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E-governmentwebs are among the largest webs in existence, based on the size, number of users and number of information providers. Thus, creating a Semantic Web infrastructure to meaningfully organise e-governmentwebs is highly desirable. At the same time, the complexity of the existing e-government implementations also challenges the feasibility of Semantic Web creation. We therefore propose the design of
Christian Wagner; Karen S. K. Cheung; Rachael K. F. Ip; Stefan Böttcher
The current study examined content-specific relationships of citizens' use of city Websites with civic engagement. A Web-based, volunteer survey of 1,966 citizen users of city Websites found that surveillance, practical services, and direct democracy features functioned as important conditions for citizens' real-world civic engagement. Results indicated that citizens' use of practical services and direct democracy features of city
SOA is an ideal solution for resolving the interoperation, adaptation, incorporation, and dynamic requirements satisfaction problems of information services in e-government. Construction and test Web service solution for e-government is becoming more and more important for e-government adoption. In this paper, the construction of Web service solution for e-government is analyzed while WSDL provides the syntactic description of a single
Web 2.0 applications gain in importance in today's society and cannot be ignored by the public sector, because they can take the evolution of E-Government in new directions. These developments raise some questions we will try to answer in this paper:ldr What is the context in which E-Government and Web 2.0 can be placed? ldrWhat kind of Web 2.0 applications
The expression e-Government designates usually any transaction that involves the government and is carried out, even if partially, with the use of electronic tools, based on information and communication technologies. The implementation of e-Government in the public administration allows the development of more service channel and relationship with the citizen, always available either in geographical terms or in temporal terms,
In this paper we describe preliminary work that exa mines whether statistical properties of the structure of websites can be an informative measure of their quality. We aim to dev elop a new method for evaluating e-government. E-government websites are evaluated regularly by consulting companies, intern ational organizations and academic researchers using a vari ety of subjective measures. We aim
Vaclav Petricek; Tobias Escher; Ingemar J. Cox; Helen Margetts
|Presents seven mathematics games, located on the World Wide Web, for elementary students, including: Absurd Math: Pre-Algebra from Another Dimension; The Little Animals Activity Centre; MathDork Game Room (classic video games focusing on algebra); Lemonade Stand (students practice math and business skills); Math Cats (teaches the artistic beauty…
nment has aggressively promoted the provision of government. However, current e-Governments can not enable these service channels to workflow integration process very well. This paper is devoted to presenting a systematic workflow integration method for e-Government public service channels integration. There are three main public service channels, including phone service channel, network service channel and field service channel. The multi-service
In this paper, we propose a new framework for searchable websites recommendation. Given a query, our system will recommend a list of searchable websites ranked by relevance, which can be used to complement the web page results and ads from a search engine. We model the conditional probability of a searchable website being relevant to a given
Yang Song; Nam Nguyen; Li-wei He; Scott Imig; Robert Rounthwaite
This article deals with the issue of educators creating their own educational Websites equipped with original Web-based teaching materials developed by themselves. As an illustrative example, teaching of English as a foreign language in Japan is taken. Several concrete ideas in building up educational Websites are illustrated, including an example of Web-based rapid reading exercise pages, an example
Purpose – To measure, classify and compare website functions' development. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The objectives were achieved by developing a methodology to measure, classify and compare website functions development. The measurement was based on the presence (or absence) of 91 website components. The classification was achieved using an applied correspondence analysis. The comparison was performed with respect to
|The human brain contains an estimated 100 billion neurons, and browsing the Web, one might be led to believe that there's a Website for every one of those cells. It's no surprise that there are lots of Websites concerning the nervous system. After all, the human brain is toward the top of nearly everyone's list of favorite organs and of…
Until now public organizations have been using Web 2.0 mainly to communicate their activities to the public, but we do not have many success stories utilizing social media in public service provision. As users are no more satisfied only with the pragmatic attributes of a product as useful functions, but are also expecting pleasure and satisfaction. This paper explores how
In this paper, I employ data from surveys and focus groups to examine the likely future trajectory of local e-government in the U.S. E-government at the local level is a relatively new phenomenon with two thirds of local government websites being seven years old or less. Most local e-government offerings remain in early stages of development, are mainly informational
Every nation has some form of e-government process, but there's considerable debate about whether it's even close to its potential. In spite of flashy and multifaceted implementations in developed nations, considerable evidence suggests that even the most technologically advanced countries aren't getting the full return yet for their e-government investments. Poorer nations fare even worse. Large e-governmentWebsites such
With the growing interest in extreme climate and weather events, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has set up a one-stop Website. It includes data on tornadoes, hurricanes, and heavy rainfall, temperature extremes, global climate change, satellite images, and El Niño and La Niña. The Web address is http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov.Another good climate Website is the La Niña Home Page. Set up by the Environmental and Societal Impacts Group of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, the site includes forecasts, data sources, impacts, and Internet links.
Skip to Content Cancer Control and Population Sciences Home Applied Research Home Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Home Automated Self-administered 24-hour Dietary Recall (ASA24™) Researcher WebSite Overview Features System Requirements Researcher
From the Missouri Botanical Gardens, this Website provides a classification of angiosperms that can be navigated either by phylogenic tree, Order, or Family. A detailed description of the classification system is provided by the author, along with literature references and links to other related Websites. Descriptions of each Family and Order include synonyms and the geographic range in which each is found. Users with a background in botany will find this a useful resource.
Current practice of Website development does not ad- dress explicitly the problems related to multilingual sites. Thesame information, as well as thesame navigation paths, page formatting and organization, are expected to be pro- vided by the site independently from the chosen language. This is typically ensured by adopting personal conventions on the way pages are named and on their
Paolo Tonella; Filippo Ricca; Emanuele Pianta; Christian Girardi
|Evaluates 15 criminal justice Websites that have been selected according to the following criteria: authority, currency, purpose, objectivity, and potential usefulness to researchers. The sites provide narrative and statistical information concerning crime, law enforcement, the judicial system, and corrections. Searching techniques are also…
Although the use of surveys in social science research is not new, growing computerization and widespread availability of Internet access has made it increasingly possible to conduct these surveys online. However, populations in the social sciences - and particularly in e-government - are not always well defined, and their boundaries are fuzzy. Therefore, additional challenges need to be considered in
José Ramón Gil-garcía; Sara A. Berg; Theresa A. Pardo; G. Brian Burke; Ahmet Guler
Mono Lake WebSite is the homepage of the Mono Lake Committee and offers helpful information regarding the unique hypersaline and alkaline environment. Visitors will find information about the Mono Lake Committee, natural and political histories of the area, related water policies, a photo gallery with image descriptions, and links to related sites- including a clearinghouse. Those interested in Mono Basin birds will find sightings, counts, bird walks, and other related information. An additional feature, Mono Lake Live, offers up-to-the-minute data on road conditions, satellite images, weather, lake level, bird sightings, snow pack, and earthquakes.
Electronic delivery of information and services has been a key element of many e-government efforts. Interactive e-government functions allow two-way communication and facilitate information exchange and service delivery in a timely manner. This paper presents the findings of a content analysis of 242 local government Websites about their e-government practices, and considers whether the content of these sites is
|Eighty-three percent of teenagers are online. The average teen spends 5 to 10 hours a week on the Web. When using Websites, teenagers are easily bored. Teenagers are also not nearly as skilled as adults at navigating the Web and do not really care for glitzy graphics. Insufficient reading skills, immature research strategies, and unwillingness…
Defining the boundaries of a web-site, for (say) archiving or information retrieval purposes, is an important but complicated task. In this paper a web-page clustering approach to boundary detection is sug- gested. The principal issue is feature selection, hampered by the observa- tion that there is no clear understanding of what a web-site is. This paper proposes a definition of
Public healthcare is a basic service provided by governments to citizens which is increasingly coming under pressure as the European population ages and the ratio of working to elderly persons falls. A way to make public spending on healthcare more efficient is to ensure that the money is spent on legitimate causes. This paper presents the work of the iWebCare
A. Tagaris; G. Konnis; X. Benetou; T. Dimakopoulos; K. Kassis; N. Athanasiadis; S. Ruping; H. Grosskreutz; D. Koutsouris
In this paper we present a model of versioned websites which is aimed at building a website conflguration. The website conflguration is a consistent version of the website and serves for navigation purposes. We exploit the fact that the versioning of websites is in many aspects similar to versioning of software systems (and their components).
This paper develops a framework to assess the text-based public information provided on program level government agency Websites. The framework informs the larger e-government question of how, or whether, state administrative agencies are using Websites in a transformative capacity—to change relationships between citizens and government. It focuses on assessing the degree to which text information provided on government
This Shark Website from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration contains a broad range of information on sharks ranging from shark biology and management to reducing the risk of a shark attack. The Website includes a series of fact sheets on these various topics that briefly and effectively convey information. The site, which is mainly text, is easy to navigate, and includes a large number of links for more information organized into topic groups.
New Zealand government strategy has focused on the ‘transforming’ power of e-government to provide ready access to government information and services through the World Wide Web. But an effective Web interface and good relationships between government and citizens through the Web depends on the understanding held by Web designers of the needs of specific groups of citizens, and the goals
The article discusses how to create and use relational database backed Websites which are protected from data corruption. A threaded discussion on the Internet is used as a typical database application in order to demonstrate the technique
XML seems to be a promising alternative for developing and managing e-governmentwebsites. However, there is a lack of empirical research about the use of XML for website content management in government settings. Based on a multi-method research study, this poster will describe some of the advantages and challenges of using XML. Specifically, it will highlight its potential
José Ramón Gil-garcía; Donna S. Canestraro; Jim Costello; Andrea Baker; Derek Werthmuller
Websites are important for schools to support teachers, administrators, counselors, students, parents, and the community. Redesigning a school's website can become a complex process and requires careful planning. Studies with web users (Yale Style Guide, Nielsen, Siegel) have produced work that informs school website revisers of ways to make a site more usable and enjoyable. The US
This study compares the radio industry's use of interactivity to that of other traditional media on the Web such as newspapers and television stations, along the dimensions of audience-oriented interactivity and source-oriented interactivity. A content analysis of 112 traditional radio station Websites, 282 traditional newspaper Websites, and 128 traditional television station Websites found that traditional radio station
The issue of web -site quality is tac kled from the perspective of the 'voice of the customer'. Quality function deployment (QFD) is adopted as a framework for identifying web-site qualities demanded by users, which are gathered through a quality workshop. From the workshop an instrument for assessing web-site quality is developed (WebQual) and tested in the domain of UK
The Open Door WebSite is a reference source for both students and teachers containing separate sections for physics, biology, technology, history, electronics, and chemistry. Within each of these sections are tutorials, reference information, experiments, and quizzes. A separate Study Guide section provides help with writing bibliographies, and an Internet Guide links with other websites that may help students with their research.
Welcome to the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program, a premier source for cancer statistics in the United States. We collect information on incidence, prevalence and survival from specific geographic areas representing 28 percent of the US population and compile reports on all of these plus cancer mortality for the entire country. Our site is intended for anyone interested in US cancer statistics or cancer surveillance methods.
|Web analytics is a way to measure and optimize Website performance, says Jason Burby, director of Web analytics for ZAAZ Inc., a Web design and development firm in Seattle with a countrywide client base. He compares it to using Evite, which is a useful, free web service that makes it easy to send out party and other invitations and,…
Describes the Web presence in print advertisements to determine how marketers are creating bridges between traditional advertising and the Internet. Content analysis showed Web addresses in print ads; categories of advertisers most likely to link print ads with Websites; and whether the Website attempts to develop a database of potential…
Abstract Kiosks are increasingly being heralded as a technology through which governments, government,departments and,local authorities or municipalitie s can,engage,with citizens. In particular, they have attractions in their potential to bridge the digital divide. There is some evidence,to suggest that the citizen uptake of kiosks and indeed other channels for e -government, such as websites, is slow, al though studies
... Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues The Website your doctor prescribes Past Issues / Summer 2006 ... gov ® is a free, comprehensive, up-to-date Website with health information from the world's largest ...
... Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues The Website your doctor prescribes Past Issues / Summer 2008 ... gov® is a free, comprehensive, up-to-date Website with health information from the world's largest ...
Building large Websites is similar in many ways to building knowledge and database systems. In par- ticular, by providing a declarative, logical view of a Website's data and structure, many of a site builder's tasks, such as creating complex sites, modifying a site's structure, and creating multiple versions of a site, are simplified significantly. New systems, such aS
Mary F. Fernandez; Daniela Florescu; Alon Y. Levy; Dan Suciu
As the Internet matures, achieving a return on investment (ROI) has become of paramount importance for corporate Website initiatives. However, little relevant information regarding qualitative or quantitative measures of Website ROI exists. This paper presents the findings of a qualitative study aimed at examining the various measures which companies use to measure the success of their Websites,
The creation of a complex website is a thorny problem in. user interface design. In IJCAI '97, we challenged the AI community to address this problem by creating adaptive websites. In response, we investigate the problem of in- dex page synthesis — the automatic creation of pages that facilitate a visitor's navigation of a Website. Previous work
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a set of criteria and an instrument for evaluating upscale hotel websites and test these in a comparative study of South Korean and the US upscale hotel websites. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The hotel websites are assessed by a team of 25 trained evaluators. The study measures and compares
|While researchers have studied the use and value of educational software for many years, study of school Websites and/or their effectiveness is limited. In this investigation, we identified goals and functions of school Websites and used the foundations of effective Website design to develop an evaluation checklist. We then applied these…
Produced by The Jade Writers Group, this site offers a basic and easy-to-follow guide for teachers and students who want to construct a Website for their school or personal use. Users can choose to read the guide in order or by section, and it covers topics such as a basic introduction to HTML, using a Web editor, standards, bandwidth, search engine placement, and animation. Although the screenshot illustrations are from a Mac, the lessons apply to any platform. While certainly not as deep or detailed as other guides, the friendly and informal tone of this site will appeal to beginners and young users.
In July 1997, the University Library at the University of Nebraska at Omaha adopted a new structural model for Website development--the publishing metaphor. Rather than relying on an individual expert (the Webmaster) or a WebTeam comprised of a few individuals, the model permits everyone in the organization, regardless of position or Web…
The World Wide Web has become the medium of choice for the distribution and use of information by individuals, teams, organizations, and communities. Web sitesâÄîthe collection of web pages that make up the World Wide WebâÄîare the fundamental means by which that information is retrieved and distributed. Understanding the factors that impact the complexity of a website is a
This article gives details about the methods and processes used to ensure that usability and accessibility were achieved during development of the Home Parenteral Nutrition Family Caregivers Website, an evidence-based health education Website for the family members and caregivers of chronically ill patients. This article addresses comprehensive definitions of usability and accessibility and illustrates Website development according to Section 508 standards and the national Health and Human Services’ Research-Based Web Design and Usability Guidelines requirements.
YADRICH, DONNA MACAN; FITZGERALD, SHARON A.; WERKOWITCH, MARILYN; SMITH, CAROL E.
This technical note presents the development of a methodological laboratory niche Website. The "Grossing Technology in Surgical Pathology" (www.grossing-technology.com) Website is used as an example. Although common steps in creation of most Websites are followed, there are particular requirements for structuring the template's menu on methodological laboratory Websites. The "nested doll principle," in which one object is placed inside another, most adequately describes the methodological approach to laboratory Website design. Fragmentation in presenting the Website's material highlights the discrete parts of the laboratory procedure. An optimally minimal triad of components can be recommended for the creation of a laboratory niche Website: a main set of media, a blog, and an ancillary component (host, contact, and links). The inclusion of a blog makes the Website a dynamic forum for professional communication. By forming links and portals, cloud computing opens opportunities for connecting a niche Website with other Websites and professional organizations. As an additional source of information exchange, methodological laboratory niche Websites are destined to parallel both traditional and new forms, such as books, journals, seminars, webinars, and internal educational materials. PMID:23769601
Access to biological information on the World Wide Web continues to grow at a rapid pace. Many resources that previously required a trip to the library are now accessible from the desktop PC. Three major categories of biology Websites are explored: those with citation information, those functioning as clearinghouses or directories to other Websites, and those that present
Using a questionnaire distributed to participants in the library instruction programmes at two Canadian universities, the author studied students’ understanding of the need for Website evaluation and their ability to articulate criteria for evaluation. The results show that students view Web sources somewhat critically and are aware of standard Website evaluation criteria.
As the World Wide Web has grown in popularity, the propriety of linking to other websites has achieved some prominence as an important moral and legal issue. Hyperlinks represent the essence of Web-based activity, since they facilitate navigation in a unique and efficient fashion. But the pervasive activity of linking has generated notable controversies. While most sites welcome and
\\u000a We present ‘SiteGuide’, a tool that helps web designers to decide which information will be included in a new website and\\u000a how the information will be organized. SiteGuide takes as input URLs of websites from the same domain as the site the user\\u000a wants to create. It automatically searches the pages of these example sites for common topics
The BBC publishes large amounts of content online, as text, audio and video. As the amount of content grows, we need to make it easy for users to locate items of interest and to draw coherent journeys across them. In this chapter, we describe our use of Semantic Web technologies for achieving this goal. We focus in particular on three BBC Websites: BBC Programmes, BBC Music and BBC Wildlife Finder, and how those Websites effectively use the wider Web as their Content Management System.
Raimond, Yves; Scott, Tom; Oliver, Silver; Sinclair, Patrick; Smethurst, Michael
Today's Websites are intricate but not intelligent; while Web navigation is dynamic and idiosyncratic, all too often Websites are fossils cast in HTML. In response, this paper investigates adaptive Websites: sites that automatically improve their organization and presentation by learning from visitor access patterns. Adaptive Websites mine the data buried in Web server logs to produce
"If you're not having fun, you're not being the best teacher you can be," says the masthead of this Website, and we would tend to agree. Updated frequently, the site offers a host of materials designed to inspire teachers and refresh flagging energies as well as providing some specific instructional materials. The materials focus on teaching younger children -- though the site covers K-12 -- and emphasize interactive ways to engage children's learning skills that draw on contemporary media, including the Internet and video games. There is also an annotated list of useful links and a free email alerting service that periodically dispenses creative teaching tips and links to creative sites. Coming soon from this Website: Star Trek Captains and Teaching Style. The site is the brainchild of Robert Morgan, a teacher and educator for the past 30 years who currently holds the positions of Web Administrator and Director of the Computer, Space Science, Simulation, and Faculty Technology Training Center at University School in Shaker Heights, Ohio.
This article details the construction and content of the Garden Grove (CA) High School Website. The site wins the January 2009 "Tech Directions" WebSite of the Month. It provides information on the school's academic programs, administrative and teaching staff, guidance department, and athletics and other extracurricular activities, in addition…
Early research in declarative web-site managementidentified a key principle: the separation ofdata management, site structure, and page presentation.This separation was made throughthe introduction of a logical representation, thesite graph, defined as a view over underlyingdata. While the separation of these three tasksprovides many benefits, existing systems requirethat the user implement the website with thesame system they use to design
|This article details the construction and content of the Garden Grove (CA) High School Website. The site wins the January 2009 "Tech Directions" WebSite of the Month. It provides information on the school's academic programs, administrative and teaching staff, guidance department, and athletics and other extracurricular activities, in addition…
We consider the provision of museum Websites with respect to gender issues from a number of different perspectives. Design issues for Web access, the use of technology such as Web logs by women, together with some more specialist interests such as on-line gaming are covered. The differences in various cultures are also considered. In particular, the situation in a
Clara Baiget; Isabel Bernal; Nadia Blinova; Sue Black; Stefania Boiano; Ann Borda; Jonathan P. Bowen; Wera Grahn; Eleanor Lisney; Teresa Numerico
|Introduces concepts of accessible Web design and describes how Web designers can build sites accessible to people with disabilities. Provides legal and economic rationales, describes principles of universal design and guidelines from the World Wide Web Consortium's Accessibility Initiative, and includes selected resources. (Author/LRW)|
Introduces concepts of accessible Web design and describes how Web designers can build sites accessible to people with disabilities. Provides legal and economic rationales, describes principles of universal design and guidelines from the World Wide Web Consortium's Accessibility Initiative, and includes selected resources. (Author/LRW)
|With specially formatted templates or simple Web page editors, teachers can lay out text and graphics in a work space resembling the interface of a word processor. Several options are presented to help teachers build Websites. ree templates include Class Homepage Builder, AppliTools: HomePage, MySchoolOnline.com, and BigChalk.com. Web design…
Even though we have seen an exponential growth in the number of Websites and the number of users, little is known about Web usage at the level of the individual. This paper aims to overcome this lack of knowledge on individual usage patterns. Based on previous findings on saturation of Web usage, we use data from 1995-1998 on residential
Mario Christ; Ramayya Krishnan; Daniel Nagin; Oliver Günther
E-Government emerges from the websites that offer static information, documents and forms for employees and citizens to more advanced types of transactions, enquiries, and process automations to many types of stakeholders. Increasingly, different layers of government services are being consolidated into a knowledge portal providing on time and online services to the public. Such a knowledge portal not only
. Abstract The trust of citizens in their governments has gradually eroded. One response by several North American governments has been to introduce e- government, or web-mediated citizen-to-government interaction. This paper tests the extent to which online initiatives have succeeded in increasing trust and external political efficacy in voters. An internet- based survey of 182 Canadian voters shows that using
Michael Parent; Christine A. Vandebeek; Andrew C. Gemino
Summary Governments worldwide adopt e-government model and use ICT and particularly the Web as a key vehicle. This means the full integration of new technologies for transforming the public administrations and facilitating drastically the information flow among different governmental agencies, citizens and businesses. Interoperability appears as the mean for accomplishing the inter- linking of information, systems, applications and ways of
Of the many approaches to building a brand’s image on the Internet, a Website is one of the most important tools for managers. An important decision made by Website managers is whether to place banner advertisements on their brand’s Website (e.g. The New Yorker Website placing an ad for polo.com). While banner advertisements are widespread in
Eric J. Newman; Donald E. Stem Jr.; David E. Sprott
|This book identifies more than 650 Internet and World Wide Websites across the K-12 curriculum that can benefit teachers who may not have time to carry out lengthy searches themselves. The Websites in this book are organized alphabetically by the following K-12 subject areas: art, bilingual education, drama, ESL, foreign language, health…
Sharp, Vicki F.; Levine, Martin G.; Sharp, Richard M.
|Given Google's growing market share--69% of all searches by the close of 2007--it's absolutely critical for any school on the Web to ensure its site is Google-friendly. A Google-optimized site ensures that students and parents can quickly find one's district on the Web even if they don't know the address. Plus, good search optimization simply…
The reasons why physicians should have professional websites for their practices are presented. The options available to practitioners who want to create a site are reviewed. Advantages and disadvantages of virtual and non-virtual hosting are discussed. How to find and register one's own domain name, obtain a hosting service, and avenues available to build the website are also described. Future articles will address finding specific hosting services and details regarding site construction. PMID:10835816
The objective of this paper is to describe a framework for the development of a simple website for pediatric dentists. The four steps--domain name registration, website hosting, website design and website publishing--are detailed. A pediatric dental website can be created and maintained for less than $300 per annum. PMID:11048310
Purpose – Summarization of an entire website with diverse content may lead to a summary heavily biased towards the site's dominant topics. The purpose of this paper is to present a novel topic-based framework to address this problem. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A two-stage framework is proposed. The first stage identifies the main topics covered in a website via clustering
Yongzheng Zhang; Evangelos E. Milios; A. Nur Zincir-Heywood
...NRC-2010-0003] Availability of NRC Open Government WebSite AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission...Notice of Availability of Open Government Website for Online Public Comments...Regulatory Commission's (NRC) Open Government Website...
Automatic navigating and gathering information from Deep Websites requires the use of Web Wrappers in order to simulate human interaction with Websites. Web Wrappers have some drawbacks: their implementations are specific to the accessed site and also their source code needs a constant maintenance in order to support new changes on Website. In this work we propose
This article examines current academic library Website practices and recommends a conceptual model for future academic library Website design. The author investigated 111 ARL member library Websites and has summarized current site content, design patterns, and innovative features. The author discusses the Web 2.0 principles as defined by Tim O'Reilly and reviews the current literature on Web
It is shown that reverse software engineering using the Unified Process (UP) and visual models with the Unified Modeling Language can be applied to Website maintenance. By reverse engineering the current Websites, the implementation models of the current Websites are derived from the Websites. For the navigation schemes, the Web elements and their dependencies of the
Using decision technology on a Website to support alternative comparison increases satisfaction and the use of compensatory strategies among users but, surprisingly, does not affect their decision confidence or time-performing tasks
As World Wide Web deployment (both over the Internet and through institutional intranets) continues to explode, developers are uncovering the myriad design possibilities and trade-off that accompany this technology. Site designers must make decisions rang...
In this paper, we present a complete framework and findings in mining Web usage patterns from Web log files of a real Website that has all the challenging aspects of real-life Web usage mining, including evolving user profiles and external data describing an ontology of the Web content. Even though the Website under study is part of a
Olfa Nasraoui; Maha Soliman; Esin Saka; Antonio Badia; Richard Germain
Purpose – The collapse of the Somali Democratic Republic in 1991 led to a world-wide diaspora. The purpose of this paper is to discuss and analyse Somali websites in an attempt to demonstrate how they reflect the troubled history and politics of the homeland and continue to interest, involve, bring together and divide Somalis world-wide. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Websites
The creation of a complex website is a thorny problem in user interface design. First, differ ent visitors have distinct goals. Second, even a single visitor may have different needs at dif ferent times. Much of the information at the site may also be dynamic or time-dependen t. Third, as the site grows and evolves, its original design may
The trust of citizens in their governments has gradually eroded. One response by several North American governments has been to introduce e-government or Web-mediated citizen-to-government interaction. This paper tests the extent to which online initiatives have succeeded in increasing trust and external political efficacy in voters. An Internet-based survey of 182 Canadian voters shows that using the Internet to transact
Michael Parent; Christine A. Vandebeek; Andrew C. Gemino
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to determine if the homepage of a website is representative of the whole site with respect to accessibility. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper presents an intraclass correlation (ICC) between homepage web accessibility barrier (WAB) scores and the WAB scores of website levels 1 through 3 for 33 popular websites. Findings
Purpose – Websites are the first point of interaction in the virtual environment and information and entertainment aspects are the most important tenets of websites. Thus, it becomes important to know how much information and entertainment is required, is adequate and appropriate for a website. The purpose of this paper is to classify 43 websites into
|This research investigates university students' determinations of credibility of information on Websites, confidence in their determinations, and perceptions of Website authors' vested interests. In Study 1, university-level computer science and education students selected Websites determined to be credible and Websites that exemplified…
Iding, Marie K.; Crosby, Martha E.; Auernheimer, Brent; Klemm, E. Barbara
Website success is significantly associated with navigability, an important attribute of usability that denotes the ease with which users find desired information as they move through a Website. Navigable Websites allow users to form a mental model of the type and location of information in the Website and an expectation of where and to what a
Purpose – Commercial healthcare and hospital-based websites appear to exhibit distinctive formats. This paper aims to compare two award winning medical websites with two top commercial healthcare websites in an effort to determine significant predictors of positive attitudes toward the websites when actively searching for healthcare information. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Three linear regressions were utilized to test
B. Andrew Cudmore; Paula E. Bobrowski; Tinatin Kiguradze
Metroscope is a directory of resources arranged by metropolitan area. It contains over four thousand sites. Subject category breakdown under each site includes arts and entertainment, business, media, sports, and professional services. The directory is searchable by subject and across cities. A fast and powerful way to access the Internet resources of over 40 U.S. and five international cities, with new sites being added weekly. The site is provided by the Isotropic Media Group.
The Lunar and Planetary Institute (LPI) "is a focus for academic participation in studies of the current state, evolution, and formation of the solar system." The LPI Website contains a helpful and handy resource for professionals and researchers. Called Journal Websites, this simple database contains a list of dozens of obvious and not so obvious journals and publications, such as the International Comet Quarterly, that relate to the subject at hand along with direct links. And, as the sites header states, Journal home pages can contain a variety of information such as tables of contents, guidelines on manuscript preparation, and even online versions of the journal itself.
\\u000a Fireworks is a powerful end-to-end web design tool. It is as useful for rapid prototyping and wireframing as it is for creation\\u000a of vector art, logos, and pixel-perfect design detail and nuance. This example is going to walk through designing a blog site,\\u000a a relatively simple and standard format on the modern Web. Over the last several years, blogs have
Grant Hinkson; Craig Erskine; Matt Heerema; Chuck Mallott; Matthew Keefe; Hugh Griffith
Purpose – This study seeks to identify the dimensions of website attributes that represent online shoppers' perceptions of their favorite clothing website and to examine the relationship with the evaluation of the relative importance of various clothing website attributes. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – US college students, who had online shopping experience and favorite clothing websites that they especially
\\u000a In this chapter, I review almost everything you need to know to build a basic website in Drupal. I start with a basic review of the development processes\\u000a that I use to develop sites and explain how I tend to divide site building into two phases, development and theming. I then\\u000a talk about several important Drupal topics, including blocks,
Purpose – Organisations now regard having a website as mandatory but as more businesses create websites the real challenge lies in driving traffic to a specific website. Little research attention has been paid to the issues for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) of how to increase traffic to their website. This paper addresses the issue of web
The advent of the World Wide Web has enabled librarians to create and publish websites that function as specialized reference tools, virtual clearinghouses. This paper will review how the PAM website has evolved, and survey current developments in information architecture and web applications that may provide future site enhancements.
Systems that support Website traffic analysis are core business intelligence applications for many companies. Recent papers remark that these systems are especially useful if they measure the users' interest into the relevant concepts described in a Website rather than counting users' accesses to the distinct pages forming the Website. This paper extends existing measures of conceptual Web
Walter Didimo; Giuseppe Liotta; Salvatore Agostino Romeo
This paper presents the major findings from the project “Development of new methods for evaluation of library Websites on the World Wide Web”. The report includes a brief examination and discussion of quality applied to Websites in general and concerning library Websites in particular. Findings from a few empirical surveys are presented. A new list of quality
Created and maintained by David Nash Ford, this site offers an excellent introduction to the Celtic Kingdoms that existed in Britain and Brittany from the time the Romans left until well into the eleventh century. The site is essentially composed of two portions, the first of which provides overviews of the kingdoms by region (West Country, Midland and South Britain, Wales, Northern Britain, North of Hadrian's Wall, and Brittany). The second portion offers information on several related topics such as King Arthur, Celtic Saints, Celtic Ancestor Gods, and Pre-Roman Celtic Tribes and Kingdoms. Additional resources include a list of related links, a bibliography, and a What's New page.
The backdoor or information leak of Web servers can be detected by using Web Mining techniques on some abnormal Web log and Web application log data. The security of Web servers can be enhanced and the damage of illegal access can be avoided. Firstly, the system for discovering the patterns of information leakages in CGI scripts from Web log data was proposed. Secondly, those patterns for system administrators to modify their codes and enhance their Website security were provided. The following aspects were described: one is to combine web application log with web log to extract more information, so web data mining could be used to mine web log for discovering the information that firewall and Information Detection System cannot find. Another approach is to propose an operation module of website to enhance Website security. In cluster server session, Density-Based Clustering technique is used to reduce resource cost and obtain better efficiency.
People vary considerably in their competency levels depending on the websites' topic. Does this knowledge influence their ability to make judgements? In order to see if we could discover a relationship between judgments, confidence, and knowledge of the topic, we conducted a study using participants who already possessed considerable evaluation skills and were sophisticated users of the World Wide
Martha E. Crosby; Marie K. Iding; Barbara Klemm; Brent Auernheimer
This article features "Tech Directions" School WebSite of the Month. The website (http://satellite.stcharles.k12.la.us) was produced by technology education students at the Satellite Center of St. Charles Parish Public Schools in Luling, Louisiana. The Satellite Center focuses on the career paths projected to expand the most over the next decade.…
Innerbody.com is a commercial, educational Website designed for anyone interested in learning the intricacies of the human anatomy. It provides an interactive journey through the ten systems of the human body using tutorials, animations, diagrams, and descriptive links.
Annie I. Antón; Julia B. Eart; Matthew W. Vail; Neha Jain; Carrie M. Gheen; Jack M. Frink
|This article showcases August's School WebSite of the Month, http://magnoliaisdcommunities.org/communities/bschuster, which was produced by Bradley H. Schuster (email@example.com) and his students at Magnolia High School, Magnolia, Texas. Schuster teaches architectural drafting and building trades classes at both Magnolia High School and…
|This article features "Tech Directions" School WebSite of the Month. The website (http://satellite.stcharles.k12.la.us) was produced by technology education students at the Satellite Center of St. Charles Parish Public Schools in Luling, Louisiana. The Satellite Center focuses on the career paths projected to expand the most over the next…
Composer, distinguished author and translator, and man of belles letters, Paul Bowles passed away in 1999 in Morocco, which was for many years was his primary place of residence. Bowles best-known work is probably his novel The Sheltering Sky, though he also translated Sartre's "Huis Clos" (upon which he bestowed the title "No Exit") and was an accomplished composer of music for the theatre. Created by his long-time friends and colleagues, this authorized Paul Bowles site contains a number of reminisces about his life from such friends as Ned Rorem (the noted American composer), Rodrigo Rey Rosa, and Irene Herrmann. Some provided essays interview Bowles, some discuss his literary legacy, and others talk about his many compositions. All in all, the site offers a number of insightful and intimate commentaries on one of America's most storied writers of the 20th century.
The absence of benchmarks for Websites with dynamic content has been a major impediment to research in this area. We describe three benchmarks for evaluating the performance of Websites with dynamic content. The benchmarks model three common types of dynamic content Websites with widely varying application characteristics: an online bookstore, an auction site, and a bulletin board.
Cristiana Amza; Anupam Chanda; Alan L. Cox; Sameh Elnikety; Romer Gil; Karthick Rajamani; Willy Zwaenepoel; Emmanuel Cecchet; Julie Marguerite
|Presents the AIPD (attracting, informing, positioning, and delivering) approach to the evaluation of commercial Websites that assess the strategic potential of Websites, provides a framework for the development of competitive sites, and compares Website strategies within and across national boundaries. Compares Internet strategies of Japanese…
Web pages and Websites, some argue, can either be collected as elements of digital or hybrid libraries, or, as others would have it, the WWW is itself a library. We begin with the assumption that Web pages and Websites can be collected and categorized. The paper explores the proposition that the WWW constitutes a library. We conclude that
|This article describes the usefulness of Web analytics for understanding the users of an academic library Website. Using a case study, the analysis describes how Web analytics can answer questions about Website user behavior, including when visitors come, the duration of the visit, how they get there, the technology they use, and the most…
... Supplements Videos & Cool Tools ESPAÑOL Question: How do Websites get listed in MedlinePlus? To use the ... authoritative resources. MedlinePlus uses quality guidelines to evaluate Websites. We try to ensure that the information ...
We experimentally evaluate components of a system that learns to analyze natural-language requests to update in- formation on a database-backed web- site. Our long-term goal is to develop a system which can adapt to changes in the distribution of requests as the un- derlying database schema changes—in short, a system that performs deep anal- ysis of text in a domain
Many commercial websites, as web stores, have recently experienced perform- ance problems due to the growth of Internet trading. One way to improve a site's performance during overload is to introduce admission control mechanisms. In this paper we develop and investigate two admission control schemes specifi- cally for distributed commercial websites. One of the schemes is request-based and
|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate library websites in Pakistan, to analyse their content and navigational strengths and weaknesses and to give recommendations for developing better websites and quality assessment studies. Design/methodology/approach: Survey of websites of 52 academic, special, public and national libraries…
...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Internet Website publication. 181.9 Section...INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS Â§ 181.9 Internet Website publication. The Office...responsible for making publicly available on the Internet Website of the Department of...
To address competitive threats, academic libraries are encouraged to build robust Websites personalized to learning and research tasks. Through an evaluation of Association of Research Libraries (ARL)-member Websites, we suggest how library Websites should evolve and reflect upon the impacts such recommendations may have on academic libraries themselves.
The creation of a Website development course is based on a sound educational foundation of the basic technology principle s that incorporate systems analysis and design functions. A multidiscipline project- based course designed to educate students at the graduate and undergraduate level in the area of Website development is detailed in this paper. The WebSite Administration: Theory
With the advent of network technologies, many educational websites have been developed to assist students in the learning of subjects on computer networks. However, without proper aid, students may have difficulty in selecting appropriate websites, that are of benefit to them; hence, studying, evaluating and recommending educational websites has become an important and challenging issue. In this
Gwo-jen Hwang; Tony Cheng Kui Huang; Judy C. R. Tseng
|Describes Project DL whose goal was to provide a Website where diverse information sources on digital libraries are available. Discusses the Website design at the University of Missouri-Columbia that includes three sections: digital library collections, digital library resources, and digital library Websites. (Author/LRW)|
Kochtanek, Thomas R.; Hein, Karen K.; Kassim, Ahmad Rafee Che
Purpose – The paper has two objectives. First, it seeks to present a procedure for exploring website development using the Internet archive (www.archive.org). Second, it aims to test the assumption that over time a progression in website numbers and interactivity is visible within an industry sector. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The Internet archive was used to view website activity
|Objective: To assess the content of food industry Websites targeting children by describing strategies used to prolong their visits and foster brand loyalty; and to document health-promoting messages on these Websites. Design: A content analysis was conducted of Websites advertised on 2 children's networks, Cartoon Network and Nickelodeon. A…
...No. APHIS-2010-0111] APHIS User Fee WebSite AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection...This notice announces the availability of a Website that contains information about the...fees. ADDRESSES: The Agency's user fee Website is located at:...
Many Websites include significant and substantial pieces of information, in a way that is oftendifficult to share, correlate and maintain. In many cases the management of a Website can greatlybenefit from the adoption of methods and techniques borrowed from the database field. This paperintroduces a methodology for designing and maintaining large Websites based on the assumptionthat data
Purpose – This study explores US brands' website standardisation in terms of the extent of standardisation and the content applied across European markets. The conceptual framework was created on the basis of four basic functions of website content, i.e. transaction, communication, relationship, and interactivity. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In total, 206 websites created for the UK, France, Germany, and
The Official String Theory WebSite, created by a group of highly educated physicists, is a great resource for everyone interested in physics and the string theory. It begins with educational and stimulating discussion about theoretical physics and the basics of string theory. Users can find out about the experimental tests and the math used by string theorists. Visitors can take a trip through the Big Bang, view amazing images of black holes, and learn about the history of string theory. Students and educators can listen to interviews of the many scientists who contributed to this informative site.
NativeWeb, a rich source of information and documents about indigenous peoples, has moved to a new location and has been expanded since we reported on it last year. The site seeks to "provide a cyber-place for Earth's indigenous peoples." The site at present provides pointers to North and South American indigenous peoples' resources, and promises in future to provide sources for Asia and Africa. Information is available by Subject Categories, Geographic Regions, Nations/Peoples, Native Languages and Literature, Native Newsletters and Journals, Native Organizations, and Bibliographies. An electronic store offers listings of mostly Native-owned enterprises, and a Native events calendar is also provided.
Nurses frequently have to adjust to changes in technology, particularly in the OR, but cataloging the wealth of resources commonly used in the OR (eg, equipment, supplies, how to use them) has not kept pace. To address this, I worked with the information systems administrative coordinator at the University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, to design and implement a perioperative intranet site that includes videos and fact sheets about equipment and supplies and that can be accessed by all perioperative staff members. This required promoting the idea and getting stakeholder sign-on, soliciting videotapes and DVDs and screening all submissions for appropriateness, choosing and formatting applicable resources for use on the site, working with members of the information systems department to create a website after the video library was assembled, and helping staff members use and accept the site as a valuable educational resource. This intranet website has been available to staff members for two years, and data from a recent survey of staff members and from mandatory intranet inservice compliance programs show evidence of its effectiveness. PMID:22464619
We present 'SiteGuide', a tool that helps web designers to decide which information will be included in a new website and how the information will be organized. SiteGuide takes as input URLs of websites from the same domain as the site the user wants to create. It automatically searches the pages of these example sites for common topics
In order to obtain the desired information or functionality in the Web, a user often needs to perform multiple interactions with the Website, e.g. submitting Web forms filled up with appropriate information, and the further execution of such a Web process depends on the information provided by the user in the previous steps of the process. The formal models
The World Wide Web has become a major source of information that can be turned into valuableknowledge for individuals and organisations. In the work presented here, we are concernedwith the extraction of meta-knowledge from the Web. In particular, knowledge aboutWeb usage which is invaluable to the construction of Websites that meet their purposes andprevent disorientation. Towards this goal, we
|Gives instructions in nontechnical terms for building a simple website using Netscape Navigator or Communicator's web editor. Presents six steps that include: organizing information, creating a page and a background, linking files, linking to Internet web pages, linking images, and linking an email address. Gives advice for sending the web page…
Brownfield Action (BA) is a web-based environmental science simulation developed by the Center for New Media Teaching and Learning at Columbia University and Dr. Peter Bower of Barnard College. In the simulation, students investigate the possibility of groundwater contamination in a virtual, fictional township by exploring the townâs infrastructure, meeting pertinent parties, and performing hydrological surveys and tests to gain an understanding of the groundwater system of the municipality. Over twenty-five locations can be visited and forty-five characters can be interviewed including town residents, business owners, and local government officials. Students are presented with maps, documents, videos, and an extensive network of scientific data, mined with a suite of geological and hydrological testing tools to aid their investigation in determining the nature of any found contamination in the virtual town. A demo is available on this website and there is contact info for teachers wishing to incorporate into their classrooms.
The vision of Semantic Web services promises a network of interoperable Web services over dieren t sources. A major challenge to the realization of this vision is the lack of automated means of acquiring domain ontologies necessary for marking up the Web services. In this paper, we propose the DeepMiner system which learns domain ontologies from the source Websites.
Wensheng Wu; Anhai Doan; Clement T. Yu; Weiyi Meng
|In this article, the author discusses a project they undertook to reshape the libraries' Web services of the University of Houston site. The site had been in a state of flux and it needed a new structure for both managing and organizing it. She realized the staff was looking for a Website that was more "Web 2.0" in nature. Web 2.0 is often…
This article reports analyses, findings, conclusions and implications about the first U.S. survey of Websites of 223 major American cities with populations of 100,000 or more. The national survey sought to provide one of the most comprehensive reviews of, and current and future implications regarding, Website uses by major cities as well as optimal uses by features and
Gregory Curtin; Robert McConnachie; Michael Sommer; Veronika Vis-Sommer
Oakland University's Kresge Library first launched its Website in 1996. The initial design and subsequent contributions were originally managed by a single Webmaster. In 2002, the library restructured its Web content creation and management to a distributed, collaborative method with the goal of increasing the amount, accuracy, and timeliness of the information available on the library Website. The
|A political science professor at James Madison University (VA) constructed a Web page to support an undergraduate course in government. This article defines Web-site goals and audience, reviews other sites, and discusses organization of Web links and technical choices for HTML editor, page layout and use of image, audio, and video files. Stresses…
This exploratory study examines fashion retailer use of Websites of retailers operating within the UK. A survey of 990 fashion retailers was undertaken, 780 of which have a registered domain name. A content analysis of their Websites took place in order to examine: first, retailer characteristics in terms of product focus, marketing positioning, operational structure type and Web
With the emergence of the World Wide Web, analyzing and improving Web communication has become essential to adapt the Web content to the visitors' expectations. Web communication analysis is traditionally performed by Web analytics software, which produce long lists of page-based audience metrics. These results sufier from page synonymy, page polysemy, page temporality, and page volatility. In addition, the metrics
Centralized search process requires that the whole collection reside at a single site. This imposes a burden on both the system storage of the site and the network traffic near the site. It thus comes to require the search process to be distributed. Recently, more and more Websites provide the ability to search their local collection of Web pages.
Xiaolan Zhu; Susan Gauch; Lutz Gerhard; Nicholas Kral; Alexander Pretschner
World Wide Websites consisting mainly of links to other Internet resources have begun to proliferate. These sites are valuable to library users and researchers because they bring together in a single Website links to a comprehensive array of information resources. Because libraries may elect to include bibliographic records for these sites in their online catalogs, catalogers should be
Foraging information in large and complex websites simply using keyword search usually results in unpleas- ant experience due to the relatively low precision of exist- ing search engines. To support more precise information search, some abstractions of the websites, like sitemaps, are needed. However, their creation normally requires man- ual effort. In this paper, we extend the HITS
Background It is easy to accurately measure website usage and to quantify key parameters such as page views, site visits, and more complex\\u000a variables using commercially available tools that analyze website log files and search engine use. This information can be\\u000a used strategically to guide the design or redesign of a website (templates, look-and-feel, and navigation infrastructure)\\u000a to
GBrowse is widely used by biologists to visualize genome annotation. We have developed WebGBrowse to facilitate hosting multiple GBrowse instances specific for different users on the same Web server. WebGBrowse automatically sets up each user-specific GBrowse instance by extracting information from user-supplied data to produce the appropriate configuration. This unit describes installation and administration of WebGBrowse for bioinformaticians who plan to manage local WebGBrowse servers in their institutions. PMID:21400697
The World Wide Web is viewed as a desirable medium for public relations by many organizations. Given the evolving nature of the Web and the mixed findings about commercial successes of Websites, little is known about the managerial aspects of Website research, planning, and evaluation. This study found that, in many cases, Website planning is done by
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has established the NOAA New England Red Tide Information Center to help people understand the significant red tides that are predicted to form there later this spring. The site (http://www.oceanservice.noaa.gov/redtide) will provide a summary of the current red tide situation and its potential harmful impacts on humans and animals and will serve as a central repository of information. The site also will have direct links to news releases, changes to relevant federal fishing regulations, links to closures of shellfish waters, and links to state agency Websites with localized information. In addition, the site will have information about NOAA's scientific response effort as well as information from several other sources including NOAA's major response partner, the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). On 24 April, WHOI scientists, using forecast models developed with NOAA funding support, predicted ``that excess winter precipitation has set the stage for a harmful algal bloom similar to the historic red tide of 2005.'' That bloom shut down shellfish beds from the Bay of Fundy to Martha's Vineyard for several months.
...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Internet Website disclosure requirements. ...REGISTRANTS Online Pharmacies Â§ 1304.45 Internet Website disclosure requirements. ...following information on the homepage of each Internet site it operates, or on a page...
An academic library Website's search engine logs were analyzed to discover how patrons used the site search. Results from this study were intended to improve the site search engine and the library's Web page organization and features. The findings showed that patrons did not understand the function of the search and tried to use it to find information of
WSDM is a user-centered method for the design of kiosk WebSites. By explicitly starting from the requirements of the users or visitors, WSDM solves website problems that are primarily caused by that fact that a site has no underlying design at all, or that the design is mostly data-driven.
The World Wide Web offers a large and ever-expanding number of resources in the fields of psychology and sociology. Growth of the Web has been so fast that it has been difficult to keep track of all the new resources that are rapidly becoming available. With so many new Websites cropping up, there is a growing need to sort
The Web has become a ubiquitous tool for distributing knowledge and information and for conducting businesses. To exploit the huge potential of the Web as a global information repository, it is necessary to understand its dynamics. These issues are particularly important for news Websites as they are expected to provide fresh information on current world events to a potentially
A prime business concern is knowing your customer. One legacy carried into the present from the earliest NCSA web servers is web server logs. While there are more powerful user tracking techniques, such as requiring logins or storing cookies, server logs remain a powerful tool in helping understand customer activity on a website, and are the only tool when
Use is plainly an important characteristic in determining the success or otherwise of a website and in making comparisons between sites. The source of most use data are the web logs that record user activity on a real-time and continuous basis. There is much demand from sponsors, site owners and marketing departments for this information. The authors examine the
Japanpsilas Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications has set 2010 as a target date for e-government systems to exceed a utilization rate of 50%. Existing e-government systems based on the World Wide Web are rarely used. One of the reasons that existing e-government systems are not used frequently is that it is difficult for users to operate the system. Online
Yoshitoshi Murata; Yoshihisa Sato; Tsuyoshi Takayama; Nobuyoshi Sato
The Strudel system applies concepts from database management systems to the process of building Websites. Strudel's key idea is separating the management of the site's data, the creation and management of the site's structure, and the visual presentation of the site's pages. First, the site builder creates a uniform model of all data available at the site. Second, the
Mary F. Fernández; Daniela Florescu; Jaewoo Kang; Alon Y. Levy; Dan Suciu
The website, Professional Resources in Nutrition Sciences (PRINS), was developed in the fall of 1998 to provide access to Internet\\/World Wide Web resources useful to dietetic and nutrition professionals and students. PRINS is a professional rather than consumer-oriented resource, with nearly 2,000 links to information pertaining to the profession. The nutrition-related websites include: national and state credentialing agencies;
This study adopted a person–organization (P–O fit) framework to investigate job seeker attraction to organizations in the context of e-recruitment. Recruitment information posted on real corporate websites was presented to active job seekers (N=120) in order to better understand reactions to online recruiting. Participants examined one of three corporate websites and completed questionnaires about their perceptions of web
Brigitte Pfieffelmann; Stephen H. Wagner; Terry Libkuman
There are two problems in online retail: 1) The different interest of all customers in the different commodities conflicts\\u000a with the commodity classification structure of the website; 2) Customers will simultaneously buy some commodities that are\\u000a classified in different classes and levels in the website. The two problems will make the majority of customers access overabundant\\u000a web pages.
In the future, more nurses and other healthcare professionals will be providing patient education on the Internet. Having knowledge of processes that lead to quality patient education Website design is essential. These quality assurance processes include determining the site's purpose, selecting the user population, establishing the expected clinical and learning outcomes, providing an educational framework, incorporating specific design principles, and multiple and ongoing site evaluation. Therefore, Website development processes designed to undergird quality patient education are presented, and an example Website is used to illustrate them. PMID:12352105
Smith, Carol E; Cha, Jennifer; Puno, Florence; Magee, Jon D; Bingham, James; Van Gorp, Mark
|A model for monitoring the Website development process in the public sector is proposed and tested empirically with a sample of local government Websites. Four factors in the matrix of the framework--publicity, local service, differentiation and participation--together with two dimensions of attracting and delivering were proved to be important…
Purpose – The purpose of this study is to investigate the external cues on apparel websites that encourage impulse buying. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Focus group interviews were first conducted to identify potential external cues on apparel websites. The findings from the focus group interviews were then used to create an appropriate coding guide. A content analysis of 60 apparel
Many parents of children with autism search the Internet to learn more about the condition. Unfortunately, variability in Website quality, low literacy levels, and language barriers may prevent them from finding reliable information. To assist parents in locating high quality resources, this article provides an annotated list of Websites on health aspects of autism. Both a health sciences
An intuitive library information gateway is critical to meeting the information needs of library users in the digital age. This article describes the process involved in redesigning a library Website. In addition to first determining the goals and requirements for the library Website, a user and task analysis was conducted for defining the library’s user base and the
22 Ç Foreign Relations Ç 1 Ç 2009-04-01 Ç 2009-04-01 Ç false Ç Internet Website publication. Ç 181.9 Ç Section 181.9 Ç Foreign Relations Ç DEPARTMENT OF STATE Ç INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS Ç COORDINATION, REPORTING AND PUBLICATION OF INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS Ç Â§ 181.9 Ç Internet Website...
This research paper explores the communicative practice of designing websites to accelerate the market adoption of energy-efficient and renewable energy technologies within the U.S. home building industry. In today's world, the Internet is increasingly used as a communication tool in market transformation efforts. By studying the practice of website design through the lens of grounded practical theory this
|Traffic on Websites for young children (ages 3-12) has increased exponentially in recent years. Advocates proclaim that they are safe introductions to the Internet and online social networking and teach essential 21st-century skills. Critics note developmental concerns. In this article, we provide basic information about Websites for young…
Although the critical role of the Internet for disseminating environmental information to achieve sustainability is widely recognized, academic research has not paid much attention to the functionality and accessibility of environmental Websites maintained by organizations in the public or the voluntary sector. To fill this gap, the present study seeks to suggest ways in which environmental Websites could
Irene Pollach; Andreas Pinterits; Horst Treiblmaier
We present a web-based portal site for reverse engineer- ing software systems called REportal. REportal enables au- thorized users to upload their code to a secure website and then, through the guide of wizards, browse and analyze their code. Currently the portal services include code analysis, browsing, querying, and design extraction for C, C++, and Java programs. The REportal
Spiros Mancoridis; Timothy S. Souder; Yih-farn Chen; Emden R. Gansner; Jeffrey L. Korn
To what extent and how do medical and popular media discuss issues of quality when it comes to health Websites? The answer in brief is that while academic medical researchers are deeply concerned about the quality of Websites that center on health, the popular media hardly attend to this issue. A deeper answer to the question uncovers more
Joseph Turow; Kara Coluccio; Alyssa Hersh; Lee Humphreys; Lela Jacobsohn; Nadia Sawicki
The Internet has emerged as one way that organizations can engage their publics in dialogue. The purpose of this article is to explore Congressional Websites as spaces for government-constituent dialogue. An analysis of Congressional Websites (N = 100) and interviews with Congressional offices (N = 32) shows that Congressional representatives recognize the value of the Internet and the
In recent years, there has been an explosion in the number of Social Websites which allow the creation of knowledge through simplified user contributions via blogs, wikis, and the deployment of online social networks. As more Social Websites form around the connections between people and their objects of interest, and as these “object?centered networks” grow bigger and more
Sheila Kinsella; Alexandre Passant; John G. Breslin; Stefan Decker; Ajit Jaokar
Students are asked, as individuals in a team, to critically review the draft of a multimedia website authored by another team in my course. Student must follow a template with 5 review criteria, and submit their review to each member of the website author team and to me. Please see the handout below for instructions I give to students for this activity.
Traffic on Websites for young children (ages 3-12) has increased exponentially in recent years. Advocates proclaim that they are safe introductions to the Internet and online social networking and teach essential 21st-century skills. Critics note developmental concerns. In this article, we provide basic information about Websites for young…
This paper explores three main areas, firstly, website accessibility guidelines; secondly, website accessibility tools and finally the implication of human factors in the process of implementing successful e-Government websites. It investigates the issues that make a website accessible and explores the importance placed on web usability and accessibility with respect to e-Government websites. It briefly examines accessibility guidelines, evaluation methods
Social media are becoming increasingly popular and have attracted considerable attention from spammers. Using a sample of more than ninety thousand known spam Websites, we found between 7% to 18% of their URLs are posted on two popular social media Websites, digg.com and de- licious.com. In this paper, we present a co-classiflcation framework to detect Web spam and
\\u000a In this paper, we describe a method for discovering knowledge about users on a website from data composed of demographic\\u000a descriptions and site navigations. The goal is to obtain knowledge that is useful to answer two types of questions: (1) how\\u000a do site users visit a website? (2) Who are these users? Our approach is based on the
Karine Chevalier; Cécile Bothorel; Vincent Corruble
This 2 × 3 experiment investigated the impact of Web-based political campaigns on viewers. Three distinct sites were created as stimuli: the first is positive about the feature candidate, the second is negative toward his or her opponent, and the third contains both positive and negative messages. Subjects viewed identical Websites sponsored by the feature candidate and by an interest group.
As the Internet continues to grow, users are increasingly faced with the problem of evaluating the trustworthiness of Websites. This paper presents the results of two studies conducted to determine how people approach this situation. The researchers "gathered the comments people wroteÂabout each site's credibility and analyzed these comments to track which features of a Website were noticed (or went unnoticed)" when considering credibility. Eighteen aspects of Website design are ranked according to their importance as reported by the study's subjects. The results are quite surprising, because many of the critical items were rated lower than the more aesthetic ones.
Tauber, Ellen R.; Stanford, Julianne.; Marable, Leslie.; Danielsen, David.; Soohoo, Cathy.; Fogg, B. J.
In 2006 the Institute of Medicine (IOM) concluded that food marketing was a contributor to childhood obesity in the United States. One recommendation of the IOM committee was for research on newer marketing venues, such as Internet Websites. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to answer the IOM's call by examining food marketing on popular children's Websites. Ten Websites were selected based on market research conducted by KidSay, which identified favorite sites of children aged 8 to 11 years during February 2005. Using a standardized coding form, these sites were examined page by page for the existence, type, and features of food marketing. Websites were compared using chi2 analyses. Although food marketing was not pervasive on the majority of the sites, seven of the 10 Websites contained food marketing. The products marketed were primarily candy, cereal, quick serve restaurants, and snacks. Candystand.com, a food product site, contained a significantly greater amount of food marketing than the other popular children's Websites. Because the foods marketed to children are not consistent with a healthful diet, nutrition professionals should consider joining advocacy groups to pressure industry to reduce online food marketing directed at youth. PMID:18375231
From e-government integration viewpoint, LifeEvent is a collection of actions including at least one public service, which executed in its designated workflow to fulfil request of a citizen arising from a new real-life situation. The purpose of this study is to provide technical guidelines for extending Ontology Web Language for Services (OWL-S), which can provide technical support for LifeEvent Ontology
|It is difficult to conceive how Web users from different cultures can be encouraged to reap the benefits of an e-government initiative when its portal is suffering from culture-indifferent interface quality. Thus far, the e-government literature not only has paid scanty attention to web evaluation issues but also has been slow to embarking on…
...false Public reading room facility and Website. 2604.201 Section 2604.201... FOIA Public Reading Room Facility and WebSite; Index Identifying Information for...201 Public reading room facility and Website. (a)(1) Location of...
...false Public reading room facility and Website. 2604.201 Section 2604.201... FOIA Public Reading Room Facility and WebSite; Index Identifying Information for...201 Public reading room facility and Website. (a)(1) Location of...
Background The Web has become an important and influential source of health information. With the vast number of Websites on the Internet, users often resort to popular search sites when searching for information. However, little is known about the characteristics of Websites returned by simple Web searches for information about smoking cessation for teenagers. Objective To determine the characteristics of Websites retrieved by search engines about smoking cessation for teenagers and how information quality correlates with the search ranking. Methods The top 30 sites returned by 4 popular search sites in response to the search terms "teen quit smoking" were examined. The information relevance and quality characteristics of these sites were evaluated by 2 raters. Objective site characteristics were obtained using a page-analysis Website. Results Only 14 of the 30 Websites are of direct relevance to smoking cessation for teenagers. The readability of about two-thirds of the 14 sites is below an eighth-grade school level and they ranked significantly higher (Kendall rank correlation, tau = -0.39, P= .05) in search-site results than sites with readability above or equal to that grade level. Sites that ranked higher were significantly associated with the presence of e-mail address for contact (tau = -0.46, P= .01), annotated hyperlinks to external sites (tau = -0.39, P= .04), and the presence of meta description tag (tau = -0.48, P= .002). The median link density (number of external sites that have a link to that site) of the Web pages was 6 and the maximum was 735. A higher link density was significantly associated with a higher rank (tau = -0.58, P= .02). Conclusions Using simple search terms on popular search sites to look for information on smoking cessation for teenagers resulted in less than half of the sites being of direct relevance. To improve search efficiency, users could supplement results obtained from simple Web searches with human-maintained Web directories and learn to refine their searches with more advanced search syntax.
More women are frequently referring to the Internet for health information, yet the readability of information about menopause on the Internet has not been widely studied. To address this gap, this study examined the readability of information about menopause on 25 Internet Websites. Findings included that information on the Websites had a reading level higher than the recommended sixth-grade level, and culturally appropriate health information was lacking. Health educators and practitioners are in a pivotal role to help women understand information useful for healthcare decisions. Several criteria are discussed to help practitioners evaluate Websites. PMID:23098043
With the end of FUSE operations at Johns Hopkins, the long time FUSE project web presence is being transferred to an expanded archival website hosted at the Multi-mission Archive at Space Telescope (MAST). MAST and FUSE project personnel are working together to permanently preserve the historical, technical, and scientifically important FUSE information within MAST, as well as provide access to the nearly 6,000 FUSE observations which have been fully reprocessed with CalFUSE 3.2. The MAST/FUSE website will serve archival users, technical users, educators and the general public. The official website transition from JHU to MAST occurred in January 2009. The MAST/FUSE web page can be accessed at the URL http://archive.stsci.edu/fuse.
Levay, K. L.; Blair, W. P.; Thompson, R. W.; Romelfanger, M. L.; Kruk, J. W.; Dixon, W. V.; Caplinger, J.; Smith, M. A.
Using WebQtiests for inquiry-based learning represents a higher-order use of technology requiring students to exercise information seeking, analyzing, and synthesizing strategies. This research was designed to obtain a better understanding of how to enhance the peda- gogical effectiveness ofWebQuests and of how students interact with the various features inherent to informational Websites. A major objective was to examine the
Using WebQuests for inquiry-based learning represents a higher-order use of technology requiring students to exercise information seeking, analyzing, and synthesizing strategies. This research was designed to obtain a better understanding of how to enhance the pedagogical effectiveness of WebQuests and of how students interact with the various features inherent to informational Websites. A major objective was to examine the
With the emergence of the World Wide Web, analyzing and improving Web communication has become essential to adapt the Web\\u000a content to the visitors’ expectations. Web communication analysis is traditionally performed by Web analytics software, which\\u000a produce long lists of page-based audience metrics. These results suffer from page synonymy, page polysemy, page temporality,\\u000a and page volatility. In addition, the metrics
The module provides concrete, practice guidance to help organizations improve the security of their networked computer systems. It describes a set of practices that can increase the security of public web servers and the host organization's networks on wh...
Finding bioterrorism-related information on the World Wide Web can be laborious. We hope to help readers find such information more easily by summarizing essential information in a consistent framework. A panel of 7 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reviewers identified Websites and evaluated them for sponsorship, mission, content usefulness, online ease of use, and adherence to commonly accepted
Natalie E. Ferguson; Lynn Steele; Carol Y. Crawford; Nathan L. Huebner; Jamila C. Fonseka; Jason C. Bonander; Matthew J. Kuehnert
|Darren Crovitz explains that the explosive growth of Web-based content and communication in recent years compels us to teach students how to examine the "rhetorical nature and ethical dimensions of the online world." He demonstrates successful approaches to accomplish this goal through his analysis of the selling techniques of two Websites…
We present architectures and algorithms for efficiently serving dynamic data at highly accessed Websites together with the results of an analysis motivating our design and quantifying its performance benefits. This includes algorithms for keeping cached data consistent so that dynamic pages can be cached at the Web server and dynamic content can be served at the performance level of
James R. Challenger; Paul Dantzig; Arun Iyengar; Mark S. Squillante; Li Zhang
Health websites are an abundant and frequently used source of information and advice. How are users of such sites persuaded to trust the advice they read and to act upon it? In this short paper we outline a model of trust in online health advice and highlight the key features in relation to both traditional web 1.0 websites and web
|The size and dynamism of the Web poses challenges for all its stakeholders, which include producers/consumers of content, and advertisers who want to place advertisements next to relevant content. A critical piece of information for the stakeholders is the demographics of the consumers who are likely to visit a given website. However, predicting…
|Classroom Websites have the potential to support and enhance student learning by targeting 21st century skills, such as collaboration among teachers, students, parents, and other teachers, media literacy, and interpersonal and self-directional skills, as well as thinking and problem-solving skills. Web 2.0 tools such as blogs, vokis, and…
Tingen, Jennifer; Philbeck, Lauren; Holcomb, Lori B.
After several decades of computer program construction there emerged a set of principles that provided guidance to produce more manageable programs. With the emergence of the plethora of Internet websites one wonders if similar guidelines are followed in their construction. Since this is a new technology no apparent universally accepted methods have emerged to guide the designer in Web
Mass media plays a critical role in communicating health messages to the public. Local television stations are posting more health content on the Web; however, the difficulty level of this information has not been evaluated. Study objectives were to assess the content of health stories on local television Websites, and to evaluate the reading level of these health messages.
|Discusses how libraries can gather data on the use of their Websites. Highlights include Web server log files, including the common log file, referrer log file, and agent log file; log file limitations; privacy concerns; and choosing log analysis software, both free and commercial. (LRW)|
The RCSB Protein Data Bank (RCSB PDB) website (http://www.pdb.org) has been redesigned to increase usability and to cater to a larger and more diverse user base. This article describes key enhancements and new features that fall into the following categories: (i) query and analysis tools for chemical structure searching, query refinement, tabulation and export of query results; (ii) website customization and new structure alerts; (iii) pair-wise and representative protein structure alignments; (iv) visualization of large assemblies; (v) integration of structural data with the open access literature and binding affinity data; and (vi) web services and web widgets to facilitate integration of PDB data and tools with other resources. These improvements enable a range of new possibilities to analyze and understand structure data. The next generation of the RCSB PDB website, as described here, provides a rich resource for research and education.
Rose, Peter W.; Beran, Bojan; Bi, Chunxiao; Bluhm, Wolfgang F.; Dimitropoulos, Dimitris; Goodsell, David S.; Prlic, Andreas; Quesada, Martha; Quinn, Gregory B.; Westbrook, John D.; Young, Jasmine; Yukich, Benjamin; Zardecki, Christine; Berman, Helen M.; Bourne, Philip E.
|Proposes a two-tiered model for analyzing website usage statistics for academic libraries: one tier for library administrators that analyzes measures indicating library use, and a second tier for website managers that analyzes measures aiding in server maintenance and site design. Discusses the technology of website usage statistics, and…
|Describes the works of eight Australian children's authors: Mem Fox, Paul Jennings; Jeannie Baker, Gary Crew, Libby Gleeson, Morris Gleitzman, Margaret Wild, and Ron Brooks. Provides links to their websites. (PM)|
Underscoring its commitment to the growing population of cancer survivors, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) today unveiled the Office of Cancer Survivorship's (OCS) newly designed, easy-to-navigate Website.
... FDA Issues Cyber-Letters to WebSites Selling Unapproved Foreign Ciprofloxacin (11/1/2001). The Food and Drug Administration ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/emergencypreparedness/bioterrorismanddrugpreparedness
|New economy corporate Websites have pioneered exciting techniques-rich media, interactivity, personalization, community, and integration of much third-party content. Discusses business-to-business (B2B) Web commerce, with examples of several B2B corporate sites; portal and content elements of these sites; and corporate content outlooks. (AEF)|
In this paper, the results of a front-page genre analysis of 290 Swedish municipality Websites are presented, and the appropriateness of the identified design solutions are discussed. Seven municipality Website genres are identified: notice-board, newspaper, brochure, promotion, commercial, portal, and filter. We discuss how the municipality genres are related to each other, and to other genres, as mix-genres
This research reports how banner ads are responded to in Websites that emphasize either emotion or cognition. It also looks\\u000a at the moderating effects of individuals’ own levels of need for cognition and need for emotion on banner responsiveness in\\u000a the two kinds of Websites. Recall and attitude toward banners are consistently better when their context is an
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the best practices in website redesign the authors established for its two interconnected parts, the web development process and web design. The paper demonstrates how best practices were applied to coordinate a library website redesign project and to engineer the website for optimum usability, resulting in the
The purpose of this study is to determine the Web presence of the hospital medical library on the public Websites of the 10 top-ranked hospitals in the United States, with a focus on the top-ranked hospital, Johns Hopkins Medicine. The navigation elements of the top 10 U.S. hospitals were examined, particularly the navigation bars, menus, and site search engines.
The Web userpsilas behavior can be affected from the Website quality i.e shortly speaking from the fact the Website allows for an efficient spread of information. Therefore there is a need of having Website quality measurements and of obtaining information on how to improve the communication performance of a Website. Usability is in principle the measurement for evaluating the ease
In the age of information technology and with the rapid growth of the World Wide Web, the spectacular growth trend in e-business, that has been experienced so far, is expected to continue. Since the introduction of the first commercial website in 1994, electronic commerce has spread across the globe as a marketing, sales, and communication phenomenon, changing the fact of
Nowadays, information is primarily searched on the WWW. From a user perspective, the readability is an important cri- terion for measuring the accessibility and thereby the quality of an information. We show that modern content extraction algorithms help to estimate the readability of a web docu- ment quite accurate.
This article updates the findings from a study by Hal Kirkwood in 2000 of the organization and content of academic business library Websites. The authors examined 75 sites, focusing on five general aspects of the sites: organization, terminology, instructional elements, integration of resources across formats, and annotations. Results of the study show that business library Websites have dramatically improved
Now available on the Internet is a website for the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program- High Plains Regional Ground-Water Study. The purpose of the website is to provide public access to a wide variety of information on the USGS investigation of the ground-water resources within the High Plains aquifer system. Typical pages on the website include the following: descriptions of the High Plains NAWQA, the National NAWQA Program, the study-area setting, current and past activities, significant findings, chemical and ancillary data (which can be downloaded), listing and access to publications, links to other sites about the High Plains area, and links to other websites studying High Plains ground-water resources. The High Plains aquifer is a regional aquifer system that underlies 174,000 square miles in parts of eight States (Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming). Because the study area is so large, the Internet is an ideal way to provide project data and information on a near real-time basis. The website will be a collection of living documents where project data and information are updated as it becomes available throughout the life of the project. If you have an interest in the High Plains area, you can check this site periodically to learn how the High Plains NAWQA activities are progressing over time and access new data and publications as they become available.
...Information Collection: Exchange Programs Alumni WebSite Registration ACTION: Notice of request...comments by any of the following methods: Web: Persons with access to the Internet may...Information Collection: Exchange Programs Alumni Website Registration OMB Control...
\\u000a In the United States, e-government is a complex mix of federal, state, and local governments; technologies; service paradigms;\\u000a and policies. There is no single approach to e-government, with a range of e-government applications and set of e-government\\u000a technologies in effect. Agencies and levels of government have different mandates and approaches regarding e-government, leaving\\u000a users on their own to identify and
This research examined the personality of owners of personal Websites based on self-reports, visitors' ratings, and the content of the Websites. The authors compared a large sample of Website owners with population-wide samples on the Big Five dimensions of personality. Controlling for demographic differences, the average Website owner reported being slightly less extraverted and more open
This study aims to investigate how Singapore primary schools use their websites, what kind of information is contained in the websites, and how the information is presented. Based on an analysis of 176 primary school websites, which represent all but one of the country’s primary schools, findings indicate that most of Singapore’s primary school websites contain
...2010-01-01 false Requirements for Website registration or alternative e-mail...2010) Â§ 1130.8 Requirements for Website registration or alternative e-mail...registration page. The manufacturer's Website, or other Website established...
We assessed online sexual health information quality and accuracy and the utility of website quality indicators. In reviewing 177 sexual health websites, we found below average quality but few inaccuracies. Websites with the most technically complex information and\\/or controversial topics contained the most inaccuracies. We found no association between inaccurate information and website quality.
Eric R. Buhi; Ellen M. Daley; Alison Oberne; Sarah A. Smith; Tali Schneider; Hollie J. Fuhrmann
This site offers many creative ideas for astronomy teachers. There is information on new teaching approaches, new textbook sites, new labs or observing exercises, and several places teachers can get more resources.
This paper is an assessment of the use of CancerHelp UK, a Website developed as a resource for people living with cancer. Attitudes to the use of the site were examined through interviews with 23 patients and relatives in a two-phase pilot study. The analysis of the data was conducted within a framework derived from activity theory which focused
S Tweddle; C James; H Daniels; D Davies; P Harvey; N James; J Mossman; E Woolf
|Describes the creation of a classification system with a common vocabulary for discussing educational Websites, both formal and informal education, and looking for trends in exemplary sites. Categories include instructional; learning activities; content collection; links; reference; teacher resources; vicarious participation; interpersonal…
|Compares the use of enhanced television features and television commerce features on the Websites of cable and broadcast television networks. Shows differences in strategies and site usability; proposes three enhanced television strategy models; and discusses implications on television revenue and viewership. (Author/LRW)|
|Websites that allow borrowers to compare student loans proliferated in the wake of last year's scandals that exposed conflicts of interest in the lending industry. Now the credit crunch is shifting demand for loan-comparison sites again, providing both new challenges and opportunities. More financial-aid officers are also pointing their students…
CIC library Websites were examined to determine how diversity related to collections was represented. As diversity in collection development is frequently highlighted by broader diversity initiatives, other diversity pages on these sites were explored as well. In the majority of cases, neither diversity collection development nor diversity was…
Emergency Medicine (EM) residency program websites are an important tool that programs use to attract applicants. However, there are only a few studies examining the aspects of a program's website that are most important to EM applicants. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 142 prospective residency applicants interviewing for an EM position at one of three EM residency programs for the 2003 match. The survey demonstrated that almost all applicants researched EM programs online. The majority (71%) identified geographic location as the most important factor in applying to a specific program. Approximately 40% considered an easily navigated website as very/moderately important to their application decision-making process. Rotation schedule was also important in applicant decision-making. The Internet is a significant source of information to the majority of applicants in EM. Online information from programs' websites, although not as significant as geography, influences an applicant's choice of where to apply for a residency position. An easily navigated, complete website may improve the recruitment of candidates to EM residency programs. PMID:18439790
Mahler, Simon A; Wagner, Mary-Jo; Church, Amy; Sokolosky, Mitchell; Cline, David M
As the Internet continues to grow as a delivery medium for health information, the design of effective Websites becomes increasingly important. In this paper, the authors provide an overview of one effective model for Website design, a user-centered process that includes techniques for needs assessment, goal/task analysis, user interface design, and rapid prototyping. They detail how this approach was employed to design a family health history Website, Health Heritage . This Website helps patients record and maintain their family health histories in a secure, confidential manner. It also supports primary care physicians through analysis of health histories, identification of potential risks, and provision of health care recommendations. Visual examples of the design process are provided to show how the use of this model resulted in an easy-to-use Website that is likely to meet user needs. The model is effective across diverse content arenas and is appropriate for applications in varied media.
Kinzie, Mable B.; Cohn, Wendy F.; Julian, Marti F.; Knaus, William A.
This project entails content analysis of 200 websites for authors commonly taught in university-level American literature survey courses. Using a faceted classification scheme to categorize site content, the researchers explore the extent to which consistency has developed in the scope and content of Websites for authors in the canon of American literature. The goal is to identify both the
This dissertation explores how companies communicate their ethical stance on their Websites. The author analyzed the Websites of six companies: BellSouth, Lockheed Martin, Ben & Jerry's, McDonald's, Nike, and Levi Strauss. This sample offers both typicality and systematic variety as the six companies belong to three different ethics paradigms. The linguistic analysis of the Web pages draws on
In order to assist bottom-up efforts by administrations annotating their Web resources with adequate metadata, we introduce and follow an activity-based approach towards development and use of ontologies for e-govern- ment services. Specifically, we analyze two scenarios related to e-government services through identifying goals and activities of administrations and their clients, on the basis of which we determine the need
A social networking Website, Facebook, was used to deliver long-term sport psychology consultation services to student-athletes (i.e., soccer players) in 30- to 60-min weekly sessions. Additional short-term team building, group cohesion, communication, anger management, injury rehabilitation, mental toughness, commitment, and leadership workshops were provided. Cohesion and overall relationships between both the student-athletes and the sport psychology consultants benefited from this process. Social networking Websites offer a practical way of providing sport psychology consulting services that does not require use of major resources. PMID:22867127
An examination of prior Web pages shows that the typical university will sometimes make a dis- continuous change to its Website (i.e., a sudden, major shift in a Website between two points in time). This exploratory empirical study examines reasons for such discontinuous changes, survey- ing university Webmasters at a variety of institutions where discontinuous Website changes
On July 27, 2009 the United States Government Office of Management and Budget (OMB) publicized its intent to review the nine-year-old prohibition of web tracking technologies such as cookies on Federal agency websites. OMB cited its need to continue to protect the public's privacy while visiting Federal Government websites, while at the same time “making these websites
This study investigated the short term effects of viewing presidential candidate World Wide Web (WWW) sites (George W. Bush or Al Gore) on attitudes toward issues and character. Participants spent 15 minutes viewing either Bush's or Gore's site (a control group viewed a nonpolitical Web page). Results reveal that these sites do influence voters. Those who viewed Gore's WWW site
Maintained and created by Richard Hathaway, an educator at the State University of New York at New Paltz, this site is a compendium of links and writings by and about the American writer Henry James. The site begins with a collection of electronic texts of James' works. Some of the more recent additions include short stories that James wrote specifically for The Atlantic Monthly during the 1860s. While the site cannot be searched in its entirety, a table of contents provides some assistance for those hoping to navigate its sections. The contents include such topics as Henry James conferences, Finding other etexts, The Henry James E-Journal, and an on-line discussion group. The section dealing with writings by and about James will be of great interest to scholars and students, as it includes links to study guides and musings on his great works by other noted authors and scholars.
The Swiss Bankers Association provides this site, listing "all currently known dormant [bank] accounts" that were opened prior to the end of World War II by non-Swiss Citizens. The list can be browsed alphabetically, and contains only name and available information on last reported town and country. Also included is a listing of those given power of attorney by the account holders, as well as information on the individuals who gave power of attorney. This site provides information on how to file a claim, a claim form, and a list of contact offices for Ernst & Young, creators of this site. This list is an attempt by the SBA to "find the rightful owners of dormant accounts that were opened in Swiss banks prior to and during World War II." It is important in light of the recent news about the whereabouts of Holocaust victims' assets (discussed in the May 16, 1997 Scout Report).
In the past decades most HCI studies in Websites focused on cognitive aspects, their primary concern has been about how to help users work more efficiently with computers. However, as Dillon argued people must agree that much of what we do as humans is driven by emotional and affective factors. There are many studies providing evidence that emotion can
|Surprisingly, many tools exist on the web that can help sites become more inviting and easier to use. By now, many are probably familiar with the free tools offered by Flickr, del.icio.us, or YouTube for embedding images, tags, and videos on webpages. This article presents a comprehensive list of some perhaps lesser-known but equally useful tools…
This paper deals with techniques for reducing the amount of work that needs to be redone each semester when one prepares an existing course Website for a new class. The key concept is algorithmic generation of common page elements while still allowing full control over page content via WYSIWYG tools like Microsoft FrontPage and Macromedia…
Having an inviting Website that is easy to navigate and provides necessary information is vital to any organization. People who go online have high expectations regardless of whether they are online for work or personal reasons. In the academic world, many colleges and universities use the Internet as a tool for recruiting students. These educational institutions know that parents
Summary Koreans are fast-growing Asian immigrant groups. Immigration experienced a stressful adjustment process in new norms, languages, and social conditions. Immigrants, generally have limited access to health facilities because of most immigrants come from places with differing health beliefs and health care systems. Websites on the Internet are excellent resources for the public consumers to gain health care knowledge.
This article presents a selection of web-based reference resources in the earth and physical sciences, focusing in particular on geology, chemistry, physics, astronomy, and weather. Such a compilation is designed to be of use in meeting a wide range of informational needs in these areas. Sites chosen by the authors are those likely to be of broad interest. In addition,
This article examines access to electronic books as provided on theWebsites of academic libraries in the Association of Research Libraries (ARL). Our goal was to discover the ways in which that access occurs and to analyze the merit of the various approaches. We found some common barriers to access, as well as many cases of exemplary access. Many libraries
Purpose – The use of social networking websites (SNWs), like Facebook and MySpace, has become extremely popular, particularly with today's emerging workforce. Employers, aware of this phenomenon, have begun to use the personal information available on SNWs to make hiring decisions. The purpose of this paper is to examine the feasibility of using applicant personal information currently available on
This guide presents a selection of the most authoritative, informative and useful Websites for today's college and university American literature students and scholars. Nearly 300 American authors whose works are features in the most recent editions of widely used literature anthologies are included in this volume. A chronological arrangement…
Are excessively high reading levels creating a barrier for parents seeking information about autism on the Internet? Although the average American reads at the eighth grade level, medical information is frequently written above the twelfth grade level. Readability of 14 autism consumer health Websites was determined. The average reading score on the Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level Index was grade 11.9
The Journal of Finance Website disseminates research expediently to a broad audience. Papers were downloaded 284,170 times from November 1997 to Novem- ber 1999. The average paper receives 85 downloads per month and is available 10 months before publication. Articles are downloaded more than shorter papers. Lead articles are downloaded more than other articles because they are of greater
|Describes a detailed case study on wetlands in Oregon that the author has mounted as a Website for business communication courses. Notes that the case itself is complex and multifaceted offering seemingly limitless opportunities for adaptation to individual business communication courses. (SR)|
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to assess the extent to which the news is discussed in social network websites. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This article reports a quantitative analysis of the text of 26,953 Windows Live Spaces from September 2006 to February 2007 using a heuristic designed to detect news discussions. In addition, a comparative link and page
|A survey of 54 Canadian travel agencies identified various factors determining the assimilation of electronic commerce by small enterprises in the form of informational, transactional, and strategic implementation of a Website. Results indicate informational implementation and transactional implementation are determined by the environmental…
The City of Staunton was founded in the 1740's in the central Shenandoah Valley of Virginia along the trail that evolved into the Great Philadelphia Wagon Road, the main land route south, which wound down the western frontier of Colonial America from Pennsylvania to Georgia. Staunton's architectural ambience is nineteenth century -- site includes a walking tour of five historic districts with easy-to-download photos.
The National Marine Mammal Laboratory's Education Website, which targets K-12 learners, provides basic information on marine mammals, including whales (baleen and toothed, dolphins, and porpoises). Still under construction, the site will eventually provide pages on seals, sea lions, walruses, manatees, and dugongs. Educational tools currently include a Marine Mammal Quiz and a List of Endangered Marine Mammals. Additional information covers careers in marine mammal science. For more advanced information on marine mammal research, see the National Marine Mammal Laboratory homepage.
Perhaps best known for his novels "Treasure Island" and "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde," Robert Louis Stevenson receives a fine tribute on this site, which serves both as a compendium of links, and as a nice resource for primary documents and writings by, and about, this notable 19th century writer. Created and maintained by Richard Drury, a graduate of the University of Manchester and a professor at the Universita di Bergamo, the site contains a number of thematic sections that address Stevenson's life, available online electronic editions of his works, and extended bibliographies. Visitors unfamiliar with the life of this rather fascinating man may want to start by reading one of the online essays about his life, or by diving right into one of the electronic editions of his works. Of particular interest to Stevenson scholars and aficionados will be the "Critical Reception" area of the site that explores the ways in which his work has been received over the past century or so.
With his truly remarkable dynamism and technique, it is no wonder that Buddy Rich eventually acquired the title of World's Greatest Drummer. One of the most popular and renowned jazz drummers, Rich began life in 1917, and by the age of 4 he was a solo performer known by his vaudeville act moniker, Traps the Drum Wonder. Rich went on to join the Tommy Dorsey band in 1939, and later went on to front his own bands until his death in 1987. Created by the estate of Buddy Rich and his family, this site is a compelling tribute to his tremendous talent and musical legacy. Visitors to the site can read a brief biographical essay on Rich, read about his career highlights (which include his many Downbeat awards), and take a look through a photo gallery which features Rich with a number of his contemporaries, such as Mel Torme, Frank Sinatra, and his long time drumming competitor, the late Gene Krupa. The site is rounded out by a nice selection of clips from some of Rich's more notable recordings, such as the West Side Story suite and Big Swing Face.
The World Wide Web solutions are increasingly endorsed by several levels of government in order to deliver all kinds of the so-called e-government services. To face the complexity of joint design and development procedures, it is imperative to adopt a web modelling language such as the WebML. In this work, we propose a methodology that enhances the ability to detect,
|Exploiting and contextualizing free information is a natural part of library culture. In this column, Gary Roberts, the information systems and reference librarian at Herrick Library, Alfred University in Alfred, NY, describes how to use XML content on a Website to link to hundreds of free and useful resources. He gives a general overview of the…
|Uses multimedia to create a constructivist learning experience and to innovate a multimedia constructivist learning model based on a course at Multimedia University (Malaysia). Assessed students' problem solving skills and ability to evaluate a Website's design, creativity, and navigational structure by requiring them to reconstruct and improve…
Abstract Objective: Unmet health needs experienced by new mothers may potentially be reduced by the use of Internet-based information, advice, decision support, and social networking. New mothers' Website preferences must be understood in order to develop successful Internet-delivered healthcare information. The purpose of this study is to determine the Website preferences of new mothers in order to better design health resources distributed through the Internet. Materials and Methods: Data were derived from two open-ended questions in a larger survey of new mothers of varying incomes and racial/ethnic groups (n=145). The questions focused on mothers' favorite Websites and their favorite aspect of the Websites. Content analysis was used to condense data into descriptive categories. Results: Mothers most frequently chose commercial search engines, followed by social networking sites, as their favorite Websites. Mothers' most frequently mentioned favorite attributes of the Websites were, first, the ability to interact with other users, and then ease of navigation, access, and use. Except for a difference in favorite Website associated with maternal age, Websites and their most liked attributes did not differ by demographic characteristics. Conclusions: New mothers' Website preferences offer preliminary guidance for designers of e-health resources for this population. An expanded survey with more detailed questions about preferences and devices would further refine this knowledge base. PMID:24053113
A new Web resource provides the public with peer-reviewed scientific and technical information about the need for safe drinking water and strategies to enhance the safety and availability of water supplies around the world. Developed by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and the Global Health and Education Foundation, the ``Safe Drinking Water is Essential'' Website (http://www.drinking-water.org) presents data and case studies written for a lay audience and aims to provide international decision-makers with tools to solve local water quality problems.
In recent years, several information retrieval methods using information about the Web-links are developed, such as HITS and Trawling. In order to analyze the Web-links dividing into links inside each Website (local-links) and links between Websites (global-links) for the information retrieval, it is required that a proper model of the Website, a phrase used ambiguously in daily
The purpose of this study was to investigate how federated search engines are incorporated into the Websites of libraries in the Association of Research Libraries. In 2009, information was gathered for each library in the Association of Research Libraries with a federated search engine. This included the name of the federated search service and…
|The purpose of this study was to investigate how federated search engines are incorporated into the Websites of libraries in the Association of Research Libraries. In 2009, information was gathered for each library in the Association of Research Libraries with a federated search engine. This included the name of the federated search service and…
|Library Websites must compete against easy-to-use sites, such as Google Scholar, Google Books, and Wikipedia, for students' time and attention. Library Websites must therefore be designed with aesthetics and user perceptions at the forefront. The Music and Performing Arts Library at Urbana-Champaign's Website was overcrowded and in much need…
Revyu.com is a live, publicly accessible reviewing and rating Website, designed to be usable by humans whilst transparently generating machine- readable RDF metadata for the Semantic Web, based on their input. The site uses Semantic Web specifications such as RDF and SPARQL, and the latest Linked Data best practices to create a major node in a potentially Web-wide ecosystem
On the one side accessible Websites are becoming increasingly important in general and are a statutory provision in the context of eGovernment. On the other side the trend of creating Web 2.0 based applications is growing exponentially due to the richness of graphical user interfaces, effects, high interactivity and collective intelligence potentials that Web 2.0 based applications can provide.
An Ocean Instruments website has been developed that makes available information about ocean sampling and measurement instruments and platforms. The site features text, pictures, diagrams and background information written or edited by experts in ocean science and engineering and contains links to glossaries and multimedia technologies including video streaming, audio packages, and searchable databases. The site was developed after advisory meetings with selected professors teaching undergraduate classes who responded to the question, what could Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution supply to enhance undergraduate education in ocean sciences, life sciences, and geosciences? Prototypes were developed and tested with students, potential users, and potential contributors. The site is hosted by WHOI. The initial five instruments featured were provided by four WHOI scientists and engineers and by one Sea Education Association faculty member. The site is now open to contributions from scientists and engineers worldwide. The site will not advertise or promote the use of individual ocean instruments.
The HapMap Website at http://www.hapmap.org is the primary portal to genotype data produced as part of the International Haplotype Map Project. In phase I of the project, >1.1 million SNPs were genotyped in 270 individuals from four worldwide populations. The HapMap Website provides researchers with a number of tools that allow them to analyze the data as well as download data for local analyses. This paper presents step-by-step guides to using those tools, including guides for retrieving genotype and frequency data, picking tag-SNPs for use in association studies, viewing haplotypes graphically, and examining marker-to-marker LD patterns.
Thorisson, Gudmundur A.; Smith, Albert V.; Krishnan, Lalitha; Stein, Lincoln D.
this paper, we report on the recent advancementsof our research on designing and developing Web applicationscarried on in the framework of the Araneusproject . In particular, we concentrate on two issueswe consider critical in this context:ffl the impact of a model-based approach on the sitedesign and development process (in Section 2);ffl the need to evolve from static catalogue sites tofull-fledged
Giansalvatore Mecca; Paolo Merialdo; Paolo Atzeni; Valter Crescenzi
\\u000a All citizens have the right to access information from their government. At both the federal and state levels in the United\\u000a States, citizens with impairments expect the same access to government information as anyone else. When government information\\u000a is available on a website, that information must be accessible for people with impairments. People with perceptual, motor,\\u000a and\\/or cognitive impairments
J. Lazar; P. Beavan; J. Brown; D. Coffey; B. Nolf; R. Poole; R. Turk; V. Waith; T. Wall; K. Weber; B. Wenger
Russell (Dangerous relationships: Pornography, misogyny, and rape, 1988) argued that essential features of pornography were\\u000a the inclusion of more female than male nakedness and the portrayal of men in dominant roles. Utilizing a sample of 45 Internet\\u000a adult websites, a content analysis was conducted to see if free and easily available Internet adult videos may generally\\u000a be described as
Stacy Gorman; Elizabeth Monk-Turner; Jennifer N. Fish
In this paper we propose a WUM recommender system, called SUGGEST 3.0, that dynamically generates links to pages that have not yet been visited by a user and might be of his potential interest. Differently from the recommender systems proposed so far, SUGGEST 3.0 does not make use of any off-line component, and is able to manage Websites made
In this paper we propose a WUM recommender system, called SUGGEST 3.0, that dynamically generates links to pages that have not yet been visited by a user and might be of his potential interest. Differently from the recommender systems proposed so far,SUGGEST 3.0 does not make use of any off-line component, and is able to manage Websites made up
The U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) Volcano Hazard Program (VHP) has launched a revised website that uses a map-based interface to display hazards information for U.S. volcanoes. The website is focused on better communication of hazards and background volcano information to our varied user groups by reorganizing content based on user needs and improving data display. The Home Page provides a synoptic view of the activity level of all volcanoes for which updates are written using a custom Google® Map. Updates are accessible by clicking on one of the map icons or clicking on the volcano of interest in the adjacent color-coded list of updates. The new navigation provides rapid access to volcanic activity information, background volcano information, images and publications, volcanic hazards, information about VHP, and the USGS volcano observatories. The Volcanic Activity section was tailored for emergency managers but provides information for all our user groups. It includes a Google® Map of the volcanoes we monitor, an Elevated Activity Page, a general status page, information about our Volcano Alert Levels and Aviation Color Codes, monitoring information, and links to monitoring data from VHP's volcano observatories: Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO), Long Valley Observatory (LVO), Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO), and Yellowstone Volcano Observatory (YVO). The YVO website was the first to move to the new navigation system and we are working on integrating the Long Valley Observatory website next. We are excited to continue to implement new geospatial technologies to better display our hazards and supporting volcano information.
Venezky, D. Y.; Graham, S. E.; Parker, T. J.; Snedigar, S. F.
...Section 508 accessibility standards for HHS Website content and communications materials...Section 508 accessibility standards for HHS Website content and communications materials...delivery via, an HHS-owned or -funded Website. (b) Accordingly,...
...Categorical Exclusion Survey Posted on DOT/FHWA WebSite AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration...survey review is now available on the FHWA Website, http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/map21, and FTA Website,...
The purpose of this paper is to explore the current status of the websites of the Faculties of Education (FOEs) in Turkey. Bearing this in mind, a "WebSite Assessment Form" comprising thirty-seven items was developed and the websites of the FOEs were evaluated with respect to "Content," "Currency," "Structure and Navigation" and "Visual Design"…
The quality of the Website is very important in that companies can attract customers by promoting various features of the Website. But so far it is not very clear which features of the Website are of key significance to the performance of an e-commerce company. In response to this problem, this paper attempts to present an integrated
This study evaluated the ministerial Websites of Government of Nepal to project the overall impression of government Websites in Nepal. It was found that of the twenty ministries only seventeen ministries (85 percent) had dedicated Websites and provided information and, in some cases, downloadable digital forms that could be filled in and submitted offline. However, the study
Purpose – Consumers as well as hotel websites are evolving, changing the requirements and expectations for online hotel room reservations. Building on previous research, the purpose of this paper is to explore hotel website design's influence on site appeal and likelihood to purchase. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The methodology incorporates both qualitative and quantitative methods. College-age participants visited hotel web
Purpose – Although research is emerging, the knowledge base on the evaluative determinants of the effectiveness of corporate employment websites is still limited. This paper attempts to narrow this gap by investigating how potential job applicants' evaluations of website content- and form-related attributes contribute to corporate employment website effectiveness. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach takes the form of
Marcel J. H. van Birgelen; Martin G. M. Wetzels; Willemijn M. van Dolen
Purpose – Although research is emerging, the knowledge base on the evaluative determinants of the effectiveness of corporate employment websites is still limited. This paper attempts to narrow this gap by investigating how potential job applicants' evaluations of website content- and form-related attributes contribute to corporate employment website effectiveness. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach takes the form of
Birgelen van M. J. H; M. G. M. Wetzels; Dolen van W. M
Many Australian small and medium sized businesses have websites that offer a range of facilities for the consumer: information provision, online ordering, and community participation. In a study carried out on Australian winery websites, it was observed that the smaller the winery, the less likely it was that it had a website. However, those small wineries that
Purpose – The key purpose of the present research is to learn whether businesses use website metrics to support business strategies and how website metrics used differ by website categories. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A combination of a preliminary telephone survey and an e-mail questionnaire survey was used to gather data. Potential respondents were contacted by phone to find
...Safety Measurement System (SMS) Public WebSite AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety...Safety Measurement System (SMS) public Website. FMCSA first announced the implementation...changes to the design of the SMS public Website that are the direct result of...
Purpose – This study aims to examine website heuristics and their influence on the likelihood to purchase. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A convenience sample of 28 participants was assigned a list of 30 hotel websites to evaluate according to predetermined criteria and open-ended questions. Findings – Results indicated that booking decisions are positively related to a website's aesthetic appeal.
Kelly Virginia Phelan; Natasa Christodoulidou; Cary C. Countryman; Leonard J. Kistner
...recipients with respect to charter registration Website. 604.16 Section 604.16 Transportation...Recipients With Respect to Charter Registration Website Â§ 604.16 Duties for recipients with respect to charter registration Website. Each recipient shall ensure...
...recipients with respect to charter registration Website. 604.16 Section 604.16 Transportation...Recipients With Respect to Charter Registration Website Â§ 604.16 Duties for recipients with respect to charter registration Website. Each recipient shall ensure...
Purpose – This study aims to understand the meaning of website connectedness from the consumer's point of view, and uncover the underlying meaning of emotional ties between visitors and websites. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study, conducted a netnography which uses three qualitative research methods: online interviews; diary analysis; and observation of website usage and behaviour. Seven respondents were
This paper describes the system and key techniques used for achieving performance and high availability at the official Website for the 1998 Olympic Winter Games which was one of the most popular Websites for the duration of the Olympic Games. The Website utilized thirteen SP2 systems scattered around the globe containing a total of 143 processors. A
|Objective: Determine child care providers' infant feeding knowledge, attitude and behavior changes after viewing the infant feeding Website and determine the effectiveness of the Website and bilingual educational materials. Design: Intervention and control groups completed an on-line pretest survey, viewed a Website for 3 months, and completed…
There is growing reliance on the websites for promotion of tourism and travel related product\\/services. Thus, identification of travel website effectiveness attributes based on traveller\\/internet users' expectation is necessary. This paper explores the travel website effectiveness attributes and their relationships with the intrinsic and extrinsic motivation of Malaysian travellers. Here an attempt is made in the context
...Docket No. 10041486-0186-01] Notice of WebSite Publication for the Climate Program...Office solicitation of grant proposals on its Website at http://www.climate.noaa...available on the Climate Program Office Website pertaining to the CPO's...
...RIN 1012-AA10 Amendments to ONRR's WebSite and Mailing Addresses and Payment Definitions...to chapter XII. This final rule amends Website and mailing addresses and payment definitions...this final rule, ONRR merely amends its Website and mailing addresses and payment...
...Establishment of a Commodity Import Approval Process WebSite AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection...of a new Plant Protection and Quarantine Website that will provide stakeholders with...comment on draft risk assessments. This Website will make the commodity import...
...FDA-2009-N-0576] Event Problem Codes WebSite; Center for Devices and Radiological...FDA) is announcing the availability of a Website where the Center for Devices and Radiological...FDA is announcing the availability of a Website that will make modifications to...
...2105-AE02 Posting of Flight Delay Data on WebSites AGENCY: Office of the Secretary...information to a reporting air carrier's Website from anytime between the 20th and 23rd...load flight performance data onto their Websites on Saturday, July 24, 2010,...
...2105-AE02 Posting of Flight Delay Data on WebSites AGENCY: Office of the Secretary...performance information to an air carrier's Website from anytime between the 20th and 23rd...to post flight delay data on carriers' Websites. Moreover, this change would...
To aid consumers in comparing prescription drug costs, many states have launched Websites to publish drug prices offered by local retail pharmacies. The current push to make retail pharmacy prices accessible to consumers is part of a much broader movement to increase price transparency throughout the health-care sector. Efforts to encourage price-based shopping for hospital and physician services have encountered widespread concerns, both on grounds that prices for complex services are difficult to measure and compare accurately and that quality varies substantially across providers. Experts agree, however, that prescription drugs are much easier to shop for than other, more complex health services. However, extensive gaps in available price information--the result of relying on Medicaid data--seriously hamper the effectiveness of state drug price-comparison Websites, according to a new study by the Center for Studying Health System Change (HSC). An alternative approach--requiring pharmacies to submit price lists to the states--would improve the usefulness of price information, but pharmacies typically oppose such a mandate. Another limitation of most state Websites is that price information is restricted to local pharmacies, when online pharmacies, both U.S. and foreign, often sell prescription drugs at substantially lower prices. To further enhance consumer shopping tools, states might consider expanding the types of information provided, including online pharmacy comparison tools, lists of deeply discounted generic drugs offered by discount retailers, and lists of local pharmacies offering price matches. PMID:18494180
|This paper proposes a collaborative approach to enhancing the student learning experience based on Web 2.0 principles. Specifically, wiki Websites are used by students for collaboration and for publication of course assignments, which are then shared with the class. Web 2.0 principles include: the Web as platform, harnessing collective…
|Learning is critical to both economic prosperity and social cohesion. E-government learning, which refers to the government's use of web-based technologies to facilitate learning about subjects that are useful to citizens, is relatively new, relevant, and potentially cost-effective. This work proposes and verifies that the technology acceptance…
The rapid growth in the number of health care related websites necessitates that medical librarians be able to evaluate the quality of the websites. By analysing the linked sources medical libraries web pages of nineteen of the top U.S. medical schools, this study used the citation analysis method. What was found with this bibliometric approach was a set of 78 most highly cited WWW sites out of thousands of cited links. The identification of the current, core section of health sciences related websites with a bibliometric method gives librarians and information scientists another approach for evaluating websites.
At present, hundreds of microbial genomes have been sequenced, and hundreds more are currently in the pipeline. The Virtual Institute for Microbial Stress and Survival has developed a publicly available suite of Web-based comparative genomic tools (http://www.microbesonline.org) designed to facilitate multispecies comparison among prokaryotes. Highlights of the MicrobesOnline Website include operon and regulon predictions, a multispecies genome browser, a multispecies Gene Ontology browser, a comparative KEGG metabolic pathway viewer, a Bioinformatics Workbench for in-depth sequence analysis, and Gene Carts that allow users to save genes of interest for further study while they browse. In addition, we provide an interface for genome annotation, which like all of the tools reported here, is freely available to the scientific community.
Alm, Eric J.; Huang, Katherine H.; Price, Morgan N.; Koche, Richard P.; Keller, Keith; Dubchak, Inna L.; Arkin, Adam P.
The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) issued a position paper regarding the software industry's proposed rating standards that will block and rate information judged unsuitable for minors. Following the U.S. Supreme Court's overturning of the Communications Decency Act, a ruling that maintains a high level of free speech protection over the Internet, the software industry began examining mechanisms to rate online content. Legislators are considering criminal penalties for those who misrate a web page. These moves are seen as damaging to HIV/AIDS prevention and safe sex information websites that utilize jargon, street language, and explicit diagrams to teach safe sex practices to a wide audience. It is noted that related ratings and censorships do not apply to print material. PMID:11364598
The Center for Global Environmental Research (CGER) of the National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan, announces a new Website for online air trajectory calculation (http://cgermetex.nies.go.jp/). The Web server uses the reanalysis meteorological data set of the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Centers for Environmental Prediction.Air trajectories are frequently used by researchers to investigate the airflow pattern and its relation to results of atmospheric monitoring. As an application example, Figure 1 shows the 1998 dust storm event that originated in China and the forward trajectories in the same period initialized at 3000 m in the source region of the dust storm. The airflow indicated by trajectories coincides well with the aerosol index, which shows that dust from China's Gobi desert was transported across the Pacific to the western United States.
A content analysis of all 2001 Fortune 500 Company Websites was conducted to determine how corporations are using the Web to meet the informational needs of journalists. Analyses revealed that the majority of Websites do not have dedicated press rooms where media content is centralized. In press rooms, news releases, executive biographies and executive photographs are the most
|Although Web-based instruction provides learners with sufficient resources for self-paced learning, previous studies have confirmed that browsing navigation-oriented Websites possibly hampers users' comprehension of information. Websites designed as "categories of materials" for navigation demand more cognitive effort from users to orient their…
|Gathering qualitative information about usage behavior of library Websites is a time-consuming process requiring the active participation of patron communities. Libraries that collect virtual reference transcripts, however, hold valuable data regarding how the library Website is used that could benefit Web designers. An analysis of virtual…
Purpose – With the rapid expansion of global online markets including India, researchers and practitioners are challenged to understand drivers of customer satisfaction, trust and loyalty towards websites. The paper aims to focus on website design, which is expected to influence whether customers revisit an online vendor. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Participants in India evaluated a local and foreign web
|This paper chronicles the building of a student based Website method of quickly getting homework graded and back to the students with feedback. A Website-supported statistics class offers an opportunity for students to check answers, get immediate feedback, and submit homework. A web-based support system should provide assistant for students of…
|For several decades, colleges have maintained an LGBT Web presence for currently enrolled students. These Websites inform students about resources, services, events, and staff . They serve as a way to communicate a school's inclusivity and commitment to the LGBT population. Only recently have Websites specifically targeted for the prospective…
This paper focuses on the accessibility of North American library and library school Websites for all users, including those with disabilities. Web accessibility data collected in 2006 are compared to those of 2000 and 2002. The findings of this follow-up study continue to give cause for concern: Despite improvements since 2002, library and library school Websites still tend
Administrators at a large midwestern university recognized that their World Wide Website was rapidly becoming an important factor in recruiting new students. They also expected this Website to serve many different types of information needs for existing students, faculty, staff, and alumni. an interdisciplinary team of faculty, graduate students, and staff was formed to evaluate the existing Web
In the emerging electronic environment, the creation of customer-centered Websites is becoming increasingly important. We report on two exploratory studies on user perceptions of using Websites. We first use Kano's (1984) Model of Quality to conduct an investigation of quality features in the Web environment. An independently conducted study later expands the first study by addressing several limitations.
Examines the Websites of online fashion retailers. It evaluates the role of the Internet as a distribution channel and in particular discusses issues of Web page design. Retailer and consumer views within the fashion sector are explored in a three-stage qualitative research process. This research highlights the differences in retail and consumer perception of fashion Websites. While retailers
Noreen Siddiqui; Antonia O’Malley; Julie C. McColl; Grete Birtwistle
|Born-digital material such as archived Websites provides unique challenges in ensuring access and preservation. This article examines some of the technical challenges involved in harvesting and managing Web archives as well as metadata strategies to provide descriptive, technical, and preservation related information about archived Websites,…
The National Science Foundation has been developing a cutting-edge online communications portal, called FastLane, for several years. It is based on more than a decade of research into the use of electronic communications that positioned NSF to rapidly exploit the possibilities of the World Wide Web. Formally less than six years old, FastLane is quickly becoming the preferred way to submit reviews and proposals. For some programs it is the only way and, I dare say, the FastLane site may represent the future of secure transmittal of sensitive scientific material.
This article presents a detailed workload characterization study of the 1998 World Cup Website. Measurements from this site were collected over a three-month period. During this time the site received 1.35 billion requests, making this the largest Web workload analyzed to date. By examining this extremely busy site and through comparison with existing characterization studies, we are able to
Most library Websites offer lists of recommended Websites for primary sources with only cursory summaries of the sites. While many of the resources listed are outstanding, too many are dubious in quality, often referring to dead URLs or sites containing no information on their sponsor, source of material, or other information needed to evaluate the accuracy of the
Topic management is the task of gathering, evaluating,organizing, and sharing a set of websites for a specific topic.Current web tools do not provide adequate support for this task. Wecreated the TopicShop system to address this need. TopicShopincludes (1) a webcrawler that discovers relevant websites andbuilds site profiles, and (2) user interfaces for exploring andorganizing sites. We conducted an
Brian Amento; William C. Hill; Loren G. Terveen; Deborah Hix; Peter Jul
Library Websites must compete against easy-to-use sites, such as Google Scholar, Google Books, and Wikipedia, for students’ time and attention. Library Websites must therefore be designed with aesthetics and user perceptions at the forefront. The Music and Performing Arts Library at Urbana-Champaign's Website was overcrowded and in much need of a user-focused redesign. This article presents a
Purpose – This paper is designed to illustrate how clickstream data, collected from a B2B website and then analyzed using web analytics software, can be used to evaluate and improve B2B website performance. A number of issues in the application of clickstream data and web analytics software are to be identified and discussed. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A case study
|This essay describes a website evaluation project which served as the final assignment for an undergraduate "Introduction to Religion" course. The essay discusses lessons learned from the design and implementation of this web-based research assignment over three consecutive semesters. It includes insights from an instructor and a reference…
Summary Objective: The purpose of this study is to compare whether students' learning outcomes would be better in a designed learning environment (WebCT) than in a con- ventional website (WWW) with similar course material but without special learning tools. Context: Third-year medical students in an introductory course on medical infor- matics at the University of Helsinki, Finland. Methods: Students
The primary objective of most e-governments is to better serve citizens, however, very little has been written on citizens' likelihood to use e-government. This paper presents the citizens aspect of e- government. The objective is to understand how citizens perceive e-government as a primary government interaction channel and the factors that affect their level of usage. The proposed conceptual model
Although e-government is broadly developed in the world, many citizens are still preferred to use traditional methods. Trust is confirmed to be a critical factor of the success of e-government. From the perspective of the establishment of citizens' sustainable trust in e-government, we construct a conceptual model of sustainable trust in e-government integrated with the updated DeLone and McLean's IS
The Ensembl Website (http://www.ensembl.org/) is the principal user interface to the data of the Ensembl project, and currently serves >500,000 pages (?2.5 million hits) per week, providing access to >80 GB (gigabyte) of data to users in more than 80 countries. Built atop an open-source platform comprising Apache/mod_perl and the MySQL relational database management system, it is modular, extensible, and freely available. It is being actively reused and extended in several different projects, and has been downloaded and installed in companies and academic institutions worldwide. Here, we describe some of the technical features of the site, with particular reference to its dynamic configuration that enables it to handle disparate data from multiple species.
The Economic Development WebSite is maintained by the State and Local Policy Program, in the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, at the University of Minnesota. The site provides various resources related to economic development at the regional level. Visitors may want to start with Understanding Your Industries -- A Framework for Industry Analysis, which will examine several different analytical tools (both quantitative and qualitative) that help to describe how key industries cluster in a particular area. Several examples of areas that include industry cluster in their development strategies are available. There are also "ten key principles for developing a cutting edge economic development strategy for your area" and links to both national and state data coupled with a description of the data.
The e-government field is growing to a considerable size, both in its contents and position with respect to other research fields. The government to citizen segment of e- government is taking the lead in terms of its impor tance and size. Like the evaluation of all other information system s initiatives, the evaluation of e- governments in both theory and
This paper draws on the extant literature on e-government policy formulation, implementation and execution. The purpose of the synthesis of this literature is to advance our understanding of the factors leading to success and failure and to elaborate on the underlying enabling and inhibiting conditions. This exercise is significant with respect to research and practice to avoid the pitfalls of
Explains the Web impact factor (WIF) for comparing the relative attractiveness or influence of Web spaces, where the WIF is the number of pages linking to a Web space divided by the number of pages in the Web space. Compares WIFs for Australasian universities and for Australasian electronic journals. (Author/LRW)
This paper examines the relevance of the Technology Acceptance Model for e-Government websites at federal government level in the United States through an exploratory research study. Various unfunded government mandates over the past several years have required agencies to create websites, put services on the sites, and make them accessible to citizens, and the federal e-Government now includes tens of
Systematic dissection of the sumoylation proteome is emerging as an appealing but challenging research topic because of the significant roles sumoylation plays in cellular dynamics and plasticity. Although several proteome-scale analyzes have been performed to delineate potential sumoylatable proteins, the bona fide sumoylation sites still remain to be identified. Previously, we carried out a genome-wide analysis of the SUMO substrates in human nucleus using the putative motif ?-K-X-E and evolutionary conservation. However, a highly specific predictor for in silico prediction of sumoylation sites in any individual organism is still urgently needed to guide experimental design. In this work, we present a computational system SUMOsp—SUMOylation Sites Prediction, based on a manually curated dataset, integrating the results of two methods, GPS and MotifX, which were originally designed for phosphorylation site prediction. SUMOsp offers at least as good prediction performance as the only available method, SUMOplot, on a very large test set. We expect that the prediction results of SUMOsp combined with experimental verifications will propel our understanding of sumoylation mechanisms to a new level. SUMOsp has been implemented on a freely accessible web server at: .
We explore and compare the importance of various quality dimensions for health care and e-commerce websites. The results show that the importance of various quality attributes for all except four of ten quality dimensions studied differ between health care and e-commerce websites. These results can help health care managers to improve and/or to guide the design of their websites. PMID:18998907
In March 2000, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER) undertook a study to assess the feasibility of establishing a national brownfields site exchange website (exchange). Such a website might ...
This study content analyzed a randomly selected stratified national sample of 203 four-year United States colleges' counseling center Websites to assess the degree to which such sites feature information and reference services for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) collegians. Results revealed that LGBT-targeted communications were infrequent. For instance, fewer than one third of counseling center Websites described
In this article, the author explains how librarians can ensure that their Website visitors find the information they need. The pros and cons of four options used to help people find information on a Website are explored. These options are: (1) redesigning the site; (2) creating drop-down, second-level menus for second-level pages; (3) adding a…
This study aims to understand the fundamental factors influencing the citizen's continuance intention to use e- Government websites by using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) as a based theoretical model. Computer self- efficacy is adopted as an additional factor that influences the citizen's continuance intention to use e-Government websites. To empirically test the proposed research model, the web-based survey was
|With the proliferation of the Internet and World Wide Web applications, people are increasingly interacting with government to citizen (G2C) eGovernment systems. It is therefore important to measure the success of G2C eGovernment systems from the citizen's perspective. While general information systems (IS) success models have received much…
This exploratory study examines civic engagement with e-government via Websites. It provides an analytical framework that integrates both the supply and the demand sides of citizen interaction with e-government. In modeling three dimensions of online civic engagement (government information access, service transactions, and contributing to government policy-making processes), the study framework incorporates a number of variables, including political activism,
This paper introduces the “shark search” algorithm, a refined version of one of the first dynamic Web search algorithms, the “fish search”. The shark-search has been embodied into a dynamic Website mapping that enables users to tailor Web maps to their interests. Preliminary experiments show significant improvements over the original fish-search algorithm.
Michael Herscovici; Michal Jacovi; Yoëlle S. Maarek; Dan Pelleg; Menachem Shtalhaim; Ur Sigalit
As the World Wide Web has advanced since its inception, librarians have endeavored to keep pace with this progress in the design of their library Web pages. User recommendations collected from focus groups and usability testing have indicated that the University of Scranton's Weinberg Memorial Library's Website was not working as intended, and the library's home page, in particular,
Initial studies of how Collaborative WebSites or CoWebs might enhance knowledge transfer between science and engineering classes showed an apparent barrier to student collaboration. This barrier appeared to be related to the culture of many engineering students. Here we investigate how projects that provide a perceived benefit from collaboration may be imple- mented in engineering classes using the CoWeb.
Peter Ludovice; Mathew Realff; Tom Morley; Mark Guzdial
The purpose of this study is to revise and revalidate the End-User Computing Satisfaction (EUCS) instrument to measure satisfaction with a Website from a usability perspective. This study is especially important given the increased significance of the Web and the uniqueness of the Web as a computing environment. A total of 176 students partici- pated in a lab simulation
Sue F. Abdinnour-Helm; Barbara S. Chaparro; Steven M. Farmer
The quality and impact of academic Websites is ofinterest to many audiences, including the scholars who use them and Web educators who need to identify best practice. Several large-scale European Union research projects have been funded to build new indicators for online scientific activity, reflecting recognition of the importance of the Web for scholarly communication. In this paper we
Building data-intensive Websites and especially Web portals is a costly task, which requires considerable effort for data integration and maintenance and usually does not result in many reusable components. This is mainly because most of the design is hard-coded in static or dynamic Web pages. In this paper we integrate three different approaches to create a comprehensive solution to
The catalytic site identification web server provides the innovative capability to find structural matches to a user-specified catalytic site among all Protein Data Bank proteins rapidly (in less than a minute). The server also can examine a user-specified protein structure or model to identify structural matches to a library of catalytic sites. Finally, the server provides a database of pre-calculated matches between all Protein Data Bank proteins and the library of catalytic sites. The database has been used to derive a set of hypothesized novel enzymatic function annotations. In all cases, matches and putative binding sites (protein structure and surfaces) can be visualized interactively online. The website can be accessed at http://catsid.llnl.gov.
Kirshner, Daniel A.; Nilmeier, Jerome P.; Lightstone, Felice C.
Abstract. Malicious Web content poses a serious threat to the Inter- net, organizations and users. Current approaches to detecting malicious Web content employ,high-powered honey clients to scan the Web for potentially malicious pages. These approaches, while efiective at detect- ing malicious content, have the drawbacks of being few and far between, presenting a single snapshot in time of very dynamic
|Every second of every minute of every day, many people search the World Wide Web for information. People are less likely to use hard copy telephone books, encyclopedias, libraries, or other traditional methods of research. They access these traditional resources through web based portals. People use the web to find restaurants, go on vacation, to…
|Academic department Web pages are important tools commonly used to inform students. However, little research has been done to determine what kinds of information students value on department Web pages. Trevor Hall, Ryan Jensen, and Daniel McLean examine how 65 undergraduate students value information that is typically placed on department Web…
The Web is a typical example of a social network. One of the most intriguing features of the Web is its self-organization behavior, which is usually faced through the existence of communities. The dis- covery of the communities in a Web-graph can be used to improve the eectiv eness of search engines, for purposes of prefetching, bibliographic citation ranking, spam
Abstract Websites are being widely deployed commercially. As the widespread use and dependency on Web technology increases, so does the need to assess factors associated with Website success. The objective is to explore these factors in the context of electronic commerce,(EC). The research framework,was,derived from,information,systems,and,marketing,literature. Webmasters,from Fortune 1000 companies,were used as the target group for a survey. Four
Dating back to the area's early days as a British colony, the province of British Columbia has a long history of educating its residents that dates back to a company school built on Vancouver Island for employees of the Hudson's Bay Company in 1849. Located at Malaspina University College in British Columbia and edited by Dr. Patrick Dunae, this Website is dedicated to recounting the history of education in the province, along with providing links to contemporary educational aids and materials for teachers. First-time visitors will want to begin by browsing through the interactive timeline of British Columbia education, which encompasses the period from the 1840s to the 1990s. A section dealing with historic textbooks and reading primers contains a searchable database of 2700 items, along with scanned versions of several well-known Canadian readers like "Jerry and Jane" from the 1930s. The site also includes lesson plans and educational expectations from the 1890s, and full-text versions of important historic legislation in Canada, such as the Common School Act of 1865 and the Public School Act of 1872.
Abstract Recent developments,in the Internet technology,have offered various formations online, many of which can be brought together in the frame of Web 2.0. Among these, some applications have put the user on the foreground, placing him\\/her,to,a,fairly,active,position. In that,manner,Eksi Sozluk (www.eksisozluk.com), one of the most popular websites in Turkey, has attracted attention as an output of online collaboration. It’s described
|The purpose of this qualitative study is to analyze and understand what information students seek from a college's Website during their college search. Often, college Websites fail either to offer students an interactive dialogue or to involve them in the communicative process, negatively affecting students' college search. Undergraduate…
Purpose – The purpose is to gain deeper knowledge of young consumers' purchasing behaviour towards websites' country of origin and compare this with the behaviour of adults. The question is why websites from some countries are perceived as safe and others as risky and insecure. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach was to undertake a focus group methodology for data
Whilst hyperlinks within Websites may be primarily created for navigation purposes, those between sites are a rich source of information about the content and use of the Web. As a result there is a need to derive descriptive statistics about them, both to help understand the underlying communication processes and so that policy makers can gain insights into the
Adiscussion of the issues that are related to the legal and recordkeeping aspects of Website administration begins with the problem of defining what a Website actually is.Creating such a definition is a more complex activity than it would appear to be at first glance.
This paper constructed a website supervision system to analyze the sentiment orientation of the articles (document, text) on the websites in intranet. A scheme based on Vector Space Model (VSM) is put forward for identifying the sentiment orientation of document. Considering the feature of a document is relative to the term frequencies appears in the document and corpus,
Chao-Rong Li; Ming-Qing Huang; Yong-Hai Deng; Jian-Ping Li
|The authors investigated the efficacy of an interactive Website, MyStudentBody.com: Alcohol (MSB:Alcohol) that offers a brief, tailored intervention to help heavy drinking college students reduce their alcohol use. They conducted a randomized, controlled clinical trial to compare the intervention with an alcohol education Website at baseline,…
This study evaluates the websites of international tourist hotels and tour wholesalers in Taiwan. The evaluation system consists of three general user criteria: user interface, variety of information and online reservation. Results show that 50 percent of the total sample of hotels and tour wholesalers have already established websites. Among these “user interface” was rated highest among the
The Website for the Anxiety Disorders Association of America (ADAA) receives more than 5 million visits per month and thus represents a unique medium for the study of anxiety disorders. ADAA Website users from October 2002 to January 2003 were invited to complete a survey oriented toward trauma history and psychiatric sequelae. A diagnostic approximation of posttraumatic stress
Peter J. Nicholls; Kurian Abraham; Kathryn M. Connor; Jerilyn Ross; Jonathan R. T. Davidson
Consumer-targeted prescription drug advertising serves as an interesting lens through which we can examine the portrayal of menopause in online drug advertisements. The aim of this study was to explore the portrayal of menopause on websites sponsored by pharmaceutical companies for hormone therapies (HT). To unravel this question, a qualitative content analysis of websites for FDA-approved hormone therapies
Consumer-targeted prescription drug advertising serves as an interesting lens through which we can examine the portrayal of menopause in online drug advertisements. The aim of this study was to explore the portrayal of menopause on websites sponsored by pharmaceutical companies for hormone therapies (HT). To unravel this question, a qualitative content analysis of websites for FDA-approved hormone therapies
The Hong Kong Disneyland will be open in 2005 and the theme park is very likely to have an official website. In order to determine the nature of a model\\/ideal official website that would serve the promotional purpose, this study is conducted with two objectives. First, the study makes an attempt to understand the information types that the
Purpose – Since websites are collection of several features, this paper examines website interactivity – objective and subjective – at the feature level in terms of three underlying dimensions. The purpose of this paper is to understand the distinction between objective and subjective interactivity and to investigate their effects on customer satisfaction, behavioral intention, and telepresence. Design\\/methodology\\/approach –
In this study, having a personal website of high school students in Turkey has been researched. The survey has been executed on the students from different types of high schools in Besiktas, Istanbul, Turkey. As the data collecting tool in the research, a questionnaire, that consists of some questions about whether they have a personal website…
Ugras, Tuba; Bayrak, Beyza Karadeniz; Kert, Serhat B.
When a user visits a website, important information con- cerning his\\/her preferences and behavior is stored implicitly in the asso- ciated log files. This information can be revealed by using data mining techniques and can be used in order to improve both, content and struc- ture of the respective website. From the set of possible that define the
Juan D. Velásquez; Hiroshi Yasuda; Terumasa Aoki; Richard Weber; Eduardo S. Vera
Discusses results of a usability study at the University of Illinois Chicago that investigated whether Internet search engines have influenced the way students search library Websites. Results show students use the Website's internal search engine rather than navigating through the pages; have difficulty interpreting library terminology; and…
|In 1999 Planned Parenthood[R] Federation of America (PPFA[R]) launched teenwire.com[SM], a Website for young people. This study was designed to determine teens' reproductive health information needs. Selected for analysis were 1,219 submissions to the Ask the Experts section of the Website. Each submission was independently coded by three of…
Vickberg, Suzanne M. Johnson; Kohn, Julia E.; Franco, Lydia M.; Criniti, Shannon
In this paper, a novel methodology for selecting appropriate color scheme for a website is presented. The methodology uses a machine learning algorithm for generating a network that relates the color model of a website with the emotional values that are attributed to it by its users. The approach involves an empirical study to collect data, used to
Eleftherios Papachristos; Nikolaos K. Tselios; Nikolaos M. Avouris
|Creating a physical education department website is an excellent way to promote a positive image of the program, because students and parents are able to find important information and improve the lines of communication. A well-designed physical education website can even encourage students to increase their physical activity levels. Improved…
Ten years ago, during the early days of the Internet, research was undertaken that looked for evidence of cultural convergence in the websites of global corporations using Hofstede's cultural dimensions and country clusters. That study found little homogeneity. Since then, the Internet has matured and corporations have become more sophisticated in designing their websites. Therefore, the main objective
|This chapter introduces the "Cybercounseling and Cyberlearning" Website. It includes a brief description of the following chapters contained in the Website: (1) "Cybersupervision: Close Encounters in the New Millennium" (D. Coursol and J. Lewis); (2) "Theoretical Tenets of Cybersupervision: Implications and Outcomes" (B. S. Christie); (3) "From…
|This paper discusses the use of Website presentations in human sexuality courses. Website presentations are a good way to incorporate additional information about human sexuality into a course, and they provide a way to learn to critique human sexuality material on the Internet. In addition, they help students to practice presentation skills. A…
Non-profit organizations (NPOs), which often dispose of a limited budget, can employ their Websites strategically to communicate with important stakeholders. However, little research, especially in Europe, has been done so far exploring how NPOs are actually taking advantage of this. This study analyzes how charitable fundraising NPOs in Germany and Switzerland employ their Websites for dialogic communication with
This chapter introduces the "Cybercounseling and Cyberlearning" Website. It includes a brief description of the following chapters contained in the Website: (1) "Cybersupervision: Close Encounters in the New Millennium" (D. Coursol and J. Lewis); (2) "Theoretical Tenets of Cybersupervision: Implications and Outcomes" (B. S. Christie); (3) "From…
Principals lead by example with regard to utilizing website development as a communication tool. Handler (2002) reported that a website highlighted the principals' role as technology leader, while Conner (2000) projected this type of leadership would benefit both parent and school. The focus of this research was on enhancing and inhibiting factors for principals that endeavored to implement
The aim of this paper is to present a quality evaluation model of airline websites which is based on a fuzzy linguistic approach. Qual- ity of an airline is defined using passengers' perceptions on the quality of services provided through its Website. We characterize the con- cept of quality of airlines by means of subjec- tive quality indicators
L. Hidalgo; F. J. Cabrerizo; J. López; Gijón E. Herrera-Viedma
|The author presents 50 Websites identified by preservice teachers as helpful in serving students with mild or moderate disabilities and their families. The Websites cover the topics of academic supports; advocacy and family supports; professional organizations; social, emotional, and behavioral supports; technology; and transition support.|
|As more affordable synchronous communications are becoming available, the use of synchronous interactions has not been noted in course Websites as often as asynchronous communications. Previous research indicated that the integration of synchronous tools into course Websites has made a positive impact on students. While most of the previous…
As more affordable synchronous communications are becoming available, the use of synchronous interactions has not been noted in course Websites as often as asynchronous communications. Previous research indicated that the integration of synchronous tools into course Websites has made a positive impact on students. While most of the previous…
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to look at Geert Hofstede's five dimensions of culture. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Reviews Hofstede's website and numerous of his writings. Findings – The distinctive sites mentioned are a reflection of Swedish and Japanese dimensions of culture respectively. In a global village, where the web is almost ubiquitous, this kind of understanding is
|This article describes the card-sorting techniques used by several academic libraries, reports and discusses the results of card-sorting usability tests of the Western Michigan University Libraries' Website, and reveals how the WMU libraries incorporated the findings into a new Website redesign, setting the design direction early on. The…
Trust in e-government is an important idea that should be critically investigated to help citizen favorably share information and make online transaction with government. This study aims to establish an e-government trust model from the behavioral perspectives of citizen. Based on the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) and Customer Relationship Management (CRM), the study proposes an intergraded model of e-government citizen
Purpose – To propose and test a model about the business value of government electronic services (e-government) to small firms. Two dimensions of e-government use (search-oriented and transaction-oriented) are measured and the effects of three types of e-government benefits on small firms' profitability are tested. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Survey of 100 small firms in three states of the USA (Maryland, New
Debora Viana Thompson; Roland T. Rust; Jeffrey Rhoda
Purpose – E-government adoption is the focus of many research studies. However, few studies have compared the adoption factors to identify the most salient predictors of e-government use. The purpose of this paper is to compare popular adoption constructs to identify the most influential. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A survey was administered to elicit citizen perceptions of e-government services. Findings – The
Trust in e-government is of vital importance for the effective adoption and use of electronic public services. Understanding the concept of trust and the different types it involves in the e-government context is a key challenge for both research and practice. Aiming to address this need, this paper proposes a parsimonious yet comprehensive typology of trust in e-government. Trust in
Panagiota Papadopoulou; Maria Nikolaidou; Drakoulis Martakos
This paper aims to review and evaluate the vision, the objectives and the strategic framework of e-Government in Singapore. Rapidity, Reliability, Efficiency, Cost-effectiveness, Customer-orientation and Accessibility are the main guidelines for the development of e- government in Singapore in order to provide quality services to users in the digital economy. There are five thrusts and six programs of e- governance
E-Government services are subject to changes, Consequently, new service modeling methods are sought that allow the public authorities to consistently manage changes in their service provisions. The need for consistency in e-Government services exist also because of the large number of stakeholders that are involved in the life-cycle of e-Government services (from conceptual design to implementation and maintenance). Due to
This contribution provides a critical appraisal of three of the contemporary project management approaches against e-Government challenges. Most of the project management approaches, put forward during e-Government projects' implementation, are more suitable for the management of the overall development of information systems, rather than being directly targeted on the specific e-Government needs. The incorporation of information technologies in the public
Demetrios Sarantis; Dimitris Askounis; Steve Smithson
Libraries increasingly play an integral role as service providers in E-Government systems, but little has been done to assess the scope or trajectory of citizen needs in libraries. This multi-method exploratory study used a series of interviews, surveys, workshops and reference logs to identify trends in E-Government in public libraries, the E- Government support roles of public libraries, and citizen
Amelia N. Gibson; John Carlo Bertot; Charles R. Mcclure
Nowadays, social web has been emerged to help people create and collect knowledge through online social network sites. Since these sites usually isolated from each other, semantic web tools are needed to inter-link social network sites. Ontologies and their classes\\/properties as semantic tools have been used to provide inter-operability among social network sites. Although many efforts have been gone on
The interface between maritime forests and inter-tidal salt marshes along the southeastern coast of the United States is a major ecological boundary characterized by a sequence of botanical zones that typically consist of pine/ oak forest>Iva>Juncus>Salicornia>Spartina. In addition to questions regarding the physical and chemical factors that govern this ecotone, this interface is of interest because of the potential for groundwater flow to transfer nutrients and pollutants from developed uplands to the adjacent marshes. The interface is also of interest because it is presumably migrating upslope as a result of ongoing sea level rise and concomitant aquifer salinization.A new Website, http://links.baruch.sc.edu/data/GRNDWATER/data/data.htm, contains long-term and spatially dense measurements of groundwater heads and salinity from a network of nested piezometers that has been installed along three forest-marsh transects across the Crab Haul Creek finger marsh basin at the North Inlet-Winyah Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve in Georgetown County South Carolina (Figure 1).
At one time, creating and maintaining a Website was an option for government agencies. However, with the increase in Internet traffic, laws and executive orders are now mandating that governments provide, at a minimum, basic online information and services to the Internet community. This report, produced by the Pew Internet and the American Life Project, states that nearly 68 million American adults have used government agency Websites at one time or another. Of the 68 million, 42 million have used government Websites to research public policy issues, 23 million have used the Internet to send comments to public officials concerning policy choices, 14 million have used government Websites to gather information to help them decide how to cast their votes, and 13 million have participated in online lobbying campaigns. Accessible in Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) format, this report is divided into four parts: Who visits government Websites and what they do; A closer look at some activities, which focuses on more specific goals and actions of government site users; Different types of government Website users, which identifies three major variables associated with differences among those who use government agency Websites; and finally, A case study of the last visit to government Websites, which reveals data from a survey taken by members of the American Life Project.
BACKGROUND: Web Services and Workflow Management Systems can support creation and deployment of network systems, able to automate data analysis and retrieval processes in biomedical research. Web Services have been implemented at bioinformatics centres and workflow systems have been proposed for biological data analysis. New databanks are often developed by taking into account these technologies, but many existing databases do
|Reviews the literature of e-government deployment world-wide, focussing on two possible roles for public libraries in e-government. The first is a continuation of their traditional role of information provision and managing library transactions electronically and the second, a move to handling government business transactions as well. Identifies…
Many governments have delivered their services in ways that meet the desires of the citizens and businesses they serve, enabling them to interact securely in places and at times that are convenient for them. E-government is one of the most important achievements of the Internet. Successfully implementing e-government requires a level of trust on the part of all transaction parties.
Purpose - Knowledge management (KM) is an important consideration in e-government portals to ensure that knowledge flows efficiently between governments, individuals and organisations. A crucial aspect of e-government portals that has not been addressed adequately is the extent to which KM mechanisms have been implemented. Specifically, the authors argue that appropriate KM mechanisms are necessary to support the access, creation
Dion Hoe-lian Goh; Alton Yeow-kuan Chua; Brendan Luyt; Chei Sian Lee
White collar crime has proliferated in the modern civilization due to lack of information availability. It has led to financial loss, social loss, and declining moral ethics. E-governance will achieve the crime control by democratizing information, making the government schemes effective and efficient, and introducing transparency. This paper covers the drivers of the white collar crime and how e-governance can
One purpose of a home page is to give people access to a Website. So how do you give diverse groups of people access to a collection of sites, containing disparate information provided by a decentralised organisation? Simple; you build a home site.This paper examines how The Australian National University was able to develop a site that makes resource
This study employs a novel method of Web content extraction and analysis to investigate the evolving competitive landscape in an important business-to-consumer (B2C) area: travel and tourism. Findings from a comprehensive Web mining endeavor and a supplier survey shed light on the effectiveness of tourism Websites. Important dimensions of the automated measurement are ease of navigation, inter- active elements
Extremely large data sets are now commonplace, and they are often visualized through the World Wide Web. Scalability of web-based\\u000a visualization techniques is thus a key issue. This paper investigates the scalability of four representative techniques for\\u000a dynamic map generation and display (e.g., for visualizing geographic sources of website hits): generating a single composite\\u000a map image, overlaying images on
Conventional information discovery tools can be classified as being either search oriented or browse oriented. In the context of the Web, search-oriented tools employ text-analysis techniques to find Web documents based on user-specified queries, whereas browse-oriented ones employ site mapping and visualization techniques to allow users to navigate through the Web. This paper presents a unique approach that tightly integrates
Yoëlle S. Maarek; Michal Jacovi; Menachem Shtalhaim; Ur Sigalit; Dror Zernik; Israel Z. Ben-Shaul
Evidence exists that service quality delivery through Websites is an essential strategy to success, possibly more important\\u000a than low price and Web presence. To deliver superior service quality, managers of companies with Web presences must first\\u000a understand how customers perceive and evaluate online customer service. Information on this topic is beginning to emerge from\\u000a both academic and practitioner sources,
Valarie A. Zeithaml; A. Parasuraman; Arvind Malhotra
Purpose – This article sets out to describe the background behind WIT Libraries' recently launched new-look website: its origins, implementations and long-term goals, and explain how the library is using a new web content management system to its best advantage, particularly in terms of compliance with web standards and guidelines. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This case study reports on the use
In recent years, web plug-ins have been flourishing social networking sites. Web plug-in is successful since it results in\\u000a unique user experience, and promotes the fast-pace innovation of web technologies. However, the plug-ins developed by end\\u000a users also introduces many new problems to both networking and software engineering fields. One of the key problems is pre-release\\u000a failure. In other words,
The purpose of the study was to contribute to the overall understanding of terrorist organizations' use of the Internet and to increase researchers' knowledge of Website effectiveness. The methodological approach was evaluation of the perceived credibility of Websites based on existing criteria derived from information users. The Websites of…
|Objective: To identify food and beverage brand Websites featuring designated children's areas, assess marketing techniques present on those industry Websites, and determine nutritional quality of branded food items marketed to children. Design: Systematic content analysis of food and beverage brand Websites and nutrient analysis of food and…
Purpose – This study aims to examine the content of health promotional websites in two culturally distinct countries, the USA and South Korea, by investigating the level of interactivity and types of advertising appeals presented on antismoking websites. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Antismoking websites in the two countries were collected through the three major search engines (msn, Yahoo and
|In an exploratory study, participants (n = 18) completed 11 usability tasks to assess ease of use of two Websites, and then a Website perception questionnaire for each. Participants rated both Websites positively, but 25% and 36% could not complete all tasks; doing so required more than a minute to complete. (Contains 2 figures and 7 tables.)|
|The purpose of the study was to contribute to the overall understanding of terrorist organizations' use of the Internet and to increase researchers' knowledge of Website effectiveness. The methodological approach was evaluation of the perceived credibility of Websites based on existing criteria derived from information users. The Websites of…
...Modernization Act; Notice to Public of Website Location of Fiscal Year 2011 Proposed...Administration (FDA) is announcing the Website location where it will post a list...different guidances. This notice announces the Website location of the list of guidances...
...Modernization Act; Notice to Public of WebSite Location of Fiscal Year 2012 Proposed...Administration (FDA) is announcing the Website location where the Agency will post...different guidances. This notice announces the Website location of the list of guidances...
...Cooperative Agreement: Resources for NIC's WebSite on Data Collection and Analysis in...the development of resources for NIC's Website on data collection and analysis for...information sources (i.e. spreadsheets, Websites) that provide examples of...
...Town Hall Meeting on the Physician Compare WebSite, October 27, 2010 AGENCY: Centers...requires CMS to establish a Physician Compare Website by January 1, 2011. This notice announces...meeting to discuss the Physician Compare Website. The purpose of this Town Hall...
...Disability in Air Travel: Accessibility of WebSites and Automated Kiosks at U.S. Airports...and foreign air carriers to make their Websites accessible to individuals with disabilities...apply to automated airport kiosks and to Websites on which covered air...
...Disability in Air Travel: Accessibility of WebSites and Automated Kiosks at U.S. Airports...rulemaking (SNPRM) on the accessibility of Websites and automated kiosks that was published...comment form on the www.regulations.gov Website. The Department acknowledges...
...Modernization Act; Notice to Public of WebSite Location of Fiscal Year 2013 Proposed...Administration (FDA) is announcing the Website location where the Agency will post...documents, FDA has committed to updating its Website in a timely manner to reflect the...
The need to understand authors’ motivations for creating links between university websites is addressed by a survey of a random collection of 414 such links from the ac.uk domain. A classification scheme was created and applied to this collection. Obtaining inter-classifier agreement as to the single main link creation cause was very difficult because of multiple potential motivations and
David Wilkinson; Gareth Harries; Mike Thelwall; Liz Price
Recruitment theory and research show that objective characteristics, subjective considerations, and critical contact send signals to prospective applicants about the organization and available opportunities. In the generating applicants phase of recruitment, critical contact may consist largely of interactions with recruitment sources (e.g., newspaper ads, job fairs, organization Websites); however, research has yet to fully address how all 3 types
Inspired by the reported use of Web 2.0-based applications to stir national revolutions in the Arab World, and the potential of this technology to increase transparency and engage citizens in decision-making processes as documented by research in e-government, this study explores to what extent Arab League nations are using \\
|This dissertation examines the adoption and implementation mechanism of the national e-Governance plan in the regional state of West Bengal in India. The questions that this dissertation seek to illuminate are (i) the various potentials and challenges in integrating the ordinary citizens in the implementation of the national e-Governance plan in…
Like traditional media, information on the World Wide Web may encourage both healthy and unhealthy behaviors. This study reports on the content analysis of a particular genre of Website that promotes unhealthy behaviors: pro-eating disorder Websites. Framed in message design theory, the results of this study indicate that messages on pro-eating disorder Websites promote response efficacy in continuing disordered behaviors, but messages promoting severity and susceptibility to weight gain and self-efficacy were not common. Given the importance of combining response and self-efficacy messages for maximal effectiveness of messages, the pro-eating disorder sites may have limited effectiveness in effecting behavioral change among site visitors. PMID:17137416
|This study examined the user-interface characteristics and effectiveness of the e-government-to-business (G2B) sites of the 50 U.S. states and Washington, D.C. A group of 306 online users were trained to assess the sites. The findings indicate that the majority of the state G2B sites included the user-interface characteristics that provided…
Zhao, Jensen J.; Truell, Allen; Alexander, Melody W.
|Institutions of higher education are increasingly becoming dependent on Web-based marketing to reach out to their target audiences. The current empirical study examines the types of impressions formed by prospective students based on exposure to different university Website images. A between-subjects experiment was conducted using four identical…
Ramasubramanian, Srividya; Gyure, James F.; Mursi, Nasreen M.
Anthropologists are increasingly returning from the field with digital images and other media, along with their field notes. This article lays out the “Website model” for integrating digital images, audio, and other media files into unified field note documents through the use of a Web page editor. It explains how to generate multimedia galleries and link them within textual
Topic distillation on the Web, namely, given a user query to find quality information sources related to the query topic by using hyperlink analysis, has been shown to be useful in Web IR. Based on the analysis of three deficiencies of classical topic distillation algorithm HITS (i.e., failing to meet users' site-granularity information needs; tending to produce unreasonable results; topic
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of website atmospherics such as music and product presentation on consumers' emotional, cognitive, and conative responses in online shopping. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A convenience sample of 272 female college students participated in a web experiment employing a 2 (Product presentation: flat vs model)×2 (Music: present vs absent) between-subjects
This article develops a theoretical and conceptual basis for Website design in academic theological libraries. The article discusses the locus of librarians in the organization of information, the mission of higher education and of the academic library, the purpose of the theological library, the changing role of libraries, the function of libraries as represented on the Web, the nature
|Discusses text categorization and Website classification and proposes a three-step classification system that includes the use of Web pages linked with the home page. Highlights include the k-nearest neighbor (k-NN) approach; improving performance with a feature selection method and a term weighting scheme using HTML tags; and similarity…
|A library's Website is well recognized as the gateway to the library for the vast majority of users. Choosing the most user-friendly Web architecture to reflect the many services libraries offer is a complex process, and librarians are still experimenting to find what works best for their users. As part of a redesign of the Oregon State…
Software reengineering and maintenance are two classical activities in software engineering. Today, software maintenance is a time consuming task because requirements change and evolve frequently. Moreover, in certain domains, such as the Web domain is, these changes happen very often. In this way, new techniques to engineer Websites are needed in order to reduce the time to market of
\\u000a In the past decade there has been a significant surge in e-government-related activity in India. This is most noticeable the\\u000a way e-government has been conceptualized in India in terms of its expected outcomes and delivery model; and also the way the\\u000a government has gone about implementing e-government at national and sub-national levels. New initiatives with regard to national\\u000a policies, programmes
...practitioners that dispense controlled substances by means of the Internet. 1304.50 Section 1304.50 Food and Drugs DRUG...practitioners that dispense controlled substances by means of the Internet. For a Website to identify itself as...
Purpose – This is a case study of Coca-Cola's Chinese website. It aims to examine how Coca-Cola, the number one brand in the world, is using its website to communicate with the publics in the world's largest market. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Uses a qualitative text analysis. Findings – Coca-Cola is practicing a “glocal” strategy, which integrates the ethnocentric and
In 2006 the Institute of Medicine (IOM) concluded that food marketing was a contributor to childhood obesity in the United States. One recommendation of the IOM committee was for research on newer marketing venues, such as Internet Websites. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to answer the IOM’s call by examining food marketing on popular children’s Websites.
Researchers who collaborate on clinical research studies from diffuse locations need a convenient, inexpensive, secure way to record and manage data. The Internet, with its World Wide Web, provides a vast network that enables researchers with diverse types of computers and operating systems anywhere in the world to log data through a common interface. Development of a Website for scientific data collection can be organized into 10 steps, including planning the scientific database, choosing a database management software system, setting up database tables for each collaborator's variables, developing the Website's screen layout, choosing a middleware software system to tie the database software to the Website interface, embedding data editing and calculation routines, setting up the database on the central server computer, obtaining a unique Internet address and name for the Website, applying security measures to the site, and training staff who enter data. Ensuring the security of an Internet database requires limiting the number of people who have access to the server, setting up the server on a stand-alone computer, requiring user-name and password authentication for server and Website access, installing a firewall computer to prevent break-ins and block bogus information from reaching the server, verifying the identity of the server and client computers with certification from a certificate authority, encrypting information sent between server and client computers to avoid eavesdropping, establishing audit trails to record all accesses into the Website, and educating Website users about security techniques. When these measures are carefully undertaken, in our experience, information for scientific studies can be collected and maintained on Internet databases more efficiently and securely than through conventional systems of paper records protected by filing cabinets and locked doors. JAMA. 2000;284:1843-1849. PMID:11025839
Purpose – The purpose of this article is to examine the reasons for the creation of co-links between pairs of business websites. Specifically, to determine whether co-linked business websites are really related. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Co-links to 32 telecommunications companies were retrieved using Yahoo! and a random sample of 495 co-linking pages (the page that initiated the co-link) were
Purpose – The study examines SMEs' investment in B2B websites and the relationship between organizational drivers such as adoption readiness and constraints and evaluation of investments. We investigate how these drivers influence the perception of B2B website benefits and the effect a great understanding of issues has on stakeholder satisfaction in the investment. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A quantitative approach
The objective of this study was to find all the existing Websites of Turkish community pharmacies and evaluate their "quality" in terms of Health on the Net (HON) Code of conduct principles. Multiple Internet search engines were used (google.com, yahoo.com, altavista.com, msn.com). While searching on the Internet, "eczane (pharmacy)" and "eczanesi (pharmacy of)" key words were used. The Internet search lasted for 2 months starting from March 1, 2007 until May 1, 2007. SPSS ver. 11.5 statistical program (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL) was used for data entry and analysis. At the end of the Internet search via all the indicated search engines, a total of 203 (all different from each other) community pharmacy Websites were determined; of these, 14 were under construction and 6 were not accessible. As a result, 183 community pharmacy Websites were included in the study. All of the Websites could be accessed (100%). However, the availability of some characteristics of the pharmacies were quite poor. None of the pharmacies met all of the HON principles. Only 11 Websites were appropriate in terms of complementarity (6.0%). Confidentiality criteria was met by only 14 pharmacies (7.7%). Nine pharmacies (4.9%) completed the "attribution" criteria. Among 183 pharmacy Websites, the most met HON principle was the "transparency of authorship" (69 pharmacy Websites; 37.7%). Because of the results of our study, the Turkish Pharmacists Association can take a pioneer role to apply some principles such as HON code of conduct in order to increase the quality of Turkish community pharmacists' Websites. PMID:18570568
|Describes how members of the English Department at Texas Tech University redesigned their site as an open system in which control is distributed among department members. Describes the conversational approach they used to redesign the site, applies it to a critique of the original website, then describes changes they implemented to remake the…
Spinuzzi, Clay; Bowie, Jennifer L.; Rodgers, Ida; Li, Xiangyi
|YouTube is an Internet phenomenon, a video sharing Website where individuals can upload videos to be viewed by anyone visiting the site. The purpose of this study was to search for and categorize videos related to disability on YouTube and explore the educational potential of the site for the disability community. A seven-day time period in…
This article outlines some approaches to analysing educational websites designed for use in the home. It compares two British sites, Gridclub and Spark Island, aimed at children in the 7–11 age group. The article presents a method of pedagogic analysis focusing on three dimensions: multimodality, navigation and interactivity. It then considers how learners are addressed by the two sites,
Purpose – This paper seeks to present a usability evaluation of the website of the Main Library of the St Augustine Campus of the University of the West Indies (UWI) to get users and site visitors to identify the major strengths and weaknesses of the site and to incorporate the results and participant feedback into a redesign that reflects
In a few short years, the World Wide Web has become a standard part of candidates' campaign tool kits. Virtually all candidates have their own sites, and voters, journalists, and activists visit the sites with increasing frequency. In this article, we study what candidates do on these sites—in terms of the information they present—by exploring one of the most enduring
James N. Druckman; Martin J. Kifer; Michael Parkin
Today's global citizen lives in a world where communications technology offers revolutionary opportunities for new interactions. Citizens worldwide are beginning to translate this opportunity into online citizenship. E-government already has changed the w...
December 2007 marked the fifth anniversary of the passage of the E-Government Act of 2002. Shortly before this anniversary, authorization of appropriations for several key provisions expired on September 30, 2007. Some of the activities and offices affect...
E-government services are a working mode which characterizes the interaction between the government and the public besides telephone services and face-to-face front office services. Both the government and the public, they choose their own action according to the cost and benefit which arise from the application of e-government services. This study applies evolutionary game theory to construct the game payment
The year 2009 marks the 10th anniversary for official electronic government (e-government) implementation efforts in most European countries. A review of the United Nations studies on global e-government diffusion over this period reveals that there has been very little consistency in implementation and diffusion efforts in EU countries compared to North America. The most recent (2008) UN assessment shows that
Vishanth Weerakkody; Zahir Irani; Habin Lee; Muhammad Kamal; Leif Flak; Øystein Sæbø; Marijn Janssen; Bjoern Niehaves; Jörg Becker; Michael Räckers; Ibrahim H. Osman; Khalil Hindi; Sevgi Ozkan; Asim Balci; Tunc D. Medeni; Frank Bannister; Soha Maad
GIS has many facilities that can be useful in various fields, including in e-Government system. This study assesses the implementation of GIS in the e-Government system provided by ninety-one institutions in Indonesia. The assessment was conducted using several criterias. These criterias include GIS availability and accessibility in the first place, GIS facility establishment date, and GIS technology and interactivity. The
Arief Ramadhan; Dana Indra Sensuse; Aniati Murni Arymurthy
\\u000a Public administrations have introduced eGovernment systems for many years. However, citizens’ willingness to use these applications\\u000a is still rather small. As proved by surveys, one major reason for this lacking acceptance is security concerns. In this paper,\\u000a we investigate the role of mass media in this process of creating mistrust towards eGovernment. In doing so, we analyse three\\u000a different newspapers
The e-government is being adopted all across the world for better facilitation of public services. It is a citizen-centric service i.e. of, by and for the citizens. However the developing countries like India, China and other South Asian countries are finding tough to convince their masses to try, avail and trust these e-government facilities. Major concern is that many of
Citizens' Advice Bureaux (CAB) exist to provide the public with information on their rights and obligations and to ensure the citizen's full integration into the life of civil society, realisation of those rights and fulfilment of those obligations. The Internet, through websites enables CAB's to extend their mission with the potential of reaching more citizens. This paper presents criteria
The availability and the proliferation of ontologies are crucial for the success of the Semantic Web. As consequence, a great number of researchers are working on method and techniques to build ontologies through automatic or semi-automatic processes, which perform knowledge acquisition from texts, dictionaries and structured and semi-structured information sources. On the other hand, reverse engineering, when applied to software
Lakeland College, a small rural institution on the Canadian prairies, used to face the dilemma of needing a Web presence without having the funds, staff, and technology infrastructure to support it. This article relates how Lakeland's librarian hired ShirWin Knowledge & Learning Systems, Inc., a small software company based in Edmonton, Alberta.…
|Lakeland College, a small rural institution on the Canadian prairies, used to face the dilemma of needing a Web presence without having the funds, staff, and technology infrastructure to support it. This article relates how Lakeland's librarian hired ShirWin Knowledge & Learning Systems, Inc., a small software company based in Edmonton, Alberta.…
The paper argues that virtual communication spaces such as the World Wide Web (WWW) offer unique opportunities for collaboration within technical writing classrooms. Three common types of project scenarios are identified, along with the discourse communities and collaborative relationships that are supported and emphasized by each project scenario. A technical writing assignment is described that emphasizes the benefits of students
|This has been a big year for Kim Kulawik, a technology education teacher at Mooresville (NC) Middle School: He has been named a 2008 North Carolina Technology Student Association Advisor of the Year, a 2008 International Technology Association Teacher of the Year--and now he and his students are receiving the December 2008 "Tech Directions" Web…
This article examined the TV stations' application of the Web features that presumably would contribute to the effectiveness of their Websites from both the organizational and consumer's perspectives. It also explored whether certain market factors are associated with the availability of these features. The content analysis found that news-related content played an important role on these Websites and
... Next How did you learn of the MedlinePlus website? Responses: Web search engine (Yahoo!, Google, AOL, etc.) MedlinePlus users ... MedlinePlus en español users 75% Link from another Website MedlinePlus users 11% MedlinePlus en español users ...
A site by the United Nations Administrative Committee on Coordination (ACC) will make locating important information easier for interested Internauts. The UN web locator site helps users find specific UN information by providing an alphabetic, subject, and official UN classification list of agencies. It also provides links to frequently requested information about conference schedules, library and documentation services, press releases, publication sales and catalogs, and vacancy notices, all by agency. There are also connections to other websites that contain information related to but not produced by the UN. This site should be bookmarked as a starting point for browsing UN information.
Food is one of the most important elements in tourists' destination choices and travelers' decision-making. Food tourism is thus increasingly becoming an essential subject to researchers in the field of tourism. Consequently, the need for effective food tourism marketing is evident. However, little research has been conducted to examine food tourism marketing on the World Wide Web. This study was
Young H. Kim; Jingxue Yuan; Ben K. Goh; John M. Antun
|Although there is a proliferation of information available on the Web, and law professors, students, and other users have a variety of channels to locate information and complete their research activities, the law library catalog still remains an important source for offering users access to information that has been evaluated and cataloged by…
Since 2003 the government has issued a policy on e-government, but in fact the performance of e-government agencies both at central and local governments can not be perceived by the public. Whereas the application of e- government is meant to shorten the distance between government officials as public servants with the community as public service customer because e- government is
As children step off the sidewalk of safe sites and into the realm of adult-oriented sites, they find themselves dealing with a large variety of incentives and encouragements to disclose personal information. Internet trend analysts capture data identifying the websites children visit while exploring online. Most commonly, the data are used to identify the “most popular” child-centered websites,
Recruitment theory and research show that objective characteristics, subjective considerations, and critical contact send signals to prospective applicants about the organization and available opportunities. In the generating applicants phase of recruitment, critical contact may consist largely of interactions with recruitment sources (e.g., newspaper ads, job fairs, organization Websites); however, research has yet to fully address how all 3 types of signaling mechanisms influence early job pursuit decisions in the context of organizational recruitment Websites. Results based on data from 814 student participants searching actual organization Websites support and extend signaling and brand equity theories by showing that job information (directly) and organization information (indirectly) are related to intentions to pursue employment when a priori perceptions of image are controlled. A priori organization image is related to pursuit intentions when subsequent information search is controlled, but organization familiarity is not, and attitudes about a recruitment source also influence attraction and partially mediate the effects of organization information. Theoretical and practical implications for recruitment are discussed. PMID:18020806
In this paper we propose a methodology to learn to extract domain-specific information from large repositories (e.g. the Web) with minimum user in- tervention. Learning is seeded by integrating in- formation from structured sources (e.g. databases and digital libraries). Retrieved information is then used to bootstrap learning for simple Information Extraction (IE) methodologies, which in turn will produce more annotation
Fabio Ciravegna; Alexiei Dingli; David Guthrie; Yorick Wilks
|Social and public sites are becoming a popular medium for intellectual consumption of Black history. Given the educational climate in which many students' exposure to Black history may come from outside of schools, the authors examine how Walmart's Black History Month Website produced simplistic and safe narratives about African American…
This research investigates the prevalence of sports -related terms among the Websites of the world's leading companies, the For tune Global 500. An automated process copied about four gigabytes of te xtual data, around 70 million words, from their sites. The subsequent ana lysis revealed regional and industry differences in the distribution of spo rts-related terms, the popu- larity
|A qualitative study of the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library's Website identified the ways in which students and faculty of the University of Montana used the site for research purposes. This study employed open-ended interview questions and observations to spontaneously capture a user's experience in researching topics in which they…
|Describes the use of Spotfire, a starfield visualization tool, to generate interactive visualizations of log data, ranging from aggregate views of all Website hits in a time interval to close-ups that approximate the path of a user through a site. Highlights current efforts and provides examples of the visualizations created in Spotfire.…
|A Duke University (North Carolina) student witnessing vandalism to the National Collegiate Athletic Association's (NCAA) World Wide Website and a University of Massachusetts, Amherst student, both studying computer science, have contributed substantially to the identification of a computer hacker destroying the NCAA site. The students' rapid…
|Discusses usability testing as a tool for evaluating the effectiveness and ease of use of academic library Websites; considers human-computer interaction; reviews major usability principles; and explores the application of formal usability testing to an existing site at the University at Buffalo (NY) libraries. (Author/LRW)|
Usability testing is an invaluable tool for evaluating the effectiveness and ease of use of academic library Websites. This article reviews major usability principles and explores the application of formal usability testing to an existing site at the University at Buffalo libraries.
|The author discusses the gossip Website Juicy Campus. Although many students express concern that potential employers who see the cite may decline to hire individuals after reading gossip-filled allegations, or that their social lives are in tatters over the mean-spirited, anonymous messages posted about them, because the site has no affiliation…
The performance of successful Web-based e-commerce services has all the allure of a roller-coaster ride: accelerated fiscal growth combined with the ever-present danger of running out of server capacity. This chapter presents a case study based on the author's own capacity planning engagement with one of the hottest e-commerce Websites in the world. Several spreadsheet techniques are presented for
This work has as the principal theme, the study, analysis and implementation\\u000aof the methodology for use the websites in e-commerce. The authors try to deal\\u000awith particular methodological and applied aspects inherent in the analysis of\\u000adata from the interaction of man-Internet (Web-mining). The research\\u000amethodology of this work will be focused on a prevalent optic multidisciplinary\\u000aresearch
The latest addition to the online archive at the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Data and Program Library Service (DPLS) presents data gathered from a survey that examined the usage characteristics of The Why Files, a Website created by the National Institute for Science Education (NISE) to explain the science behind the news. The survey solicited information from 399 frequent users of The Why Files about "demographic characteristics, Web use frequency, and interest in topics related to science, math, engineering, and technology." Users may view the questionnaire (in .pdf format) and the survey codebook, and after free registration, download the data in .tar or .zip formats. Downloading guidelines are provided.
Web-Based Learning—usage of the web as an arena for learning—has captured the imagination and interest of science educators worldwide. The accessibility to a huge, interlinked, and complex network of information as well as the availability of novel communication means offer new ways to use scientific information, to communicate, and to learn. The web's advanced graphical tools and computational power allow scientists, educators, and students to visualize scientific data and processes in ways that were previously impossible, allowing a deeper understanding of natural phenomena. However, it is unclear to what extent these powerful tools are practically implemented in science education. Our study, aimed at answering this question, focused on the pedagogical and technological characteristics of websites attempting to teach the subject of atomic structure. A classification scheme was developed and implemented on 95 educational websites, of various levels and disciplines, focusing on atomic structure. The results show that advanced communication means and graphical tools are rarely used. While the content of the majority of websites can be considered reliable, in their structure, level of graphics, and content they resemble an online version of a textbook rather than a new, interactive, learning environment. These findings are discussed in detail.
This exploratory study analyzed the content of medical tourism Websites in an attempt to examine how they convey information about benefits and risks of medical procedures, how they frame credibility, and the degree to which these Websites include interactive features for consumers. Drawing upon framing theory, the researchers content analyzed a sample of 66 medical tourism Websites throughout the world. The results indicated that medical tourism Websites largely promote the benefits of medical procedures while downplaying the risks, and relatively little information regarding the credibility of these services appears. In addition, the presentation of benefits/risks, credibility, and Website interactivity were found to differ by region and type of facility. The authors discuss the implications of these findings concerning the framing of medical tourism Website content, future directions for research, and limitations. PMID:21161812
The present study examined smoking culture and lifestyle Websites listed on Yahoo!, a popular Internet search catalog, to determine whether the sites were easily accessible to youth, featured age or health warnings, and mentioned specific tobacco brands. A content analysis of photographs on these sites assessed the demographics of individuals depicted and the amount of smoking and nudity in the photographs. The sample included 30 Websites, all of which were accessible to youth and did not require age verification services to enter them. Cigarette brand names were mentioned in writing on 35% of the sites, and brand images were present on 24% of the sites. Nearly all of the photographs (95%) depicted smoking, 92% featured women, and 7% contained partial or full nudity. These results underscore the need for greater research and monitoring of smoking-related Internet content by health educators and tobacco control advocates. PMID:12564668
Ribisl, Kurt M; Lee, Rebecca E; Henriksen, Lisa; Haladjian, Harry H
The present research integrates the core aspects of anger with the theory of planned behavior to investigate factors influencing online activism in a Website. This study conducted online survey, and the sample was members who joined the V4400 Sobi-ja-heem Website. The Website V4400 Sobi-ja-heem was initiated by a consumer who was irritated at the cell phone manufacturer
|The Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) went into effect on April 21, 2000. The first Federal online privacy law, COPPA regulates the collection, use, and disclosure by commercial Websites and online services of personally identifiable information from children under age 13. To mark the first anniversary of COPPA's implementation, a…
OBJECTIVE. Pro- eating disorder Websites are communities of individuals who engage in disordered eating and use the Internet to discuss their activities. Pro-recovery sites, which are less numerous, express a recovery-oriented perspective. This pilot study investigated the awareness and usage of pro- eating disorder Websites among adolescents with eating disorders and their parents and explored associa- tions with
Jenny L. Wilson; Rebecka Peebles; Kristina K. Hardy; Iris F. Litt
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine and evaluate current directions in construction site health and safety management by examination of large UK industry contractors' websites, revealing the motivators that are potentially informing and driving these directions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A desk study approach examined 20 large UK contractor websites. Subsequent hermeneutic content analysis established current
Purpose Develop and test a Website to encourage physical activity (PA) by sedentary workers. Design Randomized control design with 30-day follow-up. Setting Large manufacturing plant. Subjects Included 221 workers; average body mass index was 29.5. Intervention Get Moving was a repeat-visit Website providing information and support to develop a personalized PA plan. Measures Self-reported: PA, depression, anxiety, stage of change, attitudes, knowledge, self-efficacy, intention, perceived barriers to PA, and motivation. Analysis Multivariate analysis of covariance and univariate analysis of covariance models were used to compare the two study conditions on posttest outcomes, controlling for baseline levels. Results Compared with the control group, the treatment group showed significant improvement. The multivariate test was significant (p < .001), with a large effect size (?2 = .42). The treatment group differed significantly from the control participants on 11 outcomes (p < .005), with large effect sizes for PA status, min/d, and knowledge, attitudes, and behavioral intention. Medium effect sizes were measured for perceived barriers, depressive symptoms, motivation, and self-efficacy. Multiple visits resulted in significantly improved PA, motivation, self-efficacy, and intention, compared with one-time visits. Conclusions The Get Moving Website had positive effects and was well received. Interventions Website have potential to increase the PA of sedentary individuals in worksites and elsewhere, but more research is needed into mediators of Web-based interventions.
Irvine, A. Blair; Philips, Laura; Seeley, John; Wyant, Sara; Duncan, Susan; Moore, Roger W.
Objective. To evaluate the characteristics of experiential education Websites of colleges and schools of pharmacy in the United States. Methods. The experiential education Web pages of 124 US colleges and schools of pharmacy were reviewed for office or program name, practice experience management software, experiential education newsletter, practice experience manual, preceptor development programs, new preceptor application processes, and interactive Website interfaces. Results. The term “office of experiential education” was used by 27.4% of colleges and schools. Fifty percent of the colleges and schools used E-value as their practice experience management software. Only a minority of colleges and schools made experiential manual(s) available online, offered newsletters targeted to preceptors, and/or provided Website interactive interfaces for preceptor communication. The Preceptors Training and Resource Network was the preceptor development program most frequently promoted. Conclusions. The majority of US colleges and schools of pharmacy have official Websites for their experiential education program; however, few offer resources online or use interactive or social media to their advantage.
The University of Michigan Business School went through a substantial redesign in 2002--2003 of their site of over 3,000 pages, with a focus on increased ease of use, clean, professional design, improved branding, reduction of Web sprawl, and integration of their public site with their intranet, called ì iMpact.î The site serves a range of users with varying needs, including
Tom Brinck; Seunghee S. Ha; Nick Pritula; Kara Lock; Alfred Speredelozzi; Mike Monan
Twenty college women used a Physics Careers Website that aligned profiles of the college's physics alumnae with the curriculum of introductory physics during an experimental version of the course. Twenty-one college women took a control course that did not use the Website. Students perceived that they learned similar physics content, real-world applications, and problem-solving skills in both courses. Students in the experimental course were more likely to describe physicists' lives and work in diverse ways than were students in the control course.
Based on the research model, language anxiety, prior non-native language experience, Internet self-efficacy and language self-efficacy\\u000a are analyzed for the intention to use non-native language commercial websites, respectively. Prior non-native language experience\\u000a has affected language anxiety, language self-efficacy and intention to use non-native language commercial websites, respectively.\\u000a By the same token, whether or not Internet self-efficacy and language
Note: This article is part of a larger document. ... Communications tools, such as the internet, are key to enhancing the ability of people to coordinate and ... The site contains linkages to all the major bird conservation planning initiatives, and ...
Forgotten the third verse of "Eyes of the World?" Wondering just what Jerry mumbled after "Eight sided whispering hallelujah hatrack" on your copy of "The Eleven?" from Las Vegas in 1968? Or would you like to know what Robert Hunter meant by the "the transitive nightfall of diamonds?" Look no further than this site, created and maintained by David Dodd, Branch Manager of the Civic Center Branch of the Marin County Free Library, and co-author of The Grateful Dead and the Deadheads: An Annotated Bibliography. Clearly a labor of love, the site offers the full text of songs by Robert Hunter and John Perry Barlow, the Dead's principal lyricists, accompanied by footnotes and possible explanations of various passages by Dodd and others. In addition, the site includes discographies, bibliographies, and thematic essays. Grateful Dead enthusiasts and tape collectors will undoubtedly enjoy this site.
Hunter, Robert.; Barlow, John P. (John Perry).; Garcia, Jerry, 1942-.
Leigh Tesfatsion, Professor of Economics and Mathematics at the Department of Economics, Iowa State University, has developed this site for agent-based computational economics (ACE). Visitors can find a brief survey of ACE-related research, and an annotated list of readings for ACE and complex adaptive systems (CAS). Software for ACE is also available at the site, including a Trade Network Game, which "combines evolutionary game play with preferential partner selection."
In tourism industry, information is of great importance in the decision-making process. Any information concerning the future evolution of tourism flow is indispensable both for the public and the private sector. Accurate tourism demand forecasts are essential in order to adjust their policy and corporate finance. This study proposes an e-government decision support system for tourism demand analysis and forecasting.
Alexandros Patelis; Chris Petropoulos; Konstantinos Nikolopoulos; Binshan Lin; Vassilis Assimakopoulos
E-Government and New Public Management (NPM) are two concepts that are often used in discussions about modernizing government. Both concepts refer to various forms of reform of the public sector and, at least to a certain degree, address the same problems public administration is nowadays confronted with (lack of accountability, underperformance and diminished level of legitimacy, to name a few).The