smaller lanthanides has previously been attributed to their ability to form radiation-induced phase transitions. No such transitions were observed here.

  12. New Materials Derived from Ybco: CrSr2RECu2O8 (RE = La, Pr, Nd, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Y, Ho, Er, Lu).

    PubMed

    Ruiz-Bustos, Rocío; Aguirre, Myriam H; Alario-Franco, Miguel A

    2005-05-01

    Eleven new oxides, derived from yttrium barium copper oxide by replacing the square-planar copper [Cu-O4] of the basal plane of the triple perovskite-based structure with octahedral Cr(IV), have been prepared at high pressure and temperature. Their crystal structures have been determined, and their complex microstructure has been established by means of high-resolution electron microscopy and electron diffraction. The materials have a general formula of CrSr2RECu2O8 (RE = La, Pr, Nd, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Y, Ho, Er, and Lu); they are tetragonal, show the symmetry of space group P4/mmm, and do not appear to be superconducting. PMID:15847410

  13. Production cross sections of elements near the N=126 shell in Ca48-induced reactions with Gd154,Tb159,Dy162, and Ho165 targets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mayorov, D. A.; Werke, T. A.; Alfonso, M. C.; Bennett, M. E.; Folden, C. M.

    2014-08-01

    Excitation functions for shell-stabilized evaporation residues produced in Ca48-induced reactions with Gd154,Tb159,Dy162, and Ho165 targets have been measured in experiments performed at the Cyclotron Institute at Texas A&M University. The examined energy range predominantly covers the 3n and 4n evaporation channels with higher cross sections measured for the 4n products. The ?4n are nearly invariant within experimental uncertainty in reactions with Tb159,Dy162, and Ho165 with the maxima at 12.6 ± 1.9, 12.6 ± 1.7, and 9.4 ± 1.3 mb, respectively. For the reaction with Gd154, the maximum is slightly lower at 4.0 ± 0.6 mb. A simple model to describe the measured production cross sections was employed. Capture was estimated by using the "diffused barrier formula" from the "fusion by diffusion" model proposed by ?wi?tecki et al. [Phys. Rev. C 71, 014602 (2005)]., 10.1103/PhysRevC.71.014602 The fusion probability was estimated by using a phenomenological expression presented by Siwek-Wilczy?ska et al. [Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 17, 12 (2008)]., 10.1142/S0218301308009501 The survival probability was calculated according to the formula of Vandenbosch and Huizenga [Nuclear Fission (Academic, New York, 1973)], derived from transition-state theory. The best agreement is reached between calculation and experiment upon inclusion of collective effects in the calculation of the survival probability, shown previously to be important for production of weakly deformed nuclei. This, in turn, challenges the expectation that strong shell stabilization benefits the production cross section. The present data are compared with earlier studies on production of neutron-deficient nuclei in Ca-induced reactions with lanthanide targets.

  14. Synthesis, structure, and magnetism of a family of heterometallic {Cu2Ln7} and {Cu4Ln12} (Ln = Gd, Tb, and Dy) complexes: the Gd analogues exhibiting a large magnetocaloric effect.

    PubMed

    Langley, Stuart K; Moubaraki, Boujemaa; Tomasi, Corrado; Evangelisti, Marco; Brechin, Euan K; Murray, Keith S

    2014-12-15

    The syntheses, structures, and magnetic properties of two heterometallic Cu(II)-Ln(III) (Ln(III) = Gd, Tb, and Dy) families, utilizing triethanolamine and carboxylate ligands, are reported. The first structural motif displays a nonanuclear {Cu(II)2Ln(III)7} metallic core, while the second reveals a hexadecanuclear {Cu(II)4Ln(III)12} core. The differing nuclearities of the two families stem from the choice of carboxylic acid used in the synthesis. Magnetic studies show that the most impressive features are displayed by the {Cu(II)2Gd(III)7} and {Cu(II)4Gd(III)12} complexes, which display a large magnetocaloric effect, with entropy changes -?Sm = 34.6 and 33.0 J kg(-1) K(-1) at T = 2.7 and 2.9 K, respectively, for a 9 T applied field change. It is also found that the {Cu(II)4Dy(III)12} complex displays single-molecule magnet behavior, with an anisotropy barrier to magnetization reversal of 10.1 K. PMID:25494949

  15. S-shaped decanuclear heterometallic [Ni8Ln2] complexes [Ln(III) = Gd, Tb, Dy and Ho]: theoretical modeling of the magnetic properties of the gadolinium analogue.

    PubMed

    Hossain, Sakiat; Das, Sourav; Chakraborty, Amit; Lloret, Francesc; Cano, Joan; Pardo, Emilio; Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli

    2014-07-14

    The reaction of 8-quinolinol-2-carboaldoxime (LH2) with Ni(II) and Ln(III) salts afforded the heterometallic decanuclear compounds [Ni8Dy2(?3-OH)2(L)8(LH)2(H2O)6](ClO4)2·16H2O (1), [Ni8Gd2(?3-OH)2(L)8(LH)2(H2O)4(MeOH)2](NO3)2·12H2O (2), [Ni8Ho2(?3-OH)2(L)8(LH)2(H2O)4(MeOH)2](ClO4)2·2MeOH·12H2O (3) and [Ni8Tb2 (?3-OH)2(L)8(LH)2(MeOH)4(OMe)2]·2CH2Cl2·8H2O (4). While compounds 1-3 are dicationic, compound 4 is neutral. These compounds possess an S-shaped architecture and comprise a long chain of metal ions bound to each other. In all the complexes, the eight Ni(II) and two Ln(III) ions of the multimetallic ensemble are hold together by two ?3-OH, eight dianionic (L(2-)) and two monoanionic oxime ligands (LH(-)) whereas compound 4 has two ?3-OH, eight dianionic (L(2-)), two monoanionic oxime ligands (LH(-)) and two terminal methoxy (MeO(-)) ligands. The central portion of the S-shaped molecular wire is made up of an octanuclear Ni(II) ensemble which has at its two ends the Ln(III) caps. Magnetic studies on 1-4 reveal that the magnetic interactions between neighboring metal ions are negligible at room temperature. On the other hand, at lower temperatures in all the compounds anti-ferromagnetic interactions seem to be dominated. Analysis of the magnetic data for the Gd(III) derivative indicates Ni(II)-Ni(II) anti-ferromagnetic interactions and Gd(III)-Ni(II) ferromagnetic interactions at low temperatures. A theoretical density functional study on the magnetic behavior of the Gd(III) derivative suggests that while the weak ferromagnetic interaction between Gd(III) and Ni(II) is in line with the expectation of the magnetic interactions between orthogonal d and f orbitals, antiferromagnetic Ni(II)-Ni(II) interactions are related to the wide Ni-O-Ni angles (?102°) and quasi-planar conformation of the Ni2O2 core. PMID:24876072

  16. Magnetic and dielectric study of R{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}MnO{sub 3} (R = Gd, Tb and Dy)

    SciTech Connect

    Yoshii, Kenji; Hiramitsu, Yusuke; Okajima, Yuka; Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Nishihata, Yasuo; Mizuki, Jun'ichiro; Nakamura, Akio; Shimojo, Yutaka; Ishii, Yoshinobu; Morii, Yukio; Ikeda, Naoshi

    2010-11-15

    Magnetic and dielectric properties of perovskite manganites R{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}MnO{sub 3} (R = Gd, Tb and Dy) have been investigated. DC and AC magnetic measurements showed short-range glassy magnetic ordering at T{sub g} {approx} 40 K. Such ordering was observed by neutron diffraction and is ascribable to the size mismatch of R{sup 3+} and Sr{sup 3+} settled randomly at the same crystallographic site. Dielectric constants for each material were {approx}1000-10,000 between {approx}50 and {approx}300 K and showed broad maximums above T{sub g}. Dielectric dispersion showed poor coherency of the motion of polar regions, plausibly because of the size-mismatch effect; both the magnetic and dielectric properties of this system are governed by the randomness at the R/Sr site. The tan {delta} and EXAFS data suggest that the dielectric response is rooted in a transfer of the Mn-3d electrons.

  17. Pentanuclear heterometallic {Ni2Ln3} (Ln = Gd, Dy, Tb, Ho) assemblies. Single-molecule magnet behavior and multistep relaxation in the dysprosium derivative.

    PubMed

    Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli; Bag, Prasenjit; Kroener, Wolfgang; Gieb, Klaus; Müller, Paul

    2013-11-18

    The reaction between Ln(III) chloride and NiCl2·4H2O salts in presence of a multidentate sterically unencumbered ligand, (E)-2,2'-(2-hydroxy-3-((2-hydroxyphenylimino)methyl)-5-methylbenzylazanediyl)diethanol (LH4) leads to the synthesis of four isostructural pentanuclear hetereometallic complexes [Ni2Dy3(LH)4]Cl (1), [Ni2Gd3(LH)4]Cl (2), [Ni2Tb3(LH)3(LH2)]Cl2 (3), [Ni2 Ho3 (LH)3 (LH2)]Cl2 (4) with unprecedented topology. Here the two compounds 1 are 2 are monocationic and crystallize in chiral space group, P2(1)2(1)2(1) whereas compounds 3 and 4 are dicationic and crystallize in achiral space group P2(1)/n. The total metal framework, {Ni2Ln3} unit is held by four triply deprotonated ligands [LH](3-) in 1 and 2 whereas in case of 3 and 4 three triply deprotonated [LH](3-) and one doubly deprotonated [LH2](2-) ligands are involved. In these complexes both the lanthanide ions and the nickel(II) ions are doubly bridged and the bridging is composed of oxygen atoms derived from either phenolate or ethoxide groups. The analysis of SQUID measurements reveal a high magnetic ground state and a slow relaxation of the magnetization with two relaxation regimes for 1. For the thermally activated regime we found an effective energy barrier of U(eff) = 85 K. Micro Hall probe loop measurements directly proof the single-molecule magnet (SMM) nature of 1 with a blocking temperature of T(B) = 3 K and an open hysteresis for sweep rates faster than 50 mT/s. PMID:24236759

  18. Preparation and spectroscopic properties of rare-earth (RE) (RE = Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Tm)-activated K{sub 2}LnZr(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} (Ln = Y, La, Gd and Lu) phosphate in vacuum ultraviolet region

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Zhi-Jun; Lin, Xiao; Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, 100039 ; Zhao, Jing-Tai; Zhang, Guo-Bin

    2013-02-15

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ? We report the VUV spectroscopic properties of rare-earth ions in K{sub 2}LnZr(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}. ? The O{sup 2?}-Eu{sup 3+} charge transfer bands at about 220 nm have been observed. ? The 4f–5d spin-allowed and spin-forbidden transitions of Tb{sup 3+} have been observed. ? There is energy transfer between the host and rare-earth activators. -- Abstract: Rare earth (RE = Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy and Tm)-activated K{sub 2}LnZr(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} (Ln = Y, La, Gd and Lu) have been synthesized by solid-state reaction method, and their vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) excitation luminescent characteristics have been investigated. The band in the wavelength range of 130–157 nm and the other one range from 155 to 216 nm with the maximum at about 187 nm in the VUV excitation spectra of these compounds are attributed to the host lattice absorption and O–Zr charge transfer transition, respectively. The charge transfer bands (CTB) of O{sup 2?}-Sm{sup 3+}, O{sup 2?}-Dy{sup 3+} and O{sup 2?}-Tm{sup 3+}, in Sm{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+} and Tm{sup 3+}-activated samples, have not been obviously observed probably because the 2p electrons of oxygen are tightly bound to the zirconium ion in the host lattice. For Eu{sup 3+}-activated samples, the relatively weak O{sup 2?}-Eu{sup 3+} CTB at about 220 nm is observed. And for Tb{sup 3+}-activated samples, the bands at 223 and 258 nm are related to the 4f-5d spin-allowed and spin-forbidden transitions of Tb{sup 3+}, respectively. It is observed that there is energy transfer between the host lattice and the luminescent activators (e.g. Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}). From the standpoint of luminescent efficiency, color purity and chemical stability, K{sub 2}GdZr(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Sm{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} are attractive candidates for novel yellow, red, green-emitting PDP phosphors.

  19. Decay studies of neutron deficient nuclei near the Z=64 subshell: 142Dy, 140,142Tb, 140,142Gd, 140,142Eu, 142Sm, and 142Pm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Firestone, R. B.; Gilat, J.; Nitschke, J. M.; Wilmarth, P. A.; Vierinen, K. S.

    1991-03-01

    The electron-capture and ?+-decay branchings (EC/?+) and delayed proton decays of A=142 isotopes with 61<=Z<=66 and A=140 isotopes with 63<=Z<=65 were investigated with the OASIS facility on-line at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory SuperHILAC. Electron capture and positron-decay emission probabilities have been determined for 142Pm and 142Sm decays, and extensive decay schemes have been constructed for 142Eug(2.34+/-0.12 s), 142Gd(70.2+/-0.6 s), 140Eu(1.51+/-0.02 s), and 140Gd(15.8+/-0.4 s). Decay schemes for the new isotopes 142Tbg(597+/-17 ms), 142Tbm(303+/-17 ms), 142Dy(2.3+/-0.3 s), 140Eum(125+/-2 ms), and 140Tb(2.4+/-0.2 s) are also presented. We have assigned ? rays to these isotopes on the basis of ?? and x? coincidences, and from half-life determinations. Electron-capture and ?+-decay branchings were measured for each decay, and ?-delayed proton branchings were determined for 142Dy, 142Tb, and 140Tb decays. QEC values, derived from the measured EC/?+ branchings and the level schemes are compared with those from the Wapstra and Audi mass evaluation and the Liran and Zeldes mass calculation. The systematics of the N=77 isomer decays are discussed, and the intense 0+-->1+ and 1+-->0+ ground-state beta decays are compared with shell-model predictions for simple spin-flip transitions.

  20. Magnetomechanical damping in cryogenic TbDy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dooley, J.; Good, N.; White, C.; Leland, S.; Fultz, B.

    2002-01-01

    Vibration damping in polycrystalline TbDy alloys was studied at cryogenic temperatures. The material was prepared by cold-rolling to induce crystallographic texture, and was then heat-treated to relieve internal stress. Mechanical hysteretic losses were measured at various strains, frequencies, and loading configurations at 77 K. Some textured TbDy materials demonstrated 22.6% energy dissipation in mechanical measurements at low frequency (0.01 Hz) and a mean logarithmic decrement of 0.23 at a higher frequency (25 kHz). Ultrasonic velocities of longitudinal and shear elastic waves were measured on single and polycrystalline TbDy; little variation in ultrasonic velocities was found evenfor samples with large variation in crystallographic texture and magnetomechanical properties.

  1. Mo2NiB2-type {Gd, Tb, Dy)2Ni2.35Si0.65 and La2Ni3-type {Dy, Ho}2Ni2.5Si0.5 compounds: Crystal structure and magnetic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morozkin, A. V.; Isnard, O.; Nirmala, R.; Malik, S. K.

    2015-05-01

    The crystal structure of new Mo2NiB2-type {Gd, Tb, Dy}2Ni2.35Si0.65 (Immm, No. 71, oI10) and La2Ni3-type {Dy, Ho}2Ni2.5Si0.5 (Cmce No. 64, oC20) compounds has been established using powder X-ray diffraction studies. Magnetization measurements show that the Mo2NiB2-type Gd2Ni2.35Si0.65 undergoes a ferromagnetic transition at 66 K, whereas isostructural Tb2Ni2.35Si0.65 shows an antiferromagnetic transition at 52 K and a field-induced metamagnetic transition at low temperatures. Neutron diffraction study shows that, in zero applied field, Tb2Ni2.35Si0.65 exhibits c-axis antiferromagnetic order with propagation vector K=[1/2, 0, 1/2] below its magnetic ordering temperature and Tb magnetic moment reaches a value of 8.32(5) ?B at 2 K. The La2Ni3-type Dy2Ni2.5Si0.5 exhibits ferromagnetic like transition at 42 K with coexisting antiferromagnetic interactions and field induced metamagnetic transition below 17 K. The magnetocaloric effect of Gd2Ni2.35Si0.65, Tb2Ni2.35Si0.65 and Dy2Ni2.5Si0.5 is calculated in terms of isothermal magnetic entropy change and it reaches a maximum value of -14.3 J/kg K, -5.3 J/kg K and -10.3 J/kg K for a field change of 50 kOe near 66 K, 52 K and 42 K, respectively. Low temperature magnetic ordering with enhanced anisotropic effects in Tb2Ni2.35Si0.65 and Dy2Ni2.35Si0.65 is accompanied by a positive magnetocaloric effect with isothermal magnetic entropy changes of +12.8 J/kg K and +9.9 J/kg K, respectively at 7 K for a field change of 50 kOe. The variation of alloy's composition by 3 at% i.e. from Dy2Ni2.35Si0.65 to Dy2Ni2.5Si0.5 leads to significant transformation of crystal structure of compound with different variant of distortion of Po-type rare earth sublattice, as in Gd-Co-Ga and Er-Ni-In systems: the Mo2NiB2-type Gd2Co2Ga and La2Ni3-type Gd2Co2.9Ga0.1, and Mo2FeB2-type Er2Ni1.78In and Mn2AlB2-type Er2Ni2In. Magnetization measurements indicate collinear ferromagnetic ordering of Mo2NiB2-type Gd2Ni2.35Si0.65 and a complex antiferromagnetic ordering with low-temperature metamagnetic nature for Mo2NiB2-type Tb2Ni2.35Si0.65 compounds. However, neutron diffraction study in zero applied field of Tb2Ni2.35Si0.65 reveals c-axis pure antiferromagnetic ordering of terbium sublattice with K=[1/2, 0, 1/2] propagation vector. Magnetization measurements indicate ferromagnetic order with coexisting antiferromagnetic interactions and low-temperature metamagnetic state for La2Ni3-type Dy2Ni2.5Si0.5. We suggest possible polymorphism in other Mo2FeB2-type, Mo2NiB2-type, La2Ni3-type and Mn2AlB2-type rare earth compounds with corresponding change in their magnetic properties.

  2. Amending the anisotropy barrier and luminescence behavior of heterometallic trinuclear linear [M(II) -Ln(III) -M(II) ] (Ln(III) =Gd, Tb, Dy; M(II) =Mg/Zn) complexes by change from divalent paramagnetic to diamagnetic metal ions.

    PubMed

    Das, Sourav; Bejoymohandas, K S; Dey, Atanu; Biswas, Sourav; Reddy, M L P; Morales, Roser; Ruiz, Eliseo; Titos-Padilla, Silvia; Colacio, Enrique; Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli

    2015-04-20

    The sequential reaction of a multisite coordinating compartmental ligand [2-(2-hydroxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)-5-methylbenzylideneamino)-2-methylpropane-1,3-diol] (LH4 ) with appropriate lanthanide salts followed by the addition of [Mg(NO3 )2 ]?6?H2 O or [Zn(NO3 )2 ]?6?H2 O in a 4:1:2 stoichiometric ratio in the presence of triethylamine affords a series of isostructural heterometallic trinuclear complexes containing [Mg2 Ln](3+) (Ln=Dy, Gd, and Tb) and [Zn2 Ln](3+) (Ln=Dy, Gd, and Tb) cores. The formation of these complexes is demonstrated by X-ray crystallography as well as ESI-MS spectra. All complexes are isostructural possessing a linear trimetallic core with a central lanthanide ion. The comprehensive studies discussed involve the synthesis, structure, magnetism, and photophysical properties on this family of trinuclear [Mg2 Ln](3+) and [Zn2 Ln](3+) heterometallic complexes. [Mg2 Dy](3+) and [Zn2 Dy](3+) show slow relaxation of the magnetization below 12 K under zero applied direct current (dc) field, but without reaching a neat maximum, which is due to the overlapping with a faster quantum tunneling relaxation mediated through dipole-dipole and hyperfine interactions. Under a small applied dc field of 1000 Oe, the quantum tunneling is almost suppressed and temperature and frequency dependent peaks are observed, thus confirming the single-molecule magnet behavior of complexes [Mg2 Dy](3+) and [Zn2 Dy](3+) . PMID:25772122

  3. Syntheses, structure and rare earth metal photoluminescence of new and known isostructural A{sub 2}Mo{sub 4}Sb{sub 2}O{sub 18} (A=Ce, Pr, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu) compounds

    SciTech Connect

    Mohitkar, Shrikant A.; Kalpana, G.; Vidyasagar, K.

    2011-04-15

    Nine new A{sub 2}Mo{sub 4}Sb{sub 2}O{sub 18} (A=Ce, Pr, Eu, Tb, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu) compounds have been synthesized by solid-state reactions. They are isostructural with six reported analogues of yttrium and other lanthanides and the monoclinic unit cell parameters of all fifteen of them vary linearly with the size of A{sup 3+} ion. Single crystal X-ray structures of eight A{sub 2}Mo{sub 4}Sb{sub 2}O{sub 18} (A=Ce, Pr, Eu, Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, Tm) compounds have been determined. Neat A{sub 2}Mo{sub 4}Sb{sub 2}O{sub 18} (A=Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm) compounds exhibit characteristic rare earth metal photoluminescence. -- Graphical abstract: Among the fifteen isostructural A{sub 2}Mo{sub 4}Sb{sub 2}O{sub 18} (A=rare earth metal) molybdoantimonites, eight (A=Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm) compounds exhibit neat characteristic lanthanide photoluminescence in the 200-800 nm range at room temperature. Display Omitted Research highlights: {yields} Syntheses of nine new A{sub 2}Mo{sub 4}Sb{sub 2}O{sub 18} (A=Ce, Pr, Eu, Tb, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu) compounds. {yields} X-ray structures of eight A{sub 2}Mo{sub 4}Sb{sub 2}O{sub 18} (A=Ce, Pr, Eu, Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, Tm) compounds. {yields} Photoluminescence of neat A{sub 2}Mo{sub 4}Sb{sub 2}O{sub 18} (A=Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm) compounds.

  4. Magnetic properties of the charge density wave compounds RTe3, R=Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er & Tm

    SciTech Connect

    Ru, N.; Chu, J.-H.; Fisher, I.R.; /Stanford U., Geballe Lab.

    2009-12-14

    The antiferromagnetic transition is investigated in the rare-earth (R) tritelluride RTe{sub 3} family of charge density wave (CDW) compounds via specific heat, magnetization and resistivity measurements. Observation of the opening of a superzone gap in the resistivity of DyTe{sub 3} indicates that additional nesting of the reconstructed Fermi surface in the CDW state plays an important role in determining the magnetic structure.

  5. Systematic Study of a Family of Butterfly-Like {M2Ln2} Molecular Magnets (M = Mg(II), Mn(III), Co(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II); Ln = Y(III), Gd(III), Tb(III), Dy(III), Ho(III), and Er(III)).

    PubMed

    Moreno Pineda, Eufemio; Chilton, Nicholas F; Tuna, Floriana; Winpenny, Richard E P; McInnes, Eric J L

    2015-06-15

    A family of 3d-4f [M(II)2Ln(III)2(?3-OH)2(O2C(t)Bu)10](2-) "butterflies" (where M(II) = Mg, Co, Ni, and Cu; Ln(III) = Y, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er) and [Mn(III)2Ln(III)2(?3-O)2(O2C(t)Bu)10](2-) molecules (where Ln(III) = Y, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er) has been synthesized and characterized through single-crystal X-ray diffraction, SQUID magnetometry, and ab initio calculations. All dysprosium- and some erbium-containing tetramers showed frequency-dependent maxima in the out-of-phase component of the susceptibility associated with slow relaxation of magnetization, and hence, they are single-molecule magnets (SMMs). AC susceptibility measurements have shown that the SMM behavior is entirely intrinsic to the Dy and Er sites and the magnitude of the energy barrier is influenced by the interactions between the 4f and the 3d metal. A trend is observed between the strength of the 3d-4f exchange interaction between and the maximum observed in the ??M(T). PMID:26016421

  6. ARPES study of the evolution of band structure and charge density wave properties in RTe3 ( R=Y , La, Ce, Sm, Gd, Tb, and Dy)

    SciTech Connect

    Hussain, Zahid; Brouet, Veronique; Yang, Wanli; Zhou, Xingjiang; Hussain, Zahid; Moore, R.G.; He, R.; Lu, D. H.; Shen, Z.X.; Laverock, J.; Dugdale, S.B.; Ru, N.; Fisher, R.

    2008-01-16

    We present a detailed angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) investigation of the RTe3 family, which sets this system as an ideal"textbook" example for the formation of a nesting driven charge density wave (CDW). This family indeed exhibits the full range of phenomena that can be associated to CDWinstabilities, from the opening of large gaps on the best nested parts of Fermi surface (up to 0.4 eV), to the existence of residual metallic pockets. ARPES is the best suited technique to characterize these features, thanks to its unique ability to resolve the electronic structure in k space. An additional advantage of RTe3 is that theband structure can be very accurately described by a simple two dimensional tight-binding (TB) model, which allows one to understand and easily reproduce many characteristics of the CDW. In this paper, we first establish the main features of the electronic structure by comparing our ARPES measurements with the linear muffin-tinorbital band calculations. We use this to define the validity and limits of the TB model. We then present a complete description of the CDW properties and of their strong evolution as a function of R. Using simple models, we are able to reproduce perfectly the evolution of gaps in k space, the evolution of the CDW wave vector with R, and the shape of the residual metallic pockets. Finally, we give an estimation of the CDWinteraction parameters and find that the change in the electronic density of states n (EF), due to lattice expansion when different R ions are inserted, has the correct order of magnitude to explain the evolution of the CDW properties.

  7. Angle-resolved photoemission study of the evolution of band structure and charge density wave properties in RTe3 (R= Y, La, Ce, Sm, Gd, Tb and Dy)

    SciTech Connect

    Brouet, V.; Yang, W.L.; Zhou, X.J.; Hussain, Z.; Moore, R.G.; He, R.; Lu, D.H.; Shen, Z.X.; Laverock, J.; Dugdale, S.; Ru, N.; Fisher, I.R.

    2010-02-15

    We present a detailed ARPES investigation of the RTe{sub 3} family, which sets this system as an ideal 'textbook' example for the formation of a nesting driven Charge Density Wave (CDW). This family indeed exhibits the full range of phenomena that can be associated to CDW instabilities, from the opening of large gaps on the best nested parts of Fermi Surface (FS) (up to 0.4eV), to the existence of residual metallic pockets. ARPES is the best suited technique to characterize these features, thanks to its unique ability to resolve the electronic structure in k-space. An additional advantage of RTe{sub 3} is that the band structure can be very accurately described by a simple 2D tight-binding (TB) model, which allows one to understand and easily reproduce many characteristics of the CDW. In this paper, we first establish the main features of the electronic structure, by comparing our ARPES measurements with Linear Muffin-Tin Orbital band calculations. We use this to define the validity and limits of the TB model. We then present a complete description of the CDW properties and, for the first time, of their strong evolution as a function of R. Using simple models, we are able to reproduce perfectly the evolution of gaps in k-space, the evolution of the CDW wave vector with R and the shape of the residual metallic pockets. Finally, we give an estimation of the CDW interaction parameters and find that the change in the electronic density of states n(Ef), due to lattice expansion when different R ions are inserted, has the correct order of magnitude to explain the evolution of the CDW properties.

  8. Spectroscopic characteristics of GdVO4: Dy3+ crystal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ning, Kaijie; He, Xiaoming; Zhang, Lianhan; Liu, Youchen; Yin, Jigang; Zhang, Peixing; Chen, Guangzhu; Wang, Xiangyong; Chen, Zhe; Shi, Chunjun; Hong, Jiaqi; Hang, Yin

    2014-11-01

    Room temperature optical absorption, emission spectrum of GdVO4: Dy3+ crystal grown by Czochralski (CZ) method were measured and analyzed. Spectral parameters were calculated in the framework of the Judd-Ofelt theory. The GdVO4: Dy3+ crystal showed two intense and relatively broad absorption bands in UV wavelength range centered at 390 and 453 nm and two prominent emission peaks located at blue 485 and yellow 575 nm. The corresponding absorption and emission cross sections were estimated and the luminescence decay curve was analyzed. Optical spectroscopy investigations indicate that GdVO4: Dy3+ crystal would be a promising blue and yellow solid state laser material.

  9. Luminescence and magnetic properties of novel nanoparticle-sheathed 3D Micro-Architectures of Fe0.5R0.5(MoO4)1.5:Ln3+ (R = Gd3+, La3+), (Ln = Eu, Tb, Dy) for bifunctional application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krishnan, Rajagopalan; Thirumalai, Jagannathan; Kathiravan, Arunkumar

    2015-01-01

    For the first time, we report the successful synthesis of novel nanoparticle-sheathed bipyramid-like and almond-like Fe0.5R0.5(MoO4)1.5:Ln3+ (R = Gd3+, La3+), (Ln = Eu, Tb, Dy) 3D hierarchical microstructures through a simple disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (Na2EDTA) facilitated hydrothermal method. Interestingly, time-dependent experiments confirm that the assembly-disassembly process is responsible for the formation of self-aggregated 3D architectures via Ostwald ripening phenomena. The resultant products are characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), photoluminescence (PL), and magnetic measurements. The growth and formation mechanisms of the self-assembled 3D micro structures are discussed in detail. To confirm the presence of all the elements in the microstructure, the energy loss induced by the K, L shell electron ionization is observed in order to map the Fe, Gd, Mo, O, and Eu components. The photo luminescence properties of Fe0.5R0.5(MoO4)1.5 doped with Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+ are investigated. The room temperature and low temperature magnetic properties suggest that the interaction between the local-fields introduced by the magnetic Fe3+ ions and the R3+ (La, Gd) ions in the dodecahedral sites determine the magnetism in Fe0.5R0.5(MoO4)1.5:Eu3+. This work provides a new approach to synthesizing the novel Fe0.5R0.5(MoO4)1.5:Ln3+ for bi-functional magnetic and luminescence applications.

  10. Superconducting and nonsuperconducting Ca-free single crystals of Pb[sub 2]Sr[sub 2]RCu[sub 3]O[sub 8] (R = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Y): Effect of cation vacancies and the metal/insulator transition

    SciTech Connect

    Xue, J.S.; Reedyk, M.; Greedan, J.E.; Timusk, T. )

    1993-02-01

    Ca-free single crystal and polycrystalline samples of Pb[sub 2]Sr[sub 2]RCu[sub 3]O[sub 8] have been prepared by a PbO/NaCl flux growth method and a fast solid state reaction, respectively. The electronic character of the single crystals of this series can be roughly categorized into three groups: insulating (no carrier doping in the CuO[sub 2] planes) for R = La, Ce, Pr, and Nd, semiconducting for R = Sm, Eu, Gd, and Tb, and poorly metallic for R = Dy, Ho, and Y. Crystals with R = Eu to Ho are found to be superconducting with the exception of Tb. The metallic character in these crystals is likely promoted by a cation vacancy at the rare-earth sites which has been established by crystal structural and chemical analyses. The anomalous behavior of the Tb crystals may originate from a lower dopant level as inferred from the structure determination or possibly from the presence of Tb[sup 4+]. The fact that metallic behavior is observed in nonstoichiometric polycrystalline samples and not in stoichiometric ones seems consistent with the cation vacancy carrier doping mechanism. 22 refs., 7 figs., 4 tabs.

  11. Anomalies in rare earth distributions in seawater: Gd and Tb

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De Baar, Hein J. W.; Brewer, Peter G.; Bacon, Michael P.

    1985-09-01

    We have measured profiles of the rare earth elements (REE) in Atlantic and Pacific Ocean waters. The data, normalized versus shales, exhibit a pronounced anomaly in Gd relative to its neighbors Eu and Tb in the REE series such that the Gd concentrations are high by 30-50%. Closer inspection reveals that the anomaly is made up of both elevated Gd and depressed Tb concentrations, likely associated with solution chemistry shifts in the transition from an exactly half filled 4f electron shell. Anomalies in Gd and Tb solution complexation are also indicated by the Turner-Whitfield-Dickson speciation model. The overall trend of heavy REE(III) enrichment in seawater and the Gd/Tb anomaly described here tend to support scavenging as an important removal mechanism for the REE from seawater.

  12. Magnetoelastic vibration damping properties of TbDy alloys

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dooley, J. A.; Good, N. R.; White, C. V.; Leland, R. S.

    2002-01-01

    Damping of axial and bending mode vibrations in giant magnetoelastic polycrystalline TbDy alloys was studied at cryogenic temperatures. All specimens of TbDy were arc-melted in the proper composition ratio and dropped into a chilled copper mold. Additional treatments consisted of cold plane-rolling to induce crystallographic texture and then heat-treating to relieve internal stress. Mechanical hysteretic losses were measured at various strains, frequencies, and loading configurations down to 77 K. Both as-cast and textured polycrystalline TbDy samples were tested along with an aluminum specimen for comparison. Loss factors at multiple natural vibration frequencies of the samples were measured for axial modes. Larger damping rates were measured for axial mode vibrations than for bending mode vibrations, possibly reflecting the larger specimen volume contributing to magnetoelastic damping. At LN2 temperatures TbDy materials demonstrated q > 0.05 at 0.01 Hz and q > 0.1 at higher frequencies from 0.6-1.5 kHz.

  13. Synthesis, structure and properties of the oxychalcogenide series A{sub 4}O{sub 4}TiSe{sub 4} (A=Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Y)

    SciTech Connect

    Tuxworth, A.J.; Evans, J.S.O.

    2014-02-15

    Seven oxyselenide materials have been synthesised with composition A{sub 4}O{sub 4}TiSe{sub 4} (A=Sm, Gd–Er, Y) via solid state reactions of A{sub 2}O{sub 3}, TiSe{sub 2} and Se at 900 °C. They are all isostructural with Gd{sub 4}O{sub 4}TiSe{sub 4}. Structures have been refined from powder X-ray diffraction data and have monoclinic C2/m symmetry with unit cell parameters of a?15.7 Å, b?3.75 Å, c?9.65 Å and ??117.5°. They contain infinite ribbons of edge-sharing A{sub 4}O and A{sub 3}TiO tetrahedra 4 units wide, which are linked by chains of TiSe{sub 4}O{sub 2} edge-sharing octahedra. Compositions A=Gd–Ho, Y are semiconductors with conductivities 1–3 Sm{sup ?1} at 300 K, with electronic band gaps of between 0.25 and 0.37 eV. Magnetic susceptibility is reported from 1.8 K to 300 K for compositions A=Gd–Ho. Rare earth moments appear to order antiferromagnetically at low temperatures with Gd and Tb showing evidence of ferromagnetism due to spin canting over a narrow temperature range close to T{sub N}. - Graphical abstract: Illustration of the A{sub 4}O{sub 4}TiSe{sub 4} crystal structure (C2/m symmetry), A{sub 4}O and A{sub 3}TiO edge sharing tetrahedral ribbons in red, chains of edge-sharing TiSe{sub 4}O{sub 2} in blue. Rare earth=green, titanium=blue, selenium=yellow, and oxygen=red. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Seven materials with A{sub 4}O{sub 4}TiSe{sub 4} (A=Sm, Gd–Er, Y) have been synthesised as bulk phases for the first time. • Materials are semiconductors and order antiferromagnetically at ?4 K. • Structure contains M{sub 4}O tetrahedral ribbons and TiSe{sub 4}O{sub 2} 1D octahedral chains.

  14. Lattice dynamics of rare-earth titanates with the structure of pyrochlore R 2Ti2O7 ( R = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu): Ab initio calculation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chernyshev, V. A.; Petrov, V. P.; Nikiforov, A. E.

    2015-05-01

    The ab initio calculation has been performed for the crystal structure and the phonon spectrum of titanates with the structure of pyrochlore R 2Ti2O7 ( R = Gd-Lu). The frequencies and types of fundamental vibrations have been found. For R = Tb, Tm, and Yb, this calculation has been carried out for the first time; furthermore, there is no available information on experimental studies of the phonon spectrum for Tm and Yb. The influence of hydrostatic pressure to 35 GPa on the structure, dynamics, and elastic properties of the Gd2Ti2O7 lattice has been investigated. The dependence of the phonon frequencies on the pressure has been obtained. The calculations have predicted that the relative change in the pyrochlore structure volume during compression at pressures to 35 GPa is well described by the third-order Birch-Murnaghan equation of states. The results of the calculations agree with the available experimental data. It has been shown that the structural, dynamic, and elastic properties of the R 2Ti2O7 crystal lattice can be adequately described in the case where the inner shells of the RE ion up to 4 f are replaced by the pseudopotential.

  15. Exchange coupling in TbCu and DyCu single-molecule magnets and related lanthanide and vanadium analogs.

    PubMed

    Ishida, Takayuki; Watanabe, Ryo; Fujiwara, Kei; Okazawa, Atsushi; Kojima, Norimichi; Tanaka, Go; Yoshii, Shunsuke; Nojiri, Hiroyuki

    2012-11-28

    Heterometallic coordination compounds [Cu(II)(L)(C(3)H(6)O)Ln(III)(NO(3))(3)] and [V(IV)O(L)(C(3)H(6)O)Ln(III)(NO(3))(3)] (abbreviated as LnCu and LnV, respectively; H(2)L = N,N'-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,3-diamino-2,2-dimethylpropane; Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er) were synthesized, and the X-ray crystallographic analysis shows that their structures are isomorphous for each series. The single-molecule magnet behavior was observed for TbCu and DyCu, and the activation energies of magnetization reversal were 42.3(4) and 11.5(10) K, respectively. The magnetic exchange couplings in LnCu and LnV were precisely evaluated by means of combined high-frequency EPR and pulsed-field magnetization studies, to give J(Tb-Cu)/k(B)? 3.3 K, J(Dy-Cu)/k(B) = 1.63(1) K, J(Ho-Cu)/k(B) = 1.09(2) K, and J(Er-Cu)/k(B) = 0.24(1) K. A monotonic decrease of ferromagnetic J(Ln-Cu) was found in the order of the atomic number, (64)Gd to (68)Er. The corresponding exchange parameters in LnV are smaller than those of the Cu derivatives, and J(Gd-V) was antiferromagnetic (-3.0 K determined from the magnetization jump). A possible mechanism for the exchange coupling and chemical trend is discussed. PMID:22918417

  16. Magnetic order of Y3NiSi3-type R3NiSi3 (R=Gd-DY) compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morozkin, A. V.; Yapaskurt, V. O.; Nirmala, R.; Malik, S. K.; Quezado, S.; Yao, Jinlei; Mozharivskyj, Y.; Nigam, A. K.; Isnard, O.

    2016-01-01

    Magnetic measurements and neutron powder diffraction investigations on the Y3NiSi3-type R3NiSi3 compounds (R=Gd, Tb, Dy) reveal their complex antiferromagnetic ordering. Magnetic measurements on Gd3NiSi3, Tb3NiSi3 and Dy3NiSi3 indicate antiferromagnetic-like transition at temperatures 260 K, 202 K and 140 K, respectively. Also, the Tb3NiSi3 and Dy3NiSi3 compounds show spin-reorientation transition at 132 K and 99 K, respectively. Below the spin-reorientation transition, the isothermal magnetization curves indicate the metamagnetic-like behavior of Tb3NiSi3 and Dy3NiSi3. The magnetocaloric effect of Dy3NiSi3 is calculated in terms of isothermal magnetic entropy change and it reaches a maximum value of -1.2 J/kg K and -1.1 J/kg K for a field change of 50 kOe near 146 K and 92 K, respectively. The neutron diffraction studies of Tb3NiSi3 suggest the magnetic ordering of the Tb2 4j sublattice and no magnetic ordering of the Tb1 2a sublattice. Tb3NiSi3 transforms from the high temperature paramagnetic state to the commensurate high-temperature a- and c-axis antiferromagnet of I?2/m magnetic space group below 250 K. Below 150 K, the high-temperature antiferromagnet transforms into the low-temperature a-, b- and c-axis antiferromagnet of I?i magnetic space group. At 1.5 K, the terbium magnetic moment in Tb2 sublattice and its a-, b- and c-axis components reach the values of MTb2=8.2(1) ?B, MaTb2=5.9(1) ?B, MbTb2=4.3(2) ?B and McTb2=3.7(2) ?B, respectively.

  17. Extreme ultraviolet emission spectra of Gd and Tb ions

    SciTech Connect

    Kilbane, D.; O'Sullivan, G.

    2010-11-15

    Theoretical extreme ultraviolet emission spectra of gadolinium and terbium ions calculated with the Cowan suite of codes and the flexible atomic code (FAC) relativistic code are presented. 4d-4f and 4p-4d transitions give rise to unresolved transition arrays in a range of ions. The effects of configuration interaction are investigated for transitions between singly excited configurations. Optimization of emission at 6.775 nm and 6.515 nm is achieved for Gd and Tb ions, respectively, by consideration of plasma effects. The resulting synthetic spectra are compared with experimental spectra recorded using the laser produced plasma technique.

  18. Photoluminescence properties of Li2SrGeO4:RE3+ (RE = Ce/Tb/Dy) phosphors and enhanced luminescence through energy transfer between Ce3+ and Tb3+/Dy3+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Shuai; Li, Guogang

    2014-07-01

    Li2SrGeO4:RE3+ (RE = Tb/Dy/Ce) phosphors were prepared by the conventional solid-state reaction. X-ray diffraction (XRD), photoluminescence (PL) spectra, and lifetimes were utilized to characterize samples. Under the excitation of ultraviolet (231 nm for Tb3+ and 351 nm for Dy3+), the Li2SrGeO4:Tb3+ and Li2SrGeO4:Dy3+ phosphors show their respective characteristic emissions of Tb3+ (5D3,4 ? 7FJ?, J? = 3, 4, 5, 6) and Dy3+ (4F9/2 ? 6H15/2 and 4F9/2 ? 6H13/2), respectively. Ce3+ activated Li2SrGeO4 phosphors exhibit broad band blue emission due to the 5d-4f transition of Ce3+. Co-doping Ce3+ into the LSG: Ce3+/Dy3+ samples enhances the luminescence intensity of Tb3+ and Dy3+ significantly under the excitation wavelength at 340 nm through energy transfer from Ce3+ to Tb3+/Dy3+. In addition, the energy transfer mechanism between Ce3+ and Tb3+/Dy3+ has been demonstrated to be a resonant type via a dipole-quadrupole interaction.

  19. Measurements of $^{152}$Gd(p,$?$)$^{153}$Tb and $^{152}$Gd(p,n)$^{152}$Tb reaction cross sections for the astrophysical $?$ process

    E-print Network

    R. T. Güray; N. Özkan; C. Yalç?n; T. Rauscher; Gy. Gyürky; J. Farkas; Zs. Fülöp; Z. Halász; E. Somorjai

    2015-06-30

    The total cross sections for the $^{152}$Gd(p,$\\gamma$)$^{153}$Tb and $^{152}$Gd(p,n)$^{152}$Tb reactions have been measured by the activation method at effective center-of-mass energies \\mbox{$3.47 \\leq E_\\mathrm{c.m.}^\\mathrm{eff}\\leq 7.94$ MeV} and \\mbox{$4.96 \\leq E_\\mathrm{c.m.}^\\mathrm{eff} \\leq 7.94$ MeV}, respectively. The targets were prepared by evaporation of 30.6\\% isotopically enriched $^{152}$Gd oxide on aluminum backing foils, and bombarded with proton beams provided by a cyclotron accelerator. The cross sections were deduced from the observed $\\gamma$-ray activity, which was detected off-line by a HPGe detector in a low background environment. The results are presented and compared with predictions of statistical model calculations. This comparison supports a modified optical proton+$^{152}$Gd potential suggested earlier.

  20. Magnetic Properties of RB66 (R = Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, and Lu)

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Hyunsoo; Budko, Serguei; ATanatar, Makariy; Avdashchenko, D.V.; Matovnikov, A.V.; Mitroshenkov, N.V.; Novikov, V.V.; Prozorov, Ruslan

    2012-05-17

    We report magnetic susceptibility measurements of RB66 (R = Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, and Lu) boron-rich rare earth containing borides down to 50 mK. The data suggest a spin glass low temperature state for RB66 (R = Gd, Tb, Ho, and Er) with the freezing temperatures below 1 K. The magnetic properties appear to be influenced by the anisotropy of the magnetic moments, probably via the crystalline electric field effects.

  1. [Spectra of Ce3+, Tb3+ and Gd3+ Ions in Ln(BO3,PO4) [Ln = La, Y

    PubMed

    Ding, S; Zhang, W; Xu, B; Wang, J

    2001-06-01

    Emission and excitation spectra of Ce3+, Tb3+ and Gd3+ in lanthanum borophosphate and yttrium borophosphate are studied. The results show that Ce3+ emission weakens and Tb3+ emission enhances in La(BO3, PO4):Ce, Tb in the presence of Gd, and in Y(BO3, PO4):Ce, Tb, the Ce3+ and Tb3+ emissions are all enhanced, and the former increases more than the latter. In a whole, Gd3+ acts as intermediate of energy transfer from Ce3+ to Tb3+ and sensitizer in La(BO3, PO4):Ce, Tb, Gd; while in Y(BO3, PO4):Ce, Tb, Gd, Gd3+ acts only as sensitizer, and prevents energy transfer from Ce3+ to Tb3+. Compared with Y(BO3, PO4):Ce, Tb, Gd, La(BO3, PO4):Ce, Tb, Gd, phosphor absorbs ultraviolet radiation easily, and emits green light with higher purity and intensity under 254 nm excitation, so it is more suitable for green-emitting phosphor in fluorescent lamp. PMID:12947644

  2. Yellow laser performance of Dy$^{3+}$ in co-doped Dy,Tb:LiLuF$_4$

    E-print Network

    Bolognesi, Giacomo; Calonico, Davide; Costanzo, Giovanni Antonio; Levi, Filippo; Metz, Philip Werner; Kränkel, Christian; Huber, Günter; Tonelli, Mauro

    2015-01-01

    We present laser results obtained from a Dy$^{3+}$-Tb$^{3+}$ co-doped LiLuF$_{4}$ crystal, pumped by a blue emitting InGaN laser diode, aiming for the generation of a compact 578 nm source. We exploit the yellow Dy$^{3+}$ transition $^{4}$F$_{9/2}$ $\\Longrightarrow$ $^{6}$H$_{13/2}$ to generate yellow laser emission. The lifetime of the lower laser level is quenched via energy transfer to co-doped Tb$^{3+}$ ions in the fluoride crystal. We report the growth technique, spectroscopic study and room temperature continuous wave (cw) laser results in a hemispherical cavity at 574 nm and with a highly reflective output coupler at 578 nm. A yellow laser at 578 nm is very relevant for metrological applications, in particular for pumping of the forbidden $^{1}$S$_{0} \\Longrightarrow ^{3}$P$_{0}$ Ytterbium clock transition, which is recommended as a secondary representation of the second in the international system (SI) of units. This paper was published in Optics Letters and is made available as an electronic reprint ...

  3. Hydrothermal synthesis of core-shell structured TbPO4:Ce(3+)@TbPO4:Gd(3+) nanocomposites for magnetic resonance and optical imaging.

    PubMed

    Kuang, Xiao-yan; Liu, Huan; Hu, Wen-yong; Shao, Yuan-zhi

    2014-08-28

    Multi-modal imaging based on multifunctional nanoparticles provides deep, non-invasive and highly sensitive imaging and is a promising alternative approach that can improve the sensitivity of early cancer diagnosis. In this study, two nanoparticles, TbPO4:Ce(3+) and TbPO4:Ce(3+)@TbPO4:Gd(3+), were synthesized via the citric-acid-mediated hydrothermal route, and then systematically characterized by means of microstructure, photoluminescence, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), biocompatibility, and bioimaging. The results of energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) line scans indicated that TbPO4:Gd(3+) nanoshells about 5 nm in thickness were successfully coated on the TbPO4:Ce(3+) nanocores. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transforms of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images indicated that the core-shell nanocomposites had a single crystal structure. The photoluminescence of the TbPO4:Ce(3+)@TbPO4:Gd(3+) and TbPO4:Ce(3+) nanoparticles was greatly intensified by 200 times and 100 times, respectively, compared with pure TbPO4 nanoparticles. In vitro cytotoxicity tests based on the methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay demonstrated that the monodispersed nanoparticles of TbPO4:Ce(3+)@TbPO4:Gd(3+) had low toxicity. The intracellular luminescence of the nanoparticles after being internalized by HeLa cells was also observed using confocal fluorescence microscopes. MRI showed that the nanoshells of Gd-doped TbPO4 possessed a longitudinal relaxivity of 4.067 s(-1) mM(-1), which is comparable to that of the commercial MRI contrast Gd-TDPA. As a result, the core-shell structured TbPO4:Ce(3+)@TbPO4:Gd(3+) nanoparticles can potentially serve as multifunctional nanoprobes for both optical biolabels and MRI contrast agents. PMID:24985564

  4. Thermochemical properties of Ln2BaCoO5 (Ln = Nd, Gd, Dy, Ho)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tiflova, L. A.; Kovba, M. L.; Monaenkova, A. S.

    2015-04-01

    The enthalpies of the reactions of double rare-earth and barium cobaltites Ln2BaCOO5 (Ln = Nd, Gd, Dy, Ho) and metallic dysprosium with 1 M hydrochloric acid are measured at 298.15 K using precision calorimetric equipment. The standard enthalpies of formation of Ln2BaCoO5 from simple components and binary oxides were calculated from the obtained results and reliable literature data.

  5. High-efficient, bicolor-emitting GdVO4:Dy3+ phosphor under near ultraviolet excitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Jinjin; Zhou, Jia; Jia, Huayu; Tian, Yue

    2015-11-01

    Bicolor emitting GdVO4:Dy3+ phosphor with short columniation-shape was prepared via a simple co-precipitation process. The optimal doping concentration for obtaining maximal luminescent intensity was confirmed to be 0.3 mol% and the electric dipole-dipole interaction is responsible for concentration quenching of Dy3+ emission in GdVO4 phosphor. In order to evaluate the luminescent performance of as-prepared phosphor, the luminescent efficiency and color coordinates were studied. The results show that luminescent efficiency of this phosphor is very high under near UV excitation and twice times higher than commercial Y2O2S:Eu3+ phosphor. In addition, the color coordinates for optimal Dy3+ concentration are (0.339, 0.379), which are close to equal energy point. Therefore, the GdVO4:Dy3+ phosphor may have potential application for solid state lighting.

  6. Synthesis, characterization and luminescence studies in ZrO2:Dy3+ and ZrO2:Dy3+, Gd3+ films deposited by the Pyrosol method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martínez-Olmos, R. C.; Guzmán-Mendoza, J.; Báez-Rodríguez, A.; Álvarez-Fragoso, O.; García-Hipólito, M.; Falcony, C.

    2015-08-01

    ZrO2, ZrO2:Dy3+ and ZrO2:Dy3+, Gd3+ films were synthesized using the Pyrosol technique. These films have a ZrO2-metastable tetragonal crystalline structure, which is better defined as the deposition temperature increases. Photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of these films were studied as a function of deposition parameters such as substrate temperature and Dy3+ and Gd3+ relative concentrations. All luminescent emission spectra showed the typical electronic transitions 4f ? 4f of the Dy3+ ions at 480, 574 and 655 nm. The luminescent intensity is observed to increase with the Dy3+ ion concentration up to 7 at.% in the spraying solution (1.8 at.% inside films), higher concentration result in an inhibition of the luminescence. Incorporation of Gd3+ ions in ZrO2:Dy3+ films produced a marked increase in the luminescent emission intensity (approximately 15 times). The elemental composition and surface morphology of these films are also reported.

  7. High-field magnetostriction of TbCu, DyCu, and HoCu

    SciTech Connect

    Ibarra, M.R.; Algarabel, P.A. Departamento de la Materia Condensada, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, 50009 Zaragoza, ); Pavlovic, A.S. )

    1990-05-01

    Preliminary results are presented on the anisotropic and volume magnetostriction in pulsed high magnetic fields (0--16.6 T) of the antiferromagnetic intermetallics TbCu, DyCu, and HoCu from room temperature to 5 K. The results clearly point out the relevance of these measurements in order to determine magnetic phase transitions induced by the magnetic field. The strain measured was surprisingly large, up to 10{sup {minus}3} for DyCu, which is the largest magnetostriction observed in an antiferromagnet. For TbCu below{approx}40 K, two distinct field-induced spin-reorientation transitions are exhibited at critical fields of {ital H}{sub {ital C}1}{approx}2 T and {ital H}{sub {ital C}2}{approx}8.5 T. This result casts doubt on the collinear nature of the magnetic structure of TbCu. From 50 to 5 K the DyCu results show two anomalies at critical fields {ital H}{sub {ital C}1}{approx}7.5 T and {ital H}{sub {ital C}2}{approx}11 T. In addition, these measurements show that at 11 K and below a small anomaly occurs at {ital H}{sub {ital C}3}{approx}2.5 T. HoCu exhibits a complex magnetostriction behavior, but it too presents definite anomalies at {ital H}{sub {ital C}1}{approx}2.5 T, {ital H}{sub {ital C}2}{approx}9 T, and {ital H}{sub {ital C}3}{approx}13 T. These results would point to a noncollinear magnetic structure for HoCu. All of the critical magnetic field values observed were practically temperature independent.

  8. Single crystals of Tb 0.3Dy 0.7Fe 2 grown by Czochralski method with cold crucible

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Jing-lan; Gao, Shu-xia; Wang, Wen-hong; Zhang, Ming; Wu, Guang-heng; Li, Yang-xian; Qu, Jing-ping; Xu, Gui-zhi

    2002-03-01

    Sngle crystals of Tb 0.3Dy 0.7Fe 2 have been obtained by CZ technique with cold crucible. The formation mechanism of defects such as RFe 3 strips, Widmanstatten precipitates (WSP), twins and inclusions were investigated in detail. They are generated by different phase relations and conditions of solidification. The geometrical morphology depends on the crystallographic orientation or the position of the interface. The relationship between growth conditions and compositions of starting materials has been discussed based on the normal freezing theory for rare earth-rich growth environment. Various growth rates were selected for growing defect-free single crystals of Tb 0.3Dy 0.7Fe 2. Optimized conditions are a growth rate of 10-30 mm/h, temperature gradient of 110-140°C/cm and starting composition of Tb 0.3Dy 0.7Fe y ( y=1.78-1.85).

  9. Tunable photoluminescence and magnetic properties of Dy(3+) and Eu(3+) doped GdVO4 multifunctional phosphors.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yanxia; Liu, Guixia; Dong, Xiangting; Wang, Jinxian; Yu, Wensheng

    2015-10-01

    A series of Dy(3+) or/and Eu(3+) doped GdVO4 phosphors were successfully prepared by a simple hydrothermal method and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS), photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). The results indicate that the as-prepared samples are pure tetragonal phase GdVO4, taking on nanoparticles with an average size of 45 nm. Under ultraviolet (UV) light excitation, the individual Dy(3+) or Eu(3+) ion activated GdVO4 phosphors exhibit excellent emission properties in their respective regions. The mechanism of energy transfer from the VO4(3-) group and the charge transfer band (CTB) to Dy(3+) and Eu(3+) ions is proposed. Color-tunable emissions in GdVO4:Dy(3+),Eu(3+) phosphors are realized through adopting different excitation wavelengths or adjusting the appropriate concentration of Dy(3+) and Eu(3+) when excited by a single excitation wavelength. In addition, the as-prepared samples show paramagnetic properties at room temperature. This kind of multifunctional color-tunable phosphor has great potential applications in the fields of photoelectronic devices and biomedical sciences. PMID:26392139

  10. Anion disorder in lanthanoid zirconates Gd(2-x)Tb(x)Zr2O7.

    PubMed

    Reynolds, Emily; Blanchard, Peter E R; Kennedy, Brendan J; Ling, Chris D; Liu, Samuel; Avdeev, Max; Zhang, Zhaoming; Cuello, Gabriel J; Tadich, Anton; Jang, Ling-Yun

    2013-08-01

    The pyrochlore-defect fluorite order-disorder transition has been studied for a series of oxides of the type Gd(2-x)Tb(x)Zr2O7 by a combination of diffraction and spectroscopy techniques. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction data suggest an abrupt transition from the coexistence of pyrochlore and defect fluorite phases to a single defect fluorite phase with increasing Tb content. However neutron diffraction data, obtained at ? ? 0.497 Å for all Gd-containing samples to minimize absorption, not only provide evidence for independent ordering of the anion and cation sublattices but also suggest that the disorder transition across the pyrochlore-defect fluorite boundary of Ln2Zr2O7 is rather gradual. Such disorder was also evident in X-ray absorption measurements at the Zr L3-edge, which showed a gradual increase in the effective coordination number of the Zr from near 6-coordinate in the pyrochlore rich samples to near 7-coordinate in the Tb rich defect fluorites. These results indicate the presence of ordered domains throughout the defect fluorite region, and demonstrate the gradual nature of the order-disorder transition across the Gd(2-x)Tb(x)Zr2O7 series. PMID:23844979

  11. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 91, 205130 (2015) Magnetochromic effect in multiferroic RIn1-xMnxO3 (R = Tb, Dy)

    E-print Network

    2015-01-01

    and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA 4 Laboratory of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784, Korea 5 National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee-charge coupling in Mn-substituted rare-earth indium oxides of chemical formula RIn1-xMnxO3 (R = Tb, Dy). The edge

  12. High pressure synthesis of late rare earth RFeAs(O,F) superconductors; R = Tb and Dy 

    E-print Network

    Attfield, J.P.; Huxley A.D.; Sokolov D.A.; Rodgers J.A.; Penny G.B.S.; Bos J.W.G.

    2008-01-01

    New TbFeAs(O,F) and DyFeAs(O,F) superconductors with critical temperatures T-c = 46 and 45 K and very high critical fields, >= 100 T, have been prepared at 1100-1150 degrees C and 10-12 GPa, demonstrating that high pressure may be used to synthesise...

  13. Laser-plasma source parameters for Kr, Gd, and Tb ions at 6.6 nm

    SciTech Connect

    Masnavi, Majid; Szilagyi, John; Parchamy, Homaira; Richardson, Martin C.

    2013-04-22

    There is increasing interest in extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) laser-based lamps for sub-10-nm lithography operating in the region of 6.6 nm. A collisional-radiative model is developed as a post-processor of a hydrodynamic code to investigate emission from resonance lines in Kr, Gd, and Tb ions under conditions typical for mass-limited EUV sources. The analysis reveals that maximum conversion efficiencies of Kr occur at 5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 10}W/cm{sup 2}, while for Gd and Tb it was Asymptotically-Equal-To 0.9%/2{pi}sr for laser intensities of (2-5) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12}W/cm{sup 2}.

  14. Static and dynamic magnetic properties and interplay of Dy3+, Gd3+ and Mn3+ spins in orthorhombic DyMnO3 and GdMnO3 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Das, Raja; Jaiswal, Adhish; Poddar, Pankaj

    2013-01-01

    Single-phase orthorhombic DyMnO3 and GdMnO3 nanoparticles in the size range 60-70 and 35-45 nm, respectively, were synthesized using a modified hydrothermal method. The magnetic property measurements of DyMnO3 nanocrystals show anomalies around ˜43 K (antiferromagnetic (AFM) coupling between Mn3+ spins) and at 7 K in the form of a peak in the zero-field-cooled curve (AFM coupling between Dy3+ spins). Whereas, GdMnO3 undergoes a phase transition at ˜42 K from paramagnetic to an incommensurate-antiferromagnetic phase (ICAFM) followed by a second anomaly at ˜22 K, which could be associated with the transition from ICAFM into a canted A-type AFM ordering of the Mn3+ spins. This transition is followed by a long-range ordering of the Gd3+ moments at 6 K yielding the canting of the Gd3+ spins with a ferromagnetic (FM) component antiparallel to the FM moment of the canted Mn3+ spins. No anomaly near the Néel temperature of the Mn moments for both DyMnO3 and GdMnO3 nanoparticles was observed in ac magnetization which were observed in dc magnetization. The room temperature Raman spectra of DyMnO3 shows two most intense Raman modes at 480 and 609 cm-1 which can be assigned to an antisymmetric Jahn-Teller stretching mode and a symmetric or breathing stretching mode, respectively, involving Mn-O bond stretching.

  15. Thermodynamic properties of LnBa2Cu3O6 + z (Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho, Yb, and Y) compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kovba, M. L.; Voskov, A. L.

    2015-05-01

    Thermodynamic properties of superconductors of LnBa2Cu3O6 + z (Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho, Yb, and Y) are determined by means of EMF using fluoro-ion electrolyte in the temperature range of 900-1250 K. Comparative analyses of the experimental data and thermodynamic models is performed for YBa2Cu3O6 + z compound.

  16. Magnetochromic effect in multiferroic R In 1 ? x Mn x O 3 ( R = Tb , Dy)

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Chen, P.; Holinsworth, B. S.; O'Neal, K. R.; Brinzari, T. V.; Mazumdar, D.; Topping, C. V.; Luo, X.; Cheong, S.-W.; Singleton, J.; McGill, S.; et al

    2015-05-26

    We combined high field magnetization and magneto-optical spectroscopy to investigate spin-charge coupling in Mn-substituted rare-earth indium oxides of chemical formula RIn??xMnxO? (R=Tb, Dy). The edge states, on-site Mn³?d to d excitations, and rare-earth f-manifold excitations all track the magnetization energy due to dominant Zeeman interactions. The field-induced modifications to the rare-earth excitations are quite large because spin-orbit coupling naturally mixes spin and charge, suggesting that the next logical step in the design strategy should be to bring spin-orbit coupling onto the trigonal bipyramidal chromophore site with a 4 or 5d center.

  17. Brilliant Sm, Eu, Tb and Dy chiral lanthanide complexes withstrong circularly polarized luminescence

    SciTech Connect

    Petoud, Stephane; Muller, Gilles; Moore, Evan G.; Xu, Jide; Sokolnicki, Jurek; Riehl, James P.; Le, Uyen; Cohen, Seth M.; Raymond,Kenneth N.

    2006-07-10

    The synthesis, characterization and luminescent behavior of trivalent Sm, Eu, Dy and Tb complexes of two enantiomeric, octadentate, chiral, 2-hydroxyisophthalamide ligands are reported. These complexes are highly luminescent in solution. Functionalization of the achiral parent ligand with a chiral 1-phenylethylamine substituent on the open face of the complex in close proximity to the metal center yields complexes with strong circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) activity. This appears to be the first example of a system utilizing the same ligand architecture to sensitize four different lanthanide cations and display CPL activity. The luminescence dissymmetry factor, g{sub lum}, recorded for the Eu(III) complex is one of the highest values reported, and this is the first time the CPL effect has been demonstrated for a Sm(III) complex with a chiral ligand. The combination of high luminescence intensity with CPL activity should enable new bioanalytical applications of macromolecules in chiral environments.

  18. Down-shifting by energy transfer in Dy 3+-Tb 3+ co-doped YF 3-based sol-gel nano-glass-ceramics for photovoltaic applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santana-Alonso, A.; Yanes, A. C.; Méndez-Ramos, J.; del-Castillo, J.; Rodríguez, V. D.

    2011-02-01

    Highly transparent sol-gel derived nano-glass-ceramics containing YF 3 nanocrystals doped with Dy 3+ or Tb 3+ and co-doped with Dy 3+-Tb 3+ have been successfully developed. A structural analysis and luminescence spectra features confirmed the incorporation of rare-earth ions into precipitated YF 3 nanocrystals, where efficient energy transfer from Dy 3+ to Tb 3+ takes place. Higher efficiency is obtained with increasing Tb 3+ concentration, and no quenching effects are observed. Observed luminescence features leads the way to enhance solar cell spectral response by down-shifting of the incident solar spectrum, with an extended absorption range from 300 to 500 nm, yielding to a predominant green emission by co-doping with Dy 3+ and Tb 3+ ions.

  19. Competing ?-rigid and ?-stable vibrations in neutron-rich Gd and Dy isotopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Budaca, R.; Budaca, A. I.

    2015-10-01

    An exactly separable version of the Bohr Hamiltonian which combines the ?-stable and ?-rigid axial vibration-rotation is used to describe the collective properties of few neutron-rich transitional nuclei. The coupling between the two types of collective motion is managed through a rigidity parameter which also influences the geometry of the shape phase space. While the ?-angular part of the problem associated to axially symmetric shapes is treated within the small angles approximation and the stiff ? oscillation hypothesis, the ? vibration is described by means of a Davidson potential. The resulting model have three free parameters not counting the scale and was successfully applied for the description of the collective spectra for few heavier isotopes of Gd and Dy. In both cases a critical nucleus was identified through a discontinuous behavior in respect to the rigidity parameter and relevant experimental observables.

  20. Synthesis, crystal structure, optical and thermal properties of lanthanide hydrogen-polyphosphates Ln[H(PO3)4] (Ln = Tb, Dy, Ho).

    PubMed

    Förg, Katharina; Höppe, Henning A

    2015-11-28

    Lanthanide hydrogen-polyphosphates Ln[H(PO3)4] (Ln = Tb, Dy, Ho) were synthesised as colourless (Ln = Tb, Dy) and light pink (Ln = Ho) crystalline powders by reaction of Tb4O7/Dy2O3/Ho2O3 with H3PO3 at 380 °C. All compounds crystallise isotypically (P21/c (no. 14), Z = 4, aTb = 1368.24(4) pm, bTb = 710.42(2) pm, cTb = 965.79(3) pm, ?Tb = 101.200(1)°, 3112 data, 160 parameters, wR2 = 0.062, aHo = 1363.34(5) pm, bHo = 709.24(3) pm, cHo = 959.07(4) pm, ?Ho = 101.055(1)°, 1607 data, 158 parameters, wR2 = 0.058). The crystal structure comprises two different infinite helical chains of corner-sharing phosphate tetrahedra. In-between these chains the lanthanide ions are located, coordinated by seven oxygen atoms belonging to four different polyphosphate chains. Vibrational, UV/Vis and fluorescence spectra of Ln[H(PO3)4] (Ln = Tb, Dy, Ho) as well as Dy[H(PO3)4]:Ln (Ln = Ce, Eu) and the magnetic and thermal behaviour of Tb[H(PO3)4] are reported. PMID:26485151

  1. Host-sensitized luminescence properties in CaNb2O6:Ln(3+) (Ln(3+) = Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+)) phosphors with abundant colors.

    PubMed

    Li, Kai; Liu, Xiaoming; Zhang, Yang; Li, Xuejiao; Lian, Hongzhou; Lin, Jun

    2015-01-01

    A series of Ln(3+) (Ln(3+) = Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+)) ion doped CaNb2O6 (CNO) phosphors have been prepared via the conventional high-temperature solid-state reaction route. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and structure refinement, diffuse reflection, photoluminescence (PL), and fluorescent decay curves were used to characterize the as-prepared samples. Under UV radiation, the CNO host present a broad emission band from about 355 to 605 nm centered around 460 nm originating from the NbO6 octahedral groups, which has spectral overlaps with the excitation of f-f transitions of Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+) in CNO:Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+) samples. They show both host emission and respective emission lines derived from the characteristic f-f transitions of activators, which present different emission colors owing to the energy transfer from the NbO6 group in the host to Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+) with increasing activator concentrations. The decreases of decay lifetimes of host emissions in CNO:Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+) demonstrate the energy transfer from the hosts to Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+). The energy transfer mechanisms in CNO:Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+) phosphors have been determined to be a resonant type via dipole-dipole mechanisms. For CNO:Sm(3+), the metal-metal charge transfer transition (MMCT) might contribute to the different variations of decay lifetimes and emission intensity from CNO:Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+) samples. The best quantum efficiency is 71.2% for CNO:0.01/0.02Dy(3+). The PL properties of as-prepared materials indicate the promising application in UV-pumped white-emitting lighting diodes field. PMID:25495521

  2. Magnetooptics of the luminescent transitions in Tb3+:Gd3Ga5O12

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valiev, Uygun V.; Gruber, John B.; Ivanov, Igor'A.; Burdick, Gary W.; Liang, Hongbin; Zhou, Lei; Fu, Dejun; Pelenovich, Oleg V.; Pelenovich, Vasiliy O.; Lin, Zhou

    2015-08-01

    The spectra of the luminescence and magnetic circular polarization of luminescence in terbium-gadolinium gallium garnet Tb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Tb3+:GGG) were studied within the visible spectral range at temperatures T = 90 and 300 K in an external magnetic field of 0.45 T. The Zeeman effect in the luminescence "green" band associated with 4f ? 4f transition 5D4 ? 7F5 of Tb3+:GGG was also studied at T = 90 K in an external field of 0.55 T. Measurement of the Zeeman effect in Tb3+:GGG carried out for some doublet lines of the luminescence band 5D4 ? 7F5 at T = 90 K shows that a magnetooptical effect of the intensity change of the emitted light is observed on these lines, in contrast to pure Zeeman splitting of the emission lines measured in the luminescence band 5D4 ? 7F6. For the systems we have studied, the maximal value of the magnetooptical effect of the intensity change of the luminescence line at low temperatures has been achieved in paramagnetic garnet Tb0.2Y2.8Al5O12 at comparatively low magnetic fields.

  3. Phase diagrams of the Tb-Ag-In and Dy-Ag-In systems at 870 K

    SciTech Connect

    Demchyna, M.; Belan, B.; Manyako, M.; Pietraszko, A.; Kalychak, Ya.

    2012-08-15

    The phase equilibria of Tb-Ag-In and Dy-Ag-In ternary systems have been studied at 870 K in the whole concentration range by means of X-ray powder, single crystal X-ray diffraction and EDX analyses. Isothermal sections of Tb-Ag-In and Dy-Ag-In phase diagrams at this temperature have been constructed. Both systems are characterized by formation of three ternary compounds: REAg{sub 3}In{sub 3} (YbAg{sub 2}In{sub 4}-type, space group Im-3), REAg{sub 2}In (MnCu{sub 2}Al-type, space group Fm-3m) and RE{sub 2}AgIn{sub 3} (CaIn{sub 2}-type, space group P6{sub 3}/mmc) RE=Tb, Dy. Homogeneity ranges of the ternary phases with CaIn{sub 2} structure type lies from 35 to 60 at% of In for Tb-containing phase and from 39 to 50 at% of In for Dy-containing phase. The existence of solid solutions based on REAg (CsCl-type, space group Pm-3m) binary compounds up to 30 at% of In and REIn{sub 3} (AuCu{sub 3}-type, space group Pm-3 m) binary compounds up to 5 at% of Ag has been found. - Graphical Abstract: Phase relations in the ternary systems Tb-Ag-In and Dy-Ag-In have been established for the isothermal section at T=870 K based on X-ray powder and single crystal diffraction analyses. The existence of three ternary compounds in each system were observed. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Isothermal section of Tb-Ag-In system at T=870 K was constructed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Isothermal section of Dy-Ag-In system at T=870 K was constructed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Three ternary compounds and two solid solutions in each system were detected.

  4. Magnetochromic effect in multiferroic RIn1-xMnxO3 (R=Tb, Dy) B. S. Holinsworth,1

    E-print Network

    Magnetochromic effect in multiferroic RIn1-xMnxO3 (R=Tb, Dy) P. Chen,1 B. S. Holinsworth,1 K. R. O, and rare-earth f-manifold excitations all track the magnetization energy due to dominant Zeeman, these on-site excitations red shift due to the Zee- man effect.21 In the more well-studied RMnO3 systems

  5. Size-dependent magnetic ordering and spin-dynamics in DyPO4 and GdPO4 nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect

    Evangelisti, Marco; Sorop, Tibi G; Bakharev, Oleg N; Visser, Dirk; Hillier, Adrian D.; Alonso, Juan; Haase, Markus; Boatner, Lynn A; De Jongh, L. Jos

    2011-01-01

    Low-temperature magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity measurements on nanoparticles (d 2.6 nm) of the antiferromagnetic compounds DyPO4 (TN = 3:4 K) and GdPO4 (TN = 0:77 K) provide clear demonstrations of finite-size effects, which limit the divergence of the magnetic correlation lengths, thereby suppressing the bulk long-range magnetic ordering transitions. Instead, the incomplete antiferromagnetic order inside the particles leads to the formation of net magnetic moments on the particles. For the nanoparticles of Ising-type DyPO4 superparamagnetic blocking is found in the ac-susceptibility at 1 K, those of the XY-type GdPO4 analogue show a dipolar spin-glass transition at 0:2 K. Monte Carlo simulations for the magnetic heat capacities of both bulk and nanoparticle samples are in agreement with the experimental data. Strong size effects are also apparent in the Dy3+ and Gd3+ spin-dynamics, which were studied by zero-field SR relaxation and high-field 31P-NMR nuclear relaxation measurements. The freezing transitions observed in the ac-susceptibility of the nanoparticles also appear as peaks in the temperature dependence of the zero-field SR rates, but at slightly higher temperatures - as to be expected from the higher frequency of the muon probe. For both bulk and nanoparticles of GdPO4, the muon and 31P-NMR rates are for T 5 K dominated by exchange-narrowed hyperfine broadening arising from the electron spin-spin interactions inside the particles. The dipolar hyperfine interactions acting on the muons and the 31P are, however, much reduced in the nanoparticles. For the DyPO4 analogues the high-temperature rates appear to be fully determined by electron spin-lattice relaxation processes.

  6. Bifunctional heterometallic Ln3+-Gd3+ (Ln = Eu, Tb) hybrid silica microspheres: luminescence and MRI contrast agent property.

    PubMed

    Li, Yan-Yan; Yan, Bing; Li, Qiu-Ping

    2013-02-01

    A novel series of homometallic and heterometallic lanthanide (Eu(3+)(Tb(3+))-Gd(3+)) hybrid silica microspheres (EDTA-(Eu(Tb)-Gd)-TTA-SiO(2)) are synthesized with 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone (TTA) functionalized silane and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) by sol-gel process, whose physical characterization are carried out and especially the luminescence and the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent properties are discussed. These hybrids present uniform silica microsphere morphology with particle size of 1 ?m. Comparing to the homometallic hybrid silica microsphere EDTA-Ln-TTA-SiO(2) without Gd(3+) ion, the heterometallic hybrid silica microspheres EDTA-Eu-Gd-TTA-SiO(2) exhibit stronger luminescent intensity, longer lifetime and higher luminescent quantum efficiency, which is due to the fact that inert ion Gd(3+) can enhance the luminescence of the Eu(3+) or Tb(3+) within the hybrid system. In addition, the MRI relaxivity of the heterometallic lanthanide hybrid silica microspheres in water is assessed, showing a lower T1 relaxation rate than homometallic gadolinium hybrid one (EDTA-Gd-TTA-SiO(2)). Both of them show higher T1 relaxation rate than the conventional Gd chelate of diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid. These bifunctional hybrid materials exhibit both luminescent and MRI magnetic contrast agent properties, whose further investigation can be expected to have potential application in practical fields such as optical storage and sensors, etc. PMID:23154785

  7. Different High-Temperature Spin Dynamics of Ising Pyrochlore Dy2Sn2O7 and Heisenberg Pyrochlore Gd2Sn2O7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaibuchi, Tomomi; Tashiro, Hiroshi; Itou, Tetsuaki; Nishiyama, Masahide; Oyamada, Akira; Maegawa, Satoru; Matsuhira, Kazuyuki

    2012-05-01

    We measured the nuclear magnetic spin--lattice (T1-1) and spin--spin (T2-1) relaxation rates of 119Sn nuclei of the Ising pyrochlore magnet Dy2Sn2O7 and the Heisenberg pyrochlore magnet Gd2Sn2O7 at high temperatures (120--294 K for Dy2Sn2O7 and 20--284 K for Gd2Sn2O7) to investigate their high-temperature 4f-electron spin dynamics. We found the following two results, which reveal remarkable differences between the spin dynamics of Dy2Sn2O7 and Gd2Sn2O7. First, the ratio T2-1/T1-1 for powder samples is almost unity in Dy2Sn2O7, whereas it is about 6 in Gd2Sn2O7. Second, these relaxation rates increase markedly on cooling in Dy2Sn2O7, reflecting thermal activation with a gap of ˜600 K, whereas they are almost constant with temperature in Gd2Sn2O7. The former result indicates that spin fluctuations of Dy2Sn2O7 are completely restricted to the < 111 > direction, whereas Gd spins fluctuate three-dimensionally and the component of the fluctuations parallel to an externally applied field contributes to the nuclear relaxation rates in Gd2Sn2O7. The latter result indicates that the spin fluctuations of Dy2Sn2O7 are caused by an indirect spin-flip process mediated through an excited state of the crystalline electric field multiplets, whereas those of Gd2Sn2O7 are dominated by the direct mutual spin-flip process by interactions between 4f-electron spins.

  8. Transport properties of RPtBi (R = Gd, Dy, Tm, and Lu) under applied magnetic fields

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mun, Eundeok; Bud'Ko, Sergey; Canfield, Paul

    2015-03-01

    It has been suggested that the combination of strong spin-orbit coupling and noncentrosymmetric crystal structure make ternary Heusler compounds a strong candidate for 3D topological materials. The crystal structure of rare-earth platinum bismuth (RPtBi) half-Heusler compounds lacks an inversion symmetry, hence the material is a noncentrosymmeteric. The earlier electrical resistivity data of RPtBi revealed a systematic change from a small gap semiconductor for lighter rare-earth to metallic for heavier rare-earth compounds. The angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy showed a clear spin-orbit splitting of the surface bands that cross the Fermi surface. Here we present very large magnetic field dependences of transport properties in single crystals of RPtBi (R = Gd, Dy, Tm, and Lu). Successfully grown the high quality RPtBi single crystals reveal that a large non-saturating magnetoresistance (MR) of as high as 800 % at 2 K and over 300 % at 300 K under a moderate magnetic field of 14 T. In addition to the large MR, the samples exhibit pronounced temperature and magnetic field dependences of Hall coefficient and thermoelectric power. Obtained transport data suggest that the high hole and electron mobility dominate the magnetotransport.

  9. M (Tm3+, Tb3+, Ho3+, Dy3+, Mn2+)-doped transparent fluorophosphate glasses for white light-emitting-diodes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ming, Chengguo; Song, Feng; Qin, Yueting; Ren, Xiaobin; An, Liqun

    2014-06-01

    M-doped (M=Tm3+, Tb3+, Ho3+, Dy3+, Mn2+) transparent fluorophosphate glasses were prepared by a high temperature melting method. Excitation and emission spectra of the samples were investigated. Under near-ultraviolet excitation, the emission colors of the Tm3+-and Mn2+-doped samples are blue and red, respectively; the emission colors of the Tb3+-, Ho3+-, and Dy3+-doped samples are green; and the emission color of Tb3+/ Mn2+/Tm3+ tridoped fluorophosphate glass is white to the naked eye. Our research will be helpful in developing luminescent materials for white light-emitting-diodes.

  10. White light emitting LaGdSiO5:Dy3+ nanophosphors for solid state lighting applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ogugua, Simon N.; Swart, Hendrik C.; Ntwaeaborwa, Odireleng M.

    2016-01-01

    Powdered dysprosium (Dy3+) doped Lanthanum gadolinium oxyorthosilicate (LaGdSiO5) mixed phosphors were synthesized using urea-assisted solution combustion method. The X-ray diffractometer analysis showed that the samples crystalized in the pure monoclinic mixed phase of LaGdSiO5. The crystallite size and the lattice strain calculated from the X-ray diffraction peaks using Williamson-Hall equation varied from 12 nm to 16 nm and 1.6 ×10-2 to 2.43 ×10-2 respectively. The photoluminescence (PL) emission spectra recorded using 425, 454 and 475 nm excitation wavelengths exhibit characteristic similar to the YAG:Ce phosphor pumped InGaN LED system, by absorbing portion of the excitation energy and re-emitting it. The emission spectra were characterized by radiative recombination at 425, 454, 475, 485 and 575 nm depending on the excitation wavelength. These emission line are ascribed to the f?f transitions of Dy3+. The peak intensity and hence the color of the emitted visible light were dependent on the concentration of Dy3+. The International Commission on Illumination (CIE) color coordinates of (0.336, 0.313) and (0.359, 0.361) were obtained for Dy3+ molar concentration of 0.05 and 3.0 mol% when the emission was monitored using 454 nm and 475 nm respectively. The band gap measured from the reflectance curve using Tauc plot initially decreased with increasing Dy3+ concentration, but at higher concentration, it started to increase. These materials were evaluated for solid state lighting application.

  11. Dy-V magnetic interaction and local structure bias on the complex spin and orbital ordering in Dy??xTbxVO? (x=0 and 0.2)

    SciTech Connect

    Yan, J.-Q.; Cao, H. B.; McGuire, M. A.; Ren, Y.; Sales, B. C.; Mandrus, D. G.

    2013-06-10

    The spin and orbital ordering in Dy??xTbxVO? (x=0 and 0.2) was studied by measuring x-ray powder diffraction, magnetization, specific heat, and neutron single-crystal diffraction. The results show that G-OO/C-AF and C-OO/G-AF phases coexist in Dy0.8Tb0.20VO3 in the temperature range 2–60 K, and the volume fraction of each phase is temperature and field dependent. The ordering of Dy moments at T* = 12 K induces a transition from G-OO/C-AF to a C-OO/G-AF phase. Magnetic fields suppress the long-range order of Dy moments and thus the C-OO/G-AF phase below T*. The polarized moments induced at the Dy sublattice by external magnetic fields couple to the V 3d moments, and this coupling favors the G-OO/C-AF state. Also discussed is the effect of the Dy-V magnetic interaction and local structure distortion on the spin and orbital ordering in Dy??xTbxVO?.

  12. Specific features of the formation of atomic magnetic moments in amorphous films RE-Co ( RE = La, Gd, Tb)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vas'kovskiy, V. O.; Adanakova, O. A.; Balymov, K. G.; Kulesh, N. A.; Svalov, A. V.; Stepanova, E. A.

    2015-06-01

    A systematic investigation of the magnetic properties of amorphous films in ( RE) x Co100 - x binary systems in the ground state with rare-earth elements ( RE) of different types has been performed. The concentration dependences of the average atomic magnetic moments of cobalt ( m Co), gadolinium ( m Gd), and terbium ( m Tb) have been determined from the analysis of the spontaneous magnetization of the films with a nonmagnetic rare-earth element (La), a rare-earth element with a spherical electron shell (Gd), and a rareearth element with a large orbital magnetic moment (Tb). It has been shown that, in the range 0 < x < 50 at %, the magnetic moment m Co decreases from 1.7 ?B to zero, the magnetic moment m Gd remains unchanged and almost coincides with the magnetic moment of the free atom (7 ?B), and the value of m Tb decreases monotonically, but the rate of decrease depends on the method of the sample preparation. The revealed regularities are associated with the concentration change in the electronic structure of cobalt and with the specificity of the magnetic structure of the films, which has a ferromagnetic, ferrimagnetic, or sperimagnetic character for samples containing La, Gd, or Tb, respectively.

  13. One-dimensional GdVO 4: Ln3+ ( Ln=Eu, Dy, Sm) nanofibers: Electrospinning preparation and luminescence properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Xue; Yu, Min; Hou, Zhiyao; Li, Guogang; Ma, Ping'an; Wang, Wenxin; Cheng, Ziyong; Lin, Jun

    2011-01-01

    One-dimensional GdVO 4: Ln3+ ( Ln=Eu, Dy, Sm) nanofibers have been prepared by a combination method of sol-gel process and electrospinning technology. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), photoluminescence (PL), quantum efficiency (QE), and cathodoluminescence (CL) spectra as well as kinetic decays were used to characterize the samples. The XRD, FT-IR, and TG-DTA results show that GdVO 4: Ln3+ nanofibers samples crystallize at 700 °C. SEM images indicate that the as prepared precursor fibers are smooth. After being calcined at 700 °C for 4 h, the fibers still maintain their fiberlike morphology with rough surface. TEM image further manifests that the GdVO 4: Ln3+ nanofibers consist of nanoparticles. Under ultraviolet excitation and low-voltage electron beam excitation, GdVO 4: Ln3+ phosphors showed their strong characteristic emission due to an efficient energy transfer from vanadate groups to dopants. The optimum doping concentration of Ln3+ in the GdVO 4 nanofibers also has been investigated.

  14. Photoluminescent properties of Tb3+ doped GdSrAl3O7 nanophosphor using solution combustions synthesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khatkar, Satyender Pal; Singh, Sonika; Lohra, Sheetal; Khatkar, Avni; Taxak, Vinod

    2015-05-01

    A color tunable terbium doped GdSrAl3O7 nanophosphor has been synthesized at low temperature using solution combustion synthesis. The photoluminescent properties of nanophosphors have been explored by analyzing their excitation and emission spectra alongwith their decay curves. The emission spectra exhibit dominating green light at 544 nm due to 5D4?7F5 transition of Tb3+ ions in GdSrAl3O7 on excitation by UV light of 239 nm. Furthermore, the luminescence in Gd( 1- x)SrAl3O7: xTb3+nanophosphors shifted from blue to green color by properly tuning the concentration of terbium ions. Decay curves indicate that non-radiative cross-relaxation is primarily responsible for concentration quenching phenomenon in the GdSrAl3O7 host. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed that single tetragonal phased nanophosphor could be readily obtained at low temperature 550°C. The smooth surfaced nanocrystals with particle size of 45 - 50 nm have also been examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). All these features augmented the probability of GdSrAl3O7: Tb3+ nanophosphor for potential applications in optical devices. [Figure not available: see fulltext.

  15. Magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of TbMnO3 and Tb0.67R0.33MnO3 (R=Dy, Y, and Ho) bulk powders

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Staruch, M.; Kuna, L.; McDannald, A.; Jain, M.

    2015-03-01

    Orthorhombically distorted perovskite rare-earth manganites with smaller rare-earth ions, such as TbMnO3, have mostly been explored for their multiferroic properties. In this work, magnetic and magnetocaloric properties in both TbMnO3 and A-site substituted Tb0.67R0.33MnO3 (R=Dy, Y, Ho) powder samples, prepared via solution route, were investigated. A weak ferromagnetic component was observed in the dc magnetic data of Dy- and Ho-substituted TbMnO3 that may be due to the change in average ionic radius at the A-site (Tb-site) as well as the larger magnetic moment of the substituting ion (~10.6 ?B for Dy3+ and Ho3+ as compared to 9.7 ?B for Tb3+). The magnetic entropy was found to decrease with the dilution of the Tb3+ ordering by the introduction of both magnetic and non-magnetic dopants at the A-site. Magnetocaloric properties of these samples were evaluated and for pure TbMnO3, a maximum relative cooling power of ~103 J/kg with 5 T applied field was observed that shows its potential for magnetic refrigeration.

  16. Luminescence studies of Sm3+ single-doped and Sm3+, Dy3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Xiangping; Wang, Xin; Li, Xuejing; Cheng, Lihong; Tong, Lili; Wang, Wenlong; Sun, Jiashi; Zhang, Jinsu; Chen, Baojiu

    2016-01-01

    Sm3+ single-doped and Sm3+, Dy3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphors were synthesized via a traditional high temperature solid-state reaction method. The crystal structure was characterized by means of x-ray diffraction. The luminescence properties and energy transfer in Sm3+ single-doped and Sm3+, Dy3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphors were systematically studied. The electric dipole-dipole interaction between Sm3+ ions was identified as the main mechanism for the concentration dependent fluorescence quenching in Sm3+ single-doped samples. It is confirmed that there is almost no energy transfer between Sm3+ and Dy3+ in Sm3+, Dy3+ co-doped samples. The introduction of Sm3+ can compensate the red emission component and adjust the colorimetric performance of Dy3+-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphors. Moreover, different emitting colors can be obtained from Sm3+, Dy3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor by changing the excitation pathway.

  17. Anisotropy in the paramagnetic phase of RAl/sub 2/ cubic intermetallic compounds (R = Tb, Dy, and Er)

    SciTech Connect

    del Moral, A.; Ibarra, M.R.; Abell, J.S.; Montenegro, J.F.D.

    1987-05-01

    In this paper it is shown that the anisotropy in the paramagnetic phase is a useful characteristic when used to single out high-rank susceptibility tensor components in the paramagnetic regime of cubic crystals. Application of this technique to RAl/sub 2/ compounds (R = Tb,Dy,Er) allows the determination of longitudinal and transverse (in the form of linear combinations) fourth- and sixth-rank paramagnetic susceptibilities. The use of the fourth-rank longitudinal susceptibility allows quadrupolar pair interactions in these compounds to be probed.

  18. Spin structure and magnetic frustration in multiferroic RMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} (R=Tb,Ho,Dy)

    SciTech Connect

    Blake, G.R.; Chapon, L.C.; Radaelli, P.G.; Park, S.; Hur, N.; Cheong, S-W.; Rodriguez-Carvajal, J.

    2005-06-01

    We have studied the crystal and magnetic structures of the magnetoelectric materials RMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} (R=Tb,Ho,Dy) using neutron diffraction as a function of temperature. All three materials display incommensurate antiferromagnetic ordering below 40 K, becoming commensurate on further cooling. For R=Tb,Ho, a commensurate-incommensurate transition takes place at low temperatures. The commensurate magnetic structures have been solved and are discussed in terms of competing exchange interactions. The spin configuration within the ab plane is essentially the same for each system, and the radius of R determines the sign of the magnetic exchange between adjacent planes. The inherent magnetic frustration in these materials is lifted by a small lattice distortion, primarily involving shifts of the Mn{sup 3+} cations and giving rise to a canted antiferroelectric phase.

  19. RNi8Si3 (R=Gd,Tb): Novel ternary ordered derivatives of the BaCd11 type

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pani, M.; Morozkin, A. V.; Yapaskurt, V. O.; Provino, A.; Manfrinetti, P.; Nirmala, R.; Malik, S. K.

    2016-01-01

    The title compounds have been synthesized and characterized both from the structural and magnetic point of view. Both crystallize in a new monoclinic structure strictly related to the tetragonal BaCd11 type. The structure was solved by means of X-ray single-crystal techniques for GdNi8Si3 and confirmed for TbNi8Si3 on powder data; the corresponding lattice parameters (obtained from Guinier powder patterns) are a=6.3259(2), b=13.7245(5), c=7.4949(3) Å, ?=113.522(3)°, Vcell=596.64(3) Å3 and a=6.3200(2), b=13.6987(4), c=7.4923(2) Å, ?=113.494(2)°, Vcell=594.88(2) Å3. The symmetry relationship between the tI48-I41/amd BaCd11 aristotype and the new ordered mS48-C2/c GdNi8Si3 derivative is described via the Bärnighausen formalism within the group theory. The large Gd-Gd (Tb-Tb) distances, mediated via Ni-Si network, likely lead to weak magnetic interactions. Low-field magnetization vs temperature measurements indicate weak and field-sensitive antiferromagnetic ground state, with ordering temperatures of 3 K in GdNi8Si3 and about 2-3 K in TbNi8Si3. On the other hand, the isothermal field-dependent magnetization data show the presence of competing interactions in both compounds, with a field-induced ferromagnetic behavior for GdNi8Si3 and a ferrimagnetic-like behavior in TbNi8Si3 at the ordering temperature TC/N of about (or slightly higher than) 3K. The magnetocaloric effect, quantified in terms of isothermal magnetic entropy change ?Sm, has the maximum values of -19.8 J(kg K)-1 (at 4 K for 140 kOe field change) and -12.1 J(kg K)-1 (at 12 K for 140 kOe field change) in GdNi8Si3 and TbNi8Si3, respectively.

  20. Record high magnetic exchange and magnetization blockade in Ln2@C79N (Ln = Gd(iii) and Dy(iii)) molecules: a theoretical perspective.

    PubMed

    Singh, Mukesh Kumar; Yadav, Neeraj; Rajaraman, Gopalan

    2015-12-01

    Ab initio and DFT calculations reveal a very strong ferromagnetic exchange of the order of 200 cm(-1) in an endohedral radical hetero-metallo-fullerene molecule Gd2@C79N. Calculations performed on the anisotropic Dy2@C79N molecule reveal that very strong Dy-radical exchange not only quenches the QTM effects but also immensely enhances the barrier height for magnetization reversal. PMID:26490382

  1. Structure and magnetic properties of RNi{sub 2}Mn compounds (R=Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er)

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, J. L.; Marquina, C.; Ibarra, M. R.; Wu, G. H.

    2006-03-01

    The compounds RNi{sub 2}Mn (R=Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er) with a MgCu{sub 2}-type structure have been synthesized. The R to transition metal atom ratio is confirmed to be 1:3 using the energy dispersive spectroscopy. The structural and magnetic properties have been investigated by various experimental methods. The x-ray diffraction patterns (XRD) can be well indexed with a cubic Laves cell and space group Fd3m. The refinement results of the XRD patterns show the presence of vacancies in the crystallographic structure. The ordering temperatures T{sub C} have been derived to be 131, 94, 75, and 50 K for R=Tb, Dy, Ho and Er, respectively, which are much higher than those of their corresponding RNi{sub 2} and RMn{sub 2} compounds. A large difference of M-T curves between zero-field-cooling and field-cooling magnetization for all samples at a certain temperature range is observed in a low field, which can be understood in the terms of narrow-domain-wall pinning and a sensitive temperature dependence of coercivity.

  2. Rare-earth transition-metal chalcogenides Ln{sub 3}MGaS{sub 7} (Ln=Nd, Sm, Dy, Er; M=Co, Ni) and Ln{sub 3}MGaSe{sub 7} (Ln=Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy, M=Co; Ln=Nd, Gd, Dy, M=Ni)

    SciTech Connect

    Yin, Wenlong; Shi, Youguo; Kang, Bin; Deng, Jianguo; Yao, Jiyong; Wu, Yicheng

    2014-05-01

    Fifteen new rare-earth transition-metal chalcogenides, Ln{sub 3}MGaS{sub 7} (Ln=Nd, Sm, Dy, Er; M=Co, Ni) and Ln{sub 3}MGaSe{sub 7} (Ln=Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy, M=Co; Ln=Nd, Gd, Dy, M=Ni), have been synthesized by solid state reactions. They are isostructural, adopt Ce{sub 3}Al{sub 1.67}S{sub 7}—related structure type, and crystallize in the non-centrosymmetric hexagonal space group P6{sub 3}. They adopt a three-dimensional framework composed of LnQ{sub 7} monocapped trigonal prisms with the interesting [MQ{sub 3}]{sup 4?} chains and isolated GaQ{sub 4} tetrahedra lying in two sets of channels in the framework. The magnetic susceptibility measurements on Ln{sub 3}CoGaQ{sub 7} (Ln=Dy, Er, Q=S; Ln=Dy, Q=Se) indicate that they are paramagnetic and obey the Curie–Weiss law over the entire experimental temperature, while the magnetic susceptibility of Sm{sub 3}CoGaSe{sub 7} deviates from the Curie–Weiss law as a result of the crystal field splitting. - Graphical abstract: Ln{sub 3}MGaS{sub 7} (Ln=Nd, Sm, Dy, Er; M=Co, Ni) and Ln{sub 3}MGaSe{sub 7} (Ln=Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy, M=Co; Ln=Nd, Gd, Dy, M=Ni) adopt a three-dimensional framework composed of LnQ{sub 7} monocapped trigonal prisms with interesting [MQ{sub 3}]{sup 4?} chains and isolated GaQ{sub 4} tetrahedra lying in two sets of channels in the framework. - Highlights: • New compounds, Ln{sub 3}MGaQ{sub 7} (Ln=rare-earth; M=Co, Ni; Q=S, Se), were synthesized. • They are isostructural and crystallize in the noncentrosymmetric space group P6{sub 3}. • They adopt a three-dimensional framework built by LnQ{sub 7} monocapped trigonal prisms. • Ln{sub 3}CoGaQ{sub 7} (Ln=Dy, Er; Q=S, Se) are paramagnetic and obey the Curie–Weiss law. • The magnetic susceptibility of Sm{sub 3}CoGaSe{sub 7} deviates from the Curie–Weiss law.

  3. Separating Ag, B, Cd, Dy, Eu, and Sm in a Gd matrix using 2-ethylhexyl phosphonic acid mono-2-ethylhexyl ester extraction chromatography for ICP-AES analysis.

    PubMed

    Choi, Kwang-Soon; Lee, Chang-Heon; Kim, Jong-Goo; Kim, Won-Ho; Kang, Jun-Gill

    2007-02-15

    The separation procedure for Ag, B, Cd, Dy, Eu and Sm as impurities in Gd matrix using ICP-AES technique with an extraction chromatographic column has been developed. The spectral interference of the Gd matrix on the elements was eliminated using a chromatography technique with 2-ethylhexyl phosphonic acid mono-2-ethylhexyl ester (PC-88A) as the mobile phase and XAD-16 resin as the stationary phase. Ag(+), B(4)O(7)(2-), and Cd(2+) were eluted with 0.1M HNO(3), while rare earth ions were not. The best eluent for separating Eu and Sm in the Gd matrix was 0.3M HNO(3). The limit of quantitation for these elements was 0.6-3.0ng mL(-1). The recovery of Ag, B, and Cd was 90-104% using 0.1M HNO(3) as the eluent, while that of Eu, Gd, and Sm ranged from 100 to 102% with 0.3M HNO(3). Dy was recovered quantitatively with 4M HNO(3). The relative standard deviation of the methods for a set of three replicates was between 1.0 and 15.4% for the synthetic and standard Gd solutions. The proposed separation procedure was used to measure Ag, B, Cd, Dy, Eu, and Sm in a standard Gd solution. PMID:19071357

  4. "White" phosphor on the basis of Gd2(MoO4)3: Tm,Tb,Eu single crystal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sinitsyn, V. V.; Redkin, B. S.; Kiselev, A. P.; Shmurak, S. Z.; Kolesnikov, N. N.; Kveder, V. V.; Ponyatovsky, E. G.

    2015-08-01

    A single-crystal sample of Gd2(MoO4)3 simultaneously doped with europium, terbium and thulium is grown. The Tm, Tb and Eu dopants are employed as the luminescent centers emitting light in the red, green and blue ranges. Spectroscopy investigation reveals that simultaneous luminescence of the centers of all three types to produce white light occurs only under the sample excitation with ultraviolet (UV) light within the wavelength range 350 < ? < 370 nm. A commercial UV light-emitting diode (LED) with ?LED = 365 nm is applied in order to show that the Gd2(MoO4)3:Tm,Tb,Eu crystal converts its UV flux into white light. So, it is demonstrated that white light may be produced using one matrix with luminous centers of three types.

  5. Electrical resistivity of pyrochlore compounds R2Mo2O7 (R = Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Y)

    SciTech Connect

    Greedan, J.E.; Sato, M.; Ali, N.; Datars, W.R.

    1987-06-01

    The electrical resistivity of R2Mo2O7 (R = Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Y) pyrochlores was measured in the temperature range 4.2 to 300 K. Metallic behavior is observed for Nd2Mo2O7, Sm2Mo2O7, and Gd2Mo2O7 which have relatively high magnetic ordering temperatures due to ferromagnetism on the molybdenum sublattice. A clear drop in resistivity is observed near the magnetic ordering point for all metallic materials. A resistance minimum observed at low temperatures, which may be due to the magnetic ordering of the rare earth sublattice, is not completely understood. Tb2Mo2O7 and Y2Mo2O7, which show no molybdenum sublattice ordering down to 4.2 K, are semiconductors. However, the temperature dependence of the resistivity is not exponential. This unusual resistivity behavior is typical of degenerate semiconductors.

  6. Soft-chemical synthesis and tunable luminescence of Tb3+, Tm3+/Dy(3+)-doped SrY2O4 phosphors for field emission displays.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yang; Geng, Dongling; Shang, Mengmeng; Zhang, Xiao; Li, Xuejiao; Cheng, Ziyong; Lian, Hongzhou; Lin, Jun

    2013-04-14

    Tb(3+), Tm(3+), and Dy(3+)-activated SrY2O4 phosphors have been prepared via Pechini-type sol-gel method. X-Ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), photoluminescence (PL) and lifetimes, as well as cathodoluminescence (CL) spectra were used to characterize the samples. Under low-voltage electron beam excitation, the Tb(3+)-doped samples show a green luminescence, with a better CIE coordinates and higher emission intensity than the commercial product ZnO: Zn. Blue and yellow emissions could be obtained by doping with Tm(3+) and Dy(3+), respectively. A color-tunable emission in SrY2O4 phosphors can be realized by co-doping with Tm(3+) and Dy(3+). White cathodoluminescence (CL) has been realized in a single-phase SrY2O4 host by co-doping with Tm(3+) and Dy(3+) for the first time with CIE (0.315, 0.333). Furthermore, the cathodoluminescence (CL) properties of SrY2O4: Tb(3+)/Tm(3+)/Dy(3+) phosphors including the dependence of CL intensity on accelerating voltage and filament current, the decay behaviour of CL intensity under electron bombardment, and the stability of CIE chromaticity coordinate have been investigated in detail. The as-prepared phosphors might be promising for use in field-emission display (FED) devices. PMID:23299830

  7. The structure, magnetostriction, and hysteresis of (Tb0.3Dy0.7Fe1.9)1-x(Tb0.15Ho0.85Fe1.9)x alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Bowen; Lv, Yan; Li, Guolu; Huang, Wenmei; Weng, Ling; Cui, Baozhi

    2015-05-01

    The (Tb0.3Dy0.7Fe1.9)1-x(Tb0.15Ho0.85Fe1.9)x alloys were prepared in an arc furnace under high purity argon. The as-cast samples wrapped in Mo foil were sealed in a silica tube filled with high purity argon and were homogenized at 1000 °C for 1 day and at 950 °C for 5 days. Then, the homogenized specimens with 5 mm in diameter and 8 mm in length were annealed under the magnetic field of 320 kA/m. The static measurement of magnetostriction (?//, ??) was made by standard strain gauge, and the magnetization M was measured by a vibrating sample magnetometer. It is found that the main phase of annealed (Tb0.3Dy0.7Fe1.9)1-x(Tb0.15Ho0.85Fe1.9)x alloys is the (Tb,Dy,Ho)Fe2 phase with the MgCu2-type structure. The magnetostriction ?// and magnetization M of (Tb0.3Dy0.7Fe1.9)1-x(Tb0.15Ho0.85Fe1.9)x alloys increases with increasing x from x = 0.1 to x = 0.3 when H < 240 kA/m. The hysteresis becomes small with increasing x when x ? 0.3. For magnetically annealed rod alloys, the magnetostriction markedly increases and reaches 1080 × 10-6 for x = 0.3 when H = 240 kA/m.

  8. Microwave solid state synthesis and luminescence properties of green-emitting Gd2O2S:Tb3+ phosphor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Can; Xia, Zhiguo; Liu, Quanlin

    2015-04-01

    Gd2-xO2S:xTb3+ phosphors were prepared by the microwave solid state method, and its phase formation and morphologies were studied by the X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) techniques. The photoluminescence (PL) properties, cathodoluminescence (CL) properties and PL thermal stability of the samples were investigated, which indicated that better luminescence properties can be obtained via the microwave method compared to the conventional high temperature solid-state method. The composition-optimized Gd1.85O2S:15%Tb3+ exhibited strong green emission peaking at 546 nm upon excitation at 254 nm with the CIE coordinates of (0.238, 0.382). Different electric voltage and current dependent CL spectra investigations of Gd1.85O2S:15%Tb3+ phosphor shows similar green spectral profile as PL emission and it also demonstrates the good luminescence stability suggesting its potential application as green emission component in cathode ray tube (CRT).

  9. An ultrasmall and metabolizable PEGylated NaGdF4:Dy nanoprobe for high-performance T(1)/T(2)-weighted MR and CT multimodal imaging.

    PubMed

    Jin, Xiaoying; Fang, Fang; Liu, Jianhua; Jiang, Chunhuan; Han, Xueli; Song, Zhongkai; Chen, Jinxing; Sun, Guoying; Lei, Hao; Lu, Lehui

    2015-10-14

    Lanthanide-based multimodal probes with high sensitivity, simple synthesis strategy, and good biocompatibility promise new applications for clinical diagnosis. However, today's challenge is not only to develop high-performance multimodal probes for more accurate and reliable diagnosis, but also to understand the fate of these probes in vivo. In this context, a novel PEGylated Dy-doped NaGdF4 nanoprobe (PEG-NaGdF4:Dy) was designed and fabricated as a T1/T2-weighted MRI/CT imaging agent. This nanoprobe has a distinct longitudinal relaxivity (r1 = 5.17 mM(-1) s(-1)), relatively high transverse relaxivity (r2 = 10.64 mM(-1) s(-1)), and exhibits strong X-ray attenuation properties (44.70 HU L g(-1)) in vitro. Furthermore, T1/T2-weighted MRI/CT imaging in vivo confirmed that this PEG-NaGdF4:Dy nanoprobe could lead to a significant contrast enhancement effect on liver, spleen and kidney at 24 h post injection. The MTT assay, histological analysis, and biodistribution investigation demonstrated that this multifunctional nanoprobe possessed relatively low cytotoxicity, negligible tissue damage and could be completely excreted out of the body of mice as time prolonged. Therefore, the present PEG-NaGdF4:Dy nanoprobe has the potential for the development of multifunctional T1/T2-weighted MRI/CT imaging to provide more comprehensive and accurate diagnosis information. PMID:26350491

  10. Couples Magnetic and Structural Transitions in High-Purity Dy and Gd5SbxGe4-x

    SciTech Connect

    Alexander S. Chernyshov

    2006-08-09

    Magnetic materials exhibiting magnetic phase transitions simultaneously with structural rearrangements of their crystal lattices hold a promise for numerous applications including magnetic refrigeration, magnetomechanical devices and sensors. We undertook a detailed study of a single crystal of dysprosium metal, which is a classical example of a system where magnetic and crystallographic sublattices can be either coupled or decoupled from one another. Magnetocaloric effect, magnetization, ac magnetic susceptibility, and heat capacity of high purity single crystals of dysprosium have been investigated over broad temperature and magnetic field intervals with the magnetic field vector parallel to either the a- or c-axes of the crystal. Notable differences in the behavior of the physical properties when compared to Dy samples studied in the past have been observed between 110 K and 125 K, and between 178 K and {approx}210 K. A plausible mechanism based on the formation of antiferromagnetic clusters in the impure Dy has been suggested in order to explain the reduction of the magnetocaloric effect in the vicinity of the Neel point. Experimental and theoretical investigations of the influence of commensurability effects on the magnetic phase diagram and the value of the magnetocaloric effect have been conducted. The presence of newly found anomalies in the physical properties has been considered as evidence of previously unreported states of Dy. The refined magnetic phase diagram of dysprosium with the magnetic field vector parallel to the a-axis of a crystal has been constructed and discussed. The magnetic and crystallographic properties of Gd{sub 5}Sb{sub x}Ge{sub 4-x} pseudo-binary system were studied by x-ray diffraction (at room temperature), heat capacity, ac-magnetic susceptibility, and magnetization in the temperature interval 5-320 K in magnetic fields up to 100 kOe. The magnetic properties of three composition (x = 0.5, 1,2) were examined in detail. The Gd{sub 5}Sb{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} compound that adopts Tm{sub 5}Sb{sub 2}Si{sub 2}-type of structure (space group is Cmca), shows a second order FM-PM transition at 200 K, whereas Gd{sub 5}Sb{sub x}Ge{sub 4-x} compounds for x = 0.5 and x = 1 (Sm{sub 5}Ge{sub 4}-type of structure, space group is Pnma) exhibit first order phase transformations at 45 K and 37 K, respectively.

  11. Host-sensitized luminescence in LaNbO4:Ln(3+) (Ln(3+) = Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)) with different emission colors.

    PubMed

    Li, Kai; Zhang, Yang; Li, Xuejiao; Shang, Mengmeng; Lian, Hongzhou; Lin, Jun

    2015-02-14

    In this work, a series of Eu(3+), Tb(3+), and Dy(3+) singly-doped and co-doped LaNbO4 (LNO) phosphors have been synthesized by a high-temperature solid-state reaction route. X-ray diffraction (XRD) along with Rietveld refinement, diffuse reflection spectra, photoluminescence (PL) and cathodoluminescence (CL) properties, decay lifetimes, and PL quantum yields (QYs) were exploited to characterize the phosphors. Under UV excitation, energy transfer process from the host to the activators exists in the singly-doped samples, which leads to tunable emission color from blue to red for LNO:Eu(3+), green for LNO:Tb(3+), and yellow including white for LNO:Dy(3+). In Eu(3+) and Tb(3+) co-doped phosphors, LNO:Eu(3+), Tb(3+), the energy transfers from the host to the activators and Tb(3+) to Eu(3+) ions have also been deduced from the PL spectra, resulting in tunable emission color from green to red by adjusting the concentration ratio of Eu(3+) and Tb(3+) ions. The decay times monitored at host emission and Tb(3+) emission confirm the existence of energy transfer in the as-prepared samples. The best quantum efficiency can reach 43.2% for LNO:0.01Tb(3+) among all the as-prepared phosphors. In addition, the CL spectra of LNO:Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+) are a little different from their PL spectra because another emission envelope around 530 nm appears in the samples, which is attributed to the bombardment of higher energy excitation source of low-voltage electron beam. However, the characteristic emissions similar to PL spectra were reserved. Moreover, the CL spectrum of LNO:0.02Tb(3+) has stronger emission intensity than that of ZnO:Zn commercial product. These results from the PL and CL properties of LNO:Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+) suggest their potential in solid-state lighting and display fields. PMID:25573075

  12. Magnetostriction and torque response of Tb0.5Dy0.5Fe2/Fe composites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pinkerton, F. E.; Herbst, J. F.; Meyer, M. S.

    2000-06-01

    Equivolume composites of melt-spun Tb0.5Dy0.5Fe2 in an Fe matrix have been consolidated by hot pressing over a range of temperatures. We find that both the magnetic field dependence of the magnetostriction ?(H) and the torque response R? of these materials in a sensor configuration depend strongly on the consolidation temperature. As the hot press temperature increases, ?(H) becomes sharper, generating higher strains at lower applied fields, higher values of the maximum slope d?/dH, and more nearly saturated ?(H) at the maximum applied field of 19 kOe. These changes in magnetostriction are closely correlated with the observed response of the composites in a torque test. For a composite hot pressed at 755 °C we observe R?=6.3 G/100 ppm, a value which is twice that obtained for material consolidated at 550 °C and nearly a factor of three greater than the response of maraging steel.

  13. Modulating the magnetic properties by structural modification in a family of Co-Ln (Ln = Gd, Dy) molecular aggregates.

    PubMed

    Sheikh, Javeed Ahmad; Goswami, Soumyabrata; Konar, Sanjit

    2014-10-21

    Two types of heterometallic aggregates of the general formula [(Co(II))3(Co(III))2Ln3(?3-OH)5(O2C(t)Bu)12(L)2]·2H2O (Ln = Gd(III) (), Dy(III) ()) and [(Co(III))3Ln3(?3-OH)4(O2C(t)Bu)6(L)3](NO3)2·2CH3CN·2H2O (Ln = Gd(III) (), Dy(III) ()) were successfully isolated in reactions with [Co2(?-OH2)(O2C(t)Bu)4]·(HO2C(t)Bu)4, Ln(NO3)3 and n-N-butyldiethanolamine (H2L) under ambient conditions by a change in the stoichiometry of the reactants from 1?:?1?:?1 to 1?:?1?:?2 in order. Bond Valence Sum (BVS) calculations and bond lengths indicate the presence of mixed valent Co (Co(II), Co(III)) centres in compounds and and only Co(III) centres in and as required for the charge balances and supported by the magnetic measurements. Isostructural crab shaped complexes and feature distorted cubane cores that edge share to each other whereas the metallic core of or displays hemicubane like arrangement of metal centres and oxygen atoms. Overall structural symmetry was found to enhance on moving from the former to the latter series of complexes. Magnetic studies reveal significant magnetic entropy changes for complexes and (-?Sm = 21.57 and 19.39 J kg(-1) K(-1)) and single molecular magnetic behaviour for and . PMID:25135438

  14. Structural Transition and Enhanced Ferromagnetic Properties of La, Nd, Gd, and Dy-Doped BiFeO3 Ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Ashwini; Varshney, Dinesh

    2015-11-01

    The structural, electrical, and magnetic properties of rare-earth-doped Bi0.8 RE0.2FeO3 ceramics (rare-earth (RE) = La, Nd, Gd, and Dy) synthesized by solid-state reaction are reported and discussed. The x-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns of Bi0.8La0.2FeO3 and Bi0.8Nd0.2FeO3 were indexed to rhombohedral ( R3 c) and triclinic ( P1) structures, respectively. Rietveld refinement of the XRD pattern of Bi0.8Dy0.2FeO3 confirmed its biphasic nature ( Pnma + R3 c space groups) whereas for Bi0.8Gd0.2FeO3 the orthorhombic phase with Pna21 symmetry made a major contribution, with minor contributions from the orthorhombic ( Pnma) and rhombohedral ( R3 c) phases. Raman spectroscopy revealed changes in BiFeO3 mode positions, in addition to structural changes, on RE ion substitution. The effect of RE ion substitution on dielectric constant and loss tangent were studied at room temperature in a wide range of frequency, 50 Hz-1 MHz. Room temperature magnetization-magnetic field ( M- H) measurements indicated that magnetization increased with increasing structural distortion and with partial destruction of the spin cycloid as a result of doping of BiFeO3 ceramics with rare earth ions. These compounds, with improved remnant magnetization and coercive field, are suitable for use in spin-based electronic devices.

  15. Optical and magneto-optical properties of single crystals of RFe{sub 2} (R = Gd, Tb, Ho, and Lu) and GdCo{sub 2} intermetallic compounds

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, S.J.

    1999-02-12

    The author has studied the diagonal and off-diagonal optical conductivity of RFe{sub 2}(R = Gd, Tb, Ho, Lu) and GdCo{sub 2} single crystals grown by the flux method. Using spectroscopic ellipsometry the author has measured the dielectric function from 1.5 to 5.5 eV. The magneto-optical Kerr spectrometer at temperatures between 7 and 295 K and applied magnetic fields between 0.5 to 1.6 T. The apparatus and calibration method are described in detail. Using magneto-optical data and optical constants he derives the experimental value of the off-diagonal conductivity components. Theoretical calculations of optical conductivities and magneto-optical parameters were performed using the tight binding-linear muffin tin orbitals method within the local spin density approximation. He applied this TB-LMTO method to LuFe{sub 2}. The theoretical results obtained agree well with the experimental data. The oxidation effects on the diagonal part of the optical conductivity were considered using a three-phase model. The oxidation effects on the magneto-optical parameters were also considered by treating the oxide layer as a nonmagnetic thin transparent layer. These corrections change not only the magnitude but also the shape of the optical conductivity and the magneto-optical parameters.

  16. Synthesis and photoluminescence characteristics of Ln3+ (Ln = Sm, Er and Dy)-doped BaGd2(MoO4)4 phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deng, Yaomin; Yi, Shuangping; Wang, Yinhai; Xian, Jieqiang

    2014-06-01

    BaGd2(MoO4)4 phosphor powders activated with the trivalent rare-earth Ln3+ (Ln = Sm, Er and Dy) were synthesized by a traditional high temperature solid-state reaction. The resulted phosphors were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. XRD results demonstrate that Ln3+-doped samples can be well indexed to the pure monoclinic scheelite-type structure BaGd2(MoO4)4. The photoluminescence investigations revealed that the phosphors exhibit apparent characteristic emissions from the 4G5/2 to 6H5/2, 7/2, 9/2 state for Sm3+, 2H11/2 and 4S3/2 state to the 4I15/2 ground state for Er3+, 4I15/2, 4F9/2 to 6H15/2 and 4F9/2 to 6H13/2 for Dy3+ under near ultraviolet excitation. BaGd1.95(MoO4)4:0.05Sm3+, BaGd1.93(MoO4)4:0.07Er3+ and BaGd1.90(MoO4)4:0.10Dy3+ emit bright orange-red, green and white light with the CIE coordinates of (0.5381, 0.4544), (0.2307, 0.6096) and (0.3314, 0.3853) respectively. The sharp emission peaks and excellent luminescence properties show that BaGd2(MoO4)4 is a suitable host for rare earth doped phosphors, which may be potentially applied in the applications of the optical materials.

  17. The hydration properties of Gd(III) and Tb(III): An ab initio quantum mechanical molecular dynamics study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Canaval, Lorenz R.; Passler, Peter P.; Rode, Bernd M.

    2015-04-01

    The quantum mechanical charge-field molecular dynamics (QMCF-MD) simulation method was employed to study the hydration properties of gadolinium(III) and terbium(III). Slight differences of the solvation shells' structural and dynamical properties were discovered. While the Lnsbnd O radial distribution functions are in excellent agreement with recent experiments, average coordination numbers of 8.5 (Gd) and 8.4 (Tb) were found. Vivid ligand exchange dynamics along with rapid intrashell rearrangements were observed, underlined by mean residence times in the picosecond range, which is characteristic for trivalent lanthanoides according to quantum mechanical simulations. Vibrational analysis yielded ion-water force constants below 100 N m-1.

  18. Photoluminescence and thermoluminescence properties of Tb{sup 3+} doped K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} nanophosphor

    SciTech Connect

    Gupta, Palvi; Bedyal, A.K.; Kumar, Vinay; Khajuria, Y.; Lochab, S.P.; Pitale, S.S.; Ntwaeaborwa, O.M.; Swart, H.C.

    2014-12-15

    Energy level diagram of Tb{sup 3+} ion in the K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} host lattice. - Highlights: • First time, a detailed TL and PL study on undoped and Tb{sup 3+} doped K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} nanophosphor. • Combustion method was employed to synthesize the Tb{sup 3+} doped K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} nanophosphor. • Mechanism of excitation and emission in undoped and Tb{sup 3+} doped K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} nanophosphor was given. - Abstract: Tb{sup 3+} doped nanoparticulate K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} phosphor was prepared by combustion method using urea as a fuel. The structure, optical and luminescent properties of the phosphor were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL), and thermoluminescence (TL) spectroscopy. In undoped K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}, the excitation and emission peaks at 273 nm and 323 nm belongs to the {sup 8}S{sub 7/2} ? {sup 6}I{sub J(J=7/2)} and {sup 6}P{sub J(J=7/2)} ? {sup 8} S{sub 7/2} transitions of Gd{sup 3+} while green emission was observed in the Tb{sup 3+} doped K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}. TL study was carried out after exposing the samples to ?-radiations (0.1–5 kGy) in the K{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Tb{sup 3+} (1.5 mol%). The calculated kinetic parameters were compared with different methods. The band gap of the phosphor was estimated as 5.80 eV. The green shade of the Tb{sup 3+} ion with the CIE coordinates (x, y) as (0.29, 0.54) was in good agreement with the well known green phosphors.

  19. The lanthanoid(III) chloride cyclo-tetrasilicates M{sub 6}Cl{sub 10}[Si{sub 4}O{sub 12}] (M=Sm, Gd-Dy): Synthesis, structure and IR investigations

    SciTech Connect

    Hartenbach, Ingo . E-mail: hartenbach@iac.uni-stuttgart.de; Jagiella, Stefan; Schleid, Thomas . E-mail: schleid@iac.uni-stuttgart.de

    2006-08-15

    The chloride derivatized lanthanoid(III) cyclo-tetrasilicates of the composition M{sub 6}Cl{sub 10}[Si{sub 4}O{sub 12}] (M=Sm, Gd-Dy) crystallize monoclinically in space group C2/m (a=1062-1065, b=1036-1052, c=1163-1187pm, {beta}{approx}103{sup o}, Z=2). They are obtained by the reaction of the sesquioxides M{sub 2}O{sub 3} (or the combination of Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7} and Tb in 3:2-molar ratio for the terbium case), the corresponding trichlorides MCl{sub 3}, and SiO{sub 2} (silica gel) in stoichiometric ratios with double the amount of MCl{sub 3} as flux in evacuated silica tubes (7d at 850deg. C) as transparent, pseudo-octagonal, pillar-shaped single crystals with the colour of the respective lanthanoid trication M{sup 3+}. Their crystal structure can be considered as a layered arrangement in which cationic {sub {approx}}{sup 2}{l_brace}[(M2){sub 5}Cl{sub 9}]{sup 6+}{r_brace} layers are alternatingly piled with anionic ones of the kind {sub {approx}}{sup 2}{l_brace}[(M1)Cl[Si{sub 4}O{sub 12}

  20. An ultrasmall and metabolizable PEGylated NaGdF4:Dy nanoprobe for high-performance T1/T2-weighted MR and CT multimodal imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, Xiaoying; Fang, Fang; Liu, Jianhua; Jiang, Chunhuan; Han, Xueli; Song, Zhongkai; Chen, Jinxing; Sun, Guoying; Lei, Hao; Lu, Lehui

    2015-09-01

    Lanthanide-based multimodal probes with high sensitivity, simple synthesis strategy, and good biocompatibility promise new applications for clinical diagnosis. However, today's challenge is not only to develop high-performance multimodal probes for more accurate and reliable diagnosis, but also to understand the fate of these probes in vivo. In this context, a novel PEGylated Dy-doped NaGdF4 nanoprobe (PEG-NaGdF4:Dy) was designed and fabricated as a T1/T2-weighted MRI/CT imaging agent. This nanoprobe has a distinct longitudinal relaxivity (r1 = 5.17 mM-1 s-1), relatively high transverse relaxivity (r2 = 10.64 mM-1 s-1), and exhibits strong X-ray attenuation properties (44.70 HU L g-1) in vitro. Furthermore, T1/T2-weighted MRI/CT imaging in vivo confirmed that this PEG-NaGdF4:Dy nanoprobe could lead to a significant contrast enhancement effect on liver, spleen and kidney at 24 h post injection. The MTT assay, histological analysis, and biodistribution investigation demonstrated that this multifunctional nanoprobe possessed relatively low cytotoxicity, negligible tissue damage and could be completely excreted out of the body of mice as time prolonged. Therefore, the present PEG-NaGdF4:Dy nanoprobe has the potential for the development of multifunctional T1/T2-weighted MRI/CT imaging to provide more comprehensive and accurate diagnosis information.Lanthanide-based multimodal probes with high sensitivity, simple synthesis strategy, and good biocompatibility promise new applications for clinical diagnosis. However, today's challenge is not only to develop high-performance multimodal probes for more accurate and reliable diagnosis, but also to understand the fate of these probes in vivo. In this context, a novel PEGylated Dy-doped NaGdF4 nanoprobe (PEG-NaGdF4:Dy) was designed and fabricated as a T1/T2-weighted MRI/CT imaging agent. This nanoprobe has a distinct longitudinal relaxivity (r1 = 5.17 mM-1 s-1), relatively high transverse relaxivity (r2 = 10.64 mM-1 s-1), and exhibits strong X-ray attenuation properties (44.70 HU L g-1) in vitro. Furthermore, T1/T2-weighted MRI/CT imaging in vivo confirmed that this PEG-NaGdF4:Dy nanoprobe could lead to a significant contrast enhancement effect on liver, spleen and kidney at 24 h post injection. The MTT assay, histological analysis, and biodistribution investigation demonstrated that this multifunctional nanoprobe possessed relatively low cytotoxicity, negligible tissue damage and could be completely excreted out of the body of mice as time prolonged. Therefore, the present PEG-NaGdF4:Dy nanoprobe has the potential for the development of multifunctional T1/T2-weighted MRI/CT imaging to provide more comprehensive and accurate diagnosis information. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available. See DOI: 10.1039/c5nr04065e

  1. One-dimensional GdVO{sub 4}:Ln{sup 3+} (Ln=Eu, Dy, Sm) nanofibers: Electrospinning preparation and luminescence properties

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Xue; Yu, Min; Hou, Zhiyao; Li, Guogang; Ma, Ping'an; Wang, Wenxin; Cheng, Ziyong; Lin, Jun

    2011-01-15

    One-dimensional GdVO{sub 4}:Ln{sup 3+} (Ln=Eu, Dy, Sm) nanofibers have been prepared by a combination method of sol-gel process and electrospinning technology. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), photoluminescence (PL), quantum efficiency (QE), and cathodoluminescence (CL) spectra as well as kinetic decays were used to characterize the samples. The XRD, FT-IR, and TG-DTA results show that GdVO{sub 4}:Ln{sup 3+} nanofibers samples crystallize at 700 {sup o}C. SEM images indicate that the as prepared precursor fibers are smooth. After being calcined at 700 {sup o}C for 4 h, the fibers still maintain their fiberlike morphology with rough surface. TEM image further manifests that the GdVO{sub 4}:Ln{sup 3+} nanofibers consist of nanoparticles. Under ultraviolet excitation and low-voltage electron beam excitation, GdVO{sub 4}:Ln{sup 3+} phosphors showed their strong characteristic emission due to an efficient energy transfer from vanadate groups to dopants. The optimum doping concentration of Ln{sup 3+} in the GdVO{sub 4} nanofibers also has been investigated. -- Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Research Highlights: {yields}1D and Q-1D GdVO{sub 4} fiber-like nanostructures were prepared electrospinning technique. {yields}Under ultraviolet excitation and electron beam excitation, the Ln{sup 3+} ions show their characteristic emissions, respectively. {yields}The quantum efficiencies are 14 (Eu{sup 3+}), 6 (Dy{sup 3+}), and 5 % (Sm{sup 3+}) in GdVO{sub 4}, respectively.

  2. Syntheses, crystal structures and vibrational spectra of K Ln(SO 4) 2·H 2O ( Ln=La, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kazmierczak, Karolina; Höppe, Henning A.

    2010-09-01

    The potassium lanthanide double sulphates K Ln(SO 4) 2·H 2O ( Ln=La, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy) were obtained by evaporation of aqueous reaction mixtures of rare earth (III) sulphates and potassium thiocyanate at 298 K. X-ray single-crystal investigations show that K Ln(SO 4) 2·H 2O ( Ln=Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy) crystallise monoclinically ( Ln=Sm: P2 1/ c, Z=4, a=10.047(1), b=8.4555(1), c=10.349(1) Å, w R2=0.060, R1=0.024, 945 reflections, 125 parameters) while KLa(SO 4) 2·H 2O adopts space group P3 221 (Z=3, a=7.1490(5), c=13.2439(12) Å, w R2=0.038, R1=0.017, 695 reflections, 65 parameters). The coordination environment of the lanthanide ions in K Ln(SO 4) 2·H 2O is different in the case of the Nd/Sm/Gd and the Eu/Dy compounds, respectively. In the first case the Ln atoms are nine-fold coordinated in contrast to the latter where the Ln ions are eight-fold coordinated by oxygen atoms. The vibrational spectra of K Ln(SO 4) 2·H 2O and the UV-vis reflection spectra of KEu(SO 4) 2·H 2O and KNd(SO 4) 2·H 2O are also reported.

  3. Optical properties and chemical composition analyses of mixed rare earth oxyorthosilicate (R2SiO5, R=La, Gd and Y) doped Dy3+ phosphors prepared by urea-assisted solution combustion method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ogugua, S. N.; Shaat, S. K. K.; Swart, H. C.; Ntwaeaborwa, O. M.

    2015-08-01

    Dysprosium (Dy3+) doped lanthanum gadolinium oxyorthosilicate (LaGdSiO5), lanthanum yttrium oxyorthosilicate (LaYSiO5) and gadolinium yttrium oxyorthosilicate (GdYSiO5) phosphors (in powder form) were synthesized by urea-assisted combustion method. The X-ray diffractometer analysis confirmed that the LaGdSiO5, LaYSiO5 and GdYSiO5 crystalized in monoclinic phases. The chemical composition of the phosphors was analyzed by measuring the atomic and molecular ionic species using the time of flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy (ToF SIMS). In addition, ToF SIMS imaging technique was used to determine the distribution of the Dy3+ dopant ions on the surface on the phosphors. The average crystallite sizes and lattice strains of the phosphor were increased by Dy3+ doping. The field emission scanning electron microscope images showed that the powders were made up of an agglomeration of particles with no regular shape. The photoluminescence data showed narrow line emission peaks at the wavelengths of 485 nm (minor emission) and 573 nm (major emission) associated with the f?f transitions of Dy3+. The photoluminescence (PL) measurements showed that the emission peak of LaGdSiO5:Dy3+ was ~3× more intense than those of LaYSiO5:Dy3+ and GdYSiO5:Dy3+ when excited using monochromatic xenon lamp with a wavelength of 241 nm. However, when the powders were excited using a 325 nm He-Cd laser, the highest PL emission intensity was observed from GdYSiO5:Dy3+.

  4. Decay of {sup 161m1,m2}Dy isomers under conditions of a resonance environment (Moessbauer Screen)

    SciTech Connect

    Loginov, Yu. E. Zinoviev, V. G.; Kabina, L. P.; Lisin, S. S.; Maljutenkov, Ed. I.

    2013-06-15

    The half-lives of the isomers {sup 161m1}Dy and {sup 161m2}Dy (E = 25.6 keV and T{sub 1/2} {approx} 30 ns for the former and E = 74.6 keV and T{sub 1/2} {approx} 3 ns for the latter) placed in a {sup 160}Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} crystal lattice at T = 300 K and surrounded by stable {sup 161}Dy nuclei in the composition of {sup 161}Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} were measured by the method of ({beta}-{gamma}) coincidences in the beta-decay process {sup 161}Tb {yields} {sup 161}Dy. Nuclei of {sup 161m1,m2}Dy were obtained according to the chain {sup 160}Gd(n, {gamma}){sup 161}Gd {yields} {sup 161}Tb {yields} {sup 161}Dy from {sup 160}Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} weighted portions irradiated at the PWR-M reactor of the Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI, Gatchina, Russia). The T{sub 1/2} value observed for the isomer {sup 161m1}Dy was found to be correlated with the number of surrounding {sup 161}Dy nuclei. The presence of this correlation in {sup 161m1}Dy can be explained by the multiple resonance scattering of photons from isomer decay within the sample used. No such correlation was observed for {sup 161m2}Dy. The half-lives measured for the isomers {sup 161m1}Dy and {sup 161m2}Dy in the absence of the above environment are 29.2(1) and 3.50(1) ns, respectively.

  5. Narrow spectral emission CaMoO{sub 4}: Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} phosphor crystals for white light emitting diodes

    SciTech Connect

    Khanna, A.; Electrical, Computer and Systems Engineering Department, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 110, 8th Street, Troy, New York, 12180 ; Dutta, P.S.

    2013-02-15

    Alkaline earth metal molybdates are promising candidates as a host material for high efficiency narrow spectral emission phosphors. These phosphors could potentially be used for the fabrication of phosphor-converted light emitting diodes (pc-LEDs). Phosphor crystals of calcium molybdate doped with rare earth dopant Ln{sup 3+}(Ln=Eu, Dy, Tb) grown using flux growth method have been shown to exhibit higher excitation efficiency than the powders synthesized by solid-state reaction process. Molybdenum (VI) oxide has been found to be a suitable flux for growing large size optically transparent high quality crystals at a temperature around 1100 Degree-Sign C. Using the excitation wavelengths of 465 nm, 454 nm and 489 nm for CaMoO{sub 4}: Eu{sup 3+}, CaMoO{sub 4}: Dy{sup 3+} and CaMoO{sub 4}: Tb{sup 3+}, respectively, intense emission lines at wavelengths of 615 nm, 575 nm and 550 nm were observed. The optimized doping concentrations of 12%, 2% and 5% for Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+}, respectively, provided the highest luminescence intensity. - Graphical Abstract: CaMoO{sub 4}: Eu{sup 3+} phosphor crystals grown using a molybdenum (VI) oxide flux exhibited around 1.5 times the emission intensity of powders obtained from solid-state reaction at the same synthesis temperature. These crystals were found to efficiently emit 615 nm red light when excited by near UV light up to a wavelength of 395 nm. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer CaMoO{sub 4}: Ln{sup 3+} (Ln=Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}) phosphor crystals were successfully grown using high temperature flux (solutions) containing molybdenum (VI) oxide or lithium chloride. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Narrow spectral emission at 615 nm, 575 nm and 550 nm, respectively, was observed from CaMoO{sub 4}: Ln{sup 3+} (Ln=Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}) phosphor crystals. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The optimized doping concentrations of Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} in CaMoO{sub 4} for highest emission intensity were determined to be 12%, 2% and 5%, respectively. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The CaMoO{sub 4}: Ln{sup 3+} (Ln=Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}) phosphor crystals grown with molybdenum (VI) oxide flux exhibited 50% higher emission intensity compared to the crystals grown with lithium chloride flux and the powders synthesized by solid-state reaction.

  6. Magnetic properties of CaCu5-type RNi3TSi (R=Gd and Tb, T=Mn, Fe, Co and Cu) compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morozkin, A. V.; Knotko, A. V.; Yapaskurt, V. O.; Yao, Jinlei; Yuan, Fang; Mozharivskyj, Y.; Nirmala, R.; Quezado, S.; Malik, S. K.

    2015-12-01

    Magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect of CaCu5-type RNi3TSi (R=Gd and Tb, T=Mn, Fe, Co and Cu) compounds have been investigated. Magnetic measurements of RNi3TSi display the increasing of Curie temperature and the decreasing of magnetocaloric effect and saturated magnetic moment in the row of 'RNi3CuSi-RNi3NiSi-RNi3CoSi-RNi3MnSi-RNi3FeSi'. In contrast to GdNi3{Mn, Fe, Co}Si, TbNi3{Mn, Fe, Co}Si exhibit significant magnetic hysteresis. The coercive field increases from TbNi4Si ( 0.5 kOe) to TbNi3CoSi (4 kOe), TbNi3MnSi (13 kOe) and TbNi3FeSi (16 kOe) in field of 50 kOe at 5 K, whereas TbNi3CuSi exhibits a negligible coercive field.

  7. Crystallographic and magnetic phase transitions in the layered ruthenium oxy-arsenides TbRuAsO and DyRuAsO

    SciTech Connect

    McGuire, Michael A; May, Andrew F; Sales, Brian C

    2012-01-01

    The crystallographic and physical properties of TbRuAsO and DyRuAsO at and below room temperature are reported, including full structure refinements from powder X-ray diffraction data and measured electrical and thermal transport properties, magnetic susceptibility, and heat capacity. Both compounds are isostructural to LaFeAsO (ZrCuSiAs-type, P4/nmm) at room temperature. However, DyRuAsO undergoes a symmetry-lowering crystallographic phase transition near 25 K, and adopts an orthorhombic structure (Pmmn) below this temperature. This structural distortion is unlike those observed in the analogous Fe compounds. Magnetic phase transitions are observed in both compounds which suggest antiferromagnetic ordering of lanthanide moments occurs near 7.0 K in TbRuAsO and 10.5 K in DyRuAsO. The nature of the structural distortion as well as thermal conductivity and heat capacity behaviors indicate strong coupling between the magnetism and the lattice. The behaviors of both materials show magnetic ordering of small moments on Ru may occur at low temperatures.

  8. Influence of structural distortions upon photoluminescence properties of Eu{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+} activated Na{sub 3}Ln(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} (Ln=Y, Gd) borates

    SciTech Connect

    Asiri Naidu, S.; Boudin, S.; Varadaraju, U.V.; Raveau, B.

    2012-06-15

    The comparative study of the structure and photoluminescence (PL) properties of the Eu{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+} activated Na{sub 3}Ln(BO{sub 3}){sub 2}, with Ln=Y, Gd, showed the important role of the host lattice structure upon PL. Higher emission intensities of Eu{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+} are observed for Na{sub 3}Gd(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} than for Na{sub 3}Y(BO{sub 3}){sub 2}, through direct Eu{sup 3+} excitation at 395 nm for Eu{sup 3+} doped borates, and through Gd{sup 3+} excitation around 280 nm for Tb{sup 3+} doped borates. This higher performance for Na{sub 3}Gd(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} is due to the less regular environment of Eu{sup 3+} (Tb{sup 3+}) in the Gd sites than in the Y sites and to energy transfer from Gd{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 3+}(Tb{sup 3+}). The smaller critical concentration in Na{sub 3}Ln{sub 1-x}Tb{sub x}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} observed for Ln=Gd, x=0.5, compared to x=0.6 for Ln=Y, is explained by shorter Ln-Ln distances (4.11 A for Gd-Gd vs. 4.59 A for Y-Y). Both Na{sub 3}Y{sub 0.4}Tb{sub 0.6}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} and Na{sub 3}Gd{sub 0.5}Tb{sub 0.5}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} show intense green emission under UV excitation. - Graphical abstract: The PL properties of Eu{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+} are studied in Na{sub 3}Ln(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} (Ln=Y, Gd) borates. Eu{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+}exhibits higher emission intensity in Na{sub 3}Gd(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} compared to Na{sub 3}Y(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} due to the less regular environment of the Gd{sup 3+} ion. Energy transfer from Gd{sup 3+} to Tb{sup 3+} is observed. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Crystal structure of Na{sub 3}Gd(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} by X-ray powder diffraction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Photoluminescence properties of Eu{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+} doped Na{sub 3}Ln(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} (Ln=Y, Gd). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Higher Eu{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+} emission for Na{sub 3}Gd(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} due to an irregular environment of Gd{sup 3+}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Higher Eu{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+} emission for Na{sub 3}Gd(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} due to energy transfer from Gd{sup 3+}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Lower Tb{sup 3+} critical concentration for Na{sub 3}Gd(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} due to short Gd{sup 3+}-Gd{sup 3+} distances.

  9. Hydrothermal synthesis, characterization and luminescent properties of GdPO{sub 4}·H{sub 2}O:Tb{sup 3+} nanorods and nanobundles

    SciTech Connect

    Song, Hejuan Zhou, Liqun Li, Ling; Hong, Fei; Luo, Xinru

    2013-12-15

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • The GdPO{sub 4}·H{sub 2}O:Tb{sup 3+} nanocrystals have been synthesized via a hydrothermal method. • The formation mechanisms of the nanorods and nanobundles were put forward. • The luminescent intensities are associated with the morphologies and sizes. - Abstract: In this paper, the Tb{sup 3+}-doped GdPO{sub 4}·H{sub 2}O nanorods and nanobundles have been synthesized by the hydrothermal method with and without glycine, respectively. The X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TG–DTA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy-dispersive spectra (EDS) and photoluminescence (PL) were employed to characterize the as-obtained products. It was found that the addition of glycine and the pH value have crucial influences on the formation of the resulting morphologies and sizes. The possible formation mechanisms for GdPO{sub 4}·H{sub 2}O:Tb{sup 3+} nanorods and nanobundles were put forward. A detailed investigation on the photoluminescence of GdPO{sub 4}·H{sub 2}O:Tb{sup 3+} different samples revealed that the luminescent properties of products are strongly correlated with the morphologies, sizes, coordination environment and crystal field symmetry.

  10. Properties of Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} nanopowders obtained by sol-gel process

    SciTech Connect

    Ramirez, A. de J. Morales; Murillo, A. Garcia; Romo, F. de J. Carrillo; Hernandez, M. Garcia; Vigueras, D. Jaramillo

    2010-01-15

    A significant practical application for nanostructured materials is X-ray medical imagery, because it is necessary to use dense materials in order to enable absorption of high energy photons. An important requirement of these materials is UV-vis range emission produced by X-ray excitation, which can be influenced by the particle size. Europium doped gadolinium oxide is a well known red phosphor. Moreover, nanophosphors of Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} codoped with Tb{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+} increase their light yield by energy transfer between Tb{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+}. In this study, Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanopowders codoped with Eu{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+} (2.5 at.% Eu{sup 3+}, and 0.005 and 0.01 at.% Tb{sup 3+}) were obtained via a sol-gel process using gadolinium pentanedionate as precursor and europium and terbium nitrates as doping sources. In this paper, we report the influence of annealing temperature on the structure, morphology and luminescent properties of Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} by means of TGA, XRD, TEM and X-ray emission measurements.

  11. Crystal growth, structures, magnetic and photoluminescent properties of NaLnGeO4 (Ln = Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yeon, Jeongho; Hardaway, John B.; Sefat, Athena S.; Latshaw, Allison M.; zur Loye, Hans-Conrad

    2014-08-01

    Single crystals of NaLnGeO4 (Ln = Sm, Eu, Gd) were grown out of a molten sodium hydroxide flux, and their crystal structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The lanthanide containing germanates crystallize in the orthorhombic space group of Pnma, and exhibit a complex three-dimensional structure consisting of corner- or edge-shared LnO6, GeO4, and NaO6 polyhedra. UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra indicated that the reported oxides are insulating materials with wide band gaps. The magnetic susceptibility data shows paramagnetic behavior. For the NaEuGeO4 and NaTbGeO4 compositions intense room temperature photoluminescence was observed.

  12. Lattice effects in multiferroic RMn2O5 (R=Sm-Dy,Y)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tachibana, Makoto; Akiyama, Keita; Kawaji, Hitoshi; Atake, Tooru

    2005-12-01

    The evolution of antiferromagnetic and ferroelectric transitions for the series of multiferroic RMn2O5 ( R=Sm , Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, and Y) has been investigated by heat capacity measurements on single crystals. Both transition temperatures increase monotonically with the decreasing size of R , which are correlated with the systematic changes in the structural parameters determined from synchrotron x-ray powder diffraction. For R=Eu , Tb, Dy, and Y, an additional transition associated with the Mn moments appears at a lower temperature, with no apparent systematic behavior as a function of the size of R .

  13. Increase in the Tb{sup 3+} green emission in SiO{sub 2}-LaF{sub 3} nano-glass-ceramics by codoping with Dy{sup 3+} ions

    SciTech Connect

    Velazquez, J. J.; Rodriguez, V. D.; Mendez-Ramos, J.; Yanes, A. C.; Castillo, J. del

    2010-12-01

    95SiO{sub 2}-5LaF{sub 3} sol-gel derived nano-glass-ceramics single doped with 0.1Dy{sup 3+} or 0.1Tb{sup 3+} mol % and codoped with 0.1Dy{sup 3+} and xTb{sup 3+} (x=0.1,0.3) mol % were successfully obtained. XRD and HRTEM measurements confirm the precipitation of LaF{sub 3} nanocrystals during the ceramming process, with mean size ranging from 10 to 20 nm and increasing with the thermal treatment temperature. About 75% of lanthanide ions are partitioned into LaF{sub 3} nanocrystals, as calculated from luminescence decays. The effect of increasing the Tb{sup 3+} concentration and also of codoping with Dy{sup 3+} in the Tb{sup 3+} green emission from the {sup 5}D{sub 4} level have been studied. The energy transfer mechanisms between Tb{sup 3+} ions and also between Tb{sup 3+}-Dy{sup 3+} ions, which favor the green emission, have been analyzed.

  14. Syntheses, crystal structures and vibrational spectra of KLn(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.H{sub 2}O (Ln=La, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy)

    SciTech Connect

    Kazmierczak, Karolina; Hoeppe, Henning A.

    2010-09-15

    The potassium lanthanide double sulphates KLn(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.H{sub 2}O (Ln=La, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy) were obtained by evaporation of aqueous reaction mixtures of rare earth (III) sulphates and potassium thiocyanate at 298 K. X-ray single-crystal investigations show that KLn(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.H{sub 2}O (Ln=Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy) crystallise monoclinically (Ln=Sm: P2{sub 1}/c, Z=4, a=10.047(1), b=8.4555(1), c=10.349(1) A, wR2=0.060, R1=0.024, 945 reflections, 125 parameters) while KLa(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.H{sub 2}O adopts space group P3{sub 2}21 (Z=3, a=7.1490(5), c=13.2439(12) A, wR2=0.038, R1=0.017, 695 reflections, 65 parameters). The coordination environment of the lanthanide ions in KLn(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.H{sub 2}O is different in the case of the Nd/Sm/Gd and the Eu/Dy compounds, respectively. In the first case the Ln atoms are nine-fold coordinated in contrast to the latter where the Ln ions are eight-fold coordinated by oxygen atoms. The vibrational spectra of KLn(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.H{sub 2}O and the UV-vis reflection spectra of KEu(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.H{sub 2}O and KNd(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.H{sub 2}O are also reported. - Graphical abstract: The lanthanide potassium double sulphates exhibit an unexpected change in the coordination mode by a simple rotation of sulphate tetrahedron 2.

  15. Construction of Ni(II)Ln(III)M(III) (Ln = Gd(III), Tb(III); M = Fe(III), Cr(III)) clusters showing slow magnetic relaxations.

    PubMed

    Chen, Chao; Liu, Yashu; Li, Ping; Zhou, Hongbo; Shen, Xiaoping

    2015-11-18

    Four heterotrimetallic 3d-3d'-4f complexes, [Ni(L)Gd(H2O)4][Cr(CN)6]CH3OH·2H2O (), [Ni(L)Tb(H2O)4][Cr(CN)6]CH3OH·2H2O (), [Ni(L)Gd(H2O)4][Fe(CN)6]·3H2O (), and [Ni(L)Tb(H2O)4][Fe(CN)6]CH3OH·2H2O () (H2L = N,N-ethylenebis(3-methoxysalicylaldiimine)), were synthesized and characterized structurally and magnetically. The X-ray structural analysis revealed that these complexes are isostructural, in which Ni(II)Ln(III)M(III) (Ln = Tb(III), Gd(III); M = Fe(III), Cr(III)) is arranged in trinuclear clusters. Then, these clusters further interact with each other via weak hydrogen bonds to form high dimensional supramolecular networks. Magnetic investigation indicates that the Ni(ii) centers are diamagnetic. Dominant antiferromagnetic coupling is presented in complexes and . An ac magnetic susceptibility measurement indicates that complexes and show typical field induced slow magnetic relaxation, which might be caused by the magnetic anisotropy of the central Tb(III) ions. PMID:26536585

  16. Magnetocaloric properties of TbN, DyN and HoN nanopowders prepared by the plasma arc discharge method.

    PubMed

    Shinde, K P; Jang, S H; Kim, J W; Kim, D S; Ranot, M; Chung, K C

    2015-12-21

    We report for the first time the synthesis of nanopowders of TbN, DyN and HoN crystallized in a cubic structure by the plasma arc discharge (PAD) method and investigate their magnetocaloric properties for magnetic refrigeration applications. The nitridization of terbium, dysprosium and holmium was obtained using a mixture of nitrogen and argon gas inside a discharge chamber with 4 kPa pressure. The structural and microstructural properties of these rare earth nitrides were investigated by using X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The studied nitrides undergo a second-order ferromagnetic to paramagnetic phase transition at Curie temperatures of 35.7, 19.9 and 14.2 K for TbN, DyN and HoN, respectively. The magnetocaloric effects were estimated by calculating the magnetic entropy changes from the magnetization data sets measured at the different applied magnetic fields and temperatures. The changes in entropy -?SM were found to be 12.0, 13.6 and 24.5 J kg(-1) K(-1) at an applied magnetic field of 5 T. PMID:26492221

  17. Synthesis, structure and luminescence studies of Eu(III), Tb(III), Sm(III), Dy(III) cationic complexes with acetylacetone and bis(5-(pyridine-2-yl)-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)propane?

    PubMed Central

    Gusev, Alexey N.; Hasegawa, Miki; Shimizu, Tomohito; Fukawa, Tomonori; Sakurai, Shoya; Nishchymenko, Galyna A.; Shul’gin, Victor F.; Meshkova, Svetlana B.; Linert, Wolfgang

    2013-01-01

    Studies concerning synthesis, structure and luminescence of eight-coordinate Eu, Tb, Sm and Dy complexes of the type [Ln(acac)2(L)]Cl (Hacac = pentanedione-2,4 and L = bis(5-(pyridine-2-yl)-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)propane) are reported in detail. The obtained complexes were investigated by various means including elemental- and thermogravimetric analysis, IR- and electron transition spectroscopy. The structure of the Tb complex was determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallography: Tb is eight-coordinate, and L acting only as a tetradentate chelate together with two bidentate acac ligands. Photophysical studies of the complexes were carried out. The Tb(III) and Eu(III) complexes show strong emissions both in solid state and solution. The intensity of the luminescence of Dy(III) and Sm(III) are relatively weak. The factors determining the intensity of the photoluminescence are discussed. PMID:24068839

  18. Magnetic order of Tb3Co2.2Si1.8 and Dy3Co2.2Si1.8 as a representative of the family of compounds with orthorhombic distortion of rare earth lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morozkin, A. V.; Isnard, O.; Nirmala, R.; Malik, S. K.

    2015-09-01

    Magnetic measurements indicate that the rare earth intermetallic compounds Tb3Co2.2Si1.8 and Dy3Co2.2Si1.8 (Dy3Co2.2Si1.8-type) exhibit ferromagnetic transition at 132 K and 74 K and a spin-reorientation transition around 42 K and 35 K, respectively. Below Curie temperature, both compounds are soft ferromagnets, whereas below the spin reorientation transition they are permanent magnets with antiferromagnetic component: the values of critical field Hc=30 kOe, coercive field Hcoer=17 kOe and residual magnetization Mres=4.1 ?B/Tb for Tb3Co2.2Si1.8 and Hc=14 kOe, Hcoer=21.5 kOe and Mres=3.7 ?B/Dy for Dy3Co2.2Si1.8 at 2 K. The magnetocaloric effect of Dy3Co2.2Si1.8 is calculated in terms of isothermal magnetic entropy change (?Sm) and it reaches a values of -16.5 J/kg K at 75 K for a field change of 140 kOe (-8.1 J/kg K at 70 K, for 0-50 kOe change) and -6.0 J/kg K for a field change of 140 kOe (-1.4 J/kg K, for 0-50 kOe change) around 40 K. Neutron diffraction study in zero applied field shows mixed ferro-antiferromagnetic ordering of Tb3Co2.2Si1.8 below ~127 K with wave vectors K0=[0, 0, 0] and K1=[±Kx, 0, 0] (Kx?3/10). Between ~127 K and 53 K the magnetic structure of Tb3Co2.2Si1.8 is set of canted ferromagnetic cones with a resulting b-axis ferromagnetic component, whereas below 43 K its magnetic structure is set of canted ferromagnetic cones with a resulting c-axis ferromagnetic component. Between 53 K and 43 K the high-temperature magnetic order of Tb3Co2.2Si1.8 transforms to the low-temperature order via an intermediate state. The level of orthorhombic distortion of the Tb-sublattice determines the magnetic ordering of Tb3Co2.2Si1.8 in the Tb?Tb3Co2.2Si1.8?Tb3Co2Ge3?TbGe sequence.

  19. Syntheses, Structure, Magnetism, and Optical Properties of the Partial Ordered Quaternary Interlanthanide Sulfides PrLnYb2S6 (Ln = Tb, Dy)

    SciTech Connect

    Booth, Corwin H; Jin, Geng Bang; Choi, Eun Sang; Guertin, Robert P.; Brooks, James S.; Bray, Travis H.; Booth, Corwin H.; Albrecht-Schmitt, Thomas E.

    2008-01-11

    Dark red single crystals of PrLnYb{sub 2}S{sub 6} (Ln = Pr/Yb, Tb, Dy) have been synthesized through the reaction of elemental rare earth metals and S using a Sb{sub 2}S{sub 3} flux at 1000 C. These isotypic compounds adopt the F-Ln{sub 2}S3 three-dimensional open channel structure type. Eight-coordinate Pr{sup 3+} ions sit in the channels, which are constructed from three different edge-shared double chains running down the b axis, which contain Yb(1)S{sub 6} octahedra, Yb(2)S{sub 6}, octahedra and LnS{sub 7} monocapped trigonal prisms, respectively. Each double chain connects to four other neighbors by sharing vertices and edges. Considerable disordering in Ln positions was observed in single X-ray diffraction experiments only in the case of Pr/Yb. Least square refinements gave rise to the formulas of Pr{sub 1.34}Yb{sub 2.66}S{sub 6}, of PrTbYb{sub 2}S{sub 6}, and PrDyYb{sub 2}S{sub 6}, which are confirmed by the elemental analysis and magnetic susceptibility measurements. Pr1.34Yb2.66S{sub 6}, PrTbYb{sub 2}S{sub 6} and PrDyYb{sub 2}S{sub 6} are paramagnetic down to 2 K without any indications of long range magnetic ordering. The optical transitions for Pr{sub 1.34}Yb{sub 2.66}S{sub 6}, PrTbYb{sub 2}S{sub 6}, and PrDyYb{sub 2}S{sub 6} are at approximately 1.6 eV. Crystallographic data: Pr{sub 1.34}Yb{sub 2.66}S{sub 6}, monoclinic, space group P2{sub 1}/m, a = 10.960(2), b = 3.9501(8), c = 11.220(2) {angstrom}, {beta} = 108.545(3), V = 460.54(16), Z = 2; PrTbYb{sub 2}S{sub 6}, monoclinic, space group P2{sub 1}/m, a = 10.9496(10), b = 3.9429(4), c = 11.2206(10) {angstrom}, {beta} = 108.525(2), V = 459.33(7), Z = 2; PrDyYb{sub 2}S{sub 6}, monoclinic, space group P2{sub 1}/m, a = 10.9384(10), b = 3.9398(4), c = 11.2037(10) {angstrom}, {beta} = 108.612(2), V = 457.57(7), Z = 2.

  20. Brilliant photoluminescence and triboluminescence from ternary complexes of Dy(III) and Tb(III) with 3-phenyl-4-propanoyl-5-isoxazolonate and a bidentate phosphine oxide coligand.

    PubMed

    Biju, S; Gopakumar, N; Bünzli, J-C G; Scopelliti, R; Kim, H K; Reddy, M L P

    2013-08-01

    Three new lanthanide heterocyclic ?-diketonate complexes [Dy(PPI)3(EtOH)2] (1), [Dy(PPI)3(DPEPO)] (2), and [Tb(PPI)3(DPEPO)] (3) [where HPPI = 3-phenyl-4-propanoyl-5-isoxazolone and DPEPO = bis(2-(diphenylphosphino)phenyl)ether oxide] have been synthesized and fully characterized. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses reveal that these complexes are mononuclear and that the central Ln(III) ion is coordinated to eight oxygen atoms that are provided by three bidentate ?-diketonate ligands and ethanol or bidentate DPEPO in a distorted square antiprismatic geometry. These complexes have high molar absorption coefficients (up to 3 × 10(4) M(-1) cm(-1) at 285 nm) and display strong visible and, for Dy(III), NIR luminescence upon irradiation at the ligand-centered band in the range 250-350 nm. The emission quantum yields and the luminescence lifetimes at room temperature are 3 ± 0.5% and 15 ± 1 ?s for 1, 12 ± 2% and 33 ± 1 ?s for 2, and 42 ± 6% and 795 ± 1 ?s for 3. Moreover, the crystals of 2 and 3 exhibit brilliant triboluminescence, visible in daylight. PMID:23848056

  1. Cu(II)-Gd(III) cryogenic magnetic refrigerants and Cu8Dy9 single-molecule magnet generated by in situ reactions of picolinaldehyde and acetylpyridine: experimental and theoretical study.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jun-Liang; Lin, Wei-Quan; Chen, Yan-Cong; Gómez-Coca, Silvia; Aravena, Daniel; Ruiz, Eliseo; Leng, Ji-Dong; Tong, Ming-Liang

    2013-12-16

    A series of heterometallic [Ln(III)(x)Cu(II)(y)] complexes, [Gd2Cu2]n (1), [Gd4Cu8] (2), [Ln9Cu8] (Ln=Gd, 3·Gd; Ln=Dy, 3·Dy), were successfully synthesized by a one-pot route at room temperature with three kinds of in situ carbonyl-related reactions: Cannizzaro reaction, aldol reaction, and oxidation. This strategy led to dysprosium analogues that behaved as single-molecule magnets (SMMs) and gadolinium analogues that showed significant magnetocaloric effect (MCE). In this study a numerical DFT approach is proposed by using pseudopotentials to calculate the exchange coupling constants in three polynuclear [Gd(x)Cu(y)] complexes; with these values exact diagonalization or quantum Monte Carlo simulations have been performed to calculate the variation of the magnetic entropy involved in the MCE. For the [Dy9Cu8] complexes, local magnetic properties of the Dy(III) centers have been determined by using the CASSCF+RASSI method. PMID:24265054

  2. Performance characteristics of an irreversible regenerative magnetic Brayton refrigeration cycle using Gd0.74Tb0.26 as the working substance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diguet, Gildas; Lin, Guoxing; Chen, Jincan

    2012-10-01

    The cycle model of an irreversible regenerative magnetic Brayton refrigerator using Gd0.74Tb0.26 as the working substance is established. Based on the experimental characteristics of iso-field heat capacities of the material Gd0.74Tb0.26 at 0 T and 2 T, the corresponding iso-field entropies are calculated and the thermodynamic performance of an irreversible regenerative magnetic Brayton refrigeration cycle is investigated. The effects of the irreversibilities in the two adiabatic processes and non-perfect regenerative process of the magnetic Brayton refrigeration cycle on the cooling quantity, the heat quantity released to the hot reservoir, the net cooling quantity and the coefficient of performance are discussed in detail. Some significant results are obtained.

  3. Photoluminescence properties of rare earths (Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+} and Tm{sup 3+}) activated NaInW{sub 2}O{sub 8} wolframite host lattice

    SciTech Connect

    Asiri Naidu, S.; Boudin, S.; Varadaraju, U.V.; Raveau, B.

    2012-01-15

    The photoluminescence (PL) studies on NaIn{sub 1-x}RE{sub x}W{sub 2}O{sub 8}, with RE=Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+} and Tm{sup 3+} phases have shown that the relative contribution of the host lattice and of the intra-f-f emission of the activators to the PL varies with the nature of the rare earth cation. In the case of Dy{sup 3+} and Tm{sup 3+} activators, with yellow and blue emission, respectively, the energy transfer from host to the activator plays a major role. In contrast for Eu{sup 3+}, with intense red emission, the host absorption is less pronounced and the intra-f-f transitions of the Eu{sup 3+} ions play a major role, whereas for Tb{sup 3+} intra-f-f transitions are only observed, giving rise to green emission. - Graphical abstract: NaInW{sub 2}O{sub 8} double tungstate doped with Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}and Tm{sup 3+} shows characteristic emission of intense red for Eu{sup 3+}, yellow for Dy{sup 3+}, green for Tb{sup 3+} and blue for Tm{sup 3+}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Characteristic emissions of rare earths (Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+} and Tm{sup 3+}) are observed NaInW{sub 2}O{sub 8} wolframite. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Energy transfer from host to the activators (Eu{sup 3+} Dy{sup 3+} Tm{sup 3+} is observed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer PL properties of rare earth ions depend on minor structural variations in the host lattice.

  4. Morphotropic phase boundary and magnetoelastic behaviour in ferromagnetic Tb{sub 1?x}Gd{sub x}Fe{sub 2} system

    SciTech Connect

    Adil, Murtaza; Yang, Sen Mi, Meng; Zhou, Chao Wang, Jieqiong; Zhang, Rui; Liao, Xiaoqi; Wang, Yu; Ren, Xiaobing; Song, Xiaoping; Ren, Yang

    2015-03-30

    Morphotropic phase boundary (MPB), separating two ferroic phases of different crystal symmetries, has been studied extensively for its extraordinary enhancement of piezoelectricity in ferroelectrics. Based on the same mechanism, we have designed a magnetic MPB in the pseudobinary ferromagnetic system of Tb{sub 1?x}Gd{sub x}Fe{sub 2} and the corresponding crystal structure, magnetic properties, and magnetostriction are explored. With the synchrotron x-ray diffractometry, the structure symmetry of TbFe{sub 2}-rich compositions is detected to be rhombohedral (R) and that of GdFe{sub 2}-rich compositions is tetragonal (T) below T{sub c}. With the change of concentration, the value of magnetostriction of the samples changes monotonously, while the MPB composition Tb{sub 0.1}Gd{sub 0.9}Fe{sub 2}, which corresponds to the coexistence of R and T phases, exhibits the maximum magnetization among all available compositions and superposition of magnetostriction behaviour of R and T phases. Our result of MPB phenomena in ferromagnets may provide an effective route to design functional magnetic materials with exotic properties.

  5. Influence of Gd{sup 3+} on the visible quantum cutting in green-emitting silicate Na{sub 3}Gd{sub 0.9?x}Y{sub x}Si{sub 3}O{sub 9}:0.1Tb{sup 3+} phosphors

    SciTech Connect

    Han, Lili; Wang, Yuhua; Zhao, Lei; Zhang, Jia; Wang, Yanzhao; Tao, Ye

    2013-06-01

    Highlights: ? The visible quantum cutting between Tb{sup 3+} in silicate Na{sub 3}Gd{sub 0.9?x}Y{sub x}Si{sub 3}O{sub 9}:0.1Tb{sup 3+} phosphors are firstly investigated. ? Gd{sup 3+} plays an important intermediate role during the QC process and reinforces the cross relaxation efficiency. ? Na{sub 3}Gd{sub 0.9}Tb{sub 0.1}Si{sub 3}O{sub 9} has potential application for 3D-PDPs and Hg-free lamps for the total QE of 151.2%. - Abstract: The visible quantum cutting via cross-relaxation between Tb{sup 3+} ions in Na{sub 3}Gd{sub 0.9?x}Y{sub x}Si{sub 3}O{sub 9}:0.1Tb{sup 3+} phosphors are identified for the first time. It has also been found that with the increase of the ratio of Gd{sup 3+}/Y{sup 3+}, the quantum cutting efficiency increases, which indicates the Gd{sup 3+} plays an important intermediate role in energy transfer to convert vacuum ultraviolet light to visible light and reinforces the cross relaxation efficiency during the quantum cutting process. In addition, the energy transfer process from Gd{sup 3+} to Tb{sup 3+} is also investigated and discussed in terms of luminescence spectra.

  6. CONDENSED MATTER: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE, ELECTRICAL, MAGNETIC, AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES: Hydrothermal Synthesis and Vacuum Ultraviolet-Excited Luminescence Properties of Novel Dy3+-doped GdPO4 White Light Phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Han, Guo-Cai; Wang, Yu-Hua; Wu, Chun-Fang; Zhang, Jia-Chi; Lu, Yang-Hua

    2009-06-01

    Novel Dy3+-doped GdPO4 white light phosphors with a monoclinic system are successfully synthesized by the hydrothermal method at 240°C. The strong absorption at around 147 nm in the excitation spectrum is assigned to the host absorption. It is suggested that the vacuum ultraviolet excited energy is transferred from the host to the Dy3+ ions. The f - d transition of the Dy3+ ion is observed to be located at 182 nm, which is consistent with the calculated value using Dorenbos's expression. Under 147nm excitation, Gd0.92PO4:0.08Dy3+ phosphor exhibits two emission bands located at 572 nm (yellow) and 478 nm (blue), which correspond to the hypersensitive transitions 4F9/2-6H13/2 and 4F9/2-6H15/2. The two emission bands lead to the white light. Because of the strong absorption at about 147nm, Gd0.92PO4:0.08Dy3+ under vacuum ultraviolet excitation is an effective white light phosphor, and has promising applications to mercury-free lamps.

  7. Influence of electron beam irradiation on the structural, electrical and thermal properties of Gd0.5Sr0.5MnO3 and Dy0.5Sr0.5MnO3 manganites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagaraja, B. S.; Rao, Ashok; Babu, P. D.; Sanjeev, Ganesh; Okram, G. S.

    2016-01-01

    We present systematic studies on the effect of electron beam irradiation on structural, electrical and thermal properties of Gd0.5Sr0.5MnO3 and Dy0.5Sr0.5MnO3 manganites. The XRD patterns and Rietveld analysis show that the samples remain single phased even after they undergo electron beam irradiation. Both the series of the samples Gd0.5Sr0.5MnO3 and Dy0.5Sr0.5MnO3 show insulating trends in their temperature dependent electrical resistivity, ?(T) behavior. The resistivity data for both the series of samples (pristine as well as irradiated) indicate that the small polaron hopping model is valid in high temperature region; on contrary, variable range hopping model governs the low temperature regime. Magnetic studies demonstrate that the Neel temperatures of pristine and irradiated samples of Gd0.5Sr0.5MnO3 and Dy0.5Sr0.5MnO3 do not change appreciably when they are subjected to irradiation. Thermo-electrical power is observed to increase with irradiation in Gd0.5Sr0.5MnO3 samples, whereas for Dy0.5Sr0.5MnO3 samples a decrease in thermo-electric power is seen when the samples are irradiated.

  8. The extended chain compounds Ln {sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17} (Ln=Pr, Nd, Gd, Dy): Synthesis, structure and physical properties

    SciTech Connect

    Ryazanov, Mikhail; Mattausch, Hansjuergen; Simon, Arndt

    2007-04-15

    The title compounds are obtained in high yield from stoichiometric mixtures of Ln, LnI{sub 3} and graphite, heated at 900-950 deg. C in welded Ta containers. The crystal structures of new Pr and Nd phases determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction are related to those of other Ln {sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17}-type compounds (C 2/c, a=19.610(1) and 19.574(4) A, b=12.406(2) and 12.393(3) A, c=19.062(5) and 19.003(5) A, {beta}=90.45(3){sup o} and 90.41(3){sup o}, for Pr{sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17} and Nd{sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17}, respectively). All compounds contain infinite zigzag chains of C{sub 2}-centered metal atom octahedra condensed by edge-sharing into the [tcc] {sub {infinity}} sequence (c=cis, t=trans) and surrounded by edge-bridging iodine atoms as well as by apical iodine atoms that bridge between chains. The polycrystalline Gd{sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17} sample exhibits semiconducting thermal behavior which is consistent with an ionic formulation (Ln {sup 3+}){sub 12}(C{sub 2} {sup 6-}){sub 3}(I{sup -}){sub 17}(e{sup -}) under the assumption that one extra electron is localized in metal-metal bonding. The magnetization measurements on Nd{sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17}, Gd{sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17} and Dy{sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17} indicate the coexistence of competing magnetic interactions leading to spin freezing at T {sub f}=5 K for the Gd phase. The Nd and Dy compounds order antiferromagnetically at T {sub N}=25 and 29 K, respectively. For Dy{sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17}, a metamagnetic transition is observed at a critical magnetic field H{approx}25 kOe. - Graphical abstract: Zigzag chains of edge-sharing metal atom octahedra in Ln {sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17}.

  9. Solvothermal synthesis of SrMoO{sub 4}:Ln (Ln = Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanoparticles and its photoluminescence properties at room temperature

    SciTech Connect

    Niu, Na; Yang, Piaoping; Wang, Wenxin; He, Fei; Gai, Shili; Wang, Dong; Lin, Jun

    2011-03-15

    Research highlights: {yields} A facile hydrothermal process was used to fabricate luminescent nanocrystals. {yields} The PL emissions the nanocrystals can be tuned by doping different rare-earth ions. {yields} A possible formation scheme for the as-synthesized nanocrystals was presented. -- Abstract: Rare-earth ions (Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) doped SrMoO{sub 4} nanoparticles were prepared by solvothermal route using oleic acid as surfactant to control the particle shape and size. X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS), photoluminescence spectra (PL) and the kinetic decay times were applied to characterize the obtained samples. The XRD patterns reveal that all the doped samples are assigned to the scheelite-type tetragonal structure of SrMoO{sub 4} phase. In addition, the as-synthesized SrMoO{sub 4}:Ln (Ln = Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) particles are high purity well crystallized and with the average size of 30-50 nm. The possible formation process of SrMoO{sub 4}:Ln (Ln = Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanoparticles have been discussed as well. Upon excitation by ultraviolet radiation, the as-synthesized SrMoO{sub 4}:Ln (Ln = Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanoparticles exhibit the characteristic emission lines of corresponding Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, respectively.

  10. Completing the series of +2 ions for the lanthanide elements: synthesis of molecular complexes of Pr2+, Gd2+, Tb2+, and Lu2+.

    PubMed

    MacDonald, Matthew R; Bates, Jefferson E; Ziller, Joseph W; Furche, Filipp; Evans, William J

    2013-07-01

    The first examples of crystallographically characterizable complexes of Tb(2+), Pr(2+), Gd(2+), and Lu(2+) have been isolated, which demonstrate that Ln(2+) ions are accessible in soluble molecules for all of the lanthanides except radioactive promethium. The first molecular Tb(2+) complexes have been obtained from the reaction of Cp'3Ln (Cp' = C5H4SiMe3, Ln = rare earth) with potassium in the presence of 18-crown-6 in Et2O at -35 °C under argon: [(18-crown-6)K][Cp'3Tb], {[(18-crown-6)K][Cp'3Tb]}n, and {[K(18-crown-6)]2(?-Cp')}{Cp'3Tb}. The first complex is analogous to previously isolated Y(2+), Ho(2+), and Er(2+) complexes, the second complex shows an isomeric structural form of these Ln(2+) complexes, and the third complex shows that [(18-crown-6)K](1+) alone is not the only cation that will stabilize these reactive Ln(2+) species, a result that led to further exploration of cation variants. With 2.2.2-cryptand in place of 18-crown-6 in the Cp'3Ln/K reaction, a more stable complex of Tb(2+) was produced as well as more stable Y(2+), Ho(2+), and Er(2+) analogs: [K(2.2.2-cryptand)][Cp'3Ln]. Exploration of this 2.2.2-cryptand-based reaction with the remaining lanthanides for which Ln(2+) had not been observed in molecular species provided crystalline Pr(2+), Gd(2+), and Lu(2+) complexes. These Ln(2+) complexes, [K(2.2.2-cryptand)][Cp'3Ln] (Ln = Y, Pr, Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, Lu), all have similar UV-vis spectra and exhibit Ln-C(Cp') bond distances that are ~0.03 Å longer than those in the Ln(3+) precursors, Cp'3Ln. These data, as well as density functional theory calculations and EPR spectra, suggest that a 4f(n)5d(1) description of the electron configuration in these Ln(2+) ions is more appropriate than 4f(n+1). PMID:23697603

  11. Ionic conductivity of dense BaZr0.5Ce0.3Ln0.2O3-? (Ln = Y, Sm, Gd, Dy) electrolytes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bu, Junfu; Jönsson, Pär G.; Zhao, Zhe

    2014-12-01

    BaZr0.5Ce0.3Ln0.2O3-? (BZCLn532, Ln = Y, Sm, Gd, Dy) based electrolytes were successfully synthesized by a cost-effective solid-state reactive sintering (SSRS) method while using 1.0 wt.% NiO as a sintering aid. Dense pellets of BZCLn532 compounds can be prepared at sintering temperatures of 1600 °C (BZCY532) and 1400 °C (BZCS532, BZCG532 and BZCD532). The conductivities of the dense BZCLn532 ceramics were tested in dry and wet air at temperatures of 700 °C-200 °C. On the basis of the obtained results, it could be concluded that the BZCY532-based electrolyte show promise for use as oxygen-ion conductors and proton conductors in intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (ITSOFCs).

  12. Rare earth anthracenedicarboxylate metal-organic frameworks: slow relaxation of magnetization of Nd(3+), Gd(3+), Dy(3+), Er(3+) and Yb(3+) based materials.

    PubMed

    Calahorro, Antonio J; Oyarzabal, Itziar; Fernández, Belén; Seco, José M; Tian, Tian; Fairen-Jimenez, David; Colacio, Enrique; Rodríguez-Diéguez, Antonio

    2015-12-22

    We have synthesized a new family of metal-organic-frameworks (MOFs) based on a 9,10-anthracenedicarboxylate linker. We report the formation of lanthanide-based MOFs using soft solvothermal routes with dimethylformamide as a solvent. These materials display intense photoluminescence properties in the solid state at room temperature. What is more interesting is, some of them exhibit slow relaxation of magnetization with activation barriers of 22.9, 15.4, 52.7, 13.0 and 16.2 K for Nd(3+), Gd(3+), Dy(3+), Er(3+) and Yb(3+), respectively. To the best of our knowledge, Nd(3+) and Yb(3+) materials are the first examples of 3D- and 2D-MOFs, respectively, that show slow relaxation of magnetization. PMID:26610692

  13. Heat capacities, magnetic properties, and resistivities of ternary RPdBi alloys where R = La, Nd, Gd, Dy, Er, and Lu

    SciTech Connect

    Riedemann, T.M.

    1996-05-01

    Over the past four and a half decades research on the rare earths, their compounds, and their alloys has yielded significant insights into the nature of materials. The rare earths can be used to systematically study a series of alloys or compounds. Magnetic ordering, crystalline fields, spin fluctuations, the magnetocaloric effect, and magnetostriction are a small sample of phenomena studied that are exhibited by the rare earth family. A significant portion of research has been conducted on the abundant RM{sub 2} and RM phases, where R is the rare earth and M is a transition metal. The natural progression of science has led to the study of related RMX ternary phases, where X is either another transition metal or semimetal. There are now over 1,000 known RMX phases. The focus of this study is on RPdBi where R = La, Nd, Gd, Dy, Er, and Lu. Their heat capacities, magnetic properties, and resistivities are studied.

  14. Magnetic and magnetotransport behavior of R F e5A l7(R =Gd and Dy ) : Observation of reentrant inverse-magnetocaloric phenomenon and asymmetric magnetoresistance behavior

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandragiri, Venkatesh; Iyer, Kartik K.; Sampathkumaran, E. V.

    2015-07-01

    We have compared and contrasted magnetic, magnetocaloric, and magnetoresistive properties of Gd and Dy members of the rare-earth (R ) series R F e5A l7 , crystallizing in ThM n12 structure, known to order antiferromagnetically. Among other observations, we would like to emphasize the following findings: (i) There are multiple sign crossovers in the temperature (T ) dependence of isothermal entropy change (? S ) in the case of Dy compound. In addition to nil ? S at the magnetic compensation point known for two-magnetic-sublattice systems, there is an additional sign crossover at low temperatures, as though there is a "reentrant inverse-magnetocaloric" phenomenon. Corresponding sign reversals could also be observed in the magnetoresistance data. (ii) The plots of magnetoresistance versus magnetic field are found to be highly asymmetric with the reversal of the direction of magnetic field (H ) well below TN for both compounds, similar to those known for antiferromagnetic tunnel junctions. We attribute these to subtle changes in spin orientations of R and Fe moments induced by T and H .

  15. Quaternary rare-earth arsenides REAg1-xZnyAs2 (RE=La-Nd, Sm, Gd-Dy) with tetragonal SrZnBi2- and HfCuSi2-type structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramachandran, Krishna K.; Genet, Clément; Mar, Arthur

    2015-11-01

    Reactions of the elements at 800 °C with the nominal compositions REAg1-xZnxAs2 resulted in quaternary arsenides REAg1-xZnyAs2 in which the combined Ag and Zn content deviates increasingly from unity in the Zn-richer phases, reflecting the transition from the fully stoichiometric ternary silver-containing arsenides REAgAs2 to the substoichiometric zinc-containing ones REZn0.67As2. Powder X-ray diffraction analysis indicated SrZnBi2-type (space group I4/mmm, Z=4; RE=La, Ce) and HfCuSi2-type structures (space group P4/nmm, Z=2; RE=Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis performed on LaAg0.5Zn0.5As2, PrAg0.5Zn0.5As2, and NdAg0.5Zn0.5As2 indicated that the Ag and Zn atoms are disordered within metal-centred tetrahedra and provided no evidence for distortion of the square As nets. The small electron excess tolerated in these quaternary arsenides and the absence of distortion in the square nets can be traced to the occurrence of As-As states that are only weakly antibonding near the Fermi level. PrAg0.5Zn0.5As2 and NdAg0.5Zn0.5As2 are paramagnetic with effective magnetic moments consistent with trivalent RE species.

  16. Structure and physical properties of rare-earth zinc antimonides REZn 1-xSb 2 ( RE=La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zelinska, Oksana Ya.; Mar, Arthur

    2006-12-01

    The ternary rare-earth zinc antimonides REZn 1-xSb 2 ( RE=La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb) were prepared by heating at 1050 °C followed by annealing at 600 °C. For all members, single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies indicated that the Zn deficiency is essentially fixed, corresponding to the formula REZn 0.6Sb 2, with no appreciable homogeneity range. These compounds adopt the HfCuSi 2-type structure (Pearson symbol tP8, space group P4/ nmm, Z=2). Single-crystal electrical resistivity measurements confirmed the occurrence of an abrupt resistivity decrease near 4 K for RE=Ce, and a less pronounced one for RE=La, Pr, and Gd. Except for the ferromagnetic Ce ( Tc=2.5 K) and antiferromagnetic Tb ( TN=10 K) members, all remaining compounds exhibit no long-range magnetic ordering down to 2 K, instead showing temperature-independent ( RE=La), van Vleck ( RE=Sm), or Curie-Weiss paramagnetism ( RE=Pr, Nd, Gd).

  17. Manifestation of ?-? stacking interactions in luminescence properties and energy transfer in aromatically-derived Tb, Eu and Gd tris(pyrazolyl)borate complexes.

    PubMed

    Mikhalyova, Elena A; Yakovenko, Anastasiya V; Zeller, Matthias; Kiskin, Mikhail A; Kolomzarov, Yuriy V; Eremenko, Igor L; Addison, Anthony W; Pavlishchuk, Vitaly V

    2015-04-01

    The three new complexes Tp(Py)Ln(CH3CO2)2(H2O) (Ln = Eu (1), Gd(2), or Tb (3)) were prepared and characterized crystallographically. In the crystal lattices of these complexes, separate molecules are connected in infinite chains by ?-stacking interactions. Complexes 1 and 3 display intense photoluminescence and triboluminescence (red and green respectively), while compound 3 exhibits electroluminescence commencing at 9 V in an ITO/PVK/3/Al device (ITO = indium-tin oxide, PVK = poly(N-vinylcarbazole)). A series of Eu/Tb-doped Gd compounds was prepared by cocrystallization from mixtures of 1 and 2 or 2 and 3, respectively. It was shown that ?-stacking interactions are involved in increasing the efficiency of energy transfer from the gadolinium complex to emitting [Tp(Py)Eu](2+) or [Tp(Py)Tb](2+) centers, and this energy transfer occurs through hundreds of molecules, resembling the process of energy harvesting in chloroplast stacks. PMID:25797500

  18. Variations of magnetocaloric effect and magnetoresistance across RCuGe (R=Tb, Dy, Ho, Er) compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gupta, Sachin; Suresh, K. G.

    2015-10-01

    RCuGe (R=Tb-Er) compounds have been studied by structural, magnetic, magnetocaloric and magnetotransport measurements. All these compounds are iso-structural and show antiferromagnetic ordering below their Néel temperatures (TN). Except TbCuGe, all the studied compounds show large magnetocaloric effect (MCE), arising due to the field induced metamagnetic transition. They also show a sign reversal of magnetoresistance (MR) with change in temperature or field. The non-monotonic variation of the magnitude of MR is attributed to the competing effects of Lorentz force, changes in the spin disorder scattering and the spin fluctuations.

  19. Magnetocaloric effect in the R Ni5 ( R=Pr , Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er) series

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    von Ranke, P. J.; Mota, M. A.; Grangeia, D. F.; Carvalho, A. Magnus G.; Gandra, F. C. G.; Coelho, A. A.; Caldas, A.; de Oliveira, N. A.; Gama, S.

    2004-10-01

    In this paper, the magnetocaloric effect in the hexagonal intermetallic compounds belonging to the RNi5 series was calculated using a Hamiltonian including the crystalline electrical field, exchange interaction, and the Zeeman effect. Experimental work was performed and the two thermodynamics quantities, namely, isothermal entropy change and adiabatic temperature change were obtained for polycrystalline samples, using heat capacity measurements, and compared to the theoretical predictions.

  20. Nine members of a family of nine-membered cyclic coordination clusters; Fe6Ln3 wheels (Ln = Gd to Lu and Y).

    PubMed

    Kühne, Irina A; Mereacre, Valeriu; Anson, Christopher E; Powell, Annie K

    2016-01-01

    We report a family of isostructural nonanuclear Fe(III)-Ln(III) cyclic coordination clusters [FeLn(?-OMe)9(vanox)6(benz)6]. (Ln = Tb (), Dy (), Ho (), Er (), Tm (), Yb (), Lu (), Y () and Gd ()), containing an odd number of metal ions. The planar cyclic coordination cluster cores are built up from three [Fe2Ln] subunits. PMID:26592179

  1. Color-tunable properties and energy transfer in Ba3GdNa(PO4)3F:Eu2+, Tb3+ phosphor pumped for n-UV w-LEDs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeng, Chao; Liu, Haikun; Hu, Yingmo; Liao, Libing; Mei, Lefu

    2015-11-01

    A series of Eu2+ and Eu2+/Tb3+ co-doped Ba3GdNa(PO4)3F phosphors have been synthesized via a high temperature solid-state reaction. The relative intensity of PL spectra of Ba3GdNa(PO4)3F:xEu2+ increases with increasing x value, and reaches a maximum at x=0.04. Ba3GdNa(PO4)3F:Eu2+, Tb3+ phosphors exhibit a broad excitation band ranging from 220 to 450 nm, which matches perfectly with the characteristic emission of n-UV light-emitting diode (LED) chips. Upon 365 nm excitation, the Ba3GdNa(PO4)3F:Eu2+, Tb3+ phosphors show two dominating bands peaked at 466 and 543 nm, which are assigned to the 4f7?4f65d1 transition of the Eu2+ ions and the 5D4?7F5 transition of the Tb3+ ions, respectively. In view of the energy transfer mechanism between Eu2+ and Tb3+, the Ba3GdNa(PO4)3F:Eu2+, Tb3+ emission color can adjust from blue to green, and their chromatic coordinates (x, y) vary from (0.16, 0.135) to (0.254, 0.398). The critical distance was also calculated to be 16.90 Å. The above results indicate that the Ba3GdNa(PO4)3F: Eu2+, Tb3+ phosphors are a candidate for blue-green components in the application of n-UV w-LEDs.

  2. Terbium-doped gadolinium oxysulfide (Gd2O2S:Tb) scintillation-based polymer optical fibre sensor for real time monitoring of radiation dose in oncology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lewis, E.; O'Keeffe, S.; Grattan, M.; Hounsell, A.; McCarthy, D.; Woulfe, P.; Cronin, J.; Mihai, L.; Sporea, D.; Santhanam, A.; Agazaryan, N.

    2014-05-01

    A PMMA based plastic optical fibre sensor for use in real time radiotherapy dosimetry is presented. The optical fibre tip is coated with a scintillation material, terbium-doped gadolinium oxysulfide (Gd2O2S:Tb), which fluoresces when exposed to ionising radiation (X-Ray). The emitted visible light signal penetrates the sensor optical fibre and propagates along the transmitting fibre at the end of which it is remotely monitored using a fluorescence spectrometer. The results demonstrate good repeatability, with a maximum percentage error of 0.5% and the response is independent of dose rate.

  3. Spectral characteristics of visible luminescence in Gd2SiO5-Lu2SiO5 (LGSO) solid solution crystals co-doped with Ce3+ and Dy3+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Strz?p, Adam; Ryba-Romanowski, Witold; Berkowski, Marek

    2014-11-01

    Two single crystals of LGSO containing 1% Dy3+ and differing in Ce3+ concentration were grown by the Czochralski method. XRD examination revealed that a crystal with a nominal Ce3+ concentration of 3% has the C2/c structure inherent to Lu2SiO5 (LSO) whereas a crystal with a nominal Ce3+ concentration of 1% has the P21/c structure inherent to Gd2SiO5 (GSO). In both crystal structure types the excitation of Ce3+ ions is followed by an energy transfer to Dy3+ ions and resulting visible emission consists of a broad-band Ce3+ luminescence and of much more narrow bands of Dy3+ luminescence. Excitation spectra imply that the efficiency of Dy3+ excitation via Ce3+ - Dy3+ energy transfer is markedly higher than upon direct optical pumping into Dy3+ excited levels. It was observed that visible emission in the two systems differs in spectral characteristics, hence in the colour of the emitted light. Examination of optical spectra recorded with a polarized light revealed important anisotropy of transition intensities of Ce3+ ions in LGSO host with the P21/c structure.

  4. Suitability of the rare-earth compounds Dy2Ti2O7 and Gd3Al5O12 for low temperature (4K-20K) magnetic refrigeration cycle

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flood, D. J.

    1973-01-01

    Measurements were made of the magnetic entropy and magnetization of powered samples of the compounds Dy2Ti2O7 and Gd3Al5O12. The magnetization was measured for temperatures at and below 4.2 K, in applied fields ranging to 7.0 tesla. Isothermal changes in magnetic entropy were measured for temperatures from 1.2 to 20 K, in applied fields up to 10 tesla. The results of the measurements are consistent with a doublet ground state for Dy2Ti2O7, and an eight-fold degenerate ground state for Gd3Al5O12. Absolute values of magnetic entropy have been obtained at the lower temperatures, permitting the isotherms to be properly located in the S-H plane with the use of adiabatic magnetization data. The iso-field lines in the S-T plane were determined. The results indicate that Dy2Ti2O7 can absorb a maximum of 71 + or - 4 joules/kg of heat at 4.2 K, while Gd3Al5O12 can absorb 233 + or - joules/kg at the same temperature. The large difference between the two is most likely a result of crystal field interactions in the dysoprosium compound. Both materials can be cycled adiabatically between 4.2 and 20 K.

  5. Preparation and Dielectric Measurements of the Rare Earth Green Phases R2BaCuO(5-x) (R = Y, Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gonzalez-Titman, Carlos

    1994-01-01

    It has been demonstrated that R2BaCuO(5-x) (R = Y, Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb) does not undergo significant densification unless the sintering temperatures are near the incongruent melting point or the sintering times are long. Good quality powders of Y2BaCuO(5-x) have been synthesized by using oxide raw materials or precursors such as acetates and nitrates. The acetates- and the nitrates-derived yttrium green phase resulted in finer particle sizes, acceptable dielectric properties and lower melting temperatures than those processed via oxide raw materials. The hot pressing technique has been employed to produce a dense R2BaCuO(5-x) (R=Y,Gd) substrate with satisfactory dielectric properties. Reactivity to reducing conditions, i.e. graphite die, limited the optimization of the properties. A high sensitivity to the annealing atmosphere has been demonstrated in Y2BaCuO,.,,. Oxygen treatment at 950 OC has been shown to improve the dielectric properties while treatment in nitrogen, at the same temperature, degraded desirable properties. A high sensitivity to the annealing atmosphere has been demonstrated in Y2BaCuO(5-x). Oxygen treatment at 950 C has been shown to improve the dielectric properties while treatment in nitrogen, at the same temperature, degraded desirable properties. The dielectric constants of the rare earth green phases R2BaCuO(5-x) were found to be low. Relaxation peaks were detected at low temperatures (T less than 150 K) and at high temperatures (150 less than T greater than 420 K). The dielectric losses and conductivities at 77 K were measured to be in the range of 10(exp -4) and 10(exp -12) (Omega-cm)(exp -1), respectively. Many parameters were found to exhibit dependencies on the rare earth cation sizes.

  6. Synthesis and structure determination of seven ternary bismuthides: crystal chemistry of the RELi3Bi2 family (RE = La-Nd, Sm, Gd, and Tb).

    PubMed

    Prakash, Jai; Schäfer, Marion C; Bobev, Svilen

    2015-10-01

    Zintl phases are renowned for their diverse crystal structures with rich structural chemistry and have recently exhibited some remarkable heat- and charge-transport properties. The ternary bismuthides RELi3Bi2 (RE = La-Nd, Sm, Gd, and Tb) (namely, lanthanum trilithium dibismuthide, LaLi3Bi2, cerium trilithium dibismuthide, CeLi3Bi2, praseodymium trilithium dibismuthide, PrLi3Bi2, neodymium trilithium dibismuthide, NdLi3Bi2, samarium trilithium dibismuthide, SmLi3Bi2, gadolinium trilithium dibismuthide, GdLi3Bi2, and terbium trilithium dibismuthide, TbLi3Bi2) were synthesized by high-temperature reactions of the elements in sealed Nb ampoules. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis shows that all seven compounds are isostructural and crystallize in the LaLi3Sb2 type structure in the trigonal space group P-3m1 (Pearson symbol hP6). The unit-cell volumes decrease monotonically on moving from the La to the Tb compound, owing to the lanthanide contraction. The structure features a rare-earth metal atom and one Li atom in a nearly perfect octahedral coordination by six Bi atoms. The second crystallographically unique Li atom is surrounded by four Bi atoms in a slightly distorted tetrahedral geometry. The atomic arrangements are best described as layered structures consisting of two-dimensional layers of fused LiBi4 tetrahedra and LiBi6 octahedra, separated by rare-earth metal cations. As such, these compounds are expected to be valance-precise semiconductors, whose formulae can be represented as (RE(3+))(Li(1+))3(Bi(3-))2. PMID:26422218

  7. Tunable color temperature solid state white light source using flux grown phosphor crystals of Eu3+, Dy3+ and Tb3+ activated calcium sodium molybdenum oxide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khanna, A.; Dutta, P. S.

    2014-11-01

    Solid state light sources with dynamically tunable color temperature in the range of 3000-6000 K with chromaticity coordinates lying on the Planckian black body curve has been designed using mixtures of narrow emissions at 615 nm, 575 nm and 550 nm. These respective emissions lines were generated by individual phosphor crystals of trivalent rare earth (RE3+) species, europium (Eu3+), dysprosium (Dy3+) and terbium (Tb3+) activated calcium sodium molybdenum oxide (Ca1-2xNaxMoO4:RE3+x), when excited by near-ultra-violet (NUV) light emitting diode (LED) with emission wavelength of 380 nm. Highly luminescent crystals of these compounds have been grown from molten solutions (flux) of molybdenum (VI) oxide. The flux grown crystals exhibit emission intensity 2-4 times more than phosphor powders of the same compounds synthesized by traditional solid-state reactions. An optimum flux to solute ratio of 2.5 and solute dissolution temperature of 1100 °C resulted in the largest size crystals.

  8. Local rhombohedral symmetry in Tb{sub 0.3}Dy{sub 0.7}Fe{sub 2} near the morphotropic phase boundary

    SciTech Connect

    Ma, Tianyu; Liu, Xiaolian; Pan, Xingwen; Li, Xiang; Jiang, Yinzhu; Yan, Mi; Li, Huiying; Fang, Minxia; Ren, Xiaobing

    2014-11-10

    The recently reported morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) in a number of giant magnetostrictive materials (GMMs) has drawn considerable interest to the local symmetry/structure near MPB region of these materials. In this letter, by in-situ X-ray diffraction and AC magnetic susceptibility measurements, we show that Tb{sub 0.3}Dy{sub 0.7}Fe{sub 2}, the typical composition of Terfenol-D GMMs, has coexistence of rhombohedral and tetragonal phases over a wide temperature range in the vicinity of MPB. High resolution transmission electron microscopy provides direct evidence for local rhombohedral symmetry of the ferromagnetic phase and reveals regular-shaped nanoscale domains below 10?nm. The nano-sized structural/magnetic domains are hierarchically inside a single micron-sized stripe-like domain with the same average magnetization direction. Such domain structures are consistent with the low magnetocrystalline anisotropy and easy magnetic/structural domain switching under magnetic field, thus generating large magnetostriction at low field.

  9. Preparation of new fluorophore lanthanide complexes-Cloisite nanohybrids using the tricationic Pr(III), Gd(III) and Dy(III) complexes with 9,10-phenanthrenequinone.

    PubMed

    Mallakpour, Shadpour; Behnamfar, Mohammad Taghi; Dinari, Mohammad; Hadadzadeh, Hassan

    2015-02-25

    New fluorophore lanthanide complexes-Cloisite (LCs-C) nanohybrids have been prepared by the intercalation reaction of Cloisite Na(+) with the tricationic lanthanide complexes (1-3), [M(PQ)3(DMF)2(H2O)2](3+) (M=Pr(III) (1), Gd(III) (2), and Dy(III) (3); PQ=9,10-phenanthrenequinone), in aqueous solutions. The X-ray diffraction analysis of the modified clays (LCs-C) showed an increase in the interlayer distance (d) as compared to the pure Cloisite Na(+). Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) was used to study the morphology of the modified clays and the results were demonstrated a homogeneous morphology for the nanohybrids. The thermal behavior of the LCs-C nanohybrids was investigated using thermogravimetric analysis. Solid-state fluorescence properties of the LCs-C nanohybrids were also investigated. The results show that all tricationic complexes have a significant fluorescence at room temperature when the complexes are adsorbed onto Cloisite. PMID:25305612

  10. Dopant-mediated structural and magnetic properties of TbMnO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, Vinit; McDannald, A.; Staruch, M.; Ramprasad, R.; Jain, M.

    2015-07-01

    Structural and magnetic properties of the doped terbium manganites (Tb,A)MnO3 (A = Gd, Dy, and Ho) have been investigated using first-principles calculations and further confirmed by subsequent experimental studies. Both computational and experimental studies suggest that compared to the parent material, namely, TbMnO3 (with a magnetic moment of 9.7 ? B for Tb3+) Dy- and Ho-ion substituted TbMnO3 results in an increase in the magnetic susceptibility at low fields ( ? 10.6 ? B for Dy3+ and Ho3+). The observed spiral-spin AFM order in TbMnO3 is stable with respect to the dopant substitutions, which modify the Mn-O-Mn bond angles and lead to stronger the ferromagnetic component of the magnetic moment. Given the fact that magnetic ordering in TbMnO3 causes the ferroelectricity, this is an important step in the field of the magnetically driven ferroelectricity in the class of magnetoelectric multiferroics, which traditionally have low magnetic moments due to the predominantly antiferromagnetic order. In addition, the present study reveals important insights on the phenomenological coupling mechanism in detail, which is essential in order to design new materials with enhanced magneto-electric effects at higher temperatures.

  11. Effect of Orbital Rotation and Mixing on the Optical Properties of Orthorhombic RMnO3 (R=La, Pr, Nd, Gd, and Tb)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, M. W.; Moon, S. J.; Jung, J. H.; Yu, Jaejun; Parashar, Sachin; Murugavel, P.; Lee, J. H.; Noh, T. W.

    2006-06-01

    We investigated the ab-plane absorption spectra of RMnO3 (R=La, Pr, Nd, Gd, and Tb) thin films. As the ionic radius of the R ion decreases, we observed a drastic suppression of the 2 eV peak, i.e., the intersite optical transition between spin- and orbital-aligned states across the Mott gap. We found that, in addition to orbital rotation, orbital mixing in the orbital-ordered state should play an important role in the suppression of 2 eV peak. We also found that the spectral weight of 2 eV peak is proportional to the A-type antiferromagnetic ordering temperature, which suggests that the magnetic interaction should be sensitively coupled to the orbital degree of freedom.

  12. The crystal structure and luminescence of Ce3+, Tb3+ and Eu3+ in KBaLn3+(BO3)2 [Ln3+ = Sc, Y, Lu, Gd

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Camardello, S. J.; Her, J. H.; Toscano, P. J.; Srivastava, A. M.

    2015-11-01

    The structure of KBaLn3+(BO3)2 [Ln3+ = Sc, Lu, Gd] was solved by Rietveld refinement of the powder X-ray diffraction data. The materials crystallize with the mineral Buetschliite [K2Ca(CO3)2] structure. The lattice parameters of KBaLn3+(BO3)2 [Ln3+ = Sc, Lu, Gd] increased with increasing ionic radius of the Ln3+ cation. In this structure, the Ln3+ cations are octahedrally coordinated. The phase formation region is dependent on the ionic radii of the Ln3+ cation. The optical properties of Ce3+, Tb3+ and Eu3+ and their dependence on the host lattice composition are investigated and discussed. It is noteworthy that the optical properties of these ions are independent of the Ln3+ cation in KBaLn3+(BO3)2. It is concluded that in this family of materials, the crystalline field strength and the covalence at the rare earth site is independent of the host lattice composition.

  13. Structural investigation of the new Ca{sub 3}Ln{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 12} (Ln=Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd and Dy) compounds and luminescence spectroscopy of Ca{sub 3}Gd{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 12} doped with the Eu{sup 3+} ion

    SciTech Connect

    Piccinelli, F.; Lausi, A.; Bettinelli, M.

    2013-09-15

    The crystal structures of new rare earth-based germanate compounds (Ca{sub 3}Pr{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 12}, Ca{sub 3}Nd{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 12}, Ca{sub 3}Sm{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 12}, Ca{sub 3}Gd{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 12} and Ca{sub 3}Dy{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 12}) have been determined by Rietveld refinement calculations on the collected synchrotron X-ray diffraction powder patterns. A different distribution of the rare earth ions in the three available crystal sites was observed, as the main structural feature. The reasons of the instability of the silico-carnotite structure for lanthanide ions out of the range Pr–Dy have been proposed. Finally, the luminescence spectroscopy of the Eu{sup 3+} dopant ion in Ca{sub 3}Gd{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 12} was presented and analyzed taking into account the observed structural characteristics. The Eu{sup 3+} luminescence spectroscopy was also compared with the one of Eu{sup 3+} doped Ca{sub 3}Gd{sub 2}Si{sub 3}O{sub 12} and Ca{sub 3}Lu{sub 2}Si{sub 3}O{sub 12} isostructural materials. - Graphical abstract: The structural study on Ca{sub 3}Ln{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 12} exploiting synchrotron X-ray diffraction, allows us to determine the detailed geometry of the coordination polyhedra of the metals and their distribution in the crystal sites. These features are, in the case of Ca{sub 3}Gd{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 12} host, closely related to the luminescence spectroscopy of the Eu{sup 3+} dopant ion. Display Omitted - Highlights: • The structure of the Ca{sub 3}Ln{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 12} (Ln=Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd and Dy) was determined. • Different distribution of Ln{sup 3+} ions on the three available crystal sites was observed. • A detailed structural study focused on the metal coordination polyhedra was performed. • The instability of the silico-carnotite structure out of the range Pr–Dy was discussed. • The luminescence of the dopant Eu{sup 3+} ion in Ca{sub 3}Gd{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 12} was presented and analyzed.

  14. Up/down conversion luminescence and charge compensation investigation of Ca0.5Y1-x(WO4)2:xLn3+ (Ln = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Yb/Er) phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahalingam, Venkatakrishnan; Thirumalai, Jagannathan; Krishnan, Rajagopalan; Mantha, Srinivas

    2016-01-01

    Microstructures of Ca0.5Y(1-x)(WO4)2:xLn3+ (Ln = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Yb/Er) phosphors were prepared via the solid-state reaction method. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and photoluminescence were used to characterize the prepared phosphor samples. The results reveal that the phosphor samples have single phase scheelite structures with tetragonal symmetry of I41/a. The down/up conversion photoluminescence of the Ca0.5Y(1-x)(WO4)2:xLn3+ (Ln = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Yb/Er) phosphors properties reveal characteristic visible emissions. The energy transfer process, fluorescence lifetime and color coordinates are discussed in detail. Furthermore, the phosphor Ca0.5Y(1-x)(WO4)2:xPr3+ co-doped with alkali chlorides shows the enhancement of luminescence, which was found in the sodium chloride co-doped powder phosphor. The photometric characteristics indicate the suitability of the inorganic powder phosphors for solid-state lighting and display applications.

  15. Up/down conversion luminescence and charge compensation investigation of Ca0.5Y1-x(WO4)2:xLn(3+) (Ln=Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Yb/Er) phosphors.

    PubMed

    Mahalingam, Venkatakrishnan; Thirumalai, Jagannathan; Krishnan, Rajagopalan; Mantha, Srinivas

    2016-01-01

    Microstructures of Ca0.5Y(1-x)(WO4)2:xLn(3+) (Ln=Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Yb/Er) phosphors were prepared via the solid-state reaction method. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and photoluminescence were used to characterize the prepared phosphor samples. The results reveal that the phosphor samples have single phase scheelite structures with tetragonal symmetry of I41/a. The down/up conversion photoluminescence of the Ca0.5Y(1-x)(WO4)2:xLn(3+) (Ln=Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Yb/Er) phosphors properties reveal characteristic visible emissions. The energy transfer process, fluorescence lifetime and color coordinates are discussed in detail. Furthermore, the phosphor Ca0.5Y(1-x)(WO4)2:xPr(3+) co-doped with alkali chlorides shows the enhancement of luminescence, which was found in the sodium chloride co-doped powder phosphor. The photometric characteristics indicate the suitability of the inorganic powder phosphors for solid-state lighting and display applications. PMID:26208272

  16. Crystal structures of Ca-free Pb[sub 2]Sr[sub 2]RCu[sub 3]O[sub 8] (R = La, Pr, Nd, Eu, Tb, and Dy) single crystals

    SciTech Connect

    Xue, J.S.; Greedan, J.E.; Maric, M. )

    1993-02-01

    Structures of Pb[sub 2]Sr[sub 2]RCu[sub 3]O[sub 8] have been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. A monoclinic symmetry (C2/m, Z = 2) was found for those crystals with R = Pr, Nd, and Tb, orthorhombic (Cmmm, Z = 2) for R = La, and tetragonal (P4/mmm, Z = 1) for R = Eu and Dy. The relationship among different crystal symmetries can be understood in terms of different oxygen orderings in the PbO layers driven by the Pb[sup 2+] lone pair orientation. There is evidence for a [approximately]9% deficiency in electron density at the R = Eu and Dy sites (and [approximately]4.5% for R = Tb) which has been confirmed by mass spectroscopy as being due to cation vacancies at these sites. Bond valence sum calculations have been performed to evaluate the strains existing in the crystal structures of Pb[sub 2]Sr[sub 2]RCu[sub 3]O[sub 8]. 28 refs., 8 figs., 5 tabs.

  17. A new type of silica-coated Gd2(CO3)3:Tb nanoparticle as a bifunctional agent for magnetic resonance imaging and fluorescent imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Yanli; Xu, Xianzhu; Tang, Qun; Li, Yongxiu

    2012-05-01

    We report a new type of dual modal nanoprobe to combine optical and magnetic resonance bioimaging. A simple reverse microemulsion method and coating process was introduced to synthesize silica-coated Gd2(CO3)3:Tb nanoparticles, and the particles, with an average diameter of 16 nm, can be dispersed in water. As in vitro cell imaging of the nanoprobe shows, the nanoprobe accomplishes delivery to gastric SGC7901 cancer cells successfully in a short time, as well as NCI-H460 lung cancer cells. Furthermore, it presents no evidence of cell toxicity or adverse affect on kidney cell growth under high dose, which makes the nanoprobe’s optical bioimaging modality available. The possibility of using the nanoprobe for magnetic resonance imaging is also demonstrated, and the nanoprobe displays a clear T1-weighted effect and could potentially serve as a bimodal T1-positive contrast agent. Therefore, the new nanoprobe formed from carbonate nanoprobe doped with rare earth ions provides the dual modality of optical and magnetic resonance imaging.

  18. Family of dumbbell Ni4Ln2 (Ln = Pr, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Ho, Er) complexes: syntheses, structures, luminescent and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Liu, Baolin; Liu, Qingxia; Xiao, Hongping; Zhang, Wu; Tao, Ruojie

    2013-04-14

    The synthesis and characterization of a family of heterometallic Ni4Ln2 complexes (Ln = Pr(1), Sm(2), Eu(3), Gd(4), Tb(5), Ho(6) and Er(7)) of the formula [Ni2LnL1L2(OH)(H2O)]2 are reported, where H4L1 is 3,3?-(1E,1?E)-(2,2?-(2-aminoethylazanediyl)bis(ethane-2,1-diyl)bis(azan-1-yl-1-ylidene))bis(methan-1-yl-1-ylidene)bis(2-hydroxybenzoic acid) and H2L2 is 3-formyl-2-hydroxybenzoic acid. The molecular structures of 1–7 were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and reveal that they are isostructural. In all of these compounds, the six metal ions are held together to form a novel Ni4Ln2O10 core and exhibit a relatively rare dumbbell-type structure. In these compounds, the Ni ions are in slightly distorted square-pyramidal or octahedral environments. An all-oxygen coordination environment (8O) is present around the central lanthanide ion, which is present in a distorted square antiprismatic geometry. The Ln–Ln and Ln–Oavg bond distances in 1–7 show a gradual reduction proceeding from 1 to 7, in accordance with the lanthanide contraction. The luminescent properties of all the compounds have been studied. The magnetic susceptibility analysis demonstrate antiferromagnetic interactions within complex 4. PMID:23396382

  19. Lattice distortions in layered type arsenides LnTAs{sub 2} (Ln=La-Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb; T=Ag, Au): Crystal structures, electronic and magnetic properties

    SciTech Connect

    Rutzinger, D.; Bartsch, C.; Doerr, M.; Rosner, H.; Neu, V.; Doert, Th.; Ruck, M.

    2010-03-15

    The lanthanide coinage-metal diarsenides LnTAs{sub 2} (Ln=La, Ce-Nd, Sm; T=Ag, Au) have been reinvestigated and their structures have been refined from single crystal X-ray data. Two different distortion variants of the HfCuSi{sub 2} type are found: PrAgAs{sub 2}, NdAgAs{sub 2}, SmAgAs{sub 2}, GdAgAs{sub 2}, TbAgAs{sub 2}, NdAuAs{sub 2} and SmAuAs{sub 2} crystallize as twofold superstructures in space group Pmcn with the As atoms of their planar layers forming zigzag chains, whereas LaAgAs{sub 2}, CeAgAs{sub 2} and PrAuAs{sub 2} adopt a fourfold superstructure (space group Pmca) with cis-trans chains of As atoms. The respective atomic positions can be derived from the HfCuSi{sub 2} type by group-subgroup relations. The compounds with zigzag chains of As atoms exhibit metallic behaviour while those with cis-trans chains are semiconducting as measured on powder pellets. The majority of the compounds including 4f elements show antiferromagnetic ordering at T{sub N}<20 K. - Text3: Zigzig vs. cis-trans.

  20. Crystal structures of RPt{sub 3-x}Si{sub 1-y}(R=Y, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) studied by single crystal X-ray diffraction

    SciTech Connect

    Gribanov, Alexander; Grytsiv, Andriy; Rogl, Peter; Seropegin, Yurii; Giester, Gerald

    2009-07-15

    The crystal structures of ternary compounds RPt{sub 3-x}Si{sub 1-y}(R=Y, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) have been elucidated from X-ray single crystal CCD data. All compounds are isotypic and crystallize in the tetragonal space group P4/mbm. The general formula RPt{sub 3-x}Si{sub 1-y} arises from defects: x{approx}0.20, y{approx}0.14. The crystal structure of RPt{sub 3-x}Si{sub 1-y} can be considered as a packing of four types of building blocks which derive from the CePt{sub 3}B-type unit cell by various degrees of distortion and Pt, Si-defects. - Graphical Abstract: Electron density in RPt{sub 3-x}Si{sub 1-y} at 0, 1/2 , 0.

  1. High-Temperature Salt Flux Crystal Growth of New Lanthanide Molybdenum Oxides, Ln5Mo2O12 Ln = Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er: Magnetic Coupling within Mixed Valent Mo(IV/V) Rutile-Like Chains.

    PubMed

    Cortese, Anthony J; Abeysinghe, Dileka; Wilkins, Branford; Smith, Mark D; Morrison, Gregory; Zur Loye, Hans-Conrad

    2015-12-21

    Five new lanthanide molybdenum oxides containing mixed valent Mo(IV/V) rutile-like chains, Ln5Mo2O12 Ln = Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er, were prepared utilizing a high-temperature molten salt flux synthesis involving an in situ reduction utilizing metallic reducing agents. All five compounds were structurally characterized by single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction methods and were found to crystallize in the monoclinic space group C2/m. The molybdates all contain rare infinite chains consisting of MoO2O4/2 edge-sharing octahedra. The chains exhibit alternating long and short separations between octahedra caused by the presence of Mo-Mo bonds to form Mo2O10 units containing one unpaired electron. The temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility of these compounds was measured, and antiferromagnetic ordering was observed in all cases. PMID:26629588

  2. Magnetic ordering in the pyrochlore Ho2CrSbO7 determined from neutron diffraction, and the magnetic properties of other RE2CrSbO7 phases (RE=Y, Tb, Dy, Er)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Whitaker, Mariana J.; Greaves, Colin

    2014-07-01

    The magnetic structure of the pyrochlore Ho2CrSbO7, which orders magnetically below 13 K, has been studied using neutron powder diffraction. Ho2CrSbO7 is found to form an “ordered spin-ice structure” where the magnetic moments are constrained along the 111 axes, but with a ferromagnetic moment in one direction. The Cr3+ ions order ferromagnetically and this is thought to lift the degeneracy of the x, y and z directions in the cubic structure causing the ferromagnetic component from the Ho3+ ions to align. The pyrochlores RE2CrSbO7 where RE=Y, Tb, Dy and Er have also been prepared and studied using SQUID magnetometry.

  3. Structure and physical properties of rare-earth zinc antimonides REZn{sub 1-} {sub x} Sb{sub 2} (RE=La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb)

    SciTech Connect

    Zelinska, Oksana Ya.; Mar, Arthur . E-mail: arthur.mar@ualberta.ca

    2006-12-15

    The ternary rare-earth zinc antimonides REZn{sub 1-} {sub x} Sb{sub 2} (RE=La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb) were prepared by heating at 1050 {sup o}C followed by annealing at 600 {sup o}C. For all members, single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies indicated that the Zn deficiency is essentially fixed, corresponding to the formula REZn{sub 0.6}Sb{sub 2}, with no appreciable homogeneity range. These compounds adopt the HfCuSi{sub 2}-type structure (Pearson symbol tP8, space group P4/nmm, Z=2). Single-crystal electrical resistivity measurements confirmed the occurrence of an abrupt resistivity decrease near 4 K for RE=Ce, and a less pronounced one for RE=La, Pr, and Gd. Except for the ferromagnetic Ce (T {sub c}=2.5 K) and antiferromagnetic Tb (T {sub N}=10 K) members, all remaining compounds exhibit no long-range magnetic ordering down to 2 K, instead showing temperature-independent (RE=La), van Vleck (RE=Sm), or Curie-Weiss paramagnetism (RE=Pr, Nd, Gd). - Graphical abstract: REZn{sub 1-} {sub x} Sb{sub 2} (HfCuSi{sub 2}-type) exhibits deficiencies in the tetrahedral Zn sites. Electrical and magnetic properties have been measured for different RE members.

  4. Enhancing photoluminescence performance of SrSi2O2N2:Eu(2+) phosphors by Re (Re = La, Gd, Y, Dy, Lu, Sc) substitution and its thermal quenching behavior investigation.

    PubMed

    Lü, Wei; Jiao, Mengmeng; Shao, Baiqi; Zhao, Lingfei; You, Hongpeng

    2015-09-21

    Eu(2+)-doped SrSi2O2N2 has recently been identified as a viable green phosphor that in conjunction with a blue-emitting diode can be used in solid-state white-lighting sources. In this study, we attempt to improve the photoluminescence and thermal quenching behavior by codoping Re(3+) (Re = La, Gd, Y, Dy, Lu, Sc) and Li(+) instead of Sr(2+). Trivalent cation substitution at the Sr(2+) site enhances the photoluminescence intensities and also achieves better thermal stability at high temperature. The lifetime decay properties in the related substituted phosphors are investigated. Furthermore, under the 460 nm blue light irradiation, this green phosphor exhibits excellent luminescence properties with absorption and internal/external efficiencies. High-color-rendition warm-white LEDs using the phosphor have the color temperature and color rendition of 4732 K and 91.2, respectively, validating its suitability for use in solid-state white lighting. PMID:26331531

  5. Characterization of Bi{sub 4-x}R{sub x}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12} (R{sub x} = Pr, Nd, Gd, Dy, x = 0.8) layered electroceramics by a photoacoustic method

    SciTech Connect

    Huanosta-Tera, A.; Castaneda-Guzman, R.; Pineda-Flores, J.L

    2003-05-26

    We have carried out photoacoustic experiments to study the layered electroceramics Bi{sub 4-x}R{sub x}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12} (R{sub x}=Pr, Nd, Gd, Dy), with x=0.8. Results are shown in terms of successive analyses performed on functions, PA(t, T{sub i}), which result from the interaction of the laser beam with the crystalline lattice. Previous permittivity experiments performed in the materials suggested anomalous ferroelectric behavior. Using a pulsed Nd:YAG laser (10 Hz, 5 ns pulse width), photoacoustic experiments were run from room temperature up to 800 deg. C. Perturbations in the resultant correlation curves can be interpreted as the existence of a wide set of different transition temperatures in the material, such as are believed to occur in relaxors. From these experiments, we conclude that the temperature dependence of non-classical ferroelectrics can be more closely monitored.

  6. Synthesis, phase composition modification, and optical properties of Ce{sup 3+}/Tb{sup 3+} activated KGdF{sub 4} and GdF{sub 3} submicrocrystals

    SciTech Connect

    Cao Chunyan; Yang, Hyun Kyoung; Moon, Byung Kee; Choi, Byung Chun; Jeong, Jung Hyun; Kim, Kwang Ho

    2012-03-15

    Ce{sup 3+}/Tb{sup 3+} co-doped series of samples have been synthesized based on a citric acid assisted hydrothermal method. By controlling the hydrothermal treating time, the samples evolve from the Ce{sup 3+}/Tb{sup 3+} co-doped cubic phase KGdF{sub 4} with spherical morphology into the Ce{sup 3+}/Tb{sup 3+} co-doped orthorhombic phase GdF{sub 3} with rhombic shape finally. The X-ray diffraction data illustrate the phase composition modification process of the samples. The field emission scanning electron microscopy and the transmission electron microscopy images suggest the transformation in the morphology of final products. The spectra of the energy-dispersive spectroscopy reveal the constituents of the samples. And the selected area electronic diffraction patterns prove the crystalline phases of the samples. Based on previous studies and the experimental data, one possible phase composition modification process has been summarized. The photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra and the luminescent dynamic decay curves demonstrate the variations in optical properties of the Ce{sup 3+}/Tb{sup 3+} co-doped final products. - Graphical abstract: Schematic illustration for the phase composition modification from the Ce{sup 3+}/Tb{sup 3+} doped KGdF{sub 4} to the Ce{sup 3+}/Tb{sup 3+}doped GdF{sub 3} with multiform morphologies and different sizes. (C presents cubic phase, H presents hexagonal phase, and O presents orthorhombic phase.) Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The samples were synthesized by a hydrothermal method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The samples evolved from the cubic phase KGdF{sub 4} into the orthorhombic phase GdF{sub 3}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The morphology evolved from the spherical shape into the rhombic shape finally. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A possible phase composition modification process was summarized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The optical properties of final products were compared and studied.

  7. Dy–Mn–Si as a representative of family of ‘Dy–Transition Metal–Si’ systems: Its isothermal sections, empirical rProd. Type: FTPules and new rare-earth manganese silicides

    SciTech Connect

    Morozkin, A.V.; Knotko, A.V.; Yapaskurt, V.O.; Provino, A.; Manfrinetti, P.; Yao, Jinlei; Yuan, Fang; Mozharivskyj, Y.

    2013-10-15

    X-ray and microprobe analyses were employed for the investigation of Dy–Mn–Si system at 870/1070/1170 K. The Dy–Mn–Si system, contains the known DyMn{sub 2}Si{sub 2}, DyMnSi and Dy{sub 2}Mn{sub 3}Si{sub 5} compounds and DyMn{sub 4}Si{sub 2}, Dy{sub 2}MnSi{sub 2} and Dy{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}Si{sub 3} were new compounds identified first time and their structure are of the type TmCu{sub 4}Sb{sub 2}, Sc{sub 2}CoSi{sub 2} and Hf{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Si{sub 3} respectively. The quasi-binary solid solutions were detected at 870/1070/1170 K: the ThMn{sub 12}-type Dy{sub 8}Mn{sub 87}Si{sub 5}, Th{sub 6}Mn{sub 23}-type Dy{sub 23}Mn{sub 72}Si{sub 5}, MgCu{sub 2}-type Dy{sub 33}Mn{sub 58}Si{sub 9} and AlB{sub 2}-type Dy{sub 38}Mn{sub 2}Si{sub 58}. The other binary compounds of the Dy–Mn–Si system do not show any visible solubility. New phases R{sub 2}MnSi{sub 2} and R{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}Si{sub 3} (R=Gd, Tb, Ho–Tm) were found out and their structure of the type Sc{sub 2}CoSi{sub 2} and Hf{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Si{sub 3} respectively. The specific features of ‘Dy–Transition Metal–Si’ systems were discussed. - Graphical abstract: The isothermal section of Dy–Mn–Si contains the known DyMn{sub 2}Si{sub 2}, DyMnSi, Dy{sub 2}Mn{sub 3}Si{sub 5} and new TmCu{sub 4}Sb{sub 2}-type DyMn{sub 4}Si{sub 2}, Sc{sub 2}CoSi{sub 2}-type Dy{sub 2}MnSi{sub 2} and Hf{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Si{sub 3}-type Dy{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}Si{sub 3} ternary compounds. The ternary solid solution based on the binary compounds of the Dy–Mn and Dy–Si systems: the ThMn{sub 12}-type Dy{sub 8}Mn{sub 87}Si{sub 5}, Th{sub 6}Mn{sub 23}-type Dy{sub 23}Mn{sub 72}Si{sub 5}, MgCu{sub 2}-type Dy{sub 33}Mn{sub 58}Si{sub 9} and AlB{sub 2}-type Dy{sub 38}Mn{sub 2}Si{sub 58}. The other binary compounds of the Dy–Mn–Si system do not show any visible solubility. New Sc{sub 2}CoSi{sub 2}-type R{sub 2}MnSi{sub 2} and Hf{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Si{sub 3}-type R{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}Si{sub 3} phases were discovered for R=Gd, Tb, Ho–Tm. Display Omitted - Highlights: • The Dy–Mn–Si section contains three known and three new ternary compounds (phases). • New phase the TmCu{sub 4}Sb{sub 2}-type DyMn{sub 4}Si{sub 2} compound. • New Sc{sub 2}CoSi{sub 2}-type R{sub 2}MnSi{sub 2} and Hf{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Si{sub 3}-type R{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}Si{sub 3} were detected for R=Gd–Tm. • Dy–Mn–Si supplements the ‘Dy–3d metal–Si’ series and leads to the ‘RT{sub m}X{sub n}’ row's rule.

  8. Syntheses, structures, and properties of a series of novel high-nuclear 3d-4f clusters with mixed amino acids as ligands: {Ln6Cu24}(Ln = Gd, Tb, Pr and Sm).

    PubMed

    Shen, Chao-Jun; Hu, Sheng-Min; Sheng, Tian-Lu; Xue, Zhen-Zhen; Wu, Xin-Tao

    2015-04-14

    The first examples of high-nuclear 3d-4f heterometallic clusters with mixed amino acid ligands are reported. Four 30-nuclear clusters {Ln6Cu24}(Ln = Gd, Tb, Pr and Sm) were obtained through the self-assembly of Ln(III), Cu(II) and mixed amino acid ligands of glycine (HGly) and ?-alanine (HAla). The metal skeleton of clusters may be described as a huge {Ln6Cu12} octahedron connected with 12 additional Cu(II) ions. The temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibilities of compounds were also studied. PMID:25756855

  9. Magnetic properties of RE5Ir2X (RE = Y, Gd-Ho, X = Sn, Sb, Pb, Bi) and magnetocaloric characterization of Gd5Ir2X

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schäfer, Konrad; Schwickert, Christian; Niehaus, Oliver; Winter, Florian; Pöttgen, Rainer

    2014-09-01

    Systematic phase analytical studies of the systems RE-Ir-X (X = Sn, Pb, Sb, Bi) led to 15 new stannides, plumbides, antimonides and bismuthides with the composition RE5Ir2X. The compounds have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray powder diffraction. The structures of Gd5Ir2Sb and Dy5Ir2Bi have been refined from single crystal X-ray diffractometer data: Mo5SiB2 type, I4/mcm, a = 775.2(2), c = 1361.3(5) pm, wR2 = 0.0933, 404 F2 values, 16 variables for Gd5Ir2Sb and a = 767.5(1), c = 1368.9(3) pm, wR2 = 0.0694, 571 F2 values, 16 variables for Dy5Ir2Bi. Magnetic measurements of Gd5Ir2X (X = Sn, Pb, Sb, Bi), Tb5Ir2X (X = Sn, Pb, Sb, Bi), Dy5Ir2Pb, Dy5Ir2Bi and Ho5Ir2Pb indicate ferromagnetic transitions at TC = 154.3, 159.3, 124.4, 119.3, 99.2, 98.2, 65.5, 68.6, 45.1, 35.6 and 23.5 K, respectively. Gd5Ir2Bi and Gd5Ir2Sb show an additional antiferromagnetic transition at TN = 118.5 and 91.0 K. The magnetocaloric effect of Gd5Ir2X (X = Sn, Pb, Sb, Bi) in terms of the isothermal entropy change ?Sm is -7.3(3), -6.5(3), -8.7(3) and -9.0(3) J kg-1 K-1 at temperatures of 153, 157, 120 and 126 K for a 5 T field change. 119Sn Mössbauer spectra of Gd5Ir2Sn at 78 K show a huge transferred hyperfine field of 21.9(1) T and an isomer shift of 1.94(1) mm s-1, typical for stannides. 121Sb Mössbauer spectra of Gd5Ir2Sb at 78 K show a transferred hyperfine field of 14.2(3) T and an isomer shift of -7.45(8) mm s-1 reflecting the antimonide character.

  10. Pentanuclear 3d-4f Heterometal Complexes of M(II)3Ln(III)2 (M = Ni, Cu, Zn and Ln = Nd, Gd, Tb) Combinations: Syntheses, Structures, Magnetism, and Photoluminescence Properties.

    PubMed

    Maity, Manoranjan; Majee, Mithun Chandra; Kundu, Sanchita; Samanta, Swarna Kamal; Sañudo, E Carolina; Ghosh, Sanjib; Chaudhury, Muktimoy

    2015-10-19

    A new family of pentanuclear 3d-4f heterometal complexes of general composition [Ln(III)2(M(II)L)3(?3-O)3H](ClO4)·xH2O (1-5) [Ln = Nd, M = Zn, 1; Nd, Ni, 2; Nd, Cu, 3; Gd, Cu, 4; Tb, Cu, 5] have been synthesized in moderate yields (50-60%) following a self-assembly reaction involving the hexadentate phenol-based ligand, viz., N,N-bis(2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-5-methylbenzyl)-N('),N(')-diethylethylenediamine (H2L). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses have been used to characterize these complexes. The compounds are all isostructural, having a 3-fold axis of symmetry that passes through the 4f metal centers. The [M(II)L] units in these complexes are acting as bis-bidentate metalloligands and, together with ?3-oxido bridging ligands, complete the slightly distorted monocapped square antiprismatic nine-coordination environment around the 4f metal centers. The cationic complexes also contain a H(+) ion that occupies the central position at the 3-fold axis. Magnetic properties of the copper(II) complexes (3-5) show a changeover from antiferromagnetic in 3 to ferromagnetic 3d-4f interactions in 4 and 5. For the isotropic Cu(II)-Gd(III) compound 4, the simulation of magnetic data provides very weak Cu-Gd (J1 = 0.57 cm(-1)) and Gd-Gd exchange constants (J2 = 0.14 cm(-1)). Compound 4 is the only member of this triad, showing a tail of an out-of-phase signal in the ac susceptibility measurement. A large-spin ground state (S = 17/2) and a negative value of D (-0.12 cm(-1)) result in a very small barrier (8 cm(-1)) for this compound. Among the three Nd(III)2M(II)3 (M = Zn(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II)) complexes, only the Zn(II) analogue (1) displays an NIR luminescence due to the (4)F3/2 ? (4)I11/2 transition in Nd(III) when excited at 290 nm. The rest of the compounds do not show such Nd(III)/Tb(III)-based emission. The paramagnetic Cu(II) and Ni(II) ions quench the fluorescence in 2-5 and thereby lower the population of the triplet state. PMID:26407121

  11. Light collection enhancement of the digital x-ray detector using Gd 2O 2S:Tb and CsI:Tl phosphors in the aspect of nano-scale light dispersions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Woo, Taeho; Kim, Taewoo

    2012-01-01

    The nano-scopic light collection is investigated for the Active Matrix Flat-Panel Imagers (AMFPIs). The simulations using two kinds of screens are shown for light collection of x-rays. Enhancement of the light collection is accomplished by the microlens system incorporated with x-ray detector. For digital radiographic and mammographic applications, indirect detection imagers use Gd 2O 2S:Tb or CsI:Tl scintillation screens to convert the x-ray into visible photons. The light collection efficiencies for Gd 2O 2S and CsI are obtained. In Gd 2O 2S, the 27 kVp and 82 ?m are the highest light collection cases in both Lambertian and Isotropic geometries. In CsI, 20 keV and 150 ?m case have the highest light collection efficiency. So, x-ray energy and scintillator thicknesses are considered as the optimized light collection. The optimum thickness and x-ray energy combination are used for the detector of this study. In this paper, it is concluded that the screens between 17 kVp and 25 kVp have higher light collections, which could be considered as the clinical purposes if it is necessary. This energy range is compared with other energy cases, which are examined in the study.

  12. Trends in Syntheses, Structures, and Properties for Three Series of Ammine Rare-Earth Metal Borohydrides, M(BH4)3·nNH3 (M = Y, Gd, and Dy).

    PubMed

    Jepsen, Lars H; Ley, Morten B; ?erný, Radovan; Lee, Young-Su; Cho, Young Whan; Ravnsbæk, Dorthe; Besenbacher, Flemming; Skibsted, Jørgen; Jensen, Torben R

    2015-08-01

    Fourteen solvent- and halide-free ammine rare-earth metal borohydrides M(BH4)3·nNH3, M = Y, Gd, Dy, n = 7, 6, 5, 4, 2, and 1, have been synthesized by a new approach, and their structures as well as chemical and physical properties are characterized. Extensive series of coordination complexes with systematic variation in the number of ligands are presented, as prepared by combined mechanochemistry, solvent-based methods, solid-gas reactions, and thermal treatment. This new synthesis approach may have a significant impact within inorganic coordination chemistry. Halide-free metal borohydrides have been synthesized by solvent-based metathesis reactions of LiBH4 and MCl3 (3:1), followed by reactions of M(BH4)3 with an excess of NH3 gas, yielding M(BH4)3·7NH3 (M = Y, Gd, and Dy). Crystal structure models for M(BH4)3·nNH3 are derived from a combination of powder X-ray diffraction (PXD), (11)B magic-angle spinning NMR, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The structures vary from two-dimensional layers (n = 1), one-dimensional chains (n = 2), molecular compounds (n = 4 and 5), to contain complex ions (n = 6 and 7). NH3 coordinates to the metal in all compounds, while BH4(-) has a flexible coordination, i.e., either as a terminal or bridging ligand or as a counterion. M(BH4)3·7NH3 releases ammonia stepwise by thermal treatment producing M(BH4)3·nNH3 (6, 5, and 4), whereas hydrogen is released for n ? 4. Detailed analysis of the dihydrogen bonds reveals new insight about the hydrogen elimination mechanism, which contradicts current hypotheses. Overall, the present work provides new general knowledge toward rational materials design and preparation along with limitations of PXD and DFT for analysis of structures with a significant degree of dynamics in the structures. PMID:26196159

  13. Fully opposite spin polarization of electron and hole bands in DyN and related band structures of GdN and HoN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheiwchanchamnangij, Tawinan; Lambrecht, Walter R. L.

    2015-07-01

    Using quasiparticle self-consistent G W calculations, we show that DyN has an unusual nearly zero indirect gap semimetallic band structure in which the states near the valence band maximum are fully minority spin polarized at ? while the states near the conduction band minimum (at X ) have fully majority spin character. This arises due to a strong hybridization of one of the minority spin f states of dysprosium with the N-2 p bands. The reason why only one of the f bands hybridizes is explained using symmetry arguments. We show that in HoN, this hybridization is already strongly reduced because of the deeper Ho-4 f minority spin states.

  14. Structure determination of KScS?, RbScS? and KLnS? (Ln = Nd, Sm, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm and Yb) and crystal-chemical discussion.

    PubMed

    Havlák, Lubomír; Fábry, Jan; Henriques, Margarida; Dušek, Michal

    2015-07-01

    The title structures of KScS2 (potassium scandium sulfide), RbScS2 (rubidium scandium sulfide) and KLnS2 [Ln = Nd (potassium neodymium sufide), Sm (potassium samarium sulfide), Tb (potassium terbium sulfide), Dy (potassium dysprosium sulfide), Ho (potassium holmium sulfide), Er (potassium erbium sulfide), Tm (potassium thulium sulfide) and Yb (potassium ytterbium sulfide)] are either newly determined (KScS2, RbScS2 and KTbS2) or redetermined. All of them belong to the ?-NaFeO2 structure type in agreement with the ratio of the ionic radii r(3+)/r(+). KScS2, the member of this structural family with the smallest trivalent cation, is an extreme representative of these structures with rare earth trivalent cations. The title structures are compared with isostructural alkali rare earth sulfides in plots showing the dependence of several relevant parameters on the trivalent cation crystal radius; the parameters thus compared are c, a and c/a, the thicknesses of the S-S layers which contain the respective constituent cations, the sulfur fractional coordinates z(S(2-)) and the bond-valence sums. PMID:26146403

  15. Construction of Polynuclear Lanthanide (Ln = Dy(III), Tb(III), and Nd(III)) Cage Complexes Using Pyridine-Pyrazole-Based Ligands: Versatile Molecular Topologies and SMM Behavior.

    PubMed

    Bala, Sukhen; Sen Bishwas, Mousumi; Pramanik, Bhaskar; Khanra, Sumit; Fromm, Katharina M; Poddar, Pankaj; Mondal, Raju

    2015-09-01

    Employment of two different pyridyl-pyrazolyl-based ligands afforded three octanuclear lanthanide(III) (Ln = Dy, Tb) cage compounds and one hexanuclear neodymium(III) coordination cage, exhibiting versatile molecular architectures including a butterfly core. Relatively less common semirigid pyridyl-pyrazolyl-based asymmetric ligand systems show an interesting trend of forming polynuclear lanthanide cage complexes with different coordination environments around the metal centers. It is noteworthy here that construction of lanthanide complex itself is a challenging task in a ligand system as soft N-donor rich as pyridyl-pyrazol. We report herein some lanthanide complexes using ligand containing only one or two O-donors compare to five N-coordinating sites. The resultant multinuclear lanthanide complexes show interesting magnetic and spectroscopic features originating from different spatial arrangements of the metal ions. Alternating current (ac) susceptibility measurements of the two dysprosium complexes display frequency- and temperature-dependent out-of-phase signals in zero and 0.5 T direct current field, a typical characteristic feature of single-molecule magnet (SMM) behavior, indicating different energy reversal barriers due to different molecular topologies. Another aspect of this work is the occurrence of the not-so-common SMM behavior of the terbium complex, further confirmed by ac susceptibility measurement. PMID:26347289

  16. A Family of 12-Azametallacrown-4 Structural Motif with Heterometallic Mn(III) -Ln-Mn(III) -Ln (Ln=Dy, Er, Yb, Tb, Y) Alternate Arrangement and Single-Molecule Magnet Behavior.

    PubMed

    Yang, Hua; Cao, Fan; Li, Dacheng; Zeng, Suyuan; Song, You; Dou, Jianmin

    2015-10-01

    Mixed 3d-4f 12-azametallacrown-4 complexes, [Mn2 Ln2 (OH)2 (hppt)4 (OAc)2 (DMF)2 ]?2?DMF?H2 O [Ln=Dy (1), Er (2), Yb (3), Tb (4) and Y (5), H2 hppt=3-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-5-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1,2,4-triazole)], were synthesized by reactions of H2 hppt with Mn(OAc)2 ?4?H2 O and Ln(NO3 )3 ?6?H2 O. This is the first 3d-4f azametallacrown family to incorporate Ln ions into the ring sets. These isostructural complexes exhibit alternating arrangements of two Mn and two Ln ions in the rings with each pair of metal centers bound by an N?N group and ?2 -O bridging. Magnetic measurements revealed dominant antiferromagnetic interactions between metal centers, and frequency-dependent out-of-phase (${\\chi {^\\prime}{^\\prime}_{\\rm{M}} }$) signals below 4?K suggest slow relaxation of magnetization. PMID:26295925

  17. UV-visible Faraday rotators based on rare-earth fluoride single crystals: LiREF4 (RE = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Yb), PrF3 and CeF3.

    PubMed

    Vasyliev, Valentyn; Villora, Encarnacíon G; Nakamura, Masaru; Sugahara, Yoshiyuki; Shimamura, Kiyoshi

    2012-06-18

    High optical quality LiREF(4) (RE = Tb(3+), Dy(3+), Ho(3+), Er(3+) and Yb(3+)), PrF(3) and CeF(3) single crystals have been grown by the Czochralski technique. Their magneto-optical properties have been measured and analyzed in detail in the ultraviolet-visible wavelength region, and their figures of merit as Faraday rotators have been determined. CeF(3) presents superior properties above 300 nm, showing a figure of merit higher than that of the reference material, terbium-gallium-garnet, which is nowadays used in the visible-near infrared. PrF(3) is the best rotator for the 220-300 nm range. Towards shorter wavelength and in the vacuum ultraviolet, it is shown that the LiREF(4) crystals are unique rotators. Overall, the rare-earth fluoride single crystals studied here exhibit better properties than other materials considered so far, and therefore they have potential to cover the increasing demand for new and improved Faraday rotators in the ultraviolet-visible wavelength region. PMID:22714507

  18. A-site size effect in a family of unfilled ferroelectric tetragonal tungsten bronzes: Ba?R(0.67)Nb??O?? (R = La, Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy and Y).

    PubMed

    Gardner, Jonathan; Morrison, Finlay D

    2014-08-14

    The effect of A-cation size on the structural and electrical properties in a family of ferroelectric tetragonal tungsten bronzes (TTBs) Ba4R(0.67)?(1.33)Nb10O30 (R = La, Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy and Y; ? = vacancy) was investigated. In each case, the crystal structure, as determined from lab-based ambient powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), is metrically tetragonal and can be refined in the P4bm space group. XRD data show an increased splitting of hk0 00l reflections with decreasing R cation size indicating an increasing tetragonal distortion (measured by tetragonality c/a). Dielectric data and ferroelectric measurements indicate that the ferroelectric Curie temperature, T(C), increases with decreasing R size and so a direct correlation between T(C) and tetragonality/ionic radius of R is demonstrated. Rietveld refinements show that the large A2-site is fully occupied by Ba(2+) and, in addition to the R cation size, the presence of vacancies at the A1-site (perovskite-like site) is also shown to strongly affect the stability of ferroelectricity in this structure type. PMID:24950736

  19. Doxorubicin-conjugated ?-NaYF4:Gd(3+)/Tb(3+) multifunctional, phosphor nanorods: a multi-modal, luminescent, magnetic probe for simultaneous optical and magnetic resonance imaging and an excellent pH-triggered anti-cancer drug delivery nanovehicle.

    PubMed

    Padhye, Preeti; Alam, Aftab; Ghorai, Suvankar; Chattopadhyay, Samit; Poddar, Pankaj

    2015-12-14

    Herein, we report the fabrication of a multifunctional nanoprobe based on highly monodispersed, optically and magnetically active, biocompatible, PEI-functionalized, highly crystalline ?-NaYF4:Gd(3+)/Tb(3+) nanorods as an excellent multi-modal optical/magnetic imaging tool and a pH-triggered intracellular drug delivery nanovehicle. The static and dynamic photoluminescence spectroscopy showed the presence of sharp emission peaks, with long lifetimes (?3.5 milliseconds), suitable for optical imaging. The static magnetic susceptibility measurements at room temperature showed a strong paramagnetic signal (?? 3.8 × 10(-5) emu g(-1) Oe(-1)). The nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements showed fair T1 relaxivity (r1 = 1.14 s(-1) mM(-1)) and magnetic resonance imaging gave enhanced T1-weighted MRI images with increased concentrations of ?-NaYF4:Gd(3+)/Tb(3+) making them suitable for simultaneous magnetic resonance imaging. In addition, an anticancer drug, doxorubicin (DOX) was conjugated to the amine-functionalized ?-NaYF4:Gd(3+)/Tb(3+) nanorods via pH-sensitive hydrazone bond linkages enabling them as a pH-triggered, site-specific drug delivery nanovehicle for DOX release inside tumor cells. A comparison between in vitro DOX release studies undertaken in normal physiological (pH 7.4) and acidic (pH 5.0) environments showed an enhanced DOX dissociation (?80%) at pH 5.0. The multifunctional material was also applied as an optical probe to confirm the conjugation of DOX and to monitor DOX release via a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) mechanism. The DOX-conjugated ?-NaYF4:Gd(3+)/Tb(3+) nanorods exhibited a cytotoxic effect on MCF-7 breast cancer cells and their uptake by MCF-7 cells was demonstrated using confocal laser scanning microscopy and flow cytometry. The comparative cellular uptakes of free DOX and DOX-conjugated ?-NaYF4:Gd(3+)/Tb(3+) nanorods were studied in tumor microenvironment conditions (pH 6.5) using confocal imaging, which showed an increased uptake of DOX-conjugated ?-NaYF4:Gd(3+)/Tb(3+) nanorods. Thus, DOX-conjugated ?-NaYF4:Gd(3+)/Tb(3+) nanorods combining pH-triggered drug delivery, efficient luminescence and paramagnetic properties are promising for a potential multifunctional platform for cancer therapy, biodetection, and optical and magnetic resonance imaging. PMID:26538278

  20. TB Terms

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of Verified Case of Tuberculosis National Tuberculosis Indicators Project (NTIP): Frequently Asked Questions TB Genotyping TB Genotyping Information Management System (TB GIMS) Drug-Resistant TB Multidrug-Resistant ...

  1. Tetranuclear lanthanide (III) complexes containing dimeric subunits: single-molecule magnet behavior for the Dy4 analogue.

    PubMed

    Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli; Das, Sourav; Dey, Atanu; Hossain, Sakiat; Sutter, Jean-Pascal

    2013-10-21

    The reaction of the lanthanide(III) salts [Dy(III), Tb(III), and Gd (III)] with a hetero donor chelating ligand N'-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene)-6-(hydroxymethyl) picolinohydrazide (LH3) and pivalic acid (PivH) in the presence of tetra-n-butylammonium hydroxide (TBAH) afforded the tetranuclear Ln(III) coordination compounds, [Ln4(LH)2(LH2)2(?2-?(1)?(1)Piv)2(?(1)Piv)4]·2CHCl3 [Ln = Dy(1), Tb(2), and Gd(3)]. The molecular structure of these complexes reveals that the tetranuclear derivatives are composed of two dinuclear subunits which are interconnected through the coordination action of the picolinoyl hydrazine ligand. Within each subunit two different types of Ln(III) ions are present. One of these is eight-coordinate in a distorted triangular dodecahedral geometry while the other is nine-coordinate in a distorted spherical capped square antiprism geometry. Alternating current (ac) susceptibility measurements of complex 1 reveal a frequency- and temperature-dependent two step out-of-phase signals under 1kOe DC field which is characteristic of a single-molecule magnet (SMM) behavior. Analysis of the magnetic data afforded the anisotropic barriers and relaxation times: ?/kB = 62.6 K, ?0 = 8.7 × 10(-7) s; ?/kB = 26.3 K, ?0 = 1.26 × 10(-6) s for the slow and fast relaxations respectively. PMID:24111517

  2. Blue light emitting SrSn(OH){sub 6} nano-rods doped with lanthanide ions (Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} and Dy{sup 3+})

    SciTech Connect

    Patel, D.K.; Nuwad, J.; Rajeswari, B.; Vishwanadh, B.; Sudarsan, V.; Vatsa, R.K.; Kadam, R.M.; Pillai, C.G.S.; Kulshreshtha, S.K.

    2013-02-15

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ? Room temperature synthesis of blue light emitting SrSn(OH){sub 6} nano-rods. ? Blue light emission originates from the recombination of self trapped excitons. ? There exists energy transfer from host to lanthanide ions in SrSn(OH){sub 6}:Ln nano-rods. ? Solubility of Eu{sup 3+} ions in SrSn(OH){sub 6} nano-rods is around 1.5 at%. -- Abstract: Blue light emitting SrSn(OH){sub 6} nano-rods were prepared in aqueous medium at room temperature. Presence of lanthanide ions in reaction medium during synthesis of nano-rods, leads to significant changes in the morphology of the nano-rods. Based on luminescence studies emission in the blue region from SrSn(OH){sub 6} nano-rods has been attributed to radiative recombination of self trapped excitons in the lattice. SrSn(OH){sub 6} nano-rods were doped with lanthanide ions like Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} and Dy{sup 3+} and their luminescence studies revealed that there exists energy transfer from host to lanthanide ions. From the luminescence studies on Eu{sup 3+} doped samples, it is confirmed that up to 1.5 at%, Eu{sup 3+} ions get incorporated at Sr{sup 2+} site in SrSn(OH){sub 6} lattice and beyond which a separate Eu{sup 3+} containing phase is formed. Part of the europium ions also exists as Eu{sup 2+} species in the lattice as confirmed by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) studies.

  3. Tuberculosis (TB)

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    ... Skip Content Marketing Share this: Main Content Area Tuberculosis (TB) Overview In developed countries, such as the ... thought to be infected with TB bacteria, Mycobacterium tuberculosis ( Mtb ). TB is a chronic bacterial infection. It ...

  4. Tuberculosis (TB)

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    ... Skip Content Marketing Share this: Main Content Area Tuberculosis Research The New Challenge for TB Research NIAID ... HIV/AIDS Multidrug-Resistant and Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis Research Agenda (PDF) TB Research at NIAID Research ...

  5. Crystal structures of new potassium silicates and aluminosilicates of Sm, Tb, Gd, and Yb and their relation to the armstrongite (CaZr(Si6O15)·3H2O) structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taroev, Vladimir K.; Kashaev, Anvar A.; Malcherek, Thomas; Goettlicher, Joerg; Kaneva, Ekaterina V.; Vasiljev, Alexander D.; Suvorova, Ludmila F.; Suvorova, Daria S.; Tauson, Vladimir L.

    2015-07-01

    Silicates of composition K7.81Sm3Si12O32(OH)0.81·0.77H2O and K7Tb3Si12O32·1.36H2O, with the space group P 1 bar and unit cell parameters of a=6.9218(3), b=11.4653(4), c=11.6215(4) Å, ?=88.063(3)°, ?=88.449(3)°, ?=79.266(3)° and a=6.872(3), b=11.440(5), c=11.542(6) Å, ?=88.19(4)°, ?=88.86(4)°, ?=79.65(4)°, respectively, were synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. Both crystal structures were determined from twinned crystals, and can be idealized to a composition of K7Ln3Si12O32 (KOH)x(H2O)(2-x) (Ln=Sm, Tb), which is closely related to K8Nd3Si12O32(OH). Crystals of the aluminosilicates K2GdAlSi4O12·0.25H2O and K2SmAlSi4O12·0.375H2O prepared by the same method possess monoclinic symmetry with the space group C2/c. The corresponding unit cell parameters are: a=26.67(1), b=7.294(3), c=14.835(6) Å, ?=123.44(3)°; and a=26.7406(9), b=7.3288(2), c=14.8498 (6) Å, ?=123.514(1)°, respectively. A new type of silicate anion that forms tubes was detected in the K4Yb2Si8O21 structure. K4Yb2Si8O21 is of monoclinic symmetry with the space group C2/c. The unit cell parameters are: a=17.440(2), b=11.786(1), c=12.802 (2) Å, and ?=130.902(1)°. The structure is a mixed framework of tubes formed by silica-oxygen tetrahedra connected by pairs of edge sharing Yb-octahedra. The relation of the silicate layers and frameworks encountered in these compounds to the armstrongite silicate framework is discussed.

  6. Spontaneous polarization and pyroelectric effect in the improper ferroelectrics-ferroelastics Gd2(MoO4)3 and Tb2(MoO4)3 at low temperatures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matyjasik, S.; Shaldin, Yu. V.

    2013-11-01

    The experimental variations in the spontaneous polarization ?Ps(T) and pyroelectric coefficient ?s(T) for Gd2(MoO4)3 (GMO) and Tb2(MoO4)3 (TMO) at low temperatures reported here differ from those for intrinsic ferroelectrics. A fundamental difference is found in the repolarization behavior of samples of GMO and TMO at fixed temperatures of 300 and 4.2 K. While the single domain formation temperature essentially has no effect on the measurements for TMO, a fundamental difference is observed in the case of GMO: single domain formation in the latter at 4.2 K leads to an order of magnitude increase in ?Ps at T > 85 K and distinct anomalies are observed in ?s(T), at one of which the pyroelectric coefficient reaches a record peak of 3 × 10-4 C/(m2.K) at T = 25 K. At T = 200 K the pyroelectric coefficients equal -1.45 and -1.8 in units of 10-6 C/(m2.K). Based on these results and taking published data on the rotational structural transformation in the (001) plane and symmetry considerations into account, we propose a crystal physical model for GMO-type improper ferroelectrics consisting of four mesotetrahedra, each of which is made up of three different types (a, b, c) of MoO4 coordination tetrahedra. The physical significance of the pseudodeviator coefficient Q12*, which initiates the phase transition at T > 433 K from one non-centrally symmetric phase (mm2) into another (4¯2m), is discussed in terms of this model.

  7. Magnetic and transport properties of i-R-Cd icosahedral quasicrystals (R=Y, Gd-Tm)

    SciTech Connect

    Kong, Tai; Bud'ko, Sergey L.; Jesche, Anton; McArthur, John; Kreyssig, Andreas; Goldman, Alan I.; Canfield, Paul C.

    2014-07-01

    We present a detailed characterization of the recently discovered i-R-Cd (R=Y,Gd-Tm) binary quasicrystals by means of x-ray diffraction, temperature-dependent dc and ac magnetization, temperature-dependent resistance, and temperature-dependent specific heat measurements. Structurally, the broadening of x-ray diffraction peaks found for i-R-Cd is dominated by frozen-in phason strain, which is essentially independent of R. i-Y-Cd is weakly diamagnetic and manifests a temperature-independent susceptibility. i-Gd-Cd can be characterized as a spin glass below 4.6 K via dc magnetization cusp, a third order nonlinear magnetic susceptibility peak, a frequency-dependent freezing temperature, and a broad maximum in the specific heat. i-R-Cd (R=Ho-Tm) is similar to i-Gd-Cd in terms of features observed in thermodynamic measurements. i-Tb-Cd and i-Dy-Cd do not show a clear cusp in their zero-field-cooled dc magnetization data, but instead show a more rounded, broad local maximum. The resistivity for i-R-Cd is of order 300?? cm and weakly temperature dependent. The characteristic freezing temperatures for i-R-Cd (R=Gd-Tm) deviate from the de Gennes scaling, in a manner consistent with crystal electric field splitting induced local moment anisotropy.

  8. Polarized Raman and IR spectra of oriented Cd(0.9577)Gd(0.0282)?(0.0141)MoO4 and Cd(0.9346)Dy(0.0436)?(0.0218)MoO4 single crystals where ? denotes the cationic vacancies.

    PubMed

    Macalik, L; Tomaszewicz, E; Ptak, M; Hanuza, J; Berkowski, M; Ropuszynska-Robak, P

    2015-09-01

    Polarized Fourier Transform IR and Raman spectra of Cd0.9577Gd0.0282?0.0141MoO4 and Cd0.9346Dy0.0436?0.0218MoO4 oriented single crystals have been recorded and analyzed using the factor group approach (? denotes the cationic vacancies). The tetragonal I41/a (C4h(6)) space group with Z=2 has been applied in the discussion. The influence of the structural changes induced by the defects in the CdMoO4 host lattice on the vibrational symmetry rules has been analyzed. The assignment of the observed bands to the internal and external modes has been proposed. PMID:25897720

  9. Polarized Raman and IR spectra of oriented Cd0.9577Gd0.0282?0.0141MoO4 and Cd0.9346Dy0.0436?0.0218MoO4 single crystals where ? denotes the cationic vacancies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Macalik, L.; Tomaszewicz, E.; Ptak, M.; Hanuza, J.; Berkowski, M.; Ropuszynska-Robak, P.

    2015-09-01

    Polarized Fourier Transform IR and Raman spectra of Cd0.9577Gd0.0282?0.0141MoO4 and Cd0.9346Dy0.0436?0.0218MoO4 oriented single crystals have been recorded and analyzed using the factor group approach (? denotes the cationic vacancies). The tetragonal I41/a (C4h6) space group with Z = 2 has been applied in the discussion. The influence of the structural changes induced by the defects in the CdMoO4 host lattice on the vibrational symmetry rules has been analyzed. The assignment of the observed bands to the internal and external modes has been proposed.

  10. Investigation of annealed and metamict pyrochlore minerals by x-ray absorption spectroscopy. [Synthetic pyrochlores with general formula (RE)/sub 2/Ti/sub 2/O/sub 7/, RE = Er, Y/sub 2/, Gd/sub 2/, Dy, La

    SciTech Connect

    Greegor, R.B.; Lytle, F.W.; Ewing, R.C.; Chakoumakos, B.C.; Lumpkin, G.R.

    1984-01-01

    Materials of the pyrochlore structure type exhibit a variety of interesting properties including phases capable of acting as hosts for actinides in radioactive wastes. Studies of curium doped gadolinium titanate phases (Gd/sub 2/Ti/sub 2/O/sub 7/) have been made which showed that the radiation damage ingrowth followed an exponential relationship. For the study reported here a series of synthetic pyrochlores were produced having the titanate phase with the general formula (RE)/sub 2/Ti/sub 2/O/sub 7/, RE = Er, Y/sub 2/, Gd/sub 2/, Dy, La. Additionally a set of metamict (radiation damaged) pyrochlores was examined in both a natural and post temperature annealed state. Experiments were conducted on these samples using the Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) and X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES) techniques. In summary, these studies show that in pyrochlore structure types the Ti-O cage undergoes changes due to radiation damage. The individual Ti-O bonds become more disordered which leads to a loss of short and long range order and, ultimately, to expansion of the bulk material. 2 refs., 2 figs.

  11. Hydrothermal synthesis, structure and optical properties of two novel nanosized Ln26 @CO3 (Ln=Dy and Tb) cluster-based lanthanide-transition-metal organic frameworks (Ln MOFs).

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yu; Huang, Lian; Miao, Hao; Wan, Hong Xiang; Mei, Hua; Liu, Ying; Xu, Yan

    2015-02-16

    Invited for the cover of this issue is the group of Hua Mei and Yan Xu at Nanjing Tech University, China. The image depicts star-like {Tb26 } clusters, which are simplified as blue balls, and Ag atoms, which are distributed in the MOF structure uniformly to give a lanthanide-MOF structure with good optical properties. Read the full text of the article at 10.1002/chem.201405178. PMID:25470812

  12. Crystal and molecular structures of the 4-(1H)-pyridone (=L) lanthanide complexes [l brace][GdL(NO[sub 3])[sub 3](H[sub 2]O)][center dot]CH[sub 3]OH[r brace][sub 2] and [DyL[sub 4](NO[sub 3])[sub 2

    SciTech Connect

    Goodgame, D.M.L.; Lalia-Kantouri, M.; Williams, D.J. )

    1993-05-01

    The crystal structures of the title compounds have been determined by single crystal diffraction methods. Crystals of the dysprosium compound are monoclinic, space group P2[sub 1]/c with a = 14.133(4), b = 13.438(5), c = 14.401(4) [Angstrom], [beta] = 103.98(2)[degrees], V = 2654(1) [Angstrom][sup 3], Z = 4, D[sub c] = 1.82 g cm[sup [minus]3], final R = 0.035. The Dy atom is eight-coordinate with a distorted dodecahedral coordination geometry involving two bidentate nitrate groups and four pyridone oxygen atoms. An erbium complex with analogous stoichiometry was also prepared but not structurally characterized. Crystals of the Gd compound are monoclinic, space group P2[sub 1]/n, with a = 11.226(2), b = 9.075(2), c = 16.737(3) [Angstrom], [beta] = 93.88(3)[degrees], V = 1701(1) [Angstrom][sup 3], Z = 2, D[sub c] = 1.91 g cm[sup [minus]3], final R = 0.042. Each Gd atom is bonded to one pyridone oxygen atom, a water molecule and three bidentate nitrate groups. An oxygen atom of one of the bidentate nitrates additionally serves to bridge pairs of Gd atoms so as to form a dinuclear complex in which each Gd atom is nine-coordinate with a tricapped trigonal prismatic geometry. Crystals of L[sub 2]HNO[sub 3] are monoclinic, space group I2/a with a = 12.479(4), b = 6.535(2), c = 14.297(6) [Angstrom], [beta] = 96.07(3)[degrees], V = 1159(1) [Angstrom][sup 3], Z = 4, D[sub c] = 1.45 g cm[sup [minus]3], final R = 0.057. The pyridones are linked in pairs by very short (2.44 [Angstrom]) symmetrical O[center dot][center dot][center dot]H[center dot][center dot][center dot]O hydrogen bonds. Each pair is further linked via a nitrate ion by means of N-H[center dot][center dot][center dot]O(nitrate)[center dot][center dot][center dot]H-N hydrogen bonds, so as to form an extended chevron-like pyridone-pyridone-nitrate-pyridone-pyridone array. Adjacent chains are linked via weak C-H[center dot][center dot][center dot]O(NO[sub 3]) interactions. 5 refs., 7 figs., 7 tabs.

  13. Gadolinium complex and phosphorescent probe-modified NaDyF4 nanorods for T1- and T2-weighted MRI/CT/phosphorescence multimodality imaging.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Jing; Lu, Zhigao; Shan, Guogang; Wang, Sihui; Liao, Yi

    2014-01-01

    To compensate for the deficiencies of individual imaging modalities, lanthanide-based nanoparticles are ideal building blocks for multifunctional contrast agents. Herein, oleic acid-coated NaDyF4 nanorods (DyNPs) were synthesized by the hydrothermal method, and then coated with ?-cyclodextrin (?-CD) and modified with gadolinium complex (Gd-DTPA) to obtain hydrophilic and functionalized nanoparticles (DyNPs-Gd). By loading the phosphorescent probe (iridium-complex) within the surface hydrophobic layer, the developed nanophosphors (DyNPs-Gd-Ir) could be further applied in phosphorescent cell labeling. The Dy in the host induces a high X-ray absorption ability for X-ray computed tomography (CT) and negative enhancement for T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), whereas positive contrast for T1-weighted MRI results from the Gd-DTPA. DyNPs-Gd-Ir has been successfully applied to T1- and T2-weighted MRI/CT in vivo. Toxicity studies demonstrated that DyNPs-Gd-Ir exhibited low toxicity to living systems. Therefore, DyNPs-Gd-Ir could be a platform for next-generation contrast agents for T1- and T2-weighted MRI/CT/phosphorescence multimodal imaging. PMID:24119502

  14. Magnetic ordering in the pyrochlore Ho{sub 2}CrSbO{sub 7} determined from neutron diffraction, and the magnetic properties of other RE{sub 2}CrSbO{sub 7} phases (RE=Y, Tb, Dy, Er)

    SciTech Connect

    Whitaker, Mariana J.; Greaves, Colin

    2014-07-01

    The magnetic structure of the pyrochlore Ho{sub 2}CrSbO{sub 7}, which orders magnetically below 13 K, has been studied using neutron powder diffraction. Ho{sub 2}CrSbO{sub 7} is found to form an “ordered spin-ice structure” where the magnetic moments are constrained along the 111 axes, but with a ferromagnetic moment in one direction. The Cr{sup 3+} ions order ferromagnetically and this is thought to lift the degeneracy of the x, y and z directions in the cubic structure causing the ferromagnetic component from the Ho{sup 3+} ions to align. The pyrochlores RE{sub 2}CrSbO{sub 7} where RE=Y, Tb, Dy and Er have also been prepared and studied using SQUID magnetometry. - Graphical abstract: The Ho magnetic moments align to provide an overall ferromagnetic moment along [001]. - Highlights: • Despite having inherent frustration on the Ho sublattice, Ho{sub 2}CrSbO{sub 7} orders ferromagnetically below 13 K. • Ordering on the Cr/Sb sublattice appears to remove the degenerate ground state for the Ho order. • The Ho{sup 3+} magnetic moments are aligned along <111> directions by crystal field effects. • Y{sub 2}CrSbO{sub 7} with diamagnetic Y{sup 3+} ions also has a ferromagnetic ground state.

  15. Enhanced magnetostrictive effect in epoxy-bonded Tb{sub x}Dy{sub 0.9?x}Nd{sub 0.1}(Fe{sub 0.8}Co{sub 0.2}){sub 1.93} pseudo 1–3 particulate composites

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, J. J. E-mail: liujjimr@gmail.com; Pan, Z. B.; Song, X. H.; Zhang, Z. R.; Ren, W. J.

    2015-05-07

    The spin configuration and spontaneous magnetostriction ?{sub 111} of Tb{sub x}Dy{sub 0.9?x}Nd{sub 0.1}(Fe{sub 0.8}Co{sub 0.2}){sub 1.93} (0.20???x???0.60) alloys have been investigated. The easy magnetization direction (EMD) at room temperature was observed towards the ?111? axis when 0.40???x???0.60, accompanied by a rhombohedral distortion with large spontaneous magnetostriction coefficients ?{sub 111}, which increases from 1640?ppm for x?=?0.40 to 1900?ppm for x?=?0.60. The strong ?111?-oriented pseudo 1–3 particulate composite was fabricated by embedding and aligning particles in a passive epoxy matrix under an applied magnetic field. An enhanced magnetostrictive effect, the large low-field magnetostriction, ?{sub a}, as high as 480?ppm at 3 kOe, was obtained for the sample of x?=?0.40, in an excess of 75% of its polycrystalline alloy although it only contains 27 vol.?% alloy particles. This enhanced effect can be attributed to its low magnetic anisotropy, anisotropic magnetostrictive nature (e.g., ?{sub 111}????{sub 100,} ?111?EMD), chain structure, and the ?111?-textured orientation. In addition, we give a direct experimental support that the ?111?EMD of particle and the strong ?111?-textured orientation are the crucial factors to realize the enhanced magnetostrictive effect in 1–3 particulate composites.

  16. Testing for TB Infection

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of Verified Case of Tuberculosis National Tuberculosis Indicators Project (NTIP): Frequently Asked Questions TB Genotyping TB Genotyping Information Management System (TB GIMS) Drug-Resistant TB Multidrug-Resistant ...

  17. Tuberculosis Facts - Exposure to TB

    MedlinePLUS

    Tuberculosis (TB) Facts Exposure to TB What is TB? “TB” is short for a disease called tuberculosis. TB is spread through the air from one ... Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Tuberculosis Elimination

  18. Tuberculosis Facts - Testing for TB

    MedlinePLUS

    Tuberculosis (TB) Facts Testing for TB What is TB? “TB” is short for a disease called tuberculosis. TB is spread through the air from one ... Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Tuberculosis Elimination

  19. Magnetochromic effect in multiferroic R In 1 ? x Mn x O 3 ( R = Tb , Dy)

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, P.; Holinsworth, B. S.; O'Neal, K. R.; Brinzari, T. V.; Mazumdar, D.; Topping, C. V.; Luo, X.; Cheong, S.-W.; Singleton, J.; McGill, S.; Musfeldt, J. L.

    2015-05-26

    We combined high field magnetization and magneto-optical spectroscopy to investigate spin-charge coupling in Mn-substituted rare-earth indium oxides of chemical formula RIn??xMnxO? (R=Tb, Dy). The edge states, on-site Mn³?d to d excitations, and rare-earth f-manifold excitations all track the magnetization energy due to dominant Zeeman interactions. The field-induced modifications to the rare-earth excitations are quite large because spin-orbit coupling naturally mixes spin and charge, suggesting that the next logical step in the design strategy should be to bring spin-orbit coupling onto the trigonal bipyramidal chromophore site with a 4 or 5d center.

  20. Location of trivalent lanthanide dopant energy levels in (Lu{sub 0.5}Gd{sub 0.5}){sub 2}O{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect

    Retot, H.; Viana, B.; Bessiere, A.; Galtayries, A.

    2011-06-15

    The location of Ln{sup 3+} dopant energy levels relative to bands in (Lu{sub 0.5}Gd{sub 0.5}){sub 2}O{sub 3} was studied. A several-steps analysis of XPS measurements on heavy lanthanides sesquioxides Ln{sub 2}O{sub 3} (Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu) and on Sc{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} reference materials were used to locate Ln{sup 3+} dopant ground state relative to the top of the valence band in (Lu{sub 0.5}Gd{sub 0.5}){sub 2}O{sub 3} within an error bar of {+-}0.4 eV. The agreement between XPS data and model was found improved relative to previous studies. When compared to XPS analysis, prediction based on optical absorption shows a slight underestimation attributed to the lack of precision in Ce{sup 4+} charge transfer band measurement.

  1. Magnetic properties of Fe{sub 2}P-type Tb{sub 6}FeTe{sub 2}, Tb{sub 6}CoTe{sub 2}, Tb{sub 6}NiTe{sub 2} and Er{sub 6}FeTe{sub 2} compounds

    SciTech Connect

    Morozkin, A.V.; Mozharivskyj, Yu.; SvitlyK, V.; Nirmala, R.; Nigam, A.K.

    2010-12-15

    The magnetic ordering of the Fe{sub 2}P-type Tb{sub 6}FeTe{sub 2}, Tb{sub 6}CoTe{sub 2} Tb{sub 6}NiTe{sub 2} and Er{sub 6}FeTe{sub 2} phases (space group P6-bar 2m) has been investigated through magnetization measurement and neutron powder diffraction. Tb{sub 6}FeTe{sub 2}, Tb{sub 6}CoTe{sub 2} and Tb{sub 6}NiTe{sub 2} demonstrate high-temperature ferromagnetic and low-temperature spin reorientation transitions, whereas Er{sub 6}FeTe{sub 2} shows antiferromagnetic transition, only. The Tb{sub 6}FeTe{sub 2} and Tb{sub 6}NiTe{sub 2} phases show same high-temperature collinear ferromagnetic structure, whereas Tb{sub 6}FeTe{sub 2} is the commensurate non-collinear ferromagnet and Tb{sub 6}NiTe{sub 2} is the canted ferromagnetic cone with K{sub 1}=[0, 0, {+-}3/10] and K{sub 2}=[{+-}2/9, {+-}2/9, 0] wave vectors at 2 K. The magnetic structure of Er{sub 6}FeTe{sub 2} is a flat spiral with K{sub 1}=[0, 0, {+-}1/10] at 2 K. The magnetic entropy change for Tb{sub 6}NiTe{sub 2} is {Delta}S{sub m}=-4.86 J/kg K at 229 K for the field change {Delta}{mu}{sub 0}H=0-5 T. In addition, novel Fe{sub 2}P-type Gd{sub 6}FeTe{sub 2}, Zr{sub 6}FeTe{sub 2}, Hf{sub 6}FeTe{sub 2}, Dy{sub 6}NiTe{sub 2}, Zr{sub 6}NiTe{sub 2} and Hf{sub 6}NiTe{sub 2} phases have been obtained. -- Graphical abstract: The novel Fe{sub 2}P-type Tb{sub 6{l_brace}}Fe, Co, Te{r_brace}Te{sub 2} and Er{sub 6}FeTe{sub 2} phases (space group P6-bar 2m) show the complex magnetic ordering below 18-228 K. The magnetocaloric effect for Tb{sub 6}NiTe{sub 2} in terms of the isothermal entropy change, -{Delta}S{sub m}, has the maximum value of 4.86 J/kg K at 229 K for the 0-5 T field change.

  2. Planar Dy3 + Dy3 clusters: design, structure and axial ligand perturbed magnetic dynamics.

    PubMed

    Li, Xiao-Lei; Li, Han; Chen, Di-Ming; Wang, Chao; Wu, Jianfeng; Tang, Jinkui; Shi, Wei; Cheng, Peng

    2015-12-21

    Two unique Dy6 complexes with fascinating Dy3 + Dy3 structures were assembled, showing single-molecule magnetic behavior with high energy barriers of 116 and 181 K for Dy6-NO3 and Dy6-SCN. PMID:26549377

  3. Global Tuberculosis (TB)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Global Tuberculosis (TB) TB is one of the world’s deadliest diseases: One third of the world’s population are infected with TB. In 2013, 9 ... health problem in many other parts of the world. In 2013, 65% of all TB cases and ...

  4. A phosphorus-based compartmental ligand, (S)P[N(Me)N=CH-C6H3-2-O-3-OMe]3 (LH3), enables the assembly of luminescent heterobimetallic linear {L2Zn2Ln}+ [Ln = Gd, Tb, Nd and Eu] complexes.

    PubMed

    Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli; Bag, Prasenjit; Murugesapandian, Balasubramanian; Pandey, Mrituanjay D

    2013-11-21

    The sequential reaction of a phosphorus-based trishydrazone ligand, LH3 with anhydrous ZnCl2 and LnCl3·6H2O in a 2?:?2?:?1 stoichiometric ratio in the presence of triethylamine as the base leads to the formation of monocationic trinuclear complexes [L2Zn2Ln]Cl {Ln = Gd (1), Tb (2), Nd (3), Eu (4) and L = [(S)P[N(Me)N=CH-C6H3-2-O-3-OMe]3}. All the three metal ions, in each of these compounds, are arranged in a linear fashion. The two terminal Zn(II) ions are encapsulated by three imino and three phenolate oxygen atoms while the lanthanide ion remains in the centre with an all-oxygen coordination environment. Detailed photophysical measurements reveal the complete absence of antenna sensitization in all the four complexes. However, a strong emission was found for 2 and 4 when excited directly at their f-f levels. PMID:24018551

  5. A second ferroelectric transition induced by pressure in multiferroic GdMn2O5

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lorenz, Bernd; Poudel, Narayan; Gooch, Melissa; Chu, Ching-Wu; Cheong, Sang-Wook

    2015-03-01

    In multiferroic materials different magnetic and ferroelectric states compete for the ground state and are usually close in energy. This results in a high sensitivity of the multiferroic state to external perturbations, such as magnetic fields or pressure, which has been demonstrated, e.g. in Ni3V2O8,MnWO4,andRMn2O5 (R = Tb, Ho, Dy, Y). Here we report the results of a high-pressure study of the multiferroic and ferroelectric properties of GdMn2O5,theRMn2O5 compound with the highest value of the polarization. The ferroelectric polarization below 29 K is enhanced upon application of pressure. Above a critical pressure, a second ferroelectric transition at even higher temperature is detected through a sizable increase of the polarization and a second peak of the dielectric constant. The ferroelectric polarization at high pressures exhibits two step-like increases upon decreasing temperature. This work was supported by the US AFOSR, the T.L.L. Temple Foundation, the John J. and Rebecca Moores Endowment, and the State of Texas through TCSUH.

  6. Spectroscopic studies of magnetic transitions in TbPO4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, G. K.; Loong, C.-K.; Trouw, F.; Abraham, M. M.; Boatner, L. A.

    1993-09-01

    Rare earth orthophosphates, RPO4 (R = Tb to Lu), crystallize in the tetragonal zircon structure in which R occupies sites of D(sub 2d) symmetry. The R = Tb, Dy, Ho compounds order antiferromagnetically at low temperature with the rare earth moments parallel to the crystallographic c-axis. In TbPO4 the magnetic transition is accompanied by a cooperative Jahn-Teller effect involving Tb ion-lattice coupling which induces a tetragonal to monoclinic distortion of the crystal lattice and a readjustment of the Tb electronic states as required by the lowering of the rare earth site symmetry. The laser excitation and emission spectra of TbPO4 and 0.1% Tb doped YPO4 single crystals were studied below and above the phase transition temperature. Line shapes of transitions in the stoichiometric compound are unusually broad and asymmetric whereas those for the dilute compound are sharp. The TbPO4 spectra show an anomalous temperature dependence near the phase transitions, indicating strong interactions of rare earth ions with environment. Comparison of the optical results with neutron scattering is made.

  7. Treatment: Latent TB Infection (LTBI) and TB Disease

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of Verified Case of Tuberculosis National Tuberculosis Indicators Project (NTIP): Frequently Asked Questions TB Genotyping TB Genotyping Information Management System (TB GIMS) Drug-Resistant TB Multidrug-Resistant ...

  8. Luminescence study on Eu or Tb doped lanthanum-gadolinium pyrosilicate crystal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurosawa, Shunsuke; Shishido, Toetsu; Sugawara, Takamasa; Nomura, Akiko; Yubuta, Kunio; Pejchal, Jan; Murakami, Rikito; Yokota, Yuui; Shoji, Yasuhiro; Ohashi, Yuji; Kamada, Kei; Yoshikawa, Akira

    2015-03-01

    (Eu0.01, Gd0.90, La0.09)2Si2O7 (Eu:La-GPS) and (Tb0.01, Gd0.90, La0.09)2Si2O7 (Tb:La-GPS) crystals were grown by the floating zone method, and their optical and scintillation properties were investigated. Gd3+-to-Tb3+ or -Eu3+ energy transfer processes were found, and photo-luminescence and radio-luminescence emission spectra showed 5D0-7Fi (i = 1-4) Eu3+ transitions in Eu:La-GPS, and 5D3-7Fi (i = 3-6) and 5D4-7Fi (i = 3-6) transitions in Tb:La-GPS. Using these scintillators, alpha-ray imaging was possible with a CMOS camera. These materials can be used for X-ray detection as well.

  9. Questions and Answers about TB

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of Verified Case of Tuberculosis National Tuberculosis Indicators Project (NTIP): Frequently Asked Questions TB Genotyping TB Genotyping Information Management System (TB GIMS) Drug-Resistant TB Multidrug-Resistant ...

  10. IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series. 100. Rare Earth Metal Fluorides in Water and Aqueous Systems. Part 3. Heavy Lanthanides (Gd–Lu)

    SciTech Connect

    Mioduski, Tomasz; Gumi?ski, Cezary; Zeng, Dewen

    2015-06-15

    This is the third part of the volume devoted to solubility data for the rare earth metal (REM) fluorides in water and in aqueous ternary and multicomponent systems. It covers experimental results of trivalent fluorides of Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu (so-called heavy lanthanides), since no quantitative data on solubilities of TbF{sub 4} and YbF{sub 2} (the most stable compounds at these valencies) are available. The related literature has been covered through the end of 2014. Compilations of all available papers with the solubility data are introduced for each REM fluoride with a corresponding critical evaluation. Every such assessment contains a collection of all solubility results in aqueous solution, a selection of suggested solubility data, a solubility equation, and a brief discussion of the multicomponent systems. Only simple fluorides (no complexes or double salts) are treated as the input substances in this report. General features of the systems, such as nature of the equilibrium solid phases, solubility as a function of temperature, influence of ionic strength, solution pH, mixed solvent medium on the solubility, quality of the solubility results, and the solubility as a function of REM atomic number, have already been presented in Part 1 of the volume.

  11. IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series. 100. Rare Earth Metal Fluorides in Water and Aqueous Systems. Part 3. Heavy Lanthanides (Gd-Lu)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mioduski, Tomasz; Gumi?ski, Cezary; Zeng, Dewen

    2015-06-01

    This is the third part of the volume devoted to solubility data for the rare earth metal (REM) fluorides in water and in aqueous ternary and multicomponent systems. It covers experimental results of trivalent fluorides of Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu (so-called heavy lanthanides), since no quantitative data on solubilities of TbF4 and YbF2 (the most stable compounds at these valencies) are available. The related literature has been covered through the end of 2014. Compilations of all available papers with the solubility data are introduced for each REM fluoride with a corresponding critical evaluation. Every such assessment contains a collection of all solubility results in aqueous solution, a selection of suggested solubility data, a solubility equation, and a brief discussion of the multicomponent systems. Only simple fluorides (no complexes or double salts) are treated as the input substances in this report. General features of the systems, such as nature of the equilibrium solid phases, solubility as a function of temperature, influence of ionic strength, solution pH, mixed solvent medium on the solubility, quality of the solubility results, and the solubility as a function of REM atomic number, have already been presented in Part 1 of the volume.

  12. Dy-V magnetic interaction and local structure bias on the complex spin and orbital ordering in Dy??xTbxVO? (x=0 and 0.2)

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Yan, J.-Q.; Cao, H. B.; McGuire, M. A.; Ren, Y.; Sales, B. C.; Mandrus, D. G.

    2013-06-10

    The spin and orbital ordering in Dy??xTbxVO? (x=0 and 0.2) was studied by measuring x-ray powder diffraction, magnetization, specific heat, and neutron single-crystal diffraction. The results show that G-OO/C-AF and C-OO/G-AF phases coexist in Dy0.8Tb0.20VO3 in the temperature range 2–60 K, and the volume fraction of each phase is temperature and field dependent. The ordering of Dy moments at T* = 12 K induces a transition from G-OO/C-AF to a C-OO/G-AF phase. Magnetic fields suppress the long-range order of Dy moments and thus the C-OO/G-AF phase below T*. The polarized moments induced at the Dy sublattice by external magnetic fieldsmore »couple to the V 3d moments, and this coupling favors the G-OO/C-AF state. Also discussed is the effect of the Dy-V magnetic interaction and local structure distortion on the spin and orbital ordering in Dy??xTbxVO?.« less

  13. New measurement of cross section of evaporation residues from $^{\\textrm{nat}}$Pr+$^{12}$C reaction: A comparative study on the production of $^{149}$Tb

    E-print Network

    Moumita Maiti

    2011-09-29

    Production cross sections of evaporation residues, $^{149}$Tb, $^{150}$Tb, $^{151}$Tb and $^{149}$Gd, have been measured using the stacked foil technique followed by off-line $\\gamma$-spectrometry in $^{12}$C induced reactions on naturally abundant mononuclidic praseodymium target in the 44-79 MeV incident energy range. Measured data have been interpreted comparing with previous measurements and theoretical prediction of nuclear reaction model code \\textsc{PACE4}. About 5% and 14% of the theoretical cross sections have been measured for $^{149}$Tb and $^{150}$Tb, respectively. The new cross sections of $^{149}$Tb complement those measured earlier by $\\alpha$-spectrometry. Cross sections of $^{151}$Tb are comparable to the theory. Cumulative cross section of $^{149}$Gd sheds light on the nuclear reaction mechanism. In addition, a discussion has been made to show the feasibility of producing $^{149}$Tb in $p$- and $\\alpha$-induced reactions on gadolinium isotopes.

  14. Concerning the effect of certain admixtures on properties of LaOBr - Tb-luminophor

    SciTech Connect

    Golovkova, S.I.; Gurvich, A.M.; Kra, G.; Bel'shtedt, K.; Birman, T.A.; Katomina, R.V.

    1985-08-01

    It is shown that among lanthanides the most strong effect on the LaOBr - Tb X-ray phosphor luminescence is exerted by Ce (phosphorogen and sensitizer), Sm (luminescence killer), Eu and Yb (phosphorescence killers). The Nd, Dy, Tm, Yb, Fe and Ni impurities in concentration of about 10/sup -5/ g-atom/mol intensify the roentgenoluminescence of LaOBr - Tb. The luminescent-photographic method makes it possible to detect traces of radioactive impurities which accompany lanthanum.

  15. Methane as a Selectivity Booster in the Arc-Discharge Synthesis of Endohedral Fullerenes: Selective Synthesis of the Single-Molecule Magnet Dy2 TiC@C80 and Its Congener Dy2 TiC2 @C80.

    PubMed

    Junghans, Katrin; Schlesier, Christin; Kostanyan, Aram; Samoylova, Nataliya A; Deng, Qingming; Rosenkranz, Marco; Schiemenz, Sandra; Westerström, Rasmus; Greber, Thomas; Büchner, Bernd; Popov, Alexey A

    2015-11-01

    The use of methane as a reactive gas dramatically increases the selectivity of the arc-discharge synthesis of M-Ti-carbide clusterfullerenes (M=Y, Nd, Gd, Dy, Er, Lu). Optimization of the process parameters allows the synthesis of Dy2 TiC@C80 -I and its facile isolation in a single chromatographic step. A new type of cluster with an endohedral acetylide unit, M2 TiC2 @C80 , is discovered along with the second isomer of M2 TiC@C80 . Dy2 TiC@C80 -(I,II) and Dy2 TiC2 @C80 -I are shown to be single-molecule magnets (SMM), but the presence of the second carbon atom in the cluster Dy2 TiC2 @C80 leads to substantially poorer SMM properties. PMID:26350440

  16. Magneto-optic characteristics of BiTbGaIG film/TbYbBiIG bulk crystal composite structure in 1550 nm band

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Z. C.

    2006-07-01

    Using Tb0.85Yb1.62Bi0.53Fe5O12 (TbYbBiIG) instead of the conventional nonmagnetic Gd3Ga5O12, Tb2.43Bi0.57Ga0.1Fe4.9O12 (TbBiGaIG) films were grown on the TbYbBiIG substrate. Excellent magneto-optical characteristics were obtained in the TbBiGaIG /TbYbBiIG composite structure: 4?Ms=0.48×106A/m, ?f=-1117.2deg/cm at ? =1550nm (Faraday rotation wavelength coefficient) FWC =0.049%/nm in the wavelength range of 1550-1620nm at 25°C, and Faraday rotation temperature coefficient FTC =-5.48×10-5deg/K at ? =1550nm. The TbYbBiIG with low FWC and FTC could be obtained due to the compensation effect. The TbBiGaIG layer with a compensation temperature centered in the operating temperature range creates a step function in Faraday rotation, and subsequently reduces the net change of Faraday rotation caused by the temperature dependence of TbYbBiIG substrate.

  17. Ternary rare-earth ruthenium and iridium germanides RE{sub 3}M{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} (RE=Y, Gd–Tm, Lu; M=Ru, Ir)

    SciTech Connect

    Oliynyk, Anton O.; Stoyko, Stanislav S.; Mar, Arthur

    2013-06-15

    Through arc-melting reactions of the elements and annealing at 800 °C, the ternary rare-earth germanides RE{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} and RE{sub 3}Ir{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} have been prepared for most of the smaller RE components (RE=Y, Gd–Tm, Lu). In the iridium-containing reactions, the new phases RE{sub 2}IrGe{sub 2} were also generally formed as by-products. Powder X-ray diffraction revealed orthorhombic Hf{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Si{sub 3}-type structures (space group Cmcm, Z=4) for RE{sub 3}M{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} (M=Ru, Ir) and monoclinic Sc{sub 2}CoSi{sub 2}-type structures (space group C2/m, Z=4) for RE{sub 2}IrGe{sub 2}. Full crystal structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction for all members of RE{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} (a=4.2477(6) Å, b=10.7672(16) Å, c=13.894(2) Å for RE=Y; a=4.2610(3)–4.2045(8) Å, b=10.9103(8)–10.561(2) Å, c=14.0263(10)–13.639(3) Å in the progression of RE from Gd to Lu) and for Tb{sub 3}Ir{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} (a=4.2937(3) Å, b=10.4868(7) Å, c=14.2373(10) Å). Both structures can be described in terms of CrB- and ThCr{sub 2}Si{sub 2}-type slabs built from Ge-centred trigonal prisms. However, band structure calculations on Y{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} support an alternative description for RE{sub 3}M{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} based on [M{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}] layers built from linked MGe{sub 4} tetrahedra, which emphasizes the strong M–Ge covalent bonds present. The temperature dependence of the electrical resistivity of RE{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} generally indicates metallic behaviour but with low-temperature transitions visible for some members (RE=Gd, Tb, Dy) that are probably associated with magnetic ordering of the RE atoms. Anomalously, Y{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} exhibits semiconductor-like behaviour of uncertain origin. Magnetic measurements on Dy{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} reveal antiferromagnetic ordering at 3 K and several unusual field-dependent transitions suggestive of complex spin reorientation processes. - Graphical abstract: RE{sub 3}M{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} (M=Ru, Ir) adopts the Hf{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Si{sub 3}-type structure containing slabs built up from Ge-centred trigonal prisms. - Highlights: • Crystal structures of RE{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} (RE=Y, Gd–Tm, Lu) and Tb{sub 3}Ir{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} were determined. • Strong M–Ge covalent bonds were confirmed by band structure calculations. • Most RE{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} members except Y{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} exhibit metallic behaviour. • Dy{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} displays unusual field-dependent magnetic transitions.

  18. TB Is Back.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Natale, Jo Anna

    1992-01-01

    The reemergence of tuberculosis, particularly of new drug-resistant strains, points up the need for well-coordinated school health programs. Immigration effects, growing populations of HIV-infected persons, and relaxed screening procedures are partly responsible for TB's reemergence. Two sidebars offer advice on coping with TB at school and…

  19. Fusion of $^{6}$Li with $^{159}$Tb} at near barrier energies

    E-print Network

    M. K. Pradhan; A. Mukherjee; P. Basu; A. Goswami; R. Kshetri; R. Palit; V. V. Parkar; M. Ray; Subinit Roy; P. Roy Chowdhury; M. Saha Sarkar; S. Santra

    2011-06-10

    Complete and incomplete fusion cross sections for $^{6}$Li+$^{159}$Tb have been measured at energies around the Coulomb barrier by the $\\gamma$-ray method. The measurements show that the complete fusion cross sections at above-barrier energies are suppressed by $\\sim$34% compared to the coupled channels calculations. A comparison of the complete fusion cross sections at above-barrier energies with the existing data of $^{11,10}$B+$^{159}$Tb and $^{7}$Li+$^{159}$Tb shows that the extent of suppression is correlated with the $\\alpha$-separation energies of the projectiles. It has been argued that the Dy isotopes produced in the reaction $^{6}$Li+$^{159}$Tb, at below-barrier energies are primarily due to the $d$-transfer to unbound states of $^{159}$Tb, while both transfer and incomplete fusion processes contribute at above-barrier energies.

  20. Fusion of {sup 6}Li with {sup 159}Tb at near-barrier energies

    SciTech Connect

    Pradhan, M. K.; Mukherjee, A.; Basu, P.; Goswami, A.; Kshetri, R.; Roy, Subinit; Chowdhury, P. Roy; Sarkar, M. Saha; Palit, R.; Parkar, V. V.; Santra, S.; Ray, M.

    2011-06-15

    Complete and incomplete fusion cross sections for {sup 6}Li + {sup 159}Tb have been measured at energies around the Coulomb barrier by the {gamma}-ray method. The measurements show that the complete fusion cross sections at above-barrier energies are suppressed by {approx}34% compared to coupled-channel calculations. A comparison of the complete fusion cross sections at above-barrier energies with the existing data for {sup 11,10}B + {sup 159}Tb and {sup 7}Li + {sup 159}Tb shows that the extent of suppression is correlated with the {alpha} separation energies of the projectiles. It has been argued that the Dy isotopes produced in the reaction {sup 6}Li + {sup 159}Tb at below-barrier energies are primarily due to the d transfer to unbound states of {sup 159}Tb, while both transfer and incomplete fusion processes contribute at above-barrier energies.

  1. Tuberculosis Facts - You Can Prevent TB

    MedlinePLUS

    Tuberculosis (TB) Facts You Can Prevent TB What is TB? “TB” is short for a disease called tuberculosis. TB is spread through the air from one ... Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Tuberculosis Elimination TB Facts: You Can Prevent TB What ...

  2. Tuberculosis Facts - TB Can Be Treated

    MedlinePLUS

    Tuberculosis (TB) Facts TB Can Be Treated What is TB? “TB” is short for a disease called tuberculosis. TB is spread through the air from one ... Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Tuberculosis Elimination Page 1 of 2 TB Facts: TB ...

  3. Investigation on visible quantum cutting of Tb{sup 3+} in oxide hosts

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Jia Chen, Guibin; Wang, Yuhua; Huang, Yan

    2014-03-07

    Visible quantum cutting (QC) through downconversion was observed upon 4f{sup 8}-4f{sup 7}5d{sup 1} excitation of Tb{sup 3+} in both BaGdB{sub 9}O{sub 16} and Ca{sub 8}MgGd(PO{sub 4}){sub 7} compounds. The QC involves a cross relaxation process between two neighboring Tb{sup 3+}. Modified and new QC models are proposed based on the QC mechanisms in Gd{sup 3+}-Tb{sup 3+} system. Two calculation equations for the cross relaxation efficiency are suggested according to the energy transfer theory and spectral results. By studying the spectral characteristics of Tb{sup 3+} in hosts from fluoride to oxide, it indicates that the visible QC in Gd{sup 3+}-Tb{sup 3+} system may occur mainly depending on the structural features of phosphors, rather than the phonon energies of matrixes. All of the above conclusions have meaning of guidance for investigating other phosphors with QC phenomenon.

  4. Structural origin for the local strong anisotropy in melt-spun Fe-Ga-Tb: Tetragonal nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect

    Ma, Tianyu; Hu, Shanshan; Bai, Guohua; Yan, Mi; Lu, Yunhao; Li, Huiying; Peng, Xiaoling; Ren, Xiaobing

    2015-03-16

    Soluting rare earth atoms Tb or Dy into body centered cubic (BCC) Fe-Ga through rapid cooling significantly enhances the magnetostriction due to strong localized magnetocrystalline anisotropy. Origin of the local strong anisotropy, however, awaits comprehensive microstructural investigation. In this letter, formation of tetragonal nanoparticles with c/a???0.979 has been found in the giant magnetostrictive ribbons Fe{sub 82.89}Ga{sub 16.88}Tb{sub 0.23} due to local symmetry breaking of the BCC lattice using high resolution transmission electronic microscopy. First principal calculations suggest that random replacement of Tb atoms for Fe or Ga in the ordered DO{sub 3} superlattice is beneficial in the formation of such tetragonal symmetry. Exchange couplings between the nearest Tb-Fe or Tb-Tb pairs of the tetragonal nanoparticles might generate strong localized magnetocrystalline anisotropy, leading to extraordinary magnetostriction enhancement.

  5. Tuberculosis (TB): Treatment

    MedlinePLUS

    ... 2/13 By Dr. Iseman Michael Iseman, MD Tuberculosis (TB): Treatment Given the many effective medications available ... Calendar Read the News View Daily Pollen Count Tuberculosis Program National Jewish Health is a world-renowned ...

  6. Tuberculosis Facts - TB and HIV/AIDS

    MedlinePLUS

    Tuberculosis (TB) Facts TB and HIV/AIDS What is TB? “TB” is short for a disease called tuberculosis. TB is spread through the air from one person to another. ... HIV) infection affect TB? The HIV, or the AIDS virus, helps TB germs make you sick because ...

  7. Ferromagnetic Dy-Ni and antiferromagnetic Dy-Cu couplings in single-molecule magnets [Dy2Ni] and [Dy2Cu].

    PubMed

    Okazawa, Atsushi; Nogami, Takashi; Nojiri, Hiroyuki; Ishida, Takayuki

    2008-11-01

    The exchange couplings in [{Dy(hfac)3}2Cu(dpk)2] and [{Dy(hfac)3}2Ni(dpk)2(py)2] (Hdpk = di-2-pyridyl ketoxime) were precisely evaluated by high-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance and pulsed-field magnetization studies, giving J(Dy-Cu)/kB = -0.126 K and J(Dy-Ni)/kB = +0.031 K. PMID:18844348

  8. First-Line Treatment for Tuberculosis (TB), Drug Resistant TB -- A Visual Tour

    MedlinePLUS

    ... NIAID News & Events Volunteer NIAID > Health & Research Topics > Tuberculosis > Understanding TB > What is TB? > Drug-Resistant TB ... Line Treatment of TB for Drug-Sensitive TB Tuberculosis, which results from an infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis , ...

  9. Difference Between Latent TB Infection and Active TB Disease

    MedlinePLUS

    ... weight loss • • May spread TB bacteria to others • • Needs treatment to treat TB disease Additional Information 1. American Thoracic Society (ATS) and CDC. Diagnostic standards and classification of tuberculosis in adults and children. (PDF) Am ...

  10. Unequivocal synthetic pathway to heterodinuclear (4f,4f') complexes: magnetic study of relevant (Ln(III), Gd(III)) and (Gd(III), Ln(III)) complexes.

    PubMed

    Costes, Jean-Pierre; Nicodème, Franck

    2002-08-01

    The tripodal ligand tris[4-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-3-aza-3-buten]amine (LH(3)) is capable of coordinating to two different lanthanide ions to give complexes formulated as [LLnLn'(NO(3))(3)].x H(2)O. The stepwise synthetic procedure consists of introducing first a Ln(III) ion in the inner N(4)O(3) coordination site. The isolated neutral complex LLn is then allowed to react with a second and different Ln' ion that occupies the outer O(6) site, thus yielding a [LLnLn'(NO(3))(3)].x H(2)O complex. A FAB(+) study has confirmed the existence of (Ln, Ln') entities as genuine, when the Ln' ion in the outer site has a larger ionic radius than the Ln ion in the inner site. The qualitative magnetic study of the (Gd, Ln) and (Ln, Gd) complexes, based on the comparison of the magnetic properties of (Gd, Ln) (or (Ln, Gd)) pairs and (Y, Ln) (or (Ln, La)) pairs, is very informative. Indeed, these former complexes are governed by the thermal population of the Ln(III) Stark levels and the Ln-Gd interaction, while the latter are influenced by the thermal population of the Ln(III) Stark levels. We have been able to show that a ferromagnetic interaction exists at low temperature in the (Gd, Nd), (Gd, Ce), and (Yb, Gd) complexes. In contrast, an antiferromagnetic interaction occurs in the (Dy, Gd) and (Er, Gd) complexes. Although we cannot give a quantitative value to these interactions, we can affirm that their magnitudes are weak since they are only perceptible at very low temperature. PMID:12203324

  11. TB in Children in the United States

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of Verified Case of Tuberculosis National Tuberculosis Indicators Project (NTIP): Frequently Asked Questions TB Genotyping TB Genotyping Information Management System (TB GIMS) Drug-Resistant TB Multidrug-Resistant ...

  12. Spin-reorientation in DyGa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Susilo, R. A.; Cadogan, J. M.; Muñoz-Pérez, S.; Cobas, R.; Hutchison, W. D.; Avdeev, M.

    2015-09-01

    We have used neutron powder diffraction to determine the magnetic structure of DyGa. This compound crystallises in the orthorhombic CrB-type structure with the Cmcm space group (#63) and the magnetic structure comprises ferromagnetic order of the Dy sublattice along the c-axis below TC=115 K. Upon cooling below 25 K, the Dy magnetic moments cant away from the c-axis towards the a-axis. At 3 K, the Dy moment is 9.8(2) ?B and the Dy magnetic moments point in the direction ? = 22(2) °, ? = 0 ° relative to the c-axis.

  13. Gadolinium ytterbium trifluoride, Gd0.81Yb0.19F3.

    PubMed

    Vasyliev, Valentyn; Villora, Encarnacion G; Nakamura, Masaru; Sato, Akira; Shimamura, Kiyoshi

    2011-02-01

    A new gadolinium ytterbium trifluoride has been grown for the first time by the Czochralski technique. Although GdF(3) and YbF(3) both present a high-temperature phase transition, the mixed compound Gd(0.81)Yb(0.19)F(3) maintains its crystallographic structure upon cooling to room temperature. Taking into account that both Gd(3+) and Yb(3+) ions are distributed randomly on a single site (Wyckoff position 4c), this is attributed to a mean cationic radius coincident with that of the Tb(3+) ion, so that the stability of the crystal structure resembles that of TbF(3). The grown crystal melts noncongruently at ?1413?K, it is transparent and colourless, and it has a high density. PMID:21285491

  14. TB Screening Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... services. Advertising & Sponsorship: Policy | Opportunities PLEASE NOTE: Your web browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Unless you enable Javascript , your ability to navigate and access the features of this website will be ... TB Screening Tests Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also ...

  15. Scissors Mode of 162 Dy Studied from Resonance Neutron Capture

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Baramsai, B.; Be?vá?, F.; Bredeweg, T. A.; Haight, R. C.; Jandel, M.; Kroll, J.; Krti?ka, M.; Mitchell, G. E.; O’Donnell, J. M.; Rundberg, R. S.; et al

    2015-05-28

    Multi-step cascade ?-ray spectra from the neutron capture at isolated resonances of 161Dy nucleus were measured at the LANSCE/DANCE time-of-flight facility in Los Alamos National Laboratory. The objectives of this experiment were to confirm and possibly extend the spin assignment of s-wave neutron resonances and get new information on photon strength functions with emphasis on the role of the M1 scissors mode vibration. The preliminary results show that the scissors mode plays a significant role in all transitions between accessible states of the studied nucleus. The photon strength functions describing well our data are compared to results from 3He-induced reactions,more »(n,?) experiments on Gd isotopes, and (?,?’) reactions.« less

  16. Scissors Mode of 162Dy Studied from Resonance Neutron Capture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baramsai, B.; Be?vá?, F.; Bredeweg, T. A.; Haight, R. C.; Jandel, M.; Kroll, J.; Krti?ka, M.; Mitchell, G. E.; O'Donnell, J. M.; Rundberg, R. S.; Ullmann, J. L.; Valenta, S.; Wilhelmy, J. B.

    2015-05-01

    Multi-step cascade ?-ray spectra from the neutron capture at isolated resonances of 161Dy nucleus were measured at the LANSCE/DANCE time-of-flight facility in Los Alamos National Laboratory. The objectives of this experiment were to confirm and possibly extend the spin assignment of s-wave neutron resonances and get new information on photon strength functions with emphasis on the role of the M1 scissors mode vibration. The preliminary results show that the scissors mode plays a significant role in all transitions between accessible states of the studied nucleus. The photon strength functions describing well our data are compared to results from 3He-induced reactions, (n,?) experiments on Gd isotopes, and (?,?') reactions.

  17. Magnetic properties of Dy in Pb{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}DyCu{sub 3}O{sub 8}.

    SciTech Connect

    Movshovich, R.; Skanthakumar, S.; Soderholm, L.

    1999-07-02

    Superconductivity can be induced at high temperatures in Pb{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}RCu{sub 3}O{sub 8} (R - rare earth) by partially doping Ca{sup 2+} for R{sup 3+}. In order to understand the interplay between magnetism and superconductivity, the magnetic properties of the parent compounds, Pb{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}RCu{sub 3}O{sub 8}, have been studied. The work presented here includes magnetic susceptibility and specific heat measurements on R = Dy and extends our previous studies on R = Ce, Pr, Tb, Ho and Er. Specific heat experiments suggest that the Dy ions order antiferromagnetically with an ordering temperature of 1.3K. The magnetic susceptibility data are in good agreement with the susceptibility calculated using crystal field parameters that are extrapolated from previous modeling of the R = Er and Ho analogs of this series.

  18. Slow dynamics of Dy pyrochlore oxides Dy2Sn2O7 and Dy2Ir2O7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matsuhira, Kazuyuki; Wakeshima, Makoto; Hinatsu, Yukio; Sekine, Chihiro; Paulsen, Carley; Sakakibara, Toshiro; Takagi, Seishi

    2011-09-01

    We report the magnetic properties of Dy pyrochlore oxides, Dy2Sn2O7 and Dy2Ir2O7. We show that the temperature dependence of the relaxation time ?(T) in the case of Dy2Sn2O7 is very similar to that in the case of a typical spin ice, Dy2Ti2O7. However, the time scale of Dy2Sn2O7 is 10-100 times slower than that of Dy2Ti2O7 over the entire temperature range. Dy2Ir2O7 exhibits a metal-insulator transition at 134 K; it has a broad peak at 4.5 K in the DC magnetic susceptibility, indicating an antiferromagnetic correlation. However, the specific heat has no sharp anomaly at 4.5 K. We show that the Dy moments in Dy2Ir2O7 have no long-range ordering down to 100 mK. We elucidate the anomalous slow dynamics that ?(T) decreases and becomes inhomogeneous below 12 K.

  19. Magnetic, Caloric and Crystallographic Properties of Dy5(SixGe1-x)4 Alloys

    SciTech Connect

    Vitaliy Vladislavovich Ivchenko

    2002-07-19

    Polycrystals of the intermetallic compound of the Dy{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} system, where x = 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.625, 0.675, 0.725, 0.75, 0.775, 0.825, 0.875, and 1, have been prepared by electric-arc-melting on water-cooled copper hearth in an argon atmosphere. A study of phase relationships and crystallography in the pseudobinary system Dy{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} using X-ray powder diffraction data and optical metallography was completed. It revealed that silicides in the composition range from 0.825 to 1 crystallize in the Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 4}-type crystal structure: germanides in the composition range from 0 to 0.625 crystallize in the Sm{sub 5}Ge{sub 4}-type structure, and alloys with intermediate composition range from 0.675 to 0.775 crystallize in the monoclinic Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}-type structure. The -{Delta}S{sub m} values were determined from magnetization measurements for 7 alloys. The alloys with a monoclinic crystal structure which belong to an intermediate phase region have large MCE value, which exceeds those observed in the other two phase regions by 300 to 500%. The nature of the observed magnetic and structural transformations in the Dy{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} system seems to be similar with those reported for the Gd{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} system. However, the interval and concentration range of three different phase regions in the Dy{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} system are different from that observed in Gd-based alloys. A non-collinear ordering of magnetic moments at low temperature was observed for the alloys with monoclinic crystal structure. The Dy{sub 5}Si{sub 3}Ge alloy exhibited FM phase transition below Curie temperature. A series of magnetic transitions were observed at low temperature in the Dy{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} alloys. The number of transitions increased and the magnetization decreased with increasing germanium content in the alloys. The -{Delta}S{sub m} and -{Delta}T values were calculated from heat capacity data for Dy{sub 5}Si{sub 3.5}Ge{sub 0.5} and Dy{sub 5}Si{sub 4} alloys only, due to the fragile nature of the germanides-rich samples. Based on the MCe values, the alloys from the orthorhombic Dy{sub 5}Si{sub 4}-based solid solution and the intermediate monoclinic phase regions may be useful magnetic refrigerant materials in the temperature range {approx}50K to -160K.

  20. Magnetic properties of Fe{sub 2}P-type R{sub 6}CoTe{sub 2} compounds (R=Gd-Er)

    SciTech Connect

    Morozkin, A.V.; Mozharivskyj, Yu; Svitlyk, V.; Nirmala, R.; Isnard, O.; Ritter, C.

    2010-06-15

    The magnetic structure of the Fe{sub 2}P-type R{sub 6}CoTe{sub 2} phases (R=Gd-Er, space group P6-bar 2m) has been investigated through magnetization measurement and neutron powder diffraction. All phases demonstrate high-temperature ferromagnetic and low-temperature transitions: T{sub C}=220 K and T{sub CN}=180 K for Gd{sub 6}CoTe{sub 2}, T{sub C}=174 K and T{sub CN}=52 K for Tb{sub 6}CoTe{sub 2}, T{sub C}=125 K and T{sub CN}=26 K for Dy{sub 6}CoTe{sub 2}, T{sub CN}=60 K and T{sub N}=22 K for Ho{sub 6}CoTe{sub 2} and T{sub CN{approx}}30 K and T{sub N{approx}}14 K for Er{sub 6}CoTe{sub 2}. Between 174 and 52 K Tb{sub 6}CoTe{sub 2} has a collinear magnetic structure with K{sub 0}=[0, 0, 0] and with magnetic moments along the c-axis, whereas below 52 K it adopts a non-collinear ferromagnetic one. Below 60 K the magnetic structure of Ho{sub 6}CoTe{sub 2} is that of a non-collinear ferromagnet. The holmium magnetic components with a K{sub 0}=[0, 0, 0] wave vector are aligned ferromagneticaly along the c-axis, whereas the magnetic component with a K{sub 1}=[1/2, 1/2, 0] wave vector are arranged in the ab plane. The low-temperature magnetic transition at {approx}22 K coincides with the reorientation of the Ho magnetic component with the K{sub 0} vector from the collinear to the non-collinear state. Below 30 K Er{sub 6}CoTe{sub 2} shows an amplitude-modulate magnetic structure with a collinear arrangement of magnetic components with K{sub 0}=[0, 0, 0] and K{sub 1}=[1/2, 1/2, 0]. The low-temperature magnetic transition at {approx}14 K corresponds to the variation in the magnitudes of the M{sub Er}{sup K0} and M{sub Er}{sup K1} magnetic components. In these phases, no local moment was detected on the cobalt site. The magnetic entropy of Gd{sub 6}CoTe{sub 2} increases from {Delta}S{sub mag}=-4.5 J/kg K at 220 K up to {Delta}S{sub mag}=-6.5 J/kg K at 180 K for the field change {Delta}{mu}{sub 0}H=0-5 T. - Graphical abstract: The novel Fe{sub 2}P-type R{sub 6}CoTe{sub 2} phases (R=Gd-Er, space group P6-bar 2m) show ferromagnetic type ordering in the temperature range 14-220 K.All compounds demonstrate high-temperature ferromagnetic and low-temperature antiferromagnetic ordering.The magnetic entropy of Gd{sub 6}CoTe{sub 2} increases from {Delta}S{sub mag}=-4.5 J/kg K at 220 K up to {Delta}S{sub mag}=-6.5 J/kg K at 180 K for the field change {Delta}{mu}{sub 0}H=0-5 T.The R{sub 6}CoTe{sub 2} compounds exhibit the commensurate magnetic structures with wave vectors K{sub 0}=[0, 0, 0] and K{sub 1}=[1/2, 1/2, 1/2].

  1. TB Summit 2014

    PubMed Central

    Maitra, Arundhati; Bhakta, Sanjib

    2014-01-01

    World TB Day commemorates Dr Robert Koch’s first announcement on March 24, 1882, that the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the causative agent of tuberculosis. Currently, the event comprises of several conferences, meetings and activities held all over the world with the singular intention of raising public awareness about the global health emergency. In spite of having discovered the etiological agent of tuberculosis more than a century ago, a sizeable population still contract the disease every year and fall prey to it. In 2012, an estimated 8.6 million people developed the disease with 1.3 million succumbing to it. The number of TB deaths in children is unacceptably large, given that most are preventable. However, the challenge appears to be shifting toward attempts to control the rise and spread of the drug resistant variants of the microbe. To achieve this, a concerted effort from academia, clinical practice, and industry has been put forth. The TB Summit 2014 attempted to raise awareness as well as bring together experts involved in different aspects of tuberculosis research to help establish a more collective approach to battle this age-old disease. PMID:25003368

  2. Superdeformed band in [sup 154]Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Nisius, D.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Khoo, T.L.; Ahmad, I.; Blumenthal, D.; Carpenter, M.P.; Crowell, B.; Gassmann, D.; Lauritsen, T. ); Ma, W.C. Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 ); Hamilton, J.H.; Ramayya, A.V. ); Bhattacharyya, P.; Zhang, C.T.; Daly, P.J.; Grabowski, Z.W.; Mayer, R.H. )

    1995-03-01

    A superdeformed band has been found in the [sup 154]Dy ([ital N]=88) nucleus. The dynamic moment of inertia is identical to that of the yrast superdeformed band of [sup 152]Dy and the transition energies are similar to those of an excited superdeformed band in [sup 153]Dy. It is proposed that the two valence neutrons above the [ital N]=86 shell gap occupy the deformation-driving [514]9/2 orbital.

  3. Crystal Field Disorder in the Quantum Spin Ice Ground State of Tb2Sn2 xTixO7

    SciTech Connect

    Gaulin, Bruce D.; Zhang, J.; Dahlberg, M. L.; Matthews, Maria J.; Bert, F.; Kermarrec, E.; Fritsch, Katharina; Granroth, Garrett E; Jiramongkolchai, P.; Amato, A.; Baines, C.; Cava, R. J.; Mendels, P.; Schiffer, P

    2015-01-01

    Spin ice physics marries that of hydrogen disorder in water ice, first discussed almost 60 years ago by Pauling, and that of low temperature magnetism on certain networks of connected tetrahedra. Recently the classical spin ice mag- nets Ho2Ti2O7 and Dy2Ti2O7 have shown an emergent artificial magneto- statics , which manifests itself as Coulombic spin correlations and excitations behaving as diffusive magnetic monopoles. The related pyrochlore magnet, Tb2Ti2O7, has been proposed as a quantum variant of spin ice, stabilized by 1 virtual excitations between the crystal field (CF) ground state doublet appro- priate to Tb3+, and its low lying excited state doublet. Isostructural Tb2Sn2O7 displays soft spin ice order, and its Tb3+ ground and excited CF eigenstates are known to differ relative to those of Tb2Ti2O7. We present a comprehensive study of Tb2Sn2 xTixO7 showing a novel, dynamic spin liquid state for all x other than the end members (0, 2). This state is the result of disorder in the low lying Tb3+ CF environments which de-stabilizes the mechanism by which quantum fluctuations contribute to ground state selection in Tb2Sn2 xTixO7.

  4. Phase formation in the systems Li 2MoO 4-K 2MoO 4- Ln2(MoO 4) 3 ( Ln=La, Nd, Dy, Er) and properties of triple molybdates LiK Ln2(MoO 4) 4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Basovich, O. M.; Khaikina, E. G.; Solodovnikov, S. F.; Tsyrenova, G. D.

    2005-05-01

    Subsolidus phase relations in the systems Li 2MoO 4-K 2MoO 4- Ln2(MoO 4) 3 ( Ln=La, Nd, Dy, Er) were determined. Formation of LiK Ln2(MoO 4) 4 was confirmed in the systems with Ln=Nd, Dy, Er at the Li Ln(MoO 4) 2-K Ln(MoO 4) 2 joins. No intermediate phases of other compositions were found. No triple molybdates exist in the system Li 2MoO 4-K 2MoO 4-La 2(MoO 4) 3. The join LiLa(MoO 4) 2-KLa(MoO 4) 2 is characterized by formation of solid solutions. Triple molybdates LiK Ln2(MoO 4) 4 for Ln=Nd-Lu, Y were synthesized by solid state reactions (single phases with ytterbium and lutetium were not prepared). Crystal and thermal data for these molybdates were determined. Compounds LiK Ln2(MoO 4) 4 form isostructural series and crystallized in the monoclinic system with the unit cell parameters a=5.315-5.145 Å, b=12.857-12.437 Å, c=19.470-19.349 Å, ?=92.26-92.98°. When heated, the compounds decompose in solid state to give corresponding double molybdates. The dome-shaped curve of the decomposition temperatures of Li MLn2(MoO 4) 4 has the maximum in the Gd-Tb-Dy region. While studying the system Li 2MoO 4-K 2MoO 4-Dy 2(MoO 4) 3 we revealed a new low-temperature modification of KDy(MoO 4) 2 with the triclinic structure of ?-KEu(MoO 4) 2 ( a=11.177(2) Å, b=5.249(1) Å, c=6.859(1) Å, ?=112.33(2)°, ?=111.48(1)°, ?=91.30(2)°, space group P1¯, Z=2). Hereinafter, ? refers to a low-temperature modification.

  5. Radiative lifetimes of Tb

    SciTech Connect

    Den Hartog, E. A.; Fedchak, J. A.; Lawler, J. E.

    2001-06-01

    Radiative lifetimes measured by time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence are reported for 40 odd-parity levels and 36 even-parity levels of singly ionized terbium. The odd-parity levels range in energy from 29000 to 40000 cm{minus}1 and those of even-parity from 21000 to 37000 cm{minus}1. These lifetimes, with one exception, are accurate to {+-}5%. They will provide an absolute scale for accurate atomic-transition probabilities in Tb II (the second spectrum of terbium). {copyright} 2001 Optical Society of America

  6. A TB Space Which is Not Katetov TB

    E-print Network

    Fleissner, William G.

    1980-06-01

    such that xa G Vß. Since r e « and r is TB, by Lemmas 3 and 4, SX/3) G r. Thus xa e Vß Ç] S(ß) c Q - A,Vß[\\ S(ß) G r. LEMMA 8. \\A\\ = o^. PROOF. By définition a (a + 1) U G). Then (Q, z) is TB. PROOF. Suppose K is z compact...

  7. Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis (XDR TB)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... 1993-2011. Is it safe to travel to countries where cases of XDR TB have been reported? ... drug-resistant TB (XDR TB). Since then, more countries have improved their laboratory capacity to test for ...

  8. Registration of ‘Dy10-DLC’ wheat

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Dy10-DLC wheat (Triticum aestivum) was developed by USDA-ARS at the Western Regional Research Center in Albany, CA. Dy10-DLC was identified from an EMS-mutagenized population of an elite hexaploid wheat variety Summit by screening M3 seeds for altered storage protein profiles using one-dimensiona...

  9. Ternary Dy-Er-Al magnetic refrigerants

    DOEpatents

    Gschneidner, K.A. Jr.; Takeya, Hiroyuki

    1995-07-25

    A ternary magnetic refrigerant material comprising (Dy{sub 1{minus}x}Er{sub x})Al{sub 2} for a magnetic refrigerator using the Joule-Brayton thermodynamic cycle spanning a temperature range from about 60K to about 10K, which can be adjusted by changing the Dy to Er ratio of the refrigerant. 29 figs.

  10. Ternary Dy-Er-Al magnetic refrigerants

    DOEpatents

    Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A. (Ames, IA); Takeya, Hiroyuki (Ibaraki, JP)

    1995-07-25

    A ternary magnetic refrigerant material comprising (Dy.sub.1-x Er.sub.x)Al.sub.2 for a magnetic refrigerator using the Joule-Brayton thermodynamic cycle spanning a temperature range from about 60K to about 10K, which can be adjusted by changing the Dy to Er ratio of the refrigerant.

  11. Observation of excited proton and neutron configurations in the superdeformed sup 149 Gd nucleus

    SciTech Connect

    Haas, B.; Ward, D.; Andrews, H.R.; Ball, G.C.; Drake, T.E.; Flibotte, S.; Galindo-Uribarri, A.; Janzen, V.P.; Johansson, J.K.; Kluge, H.; Kuehner, J.; Omar, A.; Pilotte, S.; Prevost, D.; Rodriguez, J.; Radford, D.C.; Taras, P.; Vivien, J.P.; Waddington, J.C.; Aberg, S. Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Chalk River Nuclear Laboratories, Chalk River, Ontario Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario Laboratoirede Physique Nucleaire, Universite de Montreal, Quebec Departmentof Physics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario Hahn-Meitner-Institut, Berlin Department of Physics and Astronomy,University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN Department of Mathematical Physics, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund )

    1990-11-01

    Two excited superdeformed bands in {sup 149}Gd have been observed in {gamma}-ray spectroscopy. Based on the behavior of the dynamical moments of inertia, we assign one band to a neutron excitation and the other to a proton excitation. The proton-excited-band {gamma}-ray energies are nearly identical to those already known in {sup 150}Tb. In addition, two new members of the {sup 149}Gd yrast cascade have been observed, extending the band to spin 135/2{h bar}. The results are discussed in terms of high-{ital N} intruder orbitals in the cranked-shell model.

  12. Proton configurations and pairing correlations at the [ital N]=80 superdeformed shell closure: Study of [sup 145]Tb

    SciTech Connect

    Mullins, S.M.; Schmeing, N.C.; Flibotte, S.; Hackman, G.; Rodriguez, J.L.; Waddington, J.C.; Yao, L. ); Andrews, H.R.; Galindo-Uribarri, A.; Janzen, V.P.; Radford, D.C.; Ward, D. ); DeGraaf, J.; Drake, T.E. ); Pilotte, S. ); Paul, E.S. )

    1994-11-01

    A superdeformed band has been observed in the [ital N]=80 nucleus [sup 145]Tb which was produced with the reactions [sup 112]Sn([sup 37]Cl,2[ital p]2[ital n]) and [sup 118]Sn([sup 31]P,4[ital n]) at bombarding energies of 187 and 160 MeV, respectively. Since superdeformed bands also exist in the three lighter [ital N]=80 isotones [sup 142]Sm, [sup 143]Eu, and [sup 144]Gd, it is now possible to understand the valence-proton configurations of these bands in a systematic way. The T[sup (2)] dynamic moment of inertia in [sup 145]Tb shows no evidence for the [ital N] = 6 quasiproton crossing that is observed in [sup 144]Gd. Comparison with cranked Woods-Saxon and total Routhian surface calculations suggests that the proton configuration in [sup 145]Tb is 6[sup 1][direct product][404][sub 9/2[sup +

  13. X-ray excited photoluminescence near the giant resonance in solid-solution Gd1-xTbxOCl nanocrystals and their retention upon solvothermal topotactic transformation to Gd1-xTbxF3.

    PubMed

    Waetzig, Gregory R; Horrocks, Gregory A; Jude, Joshua W; Zuin, Lucia; Banerjee, Sarbajit

    2015-12-23

    Design rules for X-ray phosphors are much less established as compared to their optically stimulated counterparts owing to the absence of a detailed understanding of sensitization mechanisms, activation pathways and recombination channels upon high-energy excitation. Here, we demonstrate a pronounced modulation of the X-ray excited photoluminescence of Tb(3+) centers upon excitation in proximity to the giant resonance of the host Gd(3+) ions in solid-solution Gd1-xTbxOCl nanocrystals prepared by a non-hydrolytic cross-coupling method. The strong suppression of X-ray excited optical luminescence at the giant resonance suggests a change in mechanism from multiple exciton generation to single thermal exciton formation and Auger decay processes. The solid-solution Gd1-xTbxOCl nanocrystals are further topotactically transformed with retention of a nine-coordinated cation environment to solid-solution Gd1-xTbxF3 nanocrystals upon solvothermal treatment with XeF2. The metastable hexagonal phase of GdF3 can be stabilized at room temperature through this topotactic approach and is transformed subsequently to the orthorhombic phase. The fluoride nanocrystals indicate an analogous but blue-shifted modulation of the X-ray excited optical luminescence of the Tb(3+) centers upon X-ray excitation near the giant resonance of the host Gd(3+) ions. PMID:26661920

  14. Tricks to translating TB transcriptomics

    PubMed Central

    Deffur, Armin; Wilkinson, Robert J.

    2015-01-01

    Transcriptomics and other high-throughput methods are increasingly applied to questions relating to tuberculosis (TB) pathogenesis. Whole blood transcriptomics has repeatedly been applied to define correlates of TB risk and has produced new insight into the late stage of disease pathogenesis. In a novel approach, authors of a recently published study in Science Translational Medicine applied complex data analysis of existing TB transcriptomic datasets, and in vitro models, in an attempt to identify correlates of protection in TB, which are crucially required for the development of novel TB diagnostics and therapeutics to halt this global epidemic. Utilizing latent TB infection (LTBI) as a surrogate of protection, they identified IL-32 as a mediator of interferon gamma (IFN?)-vitamin D dependent antimicrobial immunity and a marker of LTBI. Here, we provide a review of all TB whole-blood transcriptomic studies to date in the context of identifying correlates of protection, discuss potential pitfalls of combining complex analyses originating from such studies, the importance of detailed metadata to interpret differential patient classification algorithms, the effect of differing circulating cell populations between patient groups on the interpretation of resulting biomarkers and we decipher weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), a recently developed systems biology tool which holds promise of identifying novel pathway interactions in disease pathogenesis. In conclusion, we propose the development of an integrated OMICS platform and open access to detailed metadata, in order for the TB research community to leverage the vast array of OMICS data being generated with the aim of unraveling the holy grail of TB research: correlates of protection. PMID:26046091

  15. Activation cross-sections of deuteron induced reactions on natGd up to 50 MeV

    E-print Network

    F. Tárkányi; S. Takács; F. Ditrói; J. Csikai; A. Hermanne; A. V. Ignatyuk

    2013-10-24

    Activation cross-sections are presented for the first time for natGd(d,xn)161,160,156(m+), 154,154m1,154m2,153,152(m+),151(m+)Tb, natGd(d,x)159,153,151Gd and natGd(d,x)156Eu reactions from their respective thresholds up to 50 MeV. The cross-sections were measured by the stacked-foil irradiation technique and by using high resolution gamma-ray spectrometry. The measured values were compared with the results of theoretical models calculated by the computer codes ALICE-D, EMPIRE-D and TALYS (data from TENDL library). Integral yields of the reaction products were deduced from the excitation functions.

  16. Synthesis and photoluminescence characteristics of Dy{sup 3+} doped NaY(WO{sub 4}){sub 2} phosphors

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Xiaohua; Xiang, Wendou; Chen, Fengming; Hu, Zhengfa; Zhang, Wei

    2013-02-15

    Graphical abstract: The phosphor powders of NaY(WO{sub 4}){sub 2}: Dy{sup 3+} were prepared by solid state reaction. For the different kinds of excitations, the dependence of luminescence intensity on the Tb{sup 3+} concentration was investigated. Display Omitted Highlights: ? We synthesize NaY(WO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors by the solid-state reaction technique. ? We observe and explain the change of Y/B ratio with Dy{sup 3+} content. ? The I?x curve shows different behavior for different excitations. ? The concentration quenching mechanism is the d–d interaction. -- Abstract: The novel phosphor powders of NaY(WO{sub 4}){sub 2} doped with Dy{sup 3+} were synthesized by solid state reaction. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the phosphors sintered at 900 °C for 6 h were a pure NaY(WO{sub 4}){sub 2} phase for all the Dy{sup 3+} doping concentrations. The room temperature excitation spectra of the phosphors vary with the Dy{sup 3+} concentration and consist of an intense charge transfer band of WO{sub 4}{sup 2?} groups and weak f–f transition absorption peaks of Dy{sup 3+}. The photoluminescence spectra, excited at the peak wavelength of charge transfer band, exhibit three bands centered at 488, 575 and 662 nm, which originate from the transitions of {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} ? {sup 6}H{sub 15/2} (blue), {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} ? {sup 6}H{sub 13/2} (yellow) and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} ? {sup 6}H{sub 11/2} (red) of Dy{sup 3+}, respectively. The effects of Dy{sup 3+} concentration on luminescence intensity and the yellow-to-blue intensity ratio of the phosphors were investigated. The different behaviors for the doping concentration dependence of luminescence intensity resulted from the different kinds of excitation was discussed.

  17. Lifetime measurements and shape coexistence in {sup 144}Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Procter, M. G.; Cullen, D. M.; Niclasen, B.; Mason, P. J. R.; Rigby, S. V.; Dare, J. A.; Lumley, N. M.; Scholey, C.; Greenlees, P. T.; Jakobsson, U.; Jones, P. M.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Ketelhut, S.; Leino, M.; Nyman, M.; Puurunen, A.; Rahkila, P.; Ruotsalainen, P.; Saren, J.

    2010-05-15

    The known level scheme of {sup 144}Dy has been extended and lifetime measurements have been made with the recoil-distance Doppler-shift method. Reduced transition probabilities and deformations have been determined for four low-lying transitions. These states form part of the first observed band crossing, giving information on the change in nuclear deformation resulting from the rearrangement of h{sub 11/2} protons in the nucleus. Two bands built upon excited 10{sup +} states have been assigned pi(h{sub 11/2}){sup 2} prolate and nu(h{sub 11/2}){sup -2} oblate configurations with tau=12(2)ps and 0.01Gd.

  18. Simulation of the magnetocaloric effect in Tb nanofilms

    SciTech Connect

    Anselmo, Dory Hélio A. L.; Mello, Vamberto D.; Vasconcelos, Manoel S.

    2014-03-31

    Rare-earth (RE) metals have different magnetic structures resulting from the competition between the crystal-field and exchange interactions. When a magnetic field is applied it creates a third interaction and the magnetic structures are more complicated. In thin films, it is expected that even the magnetic arrangement itself can be strongly modified. Rare-earth helimagnets such as Terbium (Tb), Holmium (Ho) and Dysprosium (Dy) represent the best candidates to evidence such finite-size effects. This finite-size effect is caused by the reduced number of atoms in the direction perpendicular to the film plane that leads to a decrease of the total magnetic exchange energy. We report this contribution to the investigation of magnetocaloric effect (MCE) of thin Terbium films in the helimagnetic temperature range, from T{sub C} = 219 K to T{sub N} = 231 K, for external fields of the order of 1 kOe. We find that for strong fields, H = 50 kOe, the adiabatic temperature change ?T near the Néel temperature is around 15 K for any thickness of Tb films. However large thickness effects are found for small values of the magnetic field. For field strength of the order of a few kOe, the thermocaloric efficiency increases significantly for ultrathin (nanomagnetic) films.

  19. TB deaths reach historic levels. International (global).

    PubMed

    More tuberculosis (TB)-related deaths occurred in 1995 than in any other year in history (almost 3 million, vs. 2.1 million for the TB epidemic around 1990). In the next 50 years, as many as 500 million people may develop TB if current rates continue. More and more of these people will develop multidrug resistant TB. TB affects all social groups. It is the leading fatal infection in youth and adults. HIV positive people are more likely to die from TB than any other condition. More women die from TB than all causes of maternal mortality combined. Almost 50% of the world's refugees may have TB. All people are at risk of TB since TB bacteria, which enter the air via coughing or sneezing, can be suspended in the air for hours. Increased air travel and migration have brought TB back to industrialized countries. Multi-drug resistant TB has emerged in New York City, London, Milan, Paris, Atlanta, Chicago, and cities in developing countries. Governments of industrialized and developing countries have been slow to understand the effects of multi-drug resistant TB for public health. During the 1970s and 1980s, TB was greatly neglected resulting in the current multi-drug resistant TB epidemic. Policy makers have not applied the tools discovered by scientists to help eliminate TB. The World Health Organization recommends directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS) to fight TB. DOTS can increase the number of cured TB patients two-fold. It can cure almost 95% of TB patients with medicines costing less than $11 in some areas of the world. Yet DOTS is being used to cure only 10% of all TB patients in the world. If it were used in Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russian Federation, South Africa, and Zaire, about 75% of all TB cases would be cured. In DOTS, health workers, not the TB patient, are responsible for curing the TB patient. Poor patient compliance is responsible for the current TB epidemic because TB patients remain contagious and infect others. PMID:12320054

  20. Electromagnetic transition strengths in {sup 156}Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Moeller, O.; Dewald, A.; Saha, B.; Fitzler, A.; Jessen, K.; Klug, T.; Heinze, S.; Jolie, J.; Brentano, P. von; Petkov, P.; Tonev, D.; Bazzacco, D.; Ur, C. A.; Lunardi, S.; Farnea, E.; Axiotis, M.; Angelis, G. de; Napoli, D. R.; Marginean, N.; Martinez, T.

    2006-08-15

    Reliable and precise lifetimes of excited states in {sup 156}Dy were measured by means of the recoil distance Doppler-shift technique in the coincidence mode. The experiment was performed at the Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro with the GASP array and the Cologne coincidence plunger apparatus using the reaction {sup 124}Sn({sup 36}S,4n){sup 156}Dy at a beam energy of 155 MeV. New values of the branching ratios of transitions depopulating the levels of the first excited band have been derived. The measured transition probabilities of {sup 156}Dy in the ground-state band and the first excited band as well as the energy spectra are compared to the predictions of the recently proposed X(5) model and to an interacting boson approximation fit. The comparison reveals a different behavior of the intraband transition strengths and indicates a possible coexistence of a normal deformed ground-state band and an X(5)-like first excited band. It also reveals that in {sup 156}Dy, the {gamma} degree of freedom plays a more important role than it does in the well-established X(5) nuclei with N=90. A fit of the data using the general collective model suggests that a deeper collective potential V({beta},{gamma}) may also be a reason for the differences in the spectroscopic properties of {sup 156}Dy and those nuclei.

  1. Crystal structure and magnetic properties of Tb-doped Ru-1222 ruthenocuprates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, H. K.; Kim, K. W.; Lee, M. S.; Kim, Y. I.

    2014-09-01

    The effects of Tb doping on the structural, superconducting, and magnetic properties of (Ru0.9Nb0.1)Sr2(Gd1.34-xTbxCe0.66)Cu2Oz and RuSr2(Eu1.34-xTbxCe0.66)Cu2Oz (x=0, 0.34) systems were investigated. It was found that Tb doping in both systems results in a significant suppression of superconductivity and an enhancement of the magnetic ordering temperature, as well as an enhancement of the weak-ferromagnetic component of field-cooled magnetization. The Rietveld refinements of the X-ray diffraction data at room temperature showed that both a and c lattice parameters decrease and the rotation angle of the RuO6 octahedron around the crystallographic c-axis decreases by Tb doping in both systems. The superconducting and magnetic behaviors induced by the Tb doping are discussed in conjunction with the change in hole concentration and the local structural changes in the Ru sublattice induced by Tb doping.

  2. Tuning Magnetic Relaxation in a Tb-Nitronyl Nitroxide Complex by Using Cocrystalline Paramagnetic Complex.

    PubMed

    Wang, Juan-Juan; Sun, Juan; Yang, Meng; Li, Li-Cun

    2015-12-01

    New 2p-4f and 2p-3d-4f compounds [Tb(hfac)3(NIT-PhNO2)2]·0.5C7H16 (1) and [Ln(hfac)3(NIT-PhNO2)2]2[Cu(hfac)2(NIT-PhNO2)2] (Ln(III) = Gd 2, Tb 3; hfac = hexafluoroacetylacetonate; NIT-PhNO2 = 2-(p-nitrophenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide) have been obtained. Complex 1 consists of mononuclear trispin [Tb(hfac)3(NIT-PhNO2)2] units in which two radical ligands are ligated to the Tb(III) ion as monodentate ligands through the NO groups, while complexes 2 and 3 contain two kinds of trispin moieties, namely, [Ln(hfac)3(NIT-PhNO2)2] and [Cu(hfac)2(NIT-PhNO2)2]. In the [Cu(hfac)2(NIT-PhNO2)2] moiety, the radicals are bonded to the copper(II) ion in the axial positions via the nitroxides. For three compounds, 1D supramolecular chains are formed via the ?-? stacking interactions involving the radical ligands. Magnetic investigations show that both Tb complexes exhibit slow relaxation of magnetization at low temperature; strikingly, complex 3 displays a higher energy barrier than that of 1. It represents the first example to use the paramagnetic complex to tune magnetic relaxation of 4f-based compounds. PMID:26558481

  3. Decay-out of 151Tb Yrast Superdeformed Band and Shape Coexistence

    SciTech Connect

    Duchene, G.; Robin, J.; Odahara, A.; Byrski, Th.; Beck, F.A.; Bednarczyk, P.; Curien, D.; Courtin, S.; Dorvaux, O.; Gall, B.; Joshi, P.; Nourreddine, A.; Pachoud, E.; Piqueras, I.; Vivien, J.P.; Twin, P.J.; Cullen, D.M.; Ertueck, S.; King, S.L.; Paul, E.S.

    2004-02-27

    Linking transitions between the superdeformed (SD) and the normal deformed (ND) wells have been searched in 151Tb nucleus. Two experiments of 5 and 17 days have been performed with EUROBALL IV. Transitions of 2818 keV and 3748 keV with intensities of about 1 % relative to the yrast SD band have been observed. Their decay-out properties are discussed in the text. In addition the eight known SD bands have been extended towards higher rotational frequencies where orbital crossings are observed. For the first time, weakly populated collective ND structures, likely triaxial, similar to the ones recently identified in 152Dy, 153Ho and 155Er nuclei have been observed in 151Tb. The SD and ND structures are interpreted in the frame of Woods-Saxon theoretical calculations.

  4. Pentanuclear [2.2] spirocyclic lanthanide(iii) complexes: slow magnetic relaxation of the Dy(III) analogue.

    PubMed

    Biswas, Sourav; Das, Sourav; van Leusen, Jan; Kögerler, Paul; Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli

    2015-11-28

    The reaction of LnCl3·6H2O (Ln = Dy(3+), Tb(3+) and Ho(3+)) with the multisite coordinating ligand N'-(2-hydroxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)-5-methylbenzylidene)acetohydrazide (LH3) in the presence of pivalic acid (PivH) leads to the formation of three isostructural homometallic pentanuclear complexes, [Dy5(LH)4(?(1)-Piv)(?(2)-Piv)3(?2-?(2)?(1)Piv)2(H2O)]·Cl·9·5H2O·5MeOH (1), [Tb5(LH)4(?(1)-Piv)(?(2)-Piv)3(?2-?(2)?(1)Piv)2(H2O)]·Cl·10.5H2O·2MeOH·2CHCl3 (2) and [Ho5(LH)4(?(1)-Piv)(?(2)-Piv)3(?2-?(2)?(1)Piv)2(H2O)]·Cl·14.5H2O·2CHCl3 (3). 1-3 are monocationic and are comprised of four doubly deprotonated [LH](2-) ligands along with six pivalate ions. These complexes possess a [2.2] spirocyclic topology formed by the fusion of two triangles of Ln(III) ions at a common vertex. The magneto chemical analysis reveals the presence of antiferromagnetic exchange interactions at low temperature, and the Dy(III) complex 1 gives an out-of-phase signal with a small curvature in alternating current (ac) magnetic susceptibility measurement. Application of a 3000 G static field during ac measurement intensifies the signals, revealing a second slow relaxation process in the Dy(III) analogue. PMID:26489889

  5. Manipulation of Dy-Mn coupling and ferrielectric phase diagram of DyMn2O5: The effect of Y substitution of Dy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Z. Y.; Wang, Y. L.; Lin, L.; Liu, M. F.; Li, X.; Yan, Z. B.; Liu, J.-M.

    2015-11-01

    DyMn2O5 is an extraordinary example in the family of multiferroic manganites and it accommodates both the 4f and 3d magnetic ions with strong Dy-Mn (4f-3d) coupling. The electric polarization origin is believed to arise not only from the Mn spin interactions but also from the Dy-Mn coupling. Starting from proposed scenario on ferrielectricity in DyMn2O5 where the exchange-strictions associated with the Mn3+-Mn4+-Mn3+ blocks and Dy3+-Mn4+-Dy3+ blocks generate the two ferroelectric sublattices, we perform a set of characterizations on the structure, magnetism, and electric polarization of Dy1-xYxMn2O5 in order to investigate the roles of Dy-Mn coupling in manipulating the ferrielectricity. It is revealed that the non-magnetic Y substitution of Dy suppresses gradually the Dy3+ spin ordering and the Dy-Mn coupling. Consequently, the ferroelectric sublattice generated by the exchange striction associated with the Dy3+-Mn4+-Dy3+ blocks is destabilized, but the ferroelectric sublattice generated by the exchange striction associated with the Mn3+-Mn4+-Mn3+ blocks remains less perturbed, enabling the ferrielectricity-ferroelectricity transitions with the Y substitution. A phenomenological ferrielectric domain model is suggested to explain the polarization reversal induced by the Y substitution. The present work presents a possible scenario of the multiferroic mechanism in not only DyMn2O5 but probably also other RMn2O5 members with strong 4f-3d coupling.

  6. Tuberculosis: The Connection between TB and HIV (the AIDS Virus)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of Verified Case of Tuberculosis National Tuberculosis Indicators Project (NTIP): Frequently Asked Questions TB Genotyping TB Genotyping Information Management System (TB GIMS) Drug-Resistant TB Multidrug-Resistant ...

  7. Staying on Track with TB Medicine

    MedlinePLUS

    Staying on TB Track with Medicine TUBERCULOSIS What’s Inside: Read this brochure to learn about TB and what you can do to get healthy. Put it in a familiar ... department at ___________________________________________________ or visit the CDC Division of Tuberculosis Elimination website at http://www.cdc.gov/tb ...

  8. Is TB in Your Curriculum?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerr, Joanne; Elwell, Jack

    2002-01-01

    Points out the importance of effective health education to fight against tuberculosis (TB) which is the number one fatal infectious disease around the world. Describes a science curriculum on tuberculosis that includes information on the facts about tuberculosis, a forum on tuberculosis, and evaluation. (Contains 17 references.) (YDS)

  9. Scissors Mode of 162 Dy Studied from Resonance Neutron Capture

    SciTech Connect

    Baramsai, B.; Be?vá?, F.; Bredeweg, T. A.; Haight, R. C.; Jandel, M.; Kroll, J.; Krti?ka, M.; Mitchell, G. E.; O’Donnell, J. M.; Rundberg, R. S.; Ullmann, J. L.; Valenta, S.; Wilhelmy, J. B.

    2015-05-28

    Multi-step cascade ?-ray spectra from the neutron capture at isolated resonances of 161Dy nucleus were measured at the LANSCE/DANCE time-of-flight facility in Los Alamos National Laboratory. The objectives of this experiment were to confirm and possibly extend the spin assignment of s-wave neutron resonances and get new information on photon strength functions with emphasis on the role of the M1 scissors mode vibration. The preliminary results show that the scissors mode plays a significant role in all transitions between accessible states of the studied nucleus. The photon strength functions describing well our data are compared to results from 3He-induced reactions, (n,?) experiments on Gd isotopes, and (?,?’) reactions.

  10. {beta}-decay half-lives of new neutron-rich isotopes of elements from Pm to Tb

    SciTech Connect

    Ichikawa, S.; Asai, M.; Tsukada, K.; Nishinaka, I.; Nagame, Y.; Osa, A.; Sakama, M.; Oura, Y.; Kojima, Y.; Shibata, M.; Kawade, K.

    1999-11-16

    Eight new neutron-rich lanthanide isotopes produced in the proton-induced fission of {sup 238}U have been identified using the JAERI on-line isotope separator (JAERI-ISOL) coupled to a gas-jet transport system. For six of these, each half-life was determined: {sup 159}Pm (2{+-}1 s), {sup 161}Sm (4.8{+-}0.8 s), {sup 165}Gd (10.3{+-}1.6 s), {sup 166}Tb (21{+-}6 s), {sup 167}Tb (19.4{+-}2.7 s) and {sup 168}Tb (8.2{+-}1.3 s). The observed half-lives were compared with theoretical calculations. The recent calculation by the gross theory with the new one-particle strength function shows quite good agreement with the experimental half-lives.

  11. {beta}-Decay Half-Lives of New Neutron-Rich Isotopes of Elements from Pm to Tb

    SciTech Connect

    S. Ichikawa; M. Asai; K. Tsukada; A. Osa; M. Sakama; Y. Kojima; M. Shibata; I. Nishinaka; Y. Nagame; Y. Oura; K. Kawade

    1999-12-31

    Eight new neutron-rich lanthanide isotopes produced in the proton-induced fission of {sup 238}U have been identified using the JAERI on-line isotope separator (JAERI-ISOL) coupled to a gas-jet transport system. For six of these, each half-life was determined: {sup 159}Pm (2 {+-} 1 s), {sup 161}Sm (4.8 {+-} 0.8 s), {sup 165}Gd (10.3 {+-} 1.6 s), {sup 166}Tb (21 {+-} 6 s), {sup 167}Tb (19.4 {+-} 2.7 s) and {sup 168}Tb (8.2 {+-} 1.3 s). The observed half-lives were compared with theoretical calculations. The recent calculation by the gross theory with the new one-particle strength function shows quite good agreement with the experimental half-lives.

  12. Stability of multiferroicity against Dy/Mn off-stoichiometry in DyMnO{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, J. X.; Liu, M. F.; Zhao, Z. Y.; Yan, Z. B.; Liu, J.-M.

    2014-05-07

    We investigate the effects of slight Dy/Mn off-stoichiometry on the multiferroic behaviors of DyMnO{sub 3} (Dy{sub 1?x}Mn{sub 1+x}O{sub 3}). It is revealed that the distorted lattice structure and ferroelectric property exhibit higher stability against the Mn deficiency than the Dy deficiency. Since the electric polarization includes the contributions from the Mn-Mn and Dy-Mn interactions, the measured polarization exhibits different dependence on the Mn deficiency from that on the Dy deficiency. The present work suggests that the Dy/Mn off-stoichiometry is detrimental to the ferroelectricity, owing to the modulated spin interactions and reshuffled spin frustration.

  13. ?-decay half-lives of new neutron-rich rare-earth isotopes 159Pm,162Sm, and 166Gd

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ichikawa, S.; Asai, M.; Tsukada, K.; Haba, H.; Nagame, Y.; Shibata, M.; Sakama, M.; Kojima, Y.

    2005-06-01

    The new neutron-rich rare-earth isotopes 159Pm, 162Sm, and 166Gd produced in the proton-induced fission of 238U were identified using the JAERI on-line isotope separator (JAERI-ISOL) coupled to a gas-jet transport system. The half-lives of 159Pm, 162Sm, and 166Gd were determined to be 1.5 ± 0.2, 2.4 ± 0.5, and 4.8 ± 1.0 s respectively. The partial decay scheme of 166Gd was constructed from ??-coincidence data. A more accurate half-life value of 25.6 ± 2.2 s was obtained for the previously identified isotope 166Tb. The half-lives measured in the present study are in good agreement with the theoretical predictions calculated by the second generation of the gross theory with the atomic masses evaluated by Audi and Wapstra.

  14. Unsuitability of sup 157 Tb for light-neutrino rest-mass studies

    SciTech Connect

    Raman, S. ); Campbell, J.L. ); Prindle, A.; Gunnink, R. ); Palathingal, J.C. )

    1992-12-01

    We have measured accurately the intensity ratio of {ital L} and {ital K} x rays in the {sup 157}Tb{r arrow}{sup 157}Gd electron-capture decay as 0.932{plus minus}0.015. From this ratio, we have deduced a value of 4.0{plus minus}0.2 for the electron-capture ratio {ital P}{sub {ital L}}/{ital P}{sub {ital K}}, leading, in turn, to a decay energy of 60.0{plus minus}0.3 keV. This {ital Q} value is 2.9 keV lower than the currently accepted value. This decay energy rules out {ital L} capture to the daughter excited state at 54.54 keV; therefore, {sup 157}Tb is not a suitable candidate for light-neutrino rest-mass studies based on this {ital L}-capture branch.

  15. Dielectric spectroscopy of polyaniline-Dy 2O 3 composites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sangshetty, K.; Koppalkar, Anilkumar R.; Revansiddappa, M.; Ekhilekar, Shrikant; Ambika Prasad, M. V. N.

    2009-07-01

    Insitu polymerization of aniline was carried out in the presence of dysprosium oxide (Dy 2O 3) to synthesize Polyaniline (PANI)-Dy 2O 3 composites by the chemical oxidation method. The PANI/Dy 2O 3 composites were synthesized with various compositions viz., 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 wt% of Dy 2O 3 in PANI. AC conductivity was studied in the frequency range 10 2-10 7 Hz. It is observed that AC conductivity achieved its maximum value for 40 wt% of Dy 2O 3 in PANI. The dielectric behavior is also investigated in the frequency range 10 2-10 7 Hz at room temperature. It is found that at 10 KHz frequency the 40 wt% composite shows maximum dielectric values. The dimensions of Dy 2O 3 particles in the matrix have a greater influence on the conductivity values and observed dielectric values.

  16. Why healthcare workers are sick of TB.

    PubMed

    von Delft, Arne; Dramowski, Angela; Khosa, Celso; Kotze, Koot; Lederer, Philip; Mosidi, Thato; Peters, Jurgens A; Smith, Jonathan; van der Westhuizen, Helene-Mari; von Delft, Dalene; Willems, Bart; Bates, Matthew; Craig, Gill; Maeurer, Markus; Marais, Ben J; Mwaba, Peter; Nunes, Elizabete A; Nyirenda, Thomas; Oliver, Matt; Zumla, Alimuddin

    2015-03-01

    Dr Thato Mosidi never expected to be diagnosed with tuberculosis (TB), despite widely prevalent exposure and very limited infection control measures. The life-threatening diagnosis of primary extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) came as an even greater shock. The inconvenient truth is that, rather than being protected, Dr Mosidi and thousands of her healthcare colleagues are at an increased risk of TB and especially drug-resistant TB. In this viewpoint paper we debunk the widely held false belief that healthcare workers are somehow immune to TB disease (TB-proof) and explore some of the key factors contributing to the pervasive stigmatization and subsequent non-disclosure of occupational TB. Our front-line workers are some of the first to suffer the consequences of a progressively more resistant and fatal TB epidemic, and urgent interventions are needed to ensure the safety and continued availability of these precious healthcare resources. These include the rapid development and scale-up of improved diagnostic and treatment options, strengthened infection control measures, and focused interventions to tackle stigma and discrimination in all its forms. We call our colleagues to action to protect themselves and those they care for. PMID:25809771

  17. TB in Correctional Facilities Is a Public Health Concern

    MedlinePLUS

    ... component to TB elimination in the United States. Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria that ... is essential to these efforts. More Information Reported Tuberculosis in the United States, 2012 TB in Correctional ...

  18. Synthesis structural and luminescence analysis of NaGd1-XTbx(WO4)2 solid solution for white LED application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Durairajan, A.; Thangaraju, D.; Balaji, D.; Babu, S. Moorthy

    2013-02-01

    NaGd1-xTbx(WO4)2 (Tb:NGW) green phosphor were synthesised by high temperature solid state reaction. Synthesised powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and spectroflorimeter analysis. The formation of NGW scheelite structure was conformed by XRD. FE-SEM images clearly show the surface morphology of synthesized powder. From excitation spectrum, the charge transfer band (CTB) of O-W elucidated at 270 nm and emission spectrum has shown green emission at 545 nm under 270 nm (UV light) excitation. The optimum dopant concentration of Tb has been found to be 15 at%.

  19. Ferromagnetic properties of fcc Gd thin films

    SciTech Connect

    Bertelli, T. P. Passamani, E. C.; Larica, C.; Nascimento, V. P.; Takeuchi, A. Y.

    2015-05-28

    Magnetic properties of sputtered Gd thin films grown on Si (100) substrates kept at two different temperatures were investigated using X-ray diffraction, ac magnetic susceptibility, and dc magnetization measurements. The obtained Gd thin films have a mixture of hcp and fcc structures, but with their fractions depending on the substrate temperature T{sub S} and film thickness x. Gd fcc samples were obtained when T{sub S}?=?763?K and x?=?10?nm, while the hcp structure was stabilized for lower T{sub S} (300?K) and thicker film (20?nm). The fcc structure is formed on the Ta buffer layer, while the hcp phase grows on the fcc Gd layer as a consequence of the lattice relaxation process. Spin reorientation phenomenon, commonly found in bulk Gd species, was also observed in the hcp Gd thin film. This phenomenon is assumed to cause the magnetization anomalous increase observed below 50?K in stressed Gd films. Magnetic properties of fcc Gd thin films are: Curie temperature above 300?K, saturation magnetization value of about 175?emu/cm{sup 3}, and coercive field of about 100?Oe at 300?K; features that allow us to classify Gd thin films, with fcc structure, as a soft ferromagnetic material.

  20. Elevated overview of Piers GD1 and GD2, showing rail lines, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Elevated overview of Piers GD-1 and GD-2, showing rail lines, GD-2 Quay Wall of Dry Dock No. 2 on left - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Dry Dock No. 1, Approach Pier & Caisson Docking Wharf, Ocean end of Fifth Street between Dry Dock Nos. 1 & 2, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  1. Estimating the cost of TB and its social impact on TB patients and their households

    PubMed Central

    Onazi, O.; Gidado, M.; Onazi, M.; Daniel, O.; Kuye, J.; Obasanya, O.; Odusote, T.; Gande, S.

    2015-01-01

    Illness often poses a significant financial burden on individuals and their households, and tuberculosis (TB) is no exception. Although TB treatment is free in Nigeria, patients are likely to incur costs due to multiple visits during treatment. The purpose of this study was 1) to examine the health-seeking behaviour of TB patients and the costs borne by TB patients in Nigeria, and 2) to assess the social impact of TB disease on TB patients and their families/households. Of 260 TB patients surveyed, the majority (74.7%) were aged between 20 and 49 years. TB patients expended an average of US$52.02 (N = 8323.58, at the rate of US$1 = N = 160) per person on all visits associated with diagnosis and receipt of diagnostic test results. Overall, households experienced a shortfall of about US$57.30 (N = 9174.72) or 24.9% of income loss due to TB illness. Further analysis revealed that 9.7% of TB patients relied on children of school age or below to finance the costs of TB illness. PMID:26400384

  2. Magnetoresistance in nanostructured Tb/Ti and Tb/Si multilayers

    SciTech Connect

    Svalov, A. V.; Kurlyandskaya, G. V.; Vas'kovskiy, V. O.; Sorokin, A. N.; Diercks, D.

    2011-01-15

    Magnetic, magnetoresistive and structural properties were studied for [Tb/Ti]{sub n} and [Tb/Si]{sub n} multilayers which were prepared by rf-sputtering. The thickness of the Tb layers varied from 1.5 to 12 nm. The thickness of 2 nm nonmagnetic spacers of Ti or Si was kept constant. Both anisotropic and isotropic magnetoresistance was observed in [Tb/Ti]{sub n} and [Tb/Si]{sub n} multilayers. A decrease in the thickness of the terbium layers led to a decrease in the anisotropic contribution to the total magnetoresistance. The negative isotropic magnetoresistanse in [Tb/Ti]{sub n} and [Tb/Si]{sub n} multilayers can be attributed to the giant magnetoresistance (GMR) and/or high field isotropic magnetoresistance. The structure of the samples of both types enabled the existence of the GMR effect.

  3. Magnetic structure of dysprosium in epitaxial Dy films and in Dy/Er superlattices

    SciTech Connect

    Dumesnil, K.; Dufour, C.; Mangin, P.; Marchal, G.; Hennion, M.

    1996-09-01

    We present a magnetization and neutron-diffraction study of the basal plane magnetic structure of Dy epitaxial films and Dy/Er superlattices. The thermal evolution of the magnetic phases, the stability of the helical phase under a magnetic field, the thermal variation of the dysprosium in-plane and {ital c} parameters, and of the dysprosium turn angle are successively shown. In Dy/Er superlattices, the dysprosium helix propagates coherently through paramagnetic erbium; at low temperature, individual dysprosium layers undergo a ferromagnetic transition and are coupled antiferromagnetically to each other for erbium layers thicknesses larger than 20 A. In dysprosium films, as expected from the epitaxy effect, the Curie temperature of dysprosium is reduced if dysprosium is grown on yttrium and increased if it is grown on erbium, whereas it is unexpectedly close to the bulk value in Dy/Er superlattices. This amazing value of the Curie temperature in superlattices is correlated to two main experimentally observed effects: (i) the magnetoelastic driving force is reduced compared to bulk dysprosium because of the clamped {gamma} distortion; (ii) the difference between the exchange energies in the helical and the ferromagnetic phases is increased compared to the bulk value. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  4. Synthesis and Characterization of New Germanate Pyrochlores, A2Ge2O7 (A = Tb, Yb, Er)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hallas, Alannah; Zhou, Haidong; Arevalo Lopez, Angel; Silverstein, Harlyn; Attfield, J. Paul; Wiebe, Christopher

    2013-03-01

    The titanate pyrochlores, A2Ti2O7, have yielded some of the most well-studied geometrically frustrated magnetic materials. A new class of pyrochlores with germanium on the B-site is now being investigated. The germanates, which in many cases share ground states with their titanate analogues, are far more highly correlated due to the smaller B-site cation. Two germanate pyrochlores, Ho2Ge2O7 and Dy2Ge2O7, were previously synthesized and characterized as new spin ice compounds. We now present the new germanate pyrochlores, A2Ge2O7 with A = Tb, Yb, and Er. Based on the titanates, three distinctly different magnetic ground states can be expected for these materials: Er2Ti2O7 has an ``order-by-disorder'' mechanism, Yb2Ti2O7 is a quantum spin ice and Tb2Ti2O7 is a spin liquid. Preliminary measurements on Tb2Ge2O7 indicate that it too is a spin liquid down to at least 0.35 K. We will present the characterizations of A2Ge2O7 (A = Tb, Yb, Er) and compare them to the titanates.

  5. Multiple superdeformed bands in sup 153 Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Johansson, J.K.; Andrews, H.R.; Bengtsson, T.; Djaafri, A.; Drake, T.E.; Flibotte, S.; Galindo-Uribarri, A.; Horn, D.; Janzen, V.P.; Kuehner, J.A.; Monaro, S.; Nadon, N.; Pilotte, S.; Prevost, D.; Radford, D.C.; Ragnarsson, I.; Taras, P.; Tehami, A.; Waddington, J.C.; Ward, D.; Aberg, S. Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Chalk River Nuclear Laboratories, Chalk River, Ontario, Canada K0J 1J0)

    1989-11-13

    Multiple superdeformed rotational bands have been identified in a nucleus for the first time. Cascades of 14, 13, and 11 transitions have been assigned to three bands in {sup 153}Dy. Despite the small intensities, it has been possible to follow the decay of these bands from an angular frequency of 0.7 down to 0.4 MeV/{h bar}. In all three cases, the dynamic moment of inertia {ital I}{sup (2)} is nearly constant. Assignments to high-{ital N} intruder orbitals are suggested through comparison of these values of {ital I}{sup (2)} with theoretical calculations based on the cranked shell model.

  6. Electrical resistivity and thermopower of single-crystal RNi2B2C (R=Dy, Ho, Er, Tm) magnetic superconductors 

    E-print Network

    Bhatnagar, AK; Rathnayaka, KDD; Naugle, Donald G.; Canfield, PC.

    1997-01-01

    is Y or a rare-earth element ~Lu-Gd!, exhibit a wide variety of physical proper- ties. The structure of these compounds is body-centered te- tragonal ~space group I4/mmm! with alternating square pla- nar layers of rare-earth carbides and corrugated... in the electron scattering by the disordered spin structure above TN . The superconductivity sets in at T5Tc*?6.6 K with the superconducting transition temperature Tc56.0 K, defined as the temperature at which the steepest part of the FIG. 1. Resistivity of Dy...

  7. Radiative strength functions in {sup 163,164}Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Nyhus, H. T.; Siem, S.; Guttormsen, M.; Larsen, A. C.; Buerger, A.; Syed, N. U. H.; Tveten, G. M.; Voinov, A.

    2010-02-15

    The nuclei {sup 163,164}Dy have been investigated using the Oslo method on data from the pickup reaction {sup 164}Dy({sup 3}He,{alpha}{gamma}){sup 163}Dy and the inelastic scattering {sup 164}Dy({sup 3}He,{sup 3}He{sup '}{gamma}){sup 164}Dy, respectively. The radiative strength functions for both nuclei have been extracted, and a small resonance centered around E{sub {gamma}}approx =3 MeV is observed in both cases. The parameters of this so-called pygmy M1 resonance (the scissors mode) are compared with previous results on {sup 160,161,162}Dy using the Oslo method, and with data on {sup 163}Dy measured by the Prague group using the two-step cascade method. In particular, the integrated reduced transition probability B(M1arrow up) of the pygmy resonance is compared with neighboring dysprosium isotopes. We also observe an enhanced strength in the region above E{sub {gamma}}approx =5 MeV in {sup 164}Dy. Possible origins of this feature are discussed.

  8. Valence photoelectron spectroscopy of Gd silicides

    SciTech Connect

    Braicovich, L. ); Puppin, E.; Lindau, I. ); Iandelli, A.; Olcese, G.L.; Palenzona, A. )

    1990-02-15

    Gd{sub 3}Si{sub 5}, GdSi, and Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 3} were investigated with photoemission spectroscopy in the photon-energy range 40.8--149 eV by exploiting the energy dependence of the photoemission cross sections and the valence resonance at the crossing of the Gd 4{ital d}-4{ital f} threshold. The modification of the spectra versus photon energy, along with their stoichiometry dependence, show the relevance of covalent mixed Gd 5{ital d}--Si 3{ital sp} states in the formation of the chemical bond. In the region close to the Fermi level an increase of the {ital d} contribution is observed. These points are discussed in connection with the existing models of the silicide bond.

  9. GD2-targeted immunotherapy and radioimmunotherapy

    PubMed Central

    Dobrenkov, Konstantin; Cheung, Nai-Kong

    2014-01-01

    Ganglioside GD2 is a tumor-associated surface antigen found in a broad spectrum of human cancers and stem cells. They include pediatric embryonal tumors (neuroblastoma, retinoblastoma, brain tumors, osteosarcoma, Ewing’s sarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma), as well as adult cancers (small cell lung cancer, melanoma, soft tissue sarcomas). Because of its restricted normal tissue distribution, GD2 has been proven safe for antibody targeting. Anti-GD2 antibody is now incorporated into the standard of care for the treatment of high risk metastatic neuroblastoma. Building on this experience, novel combinations of antibody, cytokines, cells and genetically engineered products all directed at GD2 are rapidly moving into the clinic. In the review, past and present immunotherapy trials directed at GD2 will be summarized, highlighting the lessons learned and the future directions. PMID:25440605

  10. Analysis of the electrostatics in Dy(III) single-molecule magnets: the case study of Dy(Murex)3.

    PubMed

    Jung, J; Yi, X; Huang, G; Calvez, G; Daiguebonne, C; Guillou, O; Cador, O; Caneschi, A; Roisnel, T; Le Guennic, B; Bernot, K

    2015-11-01

    A Dy(III)-based single-molecule magnet is reported. Ab initio calculations highlight that molecular symmetry plays a predominant role over site symmetry in determining the shape and orientation of Dy(III) magnetic anisotropy. Moreover the dipolar component of the electrostatic potential created by the surrounding ligands is shown to be the driving force of its magnetic behaviour. PMID:26435506

  11. Hydrogenation behavior of the R4MgCo (R=Y, La, Nd, Tb) compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shtender, V. V.; Paul-Boncour, V.; Riabov, A. B.; Denys, R. V.; Zavaliy, I. Yu.

    2015-09-01

    The hydrogen absorption properties of the R4MgCo compounds (R=Y, La, Nd, Tb; str. type Gd4RhIn; sp.gr. F 4 bar 3 m) have been studied for the first time. It was shown that their hydrogen storage capacity reaches about 2 wt%. At low pressure hydrogenation and moderately elevated temperatures the formed hydrides preserve the original structure of the metallic matrix. The crystal structure of the R4MgCoHx hydrides have been determined by XRD. Experimental hydrogen storage capacity (12 at.H/f.u. for Y4MgCo) is in good agreement with the theoretically calculated models, which allow also to estimate the distribution of H-atoms in metal lattice. TDS and DSC experiments demonstrated the multistep desorption process. XRD studies of the Tb4MgCoHx sample after TDS demonstrated the formation of TbH2 as the main phase and disproportionation of the parent compound.

  12. Crystal and magnetic structure of the R15Si9C compounds (R = Ho, Er, Tb)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ritter, C.; Wrubl, F.; Hill, A. H.; Pani, M.; Manfrinetti, P.

    2011-07-01

    The synthesis of the new compounds R15Si9C with R = Sm, Gd-Er, Y and R15Ge9C with R = Ce, Pr and Nd has been recently reported; these compounds crystallize in the hexagonal La15Ge9Fe structure type, hP50-P63mc, Z = 2 (ordered superstructure of La5Ge3 (Mn5Si3-type, hP 16-P63/mcm, Z = 2)). Here we report the results of a neutron diffraction investigation that we have performed to study the crystal and magnetic structures of the R15Si9C compounds with R = Tb, Ho and Er. All three compounds see the establishment of commensurate magnetic order with a predominantly ferromagnetic interaction. Details of mixed antiferro-ferromagnetic spin arrangements (? = [000]) (for Tb15Si9C and Ho15Si9C) or of purely ferromagnetic ordering (Er15Si9C), and of their temperature dependence, are given and linked to the different coordination of the four dissimilar rare earth sites. In the Tb and Ho compounds the thermal evolution of the magnetic moment values strongly differs between the different R sites. The position occupied by the principal carbon has been determined (Wyckoff site 2b) and the existence of a second position available for the interstitial carbon (Wyckoff site 2a) has been revealed for R = Ho, Tb. Moreover, in the Tb and Ho compounds the magnetic moment value of the rare earth site R4, surrounding the second interstitial carbon site, is strongly reduced if compared to the value on the other rare earth sites. The magnetic transition temperatures of all three compounds, i.e. TC = 130, 43 and 45 K for Tb15Si9C, Ho15Si9C and Er15Si9C, are remarkably high compared to those of the parent R5Si3 compounds. The magnetic behaviour of the partly filled Tb5Si3C0.25 is reported.

  13. A comparative study of magnetic behaviors in TbNi{sub 2}, TbMn{sub 2} and TbNi{sub 2}Mn

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, J. L.; Md Din, M. F.; Hong, F.; Cheng, Z. X.; Dou, S. X.; Kennedy, S. J.; Studer, A. J.; Campbell, S. J.; Wu, G. H.

    2014-05-07

    All TbNi{sub 2}, TbMn{sub 2}, and TbNi{sub 2}Mn compounds exhibit the cubic Laves phase with AB{sub 2}-type structure in spite of the fact that the ratio of the Tb to transition-metal components in TbNi{sub 2}Mn is 1:3. Rietveld refinement indicates that in TbNi{sub 2}Mn the Mn atoms are distributed on both the A (8a) and B (16d) sites. The values of the lattice constants were measured to be a?=?14.348?Å (space group F-43?m), 7.618?Å, and 7.158?Å (space group Fd-3?m) for TbNi{sub 2}, TbMn{sub 2}, and TbNi{sub 2}Mn, respectively. The magnetic transition temperatures T{sub C} were found to be T{sub C}?=?38?K and T{sub C}?=?148?K for TbNi{sub 2} and TbNi{sub 2}Mn, respectively, while two magnetic phase transitions are detected for TbMn{sub 2} at T{sub 1}?=?20?K and T{sub 2}?=?49?K. Clear magnetic history effects in a low magnetic field are observed in TbMn{sub 2} and TbNi{sub 2}Mn. The magnetic entropy changes have been obtained.

  14. A comparative study of magnetic behaviors in TbNi2, TbMn2 and TbNi2Mn

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, J. L.; Md Din, M. F.; Kennedy, S. J.; Hong, F.; Campbell, S. J.; Studer, A. J.; Wu, G. H.; Cheng, Z. X.; Dou, S. X.

    2014-05-01

    All TbNi2, TbMn2, and TbNi2Mn compounds exhibit the cubic Laves phase with AB2-type structure in spite of the fact that the ratio of the Tb to transition-metal components in TbNi2Mn is 1:3. Rietveld refinement indicates that in TbNi2Mn the Mn atoms are distributed on both the A (8a) and B (16d) sites. The values of the lattice constants were measured to be a = 14.348 Å (space group F-43 m), 7.618 Å, and 7.158 Å (space group Fd-3 m) for TbNi2, TbMn2, and TbNi2Mn, respectively. The magnetic transition temperatures TC were found to be TC = 38 K and TC = 148 K for TbNi2 and TbNi2Mn, respectively, while two magnetic phase transitions are detected for TbMn2 at T1 = 20 K and T2 = 49 K. Clear magnetic history effects in a low magnetic field are observed in TbMn2 and TbNi2Mn. The magnetic entropy changes have been obtained.

  15. Photoluminescence investigation of rare-earth activated GdCa{sub 3}(GaO){sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} phosphors under UV excitation

    SciTech Connect

    Kyung, Hyun-Ai; Choi, Sungho; Seong, Tae-Yeon; Jung, Ha-Kyun

    2009-04-02

    A borate compound was adopted as a new host material of Eu{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+} activators to fabricate efficient luminescence materials. The phosphor compositions, Gd{sub 1-x}Eu{sub x}Ca{sub 3}(GaO){sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} and Gd{sub 1-x}Tb{sub x}Ca{sub 3}(GaO){sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4}, were synthesized by conventional solid-state reactions. The crystalline phases of the resulting powders were identified using an X-ray diffraction system. Their photoluminescence properties were investigated under long-wavelength UV excitation. The Eu{sup 3+}-doped and Tb{sup 3+}-doped GdCa{sub 3}(GaO){sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} phosphors efficiently emitted red and green light, respectively. The temperature dependency of emission intensity was measured in a range from room temperature to 150 deg. C. The emission intensities of the red and green phosphors at 150 deg. C are 87% and 91% of those at room temperature, respectively. In addition, the decay times of both the red and green phosphors are shorter than 3 ms.

  16. Probing the structure-relaxivity relationship of bis-hydrated Gd(DOTAla) derivatives.

    PubMed

    Boros, Eszter; Caravan, Peter

    2015-03-01

    Two structural isomers of the heptadentate chelator DO3Ala were synthesized, with carboxymethyl groups at either the 1,4- or 1,7-positions of the cyclen macrocycle. To interrogate the relaxivity under different rotatational dynamics regimes, the pendant primary amine was coupled to ibuprofen to enable binding to serum albumin. These chelators 6a and 6b form bis(aqua) ternary complexes with Gd(III) or Tb(III) as estimated from relaxivity measurements or luminescence lifetime measurements in water. The relaxivity of [Gd(6a)(H2O)2] and [Gd(6b)(H2O)2] was measured in the presence and absence of coordinating anions prevalent in vivo such as phosphate, lactate, and bicarbonate and compared with data attained for the q = 2 complex [Gd(DO3A)(H2O)2]. We found that relaxivity was reduced through formation of ternary complexes with lactate and bicarbonate, albeit to a lesser degree then the relaxivity of Gd(DO3A). In the presence of 100-fold excess phosphate, relaxivity was slightly increased and typical for q = 2 complexes of this size (8.3 mM(-1) s(-1) and 9.5 mM(-1) s(-1), respectively, at 37 °C, 60 MHz). Relaxivity for the complexes in the presence of HSA corresponded well to relaxivity obtained for complexes with reduced access for inner-sphere water (13.5 and 12.7 mM(-1) s(-1) at 37 °C, 60 MHz). Mean water residency time at 37 °C was determined using temperature-dependent (17)O-T2 measurements at 11.7 T and calculated to be (310)?M = 23 ± 1 ns for both structural isomers. Kinetic inertness under forcing conditions (pH 3, competing DTPA ligand) was found to be comparable to [Gd(DO3A)(H2O)]. Overall, we found that the replacement of one of the acetate arms of DO3A with an amino-propionate arm does not significantly alter the relaxometric and kinetic inertness properties of the corresponding Gd complexes; however, it does provide access to easily functionalizable q = 2 derivatives. PMID:25693053

  17. A triacontanuclear [Zn12Dy18] cluster: a ring of [Dy4] cubes.

    PubMed

    Stavgianoudaki, Nikoleta; Siczek, Milosz; Lis, Tadeusz; Inglis, Ross; Milios, Constantinos J

    2016-01-01

    The reaction between Dy(NO3)3·6H2O, Zn(OAc)2·4H2O, salicylaldehyde and 2-amino-isobutyric acid, in MeOH in the presence of NEt3 under solvothermal conditions, led to the isolation of the triacontanuclear mixed-metal cluster [Zn(II)12Dy(III)18(OH)30(L)12(sal)6(OAc)6(NO3)3(H2O)6](NO3)3·12MeOH·5H2O (1·12MeOH·5H2O), which displays frequency- and temperature-dependent out-of-phase magnetic susceptibility signals. PMID:26514878

  18. Magnetism in Gd-W films

    SciTech Connect

    Gadioli, Giovana Z.; Rouxinol, Francisco P.; Gelamo, Rogerio V.; Santos, Adenilson O. dos; Cardoso, Lisandro P.; Bica de Moraes, Mario A.

    2008-05-01

    Vapor condensation techniques are useful to prepare magnetic alloys whose components have low or even negligible equilibrium mutual solubility. In this work, one of these techniques--sputtering--was used to obtain Gd{sub x}W{sub 1-x} alloys whose magnetic properties were investigated as a function of the Gd atomic concentration x. Gadolinium and various Gd-based alloys are promising materials for magnetic refrigeration and this was one of the motivations for this study. The Gd{sub x}-W{sub 1-x} films were sputter deposited from Gd and W targets with x ranging from 0 to 1 as determined by x-ray energy-dispersive spectroscopic analyses. X-ray diffraction patterns indicate that crystalline structures were formed at low and high Gd concentrations, while at intermediate concentrations, the films were amorphous. Magnetization measurements, performed as a function of temperature and with static and alternating applied fields, reveal a spin glasslike behavior in all the W-containing samples for temperatures below the freezing temperature T{sub f}. For low and intermediate Gd concentrations, and for T>T{sub f}, the films were paramagnetic, while a ferromagnetic phase was observed in the Gd-W alloy of the highest Gd content. The magnetocaloric effect was investigated from the magnetization isotherms M versus H, from which the isothermal magnetic entropy variation {delta}S{sub M} as a function of T, for the removal of an applied field of 50 kOe, was determined. It was observed that the maximum value of {delta}S{sub M} for each {delta}S{sub M} versus T curve and the temperature at which these maxima occur, are strongly dependent on x.

  19. HIV/STD/TB PREVENTION NEWS DATABASE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The CDC National Prevention Information Network (NPIN) is the U.S. reference, referral, and distribution service for information on HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and tuberculosis (TB). NPIN produces, collects, catalogs, processes, stocks, and disseminates materi...

  20. HIV-Associated TB: Facts 2013

    MedlinePLUS

    ... HIV ACTIVITIES: RESPONSE & PROGRESS ? Between 2005 and 2011 implementation of the collaborative TB/HIV activities saved an ... echnical and practical “ how to” considerations for rapid implementation of the Xpert MTB/ RIF diagnostic test which ...

  1. Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR TB)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... prisons, or homeless shelters. If you work in hospitals or health-care settings where TB patients are likely to be seen, you should consult infection control or occupational health experts. Ask about administrative and ...

  2. Antiferromagnetic ordering in REM cobaltite GdCoO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dudnikov, V. A.; Velikanov, D. A.; Kazak, N. V.; Michel, C. R.; Bartolome, J.; Arauzo, A.; Ovchinnikov, S. G.; Patrin, G. S.

    2012-01-01

    Temperature and magnetic-field dependences of the static magnetization of polycrystalline cobaltite GdCoO3 have been measured. The magnetic properties of the GdCoO3 sample have been studied in the paramagnetic and antiferromagnetic states. The magnetic phase diagram has been constructed. The exchange field between the Gd-Gd sublattices and the anisotropy field have been estimated.

  3. Recommendations for TB respiratory protection.

    PubMed

    Notarianni, G L

    1993-10-01

    After a long decline, tuberculosis is making a comeback. Because of this risk, several government agencies have developed in-depth recommendations designed to minimize the transmission of tuberculosis. 1990 CDC guidelines have formed the basis for most current recommendations, but those guidelines are undergoing revision. Great controversy surrounds the recommendations, particularly in the area of respiratory protection. According to NIOSH, the inability to adequately fit-test and fit-check disposable respirators is a major flaw that could compromise their ability to protect the wearer. OSHA has been enforcing guidelines for occupational exposure to TB under several existing standards, especially its respiratory protection standard (29 CFR 1910.134), and is currently enforcing the use of dust/mist/fume respirators. The agency can be expected to issue a National Compliance Directive upgrading required respiratory protection to HEPA filters. The author recommends implementing recommendations for appropriate administrative and engineering controls and using low-maintenance, reusable, half-face elastomeric respirators with disposable filter cartridges for employees in identified high-risk, exposure situations. PMID:10129223

  4. The performance and limitation of T-SPOT.TB for the diagnosis of TB in a high prevalence setting

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Zhonghua; Li, Zhiqiang

    2014-01-01

    Background Tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis remains difficulty. The previous reports have shown that the T-SPOT.TB assay may be a more promising diagnostic tool for TB, however, it needs a further study to evaluate the diagnostic value of T-SPOT.TB for the specific populations in a high prevalence setting. Methods In this present study, we conducted stratified and comparable analyses to explore the clinical value and the limitation of T-SPOT.TB assay in TB diagnosis in a high TB prevalence setting, Southern China. A total of 413 subjects including 163 pulmonary TB (PTB), 39 extrapulmonary TB (EPTB), 106 non-TB pulmonary diseases (NTBPDs), 20 medical staff and 85 healthy controls were included in the study. Results According to T-SPOT.TB, there had a high incidence of latent TB infection (LTBI) in general population in Southern China, especially in the NTBPDS and medical staff. The T-SPOT.TB had a high performance in the diagnosis of active TB (ATB) in a lower risk of TB infection population such as the general population, however, the T-SPOT.TB for the diagnosis of ATB in the high risk of TB infection populations involving close contacts such as the patients with pulmonary diseases (PD) or medical staff isn’t reliable due to the interference by LTBI. Under this condition, the value of rule-out of the assay was seemed to be better than that of rule-in. We believed that the T-SPOT.TB is suitable for screening both the EPTB and the ATB combined with diabetes mellitus (DM). However, we found that the sensitivity of T-SPOT.TB in sputum smear-negative population wasn’t as high as that in smear-positive population. Conclusions The T-SPOT.TB testing results should be interpreted with caution combined with subject’s characteristics in a high prevalence setting. PMID:24976994

  5. A trimetallic strategy towards ZnDyCr and ZnDyCo single-ion magnets.

    PubMed

    Hu, Kong-Qiu; Jiang, Xiang; Wu, Shu-Qi; Liu, Cai-Ming; Cui, Ai-Li; Kou, Hui-Zhong

    2015-09-21

    Two cyano- and phenoxo-bridged octanuclear complexes ZnDyCo (complex ) and ZnDyCr (complex ) with diamagnetic Zn(ii) and Co(iii) are reported. Dy(iii) is surrounded by nine oxygen atoms of two [Zn(Me2valpn)] (Me2valpn(2-) = dianion of N,N'-2,2-dimethylpropylenebis(3-methoxysalicylideneimine)) and one water molecule. Magnetic studies reveal that both exhibit single-ion magnet (SIM) behavior with the energy barrier of 85.9 K for complex and 100.9 K for complex . PMID:26256244

  6. Temperature Sensing Above 1000 C Using Cr-Doped GdAlO3 Spin-Allowed Broadband Luminescence

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Eldridge, Jeffrey I.; Chambers, Matthew D.

    2012-01-01

    Cr-doped GdAlO3 (Cr:GdAlO3) is shown to produce remarkably high-intensity spin-allowed broadband luminescence with sufficiently long decay times to make effective luminescence-decay-time based temperature measurements above 1000 C. This phosphor is therefore an attractive alternative to the much lower luminescence intensity rare-earth-doped thermographic phosphors that are typically utilized at these elevated temperatures. In particular, Cr:GdAlO3 will be preferred over rare-earth-doped phosphors, such as Dy:YAG, at temperatures up to 1200 C for intensity-starved situations when the much lower emission intensity from rare-earth-doped phosphors is insufficient for accurate temperature measurements in the presence of significant radiation background. While transition-metal-doped phosphors such as Cr:Al2O3 (ruby) are known to exhibit high luminescence intensity at low dopant concentrations, quenching due to nonradiative decay pathways competing with the (sup 2)E to (sup 4)A(sub 2) radiative transition (R line) has typically restricted their use for temperature sensing to below 600 C. Thermal quenching of the broadband (sup 4)T(sub 2) to (sup 4)A(sub 2) radiative transition from Cr:GdAlO3, however, is delayed until much higher temperatures (above 1000 C). This spin-allowed broadband emission persists to high temperatures because the lower-lying (sup 2)E energy level acts as a reservoir to thermally populate the higher shorter-lived (sup 4)T(sub 2) energy level and because the activation energy for nonradiative crossover relaxation from the (sup 4)T(sub 2) level to the (sup 4)A(sub 2) ground state is high. The strong crystal field associated with the tight bonding of the AlO6 octahedra in the GdAlO3 perovskite structure is responsible for this behavior.

  7. GAPS IN THE GD-1 STAR STREAM

    SciTech Connect

    Carlberg, R. G.; Grillmair, C. J. E-mail: carl@ipac.caltech.edu

    2013-05-10

    GD-1 is a long, thin, Milky Way star stream that has readily visible density variations along its length. We quantify the locations, sizes, and statistical significance of the density structure, i.e., gaps, using a set of scaled filters. The shapes of the filters are based on the gaps that develop in simulations of dark matter sub-halos crossing a star stream. The high Galactic latitude 8.4 kpc long segment of GD-1 that we examine has 8 {+-} 3 gaps of 99% significance or greater, with the error estimated on the basis of tests of the gap-filtering technique. The cumulative distribution of gaps more than three times the width of the stream is in good agreement with predictions for dark matter sub-halo encounters with cold star streams. The number of gaps narrower than three times the width of the GD-1 stream falls well below the cold stream prediction which is taken into account for the gap creation rate integrated over all sizes. Simple warm stream simulations scaled to GD-1 show that the falloff in gaps is expected for sub-halos below a mass of 10{sup 6} M{sub Sun }. The GD-1 gaps requires 100 sub-halos >10{sup 6} M{sub Sun} within 30 kpc, the apocenter of GD-1 orbit. These results are consistent with LCDM sub-halo predictions but further improvements in stream signal-to-noise and gap modeling will be welcome.

  8. Collectivity of the superdeformed bands in /sup 152/Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Twin, P.J.; Nelson, A.H.; Nyako, B.M.; Howe, D.; Cranmer-Gordon, H.W.; Elenkov, D.; Forsyth, P.D.; Jabber, J.K.; Sharpey-Schafer, J.F.; Simpson, J.

    1985-09-23

    The lifetimes of the ..gamma.. rays in the collective rotational bands observed in the ..gamma..-ray continuum at very high spin /sup 152/Dy are shown to be less than 100 fs for energies above 0.90 +- 0.05 MeV. The corresponding B(E2) values are very enhanced and provide definite evidence that the rotational bands are associated with a superdeformed prolate structure in /sup 152/Dy.

  9. Pier GD3, oblique view taken from Pier GD2, Caisson of ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Pier GD-3, oblique view taken from Pier GD-2, Caisson of Dry Dock No. 2 to left - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Pier & Quay Walls, Entrance to Dry Dock No. 2 & Repair Wharfs, east & west sides of Dry Dock No. 2 & west side of Dry Dock No. 3, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  10. Overview of GD2 and GD3 with Caisson of Dry Dock ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Overview of GD-2 and GD-3 with Caisson of Dry Dock No. 2 in center - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Pier & Quay Walls, Entrance to Dry Dock No. 2 & Repair Wharfs, east & west sides of Dry Dock No. 2 & west side of Dry Dock No. 3, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  11. GD4 with GD3 at oblique view on left U.S. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    GD-4 with GD-3 at oblique view on left - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Pier & Quay Walls, Entrance to Dry Dock No. 2 & Repair Wharfs, east & west sides of Dry Dock No. 2 & west side of Dry Dock No. 3, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  12. Oblique of GD4 and GD5, Dry Dock No. 3 Caisson ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Oblique of GD-4 and GD-5, Dry Dock No. 3 Caisson between piers - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Pier & Quay Walls, Entrance to Dry Dock No. 2 & Repair Wharfs, east & west sides of Dry Dock No. 2 & west side of Dry Dock No. 3, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  13. Oblique view of GD5 taken from Pier GD4 U.S. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Oblique view of GD-5 taken from Pier GD-4 - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Pier & Quay Walls, Entrance to Dry Dock No. 2 & Repair Wharfs, east & west sides of Dry Dock No. 2 & west side of Dry Dock No. 3, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  14. Oximate-bridged trinuclear Dy-Cu-Dy complex behaving as a single-molecule magnet and its mechanistic investigation.

    PubMed

    Mori, Fumihito; Nyui, Tetsuya; Ishida, Takayuki; Nogami, Takashi; Choi, Kwang-Yong; Nojiri, Hiroyuki

    2006-02-01

    Lanthanide ions are supposed to be promising candidates for the elements of single-molecule magnets (SMMs) because of the large magnetic momentum and anisotropy. We have established the [Dy2Cu] complex as a new SMM. A plausible mechanism for quantum tunneling of magnetization is proposed for the first time among the 4f-3d heterometallic SMMs. The magnetic coupling parameter between Dy and Cu ions was well-defined as -0.155 K. PMID:16448101

  15. Reinvestigation of the Cd–Gd phase diagram

    PubMed Central

    Reichmann, Thomas L.; Ipser, Herbert

    2014-01-01

    The complete Cd–Gd equilibrium phase diagram was investigated by a combination of powder-XRD, SEM and DTA. All previously reported phases, i.e., CdGd, Cd2Gd, Cd3Gd, Cd45Gd11, Cd58Gd13, and Cd6Gd, could be confirmed. In addition, a new intermetallic compound with a stoichiometric composition corresponding to “Cd8Gd” was found to exist. It was obtained that “Cd8Gd” decomposes peritectically at 465 °C. Homogeneity ranges of all intermetallic compounds were determined at distinct temperatures. In addition, the maximum solubilities of Cd in the low- and high-temperature modifications of Gd were determined precisely as 4.6 and 22.6 at.%, respectively. All invariant reaction temperatures (with the exception of the formation of Cd58Gd13) as well as liquidus temperatures were determined, most probably, Cd58Gd13 is formed in a peritectoid reaction from Cd45Gd11 and Cd6Gd at a temperature below 700 °C. PMID:25544803

  16. Cruise No: DY-09-06 March 26, 2009 FOCI No: 2-DY-08

    E-print Network

    .3 Cruise Dates: 24 Apr ­ 4 May, 2009 1.3.1 Departure ­ Dutch Harbor, AK - 24 Apr, 1500 L 1.3.2 Arrival ­ Dutch Harbor, AK - 4 May, 0900 L 1.4 Operating Area ­ Bering Sea 2.0 CRUISE OVERVIEW 2.1 Cruise.58' N 171° 42.47' W Recover/Deploy Amukta Pass 52° 25.98' N 171° 27.00' W #12;Cruise No: DY-09-06 March

  17. pH-induced Dy? and Dy?? cluster-based 1D chains with different magnetic relaxation features.

    PubMed

    Wu, Zhi-Lei; Dong, Jie; Ni, Wei-Yan; Zhang, Bo-Wen; Cui, Jian-Zhong; Zhao, Bin

    2014-11-28

    Two novel tetra- and deca-nuclear dysprosium compounds, namely, [Dy4(?3-OH)2(L)10(bipy)2(H2O)2]n (1) and {[Dy10(?3-OH)8(L)22(bipy)2(H2O)2]·5H2O}n (2) (L = 3-fluoro-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid; bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine), have been successfully obtained by hydrothermal reaction at different pH values. The solid state structures of 1 and 2 were established by the single crystal X-ray diffraction technique, and both of them exhibit complicated 1D chains with [Dy4] (1) and [Dy10] (2) cluster units, respectively. Adjacent [Dy4] in 1 and [Dy10] in 2 are connected by two bridging carboxylate groups in the ?(1):?(1):?2 mode. Magnetic studies reveal that they exhibit different magnetic relaxation behaviors with the energy barrier of 23.6 K for 1 and 3.2 K for 2. Interestingly, the large divergence in both the structures and magnetic properties for 1 and 2 only originated from the different pH values in preparing them. PMID:25293936

  18. Cell Death and Autophagy in TB

    PubMed Central

    Moraco, Andrew H.; Kornfeld, Hardy

    2014-01-01

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis has succeeded in infecting one third of the human race though inhibition or evasion of innate and adaptive immunity. The pathogen is a facultative intracellular parasite that uses the niche provided by mononuclear phagocytes for its advantage. Complex interactions determine whether the bacillus will or will not be delivered to acidified lysosomes, whether the host phagocyte will survive infection or die, and whether the timing and mode of cell death works to the advantage of the host or the pathogen. Here we discuss cell death and autophagy in TB. These fundamental processes of cell biology feature in all aspects of TB pathogenesis and may be exploited to the treatment or prevention of TB disease. PMID:25453227

  19. Gd(III)-nanodiamond conjugates for MRI contrast enhancement

    PubMed Central

    Manus, Lisa M.; Mastarone, Daniel J.; Waters, Emily A.; Zhang, Xue-Qing; Schultz-Sikma, Elise A.; MacRenaris, Keith W.; Ho, Dean

    2010-01-01

    A Gd(III)-nanodiamond conjugate [Gd(III)-ND] was prepared and characterized, enabling detection of nanodiamonds by MR imaging. The Gd(III)-ND particles significantly reduced the T1 of water protons with a per-Gd(III) relaxivity of 58.82 ± 1.18 mM?1s?1 at 1.5 Tesla (60 MHz). This represents a tenfold increase compared to the monomer Gd(III) complex (r1 = 5.42 ± 0.20 mM?1s?1) and is among the highest per-Gd(III) relaxivities reported. PMID:20038088

  20. Tuberculosis: Learn the Signs and Symptoms of TB Disease

    MedlinePLUS

    ... What's this? Submit Button Past Emails CDC Features Tuberculosis (TB) Disease: Symptoms & Risk Factors Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria that ...

  1. One health/veterinary links associated with TB vaccines

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Objectives: participants will understand the current status of veterinary tuberculosis (TB) vaccine research for cattle and wildlife and their potential applications for development of human TB vaccines. Vaccines are lacking for many chronic intracellular pathogens requiring cell-mediated immunity ...

  2. TB vaccines; promoting rapid and durable protection in the lung.

    PubMed

    Andersen, Peter; Urdahl, Kevin B

    2015-08-01

    TB vaccine discovery has focused on IFN-? both for the selection of antigens and vaccine delivery strategies. Recent breakthroughs in our understanding of the requirements for immunological memory and the expression of immunity to TB in the lung now provide a framework for reconsidering that strategy. We will discuss the status of the TB vaccine field, recent insights into the role of central memory cells and the potential of tissue-resident memory cells in vaccine promoted protection against TB. PMID:26113434

  3. Pulsating White Dwarf Star GD99

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chynoweth, K. M.; Thompson, S.; Mullally, F.; Yeates, C.

    2004-12-01

    We present 15 hours of time-series photometry of the variable white dwarf star GD99. These data were obtained at the McDonald Observatory 2.1m Otto Struve Telescope in January 2003, using the Argos CCD photometer. We achieved a noise level as low as 0.07 %, as measured from the power spectrum of our first night. Our observations confirm that GD99 is a unique pulsating white dwarf whose modes show characteristics of both the hot and cold type of DA variable stars. Additionally, GD99 has a large number of modes, making it a good candidate for asteroseismological study. Our preliminary results indicate that this star merits further study to decipher its abundant set of unusual modes. With such a rich period structure, longer continuous data sets will be required to fully resolve the pulsation spectrum.

  4. Tailoring the magnetism of Tb5Si2Ge2 compounds by La substitution

    SciTech Connect

    Belo, Joao; Pereira, Andre; Araujo, Joao Pedro; Dela Cruz, Clarina R; Moreira Dos Santos, Antonio F; Goncalves, Joao Nuno; Amaral, Vitor; Morellon, Luis; Ibarra, M. Ricardo; Algarabel, Pedro A.; Magen, C

    2012-01-01

    In order to study the crystal structure, phase relationships, and magnetic properties of the system Tb5-xLaxSi2Ge2, a series of polycrystalline samples with compositions ranging from x = 0 to x = 5 have been synthesized and characterized in detail. At room temperature, two structures have been detected: Compounds in the concentration range 0 <= x < 1 present a monoclinic Gd5Si2Ge2-type structure, while for x > 1 a tetragonal Zr5Si4-type structure is observed. The unit cell volume increases linearly with La concentration but with two different slopes: similar to 18 angstrom(3)/x and similar to 33 angstrom(3)/x for 0 <= x < 1 (monoclinic) andx > 1 (tetragonal), respectively. In the monoclinic region, an increase of T-C was observed, reaching a maximum value of T-C similar to 154 K, at the x = 0.75 composition. This feature is explained based on specific La occupancy at the R2 site which was supported by density functional calculations for low La concentration. The samples that crystallized in the tetragonal structure exhibit a linear decrease of T-C(x) with a slope of partial derivative T-C/partial derivative x similar to -38 K/x, reaching 0 K for the x = 5 composition. A magnetic and structural x-T phase diagram of the Tb5-xLaxSi2Ge2 system in the temperature range 4-300 K is proposed.

  5. 26 CFR 48.4082-2 - Diesel fuel and kerosene; notice required for dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    must be posted by a seller on any retail pump or other delivery facility where it sells dyed diesel fuel for use by its buyer. A legible and conspicuous notice stating “DYED KEROSENE, NONTAXABLE USE ONLY, PENALTY FOR TAXABLE...

  6. Wobbling excitations in 156Dy and 162Yb

    E-print Network

    Jan Kvasil; Rashid G. Nazmitdinov

    2006-11-16

    We study in the cranked Nilsson plus random phase approximation low-lying quadrupole excitations of positive parity and negative signature in 156Dy and 162Yb at high spins. Special attention is paid to a consistent description of wobbling excitations and their identification among excited states. A good agreement between available experimental data and the results of calculations is obtained. We found that in 156Dy the lowest odd spin gamma-vibrational states transform to the wobbling excitations after the backbending, associated with the transition from axially-symmetric to nonaxial shapes. Similar results are predicted for 162Yb. The analysis of electromagnetic transitions, related to the wobbling excitations, determines uniquely the sign of the gamma-deformation in 156Dy and 162Yb after the transition point.

  7. Resonant photoemission in f electron systems: Pu and Gd

    SciTech Connect

    Tobin, J.G.; Chung, B.W.; Waddill, G.D.; Schulze, R.K.; Terry,J.; Farr, J.D.; Zocco, T.; Shuh, D.K.; Heinzelman, K.; Rotenberg, E.; Vander Laan, G.

    2003-10-14

    Resonant photoemission in the Pu 5f and Pu 6p states is compared to that in the Gd 4f and Gd 5p states. Spectral simulations, based upon an atomic model with angular momentum coupling, are compared to the Gd and Pu results. Additional spectroscopic measurements of Pu, including core level photoemission and x-ray absorption, are also presented.

  8. Dy-Free Nd-Fe-B Based Permanent Magnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pathak, Arjun; Khan, Mahmud; Gschneidner, Karl, Jr.; McCallum, Ralph; Pecharsky, Vitalij

    2015-03-01

    Nd2Fe14B based permanent magnets are the current state of the art for high performance magnets. The prototype crystallize in the P42 / mnm tetragonal crystal structure, where the Nd atoms occupy the 4f and 4gsites, Fe atoms occupy six different atomic sites (16k1, 16k2, 8j1, 8j2, 4e, 4c), and B occupies only the 4g site. The leading contribution to the magnetocrystalline anisotropy in Nd2Fe14B energy comes from the Nd ions, which strongly prefer a c-axis alignment at ambient temperature. Nd2Fe14B permanent magnet has excellent magnetic properties at room temperature but has poor high temperature properties (T>400 K). A small amount of Dy (up to 10%) is substituted for Nd in Nd2Fe14B to increase the high temperature performance. Although Dy containing Nd2Fe14B magnets are desired for high temperature applications, the high price and limited supply of Dy urges the development of Dy-free permanent magnets. Here, we discuss the magnetic properties of several Dy-free Nd-Fe-B based nanostructured magnets and propose alternatives for Dy-based Nd2Fe14B permanent magnets for high temperature applications such as electric drive motors and wind turbines. This work was supported by the U.S.DOE, ARPA-E, Rare Earth Alternatives in Critical Technologies for Energy (REACT). The research was performed at the Ames Laboratory which is operated for the U.S. DOE by Iowa State University under contract #DE-AC02-07CH11358.

  9. Investigations of the effect of nonmagnetic Ca substitution for magnetic Dy on spin-freezing in Dy2Ti2O7.

    PubMed

    Anand, V K; Tennant, D A; Lake, B

    2015-11-01

    Physical properties of partially Ca substituted hole-doped Dy2Ti2O7 have been investigated by ac magnetic susceptibility [Formula: see text], dc magnetic susceptibility [Formula: see text], isothermal magnetization M(H) and heat capacity [Formula: see text] measurements on Dy1.8Ca0.2Ti2O7. The spin-ice system Dy2Ti2O7 exhibits a spin-glass type freezing behavior near 16 K. Our frequency dependent [Formula: see text] data of Dy1.8Ca0.2Ti2O7 show that the spin-freezing behavior is significantly influenced by Ca substitution. The effect of partial nonmagnetic Ca(2+)?substitution for magnetic Dy(3+) is similar to the previous study on nonmagnetic isovalent Y(3+) substituted Dy2-x Y x Ti2O7 (for low levels of dilution), however the suppression of spin-freezing behavior is substantially stronger for Ca than Y. The Cole-Cole plot analysis reveals semicircular character and a single relaxation mode in Dy1.8Ca0.2Ti2O7 as for Dy2Ti2O7. No noticeable change in the insulating behavior of Dy2Ti2O7 results from the holes produced by 10% Ca(2+) substitution for Dy(3+) ions. PMID:26443921

  10. Investigations of the effect of nonmagnetic Ca substitution for magnetic Dy on spin-freezing in Dy2Ti2O7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anand, V. K.; Tennant, D. A.; Lake, B.

    2015-11-01

    Physical properties of partially Ca substituted hole-doped Dy2Ti2O7 have been investigated by ac magnetic susceptibility {?\\text{ac}}(T) , dc magnetic susceptibility ? (T) , isothermal magnetization M(H) and heat capacity {{C}\\text{p}}(T) measurements on Dy1.8Ca0.2Ti2O7. The spin-ice system Dy2Ti2O7 exhibits a spin-glass type freezing behavior near 16 K. Our frequency dependent {?\\text{ac}}(T) data of Dy1.8Ca0.2Ti2O7 show that the spin-freezing behavior is significantly influenced by Ca substitution. The effect of partial nonmagnetic Ca2+?substitution for magnetic Dy3+ is similar to the previous study on nonmagnetic isovalent Y3+ substituted Dy2-x Y x Ti2O7 (for low levels of dilution), however the suppression of spin-freezing behavior is substantially stronger for Ca than Y. The Cole-Cole plot analysis reveals semicircular character and a single relaxation mode in Dy1.8Ca0.2Ti2O7 as for Dy2Ti2O7. No noticeable change in the insulating behavior of Dy2Ti2O7 results from the holes produced by 10% Ca2+ substitution for Dy3+ ions.

  11. (Tb_1-xY_x)Ni_2Ge_2: From Ising Antiferromagnet to Ising Spin Glass.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Canfield, P. C.; Wiener, T.; Bud'Ko, S. L.

    2000-03-01

    Recent measurements [1,2] on single crystals of RNi_2Ge2 compounds have revealed complex, anisotropies and H-T phase diagrams. In addition recent work on (Gd_1-xEu_x)Ni_2Ge2 has demonstrated our ability to change the band filling so as to tune the ordering wave-vector of the magnetically ordered state [3]. In this talk we will present the results of measurements on another pseudo- ternary series: (Tb_1-xY_x)Ni_2Ge_2. The Tb local moments are aligned along the crystallographic c-axis for all concentrations of Y and as Y replaces Tb the two magnetic transition temperatures decrease rapidly. For x > 0.6 the low temperature ground state of the magnetic sublattice is that of an Ising spin glass. T -x phase diagrams and detailed characterization of the spin glass state will be presented. [1]S.L.Bud'ko et al. JMMM 205, 53 (1999). [2]Z.Islam et al. PRB 58, 8522 (1998). [3]Z.Islam et al. PRL 83, 2817 (1999). Ames Laboratory is operated for the US Department of Energy by Iowa State University under Contract No. W-7405-Eng-82. This work was supported by the Director for Energy Research, Office of Basic Energy Sciences.

  12. LABORATORY EVALUATION OF A DYED FOOD MARKING TECHNIQUE FOR CULEX QUINQUEFASCIATUS (DIPTERA: CULICIDAE)

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A method of marking adult Cx. quinquefasciatus by feeding the larvae commercial hog chow dyed with methylene blue, Giemsa, and crystal violet was evaluated under laboratory conditions. Of 243 mosquitoes fed the dyed food, 230 had visible marks (94.6 %). The dyed food did increase the development tim...

  13. A SUPERCOOLED MAGNETIC LIQUID STATE IN THE FRUSTRATED PYROCHLORE DY2TI2O7

    E-print Network

    Davis, James C.

    A SUPERCOOLED MAGNETIC LIQUID STATE IN THE FRUSTRATED PYROCHLORE DY2TI2O7 A Dissertation Presented RIGHTS RESERVED #12;A SUPERCOOLED MAGNETIC LIQUID STATE IN THE FRUSTRATED PYROCHLORE DY2TI2O7 Ethan. The magnetic pyrochlore Dy2Ti2O7 has attracted substantial recent attention as a potential host of deconfined

  14. Innovative clinical trial designs to rationalize TB vaccine development.

    PubMed

    Ellis, R D; Hatherill, M; Tait, D; Snowden, M; Churchyard, G; Hanekom, W; Evans, T; Ginsberg, A M

    2015-05-01

    A recent trial of a leading tuberculosis (TB) vaccine candidate in 3000 South African infants failed to show protection over that from BCG alone, and highlights the difficulties in clinical development of TB vaccines. Progression of vaccine candidates to efficacy trials against TB disease rests on demonstration of safety and immunogenicity in target populations and protection against challenge in preclinical models, but immunologic correlates of protection are unknown, and animal models may not be predictive of results in humans. Even in populations most heavily affected by TB the sample sizes required for Phase 2b efficacy trials using TB disease as an endpoint are in the thousands. Novel clinical trial models have been developed to evaluate candidate TB vaccines in selected populations using biologically relevant outcomes and innovative statistical approaches. Such proof of concept studies can be used to more rationally select vaccine candidates for advancement to large scale trials against TB disease. PMID:25802031

  15. Intracluster interactions in butterfly {Fe3LnO2} molecules with the non-Kramers ions Tb(III) and Ho(III)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Badía-Romano, L.; Rubín, J.; Bartolomé, F.; Bartolomé, J.; Luzón, J.; Prodius, D.; Turta, C.; Mereacre, V.; Wilhelm, F.; Rogalev, A.

    2015-08-01

    The intracluster exchange interactions within the "butterfly" [Fe3Ln (?3-O )2(CCl3COO )8(H2O )(THF )3] molecules, where Ln(III) represents a lanthanide cation, have been determined by a combination of x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) along with an interaction model. We have studied the compounds with Ln =Tb and Ho, both non-Kramers lanthanides and with high uniaxial anisotropy, and Ln =Lu (III) and Y(III) as pseudolanthanides, which supply nonmagnetic Ln reference cases. At low temperature, the three Fe atoms can be considered as a self-unit with total spin SFe 3=5 /2 . Using the element selectivity of the XMCD magnetometry, measured at the Ln L2 ,3 edges, together with the VSM measurements, the local magnetization of the Ln ion and the Fe3 subcluster, as a function of the field and low temperature (T ?2.5 K ), has been determined separately. These results are described quantitatively in the framework of a theoretical model based on an effective spin Hamiltonian, which considers the competing effects of intracluster interactions and the external applied magnetic field. The Ln -Fe3 exchange interaction within the {Fe3LnO2} cluster has been determined to be antiferromagnetic, in both Tb and Ho compounds, with JFeTb/kB=-0.13 (1 ) K and JFeHo/kB=-0.18 (1 ) K , respectively. In both cases, a field-induced reorientation of the Fe3 and Ln spins from antiparallel to parallel orientation takes place at a threshold field ?0H =1.1 and 2 T, for the {Fe3TbO2} and {Fe3HoO2} compounds, respectively. By comparison with other compounds of the series with uniaxial anisotropy, it is concluded that the polarizability of the Fe3 subcluster magnetic moment decreases in the trend {Fe3YO2}?{Fe3TbO2}?{Fe3HoO2}?{Fe3DyO2} , because of the increasing opposition of the exchange antiferromagnetic field caused by the Ln ion. In the Ln =Tb , Ho, and Dy, the magnetization of the whole molecule is dominated by the anisotropy of the Ln ion. The intracluster Fe3-Ln exchange interactions are very weak compared to the Ln ligand field and Fe-Fe exchange interactions.

  16. Dysprosium-saving improvement of coercivity in Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets by Dy2S3 additions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gabay, A. M.; Marinescu, M.; Li, W. F.; Liu, J. F.; Hadjipanayis, G. C.

    2011-04-01

    Dysprosium-added sintered magnets were prepared from blends of Nd15.5(Fe,Co,Ga)78.2B6.3 and Dy2S3 powders; their microstructure and magnetic properties were compared to those of the magnets made with Dy2O3 additions or from single (Nd,Dy)-(Fe,Co,Ga)-B alloys. The addition of Dy2S3 leads to replacement of the neodymium oxide phases in the sintered magnets by the Nd2O2S and NdS phases. The magnets prepared with both the Dy2S3 and Dy2O3 powders exhibited inhomogeneous distribution of Dy within the (Nd,Dy)2Fe14B grains with Dy-rich outer grain regions. However, in a marked difference from the Dy2O3-added and single-alloy magnets, where the grain-boundary oxide phases were Dy-rich, the magnets prepared with Dy2S3 had their sulfur-containing grain-boundary phases depleted of Dy. With the larger fraction of Dy atoms available for alloying the main (Nd,Dy)2Fe14B phase, the magnets prepared with Dy2S3 showed the largest coercivity gain per 1 at.% of the added Dy.

  17. Decay properties of long-lived isomers in the odd-odd N=81 nucleus {sup 146}Tb compared to the {sup 148}Ho and {sup 150}Tm nuclei

    SciTech Connect

    Kownacki, J.; Kisielinski, M.; Droste, Ch.; Morek, T.; Ruchowska, E.; Grodner, E.; Lieder, R. M.; Kowalczyk, M.; Wrzosek-Lipska, K.; Hadynska-KlePk, K.; Mierzejewski, J.; Andrzejewski, J.; Perkowski, J.; Napiorkowski, P. J.; Zielinska, M.; Kordyasz, A.; Srebrny, J.; Korman, A.

    2011-02-15

    Excited states of the {sup 146}Tb nucleus have been studied using {gamma}-ray and electron spectroscopy in off-beam and in-beam modes following {sup 112}Sn({sup 40}Ar,3n3p) reaction with the use of the OSIRIS-II, HPGe detector array and the conversion electron spectrometer. The multipolarity of the 343 keV transition deexciting the (7{sup -}) level in {sup 146}Tb shows mainly an E2 nature and the first excited state above the 23 s isomer is assigned as a (5{sup -},6{sup -}) state. The log ft values have been deduced for 11 {beta}{sup +}/EC transitions populating excited states in {sup 146}Gd. The systematic behavior of spins and parities of the long-lived levels at 0+x keV and the first excited states above them in the N=81 isotones {sup 146}Tb, {sup 148}Ho, and {sup 150}Tm is discussed.

  18. Gd{sub 3+}-ESR and magnetic susceptibility of GdCu{sub 4}Al{sub 8} and GdMn{sub 4}Al{sub 8}

    SciTech Connect

    Coldea, R.; Coldea, M.; Pop, I.

    1994-03-01

    Gd ESR of GdCu{sub 4}Al{sub 8} and GdMn{sub 4}Al{sub 8} and magnetic susceptibility of GdCu{sub 4}Al{sub 8}, GdMn{sub 4}Al{sub 8}, and YMn{sub 4}Al{sub 8} were measured in the temperature range of 290K--460K and 90K--1050K, respectively. The occurrence of the Mn moment in YMn{sub 4}Al{sub 8} and GdMn{sub 4}Al{sub 8} is strongly correlated with the critical value of d{approx}2.6{angstrom} of the Mn-Mn distance below which the Mn moment is not stable. The experimental data for GdMn{sub 4}Al{sub 8}, compared with the data for the isostructural compounds GdCu{sub 4}Al{sub 8} and YMn{sub 4}Al{sub 8}, show that near the critical value of d, the existence of Mn moment depends not only on the value of d, but also on the local magnetic surroundings. It has been revealed that the magnetic character of Mn moment in YMn{sub 4}Al{sub 8} and GdMn{sub 4}Al{sub 8} changes from an itinerant electron type to a local-moment type with increasing temperature.

  19. Structural and phase dependent thermo and photoluminescent properties of Dy(OH){sub 3} and Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanorods

    SciTech Connect

    Chandrasekhar, M.; Department of Physics, Acharya Institute of Technology, Bangalore 560090 ; Sunitha, D.V.; Dhananjaya, N.; Nagabhushana, H.; Sharma, S.C.; Nagabhushana, B.M.; Shivakumara, C.; Chakradhar, R.P.S.

    2012-08-15

    Graphical abstract: Packing diagram of (a) hexagonal Dy(OH){sub 3} and (b) cubic Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanorods. Highlights: ? Hexagonal Dy(OH){sub 3} and Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanorods were prepared by hydrothermal route. ? Phase dependent PL and TL studies were carried out. ? The kinetic parameters such as activation energy (E), order of kinetics (b), and frequency factor (s) were estimated using peak shape method. ? Linear response of cubic Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} phase is useful for its application in dosimetry. -- Abstract: Hexagonal Dy(OH){sub 3} and cubic Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanorods were prepared by hydrothermal method. Dy(OH){sub 3} nanorods was directly obtained at 180 °C for 20 h after hydrothermal treatment whereas subsequently heat treatment at 750 °C for 2 h gives pure cubic Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3}. SEM micrographs reveal that needle shaped rods with different sizes were observed in both the phases. TEM results also confirm this. The TL response of hexagonal Dy(OH){sub 3} and cubic Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanorods have been analyzed for ?-irradiation over a wide range of exposures (1–5 kGy). TL glow peak intensity increases with ? dose in both the phases. The activation energy (E), order of kinetics (b), and frequency factor (s) for both the phases have been determined using Chen's peak shape method. The simple glow curve shape, structure and linear response to ?-irradiation over a large span of exposures makes the cubic Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} as a useful dosimetric material to estimate high exposures of ?-rays.

  20. New TB treatments hiding in plain sight

    PubMed Central

    Olive, Andrew J; Sassetti, Christopher M

    2015-01-01

    As tuberculosis (TB) toll is revised upward according to the WHO's last estimates, the lack of vaccine strategy and the lengthy antibiotic treatments that unfortunately promote the emergence of drug resistance are a major set back in the fight against this pathogen. In this issue of EMBO Molecular Medicine, Schiebler et al (Mtb) propose a novel and compelling new approach to target Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) by pharmacologically stimulating intracellular mycobacteria clearance through autophagy. PMID:25535253

  1. DyKnow Federations: Distributing and Merging Information Among UAVs

    E-print Network

    Doherty, Patrick

    DyKnow Federations: Distributing and Merging Information Among UAVs Fredrik Heintz and Patrick, patdo}@ida.liu.se Abstract--As unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) applications be- come more complex and versatile there is an increasing need to allow multiple UAVs to cooperate to solve problems which are beyond

  2. Magnetic Behavior of a Dy8 Molecular Nanomagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Qing; Sarachik, Myriam; Baker, Michael; Chen, Yizhang; Kent, Andrew; Stamatatos, Theocharis

    2015-03-01

    As part of a study of quantum tunneling in a newly synthesized family of dysprosium-based molecular magnets that exhibit a chiral spin structure, we report initial investigations of the magnetic response of a Dy8 cluster with the formula (Et4N)4[Dy8O(nd)8(NO3)10(H2O)2] .2MeCN. The molecular complex contains triangular arrangements of exchange coupled Dy(III) ions. The compound forms an approximate snub-square Archimedean lattice unit. The measured magnetization of this network of four triangles suggests the presence of multiple spin chiral vortexes. Single crystal susceptibility and magnetization measurements indicate the presence of a hard-axis direction and an easy plane. These principal orientations have been investigated in magnetic fields up to 5 Tesla for temperatures between 1.8 and 100 K using a SQUID-based Quantum Design MPMS magnetometer. Complex easy plane magnetic hysteresis loops emerge at lower temperatures measured using Hall probe magnetometry at sub 1 K temperatures. The analysis of these measurements will be discussed and compared with results of theoretical calculations. Work supported by ARO W911NF-13-1-1025 (CCNY), NSF-DMR-1309202 (NYU); the synthesis of the Dy8 cluster was supported by NSERC (Discovery grant to Th.C.S.).

  3. Structure and magnetic properties of bulk nanocrystalline Dy metal prepared by spark plasma sintering

    SciTech Connect

    Yue, M.; Wang, K. J.; Liu, W. Q.; Zhang, D. T.; Zhang, J. X.

    2008-11-17

    The structure and magnetic properties were studied for bulk nanocrystalline dysprosium (Dy) metal prepared by spark plasma sintering method. All the as-prepared samples have hexagonal close packed structure. A decrease in grain size results in remarkable changes in magnetic ordering temperature of the nanocrystalline Dy metal. At 5 K, the magnetization drops by 3.35%, and the coercive force increases by three times for nanocrystalline Dy compared to those of coarse-grained bulk Dy sample. These results indicate the remarkable influence of the nanostructure on the magnetism of Dy due to finite size effect.

  4. Redetermination of Dy3Ni from single-crystal X-ray data

    PubMed Central

    Levytskyy, Volodymyr; Babizhetskyy, Volodymyr; Kotur, Bohdan; Smetana, Volodymyr

    2013-01-01

    The classification of the title compound, tridysprosium nickel, into the Fe3C (or Al3Ni) structure type has been deduced from powder X-ray diffraction data with lattice parameters reported in a previous study [Lemaire & Paccard (1967 ?). Bull. Soc. Fr. Mineral. Cristallogr. 40, 311–315]. The current re-investigation of Dy3Ni based on single-crystal X-ray data revealed atomic positional parameters and anisotropic displacement parameters with high precision. The asymmetric unit consists of two Dy and one Ni atoms. One Dy atom has site symmetry .m. (Wyckoff position 4c) and is surrounded by twelve Dy and three Ni atoms. The other Dy atom (site symmetry 1, 8d) has eleven Dy and three Ni atoms as neighbours, forming a distorted Frank–Kasper polyhedron. The coordination polyhedron of the Ni atom (.m., 4c) is a tricapped trigonal prism formed by nine Dy atoms. PMID:24454015

  5. Double-Beta Decay of 96Zr and Double-Electron Capture of 156Dy to Excited Final States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Finch, Sean W.

    Two separate experimental searches for second-order weak nuclear decays to excited final states were conducted. Both experiments were carried out at the Kimballton Underground Research Facility to provide shielding from cosmic rays. The first search is for the two-neutrino double-beta decay of 96Zr to excited final states of the daughter nucleus, 96Mo. As a by product of this experiment, the beta decay of 96Zr was also investigated. Two coaxial high-purity germanium detectors were used in coincidence to detect gamma rays produced by the daughter nucleus as it de-excited to the ground state. After collecting 1.92 years of data with 17.91 g of enriched 96Zr, half-life limits at the level of 10 20 yr were produced. Measurements of this decay are important to test neutrinoless double-beta decay nuclear matrix element calculations, which are necessary to extract the neutrino mass from a measurement of the neutrinoless double-beta decay half-life. The second experiment is a search for the resonantly-enhanced neutrinoless double-electron capture decay of 156Dy to excited states in 156Gd. Double-electron capture is a possible experimental alternative to neutrinoless-double beta decay, which could distinguish the Dirac or Majorana nature of the neutrino. Two clover high-purity germanium detectors were used in coincidence to investigate the decay. A 213.5 mg enriched 156Dy sample was observed for 0.635 year, producing half-life limits of 10 17 yr. The limits produced by both of these experiments are currently the most stringent limits available for these decays.

  6. Luminescence studies on Dy3+ and Dy3+:Eu3+ co-doped boro-phosphate glasses for WLED applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vijayakumar, M.; Uma, V.; Arunkumar, S.; Marimuthu, K.

    2015-06-01

    Dy3+ and Dy3+:Eu3+ co-doped boro-phosphate glasses have been prepared and optically characterized using absorption, luminescence and decay measurements. The Nephelauxetic ratios (?), Bonding parameters (?) and Judd-Ofelt (JO) intensity parameters ?? (? = 2, 4 and 6) were calculated to study the nature of the environment around the RE3+ ions in the prepared glasses. The yellow to blue (Y/B) intensity ratio and the chromaticity color coordinates were calculated from the luminescence measurements. The lifetimes of the 4F9/2 excited level were measured using decay curves and is found to decrease in the Dy3+:Eu3+ co-doped glass due to the occurrence of resonant energy transfer between Dy3+-Eu3+ ions and the non-exponential decay rates have been fitted with Inokuti-Hirayama (IH) model. The decay curves are well fitted for S= 6 suggesting that the interaction between active ions for the energy transfer is of dipole-dipole nature.

  7. Effect of Dy/Nd double layer on coercivity in Nd-Fe-B thin films

    SciTech Connect

    Koike, K. Umezawa, J.; Ishikawa, H.; Ogawa, D.; Mizuno, Y.; Kato, H.; Miyazaki, T.; Ando, Y.

    2014-05-07

    The Nd-Fe-B (t{sub NFB}?=?30?nm)/[Dy (t{sub Dy} nm)/Nd (t{sub Nd} nm)] (t{sub Dy/Nd}?=?20?nm) (thickness t{sub Dy}?=?0–10?nm) thin films were deposited on Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}(0001) substrate and subsequently in-situ annealed at 470?°C. As-deposited Nd-Fe-B thin films with a highly perpendicular orientation of c-axis were deposited by introducing bcc-Mo(111) single crystal buffer layer. After post-annealing, the grain size of the Nd-Fe-B/Dy/Nd thin films with the t{sub Dy}?=?10?nm and t{sub Nd}?=?10?nm becomes large due to the Dy and the Nd atoms thermal diffusion, while DyFe{sub 2} and Dy oxide compounds are formed in Nd-Fe-B layers, which is confirmed by means of a combination of atomic force microscopy observation and X-ray diffraction measurement. The H{sub c} of Nd-Fe-B/Dy/Nd thin films with the t{sub Dy}?=?10?nm and t{sub Nd}?=?10?nm was approximately the same value of the Nd-Fe-B thin films without Dy/Nd double layer annealed at 470?°C. On the other hand, H{sub c} is enhanced to be about 22.1?kOe in the annealed Nd-Fe-B/Dy/Nd films with the t{sub Dy}?=?0.8?nm and t{sub Nd}?=?19.2?nm.

  8. Thermochemical investigations in the system Cd-Gd.

    PubMed

    Reichmann, Thomas L; Ganesan, Rajesh; Ipser, Herbert

    2014-10-15

    Vapour pressure measurements were performed in terms of a non-isothermal isopiestic method to determine vapour pressures of Cd in the system Cd-Gd between 693 and 1045 K. From these results thermodynamic activities of Cd were derived as a function of temperature for the composition range 52-86 at.% Cd. By employing an adapted Gibbs-Helmholtz equation, partial molar enthalpies of mixing of Cd were obtained for the corresponding composition range, which were used to convert the activity values of Cd to a common average sample temperature of 773 K. The relatively large variation of the activity across the homogeneity ranges of the phases Cd2Gd and Cd45Gd11 indicates that they probably belong to the most stable intermetallic compounds in this system. An activity value of Gd for the two phase field Cd6Gd+L was available from literature and served as an integration constant for a Gibbs-Duhem integration. Integral Gibbs energies are presented between 51 and 100 at.% Cd at 773 K, referred to Cd(l) and ?-Gd(s) as standard states. Gibbs energies of formation for the exact stoichiometric compositions of the phases Cd58Gd13, Cd45Gd11, Cd3Gd and Cd2Gd were obtained at 773 K as about -19.9, -21.1, -24.8, and -30.0 kJ g atom-(1), respectively. PMID:25328283

  9. Thermochemical investigations in the system Cd–Gd

    PubMed Central

    Reichmann, Thomas L.; Ganesan, Rajesh; Ipser, Herbert

    2014-01-01

    Vapour pressure measurements were performed in terms of a non-isothermal isopiestic method to determine vapour pressures of Cd in the system Cd–Gd between 693 and 1045 K. From these results thermodynamic activities of Cd were derived as a function of temperature for the composition range 52–86 at.% Cd. By employing an adapted Gibbs–Helmholtz equation, partial molar enthalpies of mixing of Cd were obtained for the corresponding composition range, which were used to convert the activity values of Cd to a common average sample temperature of 773 K. The relatively large variation of the activity across the homogeneity ranges of the phases Cd2Gd and Cd45Gd11 indicates that they probably belong to the most stable intermetallic compounds in this system. An activity value of Gd for the two phase field Cd6Gd+L was available from literature and served as an integration constant for a Gibbs–Duhem integration. Integral Gibbs energies are presented between 51 and 100 at.% Cd at 773 K, referred to Cd(l) and ?-Gd(s) as standard states. Gibbs energies of formation for the exact stoichiometric compositions of the phases Cd58Gd13, Cd45Gd11, Cd3Gd and Cd2Gd were obtained at 773 K as about ?19.9, ?21.1, ?24.8, and ?30.0 kJ g atom?1, respectively. PMID:25328283

  10. Dipstick urinalysis for diabetes screening in TB patients

    PubMed Central

    Restrepo, Blanca I.; Pino, Paula A.; Zarate, Izelda; Mora-Guzman, Francisco

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Diabetes knowledge among TB patients can contribute to improved TB treatment outcomes, but lack of diabetes diagnosis awareness is a limitation in developing countries. Given its low cost, the sensitivity of urine glucose dipsticks for diabetes screening in TB patients was assessed. Methods Glycosuria was assessed in 90 newly diagnosed TB patients (38 with diabetes) in south Texas, USA (n = 20) and northeast Mexico (n = 70) during January 2009–December 2010. Results Glycosuria was detected in 65% of the diabetic patients with chronic hyperglycemia (positive predictive value 91%, negative predictive value 84%). Conclusion We propose that TB clinics with limited budgets where portable glucometers may not be available conduct universal screening for diabetes with urine dipsticks. This could be followed by blood glucose or HbA1c testing in the subset of patients requiring confirmation or higher sensitivity assessment, to improve the comanagement of TB and diabetes. PMID:24030116

  11. GD SDR Automatic Gain Control Characterization Testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nappier, Jennifer M.; Briones, Janette C.

    2013-01-01

    The General Dynamics (GD) S-Band software defined radio (SDR) in the Space Communications and Navigation (SCAN) Testbed on the International Space Station (ISS) will provide experimenters an opportunity to develop and demonstrate experimental waveforms in space. The GD SDR platform and initial waveform were characterized on the ground before launch and the data will be compared to the data that will be collected during on-orbit operations. A desired function of the SDR is to estimate the received signal to noise ratio (SNR), which would enable experimenters to better determine on-orbit link conditions. The GD SDR does not have an SNR estimator, but it does have an analog and a digital automatic gain control (AGC). The AGCs can be used to estimate the SDR input power which can be converted into a SNR. Tests were conducted to characterize the AGC response to changes in SDR input power and temperature. This purpose of this paper is to describe the tests that were conducted, discuss the results showing how the AGCs relate to the SDR input power, and provide recommendations for AGC testing and characterization.

  12. GD SDR Automatic Gain Control Characterization Testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nappier, Jennifer M.; Briones, Janette C.

    2013-01-01

    The General Dynamics (GD) S-Band software defined radio (SDR) in the Space Communications and Navigation (SCAN) Testbed on the International Space Station (ISS) will provide experimenters an opportunity to develop and demonstrate experimental waveforms in space. The GD SDR platform and initial waveform were characterized on the ground before launch and the data will be compared to the data that will be collected during on-orbit operations. A desired function of the SDR is to estimate the received signal to noise ratio (SNR), which would enable experimenters to better determine on-orbit link conditions. The GD SDR does not have an SNR estimator, but it does have an analog and a digital automatic gain control (AGC). The AGCs can be used to estimate the SDR input power which can be converted into a SNR. Tests were conducted to characterize the AGC response to changes in SDR input power and temperature. This purpose of this paper is to describe the tests that were conducted, discuss the results showi ng how the AGCs relate to the SDR input power, and provide recommendations for AGC testing and characterization.

  13. Subpicosecond magnetization dynamics in TbCo alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alebrand, Sabine; Bierbrauer, Ute; Hehn, Michel; Gottwald, Matthias; Schmitt, Oliver; Steil, Daniel; Fullerton, Eric E.; Mangin, Stéphane; Cinchetti, Mirko; Aeschlimann, Martin

    2014-04-01

    Since the discovery of all-optical magnetization switching in rare-earth transition-metal alloys the underlying magnetization dynamics of multisublattice magnets has become a hot topic of modern magnetism. We studied the ultrafast magnetization dynamics in TbCo alloys as a function of the alloy composition and the laser fluence using either 800 nm or 400 nm probe pulses. Direct comparison between TbCo samples with different compositions for equal excitation conditions demonstrates that the magnetization dynamics of the Co sublattice strongly depends on the Tb concentration. For Tb32Co68 the magnetization of the sublattices can even transiently be reversed on a subpicosecond time scale.

  14. Chest Radiographs for Pediatric TB Diagnosis: Interrater Agreement and Utility.

    PubMed

    Kaguthi, G; Nduba, V; Nyokabi, J; Onchiri, F; Gie, R; Borgdorff, M

    2014-01-01

    The chest radiograph (CXR) is considered a key diagnostic tool for pediatric tuberculosis (TB) in clinical management and endpoint determination in TB vaccine trials. We set out to compare interrater agreement for TB diagnosis in western Kenya. A pediatric pulmonologist and radiologist (experts), a medical officer (M.O), and four clinical officers (C.Os) with basic training in pediatric CXR reading blindly assessed CXRs of infants who were TB suspects in a cohort study. C.Os had access to clinical findings for patient management. Weighted kappa scores summarized interrater agreement on lymphadenopathy and abnormalities consistent with TB. Sensitivity and specificity of raters were determined using microbiologically confirmed TB as the gold standard (n = 8). A total of 691 radiographs were reviewed. Agreement on abnormalities consistent with TB was poor; k = 0.14 (95% CI: 0.10-0.18) and on lymphadenopathy moderate k = 0.26 (95% CI: 0.18-0.36). M.O [75% (95% CI: 34.9%-96.8%)] and C.Os [63% (95% CI: 24.5%-91.5%)] had high sensitivity for culture confirmed TB. TB vaccine trials utilizing expert agreement on CXR as a nonmicrobiologically confirmed endpoint will have reduced specificity and will underestimate vaccine efficacy. C.Os detected many of the bacteriologically confirmed cases; however, this must be interpreted cautiously as they were unblinded to clinical features. PMID:25197271

  15. Chest Radiographs for Pediatric TB Diagnosis: Interrater Agreement and Utility

    PubMed Central

    Kaguthi, G.; Nduba, V.; Nyokabi, J.; Onchiri, F.; Gie, R.; Borgdorff, M.

    2014-01-01

    The chest radiograph (CXR) is considered a key diagnostic tool for pediatric tuberculosis (TB) in clinical management and endpoint determination in TB vaccine trials. We set out to compare interrater agreement for TB diagnosis in western Kenya. A pediatric pulmonologist and radiologist (experts), a medical officer (M.O), and four clinical officers (C.Os) with basic training in pediatric CXR reading blindly assessed CXRs of infants who were TB suspects in a cohort study. C.Os had access to clinical findings for patient management. Weighted kappa scores summarized interrater agreement on lymphadenopathy and abnormalities consistent with TB. Sensitivity and specificity of raters were determined using microbiologically confirmed TB as the gold standard (n = 8). A total of 691 radiographs were reviewed. Agreement on abnormalities consistent with TB was poor; k = 0.14 (95% CI: 0.10–0.18) and on lymphadenopathy moderate k = 0.26 (95% CI: 0.18–0.36). M.O [75% (95% CI: 34.9%–96.8%)] and C.Os [63% (95% CI: 24.5%–91.5%)] had high sensitivity for culture confirmed TB. TB vaccine trials utilizing expert agreement on CXR as a nonmicrobiologically confirmed endpoint will have reduced specificity and will underestimate vaccine efficacy. C.Os detected many of the bacteriologically confirmed cases; however, this must be interpreted cautiously as they were unblinded to clinical features. PMID:25197271

  16. Novel gold nanocluster electrochemiluminescence immunosensors based on nanoporous NiGd-Ni2O3-Gd2O3 alloys.

    PubMed

    Lv, Xiaohui; Ma, Hongmin; Wu, Dan; Yan, Tao; Ji, Lei; Liu, Yixin; Pang, Xuehui; Du, Bin; Wei, Qin

    2016-01-15

    Herein, three-dimensional nanoporous NiGd alloy (NP-NiGd) was prepared by selectively dealloy Al from NiGdAl alloy in mild alkaline solution, then Ni2O3 and Gd2O3 grew further on the surface of NP-NiGd to obtain the NP-NiGd-Ni2O3-Gd2O3. On this basis, NP-NiGd-Ni2O3-Gd2O3 was further functionalized with gold nanoparticles (NP-NiGd-Ni2O3-Gd2O3@Au) and acted as sensor platform to fabricate a novel electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensor. Bovine serum albumin protected gold nanoclusters (AuNCs@BSA) were prepared and acted as illuminant. AuNCs@BSA modified graphene oxide (GO/AuNCs@BSA) were used as labels of second antibody. In order to characterize the performance of the ECL immunosensor, carcino embryonie antigen (CEA) was used as the model to complete the experiments. Due to the good performances of NP-NiGd-Ni2O3-Gd2O3@Au (high surface area, excellent electron conductivity) and AuNCs@BSA (low toxicity, biocompatibility, easy preparation and good water solubility), the ECL immunosensor exhibited a wide range from 10(-4) to 5ng/mL with a detection limit of 0.03pg/mL (S/N=3). The immunosensor with excellent stability, acceptable repeatability and selectivity provided a promising method to detect CEA in human serum sample sensitively. PMID:26318782

  17. Suppression of magnetic coupling in superconducting GdN-NbN-GdN trilayers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Senapati, Kartik; Blamire, Mark G.; Barber, Zoe H.

    2013-09-01

    We report on the effect of superconducting ordering in an NbN spacer layer on the magnetic coupling behavior in GdN-NbN-GdN trilayers. In the normal state of NbN, the weak ferromagnetic semiconductor GdN layers were found to be antiferromagnetically coupled, as inferred from magnetization measurements. A gradual decrease in the coupling strength was observed on cooling through Tc. Although this is to be expected, due to a decrease in the quasiparticle density of states (due to Cooper pairing), there has been no experimental confirmation so far. The gradual decrease in coupling strength above Tc correlates well with the appearance of superconducting fluctuations in the spacer NbN layer.

  18. Gd(III)-Gd(III) distance measurements with chirp pump pulses.

    PubMed

    Doll, Andrin; Qi, Mian; Wili, Nino; Pribitzer, Stephan; Godt, Adelheid; Jeschke, Gunnar

    2015-10-01

    The broad EPR spectrum of Gd(III) spin labels restricts the dipolar modulation depth in distance measurements between Gd(III) pairs to a few percent. To overcome this limitation, frequency-swept chirp pulses are utilized as pump pulses in the DEER experiment. Using a model system with 3.4 nm Gd-Gd distance, application of one single chirp pump pulse at Q-band frequencies leads to modulation depths beyond 10%. However, the larger modulation depth is counteracted by a reduction of the absolute echo intensity due to the pump pulse. As supported by spin dynamics simulations, this effect is primarily driven by signal loss to double-quantum coherence and specific to the Gd(III) high spin state of S=7/2. In order to balance modulation depth and echo intensity for optimum sensitivity, a simple experimental procedure is proposed. An additional improvement by 25% in DEER sensitivity is achieved with two consecutive chirp pump pulses. These pulses pump the Gd(III) spectrum symmetrically around the observation position, therefore mutually compensating for dynamical Bloch-Siegert phase shifts at the observer spins. The improved sensitivity of the DEER data with modulation depths on the order of 20% is due to mitigation of the echo reduction effects by the consecutive pump pulses. In particular, the second pump pulse does not lead to additional signal loss if perfect inversion is assumed. Moreover, the compensation of the dynamical Bloch-Siegert phase prevents signal loss due to spatial dependence of the dynamical phase, which is caused by inhomogeneities in the driving field. The new methodology is combined with pre-polarization techniques to measure long distances up to 8.6 nm, where signal intensity and modulation depth become attenuated by long dipolar evolution windows. In addition, the influence of the zero-field splitting parameters on the echo intensity is studied with simulations. Herein, larger sensitivity is anticipated for Gd(III) complexes with zero-field splitting that is smaller than for the employed Gd-PyMTA complex. PMID:26340436

  19. Gd(III)-Gd(III) distance measurements with chirp pump pulses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Doll, Andrin; Qi, Mian; Wili, Nino; Pribitzer, Stephan; Godt, Adelheid; Jeschke, Gunnar

    2015-10-01

    The broad EPR spectrum of Gd(III) spin labels restricts the dipolar modulation depth in distance measurements between Gd(III) pairs to a few percent. To overcome this limitation, frequency-swept chirp pulses are utilized as pump pulses in the DEER experiment. Using a model system with 3.4 nm Gd-Gd distance, application of one single chirp pump pulse at Q-band frequencies leads to modulation depths beyond 10%. However, the larger modulation depth is counteracted by a reduction of the absolute echo intensity due to the pump pulse. As supported by spin dynamics simulations, this effect is primarily driven by signal loss to double-quantum coherence and specific to the Gd(III) high spin state of S = 7/2. In order to balance modulation depth and echo intensity for optimum sensitivity, a simple experimental procedure is proposed. An additional improvement by 25% in DEER sensitivity is achieved with two consecutive chirp pump pulses. These pulses pump the Gd(III) spectrum symmetrically around the observation position, therefore mutually compensating for dynamical Bloch-Siegert phase shifts at the observer spins. The improved sensitivity of the DEER data with modulation depths on the order of 20% is due to mitigation of the echo reduction effects by the consecutive pump pulses. In particular, the second pump pulse does not lead to additional signal loss if perfect inversion is assumed. Moreover, the compensation of the dynamical Bloch-Siegert phase prevents signal loss due to spatial dependence of the dynamical phase, which is caused by inhomogeneities in the driving field. The new methodology is combined with pre-polarization techniques to measure long distances up to 8.6 nm, where signal intensity and modulation depth become attenuated by long dipolar evolution windows. In addition, the influence of the zero-field splitting parameters on the echo intensity is studied with simulations. Herein, larger sensitivity is anticipated for Gd(III) complexes with zero-field splitting that is smaller than for the employed Gd-PyMTA complex.

  20. First Outcome of MDR-TB among Co-Infected HIV/TB Patients from South-West Iran

    PubMed Central

    Motamedifar, Mohammad; Abadi, Ali Reza Hassan; Moghadam, Mahboube Nakhzari

    2015-01-01

    Background Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of mortality among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients and the majority of them occur in developing countries. The aims of the present study were to determine the frequency of HIV/TB co-infection and other probable associated factors. Methods This 10 year retrospective study was conducted on 824 HIV patients in the south-west of Iran. HIV infection was diagnosed by the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and confirmed by Western blot. TB diagnosis was based on consistency of the clinical manifestations, chest X-ray, and microscopic examination. Drug susceptibility testing was done by the proportional method on Löwenstein-Jensen media. Results Of 824 HIV patients, 59 (7.2%) were identified as TB co-infected and the majority (86.4%) of them were male. Of the overall TB infected patients, 6 cases (10.2%) showed multidrug-resistant with the mean CD4+ lymphocyte count of 163±166 cells/mm3. The main clinical forms of TB were pulmonary (73%). There was a significant (p<0.05) correlation between TB infection and CD4+ lymphocyte counts ?200 cells/mm3, gender, prison history, addiction history, and highly active anti-retroviral therapy. Conclusion We reported novel information on frequency of HIV/TB co-infection and multidrug resistant-TB outcome among co-infected patients that could facilitate better management of such infections on a global scale. PMID:26175780

  1. T-SPOT.TB in Detection of Active Tuberculosis During Pregnancy: A Retrospective Study in China.

    PubMed

    Chen, Qiaopei; Guo, Xuxiao; Wang, Xinfeng; Wang, Maoshui

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND Interferon-gamma release assays have not been validated in active TB among pregnant women. Therefore, the objective of this retrospective study was to estimate the diagnostic value of T-SPOT.TB in active TB among pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between May 2012 and May 2015, 26 consecutive pregnant women with suspected TB were enrolled in our study. The clinicopathological characteristics and T-SPOT.TB results were reviewed and analyzed. RESULTS Pregnant patients were divided into a TB group (n=21) and a Non-TB group (n=5). In the TB group, 5 patients had pulmonary TB, 5 had pulmonary TB+ extrapulmonary TB, and 11 had exclusively extrapulmonary TB. The most common site of extrapulmonary TB was pleural (n=11). Statistical analysis showed that the lymphocyte count in the TB group was lower than in the Non-TB group (P<0.05). For detection of active TB during pregnancy, T-SPOT.TB had a high sensitivity of 100.0% (84.5%-100.0%) and a specificity of 80.0% (37.6-96.4%). CONCLUSIONS T-SPOT.TB shows good performance in detection of active tuberculosis during pregnancy. Interferon gamma release assay for TB screening of pregnant women is recommended in clinical practice because it may be a more appropriate diagnostic tool than the tuberculin skin test. PMID:26732770

  2. Magnetic properties of Dy2Ti2O7

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flood, D. J.

    1973-01-01

    Measurements were made of the magnetization, differential magnetic susceptibility, and magnetic entropy of powered samples of Dy2Ti2O7. The saturation magnetic moment is 4.7 + or - 0.2 Bohr magnetons per Dy ion, instead of 10 as predicted by Hund's rules. A temperature-independent magnetization is observed in the saturation region. Absolute values of magnetic entropy have been obtained for temperatures from 1.25 to 20 K, in applied fields up to 10.4 tesla. The magnetic entropy approaches a maximum value consistent with a ground-state multiplicity of 2. Low field magnetization and differential susceptibility data show a transition to antiferromagnetism near 1.35 K. A construction of the magnetic specific heat from the zero field entropy shows an anomaly near the same temperature.

  3. Muon spin precession in ferromagnetic DyAl2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hartmann, O.; Kalvius, G. M.; Wäppling, R.

    2014-12-01

    The Laves phase intermetallics REAl2 were studied by ?SR over several decades. Results had mainly been obtained for the temperature and field dependencies of relaxation rates in the paramagnetic state. However, it turned out that spontaneous precession signals in the ordered magnetic state were very difficult to observe. We report here the observation a weak precession signal in a single crystalline sample of DyAl2. The precession signal seen has low asymmetry and is heavily damped. This is understood with the notion that the magnetic structure of DyAl2 splits the internal field at the interstitial muon stopping site into several components, and that of those only one of the field components leads to the visible precession signal. The observed temperature dependence of the precession frequency is compatible with the change of easy axis of magnetization at T = 40K.

  4. A PERIOD INVESTIGATION OF THE SX PHOENICIS STAR DY PEGASI

    SciTech Connect

    Li, L.-J.; Qian, S.-B.

    2010-06-15

    We measure two new times of light maximum of the SX Phoenicis star DY Pegasi in 2008 December and collect 410 pe/CCD times of light maximum that had been published. These data could be modeled with a nonlinear fit including a continuously decreasing period change (dP/dt = -9.04 x 10{sup -12} days day{sup -1}) and a periodic change with a period of 42.2 yr. If this periodic change is caused by the light traveling time effect of an orbital motion of DY Pegasi in a binary system, the deduced mass of the companion could be 0.028 M{sub sun} and it is probably a brown dwarf.

  5. Ground State Magnetic Properties of Odd Neutron DY Isotopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yakut, Hakan; Tabar, Emre; Kuliev, Ali Akbar; Zenginerler, Zemine; Kaplan, Pinar

    2013-10-01

    Using the quasiparticle phonon nuclear model (QPNM) and taking into account the spin-spin interaction, the effects of the spin polarization on spin gyromagnetic factors (gs) as well as the intrinsic magnetic moments (gK) of the deformed odd neutron 155-165Dy isotopes were studied. The calculated values of gs and gK are in fair agreement with the experiment as well as with other microscopic calculations. Our calculations indicated that because of the core polarization, the gs factors of the nucleons in the nucleus reduce noticeably from its free nucleon value and the spin-spin interactions play an important role in the explanation of the quenching of the gs factors. A very good reproduction of the phenomenological quenching of gs factor from its free values (gs eff = 0.6-0.7gs free) is obtained for 155-165Dy.

  6. Terahertz magnetization dynamics induced by femtosecond resonant pumping of Dy3 + subsystem in the multisublattice antiferromagnet DyFeO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mikhaylovskiy, R. V.; Huisman, T. J.; Popov, A. I.; Zvezdin, A. K.; Rasing, Th.; Pisarev, R. V.; Kimel, A. V.

    2015-09-01

    Resonant optical pumping of f -f electronic transitions in the Dy3 + subsystem with femtosecond laser pulses in the multisublattice antiferromagnet DyFeO3 produces a strongly pronounced effect on the induced magnetization dynamics. Analyzing the polarization and spectral properties of the emitted THz radiation, we infer that the resonant pumping magnetizes the partially ordered Dy3 + ions on a femtosecond time scale with the induced longitudinal change of the magnetization reaching almost 1 % . We also show that for laser photon energies close to the f -f resonance of Dy3 + ions, a minimum in the efficiency of spin-wave excitation in the Fe3 + subsystem via the inverse Faraday effect is observed. This observation reveals that the resonant photo-induced magnetization in the Dy3 + subsystem and the off-resonant excitation of spin waves in the Fe3 + subsystem are intrinsically competing processes.

  7. Photographic copy of plan of new Dy horizontal station and ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photographic copy of plan of new Dy horizontal station and accumulator additions to Test Stand "D," also showing existing Dd test station. JPL drawing by VTN Consolidated, Inc. Engineers, Architects, Planners, 2301 Campus Drive, Irvine, California 92664: "Jet Propulsion Laboratory-Edwards Test Station, Motive Steam Supply & Ejector Pumping System: Plan - Test Stand "D," sheet M-3 (JPL sheet number E24/33), 21 December 1976 - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Test Stand D, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  8. High-field magnetization of Dy2O3

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flood, D. J.

    1974-01-01

    The magnetization of powdered samples of Dy2O3 has been measured at temperatures between 1.45 and 4.2 K, in applied magnetic fields ranging to 70 kilogauss. A linear dependence of magnetization on applied field is observable in the high-field region, the slope of which is independent of temperature over the range investigated. The extrapolated saturation magnetic moment is about 2.77 Bohr magnetons per ion.

  9. High-field magnetization of Dy2O3

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flood, D. J.

    1974-01-01

    The magnetization of powdered samples of Dy2O3 has been measured at temperatures between 1.45 deg and 4.2 K, in applied magnetic fields ranging to 7 Teslas. A linear dependence of magnetization on applied field is observable in high field region, the slope of which is independent of temperature over the range investigated. The extrapolated saturation magnetic moment is 2.77 + or - 0.08 Bohr magnetons per ion.

  10. Enneanuclear [Ni6Ln3] Cages: [Ln(III)3] Triangles Capping [Ni(II)6] Trigonal Prisms Including a [Ni6Dy3] Single-Molecule Magnet.

    PubMed

    Canaj, Angelos B; Tzimopoulos, Demetrios I; Siczek, Milosz; Lis, Tadeusz; Inglis, Ross; Milios, Constantinos J

    2015-07-20

    The use of (2-(?-naphthalideneamino)-2-hydroxymethyl-1-propanol) ligand, H3L, in Ni/Ln chemistry has led to the isolation of three new isostructural [Ni(II)6Ln(III)3] metallic cages. More specifically, the reaction of Ni(ClO4)2·6H2O, the corresponding lanthanide nitrate salt, and H3L in MeCN, under solvothermal conditions in the presence of NEt3, led to the isolation of three complexes with the formulas [Ni6Gd3(OH)6(HL)6(NO3)3]·5.75MeCN·2Et2O·1.5H2O (1·5.75MeCN·2Et2O·1.5H2O), [Ni6Dy3(OH)6(HL)6(NO3)3]·2MeCN·2.7Et2O·2.4H2O (2·2MeCN·2.7Et2O·2.4H2O), and [Ni6Er3(OH)6(HL)6(NO3)3]·5.75MeCN·2Et2O·1.5H2O (3·5.75MeCN·2Et2O·1.5H2O). The structure of all three clusters describes a [Ln(III)3] triangle capping a [Ni(II)6] trigonal prism. Direct current magnetic susceptibility studies in the 5-300 K range for complexes 1-3 reveal the different nature of the magnetic interactions within the clusters: dominant antiferromagnetic exchange interactions for the Dy(III) and Er(III) analogues and dominant ferromagnetic interactions for the Gd(III) example. Alternating current magnetic susceptibility measurements under zero external dc field displayed fully formed temperature- and frequency-dependent out-of-phase peaks for the [Ni(II)6Dy(III)3] analogue, establishing its single molecule magnetism behavior with Ueff = 24 K. PMID:26135204

  11. 46 CFR 38.05-5 - Markings-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Markings-TB/ALL. 38.05-5 Section 38.05-5 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS LIQUEFIED FLAMMABLE GASES Design and Installation § 38.05-5 Markings—TB/ALL. (a)(1) Upon satisfactory completion of tests and inspection, pressure vessel and nonpressure vessel type cargo...

  12. 46 CFR 30.10-45 - Ocean-TB/O.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ocean-TB/O. 30.10-45 Section 30...PROVISIONS Definitions § 30.10-45 Ocean—TB/O. Under this designation...vessels normally navigating the waters of any ocean or the Gulf of Mexico more than 20...

  13. 46 CFR 30.10-45 - Ocean-TB/O.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Ocean-TB/O. 30.10-45 Section 30...PROVISIONS Definitions § 30.10-45 Ocean—TB/O. Under this designation...vessels normally navigating the waters of any ocean or the Gulf of Mexico more than 20...

  14. 46 CFR 30.10-45 - Ocean-TB/O.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Ocean-TB/O. 30.10-45 Section 30...PROVISIONS Definitions § 30.10-45 Ocean—TB/O. Under this designation...vessels normally navigating the waters of any ocean or the Gulf of Mexico more than 20...

  15. 46 CFR 30.10-45 - Ocean-TB/O.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Ocean-TB/O. 30.10-45 Section 30...PROVISIONS Definitions § 30.10-45 Ocean—TB/O. Under this designation...vessels normally navigating the waters of any ocean or the Gulf of Mexico more than 20...

  16. 46 CFR 30.10-45 - Ocean-TB/O.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Ocean-TB/O. 30.10-45 Section 30...PROVISIONS Definitions § 30.10-45 Ocean—TB/O. Under this designation...vessels normally navigating the waters of any ocean or the Gulf of Mexico more than 20...

  17. 46 CFR 38.05-20 - Insulation-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... strength for the proposed design. Additionally, the thermal expansion of the insulation relative to the... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Insulation-TB/ALL. 38.05-20 Section 38.05-20 Shipping... Installation § 38.05-20 Insulation—TB/ALL. (a) Where used, tank insulation shall satisfy the...

  18. 46 CFR 38.05-20 - Insulation-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... strength for the proposed design. Additionally, the thermal expansion of the insulation relative to the... 46 Shipping 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Insulation-TB/ALL. 38.05-20 Section 38.05-20 Shipping... Installation § 38.05-20 Insulation—TB/ALL. (a) Where used, tank insulation shall satisfy the...

  19. 46 CFR 38.05-20 - Insulation-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

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  1. 46 CFR 38.05-20 - Insulation-TB/ALL.

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  2. 46 CFR 35.30-25 - Explosives-TB/ALL.

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    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

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    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Explosives-TB/ALL. 35.30-25 Section 35.30-25 Shipping... Explosives—TB/ALL. Fulminates or other detonating compounds in bulk in dry condition; explosive compositions... other like explosives shall not be accepted, stored, stowed or transported on board tank vessels....

  7. 46 CFR 34.30-1 - Application-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Application-TB/ALL. 34.30-1 Section 34.30-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS FIREFIGHTING EQUIPMENT Automatic Sprinkler Systems, Details § 34.30-1 Application—TB/ALL. Automatic sprinkler systems shall comply with NFPA 13-1996....

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    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application-TB/ALL. 34.30-1 Section 34.30-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS FIREFIGHTING EQUIPMENT Automatic Sprinkler Systems, Details § 34.30-1 Application—TB/ALL. Automatic sprinkler systems shall comply with NFPA 13-1996....

  9. 46 CFR 34.30-1 - Application-TB/ALL.

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    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Application-TB/ALL. 34.30-1 Section 34.30-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS FIREFIGHTING EQUIPMENT Automatic Sprinkler Systems, Details § 34.30-1 Application—TB/ALL. Automatic sprinkler systems shall comply with NFPA 13-1996....

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    2011-10-01

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    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

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  12. 46 CFR 34.10-1 - Application-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

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  13. 46 CFR 30.10-35 - Headquarters-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Headquarters-TB/ALL. 30.10-35 Section 30.10-35 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS GENERAL PROVISIONS Definitions § 30.10-35 Headquarters—TB/ALL. The term Headquarters means the Office of the Commandant, U.S. Coast Guard, Washington,...

  14. 46 CFR 30.10-35 - Headquarters-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

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  15. 46 CFR 30.10-35 - Headquarters-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

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  16. 46 CFR 30.10-45 - Ocean-TB/O.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

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  17. 46 CFR 30.10-45 - Ocean-TB/O.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Ocean-TB/O. 30.10-45 Section 30.10-45 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS GENERAL PROVISIONS Definitions § 30.10-45 Ocean—TB/O. Under this designation shall be included all tank vessels normally navigating the waters of any ocean...

  18. Polarization enhancement and ferroelectric switching enabled by interacting magnetic structures in DyMnO3 thin films

    PubMed Central

    Lu, Chengliang; Dong, Shuai; Xia, Zhengcai; Luo, Hui; Yan, Zhibo; Wang, Haowen; Tian, Zhaoming; Yuan, Songliu; Wu, Tao; Liu, Junming

    2013-01-01

    The mutual controls of ferroelectricity and magnetism are stepping towards practical applications proposed for quite a few promising devices in which multiferroic thin films are involved. Although ferroelectricity stemming from specific spiral spin ordering has been reported in highly distorted bulk perovskite manganites, the existence of magnetically induced ferroelectricity in the corresponding thin films remains an unresolved issue, which unfortunately halts this step. In this work, we report magnetically induced electric polarization and its remarkable response to magnetic field (an enhancement of ~800% upon a field of 2 Tesla at 2?K) in DyMnO3 thin films grown on Nb-SrTiO3 substrates. Accompanying with the large polarization enhancement, the ferroelectric coercivity corresponding to the magnetic chirality switching field is significantly increased. A picture based on coupled multicomponent magnetic structures is proposed to understand these features. Moreover, different magnetic anisotropy related to strain-suppressed GdFeO3-type distortion and Jahn-Teller effect is identified in the films. PMID:24291803

  19. Percutaneous breast implant herniation: a rare complication of miliary TB.

    PubMed

    Dale, Adam P; Dedicoat, Martin J; Saleem, Tausif; Moran, Ed

    2015-01-01

    We describe the case of a 46-year-old female patient treated for disseminated tuberculosis (TB) infection involving the lungs, urinary tract and skin. Following initiation of antituberculous therapy, the patient's right breast implant eroded through the overlying skin and was seen to be herniating through the resulting defect. The breast implant was removed under local anaesthetic and histological analysis of the resected tissue demonstrated granuloma formation consistent with periprosthetic TB. Wound healing following implant removal was poor and future breast augmentation surgery was only considered following completion of 12?months anti-TB treatment. This case constitutes the first report in the literature of percutaneous breast implant herniation resulting from periprosthetic infection with TB. A high index of suspicion is required to ensure early detection and timely management of TB and, in cases where periprosthetic pus aspirate is sterile, mycobacterial infection must be actively excluded. PMID:25568276

  20. Occurrence of magnetoelectric effect correlated to the Dy order in Dy2NiMnO6 double perovskite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Masud, Md G.; Dey, K.; Ghosh, A.; Majumdar, S.; Giri, S.

    2015-08-01

    Magnetic, dielectric, and ac conductivity as well as room temperature structural and Raman studies are performed on double perovskite Dy2NiMnO6. The crystal structure of the compound adopts monoclinic P21/n space group, where alternate Mn and Ni distorted octahedral are arranged in anti-phase a- a- b+ order in Glazer notation. Magnetization studies show two magnetic transitions around 100 K and 20 K which are related to the ordering of transition and rare earth cations moment, respectively. Temperature dependent dielectric permittivity shows Havriliak-Negami type thermally activated dielectric relaxation. The ac conductivity at different temperature is found to follow Jonscher power law behavior. Time-temperature scaling of the conductivity spectra reveals that the charge transport dynamics is independent of temperature. Intriguingly, an anomaly in the dielectric constant is observed close to the order of Dy moment which indicates intrinsic magnetoelectric coupling. The hybridization between Dy and Ni/Mn is suggested to be correlated with the magnetoelectric coupling.

  1. A salen-type Dy4 single-molecule magnet with an enhanced energy barrier and its analogues.

    PubMed

    Luan, Fang; Yan, Pengfei; Zhu, Jing; Liu, Tianqi; Zou, Xiaoyan; Li, Guangming

    2015-03-01

    Four isomorphic tetranuclear lanthanide complexes, namely [Ln4(L)2(HL)2(NO3)2(OH)2](NO3)2·4H2O (Ln = Dy (1); Tb (2); Ho (3); Er (4)), constructed using hexadentate salen-type ligand N,N'-bis(3-methoxy-salicylidene)cyclohexane-1,2-diamine, have been isolated. X-ray crystallographic analysis reveals that all of the complexes 1-4 are of discrete tetranuclear structure with a unique {Ln4O8} core in which four lanthanide ions are coplanar in a rhombic frame. There are two crystallographically unequivalent lanthanide ions, that is the Ln1(III) ion which is nine-coordinated in a monocapped square-antiprismatic geometry of the C(4v) point group and the Ln2(III) ion which is eight-coordinated in a distorted bicapped trigonal-prismatic geometry of the C(2v) point group. Magnetic analysis reveals that complex 1 exhibits two slow magnetic relaxations with the highest energy barrier among the reported tetranuclear salen-type dysprosium SMMs. This further extends the available SMMs of salen-type lanthanide complexes. PMID:25619145

  2. Band Structure of the Mn5Si3-, Tb5Si3-, and Tb5Ge3-type Compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zabidi, N. A.; Kassim, H. A.; Shrivastava, K. N.

    2010-12-01

    The results of the band structure studies on Tb5Si3 and Tb5Ge3 as well as Mn5Si3 single crystals are reported. The compounds Tb5Si3 and Tb5Ge3 are metamagnetic because of a strong effect of magnetic field on the magnetization. The spin polarized and nonpolarized calculations give similar results in band structure for all of the compounds. The Fermi energy of Mn5Si3 is higher compared to Tb5Si3 and Tb5Ge3 while binding energy for Mn5Si3 is lower than in the other two compounds. The band gaps found in the Mn5Si3 compound are a bit higher when spin polarization is introduced in the calculation. The densities of states calculations show no electrons in the conduction band. This is the special finding of the present work. The bands Tb5Si3 and Tb5Ge3 but not Mn5Si3 exhibit metamagnetic behavior assigned to valence band electrons.

  3. In 1997, the maize gene tb1 was reported as the first domestication QTL to be cloned (4). tb1

    E-print Network

    Forbes, Jeffrey

    In 1997, the maize gene tb1 was reported as the first domestication QTL to be cloned (4). tb1 grains to maize (as opposed to the covered grains of teosinte), was cloned (6).And thus far in 2006, in addition to the two rice shattering genes, cloning of the wheat Q gene was reported (7). Q controls

  4. The new structure type Gd3Ni7Al14.

    PubMed

    Pukas, Svitlana; Gladyshevskii, Roman

    2015-11-01

    The crystal structure of Gd3Ni7Al14 (trigadolinium heptanickel tetradecaaluminide) belongs to a family of two-layer structures and can be described as an assembly of interpenetrating centred straight prisms. For the Ni atoms, trigonal prisms (Al4Gd2 and Al6) are observed, the Al atoms are inside tetragonal (Ni2Al2Gd4, Ni2Al4Gd2, Al4Gd4, Ni4Al4 and Al8) and pentagonal (Ni4Al6 and Al10) prisms, while the Gd atoms are at the centres of pentagonal (Ni4Al6) and hexagonal (Ni4Al8) prisms. In each case, the true coordination polyhedron is a capped prism, also including atoms from the same layer. The structural features of Gd3Ni7Al14 are similar to those of the intermetallides PrNi2Al3 and ZrNiAl. In all these structures, Ni-centred trigonal prisms form infinite columns via common triangular faces. The columns share prism edges and form a three-dimensional framework with six-membered rings in the (001) plane in the case of the PrNi2Al3 and ZrNiAl types. In the case of Gd3Ni7Al14, six-membered rings are also observed, but only two-thirds of the rings are interconnected via prism edges. PMID:26524174

  5. Electronic transitions in GdN band structure

    SciTech Connect

    Vidyasagar, R. Kita, T.; Sakurai, T.; Ohta, H.

    2014-05-28

    Using the near-infrared (NIR) absorbance spectroscopy, electronic transitions and spin polarization of the GdN epitaxial film have been investigated; and the GdN epitaxial film was grown by a reactive rf sputtering technique. The GdN film exhibited three broad bands in the NIR frequency regimes; and those bands are attributable primarily to the minority and majority spin transitions at the X-point and an indirect transition along the ?-X symmetric direction of GdN Brillouin zone. We experimentally observe a pronounced red-shift of the indirect band gap when cooling down below the Curie temperature which is ascribed to the orbital-dependent coulomb interactions of Gd-5dxy electrons, which tend to push-up the N-2p bands. On the other hand, we have evaluated the spin polarization of 0.17 (±0.005), which indicates that the GdN epitaxial film has almost 100% spin-polarized carriers. Furthermore, the experimental result of GdN electronic transitions are consistent with the previous reports and are thus well-reproduced. The Arrott plots evidenced that the Curie temperature of GdN film is 36?K and the large spin moment is explained by the nitrogen vacancies and the intra-atomic exchange interaction.

  6. Linear dichroism and resonant photoemission in Gd 011

    SciTech Connect

    Mishra, S.R.; Cummins, T.R.; Gammon, W.J.; van der Laan, G.; Goodman, K.W.; Tobin, J.G.

    1998-05-13

    Magnetic Linear Dichroism in Angular Distributions (MLDAD) from Photoelectron Emission was used to probe the nature of Resonant Photoemission. Gd 5p and Gd 4f emission were investigated. Using novel theoretical simulations, we were able to show that temporal matching is a requirement for ``True`` Resonant Photoemission, where the Resonant Photoemission retains the characteristics of Photoelectron Emission.

  7. Studies of sintered MRE-Fe-B magnets by DyF3 addition or diffusion treatment (MRE?=?Nd?+?Y?+?Dy)

    SciTech Connect

    Tang, Wei; Dennis, Kevin W.; Kramer, Matthew; Anderson, Iver, McCallum, Ralph W.

    2012-03-13

    Sintered MRE2(Fe, Co)14B magnets by DyF3 blending or diffusion treatment were investigated. “Base-line” magnets with a thickness of 1.5?mm were coated (painted) with DyF3 powder and heated to promote Dy diffusion at 800–900?°C, i.e., “Diffusion” magnets. For comparison, the magnet alloy powder for making Base-line magnets was blended with 3–5?wt.% DyF3 powder and then made into sintered magnets, i.e., “Blended” magnets. The coercivity and (BH)max of Base-line magnets were 9.7 kOe and 32.7 MGOe, respectively, while the coercivity of Diffusion magnets was increased to 15 kOe and the (BH)max was nearly unchanged at 31.4 MGOe. Blended magnets with 5?wt% DyF3 had a coercivity of 17.8 kOe, but the (BH)max was reduced to 25.4 MGOe, due to a considerable reduction of remanence. The total Dy concentration in the MRE2(Fe, Co)14B Diffusion magnets with a ? value of ?0.5%/°C was 5.3?wt%, while typical commercial Nd-based Nd2Fe14B magnets require at least 7.5 wt% Dy to achieve the same ?. Therefore, the MRE2(Fe, Co)14B Diffusion magnets exhibited better temperature stability.

  8. Characterization of Dye-decolorizing Peroxidase (DyP) from Thermomonospora curvata Reveals Unique Catalytic Properties of A-type DyPs.

    PubMed

    Chen, Chao; Shrestha, Ruben; Jia, Kaimin; Gao, Philip F; Geisbrecht, Brian V; Bossmann, Stefan H; Shi, Jishu; Li, Ping

    2015-09-18

    Dye-decolorizing peroxidases (DyPs) comprise a new family of heme peroxidases, which has received much attention due to their potential applications in lignin degradation. A new DyP from Thermomonospora curvata (TcDyP) was identified and characterized. Unlike other A-type enzymes, TcDyP is highly active toward a wide range of substrates including model lignin compounds, in which the catalytic efficiency with ABTS (kcat (app)/Km (app) = (1.7 × 10(7)) m(-1) s(-1)) is close to that of fungal DyPs. Stopped-flow spectroscopy was employed to elucidate the transient intermediates as well as the catalytic cycle involving wild-type (wt) and mutant TcDyPs. Although residues Asp(220) and Arg(327) are found necessary for compound I formation, His(312) is proposed to play roles in compound II reduction. Transient kinetics of hydroquinone (HQ) oxidation by wt-TcDyP showed that conversion of the compound II to resting state is a rate-limiting step, which will explain the contradictory observation made with the aspartate mutants of A-type DyPs. Moreover, replacement of His(312) and Arg(327) has significant effects on the oligomerization and redox potential (E°') of the enzyme. Both mutants were found to promote the formation of dimeric state and to shift E°' to a more negative potential. Not only do these results reveal the unique catalytic property of the A-type DyPs, but they will also facilitate the development of these enzymes as lignin degraders. PMID:26205819

  9. Preparation, microstructure, and magnetic properties of bulk nanocrystalline Gd metal

    SciTech Connect

    Yue, M.; Zhang, J. X.; Zeng, H.; Wang, K. J.

    2006-12-04

    Bulk nanocrystalline gadolinium metal was prepared using spark plasma sintering (SPS) and subsequent annealing process. The SPS Gd metal had a single phase with a mean grain size of about 10 nm. A pressure-induced C-axis crystal texture was found in the SPS Gd sample. With the decrease of Gd grains from micrometer to nanometer range, the Curie temperature T{sub C} decreased by 10.7 K and the magnetic moment per Gd atom at 5 K dropped noticeably from 7.81{mu}{sub B} to 6.31{mu}{sub B}. These results indicate the remarkable influence of the nanostructure on the magnetism of Gd due to the finite size effect.

  10. Coherent growth of GaGdN layers with high Gd concentration on GaN(0001)

    SciTech Connect

    Higashi, K.; Hasegawa, S.; Abe, D.; Mitsuno, Y.; Komori, S.; Ishimaru, M.; Asahi, H.; Ishikawa, F.

    2012-11-26

    We report on the coherent growth of GaGdN with high Gd concentration on a GaN template using radio-frequency plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy under elevated growth conditions. X-ray diffraction and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy observations revealed that at a growth temperature of 700 {sup Degree-Sign }C or below, GaGdN layers are coherently grown on the GaN templates without segregation of the secondary phases. As the GdN mole fraction x was increased to 0.08, the c-axis lattice parameter in Ga{sub 1-x}Gd{sub x}N increased linearly. Increasing the growth temperature to 750 {sup Degree-Sign }C causes lattice relaxation in GaGdN. All GaGdN samples exhibited photoluminescence emissions near the band-edge, a blue luminescence band emission, and a green luminescence band emission. The origin of the green luminescence band emission is discussed in relation to the compressive strain existing in the GaGdN layers coherently grown on GaN.

  11. The hydrogenation of Dy{sub 5}Pd{sub 2} followed by in situ methods

    SciTech Connect

    Kohlmann, H.; Talik, E.; Hansen, T.C.

    2012-03-15

    The hydrogenation behavior of the intermetallic compound Dy{sub 5}Pd{sub 2} was investigated by means of ex situ X-ray powder diffraction, in situ neutron powder diffraction and in situ differential scanning calorimetry. The structural model of Dy{sub 5}Pd{sub 2} with a palladium atom at the 32(e) position x, x, x (x Almost-Equal-To 0.22, 7/8 occupation) and a dysprosium atom at almost the same location (x Almost-Equal-To 0.18, 1/8 occupation) is confirmed. Upon heating the latter approaches x(Pd) and at T=399 K both positional parameters are indistinguishable. Dy{sub 5}Pd{sub 2} does not incorporate hydrogen (deuterium) into its crystal structure, however, starting at T=495 K reacts with hydrogen to non stoichiometric dysprosium dideuteride, DyD{sub 2+x}, following a parabolic rate law. In situ differential scanning calorimetry at various hydrogen pressures up to 2.5 MPa shows strongly exothermic signals, whose temperature onset depend on the gas pressure, corresponding to the formation of a mainly ionic hydride (DyH{sub 2+x}). - Graphical abstract: The hydrogenation of Dy5Pd2 is being followed by in situ neutron diffraction. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Dy5Pd2 does not form a ternary hydride upon hydrogenation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Dy5Pd2 decomposes to binary hydrides of dysprosium and palladium. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer At T{>=}399 K Dy3 and Pd in the crystal structure of Dy5Pd2 share the same position. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The formation of DyD2+x at T=495 K and p(D2)=2.5 MPa follows a parabolic rate law.

  12. New drugs and regimens for treatment of TB

    PubMed Central

    Leibert, Eric; Rom, William N

    2013-01-01

    Tools for effective TB control have been available for years. Case finding, active medications, case management and directly observed therapy are the foundations for the management of TB. The current TB epidemic, centered in resource-limited settings is fueled by the HIV-1 epidemic. Lack of ability to diagnose and treat drug-resistant TB has led to development of more extensive patterns of resistance. Among the currently available drugs, there is reason to hope that rifamycins paired with fluoroquinolones will lead to shorter treatment regimens for drug-susceptible TB. As the result of novel public-private collaborations and investments of resources, new drugs are being developed. These include TMC207, already shown to have activity early in the treatment of multidrug-resistant TB and others that are likely to be active against persistor organisms, and have the prospect to dramatically shorten treatment courses for active and latent TB. Given that these drugs have novel mechanisms of action, combinations have the prospect to be highly active even against multidrug-resistant organisms. PMID:20586565

  13. [Tuberculosis annual report 2008--series 2. TB in foreigners].

    PubMed

    2009-11-01

    Statistics on tuberculosis (TB) in foreigners have been obtained since 1998 in Japan. The number of foreign TB patients increased from 739 in 1998 to 945 in 2008. In contrast, the number of Japanese TB patients decreased during this period and hence the proportion of foreign TB patients increased from 2.1% in 1998 to 3.9% in 2008, excluding those of unknown nationality. Especially, the proportion of those aged 20-29 years increased greatly from 9.1% in 1998 to 26.3% in 2008. Although the number of nationalities was 47, the majority of patients were from China (27.7%), the Philippines (24.8%) and Korea (10.2%) in 2008. The number of foreign TB patients aged 20-29 years was 468, accounting for 49.5% of all foreign TB patients in 2008. Seventy-seven percent of foreign patients aged 20-29 years had developed TB within 5 years of entering Japan. The equivalent proportion was 49% of those aged 30-39 years and 32% of those aged 40-49 years. Regarding occupation, 39.7% of foreign patients aged 20-29 years were full-time workers, 28.6% were students and 13.7% were part-time workers. PMID:19999597

  14. The first example of Tb?-containing metallopolymer-type hybrid materials with efficient and high color-purity green luminescence.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Zhao; Feng, Heini; Liu, Lin; Yu, Chao; Lü, Xingqiang; Zhu, Xunjin; Wong, Wai-Kwok; Jones, Richard A; Pan, Mei; Su, Chengyong

    2015-04-01

    In the series of homo-leptic trinuclear complexes {[Ln3(L)4Cl4(MeOH)(H2O)]·Cl} (Ln = La, 1; Ln = Eu, 2; Ln = Tb, 3 or Ln = Gd, 4) self-assembled from the allyl-modified benzimidazole-type ligand HL (4-allyl-2-(1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)-6-methoxyphenol) and LnCl3·6H2O, a suitable energy level match endows efficient green luminescence (?(overall) = 72%) of Tb3-arrayed complex 3. The copolymerization between each of these complex monomers 1-4 and C=C-containing MMA (methyl methacrylate) or NBE (norbornene) shows that degradative chain transfer of the terminal four flexible allyl groups within restrains their radical polymerization with MMA while it does not hinder their effective ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) with NBE. Thus, two kinds of PMMA-supported doping hybrid materials 1@PMMA, 2@PMMA, 3@PMMA and 4@PMMA and PNBE-supported metallopolymer-type hybrid materials Poly(NBE-1), Poly(NBE-2), Poly(NBE-3) and Poly(NBE-4) are obtained, respectively. Especially for both 3@PMMA and Poly(NBE-3) with high color-purity characteristic green emission of Tb(3+) ions, improved physical properties including significantly enhanced luminescence (?(overall) = 76% or 83%) are observed, and covalent-bonding endows a higher-concentration self-quenching as compared to physical doping. PMID:25738488

  15. Phase Transitions above the Yrast Line in {sup 154}Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Ma, W. C.; Martin, V.; Khoo, T. L.; Lauritsen, T.; Egido, J. L.; Ahmad, I.; Bhattacharyya, P.; Carpenter, M. P.; Daly, P. J.; Grabowski, Z. W.

    2000-06-26

    Spectra of the E2 quasicontinuum {gamma} rays feeding different spin regions of the {sup 154}Dy yrast line have been extracted. These are compared with corresponding theoretical spectra obtained by numerical simulations based on temperature-dependent Hartree-Fock theory, with thermal shape fluctuations. In this manner, different regions of the spin-energy plane can be examined. The results support the predictions of a smeared-out phase transition at high spin above the yrast line. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.

  16. Spectral Properties of Dy-Doped Thermal Barrier Sensor Coatings

    SciTech Connect

    Allison, Stephen W; Moore, Danielle; Heyes, Andrew; Nichols, John R.

    2009-01-01

    We have obtained the excitation (484, 497 and 585 nm) and emission (355, 367 and 385 nm) spectra and measured the fluorescence decay lifetimes for partially Y2O3 stabilized ZrO2 thermal barrier coatings doped with 2mol% Dy2O3, as a function of coating depth for thicknesses ranging from 30 to 200 ?m. In principle, these coatings can function not only as thermal protection barriers for turbomachinery blades and vanes, but also as remotely interrogated self-sensors for use in determining in situ wear rates during operation. This is done by varying the excitation wavelength and observing the fluorescence decay times and related parameters.

  17. Virologic and immunologic outcome of HAART in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-1 infected patients with and without tuberculosis (TB) and latent TB infection (LTBI) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background HIV/TB coinfection remains a major challenge even after the initiation of HAART. Little is known about Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) specific immune restoration in relation to immunologic and virologic outcomes after long-term HAART during co-infections with latent and active TB. Methods A total of 232 adults, including 59 HIV patients with clinical TB (HIV?+?TB+), 125 HIV patients without clinical TB (HIV?+?TB-), 13 HIV negative active TB patients (HIV-TB+), and 10 HIV negative Tuberculin Skin TST positive (HIV-TST+), and 25 HIV-TST- individuals were recruited. HAART was initiated in 113 HIV?+?patients (28 TB?+?and 85 TB-), and anti-TB treatment for all TB cases. CD4+ T-cell count, HIV RNA load, and IFN-? responses to ESAT-6/CFP-10 were measured at baseline, 6 months (M6), 18 months (M18) and 24 months (M24) after HAART initiation. Results The majority of HIV?+?TB- (70%, 81%, 84%) as well as HIV?+?TB?+?patients (60%, 77%, 80%) had virologic success (HIV RNA?TB?+?(from 110.3 to 289.9 cells/?l), HIV?+?TB- patients (197.8 to 332.3 cells/?l), HIV?+?TST- (199 to 347 cells/?l) and HIV?+?TST?+?individuals (195 to 319 cells/?l). Overall, there was no significant difference in the percentage of patients that achieved virologic success and in total CD4+ counts increased between HIV patients with and without TB or LTBI. The Mtb specific IFN-? response at baseline was significantly lower in HIV?+?TB?+?(3.6 pg/ml) compared to HIV-TB?+?patients (34.4 pg/ml) and HIV?+?TST?+?(46.3 pg/ml) individuals; and in HIV-TB?+?patients compared to HIV-TST?+?individuals (491.2 pg/ml). By M18 on HAART, the IFN-? response remained impaired in HIV?+?TB?+?patients (18.1 pg/ml) while it normalized in HIV?+?TST?+?individuals (from 46.3 to 414.2 pg/ml). Conclusions Our data show that clinical and latent TB infections do not influence virologic and immunologic outcomes of ART in HIV patients. Despite this, HAART was unable to restore optimal TB responsiveness as measured by Mtb specific IFN-? response in HIV/TB patients. Improvement of Mtb-specific immune restoration should be the focus of future therapeutic strategies. PMID:23842109

  18. Absorption intensities and emission cross sections of Tb3+ (4f8) in TbAlO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sardar, Dhiraj K.; Nash, Kelly L.; Yow, Raylon M.; Gruber, John B.; Valiev, Uygun V.; Kokanyan, Edvard P.

    2006-10-01

    Trivalent terbium absorption intensities in single-crystal TbAlO3 are analyzed using the Judd-Ofelt model to assess the crystal's potential as a solid state laser system. The standard Judd-Ofelt model was applied to the room temperature absorption intensities of Tb3+ (4f8) to determine the phenomenological intensity parameters ?2, ?4, and ?6. Seven multiplet manifolds are identified and the absorption intensities of these manifolds are least-squares fitted to the calculated intensities to obtain the intensity parameters: ?2=40.52×10-20cm2, ?4=8.74×10-20cm2, and ?6=2.26×10-20cm2 in TbAlO3. These intensity parameters are then applied to determine the radiative decay rates and branching ratios of Tb3+ transitions from the D45 to the FJ'7 multiplet manifolds. Based on the results, the radiative lifetime of the excited state manifold D45 is determined from the radiative decay rates and found to be 3.5ms. The calculated lifetime is longer than the measured lifetime, reflecting the nonradiative interactions between the Tb3+ ions and the lattice in the pure compound. The intensity parameters, radiative lifetime, and emission cross sections are then compared to those reported in other laser hosts. The quantum efficiency of the laser transition D45?F57 of Tb3+ is approximately 57.0% in TbAlO3.

  19. Coercivity enhancement of Nd-Fe-B thin film magnets by Dy buffer and capping layers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    You, C. Y.; Wang, J. W.; Lu, Z. X.

    2012-04-01

    The Dy layer was inserted into the structure of SiO2/Ti/Nd-Fe-B/Ti as the buffer or capping layer of the Nd-Fe-B layer. The insertions of Dy layers had no significant influence on the film texture with the easy axis mainly perpendicular to the film plane. The film without Dy layer gave the out-of-plane coercivity of 533 kA/m, maximum magnetic energy product (BH)max of 245 kJ/m3. With a Dy buffer layer, the out-of-plane coercivity and (BH)max were increased to 1074 kA/m, 291 kJ/m3 respectively. The film with Dy capping layer had a coercivity of 1035 kA/m and (BH)max of 286 kJ/m3. Microstructure observations showed that the Nd-rich phases were evolved into grain boundaries from triple junctions by a Dy buffer layer deposition, resulting in a well magnetic decoupling of Nd2Fe14B neighboring grains. Through capping a Dy layer, the environment of grain boundaries had been improved and some Dy diffused into Nd2Fe14B phases, which contributed to the enhancement of magnetic performance.

  20. Field evaluation of a dyed food marking technique for Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae)

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A method of marking adult Cx. quinquefasciatus Say by feeding the larvae commercial hog chow dyed with methylene blue, Giemsa, and crystal violet was evaluated under field conditions. Larvae were offered the dyed food in outdoor basins containg a mixture of dairy effluent and fresh water. Newly emer...

  1. Unconventional Magnetic Correlations in DyB2C and HoB2C 

    E-print Network

    van Duijn, J; Attfield, J. Paul; Watanuki, R; Suzuki, K; Heenan, R K

    2003-01-01

    Layered borocarbides RB2C (R=Dy,Ho,and Er) have been studied by powder neutron diffraction at 2–30 K. ErB2C has two-sublattice antiferromagnetic order below TN= 16:3 K, but DyB2C and HoB2C show a coexistence of a ...

  2. A Supercooled Spin Liquid State in the Frustrated Pyrochlore Dy2Ti2O7

    E-print Network

    Davis, James C.

    1 A Supercooled Spin Liquid State in the Frustrated Pyrochlore Dy2Ti2O7 Ethan R. Kassner1, Azar B (, ), and a general Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts (KWW) form for time-domain relaxation. Recently, the pyrochlore Dy2Ti2O7

  3. Dispersion of Anomalous Azimuthal Rotation and Circular Extinction Contrast in Dyed K2SO4 Crystals

    E-print Network

    Kaminsky, Werner

    ) recognizes principally the chiral {111} surfaces of growing K2SO4 crystals by virtue of the factDispersion of Anomalous Azimuthal Rotation and Circular Extinction Contrast in Dyed K2SO4 Crystals of the dispersion of anomalous azimuthal rotation signals from dyed crystals that are at variance with our

  4. 26 CFR 48.4082-1T - Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed fuel (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed...Fuel Taxable Fuel § 48.4082-1T Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed...paragraph (d)(6) of this section, diesel fuel or kerosene satisfies the...

  5. 26 CFR 48.4082-1 - Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed..., Tread Rubber, and Taxable Fuel Taxable Fuel § 48.4082-1 Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed fuel. (a) Exemption. Tax is not imposed by section 4081 on the removal, entry, or sale of any...

  6. 26 CFR 48.4082-2 - Diesel fuel and kerosene; notice required for dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Diesel fuel and kerosene; notice required for..., Tires, Tubes, Tread Rubber, and Taxable Fuel Taxable Fuel § 48.4082-2 Diesel fuel and kerosene; notice required for dyed fuel. (a) In general. A legible and conspicuous notice stating “DYED DIESEL...

  7. {beta}-decay half-lives of new neutron-rich rare-earth isotopes {sup 159}Pm,{sup 162}Sm, and {sup 166}Gd

    SciTech Connect

    Ichikawa, S.; Asai, M.; Tsukada, K.; Nagame, Y.; Haba, H.; Shibata, M.; Sakama, M.; Kojima, Y.

    2005-06-01

    The new neutron-rich rare-earth isotopes {sup 159}Pm, {sup 162}Sm, and {sup 166}Gd produced in the proton-induced fission of {sup 238}U were identified using the JAERI on-line isotope separator (JAERI-ISOL) coupled to a gas-jet transport system. The half-lives of {sup 159}Pm, {sup 162}Sm, and {sup 166}Gd were determined to be 1.5 {+-} 0.2, 2.4 {+-} 0.5, and 4.8 {+-} 1.0 s respectively. The partial decay scheme of {sup 166}Gd was constructed from {gamma}{gamma}-coincidence data. A more accurate half-life value of 25.6 {+-} 2.2 s was obtained for the previously identified isotope {sup 166}Tb. The half-lives measured in the present study are in good agreement with the theoretical predictions calculated by the second generation of the gross theory with the atomic masses evaluated by Audi and Wapstra.

  8. Crystal field states of Tb3 + in the pyrochlore spin liquid Tb2Ti2O7 from neutron spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Princep, A. J.; Walker, H. C.; Adroja, D. T.; Prabhakaran, D.; Boothroyd, A. T.

    2015-06-01

    We report time-of-flight neutron scattering measurements of the magnetic spectrum of Tb3 + in Tb2Ti2O7 . The data, which extend up to 120 meV and have calibrated intensity, enable us to consolidate and extend previous studies of the single-ion crystal field spectrum. We successfully refine a model for the crystal field potential in Tb2Ti2O7 without relying on data from other rare-earth titanate pyrochlores, and we confirm that the ground state is a non-Kramers doublet with predominantly |±4 > components. We compare the model critically with earlier models.

  9. Faraday effect improvement by Dy3+-doping of terbium gallium garnet single crystal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Zhe; Yang, Lei; Hang, Yin; Wang, Xiangyong

    2016-01-01

    Highly transparent Dy3+-doped terbium gallium garnet (TGG) single crystal was grown by Czochralski (Cz) method. Phase composition of the crystal was tested by XRD measurements. The distribution coefficient of Dy3+ in the crystal was obtained. The optical and magneto-optical properties were analyzed in detail, and magnetic properties of the Dy3+-TGG crystal were studied. The paramagnetic behavior is observed down to 10 K. The as-grown crystal exhibited high optical transmittance, particularly in the visible region. The Faraday rotation was investigated over visible and near-infrared regions (VIS-NIR) at room temperature. The Verdet constants increase at measured wavelengths and high thermal stability was found in Dy3+-doped TGG, as compared to the properties of pure TGG, indicating that Dy3+-doped crystals are preferable for magneto-active materials used in Faraday devices at VIS-NIR wavelengths.

  10. Eu3+ and Dy3+ doped YPO4 nanoparticles: low temperature synthesis and luminescence studies.

    PubMed

    Srinivasu, Kancharlapalli; Ningthoujam, Raghumani Singh; Sudarsan, Vasanthakumaran; Vatsa, Rajesh Kumar; Tyagi, Avesh Kumar; Srinivasu, Pavuluri; Vinu, Ajayan

    2009-05-01

    Eu3+ and Dy3+ doped YPO4 nanoparticles dispersible in methanol/water were prepared by the reaction of Y3+ and Eu3+/Dy3+ ions with ammonium dihydrogen phosphate in ethylene glycol medium at 160 degrees C. Nature and extent of strain associated with lattice has been found to change with incorporation of Eu3+/Dy3+ ion in the nanoparticles as well as the heat treatment temperature. Based on the TEM studies, it has been established that particles are highly crystalline with an average particle size of around 5 nm. Co-doping YPO4:Eu nanoparticles with Dy3+ ions followed by annealing them at high temperature (900 degrees C) lead to reduction in both Eu3+ and Dy3+ luminescence intensities from the sample and this has been attributed to the clustering effect of the lanthanide ions. PMID:19452966

  11. Magnetic structure of Tb-Fe films with an artificially layered structure

    SciTech Connect

    Yamauchi, K.; Habu, K.; Sato, N.

    1988-11-15

    The magnetic structure of Tb-Fe films with an artificially layered structure has been investigated by measuring the temperature dependence of the magnetization of the films. Ferrimagnetic coupling between Tb and Fe through the interface was explicitly observed up to about 9-A Tb and 10-A Fe layers. Films with thinner Tb and Fe layers than these thicknesses are composed of only ferrimagnetically coupled Tb-Fe regions. Films with thicker layers of Tb and Fe are composed of ferrimagnetically coupled Tb-Fe, ferromagnetic Fe, ferromagnetic Tb, and/or magnetically compensated Tb regions. The Tb-Fe films exhibit various temperature dependencies of the magnetization corresponding to these magnetic structures.

  12. Crossover from diffusive to tunneling regime in NbN/DyN/NbN ferromagnetic semiconductor tunnel junctions

    E-print Network

    Muduli, P. K.; Pal, Avradeep; Blamire, Mark G.

    2014-03-19

    We have investigated NbN-DyN-NbN junctions with 1 to 10 nm thick DyN barriers. A crossover from diffusive (hopping) to tunneling-type transport was found in these junctions as the DyN thickness is reduced below ?4 nm. We have also made a detailed...

  13. Favored neutron excitations in superdeformed {sup 147}Gd

    SciTech Connect

    Theisen, C.; Khadiri, N.; Vivien, J.P.; Ragnarsson, I.; Beausang, C.W.; Beck, F.A.; Belier, G.; Byrski, T.; Curien, D.; de France, G.; Disdier, D.; Duchene, G.; Finck, C.; Flibotte, S.; Gall, B.; Haas, B.; Hanine, H.; Herskind, B.; Kharraja, B.; Merdinger, J.C.; Nourreddine, A.; Nyako, B.M.; Perez, G.E.; Prevost, D.; Stezowski, O.; Rauch, V.; Rigollet, C.; Savajols, H.; Sharpey-Schafer, J.; Twin, P.J.; Wei, L.; Zuber, K.

    1996-12-01

    Four new superdeformed (SD) bands have been observed in {sup 147}Gd using the EUROGAM II spectrometer. By comparison with {sup 146,148,149}Gd SD bands, we use the effective alignment to assign excited band configurations, with the support of the Nilsson-Strutinsky cranking formalism. The effect of the crossing of the [642]5/2 and [651]1/2 neutron orbitals lying just below the magic {ital N}=86 SD shell gap has been investigated for the {sup 146,147,148}Gd bands. Evidence for the [411]1/2 orbital is also given. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  14. Electron microscopy of a Gd-Ba-Cu-O superconductor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ramesh, R.; Thomas, G.; Meng, R. L.; Hor, P. H.; Chu, C. W.

    1989-01-01

    An electron microscopy study has been carried out to characterize the microstructure of a sintered Gd-Ba-Cu-O superconductor alloy. The GdBa2Cu3O(7-x) phase in the oxygen annealed sample is orthorhombic, while in the vacuum annealed sample it is tetragonal. It is shown that the details of the fine structure in the 001-line zone axis convergent beam patterns can be used to distinguish between the orthorhombic form and the tetragonal form. In addition to this matrix phase, an amorphous phase is frequently observed at the triple grain junctions. Gd-rich inclusions have been observed inside the matrix phase.

  15. 46 CFR 32.75-1 - Application-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...EQUIPMENT, MACHINERY, AND HULL REQUIREMENTS Hull Requirements for Wood Hull Tank Vessels Constructed Prior to November 10, 1936 § 32.75-1 Application—TB/ALL. All wood hull tank vessels, the construction or conversion of which was...

  16. Tb/Na tobermorite: Thermal behaviour and high temperature products

    SciTech Connect

    Garra, Walter; Marchetti, Fabio; Merlino, Stefano

    2009-06-15

    By heating a sample of Tb/Na tobermorite we obtained a phase which was identified through its X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern, as terbium silicate apatite. Subsequently this compound has been directly prepared by solid state reaction and we carried out a structural refinement from XRD data in space group P6{sub 3}/m obtaining cell parameters a=9.39199(4) A and c=6.84041(5) A. Terbium silicate apatite heated in melted NaF led to Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7} crystals. - Graphical Abstract: By heating over 900 deg. C Tb/Na tobermorite a terbium silicate apatite was obtained. The same product has been independently prepared and structurally characterized from powder diffraction data. Attempts of crystallizing terbium silicate apatite from melted NaF led to Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7} crystals.

  17. TUBERCULOSIS (TB) SCREENING (To be completed by student)

    E-print Network

    Chen, Deming

    TUBERCULOSIS (TB) SCREENING *750**750* (To be completed by student) Name UIN Country of origin e? ---------------------------------------------------- No Yes If yes, when Results: Negative OR Positive Do you know anyone who has or had tuberculosis

  18. Disparities in HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STDs, and TB

    MedlinePLUS

    ... this page: About CDC.gov . Disparities in HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STDs, and TB Health Disparities Social ... Islanders LGBT Populations/MSM MMWR Publications HIV and AIDS Viral Hepatitis STDs Tuberculosis Training and Networking Resources ...

  19. Structural characterization of Cr/Gd/Cr and Cr/Gd/Fe/Cr multilayer nanostructures by X-ray reflectometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Babanov, Yu. A.; Salamatov, Yu. A.; Ponomarev, D. A.; Naumova, L. I.; Proglyado, V. V.; Milyaev, M. A.; Ustinov, V. V.

    2015-11-01

    It is shown that the new approach to low-contrast systems upon the interpretation of X-ray reflectivity data can be applied to multilayer samples such as Cr/Gd/Fe/Cr/Si. The method is based on solving the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind, which connects the reflectivity with the concentration profiles of elements that enter into the sample composition. The inverse ill-posed problem of the determination of the concentration profile is solved using the regularization method. The efficiency of the method proposed is verified by model calculations fulfilled for a Cr/Gd/Fe/Cr/Si four-layer structure, where there are both high-contrast pairs of layers (Cr/Gd) and pairs with a low contrast (Fe/Cr). Experimental data for Cr/Gd/Cr and Cr/Gd/Fe/Cr multilayer nanoheterostructures have been obtained under laboratory conditions. The thicknesses of all layers of all the elements and of the Cr/Gd, Gd/Fe, and Fe/Cr interfaces have been determined.

  20. Temperature-dependent structure of Tb-doped magnetite nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rice, Katherine P.; Russek, Stephen E.; Geiss, Roy H.; Shaw, Justin M.; Usselman, Robert J.; Evarts, Eric R.; Silva, Thomas J.; Nembach, Hans T.; Arenholz, Elke; Idzerda, Yves U.

    2015-02-01

    High quality 5 nm cubic Tb-doped magnetite nanoparticles have been synthesized by a wet-chemical method to investigate tailoring of magnetic properties for imaging and biomedical applications. We show that the Tb is incorporated into the octahedral 3+ sites. High-angle annular dark-field microscopy shows that the dopant is well-distributed throughout the particle, and x-ray diffraction measurements show a small lattice parameter shift with the inclusion of a rare-earth dopant. Magnetization and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism data indicate that the Tb spins are unpolarized and weakly coupled to the iron spin lattice at room temperature, and begin to polarize and couple to the iron oxide lattice at temperatures below 50 K. Broadband ferromagnetic resonance measurements show no increase in magnetic damping at room temperature for Tb-doped nanoparticles relative to undoped nanoparticles, further confirming weak coupling between Fe and Tb spins at room temperature. The Gilbert damping constant, ?, is remarkably low for the Tb-doped nanoparticles, with ? = 0.024 ± 0.003. These nanoparticles, which have a large fixed moment, a large fluctuating moment and optically active rare-earth elements, are potential high-relaxivity T1 and T2 MRI agents with integrated optical signatures.

  1. Spectroscopic studies of magnetic transitions in TbPO4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, G. K.; Loong, C.-K.; Trouw, F.; Abraham, M. M.; Boatner, L. A.

    1994-05-01

    In TbPO4, an antiferromagnetic-phase transition is accompanied by a cooperative Jahn-Teller effect involving a Tb ion-lattice coupling that induces a tetragonal-to-monoclinic distortion of the crystal lattice and an associated readjustment of the Tb electronic states as required by the lowering of the rare-earth-site symmetry. The laser-excitation and emission spectra of TbPO4 and 0.1% Tb-doped YPO4 single crystals were studied at temperatures below and above the phase transitions. The line shapes of transitions in the stoichiometric compound are unusually broad and asymmetric while those observed for the dilute compound are relatively sharp. In addition, the TbPO4 spectra show an anomalous temperature dependence near the phase transition, indicating strong interactions of the rare-earth ions with their local environments. In the present work, a comparison of the optical results with the results of new neutron-scattering measurements is made.

  2. Temperature-dependent structure of Tb-doped magnetite nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect

    Rice, Katherine P.; Russek, Stephen E. Shaw, Justin M.; Usselman, Robert J.; Evarts, Eric R.; Silva, Thomas J.; Nembach, Hans T.; Geiss, Roy H.; Arenholz, Elke; Idzerda, Yves U.

    2015-02-09

    High quality 5?nm cubic Tb-doped magnetite nanoparticles have been synthesized by a wet-chemical method to investigate tailoring of magnetic properties for imaging and biomedical applications. We show that the Tb is incorporated into the octahedral 3+ sites. High-angle annular dark-field microscopy shows that the dopant is well-distributed throughout the particle, and x-ray diffraction measurements show a small lattice parameter shift with the inclusion of a rare-earth dopant. Magnetization and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism data indicate that the Tb spins are unpolarized and weakly coupled to the iron spin lattice at room temperature, and begin to polarize and couple to the iron oxide lattice at temperatures below 50?K. Broadband ferromagnetic resonance measurements show no increase in magnetic damping at room temperature for Tb-doped nanoparticles relative to undoped nanoparticles, further confirming weak coupling between Fe and Tb spins at room temperature. The Gilbert damping constant, ?, is remarkably low for the Tb-doped nanoparticles, with ??=?0.024?±?0.003. These nanoparticles, which have a large fixed moment, a large fluctuating moment and optically active rare-earth elements, are potential high-relaxivity T1 and T2 MRI agents with integrated optical signatures.

  3. Scissors mode of Gd nuclei studied from resonance neutron capture

    SciTech Connect

    Kroll, J.; Baramsai, B.; Becker, J. A.; and others

    2012-10-20

    Spectra of {gamma} rays following the neutron capture at isolated resonances of stable Gd nuclei were measured. The objectives were to get new information on photon strength of {sup 153,155-159}Gd with emphasis on the role of the M1 scissors-mode vibration. An analysis of the data obtained clearly indicates that the scissors mode is coupled not only to the ground state, but also to all excited levels of the nuclei studied. The specificity of our approach ensures unbiasedness in estimating the sumed scissors-mode strength {Sigma}B(M1){up_arrow}, even for odd product nuclei, for which conventional nuclear resonance fluorescence measurements yield only limited information. Our analysis indicates that for these nuclei the sum {Sigma}B(M1){up_arrow} increases with A and for {sup 157,159}Gd it is significantly higher compared to {sup 156,158}Gd.

  4. Magnetic transitions and thermomagnetic properties of GdCu 6

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chattopadhyay, M. K.; Arora, P.; Mondal, P.; Roy, S. B.

    2010-10-01

    We report results of dc magnetization and specific heat studies focusing on the paramagnetic to antiferromagnetic transition in GdCu 6. These results clearly reveal the evidences of multiple magnetic transitions in GdCu 6. In addition, a marked thermomagnetic irreversibility is observed in the temperature dependence of magnetization in low (<10 kOe) applied magnetic fields. Nature of the magnetic response changes with the increase in applied magnetic field in the temperature regime around the paramagnetic-antiferromagnetic transition temperature and also well inside the antiferromagnetic state. Experimentally measured specific heat in GdCu 6 is quite large in the temperature regime below 20 K, which indicates to the potential of GdCu 6 as a magnetic regenerator material for cryocooler related applications. Isothermal magnetic entropy change estimated from the results of magnetization and specific heat measurements shows a change in sign at the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature.

  5. Scissors mode of Gd nuclei measured, with the DANCE detector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kroll, J.; Be?vá?, F.; Krti?ka, M.; Valenta, S.; Baramsai, B.; Mitchell, G. E.; Walker, C. L.; Bredeweg, T. A.; Couture, A.; Haight, R. C.; Jandel, M.; O'Donnell, J. M.; Rundberg, R. S.; Ullmann, J. L.; Vieira, D. J.; Wilhelmy, J. B.; Wouters, J. M.; Becker, J. A.; Chyzh, A.; Dashdorj, D.; Parker, W.; Wu, C. Y.

    2013-05-01

    Spectra of ?-rays following the neutron capture at isolated resonances of stable Gd nuclei were measured with the DANCE detector. The objectives were to obtain new information on the photon strength of 153,155-159Gd with emphasis on the role of the M1 scissors-mode vibration. An analysis of the data obtained clearly indicates that the scissors mode is built not only on the ground state, but also on all excited levels of the nuclei studied. Our approach allows estimating the summed scissors-mode strength \\sum B(M1)\\!\\!\\uparrow even for odd product nuclei for which conventional nuclear resonance fluorescence measurements yield only limited information. Our data indicate that for 157,159Gd the strength \\sum B(M1)\\!\\!\\uparrow is significantly higher compared to 156,158Gd.

  6. Lunar Sample Compendium C Meyer 2012

    E-print Network

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    / chondrite La Pr Sm Gd Dy Er Yb Ce Nd Eu Tb Ho Tm Lu 64535 glass anorthosite melt Figure 5: Ar/Ar plateau anorthosite with impact melt. In some cases they also have a thick black glass coating. See also et al. (1992) provide analyses of the anorthosite while McKinley et al. (1984) give an analysis

  7. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 480 (2009) 608611 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-print Network

    Zheng, Yufeng

    2009-01-01

    Microstructure Phase transitions Thermodynamic properties a b s t r a c t The effect of rare earth element Ce that rare earth elements are often used as alloy- ing element to purify the grain boundary, refine the grains and improve the mechanical properties. Several rare earth elements (Ce, Gd, Dy, Tb and Sm) have

  8. Time-odd components in the rotating mean field and identical bands

    E-print Network

    J. Dobaczewski; J. Dudek

    1995-10-04

    A systematic construction of the energy-density functional within the local density approximation is presented. The Hartree-Fock equations corresponding to such a functional are solved in case of rotating superdeformed nuclei. The identical bands in $^{152}$Dy, $^{151}$Tb, and $^{150}$Gd are investigated and the time-odd components in the rotating mean field are analyzed.

  9. Synthesis of Shell-Stabilized Nuclides in Fusion-Evaporation Reactions Induced by 48Ca, 50Ti, or 54Cr Projectiles 

    E-print Network

    Mayorov, Dmitriy A

    2015-04-28

    Production cross sections of nuclides in the vicinity of the closed neutron shell at N = 126 were measured in heavy-ion fusion reactions with 154Gd, 159Tb, 162Dy, and 165Hotargets. Even-Z beams of 48Ca, 50Ti, and 54Cr were chosen for this systematic...

  10. Lightweight high performance ceramic material

    DOEpatents

    Nunn, Stephen D [Knoxville, TN

    2008-09-02

    A sintered ceramic composition includes at least 50 wt. % boron carbide and at least 0.01 wt. % of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu, the sintered ceramic composition being characterized by a density of at least 90% of theoretical density.

  11. Tuning of magnetic ordering by Y substitution onto Tb site in the nanocrystalline TbMnO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chakraborty, Keka R.; Shukla, Rakesh; Kaushik, S. D.; Mukadam, M. D.; Siruguri, V.; Tyagi, A. K.; Yusuf, S. M.

    2015-10-01

    We report the magnetic properties, of nano-crystalline powders Tb1-xYxMnO3 (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4), as perceived by neutron diffraction, and elucidate the effect of Tb site substitution on the magnetic structure of TbMnO3. All samples crystallized in the orthorhombic structure conforming to space group Pnma, and exhibited an incommensurate collinear antiferromagnetic ordering of the Mn ions below ˜40 K. Furthermore, at T ? 20 K, all these samples showed a change in magnetic structure (of Mn moments) to a spiral ordering down to 2 K, the lowest measured temperature. For the samples with x = 0, 0.1, and 0.2, a short-ranged two dimensional (2D) ordering of Tb moments was also observed at 2 K. However, for the other samples (x = 0.3 and 0.4), no magnetic ordering of Tb moments was found down to 2 K. So with Y substitution, a crossover from 2D ordering to a disordering of Tb moments was observed. The moments at the Mn site were found to be lower than the full Mn3+ (4?B) moment for all the samples below 40 K. The magnetic properties of all the samples studied by us in nano form are more pronounced than those of the reported single crystals of same compositions [V. Yu. Ivanov et al., JETP Lett. 91, 392-397 (2010)].

  12. Tracking and Treating Mobile Populations. The TB Net System. Migrant Clinicians Network Monograph Series. = El Sistema de Red para la TB.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Migrant Clinicians Network, Inc., Austin, TX.

    A comprehensive tracking and referral network that helps provide continuity of care for mobile populations with active tuberculosis (TB) or TB infection is considered essential for effective treatment of TB. However, the interstate referral system that exists between state health departments has been highly inefficient for serving migrant…

  13. Direct measurement of interlayer interaction in Permalloy/Gd nanodots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lapa, Pavel; Ding, Junjia; Novosad, Valentine; Hoffmann, Axel

    2015-03-01

    Antiferromagnetic interaction at the interfaces of ferromagnetic transition metals(TM) and Gd is well known phenomenon. However, quantitative description of this interaction still lacks understanding. The main reason is that most experimental data were obtained by inspecting the hysteresis loops of TM/Gd multilayers. First, in plane domain structures of TM and Gd films complicates the description of the magnetization reversal process. Second, experimentally measured parameters are averaged over the domains obfuscating the microscopical picture. We make an effort to overcome these limitations by studying the magnetization reversal process of Permalloy/Gd nanodots. The dots were prepared by combination of optical lithography and magnetron sputtering. Experimentally it is observed that in these dots the antiferromagnetic interlayer interaction tunes magnetic vortex nucleation/annihilation fields. Rise of Gd magnetization at low temperature provides unusual temperature behavior of hysteresis loop. Micromagnetic models in which interlayer interaction energy acts as a fitting parameter is applied to simulate experimental hysteresis curves. The effect of nonmagnetic spacer between Permalloy and Gd is also considered and will be presented. This work was supported by the Department of Energy Office of Science, Materials Science and Engineering Division.

  14. Green synthesis of Y2O3:Dy(3+) nanophosphor with enhanced photocatalytic activity.

    PubMed

    Prasanna Kumar, J B; Ramgopal, G; Vidya, Y S; Anantharaju, K S; Daruka Prasad, B; Sharma, S C; Prashantha, S C; Nagaswarupa, H P; Kavyashree, D; Nagabhushana, H

    2015-10-01

    Facile and green route was employed for the synthesis of Y2O3:Dy(3+) (1-11 mol%) nanostructures (NSs) using Aloe vera gel as fuel. The formation of different morphologies of Y2O3:Dy(3+) NSs were characterized by SEM, TEM and HRTEM. PXRD data and Rietveld analysis evident the formation of single phase Y2O3 with cubic crystal structure. The influence of Dy(3+) ion concentration on the structure morphology, UV absorption, PL emission and photocatalytic activity of NSs were investigated. NSs exhibited an intense warm white emission with CIE chromaticity coordinates (0.32, 0.33) and average CCT value ?5525 K which corresponds to vertical day light. The control of Dy(3+) ion on Y2O3 matrix influences the photocatalytic decolorization of Metanil Yellow as a model compound was evaluated. The enhanced photocatalytic activities of core shell structured Y2O3:Dy(3+) (1 mol%) was attributed to co-operation effect of dopant concentration, crystallite size, textural properties and capability for reducing electron-hole pair recombination. Further, the recycling catalytic ability of Y2O3:Dy(3+) (1 mol%) nanostructure was also evaluated and found promising photocatalytic performance with negligible decrease in decolorization efficiency even after sixth successive cyclic runs. Considering its green, facile synthesis and recyclable feature from an aqueous solution, the present Y2O3:Dy(3+) (1 mol%) nanophosphor can be considered as one of the ideal photocatalyst for various potential applications. PMID:25985135

  15. A Dy2 single-molecule magnet with benzoate anions and phenol-O(-) bridging groups.

    PubMed

    Ke, Hongshan; Zhang, Sheng; Li, Xin; Wei, Qing; Xie, Gang; Wang, Wenyuan; Chen, Sanping

    2015-12-28

    A Dy2 single-molecule magnet, namely [Dy2(H3L)2(PhCOO)4]·4H2O (1), was obtained from the reaction of Dy(PhCOO)3 with 1,5-bis(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene)carbonohydrazide (H4L). Each Dy(III) ion is located in the chelating pocket [DyO8N] formed by the carboxyl-O, phenol-O, carbohydrazide-O and carbohydrazide-N, forming a tricapped trigonal prism configuration. The Dy(III) centers are bridged by the benzoate anions with ?2:?(1),?(2) coordination mode and the phenol-O(-) groups in the form of ?1:?(2), respectively. The appearance of frequency-dependent out-of-phase (?''M) signals indicates that 1 displays single-molecule magnet (SMM) behaviour. Fits of the ac data gave an energy barrier (Ueff) of 42.7 K with a pre-exponential factor (?0) of 1.31 × 10(-7) s. The structure-property relationship of some selected Dy2 paradigmatic compounds was further discussed. PMID:26585920

  16. Thermoluminescence dosimetry features of DY and Cu doped SrF2 nanoparticles under gamma irradiation.

    PubMed

    Zahedifar, M; Sadeghi, E; Kashefi Biroon, M; Harooni, S; Almasifard, F

    2015-11-01

    Dy and Cu-doped SrF2 nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by using co-precipitation method and their possible application to solid state dosimetry were studied and compared to that of pure SrF2 NPs. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) were used for sample characterization. The highest thermoluminescence (TL) response of SrF2:Dy and SrF2:Cu NPs were found respectively at 0.5 and 0.7mol% of Dy and Cu impurities. Seven overlapping glow peaks at 384, 406, 421, 449, 569, 495, 508K and three component glow peaks at 381, 421 and 467K were identified respectively for SrF2:Dy and SrF2:Cu NPs employing Tm-Tstop and computerized glow curve deconvolution (CGCD) methods. The TL sensitivity of SrF2:Dy is approximately the same as that of LiF:Mg,Ti (TLD-100) cheeps. Linear dose response were observed for the SrF2:Dy and SrF2:Cu NPs up to the absorbed doses of 1kGy and 10kGy correspondingly. Regarding other dosimetry characteristics of the produced NPs such as fading, reproducibility and thermal treatment, Dy and Cu doped SrF2 NPs recommend for high dose TL dosimetry applications. PMID:26319090

  17. Temperature and magnetic field induced multiple magnetic transitions in DyAg2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arora, Parul; Chattopadhyay, M. K.; Sharath Chandra, L. S.; Sharma, V. K.; Roy, S. B.

    2011-02-01

    The magnetic properties of the rare-earth intermetallic compound DyAg2 are studied in detail with the help of magnetization and heat capacity measurements. It is shown that the multiple magnetic phase transitions can be induced in DyAg2 both by temperature and magnetic field. The detailed magnetic phase diagram of DyAg2 is determined experimentally. It was already known that DyAg2 undergoes an incommensurate to commensurate antiferromagnetic phase transition close to 10 K. The present experimental results highlight the first order nature of this phase transition, and show that this transition can be induced by magnetic field as well. It is further shown that another isothermal magnetic field induced transition or metamagnetic transition exhibited by DyAg2 at still lower temperatures is also of first order nature. The multiple magnetic phase transitions in DyAg2 give rise to large peaks in the temperature dependence of the heat capacity below 17 K, which indicates its potential as a magnetic regenerator material for cryocooler related applications. In addition it is found that because of the presence of the temperature and field induced magnetic phase transitions, and because of short range magnetic correlations deep inside the paramagnetic regime, DyAg2 exhibits a fairly large magnetocaloric effect over a wide temperature window, e.g., between 10 and 60 K.

  18. Coercivity enhancement of Dy-coated Nd-Fe-B flakes by crystallization

    SciTech Connect

    Fukunaga, H.; Sugimoto, Y.; Nakano, M.; Yanai, T.; Ohta, S.; Itakura, M.; Nishida, M.

    2011-04-01

    The coercivity of isotropic Dy-coated Nd-Fe-B flakes was enhanced by crystallization and simultaneous diffusion of Dy from their surfaces. Amorphous Dy-coated Nd-Fe-B flakes were crystallized by heating them to 923 K 2over a 2 min period followed by rapid cooling. During crystallization, the Dy on the surface diffused into the flakes. This low-temperature rapid annealing produced flakes with fine grains and the Dy diffusion enhanced their coercivity. The coercivity after crystallization increased with increasing Dy layer thickness, although the remanence decreased when the layer thickness exceeded 3 {mu}m. Thick coatings of over 6 {mu}m resulted in the formation of DyFe{sub 2}, which degraded the magnetic properties of the crystallized flakes. Flakes with a 3-{mu}m-thick coating exhibited excellent magnetic properties after annealing: They had a coercivity of 1880 kA/m and a remanence of 78 emu/g. This coercivity is approximately 500 kA/m higher than that of uncoated flakes, whereas the remanence is comparable to that of uncoated flakes.

  19. Study of Dy-doped Bi2Te3: thin film growth and magnetic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harrison, S. E.; Collins-McIntyre, L. J.; Zhang, S.-L.; Baker, A. A.; Figueroa, A. I.; Kellock, A. J.; Pushp, A.; Parkin, S. S. P.; Harris, J. S.; van der Laan, G.; Hesjedal, T.

    2015-06-01

    Breaking the time-reversal symmetry (TRS) in topological insulators (TIs) through ferromagnetic doping is an essential prerequisite for unlocking novel physical phenomena and exploring potential device applications. Here, we report the successful growth of high-quality (DyxBi1-x)2Te3 thin films with Dy concentrations up to x = 0.355 by molecular beam epitaxy. Bulk-sensitive magnetisation studies using superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry find paramagnetic behaviour down to 2 K for the entire doping series. The effective magnetic moment, ?eff, is strongly doping concentration-dependent and reduces from ˜12.6 ?B Dy-1 for x = 0.023 to ˜4.3 ?B Dy-1 for x = 0.355. X-ray absorption spectra and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) at the Dy M4,5 edge are employed to provide a deeper insight into the magnetic nature of the Dy3+-doped films. XMCD, measured in surface-sensitive total-electron-yield detection, gives ?eff = 4.2 ?B Dy-1. The large measured moments make Dy-doped films interesting TI systems in which the TRS may be broken via the proximity effect due to an adjacent ferromagnetic insulator.

  20. Luminescence and thermal-quenching properties of Dy³?-doped Ba?CaWO? phosphors.

    PubMed

    Yu, Ruijin; Shin, Dong Soo; Jang, Kiwan; Guo, Yue; Noh, Hyeon Mi; Moon, Byung Kee; Choi, Byung Chun; Jeong, Jung Hyun; Yi, Soung Soo

    2014-05-01

    A series of new double perovskite tungstate Ba2CaWO6:xDy(3+) (0.01?x?0.15) phosphors were synthesized via solid state reaction process. XRD analysis confirmed the phase formation of Ba2CaWO6:Dy(3+) materials. The photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra, concentration effect, thermal-quenching, and decay property were investigated. The phosphor could be excited by the UV light region from 250 to 400 nm, and it exhibits blue (493 nm) and yellow (584 nm) emission corresponding to (4)F(9/2)-(6)H(15/2) transitions and (4)F9/2-(6)H13/2 transitions, respectively. The optimum dopant concentration of Dy(3+) ions in Ba2CaWO6:xDy(3+) is around 5 mol% and the critical transfer distance of Dy(3+) is calculated as 14 Å. The thermal-quenching temperature is 436 K for Ba2CaWO6:0.05Dy(3+). The fluorescence lifetime is also determined in Ba2CaWO6:0.05Dy(3+). PMID:24618202

  1. Development of YAG:Dy Thermographic Phosphor Coatings for Turbine Engine Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Eldridge, J. I.; Jenkins, T. P.; Allison, S. W.; Wolfe, D. E.; Jordan, E. H.

    2012-01-01

    The selection and development of thermographic phosphor coatings were pursued to meet the objective of demonstrating luminescence-decay-based temperature measurements up to 1300C on the surface of a vane in an operating demonstrator turbine engine. To meet this objective, YAG:Dy was selected based on the desirable luminescence performance observed for YAG:Dy powder: (1) excellent temperature sensitivity and intensity at operating turbine engine temperatures, (2) an emission peak at the relatively short wavelength of 456 nm, where the interference from background blackbody radiation is fairly low, and (3) its nearly single exponential decay which makes for a simple, reliable temperature calibration. However, implementation of YAG:Dy for surface temperature measurements required application of YAG:Dy as a coating onto the surface of a superalloy component with a preexisting yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) thermal barrier coating (TBC). An inherent dilemma in producing a YAG:Dy coating is that coating processing is constrained to be performed at temperatures below (less than 1200C) what is considered safe for the superalloy component, much lower than temperatures used to produce the high quality crystalline powder. Therefore, YAG:Dy coatings tend to exhibit lower luminescence performance compared to well prepared YAG:Dy powder, and the luminescence performance of the coating will depend on the method of coating deposition. In this presentation, the luminescence performance of YAG:Dy coatings prepared by the different methods of (1) application of a binder-based YAG:Dy-containing paint, (2) solution precursor plasma spray (SPPS), and (3) electron-beam physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD) and the effect of post-deposition heat treatments will be discussed.

  2. [Study of spectra characteristics of Dy3+ -activated LiSrBO3 phosphor].

    PubMed

    Wang, Zhi-jun; Li, Pan-lai; Pang, Li-bin; Yang, Zhi-ping; Guo, Qing-lin; Fu, Guang-sheng; Li, Xu

    2010-01-01

    The LiSrBO3:Dy3+ phosphor was synthesized by solid-state method. SrCO2 (99.9%), Li2CO3 (99.9%), H3BO3 (99.9%) and Dy2O3 (99.9%) were used as starting materials. After these individual materials were blended and grounded thoroughly in an agate mortar, the homogeneous mixture was heated at 700 degrees C for 2 h in air, and LiSrBO3:Dy3+ phosphors were obtained. The phase present of the samples was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) (D/max-rA, Cu Kalpha, 40 kV, 40 mA, lamda = 0.15406 nm). The excitation and emission spectra of these phosphors were measured by a RF-540 photoluminescence spectrophotometer. The emission spectrum of LiSrBO3:Dy3+ phosphor shows several bands at 486, 578 and 668 nm, respectively. The excitation spectrum for 578 nm emission has several excitation bands at 331, 368, 397, 433, 462 and 478 nm, respectively. The effect of Dy3+ concentration on the emission intensity of LiSrBO3:Dy3+ was investigated, and the result shows that the emission intensity of LiSrBO3:Dy3+ phosphor firstly increases with increasing Dy2+ concentration, then decreases, viz. the concentration quenching exists. And the Dy3+ concentration corresponding to the maximal emission intensity is 3 mol%, and the concentration quenching mechanisms are the d-d interaction by Dexter theory. PMID:20302071

  3. Synthesis of novel lanthanide acylpyrazolonato ligands with long aliphatic chains and immobilization of the Tb complex on the surface of silica pre-modified via hydrophobic interactions.

    PubMed

    Pettinari, C; Marchetti, F; Pettinari, R; Belousov, Y A; Taydakov, I V; Krasnobrov, V D; Petukhov, D I; Drozdov, A A

    2015-09-01

    Five new complexes Ln(Q(C17))3(H2O)(Solv) (Ln = Y, Solv = H2O, Ln = Tb, Dy, Sm or Eu, Solv = EtOH) were synthesized with the acylpyrazolonato ligand Q(C17) bearing a long aliphatic C17H35 chain in the acyl moiety, and the crystal structure of Y(Q(C17))3(H2O)2 shows the three aliphatic chains from the coordinated ligands positioned in the same direction, affording plane layers built by Y(Q(C17))3(H2O)2 molecules connected through H-bonding interactions. The layers are stitched to each other like in "hook & loop" tapes. Luminescence of complexes was determined and the complex Tb(Q(C17))3(H2O)(EtOH) was immobilized on the surface of silica preprocessed using a C17H35CONH(CH2)3Si(OEt)3 reagent via hydrophobic interactions of long aliphatic chains. Luminescent properties and micromorphology of the obtained hybrid particles and hybrid films were investigated. Intensive green emission of the complex retains after grafting onto the silica surface. Inclusion of the complex on the surface of silica materials occurs as separate molecules, after the disruption of the H-bonding network present in the crystalline phase of the pure terbium sample. PMID:26225470

  4. The negative parity bands in 156Gd

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jentschel, M.; Sengele, L.; Curien, D.; Dudek, J.; Haas, F.

    2014-05-01

    The high flux reactor of the Institut Laue-Langevin is the world most intense neutron source for research. Using the ultra high-resolution crystal spectrometers GAMS installed at the in-pile target position H6/H7 it is possible to measure nuclear state lifetimes using the gamma ray induced Doppler broadening (GRID) technique. In bent crystal mode, the spectrometers allow one to perform spectroscopy with a dynamic range of up to six orders of magnitude. At a very well collimated external neutron beam it is possible to install a highly efficient germanium detector array to obtain coincidences and angular correlations. These techniques were used to study the first two negative parity bands in ^{156}\\text{Gd}. These bands are of interest as they seem to show signatures of a tetrahedral symmetry. A surprisingly high B(E2) value of about 1000 W.u. for the {{4}^{-}}\\to {{2}^{-}} transition was discovered. It indicates that the two first negative parity bands cannot be considered to be signature partners.

  5. Magnetization and magnetic susceptibility of DyH3

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flood, D. J.

    1975-01-01

    The magnetization and differential magnetic susceptibility of powdered DyH3 samples are measured at a temperature of 4.2 K in applied magnetic fields ranging up to 9 Teslas. The differential magnetic susceptibility is also investigated in the zero applied field. Magnetization is plotted as a function of field strength, and differential susceptibility is described as a function of both field strength and temperature. A saturation magnetic moment of 5.12 Bohr magnetons per ion is derived from the magnetization data, and the zero-field susceptibility measurements are found to indicate antiferromagnetic ordering below 3.45 K. The susceptibility at 4.2 K is shown to have an inverse-square dependence on field strength for values of not less than 0.3 Tesla.

  6. Magnetization and magnetic susceptibility of DyH3

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flood, D. J.

    1974-01-01

    The magnetization and differential magnetic susceptibility of powdered samples of DyH3 have been measured at 4.2 K in applied magnetic fields ranging to 9 Teslas. The differential magnetic susceptibility has also been studied in zero applied field as a function of temperature. The magnetization data are described by an equation of the form M = aB/(1 + bB + cB. The ratio a/b is a measure of the saturation magnetization and gives an effective moment of 5.12 Bohr magnetons per ion. The zero field susceptibility exhibits a maximum at T = 3.45 K, and an inflection point near 2.85 K. The susceptibility at 4.2 K has a 1/B squared dependence on the applied magnetic field for B approximately greater than 0.3 Teslas.

  7. Integrated Source Case Investigation for Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV in the Caregivers and Household Contacts of Hospitalised Young Children Diagnosed with TB in South Africa: An Observational Study

    PubMed Central

    Lala, Sanjay G.; Little, Kristen M.; Tshabangu, Nkeko; Moore, David P.; Msandiwa, Reginah; van der Watt, Martin; Chaisson, Richard E.; Martinson, Neil A.

    2015-01-01

    Background Contact tracing, to identify source cases with untreated tuberculosis (TB), is rarely performed in high disease burden settings when the index case is a young child with TB. As TB is strongly associated with HIV infection in these settings, we used source case investigation to determine the prevalence of undiagnosed TB and HIV in the caregivers and household contacts of hospitalised young children diagnosed with TB in South Africa. Methods Caregivers and household contacts of 576 young children (age ?7 years) with TB diagnosed between May 2010 and August 2012 were screened for TB and HIV. The primary outcome was the detection of laboratory-confirmed, newly-diagnosed TB disease and/or HIV-infection in close contacts. Results Of 576 caregivers, 301 (52·3%) self-reported HIV-positivity. Newly-diagnosed HIV infection was detected in 63 (22·9%) of the remaining 275 caregivers who self-reported an unknown or negative HIV status. Screening identified 133 (23·1%) caregivers eligible for immediate anti-retroviral therapy (ART). Newly-diagnosed TB disease was detected in 23 (4·0%) caregivers. In non-caregiver household contacts (n = 1341), the prevalence of newly-diagnosed HIV infection and TB disease was 10·0% and 3·2% respectively. On average, screening contacts of every nine children with TB resulted in the identification of one case of newly-diagnosed TB disease, three cases of newly diagnosed HIV-infection, and three HIV-infected persons eligible for ART. Conclusion In high burden countries, source case investigation yields high rates of previously undiagnosed HIV and TB infection in the close contacts of hospitalised young children diagnosed with TB. Furthermore, integrated screening identifies many individuals who are eligible for immediate ART. Similar studies, with costing analyses, should be undertaken in other high burden settings–integrated source case investigation for TB and HIV should be routinely undertaken if our findings are confirmed. PMID:26378909

  8. Helium-induced one-neutron transfer to levels in 162Dy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andersen, E.; Helstrup, H.; Løvhøiden, G.; Thorsteinsen, T. F.; Guttormsen, M.; Messelt, S.; Tveter, T. S.; Hofstee, M. A.; Schippers, J. M.; van der Werf, S. Y.

    1992-12-01

    Levels in 162Dy have been studied in the 161Dy(?, 3He) and 163Dy( 3He, ?) reactions with 50 MeV ?- and 3He-beams from the KVI cyclotron in Groningen. The reaction products were analyzed in the QMG/2 magnetic spectrograph and registered in a two-dimensional detector system. The observed levels and cross sections are well described by the Nilsson model with the exception of the three levels at 1578, 1759 and 1990 keV. The present data combined with previous results strongly indicate that these levels are the spin-4, -6, and -8 members of the S-band.

  9. Activation cross-sections of longer lived radioisotopes of deuteron induced nuclear reactions on terbium up to 50 MeV

    E-print Network

    Tárkányi, F; Ditrói, F; Hermanne, A; Ignatyuk, A V

    2013-01-01

    Experimental cross-sections are presented for the first time for the 159Tb(d,xn)155,157,159Dy, 155,156,160Tb and 153Gd nuclear reactions up to 50 MeV. The experimental data are compared with theoretical predictions of the ALICE, EMPIRE and TALYS nuclear reaction codes. Integral thick-target yields are also derived for the reaction products that have practical applications.

  10. Activation cross-sections of longer lived radioisotopes of deuteron induced nuclear reactions on terbium up to 50 MeV

    E-print Network

    F. Tárkányi; S. Takács; F. Ditrói; A. Hermanne; A. V. Ignatyuk

    2013-03-26

    Experimental cross-sections are presented for the first time for the 159Tb(d,xn)155,157,159Dy, 155,156,160Tb and 153Gd nuclear reactions up to 50 MeV. The experimental data are compared with theoretical predictions of the ALICE, EMPIRE and TALYS nuclear reaction codes. Integral thick-target yields are also derived for the reaction products that have practical applications.

  11. Electronic Transport, Structure, and Energetics of Endohedral Gd@C82Metallofullerenes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Senapati, L.; Schrier, J.; Whaley, K. B.

    2004-11-01

    Electronic structure and transport properties of the fullerene C$_{82}$ and the metallofullerene Gd@C$_{82}$ are investigated with density functional theory and the Landauer-Buttiker formalism. The ground state structure of Gd@C$_{82}$ is found to have the Gd atom below the C-C bond on the C$_2$ molecular axis of C$_{82}$. Insertion of Gd into C$_{82}$ deforms the carbon chain in the vicinity of the Gd atoms. Significant overlap of the electron distribution is found between Gd and the C$_{82}$ cage, with the transferred Gd electron density localized mainly on the nearest carbon atoms. This charge localization reduces some of the conducting channels for the transport, causing a reduction in the conductivity of the Gd@C$_{82}$ species relative to the empty C$_{82}$ molecule. The electron transport across the metallofullerene is found to be insensitive to the spin state of the Gd atom.

  12. TB-IRIS and remodelling of the T cell compartment in highly immunosuppressed HIV+ patients with TB: the CAPRI T (ANRS-12614) study

    PubMed Central

    Haridas, V.; Pean, P.; Jasenosky, L.D.; Madec, Y.; Laureillard, D.; Sok, T.; Sath, S.; Borand, L.; Marcy, O.; Chan, S.; Tsitsikov, E.; Delfraissy, J.-F.; Blanc, F.-X.; Goldfeld, A.E.

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the impact of tuberculosis (TB)-associated immune reconstitution syndrome (IRIS) upon immunological recovery and the T cell compartment after initiation of TB and antiretroviral therapy (ART). Design and methods We prospectively evaluated T cell immunophenotypes by flow cytometry and cytokines by Luminex assays in a subset (n=154) of highly immunosuppressed HIV+ patients with TB from the CAMELIA randomized clinical trial. We compared findings from patients who developed TB-IRIS to findings from patients who did not develop TB-IRIS. Data were evaluated with mixed effect linear regression, Kaplan-Meier estimates, and Wilcoxon rank sum tests, and q-values were calculated to control for multiple comparisons. Results Development of TB-IRIS was associated with significantly greater pre-ART frequencies of HLA-DR+CD45RO+CD4+, CCR5+CD4+, OX40+CD4+, and Fas+ effector memory (EM) CD8+ T cells, and significantly elevated levels of plasma IL-6, IL-1?, IL-8, and IL-10 and viral load. Post-ART initiation, EM CD4+ and Fas+ EM CD4+ T cell frequencies significantly expanded, and central memory (CM) CD4+ T cell frequencies significantly contracted in patients who experienced TB-IRIS. By week 34 post-TB treatment initiation, EM/CM CD4+ T cell ratios were markedly higher in TB-IRIS versus non-TB-IRIS patients. Conclusions A distinct pattern of pre-ART T cell and cytokine markers appear to poise the immune response to develop TB-IRIS. Experience of TB-IRIS is then associated with long-term remodeling of the CD4+ T cell memory compartment towards an EM-dominated phenotype. We speculate that these pre- and post-ART TB-IRIS-associated immune parameters may contribute to superior immune control of TB/HIV co-infection and better clinical outcome. PMID:25486415

  13. Discovery of a nonyrast K{sup {pi}}=8{sup +} isomer in {sup 162}Dy, and the influence of competing K-mixing mechanisms on its highly forbidden decay

    SciTech Connect

    Swan, T. P. D.; Walker, P. M.; Podolyak, Zs.; Reed, M. W.; Dracoulis, G. D.; Lane, G. J.; Kibed, T.; Smith, M. L.

    2011-03-15

    The {sup 160}Gd({sup 9}Be,{alpha}3n){sup 162}Dy reaction has been used to study high-spin states in {sup 162}Dy. Pulsed beam conditions were utilized for enhanced isomer sensitivity. An isomer at 2188.1(3) keV with a half-life of 8.3(3) {mu}s has been discovered and assigned K{sup {pi}}= 8{sup +} with a two-quasineutron configuration. Among 11 {gamma}-ray decay branches, an E2, {Delta}K=8 transition to the ground-state band was observed with a reduced hindrance of f{sub {nu}}=35, agreeing well with systematics correlating f{sub {nu}} with the product of the valence neutron and proton numbers (N{sub p}N{sub n}) over an extended N,Z range. Small deviations from N{sub p}N{sub n} dependence are analyzed for a range of two-quasiparticle isomer decays and interpreted as arising from a weak dependence on the isomer excitation energy relative to the yrast line.

  14. Magnetic properties and crystallization behavior of Al-Co-Ce(Dy) amorphous ribbons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sidorov, V.; Svec, P.; Janickovic, D.; Mikhailov, V.; Son, L.

    2015-12-01

    Magnetic and electric properties as well as the structure (by X-rays) and DSC of Al91Co2Ce7 and Al89Co5Dy6 alloys in amorphous and crystalline states are studied. For both ribbons crystallization goes into two stages. In case of Al91Co2Ce7 composition it starts with the formation of Al nanoparticles; after that Al11Ce3 and Al9Co2 compounds appear. For Al89Co5Dy6 ribbon the situation is vice versa - the crystallization of Al3Dy compound takes place at the first stage whereas crystallization of aluminum matrix arises at the second stage only. The effective magnetic moments per Ce (Dy) atoms were found to be smaller than for R3+ ions suggesting that rare-earth atoms create directed bonds with aluminum atoms.

  15. Magnetization reversal mechanism of a sintered Nd-Fe-B magnet with Dy segregation

    SciTech Connect

    Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Satsu, Yuichi; Komuro, Matahiro; Kohashi, Teruo; Motai, Kumi

    2011-04-01

    The magnetization reversal mechanism of a sintered Nd-Fe-B magnet with Dy segregation near grain boundaries (GB) was studied using spin polarized scanning electron spectroscopy and magnetization measurements. More fine magnetic domains near GB were found in the magnet with Dy segregation than in the magnet without treatment. Magnetic modifications near the GB had no effect on the magnetization development. The domain wall motion of a quasihard magnetic component in the magnet with Dy segregation was suppressed in comparison with those in the magnet without treatment; this could also be confirmed in the different behaviors of asymmetry components toward a magnetic field direction between both magnets. From analyzing the probability of rotating magnetization near the GB, the magnetization reversal of the magnet with Dy segregation was more difficult to produce than those of the magnet without treatment.

  16. A single molecule magnet to single molecule magnet transformation via a solvothermal process: Fe4Dy2 ? Fe6Dy3.

    PubMed

    Chen, Sihuai; Mereacre, Valeriu; Anson, Christopher E; Powell, Annie K

    2015-12-14

    Two series of heterometallic Fe(III)-Ln(III) compounds, [FeLn(?3-OH)2(mdea)4(m-NO2C6H4COO)8]·3MeCN where Ln = Y () and Dy () and [FeLn(?4-O)3(?3-O)(mdea)5(m-NO2C6H4COO)9]·3MeCN where Ln = Y () and Dy (), were synthesized. Compounds and were obtained under ambient conditions, whereas and were obtained via a solvothermal transformation process by heating or at 120 °C in MeCN. The magnetic properties of all four compounds have been measured and show that compounds and containing Dy(III) ions exhibit slow relaxation of magnetization characteristic of Single Molecule Magnetic (SMM) behaviour. PMID:26599423

  17. Effects of Tb3+ concentration on the La2Sr3(BO3)4: X% Tb3+ polycrystalline nanophosphor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mlotswa, D. V.; Madihlaba, R. M.; Koao, L. F.; Onani, M. O.; Dejene, F. B.

    2016-01-01

    A new green phosphor, La2Sr3(BO3)4): x% Tb3+ was fabricated by solution-combustion method using urea as a fuel and ammonium nitrate as an oxidizer. The phosphor was characterised using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Energy dispersive spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL. The results exhibit that La2Sr3(BO3)4): x% Tb3+ phosphor has the strongest excitation at 209 nm with a full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) of 20 nm, and can emit bright green light at 545 nm under 209 nm excitation. The optimum concentration for Tb3+ in La2Sr3(BO3)4): x% Tb3+ is 0.033 mol%. The prominent green luminescence was due to the 5D4-7F5 transition of Tb3+ ion. Herein, the green phosphors are promising good candidates employed in tri-color lamps.

  18. Crystal structure and magnetic properties of novel Hf{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Si{sub 3}-type R{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} compounds (R=Y, Sm, Tb-Tm)

    SciTech Connect

    Morozkin, A.V.; Nirmala, R.; Yao, Jinlei; Mozharivskyj, Y.; Isnard, O.

    2012-12-15

    The novel R{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} compounds with R=Y, Sm, Tb-Tm adopt the Hf{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Si{sub 3}-type structure (ordered variant of the Ca{sub 3}Ga{sub 5}-type one, space group Cmcm). Sm{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}, Tb{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}, Ho{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} and Er{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} undergo an antiferromagnetic-type ordering and Tb{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} demonstrates a field-sensitive magnetic behavior. Tm{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} is a pure paramagnet down to 5 K, whereas Y{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} demonstrates Pauli paramagnetism down to {approx}120 K. In zero applied field and between {approx}50 and {approx}15 K Tb{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} shows a non-collinear antiferromagnetic ordering with wave vectors K{sub 0}=[0, 0, 0] and K{sub 1}=[{+-}1/3, 0, 0] and a magnetic unit cell 3a{sub Tb{sub 3Co{sub 2Ge{sub 2}}}} Multiplication-Sign b{sub Tb{sub 3Co{sub 2Ge{sub 3}}}} Multiplication-Sign c{sub Tb{sub 3Co{sub 2Ge{sub 3}}}} , whereas below {approx}15 K it exhibits a complex antiferromagnetic ordering with K{sub 0}=[0, 0, 0], K{sub 1}=[{+-}1/3, 0, 0] and K{sub 2}=[1/2, 0, 0] wave vectors and magnetic unit cell 6a{sub Tb{sub 3Co{sub 2Ge{sub 2}}}} Multiplication-Sign b{sub Tb{sub 3Co{sub 2Ge{sub 2}}}} Multiplication-Sign c{sub Tb{sub 3Co{sub 2Ge{sub 2}}}}. - Graphical abstract: The Hf{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Si{sub 3}-type {l_brace}Y, Sm, Gd-Tm{r_brace}{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} (space group Cmcm) demonstrate complex field sensitive antiferromagnetic ordering. The rare earth sublattice of 4d site plays crucial role in the magnetisation of R{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} compounds. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The {l_brace}Y, Sm, Gd-Tm{r_brace}{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} adopts the Hf{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Si{sub 3}-type structure (space group Cmcm). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer They demonstrate complex field sensitive antiferromagnetic ordering. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The 4d site rare earth sublattice plays crucial role in the magnetism of R{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}.

  19. Magnetic and micro-Raman studies of hexagonal-DyMnO3.

    PubMed

    Mansouri, S; Jandl, S; Laverdière, J; Fournier, P; Mukhin, A A; Ivanov, V Yu; Balbashov, A M

    2013-02-13

    Dc-susceptibility measurements and Raman active phonon frequencies of hexagonal DyMnO(3) retrace the Mn(3+) ions antiferromagnetic transition at T(N) ~ 70 K and their spin reorientation at T(SR) ~ 48 K. The temperature evolution of Raman active mode frequencies and their over-hardening are associated with Dy(3+) and Mn(3+) ion displacements below T(N) and with a spin-phonon coupling that involves apical oxygen. PMID:23306085

  20. A critical scattering study of the helical antiferromagnets Ho and Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Gaulin, B.D.; Hagen, M.; Child, H.R.

    1988-01-01

    We have measured the frequency integrated magnetic critical scattering of neutrons from paramagnetic Dy and Ho. Analysis of these data show the paramagnetic to helical antiferromagnetic phase transitions are characterized by the critical exponents ..nu.. = 0.57 +- 0.05 and ..gamma.. = 1.05 = +- .07 for Dy and ..nu.. = 0.57 +- .04 and ..gamma.. = 1.14 = +- .10 for Ho. 3 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  1. Physical properties of Fe{sub 1-x}Dy{sub x}Si crystals

    SciTech Connect

    Patrin, G. S. Beletskii, V. V.; Volkov, N. V.; Velikanov, D. A.; Zakieva, O. V.

    2007-07-15

    The results of experimental investigation of magnetic and electric properties of Fe{sub 1-x}Dy{sub x}Si crystals are reported. It is shown that the magnitude and position of the anomaly observed in the temperature dependences of magnetization are controlled to a considerable extent by the external magnetic field. It is found that the introduction of Dy ions leads to a weak magnetoresistive effect.

  2. Gd-HOPO Based High Relaxivity MRI Contrast Agents

    SciTech Connect

    Datta, Ankona; Raymond, Kenneth

    2008-11-06

    Tris-bidentate HOPO-based ligands developed in our laboratory were designed to complement the coordination preferences of Gd{sup 3+}, especially its oxophilicity. The HOPO ligands provide a hexadentate coordination environment for Gd{sup 3+} in which all he donor atoms are oxygen. Because Gd{sup 3+} favors eight or nine coordination, this design provides two to three open sites for inner-sphere water molecules. These water molecules rapidly exchange with bulk solution, hence affecting the relaxation rates of bulk water olecules. The parameters affecting the efficiency of these contrast agents have been tuned to improve contrast while still maintaining a high thermodynamic stability for Gd{sup 3+} binding. The Gd- HOPO-based contrast agents surpass current commercially available agents ecause of a higher number of inner-sphere water molecules, rapid exchange of inner-sphere water molecules via an associative mechanism, and a long electronic relaxation time. The contrast enhancement provided by these agents is at least twice that of commercial contrast gents, which are based on polyaminocarboxylate ligands.

  3. Photophysical Property and Photocatalytic Activity of New Gd2InSbO7 and Gd2FeSbO7 Compounds under Visible Light Irradiation

    PubMed Central

    Luan, Jingfei; Xu, Yong

    2013-01-01

    Gd2InSbO7 and Gd2FeSbO7 were synthesized first, and their structural and photocatalytic properties were studied. The lattice parameters and the band gaps for Gd2InSbO7 and Gd2FeSbO7 were 10.449546 Å, 10.276026 Å, 2.897 eV and 2.151 eV. The photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B was performed with Gd2InSbO7 and Gd2FeSbO7 under visible light irradiation. Gd2InSbO7 and Gd2FeSbO7 had higher catalytic activity compared with Bi2InTaO7. Gd2FeSbO7 exhibited higher catalytic activity than Gd2InSbO7. The photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B followed with the first-order reaction kinetics, and the first-order rate constant k was 0.01606, 0.02220 or 0.00329 min?1 with Gd2InSbO7, Gd2FeSbO7 or Bi2InTaO7 as photocatalyst. Complete removal of rhodamine B was observed after visible light irradiation for 225 min or 260 min with Gd2FeSbO7 or Gd2InSbO7 as photocatalyst. The evolution of CO2 was realized, and it indicated continuous mineralization of rhodamine B during the photocatalytic process. The possible photocatalytic degradation pathway of rhodamine B was proposed. PMID:23296275

  4. High-Entropy Alloys with a Hexagonal Close-Packed Structure Designed by Equi-Atomic Alloy Strategy and Binary Phase Diagrams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takeuchi, Akira; Amiya, Kenji; Wada, Takeshi; Yubuta, Kunio; Zhang, Wei

    2014-10-01

    High-entropy alloys (HEAs) with an atomic arrangement of a hexagonal close-packed (hcp) structure were found in YGdTbDyLu and GdTbDyTmLu alloys as a nearly single hcp phase. The equi-atomic alloy design for HEAs assisted by binary phase diagrams started with selecting constituent elements with the hcp structure at room temperature by permitting allotropic transformation at a high temperature. The binary phase diagrams comprising the elements thus selected were carefully examined for the characteristics of miscibility in both liquid and solid phases as well as in both solids due to allotropic transformation. The miscibility in interest was considerably narrow enough to prevent segregation from taking place during casting around the equi-atomic composition. The alloy design eventually gave candidates of quinary equi-atomic alloys comprising heavy lanthanides principally. The XRD analysis revealed that YGdTbDyLu and GdTbDyTmLu alloys thus designed are formed into the hcp structure in a nearly single phase. It was found that these YGdTbDyLu and GdTbDyTmLu HEAs with an hcp structure have delta parameter ( ?) values of 1.4 and 1.6, respectively, and mixing enthalpy (? H mix) = 0 kJ/mol for both alloys. These alloys were consistently plotted in zone S for disordered HEAs in a ?-? H mix diagram reported by Zhang et al. (Adv Eng Mater 10:534, 2008). The value of valence electron concentration of the alloys was evaluated to be 3 as the first report for HEAs with an hcp structure. The finding of HEAs with the hcp structure is significant in that HEAs have been extended to covering all three simple metallic crystalline structures ultimately followed by the body- and face-centered cubic (bcc and fcc) phases and to all four simple solid solutions that contain the glassy phase from high-entropy bulk metallic glasses.

  5. [Solvothermal synthesis and optical properties of LiVO4 : Dy3+ nanorod].

    PubMed

    Wei, Qing-Min; Lu, Jian-Ping; Liu, Guo-Cong; Liang, Da-Wen

    2012-12-01

    Using La2O3, Dy2O3, NH4VO3, HNO3 as materials, solvothermal synthesis method was adopted to prepare LaVO4 : Dy3+ nanorods through adjusting the pH values of ethanol-water mixing solution. The as-prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscope, infrared spectrum, UV-Vis absorption spectra and fluorescence spectra. The results show that the phase transition from m- to t -LaVO4 : Dy3+ can be found when the pH value changes from 2 to 4. With the increase of the pH value of the mixing solution, the grain size of the sample becomes smaller and the shape of LaVO4 : Dy3+ crystal changes from irregular nanoparticle to one dimension nanorod. Besides, the band gap of the sample decrease from 3.68 (pH 2) to 3.43 eV (pH 10). It is found from FL that the excitation spectra of LaVO4 : Dy3+ nanorods have a little red shift in comparison with irregular nanoparticle. Furthermore, the LaVO4 : Dy3+ nanorod exhibits the strongest yellow emission (4F9/2-6 H13/2) and blue emission(4F9/2-6H15/2), and it possesses the largest Y/B value (1.039). PMID:23427562

  6. Emergence in Western African Countries of MDR-TB, Focus on Côte d'Ivoire

    PubMed Central

    Ekaza, Euloge; N'Guessan, Raymond Kouassi; Kacou-N'Douba, Adèle; Aka, N'Guetta; Kouakou, Jacquemin; Le Vacon, Françoise; Altare, Fréderic; Potel, Gilles; de-La-Cochetiere, Marie-France

    2013-01-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) is responsible for a high mortality rate (2.5%) worldwide, mainly in developing countries with a high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The emergence of multiresistant strains of TB poses an extreme risk for TB outbreaks and highlights the need for global TB control strategies. Among Western African countries, Côte d'Ivoire (CI) represents a specific example of a country with great potential to prevent TB. Specifically, CI has a promising healthcare system for monitoring diseases, including vaccination programs. However, military and political conflict in CI favors the spread of infectious diseases, TB being among the most devastating. Compilation of the studies identifying common causes of TB would be extremely beneficial for the development of treatment and prevention strategies. Therefore, the purpose of this comprehensive review is to evaluate the epidemiology of TB in CI, describe the factors involved in pathogenesis, and suggest simple and applicable prevention strategies. PMID:24093098

  7. 46 CFR 31.10-18 - Firefighting equipment: General-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

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  8. 46 CFR 31.10-18 - Firefighting equipment: General-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

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  9. 46 CFR 31.10-18 - Firefighting equipment: General-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

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  10. 46 CFR 31.10-18 - Firefighting equipment: General-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

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  11. 46 CFR 31.10-18 - Firefighting equipment: General-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

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  12. 46 CFR 32.55-15 - Ventilation for hold spaces-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

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  13. 46 CFR 32.55-15 - Ventilation for hold spaces-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

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  14. 46 CFR 32.55-15 - Ventilation for hold spaces-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

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  15. 46 CFR 32.55-15 - Ventilation for hold spaces-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

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  16. 46 CFR 32.55-15 - Ventilation for hold spaces-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

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  17. 46 CFR 32.35-5 - Installation of internal combustion engines-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

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  18. 46 CFR 32.35-5 - Installation of internal combustion engines-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

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  19. 46 CFR 32.35-5 - Installation of internal combustion engines-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

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  20. 46 CFR 32.35-5 - Installation of internal combustion engines-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

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